important safety instructions

important safety instructions
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
It is the responsibility of the user to read and understand all instructions, important safeguards,
and safety precautions before operating or servicing any pump. Failure to do so may result in
property damage, personal injury or death.
General Safety Information and Symbols
Pay special attention to the following signal words, safety alert symbols and statements:
indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury or property damage.
indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in property damage.
indicates a potential personal injury hazard. Obey all safety messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible injury or death.
A. FLAMMABLE OR EXPLOSIVE LIQUID HAZARD
Do not operate pump with flammable or explosive liquids unless extraordinary safety precautions are observed. Leaks of flammable or explosive liquids, if exposed to
elevated temperatures, static electricity, sparks or other hazards, will result in flame or possible explosion, causing serious personal injury, death or property damage.
1. Before operating pump with flammable or explosive liquids, ensure proper
maintenance has been performed.
2. Do not operate pump with flammable or explosive liquids if leaks are detected.
3. Only pump flammable or explosive liquids that are compatible with pump
component materials.
4. Do not operate pump with flammable or explosive liquids without safeguards or
safety systems to detect leaks, elevated temperatures, spark prevention or any
other hazards defined by the NFPA systems.
5. Do not remove Flammable Liquids Product Suitability Hang Tag to assure proper safety.
6. Follow ATEX guidelines for potentially explosive atmospheres.
A. ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
E. PUMPING LIQUIDS HAZARD
Do not service pump or electrical equipment while energized. Electricity can cause
personal injury, death or property damage.
Do not operate pump with hot water, chemicals, or other hazardous liquids unless
extraordinary safety precautions are observed. Pumping hot water, chemicals, or
other hazardous liquids can expose personnel to serious injury.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Adhere to "Lock Out" and "Tag Out" procedures for electrical equipment.
Before commencing pump service, turn power supply off.
Keep water away from electrical outlets and electrical devices.
Electrical components must be installed by a qualified electrician to avoid risk of
electrocution.
B. ROTATING PARTS HAZARD
Do not service pump while energized. Moving, rotating or reciprocating parts can
crush and cut, causing personal injury, death or property damage.
1. Adhere to "Lock Out" and "Tag Out" procedures for electrical equipment.
2. Before commencing pump service, turn power supply off, turn water supply off,
squeeze trigger on gun to relieve system pressure.
3. F or mobile equipment, be sure engines and hydraulics are turned off and secured
to avoid accidental start.
4. Do not operate with safety guards removed.
5. Always use safety guards on all belt drives, couplings and shafts.
C. HOT SURFACE HAZARD
Do not touch pump, accessories or drive system while operating and until cool down
is complete. Touching hot surface areas of the pump, accessories or drive system can
cause severe burns or personal injury.
D. SKIN PUNCTURE HAZARD
Do not allow spray to contact any part of the body or animals. Pumped liquids under
high pressure can pierce skin and underlying tissue or can deflect debris leading to
serious personal injury or death.
1. Relieve all line pressure in the inlet line to the pump and discharge line from the
pump before performing any maintenance on the pump.
2. When high pressure gun is not in use, set safety trigger lock (safety latch) to avoid
accidental high pressure operation and personal injury or property damage.
3. Do not check for leaks with hand. Use a piece of cardboard to check for leaks.
4. Review cleaning procedures to minimize heavy back blasting.
5. Wear adequate safety equipment and clothing when operating high pressure
sprayer. Never use high pressure spray with bare feet or exposed skin, and always
wear safety glasses.
1. Provide guards or shields around equipment to protect personnel.
2. Wear mask, goggles or eye protection while operating high pressure equipment.
3. Obtain a Safety Data Sheet (SDS) and take appropriate safety measures for the liquid
being handled.
F. OVER PRESSURIZATION HAZARD
Do not operate high pressure pumping system unless extraordinary safety
precautions are observed. A high pressure pumping system can deadhead or over
pressurize causing serious personal injury and property damage.
1. All high pressure systems require a primary pressure regulating device (i.e., regulator
or unloader) and a secondary pressure safety relief device (i.e., pop-off valve, safety
valve, rupture disc) to assure proper pressure setting and overpressure protection.
2. All high pressure systems require a pressure gauge to monitor pressure settings and
avoid overpressure of equipment or personal harm.
3. Install primary pressure relief device on the discharge side of the pump.
4. Install secondary pressure relief device between the primary device and pump.
5. Install pressure gauge onto the discharge manifold or in the discharge line near
the manifold.
6. Open all valves on discharge side of plumbing before operation.
G. OXYGEN HAZARD
Do not charge pulsation dampeners with oxygen. Oxygen may cause an
explosion causing personal injury, death or property damage.
1. Use nitrogen only when charging pulsation dampeners, DO NOT USE OXYGEN.
2. Use proper charging tools to charge pulsation dampeners.
3. Charge pulsation dampener within specifications stated on data sheet to assure
proper pulsation dampening and prevent failure of bladder.
H. FALL HAZARD
Do not operate pressure washer while standing on slippery or unstable surface
unless extraordinary safety precautions are observed. Pressure washing may
create slippery surface on which a person may slip and fall causing personal
injury or death.
1. Wear suitable footwear to maintain a good grip on wet surfaces.
2. Do not stand on ladders or scaffolding.
3. Do not over reach or stand on unstable supports.
4. Keep good footing and balance and hold gun with both hands to control kick back.
A. IMPROPER USE OF FITTINGS HAZARD
D. OPERATING BEYOND SPECIFICATIONS HAZARD
Do not operate the pump with improperly connected, sized, worn or loose fittings,
pipes or hoses. Operating the pump under these conditions could result in personal
injury and property damage.
Do not operate the pump outside the specifications of individual pump data sheet
or service manual. Operating the pump under these conditions could result in
personal injury and property damage.
1. Ensure all fittings, pipes and hoses are properly rated for the maximum pressure
rating and flow of the pump.
2. Check all fittings and pipes for cracks or damaged threads.
3. Check all hoses for cuts, wear, leaks, kinks or collapse before each use.
4. Ensure all connections are tight and secure.
5. Use PTFE thread tape or pipe thread sealant (sparingly) to reconnect plumbing.
Do not wrap tape beyond the last thread, this will prevent tape from becoming
lodged in the pump or accessories.
6. Apply proper sealants to assure secure fit or easy disassembly when servicing.
1. Do not operate the pump faster than the maximum recommended RPM.
2. Do not operate the pump at pressures higher than the maximum
recommended pressure.
3. Do not operate the pump at temperatures higher than the maximum
recommended temperatures.
4. Do not use accessories that are not compatible or rated for the pump.
B. FROZEN LIQUID HAZARD
Do not operate the pump with frozen liquid. Operating the pump under this
condition could over pressurize and jettison the manifold from the crankcase
causing personal injury and property damage.
1. Store pump or pumping system in an environmentally controlled room protected
from freezing temperatures.
2. Follow procedures in TECH BULLETIN 083 to winterize pump.
E. LIFTING DEVICE HAZARD
Do not lift pump with unsuitable lifting devices. Use of unsuitable lifting devices
may cause pump to fall resulting in personal injury, damage to pump and/or pump
with drive/base plate.
1. Lifting eyes installed on the pump must be used only to lift the pump.
2. Special lifting eyes should be installed on the base for lifting the pumping system
(i.e. base, drive and accessories)
3. If slings or chains are used for lifting, they must be safely and securely attached to
properly balance the weight of the unit.
4. Inspect slings and chains prior to use and replace worn and damaged slings and chains.
C. CLEANING PUMP HAZARD
Do not use solvents that are flammable and toxic to clean or degrease equipment.
Use of these solvents could result in personal injury and property damage.
1. Follow safety instructions as found in SDS or on packaging of each liquid.
2. Clean equipment in a well ventilated area.
3. Disposal of solvents to be in accordance with local, state and federal regulations.
A. OIL HAZARD
D. BY-PASS OPERATION HAZARD
Use only genuine Cat Pumps custom-blend, premium grade, petroleum-based
hydraulic oil. Use of other oil may not provide proper lubrication of drive-end
components and may result in damage to the crankcase of the pump.
Do not operate the pump in by-pass for extended lengths of time. Operating the
pump under this condition can quickly cause heat build-up resulting in damage to
the pump.
1. Cat Pumps custom-blend oil is available worldwide in 21 oz. bottles, cases, or
5-gallon twin packs. Use of other oils may void the warranty.
2. Fill pump crankcase to specific capacity indicated on data sheet or service manual
prior to startup.
1. Route by-pass line to supply reservoir to dissipate heated by-pass liquid into a large
reservoir of cool water to reduce excessive temperature build-up.
2. Route by-pass line to inlet of pump using a thermo valve in the by-pass line or auto
shut-off assembly that will sense temperature rise and either by-pass or shut down
system before damage occurs.
B. ROTATION OF PUMP HAZARD
Do not rotate pump crankshaft in reverse direction. Rotation of pump crankshaft in
reverse direction may not provide proper lubrication and may result in damage to
the drive-end components.
E. DRY OPERATION HAZARD
1. Forward rotation is the top of the crankshaft turning towards the manifold head
of the pump.
2. Ensure oil is filled to the center red dot on sight gauge for forward rotation.
3. Ensure oil is filled to slightly above center red dot on sight gauge for
reverse rotation.
1. Open all valves on inlet side of pump before starting operation to prevent starving
the pump.
2. Do not exceed inlet suction pressure limit specified in pump data sheet.
3. Ensure inlet feed exceeds the maximum flow being delivered by the pump.
4. Ensure all fittings, pipes and hoses are properly sized for the pump to avoid
restricted flow.
5. Review and implement all other recommendations appropriate for your system
from the Inlet Condition Check-List.
C. BELT TENSION HAZARD
Do not operate pump with excessive belt tension. Excessive belt tension may
damage the pumps bearings or reduce horsepower.
Do not operate the pump without water or liquid. Operating pump under these
conditions could result in damage to the pump.
1. Rotate pump crankshaft before starting to ensure shaft and bearings are
moving freely.
2. Ensure pulleys are properly sized.
3. Periodically replace belts to assure full horsepower transmission.
4. Ensure center distance dimensions between pulleys is correct.
CAT PUMPS
1681 - 94TH LANE N.E. MINNEAPOLIS, MN 55449-4324
PHONE (763) 780-5440 — FAX (763) 780-2958
e-mail: [email protected]
www.catpumps.com
For International Inquiries go to www.catpumps.com and navigate to the “Contact Us” link.
PN 993315 Rev C 12/16
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