DVB PosterBackFinal.xps
Product Catalog
2009: Volume 2
Product Catalog
Video Test and Measurement Solutions
Enabling innovation in the New Digital Age
Solving today's digital video delivery and quality challenges
Digital technology is quickly replacing analog technology at every level in the
video industry, enabling entirely new classes of products and services. This
transformation is fundamentally changing how video content is created, stored,
managed, distributed and enjoyed. The digital video ecosystem is comprised of
companies in the business of creating and distributing content as well as the
designers and manufacturers of professional and consumer electronics. The new
competitive landscape reflects the pace and scope of technology-driven change
and Tektronix continues to provide the most comprehensive range of solutions
across the entire ecosystem.
Content Delivery
Content Consumption
Content Creation
NETWORK
CONVERGENCE
FILE-BASED
STORAGE
R&D/Manufacturing
For our customers and for Tektronix, Innovation never rests...
Our customers are continually striving to
improve business efficiency and competitive
advantage. They require the ability to
quickly embrace new technologies
and positively impact workflow efficiency.
The ability to quickly deploy new services,
maintain QoS and quickly isolate and
correct errors are critical components of
this model. For Tektronix our goal is to stay
ahead of the technology curve and ensure
delivery of test & measurement solutions
to our customers when they need them.
Tektronix solutions enable our customers
to effectively integrate new technologies,
improve workflow efficiency and achieve
business excellence.
Use this Solutions Matrix to see where we can help you.
Signal Monitors
Signal Generators
Automated Content Verification
Compressed Video Monitors
MPEG Generators
MPEG Test & Analysis Software
www.tektronix.com/video
Content
Delivery
Deployment,
Diagnostics &
Maintenance
R&D,
Equipment
Manufacturers
Signal Analyzers
MPEG Analyzers
2
Content Creation
& Post Production
Video Test & Measurement Solutions
2009 Product Catalog
Order Your Free Technology Primers and Posters Online Today
Primer
Primer
A Guide to IPTV
A Guide to Standard and
High-Definition Digital
Video Measurements
The Technologies, the Challenges and How to Test IPTV
A Guide to MPEG Fundamentals
and Protocol Analysis
Next Generation CODECs, HD Video and
Mobile RF Digital Modulation
Surround Sound Monitoring and ANC Data information
Primer
A Guide to Standard and
High-Definition Digital
Video Measurements
A Guide to IPTV
This primer offers a wealth of
information on the technologies
and challenges, along with how
to test IPTV.
This primer offers a wealth of
information on video test and
monitoring. It now includes
surround sound monitoring and
ANC data information.
To order your free copy of this primer visit:
www.tektronix.com/iptv_guide
To order your free copy of this primer visit:
www.tektronix.com/sd_hd_measurements
A Guide to MPEG
Fundamentals
and Protocol Analysis
Understanding HighDefinition Video Poster
This poster provides a graphical
reference to understanding high
definition video.
To order your free copy of this poster visit:
www.tek.com/video/HDposter
This primer is the reference for MPEG
fundamentals and protocol analysis,
including educational information
on next generation CODECs, high
definition video and mobile RF digital
modulation.
To order your free copy of this primer visit:
www.tektronix.com/mpeg_fundamentals
ISDB-TB Brazil
MPEG-2 Transport Stream
Understanding
ISO/IEC 13818-1 International Standard
Science Behind The Technology
Table 2. Luma and chroma video components
Colors and Gamut
The television color specification is based on standards
defined by the CIE (Commission
Internationale de L’Éclairage) in
1931. The CIE specified an
idealized set of primary XYZ
tristimulus values. This set is a
group of all-positive values
converted from R'G'B' where Y
is proportional to the luminance
of the additive mix. This
specification is used as the
basis for color within today's
video standards.
Figure 1
CIE xy Diagram
with color
coordinates used
by NTSC, SMPTE
and EBU Rec. 709
Diamond display
Correct Diamond Display
ABNT NBR, ARIB STB-B10
ISO/IEC 13818-1 Transport Packet
24 bits
Y', R'-Y', B'-Y' commonly used for analog encoding
Format
Y'
1125/60/2:1, 720/60/1:1
525/59.94/2:1, 625/50/2:1, 1250/50/2:1
0.2126 R' + 0.7152 G' + 0.0722 B'
R'-Y'
B'-Y'
0.7874 R' - 0.7152 G' - 0.0722 B'
Syntax
0.299 R' + 0.587 G' + 0.114 B'
1125/60/2:1
(SMPTE 240M)
0.212 R' + 0.701 G' + 0.087 B'
P'b
1920 x 1080 (SMPTE 274M)
1280 x 720 (SMPTE 296M)
525/59.94/2:1, 625/50/2:1, 1250/50/2:1
0.2126 R' + 0.7152 G' + 0.0722 B'
(B'-Y')/1.826
(R'-Y')/1.576
0.299 R' + 0.587 G' + 0.114
[(0.5/(1-0.0722)] (B'-Y')
0.564 (B'-Y')
[0.5/(1-0.2126)] (R'-Y')
0.713(R'-Y')
Format
1920x1080 (SMPTE 274M)
1280x720 (SMPTE 296M)
525/59.94/2:1, 625/50/2:1, 1250/50/2:1
Y'
0.2126 R' + 0.7152 G' + 0.0722 B'
0.299 R' + 0.587 G' + 0.114 B'
C'b
0.5389 (B'-Y') + 350 mV
0.564 (B'-Y') + 350 mV
C'r
0.6350 (R'-Y') + 350 mV
0.713 (R'-Y') + 350 mV
No. of bits
transport_packet() {
sync_byte
transport_error_indicator
payload_unit_start_indicator
transport_priority
PID
transport_scrambling_control
adaptation_field_control
continuity_counter
if(adaption_field_control==’10’ II adaptation_field_control==’11’) {
adaptation_field()
}
if(adaptation_field_control==’01’ II adaptation_field_control==’11’) {
for (i=0;i<N;i++) {
data_byte
}
}
0.701 R' - 0.587 G' - 0.114 B'
-0.2126 R' - 0.7152 G' + 0.9278 B' -0.299 R' - 0.587 G' + 0.886 B'
Y', P'b, P'r analog component
Format
Y'
B'
P'r
Y', C'b, C'r scaled and offset for digital quantization
1
8
16 bits
PES
Packet
Length
Stream
Id
2 bits
2 bits
‘10’
PES
Scrambling
Control
1 bit
PES
Priority
Optional
PES
Header
Syntax
PES Packet Data Bytes
1 bit
1 bit
1 bit
8 bits
Data
Alignment
Indicator
Copyright
Original
or Copy
7 Flags
8 bits
m*8 bits
PES
Header
Data Length
33 bits
33 bits
42 bits
22 bits
8 bits
7 bits
16 bits
PTS
DTS
ESCR
ES
Rate
DSM
Trick
Mode
Additional
Copy Info
Previous
PES
CRC
Optional
Fields
The CIE standardized a procedure for normalizing XYZ tristimulus values to obtain a
two-dimensional plot of values, x and y, of all colors for a relative value of luminance
as specified by the following equations:
Table 3
Table 1. CIE XY Coordinate Values for Various Formats
SMPTE
0.630 0.340
illuminant D65 x = 0.3127
The allowed range for R'G'B' is 0 to 700 mV, while allowed ranges for Y'P'bP'r are luma (Y'), 0 to 700 mV, and color difference (P'b/P'r),
±350 mV.
The Tektronix Diamond display provided on the WFM/WVR Series.
The 0 to 700 mV signal range of a 100% color bars signal falls exactly
within the graticule. The 100% color bars signal is said to be within the
gamut of R'G'B' color space.
2. legal/illegal – A signal is legal if it stays within the gamut appropriate for the format in use. A legal signal does not exceed the voltage limits
specified for the format of any signal channel. An illegal signal is one that is, at some time, outside the limits in one or more channels.
A signal can be legal but still not be valid.
3. valid signal – A video signal where all colors represented lie within the valid color gamut. A valid signal will remain legal when
translated to R'G'B' or other formats. A valid signal is always legal, but a legal signal is not necessarily valid. Signals that
are not valid will be processed without problems in their current format, but may encounter problems when translated
to another format.
RED
xr yr
1. gamut – The range of colors allowed for a video signal. Valid color gamut is defined as all colors represented by all possible combinations of legal values of
an R'G'B' signal. Signals in other formats may represent colors outside valid gamut, but still remain within their legal limits. These signals, when transcoded
to the R'G'B' domain, will fall outside legal R'G'B' limits. This may lead to clipping, crosstalk, or other distortions.
The Tektronix Diamond display is generated by combining R', G', and B' signals. If the video signal is in another format, the
components are converted into R', G', and B'. (R'G'B' can be converted into a valid, legal signal in any format that can handle
100% color bars.) To predictably display all three components, they must lie between 700 mV to 0 V. Picture monitors handle
excursions outside the standard range (gamut) in different ways. For a signal to be in gamut, all signal vectors must lie within the G-B
and G-R diamonds. If a vector extends outside the diamond, it is out of gamut. Errors in green amplitude affect both diamonds equally,
while blue errors affect only the top diamond and red errors affect only the bottom diamond. Using a color bars test signal, timing errors
can be seen as bending of the transitions.
GREEN
xg yg
BLUE
xb yb
RED
GREEN
BLUE
xr yr
xg yg
xb yb
0.640 0.330
illuminant D65 x = 0.3127
PAL/SECAM
RED
xr yr
0.64 0.330
illuminant D65 x = 0.3127
y = Y / (X + Y + Z)
3
4
illuminant A
x = 0.4476
illuminant B
x = 0.3484
illuminant C
x = 0.3101
illuminant D65 x = 0.3127
z = Z / (X + Y + Z)
1=x+y+z
Transport
Packet
Stream
GREEN
xg yg
0.290 0.60
Limits are defined for various video formats that show all possible colors for each
format. Color-coded triangles (yellow for the SMPTE format, blue for
EBU/PAL/SECAM, red for NTSC 1953) in Figure 1 are specified by x, y coordinates
in Table 1.
BLUE
xb yb
0.150 0.060
GREEN
BLUE
xg yg
xb yb
x = 0.3101
Here, the Tektronix Diamond display shows an error only in the
lower display along the R' axis. This indicates an amplitude error
within the red channel. The gain of the red channel should be
adjusted to fall within the graticule. Similarly if only the upper
waveform falls outside the limits along the B' axis, this would
indicate a blue amplitude error.
7
The Tektronix Split Diamond display is a special version of the
Diamond display that separates the upper and lower components
facilitating observation of gamut errors within the black region.
8
The primary colors, red, green and blue,
can be mapped onto a three-dimensional
color cube. All colors can be represented
within the bounds of the R'G'B' color
cube.
The Diamond displays can be used for monitoring both standard
definition and high definition formats. In this example using a high
definition format, the NTSC SMPTE color bars signal is not legal
when converted to R'G'B' color space. The waveform exceeds the
graticules in the black region. This is due to the lower blue bars
exceeding the R'G'B' limits and going below 0 mV.
9
Payload
Header
Payload
Header
8 bits
8 bits
16 bits
7 bits
PES
Private
Data
Packet
Header
Field
Program Packet
Sequence Counter
P-STD
Buffer
PES
Extension
Field Length
Payload
PES
Extension
Field Data
10
8 bits
1 bit
Sync
Byte
Transport
Error
Indicator
1 bit
1 bit
Payload
Unit Start
Indicator
8 bits
13 bits
Transport
Priority
1 bit
Adaptation
Field
Length
Using the equations in Table 2 to convert
the color values from R'G'B' space to
Y'P'b P'r space limits the range of colors.
Only about 25% of all possible signal
values in the Y'P'b P'r domain are used to
present the complete gamut of colors in
the R'G'B' domain. Care must be taken
when translating between formats to
ensure that the dynamic gamut of the
signal is not exceeded.
2 bits
2 bits
Transport
Scrambling
Control
PID
1 bit
1 bit
Random
Access
Indicator
Discontinuity
Indicator
42 bits
8 bits
Continuity
Counter
8 bits
15 bits
Itw
Offset
1 2
bit bits
1 bit
Section
Syntax
Indicator
‘0’
4 bits
33 bits
Splice
type
DTS_next_au
16 bits
Transport
Stream
ID
5 bits
1 bit
8 bits
Current
Next
Indicator
Version
Number
3
bits
16 bits
13 bits
Program
Number
0
12
13
8 bits
Table ID
The Diamond display can be an essential tool for simplifying
camera balancing. When the value of R'=G'=B', this produces
a gray value. A resulting gray scale will therefore produce a
vertical line in both upper and lower diamonds, provided
the signal is aligned correctly. Any deviation can easily
be observed within the Diamond display.
In this case, the camera has a red imbalance that is shown by the
deviation of the lower diamond from the vertical axis toward the red
axis. The camera should be adjusted to correct for this imbalance .
14
The NTSC Arrowhead
display
shows
the
constructed luma and chroma
amplitudes of a 100% color bars
signal. Notice that the 120 IRE alarm
threshold is exceeded by the 100%
color bars. Within NTSC color space a
100% color bars signal is not suitable for
transmission and will saturate the system.
Typically, therefore, 75% bars (such as SMPTE
color bars) are used for NTSC systems. The
Arrowhead display can be used for standard definition
and also for high definition video signals which may
be down-converted to standard definition for broadcast
or distribution.
With the lens of the camera capped, the signal should be black
and the Diamond display should show a dot at the center of the
graticule. In this case, the capping produces a trace along
the red axis in the lower diamond, indicating that the red
channel has a setup error and should be adjusted until
a dot is displayed at the center of the display.
5
Graticule
Center
1st Mark
2nd Mark
WFM7100-HD Signal
12 bits
WFM7100-SD Signal
Aligned
Aligned
2 ns
20 ns
5 ns
WFM601
Aligned
40 ns
40 ns
80 ns
3rd Mark
13.5 ns (1 luma sample)
74 ns (1 luma sample)
160 ns
4th Mark
27 ns (1 chroma sample)
148 ns (1 chroma sample)
N/A
Timing Cross-Hair Positions on Lightning Display.
The WFM and WVR Series provide simple indication of Gamut
errors within the status bar display at the bottom of the instrument
screen. The type of errors can be identified by viewing the video
session display. Lower case and uppercase letters indicate which
gamut limits have been exceeded. For instance the image above
shows the status bar with Luma, RGB and Composite gamut errors
highlighted in red. Viewing the video sessions display shows
Rr--Bb. The uppercase letters “R---B” show the upper limit of
gamut have been exceeded for red and blue and the lowercase
letter “-r---b” shows that the lower gamut limit has been exceeded
for the red and blue channel. In the case of composite and luma
gamut errors upper case “L” and “C” indicate the Luma or
Chroma limit have been exceeded and lower case
letters “l” and “c” indicate the lower limit have been
exceeded. The user can use this information
to make adjustment of the appropriate
component in error.
The
PAL
Arrowhead
display
has
different
graticule
limits due to the
different color space
used. In this case, a PAL
100% color bars signal is within
the 930 mV level of the graticule.
The WFM and WVR Series have a
Set Threshold range of 90 IRE to 135.7
IRE for NTSC and 630 mV to 950 mV for
PAL. Additionally, the WFM and WVR Series
allow for adjustment of setup between 0% and
7.5% to suit the broadcast format. In this case,
the user set a threshold of 840 mV.
3
Syntax
bouquet_association_section() {
table_id
section_syntax_indicator
reserved_future_use
reserved
section_length
bouquet_id
reserved
version_number
current_next_indicator
section_number
last_section number
reserved_future_use
bouquet_descriptors_length
for(i=0;i<N;i++) {
descriptor()
}
reserved_future_use
transport_stream_loop_length
for(i=0;i<N;i++) {
transport_stream_id
original_network_id
reserved_future_use
transport_descriptors_length
for(j=0;j<N;j++) {
descriptor()
}
}
CRC_32
}
3
bits
Syntax
N
Loop
CRC
32
13 bits
Program
Map
PID i
32
bits
5 bits
1 bit
8 bits
8 bits
Version
Number
Current
Next
Indicator
Section
Number
Last
Section
Number
N
CRC
Loop
Descriptors 32
TS PROGRAM MAP SECTION DIAGRAM
2
1 2
bit bits
8 bits
1 bit
Table ID
Section
Syntax
Indicator
‘0’
12 bits
2
bits
16 bits
Section
Length
5 bits
Program
Number
1 bit
Current
Next
Indicator
Version
Number
12 bits
8 bits
Section
Number
3
bits
8 bits
Last
Section
Number
DVB
(Mandatory)
PID=0x0010
(Defined)
PID=0x0000
PAT
N
Loop
Descriptors
Syntax
8
1
1
2
12
16
2
5
1
8
8
4
12
4
12
16
16
4
12
No. of bits
partial_content_announcement_section() {
table_id
section_syntax_indicator
reserved_future_use
reserved
section_length
service_id
reserved
version_number
current_next_indicator
section_number
last_section_number
transport_stream_id
original_network_id
content_id
num_of_content_version
for(i=0;i<num_of_content_version;i++) {
content_version
content_minor_version
version_indicator
reserved_future_use
content_descriptor_length
reserved_future_use
schedule_description_length
for(j=0;j<N;j++) {
start_time
duration
8
1
1
2
12
16
2
5
1
8
8
16
16
32
8
4
5
Table
ID
Section
Syntax
Indicator
1 bit
2
bits
}
}
CRC_32
4
bits
13 bits
PCR
PID
The WFM and WVR Series incorporate a pseudo-composite
waveform mode that digitally recreates the composite signal
waveform from the digital input. This feature allows the operator to
visualize the familiar composite signal.
Private
Indicator
2
bits
Syntax
32
BAT
32
No. of bits
CA_section() {
table_id
section_syntax_indicator
‘0’
reserved
section_length
reserved
version_number
current_next_indicator
section_number
last_section number
for (i=0;i<N;i++) {
descriptor()
PID=0x0001
8
1
1
2
12
18
5
1
8
8
4
bits
SDT
EIT
Actual transport
stream schedule
PID=0x0014
PMT
BIT
PID=0x0012,
0x0026, 0x0027
N
Loop
Descriptors
Private
Section
Length
5 bits
1 bit
8 bits
8 bits
Version
Number
Current
Next
Indicator
Section
Number
Last
Section
Number
32 bits
N
Private
Data
CRC
32
PID
PAT
PMT
CAT
NIT
SDT
BAT
EIT
EIT (terrestrial digital television broadcasting)
RST
TDT
TOT
PCAT
BIT
NBIT
LDT
ST
Null packet
RST
TOT
LDT
No. of bits
PAT *1
Mandatory
Mandatory
CAT *1
PMT *1
Mandatory
Mandatory
NIT (Actual network) *1
Optional
NIT (Other network) *1
SDT (Actual stream)
Mandatory
SDT (Other stream)
Optional
BAT
Optional
EIT (Present and following program
Mandatory
of the actual stream)
EIT (Present and following program
Optional
of the other stream)
EIT (Program within 8 days of the actual stream)
Optional
EIT (Program after 8 days of the actual stream)
Optional
EIT (Program within 8 days of the other stream)
Optional
EIT (Program after 8 days of the other stream)
Optional
*2
TDT
Mandatory
RST
Optional
ST
Optional
*2
TOT
Mandatory
PCAT
Optional
BIT
Optional
NBIT (Board information body)
Optional
NBIT (Reference information to
Optional
gain board information)
LDT
Optional
Selectable range as table_id value set by companies
0x50 - 0x5F
0x50 - 0x5F
0x60 - 0x6F
0x60 - 0x6F
0x70
0x71
0x72
0x73
0xC2
0xC4
0xC5
0xC6
0xC7
0x90 - 0xBF
8
1
1
2
12
16
2
5
1
8
8
16
4
2
2
8
8
Transmission
frequency
Once or more/100m sec.
Once or more/1 sec.
Once or more/100m sec.
Once or more/10 sec.
Once or more/10 sec.
Once or more/2 sec.
Once or more/10 sec.
Once or more/10 sec.
Once or more/2 sec.
Once or more/10 sec.
Once or more/10 sec.
Once or more/30 sec.
Once or more/10 sec.
Once or more/30 sec.
Once or more/30 sec.
Optional
Optional
Once or more/30 sec.
Optional
Once or more/20 sec.
Once or more/20 sec.
1 sec. or more 10 sec.
1 sec. or more 10 sec.
*1: In accordance with the Notification
*2: Transmitting either TDT or TOT is mandatory
Stream_type
Value
Description
0x00
0x01
0x02
0x03
0x04
0x05
0x06
0x07
0x08
0x09
0x0A
0x0B
0x0C
0x0D
0x0E
0x0F
0x10
0x11
0x12
Reserved
Video in accordance with ISO/IEC 11172-2 video
Video in accordance with ITU-T Recommendation H.262
Audio in accordance with ISO/IEC 11172-3
Audio in accordance with ISO/IEC 13818-3
Section
PES packet
MHEG in accordance with ISO/IEC 13522-1
In accordance with ITU-T Recommendation H.222.0 Annex DSM-CC
In accordance with ITU-T Recommendation H.222.1
Type A in accordance with ISO/IEC 13818-6
Type B in accordance with ISO/IEC 13818-6
Type C in accordance with ISO/IEC 13818-6
Type D in accordance with ISO/IEC 13818-6
Auxiliary data in accordance with ITU-T Recommendation H.222.0
Audio with ADTS transport syntax in accordance with ISO/IEC 13818-7
Video in accordance with ISO/IEC 14496-2
Audio in accordance with ISO/IEC 14496-3
SL – packets stream or FlexMux stream transported in the PES packets in
accordance with ISO/IEC 14496-1
SL – packets stream or FlexMux stream transported in sections in accordance
with ISO/IEC 14496-1
Download sync protocol in accordance with ISO/IEC 13818-6
Metadata transported by a PES packet
Metadata transported by a metadata_sections
Metadata transported by data carousel in accordance with ISO/IEC 13818-6
Metadata transported by the objects carousel in accordance withISO/IEC 13818-6
Metadata transported by a synchronized download protocol in accordance with
ISO/IEC 13818-6
IPMP steam in accordance with ISO/IEC 13818-11
Video in accordance with ITU-T Recommendation H.264 and ISO/IEC 14496-10
Reserved
Data pipe
IPMP stream
Private use
0x13
0x14
0x15
0x16
0x17
0x18
0x19
0x1A
0x1B
0x1C- 0x7D
0x7E
0x7F
0x80-0xFF
16
reserved_future_use
4
descriptors_loop_length
For(j=0;j<m;j++) {
descriptor()
}
H.264 Video (a few examples)
12
Profiles
}
CRC_32
}
Excluding PID=0x0000,
0x0001, 0x0014
PID=0x0014
Transmission
level
Table
32
Video
resolution
@ frame rate
Baseline
Main
768 kbit/s
768 kbit/s
960 kbit/s
3
10 Mbit/s
10 Mbit/s
12.5 Mbit/s
[email protected]
4.1
50 Mbit/s
50 Mbit/s
62.5 Mbit/s
High
[email protected]
[email protected]
Levels
1.3
[email protected]
32
TDT
Syntax
TS_program_map_section() {
table_id
section_syntax_indicator
‘0’
reserved
section_length
program_number
reserved
version_number
current_next_indicator
section_number
last_section number
reserved
PCR_PID
reserved
program_info_length
for (i=0;i<N;i++) {
descriptor()
}
for (i=0;i<N;i++) {
stream_type
reserved
elementary_PID
reserved
ES_info_length
for (j=0;j<N2;j++) {
descriptor()
}
}
CRC_32
}
4
12
32
Network Board Information Section (NBIT)
Syntax
NBIT
PID=0x0025
0x0000
Indirect designation by PAT
0x0001
0x0010
0x0011
0x0011
0x0012
0x0012, 0x0026, 0x0027
0x0013
0x0014
0x0014
0x0022
0x0024
0x0025
0x0025
Exclude 0x0000, 0x0001, 0x0014
0x1FFF
Allocation of table_id Values and
Transmission Level
Table_id
0x00
0x01
0x02
0x40
0x41
0x42
0x46
0x4A
0x4E
8
network_board_information_section() {
table_id
section_syntax_indicator
reserved_future_use
reserved
section_length
original_network_id
reserved
version_number
current_next_indicator
section_number
last_section_number
for(i=0;i<n;i++) {
information_id
information_type
description_body_location
reserved_future_use
user_defined
Number_of_keys
for(j=0;j<number_of_keys;j++) {
Key_id
}
PID=0x0025
EIT
Other transport
stream present/
following schedule
PID=0x0013
ST
Time & Date
ES
Info
Length
8
1
1
2
12
16
2
5
1
8
8
3
1
12
PID=0x0024
Other transport
stream
PID=0x0012,
0x0026, 0x0027
EIT
Actual transport
stream
present/following
PID=0x10 to 0x1FFE
8
1
1
2
12
18
5
1
8
8
SDT
Actual transport
stream
PID=0x0012,
0x0026, 0x0027
TSDT
No. of bits
TS_Description_section() {
table_id
section_syntax_indicator
‘0’
reserved
section_length
reserved
version_number
current_next_indicator
section_number
last_section number
for (i=0;i<N;i++) {
descriptor()
}
CRC_32
}
PID=0x0011
PID=0x0011
CAT
PID=0x0002
32
Transport Stream Description
Section (TSDT)
Syntax
No. of bits
broadcaster_information_section() {
table_id
section_syntax_indicator
reserved_future_use
reserved
section_length
original_network_id
reserved
version_number
current_next_indicator
section_number
last_section_number
reserved_future_use
broadcast_view_propriety
first_descriptors_length
for(i=0;i<N1;i++) {
descriptor()
}
for(i = 0;i< N2;i++) {
broadcaster_id
reserved_future_use
broadcaster_descriptors_length
for (K=0;k<N3;k++) {
descriptor()
}
}
CRC_32
}
PID=0x0022
PCAT
PID=0x0011
Transport Stream Program
Map Section (PMT)
12 bits
N Private Data Bytes
16 bits
Table
ID
Extension
The Arrowhead display can be used for both test signals and live
content. In this case, a threshold of 120 IRE has been set and this
signal exceeds valid composite NTSC color space. The level of the
signal should be adjusted to prevent clipping within NTSC
transmission systems.
ISDB-TB
(ABNT NBR,
ARIB STD-B10)
NIT
Other transport
stream
Linked Description Section (LDT)
CRC_32
13 bits
Elementary
PID
12 bits
Table
16
16
2
2
12
4
12
40
24
}
for(j=0;j<N2;j++) {
descriptors()
32
Syntax
N
Loop
3
bits
8 bits
Stream
Type
PRIVATE SECTION DIAGRAM
1 bit
DVB
(Optinal)
PID=0x0010
NIT
Actual transport
stream
32 bits
Program
Info
Length
8 bits
Allocation of PID
Partial Content Announcement Table (PCAT)
No. of bits
Conditional Access Section (CAT)
32
bits
8 bits
Last
Section
Number
Section
Number
16 bits
Program
Number
i
Network
PID
18 bits
Section
Length
‘0’
An NTSC SMPTE color bars signal has been applied to the
Arrowhead display. In this case, the signal is within the limits of the
graticule and will be passed easily through the transmission system.
Note that the display indicates that SMPTE color bars are out of
gamut within R'G'B' color space.
Here the trace is bowing inward from the center in the upper half of the display
indicating a timing error in the P'b channel. The P'b signal is delayed with respect to
the luma signal. The trace intersects the fourth cross-hair and indicates a timing error
of 27 ns. In the lower half of the display, the green-magenta transition crosses the center
crosshair, thus there is no timing error between the luma and P'r signals.
16
1
3
12
Broadcaster Information Section (BIT)
MPEG-2
8
1
1
2
12
16
2
5
1
8
8
1
If the color-difference signal is not coincident with luma, the transitions between
color dots will bend. The amount of this bending represents the relative signal delay
between luma and color-difference signal. The upper half of the display measures the
P'b to Y' timing, while the bottom half measures the P'r to Y' timing. If the transition bends
in toward black, the color-difference signal is delayed with respect to luma. If the transition
bends out toward white, the color difference signal is leading the luma signal.
This example shows
a bowing outward from
the center in the
upper half of the
display. This indicates
a timing error in the
P'b channel where
the P'b signal is leading
the luma signal. The
transition crosses the
fourth cross-hair and
indicates a timing error
of 27 ns. In the lower
half of the display,
the green magenta
transition crosses the
center mark–there is no
timing error between the
luma and P'r signals.
1 2
bit bits
1 bit
Section
Syntax
Indicator
Tektronix developed the Arrowhead display to show out-of-gamut conditions in composite color space, without requiring a composite encoder. The
Arrowhead display plots luma on the vertical axis, with blanking at the lower left corner of the arrow. The magnitude of the chroma subcarrier at each
luma level is plotted on the horizontal axis, with zero subcarrier at the left edge of the arrow. The upper sloping line forms a graticule indicating 100% color
bars total luma + subcarrier amplitudes. The lower sloping graticule indicates luma + subcarrier extending toward sync tip (maximum transmitter power). An
adjustable modulation depth alarm setting offers the capability to warn the operator that the composite signal may be approaching a limit.
Correct Arrowhead Display
Similarly, if only the upper half of the display was in error, then
this would point to a gain error within the P’b channel. Using a
color bars signal, and assuming correct gain and amplitude in the
green-magenta transitions, the Lightning display can be used for
interchannel timing measurement. On the screen there are nine crosshair graticules positioned spanning each green-magenta transition that
can be used for timing measurements.
4
11
The Rainbow pattern generated on the TG700 test signal
generator contains the complete range of high definition
colors. This color range completely fills the graticule of the
Split Diamond display.
The lower half of this Lightning display
shows an error for a standard definition
signal: the traces are not within the graticule
boxes. Specifically, this indicates a P’r
amplitude error requiring adjustment of the P’r
channel gain until each trace fits within the
appropriate box.
3
8
1
1
2
12
16
2
5
1
8
8
4
12
32
13
}
CRC_32
The
Lightning
display is an ideal
tool for performing
tape alignments quickly
and easily. With a standard
color bars signal at either 75%
or 100%, select the appropriate
scale on the waveform monitor and
ensure that all the color components
fall within the boxes.
2
This example shows a luma amplitude error for a High Definition
signal: both the upper and lower traces fall outside the individual
graticules boxes and are stretched vertically. Decrease the
amplitude of the luma signal until each components fits within the
boxes. If the trace was distorted horizontally this would indicate a
Chroma error within the signal.
Bouquet Association
Section (BAT)
No. of bits
selection_information_section() {
table_id
section_syntax_indicator
DVB_reserved_future_use
ISO_reserved
section_length
DVB_reserved_future_use
ISO_reserved
version_number
current_next_indicator
section_number
last_section_number
DVB_reserved_for_future_use
transmission_info_loop_length
for(i=0;i<N;i++) {
descriptor()
}
for(i=0;i<N;i++) {
service_id
DVB_reserved_future_use
running_status
service_loop_length
for(j=0;j<N;j++) {
descriptor()
}
}
CRC_32
}
8
1
1
2
12
16
2
5
1
8
8
16
8
16
6
1
1
3
1
12
32
16
3
13
}
This signal shows an error indicating a green color imbalance. The
signal is offset to the left in both upper and lower diamonds
indicating a green setup error within the black region. Color
correction of the signal is necessary to correct the imbalance.
Selection Information
Section (SIT)
Syntax
No. of bits
service_description_section() {
table_id
section_syntax_indicator
reserved_future_use
reserved
section_length
transport_stream_id
reserved
version_number
current_next_indicator
section_number
last_section_number
original_network_id
reserved_future_use
for(i=0;i<N;i++) {
service_id
reserved_future_use
EIT_schedule_flag
EIT_present_following_flag
running_status
free_CA_mode
descriptors_loop_length
for(j=0;j<N;j++) {
descriptor()
}
}
CRC_32
}
No. of bits
program_association_section() {
table_id
section_syntax_indicator
‘0’
reserved
section_length
transport_stream_id
reserved
version_number
current_next_indicator
section_number
last_section_number
for (j=0;j<N;j++) {
program_number
reserved
if (program_number==‘0’) {
network_PID
}
else {
program_map_PID
}
}
CRC_32
}
Optional
Fields
3 Flags
22 bits
Piecewise
Rate
CONDITIONAL ACCESS SECTION DIAGRAM
This signal has a significant blue imbalance and falls outside the
upper diamond graticule. Note that the trace is offset to the right in
the upper diamond. The blue imbalance is caused by an offset in the
black level of the blue channel and should be color corrected.
Syntax
Program Association Section (PAT)
Stuffing
Bytes
3 bits
Adaptation
Field Extension
Length
2 bits
2
bits
12 bits
Section
Length
Arrowhead Display
Correct Lightning display
This signal has a significant red imbalance and falls outside the lower
diamond graticule. Note also that the trace is offset to the right in the
lower diamond. The red imbalance is caused by an offset in the
black level of the red channel and should be color corrected.
4
12
0x4F
Adaptation
Field
Optional
Fields
5 Flags
Transport
Private
Data
1 bit
Itw_valid
Flag
*Available only on WFM/WVR 6020 and 7020 Series
The Diamond and Split Diamond displays can be used for
both live signals and test signals and provide unsurpassed
ability to simplify R'G'B' gamut monitoring. In this signal,
there is a minor violation along the upper G' axis.
The operator can decide if this condition is
acceptable for their requirements. With the
WFM and WVR Series, the user can select
gamut threshold limits appropriate for their
production standards.
8
1
1
2
12
16
2
5
1
8
8
4
12
16
16
4
12
32
4 bits
Adaptation
Field
Control
5 bits
Elementary
Stream Priority
Indicator
8 bits
Transport
Private Data
Length
Splice
Countdown
OPCR
PROGRAM ASSOCIATION SECTION DIAGRAM
8 bits
Table ID
Lightning display*
Tektronix developed the Lightning display to provide both amplitude and interchannel timing
information for the three channels of a component signal – within a single display. This unique
display requires only a single test signal, standard color bars, to make definitive measurements.
Plotting luma versus P'b in the upper half of the screen and inverted luma versus P'r in the lower half –
like two vector displays sharing the same screen – generates the Lightning display. The bright dot at the
center of the screen is blanking (zero signal level). Increasing luma is plotted upward in the upper half of
the screen and downward in the lower half.
1
No. of bits
network_information_section() {
table_id
section_syntax_indicator
reserved_future_use
reserved
section_length
network_id
reserved
version_number
current_next_indicator
section_number
last_section number
reserved_future_use
network_descriptors_length
for(i=0;i<N;i++) {
descriptor()
}
reserved_future_use
transport_stream_loop_length
for(i=0;i<N;i++) {
transport_stream_id
original_network_id
reserved_future_use
transport_descriptors_length
for(j=0;j<N;j++) {
descriptor()
}
}
CRC_32
}
}
Syntax
of red, green, and blue in equal quantities. The CIE defined several standard
sources in 1931 as shown in Table 3.
• Source A: A tungsten filament lamp with a color temperature of 2854K
• Source B: A model of noon sunlight with a color temperature of 4800K
• Source C: A model of average daylight with a color temperature of 6504K
Illuminant C (Source C) was used in the original definition of NTSC. The CIE later
defined a series of daylight illuminants, called the Daylight D series. Illuminant D65
with a color temperature of 6504K, and slightly different x, y coordinates, is
predominately used today.
y = 0.3162
PCR
The color bars signal exceeds both the upper and lower diamonds
along the G' axis. Therefore there is an amplitude error within the
green channel and the signal gain should be corrected so that the
waveform falls within the graticule. Note that the B' and R'
components fall within the graticule and are therefore within correct
limits.
Header
White: The white point of the system within each format is defined by the addition
RED
xr yr
illuminant C
5
42 bits
6
128 bits
188 bytes
y = 0.4075
y = 0.3516
y = 0.3162
y = 0.3290
Optional
Fields
0.300 0.600 0.150 0.060
y = 0.3290
y = 0.3290
NTSC
(1953)
0.670 0.330 0.210 0.710 0.140 0.080
2
TRANSPORT STREAM SYNTAX DIAGRAM
x = X / (X + Y + Z)
0.310 0.595 0.155 0.070
y = 0.3290
EBU
Rec 709
Stuffing
Bytes
(0xFF)
PES
Extension
5 Flags
Definitions
Service Description
Section (SDT)
Network Information
Section (NIT)
PES PACKET SYNTAX DIAGRAM
8 bits
Packet
Start Code
Prefix
8
1
1
1
13
2
2
4
}
No. of bits
8
1
1
2
12
16
2
5
1
8
8
3
13
4
12
8
3
13
4
12
32
Private Section
Syntax
No. of bits
private_section() {
table_id
8
section_syntax_indicator
1
private_indicator
1
reserved
2
private_section_length
12
if(section_syntax_indicator==‘0’) {
for(i=0; i<N; i++) {
private_data_byte
8
}
}
else {
table_id_extension
16
reserved
2
version_number
5
current_next_indicator
1
section_number
8
last_section_number
8
for (i=0;i<private_section_length-9;i++) {
private_data_byte
8
CRC_32
32
}
}
Time Offset Section (TOT)
Syntax
Event Information Section (EIT)
No. of bits
time_offset_section() {
table_id
section_syntax_indicator
reserved_future_use
reserved
section_length
UTC-3_time
reserved
descriptors_loop_length
for(i=0;i<N;i++) {
descriptor()
}
CRC_32
}
Syntax
8
1
1
2
12
40
4
12
32
Time and Date Section (TDT)
Syntax
time_date_section() {
table_id
section_syntax_indicator
reserved_future_use
reserved
section_length
UTC-3_time
}
No. of bits
8
1
1
2
12
40
Running Status Section (RST)
Stuffing Section (ST)
No. of bits
event_information_section() {
table_id
section_syntax_indicator
reserved_future_use
reserved
section_length
service_id
reserved
version_number
current_next_indicator
section_number
last_section_number
transport_stream_id
original_network_id
segment_last_section_number
last_table_id
for(i=0;i<N;i++) {
event_id
start_time
duration
running_status
free_CA_mode
descriptors_loop_length
for(j=0;j<N;j++) {
descriptor()
}
}
CRC_32
}
8
1
1
2
12
16
2
5
1
8
8
16
16
8
8
16
40
24
3
1
12
32
Syntax
No. of bits
stuffing_section() {
table_id
section_syntax_indicator
reserved_future_use
reserved
section_length
for(i=0;i<N;i++) {
data_byte
}
}
8
1
1
2
12
8
Discontinuity Information
Section (DIT)
Syntax
discontinuity_information_section() {
table_id
section_syntax_indicator
reserved_future_use
reserved
section_length
transition_flag
reserved_future_use
}
Syntax
running_status_section() {
table_id
section_syntax_indicator
reserved_future_use
reserved
section_length
for(i=0;i<N;i++) {
transport_stream_id
original_network_id
service_id
event_id
reserved_future_use
running_status
}
}
No. of bits
8
1
1
2
12
16
16
16
16
5
3
linked_description_section() {
table_id
section_syntax_indicator
reserved_future_use
reserved
section_length
original_service_id
reserved
version_number
current_next_indicator
section_number
last_section_number
transport_stream_id
original_network_id
for(i=0;i<n;i++) {
description_id
reserved_future_use
descriptors_loop_length
for(j=0;j<m;j++) {
descriptor()
}
}
CRC_32
}
No. of bits
8
1
1
2
12
1
7
No. of bits
8
1
1
2
12
16
2
5
1
8
8
16
16
Fale com a Tektronix sobre soluções
de testes e monitoração MPEG para
design de infra-estruturas, avaliação
16
12
12
e monitoração de redes. A seção
32
colaboração com o Inatel.
ISDB-TB foi desenvolvida em
Tektronix - Resolvendo os desafios
atuais de entrega e qualidade do
vídeo digital.
www.tektronix.com
www.tektronix.com/video
Understanding Color and
Gamut Poster
This poster provides a quick graphical
reference to understanding gamut and
how to correct gamut problems within
the video signal.
To order your free copy of this poster visit:
www.tek.com/video/CGposter
ATSC Standard Poster
This poster provides a reference
to the Advanced Television System
Committee (ATSC) A/65 standard and
MPEG-2 transport stream - ISO/IEC
13818-1 International Standard.
To order your free copy of this poster visit:
www.tek.com/video/MPEGposter
DVB (Digital Video
Broadcasting) Standard
Poster
This poster provides a reference to the
DVB standard. Service Information (SI)
in DVB systems and MPEG 2
Transport stream - ISO/IEC 13818
International Standard.
ISDB-Tb Poster
This poster provides a reference to
the DVB, ARIB and ISDB-Tb ABNT
NBR service information tables.
To order your free copy of this poster visit:
www.tektronix.com/MPEGposter
To order your free copy of this poster visit:
www.tek.com/video/MPEGposter
www.tektronix.com/video
3
Compressed Video Monitors
2009 Product Catalog
RF Monitoring Features and Benefits
Monitor key measurements according to DVB
standard with real-time monitoring of key TR
101 290 parameters
Embedded real time operating system
provides a high-reliability system for
unattended 24x7 operation
User-defined template monitoring option to
ensure right content at the right place at the
right time
Confidence monitoring at the RF layer with
optional QPSK, QAM, COFDM, 8VSB, Turbo
8PSK, DVB-S2 and QAM-B interfaces
RF diagnostic mode enables measurements
on signals where lock cannot be achieved
MTM400A Transport
Stream Monitor
The MTM400A Transport Stream Monitor is a
scalable solution that detects Digital TV system
degradation, and enables operators to easily
perform diagnostics and rapidly pinpoint problems,
ensuring an error-free network and minimal
downtime.
FlexVuPlus™ is a new browser enabled, user
definable interface that is powerful, personal and
enables improved productivity. Up to four panels
can be displayed in the UI window and can be
sized and repositioned based on operational needs.
FlexVuPlus provides a user definable “button strip,”
“historical views,” and “short-cuts” that intuitively
guide a user to key areas of interest to accelerate
video delivery fault root cause analysis. Thumbnail
displays with performance indicators show overall
program status in addition to video PID status.
Applications
Terrestrial distribution
Contribution and primary distribution
Cable headend monitoring
DTH or network operator satellite
uplink monitoring
Critical RF Measurements, MER, and EVM
provide early indication of signal degradation
before any picture impairment is visible to the
end customer, without additional costly RF
test equipment
By monitoring the quality of the broadcast video at
any network access point, from the core of the IP
network to the RF edge, broadcasters and network
operators can improve network performance and
deliver superior quality of service to customers.
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/MTM400A
RFM300 ATSC
DTV Monitor
The RFM300 provides a complete solution for realtime DTV monitoring. The comprehensive RF and
PSIP confidence-monitoring capability provides a
powerful and cost-effective solution for monitoring
DTV transmitter sites along with contribution and
distribution feeds at local and national operation
centers for FCC compliance.
Applications
Monitoring DTV transmitter sites along with
off-air monitoring, as well as contribution and
distribution monitoring at local and national
operation centers and head-ends
Features and Benefits
Comprehensive confidence monitoring at the
8VSB modulated layer. This includes monitoring
of the symbol distribution waterfall chart and
MER, BER and SNR measurements for
continuous monitoring of signal quality.
PSIP analysis and repetition-rate graphing allows
broadcasters to determine whether the system
information is present and correct in the transport
stream, ensuring FCC compliance
Video over IP and IPTV Applications
Detect errors that impact viewer's video quality
according to ATSC A/78, including Closed
Captioning (CC) and Regional Ratings Table (RRT)
Combine with the Opt. TSCL (DVB/ATSC/ARIB
TS Compliance Analyzer Software) for off-line
analysis of recorded TS files to 192 Mb
Multilayer, multi-channel, remote monitoring and
measurements at the RF, and MPEG transport
stream layers, to ATSC A/65 standards
Service logging supports verification of servicelevel agreements to ensure that all contractual
obligations are met
Unique dual-level alarming and seven-day trend
information proactively identifies impending
problems before they become visible to the
viewer without additional costly RF test equipment
Video and Audio backhaul for content
checking and verification allows a broadcaster
to view transmitted content in the native,
uncompressed format
Unique learning capability creates a true “monitor
by exception” mode of operation. This reduces
operational expenditure by eliminating noncustomer-impacting alarms to focus resources
only on critical activities.
FlexVuPlus™ uniquely empowers operations staff
with the simplest information necessary to prove
their service is delivering above their defined
thresholds for FCC compliance
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/rfm300
4
www.tektronix.com/video
Compressed Video Monitors & Video Service Assurance Manger
2009 Product Catalog
IPM400A IP Video Monitor
The IPM400A helps video network operators
efficiently deliver superior quality of service (QoS)
levels by providing an intuitive and simplified
representation of video quality and diagnostic
information. Simultaneously verify IP and TS
integrity on all IP Video sessions on a GbE link,
for monitoring networks which carry either single
program, or multi-program transport streams.
Applications
Diagnostic monitoring of IP Video contribution
and primary distribution (Cable head-end
monitoring, Terrestrial distribution and DTH or
network operator satellite uplink monitoring)
IPTV ingest and head-end monitoring
Features and Benefits
Ensure IP and TS integrity for all services on a
GbE link by monitoring up to 500 IP sessions
including all essential parameters, such as
continuity count, sync byte, packet inter-arrival
time (PIT) and MDI
Analyze program utilization over time to
determine if overwhelmed routers are
dropping packets
In-depth analysis of transport stream, syntax,
timing and content to support root-cause analysis
of system errors with comprehensive TR 101
290 Priority 1, 2 & 3 MPEG measurements
Filter and display only errors that require
immediate attention from the SCTE-142
five distinct levels of importance
Analyze and diagnose "splice" advertising
and other local content from SCTE 35 DPI
monitoring
Feed back actual content to a central monitoring
point to see and hear the actual content being
broadcast with the Video/Audio backhaul
Provide early visibility of problems to
predetermined, key individuals, supporting
quicker corrective action with the simultaneous
connection of multiple remote users and network
management systems (NMS)
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/ipm400
VQNet
The VQNet video service assurance manager is
an Element Management System for Tektronix
RF, TS and IP Video QoS probes to alert, locate
and diagnose video network problems. It provides
alarms, logs, trending and reporting of key
performance metrics from a system of distributed
probes. It identifies services impacted and enables
engineers to drill down for rapid root-cause analysis
of video service delivery issues.
Applications
Network-wide diagnostics for video/network
operations centers and head-end operations
teams responsible for video delivery through
their networks
Cable, Telco, Terrestrial and Satellite video
delivery networks required to maintain quality
of service and ensure signal integrity, reducing
subscriber dissatisfaction and protect subscriber
and advertiser revenues
Features and Benefits
Identify and resolve real-time video network
errors with facility and network-wide views, and
view thumbnails or backhaul video content from
any probe within the network
Identify the location and root cause of underlying
systemic service delivery problems across a
head-end network with statistical logging, report
generation and trending analysis
Provides an integrated network view of multiple
network elements into Network Management
Systems and to existing DataMiner Network
Management Systems (including encoders,
multiplexers, routers, STB’s etc) enables
Install, configure and maintain your own
monitoring system with automatic discovery
of probe availability, configuration and
diagnostic capabilities
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/vqnet
www.tektronix.com/video
5
MPEG Generators
2009 Product Catalog
Features and Benefits
Rapid setup using automatic detection of
parameters from the broadcast stream, to
modulate the RF output accordingly
The RTX100B can be used as a simple ISDB-T
modulator as it can modulate the stream from
ASI directly without the need to store the stream
Real-time Updating of Timestamps, Time
Tables, and ISDB-T Reed Solomon FEC for
Error-free Looping
IEEE1394b, USB2.0, and GbE interface
download of Transport Streams for optimum
flexibility in storing and managing Transport
Stream Libraries
MTX100B MPEG Recorder
and Player
The MTX100B MPEG Recorder and Player reduces
product development expense and time-to-market
by offering a flexible, portable, player and recorder
for quick design verification, standards compliance
and determination of operating margins. The
new real time/deferred time transport stream
analyses, together with the IP generation, bring
the power of lab evaluation to the field in a small,
portable package.
Applications
IRD/STB design and manufacturing test
Evaluation of professional MPEG and
MPEG/IP equipment
Performance verification of MPEG and
MPEG/IP systems
Portable, field analysis tool for system
installation, commissioning and debug of
MPEG and MPEG/IP transmission systems
Combine with the MTM400A for triggered
recording of live streams up to 100 GB.
Features and Benefits
High capacity storage and high data rate
recording and playout of MPEG transport
streams lets you build, maintain and use
your own local library of test streams
A new Tclips test stream library is provided
which includes over 300 video and 50 audio
test Transport Streams. Encoded as H.264 and
MPEG-2, HD and SD, these streams provide a
source of reference material that can be used to
test decoders in video equipment. Combined
with the Multiplexer option, reference test
streams can be created and manipulated to
include DVB and ATSC Service Information.
Add option MX to create deferred time
multiplexed Transport Streams for generating
known good test streams or streams with
known repeatable errors for compliance
and stress testing
Real-time updating of timestamps and time
tables for error-free looping
6
www.tektronix.com/video
PCR jitter insertion to help you fully stress
your product or system design
New IP layer packet jitter and packet error
insertion combined with continuous time
stamping for seamless looping provide
a repeatable source of errored and nonerrored IP streams to stress test network
or consumer equipment
ASI, SMPTE310M and Ethernet/IP
interface options
Add software options to provide TS analysis,
PES and buffer analysis, elementary stream
analysis, and data broadcast analysis and
generation
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/mtx100b
www.tektronix.com/video5
RTX100B ISDB-T and
ISDB-Tb RF Signal
Generator
The RTX100B ISDB-T RF Signal Generator offers
a flexible, affordable solution for design evaluation
and conformance testing of digital video products
conforming to the Integrated Service Digital
Broadcasting- Terrestrial (ISDB-T and ISDB-Tb)
standard for digital terrestrial TV systems. The
RTX100B provides the capability to record and play
out MPEG-2 transport streams, and modulate the
up converted RF signal.
Applications
ISDB-T and ISDB-Tb consumer receiver design
and manufacturing test
Evaluation of professional ISDB-T and
ISDB-Tb equipment
Performance verification of ISDB-T and
ISDB-Tb systems
Simulation of digital terrestrial broadcasting
transmission
Scheduling of stream playout and recording for
broadcast and production line applications
IP layer packet jitter and packet error insertion
combined with continuous time stamping for
seamless looping provide a repeatable source
of errored and non-errored IP streams to stress
test network or consumer equipment
Add option MX to create deferred time
multiplexed Transport Streams for generating
known good test streams or streams with known
repeatable errors for compliance and stress testing
Add software options to provide TS analysis,
PES and buffer analysis, elementary stream
analysis, and data broadcast analysis and
generation
The Test Stream Library includes over 300
video and 50 audio test Transport Streams.
Encoded as H.264 and MPEG-2, HD and SD,
these streams provide a source of reference
material that can be used to test decoders in
video equipment. Combined with the Multiplexer
option, reference test streams can be created
and manipulated to include DVB and ATSC
Service Information.
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/rtx100b
MPEG Generators
2009 Product Catalog
Applications
Headend in a Box for in house test systems
QAM and VSB Consumer Receiver Design
and Manufacturing Test
Performance Verification of QAM and
VSB Systems
Simulation of Digital Terrestrial and Cable
Broadcasting Transmission
Scheduling of Stream Play Out and Recording
for Production Line Applications
Combine with the MTS4EA and PQA500
for STB Picture Quality Analysis
Combine with the Test Pattern Matrix and
VM6000 for STB Analog Video Analysis
Features and Benefits
RTX130B MPEG RF and
IP Signal Generator
Optimized for ease-of-use, the RTX130B is a
portable, flexible, feature-rich, MPEG stream
recorder and player with RF modulated output
and IP stream generation. The RTX130B conforms
to DVB-C / QAM ITU-T J.83 standards, Annex
A (DVB-C), B, C and ATSC VSB specifications.
The RTX130B is the optimum tool for design and
evaluation of consumer QAM & VSB equipment,
such as set-top boxes and integrated televisions,
devices requiring both IP/Ethernet and directly
modulated RF inputs.
The integrated MPEG Generator, upconverter
and RF modulator let you evaluate your product
at both the IF and RF levels
IP layer packet jitter and packet error insertion
combined with continuous time stamping for
seamless looping provide a repeatable source
of errored and non-errored IP streams to stress
test network or consumer equipment
A new Tclips test stream library is provided
which includes over 300 video and 50 audio
test Transport Streams. Encoded as H.264 and
MPEG-2, HD and SD, these streams provide
a source of reference material that can be used
to test decoders in video equipment. Combined
with the Multiplexer option, reference test
streams can be created and manipulated to
include DVB and ATSC Service Information.
Continuous, error free transport stream looping
enables long duration play out, and PCR jitter
insertion can help to stress product designs
Add option MX to create deferred time
multiplexed Transport Streams for generating
known good test streams or streams with
known repeatable errors for compliance and
stress testing
Add software options to provide TS analysis,
PES and buffer analysis, elementary stream
analysis, and data broadcast analysis and
generation
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/rtx130b
High capacity storage and high data rate
recording and playout of MPEG transport
streams lets you build, maintain and use your
own local library of test streams
www.tektronix.com/video
7
MPEG Analyzers
2009 Product Catalog
Applications
MTS430 Solution for Equipment Manufacturers Research & Development
CaptureVu™ technology allows rapid isolation
and debugging of equipment and system faults
High performance line rate Gigabit Ethernet
(GbE) IP connectivity and integrated cross
layer MPEG/IP analysis enable diagnosis of
complex timing problems in video over IP
and IPTV network equipment
Combination of Tclips test streams plus
Multiplexer/Re-Multiplexer allows flexible test
stream creation and modification
Rapid and in-depth analysis of selected elements
of transport streams to confirm functionality and
compliance to standards
Set Top Box buffer testing and verification
MTS400 Series MPEG
Test System
The MTS400 Test System offers significant
enhancements over traditional MPEG analyzers,
and operates both in real-time (live streams) and
deferred-time (stored streams). The combination
of real-time error capture, an innovative high-speed
analysis engine, a wide range of interfaces, and
built-in intelligence, allows ultra-fast pinpointing
and debugging of intermittent faults in broadcast
equipment.
A comprehensive suite of analysis tools include
Transport Stream (TS) Compliance Analyzer,
Buffer, PES, compressed video and audio
elementary stream analyzers, together with
TS Editor, Multiplexer, and Data Broadcast
applications for stream creation, analysis, and
error-injection. Available as stand alone software,
as well as with the MTS400 Series hardware
instruments, these applications provide the test
tools required in development of next generation
consumer equipment and software products for
the broadcast industry.
Elementary stream analysis option for codec
design and optimization
MTS415 Solution for Broadcasters and
Network Operators
RF and IP Connectivity and analysis provide
single box solution for broadcast system
troubleshooting
Integrated cross layer MPEG/IP fault analysis
and logging for network fault diagnosis reduces
time to insight when troubleshooting and
removes the need for additional IP or RF
specific diagnostic equipment
CaptureVu™ technology allows isolation of
intermittent network problems that other
analyzers would not be capable of isolating
Tests contribution feeds or encoder outputs,
multiplexer inputs / outputs, headend
modulators and IP encapsulators
Tests PCR insertion, recovery, and
re-generation equipment
Encoder fault diagnosis and evaluation
Analysis of transport streams to confirm correct
system operation and isolate faults during
installation and commissioning
Features and Benefits
Industry’s fastest analysis engine enables
reduced time to insight, rapid development,
evaluation, deployment and diagnostics of next
generation DTV and IPTV systems and services
A wide range of DTV standards are supported,
including MPEG, DVB, ATSC, ISDB, and ISDBTb (Brazil). Specific SI for Terrestrial, Cable,
and Satellite, plus regional variations of these
standards are also supported
Range of interfaces and analysis capabilities
provide the necessary connectivity to diagnose
problems anywhere in the network environment,
whether that be transmission links (RF or IP
layer) or content processing (TS layer)
Connect to both IP version 4 and 6 networks,
including those using IGMP and MLD multicast
protocols respectively
Analyze both constant and variable bit rate
streams (CBR and VBR*1)
Integrated cross layer MPEG/IP fault analysis
and logging provides one box solution for
fault diagnosis, reducing time to insight when
troubleshooting
Playout functionality provides stimulus with
parametric capabilities and IP multi session
replication to characterize behavior of network
or device under test
CaptureVu™ technology captures and analyzes
system events in real time and deferred time to
debug the intermittent and complex problems
that traditional analyzers miss
Innovative program centric user interface brings
expert power to the novice user
H.264 Buffer Analysis, Multiplexing and ES
Compliance Checking provide the most
powerful suite of tools for creation and analysis
of Transport Streams containing H.264 content
Both Buffer Analysis and Multiplexing are
now available for MPEG-4 AAC, a mandatory
ISDB-Tb audio CODEC. These compliment the
existing MPEG-4 AAC ES Compliance Checking
Customizable scripting supports the broadest
range of ratified and evolving World-Wide DTV
standards
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/mts400
*1
8
Some timing related measurements are not possible with VBR streams
www.tektronix.com/video
MPEG Analyzers
2009 Product Catalog
Applications
An integrated display eliminates the cost
and inconvenience of additional computer
display equipment
Integrated cross layer fault analysis and logging
for network fault diagnosis reduces time to
insight when troubleshooting and removes
the need for additional IP specific diagnostic
equipment
Provides the flexibility of 10, 100, 1000 Base-T
and optical IP interfaces, plus traditional ASI,
SMPTE310M and LVDS interfaces, for engineers
requiring multiple physical interface connectivity.
This provides a one box solution, thereby
reducing capital expenditure
Tests contribution feeds or encoder outputs,
multiplexer inputs/outputs, head-end
modulators, and IP encapsulators
Tests PCR insertion, recovery, and regeneration
equipment
MTS400P Portable MPEG
Analyzer
The MTS400P is targeted at field based engineers
as a cost-effective analyzer for installing,
commissioning and maintaining MPEG video
networks, particularly those carrying IPTV and
IP video based services.
Features and Benefits
Analysis of transport streams to confirm correct
system operation and isolate faults during
installation and commissioning
Provides a seamlessly integrated view of
network and MPEG information that allows an
engineer to rapidly identify the root cause of
underlying service problems, thereby reducing
engineering operational expenditure
The unique CaptureVu debug feature helps
even non-MPEG experts to quickly diagnose
complex problems, therefore saving time and
associated costs
The offline TS analysis tool option allows diagnosis of common QoS problems, such as signaling
errors during a Service Information version
change, that are not possible in real-time. A
faster diagnosis will help to reduce subscription
refunds and ultimately customer churn
Flexibility of all the MTS430 software tools plus
the Player as individual options
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/mts400p
www.tektronix.com/video
9
MPEG Test & Analysis Software
2009 Product Catalog
Tclips
Tclips is a range of MPEG-2 Transport Streams
designed to test receivers across a broad range of
video and audio formats.
Applications
Development and verification of receivers such
as Set Top Boxes, Integrated Digital TVs (iDTV),
and Personal Computers
Use with the Multiplexer to produce a library of
regression test streams
Features and Benefits
Broad range of MPEG-2 transport streams
designed to test receivers across a broad range
of video and audio formats
Contains compliant service information (SI)
conforming to the MPEG, DVB, and ATSC
standards
Standard and high-definition video encoded with
both MPEG-2 and H.264/AVC
Broad range of video resolutions, aspect ratios,
frame rates, profile and levels, and bit rates
Test patterns for verifying luminance and
chrominance amplitudes, chrominance phase,
and frequency response
MPEG-1 and AC-3 encoded audio content
using stereo and 5.1 channels
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/tclips
MTS4SA PC based MPEG
Analysis
The MTS4SA can be purchased as a bundle or
as individual software tools to run on stand alone
PCs running Microsoft Windows. This provides a
flexible and cost-effective way to purchase only
those tools required for the job. These tools
operate on file-based streams. A real-time version
of the Transport Stream analyzer (TSCA) is also
available for analyzing streams received through
the PC's Ethernet (IP) interface.
Applications
Equipment Manufacturers - Research
& Development
Multiplexer/Re-Multiplexer allows test stream
creation and modification for transmissions not
yet on-air. Create custom streams for Set Top
Box and Multiplexer testing offline.
In-depth analysis of selected elements of
transport streams to confirm functionality
and compliance to standards
Set Top Box buffer testing and verification
Codec design and optimization
Broadcasters and Network Operators
Encoder and other equipment fault diagnosis
and evaluation
Analysis of transport streams to confirm correct
system operation and isolate faults during
installation and commissioning
Summary of MTS4SA Options
Transport Stream Compliance Analyzer (TSCA)
The TSCA enables monitoring and interpretation
of the contents of real-time or previously recorded
or synthesized transport streams using the latest
ATSC, DVB, ISDB-S, ISDB-T, ISDB-Tb and MPEG
standards. The analyzer is optimized to quickly
locate and identify problems within a transport
stream with minimum intervention. The TSCR
is a real-time version of the TSCA analyzer
operating on Transport Streams received through
the PC's Ethernet port. The real-time analysis also
includes Cross Layer time-correlated IP and TS
measurements, alarms and error logging together
with stream recording.
Multiplexer
Use the Multiplexer/Re-multiplexer/De-multiplexer
application to create and modify multi-program
Transport Streams with custom SI/PSI/PSIP
information for DVB, ATSC, ISDB, and MPEG
compliant Transport Streams. Video and audio
Elementary Streams may also be multiplexed into
a Transport Stream.
T-STD Buffer Analyzer
Determines adherence to the buffer model used by
the receiver which is signaled within the Elementary
Stream itself. The T-STD method is based upon the
DTS values within the PES header and can be used
for any contained CODEC type. Additionally, certain
video CODECs such as MPEG-2 and H.264/AVC
may signal buffer parameters within the ES. The
Buffer Analyzer verifies conformance of a stream
to the T-STD model. (Refer to the MTS4EA for
verification of the H.264/AVC HRD method).
Packetized Elementary Stream (PES) Analyzer
The PES Analyzer analyzes the header associated
with each PES packet, as it contains the decode
and presentation timestamps (DTS and PTS) for
the contained Elementary Stream. Additionally it
can verify conformance of the PES header contents
to the MPEG, DVB and ATSC standards.
MPEG-2 Elementary Stream (ES) Analyzer
Analyzes and views the moving picture from
within a PES stream and carry out a whole range
of sophisticated tests on the lower layers of an
elementary stream within a Transport Stream. In
addition, it both analyses and displays a range of
extended media formats, including ATSC Closed
Captions, DVB Subtitles and Teletext associated
with video Elementary Streams.
Carousel Analyzer
Analyses carousels compliant with MPEG-2
DSM-CC, DVB (including MHP), DTT (MHEG-5)
or ARIB standards.
Carousel Generator
Creates object carousel contents within an output
Transport Stream conforming to the MPEG-2, DVB,
DTT (MHEG-5) or MHP standards.
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/mts4sa
10 www.tektronix.com/video
MPEG Test & Analysis Software
2009 Product Catalog
MTS4EA Next Generation Compressed Video
Elementary Stream Analyzer
MTS4EA Elementary Stream Analyzer is a powerful PC-based software package for the deferred time
analysis of encoded audio and video elementary streams. Supported video standards include H.264/AVC,
VC-1, MPEG-2 , MPEG-4 part 2 and H.263. Supported audio standards include MPEG-2 audio, AAC
and AC-3.
Applications
Elementary Stream Editing
Equipment Manufacturers
Extraction of Elementary Stream from
Transport Stream
Semiconductor device designers
& manufacturers
Video codec software and hardware developers
STB, PVR, DVD consumer electronics
developers for cable, satellite, terrestrial,
and IP
Video conferencing & communications
equipment developers
Mobile video infrastructure and
handset developers
Video Content Delivery
CODEC and equipment evaluation and
comparison in cable, satellite, terrestrial,
and Video over IP applications
Features and Benefits
Next Generation (VC-1, H.264/AVC, MPEG-4
& 3GPP) and Legacy (MPEG-2, H.261, H.263)
CODEC support
Frame-by-Frame and Block-by- Block analysis
to allow easy CODEC comparison
Easy-to-Interpret Detailed Graphical Displays
(requires user installed Microsoft Excel)
Comprehensive semantic trace file output
to determine Block-by- Block encoder
decision making
Real-time and non real-time decoding
and analysis of compressed video streams
(dependent on PC performance)
The AV Delay Measurement Option can be used
to analyze, measure and characterize the delay
or lead between audio and video in the encoded
stream and report it to the user graphically to an
accuracy of 1 mS
The Audio Analysis Option checks for
compliance to the standards and quickly
provides full analysis of all aspects of the
performance of the compression used
MTS4CC Compliance Checker
MTS4CC is a PC-based software package capable
of displaying and analyzing encoded audio and
video streams for the VC-1, H.264/AVC, MPEG-4,
MPEG-2, and H.263 video compression standards.
The MTS4CC is intended as a more cost-effective
solution for those customers who do not require
the advanced diagnostic capabilities of the MTS4EA
ES Analyzer.
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/mts4ea
Vclips
™
Vclips™ are a diverse set of short video clips
designed to test video encoders and decoders to
the limits of their abilities. The Encoder series of
video clips is a set of uncompressed YUV clips that
comprises many different video elements, designed
to “stress” an encoder in many ways. The Decoder
series of video clips is compressed to different video
standards and tests video decoders not only to the
limits of the video standard concerned, but also in
their response to errors in encoded bit streams.
Whether developing video compression or testing
the performance of different codecs, using Vclips
can save many man-weeks of time otherwise spent
generating sequences.
Applications
Developing Video Compression Equipment
Testing the Performance of Different Codecs
Features and Benefits
Video Sizes: Test with Many Different Video
Sizes; Sub-QCIF, QCIF, CIF, D1, HD (720p
and 1080i)
Difficult Subjects: Test with Fine Detail,
Night Time, Areas of High Contrast, Sharp
Borders, Uniform
Areas, Bright and Dull Colors
Visual Objects: People, Buildings, Vehicles,
Trees, Landscapes, Clouds, Water and
Synthetic Objects
Movement: Fast, Slow, Uniform, Random,
Multiple Moving Objects. Also Pan, Zoom
and Rotate
“Test Card” Sequences: Precisely Defined
Motion, Bright Colors, Dull Colors, Lines,
Patterns and Grids. Also for Strobing and
White Noise.
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/vclips
www.tektronix.com/video 11
Signal Monitors
2009 Product Catalog
Measurement and Analysis
- Eye Pattern & Jitter Waveform Measurements
Option PHY
- Color Bar & Pathological Signal Generation –
Option PHY
- Digital Data Analysis – Standard
- ANC Data Inspector – Standard
- Simultaneous Input Monitoring – Standard
- Audio / Video Delay Measurement – Standard
WFM8200
WFM8200 / WFM8300 Advanced Multi-standard,
Multi-format Waveform Monitors
Ideal for multi-format environments, the WFM8200
and WFM8300 advanced waveform monitors
provide flexible options and field-installable upgrade
kits to monitor diverse video types including 3 Gb/s
SDI, Dual Link, HD/SD SDI, and Composite Analog
Video. Both WFM8200 and WFM8300 come
standard with SMPTE 372M compliant monitoring,
SMPTE 352M automatic format detection, and
selectable display of Alpha Channel as well as 2K
Dual Link monitoring with XYZ Color Space.
These instruments allow for monitoring of Link A,
Link B, or the combined Dual Link input with a
comprehensive set of displays and status reporting
tools. The Tektronix-patented Timing Display
(measures timing between Link A and Link B of
the Dual Link signal) proves invaluable to maintaining
correct timing between the two links.
Applications
Combine with the TG700 3G module for 3G
Physical Layer measurements
WFM8300
The measurement and monitoring capabilities of the
WFM8300 provide precision capabilities such as
Physical Layer Measurements, Digital Data Analysis
(including ANC Data Inspector), A/V Delay
Measurement, and in-depth Simultaneous Input
Monitoring which makes Tektronix the brand of
choice for applications that require deep signal and
content analysis with unquestionable accuracy.
Video Monitoring Standards and Formats
- 3Gb/s SDI (Level A and Level B) – Option 3G
- High Definition SDI – Standard
- Standard Definition SDI – Standard
- Dual Link (4:2:2, 4:4:4, alpha channel, 10 bit,
12 bit) – Standard
Features and Benefits
Audio Monitoring Standards and Formats
Video Monitoring Standards and Formats
Quality control in the video production and
post-production
- High Definition SDI – Standard
- 3Gb/s SDI (Level A and Level B) – Option 3G
- Standard Definition SDI – Standard
- Dual Link (4:2:2, 4:4:4, alpha channel,
10 bit, 12 bit) – Standard
- Composite Analog Video – Option CPS
Color Gamut Monitoring
- Arrowhead Display – Standard
- Diamond and Split Diamond Displays –
Standard
- Spearhead Display – Option PROD
- Luma Qualified Vector (LQV™) –
Option PROD
Audio Monitoring Standards and Formats
- Analog, Digital AES/EBU, Digital Embedded –
Option AD
- Analog & Digital plus Dolby Digital and
Dolby E – Option DDE
12 www.tektronix.com/video
Features and Benefits
The WFM8300 features the complete range of
options of the product family and comes standard
with HD/SD-SDI and Dual Link video formats
support. It provides high-performance monitoring
and measurement for applications for a wide range
of formats from Composite Analog to SD-SDI,
HD-SDI, Dual Link video formats, and 3Gb/s SDI
video signals. The WFM8300 offers support for a
variety of audio formats for analog, digital AES/EBU,
digital embedded, Dolby Digital, and Dolby E.
Monitoring and compliance checking in video
distribution and broadcasting
Equipment qualification and troubleshooting
in the installation and maintenance of video
facilities and systems
The WFM8200 provides an ideal solution for
advanced monitoring of Analog, Digital, High
Frame-rate Digital Video, and multiple Audio formats.
This flexible solution comes standard with HD/SDSDI and Dual Link video monitoring and can be
equipped with options and upgrades to monitor
3Gb/s SDI and/or Composite Analog video. The
WFM8200 is an intelligent choice that prepares you
for format transitions and growing monitoring needs.
Available audio options include support for analog,
digital AES/EBU, digital embedded, Dolby Digital,
and Dolby E formats.
- Composite Analog Video – Option CPS
Color Gamut Monitoring
- Arrowhead Display – Standard
- Diamond and Split Diamond Displays –
Standard
- Spearhead Display – Option PROD
- Luma Qualified Vector (LQV™) – Option
PROD
- Analog, Digital AES/EBU, Digital Embedded –
Option AD
- Analog & Digital plus Dolby Digital and
Dolby E – Option DDE
Measurement and Analysis
- Eye Pattern Display & Jitter Readouts –
Option EYE
Both WFM8300 and WFM8200 support flexible
combinations of options and field upgrades,
providing an excellent solution for multi-format
environments while protecting your investment.
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/wfm8000
Signal Monitors
2009 Product Catalog
Extensive Fault Monitoring, Status Reporting,
and Error Logging Simplify Content Quality
Control
Available High-Performance SDI Physical Layer
Measurements (PHY Option) is Available for Eye
and Jitter Displays
In-Depth Digital Data Analysis Helps Quickly
Resolve Difficult Quality and Reliability Issues.
(DAT Option)
Exceptional Audio Monitoring Available, (Option
AD) including support for Dolby® Audio Formats
(Option DDE) and a Front-panel Headphone
Connector, Reduces Time and Effort in Verifying
Multi-channel Audio Content
WFM6000 / WFM7000 Series Multi-standard,
Multi-format Waveform Monitors
The WFM6120, WFM7020 and WFM7120 help
video content producers verify content quality
and make precision content adjustments. In video
delivery systems, they help operations staff verify
content quality and system reliability, and help
engineering staff qualify, install, and maintain video
systems. Design and manufacturing engineers
developing new video equipment use these
products for design troubleshooting, functional
verification, and manufacturing test.
This series of waveform monitors boosts your
productivity, allowing you to accurately monitor
and analyze content at a glance with Tektronix
See and Solve™ displays, powerful error reporting
and the most advanced timing and alignment
jitter measurements. Unique capabilities such as
support for 3 Gb/s, Dual Link, Simultaneous Input
monitoring and Audio-Video Delay measurements
help you solve challenging problems faster and
efficiently.
Applications
Monitoring and Compliance Checking in Video
Distribution and Broadcasting
Quality Control in Video Production and
Post-production
Equipment Qualification and Troubleshooting in
the Installation and Maintenance of Video
Facilities and Systems
Combine with the TG700 for A/V Delay
measurements
Features and Benefits
ANC Data Inspector (DAT Option) simplifies
ANC Data Monitoring
Settable Dolby Guard Band Limits
Active Format Description (AFD), Video Index
and Wide Screen Signaling (WSS) decoding
Black Picture and Frozen Frame Detection for
monitoring signal path continuity
Selectable Time Code- for ANC VITC or LTC;
selectable VITC selectable line number
Simultaneous A/B Input Support Extends
Monitoring Functions (SIM Option)
Standard and User-definable Safe Area
Graticules Help Avoid Errors and Rework in
Editing and Format Conversion
Front-panel USB Port For Easy Storage and
Transfer of Instrument Settings and Video Data
Audio Control Packet provides a decoded
display of the embedded audio information
Dolby E Audio/Video Timing and Synchronization
measurement
VANC Dolby Metadata Display
Audio Loudness Monitoring according to the ITU
BS.1770 standard
CEA708 Closed Caption decoding
Teletext Subtitle decoding
Infinite Persistance Mode for trace displays
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/wfm7000
Full Dual Link Support for High-End Production,
Post Production and Manufacturing Applications
(DL Option)
Numerical and Graphical Display of A/V Delay
(AVD Option)
3G single link SDI interface (3G Option)
3G single link jitter measurements (JIT Option)
FlexVu™ XGA Display Increases Productivity
with the Ability to Create Hundreds of Custom
Multiple-view Displays Tailored to Specific Work
Practices
CaptureVu™ Video Frame Capture Improves
Efficiency in Troubleshooting and Equipment
Setup (WFM6120 & WFM7120)
Exclusive Tektronix Gamut Displays Help Ensure
Compliant Content
Tektronix’s Patented Timing Display Simplifies
Plant Timing
The Patented Tektronix Lightning Display is Ideal
for Maintaining Correct Inter-channel Timing
www.tektronix.com/video 13
Signal Monitors
2009 Product Catalog
Features and Benefits
TandemVu™ enables Wavform/Vector (or
Waveform Lightning) Display with Picture
Thumbnail in a full-size single tile display
Tektronix patented Timing Display simplifies
facilities timing
Short-depth integrated waveform monitor
(WFM5000 / WFM4000) form factor for
space-critical environments
High-resolution, LED backlit display provides
bright, readable instrument display - even
under sunlight
Easy to learn with intuitive user interface
and online help
Exclusive Tektronix Gamut displays (Diamond,
Split Diamond, and Arrowhead) ensure
compliant content
WFM4000 / WFM5000 Series Multi-standard,
Multi-format, Portable Waveform Monitors
The WFM5000 is a portable Waveform Monitor for
HD and SD Serial Digital Video Monitoring and
HD/SD format auto-detection. The WFM4000 is
a portable Waveform Monitor for SD Serial Digital
Video Monitoring. Both units provide Digital audio
monitoring for 16 embedded channels and 2
AES/EBU channels.
Applications
Camera level setup including camera shading
Quality control and fault detection of outgoing
video and audio content (control rooms and
mobile trucks)
Basic content verification during field production
Content processing (including content edit, color
adjustment, format conversion, and addition of
promos and /or station IDs)
Quality control and fault detection of incoming
or outgoing video and audio content
Tape or File QC
Captured screen display downloadable to USB
storage device in bitmap file format for easy
documentation
Picture Thumbnail in all modes for quick
identification of source content
Audio Bars and Lissajous displays let Audio
Editors and Operators verify compliance of
digital audio signals, without the need for an
additional piece of equipment
Front panel headphone port for easy
identification and monitoring of audio channels
Passive loop-throughs for HD-SDI (WFM5000
and WVR5000 only) and SD-SDI inputs allow
for monitoring the true signal in the path and
ensuring signal integrity, even if instrument
power is off
32 instrument Presets for quick recall of
commonly used configurations
Front panel USB device for easy transfer of
instrument Presets
Tektronix patented Timing Display
SNMP Support
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/compactwfmwvr
14 www.tektronix.com/video
Signal Monitors
2009 Product Catalog
Applications
Audio Monitoring in Broadcast and Post
Production Facilities
Creative Adjustments in Audio Production
Quality assurance in environments with multiple
audio formats
Verification of audio and video coordination in
SDI video signals
Real-time monitoring of material on air
Features and Benefits
Modular configurations to support in one platform the monitoring of analog and digital signals
(embedded or de-embedded) including
AES/EBU, Dolby Digital and Dolby-E
FlexVu 4-tile XGA display for easy operation
Audio monitoring displays include Audio bars,
with user-selectable scales, Lissajous and
Multi-channel Surround Sound
Multi-axis display of surround-sound audio
showing loudness weighted audio levels, total
sound volume phantom sound sources, and
the dominant sound source to efficiently adjust
surround-sound audio content
Comprehensive status and session screens
and alarm reports with storage capacity for
up to 10,000 log events
AMM768 Audio Monitor
AMM768 is a multi-channel audio monitor that
supports, in one scalable platform, options to
monitor Analog, Digital and Dolby audio, it also
provides SDI de-embedding option with picture
display to facilitate video and audio coordination.
SDI Picture display option allows operators
to verify correct association of audio to
video content
Front panel headphone port for quick verification
of audio
USB port for easy download and upload of
customized instrument presets
For further details visit:
www.tek.com/amm768
www.tektronix.com/video 15
Signal Monitors
2009 Product Catalog
Features and Benefits
Active Format Description (AFD), Video Index
and Wide Screen Signaling (WSS) decoding
Black Picture and Frozen Frame Detection for
monitoring signal path continuity
Selectable Time Code- for ANC VITC or LTC;
selectable VITC selectable line number
Infinite Persistance Mode for trace displays
Numerical and Graphical Display of A/V Delay
Simultaneous A/B Input Support extends
monitoring functions
CaptureVu™, allows you to store and compare
diverse views of the reconstituted signal
(standard in WVR7120)
High-performance Eye, Jitter and Physical Layer
Measurements help quickly resolve difficult
quality and reliability problems
WVR6000 / WVR7000 Series Waveform Rasterizers
The WVR6020 / WVR7020 / WVR7120 help video
content producers verify content quality and make
precision content adjustments. In video delivery
systems, they help operations staff verify content
quality and system reliability, and help engineering
staffs qualify, install, and maintain video systems.
Ideal for multi-format environments, these
Rasterizers offer performance and flexibility
needed for demanding video applications.
These instruments offer options to monitor
SDI and Analog Composite Video, as well as
Audio Signals, all from a single, convenient 1
RU instrument.
The WVR7120 and WVR7020 feature the most
powerful Dual-Link monitoring capability compliant
with SMPTE 372M. These instruments provide
selectable display of Alpha Channel and automatic
format detection on signals with 352M Video
Payload Identifier (VPID). The WVR7120 features
advanced monitoring and measurement tools such
as CaptureVu™ and provides options for A/V delay
measurement and simultaneous input monitoring.
16 www.tektronix.com/video
Applications
Monitoring and compliance checking in video
distribution and broadcasting
Quality control in the video production and
post-production
Equipment qualification and troubleshooting
in the installation and maintenance of video
facilities and systems
Combine with the TG700 for A/V Delay
measurements
Passive loop-through inputs allow for
transparent monitoring at any point of
the signal path
Exceptional Audio Monitoring, with options for
Analog, Digital and Dolby audio formats reduce
time and effort in verifying multi-channel audio
content
Instrument Presets for Quick Recall of
Commonly Used Configurations
Digital Cursors for Precise Time, and
Amplitude monitoring
Closed Caption (CC) decode and display
capability helps operators quickly verify and
correct CC errors
Standard and User-definable Safe Area
Graticules Facilitate Editing tasks and reduce
the need for format conversions
VANC Dolby Metadata Display
Audio Loudness Monitoring according to the ITU
BS.1770 standard
CEA708 Closed Caption decoding
Teletext Subtitle decoding
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/wvr7100
Signal Monitors
2009 Product Catalog
Applications
Camera level setup including camera shading
Quality control and fault detection of outgoing
video and audio content (control rooms and
mobile trucks)
Basic content verification during field production
Content processing (including content edit, color
adjustment, format conversion, and addition of
promos and /or station IDs)
Quality control and fault detection of incoming
or outgoing video and audio content
WVR4000 / WVR5000
Series Waveform
Rasterizers
The WVR5000 is a compact Waveform Rasterizer
for HD and SD Serial Digital Video Monitoring with
HD/SD format auto-detection. The WVR4000 is a
compact Waveform Rasterizer for SD Serial Digital
Video Monitoring. Both units provide Digital audio
monitoring for 16 embedded channels and 2
AES/EBU channels.
Tape or File QC
Features and Benefits
Half-rack rasterizer (WVR5000/WVR4000) form
factor for space-critical environments
Easy to learn with intuitive user interface and
online help
TandemVu enables Waveform/Vector (or
Waveform Lightning) Display with Picture
Patented Tektronix Timing Displays simplies
facilities timing
Exclusive Tektronix Gamut displays (Diamond,
Split Diamond, and Arrowhead) ensure
compliant content
Picture Thumbnail in all modes for quick
identification of source content
Audio Bars and Lissajous displays let Audio
Editors and Operators verify compliance of
digital audio signals, without the need for an
additional piece of equipment
Front panel headphone port for easy
identification and monitoring of audio channels
Passive loop-throughs for HD-SDI (WFM5000
and WVR5000 only) and SD-SDI inputs allow
for monitoring the true signal in the path and
ensuring signal integrity, even if instrument
power is off
32 instrument Presets for quick recall of
commonly used configurations
Front panel USB device for easy transfer of
instrument Presets
Tektronix patented Timing Display
SNMP Support
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/compactwfmwvr
www.tektronix.com/video 17
Signal Sources
2009 Product Catalog
Features and Benefits
Modular platform which holds up to 4
modules – choose specific configurations
from 11 available modules
The TG700 has a unique genlock architecture,
“Stay GenLock™”, that provides high stability
with the AGL7 module. The AGL7 module adds
the capacity to lock to a variety of signals which
makes the TG700 an ideal solution as the
master house and slave reference for broadcast,
production and post-production applications
The TG700 can lock to GPS-based timing with
the GPS7 module. The integrated GPS receiver
uses an external off-the-shelf antenna to provide
a stable, accurate system clock and a real-time
source for LTC and VITC timecode outputs
TG700 Multi-format Sync
& Signal Generator
Designed with the changing needs of the video
industry in mind, the TG700 offers sync pulse
generation and test signal generation for a wide
array of analog, serial digital, and digital
high definition formats. The new GPS7 GPS
Synchronization and Timecode module can
help you to:
Use GPS-based timing to provide a master
house reference with long-term clock stability
Distribute multiple independent timecode signals
simultaneously
Support for SDI digital video formats from SD to
HD and beyond. The new HD3G7 3Gb/s SDI
Generator module supports every 1080p test
signal generation, and can up-convert any
1080-line format in the SMPTE 425 standard,
for both level A and level B mapping structures.
The HDLG7 Dual Link Video Generator supports
all dual link formats, including Digital Cinema 2K
and XYZ formats
An Ethernet interface allows you to download
test signals, frame pictures, logos and new
firmware as well as backup, restore and
duplicate settings of the TG700
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/tg700
SPG300/600 Standard
Definition Sync & Signal
Generators
Cost effective Sync Pulse Generators for analog,
digital and analog digital mixed facilities with “Stay
GenLock™, a unique, robust genlock architecture
that provides stable synchronization signals for
digital and traditional broadcast facilities.
Applications
Master sync/signal generators for standard
definition post production and broadcast facilities
Features and Benefits
Applications
Master reference for broadcast, production, and
post-production facilities
Test signals for SD/HD post and production
facilities
Equipment verification for manufacturers and
evaluation labs
Choice of form factors; full rack width - SPG600,
or half rack width - SPG300
Stay GenLock™ – Unique, robust Genlock mode
for analog or digital production facilities
All signal output channels are configurable with
black burst or test signal outputs
Calibration and maintenance
SNMP and Web-based remote control for easy
integration into any operational environment
Combine with the WFM7120 or WVR7120 for
Lip synch and A/V delay measurements
ECO422D Automatic Changeover unit for fully
redundant sync system design
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/spg300
18 www.tektronix.com/video
Video & Picture Quality Analyzers
2009 Product Catalog
Features and Benefits
Fast, Accurate, Repeatable, and Objective
Picture Quality Measurement
Predicts DMOS (Differential Mean Opinion
Score) Measurement Based on Human Vision
System Model
Picture Quality Measurements Can be Made on
a Variety of HD Video Formats (1080i, 720p) and
SD Video Formats (525 or 625 )
Makes Picture Quality Comparison across
Different Resolutions from HD to SD, or
HD/SD to CIF
User-Configurable Viewing Condition and
Display Models for Reference and Comparison
Attention/Artifact Weighted Measurement
Automatic Temporal and Spatial Alignment
VM600 Integrated
Signal Analyzer
PQA500 Picture
Quality Analyzer
The VM6000 integrates acquisition hardware,
optimized video measurement algorithms, test
signal files, and accessories into a cohesive test
system solution. Product verification activities that
previously took hours or days to complete can
now be completed in seconds or minutes. Offering
near plug-and-play video measurement capability,
even unskilled operators can reliably assess video
output signal quality. The conformance of signals to
specifications is reported with obvious pass or fail
results, with signal distortions clearly identified for
further analysis. The VM6000 is the only automatic
video analyzer capable of supporting SD, HDTV and
PC graphics signal formats, and is well suited to the
demands of measuring high resolution HDTV and
high frequency PC graphics video signals.
Based on the concepts of the human vision
system, the PQA500 provides a suite of repeatable,
objective quality measurements that closely correspond with subjective human visual assessment.
These measurements provide valuable information
to engineers working to optimize video compression
and recovery, and maintaining a level of common
carrier and distribution transmission service to
clients and viewers.
Applications
Design validation & optimization
Applications
Optional SD/HD SDI Interface for Generating
and Capturing Video Sequences, including
Simultaneous Video Generation and Capture
of up to 2 SDI Signals
SD/HD SDI Interface Includes Instant
Output Channel Swapping for Easier
Subjective Evaluation
Easy Regression Testing and Automation
with XML Scripting
Multiple Results View Options
Pre-Installed Sample Reference and
Test Sequences
Optional SD/HD SDI Interface for Generating
and Capturing Video Sequences, including
Simultaneous Video Generation and Capture
of up to 2 SDI Signals
CODEC Design, Optimization and Verification
Conformance Testing, Transmission Equipment
and System Evaluation
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/pqa500
Digital Video Mastering
Video Compression Services
Digital Consumer Product Development
and Manufacturing
Standards compliance testing (VESA, EIA,
SMPTE)
Quality control & functional test
Automated Manufacturing test
ISO calibration testing
Features and Benefits
Automates test of consumer HDTV
video devices
Automates VESA compliance test for PC
graphics devices
Fast, accurate, and reliable video measurements
Comprehensive component analog video
signal analysis
SD, HDTV, and RGBHV component analog
format support
Picture, vector, and waveform displays
Pass-fail limit testing
Automatic report generator
Complete DPO functionality
LAN connectivity
CD-RW drive
Signal sources for testing DVD and
Blu-ray players
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/vm6000
www.tektronix.com/video 19
Content Verification
2009 Product Catalog
Cerify® / Cerify SW
Cerify is the world’s first fully-automated solution
for automatically verifying Content Interchange –
the quality of file-based, compressed digital video
and audio content. Cerify can help you deal with
your content explosion by checking content at the
input of your workflow, and ensure quality levels
before transmission. Cerify fully tests all aspects
of the video and audio elements to make certain it
meets quality and compliance for video and audio
standards, and can automatically verify and validate
the file content is ready and adheres to user-defined
format templates. Backed by the Cerify Developer
Community (CDC), Cerify supports the widest range
of Video Server and Broadcast Management
System vendors, reducing your system integration
complexity. Solutions range from windows-based
PC standalone workstations to enterprise-wide
solutions that interface to 3rd party automation
or asset management systems.
Applications
Checking that post production content has been
correctly encoded and is compliant with the
broadcaster’s content quality agreement
Checking audio and video after encoding, at
ingest, after editing, and before playout for
terrestrial, satellite, cable, internet/Content-onDemand and VoD
Checking integrity before and after archiving
Features and Benefits
Runs automatically 24/7 to perform consistent
and thorough checks of incoming video files
against user defined content templates
All aspects are checked, including encoding,
compliance/correctness to video and audio
standards, video formats, resolutions, bitrates,
adherence to transmission system limits, and
also video and audio quality (including the
presence of faults such as black frames,
blockiness, audio silence/incorrect levels)
Simultaneous testing of multiple files
Logs errors, informs automation systems, plus
programmable actions such as email user alert,
and file quarantine
Web-browser user interface and control
CeriTalk API for integration with broadcast
management systems
Video Formats:
All frame format sizes, bit rates and resolutions for
SD/HD and mixed workflows (including QCIF, CIF,
D1, 720p, 1080i, 1080p)
Resolutions:
QCIF, CIF, SD, D1, 720p, 1080i/50, 1080i/60,
1080p (and non-standard sizes from 16X16 to HD+)
Wrappers:
MPEG-2 Transport Stream, MPEG-2 Program
Stream, MPEG-4 Parts 1, 14 & 15, 3GPP, MOV,
ASF, GXF, MXF
Video:
MPEG-2, IMX 30/50, D10, XDCAM, MPEG-4 AVC
(H.264), VC-1/WMV9, MPEG-4 Part 2, H.263,
DV/DVCPro25, DV/DVCPro50, DVCPro100/HD
Audio:
MPEG–1, MPEG–2, MPEG–2 AAC, AAC-Plus
(MPEG-4 AAC) , HE–AAC, PCM, WMA, Dolby E,
AC3
With Tektronix’ Cerify, you can be assured that your
content conforms to your standards for quality, and
know that your content is correct before it is played
to air.
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/cerify
20 www.tektronix.com/video
Service
2009 Product Catalog
Cerify Services:
Assurance of Quality Output
Installation & System Support
Your Tektronix Service Advantage
Installation services are included with all Cerify
200 Series products. Installation services are defined
in a Statement of Work and include system design,
configuration, implementation, test and trouble
shooting, and documentation. The installation service
deliverables are:
You can trust Tektronix to offer unequalled engineering expertise and a customercentric approach to ensure the optimal performance of your Tektronix products
and maximize the lifetime value of your Tektronix investment.
Service Initiation
System Design
Design Implementation
Summary of Service Plans
Repair Service
Extended Coverage
Calibration Service
Coverage
Multi-Vendor
Calibration Services
System Test
Documentation
Acceptance and Sign-off
Cerify System Support
1, 3 and 5 year maintenance agreement options
are available for your Cerify 200 Series products
(MN1, MN3, MN5). A system support maintenance
agreement includes:
Save money with
multi-year coverage
Accredited calibration
Priority service
Functional verification
Covers equipment, parts,
labor and transportation
Applicable software, safety
and reliability updates
Applicable software, safety
and reliability updates
Calibration records retention
Traceable calibration
Single point of contact for all
of your calibration needs
Simplify your operations and
reduce administrative costs
On-site delivery for
convenience and reduced
downtime
Software maintenance that includes all firmware
and software updates
Tektronix Factory Experts
Telephone technical support during regular
business hours
Access to the engineering expertise that designed and built your products to ensure they are in
peak performance. Over 20 man years of training per support engineer.
On site repair services performed at your facility
Comprehensive and Thorough Treatment
Advanced parts exchange with next day delivery
Software updates, safety and reliability modifications, and cosmetic enhancements are included if
applicable. Products are returned to you in a “like new” condition. Worldwide support is available
through the Tektronix network.
Efficiency and Convenience
Team of professionals focused on getting your instruments back to you as soon as possible to
keep your downtime to a minimum and your service management easy.
Flexible Repair and Calibration Service
Choice of cost effective, flexible options and service packages to meet your needs.
For further details visit:
www.tektronix.com/service
www.tektronix.com/video 21
Glossary of Terms
Download our free Glossary of Video
Terms & Acronyms. This comprehensive
reference book has been compiled from
material gathered over time and from
numerous sources.
Contact Tektronix:
ASEAN / Australasia (65) 6356 3900
Austria +41 52 675 3777
Balkans, Israel, South Africa and other ISE Countries +41 52 675 3777
Belgium 07 81 60166
Brazil +55 (11) 3759-7627
To download your free copy of this glossary,
please visit: www.tek.com/video/glossary
Canada 1 (800) 661-5625
Central East Europe, Ukraine and the Baltics +41 52 675 3777
Central Europe & Greece +41 52 675 3777
Denmark +45 80 88 1401
Finland +41 52 675 3777
France +33 (0) 1 69 86 81 81
Do More with MyTek
The MyTek resource Center enables you
to work smarter by providing you with
relevant, timely content. After a one-time
signup, get access to the latest online
tools to get more from your Tektronix
equipment–such as manuals, software,
online tutorials, pricing, en-newsletters,
and much more.
Become a member today at:
www.tektronix.com/mytek
Germany +49 (221) 94 77 400
Hong Kong (852) 2585-6688
India (91) 80-42922600
Italy +39 (02) 25086 1
Japan 81 (3) 6714-3010
Luxembourg +44 (0) 1344 392400
Mexico, Central/South America & Caribbean 52 (55) 54247900
Middle East, Asia and North Africa +41 52 675 3777
The Netherlands 090 02 021797
Norway 800 16098
People’s Republic of China 86 (10) 6235 1230
Poland +41 52 675 3777
Find a Manual
Did you know that downloadable
manuals for many products are available
on our web site free of charge?
Find them at:
www.tektronix.com/site/mn/mnfinder_search
Portugal 80 08 12370
Republic of Korea 82 (2) 6917-5000
Russia & CIS +7 (495) 7484900
South Africa +27 11 206 8360
Spain (+34) 901 988 054
Sweden 020 08 80371
Switzerland +41 52 675 3777
Taiwan 886 (2) 2722-9622
United Kingdom & Ireland +44 (0) 1344 392400
USA 1 (800) 426-2200
For other areas contact Tektronix, Inc. at: 1 (503) 627-7111
Contact information updated 4 August 2009
Ask the Experts
Our group of video experts has more
than 140 combined years of experience
in the industry. Send them your video
questions and they will get back to you
within one business day.
You can find them on our web site at:
www.tektronix.com/videoexperts
For Further Information
Tektronix maintains a comprehensive, constantly expanding
collection of application notes, technical briefs and other
resources to help engineers working on the cutting edge of
technology. Please visit www.tektronix.com
Copyright © 2009, Tektronix. All rights reserved. Tektronix products are covered
by U.S. and foreign patents, issued and pending. Information in this publication
supersedes that in all previously published material. Specification and price
change privileges reserved. TEKTRONIX and TEK are registered trademarks
of Tektronix, Inc. All other trade names referenced are the service marks,
trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
8/09 EA/
25W-19328-6
24 www.tektronix.com/video
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