Gated ICCD Camera Series
Gated ICCD Camera Series
Ideal for imaging extreme low light fast phenomena!
Applications
Visualization of discharge and plasma phenomena
Observation of fuel spray and combustion state in engine
Study of laser ablation
Observation of shock waves
Study of high-speed phenomena in laser fusion
Analysis of inkjet discharge
Discharge of xexon lamp
Captures extreme low light ultrafast phenomena.
Gated ICCD camera series are highy sensitivity cameras capable of high
speed gate operation (high speed shutter) to capture images of transient
phenomena. Coupling a CCD camera to an image intensifier (or I.I.)
captures instantaneous high speed transient phenomena or
instantaneous phenomena occurring with low-level light emission.
The variety of products best meets your needs of gate time, resolution or
spectral sensitivity characteristics.
High
sensitivity
Features
Super high speed gating to a minimum of 5 ns
Allows time-resolved imaging of ultrafast phenomenon in the subnanosecond range.
Time-resolved imaging made simple by an auto-delay function
Makes your time-resolved imaging easy by programming any desired sampling time period.
DIC mode captures 2 image frames at super high speed (C11370-11-2)
Capable of capturing 2 consecutive frames with a 1 μs interval.
Simultaneous imaging on up to 4 channels (option)
Captures up to 4 image frames at a minimum 5 ns interval in a single shot.
Also simultaneously captures images at 4 different wavelengths.
Captures digital (12 bits) images
Low noise digital CCD camera delivers images with a high S/N ratio.
High sensitivity with a quantum efficiency of 50 % (GaAsP)
Photon counting for spectrum measurement at super high sensitivity
2
C11370-10-1
C11370-10-3
(Camera: C8484-05G/C8484-05C)
(Camera: C10600-10B)
High speed
gate
operation
Selection
Select from a wide product range to match your application
Specifications
Model Number
Features
C11370-10-1
C11370-20-1
C11370-30-1
C11370-11-2
High resolution
Enhanced near infrared sensitivity
Enhanced visible sensitivity
DIC operation
160 nm to 900 nm
370 nm to 920 nm
280 nm to 720 nm
185 nm to 850 nm
GaAs
GaAsP
5 ns
Minimum gate time
Spectral response characteristics
Multialkali
Photocathode
10 ns
Multialkali
1344×1024
Number of CCD pixels
57 lp/mm
64 lp/mm
Image intensifier resolution
1344×1024
Gate repetition*1
Frame rate
57 lp/mm
57 lp/mm
200 kHz
50 kHz
8 Hz
1 MHz*2
Output
12 bit digital
Data analyzer*3
C6808-36, -37
*1 It is different from the number of the shot frames.
* Effective area size
*2 It takes the 2 consecutive frames only.
C11370-X0-1, C11370-11-2: 13.0 mm × 9.907 mm (X=1, 2, 3)
C6808-51, -52
*3 Optional
Spectral sensitivity range
Spectral response characteristic graph
100
Frame rate: 8 Hz
GaAsP
Multialkali
GaAs
C11370-10-1
C11370-20-1
Quantum efficiency (%)
10
C11370-30-1
Frame rate: 1 MHz
C11370-11-2
200
400
600
800
1000
Wavelength (nm)
1
0.1
0.01
200
400
600
800
1000
Wavelength (nm)
The specification are available below.
Description of model name
C11370-
1
1
2
Photocathode
3
2
The number of MCP / Phosphor screen
1
Photocathode
2
1
2
3
Multialkali
0
1
5
GaAs
GaAsP
The number of MCP Phospher screen
1
P43
1
P46
2
P43
3
CCD Camera
3
1
2
3
CCD Camera
No Camera
C8484-05G
C8484-05C
C10600-10B
3
Basic operating principle / Measurement technique examples
Basic operating principle
High
sensitivity
High-speed gated ICCD cameras are high-sensitivity CCD cameras that feature high-speed gate
operation (high shutter speed). The image intensifier (or I.I.) coupled to a CCD camera enables highspeed gating along with high-sensitivity imaging. ICCD cameras can capture instantaneous action of
high-speed phenomena as well as the faint light that occurs in instantaneous phenomena. They can
also offer time-resolved imaging of reproducible phenomena by programming the gate delay timing.
High speed
gate
operation
I.I. ( Image Intensifier)
Photons are converted to electrons at the photocathode.
After the electrons are multiplied to several thousands,
the electrons are converted back to photons again.
Structure of MCP
Channel
MCP
Incident electron
Channel wall
e
Phospher
Fiber optics
MCP screen
Photocathode
VD
P
P
e
e
e
P
P
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Amplification of an image is accomplished using an MCP built
inside the image intensifier (I.I.). Each channel in the MCP is a
secondary electron multiplier, multiplying electrons with each
bounce off the channel wall.
P
P
Gate operation
This is a fast shutter function. This gating which is synchronized
with trigger input can allow us to capture fast phenomenon.
Operating principle of gate
Photocathode
Phospher
Fiber optics
MCP screen
Photocathode
Output electrons
(thousands times)
MCP
Phospher
screen
Photocathode
P
e
P
e
P
e
P
e
P
e
P
e
MCP
e
e
e
e
e
e
Phospher
screen
P
P
P
P
P
P
0V
P
Synchronizing
P
e
e
e
P
P
P
P
-200 V
Gate operation is performed by reversing the potential
between the photocathode and anode. A high-speed
squarewave voltage signal is applied. The width of this
squarewave determines the gate time (shutter speed).
Gate signal
Measurement technique examples
1
2
3
4
4
Time-resolved imaging
using sampling method
When measuring repetitive phenomena, time-resolved imaging
can be performed by shifting the gate delay timing automatically
according to a user-programmed scheme.
Eliminating background
by high-speed gating
When the target phenomenon is buried in background light, the
gating timing can be synchronized to match the target
phenomenon to create clear images with high signal-to-noise
ratio.
Capturing fluorescence
(scattering) images
by using a pulsed laser
This technique captures fluorescence images of samples of
Capturing high-speed
images of 2 consecutive
frames by DIC mode
Dual Image Capture (DIC) mode can capture 2 consectutive
frames at a 1 μs interval using just one camera. This mode is
ideal for high-speed imaging of non-repeatable events. This
option is available on C11370-11-2.
interest and its cross section by synchronizing the timing with a
pulsed laser or excitation light source.
Measurement examples
Visualization of CF2 by LIF in a high frequency plasma
A plasma is generated by applying high frequency waves of 150 MHz to 6 mm in diameter alumina electrodes placed at a gap of 1 mm in a gas
mixture (1 atm pressure) of He (99 %) and CF (1 %).
(Excitation wavelength: 261.77 nm, gate width: 50 ns, optical filter spectral transmittance: 280 nm to 370 nm)
▲The illustration which saw the electrode
from the side. Left figure is ultraviolet light
image in square region. Green region shows
plasma of 500 μm gap.
▲LIF image of 1 mm gap
(Subtracted background plasma emission)
▲LIF image of 500 μm gap
▲Position relation of gap and a plasma
emission distribution
(Data courtesy of Dr. Y. Oshikane, Division of Precision Science and technology and Applied Physics, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Japan)
Spontaneous emission from radicals in burner flame
CH
431.4 nm
C2
516.5 nm
50
Emission intensity (a.u.)
OH
306.3 nm
C2, 516.5 nm
CH, 431.4 nm
40
30
OH, 306.4 nm
20
10
0
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
Wavelength (nm)
▲Spontaneous emission of radical from bunsen burner flame
Fuel: Liquefied petroleum gas
Exposure time: 10 ms
▲Spontaneous emission spectra of radical from bunsen burner flame.
Fuel: Liquefied petroleum gas.
Observation of positive nanosecond pulse discharges in atmospheric air
Reference
T ns
T + 1 ns
T + 2 ns
T + 4 ns
(Data courtesy: Dr. Takao Namihira, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kumamoto University, Japan)
5
Application examples
Multi-channel measurements
Chamber
Controller
Camera A
Bidirectional simultaneous imaging
Bidirectional simultaneous imaging
C7970-01
I.I. CONTROLLER
PROTECT/
ERROR
TRIG.IN
TTL/50Ω
POWER
MONITOR OUT
Capturing images simultaneously from 2
cameras oriented at different angles
allows 3D analysis.
Delay generator
TRIG
BUSY
RATE
INT
us
ms
S
TRIG
MENU
DELAY
OUTPUT
GPIB
STORE
RECALL
B
A
TRIGGER
POWER
ps
ns
ON OFF
LCD
BSP
MUM
REM
7
8
4
+/-
9
5
1
0
6
EXP
3
2
EXC
LCD
To
B
A
B
C
D
C
D
C
D
Camera B
A
C7970-01
I.I. CONTROLLER
PROTECT/
ERROR
Camera A image
TRIG.IN
TTL/50Ω
POWER
MONITOR OUT
Controller
Dual-wavelength simultaneous imaging
PC for analysis
Dual-wavelength simultaneous imaging
Chamber
Light flux is split by a dichroic mirror and
a band-pass filter is placed in each
optical path to allow only light on the
required wavelengths to pass through.
Simultaneous imaging by 2 camera units
allows capturing images at the same
timing at different wavelengths. Also 2
image frames can be captured at
extremely small intervals by removing the
filters and delaying camera gate time on
one camera unit versus the other camera.
Camera B image
Camera A
Controller
Delay adjustment by DG535
C7970-01
I.I. CONTROLLER
PROTECT/
ERROR
TRIG.IN
TTL/50Ω
POWER
Trigger
MONITOR OUT
1ch
Camera B
Camera A
Gate
Controller
C7970-01
I.I. CONTROLLER
PROTECT/
ERROR
2ch
TRIG.IN
TTL/50Ω
POWER
MONITOR OUT
Camera B
Gate
Delay generator
MENU
DELAY
OUTPUT
STORE
RECALL
B
A
TRIG
BUSY
RATE
INT
us
ms
S
TRIG
GPIB
TRIGGER
POWER
ps
ns
ON OFF
LCD
BSP
MUM
REM
7
8
4
+/-
9
5
1
0
6
EXP
3
2
Phenomenon
EXC
LCD
To
A
B
A
B
C
D
C
D
C
D
PC for analysis
Spectrum measurement
Spectrum measurement
Spectroscopy
Delay adjustment by DG535
Camera
Trigger
Spectrum measurement
Gate
Wavelength analysis of high-speed
phenomena can be performed by
combining with a polychromator. The
polychromator can contain 3 gratings that
allow versatile measurements by
switching the spectral range and/or
spectral resolution. *1
Delay generator
Controller
C7970-01
I.I. CONTROLLER
PROTECT/
ERROR
TRIG
BUSY
RATE
INT
us
ms
S
TRIG
MENU
DELAY
OUTPUT
GPIB
STORE
RECALL
B
A
TRIGGER
ps
ns
7
8
4
+/-
9
5
1
0
6
MONITOR OUT
EXP
3
2
POWER
ON OFF
LCD
BSP
MUM
REM
TRIG.IN
TTL/50Ω
POWER
EXC
LCD
To
A
B
A
B
C
D
C
D
C
D
Phenomenon
200
100
Trgger
GPIB
0
200
400
Wavelength(nm)
600
Chamber
PC for analysis
Spectroscopy
Multi-wavelength spectrum measurement
Camera
Trigger
Multi-wavelength spectrum
measurement*
Delay generator
Controller
C7970-01
I.I. CONTROLLER
PROTECT/
ERROR
Connecting a dedicated fiber (5-branch
taps on input) to a polychromator allows
high speed analysis at 5 different
locations.
TRIG
BUSY
RATE
INT
TRIG
us
ms
S
MENU
DELAY
TRIGGER
TRIG.IN
TTL/50Ω
POWER
BSP
MUM
REM
GPIB
POWER
ps
ns
STORE
RECALL
B
A
ON OFF
LCD
OUTPUT
7
8
4
5
1
0
+/-
9
6
MONITOR OUT
Gate
EXP
3
2
Delay adjustment by DG535
EXC
LCD
To
A
B
A
B
C
D
C
D
Trgger
C
D
Phenomenon
GPIB
200
100
Chamber
PC for analysis
0
200
400
Wavelength(nm)
600
Delay generator
TRIG
BUSY
RATE
INT
us
ms
S
TRIG
MENU
DELAY
OUTPUT
GPIB
STORE
RECALL
B
A
TRIGGER
High speed gated spectrum
measurement
POWER
ps
ns
LCD
BSP
MUM
REM
7
8
4
0
9
5
1
6
3
2
ON OFF
+/EXP
EXC
LCD
To
A
B
A
B
C
D
C
D
C
D
PC for analysis
Changes in specific wavelength
distributions can be acquired with time
resolution in the nanosecond range by
inser ting a band-pass filter and
acquiring images at incremental
timing delays preprogrammed in the
ICCD software.
Camera
*1 Separate software is required for wavelength analysis.
6
Options
Data analyzer
Optics
Type Number
Interface
Gate time
ICCD
Image intensifier gain
camera
Binning
control
External synchronize exposure
Number of compatible cameras
Image
One shot
acquisition Sequential acquisition
Image
Dark current correction
correction
Shading correction
Distortion correction
Image
Profile
processing Statistical processing
Inter-image arithmetic operation
Image zoom in/out
Brightness/contrast
LUT
Control unit DG535
External control Image file
Data save
Required
hardware
Profile
PC
Frame grabber board
Interface specifications
GP-IB board
OS
C6808-36, -37, -51, -52
Digital
Up to 2 cameras (-51 only)
UV Lens A12692-01
Focus length
F value
Spectral transmittance
Lens mount
105 mm
F4.5
200 nm
F-mount
UV Lens A4869
Focus length
F value
Spectral transmittance
Lens mount
Attachment size
50.4 mm
F3.5
200 nm or more
C-mount
40.5 mm (P=0.5 mm)
Magnifying Optics A7976-02
The A7976-02 is a simple magnifying lens
optimized for imaging in the visible through
near-infrared range. It can be used to
capture images at various wavelengths by
inserting an optical filter.
(-37, -52 only)
(Supports only some functions)
TIFF(8/16 bit)
DIB <BMP> (8 bit)
TEXT
AVI(8 bit)
Objective lens
IBM PC compatible computer (Desktop PC)
-36, -37 IEEE1394
-51, -52 Camera Link
(-37, -52 only)
Windows 7
Replaceable objective lens type (M Plan series)
Confocal distance 95 mm
Option: 5×, 10×, 20×, 50×, 100×
Focusing lens
1×
Spectral transmittance 355 nm to 1064 nm
Filter
Insertable (φ25 mm, 0 mm/-0.3 mm)
Optical axis height
100 mm
Digital delay generator DG535
This general-purpose delay generator
is ideal for controling the timing and
synchronization of ICCD camera,
pulsed laser and other instruments.
Can be externally or internally
triggered. Up to four channels can be
pre-programmed in the ICCD software for easy operation.
Number of output channel
Output level
Delay setting range
Delay resolution
Minimum delay time
Reptition frequency
Sync output
External trigger input
Thresh hold voltage
Control
Trigger jitter
Power supply
Power consumption
4 channels (BNC)
TTL, ECL, NIM, VAR
50 Ω/HIGH
0 ps to 999.9 s
5 ps
85 ns
Single,
0.001 Hz to 1 MHz
TTL, ECL, NIM, VAR
50 Ω / HIGH
50 Ω / HIGH
rise / fall
± 2.56 V
GPIB control
60 ps +1E-6 × Delay time
AC100 V, 120 V, 220 V
Approx.100 VA
7
Dimensional outlines / Analog camera system
Dimensional outlines (Unit: mm)
C11370-xx-1, -2 Series (Approx. 2.0 kg)
C11370-xx-3 Series (Approx. 2.8 kg)
139.5±0.5
42.5±0.5 50±0.2 50±0.2
1/4-20UNC D=6
6-M4 D=6
130±0.5
92±0.5
130±0.5
92±0.5
40±0.2
95±0.5
188±5
1-32UNC
238±5
1-32UNC
40±0.2
42.5±0.5 50±0.2 50±0.2
1/4-20UNC D=6
6-M4 D=6
25±0.2
25±0.2
95±0.5
Gated I.I. Controller (Approx. 2.8 kg)
C11370
TRIG.IN
TTL/50
MONITOR OUT
170±2
232±1
74±1
PROTECT/
ERROR
7±2
I.I CONTROLLER
POWER
23±2
260±2
308±1
★ Product and software package names noted in this documentation are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective manufacturers.
●
●
Subject to local technical requirements and regulations, availability of products included in this promotional material may vary. Please consult your local sales representative.
Information furnished by HAMAMATSU is believed to be reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed for possible inaccuracies or omissions.
Specifications and external appearance are subject to change without notice..
© 2014 Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.
HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.
www.hamamatsu.com
HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K., Systems Division
812 Joko-cho, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu City, 431-3196, Japan, Telephone: (81)53-431-0124, Fax: (81)53-435-1574, E-mail: export@sys.hpk.co.jp
U.S.A.: Hamamatsu Corporation: 360 Foothill Road, Bridgewater, N.J 08807, U.S.A., Telephone: (1)908-231-0960, Fax: (1)908-231-1218 E-mail: usa@hamamatsu.com
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North Europe: Hamamatsu Photonics Norden AB: Torshamnsgatan 35 16440 Kista, Sweden, Telephone: (46)8-509-031-00, Fax: (46)8-509-031-01 E-mail: info@hamamatsu.se
Italy: Hamamatsu Photonics Italia S.r.l.: Strada della Moia, 1 int. 6 20020 Arese (Milano), Italy, Telephone: (39)02-93581733, Fax: (39)02-93581741 E-mail: info@hamamatsu.it
China: Hamamatsu Photonics (China) Co., Ltd.: B1201 Jiaming Center, No.27 Dongsanhuan Beilu, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100020, China, Telephone: (86)10-6586-6006, Fax: (86)10-6586-2866 E-mail: hpc@hamamatsu.com.cn
Cat. No. SHSS0018E03
JUL/2014 HPK
Created in Japan
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