Calibration Guide, E44xxB ESG Signal Generator

Calibration Guide, E44xxB ESG Signal Generator
Calibration Guide
Agilent Technologies
ESG Family Signal Generators
Serial Number Prefixes:
(Affix Label Here)
Part No. E4400-90325
Printed in USA
July 2000
Supersedes April 2000
© Copyright 1999, 2000 Agilent Technologies
Acknowledgements
UNIX® is a registered trademark of the Open Group.
Windows® and MS Windows® are U.S. registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Windows NT ® is a U.S. registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
ii
Contents
1. Equipment Required
Required Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
2. Operation Verification
Verification Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
3. Service Software
Required Test Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2
Installing the ESG_B or ESG_APDP Service Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3
Uninstalling the Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-5
ESG Family Support Software Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-6
Running the Service Support Software. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-20
4. Performance Tests
Support Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-3
1. Internal FM Accuracy and Distortion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-9
2. Internal AM Accuracy and Distortion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-10
3. Phase Modulation Accuracy and Distortion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-12
4. FM Frequency Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-13
5. AM Frequency Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-14
6. Phase Modulation Frequency Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-16
7. DCFM Frequency Offset Relative to CW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-17
8. Residual FM (ESG-A and ESG-D only). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-18
9. Harmonic, Subharmonic, and Nonharmonic Spurious Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-20
10. Power Level Accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-21
11. Timebase Aging Rate (ESG-AP, ESG-DP or Option 1E5 only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-24
12. Digital Modulation Level Accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-27
13. Internal Digital Modulation Quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-28
14. Custom I/Q RF Modulation Quality (Option UN8 only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-29
15. I/Q Modulation Quality (Options UN3, UN4 & UN8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-31
16. Pulse Modulation On/Off Ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-32
17. Burst Modulation On/Off Ratio (ESG-D only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-33
18. CDMA Adjacent Channel Power (Option UN5 only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-34
19. Alternate Timeslot Power Settling Time (Option UNA only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-35
20. Pulse Rise/Fall Time (Option 1E6 only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-36
21. Measuring Phase Noise and Residual FM
(ESG-AP and ESG-DP Series Signal Generators) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-37
22. Dual Arbitrary Waveform Generator Check (Option UND only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-42
23. GSM Loopback BER Check (Option 300 only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-44
24. Frac-N Check (ESG-AP, ESG-DP only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-45
25. Sampler/YO Driver Check (ESG-AP, ESG-DP only). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-45
Performance Test Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-46
5. Adjustments
Adjustment Relationships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-2
Internal Reference Oscillator Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-4
Analog Bus ADC Calibration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-5
Pretune Calibration (ESG-AP and ESG-DP only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-6
iii
Contents
Internal Source Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
VCO Bias Potentiometer Adjustment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Lock Angle Potentiometer Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
KV versus Frequency Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
AM Audio Path Offset Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Timebase DAC Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
FM Scale DAC Offset Calibration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
FM Path Offset Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-14
FM In-Band DAC Offset Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15
FM Inverting Amplifier Offset Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16
FM 1/2 Path Ratio Gain Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-17
Modulation Source Relative Gain Compression Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-18
FM Out-of-Band Calibration (ESG-A and ESG-D only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19
FM Delay Potentiometer Adjustment (ESG-A and ESG-D only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-20
Wide Bandwidth Phase Modulation Calibration (ESG-A and ESG-D only) . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-21
FM/PM Out-of-Band Calibration (ESG-AP and ESG-DP only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-22
FM/PM YO Frequency Compensation Calibration (ESG-AP and ESG-DP only) . . . . . . . . 5-23
DCFM Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-24
Low Frequency (LF) Output Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-25
External Input Peak Detector Calibration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-26
Burst Modulator Calibration (ESG-D only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-27
Burst Audio Path Gain Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-28
Prelevel Calibration, Digital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-29
Prelevel Calibration, Analog (ESG-A only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-30
Gain Adjust Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-31
Low Noise Floor Gain Adjust (ESG-AP and ESG-DP only). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-32
ALC Modulation Driver Bias Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-33
VBLO Mixer Bias Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-34
Power Level Accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-35
Level Meter Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-38
ALC Modulation Flatness Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-39
AM Gain Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-40
I/Q Gain/Offset/Quadrature Calibration (ESG-D only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-41
I/Q Impairment Adjustment (ESG-D only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-42
Baseband Generator I/Q Gain and Offset Adjustment
(ESG-A and ESG-D Options UN3 and UN4 only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-43
6. Maintenance and Service
Preventive Maintenance Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Returning a Signal Generator for Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Sales and Service Offices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
7. Safety and Regulatory
Safety Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Instrument Markings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
General Safety Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
Statement of Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
Electrostatic Discharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
iv
Contents
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-7
Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-8
Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-9
v
Contents
vi
ESG Family Signal Generators
1 Equipment Required
This chapter contains a list of all the recommended equipment required to perform the
performance tests and adjustments for the ESG Family Signal Generators.
Calibration Guide
1-1
Equipment Required
Required Equipment
Required Equipment
• HP/Agilent 8902A Measuring
Receiver1 Option 010
FM accuracy: ±2% of reading ±1 digit
AM accuracy: ±2% of reading ±1 digit
Range: 250 kHz to 1300 MHz
Filters: 300 Hz high pass and
15 kHz and 3 kHz low pass
Detectors: Peak+
• HP/Agilent 54750A Digitizing
Oscilloscope
Bandwidth: 20 GHz
• HP/Agilent 54751/2A Oscilloscope
Plug-in
Two 20 GHz bandwidth channels
• HP/Agilent 54610B Digital
Oscilloscope1
Bandwidth: 500 MHz
• HP/Agilent 5071A
Primary Frequency Standard
Frequency: 10 MHz
Stability: > 1×10-10/year
• HP/Agilent 8903B Options 051, 010
Audio Analyzer1
Distortion accuracy: ±1 dB
Residual distortion:
−80 dB at 80 kHz BW
30 kHz low pass filter
AC level accuracy: ±4%
• HP/Agilent 89441A Options AY7,
AYA, AY9, UFG or UTH, and AYH
Vector Signal Analyzer1,2
(No Substitution)
1.
2.
1-2
ESG Family Signal Generators
• HP/Agilent 8563E Option E35
Spectrum Analyzer (No Substitution)
Capable of W-CDMA ACP
measurements from 1.2 to 3.0 GHz
Option E35 Comprises:
• HP/Agilent 8563E Option H35
Spectrum Analyzer
• HP/Agilent 8563E Option K35
Adjacent Channel Power Ratio Test
Set for W-CDMA
NOTE
HP/Agilent 8563E Option K37
combines the Option K35 test set
with firmware ROM chips to
upgrade existing HP/Agilent 8560
E-series analyzers.
• HP/Agilent 8563E Options 001, 007
Spectrum Analyzer1
Frequency range: 100 kHz to 4000 MHz
Relative level accuracy (harmonic and
spurious measurements) ±2 dB
Displayed average noise level (1 Hz BW)
−110 dBm at 100 kHz,
−130 dBm at 1 to 10 MHz, and
−134 dBm at 0.01 to 4 GHz
1 Hz digital resolution BW filter
(required for power accuracy)
RF input VSWR: 1:1.5
External timebase input
Second IF output
• HP/Agilent 8663A Signal Generator1
Frequency Range: 11.5 to 2500 MHz
Output level: +16 dBm
Meets HP/Agilent 8663A
single-sideband phase noise
specifications
Equipped with GPIB
Used only with ESG-D models
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Equipment Required
Required Equipment
• HP/Agilent 8904A Function
Generator1
Frequency range (sinewave):
0 Hz to 600 kHz
AC Amplitude (sinewave only):
Range: 0 to 10 Vp-p into a 50Ω load
Flatness (>630 mVp-p into 50Ω):
±0.1% (±0.009 dB), 0.1 Hz to 100 kHz
• HP/Agilent 53132A Option 050
Universal Counter1
Frequency range: 4 GHz
Resolution: 0.1 Hz
External timebase input
• HP/Agilent 33120A Option 001
Arbitrary Waveform Generator1 (2)
(No Substitution)
Meter1
• HP/Agilent 438A Power
Instrumentation accuracy: ±0.5%
Power reference accuracy: 0.9%
• HP/Agilent 8482A Power Sensor
Frequency range: 100 kHz to 4000 MHz
Power range: −30 dBm to +13 dBm
Maximum SWR:
100 kHz to 300 kHz: 1:1.6,
300 kHz to 1 MHz: 1:1.12,
1 MHz to 2 GHz: 1:1.1,
2 GHz to 4 GHz: 1:1.3
Calibration factor accuracy (RSS):
≤ 1.6%
• HP/Agilent E3615A Power Supply
Minimum Power: 15V
Minimum Current: 325 mA
• MD/MDC-174 Mixer
Frequency range: 0.001 to 2.8 GHz
• HP/Agilent 3458A Digital
Multimeter1
dc Volts: 0.1 to 100 V
Input resistance: 10Ω to 1 KΩ
• HP/Agilent 8491A/B Option 006
Attenuator
Attenuation: 6 dB
• HP/Agilent 8491A/B Option 010
Attenuator
Attenuation: 10 dB
• HP/Agilent 8491A/B Option 020
Attenuator
Attenuation: 20 dB
• Personal Computer (included in
HP/Agilent E5500A/B)
Running MS Windows® 3.1/95/98 or
Windows NT®
• HP LaserJet 5L Printer
MS Windows supported
• HP 82341C GPIB Interface Card
with SICL HP I/O Library Installed
(No Substitution)
• Agilent Technologies E4400-60073
Digital Test Card (No Substitution)
• HP/Agilent 8495G Programmable
Step Attenuator
Attenuation: 0 to 70 dB
Frequency range: dc to 4 GHz
• HP/Agilent 11713A Step Attenuator
Driver
• HP/Agilent E5500A/B Phase Noise
Measurement System2, 3
Frequency range: 0 to 4 GHz
• MD/MDC-164 Mixer
Frequency range: 0.5 to 9 GHz
Calibration Guide
1.
2.
3.
Equipped with GPIB
Includes Personal Computer
Required for ESG-AP/DP only
1-3
Equipment Required
Required Equipment
ESG Family Signal Generators
Low Noise Amplifiers for
Power Level Accuracy Adjustment and Performance Test
The power level accuracy adjustment and performance test both use low noise amplifiers.
They are required to maintain separation between a low-level signal and the signal
analyzer noise floor. The following amplifiers meet the requirements of making this
measurement.
A +15 Vdc external supply is required for each of the amplifiers. An HP/Agilent E3615A,
0 to 20 V power supply can power all recommended amplifiers simultaneously.
100 kHz to 10 MHz Low Noise Amplifier
Critical Specifications
Frequency Range: 100 kHz to 10 MHz
Noise Figure: 1.5 dB
Gain: 50 dB
1 dB Compression Minimum: +5 dBm
External Power Supply Required: +15 Vdc @ 25 mA
Possible Part Number and Supplier
Part Number: W50ATC
Supplier: Advanced Control Components
20 Meridian Road
Eatontown, NJ 07724
30 MHz to 2 GHz Low Noise Amplifier
Configuration
Two amplifiers are cascaded to obtain the necessary requirements. The specifications
listed below are the combined specifications of the cascaded amplifiers.
Critical Specifications
Frequency Range: 10 MHz to 2 GHz
Noise Figure: 1.8 dB
Gain: > 56 dB
1 dB Compression Minimum: +10 dBm
External Power Supply Required: +15 Vdc @ 300 mA
Possible Part Number and Supplier
Part Number: AFS3-00010300-18-5P-4 (2 required)
Supplier: MITEQ Inc.
100 Davids Drive
Hauppauge, NY 11788
1-4
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
2 Operation Verification
This chapter provides procedures that will either ensure that the signal generator is
operating correctly or will help to point to problem areas if it is not. Operation verification
does not ensure performance to specifications, but should provide a level of confidence that
the signal generator is operating correctly within a minimum amount of time. Operation
verification is appropriate for incoming inspection, after repair when a full calibrated
performance is not required, or whenever the integrity of the signal generator is in
question.
Calibration Guide
2-1
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
ESG Family Signal Generators
Verification Procedures
Perform the following procedures in the order they are presented. The tables referenced by
the tests are located in the back of the chapter where they can be copied easily.
1. Power On the Signal Generator on page 2-2
2. Check for Error Messages on page 2-3
3. Frequency Range and Accuracy Check on page 2-3
4. Power Level Accuracy Check on page 2-4
5. FM Accuracy Check on page 2-7
6. AM Accuracy Check on page 2-8
7. I/Q Modulation Check (ESG-D Only) on page 2-9
Equipment Required
• HP/Agilent 5350A Frequency Counter
• HP/Agilent 438A Power Meter
• HP/Agilent 8482A Power Sensor
• HP/Agilent 8563E Spectrum Analyzer
• HP/Agilent 8491A/B Option 006 Attenuator (6 dB)
• HP/Agilent 8491A/B Option 010 Attenuator (10 dB)
• HP/Agilent 8902A Measuring Receiver
1. Power On the Signal Generator
This procedure verifies that the signal generator powers up and that the internal
instrument check identifies no errors. The internal check evaluates the correctness of
operation and returns an error message if a problem is detected.
1. Turn power on to the signal generator by pressing the power switch. The green LED
will light. Let the signal generator warm up for one hour.
NOTE
For ESG-AP or ESG-DP signal generators, or those with Option 1E5, ERROR
514, Reference Oven Cold occurs whenever the signal generator is first
connected to AC line power. The OVEN COLD annunciator and the ERR
annunciator both turn on. The OVEN COLD annunciator automatically clears
after approximately 5 minutes. The error queue cannot be cleared, however,
until the OVEN COLD annunciator has turned off.
2. Cycle the power to the signal generator. The green LED should again be lit and the
signal generator will perform a check.
2-2
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
2. Check for Error Messages
1. When the display is lit, check to see if the ERR annunciator is turned on.
2. If the ERR annunciator is turned on, review the error messages in the queue by pressing
Utility > Error Info > View Next Error Message. The first error message in the queue will be
shown in the text area of the display. Refer to the error messages guide for information
about the error message.
If there is more than one error message (each message will be designated as 1 of n),
continue pressing the View Next Error Message softkey until you have seen all of the
messages.
3. When you have resolved all of the error messages, press Clear Error Queue(s) to delete the
messages. Cycle the power on the signal generator and then restart this procedure
(Check for Error Messages) at step 1.
3. Frequency Range and Accuracy Check
Frequency range is tested by determining the frequency accuracy relative to the timebase
at the frequency limits.
Connect the Test Equipment
Figure 2-1 Frequency Range and Accuracy Equipment Setup
Configure the Signal Generator
1. Preset the signal generator to normal (factory-defined) preset conditions.
2. Press Mod On/Off. The MOD OFF annunciator is displayed.
3. For frequencies < 10 MHz:
a. Press Amplitude. Enter 10 using the numeric keypad and press the dBm terminator
softkey.
b. Press RF On/Off. The RF ON annunciator is displayed.
Calibration Guide
2-3
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
ESG Family Signal Generators
4. For frequencies ≥ 10 MHz:
a. Press Amplitude. Enter 0 using the numeric keypad and press the dBm terminator
softkey.
b. Check that the RF ON annunciator is displayed. If not, press RF On/Off.
Configure the Frequency Counter
1. For frequencies < 10 MHz use Input 2. Press 1 MΩ.
2. For frequencies ≥ 10 MHz and ≤ 500 MHz use Input 2. Press 50Ω.
3. For frequencies > 500 MHz use Input 1. Press AUTO.
NOTE
Set the gate time of > 5 seconds for maximum counter accuracy. Verify that
the counter is phase-locked to the 10 MHz external reference.
Measure the Frequency Accuracy
1. Set the signal generator to the frequencies shown in Table 2-1, “Frequency Accuracy,”
on page 2-10 (to the maximum frequency of your signal generator).
2. Record the measured frequency in Table 2-1 and compare it to the corresponding limits.
4. Power Level Accuracy Check
Performing this check will provide a high level of confidence that the signal generator’s
power level circuitry is functioning correctly. This check does not test the signal generator
to warranted specifications. Test points have been reduced and the limits are degraded in
order to minimize measurement time and take into account a broad range of measurement
uncertainties. To have the signal generator tested to warranted specifications, a complete
power level accuracy performance test is required. If the complete performance test is
needed and you are unable to perform it, contact your nearest Agilent Technologies service
center for information concerning calibration.
Connect the Test Equipment for Setup 1
Figure 2-2 Power Level Accuracy Equipment Setup 1
2-4
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
Configure the Signal Generator
1. Preset the signal generator to normal (factory-defined) preset conditions.
2. Press Frequency. Enter 277 using the numeric keypad and press the kHz terminator
softkey.
3. Press Amplitude. Enter 13 using the numeric keypad and press the dBm terminator
softkey.
4. Press Mod On/Off. The MOD OFF annunciator is displayed.
5. Press RF On/Off. The RF ON annunciator is displayed.
Configure the Power Meter
1. Zero and calibrate the power meter to the sensor’s reference calibration factor.
2. Set the power meter to measure absolute log power (dBm).
Measure the Power Level Accuracy
1. Set the power levels and frequencies for the signal generator (to the maximum
frequency of your signal generator). Refer to the appropriate table in the following list:
• Table 2-2, “Power Level Accuracy Setup 1 (Signal Generators without Option 1E6),”
on page 2-11
• Table 2-3, “Power Level Accuracy Setup 1 (Signal Generators with Option 1E6),” on
page 2-13.
2. Set the power sensor’s calibration factor for each frequency.
3. Record the measured power level in the appropriate table (Table 2-2 or Table 2-3) and
compare it to the corresponding limits.
Connect the Test Equipment for Setup 2
Figure 2-3 Power Level Accuracy Equipment Setup 2
Calibration Guide
2-5
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
ESG Family Signal Generators
Configure the Signal Generator
1. Press Frequency. Enter 277 using the numeric keypad and press the kHz terminator
softkey.
2. Press Amplitude. Enter −15 using the numeric keypad and press the dBm terminator
softkey.
Configure the Spectrum Analyzer
1. Preset the spectrum analyzer.
2. Set the analyzer to external 10 MHz reference.
3. Set the center frequency to 277 kHz.
4. Set the frequency span to 100 Hz. (This will result in a 1 Hz resolution bandwidth with
a digital filter.)
Measure the Power Level Accuracy
1. Connect the signal generator’s RF OUTPUT through the 6 dB attenuator to the
spectrum analyzer’s RF input.
2. Transfer the power level results for each frequency at −15 dBm from the Measured
Power column in Table 2-2 or Table 2-3 as appropriate, to the Power Meter Reading for
−15 dBm column in Table 2-4, “Power Level Accuracy Setup 2 (All Signal Generators),”
on page 2-15.
3. On the spectrum analyzer, select Marker Normal Mode and then select the Peak Search
function. This activates the marker and sets it to the signal peak.
4. On the spectrum analyzer, ensure that the marker is at the signal peak and use the
MKR-> menu to set the marker to the reference level. If necessary, select Peak Search to
ensure that the marker is at the signal peak.
5. With the marker at signal peak, select the Marker Delta function. This will set the marker
to measure relative amplitude from a reference of 0 dB. If the marker does not read
0 dB, press Marker Normal > Peak Search > Marker Delta until the marker reads 0 dB.
6. Decrease the signal generator amplitude in 10 dB steps as shown in Table 2-4. At each
10 dB step, select Peak Search to ensure that the marker is at the signal peak.
7. Measure the power levels shown in the Power Level Setting (dBm) column of Table 2-4
for the current frequency, and record the values in the Spectrum Analyzer Marker (dB)
column.
8. Return the spectrum analyzer reference level and the signal generator amplitude to
−15 dBm. Set the signal generator frequency and the spectrum analyzer’s center
frequency to the next frequency listed in Table 2-4 and repeat the process from step 3.
Continue until all of the frequencies have been measured and recorded (to the
maximum frequency of your signal generator).
2-6
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
Calculate the Actual Power Level
1. Calculate and record the Actual Power Level, in Table 2-4, as the sum of the Power
Meter Reading for −15 dBm and the Spectrum Analyzer Marker (dB) value.
For example:
• Power Meter Reading for −15 dBm at 2.516 MHz = −14.95 dBm
• Spectrum Analyzer Marker (dB) at 2.516 MHz and Power Level Setting at
−85 dBm = −70.17 dB
• Actual Power Level at 2.516 MHz and −85 dBm: (−14.95) + (−70.17) = −85.12 dBm
2. Compare the calculated Actual Power Level value to the corresponding limits.
5. FM Accuracy Check
Connect the Test Equipment
Figure 2-4 FM Accuracy Equipment Setup
Configure the Signal Generator
1. Preset the signal generator to normal (factory-defined) preset conditions.
2. Press FM/ΦM > FM Off On. The FM annunciator is displayed.
3. Press FM Rate. Enter 1 using the numeric keypad and press the kHz terminator softkey.
4. Press FM Dev. Enter 100 using the numeric keypad and press the kHz terminator softkey.
5. Press Amplitude. Enter 7 using the numeric keypad and press the dBm terminator
softkey.
6. Check that the MOD ON annunciator is displayed. If it is not, press Mod On/Off.
7. Press RF On/Off. The RF ON annunciator is displayed.
Calibration Guide
2-7
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
ESG Family Signal Generators
Configure the Measuring Receiver
1. Reset the measuring receiver.
2. Set the measuring receiver to FM mode.
3. Turn on Peak+ detector.
4. Turn on the 300 Hz high-pass filter.
5. Turn on the 3 kHz low-pass filter.
Measure the Deviations
1. Set the signal generator to the frequencies shown in Table 2-5, “FM Accuracy,” on
page 2-19.
2. Record the deviations measured and compare them to the limits shown in Table 2-5.
6. AM Accuracy Check
Connect the Test Equipment
Figure 2-5 AM Accuracy Equipment Setup
Configure the Signal Generator
1. Preset the signal generator to normal (factory-defined) preset conditions.
2. Press AM > AM Off On. The AM annunciator is displayed.
3. Press AM Rate. Enter 1 using the numeric keypad and press the kHz terminator softkey.
4. Press Amplitude. Enter 7 using the numeric keypad and press the dBm terminator
softkey.
5. Check that the MOD ON annunciator is displayed. If it is not, press Mod On/Off.
6. Press RF On/Off. The RF ON annunciator is displayed.
2-8
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
Configure the Measuring Receiver
1. Reset the measuring receiver.
2. Set the measuring receiver to AM mode.
3. Turn on Peak+ detector.
4. Turn on the 300 Hz high-pass filter.
5. Turn on the 3 kHz low-pass filter.
Measure the Deviations
1. Set the signal generator to the frequencies and depths shown in Table 2-6, “AM
Accuracy,” on page 2-19.
2. Record the AM depths measured and compare them to the limits shown in Table 2-6.
7. I/Q Modulation Check (ESG-D Only)
1. Preset the signal generator to normal (factory-defined) preset conditions.
2. Press I/Q > I/Q Calibration. Check that Full is highlighted on the Calibration Type User Full
softkey. If not, press Calibration Type User Full.
3. Press Execute Cal to begin an I/Q calibration for the signal generator’s full frequency
range. The message I/Q Calibration in Progress is displayed until the calibration is
complete.
Calibration Guide
2-9
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
ESG Family Signal Generators
Test Tables
Table 2-1 Frequency Accuracy
Limits
Frequency
(MHz)
2-10
Lower (Hz)
Measured
(Hz)
Upper (Hz)
0.25
249 999.
250 001.
0.5
499 999.
500 001.
1
999 999.
1 000 001.
10
9 999 999.
10 000 001.
50
49 999 999.
50 000 001.
100
99 999 999.
100 000 001.
500
499 999 999.
500 000 001.
1000
999 999 999.
1 000 000 001.
2000
1 999 999 999.
2 000 000 001.
3000
2 999 999 999.
3 000 000 001.
4000
3 999 999 999.
4 000 000 001.
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
Table 2-2 Power Level Accuracy Setup 1 (Signal Generators without Option 1E6)
Frequency
Setting
Power Level
Setting
(dBm)
Lower Limit
(dBm)
277 kHz
+13
12.2
13.8
+7
6.5
7.5
0
−0.5
0.5
−5
−5.5
−4.5
−15
−15.5
−14.5
+13
12.2
13.8
+7
6.5
7.5
0
−0.5
0.5
−5
−5.5
−4.5
−15
−15.5
−14.5
+13
12.2
13.8
+7
6.5
7.5
0
−0.5
0.5
−5
−5.5
−4.5
−15
−15.5
−14.5
+13
12.2
13.8
+7
6.5
7.5
0
−0.5
0.5
−5
−5.5
−4.5
−15
−15.5
−14.5
+13
12.2
13.8
+7
6.5
7.5
0
−0.5
0.5
−5
−5.5
−4.5
−15
−15.5
−14.5
+10
9.2
10.8
+7
6.5
7.5
0
−0.5
0.5
2.516 MHz
270.1 MHz
510.1 MHz
990.1 MHz
1350.1 MHz
Calibration Guide
Measured
Power
(dBm)
Upper Limit
(dBm)
2-11
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
Frequency
Setting
1950.1 MHz
2310.1 MHz
2985.1 MHz
3225.1 MHz
4000 MHz
2-12
ESG Family Signal Generators
Power Level
Setting
(dBm)
Lower Limit
(dBm)
Measured
Power
(dBm)
−5
−5.5
−4.5
−15
−15.5
−14.5
+10
9.2
10.8
+7
6.5
7.5
0
−0.5
0.5
−5
−5.5
−4.5
−15
−15.5
−14.5
+10
8.8
11.2
+7
6.1
7.9
0
−0.9
0.9
−5
−5.9
−4.1
−15
−15.9
−14.1
+10
8.8
11.2
+7
6.1
7.9
0
−0.9
0.9
−5
−5.9
−4.1
−15
−15.9
−14.1
+7
6.1
7.9
0
−0.9
0.9
−5
−5.9
−4.1
−15
−15.9
−14.1
+7
6.1
7.9
0
−0.9
0.9
−5
−5.9
−4.1
−15
−15.9
−14.1
Upper Limit
(dBm)
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
Table 2-3 Power Level Accuracy Setup 1 (Signal Generators with Option 1E6)
Frequency
Setting
Power Level
Setting
(dBm)
Lower Limit
(dBm)
277 kHz
+9
8.2
9.8
+3
2.5
3.5
0
−0.5
0.5
−5
−5.5
−4.5
−15
−15.5
−14.5
+9
8.2
9.8
+3
2.5
3.5
0
−0.5
0.5
−5
−5.5
−4.5
−15
−15.5
−14.5
+9
8.2
9.8
+3
2.5
3.5
0
−0.5
0.5
−5
−5.5
−4.5
−15
−15.5
−14.5
+9
8.2
9.8
+3
2.5
3.5
0
−0.5
0.5
−5
−5.5
−4.5
−15
−15.5
−14.5
+9
8.2
9.8
+3
2.5
3.5
0
−0.5
0.5
−5
−5.5
−4.5
−15
−15.5
−14.5
+6
5.2
6.8
+3
2.5
3.5
0
−0.5
0.5
2.516 MHz
270.1 MHz
510.1 MHz
990.1 MHz
1350.1 MHz
Calibration Guide
Measured
Power
(dBm)
Upper Limit
(dBm)
2-13
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
Frequency
Setting
1950.1 MHz
2310.1 MHz
2985.1 MHz
3225.1 MHz
4000 MHz
2-14
ESG Family Signal Generators
Power Level
Setting
(dBm)
Lower Limit
(dBm)
Measured
Power
(dBm)
−5
−5.5
−4.5
−15
−15.5
−14.5
+6
5.2
6.8
+3
2.5
3.5
0
−0.5
0.5
−5
−5.5
−4.5
−15
−15.5
−14.5
+6
4.8
7.2
+3
2.1
3.9
0
−0.9
0.9
−5
−5.9
−4.1
−15
−15.9
−14.1
+6
4.8
7.2
+3
2.1
3.9
0
−0.9
0.9
−5
−5.9
−4.1
−15
−15.9
−14.1
+3
2.1
3.9
0
−0.9
0.9
−5
−5.9
−4.1
−15
−15.9
−14.1
+3
2.1
3.9
0
−0.9
0.9
−5
−5.9
−4.1
−15
−15.9
−14.1
Upper Limit
(dBm)
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
Table 2-4 Power Level Accuracy Setup 2 (All Signal Generators)
Frequency
Setting
Power
Level
Setting
(dBm)
277 kHz
−15
2.516 MHz
270.1 MHz
510.1 MHz
Calibration Guide
Power
Meter
Reading
for
−15 dBm
Spectrum
Analyzer
Marker
(dB)
Lower
Limit
(dBm)
Actual
Power
Level
(dBm)
Upper
Limit
(dBm)
0 (Ref)
N/A
N/A
N/A
−25
−26
−24
−35
−36
−34
−45
−46
−44
−55
−56
−54
−65
−66
−64
−75
−76
−74
−85
−86
−84
−15
0 (Ref)
N/A
N/A
N/A
−25
−26
−24
−35
−36
−34
−45
−46
−44
−55
−56
−54
−65
−66
−64
−75
−76
−74
−85
−86
−84
−15
0 (Ref)
N/A
N/A
N/A
−25
−26
−24
−35
−36
−34
−45
−46
−44
−55
−56
−54
−65
−66
−64
−75
−76
−74
−85
−86
−84
−15
0 (Ref)
N/A
N/A
N/A
−25
−26
−24
−35
−36
−34
−45
−46
−44
2-15
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
Frequency
Setting
990.1 MHz
1350.1 MHz
1950.1 MHz
2-16
ESG Family Signal Generators
Power
Level
Setting
(dBm)
Power
Meter
Reading
for
−15 dBm
Spectrum
Analyzer
Marker
(dB)
Lower
Limit
(dBm)
Actual
Power
Level
(dBm)
Upper
Limit
(dBm)
−55
−56
−54
−65
−66
−64
−75
−76
−74
−85
−86
−84
−15
0 (Ref)
N/A
N/A
N/A
−25
−26
−24
−35
−36
−34
−45
−46
−44
−55
−56
−54
−65
−66
−64
−75
−76
−74
−85
−86
−84
−15
0 (Ref)
N/A
N/A
N/A
−25
−26
−24
−35
−36
−34
−45
−46
−44
−55
−56
−54
−65
−66
−64
−75
−76
−74
−85
−86
−84
−15
0 (Ref)
N/A
N/A
N/A
−25
−26
−24
−35
−36
−34
−45
−46
−44
−55
−56
−54
−65
−66
−64
−75
−76
−74
−85
−86
−84
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Frequency
Setting
Power
Level
Setting
(dBm)
2310.1 MHz
−15
2985.1 MHz
3225.1 MHz
4000 MHz
Calibration Guide
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
Power
Meter
Reading
for
−15 dBm
Spectrum
Analyzer
Marker
(dB)
Lower
Limit
(dBm)
Actual
Power
Level
(dBm)
Upper
Limit
(dBm)
0 (Ref)
N/A
N/A
N/A
−25
−26
−24
−35
−36
−34
−45
−46
−44
−55
−56
−54
−65
−66
−64
−75
−76
−74
−85
−86
−84
−15
0 (Ref)
N/A
N/A
N/A
−25
−26
−24
−35
−36
−34
−45
−46
−44
−55
−56
−54
−65
−66
−64
−75
−76
−74
−85
−86
−84
−15
0 (Ref)
N/A
N/A
N/A
−25
−26
−24
−35
−36
−34
−45
−46
−44
−55
−56
−54
−65
−66
−64
−75
−76
−74
−85
−86
−84
−15
0 (Ref)
N/A
N/A
N/A
−25
−26
−24
−35
−36
−34
−45
−46
−44
−55
−56
−54
2-17
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
Frequency
Setting
2-18
ESG Family Signal Generators
Power
Level
Setting
(dBm)
Power
Meter
Reading
for
−15 dBm
Spectrum
Analyzer
Marker
(dB)
Lower
Limit
(dBm)
Actual
Power
Level
(dBm)
Upper
Limit
(dBm)
−65
−66
−64
−75
−76
−74
−85
−86
−84
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
Table 2-5 FM Accuracy
Limits (kHz)
Frequency
(MHz)
Deviation
(kHz)
500.001
100 kHz
96.48
103.52
750
100 kHz
96.48
103.52
1000
100 kHz
96.48
103.52
Lower
Measured
Upper
Table 2-6 AM Accuracy
Limits (%)
Frequency
(MHz)
Depth (%)
200
30
27.5
32.5
200
90
84.5
95.5
300
30
27.5
32.5
300
90
84.5
95.5
501
30
27.5
32.5
501
90
84.5
95.5
750
30
27.5
32.5
750
90
84.5
95.5
1000
30
27.5
32.5
1000
90
84.5
95.5
Calibration Guide
Lower
Measured
Upper
2-19
Operation Verification
Verification Procedures
2-20
ESG Family Signal Generators
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
3 Service Software
The ESG Family Support Software contains the program and supporting files necessary to
run the automated performance tests and adjustments for your signal generator. This
chapter lists the equipment required to run the software, and gives instructions for
installing, administering, using and un-installing the software. For a description of the
individual performance tests and adjustments, refer to Chapter 4, “Performance Tests,”
and Chapter 5, “Adjustments.”
Calibration Guide
3-1
Service Software
Required Test Equipment
ESG Family Signal Generators
Required Test Equipment
The following equipment is required to run the software:
• Personal computer with the following specifications:
• 386/33 MHz CPU, or better
• 8 Mbytes of RAM
• Hard drive with at least 350 Mbytes free
• 16-color VGA monitor
• 3.5-inch disk drive
• MS Windows 3.x, MS Windows 95, or MS Windows NT.
• 2 Button Mouse (optional)
• Printer, MS Windows-supported (for test results documentation)
• HP 82341C/D GPIB Interface Card
• HP SICL Libraries must be installed and configured.
NOTE
3-2
No other MS Windows programs may be running during installation. Close
any MS Windows programs that are currently running prior to starting the
installation.
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Service Software
Installing the ESG_B or ESG_APDP Service Software
Installing the ESG_B or ESG_APDP Service Software
NOTE
If you are installing the ESG_B or ESG_APDP Service Software onto a
computer which already has service software older than version A.03.00, you
must first remove the old version before installing the new software.
Follow this procedure to install the ESG_B or ESG_APDP Service Software on your
personal computer.
1. Insert “Disk 1” into the disk drive.
2. To display the Run dialog box:
• For MS Windows 95 or Windows NT: Select the Start button, then select Run ... from
the pop-up menu.
• For MS Windows version 3.x: Open the Program Manager, then select Run ... from
the File drop-down menu.
3. From the Run dialog box, type a:setup and select the OK button.
The Setup window is displayed as it loads files for the installation. Once these files are
loaded, the ESG Service Software’s Welcome screen is displayed.
4. Continue with the setup by selecting the Next button.
5. The ESG Service Software’s Important Information window is displayed. It contains
information that is vital to installing and using the software. In addition, any new
information may also be shown on this screen. Stop and read this information before
continuing with the software installation!
6. Continue with the setup by selecting the Next button.
The Choose Destination Location window is displayed. The default location for
installing the software is C:\HP_SVC\ESG_B (or C:\HP_SVC\ESG_APDP). Use this
as the software’s destination folder.
7. Continue with the setup by selecting the Next button.
The ESG Service Software’s Select Program Folder window is displayed. This
installation procedure will install the service software icons into a program folder. You
can enter a new folder name in the Program Folders text field or select a folder from the
Existing Folders field. It is recommended to use “ESG_B Service Software” (or
“ESG_APDP Service Software”) for the folder name.
NOTE
This documentation refers to the folder name as “ESG_B Service Software.” If
you use another name for the folder, be aware of this difference.
Calibration Guide
3-3
Service Software
Installing the ESG_B or ESG_APDP Service Software
ESG Family Signal Generators
8. Continue with the setup by selecting the Next button.
The ESG Service Software’s, Start Copying Files window is displayed. This window
shows the destination directory and the folder name settings. To change these settings,
select the Back button until the appropriate window is displayed.
NOTE
This is the last point that you can cancel the installation. If you select the
Next button, the installation proceeds until the software is completely
installed.
9. Select the Next button to go ahead with the installation process.
The graphic on the left of the screen shows the status of each file as it is copied to the
destination directory, the status of each disk that is being copied, and the status of the
overall memory of the destination. The graphic in the center of the screen keeps you
updated on the destination folder, the files that are being copied, and the progress of the
installation.
When the contents of the disk have been copied to their destination, you are notified to
insert each of the next disks by the Setup Needs the Next Disk dialog box.
10. Insert the next disk, as instructed, and select the OK button.
When the installation is complete, the Setup Complete window is displayed. You will be
asked to select whether you want to view the README file or the INFO file. (You
already read the INFO file when you started the installation.)
11. Select the README file and then select the Finish button.
The text editor will display the file. To close this file select the File pull down menu and
then select Exit.
12. Select the Yes, I want to restart my computer now radio button. Ensure that the last
disk has been removed and then choose the Finish button to restart MS Windows.
NOTE
The MS Windows program must be restarted before you can use the software.
When you select restart, the computer reboots.
If you do not want to restart MS Windows at this time, select the No, I will restart my
computer later radio button. If you select restart, the computer reboots and you can
start using the software.
3-4
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Service Software
Uninstalling the Software
Uninstalling the Software
• MS Windows 95 or Windows NT:
1. Display the Control Panel program group by pressing Start > Settings >
Control Panel.
2. Select the Add/Remove Programs icon.
3. From the Install/Uninstall Tab in the Add/Remove Programs properties dialog box:
a. Select ESG_B, then select the Add/Remove button.
b. Select ESG Service Software, then select the Add/Remove button.
4. If the Details button is displayed, the program is removed but the path has not been
removed. Click the Details button and note the path. Then click OK.
5. Display the MS Windows Explorer dialog box by selecting Start > Programs >
Windows Explorer.
6. Select the path that you previously noted, and if you are not using these files for
another purpose, select Delete from the Files drop-down menu to delete the path.
• MS Windows version 3.x:
1. From the Program Manager, click on program group (HP Service Support was the
program’s default title) to highlight the program group name.
2. From the File drop-down menu, select Delete.
3. From the File Manager, select the subdirectory where the program is stored.
(The program’s default subdirectory was hp_svc.)
4. From the File drop-down menu, select Delete.
Calibration Guide
3-5
Service Software
ESG Family Support Software Administration
ESG Family Signal Generators
ESG Family Support Software Administration
The following section shows you how to administer and run the ESG Family Support
Software. The software’s administrative functions allow for the addition or removal of all
necessary test equipment, software drivers, and test procedures. This would include
additional software drivers (as they are released) to extend the range of tests and
equipment supported by the ESG family test set, or maintenance releases of the current
drivers.
Software Configuration
Follow the instructions below to configure the software to run in either User Mode or
Administration Mode.
Start the software using the steps appropriate for the version of MS Windows that is
installed on your PC.
• For MS Windows version 3.x:
1. Open the Program Manager window.
2. Open the HP Service Support program group.
3. Open the HP Service Software icon.
• For MS Windows 95 or Windows NT:
1. Select Start.
2. Select HP Service Software for PC’s.
3. Select HP Service Software.
The service support software has two configurations: User and Administration. The
following sections explain the difference between the two configurations.
Figure 3-1
3-6
The User Information Window
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Service Software
ESG Family Support Software Administration
The User Configuration
Logging on in User Configuration only allows access to the instrument’s performance tests
and adjustments. Refer to “Starting the Software” on page 3-20.
The Administration Configuration
Logging on in Administration Configuration supports all administrative functions,
including the addition of new equipment and the installation of test procedures and device
drivers.
Administering the Service Support Software
1. Refer to the illustration above and fill in the fields in the User Information window:
a. In the User Name field, type in the word Admin. (Case sensitive.)
b. In the Password field, type in the word Falcon. (Case sensitive.)
2. Click OK. (Cancel closes the software application.)
Identifying the DUT
When the DUT Selection dialog box is displayed:
Calibration Guide
3-7
Service Software
ESG Family Support Software Administration
ESG Family Signal Generators
1. Make sure that ESG_B is selected in the Select an Instrument Family list.
2. In the Select Model list, select the instrument model of the DUT to be adjusted or
tested.
3. In the Serial Number box, enter the complete serial number of the DUT.
4. In the Address box, enter the two-digit GPIB address of the DUT. (To display the
address on the signal generator, press Utility > GPIB/RS-232. The GPIB Address softkey
shows the current address.)
5. Select the OK button.
6. The Select Test Equipment and Tests window appears on the display. Close this
window.
Adding Test Equipment
Before any performance tests can be run, information regarding your specific test
equipment must be entered into the software’s database. This information includes the
serial numbers, calibration dates, GPIB address, and traceability data for each individual
component. Only equipment which has been entered into the system will be available for
the test equipment selection process during the test setup. To add test equipment, follow
the instructions below:
1. Refer to Figure 3-2. In the File drop-down menu, select Test Equipment.
Figure 3-2
Test Equipment in the File Drop-Down Menu
2. Refer to Figure 3-3. In the Test Equipment dialog box, select the Device Type for the
new equipment you are adding.
3-8
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Figure 3-3
Service Software
ESG Family Support Software Administration
Adding Test Equipment Using the Test Equipment Menu
3. Select the model of the device.
4. Click Add.
5. In the New Test Equipment window (refer to Figure 3-4), enter the following
parameters into the appropriate box:
Serial Number
of the new equipment.
GPIB Address
of the new equipment. This address must be in the range of 0
through 31 and it should not conflict with any other instrument
address already present in the test setup.
NOTE
The power sensor must be assigned GPIB address −1 (negative 1).
Cal Due Date
the projected calibration due date of the new equipment.
Trace Number
the calibration tracking number. This is the last required item.
Calibration Type
(optional) is used only when special calibration data is associated
with the device being added, and only as a function setup by the
factory for equipment requiring specific calibration data. The only
devices currently requiring this feature are power sensors.
Table 3-1 is an example of the calibration information required
to ensure accuracy for measurements using the power sensor.
This window is accessed for data entry by selecting the words
CAL DATA from the Calibration Type field in the Edit or New
Test Equipment window, Figure 3-4.
Calibration Guide
3-9
Service Software
ESG Family Support Software Administration
Table 3-1
ESG Family Signal Generators
An Example of Calibration Data for Power Sensors
Figure 3-4
Frequency (MHz)
Calibration
Factor (%)
0.1000
97.6
0.3000
98.9
1.0
99.1
3.0
99.4
Adding the Equipment Information Using the New Test Equipment
Window
6. Click OK.
NOTE
The serial number of the test equipment added will be displayed in the
Equipment field of the Test Equipment dialog box (Figure 3-3).
Removing Test Equipment
Removal of test equipment is accomplished using the Test Equipment dialog box. Refer to
Figure 3-5.
1. Select the Device Type of the test equipment to be removed.
3-10
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Service Software
ESG Family Support Software Administration
Figure 3-5 Removing and Editing Test Equipment Using the Test Equipment
Window
2. Select the model of the test equipment to be removed from the Models field.
3. Select the serial number of the test equipment to be removed from the Equipment field.
4. Click Remove.
5. Click Close.
Editing Test Equipment
Editing test equipment parameters is accomplished using the Test Equipment dialog box.
Refer to Figure 3-5.
1. Select the Device Type of the test equipment to be edited.
2. Select the model of the test equipment to be edited from the Models field.
3. Select the serial number of the test equipment to be edited.
4. Click Edit. The Edit Test Equipment window will appear. Change the field parameters
as necessary.
5. Click OK to save the changes and close the window.
6. Click Close in the Test Equipment window.
Calibration Guide
3-11
Service Software
ESG Family Support Software Administration
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adding Device Drivers
Follow these instructions to add test equipment device drivers to the program:
CAUTION
This and the following procedures: Adding/Removing Device (Test
Equipment) Drivers, Adding/Removing Test Drivers, and Adding/Removing
Datapacks are included for informational purposes. These procedures should
only be used when instructions are provided describing which drivers or
datapacks need replacement or removal.
1. Log into the software normally until the Select Test Equipment and Tests window is
displayed.
2. Click the Cancel button to close the Select Test Equipment and Tests window.
3. Refer to Figure 3-6. In the File drop-down menu, select Test Equipment Drivers.
Figure 3-6 Test Equipment Drivers in the File Drop-Down Menu
This selection allows for the addition or removal of software drivers for the test
equipment being used to verify the performance of the DUT.
4. To add a device driver to the existing list of test equipment drivers, click Add
(Figure 3-7).
3-12
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Service Software
ESG Family Support Software Administration
Figure 3-7 Adding a Device Driver Using the Test Equipment Drivers Window
5. Refer to Figure 3-8. Using the standard file search procedure, select the driver that you
are adding and click OK.
Figure 3-8 Using the Open Dialog Box to Search for a Device Driver File to
Add
The selected driver should now be displayed in the Test Equipment Drivers dialog box,
as seen in Figure 3-9.
Calibration Guide
3-13
Service Software
ESG Family Support Software Administration
ESG Family Signal Generators
Removing Device Drivers
Removing device drivers is accomplished using the Test Equipment Drivers dialog box.
Refer to Figure 3-9.
1. Select the driver (.dll) file to be removed.
Figure 3-9 Removing a Device Driver Using the Test Equipment Drivers
Window
2. Ensure that the information displayed in the Version, Device Type, and Models
Supported fields reflects the correct information for the selected driver being removed.
3. Click Remove.
4. Click Close.
Adding Test Drivers
Adding software drivers is accomplished using the Test Drivers window.
1. Refer to Figure 3-10. In the File drop-down menu, select Test Drivers.
3-14
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Service Software
ESG Family Support Software Administration
Figure 3-10 Test Drivers in the File Drop-Down Menu
2. Refer to Figure 3-11. To add a test driver to the existing list of test drivers, click Add.
Figure 3-11 Adding a Test Driver Using the Test Drivers Window
Calibration Guide
3-15
Service Software
ESG Family Support Software Administration
ESG Family Signal Generators
3. Refer to Figure 3-12. Using the standard file search procedure, select the test driver
that you are adding and click OK.
Figure 3-12 Using the Open Dialog Box to Search for a Test Driver File to Add
The selected driver should now be displayed in the Test Drivers dialog box, as seen in
Figure 3-11.
4. Click Close (Figure 3-11).
3-16
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Service Software
ESG Family Support Software Administration
Removing Test Drivers
Removing test drivers is accomplished using the Test Drivers dialog box. Refer to
Figure 3-13.
1. Select the driver (.dll) file to be removed.
Figure 3-13 Removing a Test Driver Using the Test Drivers Window
2. Ensure that the information displayed in the Version, Required Devices, and Tests
Supported fields reflects the correct information for the selected driver being removed.
3. Click Remove.
4. Click Close.
Adding Datapacks
Adding datapacks for test procedures is accomplished using the Datapacks dialog box.
1. Refer to Figure 3-14. In the File drop-down menu, select Datapacks.
Calibration Guide
3-17
Service Software
ESG Family Support Software Administration
ESG Family Signal Generators
Figure 3-14 Datapacks in the File Drop-Down Menu
2. Refer to Figure 3-15. To add a datapack to the existing list of datapacks, click Add.
Figure 3-15 Adding a Datapack Using the Datapacks Window
3. Refer to Figure 3-16. Using the standard file search procedure, select the datapack that
you are adding and click OK.
3-18
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Service Software
ESG Family Support Software Administration
Figure 3-16 Using the Open Dialog Box to Search for a Datapack File to Add
The selected driver should now be displayed in the Datapacks dialog box, as seen in
Figure 3-15.
4. Click Close (Figure 3-15).
Removing Datapacks
Removing datapacks is accomplished using the Datapacks dialog box. Refer to Figure 3-17.
1. Select the datapack (.000) file to be removed.
Figure 3-17 Removing a Datapack Using the Datapacks Window
2. Click Remove.
3. Click Close.
Calibration Guide
3-19
Service Software
Running the Service Support Software
ESG Family Signal Generators
Running the Service Support Software
Starting the Software
1. Start the software using the steps appropriate for the version of MS Windows that is
installed on your PC.
• For MS Windows 95:
a. Select Start.
b. Select HP Service Support for PC’s.
c. Select HP Service Software.
• For MS Windows version 3.x:
a. Open the Program Manager window.
b. Open the HP Service Support program group.
c. Select the HP Service Support icon.
2. Once the User Information dialog box is displayed, enter the user name and the
password.
a. In the User Name box, enter User. (Case sensitive.)
b. In the Password box, enter User. (Case sensitive.)
c. Click OK.
3-20
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Service Software
Running the Service Support Software
Identifying the DUT
When the DUT Selection dialog box is displayed,
1. Make sure that ESG_B is selected in the Select An Instrument Family list.
2. In the Select Model list, select the signal generator model of the DUT to be adjusted or
tested.
3. In the Serial Number box, enter the complete serial number of the DUT.
4. In the Address box, enter the two-digit GPIB address of the DUT. (To display the
address on the signal generator, press Utility > GPIB/RS-232. The GPIB Address softkey
shows the current address.)
5. Select the OK button.
Calibration Guide
3-21
Service Software
Running the Service Support Software
ESG Family Signal Generators
Selecting Performance Tests or Adjustments and the Test
Equipment
When the Select Test Equipment and Tests window is displayed,
1. Select either the Performance Tests radio button to display the list of automated
performance tests or the Adjustments radio button to display the list of automated
adjustments.
2. From the list of performance tests or adjustments, select the tests or adjustments that
will be performed on the DUT. Select a test name by clicking on it (the DCFM
FREQUENCY OFFSET test will be selected for the sections following). The selected
test will be highlighted.
Select all of the performance tests or adjustments by selecting the Select All button.
Unselect all of the selected tests or adjustments by choosing the Unselect button.
As each test or adjustment is selected, the test equipment required to perform the test
or adjustment is listed in the Required Test Equipment box. As each test or adjustment
is removed from the list, the test equipment required to perform the test or adjustment
is removed from the list. Only the test equipment for the highlighted tests is displayed
in the list.
3-22
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Service Software
Running the Service Support Software
3. Once the test is highlighted, identify all test equipment listed in the Required Test
Equipment box. To identify test equipment:
a. Select the type of device from the Device Type list.
b. Select the model number from the Model list for the device.
c. Select the device’s serial number from the Available Test Equipment list.
d. Select the Add button to add the device to the list in the Selected Test Equipment
box.
The following buttons are available for the Selected Test Equipment box:
Add
Copies the tests and adjustments highlighted in the Available Test
Equipment box to the Selected Test Equipment box.
Remove
Removes the highlighted test equipment from the Selected Test
Equipment box.
Clear
Removes all of the test equipment from the Selected Test Equipment
box.
NOTE
If necessary, the test equipment GPIB address can be changed after it is
added to the Selected Test Equipment box. Change the GPIB address by
pressing the right arrow on the keyboard until the GPIB address selection in
the Selected Test Equipment box is selected. (The GPIB address is selected
when it has a dark box around the selection.) Then, type the new GPIB
address and press Enter to change the address.
e. Repeat the previous steps for each test equipment instrument.
4. Once the test equipment has been identified, select the Add button located above the
Selected Tests box to add each of the highlighted performance tests or adjustments. The
tests or adjustments that were highlighted are now displayed in the list in the Selected
Tests box.
The following buttons are available for the Selected Tests box:
Add
Copies the tests and adjustments highlighted in the list of tests and
adjustments to the Selected Tests box.
Remove
Removes the highlighted tests and adjustments from the Selected Tests
box.
Clear
Removes all of the tests and adjustments from the Selected Tests box.
Calibration Guide
3-23
Service Software
Running the Service Support Software
ESG Family Signal Generators
5. If the appropriate tests or adjustments are listed in the Selected Tests box and the
appropriate test equipment is listed in the Selected Test Equipment box, select the OK
button.
Defining the Location where the Test Results are Saved
1. When the Save As dialog box is displayed, select the File Name box and enter the file
name into which you would like to save the test results.
The results file name suffix is.log. The results are saved automatically to the.log file.
You may select the directory into which you would like to save the file by changing the
drive and folder in this window. This file is a text file and can be viewed using many text
editors. Notepad, a standard accessory in MS Windows, is an example of a text editor
that can be used to view text files.
3-24
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Service Software
Running the Service Support Software
2. Once you have selected the drive, folder, and assigned a file name, select the OK button
to save these settings for when the tests are complete.
Running the Tests and Adjustments
Once the HP Service Support Software window is displayed:
1. Select the Run button to start the automated tests or adjustments displayed in the
Selected Tests box.
The software steps through the tests or adjustments sequentially.
2. Follow the instructions displayed on the PC.
A description for each automated performance test or adjustment can be found in
Chapter 4, “Performance Tests,” and Chapter 5, “Adjustments.”
Calibration Guide
3-25
Service Software
Running the Service Support Software
ESG Family Signal Generators
Reviewing the Test and Adjustment Results
Once the tests have finished running, you will want to review the results of the tests. The
HP Service Support Software window displays the DUT model number and serial number,
the selected tests, the results of the selected test, and the current test information. Six
buttons, which are used to control the testing, are also displayed.
The Selected Tests box displays the name of the selected tests, the pass/fail status (P/F) of
each test that has been run, the total number of points that each test checks, and the
number of points that passed and failed for each test. The pass/fail status indicates a
failure if any point in that test fails.
The Selected Test Results box shows the results of the test that is highlighted in the
Selected Tests box. The Selected Test Results box shows the pass/fail status (P/F), the
lower limits (LL), the measured value (Result), the upper limits (UL), and the measured
units (for example, kHz, mV, or dBm) for each test point checked by the performance tests
and some adjustments. “**” indicates values not displayed by the adjustments.
The Current test box shows the results of the test that is currently running. The Current
test box shows the pass/fail status (P/F), the lower limits (LL), the measured value
(Result), the upper limits (UL), and the measured units (for example, kHz, mV, or dBm) for
each test point checked by the performance tests and some adjustments. “**” indicates
values not displayed by the adjustments.
The following buttons are also displayed on the HP Service Support Software window.
These buttons are used to control the testing. Only the buttons that are appropriate are
active. For example, if the test is already in progress, the Run button would not be active.
Run
Start running the highlighted test when initially starting the testing. Also
used to start testing at the same point where the test was stopped.
Stop
Stop the test that is currently running. The test stops after making the
next measurement.
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Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Service Software
Running the Service Support Software
Restart
Rerun a test that was running when the testing was stopped. This restarts
the test from the beginning.
Next Test
Quit running the current test and give it a Fail status. Then, continue
testing with the next test.
Rerun
Restart the testing at the beginning of the first test.
Abort
Quit testing. Abort all tests.
Printing the Test and Adjustment Results
Once the tests are complete, a dialog box is displayed that asks if you want to print the log
file.
The log file is the file in which the test (or adjustment) results are stored. Select the Yes
button to print the test results using the printer connected to LPT1. Choosing the No
button allows you to exit the program without printing the test results.
There are two other methods of printing the test results.
The first method is selecting the Print Log File selection from the File drop-down menu.
The software asked you to define the computer path and file name when the tests were
performed. The default directory is the “log” subdirectory of the destination directory
where you installed the software. (C:\HP_SVC\EGS_B\ was the default destination
directory.)
The second alternative method of printing is opening the file in a text editor and printing
the file in the text editor.
Exiting the Software
Exit the software by selecting Exit from the file drop-down menu.
Pressing Alt-F4 on the keyboard is an alternate method of exiting the software.
Calibration Guide
3-27
Service Software
Running the Service Support Software
3-28
ESG Family Signal Generators
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
4 Performance Tests
Unless stated otherwise, the procedures in this chapter enable you to test the electrical
performance of the signal generator to its specifications.
Calibration Guide
4-1
Performance Tests
ESG Family Signal Generators
Calibration Cycle
This instrument requires periodic verification of performance. Under normal use and
environmental conditions, the instrument should be calibrated every two years. Normal
use is defined as about 2,000 hours of use per year.
Performance Test Records
Unless stated differently, the ESG Family Support Software can print a test record that
contains the results of the automated performance tests. For each of the two manual
performance tests, “Timebase Aging Rate (ESG-AP, ESG-DP or Option 1E5 only)” and
“Measuring Phase Noise and Residual FM (ESG-AP and ESG-DP Series Signal
Generators),” a performance test record is located at the end of this chapter so it can be
photocopied for use.
Recommended Test Equipment
The recommended test equipment table, located in Chapter 1, “Equipment Required,” is
the complete list of equipment required to perform the procedures in this chapter. Test
equipment is also listed with each test and is shown in the test setup. However, to avoid
clutter in the figures, the controller required to run the support software is not shown in
the test setup for each automated test. The controller must be connected via GPIB to all of
the test equipment in the currently selected automated tests. For performance tests, other
equipment can be substituted for the recommended models if it meets or exceeds the
critical specifications listed in Chapter 1, “Equipment Required.” For the adjustment
procedures, no equipment substitutions are available.
4-2
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
Support Software
Support Software
The ESG Family Support Software runs performance tests and where applicable,
generates reports of the results for the tests. The following manual tests are not listed in
the software:
• Timebase Aging Rate (ESG-AP,
ESG-DP or Option 1E5 only)
• Measuring Phase Noise and Residual FM
(ESG-AP and ESG-DP Series Signal Generators)
This chapter shows how to run the software to test and verify the performance of a signal
generator. Chapter 3, “Service Software,” explains how to set up the software for a
particular set of test instruments and interfaced components in a test environment.
Running the Performance Tests
1. Load the support software into the personal computer. Refer to Chapter 3, “Service
Software,” for installation instructions.
2. Click on the installed support software icon.
3. Fill in the fields in the User Information window (Figure 4-1):
a. In the User Name field (item 1), enter User. (Case sensitive.)
b. In the Password field (item 2), enter User. (Case sensitive.)
4. Click OK.
Figure 4-1
The User Information Window
5. In the DUT (Device Under Test) Selection Window (Figure 4-2):
a. In the Select Model list (item 3), choose the correct model number of your signal
generator.
b. In the Serial Number box (item 4), enter the complete serial number of the DUT.
c. In the Address box (item 5), enter the two-digit GPIB address of the signal generator.
(To display the address on the signal generator, press Utility > GPIB/RS-232 >
GPIB Address. The GPIB Address softkey shows the current address.)
6. Click OK.
Calibration Guide
4-3
Performance Tests
Support Software
Figure 4-2
ESG Family Signal Generators
The DUT Selection Window
7. In the Select Test Equipment and Tests window (Figure 4-3), create a list of test
equipment that will verify the signal generator’s performance:
a. In the Device Type list (item 6), select a device type that you want to add to the
equipment list.
b. In the Model list (item 7), select the model of the device type that you want to add to
the equipment list.
c. In the Available Test Equipment box (item 8), select the serial number of an
instrument. There may be more than one instrument available for any model. Make
sure that the instrument calibration due date has not passed. If the due date has
passed, use another available instrument. Also, alert your system administrator that
the instrument is due for calibration.
d. Click Add (item 9) to add the instrument to the test equipment list.
e. Continue adding test equipment to the list by repeating these steps.
NOTE
You can correct mistakes while you are entering instruments in the test
equipment list:
• To delete a single entry in the equipment list, click on the unwanted
selection in the Selected Test Equipment box and then click Remove (item
11).
• To delete the entire list of equipment, click Clear (item 12).
4-4
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Figure 4-3
Performance Tests
Support Software
The Select Test Equipment and Tests Window
8. Create a list of performance tests that you want the software to run (Figure 4-3):
a. In the Available Tests list (item 13), select a performance test.
b. Click Add (item 14) to add the test to the list of tests that the software will run.
You can view the Required Test Equipment list (item 15) for a performance test by
clicking on the test title in the Available Tests (item 13) box.
c. Continue adding performance tests to the list by repeating these steps.
NOTE
You can correct mistakes while you are entering tests in the performance test
list:
• To delete a single entry in the test list, select the unwanted test in the
Selected Tests box (item 16) and then click Remove (item 17).
• To delete the entire list of equipment, click Clear (item 18).
9. When you are done, click OK (item 19).
Calibration Guide
4-5
Performance Tests
Support Software
ESG Family Signal Generators
10.To save the test results to a file, make the following selections (Figure 4-4):
a. Click on the Drives window (item 20) and select the drive where you want to save the
test results.
b. Click on the Save file as type window (item 21) and select the file type for saving the
test results.
c. Click on the File name window (item 22) and type in a name for the test results file.
11.Click OK (item 23).
Figure 4-4
The Save As Window
12.In the Main Test and Results window (Figure 4-5), verify that the selected DUT (item
24), serial number (item 24), and selected tests (item 25) are correct. Then click Run.
The selected performance tests are listed in the order in which they will run. You
cannot change this order.
During the testing sequence the window shows the following information:
• the model and serial number of the signal generator under test (item 24)
• the list of selected performance tests with the current test highlighted (item 25)
• the performance test currently running (item 26)
• the data points taken (item 27)
• the total number of data points that will be measured during the test (item 28)
• the number of points that have currently passed the test (item 29)
• the number of points that have currently failed the test (item 30)
• the lower limits (LL) (item 31) and upper limits (UL) (item 32) for each test point
• the measured results (item 33) and the pass/fail (P/F) (item 34) indication
4-6
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
Support Software
You can scroll the results window, vertically and horizontally. You can also click on the
following buttons during the test sequence:
Run
Start running the highlighted test when initially starting the testing.
Also used to start testing at the same point where the test was stopped.
Stop
Stop the test that is currently running. The test stops after making the
next measurement.
Restart
Rerun a test that was running when the testing was stopped. This
restarts the test from the beginning.
Next Test
Quit running the current test and give it a Fail status. Then, continue
testing with the next test.
Rerun
Restart the testing at the beginning of the first test.
Abort
Quit testing. Abort all tests.
To begin a performance test sequence with a new DUT, click File and New Session. This
allows you to reselect the DUT, the equipment list, and the performance test list.
Figure 4-5 The Main Test and Results Window
13.When the software has run all of the selected performance tests, the status bar
indicates that the tests are completed (item 35).
Calibration Guide
4-7
Performance Tests
Support Software
ESG Family Signal Generators
Printing the Performance Test Results
1. To print all the results of the entire test sequence, click File and Print.
Exiting the Support Software Program
1. To exit the performance tests program, click File and Exit.
4-8
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
1. Internal FM Accuracy and Distortion
1. Internal FM Accuracy and Distortion
These automated tests verify the FM accuracy and distortion specifications. Accuracy is
verified directly with a measuring receiver, and distortion is verified by measuring the
demodulated output of the measuring receiver, using the audio analyzer. The audio
analyzer provides a more accurate verification with better resolution, as opposed to the
measuring receiver alone.
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 8902A Measuring Receiver Option 010
• HP/Agilent 8903B Audio Analyzer
Equipment Setup
Figure 4-6
Calibration Guide
Internal FM Accuracy and Distortion Tests Setup
4-9
Performance Tests
2. Internal AM Accuracy and Distortion
ESG Family Signal Generators
2. Internal AM Accuracy and Distortion
These automated tests verify the AM accuracy and distortion specifications.
For frequencies at or below 1300 MHz, accuracy is verified directly with a measuring
receiver, and distortion is verified by measuring the demodulated output from the
measuring receiver with an audio analyzer. The audio analyzer provides a more accurate
verification with better resolution than using the measuring receiver alone.
For frequencies above 1300 MHz, the RF output from the signal generator is mixed with
the output from another signal generator (local oscillator) to produce a suitable input
frequency for the measuring receiver.
For a frequency of 4 GHz, verification is accomplished by covering two different frequency
spans through the use of two mixers.
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 8902A Measuring Receiver Option 010
• HP/Agilent 8903B Audio Analyzer
• HP/Agilent 8663A Signal Generator
• MD/MDC-174 Mixer (1 to 2800 MHz)
• MD/MDC-164 Mixer (0.5 to 9 GHz)
Equipment Setups
Figure 4-7
4-10
Accuracy and Distortion for AM ≤ 1300 MHz Test Setup
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
2. Internal AM Accuracy and Distortion
Figure 4-8
Accuracy and Distortion for AM > 1300 MHz and ≤ 2500 MHz Test Setup
Figure 4-9
Accuracy and Distortion for AM > 2500 MHz Test Setup
Calibration Guide
4-11
Performance Tests
3. Phase Modulation Accuracy and Distortion
ESG Family Signal Generators
3. Phase Modulation Accuracy and Distortion
These automated tests verify the phase modulation accuracy and distortion specifications.
Accuracy is verified directly with a measuring receiver, and distortion is verified by
measuring the demodulated output from the measuring receiver, using the audio analyzer.
The audio analyzer provides a more accurate verification with better resolution than using
the measuring receiver alone.
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 8902A Measuring Receiver Option 010
• HP/Agilent 8903B Audio Analyzer
Equipment Setup
Figure 4-10
4-12
Accuracy & Distortion for Phase Modulation Tests Setup
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
4. FM Frequency Response
4. FM Frequency Response
This automated test verifies the FM frequency response specifications. The equipment
measures the variations in frequency deviations due to changes in the applied FM rate; dc
to 100 kHz. The variations are expressed relative to a reference signal; 1 kHz rate set at
100 kHz deviation, in dB. Each frequency is tested with this sequence:
1. A reference signal is measured.
2. The set deviation is measured for each applied rate change.
3. Each deviation measurement is compared to the reference signal deviation.
The comparison is a calculation of the difference in the deviations relative to the reference
rate. The relative value is the FM frequency response.
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 8902A Measuring Receiver Option 010
• HP/Agilent 8904A Function Generator
Equipment Setup
Figure 4-11 FM Frequency Response Tests Setup
Calibration Guide
4-13
Performance Tests
5. AM Frequency Response
ESG Family Signal Generators
5. AM Frequency Response
This automated test verifies the AM frequency response specifications. The equipment
measures the variations in modulation depth due to changes in the applied AM rate; dc to
10 kHz. The response is relative to a 1 kHz rate set at the test depth, and expressed in dB.
Each frequency is tested with the following sequence:
1. A reference signal is measured.
2. The set depth is measured for each applied rate change.
3. Each depth measurement is compared to the reference signal depth.
The comparison is a calculation of the difference in the depths relative to the reference
rate. The relative value is the AM Frequency Response.
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 8902A Measuring Receiver Option 010
• HP/Agilent 8904A Function Generator
• HP/Agilent 8663A Signal Generator
• MD/MDC-164 Mixer (0.5 to 9 GHz)
Equipment Setups
Figure 4-12 Frequency Response for AM ≤ 1300 MHz Test Setup
4-14
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
5. AM Frequency Response
Figure 4-13 Frequency Response for AM > 1300 MHz Test Setup
Calibration Guide
4-15
Performance Tests
6. Phase Modulation Frequency Response
ESG Family Signal Generators
6. Phase Modulation Frequency Response
This automated test verifies the phase modulation frequency response specifications. The
equipment measures the variations in phase deviations due to changes in the applied
ΦM rate; dc to 100 kHz. The response is relative to a 1 kHz reference at the same phase
deviation, and expressed in dB. Each frequency is tested with the following sequence:
1. A reference signal is measured.
2. The set deviation is measured for each applied rate change.
3. Each deviation measurement is compared to the reference signal deviation.
The comparison is a calculation of the difference in the deviations relative to the reference
rate. The relative value is the ΦM frequency response.
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 8902A Measuring Receiver Option 010
• HP/Agilent 8904A Function Generator
Equipment Setup
Figure 4-14 Phase Modulation Frequency Response Test Setup
4-16
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
7. DCFM Frequency Offset Relative to CW
7. DCFM Frequency Offset Relative to CW
This automated test verifies the carrier frequency offset, relative to CW. The equipment
measures the RF output frequency. For each test point, a comparison is made between a
CW reference frequency without DCFM selected, and then with the DCFM selected; the
difference is the carrier frequency offset.
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 53132A Frequency Counter Option 050
Equipment Setup
Figure 4-15 DCFM Frequency Offset Test Setup
Calibration Guide
4-17
Performance Tests
8. Residual FM (ESG-A and ESG-D only)
ESG Family Signal Generators
8. Residual FM (ESG-A and ESG-D only)
This automated test verifies the residual frequency modulation (FM) specification. The
signal generator’s RF output signal is mixed with a signal from a low noise external LO.
The resultant IF signal is demodulated as it passes through the measuring receiver,
bypassing the measuring receiver’s internal mixer which is inherently more noisy. Then
the audio analyzer measures the demodulated audio signal for an RMS voltage. The
measurement is scaled and displayed as RMS mV, but read as residual FM in Hz.
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 8902A Measuring Receiver Option 010
• HP/Agilent 8903B Audio Analyzer Options 051, 010
• HP/Agilent 8663A Signal Generator
• MD/MDC-174 Mixer (1 to 2800 MHz)
• MD/MDC-164 Mixer (0.5 to 9 GHz)
Equipment Setups
Figure 4-16 Residual FM ≤ 2500 MHz Test Setup
4-18
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
8. Residual FM (ESG-A and ESG-D only)
Figure 4-17 Residual FM > 2500 MHz Test Setup
Calibration Guide
4-19
Performance Tests
9. Harmonic, Subharmonic, and Nonharmonic Spurious Signals
ESG Family Signal Generators
9. Harmonic, Subharmonic, and
Nonharmonic Spurious Signals
These automated tests verify that the harmonic, subharmonic, and nonharmonic spurious
signals are within specifications. The signal generator’s output signal is set to values
where harmonic and spurious signal performance problems are most likely to occur. Then
the spectrum analyzer checks the level of the various harmonic and spurious signals and
compares each measurement to a signal of known frequency and amplitude.
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 8563E Spectrum Analyzer
• HP/Agilent 8491A/B Attenuator (10 dB) Option 010
Equipment Setup
Figure 4-18 Harmonic, Subharmonic, and Nonharmonic Spurious Signals Tests Setup
4-20
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
10. Power Level Accuracy
10. Power Level Accuracy
A power meter is used to verify performance over the +13 to –15 dBm range. The absolute
power level measured at –10 dBm is used as a reference for all lower level measurements.
For power levels below −15 dBm, a vector signal analyzer is used to make relative power
measurements. A low noise amplifier (LNA) and step attenuator are connected in series to
control the absolute power level input to the signal analyzer. For power level settings
≥ –60 dBm, the step attenuator is set to approximately cancel the gain of the LNA. Below
–60 dBm, the step attenuator is set to 0 dB, which keeps the signal level well above the
signal analyzer’s noise floor.
Relative measurements are accomplished by setting the DUT amplitude. For example:
Set the DUT to a specific frequency, and an amplitude of –10 dBm. For the purpose of this
example, assume the power meter measures –10.1 dBm at these settings. The signal
analyzer does a peak search, sets the reference level, and sets the marker to delta mode
(0 dB). The DUT amplitude then changes to –20 dBm, and the signal analyzer makes a
relative power measurement (assume it to be –10.15 dB). The absolute power measured is
–10.1 dBm + (–10.15 dB), or –20.25 dBm.
To determine power level accuracy below –60 dBm, the signal analyzer makes the 0 dB
marker delta measurement with the amplitude set to –60 dBm, and all lower level
measurements are made relative to this reference. The previously measured error for the
–60 dBm setting is then accounted for in the measurement.
For frequencies above 2 GHz, an HP/Agilent 8563E signal analyzer is used to downconvert
the frequency to 321.4 MHz.
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 438A Power Meter
• HP/Agilent 8482A Power Sensor
• HP/Agilent 89441A Vector Signal Analyzer
• HP/Agilent 8563E Option 001 Signal Analyzer
• HP/Agilent 8491A/B Option 006 Attenuator (6 dB)
• HP/Agilent 8495G Programmable Step Attenuator (0 to 70 dB)
• HP/Agilent 11713A Step Attenuator Driver
See page 1-4 for Details on the following:
• Low Frequency Noise Amplifier (LNA)
• High Frequency Low Noise Amplifier (LNA)
Calibration Guide
4-21
Performance Tests
10. Power Level Accuracy
ESG Family Signal Generators
Equipment Setups
Figure 4-19 High-Power, Power Level Accuracy Setup
Figure 4-20 Low-Power, Power Level Accuracy (< 10 MHz) Setup
4-22
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
10. Power Level Accuracy
Figure 4-21 Low-Power, Power Level Accuracy (≥ 10 MHz and ≤ 2 GHz) Setup
Figure 4-22 Low-Power, Power Level Accuracy (> 2 GHz) Setup
Calibration Guide
4-23
Performance Tests
11. Timebase Aging Rate (ESG-AP, ESG-DP or Option 1E5 only)
ESG Family Signal Generators
11. Timebase Aging Rate
(ESG-AP, ESG-DP or Option 1E5 only)
This manual test verifies the accuracy of the signal generator’s internal timebase. The
time required for a 360° phase change is measured both before and after a specified
waiting period. The aging rate is inversely proportional to the absolute value of the
difference in the measured times. The results of this test can be recorded on the test record
provided on page 4-48.
The overall accuracy of the internal timebase is a function of:
TBC ±AR ±TE ±LE where:
TBC = timebase calibration
AR = aging rate
TE = temperature effects
LE = line effects
After the timebase is adjusted, the timebase frequency should stay within the aging rate
for the following situations:
• The timebase oven does not cool down.
• The instrument keeps the same orientation, with respect to the earth’s magnetic field.
• The instrument stays at the same altitude.
• The instrument does not receive any mechanical shock.
If the timebase oven cools (the instrument power switch is set to off), you may have to
readjust the timebase frequency after a new warm-up cycle. Typically, however, the
timebase frequency returns to within ±1 Hz of the original frequency.
NOTE
The internal timebase can be tested after the AC power is reconnected for 10
minutes. For best accuracy, retest after the instrument has been on for 24
hours.
Frequency changes due to either a change in orientation, with respect to the earth’s
magnetic field, or to a change in altitude usually go away when the instrument is returned
to its original position. A frequency change due to mechanical shock usually appears as a
fixed frequency error.
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 54610B Digital Oscilloscope
• HP/Agilent 5071A Primary Frequency Standard
4-24
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
11. Timebase Aging Rate (ESG-AP, ESG-DP or Option 1E5 only)
Equipment Setup
Figure 4-23 Timebase Aging Rate Test Setup
Procedure
1. Preset all instruments and let them warm up for at least one hour.
2. If the oscilloscope does not have a 50Ω input impedance, connect channel 1 through a
50Ω feedthrough.
3. On the oscilloscope, adjust the external triggering for a display of the 10 MHz REF
OUTPUT signal from the synthesizer.
a. On Channel 1 of the oscilloscope, set the following:
•
•
•
•
Display: On
Volts/Division: 500 mV
Input Coupling: dc
Input Impedance: 50 ohms (or use a 50 ohm feedthrough)
b. On Channel 2 of the oscilloscope, set the following:
• Display: Off
• Input Coupling: dc
• Input Impedance: 50 ohms (or use a 50 ohm feedthrough)
c. On the Timebase of the oscilloscope, set the following:
• Time/Division: 5 ns
d. On the Trigger of the oscilloscope, set the following:
• Trigger Source: CH 2
• Trigger Mode: Normal
• Trigger Level: 0 V
Calibration Guide
4-25
Performance Tests
11. Timebase Aging Rate (ESG-AP, ESG-DP or Option 1E5 only)
ESG Family Signal Generators
4. If the signal drifts a full cycle (360°) in less than 2 minutes, refer to Chapter 5,
“Adjustments,” and perform the “Internal Reference Oscillator Adjustment.” After the
adjustment, restart this performance test.
5. Watch the oscilloscope display and monitor the time. Notice the time required for a 360°
phase change and record this time as T1.
6. Wait 3 to 24 hours. Record the time that you waited as T2.
7. Repeat steps 1 through 6. Notice the time required for a 360° phase change and record
this time as T3.
8. Calculate the aging rate as follows:
Aging Rate = (1 cycle/10 MHz) (1/T1 − 1/T3) (24 hours/T2)
Example:
T1 = 351 seconds
T2 = 3 hours
T3 = 349 seconds
= (1 cycle/10 MHz) (1/351s − 1/349s) (24h/3h)(1.306 × 10-11 per day)
9. Write the test results on the performance test record located at the end of this chapter.
Compare the results to the limits in the test record.
NOTE
4-26
If the absolute frequency of the standard and the timebase oscillator are
extremely close, you can reduce the measurement time (T1 and T3) by
measuring the time required for a phase change of less than 360°. In step 4,
change 1 cycle to 0.5 cycle for 180°, or 0.25 cycle for 90°.
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
12. Digital Modulation Level Accuracy
12. Digital Modulation Level Accuracy
This automated test verifies the level accuracy of the signal generator’s I and Q
modulation inputs. Two arbitrary waveform generators provide the I and Q modulation
inputs to the signal generator. A power meter measures the RF output power with and
without QPSK modulation applied to the signal generator. The difference in power
measurements is the level accuracy. The QPSK modulation is loaded into the two arbitrary
waveform generators from a data file in the performance tests software. The vector signal
analyzer verifies the arbitrary waveform generator’s outputs are properly scaled and
synchronized before the relative power level accuracy is measured.
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 438A Power Meter
• HP/Agilent 8482A Power Sensor
• HP/Agilent 33120A Option 001 Arbitrary Waveform Generator (2)
• HP/Agilent 89441A Options AY7, AY9, AYA, UFG or UTH Vector Signal Analyzer
Equipment Setup
Figure 4-24 Digital Modulation Level Accuracy Test Setup
Calibration Guide
4-27
Performance Tests
13. Internal Digital Modulation Quality
ESG Family Signal Generators
13. Internal Digital Modulation Quality
NOTE
This test is only required for instruments with UN3, UN4, or UN8.
This automated test verifies the RF modulation quality of the signal generator’s internal
I/Q modulation. A vector signal analyzer is connected to the signal generator’s RF output.
The internal baseband generator modulates the RF carrier in each of the available digital
modulation formats. The vector signal analyzer measures the appropriate error parameter
for the modulation generated (EVM for PHS, PDC and NADC formats; global phase error
for GSM format).
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 89441A Options AYA, AY9, UFG or UTH Vector Signal Analyzer
Equipment Setup
Figure 4-25 Internal Digital Modulation Quality Test Setup
4-28
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
14. Custom I/Q RF Modulation Quality (Option UN8 only)
14. Custom I/Q RF Modulation Quality
(Option UN8 only)
This automated test verifies the RF modulation quality of the Option UN8 signal
generator’s internal real time I/Q baseband modulation. A vector signal analyzer is
connected to the signal generator’s RF output. The Option UN8 internal baseband
generator modulates the RF carrier in each of the TDMA digital modulation formats. The
parameters of the individual TDMA formats common to Options UN3, UN4 and UN8 are
tested elsewhere. The vector signal analyzer measures the appropriate error parameter for
the modulation generated:
• EVM for QPSK, π/4DQPSK, and QAM16
• Phase error for MSK
• Frequency Shift Error (%) for FSK2
Recommended Equipment
• MD/MDC-174 Mixer (0.001 to 2.8 GHz)
• HP/Agilent 8663A Signal Generator
• HP/Agilent 89441A Options AY9, AYA, AYH, UFG or UTH Vector Signal Analyzer
Equipment Setups
Figure 4-26 Custom I/Q RF Modulation Quality ≤ 2000 MHz Test Setup
Calibration Guide
4-29
Performance Tests
14. Custom I/Q RF Modulation Quality (Option UN8 only)
ESG Family Signal Generators
Figure 4-27 Custom I/Q RF Modulation Quality > 2000 MHz Test Setup
Procedure
1. Connect the equipment as shown in Figure 4-26 on page 4-29.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
4-30
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
15. I/Q Modulation Quality (Options UN3, UN4 & UN8)
15. I/Q Modulation Quality (Options UN3, UN4 & UN8)
This test measures the accuracy of the rear-panel I and Q output signals created by the
internal baseband generator in Option UN3, UN4, or UN8 signal generators. The vector
signal analyzer is configured to measure the I and Q baseband signals and demodulate
each modulation type separately.
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 89441A Vector Signal Analyzer
Equipment Setup
Figure 4-28 I/Q Modulation Quality Test Setup (Options UN3, UN4, & UN8)
Procedure
1. Connect the equipment as shown in Figure 4-28.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
4-31
Performance Tests
16. Pulse Modulation On/Off Ratio
ESG Family Signal Generators
16. Pulse Modulation On/Off Ratio
This automated test verifies the pulse modulation on/off ratio. The signal generator is
configured for an external pulse input. The spectrum analyzer measures the RF output
power with and without the external pulse applied. The power difference is the on/off ratio.
NOTE
This test does not test the high performance pulse circuitry used in
Option 1E6 instruments. See “20. Pulse Rise/Fall Time (Option 1E6 only)” on
page 4-36.
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 8563E Spectrum Analyzer
• HP/Agilent 8491A/B Option 010 Attenuator (10 dB)
• HP/Agilent 33120A Arbitrary Waveform Generator
Equipment Setup
Figure 4-29 Pulse Modulation On/Off Ratio Test Setup
4-32
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
17. Burst Modulation On/Off Ratio (ESG-D only)
17. Burst Modulation On/Off Ratio (ESG-D only)
This automated test verifies the burst modulation on/off ratio. The signal generator is
configured for an external burst input. The spectrum analyzer measures the RF output
power with and without the external burst applied. The power difference is the on/off ratio.
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 8563E Spectrum Analyzer
• HP/Agilent 8491A/B Option 010 Attenuator (10 dB)
• HP/Agilent 33120A Arbitrary Waveform Generator
Equipment Setup
Figure 4-30 Burst Modulation On/Off Ratio Test Setup
Calibration Guide
4-33
Performance Tests
18. CDMA Adjacent Channel Power (Option UN5 only)
ESG Family Signal Generators
18. CDMA Adjacent Channel Power (Option UN5 only)
This automated test verifies the energy at an offset to the main channel relative to the
total energy in the main channel. Post-processing averaging techniques are used to
improve repeatability.
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 8563E Spectrum Analyzer
• HP/Agilent 8491A/B Option 010 Attenuator (10 dB)
Equipment Setup
Figure 4-31 Adjacent Channel Power Test Setup (Option UN5)
4-34
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
19. Alternate Timeslot Power Settling Time (Option UNA only)
19. Alternate Timeslot Power Settling Time
(Option UNA only)
This test measures the time required for a waveform envelope to settle within the
tolerance of its final amplitude after a sharp amplitude transition provided by the
Alternate Timeslot Power feature (Option UNA). Settling time is the result of heating and
cooling effects in the step attenuator and ALC loop. The rise and fall response times of the
ALC loop and each attenuator segment is characterized and combined to construct the
settling curve for any arbitrary transition.
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 8563E Option 007 Spectrum Analyzer
• HP/Agilent 8491A/B Option 010 Attenuator (10 dB)
Equipment Setup
Figure 4-32 Alternate Timeslot Power Settling Time Test Setup (Option UNA)
Procedure
1. Connect the equipment as shown in Figure 4-32.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
4-35
Performance Tests
20. Pulse Rise/Fall Time (Option 1E6 only)
ESG Family Signal Generators
20. Pulse Rise/Fall Time (Option 1E6 only)
This test checks the rise/fall time performance of the RF carrier when pulse modulated by
way of the PULSE IN path. The oscilloscope captures the rising or falling edge of the RF
pulse envelope, and calculations are made from the digitized data. Transition time
calculated is for the 10% to 90% portion of the envelope.
Recommended Equipment
• HP/Agilent 54750A Digitizing Oscilloscope
• HP/Agilent 54751A or 54752A Plug-in
• HP/Agilent 33120A Function Generator
• HP/Agilent 8491A/B Opt 010 Attenuator (10 dB)
• HP/Agilent 8491A/B Opt 020 Attenuator (20 dB)
Equipment Setup
Figure 4-33 Pulse Rise/Fall Time Setup (Option 1E6)
4-36
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
21. Measuring Phase Noise and Residual FM (ESG-AP and ESG-DP Series Signal Generators)
21. Measuring Phase Noise and Residual FM
(ESG-AP and ESG-DP Series Signal Generators)
The signal generator’s automated performance tests do not include a test for either phase
noise or residual FM. These tests must be done separately and the results attached to the
test results obtained with the performance test software. Either output a plot for each
measured frequency, or copy the data onto the test record provided on page 4-48.
Measure phase noise and residual FM on an HP/Agilent E5500 system or its equivalent, at
0.5, 1, 2, 3, and 4 GHz as applicable to the model under test.
Measuring Phase Noise
Because of the excellent phase noise performance of ESG-P series signal generators, a
special procedure and extensive equipment is required. The recommended method is to use
an HP/Agilent E5500 series phase noise measurement system. This system is
recommended over the older HP/Agilent 3048 system due to speed issues and the fact that
the older system can not directly measure residual FM. Most of the rest of this discussion
refers to the E5500 system, although the principles apply to both.
The limitation of any measurement of phase noise is that the resulting measurement can
never be better than the phase noise of the source used to down-convert the signal. In an
E5500 system this source is typically either an HP/Agilent 8644B or an
HP/Agilent 8662A/63A. Both have advantages and disadvantages. The 8644B has better
phase noise above 10 kHz from the carrier, while the 8662/3 has better close-in phase
noise, but is worse above 10 kHz. Other sources may have different characteristics. To fully
characterize a signal generator to a high degree of accuracy, both sources may be needed.
The following sections illustrate three different measurements of the same device under
test (DUT):
• “Using an HP/Agilent 8644B” on page 4-38
• “Using an HP/Agilent 8663A Synthesizer” on page 4-39
• “Using Electronic Frequency Locking (EFC)” on page 4-40
Calibration Guide
4-37
Performance Tests
ESG Family Signal Generators
21. Measuring Phase Noise and Residual FM (ESG-AP and ESG-DP Series Signal Generators)
Using an HP/Agilent 8644B
Figure 4-34 shows the phase noise results of the DUT using the 8644B as the
down-converting source. Note that while it has excellent phase noise above 10 kHz, the
results below 10 kHz rapidly degrade. The 60 Hz related noise spikes are typically due to
the DCFM method of phase locking the DUT to the E5500.
Figure 4-34
4-38
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
21. Measuring Phase Noise and Residual FM (ESG-AP and ESG-DP Series Signal Generators)
Using an HP/Agilent 8663A Synthesizer
Figure 4-35 shows the results of the same DUT measured with a 8663A Synthesizer. In
this measurement, the DCFM method was also used to phase lock the DUT to the E5500
system. Again, this produces 60 Hz-related spikes as well as other spurs at 20 and
100 kHz. Notice that the phase noise above 10 kHz is also worse than with the
HP/Agilent 8644B. The DCFM method of testing phase noise with an HP/Agilent 8662/3
should not be used.
Figure 4-35
Calibration Guide
4-39
Performance Tests
ESG Family Signal Generators
21. Measuring Phase Noise and Residual FM (ESG-AP and ESG-DP Series Signal Generators)
Using Electronic Frequency Locking (EFC)
Figure 4-36 shows the result of using the electronic frequency control (EFC) method of
phase-locking the DUT to the E5500 system (see the E5500 manual for set up). This
method produces the best result, but is not available on all sources (such as the
HP/Agilent 8644B). Note that the close-in phase noise is now much improved and the
60 Hz related spikes are eliminated. Although the two large spikes still exist, they are the
result of the HP/Agilent 8662/3 and are not characteristics of the DUT.
Figure 4-36
To get an accurate idea of the actual phase noise of the DUT, it may be necessary to
combine the two plots, always using the lowest result of both (see Figure 4-37). Keep in
mind that the actual phase noise results are probably better than what is displayed.
The results shown on the E5500 system may be worse than the actual DUT. If a tested
device has the same phase noise characteristics as the system’s down-converting source,
the displayed result will be 3 dB worse than either device. To eliminate this error, measure
three different sources. This results in three equations and three unknowns, and the
software can then sort out the actual results for each device. This 3-source substitution
method generates a correction table that can be used for future measurements, effectively
eliminating the combined error (of up to 3 dB) for subsequent measurements. For best
results, use this method. Refer to the E5500 documentation for instructions on how to
implement a 3-source substitution. When the plots in this section were taken, this method
was not used. If it had been used, portions of the plots could have been up to 3 dB better.
Another way of stating the above: for any phase noise measurement where a 3-source
substitution is not performed, the actual phase noise of one of the two sources involved
(DUT or down-converting source) is at least 3 dB better than shown.
4-40
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
21. Measuring Phase Noise and Residual FM (ESG-AP and ESG-DP Series Signal Generators)
Figure 4-37
Measuring Residual FM
Residual FM is closely related to phase noise. Good phase noise typically implies good
residual FM. Directly measuring residual FM at very low levels is difficult, but the
HP/Agilent E5500 system can integrate the phase noise results to determine an accurate
value. This is done under the E5500 software Trace Integration menu by selecting a data
type of Snu(f) or Spectral density of frequency fluctuations.
In the ESG-P series, residual FM is defined only within a 300-3000 Hz bandwidth and
with a specified frequency response within this band. That frequency response is specified
by a CCITT filter characteristic. In the E5500 system, software revision 5.0 or higher, use
of this filter response can be achieved by simply checking the CCITT weighting box under
the Trace Integration menu.
If you use the older HP/Agilent 3048 phase noise system, there is no direct way to measure
residual FM, but because residual FM and phase noise are so closely related and
interdependent, it is safe to assume that if the DUT’s phase noise meets specification,
looks typical (between 300 and 3000 Hz), and shows no unexpected large spikes in the
response, then it will most likely also meet the residual FM specification.
Calibration Guide
4-41
Performance Tests
22. Dual Arbitrary Waveform Generator Check (Option UND only)
ESG Family Signal Generators
22. Dual Arbitrary Waveform Generator Check
(Option UND only)
This check verifies the functionality of the dual arbitrary waveform generator. A
triangular waveform is downloaded into the signal generator and then output to the
rear-panel I and Q outputs. An oscilloscope is used to monitor the rear-panel I and Q
outputs.
NOTE
This is not a performance test. This check is only provided to ensure that the
dual arbitrary waveform generator is operational. The results are verified
visually on the oscilloscope, and there is no data that is automatically logged
or that can be printed out.
Recommended Equipment
• An oscilloscope with 2 input channels
Equipment Setup
Figure 4-38 Dual Arbitrary Waveform Generator Setup (Option UND)
Procedure
1. Connect the test equipment as shown. The oscilloscope is not connected to GPIB; this
allows for the use of most general 2-channel oscilloscopes.
2. Set the oscilloscope to display both Channel 1 and Channel 2. Set the oscilloscope to
trigger on Channel 1. The recommended settings are:
• Vertical Scale: 500 mV/div
• Timebase: 5 microseconds/div
4-42
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
22. Dual Arbitrary Waveform Generator Check (Option UND only)
3. Verify that Channel 1 and Channel 2 are both displaying triangular waveforms
approximately 180 degrees out of phase and that they do not have any discontinuities.
Refer to the illustration below.
• Frequency is approximately 64 kHz.
• Amplitude is approximately 1.9 Vp-p.
• Both waveforms are symmetrical around 0 volts (the average voltage is
approximately 0V).
Calibration Guide
4-43
Performance Tests
23. GSM Loopback BER Check (Option 300 only)
ESG Family Signal Generators
23. GSM Loopback BER Check (Option 300 only)
This test is a functionality check of the Option 300 GSM BER hardware, and does not test
any specifications. The instrument’s RF output is connected to the rear panel 321.4 MHz
IF input. The test is made with the RF signal set to 321.4 MHz at 0 dBm. The instrument
is specially configured to emulate a GSM base station (transmitting BCH then TCH
signals for synchronization). A BER measurement is made with an expected result of 0%
error. A second BER measurement is made where known errors are added to the
bitstream.
Recommended Equipment
No equipment is required.
Equipment Setup
Figure 4-39 GSM Loopback BER Check Setup (Option 300)
4-44
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Tests
24. Frac-N Check (ESG-AP, ESG-DP only)
24. Frac-N Check (ESG-AP, ESG-DP only)
This test uses the internal analog bus (ABUS) to verify proper operation of the
Fractional-N assembly. It also checks for unlocked conditions at frequencies across the
tune range. Use this test as a diagnostic tool; it does not verify actual instrument
performance.
Recommended Equipment
No equipment is required.
25. Sampler/YO Driver Check (ESG-AP, ESG-DP only)
This test uses the internal analog bus (ABUS) to verify proper operation of the Sampler
and YO Driver assemblies. It also checks for unlocked conditions at frequencies across the
tune range. Use this test as a diagnostic tool; it does not verify actual instrument
performance.
Recommended Equipment
No equipment is required.
Calibration Guide
4-45
Performance Tests
Performance Test Records
ESG Family Signal Generators
Performance Test Records
The test records at the end of this chapter are provided as masters for you to photocopy.
Table 4-1 on page 4-47 provides a place to record the equipment used for the tests in this
chapter.
Table 4-2 and Table 4-3 on page 4-48 are provided for recording the results of manual
tests:
• Timebase aging rate (page 4-24)
• Phase noise and Residual FM (page 4-37)
Where applicable, use the ESG Family Support Software to print out a test record of the
results obtained from the automated performance tests.
4-46
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Table 4-1
Performance Tests
Performance Test Records
ESG Family Signal Generators Performance Test Record
Test Equipment Used
Model Number
Model ___________________
Report Number
_________________________
Date___________
Arbitrary Waveform Generator
______________
______________
______________
Attenuator (6 dB)
______________
______________
______________
Attenuator (10 dB)
______________
______________
______________
Audio Analyzer
______________
______________
______________
Frequency Counter
______________
______________
______________
Function Generator
______________
______________
______________
Low Noise Amp (0.1–10 MHz)
______________
______________
______________
Low Noise Amp (0.03–2 GHz)
______________
______________
______________
Measuring Receiver
______________
______________
______________
Mixer (0.5–9 GHz)
______________
______________
______________
Mixer (0.001–2.8 GHz)
______________
______________
______________
Oscilloscope, Digital
______________
______________
______________
Oscilloscope, Digitizing
______________
______________
______________
Oscilloscope Plug-in
______________
______________
______________
Power Meter
______________
______________
______________
Power Sensor
______________
______________
______________
Power Splitter
______________
______________
______________
Primary Frequency Standard
______________
______________
______________
Signal Generator
______________
______________
______________
Spectrum Analyzer
______________
______________
______________
Vector Signal Analyzer
______________
______________
______________
W-CDMA Spectrum Analyzer
______________
______________
______________
______________________
______________
______________
______________
______________________
______________
______________
______________
Calibration Guide
Trace Number
Cal Due Date
4-47
Performance Tests
Performance Test Records
ESG Family Signal Generators
Table 4-2 ESG Family Signal Generators Timebase Aging Rate
Performance Test Record
Model _____________
Report Number ____________________________
Test Description
Timebase Aging Rate
ESG-AP, ESG-DP, or
Option 1E5 only
Table 4-3
Results
_____________________
Date ___________
Specification
Measurement
Uncertainty
< ±0.0005 ppm/day
5.6 × 10-11 per day
ESG-AP and ESG-DP Series Signal Generators Phase Noise and
Residual FM Performance Test Record
Model
___________________
Serial No.
__________________
Date
___________________
Tester
____________________
Phase Noise (20kHz Offset)
Frequency (GHz)
Specification
(dBc/Hz)
0.5
< –134
1.0
< –130
2.0
< –123
3.0
< –120
4.0
< –118
Measurement
Pass/Fail?
Residual FM (CCITT Weighting)
Frequency (GHz)
Specification (Hz)
0.5
< 0.5
1.0
<1
2.0
<2
3.0
<3
4.0
<4
4-48
Measurement
Pass/Fail?
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
5 Adjustments
This chapter contains the adjustment procedures that may be required for the signal
generator.
Calibration Guide
5-1
Adjustments
Adjustment Relationships
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustment Relationships
Anytime an adjustment is made to the signal generator other related adjustments may be
affected. For optimal performance, whenever an adjustment is performed, the related
adjustments should also be performed.
Analog Bus Related Adjustments
The following adjustments are optimized if the Analog Bus ADC Calibration has been run:
• VCO Bias Potentiometer Adjustment
• FM Inverting Amplifier Offset Calibration
• ALC Modulation Drive Bias Calibration
• VBLO Mixer Bias Calibration
• Level Meter Calibration
• I/Q Gain/Offset/Quadrature Calibration (ESG-D only)
• I/Q Impairment Adjustment (ESG-D only)
Synthesizer Potentiometer Related Adjustments
The Lock Angle potentiometer is preset fully counter-clockwise in the VCO Bias
Adjustment. Both adjustments should always be performed together.
• VCO Bias Potentiometer Adjustment
• Lock Angle Adjustment
AM Accuracy Related Adjustments
• AM Audio Path Offset Calibration
• AM Gain Calibration
I/Q Modulation Accuracy Related Adjustments
• VBLO Mixer Bias Calibration
• I/Q Gain/Offset/Quadrature Calibration (ESG-D only)
• I/Q Impairment Adjustment (ESG-D only)
• Baseband Generator I/Q Gain and Offset Adjustment (Options UN3 or UN4 only)
Burst Modulation Accuracy Related Adjustments
• Burst Modulator Calibration (ESG-D only)
• Burst Audio Path Gain Calibration (ESG-D only)
5-2
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
Adjustment Relationships
FM Accuracy Related Adjustments
• KV versus Frequency Calibration
• FM Scale DAC Offset Adjustment
• FM Path Offset Adjustment
• FM In-Band DAC Offset Adjustment
• FM Inverting Amplifier Offset Calibration
• FM 1/2 Path Ratio Adjustment
• Modulation Source Relative Gain Calibration
• FM Out-of-Band Calibration
• FM Delay Potentiometer Adjustment
• FM/PM YO Frequency Compensation Calibration (ESG-AP and ESG-DP only)
• FM/PM OB Cal (ESG-AP and ESG-DP only)
• DCFM Calibration
Power Level Range and Accuracy Related Adjustments
• Prelevel Calibration
• Gain Adjustment
• Low Noise Floor Gain Adjustment (ESG-AP and ESG-DP only)
• ALC Modulation Driver Bias Calibration
• VBLO Mixer Bias Calibration
• Power Level Accuracy
• Level Meter Calibration
• ALC Modulation Flatness Calibration
Calibration Guide
5-3
Adjustments
Internal Reference Oscillator Adjustment
ESG Family Signal Generators
Internal Reference Oscillator Adjustment
Use this procedure to adjust the internal reference DACs (Digital-to-Analog Convertors).
The internal reference oscillator is adjusted with two DACs, one for coarse tuning and one
for fine tuning. Using the two DACs, the internal reference oscillator can be adjusted to the
resolution of the frequency counter used.
This is a manual adjustment. An automated version of this adjustment is also provided.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 53132A Option 050 Universal Counter
• HP/Agilent 5071A Primary Frequency Standard
Procedure
Figure 5-1 Internal Reference Oscillator Adjustment Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Set the universal counter input to 50Ω.
4. On the signal generator press, Preset > Amplitude > 0 > dBm > RF ON/OFF > Utility >
Instrument Adjustments > Reference Oscillator Adjustment > Ref Osc Fine.
5. Center the fine tuning DAC setting for a value of 128.
6. Press Ref Osc Coarse on the signal generator.
7. Adjust the coarse tuning DAC setting for a universal counter reading of 100 MHz.
8. Press Ref Osc Fine and adjust the fine tuning DAC setting for a frequency counter
reading of 100 MHz, within 0.1 Hz resolution.
9. After adjusting both of the DAC settings, press Store Ref Osc Setting > Confirm Store.
5-4
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
Analog Bus ADC Calibration
Analog Bus ADC Calibration
Description
This test is used to calibrate the gain of the ABUS. The ABUS is connected to the ground
node (ACOM) and the ADC is zeroed. The ABUS is then connected to the 10 V reference
and measured. The result of the measured value divided by the ideal value is the ABUS
gain calibration constant. This value is then saved in the signal generator’s firmware.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 3458A Digital Multimeter
Procedure
Figure 5-2 Analog Bus ADC Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
5-5
Adjustments
Pretune Calibration (ESG-AP and ESG-DP only)
ESG Family Signal Generators
Pretune Calibration (ESG-AP and ESG-DP only)
Description
This adjustment determines the YO offset and gain calibration constants that minimize
the YO phase lock error voltage. The phase lock error voltage is measured with the
internal analog bus and is minimized at both low and high YO frequencies by controlling
the YO pretune DAC. The YO pretune DAC settings are used to calculate the YO offset and
gain calibration constants.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 53132A Option 050 Universal Counter
Procedure
Figure 5-3
Pretune Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
5-6
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
Internal Source Calibration
Internal Source Calibration
Description
This test is used to calibrate the internal source amplitude versus frequency. The values
for offset and gain are set to their default values in the internal source calibration arrays.
Next, the offset calibration factor is determined by connecting the DVM to the ABUS and
measuring the dc offset of the motherboard common ground ABUS node and the offset of
the DSP ABUS node with the DSP set to 0 Vdc. The calibration factor is the difference
between these two measurements. The scaling factors are determined by setting the DSP
to output a full-scale sinewave with the DVM connected to the front panel LF OUTPUT
port. Measurements are then made in 1 kHz steps and the calibration factors are
calculated to achieve 2 Vpeak on the motherboard by accounting for the nominal gain
presented by the reference board. Upon completion, the calibration factors are stored in
the signal generator’s firmware.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 3458A Digital Multimeter
Procedure
Figure 5-4 Internal Source Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
5-7
Adjustments
VCO Bias Potentiometer Adjustment
ESG Family Signal Generators
VCO Bias Potentiometer Adjustment
Description
This test sets the VCO bias potentiometer at a level that will keep the VCO in a stable
operating region over the entire frequency and temperature range. First, the F/2 and the
lock angle potentiometers are set fully CW (clock-wise). The signal generator is set to
750 MHz and the potentiometer is adjusted until the F/2 oscillations disappear. The
voltage at the SYNTH_F2 ABUS node is measured and then the potentiometer is adjusted
for a 0.77 V to 0.80 V drop.
After you have performed this adjustment, you must perform the Lock Angle
Potentiometer Adjustment on the following page.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 8563E Spectrum Analyzer
Procedure
Figure 5-5 VCO Bias Potentiometer Adjustment Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
5-8
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
Lock Angle Potentiometer Adjustment
Lock Angle Potentiometer Adjustment
Description
This test is used to optimize the phase detector sampling of the synthesizer phase-locked
loop reference frequencies. The lock angle adjustment sets the time during the reference
cycle when the ultra-quiet time phase detector measurement occurs. The phase detector
needs to make its measurement at the quietest point in the reference cycle. By adjusting
this potentiometer to minimize the level of the fractional-N spur, the time of the phase
detector sample can be optimized.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 8563E Spectrum Analyzer
Procedure
Figure 5-6 Lock Angle Potentiometer Adjustment Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
5-9
Adjustments
KV versus Frequency Calibration
ESG Family Signal Generators
KV versus Frequency Calibration
Description
This test determines the tuning sensitivity of the synthesizer loop. To measure the
sensitivity, the tuning voltage is measured as the frequency is stepped from 500 to
1000 MHz in 10 MHz steps. At each incremental frequency the tuning voltage is measured
(Vtune1) and again at the incremental frequency +300 kHz (Vtune2). The sensitivity is
then calculated in units of MHz/V and stored in the signal generator’s firmware.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 3458A Digital Multimeter
Procedure
Figure 5-7 KV versus Frequency Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
5-10
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
AM Audio Path Offset Calibration
AM Audio Path Offset Calibration
Description
This test calibrates the AM path to remove any offset generated when LIN AM, LIN
BURST, or LOG BURST are enabled. This test determines the ALC_REF_DAC delta value
which is used to correct the offset when the modulation is enabled. This value is then
stored in the appropriate calibration constant.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 438A Power Meter
• HP/Agilent 8482A Power Sensor
Procedure
Figure 5-8 AM Audio Path Offset Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
5-11
Adjustments
Timebase DAC Calibration
ESG Family Signal Generators
Timebase DAC Calibration
Description
This test ensures that the signal generator has warmed-up sufficiently and then adjusts
the coarse and fine reference timebase DACs for minimum internal reference frequency
error. The coarse and fine DAC calibration factors are then stored in the signal generator’s
firmware.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 53132A Option 050 Universal Counter
• HP/Agilent 5071A Primary Frequency Standard
Procedure
Figure 5-9 Timebase DAC Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
5-12
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
FM Scale DAC Offset Calibration
FM Scale DAC Offset Calibration
Description
This test is used to remove the offset associated with the FM SCALE DAC operational
amplifier located on the reference board. This calibration results in a DAC value for FM
OFFSET DAC 2. After this DAC value has been properly adjusted, the effects of the FM
SCALE DAC value on the offset will be minimized.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 53132A Option 050 Universal Counter
Procedure
Figure 5-10 FM Scale DAC Offset Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
5-13
Adjustments
FM Path Offset Calibration
ESG Family Signal Generators
FM Path Offset Calibration
Description
This test is used to remove the offsets associated with the various FM1 and FM2 audio
paths on the reference board. When FM is enabled, voltage offsets on the reference and
synthesizer boards appear as frequency shifts on the synthesizer VCO. By using a
frequency counter to measure the frequency of the VCO, the voltage offsets can be
quantified. The voltage offsets are adjusted and stored in the signal generator’s firmware.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 53132A Option 050 Universal Counter
Procedure
Figure 5-11
FM Path Offset Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
5-14
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
FM In-Band DAC Offset Calibration
FM In-Band DAC Offset Calibration
Description
This test is used to remove the offset associated with the FM IN-BAND DAC located on the
synthesizer board. The calibration determines the DAC value for the FM IN-BAND
OFFSET DAC on the synthesizer board which will remove the offset.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 53132A Option 050 Universal Counter
Procedure
Figure 5-12
FM In-Band DAC Offset Calibration
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
5-15
Adjustments
FM Inverting Amplifier Offset Calibration
ESG Family Signal Generators
FM Inverting Amplifier Offset Calibration
Description
This test is used to remove the offset associated with the differential inverting amplifier on
the FM input of the synthesizer board. The calibration determines the DAC value for the
FM OFFSET DAC 1 on the reference board which will remove the offset associated with
the amplifier.
Required Test Equipment
• None
Procedure
1. Preset the signal generator.
2. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
5-16
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
FM 1/2 Path Ratio Gain Calibration
FM 1/2 Path Ratio Gain Calibration
Description
This test equalizes the gain between the FM1 and FM2 paths. The gain of the FM2 path is
adjusted using the FM SCALE DAC and the resulting DAC value is stored in the signal
generator’s firmware. This calibration only affects source-independent gains. When
uncalibrated sources feed into the paths, the gains are adjusted using the Modulation
Source Relative Gain Calibration.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 3458A Digital Multimeter
• HP/Agilent 53132A Option 050 Universal Counter
• HP/Agilent 33120A 15 MHz Function/Arbitrary Waveform Generator
Procedure
Figure 5-13
FM 1/2 Path Ratio Gain Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
5-17
Adjustments
Modulation Source Relative Gain Compression Calibration
ESG Family Signal Generators
Modulation Source
Relative Gain Compression Calibration
Description
This test provides a scaling factor for all of the multiplexed FM modulation inputs. The
scaling factor is used by the signal generator’s firmware to scale the actual requested FM
deviation from the synthesizer board when the corresponding input is selected. Three
scaling factors (EXT1, EXT2, and INT1) are generated during this calibration. The
resulting values are used to calculate the calibration values that are then stored in the
signal generator’s firmware.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 3458A Digital Multimeter
• HP/Agilent 53132A Option 050 Universal Counter
• HP/Agilent 33120A 15 MHz Function/Arbitrary Waveform Generator
Procedure
Figure 5-14
Modulation Source Relative Gain Compression Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
5-18
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
FM Out-of-Band Calibration (ESG-A and ESG-D only)
FM Out-of-Band Calibration (ESG-A and ESG-D only)
Description
This test adjusts the FM out-of-band deviation to match the in-band FM deviation. It also
determines the attenuation values of the out-of-band attenuators and sets the values of
some other FM constants. The loop bandwidth of the synthesizer phase-locked loop is
approximately 5 kHz. This calibration is used to set the FM deviation at rates above the
loop bandwidth (out-of-band) so they will equal the deviation rates within the loop
bandwidths (in-band).
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 3458A Digital Multimeter
• HP/Agilent 8902A Option 010 Measuring Receiver
• HP/Agilent 33120A 15 MHz Function/Arbitrary Waveform Generator
Procedure
Figure 5-15
FM Out-of-Band Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
5-19
Adjustments
FM Delay Potentiometer Adjustment (ESG-A and ESG-D only)
ESG Family Signal Generators
FM Delay Potentiometer Adjustment
(ESG-A and ESG-D only)
Description
This test adjusts the match between the delay of the signal passing through the FM
in-band path to the delay of the signal passing through the FM out-of-band path. This
calibration is the final adjustment required to achieve good FM performance over a wide
range of different rates. The FM delay potentiometer forms part of an RC network on the
input of the FM out-of-band circuit. The adjustment is used to flatten the delay of the FM
response from low rates to high rates. The delay affects the deviation accuracy. By
monitoring the deviation, the delay can be adjusted.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 3458A Digital Multimeter
• HP/Agilent 8902A Option 010 Measuring Receiver
• HP/Agilent 33120A 15 MHz Function/Arbitrary Waveform Generator
Procedure
Figure 5-16
FM Delay Potentiometer Adjustment Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
5-20
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
Wide Bandwidth Phase Modulation Calibration (ESG-A and ESG-D only)
Wide Bandwidth Phase Modulation Calibration
(ESG-A and ESG-D only)
Description
This test is used to calibrate the phase modulation circuitry on the synthesizer board. The
phase modulation has two operational modes: normal and wide bandwidth. This
calibration determines the attenuation correction factors for maximum deviation for each
of the phase modulation out-of-band ranges for normal and wide bandwidth modes and
in-band and out-of-band operation. This calibration MUST be performed at the same
frequency as the FM out-of-band calibration (1 GHz). The resulting correction factors are
then stored in the signal generator’s firmware.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 3458A Digital Multimeter
• HP/Agilent 8902A Option 010 Measuring Receiver
• HP/Agilent 33120A 15 MHz Function/Arbitrary Waveform Generator
Procedure
Figure 5-17
Wide Bandwidth Phase Modulation Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
5-21
Adjustments
FM/PM Out-of-Band Calibration (ESG-AP and ESG-DP only)
ESG Family Signal Generators
FM/PM Out-of-Band Calibration (ESG-AP and ESG-DP
only)
Description
This adjustment calibrates the FM/PM out-of-band paths on the Fractional-N and YO
driver modules. The internal ABUS is connected to the phase lock loop integrator node on
each board, and the attenuators and DAC are adjusted to minimize the voltage. This
ensures that the in-band and out-of-band paths are matched. The “FM In-Band DAC
Offset Calibration” on page 5-15 must be performed prior to this adjustment.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 3458A Digital Multimeter
• HP/Agilent 33120A 15 MHz Function/Arbitrary Waveform Generator
Procedure
Figure 5-18 FM/PM Out-of-Band Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
5-22
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
FM/PM YO Frequency Compensation Calibration (ESG-AP and ESG-DP only)
FM/PM YO Frequency Compensation Calibration
(ESG-AP and ESG-DP only)
Description
This adjustment calibrates the FM/PM YIG oscillator frequency compensation latches on
the YO driver assembly. These latches adjust the flatness of the YO FM/PM paths for rates
greater than 100 kHz. The “FM In-Band DAC Offset Calibration” on page 5-15 and the
“FM/PM Out-of-Band Calibration (ESG-AP and ESG-DP only)” on page 5-22 must be
performed prior to this adjustment.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 8563E Spectrum Analyzer
• HP/Agilent 33120A 15 MHz Function/Arbitrary Waveform Generator
Procedure
Figure 5-19 FM/PM YO Freq. Compensation Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
5-23
Adjustments
DCFM Calibration
ESG Family Signal Generators
DCFM Calibration
Description
This test removes all of the dc offsets associated with the FM path while in DCFM mode.
This test uses only the FM1 path to verify the functionality of the circuitry. The resulting
values are stored in the signal generator’s firmware.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 53132A Option 050 Universal Counter
Procedure
Figure 5-20
DCFM Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
5-24
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
Low Frequency (LF) Output Calibration
Low Frequency (LF) Output Calibration
Description
The LF output provides a calibrated audio frequency signal. This test is used to set the
full-scale amplitude of the LF-OUT DAC on the reference board. When the calibration is
complete, the voltage on the LF output should be equal to the input voltage, plus or minus
1 mV. The resulting DAC values are then stored in the signal generators firmware.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 3458A Digital Multimeter
Procedure
Figure 5-21
Low Frequency (LF) Output Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
5-25
Adjustments
External Input Peak Detector Calibration
ESG Family Signal Generators
External Input Peak Detector Calibration
Description
This test is used to calibrate the positive trip level of the EXT1 and EXT2 peak detectors
located on the reference board. The calibration generates DAC values for the modulation
comparator DACs which provide a voltage to the window comparator operational
amplifiers. When the peak detector level DACs are set correctly, the overmodulation
indicator will trigger whenever the voltage to the EXT1/EXT2 input is greater than 1.03V.
The resulting DAC values are saved as a calibration constant in the signal generator’s
firmware.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 3458A Digital Multimeter
• HP/Agilent 33120A 15 MHz Function/Arbitrary Waveform Generator
Procedure
Figure 5-22
External Input Peak Detector Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
5-26
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
Burst Modulator Calibration (ESG-D only)
Burst Modulator Calibration (ESG-D only)
Description
This test is used to adjust the bias modulator circuitry to provide an accurate logarithmic
drop in power level for a linear input voltage. When properly adjusted, a one-volt signal on
the input will result in a 10 dB drop in power level. The adjustment involves the
adjustment of three DACs (BURST BIAS, BURST GAIN, and BURST OFFSET) at several
different frequencies. The BURST OFFSET DAC sets the initial current level through the
burst modulator diode. The BURST GAIN DAC is used to calibrate the input voltage level
to the burst driver circuit. The BURST BIAS DAC sets the breakpoint at which the
modulator switches from a logarithmic to a linear transfer function. The results are stored
in the calibration arrays associated with each DAC.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 8904A Function Generator (used as audio source)
• HP/Agilent 8563E Spectrum Analyzer
• HP/Agilent E4400-60073 Digital Test Card
• HP/Agilent 3458A Digital Multimeter
Procedure
Figure 5-23
Burst Modulator Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
5-27
Adjustments
Burst Audio Path Gain Calibration
ESG Family Signal Generators
Burst Audio Path Gain Calibration
Description
This test adjusts the scaling of the linear burst audio path until a -0.99 Vdc input to the
EXT1 connector results in a 40 dB drop in power relative to 0.00 Vdc input when linear
burst is activated. The AM 1 DAC value is changed until this result is achieved and its
value is stored as a calibration array.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 3458A Digital Multimeter
• HP/Agilent 33120A 15 MHz Function/Arbitrary Waveform Generator
• HP/Agilent 8563E Spectrum Analyzer
Procedure
Figure 5-24
Burst Audio Path Gain Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
5-28
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
Prelevel Calibration, Digital
Prelevel Calibration, Digital
Description
This test calibrates the PRE LEVEL REF DAC on the output board. This DAC is used to
control the RF power level that is incident upon the marble I/Q modulator by setting the
control point for the prelevel loop. The prelevel loop detector is on the output of the marble
I/Q modulator, its drive circuitry on the output board, and its RF modulator on the
synthesizer board. This calibration ensures that there will be sufficient power available at
the marble I/Q modulator to perform the desired modulation while minimizing
intermodulation distortion when the digital modulation is activated. The signal generator
is set to a frequency and the auxiliary output amplitude level is adjusted using the PRE
LEVEL DAC to within the specified tolerance of the desired value. This process is repeated
for all the frequencies in the marble I/Q modulator index array. The results are then stored
in the signal generator’s firmware.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 438A Power Meter
• HP/Agilent 8482A Power Sensor
Procedure
Figure 5-25
Prelevel Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
5-29
Adjustments
Prelevel Calibration, Analog (ESG-A only)
ESG Family Signal Generators
Prelevel Calibration, Analog (ESG-A only)
Description
This adjustment determines and stores calibration data for the prelevel reference DAC on
the output module. This DAC maintains a consistent RF power level over the full
frequency range between the synthesizer module and the output module. Measurements
are performed at the RF OUTPUT connector. DAC calibration is determined by making
measurements at a high power level, reducing power level 10 dB with the ALC DAC, then
setting the prelevel reference DAC to set the RF output to +10 dBM.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 438A Power Meter
• HP/Agilent 8482A Power Sensor
Procedure
Figure 5-26
Prelevel Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
5-30
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
Gain Adjust Calibration
Gain Adjust Calibration
Description
This test calibrates the GAIN ADJUST DAC on the output board. This DAC is used to
control the RF power level that is incident upon the switched filters and subsequent RF
amplifiers by setting the control point for the gain adjust modulator. This calibration
ensures that there will be sufficient power available at the RF amplifiers to perform the
desired modulation while minimizing intermodulation distortion when the digital
modulation is activated. After adjustment, the results are stored in the signal generator’s
firmware.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 438A Power Meter
• HP/Agilent 8482A Power Sensor
• HP/Agilent 3458A Digital Multimeter
• HP/Agilent 33120A 15 MHz Function/Arbitrary Waveform Generator
Procedure
Figure 5-27
Gain Adjust Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
5-31
Adjustments
Low Noise Floor Gain Adjust (ESG-AP and ESG-DP only)
ESG Family Signal Generators
Low Noise Floor Gain Adjust
(ESG-AP and ESG-DP only)
Description
This adjustment calibrates the gain adjust DAC on the output module for low noise floor
(LNF) mode. The instrument is set up with attenuation applied by way of the burst
modulator. This ensures that the RF chain is not in compression. The gain adjust DAC is
then set for a specific RF output power, as measured with a power meter.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 438A Power Meter
• HP/Agilent 8482A Power Sensor
Procedure
Figure 5-28
LNF Gain Adjust Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
5-32
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
ALC Modulation Driver Bias Calibration
ALC Modulation Driver Bias Calibration
Description
This test adjusts the ALC MOD DRV BIAS DAC on the output board. This DAC is used to
control the bias current to the ALC modulator driver. It is primarily used to accommodate
unmatched VBE values in the drives, but has a strong influence on modulator gain. This
test adjusts the DAC until the ALC modulator gain is balanced around its nominal design
center. The results are stored as a calibration array in the signal generator’s firmware.
Required Test Equipment
• None
Procedure
1. Preset the signal generator.
2. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
5-33
Adjustments
VBLO Mixer Bias Calibration
ESG Family Signal Generators
VBLO Mixer Bias Calibration
Description
This test calibrates the VBLO MIXER BIAS DAC on the output board. This DAC is used to
control the bias voltage to the internal marble mixers. This DAC is primarily used to
adjust the mixer bias for optimum I/Q modulation linearity, but it has a secondary
influence on mixer gain. This calibration ensures that there will be sufficient power
available through the marble mixers to perform the desired modulation while minimizing
intermodulation distortion when the digital modulation is activated. After adjustment, the
results are stored in the signal generator’s firmware.
Required Test Equipment
• None
Procedure
1. Preset the signal generator.
2. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
5-34
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
Power Level Accuracy
Power Level Accuracy
Description
This test adjusts both power flatness and power level accuracy. First the power flatness
and accuracy calibration constants are initialized to zero. Then power flatness is measured
with a power meter, and corrected, with the internal attenuator set to 0 dB. The power
meter then measures the RF output over the +13 to –15 dBm dynamic range, and
calibration constants are set to optimize power level accuracy over this range.
For power levels below −15 dBm, a vector signal analyzer is used to make relative power
measurements. A low noise amplifier (LNA) and step attenuator are connected in series to
control the absolute power level input to the signal analyzer. For power level settings
≥ −60 dBm, the step attenuator is set to approximately cancel the gain of the LNA. Below
−60 dBm, the step attenuator is set to 0 dB, which keeps the signal level well above the
signal analyzer’s noise floor.
Relative measurements are accomplished by setting the DUT amplitude. For example:
The DUT is set to a frequency and the internal step attenuator is set to 0 dB. The signal
analyzer does a peak search, sets the reference level, and sets the marker to delta mode
(0 dB). The DUT internal attenuator is set to 20 dB, and the signal analyzer makes
another measurement. The signal analyzer relative measurement should be - 20 dB. Any
variation from this value is used to set a calibration constant for the 20 dB attenuator
setting at that frequency.
To determine calibration values for internal step attenuator settings below 60 dB, the
signal analyzer makes the 0 dB marker delta measurement with the internal step
attenuator set to 60 dB, and all lower level measurements are made relative to this
reference. The previously measured error for the 60 dB setting is then accounted for in the
measurement.
For frequencies above 2 GHz, an HP/Agilent 8563E signal analyzer is used to downconvert
the frequency to 321.4 MHz.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 438A Power Meter
• HP/Agilent 8482A Power Sensor
• HP/Agilent 89441A Vector Signal
Analyzer
• HP/Agilent 8563E Option 001 Signal
Analyzer
• HP/Agilent 8491A/B Option 006 (6dB)
Attenuator
• HP/Agilent 8495G Programmable Step
Attenuator (0 to 70 dB)
• HP/Agilent 11713A Step Attenuator Driver
See page 1-4 for Details on the following:
• Low Frequency Noise Amplifier (LNA) • High Frequency Low Noise Amplifier (LNA)
Calibration Guide
5-35
Adjustments
Power Level Accuracy
ESG Family Signal Generators
Procedure
1. Connect the equipment as shown below.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Figure 5-29 High-Power, Power Level Accuracy Setup
Figure 5-30 Low-Power, Power Level Accuracy (< 10 MHz) Setup
5-36
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
Power Level Accuracy
Figure 5-31 Low-Power, Power Level Accuracy (≥ 10 MHz and ≤ 2 GHz) Setup
Figure 5-32 Low-Power, Power Level Accuracy (> 2 GHz) Setup
Calibration Guide
5-37
Adjustments
Level Meter Calibration
ESG Family Signal Generators
Level Meter Calibration
Description
This test determines the level meter gain and offset calibration constants on the output
board. The level meter function is used when the ALC loop is open. It allows the output
power of the signal generator to be monitored and controlled without using the ALC loop.
After the level meter gain and offsets are measured, a calibration constant is calculated
and stored in the appropriate calibration array.
Required Test Equipment
• None
Procedure
1. Preset the signal generator.
2. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
5-38
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
ALC Modulation Flatness Calibration
ALC Modulation Flatness Calibration
Description
This test calibrates the ALC REF DAC corrections necessary to maintain power flatness in
the ALC open-loop mode of operation. The nominal ALC REF DAC settings are adjusted to
re-align the ALC open-loop power with the desired level. The resulting values are stored as
calibration arrays in the signal generator’s firmware.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 438A Power Meter
• HP/Agilent 8482A Power Sensor
Procedure
Figure 5-33
ALC Modulation Flatness Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
5-39
Adjustments
AM Gain Calibration
ESG Family Signal Generators
AM Gain Calibration
Description
This test adjusts the gain of the AM circuitry to provide a 10 dB drop for a 1 V input signal.
First a power level is set and a one-volt signal is connected to the input. AM is enabled and
the AM DACs are adjusted for an exact 10 dB drop. The resulting DAC value is stored as a
calibration array.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 438A Power Meter
• HP/Agilent 8482A Power Sensor
• HP/Agilent 33120A 15 MHz Function/Arbitrary Waveform Generator
• HP/Agilent 3458A Digital Multimeter
Procedure
Figure 5-34
AM Gain Calibration Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
5-40
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
I/Q Gain/Offset/Quadrature Calibration (ESG-D only)
I/Q Gain/Offset/Quadrature Calibration (ESG-D only)
Description
This test determines the required I/Q gain, offset, and quadrature calibration
constants/arrays that will minimize the I/Q modulation imperfections on the output board.
Several calibration constants are determined and then the I/Q gain, offset, and quadrature
DACs are adjusted over frequency to minimize the static vector modulation errors. The
results are stored in the signal generator as calibration arrays.
Required Test Equipment
• None
Procedure
1. Preset the signal generator.
2. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
Calibration Guide
5-41
Adjustments
I/Q Impairment Adjustment (ESG-D only)
ESG Family Signal Generators
I/Q Impairment Adjustment (ESG-D only)
Description
This adjustment sets internal calibration array values to minimize errors in the I/Q
adjustments (I/Q gain, I offset, Q offset, and quadrature skew) in the I/Q menu.
NOTE
This adjustment assumes the I/Q Gain/Offset/Quadrature calibration has
already been performed.
Required Test Equipment
• None
Procedure
1. Preset the signal generator.
2. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display.
5-42
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Adjustments
Baseband Generator I/Q Gain and Offset Adjustment (ESG-A and ESG-D Options UN3 and UN4 only)
Baseband Generator I/Q Gain and Offset Adjustment
(ESG-A and ESG-D Options UN3 and UN4 only)
Description
This adjustment uses a DVM to set the baseband generator’s four potentiometers (I Gain, I
Offset, Q Gain, and Q Offset) to minimize the dc offset and set the AC voltage level to
0.5 Vpk (into 50 ohms) at the rear-panel I and Q output connectors.
Required Test Equipment
• HP/Agilent 3458A Digital Multimeter
• HP/Agilent 10100C 50Ω Feed Through
Procedure
Figure 5-35
Baseband Generator I/Q Gain and Offset Adjustment Setup
1. Connect the equipment as shown above.
2. Preset all of the equipment.
3. Follow the instructions as they appear on the controller’s display. See Figure 5-36 on
page 5-44 for the location of the adjustments.
Calibration Guide
5-43
Adjustments
ESG Family Signal Generators
Baseband Generator I/Q Gain and Offset Adjustment (ESG-A and ESG-D Options UN3 and UN4 only)
Figure 5-36
5-44
Baseband Generator I/Q Gain and Offset Adjustment Location
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
6 Maintenance and Service
This chapter contains preventive maintenance procedures, and it explains how to return a
signal generator to Agilent Technologies for service.
Calibration Guide
6-1
Maintenance and Service
Preventive Maintenance Procedures
ESG Family Signal Generators
Preventive Maintenance Procedures
The ESG Family Signal Generators require no regular maintenance. This section contains
cleaning procedures for the signal generator.
Cleaning the Cabinet
Use a damp cloth to clean the exterior of the instrument. Do not use any cleaning products.
WARNING
To prevent electrical shock, disconnect the signal generator from
mains before cleaning. Use a dry cloth or one slightly dampened with
water to clean the external case parts. Do not attempt to clean
internally.
Cleaning the Display
Use a soft cloth to clean the window in front of the display assembly. Isopropyl alcohol can
also be used on the window for dirt that is difficult to remove. Do not use these products on
the display assembly. Refer to the service guide, if the display assembly requires cleaning.
Returning a Signal Generator for Service
If you are returning your signal generator to Agilent Technologies for servicing, fill out and
attach a blue repair tag to the instrument. Repair tags are located at the end of this
chapter.
Include as much information as possible about the problem: record any error messages
that appeared on the display, and include performance test results or any other specific
data on the performance of the signal generator.
Ship the instrument in the original factory packaging materials, if they are available. If
not, use similar packaging to properly protect the instrument.
Return the instrument to the nearest Agilent Technologies sales and service office. A list of
sales and service offices follows on the next page.
6-2
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Maintenance and Service
Sales and Service Offices
Sales and Service Offices
Table 6-1 Sales and Service Offices
UNITED STATES
Instrument Support Center
Agilent Technologies
(800) 403-0801
EUROPEAN FIELD OPERATIONS
Headquarters
Agilent Technologies S.A.
150, Route du Nant-d’Avril
1217 Meyrin 2/ Geneva
Switzerland
(41 22) 780.8111
France
Agilent Technologies France
1 Avenue Du Canada
Zone D’Activite De Courtaboeuf
F-91947 Les Ulis Cedex
France
(33 1) 69 82 60 60
Germany
Agilent Technologies GmbH
Agilent Technologies Strasse
61352 Bad Homburg v.d.H
Germany
(49 6172) 16-0
Great Britain
Agilent Technologies
Eskdale Road, Winnersh Triangle
Wokingham, Berkshire RG41 5DZ
England
(44 118) 9696622
INTERCON FIELD OPERATIONS
Headquarters
Agilent Technologies
3495 Deer Creek Rd.
Palo Alto, CA 94304-1316
USA
(650) 857-5027
Australia
Agilent Technologies Australia
31-41 Joseph Street
Blackburn, Victoria 3130
(61 3) 895-2895
Canada
Agilent Technologies Canada
17500 South Service Road
Trans-Canada Highway
Kirkland, Quebec H9J 2X8
Canada
(514) 697-4232
Japan
Agilent Technologies Japan
Measurement Assistance Center
9-1 Takakura-Cho, Hachioji
Tokyo 192, Japan
TEL (81) -426-56-7832
FAX (81) -426-56-7840
Singapore
Agilent Technologies Singapore (Pte.)
150 Beach Road
#29-00 Gateway West
Singapore 0718
(65) 291-9088
Taiwan
Agilent Technologies Taiwan
8th Floor, H-P Building
337 Fu Hsing North Road
Taipei, Taiwan
(886 2) 712-0404
China
China Agilent Technologies
38 Bei San Huan X1 Road
Shuang Yu Shu
Hai Dian District
Beijing, China
(86 1) 256-6888
Calibration Guide
6-3
Maintenance and Service
Sales and Service Offices
6-4
ESG Family Signal Generators
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
7 Safety and Regulatory
This chapter provides product warranty information, regulatory declarations, information
about ESD and restricted materials, and explanations of caution and warning statements
marked on the instrument.
Calibration Guide
7-1
Safety and Regulatory
Safety Notes
ESG Family Signal Generators
Safety Notes
The following safety notes are used throughout this manual. Familiarize yourself with
each of the notes and its meaning before operating this instrument.
CAUTION
Caution denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a procedure that, if not
correctly performed or adhered to, would result in damage to or destruction of
the product. Do not proceed beyond a caution sign until the indicated
conditions are fully understood and met.
WARNING
Warning denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a procedure which, if
not correctly performed or adhered to, could result in injury or loss
of life. Do not proceed beyond a warning note until the indicated
conditions are fully understood and met.
7-2
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Safety and Regulatory
Instrument Markings
Instrument Markings
The following markings and caution and warning labels are used on the instrument. Be
sure to observe all cautions and warnings.
WARNING
No user serviceable parts inside. Refer servicing to qualified
personnel.
The instruction manual symbol. The product is
marked with this symbol when it is necessary for the
user to refer to the instructions in the manual.
The CE mark is a registered trademark of the
European Community (if accompanied by a year, it is
the year when the design was proven).
The CSA mark is the Canadian Standards Association
safety mark.
The C-Tick Mark is a trademark registered to the
Australian Communications Authority and indicates
compliance with the standard which limits
electromagnetic radiation from computing hardware.
This symbol is used to mark the on position of the
power line switch.
This symbol is used to mark the standby position of
the power line switch.
This symbol indicates that the input power required is
AC.
ISM 1-A
Calibration Guide
This is a symbol of an Industrial Scientific and
Medical Group 1 Class A product. (CISPER 11, Clause
4)
7-3
Safety and Regulatory
General Safety Considerations
ESG Family Signal Generators
General Safety Considerations
WARNING
No operator serviceable parts inside. Refer servicing to qualified
personnel. To prevent electrical shock do not remove covers.
WARNING
This is a Safety Class 1 Product (provided with a protective earthing
ground incorporated in the power cord). The mains plug shall only
be inserted in a socket outlet provided with a protective earth
contact. Any interruption of the protective conductor inside or
outside of the product is likely to make the product dangerous.
Intentional interruption is prohibited.
7-4
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Safety and Regulatory
Statement of Compliance
Statement of Compliance
This product has been designed and tested in accordance with IEC Publication 1010,
Safety Requirements for Electronic Measuring Apparatus, and has been supplied in a safe
condition. The instruction documentation contains information and warnings which must
be followed by the user to ensure safe operation and to maintain the product in a safe
condition.
Calibration Guide
7-5
Safety and Regulatory
Electrostatic Discharge
ESG Family Signal Generators
Electrostatic Discharge
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage or destroy electronic components. Therefore, all
work performed on assemblies consisting of electronic components should be done at a
static-free work station. Figure 7-1 shows an example of a static-safe work station using
two kinds of ESD protection:
• conductive table mat and wrist-strap combination
• conductive floor mat and heel-strap combination
These methods may be used together or separately.
Figure 7-1 Static-Safe Work Station
Reducing Potential for ESD Damage
The following suggestions may help reduce ESD damage that occurs during instrument
testing and servicing:
• Before connecting any coaxial cable to a connector for the first time each day,
momentarily ground the center and outer connectors of the cable.
• Ground personnel with a resistor-isolated wrist strap before touching any connector
and before removing any assembly from the instrument.
• All instruments should be earth-grounded to prevent build-up of static discharge.
7-6
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Safety and Regulatory
Warranty
Warranty
This Agilent Technologies instrument product is warranted against defects in material
and workmanship for a period of three years from date of shipment. During the warranty
period, Agilent Technologies will, at its option, either repair or replace products which
prove to be defective.
For warranty service or repair, this product must be returned to a service facility
designated by Agilent Technologies. Buyer shall prepay shipping charges to Agilent
Technologies and Agilent Technologies shall pay shipping charges to return the product to
Buyer. However, Buyer shall pay all shipping charges, duties, and taxes for products
returned to Agilent Technologies from another country.
Agilent Technologies warrants that its software and firmware designated by Agilent
Technologies for use with an instrument will execute its programming instructions when
properly installed on that instrument. Agilent Technologies does not warrant that the
operation of the instrument, or software, or firmware will be uninterrupted or error-free.
LIMITATION OF WARRANTY
The foregoing warranty shall not apply to defects resulting from improper or inadequate
maintenance by Buyer, Buyer-supplied software or interfacing, unauthorized modification
or misuse, operation outside of the environmental specifications for the product, or
improper site preparation or maintenance.
NO OTHER WARRANTY IS EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES
SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
EXCLUSIVE REMEDIES
THE REMEDIES PROVIDED HEREIN ARE BUYER’S SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
REMEDIES. AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT,
INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER
BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT, OR ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY.
Calibration Guide
7-7
Safety and Regulatory
Assistance
ESG Family Signal Generators
Assistance
Product maintenance agreements and other customer assistance agreements are available
for Agilent Technologies products. For any assistance, contact your nearest Agilent
Technologies sales and service office. (See “Sales and Service Offices” on page 6-3.)
7-8
Calibration Guide
ESG Family Signal Generators
Safety and Regulatory
Certification
Certification
Agilent Technologies certifies that this product met its published specifications at the time
of shipment from the factory. Agilent Technologies further certifies that its calibration
measurements are traceable to the United States National Institute of Standards and
Technology, to the extent allowed by the Institute’s calibration facility, and to the
calibration facilities of other International Standards Organization members.
Calibration Guide
7-9
Safety and Regulatory
Certification
7-10
ESG Family Signal Generators
Calibration Guide
Index
A
AC symbol, 7-3
add/remove programs, 3-5
adding datapacks, 3-17
adjustments, 5-1
ALC modulation driver bias, 5-33
ALC modulation flatness, 5-39
AM audio path offset, 5-11
AM gain, 5-40
analog bus ADC, 5-5
baseband generator I/Q gain and offset, 5-43
burst audio path gain, 5-28
burst modulator, 5-27
DCFM, 5-24
external input peak detector, 5-26
FM 1/2 path ratio gain, 5-17
FM delay potentiometer, 5-20
FM in-band DAC offset, 5-15
FM inverting amplifier offset, 5-16
FM out-of-band, 5-19
FM path offset, 5-14
FM scale DAC offset, 5-13
FM/PM OB cal and delay potentiometer, 5-22
FM/PM YO frequency compensation calibration,
5-23
gain adjust, 5-31
I/Q gain/offset/quadrature, 5-41
I/Q impairment, 5-42
internal reference oscillator, 5-4
internal source, 5-7
KV versus frequency, 5-10
level meter, 5-38
LNF gain adjust, 5-32
lock angle potentiometer, 5-9
low frequency output, 5-25
modulation source relative gain compression, 5-18
power level accuracy, 5-35
prelevel, 5-29, 5-30
pretune calibration, 5-6
relationships between adjustments, 5-2
timebase DAC, 5-12
VBLO mixer bias, 5-34
VCO bias potentiometer, 5-8
wide bandwidth phase modulation, 5-21
administration configuration
service software, 3-7
administration of service software, 3-6
ALC
calibrations
modulation driver bias, 5-33
modulation flatness, 5-39
power level accuracy (4-point fit), 5-35
alternate timeslot power settling time performance
test, 4-35
Index
AM
accuracy, 4-10
AM accuracy check, 2-8
AM audio path offset calibration, 5-11
AM frequency response performance test, 4-14
AM gain calibration, 5-40
analog bus ADC calibration, 5-5
analyzer
audio, 1-2
spectrum, 1-2
vector signal, 1-2
arbitrary waveform generator, 1-3
assistance, 7-8
attenuator, 1-3
audio analyzer, 1-2
automatic leveling control calibration, 5-35
B
baseband generator I/Q gain and offset adjustment,
5-43
burst audio path gain calibration, 5-28
burst modulation on/off ratio performance test, 4-33
burst modulator calibration, 5-27
C
calibration cycle, 4-2
calibration due date, 3-9
calibration tracking number, 3-9
calibration type, 3-9
Canadian Standards Association, 7-3
carrier frequency offset, 4-17
caution sign, 7-2
CDMA adjacent channel power performance test,
4-34
CE mark, 7-3
certification, 7-9
specifications, 7-9
choose destination location screen, 3-3
compliance
statement of, 7-5
configuring the software, 3-6
counter
universal, 1-3
CSA mark, 7-3
custom I/Q RF modulation quality performance test,
4-29
D
datapacks
adding, 3-17
I-1
Index
datapacks (Continued)
removing, 3-19
DCFM calibration, 5-24
DCFM frequency offset relative to CW performance
test, 4-17
destination folder, 3-3
device drivers
adding, 3-12
device type, 3-8
digital
multimeter, 1-3
oscilloscope, 1-2
digital modulation level accuracy performance test,
4-27
digitizing oscilloscope, 1-2
drivers
device, 3-12
test
adding, 3-14
removing, 3-17
dual arbitrary waveform generator check, 4-42
DUT
identifying, 3-7, 3-21
DUT selection window, 4-4
E
electrostatic discharge, 7-6
reducing potential for damage, 7-6
equipment required
adjustments, 1-2
performance tests, 1-2
service software, 3-2
verification procedures, 2-2
equipment serial number
in software, 3-9
error messages
check for, 2-3
ESD, 7-6
European Community trademark, 7-3
exiting service software, 3-27
exiting support software, 4-8
external input peak detector calibration, 5-26
F
FM, 4-9
accuracy, 4-9
residual performance test, 4-18
FM 1/2 path ratio gain calibration, 5-17
FM accuracy check, 2-7
I-2
FM delay potentiometer adjustment, 5-20
FM frequency response, 4-13
FM in-band DAC offset calibration, 5-15
FM inverting amplifier offset calibration, 5-16
FM out-of-band calibration, 5-19
FM path offset calibration, 5-14
FM scale DAC offset calibration, 5-13
FM/PM OB cal and delay potentiometer, 5-22
FM/PM YO frequency compensation calibration, 5-23
Frac-N/Divider assembly check, 4-45
frequency
standard, 1-2
frequency offset, 4-17
frequency range and accuracy check, 2-3
function generator, 1-3
G
gain adjust calibration, 5-31
generator
arbitrary waveform, 1-3
function, 1-3
signal, 1-2
GPIB
interface card, 1-3
GPIB address
in software, 3-9
H
harmonic spurious signals, 4-20
harmonic, subharmonic, and nonharmonic spurious
signals performance test, 4-20
I
I/Q gain/offset/quadrature calibration, 5-41
I/Q impairment adjustment, 5-42
I/Q modulation check, 2-9
I/Q modulation quality performance test, 4-31
identifying the DUT, 3-7, 3-21
IEC Publication 1010, 7-5
important information screen, 3-3
info file, 3-4
installation
service software, 3-3
instruction manual symbol, 7-3
instrument markings, 7-3
interface card, 1-3
internal
timebase, 4-24
Index
Index
internal AM accuracy and distortion test, 4-10
internal digital modulation quality performance test,
4-28
internal reference oscillator adjustment, 5-4
internal source calibration, 5-7
ISM 1-A symbol, 7-3
K
KV versus frequency calibration, 5-10
L
level meter calibration, 5-38
list, 4-5
lock angle potentiometer adjustment, 5-9
low frequency output calibration, 5-25
low noise floor (LNF) gain adjust, 5-32
M
main test and results window, 4-7
maintenance agreements, 7-8
maintenance and service, 6-1
maintenance procedures
cleaning the cabinet, 6-2
cleaning the display, 6-2
measuring receiver, 1-2
meter
power, 1-3
mixer, 1-3
modulation, 4-2
burst on/off ratio performance test, 4-33
internal digital quality performance test, 4-28
modulation source relative gain compression
calibration, 5-18
multimeter digital, 1-3
N
new test equipment window, 3-9
nonharmonic spurious signals, 4-20
O
operation verification, 2-1
option 1E6
pulse rise/fall time test, 4-36
oscilloscope
digital, 1-2
digitizing, 1-2
plug-in, 1-2
Index
output power level check, 2-4
P
password
service software, 3-20
performance tests
alternate timeslot power settling time, 4-35
AM frequency response, 4-14
burst modulation on/off ratio, 4-33
CDMA adjacent channel power, 4-34
custom I/Q RF modulation quality, 4-29
DCFM frequency offset relative to CW, 4-17
digital modulation level accuracy, 4-27
dual arbitrary waveform generator check, 4-42
FM frequency response, 4-13
Frac-N/Divider assembly check, 4-45
GSM loopback BER check, 4-44
harmonic, subharmonic, and nonharmonic spurious
signals, 4-20
I/Q modulation quality, 4-31
internal AM accuracy and distortion, 4-10
internal digital modulation quality, 4-28
internal FM accuracy and distortion, 4-9
list, 4-5
measuring phase noise and residual FM, 4-37
modulation source frequency accuracy, 4-2
phase modulation accuracy and distortion, 4-12
phase modulation frequency response, 4-16
power level accuracy, 4-21
pulse modulation on/off ratio, 4-32
pulse rise/fall time (option 1E6), 4-36
records, 4-2, 4-46, 4-47
residual FM, 4-18
sampler/YO driver check, 4-45
timebase aging rate, 4-2, 4-24
phase modulation accuracy and distortion
performance test, 4-12
phase modulation frequency response performance
test, 4-16
plug-in, oscilloscope, 1-2
power
meter, 1-3
sensor, 1-3
power flatness calibration, 5-35
power level accuracy performance test, 4-21
power on symbol, 7-3
prelevel calibration, 5-29, 5-30
pretune calibration, 5-6
preventive maintenance procedures, 6-2
printer, 1-3
printing test results, 4-8
I-3
Index
pulse modulation on/off ratio performance test, 4-32
pulse rise/fall time performance test, 4-36
Q
QSPK modulation, 4-27
R
readme file, 3-4
receiver
measuring, 1-2
recommended test equipment, 4-2
records, 2-10, 4-2, 4-46, 4-47, 4-48
removing datapacks, 3-19
removing test drivers, 3-17
removing test equipment, 3-10
required test equipment
adjustments, 1-2
performance tests, 1-2
service software, 3-2
verification procedures, 2-2
residual FM performance test, 4-18
returning your signal generator, 6-2
running tests and adjustments
service software, 3-25
running the performance tests, 4-3
S
safety, 7-1
sales and service offices, 6-3
sampler/YO driver check performance test, 4-45
save as window, 4-6
saving test results, 4-6
service software, 3-24
select test equipment and tests window, 4-5
sensor, 1-3
serial number
in software, 3-9
service software, 3-1
adding test equipment, 3-8
equipment required, 3-2
installing, 3-3
password, 3-7, 3-20
running, 3-20
starting, 3-20
uninstalling, 3-5
user name, 3-20
signal generator, 1-2
returning, 6-2
I-4
software
adding test equipment, 3-8
administration, 3-6
administration configuration, 3-7
configuration, 3-6
equipment required, 3-2
exiting, 3-27
GPIB address, 3-9
installing, 3-3
password, 3-7, 3-20
printing test results, 3-27
running, 3-20
running adjustments, 3-25
running tests, 3-25
saving test results, 3-24
selecting test equipment, 3-22
service, 3-1
uninstalling, 3-5
user configuration, 3-7
user name, 3-20
viewing test results, 3-26
software, support, 4-3
spectrum analyzer, 1-2
spurious signals, 4-20
standby symbol, 7-3
starting the software, 3-20
statement of compliance, 7-5
static-safe work station, 7-6
subharmonic spurious signals, 4-20
support software, 4-3
exiting, 4-8
T
tables
verification procedures, 2-10
test drivers
adding, 3-14
removing, 3-17
window, 3-14
test equipment
adjustments, 1-2
editing, 3-11
list, 4-5
performance tests, 1-2
recommended, 4-2
removing, 3-10
service software, 3-2
verification procedures, 2-2
test equipment dialog box, 3-8, 3-10
test equipment drivers dialog box, 3-14
Index
Index
test equipment selection
service software, 3-22
test records, 4-2, 4-46, 4-47, 4-48
test results
printing, 3-27, 4-8
saving, 4-6
viewing, 3-26
test tables, 2-10
timebase aging rate, 4-2
timebase aging rate performance test, 4-24
timebase DAC calibration, 5-12
trace number, 3-9
U
uninstalling the software, 3-5
universal counter, 1-3
user configuration
service software, 3-7
user information window, 4-3
user name
service software, 3-20
V
VBLO mixer bias calibration, 5-34
VCO bias potentiometer adjustment, 5-8
vector signal analyzer, 1-2
verification procedure tables, 2-10
verification procedures, 2-2
test tables/records, 2-10
verifying operation, 2-1
W
warning sign, 7-2
warranty, 7-7
waveform generator, 1-3
welcome screen, 3-3
wide bandwidth phase modulation calibration, 5-21
window
DUT, 4-4
main test and results, 4-7
save as, 4-6
select test equipment and tests, 4-5
user information, 4-3
Y
YO
sampler driver check performance test, 4-45
Index
I-5
Index
I-6
Index
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