Debian Edu / Skolelinux Rosegarden manual

Debian Edu / Skolelinux Rosegarden manual
Debian Edu / Skolelinux Rosegarden manual
October 1, 2013
i
CONTENTS
CONTENTS
Contents
1
Rosegarden manual
1
2
Before you start
1
3
How to make the midi and audio record work
3.1 JackSetup Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2 How to fix recorded audio files . . . . . . . .
3.3 How to set up Qsynth for emulated midi sound
3.4 other plugins you probably want . . . . . . . .
3.5 Other devices that are compatible with Linux .
4
Rosegarden Audio/Midi Sequencer introductions
4.1 Instrumental index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2 Midi setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3 how to change bank select. . . . . . . . . . .
4.4 How to make rosegarden to automatically put
segment, for exported midi . . . . . . . . . .
4.5 how to add a new midi device . . . . . . . .
4.6 Placing your audio file for your new project .
4.7 How to sign your melody . . . . . . . . . . .
4.8 How to use Score editor to set controllers . .
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controller and
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program change
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in the start of your
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1
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5
how to change, edit, improve a recorded midi segment
15
6
Quantize
6.1 Grid Quantize . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2 Legato Quantizer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.3 Heuristic notation quantizer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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7
Note edit
7.1 howto get specifications in the notations editor . . . . . . . . . . .
7.2 how to change clef . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.3 How to change key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.4 how to change note volume on a recorded segment. . . . . . . . . .
7.5 How to make the note play after your inserted marks in score editor
7.5.1 Interpret functions in the score editor . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.6 How to split segment for grand staff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.7 Setting notes manually, and step recording . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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23
8
Rosegarden timer is unstable
9
how to change tempo in Rosegarden
9.1 Insert Tempo Change . . . . . . . . . . .
9.2 Insert Tempo Change at Playback Position
9.3 Ramp Tempo to Next Tempo . . . . . . .
9.4 Edit Tempo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.5 Edit Time Signature . . . . . . . . . . .
9.6 Open Tempo And Time Signature Editor
9.7 how to turn of metronome click . . . . .
9.8 Music made with rosegarden . . . . . . .
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10 Sound creation for your music project
10.1 Configuring Swami to use Jack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.2 How to make a sound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.3 Sample Tuning for Advanced Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29
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11 Copyright and authors
32
12 Translation copyright and authors
32
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CONTENTS
13 Translations of this document
13.1 HowTo translate this document
CONTENTS
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
33
14 Appendix A - The GNU Public License
14.1 Rosegarden manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14.2 GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14.3 TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION . . . .
33
33
33
34
iii
3 HOW TO MAKE THE MIDI AND AUDIO …
1 Rosegarden manual
This is a manual for rosegarden, based on the 1:1.4.0-1 version from the Debian Edu Etch 3.0 release.
The version at http://wiki.debian.org/DebianEdu/Documentation/Manuals/Rosegarden
is a wiki and updated frequently.
Translations are part of the debian-edu-doc package, which can be installed on a webserver, and is available
online.
2 Before you start
Before you start with rosegarden. Be sure you have gone trough the documentations how to get jackd running
smoothly. That is the technical part that has to be in place so rosegarden can work as it should.
I recommend that you get installed a Real Time kernel, this way you get better latency on jack, and you will not
experience to much lag on the softsynth when you are playing.
3 How to make the midi and audio record work
To make only the midi to work in Linux, I recommend you to buy an USB midi interface from Roland Edirol
series.
If you only want midi, you can buy Roland UM-1EX, you can also only search for "um-1ex" on your favorite
search engine, or just buy it on your favorite music store. This USB device supports only midi, there is no driver to
think about, you just plug it in, and it will automatically be detected by your system. Click on the link to see how
the device looks like:
Under Rosegarden you probably have to choose this device.
1
3
HOW TO MAKE THE MIDI AND AUDIO …
If you want to use rosegarden fully, with sound record, I also recommend Roland's Edirol UA-25. That device
can record high quality sound through the USB port, and again, you don't have to think about drivers, you just plug
it in, and Linux will automatically detect it.
This device also has a midi interface, so you get the full package on the same device, but of course this device
is more expensive than um-1ex.
This device has some features that you should keep in mind, on the setting 48,44 kHz you can use playback
and record at the same time on the device, but if you set the device to 96 kHz, the device only work as a playback,
or a record device. So if you want to hear what you play while you record on the 96 kHz setting, you have to
configure jack to use the integrated sound card as playback device, and UA25 as a record device, but this can give
you problems with Xrun.
To set up this device you can use jackd, that you find under -> Multimedia --> jack control. if you do not find
jackd on your menu just install "aptitude install qjackctl"
2
3 HOW TO MAKE THE MIDI AND AUDIO …
Lets take an example, the first thing you want to record, is the midi segments, (plug in right and left audio
channel from your synth to UA25) then you have to remember to shut down the metronome click, you don't want
that on your recorded wav file. And after you have done this, you can then mute all midi segment, and only listen
to the wav file you made, then you simply unplug the synth, and plug in your guitar, Mic, and easy record guitars,
Vocal, and so on to your masterpiece.
If you get alsa_pcm: xrun problem, take a look at the messages in the start how the device been start up. There
are many reasons that this not wanna work as it should. If your integrated card does not handle 24 bit, you will get
into some problem, and you have to turn the advance mode OFF on the UA-25 device, so it goes down to 16Bit
with the integrated sound-card (but then the midi will not work on UA25). If ALSA still gives you problems, try
to run the OSS instead. If your integrated sound card does not support 48.000, you have to turn UA-25 down to
44.100. Remember that you have to unplug usb, and do the change on device, and then plug in the usb again before
the changes take effect. This is some thing you could try to get alsa running smooth. Try activate the RT in Jackd,
and if you cannot activate the RT (real time) in jack you have to add this followings line in
/etc/security/limits.conf file
I have experienced that some devices don't like the RT options activated and runs better with RT off in jack.
@audio - rtprio 99
@audio - memlock 500000
@audio - nice -10
This options can be dangerous because it can cause the kernel to dead lock, due to priority problems.
3
3
HOW TO MAKE THE MIDI AND AUDIO …
3.1 JackSetup Example
3.1 JackSetup Example
You see the latency is about 53.3 ms, that is the lowest I can get on my laptop without jackd starting to complain
about Xrun problem. You have several ways to change the latency for the best optical way for your computer, and
that is
Frames/periodes (16-4096)
Periodes/buffer (1-xxx)
3.2
How to fix recorded audio files
Take in use Audacity, I have made a documentation that help you to get started. First you just double click on
the audio segment, and audacity should start automatically and load the segment you have chosen.
http://wiki.debian.org/DebianEdu/Documentation/Manuals/Audacity
MARK!
When you have done the changes on the audio file, remember to save it with the same name, and then you have
to save the project in rosegarden, and reopen your project. This way you will get the changes you did in audacity
applied onto rosegarden
3.3
How to set up Qsynth for emulated midi sound
For those who don't have a keyboard/synth can use qsynth to get midi sound on rosegarden. You can download
soundfont from here: ftp://ftp.no.debian.org/debian/pool/main/f/fluid-soundfont/fluid-soundfont-g
3.1-1_all.deb and use <gdebi> to install it.
4
3 HOW TO MAKE THE MIDI AND AUDIO …
3.4
other plugins you probably want
Do not forget to choose that you want to use the qsynth in the device manager on rosegarden if not rosegarden
automatically have chosen this.
3.4 other plugins you probably want
There is a list of plugins you want in rosegarden when you don't have a gm keyboard/synth, but only a keyboard
that send midi, use the aptitude command to get it.
** synth plugins **
wsynth-dssi
xsynth-dssi
nekobee
ll-scope
cmt
hexter
fluidsynth-dssi
tap-plugins
sineshaper
fixme: set inn synth plugins you have good experience with
5
3
HOW TO MAKE THE MIDI AND AUDIO …
3.5
Other devices that are compatible with Linux
** audio Plugins **
swh-plugins
mcp-plugins
terminatorx
fixme: put on some audio plugin you have experience with
3.5
Other devices that are compatible with Linux
These have been tested with skolelinux 3, kubuntu 7.10, kubuntu 8.04 and with kernel 2.6.22.16, and 2.6.24.18
Device
Roland edirol UA-25
extra install, needs depends
Works without any problem
Roland edirol UA-25EX
Does not work with Advance modus on, switch it to
off. Mark! The MIDI part will not work, only audio
with advance off. So go for UM-1 to communicate
with your MIDI device instead for example
Yamaha MM6 Synth
The MIDI usb, work without any problem on Linux
systems
Roland edirol um-1
Same as Ediro UA-25
Roland edirol Um-3ex
Usb To Midi
Roland edirol Studio Canvas, SD-20
Gm/xg lite Midi sound-module
M-Audio Midispor 4
Midi-USB 2x IN 4x OUT
M-Audio Key stations 49e
usb-midi keyboard
M-Audio Axiom 25
Usb Midi Keyboard
M-Audio Trigger Finger
Usb Drum pattern
M-Audio Fast Track Pro
Usb, Midi And Audio
Samson Gtrack (GM1U)
Usb Mic
Zoom, ZFX, plug-in
Audio Record, no Midi
Edirol Midi Keyboard Controller PCR-300, 500, 800
Usb Midi Keyboard
Roland FP-5 (digital piano)
Usb Works, and the piano also have midi inn/out
Thanks to Mario Music for allowing me to be in their store testing this equipment.
Fixme: add devices you have experienced to work with out any problem
Devices that have been found not working for now
Devices
Problem
fireware card, they where detected but they where
not cooperative, jackd where not able to start them
Echo Audiofire 2, 4, 8, and 12
6
4 ROSEGARDEN AUDIO/MIDI SEQUENCER …
Tone Port Ux2 (line6)
Did not work
Audio Control 1
Jackd find out about the card, but the card will not
work as is should
Roland UA-4FX
Jackd finding this also, but are making trouble
Mbox2
jackd find it, and it runs, but producing allot of Xrun
Yamaha KX
usb midi keyboard do not work trough usb, but there
are midi in and out on this
If everything works, it's time to take a look at the rosegarden documentation here: http://wiki.debian.
org/DebianEdu/Documentation/Manuals/Rosegarden
4 Rosegarden Audio/Midi Sequencer introductions
url:http://rosegardenmusic.com/
Rosegarden Audio/Midi Sequencer. Music creations without limit. Midi (Musical Instrument Digital Interface),
Is a perfect way to build up music instrument by instrument. The Important of building up the midi song with
structure are important because when you try to export the midi file to other then rosegarden, will make the chance
for the midi file to work on others computer, synth/keyboards and so on much bigger. With Rosegarden follows it
a easy way to do this as you can see below:
That is okay to use, IF you held your project to Rosegarden, My experience with this is when you try to export
your midi to other applications, something will not work as you attend to.
This can sound difficult and time consumed, but if you are bit structured, and made the setup file at hand, you
have everything ready for your next project without any delay. I have made ready one file like this for you, just
download it(you find it below) I have also made a guide how to use this. With structure on your midi I mean the
following thing: You set the standard for every midi file you make where you put your instruments. The example
that follows on my file is:
Track 1 = piano
Track 2 = Bass
Track 3 = Guitar (muted, clean and so on)
Track 4 = Melody
Track 5 = second voice
Track 6-9 = here you can set up, strings, clarinet, oboe, sax, and so on.
Track 10 = Drum, this is always drums, this is standard in GM setup.
Track 11-16 = same as 6-9.
If you follows this setup on your every midi sound, there will not be any problem to made new melody.
4.1 Instrumental index.
7
4
ROSEGARDEN AUDIO/MIDI SEQUENCER …
No.
1
Instruments
Ac. Grand
Piano
4.1 Instrumental index.
No.
Instruments No.
Instruments
No.
34
El. Bass
finger
67
Tenor Sax
100
Instruments
FX 4 (atmosphere)
2
Bright Ac.
Piano
35
El. Bass
pick
68
Baritone
Sax
101
FX 5
(brightness)
3
El. Grand
Piano
36
Fretless
Bass
69
Oboe
102
FX 6
(goblins)
4
Honkytonk
Piano
37
Slap Bass
1
70
English
Horn
103
FX 7
(echoes)
5
El. Piano
1
38
Slap Bass
2
71
Bassoon
104
FX 8
(sci-fi)
6
El. Piano
2
39
Synth
Bass 1
72
Clarinet
105
Sitar
7
Harpsichord 40
Synth
Bass 2
73
Piccolo
106
Banjo
8
Clavi
41
Violin
74
Flute
107
Shamisen
9
Celesta
42
Viola
75
Recorder
108
Koto
10
Glockenspiel 43
Cello
76
Pan Flute
109
Kalimba
11
Music
Box
Contrabass
77
Blow
Bottle
110
Bag Pipe
12
Vibraphone 45
Tremolo
Strings
78
Shakuhachi 111
Fiddle
13
Marimba
46
Pizz.
Strings
79
Whistle
112
Shanai
14
Xylophone
47
Orch Harp
80
Ocarina
113
Tinkle
Bell
15
Tubular
Bells
48
Timpani
81
Lead 1
(square)
114
Agogo
16
Dulcimer
49
String Ens
1
82
Lead 2
(sawtooth)
115
Steel
Drums
17
Drawbar
Organ
50
String Ens
2
83
Lead 3
(calliope)
116
Woodblock
18
Perc.
Organ
51
Synthstrings
84
1
Lead 4
(chiff)
117
Taiko
Drum
19
Rock
Organ
52
Synthstrings
85
2
Lead 5
(charang)
118
Melodic
Tom
44
8
4 ROSEGARDEN AUDIO/MIDI SEQUENCER …
4.1 Instrumental index.
20
Church
Organ
53
Choir
Aahs
86
Lead 6
(voice)
119
Synth
Drum
21
Reed
Organ
54
Choir
Oohs
87
Lead 7
(fifths)
120
Reverse
Cymbal
22
Accordion
55
Synth
Voice
88
Lead 8
121
(bass+lead)
Fret Noise
23
Harmonica
56
Orchestra
hit
89
Pad 1
(new age)
122
Breath
Noise
24
Tango
Accordion
57
Trumpet
90
Pad 2
(warm)
123
Seashore
25
Ac. guitar
nylon
58
Trombone
91
Pad 3
(polysynth)
124
Bird Tweet
26
Ac. guitar
steel
59
Tuba
92
Pad 4
(choir)
125
Telephone
Ring
27
El. guitar
jazz
60
Muted
Trumpet
93
Pad 5
(bowed)
126
Helicopter
28
El. guitar
clean
61
French
Horn
94
Pad 6
(metallic)
127
Applause
29
El. guitar
muted
62
Brass
Section
95
Pad 7
(halo)
128
Gunshot
30
OverDr.
Guitar
63
SynthBrass
1
96
Pad 8
(sweep)
31
Dist.
Guitar
64
SynthBrass
2
97
FX 1
(rain)
32
Guitar
harmonics
65
Soprano
Sax
98
FX 2
(soundtrack)
33
Acoustic
Bass
66
Alto Sax
99
FX 3
(crystal)
And that was the index of the instrument, below you have the index overt the Percussive instruments (drums)
No.
1
DrumKit
Standard GM kit 1
Uses
Everything
2
Standard GM kit 2
Same as 1
10
Rom Kit
Pop Ballads
17
Power Set
Rock, hard rock
25
Electronic kit
Ballads
26
Analog kit
Also used in ballads
9
4
ROSEGARDEN AUDIO/MIDI SEQUENCER …
4.2 Midi setup
27
Dance Kit
Uses in Dance, Teckno
28
Dance Kit 2
Same As 27
33
Standard GM kit 3
Same as 1,2 and 74,75
41
Brush/jazz kit
Uses in jazz, or ballads
49
Orchestral Kit
Uses in classical music
57
Effects Kit
Uses to make effects around your
melody
65
Percussion kit 1
66
Percussion kit 2
74
Standard Gm Kit 4
75
Standard Gm Kit 5
No.: representing the Programchange
4.2
Midi setup
Midi setup, in this case midisetup.rg file will I show you how to change settings. I will introduce you to some
controllers that you will find usefully to your midi setup
No.
Controller
What does the controller do
This sets the volume on the midi
track 0 if lowest setting, 127 is the
loudest setting
7
Volume
10
Balance
This controls sett the balance on
the midi track, 0 is for the left
side, and 127 is right, 65 is center
32
Bank Select
This controller select the different
sound banks on your
synth/keyboard "LSB" (fine)
bank select
0
Bank Select
This controller is the MSB
(coarse) bank change
91
reverb
This sets the room size on the
midi track, 0 is for no acoustics,
and 127 for max acoustics
10
4 ROSEGARDEN AUDIO/MIDI SEQUENCER …
4.3 how to change bank select.
With this out of the way, you have setup a structured setup of the midi segment that tells your synth/keyboard
what it should do. And then you simply can export the midi to any devices you want, even mobile phone.(if the
mobile supports polyphonic midi)
here you can download the finish setup file
midisetup.rg
4.3 how to change bank select.
Sometime you wish to use different sounds on your Synth/keyboard that not belong in the GM standard, then
you have to use controller that take care of this. Controller 0 and 32.
This functions are taken in use if you also want drums on other tracks then 10. Example percussion effects on
tracks 16, that my favorite tracks to use for this functions. Then with controller 32 on data1, and number 4 on data2,
changes what track 16 should do, in this case drums. And then with program change 57, will that track change to
effect kit.
Controller 0 and 32, with number 0, is gm standard, use it on tracks 1-9, 11-16
Controller 0 and 32, with number 1-127 are those different banks, used on track 1-9, 11-16
Controller 32, with number 4, are for mine synth drums, that is use for standard on track 10, and on special need
on any track you to your liking.
Yamaha keyboard with Gm2/Xg have some more options, I recommend you to read the manual that gives you
the complete overview of the instrument on your keyboard, and there also says what banks the instrument exist on.
Let me take one example for you:
my keyboard have a instrument on controller 0(MSB) on value 8, and in controller 32(LSB) on value 1, and last
on program change 3.
so the following is,
controller 0 with value 8
controller 32 with value 1
and last the program change with value 3
11
4
ROSEGARDEN AUDIO/MIDI SEQUENCER …
4.4 How to make rosegarden to automatically put …
the order on when controller 0 and 32 and program change comes are important
remember that controller 0 and 32, have to come BEFORE program change.
i have included this in the standardupsetfile.
4.4
How to make rosegarden to automatically put controller and program change in the
start of your segment, for exported midi
This is actually something I just found out. You use the instrument parameter to have the reverb, volume you
want, and then the trick is to press a key on your keyboard when rosegarden count up for you, so you actually get
one note in the count in before record. You can do this on every segment. And when you export the song to midi,
the info will automatically be put inn. The only thing is, that you have to import the new midi file you made, and
remove the note you don't need and save it again.
As I said, this is not necessary if you just held your project as a rosegarden file.
4.5
how to add a new midi device
All synth have many sounds, and you will not get to all the sound that are available with the GM only on the
"quick instrument parameter pick". So if you follow this way you can try to add your synth/keyboard as your default
device, and take in use all sound that lives in your keyboard/synth. New devices are added on new releases of
rosegarden, so if you not find your own device here, you can just wait to see if it show up, or you can help the
rosegarden project and make the instrument indexing your self, and simply send the *.rgd file to them, and at the
same time join the rosegarden list: http://rosegardenmusic.com/support/lists/
12
4 ROSEGARDEN AUDIO/MIDI SEQUENCER …
4.6 Placing your audio file for your new project
4.6 Placing your audio file for your new project
It's very important to be strict when there comes to where you placing your recording live instruments, vocals.
Because without that you will after a wile get problem to find what files you are working on. it's not impossible,
but without any structure on it, you will use allot of time find it. So lets say you have made your self a new midi
melody "shallala", and you want to record your vocal on it, then you just remember to make a director that has the
same name as your melody, and place your recorded audio in there.
13
4
ROSEGARDEN AUDIO/MIDI SEQUENCER …
4.7
How to sign your melody
Choose --> "composition" ---> and then "edit document properties"
4.7
How to sign your melody
You want to tell everybody the you have made this tune, so belove you see how you can add what the song name
is, who has composed it
14
5 HOW TO CHANGE, EDIT, IMPROVE A …
4.8 How to use Score editor to set controllers
4.8 How to use Score editor to set controllers
5 how to change, edit, improve a recorded midi segment
When you have play some part in the segment, will there always be something you want to correct up. So instead
of play everything from start again, you have many possibility to change and edit everything to the better. First I'm
gonna introduce you to the use of the Matrix Editor.
15
6
6
QUANTIZE
Quantize
6.1 Grid Quantize
This functions have several possibility, after a played segment you sometime miss the beat, here is where the
Grid Quantize comes in the picture. It's usefully to get note right on the beat automatically.
16
6 QUANTIZE
6.2 Legato Quantizer
To use this the right way, can save you from a lot of work. You have to try out different way, there are always
the possibility to undo the quantize if not goes as intended. So there is only just to try again with a different setting
on the base grid unit. You have to try out different setting, and you will find one that fits you needs best. There are
many possibility.
6.2 Legato Quantizer
with this you with one keystroke change a staccato played part to legato.
6.3 Heuristic notation quantizer
and other Quantizer that you will find usefully are heuristic notation quantizer. This help you to make your
played note to the right length. This is mostly used to fixing up on the notations preview. And make the note more
easy to read for the musician.
17
7
NOTE EDIT
As you can see have this method, changed the length on the note to right length for and 16 note, and that should
be played staccato. And that will changed notations to the better in the Score Editor.
Number 1 show you how the notations was before Quantize, and number 2 is after. Number 2 are more easy for
the musician to read then number 1. And at the same time is number 1 more confusing with 32 quanted notes, and
some different rest note. Number 2 is more clean, and will at mostly be played the way I intended it to be played.
There is one thing that it's sound great on midi, but if you want public your notations to orchestra, band, you have
to take you time and clean up your notes. That was and short introductions to use of Matrix edit.
7
Note edit
Note edit are a powerful edit tool to make you notations ready for pianist, orchestra, band, you have the tool to
make different marks thats tell the musician what he should do, how fast, how hard, how soft, tempo changes and
more. I gonna introduce you to some of the features with the note edit. The fist picture is before:
18
7 NOTE EDIT
you see a clean notations, there is noting that tells what you want how the notes should be played. After I have
worked with the notations, here is the result:
Now I have got what speed, hardiness the notations should be played with. At the same time I have change the
note to bind together, I also change the note length in the matrix editor to eight-note, so it would be easier for the
pianist to read, but the piece will still actually be played as I want it to with a better success, and the notations take
less space. Let us see closer how I got this marks in the notations.
19
7
NOTE EDIT
7.1 howto get specifications in the notations editor
7.1 howto get specifications in the notations editor
This guide show you how to set in usefully informations to the musician how you compositions should be played,
Tempo, volume and what accord. That only a part of this tool, there are still much more. The picture show you how
to make the note bind together, and how to put a crescendo, decrescendo on the notations.
If you look at the right menu, there are many possibility to improve the informations on the notations, the only
thing you have to remember is to mark those note this info should be apart of.
20
7 NOTE EDIT
7.2 how to change clef
If you look on the left menu, you can put manually note, rest on you notations, you can also change the clef on
the notations, below you see how.
7.2 how to change clef
• Double click on the G clef, and a menu will pop up.
21
7
NOTE EDIT
7.3 How to change key
7.3 How to change key
7.4 how to change note volume on a recorded segment.
22
7 NOTE EDIT
7.5 How to make the note play after your inserted …
7.5 How to make the note play after your inserted marks in score editor
Take in use the Interpret functions
7.5.1 Interpret functions in the score editor
when you play on the synth/keyboard, specially when you want to play in a low volume (piano) this are not
always easy, have the same note hardiness on your accord, or you just want the music to play piano where it is
piano, and forte where there is forte. You can put in those mark on the notations, and when you are finish with put
in all the marks on your notations, and by right click in the score editor, and choose the "interpret" rosegarden will
change the velocities, and notations play after the marks you have put on your notations.
7.6 How to split segment for grand staff
It is not possible yet, to display a piano segment in a dual system (grand staff). However here is a detailed
manual on rendering such scores with LilyPond. First step is to split a segment by pitch (This feature refers to
feature request 4932).
7.7 Setting notes manually, and step recording
There are 2 ways to put note in score editor, first way is the manually putting notes.
And you have the Step recording, that one is my favorite. And it could be a nice way for the student to learn
what note and what key on the synth/keyboard the student have to push to get the note.
23
8
8
ROSEGARDEN TIMER IS UNSTABLE
Rosegarden timer is unstable
If this is happening you could try to change the sequencer timer source.
24
9 HOW TO CHANGE TEMPO IN ROSEGARDEN
9 how to change tempo in Rosegarden
That can be done several ways, I'm gonna show you the one I think is the best to use. if you right click on the
line you see right under 120, the menu for tempo change will pop up.
The menu is as following
1. Insert Tempo Change
2. Insert Tempo Change at Playback Position
3. Delete Tempo Change
4. Ramp Tempo to Next Tempo
5. Un-ramp Tempo
6. Edit Tempo
7. Edit Time Signature...
8. Open Tempo And Time Signature Editor
25
9
HOW TO CHANGE TEMPO IN ROSEGARDEN
9.1 Insert Tempo Change
9.1 Insert Tempo Change
If you right click on the line there you want the tempo change, let's say with number 3, and then chose 'Insert
Tempo Change' a dot with number 3 will shown up. And then left click and hold down after number 3, you can
easy change tempo only by drag up and down.
9.2
Insert Tempo Change at Playback Position
This simply make a tempo change there you are positions on the song.
9.3
Ramp Tempo to Next Tempo
this is nice to use if you want a gradient tempo change, or reduce.
26
9 HOW TO CHANGE TEMPO IN ROSEGARDEN
9.4 Edit Tempo
9.4 Edit Tempo
here you simply manually can type in what tempo you want, this is the best to use if you are after a special
tempo, the drag functions are good to, but not so precise.
9.5 Edit Time Signature
this give you the possibility to change the beat on you melody, on my example, I have started up the song with
4/4 beat, and after the tempo change I have changed the song to 3/4 beat (wals).
27
9
9.6
HOW TO CHANGE TEMPO IN ROSEGARDEN
9.6 Open Tempo And Time Signature Editor
Open Tempo And Time Signature Editor
With this you manually can go into all you tempo change and beat change, and change to your liking
9.7
how to turn of metronome click
and the after you have done a successfully record of you midi song, you can add on some singing, real guitars,
and so on, you have to be creative.:)
28
10 SOUND CREATION FOR YOUR MUSIC …
9.8 Music made with rosegarden
9.8 Music made with rosegarden
Here you have and example of music piece that have been made on rosegarden, I have got a friend of mine to
play guitars.
arr/melody: Alf Tonny Bätz. Guitarist: Bjørn Nygård
Mp3 version
http://alfton.gfxi.no/files/upseth.mp3
Midi version
http://alfton.gfxi.no/files/upseth.mid
10 Sound creation for your music project
Challenge your self, or your students to go out in the nature, or in house. Just find a sound to make (real sax,
oboe, and so on), and take this in use with rosegarden. to achieve this you can take in use Swami (aptitude
install swami) there are something you have to be aware of, after you have installed swami, at this moment
the swami do not add a menu entry in multimedia, this I hope some day will be fixed, but until that day you have to
start swami in console, or pres ALT + F2 and type swami.
Swami have a nice GUI and looks like this:
Swami at this moment are under devlopment, so the version you have to use is abit old, but it works. The swami
projekt can you take a look at here: http://swami.resonance.org/trac
10.1 Configuring Swami to use Jack
To make this work at the same time you have audacity, rosegarden runing, you have to configure swami to use
jack as a sound connector:
29
10 SOUND CREATION FOR YOUR MUSIC …
10.2 How to make a sound
After that you have to start jackd you have to manualy connect FluidSynth so you can hear what been played.
So now you are ready to start create your own sound to use with you musik project.
10.2 How to make a sound
How to make a sound? Here you have to use audacity to record something, for example scream, word, or some
real instruments, when you have cleaned up your new sound, you can export this as and WAV file, and import this
into swami. In swami you can connect that sound to a program change number, and at last export your new sound
as an SF2 file, and use fluidsynth-DSSI-plugin in rosegarden and take in use your brand new sound. Isn't that cool?
30
10 SOUND CREATION FOR YOUR MUSIC …
10.2 How to make a sound
So lets go into this step by step.
1. File, create new
2. Right click on untitled, and choose Properties. (Rename it to your liking)
3. Click on the "+", and right click under Samples,
and choose load sample (choose the wav files you want to use for your ←instrument)
4. Click on the "+" behind Samples, and User, there you see your wav file.
In our case, there are two files, named L and R
(Hint: file names are truncated to 10 characters)
5. Then click on Instrument, so it gets highlighted, then click right and choose ←New Instrument
6. Click on the "+" behind Instrument, and right click on New item,
and choose properties and change name to your liking.
7. Then it's time to select the samples to be used for our new instrument:
Mark them within Samples/User by holding down the control key while clicking.
Afterwards, you can insert those samples at Instruments/Your Instrument by ←means of the
Paste function in the context menu (right click).
Your Samples have been assigned to the instrument name you made.
(Hint: This works like a link; whenever you change sample properties,
this will also take effect in your instrument.)
And just repeat the cyclus for each sound, and when you are finished, you just save it. And it's time to use it.
31
12 TRANSLATION COPYRIGHT AND AUTHORS
10.3 Sample Tuning for Advanced Users
10.3 Sample Tuning for Advanced Users
When creating a chromatic instrument from a set of samples that cover different pitch ranges (bass, mids, trebles), further actions need to be done to make sure you get a continues sound.
You will need information about what note is played in each sample. This reference note can be set either in
sample properties, or you can simply move the white marker to the corresponding key. You can hear the effect
instantly, when you click on the keyboard: The original pitch is played when you hit the reference note. From here
it is bent up or down, depending on the distance you move right or left.
When you have set all reference notes for you samples, you should hear notes of the same pitch nonregarding
what sample you select!
For continuous sounds (like organ, flute, strings), your samples can never be as long as the longest note that
might be played when using your soundfont. Therefor it is necessary to define a loop range that is repeated over
and over when the musician will keep a key pressed. Again, you can move two markers to find a section of constant
amplitude - try to find zero crossings in the sample to prevent disturbing clicks.
CategoryPermalink CategorySound
11 Copyright and authors
This document is written and copyrighted by Alf Tonny Bätz (2008, 2009), Holger Levsen (2008) and is released
under the GPL2 or any later version. Enjoy!
If you add content to it, please only do so if you are the author of it and plan to release it under the same
conditions! Then add your name here and release it under the GPL2 or later version.
12 Translation copyright and authors
The Bokmål translation is copyrighted by Alf Tonny Bätz (2008) and Tore Skogly (2008) and is released under
the GPL2 or any later version.
The French translation is copyrighted by Arnaud Bonvalle (2009), Thomas Vincent (2012) and the French l10n
team (2012) and is released under the GPL2 or any later version.
32
14 APPENDIX A - THE GNU PUBLIC LICENSE
13 Translations of this document
Fully translated versions of this document are available in Norwegian Bokmål and French.
13.1 HowTo translate this document
Translations of this document are kept in PO files like in many free software projects, read usr/share/
doc/debian-edu-doc-en/README.rosegarden-manual-translations for more information on
this. Please read also read this, if you want to start/help translating this document.
To commit your translations you need to be a member of the Alioth project debian-edu. To translate, you
just need to check out some files from from Subversion (which can be done anonymously), create patches and send
those to debian-edu-doc@packages.qa.debian.org.
You can checkout the debian-edu-doc source anonymously with the following command (you need to have
the subversion package installed for this to work):
• svn co svn://svn.debian.org/svn/debian-edu/trunk/src/debian-edu-doc
Then edit the documentation/rosegarden/rosegarden-manual.$CC.po (where you replace $CC
with your language code). There are many tools for translating available, we suggest to use lokalize.
Then you either commit the file directly to Subversion (if you have the rights to do so) or send the file to the
mailinglist.
To update your local copy of the repository use the following command inside the debian-edu-doc directory:
• svn up
Read /usr/share/doc/debian-edu-doc-en/README.rosegarden-manual-translations to find information how to
create a new PO file for your language if there is none yet, and how to update translations. If you are new to
Subversion, look at the Version Control with Subversion, it has a chapter on the basic workflow with Subversion.
Please report any problems.
14 Appendix A - The GNU Public License
Note to translators: there is no need to translate the GPL license text.
14.1 Rosegarden manual
Copyright (C) 2008, 2009 Alf Tonny Bätz < alfton@gmail.com > and others, see the Copyright chapter for the
full list of copyright owners.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General
Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option)
any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even
the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to
the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
14.2 GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc. 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 021101301, USA. Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it
is not allowed.
33
14 APPENDIX A - THE GNU PUBLIC LICENSE
14.3 TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, …
14.3 TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
0. This License applies to any program or other work which contains a notice placed by the copyright holder
saying it may be distributed under the terms of this General Public License. The "Program", below, refers to
any such program or work, and a "work based on the Program" means either the Program or any derivative work
under copyright law: that is to say, a work containing the Program or a portion of it, either verbatim or with
modifications and/or translated into another language. (Hereinafter, translation is included without limitation in
the term "modification".) Each licensee is addressed as "you".
Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not covered by this License; they are outside
its scope. The act of running the Program is not restricted, and the output from the Program is covered only if
its contents constitute a work based on the Program (independent of having been made by running the Program).
Whether that is true depends on what the Program does.
1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program's source code as you receive it, in any medium,
provided that you conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the notices that refer to this License and to the absence of any warranty; and
give any other recipients of the Program a copy of this License along with the Program.
You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy, and you may at your option offer warranty
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2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion of it, thus forming a work based on the
Program, and copy and distribute such modifications or work under the terms of Section 1 above, provided that you
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• a) You must cause the modified files to carry prominent notices stating that you changed the files and the
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These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole. If identifiable sections of that work are not derived
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Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights or contest your rights to work written entirely by you;
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In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on the Program with the Program (or with a work based
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3. You may copy and distribute the Program (or a work based on it, under Section 2) in object code or executable
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c) Accompany it with the information you received as to the offer to distribute corresponding source code.
(This alternative is allowed only for noncommercial distribution and only if you received the program in
object code or executable form with such an offer, in accord with Subsection b above.)
34
14 APPENDIX A - THE GNU PUBLIC LICENSE
14.3 TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, …
The source code for a work means the preferred form of the work for making modifications to it. For an
executable work, complete source code means all the source code for all modules it contains, plus any associated
interface definition files, plus the scripts used to control compilation and installation of the executable. However,
as a special exception, the source code distributed need not include anything that is normally distributed (in either
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the executable runs, unless that component itself accompanies the executable.
If distribution of executable or object code is made by offering access to copy from a designated place, then
offering equivalent access to copy the source code from the same place counts as distribution of the source code,
even though third parties are not compelled to copy the source along with the object code.
4. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Program except as expressly provided under this
License. Any attempt otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Program is void, and will automatically
terminate your rights under this License. However, parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under this
License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such parties remain in full compliance.
5. You are not required to accept this License, since you have not signed it. However, nothing else grants you
permission to modify or distribute the Program or its derivative works. These actions are prohibited by law if you do
not accept this License. Therefore, by modifying or distributing the Program (or any work based on the Program),
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6. Each time you redistribute the Program (or any work based on the Program), the recipient automatically
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It is not the purpose of this section to induce you to infringe any patents or other property right claims or
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This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is believed to be a consequence of the rest of this License.
8. If the distribution and/or use of the Program is restricted in certain countries either by patents or by copyrighted interfaces, the original copyright holder who places the Program under this License may add an explicit
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9. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of the General Public License from
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Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program specifies a version number of this License
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10. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program into other free programs whose distribution conditions
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11. BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR
THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE
STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM
35
14 APPENDIX A - THE GNU PUBLIC LICENSE
14.3 TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, …
"AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT
NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM
IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
12. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL
ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE
THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING
RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF
THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER
PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
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