FOX3 Hardware Manual
THIS
DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE AT HTTP://WWW.FALCOM.DE/
.
FOX3
Hardware manual
Version: 1.0.8; Modified: Thursday, February 19, 2015
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
Table of contents
1 Introduction......................................................................................6
1.1 General................................................................................................................................... 6
1.2 Package.................................................................................................................................. 8
1.3 Circuit concept........................................................................................................................ 9
1.4 Related documents............................................................................................................... 10
2 Security............................................................................................11
2.1 General information............................................................................................................. 11
2.2 Exposure to RF energy.......................................................................................................... 11
2.3 Driving.................................................................................................................................. 11
2.4 Electronic devices................................................................................................................. 11
2.5 Vehicle electronic equipment............................................................................................... 12
2.6 Medical electronic equipment.............................................................................................. 12
2.7 Aircraft................................................................................................................................. 12
2.8 Children................................................................................................................................ 12
2.9 Blasting areas....................................................................................................................... 12
2.10 Potentially explosive atmospheres..................................................................................... 12
2.11 Safety for Li-Polymer Batteries .......................................................................................... 13
2.11.1 Safety precautions while charging the battery...............................................................................13
2.11.2 Safety precautions while discharging Li-Polymer battery...............................................................13
2.11.3 Safety precautions when replacing the battery..............................................................................13
2.12 Non-ionizing radiation........................................................................................................ 14
3 Safety standards..............................................................................15
4 Technical data..................................................................................16
4.1 Product features................................................................................................................... 16
4.1.1 Power consumption for FOX3...........................................................................................................18
4.1.2 Operating temperatures...................................................................................................................19
4.1.3 GSM/GPRS engine features..............................................................................................................20
4.1.4 GNSS engine features.......................................................................................................................21
4.2 NMEA data message............................................................................................................. 22
5 FOX3 application interface...............................................................23
5.1 Power supply........................................................................................................................ 23
5.1.1 Power supply pins (1 and 2) on the 8-pin connector........................................................................23
5.1.2 Automatic shutdown........................................................................................................................23
5.1.3 Power saving.....................................................................................................................................24
5.2 Determining the External Equipment Type...........................................................................24
6 Hardware Interfaces.......................................................................25
6.1 Main Port (8pin connector).................................................................................................. 26
6.1.1 Main Port Pinout..............................................................................................................................26
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Page 2 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
6.1.2 Installation cable (KA70-FOX3-KFZ-INST-1,5M-2x4).........................................................................27
6.1.3 Special pin description (Pins 4, 5, 6).................................................................................................27
6.1.3.1
6.1.3.2
6.1.3.3
6.1.3.4
6.1.3.5
How to use I/O pins (4, 5, 6) as analog inputs................................................................................28
How to use I/O pins (4, 5, 6) as digital Inputs.................................................................................29
How to use I/O pins (4, 5, 6) as digital outputs...............................................................................30
How to use IGN pin(pin 3)..............................................................................................................31
Serial Port 0 - Serial communication signals (RxA and TxA)............................................................32
6.2 Accessory Port (6pin connector)........................................................................................... 32
6.2.1 Accessory Port Pinout.......................................................................................................................32
6.2.2 1-Wire interface description.............................................................................................................33
6.2.2.1 Serial Port 1 - Serial communication signals (RxA_1 and TxA_1)....................................................34
6.3 Inserting a SIM card into the SIM holder..............................................................................34
6.3.1 How to enter the PIN of the inserted SIM card................................................................................36
6.4 LED indicators....................................................................................................................... 37
6.5 10pin mini-USB port............................................................................................................. 38
6.5.1 Setting up a USB connection for FOX3..............................................................................................38
6.5.1.1 Installing the USB driver files for FOX3...........................................................................................39
6.5.2 IOBOX-MINI accessory device for FOX3............................................................................................41
6.5.2.1 Connecting IOBOX-MINI to FOX3...................................................................................................41
6.5.2.2 IOBOX-MINI pinout.........................................................................................................................42
6.6 Mounting.............................................................................................................................. 43
6.6.1 External Antenna Ports.....................................................................................................................44
6.7 Audio Interface..................................................................................................................... 45
7 Housing...........................................................................................46
8 Appendix.........................................................................................47
8.1 Schematics............................................................................................................................ 47
8.1.1 Installation guidance for 8-pin double row connector.....................................................................47
8.2 What should be considered when using FOX3 device...........................................................48
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Page 3 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
Version history:
This table provides a summary of the document revisions.
Version
Author
1.0.8
F. Beqiri
- Unnamed: PAID-FEATURE in PREMIUM-FEATURE
02/19/2015
1.0.7
F. Beqiri
- Added point 6 in chapter 6.5.1.1 - Activation of the setting/option "Load-VCP" after installing the
FTDI driver.
10/27/2014
1.0.6
F. Beqiri
- Added chapter 2.11.3, "Safety precautions when replacing the battery"
10/24/2014
1.0.5
F. Beqiri
- Added power consumption @ 24 VDC - see Table 2.1
01/07/2014
1.0.4
F. Beqiri
- Added: KA70 (3-Wires installation cable (V+, GND, IGN) - optional accessory)
16/05/2014
1.0.3
F. Beqiri
- Added: Power consumption @ 12 VDC - see chapter 4.1.1
- Added: Installing USB drivers - see chapter 6.5.1.1
14/05/2014
1.0.2
F. Beqiri
- Added figure 1 in chapter 1.1
30/01/2014
1.0.1
F. Beqiri
- Chapter 6.1.3 updated
27/01/2014
1.0.0
F. Beqiri
Changes
- Initial version.
Modified
15/12/2013
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Page 4 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
Cautions
The information furnished herein by FALCOM is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no
responsibility is assumed for its use. Please, read carefully the safety precautions.
If you have any technical questions regarding this document or the product described in it, please
contact your vendor.
General information about FALCOM and its range of products are available at the following Internet
address: http://www.falcom.de/
Trademarks
Some mentioned products are registered trademarks of their respective companies.
Copyright
This document is copyrighted by FALCOM GmbH with all rights reserved. No part of this
documentation may be reproduced in any form without the prior written permission of FALCOM
GmbH.
FALCOM GmbH
No liability (incl. patent liability) is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained
herein.
Note
Because our products are being continuously improved, specifications and information given in this
document are subject to change by FALCOM without notice.
This confidential document is a property of FALCOM GmbH and may not be copied or circulated without previous permission.
Page 5 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
1 INTRODUCTION
This product manual is only addressed to qualified personnel who are well skilled in
electronical/electrical installation and not to the private consumers/end users. The installation,
implementing or setting into operation of the product can be performed only by qualified personnel.
The product status described in this document may have changed since first publication and therefore
the information in this document about the product status may be outdated. The latest product
information is available in the download area of the FALCOM website.
The engineering of this AVL product is built on the same technology combining both versions of the FOXIN/EN devices with additional hardware extensions into one product. The main characteristic of this
product is the on-board auto-switch that it supports connection to both internal and external antennas
by automatically switching to the external antennas when connected. This AVL product is the first design
to feature a hardware implementation of this technology.
1.1
General
FALCOM is using state-of-the-art technology to develop unique and low-cost devices for managing
assets and vehicle tracking more effectively than current systems on the market today. FOX3 is a
compact and all-in-one device with powerful integration capability combining all features of the
successful FOX-IN/EN family into only 1 unit. It provides analog ports and integrates with 1-Wire
interface. The 1-Wire interface supports connection with multiple sensors and actuators, which can
simply be built by wiring together without using different wires. 1-wired accessories such as iButton,
Temperature Logger, Temperature Sensor, Humidity sensor… etc. can be connected directly to the FOX3
device. A highlight of the FOX3 device is that in addition to its on-board antennas, it supports 2 FAKRA
connectors for external antenna connections. This feature allows flexible solutions for both internal and
external antenna applications and enables a single flexible product to support multiple applications or
installation options. Logistics provider can be performed using the barcode scanner or FALCOM RFID
device that communicates to the FOX3 device using RS232 interface.
Figure 1: FOX3 networking and interfaces to peripheral devices.
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Page 6 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
Newly developed FALCOM PREMIUM features show the way to the future of mobile data logging,
storing, processing and sending. The needed hardware options can be decided shortly before installation
depending on the application. FOX3 can act as a mobile client for various regular applications like AVL,
fleet management, security and recovery of assets. The device offers new firmware features like: TCP
DATA ENCRYPTION, several HISTORY MODES and ECO-DRIVE/BEHAVIOUR LOGGING beside standard
items like status reports, messaging alerts, audio calls, spy calls and Geo-fencing.
The FOX3 unit is delivered without SIM card and without battery. SIM cards must first be purchased and
then registered into the GSM network before installing into the device. The battery can be ordered as an
option (refer to the Ordering Guide for more information). The setup and configuration of the device is
provided through Serial Ports, over SMS and TCP using special commands like “PFAL” and the
Workbench Software configuration tool. These "PFAL" commands are special to FALCOM AVL devices
and can be used for all kinds of communications including Serial, SMS, CSD, TCP and SMTP. Please read
the document "AVL_PFAL_Configuration_Command_Set.pdf" for more details about the PFALCommands.
Geofence features for territory management, route verification, prohibited locations, parking area and
more with exception reporting to a wide variety of events, such as arrivals, departures, deliveries, pickups, illegal entries, unauthorized movement, etc are also implemented in the firmware. FOX3 contains a
data-logger (history feature) that enables you to archive unique vehicle locations in sequence up to 45
days for later analysis and evaluation, for example with an archiving interval up to 20 sec..
The physical interface to the device application is made through integrated main and accessory ports as
well as the 10pin mini-USB port. These ports are required for controlling the unit, receiving GPS location
data, transferring data, power supply, extending the number of I/Os as well as for the use of extra
external devices which are not integrated in the In-Vehicle Computers.
FOX3 is a device that can be configured and integrated onto any asset platform, including:

Trailers

Trucks

Delivery vans

Rail cars

Industrial vehicles

and more
and it can be used in a variety of applications, including:
 Real time online tracking
 Fleet management / monitoring
 Security / emergency services
 Real time satellite navigation
 Territory management
 Personalized drivers logbook
 Route verification
 Trip management / Distance calculations
 Theft protection
 Toll collection / pay as you drive
 Eco-Drive - (PREMIUM feature)
 Encrypted TCP communication based on AES 128 bit algorithm - (PREMIUM feature)
 and more.
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Page 7 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
Figure 2:
1.2
VERSION 1.0.8
GSM/GPRS and GPS based vehicle tracking applications with FOX3
Package
The FOX3 device is supplied to the customer in a cardboard box with following content:
Figure 3:
FOX3 standard delivery
Figure 3.1:
FOX3 Accessories (to be ordered separately)
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Page 8 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
1.3
VERSION 1.0.8
Circuit concept
The architecture of the FOX3 device consists of the following major components (as shown below):
Architecture Integrates
- Quad-Band GSM/GPRS module
- GNSS receiver (GPS + GALILEO + GLONASS) - GLONASS needs to be activated
- ARM7 processor controlling system functions
- Inside SIM card holder (1.8/3V SIM cards)
- Internal GSM/GNSS antennas
- Main Port (Power, RS232 port, I/O ports)
- Accessory Port (1-Wire, RS232 port, I²C interface)
- 10pin mini-USB-connector (incl. SPI & USB)
- Audio connector (Microphone & Speaker)
- GSM & GNSS antenna ports (for external antennas)
Physical Interfaces
FOX3 accessories and hardware PREMIUM features
- 1 x Power supply lines
- Backup battery 1000 mAh (B1 Option)
- 3 x Multi-line I/O
- IOBOX-MINI - I/O extension module
- 1 x Ignition
- IOBOX-CAN - Second CAN-Bus interface
- 3 x LED indicators
- Car installation cable (KA70-FOX3-KFZ-INST-1.5m-2x4)
- 2 x RS232 port (RX, TX, GND) V24
- CAN-Bus Interface
- 1 x 2.5mm audio port
- RS485 port
- 1 x USB port
- 1 x SPI interface (for IOBOX-MINI/ BT / CAN)
- 1 x 1-Wire port
- 1 x I²C port
- 2 x External antenna port
- 8 x Mounting Holes
Table 1:
Figure 4:
FOX3 architecture
FOX3 block diagram
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Page 9 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
1.4
VERSION 1.0.8
Related documents
In addition to this document, the following files comprise the full set of FALCOM FOX3 product manuals:
NR
PDF file name
Description
[1]
AVL_PFAL_Configuration_Command_Set.pdf
Contains the description of the internal firmware and the supported
Configuration Command Set for the AVL devices.
[2]
AppNotes_Transform_history_data.pdf
Contains information of how to decode history data that are being transmitted
from a FALCOM AVL device via TCP connection.
[3]
AppNote_Remote_update.pdf
Contains information of how to upgrade FALCOM AVL devices to a new firmware
revision remotely via TCP (server based application).
[4]
AppNotes_AVL_Installation_Guide.pdf
This document provides all the necessary information how to install your
FALCOM product properly and safely in a vehicle.
[5]
AppNotes_ECO-DRIVE-GPS.pdf
This document contains information of how to use the features of the GPS-ECODRIVE supported as PREMIUM-FEATURE in the firmware version avl_2.11.0 and
above.
[6]
AppNotes_AES_TCP.pdf
This document contains information of how to use the features of the AES_TCP
(ADVANCED ENCRYPTION STANDARD) supported as PREMIUM-FEATURE in the
firmware version avl_2.10.0 and above.
[7]
AppNotes_HowToActivatePremiumFeatures.pdf
This document contains information of how to activate a PREMIUM-FEATURE on
a FALCOM AVL device.
[8]
AVL_AppNote_RFID_Howto.pdf
This document contains information of how to connect and use an RFID-Reader
to/with the FALCOM AVL devices.
[9]
AppNotesForCANBusApplication.pdf
This document contains information of how to connect an the FALCOM AVL
devices to the vehicle and how to configure and use the CAN-Bus features.
[10]
AppNote_CAN_FMS_CAN_OBDII_Howto.pdf
This document contains information of how to connect an the FALCOM AVL
devices to the vehicle and how to configure and use the CAN-Bus/FMS/OBDII
features.
[11]
AppNote_WebUpdate_Howto.pdf
This document contains information of how to upgrade an AVL device firmware
remotely over the air.
[12]
AVL_STEPPII_AppNote_Connecting_Barcode_Sca
nner.pdf
This document contains information of how to connect a bar code scanner to a
FALCOM AVL device and how to transmit the scanned data.
[13]
STEPPIII_FOX_BOLERO_LT_Software_Update.pdf
Contains information how to upgrade a FALCOM AVL device to a new firmware
version locally via serial port.
[14]
AppNotesRemoteUpdateWithWorkbench.pdf
Contains information how to upgrade a FALCOM AVL devices to a new firmware
version remotely via TCP.
These PDF files are viewable and printable from Adobe Reader. If you do not have the Adobe Reader installed, you can
download it from http://www.adobe.com.
This confidential document is a property of FALCOM GmbH and may not be copied or circulated without previous permission.
Page 10 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
2 SECURITY
IMPORTANT FOR THE EFFICIENT AND SAFE OPERATION OF YOUR GSM-MODEM, READ THIS
INFORMATION BEFORE USE!
Your cellular engine FOX3 is one of the most exciting and innovative electronic products ever developed.
With it, you can stay in contact with your office, your home, emergency services and others, wherever
service is provided.
This chapter contains important information for the safe and reliable use of the FOX3 device. Please
read this chapter carefully before starting to use the cellular engine FOX3.
2.1
General information
Your FOX3 device utilizes the GSM/GPS standard for cellular technology. GSM is a newer radio frequency
(„RF“) technology than the current FM technology that has been used for radio communications for
decades. The GSM standard has been established for use in the European community and elsewhere.
Your FOX3 is actually a low power radio transmitter and receiver. It sends out and receives radio
frequency energy. When you use your modem, the cellular system handling your calls, controls both the
radio frequency and the power level of your cellular modem.
SIM cards are needed for the use of the acquired devices, which are not included in the scope of delivery
of the device. The SIM cards can be acquired e.g. by specific providers. Additional costs can result from
the use of the SIM cards which are to be borne by the purchaser (client) of the devices. The seller does
not cover the extra costs for the use of the devices. The seller gives no recommendation for the use of
specific SIM cards and is not liable for the fact that the devices are usable with all available SIM cards.
The seller is also not liable for any other costs that are needed for the application of the customer in
connection with this device.
2.2
Exposure to RF energy
There has been some public concern about possible health effects of using GSM modems. Although
research on health effects from RF energy has focused for many years on the current RF technology,
scientists have begun research regarding newer radio technologies, such as GSM. After existing research
had been reviewed, and after compliance to all applicable safety standards had been tested, it has been
concluded that the product is fit for use.
If you are concerned about exposure to RF energy, there are things you can do to minimize exposure.
Obviously, limiting the duration of your calls will reduce your exposure to RF energy. In addition, you can
reduce RF exposure by operating your cellular modem efficiently by following the guidelines below.
2.3
Driving
Check the laws and regulations on the use of cellular devices in the area where you drive. Always obey
them. Also, when using your FOX3 while driving, please pay full attention to driving, pull off the road and
park before making or answering a call if driving conditions so require. When applications are prepared
for mobile use, they should fulfil road-safety instructions of the current law!
2.4
Electronic devices
Most electronic equipment, for example in hospitals and motor vehicles is shielded from RF energy.
However, RF energy may affect some malfunctioning or improperly shielded electronic equipment.
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Page 11 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
2.5
VERSION 1.0.8
Vehicle electronic equipment
Check your vehicle manufacturer’s representative to determine if any on board electronic equipment is
adequately shielded from RF energy.
2.6
Medical electronic equipment
Consult the manufacturer of any personal medical devices (such as pacemakers, hearing aids, etc.) to
determine if they are adequately shielded from external RF energy.
Turn your FOX3 device OFF in health care facilities when any regulations posted in the area instruct you
to do so. Hospitals or health care facilities may be using RF monitoring equipment.
2.7
Aircraft
Turn your FOX3 OFF before boarding any aircraft. Use it on the ground only with crew permission. Do
not use it in the air.
To prevent possible interference with aircraft systems, Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulations
require you to have permission from a crew-member to use your modem while the plane is on the
ground. To prevent interference with cellular systems, local RF regulations prohibit using your modem
whilst airborne.
2.8
Children
Do not allow children to play with your FOX3 device. It is not a toy. Children could hurt themselves or
others (by poking themselves or others in the eye with the antenna, for example). Children could
damage the modem or make calls that increase your modem bills.
2.9
Blasting areas
To avoid interfering with blasting operations, turn your device OFF when in a “blasting area” or in areas
posted: „turn off two-way radio“. Construction crew often uses remote control RF devices to set off
explosives.
2.10 Potentially explosive atmospheres
Turn your FOX3 device OFF when in any area with a potentially explosive atmosphere. It is rare, but your
modems or their accessories could generate sparks. Sparks in such areas could cause an explosion or fire
resulting in bodily injury or even death. Areas with a potentially explosive atmosphere are often, but not
always, clearly marked. They include fuelling areas such as petrol stations; below decks on boats; fuel or
chemical transfer or storage facilities; and areas where the air contains chemicals or particles, such as
grain, dust or metal powders. Do not transport or store flammable gas, liquid or explosives, in the
compartment of your vehicle, which contains your modem or accessories.
Before using your modem in a vehicle powered by liquefied petroleum gas (such as propane or butane)
ensure that the vehicle complies with the relevant fire and safety regulations of the country in which the
vehicle is to be used.
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Page 12 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
2.11 Safety for Li-Polymer Batteries
The FOX3 device is shipped without battery inside. If a backup battery is needed, please refer to the
FALCOM Ordering Guide and follow the safety rules listed below.
The safety rules below are applied for the Li-Polymer internal battery. Lithium-Polymer (abbreviation:
LiPo) batteries require particularly careful handling. This applies to charging and discharging techniques,
and also to storage and other aspects of general handling. Mistreating the battery may cause the battery
to get hot, crack, or inflame and cause serious injury. In order to avoid any damage and extend the life
expectancy of battery, please follow the safety rules listed below before using FOX3 devices with battery
option:
 Do not place the battery on, in or near fires, apparatus that provide heat, or other hightemperature locations. Do not place the battery in direct sunshine, or use or store the battery
inside cars in hot weather. Doing so may cause the battery to generate heat, crack, or inflame.
Using the battery in this manner may also result in a loss of performance.
 Do not attach the battery to a power supply plug or directly to a car’s cigarette lighter.
 Do not pierce the battery with nails, strike the battery with a hammer, step on the battery, or
otherwise subject it to strong impacts or shocks.
 Do not solder onto the battery contacts.
 Do not allow the battery to get wet.
 Do not disassemble or modify the battery.
 Immediately discontinue use of the battery if, while using, charging, or storing the battery, the
battery emits an unusual smell, feels hot, or appears abnormal in any other way.
 Do not place the batteries in microwave ovens, high-pressure containers, or on induction
cookware.
 In case the battery drips and the fluid gets into one’s eye, do not rub the eye. Rinse well with water
and immediately look for medical care. If left untreated the battery fluid could cause damage to the
eye.
2.11.1 Safety precautions while charging the battery
Be sure to follow the rules listed below while charging the battery. Failure to do so may cause the
battery to become hot, rupture, or ignite and cause serious injury.
 When charging the battery insure that the battery charging conditions specified are met.
The temperature range over which the battery can be charged is 0°C to 40°C. Charging is
interrupted, if the ambient temperature is outside of this range.
2.11.2 Safety precautions while discharging Li-Polymer battery
The temperature range over which the battery can be discharged is -20°C to 60°C. Use of the battery
outside of this temperature range may damage the performance of the battery or may reduce its life
expectancy.
2.11.3 Safety precautions when replacing the battery
The following notes describe information that you must consider when replacing the battery. The
lithium battery must be handled correctly to avoid possible danger.
Replace the battery only with the same battery that comes with the device. Use of another battery
invalidates all warranty claims for the device.
Caution: risk of explosion if battery is replaced by an incorrect type.
Dispose of the used battery as required by local ordinances or regulations.
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Page 13 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
2.12 Non-ionizing radiation
The FOX3 device comes with internal and external GSM/GNSS antennas. Therefore, care should be taken
to install the device/antenna in such a position that no part of the human body will normally rest within
20 cm of any part of the antenna for more than a few minutes whilst the equipment is in use. It is also
recommended to use the device not close to medical devices as for example hearing aids and
pacemakers.
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Page 14 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
3 SAFETY STANDARDS
Your GSM/GPRS/GPS device complies with all applicable RF safety standards.
FOX3 meets the safety standards for RF receivers and the standards and recommendations for the
protection of public exposure to RF electromagnetic energy established by government bodies and
professional organizations, such as directives of the European Community, Directorate General V in
matters of radio frequency electromagnetic energy.
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Page 15 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
4 TECHNICAL DATA
4.1
Product features
 Supply voltage range:
➢
Operating power supply voltage range of +10.8 V to +32.0 V, suitable
for direct connection to an automotive +12V or +24V DC power source
(vehicle battery).
➢
8 different energy-saving modes - programmable with PFAL
commands. See chapter 5.1.3 for more details.
 Power saving:
 Operating temperature range:
➢
- 40°C to + 85°C (see chapter 4.1.2 for more details).
 Physical characteristics:
➢
Size: 83.0 ± 0.5 mm x 105 ± 0.5 mm x 28.0 ± 0.5 mm
➢
Weight (without battery): ca. 130 gr.
➢
Main Port (8pin row connector) comprising:
 Physical Interfaces:
3 x I/Os multi functional pins (each pin has dual functions as analog
or digital - software configurable. Each digital pin can individually
be set as an input or output)
✔ 1 x Ignition pin (software controlled feature)
✔ 1 x Power supply (software controlled feature)
✔ 1 x Serial port (Rx, Tx), Baud rate is controlled by firmware
4800...115200 bps (default=115200 bps), 8 data bits, no parity, 1
stop bit, no flow control.
➢ Accessory Port (6pin row connector) comprising:
✔
✔
✔
✔
➢
1-Wire line for connecting 1-Wire slave devices, such as iButton,
temperature & humidity sensors etc.
I²C interface
1 x Serial port (Rx, Tx), Baud rate is controlled by firmware
4800...115200 bps (default=115200 bps), 8 data bits, no parity, 1
stop bit, no flow control.
10pin mini-USB connector comprising:
USB port
SPI interface.
➢ Inside SIM card holder (supports 1.8/3 V SIM cards)
✔
✔
➢
Built-in 3D G-sensor for power management, motion and shock alarm
➢
3 x LED indicators (red, green, blue) free-programmable
➢
External ports for connecting a GSM / GNSS antenna
➢
Audio interface with 2.5 mm female jack for connecting a headset.
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Page 16 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
 Accessories (to be ordered separately):
➢
Backup Li-Polymer battery (see Ordering Guide)
➢
Car Installation Cable
➢
Accessory Installation Cable
➢
GSM/GPS quad-band antenna (FAL-ANT11) as external antenna
➢
IOBOX-MINI (external I/O extension device - up to 13 inputs/outputs)
➢
Fully shielded.
➢
5 % up to 95 % (non-condensing).
➢
RoHS compliant.
➢
Embedded TCP/IP stack, including TCP, IP, SMTP and UDP protocols
➢
Accessible via PFAL commands
➢
Upgradable locally via serial port and remotely over the air (OTA).
➢
➢
8 Mbyte FLASH for configuration, data-logging and firmware storage
2 MByte RAM.
 Casing:
 Air humidity:
 Directive:
 Firmware:
 Internal memory:
 Supported protocols:
➢
NMEA Msg.:
FALCOM Msg.:
GLL, GGA, RMC, VTG, GSV, GSA
IOP, GSM, AREA, 3DP, BIN - see related
documents [1] and Table 5.
➢
Internal antennas and external antenna ports with built-in auto switch
➢
Connect / Disconnect event generation.
 GSM/GNSS antenna:
This confidential document is a property of FALCOM GmbH and may not be copied or circulated without previous permission.
Page 17 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
4.1.1 Power consumption for FOX3
All measurements have been performed: DCS 1800 MHz, Power Level 10, Cell Power -75dBm, Tamb=
23°C, VIN+ = 12 V DC
Average power consumption @ +12 V
Modes
Comments
Value
Unit
Max.
>1
A
In a transmit burst the current consumption can rise to
typical peaks of 1A
CPU on / GPS off / GSM off
38
mA
Microcontroller is ON.
CPU on / GPS on / GSM off
0
mA
GPS-fix valid.
CPU on / GPS off / GSM on
28
mA
GSM idle (registered) and GPRS detached.
50
mA
Power mode = active, GPS fix valid, GPRS and TCP connected.
25
mA
Power mode = auto, GPS fix valid, GPRS and TCP connected.
12
mA
Power mode = doze, GPS fix valid, GPRS and TCP connected.
CPU on / GPS on / GSM on
Table 2:
Current consumption at 12 VDC
All measurements have been performed: DCS 1800 MHz, Power Level 10, Cell Power -75dBm, Tamb=
23°C, VIN+ = 24 V DC
Average power consumption @ +24 V
Modes
Value
Comments
Unit
Power mode = active
CPU on / GSM on /GPS on
33
mA
Microcontroller is ON, GPS fix valid, GPRS and TCP connected.
CPU on / GSM on /GPS off
25
mA
Microcontroller is ON, GPRS and TCP connected.
Power mode = doze
CPU on / GSM on /GPS on
15
mA
Microcontroller is ON, GPS fix valid, GPRS and TCP connected.
CPU on / GSM on /GPS off
7
mA
Microcontroller is ON, GPRS and TCP connected.
Table 2.1: Current consumption at 24 VDC
Sleep Modes
Average current consumption in sleep mode
@ 12 V (external power)
Unit
IGN
<1
mA
IGN+Ring
12
mA
IGN+Timer
1.5
mA
IGN+GPS
5
mA
Table 2.2: Power supply and current consumption for different sleep modes.
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Page 18 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
4.1.2 Operating temperatures
Parameter
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Storage temperature
-40
+25
85
°C
Storage temperature
-20
+25
+60
°C
Operating temperature
-40
+25
+85
°C
GSM*
-30
+25
+80
°C
0
+25
+45
°C
-20
+25
+60
°C
Charging temperature (battery-operated **)
Discharging temperature (battery-operated **)
*
The GSM/GPRS module is fully functional (-20 °C to + 55 °C meets the 3GPPspecifications).
**
Optional. Storage and using conditions of the device with battery option are limited to the battery temperature range.
Table 3: Operating temperature
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Page 19 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
4.1.3 GSM/GPRS engine features
 GSM/GPRS core:
➢
Quad-Band GSM/GPRS engine: GSM 850, 900, DCS 1800, PCS 1900
➢
Compliant to GSM Phase 2/2+.
➢
Class 4 (2 W) at EGSM900/850
➢
Class 1 (1 W) at GSM1800 and GSM 1900.
➢
➢
GPRS multi-slot class 10
GPRS mobile station class B.
➢
➢
➢
GPRS data downlink transfer: max. 85.6 kbps (see table 4)
GPRS data uplink transfer: max. 42.8 kbps (see table 4)
Coding scheme: CS-1, CS-2, CS-3 and CS-4.
➢
CSD transmission rates: 2.4, 4.8, 9.6, 14.4 kbps, non-transparent, V.110.
➢
Text mode.
➢
Offers a choice of 60 different ringing tones/melodies, easily selectable
with PFAL commands.
 Output power:
 GPRS connectivity:
 DATA:
GPRS:
CSD:
 SMS:
 Ring tones:
 GPRS Coding scheme:
Coding scheme
1 Timeslot
2 Timeslots
4 Timeslots
CS-1:
9.05 kbps
18.1 kbps
36.2 kbps
CS-2:
13.4 kbps
26.8 kbps
53.6 kbps
CS-3:
15.6 kbps
31.2 kbps
62.4 kbps
CS-4:
21.4 kbps
42.8 kbps
85.6 kbps
Table 4: Coding schemes and maximum net data rates over air interface
Please note that, the values listed above are the maximum ratings which, in practice, are influenced by a great
variety of factors, primarily, for example, traffic variations and network coverage.
This confidential document is a property of FALCOM GmbH and may not be copied or circulated without previous permission.
Page 20 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
4.1.4 GNSS engine features
 GNSS engine:
➢
➢
Multi channel GNSS (GPS + Galileo) receiver + (GLONASS optional)
GPS L1 C/A code
➢
Position:
2.5 m CEP
➢
SBAS:
2 m CEP.
➢
Hot starts:
1 sec.
➢
Cold starts:
26 sec.
➢
Tracking:
-161 dBm
➢
Cold start:
-148 dBm.
➢
➢
➢
Velocity:
Altitude:
Max. update rate:
500 m/s (972 knots)
50,000 m
1 Hz.
➢
AGPS:
Online / Offline / Autonomous.
 Accuracy:
 Time to First Fix (TTFF):
 Sensitivity:
 Operational limits:
 A-GPS support:
 Crystal oscillator (TCXO):
➢
Load sensitivity:
± 10 % load change, 0.2 ± ppm.
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Page 21 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
4.2
VERSION 1.0.8
NMEA data message
FOX3 delivers data in the NMEA-0183 format and FALCOM own format. The table below lists the NMEA
and FALCOM supported protocols and gives also a brief description for each of them. For further
description about these protocols, refer to the related documents [1].
These protocols can be sent via SMS, TCP, data call, serial port, e-mail or stored inside the device using
the corresponding PFAL-Commands. For example, the PFAL-Command "PFAL,GSM.Send.TCP..." allows
sending the protocols via TCP to a remote server including the current device location, GPS state, UTC
time, date, speed and course over ground. The received protocols by the server can then be used for
graphically representation of the device location. Installing such a device in a vehicle, lets you know
where your vehicle is, what is happening with your vehicle, has your vehicle been moved without
authorization from a park area, updating vehicle movements in real time and more. The TCP server
developed by FALCOM called "Trace4You" has a lot of such features allowing you to have a full control
of your vehicle, fleet and your assets.
NMEA
Description
GGA
It contains time, position and fix type data.
GLL
It contains latitude, longitude, UTC time of position fix and status.
GSA
It contains satellites used in the position solution and DOP values.
VTG
It contains the number of GPS satellites in view satellite ID numbers, elevation, azimuth and SNR values.
GSV
It contains the number of GPS satellites in view satellite ID numbers, elevation, azimuth and SNR values.
RMC
It contains time, date, position, course and speed data.
FALCOM
Description
IOP
It contains the status of the digital/analog inputs and output ports and battery voltage (if battery available).
GSM
It contains the GSM operator, reception, registration status, GSM field strength, area code and cell ID.
AREA
It contains the state (entered or left the area/geofence) of 32 areas and 100 geofences - such as territory
management, route verification, prohibited locations, parking area and more.
3DP
It contains the state of the motion sensor.
BIN
The user protocol contains time, date, position, course and speed data in binary format (small sized - only 21
characters).
Table 5: NMEA Output Messages
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Page 22 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
5 FOX3 APPLICATION INTERFACE
5.1
Power supply
The power supply for the FOX3 device has to be a single voltage source of V +IN = +10.8 V...+32.0 V DC.
The operating voltage (V+IN) has to be applied permanently to the FOX3 device and able to provide
sufficient current of up to 1.5 A (pulse).
The operating voltage (V+IN and GND) is protected against voltage spikes and reverse polarity, but NOT
protected against continuous overvoltage.
NOTE:
Operating voltage range must never be exceeded; care must be taken in order to fulfill
min/max voltage requirements.
5.1.1 Power supply pins (1 and 2) on the 8-pin connector
One +IN pin on the main 8-pin port is dedicated to connect the supply voltage, and the GND pin for
grounding.
Both +IN and GND pins serve for charging the connected backup battery (option) and also for powering
the FOX3 device. FOX3 has an automatic power ON-function when external power is applied and no
battery connected. The power supply for the FOX3 ranges from V+IN=+10.8 V... +32.0 VDC allowing direct
connection to vehicle power system.
Signal name
I/O
Parameter
Description
+IN
I
+10.8 V...+32.0 VDC. The
operating voltage must never be
exceeded.
Positive operating voltage.
For security reason, it is recommended to protect the input
voltage by and external 2A fuse between the device and d.c.power source (see Fig 15).
GND
-
0V
Ground (should be isolated from the vehicle grounds when the
device is going to be installed in a vehicle)
5.1.2 Automatic shutdown
Automatic shutdown takes effect if:
 under voltage is detected (internal battery level runs below the nominal voltage and the
external power supply is disconnected).
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Page 23 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
5.1.3 Power saving
SLEEP mode reduces the functionality of the modules of the FOX3 device to a minimum and, thus,
minimizes the current consumption to the lowest level. The FOX3 can be set into the sleep mode using
the command $PFAL,Sys.Device.Sleep with one or more parameters listed in the table below.
Following SLEEP modes are supported by the FOX3 device:
Modes
Description
IGN
Device wakes-up from Sleep mode on the rising edge (Low to High signal) of the IGN (pin 3 blue color).
Ring
Device wakes up on incoming voice call or SMS.
Timer=1:20:00
Device wakes up when timeout has expired.
Motion=5,20,20
Device wakes up when motion is detected.
ExtPwrDetect
Device wakes up on external power connection.
ExtPwrDrop
Device wakes up on external power disconnection. For battery powered devices, the device
wakes up when the battery voltage drops below the minimum.
Example
$PFAL,Sys.Device.Sleep=IGN+Ring+Timer=1:20:00
IMPORTANT:
The sleep and wake-up procedures are quite different depending on the selected sleep
mode. Please keep in mind that the power saving with "Ring" parameter works
properly only when the PIN authentication has been done and the device is already
registered in the GSM network. If you attempt to activate power saving while the
device is not registered in the GSM network, the SIM card is not inserted or the PIN
not correctly entered, the device responds error "ring shutdown aborted due to bad
GSM coverage" and the power saving does not take place. For more details, refer to
the manual "AVL_PFAL_Configuration_Command_Set.pdf".
NOTE
This note is related to the battery-powered devices only:
When you sent the device to sleep, make sure that the internal battery of the FOX3
has enough power to safely wake up the device from that sleep mode. If the internal
battery of the FOX3 device does not have enough power, the device can not complete
the wake up operation.
5.2
Determining the External Equipment Type
Before you connect the serial port pins of the FOX3 device to an external equipment, you need to
determine if the external hardware serial ports are configured as DTE (Data Terminal Equipment) or DCE
(Data Communications Equipment).
FOX3 is designed for use as a DCE device. Based on the conventions for DCE-DTE connections, it
communicates with the customer application (DTE) using the following signals:
FOX3 Terminal (DCE)
to
Application (DTE)
RxA
<----------
TXD
TxA
---------->
RXD
GND
-
GND
Table 6: The signalling definitions between DTE and DCE.
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Page 24 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
6 HARDWARE INTERFACES
This chapter describes the hardware interfaces:
Interface specifications
Main Port
The 8pin double-row connector, type: MOLEX-43045-08-MICRO FIT. It provides IN/OUT, power supply
and first serial port (SER0) lines. The same pin functionality as FOX-IN/EN.
Accessory Port
The 6pin double-row connector, type: MOLEX-43045-06-MICRO FIT. It provides 1-Wire bus, I²C master
interface, second serial port (SER1).
10pin-Mini-USB
10pin mini-USB port with SPI interface and USB - Master interface.
Optical LED Indicators
3 x LED indicators, free programmable using PFAL commands to show the device current state .
Mounting Holes
4 x mounting holes for attaching the device to a suitable location (use M4x20 self tapping or machine
screws for mounting, not included).
Audio interface
The audio connector has a diameter of 2.5 mm which allows to connect a SPK/MIC device to the FOX3.
External Antenna Ports
FAKRA connectors for connecting GSM & GNSS antennas.
Battery tray
It is used to insert and connect the battery to the device.
SIM Holder
It is used to insert your SIM card into the device.
Table 7: Interface specifications
Figure 5:
Interface specifications for FOX3 device.
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Page 25 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
6.1
VERSION 1.0.8
Main Port (8pin connector)
Figure 6:
Pin assignments of 8-pin (2x4) connector (Type: MOLEX-43045-08-MICRO FIT)
6.1.1 Main Port Pinout
PIN
NAME
DIRECTION
DESCRIPTION
Power supply input. The power supply must be able to
meet the requirements of current consumption. Care
must be taken so that the operating voltage, applied to
the device, stay within the voltage range. Applying a
voltage outside of the voltage range can damage the
device. For security reason, it is recommended to
integrate externally a 2A fuse link between power source
and FOX3.
V+IN = + 10.8 ... + 32.0 V
Imax ≤ 1.5 A
Ground.
0V
Input
General purpose input. It can be either connected to the
vehicle ignition and be used for journey START and STOP
reports, or be connected to the operating voltage +IN
and be used to wakeup the FOX3 device from IGN-Sleep
mode (awaking from this mode requires a HIGH signal).
See also chapter 6.1.3.4.
HIGH ≥+10.8 .. +32.0 V DC; LOW = 0V
Input/Output
Software configurable pins. Each pin has dual functions
as analog or digital. Each digital pin can individually be
set either as input or output.
Every time the device starts up, a level change occurs on
the I/O2 and I/O3 pins. Only I/O1 doesn't change the
level on device start up.
Pins I/O2 and I/O3 support CAN communication if this
interface is activated. The CAN-Bus interface can be
activated using the corresponding PFAL command (see
PFAL command set for more details). In this case the
I/O2 = CAN_L and the I/O3 = CAN_H).
1
+IN
Input
2
GND
-
3
IGN
4
I/O1
5
I/O2
6
I/O3
7
RxA_0
8
TxA_0
Input
(Serial Port 0) The serial port (receive data) for direct
connection to the host PC (for configuration, evaluation,
firmware). If this pin is not used leave it open.
Output
(Serial Port 0) Serial port (transmit data) for direct
connection to the host PC (for transmitting history data,
output GPS protocols and more). If not used leave it
open.
Table 8:
LEVEL
OUT: 100 mA max. @ +0 .. +32.0V DC
IN: 0 V..+32.0V DC
(High & Low levels are free-programmable)
Analog : Up to 32.0 V DC/10 bits resolution
V24, ±12 V
Description of the main port (8-pin connector)
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Page 26 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
6.1.2 Installation cable (KA70-FOX3-KFZ-INST-1,5M-2x4)
This cable, which is NOT included in the standard delivery, is needed to install your FOX3 to the vehicle.
If you need this cable, you can order it by contacting your vendor.
Figure 7: FOX3 installation cable (KA70-FOX3-KFZ-INST-1,5M-2x4).
6.1.3 Special pin description (Pins 4, 5, 6)
The I/O2 and I/O3 (pin 5 and 6) can also operate as CAN-Bus interface if CAN is activated on the FOX3
device. More details about the CAN interface can be found in the PDF-files:
1) AVL_PFAL_Configuration_Command_Set.pdf,
2) AppNotesForCANBusApplication_xxx.pdf and
3) AppNote_CAN_FMS_CAN_OBDII_Howto_vxxx.pdf.
These pins have dual functions. All are controlled by the internal firmware of FOX3. Therefore, the user
must define whether to use them as analog or digital pins. The configured digital pins can be inputs or
outputs while the analog pins can only be inputs.
Their function is controlled by the command PFAL,IO0[1,2].Config. For example, if you want to use I/O1
as an analog pin, and the I/O2 and I/O3 as digital , then use the following commands respectively:
$PFAL,IO0.Config=AI,2,11
$PFAL,IO1.Config=DI,5,10
$PFAL,IO2.Config=DI,5,10
// 0 = I/O1; AI = analog; 2 and 11 = min. and max. voltages for Low and
High events
// 1= I/O2; DI = digital input; 5 and 10 = min. and max. voltages for Low
and High events
// 2= I/O3; DI = digital input; 5 and 10 = min. and max. voltages for Low
and High events
If you want to use a digital pin, e.g. I/O2 or I/O3, as an digital output pin, then use the following PFAL
command:
$PFAL,IO4.Set=high
$PFAL,IO5.Set=high
$PFAL,IO6.Set=cyclic,2000,1000
//4= I/O1; high = sets output to high
//5 = I/O2; high = sets output to high
//6 = I/O3; cyclic = sets output to high for 2 seconds and low for 1
seconds.
Some examples how to use them are given in the sections below.
When using an I/O as digital pin you must set it first to high (with PFAL command “$PFAL,IO4.Set=high”
or “$PFAL,IO5.Set=high” or “$PFAL,IO6.Set=high”), otherwise 0V will be measured (and the device
could get damaged).
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Page 27 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
6.1.3.1
VERSION 1.0.8
How to use I/O pins (4, 5, 6) as analog inputs
These pins can operate either as digital or analog inputs, however they should be configured and
calibrated with PFAL commands for such purposes.
Analog voltages of up to 32.0V with a 10 bits resolution can be processed and remotely evaluated by a
server application. A pull-up resistor to a constant input voltage allows for resistive transducers to
ground, e.g. fuel sensor or thermistors.
To use these IOs as analog inputs, send the following command to the device.
$PFAL,IO0[1,2].Config=AI,2,11
where 0, 1 and 2 are indices corresponding to IO1 (pin 4), IO2 (pin 5) and IO3 (pin 6),
respectively. While the value 2 and 11 are min. and max. voltages that will be used to generate
Low and High events, respectively. Detailed information can be found in the software manual
“AVL_PFAL_Configuration_Command_Set.pdf“.
Connection example 1 (for I/O1 and I/O2):
An analog input can be connected to a temperature sensor (a NTC resistor for instance). In the
diagram below is used a fixed resistor from the input voltage to the I/O2, and a variable resistor
(Negative Temperature Coefficient - whose resistance or capacitance decreases when
temperature increases) to ground. It is possible to set a low temperature alarm and a high
temperature alarm. Passage through these thresholds will trigger an alarm. We recommend to
use SMS or TCP as alarm type with GPIOP protocol. The SMS can be received on a mobile
phone, modem or any GSM device when changes are detected. The analog-to-digital converter
(ADC) inside the unit has an input voltage range from 0 to 2.5 V. An application example is
shown in figure below:
Figure 8: Connection example 1 when using it as analog input.
Connection example 2 (for I/O1 and I/O2):
An analog input can be connected to a tachometer generator. The maximum output
voltage of the tachometer should be + 32.0 V (see illustrated example in figure below).
Both circuit examples (the NTC diagram above and the Tachometer below) are only illustrations to show
the aim of these I/Os when using them as analog inputs.
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Page 28 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
Figure 8.1:Connection example 2 when using it as analog input.
6.1.3.2
How to use I/O pins (4, 5, 6) as digital Inputs
These pins are high active when used as digital inputs, so you can set VIN(LOW) and VIN(HIGH) to any levels
within the range from +0 to +32.0 VDC. The High and Low levels can be set with PFAL command (e.g.
PFAL,IO0[1,2].Config=DI,5,10) - where 0, 1 and 2 are indices corresponding to IO1 (pin 4), IO2 (pin 5) and IO3 (pin 6)
respectively. The values 5 and 10 are min. and max. voltages that will be used to
generate Low and High events respectively. Detailed information about PFAL
commands
can
be
found
in
software
manual
“AVL_PFAL_Configuration_Command_Set.pdf“.
The figure below illustrates how these inputs can be used in practice. When the internal software
detects input changes from High to Low or vice versa, a Falling or Rising edge Event is respectively
generated. Therefore, depending on the alarm type, the FOX3 can react to the input changes and
release different alarms such as sending out SMS, email messages, TCP packets, opening a CSD
connection or activating output ports. The alarm type is configuration-dependant.
Figure 9: Connection example when using it as digital input.
A completed circuit example for all inputs is attached in section 8.1.1.
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Page 29 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
6.1.3.3
VERSION 1.0.8
How to use I/O pins (4, 5, 6) as digital outputs
The FOX3 device supports three IOs which can be used either as input or output. These outputs are open
collectors. They can be connected directly via resistors (R) to LEDs, Relays etc., which need no more
power than 100 mA @ up to + 32.0 V DC. The figures below show the schematic of possible output
connections.
To
activate
these
outputs
use
the
command
$PFAL,IO4[5,6].Set=high[low,hpulse,lpulse,cyclic] for IO1, IO2 and IO3 respectively or you can configure
one or more alarms that activate these outputs when specific events occur (e.g.
$PFAL,Cnf.Set,AL0=IO.e8=redge:IO4.Set=cyclic,1000,2000).
In order to evaluate this alarm, send firstly this alarm configuration to the FOX3 device and then trigger
IGN-pin to High – as result the IO1 goes High for 1 sec and Low for 2 sec. To set IO1 to Low, just execute
the command PFAL,IO4.Set=Low. For more details how to activate an output and how to configure an
alarm, refer to the manual “AVL_PFAL_Configuration_Command_Set.pdf“. Both figures below show the
schematic connections of how to use this output. Please note that, the power should not be applied
directly to an output pin without having e.g. a resistor between them.
Figure 10: Connection example 1 when using it to control an Relay.
Figure 10.1: Connection example 2 when using it to control an LED.
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Page 30 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
6.1.3.4
VERSION 1.0.8
How to use IGN pin(pin 3)
It is strongly recommended to connect this pin to the ignition key to support the IGN-power saving
function when the vehicle is off.
The IGN-pin has two functions:
✔
It wakes up the system FOX3 from the IGN-sleep mode (when sleeping),
✔
and can be used to monitor the vehicle ignition state, to report/store the trip START and
STOP by using the events IO.e8=redge and IO.e8=fedge respectively.
IGN-sleep mode is one of the eight supported energy-saving modes of the device operation in which all
unnecessary components are shut down. On IGN wake-up signal, the device returns to full functionality.
Note that, the FOX3 device powers on automatically when external power is applied, and IGN pin
provides an additional "wake up" function for the IGN-sleep mode when it is requested.
In case of unauthorised vehicle access/start, you are automatically alarmed by SMS or TCP and the
vehicle recovery can be started by knowing its exact location. In such a case, use the IGN generated
event as a condition to start the vehicle tracking.
Figure 11:
Monitoring vehicle starter by IGN line
Figure 11.1:
Use IGN line to wake FOX3 up from IGN-Sleep
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Page 31 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
6.1.3.5
VERSION 1.0.8
Serial Port 0 - Serial communication signals (RxA and TxA)
The FOX3 device incorporates a full duplex serial channel which allows two devices to communicate
directly with each other via the RS232 serial port. All supported variable baud rates are softwarecontrolled. It is recommended to use the FOX3 Evalboard in order to communicate with the FOX3
device, since you will find there all you need to evaluate with it. The signals on these pins are obtained
to RS232 compatible signal levels.
RxA_0
Main channel used to receive software commands to the board from
any software (e.g. HyperTerminal). Moreover, the firmware update can
also be done through this serial port.
TxA_0
Main channel used to output navigation, measurement, response and
system data to any software (e.g. HyperTerminal, FALCOM
Workbench).
6.2
Accessory Port (6pin connector)
Figure 12:
Pin assignments of 6-pin (2x3) connector (Type: MOLEX-43045-06-MICRO FIT)
6.2.1 Accessory Port Pinout
PIN
NAME
DIRECTION
DESCRIPTION
1
1-Wire
Input
/Output
1-Wire master interface for Driver ID, temperature and
humidity sensors.
VOUT = + 2.8 .. +5.0 V
2
GND
-
Ground Reference.
0V
3
RxA_1
Input
(Serial Port 1) Serial port (receive data) for direct connection to
the host PC (configuration, evaluation, firmware). If not used
leave it open.
V24, ±12 V
4
TxA_1
Output
(Serial Port 1) Serial port (transmit data) for direct connection
to the host PC (transmitting history data, output GPS protocols
and others). If not used leave it open.
V24, ±12 V
5
SCL
Output
I2C bus interface - Serial Clock line – the signal used to
synchronize communication between the master and the slave.
6
SDA
Input
/Output
I2C bus interface - Serial Data line – the signal used to transfer
data between the transmitter and the receiver.
Table 9:
LEVEL
Description of the 6-pin (2x3) connector
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FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
6.2.2 1-Wire interface description
A 1-Wire bus uses only one wire for signaling and power. One or several 1-Wire devices can be
connected to the bus at the same time. Only one master should be connected to the bus.
Driver identification, temperature and humidity sensors are quite often used on vehicle applications.
Thanks to the integration of 1-wire interface into the FOX3 device, the system integrators for
telematics, fleet management and intelligent transportation system can be cost-benefit and time
efficiently for their work due to the use of extra external devices which are not integrated in the invehicle computers. Using of the 1-Wire interface, you are able to know which drivers are in which
vehicles and at the same time monitor the temperature and humidity of their refrigerated trucks. In this
way, shippers can record by their server the transportation and the delivery state of their temperaturesensitive loads.
How does it work?
A 1-Wire network consists of a master controller which is connected to one or many slave devices.
The 1-Wire interface on the FOX3 is a master controller. All of the actual monitoring devices
(lightning detector, moisture meter, motion detector, barometer, etc.) are slave devices. The FOX3
communicates with these monitoring devices via 1-Wire protocol developed by Dallas
Semiconductor, sending and receiving signals over a single data line plus ground reference. The 1Wire protocol synchronizes the monitoring devices# to the FOX3. The FOX3 initiates and requests all
activities on the 1-Wire network. One key feature of the Dallas system is that every 1-Wire slave
device has a guaranteed unique address burned on-chip ROM (Read Only Memory). This enables the
master to recognize individually each of your slave devices, and means you can have multiple devices
of the same type on the same network without conflict.
Figure 13: Typical application connection
Setting up a 1-Wire network with the FOX3 device is quite easy. 1-Wire is a simple system of devices
such as temperature and humidity sensors, iButton devices etc. that are connected through the 1-Wire
data line plus ground reference to the FOX3 device. Remember that you can use and connect to the
FOX3 1-Wire line only sensors that require power supply anywhere between 2.8V and 5.0V. The FOX3
device receives on demand the unique address of the temperature, humidity and other information
they deliver. This information can then be sent via alarms to the remote TCP server.
Figure 13.1:
Typical application using 1-Wire single line.
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FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
How to read the temperature data from 1-Wire sensors:
To enable requests on the 1-Wire interface, activate the 1-Wire interface on the FOX3 device via
following command:
$PFAL,Sys.1Wire.Enable
To request the list of devices connected to the 1-Wire interface, use the following command:
$PFAL,Sys.1Wire.Devices
To read the temperature data from the connected temperature sensors, use the command:
$PFAL,Sys.1Wire.Temperature
In this example, 20.0‘C and 21.0‘C are the temperature values reported by the external sensors
connected to the FOX3:
Sys.1Wire.Temperature>
$device 10c2272e000000E1 value 20.0‘C
$device 10c2272e000001E0 value 21.0‘C
$SUCCESS
$<end>
6.2.2.1
Serial Port 1 - Serial communication signals (RxA_1 and TxA_1)
The FOX3 device incorporates a full duplex serial channel in the accessory port which allows two devices
to communicate directly with some other devices via RS232 serial ports. All supported baud rate are
controlled by PFAL commands. In order to communicate with the FOX3 device, it is recommended to use
the FOX3 evalboard since you will find there all what you need for your evaluation. The signals on these
pins are obtained to RS232 compatible signal levels.
RxA_1
Accessory channel used to receive software commands to the board
from any software (e.g. HyperTerminal). Moreover, the firmware
update can also be done through this serial port.
TxA_1
Accessory channel used to output navigation, measurement, response
and system data to any software (e.g. HyperTerminal, FALCOM
Workbench).
6.3
Inserting a SIM card into the SIM holder
The FOX3 device has a GSM modem that requires a SIM card to access to the mobile network services.
The SIM card is obtained from your mobile provider and must be activated for GSM data services before
using it. Together with the SIM card, you receive a 4-digit PIN number. Entering of the PIN allows your
device to access the mobile network.
To insert the SIM card into the FOX3' SIM holder, follow the steps below:
1) Remove the power supply and any other connections from the device. Turn the FOX3 device on
its back side as shown in the figure 14 below.
2) Indicate the SIM card holder on the left of the battery try (1). To open it, push the metal slider in
direction marked “OPEN”.
3) Flip the card holder up (2).
4) Insert the SIM card (3) into the card holder in direction as shown in the figure below.
5) Flip the card-holder back (without force) (4), then hold it pressed and move the metal slider in
direction marked "LOCK" until it stops.
6) Insert the SIM card cover in the direction as shown in picture below (5) and slide it until it stops.
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FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
7) If you have already ordered a backup battery to connect it to the FOX3 (e.g. B1 - 1000 mAh
battery, see figure 14.1 below), just plug in the 3pin connector of the battery cable to the battery
connector on the left side in the battery tray (FOX3 PCB).
8) Finally, place the battery cover and then screw it with both screws and a T6-TORX screwdriver
(6).
Figure 14:
Steps for inserting the SIM card
Figure 14.1: Connecting the battery to the FOX3
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Page 35 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
6.3.1 How to enter the PIN of the inserted SIM card
To insert the PIN of the SIM card follow the steps below (as reference use fig. 15):
1) Install the FALCOM Workbench software,
2) Connect your FOX3 to a free PC COM port via its evalboard and power up your device. How to set
up your FOX3 using a Evalboard, is currently in preparation.
3) Start the FALCOM Workbench software, open a COM Port (1), a Terminal (2) and an Editor (3),
then select the COM port (4) and port settings (115200 bps, 8 Data bits, No Parity bit, 1 Stop bit,
None Flow control).
4) Next, click on the Connect icon (II) on the left of the text "Port", to connect to. Connect the
Console (5) to the COM Port and the Editor (6) to the Console on the Connection view. For
more details refer to the Workbench User's Guide.
5) Finally, type the command $PFAL,Cnf.Set,GSM.PIN=xxxx on the the editor (xxxx=PIN of your SIM
card) and then send it to the device by double-click. For more details refer to the manual
“AVL_PFAL_Configuration_Command_Set.pdf”.
Figure 15:
Entering the PIN code of the inserted SIM card.
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Page 36 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
6.4
VERSION 1.0.8
LED indicators
The actual state of the FOX3 can be displayed by three LED’s on the front panel of the unit. These
programmable and accessible LEDs can be interfaced to the build-in components to show their state.
References how to customize the device configuration can be found in the FOX3 software manual
“AVL_PFAL_Configuration_Command_Set.pdf”.
Figure 16:
View of LED indicators
To turn on one of these LEDs, use the following command:
$PFAL,IO11.Set=high
$PFAL,IO12.Set=hpulse,2000
$PFAL,IO13.Set=cyclic,2000,1000
// 11=LED Orange;
// 12=LED Green;
// 13=LED Red;
To turn off these LEDs, use the following command with corresponding index number:
$PFAL,IO[11,12,13].Set=low
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Page 37 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
6.5
VERSION 1.0.8
10pin mini-USB port
This port supports a SPI and a USB 2.0 interface. The following table gives you an overview about the
provided pins on this 10pin mini-USB-port.
Figure 17:
Pin assignments of the 10pin mini-USB port.
This table shows the pinout of 10pin mini-USB connector.
PIN
NAME
DIRECTION
1
MOSI
Output
2
USB_V+
3
MISO
Input
Master input, slave output
4
DM
Input
USB Data -
5
CLK
Output
Serial clock
6
DP
Output
USB Data +
7
Detect USB
8
+IN
Input
9
CS
Output
10
GND
Input / Output
DESCRIPTION
LEVEL
Master output, slave input
Power supply for IO-BOX
+ 3.6 ... + 5.25 V
Complies to the USB 2.0 specifications
Complies to the USB 2.0 specifications
Detects the connection to a USB master port.
-
=+IN (Pin 1 on 8pin connector)
V+IN = + 10.8 ... + 32.0 V ; Imax ≤ 1A
Chip select
Ground
Table 10: Pin description of the 10pin mini-USB.
This port can be used to connect the FOX3 to the IOBOX-MINI device, which is offered as an accessory to
the FOX3 device.
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Page 38 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
6.5.1 Setting up a USB connection for FOX3
To setup a USB connection with FOX3, do the following steps:
1. Download the USB driver free of charge from the FALCOM's website "FTDI-USB-Driver_v2.10.zip".
2. Connect the FOX3 to a free USB port on your PC via your own mini-USB to USB cable and install
the driver. How to install the USB driver refer to the sub-chapter below.
3. Open a terminal program and send the command $PFAL,MSG.Send.USB,0,"Speed=&(Speed)" from
the serial port (e.g. Serial 1/0) to the FOX3. The answer to this command will be shown on the
terminal program where FOX3 is connected to.
6.5.1.1
Installing the USB driver files for FOX3
To install the FOX3 USB driver, do the following steps:
1. After downloading the driver from the FALCOM's website "FTDI-USB-Driver_v2.10.00.zip". Unzip
the contents to a separate folder.
2. Connect the FOX3 to your PC. You will see a message pop up that installation failed.
3. Right-click the popup, and choose "Browse my computer for Driver Software",
Figure 18:
Search for USB drivers for FOX3 hardware.
4. In the Browse window, navigate to the folder where you extracted the contents of the Zip driver
file. Please note that a double (manual) driver installation is required. In the ZIP file of the FOX3
USB driver you can find two different driver files: "ftdiBus.inf" for the native USB driver and
"ftdiPort.inf" for the virtual COM port (VCP). You have to install both.
Figure 19:
Navigate to the USB driver folder.
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Page 39 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
5. Follow the remaining prompts and Windows will install the driver.
Figure 20:
Installing the USB drivers.
6. Now open Device Manager, go to the "USB Serial Converter", right click on it and start Properties. Select the
Tab "Advanced" and check/activate the setting/option "Load-VCP" (as shown in figure below).
Figure 21:
Search for the assigned USB serial port number.
7. After installation is complete, you can delete the files you downloaded. Windows will reuse the
installed driver information for any future FOX3 device.
8. To communicate with FOX3 via the USB port, use a Terminal program and select the USB serial
port number assigned by the Windows to the installed USB driver in the Device Manager.
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Page 40 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
6.5.2 IOBOX-MINI accessory device for FOX3
6.5.2.1
Connecting IOBOX-MINI to FOX3
Requirements for mounting the IOBOX-MINI to the FOX3 device:
•
T6-TORX screwdriver
To mount the IOBOX-MINI to the FOX3 device, follow next steps:
1. Remove the power supply and any other connections from the device. Use a T6-TORX screwdriver
as shown in step (1) and unscrew 4 screws as shown in step (2).
2. Open the casing of the FOX3 device as shown in step (3).
3. Indicate the USB connector on the FOX3 PCB and plug in the IOBOX-MINI to it as shown in steps
(4) and (5).
4. Hold pressed the front of the IOBOX-MINI as shown in step (6) and place the lower case on to the
upper case of the device. Insert carefully the two tabs of the IOBOX-MINI into the two slots of the
lower case of the device (6) and then slide the lower case until it stops (7).
5. Close the device with all 4 screws (8). Make sure that both cases fit to each other and there is no
space between them.
Figure 22:
Mounting IOBOX-MINI to the FOX3 device.
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Page 41 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
6.5.2.2
VERSION 1.0.8
IOBOX-MINI pinout
The IOBOX-MINI is offered for the FOX3 as an accessory for input/output extensions.
FOX3 with IOBOX-MINI plugged in
IOBOX-MINI assignment
Figure 23:
IOBOX-MINI pinout.
This table shows the pinout of IOBOX-MINI.
PIN
NAME
I/O
DESCRIPTION
LEVEL
1
GND
-
Ground.
0V
2
IN5
I
Digital input.
0 .. +32.0 V DC (V+IN = +IN)
3
-
-
No function
4
IN6
I
Digital input.
5
-
-
No function
6
IN7
I
Digital input.
0 .. +32.0 V DC (V+IN = +IN)
7
ANA
I
Analogue input with 10 bits resolution.
0 .. +32.0V DC
8
IN0
I
Digital input.
0 .. +32.0 V DC (V+IN = +IN)
9
OUT0
O
Open collector output.
100 mA max. @ 0 .. +32.0V DC
10
IN1
I
Digital input.
0 .. +32.0 V DC (V+IN = +IN)
11
OUT1
O
Open collector output.
100 mA max. @ 0 .. +32.0V DC
12
IN2
I
Digital input.
0 .. +32.0 V DC (V+IN = +IN)
13
OUT3
O
Open collector output.
100 mA max. @ 0 .. +32.0V DC
14
IN3
I
Digital input.
0 .. +32.0 V DC (V+IN = +IN)
15
OUT2
O
Open collector output.
100 mA max. @ 0 .. +32.0V DC
16
IN4
I
Digital input.
0 .. +32.0 V DC (V+IN = +IN)
Table 11:
0 .. +32.0 V DC (V+IN = +IN)
-
IOBOX-MINI pinout
The
indices of these inputs and
"AVL_PFAL_Configuration_Command_Set.pdf".
outputs
can
be
found
in
the
manual
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Page 42 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
6.6
VERSION 1.0.8
Mounting
The FOX3 offers different mounting possibilities, depending on the kind of the antenna used.
1. When installing a FOX3 with internal antennas, please make sure the FOX3' back side with the
text "THIS SIDE TO SKY" is facing up to the sky, with no metal objects above or under the device
case that can interfere with GPS reception.
2. When installing a FOX3 with external antennas, there are two connectors on the device for
connecting a GPS/GNSS antenna such as FAL-ANT-11 (shown in figure below) or FAL-ANT-12
from FALCOM. During the installation, please make sure the receiving side of the GSM/GPS
antenna is up, with no metal object above or under the antenna and device that interfere with
GPS reception.
The FOX3 unit provides 8 holes to be attached to suitable locations (see figure below). It can be
mounted in different directions and different locations such as on wall or in vehicle. Fasteners can be
Hexagon head with collar self drilling screws DIN 7504 K, ST3.5 x 32(12) mm and different length. There
are no screws included in the delivery pack. More detailed information how to install the device in the
vehicle, refer to the application note "AppNotes_AVL_Installation_Guide.pdf".
The FOX3 is NOT a waterproof or sealed device. Care must be taken to ensure the device is kept away
from water or any other liquids.
Figure 24:
View of the mounting holes
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Page 43 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
6.6.1 External Antenna Ports
FOX3 is fitted with two male SMB FAKRA connectors that accept a wide variety of GSM/GNSS antenna
styles for using external antennas instead of the internal ones. The Bordeaux connector (see figure
below) is for connecting a GSM antenna. The Blue connector (see figure below) is for connecting a GNSS
antenna. There is no antenna included in the standard delivery, it needs to be ordered separately.
FALCOM provides a combined GSM/GPS antenna, especially, for the STEPPIII and FOX-EN devices. The
GSM antenna operates on four frequencies: 850/900/1800/1900 MHz. The GPS antenna operates on
1575.42 MHz frequency. The combined GSM/GPS antenna should be ordered by FALCOM, the order
name is: FAL-ANT-11. Any other GPS antenna connected to the FOX3 device must draw less than 25 mA.
The antenna voltage is supplied internally. The figure below shows how to connect the FAL-ANT-11 to
the FOX3 device.
For more details about the FAL-ANT-11, refer to the data sheet "FAL-ANT-11_Datasheet.pdf" available
on the Falcom web page.
Figure 25:
GSM/GPS antenna ports
CAUTION : Be careful not to accidental swap the GSM and GPS connectors. The device will not
function if the antennas are swapped.
In order to comply with RF exposure requirements, install the antenna so that a
distance minimum of 20 cm can be maintained between the antenna and persons.
To connect the FAL-ANT-11 combined GSM/GPS antenna to the FOX3 device:
✔ Plug the Bordeaux-coloured connector of the antenna to the Bordeaux coloured connector of the device.
✔ Plug the Blue-coloured connector of the antenna to the Blue coloured connector of the device.
To remove the FAL-ANT-11 GSM/GPS antenna from the FOX3 device:
✔ Press down the latches on the antenna connectors and then pull the antennas.
Do not mount the antenna visible on the dashboard but mount it in a location underneath the
dashboard. Hiding the antenna is key to successful security in the event of theft. The FOX3 device
generates an event in case of the GPS antenna is connected, disconnected or cut off. If an intruder cuts
off the GPS antenna cable, an event is generated which can be used to trigger alarm notifications to the
user.
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Page 44 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
6.7
VERSION 1.0.8
Audio Interface
The FOX device has a 2.5 mm audio female 4pin connector for connecting a SPK/MIC device to the FOX3.
Figure 26:
Audio plug 4pin connector
Figure 26.1:
Audio plug 4pin connector
To know the pinout of the audio jack on the FOX3, see the pinout of the audio plug shown in figure
above.
Pin number
Pin name
Description
1
MIC
Mic -
2
R_SPKR
Right audio speaker
3
MIC
Mic +
4
L_SPKR
Left audio speaker
The following table lists some typical electret microphone electrical characteristics:
Microphone
The microphone should be a electret condenser microphone @ 2.2 k.
The following table lists some typical speaker electrical characteristics:
Speaker
The speaker should be a passive headset with 8O ohm or a active speaker with symmetric balanced input.
Asymmetric non balanced input will cause GSM noise in the speaker.
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Page 45 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
7 HOUSING
Figure 28:
FOX3 housing
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Page 46 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
VERSION 1.0.8
8 APPENDIX
8.1
Schematics
The figure below illustrates a common schematic of how to install the FOX3 device in the vehicle. For
detailed information, refer to the related documents [AppNotes_AVL_Installation_Guide.pdf].
8.1.1 Installation guidance for 8-pin double row connector
When installing the FOX3 in a vehicle, you will be able to track and locate the vehicle all the time and
also you will be automatically notified when disagreements with your stored configuration into the FOX3
device are occurred. Depending on the user requirements, the operator may program the digital outputs
to activate something e.g. a relay, buzzer, turn on a lamp, etc. The digital inputs can individually be
configured e.g. to detect something when it is opened or closed; changes on digital inputs may trigger an
output to activate, for example, a relay or buzzer. The IGN line can be connected to the vehicle ignition
key to monitor its ON/OFF position.
Note:
Turn the car ignition off before making any connection. Use a common ground point for all
device ground pins. To avoid ground loops and second grounds, isolate all grounded pins of
the FOX3 from the vehicle body. Do not connect power from a different system to the
FOX3.
The outputs of the FOX3 device must be supplied with the same voltage applied to the
(+IN) pin. The operating voltage MUST never exceed its range, due to the device is not
protected again continuous overvoltage. For security reasons, it is recommended to
integrate an external 2A fuse between the positive wire of the FOX3 (+IN) and d.c. - power
source.
When using an external antenna, be sure to mount it on the dash or on the windshield of
the vehicle with the GPS side facing the sky.
Apply power to the FOX3 device only with external antenna connected (if used) and vehicle
ignition off. First, connect the GND pin and finally, apply power to the +IN pin of the FOX3.
Figure 29:
Schematic example of installation guidance.
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Page 47 of 48
FOX3 HARDWARE MANUAL
8.2
VERSION 1.0.8
What should be considered when using FOX3 device
FOX3 is a device controlled by means of the PFAL commands developed by FALCOM. PFAL commands
can be executed when the operating firmware inside the device is running. In order to create application
with the FOX3 device and to obtain maximum benefit from the FOX3 operating firmware, you have to
setup a specific configuration and store it in the device. PFAL commands can be sent to the FOX3 with
the help of the Workbench software, which is free of charge and can be downloaded from the FALCOM's
website (http://www.falcom.de). The commands supported by FOX3 and other AVL devices are listed
and described in a separate manual “AVL_PFAL_Configuration_Command_Set.pdf”.
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Page 48 of 48
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