INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL FOR

INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL FOR
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL
FOR SUPERTRACK MODEL K5
Ku-BAND TV-RO ANTENNAS
KNS Inc.
Tel)+82-42-932-0351~2
Fax)+82-42-932-0353
Web) http://kns-kr.com/
28.03. 2011
KNS SuperTrack systems are manufactured in the
Republic of South Korea.
Copyright Notice
All Rights Reserved. The information contained in this document is proprietary to
KNS, Inc. This document may not be reproduced or distributed in any form without
the consent of KNS, Inc. The information in this document is subject to change
without notice.
Copyright 2011 KNS, Inc.
i
Revision History
Revision Date
Description
By
1.0
Initial Release(PCU Ver. K1.040 &
Hong
14. 01. 2011
ACU Ver. 1.00)
1.1
16. 06. 2011
Change the photo of packing
box(PCU Ver. K1.050 & ACU Ver.
1.10)
ii
Hong
Remarks
Contents
1. Introduction ........................................................................... 1
1.1. Purpose ....................................................................................... 1
2. Installation ............................................................................. 2
2.1.
2.2.
2.3.
2.4.
2.5.
2.6.
Site Selection .............................................................................. 2
Unpacking the Unit ..................................................................... 4
Equipment and Cable Installation .............................................. 5
Antenna Unit Mounting ............................................................... 6
ACU Mounting ............................................................................. 9
Gyro Connection(Optional) ....................................................... 10
2.7. Cable Connection ...................................................................... 13
3. Operation ..............................................................................16
3.1. Front Panel Functions .............................................................. 16
3.2. ACU Display Operation ............................................................. 19
3.3. Set-up Mode .............................................................................. 22
4. How to Operate SCS ............................................................31
4.1.
4.2.
4.3.
4.4.
4.5.
Connect to PC ........................................................................... 31
Setting the parameters of the satellite ..................................... 33
Skew Control ............................................................................. 40
Antenna State ............................................................................ 42
Installer ...................................................................................... 45
Appendix A: Example of Setting the Satellite’s Parameters
Using SCS ..................................................................................50
Appendix B: Error Code Definition ..........................................55
Appendix C: Specifications ......................................................59
Appendix D: Satellite Information ............................................60
Appendix E: Radome and Antenna Mounting Holes Layout ..64
a
1. Introduction
1.1. Purpose
The purpose of this manual is to provide the necessary information required by the
end user, customer and installer to successfully install the K5 antenna and controller
and to program the KA-80 for operation.
It is recommended that all personnel responsible for operating K5 systems should
know which type of system they have, read and understand the basic terms, and be
familiar with the operation of these systems.
Although installations may be completed by the customer’s preferred personnel, it is
also recommended that personnel be trained in the KNS suite of equipment installation
procedures and trained by the relevant KNS Inc. experts.
1
2. Installation
2.1. Site Selection
Determine the optimum mounting location for the antenna radome assembly. It
should be installed where:
1. The antenna has a clear line-of-sight view of as much of the sky as is practical.
Choose a location where masts or other structures do not block the satellite signal
from the dish as the boat turns.
2. The antenna is situated at least 5m away from other transmitting antennae (HF,
VHF and radar) that may generate signals that may interfere with the SuperTrack K
series antenna. The further away the SuperTrack K series antenna is from other
such antennae, the less impact their operation will have on it.
The antenna radome assembly should be rigidly mounted on the boat. If necessary,
reinforce the mounting area to ensure that it does not flex due to the boat’s motion
or vibration.
Figure 2-1 Best Location I
2
Figure 2-2 Best Location II
Figure 2-3 Antenna Blockages
3
2.2. Unpacking the Unit
Cut the band and remove the items of antenna equipment. Do not turn the box on its
side to tip or roll out the product, or turn the box upside down to remove it.
Figure 2-4 Unpack the Antenna
4
2.3. Equipment and Cable Installation
The coax connector bracket beneath the radome is labeled. The functional
assignment of these labels is as follows:
K5 Connectors
RF1: Connect to the multi-switch (Vertical Low).
RF2: Connect to the multi-switch (Horizontal Low).
RF3: Connect to the multi-switch (Vertical High).
RF4/ACU: Connect to the ACU.
NOTE: Unused coax connections (on the connector bracket) MUST be terminated
with a 75ohm terminator.
NOTE:
We recommend the following cable types for cable lengths:
-within 20m: RG6
-within 50m: RG11
-within 100m: LMR400
-within 200m: LMR600
NOTE: Impedance of cable is 75ohm. Also you can select the other cable types.
You have to keep in mind that we recommend all attenuation of cable is under
20dB at 2.5GHz.
Figure 2-5 RF Connector Bracket
5
2.4. Antenna Unit Mounting
Drill four bolt holes and cut out a cable access hole on the mounting site. (See
reference appendix.)
Position the base plate over the mounting holes and the cable access hole, and
then align the radome base plate’s “Bow” label (shown in Figure 2-6) with the
ship’s bow.
Figure 2-6 “BOW” Label of the Radome Base
1. Connect the data/power and the RF cables from below decks to the base plate
with a 7/16” wrench, applying 30 pounds of torque. Check the label on both ends
of each RF cable to match its antenna base-plate connector. Do NOT use Teflon
gel on the cable fittings as it reduces signal strength at high frequencies.
2. Install flat washers and spring washers and a mounting bolt to each mounting hole of
the radome base from the underside of the mounting surface. Apply Loctite 241 to the
threads of the mounting bolt up near the mounting surface and tighten each of the 4
bolts to 24 in-lb (21 kg-cm) of torque [finger tight, then about 1/4 turn tighter] with a
wrench. DO NOT OVER-TIGHTEN. You have to install mounting bolts of the proper
length. If a bolt is too long, the extra length of threaded rod that extends above the
radome base should be cut off.
6
Figure 2-7 Tighten the nuts from below
7
3. Remove the screw and wire tie holding the Antenna. Please refer to Figures 2-8
below.
Figure 2-8 Fixed the Forms and Wire Ties
8
2.5. ACU Mounting
The ACU may be mounted either horizontally or vertically.
1. The ACU should be placed in a dry location that is convenient for the user.
2. It must be situated in a place that is not susceptible to magnetic interference; nor
must it be situated on a level surface.
3. It should be placed so that the LCD display is visible and the buttons are easily
accessible.
Figure 2-9 KA-80 ACU
9
2.6. Gyro Connection(Optional)
The SuperTrack K5 accepts NMEA-type gyro via NMEA port of the ACU back
panel. Connect the NMEA port with a ship’s gyro using a 9-pin connector (female
type).
Figure 2-10 NMEA Connector
Figure 2-11 Female-type 9-pin Connector
10
Gyro Cable Connection
The cable connection differs according to the type of NMEA. Connect the NMEA
port with the ship’s gyro, as indicated in Figures 2-12 and 2-13 below.
Pin No.
Pin Name
1
RX-
2
RX+
3
TXD
4
Dummy
5
GND
6
Dummy
7
Dummy
8
Dummy
9
Dummy
Table 2-1 Using the pin number of the ACU Connector for the NMEA type
Figure 2-12 Cable Connection NMEA 422/485
Figure 2-13 Cable Connection NMEA 232
11
NOTE: KA-80 ACU can accept the various format of NMEA, as follow: HDT; HDG;
HDM.
NOTE: SuperTrack K5 will be initializing when NMEA signal is accepted via NMEA.
Installer doesn’t need any setting on the ACU and antenna when connects the
NMEA signal.
12
2.7. Cable Connection
For the SuperTrack K5 to work, you must connect the RF cables to your satellite TV
receiver(s). Each RF cable must be an RF (75 ohms) cable fitted with F-type
connectors. The RF cables should already be connected to the antenna base plate.
There should be one ~ four coax cables routed from the ACU to the Antenna unit
according to your configurations. Note that Data and Power are transmitted through a
single coax cable. This cable should be connected to the RF4/ACU labeled “RF
connector of the antenna base plate” and the connector of the ACU labeled
“ANTENNA.” The remaining coax cable routing depends on your configuration. Due
to the signal polarization of the satellites, it is possible for the SuperTrack K5 to
support more than two satellite TV receivers aboard a boat. To install more than two
satellite TV receivers/TV pairs, an active multi-switch is placed between the Antenna
Unit and the Satellite TV receivers. The following sections provide details for the
installation of both a single satellite TV receiver and multiple satellite TV receivers.
To connect the SuperTrack K5 to your satellite TV receiver(s), choose one of the
following configurations (based on the number of satellite TV receivers you will
connect to the antenna):
Option 1 - Connecting one satellite TV receiver for one satellite
Option 2 - Connecting multi satellite TV receivers
Connecting one satellite TV receiver for one satellite (Only use the ‘HH’
polarity of the satellite)
One satellite TV receiver for one satellite is the simplest type of cable installation.
Only two coaxial cables should be connected between the antenna unit and the
satellite TV receiver, as shown in Figure 2-14. One end of the RF cable should already
be connected to the connector labeled “RF4” on the base of the SuperTrack K5
antenna. Connect the other end of the RECEIVER cable to the satellite TV receiver
connector labeled “LNB,” “ANT/SAT,” or “satellite IN.” And, the “RF4/ACU” connector of
the antenna base plate must also be connected to the “ANTENNA” connector of the
ACU. In this configuration, every satellite should be selected manually using the ACU.
NOTE: Before you connect an RF cable to a satellite TV receiver, turn on the satellite
TV receiver and TV and verify that there is no AC voltage on the satellite TV receiver’s
13
input connector, as measured between the center conductor and the shield. If AC
voltage is present on the connector, DO NOT connect the RF cable until you have
corrected the problem. This is a potentially dangerous condition that will damage the
antenna’s electronics.
Figure 2-14 One Satellite TV Receiver Installation
Connecting multi satellite TV receivers (Use of the all polarity of satellite)
In European systems that come with a Quattro LNB (optional Quad LNB), all four
RF outputs from the SuperTrack K5 antenna should be connected to the multiswitch. Connect each of the satellite TV receiver’s inputs to the output connectors
on the multi-switch. Connect the multi-switch unit in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions. Figure 2-15 shows an example of a European multiswitch (4 inputs and 4 outputs) configuration.
14
RF1: Low Band Vertical
RF2: Low Band Horizontal
RF3: High Band Vertical
RF4: High Band Horizontal
RF4/
RF1 RF2 RF3 ACU
RF
Vertical
/Low
RF
Horizontal
/Low
RF
Vertical
/High
RF
Horizontal
/High
ANTENNA
4X4
Multiswitch
OUT1
OUT3
OUT2
Antenna Control Unit
(ACU)
OUT4
110~220VAC
50~60Hz
IRD #2
SAT IN
IRD #3
RECEIVER
PC
Diagnostics
IRD #4
TV
Master IRD
Figure 2-15 Four Satellites TV Receivers Installation with European LNB
NOTE: If you want use more satellite TV receivers than four, you can choose 8
outputs or 16 outputs.
15
3. Operation
3.1. Front Panel Functions
1. MENU button – Press the MENU button for more than 3 seconds to enter the
set-up mode. When you want to escape from the set-up mode, press MENU again
for more than 3 seconds. Another function of the MENU button is that of checking
the error message when the K5 makes an error. When the error LED is on, press
the MENU button briefly. Then, you will be able to see the hexadecimal error
message. Please press the NEXT button for about 2 seconds to clear the error. If
you press MENU briefly again, you can go back to normal operation.
NOTE: KA-80 ACU can display the error message as binary. Press the MENU
button and press NEXT button for 3 seconds. Then, you will be able to see the
binary error message.
NOTE: Operator can make sure the communication status of ACU and antenna as
below when press MENU and press SEARCH shortly again. Packet means the
number of command from ACU, loss means the number of loss on the PCU. The
more loss this display, communication status is not good.
Figure 3- 1 Packet Loss
2. SLEEP button – Press the SLEEP button to enter the sleep mode when antenna
is tracking the satellite. The antenna does not conical scan when the TRACK
button is pressed. It function can reduce the noise of motor when vessel is
anchored at the dock or calm shore. This button is also used to scroll left (◀) in
the menu.
3. NEXT button – Press the NEXT button to select your preprogrammed next
satellite. When your desired satellite is displayed, stop pressing NEXT, and then,
after 3 seconds, the antenna automatically searches for your desired satellite.
16
Use this button when you want to scroll right (▶) in the menu.
4. M/C button – Press M/C for more than 3 seconds to enter computer link via RS
232. When you want to escape from computer link, press M/C for more than 3
seconds. This button is also used to scroll up (▲) in the menu.
5. SEARCH button – Press SEARCH for more than 3 seconds to re-search for the
current satellite. This button is also used to scroll down (▼) in the menu.
6. PWR button (Power button) – Use this button when you want to turn on/off the
antenna unit power.
7. TRACK LED – Blinking indicates that the antenna is searching for the satellite.
ON indicates that the antenna is tracking the satellite.
OFF indicates that the antenna is in the stall mode or initializing.
8. GPS LED – Blinking indicates that the antenna has distinguished the GSP but that
the GPS data is invalid.
ON indicates that the antenna is receiving valid GPS data.
OFF indicates that the GPS antenna is not installed or is malfunctioning.
9. DiSEqC LED – Blinking indicates that DiSEqC option is selected as 22KHz
tone.
ON indicates that the DiSEqC option is selected as DiSEqC 1.2 to switch satellites
automatically.
OFF indicates that the DiSEqC option is disabled. Press the NEXT button to select
the next satellite manually.
10. ERROR LED – ON indicates that one or more discrete system errors have occurred.
(Refer to Error Code)
OFF indicates that no errors have occurred.
17
Figure 3-2 Antenna Control Unit Front Panel
Figure 3-3 Antenna Control Unit Back Panel
18
3.2. ACU Display Operation
If you turn on the power switch of the antenna control unit, you can view the steps
shown in Figure 3-4 below.
41: Satellite Index Number
ASTRA1. : SAT name
625 : Signal Strength
180 : Calculated Heading Angle
INIT, SRCH, TRACK, SFAIL :
Antenna state
N:049.4 : Latitude Value
E:006.3 : Longitude Value
PI : Pitch Angle
RO : Roll Angle
YA : Yaw Angle
’
Figure 3-4 Display Flow on the ACU LCD
19
Display of the Antenna State
INIT (Initializing): The ACU displays ‘INIT’ on the LCD when the antenna is
initializing.
SRCH(Searching): The ACU displays ‘SRCH’ on the LCD when the antenna is
searching for the satellite.
TRCK(Tracking): The ACU displays ‘TRCK’ on the LCD when the antenna is
tracking the satellite.
SFAIL(Searching Fail): The ACU displays ‘SFAIL’ on the LCD when antenna isn’t
searching for the satellite for 3 minutes or you select a different area from your area.
E:006.3, N:049.4(GPS data): The ACU continuously displays the GPS data on the
LCD. If KA-80 ACU is connected with ship’s gyro, the ACU displays the ship’s heading
instead of the roll and pitch, yaw angle, as shown in Fig 3-5 below.
PI(Pitch angle): The ACU displays ‘PI:000.0’ on the LCD. It is calculated pitch angle
of vessel by PCU
RO(Roll angle): The ACU displays ‘RO:000.0’ on the LCD. It is calculated roll angle
of vessel by PCU
YA(Yaw angle): The ACU displays ‘YA:000.0’ on the LCD. It is calculated yaw angle
of vessel by PCU
HALT: If the antenna experiences the same control error twice within 3 minutes, the
PCU isn’t supplying the torque to all motors to protect the antenna. In this case,
the ACU will display ‘HALT’ on the LCD. The antenna continues in ‘halt’ mode until
the ACU power has been reset.
Figure 3-5 Display of tracking on gyro mode
NOTE: For the first power-on of the GPS antenna, it will take about 5 minutes to
calculate your location from the GPS satellites’ signals and configure the database.
20
NOTE: Do not push any buttons during the self-diagnosis sequence.
NOTE: If operator selects the ‘SLEE MODE ON’, the ACU displays the ‘#’ between
satellite name and status of antenna as shown in Fig 3-6 below.
Figure 3-6 Display on the sleep mode
NOTE: You can see the initial time on the LCD panel as shown in Fig 3-7 below
during initializing. Please don’t be rotated vessel during or antenna may be not
searching for satellite.
Figure 3-7 Display the Initializing Time
21
3.3. Set-up Mode
Initial set-up is accomplished by the installer or operator using the SETUP Mode to
configure the system parameters.
Press and hold the “MENU” button for more than 3 seconds to enter the SETUP
mode. To navigate the menu, press the UP or DOWN button. The set-up mode has
10 sub-menus.
Upgrade
The installer or operator can change and configure the current parameters of the
K5 by computer.
Connect the M&C port of the ACU to the serial port or the USB port of the
computer with an RS-232 cable (Cross: Female to Female), as shown in Figure 3-8.
Figure 3-8 Connection ACU with Computer
If you want to connect to the PC, follow Figure 3-9 or Figure 3-10.
Figure 3-9 Computer Link step 1
22
Figure 3-10 Computer Link step 2
10
Set Latitude and Longitude
In the event of invalid GPS data or GPS breakdown, you can input the desired
latitude and longitude. Refer to Figure 3-11. This data will be changed if the GPS
data is valid or if the ACU power is reset.
Figure 3-11 Set Latitude & Longitude step
23
Program Area
Before you select your satellites, you have to select the service area from among
Asia, Europe, Latin America, and North America.
Figure 3-12 Program Area Setting Step
NOTE: The K5 has 80 satellite IDs, and each area has the parameters of 20
satellites, as shown below.
North America: Sat ID 1~20
South America: Sat ID 21~40
Europe: Sat ID 41~60
Asia: Sat ID 61~80
NOTE: If you select a different area from your area, the ACU will display SFAIL
(Searching Fail) on the LCD and the antenna will point toward the appointed
position after initialization.
NOTE: All satellites on the same area share the LNB local frequency.
24
Program Satellite
The user can select up to 5 desired satellites on KA-80 ACU. The user has to
select the DiSEqC mode from among either DiSEqC off or the DiSEqC 1.2 or 22
KHz tones before selecting the satellites.
If DiSEqC off is selected, the user can change the desired satellite using the
▶(Next) button. After selecting the satellites from A to E, the KA-80 ACU changes
the satellite when the user presses the ▶(Next) button.
In the case of 22 KHz, firstly, the ACU commands the antenna to search for the
‘SAT_A’ and then, if the ACU receives the 22 KHz tone via the ‘receiver’ port of the
AUC back panel, the ACU commands the antenna to search for ‘SAT_B’. But this
function requires the 22 KHz tone from the satellite TV receiver.
NOTE: If DiSEqC 1.2 is selected, the DiSEqC LED will turn on. Also, the satellite
cannot be changed using the ‘▶(Next)’ button.
Press M/C
for 3 seconds
Press M/C and hold for 3 seconds
Select ‘Program Satellite’
Press MENU
Select DiSEqC mode
by ‘▲’ or ‘▼’
Select satellite
by ‘▲’ or ‘▼’ and Press MENU
Press MENU
Select satellite
by ‘▲’ or ‘▼’ and Press MENU
Select satellite
by ‘▲’ or ‘▼’ and Press MENU
Select satellite
by ‘▲’ or ‘▼’ and Press MENU
Select satellite
by ‘▲’ or ‘▼’ and Press MENU
Figure 3-13 Program Satellite Setting Step
25
Skew Angle Setting
The K5 calculates the skew angle automatically. However, if the user wants to
change the skew angle, he/she can change the skew angle using the ‘Manual
Mode’. The user can also optimize the skew angle when desired satellite has
polarity offset.
Press M/C
for 3 seconds
Press M/C and hold for 3 seconds
And select ‘Skew Angle Setting’
Press MENU
Select mode
by ‘►’ or ‘◄’
Figure 3-14 Setting the Skew Mode
26
a. Auto Mode
In the Auto mode, the ACU displays the skew angle calculated by the PCU. The
K5’s default skew mode is auto. The K5 automatically changes the skew angle
when the satellite is changed.
b. Manual Mode
The Installer or Operator can change the skew angle to the desired skew angle,
as shown below.
Figure 3-15 Setting the Skew Angle in Manual Mode
NOTE: ‘C:’ refers to the current skew angle. ‘A:’ refers to signal strength. ‘S:’
refers to the user setting the skew angle.
c. Trim
User can optimize the default skew angle to find a higher signal level, when
desired satellite has polarity offset. First of all, change the skew angle where
antenna can get higher signal than before using manual mode. And then select
the ‘TRIM’ and press the ‘MENU’. Lastly, select the ‘SAVE’ and press the ‘MENU’.
After save, the skew angle of desired satellite will be changed to new position.
NOTE: Polarity reference of satellite is the equator. However some satellite’s
polarity is other position not the equator for various reasons. And there is polarity
offset between calculated skew angle by PCU and true skew angle on the satellite
27
that polarity reference is not the equator. Therefore installer and user should check
whether there is polarity offset or not. If there is skew offset, skew angle should be
changed to get a higher signal.
Set new skew angle
by ‘▲’ or ‘▼’ and Press MENU
Press MENU
Select TRIM
by ‘►’ or ‘◄’
Press MENU
Select SAVE
by ‘►’ or ‘◄’
Press MENU
Figure 3-16 Steps of TRIM function
d. Reset
Reset is selected when it delete the inputted skew angle. The skew angle on
desired satellite will be changed to initial skew angle after selecting the ‘RESET’
mode.
e. Save
Press ‘MENU’ after selecting the ‘SAVE’ mode, if you want to save the trim angle
is saved.
f.
Exit
Press ‘EXIT’ to escape to upper menu.
28
Satellite Edit
Operator can edit the 5 satellites that be selected satellite on the ‘SAA’ to ‘SAE’. If
you select ‘Satellite Edit’, you can change the 5 satellites’ name.
Figure 3-17 Edit User-Settable Satellite Name
29
Satellite Parameter Edit
Operator can edit parameters like frequency and symbol rate, searching standard.
This function is useful when desired transponder’s parameters are no longer
available.
Press M/C
for 3 seconds
Press M/C and hold for 3 seconds
Select ‘Sat Parameter Edit’
Press MENU
Change the parameter by ‘▲’ or ‘▼’
Press MENU
Select ‘YES’ by ‘▲’ or ‘▼’
Change the parameter by ‘▲’ or ‘▼’
Press MENU
Change the parameter by ‘▲’ or ‘▼’
Press MENU
Press MENU
Select ‘YES’ by ‘▲’ or ‘▼’
Figure 3-18 Edit the Satellite Parameters
30
4. How to Operate SCS
Installer or operator can change parameters by SCS(SuperTrack Control Software)
Version 1.8.1. Also SCS can show the current status of K5.
4.1. Connect to PC
After connects to the PC like Figure 3-8, runs the SCS. Press M/C and hold 3
seconds or select ‘Upgrade’ in setup mode.
And then select the COM port of your computer, select baud rate 19200. Lastly
click the ‘DISCONNECT’, then K5 is connected with computer.
You can see that ‘CONNECT’ LED of status panel is on like Figure 4-2. Also, you
can see the current display of ACU LCD. State of antenna is one among ‘Initialize’,
‘Searching’ ‘Searching Fail’, and ‘Tracking’, ‘HALT’.
1. Select the COM port
2. Select the Baudrate
3. Click the ‘DISCONNECT’
Figure 4-1 Connection K5 with PC
31
Connection Staus
Display of LCD
Figure 4-2 Connection Status K5 with PC
32
4.2. Setting the parameters of the satellite
Satellite Select
You can select area and satellite by SCS. Refer to below step and Figure 4-3.
a. Click the ‘Sat Select(F3)’ or press F3.
b. Select area in ‘Zone Select’.
c. Select desired satellite in ‘Satellite Select’.
d. Press ‘Send’ to upload to PCU.
1. Select the Area
2. Select the
desired satellite
3. Click to upload
Figure 4-3 Select Area and Satellite Step
NOTE: K5 has 4 areas(Europe, Asia, North America, and South America). K5 has
parameters of 80 satellites; there are 20 satellites on each area.
33
Satellite List Update
You can modify the satellite name and longitude in SCS. SCS program
folder(\Program Files\SuperTrackV3_3) has on text file. The text file’s name is
SatIDMatch. If you want change the satellite name or longitude, you can modify
this text file and click the ‘List Update’, select the changed text file. Then satellite
name or longitude is changed in satellite list. But changed satellite is only changed
the display name and longitude on the SCS. If you want to change the satellite
parameters, you have to change the satellite parameters in ‘Sat Setting(F4)’.
Click
Figure 4-4 Satellite List Update Step 1
34
Figure 4-5 Satellite List Update Step 2
35
Edit Satellite Parameters
If select user settable satellite or desired satellite’s parameters are not correct,
you can change the select satellite’s parameters. Refer to below step and Figure 46.
a. Click the ‘Sat Setting(F4)’ or press F4 after select the desired satellite.
b. Click the ‘Sat Info Request’ to update from PCU. Then target satellite’s
parameters are uploading to parameters panel from PCU.
c. If you want to change the LNB local frequency, input the new local frequency
and click the ‘OK’ button to upload to PCU.
d. Change the satellite parameter and click each ‘OK’ button to upload to PCU. (If
not click after change the parameters, changed parameters are not upload to
PCU)
e. Press ‘Save’ to save changed parameters.
3. Satellite
Parameters
2.LNB Local
Frequency
4. ‘OK’
Buttons
5. Click to
Save
1.Click
Figure 4-6 Edit Satellite Parameters
NOTE: LNB local frequency is same in same area.
NOTE: Should click the ‘Save’ to save the changed parameters to PCU.
36
SAT ID means satellite index like below.
ID 1~20: North America
ID 21~40: South America
ID 41~60: Europe
ID 61~80: Asia
NOTE: There are no some satellites on the satellite list of SCS. However you can
select other satellites as below method.
a. Input the SAT ID(1~80), and click the ‘OK’.
b. Click the ‘Sat Info Request’, and then the parameters of desired SAT ID will
be uploading to parameter panel.
1. Input the
SAT ID
3. Click
Figure 4-7 Edit Satellite Parameters
37
2.Click
Search Ref means K5’s searching reference that used reference during the search
the satellite.
AGC THD: Search higher AGC level than preset AGC threshold level in PCU.
C/N THD: Search higher C/N level than preset C/N threshold level in PCU.
CLock: Search the target DVB Carrier lock(Default).
Track Ref means K5’s tracking reference that used reference during the track the
satellite.
AGC: Track the highest AGC level(Default).
C/N: Track the highest C/N level.
RSSD(Receive Signal Detector): Track the highest RSSD value(It is currently
not available).
RX Polarity means RX polarity of satellite.
Horizontal/Vertical
THRD Level means threshold level if searching reference is AGC THD or C/N THD.
Polarity means voltage and tone of LNB. K5’s default is ‘HH’
Linear LNB(Horizontal/Vertical, High/Low)
HH(18V, 22KHz)
HL(18V,
0KHz)
VH(13V, 22KHz)
VL(13V,
0KHz)
Circular LNB(Left Handed/Right Handed, High/Low)
LH(18V, 22KHz)
LL(18V,
0KHz)
RH(13V, 22KHz)
RL(13V,
0KHz)
SCH STD means Searching standard.
Auto: PCU automatically search the carrier.
DVB S1: search the DVB S1 carrier.
DVB S2: Search the DVB S2 carrier.
DSS(Digital Satellite System): US standard
38
LNB Freq means RX frequency of satellite.
Symbol means symbol rate of satellite.
NOTE: In case of tracking reference is AGC, adjacent satellite’s carrier can affect
desired satellite’s carrier as below Figure 4-8. Some satellites have the adjacent
satellite interferences the same reason as above. So should set the tracking
reference to ‘C/N’ in these satellites.
Figure 4-8 Affection of neighborhood satellite
NOTE: If select the ‘Auto’ in ‘SCH STD’, K5’s searching time is slower than select
the ‘DVB S1’ or ‘DVB S2’.
39
4.3. Skew Control
You can select skew mode(‘Auto’ or ‘Manual’) by SCS. Also change the skew
angle at desired skew angle using ‘Manual’ mode.
Change the skew angle on manual mode
a. Input the desired skew angle in ‘Desired Manual Angle’.
b. Click the ‘Skew Manual’, then skew move to desired angle.
Input The Desired
Skew Angle
Skew Mode Setting
Figure 4-9 Change the Skew Angle on Manual Mode
NOTE: In case of K5’s skew is manual mode, K5’s skew is not changed when
switch the satellite or change the vessel position(longitude, latitude).
40
Set the peak trim
Skew angle automatically calculated by PCU, but sometimes satellite has skew offset.
In this case, you have to set the peak to track a higher quality. Refer to below step and
Figure 4-10. This function is same with ‘TRIM’ on the ACU.
a. Change the skew angle on skew manual mode after select the desired satellite
that has skew offset.
b. Look at the Quality, then search higher quality by change of skew.
c. Click the ‘Set To Peak’, after search a higher quality.
d. Click the “Peak Save’ to save changed peak.
e. Then, K5’s skew is moving to changed skew angle when select this satellite.
Current Skew Angle
Current Signal Level(Quality)
Figure 4-10 Setting Peak Trim
NOTE: If you want reset the peak, click the ‘Peak Reset’ and click the ‘Peak Save’.
41
4.4. Antenna State
You can see the current state of K5 by SCS like below. Click the ‘Antenna State’ or
press F6.
AHRS
Data
Status 2
Status 1
Target
Satellite
Signal
Level
GPS
Data
Heading
Angle
Figure 4-11 Antenna State
Current Status of antenna
User can check the status of antenna, which are status of run and sleep, carrier
lock, tracking and searching and tracking reference, GPS state, searching standard,
searching method.
Target Satellite
User can look at the SAT ID and longitude of target satellite.
Signal Level
User can see the signal level of target satellite as AGC and C/N when antenna is
tracking the satellite. In case of satellite with weak signal, AGC is about 1700 and
C/N is about 3500. Also in normal signal level, AGC is about 1800 and C/N is
42
about 3600. However these values can be changed by a weather condition or other
reasons.
GPS Data
User can check the current GPS data.
Heading Angle
SCS displays the ship’s heading angle when ACU accepts the NMEA signal from
ship’s gyro via NMEA port.
AHRS Data
K5 has IMU(Inertial Measurement Unit) to measure the roll and pitch, yaw angle.
These values are used to search for and track the satellite. Also skew angle is
automatically changing using these values when vessel is rolling.
AHRS math roll and pitch, yaw are calculated by inverse kinematics when
antenna is tracking the satellite. Also this AHRS math yaw angle is displayed on
the ACU when antenna is tracking the satellite as below. This value is reliable to
use the heading angel of vessel when gyro compass is broken.
Figure 4-12 AHRS math yaw
43
C/N Graph
You can see the graph of C/N on ‘Antenna State’.
Graph of C/N
Figure 4-13 C/N Graph
44
4.5. Installer
Installer and operator can monitor the status of antenna using installer panel. Also
they can select the searching mode, which are manual pointing and manual
searching, auto searching. And can set the skew trim. Click the ‘Installer’ or press
F7.
NOTE: After change the skew trim angle and reset the skew trim angle, you must click
the ‘SAVE’ to save to PCU.
Figure 4-14 Saving the Initial Value
Skew Setting
Method of skew trim is same with ‘Skew Control(F5)’ panel.
Set GPS
SCS is set the GPS data, when GPS data is not valid or breakdown.
a. Input the latitude and longitude.
b. If change the ‘North’ or ‘South’ and ‘East’ or ‘West’, click the ‘ North’ or
‘South’ and ‘East’ or ‘West’
c.
Click the ‘Set GPS’
45
Figure 4-15 Setting the GPS Data
NOTE: If click the ‘Cur Value’, current GPS data is displayed in GSP panel when
GPS is available.
46
Manual Pointing
Antenna is pointing toward desired position where is inputted by user. Antenna
realizes the ‘BOW’ mark on the Radome base when ACU is not connected with
ship’s gyro.
a. Press the ‘Manual Point’ to stop the searching.
b. Input the desired elevation and azimuth angle.
c.
Press the ‘Pointing’ to move to desired position.
1. Click
3. Click
2. Input the
Desired Value
Figure 4-16 Manual Pointing
47
Manual Searching
Antenna starts the searching from desired position where is inputted by user.
a. Press the ‘Manual Search’ to stop the searching.
b. Input the desired elevation and azimuth angle.
c.
Press the ‘Searching’ to move to desired position.
3. Click
1. Click
2. Input the
Desired Value
Figure 4-17 Manual Searching
48
Graph
You can see the antenna parameters graph by SCS. Refer to below step.
a. Select item(‘Reference’, ‘CurSate’, ‘Error’, ‘Voltage’),
b. Select sub menus (1~9), then click the ‘on’ button of selected submenus.
c. Click the “Axis Set’ to set the axis set, then change maximum and minimum
value of graph.
d. Click the ‘Data OFF’ to see the graph.
e. Click the ‘Data ON’ to stop the graph.
4. Click the Data OFF
to Run the Graph
3. Set th Max and
Min Value of Graph
1. Select the
Desired Item
2. Click the ON
to Select the Submenus
Figure 4-18 Graph View
NOTE: Click the ‘HELP’ button, then you can see the index of graph.
49
Appendix
A:
Example
of
Setting
the
Satellite’s Parameters Using SCS
The K5 has 80 satellite parameters. You can input or change the satellite
parameters if there is no desired satellite.
If you want to input the desired satellite parameters in User 1, please follow the
steps outlined below.
Satellite
Longitude
RF Frequency
Symbol Rate
Polarity
Astra1
E19.2
12,692MHz
22,000KHz
Horizontal
Table A-1 Default Satellite Parameters in Astra1(Sat ID : 41)
Satellite
Longitude
RF Frequency
Symbol Rate
Polarity
Astra1
E19.2
12,266MHz
27,500KHz
Horizontal
Table A-2 Desired Satellite Parameters
Connect ACU with PC and press and hold 2~3 seconds the ‘M/C’ of ACU front
panel
Run the SCS Ver. 1.8.1
Click the ‘DISCONNECT’
Click the ‘Sat Select’ or press ‘F3’
Select the ‘EUROPE’ in ‘Zone Select’
Select the ‘(S:58)023.5E Astra2ConLow/User1’ in ‘Satellite Select’
Click the ‘Send’ to upload to PCU.
50
1. Select the Area
2. Select the S:59 23.5E
Astra2ConHigh/User1
3. Click to upload
51
Click the ‘Sat Setting’ or press the ‘F4’
Click the ‘Sat Info Request’ to request the desired satellite’s parameters, then sat
ID 59 satellite’s parameters is updating in ‘Satellite Setting Panel’
Change the ‘LNB Freq’, ‘Symbol’ like below Figure.
Click the ‘OK’ in right side of changed parameters to upload to PCU.
3. Click
1. Change the RX Frequency
2. Change the Symbol Rate
52
Click the ‘SAVE’ to save to PCU.
Click to Save
53
Click the ‘Auto Search’ to search the satellite
Click to Start
the Searching
Then K5 search and track the desired satellite.
54
Appendix B: Error Code Definition
If there is a problem with the antenna, you can check the error code on the ACU
and SCS. Press the ‘MENU’ button on the front panel of the ACU when the error
LED is on. Then, you will see the hexadecimal error code, as shown in Fig B-1
below. Also, you can see the binary error code when press the ‘NEXT’ button and
hold for 3 seconds
Figure B-1 Error Code on ACU
You will also be able to see the hexadecimal error code on the SCS V 1.8.1, as
shown in Figure B-2 below.
55
Error LED
Error Code
Figure B-2 Error Code on SCS
Table C-1 shows the error code definition, but this is a binary code. Thus, you
must convert the hexadecimal code to a binary code to confirm the error.
EX 1) Hexadecimal error code: ‘0X 50 00 00 00’
Convert to binary error code: 0X 01010000 00000000 00000000 00
 15 error of FF(1) means that the satellite information is not acceptable (i.e.
the satellite longitude or current antenna latitude and longitude information
is not acceptable).
 17 error of FF(1) refers to searching fail.
EX 2) The hexadecimal error code: ‘0X 20 00 00 07’
Convert to the binary error code: 0X 00100000 00000000 00000000 07
 Error refers to the 7th error of the DBS tuner error.
 07 means the LNB polarity voltage is not within the LNB polarity range. This
could indicate that the LNB voltage is not switching or that the LNB voltage is
shorted
56
Error Code Define
PCU Version: after K 1.00
Syntax: 0x: FF(1) FF(2) FF(3) FF(4)
0x FF (1) =18171615 14131211b
11: Not used
12: Not used
13: Not used
14 Not used
15: Satellite information is not acceptable (satellite longitude or current
antenna latitude, longitude information)(clear if normal state)
16: DBS tuner error
17: Searching fail
18: Not used
0x FF (2) =18171615 14131211b
11: PCU DSP EEPROM reading or writing error
12: Roll acceleration sensor not in valid range
13: Pitch acceleration sensor not in valid range
14: Roll gyro scope not in valid range
15: Pitch gyro scope not in valid range
16: yaw gyro scope not in valid range
17: Ship Rotate over 50degree during initialization
18: Not used
0x FF (3) =18171615 14131211b
11: Elevation Min Limit Switch error during initialize
12: Skew Max Limit Switch error during initialize
13: Skew Min Limit Switch error during initialize
14: Azimuth Max Limit Switch error during initialize
15: Azimuth Min Limit Switch error during initialize
16: Not used
17: Not used
18: Not used
57
0x FF (4)
0x01: System has restarted
0x02: Not used
0x03: Not used
0x04: Not used.
0x05: Not used
0x06: A tuner I2C bus failure has occurred.
0x07: The LNB polarity voltage is not within the LNB polarity range. This
could indicate that the LNB voltage is not switching or that the LNB
voltage is shorted
0x08: The LNB signal level is below a valid range. Or this could indicate
no LNB connected
Table B-1 Error Code Definition
NOTE: To clear the error by perforce after checking the error, press the ‘NEXT’
button on the ACU.
58
Appendix C: Specifications
Above Deck
Antenna Dish Diameter
Antenna Weight
Minimum EIRP
45cm (18”)
Antenna Dimensions
12Kg
Radome Material
49 dBW
Azimuth Range
Plastic
690°
Quattro/Quad,
Skew Control
Automatic
Ship's Motion
Roll & Pitch ±25°
Tracking Speed
More than 50°/ sec
3-axis
Elevation Angle
+7° to +85°
Platform
GPS
DiSEqC
Humidity
LNB
53cm(H) x 51cm(D))
Yes
Vibration Damper
DiSEqC 1.2
Circular(Option)
N/A
Temperature
-25°C to +55°C
External I/O
RS232C
Up to 100% @ 40°C
Below Deck
ACU Size
Input Power
290 x 160 x 44mm
110/220 VAC
Gyro Compass Input
NMEA
Gross Weight
25Kg
Packing
Size
Packed by
52 x 52 x 67cm
Paper carton
Specifications subject to change without notice
59
Appendix D: Satellite Information
North America
Sat ID
Satellite
Longitude
Satellite Name
Polarity &
LO Band
NID
FEC
FEC
Frequency
Symbol
Mode
Rate
(KHz)
Rate(KHz)
Beam
01
061.5-W
EchoStar3
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,574,000
21,500,000
02
072.5-W
DirecTV 1
RH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,239,000
20,000,000
03
082.0-W
Nimiq 4
RH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,428,000
20,000,000
04
091.0-W
Nimiq 1
RH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,341,000
20,000,000
05
101.0-W
DirecTV1R
RH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,224,000
20,000,000
06
110.0-W
Echo810/Direc 5
RH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,486,000
20,000,000
-
07
119.0-W
Echo7/Direc 7S
RH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,370,000
20,000,000
Conus
08
121.0-W
Echostar9
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,972,000
20,000,000
Ku
09
129.0-W
Ciel2
RH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,457,000
21,500,000
Conus
10
072.0-W
AMC-6
VH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,148,000
2,573,000
Ku
11
101.0-W
AMC4
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,060,000
26,700,000
12
97.0-W
Galaxy19
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,152,000
20,000,000
North America KU
13
89.0-W
Galaxy28
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,787,000
15,915,000
North America KU
14
101.0-W
User 4
RH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,224,000
20,000,000
15
101.0-W
User 5
RH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,224,000
20,000,000
16
101.0-W
User 6
RH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,224,000
20,000,000
17
101.0-W
User 7
RH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,224,000
20,000,000
18
101.0-W
User 8
RH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,224,000
20,000,000
19
101.0-W
User 9
RH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,224,000
20,000,000
20
101.0-W
User 10
RH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,224,000
20,000,000
60
Conus
Canada
North&
Central America
South America
Sat ID
Satellite
Longitude
Satellite Name
Polarity &
LO Band
NID
FEC
FEC
Frequency
Symbol
Mode
Rate
(KHz)
Rate(KHz)
Beam
21
095.0-W
Galaxy3C
LL
0
DSSQ
Auto
11,690,000
20000000
Latin America
22
113.0-W
SatMex6
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,080,000
25,645,000
Ku2
23
058.0-W
Intelsat9
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,160,000
30,000,000
Mexico
24
058.0-W
User 1
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,960,000
30,000,000
Mexico
25
058.0-W
User 2
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,960,000
30,000,000
Mexico
26
058.0-W
User 3
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,960,000
30,000,000
Mexico
27
058.0-W
User 4
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,960,000
30,000,000
Mexico
28
058.0-W
User 5
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,960,000
30,000,000
Mexico
29
058.0-W
User 6
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,960,000
30,000,000
Mexico
30
058.0-W
User 7
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,960,000
30,000,000
Mexico
31
058.0-W
User 8
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,960,000
30,000,000
Mexico
32
058.0-W
User 9
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,960,000
30,000,000
Mexico
33
058.0-W
User 10
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,960,000
30,000,000
Mexico
34
058.0-W
User 11
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,960,000
30,000,000
Mexico
35
058.0-W
User 12
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,960,000
30,000,000
Mexico
36
058.0-W
User 13
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,960,000
30,000,000
Mexico
37
058.0-W
User 14
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,960,000
30,000,000
Mexico
38
058.0-W
User 15
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,960,000
30,000,000
Mexico
39
058.0-W
User 16
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,960,000
30,000,000
Mexico
40
058.0-W
User 17
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,960,000
30,000,000
Mexico
61
Europe
Sat ID
Satellite
Longitude
Satellite Name
Polarity &
LO Band
NID
FEC
FEC
Frequency
Symbol
Mode
Rate
(KHz)
Rate(KHz)
Beam
41
19.2E
Astra1H
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,692,000
22,000,000
1H
42
28.2E
Astra2A
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,836,000
27,500,000
2A North
43
28.2.0E
Astra2B
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,032,000
27,500,000
2B South
44
30.0W
Hispasat 1C
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,931,000
27,500,000
Europe
45
13.0E
Hotbird9
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,654,000
27,500,000
Europe
46
13.0E
Hotbird8
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,015,000
27,500,000
Europe
47
4.8E
SiriuK5
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,919,000
27,500,000
Nordic BSS
48
0.8W
Thor3
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,476,000
28,000,000
49
26.0E
Bard6
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,843,000
27,500,000
BSS
50
7.0W
Nilesat102
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,996,000
27,500,000
Middle East
51
42.0E
Turksat2A
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,015,000
27,500,000
East
52
7.0E
Eutelsat W3A
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,690,000
2,894,00
Europe B
53
15.8E
Eutelsat Seasat1
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,525,000
30,000,00
Fixed
54
10.0E
Eutelsat W2A
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,522,000
2,893,000
Europe
55
39.0E
Hellasat2
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,524,000
30,000,000
F1
56
5.0W
Atlantic Bird 3
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,543,000
27,500,000
Super
57
4.0W
Amos3
HL
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,389,000
27,500,000
Europe H
58
23.5E
Astra2ConL
HL
0
DVBQ
Auto
10,803,000
22,000,000
1E H FSS
59
23.5E
Astra2ConH
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
10,983,600
8,052,000
F2
60
39.0E
Ipcopter
HL
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,514,000
3,000,000
F2
62
Nordic & Central,
Eastern Europe
Asia
Sat ID
Satellite
Longitude
Satellite Name
Polarity &
LO Band
NID
FEC
FEC
Frequency
Symbol
Mode
Rate
(KHz)
Rate(KHz)
Beam
61
116.0E
KOR3
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,747,000
21,300,000
South Korea
62
110.0E
N-Sat 110
LH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,551,000
29,915,000
Japan
63
75.0E
ABS1
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,579,000
22,000,000
South
64
128.0E
JCSAT3A
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,408,000
21,096,000
65
124.0E
JCSAT4A
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,432,000
21,096,000
Japan
66
166.0E
Intelsat8
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,462,000
2,222,000
NE Asia
67
144.0E
Superbird C2
VH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,508,000
21,096,000
Japan
68
95.0E
NSK5
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,647,000
27,500,000
India
69
156.0E
Optus C1
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,689,000
27,800,000
NB
70
160.0E
Optus D1
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,613,000
14,294,000
NB
71
152.0E
Optus D2
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,644,000
22,500,000
NANZ
72
95.0E
NSK5
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,729,000
26,400,00
NE Asia
73
95.0E
NSK5
HL
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,676,000
27,500,000
SE Asia
74
108.2E
NSS11
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,431,000
30,000,000
NE Asia
75
88.0E
ST1
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,642,000
24,000,000
K1
76
78.5E
Thaicom5
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,720,000
30,000,000
Thailand
77
146.0E
ABS5
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,581,000
25,600,000
Ku
78
91.5E
Measat3
HH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,523,000
27,500,000
South Asia
79
105.5E
Asiasat 3S
VH
0
DVBQ
Auto
12,683,000
5,800,000
South Asia
80
132.0E
Vinasat1
Hㅣ
0
DVBQ
Auto
11,090,000
28,125,000
Ku
63
Appendix E: Radome and Antenna Mounting Holes Layout
Figure E-1 K5 Plastic Radome Layout
64
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