GPIDP-V 1-5 VDC output Low power manual

GPIDP-V 1-5 VDC output Low power manual
Pressure and Level Instrumentation
2770 Long Road. Grand Island, NY 14072
Tel: (716) 773-9300 Fax: (716) 773-5019 • www.gp50.com
GP:50 Differential Pressure Transmitters
GPIDP-A with 4 to 20 mA Output Signal
GPIDP-V with 1 to 5 VDC Output Signal
Installation, Calibration, Configuration, and Maintenance
A5CS-GPIDP-V.00
Contents
Figures ....................................................................................................................... iv
Tables ........................................................................................................................
v
1. Introduction..........................................................................................................
General Description ...................................................................................................
Reference Documents ................................................................................................
Transmitter Identification ..........................................................................................
Standard Specifications..............................................................................................
Product Safety Specifications ....................................................................................
1
1
1
1
2
5
2. Installation ............................................................................................................
Transmitter Mounting ................................................................................................
Process Mounted Transmitter ..............................................................................
Pipe or Surface Mounted Transmitter ................................................................
Installation of Flow Measurement Piping..................................................................
Filling System with Seal Liquid ................................................................................
Positioning Housing...................................................................................................
Positioning Display ....................................................................................................
Cover Locks ...............................................................................................................
Transmitter Wiring for GPIDP-A.............................................................................
Accessing Transmitter Field Terminals ...............................................................
Wiring the Transmitter to a Control Loop ...........................................................
Putting Transmitter into Operation ............................................................................
Taking the Transmitter Out of Operation ..................................................................
Transmitter Wiring for GPIDP-V...............................................................................
3 Wire Connection ..............................................................................................
4 Wire Connection ..............................................................................................
Wiring to a Control Loop ....................................................................................
Putting Transmitter into Operation ............................................................................
Taking the Transmitter Out of Operation ..................................................................
8
8
9
9
11
13
13
13
14
15
15
16
18
18
19
19
19
21
23
23
ii
3. Calibration and Configuration ...........................................................................
Calibration Setup........................................................................................................
Field Calibration Setup ..............................................................................................
Bench Calibration Setup ............................................................................................
General Calibration Notes..........................................................................................
Notes for Electronic Version -A and -V ....................................................................
25
25
25
27
28
29
Calibration and Configuration Using the Local Display ...........................................
Calibration............................................................................................................
GPIDP-A and GPIDP-V Calibration ..............................................................
Zero Adjustment Using External Zero Button .....................................................
Configuration .......................................................................................................
GPIDP-A and GPIDP-V Configuration..........................................................
Reranging an GPIDP-A or GPIDP-V Transmitter ........................................
GPIDP-A and GPIDP-V Character Lists........................................................
Testing the Display ....................................................................................................
Error Messages...........................................................................................................
31
33
34
35
35
37
39
40
41
42
4. Maintenance .........................................................................................................
Parts Replacement......................................................................................................
Replacing the Electronics Module .......................................................................
Removing and Reinstalling the Housing Assembly.............................................
Replacing the Sensor Assembly...........................................................................
Replacing the Terminal Block Assembly ............................................................
Rotating Process Covers for Venting.........................................................................
45
45
45
46
46
48
48
Index ......................................................................................................................... 51
iii
Figures
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
Transmitter Identification..................................................................................
Minimum Allowable Absolute Pressure vs. Process Temperature
with Fluorinert Fill Fluid...................................................................................
Process Mounted Transmitter ...........................................................................
Mounting Transmitter to a Pipe or Surface .......................................................
Example of Horizontal Process Line Installation..............................................
Example of Vertical Process Line Installation ..................................................
Positioning Display ...........................................................................................
Accessing Field Terminals ................................................................................
Identification of Field Terminals.......................................................................
Supply Voltage and Loop Load.........................................................................
Loop Wiring ......................................................................................................
Wiring Several Transmitters to a Common Power Supply ...............................
Identification of Field Terminals.......................................................................
Three-Wire Connection.....................................................................................
Four-Wire Connection.......................................................................................
Loop Wiring ......................................................................................................
Wiring Several Transmitters to a Common Power Supply (Four-Wire) ..........
Field Calibration Setup......................................................................................
Calibration Setup of Electronic Equipment ......................................................
Bench Calibration Setup....................................................................................
Local Display Module .......................................................................................
Top Level Structure Diagram............................................................................
Calibration Structure Diagram ..........................................................................
Configuration Structure Diagram......................................................................
Display Test Segment Patterns..........................................................................
Replacing the Sensor Assembly ........................................................................
Replacing the Sensor Assembly (Code 78/79 pvdf Inserts)..............................
Sensor Cavity Venting and Draining.................................................................
1
4
9
10
12
12
14
15
15
16
17
18
19
20
20
21
22
27
27
28
31
32
34
37
41
47
47
49
iv
Tables
1
2
3
4
5
6
v
Electrical Safety Specifications............................................................................
Calibration Menu..................................................................................................
GPIDP-A and GPIDP-V Configuration Menu ...................................................
Alphanumeric Character List ...............................................................................
Numeric Character List ........................................................................................
Error Messages.....................................................................................................
6
33
35
40
40
42
1. Introduction
General Description
The GPIDP-A and GPIDP-V Differential Pressure Transmitters measure the difference between
two pressures applied to opposite sides of a silicon strain gauge microsensor within the
sensor assembly. This microsensor converts differential pressure to a change in resistance.
The resistance change is then converted to a 4 to 20 mA or 1to 5 VDC signal proportional
to differential pressure or to the square root of differential pressure. The measurement
signal for the GPIDP-A is transmitted to remote receivers over the same two wires that
supply power to the transmitter electronics.
The transmitters are often used for measuring fluid flow across a primary device such as an orifice
plate, but can also be used for other types of differential pressure measurements such as liquid
level, interface level, or density measurements.
Reference Documents
This document contains descriptions and instructions for transmitter installation, configuration,
calibration, and maintenance.
Transmitter Identification
See Figure 1 for transmitter data plate contents. When the transmitter is powered, the firmware
revision is shown on the top line of the display.
STYLE
MODEL CODE
SERIAL NUMBER
AUXILIARY SPECIFICATION CODE
SUPPLY VOLTAGE
CUSTOMER TAG
MODEL
REFERENCE
AUX. SPEC.
SUPPLY
CUST. TAG
CALIBRATED RANGE
PLANT AND DATE OF MANUFACTURE
MAXIMUM WORKING PRESSURE
CAL. RANGE
ORIGIN
MWP
ST
Figure 1. Transmitter Identification
1
1. Introduction
Standard Specifications
Span and Range Limits
Span Limits
∆P
0.87 and 50 kPa (3.5 and 200 inH2O)
Range Limits
∆P
-7.5 and +7.5 kPa (-30 and +30 inH2O)
-50 and +50 kPa (-200 and +200 inH2O)
7.0 and 210 kPa (28 and 840 inH2O)
0.07 and 2.1 MPa (10 and 300 psi)
-210 and +210 kPa (-840 and +840 H2O)
-0.21 and +2.1 MPa (-30 and +300 psi)
0.7 and 21 MPa (100 and 3000 psi)
-0.21 and +21 MPa (-30 and +3000 psi)
Span Limit
Code
0.12 and 7.5 kPa (0.5 and 30 inH2O)
A
B
C
D
E
Negative values of differential pressure indicate low side of sensor at the higher pressure.
Positive values indicate high side of sensor at the higher pressure.
Elevated Zero and Suppressed Zero
For applications requiring an elevated or suppressed zero, the maximum span and the
upper and lower range limits of the transmitter can not be exceeded.
Maximum Static and
Overrange Pressure
Rating(a,e)
Transmitter Configuration Bolting Material
Standard (B7 steel), Option "-B2" (17-4 PS ss),
Option “-D3” or “-D7”(c)
Proof Pressure
Rating(b)
MPa
Psi
MPa
Psi
25
3625
100
14500
Option “B1” (316 ss) or Option "-D5"(c)
15
2175
60
8700
Option AS-B7M (B7M)
25
3625
100
14500
Option “-D1”(c)
16
2320
64
9280
Option “-D2”, “-D4”, "-D6", or "-D8"(c,d)
10
1500
40
6000
(a) Either side can be at the higher pressure during overrange.
(b) Meets ANSI/ISA Standard S82.03-1988.
(c)-D1 = DIN Single ended process cover with M10 bolting.
-D2 = DIN Double ended process cover with M10 bolting
-D3 = DIN Single ended process cover with 7/16 in bolting.
-D4 = DIN Double ended process cover with 7/16 in bolting.
-D5 = DIN Single ended process cover with 7/16 in 316 ss bolting.
-D6 = DIN Double ended process cover with 7/16 in 316 ss bolting.
-D7 = DIN Single ended process cover with 7/16 in 17-4 ss bolting.
-D8 = DIN Double ended process cover with 7/16 in 17-4 ss bolting.
(d)Limited to operating temperatures ranging from 0 to 60 °C (32 to 140°F)
(e)When Structure Codes 78/79 are used (pvdf inserts in the Hi and Lo side process covers), the
maximum overrange is 2.1 MPa (300 psi) and temperature limits are -7 and +82°C (20 and 180°F).
NOTE
Static pressure zero shift for all calibrated spans can be eliminated by readjusting the
zero output at nominal operating static pressure.
2
! CAUTION
1. Exceeding the maximum overrange pressure can cause damage to the transmitter
degrading its performance.
2. The transmitter could be nonfunctional after application of the proof pressure.
1. Introduction
Output Signal
4 to 20 mA dc linear, 4 to 20 mA dc square root, or 1 to 5 VDC, software selectable,
locally configurable using pushbuttons on the transmitter.
Zero and Span Adjustments
Adjustable at the transmitter using the local display. An optional external self-contained
moisture sealed pushbutton assembly allows local resetting of zero without removing
housing cover.
Field Wiring Reversal
Accidental reversal of field wiring will not damage the transmitter, provided the current is
limited to 1 A or less by active current limiting or loop resistance. Sustained currents of
1 A will not damage the electronics module or sensor but could damage the terminal
block assembly and external instruments in the loop.
Mounting Position
The transmitter can be mounted in any orientation. It can be supported by the process
piping. It can also be mounted directly to a vertical or horizontal pipe or surface mounted
using an optional mounting bracket. The housing can be rotated up to one full turn to
any desired position for access to adjustments, display, or conduit connections. See
“Positioning Housing” on page 13. The display can also be rotated in the housing to any
of four different positions at 90° increments. See “Positioning Display” on page 13.
NOTE
Position effect zero shift for all calibrated spans can be eliminated by readjusting
zero output after installation.
Adjustable Damping
The transmitter response time is normally 1.0 second or the electronically adjustable
setting of 0.00 (none), 2, 4, or 8, seconds, whichever is greater, for a 90% recovery from
an 80% input step as defined in ANSI/ISA S51.1.
Operative Limits
Influence
Sensor Body Temperature
Silicone Fill Fluid
Fluorinert Fill Fluid
pvdf Inserts
Electronics Temperature
With LCD Display
Relative Humidity
Supply Voltage
Output Load
Mounting Position
Operative Limits
-46 and +121°C (-50 and +250°F)
-29 and +121°C (-20 and +250°F)
-7 and +82°C (20 and 180°F)
-40 and +85°C (-40 and +185°F)(a)
0 and 100%
GPIDP-A
11.5 and 42 VDC(b)
GPIDP-V
9 to 15.5 VDC
GPIDP-A
0 and 1450 Ohms
GPIDP-V
10 MegOhms
No Limit
(a) Display updates are slowed and readability decreased below temperatures of -20 °C (-4°F).
(b) 11 V dc with optional shorting block (AS code SB-11)
3
1. Introduction
Sensor Fill Fluid
Silicone Oil (DC 200), or Fluorinert (FC-43).
Minimum Allowable Absolute Pressure vs. Process Temperature
With Silicone Fill Fluid
With Fluorinert Fill Fluid
-80
At full vacuum: Up to 121°C (250°F)
Refer to Figure 2.
TEMPERATURE °C
30
60
0
90
120
140
ABSOLUTE PRESSURE, MMHG
120
Fluorinert FC-43 Fluid
100
(operating area above curve)
80
60
40
20
-25
0
50
100
TEMPERATURE °F
150
200
250
Figure 2. Minimum Allowable Absolute Pressure vs. Process Temperature
with Fluorinert Fill Fluid
Powerup Time
Less than 2.0 seconds for output to reach approximately 3.5 mA, and then at the
electronic damping rate to the final measured variable value.
Electrical Connections
Field wires enter through PG 13.5 or 1/2 NPT threaded entrances on either side of the
electronics housing. Leads terminate under screw terminals and washers on the terminal
block in the field terminal compartment. To maintain RFI/EMI, environmental, and
explosionproof ratings, unused conduit connection must be plugged with metal plug
(provided), inserted to five full turns.
Process Connections
0
GPIDP transmitters are connected to the process via a 1/4 NPT thread or any one of a
1 DP I
number of optional process connectors.
Supply Current
Power supply must be capable of providing 22 mA current for the GPID-A and 3 mA
current for the GPIDP-V. Ripple of up to 2 V pp (50/60/100/120 Hz) is tolerable, but
instantaneous voltage must remain within specified range.
4
1. Introduction
Electrical Ground Connections
The transmitter is equipped with an internal ground connection within the field wiring
compartment and an external ground connection at the base of the electronics housing.
To minimize galvanic corrosion, place the wire lead or terminal between the captive
washer and loose washer on the external ground screw. If shielded cable is used, earth
(ground) the shield at the field enclosure only. Do not ground the shield at the
transmitter.
Test Points
The banana plug receptacles (designated CAL) can be used to check transmitter output of
the GPIDP-A. Measurements should be 100 to 500 mV dc for 0 to 100% transmitter output.
Refer to Figure 9.
HHT Terminals
As the top terminal is blocked, this transmitter does not communicate with the HHT, PC10,
PC20, HART Communicator, or IFDC.
Approximate Mass
Without Process Connectors
With Process Connectors
With Optional 316 ss Housing
3.5 kg (7.8 lb)
4.2 kg (9.2 lb)
Add 1.1 kg (2.4 lb)
Process Wetted Materials
Diaphragm: 316L ss, Co-Ni-Cr, Hastelloy C, gold plated 316L ss, Monel, or tantalum
Covers and Process Connections: 316 ss, carbon steel, Hastelloy C, Monel, or pvdf inserts
Product Safety Specifications
! DANGER
To prevent possible explosions and to maintain explosionproof, dust-ignitionproof
protection, observe applicable wiring practices. Plug unused conduit opening with the
provided metal pipe plug, which engages a minimum of five full threads.
! WARNING
To maintain IEC IP66 and NEMA Type 4X protection, the unused conduit opening
must be plugged. In addition, the threaded housing covers must be installed. Turn
covers until O-ring contacts housing; then continue to hand tighten as much as
possible (at least 1/4 turn).
5
2. Introduction
7
2. Installation
The following material provides information and procedures for installing the GPIDP-A and
GPIDP-V Differential Pressure Cell Transmitter.
! CAUTION
To avoid damage to the transmitter sensor, do not use any impact devices, such as an
impact wrench or stamping device, on the transmitter.
NOTE
Use a suitable thread sealant on all connections.
Transmitter Mounting
The transmitter can be supported by the process piping as shown in Figure 3, or mounted to a
vertical or horizontal pipe or surface using the optional mounting bracket shown in Figure 4.
NOTE
1. If the transmitter is not installed in the vertical position as shown in Figure 3 or
Figure 4, readjust zero output to eliminate the position zero effect.
2. The transmitter should be mounted so that any moisture condensing or draining
into the field wiring compartment can exit through one of the two threaded conduit
connections.
8
2. Installation
Process-Mounted Transmitter
Figure 3 shows the transmitter mounted to and supported by the process piping.
FIELD TERMINALS COMPARTMENT
(CONTAINS TERMINAL BLOCK FOR
CUSTOMER WIRING CONNECTIONS)
LETTERS INDICATING HIGH AND LOW PRESSURE SIDES
WARNING LABEL
VENT/DRAIN
CONNECT TO PROCESS
HIGH PRESSURE*
*NOTE: WHEN STRUCTURE CODES 78/79 ARE
USED (pvdf INSERTS), PROCESS CONNECTIONS MUST BE MADE DIRECTLY TO THE pvdf
INSERTS IN THE PROCESS COVERS. REFER
TO FIGURE 27 ON PAGE 47 FOR AN ASSEMBLY
DRAWING.
PROCESS CONNECTORS (2)
CONNECT TO PROCESS
LOW PRESSURE*
Figure 3. Process-Mounted Transmitter
Pipe- or Surface-Mounted Transmitter
To mount the transmitter to a pipe or surface, use the Optional Mounting Set (Model Code
Option -M).
Referring to Figure 4, secure the mounting bracket to the transmitter using the two screws provided. Mount the transmitter with mounting bracket to a vertical or horizontal, DN 50 or 2-in
pipe. To mount to a horizontal pipe, turn U-bolt 90° from the position shown in Figure 4. The
mounting bracket can also be used for wall mounting by securing the bracket to a wall using the
U-bolt mounting holes. Mounting kit extensions are available to allow 360° rotation of the topworks assembly. This provides better access to the rear vent/drain when the transmitter is
mounted to a surface as shown in Figure 4.
9
2. Installation
VERTICAL DN50 OR 2 IN PIPE SHOWN.
ROTATE U-BOLT 90 ° FOR MOUNTING
TO HORIZONTAL PIPE.
OPTIONAL SIDE VENT
BRACKET
MOUNTING TRANSMITTER TO A PIPE
FOR SURFACE MOUNTING ONLY,
USE MOUNTING KIT EXTENSIONS
TO ALLOW 360 ° ROTATION OF
THE TOPWORKS ASSEMBLY.
CONTACT GP:50 FOR PART
NUMBERS.
OPTIONAL SIDE VENT
REAR VENT/DRAIN
FOR SURFACE MOUNTING,
REPLACE U-BOLT WITH TWO
0.375 IN DIAMETER BOLTS OF
SUFFICIENT LENGTH TO PASS
THROUGH BRACKET AND
SURFACE.
BRACKET
MOUNTING TRANSMITTER TO A SURFACE
Figure 4. Mounting Transmitter to a Pipe or Surface
10
2. Installation
Installation of Flow Measurement Piping
Figure 5 and Figure 6 show typical installations with horizontal and vertical process pipes.
The transmitters are shown below the level of the pressure connections at the pipe (usual arrangement, except for gas flow without a seal liquid), and with filling tees in the lines to the transmitter
(for a seal liquid).
If the process fluid being measured must not come in contact with the transmitter, the transmitter
lines must be filled with a suitable seal liquid (see procedure in next section). In such a case, the
transmitter must be mounted below the level of the pressure connections at the pipe. With steam
flow, the lines are filled with water to protect the transmitter from the hot steam. The seal liquid
(or water) is added to the lines through the filling tees. To prevent unequal heads on the transmitter, the tees must be at the same elevation (as shown in Figure 5) and the transmitter must be
mounted vertically (as shown). If a seal liquid is not required, elbows can be used in place of the
tees.
Tighten drain plugs and optional vent screws to 20 N⋅m (15 lb⋅ft). Tighten the four process connector bolts to a torque of 61 N⋅m (45 lb⋅ft).
Note that the high and low pressure sides of the transmitter are identified by an L-H marking on
the side of the sensor above the warning label as shown in Figure 3.
With medium-viscosity seal liquids and/or long transmitter lines, larger valve sizes should be used.
NOTE
1. With a horizontal line, pressure connections at the pipe should be at the side of
the line. However, with gas flow without a seal liquid, connections should be at top
of line.
2. With a vertical line, flow should be upwards.
3. For liquid or steam flow, the transmitter should be mounted lower than the
pressure connections at the pipe.
4. For gas flow without a seal liquid, the transmitter should be mounted above the
pressure connections at the pipe; for gas flow with a seal liquid, the transmitter
should be mounted below the pressure connections.
5. GP:50 recommends the use of snubbers in installations prone to high levels of
flow pulsations.
11
2. Installation
DN 8 OR 1/4 in
PRESSURE CONNECTION VALVES
DIRECTION OF
PROCESS FLOW
TRANSMITTER
HIGH
PRESSURE
SIDE
DN 15 OR 1/2 in FILLING TEES
LOW PRESSURE SIDE
10 x 1 mm OR 0.375 in TUBING
OPTIONAL 3-VALVE MANIFOLD
Figure 5. Example of Horizontal Process Line Installation
DIRECTION OF
PROCESS FLOW
DN 8 OR 1/4 in
PRESSURE CONNECTION VALVE
TRANSMITTER
DN 15 OR 1/2 in
FILLING TEES
LOW
PRESSURE
SIDE
HIGH PRESSURE SIDE
10 x 1 mm OR
0.375 in TUBING
OPTIONAL 3-VALVE MANIFOLD
Figure 6. Example of Vertical Process Line Installation
12
2. Installation
Filling System with Seal Liquid
If the process fluid being measured must not come in contact with the transmitter, the transmitter
lines must be filled with a suitable seal liquid. The procedure to do this is as follows:
1. If the transmitter is in service, follow the procedure for “Taking the Transmitter Out
of Operation” on page 18.
2. Close both process shutoff valves.
3. Open all three valves on 3-Valve Manifold.
4. Partially open vent screws on transmitter until all air has been forced out of
transmitter body and lines. Close vent screws.
5. Refill tee connections. Replace plugs and close bypass valve. Check for leaks.
6. Follow procedure for “Putting Transmitter into Operation” on page 18.
! CAUTION
To prevent loss of seal liquid and contamination of process fluid, never open both
process shutoff valves and manifold shutoff valves if bypass valve is open.
Positioning Housing
The transmitter housing (topworks) can be rotated up to one full turn in the counterclockwise
direction when viewed from above for optimum access to adjustments, display, or conduit connections.
! CAUTION
1. Do not rotate the housing more than one turn from the as received position. If
there is doubt about the housing rotational position, turn fully clockwise and then
back off no more than one full turn.
Positioning Display
The display can be rotated within the housing to any of four positions at 90° increments. To do
this, refer to Figure 7 and perform the following:
1. Turn off power source to transmitter.
2. Screw in cover lock (if present) and remove the electronics compartment cover by
rotating it counterclockwise.
3. Remove electronics module by unscrewing two screws closest to sides of transmitter
and pulling out module.
4. If turning display 180°, turn and return module to housing by reversing Step 3.
13
2. Installation
5. If turning display 90° in either direction:
a. Remove the two (2) plastic buttons (plugs) by pushing them out from the
backside of the module.
NOTE
Plastic buttons were not provided on some early versions of the electronics module.
b. Unscrew the two (2) screws from the module and then rethread them back into
the module at 90° from their original position.
c. Insert the two (2) plastic buttons into the two open screw holes in the module.
(To order plastic buttons for earlier versions of the electronics modules or for
replacement, consult with the Factory.)
d. Return the module to the housing by reversing Step 3.
6. Reinstall the cover onto the housing by rotating it clockwise until the O-ring contacts
the housing; then continue to hand tighten as much as possible (at least 1/4 turn). If
cover locks are present, align the serration in the cover with the lock and unscrew it
until it extends into the cover serration to prevent unwanted cover rotation.
7. Restore power to transmitter.
HOUSING
BUTTON
SCREW
ELECTRONICS MODULE
Figure 7. Positioning Display
Cover Locks
Electronic housing cover locks, shown in Figure 8, are provided as standard with certain agency
certifications and as part of the Custody Transfer Lock and Seal option.
14
2. Installation
Transmitter Wiring for GPIDP-A (4-20 mA Output Signal)
The installation and wiring of your transmitter must conform to local code requirements.
NOTE
GP:50 recommends the use of transient/surge protection in installations prone to
high levels of electrical transients and surges.
Accessing Transmitter Field Terminals
For access to the field terminals, thread the cover lock (if present) into the housing to clear the
threaded cover and remove the cover from the field terminals compartment as shown in Figure 8.
Note that the embossed letters FIELD TERMINALS identify the proper compartment. Identification of terminals is shown in Figure 9.
PG 13.5 OR 1/2 NPT CONDUIT
CONNECTION AS SPECIFIED FOR
CUSTOMER WIRING. ONE ON OPPOSITE
SIDE ALSO. PLUG UNUSED OPENING
WITH PLUG PROVIDED (OR EQUIVALENT).
REMOVE COVER TO ACCESS
FIELD WIRING TERMINALS.
COVER LOCK (2) (IF PRESENT)
EXTERNAL EARTH
(GROUND)
Figure 8. Accessing Field Terminals
EARTH (GROUND) SCREW
(+)
TRANSMITTER
SIGNAL
CONNECTIONS
(-)
CAL
BANANA PLUG RECEPTACLES FOR
CALIBRATION CONNECTIONS. TO READ
TRANSMITTER OUTPUT, ATTACH METER
HERE (100 to 500 mV REPRESENTING
4 TO 20 mA CURRENT). OPTIONAL SHORTING
BAR (SB-11) TO REDUCE MINIMUM VOLTAGE
FROM 11.5 V dc TO 11 V dc ALSO PLUGS IN
HERE.
Figure 9. Identification of Field Terminals
15
2. Installation
Wiring the Transmitter to a Control Loop
When wiring your transmitter, the supply voltage and loop load must be within specified limits.
The supply voltage vs. the output load relationship is shown in Figure 10. Any combination of
supply voltage and loop load resistance in the shaded area can be used. To determine the loop load
resistance (transmitter output load), add the series resistance of each component in the loop,
excluding the transmitter. The power supply must be capable of supplying 22 mA of loop current.
1450
1400
TYPICAL SUPPLY VOLTAGE
AND LOAD LIMITS
1300
1200
V dc
LOAD (OHMS)
1100
24
30
32
0 AND 594
0 AND 880
0 AND 975
OUTPUT LOAD, Ω
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
OPERATING AREA
100
0
0
10
30
20
40
11.5
42
SUPPLY VOLTAGE, V dc
Figure 10. Supply Voltage and Loop Load
Examples:
1. For a loop load resistance of 860 Ω, the supply voltage can be any value from 30 to
42 V dc.
2. For a supply voltage of 24 V dc, the loop load resistance can be any value from zero to
565 Ω.
To wire one or more transmitters to a power supply, proceed with the following steps.
1. Screw in cover lock (if present) and remove the field terminals compartment cover by
rotating it counterclockwise.
2. Run signal wires (0.50 mm2 or 20 AWG, typical) through one of the transmitter
conduit connections as shown in Figure 11. Use twisted single pair to protect the
4 to 20mA output from electrical noise. Screened (shielded) cable may be required
in some locations.
NOTE
Do not run transmitter wires in same conduit as main (ac power) wires.
16
2. Installation
3. If shielded cable is used, earth (ground) the shield at the power supply only. Do not
ground the shield at the transmitter. Cut and/or tape the shield so it cannot contact
the metal housing.
4. Plug unused conduit connection with the PG 13.5 or 1/2 NPT metal plug provided
(or equivalent). To maintain specified explosionproof and dust-ignitionproof
protection, plug must engage a minimum of five full threads. Thread sealant is
recommended.
5. Connect an earth (ground) wire to the earth terminal in accordance with local
practice.
! CAUTION
If the signal circuit must be earthed (grounded), it is preferable to do so at the negative
terminal of the dc power supply. To avoid errors resulting from earth loops or the
possibility of short-circuiting groups of instruments in a loop, there should be only
one earth in a loop.
6. Connect the power supply and receiver loop wires to the “+” and “–” terminal
connections shown in Figure 9.
7. Connect receivers (such as controllers, recorders, indicators) in series with power
supply and transmitter as shown in Figure 11.
8. Reinstall the cover onto the housing by rotating it clockwise until the O-ring contacts
the housing. Then continue to hand tighten as much as possible (at least 1/4 turn). If
cover locks are present, align the serration in the cover with the lock and unscrew it
until it extends into the cover serration to prevent unwanted cover rotation.
9. If wiring additional transmitters to the same power supply, repeat Steps 1 through 8
for each additional transmitter. The setup with multiple transmitters connected to a
single power supply is shown in Figure 12.
AREA CLASSIFICATION NOT TO
EXCEED RATING SPECIFIED ON
TRANSMITTER DATA PLATE.
NONHAZARDOUS
AREA
TRANSMITTER
CONDUIT
CONNECTION
(a)
TOPWORKS
INDICATOR
+
+
POWER
SUPPLY
–
–
+
TO FIELD
TERMINAL
COMPARTMENT
–
CONTROLLER
OR RECORDER
(a) RUN CONDUIT DOWN TO AVOID MOISTURE BUILDUP IN TERMINALS COMPARTMENT.
Figure 11. Loop Wiring
17
2. Installation
+
–
+
–
TRANSMITTER
+
–
+
TRANSMITTER
POWER
SUPPLY
–
TRANSMITTER
Figure 12. Wiring Several Transmitters to a Common Power Supply
Putting Transmitter into Operation
The following procedure explains how to sequence the valves in your flow measurement piping or
optional bypass manifold to ensure that your transmitter is not overranged and that seal liquid is
not lost. Refer to Figure 5 or Figure 6.
NOTE
Procedure assumes that Process shutoff valves are open.
1. Make sure that both upstream and downstream manifold valves are closed.
2. Make sure that bypass valve is open.
3. Slowly open upstream manifold valve.
4. Close bypass valve.
5. Slowly open downstream manifold valve.
Taking the Transmitter Out of Operation
The following procedure explains how to sequence the valves in your flow measurement piping or
optional bypass manifold to ensure that your transmitter is not overranged and that seal liquid is
not lost. Refer to Figure 5 or Figure 6.
NOTE
Procedure assumes that Process shutoff valves are open.
1. Close downstream manifold valve.
2. Close upstream manifold valve.
3. Open bypass valve.
4. Carefully open the vent screw to release any residual pressure before disconnecting
lines.
! WARNING
When venting pressure from the transmitter, wear suitable protective equipment to
prevent possible injury from process material, temperature, or pressure.
18
2. Installation
Transmitter Wiring for GPIDP-V (1-5 VDC Output Signal)
The field terminals on a transmitter with a 1 to 5 V dc output signal are shown in Figure 13.
EARTH (GROUND) SCREW
(+)
A
POWER
CONNECTIONS
(–)
B
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
CONNECTIONS
A = POSITIVE
B = NEGATIVE
Figure 13. Identification of Field Terminals
The transmitter is equipped with an internal ground connection within the field wiring
compartment and an external ground connection at the base of the electronics housing. To
minimize galvanic corrosion, place the wire lead or terminal between the captive washer and loose
washer on the external ground screw. If shielded cable is used, earth (ground) the shield at the
field enclosure only. Do not ground the shield at the transmitter.
Power Supply Voltage and Current
The power supply voltage across the transmitter input terminals can be any value between 9 and
15.5 V dc and the power supply must be capable of supplying 3 mA of current under all
conditions. Verify that the power supply loop load resistance and source impedance allow at least
9 V dc across the transmitter input terminals with a current draw of 3 mA.
Output Load
The receiver input impedance can be any value between 1 and 10 MΩ.
Three or Four Wire Connections
The transmitter is supplied with a four-wire terminal block with the two negative terminals (- and
B) electrically connected internally. This means that the transmitter can be wired with either three
wires for wiring economy or four wires for maximum accuracy.
For relatively short wiring runs having low resistance, three-wire connections as shown in
Figure 14 can be used to minimize wiring costs. However, a voltage drop in the common lead
carrying the power supply current causes an error in the 1 to 5 V dc signal.
19
2. Installation
+
POWER
SUPPLY
–
+
A(+)
–
B(–)
–
RECEIVER
+
Figure 14. Three-wire Connection
For wiring runs with high resistance due to long lengths or other reasons) or for maximum
accuracy, a four-wire connection as shown in Figure 15 can be used to provide input-output
isolation. With four-wire configuration, voltage drop in the power supply loop does not affect
measurement accuracy.
+
–
+
A(+)
–
B(–)
–
POWER
SUPPLY
+
RECEIVER
Figure 15. Four-wire Connection
To wire a transmitter, proceed with the following steps.
1. Screw in cover lock (if present) and remove the field terminals compartment cover by
rotating it counterclockwise.
2. Run the supply voltage and output wires (0.50 mm2 or 20 AWG, typical) through
one of the transmitter conduit connections as shown in Figure 8. If four-wire
connection is used, use twisted single pair on the output side to protect the 1 to
5 V dc output from electrical noise.
NOTE
Do not run transmitter wires in same conduit as mains (ac power) wires.
3. If shielded cable is used, earth (ground) the shield at the receiver only. Do not ground
the shield at the transmitter. Cut and/or tape the shield so it cannot contact the metal
housing.
4. Plug unused conduit connection with the PG 13.5 or 1/2 NPT metal plug provided
(or equivalent). To maintain specified explosionproof and dust-ignitionproof
protection, plug must engage a minimum of five full threads. Thread sealant is
recommended.
20
2. Installation
5. Connect an earth (ground) wire to the earth terminal in accordance with local
practice.
! CAUTION
If the output circuit must be earthed (grounded), it is preferable to do so at the
negative terminal of the receiver. To avoid errors resulting from earth loops or the
possibility of short-circuiting groups of instruments in a loop, there should be only
one earth in a loop.
6. Connect the power supply and receivers (such as controllers, recorders, indicators) as
shown in Figure 14 or Figure 15. Typical loop wiring is shown in Figure 16.
7. Reinstall the cover onto the housing by rotating it clockwise until the O-ring contacts
the housing. Then continue to hand tighten as much as possible (at least 1/4 turn). If
cover locks are present, align the serration in the cover with the lock and unscrew it
until it extends into the cover serration to prevent unwanted cover rotation.
8. If wiring additional transmitters to the same power supply, repeat Steps 1 through 7
for each additional transmitter. The setup with multiple transmitters connected to a
single power supply is shown in Figure 17.
9. For installations with long runs, GP:50 recommends using two twisted pair with
one pair connected to the power supply terminals and one pair connected to the
output terminals. The two twisted pair can be in individual shields or a common
shield with the shield connected to the receiver. The shield must not be connected to
the transmitter.
AREA CLASSIFICATION NOT TO
EXCEED RATING SPECIFIED ON
TRANSMITTER DATA PLATE.
CONDUIT
CONNECTION *
NONHAZARDOUS
AREA
TRANSMITTER
TOPWORKS
+
–
BARRIER
IF REQUIRED
INDICATOR
+
TO FIELD
TERMINALs
COMPARTMENT
–
POWER
SUPPLY
CONTROLLER
OR RECORDER
* Run conduit down to avoid moisture buildup in field terminals compartment.
Figure 16. Loop Wiring (four-wire connection shown)
21
2. Installation
+
–
+
–
TRANSMITTER
RECEIVER
+
–
+
TRANSMITTER
RECEIVER
POWER
SUPPLY
–
TRANSMITTER
RECEIVER
NOTE: Four wire connection shown
Figure 17. Wiring Several Transmitters to a Common Power Supply GPIDP-V
22
2. Installation
Putting Transmitter into Operation
The following procedure explains how to sequence the valves in your flow measurement piping or
optional bypass manifold to ensure that your transmitter is not overranged and that seal liquid is
not lost. Refer to Figure 5 or Figure 6.
NOTE
Procedure assumes that Process shutoff valves are open.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Make sure that both upstream and downstream manifold valves are closed.
Make sure that bypass valve is open.
Slowly open upstream manifold valve.
Close bypass valve.
Slowly open downstream manifold valve.
Taking the Transmitter Out of Operation
The following procedure explains how to sequence the valves in your flow measurement piping or
optional bypass manifold to ensure that your transmitter is not overranged and that seal liquid is
not lost. Refer to Figure 5 or Figure 6.
NOTE
Procedure assumes that Process shutoff valves are open.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Close downstream manifold valve.
Close upstream manifold valve.
Open bypass valve.
Carefully open the vent screw to release any residual pressure before disconnecting
lines.
! WARNING
When venting pressure from the transmitter, wear suitable protective equipment to
prevent possible injury from process material, temperature, or pressure.
23
2. Installation
24
3. Calibration and Configuration
! CAUTION
Anytime Calibration (CALIB) or Configuration (CONFIG) mode is entered, the
transmitter output is automatically set to 1 volt until Cancel or Save is selected and
the transmitter comes back online. Make sure that the control loop is in manual
before selecting CALIB or CONFIG.
NOTE
1. For best results in applications where high accuracy is required, rezero the
transmitter output once it has stabilized at the final operating temperature.
2. Zero shifts resulting from position effects and/or static pressure effects can be
eliminated by rezeroing the transmitter output.
3. When checking the zero reading of a transmitter operating in the square root
mode, return the output to the linear mode. This will eliminate an apparent
instability in the output signal. Return the transmitter output to the square root
mode after the zero check is complete.
4. After calibrating transmitters operating with a 4 to 20 mA output signal, check
the underrange and overrange output values to ensure that they extend beyond 4
and 20 mA respectively.
Calibration Setup
The following sections show setups for field or bench calibration. Use test equipment that is at
least three times as accurate as the desired accuracy of the transmitter. Calibration is performed by
simulating the process differential pressure. This is done by applying a pressure, equal to the differential pressure, to one side of the transmitter and then venting the other side of the transmitter.
NOTE
The GPIDP-A and GPIDP-V transmitters can be reranged to a new calibrated range
without application of pressure. See EGU LRV and EGU URV in Figure 24.
Field Calibration Setup
Field calibration is performed without disconnecting the process piping. In order to do this, you
must have bypass and shutoff valves between the process and the transmitter and one of the
following:
Access to the process connections on the nonprocess side of the transmitter, or,
The optional vent screw in the side of the process covers.
If the transmitter is to be removed from the process for calibration, refer to the “Bench Calibration Setup” procedure.
25
3. Calibration and Configuration
For field calibration, an adjustable air supply and a pressure measuring device are required. For
example, a dead weight tester or an adjustable clean air supply and pressure gauge can be used.
The pressure source can be connected to the transmitter process connection with pipe fittings or it
can be connected to the vent screw assembly using a calibration screw. The calibration screw has a
Polyflo fitting and can be used for pressures up to 700 kPa (100 psi). It is available from GP:50.
NOTE
For high differential calibrations above 700 kPa (100 psi), calibration screw
B0142NA can be used along with high pressure Swagelok fittings having a rating of
21 MPa (3000 psi), or more.
To set up the equipment, refer to Figure 18 and use the following procedure.
1. If the transmitter is in operation, follow the procedure on “Taking the Transmitter
Out of Operation” on page 23.
! CAUTION
With liquid service, drain both sides of transmitter to avoid calibration errors.
2. If a calibration screw is being used, remove the vent screw and replace it with the
calibration screw. Connect the pressure source to the calibration screw using
6 x 1 mm or 0.250 inch tubing.
If a calibration screw is not being used, remove the entire vent screw assembly or drain
plug (as applicable) from the high pressure side of the transmitter. Connect calibration
tubing using a suitable thread sealant.
3. Close the bypass valve opened in Step 1.
4. Complete the setup shown in Figure 12.
NOTE
For vacuum applications, connect the calibrating pressure source to the low pressure
side of the transmitter.
5. If calibrating the 4 to 20 mA output signal, also connect equipment as shown in
Figure 19.
26
3. Calibration and Configuration
HIGH PRESSURE SIDE
BYPASS VALVE
SHUTOFF VALVES
CALIBRATING
PRESSURE
SOURCE
BLEEDER VALVES
(NEEDLE TYPE)
NOTE: ALTERNATE CONNECTION POINT FOR CALIBRATING
EQUIPMENT IS OPTIONAL VENT SCREW (NOT SHOWN) ON
HIGH PRESSURE SIDE COVER.
Figure 18. Field Calibration Setup
VOLTMETER
POWER SUPPLY
(+)
(–)
(–) (+)
(–) (+)
250 Ω PRECISION RESISTOR
RESISTOR: 250 Ω, ±0.01%, 1 W MINIMUM (PART NO. E0309GY)
POWER SUPPLY: REFER TO FIGURE 10
DIGITAL VOLTMETER: READINGS FROM 1.000 TO 5.000 V dc
Figure 19. Calibration Setup of Electronic Equipment (GPIDP-A)
Bench Calibration Setup
The bench calibration setup requires disconnecting the process piping. For calibration setup without disconnecting the process piping, refer to the “Field Calibration Setup” procedure.
The input setup is shown in Figure 20. Connect the input piping to the high pressure side of the
transmitter as shown. Vent the low pressure side of the transmitter.
27
3. Calibration and Configuration
NOTE
For vacuum applications, connect the calibrating pressure source to the low pressure
side of the transmitter.
Also connect electronic equipment as shown in Figure 19
.
HIGH PRESSURE SIDE
CALIBRATING
PRESSURE
SOURCE
BLEEDER VALVES
(NEEDLE TYPE)
Figure 20. Bench Calibration Setup
General Calibration Notes
1. Each transmitter is factory characterized over its full rated differential pressure range.
One benefit of this process is that every transmitter can measure any applied
differential pressure within its range limits regardless of the calibrated range. The
applied differential pressure is measured and converted into an internal digital value.
This digital value of differential pressure is always available whether the transmitter is
calibrated or not. Calibration assures that the transmitter rated accuracy is achieved
over the calibrated range.
2. The internal digital value of differential pressure can be displayed on the local display,
and converted to a 4 to 20 mA or 1 to 5 VDC analog output signal.
28
3. Calibration and Configuration
3. Each transmitter is factory calibrated to either a specified or a default calibrated range.
This calibration optimizes the accuracy of the internal digital value of differential
pressure over that range. If no range is specified, the default range is zero to the sensor
upper range limit (URL).
4. There is an independent trim on the digital-to-analog conversion stage. This trim
allows for slight adjustment of the 4 and 20 mA or 1 and 5 VDC outputs. This compensates
for any slight difference that exists between the transmitter output and an external
reference device which is measuring the output.
♦
The trim does not affect the calibration or the reranging of the transmitter and
does not affect the internal digital value of pressure or the transmission or display of
measured pressure.
♦
The trim can be done with or without pressure applied to the transmitter.
Notes for Electronic Version -A and -V
The transmitter data base has configurable values for both Lower Range value (LRV) and upper
range value (URV). These stored values are used for two functions; defining the calibrated range
and reranging without pressure.
1. Defining the Calibrated Range
♦
When either CAL LRV or CAL URV is initiated from the pushbuttons, the
transmitter expects that the differential pressure applied at the time the button is
pressed is equal to the LRV or URV value respectively.
♦
This function trims the internal digital value of differential pressure; that is, it
performs a calibration based on the application of accurate differential pressures equal
to the values entered for LRV and URV in the transmitter database.
This function also sets the 4 and 20 mA (1 and 5 VDC for GPIDP-V) output points; that is,
the 4 and 20 mA (1 and 5 VDC for GPIDP-V) points correspond to the values of LRV and
URV in the database.
♦ If the transmitter is configured for reverse range, the 20 and 4 mA (5 and 1 VDC for
GPIDP-V) points correspond to the LRV and URV respectively.
♦
2. Reranging Without the Application of Pressure
♦
Since the transmitter continually determines an internal digital value of the measured
differential pressure from the lower range limit (LRL) to the upper range limit (URL),
the 4 and 20 mA (1 and 5 VDC for GPIDP-V) output points can be assigned to any range
values (within the span and range limits) without application of pressure.
♦
The reranging function is accomplished by entering new database values for LRV and
URV.
♦
Reranging does not affect the calibration of the transmitter; that is, the optimization
of the internal digital value of differential pressure over a specific calibrated range.
♦
If the reranged LRV and URV are not within the calibrated range, the measured
values may not be as accurate as when they are within the calibrated range.
29
3. Calibration and Configuration
3. LCD Indicator
♦
The display can show any measured differential pressure in selected units regardless of
the calibrated range and the values of LRV and URV (within the limits of the
transmitter and display). The display can also be 0 to 100 percent.
♦
If the measured differential pressure is outside the range established by the LRV and
URV values in the database, the display shows the measurement but also continually
blinks to indicate that the measurement is out of range. The current signal is saturated
at either the low or high overrange limit respectively but the display continually shows
the pressure.
♦
Custom flow units for display, including 0 to 100 percent, are used when the
transmitter is in square root mode.
4. Zeroing the Transmitter
♦
Zeroing does not affect the span.
♦
When the transmitter is zeroed to compensate for installed position effect, the
transmitter may have either LRV differential pressure applied ( CAL LRV) or zero
differential pressure applied (CAL AT0). If using a zero-based range, either method
produces the same result. However, if the range is not zero-based, it is advantageous to
have both methods available.
For example, consider a differential pressure transmitter having a range of 50 to
100 psig. If it is not feasible to vent the transmitter to atmosphere for zeroing (or
to bypass the high and low sides for zeroing), it may be zeroed while the LRV
differential pressure of 50 psi is applied by using the CAL LRV function. On the
other hand, if the transmitter has been installed but there is no pressure in the
process line yet (or the high and low sides can be connected by a bypass valve), it
can be zeroed while open to atmosphere (or bypassed) by using the CAL AT0
function.
a. Zeroing with LRV Pressure Applied (CAL LRV)
♦
Before using this zeroing function, apply a differential pressure to the transmitter
equal to the value of LRV stored in the transmitter database.
♦
When zeroing the transmitter, the internal digital value of differential pressure is
trimmed to be equal to the value of LRV stored in the database and the mA (VDC
for GPIDP-V) output set to 4 mA (1 VDC for GPIDP-V).
♦
If zeroing is done when the applied differential pressure is different from the LRV
value in the database, the internal digital value of differential pressure is biased by
the difference in the values but the output is still set at 4 mA (1 VDC for GPIDP-V).
♦
The CAL LRV (and CAL URV) function should be used when calibrating a
transmitter for a specific range with known input differential pressures applied for
the LRV and URV.
b. Zeroing with Zero Pressure Applied (CAL AT0)
♦
30
Make sure that the applied differential pressure is at zero. This means venting the
transmitter to atmosphere.
3. Calibration and Configuration
♦
When zeroing the transmitter, the internal digital value of the differential pressure
is trimmed to be equal to zero and the mA output (VDC for GPIDP-V) set to an
appropriate value such that the mA output (VDC for GPID-V) is a nominal 4 mA
(1 VDC for GPIDP-V) when the LRV pressure is applied later.
Calibration and Configuration Using the Local Display
The local display, as shown in Figure 21, has two lines of information. The upper line is a 5-digit
numeric display (4-digit when a minus sign is used); the lower line is an 7-digit alphanumeric display. The display provides local indication of measurement information and a means for performing calibration and configuration, and testing the display via a 2-button (Next and Enter)
keypad. You can access these operations by means of a multi-level menu system. Entry to the
Mode Select menu is made (from normal operating mode) by pressing the Next button. You can
exit this menu, restore your prior calibration or configuration, and return to the normal operating
mode at any time by going to Cancel and pressing the Enter button.
NOTE
During calibration or configuration, a single change may affect several parameters.
For example, changing from linear to square root mode also changes the
engineering units (EGU) to Percent by default. For this reason, if an entry is
Entered in error, re-examine the entire data base or use the Cancel feature to
restore the transmitter to its starting configuration and begin again.
34.5
INH2O
“NEXT”
PUSHBUTTON
“ENTER”
PUSHBUTTON
OPTIONAL EXTERNAL ZERO BUTTON
(LATCHED [NONACTIVATING] POSITION SHOWN)
Figure 21. Local Display Module
31
3. Calibration and Configuration
E
CALIB
N
CONFIG
E
GO TO CALIBRATION MENU
GO TO CONFIGURATION MENU
N
TST DSP
E
PERFORM DISPLAY TEST
E
N
N
AUTOMATICALLY STEP THROUGH TEST PATTERN
MANUALLY STEP THROUGH TEST PATTERN
ABORT DISPLAY TEST, RETURN TO ONLINE MODE
CANCEL
E
EXIT MODE SELECT MENU, RETURN TO ONLINE MODE
N
N = NEXT BUTTON
E = ENTER BUTTON
Figure 22. Top Level Structure Diagram
32
3. Calibration and Configuration
Calibration
To access the Calibration mode (from normal operating mode), press the Next button. The display reads CALIB, the first item on the menu. Acknowledge your choice of this selection by pressing the Enter button. The display will show the first item in the Calibration menu. You can then
calibrate the items shown in Table 2.
Table 2. Calibration Menu
(For GPIDP-V, substitute 1 volt for 4 mA and 5 volts for 20 mA.)
Item
Description
CAL AT0
Calibrate with zero pressure.
CAL LRV
Calibrate with pressure at 0% of transmitter range (LRV)
CAL URV
Calibrate with pressure at 100% of transmitter range (URV)
ADJ 4MA
Adjust nominal 4 mA output
ADJ20MA
Adjust nominal 20 mA output
ADJ 4MA causes the following four submenus
A 4mA∆∆
Increase 4 mA output by large step
A 4mA∇∇
Decrease 4 mA output by large step
A 4mA∆
Increase 4 mA output by small step
A 4mA∇
Decrease 4 mA output by small step
ADJ 20MA causes the following four submenus
A 20mA∆∆
Increase 20 mA output by large step
A 20mA∇∇
Decrease 20 mA output by large step
A 20mA∆
Increase 20 mA output by small step
A 20mA∇
Decrease 20 mA output by small step
For GPIDP-V, substitute 1 volt for 4 mA and 5 volts for 20 mA.
NOTE
1. It is not necessary to use the ADJ4MA or ADJ20MA menu selections unless there
is a plant requirement to make the 4 and 20 mA output values exactly match
readings on certain plant calibration equipment and the “zero” and “span”
operations done result in a small but unacceptable difference between the
transmitter mA output and the test equipment mA readout values.
2. The GPIDP-A transmitter can be reranged without the application of pressure.
See EGU LRV and EGU URV in Figure 24.
A
-
0
D
1
PI
Proceed to calibrate your transmitter by using the Next key to select your item and the Enter key
to specify your selection per Figure 23. At any point in the calibration you may Cancel,
restore your prior calibration and return to the online mode or Save your new calibration.
33
3. Calibration and Configuration
GPIDP-A and GPIDP-V Calibration
E
CAL AT0
N
AT0 DONE
E
N
E
E
CAL LRV
N
LRV DONE
E = ENTER
N = NEXT
N
E
E
CALURV
N
URV DONE
N
ADJ 4MA
E
A 4MA∆∆
E
E
N
N
E
A 4MA∆
N
A 4MA∇
E
ADJ4mA: If you configured your transmitter operating mode as 4 to 20 mA, you can
adjust the 4 mA output by going to
ADJ4mA using the Next button and press
Enter. This menu item is bypassed if you
had configured your transmitter operating
mode as digital.
N
ADJ20MA
E
A 20MA∆∆
E
N
A 20MA∇∇
To increase the 4 mA output by a large
(0.025 mA) step, press Enter at the display
A 4mA∆∆. To decrease it by a large step, go
to the display A 4mA∇∇ by pressing the
NEXT button and then Enter. To increase
it by a small (0.001 mA) step, go to the display A 4mA∆ with the Next button and
then press Enter. To decrease it by a small
step, go to the display A 4mA∇ with the
Next button and then press Enter.
E
N
N
A 20MA∆
E
N
A 20MA∇
E
N
CANCEL
E
CAL LRV: To set or reset 0% of range
input, apply differential pressure to the
transmitter equal to the Lower Range Value
(LRV) in the transmitter data base and, at
display of CAL LRV, press Enter. Completion is indicated by the display LRV DONE.
CAL URV: To set or reset 100% of range
input, apply differential pressure to the
transmitter equal to the Upper Range Value
(URV) in the transmitter data base and, at
display of CAL URV, press Enter. Completion is indicated by the display URV
DONE.
N
A 4MA∇∇
CAL AT0: To set or reset the zero point at
zero differential pressure, apply zero differential pressure to the transmitter and, at display of CAL AT0, press Enter. This can be
done whether LRV is zero or not. Completion is indicated by the display AT0 DONE.
Discard changes, return to ONLINE
ADJ20mA: Similar to ADJ4mA.
N
SAVE
E
Save changes, return to ONLINE
N
Figure 23. Calibration Structure Diagram
34
3. Calibration and Configuration
Zero Adjustment Using External Zero Button
An optional external zero adjustment mechanism in the electronics housing (see Figure 21) allows
local “rezeroing” of the transmitter output without having to remove the electronics compartment
cover. The mechanism is magnetically activated through the housing wall to prevent moisture
from entering the enclosure. Zeroing is accomplished when the external zero button is depressed.
On the GPIDP-A or GPIDP-V transmitter, the external zero button does a CAL AT0 calibration (at
zero differential pressure). To use this feature:
1. Unlatch the external zero button by turning it 90° in a counterclockwise direction so
that the screwdriver slot lines up with the two holes in the face of the adjacent part.
Do not push the button in with the screwdriver while doing this.
2. On the GPIDP-A or GPIDP-V transmitter, press the button with zero differential pressure
applied to the transmitter or the bypass valve open and the transmitter at a nonzero
static pressure.
3. The display indicates ZEROED. If EX ZERO is disabled, or the transmitter is not
online, the display reads BAD KEY.
4. If additional rezeroing is required, wait 20 seconds and repeat Step 2.
5. Relatch the external zero button by turning it 90° in a clockwise direction to prevent
accidental pressing of the button. Do not push the button in with the screwdriver
while doing this.
Configuration
You can access the Configuration mode by the same multi-level menu system that was used to
enter Calibration mode. Entry to the Mode Select menu is made (from normal operating mode)
by pressing the Next button. The display reads CALIB, the first item on the menu. Press the Next
button again to get to the second item on the menu, CONFIG. Acknowledge your choice of this
selection by pressing the Enter button. The display will show the first item in the Configuration
menu. You can then configure items shown in Table 3 for the GPIDP-A or GPIDP-V transmitter
The initial factory configuration is also given in these tables.
Table 3. GPIDP-A or GPIDP-V Configuration Menu
Item
Description
Initial Factory
Configuration(a)
EX ZERO
External zero; enable or disable
Disable
OUT DIR
Output direction; forward or reverse
Forward
OUTMODE
Output; linear or type of square root
Linear
OUTFAIL
Fail mode output; low or high
High
DAMPING
Damping; none, 2-, 4-, or 8-seconds
None
35
3. Calibration and Configuration
Table 3. GPIDP-A or GPIDP-V Configuration Menu (Continued)
Item
EGU SEL
EGU LRV(b)
EGU URV(b)
DSP URV(c)
Description
Engineering units for calibrated range and display:
Select from list if linear mode. Choose Percent or
enter custom units if square root mode.
Set Lower Range Value (LRV)
Set Upper Range Value (URV)
User defined Upper Range Value for display
Initial Factory
Configuration(a)
Per Sales Order
for Linear;
Percent for Sq Rt
Per Sales Order
Per Sales Order
Per Sales Order
(a)Default settings. If optional feature “–C2” is specified, the initial factory configuration is custom per
order.
(b)This parameter is only shown when OUTMODE is LINEAR.
(c)This parameter is only shown when OUTMODE is one of the square root selections.
Proceed to configure your transmitter by using the Next key to select your item and the Enter
key to specify your selection per Figure 24 (GPIDP-A or GPIDP-V). At any point in the
configuration you may Cancel your changes and return to the online mode or Save your
changes.
36
3. Calibration and Configuration
G P I DP-A & GPIDP- V Configuration
E
EX ZERO
N
EXZ DIS
E
E
N
E
OUT DIR
FORWARD
N
E
OUTMODE
REVERSE
E
E
N
EXZ ENA
N
LINEAR
SQ<4LIN
SQ<1CUT
E
E
E
N
E
OUTFAIL
N
FAIL LO
FAIL HI
E
E
N
E
DAMPING
NO DAMP
N
N
DAMP 2
DAMP 8
E
E
E
N
DAMP 4
E
N
LINEAR MODE
EGU SEL
E
N
INH2O
E
SQUARE ROOT MODE
ATM
E
N
N
EGU LRV
N
EGU URV
N
CANCEL
SAVE
EGU SEL
E
**
E
**
Display Digit
E
Increment Digit
*
N
Increment Digit
N
Display Character
**
E
**
E
Increment
Character
*
Display Digit
DSP URV
N
Display Digit
E
N
E
N
Increment Digit
*
CANCEL
*
SAVE
*If character is not the last position on the display line, advances to next character.
**If character is the last position on the display line, advances to next menu item.
NOTE: See commentary about this diagram on next page.
Figure 24. Configuration Structure Diagram
37
3. Calibration and Configuration
Commentary on Figure 24
In general, use the Next button to select an item and Enter button to specify a selection.
EX ZERO: The External Zero feature allows the optional external zero pushbutton to be disabled
for additional security. To configure this feature, go to EX ZERO with the Next button and press
Enter. Use the Next button to select EXZ DIS or EXZ ENA and press Enter.
OUT DIR: To configure the Output Direction, go to OUT DIR with the Next button and press
Enter. Use the Next button to select FORWARD (4-20 mA for GPIDP-A or 1-5 VDC for GPIDP-V)
or REVERSE (20-4 mA for GPIDP-A or 5-1 VDC for GPIDP-V) and press Enter..
OUTMODE: To configure the mode of the output, go to OUTMODE with the Next button and
press Enter. Use the Next button to select LINEAR, SQ<1CUT (square root with cutoff below
1% of calibrated pressure range), or SQ<4LIN (square root with dual slope linear below 4% of
calibrated pressure range) and press Enter.
NOTE
If you wish the output and display to be in square root, it is necessary to first
configure OUTMODE as LINEAR and follow the Linear Mode path in Figure 24 to
establish the pressure LRV and URV. Then go back and configure OUTMODE as
one of the square root mode selections and follow the Square Root Mode path.
OUTFAIL: The Outfail feature provides high or low output with certain malfunctions. To configure the fail mode output, go to OUTFAIL with the Next button and press Enter. Use the Next
button to select FAIL LO or FAIL HI and press Enter.
DAMPING: To configure additional damping, go to DAMPING with the Next button and press
Enter. Use the Next button to select NO DAMP, DAMP 2, DAMP 4, or DAMP 8 and press Enter.
EGU SEL: To configure engineering units for your calibrated range and display, go to EGU SEL
with the Next button and press Enter. Depending on how OUTMODE is configured, the
remainder of the configuration takes one of two paths.
If OUTMODE was configured as LINEAR, use the Next button to select one of the following
units: INH2O, INHG, FTH2O, MMH2O, MMHG, PSI, BAR, MBAR, G/CM2, KG/CM2, PA, KPA,
MPA, TORR, or ATM and press Enter. The display advances to EGU LRV.
If OUTMODE was configured as SQ<1CUT or SQ<4LIN, you can specify any custom display
unit up to seven characters in length. The display shows Percent with the first character flashing.
Use the Next button to step through the library of characters (see Table 4) to select the desired
first character, then press Enter. Your selection is entered and the second character flashes. Repeat
this procedure until you have created your new unit name. If the unit name has less than seven
characters, use blanks for the remaining spaces. When you have configured the seventh space, the
display advances to DSP URV.
EGU LRV: To configure the LRV, press Enter at the prompt EGU LRV. Use the Next button to
toggle between a space or a minus and press Enter. Then use the Next button to step through the
library of numerical characters to select the desired first digit, and press Enter. Your selection is
entered and the second digit flashes. Repeat this procedure until you have entered your last digit.
Then use the Next button to move the decimal point to its desired location and press Enter.
EGU URV: Similar to EGU LRV immediately above.
38
3. Calibration and Configuration
DSP URV: To configure the display URV in the units specified, press Enter at the prompt
DSP URV. Use the Next button to toggle between a space or a minus and press Enter. Then use
the Next button to step through the library of numerical characters to select the desired first digit,
and press Enter. Your selection is entered and the second digit flashes. Repeat this procedure until
you have entered your last digit. Then use the next button to move the decimal point to its
desired location and press Enter.
Reranging
The GPIDP-A and GPIDP-V Transmitter can be reranged without application of pressure. To do this
in linear mode, just reconfigure EGU LRV and EGU URV. To rerange the transmitter being used
in Square Root mode, perform the following procedure:
1. In Configuration, set OUTMODE to LINEAR. This is a temporary state.
2. Then configure EGU LRV and EGU URV, first changing the units in EGU SEL if
necessary.
3. Save this configuration.
4. Set OUTMODE back to your choice of square root mode.
5. Change EGU SEL and DSP URV if required.
6. Save this configuration.
NOTE
When OUTMODE is set in square root mode, the last saved pressure range set by
entering EGU LRV and EGU URV in linear mode is always maintained.
39
3. Calibration and Configuration
GPID P-A & GPIDP - V Ch aracter Lists
Table 4. Alphanumeric Character List
Characters
space (shown as
)
*
+
–
/
0 through 9
<
>
A through Z (upper case)
[
\
]
∆
- (underscore)
∇
Table 5. Numeric Character List
Characters
–
0 through 9
40
3. Calibration and Configuration
Testing the Display
You can access the Test Display mode by the same multi-level menu systems was used to enter
Calibration and Configuration mode. Entry to the Mode Select menu is made (from normal
operating mode) by pressing the Next button. The display reads CALIB, the first item on the
menu. Press the Next button three times to get to the fourth item on the menu, TST DSP.
Acknowledge your choice of this selection by pressing the Enter button. The display shows the
first test segment pattern. You can step through the five patterns by repeated use of the Next button. You can abort the test at any time by pressing the Enter button. If neither button is pressed,
the display automatically steps through the five patterns in the order shown, pausing for about
five seconds at each pattern and then return to the Online mode. The five patterns are shown in
Figure 25.
ALL SEGMENTS ON
ALL SEGMENTS OFF
ALL HORIZONTAL SEGMENTS ON
ALL VERTICAL SEGMENTS ON
ALL DIAGONAL SEGMENTS AND DECIMAL POINTS ON
Figure 25. Display Test Segment Patterns
41
3. Calibration and Configuration
Error Messages
Table 6. Error Messages
Message
OVR RNG
UND RNG
FDB ERR
UDB ERR
BAD IN1
BAD IN3
BAD KEY
LOLIMIT
HILIMIT
42
Interpretation
Normalized calculation result greater than 2% above calibrated span.
a. Overrange input; correct input condition.
b. Bad span calibration; recalibrate span.
c. Bad sensor connection; check electronics module to sensor connection.
d. Defective or damaged sensor; replace sensor.
Normalized calculation result greater than 2% below calibrated zero.
a. Underrange input; correct input condition.
b. Bad zero calibration; recalibrate zero.
c. Bad sensor connection; check electronics module to sensor connection.
d. Defective or damaged sensor; Replace sensor.
CRC error detected in Factory Database on startup.
a. Incorrect user database; replace sensor.
b. Bad sensor connection; check electronics module to sensor.
c. Defective or damaged sensor; replace sensor.
CRC error detected in User Database on startup.
a. Incorrect user database; reconfigure/recalibrate transmitter.
b. Bad sensor connection; check electronics module to sensor.
c. Defective or damaged sensor; replace sensor.
Normalized raw pressure input outside of limits.
a. Extreme overrange or underrange input; Correct input condition.
b. Bad calibration; recalibrate transmitter.
c. Bad sensor connection; check electronics module to sensor.
d. Defective or damaged sensor; replace sensor.
Normalized raw temperature input outside of limits.
a. Bad sensor connection; check electronics module to sensor.
b. Defective or damaged sensor; replace sensor.
Invalid keypress detected
a. Pressing External Zero button with EX ZERO disabled or transmitter not
Online.
b. Pressing Enter when transmitter is Online.
c. Pressing Next or Enter while WAIT is displayed; try again after WAIT message
has cleared.
Calibration adjustment has reached lower limit.
a. Improper calibration setup; correct setup.
b. Bad D/A converter; replace electronics module.
Calibration adjustment has reached upper limit.
a. Improper calibration setup; Correct setup.
b. Bad D/A converter; Replace electronics module.
3. Calibration and Configuration
Table 6. Error Messages (Continued)
Message
Interpretation
BADZERO
Recalculation of offset during CAL AT0, CAL LRV, or EX ZERO resulted in out
of range value.
a. Applied pressure too high during operation.
b. Improper calibration setup.
Recalculation of slope during CAL URV operation resulted in out of range value.
a. Applied pressure too low during CAL URV operation.
b. Improper calibration setup.
Entered value for EGU LRV is outside sensor limits.
Entered value for EGU URV is outside sensor limits.
Recalculation of turndown during EGU LRVor EGU URV resulted in out of
range value. Entered values for EGU LRV and/or EGU URV were either too
close together or too far apart.
Recalculation of display value for EGU LRV or EGU URV resulted in out of range
value. Selection of (linear) EGU units caused display to overflow.
Attempting mode change from LINEAR to SQ<1CUT or SQ<4LIN when
EGU LRV is not 0.0.
BADSPAN
BAD LRV
BAD URV
BAD RNG
RNG>EGU
LRVNOT0
43
3. Calibration and Configuration
44
4. Maintenance
! DANGER
For nonintrinsically safe installations, to prevent a potential explosion in a Division 1
hazardous area, deenergize transmitters before you remove threaded housing covers.
Failure to comply with this warning could result in an explosion causing severe injury
or death.
Parts Replacement
Parts replacement is generally limited to the electronics module assembly, housing assembly, sensor assembly, terminal block assembly, and cover O-rings. For part numbers relating to the transmitter and its options, contact GP:50.
Replacing the Electronics Module
To replace the electronics module assembly, proceed as follows:
1. Turn off transmitter power source.
2. Screw in cover lock (if present) and remove the threaded electronics compartment
cover by rotating it counterclockwise.
3. Remove the electronics module from the housing by loosening the two captive screws
that secure it to the housing. These screws are located towards the sides of the
housing. Then pull the module out of the housing.
! CAUTION
The electronics module is “one assembly” at this point and is electrically and
mechanically connected to topworks with a flexible ribbon signal cable, a 2-wire
power cable, and in some cases, a cable for an optional external zero pushbutton. Do
NOT exceed the slack available in these cables when removing the assembled module.
4. Unplug all cable connectors from the rear of the electronics module, noting the
location of each cable, and place the module on a clean surface.
5. Predetermine connector orientation, then insert the cable connectors into the
replacement module. Replace the module in the housing and tighten the two screws
that secure it to the housing.
NOTE
To rotate display, see “Positioning Display” on page 13.
6. Reinstall the cover onto the housing by rotating it clockwise until the O-ring contacts
the housing; then continue to hand tighten as much as possible (at least 1/4 turn). If
cover locks are present, align the serration in the cover with the lock and unscrew it
until it extends into the cover serration to prevent unwanted cover rotation.
45
4. Maintenance
7. Turn on transmitter power source.
The module replacement procedure is now complete.
NOTE
The transmitter configuration is stored in the sensor assembly. Therefore, the
configuration settings are retained when replacing the electronics module.
Recalibration, however, is recommended.
Removing and Reinstalling the Housing Assembly
To remove and reinstall the housing assembly, proceed as follows:
1. Remove the electronics module per Steps 1 through 4 in the previous procedure.
2. Remove the housing by rotating it counterclockwise (when viewed from the top)
using caution to avoid damaging the ribbon cables.
3. Reinstall the housing by reversing Step 2.
4. Reinstall the electronics module per Steps 5 through 7 in the previous procedure.
Replacing the Sensor Assembly
NOTE
The transmitter configuration is stored in the sensor assembly. Therefore, the
configuration settings must be re-entered after replacing this assembly.
Recalibration is recommended.
To replace the sensor assembly, refer to Figure 26 and proceed as follows:
1. Remove the electronics module as described above.
2. Remove the housing as described above.
3. Remove the process covers from sensor by removing two hex head bolts.
4. Replace gaskets in process covers using new gaskets.
5. Install process covers and housing on new sensor. Torque cover bolts in several even
increments to 100 N⋅m (75 lb⋅ft) [66 N⋅m (50 lb⋅ft) for bolt options B1 and D5].
6. Reinstall electronics module.
7. Pressure test the sensor and process cover assembly by applying a hydrostatic pressure
of 150% of the maximum static and overrange pressure rating (see page 2) to both
sides of the process cover/sensor assembly simultaneously through the process
connections. Hold pressure for one minute. There should be no leakage of the test
fluid through the gaskets. If leakage occurs, retighten the cover bolts per Step 5 or
replace the gaskets.
! CAUTION
Perform hydrostatic test with a liquid and follow proper hydrostatic test procedures.
46
4. Maintenance
PROCESS COVER
SENSOR
PROCESS COVER
GASKETS
HEX HEAD BOLTS
Figure 26. Replacing the Sensor Assembly
BOTTOMWORKS WITH
PROCESS CONNECTOR
CODE 7
pvdf INSERTS
PROCESS CONNECTIONS
Figure 27. Replacing the Sensor Assembly (Code 78/79 pvdf Inserts)
47
4. Maintenance
Replacing the Terminal Block Assembly
1. Turn off transmitter power source.
2. Screw in cover lock (if present) and remove the Field Terminals compartment cover by
rotating it counterclockwise.
3. Remove the four socket head screws securing the terminal block.
4. Disconnect the loop wiring connector from the terminal block.
5. Remove the terminal block and the gasket under it.
6. Install new gasket.
7. Reconnect the loop wiring connector to the new terminal block.
8. Install the new terminal block and resinstall the four screws to 0.56 N⋅m (5 lb⋅in) in
several even increments.
9. Reinstall the cover onto the housing by rotating it clockwise until the O-ring contacts
the housing; then continue to hand tighten as much as possible (at least 1/4 turn). If
cover locks are present, align the serration in the cover with the lock and unscrew it
until it extends into the cover serration to prevent unwanted cover rotation.
10. Turn on transmitter power source.
Rotating Process Covers for Venting
As received, the DIP10Transmitter provides sensor cavity draining without the need for side
drain connections, regardless of whether the transmitter is mounted vertically or horizontally.
Sensor cavity venting is provided by mounting horizontally or with the optional vent screw (-V).
However, if you did not specify this option, you can still achieve venting (instead of draining)
with vertical mounting by rotating the process covers. See Figure 28.
NOTE
Not applicable when pvdf inserts are specified.
48
4. Maintenance
LIQUID PROCESS FLOW
STANDARD
ORIENTATION
PROCESS COVERS
CONDENSED
LIQUID FREELY
DRAINS
GASEOUS PROCESS FLOW
GAS FREELY VENTS
INVERTED
PROCESS
COVERS
Figure 28. Sensor Cavity Venting and Draining
To rotate the process covers, refer to Figure 7 and proceed as follows:
1. Remove the process covers from sensor by removing two hex head bolts.
2. Replace gaskets in process covers.
3. Rotate the process covers so that the longer tab is at the bottom.
4. Reinstall process covers and bolts. Torque cover bolts to 100 N⋅m (75 lb⋅ft) in several
even increments. Torque values are 66 N⋅m (50 lb⋅ft) when optional 316 ss bolts are
specified.
5. Pressure test the sensor and process cover assembly by applying a hydrostatic pressure
of 150% of the maximum static and overrange pressure (see page 2) to both sides of
the process cover/sensor assembly simultaneously through the process connections.
Hold pressure for one minute. There should be no leakage of the test fluid through
the gaskets. If leakage occurs, retighten the cover bolts per Step 4 or replace the gaskets
and retest.
! CAUTION
Perform hydrostatic test with a liquid and follow proper hydrostatic test procedures.
49
4. Maintenance
50
Index
B
Bench Calibration Setup
27
C
Calibration
33
Calibration and Configuration
Calibration Notes
28
Calibration Setup
25
Configuration
35
Cover Locks
14
25
E
Electronics Module, Replacing
Error Messages
42
45
F
Field Calibration Setup
25
Field Terminals
15
Filling System with Seal Liquid
13
G
General Description
1
H
Housing Assembly, Removing and Reinstalling
46
I
Identification
1
Installation
8
M
Maintenance
45
Mounting
8
P
Parts Replacement
45
Piping
9
Positioning Display
13
Positioning Housing
13
Product Safety
5
Product Safety Specifications
5
Putting Transmitter into Operation
18
51
Index
R
S
Sensor Assembly, Replacing
Specifications
2
46
T
Taking Transmitter Out of Operation
Terminal Block Assembly, Replacing
Testing the Display
41
18
48
V
Venting, Rotating Process Covers for
48
W
Wiring
15
Z
Zero Adjustment Using External Zero Button
35
GP:50 NY Limited
2770 Long Rd
Grand Island, NY 14072
www.gp50.com
sales@gp50.com
Phone: 1-877-774-4751
(716) 773-9300
Fax: (716) 773-5019
Fluorinert is a trademark of Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company.
Hastelloy is a trademark of Haynes International.
Monel is a trademark of Inco Alloys International, Inc.
Polyflo is a trademark of Imperial Eastman Division of Imperial Clevite Incorporated.
Swagelok is a trademark of Crawford Fitting Co.
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