MX-206 manual r0111.p65

MX-206 manual r0111.p65
MX-206
Stereo
Microphone Mixer
Operating Manual
ASHLY AUDIO INC.
847 Holt Road Webster, NY 14580-9103 Phone: (585) 872-0010
Toll-Free: (800) 828-6308 Fax: (585) 872-0739 www.ashly.com
Operating Manual -MX-206 Stereo Microphone Mixer
Table Of Contents
2
1
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2
UNPACKING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
3
AC POWER REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
4
CONTROLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
5
CONNECTIONS AND CABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
6
TYPICAL APPLICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1 Small Sound Reinforcement System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2 Location Recording or Broadcast Mixing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.3 Submixer In Larger Sound System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
6
6
6
7
TROUBLESHOOTING TIPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.1 No Sound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.2 Distorted Sound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.3 Excessive Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.4 Excessive Hum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
7
7
7
7
8
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
9
WARRANTY INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Operating Manual - MX-206 Stereo Microphone Mixer
1. INTRODUCTION
2. UNPACKING
Congratulations on your purchase of an Ashly
MX-206 stereo microphone mixer. In one single-space
rack-mount package we have combined the features, reliability, and sonic performance you have come to expect
from Ashly. This third generation mixer adds a universal
100-240VAC 50/60Hz power supply and a 3.5mm front
panel stereo line input jack.
As a part of our system of quality control, every
Ashly product is carefully inspected before leaving the
factory to ensure flawless appearance. After unpacking,
please inspect for any physical damage. Save the shipping carton and all packing materials , as they were carefully designed to reduce to minimum the possibility of
transportation damage should the unit again require packing and shipping. In the event that damage has occurred,
immediately notify your dealer so that a written claim to
cover the damages can be initiated.
Other features include stereo, mono, and headphone outputs, a 20dB input pad on each channel, switchable +48V phantom power, up to 60dB of mic preamp gain
(84 dB total), and concentric level and pan controls on
each input channel.
Ultra low-noise summing amplifiers combine the
channel signals for the main outputs. Two 5-segment LED
arrays monitor stereo outputs. Stereo line level outputs
on 1/4" connectors, a transformer isolated 600 ohm mono
output on an XLR connector, and tape/CD inputs and outputs on RCA connectors come as standard equipment.
Ashly still uses professional quality 16mm metal shaft potentiometers on all controls for greater accuracy and long
life. Input isolation transformers are not available on the
MX-206.
The right to any claim against a public carrier can
be forfeited if the carrier is not notified promptly and if
the shipping carton and packing materials are not available for inspection by the carrier. Save all packing materials until the claim has been settled.
3. AC POWER REQUIREMENTS
The MX-206 mixer will perform normally from 100
to 240 volts AC, 50-60Hz. Use only properly grounded AC
receptacles. To reduce the risk of ground loop hum, use a
central point for system AC power distribution. Power consumption is 30 watts.
4. CONTROLS (see next page)
4.1 Input dB (Gain)
This 3-position slide switch sets the operating level of the microphone preamp. Best signal to
noise ratio is obtained with higher gain settings, however it is important to leave enough headroom
(20dB) to prevent clipping. The numbers -20, -40, and -60 refer to the nominal level of the microphone
signal applied to the input. In other words, more gain is needed for a weak -60dB signal than for a
stronger -20dB signal, so as the switch is pushed further to the right, more gain is applied in the mic
preamp circuit. The center position (-40) is a good starting point for most applications. Note: The
Input Gain switch increases or decreases by 20dB increments. To avoid system feedback and possible
driver or hearing damage, turn down the channel level control before adjusting the gain, then slowly
increase level control to suitable setting.
4.2 Input Level
This inner concentric control determines the mix level of its respective channel. If you have
insufficient signal with the level fully turned up, change the Input dB (gain) switch of that channel to
a higher setting (turn down level first).
4.3 Input Pan
This outer concentric control determines the stereo position of the signal.
4.4 Clip
Each input has a red LED which will illuminate when either the mic preamp or input level
circuit pass a signal which is 3dB below clipping. If the level control is turned off and the LED is still
flashing, reduce the Input dB (gain) switch.
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Operating Manual -MX-206 Stereo Microphone Mixer
4.5 Stereo Line In
This control adjusts the level of the stereo line in
signal from the RCA inputs on the back panel and the
3.5mm Stereo Line In jack on the front panel. The Stereo
Line In input signal should have a nominal level of -10dB.
4.12 Power Switch
This switch turns on AC power to the mixer, lighting the green LED. If the switch is pressed but the LED is
still off, check to see that the AC power cord is not detached.
4.6 Stereo Outputs
The Left and Right output levels are independently
controlled by these two dials. They respectively determine
the signal at the 1/4" jack Main outputs.
5. CONNECTIONS AND CABLES
4.7 Mono Output
This inner concentric control determines the output level of the transformer-balanced Mono Output XLR
connector. Its signal is summed from the right and left
mix bus, and is fully independent of the settings of the
stereo output level controls.
The MX-206 mixer is fitted with five types of audio connectors: 3-pin XLR type male (mono output), 3pin XLR type female (mic inputs), tip-ring-sleeve (TRS)
phone jacks, RCA jack, and 3.5mm stereo TRS jack. Although using unbalanced tip-sleeve 1/4" plugs will work
in certain applications, we recommend always using balanced TRS cabling for the stereo 1/4" jack outputs.
3.5mm Stereo Phone Plug
used for Stereo Line In
Tip (L), Ring (R)
4.8 Headphones Output Level
This outer concentric control determines the level
of the stereo headphones, and is fully independent of the
settings of the stereo and mono output level controls
4.11 Phantom Power Indicator
This red LED is lit when the +48V phantom power
is turned on. The phantom power switch is on the back
panel.
4
(+)
Tip (+)
RCA Plug
Ring (-)
Sleeve (Gnd)
Stereo Phone Plug
used for balanced
4.9 Output Meters
Two 6-segment LED arrays show the current status of the stereo outputs. 0VU is equivalent to +4dBu
(1.228Vrms).
4.10 Stereo Headphone Jack
You can monitor the stereo mix through headphones independent of all other output controls. In other
words, the headphones can be used even if all other output controls are turned off.
(Gnd)
Tip (+)
Sleeve (Gnd)
Mono Phone Plug
used for unbalanced
XLR Male
XLR pins are
numbered
on the
connector
insert.
2 = (+)
3 = (-)
1 = (gnd)
XLR Female
Audio Connector Types
Operating Manual - MX-206 Stereo Microphone Mixer
Two-conductor (twisted pair) shielded cable is best
for all XLR type connections. Belden No. 8412, or its equivalent, is an excellent cable due to its heavy construction.
This type of cable should be used for all portable applications. Snake cables containing multiple shielded pairs must
be handled very carefully because the leads tend to be
fragile, and a broken conductor is difficult to repair.
If low level and high level lines (e.g., microphones
and mixer line outputs), or if either of these lines and
speaker cables are run parallel for long distances, crosstalk
may be significant. In fact, the crosstalk (signal leakage
between cables) can cause an electronic feedback loop,
oscillation, and possibly damage to the equipment. To
minimize crosstalk, physically separate low level (microphone) cables from speaker cables by the greatest feasible
distance. At any point where cables meet, run low level
cables perpendicular to high level or speaker cables. If
low and high level or speaker cables must be run parallel
and in close proximity to one another, they should be
bundled separately.
5.1 Microphone Input
The microphone input is an active balanced type
with a nominal impedance of 1200 ohms. Its noise performance is best with a 200 ohm microphone. The Mic input
connector is a standard 3-pin XLR female with the shield
on pin 1, the (+) in-phase connection on pin 2, and the (-)
out-of-phase connection on pin 3.
5.2 Input Pad
The Pad is a 20dB attenuation switch on the rear
panel for use with each XLR microphone input. It should
normally be left in the "out" position for best signal to
noise ratio and should only be used when the input is being overdriven with the Input dB (gain) switch at its minimum setting.
5.7 Stereo Line In - Stereo Line Out
The stereo line inputs on RCA and 3.5mm connectors have a nominal operating level of -10dBu to match
most consumer level audio products. The stereo line outputs are -10dBu "pre-master", so they are not affected by
the settings of the output controls.
5.8 Mono Transformer Balanced Output
The mono transformer output uses a male XLR
type connector and provides total isolation for 600 ohm
lines. Pin 1 is ground, pin 2 is (+), and pin 3 is (-). This
output is controlled by the Mono level, with a nominal
operating level of +4dBu.
Note: The transformer-balanced output is designed to drive up to +24dBu into a 600 ohm load. Because of the nature of an output transformer, the output
level increases as the impedance of the terminating load
becomes higher than 600 ohms. Whereas a "directcoupled" output stage like that of the stereo outputs will
not change as the load changes, any transformer used in
an audio path is affected by its termination impedance.
Since line level inputs on audio devices are typically
10KΩ or higher, expect a slight increase (2.5dB) in output level when driving high impedance inputs with the
mono transformer output. The output meters will reflect
the levels present on the stereo outputs, regardless of the
load on the transformer output.
5.9 Stereo Outputs
The Stereo Outputs are controlled by the left and
right master. They are 1/4" pseudo-balanced TRS jacks
with a nominal operating level of +4dBu into any load.
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Operating Manual -MX-206 Stereo Microphone Mixer
6. TYPICAL APPLICATIONS:
6.1 Small Sound
Reinforcement System:
In the setup shown here, the MX-206 is used to
mix typical sound sources that might be found in a small
club, meeting room, school theater or similar environment.
Six input channels are used for microphones for vocal or
instrumental pickup. The Stereo Line In (from front or
back panel input jack) and Out provide feeds to and from
a laptop or other recording/playback device for playback
of recorded material, or for making a recording of the mix.
The main PA power amplifiers (or any additional equalizers or electronic crossovers which may be used) are fed
from the Stereo Output connectors, while a stage or control room monitor is fed from the Mono Output.
6.2 Location Recording or Broadcast Mixing:
In this setup the MX-206 is used to mix sources
typically found in location recording or broadcast situations (mostly microphones). In this case, all six inputs are
microphones, as would be used in a roundtable panel discussion. The Stereo Line In receives the output of a laptop,
CD player, or other personal audio device, and the Stereo
Line Out provides a feed to a recording device for making
a recording of the mix. For live remote broadcast applications, the transformer-isolated Mono Output connector can
feed a suitable video, telephone or press-box interface.
6.3 Submixer In Larger Sound System:
In this application the MX-206 is used to upgrade
an existing sound system by providing a vocal or instrumental sub-mix to the main mixer without tying up a number of channels on the main console. This technique allows
the system input capacity to be expanded without installing more buried mic cables and without changing a mixing console that everyone is already comfortable with.
Use the Headphones Output to achieve a "pre-mix" before
adjusting the main console.
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Operating Manual - MX-206 Stereo Microphone Mixer
7. TROUBLESHOOTING TIPS
7.1 No Sound
Check the AC power. Is the power switch on and
its LED lit? Check the level meters. If they are operating,
the problem is between the mixer and the later components in the system. If there is no meter activity, check to
see you really have an input signal and that it is on the
desired channel. Check that you have the master gain
controls at the desired operating level.
7.2 Distorted Sound
Something is being overdriven in the signal path.
If the clip indicators are active, reduce the channel gain
control and/or press in the pad switch on the rear panel. If
the output level meters are constantly in the red, reduce
the Master gain and increase the gain of components following the mixer. There are many gain adjustments in the
mixer itself and probably several others in other system
components which makes it possible to overdrive an input section and then incorrectly try to reduce the gain of
the output section. The best way to approach setting gains
is to establish the operating level of input stages first by
setting their gain as high as possible but leaving about
20dB of headroom for loud peaks, then move on to set the
master gain to produce a good meter reading. Proceed to
set the gain of equalizers, limiters, crossovers, and amplifiers following the mixer in the same manner, always working toward the later stages of the system.
7.3 Excessive Noise
If the noise is in the form of hiss, the problem is
usually due to an input stage set up for low gain and then
compensating by increasing the master gain. Check that
the Pad switch is not enabled unnecessarily. Turn up the
channel gain controls and reduce the master gain.
7.4 Excessive hum
This is usually caused by ground loops in the system wiring. A complex sound system with many sources
separated by significant distance and using several power
outlets has many opportunities for this problem to occur.
If possible, feed everything in the system from one power
source with a common ground. Use balanced input and
output connections between widely separated components.
HUM & NOISE (20Hz-20KHz)
equivalent input hum and noise (input switch -60dB)<-128dBu
residual output noise, TRS outputs,
all levels at minimum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . <-100dBu
residual output noise, XLR outputs, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . <-90dBu
Master Level at nominal,
all Ch. Level controls at min . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . <-84dBu
Master Level and one Ch. Level at nom. . . . . . . . . . . . <-80dBu
MAXIMUM VOLTAGE GAIN (±2dB)
Mic Input to Master Output, 600 ohm load . . . . . . . . . . . 84dB
Aux In to Master Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28dB
FREQUENCY RESPONSE
20Hz-20KHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +0/-0.5dB
CROSSTALK
Between any inputs or outputs
20Hz-20KHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . <-60dB
VU METERS
Two 5-segment LED meters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0VU = +4dBu
PEAK INDICATORS
Peak Clip indicator on each input channel and left and right outputs, illuminates 3dB below clipping
PHANTOM POWER
+48 VDC applied to all Mic Inputs, switchable on front panel.
Maximum total current draw = 80mA. Maximum single channel
current draw = 14mA. Gradual power-up and down to eliminate
"pops".
SHIPPING WEIGHT
13 lbs. (5.9kg) maximum
DIMENSIONS
19"W (48.3) by 9.4"D (23.9) by 1.75"H (4.45)
POWER REQUIREMENTS
100-240 VAC, 50-60 Hz, 30 Watts
*unless otherwise stated, specification conditions are:
150Ω source, Input set at "-40", all other controls set at
nominal, XLR output into 600Ω or greater.
If you need help, get in touch with your Ashly
dealer or call an Ashly technical service representative at
1-800-828-6308.
8. SPECIFICATIONS
DISTORTION
THD at +20 dBu, 20Hz-20KHz, input switch at -40dB <0.05%
IMD (SMPTE) at +20dBu, input switch at -40dB . . . . <0.02%
7
Operating Manual - MX-206 Stereo Microphone Mixer
9. Ashly Audio Inc. LIMITED WARRANTY (USA ONLY)
(Other countries please contact your respective distributor or dealer.)
For units purchased in the USA, warranty service for this unit shall be provided by ASHLY AUDIO, INC. in accordance
with the following warranty statement.
ASHLY AUDIO, INC. warrants to the owner of this product that it will be free from defects in workmanship and materials
for a period of FIVE years from the original-date-of-purchase. ASHLY AUDIO INC. will without charge, repair or replace at
its discretion, any defective product or component parts upon prepaid delivery of the product to the ASHLY AUDIO, INC.
factory service department, accompanied with a proof of original-date-of-purchase in the form of a valid sales receipt.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights, which vary from state to state.
EXCLUSIONS: This warranty does not apply in the event of misuse, neglect, or as a result of unauthorized alterations or
repairs made to the product. This warranty is void if the serial number is altered, defaced, or removed. ASHLY AUDIO,
INC. reserves the right to make changes in design, or make additions to, or improvements upon, this product without any
obligation to install the same on products previously manufactured.
Any implied warranties, which may arise under the operation of state law, shall be effective only for FIVE years from the
original-date-of-purchase of the product. ASHLY AUDIO, INC. shall be obligated to only correct defects in the product
itself. ASHLY AUDIO, INC. is not liable for any damage or injury, which may result from, or be incidental to, or a consequence
of, such defects. Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, or the exclusion, or limitation
of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you.
OBTAINING WARRANTY SERVICE:
For warranty service in the United States, please follow this procedure:
1) Return the product to ASHLY AUDIO, INC. freight prepaid, with a written statement describing the defect and application
that the product is used in. ASHLY AUDIO, INC. will examine the product and perform any necessary service, including
replacement of defective parts, at no further cost to you.
2) Ship your product to:
ASHLY AUDIO, INC.
Attention: Service Department
847 Holt Road
Webster, NY 14580-9103
ASHLY AUDIO INC. 847 Holt Road Webster, NY 14580-9103
Phone: (585) 872-0010 Fax: (585) 872-0739
Toll Free (800) 828-6308 www.ashly.com
© 2011 by Ashly Audio Inc. All rights reserved worldwide.
Printed in USA
MX206 R-0111
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