pco.dimax cs pco.
user manual
pco.dimax cs
pco.
PCO asks you to carefully read this manual before using the
pco.dimax cs camera system and follow the instructions.
In case of any questions or comments, please contact us at PCO.
telephone
+49 (0) 9441 2005 50
fax
+49 (0) 9441 2005 20
email
[email protected]
postal address
PCO AG
Donaupark 11
93309 Kelheim, Germany
The cover photo shows an exemplary PCO camera system.
The lens is sold separately.
Copyright © 2016 PCO AG (called PCO in the following text), Kelheim,
Germany. All rights reserved. PCO assumes no responsibility for errors or
omissions in these materials. These materials are provided as is without
warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, including but not limited to,
the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or
non-infringement. PCO further does not warrant the accuracy or
completeness of the information, text, graphics, links or other items
contained within these materials. PCO shall not be liable for any special,
indirect, incidental, or consequential damages, including without limitation,
lost revenues or lost profits, which may result from the use of these materials.
The information is subject to change without notice and does not represent a
commitment on the part of PCO in the future. PCO hereby authorizes you to
copy documents for non – commercial use within your organization only. In
consideration of this authorization, you agree that any copy of these
documents, which you make, shall retain all copyright and other proprietary
notices contained herein. Each individual document published by PCO may
contain other proprietary notices and copyright information relating to that
individual document. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as
conferring by implication or otherwise any license or right under any patent or
trademark of PCO or any third party. Except as expressly provided, above
nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring any license or right
under any PCO copyright. Note that any product, process, or technology in
this document may be the subject of other intellectual property rights
reserved by PCO, and may not be licensed hereunder.
Released August 2016 © PCO AG
pco.dimax cs user manual V1.03 © PCO AG, Germany
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION
5
1.1 INTENDED USE
6
1.2 REASONABLE FORESEEABLE MISUSE
6
2. SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
7
3. SYSTEM COMPONENTS
8
4. INSTALLATION
9
4.1 NVIDIA CUDA DRIVER
9
4.2 GIGE DRIVER
10
4.3 CAMWARE
11
5. QUICK START
12
5.1 PREPARATION
12
5.2 START
12
5.3 YOUR FIRST IMAGE
13
6. CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
14
6.1 INTRODUCTION
14
6.2 CAMERA OVERVIEW / LIST
15
6.3 CAMERA PROPERTIES
17
6.3.1 TIMING
18
6.3.2 IMAGE SIZE
22
6.3.3 SENSOR CONTROL
23
6.3.4 MEMORY
24
6.3.5 RECORDING CONTROL
24
6.3.6 I/O SIGNALS TAB
28
6.3.7 CONVERT CONTROL
30
6.4 IMAGE OVERLAY
32
6.5 RECORDER TOOLS
33
6.6 VIEW WINDOW
35
6.7 RECORDER (IMAGES)
36
6.8 SETTINGS OVERVIEW
38
6.8.1 AUTO SAVE
6.9 CAMWARE FEATURES
39
41
6.9.1 DEMO MODE
41
6.9.2 FILE MENU
42
6.9.3 CAMERA MENU
44
6.9.4 ACQUISITION MENU
45
6.9.5 VIEW MENU
45
6.9.6 WINDOW MENU
46
6.9.7 HELP MENU
46
6.9.8 RIGHT-CLICK MENU
47
6.9.9 ADDITIONAL FEATURES
49
3
APPENDIX
50
A1 TECHNICAL DATA
51
A1.1 DATA SHEET
51
A1.2 REVERSE WITH CAPTION
52
A1.3 DIMENSIONS
53
A1.4 MOUNTING
55
A2 GIGABIT ETHERNET INTERFACE
56
A2.1 QUICK INSTALLATION GUIDE
56
A2.1.1 CABLE LENGTH
57
A2.1.2 ACTIVATING/DEACTIVATING (WIN7/8)
57
A2.2 NETWORK INTERFACE CARD (NIC)
58
A2.2.1 SINGLE CAMERA
59
A2.2.2 SEVERAL CAMERA SYSTEMS
59
A2.2.3 NETWORK ENVIRONMENT/PATCH CABLE
60
A2.3 CALIBRATION TOOL
61
A2.3.1 FIRMWARE WARNING
61
A2.3.2 NETWORK AND PACKET DELAY
62
A2.3.3 JUMBO PACKETS / BUFFER SETTINGS
62
A2.3.4 SET CAMERA IP ADDRESS & SUBNET MASK 63
A2.3.5 IMAGE TRANSFER DATA RATE
64
A2.3.6 CAMERA TEST
64
A2.3.7 TOOL TIPS
65
A2.3.8 HELP GUIDE
65
A2.4 PERFORMANCE
A3 ACCESSORIES
66
67
A3.1 BREAKOUT CABLE
67
A3.2 EXTENSION BOX
67
A3.3 CHANGE F-MOUNT TO C-MOUNT / FOCAL DIST. 69
A4 IMAGE FILE FORMATS
70
A5 CUSTOMER SERVICE
72
A5.1 SERVICE
72
A5.2 MAINTENANCE
72
A5.3 RECYCLING
72
A5.4 LOGFILE / SUPPORT FILE
73
A5.5 TROUBLE SHOOTING
74
A6 INDEX
75
ABOUT PCO
76
4
1 INTRODUCTION
1. INTRODUCTION
High-speed meets high resolution.
This high-speed 12 bit CMOS camera series comprises advanced
CMOS and electronics technology. It is perfectly suited for highspeed camera applications such as material testing, board crash and
sled or impact tests or super slow motion movie clips. The camera
systems feature also a variety of trigger options to cover all off-board
and on-board applications that have been required by the automotive
industry.
The camera’s main features are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
pco.dimax cs1
pco.dimax cs3
pco.dimax cs4
Maximum resolution
(pixel)
1296x1024
1920x1440
2016x2016
Maximum speed
@full resolution (fps)
3086
1603
1102
12 bit dynamic range
Color or monochrome image sensor versions available
Correlated Double Imaging for superior image quality
Exposure time range 1.5 μs - 40 ms
Integrated image memory (RAM 9 GB)
Double shutter operation (optional)
Gigabit Ethernet (GigE) data interface
HD-SDI video output
Multiple trigger interface
IRIG-B (unmodulated) from B000 to B007 and B120 to B127
Example areas of Application
• automobile crash tests
• high-speed particle image
velocimetry (PIV)
• short time physics
• spray analysis
• material testing
• tensile tests
• airbag inflation
• fast flow visualization
5
•
•
•
•
hydrodynamics
fuel injection
combustions imaging
semiconductor quality
control
• fast events in nature and
industry
• super slow motion movie
clips
• ballistics
1.1 INTENDED USE
This camera system is designed for use by technicians, engineers
and scientists. It is a scientific measuring instrument, which provides
images. The camera can be used for applications with acceleration
forces of up to 150G. The camera may only be used according to the
instructions of this manual. The disclosures and operating conditions
in these operating instructions installation must be respected.
Unauthorized modifications and changes of the device are forbidden
for safety reasons.
1.2 REASONABLE FORESEEABLE MISUSE
Overstress: It is not allowed to use the camera for applications with
acceleration forces higher than 150G.
Temperature: It is not allowed to use the camera outside the
specified temperature range.
Uses of lenses during onboard tests: only special C-mount lenses
(for HighG applications) are permitted. F-mount lenses must not be
used.
Accessoires: It is not allowed to use the PCO Accessoires for for
HighG applications. The Extension box and the breakout cable must
not be used for HighG applications.
Open: Do not open the camera. Warranty is void if camera is opened.
6
2 SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
2. SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Please read the safety instructions completely.
DANGER
DAMAGED POWER CABLE OR POWER PLUG
Danger to life due to electrical shock!
 Each time the camera is used, check the power cable for
damage.
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK WARNING DUE TO VOLTAGE PARTS INSIDE
Risk of injury due to electrical shock!
 Never slide any items through slits or holes into the camera.
CAUTION
CONDENSATION
Risk of injury due to electric shock if condensation enters the
camera.
 To avoid the risk of water condensation, protect the camera
against extreme changes of ambient temperature.
CAUTION
TRIPPING HAZARD
Risk of injury from tripping over loose cables.
 Never position the cable in a way that it could become a
tripping hazard.
NOTICE
HUMID OR DUSTY ENVIRONMENTS
Humidity, dust or X-rays could damage the camera.
 Never operate the camera in humid or dusty environments
or in places with high amounts of X-ray radiation.
NOTICE
SHOCK & VIBRATION
To prevent damage to the camera, the system must be kept stable
and protected against strong jolts or vibrations.
 Use the mounting threads of the camera to mount the
camera stable.
NOTICE
LENS MOUNTING
Do not force the lens onto the camera.
 To protect the lens connector thread from damage, use
minimal force when attaching a lens to the camera.
NOTICE
LIQUIDS DAMAGE CAMERA
If liquids have penetrated the device.
 Immediately switch off the camera, separate it from power
line and contact our customer support.
NOTICE
DAMAGED CAMERA HOUSING
If the camera has been dropped or the casing is damaged.
 Immediately switch off the camera, separate it from power
line and contact our customer support.
NOTICE
IF CAMERA IS NOT WORKING PROPERLY
If, after thoroughly reviewing the instruction manual, the device is still
not operating properly.
 Immediately switch off the camera, separate it from power
line and contact our customer support.
7
3. SYSTEM COMPONENTS
The camera system includes the following parts.
Camera Head
F-mount + C-mount (exchangeable) optical connection:
Rear Panel Connections (see A1.2)
Battery / Lens Controller
LEDs indicate camera status
Lemo Connector (Power - GigE - Trigger – Sync In/out – Stat out)
Breakout cable
RJ45 Cat6, BNC Sync In, BNC Trig In, XLR power
see chapter A3.1
Extension Box (optional)
see chapter A3.3
Power Supply
In: 100-240V AC 50-60Hz, 1.4A max. Out: 24V DC 2.71A
Power Cord
Standard IEC13 connector
Digital Camera Tools (USB storage device content)
•
•
•
•
Camware: software for camera control & image acquisition
Manuals
Driver & tools
Software development kit (SDK) & demo programs in C and C++
8
4 INSTALLATION
4. INSTALLATION
You will find all necessary files on the accompanying USB flash drive.
You may also download the newest versions of our software, camera
driver and third party software drivers from our website.
Minimum system requirements:
•
•
•
•
•
Clock speed > 2.4 GHz (Intel Core i7)
RAM 4 GB
Windows 7 or higher (no server version)
Full-HD display
Gigabit Ethernet GigE (1000 Mbps network interface card)
4.1 NVIDIA CUDA DRIVER
1
Please update your NVIDIA driver for Camware 4. In case of an old
driver version GPU Processing is not working. Therefore image
processing is slow.
Please check if GPU Processing is activated by
having a look into the Proc config settings 2 in
the Convert Control window 1 (see Convert
Control chapter 6.3.7).
2
If GPU Processing is disabled and shown grayed, please update
your NVIDIA driver or check the website of the computer
manufacturer for graphic card driver updates. Your NVIDIA driver
version must be at least 333.11 or higher.
9
4.2 GIGE DRIVER
NOTE
If installer fails, please
use uninstaller, remove
all old files and then try
again.
First install the PCO GigE driver to your computer, which is to be
found on the attached usb flash drive or on the PCO website.
Before installing, you have to remove previously installed GigE
driver. The installer will do this for you. Or open control panel →
programs and functions → and uninstall PCO GigE driver.
•1
•2
•3
•4
•5
Then start the GigE driver setup and follow the instructions.
Choose installation directory.
Now GigE driver installation is completed.
Please reboot your computer to complete the installation.
Start Calib Tool see A2
1
2
3
4
5
NOTE
This installation process installs both
drivers: Gen2 and the former Gen1 V3.1
allowing former GigE cameras to run
properly.
10
4 INSTALLATION
4.3 CAMWARE
The Camware Windows application software enables you to control
every camera parameter or setting. Images can be displayed on a
monitor and may be downloaded and stored. The enclosed USB
storage device contains installation files for the software for latest
Windows operating systems in 32 & 64 bit.
After a successful installation, you will find the program file Digital
Camera Toolbox in your program directory and a Camware 32/64
button on your desktop. Other helpful tools are also installed in the
same directory.
To uninstall the Camware program, please use the Software feature
under Windows’ System Control.
Please follow the installation wizard
•1
Install Camware as Admin to install to program folder, otherwise
it will be installed only to user folder
•2 Then choose install directory
•3
Choose components: Select additional drivers for CameraLink
interface
•4
After the next two screens installation is complete.
1
2
3
4
11
5. QUICK START
In order to get familiar with your new camera and software it might be
helpful, if you first aim at an object that is easy to focus and that can
be seen at standard light conditions.
5.1 PREPARATION
•
Computer is turned on
• Installation is finished (see chapter 4)
• An appropriate lens is attached (remove cap) or the camera is
attached properly to the microscope, spectrograph or other
scientific device
• Camera is connected to the computer and switched on
• Camera is connected to the power supply and ready
(one Beep: after 5 to 20s camera is booted )
5.2 START
Start Camware and the graphical user interface will start up:
NOTE
Always install latest Camware version to get access to the full
functionality of your pco camera.
12
5 QUICK START
5.3 YOUR FIRST IMAGE
2 3
Please follow the instructions:
1
• Camware must be started. 1
• A view window 2 is shown automatically, if not open a new one.
• Start live preview. 3
• Right-click into the view window and apply Auto Range Peak. 4
• You may adjust exposure time 5 , aperture and focus.
4
•
Now you should clearly 6 see the object in the window.
5
6
If you need to change
exposure time (e.g. the image
is still either too dark or too
bright), please go to chapter
6.3.2.
If you want to record and save
images, please see chapter
6.3.7 and chapter 6.6 for
detailed information.
NOTE
Live preview: Useful for fast and easy camera adjustment and
focusing. Does not record and store images.
13
6. CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
PCO’s Camware is excellent software for camera control,
image acquisition and archiving of images in various file
formats. This chapter provides a detailed description of
all Camware functions.
Camware works with any kind of PCO camera. Please
see PCO website for the latest version of this software.
6.1 INTRODUCTION
Chapter 6.2 Camera Overview / List: shows all connected cameras
and all set recording profiles
Chapter 6.3 describes the Camera Properties window. This is the
main interface for all camera settings.
6.3.1 TIMING
6.3.2 IMAGE SIZE
6.3.3 SENSOR CONTROL
6.3.4 MEMORY
6.3.5 RECORDING CONTROL
6.3.6 I/O SIGNALS TAB
6.3.7 CONVERT CONTROL
Timing /Trigger modes/
synchronization
ROI / Sensor format / Binning
CDI / Double shutter / Temperature
Camera Internal memory (RAM)
Recorder Acquire Mode /
Timestamp / Sequence trigger
Input and Output Possibilities
Contrast, Saturation, Gamma…
Chapter 6.5/ 6.6 /6.7 describe the recording functions
6.4 IMAGE OVERLAY
6.5 RECORDER TOOLS
6.6 VIEW WINDOW
6.7 RECORDER (IMAGES)
6.8 SETTINGS OVERVIEW
Overlay for recorded images
Record / Play and Settings
View window functions
Preview of recorded images
Overview of all property settings
Chapter 6.9 introduces to further Camware features:
6.9.1 DEMO MODE
6.9.2 FILE MENU
6.9.3 CAMERA MENU
6.9.4 ACQUISITION MENU
6.9.5 VIEW MENU
6.9.6 WINDOW MENU
6.9.8 HELP MENU
6.9.8 RIGHT-CLICK MENU
6.9.9 ADDITIONAL FEATURES
14
If no camera is connected
Open, Save and Print files; Direct
record to file
Camera control: Settings; Rescan…
Live preview; Acquire sequence;
Rec. memory settings; Recorder
settings
B/W or Color window; Convert
Control
Cascade; Tile; Arrange; Close all
Support, Log file, About Camware
Zoom; Flip; Mirror; Rotate…
White Balance, Contrast, ROI by
Mouse, Short-cut list
6 CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
6.2 CAMERA OVERVIEW / LIST
If closed, the Camera Overview window
can be opened by selecting the View tab
and Toolbars and Docking Windows →
Camera Overview. 1
1
3
4 5
2
6
The Camera Overview window allows you to manage several
connected cameras. It displays a list of all connected PCO
cameras. Camware is able to scan 22 for connected cameras or
close a connected camera. It is possible to define several
different Settings for each camera (max. 30 sets per camera →
add new set 3 ).
New view windows 4 can be opened and the Live Preview 5
function can be started. When unfolded, the Preview shows a
small preview window 6 (always monochrome) integrated in the
camera list.
Live preview enables the adjustment of adjust aperture and
focus and to have a first look at your object.
During Live preview Trigger and Acquire mode are set to Auto.
Camera Setting: All Preferences that have been made in the
Camera Properties (see 6.3) are saved to Camera Settings. Define
different Settings with different Preferences in Camera Properties
for each of your experiments. Settings can be switched easily at any
time (not during record) and can be copied to other cameras.
Link Preview Set to ‘Preview’
When Link Preview Set to Preview is activated the Preview set
with its parameters will always be active when you start a Live
Preview 55 .
In case this function is deactivated, the Live Preview will always
show live images with the parameters of your active setting.
Setting a higher exposure time for Preview set and linking it to
the preview function can be a great advantage if preview light
conditions are different from those in recording situations.
15
Click and drag camera setting: if you want to copy e.g. Camera
Setting 1 to Camera Setting 4, just drag & drop Setting 1 to
Setting 4 and Camware will ask if want to copy the settings. It is
possible to copy each setting to every camera.
Master Sets
This function facilitates the image acqusition with multiple
cameras. Define two or more Master Sets to switch during an
experiment very easily between different predefined settings for
each camera. Each image acquisition or experiment can be
recorded with its own Master Set.
To display Master Sets, please right-click in the Camera
Overview window and click Show Master Sets.
1
3
2
Master Set window
Define different Master Sets. Select individual Camera Settings
within each Master Set.
Functions:
Add Master Set 1 or Remove active master 2 .
Put it to active status by clicking on one of your sets 3 .
16
6 CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
6.3 CAMERA PROPERTIES
The Camera Properties window in Camware is the main interface for
all camera settings. The active set in Camera list can be adjusted
here.
The former main instance Camera Control (known from Camware
3.x) and the Convert Control (see 6.3.7) can be opened additionally.
Three view options with various functions can be selected: Standard,
Custom and Expert.
1
3
2
4
Standard mode 11only shows camera name, type, set, serial number
and exposure time. It is recommended for new Camware users.
Custom mode 2 shows several more setting possibilities and
functions can be hidden or shown by the Custom Properties
Button. 4
Additional to the standard mode many more options are selectable.
Expert mode 3 (for advanced users) shows all possible camera
property settings.
An explanation for every feature is displayed below the properties
dialog.
17
6.3.1 TIMING
General Information
The most important parameter for a high-speed camera is the
frame rate. The upper limit of the frame rate is defined by the
exposure time and the readout time.
In this context trigger means exposure trigger, i.e. the trigger
signal controls the exposure of a single image.
Exposure and readout of one image are done simultaneously,
i.e. while image n is being read out from the sensor, image n+1
is already integrated within the sensor’s pixel elements.
In case of short exposure times, the readout time is the limiting
factor, i.e. a new image can only be recorded, if the last image is read
out.
readout
n
n
exposure
n+1
n+1
texp
n+2
n+2
treadout
For long exposure times, the exposure time is the limiting factor:
readout
n-1
exposure
NOTE
As the pco.dimax cs is
a high-speed camera,
triggering single images using the Soft
Trigger button will
result in a significantly
degraded image quality (noisy images).
n
n
texp
n+1
n+1
tsys
Trigger Modes 1
Auto Sequence: The camera will optimize the image recording to
achieve the best possible frame rate. In the Auto Sequence
Exposure Control mode, the camera determines the fastest possible
frame rate depending on the adjusted exposure time and the required
readout time. After a start command is given, the sequential
recording is started until a stop command is given.
Software Trigger: Single images can be recorded with this Camware
command. The single image can be acquired by pressing the Single
Trigger button. This button appears after pressing the Start Record
button. Other signals cannot influence this operating mode.
External Synchronization (BNC Sync In): The pco.dimax also
utilizes an external synchronization signal that feeds a phase-locked
loop (PLL) in the camera.
18
6 CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
Advantages of the PLL (Ext synch) solution:
•
•
•
•
Availability: Only for frequencies of 100 or 1000Hz
Reliability: In case of dropouts of the external synchronization signal, the
synchronization is kept internally by the PLL signal with only small deviation.
Noise immunity: Interference on the signal is automatically detected and discarded.
Flexibility: The cameras can even be set to different frame rates, as long as all
frame rates are an integer multiple of the synchronization frequency.
External Exposure Start (Ext. Exp. Start):
The image acquisition is triggered by an external signal. It is
also possible to force a software trigger for a test image with
the Single Trigger button.
In Ext. Exp. Start exposure control mode, single image
recording is started by the falling or rising edge of the signal at
the BNC Sync In input (see Appendix A1.2). The frame rate
cannot be set, as the frame rate is defined by the frequency of
the external signal. However the exposure time and ROI
settings affect the maximum possible frame rate.
BNC Sync In
Exp Trig Signal
BNC I/O
Exp Stat (out)
BNC I/O
Busy Stat (out)
acc.
NOTE
If the trigger rate of
the external signal is
quite near the maximum possible frame
rate (difference <
1/1000), then it will be
random, whether or
not a trigger is accepted!
accepted
not acc.
accepted
A new trigger is possible after treadout or (texp + tsys) (whichever is longer)
after the preceeding trigger. The Busy Status (BNC I/O) signal (see
chapter 6.3.6) indicates if a new trigger will be accepted. The
maximum achievable frame rate in External Trigger mode is
negligibly less (about 0.1%) than when operating the camera in Auto
Sequence mode. If the trigger rate of the external signal is higher than
the maximum possible frame rate, every second trigger pulse is
ignored. Therefore the actual frame rate drops to half of the external
trigger rate. If the trigger rate is increased further, then only every 3rd,
every 4th etc. trigger edge will be accepted.
BNC Sync in
Exp Trig Sig
BNC I/O
Exp Stat (out)
BNC I/O
Busy Stat (out)
acc.
not acc.
acc.
not acc.
acc.
not acc.
acc.
In order to avoid trade-offs at maximum frame rate use either the
Busy Status signal BNC I/O(see chapter 6.3.6) or make sure that the
external trigger rate follows this condition: Ext. Trigger Rate ≤ fmax /
1.001.
19
NOTE
Exposure trigger differs
from T0 Trigger and
should not be mixed
up.
Exp. Trig. (BNC Sync
In)
triggers
single
frames based on a
falling / rising edge.
T0 Trigger (BNC Trig In)
terminates the active
recording with a single
signal edge and allows
to record a predefined
number of images after
T0 (see chapter 6.3.5
Sequence
Trigger
Mode).
External Exposure Control (Ext. Exp. Ctrl):
An external signal, which is applied to the exposure trigger
(BNC Sync In see chapter 6.3.6) input, controls the start and
the duration of the exposure.
In trigger mode Ext. Exp. Ctrl a new exposure is started by the
falling or rising edge of the signal at the BNC Sync In input. The
exposure is finished when the opposite edge is detected. Thus
in this mode, the start as well as the length of the exposure time
will be controlled externally. No further settings can be made, as
the image timing is completely controlled by the exposure trigger
signal yet. There is a maximum exposure time. If the trigger pulse is
longer than 20ms, the integration will be stopped at 20ms.
A new trigger is possible after treadout or (texp + tsys) (whichever is longer)
after the preceding trigger. The Busy Status (BNC I/O) signal (see
chapter 6.3.6) indicates if a new trigger will be accepted.
BNC Sync In
Exp. Trig. Signal
BNC I/O
Exp. Stat. (out)
BNC I/O
Busy Stat. (out)
treadout
acc.
accepted
accepted
not acc.
Detailed Timing for External Exposure Start /Control
The detailed timing for external trigger includes system delay times,
an adjustable additional delay time and the jitter.
NOTE
There is no specified
timing for the software trigger. The
software trigger is not
recommended
for
applications where an
exact timing is required!
BNC Sync In
Exp. Trig. Signal
Exposure
trsys
tdelay
tjit
tfsys
tdelay
tjit
Parameters for the following tables:
• Width of the selected ROI must be a multiple of 24
• Data is not applicable in trigger mode External Exposure Start.
• Trigger edges occurring within tdelay + 200ns after a previous
trigger are ignored.
tjit: -0 /+25ns
tdelay configurable 0…1ms
trsys + tfsys system delay times depending on ROI (see next page)
20
6 CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
Timing 2
The exposure and delay time can be adjusted exactly in steps
of 1 µs. The effective stepsize depends on the operation mode.
The slider and the up/down control refer to the blue highlighted
unit. The resulting frame rate is derived from this setting. Delay
time is not recommended for high-speed applications.
Easily change time base by clicking on … and the time base change
window will open.
FPS based: The camera will optimize the image recording to
achieve the selected frame rate. The exposure time is limited to
1/fps, lower values can be selected. (Selectable for Auto
Sequence trigger mode and preset for External synchronization
mode.)
First the frame rate is set. If the time required for readout of the image
is longer than 1 / frame rate, then the frame rate will be reduced to 1 /
treadout.
camera type
pco.dimax cs
exposure time
1.5 µs … 40 ms
delay time
2 µs … 40 ms
If FPS based is selected and the selected exposure time requires a
lower frame rate, the exposure time will be cut to the maximum
possible time at that frame rate.
The minimum selectable frame rate is 0.465 Hz, but it only makes
sense to use: ≥ 20Hz.
21
6.3.2 IMAGE SIZE
Region of Interest 1
In order to speed up the frame rate and to save storage space,
the ROI (region of interest) selects only a part of the sensor to
be read out. Due to the sensor structure and readout
electronics the selectable region is always symmetric to the
center.
pco.dimax CS
increments horizontal:
increments vertical:
minimum ROI:
1
24 pixel steps
4 pixel steps
24 x 8 pixels
Basic Setting: 2
Activate Basic Setting by clicking on … to easily set a
centered ROI by just keying in the resolution in pixels.
3
2
ROI window
Activate ROI window by clicking on … after
selecting the ROI (symm. horz./vert.) menu, or use
the … right to the X Res / Y Res and click on ROI
window. 3
The ROI window will open and it is possible to set a
new Region of Interest by dragging a window with
the mouse or by keying in the values.
22
6 CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
6.3.3 SENSOR CONTROL
Double Image / Doubleshutter (optional) 1
1
3
2
This feature is widely used for particle image velocimetry (PIV)
measurements and is an optional feature of the pco.dimax cs
series. The first exposure time te1 can be any exposure time of
the available range of the pco.dimax camera. The second
exposure time te2 cannot be directly adjusted. The length of the
second exposure is determined by the readout time of the first
image. The interframing time titf denotes the transition time
between end of exposure #1 and start of exposure #2.
As can be seen the maximum frame rate of the double image
mode (where frame rate is defined as the frequency of the
double images) will drop to just half the value compared to the
standard mode.
The double image mode will operate only in the trigger modes Auto
Sequence and External Exposure Start. See 6.3.1.
readout
image n, 1st exp.
image n, 2nd exp.
wait
image n+1,
1st exp.
status expos
exp trig
te2
ttd te1 tif
treadout
General timing for the double image mode
te1: exposure 1
ttd: trigger delay time
tif: interframing time
te2: exposure 2
tid: intrinsic delay
treadout: readout time
CDI mode 2
The correlated double image (CDI) mode offers to record images with
increased dynamic range and a 30% better performance on the weak
signal side of the images (at the expense of half of the usual frame
rate).
B/W Noise Filter (only available for pco.dimax cs b/w) 3
An optimized hot pixel correction is already integrated.
23
6.3.4 MEMORY
The Memory area controls the built-in memory of your
pco.dimax.
The RAM has four segments, but while using Camware only
three are usable, because the fourth is used by Camware itself.
You have the possibility to record into three different segments
and to set the exact number of images in each segment.
Camware always shows the maximum number of images
(depending on RAM size and chosen ROI).
Active Ram Segment: choose the active segment: 1, 2 or 3.
6.3.5 RECORDING CONTROL
Recorder Mode 1
In Sequence mode the camera will stop after the memory (i.e.
the active RAM segment) is completely filled. In Ring Buffer
mode the camera will record until it is stopped – overwriting the
previous images continuously.
Acquire Mode 2
The Acquire Mode gives you the ability to enable or disable the
recording by an external signal.
2
4
NOTE
Acquire mode still requires initial camera
recording activation
by software (press
record button)!
1
3
If set to Auto all images are accepted and all images taken are
saved. A signal at the BNC Trig In input (see 6.3.6) is ignored
when set to Auto.
If set to External, the camera will only record images, when the
external signal (voltage) applies.
While the sensor timing scheme is not affected by the signal at the
BNC Trig In input, the BNC Trig In input is sampled at the beginning
of the exposure time, which can be seen at the rising edge of the
exposure status (BNC I/O) output. If the BNC Trig In input is high
(low, when inverted) at that time, the image is saved to memory. If the
BNC Trig In input is low (high, when inverted), the image is not saved
to memory (image is lost).
24
6 CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
BNC I/O
Exp Stat (out)
BNC Trig In
saved
not saved
not saved
saved
In trigger mode External Exp. Start, the BNC Trig In input works like
a gate for the trigger signal. A trigger edge (rising, falling when BNC
Sync In is inverted) is accepted only when the BNC Trig In signal is
high (low, when inverted).
BNC Trig In
BNC Sync In
Exp Trig (in)
BNC I/O
Exp Stat (out)
accepted
not acc.
not acc.
accepted
In trigger mode External Exp. Ctrl, the BNC Trig In input works very
similar to the mode External Exp. Start. However, the BNC Trig In
input is ignored for the edge which is closing the exposure time
(started exposure will be finished accordingly).
When using BNC Trig In in external trigger modes, the following
timing specification should be met:
BNC Sync In
Exp Trig (in)
BNC Trig In
Acq Enbl (in)
pco.dimax model cs
tsu
th
tsu
th
60 ns
60 ns
If the BNC Trig In signal changes within the window of tsu (set up) to
th (hold), the behavior is random. The trigger may be accepted or
ignored.
25
Timestamp 3
A time stamp can be placed into the upper left corner of the
image. It can be either put off, binary or binary with text. The
time resolution is 1 μs.
3
In binary mode the first 16 pixels will be filled with the time
stamp information (binary code). The numbers are coded in
binary coded decimal (BCD) with one byte per pixel, which
means that every pixel can hold two digits. If the pixels have
more resolution than 8 bits, then the BCD digits are right bound
adjusted and the upper bits are zero. For further information please
refer to the SDK.
In binary and ASCII mode text will be placed into the image replacing
the content of the image (271x 8 pixels).
The timestamp indicates the end of the exposure time.
Three different information is stamped onto the image: number of
the image 1 , date 2 and time 3 .
1
3
2
Sequence Trigger Mode 4
4
The Sequence Trigger Mode enables the user to stop
capturing a sequence of images via an external signal, so called
T0 trigger. The user can set the number of images before and
after the trigger event.
The Sequence Trigger function utilizes the BNC Trig In input
(see chapter 6.3.6), therefore the acquire function cannot be
used and the acquire mode has to be set to Auto. The recorder
mode should be set to Ring Buffer; otherwise the recording
may stop, when the selected RAM segment is full. For most
cases, this is long before the sequence trigger occurs.
Off: Function is not active; signal at BNC Trig In does not stop
the record.
Software Event: Only a software command can stop the sequence.
NOTE
When working with
Extension box please
be aware to invert
signal polarity at the
acquire enable (Trig In
BNC input) for TTL
signal type.
Ext. or Soft. Event: Both, a signal edge at BNC Trig In or a software
command can stop the sequence.
BNC Trig In
Exposure
1
2 3
4 5
Record State
Delay Images = 10
26
Stop Event
6 7
8 9 10
6 CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
The relative position of the T0 trigger within the recorded time
window depends on the size of the RAM segment and the
delay images parameter. The following figure shows one
example, where the buffer size is 1000 images: The position
of the trigger is always calculated backwards from the end of
the buffer. The relation is always in terms of images.
In this context T0 is the point at which the sequence trigger is set
(at the BNC Trig In input).
RAM 1000 images
#1000
#1
800 images
stop event
Delay Images = 800 (80%)
After recording is finished
Recorder Images (see chapter
6.6) shows the thumbnail
images of the last recording:
Image T0 is framed in green,
the currently selected image in
orange.
All images before and after T0 are specifically marked, e.g. with 202
(T0 + 00:00:007). 202, in this case, corresponds to the image number
and its recording point in time after T0. The time stamp is divided into
min : s : ms.
Additional possibility to define T0: Right-click into the thumbnails
and Set Current Image as T0. Reset T0 erases this manually set
T0.
All Recorder Images features see 6.7.
27
6.3.6 I/O SIGNALS TAB
Start Camera Control (see 6.3) and select the I/O Signals Tab.
BNC sockets see chapter A3.2 Extension Box.
1
2
3
Signal types are only valid in combination with Extension Box:
3
2
1
Extension. Breakout
box
cable
Type
Type
Camware
Acquire
enable
Trig In
Trig In
RS 485
TTL
Contact
RS 485
TTL
Contact
2 Sync In
Sync In
RS 485
TTL
Contact
RS 485
TTL
Contact
1
Exposure
Trigger
1 2
3
Status
Exposure
NOTICE
Polarity
high/
low
rising /
falling
edge
I/O
n/a
RS 485
high/
low
Description
If checked, a signal for
Acquire mode or Sequence
Trigger mode (see chapter
6.3.5) is accepted at the BNC
Trig In input
If checked, a signal for
External Exp. Start or External
Exp. Ctrl trigger mode (see
chapter 6.3.1) is accepted at
the BNC Sync In input
If checked, a signal indicating
exposure status or busy
status is given at the BNC
I/O output. Once an
acceptable trigger edge is
received, busy will be high.
As soon as busy is low again,
a new trigger edge is
accepted
When working with Extension box please be aware to invert signal
polarity at the acquire enable (Trig In BNC input) for TTL signal type.
28
6 CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
Filter: electrical interference filters (off, medium, high). An active filter
causes an internal signal delay.
Polarity: active for high/low signal or rising/falling edge
NOTICE
Signal Type Contact
Contact high: if contact is open, camera will capture images;
Contact low: if contact is closed, camera will capture images.
Type
Explanation
RS485
Receiver sensitivity: +-200mV
Note: termination of 120Ohms outside camera
required
TTL
Maximum low level: 0.8V
Minimum high level: 2V
Contact
(only Extension
Box)
Maximum switch on resistance: 100Ohms
Minimum switch off resistance: 40kOhms
Minimum switch voltage rating: 5VDC
Minimum switch current rating: 1mA
BNC Sync In
BNC I/O
Exp Stat (out)
BNC I/O
Busy Stat (out)
treadout
29
6.3.7 CONVERT CONTROL
Start the Convert Control Dialog with the Black/White Button in
Camera Properties.
Convert Control BW
The user can influence how the 12 bit intensity values of the original
image are displayed in 8 bit values in different ways.
BW Settings (includes histogram of original
data)
It is possible to hide the histogram of original
data 1 and to switch tab/histogram 2 .
4
1
Green sliders in histogram 3
left slider = Min controller (corresponds to
value 0 of the 8 bit display). Values below that
mark are set to 0, i.e. displayed as black.
right slider = Max controller (corresponds to
value 255). Values above that mark are set to
255, i.e. displayed as white.
2
3
The values in-between are converted into a
value between 0 and 255 according to Contrast and Gamma
settings. See the small graph 4 , which reflects the calculation.
Proc config tab: please see under Convert Control Color
Converted Hist
This tab shows
converted data.
30
you
the
histogram
of
6 CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
Convert Control Color (only pco.dimax color)
Color Balance (Histogram of original data)
Intensity of single color can be controlled by
Saturation and Vibrance 1 .
1
2
3
7
4
Press the Auto button to set the white
balance 2 .
5
The balancing of RGB can be controlled by
Col.Temp and Tint 3 .
6
It is possible to hide the histogram of original
data 4 and to switch tab/histogram 5 .
The user can influence how the 12 bit intensity values of the original
image are displayed in 8 bit values in different ways.
White sliders in histogram 6
left slider = Min controller (corresponds to value 0 of the 8 bit
display). Values below that mark are set to 0, i.e. displayed as no
color.
right slider = Max controller (corresponds to value 255). Values
above that mark are set to 255, i.e. displayed as full color.
The values in-between are converted into a value between 0 and 255
according to Contrast and Gamma settings. See the small graph 7 ,
which reflects the calculation.
1
3
2
4
Proc. Config (Process configuration)
Due to proprietary high-end algorithms used for
these image processing features, no detailed
description is given here.
1
2
3
4
GPU Processing
On: Switch on in order to significantly reduce
processing time (increases refresh rate of the
live image.
Fast pco debayering: only color cameras
Color Refine Filter only color cameras
Noise Reduction
NLM: Non local means algorithm
Denoise Adaptive: only color cameras
Sharpen:
On: only color cameras (first activate Fast
pco debayering
Converted Hist
This tab shows
converted data.
31
you
the
histogram
of
6.4 IMAGE OVERLAY
1
Open Image Overlay: you can easily switch between Camera
Properties window and Image Overlay with these two buttons. 1
If not available: see 6.9.5 View Menu to activate this menu.
This function enables an individually configurable image overlay.
Many different options are available by clicking Add item to… 2
Also the Appearance is configurable:
Font, Text color, Text opacity, Background color, Background
opacity and horizontal or vertical orientation.
2
A preview of the image overlay is shown. 3
3
4
Each item can be moved upwards, downwards or deleted by
clicking on … 4
By drag & drop the Image Overlay can be moved easily to your
favorite position.
To activate image overlay, right-click in the View
window and activate Show Image Overlay. 5
5
NOTE
This function does not overwrite image data.
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6 CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
6.5 RECORDER TOOLS
Recorder Tools provides Record and Play function, Play Settings
and Record Settings.
It can be found on the right lower side of Camware or, if closed,
activated by View Menu (see chapter 6.9.5)
Record
Start/Stop record with Record Button.
Record: in record state Camware software is highlighted in red.
It is possible to change the exposure time during record. See
6.3 Camera Properties.
Software Trigger Mode: after record is started an arrow
pointing downwards applies a single trigger (see 6.3.1).
Play Settings 1
1
Play Speed: selectable play speed from x1 to x256 or from 1fps
to 16fps. E.g. in mode x1 a recording with 1000 fps is played
with 25fps.
1 fps means that only one frame per second is played.
Play Mode: selectable play mode of the recorder (continuous or
single time (re)play).
2
Play Direction: selectable direction of record play (forward or
backward)
Record Settings 2
Averaging: if in the dropdown list a value not equal to x1 is selected,
the corresponding number of images is averaged in the buffer,
reducing the statistically independent noise.
IIR Lowpass: another option to reduce the noise is the activation of
the Infinite impulse response IIR lowpass filter. This filter takes
90% of the previous image and 10% of the new image to create
images with clearly reduced noise.
Image (actual) = Image (act - 1) * 0.9 + Image (new) * 0.1
33
Reminder dialog
If you have already made a recording but did not save it, Camware
will ask you to save the record before starting a new one.
Extended Recorder can be activated (see
6.9.5)
Recording with multiple cameras
If all cameras are activated, the recording is started
simultanously for all cameras.
Recorder will use Recorder mode settings (Sequence or Ring
Buffer) of the seleted camera for all cameras (see 6.3.7)
For single camera recording, deactivate cameras by removing
the check mark from the box. 3
3
34
6 CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
6.6 VIEW WINDOW
More View Windows
It is possible to open more view windows of
one camera: just click on new view window 1
and Camware will create a new one 2 .
Even when multiple view windows (or from
multiple cameras) are open, the same image
number is always shown in all of the view
windows.
2
1
3
A dropdown menu 3 helps to select a view
window. If you have more view windows than
can be displayed on the desktop, you will be
able to select each view window.
Split View Window
The view window can be split. Choose
Window → Split 44 and a split cross will be
shown. You can easily adjust the size of the
splitted window elements by grabbing and
dragging the dividing lines 55 .
The main function is that you are able to view
four regions of your image in one view. Choose
the Zoom± function to zoom in the image (first
turn off Stretched
View) (See 6.9.8)
If you want to undo
the split, you have to
double click on the
6
deviding line (after
symbol 6 is visible.
4
5
Two Tabs side by side or on top of each other
If you want to view two tabs side by side or
arranged one above the other just drag a tab
and then Camware will ask you if you want to
create a new horizontal or vertical tab group.
Undo this very easily by draging the tab back
to its former position.
This also applies for view windows of several
cameras.
35
6.7 RECORDER (IMAGES)
When recording is done, small preview images (thumbnails) are built
and displayed automatically. This will take some time depending on
the performance of your computer system.
1
If you click (left mouse button) within the upper scale bar 11 , you can
adjust the number of images which are shown by moving the mouse
left or right. Minimum is 20 and maximum is half of the recorded
images in this scale.
Quick scrolling: you can quickly scroll through the thumbnails by
dragging the orange bar with the mouse.
While quick scrolling, the Preview window will display the active
image sequence. This allows you to quickly scroll through the image
sequence displaying the live images in the Preview window forwards
or backwards. The View window will not actively show live images
during quick scrolling (only in normal scrolling speed by mousewheel).
If you click on a thumbnail image it will be shown on the view
window. You can scroll via mouse wheel through the thumbnails.
The upper blue bar correlates to the number of displayed
thumbnails. The lower blue bar shows the range of the upper scale in
relation to the whole record.
2
The second scale shows the total number of recorded images. It
allows to scroll fast through the images 2 .
Right-click menu (click on thumb-nails)
Allows to rebuild all thumbnails and to search for
events.
Furthermore the Set In / Out gives you the possibility
to set values for a sequence, which can be played via
play button. Reset In / Out discards these settings.
Set In / Out is active: if you save/export your
images, only the selected images are saved/exported
(see 6.9.2).
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6 CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
3
The light gray area 3 in the upper scale shows an
In-Out example area. It is very easy to define a new
area: just right-click on the start and end frame in
one of the scales. The In image must be left to the
red bar, the Out image to the right of the red bar.
Search Events in Thumbnails: detected events are
displayed as green bars.
Too dark or bright thumbnails
If thumbnails are too dark or too
bright, right-click in view window
(see 6.9.8) and select Auto Range
Peak or Auto Range Crop. Then
right-click on a thumbnail image and select Rebuild Thumbnails.
Now the thumbnail images should comply with the view window.
Set current Image as T0
It is possible to set a T0 Image manually. For information about
T0, see Sequence Trigger Mode in chapter 6.3.5 .This T0
Image can be resetted.
Use your keyboard to scroll through the Images
Page up / down keys: 10 Images up or down
Arrow keys: quick scrolling through the images. Advantage: fluent
video playback in the View window (forwards or backwards).
Home/Pos1 key: first image.
End key: last image.
37
6.8 SETTINGS OVERVIEW
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Settings overview shows the most important parameters of your
camera at a glance. If you have more than one camera connected,
each camera and its parameters are listed.
The parameters can only be changed under 6.3 Camera Properties.
It is possible to easily switch between the Recorder (Images) section
and the Settings Overview. 11
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Function
Camera name
Auto Save
Type
Status
Frame Rate
Resolution
Exposure Time
Number of Images
T0 Position
Synchronization
Status
38
Description
Name
Off , Unconfigured (red), OK (green)
Camera type and serial number
Ready or Recording
Green background: Images are in memory
Currently selected frame rate
Resolution in pixels
Selected exposure time
Number of images to be recorded
See T0 chapter 6.3.5
Status: locked or -
6 CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
6.8.1 AUTO SAVE
Auto Save helps to save your recorded images or sequences in an
easy way. There is no need to save each image/ sequence separately
from each connected camera. Therefore this function is very useful if
you use more than one camera. Once configured Auto Save allows
acquiring and saving as many images/ sequences as you will need
during your experiment. This function can store RAW (e.g. TIFF) and
Export (e.g. AVI, JPG)
For normal file save see File Menu 6.9.2.
Explanations will be displayed in the Info Text window at the bottom
of the menu.
Enable Auto Save by clicking on the check box.
The text will change to Unconfigured! (red
background).
Right-click on the Unconfigured! field and click on
Configure ‘Auto Save’.The Auto Save Options
dialog will be displayed.
First, configure the General Auto Save Settings - Global
Auto Save Mode: two different modes are available, Save manually
and Save unattendedly.
The Save manually mode allows to store RAW images and export
images after a recording session, when you hit the SHIFT and A
keys. This gives you the possibility to cut the image sequence before
saving.
The Save unattendedly mode downloads enables to download all
RAW images and to export the complete image sequences of all
cameras immediately after an active recording is stopped.
Select Output:
Off – Auto Save is deactivated
Save RAW – Only 16 bit RAW files are stored (b16,
pcoraw, MultiTif-File, Tiff
Export – only compressed files are stored (BMP,
JPG, Tiff, AVI, MPEG, WMV)
Save RAW and Export – RAW and Export files are
stored simultaneously
Common Folder: main folder for your stored files
RAW and Export file Type: select the type of RAW
and Export file
Export Color Image: select if you want to export
color images (only for color cameras)
Apply Automatic File Naming: if set to yes, your
stored files are automatically named by Camware.
39
General Auto Save Settings – File name
Set your file name individually by adding or deleting
items. Position these elements as needed.
Camera Specific Auto Save Settings:
Configure camera
connected camera.
specific settings
for each
Save RAW File Settings: set RAW File Folder and
RAW File Name.
Export File Settings: set Export File Folder and
Export File Name.
Multimedia File Resolution: set predefined video export
resolution or enter a Custom x- and y-resolution.
Finish the configuration by clicking OK.
After configuration is finished, Auto Save status will be set to
OK (green background)
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6 CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
6.9 CAMWARE FEATURES
This chapter describes in detail the Camware Demo Mode and the
File, Camera, Acquisition, View and Window menus.
6.9.1 DEMO MODE
When Camware is started, it automatically recognizes the
camera type of the connected and running cameras.
Camware will start in Demo Mode, if your camera is switched
off or no camera is connected.
In this mode all image processing features are available, but
all camera settings are deactivated. The user only has to tell
Camware what type of image he wants to open. For that
purpose, the Demo Mode Setup window opens and asks for
the corresponding input.
Need Help? If this window pops up because you have trouble
running the camera, please see instructions in appendix A5.
Resolution
The drop down list displays the existing image sensor spatial
resolutions of all PCO camera systems. Please select the specific
resolution and bit depth of the images to be opened! If double shutter
images have been recorded and should be opened, Double Shutter
Mode should be checked.
Color
With the radio buttons, the user can specify whether the image type
is monochrome (b/w) or color.
Alignment
These two radio buttons adjust whether MSB (most significant bit)
aligned (upper) or LSB (least significant bit) aligned (lower) images
have been stored.
Infotext
The Infotext is automatically shown in Camware if
you open a stored raw sequence.
The Camera Properties settings, storing location
and Record date are listed in this file.
This text file will be saved with every recorded raw
sequence / image. Camware will ask you for
custom text before your images are saved. You
can add information, e.g. lens and aperture of your
experiment.
Infotext can be activated in the View Menu 6.9.5 at
any time.
41
6.9.2 FILE MENU
Open RAW File (single image only)
This command should be used to import a single
image into the currently active image window. Only
files with the extension and format of *.b16 (=PCO
proprietary binary image format) and *.tif (16 bit
TIFF image format) can be imported. If the recorder
is enabled, each imported image will be transferred
to the buffer shown in the picture number. The
image itself will be fitted to the current image size.
If the recorder is disabled, the current image sizes
will be set to the parameters of the imported
image.
NOTE
Be aware of the
different
storage
abilities
of
the
formats, for example
*.bmp - the bitmap
format only allows for
8bit values to be
stored and therefore
the image content of a
16 bit image is
reduced, if stored as
bitmap.
Open RAW Recorder Sequence (image sequence
from one camera)
This command is used to import a sequence of
images. If more than one camera is connected and
an image window is currently open, the sequence
will be loaded to the active window. If no image
window is open, the images will be loaded to camera #1. This
command opens the Open file dialog box. Only files with the
extension and the format of *.b16, *.pcoraw, *.tif and multi tif can be
imported.
Save RAW File (single image only)
This command should be used to save the image, which is displayed
in the active window. The command opens the Save file dialog box.
The image file can be saved in 16bit *.b16 and *.tif format. If more
than one camera is connected, it is possible to save all current
images by selecting Export all images in the Save file dialog box.
With this feature it is possible to save one image of each active
camera within one process step (it is not necessary to repeat the
save process for each camera). The Save command will not be
available if no image window is open. For Auto File Save see 6.8.1
Save RAW Recorder Sequence (image sequence from one camera)
The Save Recorder command should be
used to save or export image sequences. If
more than one camera is connected and an
image window is currently open, the record
of the active window will be saved. The
command opens the Save recorder file
dialog box. It is possible to select the
number of saved images, to step images
and to choose the first image number. For Auto File Save see 6.8.1
Export File (not reloadable!)
Use this command to export the image of the active image window.
This command will open the Export Image dialog box. Files with the
extensions fts, tif, bmp, asc, jpg, and jp2 can be exported. This item
will not be visible, if no image window is open. For Auto File Save
see 6.8.1
42
6 CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
Export Recorder Sequence (not reloadable!)
Use this command to export a sequence of
images. If more than one camera is connected and
an image window is currently open, the record of
the window which has got the input focus will be
saved. If no image window is open the Export
Recorder Sequence menu does not appear. This
command will open the Export recorder box. Files
with the extensions fts, tif, bmp, asc, avi, mpg, jpg,
jp2, and wmv can be exported (see Appendix A4).
For Auto File Save see 6.8.1
Options
Single File Properties
Single tif file 16 bit alignment: upper / lower
ASCII File Separator: select a separator for
the values in the ASCII file. Select tab, space,
semicolon, colon, comma, hyphen, slash or
backslash.
Binary pgm file: set the format of the pgm
(portable gray map) file. Select: yes, no.
Jpeg2000 image quality: set compression
from 20 to 100%.
Jpeg image quality: set compression from 20
to 100%.
Binary ppm file: set format of the ppm
(portable pixmap) file. Select: yes, no
RAW 16bit RGB tif file: save raw tif without
color balance. Select: yes, no.
Use cache file: Caches image data on disc for
a camera with camera internal memory. Select:
yes, no
General File Properties
FIFO buffer size: set the FIFO buffer size in number of images. This
helps to avoid gaps during file write delays. Usually this is set to 150.
Preserve last record: preserve current recorded images. When set,
the user will be asked whether to really start a new record or to close.
View Properties:
Crosshair color: set the color for crosshair, save ROI and line tool.
Crosshair length: set the crosshair length in pixel.
Activate crosshair: see chapter 6.9.8
43
Open AVI Codec Dialog
If you use Auto File Save 6.8.1 and select AVI for your
video output, this setting takes an effect on your stored
video sequences.
This function is only available, if AVI video format is
selected.
Please select the (compression) codec that you want to
use for your stored sequences. All installed codecs are
listed here.
Load lookup Table (for monochrome cameras)
With the Pseudo LUT (Lookup-Table) feature you can load any LUT
with one of four different formats and you can view the result in the
color view window. Use one of the attached predefined LUTs or
define your own.
Direct Record to File
With this command you can preset a certain number of images to be
stored. If the camera captures images faster than the computer can
save to disk, then you will lose images. The displaying of the images
doesn't interfere with the record process.
Start Auto Save
Only available, if Auto Save is activated, see 6.8.1
Exit
This command exits the program and closes all channel dialog
windows. Window positions, settings and sizes are stored in the
windows registry and will be loaded again at next start-up.
6.9.3 CAMERA MENU
Camera Control
Use this command to open the camera control window (see 6.3).
Close
Disconnects camera and switches Camware to Demo Mode. In case
of multiple cameras, all cameras must be closed in order for
Camware to switch to Demo Mode.
Rescan Disconnects and reconnects all cameras.
44
6 CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
6.9.4 ACQUISITION MENU
Live Preview
The Live Preview is useful for fast and easy adjusting and
focusing of the camera. The active window will be updated.
To see another window, simply click on the window. This
option is not available in double shutter mode.
Acquire Picture (not available)
Acquire Sequence
Starts recording images into the system memory according to
Trigger Mode selection (see 6.3.1). During recording, all camera
controls are locked.
Rec. Memory Settings (not available)
Recorder Settings (not available)
6.9.5 VIEW MENU
B/W or Color Window
Use this command to open a new display window.
Convert Control
See chapter 6.3.7.
Toolbars and Docking Windows
Standard toolbars of Camware 4 are Recorder/
Recorder Tools / Camera Overview / Camera Properties
and Image Overlay. Additional Toolbars known from
Camware 3.x are displayable, but not essentially
needed: Main Toolbar / Extended Recorder / Cursor.
For function Infotext see 6.9.1.
Application Look
The Style and Look of Camware can be customized;
many different style sheets are selectable. The Tabbed
MDI function (un)docks the view windows.
Reset layout to default
This resets all your customized changes and restores
the default layout.
45
6.9.6 WINDOW MENU
New Window
A new view window will be opened.
Close Window
Active window will be closed.
Split
The view window will be split in four quarters.
Camera overview
Shows all connected cameras, e.g. 1 Camera 1 (pco.dimax S4) .
6.9.7 HELP MENU
Contents
Opens the main page of the program help.
Search for Help on
Opens an index list for help.
Create Support File
This will activate the Camware log files. Press YES to
activate log files and reboot Camware and your pco.dimax.
After log files are activated it is possible to create a support
file. Please send this file to the PCO support.
Logging
Enable Logging:
Activates Camware log files (this cuts down performance)
Clear Logfiles: (only visible if logging is enabled)
This command erases all actual log files
Explore Logfiles:
Opens windows explorer
Disable Logging (only visible if logging is
enabled)
Disables logging
Support Mail
This command opens your email-program and an already
created support file will be added automatically as file
attachment.
About Camware
This window shows program information.
46
6 CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
6.9.8 RIGHT-CLICK MENU
NOTE
Right-click in the View
window to open this
menu.
View Color: color window.
View Window B: if Double Shutter mode is activated, this will switch
to window B (second image).
Stretched View: image will be fitted into the display window.
Stretched View Ratio: aspect ratio are maintained.
Zoom +/-: image zoom (only available if Stretched View is
deactivated).
Zoom set the factor of the Zoom (from 0.0625 to 32).
Scroll Synchronous if more than one image window is opened, it is
possible to scroll synchronously through the images (only available if
Stretched View is deactivated).
Show Image Overlay: activates the overlay see 6.4
Open LUT: opens look-up table file for false-color
illustration.
Auto Range Peak searches for the minimum and
maximum 14 bit intensity values of the image. Given
these numbers the converter scales the 8 bit display
(256) within these two values.
Auto Range Crop sets the converter to ignore the
extreme intensity values of the image and scales the
display in a smaller range. Thus dark or bright light
spots, reflections, etc. are cut off.
Continuous Auto Range (Crop):
This option enables the automatic min/max
function during record and replay.
Flip/Mirror: image will be flipped or mirrored.
Rotate Left/Right: rotates the image.
Set ‘File Save ROI’: if you want to save just a
part of the recorded image (region of interest),
it is possible to draw a rectangle with the
mouse. This rectangle is valid for all recorded
images and can be dragged at its edges.
47
Line Tool: Select Line Tool to show a graph,
which shows the intensity of the pixels under
the red line shown in the image window. The
selection of this menu item determines the
location of the first point. After this you can
move the mouse to the second point, which
can be selected by a left click. Now a Line
Diagram opens and the length of the line (unit: pixel) is displayed in
the window.
Copy to Clipboard: will copy the actual image to clipboard.
Crosshair: activates a centered crosshair. Size and
color are selectable see chapter 6.9.2 → Options.
Crosshair is movable, just drag it by mouse. Reset
it to center position by double-click into center of
the crosshair.
48
6 CAMWARE 4 SOFTWARE
6.9.9 ADDITIONAL FEATURES
White Balance by Mouse
It is possible to change white balance easily by mouse: You only
have to press the CTRL (Strg) and the shift button at the same time
and select a white or gray area within the image. The pixel values
within the coordinates of the selection rectangle are used for
calculating a new white balance.
For best results we recommend to use the white balance button in
the Convert Control Color (see 6.3.7).
1
Fold Up Window
The Convert Control windows can be
minimized / folded up 1 . Just move the pointer
over the bar and the window will unfold
again 2 .
2
Setting Contrast Area by Mouse
You can control the minimum and maximum values used for the
conversion from 16 bit to 8 bit with the mouse. Move the mouse
cursor into a region which should be shown with maximum contrast.
Press the shift and the left mouse button. Hold down the mouse
button while increasing the size of the selection rectangle with mouse
moves. After releasing the mouse button the coordinates of selection
rectangle act as a border for calculating the minimum and maximum
values.
Setting a new ROI by Mouse
It is possible to change Region of Interest easily by mouse (see ROI
6.3.2.) for the camera. You only have to press the CTRL (Strg) button
and drag an area with the left mouse button. The coordinates of the
selection rectangle are used for calculating a new region of interest,
which will be adapted to the camera capabilities automatically. You
can reset the ROI to maximum by pressing the CTRL (Strg) button
and the right mouse button.
Short Cut List
• Acquire Picture: SPACE
• Acquire Sequence: STRG + A
• Auto Save: SHIFT + A
• Export File (Image): STRG + T
• Export Recorder Sequence (Video): STRG + O
• Open Raw Image File: STRG + I
• Open Raw Recorder Sequence (Video): STRG + R
• Save Raw Image File: STRG + E
• Save Raw Recorder Sequence (Video): STRG + S
49
APPENDIX
A1 TECHNICAL DATA
51
A1.1 DATA SHEET
51
A1.2 REVERSE WITH CAPTION
52
A1.3 DIMENSIONS
53
A1.4 MOUNTING
55
A2 GIGABIT ETHERNET INTERFACE
56
A2.1 QUICK INSTALLATION GUIDE
56
A2.1.1 CABLE LENGTH
57
A2.1.2 ACTIVATING/DEACTIVATING (WIN7/8)
57
A2.2 NETWORK INTERFACE CARD (NIC)
58
A2.2.1 SINGLE CAMERA
59
A2.2.2 SEVERAL CAMERA SYSTEMS
59
A2.2.3 NETWORK ENVIRONMENT/PATCH CABLE
60
A2.3 CALIBRATION TOOL
61
A2.3.1 FIRMWARE WARNING
61
A2.3.2 NETWORK AND PACKET DELAY
62
A2.3.3 JUMBO PACKETS / BUFFER SETTINGS
62
A2.3.4 SET CAMERA IP ADDRESS & SUBNET MASK 63
A2.3.5 IMAGE TRANSFER DATA RATE
64
A2.3.6 CAMERA TEST
64
A2.3.7 TOOL TIPS
65
A2.3.8 HELP GUIDE
65
A2.4 PERFORMANCE
A3 ACCESSORIES
66
67
A3.1 BREAKOUT CABLE
67
A3.2 EXTENSION BOX
67
A3.3 CHANGE F-MOUNT TO C-MOUNT / FOCAL DIST. 69
A4 IMAGE FILE FORMATS
70
A5 CUSTOMER SERVICE
72
A5.1 SERVICE
72
A5.2 MAINTENANCE
72
A5.3 RECYCLING
72
A5.4 LOGFILE / SUPPORT FILE
73
A5.5 TROUBLE SHOOTING
74
A6 INDEX
75
ABOUT PCO
76
50
A1 TECHNICAL DATA
A1 TECHNICAL DATA
This chapter provides data sheet, dimensions and all connectors of
the pco.dimax cs.
A1.1 DATA SHEET
Sensor
Image sensor
cs1
cs3
cs4
cs1
cs3
cs4
Resolution
Sensor format /
diagonal
Pixelgröße
Shutter mode
Fullwell capacity
Quantum efficiency
Spectral range
Readout noise
Dynamic range
Dark current
Non-linearity
DSNU (dark signal non-uniformity)
PRNU (photo response nonuniformity)
Camera
cs1
Max. fps @full
cs3
resolution
cs4
Exposure time
Dynamic range A/D
Region of interest
Internal memory
Output signals
Multi-camera Synchronization
Trigger / Synchronization signals
Data interface
Time stamp
Time code input
Interframing time
Operating temperature
Housing
Shock resistance
Power supply range
Power consumption
Camera connector
Lens mount
Mounting threads
Weight
Proprietary sensor
1296 x 1024 Pixel
1920 x 1440 Pixel
2016 x 2016 Pixel
14.26 x 11.26 mm²
31.36 mm
21.12 x 15.84 mm²
26.40 mm
22.18 x 22.18 mm²
18.17 mm
11 x 11 µm²
Global Shutter
36 000 e50% @ peak
290 … 1100 nm
22 e- (typ.) 18 e- (CDI)*
1600:1, 64 dB ; 2000:1, 66 dB (CDI)*
530 e-/pixel/s @ 20°C
< 0.5% (diff.), < 0.2% (integr.)
< 0.6 counts rms @ 90% center zone
< 1% @ 80% signal
3086 fps
1603 fps
1102 fps
1.5 µs … 40 ms
12 bit
24 x 4 pixel steps (centered)
9 GB
Status exposure/Status busy
Sync In/Out (Master/Slave), PLL
TTL, RS485, Contact (Extension Box)
Gigabit Ethernet
in image (1 µs resolution)
IRIG-B unmodulated (optional)
3.58 µs (optional)
0° - 40°C
enclosed housing
150g for 11ms (only High G version)
15 - 48 V DC
27 W
LEMO (18-pins: 2B-318-CLN)
C-mount + F-mount /
EF-mount (optional)
2x ¼”, 2x M4, 14x M6
0.985 kg (C-mount version)
*in correlated double image mode (CDI) the readout noise is reduced and therefore the
intrascene dynamic is improved.
51
A1.2 REVERSE WITH CAPTION
1 HD-SDI BNC plug
1
5
2 LEMO I Connector for Battery or electronic Lens
controller
2
3 Status LEDs
3
LAN
Color
Green
Red
Orange
4
REC
Blue
LED
PWR
Description
Voltage applied
Error state
Network connection is active (flashing)
If connection is lost: permanent light
rec state = on: permanent light:
Flashes while rec after T0
44 LEMO II Connector for Trigger, Power Supply, Trigger Signals and
GigE network connection
Pin 1
55 Fan
Pin18
Lemo II Pinout (EEG.2B.318.CLN)
(Fitting male connector: FGG.2B.318.CYCD92ZN)
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
Case
Pin 1
Pin 4
Signal name
Ethernet AEthernet DEthernet BEthernet B+
Ethernet C+
Status +
+SUPPLY
+SUPPLY
SYNC+
SYNC-SUPPLY
-SUPPLY
Ethernet A+
Ethernet D+
Ethernet CStatus- /CamPresent
TRG+
TRG-
Color
Orange
Brown
Green
White (Green)
Black
Red
Orange (Bl 1)
Red (Bl 2)
Yellow
Green
Gray (Bl 3)
Black (Bl 4)
White (or)
White (br)
White (bl)
Blue
White
Brown (for TTL: not connected with GND)
Ethernet Screen TRG shield SYNC shield
Lemo I Pinout (EEG.0B.304.CLN)
(Fitting male connector: FGG.0B.304.CYCD52Z)
1
2
SUPPLY OUT
SUPPLY IN & RXD
3
4
TXD
GROUND
52
12V Out Standard
(RXD bidirectional modulated)
Communication battery and lens controller
Communication battery and lens controller
A1 TECHNICAL DATA
A1.3 DIMENSIONS
All dimensions given in millimeter.
53
Input Window Filter
NOTE
F-Mount flange focal
distance: 46,50 mm
In front of the color sensor is an input window, which acts as safety
glass as well as filter and contains an anti-reflective coating (98 %
light transmission).
The spectral range of the pco.dimax color is: 400 nm – 700 nm.
54
A1 TECHNICAL DATA
A1.4 MOUNTING
A stable mounting of the camera system is required for applications
with accleration forces of up to 150G.
• PCO recommends to use the mounting threads of the
pco.dimax cs camera.
• It is recommended to primarily use the threads on the black
front part of the camera
• It is not allowed to only use the M4 threads on near the rear
side of the camera
• Always mount the camera by a three-point screw
connection.
• Always use two sides of the camera for the screwing
• Carefully tighten the screws down
The body of the camera is made of aluminium and the threads are
reinforced with HeliCoil® inserts.
The drawing shows the M6 and M4 threads on the left and right side
of pco.dimax cs.
55
A2 GIGABIT ETHERNET INTERFACE
GigE is an interface standard for high-performance industrial
cameras. It has been developed by a group of about 50 companies.
GigE is based on the Gigabit Ethernet standard which uses standard
Ethernet category cabling. The standard is trying to unify protocols
currently used in machine vision industrial cameras and let 3rd party
organizations develop compatible software and hardware
(www.machinevisiononline.org).
System requirements (check PCO website for latest versions)
• Camware software package
• GigE driver Generation 2 V4.0.0.00
• Complete network environment must be GigE compliant
Cat5e or higher patch cable
• Virus protection / Firewall deactivated
(please contact your system administrator)
A2.1 QUICK INSTALLATION GUIDE
Install network interface card (NIC)
(precondition for GigE)
See chapter
Install GigE driver
Please follow instructions.
See chapter 4.2
Deactivate (uncheck) the GigE driver
at each NIC that will not physically be
connected to your camera (Win 7/8)
See chapter A2.1.2
Make sure that just the service
pco.camera with GigE and the protocol
Internet protocol (TCP/IP) are activated for
each NIC used for PCO cameras (Win 7/8).
Make sure the buffer settings of your NIC
are set to its maximum (see A2.3.3)
Apply PCO GigE Calibration Tool
for camera calibration
See chapter A2.3
After successful calibration
Start Camware
56
Please follow the steps in
this order. Additional
information can be found in
the respective subchapters
A2 GIGABIT ETHERNET INTERFACE
A2.1.1 CABLE LENGTH
Cable length Gigabit Ethernet :
• standard:
10 m
• optional:
0.5 m; 2 m; 5 m; 12.5 m; 30 m; 50 m
• maximum:
100 m
• cable (10m) is included in the camera price
A2.1.2 ACTIVATING/DEACTIVATING (WIN7/8)
The checkbox next to pco.camera with GigE is checked for
activating and unchecked for deactivating.
NOTE (Win7/8)
It is absolutely essential that the PCO GigE driver is only
activated at the specific NIC that is physically connected
to your camera. In addition, just the service pco.camera
with GigE and the Internet protocol (TCP/IP) should be
activated for each NIC used for PCO cameras.
It is possible that, if virus scan/firewall is enabled, a
connected camera is not recognized.
57
A2.2 NETWORK INTERFACE CARD (NIC)
A Gigabit network interface card (NIC) is attached to your computer
and ready to use. Ideally it is a PCI-Express NIC to bring out the best
data throughput, e.g. Intel Ethernet Server Adapter I210 T1, I350
T2 or I350 T4.
Please make sure that the specific driver of the NIC is installed to
your Operating System (OS) - If not, your OS may use a standard
plug & play driver not performing perfectly with the hardware.
It is absolutely essential that the NIC is Gigabit compatible. Such
cards should be designated with a maximum data throughput of 1000
Megabits per second (Mbps).
Furthermore it is important to know which kind of PCI interface the
NIC uses. The PCI-Express interface allows a faster and more stable
data transfer than ordinary PCI interfaces. Finally, NIC’s vary in the
used chipset. Strongly recommended are chipsets from Intel.
If you want to check your network connection or change parameters
please open the properties dialog of your LAN connection:
START → Control Panel → Network and Internet\Network Connections → Right-click
on your network connection: Select properties.
Dynamic Host Configuration
Protocol (DHCP) is active if
obtain
an
IP
address
automatically is selected.
Alternatively
configuration
manually.
the
can
network
be set
There are different ways to connect one or several PCO GigE
cameras to a computer. This chapter provides an overview of the
various connectivity options, for detailed configuration see chapter
A2.3.
58
A2 GIGABIT ETHERNET INTERFACE
A2.2.1 SINGLE CAMERA
Camera to computer via Point to Point connection, i.e. direct
connection via LAN cable.
Connect NIC and camera via patch cable directly.
Use the Calibration Tool (see. A2.3) to configure IP address and
subnet mask.
A2.2.2 SEVERAL CAMERA SYSTEMS
Via a switch with DHCP server:
NIC and cameras obtain the IP addresses automatically by a DHCP
server.
Via switch without a DHCP server:
Camera and NIC IP addresses have to be set manually. The first three
sections of camera and NIC IP must be identical. The fourth section
of each camera and NIC IP can be any value between 1 and 255, but
may not be the same for both devices. For example: NIC IP
192.168.144.10; a proper camera IP would be 192.168.144.100. The
Subnet mask must be exactly the same, e.g 255.255.255.0.
Note with this configuration: The transmission rates of switch and
network card are limited. Standard Gigabit Ethernet components
transmit 125MB/s. Using two or more pco.dimax cameras this
transmission rate is clearly exceeded. Therefore a Packet Delay
must be configured (see A2.3.5.2). Otherwise a loss-free
transmission can not be guaranteed.
Use the Calibration Tool to configure these settings, see A2.3.
Camera1 IP:
192.168.144.200
Sub: 255.255.255.0
Camera2 IP:
192.168.144.201
Sub: 255.255.255.0
NIC IP: 192.168.144.10
Subnet: 255.255.255.0
59

Camera3 IP:
192.168.144.202
Sub: 255.255.255.0
Via several NIC’s at one computer:
Camera and NIC IP addresses have to be set manually. Each camera
NIC pair needs a separate network IP range but the same subnet.
The following example shows how to calibrate IP addresses when
connecting cameras to individual NIC’s. Most important is that
camera IP address and Subnet and NIC IP address and subnet have
to match.
Use the Calibration Tool to configure these settings, see A2.3.
Camera1 IP:
192.168.144.200
Sub: 255.255.255.0

Camera2 IP:
192.168.145.200
Sub: 255.255.255.0
Camera3 IP:
192.168.146.200
Sub: 255.255.255.0
NIC1 IP: 192.168.144.10
Subnet: 255.255.255.0
NIC2 IP: 192.168.145.10
Subnet: 255.255.255.0
NIC3 IP: 192.168.146.10
Subnet: 255.255.255.0
This step is individual for each NIC. For instance, the receive and
transmit buffers of the Intel Ethernet Server Adapter I210 T1, I350
T2 or I350 T4 are set with its Performance options dialog. Its
maximum size is 2048, see A2.3.3.
A2.2.3 NETWORK ENVIRONMENT/PATCH CABLE
A correct configuration of the network is important for the throughput
of the image data, which could be brought out. It is mandatory that
any component used for the network connection between camera
and computer is compatible with a data throughput of 1000 Mbps.
Some of these components are the NIC, router, hub, switch, etc., but
also the patch cable.
The quality of patch cables is specified in categories. It is necessary
to use category 5e-, 6-, or 7- patch cables for a network connection
with a data throughput of 1000 Mbps.
60
A2 GIGABIT ETHERNET INTERFACE
A2.3 CALIBRATION TOOL
Use this tool for each Network interface card (NIC) connected to your
PCO camera with GigE interface.
The PCO GigE Calibration Tool is part of the PCO software package
and is started automatically after the PCO GigE Driver installation and
is automatically linked to your desktop.
Start→All programs→Digital Camera Toolbox→pco.gigeG2→GigECalib (Win 7)
Start→All Apps→Digital Camera Toolbox→ GigECalib (Win10)
The purpose of this software:
• To set camera network parameter (Packet Delay)
• To change the network settings (IP address & subnet mask) of the
camera
• Display connected PCO GigE cameras
• To check if the network is configured correctly.
1
2
How does it work?
The Start Dialog offers two possibilities:
1
• Choose Set Network and Packet Delay (SET≫) to calibrate
network parameters like IP address, Subnet mask and Packet
Delay.
2
• Or choose Test Camera Image Transfer Datarate (TEST≫) to
test the image transfer of all PCO GigE cameras correctly
connected to your PC.
A2.3.1 FIRMWARE WARNING
If this message pops up after you click SET≫,
you need to update the firmware of the GigE
interface card.
Please download the latest firmware from PCO
website. Choose Support and your camera
model.
Otherwise the calibration is not possible,
because the driver requires a new firmware
version.
61
A2.3.2 NETWORK AND PACKET DELAY
The dialog Camera Network Settings allows you to
set the Packet-Delay and to change the PCO GigE
Camera network settings.
The Packet Delay value indicates the delay (in µs)
inserted between each ethernet packet of the image
payload data. This can be used as a crude flowcontrol mechanism, if the application or the network
infrastructure cannot keep up with the ethernet
packets coming from the device. A packet delay
always slows down data rate.
NOTE
If Packet Delay is
increased, the data
transfer
rate
is
decreased.
Table Delay Time and Transmit rate
Delay
(µs)
MB/s
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
97
58
28
23
18
15
12.5
11
9.5
8.8
Max. data-rate via GigE Ethernet: 1000 Mbit/sec ~ 125 MB/sec; 8 to10 bit
coding ~ 100 MB/sec
A2.3.3 JUMBO PACKETS / BUFFER SETTINGS
Please open the Properties of your network adapter and select
configure to change these parameters. Then select the Advanced
tab.
Start → control panel → change adapter settings → right-click→ properties →
configure → advanced (Win7)
Increasing the buffer and packet size helps to increase the
achievable data rate which can be measured with the calib
tool.
Furthermore to set the buffer sizes to their maximum help to
decrease the loss of data packets (images) while
transferring data from camera to network interface card.
Transmit / receive buffer
For some NIC’s you have the opportunity to set parameters
manually affecting the stability of the data transfer. The most
important ones are Transmit and Receive Buffer.
Always set the value of these parameters to its maximum.
Jumbo packet
If your network adapter supports Jumbo Packet please
activate them, because overheads and CPU cycles are
reduced.
All of your network components must be Jumbo Packet
compatible.
62
A2 GIGABIT ETHERNET INTERFACE
A2.3.4 SET CAMERA IP ADDRESS & SUBNET MASK
Make sure that the Camera IP Address (Cam
IP) and the Camera Network Mask (Cam
Subnet) fit to the Network Interface Card (NIC
IP & NIC Subnet) connected to. Everything is
correct, if all values are highlighted in green.
If Camera IP or Subnet is not correct, it will be
highlighted in red 1. . The first three sections of
Camera and NIC IP must be identical. The
fourth section between 1 and 255.
For example: NIC IP 192.168.144.49; a proper
camera IP would be 192.168.144.100.
The Subnet mask must be exactly the same,
e.g 255.255.255.0.
You can only change Camera IP & Subnet, not
the NIC IP & Subnet with this tool.
1
2
3
Please double-click onto the table 2 to
manipulate the value. Press the Set 3 button
to validate the changings. After configuration is
finished click Done. 4
4
The next step is to check, if IP and Subnet
configuration is correct: click Set≫ 5 again to
check, if all values are highlighted in green.
5
6
Finally always Test≫ 6 your settings.
See next page.
63
A2.3.5 IMAGE TRANSFER DATA RATE
First click Test≫ 1 then, please double-click
into the Select 2 column of the table to select
the camera. If a camera is not highlighted green
the camera cannot be selected for testing. If
more than one camera is selected, the cameras
are going to be tested in parallel. Please use the
Packet-Delay parameter 3 as a crude flow
control mechanism. E.g. if two PCO GigE
Camera are connected to a single GigE Port (for
example via a network switch) the sum of the
bandwithes has to be smaller than the
maximum datarate possible to transfer via GigE
(100 MB/s; see above).
1
2
3
4
Please press the Next >> 4 button to open the
Camera Test dialog.
A2.3.6 CAMERA TEST
55
All cameras selected in the
Select Camera dialog are listed
here. If the View box is checked
the transferred images are
displayed. Please click the Run
Test 5 button to begin the
Camera
Transfer Test. The
6
test grabs images from each
camera listed – the images from
each camera are transferred in parallel! The whole Camera
Transfer Test succeeds only, if each Single Camera Transfer Test
succeeds. With a Single Camera Transfer Test 100 images are
transferred and it fails, when more than 0.1% of all transferred
ethernet packets got lost.
If a Single Camera Transfer Test and so the Camera Transfer Test
for all connected cameras fails, the first thing to do is to check the
Packet Delay value. It indicates the delay (in µs) inserted between
each ethernet packet of the image payload data. This can be used as
a crude flow-control mechanism. If the application or the network
infrastructure cannot keep up with the ethernet packets coming from
the device. So, if a Single Camera Transfer Test fails, increase the
Packet Delay value. If everything is finished click Done 6 .
NOTE
The Gen2 GigE maximum data rate is about 100 MB/s, if you have
a pco.dimax camera with the Gen1 GigE interface card, the
maximum data rate is up to 68 MB/s.
64
A2 GIGABIT ETHERNET INTERFACE
A2.3.7 TOOL TIPS
If you want to enable/disable Tool Tips please
run the PCO GiGE Calibration Tool. Click the
About button of the Start Dialog and
activate/deactivate the Enable Tool Tips check
box.
Enable Expert view: all setting options are
enabled.
Tool Tips can help you to understand
the functionality of the calibration
tool. Packet Delay and other settings
are explained in detail.
A2.3.8 HELP GUIDE
• If your camera is not recognized, please deactivate Firewall and
Antivirus programs
• Install original driver of your network interface card (e.g. intel
driver) guaranteeing full performance
• Always install the latest PCO GigE driver
• Pay attention to the network interface card buffer settings (see
A2.3.3)
• If the calib tool tells you to update the firmware, please
download and install the latest firmware for your camera
65
A2.4 PERFORMANCE
The following tables give two example configurations, minimum and
recommended. The specified values are only valid for these
configurations and should act as an orientation.
Setup
Minimum
NIC
1000Mbps NIC with
standard PCI interface
NIC configuration
Recommended
1000Mbps NIC with PCIExpress interface
(e.g. Intel Ethernet Server
Adapter I210 T1, I350 T2
or I350 T4.)
Receive / transmit buffer is set to maximum
Network connection
Patch cable
Additional network
components
Network
environment
Driver
Packet delay /max
speed mode
Computer
Operating system
P2P or via switch
(e.g. NetGear GS 605)
Cat 5e
switch, hub, router are
compatible to
1000Mbps
-
20µs / off
P2P
Cat 5e or higher
No additional
components
virus protection/ firewall
inactive
GigE driver installed
0 µs / off
INTEL® Core™ i5 CPU;
2.4 GHz; 4GB RAM
Win 7/8 – x64/x86
INTEL® Core™ i7 CPU;
2.8 GHz; 8GB RAM
Win 7/8/10 – x64
NOTE
Data throughput performance depends on sensor resolution.
66
A3 ACCESSORIES
A3 ACCESSORIES
Available accessories for pco.dimax cs camera systems.
A3.1 BREAKOUT CABLE
Standard equipment for every pco.dimax cs
camera.
Connectors:
• RJ45 Cat6 cable for GigE interface (3m)
• BNC Trig in (2m)
• BNC Sync in (2m)
• XLR cable for power supply (0.5m)
A3.2 EXTENSION BOX
2
1
6
7
9
11
3
BNC:
5
4
12
The pco.extension box is optional for the pco.dimax cs. It
manages all connection options of the camera system.
1 I/O: Input/Output: TTL status out/ busy or exposure
time (0 and 5V)
2 Sync In: TTL signal for frame / single frame trigger
(5kOhm after ground)
3 Trig In: T0, Record stop, Acquire trigger, TTL or
Contact closure possible (5kOhm after +5V)
8
10
4 12V out: two 12V output connectors (1.5A) for external
devices e.g. HD-SDI monitor; (input voltage ≥ 15V)
Pin1
Pin2
12V out (±5%)
n/a
Pin3
Pin4
n/a
GND
Socket: Lemo EEG.0B.304.CLN (Fitting male connector:
FGG.0B.304.CLAD52Z)
67
5 Cam: connection to camera; Lemo EEG.2B.318.CLN see A1.2
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Function
Ethernet AEthernet DEthernet BEthernet B+
Ethernet C+
Status (to BNC)
+SUPPLY
+SUPPLY
SYNC+ (to BNC)
Pin
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
Function
SYNC- (to BNC)
-SUP (GND)
-SUP (GND)
Ethernet A+
Ethernet D+
Ethernet CStatus (to BNC)
TRG+ (to BNC)
TRG- (to BNC)
These BNC signals are transmitted differentially. Extension box
includes TTL to RS485 converters.
6 GigE: standard RJ45 Ethernet plug
NOTE
When working with
Extension box please
be aware to invert
signal polarity at the
acquire enable (Trig In
BNC input) for TTL
signal type.
Pin 1
Pin 4
7 LED:
Orange LED: voltage is applied
Green LED: power switch is set to on
Blue LED: green LED will change to blue for 2s if a trigger signal is
received
8 Batt In:
Pin1
Pin2
External battery
pco.battery pack
Pin3
Pin4
Socket:
Lemo EEG.0B.304.CLN
FGG.0B.304.CLAD52Z)
n/a
GND
(Fitting
male
connector:
9 On/Off: pull this switch and then turn it up or down (Safety switch)
4 8
10 Trigger button: push button trigger generates an internal pulse
(700µs) to the Trig In BNC socket as OR gate.
11 Power: 12-48V XLR /Neutrik socket (fitting connector e.g.
NC3MX-BAG)
Pin1
Pin2
GND
+Voltage
Pin3
n/a
Power supply (provided):
24V 2.71A (65W) for 90/250 VAC
12 Mounting Threads:
2x M4, 3x ¼ inch, 2x M6 holes.
68
A3 ACCESSORIES
A3.3 CHANGE F-MOUNT TO C-MOUNT / FOCAL DISTANCE
Instructions on how to change the optical input from F-mount to Cmount:
Step 1: Remove F-mount Adapter
Grasp the F-mount adapter at the blue ring (counter ring) and turn it
counter clockwise.
F-mount adapter
Step 2: Remove F-mount Ring
Unscrew these six Allen screws and carefully unmount the F-mount
ring.
Step 3: C-Mount Adapter
The next step is to mount the C-Mount adapter with the six Allen
screws.
Limitations of C-mount lenses
Keep in mind that C-mount lenses could cause shadings at the edges
of big sized sensors. Most C-mount lenses are able to illuminate a
maximum image circle of 11 mm (2/3”), 16 mm (1”) or 22 mm (4/3”)
diameter only. The pco.dimax cs cameras have a sensor diagonal
from 18.17 to 31.36 mm, it follows that you have to use the ROI
function for a shade less image while using the c-mount adapter with
smaller C-mount diameters.
Adjust Focal Distance
In case you need to adjust the flange focal distance (e.g. you cannot
focus to infinity or to the minimum object distance of your lens),
please proceed as follows:
Turn the blue ring counterclockwise until it is loose. Then hold the
blue ring in position and turn the front part of the F-mount adapter in
any direction until the image is getting sharp at the desired distance.
Then turn the blue ring clockwise in order to fix the position.
69
A4 IMAGE FILE FORMATS
There are different file formats available for saving camera images
with Camware:
b16
The b16 16 bit format is similar to the bmp format. However, 16 bit
pixel values are used instead of 8 bit pixel values.
The file format consists either of a Basic Header (six Long-parameter)
or of an Extended Header (32 Long-parameter), the latter of which is
optionally for additional information. There might follow a variable
comment field (ASCII code). Finally, there is the actual data set that is
saved linearly (as in the case of BMP files).
With the exception of the first value, all parameters are Long Integers
(4 Byte). The first six parameters must always exist. The rest of the
parameters, as well as the comment field, are optional.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Parameter
PCOfile size
header length
image width
image height
extended header
color mode
b/w min
b/w max
b/w linlog
Function
the first 4 byte are the characters PCOfile size in byte
header size + comment filed in byte
image width in pixel
image height in pixel
-1 (true), extended header follows
0 = black/with camera, 1 = color camera
black/white LUT-setting, minimum value
black/white LUT-setting, maximum value
black/white LUT-setting,
0 = linear, 1 = logarithmic
red LUT-setting, minimum value
red LUT-setting, maximum value
green LUT-setting, minimum value
green LUT-setting, maximum value
blue LUT-setting, minimum value
blue LUT-setting, maximum value
color LUT-setting, 0 = linear, 1 = logarithmic
11
red min
12
red max
13
green min
14
green max
15
blue min
16
blue max
17
color linlog
18

internal use
266
Comment file in ASCII characters with variable length of 0…XX.
The length of the comment filed must be documented in the header length
field.
16 bit pixel data
W
line
1,
pixel
1
value of the first pixel
W
line
1,
pixel
2
value of the second pixel
e
…
…
PCO recommends that all images should be saved first in the b16
or TIFF format. The advantage is to have the b16 or tiff images
available all the time. You will always have the maximum 16 bit
information. Please note that not all image analysis programs can
accommodate 16 bit data. The 8 bit format saves only the information
displayed on the monitor screen. The 16 bit information will be lost
and cannot be displayed later.
70
A4 IMAGE FILE FORMATS
pcoraw
This 16 bit PCO file format is based on the BigTIFF format, thus
allowing for file size > 4GB. A new PCO proprietary compression
scheme is added in case it is necessary.
Standard File Formats
TIFF
Tag Image File Format, version 6.0 and lower. There is a 16bit
monochrome and color image format.
BMP
Windows Bitmap Format, b/w or color 8 bit format images, which
have been saved in BMP format can’t be reloaded in Camware - only
as 8 bit images, i.e. part of the original information (16 bit) is lost.
FTS
Flexible Image Transport System, Version 3.1. There is a 16 bit image
format. The NASA/Science Office of Standards and Technology
(NOST) has defined this format. Some programs use the FIT
extension for this format.
ASCII
16 bit format, some mathematical programs prefer ASCII data.
JPG
JPEG (named after the Joint Photographic Experts Group who
created the standard) is a commonly used method of lossy
compression for photographic images. The degree of compression
can be adjusted, allowing a selectable tradeoff between storage size
and image quality.
JP2
JPEG 2000 is a wavelet-based image compression standard and
coding system. It was created by the Joint Photographic Experts
Group committee in the year 2000 with the intention of superseding
their original discrete cosine transform-based JPEG standard
(created 1992).
AVI
Audio Video Interleave is a multimedia container format introduced by
Microsoft in November 1992 as part of its Video for Windows
technology.
MPG
MPEG-1, similar to JPEG, is a standard for lossy compression of
video and audio developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group
(MPEG).
WMV
Windows Media Video (WMV) is a compressed video compression
format for several proprietary codecs developed by Microsoft. The
original video format, known as WMV, was originally designed for
Internet streaming applications, as a competitor to RealVideo.
71
A5 CUSTOMER SERVICE
A5.1 SERVICE
The camera is designed to operate with no need of special
adjustments or periodic inspections.
A5.2 MAINTENANCE
CAUTION
NOTICE
NOTICE
NOTICE
NOTICE
UNPLUG CAMERA BEFORE CLEANING
Risk of injury due to electrical shock!
 Unplug the camera from any power supply before cleaning it.
CLEANING
 Use a soft, dry cloth for cleaning the camera.
 Do not clean the input window unless it is absolutely
necessary.
 Be careful and avoid scratches and damage to the input
window surface.
 Do not use liquid cleaners or sprays.
LENS CLEANING
 The lens is best cleaned with pressurized air or with liquid
cleaners such as pure alcohol or with special optical
cleaners that are available at high quality photo stores.
 Use a cotton swab dipped in pure alcohol or optical cleaning
liquid and wipe only on the glass surface.
 Do not get any cleaning liquid on the metallic parts such as
the lens thread, because tiny detached particles may scratch
the surface.
CLEANING LIQUIDS
Aggressive cleaning liquids can damage your camera.
 Never use aggressive cleaning liquids such as gasoline,
acetone, spirits or nitro cleanser.
 Every time the input window is cleaned, there is the
possibility of surface damage.
PROTECTIVE CAP
Always store the camera with the protective cap or with a lens
mounted to avoid dust and dirt on the input window.
A5.3 RECYCLING
If you want to dispose your camera, please send it to PCO or take it
to a local recycling center.
The camera includes electronic devices, which can contain materials
harmful to the environment. These electronic devices must be
recycled.
72
A5 CUSTOMER SERVICE
A5.4 LOGFILE / SUPPORT FILE
If you have a question, which is not adequately addressed in this
manual, please contact PCO or your local dealer.
To speed your request, we need the following information:
Short description of the problem
Description of your application
Camera settings
Type and version of camera
Software being used
Camera serial number
Operating system (PC)
Processor type (PC)
Memory
Graphic card
Graphic card setup
How to create a logfile:
Enable log files:
Repeat
Open the Help
Menu
Save this file
Or visit our
website:
? Help Menu → Logging → Enable
Logfile →Camware will ask you to
press NO to activate Logfiles after
restart of Camware
the workflow which produces the
faults
Click Support Mail (+ Support File) →
Camware will ask you: Generate
support file?
(CWSupport.zip – don’t rename it)
and send it to PCO Support
([email protected])
http://www.pco.de/support/ and
upload the support file with our
support form
Repair
Before sending the camera for repair, first contact your local dealer
or PCO respectively.
When shipping the camera for repair, be certain to carefully pack the
camera with proper shipping materials. If possible use the original
packaging. Use the protection cap to protect the camera on the lens
thread.
73
A5.5 TROUBLE SHOOTING
Communication problems (camera is not detected)
• Take a look at the LEDs and note their state
• Disconnect and reconnect your interface , then wait for Beep
(about 1 min) and start Camware camera search again
• If this does not work – please test another interface
o Restart your camera by plugging off /on power supply: look
at LED sequence and note their state
o all LEDs are off for several seconds (if the break time was too
short, it might be possible that last LED status will be shown
again)
o all LEDs light up (red, green and blue)
o green LED is blinking for several seconds, then green
continuous, all other LEDs off
o red LED means initializing failed
• Please show us your log-files including extra information (any
other abnormalities / camera equipped with a battery?)
Image Error (e.g. quadrant error)
Please describe your error (send us a Raw B16 or TIFF screenshot)
Fan control
The pco.dimax has a fan control. After starting or restarting your
camera fan runs with highest rotation (noisy) and should slow down
after about 30s.
GigE-Connection
After start-up or (re)connection of GigE cable or by pushing the resetknob at the backside of the pco.dimax, the connection of the GigE
interface will be reassembled.
A short beep signalizes a physical network connection- this has
nothing to do with pco camera driver (only so much of course that a
operating network connection is required for the pco camera driver)
A repetitive sequence of beeps signalizes that an infected cable is
detected but no communication is possible (auto negotiation failed).
Firmware, Software and Driver Update
You will find all necessary software and drivers on the accompanying
USB storage device.
For the latest versions please check our website:
http://www.pco.de/support/supportProducts/high-speed-cameras/
74
A6 INDEX
A6 INDEX
NOTE:
The mentioned page is
always the starting
page of a chapter!
Key word
Auto Save Mode
Averaging
Chapter
6.8.1
Page
39
6.5
33
Acquire mode
6.3.5
24
C-mount change
A3.3
69
A2.1.1
57
6
14
Codec Dialog
6.9.2
42
Connection options
A1.4
52
CDI mode
6.3.3
23
Contrast settings (Convert control)
6.3.7
30
Cable length
Camware software
Cuda (nvidia) driver
4.1
9
A1.1
51
6.9.1
41
Dimensions
A1.3
53
Direct record to file
6.9.2
42
Double image mode
6.3.3
23
4.2 ; A2
10; 56
Extension Box
A3.2
67
File formats
Focal distance
A4
70
A3.3
69
Frame rate
6.3.1
18
GigE configuration
A2
56
IIR low pass filter
Image Overlay
6.5
33
Data sheet
Demo mode (Camware)
Driver installation
Input / Output possibilities
Interface
6.4
32
6.3.6 ; A1.2
28; 52
A2
56
Internal Memory
6.3.4
24
Lemo Connector
A1.2
52
Logfile
6.9.7
46
Live preview
6.9.4
45
Master Settings
Mount change
6.2
15
A3.3
69
Options
6.9.2
42
Preview
6.2
15
Rear connections
Recorder modes
A1.2
52
6.3.5
24
Recorder memory
6.3.4
24
Recycling
A5.3
72
Region of interest (Sensor ROI)
6.3.2
22
Rescan for cameras
6.9.3
44
ROI window
6.3.2
22
Safety instructions
Save / Open / Print files
Settings Overview
2
7
6.9.2
42
6.8
38
Sequence trigger mode
6.3.5
24
Short Cut List
6.9.9
49
A5
72
Synchronization
6.3.1
18
Time stamp
Timing
6.3.5
24
6.3.1
18
Trigger Mode
6.3.1
18
White Balance
6.9.9
47
Support
75
ABOUT PCO
ABOUT PCO
pco.
In 1987, PCO was founded with the objective to develop and to
produce specialized fast and sensitive video camera systems, mainly
for scientific applications. Meanwhile the product range of PCO
cameras covers digital camera systems with high dynamic range,
high resolution, high speed and low noise, which are sold in the
scientific and industrial market all over the world.
Currently PCO is one of the leading manufacturers of scientific
cameras. Worldwide representatives, together with our own sales
department and technical support assure that PCO keeps in touch
with our customers and their needs. The actual wide range of
specialized camera systems is the result of technical challenge and
product specific know-how. A design according to advanced
techniques, a high standard of production and strict quality controls
guaranty a reliable operation of the cameras. Our own developments
in conjunction with an excellent contact to leading manufacturers of
image sensors ensure our access to state-of-the-art CCD- and
CMOS-technology for our cameras.
Since 2001, PCO is located in its own facility building in Kelheim at
the shore of the beautiful and international river Danube. Here in the
county Bavaria, which is well known for its excellent support and
conditions for high technology companies, we share the benefits of
the simple access to high performance products and services in the
surrounding area.
Kelheim itself is a historical town, first documented in 866. The small
city is founded at the confluence of the Danube and the Altmühl,
which has been converted into the Rhine-Main-Danube bypass
channel for water transport. Located in Danube-valley, it is the heart
of a beautiful river and forest covered lime plateau landscape. It´s
landmark, the Hall of Liberation, was built by Ludwig I. in 1863 on the
Mount Michael and is visible from all over the city and valley. The
beautiful Danube-Gorge, which is protected as natural monument
since 1840, is located between Kelheim and the famous abbey
Weltenburg.
76
pco.
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