Water Meter Implementation with
TI Designs: Reference Designs
Water Meter Implementation with MSP430FR4xx User's
Guide
TI Designs
Design Features
TI Designs provide the foundation that you need
including methodology, testing, and design files to
quickly evaluate and customize the system. TI Designs
help you accelerate your time to market.
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•
•
•
•
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Design Resources
TIDM-FRAM-WATERMETER
Design Folder
MSP430FR4133
DRV8837
TPS78233
SN65HVD75
TSS721A
Product Folder
Product Folder
Product Folder
Product Folder
Product Folder
Magnetic Pulse Measurement
2.9 µA Standby Current
Nonvolatile On-Chip FRAM Real-Time Storage
RS-485 AMR
Support NFC and Sub-1 GHz BoosterPack™
Battery Voltage Monitor
Featured Applications
•
Water Meter
ASK Our E2E Experts
WEBENCH® Calculator Tools
8888.8.8.8.8
LCD
Wireless
BoosterPack
20pin
LaunchPad
connector
From sensor
Sub-1GHz
CC1120
NFC
RF430CL330H
MSP430FR4133
RS-485
SN65HVD75
Motor
Driver
M-Bus
TSS721A
DRV8837
Battery
LDO
TPS78233
An IMPORTANT NOTICE at the end of this TI reference design addresses authorized use, intellectual property matters and other
important disclaimers and information.
All trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
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1
Overview
1
Overview
1.1
Smart water meter
www.ti.com
Water meters measure the water flow in residential and commercial buildings in which a system for a
public water supply is implemented. Most traditional water meters are mechanical meters. This kind of
meter converts the water flow to the movement of a rotating disc. Each rotation is directly equated to a
given volume of water. The functions of mechanical water meters include showing water flow
measurement with mechanical pointers. Users can read the water flow by reading the meter dial as shown
in Figure 1.
Figure 1. Mechanical Water Meter Dial
With the development of technology, mechanical water meters are gradually being replaced by electronic
meters or smart meters. Usually, smart water meters integrate an electronic sensor in mechanical water
meters. The normally used sensor is a reed switch, hall-effect sensor, or photoelectric coding register.
After processing by the microcontroller unit (MCU) in the electronic module, the water flow data are
transmitted to the LCD or output to an information management system.
The smart water meter comprises two main categories:
1. Prepaid Water Meter
The typical prepaid water meter is an IC card water meter. This new type of water meter combines
modern microelectronics, electronic sensors, and smart-IC-card technology to measure water
consumption, transmit data about water flow, and settle accounts. In addition to water flow recording
and an LCD, the meter can also calculate water bills using the time-sharing charging standard.
Because the data transmission and settlement are conducted through IC cards, users can pay their
bills in the office. See Figure 2.
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Overview
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Figure 2. Prepaid Water Meter
2. Automatic Meter Reading Water Meter
Automatic meter reading (AMR) is the technology that automatically collects consumption, diagnostics,
and status of the water meter and transmits the data to a central database for billing, troubleshooting,
and analyzing. This technology saves vendors the expense of periodic trips to each physical location to
read a meter. Another advantage is that billing can be based on real-time consumption rather than on
estimates. This timely information coupled with analysis can help both vendors and customers to better
control water production and water consumption.
As shown in Figure 3, AMR is based on wired or wireless transmission technology, such as Meter-Bus
and GPRS.
Figure 3. Automatic Meter Reading Water Meter
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Overview
1.2
www.ti.com
Mechanical Water Meter to Electronic Water Meter
In smart water meters, a sensor converts the water flow to an electrical signal, which can be accepted and
processed by the MCU. Several kinds of sensors can be used for this purpose, such as a reed switch,
hall-effect sensor, infrared photoelectric coding register, thick film resistor, and LC sensor. For more
information about LC-sensor-type water meters, please refer to http://www.ti.com/tool/TIDM-3LC-METERCONV.
Most smart water meters use reed switches or hall-effect sensors to count and measure water usage. In
this kind of meter, a magnet is mounted on one rotating disc of the mechanical meter. The reed sensor is
conveniently mounted on a PCB to sense the magnet each time it completes a revolution and send out a
pulse signal to the MCU.
Figure 4. Electromagnetic Pulse Measure Principle
1.3
MSP430FR4133 in a Water Meter
MSP430FR4xx is a new ultra-low-power MSP430 FRAM-based microcontroller series. The abundant
peripherals such as the FRAM, LCD_E, and eUSCI modules and the ultra-low-power features are very
suitable in water meter applications.
• Ultra-Low-Power: The MSP430FR4133 MCU has 5 low-power modes. The power consumption is
under 1 µA when MSP430FR4133 is in LPM3.5 with RTC Counter and LCD_E modules on, which is
ideal for battery-powered water meter applications.
• LCD_E: This new LCD module supports up to 4 × 36 or 8 × 32 LCD segments. The module allows the
user to configure all LCD pins to be either SEG or COM via software settings, which makes PCB
layout convenient and single-layer PCB possible. The LCD_E module also provides an internal charge
pump with an adjustable contrast control, which can keep consistent contrast during battery life.
• FRAM: FRAM is a nonvolatile memory that combines the speed, ultra low power, high endurance, and
flexibility of SRAM, and high reliability and stability of Flash. MSP430FR4133 contains 15.5 KB FRAM
and 2 KB SRAM. With FRAM, no external nonvolatile memory is required to store data in water meter
applications.
• ADC: The sample rate of the ADC10 module in MSP430FR4133 is up to 200 ksps. The on-chip
bandgap offers 1.2 V external reference and 1.5 V internal reference. With the ADC10 module, users
can monitor VCC voltage without additional external components. The ADC10 module can also be
used as an input for sensor signals in water meters with thick film.
• For electromagnetic-pulse water meters, both the GPIO and timer can be used to count the pulse. The
Timer_A in MSP430FR4133 can work in LPM3 low-power mode, which benefits power saving in water
meter applications.
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Getting Started
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2
Getting Started
2.1
Introduction
The TIDM-FRAM-WATERMETER reference design, featuring the MSP430FR4133 FRAM-based ultra-lowpower microcontroller, is a fully-functioning battery-powered platform for the water meter that allows users
to evaluate the MSP430FR4xx device in a water meter application.
The reference board design provides everything necessary for a water meter design, including an
interface for a reed-switch sensor, an LCD, and interfaces for wired and wireless AMR. The out-of-box
experience provides basic functions for water meter applications such as pulse count, valve control, and
AMR demo. All the hardware and software are available for developers to easily develop their own water
meter application.
Figure 5. TIDM-FRAM-WATERMETER
2.2
Features
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Magnetic pulse measurement
High measurement accuracy
4 × 24 LCD display
– Instantaneous flow
– Total flow
Ultra-low power
– MCU in LPM3 during standby
– 2.9 µA standby current with RTC, LCD, and RF
– 12 µA average power consumption, 10 years battery life with 1200 mAh battery
Nonvolatile FRAM technology for application and real-time data storage
Wired and wireless interface
– RS-485
– Meter-Bus
– RF430CL330HTB NFC BoosterPack
– CC1120 Evaluation Board Sub-1 GHz BoosterPack
Battery voltage monitor
Remote valve control
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Getting Started
2.3
Kit Contents
•
•
•
2.4
www.ti.com
1 × TIDM-FRAM-WATERMETER EVM board
1 × USB to RS-485 adapter
1 × 1200mAh Lithium battery
Out-of-Box Experience
To become familiar with this reference design, use its pre-programmed User Experience Code. This code
demonstrates key features from a user level.
Figure 6 in the next section shows the main parts of the board and the standard configuration for the outof-box experience. A detailed hardware description is given in Section 3.
To start, install the battery to power on the system and connect a pulse signal to the sensor interface. A
more detailed explanation of the operation can be found in Section 4.
The User Experience Source code and more code examples are provided for download at
http://www.ti.com/tool/TIDM-FRAM-WATERMETER. The code is licensed under BSD, and TI encourages
reuse and modifications to fit specific needs.
In the User Experience Software section all functions are described in detail, and a project structure is
provided to help users become familiar with the code.
Details on the Integrated Development Environment (IDE) installation process are provided in the IDE
user’s guides for IAR (SLAU138) and CCS (SLAU157).
These user’s guides also contain detailed step-by-step instructions on how to import projects into the
workspace. Links to the latest versions of these documents are always part of the IDE installations in the
Windows start menu.
Refer to www.ti.com/ccs for more details on Code Composer Studio (CCS) including getting started
videos. CCS covers all basic aspects in great detail (project creation, browsing, debugging, breakpoints,
and resource explorer).
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Hardware
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3
Hardware
This section describes the hardware design of TIDM-FRAM-WATERMETER EVM board. Figure 6 shows
an overview of the hardware.
Figure 6. EVM Overview
3.1
Block Diagram
The block diagram is shown in Figure 7.
8888.8.8.8.8
LCD
Wireless
BoosterPack
20pin
LaunchPad
connector
From sensor
Sub-1GHz
CC1120
NFC
RF430CL330H
MSP430FR4133
RS-485
SN65HVD75
Motor
Driver
M-Bus
TSS721A
DRV8837
Battery
LDO
TPS78233
Figure 7. Block Diagram
Note: MSP430FR4133, CC1120, TPS78233, DRV8837, SN65HVD75, RF430CL330H, and TSS721A are
devices of Texas Instruments.
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Hardware
3.2
3.2.1
www.ti.com
Hardware features
MSP430FR4133
64
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
P7.0/L0
P7.1/L1
P7.2/L2
P7.3/L3
P7.4/L4
P7.5/L5
P7.6/L6
P7.7/L7
P3.0/L8
P3.1/L9
P3.2/L10
P3.3/L11
P3.4/L12
P3.5/L13
P3.6/L14
P3.7/L15
MSP430FR4133 is a FRAM-based MCU device with 15.5 KB of nonvolatile memory and high-GPIO pin
count including a segment LCD controller. To learn more about this device, visit
www.ti.com/product/MSP430FR4133. The pinout of the PM64 package is shown in Figure 8.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
MSP430FR4133IPM
MSP430FR4132IPM
MSP430FR4131IPM
48
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
P6.0/L16
P6.1/L17
P6.2/L18
P6.3/L19
P6.4/L20
P6.5/L21
P6.6/L22
P6.7/L23
P2.0/L24
P2.1/L25
P2.2/L26
P2.3/L27
P2.4/L28
P2.5/L29
P2.6/L30
P2.7/L31
P1.7/TA0.1/TDO/A7
P1.6/TA0.2/TDI/TCLK/A6
P1.5/TA0CLK/TMS/A5
P1.4/MCLK/TCK/A4/VREF+
P1.3/UCA0STE/A3
P1.2/UCA0CLK/A2
P1.1/UCA0RXD/UCA0SOMI/A1/Veref+
P1.0/UCA0TXD/UCA0SIMO/A0/Veref–
P5.7/L39
P5.6/L38
P5.5/L37
P5.4/L36
P5.3/UCB0SOMI/UCB0SCL/L35
P5.2/UCB0SIMO/UCB0SDA/L34
P5.1/UCB0CLK/L33
P5.0/UCB0STE/L32
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
P4.7/R13
P4.6/R23
P4.5/R33
P4.4/LCDCAP1
P4.3/LCDCAP0
P4.2/XOUT
P4.1/XIN
DVSS
DVCC
RST/NMI/SBWTDIO
TEST/SBWTCK
P4.0/TA1.1
P8.3/TA1.2
P8.2/TA1CLK
P8.1/ACLK/A9
P8.0/SMCLK/A8
Figure 8. MSP430FR4133 Pinout
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3.2.2
Sensor Interface
The sensor interface can measure pulse signal from reed switch and hall effect sensor directly. The
frequency to be measured can be up to 9999 Hz so it is very easy to realize high accuracy measurement.
The measurement principle uses MSP430 Timer0_A3 as the pulse counter. Timer0_A3 operates without
any CPU intervention, allowing the CPU to remain in low-power mode. The CPU then wakes up and read
the TA0R register once per second. The TA0R value will be the instantaneous flow. See Figure 9 for the
measurement principle.
Figure 9. Measurement Principle
When the water meter is working, the system switches between 2 statuses.
TA0CLK and P1.5 share the same pin in MSP430FR4133. In standby status, for low-power design,
Timer0_A3 is disabled and P1.5 is configured as a GPIO function with interrupt. When the water meter
spins, the system enters into the measuring state. Timer0_A3 is then enabled and works as a counter,
and P1.5 is then configured as TA0CLK functionality as counter input. When the water meter stops
spinning for 5 seconds, the system will enter into standby status automatically to save power. The total
flow is stored in FRAM, so it will not be lost if the power unexpectedly shuts down.
3.2.3
Battery Voltage Monitor
Battery voltage measurement is executed once per minute, and the value is displayed on the segment
LCD.
The battery voltage monitor solution in this design does not require additional external components. The
ADC module in MSP430FR4133 allows the user to choose VCC as Vref+ reference, and measure 1.5 V
on-chip voltage reference. Then, the VCC can be calculated with the following formula:
VCC = 1.5 V × 1024 ÷ AD_result
(1)
If the VCC voltage >2.8 V, the first line on the LCD will display ‘nor’. If the VCC voltage <2.8 V, the LCD
will display ‘Low’ and the buzzer will beep to remind users to replace the battery.
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Hardware
3.2.4
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Wireless Connector
A 20-pin wireless connector on board supports most of TI’s wireless BoosterPack—such as Sub-1 GHz
and NFC—to feature the wireless AMR function of the water meter. See Figure 10 below. The
BoosterPack is not included in the kit content. For more information, please refer to Section 5 and the TI
website.
Figure 10. Wireless Booster Pack
3.2.5
Debug
The on-board connector J3 is a Spy-Bi-Wire debug interface. Spy-Bi-Wire is a serialized JTAG protocol
developed by Texas Instruments for MSP430. In this protocol only two wires are used instead of the usual
four pins for the general JTAG interface.
3.2.6
Valve Control
The motor driver device used for valve control is the DRV8837 from Texas Instruments.
The DRV8837 provides an integrated motor driver solution for low-voltage and battery-powered
applications for motion control. This motor driver can supply up to 1.8 A of output current. The DRV8837
operates on a motor-power supply voltage from 0 V to 11 V, and a device-power supply voltage of 1.8 V
to 7.0 V.
The DRV8837 has a PWM input interface and a PH/EN input interface. Both interfaces are compatible
with industry-standard devices. Internal shutdown functions are provided for over-current protection, shortcircuit protection, under-voltage lockout, and over-temperature protection.
J6 is a valve control connector. Table 1 shows the pin definition:
Table 1. Valve Control Connector Pin Definition
NAME
DESCRIPTION
OUT1
Drive valve forward to open the valve
OUT2
Drive valve reversal to close the valve
IN1
Valve position detection (Open)
IN2
Valve position detection (Close)
GND
10
Ground
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3.2.7
Wired AMR interface
The EVM supports an RS-485 interface. The transceiver part number is SN65HVD75. SN65HVD75 is 3.3
V-supply RS-485 with IEC ESD protection. For more information, please refer to
http://www.ti.com/product/SN65HVD75.
In this interface circuit, only transmit and receive pins are used. The direction of data transmission is
automatically controlled by the circuit. See Figure 11.
VCC_485
C7
VCC_485
0.1 uF
2
D
R3
U2
1
Q2
3
10 k
R
1
RDE 2
3
R5
10 k
D
4
R
GND
VCC
RE
DE
A
B
D
GND
8
A
B
6
7
R4
120
GND 4
3
AA
BB
2
1
VCC_EXT
5
J2
SN65HVD75
GND
GND
VCC_LDO
VCC_485 3
2
1
J9
Figure 11. RS-485 Circuit
A PC-based GUI demonstrates communication between the water meter and the PC. For hardware
support, a USB-to-RS-485 adapter is needed for protocol conversion.
For information on the Meter-Bus interface, please refer to http://www.ti.com/product/TSS721A.
3.2.8
LCD
A 4 × 24 segment LCD on board uses the first line to display instantaneous flow and the second line to
display total flow. Figure 12 shows the specs of the LCD.
Figure 12. LCD Specification
The LCD_E module in MSP430FR4133 supports up to 4 × 36 or 8 × 32 LCD segments. The module also
allows users to configure each LCD drive pin to be either SEG or COM via software settings, which is very
convenient for the PCB layout. The LCD_E module provides an internal charge pump with an adjustable
contrast control.
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Hardware
3.2.9
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Power
The EVM board can be powered by either the on-board battery or external power supply. Users can
switch the power method by switching the jumper on connector J8. By default, the board is powered by
the on-board lithium battery. Figure 13 shows the power system.
Figure 13. Power Supply
Motor driver DRV8837 is directly powered by a 3.7-V lithium battery. The other parts on board are
powered by TPS78233.
TPS78233 is a 3.3 V single-fixed output LDO. The quiescent current of TPS78233 is only 500 nA, and it is
very compatible with low-power applications with MSP430.
3.3
Design Files
Schematics and layout prints can be found in Section 8. All design files including schematics and layouts
in PDF and native format as well as the Bill of Materials, Gerber files, and TI-TXT firmware images are
made available in TIDM-FRAM-WATERMETER.
3.4
Hardware Change Log
Table 2. Hardware Change Log
4
PCB REVISION
DATE
AUTHOR
DESCRIPTION
Rev 1.0
8/31/2014
A0222632
Initial release for first prototype run.
Software
This section describes the functionality and structure of the User Experience Software that is preloaded on
the EVM.
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Software
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4.1
Source Code File Structure
The project is split into multiple files. This split enables users to navigate and reuse parts of the project.
Table 3. List of source files, folders
NAME
DESCRIPTION
main.c
The user experience demo main function, shared ISRs, etc
msp_wm430fr4_golbal.c
msp_wm430fr4_lcd.c
msp_wm430fr4_rs485.c
msp_wm430fr4_nfc.c
msp_wm430fr4_cc1120.c
Initialization functions
LCD driver
RS-485 driver
NFC driver (4.3.1)
Sub-1 GHz driver (4.3.2)
The firmware supports basic measurements and wired/wireless AMR. Users can choose what kind of
AMR method they prefer in the User_Config.h file, rebuild the project, and reprogram the MSP430FR4133
on the EVM. NFC and Sub-1 GHz BoosterPack share the same connector interface, so they cannot be
used or enabled in the firmware at the same time.
4.2
GUI
The TIDM-FRAM water meter GUI is a PC-based tool used to communicate with water meters via an RS485 interface. This tool provides users the ability to communicate with the water meter, set commands,
control valves, and so on. See Figure 14.
Figure 14. TIDM-FRAM Water Meter GUI
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Demo Examples
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5
Demo Examples
5.1
Magnetic pulse measurement
Step by step:
1. Install the battery and connect J8 to the ext side to power on the system.
2. Connect a pulse signal to the J1 IN2 channel connector. Channel IN1 is not enabled in current
firmware. In this demo, a motor board drives a rotor disc that has 8 magnets on it to emulate water
flow. Two reed switch sensors are on each side of the motor board. When the rotor disc spins, the
reed switch sensor generates the pulse signal. Figure 15 shows the demo setup.
Figure 15. Basic Demo Setup
3. When the rotor disc spins, the EVM board calculates the pulse per second as instantaneous flow and
adds it to the total flow. The first line of the LCD shows the instantaneous flow, and the second line
shows the total flow.
4. Measurement of the battery voltage will occur once per minute, and the LCD will show the value. See
Figure 16.
Figure 16. Battery monitor
If voltage >2.8 V, the first line on the LCD will show "nor", which means "normal". If voltage <2.8 V, the
first line on the LCD will show "Low".
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5.2
5.2.1
Wired AMR
RS-485
Before running the demo, users must install the USB to RS-485 adapter driver for data communication,
and Microsoft .Net Framework 4.0 for GUI. The install file can be found in the Software\GUI folder of
tidc664.zip.
1. Connect J2 to a PC or laptop with the USB to RS-485 adapter. Put the jumper to the right side of the
J9 connector.
2. Launch TI FRAM Water Meter GUI in the Software\GUI folder of tidc664.zip. When the GUI runs, the
screen shown in Figure 17 is displayed.
Figure 17. Startup Screen
3. To select the COM port to which the adapter is attached, click the Select COM button. In the dropdown menu, select the appropriate COM port for the adapter. More than one COM port may be listed
in the COM window. To identify the appropriate COM port for the adapter, open Windows Device
Manager and select the COM port with the name "Prolific USB-to-Serial Comm Port", then click
connect. If the connection is successful, the light will turn green.
Figure 18. COM Port
4. When the COM port is open, the Select COM port button is disabled, and the Command button is
enabled. Users can choose commands in the Command combo box and send it to the meter by
clicking the Send Command button.
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Demo Examples
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Figure 19. Command box
The GUI supports 9 commands:
• Read_SN: Read the meter serial number. The default SN of the EVM is 0x01, 0x02, 0x03, 0x04, 0x05,
0x06, 0x07.
• Set_SN: Set the meter serial number.
• Read_RTC: Read meter local time
• Set_RTC: Calibrate meter time
• Read_data: Read meter data
• Set_data/Calibrate: Set or calibrate meter flow data
• Open_Valve: Open valve*
• Close_Valve: Close valve*
*Need valve support. A valve is needed for this demo.
Figure 20. RS-485 Demo Setup
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Demo Examples
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5.3
Wireless AMR
The TIDM-FRAM-WATERMETER EVM board has a 20-pin connector. This connector supports wireless
BoosterPacks such as NFC and Sub-1 GHz that feature wireless AMR in the water meter.
5.3.1
NFC
1. Apply the NFC BoosterPack to the EVM board.
2. Download the NFC firmware into MSP430FR4133. For more firmware information, please refer to
Section 4.
3. Put an NFC reader such as a smart phone with an NFC antenna close to the NFC BoosterPack. The
tag information will be sent to the phone and shown on the screen. The content of the tag includes the
meter number, total flow data, and the last recorded time. See Figure 21:
Figure 21. NFC AMR Demo
For more information about NFC, please refer to www.ti.com/NFC.
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Demo Examples
5.3.2
www.ti.com
Sub-1 GHz
1. Apply the CC1120 BoosterPack to EVM board.
2. Download the CC1120 firmware into MSP430FR4133. For more firmware information, please refer to
Section 4.
3. A receiver board is needed in this demo. When the demo runs, the CC1120 BoosterPack sends a data
package out once per minute. The package includes the meter number and total flow data.
4. When receiver board receives the data package, the content of the package such as the board number
and total flow data will be displayed on the receiver board.
Figure 22. Sub-1 GHz AMR Demo
The CC1120 BoosterPack is made by a third-party V-Chip and can be found at
http://www.digirf.com/EN/ProView/80.html.
For more information about CC1120, please refer to www.ti.com/wireless.
18
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Test
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6
Test
6.1
Pulse measurement
120
FLUKE 190-202 SCOPEMETER
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
0
10
20
30
40
50 60 70
Water Meter
80
90 100 110 120
D001
Figure 23. Pulse measurement
Figure 23 shows the pulse count measured by TIDM-FRAM-WATERMETER and FLUKE 190-202
SCOPEMETER. The results are the same.
6.2
Power consumption
Table 4. Power Consumption
7
WORKING MODE
CURRENT
Standby Mode
2.9 µA @ 25°C
Measuring Mode
Average 12 µA @ 25°C
Reference
1. MSP430FR4133 Datasheet
2. MSP430FR4xx User’s Guide
3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_metering
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Design Files
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8
Design Files
8.1
Schematics
To download the schematics, see the design files at TIDM-FRAM-WATERMETER.
S0
S1
S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
S7
S8
S9
S10
S11
S12
S13
S14
S15
VCC_430
64
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
P7.0/L0
P7.1/L1
P7.2/L2
P7.3/L3
P7.4/L4
P7.5/L5
P7.6/L6
P7.7/L7
P3.0/L8
P3.1/L9
P3.2/L10
P3.3/L11
P3.4/L12
P3.5/L13
P3.6/L14
P3.7/L15
C42
0.1 uF
1
2
3
4
5
6
0.1 uF
7
8
9
RST/SBWTDIO10
TEST/SBWTCK11
12
BEEPER
13
DRVEN
14
TA1CLK
15
IN1
16
IN2
Y1
32.768 kHz
1
25 pF
VCC_430
GND
2
LS1 VCC_LDO
Q3
1
48
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
S16
S17
S18
S19
S20
S21
S22
S23
S24
S25
S26
S27
LED
GND
C51
10 uF
GND
D1
R23
200
GPIO0
GPIO2
Green
GND
VCC_LDO
R24
R20
10.0 k
0
GND
MSP430FR4133IPM
R2
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
RST_N 28
SOMI 29
SIMO 30
SCLK 31
CSN 32
Speaker
P6.0/L16
P6.1/L17
P6.2/L18
P6.3/L19
P6.4/L20
P6.5/L21
P6.6/L22
P6.7/L23
P2.0/L24
P2.1/L25
P2.2/L26
P2.3/L27
P2.4/L28
P2.5/L29
P2.6/L30
P2.7/L31
P1.7/TA0.1/TDO/A7
P1.6/TA0.2/TDI/TCLK/A6
P1.5/TA0CLK/TMS/A5
P1.4/MCLK/TCK/A4
P1.3/UCA0STE/A3
P1.2/UCA0CLK/A2
P1.1/ /A1/UCA0RXD/UCA0SOMI Veref+
P1.0/ /A0/Veref– UCA0TXD/UCA0SIMO
P5.7/L39
P5.6/L38
P5.5/L37
P5.4/L36
P5.3/UCB0SOMI/UCB0SCL/L35
P5.2/UCB0SIMO/UCB0SDA/L34
P5.1/UCB0CLK/L33
P5.0/UCB0STE/L32
2
25 pF
C48
2.0 k
C50
1000 pF
GND
P4.7/R13
P4.6/R23
P4.5/R33
P4.4/LCDCAP1
P4.3/LCDCAP0
P4.2/XOUT
P4.1/XIN
DVSS
DVCC
RST/NMI/SBWTDIO
TEST/SBWTCK
P4.0/TA1.1
P8.3/TA1.2
P8.2/TA1CLK
P8.1/ACLK/A9
P8.0/SMCLK/A8
C47
R21
47 k
J3
C43
0.1 uF
C46
GND
R22
BEEPER
3
2.00 k
J7
1
2
3
TA0CLK
P1.4
P1.3
GPIO3
RXD
TXD
C41
0.1 uF
VCC_DEBUG
TEST/SBWTCK
RST/SBWTDIO
1
2
3
4
U4
GND
A7
GND
A6
GND
VCC_DEBUG
1
VCC_IN
2
3
U1
1
C1
47 uF
+
GND
OUT
EN
GND
GND
VCC_430
R25
5
50
C2
C8
0.1 uF
C4
1 uF
10 uF
3
BT1
BAT_1AA_PC
VCC_LDO
IN
C3
10 uF
GND
J8
C9
0.1 uF
C10
1 uF
C11
10 uF
2
GND
GND
GND
4
TPS782XXDDC
-
Power Supply
GND
GND
VCC_IN
VCC_LDO
VCC_LDO
R101
470 k
TA0CLK
R102
470 k
TA1CLK
U10
C5
1000 pF
J1
1
2
3
C6
1000 pF
C49
8
0.1 uF
DRVEN 7
GND
GND
GND
VM
6
5
1
J6
SLEEP
OUT1
OUT2
IN1
IN2
GND
VCC
IN1
IN2
GND
PAD
2
3
4
DRV8837DSG
OUT1
OUT2
P1.3
P1.4
1
2
3
4
5
GND
GND
Sensor Interface
20
Valve Control
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28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
C12
C13
C14
C15
C16
C17
C18
C19
C20
C21
C22
C23
C24
C25
8.2 pF 8.2 pF 8.2 pF 8.2 pF 8.2 pF 8.2 pF 8.2 pF 8.2 pF 8.2 pF 8.2 pF 8.2 pF 8.2 pF 8.2 pF 8.2 pF
LCD1
BTL002
COM4
COM3
COM2
COM1
S23
S22
S21
S20
S19
S18
S17
S16
S15
S14
S15
S14
S16
S17
S19
S21
S18
S20
S22
S23
S24
S25
S27
S26
S1
S3
S5
S7
S9
S11
S13
S15
S17
S19
S21
S23
S25
S27
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GND
S1
S0
S2
S3
S5
S7
S4
S6
S8
S9
S10
S11
S13
S12
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
S0
S1
S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
S7
S8
S9
S10
S11
S12
S13
C26
C27
C28
C29
C30
C31
C32
C33
C34
C35
C36
C37
C38
C39
8.2pF 8.2pF 8.2pF 8.2pF 8.2pF 8.2pF 8.2pF 8.2pF 8.2pF 8.2pF 8.2pF 8.2pF 8.2pF 8.2pF
S0
S2
S4
S6
S8
S10
S12
S14
S16
S18
S20
S22
S24
S26
GND
LCD
NC
VCC_485
C7
VCC_LDO
VCC_485
GND
J11
GND
GPIO0
CSN
0.1 uF
2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
D
R3
U2
1
Q2
10 k
SIMO
SOMI
RST_N
R
3
C52
0.1 uF
1
GPIO2 2
3
4
5
6
SCLK 7
8
9
10
RDE 2
3
R5
10 k
GPIO3
1
D
4
GND
R
VCC
RE
DE
A
B
D
GND
J12
8
R4
120
A
B
6
7
GND 4
3
AA
BB
2
1
J2
VCC_EXT
5
SN65HVD75
GND
Boosterpack Interface
D
TXD
TXI
U8
IO1
IO2
GND
NC
NC
AA
5
3
IO1
IO2
GND
NC
NC
VCC_LDO
RS485
VCC_430
U7
3
GND
5 BB
VCC_485 3
2
1
J9
1 R
3 RXD
5 RXI
2
4
6
J4
1
2
4
TPD2E2U06DRL
GND
U14
GND
VCC_LDO
U12
IO2
NC
NC
5 P1.3
TA1CLK 3
1
2
4
TPD2E2U06DRL
IO1
IO2
NC
NC
GND
R8
NC
5 TA0CLK
R10
NC
1
2
RXI
4
IO1
U3
R11
NC
U5
4
1
3
2
C40
100uF
TPD2E2U06DRL
GND
EXGND
D4
GND
U15
IO1
5
RXD
GND
NC
NC
12
13
8
7
PS2501L-1-A
GND 1
4
2
3
PSD03 - PSD36C
TXI
GND
4
U6
GPIO0
IO2
3
11
9
1
2
D3
VCC_430
PS2501L-1-A
R18
TPD2E2U06DRL
PSD03 - PSD36C
GND
GND
ESD Susceptible
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RX
RXI
TX
TXI
BUSL1
BUSL2
VS
VB
PF
GND
16
1
10
2
5
15
EXGND
TSS721A
ESD
R14
NC
R15
100k
C44
0.1uF
R16
NC
R17
C45 NC
NC
0
GND
PCB
LOGO
STC
VDD
BAT
14
6
4
TXD 3
2 M2 R12 220
1 M1 R9 220
TPD2E2U06DRL
GND
P1.4 3
J5
1
2
RIS
SC
RIDD
4
Meter Bus
EXGND
NC
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21
Design Files
8.2
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Bill of Materials
To download the bill of materials (BOM), see the design files at TIDM-FRAM-WATERMETER.
Table 5. BOM
MANUFACTURER
MANUFACTURER
PART NUMBER
DIGIKEY PART
NUMBER
PCB FOOTPRINT
Keystone
2460
2460K-ND
BH1AA-PC
CAP, TA, 47uF, 6.3V,
+/-10%, 0.8 ohm,
SMD
AVX
TPSA476K006R0800
478-3079-1-ND
3216-18
10uF
CAP, TA, 10uF, 16V,
+/-10%, 3 ohm, SMD
Vishay-Sprague
293D106X9016A2TE
3
718-1123-1-ND
3216-18
3
10uF
CAP, CERM, 10uF,
6.3V, +/-20%, X5R,
0603
Kemet
C0603C106M9PACT
U
399-5504-1-ND
0603
C4, C10
2
1uF
CAP, CERM, 1uF,
16V, +/-10%, X5R,
0603
Kemet
C0603C105K4PACT
U
399-5090-1-ND
0603
C7, C8, C9, C41,
C42, C43, C47, C49,
C52
9
0.1uF
CAP, CERM, 0.1uF,
16V, +/-5%, X7R,
0603
Kemet
C0603C104J4RACTU
399-1097-1-ND
0603
C46, C48
2
25pF
CAP, CERM, 25pF,
50V, +/-11%,
C0G/NP0, 0603
AVX
06035A2R2CAT2A
478-1155-1-ND
0603
C5, C6, C50
3
1000pF
CAP, CERM, 1000pF,
100V, +/-5%, X7R,
0603
AVX
06031C102JAT2A
478-3698-1-ND
0603
D1
1
Green
LED, Green, SMD
Lite-On
LTST-C170KRKT
160-1415-1-ND
LED_LTST-C170
J1, J7, J8, J9
4
3x1
Header, TH, 100mil,
3x1, Gold plated, 230
mil above insulator
Samtec
TSW-103-07-G-S
SAM1029-03-ND
TSW-103-07-G-S
J2, J3
2
4x1
Header, TH, 100mil,
4x1, Gold plated, 230
mil above insulator
Samtec
TSW-104-07-G-S
SAM1029-04-ND
TSW-104-07-G-S
J4
1
3x2
Header, TH, 100mil,
3x2, Gold plated, 230
mil above insulator
Samtec
TSW-103-07-G-D
SAM1028-03-ND
TSW-103-07-G-D
J6
1
5x1
Header, TH, 100mil,
5x1, Gold plated, 230
mil above insulator
Samtec
TSW-105-07-G-S
SAM1029-05-ND
TSW-105-07-G-S
22
DESIGNATOR
QTY
VALUE
PART DESCRIPTION
BT1
1
2460
Battery Holder, 1AA
Cells, PC-mount
C1
1
47uF
C2
1
C3, C11, C51
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Table 5. BOM (continued)
DESIGNATOR
QTY
VALUE
PART DESCRIPTION
J11, J12
2
10x1
Header, TH, 100mil,
10x1, Gold plated,
230 mil above
insulator
LCD1
1
LCD
BTL002 4COM LCD
LS1
1
BEEPER
Q2, Q3
2
PNP
R3, R5
2
R4
MANUFACTURER
MANUFACTURER
PART NUMBER
DIGIKEY PART
NUMBER
PCB FOOTPRINT
Samtec
TSW-110-07-G-S
SAM1029-10-ND
TSW-110-07-G-S
N/A
BTL002
N/A
LCD
Soberton Inc
WST-1203UX
433-1047-ND
BEEPER
Transistor, PNP, 40V,
0.2A, SOT-23
Diodes Inc.
MMBT3906-7-F
MMBT3906-FDICTND
SOT-23
10k ohm
RES, 10k ohm, 5%,
0.1W, 0603
Vishay-Dale
CRCW060310K0JNE
A
541-10KGCT-ND
0603
1
120 ohm
RES, 120 ohm, 5%,
0.1W, 0603
Vishay-Dale
CRCW0603120RJNE
A
541-120GCT-ND
0603
R21
1
47k ohm
RES, 47k ohm, 5%,
0.1W, 0603
Vishay-Dale
CRCW060347K0JNE
A
541-47KGCT-ND
0603
R2, R22
2
2.0k ohm
RES, 2.0k ohm, 5%,
0.1W, 0603
Vishay-Dale
CRCW06032K00JNE
A
541-2.0KGCT-ND
0603
R23
1
200 ohm
RES, 200 ohm, 5%,
0.1W, 0603
Vishay-Dale
CRCW0603200RJNE
A
541-200GCT-ND
0603
R25
1
50 ohm
RES, 50 ohm, 0.5%,
0.1W, 0603
Yageo America
RT0603DRE07150RL
RT0603DRE07150RL
-ND
0603
R101, R102
2
470k ohm
RES 470K OHM
1/10W 5% 0603 SMD
Yageo America
RC0603JR-07470KL
311-470KGRTR-ND
0603
U1
1
TPS78233
IC, 150mA, Ultra-Low
Quiescent Current, IQ
500nA LDO Linear
Regulator
Texas Instruments
TPS78233DDCR
296-24059-1-ND
TSOT-23-5[DDC]
U2
1
SN65HVD75
High Temperature 3.3
V RS-485 Transceiver
Texas Instruments
SN65HVD11SHKJ
296-28287-5-ND
D0008A_N
U4
1
MSP430FR4133
16-bit Ultra-LowPower MCU
Texas Instruments
MSP430FR4133IPM
N/A
PM0064A_M
U10
1
DRV8837
LOW-VOLTAGE HBRIDGE IC,
DSG0008A
Texas Instruments
DRV8837DSG
296-34806-1-ND
DRV8837DSG
Y1
1
32.768kHz
Crystal, 32.768kHz,
12.5pF, SMD
Abracon Corporation
AB26TRQ32.768KHZ-T
535-12051-1-ND
XTAL_MS3V-T1R
Loudspeaker
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Design Files
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Table 5. BOM (continued)
MANUFACTURER
MANUFACTURER
PART NUMBER
DIGIKEY PART
NUMBER
PCB FOOTPRINT
CAP, CERM, 8.2pF,
50V, +/-3%,
C0G/NP0, 0603
AVX
06035A8R2CAT2A
478-1162-1-ND
0603
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
Vishay-Sprague
293D107X96R3B2TE
3
718-1128-1-ND
3528-21
Kemet
C0603C104J4RACTU
399-1097-1-ND
0603
Diode, Schottky, 40V,
0.03A, SOD-323
Diodes Inc.
SDMK0340L-7-F
SDMK0340LDICT-ND
sod-323
Header, TH, 100mil,
2x1, Gold plated, 230
mil above insulator
Samtec
TSW-102-07-G-S
SAM1029-02-ND
TSW-102-07-G-S
RES, 220 ohm, 5%,
0.1W, 0603
Vishay-Dale
CRCW0603220RJNE
A
541-220GCT-ND
0603
RES, 100k ohm, 5%,
0.1W, 0603
Vishay-Dale
CRCW0603100KJNE
A
541-100KGCT-ND
0603
0 ohm
RES, 0 ohm, 5%,
0.1W, 0603
Vishay-Dale
CRCW06030000Z0E
A
541-0.0GCT-ND
0603
1
10.0k ohm
RES, 10.0k ohm,
0.1%, 0.1W, 0603
Susumu Co Ltd
RG1608P-103-B-T5
RG16P10.0KBCT-ND
0603
U3
1
TSS721
Meter-Bus
Transceiver
Texas Instruments
TSS721A
296-27128-1-ND
D0016A_N
U5, U6
2
PS2501
High Isolation Voltage
Single Transistor
Type OptoCoupler
California Eastern
Laboratories
PS2501L-1-A
PS2501L-1A-ND
PS2501L
TPD2E2U06
DUAL CHANNEL
HIGH SPEED ESD
PROTECTION
DEVICE, DRL0005A
Texas Instruments
TPD2E2U06DRL
296-38361-1-ND
DRL0005A
DESIGNATOR
QTY
VALUE
C12, C13, C14, C15,
C16, C17, C18, C19,
C20, C21, C22, C23,
C24, C25, C26, C27,
C28, C29, C30, C31,
C32, C33, C34, C35,
C36, C37, C38, C39
28
8.2pF
C45, R8, R10, R11,
R14, R16, R17
7
NC
C40
1
100uF
CAP, TA, 100uF,
6.3V, +/-10%, 1.7
ohm, SMD
C44
1
0.1uF
CAP, CERM, 0.1uF,
16V, +/-5%, X7R,
0603
D3, D4
2
Diode
J5
1
2x1
R9, R12
2
220 ohm
R15
1
100k ohm
R18, R20
2
R24
U7, U8, U12, U14,
U15
24
5
PART DESCRIPTION
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Design Files
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8.3
PCB Layouts
To download the PCB Layouts, see the design files at TIDM-FRAM-WATERMETER
Figure 24. Top Silkscreen Overlay
Figure 25. Top Layer
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Design Files
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Figure 26. Bottom Layer
Figure 27. Bottom Silkscreen Overlay
Figure 28. Drill Drawing for Top and Bottom Layers
26
Water Meter Implementation with MSP430FR4xx User's Guide
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8.4
Altium Project
To download the Altium project files, see the design files at TIDM-FRAM-WATERMETER.
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
2
1
2
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
1
2
3
3
1
2
1
1
2
2
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
8
2
7
3
6
4
5
1
2
1
1
2
3
1
1
2
1
2
3
3
2
4
2
2
2
4
4
1
2
1
2
1
2
3
1
2
1
1
5
2
1
5
1
2
1
2
6
2
6
2
3
9
8
10
7
11
6
12
5
13
4
14
3
15
2
16
1
1
4
7
3
8
2
2
1
1
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Design Files
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Figure 31. Altium Image 3
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Figure 32. Altium Image 4
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8.5
Assembly Drawings
Figure 33. Top Assembly Drawing
Figure 34. Bottom Assembly Drawing
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About the Author
9
www.ti.com
About the Author
LING ZHU is an MSP430 applications engineer at Texas Instruments where he is responsible for
developing reference design solutions and customer support for MSP430 value line devices. Ling earned
his master of Measure & Control Technology from XIDIAN University in China.
30
Water Meter Implementation with MSP430FR4xx User's Guide
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