tackling congestion in bristol through journey time monitoring

tackling congestion in bristol through journey time monitoring
TACKLING CONGESTION IN BRISTOL THROUGH JOURNEY TIME
MONITORING
A joint presentation by Jackie Davies, Senior Technical Officer (ITS/UTC) Traffic Signals, Bristol City
Council and David Richmond, CEO of Videalert Ltd
Bristol is the tenth largest city in the UK and, situated off the busy M4/M5 corridors, experiences over
600,000 vehicle movements every day. In common with many other cities, congestion was becoming a
major issue and, in May 2012, Major George Ferguson’s manifesto proposed a seven part vision for the city
with a primary focus on ‘getting Bristol moving’.
Bristol City Council had no effective way of monitoring and reporting on traffic conditions, especially
journey times, throughout the day. This meant that accurate journey time predictions could not be
provided via the regional Travel West website and that automated incident detection was not possible. It
also made monitoring the impact of traffic schemes and interventions very difficult.
Therefore the decision was taken to implement a journey time monitoring system. A carefully designed
system would allow the development of an incident detection system for the city centre and main routes,
enabling faster detection and reaction to incidents and changing traffic conditions. It would also facilitate
the development of journey time predictions for the Travel West website and monitoring of the
effectiveness of traffic schemes and interventions. The council also wanted access to journey time, traffic
count and origin-destination data for modelling major future highway schemes across central Bristol.
The council undertook an extensive review process to determine what would be the most appropriate
solution. This included the full range of ANPR, Bluetooth and a myriad of single point solutions, each of
which would require separate systems presenting significant integration challenges. It soon became clear
that ANPR was the preferred solution, mainly due to the need for origin-destination data, which cannot be
provided by any other solutions.
However, lacking the necessary funding to install the system, the traffic signals team sought to bring on
board additional partners to make the project possible. They included:
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The city’s major projects team, which required data for microsimulation modelling
The transport monitoring team, which needed journey time and traffic flow data
The public transport team, which wanted journey time comparisons between park and ride buses
and general traffic.
Avon and Somerset Police and the Safer Bristol Partnership also contributed to the project in return for
receiving real-time VRM data from each of the camera locations that are useful to them. This approach has
enabled budgets to be combined to scale the project up and deliver the effective results needed for all
partners.
Bristol City Council’s solution was to install a network of analogue ANPR cameras that would send back
video feeds via its existing private fibre optic communications network to a centrally located image
processing and data management server with the ability to add digital cameras as required. The tender
prepared by Bristol specified that any new system must have the ability to handle and process video from
125 analogue cameras and generate VRM data for use in a number of key applications:
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Real-time data to UTMC database
Near real-time aggregate data to UTMC
Real-time police ANPR data to BOFII
CSV data to SCOOT/Paramics traffic modelling systems
CSV data to car park operators
Online data access
Videalert’s intelligent digital video platform is a unique solution that provides councils with a more cost
effective solution compared to traditional single point CCTV systems. This innovative multipoint solution
uses standard off-the-shelf equipment and seamlessly integrates with existing CCTV systems and
infrastructure used by local authorities.
According to Duncan Laird, Group Manager – Transportation at Bristol City Council: “We wanted to engage
a single supplier to implement a back-office hardware and software solution that would give us the
flexibility to support multiple traffic management applications and disseminate information to the council,
Avon and Somerset Police and other stakeholders. The Videalert platform is highly scalable, supports our
existing analogue cameras and allows us to progressively migrate to a mixed analogue/digital camera
environment.”
This wireless-based solution can be deployed, without impacting the council’s existing CCTV and IT
infrastructure, offering the flexibility to support a full range of deployment options including wired LAN,
Wi-Fi LAN, 3G-WAN, mobile, attended and unattended as well as analogue and ONVIF compliant digital
megapixel cameras. What is more, the Videalert platform will allow Bristol City Council to adopt a phased
migration from analogue to digital without requiring additional major capital expenditure
The first phase of the project went live in March 2014 when the Videalert platform was integrated with 65
strategically located ANPR and context view cameras at fifteen sites with real-time data transmitted to the
council’s CCTV control room over the B-Net optical fibre network. This initial phase was fully operational
within just eight weeks, due in no small part to the close working partnership that quickly developed with
Videalert’s experienced project management team.
The delivery of real-time VRM data to Bristol’s central Urban Traffic Management Control system assists
with traffic modelling and journey time information. The data collected and analysed by the system
provides essential “intelligence” to optimise the design of transport schemes in central Bristol as well as
modelling the impact that business or retail developments will have on future congestion levels. It will also
provide the Travel West website with real-time mapping updates on congestion hotspots enabling drivers
to avoid unnecessary delays to their journeys. Data delivered to Avon and Somerset Police’s BOFII
database is used for crime prevention initiatives and investigations including the identification and
monitoring of suspect vehicles after leaving the surrounding motorways.
Avon and Somerset Police and the Safer Bristol Partnership have also found the data to be extremely
valuable on a number of anti-crime initiatives including the identification and tracking of vehicles that are
stolen, uninsured, untaxed or likely to have been used in suspected burglaries. In fact there have already
been a number of key arrests as a result of the deployment of this system.
The Videalert platform provides significant cost savings and high levels of future proofing by allowing
additional traffic and data applications to be added as required. It is the only digital video platform that
can run multiple civil traffic enforcement, traffic management, community safety and crime prevention
applications from a single CCTV infrastructure without requiring specific equipment for every point
solution.
What makes the platform different is that it combines ANPR with video analytics enabling additional
intelligence to be used to track moving or stationery vehicles. This supports a wide range of additional
applications including:
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moving traffic offences including bus lanes, banned turns and yellow box junctions
parking offences on school keep clears
continuous video recording outside schools
real-time vehicle data for average journey time monitoring through UTMC
real time vehicle count data
real-time data to identify suspect vehicles through BOFII
automatic car park entry/exit and tolling
With the ever increasing pressure on funding, it is partnership initiatives of this kind that will become more
commonplace to maximise the effectiveness of CCTV infrastructure to reduce costs and make our cities
safer places to live and work.
Videalert Ltd
Evans House
107 Marsh Road
Pinner
Middlesex
HA5 5PA
Tel: 0208 429 6802
Email: drichmond@videalert.com
Website: www.videalert.com
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