LITHIUM HANDBOOK
+0
Ø17.0 −1.0
LITHIUM HANDBOOK
Insulatingtube
INDUSTRIAL BATTERIES FOR
PROFESSIONALS
Ø
APPLICATIONS
2.0
2.9
4.0
14.1
12.5
1.5
+0
Ø30.0 −0.3
+0
17.0 −0.
5.0±1.0
+0
3.8
5.4 −0.3
Ø27
+0
45.5 −1.5
Ø17.0 −1.0
2.2
0.15
+0
Ø30.0 −0.3
Ø27
5.0
+0.1
3.2 −0.3
0.2
+0
27.0 −0.7
+0
Ø17.0 −1.0
+0
45.0 −0.3
30.0
+0
3.2
5.0±0.8
Ø20.0
2.7
10.2±0.5
3.0
+0
Ø23.0 −0.5
.75
45.5 −1.5
0.2
1.80
10.0±1.5
0.2
0.2
Ø27
+0.1
+0
Ø30.0 −0.3
3.2 −0.3
1.0
+0
15.6 −0.5
16.0
Electronic Toll Collection (ETC)
RFID
Emergency call (E-Call)
Gas meter
Heat cost allocator
Door lock system
Marine devices
Scales
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
Watch
Glucose meter
Remote control
Ticketing machine
Digital thermometer
Real Time Clock (RTC)
Medical devices, etc.
20.0±0.3
COMPANY
COMPANY
WORLD’S LARGEST
BATTERY MANUFACTURER
PAISEU organisation
FACTORY
SOLUTIONS
ENERGY
PAISEU
PANASONIC
AUTOMOTIVE & INDUSTRIAL
SYSTEMS EUROPE GMBH
AUTOMOTIVE
INDUSTRY
CERTIFICATIONS
‘Quality is our Business’ – this is what Panasonic stands for. It is the principle for all
our batteries and supporting services. This commitment is confirmed by numerous
certifications.
PANASONIC ENERGY
Panasonic offers a wide range of power solutions for portable and stationary applications. Our product range includes high reliability batteries such as Lithium-Ion,
Lithium, Nickel-Metal-Hydride, Nickel-Cadmium, Valve-Regulated-Lead-Acid (VRLA),
Alkaline and Zinc-Carbon. With this breadth and depth to the portfolio, we can
power your business in virtually all applications.
Our production facilities use leading-edge manufacturing processes that meet the
toughest quality standards. All our factories are certified to ISO standards – with
ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 being the minimum benchmarks. This means each factory
has its own quality and environmental management, and delivers products that
measure up to toughest standards of reliability.
Panasonic began manufacturing batteries in 1931 and is today the most diversified
global battery manufacturer worldwide, with an extensive network of manufacturing
companies globally. The company employees are dedicated to research, development and production of batteries for an energised world.
Most of our factories are also certified to OHSAS 18001 (Occupational Health and
Safety Assessment Series), an international standard to assess the management
system which organisations have in place for occupational safety. This confirms
that our factories have been proactive in putting the occupational health and safety
of staff at the centre of the company’s dealings. In addition our VRLA batteries are
for example approved to German VdS standard and the US UL standard.
PANASONIC AUTOMOTIVE & INDUSTRIAL SYSTEMS EUROPE GMBH (PAISEU)
Our batteries therefore offer benefits – power, safety, long life – which guarantee
quality in every respect and deliver the best performance for your application. Find
out how we can power your business.
Panasonic Corporation, founded in Osaka 1918, is one of the world’s largest manu­
facturers of quality electronic and electrical equipment. Its subsidiary, Panasonic
Automotive & Industrial Systems Europe GmbH (PAISEU), markets a diverse
portfolio of industrial products throughout Europe. Formed in 2014 to strengthen
Panasonic’s pan-European industry operations, the company is now active in
Automotive, Industry, Factory Solutions and Energy.
In October 2014, Panasonic Automotive & Industrial Systems Europe GmbH
(PAISEU), Sanyo Component Europe GmbH (SCE) and Panasonic Industrial Devices
Sales Europe GmbH (PIDSEU) merged and now operate as one AIS (Automotive
& Industrial Systems) company. In addition, Panasonic Electric Works Europe AG
(PEWEU) became a wholly owned subsidiary of PAISEU in October 2014. This new
organisation reinforces Panasonic’s position in the market, creating a stronger
business partner for customers, who benefit from the capabilities and technical
solutions of the combined product and service portfolios.
2
Panasonic quality – certified by
authorised agencies.
3
BATTERY FINDER
BATTERY FINDER
FIND THE RIGHT
BATTERY FOR YOUR
APPLICATION
App vers
SMARTPHONE APP
ion 2.1
COMPANY
WHAT IS?
App 2ve.r1sion
and o n
line
BATTERY FINDER
app & find
BATTERIES
CONTACT
FEATURES
HOME
This is the welcome screen.
You can start looking for a
battery straight from here,
or check out the information on Panasonic and
details on battery technologies. Good luck!
BATTERY FINDER
You can search for the
batteries in three ways: by
product series, by application or by model number.
WHAT IS?
If you’re looking for background info, you’ll find it
here in the app’s extensive glossary on battery
technology. Find out about
our battery types, product
series and terminal types.
BATTERY INFORMATION
You’re shown the selected
battery with all the key
details. You have also several options for requesting
downloads and hardcopies.
Designed for engineers, electronics specialists and developers who need batteries
for their projects, the Battery Finder provides an overview of what’s available in the
Panasonic range of industrial batteries, and gives a recommendation on the type of
battery that’s best suited to the user’s application. It also offers a wealth of infor­
ma­tion, diagrams and videos on battery technology.
Search for batteries using three filter criteria:
- Search by product series (chemistries)
- Search by application
- Search by model number
Current Panasonic range: now 307 batteries
Automatic update of range
Pictures and technical drawings of all products
Product datasheets
Favorites selection and sending to interested person
Function for comparing batteries based on technical details (only online application)
Function for requesting product material in hardcopy or PDF format
Function for recommendation
Function for sending an inquiry
Extensive information on battery technology (‘What is’ glossary)
Videos showing battery structure
Information about the company
Panasonic green battery application video
All contact details for Panasonic Automotive & Industrial Systems Europe GmbH
Function to save images to smartphone gallery
Direct link to Panasonic Battery Channel on YouTube
There are two versions of the Battery Finder: a smartphone app for iPhone and
Android devices (2.1) and an online application for computers or tablets.
4
HTML APP
TECHNICAL INFORMATION
If you’re looking for background info, you’ll find it here – in
the app’s extensive glossary on battery technology. Find
out about our battery types, product series and terminal
types.
ersion
Online v
BATTERY COMPARISON
You have the option to display two batteries simultaneously. The differences between the products are automatically highlighted.
5
YOUTUBE CHANNEL
MEDIAPOOL
DOWNLOAD THE RIGHT
BATTERY MEDIA FILES
ALKALINE (45)
LITHIUM (460)
LITHIUM-ION (272)
NICKEL-CADMIUM
(220)
NICKEL-METALHYDRIDE (212)
VRLA (370)
ZINC-CARBON (45)
GENERAL PICTURES
(90)
VIDEOS (14)
FIND THE RIGHT
BATTERY VIDEO
PANASONIC IN MOTION
FEATURES
The Panasonic Mediapool is a complete online library of Panasonic battery images,
videos and press releases, providing you with just the right material for all sorts of
projects. The Mediapool is open to all visitors to the Panasonic website, and offers
material for both print and web. The image files differ with respect to their resolution (image size) and color space (CMYK or RGB). For each product, there is also a
version with a shadow (suitable for use on a white background) and without shadow
(suitable for use on a colored or grey background). The library contains images in
three formats: JPG, EPS and PNG.
Please find a comprehensive selection of Panasonic battery videos at our YouTube
Channel. You can find videos about the inner structure of our different battery
chemistries, a video which gives you a clear insight about ‘green’ battery applications and last but not least a video which explains the working of our Battery Finder
App in detail.
Find out how we can power your business!
New
New chemistry Ni-Cd (Nickel-Cadmium)
V ideos and press releases now available, in addition to pictures
New files appear in the folder ‘New files‘ for three months
You can assemble as many files as you need and download them directly to your
computer. Here’s an overview of what you can do:
Locate the material you need by product name or by clicking through the categories
Preview file details – the preview function tells you the full name of the file, its size,
format and resolution
Select the files you wish to download. You can take files from multiple folders, or select all the material in a particular folder or category in one-click operation –
there’s no need to select each one individually
Preview your personal ‘Download bag’ of the files you have selected
The Mediapool zips your data into a file, which you then download to your computer.
You unzip the file to the location of your choice simply by double-clicking the file
name. The material is then ready for use.
6
PANASONIC GREEN BATTERY
APPLICATION
PANASONIC NI-MH PRODUCT VIDEO FOR
PROFESSIONALS
PANASONIC ALKALINE PRODUCT VIDEO
FOR PROFESSIONALS
PANASONIC BATTERY FINDER UPDATE 2.1 –
APP & ONLINE VERSION
7
INDEX
CHAPTER
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
SAFETY WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
PAGE
Please be sure to observe the following warnings. As batteries contains flammable substances such as Lithium or other
3.Avoid direct soldering to batteries.
4.Keep batteries away from direct sunlight, high temperature,
COMPANY
2–3
BATTERY FINDER
4–5
MEDIAPOOL
6
YOUTUBE CHANNEL
7
GENERAL INFORMATION
9 – 27
SAFETY WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
9
INTRODUCTION
10 – 11
D
o not charge, short (an exception is to pass batteries
1.Do not short-circuit (an exception is to pass batteries through
GENERAL FEATURES
12 – 13
through dipping solder) disassemble, deform or heat bat-
dipping solder), disassemble, deform or heat batteries. Do
PRIMARY VS. RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES
14
teries. Do not throw batteries into fire.
not throw batteries into fire.
APPLICATIONS
15
SELECTING A BATTERY/MODEL NUMBER
16 – 17
BATTERY SELECTION CHART
18 – 22
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR USING, HANDLING AND DESIGNING
23 – 26
DESIGN FOR MEMORY BACK-UP USE
27
other series.
of batteries with insulating tape, etc. (see fig. 1). When dis-
PRIMARY LITHIUM BATTERIES – INDIVIDUAL DATA SHEETS
28 – 59
A
void direct soldering to batteries.
posed of improperly, Lithium batteries may short, causing
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) – CYLINDRICAL TYPE
29 – 32
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR CONSUMER) – CYLINDRICAL TYPE
33 – 36
of batteries with insulating tape, etc. (see Fig. 1). When dis-
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR PROFESSIONALS) – CYLINDRICAL TYPE
37 – 38
posed of improperly, Lithium batteries may short, causing
1. Be sure to connect the
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) – COIN TYPE
39 – 43
them to become hot, burst or ignite.
2.Avoid mixed use of batteries, i.e. new, used or different types.
HIGH TEMPERATURE POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR-A SERIES) – COIN TYPE
44 – 47
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES) – COIN TYPE
48 – 57
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) – PIN TYPE
58 – 59
RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES – INDIVIDUAL DATA SHEETS
60 – 76
VANADIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (VL SERIES) – COIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE
61 – 66
MANGANESE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (ML SERIES) – COIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE
67 – 72
TITANIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (MT SERIES) – COIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE
73 – 76
LITHIUM BATTERY TERMINALS AND SOLDERING
77 – 79
BATTERY TERMINALS
78
1. Do not charge, short (an exception is to pass batteries
SOLDERING LITHIUM BATTERIES
78
through dipping solder) disassemble, deform or heat bat-
TERMINAL TYPES
79
teries. Do not throw batteries into fire.
STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS
80 – 81
PRODUCT CERTIFICATIONS
80
FACTORY CERTIFICATIONS
80
APPLICABLE STANDARDS
80
LITHIUM BATTERY TRANSPORTATION
80
SECURITY EXPORT CONTROL
80 – 81
AVOIDING HAZARDS AND PREVENTING QUALITY PROBLEMS
82 – 85
1. Be sure to connect the
AVOIDING HAZARDS
82
2. Avoid mixed use of batteries, i.e. new, used or different types.
PREVENTING QUALITY PROBLEMS
83–85
organic solvents, they may cause heating, rupture or ignition.
CYLINDRICAL TYPE LITHIUM BATTERIES
1
and high humidity.
COIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE
LITHIUM BATTERIES
Warning
Warning
1. It may cause rupture or ignite.
D
o not connect the
and
electrodes to each other with
metal or wire. Do not carry or store batteries together with
a metallic necklace, etc.
2.Do not charge rechargeable batteries with a higher voltage
than specified.
3.Keep batteries out of reach of small children. Should a child
A
void inversed connection of
and
terminals to devices.
Avoid mixed use of new and old batteries or batteries of
2.W hen discarding batteries, insulate the
and
terminals
3.Keep batteries out of reach of small children. Should a child
swallow a battery, consult a physician immediately.
Caution
swallow a battery, consult a physician immediately.
4.W hen discarding batteries, insulate the
and
terminals
them to become hot, burst or ignite.
Caution
and
electrodes correctly.
3.Avoid direct soldering to batteries.
4.Keep batteries away from direct sunlight, high temperature, and high humidity.
Keep batteries away from direct sunlight, high temperature,
Fig. 1 When disposing batteries (example of insulating)*1
and high humidity.
COIN TYPE LITHIUM BATTERIES
Insulation tape
Insulation
tape
Insulation
tape
Insulation
tape
Insulation tape
Insulation
tape
Insulation
tape
Insulation
tape
Warning
CR-P2
CR-P2
CR-P2
CR-P2
2.Keep batteries out of reach of small children. Should a child
swallow a battery, consult a physician immediately.
3.W hen discarding batteries, insulate the
and
Insulation tape
Insulation
tape
Insulation
tape
Insulation
tape
terminals
of batteries with insulating tape, etc. (see Fig. 1). When dis-
CR123A
CR123A
CR123A
CR123A
or
or
oror
CR2
CR2
CR2
CR2
posed of improperly, Lithium batteries may short, causing
them to become hot, burst or ignite.
Caution
and
Insulation
Insulation
Insulation
Insulation
tape
tape
tape
tape
2CR5
2CR5
2CR5
2CR5
electrodes correctly.
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Discharge circuits will be made by the contact of batteries, which may cause heating, rupture, or ignition of batteries.
Insulation
Insulation
Insulation
Insulation
tape
tape
tape
tape
9
1
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
1
COMPARISON OF LITHIUM PRIMARY CHEMISTRY*1
Chemistry
BR
Cathode
Material
CF
MnO2
SOCl2
Li metal
Li metal
Organic electrolyte
Organic electrolyte
Organic electrolyte
Nominal voltage
3V
3V
3.6V
Discharge capacity
+
+
+
++
+
+
++
++
++
++
++
+
+
++
+
++
++
+
+
+
++
++
+
++
–
++
–
–
–
++
–
–
–
Voltage during discharge
(Initial)
Low current
Voltage during discharge
(End of capacity)
Low current
Pulse performance at
low temperature
Initial
High current
High current
End of life
Storage performance
Reliability
Safety
Environment
LITHIUM & MICRO BATTERIES:
TYPES AND FEATURES
ER
Li metal
Anode
Electrolyte
Performance
CR
Eco friendly
*2
*2
*3
++ Very good capability
+ Good capability
- Not good capability
TYPES OF LITHIUM & MICRO BATTERIES
Ever since Panasonic became the first company in the world to develop and commence
CYLINDRICAL
TYPE
the mass production of Lithium batteries for consumer products in 1971, Panasonic has
launched a series of Lithium batteries in many shapes and sizes including cylindrical types,
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES)
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES)
coin types and pin types. Panasonic has also successfully introduced coin type rechargeable
Lithium batteries to the market for applications such as memory back-up or watches.
PRIMARY LITHIUM
BATTERIES
(non-recharge­able)
Today, Lithium batteries have a proven track record of opening up a host of new fields where
COIN TYPE
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES)
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES)
conventional batteries cannot be used. Applications range from high-current dis­charge
applications typified by 35 mm cameras to ultra-low current discharge appli­cations in such
PIN TYPE
products as electronic watches or applications as power supplies for IC memory back-up
which require long-term reliability.
LITHIUM &
MICRO BATTERIES
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES)
Panasonic has conducted repeated tests on the various safety and performance characteristics, plus the effects of environmental factors such as temperature. We have accumulated a
VANADIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (VL SERIES)
wealth of corroborative data on the performance of our batteries which cannot be pinpointed
by short-term accelerated tests. As a result, Panasonic batteries have won approval under
the UL safety standards in the United States and wide recognition throughout the world for
RECHARGEABLE
LITHIUM
BATTERIES
COIN TYPE
MANGANESE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (ML SERIES)
their high reliability and safety.
TITANIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (MT SERIES)
10
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Please contact Panasonic to get more detailed information about this technical comparison overview. * 2 Impedance is increasing due to the passivation phenomena.
* 3 Harmful substances included.
11
Voltag
3V
1.5V
1h
the data of C-MOS IC
1.2V
GENERAL FEATURES
1.5V
1.2V
Lithium3V Silver1.55V
Manganese
Ni-MH
1h
GENERAL-10˚C
FEATURES
1cycle
1h 1h
to achieve increasing miniaturization. A single Lithium battery
can replace two, three or more conventional batteries. The figure on the right shows the number of cells required to provide
Operating voltage (V)
BR-C (cylindrical type)
90
80
BR-C (cylindrical type)
90
3.0
0
1.5
Storage temp.: room temp.
Storage period (years)
0
5
0
20
25
30
1.5V
1.2V
3.0
2.5
Silver Manganese Ni-MH
Voltage maintaining
the data of C-MOS IC
1.0
Low selfdischarge
rate and superior storability
3V
1.55V
1.5V
1.2V
Since the substance that is chemically very stable is used for
0
Silver
Manganese (BR
Ni-MHseries: Poly-Carbon­
plus terminal as Lithium
an active
material
0
-10°C
2.0
1.5
(Underwriters
Inc.).
3
0
1Laboratories
2
4
1
1
500
500
2
2
1,000
1,000
3
3
1,500
1,500
4
4
2,000
2,000
5
6
5
6
Duration
Duration
2,500
2,500
7
7
10
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
Storage period (years)
BR-C (cylindrical type)
BR-2325 (coin type)
90
80
5
200
3.0
2.5
20°C
BR-2330A
2.0
-10°C
1.5
Self discharge performance at 100°C
1.0
Capacity
Voltage
(V)retention (%)
3.5
1,000
500
100
3.0
1
2.5
2
45°C1,500
4
3
5
Duration
20°C
90
2,000
2,500
Load:
7
6
3,000 (days)
2.2MΩ
(1.3µA)
(years)
-10°C
2.0
801.5
22
33
700.5
0
0
5
500
20°C
1
10
15
20
~
Storage
(months)
30kΩ (=97µA)
1,000
1,500Load:2,000
2,500
2
Long-term discharge
0°C
3
4
5
6
7
3,000
Long-term discharge has been verified at all operating tem1.5
peratures under low-load discharge conditions.
500
1,000
1,500
2,000
2,000
4,000
5,000
1,000
(hours)
2,000Duration3,000
3,000
4,000
5,000
1,000
Duration3,000
(hours)
2,000
4,000
5,000
55
6 6
7 (years)
7 (years)
Lithium batteries employ organic electrolytes with minimum
BR-2325
creep­ing so they are vastly superior in terms of leakage
BR-2/3A
BR-2325
2
4
6
8
100µA
10µA
100µA
10µA
100µA
current
1mADischarge
10mA 100mA
Battery voltage
Battery voltage
Battery voltage
10
68
10
300 40
Battery temperature
468
Current
Battery temperature
0
Current
1
2
3
0
Current
1
2
024
02
1
6
7
(hours)
3 Duration
4
5
6
7
3 Duration
4 (hours)
5
6
7
2
60°C
1 month
45°C/90%
3 months
Leakage resistance evaluation items
Test conditions
High temperature storage
60°C
The batteries achieve stable characteristics under high tem-
High temperature
45°C/90% RH
perature and humidity conditions (45°C/90% RH, 60°C/90%
High humidity storage
60°C/90% RH
1 month
1h
1h
200
60°C/90%
200
3 months
200 020
30
0100
0100 020
0
0
1 month
200
150
Temp. cycle
Heat shock
60 cycles
120 cycles
3 months
BR-2/3A
150
BR-2/3A
150
100
BR-2/3A
100
100 characteristics
VL Charge
50
60˚C
60˚C
Temperature cycle
4
5
300 20
40
200
30
100
Duration (hours)
Conditions
Storage
300 30
40
200
Battery temperature
246
0
types of batteries that employ aqueous solution electrolytes.
1h
1h 1h
1h
1cycle
1cycle
1h
1h
-10˚C
-10˚C
Wide operating temperature range
used in other types of batteries, Lithium batteries are capable
10µA
Leakage resistance test results
Outstanding electrolyte leakage resistance
that is much lower than the aqueous solution electrolytes
Voltage at 50%
discharge state
Voltage at 50%
discharge state
Voltage at 50%
discharge state
0°C
20°C
-20°C
0°C
20°C
-40°C
-20°C
0°C
1mA 10mA 100mA
-40°C
-20°C
current
1mADischarge
10mA 100mA
-40°C
0
Model
number
~
Load: 30kΩ (days)
(=97µA)
45°C
20°C
0°C
The data in this document
are
only 6and are 7not
intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
1
2 for descriptive
3
4 purposes
5
(years)
3.0
Duration
)
50
(days)
(years)
1,000
12
10
8
2,500
2,500(days)
(days)
Due to the use of organic electrolytes with a solidifying point
2.0
2.5
2,000
2,000
est challenge for batteries.
Duration
2.5
0
1,500
1,500
44
60˚C
12
10
RH), and even under heat shock which constitutes the sever-
1.0
3.0
1,000
1,000
60˚C
45˚C
12
100
0
resistance under environmental changes compared to other
110
0
0
45°C
1.0
BR-2/3A
0
Duration
Duration
Load: 2.2MΩ (1.3µA)
45°C
0
150
1.5
1.5
500
500
45˚C
20˚C
BR-2325 Charge resistance (10V consistent-voltage charge)
2.0
2.0
11
10
Storage period (years)
0
~
Load:30kΩ
30kΩ(=97µA)
~(=97µA)
Load:
2.5
2.5
1.0
1.0
00
Storage temp.: room temp.
3.5
0
1.6
Time (minutes)
0
0.5
0
7
Battery
temperature
Battery
temperature
Battery
temperature
(°C) (°C) (°C)
Capacity retentions (%)
5
100
0°C
0°C
3.0
3.0
Storage temp.: room temp.
0
20°C
20°C
20˚C
0˚C
Discharge current
(years)
(years)
BR-C
45°C
45°C
0˚C
-10˚C
60°C
85°C
45°C
60°C
85°C
45°C
60°C
20°C
45°C
3,000 (days)
3,000 (days)
Battery temperature (°C)
80
years storage.
6
Battery surface temperature when short-circuited
100
BR-2325 (coin type)
0
5
Duration (hours)
monofluoride, CR series: Manganese Dioxide), if pre­ser­vation
conditions
are
proper,
90%
BR-C
(cylindrical
type) of capacity remains even after ten
90
Current (mA)
2
100 20
have been
approved
Current under the safety standard (UL1642) of UL
-10°C
20°C
Battery temperature
4
ent safety
tests. As a result, Panasonic’s Lithium200batteries
30
Load: 2.2MΩ (1.3µA)
20°C
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
1.0
0.5
0.5
0
00
0
0
0
Voltage (V)
results of
of 40differ6 repeatedly subjecting them to a number300
45°C
-10˚C
-30˚C
Load: 2.2MΩ (1.3µA)
60˚C
85°C
3.0
3.2
2.8
3.0
3.2
2.6
2.8
3.0
2.4
2.6
2.8
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.0
2.2
2.4
1.8
2.0
2.2
1.6
1.8
2.0
1.6
1.8
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
2.0
Lithium
8
Operating
Operating
voltage
(V) (V)
Operating
voltage
(V)voltage
1.55V
-30˚C
45˚C
BR-2/3A
Current drain vs. operation voltage
3.2
Voltage
Voltage
(V) (V)
Voltage
(V)
3V
0˚C
Lithium batteries feature stable substances for the active
Load: 2.2MΩ (1.3µA)
45°C
-10˚C
Superior safety
as such, their superior safety has been verified from the
3.5
3.0
1.5
2.0
1.0
~~
1.0
1.5
~0
~
1.0
0~~
-30˚C
Duration (hours)
10
3.5
1.0
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
Voltage maintaining
the data of C-MOS IC
2.0
2.5
1.5
Load: 2.2MΩ (1.3µA)
80˚C
20˚C
0
BR-2325
2.0
0
Capacity retentions (%)
10mA 100mA
2.5
3.0
2.0
10
Storage period (years)
10
15
5
1mA
80˚C
3.0
2.5
by employing an electrolyte with a high boiling point.
300kΩ 10
5
100µA
ing temperature range has
also current
been significantly in­creased
Discharge
Storage temp.: room temp.
2.0
1.8
10µA
1MΩ
80
2.5
0°C
12
materials
and a structural
that assures safety and,
Batterydesign
voltage
3.0
Voltage (V)
3.0
-40°C
1.6 of the conventional polyolefin resin but its operattor instead
BR-2325 (coin type)
3.0
Voltage (V)
80˚C
Load: 2.2MΩ (1.3µA)
BR-2325 Operating voltage under
high-resistance
discharge
2.4
2.0
engineering
plastic as the material-20°C
for the gasket and separa-
BR-2325 5MΩ
(coin type)
Temperature: 20°C
Duration (years)
12
60°C
45°C
2.8
the high2.2
operating temperature BR20°C
series cells use a special
1.0
the C-MOS IC data holding voltage for each type of battery.
Voltage at 50%
discharge state
85°C
3.0
2.6
of operation
in a wide range of temperatures. Not only do
100
1
1cycle
Voltage
Voltage
(V) (V)
Voltage
(V)
ideally suited for use in all kinds of products where the trend is
Capacity retentions (%)
Capacity
retentions
(%)
Voltage
(V)
BR-2/3A
3.5
100
60˚C
-10˚C
60˚C
-10˚C
1h
1cycle
1h 1h
Silver Manganese Ni-MH
3.2
voltage of 3V (there are 1.5V and 2V lineups also) make them
60˚C
Current
Current
(mA)(mA)
Current
(mA)
Temperature
Temperature
Temperature
(°C) (°C) (°C)
0
Lithium
The high energy density of Lithium batteries and their high
1h
1.0
0
High voltage
1h 1h
1cycle
Duration (hours)
Temperature (°C)
1
1.55V
4
BR-2325
50
BR-2325
50Common to VL-621/Common to VL-1220 VL-2020 and VL-2320
0
BR-2325
0
2
4
6
10
8
VL-3032
3 0
Time
(minutes)
0
2
4
6
8VL-2330 10
0
Time (minutes)
0
2
4
6
10
8
Charging
Time (minutes)
completed
2
1
60˚C
60˚C
Heat shock
1h
1h 1h
1h
1cycle
1cycle
-10˚C
-10˚C
0
Temperature 20°C
0
10
20
30
40
50
100
120
Charge time (hours)
2,500
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
Early battery deterioration region
13
1
1
PRIMARY VS. RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES
APPLICATIONS
1
COIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES
Primary type
Rechargeable Lithium batteries come with excellent characteristics and high reliability.
Long-term reliability
High capacity
Coin type
Low self-discharge rate
Industry
Resistance to continuous discharge
Resistance to over discharge
Application
BR series
BR-A
series
Cylindrical type
CR series
BR series
CR series for
consumer
Pin type
CR series for
professionals
BR series
Electronic Toll Collection (ETC)
Auto­
motive
Comparison table of Lithium battery types
Emergency call (E-Call)
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)
Item
Type
Primary battery
Model
BR
CR
VL
ML
MT
electrode
(CF)n
MnO2
V2O5
LixMnOy
LixOy
electrode
Li
Li
LiAl
LiAl
LixTiOy
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
1.5
Cylindrical:
-40 to +85
Cylindrical:
-40 to +70
Coin:
-30 to +80
Coin:
-30 to +60
Material
Nominal voltage (V)
Operating temperature range (°C)
Rechargeable battery
-20 to +60
-10 to +60
Medical
Metering
Cylindrical type
0.5%
1.0%
Sanitary equipment
Emergency position indicating radio beacon
Life jacket light
Digital thermometer
Scales
Coin type
2.0%
2.0%
2.0%
Electricity meter
Heat cost allocator
Water meter
Door lock system
1.0%
1.0%
Average discharge voltage (V)
–
–
2.85
2.5
1.2
Charge voltage (V)
–
–
3.25 to 3.55
2.8 to 3.2
1.6 to 2.6
Window monitoring system
Cut off voltage (V)
2.0
2.0
2.5
2.0
1.0
Fishing equipment
–
–
1,000
charge/discharge
partly (charge/
discharge for 10% of
discharge depth)
1,000
charge/discharge
partly (charge/
discharge for 10% of
discharge depth)
500
charge/discharge up to 1V or dis­­charge
limit voltage (charge/
discharge for 100% of discharge depth)
Charge-discharge cycles
Model
Performance
Security
Smoke detector
Real Time Clock (RTC)
Others
Tracking & RFID
Vending machine
Watch
Rechargeable type
Comparison between BR and CR
BR vs. CR
Discharge capacity
BR = CR
Voltage during discharging
BR < CR (Higher)
Flatness of discharge voltage
(Flatter) BR > CR
Load characteristics
BR < CR (Superior)
Storage properties
(self-discharge)
< 60°C
> 60°C
Coin type
Industry
Application
Auto­
motive
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
Communication
Fax machine
(Less self-discharge) BR ≥ CR
(Less self-discharge & stable) BR > CR
Notes: In terms of their characteristics, the CR series provides a slightly higher voltage during discharge than the BR series.
14
Home
appliance
Distance meter
Pin:
-30 to +80
Self-discharge
(per year) under
standard conditions
Fax machine
Personal digital assistant
Marine
-20 to +60
High operating
temperature coin:
-40 to +125
Advertising beacon
Communication
ML series
MT series
Calculator
Real Time Clock (RTC)
Others
Tracking & RFID
BR batteries, compared with CR batteries, show more stable characteristics with less discharge voltage variations. These
Vending machine
characteristics should be taken into consideration when selecting a battery for each application.
Watch
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
VL series
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
Recommended applications
Potential applications
15
1
SELECTING A BATTERY/MODEL NUMBER
SELECTING A BATTERY/MODEL NUMBER
SELECTING A BATTERY
MODEL NUMBER
The steps for selecting the batteries for the power supplies of
How to interpret the model numbers generally used for coin
specific equipment are summarized below.
type Lithium batteries
TECHNICAL CONDITIONS FOR SELECTING BATTERIES
The model numbers are normally indicated using two upperPreparation of required specifications (draft)
case English letters and a figure consisting of three or more
The required specifications (draft) are studied by checking the
digits as shown in the example below. This numbering system is
requirements for the batteries to be used as the power sup-
supported by the Japan International Standard Committee of
plies of the specific equipment and their conditions against the
Clocks and Watches and is also an established practice in Japan.
battery selection standards. The technical requirements for
battery selection are shown in the table below for reference
purposes.
Selection of a battery
Select several candidate batteries by referring to the catalogs
and data sheets of batteries which are currently manufactured
and marketed. From this short list, select the battery which
will best meet the ideal level of the requirements. In actual
B
R
Battery type Round
2
3
Diameter 2
5
Height
Electrical characteristics
Temperature and humidity conditions
Size, weight and terminal type
Voltage range
Temperature and humidity during use
V max.
V min.
Continuous load
Cycle charge
max.
Trickle float charge
% max. % min.
Length
(mm)
max.
Charge voltage
Width
(mm)
max.
Mass
(g)
av.
Charge time
harge temperature and C
Temperature and humidity during storage
°C min.
% max. % min.
Terminal type
atmosphere
mA (min.)
Intermittent load/pulse load
Figures to first decimal place with decimal point omitted (ex. 2.5mm)
mA (max.)
Integers omitting fractions (ex. 23mm Dia.)
mA (av.)
In accordance with JIS and IEC standards
mA (min.)
Battery life
Others
Operating life
Atmospheric pressure
Mechanical conditions
Model number (example)
Examples
Intermittent time conditions
make a selection under the revised requirements from the
batteries currently manufactured and marketed. Such a pro-
CR-12 3 A
cedure enables batteries to be selected more economically.
Storage period
Safety
Interchangeability
Marketability
Price
Battery diameter
Battery size
Questions and queries arising at this stage should be directed
to our battery engineers. Sometimes, although it may not be
max.
(mm)
°C max.
Non-operating time
compromise with the required specifications (draft) and then
(mm)
Height
mA (av.)
Battery diameter
Battery size
Round
Poly-Carbonmonofluoride
Lithium battery
Model
number (example)
to examine the possibility of finding a compromise or partial
Diameter
°C min.
mA (max.)
Operating time this method, instead, the basic procedure followed should be
Charge conditions*1
°C max.
Load pattern
BR-1/2 A A
practice, however, the ‘perfect’ battery is seldom found by
1
Round
shown in the catalog, the appropriate battery has become
Manganese
Dioxide
Lithium battery
Model
number
(example)
available through recent development or improvement. As a
BR-2 477A
rule, the required specifications are finalized at this stage.
Requests for developing or improving batteries
If the battery that meets the essential and specific require-
High temperature usage
Divide this by 10 to obtain the battery height in mm
Battery diameter (in mm)
Round
Poly-Carbonmonofluoride Lithium battery
ments cannot be found through the selection process
Model number (example)
described above, a request for battery development or
CR-2032
improvement should be made to our technical department. A
on the nature of the request and the difficulties involved, a
Divide this by 10 to obtain the
battery height in mm
Battery diameter (in mm)
Round
Manganese
Dioxide
Lithium battery
Model
number
(example)
lead time of at least 6 to 12 months is usually required.
VL-2020
request like this should be coordinated as early as possible to
allow for a sufficient study period. While this period depends
Selection of the battery
Divide this by 10 to obtain the
battery height in mm
Battery diameter (in mm)
Round
Vanadium Pentoxide Lithium battery
16
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Only for rechargeable batterie
17
1
1
BATTERY SELECTION CHART
BATTERY SELECTION CHART
COIN TYPE PRIMARY LITHIUM BATTERIES (EXAMPLE)
1
Self Discharge
Reference value for engineering
Self-discharge rate (%/year)
Discharge life as a function of operating current
Temperature: 20°C
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
10
9
8
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
Standard BR & CR battery
BR high temperature type battery
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Temperature (°C)
7
6
CYLINDRICAL TYPE PRIMARY LITHIUM BATTERIES (EXAMPLE)
5
Discharge life as a function of operating current
-24
1,0
Ah)
Ah)
h)
Ah)
Ah)
0m
5m
0m
(50
(56
(25
00m
32
30
54
-23
-30
-23
77(
CR
BR
BR
mA
(48
h)
mA
(35
3
Ah)
0m
(20
32
Ah)
-20
5m
BR
(16
25
-23
BR
25
20
-12
-12
BR
BR
Duration (years)
Temperature: 20°C
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
CR
4
10
7
2.5
Duration (years)
6
2
5
4
-C
00
0m
)
)
Ah
Ah
h)
mA
200
0m
80
(5,
(1,
(1,
1.5
BR
-A
BR
A
2/3
BR
3
2
1
1
0.6
0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0
1.5
2
2.5
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10
15
20
25
30
40
1
2
3
5
10
General formula (rough value with 20°C, standard load)
Calculation
18
Nominal capacity (mAh)
Duration (years) =
Current drain (mA) x 24 (hours) x 365 (days)
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
20
30
50
100
200
300
500
1,000
Current drain (µA)
Current drain (µA)
General formula (rough value with 20°C, standard load)
Calculation
Nominal capacity (mAh)
Duration (years) =
Current drain (mA) x 24 (hours) x 365 (days)
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
19
Temperature: 20°C
Cut off voltage: 2.5V
1
500
BATTERY SELECTION
CHART
400
BATTERY SELECTION CHART
1
300
VL
-3
200
Self Discharge
VL
-2
33
50
50
30
10
32
0
02
500
(3
0
0m
10
20
21
30
400
)
300
(2
0m
)
22
-6
BR battery
Ah
V
VL
Temperature: 20°C
Cut off voltage: 2.5V
)
Ah
CR batteryL-1
10
0
Ah
Ah
-2
20
Discharge life as a function of operating current
m
0m
Reference
value for engineering
VL
20
00
)
-2
30
(1
(5
VL
40
40
2
0
(7
40.5m
50
Ah
m
-2
Ah
60
70
80
90
1
3
5
7
10
30
50
70
100
33
100
100
)
Temperature
(°C)
5
-3
VL
)
(1
VL
200
BR-1/2AA
Duration (days)
Self-discharge rate (%/year)
Duration (days)
100
0
03
300
500
700 1,000
Current drain (µA)
0
03
-6
02
(3
0
0m
Ah
)
(2
0m
)
22
0
(7
m
Ah
)
21
10
)
Ah
-1
VL
Discharge life as a function of operating current
0
-2
VL
Ah
)
32
VL
20
m
Ah
-2
40
00
0m
VL
50
(1
(5
30
COIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (EXAMPLE)
2
(1
.5
m
Ah
)
Temperature: 20°C
Cut off voltage: 1.0V
5
1
500
3
5
7
10
30
50
70
300
100
500
700 1,000
Current drain (µA)
300
200
Cycle life
100
Temperature: 20°C
Cut off voltage: 1.0V
500
30,000
50
1%
300
30
TM
10,000
92
(5
M
(2
)
Ah
1
m
62
.5
m
Ah
M
)
51
10
6
(1
Cycles
T-
.1
5m
Ah
5
100
300
500
700 1,000
VL-303
62
50
1
(2
.5
T-
10
0
Ah
)
51
10
6
(1
.1
5m
40Ah)
20
5
100%
m
M
Current drain (µA)
2
)
70
T-
Ah
50
M
20
m
30
50%
.0
10
30
100
(5
7
50
0
5
500
92
2
10%
TM
3
3
100
1,000
Duration (days)
)
1
Memory backup range
5,000
.0
T-
20
200
0
Duration (days)
50,000
60
80
100
Depth of discharge (%)
3
The number of cycles is defined with the batteries’ remaining capacity ≥50%.
2
1
3
5
7
10
30
50
70
100
300
500
700 1,000
Current drain (µA)
20
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
21
1
BATTERY SELECTION CHART
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR USING, HANDLING AND DESIGNING
VL/ML residual capacity and recovery
Classification
120
Item
Precaution
Voltage measurement
To measure the battery voltage, use an instrument with an input resistance of 10MΩ or higher.
Internal resistance measurement
To measure the internal resistance, use a 1,000Hz AC instrument.
Electrical characteristics check
Even minimal shorting causes the battery voltage to drop, requiring a period of time for the voltage to recover.
Checking the voltage characteristics before the voltage has sufficiently recovered in such a situation may
result in a misjudgment of battery voltage.
Cleaning
Prior to installation in the equipment, wipe the batteries and equipment terminals clean using a dry cloth, etc.
100
Washing: Use of a conductive detergent causes batteries to discharge, the battery voltage to drop and the
battery performance to deteriorate in other ways. Be sure to use a non-conductive detergent.
80
Washing and drying
SOC (%)
1
APPLICABLE BOTH PRIMARY AND RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES
CHARGE RETENTION AND TEMPERATURE DEGRADATION DEPENDENCIES
SOC (State-of-Charge) (%) at 20°C
60
SOC (State-of-Charge) (%) at 60°C
Batteries
Recovery (from 20°C)
Drying: The heat produced when the temperature of the battery units rises above 85˚C deforms the gaskets
and causes electrolyte leakage and a deterioration in performance. Be sure to dry batteries only for short
periods of time at temperatures below 85˚C.
Ensure that dust and other foreign substance will not cause shorting between the poles.
Mounting
Recovery (from 60°C)
When handling batteries, wear finger covers or gloves made of rubber, cotton, etc. to protect the batteries
from dirt.
40
UL
Strictly comply with the conditions outlined on the next page.
Use of multiple batteries
Give sufficient consideration to safety in design when a multiple number of batteries are to be used. Consult
with Panasonic concerning packs of multiple batteries.
Simultaneous use of
other types of batteries
When other types of batteries are also to be used in the some equipment, design the circuitry in such a way
that the current (leakage current) from the other batteries will not flow to the Lithium batteries. (This applies
to primary batteries.)
Use of batteries in series
or in parallel
This requires special circuitry: Please consult with Panasonic. Do not use Lithium batteries together with different types of batteries in series or in parallel.
Battery life
Prior to installation in the equipment, wipe the batteries and equipment terminals clean using a dry cloth, etc.
20
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Time (years)
Ensure that the batteries can be replaced easily and that they will not fall out of position.
Give consideration to the battery dimensions, tolerances, etc.
VL/ML capacity degradation under float
Give consideration to the shape of
installation in reverse.
and
electrodes of the batteries and their tolerances to prevent
Clearly indicate on the battery compartment the type of batteries to be used and their correct installation direction (polarities).
120
Design
100
Remaining capacity (%)
1
With the exception of the terminal areas, insulate the battery compartment from the electrical circuits.
Battery
compartments
in equipment
Take steps to minimize any damage to the equipment resulting from electrolyte leakage from the battery
compartment.
Batteries should be free from leakage of liquids, which can damage equipment and spoil the contact at terminals, making the operation of equipment unstable.
80
SOC (State-of-Charge)(%) at 20°C
60
SOC (State-of-Charge) (%) at 60°C
Limit the electrical circuits inside the battery compartment only to the circuits relating to the battery contacts.
Battery layout and construction
and materials of compartment
Take steps to ensure the batteries are not located heat generating component in the equipment. Installing
batteries near a heat source will heat up the batteries, causing thermal deformation of the gasket and
resulting in electrolyte leakage and a deterioration in characteristics.
Adopt a construction which allows the gases to be vented.
Give consideration to the impact and the effect on the environment in selecting the materials to be used.
40
Contact point materials
Use nickel-plated iron or nickel-plated stainless steel for the contact points.
Contact pressure of contacts
In order to ensure stable contact, use the following levels of contact as a general guideline:
5N to 15N for cylindrical types
2N to 10N for coin types.
Shape of terminals
Use of Y-shaped terminals (2-point contact) for both the
Connection terminals
If lead wires and connection terminals such as tab terminals are required for the batteries, consult with Panasonic since we offer a range of external terminals (connectors, etc.).
20
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Time (years)
22
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
10
11
Contacts
and
connection
terminals
and
electrodes yield stable contact.
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
23
1
1
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR USING, HANDLING AND DESIGNING
Classification
Item
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR USING, HANDLING AND DESIGNING
Precaution
R>V÷I
1. Shorting causes the battery voltage to drop to
BR-2/3A Voltage recovery after
about 0V before slowly recovering from the open
short-circuited (example)
state. It takes time for the initial voltage to be
restored. Notice that measuring the open-circuit
3.5
3.5
3.5
misjudgment that the battery is abnormal. The
2.5
primary batteries are not rechargeable, use of a
reverse current preventing diode and a protective
resistor in series is required where there is the
possibility of charging in the equipment circuit.
2.0
1.5
Use a silicon diode or Schottky diode with a low
2.0
2.0
3.0
(V)
(V)
2.5
3.0
3.0
2.0
2.5
2.5
1.5
2.0
2.0
~
~
1.5
1.5
reverse current as the reverse current prevent-
3-5
3-5seconds
seconds
1010seconds
seconds
2020seconds
seconds
(V)
2.5
2.5
Voltage (V)
(V)
Voltage
Voltage (V)
2. Reverse current preventing diodes. Since Lithium
Circuit design
Shorting time
3-5 seconds
10 seconds
Shorting
time
Shorting
time
20
seconds
3.0
3.0
ers after shorting.
Notes
Temperature:
Temperature:20°C
20°C
3.0
figure on the right illustrates how voltage recov-
~ ~
~~ ~~
ing diode. To maintain the character­istics of a coin
1.5
1.5
60~
~~
~90
0 0 3030 6060 9090 120
120
Recovery
Recoverytime
time(seconds)
(seconds)
1.0
1.0
type Lithium battery, the total charging amount
0
of the battery during its total usage period must
by UL).
0
00
be kept within 3% of the nominal capacity of the
1
Use of multiple batteries
Consult with Panasonic if two or more Vanadium recharge-
Conditions for UL Standard
able Lithium batteries (VL series) or Manganese recharge-
(Contact Panasonic for further details.)
able Lithium batteries (ML series) are to be used in series or
in parallel.
1. Use of protective resistor in series
Charging
0 30
120
Recovery time (seconds)
1.0
RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES
(where ‘I’ is the maximum allowable charge current specified
Temperature: 20°C
voltage immediately after shorting may lead to a
1
23
Details on the charge voltage, charge current and charge
Select the protective resistor in such a way that the charge
circuit are given for each type of battery.
current which will flow to the battery when the diode is
45
00
1 1time (hours)
2323
Recovery
Selection
4545
Recovery
Recoverytime
time(hours)
(hours)
destroyed is less than the value given in the table on the next
Conditions of UL approval
page.
The maximum charge current must be restricted to 300mA
battery.
when protective components have been subjected to short- or
Installation
IC
ICIC
IC
IC
ICIC
ICIC
open-circuiting.
To protect the battery from being charged in the event of the
destruction of the diode, install a protective resistor in series
with the battery.
(A) 2-cell 6V usage
(B) Parallel usage
(C) UL conditions
2. Battery replacement
Replacement by qualified engineer
PRIMARY BATTERIES
These batteries are intended for use as a part of an electrical
Example
circuit in equipment and any battery with an asterisk ‘ * ’ in
Since Lithium primary batteries are not rechargeable, use a
When a CR-2477 (1,000mAh) coin type battery is to be used
the table on the next page should only be replaced by a quali-
reverse current blocking diode and a protective resistor in
for 5 years, a reverse current preventing diode with a reverse
fied engineer.
series where there is the possibility of charging in the equip-
current of 0.7μA or less is required.
Replacement by user
ment circuit.
Calculation method
Those Lithium batteries which are not accompanied by an
Reverse current blocking diode
1,000mAh (CR-2477) x ≤ 3% (coin type battery) = ≤ 30mAh
asterisk ‘ * ’ in the table on the next page and which include
Diode used
30mAh ÷ usage period (5 years x 365 days x 24 hours) = 0.7μA
the use of up to four of them in series or in parallel may be
Use a low leak current diode (this current varies with tem-
replaced by users provided that the conditions specified by
perature).
the UL Standard are met.
Use of protective resistor in series:
Selection standard
Selection and installation (UL Standard)
Use in series or in parallel
The total allowable charging amount of a battery during its
A resistor must be installed in series with the battery to limit
In replacing up to four batteries, the batteries must all be
total usage period must not be greater than 3% of the nomi-
the charge current which will flow to the battery in case of
replaced with new ones at the same time. Set the maximum
nal capacity of the battery for a coin type battery or 1% for a
destruction in continuity of the reverse current preventing
allowable charge current to within the current permitted by
cylindrical battery.
diode. The maximum allowable current is specified for each
the number of batteries in series or in parallel.
battery size in the table at the right, and the resistance value
of the protective resistor is determined as:
24
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
25
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR USING, HANDLING AND DESIGNING
DESIGN FOR MEMORY BACK-UP USE
IR
IR
PRIMARY AND RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES
UL approval and maximum allowable charge current
Cylindrical type CR series for industrial
Primary Lithium batteries
Coin type BR series
Coin type BR-A series
Coin type CR series
Rechargeable Lithium batteries
Pin type BR series
Coin type VL series
Coin type ML series
Coin type MT series
26
Maximum abnormal charging current (mA)
batteries are to be used, the expected life of the batteries, and
5
temperature in the operating environment. At low operating
BR-2/3A
10
BR-2/3AG
10
BR-A*1
15
BR-AG*1
15
BR-C*1
20
CR-2
20
CR-123A
25
2CR-5
25
VB
(A) 2-cell 6V usage
IF
IC
IC
IC
IC
VBB
B
(B) Parallel
usage
environment temperatures, the consumption current of the
ICs drops but the discharge voltage of the batteries will also
decrease. Also it is important to note that the capacity dete-
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
rioration of batteries in long-term use becomes significant at
high operating environment temperatures.
CR-P2
25
CR-V3
25
CR-2/3AZ
25
CR-AG*1
25
BR-1220
3
BR-1225
3
BR-1632
4
BR-2032
5
BR-2325
5
BR-2330
5
BR-3032
5
BR-1225A
3
BR-1632A
4
BR-2330A*1
5
BR-2450A*1
5
BR-2477A*1
5
CR-1025
2
CR-1216
3
CR-1220
3
CR-1612
3
CR-1616
4
Since Lithium primary batteries are not rechargeable, use of
CR-1620
4
a reverse current blocking diode and a protective resistor in
CR-1632
4
CR-2012
10
series is required where there is the possibility of charging
CR-2016
10
in the equipment circuit. Use a diode with a low leak current
CR-2025
10
CR-2032
10
as the reverse current blocking diode. To maintain the char-
CR-2330
10
acteristics of a coin type Lithium battery, the total charging
CR-2354
10
CR-2412
10
amount of the battery during its total usage period must be
CR-2450
30
kept within 3% of the nominal capacity of the battery.
CR-2477
10
CR-3032
10
BR-425
0.1
BR-435
0.2
VL-621*1
300
used in a memory back-up power supply for 5 years, charging
VL-1220
300
VL-2020
300
by the leak current of the reverse current blocking diode
VL-2320
300
should
5.0 be no greater than 30mAh (= 3% of 1,000mAh), thus:
VL-2330
300
VL-3032
300
30mAh ÷ usage period (5 years x 365
ML-421
300
ML-614
300
ML-621
300
ML-920
300
ML-1220
300
ML-2020*1
300
MT-516
300
MT-621
300
MT-920
300
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Please read ‘Conditions for compliance with UL Standard’ carefully.
IR
VB
Memory back-up circuit and holding voltage
The circuit typically used for memory back-up is shown in the
(C) UL conditions
(D) UL conditions
figure on the right. The memory holding voltage is expressed
(When a protective resistor (Protective diode)
as: VB - VF - IF x R > memory holding voltage of IC.
has been inserted)
IR
VF
IF
R
VB
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
B
Reverse current blocking diode
Charge test results assuming diode leakage current
IC
BR-2/3A (cylindrical type) Charge test
IC
5.0
Temperature: 20°C
Charge current: 100µA
4.5
Voltage (V)
Cylindrical type CR series
varies with temperature.
4.0
100
IC
IC
4.5
4.0
Charge
to 3%
Charge than
to 1% 0.7μA must
current is not greater
be selected.
of capacity
of capacity
3.5
3.0
Allowable
total charging amount
Within 3% for100
coin type 200
batteries
300
Within 1% for cylindrical
typetime
batteries
Charge
(hours)
4.0
400
Temperature: 20°C
Load resistance: 1kΩ
3.0
1% charge
before
charge
2.0
3%
charge
1.0
0
400
300
BR-2/3A (cylindrical type) Discharge test after charging
0.7μA.
In other words, a leak current blocking diode whose reverse
200
Charge time (hours)
For example, assuming that a CR-2477 (1,000mAh) will be
Temperature: 20°C
Charge
100µA =
days
x current:
24 hours)
Charge to 3%
of capacity
Charge to 1%
of capacity
3.5
3.0
Voltage (V)
Cylindrical type BR series
F
IR
VF
B
R
When selecting batteries, give consideration to such factors
as the current consumption of the equipment in which the
UL approval
IR
R
VF
VBB
R
IF
Note that the leak current of reverse current blocking diodes
BR-1/2AA
Model number
IF
VF
Selecting batteries
Voltage (V)
Shape
VF
1
Voltage (V)
1
0
100
200
300
400
500
Duration (hours)
UL approval
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
27
2
PRIMARY LITHIUM BATTERIES
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES)
STATE-OF-THE-ART
LITHIUM PRIMARY
BATTERIES
2
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES
(BR SERIES) – CYLINDRICAL TYPE LITHIUM BATTERIES
Our Panasonic Poly-Carbonmonofluoride Lithium batteries (BR series) are ideal for applications such as meters or smoke detectors which demand either long-term power supply
reliability or need to handle a wide temperature range.
FEATURES
APPLICATIONS
Operating temperature range: between -40°C ~ +85°C
Self discharge rate at 20°C is just 0.5% per year
Heat cost allocators
Water & gas meters
Car alarm
Superior long-term reliability
Years of experience in production
Smoke detectors
Tracking & RFID
Marine devices, etc.
Model number*1
Electrical characteristics at 20°C
Nominal
Nominal*2
voltage (V)
capacity (mAh)
Dimensions with tube (mm)
Diameter
Total height
Approx.
weight (g)
IEC
BR-1/2AA*3
3
1,000
14.5
25.5
8.0
BR-2/3A
3
1,200
17.0
33.5
13.5
BR17335
BR-2/3AG
3
1,450
17.0
33.5
13.5
BR17335
BR-A
3
1,800
17.0
45.5
18.0
–
BR-AG
3
2,200
17.0
45.5
18.0
–
BR-C
3
5,000
26.0
50.5
42.0
–
–
VIDEO
3D ILLUSTRATION *4
1
2
Scan QR code
to view product
series video.
Lithium battery technologies are becoming increasingly important. Due to their high
voltage, low self-discharge and proven reliability, they can power a broad range
of sophisticated applications. Innovative Lithium technologies by Panasonic are
1 Positive pole
2 Gasket
3 Separator
4 Cathode (Carbonmonofluoride)
5 Anode (Lithium)
6 Insulator
7 Tube
8 Positive pole platform
9 Cell can
10 Collector
11 Negative pole
3
VIDEO
4
5
extremely long-lasting under severe conditions (BR series) or feature top pulse
currents (CR series) with a 3-volt voltage.
28
7
8
9
10
6
11
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 G indicates higher capacity versions.
* 2 Capacity based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to 2.0V or 4.0V at 20°C.
* 3 Operating temperature range is from - 40°C ~ + 100°C.
*4 The illustration shows only one example of Lithium battery structure.
Scan QR code
to view 3D animated video.
29
2
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES)
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES)
2
+0
Ø17.0 −1.0
BR-2/3A
DIMENSIONS (MM)
BR-2/3AG
+0
Ø17.0 −1.0
DIMENSIONS (MM)
+0
+0
25.5 −1.5
+0
33.5 −1.5
33.5 −1.5
+0
+0
Ø14.5 −1.0
BR-A
+0
Ø17.0 −1.0
45.5 −1.5
BR-1/2AA
Model number
BR-1/2AA
Model number
BR-2/3A
Model number
BR-2/3AG
Model number
BR-A
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
1,000
Nominal capacity (mAh)
1,200
Nominal capacity (mAh)
1,450
Nominal capacity (mAh)
1,800
Diameter (mm)
14.5
Diameter (mm)
17.0
Diameter (mm)
17.0
Diameter (mm)
17.0
Total height (mm)
25.5
Total height (mm)
33.5
Total height (mm)
33.5
Total height (mm)
45.5
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-40 to +100
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-40 to +85
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-40 to +85
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-40 to +85
Weight (g)
8.0
Weight (g)
13.5
Weight (g)
13.5
Weight (g)
18.0
23°C
2.5
0°C
2.0
-30°C
1.5
1.0
0
50
100
150
200
250
350
400
2.5
1.5
1.0
2.0
1.0
450 500
20°C
0°C
-20°C
-40°C
Load: 1kΩ
3.0
2.0
0
1.5
300
45°C
0
100
0°C
200
300
400
-20°C
-40°C
Duration (hours)
500
100
200
300
400
Duration (hours)
500
Duration (hours)
600
600
Voltage (V) Voltage (V)
OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
30
3.2
3.0
2.8
2.6
3.2
2.4
3.0
2.2
2.8
2.0
2.6
1.8
2.4
1.6
2.2
1.4
2.00.001
1.8
1.6
1.4
0.001
0.01
0.01
85°C
60°C
45°C
20°C
0°C
85°C
60°C
-20°C
45°C
20°C
-40°C
0°C
0.1
1
10
100 1,000 10,000
Discharge current (mA) -20°C
-40°C
0.1
1
10
100 1,000 10,000
Discharge current (mA)
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Voltage at 50% discharge depth.
3.5
3.5
3.0
3.0
2.5
2.5
2.0
2.0
1.5
1.5
1.0
1.0
0.5
0.5 0
0
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
3.5
60°C
60°C
-10°C
-10°C
100
100
Load: 1kΩ
Load: 1kΩ
20°C
20°C
200
200
300 400
500
300
400(hours)
500
Duration
Duration (hours)
600
600
700
700
0.1
1
10
100
0.1
1 current
10 (mA)
100
Discharge
Discharge current (mA)
1,000
1,000
Load: 1kΩ
60°C 45°C 20°C 0°C
Load: 1kΩ
2.5
2.0
-20°C -40°C
2.0
1.5
-20°C -40°C
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000
Duration (hours)
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000
Duration (hours)
OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
60°C
60°C
20°C
20°C
0°C
0°C
-20°C
-20°C
0.01
0.01
60°C 45°C 20°C 0°C
3.0
2.5
1.5
1.0
0
1.0
0
800
800
OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
3.2
3.2
3.0
3.0
2.8
2.8
2.6
2.6
2.4
2.4
2.2
2.2
2.0
2.0
1.8
1.8
1.6
1.6
1.4
1.4
0.001
0.001
3.5
3.0
Voltage
Voltage
(V) (V)
Voltage (V)
3.0
85°C
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Voltage
Voltage
(V) (V)
Load: 1kΩ
3.5
2.5
Load: 1kΩ
Voltage
(V)(V)
Voltage
3.5
Voltage (V) Voltage (V)
85°C
45°C
20°C
DISCHARGE 3.0
TEMPERATURE
CHARACTERISTICS
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Voltage
(V)(V)
Voltage
3.5
10,000
10,000
3.2
3.0
3.2
2.8
3.0
2.6
2.8
2.4
2.6
2.2
2.4
2.0
2.2
1.8
2.0
1.6
1.8
1.4
1.6
0.001
1.4
0.001
60°C
20°C
60°C
20°C
0°C
0.01
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
Discharge current (mA)
0.1
1
10
100
Discharge current (mA)
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Voltage at 50% discharge depth.
-20°C
0°C
-20°C
1,000 10,000
1,000 10,000
31
2
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES)
+0
Ø17.0 −1.0
BR-AG
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR CONSUMER)
+0
Ø26.0 −1.0
2
BR-C
DIMENSIONS (MM)
50.5 −2.0
+0
+0
45.5 −1.5
Model number
BR-AG
Model number
BR-C
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
2,200
Nominal capacity (mAh)
5,000
Diameter (mm)
17.0
Diameter (mm)
26.0
Total height (mm)
45.5
Total height (mm)
50.5
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-40 to +85
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-40 to +85
Weight (g)3.5
18.0
Weight (g)
42.0
85°C
-10°C
60°C 20°C
-30°C
3.0
Voltage (V)
1.5
1.0
Load: 1kΩ
2.5
0 100 200 300 -10°C
400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000
2.0
-30°C
Duration
(hours)
1.5
1.0
0
3.2
3.0
2.8
2.6
60°C
2.4
20°C
2.2 3.2
2.0 3.0
0°C
1.8 2.8
-20°C
1.6 2.6
60°C
1.4 2.4
20°C
2.2 0.01
0.001
0.1
1
10
100 1,000 10,000
2.0
Discharge current (mA)
0°C
1.8
-20°C
1.6
1.4
0.001 0.01
0.1
1
10
100 1,000 10,000
Discharge current (mA)
Voltage (V)
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.5
85°C
2.5
1.5
0
APPLICATIONS
Operating temperature range: between -40°C ~ +70°C
Good pulse capability
Medical equipment
Door lock systems
Stable voltage level during discharge
S elf discharge rate at 20°C just 1% per year
Marine devices
Cameras
High energy flashlights
Sanitary equipment, etc.
Load: 8Ω
60°C 45°C
20°C
2.0
1.5
-40°C
0
10
15
Duration (hours)
-20°C
5
10
Duration (hours)
20
0°C
15
20
OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
3.2
60°C
3.0
45°C
20°C
2.8
2.6
3.2
2.4
3.0
2.2
2.8
2.0
2.6
1.8
2.4
1.6
2.2
1.4 2.0
0.001
1.80.01
1.6
60°C
0°C
45°C
20°C
0°C
-20°C
-40°C
-20°C
0.1
1
10
100 1,000 10,000
-40°C
Discharge current (mA)
1.4
0.001 0.01
Model number
Electrical characteristics at 20°C
Nominal
Nominal*1
voltage (V)
capacity (mAh)
Dimensions with tube (mm)
Diameter
Total height
Approx.
weight (g)
IEC
CR-2* 2
3
850
15.6
27.0
11
CR15H270
CR-123A* 2
3
1,400
17.0
34.5
17
CR17345
2CR-5*
2
6
1,400
34.0 x 17.0
45.0
38
2CR5
CR-P2* 2
6
1,400
35.0 x 19.5
36.0
37
CRP2
CR-V3*
3
3,300
28.4 x 14.4
52.0
39
–
Load: 8Ω
20°C0°C
-20°C
5
-40°C
1.0
0.5
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000
Duration (hours)
OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
Voltage (V)
60°C 45°C
2.5
Voltage (V)
2.0
3.5
FEATURES
DISCHARGE
TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
3.0
2.5
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Voltage (V)
3.0
Panasonic Photo-Lithium CR type cylindrical batteries come as either single cells or dual
cell packs. All cylindrical type Manganese Dioxide (CR series) Lithium batteries feature a
spiral structure. With the enlarged electrode surface areas, they permit a current as high
as several amperes to be drawn.
Load: 1kΩ
Voltage (V)
60°C 20°C
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR
CONSUMER) – CYLINDRICAL TYPE LITHIUM BATTERIES
0.1
1
10
100 1,000 10,000
Discharge current (mA)
2
3D ILLUSTRATION *3
1 Positive pole
2 Vent diaphragm
3 Gasket
4 Separator
5 Anode (Lithium)
6 Cathode (Manganese Dioxide)
7 Tube
8 Insulator
9 PTC (Positive Temperature
Coefficient Device)
10 Collector
11 Cell can
12 Negative pole
1
2
3
8
9
10
4
11
5
6
7
8
32
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Voltage at 50% discharge depth.
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Capacity based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to 2.0V or 4.0V at 20°C.
* 2 In case of usage below 20mA discharge please consult Panasonic.
* 3 The illustration shows only one example of Lithium battery structure.
12
33
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR CONSUMER)
CR-2
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR CONSUMER)
CR-123A
2CR-5
DIMENSIONS (MM)
35.0 −1.5
16.8
+0
1.0
+0
19.5 −0.4
1.2
+0
16.0
+0
36.0 −0.4
+0
Model number
CR-2
Model number
CR-123A
Model number
2CR-5
Model number
CR-P2
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
6
Nominal voltage (V)
6
Nominal capacity (mAh)
850
Nominal capacity (mAh)
1,400
Nominal capacity (mAh)
1,400
Nominal capacity (mAh)
1,400
Diameter (mm)
15.6
Diameter (mm)
17.0
Diameter (mm)
34.0 x 17.0
Diameter (mm)
35.0 x 19.5
Total height (mm)
27.0
Total height (mm)
34.5
Total height (mm)
45.0
Total height (mm)
36.0
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-40 to +70*1
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-40 to +70*1
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-40 to +70*1
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-40 to +70*1
Weight (g)
11.0
Weight (g)
17.0
Weight (g)
38.0
Weight (g)
37.0
60˚C
2.5
20˚C
-10˚C
2.0
-20˚C
1.5
0.5
400
600
800
1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600
Duration (cycle)
-20°C
1.5
1.0
200
20°C
-10°C
400
800
1,200
1,600
Duration (cycle)
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Please consult Panasonic for use below and above -20°C to +60°C.
2,000
2,400
5.0
20°C
-10°C
4.0
-20°C
3.0
1.0
7.0
Pulse pattern: 900mA 3sec ON-27sec OFF
(one cycle)
6.0
60°C
60°C
5.0
20°C
-10°C
4.0
-20°C
3.0
2.0
2.0
0
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Pulse pattern: 900mA 3sec ON-27sec OFF
(one cycle)
6.0
2.0
0.5
7.0
60°C
2.5
1.0
0
Pulse pattern: 900mA 3sec ON-27sec OFF
(one cycle)
3.0
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
3.5
Pulse pattern: 900mA 3sec ON-27sec OFF
(one cycle)
3.0
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Voltage (V)
3.5
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Voltage (V)
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
34
12.0±1.0
0.75
0.2
10.0±1.5
45.0 −0.3
+0
27.0 −0.7
+0
34.5 −0.7
15.6 −0.5
+0
DIMENSIONS (MM)
+0
17.0 −0.6
2
CR-P2
+0
34.0 −0.3
17.0 −0.5
2
0
400
800
1,200
1,600
Duration (cycle)
2,000
2,400
1.0
0
400
800
1,200 1,600
Duration (cycle)
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Please consult Panasonic for use below and above -20°C to +60°C.
2,000
2,400
35
2
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR CONSUMER)
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR PROFESSIONALS)
2
14.1
12.5
CR-V3
+0.2
52.0 −0.4
DIMENSIONS (MM)
20.0
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR
PROFESSIONALS) – CYLINDRICAL TYPE LITHIUM BATTERIES
Ideal for industrial equipment, this series offers both excellent high-rate discharge performance and a long service life of up to ten years.
14.4 ±0.2
28.4±0.2
Model number
CR-V3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
3,300
Diameter (mm)
28.4 x 14.4
Total height (mm)
52.0
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-40 to +70*1
Weight (g)
39.0
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
3.5
Pulse discharge: ON-1800mA,3sec OFF-27sec
(one cycle)
Voltage (V)
3.0
60°C
2.5
FEATURES
Stable impedance throughout battery life
Operating temperature range: between -40°C ~ +70°C
High discharge characteristics
Long-term reliability
Medical equipment
E-Call
Tracking & RFID
Smoke detectors
Self discharge rate at 20°C is just 1% per year
Alarm systems
Marine devices, etc.
Model number
Electrical characteristics at 20°C
Nominal
Nominal*1
voltage (V)
capacity (mAh)
Dimensions with tube (mm)
Diameter
Total height
Approx.
weight (g)
IEC
CR-2/3AZ
3
1,600
17
33.5
17
–
CR-AG
3
2,400
17
45.5
24
–
20°C
2.0
0°C
1.5
3D ILLUSTRATION *2
-20°C
0
500
1,000
1,500
2,000
Duration (cycle)
2,500
3,000
1 Positive pole
2 Vent diaphragm
3 Tube
4 Anode (Lithium)
5 Separator
6 Cathode (Manganese Dioxide)
7 Insulator
8 PTC
(Positive Temperature
Coefficient Device)
9 Collector
10 Cell can
11 Negative pole
2
7
8
9
3
10
1
4
5
6
7
36
APPLICATIONS
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Please consult Panasonic for use below and above -20°C to +60°C.
11
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Capacity based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to 2.0V or 4.0V at 20°C.
* 2 The illustration shows only one example of Lithium battery structure.
37
2
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR PROFESSIONALS)
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES)
2
+0
Ø17.0 −1.0
CR-2/3AZ
CR-AG
+0
Ø17.0 −1.0
DIMENSIONS (MM)
+0
33.5 −1.5
45.5
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES
(BR SERIES) – COIN TYPE LITHIUM BATTERIES
Panasonic Lithium BR coin type batteries feature high energy density, and were developed
and commercialized using Panasonic‘s extensive experience in battery technology. They
exhibit stable performance under high ambient temperatures.
FEATURES
Model number
CR-2/3AZ
Model number
CR-AG
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
1,600
Nominal capacity (mAh)
2,400
Diameter (mm)
17.0
Diameter (mm)
17.0
Total height (mm)
33.5
Total height (mm)
45.5
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-40 to +70
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-40 to +70
Weight (g)
17.0
Weight (g)
24.0
PULSE DISCHARGE PERFORMANCE
3.0
-10°C
2.0
-30°C
1.5
1.0
0
200
400
600
800
1,000
Depth of discharge (mAh)
1,200
1,400
1,600
Operation voltage (V)
Operation voltage (V)
Base load: 300kΩ
Pulse condition: 300mA-1s
20°C
60°C
2.5
Self discharge rate at 20°C is just 1.0% per year
Wide operating temperature range: between -30°C ~ +80°C
20°C
3.0
60°C
Base load: 300kΩ
2.5
-10°C
2.0
-30°C
1.5
1.0
0
400
Tracking & RFID
Memory back-up
Meters, etc.
Superior long-term reliability
Years of experience in production
Model number
Electrical characteristics at 20°C
Nominal
Nominal*1
voltage (V)
capacity (mAh)
Dimensions with tube (mm)
Diameter
Total height
Approx.
weight (g)
IEC
BR-1220
3
35
12.5
2.0
0.7
–
BR-1225
3
48
12.5
2.5
0.8
BR1225
BR-1632
3
120
16.0
3.2
1.5
–
BR-2032
3
200
20.0
3.2
2.5
–
BR-2325
3
165
23.0
2.5
3.0
BR2325
BR-2330
3
255
23.0
3.0
3.2
–
BR-3032
3
500
30.0
3.2
5.5
–
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
3.5
3.5
APPLICATIONS
800
1,200
1,600
Depth of discharge (mAh)
2,000
2,400
3D ILLUSTRATION *2
1
2
3
4
5
6
Negative pole
Anode (Lithium)
Separator
Gasket
Positive pole (cell can)
Cathode
(Poly-Carbonmonofluoride)
1
2
3
4
5
6
38
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to 2.0V at 20°C.
* 2 The illustration shows only one example of Lithium battery structure.
39
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES)
BR-1220
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES)
BR-1225
BR-1632
DIMENSIONS (MM)
BR-2032
DIMENSIONS (MM)
+0
Ø16.0 −0.3
3.2 −0.3
+0
+0
+0
2.0 −0.2
2.5 −0.3
0.2
BR-1220
Model number
BR-1225
Model number
BR-1632
Model number
BR-2032
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
35
Nominal capacity (mAh)
48
Nominal capacity (mAh)
120
Nominal capacity (mAh)
200
Diameter (mm)
16.0
Diameter (mm)
20.0
Total height (mm)
3.2
Total height (mm)
3.2
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +80
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +80
20°C
-30 to +80
-10°C
Load: 30kΩ (90μA)
0.8
60°C
2.5
Discharging temperature range (°C)
Weight (g) 3.0
2.0
50
-10°C
20°C
100 -10°C
150 200
250 300
350
Duration (hours)
0
50
100
0
50
100
150 200
250 300
150Duration
200 (hours)
250 300
400
450
350
400
450
350
400
450
2.03.0
2
1
31
2
3
2
3 4
1
Voltage (V)
6 8 10
0.5
0.3
2
3 4
6 8 10
2
31 4
6 8 0.3
10
0.5
1
0.5
0.3
2.6
2.4
3.4
2.2
3.2
60°C
20°C
-10°C
20°C
4
6
0.5
8 10
6
0.3
8 10
4 0.5 6
80.310
4
200
500
600
300
400
500
20
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
40
60 80 100
Cut
0.1 off voltage:
0.05 2.0V
0.03
20 Cut off 40
60 2.0V
80 100
voltage:
40 0.0560 80
100
0.2 20 0.1
0.03
0.2
0
2.5
2.0
250
0
250
1,000
20°C
Duration (hours)
-10°C
500
0.3 0.4 0.6
5
1
1
1
5
2
3
0.1
6
8 10
0.5
3 4
2
0.3
6
1
20
10
5
1
0.3
2
3 4
1
6
0.5
500
040
4 5 6
Load: (kΩ)
30
(mA)
0.5
2060
750
1,000
45°C
60°C
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
8 10
0.3
0°C
-10°C
20°C
20
0.2
20°C
45°C
1050
60°C
The data in this
document
purposes
are not
guarantee or warranty.
1 are for
0.5 descriptive
0.3
0.2
0.1only and
0.05
0.03intended to make or imply any040
(mA)
4 5 6 8 10
20
Load: (kΩ)
*1 Voltage at 50% discharge depth.
30
(mA)
0.5
0.3
0.2
20°C
20
45°C
30
40 50 60 80 100
0°C
0.05
-10°C
0.1
0.03
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
30
0.1
60°C
3.0
3.2
2.8
2.4
3.0
2.2
2.6
-10°C
60°C
1,500
1,250
1,500
2.5
-10°C
0.1
-10°C
2.5
-10°C
60°C
2.0
1.8
2.4
Load: (MΩ)
2.2
(μA)
0.1
Load: (MΩ)
0.1
8 10
0.3
1
3
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
20
10
5
200
400
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
5
3 4
2
1.8
0
200 -10°C400
0
200
40 50 60 80 100
0.05
0°C
-10°C
0.03
1,400
600
800
1,000
1,200
1,400
400
600
800
1,000
1,200
1,400
3.4
3 4
6 8 10
0.5
3 4
1
0.3
0.3
6 8 10
0.5
0.3
2.8
3.2
2.6
3.0
2.4
Load:2.2
(MΩ)
3.0
(μA)
-20°C
-10°C
20°C
60°C
80°C
2.8
2.2
20
60°C
10
5
80°C
3
2.6
0.1
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
Load: (MΩ)
2.4
20
10 20°C 5
(μA)
60°C
2.2
80°C
CAPACITY VS. LOAD
RESISTANCE
0.1
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
20
-20°C
-10°C
2
3 4
20°C 1
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
0.1
2.8
Load: (MΩ)
240
(μA)
140
1,200
3.0
3.4 2.6
3.2 2.4
6 8 10
0.5
1
2
2
1,000
3.4
1
2
1
3
800
OPERATING 3.2
VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
2
1
600
Duration (hours)
Duration (hours)
2
3
Load: 15kΩ (180μA)
20°C
2.0
20°C
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
20°C
20
10
5
Load: 15kΩ (180μA)
Duration (hours)
20°C
-10°C
60°C
Load: 15kΩ (180μA)
20°C
3.0 1.8
2.0 0
10
5
2
1
2
-20°C
-10°C
3
2
1
3
1
2
2
3 4
1
3 4
1
6 8 10
0.5
0.3
6 8 10
0.5
0.3
6 8 10
0.5
0.3
200
60°C
140
100
30
1050
3.0
2.6
120
40
2060
3.2
2.8
2.8
2.4
Load: (MΩ)
2.6
2.2
(μA)
8 10
0.5
2
3
1,250
Duration (hours)
CAPACITY VS.(μA)
LOAD RESISTANCE
20
10
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
1,000
1,500
3.2
3 4
2
0.3 0.4 0.6
10
2
3
750
1,250
1
OPERATING3.0VOLTAGE
60°C VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT*
-10°C
10
Load: 30kΩ (90μA)
20°C
-10°C
750
500
2.520°C
Duration (hours)
3.0
Capacity (mAh)
250
0
2.0
600
80°C
60°C
80°C
60°C
2.8
0.120°C 0.2
Load: (MΩ) -10°C
2.6
(μA)
20
2.43.4
2.2
3.2
80°C
3.0
60°C
2.8
0.120°C 0.2
Load: (MΩ)
-10°C
2.6
(μA)
20
2.4
2.2
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity
(mAh)
Capacity
Capacity
(mAh) (mAh)
20°C
60°C
-10°C
-10°C
20
0
2
10
Load: (kΩ)
10
1
(mA)
0
2
Load: (kΩ)
0
2
1
Load: (mA)
(kΩ)
400
20°C
Duration (hours)
-10°C
Duration (hours)
Load: (MΩ)
60
(μA)
50
60°C
30
10
20
300
CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE
40
40
20
30
100
Voltage (V)
3
2
CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE
30
40
3.0
Voltage (V)
Voltage
(V) Voltage
(V)
Voltage
(V)
1
200
1
OPERATING2.8VOLTAGE
20°C VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT*
60°C
20°C
-10°C
60°C
20°C
60°C
-10°C
20°C
-10°C 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
Load:2.4
(MΩ) 0.1
2.2
(μA)
20
10
5
2.2
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
Load: (MΩ) 0.1
(μA) 0.1 20 0.2 0.3
10 0.4 0.6
5
Load: (MΩ)
(μA)
20
10
5
100
3.4 0
3.2
3.0
3.2
2.8
3.2
3.0
2.6
3.0
2.8
2.4
2.8
2.6
2.2
2.6
2.4
0
2.5
2.0
Duration (hours)
OPERATING 3.2
VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
60°C
3.0
2.5
2.0
3.0
Weight (g)
DISCHARGE
2.5 TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
3.0
2.5
-10°C
60°C
-30 to +80
160
60°C
240
45°C
60°C
20°C
120
120
200
80
20°C
-10°C
140
80
60°C
100
60
160
60°C
20°C
120
40
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
45°C
80
240
0
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
120
2
4
6-10°C
8 10
20
40 60 80 100
0
Load:100
(kΩ)
1 20°C2 3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60
100
60
200
20°C
80
(mA)
1
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 2.0V
0.03
Load (kΩ)
Cut off voltage:
80
60°C
0
-10°C
160
2
4
6 8 10
20
40 60 80 100
40
Load:60(kΩ)
45°C
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
120
(mA)
1
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.1 off voltage:
0.05 2.0V
0.03
Cut
0 guarantee or warranty.
The data in this document
are
for
descriptive
purposes
only
and
are
not
intended
to
make
or
imply
any
1
2 3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60
100
0
20°C
2
4
6 8 10
20
40 60 80 100
80
Load (kΩ)
50%(kΩ)
discharge
depth.
*1 Voltage at
Load:
(mA)
1
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
40
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
Capacity (mAh)
20°C
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
-10°C
0
2.0
2.0
Load: 30kΩ (90μA)
20°C 60°C
60°C
3.0
Discharging temperature range (°C)
60°C
Load: 30kΩ (90μA)
60°C
1.5
Load: 30kΩ (90μA)
60°C
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
20°C
500
600
20°C
Duration (hours)
-10°C
Load: 30kΩ (90μA)
2.5
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
3.0
2.5
3.0
DISCHARGE0TEMPERATURE
100
200CHARACTERISTICS
300
400
Voltage (V)
60°C
Load: 30kΩ (90μA)
Capacity (mAh)
Voltage
(V) Voltage
(V)
Voltage
(V)
DISCHARGE3.0TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Voltage (V)
Load: 30kΩ (90μA)
Weight (g)
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity Capacity
(mAh) (mAh)
0.7
60°C
VoltageVoltage
(V)
(V)
2.5
Voltage (V)Voltage (V)
12.5
Total height (mm)
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity (mAh)
Diameter (mm)
2.0
Voltage (V)
12.5
Total height (mm)
Voltage (V)
Load: 30kΩ (90μA)
Voltage (V)
3.0
Diameter (mm)
Weight (g)
40
Ø16
+0
Ø10
3.2 −0.3
Ø10
+0
Ø20.0 −0.3
Ø12
0.2
+0
Ø12.5 −0.3
0.3
+0
Ø12.5 −0.3
Model number
2.5
2.0
2.5
2
0.5
2
41
2
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES)
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES)
Lithium battery holders for BR-2032
BR-2325
BR-2330
These battery holders are designed for sure and easy load-
DIMENSIONS (MM)
DIMENSIONS (MM)
2
BR-3032
ing/removal of Panasonic coin type Lithium batteries in/from
equipment enabling the batteries to fully exploit their capabilities as the back-up power supply in C-MOS RAM memory
and microcomputer memory. All of the battery holders are
+0
Ø30.0 −0.3
+0
Ø23.0 −0.5
+0
Ø23.0 −0.5
Ø19
Ø19
0.3
0.2
Ø27
Model number
BR-3032
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
165
Nominal capacity (mAh)
255
Nominal capacity (mAh)
500
Diameter (mm)
23.0
Diameter (mm)
23.0
Diameter (mm)
Total height (mm)
2.5
Total height (mm)
3.0
Total height (mm)
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +80
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +80
-10°C -30 to +80
Discharging temperature range (°C)
Weight (g)
3.2
Weight (g)
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
18.6±0.3
18.6±0.3
18.6±0.3
2.0
3.0
Voltage (V)
24±0.3
24±0.3
24±0.3
100 200 300
gents use in the circuit board washing process and may result
in cracks forming in the holder. Please test the holders in your
800
-10°C
8,000
6,000
Duration (hours)
4,000
6,000
8,000
2,000
0
900 1,000
2,000
Duration6,000
(hours)
4,000
8,000
10,000
2,500
0
2.5
10,000
0.1
Load: (MΩ)
(μA)
200
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
20
10
1
5
3
2
2
3 4
1
6 8 10
0.5
150
100
50 0
150
1
Load: (kΩ)
0(mA)
2 2
1
Load:100
(kΩ)
(mA)
2
45°C
60°C
45°C
260°C
3 4
6
31 4
1
0.5
6
0.5
50
0.3
0.20°C 0.1
0.05 0.03
-10°C
20°C
45°C
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
60°C
*1 Voltage at 50% discharge depth.
0
Load: (kΩ)
(mA)
0°C
-10°C
20°C
0°C
-10°C
20°C Cut off voltage: 2.0V
10
20 30 40 60 100
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
0.3
0.2
0.140 60
0.05 100
0.03
10
20 30
1
2
2
3 4
1
6
0.5
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
20 30 40 60 100
10
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
-10°C
5,000 7,500 10,000 12,500 15,000 17,500 20,000
Duration (hours)
2,500
0
2,500
5,000 7,500 10,000 12,500 15,000 17,500 20,000
Duration (hours)
(μA)
20
2
0.2100.3 0.4
5 0.6 3 1 2
10
5
3
2
Voltage (V)
-20°C
-20°C
2
-20°C
3 4
1
3 4
6 8 10
0.5 0.3
6 8 10
2 1 3 4 0.5 6 0.3
8 10
2
1
2.8
Voltage (V)
60°C
80°C
0.2 60°C
0.3 0.4 0.6 20°C
1
80°C
20
10
5
3
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
1
60°C
-10°C
20°C
2.6
3.2
2.4 60°C
3.0
2.2
2.8
0.1
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
Load: (MΩ)-10°C
20°C
2.6
(μA)
20
10
5
3.2
2.4
60°C
3.0
2.2
0.5
0.3
CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE
300
250
300
20°C
200
300
250
150
20°C
250
200
20°C
100
200
150
50
150
100
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
0
100
50
1
2 3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
Load: (kΩ)
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
050
(mA)
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
1
2 3 4
6
10
20Cut30
60 2.0V
100
off40
voltage:
0
Load: (kΩ)
1
2 3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
(mA)
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
Load: (kΩ)
(mA)
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
Voltage (V)
0.1
Load: (MΩ) 0.1
Load:(μA)
(MΩ) 0.120
0.3
200
150
100
50
200
2.22.4
Load: 2.2
(MΩ)
(μA)
-10°C
20°C
-10°C
20°C -10°C
Load: 100kΩ (30μA)
3.0
OPERATING VOLTAGE
VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
3.2
3.4
3.0
3.2
3.4
2.8
3.0
3.2
2.6
60°C
80°C
5.5
5,000 7,500 10,000 12,500 15,000 17,500 20,000
Duration (hours)
Load: 100kΩ (30μA)
60°C
20°C
Duration (hours)
2.8
3.0
2.4
2.6
2.8
2.2
2.42.6
Load: 100kΩ (30μA)
3.2
2.0
10,000
3.4
OPERATING VOLTAGE
VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
Voltage (V)
CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity (mAh)
The battery holders can be adversely affected by some deter-
42
400 500 600 700
Duration (hours)
3.2
3.4
3.0
3.2
2.8
3.0
2.6
-30°C
2.8
-10°C
-20°C
2.4
2.6
20°C
-30°C
60°C
3.4
2.2
80°C
-10°C
-20°C
2.4
3.2
20°C
60°C
2.2
80°C
3.0
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
1
2
3 4
6 8 10
Load: (MΩ) 0.1
2.8(μA)
200.2 0.3
10 0.4 0.6
5
3
22
1 4
0.58 10
0.3
0.1
1
3
6
Load: (MΩ)
2.6
-30°C
(μA)
-10°C
20
10
5
3
2
1
0.5
0.3
-20°C
2.4
20°C
60°C
2.2
80°C
Capacity (mAh)
24±0.3
24±0.3
24±0.3
BCR20V4
5±0.3
5±0.31.05
1.05
27.5±0.3
27.5±0.3
27.5±0.3
Precaution for washing battery holders
washing process before use.
100 200 300
4,000
2.8
Load: (MΩ)
(μA)
2.6
0.1
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
-10°C
20
1020°C 5
1
2
3
1
1
2
3
3 4
2
3 4
2
6 8 10
0.5
1
0.3
6 8 10
0.5
0.3
2.4
CAPACITY VS.2.2LOAD RESISTANCE
Load: (MΩ)
(μA)
500
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity (mAh)
20.5±0.3
20.5±0.3
20.5±0.3
BCR20V4
BCR20V4
10±0.2
10±0.2
10±0.2
8.8±0.2
3.5±0.2
3.5±0.2
3.5±0.2
8.8±0.2
8.8±0.2
5±0.3 1.05
0.7
0.7
0.7
Dimentions of terminal top
Dimentions
of terminal
top top
Dimentions
of terminal
R0.35
R0.35
R0.35
2.0
0
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
2.2
2.2 2.2
2,000
2.5 0
3.0
2.0
-10°C
2.0 0
2.0
3.2
1.0
1.0
3.5±0.2 7.8±0.2
R0.35
R0.35
R0.35
60°C
Load: 100kΩ (29μA)
20°C
Load: 100kΩ
(29μA)
60°C
20°C
60°C
-10°C
2.5
2.0
2.5
2.0
OPERATING VOLTAGE
VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
3.4
BCR20V4 (3 terminals)
0.25
0.250.25
400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000
Duration (hours)
400 500 600 20°C
700 800 900 1,000
-10°C
Duration (hours)
25.5±0.3
25.5±0.3
25.5±0.3
3.5±0.2
3.5±0.2 7.8±0.2
7.8±0.2
1.0
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.25
0.250.25
Load: 15kΩ (180μA)
60°C
60°C
20°C
30.0
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE -10°C
CHARACTERISTICS
20°C
3.0
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0
0.1
400
60°C
300
20°C
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
20
10
5
1
3
2
2
3 4
1
6 8 10
0.5
0.3
500
200 -10°C
400
100 60°C
0
300 20°C1
Load: (kΩ)
200(mA)
500 -10°C
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
2
2
4
1
6 8 10
0.5
0.3
20
0.2
40 60 80 100
0.1
0.05 0.03
100
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
400 60°C
0
1
2or warranty.
4
6 8 10
20
40 60 80 100
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply
any
guarantee
Load:300
(kΩ) 20°C
1
(mA)
* Voltage at 50% discharge depth.
2
1
0.5
0.3 0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
200 -10°C
Capacity (mAh)
BCR20H5
BCR20H5
BCR20H5
2.5
0
100 200 300
0
Dimentions of terminal top
Dimentions
of terminal
top top
Dimentions
of terminal
3.0
20°C
-10°C
2.0 0
BCR20H5 (2 terminals)
Load: 100kΩ (29μA)
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
-10°C
2.5
Voltage (V)
3.0
Load: 15kΩ (180μA)
60°C
Load: 15kΩ (180μA)
60°C
60°C
20°C
3.0
Voltage (V)
3.0
DISCHARGE 2.5
TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
20°C
4.3
4.3 4.3
+0.1
BR-2330
Voltage (V)
24±0.3
24±0.3
24±0.3
BCR20H4
R0.35
R0.35
R0.35
Model number
3.0
1.0
1.0
3.5±0.2 7.8±0.2
0.25
0.250.25
BR-2325
Weight (g)
25.5±0.3
25.5±0.3
25.5±0.3
3.5±0.2
3.5±0.2 7.8±0.2
7.8±0.2
1.0
0.7
0.7
0.7
Dimentions of terminal top
Dimentions
of terminal
top top
Dimentions
of terminal
BCR20H4
BCR20H4
15±0.3
15±0.3
15±0.3
BCR20H4 (3 terminals)
Model number
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)Voltage (V)
BCR20V4
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)Voltage (V)
BCR20H5
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity (mAh)
BCR20H4
3.2 −0.3
+0
+0
2.5 −0.3
3.0 −0.3
0.3
designed to prevent inverted insertion of the battery.
100
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
43
2
HIGH TEMPERATURE POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES
HIGH TEMPERATURE POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES
BR-1225A
2
BR-1632A
DIMENSIONS (MM)
HIGH OPERATING TEMPERATURE POLY-CARBONMONO­
FLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR-A SERIES) – COIN TYPE
LITHIUM BATTERIES
+0
Ø16.0 −0.3
+0
Ø12.5 −0.3
APPLICATIONS
Superior design for high temperature applications -40°C ~ +125°C
Outstanding long-term reliability
Tyre Pressure Monitoring Systems (TPMS)
Electronic Toll Collection (ETC)
Years of experience in production
Self discharge rate at 20°C is just 0.5% per year
Heat cost allocators, etc.
Model number
Electrical characteristics at 20°C
Nominal
Nominal*1
voltage (V)
capacity (mAh)
Dimensions with tube (mm)
Diameter
Total height
Approx.
weight (g)
IEC
BR-1225A* 2
3
12.5
0.8
–
BR-1632A* 2
3
120
16.0
3.2
1.5
–
BR-2330A*
2
3
255
23.0
3.0
3.2
–
BR-2450A* 2
3
550
24.5
5.0
5.9
–
BR-2477A* 2
3
1,000
24.5
7.7
8.0
–
BR-1632A
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
48
Nominal capacity (mAh)
120
Diameter (mm)
12.5
Diameter (mm)
16.0
Total height (mm)
2.5
Total height (mm)
3.2
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-40 to +125
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-40 to +125
Weight (g)
0.8
Weight (g)
1.5
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
125°C
3D ILLUSTRATION
1
2
3
4
5
6
Negative pole
Anode (Lithium)
Separator
Gasket
Positive pole (cell can)
Cathode (Poly-Carbonmonofluoride)
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
3.5
Load: 30kΩ (90μA)
Load: 30kΩ (90μA)
125°C
100°C
100°C
3.0
3.0
20°C
2.5
60°C
-10°C
2.0
1.5
20°C
2.5
60°C
-10°C
2.0
0
100
200
300
400
Duration (hours)
*3
+0
Model number
Voltage (V)
2.5
3.2 −0.3
BR-1225A
3.5
48
0.2
+0
Model number
Voltage (V)
FEATURES
2.5 −0.3
The high energy density and the special material for gasket and separator make this battery
series the ideal power supply in high ambient temperature applications.
Ø13
0.3
Ø10
500
600
700
1.5
0
250
500
750
1,000
1,250
1,500
Duration (hours)
1
2
3
4
5
6
44
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to 2.0V at 20°C.
* 2 Only batteries with terminals are available.
* 3 The illustration shows only one example of Lithium battery structure.
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
45
2
HIGH TEMPERATURE POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES
BR-2330A
HIGH TEMPERATURE POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES
BR-2450A
2
BR-2477A
DIMENSIONS (MM)
DIMENSIONS (MM)
+0
Ø24.5 −0.3
+0
Ø24.5 −0.3
+0
Ø23.0 −0.5
0.3
Model number
BR-2450A
Model number
BR-2477A
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
255
Nominal capacity (mAh)
550
Nominal capacity (mAh)
1,000
Diameter (mm)
23.0
Diameter (mm)
24.5
Diameter (mm)
24.5
Total height (mm)
3.0
Total height (mm)
5.0
Total height (mm)
7.7
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-40 to +125
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-40 to +125
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-40 to +125
Weight (g)
3.2
Weight (g)
5.9
Weight (g)
8.0
125°C
20°C
2.5
60°C
-10°C
2.0
125°C
20°C 60°C
2.5
400
800
1,200
Duration (hours)
1,600
1.5
-20°C
0
400
125°C
Load: 5.1kΩ (600μA)
100°C
3.0
85°C
3.0
2.0
0
3.5
Load: 15kΩ
3.5
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
3.0
1.5
4.0
Load: 15kΩ (180μA)
100°C
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Voltage (V)
3.5
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
+0
+0
7.2
5.0 −0.3
0.5
+0
BR-2330A
7.7 −0.4
1.6
3.0 −0.3
0.1
Model number
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
46
Ø22
Ø21.2
Ø19
20°C
2.5
60°C
-10°C
2.0
800 1,200 1,600 2,000 2,400 2,800 3,200 3,600
Duration (hours)
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
0
400
800
1,200
1,600
Duration (hours)
2,000
2,400
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
47
2
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES)
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES)
CR-1025
2
CR-1216
DIMENSIONS (MM)
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES) –
COIN TYPE LITHIUM BATTERIES
+0
1.6 −0.2
CR-1025
Model number
CR-1216
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
30
Nominal capacity (mAh)
25
Diameter (mm)
10.0
Diameter (mm)
12.5 60°C
Total height (mm)
2.5
Total height (mm)
1.6
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +60
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +60
0.7
60°C
20°C
Load: 18kΩ (160μA)
2.5
DISCHARGE3.0TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
30
10.0
2.5
0.7
CR1025
3
25
12.5
1.6
0.7
CR1216
CR-1220
3
35
12.5
2.0
1.2
CR1220
CR-1612
3
40
16.0
1.2
0.8
–
CR-1616
3
55
16.0
1.6
1.2
CR1616
CR-1620
3
75
16.0
2.0
1.3
CR1620
CR-1632
3
140
16.0
3.2
1.8
–
CR-2012
3
55
20.0
1.2
1.4
CR2012
CR-2016
3
90
20.0
1.6
1.6
CR2016
CR-2025
3
165
20.0
2.5
2.5
CR2025
CR-2032
3
220
20.0
3.2
3.1
CR2032
CR-2330
3
265
23.0
3.0
4.0
CR2330
CR-2354
3
560
23.0
5.4
5.9
CR2354
2.5
2.0
3.0
Load: 18kΩ (160μA)
25
50
75
0
25
50
75
2.0
0
CR-2412
3
100
24.5
1.2
2.0
–
CR-2450
3
620
24.5
5.0
6.3
CR2450
CR-2477
3
1,000
24.5
7.7
10.5
CR-3032
3
500
30.0
3.2
7.1
–
CR3032
-10°C
100
125
150
Duration (hours) 20°C
0
2.0
2.5
25
50
100
17560°C200
125
150
-10°C
Duration (hours)
175
75
175
100
125
150
200
2.5
2.5 0
Weight (g)
2.6
Load: (kΩ)20°C1
(mA)
2.4
3 4
2
2
6
0.5
3 4
1
6
0.5
10
0.3
100
0.1
0.05 0.03
20 30
100
0.1
0.05 0.03
0.2
2
3 4
CAPACITYLoad:
VS.(kΩ)
LOAD1 RESISTANCE
2
1
6
0.5
10
0.3
0.2
20 30
100
0.1
0.05 0.03
48
2
3
4
5
6
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to 2.0V at 20°C.
* 2 The illustration shows only one example of Lithium battery structure.
Scan QR code
to view 3D animated video.
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity (mAh)
40
Negative pole
Anode (Lithium)
Separator
Gasket
Positive pole (cell can)
Cathode (Manganese Dioxide)
150
200
20°C
-10°C
Duration (hours)
250
300
100
150
200
250
300
30 40 60
100
Duration (hours)
20°C
2.6
3.2
2.4
3.0
2.2
2.8
1
Load:2.6
(kΩ)
(mA)
2.4
1
20°C
2
2
20°C
3 4
6
1
2
0.5
3 4
2
10
0.3
6
1
20
0.2
10
0.5
0.3
0.1
20
0.2
0.05 0.03
30 40 60
0.1
100
0.05 0.03
2.2
(mA)
1
50
2.6(kΩ)
Load:
3.2
(mA)
2.4
3.0
2.2
2.8
CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE
Load: (kΩ)
(mA)
30
1
2
3 4
2
6
10
1
0.5
0.3
3 4
6
10
20
0.2
30 40 60
0.1
100
0.05 0.03
25
30
40
20
20°C
30
10
40
20
20°C
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
0
30(kΩ)
Load:
10
(mA)
1
20
0
Load: (kΩ)
(mA)
10
1
2
2
20°C
3 4
1
2
3 4
6
10
0.5
0.3
6
10
20 30 40 60
100
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
20 30 40 60
100
Capacity (mAh) Capacity (mAh)
Capacity (mAh)
VIDEO
100
3.0
20 30
0.2
10
0.3
50
150
200
250
300
20°C
-10°C
60°C
Load: 30kΩ (95μA)
Duration
(hours)
OPERATING 2.8
VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
2.8
3.2
1
100
3.2
3.0
2
50
0
200
OPERATING 3.2
VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
2
-10°C
Load: 30kΩ (95μA)
2.0
2.2
3D ILLUSTRATION *2
2.50
60°C
Load: 30kΩ (95μA)
CHARACTERISTICS
3.0
2.0
Duration (hours)
2.6
3.0
20°C
2.4
2.8
3.2
2.2
2.6
20°C 1
3.0
Load:
2.4(kΩ)
(mA)
2.8
2.2
20°C
0.7
3.0
DISCHARGE2.0TEMPERATURE
Voltage (V)
3
CR-1216
60°C
-10°C
20°C
Voltage (V)
Load: 18kΩ (160μA)
Voltage (V)
3.0
Voltage (V)
Weight (g)
IEC
Voltage (V) Voltage (V)Voltage (V)
Approx.
weight (g)
Voltage (V) Voltage (V)Voltage (V)
Dimensions with tube (mm)
Diameter
Total height
CR-1025
1
2
3
4
5
6
0.05
Model number
Voltage (V)
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
Electricity meters
Medical equipment
Tracking & RFID,
Vending machines,
Price tags, etc.
3.0
Electrical characteristics at 20°C
Nominal
Nominal*1
voltage (V)
capacity (mAh)
0.1
+0
2.5 −0.3
APPLICATIONS
Good pulse capability
High discharge characteristics
Stable voltage level during discharge
Long-term reliability
Self discharge rate at 20°C is just 1.0% per year
Temperature range -30°C ~ +60°C
Model number
Ø9.0
Ø7.0
Voltage (V)
FEATURES
+0
Ø12.5 −0.3
+0
Ø10.0 −0.3
These batteries have a proven track record of excellence in equipment requiring high
currents. Additionally Panasonic has many years of manufacturing experience with this
battery technology.
20
15
30
10
25
5
20
20°C
15(kΩ) 1
Load:
30
(mA) 20°C 2
10
25
5
20
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
2
1
0.5
0.3
20
0.2
30 40 60
0.1
100
0.05 0.03
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
1
3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
15
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply
any
guarantee
or2 warranty.
Load:
(kΩ)
20°C
1
Cut
off
voltage:
2.0V
* Voltage at 50% discharge depth.
(mA)
10
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
0
Load: (kΩ)
(mA)
1
2
2
3 4
1
6
0.5
10
0.3
20 30 40 60
0.2
0.1
100
0.05 0.03
5
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
49
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES)
CR-1220
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES)
CR-1612
CR-1616
DIMENSIONS (MM)
DIMENSIONS (MM)
Ø13.0
Ø12.0
Ø12.0
2.0 −0.2
0.2
+0
+0
+0
1.6 −0.2
1.2 −0.2
+0
Model number
CR-1220
Model number
CR-1612
Model number
CR-1616
Model number
CR-1620
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
35
Nominal capacity (mAh)
40
Nominal capacity (mAh)
55
Nominal capacity (mAh)
75
Diameter (mm)
12.5
Diameter (mm)
16.0
Diameter (mm)
16.0
Diameter (mm)
16.0
Total height (mm)
2.0
Total height (mm)
1.2
Total height (mm)
1.6
Total height (mm)
2.0
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +60
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +60
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +60
Discharging temperature
range (°C)
20°C
60°C
-30 to +60
-10°C
20°C
20°C-10°C
2.5
2.5
2.0
0
0
-10°C
100
100
100
200
2.03.0
2.5
60°C
60°C
300
400
Duration (hours)
200
300
400
200 Duration
300(hours) 400
500
2.5
2.0
0
100
-10°C
20°C
-10°C
20°C
200
300
0
100
200
0
100
200
Voltage (V)
Voltage
(V)
Voltage
(V)
3.0
3.2
2.8
3.2
3.0
20°C
2.6
3.0
2.8
2.4
20°C
2.8
2.6
20°C
2.2
2.6
2.4
2.4
1
2 3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
Load:2.2
(kΩ)
2.2
(mA)
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
1
2 3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
Load: (kΩ)
1
2
3
4
6
10
20
30
40
60 100
(mA)
Load: (kΩ)
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
(mA)
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE
500
600
400
500
600
Duration (hours)
300
400
500
600
20°C
20°C
2.0
2.5
2.5
0
100
2.0
2.0
0
0
3.2
200
20°C
2.22.6
2.8
2.02.4
2.6
0.1
Load: (kΩ)
2.2
2.4
(mA)
2.0
2.2 0.1
Load:
2.0(kΩ)
(mA)
0.1
Load: (kΩ)
(mA)
20°C
1
10
2
1
100
0.5 0.3 0.2
1
10
0.1 0.05 0.03
100
1 2
1
0.5 0.3100.2
0.1 0.05 0.03
100
2
1
0.5 0.3 0.2
0.1 0.05 0.03
CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity
Capacity
(mAh)(mAh)
60°C
Load: 30kΩ (95μA)
-10°C
20°C
60°C
Load: 30kΩ (95μA)
2.5
3.0
2.0
0
2.0
2.5
0
100
200
-10°C 300
400
100
200
300
200
300
400
200Duration
300
(hours) 400
500
500
600
600
0
2.8
3.2
2.6
3.2
3.0
2.4
3.0
2.8
2.2
2.8
2.6
2.6
2.4(kΩ)
Load:
2.4
2.2(mA)
2.2
Load: (kΩ)
Load:(mA)
(kΩ)
(mA)
40
800
900 1,000
400
500
600 700
800
900 1,000
100
200
300
400
500
800
900 1,000
600 700
Duration (hours)
OPERATING3.0VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
60°C
3.2
2.8
20°C
3.0
2.6
20°C
60°C
60°C
-10°C
20°C
1
2
20°C
2
-10°C
1
1
-10°C
2
2
2
2
2.8
2.4
3.2
3 4
1
6
0.5
10
0.3
20
0.2
30 40 60
0.1
100
0.05 0.03
3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
2.4
2.8
1
Load:2.2
(kΩ)
2.6
(mA)
20°C
20°C2
3 4
2
2.4
1
Load: (kΩ)
2.2
(mA)
1
2
2
1
6 8 10
0.5
3 4
1
2
2
1
20
0.3 0.2
6 8 10
0.5
3 4
(kΩ)
CAPACITYLoad:
VS. (mA)
LOAD RESISTANCE
80
60°C
20°C
2.6
2.2
3.0
CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE
50
600 700
Duration (hours)
2.0
100
100
500
Duration (hours)
3.2
3.0
20°C
2.42.8
3.0
600
3.2
3.0
2.63.0
3.2
500
Duration (hours)
OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
2.83.2
-10°C
300 -10°C400
-10°C
20°C
DISCHARGE
TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
3.0
2.5
60°C
Load: 30kΩ (95μA)
Load: 30kΩ (95μA)
60°C
60°C
-10°C
Load: 30kΩ (95μA)
1.3
Duration (hours)
50
40
45
35
40
20°C
3040
35 50
20°C
40
35
25
30 45
35
30
25 40
20
50
20°C
20°C
30
20 35
25
45
15
20°C
15
40
25
30
20
10
20°C
10 25
35
20
515
5 30
20
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
15
010
00.1
25
15
1
10
100
1
2 3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
5
Load:10
(kΩ)
20
10
Load:
(kΩ)
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
(mA)
15
50
5
(mA)
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
2
1 0.5 0.3 0.2
0.1
0.05
0.03
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
Cut
2.0V 100
1
2 3 4
6
10
20off voltage:
30 40 60
10
00.1
Load:0 (kΩ)
1
10
100
2 3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
5(kΩ)
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
(mA) 1
Load: (kΩ)
Load:
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
00.1
(mA)
(mA)
2
1
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05
0.03
1
10
100
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
(kΩ)
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or implyLoad:
any guarantee
or warranty.
(mA)
2
1 0.5 0.3 0.2
0.1 0.05 0.03
*1 Voltage at 50% discharge depth.
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity
(mAh)
Capacity
(mAh)
20°C
2.5
3.0
3.0
Duration (hours)
Voltage (V)
Voltage
Voltage
(V) (V)
3.2
400
300
Duration (hours)
OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
Load: 30kΩ (95μA)
Duration (hours)
2.0
500
500
Load: 30kΩ (95μA)
60°C
20°C
60°C
-10°C
2.53.5
3.0
Load: 30kΩ (95μA)
60°C
Load: 30kΩ (95μA)
Load: 30kΩ (95μA)
DISCHARGE3.0TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
CHARACTERISTICS
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
Voltage
(V)
Voltage
(V)
20°C
3.0
3.0
2.5
Weight (g)
1.2
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)Voltage (V)
Load: 30kΩ (95μA)
Load: 30kΩ (95μA)
60°C
3.0 TEMPERATURE
DISCHARGE
3.5
Weight (g)
3.0
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity (mAh)
Voltage (V)
Voltage
Voltage
(V) (V)
DISCHARGE3.0TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
0.8
Voltage
Voltage
(V) (V)Voltage (V)
Weight (g) 3.5
1.2
Voltage
Voltage
(V) (V)Voltage (V)
Weight (g)
50
0.05
+0
Ø16.0 −0.3
0.03
+0
Ø16.0 −0.3
2.0 −0.3
Ø9.0
+0
Ø16.0 −0.3
0.3
+0
Ø12.5 −0.3
0
2.0
2.0
2
CR-1620
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity
(mAh)
Capacity
(mAh)
2
0.5
20
0.3 0.2
6 8 10
0.3 0.2
30
0.1
30
0.1
20
30
0.1
100
0.05 0.03
100
0.05 0.03
100
0.05 0.03
60°C
60
20°C
80
30 60°C
60°C
40
50
60°C 20°C
-10°C
20
50
60
40
-10°C
20
20°C
20°C
10
40
80
30
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
60°C
40
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
-10°C
0
30
1
2 3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
20
1
2
4
6 8 10
20
40 60 100
60
Load: (kΩ)
Load:
(kΩ)
-10°C
20
20
20°C
(mA)
10(mA)
2
1
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05
0.03
2
1
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
-10°C
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
40
10
0
1
2 -10°C 4
6 8 10
20
40 60 100
Cut off
1
2 3 4
6
10
20
30voltage:
40 60 2.0V
100
Load: (kΩ)
Load: (kΩ)
20
1
2 3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
(mA)
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
Load:(mA)
(kΩ)
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
(mA)
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
1
0
* Voltage at 50% discharge depth.
1
2
4
6 8 10
20
40 60 100
Load: (kΩ)
(mA)
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
51
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES)
CR-1632
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES)
CR-2012
CR-2016
DIMENSIONS (MM)
+0
Ø20.0 −0.3
+0
Ø20.0 −0.3
Ø17.0
Ø16.0
0.25
+0
CR-1632
Model number
CR-2012
Model number
CR-2016
Model number
CR-2025
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
140
Nominal capacity (mAh)
55
Nominal capacity (mAh)
90
Nominal capacity (mAh)
165
Diameter (mm)
16.0
Diameter (mm)
20.0
Diameter (mm)
20.0
Diameter (mm)
20.0
Total height (mm)
3.2
Total height (mm)
1.2
Total height (mm)
1.6
Total height (mm)
2.5
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +60
Discharging temperature range (°C)
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +60
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +60
Weight (g)
2.5
600 700
800
0.5
20 30
0.3 0.2
10
0.3 0.2
10
0.3 0.2
Capacity Capacity
(mAh) Capacity
(mAh) (mAh)
60°C
80
120
160
60
100
60°C
140
40
80
120
20
60
100
0
40
1
Load:80
(kΩ)
20
(mA)
60
0
1
40(kΩ)
Load:
0
Voltage (V) Voltage (V)
100
0.1
20 30
0.05 0.03
100
0.1
0.05 0.03
20 30
100
0.1
0.05 0.03
20(mA)
20°C
20°C
20°C 2
2
3 4
1
2
2
6
0.5
3 4
1
6
0.5
10
100
200
300
1
0.5
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
20 30
60 100
0.3 0.2 Cut off
0.1voltage:
0.052.0V
0.03
10
20 30
60 100
0.3 0.2
Cut off0.1
voltage:0.05
2.0V0.03
0.3 0.2
0.1
700
60°C
400
500
600
2.8
3.4
2.6
3.2
2.4
3.0
2.2
2.8
2.6
0.05 0.03
-10°C
-10°C
200
100
0
2.0
100
0
200
100
2.6
3.0
2.2
1
2
2
3 4
1
1
2
6 8 10
0.5
3 4
2
1
0.3
6 8 10
0.5
0.3
300
200
1
3
3 4
6
10
2
2
3 4
1
2.4
2.8
0.5
0.3
0.3
20 30 40 60
0.2
0.1
100
0.05 0.03
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
3 4
6
10
0.3
500
600
2.0
400
500
20 30 40 60
0.2
0.1
100
0.05 0.03
60°C
Load: 15kΩ (190μA)
-10°C
2.0
2.5
2.0
0
100
0
600
100
200
200
300
400
500
600
(hours)600
300 Duration
400 500
700
700
800
800
900
900
Duration (hours)
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
Duration (hours)
OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
3.2
3.0
20°C
20°C
-10°C
60°C
-10°C
20°C
2.2
2.6
Load: (kΩ)
2.4(mA)
1
-10°C
1
Load:2.2
(kΩ)
(mA)
2
6 8 10
0.5
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
1
300
1
2
3 4
2
6
1
0.5
3 4 6
2
1
2
0.3
6
0.5
10
0.3
10
0.5
3 4
2
1
CAPACITY VS. (mA)
LOAD RESISTANCE
5
400
60°C
Load: (kΩ)
2.2
CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE
0.3 0.4 0.6
600
-10°C
-10°C
20°C
3.2
2.8
3.2
2.4
20°C
10
500
2.5
3.0
2.5
60°C
3.0
2.6
0.2
60 (MΩ) 0.1
Load:
(μA)
20
50
20°C
40
60
30
50
20
20°C
40
10
30
1
2
Load:
20 (kΩ)
(mA)
60
2
10
50
20°C
2
Load:40
(kΩ) 1
400
20°C
Duration (hours)
3.2
2.8
3
300
Duration (hours)
3.2
OPERATING VOLTAGE
VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
20°C
3
Load: 15kΩ (190μA)
Load: 15kΩ (190μA)
Load: 15kΩ (190μA)
20°C
3.0
Duration (hours)
60°C
-10°C
60°C
20°C
2.50
2.0
700
2.4
10
-10°C
3.0
2.5
2.0
3.0
0.1
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
2.4
Load: (MΩ)
3.4
2.2 (μA)
20
10
5
3.2
60°C
3.0
0.1
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
Load:2.8
(MΩ)
-10°C
20°C
(μA)
2.6
20
10
5
20
-10°C
20°C
60°C
DISCHARGE3.0
TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
60°C
(V) (V)
VoltageVoltage
(V) Voltage
500
3.0
2.5
Duration (hours)
0
The data in this document
only
not100
intended to make or imply any
guarantee
(mA)
1are for 2descriptive
3 4 6purposes
10
20 and
30 are60
2 or warranty.
1
0.5
Load: (kΩ)
30
discharge depth.
*1 Voltage at 50%
(mA)
2
400
20°C
600
3.2
60°C
120
160
100
140
Load: 30kΩ (95μA)
OPERATING 3.0
VOLTAGE60°C
VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
160
140
700
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
2.5
Voltage (V)
(mA)
2
1
CAPACITY VS.
LOAD RESISTANCE
300
600
Duration (hours)
-10°C
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity (mAh)
6
200
Load: 15kΩ (190μA)
20°C
60°C
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE
CHARACTERISTICS
Load: 15kΩ (190μA)
2.0
Capacity (mAh)
Voltage (V)
(V)
Voltage Voltage
(V)
3 4
Load: (kΩ)
2
100
3.4
10
60°C
-10°C
400
500
300
Duration (hours)
0
900 1,000
OPERATING3.2VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
1
200
2.0
3.0
Duration (hours)
3.0
3.2
2.8
3.0 60°C
2.6
3.2
2.8 20°C
2.4
60°C
3.0
2.6
2.2 -10°C
20°C
2.8
2.4
1
2 3 4 6
60°C
Load:
(kΩ) -10°C
2.6
2.2
(mA)
2
1
0.5
20°C
2.4
1
2 3 4 6
Load: (kΩ)
2.2(mA)
-10°C
2
1
0.5
100
1.6
60°C
3.0
2.0
0
Weight (g)
20°C
20 30
0.2
10
0.3
40 60 100
0.2
0.1 0.05 0.03
20 30 40 60 100
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
20 30
40 60 100
0.1
0.05 0.03
(V) (V)
VoltageVoltage
(V) Voltage
400 500
1.4
60°C
20°C
20°C
60°C
-10°C
20°C
-10°C
Load: (kΩ)
(mA)
1
2
2
3 4
1
2
180
180
150
6
13 4 0.56
10
10
0.3
20 30 40 60 100
60 0.03
100
0.2 20 30
0.1 40 0.05
0.5 0.3 0.2
0.1 0.05 0.03
3 4 6
10
20 30 40 60 100
2
1
CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE
100
60°C
60°C
3.0
2.8
3.2
2.8
2.6
3.0
2.6
2.4
2.8
2.4
2.2
2.6
2.2
2.4
1
Load: (kΩ) -10°C
2.2
1 2
(mA)
Load: (kΩ)
(mA)
2
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
60°C
80
60°C
20°C
150
100
120
20°C
60
180
60°C
120
90
80
60°C
20°C
20°C
150
40
90
100
60
-10°C
60
-10°C
120
60°C
20
60
20°C
30
80
-10°C
40
20°C
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
90
300
0 -10°C
60
1
2 3 4
6
1
2 3 4 6
10
20 30 40 60 100
20 (kΩ)
Load:
Load: 60
0(kΩ)
-10°C
1
2
3
4
6
Cut
off
voltage:
2.0V
(mA)
40(mA)
2
1
0.5 0.3 0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
2
1
0.5
30
Load: (kΩ)
-10°C
0
1
2 3 4 6
10
20 30 40 60 100
(mA)
2
1
0.5
Load:20
(kΩ)
0
1
2 3 4
6
(mA)
2
1
0.5 0.3 0.2Cut off
0.1voltage:
0.052.0V
0.03
Load: (kΩ)
(mA)
The data in this 0document 1are for 2descriptive
purposes
only
and
are
not
intended
to
make
or
imply
any
guarantee
or
warranty.
2
1
0.5
3 4 6
10
20 30 40 60 100
Load: (kΩ)
*1 Voltage at 50% discharge depth.
(mA)
2
1
0.5 0.3 0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
(mAh)
CapacityCapacity
(mAh)
Capacity
(mAh)
300
60°C
Load: 30kΩ (95μA)
-10°C
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
100 200
20°C
DISCHARGE2.5TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Duration (hours)
0
Load: 30kΩ (95μA)
-30 to +60
2.5
Weight (g) 3.0
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
(V)
Voltage Voltage
(V)
1.8
1.6
Voltage (V) Voltage (V)
3.0
+0
1.6 −0.2
+0
+0
1.2 −0.2
3.2 −0.3
0.2
Ø16.0
Model number
3.4
Load: 15kΩ (190μA)
1.8
Weight (g)
60°C
3.2
20°C
3.0
3.4
Load: 15kΩ (190μA)
DISCHARGE2.8
TEMPERATURE
CHARACTERISTICS
60°C
3.2
2.6
20°C
3.0
-10°C
2.4
3.4
2.8
Load: 15kΩ (190μA)
2.2
60°C
3.2
2.6
20°C
2.0
-10°C
3.0
2.4
1.8
2.8
2.2
1.6
2.6
2.00 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000
-10°C
2.4
1.8
Duration (hours)
2.2
1.6
2.0 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000
52
+0
Ø20.0 −0.3
0.05
Ø13.0
0.05
+0
Ø16.0 −0.3
2.5 −0.3
DIMENSIONS (MM)
2
CR-2025
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity (mAh) Capacity (mAh)
2
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
10
10
0.3
0.3
10
0.3
Cut
voltage:
2.0V 100
20 off 30
40 60
20 0.1
30 400.05
60 0.03
100
0.2
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
0.1 0.05 0.03
20
30 40 60 100
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
53
2
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES)
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES)
CR-2032
Lithium battery holders for CR-2032
CR-2330
DIMENSIONS (MM)
These battery holders are designed for sure and easy load-
DIMENSIONS (MM)
2
CR-2354
ing/removal of Panasonic coin type Lithium batteries in/from
equipment enabling the batteries to fully exploit their capabilities as the back-up power supply in C-MOS RAM memory
and microcomputer memory. All of the battery holders are
designed to prevent inverted insertion of the battery.
+0
Ø23.0 −0.5
Ø16.0
Ø19.0
3.2
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +60
-10°C
-10°C
2.5
2.5
800
1,000
1,200
400
600
400Duration
600(hours) 800
800
1,000
1,000
1,200
1,200
R0.35
R0.35
R0.35
11
0.5
0.5
0.3
0.3 0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.05
0.05 0.03
0.03
Dimentions of terminal top
Dimentions
of terminal
top top
Dimentions
of terminal
250
250
200
200
200 20°C
150
20°C
20°C
150
150
100
100
100
50
50
50
0
1
Load:
00(kΩ)
11
(mA)
Load:
Load:(kΩ)
(kΩ)
(mA)
(mA)
0.7
0.7
0.7
250
0.25
0.250.25
R0.35
R0.35
R0.35
3.5±0.2
3.5±0.2
3.5±0.2
24±0.3
24±0.3
20 30 40 60 100
22 133 440.566 0.3
10
60
100
10 0.2 20
20 30
30 40
400.05
60 0.03
100
0.1
22
60°C
60°C
Precaution for washing battery holders
-10°C
The battery holders can be adversely affected by some detergents use in the circuit board washing process and may result
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
2
2 22
22
6
10
Cut
voltage:
Cut
off
voltage:
2.0V
20 off
30
40 602.0V
100
313 44 0.5
66
10
10
0.3
60
20 30
30 40
40 0.05
60 100
100
0.220
0.1
0.03
3 4
11
0.5
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
5.4 −0.3
+0
5.4
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +60
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +60
4.0
3.0
in cracks forming in the holder. Please test the holders in
your washing process before use.
0.05
0.05 0.03
0.03
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Voltage at 50% discharge depth.
Load: 15kΩ (190μA)
20°C
60°C
Load: 15kΩ (190μA)
20°C
60°C
2.5
-10°C
20°C
Load: 15kΩ (190μA)
60°C
400
400
800
-10°C
Duration (hours)
800
1,200
1,600
1,200
1,600
Duration (hours)
2.0
400
Weight (g)
800
1,200
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE-10°C
CHARACTERISTICS
1
3
1
3
0.1 RESISTANCE
0.2 0.3 0.4
CAPACITYLoad:
VS.(MΩ)
LOAD
(μA)
20
10
0.6
1
5
3
2.5
3.0
60°C
Load: 7.5kΩ (380μA)
3.0
2.0
2.5
20°C
60°C
Load: 7.5kΩ (380μA)
-10°C
20°C
0
2.5
400
-10°C
2
2
2
2
2
2.0
0
3.2
3 4
1
3 4
3 4
1
1,200
1,600
400
800
1,200
1,600
400
Duration (hours)
800
1,200
1,600
Duration (hours)
60°C
OPERATING 3.0
VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT*
1
2
800
Duration (hours)
3.4
60°C
-10°C
20°C
3.0
2.6
2.8
2.4
-10°C
3.4
20°C
2.6
60°C
2.2
3.2
2.4
3.0
2.2
2.8
0.1
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
Load: (MΩ)-10°C
20°C
2.6 (μA)
20
10
5
0.1
0.2
0.3 0.4 0.6
2.4
Load: (MΩ)
2.2 (μA)
20
10
5
Load: 7.5kΩ (380μA)
5.9
20°C
1,600
60°C
3.2
3.4
3.0
3.2
2.8
60°C
3.0
2.00
6 8 10
0.5 0.3
6 8 10
0.5
0.3
27.5±0.3
27.5±0.3
27.5±0.3
60°C
-10°C
-10°C
23.0
Total height (mm)
20.5±0.3
20.5±0.3
20.5±0.3
24±0.3
24±0.3
10
CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE
Capacity
(mAh)
Capacity
Capacity
(mAh)
(mAh)
2.2
2.2 2.2
BCR20V4
BCR20V4
6
8.8±0.2
11 2
3 4
8.8±0.2
8.8±0.2
5±0.3 1.05
2
10±0.2
2.2
2.2
1
2.2
+0
0.25
0.250.25
-10°C
-10°C
Load: (kΩ)
(mA)
Load:
Load:(kΩ)
(kΩ)
(mA)
(mA)
Diameter (mm)
3.0
OPERATING VOLTAGE
VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
3.4
BCR20V4
2.4
2.4
2.2
23.0
Total height (mm)
Duration (hours)
BCR20V4 (3 terminals)
20°C
20°C
-10°C
3.0 −0.3
0.3
0.7
60°C
60°C
20°C
2.8
2.8
2.6
Diameter (mm)
25.5±0.3
25.5±0.3
25.5±0.3
5±0.3
5±0.31.05
1.05
Voltage
(V) (V)
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
60°C
3.0
3.0
2.8
2.6
2.6
2.4
0.7
0.7
3.2
560
0
Dimentions of terminal top
Dimentions
of terminal
top top
Dimentions
of terminal
OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
3.2
3.2
3.0
24±0.3
24±0.3
BCR20H4
BCR20H5
200
200
600
1.0
1.0
00
400
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
2.0 0
2.5
0
3.5±0.2 7.8±0.2
200
Duration
Duration(hours)
(hours)
54
1.0
1.0
3.5±0.2 7.8±0.2
BCR20H5 (2 terminals)
3.5±0.2
3.5±0.2 7.8±0.2
7.8±0.2
1.0
0
Nominal voltage (V)
265
2.5
3.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
18.6±0.3
18.6±0.3
18.6±0.3
24±0.3
-10°C
2.5
4.3
4.3 4.3
24±0.3
24±0.3
60°C
60°C
0.7
Load:
Load:15kΩ
15kΩ(190μA)
(190μA)
60°C
0.7
0.7
20°C
20°C
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
DISCHARGE3.0
TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
-10°C
BCR20H5
BCR20H5
3.0
3.0
0.25
0.250.25
R0.35
R0.35
R0.35
10±0.2
10±0.2
Voltage
(V) (V)
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
3.0
Load: 15kΩ (190μA)
Nominal voltage (V)
Weight (g)
25.5±0.3
25.5±0.3
25.5±0.3
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
20°C
BCR20H4
BCR20H4
15±0.3
15±0.3
15±0.3
3.1
3.5±0.2
3.5±0.2 7.8±0.2
7.8±0.2
1.0
Weight (g)
Dimentions of terminal top
Dimentions
of terminal
top top
Dimentions
of terminal
CR-2354
Voltage
Voltage
(V) (V) Voltage (V)
20.0
Total height (mm)
Model number
6 8 10
0.5
Voltage
Voltage
(V) (V) Voltage (V)
Diameter (mm)
BCR20H4 (3 terminals)
CR-2330
2.8
-10°C
3.4
20°C
2.6
60°C
3.2
2.4
3.4
3.0
2.2
60°C
3.2
2.8
-10°C
20°C
3.0
2.6
2.8
-10°C
0.1
0.220°C
0.3 0.4 0.6
2.4
Load:
2.6 (MΩ)
2.2 (μA)
20
10
5
2.4
1
3
2
2
6
8 10
1
3 4
0.5
0.3
6
2.2
0.1
Load: (MΩ)
(μA)
0.1
Load: (MΩ)
(μA)
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
1
2
3 4
20 0.2 0.3
10 0.4 50.6
31
2 2
13 4
0.5
6 80.3
10
20
3
2
1
0.5
10
CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE
5
8 10
0.3
0.3
600
300
60°C
60°C
500
250
300
-10°C
20°C
200
400
60°C
600
250
20°C
-10°C
60°C
150
300
200
500
600
100
20°C
60°C
300
-10°C
150
-10°C
200
20°C
400
60°C
500
50
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
250
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
100
100
0
20°C 2 3 -10°C
300
1
4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
400
200
2 3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
50 (kΩ) 1
Load:
Load: (kΩ)
20°C
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
(mA)-10°C 2
(mA)
2
1
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
150
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
200
300
0
2 3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
Load: (kΩ) 1
Cut
off
voltage:
2.0V
100
(mA)
100
200
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
1
2
3
4
6
10
20
30
40
60
100
50
Load: (kΩ)
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
offand
voltage:
2.0Vintended to make or imply100
The data in this document are for descriptive purposesCut
only
are not
any(mA)
guarantee
or warranty.
2
1
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05
0.03
0
1
2 3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
*1 Voltage at
50%(kΩ)
discharge
depth.
1
2 3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
Load: (kΩ)
Load:
(mA)
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
(mA)
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
Capacity
Capacity
(mAh)(mAh)
Capacity (mAh)
220
Model number
Voltage (V) VoltageVoltage
(V)
(V)
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
BCR20V4
Voltage (V) VoltageVoltage
(V)
(V)
Nominal voltage (V)
BCR20H5
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity
(mAh) (mAh)
Capacity
CR-2032
Ø20.0
+0
BCR20H4
Model number
+0
Ø23.0 −0.5
3.2 −0.3
0.3
+0
Ø20.0 −0.3
55
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES)
CR-2412
MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES)
CR-2450
CR-2477
DIMENSIONS (MM)
2
CR-3032
DIMENSIONS (MM)
+0
Ø24.5 −0.3
+0.1
0.2
4.25
+0
Ø27.0
+0
5.0 −0.3
1.2 −0.2
+0.04
0.05
Ø22.0
0.3
0.75
Ø23.0
+0
Ø30.0 −0.3
Ø22.0
3.2 −0.3
+0
Ø24.5 −0.3
7.7 −0.4
+0
Ø24.5 −0.3
7.2
2
Model number
CR-2412
Model number
CR-2450
Model number
CR-2477
Model number
CR-3032
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
100
Nominal capacity (mAh)
620
Nominal capacity (mAh)
1,000
Nominal capacity (mAh)
500
Diameter (mm)
24.5
Diameter (mm)
24.5
Diameter (mm)
24.5
Diameter (mm)
30.0
Total height (mm)
1.2
Total height (mm)
5.0
Total height (mm)
7.7
Total height (mm)
3.2
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +60
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +60
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +60
Discharging temperature range (°C)
200
300
400
500
600
700
Duration (hours)
200
200
300
400
300
400
Duration
(hours)
500
500
600
600
700
700
1.8
0
60°C
20°C
20°C
-10°C
20°C
-10°C
200 400
600
Load: 2.7kΩ (1060μA)
Load: 2.7kΩ (1060μA)
60°C
Load: 2.7kΩ
(1060μA)
60°C
3.0
2.5
2.5
60°C
2.5
0
00
800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800
60°C
20°C
2.0
3.0
2.5
0
20°C
2.0
200
0
2.0
0°C
0°C
500
750
1,000
1,250
500
750 1,000 1,0001,250 1,250
500
750
Duration (hours)
Duration
(hours)
Duration
(hours)
200
250
Load: 7.5kΩ (380μA)
-10°C
400
600
800
1,000
20°C
-10°C
Duration (hours)
400
600
800
1,200
1,000
1,400
1,200
1,400
Duration (hours)
0°C
250
250
-10°C
Load: 7.5kΩ (380μA)
60°C
3.0
2.5
2.0
20°C
20°C
2.0
2.0
200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800
200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800
Duration (hours)
Duration (hours)
20°C
DISCHARGE 2.5
TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
0
200
400
600
800
1,000
1,200
1,400
Duration (hours)
3.4
3.2
1
1
2
2
1
0.5 0.3 0.2
10
10
1 0.5 0.3 0.2
1 0.5 0.3 0.2
100
80
20°C
0.1 0.05 0.03
100
100
0.1 0.05 0.03
0.1 0.05 0.03
20°C
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
Voltage
(V)(V)
2
100
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
1
1
10
10
0.01
0.01
2.0
0.01
0.1
Load: (MΩ)
(μA) 0.1
CAPACITY VS. LOAD
RESISTANCE0.01
700
700
600
600
500
500
700
400
400
600
300
300
200
500
200
100
400
100
3000
00.01
2000.01
Load:
(kΩ)
Load: (kΩ)
(mA)
100(mA)
1
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.2
3.2
60°C
3.0
3.2 60°C
3.0
60°C
2.8
3.0
2.8
2.6
2.8 -10°C
2.6
2.4 -10°C
2.6
2.4
2.2
-10°C
2.4
2.2
2.2
Load: (MΩ)
0.001
0.001
10
0.001
(mA) 1
Load: (MΩ)
Load:(mA)
(MΩ) 1
(mA) 1
60°C
3.0
3.4-10°C
2.8
20°C
3.2
2.6 60°C
3.4
3.0
2.4
3.2
-10°C
2.860°C
20°C
3.0
0.1
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
Load:2.6
(MΩ)
-10°C
2.8 (μA)
20°C
20
10
5
2.4
2.6
20°C
20°C
-40°C
-40°C
-40°C
20°C
20°C
20°C
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE
1
0.1 0.01
0.1
0.01
0.01
10.001
1
0.001
0.001
1
3
2
2
3 4
1
6
8 10
0.5
0.3
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
1
2
3 4
6 8 10
2.4 (MΩ) 0.1
Load:
(μA)
20
10
5
3
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.1
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6
1
2
3 4
6 8 10
Load: (MΩ)
(μA)
20
10
5
3
2
1
0.5 0.3
CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE
600
1,200
100
60
100
20°C
80
20°C
40
20°C
80
60
20
60
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
40
0
1
10
100
0.1
1
10
100
40
1
10
100
Load:
20(kΩ)
(mA)
2
1 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.05 0.03
2
1 0.5 0.3 0.2
0.05 0.03
Cut off0.1
voltage:
2.0V
20
2
1 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.05 0.03
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
0
Cut off voltage: 2.0V 100
0.1
1
10
0
0 (kΩ)
Load:
0.01
1
10
100
0.1
1
10
100
(mA)
2
1purposes
0.5 0.3only
0.2 and
0.1are0.05
Load: (kΩ)
(kΩ)
The data inLoad:
this document
are for descriptive
not 0.03
intended to make or imply
any guarantee or warranty.
(mA)
(mA)
2
1 0.5 0.3 0.2
0.1 0.05 0.03
2
1 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.05 0.03
1
* Voltage at 50% discharge depth.
OPERATING3.2VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
20°C
20°C
(V)(V)
VoltageVoltage
(V)
Voltage
10
3.2
3.2
3.0
3.0
3.2
2.8
2.8
3.0
2.6
2.6
2.8
2.4
2.4
2.6
2.2
2.2
2.4
2.0
2.0 0.01
0.01
Load:
2.2 (MΩ)
Load: (MΩ)
(μA)
(μA)
Capacity
(mAh)
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity
(mAh)
Voltage
(V) (V)Voltage (V)
Voltage
20°C
20°C
1
OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
20°C
CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE
Capacity
(mAh)
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity
(mAh)
Load: 6.8kΩ (420μA)
Duration (hours)
OPERATING3.0
VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
56
3.0
3.0
-10°C
Duration (hours)
2.8
3.2
3.2
2.6
3.0
3.0
2.4
2.8
2.8
2.2
2.6
2.6
2.0
2.4 0.1
Load:
2.4 (kΩ)
2.2
(mA)
2.2
2.0 0.1
2.0 0.1
Load:
(kΩ)
(mA)
Load: (kΩ)
(mA)
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Load: 6.8kΩ (420μA)
Load: 6.8kΩ (420μA)
Load: 7.5kΩ (380μA)
7.1
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
100
100
60°C
60°C
3.0
60°C
1,000
500
1,200
1,200
800 60°C
400
1,000 60°C 20°C
20°C
600
-10°C
0°C
1,000
600
60°C
300
800
500
20°C
800
600
400
20°C
0°C
200
60°C
600
0°C
400
20°C
200
600
-10°C
500
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
400
100
300
0
1
2
3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
400
400 (kΩ)
10
100
1,000
20°C
Load:
Load: (kΩ)
-10°C
200(mA)
(mA)
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
200
0.3
0.03
0.003
200
300
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
0
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
100
10
100
1,000
0
Load: (kΩ)
1
2
3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
200
10
100
1,000
Load:(mA)
(kΩ)
Load: (kΩ)
0.3for descriptive
0.03purposes only
0.003
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
The data in this document
are
and
are
not
intended
to
make
or
imply
any
guarantee
or
warranty.
(mA)
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
0.3
0.03
0.003
100 (mA)
1
2
3 4
6
10
20 30 40 60 100
*1 Voltage at 50% discharge depth.
Load: (kΩ)
(mA)
2
1
0.5 0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05 0.03
60°C
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity (mAh)
Capacity (mAh)
1.5
1.5 0
0
100
Load: 15kΩ (190μA)
Load: 15kΩ (190μA)
3.2
3.2
3.0
3.2
3.0
2.8
3.0
2.8
2.6
2.8
2.6
2.4
2.6
2.4
2.2
2.4
2.2
2.0
2.0
2.2
1.8
1.8
2.0 0
0
Voltage (V)
2.0 0
2.0
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Voltage
(V) (V)
Voltage
2.5
2.5
1.5
20°C
-10°C
60°C
60°C
20°C
20°C
-10°C
-10°C
Capacity
(mAh)
Capacity
(mAh)
Capacity (mAh)
Voltage
(V) (V)Voltage (V)
Voltage
3.0
3.0
2.0
Weight (g)
10.5
Load: 15kΩ (190μA)
60°C
DISCHARGE 3.0
TEMPERATURE
CHARACTERISTICS
3.5
3.5
2.5
Weight (g)
6.3
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
Weight (g)
2.0
3.5
Voltage
Voltage
(V) (V)(V)
Voltage
Weight (g)
-30 to +60
60°C
57
2
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES)
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES)
BR-425
2
BR-435
DIMENSIONS (MM)
+0
Ø4.2 −0.2
Ø1.0
Panasonic offers a unique pin shape and space-saving design to meet the requirements of
small-scale applications. 3
25.0
4.2
25.9
0.6
–
BR-435
3
50.0
4.2
35.9
0.9
–
Nominal voltage (V)
3
25
Nominal capacity (mAh)
50
Diameter (mm)
4.2
Diameter (mm)
4.2
Total height (mm)
25.9
Total height (mm)
35.9
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +80
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-30 to +80
Weight (g)
0.9
Weight (g)
6
50°C
0°C
20°C
2.5
2.00
10
20
30
-10°C
Duration (hours)
20°C
2.0
40
0°C
-10°C
10
20
30
Duration (hours)
20
30
Duration (hours)
10
50
40
3.0
2.0 3.0
0°C
2.0
2.4
2.6
1.8
2.2
2.4
Load: (kΩ)
2.0
(mA)
2.2
1.8
2.0
Load: (kΩ)
(mA)
1.8
Load: (kΩ)
(mA)
2.5
3
1.4 1.2
1
0°C
20°C
-10°C
0°C2
2.5 3
-10°C
1.4 1.2
1
2
2.5 3
1.4 1.2
1
4
0.8
40
50
0.6
0.8
CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE
4
6
0.5
5
0.6
0.6
5
6
40
50
0°C
0°C
40
50
40
50
2.6
7
8 9 10
0.4
0.3
7
8 9 10
0.5
0.4
6 7
0.3
8 9 10
0.5
0.4
0.3
2.4
2.8
2.2
2.8
20°C
2.6
2.0
50°C
2.6
0°C50°C
-10°C
2.4
1.8
2.4
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
Load: (kΩ)
2.2
(mA) 20°C
2.0
1.75 1.5 1.25 1.0
0.8
2.2 2.8
20°C
2.0
2.00°C
-10°C
1.8
0°C
-10°C
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
1.8
Load: (kΩ)
1.5
2
2.5
3
(mA)(kΩ) 2.8 1 2.0
Load:
1.75 1.5 1.25 1.0
0.8
(mA)
2.8
2.0
1.75 1.5 1.25 1.0
4
5
0.7 0.6
4
5
4
5
0.7 0.6
0.8 0.7 0.6
CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE
60
50
50°C
50°C
40
20
30
20°C
15 20°C
30
60
25
0°C
10
30 50°C
20 60
50
20 0°C
-10°C
5
25
10 50
50°C
40
15 50°C
20°C
-10°C
50°C
Cut off voltage: 1.8V
Cut off voltage: 1.8V
0
20
20°C
0 40
30
2
3
4
5
6 7 8 9 10
1
1.5
2
2.5 3
4
5
10
20°C
Load:
(kΩ)
Load: (kΩ)
15 20°C
300°C
0°C
(mA)
20
(mA)
5
2.8
2.0
1.75
1.5
1.25
1.0
0.8
0.7
0.6
1.4 1.2
1
0.8
0.6 0.5
0.4
0.3
0°C
10
20
-10°C
-10°C
Cut off voltage: 1.8V
10
0 0°C
-10°C
5
2
3
4
5
6 7 8 9 10
10
Cut off voltage: 1.8V
Load: (kΩ) -10°C
0
Cut off voltage: 1.8V
0
1
1.5
2
2.5 3 Cut off4voltage:5 1.8V
The data in this(mA)
document
are
for
descriptive
purposes
only
and
are
not
intended
to
make
or
imply
any
or warranty.
1.4 1.2
1
0.8
0.6 0.5
0.4
0.3
Load: (kΩ) guarantee
0
2
3
4
5
6 7 8 9 10
1.5
2
2.5 3
4
5
at 50%
*1 VoltageLoad:
(mA)(kΩ) 2.8 1 2.0 1.75
Load:
(kΩ)discharge depth.
1.5 1.25 1.0
0.8 0.7 0.6
(mA)
(mA)
1.4 1.2
1
0.8
0.6 0.5
0.4
0.3
2.8
2.0 1.75 1.5 1.25 1.0
0.8 0.7 0.6
25
Capacity (mAh)Capacity (mAh)
Capacity
(mAh) (mAh)
Capacity
Capacity (mAh)
58
10
20
30
20(hours) 30
Duration
Duration (hours)
Load: 2.5kΩ (1mA)
Load: 2.5kΩ (1mA)
0°C50°C
50°C
50°C
OPERATING VOLTAGE
VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
30
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to 2.0V at 20°C.
* 2 The illustration shows only one example of Lithium battery structure.
20°C
30
20°C20
Duration (hours)
-10°C
-10°C
10
0
2.8
5
4
0.8
2.0
0
50°C
20°C
50°C
0°C
-10°C
50°C
20°C
2
10
2.0
Voltage (V)
2.2
2.6
2.8
2.5
0
50
OPERATING 2.6
VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 1
2.4
2.8
-10°C
2.5
2.8
Voltage
(V)
Voltage
(V) Voltage (V)
5
2.5
DISCHARGE
TEMPERATURE
CHARACTERISTICS
20°C
50°C
Load: 5kΩ
(0.5mA)
-10°C
Load: 2.5kΩ (1mA)
50°C
50°C
Load: 5kΩ (0.5mA)
20°C
3.0
2.0
2.5
0
2
3
3.0
Load: 5kΩ (0.5mA)
0.6
0
1
4
3.0
DISCHARGE2.5
TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
3.0
Voltage
(V)
Voltage
(V) Voltage (V)
3D ILLUSTRATION *2
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
Voltage (V)
BR-425
Nominal voltage (V)
Capacity (mAh)
IEC
BR-435
Voltage (V)
Approx.
weight (g)
Model number
Voltage (V)
Dimensions with tube (mm)
Diameter
Total height
BR-425
Voltage (V)
Electrical characteristics at 20°C
Nominal
Nominal*1
voltage (V)
capacity (mAh)
Model number
Voltage (V)
L ED-type night fishing floats
Various illumination products
Fishing pole tip lights
Toys, etc.
Self discharge rate at 20°C is just 0.5% per year
1 Anode cap
2 Gasket
3 Collector
4Cathode (Poly-Carbonmonofluoride)
5 Separator
6 Anode (Lithium)
min. 3.5
APPLICATIONS
Superior design for high temperature applications -30°C ~ +80°C
Outstanding long-term reliability
Years of experience in production
Model number
±0.05
35.9 +0
−1.9
min. 3.5
Ø1.0
25.9 +0
−1.9
POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES
(BR SERIES) – PIN TYPE LITHIUM BATTERIES
FEATURES
±0.05
+0
Ø4.2 −0.2
59
3
RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES
VANADIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (VL SERIES)
LITHIUM RECHARGEABLE
COIN BATTERIES
WITH REMARKABLE
CHARACTERISTICS
3
VANADIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (VL
SERIES) – COIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES
These high quality Lithium coin batteries feature vanadium oxide for the positive pole,
Lithium alloy for the negative pole and a non-aqueous solvent for the electrolyte.
FEATURES
APPLICATIONS
Rechargeable Lithium technology
Self discharge rate at 20°C is only 2.0% per year
1,000 charge-discharge cycles at 10% depth of
discharge
Real Time Clock (RTC)
Tracking & RFID
Remote Keyless Entry (RKE)
Fax machines
Superior long-term reliability
Years of experience in production
Remote control
Mobile phones, etc.
Model number
Electrical characteristics at 20°C
Nominal
Nominal*1
voltage (V)
capacity (mAh)
Dimensions with tube (mm)
Diameter
Total height
Approx.
weight (g)
IEC
VL-621*2
3
1.5
6.8
VL-1220*2
3
7.0
12.5
2.1
0.3
–
2.0
0.8
VL-2020*
2
–
3
20.0
VL-2320*2
3
30.0
20.0
2.0
2.2
–
23.0
2.0
2.7
VL-2330*
2
–
3
VL-3032*2
3
50.0
23.0
3.0
3.5
–
100.0
30.0
3.2
6.2
–
VIDEO
3D ILLUSTRATION *3
Scan QR code
to view product
series video.
1 Negative pole
2Anode (Lithium
Aluminium alloy)
3 Separator
4 Gasket
5 Positive pole (cell can)
6 Cathode (Vanadium Pentoxide)
1
2
3
4
5
6
Panasonic rechargeable Lithium coin batteries are designed chiefly for memory
back-up applications such as computers, fax machines or data terminals. They stay
reliable through many charge-discharge cycles, boast a very low self-discharge
rate and deliver superior long-term reliability.
60
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to 2.0V at 20°C.
* 2 Only battery with terminal are handled.
* 3 The illustration shows only one example of Lithium battery structure.
61
3
VANADIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (VL SERIES)
CHARGING
VANADIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (VL SERIES)
VL-3032
Reference: Examples of charging circuits
Approx. 4.0mA or below
(It is permissible for the current to increase beyond the above
Charging circuits
Standard circuits
level when the battery voltage drops below 3V.)
Do not use these batteries and Lithium primary batteries or other
-20°C to +60°C
and old batteries together even if they are of the same type.
R1
rechargeable batteries VL-2330
together, and do not use new batteries
VL-3032
Charging
completed
2
1
+
0
- 5V
+
-
Early battery deterioration region
60˚C withstand voltage limit
Under no circumstances should constant current charg-
100,000
Cycle number
performance
may deteriorate early. Be sure to observe the
1,000
VL
0V
wrong
right
R1
-
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
DOD (%)
+
5V
R1
5V
R2
Cycle number
1,000
-
100
7.5V
10
R1
5V
If the charging voltage exceeds the specifications, the inter-
-0V
1
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
DOD (%)
1,E+04
1/1,024 1/512
Recommended charging circuits - basic conditions
0V
1/128
1/64
3.4V ± 0.15V
Charge current:
For a battery voltage of 3V
VL-621
Approx. 0.2mA or below
VL-1220
Approx. 0.5mA or below
VL-2020
Approx. 1.5mA or below
VL-2320, VL-2330 Approx. 2.0mA or below
1/32
1/16
1/8
1/4
1/2
200Ω
510Ω
1.5mA
VL-2320, VL-2330
150Ω
390Ω
2.0mA
68Ω
180Ω
4.0mA
D: MA2J728 (Very small reverse current)
Load with 5V applied
1mA below
D,Vf
0~0.30V
R2
R2
DVL
2
D1
D 3Constant voltage
element
R2
VL
D2
D1
GND
Constant voltage
element VL
R2
VL-621
6.2kΩ
2.4kΩ
VL-1220
1500Ω
560Ω
VL-2020
470Ω
180Ω
VL-2320, VL-2330
390Ω
150Ω
VL-3032
180Ω
68Ω
VF of D will be different from the value given above if a current in excess of 1mA flows to the load
during operation. Compensation must be provided by the resistors in such cases.
ZD
D1
R1
A
MAZ30360L
MA3X704
300Ω
B
MAZ30360H
MA2J728
270Ω
Common to all types
D
Type
Schottky
D
Schottky
D
R2
VL-1220
VL-621
A
R
Not required
VL-3032
VL-2330
VL-2320
VL-2020
470Ω
1.5kΩ
B
VL
Not required
560Ω
1.6kΩ
D2: select a diode of small inverse current (IR=1µA below/5V)
R
R
VL
REG
D
3.7V
MA2J728
For details, refer to the constant voltage element specifications.
1
DOD (%)
VL cycle life (DOD < 1%)
1,E+09
1,E+08
Cycle number
Charge voltage:
D2
D
D13
GND
1/256
VL-2020
Constant voltage
7.5V minimizing current leakage
VL by another battery.
For
due to resistance, etc., as when charging
element
GND
R
Schottky
D
0V
Constant voltage
VL
7.5V
GND
element
1,E+07
1,E+05
0.5mA
VL
Patent acquired
0V
1,E+06
0.2mA
1.8kΩ
Simple economical circuits
Schottky
1,E+08
Cycle number
pletely when the charging voltage is below the specification.
ZD
D2
D3
1,E+09
terminal (case) may occur, causing leakage.
It is not possible for the battery capacity to recover com-
5V
5.6kΩ
750Ω
Load
sion of the
VL cycle life (DOD < 1%)
ZD
R1
2.2kΩ
VL-1220
Load
nal resistance of the battery will rise and may cause battery
deterioration. Also,with a charge voltage around 4V, corro-
R1
ZD
VL-621
Load
1
D1
+
10,000
(Actual value: 3.4V ± 0.20V)
VL
R2
Patent
acquired
Charge current (max.)
Load
ating temperature range from -20°C to +60°C is 3.4V ± 0.15V.
3
Patent D
acquired
ZD
- 5V
7.5V
100,000
VL
Load
specified charging voltage. The guaranteed value over an oper-
D
R2
R1
VL
Load
If a fixed-charging method is applied, please adhere to the
Patent acquired
D
R2
R1
VL cycle life (DOD > 1%)
Charge voltage range
D
5V
-
VL
VL
Patent acquired
5V
+-
10
1
VL cycle life
1
+
+
VL
D2
Load
0V
-
-
VL cycle life (DOD > 1%)
guaranteed
100 charge voltage.
VL
R2
Patent acquired
R 12
R
10,000
3.6V
R2
D1
Load
Load
5V
5V
Inadequate range
If the charge voltage goes beyond its adequate range, battery
3.4V
R1
++
3.0
to about 5V, resulting in a deterioration of performance.
5V
Patent D
acquired
R1
VL-3032
Load
Ignoring this precaution will cause the battery voltage to rise
The lower the charging
voltage becomes, the less
the capacity becomes.
Operational range
R2
R1
DVL
2
D1
D3
Load
ing, which is used for Nickel-Cadmium batteries, be used.
Charge voltage (V)
3.5
Adequate charge voltage range
(guaranteed specified value)
D
D13
LoadLoad
+
Prohibited operating range
D2
Patent acquired
5V
R2
R1
0
10
20
30
40
50
100
120
Influence
of
the
charge
voltage
on VL batteries
Charge time (hours)
it carefully as the wrong charging circuit can cause trouble.
VL
R1
Temperature 20°C
justice will be done to the battery characteristics. Consider
Precautions regarding the charge voltage setting
D3
R2
Load
The charging circuit is crucial in terms of ensuring that full
+
-
D2
D1
5V
Common to VL-621/Common to VL-1220 VL-2020 and VL-2320
3
Voltage (V)
Operating temperature
Mixed usage of batteries
Load
Charging system*1
Constant-voltage charging.
(Please strictly adhere to the specified
charge voltage)
Load
Approx. 1,000 times at 10% discharge
depth to nominal capacity
D2: select a diode of small inverse current (IR=1µA below/5V)
D1, D2: MA3X716 (Diode type code)
D3: MA3X704, MA2J728
D3
+
Charging/discharging cycle
4
3
1,E+07
1,E+06
1,E+05
1,E+04
1/1,024 1/512
1/256
1/128
1/64
1/32
1/16
1/8
1/4
1/2
1
DOD (%)
62
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Consult with Panasonic concerning constant-current charging systems.
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
63
3
VANADIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (VL SERIES)
VL-621
VANADIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (VL SERIES)
VL-1220
VL-2020
DIMENSIONS (MM)
3
VL-2320
DIMENSIONS (MM)
Insulating tube
Insulating tube
23.0
20.0
2.0
2.0
+0
Ø6.8 -0.15
Insulating tube
0.75
1.8
2.1
0.2
4.0
VL-621/DN
2.7
5.0
0.75
10.2±0.5
VL-1220/FCN
1.8
0.2
2.7
0.75
2.7
VL-621
Model number
VL-1220
Model number
VL-2020
Model number
VL-2320
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
1.5
Nominal capacity (mAh)
7.0
Nominal capacity (mAh)
20.0
Nominal capacity (mAh)
30.0
Diameter (mm)
6.8
Diameter (mm)
12.5
Diameter (mm)
20.0
Diameter (mm)
23.0
Total height (mm)
2.1
Total height (mm)
2.0
Total height (mm)
2.0
Total height (mm)
2.0
-20 to +60
Load: 300kΩ (10μA)
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-20 to +60
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-20 to +60
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-20 to +60
0.8
Weight (g)
2.2
Weight (g)
2.7
Voltage (V)
0
3
50
100
150
200
Duration (hours)
2
0°C
1.9mAh (to 2.5V)
1
250
20°C
2.0mAh
(to 2.5V)
300
50
100
150
200
250
60°C -20°C
0°C
20°C
1
0
100
2
-20°C
1.7mAh (to 2.5V)
0
2
3
100
10
50
40
30
20
Cut off voltage: 2.5V
3
300
1,000
3
2
-20°C
60°C
3
1
0
100
50
40
30
20
100
10
520°C
1
50
40
30
20
5 7 10
30 50 100
Consumption current (μA)
300
1,000
400
3
20°C
-20°C
2
Load: 30kΩ (100μA)
60°C
3
20°C
1
0
2
100
-20°C
200
0°C
300
400
Duration (hours)
-20°C
0
100
Cut off voltage: 2.5V
3
5 7 10
30 50 100
Consumption current (μA)
5 7 10
30 50 100
Consumption current (μA)
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
300
1
400
0
100
300
1,000
300
1,000
500
400
300
200
100
Cut off voltage: 2.5V
20°C
3
5
5 7 10
30 50 100
Consumption current (μA)
300
1,000
3
400
5 7 10
30 50 100
Consumption current (μA)
Cut off voltage: 2.5V
100
500
400
300
200
50
40
30
20
100
10
50
40
30
20
5
5
1
500
400
300
200
Cut off voltage: 2.5V
20°C
1
3
5 7 10
30 50 100
Consumption current (μA)
300
1,000
300
1,000
20°C
10
20°C
10
300
CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME
Cut off voltage: 2.5V
50
500 40
400 30
300 20
200
10
100
5
1
50
40
30
20
200
Duration (hours)
CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME
20°C
3
200
Duration (hours)
Cut off voltage: 2.5V
1
20°C
300
200
0°C
Duration (hours)
2
1
400
Duration (days)
500
400
300
200
5
Cut off voltage: 2.5V
1
100
10
20°C
10
5
5 7 10
30 50 100
Consumption current (μA)
Duration (days)
20°C
1
300
500
400
300
200
Duration (days)
Duration (days)
Duration (days)
100
5
200
CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME
500
400
300
200
100
0°C Load: 30kΩ (100μA)
Duration (hours)
CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME
500
400
300
200
400
4
0°C
0
Duration (hours)
50
40
30
20
300
Duration (hours)
-20°C
20°C
1
300
200
20°C
4
Voltage (V)
4
Load: 100kΩ (30μA)
Load: 30kΩ (100μA)
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
60°C
Voltage (V)
1
4
60°C
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE
CHARACTERISTICS
3
4
Duration (days)
0°C
1.9mAh (to 2.5V) Load: 300kΩ (10μA)
-20°C
60°C
1.7mAh (to 2.5V)
2.1mAh (to 2.5V)
0°C
Load: 30kΩ (100μA)
Duration (days)
2
60°C
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE
CHARACTERISTICS
3
20°C
2.0mAh
(to 2.5V)
4
Voltage (V)
5
Load: 100kΩ (30μA)
Duration (days)
Voltage (V)
3
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Weight (g)
Voltage (V)
0.3
4
4
Voltage (V)
Weight (g)
60°C
2.1mAh (to 2.5V)
Voltage (V)
Discharging temperature range (°C)
0.2
10.2±0.5
Model number
5
64
5.0
2.0
2.35±0.5
1.5
1.5
2.7
16.25
0.15
0.5
1.5±0.7
2.0
2.6
0.45
4.5
2.15
6.0
6.0
9.9 (max.)
Ø12.5
1
3
5 7 10
30 50 100
Consumption current (μA)
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
300
1,000
65
3
VANADIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (VL SERIES)
VL-2330
MANGANESE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (ML SERIES)
VL-3032
Insulating tube
Insulating tube
DIMENSIONS (MM)
23.0
1.5
30.0
3.0
5.0±1.0
10.2±0.5
3.0
3.7
Model number
VL-2330
Model number
VL-3032
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
FEATURES
Nominal capacity (mAh)
50.0
Nominal capacity (mAh)
100.0
Diameter (mm)
23.0
Diameter (mm)
30.0
Total height (mm)
3.0
Total height (mm)
3.2
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-20 to +60
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-20 to +60
Weight (g)
3.5
Weight (g)
6.2
Load: 30kΩ (100μA)
3
1
60°C
2
1
2
4
Load: 30kΩ (100μA)
0
200
0
200
-20°C
20°C
0°C
400
600
-20°C(hours)
Duration
0°C
400
600
3
800
Voltage (V)
3
20°C
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
4
Voltage (V)
60°C
60°C
3
2
800
60°C
1
0
200
0
200
50
40
30
20
5
Cut off voltage: 2.5V
20°C
10
1
3
400
500
400
300
200
5 7 10
30 50 100
Consumption current (μA)
300
1,000
Duration (days)
50
40
30
20
400
600
-20°C
Duration (hours)
600
800
800
CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME
Duration (days)
Duration (days)
Duration (days)
100
20°C
20°C
2
Duration (hours)
Cut off voltage: 2.5V
100
Model number
-20°C
1
CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME
500
400
300
200
1,000 charge-discharge cycles at 10% depth of
discharge
Superior long-term reliability
Years of experience in production
supplies for mobile phones
Tracking & RFID
Pagers and other compact
communications equipment
Real Time Clock (RTC), etc.
500
400
300
200
Approx.
weight (g)
IEC
ML-421
3
2.3
4.8
2.1
0.1
–
ML-614
3
3.4
6.8
1.4
0.2
–
ML-621
3
5.0
6.8
2.1
0.2
–
ML-920
3
11.0
9.5
2.0
0.4
–
ML-1220
3
17.0
12.5
2.0
0.8
–
ML-2020
3
45.0
20.0
2.0
2.2
–
Cut off voltage: 2.5V
50
40
30
20
50
40
30
20
Dimensions with tube (mm)
Diameter
Total height
20°C
100
100
Electrical characteristics at 20°C
Nominal
Nominal*1
voltage (V)
capacity (mAh)
Cut off voltage: 2.5V
20°C
10
5
1
3
5 7 10
30 50 100
Consumption current (μA)
10
10
Fax machine
Memory back-up power 20°C
Load: 15kΩ (200μA)
Duration (hours)
500
400
300
200
APPLICATIONS
Rechargeable Lithium technology
Self discharge rate at 20°C is only 2.0% per year
4
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE
CHARACTERISTICS
Load: 15kΩ (200μA)
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
300
1,000
5
1
3
5 7 10
30 50 100
Consumption current (μA)
300
1
1,000
3
5 7 10
30 50 100
Consumption current (μA)
50,000
30,000
100
50
10
10%
Memory backup range
50%
100 10%
50
10
0
1,000
Memory backup range
Cycles
Cycles
1,000
500
300
1%
10,000
50,000 5,000
30,000
1%
1,000
10,000
500
5,000
66
3.8
0.2
These super compact rechargeable Lithium batteries feature a Manganese compound
oxide for the positive electrode, a Lithium/Aluminum alloy for the negative electrode and
a special non-aqueous solvent for the electrolyte. They can easily be incorporated into
circuits where 3V ICs are used to save space.
0.15
3.2
0.75
4
MANGANESE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (ML
SERIES) – COIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES
5.0±0.8
5.0
1.8
5
3
0
20
100%
20
50%
40
60
80100% 100
Depth of discharge (%)
40
60
80
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or
warranty.
Depth of discharge (%)
100
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to 2.0V at 20°C.
67
+
D
Constant
voltage element
R
Load
3
~2.8V
MANGANESE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (ML SERIES)
GND
MANGANESE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (ML SERIES)
ML
3
-
CHARGING
D3
ML-920, ML-1220
R1
Approx. 3.0mA or below
Load
R2
Charging circuits
D2
D1
ML-2020
Reference: Examples of charging circuits
Approx. 1.2mA or below
5V
When charging using another battery
ML
ML-421
0V
Patent acquired
D
Approx. 1,000 times at 10% discharge
depth to nominal capacity
Charging system*
Constant-voltage charging.
(Please strictly adhere to the specified
charge voltage)
Mixed usage of batteries
5V
ML
R1
Do not use these batteries and Lithium primary batteries or
Load
Charging/discharging cycle
R2
-20°C to +60°C
0V
batteries and old batteries together even if they are of the
same type.
The charging circuit is crucial in terms of ensuring that full
+
Influence of the charge voltage on ML batteries
Charge voltage (V)
which is used for Nickel-Cadmium batteries, be used. Ignoring
3.0
Adequate charge voltage range
(guaranteed specified value)
The lower the charging
voltage becomes, the less
the capacity becomes.
Operational range
+
If the charge voltage goes beyond its adequate range, battery
performance
may deteriorate early. Be sure to observe the
1,000
ML
0V
0V
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
Charge voltage range
specified charging voltage. Guaranteed voltage is 2.8V to 3.2V
100
nal resistance of the battery will rise and may cause battery
1
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
0V
0V
DOD (%)
910Ω
3.1V
MA2J728
750Ω
REG
D
R
3.2V
MA2J728
470Ω
3.1V
MA2J728
390Ω
REG
D
R
3.2V
MA2J728
470Ω
3.1V
MA2J728
390Ω
ML-2020
REG
D
R
3.2V
MA2J728
180Ω
3.1V
MA2J728
150Ω
9.1kΩ
5.1kΩ
ML-621
1.1kΩ
2.0kΩ
ML-920
680Ω
1.3kΩ
ML-1220
680Ω
D2
ML
1.3kΩ
ML-2020
180Ω
330Ω
ML
60˚C withstand voltage limit
1/256
1/128
1/64
1/32
1/16
1/8
1/4
1/2
Simple economical circuits
Load
100µA below
D,Vf
0~0.2V
R1
R2
ML-421
10kΩ
5.1kΩ
ML-614
5.1kΩ
2.7kΩ
ML-621
2.4kΩ
1.3kΩ
ML-920
1kΩ
Cycle number
1,E+08
1,E+07
1,E+06
1,E+05
1/256
1/128
1/64
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Consult with Panasonic concerning constant-current charging systems.
1/32
DOD (%)
1/16
1/8
1/4
1/2
3.0
3.5
Adequate charge voltage range
(guaranteed specified value)
Early battery deterioration region
60˚C withstand voltage limit
1
510Ω
Prohibited operating range
ML-1220
1kΩ
510Ω
ML-2020
330Ω
180Ω
VF of D will be different from the value given above if a current in excess of 10µA flows to the load during operation. Compensation must be provided by the
resistors in such cases.
1
ML cycle life (DOD < 1%)
Cycle number
ML
Patent acquired
1,E+05
1,E+09
For a battery voltage of 2.5V
Approx. 0.6mA or below
R
MA2J728
2.7kΩ
Early battery deterioration region
0V
2.8 to 3.2V (Standard voltage: 3.1V)
ML-621
D
3.2V
ML-614
R2
DOD (%)
Approx. 0.3mA or below
REG
R2
Load
3.5
1,E+06
1,E+04
1/1,024 1/512
68
R1
1,E+07
1,E+04
1/1,024 1/512
Fixed-voltage charge
ML-614
1.5kΩ
5.1kΩ
5V
1,E+08
Recommended charging circuits - basic conditions
Approx. 0.15mA or below
MA2J728
R1
Patent acquired
Patent acquired
1,E+09
It is not possible for the battery capacity to recover com-
ML-421
3.1V
ML-421
ML
D1
1.8kΩ
D
ML cycle life (DOD < 1%)
terminal (case) may occur, causing leakage.
Charge current:
Patent acquired
R2
R2
100
deterioration. Also, with a charge voltage around 4V, corro-
pletely when the charging voltage is below the specification.
R1
R1
R
MA2J728
D2
D3
D
5V
5V
D
3.2V
For D2, select a diode of small inverse current (Ir=1µA/5V)
D1, D2: MA3X716 (Diode type code)
D3: MA3X704, MA2J728
Patent acquired
1,000
1
ML
0V
10
If the charging voltage exceeds the specifications, the inter-
D3
D1
REG
Standard circuits
R
ML
Load
Load
at the temperature of -20°C to +60°C.
R2
10,000
Cycle number
If a fixed-charging method is applied, please adhere to the
D
GND
R2
R1
100,000
ML
acquired
D
0V
ML cycle life (DOD > 1%)
Charge voltage:
Constant
Patent
voltage element
-
100
R
ML
5V
10
DOD (%)
sion of the
+
R1
1
ML cycle life
1
D2
D1
0V
10
right
wrong
D3
R2
-
5V
~2.8V
guaranteed
100 charge voltage.
5.1kΩ
Load
ML
MA2J728
Load Load
Cycle number
10,000
3.1V
ML-1220
D
LoadLoad
100,000
3.3V
R 1 GND
~2.8V
ML cycle life (DOD > 1%)
5V
Constant
voltage element
5V
Inadequate range
6.2kΩ
ML-920
ML
2.5
3.1V
GND
-
this precaution will cause the battery voltage to rise to about
5V, resulting in a deterioration of performance.
Load
Early battery deterioration region
R
MA2J728
ML-621
Prohibited operating range
60˚C withstand voltage limit
Under no circumstances should constant current charging,
Constant
voltage element
~2.8V
3.5
it carefully as the wrong charging circuit can cause trouble.
Precautions regarding the charge voltage setting
D
R
justice will be done to the battery characteristics. Consider
D
3.2V
ML-614
Charge voltage (V)
Operating temperature
other rechargeable
batteries together, and do not use new
Patent acquired
The lower the charging
voltage becomes, the less
the capacity becomes.
Operational range
Prohibited operating range
Inadequate range
2.5
3.5
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
3.0
Operational
oltage (V)
1
REG
Adequate charge voltage range
Early battery deterioration region
range
The lower the charging Prohibited operating range
69
MANGANESE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (ML SERIES)
ML-421
MANGANESE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (ML SERIES)
ML-614
ML-621
DIMENSIONS (MM)
3
ML-920
DIMENSIONS (MM)
9.5 max.
+0
Ø6.8 -0.15
2.7 max.
2.0±0.5
2.0
+0
2.1 -0.20
+0
+0
0.15
0.5
(max.)
0.05
Ø5.2
1.4 -0.15
0.05
(min.)
2.1 -0.15
0.05
(min.)
Ø4.0±0.3
Ø5.0±0.3
(min.)
+0
Ø6.8 -0.15
+0
Ø4.8 -0.15
2.1
12.8±0.5
Ø
(3.3)
3
ML-920/DN
Model number
ML-421
Model number
ML-614
Model number
ML-621
Model number
ML-920
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
2.3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
3.4
Nominal capacity (mAh)
5.0
Nominal capacity (mAh)
11.0
Diameter (mm)
4.8
Diameter (mm)
6.8
Diameter (mm)
6.8
Diameter (mm)
9.5
Total height (mm)
2.1
Total height (mm)
1.4
Total height (mm)
2.1
Total height (mm)
2.0
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-20 to +60
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-20 to +60
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-20 to +60
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-20 to +60
Weight (g)
0.1
Weight (g)
0.2
Weight (g)
0.2
Weight (g)
0.4
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
Discharge capacity (mAh)
0.5
0
0.5
3.0
1.5 1.0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
Discharge capacity (mAh)
3.0
CHARGE VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CAPACITY
0
0
0.5
0.5
1.0
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5 3.0
Discharge capacity (mAh)
1.5
2.0
2.5 3.0
Discharge capacity (mAh)
3.5
3.5
1.0
0.50
4.0
5,000
3.0
20°C
Load: 1MΩ
2.5
2.0
20°C
1.5
0
1.0 2.7
2.6
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
2.8
0.5
0
2.6 2.7
2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3
Charge voltage (V)
3.4
1,000
500
500
100
50
10
100
50
1
1
5
10
10
50 100
500 1,000
Consumption current (μA)
5,000 10,000
2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3
Charge voltage (V)
3.4
1
3.0
4.0
4.0
2.5
3.5
3.5
2.0
Voltage
Current
2.0
1.5
0.5
1.0
1.5
0.5 0
1.0
0
1
5
10
50 100
500 1,000
Consumption current (μA)
5,000 10,000
5
Current
10
5
10
15
45
50
Duration (hours)
5
10
15
1.0
1.5 0.5
1.0
7
20°C
1.5
0
0
2
2
4
6
8
10
Discharge capacity (mAh)
12
4
6
8
10
Discharge capacity (mAh)
7
1.0
3.1V 0.9
0.8
1kΩ0.7
0.6
3.1V
ML621
0.5
3.1V
0.4
1kΩ
ML621 1kΩ 0.3
0.2
30 35 ML621
40 0.145
20 25
Duration (hours)
Current
20 25 30 35 40
15
2.0
20°C
14
12
14
CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME
Voltage
3.0
3.0
1.5
2.5
2.5
2.0
1.0
0.5 0
Cut off voltage: 2.0V
2.8
6
Voltage
Voltage (V)
0.5
3.5
1,000
Voltage (V)Voltage (V)
1.0
Duration (days)
1.5
2
3
4
5
Discharge capacity (mAh)
4.0
10,000
Duration (days)
Discharge capacity (mAh)
Discharge capacity (mAh)
2.0
Discharge capacity (mAh)
1
2.5
0.5
CHARGE CHARACTERISTICS
5,000
Load: 1MΩ
2
3
4 20°C
5
6
Charge characteristics: 3.1V, 1kΩ, 45hrs
1
0
CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME
2.5
20°C
Charge characteristics: 3.1V, 1kΩ, 60°C
45hrs
1
2
3
4-20°C 5
6
7
20°C
60°C
Discharge capacity (mAh)
-20°C
Charge characteristics: 3.1V, 1kΩ, 45hrs
1.5
0.5
4.0
10,000
3.0
Load: 200kΩ (12μA)
0
2.0
1.0
1.0 0.5
60°C
-20°C
Load: 75kΩ (32μA)
3.0 2.5
2.0
Voltage (V)
20°C
2.0 1.5
Load: 75kΩ (32μA)
3.5 3.0
Voltage (V)
0.5
20°C
2.5 2.0
Load: 200kΩ (12μA)
20
25
30
35
40
CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS.
DURATION
Duration
(hours) TIME
45
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.7
1.0
0.6
0.9
0.5
0.8
0.4
0.7
0.3
0.6
0.2
0.5
0.1
0.4
0.3
50
0.2
0.1
50
10,000
5,000
Duration (days)
Voltage (V)
0.5 2.0
1.5
0
1.0
3.0
3.0 2.5
20°C
1.0 2.5
3.5
4.0
4.0 3.5
5,000 100
50
1,000
10
500
100
1
50
1
5
10
50 100
500 1,000
Consumption current (μA)
5,000 10,000
10
1
10,000
10,000
5,000
5,000
1,000
10,000 500
Duration (days)
1.5 3.0
3.5
Load: 300kΩ (8μA)
DISCHARGE CHARACTERISTICS
Current (mA)
Current (mA)
2.0 3.5
Load: 300kΩ (8μA)
3.0
4.0
2.5
3.5
2.0
3.0
1.5
4.0
2.5
1.0
3.5
2.0
3.0
0.5
1.5
2.5
Load: 200kΩ (12μA)
Current (mA)
Load: 1MΩ (2.5μA)
4.0
Voltage (V)Voltage (V)
4.0
DISCHARGE 3.5
CHARACTERISTICS
Voltage (V)
20°C
2.5 4.0
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
3.0
4.0
DISCHARGE CHARACTERISTICS
Load: 1MΩ (2.5μA)
Voltage (V)
4.0
DISCHARGE
CHARACTERISTICS
3.5
1
5
10
50 100
500 1,000
Consumption current (μA)
5,000 10,000
Duration (days)
Duration (days)
Duration (days)
1,000
1,000
10,000
500
500
5,000
100
100
1,000
50
50
500
10
10
100
501 1
101 1
1
70
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
1
5
10
5
5
50 100
500 1,000
Consumption current (μA)
10
10
5,000 10,000
50 100
500 1,000
Consumption current (μA)
50 100
500 1,000
5,000 10,000
5,000 10,000
The data in this document are forConsumption
descriptive purposes
only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
current (μA)
71
3
MANGANESE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (ML SERIES)
TITANIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (MT SERIES)
3
Insulating tube
ML-1220
ML-2020
Ø
20.0±0.3
2.0
2.9
4.0
DIMENSIONS (MM)
Insulating tube
2.6
2.6
1.5
1.0
12.5±0.3
5.0
14.0
15.25
2.75
0.75
0.75
2.0
2.7
These coin type Manganese Titanium Rechargeable Lithium coin batteries use a LithiumManganese complex oxide for the positive pole and a special Lithium-Titanium complex
oxide for the negative pole. They provide a capacity which is more than 10 times that of
capacitors of the same size.
10.2±0.5
2.0
1.5
1.8
0.15
TITANIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (MT SERIES) –
COIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES
0.2
ML-1220/F1AN
ML-2020/V1AN
Model number
ML-1220
Model number
ML-2020
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal voltage (V)
3
Nominal capacity (mAh)
17.0
Nominal capacity (mAh)
45.0
Diameter (mm)
12.5
Diameter (mm)
20.0
Total height (mm)
2.0
Total height (mm)
2.0
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-20 to +60
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-20 to +60
Weight (g)
0.8
Weight (g)
2.2
DISCHARGE CHARACTERISTICS
4.0
3.5
4.0
DISCHARGE CHARACTERISTICS
3.5
2.0
3.0
1.5
2.5
1.0
2.0
20°C
0
1.0
Load: 100kΩ (24μA)
20°C
0.5
1.5
2
4
6
8
10 12 14 16
Discharge capacity (mAh)
18
20
0
2
4
6
8
10 12 14 16
Discharge capacity (mAh)
18
3.0
1.5
2.5
1.0
2.0
0.5
1.5
0
1,000
Duration (days)
1,000
500
Dimensions with tube (mm)
Diameter
Total height
Approx.
weight (g)
IEC
MT-516
1.5
1.8
5.8
1.6
0.2
–
MT-621
1.5
2.5
6.8
2.1
0.3
–
10
20
30
40
Discharge capacity (mAh)
50
MT-920
1.5
5.0
9.5
2.0
0.5
–
60
5
10
50 100
500 1,000
Consumption current (μA)
5,000 10,000
10
Duration (days)
1
20
30
40
Discharge capacity (mAh)
50
60
50
1,000
10
1
10
100
5,000
50
50
Electrical characteristics at 20°C
Nominal
Nominal*1
voltage (V)
capacity (mAh)
500
10,000
100
100
Model number
CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME
5,000
500
Load: 20kΩ (120μA)
20°C
1.0
10,000
1,000
20°C
0
5,000
Duration (days)
Duration (days)
2.0
10,000
5,000
72
2.5
3.5
20
CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME
10,000
Load: 20kΩ (120μA)
Main power supplies in compact products such as rechargeable watches
Memory back-up power supply
for pagers, timers, etc.
0.5
0.5
1
4.0
Voltage (V)
2.5
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
3.5
APPLICATIONS
Rechargeable Lithium technology
Superior long-term reliability
Years of experience in production
5 00 charge-discharge cycles up to 1V or discharge limit voltage (at 100% depth of discharge)
3.0
3.0
4.0
Voltage (V)
Load: 100kΩ (24μA)
FEATURES
10
500
1
100
1
5
50
10
50 100
500 1,000
Consumption current (μA)
5,000 10,000
10
1
5
10
50 100
500 1,000
Consumption current (μA)
5,000 10,000
1
1
5
10
50 100
500 1,000
Consumption current (μA)
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
5,000 10,000
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to 2.0V at 20°C.
73
3
TITANIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (MT SERIES)
CHARGING
TITANIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (MT SERIES)
MT-621
Approx. 0.5mA or below
MT-516
MT-920
Approx. 1.0mA or below
DIMENSIONS (MM)
3
MT-621
Charging circuits
Mixed usage of batteries
Charging/discharging cycle
Approx. 500 times at 100% discharge
depth to nominal capacity
Charging system*1
Constant-voltage charging.
(Please strictly adhere to the specified
charge voltage)
other rechargeable batteries together, and do not use new
Operating temperature
-10°C to +60°C
same type.
Do not use these batteries and Lithium primary batteries or
batteries and old batteries together even if they are of the
+0
Ø6.8 -0.15
+0
Ø5.8 -0.15
Prohibited operating range
60˚C withstand voltage limit
this precaution will cause the battery voltage to rise to about
Charge voltage (V)
Precautions regarding the charge voltage setting
2.2
Adequate charge voltage range
(guaranteed specified value)
1.4
5V, resulting in a deterioration of performance.
The lower the charging
voltage becomes, the less
the capacity becomes.
Operational range
Inadequate range
Model number
MT-516
Model number
MT-621
Nominal voltage (V)
1.5
Nominal voltage (V)
1.5
Nominal capacity (mAh)
1.8
Nominal capacity (mAh)
2.5
Diameter (mm)
5.8
Diameter (mm)
6.8
Total height (mm)
1.6
Total height (mm)
2.1
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-10 to +60
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-10 to +60
Weight
3.0 (g)
Weight (g)
0.2
Load: 30kΩ
MT
0V
guaranteed charge voltage.
1.0
2.5
0.5
2.0
0
0V
right
wrong
1.5
0.2
0.4
Charge voltage range
If a fixed-charging method is applied, please adhere to the
battery deterioration. Also, with a charge voltage around
terminal (case) may occur, causing
leakage.
It is not possible for the battery capacity to recover com-
pletely when the charging voltage is below the specification.
1.8
2.0
20°C
20°C
2.0 0.5
1.5
0
0.5
1.0
0.5
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
Discharge capacity (mAh)
1.6
1.8
50
30
20 500
300
10 200
5 100
3 50
2 30
1
20
Cut off voltage: 1.0V
10
5
3
2
5 7 10
30 50 100
Consumption current (μA)
300
1,000
Cut off voltage: 1.0V
3
5 7 10
30 50 100
Consumption current (μA)
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
Discharge capacity (mAh)
3.0
3.0
3.5
3.5
500
300
200
100
20°C
Cut off voltage: 1.0V
3
10
20°C
1
0.5
50
500 30
300 20
200 10
100
5
50 3
30 2
1
20
20°C
3
0
2.0
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
Discharge capacity (mAh)
20°C
CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME
500
300
200
100
Duration (days)
internal resistance of the battery will rise and may cause
1.6
CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME
Duration (days)
If the charging voltage exceeds the specifications, the
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
Discharge capacity (mAh)
Load: 30kΩ
2.5 1.0
0.5
specified charging voltage. Guaranteed voltage is 1.8V to 2.6V
at the temperature of -10°C to +60°C.
0.6
1.0
0
3V, corrosion of the
0.05
3.0 1.5
20°C Load: 30kΩ
Voltage (V)
MT
3.0
Duration (days)
Duration (days)
performance may deteriorate early. Be sure to observe the
1.5
Load: 30kΩ
DISCHARGE CHARACTERISTICS
2.0
2.0
Voltage (V)
If the charge voltage goes beyond its adequate range, battery
2.5V
Voltage (V)
DISCHARGE CHARACTERISTICS
5V
0.3
2.5
2.5
2.3V
3.0
Voltage (V)
Early battery deterioration region
which is used for Nickel-Cadmium batteries, be used. Ignoring
+0
3.2
it carefully as the wrong charging circuit can cause trouble.
Under no circumstances should constant current charging,
2.1 -0.2
justice will be done to the battery characteristics. Consider
+0
Influence of the charge voltage on MT batteries
1.6 -0.2
The charging circuit is crucial in terms of ensuring that full
Ø3.5
0.05
Ø2.5
300
1,000
5
3
2
5 7 10
30 50 100
Consumption
current (μA)
20°C
300
1,000
Cut off voltage: 1.0V
1
3
5 7 10
30 50 100
Consumption current (μA)
300
1,000
Recommended charging circuits - basic conditions
Fixed-voltage charge
74
Charge voltage:
1.8 to 2.6V (Standard voltage: 2.2V)
Charge current:
For a battery voltage of 2.3V
MT-516
Approx. 0.36mA or below
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Consult with Panasonic concerning constant-current charging systems.
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
75
3
TITANIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (MT SERIES)
MT-920
DIMENSIONS (MM)
+0
9.5 -0.15
5.0
2.0
0.05
Ø
+0
-0.2
Ø
Model number
MT-920
Nominal voltage (V)
1.5
Nominal capacity (mAh)
5.0
Diameter (mm)
9.5
Total height (mm)
2.0
Discharging temperature range (°C)
-10 to +60
Weight (g)
0.5
3.0
Load: 30kΩ
0.5
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7
Discharge capacity (mAh)
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7
Discharge capacity (mAh)
20°C
1.5
0.52.0
Voltage (V)
Load: 30kΩ
2.0
1.02.5
LONG-STANDING
EXPERIENCE IN HIGH
QUALITY WELDING
AND SOLDERING
METHODS
20°C
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
2.5
1.53.0
4
Load: 30kΩ
2.5
DISCHARGE
CHARACTERISTICS
3.0
2.0
LITHIUM BATTERY TERMINALS AND SOLDERING
20°C
1.0
1.5
0 0.5
0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7
1.0
Discharge capacity (mAh)
CONSUMPTION
CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME
500
300
200
100
Cut off voltage: 1.0V
Duration (days)
Duration (days)
Duration (days)
500
300
Cut off voltage: 1.0V
50 200
30500
20300100
Cut off voltage: 1.0V
200 50
10
100 30
20°C
20
5
3 50
2 30 10
20°C
120
3 5 7 10
30
50 100
300
1,000
5
Consumption current (μA)
10 3
2
20°C
1
3 5 7 10
30 50 100
300
1,000
5
3
Consumption current (μA)
2
1
3 5 7 10
30 50 100
300
1,000
Consumption current (μA)
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Due to Panasonic´s long experience in quality welding and soldering methods, our
3.0
Load: 30kΩ
3.0
2.0
1.53.0
Voltage (V)
Voltage (V)
2.5
1.02.5
Voltage (V)
0.52.0
76
2.5
2.0
1.5
-10°C
customers can always expect the best terminal solution for their application. Our
Load: 30kΩ
20°C
comprehensive line-up of different terminal types covers nearly every requirement –
Load: 30kΩ
60°C
20°C
and custom-made solutions are possible as well.
60°C
20°C
1.0
1.5
-10°C
60°C
0 0.5
0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7
1.0
Discharge capacity (mAh)
-10°C
0.5
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7
Discharge capacity (mAh)
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7
Discharge capacity (mAh)
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
77
4
LITHIUM BATTERY TERMINALS AND SOLDERING
BATTERY TERMINALS
LITHIUM BATTERY TERMINALS AND SOLDERING
conditions inside the dipping device,that the battery body
4
TERMINAL TYPES
temperature may rise after dipping due to the residual heat
Terminal welding
retained. When a post-dipping temperature rise is observed,
For terminal welding on the battery, it is quite important to
review the temperature conditions and consider a dipping time
establish the best welding method and its best conditions in
reduction or a way of forcibly cooling the batteries after dipping.
order to keep the strong weld strength without any damages
on the battery performances. Panasonic mainly use the Laser
Panasonic offers a broad range of different tabs for our Lithium batteries in order to meet
all customer needs. In addition tailormade solutions are possible as well.
H TYPE
V TYPE
G TYPE
T TYPE
F TYPE
S TYPE
Basic conditions
welding method which is applicable to attach terminals on
Solder dipping bath temperature
Not exceed 260°C
even quite small batteries that the spot welding hardly to do
Dipping duration
Within 5 sec.
for. Therefore, our products can correspond exactly and flexi-
Number of dipping
Within 2 times
bly to various applications. Also, we have established our own
high reliable welding capability with a lot of amount of testing
Cautions
data to search the best weld condition for each various com-
Example where the terminals were soldered straight onto a
binations of various battery sizes and terminal shapes, which
coin type Lithium battery, the terminals were connected to a
can be provided for widespread equipments and devices.
PC board or other electronic components, and the heat gener-
Soldering on PCB
ated by the soldering adversely affected the battery, resulting
On the edge of all terminal, Tin plating is applied for increasing
in a deterioration of the battery characteristics:
the reliability of soldering instead of the solder plate in order to
The heat generated when terminals are mounted using
solder causes Lithium to melt.
consider influences on environments.
The separator melts and becomes perforated.
Tin
plating
\ı…c
(on Ni plating)
Tin
plating
\ı…c
(on Ni plating)
The positive and negative poles are welded together,
causing ‘internal shorting.’
Complete Line-up
Panasonic offers a full range of batteries with terminals for
In terms of the battery characteristics, the open-circuit
voltage and electrical capacity are both reduced.
various PCB mounting. Since the terminals come in a variety
Tin
plating
\ı…c
(on Ni plating)
types, please contact Panasonic for further details. On the other
Solder
hand, we also provide battery holders for some limited sizes.
Terminal
Tin
plating
\ı…c
(on Ni plating)
The battery loses its functions or it bursts in rare cases.
Welding
Cathode cap
SOLDERING LITHIUM BATTERIES
Lithium*
Soldering
Separator*
2
Using a soldering iron
Cathode
Solder
Terminal
Do not allow the soldering iron to make direct contact with
Welding
BR-1/2A With axial pin terminal
Cathode cap
Lithium*1
the bodies of the batteries. Proceed with the soldering quickly
Separator*2
within 5 seconds while maintaining the iron tip temperature
Cathode
(0.5)
(Ø14)
1
Automatic dip-soldering bath
Soldering with a dip-soldering bath can be used by condition
but do not allow the temperature of the battery bodies exceed
(24 max.)
(25)
(24 max.)
(Ø0.8)
(or Ø1.0)
tery bodies to exceed 85°C. (Heat resistance BR type is 125°C)
(Ø1.6)
at about 350°C, and do not allow the temperature of the bat-
( ) : Reference dimension (unit: mm)
85°C. It is important to note, depending on the temperature
78
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
*1 Metal whose melting point is about 180°C
* 2 Non woven cloth of polypropylene whose melting point is about 165°C
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
79
5
STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS
PRODUCT CERTIFICATIONS
STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS
CR-2025 (CR2025), CR-2032 (CR2032), CR-2330 (CR2330),
and Eastern European countries joined with the previously
CR-2354 (CR2354), CR-2450 (CR2450)
affiliated nations of COCOM (Japan, America and Europe) and
UL approved batteries
established the Wassenaar Arrangement for dual-use goods
All our Lithium batteries are in compliance with UL 1642
IEC 60086-4
& technologies related to conventional weapons. According
(primary and secondary lithium batteries) - file number MH
Requirements for primary lithium batteries to ensure their
to the Export Trade Control Order revised by the Japanese
12210. These requirements cover lithium batteries intended
safe operation under intended use and reasonably foresee-
Ministry of Economy, Trade & Industry in May 2008, batteries
for use in technician-replaceable or user-replaceable appli-
able misuse.
listed in this catalog are classified as ‘batteries’ not ‘cells’,
cations.
Applicable products in this catalogue: BR, CR
and will therefore not be controlled by (7) in annex Table 1 to
FACTORY CERTIFICATIONS
5
LITHIUM BATTERY TRANSPORTATION
the Order. The above notwithstanding, these batteries may be
subject to the regulations depending on their ultimate destination, application and other conditions. When a certificate of
All our production sites are ISO 9001 und ISO 14001 certified.
The transportation of lithium batteries is regulated by the
classification is required for exportation, etc. or if you have
Moriguchi, Japan and Jakarta, Indonesia sites are additionally
International Air Transport Association (IATA), the Inter­
any queries, contact a Panasonic sales representative.
certified towards TS 16949. Moriguchi, Japan is also certified
national Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and Accord euro-
according to OHSAS 18001.
péen relatif au transport international des marchandises
APPLICABLE STANDARDS
Dangereuses par Route (ADR).
All batteries are approved in accordance to UN Spezial Pro­
IEC 60086-1
vision SP 188 Manual of Tests & Criteria Part III Subsection
Standardization of primary batteries with respect to their
38.3.
electrochemical system, dimensions, nomenclature, terminal configurations, markings, test methods, typical perfor-
Transport test related to UN 38.3 Revision 5 Amendment 2
mance, safety and environmental aspects.
reports are available on request.
Applicable products in this catalogue: BR-2/3A (BR17335),
BR-2/3AG (BR17335), CR-2 (CR15H270), CR-123A (CR17345),
Transport by road/rail
2CR-5 (2CR5), CR-P2 (CRP2), BR-1225 (BR1225), BR-2325
UN 3090 takes place under ADR/RID 2015.
(BR2325), CR-1025 (CR1025), CR-1216 (CR1216), CR-1220
(CR1220), CR-1616 (CR-1616), CR-1620 (CR1620), CR-2012
Transport by sea
(CR2012), CR-2016 (CR2016), CR-2025 (CR2025), CR-2032
UN 3090 takes place under IMDG Code 2014.
(CR2032), CR-2330 (CR2330), CR-2354 (CR2354), CR-2450
(CR2450), CR-3032 (CR3032)
Transport by air
UN 3090 takes place under IATA DGR 2015 56th Edition.
IEC 60086-2
Complements the general information and requirements of
SECURITY EXPORT CONTROL
IEC 60086-1.
‘Security export control’ entails observing the legislation pro-
80
IEC 60086-3
vided to maintain international peace and safety by preventing
Specifies dimensions, designation, methods of tests and
the proliferation of weapons of massive destructions (nuclear
requirements for primary batteries for watches.
weapons, chemical warfare weapons, biological weapons
Applicable products in this catalogue:
and missiles) and the excessive buildup of conventional
BR-1225 (BR1225), BR-2325 (BR2325), CR-1025 (CR1025),
weapons. COCOM, the committee that imposed controls on
CR-1216 (CR1216), CR-1220 (CR1220), CR-1616 (CR-1616),
exports to the Communist bloc, was disbanded on March 31,
CR-1620 (CR1620), CR-2012 (CR2012), CR-2016 (CR2016),
1994. Later, as part of a new export control regime, Russia
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
81
6
AVOIDING HAZARDS AND PREVENTING QUALITY PROBLEMS
AVOIDING HAZARDS
AVOIDING HAZARDS AND PREVENTING QUALITY PROBLEMS
Generating Heat
PREVENTING QUALITY PROBLEMS
Fig. 1 A terminal-mounted battery was inserted into a con-
21 cylindrical type Lithium batteries with tab terminals were
ductive mat. The battery charge was exhausted in several days.
Case Study and Explanation
placed in a 20-piece tray – one battery more than the capacity
To store batteries, place each of the batteries in the sections
of the 20-piece tray. Two of the batteries were placed together
provided on the designated tray in such a way that they will
with their poles reversed. As a result, the tab terminals came
(1) Reduction of battery voltage and deterioration of capacity
not make contact with one another.
into contact with each other, causing external shorting, and
through contact with antistatic conductive materials
the temperature of the two batteries rose dramatically, gen-
Incidents have been reported where terminal-mounted bat-
erating heat and causing the tubes to burst.
teries for memory back-up or coin type Lithium batteries
Ignition
2,000 new batteries were taken out from the 20-piece tray
Reduction of battery voltage and deterioration of capacity
have come into contact with antistatic conductive materials,
containers and thrown randomly into a cardboard box where
Since two batteries were placed in a space (indicated by the
thus forming external discharge circuits and leading to volt-
they were stacked on top of one another. About 30 minutes
arrow) allocated to one battery, their terminals made contact
age drops or capacity deterioration.
later, smoke was seen emanating from the batteries followed
with each other, and external shorting resulted.
by ignition several minutes after that.
+
-
Exc
Conductive mat
+
-
Fig. 2 Battery-mounted PC boards
were inadvertently
Spacer
Conductive mat
brought into contact with spacers and a conductive rubber
In manufacturing plants using ICs, LSI and other semiconductor components, thoroughgoing antistatic measures are
Case study: Ignition of batteries stacked together
6
Con
sheet. The battery charge was exhausted.
Rubber sheet
taken. Various protective materials are used to prevent static:
Spacer
Conduc
most of them have special compounds of carbon, aluminum
foil and other metals and are therefore conductive. These
protective materials are used, for example, in the form
Rubber sheet
Exclusive grounding line
of packaging bags, trays, mats, sheets, films, corrugated
boards and resin cases.
+
-
Conductive
Conductive
rubber sheet
A protective material may have a resistance ranging from
Fig. 3 A battery-mounted PC board was inadvertently
Rupture
Conductive
103 to 106Ω/cm, for instance. This means that
if the mat
and
brought into contact with a conductive resin case. The battery
This particular case involves batteries which were packed in
terminals of a battery come into contact with this material, a
charge was exhausted.
trays and destined for OEMs. The batteries were packed in an
current ranging from several milliamperes to several micro-
intermediate package consisting of 10 trays with each tray con-
amperes will flow and the battery will discharge, causing
Spacer
taining 20 (or 40) batteries, and the trays were stacked on top
voltage drop and capacity deterioration.
Conductive rubber sheet
of each other. The intermediate package (of the 10 trays) was
opened at the distribution stage of our operations, and five of
Generating heat and deterioration of capacity
the trays were delivered to one customer. Since the trays were
Rubber sheet
When batteries are to be used near
protective materials, take
every possible care to ensure that the
and
terminals
stored at an angle inside the box, the batteries fell out of their
To store batteries, place each of the batteries in the sections
of the batteries or PC boards, etc. on which batteries are
positions on the trays and became stacked up on the bottom
provided on the designated tray in such a way that they will
mounted do not touch these protective materials directly.
inside the small box. As a result, some of the batteries burst.
not make contact with one another.
Conductive resin case
Fig. 4 A battery was placed directly on a rubber sheet spread
over a worktable. The
Case study: Bursting of batteries stacked on top of one another
and
terminals were in contact
with the sheet and the battery charge was exhausted.
Exclusive grounding line
+
-
Conductive
rubber sheet
Conductive mat
Conductive rubber sheet
Spacer
82
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
Rubber sheet
83
6
AVOIDING HAZARDS AND PREVENTING QUALITY PROBLEMS
(2) Reduction of battery voltage and deterioration of capacity
AVOIDING HAZARDS AND PREVENTING QUALITY PROBLEMS
1. Remove the batteries from the tray one at a time. If the tray
Memory Erasure Problems
Reference samples see Fig. 1-6
Fig. 1 Soldering
through contact between batteries
is turned upside down, the batteries will come into contact
Coin type Lithium batteries are often used as the power sup-
Incidents have been reported where terminal-mounted bat-
with each other, forming discharge circuits.
plies for memory back-up in various equipment. However
teries for memory back-up or coin type Lithium batteries
2. Do not place batteries randomly in a parts box or other
problems with the erasure of valuable data in the memory
have come into contact each other, thus forming discharge
container. Discharge circuits will be formed by multiple
due to improper contact between the batteries and equipment
circuits (shorted state) and leading to voltage drops or capac-
batteries coming into contact numbers of the batteries,
have been reported.
ity deterioration. Observe the following precautions.
causing the batteries to discharge and drain.
6
1. W hen batteries are to be used continuously for a prolonged
period.
Fig. 2
Select tab terminal-mounted batteries, and solder the
Recommended procedures
Prohibited procedures
tabs to the battery connection terminals of the equipment.
(See fig. 1)
Utilize
tray
taking
batteries
Utilize
thethe
tray
lidlid
in in
taking
outout
batteries
W hen batteries need to be replaced, use a battery holder
throw
batteries
randomly
into
a parts
DoDo
notnot
throw
batteries
randomly
into
a parts
box
turning
over
trays
containing
batteries.
box
byby
turning
over
trays
containing
batteries.
(see fig. 2) or battery with lead wire connectors (see fig.
3). Battery holders made by Panasonic (exclusively for the
Intermediate
package
Intermediate
package
(200
batteries):
(200
batteries):
pieces
× 10
trays
2020
pieces
× 10
trays
CR-2032 and BR-2032, see fig. 2) are available for use.
Fig. 3
2. W hen batteries need to be replaced in the short term,
Tray
containing
batteries
Tray
containing
batteries
select batteries with no terminals or lead wire connectors.
Use of Y-shaped terminals (2-point contact) for both the
Trays
containing
batteries
Trays
containing
batteries
and poles as the shape of the connection terminals in the
tray
(tray
with
hole)
LidLid
tray
(tray
with
nono
hole)
equipment helps to achieve a more stable contact. (See
Batteries
Batteries
fig. 4)
The contact pressure of the contacts should be no less
Fig. 4
than 2 to 10N (approx. 200 to 1,000gf). (See fig. 5)
Parts
box
Parts
box
To prevent momentary contact failure of several millisec-
onds in the circuit, the use of a tantalum capacitor, etc.
with a capacitance of several microfarads is effective.
(See fig. 6)
Discharge
circuits
Discharge
circuits
Trays
containing
batteries
Trays
containing
batteries
For the connection terminals of the equipment, use iron or
stainless steel with nickel plating at the very least. GoldBatteries
being
exhausted
Batteries
being
exhausted
Fig. 5 Excessive load
plating is more suitable when the contact resistance must
2~10N
2~10N
2~10N
2~10N
2~10N
2~10N
be reduced.
Note: Do not touch batteries with bare hands because perspitray
LidLid
tray
Protruding
part
Protruding
part
Battery
being
exhaustedBattery
Battery
being
exhausted
Battery
being
exhausted
being
exhausted
ration (salt), body oil, etc. will increase the surface resistance
which may lead to defective contact.
Fig. 6
Lay
a tray
and
place
a tray
containing
Lay
a tray
lidlid
flatflat
and
place
a tray
containing
batteries
batteries
pushed
batteries
onon
toptop
of of
it: it:
batteries
areare
pushed
protrusions
tray
that
they
upup
byby
protrusions
of of
thethe
lidlid
tray
soso
that
they
can
easily
picked
with
fingers.
can
bebe
easily
picked
upup
with
fingers.
84
Contact
batteries
with
each
other
forms
Contact
of of
batteries
with
each
other
forms
discharge
circuits,
thus
batteries
discharge
circuits,
thus
thethe
batteries
areare
drained.
drained.
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty.
85
CONTACT
United Kingdom/Ireland
Panasonic Automotive & Industrial
Systems Europe GmbH (PAISEU)
Willoughby Road
Bracknell Berkshire
RG12 8FP
England
Phone: +44 1344 - 85 32 60
Fax: +44 1344 - 85 33 13
Panasonic Italia
Branch Office of Panasonic Marketing Europe GmbH
Viale dell’Innovazione 3
20126 Milano
Italy
Phone: +39 02 - 6788 - 232
Fax: +39 02 - 6788 - 207
Spain/Portugal
Panasonic Automotive & Industrial
Systems Europe GmbH (PAISEU)
Sucursal en España
Parque Empresarial @ Sant Cugat,
Via Augusta 15-25
Edificio B2 Planta 4 Oficina 17
08174 Sant Cugat del Valles
Barcelona
Spain
Phone: +34 93 - 504 30 10
Fax: +34 93 - 675 58 92
France
Panasonic Automotive & Industrial
Systems Europe GmbH (PAISEU)
10, rue des petits ruisseaux
91370 Verrières-le-Buisson
France
Phone: +33 1 - 60 13 57 62
Fax: +33 1 - 60 13 57 72
Germany
(all other European countries)
Panasonic Automotive & Industrial
Systems Europe GmbH (PAISEU)
Winsbergring 15
22525 Hamburg
Germany
Phone: +49 40 - 85 386 - 373
Fax: +49 40 - 85 386 - 238
E-mail and website for all countries
battery-solutions@eu.panasonic.com
http://eu.industrial.panasonic.com/
Appe2ve.1
rsion
and on
lin
Website for Panasonic Battery Finder
Get more information on Panasonic Battery
Finder website.
http://eu.industrial.panasonic.com/
battery-finder
App Stores for Panasonic Battery Finder
The Panasonic Battery Finder is available for
Android and iOS (iPhone) devices and can be
downloaded free of charge in app stores. Scan
QR code to go to app store and download app.
Notice to Readers
It is the responsibility of each user to ensure that every battery application is adequately designed
safe and compatible with all conditions encountered during use, and in conformance with existing
standards and requirements. This literature contains information concerning cells and batteries
manufac­tured by Panasonic Corporation. This information is descriptive only and is not intended
to make or imply any representation, guarantee or warranty with respect to any cells and batteries.
Cell and battery designs are subject to modification without notice.
This catalog has been produced using un­­chlo­ri­nated paper.
For more details please contact:
®
Panasonic is a registered trademark of Panasonic Corporation.
Printed in Germany 2015
© Panasonic Corporation
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