Shark 200/200T Meter User Manual V.1.21

Shark 200/200T Meter User Manual V.1.21
Shark 200 & 200T
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Shark® 200/200T Meter Installation and Operation Manual Version 1.21
Published by:
Electro Industries/GaugeTech (EIG)
1800 Shames Drive
Westbury, NY 11590
Copyright Notice
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in
any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or information storage or retrieval systems or any future forms of duplication, for
any purpose other than the purchaser's use, without the expressed written permission
of Electro Industries/GaugeTech.
© 2016 Electro Industries/GaugeTech
Shark® is a registered trademark of Electro Industries/GaugeTech. The distinctive
shapes, styles, and overall appearances of all Shark® meters are trademarks of
Electro Industries/GaugeTech. Communicator EXTTM and V-SwitchTM are trademarks
of Electro Industries/GaugeTech.
Modbus® is a registered trademark of Schneider Electric, licensed to the Modbus
Organization, Inc.
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Customer Service and Support
Customer support is available 9:00 am to 4:30 pm, Eastern Standard Time, Monday
through Friday. Please have the model, serial number and a detailed problem description available. If the problem concerns a particular reading, please have all meter
readings available. When returning any merchandise to EIG, a return materials
authorization number is required. For customer or technical assistance, repair or
calibration, phone 516-334-0870 or fax 516-338-4741.
Product Warranty
Electro Industries/GaugeTech (EIG) warrants all products to be free from defects in
material and workmanship for a period of four years from the date of shipment.
During the warranty period, we will, at our option, either repair or replace any product
that proves to be defective.
To exercise this warranty, fax or call our customer-support department. You will
receive prompt assistance and return instructions. Send the instrument, transportation prepaid, to EIG at 1800 Shames Drive, Westbury, NY 11590. Repairs will be made
and the instrument will be returned.
This warranty does not apply to defects resulting from unauthorized modification,
misuse, or use for any reason other than electrical power monitoring. The Shark®
200/200T meter is not a user-serviceable product.
THIS WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. ELECTRO INDUSTRIES/
GAUGETECH SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING FROM ANY AUTHORIZED OR
UNAUTHORIZED USE OF ANY ELECTRO INDUSTRIES/GAUGETECH
PRODUCT. LIABILITY SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE ORIGINAL COST OF
THE PRODUCT SOLD.
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Use Of Product for Protection
Our products are not to be used for primary over-current protection. Any protection
feature in our products is to be used for alarm or secondary protection only.
Statement of Calibration
Our instruments are inspected and tested in accordance with specifications published
by Electro Industries/GaugeTech. The accuracy and a calibration of our instruments
are traceable to the National Institute of Standards and Technology through
equipment that is calibrated at planned intervals by comparison to certified standards.
For optimal performance, EIG recommends that any meter, including those manufactured by EIG, be verified for accuracy on a yearly interval using NIST traceable accuracy standards.
Disclaimer
The information presented in this publication has been carefully checked for
reliability; however, no responsibility is assumed for inaccuracies. The information
contained in this document is subject to change without notice.
This symbol indicates that the operator must refer must to an
important WARNING or CAUTION in the operating instructions.
Please see 4.1: Considerations When Installing Meters on page 41, for important safety information regarding installation and
hookup of the Shark® 200/200T meter.
Dans ce manuel, ce symbole indique que l’opérateur doit se référer à un important
AVERTISSEMENT ou une MISE EN GARDE dans les instructions opérationnelles. Veuillez consulter 4.1: Considerations When Installing Meters on page 4- 1, pour des informations importantes relatives à l’installation et branchement du compteur.
The following safety symbols may be used on the meter itself:
Les symboles de sécurité suivante peuvent être utilisés sur le compteur même:
This symbol alerts you to the presence of high voltage, which can
cause dangerous electrical shock.
Ce symbole vous indique la présence d’une haute tension qui peut
provoquer une décharge électrique dangereuse.
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This symbol indicates the field wiring terminal that must be connected
to earth ground before operating the meter, which protects against
electrical shock in case of a fault condition.
Ce symbole indique que la borne de pose des canalisations in-situ qui doit être
branchée dans la mise à terre avant de faire fonctionner le compteur qui est protégé
contre une décharge électrique ou un état défectueux.
This symbol indicates that the user must refer to this manual for
specific WARNING or CAUTION information to avoid personal injury or
damage to the product.
Ce symbole indique que l'utilisateur doit se référer à ce manuel pour AVERTISSEMENT
ou MISE EN GARDE l'information pour éviter toute blessure ou tout endommagement
du produit.
About Electro Industries/GaugeTech (EIG)
Founded in 1975 by engineer and inventor Dr. Samuel Kagan, Electro Industries/
GaugeTech changed the face of power monitoring forever with its first breakthrough
innovation: an affordable, easy-to-use AC power meter.
0RUHWKDQIorty years since its founding, Electro Industries/GaugeTech, the leader in power
monitoring and control, continues to revolutionize the industry with the highest quality, cutting edge power monitoring and control technology on the market today. An
ISO 9001:2008 certified company, EIG sets the industry standard for advanced power
quality and reporting, revenue metering and substation data acquisition and control.
EIG products can be found on site at mainly all of today's leading manufacturers,
industrial giants and utilities.
EIG products are primarily designed, manufactured, tested and calibrated at our facility in Westbury, New York.
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Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Customer Service and Support
Product Warranty
Statement of Calibration
Disclaimer
About Electro Industries/GaugeTech
iii
iii
iv
iv
v
1:Three-Phase Power Measurement
1.1: Three-Phase System Configurations
1.1.1: Wye Connection
1.1.2: Delta Connection
1.1.3: Blondel’s Theorem and Three Phase Measurement
1.2: Power, Energy and Demand
1.3: Reactive Energy and Power Factor
1.4: Harmonic Distortion
1.5: Power Quality
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-4
1-6
1-8
1-12
1-14
1-17
2: Meter Overview and Specifications
2.1: Shark® 200 Meter Overview
2.1.1: Voltage and Current Inputs
2.1.2: Ordering Information
2.1.3: V-Switch™ Key Technology
2.1.4: Measured Values
2.1.5: Utility Peak Demand
2.2: Specifications
2.3: Compliance
2.4: Accuracy
2-1
2-1
2-3
2-4
2-7
2-9
2-10
2-11
2-16
2-17
3: Mechanical Installation
3.1: Introduction
3.2: ANSI Installation Steps
3.3: DIN Installation Steps
3.4: Transducer Installation
3-1
3-1
3-3
3-4
3-6
4: Electrical Installation
4.1: Considerations When Installing Meters
4.2: CT Leads Terminated to Meter
4.3: CT Leads Pass Through (No Meter Termination)
4.4: Quick Connect Crimp-on Terminations
4.5: Voltage and Power Supply Connections
4.6: Ground Connections
4.7: Voltage Fuses
4.8: Electrical Connection Diagrams
4.9: Extended Surge Protection for Substation Instrumentation
4-1
4-1
4-4
4-5
4-6
4-7
4-7
4-7
4-8
4-21
5: Communication Installation
5.1: Shark® 200 Meter Communication
5.1.1: IrDA Port (Com 1)
5.1.2: RS485 / KYZ Output (Com 2)
5.1.2.1: Using the Unicom 2500
5.2: Shark® 200T Transducer Communication
and Programming Overview
5-1
5-1
5-1
5-1
5-5
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Table of Contents
5.2.1: Accessing the Meter in Default Communication Mode
5.2.2: Connecting to the Meter through Communicator
EXTTM Software
5.2.2.1: Shark® 200 Meter Device Profile Settings
5-6
5-7
5-11
6: Using the Shark® 200 Meter
6.1: Introduction
6.1.1: Understanding Meter Face Elements 6-1
6.1.2: Understanding Meter Face Buttons 6-2
6.2: Using the Front Panel
6.2.1: Understanding Startup and Default Displays
6.2.2: Using the Main Menu
6.2.3: Using Reset Mode
6.2.4: Entering a Password
6.2.5: Using Configuration Mode
6.2.5.1: Configuring the Scroll Feature
6.2.5.2: Configuring CT Setting
6.2.5.3: Configuring PT Setting
6.2.5.4: Configuring Connection Setting
6.2.5.5: Configuring Communication Port Setting
6.2.6: Using Operating Mode
6.3: Understanding the % of Load Bar
6.4: Performing Watt-Hour Accuracy Testing (Verification)
6-1
6-1
7: Using the I/O Option Cards
7.1: Overview
7.2: Installing Option Cards
7.3: Configuring Option Cards
7.4: 1mA Output Card (1mAOS)
7.4.1: Specifications:
7.4.2: Default Configuration:
7.4.3: Wiring Diagram
7.5: 20mA Output Card (20mAOS)
7.5.1: Specifications
7.5.2: Default Configuration
7.5.3: Wiring Diagram
7.6: Digital Output (Relay Contact) / Digital Input Card (RO1S)
7.6.1: Specifications
7.6.2: Wiring Diagram
7.7: Pulse Output (Solid State Relay Contacts) /
Digital Input Card (P01S)
7.7.1: Specifications
7.7.2: Default Configuration
7.7.3: Wiring Diagram
7.8: Fiber Optic Communication Card (FOSTS; FOVPS)
7.8.1: Specifications
7.8.2: Wiring Diagram
7.9: 10/100BaseT Ethernet Communication Card (INP100S)
7.9.1: Specifications
7.9.2: Default Configuration
7.9.3: Wiring Diagram
7.10: IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network Card (INP300S)
7.10.1: Specifications
7.10.2: Default Configuration
7-1
7-1
7-1
7-3
7-3
7-3
7-4
7-5
7-6
7-6
7-7
7-8
7-9
7-9
7-11
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6-3
6-4
6-5
6-6
6-7
6-9
6-10
6-11
6-13
6-13
6-15
6-16
6-17
7-12
7-12
7-13
7-14
7-15
7-15
7-16
7-17
7-17
7-18
7-18
7-20
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TOC - 2
Table of Contents
7.10.3: Wiring Diagram
7-21
8: Using the Ethernet Card (INP100S)
8.1: Overview
8.2: Hardware Connection
8.3: Performing Network Configuration
8.4: Ethernet Card Features
8.4.1: Ethernet Communication
8.4.2: Embedded Web Server
8.4.2.1: Upgrading the Ethernet Card’s Firmware
8.4.2.2: Resetting the Ethernet Card
8.4.3: NTP Time Server Synchronization
8.4.4: Modbus and DNP over Ethernet
8.4.5: Keep-Alive Feature
8-1
8-1
8-1
8-2
8-3
8-3
8-3
8-7
8-8
8-8
8-9
8-9
9: Data Logging
9.1: Overview
9.2: Available Logs
9-1
9-1
9-1
A: Shark® 200 Meter Navigation Maps
A.1: Introduction
A.2: Navigation Maps (Sheets 1 to 4)
A-1
A-1
A-1
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
B.1: Introduction
B.2: Modbus Register Map Sections
B.3: Data Formats
B.4: Floating Point Values
B.5: Retrieving Logs Using the Shark® 200 Meter's Modbus Map
B.5.1: Data Formats
B.5.2: Shark® 200 Meter Logs
B.5.3: Block Definitions
B.5.4: Log Retrieval
B.5.4.1: Auto-Increment
B.5.4.2: Modbus Function Code 0x23
B.5.4.3: Log Retrieval Procedure
B.5.4.4: Log Retrieval Example
B.5.5: Log Record Interpretation
B.5.6: Examples
B.6: Important Note Concerning the Shark® 200 Meter's
Modbus Map
B.6.1: Hex Representation
B.6.2: Decimal Representation
B.7: Modbus Register Map (MM-1 to MM-32)
B-1
B-1
B-1
B-1
B-2
B-3
B-4
B-4
B-6
B-16
B-16
B-16
B-17
B-20
B-28
B-36
C: DNP Mapping
C.1: Overview
C.2: Physical Layer
C.3: Data Link Layer
C.4: Application Layer
C.5: Error Reply
C.6: DNP Register Map
C.7: DNP Message Layouts
C.8: Internal Indication Bits
C-1
C-1
C-1
C-1
C-2
C-3
C-3
C-6
C-9
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B-39
B-39
B-40
TOC - 3
Table of Contents
D: Using the USB to IrDA Adapter (CAB6490)
D.1: Introduction
D.2: Installation Procedures
D-1
D-1
D-1
E: Using the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network Card
(INP300S)
E.1: Overview of IEC 61850
E.1.1: Relationship of Clients and Servers in IEC 61850
E.1.2: Structure of IEC 61850 Network
E.1.2.1: Elements of an IEC 61850 Network
E.1.3: Steps in Configuring an IEC 61850 Network
E.1.4: EIG’s Implementation of the IEC 61850 Server
E.1.4.1: Shark® 200 Server Configuration
E.1.5: Reference Materials
E.1.6: Free Tools for IEC 61850 Start-up
E.1.7: Commercial Tools for an IEC 61850 Implementation
E.2: Using the Shark® 200 meter’s IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet
Network Card
E.2.1: Overview
E.2.2: Installing the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network Card
E.2.3: Configuring the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network Card
E.2.3.1: Configuring the Device Profile IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet
Network Card Settings
E.2.3.2: Configuring the Meter on the IEC 61850 Network
E.3: Viewing the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network Card’s
System Log
E.4: Upgrading the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network Card’s
Firmware
E.5: Resetting the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network Card
E.6: Testing
E-7: Error Codes
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E-9
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TOC - 4
1: Three-Phase Power Measurement
1: Three-Phase Power Measurement
This introduction to three-phase power and power measurement is intended to
provide only a brief overview of the subject. The professional meter engineer or meter
technician should refer to more advanced documents such as the EEI Handbook for
Electricity Metering and the application standards for more in-depth and technical
coverage of the subject.
1.1: Three-Phase System Configurations
Three-phase power is most commonly used in situations where large amounts of
power will be used because it is a more effective way to transmit the power and
because it provides a smoother delivery of power to the end load. There are two
commonly used connections for three-phase power, a wye connection or a delta
connection. Each connection has several different manifestations in actual use.
When attempting to determine the type of connection in use, it is a good practice to
follow the circuit back to the transformer that is serving the circuit. It is often not
possible to conclusively determine the correct circuit connection simply by counting
the wires in the service or checking voltages. Checking the transformer connection
will provide conclusive evidence of the circuit connection and the relationships
between the phase voltages and ground.
1.1.1: Wye Connection
The wye connection is so called because when you look at the phase relationships and
the winding relationships between the phases it looks like a Y. Figure 1.1 depicts the
winding relationships for a wye-connected service. In a wye service the neutral (or
center point of the wye) is typically grounded. This leads to common voltages of 208/
120 and 480/277 (where the first number represents the phase-to-phase voltage and
the second number represents the phase-to-ground voltage).
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1: Three-Phase Power Measurement
VC
Phase 3
N
Phase 1
Phase 2
VB
VA
Figure 1.1: Three-phase Wye Winding
The three voltages are separated by 120o electrically. Under balanced load conditions
the currents are also separated by 120o. However, unbalanced loads and other
conditions can cause the currents to depart from the ideal 120o separation. Threephase voltages and currents are usually represented with a phasor diagram. A phasor
diagram for the typical connected voltages and currents is shown in Figure 1.2.
VB
IB
N
IA
VC
IC
VA
Figure 1.2: Phasor Diagram Showing Three-phase Voltages and Currents
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1: Three-Phase Power Measurement
The phasor diagram shows the 120o angular separation between the phase voltages.
The phase-to-phase voltage in a balanced three-phase wye system is 1.732 times the
phase-to-neutral voltage. The center point of the wye is tied together and is typically
grounded. Table 1.1 shows the common voltages used in the United States for wyeconnected systems.
Phase to Ground Voltage
Phase to Phase Voltage
120 volts
208 volts
277 volts
480 volts
2,400 volts
4,160 volts
7,200 volts
12,470 volts
7,620 volts
13,200 volts
Table 1: Common Phase Voltages on Wye Services
Usually a wye-connected service will have four wires: three wires for the phases and
one for the neutral. The three-phase wires connect to the three phases (as shown in
Figure 1.1). The neutral wire is typically tied to the ground or center point of the wye.
In many industrial applications the facility will be fed with a four-wire wye service but
only three wires will be run to individual loads. The load is then often referred to as a
delta-connected load but the service to the facility is still a wye service; it contains
four wires if you trace the circuit back to its source (usually a transformer). In this
type of connection the phase to ground voltage will be the phase-to-ground voltage
indicated in Table 1, even though a neutral or ground wire is not physically present at
the load. The transformer is the best place to determine the circuit connection type
because this is a location where the voltage reference to ground can be conclusively
identified.
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1: Three-Phase Power Measurement
1.1.2: Delta Connection
Delta-connected services may be fed with either three wires or four wires. In a threephase delta service the load windings are connected from phase-to-phase rather than
from phase-to-ground. Figure 1.3 shows the physical load connections for a delta
service.
VC
Phase 2
VB
Phase 3
Phase 1
VA
Figure 1.3: Three-phase Delta Winding Relationship
In this example of a delta service, three wires will transmit the power to the load. In a
true delta service, the phase-to-ground voltage will usually not be balanced because
the ground is not at the center of the delta.
Figure 1.4 shows the phasor relationships between voltage and current on a threephase delta circuit.
In many delta services, one corner of the delta is grounded. This means the phase to
ground voltage will be zero for one phase and will be full phase-to-phase voltage for
the other two phases. This is done for protective purposes.
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1: Three-Phase Power Measurement
VBC
VCA
IC
IA
IB
VAB
Figure 1.4: Phasor Diagram, Three-Phase Voltages and Currents, Delta-Connected
Another common delta connection is the four-wire, grounded delta used for lighting
loads. In this connection the center point of one winding is grounded. On a 120/240
volt, four-wire, grounded delta service the phase-to-ground voltage would be 120
volts on two phases and 208 volts on the third phase. Figure 1.5 shows the phasor
diagram for the voltages in a three-phase, four-wire delta system.
VC
VCA
VBC
N
VA
VAB
VB
Figure 1.5: Phasor Diagram Showing Three-phase Four-Wire Delta-Connected System
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1: Three-Phase Power Measurement
1.1.3: Blondel’s Theorem and Three Phase Measurement
In 1893 an engineer and mathematician named Andre E. Blondel set forth the first
scientific basis for polyphase metering. His theorem states:
If energy is supplied to any system of conductors through N wires, the total power in
the system is given by the algebraic sum of the readings of N wattmeters so arranged
that each of the N wires contains one current coil, the corresponding potential coil
being connected between that wire and some common point. If this common point is
on one of the N wires, the measurement may be made by the use of N-1 Wattmeters.
The theorem may be stated more simply, in modern language:
In a system of N conductors, N-1 meter elements will measure the power or energy
taken provided that all the potential coils have a common tie to the conductor in
which there is no current coil.
Three-phase power measurement is accomplished by measuring the three individual
phases and adding them together to obtain the total three phase value. In older analog meters, this measurement was accomplished using up to three separate elements.
Each element combined the single-phase voltage and current to produce a torque on
the meter disk. All three elements were arranged around the disk so that the disk was
subjected to the combined torque of the three elements. As a result the disk would
turn at a higher speed and register power supplied by each of the three wires.
According to Blondel's Theorem, it was possible to reduce the number of elements
under certain conditions. For example, a three-phase, three-wire delta system could
be correctly measured with two elements (two potential coils and two current coils) if
the potential coils were connected between the three phases with one phase in common.
In a three-phase, four-wire wye system it is necessary to use three elements. Three
voltage coils are connected between the three phases and the common neutral conductor. A current coil is required in each of the three phases.
In modern digital meters, Blondel's Theorem is still applied to obtain proper metering.
The difference in modern meters is that the digital meter measures each phase voltage and current and calculates the single-phase power for each phase. The meter
then sums the three phase powers to a single three-phase reading.
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1: Three-Phase Power Measurement
Some digital meters measure the individual phase power values one phase at a time.
This means the meter samples the voltage and current on one phase and calculates a
power value. Then it samples the second phase and calculates the power for the second phase. Finally, it samples the third phase and calculates that phase power. After
sampling all three phases, the meter adds the three readings to create the equivalent
three-phase power value. Using mathematical averaging techniques, this method can
derive a quite accurate measurement of three-phase power.
More advanced meters actually sample all three phases of voltage and current
simultaneously and calculate the individual phase and three-phase power values. The
advantage of simultaneous sampling is the reduction of error introduced due to the
difference in time when the samples were taken.
C
B
Phase B
Phase C
Node "n"
Phase A
A
N
Figure 1.6: Three-Phase Wye Load Illustrating Kirchhoff’s Law and Blondel’s Theorem
Blondel's Theorem is a derivation that results from Kirchhoff's Law. Kirchhoff's Law
states that the sum of the currents into a node is zero. Another way of stating the
same thing is that the current into a node (connection point) must equal the current
out of the node. The law can be applied to measuring three-phase loads. Figure 1.6
shows a typical connection of a three-phase load applied to a three-phase, four-wire
service. Kirchhoff's Law holds that the sum of currents A, B, C and N must equal zero
or that the sum of currents into Node "n" must equal zero.
If we measure the currents in wires A, B and C, we then know the current in wire N by
Kirchhoff's Law and it is not necessary to measure it. This fact leads us to the
conclusion of Blondel's Theorem- that we only need to measure the power in three of
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1: Three-Phase Power Measurement
the four wires if they are connected by a common node. In the circuit of Figure 1.6 we
must measure the power flow in three wires. This will require three voltage coils and
three current coils (a three-element meter). Similar figures and conclusions could be
reached for other circuit configurations involving Delta-connected loads.
1.2: Power, Energy and Demand
It is quite common to exchange power, energy and demand without differentiating
between the three. Because this practice can lead to confusion, the differences
between these three measurements will be discussed.
Power is an instantaneous reading. The power reading provided by a meter is the
present flow of watts. Power is measured immediately just like current. In many
digital meters, the power value is actually measured and calculated over a one second
interval because it takes some amount of time to calculate the RMS values of voltage
and current. But this time interval is kept small to preserve the instantaneous nature
of power.
Energy is always based on some time increment; it is the integration of power over a
defined time increment. Energy is an important value because almost all electric bills
are based, in part, on the amount of energy used.
Typically, electrical energy is measured in units of kilowatt-hours (kWh). A kilowatthour represents a constant load of one thousand watts (one kilowatt) for one hour.
Stated another way, if the power delivered (instantaneous watts) is measured as
1,000 watts and the load was served for a one hour time interval then the load would
have absorbed one kilowatt-hour of energy. A different load may have a constant
power requirement of 4,000 watts. If the load were served for one hour it would
absorb four kWh. If the load were served for 15 minutes it would absorb ¼ of that
total or one kWh.
Figure 1.7 shows a graph of power and the resulting energy that would be transmitted
as a result of the illustrated power values. For this illustration, it is assumed that the
power level is held constant for each minute when a measurement is taken. Each bar
in the graph will represent the power load for the one-minute increment of time. In
real life the power value moves almost constantly.
The data from Figure 1.7 is reproduced in Table 2 to illustrate the calculation of
energy. Since the time increment of the measurement is one minute and since we
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specified that the load is constant over that minute, we can convert the power reading
to an equivalent consumed energy reading by multiplying the power reading times 1/
60 (converting the time base from minutes to hours).
80
70
kilowat t s
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Time (minutes)
Figure 1.7: Power Use over Time
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Time
Interval
(minute)
Power
(kW)
Energy
(kWh)
Accumulated
Energy
(kWh)
1
30
0.50
0.50
2
50
0.83
1.33
3
40
0.67
2.00
4
55
0.92
2.92
5
60
1.00
3.92
6
60
1.00
4.92
7
70
1.17
6.09
8
70
1.17
7.26
9
60
1.00
8.26
10
70
1.17
9.43
11
80
1.33
10.76
12
50
0.83
12.42
13
50
0.83
12.42
14
70
1.17
13.59
15
80
1.33
14.92
Table 1.2: Power and Energy Relationship over Time
As in Table 1.2, the accumulated energy for the power load profile of Figure 1.7 is
14.92 kWh.
Demand is also a time-based value. The demand is the average rate of energy use
over time. The actual label for demand is kilowatt-hours/hour but this is normally
reduced to kilowatts. This makes it easy to confuse demand with power, but demand
is not an instantaneous value. To calculate demand it is necessary to accumulate the
energy readings (as illustrated in Figure 1.7) and adjust the energy reading to an
hourly value that constitutes the demand.
In the example, the accumulated energy is 14.92 kWh. But this measurement was
made over a 15-minute interval. To convert the reading to a demand value, it must be
normalized to a 60-minute interval. If the pattern were repeated for an additional
three 15-minute intervals the total energy would be four times the measured value or
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59.68 kWh. The same process is applied to calculate the 15-minute demand value.
The demand value associated with the example load is 59.68 kWh/hr or 59.68 kWd.
Note that the peak instantaneous value of power is 80 kW, significantly more than the
demand value.
Figure 1.8 shows another example of energy and demand. In this case, each bar represents the energy consumed in a 15-minute interval. The energy use in each interval
typically falls between 50 and 70 kWh. However, during two intervals the energy rises
sharply and peaks at 100 kWh in interval number 7. This peak of usage will result in
setting a high demand reading. For each interval shown the demand value would be
four times the indicated energy reading. So interval 1 would have an associated
demand of 240 kWh/hr.
Interval 7 will have a demand value of 400 kWh/hr. In the
data shown, this is the peak demand value and would be the number that would set
the demand charge on the utility bill.
100
kilowat t-hours
80
60
40
20
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Intervals (15 mins.)
7
8
Figure 1.8: Energy Use and Demand
As can be seen from this example, it is important to recognize the relationships
between power, energy and demand in order to control loads effectively or to monitor
use correctly.
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1.3: Reactive Energy and Power Factor
The real power and energy measurements discussed in the previous section relate to
the quantities that are most used in electrical systems. But it is often not sufficient to
only measure real power and energy. Reactive power is a critical component of the
total power picture because almost all real-life applications have an impact on reactive power. Reactive power and power factor concepts relate to both load and generation applications. However, this discussion will be limited to analysis of reactive power
and power factor as they relate to loads. To simplify the discussion, generation will
not be considered.
Real power (and energy) is the component of power that is the combination of the
voltage and the value of corresponding current that is directly in phase with the voltage. However, in actual practice the total current is almost never in phase with the
voltage. Since the current is not in phase with the voltage, it is necessary to consider
both the inphase component and the component that is at quadrature (angularly
rotated 90o or perpendicular) to the voltage. Figure 1.9 shows a single-phase voltage
and current and breaks the current into its in-phase and quadrature components.
IR
V
0
IX
I
Figure 1.9: Voltage and Complex Current
The voltage (V) and the total current (I) can be combined to calculate the apparent
power or VA. The voltage and the in-phase current (IR) are combined to produce the
real power or watts. The voltage and the quadrature current (IX) are combined to calculate the reactive power.
The quadrature current may be lagging the voltage (as shown in Figure 1.9) or it may
lead the voltage. When the quadrature current lags the voltage the load is requiring
both real power (watts) and reactive power (VARs). When the quadrature current
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leads the voltage the load is requiring real power (watts) but is delivering reactive
power (VARs) back into the system; that is VARs are flowing in the opposite direction
of the real power flow.
Reactive power (VARs) is required in all power systems. Any equipment that uses
magnetization to operate requires VARs. Usually the magnitude of VARs is relatively
low compared to the real power quantities. Utilities have an interest in maintaining
VAR requirements at the customer to a low value in order to maximize the return on
plant invested to deliver energy. When lines are carrying VARs, they cannot carry as
many watts. So keeping the VAR content low allows a line to carry its full capacity of
watts. In order to encourage customers to keep VAR requirements low, some utilities
impose a penalty if the VAR content of the load rises above a specified value.
A common method of measuring reactive power requirements is power factor. Power
factor can be defined in two different ways. The more common method of calculating
power factor is the ratio of the real power to the apparent power. This relationship is
expressed in the following formula:
Total PF = real power / apparent power = watts/VA
This formula calculates a power factor quantity known as Total Power Factor. It is
called Total PF because it is based on the ratios of the power delivered. The delivered
power quantities will include the impacts of any existing harmonic content. If the voltage or current includes high levels of harmonic distortion the power values will be
affected. By calculating power factor from the power values, the power factor will
include the impact of harmonic distortion. In many cases this is the preferred method
of calculation because the entire impact of the actual voltage and current are
included.
A second type of power factor is Displacement Power Factor. Displacement PF is based
on the angular relationship between the voltage and current. Displacement power factor does not consider the magnitudes of voltage, current or power. It is solely based
on the phase angle differences. As a result, it does not include the impact of harmonic
distortion. Displacement power factor is calculated using the following equation:
Displacement PF = cos T
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where T is the angle between the voltage and the current (see Fig. 1.9).
In applications where the voltage and current are not distorted, the Total Power Factor
will equal the Displacement Power Factor. But if harmonic distortion is present, the
two power factors will not be equal.
1.4: Harmonic Distortion
Harmonic distortion is primarily the result of high concentrations of non-linear loads.
Devices such as computer power supplies, variable speed drives and fluorescent light
ballasts make current demands that do not match the sinusoidal waveform of AC
electricity. As a result, the current waveform feeding these loads is periodic but not
sinusoidal. Figure 1.10 shows a normal, sinusoidal current waveform. This example
has no distortion.
1000
0
Amps
500
Time
– 500
– 1000
Figure 1.10: Nondistorted Current Waveform
Figure 1.11 shows a current waveform with a slight amount of harmonic distortion.
The waveform is still periodic and is fluctuating at the normal 60 Hz frequency.
However, the waveform is not a smooth sinusoidal form as seen in Figure 1.10.
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1500
Current (amps)
1000
500
t
0
a
2a
–500
–1000
–1500
Figure 1.11: Distorted Current Waveform
The distortion observed in Figure 1.11 can be modeled as the sum of several sinusoidal waveforms of frequencies that are multiples of the fundamental 60 Hz frequency.
This modeling is performed by mathematically disassembling the distorted waveform
into a collection of higher frequency waveforms.
These higher frequency waveforms are referred to as harmonics. Figure 1.12 shows
the content of the harmonic frequencies that make up the distortion portion of the
waveform in Figure 1.11.
1000
0
Amps
500
Time
3rd harmonic
– 500
5th harmonic
7th harmonic
Total
fundamental
Figure 1.12: Waveforms of the Harmonics
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The waveforms shown in Figure 1.12 are not smoothed but do provide an indication of
the impact of combining multiple harmonic frequencies together.
When harmonics are present it is important to remember that these quantities are
operating at higher frequencies. Therefore, they do not always respond in the same
manner as 60 Hz values.
Inductive and capacitive impedance are present in all power systems. We are accustomed to thinking about these impedances as they perform at 60 Hz. However, these
impedances are subject to frequency variation.
XL = jZL
and
XC = 1/jZC
At 60 Hz, Z = 377; but at 300 Hz (5th harmonic) Z = 1,885. As frequency changes
impedance changes and system impedance characteristics that are normal at 60 Hz
may behave entirely differently in the presence of higher order harmonic waveforms.
Traditionally, the most common harmonics have been the low order, odd frequencies,
such as the 3rd, 5th, 7th, and 9th. However newer, non-linear loads are introducing
significant quantities of higher order harmonics.
Since much voltage monitoring and almost all current monitoring is performed using
instrument transformers, the higher order harmonics are often not visible. Instrument
transformers are designed to pass 60 Hz quantities with high accuracy. These devices,
when designed for accuracy at low frequency, do not pass high frequencies with high
accuracy; at frequencies above about 1200 Hz they pass almost no information. So
when instrument transformers are used, they effectively filter out higher frequency
harmonic distortion making it impossible to see.
However, when monitors can be connected directly to the measured circuit (such as
direct connection to a 480 volt bus) the user may often see higher order harmonic
distortion. An important rule in any harmonics study is to evaluate the type of equipment and connections before drawing a conclusion. Not being able to see harmonic
distortion is not the same as not having harmonic distortion.
It is common in advanced meters to perform a function commonly referred to as
waveform capture. Waveform capture is the ability of a meter to capture a present
picture of the voltage or current waveform for viewing and harmonic analysis.
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Typically a waveform capture will be one or two cycles in duration and can be viewed
as the actual waveform, as a spectral view of the harmonic content, or a tabular view
showing the magnitude and phase shift of each harmonic value. Data collected with
waveform capture is typically not saved to memory. Waveform capture is a real-time
data collection event.
Waveform capture should not be confused with waveform recording that is used to
record multiple cycles of all voltage and current waveforms in response to a transient
condition.
1.5: Power Quality
Power quality can mean several different things. The terms "power quality" and
"power quality problem" have been applied to all types of conditions. A simple definition of "power quality problem" is any voltage, current or frequency deviation that
results in mis-operation or failure of customer equipment or systems. The causes of
power quality problems vary widely and may originate in the customer equipment, in
an adjacent customer facility or with the utility.
In his book Power Quality Primer, Barry Kennedy provided information on different
types of power quality problems. Some of that information is summarized in Table
1.3.
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Cause
Disturbance Type
Source
Impulse transient
Transient voltage disturbance,
sub-cycle duration
Lightning
Electrostatic discharge
Load switching
Capacitor switching
Oscillatory
transient with decay
Transient voltage, sub-cycle
duration
Line/cable switching
Capacitor switching
Load switching
Sag/swell
RMS voltage, multiple cycle
duration
Remote system faults
Interruptions
RMS voltage, multiple
seconds or longer duration
System protection
Circuit breakers
Fuses
Maintenance
Under voltage/over voltage
RMS voltage, steady state,
multiple seconds or longer
duration
Motor starting
Load variations
Load dropping
Voltage flicker
RMS voltage, steady state,
repetitive condition
Intermittent loads
Motor starting
Arc furnaces
Harmonic distortion
Steady state current or voltage, long-term duration
Non-linear loads
System resonance
Table 1.3: Typical Power Quality Problems and Sources
It is often assumed that power quality problems originate with the utility. While it is
true that many power quality problems can originate with the utility system, many
problems originate with customer equipment. Customer-caused problems may manifest themselves inside the customer location or they may be transported by the utility
system to another adjacent customer. Often, equipment that is sensitive to power
quality problems may in fact also be the cause of the problem.
If a power quality problem is suspected, it is generally wise to consult a power quality
professional for assistance in defining the cause and possible solutions to the
problem.
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2: Meter Overview and Specifications
2.1: Shark® 200 Meter Overview
The Shark® 200 meter is a multifunction, data
logging, power and energy meter with waveform
recording capability, designed for use with and/or
within Industrial Control Panels in electrical substations, panel boards, as a power meter for OEM
equipment, and as a primary revenue meter, due
to its high performance measurement capability.
The unit provides multifunction measurement of all
electrical parameters and makes the data available
in multiple formats via display, communication
systems, and analog retransmits. The unit also has
Figure 2.1: Shark® 200 meter
data logging and load profiling to provide historical data analysis, and waveform
recording that allows for enhanced power quality analysis.
The Shark® 200 meter offers extensive memory for logging and recording. The unit
provides you with up to seven logs: three historical logs, a log of limit alarms, a log of
I/O changes, a waveform log, and a sequence of events log. (See NOTE on Flash
memory on page 2-6.)
The purposes of these features include historical load profiling, voltage analysis, and
recording power factor distribution. The Shark® 200 meter’s real-time clock allows all
events to be time stamped.
Optional 10/100BaseT Ethernet capability is available for the meter with the INP100S
or INP300S Ethernet cards. When equipped with the INP100S card, the meter’s realtime clock can be synchronized with an outside Network Time Protocol (NTP) server
(see the Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User Manual for
instructions on using this feature.) The INP300S provides an IEC 61850 Protocol
server for substation automation. A Shark® 200 meter with an Ethernet card also
becomes a Web server. Additionally, the user can configure the Ethernet card to send
emails on programmed alarms and/or to send notification emails of selected data on a
set schedule. See Chapter 8: Using the Ethernet Card (INP100S) on page 8-1, for
more information on this feature.
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The Shark® 200 meter’s IEC 61850 has been KEMA certified and allows it to be
seamlessly integrated into an IEC 61850 network. For detailed information on this
option, see Appendix E: Using the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network Card
(INP300S) on page E-1.
The Shark® 200 meter is designed with advanced measurement capabilities, allowing
it to achieve high performance accuracy. It is specified as a 0.2% class energy meter
for billing applications as well as a highly accurate panel indication meter. It supplies
0.001 Hz Frequency measurement which meets generating stations’ requirements.
The Shark® 200 meter provides additional capabilities, including standard RS485,
Modbus® and DNP 3.0 protocol support, an IrDA port for remote interrogation, and
Option cards that can be added at any time.
UL 61010-1 does not address performance criteria for revenue generating watt-hour
meters for use in metering of utilities and/or communicating directly with utilities, or
use within a substation. Use in revenue metering, communicating with utilities, and
use in substations was verified according to the ANSI and IEC standards listed in
Compliance Section (2.3).
Features of the Shark® 200 meter include:
• 0.2% Class revenue certifiable energy and demand metering
• Meets ANSI C12.20 (0.2%) and IEC 62053-22 (0.2%) classes
• Multifunction measurement including voltage, current, power, frequency, energy,
etc.
• Optional secondary Voltage display (see Chapter 8 in the Communicator EXTTM 4.0
and MeterManager EXT Software User Manual for instructions on setting up this
feature*)
• Power quality measurements (%THD and Alarm Limits) - for meters with
V-Switch™ keys 3-6, symmetrical components, Voltage unbalance, and current
unbalance are also available and can be used with the Limits functionality (see
Chapter 8 in the Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User
Manual for instructions on using this feature*)
• V-Switch™ Key technology - field upgradeable without removing installed meter
• Percentage of Load bar for analog meter reading
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• 0.001% Frequency measurement for Generating stations
• Interval energy logging
• Line frequency time synchronization
• Easy to use faceplate programming
• IrDA port for laptop PC remote read
• RS485 communication
• Optional I/O Cards (including 10/100BaseT
Figure 2.2: Shark® 200 Transducer
Ethernet) - field upgradeable without removing installed meter; Relay control
though DNP over Ethernet is enabled with the Ethernet Option card
• Sampling rate of up to 512 samples per cycle for waveform recording
• Transformer/Line Loss compensation (see Chapter 8 and Appendix A in the Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User Manual for instructions
on using this feature*)
• CT/PT compensation (see Chapter 8 in the Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User Manual for instructions on using this feature*)
* Access the Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User
Manual from the Shark® Series Product CD or by clicking Help>Contents from
the Communicator EXTTM Main screen.
In addition to the Shark® 200 meter/transducer configuration, a Shark® 200T transducer configuration is available. The Shark® 200T transducer is a digital transducer
only unit, providing RS485 communication via Modbus RTU, Modbus ASCII or DNP 3.0
protocols. The unit is designed to install using DIN Rail mounting (see 3.4: Transducer
Installation on page 3-6, for Shark® 200T transducer mounting information).
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2.1.1: Voltage and Current Inputs
Universal Voltage Inputs
Voltage inputs allow measurement up to Nominal 576VAC (Phase to Reference) and
721VAC (Phase to Phase). The unit will perform to specification when directly
connected to 69 Volt, 120 Volt, 230 Volt, 277 Volt, and 347 Volt power systems.
NOTE: Higher Voltages require the use of potential transformers (PTs).
Current Inputs
The unit supports a 5 Amp or a 1 Amp secondary for current measurements.
NOTE: The secondary current must be specified and ordered with the meter.
The current inputs are only to be connected to external current transformers.
The Shark® 200 meter’s current inputs use a unique dual input method:
Method 1: CT Pass Through:
The CT wire passes directly through the meter without any physical termination on
the meter. This is preferable for utility users when sharing relay class CTs.
Method 2: Current “Gills”:
This unit additionally provides ultra-rugged termination pass through bars that allow
CT leads to be terminated on the meter. This, too, eliminates any possible point of
failure at the meter. This is a preferred technique for insuring that relay class CT
integrity is not compromised (the CT will not open in a fault condition).
2.1.2: Ordering Information
Shark200 - 60 - 10- V2- D -INP100S - X
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1. Model:
Shark® 200 Meter/Transducer
Shark® 200T Transducer (no display)
2. Frequency:
50: 50 Hz System
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60: 60 Hz System
3. Current Input:
10: 5 Amp Secondary
2: 1 Amp Secondary
4. V-SwitchTM Key Pack:
V1: Multifunction meter only
V2: Above, with 2 MegaBytes data logging memory
V3: Above, with %THD
V4: Above, with limit and control functions
V5: Above, with 3 MegaBytes data logging memory and 64 samples per cycle
waveform recorder
V6: Above, with 4 MegaBytes data logging memory and 512 samples per cycle
waveform recorder
See 2.1.3: V-SwitchTM Key Technology on page 2-7, for more information and
instructions on obtaining a V-SwitchTM key.
5. Power Supply:
D2 Option: Universal, (90 to 265) VAC @50/60Hz or (100 to 370) VDC
D Option: (18-60) VDC
6 and 7. I/O Slots 1 and 2 (see Chapter 7: Using the I/O Option Cards on page 7-1,
for I/O Card Specifications):
X: None
INP100S: 10/100BaseT Ethernet
RO1S: 2 Relay outputs/2 Status inputs
PO1S: 4 Pulse outputs/4 Status inputs
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1mAOS: 4 Channel Analog output 0-1 (bidirectional)
20mAOS: 4 Channel Analog output 4-20mA
FOSTS: Fiber Optic Output ST terminated
FOVPS: Fiber Optic Output Versatile Link terminated
INP300S: IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network
Example:
Shark200-60-10-V2-D-INP100S-X
(Shark® 200 meter with 60 Hz System, 5 Amp Secondary, V-2 V-SwitchTM key, 18-60
VDC power supply, 10/100BaseT Ethernet in Card Slot 1 and no card in Card Slot 2)
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2.1.3: V-SwitchTM Key Technology
The Shark® 200 meter is equipped with V-SwitchTM key technology, a virtual
firmware-based switch that lets you enable meter features through software
communication. V-SwitchTM key technology allows meter upgrades after installation
without removal from service.
Available V-SwitchTM key upgrades are as follows:
• V-Switch™ key 1 (V-1): Multifunction measurement
• V-Switch™ key 2 (V-2): Multifunction measurement and 2 MegaBytes* for data
logging
• V-Switch™ key 3 (V-3): Multifunction measurement with harmonics and 2 MegaBytes* for data logging
• V-Switch™ key 4 (V-4): Multifunction measurement with harmonics, 2 MegaBytes*
for data logging, and limit and control functions
• V-Switch™ key 5 (V-5): Multifunction measurement with harmonics, 3 MegaBytes*
for data logging, limit and control functions, and 64 samples per cycle waveform
recorder
• V-Switch™ key 6 (V-6): Multifunction measurement with harmonics, 4 MegaBytes*
for data logging, limit and control functions, and 512 samples per cycle waveform
recorder
*Because the memory is flash-based rather than NVRAM (non-volatile random-access
memory), some sectors are reserved for overhead, erase procedures, and spare sectors for long-term wear reduction.
Obtaining a V-SwitchTM Key:
Contact EIG’s inside sales staff at [email protected] or by calling (516) 334-0870
(USA) and provide the following information:
1. Serial number(s) of the meter(s) you are upgrading. Use the number(s), with leading zeros, shown in the Communicator EXTTM Device Status screen (from the
Communicator EXTTM Main screen, click Tools>Device Status).
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2. Desired V-SwitchTM key.
3. Credit card or Purchase Order number. EIG will issue you the V-SwitchTM key.
Enabling the V-SwitchTM Key:
1. Open Communicator EXTTM software.
2. Power up your meter.
3. Connect to the Shark® 200 meter through Communicator EXTTM software (see
Chapter 5: Communication Installation on page 5-1).
4. Click Tools>Change V-Switch from the Title Bar. A screen opens, requesting the
encrypted key.
5. Enter the V-SwitchTM key provided by EIG.
6. Click the Update button. The V-SwitchTM key is enabled and the meter resets.
NOTE: For more details on software configuration, refer to the Communicator EXTTM
4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User Manual.
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2.1.4: Measured Values
The Shark® 200 meter provides the following measured values all in real time
instantaneous. As the table below shows, some values are also available in average,
maximum and minimum.
Table 1:
Measured Values
Instantaneous
Avg
Max
Min
Voltage L-N
X
X
X
Voltage L-L
X
X
X
Current per Phase
X
X
X
X
Current Neutral
X
X
X
X
WATT(A,B,C,Tot.)
X
X
X
X
VAR (A,B,C,Tot.)
X
X
X
X
VA (A,B,C,Tot.)
X
X
X
X
PF (A,B,C,Tot.)
X
X
X
X
+Watt-Hour (A,B,C,Tot.)
X
-Watt-Hour (A,B,C,Tot.)
X
Watt-Hour Net
X
+VAR-Hour (A,B,C,Tot.)
X
-VAR-Hour (A,B,C,Tot.)
X
VAR-Hour Net (A,B,C,Tot.)
X
VA-Hour (A,B,C,Tot.)
X
Frequency
X
X
X
Harmonics to the 40th
Order
X
%THD
X
X
X
Voltage Angles
X
Current Angles
X
% of Load Bar
X
Waveform Scope
X
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2: Meter Overview and Specifications
2.1.5: Utility Peak Demand
The Shark® 200 meter provides user-configured Block (Fixed) window or Rolling
window Demand modes. This feature lets you set up a customized Demand profile.
Block window Demand mode records the average demand for time intervals you
define (usually 5, 15 or 30 minutes). Rolling window Demand mode functions like
multiple, overlapping Block windows. You define the subintervals at which an average
of Demand is calculated. An example of Rolling window Demand mode would be a 15minute Demand block using 5-minute subintervals, thus providing a new Demand
reading every 5 minutes, based on the last 15 minutes.
Utility Demand features can be used to calculate Watt, VAR, VA and PF readings.
Voltage provides an instantaneous Max and Min reading which displays the highest
surge and lowest sag seen by the meter. All other parameters offer Max and Min
capability over the user-selectable averaging period.
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2: Meter Overview and Specifications
2.2: Specifications
Power Supply
Range:
D2 Option: Universal, (90 to 265)
VAC @50/60Hz or (100 to 370)VDC
D Option: (18-60) VDC
Power Consumption:
(5 to 10)VA, (3.5 to 7)W depending on the meter’s hardware
configuration
Voltage Inputs
(For Accuracy specifications, see 2.4: Accuracy on page 2-17.)
Absolute Maximum Range:
Universal, Auto-ranging:
Phase to Reference (Va, Vb, Vc to
Vref): (20 to 576)VAC
Phase to Phase (Va to Vb, Vb to Vc,
Vc to Va): (0 to 721)VAC
Supported hookups:
3 Element Wye, 2.5 Element Wye,
2 Element Delta, 4 Wire Delta
Input Impedance:
1M Ohm/Phase
Burden:
0.36VA/Phase Max at 600 Volts;
0.014VA at 120 Volts
Pickup Voltage:
20VAC
Connection:
7 Pin 0.400” Pluggable Terminal
Block
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2: Meter Overview and Specifications
AWG#12 -26/ (0.129 -3.31) mm2
Fault Withstand:
Meets IEEE C37.90.1
Reading:
Programmable Full Scale to any PT
ratio
Current Inputs
(For Accuracy specifications, see 2.4: Accuracy on page 2-17.)
Class 10:
5A Nominal, 10A Maximum
Class 2:
1A Nominal, 2A Maximum
Burden:
0.005VA Per Phase Max at 11 Amps
Pickup Current:
0.1% of Nominal (0.2% of Nominal
if using Current Only mode, that is,
there is no connection to the
Voltage inputs)
Connections:
O Lug or U Lug electrical connection (Figure 4.1)
Pass through wire, 0.177” / 4.5mm
maximum diameter (Figure 4.2)
Quick connect, 0.25” male tab
(Figure 4.3)
Fault Withstand (at 23o C):
100A/10sec., 300A/3sec.,
500A/1sec.
Reading:
Programmable Full Scale to any CT
ratio
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2: Meter Overview and Specifications
Continuous Current Withstand:
20 Amps for screw terminated or
pass through connections
KYZ/RS485 Port Specifications
RS485 Transceiver; meets or exceeds EIA/TIA-485 Standard
Type:
Two-wire, half duplex
Min. input Impedance:
96kΩ
Max. output current:
±60mA
Wh Pulse
KYZ output contacts, and infrared LED light pulses through face plate (see 6.4: Performing Watt-Hour Accuracy Testing (Verification) on page 6-17, for Kh values):
Pulse Width:
90ms
Full Scale Frequency:
~3Hz
Contact type:
Solid state – SPDT (NO – C – NC)
Relay type:
Solid state
Peak switching voltage:
DC ±350V
Continuous load current:
120mA
Peak load current:
350mA for 10ms
On resistance, max.:
35Ω
Leakage current:
1µ[email protected]
Isolation:
AC 3750V
Reset state:
(NC - C) Closed; (NO - C) Open
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2: Meter Overview and Specifications
Infrared LED:
Peak Spectral wavelength:
940nm
Reset state:
Off
Internal schematic:
NC
C
NO
(De-energized state)
Output timing:
T [s]
ª Watthour
3600 ˜ Kh «
¬ pulse
P [ Watt ]
º
»
¼
P[Watt] - Not a scaled value
Kh – See Section 6-4 for values
IR LED Light Pulses
Through face plate
90ms
LED
OFF
90ms
LED
ON
LED
OFF
LED
OFF
LED
ON
KYZ output
Contact States
Through Backplate
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
C
C
C
C
C
NO
NO
NO
NO
NO
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2: Meter Overview and Specifications
Isolation
All Inputs and Outputs are galvanically isolated to 2500 VAC
Environmental Rating
Storage:
(-20 to +70)o C
Operating:
(-20 to +70)o C
Humidity:
to 95% RH Non-condensing
Faceplate Rating:
NEMA 1; mounting gasket included
Measurement Methods
Voltage, current:
True RMS
Power:
Sampling at over 400 samples per
cycle on all channels
Update Rate
Watts, VAR and VA:
Every 6 cycles (e.g., 100ms @ 60
Hz)
All other parameters:
Every 60 cycles (e.g., 1 s @ 60 Hz)
1 second for Current Only measurement, if reference Voltage is not
available
Communication
Standard:
1. RS485 port through backplate
2. IrDA port through faceplate
3. Energy pulse output through backplate and Infrared LED through faceplate
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2: Meter Overview and Specifications
Optional, through I/O card slots:
1. INP100S - 10/100BaseT Ethernet card: supports 12 simultaneous sockets of
Modbus® TCP/IP and 5 simultaneous sockets of DNP 3.0 over Ethernet.
2. FOSTS - Fiber Optic output ST terminated card
3. FOVPS - Fiber Optic output Versatile Link terminated card
Protocols:
Modbus RTU, Modbus ASCII, DNP
3.0
Com Port Baud Rate:
RS485 Only: 1200, 2400, 4800*;
All Com Ports: 9600 to 57600 bps
Com Port Address:
001-247; DNP ONLY - 001 - 65520
Data Format:
8 Bit, No Parity (RS485: also Even
or Odd Parity*)
Shark® 200T transducer
Default Initial communication baud
rate 9600 (see Chapter 5)
Mechanical Parameters
Dimensions: see Chapter 3.
Weight (without Option card):
2 pounds/ 0.9kg (ships in a 6”
/15.24cm cube container)
*With Runtime Firmware Version 26 or higher
2.3: Compliance
• Certified to UL 61010-1 and CSA C22.2 No. 61010-1, UL File: E250818
• CE (EN61326-1, FCC Part 15, Subpart B, Class A)
• IEC 62053-22 (0.2% Class)
• ANSI C12.20 (0.2% Accuracy)
• ANSI (IEEE) C37.90.1 Surge Withstand
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2: Meter Overview and Specifications
• ANSI C62.41 (Burst)
• EN61000-6-2 Immunity for Industrial Environments: 2005
• EN61000-6-4 Emission Standards for Industrial Environments: 2007
• EN61326 EMC Requirements: 2006
• KEMA Certified IEC 61850
2.4: Accuracy
(For full Range specifications see 2.2: Specifications on page 2-11.)
Max. +/-2 seconds per day at 25o C
Shark 200 Clock Accuracy:
For 23o C, 3 Phase balanced Wye or Delta load, at 50 or 60 Hz (as per order), 5A
(Class 10) nominal unit, accuracy as follows:
Table 2:
Parameter
Accuracy
Accuracy Input Range1
Voltage L-N [V]
0.1% of reading
(69 to 480)V
Voltage L-L [V]
0.2% of reading 2
(120 to 600)V
Current Phase [A]
0.1% of reading 1, 3
(0.15 to 5) A
Current Neutral (calculated) [A]
2% of Full Scale 1
(0.15 to 5) A @ (45 to 65)
Hz
Active Power Total [W]
0.2% of reading 1, 2
(0.15 to 5) A @ (69 to
480) V @ +/- (0.5 to 1)
lag/lead PF
Active Energy Total [Wh]
0.2% of reading 1, 2
(0.15 to 5) A @ (69 to
480) V @ +/- (0.5 to 1)
lag/lead PF
Reactive Power Total
[VAR]
0.2% of reading 1, 2
(0.15 to 5) A @ (69 to
480) V @ +/- (0 to 0.8)
lag/lead PF
Reactive Energy Total
[VARh]
0.2% of reading 1, 2
(0.15 to 5) A @ (69 to
480) V @ +/- (0 to 0.8)
lag/lead PF
Apparent Power Total [VA]
0.2% of reading 1, 2
(0.15 to 5) A @ (69 to
480) V @ +/- (0.5 to 1)
lag/lead PF
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2: Meter Overview and Specifications
Table 2:
Parameter
Accuracy
Accuracy Input Range1
Apparent Energy Total
[VAh]
0.2% of reading 1, 2
(0.15 to 5) A @ (69 to
480) V @ +/- (0.5 to 1)
lag/lead PF
Power Factor
0.2% of reading 1, 2
(0.15 to 5) A @ (69 to
480) V @ +/- (0.5 to 1)
lag/lead PF
Frequency [Hz]
+/- 0.007 Hz
(45 to 65) Hz
Total Harmonic Distortion
[%]
+/- 2% 1, 4
(0.5 to 10)A or (69 to
480)V, measurement
range (1 to 99.99)%
Load Bar
+/- 1 segment1
(0.005 to 6) A
1
• For 2.5 element programmed units, degrade accuracy by an additional 0.5% of
reading.
• For 1A (Class 2) Nominal, degrade accuracy to 0.5% of reading for watts and
energy; all other values 2 times rated accuracy.
• For 1A (Class 2) Nominal, the input current range for accuracy specification is
20% of the values listed in the table.
2
For unbalanced Voltage inputs where at least one crosses the 150V auto-scale
threshold (for example, 120V/120V/208V system), degrade the accuracy to 0.4%
of reading.
3
With reference Voltage applied (VA, VB, or VC). Otherwise, degrade accuracy to
0.2%. See hookup diagrams 8, 9, and 10 in 4.8: Electrical Connection Diagrams
on page 4-8.
4
At least one Voltage input (minimum 20 VAC) must be connected for THD
measurement on current channels.
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3: Mechanical Installation
3: Mechanical Installation
3.1: Introduction
The Shark® 200 meter can be installed using a standard ANSI C39.1 (4” round) or an
IEC 92mm DIN (square) form. In new installations, simply use existing DIN or ANSI
punches. For existing panels, pull out old analog meters and replace them with the
Shark® 200 meter. See Section 3.4 for Shark® 200T transducer installation. See
Chapter 4 for wiring diagrams.
NOTE: The drawings shown below and on the next page give you the meter dimensions in inches and centimeters [cm shown in brackets]. Tolerance is +/- 0.1” [.25
cm].
0.06 [0.15] Gasket
4.85 [12.32]
4.85 [12.32]
5.02 [12.75]
0.95 [2.41]
3.25 [8.26]
0.77 [1.95]
Figure 3.1: Meter Front and Side Dimensions
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3: Mechanical Installation
4.85 [12.32]
0.91 [2.31]
0.77 [1.95]
3.25 [8.26]
Figure 3.2: Shark® 200T Dimensions
3.56 [9.04]
3.56 [9.04]
Figure 3.3: Meter Back Dimensions
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3: Mechanical Installation
3Q
CM
8v
CM
v
Figure 3.4: ANSI and DIN Cutout Dimensions
Recommended Tools for Shark® 200 Meter Installation:
• #2 Phillips screwdriver
• Small adjustable wrench
• Wire cutters
The Shark® 200 meter is designed to withstand harsh environmental conditions;
however it is recommended you install it in a dry location, free from dirt and corrosive
substances (see Environmental specifications in Chapter 2).
3.2: ANSI Installation Steps
1. Slide meter with Mounting Gasket into panel.
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3: Mechanical Installation
2. Secure from back of panel with flat washer, lock washer and nut on each threaded
rod. Use a small wrench to tighten. Do not overtighten. The maximum installation
torque is 0.4 Newton-Meter.
ANSI Installation
4.0” Round form
ANSI Studs
Figure 3.5: ANSI Installation
3.3: DIN Installation Steps
1. Slide meter with NEMA 12 Mounting Gasket into panel (remove ANSI Studs, if in
place).
2. From back of panel, slide 2 DIN Mounting Brackets into grooves in top and bottom
of meter housing. Snap into place.
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3: Mechanical Installation
3. Secure meter to panel by using a #2 Phillips screwdriver to tighten the screw on
each of the two mounting brackets. Do not overtighten: the maximum installation
torque is 0.4 Newton-Meter.
DIN Installation
DIN Mounting brackets
Top mounting
bracket groove
92mm Square
form
Remove (unscrew) ANSI studs
for DIN installation
Bottom
mounting
bracket groove
DIN mounting
bracket
Figure 3.6: DIN Installation
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3: Mechanical Installation
3.4: Transducer Installation
Use DIN Rail mounting to install the Shark® 200T transducer.
Specs for DIN Rail Mounting
International Standards DIN 46277/3
DIN Rail (Slotted) Dimensions
0.297244” x 1.377953” x 3” /.755cm x 3.5cm x 7.62cm
1. Slide top groove of meter onto the DIN Rail.
2. Press gently until the meter clicks into place.
NOTES:
• To remove the meter from the DIN Rail, pull down on the Release Clip to detach the
unit from the rail (see Figure 3.7).
• If mounting with the DIN Rail provided, use the black rubber stoppers, also
provided (see Figure 3.8).
NOTE ON DIN RAILS: DIN Rails are commonly used as a mounting channel for most
terminal blocks, control devices, circuit protection devices and PLCs. DIN Rails are
made of electrolytically plated cold rolled steel and are also available in aluminum,
PVC, stainless steel and copper.
Release Clip
Figure 3.7: Transducer on DIN Rail
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3: Mechanical Installation
Black Rubber Stoppers
(2)
Release Clip
Figure 3.8: DIN Rail Detail
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4: Electrical Installation
4: Electrical Installation
4.1: Considerations When Installing Meters
Installation of the Shark® 200 meter must be performed only by
qualified personnel who follow standard safety precautions during all
procedures. Those personnel should have appropriate training and
experience with high Voltage devices. Appropriate safety gloves,
safety glasses and protective clothing is recommended.
During normal operation of the Shark® 200 meter, dangerous Voltages flow through
many parts of the meter, including: Terminals and any connected CTs (Current Transformers) and PTs (Potential Transformers), all I/O Modules (Inputs and Outputs) and
their circuits.
All Primary and Secondary circuits can, at times, produce lethal Voltages and
currents. Avoid contact with any current-carrying surfaces.
Do not use the meter or any I/O Output device for primary protection or in
an energy-limiting capacity. The meter can only be used as secondary
protection.
Do not use the meter for applications where failure of the meter may cause harm or
death.
Do not use the meter for any application where there may be a risk of fire.
All meter terminals should be inaccessible after installation.
Do not apply more than the maximum Voltage the meter or any attached device can
withstand. Refer to meter and/or device labels and to the specifications for all devices
before applying voltages. Do not HIPOT/Dielectric test any Outputs, Inputs or Communications terminals.
EIG requires the use of Fuses for Voltage leads and power supply and shorting blocks
to prevent hazardous Voltage conditions or damage to CTs, if the meter needs to be
removed from service. CT grounding is optional, but recommended.
NOTE: The current inputs are only to be connected to external current transformers
provided by the installer. The CTs shall be Approved or Certified and rated for the
current of the meter used.
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4: Electrical Installation
L'installation des compteurs de Shark® 200 doit être effectuée
seulement par un personnel qualifié qui suit les normes relatives aux
précautions de sécurité pendant toute la procédure. Le personnel
doit avoir la formation appropriée et l'expérience avec les appareils
de haute tension. Des gants de sécurité, des verres et des vêtements de protection appropriés sont recommandés.
AVERTISSEMENT! Pendant le fonctionnement normal du compteur Shark® 200 des
tensions dangereuses suivant de nombreuses pièces, notamment, les bornes et tous
les transformateurs de courant branchés, les transformateurs de tension, toutes les
sorties, les entrées et leurs circuits. Tous les circuits secondaires et primaires
peuvent parfois produire des tensions de létal et des courants. Évitez le contact avec les surfaces sous tensions. Avant de faire un travail dans le compteur, assurez-vous d'éteindre l'alimentation et de mettre tous les circuits
branchés hors tension.
Ne pas utiliser les compteurs ou sorties d'appareil pour une protection primaire ou capacité de limite d'énergie. Le compteur peut seulement être utilisé comme une protection secondaire.
Ne pas utiliser le compteur pour application dans laquelle une panne de compteur
peut causer la mort ou des blessures graves.
Ne pas utiliser le compteur ou pour toute application dans laquelle un risque
d'incendie est susceptible.
Toutes les bornes de compteur doivent être inaccessibles après l'installation.
Ne pas appliquer plus que la tension maximale que le compteur ou appareil relatif
peut résister. Référez-vous au compteur ou aux étiquettes de l'appareil et les spécifications de tous les appareils avant d'appliquer les tensions. Ne pas faire de test
HIPOT/diélectrique, une sortie, une entrée ou un terminal de réseau.
Les entrées actuelles doivent seulement être branchées aux transformateurs externes
actuels.
EIG nécessite l'utilisation de les fusibles pour les fils de tension et alimentations électriques, ainsi que des coupe-circuits pour prévenir les tensions dangereuses ou
endommagements de transformateur de courant si l'unité Shark® 200 doit être
enlevée du service. Un côté du transformateur de courant doit être mis à terre.
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4: Electrical Installation
NOTE: les entrées actuelles doivent seulement être branchées dans le transformateur
externe actuel par l'installateur. Le transformateur de courant doit être approuvé ou
certifié et déterminé pour le compteur actuel utilisé.
IMPORTANT!
IF THE EQUIPMENT IS USED IN A MANNER NOT SPECIFIED
BY THE MANUFACTURER, THE PROTECTION PROVIDED BY
THE EQUIPMENT MAY BE IMPAIRED.
• THERE IS NO REQUIRED PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE OR INSPECTION NECESSARY FOR SAFETY. HOWEVER, ANY REPAIR OR MAINTENANCE SHOULD BE PERFORMED BY THE FACTORY.
DISCONNECT DEVICE: The following part is considered the equipment disconnect device. A SWITCH OR CIRCUIT-BREAKER SHALL BE
INCLUDED IN THE END-USE EQUIPMENT OR BUILDING INSTALLATION. THE SWITCH SHALL BE IN CLOSE PROXIMITY TO THE EQUIPMENT AND WITHIN EASY REACH OF THE OPERATOR. THE SWITCH
SHALL BE MARKED AS THE DISCONNECTING DEVICE FOR THE
EQUIPMENT.
IMPORTANT! SI L'ÉQUIPEMENT EST UTILISÉ D'UNE FAÇON
NON SPÉCIFIÉE PAR LE FABRICANT, LA PROTECTION
FOURNIE PAR L'ÉQUIPEMENT PEUT ÊTRE ENDOMMAGÉE.
NOTE: Il N'Y A AUCUNE MAINTENANCE REQUISE POUR LA PRÉVENTION OU INSPECTION NÉCESSAIRE POUR LA SÉCURITÉ. CEPENDANT, TOUTE RÉPARATION OU MAINTENANCE DEVRAIT ÊTRE RÉALISÉE PAR LE FABRICANT.
DÉBRANCHEMENT DE L'APPAREIL : la partie suivante est considérée l'appareil de débranchement de l'équipement.
UN INTERRUPTEUR OU UN DISJONCTEUR DEVRAIT ÊTRE INCLUS
DANS L'UTILISATION FINALE DE L'ÉQUIPEMENT OU L'INSTALLATION.
L'INTERRUPTEUR DOIT ÊTRE DANS UNE PROXIMITÉ PROCHE DE
L'ÉQUIPEMENT ET A LA PORTÉE DE L'OPÉRATEUR. L'INTERRUPTEUR DOIT AVOIR LA
MENTION DÉBRANCHEMENT DE L'APPAREIL POUR L'ÉQUIPEMENT.
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4: Electrical Installation
4.2: CT Leads Terminated to Meter
The Shark® 200 meter is designed to have current inputs wired in one of three ways.
Figure 4.1 shows the most typical connection where CT Leads are terminated to the
meter at the current gills. This connection uses nickel-plated brass studs (current
gills) with screws at each end. This connection allows the CT wires to be terminated
using either an “O” or a “U” lug. Tighten the screws with a #2 Phillips screwdriver. The
maximum installation torque is 1 Newton-Meter.
Other current connections are shown in figures 4.2 and 4.3. Voltage and RS485/KYZ
connections are shown in Figure 4.4.
$VSSFOUHJMMT
OJDLFMQMBUFE
CSBTTTUVET
Figure 4.1: CT Leads Terminated to Meter, #8 Screw for Lug Connection
Wiring Diagrams are shown in Section 4.8 of this chapter.
Communications connections are detailed in Chapter 5.
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4: Electrical Installation
4.3: CT Leads Pass Through (No Meter Termination)
The second method allows the CT wires to pass through the CT inputs without terminating at the meter. In this case, remove the current gills and place the CT wire
directly through the CT opening. The opening accommodates up to 0.177” / 4.5mm
maximum diameter CT wire.
$5XJSFQBTTJOH
UISPVHINFUFS
$VSSFOUHJMMT
SFNPWFE
Figure 4.2: Pass Through Wire Electrical Connection
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4: Electrical Installation
4.4: Quick Connect Crimp-on Terminations
For quick termination or for portable applications, 0.25” quick connect crimp-on
connectors can also be used
Quick connect
crimp-on
terminations
Figure 4.3: Quick Connect Electrical Connection
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4: Electrical Installation
4.5: Voltage and Power Supply Connections
Voltage inputs are connected to the back of the unit via optional wire connectors. The
connectors accommodate AWG# 12 -26/ (0.129 - 3.31)mm2.
34PVUQVU
%0/05QVU
7PMUBHFPO
UIFTF
UFSNJOBMT
QPXFS
TVQQMZ
JOQVUT
,:;
7PMUBHF
JOQVUT
Figure 4.4: Meter Connections
4.6: Ground Connections
The meter’s Ground terminals should be connected directly to the installation’s
protective earth ground. Use AWG# 12/2.5 mm2 wire for this connection.
4.7: Voltage Fuses
EIG requires the use of fuses on each of the sense voltages and on the control power.
• Use a 0.1 Amp fuse on each voltage input.
• Use a 3 Amp Slow Blow fuse on the power supply.
EIG offers the EI-CP Panel meter protective fuse kit, which can be ordered from EIG’s
webstore: www.electroind.com/store. Select Fuse Kits from the list on the left side of
the webpage.
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4: Electrical Installation
4.8: Electrical Connection Diagrams
The following pages contain electrical connection diagrams for the Shark® 200 meter.
Choose the diagram that best suits your application. Be sure to maintain the CT
polarity when wiring.
The diagrams are presented in the following order:
1. Three Phase, Four-Wire System Wye/Delta with Direct Voltage, 3 Element
a. Example of Dual-Phase Hookup
b. Example of Single Phase Hookup
2. Three Phase, Four-Wire System Wye with Direct Voltage, 2.5 Element
3. Three-Phase, Four-Wire Wye/Delta with PTs, 3 Element
4. Three-Phase, Four-Wire Wye with PTs, 2.5 Element
5. Three-Phase, Three-Wire Delta with Direct Voltage
6. Three-Phase, Three-Wire Delta with 2 PTs, 2 CTs
7. Three-Phase, Three-Wire Delta with 2 PTs, 3 CTs
8. Current Only Measurement (Three Phase)
9. Current Only Measurement (Dual Phase)
10.Current Only Measurement (Single Phase)
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1. Service: WYE/Delta, 4-Wire with No PTs, 3 CTs
LINE
N A B C
Power
Supply
Connection
CT
Shorting
Block
GND
Earth Ground
HI
HI
HI
lc
lb
la
LO
LO
LO
L(+)
FUSE
N(-)
3A
L(+)
N(-)
Vref
Va
Vb
Vc
FUSES
3 x 0.1A
N A B C
LOAD
Select: “ 3 EL WYE ” (3 Element Wye) from the Shark® meter’s front panel display
(see Chapter 6).
C
C
A
B
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4: Electrical Installation
1a. Example of Dual Phase Hookup
LINE
N
A
B
C
CT
Shorting
Block
Power
Supply
Connection
Earth Ground
GND
HI
HI
HI
lc
lb
la
LO
LO
LO
L(+)
FUSE
N(-)
3A
L(+)
N(-)
Vref
Va
Vb
Vc
x
FUSES
2 x 0.1A
N
A
B
C
LOAD
Select: “ 3 EL WYE ” (3 Element Wye) from the Shark® meter’s Front Panel Display
(see Chapter 6).
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4: Electrical Installation
1b. Example of Single Phase Hookup
LINE
N
A
B
C
CT
Shorting
Block
Power
Supply
Connection
Earth Ground
GND
HI
HI
HI
lc
lb
la
LO
LO
LO
L(+)
FUSE
N(-)
3A
L(+)
N(-)
Vref
Va
Vb
Vc
x
x
FUSE
0.1A
N
A
B
C
LOAD
Select: “ 3 EL WYE ” (3 Element Wye) from the Shark® meter’s Front Panel Display
(see Chapter 6).
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4: Electrical Installation
2. Service: 2.5 Element WYE, 4-Wire with No PTs, 3 CTs
LINE
N A B C
Power
Supply
Connection
CT
Shorting
Block
GND
Earth Ground
HI
HI
HI
lc
lb
la
LO
LO
LO
L(+)
FUSE
N(-)
3A
L(+)
N(-)
Vref
Va
Vb
Vc
FUSES
2 x 0.1A
N A B C
LOAD
Select: “2.5 EL WYE” (2.5 Element Wye) from the Shark® meter’s front panel
display (see Chapter 6).
C
A
B
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4: Electrical Installation
3. Service: WYE/Delta, 4-Wire with 3 PTs, 3 CTs
LINE
N A B C
Power
Supply
Connection
CT
Shorting
Block
GND
Earth Ground
HI
HI
HI
lc
lb
la
LO
LO
LO
L(+)
FUSE
N(-)
3A
L(+)
N(-)
Vref
Va
Vb
Vc
FUSES
3 x 0.1A
Earth Ground
N A B C
LOAD
Select: “3 EL WYE” (3 Element Wye) from the Shark® meter’s front panel display (see
Chapter 6).
C
C
A
B
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4: Electrical Installation
4. Service: 2.5 Element WYE, 4-Wire with 2 PTs, 3 CTs
LINE
N A B C
Power
Supply
Connection
CT
Shorting
Block
GND
Earth Ground
HI
HI
HI
lc
lb
la
LO
LO
LO
L(+)
FUSE
N(-)
3A
L(+)
N(-)
Vref
Va
Vb
Vc
FUSES
2 x 0.1A
Earth Ground
N A B C
LOAD
Select: “2.5 EL WYE” (2.5 Element Wye) from the Shark® meter’s front panel
display (see Chapter 6).
C
A
B
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4: Electrical Installation
5. Service: Delta, 3-Wire with No PTs, 2 CTs
LINE
A B C
CT
Shorting
Block
Earth Ground
Power
Supply
Connection
GND
HI
HI
HI
lc
lb
la
LO
LO
LO
L(+)
FUSE
N(-)
3A
L(+)
N(-)
Vref
Va
Vb
Vc
FUSES
3 x 0.1A
A B C
LOAD
Select: “2 CT DEL” (2 CT Delta) from the Shark® meter’s front panel display (see
Chapter 6).
C
C
A B
B
A
Not connected to meter
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4: Electrical Installation
6. Service: Delta, 3-Wire with 2 PTs, 2 CTs
LINE
A B C
CT
Shorting
Block
Earth Ground
Power
Supply
Connection
GND
HI
HI
HI
lc
lb
la
LO
LO
LO
L(+)
FUSE
N(-)
3A
L(+)
N(-)
Vref
Va
Vb
Vc
FUSES
2 x 0.1A
Earth Ground
A B C
LOAD
Select: “2 CT DEL” (2 CT Delta) from the Shark® meter’s front panel display (see
Chapter 6).
C
C
A B
B
A
Not connected to meter
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4: Electrical Installation
7. Service: Delta, 3-Wire with 2 PTs, 3 CTs
LINE
A B C
CT
Shorting
Block
Power
Supply
Connection
GND
Earth Ground
HI
HI
HI
lc
lb
la
LO
LO
LO
L(+)
FUSE
N(-)
3A
L(+)
N(-)
Vref
Va
Vb
Vc
FUSES
2 x 0.1A
Earth Ground
A B C
LOAD
Select: “2 CT DEL” (2 CT Delta) from the Shark® meter’s front panel display (see
Chapter 6).
NOTE: The third CT for hookup is optional, and is used only for Current
measurement.
C
C
A B
B
A
Not connected to meter
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4: Electrical Installation
8. Service: Current Only Measurement (Three Phase)
LINE
A
B
C
Power
Supply
Connection
CT
Shorting
Block
GND
Earth Ground
HI
HI
HI
lc
lb
la
LO
LO
LO
L(+)
FUSE
N(-)
3A
Va
Vc
B
N(-)
Vref
Vb
A
L(+)
FUSE
20VAC
Minimum
0.1A
C
LOAD
Select: “3 EL WYE” (3 Element Wye) from the Shark® meter’s front panel display (see
Chapter 6.)
NOTE: Even if the meter is used only for current measurement, an AN reference is
recommended for improved accuracy.
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4: Electrical Installation
9. Service: Current Only Measurement (Dual Phase)
LINE
A
B
CT
Shorting
Block
Earth Ground
Power
Supply
Connection
GND
HI
HI
HI
lc
lb
la
LO
LO
LO
L(+)
FUSE
N(-)
3A
N(-)
Vref
Va
Vb
Vc
A
L(+)
FUSE
20VAC
Minimum
0.1A
B
LOAD
Select: “3 EL WYE” (3 Element Wye) from the Shark® meter’s front panel display (see
Chapter 6).
NOTE: Even if the meter is used only for current measurement, an AN reference is
recommended for improved accuracy.
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4: Electrical Installation
10. Service: Current Only Measurement (Single Phase)
LINE
N
A
CT
Shorting
Block
Earth Ground
Power
Supply
Connection
GND
HI
HI
HI
lc
lb
la
LO
LO
LO
L(+)
FUSE
N(-)
3A
N(-)
Vref
Va
Vb
Vc
N
L(+)
FUSE
20VAC
Minimum
0.1A
A
LOAD
Select: “3 EL WYE” (3 Element Wye) he Shark® meter’s front panel display (see
Chapter 6).
NOTES:
• Even if the meter is used only for current measurement, an AN reference is recommended for improved accuracy.
• The diagram shows a connection to Phase A, but you can also connect to Phase B or
Phase C.
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4: Electrical Installation
4.9: Extended Surge Protection for Substation Instrumentation
EIG offers a surge protector for applications with harsh electrical conditions. The
surge protector is EI-MSB10-400 and it can be ordered from EIG’s webstore:
www.electroind.com/store.
The EI-MSB10-400 surge protector is designed to protect sensitive equipment from
the damaging effects of lightning strikes and/or industrial switching surges in single
phase AC networks up to 320VAC (L-N / L-G), and DC networks up to 400 VDC. The
protectors are ideal for metering systems, RTUs, PLCs and protective relays. They are
used specifically to extend the life and increase reliability of critical control apparatus.
For best protection, it is recommended to use two protectors. These will protect the
instrument on the line inputs and on the reference input to ground. The protectors
have LED indication to annunciate when the protection has worn out.
The EI-MSB10-400 is connected by wires in parallel with the network to be protected.
It can be easily mounted on a wall or plate with self-adhesive tape.
See the wiring diagram below.
PE
L (+)
PE
NL
(-)(+)
N (-)
GND
BREAKER
FUSE
GND L (+)
FUSE
FUSE
L (+) N (-)
FUSE
N (-) Vref
BREAKER
Vref
Va
L/N
L/N
L/N
L/N
EI-MSB10-400
EI-MSB10-400
L/N
L/N
L/N
L/N
Vb
Substation
Instrumentatio
Substation
Va
Instrumentation
Vb
Vc
Vc
EI-MSB10-400
EI-MSB10-400
Figure 4.5: Wiring Schematic for Extended Surge Suppression
Suitable for Substation Instrumentation
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4: Electrical Installation
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5: Communication Installation
5: Communication Installation
5.1: Shark® 200 Meter Communication
The Shark® 200 meter provides two independent Communication ports. The first
port, Com 1, is an optical IrDA port. The second port, Com 2, provides RS485
communication speaking Modbus ASCII, Modbus RTU, and DNP 3.0 protocols.
Additionally, the Shark® 200 meter has optional communication cards: the Fiber
Optic communication card and the 10/100BaseT Ethernet communication card. See
chapters 7 and 8 for more information on these options.
5.1.1: IrDA Port (Com 1)
The Shark® 200 meter’s Com 1 IrDA port is on the face of the meter. The IrDA port
allows the unit to be read and programmed without the need of a communication
cable. Just point at the meter with an IrDA-equipped laptop PC to configure it.
NOTES:
• Settings for Com 1 (IrDA Port) are configured using Communicator EXTTM software.
• This port only communicates via Modbus ASCII Protocol.
• Refer to Appendix D for instructions on using EIG’s USB to IrDA Adapter.
5.1.2: RS485 / KYZ Output (Com 2)
Com 2 provides a combination RS485 and an Energy Pulse Output (KYZ pulse).
See Chapter 2, Section 2.2 for the KYZ Output specifications; see Chapter 6, Section
6.4 for pulse constants.
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5: Communication Installation
Figure 5.1: Shark® 200 Meter Back with RS485 Communication Installation
RS485 allows you to connect one or multiple Shark® 200 meters to a PC or other
device, at either a local or remote site. All RS485 connections are viable for up to
4000 feet (1219.20 meters).
120.00
120.00
120.00
RS485
RS485/RS232
Converter
RS232
Shark
EIG Recommends the Unicom 2500
for RS485/RS232 Conversion
Figure 5.2: Shark® 200 Meter Connected to a PC via RS485 bus
As shown in Figure 5.2, to connect a Shark® 200 meter to a PC, you need to use an
RS485 to RS232 converter, such as EIG’s Unicom 2500. See Section 5.1.2.1 for
information on using the Unicom 2500 with the Shark® 200 meter.
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5: Communication Installation
Figure 5.3 shows the detail of a 2-wire RS485 connection
Shark meter RS485 connections
MAX
MENU
ENTER
VOLTS L-N
MIN
From other RS485 device
Connect :
•
(−) to (−)
•
(+) to (+)
•
Shield(SH) to Shield(SH)
VOLTS L-N
120.0
120.0
120.0
LM1
LM2
%THD
-
-
PRG
120%-
+
SH
+
SH
90%60%30%-
%LOAD
AMPS
W/VAR/PF
A
VA/Hz
Wh
VARh
B
VAh
C
Wh Pulse
KILO
MEGA
Figure 5.3: 2-wire RS485 Connection
NOTES:
For All RS485 Connections:
• Use a shielded twisted pair cable and ground the shield, preferably at one location
only.
• Establish point-to-point configurations for each device on a RS485 bus: connect (+)
terminals to (+) terminals; connect (-) terminals to (-) terminals.
• You may connect up to 31 meters on a single bus using RS485. Before assembling
the bus, each meter must have a unique address: refer to Chapter 8 in the
Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User Manual for instructions.
• Protect cables from sources of electrical noise.
• Avoid both “Star” and “Tee” connections (see Figure 5.5).
• No more than two cables should be connected at any one point on an RS485 network, whether the connections are for devices, converters, or terminal strips.
• Include all segments when calculating the total cable length of a network. If you are
not using an RS485 repeater, the maximum length for cable connecting all devices
is 4000 feet (1219.20 meters).
• Connect shield to RS485 Master and individual devices as shown in Figure 5.4. You
may also connect the shield to earth-ground at one point.
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5: Communication Installation
• Termination Resistors (RT) may be needed on both ends for longer length transmission lines. However, since the meter has some level of termination internally,
Termination Resistors may not be needed. When they are used, the value of the
Termination Resistors is determined by the electrical parameters of the cable.
Figure 5.4 shows a representation of an RS485 Daisy Chain connection. Refer to
Section 5.1.2.1 for details on RS485 connection for the Unicom 2500.
Master device
Last Slave device N
RT
SH
+
RT
-
Slave device 1
Slave device 2
SH
SH
+
-
+
-
SH
Twisted pair, shielded (SH) cable
Twisted pair, shielded (SH) cable
+
-
Twisted pair, shielded (SH) cable
Earth Connection, preferably at
single location
Figure 5.4: RS485 Daisy Chain Connection
Slave device 1
SH
+
-
Long stub results “T” connection that can cause
interference problem!
Master device
Last Slave device N
RT
RT
Slave device 2
SH +
-
SH
Twisted pair, shielded (SH) cable
+
-
SH
Twisted pair, shielded (SH) cable
+
-
Twisted pair, shielded (SH) cable
Earth Connection, preferably at
single location
Twisted pair, shielded (SH) cable
Twisted pair, shielded (SH) cable
Slave device 1
Slave device 2
SH +
-
-
Master device
SH
+
SH
+
-
+ SH
“STAR” connection can cause interference
problem!
-
SH
+
Slave device 3
Slave device 4
Twisted pair, shielded (SH) cable
Twisted pair, shielded (SH) cable
Figure 5.5: Incorrect “T” and “Star” Topologies
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5: Communication Installation
5.1.2.1: Using the Unicom 2500
The Unicom 2500 provides RS485/RS232 and Fiber Optic/RS232 conversion. In doing
so it allows a Shark® 200 meter with either RS485 communication or the optional
Fiber Optic communication card to communicate with a PC. See the Unicom 2500
Installation and Operation Manual for additional information. You can order the
Unicom 2500 and the recommended communication cable for it from EIG’s
webstore: www.electroind.com/store. From the left side of the webpage, select
Communication Products for the Unicom 2500 and Cables and Accessories for the
RS485 4-wire to 2-wire cable. Figure 5.6 illustrates the Unicom 2500 connections for
RS485 and Fiber Optics.
NOTE: We recommend you use EIG’s 4-wire to 2-wire communication cable
so you do not have to use jumper wires.
RS232 Port
PC
UNICOM 2500
TX(-) RX(-) TX(+) RX(+) SH
Jumpers:
Short TX(-) to RX(-) becomes (-) signal
Short TX(+) to RX(+) becomes (+) signal
SH
SH
(+)
(+)
(-)
(-)
120.00
120.00
120.00
Figure 5.6: Unicom 2500 with Connections
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5: Communication Installation
The Unicom 2500 can be configured for either 4wire or 2-wire RS485 connections. Since the
Shark® 200 meter uses a 2-wire connection,
Set switch
Set the
to DCE
Baud rate
unless you are using the RS485 4-wire to 2wire communication cable available from
EIG’s online store, you will need to add
v
jumper wires to convert the Unicom 2500 to the
2-wire configuration. As shown in Figure 5.6,
you connect the "RX-" and "TX-" terminals with a
Set switch
to HD
jumper wire to make the "-" terminal, and connect the "RX+" and "TX+" terminals with a
jumper wire to make the "+" terminal. See the figure on the right for the Unicom
2500’s settings. The Unicom’s Baud rate must match the Baud rate of the meter’s
RS485 port: you set the Baud rate by turning the screw to point at the rate you want.
5.1.2.2: Using the RS485 to USB Communication Converter
EIG offers an RS485 to USB converter to facilitate communication between meters
with an RS485 port and a device with a USB port, e.g., a PC. Utilizing a driver downloaded from the EIG website, the USB operates as a virtual Com port, allowing a user
to communicate with the meter as with a standard PC serial emulation port.
The converter’s model number is E205301, and it can be ordered from EIG’s webstore: www.electroind.com/store.
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5: Communication Installation
To use the E205301:
1. Download the E205301 driver from the EIG website: www.electroind.com/USB485cable.html.
2. Connect the RS485 side of the cable to the meter’s RS485 port, as shown in the
figure, below.
3. Connect the USB connector to your device’s USB port.
4. Follow the programming instructions in Section 5.2.2.
5.2: Shark® 200T Transducer Communication and Programming
Overview
The Shark® 200T transducer does not include a display on the front face of the
meter; there are no buttons or IrDA Port on the face of the meter. Programming and
communication utilize the RS485 connection on the back of the meter as shown in
Figure 5.1. Once a connection is established, Communicator EXTTM software can be
used to program the meter and communicate to Shark® 200T transducer slave
devices.
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5: Communication Installation
Meter Connection
To provide power to the meter, attach an Aux cable to GND, L(+) and N(-). Refer to
Section 4.8, Figure 1.
The RS485 cable attaches to SH, - and + as shown in Figure 5.1.
Note that you can use EIG’s Rs485 to USB communication converter, explained in the
previous section, 5.1.2.2.
5.2.1: Accessing the Meter in Default Communication Mode
You can connect to the Shark® 200T in Default Communication mode. This feature is
useful in debugging or if you do not know the meter's programmed settings and want
to find them. For 5 seconds after the Shark® 200T is powered up, you can use the
RS485 port with Default Communication mode to poll the Name Register. You do this
by connecting to the meter with the following default settings (see Section 5.2.2 on
the next page):
Baud Rate: 9600
Address: 1
Protocol: Modbus RTU
The meter continues to operate with these default settings for 5 minutes. During this
time, you can access the meter's Device Profile to ascertain/change meter information. After 5 minutes of no activity, the meter reverts to the programmed Device
Profile settings.
IMPORTANT! In Normal operating mode the initial factory communication settings
are:
Baud Rate:
57600
Address:
1
Protocol:
Modbus RTU
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5: Communication Installation
5.2.2: Connecting to the Meter through Communicator EXTTM
Software
How to Connect:
1. Open the Communicator EXTTM software.
2. Click the Connect icon in the Icon bar.
3. The Connect screen opens, showing the Default settings. Make sure your settings
are the same as shown here. Use the pull-down menus to make any necessary
changes to the settings.
4. Click the Connect button. If you have a problem connecting, you may have to
disconnect power to the meter, then reconnect power and click the Connect button,
again.
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5: Communication Installation
5. You will see the Device Status screen, confirming connection to your meter. Click
OK.
6. Click the Profile icon in the Menu Bar.
7. You will see the Shark® 200 meter’s Device Profile screen. The menu on the left
side of the screen lets you navigate between Settings screens (see below).
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5: Communication Installation
Click Communications. You will see the screen shown below. Use this screen to
enter communication settings for the meter's two on-board ports: the IrDA port (COM
1) and RS485 port (COM 2) Make any necessary changes to settings.
Valid Communication Settings are as follows:
COM1
(IrDA)
Response Delay
(0-750 msec)
COM2
(RS485)
Address
(1-247; for DNP ONLY 1 - 65520)
Protocol
(Modbus RTU, Modbus ASCII or DNP)
Baud Rate
(1200 to 57600) Your meter must have Runtime Firmware version
26 or higher to set Baud rates of 1200, 2400, and 4800.
Response Delay
(0-750 msec)
Parity
(Odd, Even, or None) Your meter must have Runtime Firmware
version 26 or higher to be able to set Parity.
DNP Options for Voltage, Current, and Power - these fields allow you to choose Primary or Secondary Units for DNP, and to set custom scaling if you choose Primary.
Click the Optimal Scaling button to have the software choose a divisor for voltage,
current, and power, that will not result in an over/under-range.
NOTE: You must set the DNP polling software to multiply by the divisor amount
before showing the final value.
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5: Communication Installation
See Chapter 8 in the Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User
Manual for more information.
8. When changes are complete, click the Update Device button to send a new profile
to the meter.
9. Click Exit to leave the Device Profile or click other menu items to change other
aspects of the Device Profile (see the following section for instructions).
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5.2.2.1: Shark® 200 Meter Device Profile Settings
IMPORTANT! Modification to the Device Profile may cause improper Option card
operation due to changed Scaling, etc. Verify or update programmable settings
related to any Option cards installed in the Shark® 200 meter.
NOTE: Only the basic Shark® 200 meter Device Profile settings are explained in this
manual. Refer to Chapter 8 in the Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT
Software User Manual for detailed instructions on configuring all settings of the
meter’s Device Profile. You can view the manual online by clicking Help>Contents
from the Communicator EXTTM Main screen.
CT, PT Ratios and System Hookup
IMPORTANT! You have two options for entering the CT and PT settings. You can
either enter CT/PT Numerator, Denominator, and Multiplier manually (see instructions
below), or you can enter the Ratios for CT/PT Numerator and Denominator and click
the Update CT/Update PT buttons to let the software calculate the Numerator,
Denominator, and Multiplier for you. You can then empty the Ratio fields and click the
Update Ratio buttons to confirm the calculated settings: you will see the same ratios
you initially entered.
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5: Communication Installation
For manual entry:
CT Ratios
CT Numerator (Primary): 1 - 9999
CT Denominator (Secondary): 5 or 1 Amp
NOTE: This field is display only.
Either CT Multiplier (Scaling): 1, 10 or 100
OR Ratio: the ratio to be applied, and click Update CT
Current Full Scale: Display only.
PT Ratios
PT Numerator (Primary): 1 - 9999
PT Denominator (Secondary): 40 - 600
PT Multiplier (Scaling): 1, 10, 100, or 1000
Voltage Full Scale: Display only.
System Wiring
3 Element Wye; 2.5 Element Wye; 2 CT Delta
Example Settings:
For a CT of 2000/5A, set the following CT Ratios in the entry fields:
CT Numerator (Primary)
2000
CT Denominator (Secondary)
5
CT Multiplier
1
The Current Full Scale field will read 2000.
NOTE: You can obtain the same Current Full Scale by entering a CT Numerator of 200
and a CT Multiplier of 10.
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5: Communication Installation
For a system that has 14400V primary with a 120V secondary line to neutral (PT Ratio
of 120:1), set the following PT Ratios in the entry fields:
PT Numerator (Primary) 1440
PT Denominator (Secondary) 120
PT Multiplier 10
The Voltage Full Scale field will read 14.4k.
Use the box at the bottom of the screen to enter the minimum voltage threshold,
which is a percentage of the voltage full scale. Enter a percentage between 0 and 12.7
in the % entry field. The minimum primary voltage based on the percentage you
entered is displayed at the bottom of the screen.
Example CT Settings:
200/5 Amps: Set the Ct-n value for 200, Ct-Multiplier value for 1
800/5 Amps: Set the Ct-n value for 800, Ct-Multiplier value for 1
2,000/5 Amps: Set the Ct-n value for 2000, Ct-Multiplier value for 1
10,000/5 Amps: Set the Ct-n value for 1000, Ct-Multiplier value for 10
Example PT Settings:
277/277 Volts: Pt-n value is 277, Pt-d value is 277, Pt-Multiplier is 1
14,400/120 Volts: Pt-n value is 1440, Pt-d value is 120, Pt-Multiplier value is 10
138,000/69 Volts: Pt-n value is 1380, Pt-d value is 69, Pt-Multiplier value is 100
345,000/115 Volts: Pt-n value is 3450, Pt-d value is 115, Pt-Multiplier value is 100
345,000/69 Volts: Pt-n value is 345, Pt-d value is 69, Pt-Multiplier value is 1000
NOTE: Settings are the same for Wye and Delta configurations.
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5: Communication Installation
Display Configuration
The settings on this screen determine the display configuration of the meter’s
faceplate.
NOTE: For a Shark® 200T transducer, the Display Configuration setting does not
apply as there is no display.
The screen fields and acceptable entries are as follows:
Phases Displayed: A; A and B; A, B, and C. This field determines which phases are
displayed on the faceplate. For example, if you select A and B, only those two phases
will be displayed on the faceplate.
Auto Scroll Display: Yes or No. This field enables/disables the scrolling of selected
readings on the faceplate. If enabled, the readings scroll every 5 seconds.
Enable on Face Plate of Display: Check the boxes of the Readings you want
displayed on the faceplate of the meter. You must select at least one reading.
Power Direction: View as Load or View as Generator; this controls how energy is
accumulated in the Shark® meter. View as Load means the energy readings are accu-
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5: Communication Installation
mulated as Whrs Received, View as Generator means the energy readings are accumulated as Whrs Delivered.
Flip Power Factor Sign: Yes or No
Current (I) Display Autoscale: On to apply scaling to the current display or Off (No
decimal places)
Display Voltage in Secondary: Yes or No
NOTE: There are two methods available to address power generation applications
where the power sign might need to be changed. There is the IEEE/IEC method and
the Shark® meter’s legacy method. They are both readily available by selecting the
appropriate programmable setting. The next two pages show examples of the result
of choosing either method.
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5: Communication Installation
Use IEEE/IEC Power Coordinate System: Yes or No. Select Yes to use the IEEE/
IEC system shown in the charts below. Select No if you want to use the legacy system
shown in the charts on the next page.
+Q,
+Q,+VARh
+VARh
Delivered
Delivered
IEEE/IEC
IEEE/IECmode
mode
View
ViewasasLoad
Load
Q2
Q2
Lead
Lead
Q1
Q1
Lag
Lag
-P,
-P,-Wh
-Wh
+P,
+P,+Wh
+Wh
Received
Received
Delivered
Delivered
Q4
Q4
Lead
Lead
Q3
Q3
Lag
Lag
-Q,
-Q,-VARh
-VARh
Received
Received
-Q,
-Q,-VARh
-VARh
IEEE/IEC
IEEE/IECmode
mode
View
ViewasasGenerator
Generator
Received
Received
Q2
Q2
Lead
Lead
Q1
Q1
Lag
Lag
+P,
+P,+Wh
+Wh
-P,
-P,-Wh
-Wh
Delivered
Delivered
Received
Received
Q4
Q4
Lead
Lead
Q3
Q3
Lag
Lag
+Q,
+Q,+VARh
+VARh
Delivered
Delivered
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5: Communication Installation
+Q, +VARh
Received
Legacy mode
View as Load
Q2
Lag
Q1
Lag
-P, -Wh
+P, +Wh
Delivered
Received
Q4
Lead
Q3
Lead
-Q, -VARh
Delivered
+Q, +VARh
Legacy mode
View as Generator
Received
Q2
Lag
Q1
Lag
+P, -Wh
-P, +Wh
Received
Delivered
Q4
Lead
Q3
Lead
-Q, -VARh
Delivered
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5: Communication Installation
Load Bar Custom Configuration: To enter scaling for the Load Bar, click the Load
Bar Custom Configuration checkbox. Fields display on the screen that allow you to
enter a Scaling factor for the display. See the figure below.
Enter the scaling factor you want in the Current Scale field. This field is multiplied by
the CT Multiplier (set in the CT, PT Ratios, and System Hookup screen) to arrive at the
Primary Full Scale. Make sure you set the CT multiplier correctly.
Enable Fixed Scale for Voltage Display: To enter a scaling factor for the Voltage
display, click the checkbox next to Enable Fixed Scale for Voltage Display. The screen
changes - see the figure below.
Select the scaling you want to use from the pull-down menu. The options are: 0,
100.0kV, 10.00kV, or 0kV.
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5: Communication Installation
Energy, Power Scaling, and Averaging
The screen fields and acceptable entries are as follows:
Energy Settings
Energy Digits: 5; 6; 7; 8
Energy Decimal Places: 0 - 6
Energy Scale: unit; kilo (K); Mega (M)
Example: a reading for Digits: 8; Decimals: 3; Scale: K would be formatted as
00123.456k
Power Settings
Power Scale: Auto; unit; kilo (K); Mega (M)
Apparent Power (VA) Calculation Method: Arithmetic Sum; Vector Sum
Demand Averaging
Type: Block or Rolling
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5: Communication Installation
Interval (Block demand) or Sub-Interval (Rolling demand) in minutes: 5; 15; 30; 60
Number of Subintervals: 1; 2; 3; 4
Interval Window: This field is display only. It is the product of the values entered in
the Sub-Interval and Number of Subintervals fields.
NOTE: You will only see the Number of Subintervals and Interval Window fields if you
select Rolling Demand.
System Settings
From this screen, you can do the following:
• Enable or disable password for Reset (reset max/min Energy settings, Energy
accumulators, and the individual logs) and/or Configuration (Device profile): click
the radio button next to Yes or No.
NOTES:
• If you enable a password for reset, you must also enable it for configuration.
• The meter’s default is password disabled.
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5: Communication Installation
• Enabling Password protection prevents unauthorized tampering with devices.
When a user attempts to make a change that is under Password protection,
Communicator EXTTM software opens a screen asking for the password. If the
correct password is not entered, the change does not take place.
IMPORTANT! You must set up a password before enabling Password protection.
Click the Change button next to Change Password if you have not already set up a
password.
• Change the Password: click the Change button. You will see the Enter the New
Password screen, shown below.
1. Type in the new password (0 - 9999).
2. Retype the password.
3. Click Change. The new password is saved and the meter restarts.
NOTE: If Password protection has already been enabled for configuration and
you attempt to change the password, you will see the Enter Password screen
after you click Change. Enter the old password and click OK to proceed with
the password change.
• Change the Meter Identification: input a new meter label into the Meter Designation
field.
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5: Communication Installation
Limits
Limits are transition points used to divide acceptable and unacceptable measurements. When a value goes above or below the limit an out-of-limit condition occurs.
Once they are configured, you can view the out-of-Limits (or Alarm) conditions in the
Limits log or Limits polling screen. You can also use Limits to trigger relays. See the
Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User Manual for details.
The current settings for Limits are shown in the screen. You can set and configure up
to eight Limits for the Shark® 200 meter.
To set up a Limit:
1. Select a Limit by double-clicking on the Assigned Channel field.
2. You will see the screen shown below. Select a Group and an Item for the Limit.
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5: Communication Installation
3. Click OK.
To configure a Limit:
Double-click on the field to set the following values:
Above and Below Setpoint: % of Full Scale (the point at which the reading goes
out of limit)
Examples:
100% of 120V Full Scale = 120V
90% of 120V Full Scale = 108V
Above and Below Return Hysteresis: the point at which the reading goes back
within limit (see figure below)
Examples:
Above Setpoint = 110%; Below Setpoint = 90%
(Out of Limit above 132V);(Out of Limit below 108V)
Above Return Hysteresis = 105%; Below Return Hysteresis = 95%
(Stay out of Limit until below 126V)(Stay out of Limit until above 114V)
+ MEASURED VALUE
Above Limit
condition
Above Limit Trigger point
HYSTERESIS
Return point from Above Limit condition
Return point from Below Limit condition
HYSTERESIS
Below Limit Trigger point
Below Limit
condition
0
TIME
- MEASURED VALUE
(if applicable)
Primary Fields: These fields are display only. They show what the setpoint and
return hysteresis value are for each limit.
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5: Communication Installation
NOTES:
• If you are entering negative Limits, be aware that the negative value affects the
way the above and below Limits function, since negative numbers are processed as
signed values.
• If the Above Return Hysteresis is greater than the Above Setpoint, the Above Limit
is Disabled; if the Below Return Hysteresis is less than the Below Setpoint, the
Below Limit is Disabled. You may want to use this feature to disable either Above or
Below Limit conditions for a reading.
Time Settings
Use this setting to enable or disable Daylight Savings Time for the meter, to set the
beginning and ending times for Daylight Savings Time, and to set up Time Zone information and clock synchronization information.
From the Tree Menu, click General Settings>Time Settings.
Check the box to Enable Daylight Savings time, or un-check it to Disable Daylight
Savings Time.
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5: Communication Installation
Use the entry fields to set the start and end times for the Daylight Savings Time
feature, if enabled. Select the values you want from the Month, Week, Day of the
Week, and Hour fields.
NOTE: The Hour field uses a 24-Hour clock.
The other fields on the screen are used to set up clock synchronization for the meter.
There are two available clock synchronization methods:
1. If your meter has the Network Option card, you can use the card to access a Network Time Protocol (NTP) Server for clock synchronization.
2. You can use line frequency synchronization (Line Sync) for clock synchronization.
Line Sync synchronizes the clock to the AC frequency. This a very common synchronizing method.
Use these fields to set up NTP clock synchronization:
1. Time Zone: Zone Descriptor - Select the hour and minute of your time zone in
relation to Greenwich Mean Time. For example, if your time zone is Eastern Standard time, you would select -5 from the pull-down Hour menu and leave the Minutes field at 0.
2. Under Clock Sync select:
• Yes from the Enable pull-down menu
• NTP from the Method pull-down menu
• The location of the Network Option card - select either Option Card in Slot 1 or
Option Card in Slot 2 from the Interface pull-down menu.
NOTE: You also need to set up the NTP server information when you configure the
Network card’s settings. See Chapter 8 of the Communicator EXTTM User Manual for
instructions.
Use these fields to set up Line Frequency clock synchronization:
Under Clock Sync select:
• Yes from the Enable pull-down menu
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5: Communication Installation
• Line (line frequency synchronization) from the Method pull-down menu
• 50Hz or 60Hz from the Line Frequency pull-down menu
IMPORTANT! When you finish making changes to the Device Profile, click Update
Device to send the new Profile settings to the meter.
NOTE: Refer to Chapter 8 of the Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT
Software User Manual for additional instructions on configuring the Shark® 200
meter settings, including Transformer and Line Loss Compensation, CT and PT
Compensation, Option card configuration, Secondary Voltage display, Symmetrical
Components, Voltage and Current Unbalance, and scaling Primary readings for use
with DNP.
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6: Using the Shark® 200 Meter
6: Using the Shark® 200 Meter
6.1: Introduction
You can use the Elements and Buttons on the Shark® 200 meter’s face to view meter
readings, reset and/or configure the meter, and perform related functions. The following sections explain the Elements and Buttons and detail their use.
6.1.1: Understanding Meter Face Elements
Reading
Type
Indicator
MENU
MAX
ENTER
VOLTS L-N
MIN
LM1
LM2
VOLTS L-L
-
AMPS
A
W/VAR/PF
%THD
IrDA Com
Port
PRG
-
lrDA
120%-
% of Load
Bar
90%60%-
0000
-
Parameter
Designator
VA/Hz
Wh
VARh
B
VAh
C
Wh Pulse
30%-
KILO
MEGA
%LOAD
Watt-hour
Test Pulse
Scaling
Factor
Figure 6.1: Face Plate with Elements
The meter face features the following elements:
• Reading type indicator: e.g., Max
• Parameter designator: e.g., Volts L-N
• Watt-hour test pulse: Energy pulse output to test accuracy
• Scaling factor: Kilo or Mega multiplier of displayed readings
• % of Load bar: Graphic Display of Amps as % of the load (see Section 6.3 for
additional information)
• IrDA Communication port: Com 1 port for wireless communication
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6: Using the Shark® 200 Meter
6.1.2: Understanding Meter Face Buttons
Menu
MENU
MAX
ENTER
VOLTS L-N
MIN
LM1
LM2
-
AMPS
A
W/VAR/PF
%THD
PRG
0000
- 0.659
-
lrDA
120%90%60%30%-
Down
Enter
VOLTS L-L
VA/Hz
Wh
VARh
B
VAh
C
Wh Pulse
KILO
MEGA
%LOAD
Right
Figure 6.2: Faceplate with Buttons
The meter face has Menu, Enter, Down and Right buttons, which let you perform
the following functions:
• View meter information
• Enter display modes
• Configure parameters (may be Password protected)
• Perform resets (may be Password protected)
• Perform LED Checks
• Change settings
• View parameter values
• Scroll parameter values
• View Limit states
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6: Using the Shark® 200 Meter
6.2: Using the Front Panel
You can access four modes using the Shark® 200 meter’s front panel buttons:
• Operating mode (Default)
• Reset mode
• Configuration mode
• Information mode - Information mode displays a sequence of screens that show
model information, such as Frequency, Amps, V-Switch, etc.
Use the Menu, Enter, Down and Right buttons to navigate through each mode and
its related screens.
NOTES:
• See Appendix A for the display’s Navigation maps.
• The meter can also be configured using software; see Chapter 5 and the
Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User Manual for instructions.
6.2.1: Understanding Startup and Default Displays
Upon powering up, the meter displays a sequence of screens:
• Lamp Test screen where all LEDs are lit
• Lamp Test screen where all digits are lit
• Firmware screen showing the build number
• Error screen (if an error exists)
After startup, if auto-scrolling is enabled, the Shark® 200 meter scrolls the parameter
readings on the right side of the front panel. The Kilo or Mega LED lights, showing the
scale for the Wh, VARh and VAh readings. Figure 6.3 shows an example of a Wh
reading.
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6: Using the Shark® 200 Meter
MENU
MAX
ENTER
VOLTS L-N
MIN
LM1
LM2
VOLTS L-L
-
AMPS
A
W/VAR/PF
%THD
PRG
0000
- 0.659
-
lrDA
120%90%60%30%-
VA/Hz
Wh
VARh
B
VAh
C
Wh Pulse
KILO
MEGA
%LOAD
Figure 6.3: Display Showing Watt-hour Reading
The Shark® 200 meter continues to provide scrolling readings until one of the buttons on the front panel is pressed, causing the meter to enter one of the other Modes.
6.2.2: Using the Main Menu
1. Press the Menu button. The Main Menu screen appears.
• The Reset: Demand mode (rStd) appears in the A window. Use the Down button to
scroll, causing the Reset: Energy (rStE), Configuration (CFG), Operating (OPr), and
Information (InFo) modes to move to the A window.
• The mode that is currently flashing in the A window is the “Active” mode, which
means it is the mode that can be configured.
MENU
MENU
ENTER
ENTER
MENU
ENTER
-
A
-
A
-
A
-
B
-
B
-
B
-
C
-
C
-
C
For example: Press Down Twice -
CFG moves to A window. Press Down Twice - OPr moves to
A
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6-4
6: Using the Shark® 200 Meter
2. Press the Enter button from the Main Menu to view the Parameters screen for the
mode that is currently active.
6.2.3: Using Reset Mode
Reset Mode has two options:
• Reset: Demand (rStd): resets the Max and Min values
• Reset: Energy (rStE): resets the energy accumulator fields
1. Press the Enter button while
either rStd or rStE is in the A win-
MENU
MENU
ENTER
ENTER
-
A
-
A
Reset Energy No screen appears.
-
B
-
B
• If you press the Enter button
-
C
-
C
dow. The Reset Demand No or
again, the Main Menu appears,
with the next mode in the A
window. (The Down button
MENU
does not affect this screen.)
• If you press the Right button,
the Reset Demand YES or
Reset Energy YES screen
ENTER
MENU
ENTER
-
A
-
A
-
B
-
B
-
C
-
C
appears. Press Enter to perform a reset.
NOTE: If Password protection is enabled for reset, you must enter the four digit
password before you can reset the meter. (See Chapter 5 for information on Password
protection.) To enter a password, follow the instructions in Section 6.2.4.
CAUTION! Reset Demand YES resets all Max and Min values.
2. Once you have performed a reset, the screen displays either “rSt dMd donE” or
“rSt EnEr donE”and then resumes auto-scrolling parameters.
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6: Using the Shark® 200 Meter
6.2.4: Entering a Password
If Password Protection has been enabled in the software for reset and/or configuration
(see Chapter 5 for more information), a screen appears requesting a password when
you try to reset the meter and/or configure settings through the front panel.
• PASS appears in the A window and 4 dashes appear in the B window; the left-most
dash is flashing.
1. Press the Down button to scroll numbers from 0 to 9 for the flashing dash. When
the correct number appears for that dash, use the Right button to move to the
next dash.
Example: The left screen, below, shows four dashes. The right screen shows the
display after the first two digits of the password have been entered.
MENU
ENTER
MENU
-
A
-
-
B
-
-
C
-
ENTER
PASS
12__
A
B
C
2. When all 4 digits of the password have been selected, press the Enter button.
• If you are in Reset mode and you enter the correct password, “rSt dMd donE” or
“rSt EnEr donE”appears and the screen resumes auto-scrolling parameters.
• If you are in Configuration mode and you enter the correct password, the display
returns to the screen that required a password.
• If you enter an incorrect Password, “PASS ---- FAIL” appears and:
• The previous screen is redisplayed, if you
are in Reset mode.
• The previous Operating mode screen is
redisplayed, if you are in Configuration
mode.
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ENTER
-
A
-
B
-
C
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6-6
6: Using the Shark® 200 Meter
6.2.5: Using Configuration Mode
Configuration mode follows Reset: Energy on the Main Menu.
To access Configuration mode:
1. Press the Menu button while the meter is auto-scrolling parameters.
2. Press the Down button until the Configuration mode option (CFG) is in the A
window.
3. Press the Enter button. The configuration Parameters screen appears.
4. Press the Down button to scroll through the configuration parameters: Scroll
(SCrL), CT, PT, Connection (Cnct) and Port. The parameter currently ‘Active,” i.e.,
configurable, flashes in the A window.
5. Press the Enter button to access the Setting screen for the currently active parameter.
NOTE: You can use the Enter button to scroll through all of the configuration
parameters and their Setting screens, in order.
MENU
ENTER
MENU
ENTER
-
A
-
A
-
B
-
B
-
C
-
C
Press Enter when CFG is in A window - Parameter screen appears Press Down- Press Enter when
Parameter you want is in A window
6. The parameter screen appears, showing the current settings. To change the
settings:
• Use either the Down button or the Right button to select an option.
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6: Using the Shark® 200 Meter
• To enter a number value, use the Down button to select the number value for a
digit and the Right button to move to the next digit.
NOTE: When you try to change the current setting and Password protection is
enabled for the meter, the Password screen appears. See Section 6.2.4 for instructions on entering a password.
7. Once you have entered the new setting, press the Menu button twice.
8. The Store ALL YES screen appears. You can either:
• Press the Enter button to save the new setting.
• Press the Right button to access the Store ALL no screen; then press the Enter
button to cancel the Save.
9. If you have saved the settings, the Store ALL done screen appears and the meter
resets.
MENU
MENU
ENTER
ENTER
MENU
ENTER
-
A
-
A
-
A
-
B
-
B
-
B
-
C
-
C
-
C
Press the Enter button to save
the settings. Press the Right
Press the Enter button to
The settings have been
Cancel the Save.
saved.
button for Stor All no screen.
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6: Using the Shark® 200 Meter
6.2.5.1: Configuring the Scroll Feature
When in auto-scrolling mode, the meter performs a scrolling display, showing each
parameter for 7 seconds, with a 1 second pause between parameters. The parameters
that the meter displays are determined by the following conditions:
• They have been selected through software (see the Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and
MeterManager EXT Software User Manual for instructions).
• They are enabled by the installed V-SwitchTM key (see Section 2.1.3 for information
on V-SwitchTM keys).
To enable or disable auto-scrolling:
MENU
1. Press the Enter button when SCrl is in the A window.
The Scroll YES screen appears.
2. Press either the Right or Down button if you want to
ENTER
-
A
-
B
-
C
access the Scroll no screen. To return to the Scroll
YES screen, press either button.
3. Press the Enter button on either the Scroll YES
MENU
screen (to enable auto-scrolling) or the Scroll no
screen (to disable auto-scrolling).
4. The CT- n screen appears (this is the next Configuration mode parameter).
ENTER
-
A
-
B
-
C
NOTES:
• To exit the screen without changing scrolling options, press the Menu button.
• To return to the Main Menu screen, press the Menu button twice.
• To return to the scrolling (or non-scrolling) parameters display, press the Menu
button three times.
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6.2.5.2: Configuring CT Setting
The CT Setting has three parts: Ct-n (numerator), Ct-d (denominator), and Ct-S
(scaling).
1. Press the Enter button when Ct is in the A window. The Ct-n screen appears. You
can either:
• Change the value for the CT numerator.
• Access one of the other CT screens by pressing the Enter button: press Enter
once to access the Ct-d screen, twice to access the Ct-S screen.
NOTE: The Ct-d screen is preset to a 5 Amp or 1 Amp value at the factory and
cannot be changed.
a. To change the value for the CT numerator:
From the Ct-n screen:
• Use the Down button to select the number value for a digit.
• Use the Right button to move to the next digit.
b. To change the value for CT scaling:
From the Ct-S screen, use the Right button or the Down button to choose the
scaling you want. The Ct-S setting can be 1, 10, or 100.
NOTE: If you are prompted to enter a password, refer to Section 6.2.4 for instructions on doing so.
2. When the new setting is entered, press the Menu button twice.
3. The Store ALL YES screen appears. Press Enter to save the new CT setting.
Example CT Settings:
200/5 Amps: Set the Ct-n value for 200 and the Ct-S value for 1.
800/5 Amps: Set the Ct-n value for 800 and the Ct-S value for 1.
2,000/5 Amps: Set the Ct-n value for 2000 and the Ct-S value for 1.
10,000/5 Amps: Set the Ct-n value for 1000 and the Ct-S value for 10.
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NOTES:
• The value for Amps is a product of the Ct-n value and the Ct-S value.
• Ct-n and Ct-S are dictated by primary current; Ct-d is secondary current.
MENU
ENTER
MENU
ENTER
MENU
MENU
ENTER
ENTER
-
A
-
A
-
A
-
A
-
B
-
B
-
B
-
B
-
C
-
C
-
C
-
C
Press Enter
Use buttons to set Ct-n
Ct-d cannot be changed
Use buttons to select
scaling
6.2.5.3: Configuring PT Setting
The PT Setting has three parts: Pt-n (numerator), Pt-d (denominator), and Pt-S (scaling).
1. Press the Enter button when Pt is in the A window. The PT-n screen appears. You
can either:
• Change the value for the PT numerator.
• Access one of the other PT screens by pressing the Enter button: press Enter
once to access the Pt-d screen, twice to access the Pt-S screen.
a. To change the value for the PT numerator or denominator:
From the Pt-n or Pt-d screen:
• Use the Down button to select the number value for a digit.
• Use the Right button to move to the next digit.
b. To change the value for the PT scaling:
From the Pt-S screen, use the Right button or the Down button to choose the
scaling you want. The Pt-S setting can be 1, 10, 100, or 1000.
NOTE: If you are prompted to enter a password, refer to Section 6.2.4 for instructions on doing so.
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6: Using the Shark® 200 Meter
2. When the new setting is entered, press the Menu button twice.
3. The STOR ALL YES screen appears. Press Enter to save the new PT setting.
Example PT Settings:
277/277 Volts: Pt-n value is 277, Pt-d value is 277, Pt-S value is 1.
14,400/120 Volts: Pt-n value is 1440, Pt-d value is 120, Pt-S value is 10.
138,000/69 Volts: Pt-n value is 1380, Pt-d value is 69, Pt-S value is 100.
345,000/115 Volts: Pt-n value is 3450, Pt-d value is 115, Pt-S value is 100.
345,000/69 Volts: Pt-n value is 345, Pt-d value is 69, Pt-S value is 1000.
NOTE: Pt-n and Pt-S are dictated by primary voltage; Pt-d is secondary voltage.
MENU
ENTER
MENU
MENU
ENTER
ENTER
-
A
-
A
-
A
-
B
-
B
-
B
-
C
-
C
-
C
Use buttons to set Pt-n
Use buttons to set Pt-d
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6: Using the Shark® 200 Meter
6.2.5.4: Configuring Connection Setting
1. Press the Enter button when Cnct is in the A window. The Cnct screen appears.
2. Press the Right button or Down button to select a configuration. The choices are:
• 3 Element Wye (3 EL WYE)
• 2.5 Element Wye (2.5EL WYE)
• 2 CT Delta (2 Ct dEL)
NOTE: If you are prompted to enter a password, refer to Section 6.2.4 for instructions on doing so.
3. When you have made your selection, press the Menu button twice.
4. The STOR ALL YES screen appears. Press Enter to save the setting.
MENU
ENTER
-
A
-
B
-
C
Use buttons to select configuration
6.2.5.5: Configuring Communication Port Setting
Port configuration consists of: Address (a three digit number), Baud Rate (9600;
19200; 38400; or 57600), and Protocol (DNP 3.0; Modbus RTU; or Modbus ASCII).
1. Press the Enter button when POrt is in the A window. The Adr (address) screen
appears. You can either:
• Enter the address.
• Access one of the other Port screens by pressing the Enter button: press Enter
once to access the bAUd screen (Baud Rate), twice to access the Prot screen
(Protocol).
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6: Using the Shark® 200 Meter
a. To enter the Address:
From the Adr screen:
• Use the Down button to select the number value for a digit.
• Use the Right button to move to the next digit.
NOTE: Using the faceplate you can enter addresses between 1 and 247;
if you want to enter a DNP address over 247, you need to enter the
address through software settings. Refer to Section 5.2.2.
b. To select the Baud Rate:
From the bAUd screen, use the Right button or the Down button to select the
setting you want.
c. To select the Protocol:
From the Prot screen, press the Right button or the Down button to select the
setting you want.
NOTE: If you are prompted to enter a password, refer to Section 6.2.4 for instructions on doing so.
2. When you have finished making your selections, press the Menu button twice.
3. The STOR ALL YES screen appears. Press Enter to save the settings.
MENU
ENTER
MENU
ENTER
MENU
ENTER
-
A
-
A
-
A
-
B
-
B
-
B
-
C
-
C
-
C
Use buttons to enter Address
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6: Using the Shark® 200 Meter
6.2.6: Using Operating Mode
Operating mode is the Shark® 200 meter’s default mode, that is, the standard front
panel display. After starting up, the meter automatically scrolls through the parameter
screens, if scrolling is enabled. Each parameter is shown for 7 seconds, with a 1 second pause between parameters. Scrolling is suspended for 3 minutes after any button
is pressed.
1. Press the Down button to scroll all the parameters in Operating mode. The
currently “Active,” i.e., displayed, parameter has the Indicator light next to it, on
the right face of the meter.
2. Press the Right button to view additional readings for that parameter. The table
below shows possible readings for Operating Mode. Sheet 2 in Appendix A shows
the Operating mode Navigation map.
NOTE: Readings or groups of readings are skipped if not applicable to the meter type
or hookup, or if they are disabled in the programmable settings.
OPERATING MODE PARAMETER READINGS
POSSIBLE READINGS
VOLTS L-N
VOLTS_LN
VOLTS_LN_
MAX
VOLTS_LN_
MIN
VOLTS L-L
VOLTS_LL
VOLTS_LL_MAX
VOLTS_LL_MIN
AMPS
AMPS
AMPS_NEUTRAL
AMPS_MAX
AMPS_MIN
W/VAR/PF
W_VAR_PF
W_VAR_PF_MAX_POS
W_VAR_PF_MIN_POS
W_VAR_PF_MIN_NEG
VA/Hz
VA_FREQ
VA_FREQ_MAX
VA_FREQ_MIN
Wh
KWH_REC
KWH_DEL
KWH_NET
KWH_TOT
VARh
KVARH_POS
KVARH_NEG
KVARH_NET
KVARH_TOT
VAh
KVAH
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6: Using the Shark® 200 Meter
6.3: Understanding the % of Load Bar
The 10-segment LED bar graph at the bottom left of the Shark® 200 meter’s front
panel provides a graphic representation of Amps. The segments light according to the
load, as shown in the table below.
When the load is over 120% of Full Load, all segments flash “On” (1.5 secs) and “Off”
(0.5 secs).
Segments
Load >= % Full Load
none
no load
1
1%
1-2
15%
1-3
MENU
MAX
LM1
LM2
30%
-
60%
1-6
72%
-
lrDA
10
120%90%-
1-7
84%
1-8
96%
1-9
108%
1-10
120%
All Blink
>120%
AMPS
A
W/VAR/PF
%THD
45%
1-5
VOLTS L-N
VOLTS L-L
PRG
1-4
ENTER
MIN
60%-
0000
-
30%-
1
VA/Hz
Wh
VARh
B
VAh
C
Wh Pulse
KILO
MEGA
%LOAD
The % of Load bar can be programmed through Communicator EXTTM software - see
Section 5.2.2, page 5-14 for instructions.
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6: Using the Shark® 200 Meter
6.4: Performing Watt-Hour Accuracy Testing (Verification)
To be certified for revenue metering, power providers and utility companies must
verify that the billing energy meter performs to the stated accuracy. To confirm the
meter’s performance and calibration, power providers use field test standards to
ensure that the unit’s energy measurements are correct. Since the Shark® 200 meter
is a traceable revenue meter, it contains a utility grade test pulse that can be used to
gate an accuracy standard. This is an essential feature required of all billing grade
meters.
• Refer to Figure 6.5 for an example of how this process works.
• Refer to Table 6.1 for the Wh/Pulse constants for accuracy testing.
MENU
MAX
ENTER
VOLTS L-N
MIN
LM1
LM2
VOLTS L-L
-
AMPS
A
W/VAR/PF
%THD
PRG
-
lrDA
120%90%60%-
0000
-
VA/Hz
Wh
VARh
B
VAh
C
Wh Pulse
30%-
Watt-hour
test pulse
KILO
MEGA
%LOAD
Figure 6.4: Watt-hour Test Pulse
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6: Using the Shark® 200 Meter
MENU
MAX
ENTER
VOLTS L-N
VOLTS L-L
MIN
LM1
LM2
-
A
-
B
-
C
AMPS
W/VAR/PF
%THD
VA/Hz
Wh
PRG
lrDA
VARh
VAh
Test Pulses
120%90%60%-
Energy Pulses
Wh Pulse
30%-
KILO
Energy
Standard
MEGA
%LOAD
Comparator
Error
Results
Figure 6.5: Using the Watt-hour Test Pulse
Input Voltage Level
Class 10 Models
Below 150V
Above 150V
Class 2 Models
0.500017776
2.000071103
0.1000035555
0.400014221
Table 6.1: Infrared & KYZ Pulse Constants for Accuracy Testing - Kh Watt-hour per pulse
NOTES:
• Minimum pulse width is 90 milliseconds.
• Refer to Chapter 2, Section 2.2, for Wh Pulse specifications.
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7: Using the I/O Option Cards
7: Using the I/O Option Cards
7.1: Overview
The Shark® 200 meter offers extensive I/O expandability. Using the two universal
Option Card slots, the unit can be easily configured to accept new I/O Option cards
even after installation, without your needing to remove the meter. The Shark® 200
meter auto-detects any installed Option cards. Up to 2 cards of any type outlined in
this chapter can be used per meter.
Option Card
GND
L (+)
10/100
BaseT
Ethernet
N (+)
Vref
Active
Va
Link
Vb
Total
WEB
Solutions
Vc
Option Card Slots
Figure 7.1: Shark® 200 Meter Back, Showing Option Card Slots and I/O Card
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7: Using the I/O Option Cards
7.2: Installing Option Cards
The Option cards are inserted in one of the two Option Card slots in the back of the
Shark® 200 meter.
NOTE: Remove Voltage inputs and power supply terminal to the meter before
performing card installation.
1. Remove the screws at the top and the bottom of the Option Card slot covers.
2. There is a plastic “track” on the top and the bottom of the slot. The Option card fits
into this track.
)/#ARD'UIDE4RACK
'.$
4X
2X
,
,
6REF
6A
3( 23
6B
.# +9:
#
./
6C
)/#ARD'UIDE4RACK
Figure 7.2: Detail of Guide Track
For safety, remove ALL these connections before installing Option
cards: GND, L+, L-, Vref, Va, Vb, Vc.
3. Slide the card inside the plastic track and insert it into the slot. You will hear a click
when the card is fully inserted. Be careful, it is easy to miss the guide track.
4. Securely re-fasten the screws at the top and bottom of the card.
CAUTIONS!
• Make sure the I/O card is inserted properly into the track to avoid damaging the
card’s components.
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7: Using the I/O Option Cards
• For proper card fit, and to avoid damaging the unit, insert components in the
following order:
a. Option card 1
b. Option card 2
c. Detachable terminal block 1
d. Detachable terminal block 2
e. Communication connection for Port 2
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7: Using the I/O Option Cards
7.3: Configuring Option Cards
CAUTION! FOR PROPER OPERATION, RESET ALL PARAMETERS IN THE UNIT
AFTER HARDWARE MODIFICATION.
The Shark® 200 meter auto-detects any Option cards installed in it. You configure the
Option cards through Communicator EXTTM software. Refer to Chapter 8 of the
Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User Manual for detailed
instructions.
The following sections describe the available Option cards.
7.4: 1mA Output Card (1mAOS)
The 1mA card transmits a standardized bi-directional 0-1mA signal. This signal is
linearly proportional to real-time quantities measured by the Shark® 200 meter. The
outputs are electrically isolated from the main unit.
7.4.1: Specifications:
The technical specifications at 25° C at 5k load are as follows:
Number of outputs:
4 single ended
Power consumption:
1.2W internal
Signal output range:
(-1.2 to +1.2)mA
Max. load impedance:
10k
Hardware resolution:
12 bits
Effective resolution:
14 bits with 2.5kHz PWM
Update rate per channel:
100ms
Output accuracy:
± 0.1 % of output range (2.4mA)
Load regulation
± 0.06 % of output range (2.4mA) load step of 5k
@ ± 1mA
Temperature coefficient
± 30nA/° C
Isolation:
AC 2500V system to outputs
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7: Using the I/O Option Cards
Reset/Default output value:
0mA
The general specifications are as follows:
Operating temperature:
(-20 to +70)° C
Storage temperature:
(-40 to +80)° C
Relative air humidity:
Maximum 95%, non-condensing
EMC - Immunity Interference:
EN61000-4-2
Weight:
1.6oz
Dimensions (inch) W x H x L:
0.72 x 2.68 x 3.26
External connection:
AWG 12-26/(0.29 - 3.31) mm2
5 pin, 0.200” pluggable terminal block
7.4.2: Default Configuration:
The Shark® 200 meter automatically recognizes the installed Option card during
power up. If you have not programmed a configuration for the card, the unit defaults
to the following outputs:
Channel 1
+Watts, +1800 Watts => +1mA
-Watts, - 1800 Watts => -1mA
Channel 2
+VARs, +1800 VARs => +1mA
- VARs, -1800 VARs => -1mA
Channel 3
Phase A Voltage WYE, 300 Volts => +1mA
Phase A Voltage Delta, 600 Volts => +1mA
Channel 4
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7: Using the I/O Option Cards
7.4.3: Wiring Diagram
Analog
Outputs
0-1 mA
Outputs (1,2,3,4)
Channel
C
4
3
2
1
Iout
RL
Common (C)
Figure 7.3: 4-Channel 0 - 1mA Output Card
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7: Using the I/O Option Cards
7.5: 20mA Output Card (20mAOS)
The 20mA card transmits a standardized 0-20 mA signal. This signal is linearly proportional to real-time quantities measured by the Shark® 200 meter. The current
sources need to be loop powered. The outputs are electrically isolated from the main
unit.
7.5.1: Specifications
The technical specifications at 25° C at 500  load are as follows:
Number of outputs:
4 single ended
Power consumption:
1W internal
Signal output range:
(0 to 24)mA
Max. load impedance:
850 @ 24VDC
Hardware resolution:
12 bits
Effective resolution:
14 bits with 2.5kHz PWM
Update rate per channel:
100ms
Output accuracy:
± 0.1% of output range (24mA)
Load regulation:
± 0.03% of output range (24mA) load step of 200
@ 20mA
Temperature coefficient
± 300n A/°C
Isolation:
AC 2500V system to outputs
Maximum loop voltage:
28Vdc max.
Internal voltage drop:
3.4VDC @ 24mA
Reset/Default output value:
12mA
The general specifications are as follows:
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7: Using the I/O Option Cards
Operating temperature:
(-20 to +70)° C
Storage temperature:
(-40 to +80)° C
Relative air humidity:
Maximum 95%, non-condensing
EMC - Immunity interference:
EN61000-4-2
Weight:
1.6oz
Dimensions (inch) W x H x L:
0.72 x 2.68 x 3.26
External connection:
AWG 12-26/(0.129 - 3.31)mm2
5 pin, 0.200” pluggable terminal block
7.5.2: Default Configuration:
The Shark® 200 meter automatically recognizes the installed Option card during
power up. If you have not programmed a configuration for the card, the unit defaults
to the following outputs:
Channel 1
+Watts, +1800 Watts => 20mA
-Watts,
-1800 Watts =>
4mA
0 Watts => 12mA
Channel 2
+VARs, +1800 VARs => 20mA
- VARs, -1800 VARs =>
4mA
0 VARs => 12mA
Channel 3
Phase A Voltage WYE, 300 Volts => 20mA
0 Volts => 4 mA
Phase A Voltage Delta, 600 Volts => 20mA
Channel 4
Phase A Current, 10 Amps => 20mA
0 Phase A Current, 0 Amps => 4 mA
7.5.3: Wiring Diagram
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7: Using the I/O Option Cards
Analog
Outputs
4-20 mA
Channel
C
4
3
2
1
Outputs (1,2,3,4)
Iout
RL
VLoop
Common (C)
Figure 7.4: 4-Channel 0 - 20mA Output Card
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7: Using the I/O Option Cards
7.6: Digital Output (Relay Contact) / Digital Input Card (RO1S)
The Digital Output/Input card is a combination of relay contact outputs for load
switching and dry/wet contact sensing digital inputs. The outputs are electrically
isolated from the inputs and from the main unit.
7.6.1: Specifications
The technical specifications at 25° C are as follows:
Power consumption:
0.320W internal
Relay outputs:
Number of outputs:
2
Contact type:
Changeover (SPDT)
Relay type:
Mechanically latching
Switching voltage:
AC 250V / DC 30V
Switching power:
1250VA / 150W
Switching current:
5A
Switching rate max.:
10/s
Mechanical life:
5 x 107 switching operations
Electrical life:
105 switching operations at rated current
Breakdown voltage:
AC 1000V between open contacts
Isolation:
AC 3000V / 5000V surge system to contacts
Reset/Power down state:
No change - last state is retained
Inputs:
Number of Inputs:
2
Sensing type:
Wet or dry contact status detection
Wetting voltage:
DC (12-24)V, internally generated
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7: Using the I/O Option Cards
Input current:
2.5mA – constant current regulated
Minimum input voltage:
0V (input shorted to common)
Maximum input voltage:
DC 150V (diode protected against polarity
reversal)
Filtering:
De-bouncing with 50ms delay time
Detection scan rate:
100ms
Isolation:
AC 2500V system to inputs
The general specifications are as follows:
Operating temperature:
(-20 to +70)° C
Storage temperature:
(-40 to +80)° C
Relative air humidity:
Maximum 95%, non-condensing
EMC - Immunity Interference:
EN61000-4-2
Weight:
1.5oz
Dimensions (inch) W x H x L:
0.72 x 2.68 x 3.26
External Connection:
AWG 12-26/(0.129 - 3.31)mm2
9 pin, 0.200” pluggable terminal block
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7.6.2: Wiring Diagram
For wet contacts
Status
Inputs
S
T
A
T
U
S
Inputs (I1,I2)
C
VLoop
I1
I2
Common (C)
NO
NO
2
C
C
NC
For dry contacts
NO
1
C
Inputs (I1,I2)
RELAY CONTACTS
NC
NC
Relay
Outputs
Common (C)
Figure 7.5: Relay Contact (2) / Status Input (2) Card
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7.7: Pulse Output (Solid State Relay Contacts) / Digital Input Card
(P01S)
The Pulse Output/Digital Input card is a combination of pulse outputs via solid state
contacts and dry/wet contact sensing digital inputs. The outputs are electrically
isolated from the inputs and from the main unit.
7.7.1: Specifications
The technical specifications at 25° C are as follows:
Power consumption:
0.420W internal
Relay outputs:
Number of outputs:
4
Contact type:
Closing (SPST - NO)
Relay type:
Solid state
Peak switching voltage:
DC ±350V
Continuous load current:
120mA
Peak load current:
350mA for 10ms
On resistance, max.:
35
Leakage current:
1µ[email protected]
Switching Rate max.:
10/s
Isolation:
AC 3750V system to contacts
Reset/Power down state:
Open contacts
Inputs:
Number of inputs:
4
Sensing type:
Wet or dry contact status detection
Wetting voltage:
DC (12-24)V, internally generated
Input current:
2.5mA – constant current regulated
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Minimum input voltage:
0V (input shorted to common)
Maximum input voltage:
DC 150V (diode protected against polarity
reversal)
Filtering:
De-bouncing with 50ms delay time
Detection scan rate:
100ms
Isolation:
AC 2500V system to inputs
The general specifications are as follows:
Operating Temperature:
(-20 to +70)° C
Storage Temperature:
(-40 to +80)° C
Relative air humidity:
Maximum 95%, non-condensing
EMC - Immunity Interference:
EN61000-4-2
Weight:
1.3oz
Dimensions (inch) W x H x L:
0.72 x 2.68 x 3.26
External Connection:
AWG 12-26/(0.129 - 3.31)mm2
13 pin, 3.5mm pluggable terminal block
7.7.2: Default Configuration:
The Shark® 200 meter automatically recognizes the installed Option card during
power up. If you have not programmed a configuration for the card, the unit defaults
to the following outputs:
Status Inputs
Defaulted to Status Detect
Pulse Outputs
Defaulted to Energy Pulses
Pulse Channel 1
1.8 +Watt-hours per pulse
Pulse Channel 2
1.8 -Watt-hours per pulse
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7: Using the I/O Option Cards
Pulse Channel 3
1.8 +VAR-hours per pulse
Pulse Channel 4
1.8 -VAR-hours per pulse
7.7.3: Wiring Diagram
For wet contacts
Status
Inputs
S
T
A
T
U
S
4
3
2
1
C
I4
I3
I2
I1
NO
C
NO
C
NO
C
NO
C
Pulse
Outputs
Inputs (I1,I2)
VLoop
Common (C)
NO
C
For dry contacts
Inputs (I1,I2)
RELAY CONTACTS
NC
Common (C)
Figure 7.6: Pulse Output (4) / Status Input (4) Card
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7.8: Fiber Optic Communication Card (FOSTS; FOVPS)
The Fiber Optic Communication card provides a standard serial communication port
via a fiber optic connection. An echo switch is available to enable messages bypassing
the unit. This feature can be used in a daisy chained network topology.
7.8.1: Specifications
The technical specifications at 25° C are as follows:
Number of Ports:
1
Power consumption:
0.160W internal
Fiber connection:
ST® (FOST) or Versatile Link (FOVP) – as per
order
Optical fiber details:
Multimode
ST® (FOSTS)
50/125 µm, 62.5/125 µm, 100/140 µm,
200µm Hard Clad Silica (HCS®)
Versatile Link (FOVPS):
200µm Hard Clad Silica (HCS®)
1mm Plastic Optical Fiber (POF)
Baud rate:
Up to 57.6kb/s – pre-programmed in the main
unit
Diagnostic feature:
LED lamps for TX and RX activity
The general specifications are as follows:
Operating Temperature:
(-20 to +70)° C
Storage Temperature:
(-40 to +80)° C
Relative air humidity:
Maximum 95%, non-condensing
EMC - Immunity Interference:
EN61000-4-2
Weight:
1.2oz
Dimensions (inch) W x H x L:
0.72 x 2.68 x 3.26
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Fiber Connection:
ST® (FOST) or Versatile Link (FOVP) – as per
order
HCS® is a registered trademark of SpecTran Corporation.
ST® is a registered trademark of AT&T.
7.8.2: Wiring Diagram
ST® type connector
onnec
ection,
on, set ECH
CHO to OFF
FF
For a Point to Point Conn
Echo
Switch
Fiber
Optic
Port
*
ECH
CHO
ECHO
OFF
Meter
ON
RX
*
ON
TX
RX
TX
OFF
FF
Host
st
TX
RX
TX
onnec
ection
on,, set ECH
CHO tto ON **
For a Daisy Chained Conn
RX
**
ECH
CHO
Fiber
Daisy
Chain
Meter
1
Versatile Link type connector
Echo
Switch
Fiber
Optic
Port
ECHO
OFF
TX
ON
Host
st
TX
RX
ECH
CHO
RX
Meter ON OFF
FF
2
ON TX
ECH
CHO
RX
Meter ON OFF
FF
N
ON TX
ON
TX
RX
RX
OFF
FF
TX
* When a Fiber Optic Com Card is used in point to point
connection, set the Echo Switch to OFF.
RX
**When a Fiber Optic Com Card is installed in a meter that
is part of a Daisy Chained connection, set the Echo
Switch to ON. This allows messages not for this meter
to continue to the next meter in sequence.
Fiber
Daisy
Chain
Figure 7.7: Fiber Optic Communication Card
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7.9: 10/100BaseT Ethernet Communication Card (INP100S)
The 10/100BaseT Ethernet Communication card provides the Shark® 200 meter with
Ethernet capability. See Chapter 8: Using the Ethernet Card (INP100S) on page 8-1,
for details and instructions.
NOTE: Refer to Chapter 8 of the Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT
Software User Manual for instructions on performing Network configuration.
7.9.1: Specifications
The technical specifications at 25° C are as follows:
Number of Ports:
1
Power consumption:
2.1W internal
Baud rate:
10/100Mbit
Diagnostic feature:
Status LEDs for LINK and ACTIVE
Number of simultaneous Modbus
connections:
12
The general specifications are as follows:
Operating Temperature:
(-20 to +70)° C
Storage Temperature:
(-40 to +80)° C
Relative air humidity:
Maximum 95%, non-condensing
EMC - Immunity Interference:
EN61000-4-2
Weight:
1.7oz
Dimensions (inch) W x H x L:
0.72 x 2.68 x 3.26
Connection Type:
RJ45 modular (auto-detecting transmit and
receive)
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7.9.2: Default Configuration
The Shark® 200 meter automatically recognizes the installed Option card during
power up. If you have not programmed a configuration for the card, the unit defaults
to the following:
IP Address: 10.0.0.2
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Default Gateway: 0.0.0.0
7.9.3: Wiring Diagram
10/100
BaseT
Ethernet
RJ45 Plug
ACTIVE
Pin 1
LINK
Total
WEB
Solutions
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
RDCable
RD+
TDTD+
Figure 7.8: 10/100BaseT Ethernet Card
IMPORTANT! The INP100S uses an auto-detecting circuit that automatically
switches the transmit and receive in order to properly align communication. Because
of this, when you are communicating directly to a meter with a PC or a switch, a
straight cable can be used.
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7.10: IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network Card (INP300S)
The IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network card provides the Shark® 200 meter with
IEC 61850 as well as Modbus protocol, to allow it to operate in any IEC 61850 application. See Appendix E: Using the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network Card (INP300S)
on page E-1, for details and instructions.
7.10.1: Specifications
The technical specifications at 25° C are as follows:
Number of Ports:
1
Power consumption:
2.1W internal
Baud rate:
10/100Mbit
Diagnostic feature:
Status LEDs for LINK and ACTIVE
Number of simultaneous Modbus
connections:
12
Number of simultaneous MMS
clients:
5
The general specifications are as follows:
Operating Temperature:
(-20 to +70)° C
Storage Temperature:
(-40 to +80)° C
Relative air humidity:
Maximum 95%, non-condensing
EMC - Immunity Interference:
EN61000-4-2
Weight:
1.7oz
Dimensions (inch) W x H x L:
0.72 x 2.68 x 3.26
Connection Type:
RJ45 modular (auto-detecting transmit and
receive)
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7.10.2: Default Configuration
The Shark® 200 meter automatically recognizes the installed Option card during
power up. If you have not programmed a configuration for the card, the unit defaults
to the following:
IP Address: 10.0.0.2
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
Default Gateway: 0.0.0.0
7.10.3: Wiring Diagram
10/100
BaseT
Ethernet
RJ45 Plug
ACTIVE
Pin 1
LINK
IEC61850
Total
WEB
Port
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
RDCable
RD+
TDTD+
Solutions
Figure 7.9: IEC61850 Protocol Ethernet Network Card
IMPORTANT! The INP300S uses an auto-detecting circuit that automatically
switches the transmit and receive in order to properly align communication. Because
of this, when you are communicating directly to a meter with a PC or a switch, a
straight cable can be used.
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8: Using the INP100S Network Card
8: Using the Ethernet Card (INP100S)
8.1: Overview
The Shark® 200 meter can have up to two optional Ethernet cards (INP100S). When
you install the INP100S in your Shark® 200 meter, you gain the capability of communicating over the Ethernet using EIG’s Rapid Response™ technology.
8.2: Hardware Connection
The INP100S card fits into either of the two Option Card slots in the back of the
Shark® 200 meter. Refer to Chapter 7 for card installation instructions.
Use a standard RJ45 10/100BaseT cable to connect to the Ethernet card. The INP100S
card auto-detects cable type and will work with either straight or crossover cable.
GND
L (+)
10/100
BaseT
Ethernet
N (+)
Vref
Active
Va
Link
Vb
RJ45
cable
connects
here
Total
WEB
Solutions
Vc
Figure 8.1: Meter with INP100S Card
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8.3: Performing Network Configuration
As with the other Option cards, the Shark® 200 meter auto-detects the presence of
an installed Ethernet card. Configure the Ethernet card through Communicator EXTTM
software. Refer to Chapter 8 of the Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT
Software User Manual for instructions. You can open the manual online by clicking
Help>Contents from the Communicator EXTTM Main screen.
8.4: INP100S Ethernet Card Features
The INP100S Ethernet card gives your meter the following capabilities:
• Ethernet communication
• Embedded Web server
• NTP Time Server synchronization
• Alarm and notification emails, with meter readings
8.4.1: Ethernet Communication
The INP100S enables high-speed Ethernet communication with up to 12 simultaneous
connections for Modbus TCP. The card supports a static IP address and is treated like
a node on the network.
8.4.2: Embedded Web Server
The INP100S gives the meter a Web server that is viewable over the Ethernet by
almost all browsers. The Shark® Series webpages allow you to see the following
information for the Shark® 200 meter:
• Voltage and current readings
• Power and Energy readings
• Power quality information
• General meter information
• You can also upgrade the Ethernet (Network) card’s firmware, Reset the Ethernet
card, and/or configure email notification from the meter’s Information webpage.
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The INP100S card also supports the “keep alive” feature - see 8.4.5: Keep-Alive Feature on page 8 - 19.
Follow these steps to access the Shark® 200 meter’s webpages:
1. Open a standard Web browser from your PC, smart phone, or tablet.
2. Type the Ethernet Card’s IP address in the address bar, preceded by “http://”.
For example: http://172.20.167.99
3. You will see the Shark® Series Introduction web page shown below.
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8: Using the INP100S Network Card
4. To view Voltage and current readings, click Volts/Amps on the left side of the web
page. You will see the webpage shown below.
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5. To view power and Energy readings, click Power/Energy on the left side of the
webpage. You will see the webpage shown below.
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8: Using the INP100S Network Card
6. To view power quality information, click Power Quality on the left side of the
webpage. You will see the webpage shown below
Graph
Icon
Phase
Angles
Icon
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a. To view a graphical representation of the Voltage and current magnitudes,
click the Graph icon in the corner of the Voltage/Current box. You will see
the webpage shown below.
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8: Using the INP100S Network Card
b. To view a graphical representation of the phase angles, click the Phase
Angles icon in the corner of the Phase Angles box. You will see the webpage shown below.
7. Click Power Quality on the left side of the webpage to return to the previous
webpage.
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8. To view meter information, or to upgrade the Network card’s firmware, click
Information on the left side of the webpage. You will see the webpage shown
below.
Firmware
Runtime
Version
NOTES:
• The firmware runtime version, displayed in the Run Ver field of this webpage,
determines the default password for Network card upgrading and resetting.
• Any special characters (i.e., any of the following characters * :" | \ < > ? /) used
in the meter name or any other designator string in the meter, are
displayed as '_' (underscore) in the webpage.
• In addition to information about the meter and its firmware, this webpage gives
you access to the following functions:
• Upgrading the Ethernet card’s firmware (see 8.4.2.1: Upgrading the
Ethernet Card’s Firmware on page 8 - 10).
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8: Using the INP100S Network Card
• Resetting the Ethernet card (see 8.4.2.2: Resetting the Ethernet Card on
page 8 - 12).
• Configuring Email Notification (see 8.4.2.3: Email Notification on page 8 13).
NOTE: The Shark® 270 meter’s Device Profile must be set up before configuring
keep-alive or email settings in the Network card. See Chapter 8 in the Communicator
EXTTM4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User Manual for instructions.
8.4.2.1: Upgrading the Ethernet Card’s Firmware
From one of the Shark® 200 meter’s webpages:
1. Click Information on the left side of the webpage.
2. Click Upgrade Network Card (bottom box on the right). You will see the webpage
shown below.
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NOTE: In order to upgrade the Network (Ethernet) Card, you must be using the PC
on which the upgrade file is stored.
3. Click the Browse button to locate the Upgrade file. Make sure that you select the
INP100S option card upgrade file. If you upgrade with an INP300S upgrade file, the
card will not work.
4. Enter the safety code (supplied with the Upgrade file) and the password: the
default is n3tUp!0Ad for firmware runtime version 3.35 or higher; and eignet2009
for earlier firmware runtime versions. See the note on page 8-9.
5. Click Submit. The upgrade starts immediately (it may take several minutes to
complete). Once the upgrade is complete, you will see a confirmation message.
CAUTION! Note the Warning message on the screen. If there is a power interruption during upgrade, please call EIG’s Technical Support department at 516-3340870 for assistance.
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8: Using the INP100S Network Card
8.4.2.2: Resetting the Ethernet Card
From one of the Shark® 200 meter’s webpages:
1. Click Information on the left side of the webpage.
2. Click Reset Network Card (bottom box on the right). You will see the webpage
shown below.
3. Enter the Reset password: the default is adminR35et for firmware runtime version
3.35 or later; and r2d2andc3po for earlier firmware runtime versions. See the note
on page 8-9.
4. Click Reset.
NOTE: As a result of the reset, the communication link with the card will be lost
and must be re-established.
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8.4.2.3: Email Notification
The INP100S card can be configured to send either alarm or periodic notification
emails and to send meter data along with either type of email. The Firmware version
of the Ethernet card must be 337 or higher for this feature to be available. See page
8-9 for information on finding the firmware version.
From one of the Shark® 200 meter’s webpages:
1. Click Information on the left side of the webpage.
2. Click Email Notification on the bottom right of the webpage. The first screen you
will see is Email Server, shown below.
3. This screen lets you set up the SMTP email server that the Network card will use to
send the emails.
a. Enter the url or IP address of the email server you will be using.
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8: Using the INP100S Network Card
b. Enter the Server port. Usually this is 25, but check with your system administrator in case you are using a different port.
c. If your email server requires authorization, click the checkbox next to Yes and
enter the Username and Password.
d. Click the Next button.
4. The next screen you will see is Watched Events.
This screen lets you select the conditions that will cause an alarm or notification
email to be sent, e.g, Relay Change or Unit Startup.
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a. You select an event by clicking on the button next to it:
• To select a condition that will cause a Notification email to be sent, click
once on the button next to the condition. The button will turn black.
• To select a condition that will cause an Alarm email to be sent, click twice
on the button next to the condition. The button will turn red.
• Note that when you designate a condition as an alarm, an alarm
email will be sent out within a minute after the condition occurs and a
notification email will also be sent out at the next notification period.
If you have not set up any notification emails, then only the alarm
email will be sent.
• There are some conditions which cannot be set as alarms, but only
as notifications. These conditions are Programmable Settings
Change, V-Switch Changed, and Unit Start Up.
• To de-select a condition, click on the button until it is empty, again - not
black or red.
b. You can select multiple conditions for alarms and notifications. When you are
done, click the Next button.
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8: Using the INP100S Network Card
5. The next screen you will see is Alarm Email Data.
This screen lets you designate to whom the alarm email will be sent, any data you
want sent with the email, and the format the data should be in. If you are not setting up an alarm email, just click the Next button and go to step 6.
a. Enter the email address of the person sending the email in the From field.
b. Enter the email subject line in the Subject field- the default is Alarm Email.
c. Enter the email address of the person receiving the email in the To field.
d. Enter the email address of anyone you want to receive a copy of the email in the
CC field.
e. Select any data you want included in the email from the list, by clicking on the
button next to it. Note that these values are taken about one second after the
alarm condition occurred. You can click Set All to select all of the values at one
time, or Clear All to clear all of your selections.
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f. Select the format for the data from the Send Data As field: In line Values only just in the body of the email; In line and Attached XML - in the body of the email
and in an XML file that will be attached to the email; or In Line and Attached CSV
- in the body of the email and in a .csv file that will be attached to the email.
g. Click the Next button.
6. The next screen you will see is Notification Email Data.
This screen lets you designate to whom the periodic notification email will be sent,
any data you want sent with the email, and the format the data should be in. You
will also set up the notification period, which is the amount of time between periodic notification emails. If you are not setting up a notification email, go to step h.
a. Enter the email address of the person sending the email in the From field.
b. Enter the email subject line in the Subject field- the default is Notification Email.
c. Enter the email address of the person receiving the email in the To field.
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8: Using the INP100S Network Card
d. Enter the email address of anyone you want to receive a copy of the email in the
CC field.
e. Select any data you want included in the email from the list, by clicking on the
button next to it. Note that these values are taken about one second after the
notification condition occurred. You can click Set All to select all of the values at
one time, or Clear All to clear all of your selections.
f. Select the format for the data from the Send Data As field: In line Values only just in the body of the email; In line and Attached XML - in the body of the email
and in an XML file that will be attached to the email; or In Line and Attached CSV
- in the body of the email and in a .csv file that will be attached to the email.
g. Enter the interval you want between notification emails, in minutes, in the Notification Period field. For example, to set up notification emails every 15 minutes,
enter 15 in this field. Any notification conditions that occur in the interval will be
saved and sent in the next notification email. Valid entries is in this field are
between 15 minutes and 10800 minutes (72 hours).
h. If you want a notification email sent on the scheduled interval even if there are
no values for the selected data, click the Enforced radio button to select this
option. If you want the email to be sent only if there are values for the selected
data, leave the Enforced button unselected (the default setting is unselected).
i. Enter the Password in the Change Password field. The default password is
"n07!fY" (without the quotation marks). You need to enter this password in
order to implement your selections.
10. Click Submit to save your settings. The Network card will reset. Note that any
pending emails will be canceled.
8.4.3: NTP Time Server Synchronization
The INP100S can be configured to perform time synchronization through a Network
Time Protocol (NTP) server. This feature lets you synchronize the Shark® 200 meter’s
real-time clock with this outside source. See Chapter 8 of the Communicator EXTTM
4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User Manual for configuration instructions
(configuring the Network Card section). You can view the manual online by clicking
Help>Contents from the Communicator EXTTM Main screen.
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8: Using the INP100S Network Card
NOTES:
• The SNTP/NTP client protocol used in the network card is version 4, backward compatible to version 3.
• After the meter boots up, it may take up to 20 seconds for the first time
synchronization request to be made.
8.4.4: Modbus and DNP over Ethernet
The INP100S card enables up to 12 simultaneous sockets of Modbus TCP/IP and up to
5 simultaneous sockets of DNP 3.0 over Ethernet. This means that multiple users can
poll the meter using Modbus and/or DNP at the same time. For configuration instructions, refer to the Network card settings section of Chapter 8 in the Communicator
EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User Manual.
Using DNP over Ethernet you can control Relay outputs and Status inputs, if you also
have a Relay Output/Status Input Option card installed in your meter.
8.4.5: Keep-Alive Feature
The INP100S and INP300S Network option cards support user configurable Keep-Alive
timing settings. The Keep-Alive feature is used by the TCP/IP layer for detecting
broken connections. Once detected, the connection is closed in the Network card, and
the server port is freed. This prevents the card from running out of server connections
due to invalid links.
The Keep-Alive settings can be configured differently for each protocol group: Modbus
TCP/IP, DNP over Ethernet, IEC61850, and others.
WARNING! Only modify these settings if you are knowledgeable about them, since
setting them incorrectly can lead to unstable connections.
To access the Keep-Alive setting screen, key the following into your web browser’s
address bar:
http://xx.xx.xx.xx/sys/setup_keepalive_ssi.htm
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8: Using the INP100S Network Card
, where xx.xx.xx.xx is your INP100S card’s IP address. You will see the screen shown
below.
• You can click on the On button to turn off the keep-alive feature for a protocol The
button will turn red and say Off.
• For each protocol, you can enter a keep-alive time and interval in seconds.
• For each protocol, you can enter the number of retries, in the event of communication failure, before the communication socket is closed.
• Enter the password (the default is [email protected]).
• Click Submit to implement your entries; click Restore to change back to previous
settings; click Default to revert to the default system settings.
IMPORTANT! You should not make changes to the settings unless you are sure of
what you are doing, since even small changes to the values on this screen can render
the network connection unstable. EIG is not responsible for instability of the network
link when values other than the default are set.
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9: Data Logging
9: Data Logging
9.1: Overview
Optional V-Switch™ keys 2-6 (V-2 - V-6) give the Shark® 200 meter additional memory for extensive data logging. The Shark® 200 meter can log historical trends, limit
alarms, I/O changes, sequence of events, and waveforms (V-5 and V-6 only). In addition, the meter has a real-time clock that allows all events to be time-stamped when
they occur.
9.2: Available Logs
The following logs are available for a Shark® 200 meter equipped with V-2 - V-4.
These meters have 2 MegaBytes of flash memory for data logging.
• Historical logs: The Shark® 200 meter has three Historical logs. Each log can be
independently programmed with individual trending profiles, that is, each can be
used to measure different values. You can program up to 64 parameters per log.
You also have the ability to allocate available system resources between the three
logs, to increase or decrease the size of the individual historical logs. See Chapter 8
(Configuring Historical Logs and Allocating Historical Log Sectors sections) and
Chapter 19 (Viewing Historical Logs and Snapshots section) of the Communicator
EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User Manual for additional information
and instructions.
• Limit/Alarm log: This log provides the magnitude and duration of events that fall
outside of configured acceptable limits. Time stamps and alarm value are provided
in the log. Up to 2,048 events can be logged. See Chapter 8 (Configuring Limits
section) and Chapter 19 (Viewing the Limits Log section) of the Communicator
EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User Manual for additional information
and instructions.
• I/O Change log: This log is unique to the Shark® 200 meter. The I/O Change Log
provides a time-stamped record of any Relay Output/Digital Input or Pulse Output/
Digital Input card output or input status changes. Up to 2,048 events can be
logged. Refer to Chapter 8 (Configuring Shark® 200 Meter Option Cards section)
and Chapter 19 (Status Change Log section) of the Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and
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9: Data Logging
MeterManager EXT Software User Manual for additional information and instructions.
• System Events log: In order to protect critical billing information, the Shark® 200
meter records and logs the following information with a timestamp:
• Demand resets
• Password requests
• System startup
• Energy resets
• Log resets
• Log reads
• Programmable settings changes
• Critical data repairs
A Shark® 200 meter equipped with V-5 and V-6 has additional memory for data logging: V-5 gives the meter 3 Megabytes of Flash memory, and V-6 gives the meter 4
MegaBytes of Flash memory. These meters also have waveform recording capabilities,
and the following additional log:
• Waveform log: This event-triggered log records a waveform when a userprogrammed value goes out of limit and when the value returns to normal.
All of the Shark® 200 meter logs can be viewed through the EIG Log Viewer. Refer to
Chapter 19 of the Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User
Manual for additional information and instructions regarding logs and the Log Viewer.
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A: Shark® 200 Meter Navigation Maps
A: Shark® 200 Meter Navigation Maps
A.1: Introduction
You can configure the Shark® 200 meter and perform related tasks using the buttons
on the meter face. Chapter 6 contains a description of the buttons on the meter face
and instructions for programming the meter using them. The meter can also be programmed using software (see Chapter 5 and the Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User Manual).
A.2: Navigation Maps (Sheets 1 to 4)
The Shark® 200 meter’s Navigation maps begin on the next page. The maps show in
detail how to move from one screen to another and from one Display mode to another
using the buttons on the face of the meter. All Display modes automatically return to
Operating mode after 10 minutes with no user activity.
Shark® 200 Meter Navigation Map Titles:
• Main Menu screens (Sheet 1)
• Operating mode screens (Sheets 2)
• Reset mode screens (Sheet 3)
• Configuration mode screens (Sheet 4)
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A: Shark® 200 Meter Navigation Maps
Main Menu Screens (Sheet 1)
STARTUP
sequence run once at meter startup:
2 lamp test screens, hardware information
screen, firmware version screen,
(conditional) error screens
10 minutes with no user activity
sequence completed
MENU
MAIN MENU:
OPR (blinking)
RSTD
RSTE
OPERATING MODE
ENTER
DOWN
RESET DEMAND MODE
ENTER
DOWN
DOWN
10 minutes
with no
user activity
MENU
MAIN MENU:
RSTD (blinking)
RSTE
CFG
sequence
completed
grid of meter data screens.
See sheets 2 & 3
sequence of screens to get password, if
required, and reset max/min data.
See sheet 4
MENU
MAIN MENU:
RSTE (blinking)
CFG
INFO
RESET ENERGY MODE
ENTER
DOWN
sequence of screens to get password, if
required, and reset energy accumulators.
See sheet 4
Reset Energy Mode is not
available for SHVA120,
SHAA5, or SHWA300.
MENU
MAIN MENU:
CFG (blinking)
INFO
OPR
CONFIGURATION MODE
ENTER
DOWN
grid of meter settings screens with
password-protected edit capability.
See sheet 5
Configuration Mode is not
available during a
Programmable Settings
update via a COM port.
MENU
MAIN MENU:
INFO (blinking)
OPR
RSTD
INFORMATION
ENTER
sequence of screens to show model
information, same as STARTUP except
lamp tests omitted.
MAIN MENU Screen
MAIN MENU screen scrolls through 5 choices,
showing 3 at a time. The top choice is always the
"active" one, which is indicated by blinking the legend.
SYMBOLS
BUTTONS
MENU
Returns to previous menu from any screen in any mode
ENTER
Indicates acceptance of the current screen and advances to the
next one
DOWN, RIGHT
Navigation:
Navigation and edit buttons
No digits or legends are blinking. On a menu, down advances
to the next menu selection, right does nothing. In a grid of
screens, down advances to the next row, right advances to the
next column. Rows, columns, and menus all navigate circularly.
A digit or legend is blinking to indicate that it is eligible for
change. When a digit is blinking, down increases the digit
value, right moves to the next digit. When a legend is blinking,
either button advances to the next choice legend.
single screen
all screens
for a display
mode
group of
screens
Editing:
action taken
button
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A: Shark® 200 Meter Navigation Maps
Operating Mode Screens (Sheet 2)
RIGHT
VOLTS_LN
RIGHT
VOLTS_LN_MA
X
DOWN2
RIGHT
See Notes 1 & 3
VOLTS_LN_MIN
See Notes 1 & 3
RIGHT
VOLTS_LN_THD
Yellow is
V-switches 1-3
DOWN2
(from any VOLTS_LN screen)
RIGHT
VOLTS_LL
RIGHT
VOLTS_LL_MAX
RIGHT
See Note 1
See Notes 1 & 5
Blue is
V-switch 3 only
VOLTS_LL_MIN
RIGHT
VOLTS_LL_THD
DOWN2
(from any VOLTS_LL screen)
See Note 1
RIGHT
AMPS
RIGHT
IN
RIGHT
DOWN2
AMPS_MAX
RIGHT
AMPS_MIN
See Note 1
RIGHT
AMPS_THD
DOWN2
(from any AMPS screen)
See Note 1
RIGHT
W_VAR_PF
RIGHT
W_VAR_PF
_MAX_POS
RIGHT
W_VAR_PF
_MIN_POS
RIGHT
W_VAR_PF
_MAX_NEG
RIGHT
W_VAR_PF
_MIN_NEG
DOWN2
DOWN2
(from any W_VAR_PF screen)
See Note 1
RIGHT
VA_FREQ
RIGHT
VA_FREQ_MAX
RIGHT
VA_FREQ_MIN
DOWN2
(from any VA_FREQ screen)
See Note 1
RIGHT
KWH_REC
RIGHT
KWH_DEL
RIGHT
KWH_NET
RIGHT
KWH_TOT
DOWN2
(from any KWH screen)
See Note 1
RIGHT
KVARH_POS
RIGHT
KVARH_NEG
RIGHT
KVARH_NET
RIGHT
KVARH_TOT
DOWN2
(from any KVARH screen)
See Note 1
KVAH
MENU
(from any
operating mode
screen)
Notes
1 Group is skipped if not applicable to the meter type or hookup or if explicitly disabled via
programmable settings.
2 DOWN occurs without user intervention every 7 seconds if scrolling is enabled.
3 No Volts LN screens for Delta 2CT hookup.
4 Scrolling is suspended for 3 minutes after any button press.
5 Volts_LL_THD screen is for Delta 2CT hookup only.
to Main Menu
see sheet 1
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A: Shark® 200 Meter Navigation Maps
Reset Mode Screens (Sheet 3)
from MAIN MENU
from MAIN MENU
(RSTD selected)
(RSTE selected)
This path not available for
SHVA120, SHAA5, SHWA300
RESET_ENERGY_NO:
RST
ENER
no (blinking)
ENTER
RESET_MM_NO:
RST
DMD
no (blinking)
RIGHT
RIGHT
RIGHT
RESET_ENERGY_YES:
RST
ENER
yes (blinking)
RIGHT
RESET_MM_YES:
RST
DMD
yes (blinking)
ENTER
ENTER
is password required?
is password required?
yes
yes
increment
blinking digit
DOWN
energy
no
RESET_ENTER_PW:
PASS
#### (one # blinking)
make next digit
blink
RIGHT
demand
no
ENTER
is password
correct?
ENTER
yes
reset all max &
min values
reset all max &
min values
energy
which reset?
demand
which reset?
RESET_MM_CONFIRM:
RST
DMD
DONE
no
2 sec
RESET_PW_FAIL:
PASS
####
FAIL
RESET_ENERGY_CONFIRM:
RST
ENER
DONE
2 sec.
2 sec.
to previous operating
mode screen
see sheet 2
to previous operating
mode screen
see sheet 2 or 3
MENU
(from any
reset mode
screen)
to Main Menu
see sheet 1
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A: Shark® 200 Meter Navigation Maps
Configuration Mode Screens (Sheet 4)
See Note 1
CONFIG_MENU:
SCRL (blinking)
CT
PT
ENTER
DOWN
DOWN or
RIGHT3
toggle
scroll
setting
ENTER
MENU
CONFIG_MENU:
CT (blinking)
PT
CNCT
DOWN
SCROLL_EDIT:
SCRL
yes or no
(choice blinking if edit)
ENTER
ENTER
ENTER
CTN_EDIT:
DOWN
increment
blinking
digit
MENU
CONFIG_MENU:
PT (blinking)
CNCT
PORT
CT-N
####
(one # blinking if edit)
CTD_SHOW:
CT-D
1 or 5
RIGHT
blink
next
digit
ENTER
DOWN
increment
blinking
digit
MENU
ENTER
PTD_EDIT:
PT-N
####
(one # blinking if edit)
RIGHT
blink
next
digit
DOWN
increment
blinking
digit
PT-D
####
(one # blinking if edit)
RIGHT
blink
next
digit
PT_MULT_EDIT:
PT-S
1 or 10 or 100 or 1000
(choice blinking if edit)
DOWN or
RIGHT
show
next
choice
DOWN
MENU
CONFIG_MENU:
CNCT (blinking)
PORT
PASS2
DOWN
CONNECT_EDIT:
CNCT
1 of 3 choices
(choice blinking if edit)
ENTER
MENU2
CONFIG_MENU:
PASS2 (blinking)
SCRL
CT
DOWN
increment
blinking
digit
ADDRESS_EDIT:
ADR
###
(one # blinking if edit)
DOWN
increment
blinking
digit
RIGHT
blink
next
digit
yes
MENU
see sheet 1
PROTOCOL_EDIT:
PROT
1 of 3 choices
(choice blinking if edit)
DOWN or
RIGHT
show
next
choice
ENTER2
PASSWORD_EDIT:
PASS
#### (one # blinking)
RIGHT
blink
next
digit
SAVE_YES:
STOR
ALL?
yes (blinking)
ENTER
first DOWN or RIGHT in view
access (if password required)
RIGHT RIGHT
save new
configuration
SAVE_NO:
STOR
ALL?
no (blinking)
DOWN
CFG_ENTER_PW:
PASS
### (one # blinking)
increment
blinking
digit
reboot
ENTER
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See Note 1
RIGHT
yes
blink
next
digit
ENTER
SAVE_CONFIRM:
STOR
ALL
DONE
2 sec.
MENU
DOWN or
RIGHT
show
next
choice
PROT choices:
MOD RTU,
MOD ASCI,
DNP
Notes:
1. Initial access is view-only. View access shows the existing settings. At the
first attempt to change a setting (DOWN or RIGHT pressed), password is
requested (if enabled) and access changes to edit. Edit access blinks the digit
or list choice eligible for change and lights the PRG LED.
2. Skip over password edit screen and menu selection if access is view-only
or if password is disabled.
3. Scroll setting may be changed with view or edit access.
4. ENTER accepts an edit; MENU abandons it.
MENU
(per row of the originating screen)
MENU
to Main Menu
ENTER
BAUD_EDIT:
BAUD
##.#
(choice blinking if edit)
ENTER
CONFIG_MENU screen
scrolls through 6 choices,
showing 3 at a time. The
top choice is always the
"active" one, indicated by
blinking the legend.
no
ENTER
ENTER
2
any changes?
CNCT choices:
3 EL WYE,
2 CT DEL,
2.5EL WYE
DOWN or
RIGHT
show
next
choice
MENU
CONFIG_MENU:
PORT (blinking)
PASS2
SCRL
DOWN
ENTER
ENTER
ENTER
DOWN or
RIGHT
show
next
choice
ENTER
ENTER
PTN_EDIT:
DOWN
CT_MULT_EDIT:
CT-S
1 or 10 or 100
(choice blinking if edit)
is password
correct?
no
to the originating
EDIT screen
to previous operating
mode screen
see sheet 2 or 3
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A: Shark® 200 Meter Navigation Maps
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
B.1: Introduction
The Modbus Map for the Shark® 200 meter gives details and information about the
possible readings of the meter and its programming. The Shark® 200 meter can be
programmed using the buttons on the face of the meter (Chapter 6), or by using
software. For a programming overview, see 5.2: Shark® 200T Transducer Communication and Programming Overview on page 5-7. For further details see the Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User Manual.
B.2: Modbus Register Map Sections
The Shark® 200 meter's Modbus Register map includes the following sections:
Fixed Data Section, Registers 1- 47, details the meter's Fixed Information.
Meter Data Section, Registers 1000 - 12031, details the meter's Readings, including
Primary Readings, Energy Block, Demand Block, Phase Angle Block, Status Block,
THD Block, Minimum and Maximum in Regular and Time Stamp Blocks, Option Card
Blocks, and Accumulators. Operating mode readings are described in Section 6.2.6.
Commands Section, Registers 20000 - 26011, details the meter's Resets Block,
Programming Block, Other Commands Block and Encryption Block.
Programmable Settings Section, Registers 30000 - 33575, details all the setups you
can program to configure your meter.
Secondary Readings Section, Registers 40001 - 40100, details the meter's Secondary
Readings.
Log Retrieval Section, Registers 49997 - 51127, details log and retrieval. See B.5:
Retrieving Logs Using the Shark® 200 Meter's Modbus Map on page B-3.
B.3: Data Formats
ASCII:
ASCII characters packed 2 per register in high,
low order and without any termination characters
SINT16/UINT16:
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
SINT32/UINT32:
32-bit signed/unsigned integer spanning 2
registers - the lower-addressed register is the
high order half
FLOAT:
32-bit IEEE floating point number spanning 2
registers - the lower-addressed register is the
high order half (i.e., contains the exponent)
B.4: Floating Point Values
Floating Point Values are represented in the following format:
Register
0
Byte
1
0
1
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
Meaning
s
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m
exponent
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
5
1
Bit
sign
5
0
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
mantissa
The formula to interpret a Floating Point Value is:
-1sign x 2 exponent-127 x 1.mantissa = 0x0C4E11DB9
-1sign x 2 137-127 x 1· 1000010001110110111001
-1 x 210 x 1.75871956
-1800.929
Register
0x0C4E1
Byte
0x01DB9
0x0C4
Bit
Meaning
0x01D
0x0B9v
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
s
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e
m m m m m m m
m
m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m
sign
1
0x0E1
exponent
mantissa
0x089 + 137
0b011000010001110110111001
Formula Explanation:
C4E11DB9 (hex)
11000100 11100001 00011101 10111001
(binary)
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
The sign of the mantissa (and therefore the number) is 1, which represents a
negative value.
The Exponent is 10001001 (binary) or 137 decimal.
The Exponent is a value in excess 127. So, the Exponent value is 10.
The Mantissa is 11000010001110110111001 binary.
With the implied leading 1, the Mantissa is (1).611DB9 (hex).
The Floating Point Representation is therefore -1.75871956 times 2 to the 10.
Decimal equivalent: -1800.929
NOTES:
• Exponent = the whole number before the decimal point.
• Mantissa = the positive fraction after the decimal point.
B.5: Retrieving Logs Using the Shark® 200 Meter's Modbus Map
This section describes the log interface system of the Shark® 200 meter from a
programming point of view. It is intended for programmers implementing independent drivers for log retrieval from the meter. It describes the meaning of the meter's
Modbus Registers related to log retrieval and conversion, and details the procedure
for retrieving a log's records.
NOTES:
• All references assume the use of Modbus function codes 0x03, 0x06, and 0x10,
where each register is a 2 byte MSB (Most Significant Byte) word, except where
otherwise noted.
• The carat symbol (^) notation is used to indicate mathematical "power." For example, 2^8 means 28; which is 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2, which equals 256.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
B.5.1: Data Formats
Time stamp: Stores a date from 2000 to 2099. Time stamp has a Minimum resolution
of 1 second.
Byte
0
1
2
3
4
5
Value
Year
Month
Day
Hour
Minute
Second
Range
0-99 (+2000)
1-12
1-31
0-23
0-59
0-59
Mask
0x7F
0x0F
0x1F
0x1F
0x3F
0x3F
The high bits of each time stamp byte are used as flags to record meter state
information at the time of the time stamp. These bits should be masked out, unless
needed.
B.5.2: Shark® 200 Meter Logs
The Shark® 200 meter has 7 logs: System Event, Alarm (Limits), 3 Historical, I/O
Change, and Waveform. Each log is described below.
1. System Event (0): The System Event log is used to store events which happen in,
and to, the meter. Events include Startup, Reset Commands, Log Retrievals, etc.
The System Event Log Record takes 20 bytes, 14 bytes of which are available when
the log is retrieved.
Byte
0
1
2
Value
timestamp
3
4
5
6
7
8
Group
Event
Mod
9
Chan
10
11
12
13
Param1
Param2
Param3
Param4
NOTE: The complete Systems Events table is shown in Section B.5.5, step 1, on page
B-30.
2. Alarm Log (1): The Alarm Log records the states of the 8 Limits programmed in
the meter.
• Whenever a limit goes out (above or below), a record is stored with the value
that caused the limit to go out.
• Whenever a limit returns within limit, a record is stored with the "most out of
limit" value for that limit while it was out of limit.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
The Alarm Log Record uses 16 bytes, 10 bytes of which are available when the log is
retrieved.
Byte
0
1
2
Value
timestamp
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
direction
limit#
Value%
The limit # byte is broken into a type and an ID.
Bit
0
1
Value
type
0
2
3
0
0
4
5
6
7
0
Limit ID
3. Historical Log 1 (2): The Historical Log records the values of its assigned registers at the programmed interval.
NOTE: See Section B.5.3, Number 1, for details on programming and interpreting the
log.
Byte
0
1
2
Value
timestamp
3
4
5
6
-
-
N
values . . .
4. Historical Log 2 (3): Same as Historical Log 1.
5. Historical Log 3 (4): Same as Historical Log 1.
6. I/O Change Log (5): The I/O Change Log records changes in the input and output of Digital I/O Type Option Cards (Relay and Pulse).
I/O Change Log tables:
Table 1:
Byte
0
1
2
Value
Timestamp
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Card 1 Changes
Card 1 States
Card 2 Changes
Card 2 States
Card Change Flags:
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Value
Out 4
Change
Out 3
Change
Out 2
Change
Out 1
Change
In 4
Change
In 3
Change
In 2
Change
In 1
Change
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Card Current States:
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Value
Out 4
State
Out 3
State
Out 2
State
Out 1
State
In 4
State
In 3
State
In 2
State
In 1
State
7. PQ Event Log (10): The Power Quality Event log records the information regarding Shark® 200 meter trigger conditions, including the cause of the trigger, conditions at the time of the trigger, and duration of the event.
8. Waveform Log (11): The waveform log records the waveform samples of a
capture, along with information about the capture. Due to the large amount of
data involved in a waveform capture (approximately 24kb), a single waveform
capture is split over 26 log records. All 26 of these records must be retrieved to
build up the single capture. Every waveform record contains a: record header, capture number, record number and record payload.
B.5.3: Block Definitions
This section describes the Modbus Registers involved in retrieving and interpreting a
Shark® 200 Meter Log. Other sections refer to certain 'values' contained in this section. See the corresponding value in this section for details.
NOTES:
• “Register” is the Modbus Register Address in 0-based Hexadecimal notation. To
convert it to 1-based decimal notation, convert from hex16 to decimal10 and add
1. For example: 0x03E7 = 1000.
• “Size” is the number of Modbus Registers (2 byte) in a block of data.
Historical Log Programmable Settings:
The Historical Logs are programmed using a list of Modbus Registers that will be copied into the Historical Log record. In other words, Historical Log uses a direct copy of
the Modbus Registers to control what is recorded at the time of record capture.
To supplement this, the programmable settings for the Historical Logs contain a list of
descriptors, which group registers into items. Each item descriptor lists the data type
of the item, and the number of bytes for that item. By combining these two lists, the
Historical Log record can be interpreted.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
For example: Registers 0x03E7 and 0x03E8 are programmed to be recorded by the
historical log. The matching descriptor gives the data type as float, and the size as 4
bytes. These registers program the log to record "Primary Readings Volts A-N."
Historical Log Blocks:
Start Register:
0x7917 (Historical Log 1)
0x79D7 (Historical Log 2)
0x7A97 (Historical Log 3)
Block Size:
192 registers per log (384 bytes)
The Historical Log programmable settings are comprised of 3 blocks, one for each log.
Each is identical to the others, so only Historical Log 1 is described here. All register
addresses in this section are given as the Historical Log 1 address (0x7917).
Each Historical Log Block is composed of 3 sections: The header, the list of registers to
log, and the list of item descriptors.
Header:
Registers:
0x7917 - 0x7918
Size:
2 registers
Byte
0
1
Value
# Registers
# Sectors
2
3
Interval
• # Registers: The number of registers to log in the record. The size of the record in
memory is [12 + (# Registers x 2)]. The size during normal log retrieval is [6 + (#
Registers x 2)]. If this value is 0, the log is disabled. Valid values are {0-117}.
• # Sectors: The number of Flash Sectors allocated to this log. Each sector is 64kb,
minus a sector header of 20 bytes. 15 sectors are available for allocation between
Historical Logs 1, 2, and 3. The sum of all Historical Logs may be less than 15. If
this value is 0, the log is disabled. Valid values are {0-15}.
• Interval: The interval at which the Historical Log's Records are captured. This value
is an enumeration:
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
0x01
1 minute
0x02
3 minute
0x04
5 minute
0x08
10 minute
0x10
15 minute
0x20
30 minute
0x40
60 minute
0x80
End of Interval (EOI) Pulse*
* Setting the interval to EOI causes a record to be logged whenever an EOI pulse
event is generated. This is most commonly used in conjunction with the Digital
I/O Option Cards.
NOTE: The interval between records will not be even (fixed), and thus should not
be used with programs that expect a fixed interval.
Register List:
Registers:
0x7919 - 0x798D
Size:
1 register per list item, 117 list items
The Register List controls what Modbus Registers are recorded in each record of the
Historical Log. Since many items, such as Voltage, Energy, etc., take up more than 1
register, multiple registers need to be listed to record those items.
For example: Registers 0x03E7 and 0x03E8 are programmed to be recorded by the
historical log. These registers program the log to record "Primary Readings Volts A-N."
• Each unused register item should be set to 0x0000 or 0xFFFF to indicate that it
should be ignored.
• The actual size of the record, and the number of items in the register list which are
used, is determined by the # registers in the header.
• Each register item is the Modbus Address in the range of 0x0000 to 0xFFFF.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Item Descriptor List:
Registers:
0x798E - 0x79C8
Size:
1 byte per item, 117 bytes (59 registers)
While the Register List describes what to log, the Item Descriptor List describes how
to interpret that information. Each descriptor describes a group of register items, and
what they mean.
Each descriptor is composed of 2 parts:
• Type: The data type of this descriptor, such as signed integer, IEEE floating point,
etc. This is the high nibble of the descriptor byte, with a value in the range of 0-14.
If this value is 0xFF, the descriptor should be ignored.
0
ASCII: An ASCII string, or byte array
1
Bitmap: A collection of bit flags
2
Signed Integer: A 2's Complement integer
3
Float: An IEEE floating point
4
Energy: Special Signed Integer, where the value
is adjusted by the energy settings in the meter's
Programmable Settings.
5
Unsigned Integer
6
Signed Integer 0.1 scale: Special Signed Integer,
where the value is divided by 10 to give a 0.1
scale.
7-14
Unused
15
Disabled: used as end list marker.
• Size: The size in bytes of the item described. This number is used to determine the
pairing of descriptors with register items.
For example: If the first descriptor is 4 bytes, and the second descriptor is 2 bytes,
then the first 2 register items belong to the 1st descriptor, and the 3rd register item
belongs to the 2nd descriptor.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
NOTE: As can be seen from the example, above, there is not a 1-to-1 relation
between the register list and the descriptor list. A single descriptor may refer to
multiple register items.
Register Items
Descriptors
0x03C7/
0x03C8
Float, 4 byte
0x1234
Signed Int, 2 byte
NOTE: The sum of all descriptor sizes must equal the number of bytes in the data
portion of the Historical Log record.
Log Status Block:
The Log Status Block describes the current status of the log in question. There is one
header block for each of the logs. Each log's header has the following base address:
Log
Base Address
Alarms:
0xC737
System:
0xC747
Historical 1:
0xC757
Historical 2:
0xC767
Historical 3:
0xC777
I/O Change:
0xC787
PQ Event:
0xC797
Waveform:
0xC7A7
Bytes
Value
Type
Range
# Bytes
0-3
Max Records
UINT32
0 to 4,294,967,294
4
4-7
Number of Records Used
UINT32
1 to 4,294,967,294
4
8-9
Record Size in Bytes
UINT16
4 to 250
2
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
10-11
Log Availability
UINT16
2
12-17
Timestamp, First Record
TSTAMP
1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
6
18-23
Timestamp, Last Record
TSTAMP
1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
6
24-31
Reserved
8
• Max Records: The maximum number of records the log can hold given the record
size, and sector allocation. The data type is an unsigned integer from 0 - 2^32.
• Records Used: The number of records stored in the log. This number will equal the
Max Records when the log has filled. This value will be set to 1 when the log is
reset. The data type is an unsigned integer from 1 - 2^32.
NOTE: The first record in every log before it has rolled over is a "dummy" record,
filled with all 0xFF's. When the log is filled and rolls over, this record is overwritten.
• Record Size: The number of bytes in this record, including the timestamp. The data
type is an unsigned integer in the range of 14 - 242.
• Log Availability: A flag indicating if the log is available for retrieval, or if it is in use
by another port.
0
Log Available for retrieval
1
In use by COM1 (IrDA)
2
In use by COM2 (RS485)
3
In use by COM3 (Option Card 1)
4
In use by COM4 (Option Card 2)
0xFFFF
Log Not Available - the log cannot be retrieved.
This indicates that the log is disabled.
NOTE: To query the port by which you are currently connected, use the Port ID
register:
Register:
0x1193
Size:
1 register
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Description: A value from 1-4, which enumerates the port that the requestor is
currently connected on.
NOTES:
• When Log Retrieval is engaged, the Log Availability value will be set to the port
that engaged the log. The Log Availability value will stay the same until either
the log has been disengaged, or 5 minutes have passed with no activity. It will
then reset to 0 (available).
• Each log can only be retrieved by one port at a time.
• Only one log at a time can be retrieved.
• First Timestamp: Timestamp of the oldest record.
• Last Timestamp: Timestamp of the newest record.
Log Retrieval Block:
The Log Retrieval Block is the main interface for retrieving logs. It is comprised of 2
parts: the header and the window. The header is used to program the particular data
the meter presents when a log window is requested. The window is a sliding block of
data that can be used to access any record in the specified log.
Session Com Port: The Shark® 200 meter's Com Port which is currently retrieving
logs. Only one Com Port can retrieve logs at any one time.
Registers:
0xC34E - 0xC34E
Size:
1 register
0
No Session Active
1
COM1 (IrDA)
2
COM2 (RS-485)
3
COM3 (Communications Capable Option Card 1)
4
COM4 (Communications Capable Option Card 2)
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
To get the current Com Port, see the NOTE on querying the port, on the previous
page.
Log Retrieval Header:
The Log Retrieval Header is used to program the log to be retrieved, the record(s) of
that log to be accessed, and other settings concerning the log retrieval.
Registers:
0xC34F - 0xC350
Size:
2 registers
Bytes
Value
Type
Format
Description
# Bytes
0-1
Log Number,
Enable,
Scope
UINT16
nnnnnnnn esssssss
nnnnnnnn log to
retrieve,
e - retrieval
session
enable
sssssss retrieval
mode
2
2-3
Records per
Window,
Number of
Repeats
UINT16
wwwwwwww nnnnnnnn
wwwwwwww records per
window,
nnnnnnnn repeat count
2
• Log Number: The log to be retrieved. Write this value to set which log is being
retrieved.
0
System Events
1
Alarms
2
Historical Log 1
3
Historical Log 2
4
Historical Log 3
5
I/O Change Log
10
PQ Event Log
11
Waveform Log
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
• Enable: This value sets if a log retrieval session is engaged (locked for retrieval) or
disengaged (unlocked, read for another to engage). Write this value with 1(enable)
to begin log retrieval. Write this value with 0(disable) to end log retrieval.
0
Disable
1
Enable
• Scope: Sets the amount of data to be retrieved for each record. The default should
be 0 (normal).
0
Normal
1
Timestamp Only
2
Image
• Normal [0]: The default record. Contains a 6-byte timestamp at the beginning,
then N data bytes for the record data.
• Timestamp [1]: The record only contains the 6-byte timestamp. This is most
useful to determine a range of available data for non-interval based logs, such
as Alarms and System Events.
• Image [2]: The full record, as it is stored in memory. Contains a 2-byte checksum, 4-byte sequence number, 6-byte timestamp, and then N data bytes for the
record data.
• Records Per Window: The number of records that fit evenly into a window. This
value is set-able, as less than a full window may be used. This number tells the
retrieving program how many records to expect to find in the window.
NOTE: This must be set to 1 for waveform retrieval.
(RecPerWindow x RecSize) = #bytes used in the window.
This value should be ((123 x 2) \ recSize), rounded down.
For example, with a record size of 30, the RecPerWindow = ((123 x 2) \ 30) = 8.2
~= 8
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
• Number of Repeats: Specifies the number of repeats to use for the Modbus Function Code 0x23 (35). Since the meter must pre-build the response to each log window request, this value must be set once, and each request must use the same
repeat count. Upon reading the last register in the specified window, the record
index will increment by the number of repeats, if auto-increment is enabled. Section B.5.4.2 has additional information on Function Code 0x23.
NOTE: This must be set to 4 for waveform retrieval.
0
Disables auto-increment
1
No Repeat count, each request will only get 1
window.
2-8
2-8 windows returned for each Function Code
0x23 request.
Bytes
Value
Type
Format
Description
# Bytes
0-3
Offset of
First Record
in Window
UINT32
ssssssss nnnnnnnn nnnnnnnn nnnnnnnn
ssssssss window status nn…nn 24-bit record
index number.
4
4-249
Log Retrieve
Window
UINT16
246
Log Retrieval Window Block:
The Log Retrieval Window block is used to program the data you want to retrieve from
the log. It also provides the interface used to retrieve that data.
Registers:
0xC351 - 0xC3CD
Size:
125 registers
• Window Status: The status of the current window. Since the time to prepare a window may exceed an acceptable Modbus delay (1 second), this acts as a state flag,
signifying when the window is ready for retrieval. When this value indicates that
the window is not ready, the data in the window should be ignored. Window Status
is Read-only, any writes are ignored.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
0
Window is Ready
0xFF
Window is Not Ready
• Record Number: The record number of the first record in the data window. Setting
this value controls which records will be available in the data window.
• When the log is engaged, the first (oldest) record is "latched." This means that
record number 0 will always point to the oldest record at the time of latching,
until the log is disengaged (unlocked).
• To retrieve the entire log using auto-increment, set this value to 0, and retrieve
the window repeatedly, until all records have been retrieved.
NOTES:
• When auto-increment is enabled, this value will automatically increment
so that the window will "page" through the records, increasing by
RecordsPerWindow each time that the last register in the window is read.
• When auto-increment is not enabled, this value must be written-to
manually, for each window to be retrieved.
• Log Retrieval Data Window: The actual data of the records, arranged according to
the above settings.
B.5.4: Log Retrieval
Log Retrieval is accomplished in 3 basic steps:
1. Engage the log.
2. Retrieve each of the records.
3. Disengage the log.
B.5.4.1: Auto-Increment
In EIG's traditional Modbus retrieval system, you write the index of the block of data
to retrieve, then read that data from a buffer (window). To improve the speed of
retrieval, the index can be automatically incremented each time the buffer is read.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
In the Shark® 200 meter, when the last register in the data window is read, the
record index is incremented by the Records per Window.
B.5.4.2: Modbus Function Code 0x23
QUERY
Field Name
Example (Hex)
Slave Address
01
Function
23
Starting Address Hi
C3
Starting Address Lo
51
# Points Hi
00
# Points Lo
7D
Repeat Count
04
RESPONSE
Field Name
Example (Hex)
Slave Address
01
Function
23
# Bytes Hi
03
# Bytes Lo
E0
Data
...
Function Code 0x23 is a user defined Modbus function code, which has a format similar to Function Code 0x03, except for the inclusion of a "repeat count." The repeat
count (RC) is used to indicate that the same N registers should be read RC number of
times. (See the Number of Repeats bullet on page B-14.)
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
NOTES:
• By itself this feature would not provide any advantage, as the same data will be
returned RC times. However, when used with auto-incrementing, this function condenses up to 8 requests into 1 request, which decreases communication time, as
fewer transactions are being made.
• Keep in mind that the contents of the response data is the block of data you
requested, repeated N times. For example, when retrieving log windows, you
normally request both the window index, and the window data. This means that the
first couple of bytes of every repeated block will contain the index of that
window.
• In the Shark® 200 meter repeat counts are limited to 8 times for Modbus RTU, and
4 times for Modbus ASCII.
The response for Function Code 0x23 is the same as for Function Code 0x03, with the
data blocks in sequence.
IMPORTANT! Before using function code 0x23, always check to see if the current
connection supports it. Some relay devices do not support user defined function
codes; if that is the case, the message will stall. Other devices don't support 8 repeat
counts.
B.5.4.3: Log Retrieval Procedure
The following procedure documents how to retrieve a single log from the oldest record
to the newest record, using the "normal" record type (see Scope). All logs are
retrieved using the same method. See B.5.4.4: Log Retrieval Example on page B-21.
NOTES:
• This example uses auto-increment.
• In this example, Function Code 0x23 is not used.
• You will find referenced topics in Section B.5.3. Block Definitions.
• Modbus Register numbers are listed in brackets.
1. Engage the Log:
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
a. Read the Log Status Block.
i.. Read the contents of the specific logs' status block [0xC737+, 16
reg] (see Log Headers).
ii. Store the # of Records Used, the Record Size, and the Log Availability.
iii. If the Log Availability is not 0, stop Log Retrieval; this log is not
available at this time. If Log Availability is 0, proceed to step 1b
(Engage the log).
This step is done to ensure that the log is available for retrieval, as well as
retrieving information for later use.
b. Engage the log: write log to engage to Log Number, 1 to Enable, and the desired
mode to Scope (default 0 (Normal)) [0xC34F, 1 reg]. This is best done as a
single-register write.
This step will latch the first (oldest) record to index 0, and lock the log so that
only this port can retrieve the log, until it is disengaged.
c. Verify the log is engaged: read the contents of the specific logs' status block
[0xC737+, 16 reg] again to see if the log is engaged for the current port (see
Log Availability). If the Log is not engaged for the current port, repeat step 1b
(Engage the log).
d. Write the retrieval information.
i. Compute the number of records per window, as follows:
RecordsPerWindow = (246 \ RecordSize)
• If using 0x23, set the repeat count to 2-8. Otherwise, set it to 1.
• Since we are starting from the beginning for retrieval, the first
record index is 0.
ii. Write the Records per window, the Number of repeats (1), and
Record Index (0) [0xC350, 3 reg].
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
This step tells the Shark® 200 meter what data to return in the window.
2. Retrieve the records:
a. Read the record index and window: read the record index, and the data window
[0xC351, 125 reg].
• If the meter Returns a Slave Busy Exception, repeat the request.
• If the Window Status is 0xFF, repeat the request.
• If the Window Status is 0, go to step 2b (Verify record index).
NOTES:
• We read the index and window in 1 request to minimize communication
time, and to ensure that the record index matches the data in the data
window returned.
• Space in the window after the last specified record (RecordSize x RecordPerWindow) is padded with 0xFF, and can be safely discarded.
b. Verify that the record index incremented by Records Per Window. The record
index of the retrieved window is the index of the first record in the window. This
value will increase by Records Per Window each time the window is read, so it
should be 0, N, N x 2, N x 3 . . . for each window retrieved.
• If the record index matches the expected record index, go to step 2c
(Compute next expected record index).
• If the record index does not match the expected record index, then go to
step 1d (Write the retrieval information), where the record index will be
the same as the expected record index. This will tell the Shark® 200
meter to repeat the records you were expecting.
c. Compute next Expected Record Index.
• If there are no remaining records after the current record window, go to
step 3 (Disengage the log).
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
• Compute the next expected record index by adding Records Per Window,
to the current expected record index. If this value is greater than the
number of records, re-size the window so it only contains the remaining
records and go to step 1d (Write the retrieval information), where the
Records Per Window will be the same as the remaining records.
3. Disengage the log: write the Log Number (of log being disengaged) to the Log
Index and 0 to the Enable bit [0xC34F, 1 reg].
B.5.4.4: Log Retrieval Example
The following example illustrates a log retrieval session. The example makes the
following assumptions:
• Log Retrieved is Historical Log 1 (Log Index 2).
• Auto-Incrementing is used.
• Function Code 0x23 is not used (Repeat Count of 1).
• The Log contains Volts-AN, Volts-BN, Volts-CN (12 bytes).
• 100 Records are available (0-99).
• COM Port 2 (RS485) is being used (see Log Availability).
• There are no Errors.
• Retrieval is starting at Record Index 0 (oldest record).
• Protocol used is Modbus RTU. The checksum is left off for simplicity.
• The Shark® 200 meter is at device address 1.
• No new records are recorded to the log during the log retrieval process.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
1. Read [0xC757, 16 reg], Historical Log 1 Header Block.
Send:
0103 C757 0010
Command:
Register Address:
0xC757
# Registers:
16
--------------------------------------------------Receive:
010320 00000100 00000064 0012 0000
060717101511 060718101511
0000000000000000
Data:
Max Records:
0x100 = 256 records maximum.
Num Records:
0x64 = 100 records currently logged.
Record Size:
0x12 = 18 bytes per record.
Log Availability:
0x00 = 0, not in use, available for retrieval.
First Timestamp:
0x060717101511 = July 23, 2006, 16:21:17
Last Timestamp:
0x060717101511 = July 24, 2006, 16:21:17
NOTE: This indicates that Historical Log 1 is available for retrieval.
2. Write 0x0280 -> [0xC34F, 1 reg], Log Enable.
Send:
0106 C34F 0280
Command:
Register Address:
0xC34F
# Registers:
1 (Write Single Register Command)
Data:
Log Number:
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Enable:
1 (Engage log)
Scope:
0 (Normal Mode)
--------------------------------------------------Receive:
0106C34F0280 (echo)
NOTE: This engages the log for use on this COM Port, and latches the oldest record as
record index 0.
3. Read [0xC757, 16 reg], Availability is 0.
Send:
0103 C757 0010
Command:
Register Address:
0xC757
# Registers:
16
--------------------------------------------------Receive:
010320 00000100 00000064 0012 0002
060717101511 060718101511
0000000000000000
Data:
Max Records:
0x100 = 256 records maximum.
Num Records:
0x64 = 100 records currently logged.
Record Size:
0x12 = 18 bytes per record.
Log Availability:
0x02 = 2, In use by COM2, RS485 (the current
port)
First Timestamp:
0x060717101511 = July 23, 2006, 16:21:17
Last Timestamp:
0x060717101511 = July 24, 2006, 16:21:17
NOTE: This indicates that the log has been engaged properly in step 2. Proceed to
retrieve the log.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
4. Compute #RecPerWin as (246\18)=13. Write 0x0D01 0000 0000 -> [0xC350, 3
reg] Write Retrieval Info. Set Current Index as 0.
Send:
0110 C350 0003 06 0D01 00 000000
Command:
Register Address:
0xC350
# Registers:
3, 6 bytes
Data:
Records per Window:
13. Since the window is 246 bytes, and the record
is 18 bytes, 246\18 = 13.66, which means that
13 records evenly fit into a single window. This is
234 bytes, which means later on, we only need to
read 234 bytes (117 registers) of the window to
retrieve the records.
# of Repeats:
1. We are using auto-increment (so not 0), but
not function code 0x23.
Window Status:
0 (ignore)
Record Index:
0, start at the first record.
---------------------------------------------------Receive:
0110C3500003 (command ok)
NOTES:
• This sets up the window for retrieval; now we can start retrieving the records.
• As noted above, we compute the records per window as 246\18 = 13.66, which is
rounded to 13 records per window. This allows the minimum number of requests to
be made to the meter, which increases retrieval speed.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
5. Read [0xC351, 125 reg], first 2 reg is status/index, last 123 reg is window data.
Status OK.
Send:
0103 C351 007D
Command:
Register Address:
0xC351
# Registers:
0x7D, 125 registers
--------------------------------------------------Receive:
0103FA 00000000
060717101511FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF
06071710160042FAAACF42FAAD1842FAA9A8 . . .
Data:
Window Status:
0x00 = the window is ready.
Index:
0x00 = 0, The window starts with the 0'th record,
which is the oldest record.
Record 0:
The next 18 bytes is the 0'th record (filler).
Timestamp:
0x060717101511, = July 23, 2006, 16:21:17
Data:
This record is the "filler" record. It is used by the
meter so that there is never 0 records. It should
be ignored. It can be identified by the data being
all 0xFF.
NOTE: Once a log has rolled over, the 0'th record
will be a valid record, and the filler record will
disappear.
Record 1:
The next 18 bytes is the 1'st record.
Timestamp:
0x060717101600 July 23, 2006, 16:22:00
Data:
Volts AN:
0x42FAAACF, float = 125.33~
Volts BN:
0x42FAAD18, float = 125.33~
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Volts CN:
0x42FAA9A8, float = 125.33~
. . . 13 records
NOTES:
• This retrieves the actual window. Repeat this command as many times as necessary
to retrieve all of the records when auto-increment is enabled.
• Note the filler record. When a log is reset (cleared) in the meter, the meter always
adds a first "filler" record, so that there is always at least 1 record in the log. This
"filler" record can be identified by the data being all 0xFF, and it being index 0. If a
record has all 0xFF for data, the timestamp is valid, and the index is NOT 0, then
the record is legitimate.
• When the "filler" record is logged, its timestamp may not be "on the interval." The
next record taken will be on the next "proper interval," adjusted to the hour. For
example, if the interval is 1 minute, the first "real" record will be taken on the next
minute (no seconds). If the interval is 15 minutes, the next record will be taken at
:15, :30, :45, or :00 - whichever of those values is next in sequence.
6. Compare the index with Current Index.
NOTES:
• The Current Index is 0 at this point, and the record index retrieved in step 5 is 0:
thus we go to step 8.
• If the Current Index and the record index do not match, go to step 7. The data that
was received in the window may be invalid, and should be discarded.
7. Write the Current Index to [0xC351, 2 reg].
Send:
0110 C351 0002 04 00 00000D
Command:
Register Address:
0xC351
# Registers:
2, 4 bytes
Data:
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Window Status:
0 (ignore)
Record Index:
0x0D = 13, start at the 14th record.
---------------------------------------------------Receive:
0110C3510002 (command ok)
NOTES:
• This step manually sets the record index, and is primarily used when an out-oforder record index is returned on a read (step 6).
• The example assumes that the second window retrieval failed somehow, and we
need to recover by requesting the records starting at index 13 again.
8. For each record in the retrieved window, copy and save the data for later interpretation.
9. Increment Current Index by RecordsPerWindow.
NOTES:
• This is the step that determines how much more of the log we need to retrieve.
• On the first N passes, Records Per Window should be 13 (as computed in step 4),
and the current index should be a multiple of that (0, 13, 26, . . .). This amount will
decrease when we reach the end (see step 10).
• If the current index is greater than or equal to the number of records (in this case
100), then all records have been retrieved; go to step 12. Otherwise, go to step 10
to check if we are nearing the end of the records.
10. If number records - current index < RecordsPerWindow, decrease to match.
NOTES:
• Here we bounds-check the current index, so we don't exceed the records available.
• If the number of remaining records (#records - current index) is less than the
Records per Window, then the next window is the last, and contains less than a full
window of records. Make records per window equal to remaining records
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
(#records-current index). In this example, this occurs when current index is 91
(the 8'th window). There are now 9 records available (100-91), so make Records
per Window equal 9.
11. Repeat steps 5 through 10.
NOTES:
• Go back to step 5, where a couple of values have changed.
Pass
CurIndex
FirstRecIndex
RecPerWindow
0
0
0
13
1
13
13
13
2
26
26
13
3
39
39
13
4
52
52
13
5
65
65
13
6
78
78
13
7
91
91
9
8
100
------
-------
• At pass 8, since Current Index is equal to the number of records (100), log retrieval
should stop; go to step 12 (see step 9 Notes).
12. No more records available, clean up.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
13. Write 0x0000 -> [0xC34F, 1 reg], disengage the log.
Send:
0106 C34F 0000
Command:
Register Address:
0xC34F
# Registers:
1 (Write Single Register Command)
Data:
Log Number:
0 (ignore)
Enable:
0 (Disengage log)
Scope:
0 (ignore)
---------------------------------------------------Receive:
0106C34F0000 (echo)
NOTES:
• This disengages the log, allowing it to be retrieved by other COM ports.
• The log will automatically disengage if no log retrieval action is taken for 5 minutes.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
B.5.5: Log Record Interpretation
The records of each log are composed of a 6 byte timestamp, and N data. The content
of the data portion depends on the log.
System Event Record:
Byte
0
1
2
Value
timestamp
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Group
Event
Mod
Chan
Param1
Param2
Param3
Param4
Size: 14 bytes (20 bytes image).
Data: The System Event data is 8 bytes; each byte is an enumerated value.
• Group: Group of the event.
• Event: Event within a group.
• Modifier: Additional information about the event, such as number of sectors or log
number.
• Channel: The port of the Shark® 200 meter that caused the event.
0
Firmware
1
COM 1 (IrDA)
2
COM 2 (RS485)
3
COM 3 (Option Card 1)
4
COM 4 (Option Card 2)
7
User (Face Plate)
Param 1-4: These are defined for each event (see following table).
NOTE: The System Log Record is 20 bytes, consisting of the Record Header (12
bytes) and Payload (8 bytes). The Timestamp (6 bytes) is in the header. Typically,
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
software will retrieve only the timestamp and payload, yielding a 14-byte record. The
table below shows all defined payloads.
Group
(Event
group)
Event
(Event
within
group)
Mod
(Event
modifier)
Channel
(1-4 for
COMs, 7
for USER,
0 for FW)
Parm1
Parm2
Parm3
Parm4
0
Comments
Startup
0
0
0
FW version
1
slot#
0
class ID
Meter Run
Firmware
Startup
card
status
0xFF
0xFF
1
Option Card
Using Default
Settings
Log Activity
1
log#
1-4
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
Reset
2
log#
1-4
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
Log Retrieval
Begin
3
log#
0-4
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
Log Retrieval
End
2
Clock Activity
1
0
1-4
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
Clock Changed
2
0
0
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
Daylight Time
On
3
0
0
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
Daylight Time
Off
4
sync
method
0
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
Auto Clock
Sync Failed
5
sync
method
0
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
Auto Clock
Sync Resumed
3
System Resets
1
0
0-4, 7
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
Max & Min
Reset
2
0
0-4, 7
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
Energy Reset
3
slot#
0-4
1
(inputs)
or 2
(outputs)
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
Accumulators
Reset
4
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
1
0
1-4, 7
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
Password
Changed
2
0
1-4
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
V-switch
Changed
3
0
1-4, 7
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
Programmable Settings
Changed
4
0
1-4, 7
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
Measurement
Stopped
5
Boot Activity
1
0
1-4
FW version
Exit to Boot
6
Error Reporting & Recovery
4
log #
0
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
Log Babbling
Detected
5
log #
0
# records
discarded
time in seconds
Babbling Log
Periodic
Summary
6
log #
0
# records
discarded
time in seconds
Log Babbling
End Detected
7
sector#
0
error count
stimulus
0xFF
Flash Sector
Error
8
0
0
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
Flash Error
Counters
Reset
9
0
0
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
Flash Job
Queue
Overflow
10
1
0
0xFF
0Xff
0xFF
0xFF
Bad NTP
Configuration
11
0
0
Repair Flags
1
sector#
0
log #
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
acquire sector
2
sector#
0
log #
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
release sector
3
sector#
0
erase count
4
log#
0
0xFF
Critical Data
Repaired
0x88
erase sector
0xFF
0xFF
0xFF
write log start
record
• log# values: 0 = system log, 1 = alarms log, 2-4 = historical logs 1-3, 5 = I/O
change log
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
• sector# values: 0-63
• slot# values: 1-2
NOTES:
• The clock changed event shows the clock value just before the change in the Mod
and Parm bytes. Parms are bit-mapped:
• b31 - b28
month
• b27 - b23
day
• b22
daylight savings time flag
• b20 - b16
hour
• b13 - b8
minute
• b5 - b0
second
• unused bits are always 0
• Sync method: 1 = NTP.
• Stimulus for a flash sector error indicates what the flash was doing when the error
occurred: 1 = acquire sector, 2 = startup, 3 = empty sector, 4 = release sector, 5 =
write data.
• Flash error counters are reset to zero in the unlikely event that both copies in
EEPROM are corrupted.
• The flash job queue is flushed (and log records are lost) in the unlikely event that
the queue runs out of space.
• A "babbling log" is one that is saving records faster than the meter can handle long
term. When babbling is detected, the log is frozen and no records are appended
until babbling ceases. For as long as babbling persists, a summary of records
discarded is logged every 60 minutes. Normal logging resumes when there have
been no new append attempts for 30 seconds. Onset of babbling occurs when a log
fills a flash sector in less than an hour (applies only to Alarm, I/O Change, Histori-
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
cal, and Power Quality logs), when the log fills or wraps around in less than two
minutes (applies only to Waveform log), when the number of unassigned sectors
becomes dangerously low (applies only to Waveform log), or when a log grows so
far beyond its normal bounds that it is in danger of crashing the system. This
applies to all logs except the System log, which does not babble. While possible for
the other logs during an extended log retrieval session, it is extremely unlikely to
occur for any logs except the Waveform log.
• Logging of diagnostic records may be suppressed via a bit in programmable
settings.
Alarm Record:
Byte
0
1
2
Value
timestamp
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
direction
limit#
Value%
Size: 10 bytes (16 bytes image)
Data: The Alarm record data is 4 bytes, and specifies which limit the event occurred
on, and the direction of the event (going out of limit, or coming back into limit).
• Direction: The direction of the alarm event: whether this record indicates the limit
going out, or coming back into limit.
1
Going out of limit
2
Coming back into limit
Bit
0
1
Value
type
0
2
0
3
0
4
5
6
0
Limit ID
7
• Limit Type: Each limit (1-8) has both an above condition and a below condition.
Limit Type indicates which of those the record represents.
0
High Limit
1
Low Limit
• Limit ID: The specific limit this record represents. A value in the range 0-7, Limit ID
represents Limits 1-8. The specific details for this limit are stored in the programmable settings.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
• Value: Depends on the Direction:
•
If the record is "Going out of limit," this is the value of the limit when the "Out"
condition occurred.
• If the record is "Coming back into limit," this is the "worst" value of the limit
during the period of being "out": for High (above) limits, this is the highest value
during the "out" period; for Low (below) limits, this is the lowest value during
the “out" period.
Byte
0
Value
Identifier
1
2
3
Above Setpoint
4
5
Above Hyst.
6
7
Below Setpoint
8
9
Below Hyst.
Interpretation of Alarm Data:
To interpret the data from the alarm records, you need the limit data from the
Programmable Settings [0x754B, 40 registers].
There are 8 limits, each with an Above Setpoint, and a Below Setpoint. Each setpoint
also has a threshold (hysteresis), which is the value at which the limit returns "into"
limit after the setpoint has been exceeded. This prevents "babbling" limits, which can
be caused by the limit value fluttering over the setpoint, causing it to go in and out of
limit continuously.
• Identifier: The first modbus register of the value that is being watched by this limit.
While any modbus register is valid, only values that can have a Full Scale will be
used by the Shark® 200 meter.
• Above Setpoint: The percent of the Full Scale above which the value for this limit
will be considered "out."
• Valid in the range of -200.0% to +200.0%
• Stored as an integer with 0.1 resolution. (Multiply % by 10 to get the integer,
divide integer by 10 to get %. For example, 105.2% = 1052.)
• Above Hysteresis: The percent of the Full Scale below which the limit will return
"into" limit, if it is out. If this value is above the Above Setpoint, this Above limit will
be disabled.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
• Valid in the range of -200.0% to +200.0%.
• Stored as an integer with 0.1 resolution. (Multiply % by 10 to get the integer,
divide integer by 10 to get %. For example, 104.1% = 1041.)
• Below Setpoint: The percent of the Full Scale below which the value for this limit
will be considered "out."
• Valid in the range of -200.0% to +200.0%.
• Stored as an integer with 0.1 resolution. (Multiply % by 10 to get the integer,
divide integer by 10 to get %. For example, 93.5% = 935.)
• Below Hysteresis: The percent of the Full Scale above which the limit will return
"into" limit, if it is out. If this value is below the Below Setpoint, this Below limit will
be disabled.
• Valid in the range of -200.0% to +200.0%.
• Stored as an integer with 0.1 resolution. (Multiply % by 10 to get the integer,
divide integer by 10 to get %. For example, 94.9% = 949.)
NOTES:
• The Full Scale is the "nominal" value for each of the different types of readings. To
compute the Full Scale, use the following formulas:
Current
[CT Numerator] x [CT Multiplier]
Voltage
[PT Numerator] x [PT Multiplier]
Power 3-Phase (WYE)
[CT Numerator] x [CT Multiplier] x [PT Numerator] x [PT Multiplier] x 3
Power 3-Phase (Delta)
[CT Numerator] x [CT Multiplier] x [PT Numerator] x [PT Multiplier] x 3 x sqrt(3)
Power Single Phase (WYE)
[CT Numerator] x [CT Multiplier] x [PT Numerator] x [PT Multiplier]
Power Single Phase (Delta)
[CT Numerator] x [CT Multiplier] x [PT Numerator] x [PT Multiplier] x sqrt(3)
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Frequency (Calibrated at 60 Hz) 60
Frequency (Calibrated at 50 Hz) 50
Power Factor
1.0
THD, Harmonics
100.0%
Angles
180°
• To interpret a limit alarm fully, you need both the start and end record (for duration).
• There are a few special conditions related to limits:
• When the meter powers up, it detects limits from scratch. This means that
multiple "out of limit" records can be in sequence with no "into limit" records.
Cross- reference the System Events for Power Up events.
• This also means that if a limit is "out," and it goes back in during the
power off condition, no "into limit" record will be recorded.
• The "worst" value of the "into limit" record follows the above restrictions;
it only represents the values since power up. Any values before the power
up condition are lost.
Historical Log Record:
Byte
0
1
2
Value
timestamp
3
4
5
6
-
-
N
values . . .
Size: 6+2 x N bytes (12+2 x N bytes), where N is the number of registers stored.
Data: The Historical Log Record data is 2 x N bytes, which contains snapshots of the
values of the associated registers at the time the record was taken. Since the meter
uses specific registers to log, with no knowledge of the data it contains, the Programmable Settings need to be used to interpret the data in the record. See Historical Logs
Programmable Settings for details.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
I/O Change Log Record:
I/O Change Log tables:
Byte
0
1
2
Value
Timestamp
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Card 1 Changes
Card 1 States
Card 2 Changes
Card 2 States
Card Change Flags:
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Value
Out 4
Change
Out 3
Change
Out 2
Change
Out 1
Change
In 4
Change
In 3
Change
In 2
Change
In 1
Change
Card Current States:
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Value
Out 4
State
Out 3
State
Out 2
State
Out 1
State
In 4
State
In 3
State
In 2
State
In 1
State
Size: 10 bytes (16 bytes)
Data: The states of the relay and digital inputs at the time of capture for both Option
cards 1 and 2. If the option card does not support I/O Change Records (no card or not
a Digital Option Card), the value will be 0.
NOTES:
• An I/O Change log record will be taken for each Relay and Digital Input that has
been configured in the Programmable Settings to record when its state changes.
• When any one configured Relay or Digital Input changes, the values of all Relays
and Digital Inputs are recorded, even if they are not so configured.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Waveform Log Record:
Byte
0
1
2
3
Value
Timestamp
4
5
6
7
8
-
-
Capture #
Record #
Record Payload
969
Size: 970 bytes
Data: Each waveform record is 970 bytes, which contains the timestamp, the capture
number it is associated with (all 26 will have the same capture #), its own record
number (numbered 0-25) and the payload.
NOTE: The waveform records must be in sequential order. Verify that the record
numbers are sequential, and if they are not, the retrieval of that capture must be
restarted.
PQ Event Record:
Byte
0
1 2 3 4 5 6
Value
Timestamp
7
Present
States
8
9
Event
Channels
10
11
12
13
Capture
#
Flags
Event Cycle
Tag
14
...
31
Worst
Excursion RMS
32
...
43
Sample
Calibrations
44
...
57
Not Used
(0X0)
Size: 58 bytes
Data: See the first table in the PQ Event Log Retrieval section for detailed information
about the data.
NOTE: The "not used" section of the PQ Event record byte-map is simply 0.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
B.5.6: Examples
Log Retrieval Section:
send:
recv:
01 03 75 40 00 08 - Meter designation
01 03 10 4D 65 74 72 65 44 65 73 69 6E 67 5F 20 20 20 20 00 00
send:
recv:
:01 03 C7 57 00 10 - Historical Log 1 status block
:01 03 20 00 00 05 1E 00 00 05 1E 00 2C 00 00 06 08 17 51 08
00 06 08 18 4E 39 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
send:
recv:
:01
:01
42
67
00
00
00
00
03
03
1F
18
00
00
00
00
79
80
43
68
00
00
00
00
17
13
1F
18
00
00
00
00
00
01
44
69
00
00
00
00
40
00
06
00
00
00
00
00
- Historical Log 1 PS settings
01 23 75 23 76 23 77 1F 3F 1F 40
0B 06 0C 06 0D 06 0E 17 75 17 76
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00
1F
17
00
00
00
00
41
77
00
00
00
00
1F
18
00
00
00
00
send:
recv:
:01
:01
00
00
00
00
00
44
03
03
00
00
00
00
00
62
79
80
00
00
00
00
00
62
57
00
00
00
00
00
00
62
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
62
40
00
00
00
00
00
00
62
- ""
00 00
00 00
00 00
00 00
00 00
00 00
62 00
00
00
00
00
00
34
00
00
00
00
00
34
00
00
00
00
00
44
send:
recv:
:01 03 75 35 00 01 - Energy PS settings
:01 03 02 83 31 00 00
send:
recv:
:01 03 11 93 00 01 - Connected Port ID
:01 03 02 00 02 00 00
send:
recv:
:01 03 C7 57 00 10 - Historical Log 1 status block
:01 03 20 00 00 05 1E 00 00 05 1E 00 2C 00 00 06 08 17 51 08
00 06 08 18 4E 39 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
send:
recv:
:01 03 C3 4F 00 01 - Log Retrieval header
:01 03 02 FF FF 00 00
send:
recv:
:01 10 C3 4F 00 04 08 02 80 05 01 00 00 00 00 - Engage the log
:01 10 C3 4F 00 04
send:
recv:
:01 03 C7 57 00 10 - Historical Log 1 status block
:01 03 20 00 00 05 1E 00 00 05 1E 00 2C 00 02 06 08 17 51 08
00 06 08 18 4E 39 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
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B-40
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
send:
recv:
:01 10 C3 51 00 02 04 00 00 00 00 - Set the retrieval index
:01 10 C3 51 00 02
send:
recv:
:01
:01
00
E8
2F
00
00
00
03
03
00
00
27
00
00
00
C3
80
00
01
0F
00
19
00
51
00
00
00
00
03
00
00
00
00
00
05
00
E8
2F
00
40
00
00
00
00
00
27
00
- Read first half
00 06 08 17 51 08
00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 06
00 00 00 00 00 00
01 00 04 00 00 00
0F 00 00 00 00 00
00 03 E8 00 00 00
window
00 19 00
00 00 00
17 51 09
00 00 00
00 00 06
00 00 00
2F
00
00
00
08
00
27
00
00
00
17
00
0F
00
19
00
51
00
00
03
00
00
0A
00
send:
recv:
:01
:01
2F
00
00
00
00
03
03
27
00
00
00
C3
60
0F
00
19
00
91
00
00
03
00
00
00
05
00
E8
2F
00
30
00
00
00
27
00
- Read second half of window
00 00 00 00 00 06 08 17 51 0B
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
01 00 04 00 00 00 00 00 00 06
0F 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 03 E8 00 01 00 04 00 00 00
00
00
08
00
00
00
00
17
00
00
19
00
51
00
00
00
00
0C
00
00
send:
recv:
:01
:01
00
E8
2F
00
00
00
03
03
00
00
27
00
00
00
C3
80
00
01
0F
00
19
00
51
00
00
00
00
03
00
00
00
00
00
04
00
E8
2F
00
40
05
00
00
00
00
27
00
- Read first half
19 06 08 18 4E 35
00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 06
00 00 00 00 00 00
01 00 04 00 00 00
0F 00 00 00 00 00
00 03 E8 00 00 00
last window
00 19 00 2F
00 00 00 00
18 4E 36 00
00 00 00 00
00 00 06 08
00 00 00 00
27
00
00
00
18
00
0F
00
19
00
4E
00
00
03
00
00
37
00
send:
recv:
:01
:01
2F
00
00
00
00
03
03
27
00
00
00
C3
60
0F
00
19
00
91
00
00
03
00
00
00
05
00
E8
2F
00
30
00
00
00
27
00
- Read second half of last
00 00 00 00 00 06 08 18 4E
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
01 00 04 00 00 00 00 00 00
0F 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 03 E8 00 00 00 05 00 00
window
38 00 00
00 00 00
06 08 18
00 00 00
00 00 00
19
00
4E
00
00
00
00
39
00
00
send:
recv:
:01 06 C3 4F 00 00 - Disengage the log
:01 06 C3 4F 00 00
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E149701
B-41
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Sample Historical Log 1 Record:
Historical Log 1 Record and Programmable Settings
13|01|00
1F 42|1F
17 76|17
62 62 62
01|23
43 1F
77|18
34 34
These are the
Item Values:
75|23
44|06
67|18
34 44
76|23
0B 06
68|18
44 62
77|1F
0C|06
69|00
62 62
These are the
Type and Size:
1F 40|1F 41
06 0E|17 75|
. . . . . .
62 62 . . .
These are the Descriptions:
13
01
01
23
23
23
1F
1F
1F
06
06
3F
0D
00
62
- # registers
- # sectors
- interval
75
76
77
3F
41
43
0B
0D
1F
1F
1F
06
06
40
42
44
0C
0E
6
6
6
3
3
3
4
4
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
-
(SINT 2 byte) Volts A THD Maximum
(SINT 2 byte) Volts B THD Maximum
(SINT 2 byte) Volts C THD Maximum
(Float 4 byte) Volts A Minimum
(Float 4 byte) Volts B Minimum
(Float 4 byte) Volts C Minimum
(Energy 4 byte) VARhr Negative Phase A
(Energy 4 byte) VARhr Negative Phase B
17 75
6 2
- (SINT 2 byte) Volts A 1st Harmonic
Magnitude
17 76
6 2
- (SINT 2 byte) Volts A 2nd Harmonic
Magnitude
17 77
6 2
- (SINT 2 byte) Volts A 3rd Harmonic
Magnitude
18 67
6 2
- (SINT 2 byte) Ib 3rd Harmonic Magnitude
18 68
6 2
- (SINT 2 byte) Ib 4th Harmonic Magnitude
18 69
6 2
- (SINT 2 byte) Ib 5th Harmonic Magnitude
Sample Record
06 08 17 51 08 00|00 19|00 2F|27 0F|00 00 00 00|00
00 00 00|00 00 00 00|00 00 00 00|00 00 00 00|03 E8|
00 01|00 05|00 00|00 00|00 00 . . .
11
00
00
27
00
00
00
00
00
08
19
2F
0F
00
00
00
00
00
17 51 08 00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
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2.5%
4.7%
999.9% (indicates the value isn’t valid)
0
0
0
0
0
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
03
00
00
00
00
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E8
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05
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-
100.0% (Fundamental)
0.1%
0.5%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
B.5.7: Waveform Log Retrieval
The waveform log is unique among the logs in that each capture is composed of 26
waveform records, and each record requires 4 windows to retrieve. For more information on record retrieval, see B.5.4.3: Log Retrieval Procedure on page B-18. The 26
waveform records adhere to the following byte-map.
SIZE
CONTENT
NOTES
OFFSET
6 bytes
Timestamp
All 26 records have
the same timestamp
0
1 byte
Capture Number
All 26 records have
the same capture
number
6
1 byte
Record Number
Records are numbered 0-25
7
962 bytes
Record Payload
Waveform Record
payload. All 26
Waveform Record
Payloads combined create a
Waveform Capture
8
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A single waveform capture is the aggregation of all 26 waveform record payloads,
thus totaling 25,012 bytes in size. The resulting waveform capture contains the
following byte structure:
Bytes
Block
36
Header
388
Reserved (0xFF)
4098
Channel AN (Wye) or AB
(Delta)
4098
Channel IA
4098
Channel BN (Wye) or BC
(Delta)
4098
Channel IB
4098
Channel CN (Wye) or CA
(Delta)
4098
Channel IC
NOTE: The order of the channels is not fixed. The channel ID (first 2 bytes of the
4098 bytes) must be used to determine which channel block is being presented.
Breaking the waveform capture down further, the specific blocks (Header and Channel
Blocks) are as follows:
(NOTE: 1b = 1 byte, 2b = 2 bytes.)
Header Block Definition - 36 Bytes
Trigger Source (2b)
TriggerType
SmpRate (1b)
TrigCap#
Flags (1b)
Trigger Cycle Tag (2b)
First Sample Tag
Last Sample Tag
Trigger Cycle RMS Va
Trigger Cycle RMS Ia
Trigger Cycle RMS Vb
Trigger Cycle RMS Ib
Trigger Cycle RMS Vc
Trigger Cycle RMS Ic
Sample Calibration Va
Sample Calibration Ia
Sample Calibration Vb
Sample Calibration Ib
Sample Calibration Vc
Sample Calibration Ic
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Channel Sample Block Definition (4098 bytes)
Channel ID (2b)
Sample 1 (2b)
Sample 2 (2b)
Sample 3 (2b)
Sample 4 (2b)
Sample 5 (2b)
…
…
Sample 2046 (2b)
Sample 2047 (2b)
Sample 2048 (2b)
Parsing a Waveform Capture
To parse the waveform capture, follow this procedure:
1. Download the entire capture. When engaging the log for retrieval, the number of
records will always be 1, and the repeat count will always be 4. Because of the
large records (970 bytes), you must use Function Code 0x23, with 4 repeat counts.
An example request message would be: 0123C351007C04. See B.5.4.3: Log
Retrieval Procedure on page B-18, for details.
It may take a while to get a response, so if you get a Slave Busy Modbus exception,
try again.
2. The data that comes back will be the window index and window data, repeated 4
times. For each block, you must check that the window status and window index
are correct.
If the window status is 0xFF, then the data is not ready, and you should request
that record again. See B.5.4.4: Log Retrieval Example on page B-21, for an example of this point.
3. Once you know you have the right data, check the waveform record header to
make sure you have received the correct record and then parse the data by copying
out the window data and skipping the window indices.
You should be receiving waveform records sequentially, from 0 to 25. If the number
is out of order, or invalid, then the waveform may be corrupt, and you should
retrieve the waveform capture from the beginning by manually setting the record
index to start at.
Once you know you have the right record, from window index 0 the first 8 bytes
(the timestamp and record info) must be skipped. This will result in a stripping of
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
the Record Header, Capture and Record Numbers which will leave only the Waveform Record Payload (see the table on B-43). You only need to store the timestamp
from the first record, as each of the 26 records have the same timestamp.
4. Copy the record data (record payload) to the output (e.g., an array of byte arrays each byte array representing a waveform record) and repeat this stripping process
for all 26 waveform records. Once done, combine all 26 header-stripped records
into a single byte array thus creating the waveform capture:
const uint RECORD_PAYLOAD_SIZE = 962;
const uint MAX_WAVEFORM_CAPTURE_SIZE = 25012;
...
byte[] waveform_capture = new byte[MAX_WAVEFORM_CAPTURE_SIZE];
...
// combine all binary data from waveform records to create waveform capture
for (int i = 0; i < 26; ++i)
{
waveform_record[i].CopyTo(waveform_capture, RECORD_PAYLOAD_SIZE * i);
}
Here is an example of the beginning of a waveform capture from the above instruction:
// Snippet starts from header block (address 0x00) and ends some bytes
past first channel block
00000000
01 80 06 00 00 47 02 00
00 00 07 FF 07 4C 00 26
00000010
00 21 00 20 00 22 00 25
D3 21 19 6C 1C B0 02 64
00000020
D3 AA 1A F3 FF FF FF FF
FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF
...
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
000001a0
FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF
41 4E 00 00 1A 70 19 50
000001b0
18 88 17 78 16 60 15 80
14 98 13 70 12 E0 12 10
000001c0
11 18 10 68 0F 90 0E 90
0E 00 0D 68 0C D8 0C D0
000001d0
0C A8 0C 48 0C 70 0C 68
0C 30 0C 60 0C 98 0D 00
//414E = "AN"
...
waveform_capture[424] // 41 = 'A'
waveform_capture[425] // 4E = 'N'
Processing a Waveform Capture
Once the waveform capture has been created, you can use the waveform capture
byte-map (see tables earlier in this section) to extract the RMS and channel sample
data values desired. Take note that the waveform capture byte-map is in MSB (hibyte, lo-byte) form.
The following is an example snippet in which we first parse the waveform capture
header values and then each waveform capture channel block using a predefined
function. (NOTE: We assume the channel blocks to be in order in this example, e.g.
AN, IA, BN, IB, CN, IC. These channels can be in any order and it is up to you to check
which channel ID values you are currently processing).
// HEADER BLOCK PARSING - Get Waveform Capture header values (hi-byte,
lo-byte)
trigger_source = BitConverter.ToUInt16(new byte[2] { waveform_capture[0], waveform_capture[1] }, 0);
sample_rate
flags
= waveform_capture[2];
= waveform_capture[3];
...
rms_va
= BitConverter.ToUInt16(new byte[2] { waveform_capture[12],
waveform_capture[13] }, 0);
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rms_ia
= BitConverter.ToUInt16(new byte[2] { waveform_capture[14],
waveform_capture[15] }, 0);
...
calibration_va = BitConverter.ToUInt16(new byte[2] { waveform_capture[24], waveform_capture[25] }, 0);
calibration_ia = BitConverter.ToUInt16(new byte[2] { waveform_capture[26], waveform_capture[27] }, 0);
...
// CHANNEL BLOCK PARSING - predefined function
public static List<int> GetChannelSampleData(byte[] waveform_capture,
int start_byte)
{
int temp;
int begin = start_byte + 2;
// skip Channel ID (e.g.
"AN","IA",etc) and get data start
int end = start_byte + 4098;
List<int> list = new List<int>();
for (int i = begin; i < end; i += 2)
{
// hi-byte, lo-byte
temp = BitConverter.ToUInt16(new byte[2] { waveform_capture[i], waveform_capture[i+1] }, 0);
list.Add(temp);
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
}
return list;
}
// store the starting byte positions of the channel blocks
public enum Channel_ID
{
VOLTS_AN
= 424,
CURRENT_IA = 4522,
VOLTS_BN
= 8620,
CURRENT_IB = 12718,
VOLTS_CN
= 16816,
CURRENT_IC = 20914
}
// CHANNEL BLOCK PARSING - get sample values from capture
List<int> volts_an
=
GetChannelSampleData(waveform_capture,
(int)Channel_ID.VOLTS_AN);
List<int> current_ia
=
GetChannelSampleData(waveform_capture,
(int)Channel_ID.CURRENT_IA);
List<int> volts_bn
=
GetChannelSampleData(waveform_capture,
(int)Channel_ID.VOLTS_BN);
List<int> current_ib
=
GetChannelSampleData(waveform_capture,
(int)Channel_ID.CURRENT_IB);
List<int> volts_cn
=
GetChannelSampleData(waveform_capture,
(int)Channel_ID.VOLTS_CN);
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
List<int> current_ic
=
GetChannelSampleData(waveform_capture,
(int)Channel_ID.CURRENT_IC);
To convert the acquired RMS and channel sample data values into their primary values, the following formula must be applied:
• ADC Value is the primary value desired to be acquired. Can refer to either:
• RMS values (Trigger Cycle RMS, Trigger Cycle RMS, etc.)
• Sample values (Volts AN, Current IA, Volts BN, etc.)
• Calibration is the sample calibration value for corresponding channel.
• Ratio is either PT Ratio or CT Ratio (acquired from Programmable Settings)
• PT Ratio for voltage
• CT Ratio for current
For example, if you are looking for the primary Trigger RMS Va value and given the
following:
PT Numerator = 1200V
PT Denominator = 120V
CT Numerator = 1000A
CT Denominator = 5A
Trigger Cycle RMS Va = 4505
Trigger Cycle RMS Ia = 30133
Trigger Cycle RMS Vb = 5408
Sample Calibration Va = 42049
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Sample Calibration Ia = 7329
Sample Calibration Vb = 29183
The desired result would be:
Primary RMS Va = ((4505 * 42049) / 1000000) * (1200V/120V) = 1894.3V
// Convert rms values to primary values
public static double GetPrimaryValue(int adc_value, double calibration,
double ratio)
{
return ( (adc_value * calibration) / 1000000 ) * ratio;
}
double primary_rms_va = GetPrimaryValue(rms_va, calibration_va, pt_ratio);
double primary_rms_ia = GetPrimaryValue(rms_ia, calibration_ia, ct_ratio);
double primary_rms_vb = GetPrimaryValue(rms_vb, calibration_vb, pt_ratio);
double primary_rms_ib = GetPrimaryValue(rms_ib, calibration_ib, ct_ratio);
double primary_rms_vc = GetPrimaryValue(rms_vc, calibration_vc, pt_ratio);
double primary_rms_ic = GetPrimaryValue(rms_ic, calibration_ic, ct_ratio);
// Convert raw sample data values to primary values
public static List<double> GetPrimaryValues(int[] adc_value, double calibration, double ratio)
{
double temp;
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List<double> list = new List<double>();
for (int i = 0; i < adc_value.Length; ++i)
{
temp = ((adc_value[i] * calibration) / 1000000) * ratio;
list.Add(temp);
}
return list;
}
List<double> primary_an = GetPrimaryValues(volts_an.ToArray(),
cali-
bration_va, pt_ratio);
List<double> primary_ia = GetPrimaryValues(current_ia.ToArray(), calibration_ia, ct_ratio);
List<double> primary_bn = GetPrimaryValues(volts_bn.ToArray(),
cali-
bration_vb, pt_ratio);
List<double> primary_ib = GetPrimaryValues(current_ib.ToArray(), calibration_ib, ct_ratio);
List<double> primary_cn = GetPrimaryValues(volts_cn.ToArray(),
cali-
bration_vc, pt_ratio);
List<double> primary_ic = GetPrimaryValues(current_ic.ToArray(), calibration_ic, ct_ratio);
Additional Waveform Processing
Waveform trigger condition information can also be collected from the waveform capture. As processed in the previous section, the following header values will be used for
the trigger conditions:
trigger_source = BitConverter.ToUInt16(new byte[2] { waveform_capture[0], waveform_capture[1] }, 0);
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
sample_rate
= waveform_capture[2];
trigger_type= waveform_capture[4];
trigger_capture_num = waveform_capture[5];
trigger_cycle_tag
= BitConverter.ToUInt16(new byte[2] { waveform_cap-
ture[6], waveform_capture[7] }, 0);
The trigger source value acquired from the waveform capture header must be parsed
to get the specific trigger condition error string (for example, voltage surge or voltage
sag).
bool deltaHookup;
// hookup flag
...
int[] trigger_state = new int[16];
// to
represent 16 individual "bits"
Array.Clear(trigger_state, 0, trigger_state.Length);
//
set all "bits" to 0
// set the individual trigger_state bit flags using trigger_source from waveform capture
for (int i = 0; i < trigger_state.Length; ++i)
{
trigger_state[i] = (trigger_source / (2 ^ i)) & 1;//
remember hi-byte+lo-byte order
}
...
String triggered_str = "";
for (int i = 0; i < trigger_state.Length; ++i)
{
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
if (trigger_state[i] > 0)
{
switch (i)
{
case 0:
if (deltaHookup)
triggered_str = triggered_str + "Vab=Surge";
else
triggered_str = triggered_str + "Van=Surge";
break;
case 1:
if (deltaHookup)
triggered_str = triggered_str + "Vab=Surge";
else
triggered_str = triggered_str + "Van=Surge";
break;
case 2:
if (deltaHookup)
triggered_str = triggered_str + "Vcb=Surge";
else
triggered_str = triggered_str + "Vcn=Surge";
break;
case 3:
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triggered_str = triggered_str + "Ia=Surge";
break;
case 4:
triggered_str = triggered_str + "Ib=Surge";
break;
case 5:
triggered_str = triggered_str + "Ic=Surge";
break;
case 6:
if (deltaHookup)
triggered_str = triggered_str + "Vab=Sag";
else
triggered_str = triggered_str + "Van=Sag";
break;
case 7:
if (deltaHookup)
triggered_str = triggered_str + "Vbc=Sag";
else
triggered_str = triggered_str + "Vbn=Sag";
break;
case 8:
if (deltaHookup)
triggered_str = triggered_str + "Vcb=Sag";
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
else
triggered_str = triggered_str + "Vcn=Sag";
break;
case 15:
triggered_str = triggered_str + "Manual Trigger";
break;
}
}
}
The trigger cycle tag value from the waveform capture header provides the specific
cycle within the waveform capture on which the trigger condition occurred.
To give an example of what the trigger cycle tag provides, the following is a snippet
from a CSV generated output of the raw sample values (non-primary values) from a
waveform capture. The index at which the samples are located within the CSV file is
specified in the first column. With a trigger cycle tag of 512 and the following table:
SAMPLES
VOLTS
AN
INDEX
CURRENT
IA
VOLTS
BN
CURRENT
IB
VOLTS
CN
CURRENT
IC
27
0
0
0
0
0
0
28
6768
6792
5840
6800
5784
6880
29
6480
6736
5872
6816
5792
6936
30
6280
6776
5864
6872
5816
6960
31
6008
6784
5872
6792
5768
6904
32
5728
6736
5864
6864
5856
6960
536
7408
6712
5832
6808
5800
6984
537
7248
6776
5880
6848
5848
6984
538
7000
6776
5896
6864
5848
6928
539
6712
6752
5864
6808
5800
6976
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
SAMPLES
VOLTS
AN
INDEX
CURRENT
IA
VOLTS
BN
CURRENT
IB
VOLTS
CN
CURRENT
IC
540
6536
6776
5888
6848
5856
6976
541
6280
6840
5920
6920
5880
6832
542
5960
6752
5856
6800
5776
6912
Seeing as the samples began being recorded at index 27 within the CSV output, that
value has to be added to the trigger cycle tag value as an offset to get the exact cycle
of where the trigger condition occurred, which would be at index 539.
Sample Rate is the number of samples in a single cycle at a nominal 60 Hertz. For
example, at a sample rate of 512, there are 512 samples in a single nominal (time
locked) cycle. Note that this means that there are 512 samples every 16.6~ms.
The sample rate also affects the duration of the capture. Since the capture records a
fixed number of samples, the number of cycles recorded is dynamic based off the
sampling rate. For example, at 512 samples per cycle, 4 cycles can be record. At 32
samples per cycle, 64 cycles can be recorded.
To calculate the duration of the capture, in milliseconds, the following formula must
be applied:
• number of samples is number of samples in the capture per channel (2048 samples)
For example, given a sample rate of 1024, the duration would be:
( (2048 * 1000) / (1024 * 60) ) = ( 2048000 / 61440 ) = 33.333 ms
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B.5.8: PQ Event Log Retrieval
The following is a detailed breakdown of the PQ Event Record byte-map (see page B39):
PQ Event Record Definition 1
SIZE
CONTENT
NOTES
OFFSET
6 bytes
Timestamp
Timestamp of the
record
0
2 bytes
Present States
Bit mapped per trigger
events. 0 indicates an
untriggered state.
6
2 bytes
Event Channels
Bit mapped per trigger
events. 1 indicates a
channel changed state
and that the change to
the present state
caused the event.
8
1 byte
Capture Number
0 if cycle was not captured, 1-255 if all or
part of the cycle was
captured
10
1 byte
Flags
Always 0
11
2 bytes
Event Cycle Tag
Tag of the last sample
in the event cycle
12
18 bytes
Worst Excursion RMS
For events ending a
surge or sag episode
(e.g. return to normal), RMS of the
channel is the worst
excursion (highest
surge, lowest sag) for
the episode. 0 for
other channels. Same
units as Waveform
Records
14
12 bytes
Sample Calibrations
Same as sample calibrations in waveform
log non-sample capture summary
32
14 bytes
not used
Always 0
44
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Here is a visual layout of the PQ Event Record definition above (with the timestamp
stripped): (NOTE: 1b = 1 byte, 2b = 2 bytes, 6b = 6 bytes)
PQ Event Record Definition 2
Size: 52 bytes
Timestamp (6b)
Present States (2b)
Capture # (1b)
Event Channels (2b)
Flags (1b)
Event Cycle Tag (2b)
Worst Excursion RMS - Va Surge
Worst Excursion RMS - Vb Surge
Worst Excursion RMS - Vc Surge
Worst Excursion RMS - Ia Surge
Worst Excursion RMS - Ib Surge
Worst Excursion RMS - Ic Surge
Worst Excursion RMS - Va Sag
Worst Excursion RMS - Vb Sag
Worst Excursion RMS - Vc Sag
Sample Calibration Va (2b)
Sample Calibration Ia (2b)
Sample Calibration Vb (2b)
Sample Calibration Ib (2b)
Sample Calibration Vc (2b)
Sample Calibration Ic (2b)
unused
unused
unused
unused
unused
unused
unused
unused
unused
unused
unused
unused
unused
unused
NOTE: Byte order is in MSB.
Parsing a PQ Event Record
Use the table above to parse the PQ Event Record values you need. The following is
an example binary snippet of a PQ Event Record (with a table map of the contents):
PQ Event Record Binary Content Mapping
Superscript #
Content
Superscript #
Content
1
timestamp
13
Va sag
2
present states
14
Vb sag
3
event channels
15
Vc sag
4
capture number
16
Va calibration
5
flags
17
Ia calibration
6
event cycle tag
18
Vb calibration
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PQ Event Record Binary Content Mapping
Superscript #
Content
Superscript #
Content
7
Va surge
19
Ib calibration
8
Vb surge
20
Vc calibration
9
Vc surge
21
Ic calibration
10
Ia surge
22
not used
11
Ib surge
23
padded zeroes
12
Ic surge
-
-
[0C
04
1E
4B
10 24]1
[01 C0]2
[01 C0]3 [00]4 [00]5 [00 00]6 [00
00]7
[00 00]8
[00 00]9 [00 00]10 [00 00]11
[00 00]12 [00 00]13
[00 00]14
[00 00]15
[D3 21]16 [19 6C]17 [1C B0]18 [02 64]19
[D3 AA]20 [1A F3]21
[00 00 00
00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00]22
[00 00
00 00 00 00]23
From the above content, the values would be as follows:
timestamp= 2012/04/30 11:16:36 AM
present_states
= 0000 0001 1100 0000 (see table above for bit breakdown)
Volts C Sag
Volts B Sag
Volts A Sag
event_channels
= 0000 0001 1100 0000 (see table above for bit breakdown)
Volts C Sag
Volts B Sag
Volts A Sag
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capture_num = 0
flags= 0
event_cycle_tag = 0
we_rms_va_surge = 0
we_rms_vb_surge = 0
we_rms_vc_surge = 0
...
we_rms_va_sag = 0
we_rms_vb_sag = 0
we_rms_vc_sag = 0
calibration_va
= 54049
calibration_ia
= 6508
...
calibration_ic
= 6899
Processing a PQ Event Record
The worst excursion RMS values are specified as ADC values, and to convert them to
primary, you use the same primary value formula provided under Processing a Waveform Capture on page B-47.
PQ events come with numerous PQ records. From this numerous set, normally there
exists a specific pair of PQ records (special cases will be discussed later), one that is
created at the beginning of the PQ event and one created at the end of the PQ event - an Out and Return PQ record. Using these two records along with all the other PQ
records in between them, you will be able to calculate the duration of the PQ event.
To further elaborate, whenever an "out" event happens (i.e., when a voltage surge or
sag occurs), the "Out" PQ Record for that PQ event is created. Likewise, when this
said "out" event returns (i.e., the voltage surge or sag returns to normal levels), the
"Return" PQ Record for that PQ event is created. From these two particular PQ
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records, calculating the difference of their timestamps will provide the duration of the
PQ event. However, neither of the two PQ records (i.e., the Out and Return) know of
each other. In order to find a particular Out and Return PQ record pair, the present
states and event channel byte arrays from all the PQ records, including and in
between the Out and Return PQ records themselves, must be used (see instructions
for Parsing a PQ Event Record on page B-59).
Here is the bitmap for both the present states and event channel byte arrays:
Present State/Event Channel Definition (2 bytes)
bit
0
Volts A Surge
1
Volts B Surge
2
Volts C Surge
3
Current A Surge
4
Current B Surge
5
Current C Surge
6
Volts A Sag
7
Volts B Sag
8
Volts C Sag
9
not used
10
not used
11
not used
12
not used
13
not used
14
not used
15
Manual Trigger
For example, a value of 0x0081 (00000000 10000001) in MSB indicates a Surge on
Volts A, and a sag on Volts B.
Both the present states and event channels use their bits as a series of TRUE/FALSE
flags to signify change. The present states byte array flags tell whether or not an out
event has occurred (e.g. been triggered) on a specific channel (see table above). In
normal cases, after the Out PQ record, all the succeeding PQ records up until the
Return PQ record will all have triggered present states (e.g., TRUE flags) for that
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same channel. The Return PQ record, which represents the end of a PQ event, will end
the TRUE sequence by having its flag set to FALSE for that channel.
From the event channel byte array perspective, whenever a change occurred within
the present states byte array, it sets its flag for that channel to TRUE. Whenever that
channel reverts back to its previous state, then the event channel flag will be triggered again (set to TRUE) for that channel.
The following is a snippet of the present state and event channel byte arrays:
NOTE: x = TRUE, empty = FALSE)
Present State (snippet)
PQ
Record
Va
Surge
Vb
Surge
Vc
Surge
Event Channel (snippet)
Timestamp
PQ
Record
Va
Surge
Vb
Surge
Vc
Surge
Timestamp
0
2013/04/01
02:10:13
PM
0
2013/04/01
02:10:13 PM
1
2013/04/01
02:10:14
PM
1
2013/04/01
02:10:14 PM
x
2013/04/01
02:10:15
PM
2
x
2013/04/01
02:10:16
PM
3
2
3
x
x
2013/04/01
02:10:15 PM
2013/04/01
02:10:16 PM
4
x
x
2013/04/01
02:10:17
PM
4
5
x
x
2013/04/01
02:10:18
PM
5
2013/04/01
02:10:18 PM
6
x
2013/04/01
02:10:19
PM
6
2013/04/01
02:10:19 PM
7
x
2013/04/01
02:10:20
PM
7
2013/04/01
02:10:20 PM
8
2013/04/01
02:10:21
PM
8
9
2013/04/01
02:10:22
PM
9
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x
x
2013/04/01
02:10:17 PM
2013/04/01
02:10:21 PM
2013/04/01
02:10:22 PM
E149701
B-63
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Present State (snippet)
PQ
Record
10
Va
Surge
Vb
Surge
x
Vc
Surge
Event Channel (snippet)
Timestamp
2013/04/01
02:10:23
PM
PQ
Record
Va
Surge
10
Vb
Surge
Vc
Surge
x
Timestamp
2013/04/01
02:10:23 PM
Only the first 3 bits are being shown for the present states and event channel byte
arrays (along with their timestamps) in the example provided and from the snippet
above, three different example scenarios can be observed. The following example
explanations serve only to show the behavior of the two byte arrays as well as show
how to calculate the duration by determining the Out and Return PQ records in the
given situations.
The surge occurring on Channel Vb is an example of a normal PQ event where both
the beginning (Out) and end (Return) can easily be determined. It is shown to have
surged starting from PQ record 2. All the subsequent PQ records continued to surge
on the same channel until reaching PQ record 8. Looking at the event channel byte
array, a change had occurred on both PQ records 2 and 8. Using the information from
both byte arrays, it is easy to see that PQ record 2 is the Out Record and PQ record 8
is the Return Record. Thus the PQ event duration is simply the timestamp difference
between those two records (e.g., 6 seconds).
The following examples describe error conditions which may occur in the PQ records
when PQ trigger conditions are missed. For example, if a surge comes back into limit
while the meter is resetting, it may not record the return to normal event.
Channel Va shows an example of a special case where the surge on PQ record 3 is not
recorded under the Event Channel for that same record. This shows a discrepancy
where a PQ record or numerous PQ records may be missing before the entry of PQ
record 3. Under these situations, it may not be possible to find the Out Record (the
beginning of a PQ event). This can be detected by an Out condition in the Present
states table, with no matching change in the Event Channel table.
Channel Vc shows an example of a special case where the surge on PQ records 4-5 do
not show a return to normal condition in the Event Channel in record 6. This shows a
discrepancy where a PQ record or numerous PQ records may be missing between
records 5 and 6. Under these situations, it may not be possible to find the Return to
Normal Record (the end of a PQ event). This can be detected by an Out condition in
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
the Present states table, followed by a normal condition in the Present states table,
with no matching change in the Event Channel table.
B.6: Important Note Concerning the Shark ® 200 Meter's Modbus
Map
In depicting Modbus Registers (Addresses), the Shark® 200 meter's Modbus map
uses Holding Registers only.
B.6.1: Hex Representation
The representation shown in the table below is used by developers of Modbus drivers
and libraries, SEL 2020/2030 programmers and Firmware Developers. The Shark ®
meter's Modbus map also uses this representation.
Hex
Description
0008 - 000F
Meter Serial Number
B.6.2: Decimal Representation
The Shark ® meter's Modbus map defines Holding Registers as (4X) registers. Many
popular SCADA and HMI packages and their Modbus drivers have user interfaces that
require users to enter these Registers starting at 40001. So instead of entering two
separate values, one for register type and one for the actual register, they have been
combined into one number.
The Shark ® 200 meter's Modbus map uses a shorthand version to depict the decimal
fields, i.e., not all of the digits required for entry into the SCADA package UI are
shown. For example:
You need to display the meter's serial number in your SCADA application. The Shark
® 200 meter's Modbus map shows the following information for meter serial number:
Decimal
Description
9 - 16
Meter Serial Number
In order to retrieve the meter's serial number, enter 40009 into the SCADA UI as the
starting register, and 8 as the number of registers.
• In order to work with SCADA and Driver packages that use the 40001 to 49999
method for requesting holding registers, take 40000 and add the value of the regis-
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
ter (Address) in the decimal column of the Modbus Map. Then enter the number
(e.g., 4009) into the UI as the starting register.
• For SCADA and Driver packages that use the 400001 to 465536 method for
requesting holding registers take 400000 and add the value of the register
(Address) in the decimal column of the Modbus Map. Then enter the number (e.g.,
400009) into the UI as the starting register. The drivers for these packages strip off
the leading four and subtract 1 from the remaining value. This final value is used as
the starting register or register to be included when building the actual modbus
message.
B.7: Modbus Register Map (MM-1 to MM-40)
The Shark® 200 meter's Modbus Register map begins on the following page.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
Fixed Data Section
Identification Block
read-only
0000
-
0007
1 - 8
Meter Name
ASCII
16 char
none
0008
-
000F
9 - 16
Meter Serial Number
ASCII
16 char
0010
-
0010
17 - 17
Meter Type
bit-mapped
none
------st -----vvv
0011
-
0012
18 - 19
Firmware Version
4 char
none
0013
-
0013
20 - 20
Map Version
UINT16
0 to 65535
0014
-
0014
21 - 21
Meter Configuration
UINT16
bit-mapped
none
-----ccc --ffffff
0015
-
0015
22 - 22
ASIC Version
UINT16
0-65535
none
1
0016
-
0017
23 - 24
Boot Firmware Version
4 char
none
2
0018
-
0018
25 - 25
Option Slot 1 Usage
UINT16
bit-mapped
1
0019
-
0019
26 - 26
Option Slot 2 Usage
UINT16
bit-mapped
001A
-
001D
27 - 30
Meter Type Name
same as register 10000
(0x270F)
same as register 11000
(0x2AF7)
none
001E
-
0026
31 - 39
Reserved
Reserved
UINT16
ASCII
ASCII
ASCII
8 char
8
8
t = transducer model (1=yes, 0=no),
s= submeter model(1=yes,0=no),
vvv = V-switch:
V1 = standard 200,
V2 = V1 plus logging,
V3 = V2 plus THD,
V4 = V3 plus relays,
V5 = V4 plus waveform capture up to 64 samples/cycle
and 3 Meg,
V6 = V4 plus waveform capture up to 512 samples/cycle
and 4 Meg
1
2
1
ccc = CT denominator (1 or 5),
ffffff = calibration frequency (50 or 60)
1
1
4
9
0027
-
002E
40 - 47
Reserved
Reserved
8
002F
-
0115
48 - 278
Reserved
Reserved
231
0116
-
0130
279 - 305
Integer Readings Block occupies these registers, see below
0131
-
01F3
306 - 500
Reserved
Reserved
194
01F4
-
0203
501 - 516
Reserved
Reserved
16
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
Meter Data Section (Note 2)
Readings Block ( Integer values)
read-only
0116
-
0116
279 - 279
Volts A-N
UINT16
0 to 9999
volts
1
0117
-
0117
280 - 280
Volts B-N
UINT16
0 to 9999
volts
1
0118
-
0118
281 - 281
Volts C-N
UINT16
0 to 9999
volts
1
0119
-
0119
282 - 282
Volts A-B
UINT16
0 to 9999
volts
1
011A
-
011A
283 - 283
Volts B-C
UINT16
0 to 9999
volts
1
011B
-
011B
284 - 284
Volts C-A
UINT16
0 to 9999
volts
1
011C
-
011C
285 - 285
Amps A
UINT16
0 to 9999
amps
1
011D
-
011D
286 - 286
Amps B
UINT16
0 to 9999
amps
1
011E
-
011E
287 - 287
Amps C
UINT16
0 to 9999
amps
011F
-
011F
288 - 288
Neutral Current
UINT16
-9999 to +9999
amps
0120
-
0120
289 - 289
Watts, 3-Ph total
SINT16
-9999 to +9999
watts
0121
-
0121
290 - 290
VARs, 3-Ph total
SINT16
-9999 to +9999
VARs
0122
-
0122
291 - 291
VAs, 3-Ph total
UINT16
0 to +9999
VAs
0123
-
0123
292 - 292
Power Factor, 3-Ph total
SINT16
-1000 to +1000
none
0124
-
0124
293 - 293
Frequency
UINT16
0 to 9999
Hz
0125
-
0125
294 - 294
Watts, Phase A
SINT16
-9999 M to +9999
watts
0126
-
0126
295 - 295
Watts, Phase B
SINT16
-9999 M to +9999
watts
0127
-
0127
296 - 296
Watts, Phase C
SINT16
-9999 M to +9999
watts
0128
-
0128
297 - 297
VARs, Phase A
SINT16
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
1
0129
-
0129
298 - 298
VARs, Phase B
SINT16
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
1
012A
-
012A
299 - 299
VARs, Phase C
SINT16
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
1
012B
-
012B
300 - 300
VAs, Phase A
UINT16
0 to +9999
VAs
1
012C
-
012C
301 - 301
VAs, Phase B
UINT16
0 to +9999
VAs
1
012D
-
012D
302 - 302
VAs, Phase C
UINT16
0 to +9999
VAs
1
012E
-
012E
303 - 303
Power Factor, Phase A
SINT16
-1000 to +1000
none
1
012F
-
012F
304 - 304
Power Factor, Phase B
SINT16
-1000 to +1000
none
1
0130
-
0130
305 - 305
Power Factor, Phase C
SINT16
-1000 to +1000
none
1
1.Use the settings from Programmable settings for scale
and decimal point location. (see User Settings Flags)
1
2. Per phase power and PF have values
only for WYE hookup and will be
zero for all other hookups.
1
1
1
1
3. If the reading is 10000 that means that the value is out
of range. Please adjust the programmable settings in
that case. The display will also show '----' in case of over
range.
1
1
1
1
Block Size:
Primary Readings Block
1
27
read-only
03E7
-
03E8
1000 - 1001
Volts A-N
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
03E9
-
03EA
1002 - 1003
Volts B-N
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
03EB
-
03EC
1004 - 1005
Volts C-N
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
03ED
-
03EE
1006 - 1007
Volts A-B
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
03EF
-
03F0
1008 - 1009
Volts B-C
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
03F1
-
03F2
1010 - 1011
Volts C-A
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
03F3
-
03F4
1012 - 1013
Amps A
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
amps
2
03F5
-
03F6
1014 - 1015
Amps B
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
amps
2
03F7
-
03F8
1016 - 1017
Amps C
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
amps
2
03F9
-
03FA
1018 - 1019
Watts, 3-Ph total
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
03FB
-
03FC
1020 - 1021
VARs, 3-Ph total
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
The Leader In Power Monitoring and Smart Grid Solutions
Doc# E149701
MM-2
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
03FD
-
03FE
1022 - 1023
VAs, 3-Ph total
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
2
03FF
-
0400
1024 - 1025
Power Factor, 3-Ph total
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
0401
-
0402
1026 - 1027
Frequency
FLOAT
0 to 65.00
Hz
2
0403
-
0404
1028 - 1029
Neutral Current
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
amps
2
0405
-
0406
1030 - 1031
Watts, Phase A
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
0407
-
0408
1032 - 1033
Watts, Phase B
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
0409
-
040A
1034 - 1035
Watts, Phase C
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
040B
-
040C
1036 - 1037
VARs, Phase A
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
040D
-
040E
1038 - 1039
VARs, Phase B
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
040F
-
0410
1040 - 1041
VARs, Phase C
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
0411
-
0412
1042 - 1043
VAs, Phase A
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
0413
-
0414
1044 - 1045
VAs, Phase B
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
0415
-
0416
1046 - 1047
VAs, Phase C
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
2
0417
-
0418
1048 - 1049
Power Factor, Phase A
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
Per phase power and PF have values
only for WYE hookup and will be
zero for all other hookups.
2
2
2
0419
-
041A
1050 - 1051
Power Factor, Phase B
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
041B
-
041C
1052 - 1053
Power Factor, Phase C
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
041D
041F
0421
0423
0424
0425
0426
0427
0428
-
041E
0420
0422
0423
0424
0425
0426
0427
0428
1054
1056
1058
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
Symmetrical Component Magnitude, 0 Seq
Symmetrical Component Magnitude, + Seq
Symmetrical Component Magnitude, - Seq
Symmetrical Component Phase, 0 Seq
Symmetrical Component Phase, + Seq
Symmetrical Component Phase, - Seq
Unbalance, 0 sequence component
Unbalance, -sequence component
Current Unbalance
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
0 to 9999 M
-1800 to +1800
-1800 to +1800
-1800 to +1800
0 to 65535
0 to 65535
0 to 20000
volts
volts
volts
0.1 degree
0.1 degree
0.1 degree
0.01%
0.01%
0.01%
-
1055
1057
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
FLOAT
FLOAT
FLOAT
SINT16
SINT16
SINT16
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
Voltage unbalance per IEC6100-4.30
Values apply only to WYE hookup and
will be zero for all other hookups.
Block Size:
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
66
read-only
Primary Energy Block
05DB
-
05DC
1500 - 1501
W-hours, Received
SINT32
05DF
-
05E0
1504 - 1505
W-hours, Net
SINT32
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
-99999999 to 99999999
05DD
-
05DE
1502 - 1503
W-hours, Delivered
SINT32
05E1
-
05E2
1506 - 1507
W-hours, Total
SINT32
0 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
* Wh received & delivered always have opposite signs
2
Wh per energy format
* Wh received is positive for "view as load", delivered is
positive for "view as generator"
2
Wh per energy format
Wh per energy format
2
* 5 to 8 digits
2
* decimal point implied, per energy format
05E3
-
05E4
1508 - 1509
VAR-hours, Positive
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
05E5
-
05E6
1510 - 1511
VAR-hours, Negative
SINT32
0 to -99999999
VARh per energy format
05E7
-
05E8
1512 - 1513
VAR-hours, Net
SINT32
-99999999 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
* resolution of digit before decimal point = units, kilo, or
mega, per energy format
* see note 10
2
2
2
05E9
-
05EA
1514 - 1515
VAR-hours, Total
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
05EB
-
05EC
1516 - 1517
VA-hours, Total
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VAh per energy format
2
05ED
-
05EE
1518 - 1519
W-hours, Received, Phase A
SINT32
Wh per energy format
2
05EF
-
05F0
1520 - 1521
W-hours, Received, Phase B
SINT32
Wh per energy format
2
05F1
-
05F2
1522 - 1523
W-hours, Received, Phase C
SINT32
Wh per energy format
2
05F3
-
05F4
1524 - 1525
W-hours, Delivered, Phase A
SINT32
Wh per energy format
2
05F5
-
05F6
1526 - 1527
W-hours, Delivered, Phase B
SINT32
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
Wh per energy format
2
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
The Leader In Power Monitoring and Smart Grid Solutions
Doc# E149701
2
MM-3
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
05F7
-
05F8
1528 - 1529
W-hours, Delivered, Phase C
SINT32
05F9
-
05FA
1530 - 1531
W-hours, Net, Phase A
05FB
-
05FC
1532 - 1533
05FD
-
05FE
05FF
-
0600
0601
-
0603
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
Wh per energy format
2
SINT32
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
-99999999 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
2
W-hours, Net, Phase B
SINT32
-99999999 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
2
1534 - 1535
W-hours, Net, Phase C
SINT32
-99999999 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
2
1536 - 1537
W-hours, Total, Phase A
SINT32
0 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
2
0602
1538 - 1539
W-hours, Total, Phase B
SINT32
0 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
2
-
0604
1540 - 1541
W-hours, Total, Phase C
SINT32
0 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
2
0605
-
0606
1542 - 1543
VAR-hours, Positive, Phase A
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0607
-
0608
1544 - 1545
VAR-hours, Positive, Phase B
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0609
-
060A
1546 - 1547
VAR-hours, Positive, Phase C
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
060B
-
060C
1548 - 1549
VAR-hours, Negative, Phase A
SINT32
0 to -99999999
VARh per energy format
2
060D
-
060E
1550 - 1551
VAR-hours, Negative, Phase B
SINT32
0 to -99999999
VARh per energy format
2
060F
-
0610
1552 - 1553
VAR-hours, Negative, Phase C
SINT32
0 to -99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0611
-
0612
1554 - 1555
VAR-hours, Net, Phase A
SINT32
-99999999 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0613
-
0614
1556 - 1557
VAR-hours, Net, Phase B
SINT32
-99999999 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0615
-
0616
1558 - 1559
VAR-hours, Net, Phase C
SINT32
-99999999 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0617
-
0618
1560 - 1561
VAR-hours, Total, Phase A
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0619
-
061A
1562 - 1563
VAR-hours, Total, Phase B
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
061B
-
061C
1564 - 1565
VAR-hours, Total, Phase C
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
061D
-
061E
1566 - 1567
VA-hours, Phase A
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VAh per energy format
2
061F
-
0620
1568 - 1569
VA-hours, Phase B
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VAh per energy format
2
0621
-
0622
1570 - 1571
VA-hours, Phase C
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VAh per energy format
0623
-
0624
1572 - 1573
W-hours, Received, rollover count
UINT32
0 to 4,294,967,294
0625
-
0626
1574 - 1575
W-hours, Delivered, rollover count
UINT32
0 to 4,294,967,294
0627
-
0628
1576 - 1577
VAR-hours, Positive, rollover count
UINT32
0 to 4,294,967,294
0629
-
062A
1578 - 1579
VAR-hours, Negative, rollover count
UINT32
0 to 4,294,967,294
2
062B
-
062C
1580 - 1581
VA-hours, rollover count
UINT32
0 to 4,294,967,294
2
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
The Leader In Power Monitoring and Smart Grid Solutions
Doc# E149701
2
These registers count the number of times their
corresponding energy accumulators have wrapped from
+max to 0. They are reset when energy is reset.
2
2
2
MM-4
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
062D
-
062E
1582 - 1583
W-hours in the Interval, Received
SINT32
062F
-
0630
1584 - 1585
W-hours in the Interval, Delivered
SINT32
0631
-
0632
1586 - 1587
VAR-hours in the Interval, Positive
0633
-
0634
1588 - 1589
VAR-hours in the Interval, Negative
0635
-
0636
1590 - 1591
0637
-
0638
0639
-
063B
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
SINT32
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
SINT32
0 to -99999999
VARh per energy format
VA-hours in the Interval, Total
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VAh per energy format
1592 - 1593
W-hours in the Interval, Received, Phase A
SINT32
Wh per energy format
063A
1594 - 1595
W-hours in the Interval, Received, Phase B
SINT32
-
063C
1596 - 1597
W-hours in the Interval, Received, Phase C
SINT32
063D
-
063E
1598 - 1599
W-hours in the Interval, Delivered, Phase A
SINT32
063F
-
0640
1600 - 1601
W-hours in the Interval, Delivered, Phase B
SINT32
0641
-
0642
1602 - 1603
W-hours in the Interval, Delivered, Phase C
SINT32
0643
-
0644
1604 - 1605
VAR-hours in the Interval, Positive, Phase A
SINT32
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999
0645
-
0646
1606 - 1607
VAR-hours in the Interval, Positive, Phase B
SINT32
0 to 99999999
0647
-
0648
1608 - 1609
VAR-hours in the Interval, Positive, Phase C
SINT32
0649
-
064A
1610 - 1611
VAR-hours in the Interval, Negative, Phase A
064B
-
064C
1612 - 1613
063D
-
064E
064F
-
0651
0653
Comments
# Reg
Wh per energy format
* Wh received & delivered always have opposite signs
2
Wh per energy format
* Wh received is positive for "view as load" , delivered is
positive for "view as generator"
2
2
* 5 to 8 digits
2
2
* decimal point implied, per energy format
2
Wh per energy format
* resolution of digit before decimal point = units, kilo, or
mega, per energy format
2
Wh per energy format
* see note 10
2
Wh per energy format
2
Wh per energy format
2
Wh per energy format
2
VARh per energy format
2
VARh per energy format
2
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
SINT32
0 to -99999999
VARh per energy format
2
VAR-hours in the Interval, Negative, Phase B
SINT32
0 to -99999999
VARh per energy format
2
1614 - 1615
VAR-hours in the Interval, Negative, Phase C
SINT32
0 to -99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0650
1616 - 1617
VA-hours in the Interval, Phase A
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VAh per energy format
2
-
0652
1618 - 1619
VA-hours in the Interval, Phase B
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VAh per energy format
2
-
0654
1620 - 1621
VA-hours in the Interval, Phase C
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VAh per energy format
2
Block Size:
read-only
Primary Demand Block
07CC
-
07CE
122
1997 - 1999
Demand Interval End Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
Ex. Timestamp hh:mm:ss is 03:15:00 and interval size is
15 minutes. Demand interval was 3:00:00 to 3:15:00.
Note: Timestamp is zero until the end of the first interval
after meter startup.
3
07CF
-
07D0
2000 - 2001
Amps A, Average
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
amps
2
07D1
-
07D2
2002 - 2003
Amps B, Average
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
amps
2
07D3
-
07D4
2004 - 2005
Amps C, Average
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
amps
2
07D5
-
07D6
2006 - 2007
Positive Watts, 3-Ph, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
07D7
-
07D8
2008 - 2009
Positive VARs, 3-Ph, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
07D9
-
07DA
2010 - 2011
Negative Watts, 3-Ph, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
07DB
-
07DC
2012 - 2013
Negative VARs, 3-Ph, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
07DD
-
07DE
2014 - 2015
VAs, 3-Ph, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
2
07DF
-
07E0
2016 - 2017
Positive PF, 3-Ph, Average
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
07E1
-
07E2
2018 - 2019
Negative PF, 3-PF, Average
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
07E3
-
07E4
2020 - 2021
Neutral Current, Average
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
amps
2
07E5
-
07E6
2022 - 2023
Positive Watts, Phase A, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
07E7
-
07E8
2024 - 2025
Positive Watts, Phase B, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
07E9
-
07EA
2026 - 2027
Positive Watts, Phase C, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
07EB
-
07EC
2028 - 2029
Positive VARs, Phase A, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
07ED
-
07EE
2030 - 2031
Positive VARs, Phase B, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
07EF
-
07F0
2032 - 2033
Positive VARs, Phase C, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
The Leader In Power Monitoring and Smart Grid Solutions
Doc# E149701
MM-5
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
07F1
-
07F2
2034 - 2035
Negative Watts, Phase A, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
07F3
-
07F4
2036 - 2037
Negative Watts, Phase B, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
07F5
-
07F6
2038 - 2039
Negative Watts, Phase C, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
07F7
-
07F8
2040 - 2041
Negative VARs, Phase A, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
07F9
-
07FA
2042 - 2043
Negative VARs, Phase B, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
07FB
-
07FC
2044 - 2045
Negative VARs, Phase C, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
07FD
-
07FE
2046 - 2047
VAs, Phase A, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
2
07FF
-
0800
2048 - 2049
VAs, Phase B, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
2
0801
-
0802
2050 - 2051
VAs, Phase C, Average
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
2
0803
-
0804
2052 - 2053
Positive PF, Phase A, Average
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
2
0805
-
0806
2054 - 2055
Positive PF, Phase B, Average
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
0807
-
0808
2056 - 2057
Positive PF, Phase C, Average
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
0809
-
080A
2058 - 2059
Negative PF, Phase A, Average
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
080B
-
080C
2060 - 2061
Negative PF, Phase B, Average
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
080D
-
080E
2062 - 2063
Negative PF, Phase C, Average
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
Block Size:
64
read-only
Uncompensated Readings Block
0BB7
-
0BB8
3000 - 3001
Watts, 3-Ph total
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
0BB9
-
0BBA
3002 - 3003
VARs, 3-Ph total
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
0BBB
-
0BBC
3004 - 3005
VAs, 3-Ph total
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
2
0BBD
-
0BBE
3006 - 3007
Power Factor, 3-Ph total
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
0BBF
-
0BC0
3008 - 3009
Watts, Phase A
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
0BC1
-
0BC2
3010 - 3011
Watts, Phase B
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
0BC3
-
0BC4
3012 - 3013
Watts, Phase C
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
0BC5
-
0BC6
3014 - 3015
VARs, Phase A
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
OBC7
-
0BC8
3016 - 3017
VARs, Phase B
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
0BC9
-
0BCA
3018 - 3019
VARs, Phase C
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
Per phase power and PF have values
only for WYE hookup and will be
zero for all other hookups.
2
0BCB
-
0BCC
3020 - 3021
VAs, Phase A
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
0BCD
-
0BCE
3022 - 3023
VAs, Phase B
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
2
0BCF
-
0BD0
3024 - 3025
VAs, Phase C
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
2
0BD1
-
0BD2
3026 - 3027
Power Factor, Phase A
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
2
0BD3
-
0BD4
3028 - 3029
Power Factor, Phase B
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
0BD5
-
0BD6
3030 - 3031
Power Factor, Phase C
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
-99999999 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
* Wh received & delivered always have opposite signs
2
Wh per energy format
* Wh received is positive for "view as load", delivered is
positive for "view as generator"
2
0BD7
-
0BD8
3032 - 3033
W-hours, Received
SINT32
0BD9
-
0BDA
3034 - 3035
W-hours, Delivered
SINT32
0BDB
-
0BDC
3036 - 3037
W-hours, Net
SINT32
Wh per energy format
2
* 5 to 8 digits
0BDD
-
0BDE
3038 - 3039
W-hours, Total
SINT32
0 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
0BDF
-
0BE0
3040 - 3041
VAR-hours, Positive
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
0BE1
-
0BE2
3042 - 3043
VAR-hours, Negative
SINT32
0 to -99999999
VARh per energy format
0BE3
-
0BE4
3044 - 3045
VAR-hours, Net
SINT32
-99999999 to 99999999
2
* decimal point implied, per energy format
2
VARh per energy format
* resolution of digit before decimal point = units, kilo, or
mega, per energy format
2
* see note 10
2
0BE5
-
0BE6
3046 - 3047
VAR-hours, Total
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
0BE7
-
0BE8
3048 - 3049
VA-hours, Total
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VAh per energy format
2
0BE9
-
0BEA
3050 - 3051
W-hours, Received, Phase A
SINT32
2
-
0BEC
3052 - 3053
W-hours, Received, Phase B
SINT32
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
Wh per energy format
0BEB
Wh per energy format
2
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
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Doc# E149701
2
MM-6
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
0BED
-
0BEE
3054 - 3055
W-hours, Received, Phase C
SINT32
0BEF
-
0BF0
3056 - 3057
W-hours, Delivered, Phase A
SINT32
0BF1
-
0BF2
3058 - 3059
W-hours, Delivered, Phase B
SINT32
0BF3
-
0BF4
3060 - 3061
W-hours, Delivered, Phase C
SINT32
0BF5
-
0BF6
3062 - 3063
W-hours, Net, Phase A
0BF7
-
0BF8
3064 - 3065
0BF9
-
0BFA
3066 - 3067
Range (Note 6)
SINT32
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
0 to 99999999 or
0 to -99999999
-99999999 to 99999999
W-hours, Net, Phase B
SINT32
W-hours, Net, Phase C
SINT32
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
Wh per energy format
2
Wh per energy format
2
Wh per energy format
2
Wh per energy format
2
Wh per energy format
2
-99999999 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
2
-99999999 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
2
0BFB
-
0BFC
3068 - 3069
W-hours, Total, Phase A
SINT32
0 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
2
0BFD
-
0BFE
3070 - 3071
W-hours, Total, Phase B
SINT32
0 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
2
0BFF
-
0C00
3072 - 3073
W-hours, Total, Phase C
SINT32
0 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
2
0C01
-
0C02
3074 - 3075
VAR-hours, Positive, Phase A
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0C03
-
0C04
3076 - 3077
VAR-hours, Positive, Phase B
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0C05
-
0C06
3078 - 3079
VAR-hours, Positive, Phase C
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0C07
-
0C08
3080 - 3081
VAR-hours, Negative, Phase A
SINT32
0 to -99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0C09
-
0C0A
3082 - 3083
VAR-hours, Negative, Phase B
SINT32
0 to -99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0C0B
-
0C0C
3084 - 3085
VAR-hours, Negative, Phase C
SINT32
0 to -99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0C0D
-
0C0E
3086 - 3087
VAR-hours, Net, Phase A
SINT32
-99999999 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0C0F
-
0C10
3088 - 3089
VAR-hours, Net, Phase B
SINT32
-99999999 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0C11
-
0C12
3090 - 3091
VAR-hours, Net, Phase C
SINT32
-99999999 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0C13
-
0C14
3092 - 3093
VAR-hours, Total, Phase A
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0C15
-
0C16
3094 - 3095
VAR-hours, Total, Phase B
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0C17
-
0C18
3096 - 3097
VAR-hours, Total, Phase C
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
0C19
-
0C1A
3098 - 3099
VA-hours, Phase A
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VAh per energy format
2
0C1B
-
0C1C
3100 - 3101
VA-hours, Phase B
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VAh per energy format
2
0C1D
-
0C1E
3102 - 3103
VA-hours, Phase C
SINT32
0 to 99999999
VAh per energy format
2
Block Size:
104
read-only
Phase Angle Block
1003
-
1003
4100 - 4100
Phase A Current
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
0.1 degree
1
1004
-
1004
4101 - 4101
Phase B Current
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
0.1 degree
1
1005
-
1005
4102 - 4102
Phase C Current
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
0.1 degree
1
1006
-
1006
4103 - 4103
Angle, Volts A-B
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
0.1 degree
1
1007
-
1007
4104 - 4104
Angle, Volts B-C
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
0.1 degree
1
1008
-
1008
4105 - 4105
Angle, Volts C-A
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
0.1 degree
1
Block Size:
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
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Doc# E149701
6
MM-7
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
read-only
Status Block
1193
-
1193
4500 - 4500
Port ID
UINT16
1 to 4
none
1194
-
1194
4501 - 4501
Meter Status
UINT16
bit-mapped
mmmpch-- tffeeccc
1195
-
1195
4502 - 4502
Limits Status
UINT16
bit-mapped
87654321 87654321
0 to 4294967294
4 msec
1196
-
1197
4503 - 4504
Time Since Reset
UINT32
1198
-
119A
4505 - 4507
Meter On Time
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
119B
-
119D
4508 - 4510
Current Date and Time
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
119E
-
119E
4511 - 4511
Clock Sync Status
UINT16
bit-mapped
1 sec
mmmp pppe 0000 000s
119F
-
119F
4512 - 4512
Current Day of Week
UINT16
1 to 7
1 day
Identifies which Shark COM port a master is connected
to; 1 for COM1, 2 for COM2, etc.
mmm = measurement state (0=off, 1=running normally,
2=limp mode, 3=warmup, 6&7=boot, others unused)
See note 16.
pch = NVMEM block OK flags (p=profile, c=calibration,
h=header), flag is 1 if OK
t - CT PT compensation status. (0=Disabled,1=Enabled)
ff = flash state (0=initializing, 1=logging disabled by
Vswitch, 3=logging)
ee = edit state (0=startup, 1=normal, 2=privileged
command session, 3=profile update mode)
ccc = port enabled for edit(0=none, 1-4=COM1-COM4,
7=front panel)
1
high byte is setpt 1, 0=in, 1=out
low byte is setpt 2, 0=in, 1=out
see notes 11, 12, 17
wraps around after max count
1
1
2
3
3
mmmp pppe = configuration per programmable settings
(see register 30011, 0x753A)
s = status: 1=working properly, 0=not working
1=Sun, 2=Mon, etc.
Block Size:
1
1
13
read-only
THD Block (Note 13)
176F
-
176F
6000 - 6000
Volts A-N or Volts AB, %THD
UINT16
0 to 10000
0.01%
AN for wye hookups, AB for delta
1
1770
-
1770
6001 - 6001
Volts B-N or Volts CB, %THD
UINT16
0 to 10000
0.01%
BN for wye hookups, CB for delta
1
1771
-
1771
6002 - 6002
Volts C-N, %THD
UINT16
0 to 10000
0.01%
1
1772
-
1772
6003 - 6003
Amps A, %THD
UINT16
0 to 10000
0.01%
1
1773
-
1773
6004 - 6004
Amps B, %THD
UINT16
0 to 10000
0.01%
1
1774
-
1774
6005 - 6005
Amps C, %THD
UINT16
0 to 10000
0.01%
1775
-
179C
6006 - 6045
Phase A or AB Voltage harmonic magnitudes
UINT16
0 to 10000
0.01%
179D
-
17C4
6046 - 6085
Phase A or AB Voltage harmonic phases
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
0.1 degree
17C5
-
17EC
6086 - 6125
Phase A Current harmonic magnitudes
UINT16
0 to 10000
0.01%
17ED
-
1814
6126 - 6165
Phase A Current harmonic phases
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
0.1 degree
1815
-
183C
6166 - 6205
Phase B or CB Voltage harmonic magnitudes
UINT16
0 to 10000
0.01%
183D
-
1864
6206 - 6245
Phase B or CB Voltage harmonic phases
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
0.1 degree
1865
-
188C
6246 - 6285
Phase B Current harmonic magnitudes
UINT16
0 to 10000
0.01%
188D
-
18B4
6286 - 6325
Phase B Current harmonic phases
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
0.1 degree
18B5
-
18DC
6326 - 6365
Phase C Voltage harmonic magnitudes
UINT16
0 to 10000
0.01%
40
18DD
-
1904
6366 - 6405
Phase C Voltage harmonic phases
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
0.1 degree
40
1905
-
192C
6406 - 6445
Phase C Current harmonic magnitudes
UINT16
0 to 10000
0.01%
40
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
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Doc# E149701
1
In each group of 40 registers, the first register represents
the fundamental frequency or first harmonic, the second
represents the second harmonic, and so on up to the
40th register which represents the 40th harmonic.
40
Harmonic magnitudes are given as % of the fundamental
magnitude. Thus the first register in each group of 40
will typically be 9999. A reading of 10000 indicates
invalid.
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
MM-8
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
192D
-
1954
6446 - 6485
Phase C Current harmonic phases
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
1955
-
1955
6486 - 6486
Wave Scope scale factor for channel Va or Vab
UINT16
0 to 32767
0.1 degree
40
1956
-
1956
6487 - 6487
Wave Scope scale factors for channel Ib
UINT16
0 to 32767
1957
-
1958
6488 - 6489
UINT16
0 to 32767
V or A = (sample * scale factor) / 1,000,000
2
1959
-
195A
6490 - 6491
UINT16
0 to 32767
Samples update in conjunction with THD and harmonics;
samples not available (all zeroes) if THD not available.
2
195B
-
199A
6492 - 6555
Wave Scope scale factors for channels Vb (or
Vcb) and Ib
Wave Scope scale factors for channels Vc and
Ic
Wave Scope samples for channel Va or Vab
SINT16
-32768 to +32767
64
199B
-
19DA
6556 - 6619
Wave Scope samples for channel Ia
SINT16
-32768 to +32767
64
1
Convert individual samples to volts or amps:
1
19DB
-
1A1A
6620 - 6683
Wave Scope samples for channel Vb or Vcb
SINT16
-32768 to +32767
64
1A1B
-
1A5A
6684 - 6747
Wave Scope samples for channel Ib
SINT16
-32768 to +32767
64
1A5B
-
1A9A
6748 - 6811
Wave Scope samples for channel Vc
SINT16
-32768 to +32767
64
1A9B
-
1ADA
6812 - 6875
Wave Scope samples for channel Ic
SINT16
-32768 to +32767
64
Block Size:
read-only
Short term Primary Minimum Block
1F27
-
1F28
7976 - 7977
1F29
-
1F2A
7978 - 7979
1F2B
-
1F2C
7980 - 7981
876
1F2F
-
1F30
7984 - 7985
1F31
-
1F32
7986 - 7987
1F33
-
1F34
7988 - 7989
Volts A-N, previous Demand interval Short Term
Minimum
Volts B-N, previous Demand interval Short Term
Minimum
Volts C-N, previous Demand interval Short Term
Minimum
Volts A-B, previous Demand interval Short Term
Minimum
Volts B-C, previous Demand interval Short Term
Minimum
Volts C-A, previous Demand interval Short Term
Minimum
Volts A-N, Short Term Minimum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
1F35
-
1F36
7990 - 7991
Volts B-N, Short Term Minimum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
1F2D
-
1F2E
7982 - 7983
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
Minimum instantaneous value measured during the
demand interval before the one most recently completed.
2
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
1F37
-
1F38
7992 - 7993
Volts C-N, Short Term Minimum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
1F39
-
1F3A
7994 - 7995
Volts A-B, Short Term Minimum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
1F3B
-
1F3C
7996 - 7997
Volts B-C, Short Term Minimum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
1F3D
-
1F3E
7998 - 7999
Volts C-A, Short Term Minimum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
Minimum instantaneous value measured during the most
recently completed demand interval.
2
2
2
2
Block Size:
24
read-only
Primary Minimum Block
1F3F
-
1F40
8000 - 8001
Volts A-N, Minimum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
1F41
-
1F42
8002 - 8003
Volts B-N, Minimum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
2
1F43
-
1F44
8004 - 8005
Volts C-N, Minimum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
1F45
-
1F46
8006 - 8007
Volts A-B, Minimum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
1F47
-
1F48
8008 - 8009
Volts B-C, Minimum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
1F49
-
1F4A
8010 - 8011
Volts C-A, Minimum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
1F4B
-
1F4C
8012 - 8013
Amps A, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
amps
2
1F4D
-
1F4E
8014 - 8015
Amps B, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
amps
2
1F4F
-
1F50
8016 - 8017
Amps C, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
amps
2
1F51
-
1F52
8018 - 8019
Positive Watts, 3-Ph, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
0 to +9999 M
watts
2
1F53
-
1F54
8020 - 8021
Positive VARs, 3-Ph, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
0 to +9999 M
VARs
2
1F55
-
1F56
8022 - 8023
Negative Watts, 3-Ph, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
0 to +9999 M
watts
2
1F57
-
1F58
8024 - 8025
Negative VARs, 3-Ph, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
0 to +9999 M
VARs
2
1F59
-
1F5A
8026 - 8027
VAs, 3-Ph, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
2
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
The Leader In Power Monitoring and Smart Grid Solutions
Doc# E149701
MM-9
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
1F5B
-
1F5C
8028 - 8029
1F5D
-
1F5E
8030 - 8031
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
1F5F
-
1F60
8032 - 8033
Positive Power Factor, 3-Ph, Minimum Avg
Demand
Negative Power Factor, 3-Ph, Minimum Avg
Demand
Frequency, Minimum
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
FLOAT
0 to 65.00
Hz
2
1F61
-
1F62
8034 - 8035
Neutral Current, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
amps
2
1F63
-
1F64
8036 - 8037
Positive Watts, Phase A, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
1F65
-
1F66
8038 - 8039
Positive Watts, Phase B, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
1F67
-
1F68
8040 - 8041
Positive Watts, Phase C, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
1F69
-
1F6A
8042 - 8043
Positive VARs, Phase A, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
1F6B
-
1F6C
8044 - 8045
Positive VARs, Phase B, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
1F6D
-
1F6E
8046 - 8047
Positive VARs, Phase C, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
1F6F
-
1F70
8048 - 8049
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
1F71
-
1F72
8050 - 8051
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
1F73
-
1F74
8052 - 8053
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
1F75
-
1F76
8054 - 8055
Negative Watts, Phase A, Minimum Avg
Demand
Negative Watts, Phase B, Minimum Avg
Demand
Negative Watts, Phase C, Minimum Avg
Demand
Negative VARs, Phase A, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
1F77
-
1F78
8056 - 8057
Negative VARs, Phase B, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
1F79
-
1F7A
8058 - 8059
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
1F7B
-
1F7C
8060 - 8061
Negative VARs, Phase C, Minimum Avg
Demand
VAs, Phase A, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
2
1F7D
-
1F7E
8062 - 8063
VAs, Phase B, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
2
1F7F
-
1F80
8064 - 8065
VAs, Phase C, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
2
1F81
-
1F82
8066 - 8067
Positive PF, Phase A, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
1F83
-
1F84
8068 - 8069
Positive PF, Phase B, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
1F85
-
1F86
8070 - 8071
Positive PF, Phase C, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
1F87
-
1F88
8072 - 8073
Negative PF, Phase A, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
1F89
-
1F8A
8074 - 8075
Negative PF, Phase B, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
1F8B
-
1F8C
8076 - 8077
Negative PF, Phase C, Minimum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
1F8D
-
1F8D
8078 - 8078
Volts A-N, %THD, Minimum
UINT16
0 to 9999
0.01%
1
1F8E
-
1F8E
8079 - 8079
Volts B-N, %THD, Minimum
UINT16
0 to 9999
0.01%
1
1F8F
-
1F8F
8080 - 8080
Volts C-N, %THD, Minimum
UINT16
0 to 9999
0.01%
1
1F90
-
1F90
8081 - 8081
Amps A, %THD, Minimum
UINT16
0 to 9999
0.01%
1
1F91
-
1F91
8082 - 8082
Amps B, %THD, Minimum
UINT16
0 to 9999
0.01%
1
1F92
-
1F92
8083 - 8083
Amps C, %THD, Minimum
UINT16
0 to 9999
0.01%
1
1F93
-
1F94
8084 - 8085
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
1F95
-
1F96
8086 - 8087
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
1F97
-
1F98
8088 - 8089
Symmetrical Component Magnitude, 0 Seq,
Minimum
Symmetrical Component Magnitude, + Seq,
Minimum
Symmetrical Component Magnitude, - Seq,
Minimum
Symmetrical Component Phase, 0 Seq,
Minimum
Symmetrical Component Phase, + Seq,
Minimum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
1F99
-
1F99
8090 - 8090
1F9A
-
1F9A
8091 - 8091
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
The Leader In Power Monitoring and Smart Grid Solutions
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
0.1 degree
1
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
0.1 degree
1
Doc# E149701
MM-10
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
1F9B
-
1F9B
8092 - 8092
Symmetrical Component Phase, - Seq, Minimum SINT16
-1800 to +1800
0.1 degree
1F9C
1F9D
1F9E
-
1F9C
1F9D
1F9E
8093 - 8093
8094 - 8094
8095 - 8095
Unbalance, 0 sequence, Minimum
Unbalance, -sequence, Minimum
Current Unbalance, Minimum
0 to 65535
0 to 65535
0 to 20000
0.01%
0.01%
0.01%
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
Comments
# Reg
1
Block Size:
1
1
1
96
read-only
Primary Minimum Timestamp Block
20CF
-
20D1
8400 - 8402
Volts A-N, Min Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
20D2
-
20D4
8403 - 8405
Volts B-N, Min Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
20D5
-
20D7
8406 - 8408
Volts C-N, Min Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
20D8
-
20DA
8409 - 8411
Volts A-B, Min Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
20DB
-
20DD
8412 - 8414
Volts B-C, Min Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
20DE
-
20E0
8415 - 8417
Volts C-A, Min Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
20E1
-
20E3
8418 - 8420
Amps A, Min Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
20E4
-
20E6
8421 - 8423
Amps B, Min Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
20E7
-
20E9
8424 - 8426
Amps C, Min Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
20EA
-
20EC
8427 - 8429
Positive Watts, 3-Ph, Min Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
20ED
-
20EF
8430 - 8432
Positive VARs, 3-Ph, Min Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
20F0
-
20F2
8433 - 8435
Negative Watts, 3-Ph, Min Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
20F3
-
20F5
8436 - 8438
Negative VARs, 3-Ph, Min Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
20F6
-
20F8
8439 - 8441
VAs, 3-Ph, Min Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
20F9
-
20FB
8442 - 8444
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
20FC
-
20FE
8445 - 8447
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
20FF
-
2101
8448 - 8450
Positive Power Factor, 3-Ph, Min Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Negative Power Factor, 3-Ph, Min Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Frequency, Min Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2102
-
2104
8451 - 8453
Neutral Current, Min Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2100
1 sec
3
2105
-
2107
8454 - 8456
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2108
-
210A
8457 - 8459
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
210B
-
210D
8460 - 8462
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
210E
-
2110
8463 - 8465
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2111
-
2113
8466 - 8468
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2114
-
2116
8469 - 8471
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2117
-
2119
8472 - 8474
Positive Watts, Phase A, Min Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Positive Watts, Phase B, Min Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Positive Watts, Phase C, Min Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Positive VARs, Phase A, Min Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Positive VARs, Phase B, Min Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Positive VARs, Phase C, Min Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Negative Watts, Phase A, Min Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Negative Watts, Phase B, Min Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Negative Watts, Phase C, Min Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Negative VARs, Phase A, Min Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Negative VARs, Phase B, Min Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Negative VARs, Phase C, Min Avg Dmd
Timestamp
VAs, Phase A, Min Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
211A
-
211C
8475 - 8477
211D
-
211F
8478 - 8480
2120
-
2122
8481 - 8483
2123
-
2125
8484 - 8486
2126
-
2128
8487 - 8489
2129
-
212B
8490 - 8492
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
The Leader In Power Monitoring and Smart Grid Solutions
Doc# E149701
MM-11
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
212C
-
212E
8493 - 8495
VAs, Phase B, Min Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
212F
-
2131
8496 - 8498
VAs, Phase C, Min Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2132
-
2134
8499 - 8501
Positive PF, Phase A, Min Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2135
-
2137
8502 - 8504
Positive PF, Phase B, Min Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2138
-
213A
8505 - 8507
Positive PF, Phase C, Min Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
213B
-
213D
8508 - 8510
Negative PF, Phase A, Min Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
213E
-
2140
8511 - 8513
Negative PF, Phase B, Min Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2141
-
2143
8514 - 8516
Negative PF, Phase C, Min Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2144
-
2146
8517 - 8519
Volts A-N, %THD, Min Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2147
-
2149
8520 - 8522
Volts B-N, %THD, Min Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
214A
-
214C
8523 - 8525
Volts C-N, %THD, Min Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
214D
-
214F
8526 - 8528
Amps A, %THD, Min Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2150
-
2152
8529 - 8531
Amps B, %THD, Min Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2153
-
2155
8532 - 8534
Amps C, %THD, Min Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2156
-
2158
8535 - 8537
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2159
-
215B
8538 - 8540
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
215C
-
215E
8541 - 8543
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
215F
-
2161
8544 - 8546
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2162
-
2164
8547 - 8549
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2165
-
2167
8550 - 8552
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2168
2171
2174
-
2170
2173
2176
8553 - 8555
8556 - 8558
8559 - 8561
Symmetrical Comp Magnitude, 0 Seq, Min
Timestamp
Symmetrical Comp Magnitude, + Seq, Min
Timestamp
Symmetrical Comp Magnitude, - Seq, Min
Timestamp
Symmetrical Comp Phase, 0 Seq, Min
Timestamp
Symmetrical Comp Phase, + Seq, Min
Timestamp
Symmetrical Comp Phase, - Seq, Min
Timestamp
Unbalance, 0 Seq, Min Timestamp
Unbalance, - Seq, Min Timestamp
Current Unbalance, Min Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
1 sec
1 sec
3
3
3
162
Block Size:
read-only
Short term Primary Maximum Block
230F
-
2310
8976 - 8977
2311
-
2312
8978 - 8979
2313
-
2314
8980 - 8981
2315
-
2316
8982 - 8983
2317
-
2318
8984 - 8985
2319
-
231A
8986 - 8987
Volts A-N, previous Demand interval Short Term
Maximum
Volts B-N, previous Demand interval Short Term
Maximum
Volts C-N, previous Demand interval Short Term
Maximum
Volts A-B, previous Demand interval Short Term
Maximum
Volts B-C, previous Demand interval Short Term
Maximum
Volts C-A, previous Demand interval Short Term
Maximum
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
The Leader In Power Monitoring and Smart Grid Solutions
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
Doc# E149701
Maximum instantaneous value measured during the
demand interval before the one most recently completed.
MM-12
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
231B
-
231C
8988 - 8989
Volts A-N, Maximum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
231D
-
231E
8990 - 8991
Volts B-N, Maximum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
232F
-
2320
8992 - 8993
Volts C-N, Maximum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2321
-
2322
8994 - 8995
Volts A-B, Maximum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
Maximum instantaneous value measured during the most
recently completed demand interval.
2
2
2323
-
2324
8996 - 8997
Volts B-C, Maximum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
2325
-
2326
8998 - 8999
Volts C-A, Maximum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
Block Size:
12
read-only
Primary Maximum Block
2327
-
2328
9000 - 9001
Volts A-N, Maximum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
2329
-
232A
9002 - 9003
Volts B-N, Maximum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
232B
-
232C
9004 - 9005
Volts C-N, Maximum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
232D
-
232E
9006 - 9007
Volts A-B, Maximum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
232F
-
2330
9008 - 9009
Volts B-C, Maximum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
2331
-
2332
9010 - 9011
Volts C-A, Maximum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
2
2333
-
2334
9012 - 9013
Amps A, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
amps
2335
-
2336
9014 - 9015
Amps B, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
amps
2
2337
-
2338
9016 - 9017
Amps C, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
amps
2
2339
-
233A
9018 - 9019
Positive Watts, 3-Ph, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
0 to +9999 M
watts
2
233B
-
233C
9020 - 9021
Positive VARs, 3-Ph, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
0 to +9999 M
VARs
2
2
233D
-
233E
9022 - 9023
Negative Watts, 3-Ph, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
0 to +9999 M
watts
233F
-
2340
9024 - 9025
Negative VARs, 3-Ph, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
0 to +9999 M
VARs
2
2341
-
2342
9026 - 9027
VAs, 3-Ph, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
2
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
2343
-
2344
9028 - 9029
2345
-
2346
9030 - 9031
2347
-
2348
9032 - 9033
Positive Power Factor, 3-Ph, Maximum Avg
Demand
Negative Power Factor, 3-Ph, Maximum Avg
Demand
Frequency, Maximum
FLOAT
0 to 65.00
Hz
2
2349
-
234A
9034 - 9035
Neutral Current, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
amps
2
234B
-
234C
9036 - 9037
Positive Watts, Phase A, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
234D
-
234E
9038 - 9039
Positive Watts, Phase B, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
234F
-
2350
9040 - 9041
Positive Watts, Phase C, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
2351
-
2352
9042 - 9043
Positive VARs, Phase A, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
2353
-
2354
9044 - 9045
Positive VARs, Phase B, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
2355
-
2356
9046 - 9047
Positive VARs, Phase C, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
2357
-
2358
9048 - 9049
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
2359
-
235A
9050 - 9051
Negative Watts, Phase A, Maximum Avg
Demand
Negative Watts, Phase B, Maximum Avg
Demand
Negative Watts, Phase C, Maximum Avg
Demand
Negative VARs, Phase A, Maximum Avg
Demand
Negative VARs, Phase B, Maximum Avg
Demand
Negative VARs, Phase C, Maximum Avg
Demand
VAs, Phase A, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
235B
-
235C
9052 - 9053
235D
-
235E
9054 - 9055
235F
-
2360
9056 - 9057
2361
-
2362
9058 - 9059
2363
-
2364
9060 - 9061
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
The Leader In Power Monitoring and Smart Grid Solutions
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
watts
2
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VARs
2
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
2
Doc# E149701
MM-13
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
2365
-
2366
9062 - 9063
VAs, Phase B, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
2
2367
-
2368
9064 - 9065
VAs, Phase C, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-9999 M to +9999 M
VAs
2
2369
-
236A
9066 - 9067
Positive PF, Phase A, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
236B
-
236C
9068 - 9069
Positive PF, Phase B, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
2
236D
-
236E
9070 - 9071
Positive PF, Phase C, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
236F
-
2370
9072 - 9073
Negative PF, Phase A, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
2371
-
2372
9074 - 9075
Negative PF, Phase B, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
2373
-
2374
9076 - 9077
Negative PF, Phase C, Maximum Avg Demand
FLOAT
-1.00 to +1.00
none
2
2375
-
2375
9078 - 9078
Volts A-N, %THD, Maximum
UINT16
0 to 9999
0.01%
1
2376
-
2376
9079 - 9079
Volts B-N, %THD, Maximum
UINT16
0 to 9999
0.01%
1
2377
-
2377
9080 - 9080
Volts C-N, %THD, Maximum
UINT16
0 to 9999
0.01%
1
2378
-
2378
9081 - 9081
Amps A, %THD, Maximum
UINT16
0 to 9999
0.01%
1
2379
-
2379
9082 - 9082
Amps B, %THD, Maximum
UINT16
0 to 9999
0.01%
1
237A
-
237A
9083 - 9083
Amps C, %THD, Maximum
UINT16
0 to 9999
0.01%
1
237B
-
237C
9084 - 9085
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
237D
-
237E
9086 - 9087
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
237F
-
2380
9088 - 9089
Symmetrical Component Magnitude, 0 Seq,
Maximum
Symmetrical Component Magnitude, + Seq,
Maximum
Symmetrical Component Magnitude, - Seq,
Maximum
Symmetrical Component Phase, 0 Seq,
Maximum
Symmetrical Component Phase, + Seq,
Maximum
Symmetrical Component Phase, - Seq,
Maximum
Unbalance, 0 Seq, Maximum
Unbalance, - Seq, Maximum
Current Unbalance, Maximum
FLOAT
0 to 9999 M
volts
2
2381
-
2381
9090 - 9090
2382
-
2382
9091 - 9091
2383
-
2383
9092 - 9092
2384
2385
2386
-
2384
2385
2386
9093 - 9093
9094 - 9094
9095 - 9095
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
0.1 degree
1
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
0.1 degree
1
SINT16
-1800 to +1800
0.1 degree
1
0 to 65535
0 to 65535
0 to 20000
0.01%
0.01%
0.01%
UINT16
UINT16
UINT16
Block Size:
read-only
Primary Maximum Timestamp Block
24B7 -
1
1
1
96
24B9
9400 - 9402
Volts A-N, Max Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24BA
-
24BC
9403 - 9405
Volts B-N, Max Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24BD
-
24BF
9406 - 9408
Volts C-N, Max Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24C0
-
24C2
9409 - 9411
Volts A-B, Max Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24C3
-
24C5
9412 - 9414
Volts B-C, Max Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24C6
-
24C8
9415 - 9417
Volts C-A, Max Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24C9
-
24CB
9418 - 9420
Amps A, Max Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24CC
-
24CE
9421 - 9423
Amps B, Max Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24CF
-
24D1
9424 - 9426
Amps C, Max Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24D2
-
24D4
9427 - 9429
Positive Watts, 3-Ph, Max Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24D5
-
24D7
9430 - 9432
Positive VARs, 3-Ph, Max Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24D8
-
24DA
9433 - 9435
Negative Watts, 3-Ph, Max Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24DB
-
24DD
9436 - 9438
Negative VARs, 3-Ph, Max Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24DE
-
24E0
9439 - 9441
VAs, 3-Ph, Max Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
Positive Power Factor, 3-Ph, Max Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Negative Power Factor, 3-Ph, Max Avg Dmd
Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24E1
-
24E3
9442 - 9444
24E4
-
24E6
9445 - 9447
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
The Leader In Power Monitoring and Smart Grid Solutions
Doc# E149701
MM-14
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
24E7
-
24E9
9448 - 9450
Frequency, Max Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24EA
-
24EC
9451 - 9453
Neutral Current, Max Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2100
1 sec
3
24ED
-
24EF
9454 - 9456
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24F0
-
24F2
9457 - 9459
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24F3
-
24F5
9460 - 9462
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24F6
-
24F8
9463 - 9465
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24F9
-
24FB
9466 - 9468
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
24FC
-
24FE
9469 - 9471
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
250B
-
250D
9484 - 9486
250E
-
2510
9487 - 9489
2511
-
2513
9490 - 9492
Positive Watts, Phase A, Max Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Positive Watts, Phase B, Max Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Positive Watts, Phase C, Max Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Positive VARs, Phase A, Max Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Positive VARs, Phase B, Max Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Positive VARs, Phase C, Max Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Negative Watts, Phase A, Max Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Negative Watts, Phase B, Max Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Negative Watts, Phase C, Max Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Negative VARs, Phase A, Max Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Negative VARs, Phase B, Max Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Negative VARs, Phase C, Max Avg Dmd
Timestamp
VAs, Phase A, Max Avg Dmd Timestamp
2514
-
2516
9493 - 9495
VAs, Phase B, Max Avg Dmd Timestamp
2517
-
2519
9496 - 9498
251A
-
251C
251D
-
2520
24FF
-
2501
9472 - 9474
2502
-
2504
9475 - 9477
2505
-
2507
9478 - 9480
2508
-
250A
9481 - 9483
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
VAs, Phase C, Max Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
9499 - 9501
Positive PF, Phase A, Max Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
251F
9502 - 9504
Positive PF, Phase B, Max Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
-
2522
9505 - 9507
Positive PF, Phase C, Max Avg Dmd Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2523
-
2525
9508 - 9510
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2526
-
2528
9511 - 9513
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2529
-
252B
9514 - 9516
252C
-
252E
9517 - 9519
Negative PF, Phase A, Max Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Negative PF, Phase B, Max Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Negative PF, Phase C, Max Avg Dmd
Timestamp
Volts A-N, %THD, Max Timestamp
252F
-
2531
9520 - 9522
Volts B-N, %THD, Max Timestamp
2532
-
2534
9523 - 9525
Volts C-N, %THD, Max Timestamp
2535
-
2537
9526 - 9528
Amps A, %THD, Max Timestamp
2538
-
253A
9529 - 9531
253B
-
253D
253E
-
2541
-
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
Amps B, %THD, Max Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
9532 - 9534
Amps C, %THD, Max Timestamp
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
2540
9535 - 9537
2543
9538 - 9540
Symmetrical Comp Magnitude, 0 Seq, Max
Timestamp
Symmetrical Comp Magnitude, + Seq, Max
Timestamp
Symmetrical Comp Magnitude, - Seq, Max
Timestamp
Symmetrical Comp Phase, 0 Seq, Max
Timestamp
2544
-
2546
9541 - 9543
2547
-
2549
9544 - 9546
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TSTAMP
1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP
1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP
1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP
1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
Doc# E149701
MM-15
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
254A
-
254C
9547 - 9549
254D
-
254F
9550 - 9552
2550
2553
2556
-
2552
2555
2558
9553 - 9555
9556 - 9558
9559 - 9561
Description (Note 1)
Format
Symmetrical Comp Phase, + Seq, Max
Timestamp
Symmetrical Comp Phase, - Seq, Max
Timestamp
Unbalance, 0 Seq, Max Timestamp
Unbalance, - Seq, Max Timestamp
Current Unbalance, Max Timestamp
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
TSTAMP
1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP
1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
TSTAMP
TSTAMP
TSTAMP
1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
1 sec
1 sec
3
3
3
159
Block Size:
Option Card 1 Section
read-only
Card Identification and Configuration Block (Note 14)
bit-mapped
undv-----cccctttt
Flags active if bit is set: u=unsupported card; n=card
need configuration; d=card is using default configuration;
v=communication with card is ok
Field: cccc=class of installed card.
Field tttt=type of card. See note 22
Reserved
1
ASCII
16 char
none
ASCII name of the installed card
8
Serial number
ASCII
16 char
none
Serial Number in ASCII of the installed card
8
Version
ASCII
4 char
none
Version in ASCII of the hardware of the installed card.
2
ASCII
4 char each
none
Firmware versions for option cards. Each version is a 4
character string, left justified and padded with spaces.
Interpretation depends on the specific card in the slot:
Analog uses the second 2 registers for its version. The
first 2 registers are zero.
Network uses the first 2 registers for its RUN version, the
second 2 for its BOOT version.
No other cards report versions; both registers are zero.
270F
-
270F
10000 - 10000
Class ID and card status
2710
-
2710
10001 - 10001
Reserved
2711
-
2718
10002 - 10009
Card name
2719
-
2720
10010 - 10017
2721
-
2722
10018 - 10019
2723
-
2746
10020 - 10055
Reserved
2747
-
274A
10056 - 10059
Firmware Versions
274B
-
274E
10060 - 10063
Reserved
UINT16
Reserved
36
Reserved
Read-only
Bps: a=57600; b=38400; c=19200; d=14400; e=9600
Stop bits 'f': cleared 1 stop bit, set 2 stop bits
Parity: g=even; h=odd; i=none
Data bits: j=8; k=7; l=6; m=5
Reserved
bit-mapped
-------- -----ppp-
0 to 65535
milliseconds
ppp=protocol
100=DNP3; 010=Ascii Modbus; 001=Rtu Modbus
Delay to reply to a Modbus transaction after receiving it.
1
Reserved
4
-
274F
10064 - 10064
Current speed and format
UINT16
bit-mapped
2750
-
2750
10065 - 10065
Reserved
UINT16
bit-mapped
2751
-
2751
10066 - 10066
Current protocol
UINT16
2752
-
2752
10067 - 10067
Current reply delay
UINT16
2753
-
2756
10068 - 10071
Reserved
Block Size:
Data and Control Blocks for Option Card 1
-
2790
10072 - 10129
64
-abcde-- fghijklm
274F
2757
4
4
Block Size:
Current Communication Settings for Option Card 1
1
1
1
1
8
read-only
Data and Control Block for Option Card 1.
Meaning of registers depends on installed card. - see below
Register assignments depend on which type of card is in
the slot. See overlays below.
Block Size:
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66
MM-16
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
Expansions for Data and Control Block for Option Card 1
Data and Control Block -- Digital I/O Relay Card Overlay (Note 15)
read-only except as indicated
2757
-
2757
10072 - 10072
Digital Input States
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- 22221111
2758
-
2758
10073 - 10073
Digital Relay States
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- --ab--cd
2759
-
2759
10074 - 10074
Turn relay on
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- ------21
275A
-
275A
10075 - 10075
Turn relay off
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- ------21
Two nibble fields: (2222) for input#2 and (1111) for input
#1.
Lsb in each nibble is the current state of the input. Msb
in each nibble is the oldest registered state.
If "a" is 1 then state of Relay#2 is unknown, otherwise
state of Relay#2 is in "c": (1=tripped, 0=released).
If "b" is 1 then state of Relay#1 is unknown, otherwise
state of Relay#1 is in "d": (1=tripped, 0=released).
1
1
1
1
275B
-
275B
10076 - 10076
Trip/Release delay timer for Relay 1
UINT16
0 to 9999
0.1 sec
Writing a 1 in bit N turns relay N+1 ON (this register is
writeable only in privileged session)
Writing a 1 in bit N turns relay N+1 OFF (this register is
writeable only in privileged session)
time to trip or release
275C
-
275C
10077 - 10077
Trip/Release delay timer for Relay 2
UINT16
0 to 9999
0.1 sec
time to trip or release
1
275D
-
275E
10078 - 10079
Reserved
Reserved
2
275F
-
275F
10080 - 10080
Input 1 Accumulator, Scaled
UINT16
0 to 9999
2760
-
2760
10081 - 10081
Input 2 Accumulator, Scaled
UINT16
0 to 9999
2761
-
2762
10082 - 10083
Reserved
2763
-
2763
10084 - 10084
Relay 1 Accumulator, Scaled
UINT16
0 to 9999
2764
-
2764
10085 - 10085
Relay 2 Accumulator, Scaled
UINT16
0 to 9999
2765
-
2790
10086 - 10129
Reserved
1
resolution is 1, 10, 100, 1000, Disabled accumulators always read 0.
10000, or 100000 counts
1
Reserved
2
resolution is 1, 10, 100, 1000, Disabled accumulators always read 0.
10000, or 100000 counts
1
1
Reserved
44
Block Size:
Data and Control Block -- Digital I/O Pulse Output Card Overlay (Note 15)
1
58
read-only except as indicated
2757
-
2757
10072 - 10072
Digital Input States
UINT16
bit-mapped
dddd cccc bbbb aaaa
Nibble "dddd" for input#4, "cccc" for input#3, "bbbb" for
input#2 and "aaaa" for input#1.
Within each field, rightmost bit is the current state
(1=closed, 0=open), and bits at left are the older states
100ms apart. (historical states)
Example:
xxxx xxxx xxxx 0011
Current state of input#1 is closed, before that it was
closed too, before that it was open and the oldest state
known is open.
1
2758
-
2758
10073 - 10073
Digital Output States
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- ----4321
1
2759
-
2759
10074 - 10074
Pulse Output Test Select
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- ----4321
One bit for each output. Bit 4 is for output #4, and bit 1 is
for output #1. If a bit is set the output is closed,
otherwise it is opened.
Write 1 to a bit to set its corresponding Pulse Output into
test mode. Write 0 to restore it to normal operation. A
privileged session is required to write the bits. Reading
this register reports the mode for each output (1=under
test, 0=normal).
275A
-
275A
10075 - 10075
Pulse Output Test Power
UINT16
bit-mapped
ddvvvvvv vvvvvvvv
This register is Writeable in privileged session only.
Simulates constant Power for the Pulse Output under
test. Format is same as Kt settings for Pulse Output.
"V" is raw value in Wh/pulse from 0 to 9999.
"dd"=decimal point position: 00=0.XXXX, 01=X.XXX,
10=XX.XX, 11= XXX.X
1
275B
-
275E
10076 - 10079
Reserved
Reserved
4
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Doc# E149701
1
MM-17
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
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RUFRXQWV
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)
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8,17
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8,17
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8,17
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2XWSXW$FFXPXODWRU6FDOHG
8,17
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2XWSXW$FFXPXODWRU6FDOHG
8,17
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8,17
WR
2XWSXW$FFXPXODWRU6FDOHG
8,17
WR
5HVHUYHG
5HVHUYHG
%ORFN6L]H
Data and Control Block--Analog Out 0-1mA / Analog Out 4-20mA (Note 15)
6WDWXVRIFDUG
5HVHUYHG
read-only
8,17
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----cf-- --------
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Data and Control Block -- Network Card Overlay (Note 15)
read-only
&DUGDQG1HWZRUN6WDWXV
8,17
ELWPDSSHG
rhp----- sfw-m-ii
)ODJVU UXQPRGHK FDUGLVKHDOWK\S XVLQJODVWJRRG
NQRZQSURJUDPPDEOHVHWWLQJV
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,36WDWXVLL ,3QRWYDOLG\HW ,3IURPSVHWWLQJV
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5HVHUYHG
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VWDUWLQJIURPWKH0VERIWKHELWZRUG
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Option Card 2 Section
Card Identification and Configuration Block (Note 14)
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The Leader In Power Monitoring and Smart Grid Solutions
read-only
8,17
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Doc# E149701
MM-18
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
2B01
-
2B08
11010 - 11017
Serial number
ASCII
16 char
none
Serial Number in ASCII of the installed card
8
2B09
-
2B0A
11018 - 11019
Version
ASCII
4 char
none
Version in ASCII of the hardware of the installed card.
2
2B0B
-
2B28
11020 - 11055
Reserved
2B2F
-
2B32
11056 - 11059
Firmware Versions
ASCII
4 char each
none
Firmware versions for option cards. Each version is a 4
character string, left justified and padded with spaces.
Interpretation depends on the specific card in the slot:
Analog uses the second 2 registers for its version. The
first 2 registers are zero.
Network uses the first 2 registers for its RUN version, the
second 2 for its BOOT version.
No other cards report versions; both registers are zero.
2B33
-
2B36
11060 - 11063
Reserved
Reserved
36
Reserved
4
Block Size:
Current Communication Settings for Option Card 2
Read-only
Bps: a=57600; b=38400; c=19200; d=14400; e=9600
Stop bits 'f': cleared 1 stop bit, set 2 stop bits
Parity: g=even; h=odd; i=none
Data bits: j=8; k=7; l=6; m=5
Reserved
bit-mapped
-------- -----ppp-
0 to 65535
milliseconds
ppp=protocol
100=DNP3; 010=Ascii Modbus; 001=Rtu Modbus
Delay to reply a Modbus transaction after receiving it.
1
Reserved
4
-
2B37
11064 - 11064
Current speed and format
UINT16
bit-mapped
2B38
-
2B38
11065 - 11065
Reserved
UINT16
bit-mapped
2B39
-
2B39
11066 - 11066
Current protocol
UINT16
2B3A
-
2B3A
11067 - 11067
Current reply delay
UINT16
2B3B
-
2B3E
11068 - 11071
Reserved
Block Size:
Data and Control Blocks for Option Card 2
-
2B78
11072 - 11129
64
-abcde-- fghijklm
2B37
2B3F
4
1
1
1
8
read-only
Register assignments depend on which type of card is in
the slot. See overlays below.
Data and Control Block for Option Card 2
Meaning of registers depend on installed card. -see below
Block Size:
58
66
Expansions for Data and Control Block for Option Card 2
Data and Control Block -- Digital I/O Relay Card Overlay (Note 15)
read-only except as indicated
2B3F
-
2B3F
11072 - 11072
Digital Input States
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- 22221111
2B40
-
2B40
11073 - 11073
Digital Relay States
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- --ab--cd
2B41
-
2B41
11074 - 11074
Turn relay on
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- ------21
Two nibble fields: (2222) for input#2 and (1111) for input
#1.
Lsb in each nibble is the current state of the input. Msb
in each nibble is the oldest registered state.
If "a" is 1 then state of Relay#2 is unknown, otherwise
state of Relay#2 is in "c": (1=tripped, 0=released).
If "b" is 1 then state of Relay#1 is unknown, otherwise
state of Relay#1 is in "d": (1=tripped, 0=released).
1
1
1
1
2B42
-
2B42
11075 - 11075
Turn relay off
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- ------21
2B43
-
2B43
11076 - 11076
Trip/Release delay timer for Relay 1
UINT16
0 to 9999
0.1 sec
Writing a 1 in bit N turns relay N+1 ON (this register is
writeable only in privileged session)
Writing a 1 in bit N turns relay N+1 OFF (this register is
writeable only in privileged session)
time to trip or release
2B44
-
2B44
11077 - 11077
Trip/Release delay timer for Relay 2
UINT16
0 to 9999
0.1 sec
time to trip or release
1
2B45
-
2B46
11078 - 11079
Reserved
Reserved
2
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MM-19
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
2B47
-
2B47
11080 - 11080
Input 1 Accumulator, Scaled
UINT16
0 to 9999
2B48
-
2B48
11081 - 11081
Input 2 Accumulator, Scaled
UINT16
0 to 9999
2B49
-
2B4A
11082 - 11083
Reserved
2B4B
-
2B4B
11084 - 11084
Relay 1 Accumulator, Scaled
UINT16
0 to 9999
2B4C
-
2B4C
11085 - 11085
Relay 2 Accumulator, Scaled
UINT16
0 to 9999
2B4D
-
2B78
11086 - 11129
Reserved
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
1
resolution is 1, 10, 100, 1000, Disabled accumulators always read 0.
10000, or 100000 counts
1
Reserved
2
1
resolution is 1, 10, 100, 1000, Disabled accumulators always read 0.
10000, or 100000 counts
1
Reserved
44
Block Size:
Data and Control Block -- Digital I/O Pulse Output Card Overlay (Note 15)
58
read-only except as indicated
2B3F
-
2B3F
11072 - 11072
Digital Input States
UINT16
bit-mapped
dddd cccc bbbb aaaa
Nibble "dddd" for input#4, "cccc" for input#3, "bbbb" for
input#2 and "aaaa" for input#1.
Within each field, right most bit is the current state
(1=closed, 0=open), and bits at left are the older states
100ms apart. (historical states)
Example:
xxxx xxxx xxxx 0011
Current state of input#1 is closed, before that it was
closed too, before that it was open and the oldest state
known is open.
1
2B40
-
2B40
11073 - 11073
Digital Output States
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- ----4321
1
2B41
-
2B41
11074 - 11074
Pulse Output Test Select
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- ----4321
One bit for each output. Bit 4 is for output #4, and bit 1 is
for output #1. If a bit is set the output is closed,
otherwise it is opened.
Write 1 to a bit to set its corresponding Pulse Output into
test mode. Write 0 to restore it to normal operation. A
privileged session is required to write the bits. Reading
this register reports the mode for each output (1=under
test, 0=normal).
2B42
-
2B42
11075 - 11075
Pulse Output Test Power
UINT16
bit-mapped
ddvvvvvv vvvvvvvv
This register is Writeable in privileged session only.
Simulates constant Power for the Pulse Output under
test. Format is same as Kt settings for Pulse Output.
"V" is raw value in Wh/pulse from 0 to 9999.
"dd"=decimal point position: 00=0.XXXX, 01=X.XXX,
10=XX.XX, 11= XXX.X
1
UINT16
0 to 9999
resolution is 1, 10, 100, 1000, Disabled accumulators always read 0.
10000, or 100000 counts
2B43
-
2B46
11076 - 11079
Reserved
2B47
-
2B47
11080 - 11080
Input 1 Accumulator, Scaled
Reserved
1
4
1
2B48
-
2B48
11081 - 11081
Input 2 Accumulator, Scaled
UINT16
0 to 9999
2B49
-
2B49
11082 - 11082
Input 3 Accumulator, Scaled
UINT16
0 to 9999
1
1
1
2B4A
-
2B4A
11083 - 11083
Input 4 Accumulator, Scaled
UINT16
0 to 9999
2B4B
-
2B4B
11084 - 11084
Output 1 Accumulator, Scaled
UINT16
0 to 9999
1
2B4C
-
2B4C
11085 - 11085
Output 2 Accumulator, Scaled
UINT16
0 to 9999
1
1
2B4D
-
2B4D
11086 - 11086
Output 3 Accumulator, Scaled
UINT16
0 to 9999
2B4E
-
2B4E
11087 - 11087
Output 4 Accumulator, Scaled
UINT16
0 to 9999
2B4F
-
2B78
11088 - 11129
Reserved
1
Reserved
42
Block Size:
read-only
Data and Control Block--Analog Out 0-1mA / Analog Out 4-20mA (Note 15)
2B3F
-
2B3F
11072 - 11072
Status of card
UINT16
2B40
-
2B78
11073 - 11129
Reserved
UINT16
bit-mapped
----cf-- --------
Flag fields:
c=calibration not good; f=configuration error
1
Reserved
57
Block Size:
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Doc# E149701
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MM-20
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
read-only
Data and Control Block -- Network Card Overlay (Note 15)
UINT16
bit-mapped
rhp----- sfw-m-ii
Flags: r=run mode; h=card is healthy; p=using last good
known programmable settings
Server flags: s=smtp ok; f=ftp ok; w=web server ok;
m=modbus tcp/ip ok.
IP Status ii: 00=IP not valid yet, 01=IP from p.settings;
10=IP from DHCP;11=using last good known IP.
1
Reserved
1
MAC address in use by the network card
UINT16
bit-mapped
6 bytes
3
11077 - 11080
Current IP Address
UINT16
These 3 registers hold the 6 bytes of the card's Ethernet
MAC address.
These 4 registers hold the 4 numbers (1 number each
register) that make the IP address used by the card.
2B48
11081 - 11081
Current IP Mask Length
UINT16
0 to 32
-
2B4A
11082 - 11083
Firmware Version
ASCII
4 char
none
2B4B
-
2B4C
11084 - 11085
Firmware Version
ASCII
4 char
none
2B4D
-
2B78
11086 - 11129
Reserved
2B3F
-
2B3F
11072 - 11072
Card and Network Status
2B40
-
2B40
11073 - 11073
Reserved
2B41
-
2B43
11074 - 11076
2B44
-
2B47
2B48
-
2B49
4
1
Number of bits that are set in the IP address mask,
starting from the Msb of the 32 bit word.
Example 24 = 255.255.255.0; a value of 2 would mean
192.0.0.0
Version of the BOOT firmware of the card, left justified
and padded with spaces. Blank for boards without
embedded firmware.
Version of the RUN firmware of the card, left justified and
padded with spaces. Blank for boards without embedded
firmware.
Reserved for Extended Nw Status
44
Block Size:
58
2
2
read-only
Accumulators Block
2EDF
-
2EE0
12000 - 12001
Option Card 1, Input 1 Accumulator
UINT32
0 to 999999999
number of transitions
2EE1
-
2EE6
12002 - 12007
Option Card 1, Inputs 2-4 Accumulators
UINT32
0 to 999999999
number of transitions
2EE7
-
2EE8
12008 - 12009
Option Card 1, Output or Relay 1 Accumulator
UINT32
0 to 999999999
number of transitions
2EE9
-
2EEE
12010 - 12015
UINT32
0 to 999999999
number of transitions
UINT32
0 to 999999999
number of transitions
UINT32
0 to 999999999
number of transitions
2EEF
-
2EF6
12016 - 12023
Option Card 1, Output or Relays 2-4
Accumulators
Option Card 2 Inputs Accumulators
2EF7
-
2EFE
12024 - 12031
Option Card 2 Outputs Accumulators
These are unscaled counts. See option card section
for scaled versions.
Input accumulators count either or both transitions;
output accumulators count both transitions.
Unused accumulators always read 0.
2
6
2
6
8
8
Block Size:
32
Commands Section (Note 4)
write-only
Resets Block (Note 9)
4E1F
-
4E1F
20000 - 20000
Reset Max/Min Blocks
UINT16
password (Note 5)
4E20
-
4E20
20001 - 20001
Reset Energy Accumulators
UINT16
password (Note 5)
4E21
-
4E21
20002 - 20002
Reset Alarm Log (Note 21)
UINT16
password (Note 5)
4E22
-
4E22
20003 - 20003
Reset System Log (Note 21)
UINT16
password (Note 5)
4E23
-
4E23
20004 - 20004
Reset Historical Log 1 (Note 21)
UINT16
password (Note 5)
4E24
-
4E24
20005 - 20005
Reset Historical Log 2 (Note 21)
UINT16
password (Note 5)
1
4E25
-
4E25
20006 - 20006
Reset Historical Log 3 (Note 21)
UINT16
password (Note 5)
1
4E26
-
4E26
20007 - 20007
Reset I/O Change Log (Note 21)
UINT16
password (Note 5)
1
4E27
-
4E27
20008 - 20008
Reset Power Quality Log
UINT16
password (Note 5)
1
4E28
-
4E28
20009 - 20009
Reset Waveform Capture Log
UINT16
password (Note 5)
4E29
-
4E2A
20010 - 20011
Reserved
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1
1
Reply to a reset log command indicates that the
command was accepted but not necessarily that the
reset is finished. Poll log status block to determine this.
1
1
1
Reserved
Doc# E149701
1
2
MM-21
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
4E2B
-
4E2B
20012 - 20012
Reset Option Card 1 Input Accumulators
UINT16
password (Note 5)
1
4E2C
-
4E2C
20013 - 20013
Reset Option Card 1 Output Accumulators
UINT16
password (Note 5)
1
4E2D
-
4E2D
20014 - 20014
Reset Option Card 2 Input Accumulators
UINT16
password (Note 5)
1
4E2E
-
4E2E
20015 - 20015
Reset Option Card 2 Output Accumulators
UINT16
password (Note 5)
1
Block Size:
Privileged Commands Block
16
conditional write
5207
-
5207
21000 - 21000
Initiate Meter Firmware Reprogramming
UINT16
password (Note 5)
5208
-
5208
21001 - 21001
Force Meter Restart
UINT16
password (Note 5)
causes a watchdog reset, always reads 0
1
1
5209
-
5209
21002 - 21002
Open Privileged Command Session
UINT16
password (Note 5)
1
520A
-
520A
21003 - 21003
Initiate Programmable Settings Update
UINT16
password (Note 5)
meter will process command registers (this register
through 'Close Privileged Command Session' register
below) for 5 minutes or until the session is closed,
whichever comes first.
meter enters PS update mode
1
520B
-
520B
21004 - 21004
UINT16
0000 to 9999
meter calculates checksum on RAM copy of PS block
1
520C
-
520C
21005 - 21005
Calculate Programmable Settings Checksum
(Note 3)
Programmable Settings Checksum (Note 3)
UINT16
0000 to 9999
1
520D
-
520D
21006 - 21006
Write New Password (Note 3)
UINT16
0000 to 9999
read/write checksum register; PS block saved in
nonvolatile memory on write (Note 8)
write-only register; always reads zero
520E
-
520E
21007 - 21007
UINT16
any value
meter leaves PS update mode via reset
1
520F
-
5211
21008 - 21010
Terminate Programmable Settings Update (Note
3)
Set Meter Clock
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
saved only when 3rd register is written
3
5212
-
5212
21011 - 21011
Manually Trigger Waveform Capture
UINT16
5213
-
5219
21012 - 21018
Reserved
applies to Shark 300 only; returns busy exception if
blocked by another capture in progress
Reserved
7
521A
-
521A
21019 - 21019
Close Privileged Command Session
UINT16
1 sec
any value
any value
ends an open command session
20
read/write
Encryption Block
-
1
1
Block Size:
658F
1
659A
26000 - 26011
Perform a Secure Operation
UINT16
encrypted command to read password or change meter
type
Block Size:
12
12
Programmable Settings Section
Basic Setups Block
752F
-
752F
write only in PS update mode
30000 - 30000
CT multiplier & denominator
UINT16
bit-mapped
dddddddd mmmmmmmm
high byte is denominator (1 or 5, read-only),
low byte is multiplier (1, 10, or 100)
1
7530
-
7530
30001 - 30001
CT numerator
UINT16
1 to 9999
none
1
7531
-
7531
30002 - 30002
PT numerator
UINT16
1 to 9999
none
1
none
mmmmmmmm mmmmhhhh
7532
-
7532
30003 - 30003
PT denominator
UINT16
1 to 9999
7533
-
7533
30004 - 30004
PT multiplier & hookup
UINT16
bit-mapped
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Doc# E149701
1
mm…mm = PT multiplier (1, 10, 100, or 1000)
hhhh = hookup enumeration (0 = 3 element wye[9S], 1 =
delta 2 CTs[5S], 3 = 2.5 element wye[6S])
1
MM-22
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
7534
-
7534
30005 - 30005
Averaging Method
UINT16
bit-mapped
--iiiiii b----sss
7535
-
7535
30006 - 30006
Power & Energy Format
UINT16
bit-mapped
ppppiinn feee-ddd
7536
-
7536
30007 - 30007
Operating Mode Screen Enables
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------x eeeeeeee
7537
-
7537
30008 - 30008
Daylight Saving On Rule
UINT16
bit-mapped
hhhhhwww -dddmmmm
7538
-
7538
30009 - 30009
Daylight Saving Off Rule
UINT16
bit-mapped
hhhhhwww -dddmmmm
7539
-
7539
30010 - 30010
Time Zone UTC offset
UINT16
bit-mapped
z000 0000 hhhh hhmm
mm = minutes/15; 00=00, 01=15, 10=30, 11=45
hhhhhh = hours; -23 to +23
z = Time Zone valid (0=no, 1=yes)
i.e. register=0 indicates that time zone is not set while
register=0x8000 indicates UTC offset = 0
753A
-
753A
30011 - 30011
Clock Sync Configuration
UINT16
bit-mapped
0000 0000 mmmp pppe
e = enable automatic clock sync (0=no, 1=yes)
mmm = sync method (1=NTP, 4=Line, all other
values=no sync)
pppp = method-dependent paramter.
NTP pppp=port performing synchronization (2-3 = COM3COM4).
Line pppp=expected frequency (0=60 Hz, 1=50 Hz)
753B
-
753B
30012 - 30012
Reserved
bit-mapped
-----fpr cccccccs
# Reg
iiiiii = interval (5,15,30,60)
b = 0-block or 1-rolling
sss = # subintervals (1,2,3,4)
pppp = power scale (0-unit, 3-kilo, 6-mega, 8-auto)
ii = power digits after decimal point (0-3),
applies only if f=1 and pppp is not auto
nn = number of energy digits (5-8 --> 0-3)
eee = energy scale (0-unit, 3-kilo, 6-mega)
f = decimal point for power
(0=data-dependant placement,
1=fixed placement per ii value)
ddd = energy digits after decimal point (0-6)
See note 10.
1
eeeeeeee = op mode screen rows on/off, rows top to
bottom are bits low order to high order
x = set to suppress PF on W/VAR/PF screens
applies only if daylight savings in User Settings Flags =
on; specifies when to make changeover
hhhhh = hour, 0-23
www = week, 1-4 for 1st - 4th, 5 for last
ddd = day of week, 1-7 for Sun - Sat
mmmm = month, 1-12
Example: 2AM on the 4th Sunday of March
hhhhh=2, www=4, ddd=1, mmmm=3
1
1
1
1
1
1
753C
-
753C
30013 - 30013
User Settings 2
Reserved
UINT16
1
f = force 6 cycle energy/power processing (1=yes, 0=no)
p = suppress filtering on power readings (1=yes, 0=no)
r = suppress filtering on current and voltage readings
(1=yes, 0=no)
ccccccc = under range voltage cutoff, 0 to 12.7 % full
scale in .1% steps. Vrms below this value is
reported as 0. See note 12 for full scale
information.
s = display secondary volts (1=yes, 0=no)
1
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Doc# E149701
MM-23
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
753D
-
753D
30014 - 30014
DNP Options
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- ww-i-vvp
p selects primary or secondary values for DNP voltage,
current and power registers
(0=secondary, 1=primary)
vv sets divisor for voltage scaling
(0=1, 1=10, 2=100)
i sets divisor for current scaling
(0=1, 1=10)
ww sets divisor for power scaling in addition to scaling
for Kilo
(0=1, 1=10, 2=100, 3=1000)
Example:
120KV, 500A, 180MW
p=1, vv=2, i=0, and ww=3
voltage reads 1200, current reads 500, watts reads 180
1
753E
-
753E
30015 - 30015
User Settings Flags
UINT16
bit-mapped
vvkgeinn srpdywfa
vv = number of digits after decimal point for voltage
display.
0 - For voltage range (0 - 9999V)
1 - For voltage range (100.0kV - 999.9 kV)
2 - For voltage range (10.00kV - 99.99 kV)
3 - For voltage range ( 0kV - 9.999 kV)
This setting is used only when k=1.
k = enable fixed scale for voltage display.
(0=autoscale, 1=unit if vv=0 and kV if vv=1,2,3 )
g = enable alternate full scale bar graph current
(1=on, 0=off)
e = enable ct pt compensation
(0=Disabled, 1=Enabled).
i = fixed scale and format current display
0=normal autoscaled current display
1=always show amps with no decimal places
nn = number of phases for voltage & current screen
(3=ABC, 2=AB, 1=A, 0=ABC)
s = scroll (1=on, 0=off)
r = password for reset in use (1=on, 0=off)
p = password for configuration in use (1=on, 0=off)
d = daylight saving time changes (0=off, 1=on)
y = diagnostic events in system log (1=yes, 0=no)
w = power direction
(0=view as load, 1=view as generator)
f = flip power factor sign (1=yes, 0=no)
a = apparent power computation method
(0=arithmetic sum, 1=vector sum)
1
753F
-
753F
30016 - 30016
Full Scale Current (for load % bar graph)
UINT16
0 to 9999
none
If non-zero and user settings bit g is set, this value
replaces CT numerator in the full scale current
calculation. (See Note 12)
1
7540
-
7547
30017 - 30024
Meter Designation
16 char
7548
-
7548
30025 - 30025
COM1 setup
UINT16
bit-mapped
none
----dddd -0100110
ASCII
7549
-
7549
30026 - 30026
COM2 setup
UINT16
bit-mapped
yy--dddd -pppbbbb
754A
-
754A
30027 - 30027
COM2 address
UINT16
none
754B
-
754B
30028 - 30028
Limit #1 Identifier
UINT16
1 - 247 (Modbus) 1 65520 (DNP)
0 to 65535
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Doc# E149701
8
yy = parity (0-none, 1-odd, 2-even)
dddd = reply delay (* 50 msec)
ppp = protocol (1-Modbus RTU, 2-Modbus ASCII, 3DNP)
bbbb = baud rate (1-9600, 2-19200, 4-38400, 6-57600,
13=1200, 14=2400, 15=4800)
1
1
1
use Modbus address as the identifier (see notes 7, 11,
12)
1
MM-24
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
754C
-
754C
30029 - 30029
Limit #1 Out High Setpoint
SINT16
-200.0 to +200.0
0.1% of full scale
Setpoint for the "above" limit (LM1), see notes 11-12.
1
754D
-
754D
30030 - 30030
Limit #1 In High Threshold
SINT16
-200.0 to +200.0
0.1% of full scale
Threshold at which "above" limit clears; normally less
than or equal to the "above" setpoint; see notes 11-12.
1
754E
-
754E
30031 - 30031
Limit #1 Out Low Setpoint
SINT16
-200.0 to +200.0
0.1% of full scale
Setpoint for the "below" limit (LM2), see notes 11-12.
1
754F
-
754F
30032 - 30032
Limit #1 In Low Threshold
SINT16
-200.0 to +200.0
0.1% of full scale
Threshold at which "below" limit clears; normally greater
than or equal to the "below" setpoint; see notes 11-12.
1
7550
-
7554
30033 - 30037
Limit #2
SINT16
7555
-
7559
30038 - 30042
Limit #3
SINT16
5
755A
-
755E
30043 - 30047
Limit #4
SINT16
5
same as Limit #1
same as Limit #1
same as Limit #1
5
755F
-
7563
30048 - 30052
Limit #5
SINT16
5
7564
-
7568
30053 - 30057
Limit #6
SINT16
5
7569
-
756D
30058 - 30062
Limit #7
SINT16
5
756E
-
7572
30063 - 30067
Limit #8
SINT16
5
7573
-
7582
30068 - 30083
Reserved
Reserved
16
7583
-
75C2
30084 - 30147
Reserved
Reserved
64
75C3
-
75C3
30148 - 30148
watts loss due to iron when watts positive
UINT16
0 to 99.99
0.01%
1
75C4
-
75C4
30149 - 30149
watts loss due to copper when watts positive
UINT16
0 to 99.99
0.01%
1
75C5
-
75C5
30150 - 30150
var loss due to iron when watts positive
UINT16
0 to 99.99
0.01%
1
75C6
-
75C6
30151 - 30151
var loss due to copper when watts positive
UINT16
0 to 99.99
0.01%
1
75C7
-
75C3
30152 - 30152
watts loss due to iron when watts negative
UINT16
0 to 99.99
0.01%
1
75C8
-
75C48
30153 - 30153
watts loss due to copper when watts negative
UINT16
0 to 99.99
0.01%
1
75C9
-
75C9
30154 - 30154
var loss due to iron when watts negative
UINT16
0 to 99.99
0.01%
1
75CA
-
75CA
30155 - 30155
var loss due to copper when watts negative
UINT16
0 to 99.99
1
75CB
-
75CB
30156 - 30156
transformer loss compensation user settings flag
UINT16
bit-mapped
0.01%
-------- ----cfwv
75CC
-
75E5
30157 - 30182
Reserved
75E6
-
75E6
30183 - 30183
Programmable Settings Update Counter
UINT16
0-65535
75E7
-
7626
30184 - 30247
Reserved for Software Use
7627
-
7627
30248 - 30248
A phase PT compensation @ 69V (% error)
SINT16
-15 to 15
0.01%
1
7628
-
7628
30249 - 30249
A phase PT compensation @ 120V (% error)
SINT16
-15 to 15
0.01%
1
c - 0 disable compensation for losses due to copper,
1 enable compensaion for losses due to copper
f - 0 disable compensation for losses due to iron,
1 enable compensaion for losses due to iron
w - 0 add watt compensation,
1 subtract watt compensation
v - 0 add var compensation,
1 subtract var compensation
Reserved
Increments each time programmable settings are
changed; occurs when new checksum is calculated.
Reserved
1
26
1
64
7629
-
7629
30250 - 30250
A phase PT compensation @ 230V (% error)
SINT16
-15 to 15
0.01%
1
762A
-
762A
30251 - 30251
A phase PT compensation @ 480V (% error)
SINT16
-15 to 15
0.01%
1
762B
-
762B
30252 - 30255
SINT16
-15 to 15
0.01%
4
762F
-
762F
30256 - 30259
B phase PT compensation @ 69V, 120V, 230V,
480V (% error)
C phase PT compensation @ 69V, 120V, 230V,
480V (% error)
SINT16
-15 to 15
0.01%
4
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Doc# E149701
MM-25
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
7633
-
7633
30260 - 30260
A phase CT compensation @ c1 (% error)
SINT16
-15 to 15
0.01%
7634
-
7634
30261 - 30261
A phase CT compensation @ c2 (% error)
SINT16
-15 to 15
0.01%
7635
-
7635
30262 - 30262
A phase CT compensation @ c3 (% error)
SINT16
-15 to 15
0.01%
7636
-
7636
30263 - 30263
A phase CT compensation @ c4 (% error)
SINT16
-15 to 15
0.01%
7637
-
7637
30264 - 30267
SINT16
-15 to 15
0.01%
763F
-
7642
30272 - 30275
B phase CT compensation @ c1, c2, c3, c4 (%
error)
C phase CT compensation @ c1, c2, c3, c4 (%
error)
A phase PF compensation @ c1, c2, c3, c4
SINT16
-50 to 50
7643
-
7646
30276 - 30279
B phase PF compensation @ c1, c2, c3, c4
SINT16
-50 to 50
7647
-
764A
30280 - 30283
C phase PF compensation @ c1, c2, c3, c4
SINT16
-50 to 50
763B
-
763E
30268 - 30271
SINT16
-15 to 15
Comments
# Reg
1
For Class 10 unit
c1=0.25A
c2=0.5A
c3=1A
c4=5A
1
1
1
4
For Class 2 unit
c1=0.05A
c2=0.1A
c3=0.2A
c4=1A
0.01%
4
4
4
4
Block Size:
284
write only in PS update mode
Log Setups Block
7917
-
7917
31000 - 31000
Historical Log #1 Sizes
UINT16
bit-mapped
eeeeeeee ssssssss
high byte is number of registers to log in each record (0117),
low byte is number of flash sectors for the log (see note
19)
0 in either byte disables the log
1
7918
-
7918
31001 - 31001
Historical Log #1 Interval
UINT16
bit-mapped
00000000 hgfedcba
1
7919
-
7919
31002 - 31002
Historical Log #1, Register #1 Identifier
UINT16
0 to 65535
only 1 bit set: a=1 min, b=3 min, c=5 min, d=10 min,
e=15 min, f=30 min, g=60 min, h=EOI pulse
use Modbus address as the identifier (see note 7)
791A
-
798D
31003 - 31118
Historical Log #1, Register #2 - #117 Identifiers
UINT16
0 to 65535
same as Register #1 Identifier
798E
-
79D6
31119 - 31191
Historical Log #1 Software Buffer
79D7
-
7A96
31192 - 31383
7A97
-
7B56
31384 - 31575
Historical Log #2 Sizes, Interval, Registers &
Software Buffer
Historical Log #3 Sizes, Interval, Registers &
Software Buffer
Waveform Log Sample Rate & Pretrigger
UINT16
bit-mapped
7B57
-
7B57
31576 - 31607
Reserved for software use.
73
same as Historical Log #1
192
same as Historical Log #1
192
ssssssss pppppppp
7B58
-
7B58
31577 - 31577
Power Quality Log Triggers
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------8 76543210
7B59
-
7B59
31578 - 31578
Waveform Log Triggers
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------8 76543210
7B5A
-
7B5A
31579 - 31579
Waveform & PQ Log Sizes
UINT16
bit-mapped
pppppppp wwwwwwww
High byte is samples/60Hz cycle = 5(32), 6(64), 7(128),
8(256), or 9(512)
Low byte is number of pretrigger cycles.
Set bits to enable PQ events/waveform captures.
2,1,0 = Voltage Surge, channel C,B,A
5,4,3 = Current Surge, channel C, B, A
8,7,6 = Voltage Sag, channel C, B, A
Reserved
1
-
7B5B
31580 - 31580
Reserved
-
7B5C
31581 - 31581
Channel A Voltage Surge Threshold
UINT16
0 to 3276.7
0.1% of full scale
7B5D
-
7B5D
31582 - 31582
Channel A Current Surge Threshold
UINT16
0 to 3276.7
0.1% of full scale
7B5E
-
7B5E
31583 - 31583
Channel A Voltage Sag Threshold
UINT16
0 to 3276.7
0.1% of full scale
7B5F
-
7B61
31584 - 31586
Reserved
7B62
-
7B67
31587 - 31592
Channel B Surge & Sag Thresholds
same as Channel A
7B68
-
7B6D
31593 - 31598
Channel C Surge & Sag Thresholds
same as Channel A
7B6E
-
7B76
31599 - 31607
Reserved
1
Thresholds are % of full scale, see note 12
1
Reserved
3
1
6
6
Reserved
9
Block Size:
Doc# E149701
1
1
1
7B5B
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
1
High byte is number of flash sectors for PQ log,
Low byte is number of flash sectors for waveform log
7B5C
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1
116
608
MM-26
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
Programmable Settings for Option Card 1
Option Card 1 Setups Block
write only in PS update mode
7CFF
-
7CFF
32000 - 32000
Class ID of the Option Card 1 Settings
UINT16
7D00
-
7D3E
32001 - 32063
7D3F
-
7F3E
32064 - 32575
Settings for Option Card 1, First Overlay -- see
below
Settings for Option Card 1, Second Overlay -see below
bit-mapped
-------- cccctttt
Which class (cccc) and type(tttt) of card the Option
Settings for Card 1 apply to. See note 22.
Register assignments depend on which type of card is in the slot. See overlays below.
Register assignments depend on which type of card is in the slot. See overlays below.
1
63
512
Block Size:
576
Overlays for Option Card 1 Programmable Settings
Settings Registers for any communication capable card, including network and analog cards
First Overlay
7D00
-
7D00
32001 - 32001
Slave address
UINT16
1~247 (for Modbus)
1~6 (for DNP)
none
7D01
-
7D01
32002 - 32002
Speed and format
UINT16
bit-mapped
-abcde-- fghijklm
write only in PS update mode
Slave address of the unit. The communication capable
card is always a master.
Set to 0 when an analog board is installed.
Bps: a=57600; b=38400; c=19200; d=14400; e=9600
Stop bits 'f': cleared 1 stop bit, set 2 stop bits
Parity: g=even; h=odd; i=none
Data bits: j=8; k=7; l=6; m=5
Set to 0 when an analog board is installed.
1
1
7D02
-
7D02
32003 - 32003
Reserved
Reserved
1
7D03
-
7D03
32004 - 32004
Protocol
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- -----ppp-
ppp= 100 =DNP3; 010=Ascii Modbus; 001=Rtu Modbus
Set to 0 when an analog board is installed.
1
7D04
-
7D04
32005 - 32005
Reply delay
UINT16
0 to 65535
milliseconds
Delay to reply to a Modbus transaction after receiving it.
Set to 0 when an analog board is installed
1
7D05
-
7D3E
32006 - 32063
Reserved
Reserved
58
Block Size:
Settings Registers for Digital I/O Relay Card
UINT16
First Overlay
-------- 2222 1111
write only in PS update mode
-
7D00
32001 - 32001
Input#1 - 2 bindings & logging enables
7D01
-
7D01
32002 - 32002
Relay #1 Delay to Operate
UINT16
0.1 second units
Delay to operate the relay since request.
1
7D02
-
7D02
32003 - 32003
Relay #1 Delay to Release
UINT16
0.1 second units
Delay to release the relay since request.
1
7D03
-
7D08
32004 - 32009
Reserved
UINT16
Set to 0.
6
7D09
-
7D09
32010 - 32010
Relay #2 Delay to Operate
UINT16
0.1 second units
Delay to operate the relay since request.
1
0.1 second units
Delay to release the relay since request.
7D0A
-
7D0A
32011 - 32011
Relay #2 Delay to Release
UINT16
-
7D20
32012 - 32033
Reserved
UINT16
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
The Leader In Power Monitoring and Smart Grid Solutions
Doc# E149701
One nibble for each input.
Assuming "abcc" as the bits in each nibble:
"a": select this input for EOI (End Of Interval)pulse
sensing.
"b": log this input when pulse is detected
"cc": Input event trigger mode - Contact sensing method;
00 = none; 01 = open to close; 10 = close to open; 11 =
any change.
Every input has an associated internal accumulator (See
input Accumulator Scaling), which is incremented every
time the input changes according with the trigger mode
crieteria “cc”
1
7D00
7D0B
bit-mapped
63
Set to 0.
1
22
MM-27
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
7D21
-
7D21
32034 - 32034
Input Accumulators Scaling
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- 22221111
7D22
-
7D22
32035 - 32035
Relay Accumulators Scaling
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- 22221111
7D23
-
7D23
33036 - 33036
Fast pulse input selector
UINT16
bit-mapped
p------- -----nnn
7D24
-
7D3E
32037 - 32063
Reserved
Comments
# Reg
4 bits per input or output accumulator
The nibble informs what should be the scaling of the
accumulator 0=no-scaling, 1=0.1, 2=0.01, 3= 1m,
4=0.1m, 5=0.01m, 6=1u, 7=0.1u; the value 15 disable
the accumulator.
Example: suppose that the internal input accumulator #1
is 12345, and its corresponding scaling setting is “0011”
(3 decimal). Then, the accumulator will be read as:
Scaling 3, means 1m or 0.001.
Scaled accumulator = 12345 * 0.001 = 12 (Twelve).
When value 'nnn' is non-zero, it determines which of the
card inputs will be a fast pulse detection input.
The polarity bit 'P' tells the event to be detected: 1=opento-close; 0=close-to-open. There is no “any-change”
detection mode.
Set to 0.
7D00
-
7D00
32001 - 32001
Input#1 - 4 bindings & logging enables
UINT16
bit-mapped
First Overlay
44443333 22221111
7D01
-
7D01
32002 - 32002
Source for Pulse Ouput#1
UINT16
enumeration
-----ppp ----vvvv
7D02
-
7D02
32003 - 32003
Kt [Wh/pulse] factor for Pulse Output#1
UINT16
bit-mapped
ddVVVVVV VVVVVVVV
7D03
-
7D04
32004 - 32005
Output#2 Assignment and Kt
7D05
-
7D06
32006 - 32007
Output#3 Assignment and Kt
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
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1
27
Block Size:
Settings Registers for Digital I/O Pulse Output Card
1
1
63
write only in PS update mode
One nibble for each input.
Assuming "abcc" as the bits in each nibble:
"a": select this input for EOI (End Of Interval)pulse
sensing.
"b": log this input when pulse is detected
"cc": Input event trigger mode - Contact sensing method;
00 = none; 01 = open to close; 10 = close to open; 11 =
any change.
Every input has an associated internal accumulator (See
input Accumulator Scaling), which is incremented every
time the input changes according with the trigger mode
crieteria “cc”
1
" ppp" (Phase) : 000 = none, 001 = Phase A, 010 =
Phase B, 011 = Phase C, 100 = All Phases, 101 = Pulse
from EOI(End Of Interval).
"vvvv"(Value) :
0000= none,
0001 = Wh,
0010 = +Wh,
0011 = -Wh,
0100= Varh,
0101 = +Varh,
0110 = -Varh,
0111 = VAh,
1000= Received Wh,
1001= Delivered Wh,
1010= Inductive Varh,
1011 = Capacitive Varh
1
1
UINT16
"V…V" = not scaled energy value per pulse, from 0 to
9999.
"dd"= decimal point position: 00=0.XXXX, 01=X.XXX,
10=XX.XX, 11= X.XXX.
same as Output #1
UINT16
same as Output #1
2
Doc# E149701
2
MM-28
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
7E1F
-
7E1F
32288 - 32288
Input#1 Accumulator Kt
UINT16
bit-mapped
ddVVVVVV VVVVVVVV
7E20
-
7E20
32289 - 32289
Input#2 Accumulator Kt
UINT16
bit-mapped
ddVVVVVV VVVVVVVV
7E21
-
7E21
32290 - 32290
Input#3 Accumulator Kt
UINT16
bit-mapped
ddVVVVVV VVVVVVVV
7E22
-
7E22
32291 - 32291
Input#4 Accumulator Kt
UINT16
bit-mapped
ddVVVVVV VVVVVVVV
7E23
-
7F3E
32292 - 32575
Reserved
Comments
# Reg
KT power factor for the accumulator input
"V" is raw power value in Wh/pulse from 0 to 9999.
"dd"=decimal point position: 00=0.XXXX, 01=X.XXX,
10=XX.XX, 11= X.XXX.
Reserved
Second Overlay
1
1
284
Block Size:
Settings Registers for Analog Out 0-1mA / Analog Out 4-20mA Cards
1
1
512
write only in PS update mode
7D3F
-
7D3F
32064 - 32064
Update rate
UINT16
0 to 65535
7D40
-
7D40
32065 - 32065
Channel direction - 1mA Card only!
UINT16
bit-mapped
milliseconds
-------- ----4321
Fixed -- see specifications.
1
Full range output for 0-1mA card only: A bit set(1) means
full range (-1mA to +1mA); a bit cleared(0) means source
only (0mA to +1mA).
Format of the polled register:f=float 32; s=signed 32 bit
int; u=unsigned 32 bit int; w=signed 16 bit int;
b=unsigned 16 bit int.
This register should be programmed with the address of
the register whose value is to be used for current output.
In different words, the current level output of analog
board will follow the value of the register addressed here.
1
7D41
-
7D41
32066 - 32066
Format parameter for output #1
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- ---f suwb
7D42
-
7D42
32067 - 32067
Source register for Output#1
UINT16
0 to 65535
7D43
-
7D44
32068 - 32069
High value of source register for output#1
Depends on the format parameter
Value read from the source register at which High
nominal current will be output. Example: for the 4-20mA
card, if this register is programmed with 750, then the
current output will be 20mA when the value read from the
source register is 750.
2
7D45
-
7D46
32070 - 32071
Low value of source register for output#1
Depends on the format parameter
Value read from the source register at which Low
nominal current will be output. Example: for the 4-20mA
card, if this register is programmed with 0, then the
current output will be 4mA when the value read from the
source register is 0.
2
7D47
-
7D4C
32072 - 32077
Analog output#2 format, register, max & min
Same as analog output#1
6
7D4D
-
7D52
32078 - 32083
Analog output#3 format, register, max & min
Same as analog output#1
6
7D53
-
7D58
32084 - 32089
Analog output#4 format, register, max & min
Same as analog output#1
6
7D59
-
7F3E
32090 - 32575
Reserved
Reserved
Second Overlay
1
486
Block Size:
Settings Registers for Network Cards
1
512
write only in PS update mode
7D3F
-
7D3F
32064 - 32064
General Options
bit-mapped
-----DGT W--- -1--
W=Web server:0=Enabled, 1=Disabled
T=Silentmode:0=Disabled, 1=Enabled
(When enabled TCP/Reset is not sent when
Connection is attempted to an unbound port)
G=Modbus Tcp/Ip Gateway:0=Enabled,1=Disabled
D=DNP-Tcp/Ip-Wrapper: 0=Disabled, 1=Enabled.
1
7D40
-
7D40
32065 - 32065
DHCP enable
bit-mapped
-------- -------d
DHCP: d=1 enabled, d=0 disabled (user must provide IP
configuration).
1
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
The Leader In Power Monitoring and Smart Grid Solutions
Doc# E149701
MM-29
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
7E1F
-
7E1F
32288 - 32288
Input#1 Accumulator Kt
UINT16
bit-mapped
ddVVVVVV VVVVVVVV
7E20
-
7E20
32289 - 32289
Input#2 Accumulator Kt
UINT16
bit-mapped
ddVVVVVV VVVVVVVV
7E21
-
7E21
32290 - 32290
Input#3 Accumulator Kt
UINT16
bit-mapped
ddVVVVVV VVVVVVVV
7E22
-
7E22
32291 - 32291
Input#4 Accumulator Kt
UINT16
bit-mapped
ddVVVVVV VVVVVVVV
7E23
-
7F3E
32292 - 32575
Reserved
Comments
# Reg
KT power factor for the accumulator input
"V" is raw power value in Wh/pulse from 0 to 9999.
"dd"=decimal point position: 00=0.XXXX, 01=X.XXX,
10=XX.XX, 11= X.XXX.
Reserved
Second Overlay
1
1
284
Block Size:
Settings Registers for Analog Out 0-1mA / Analog Out 4-20mA Cards
1
1
512
write only in PS update mode
7D3F
-
7D3F
32064 - 32064
Update rate
UINT16
0 to 65535
7D40
-
7D40
32065 - 32065
Channel direction - 1mA Card only!
UINT16
bit-mapped
milliseconds
-------- ----4321
Fixed -- see specifications.
1
Full range output for 0-1mA card only: A bit set(1) means
full range (-1mA to +1mA); a bit cleared(0) means source
only (0mA to +1mA).
Format of the polled register:f=float 32; s=signed 32 bit
int; u=unsigned 32 bit int; w=signed 16 bit int;
b=unsigned 16 bit int.
This register should be programmed with the address of
the register whose value is to be used for current output.
In different words, the current level output of analog
board will follow the value of the register addressed here.
1
7D41
-
7D41
32066 - 32066
Format parameter for output #1
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- ---f suwb
7D42
-
7D42
32067 - 32067
Source register for Output#1
UINT16
0 to 65535
7D43
-
7D44
32068 - 32069
High value of source register for output#1
Depends on the format parameter
Value read from the source register at which High
nominal current will be output. Example: for the 4-20mA
card, if this register is programmed with 750, then the
current output will be 20mA when the value read from the
source register is 750.
2
7D45
-
7D46
32070 - 32071
Low value of source register for output#1
Depends on the format parameter
Value read from the source register at which Low
nominal current will be output. Example: for the 4-20mA
card, if this register is programmed with 0, then the
current output will be 4mA when the value read from the
source register is 0.
2
7D47
-
7D4C
32072 - 32077
Analog output#2 format, register, max & min
Same as analog output#1
6
7D4D
-
7D52
32078 - 32083
Analog output#3 format, register, max & min
Same as analog output#1
6
7D53
-
7D58
32084 - 32089
Analog output#4 format, register, max & min
Same as analog output#1
6
7D59
-
7F3E
32090 - 32575
Reserved
Reserved
Second Overlay
1
486
Block Size:
Settings Registers for Network Cards
1
512
write only in PS update mode
7D3F
-
7D3F
32064 - 32064
General Options
bit-mapped
-----DGT W--- -1--
W=Web server:0=Enabled, 1=Disabled
T=Silentmode:0=Disabled, 1=Enabled
(When enabled TCP/Reset is not sent when
Connection is attempted to an unbound port)
G=Modbus Tcp/Ip Gateway:0=Enabled,1=Disabled
D=DNP-Tcp/Ip-Wrapper: 0=Disabled, 1=Enabled.
1
7D40
-
7D40
32065 - 32065
DHCP enable
bit-mapped
-------- -------d
DHCP: d=1 enabled, d=0 disabled (user must provide IP
configuration).
1
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
The Leader In Power Monitoring and Smart Grid Solutions
Doc# E149701
MM-30
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
ASCII
Comments
# Reg
7D41
-
7D48
32066 - 32073
Host name label
16 bytes (8 registers)
8
7D49
-
7D4C
32074 - 32077
IP card network address
UINT16
0 to 255 (IPv4)
These 4 registers hold the 4 numbers (1 number each
register) that make the IP address used by the card.
4
7D4D
-
7D4D
32078 - 32078
IP network address mask length
UINT16
0 to 32
1
7D4E
-
7D51
32079 - 32082
IP card network gateway address
UINT16
0 to 255 (IPv4)
Number of bits that are set in the IP address mask,
starting from the Msb of the 32 bit word.
Example 24 = 255.255.255.0; a value of 2 would mean
192.0.0.0
These 4 registers hold the 4 numbers that make the IP
gateway address on network.
7D52
-
7D55
32083 - 32086
DNS #1, IP address
UINT16
0 to 255 (IPv4)
IP address of the DNS#1 on the network.
4
7D56
-
7D59
32087 - 32090
DNS #2, IP address
UINT16
0 to 255 (IPv4)
IP address of the DNS#2 on the network.
4
7D5A
-
7D5A
32091 - 32091
TCP/IP Port – Modbus Gateway Service
UINT16
32-65534
1
UINT16
32-65534
Port for the Gateway service (modbus tcp/ip) when
enabled
Port for the Web service (html viewer) when enabled
1
4
7D5B
-
7D5B
32092 - 32092
TCP/IP Port – WebService
7D5C
-
7D5C
32093 - 32093
Reserved – must be set to 0
Reserved. Set these regs to zero.
1
7D5D
-
7D5D
32094 - 32094
Reserved – must be set to 0
Reserved. Set these regs to zero.
1
7D5E
-
7D61
32095 - 32098
Reserved – must be set to 0
Reserved. Set these regs to zero.
4
7D62
-
7D65
32099 - 32102
Reserved – must be set to 0
Reserved. Set these regs to zero.
4
7D66
-
7D66
32103 - 32103
Reserved – must be set to 0
Reserved. Set these regs to zero.
1
7D67
-
7D67
32104 - 32104
Reserved – must be set to 0
Reserved. Set these regs to zero.
1
7D68
-
7D6C
32105 - 32109
Reserved – must be set to 0
Reserved. Set these regs to zero.
7D6D
-
7D8C
32110 - 32141
NTP1 URL or IP(string)
IP address of the NTP server the Shark will contact.
5
7D8D
-
7DAC
32142 - 32173
Reserved – must be set to 0
Set these to regs to zero. Shark uses only 1 NTP
7DAD
-
7F3E
32174 - 32575
Reserved – must be set to 0
Reserved. Set these regs to zero.
32
32
402
Block Size:
512
Programmable Settings for Option Card 2
write only in PS update mode
Option Card 2 Setups Block
80E7
-
80E7
33000 - 33000
Class ID of the Option Card 2 Settings
UINT16
80E8
-
8126
33001 - 33063
8127
-
8326
33064 - 33575
Settings for Option Card 2, First Overlay -- see
below
Settings for Option Card 2, Second Overlay -see below
bit-mapped
-------- cccctttt
Which class (cccc) and type(tttt) of card the Option
Settings for Card 2 apply to. See note 22
Register assignments depend on which type of card is in the slot. See overlays below.
Register assignments depend on which type of card is in the slot. See overlays below.
1
63
512
Block Size:
576
Overlays for Option Card 2 Programmable Settings
Settings Registers for any communication capable card, including network and analog cards
First Overlay
80E8
-
80E8
33001 - 33001
Slave address
UINT16
1~247 (for Modbus)
1~65520 (for DNP)
none
80E9
-
80E9
33002 - 33002
Speed and format
UINT16
bit-mapped
-abcde-- fghijklm
80EA
-
80EA
33003 - 33003
Reserved
UINT16
bit-mapped
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
The Leader In Power Monitoring and Smart Grid Solutions
Doc# E149701
write only in PS update mode
Slave address of the unit. The communication capable
card is always a master.
Set to 0 when an analog board is installed.
Bps: a=57600; b=38400; c=19200; d=14400; e=9600
Stop bits 'f': cleared 1 stop bit, set 2 stop bits
Parity: g=even; h=odd; i=none
Data bits: j=8; k=7; l=6; m=5
Set to 0 when an analog board is installed.
Reserved
1
1
1
MM-31
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
80EB
-
80EB
33004 - 33004
Protocol
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- -----ppp-
ppp= 100 =DNP3; 010=Ascii Modbus; 001=Rtu Modbus
Set to 0 when an analog board is installed.
1
80EC
-
80EC
33005 - 33005
Reply delay
UINT16
0 to 65535
milliseconds
Delay to reply to a Modbus transaction after receiving it.
Set to 0 when an analog board is installed
1
80ED
-
8126
33006 - 33063
Reserved
Reserved
58
Block Size:
Settings Registers for Digital I/O Relay Card
80E8
-
80E8
33001 - 33001
Input#1 - 2 bindings & logging enables
UINT16
bit-mapped
First Overlay
-------- 2222 1111
63
write only in PS update mode
One nibble for each input.
Assuming "abcc" as the bits in each nibble:
"a": select this input for EOI (End Of Interval)pulse
sensing.
"b": log this input when pulse is detected
"cc": Input event trigger mode - Contact sensing method;
00 = none; 01 = open to close; 10 = close to open; 11 =
any change.
Every input has an associated internal accumulator (See
input Accumulator Scaling), which is incremented every
time the input changes according with the trigger mode
crieteria “cc”
1
80E9
-
80E9
33002 - 33002
Relay #1 Delay to Operate
UINT16
0.1 second units
Delay to operate the relay since request.
1
80EA
-
80EA
33003 - 33003
Relay #1 Delay to Release
UINT16
0.1 second units
Delay to release the relay since request.
1
80EB
-
80F0
33004 - 33009
Reserved
UINT16
Set to 0.
6
80F1
-
80F1
33010 - 33010
Relay #2 Delay to Operate
UINT16
0.1 second units
Delay to operate the relay since request.
1
0.1 second units
Delay to release the relay since request.
80F2
-
80F2
33011 - 33011
Relay #2 Delay to Release
UINT16
80F3
-
8108
33012 - 33033
Reserved
UINT16
1
Set to 0.
8109
-
8109
33034 - 33034
Input Accumulators Scaling
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- 22221111
810A
-
810A
33035 - 33035
Relay Accumulators Scaling
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- 22221111
810B
-
810B
33036 - 33036
Fast pulse input selector
UINT16
bit-mapped
p------- -----nnn
810C
-
8126
33037 - 33063
Reserved
22
4 bits per input or output accumulator
The nibble informs what should be the scaling of the
accumulator 0=no-scaling, 1=0.1, 2=0.01, 3= 1m,
4=0.1m, 5=0.01m, 6=1u, 7=0.1u; the value 15 disable
the accumulator.
Example: suppose that the internal input accumulator #1
is 12345, and its corresponding scaling setting is “0011”
(3 decimal). Then, the accumulator will be read as:
Scaling 3, means 1m or 0.001.
Scaled accumulator = 12345 * 0.001 = 12 (Twelve).
When value 'nnn' is non-zero, it determines which of the
card inputs will be a fast pulse detection input.
The polarity bit 'P' tells the event to be detected: 1=opento-close; 0=close-to-open. There is no “any-change”
detection mode.
Reserved
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1
63
MM-32
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Settings Registers for Digital I/O Pulse Output Card
Units or Resolution
80E8
-
80E8
33001 - 33001
Input#1 - 4 bindings & logging enables
UINT16
bit-mapped
First Overlay
44443333 22221111
80E9
-
80E9
33002 - 33002
Source for Pulse Ouput#1
UINT16
enumeration
-----ppp ----vvvv
80EA
-
80EA
33003 - 33003
Kt [Wh/pulse] factor for Pulse Output#1
UINT16
bit-mapped
ddVVVVVV VVVVVVVV
80EB
-
80EC
33004 - 33005
Output#2 Assignment and Kt
80ED
-
80EE
33006 - 33007
80EF
-
80F0
33008 - 33009
Comments
# Reg
write only in PS update mode
One nibble for each input.
Assuming "abcc" as the bits in each nibble:
"a": select this input for EOI (End Of Interval)pulse
sensing.
"b": log this input when pulse is detected
"cc": Input event trigger mode - Contact sensing method;
00 = none; 01 = open to close; 10 = close to open; 11 =
any change.
Every input has an associated internal accumulator (See
input Accumulator Scaling), which is incremented every
time the input changes according with the trigger mode
crieteria “cc”
1
" ppp" (Phase) : 000 = none, 001 = Phase A, 010 =
Phase B, 011 = Phase C, 100 = All Phases, 101 = Pulse
from EOI(End Of Interval).
"vvvv"(Value) :
0000= none,
0001 = Wh,
0010 = +Wh,
0011 = -Wh,
0100= Varh,
0101 = +Varh,
0110 = -Varh,
0111 = VAh,
1000= Received Wh,
1001= Delivered Wh,
1010= Inductive Varh,
1011 = Capacitive Varh
1
1
UINT16
"V…V" = not scaled energy value per pulse, from 0 to
9999.
"dd"= decimal point position: 00=0.XXXX, 01=X.XXX,
10=XX.XX, 11= X.XXX.
same as Output #1
Output#3 Assignment and Kt
UINT16
same as Output #1
2
Output#4 Assignment and Kt
UINT16
same as Output #1
2
80F1
-
80F1
33010 - 33010
Input Accumulators Scaling
UINT16
bit-mapped
44443333 22221111
80F2
-
80F2
33011 - 33011
Output Accumulators Scaling
UINT16
bit-mapped
44443333 22221111
80F3
-
80F3
33012 - 33012
Fast pulse input selector
UINT16
bit-mapped
p------- -----nnn
80F4
-
8126
33013 - 33063
Reserved
1
see Relay Card above
1
When value 'nnn' is non-zero, it determines which of the
card inputs will be a fast pulse detection input.
The polarity bit 'P' tells the event to be detected: 1=opento-close; 0=close-to-open. There is no “any-change”
detection mode.
Reserved
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2
63
MM-33
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
Second Overlay
Settings Registers for Digital I/O Relay Card
# Reg
write only in PS update mode
8127
-
812E
33064 - 33071
Input#1 Label
ASCII
16 char
8
812F
-
8136
33072 - 33079
Input#1 Low State Name
ASCII
16 char
8
8137
-
813E
33080 - 33087
Input#1 High State Name
ASCII
16 char
813F
-
8156
33088 - 33111
Input#2 Label and State Names
8157
-
8186
33112 - 33159
Reserved
8187
-
818E
33160 - 33167
Relay#1 Label
ASCII
16 char
8
818F
-
8196
33168 - 33175
Relay#1 Open State Name
ASCII
16 char
8
8197
-
819E
33176 - 33183
Relay#1 Closed State Name
ASCII
16 char
819F
-
81B6
33184 - 33207
Relay#2 Label and State Names
81B7
-
81E6
33208 - 33255
Reserved
81E7
-
81EE
33256 - 33263
Input#1 Accumulator Label
ASCII
16 char
8
81EF
-
81F6
33264 - 33271
Input#2 Accumulator Label
ASCII
16 char
8
81F7
-
8206
33272 - 33287
Reserved
8207
-
8207
33288 - 33288
Input#1 Accumulator Kt
UINT16
bit-mapped
ddVVVVVV VVVVVVVV
8208
-
8208
33289 - 33289
Input#2 Accumulator Kt
UINT16
bit-mapped
ddVVVVVV VVVVVVVV
8209
-
8326
33290 - 33575
Reserved
8
24
same as Input#1
48
8
24
same as Relay#1
48
16
KT power factor for the Pulse Output
"V" is raw power value in Wh/pulse from 0 to 9999.
"dd"=decimal point position: 00=0.XXXX, 01=X.XXX,
10=XX.XX, 11= X.XXX.
1
1
286
Block Size:
Second Overlay
Settings Registers for Digital I/O Pulse Output Card
512
write only in PS update mode
8127
-
812E
33064 - 33071
Input#1 Label
ASCII
16 char
8
812F
-
8136
33072 - 33079
Input#1 Low State Name
ASCII
16 char
8
8137
-
813E
33080 - 33087
Input#1 High State Name
ASCII
16 char
813F
-
8156
33088 - 33111
Input#2 Label and State Names
same as Input#1
24
8
8157
-
816E
33112 - 33135
Input#3 Label and State Names
same as Input#1
24
816F
-
8186
33136 - 33159
Input#4 Label and State Names
same as Input#1
24
8187
-
818E
33160 - 33167
Output#1 Label
ASCII
16 char
8
818F
-
8196
33168 - 33175
Output#1 Open State Name
ASCII
16 char
8
8197
-
819E
33176 - 33183
Output#1 Closed State Name
ASCII
16 char
819F
-
81B6
33184 - 33207
Output#2 Label and State Names
same as Output#1
24
8
81B7
-
81CE
33208 - 33231
Output#3 Label and State Names
same as Output#1
24
81CF
-
81E6
33232 - 33255
Output#4 Label and State Names
same as Output#1
24
81E7
-
81EE
33256 - 33263
Input#1 Accumulator Label
ASCII
16 char
8
81EF
-
81F6
33264 - 33271
Input#2 Accumulator Label
ASCII
16 char
8
8
81F7
-
81FE
33272 - 33279
Input#3 Accumulator Label
ASCII
16 char
81FF
-
8206
33280 - 33287
Input#4 Accumulator Label
ASCII
16 char
8207
-
8207
33288 - 33288
Input#1 Accumulator Kt
UINT16
bit-mapped
ddVVVVVV VVVVVVVV
8208
-
8208
33289 - 33289
Input#2 Accumulator Kt
UINT16
bit-mapped
ddVVVVVV VVVVVVVV
8209
-
8209
33290 - 33290
Input#3 Accumulator Kt
UINT16
bit-mapped
ddVVVVVV VVVVVVVV
820A
-
820A
33291 - 33291
Input#4 Accumulator Kt
UINT16
bit-mapped
ddVVVVVV VVVVVVVV
820B
-
8326
33292 - 33575
Reserved
8
KT power factor for the accumulator input
"V" is raw power value in Wh/pulse from 0 to 9999.
"dd"=decimal point position: 00=0.XXXX, 01=X.XXX,
10=XX.XX, 11= X.XXX.
Reserved
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
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1
1
284
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512
MM-34
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Settings Registers for Analog Out 0-1mA / Analog Out 4-20mA Cards
Units or Resolution
Comments
Second Overlay
# Reg
write only in PS update mode
8127
-
8127
33064 - 33064
Update rate
UINT16
0 to 65535
8128
-
8128
33065 - 33065
Channel direction - 1mA Card only!
UINT16
bit-mapped
milliseconds
-------- ----4321
Fixed -- see specifications.
1
Full range output for 0-1mA card only: A bit set(1) means
full range (-1mA to +1mA); a bit cleared(0) means source
only (0mA to +1mA).
Format of the polled register:f=float 32; s=signed 32 bit
int; u=unsigned 32 bit int; w=signed 16 bit int;
b=unsigned 16 bit int.
This register should be programmed with the address of
the register whose value is to be used for current output.
In different words, the current level output of analog
board will follow the value of the register addressed here.
1
8129
-
8129
33066 - 33066
Format parameter for output #1
UINT16
bit-mapped
-------- ---f suwb
812A
-
812A
33067 - 33067
Source register for Output#1
UINT16
0 to 65535
812B
-
812C
33068 - 33069
High value of source register for output#1
Depends on the format parameter
Value read from the source register at which High
nominal current will be output. Example: for the 4-20mA
card, if this register is programmed with 750, then the
current output will be 20mA when the value read from the
source register is 750.
2
812D
-
812E
33070 - 33071
Low value of source register for output#1
Depends on the format parameter
Value read from the source register at which Low
nominal current will be output. Example: for the 4-20mA
card, if this register is programmed with 0, then the
current output will be 4mA when the value read from the
source register is 0.
2
812F
-
8134
33072 - 33077
Analog output#2 format, register, max & min
Same as analog output#1
6
8135
-
813A
33078 - 33083
Analog output#3 format, register, max & min
Same as analog output#1
6
813B
-
8140
33084 - 33089
Analog output#4 format, register, max & min
Same as analog output#1
6
8141
-
8326
33090 - 33575
Reserved
Reserved
Second Overlay
1
486
Block Size:
Settings Registers for Network Cards
1
512
write only in PS update mode
8127
-
8127
33064 - 33064
General Options
bit-mapped
-----DGT W--- -1--
W=Web server:0=Enabled, 1=Disabled
T=Silentmode:0=Disabled, 1=Enabled
(When enabled TCP/Reset is not sent when
Connection is attempted to an unbound port)
G=Modbus Tcp/Ip Gateway:0=Enabled,1=Disabled
D=DNP-Tcp/Ip-Wrapper: 0=Disabled, 1=Enabled.
1
8128
-
8128
33065 - 33065
DHCP enable
bit-mapped
-------- -------d
1
8129
-
8130
33066 - 33073
Host name label
DHCP: d=1 enabled, d=0 disabled (user must provide IP
configuration).
16 bytes (8 registers)
8131
-
8134
33074 - 33077
IP card network address
Electro Industries/GaugeTech
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ASCII
UINT16
0 to 255 (IPv4)
Doc# E149701
These 4 registers hold the 4 numbers (1 number each
register) that make the IP address used by the card.
8
4
MM-35
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
Number of bits that are set in the IP address mask,
starting from the Msb of the 32 bit word.
Example 24 = 255.255.255.0; a value of 2 would mean
192.0.0.0
These 4 registers hold the 4 numbers that make the IP
gateway address on network.
1
0 to 255 (IPv4)
IP address of the DNS#1 on the network.
4
UINT16
0 to 255 (IPv4)
IP address of the DNS#2 on the network.
4
TCP/IP Port – Modbus Gateway Service
UINT16
32-65534
TCP/IP Port – WebService
UINT16
32-65534
Port for the Gateway service (modbus tcp/ip) when
enabled
Port for the Web service (html viewer) when enabled
1
Reserved – must be set to 0
Reserved. Set these regs to zero.
1
Reserved – must be set to 0
Reserved. Set these regs to zero.
1
33095 - 33098
Reserved – must be set to 0
Reserved. Set these regs to zero.
4
814D
33099 - 33102
Reserved – must be set to 0
Reserved. Set these regs to zero.
4
-
814E
33103 - 33103
Reserved – must be set to 0
Reserved. Set these regs to zero.
1
814F
-
814F
33104 - 33104
Reserved – must be set to 0
Reserved. Set these regs to zero.
1
8150
-
8154
33105 - 33109
Reserved – must be set to 0
Reserved. Set these regs to zero.
8155
-
8174
33110 - 33141
NTP1 URL or IP(string)
IP address of the NTP server the Shark will contact.
8135
-
8135
33078 - 33078
IP network address mask length
UINT16
0 to 32
8136
-
8139
33079 - 33082
IP card network gateway address
UINT16
0 to 255 (IPv4)
813A
-
813D
33083 - 33086
DNS #1, IP address
UINT16
813E
-
8141
33087 - 33090
DNS #2, IP address
8142
-
8142
33091 - 33091
8143
-
8143
33092 - 33092
8144
-
8144
33093 - 33093
8145
-
8145
33094 - 33094
8146
-
8149
814A
-
814E
4
1
5
8175
-
8194
33142 - 33173
Reserved – must be set to 0
Set these to regs to zero. Shark uses only 1 NTP
8195
-
8326
33174 - 33575
Reserved – must be set to 0
Reserved. Set these regs to zero.
32
32
402
Block Size:
512
Secondary Readings Section
read-only except as noted
Secondary Block
9C40
-
9C40
40001 - 40001
System Sanity Indicator
UINT16
0 or 1
none
0 indicates proper meter operation
1
9C41
-
9C41
40002 - 40002
Volts A-N
UINT16
2047 to 4095
volts
2047= 0, 4095= +150
1
9C42
-
9C42
40003 - 40003
Volts B-N
UINT16
2047 to 4095
volts
volts = 150 * (register - 2047) / 2047
9C43
-
9C43
40004 - 40004
Volts C-N
UINT16
2047 to 4095
volts
9C44
-
9C44
40005 - 40005
Amps A
UINT16
0 to 4095
amps
0= -10, 2047= 0, 4095= +10
1
9C45
-
9C45
40006 - 40006
Amps B
UINT16
0 to 4095
amps
amps = 10 * (register - 2047) / 2047
1
9C46
-
9C46
40007 - 40007
Amps C
UINT16
0 to 4095
amps
9C47
-
9C47
40008 - 40008
Watts, 3-Ph total
UINT16
0 to 4095
watts
0= -3000, 2047= 0, 4095= +3000
1
9C48
-
9C48
40009 - 40009
VARs, 3-Ph total
UINT16
0 to 4095
VARs
watts, VARs, VAs =
9C49
-
9C49
40010 - 40010
VAs, 3-Ph total
UINT16
2047 to 4095
VAs
1
1
1
3000 * (register - 2047) / 2047
9C4A
-
9C4A
40011 - 40011
Power Factor, 3-Ph total
UINT16
1047 to 3047
none
9C4B
-
9C4B
40012 - 40012
Frequency
UINT16
0 to 2730
Hz
9C4C
-
9C4C
40013 - 40013
Volts A-B
UINT16
2047 to 4095
volts
1047= -1, 2047= 0, 3047= +1
pf = (register - 2047) / 1000
0= 45 or less, 2047= 60, 2730= 65 or more
freq = 45 + ((register / 4095) * 30)
2047= 0, 4095= +300
9C4D
-
9C4D
40014 - 40014
Volts B-C
UINT16
2047 to 4095
volts
volts = 300 * (register - 2047) / 2047
9C4E
-
9C4E
40015 - 40015
Volts C-A
UINT16
2047 to 4095
volts
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
CT = numerator * multiplier / denominator
9C4F
-
9C4F
40016 - 40016
CT numerator
UINT16
1 to 9999
none
9C50
-
9C50
40017 - 40017
CT multiplier
UINT16
1, 10, 100
none
1
9C51
-
9C51
40018 - 40018
CT denominator
UINT16
1 or 5
none
1
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MM-36
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
9C52
-
9C52
40019 - 40019
PT numerator
UINT16
1 to 9999
none
9C53
-
9C53
40020 - 40020
PT multiplier
UINT16
1, 10, 100, 1000
none
1
9C54
-
9C54
40021 - 40021
PT denominator
UINT16
1 to 9999
none
9C55
-
9C56
40022 - 40023
W-hours, Positive
UINT32
0 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
* 5 to 8 digits
2
9C57
-
9C58
40024 - 40025
W-hours, Negative
UINT32
0 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
* decimal point implied, per energy format
2
9C59
-
9C5A
40026 - 40027
VAR-hours, Positive
UINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
9C5B
-
9C5C
40028 - 40029
VAR-hours, Negative
UINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
* resolution of digit before decimal point = units, kilo, or
mega, per energy format
9C5D
-
9C5E
40030 - 40031
VA-hours
UINT32
0 to 99999999
VAh per energy format
* see note 10
2
PT = numerator * multiplier / denominator
1
1
2
9C5F
-
9C60
40032 - 40033
W-hours, Positive, Phase A
UINT32
0 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
2
9C61
-
9C62
40034 - 40035
W-hours, Positive, Phase B
UINT32
0 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
2
9C63
-
9C64
40036 - 40037
W-hours, Positive, Phase C
UINT32
0 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
2
9C65
-
9C66
40038 - 40039
W-hours, Negative, Phase A
UINT32
0 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
2
9C67
-
9C68
40040 - 40041
W-hours, Negative, Phase B
UINT32
0 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
2
9C69
-
9C6A
40042 - 40043
W-hours, Negative, Phase C
UINT32
0 to 99999999
Wh per energy format
2
9C6B
-
9C6C
40044 - 40045
VAR-hours, Positive, Phase A
UINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
9C6D
-
9C6E
40046 - 40047
VAR-hours, Positive, Phase B
UINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
9C6F
-
9C70
40048 - 40049
VAR-hours, Positive, Phase C
UINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
9C71
-
9C72
40050 - 40051
VAR-hours, Negative, Phase A
UINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
9C73
-
9C74
40052 - 40053
VAR-hours, Negative, Phase B
UINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
9C75
-
9C76
40054 - 40055
VAR-hours, Negative, Phase C
UINT32
0 to 99999999
VARh per energy format
2
2
9C77
-
9C78
40056 - 40057
VA-hours, Phase A
UINT32
0 to 99999999
VAh per energy format
9C79
-
9C7A
40058 - 40059
VA-hours, Phase B
UINT32
0 to 99999999
VAh per energy format
2
9C7B
-
9C7C
40060 - 40061
VA-hours, Phase C
UINT32
0 to 99999999
VAh per energy format
2
9C7D
-
9C7D
40062 - 40062
Watts, Phase A
UINT16
0 to 4095
watts
1
9C7E
-
9C7E
40063 - 40063
Watts, Phase B
UINT16
0 to 4095
watts
1
9C7F
-
9C7F
40064 - 40064
Watts, Phase C
UINT16
0 to 4095
watts
9C80
-
9C80
40065 - 40065
VARs, Phase A
UINT16
0 to 4095
VARs
0= -3000, 2047= 0, 4095= +3000
9C81
-
9C81
40066 - 40066
VARs, Phase B
UINT16
0 to 4095
VARs
watts, VARs, VAs =
9C82
-
9C82
40067 - 40067
VARs, Phase C
UINT16
0 to 4095
VARs
1
1
1
3000 * (register - 2047) / 2047
1
9C83
-
9C83
40068 - 40068
VAs, Phase A
UINT16
2047 to 4095
VAs
1
9C84
-
9C84
40069 - 40069
VAs, Phase B
UINT16
2047 to 4095
VAs
1
9C85
-
9C85
40070 - 40070
VAs, Phase C
UINT16
2047 to 4095
VAs
9C86
-
9C86
40071 - 40071
Power Factor, Phase A
UINT16
1047 to 3047
none
9C87
-
9C87
40072 - 40072
Power Factor, Phase B
UINT16
1047 to 3047
none
9C88
-
9C88
40073 - 40073
Power Factor, Phase C
UINT16
1047 to 3047
none
9C89
-
9CA2
40074 - 40099
Reserved
N/A
none
9CA3
-
9CA3
40100 - 40100
Reset Energy Accumulators
N/A
UINT16
password (Note 5)
1
1
1047= -1, 2047= 0, 3047= +1
pf = (register - 2047) / 1000
1
1
Reserved
26
write-only register; always reads as 0
1
Block Size:
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MM-37
B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
Log Retrieval Section
Log Retrieval Block
read/write except as noted
C34C
-
C34D
49997 - 49998
Log Retrieval Session Duration
UINT32
0 to 4294967294
4 msec
0 if no session active; wraps around after max count
C34E
-
C34E
49999 - 49999
Log Retrieval Session Com Port
UINT16
0 to 4
2
0 if no session active, 1-4 for session active on COM1 COM4
high byte is the log number (0-system, 1-alarm, 2history1, 3-history2, 4-history3, 5-I/O changes, 10-PQ,
11-waveform
e is retrieval session enable(1) or disable(0)
sssssss is what to retrieve (0-normal record, 1timestamps only, 2-complete memory image (no data
validation if image)
C34F
-
C34F
50000 - 50000
Log Number, Enable, Scope
UINT16
bit-mapped
nnnnnnnn esssssss
1
C350
-
C350
50001 - 50001
Records per Window or Batch, Record Scope
Selector, Number of Repeats
UINT16
bit-mapped
wwwwwwww snnnnnnn
high byte is records per window if s=0 or records per
batch if s=1, low byte is number of repeats for function
35 or 0 to suppress auto-incrementing; max number of
repeats is 8 (RTU) or 4 (ASCII) total windows, a batch is
all the windows
1
C351
-
C352
50002 - 50003
Offset of First Record in Window
UINT32
bit-mapped
ssssssss nnnnnnnn
nnnnnnnn nnnnnnnn
ssssssss is window status (0 to 7-window number, 0xFFnot ready); this byte is read-only.
nn…nn is a 24-bit record number. The log's first record
is latched as a reference point when the session is
enabled. This offset is a record index relative to that
point. Value provided is the relative index of the whole or
partial record that begins the window.
2
C353
-
C3CD
50004 - 50126
Log Retrieve Window
UINT16
see comments
none
mapped per record layout and retrieval scope, read-only
Block Size:
1
123
130
read only
Log Status Block
Alarm Log Status Block
C737
-
C738
51000 - 51001
Log Size in Records
UINT32
0 to 4,294,967,294
record
C739
-
C73A
51002 - 51003
Number of Records Used
UINT32
1 to 4,294,967,294
record
2
C73B
-
C73B
51004 - 51004
Record Size in Bytes
UINT16
14 to 242
byte
1
C73C
-
C73C
51005 - 51005
Log Availability
UINT16
none
2
0=available,
1-4=in use by COM1-4,
0xFFFF=not available (log size=0)
1
C73D
-
C73F
51006 - 51008
Timestamp, First Record
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
C740
-
C742
51009 - 51011
Timestamp, Last Record
TSTAMP 1Jan2000 - 31Dec2099
1 sec
3
C743
-
C746
51012 - 51015
Reserved
Reserved
Individual Log Status Block Size:
4
16
C747
-
C756
51016 - 51031
System Log Status Block
same as alarm log status block
16
C757
-
C766
51032 - 51047
Historical Log 1 Status Block
same as alarm log status block
16
C767
-
C776
51048 - 51063
Historical Log 2 Status Block
same as alarm log status block
16
C777
-
C786
51064 - 51079
Historical Log 3 Status Block
same as alarm log status block
16
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Modbus Address
Hex
Decimal
Description (Note 1)
Format
Range (Note 6)
Units or Resolution
Comments
# Reg
C787
-
C796
51080 - 51095
I/O Change Log Status Block
same as alarm log status block
16
C797
-
C7A6
51096 - 51111
Power Quality Log Status Block
same as alarm log status block
16
C7A7
-
C7B6
51112 - 51127
Waveform Capture Log Status Block
same as alarm log status block
16
Block Size:
128
End of Map
Data Formats
ASCII
ASCII characters packed 2 per register in high, low order and without any termination characters. For example, "Shark200" would be 4 registers containing 0x5378, 0x6172, 0x6B32, 0x3030.
SINT16 / UINT16
16-bit signed / unsigned integer.
SINT32 / UINT32
32-bit signed / unsigned integer spanning 2 registers. The lower-addressed register is the high order half.
FLOAT
32-bit IEEE floating point number spanning 2 registers. The lower-addressed register is the high order half (i.e., contains the exponent).
TSTAMP
3 adjacent registers, 2 bytes each. First (lowest-addressed) register high byte is year (0-99), low byte is month (1-12). Middle register high byte is day(1-31), low byte is hour (0-23 plus DST bit).
DST (daylight saving time) bit is bit 6 (0x40). Third register high byte is minutes (0-59), low byte is seconds (0-59). For example, 9:35:07AM on October 12, 2049 would be 0x310A, 0x0C49, 0x2307,
assuming DST is in effect.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
Notes
1
All registers not explicitly listed in the table read as 0. Writes to these registers will be accepted but won't actually change the register (since it doesn't exist).
2
Meter Data Section items read as 0 until first readings are available or if the meter is not in operating mode. Writes to these registers will be accepted but won't actually change the register.
3
Register valid only in programmable settings update mode. In other modes these registers read as 0 and return an illegal data address exception if a write is attempted.
4
Meter command registers always read as 0. They may be written only when the meter is in a suitable mode. The registers return an illegal data address exception if a write is attempted in an incorrect mode.
5
If the password is incorrect, a valid response is returned but the command is not executed. Use 5555 for the password if passwords are disabled in the programmable settings.
6
M denotes a 1,000,000 multiplier.
7
Each identifier is a Modbus register. For entities that occupy multiple registers (FLOAT, SINT32, etc.) all registers making up the entity must be listed, in ascending order. For example, to log phase A volts, VAs,
voltage THD, and VA hours, the register list would be 0x3E7, 0x3E8, 0x411, 0x412, 0x176F, 0x61D, 0x61E and the number of registers (0x7917 high byte) would be 7.
8
Writing this register causes data to be saved permanently in nonvolatile memory. Reply to the command indicates that it was accepted but not whether or not the save was successful. This can only be determined after
9
Reset commands make no sense if the meter state is LIMP. An illegal function exception will be returned.
10
Energy registers should be reset after a format change.
11
Entities to be monitored against limits are identified by Modbus address. Entities occupying multiple Modbus registers, such as floating point values, are identified by the lower register address. If any of the 8 limits is
unused, set its identifier to zero. If the indicated Modbus register is not used or is a nonsensical entity for limits, it will behave as an unused limit.
12
There are 2 setpoints per limit, one above and one below the expected range of values. LM1 is the "too high" limit, LM2 is "too low". The entity goes "out of limit" on LM1 when its value is greater than the setpoint. It
remains "out of limit" until the value drops below the in threshold. LM2 works similarly, in the opposite direction. If limits in only one direction are of interest, set the in threshold on the "wrong" side of the setpoint. Limits
are specified as % of full scale, where full scale is automatically set appropriately for the entity being monitored:
current FS = CT numerator * CT multiplier
voltage FS = PT numerator * PT multiplier
3 phase power FS = CT numerator * CT multiplier * PT numerator * PT multiplier * 3 [ * SQRT(3) for delta hookup]
single phase power FS = CT numerator * CT multiplier * PT numerator * PT multiplier [ * SQRT(3) for delta hookup]
frequency FS = 60 (or 50)
power factor FS = 1.0
percentage FS = 100.0
angle FS = 180.0
13
THD not available shows 10000 in all THD and harmonic magnitude and phase registers for the channel. THD may be unavailable due to low V or I amplitude, delta hookup (V only), or V-switch setting.
14
Option Card Identification and Configuration Block is an image of the EEPROM on the card
15
A block of data and control registers is allocated for each option slot. Interpretation of the register data depends on what card is in the slot.
16
Measurement states: Off occurs during programmable settings updates; Run is the normal measuring state; Limp indicates that an essentail non-volatile memory block is corrupted; and Warmup occurs briefly
(approximately 4 seconds) at startup while the readings stabilize. Run state is required for measurement, historical logging, demand interval processing, limit alarm evaluation, min/max comparisons, and THD
calculations. Resetting min/max or energy is allowed only in run and off states; warmup will return a busy exception. In limp state, the meter reboots at 5 minute intervals in an effort to clear the problem.
17
Limits evaluation for all entites except demand averages commences immediately after the warmup period. Evaluation for demand averages, maximum demands, and minimum demands commences at the end of the
first demand interval after startup.
18
Autoincrementing and function 35 must be used when retrieving waveform logs.
19
Depending on the V-switch setting, there are 15, 29, or 45 flash sectors available in a common pool for distribution among the 3 historical and waveform logs. The pool size, number of sectors for each log, and the
number of registers per record together determine the maximum number of records a log can hold.
S = number of sectors assigned to the log,
H = number of Modbus registers to be monitored in each historical record (up to 117),
R = number of bytes per record = (12 + 2H) for historical logs
N = number of records per sector = 65516 / R, rounded down to an integer value (no partial records in a sector)
T = total number of records the log can hold = S * N
T = S * 2 for the waveform log.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
20
Only 1 input on all digital input cards may be specified as the end-of-interval pulse.
21
Logs cannot be reset during log retrieval. Waveform log cannot be reset while storing a capture. Busy exception will be returned.
22
Combination of class and type currently defined are:
0x23 = Fiber cards
0x24 = Network card
0x41 = Relay card
0x42 = Pulse card
0x81 = 0-1mA analog output card
0x82 = 4-20mA analog output card.
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B: Modbus Map and Retrieving Logs
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C: DNP Mapping
C: DNP Mapping
C.1: Overview
This Appendix describes the functionality of the Shark® 200 meter's version of the
DNP protocol. A DNP programmer needs this information in order to retrieve data
from the Shark® 200 meter using this protocol. The Shark® 200 meter's version of
DNP is a reduced set of the Distributed Network Protocol Version 3.0 subset 2, with
enough functionality to get critical measurements from the Shark® 200 meter.
The Shark® 200 meter's DNP version supports Class 0 object/qualifiers 0,1,2,6, only.
No event generation is supported. The Shark® 200 meter always acts as a secondary
device (slave) in DNP communication.
An important feature allows DNP readings in primary units with user-set scaling for
current, Voltage, and power (see Chapter 8 in the Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and
MeterManager EXT Software User Manual for instructions).
C.2: Physical Layer
DNP uses both Network (TCP/IP) and serial communication. DNP3 serial communication can be assigned to Port 2 (RS485 compliant port) or any communication capable
option board. Serial Speed and data format are transparent for DNP: they can be set
to any supported value. The IrDA port cannot use DNP. DNP3 over Ethernet is supported along with Modbus via a DNP3-enabled Network card. DNP packets should be
directed to the port assigned for DNP during the meter’s Device Profile configuration
(see Chapter 8 in the Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User
Manual for instructions). The DNP implementation is identical, regardless of the physical layer being used.
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C: DNP Mapping
C.3: Data Link Layer
The Shark® 200 meter can be assigned a value from 1 to 65534 as the target device
address for DNP. The data link layer follows the standard frame FT3 used by DNP Version 3.0 protocol, but only 4 functions are implemented: Reset Link, Reset User,
Unconfirmed User Data, and Link Status, as depicted in the following table.
Function
Function Code
Reset Link
0
Reset User
1
Unconfirmed User Data
4
Link Status
9
Table C.1: Supported Link Functions
Refer to Section C.7 for more detail on supported frames for the data link layer.
In order to establish a clean communication with the Shark® 200 meter, we
recommend that you perform the Reset Link and Reset User functions. The Link
Status is not mandatory, but if queried, it will be attended to. The inter-character
time-out for DNP is 1 second. If this amount of time, or more, elapses between two
consecutive characters within a FT3 frame, the frame will be dropped.
C.4: Application Layer
The Shark® 200 meter’s DNP version supports the Read, Write, Select, Operate,
Direct Operate and Direct Operate Unconfirmed functions. All Application layer
requests and responses follow the DNP standard. Some sample requests and
responses are included in this Appendix (see Section C.8).
• The Read function (code 01) provides a means of reading the critical measurement
data and status from the meter. This function code, depending upon the qualifier,
cab be used to read an individual object and point, a group of points within an
object, or all points within an object. It is also used to read Object 60, variation 1,
which will read all the available Class 0 objects from the DNP register map (see the
Object map in Section C.6). In order to retrieve all objects with their respective
variations, the qualifier must be set to ALL (0x06). See Section C.7 for an example
showing a Read Class 0 request-data from the meter.
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C: DNP Mapping
• The Write function (code 02) provides a means of clearing the Device restart bit in
the Internal Indicator register, only. This is mapped to Object 80, point 0 with variation 1. When clearing the restart-device indicator, use qualifier 0. Section C.7
shows the supported frames for this function.
• The Select function (code 03) provides a means of selecting a Control Relay Output
Block (CROB) (Object 12). This function can be used to select the Energy or
Demand counters, or to select a Relay if there are any installed in the device.
• The Operate function (code 04) provides the means for repeating the operation of a
previously selected CROB (Object 12) device. This function can be used to reset the
Energy or Demand counters, or to operate a Relay if there are any installed in the
device. The device must have been previously selected by the request immediately
preceding the Operate command, and be received within the specified time limit
(the default is 30 seconds). This function uses the same operation rules as a Direct
Operate function.
• The Direct Operate function (code 05) provides the means for the direct operation
of a CROB (Object 12) device. This function can be used for resetting the Energy
and Demand counters (minimum and maximum energy registers) or controlling
relays if there are any installed in the device. The relay must be operated (On) in 0
msec and released (Off) in 1 msec, only. Qualifiers 0x17 or x28 are supported for
writing the energy reset. Sample frames are shown in Section C.7.
• The Direct Operate Unconfirmed (or Unacknowledged) function (code 06) is
intended for asking the communication port to switch to Modbus RTU protocol from
DNP. This switching is seen as a control relay mapped into Object 12, point 1 in the
meter. The relay must be operated with qualifier 0x17, code 3 count 0, with 0
milliseconds on and 1 millisecond off, only. After sending this request the current
communication port will accept Modbus RTU frames only. To make this port go back
to DNP protocol, the unit must be powered down and up, again. Section C.7 shows
the constructed frame to perform DNP to Modbus RTU protocol change.
NOTE: This function has no effect when requested via a Network card.
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C: DNP Mapping
C.5: Error Reply
In the case of an unsupported function, or any other recognizable error, an error reply
is generated from the Shark® 200 meter to the Primary station (the requester). The
Internal Indicator field will report the type of error: unsupported function or bad
parameter.
The broadcast acknowledge and restart bit are also signaled in the Internal Indicator
field, but they do not indicate an error condition.
C.6: Object Specifics
• Object 1 - Binary Input Status with Flags - These data points are mapped to the
Digital Inputs on any Digital Relay Cards (RO1S) installed in the Shark® meter.
They are only available if at least one Digital Relay Card is installed in the meter.
The inputs on a card in Slot 1 are mapped to Points 0 and 1. The inputs on a card in
Slot 2 are mapped to Points 2 and 3. If there is no card installed in a slot, those
points will return a status with the “Offline” bit set.
• Object 10 - Binary Output States - These data points are mapped to the Digital
Relays on any Digital Relay Cards (RO1S) installed in the Shark® meter. Data
Points 3 through 6 are only available if there is at least one Digital Relay Card
(RO1S) installed in the meter. The relays on a card in Slot 1 are mapped to Points 3
and 4. The relays on a card in Slot 2 are mapped to Points 5 and 6. If there is no
card installed in a slot, those points will return a status with the "Offline" bit set.
• Object 12 - Control Relay Outputs - Points 0-2 reference internal controls. Points 36 are mapped to the Digital Relays on any Digital Relay Card (RO1S) installed in the
Shark® meter. Control requests to relays not installed will return an unknown
object response. See Section C.4 for specific control mechanisms. Any relays that
have been Assigned to a limit cannot be controlled via this command: the response
status code will be 10 - Automation Inhibit, and no action will be taken.
• Object 20 - Binary Counters (Primary Readings) - Points 0-4 are mapped to Primary
Energy readings, Points 5-8 are mapped to the Digital Inputs on any Digital Relay
Card (RO1S) installed in the Shark® meter. If the digital inputs are set up as accumulators they can be read via this request; if they are not set up as accumulators
the response will always be zero.
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C: DNP Mapping
• Object 30 - Analog Inputs - These points may be either primary or secondary readings per a user setup option.
• Object 50 - Date and Time - This object supports the reading of the device's time,
only.
• Object 60 - Class Objects - Class 0 requests, only, are supported.
• Objects are returned, in the response, in the following order:
• Object 20 all points (0-8) 32 bit values
• Object 30 all points (count depends on settings) 16 bit values
• Object 1 all points (0-3) 8 bit values
• Object 10 all points (0-6) 8 bit values
• Object 80 - Internal Indicators - This request supports the clearing of the Restart
bit. This is a write function, only, which should be done as soon as possible anytime
the device has been restarted, as indicated by the restart bit being set in a
response.
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C: DNP Mapping
C.7: DNP Object Point Map
Object 1 - Binary Input Status with Flags
Read with Object 1, Var 2, and Qualifiers 0, 1, 2 or 6. (Included in Class 0 responses.)
Object
Point
Var
Description
Format
1
0
2
Read Digital Input
1 RO1S Status 1
(expansion port 1)
BYTE
1
1
2
Read Digital Input
2 RO1S Status 2
(expansion port 1)
1
2
2
1
3
2
Range
Multiplier
Units
Comments
Bit Flags
N/A
None
Returns the Status
and State of the
Input in the Flags.
BYTE
Bit Flags
N/A
None
Returns the Status
and State of the
Input in the Flags.
Read Digital Input
3 RO1S Status 1
(expansion port 2)
BYTE
Bit Flags
N/A
None
Returns the Status
and State of the
Input in the Flags.
Read Digital Input
4 RO1S Status 2
(expansion port 2)
BYTE
Bit Flags
N/A
None
Returns the Status
and State of the
Input in the Flags.
Supported Flags:
Bit 0: ONLINE (0=Offline, 1=Online) (If the Input is not present it will be shown as
Offline.)
Bit 1: RESTART (1=The Object is in the Initial State and has not been updated since
Restart.)
Bit 7: STATE (0=Off, 1=On)
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C: DNP Mapping
Object 10 - Binary Output States
Read with Object 10, Var 2, and Qualifiers 0, 1, 2 or 6. (Included in Class 0
responses.)
Object
Point
Var
Description
Format
10
0
2
Reset Energy
Counters
BYTE
10
1
2
Change to
Modbus RTU
Protocol
10
2
2
10
3
10
Range
Multiplier
Units
Comments
Always 1
N/A
None
BYTE
Always 1
N/A
None
Reset Demand
Counters (Max
/ Min )
BYTE
Always 1
N/A
None
2
Read Relay 1
State RO1S
Relay 1
(expansion
port 1)
BYTE
Bit Flags
N/A
None
Returns the Status and
State of the Relay in
the Flags.
4
2
Read Relay 2
State RO1S
Relay 2
(expansion
port 1)
BYTE
Bit Flags
N/A
None
Returns the Status and
State of the Relay in
the Flags.
10
5
2
Read Relay 3
State RO1S
Relay 1
(expansion
port 2)
BYTE
Bit Flags
N/A
None
Returns the Status and
State of the Relay in
the Flags.
10
6
2
Read Relay 4
State RO1S
Relay 2
(expansion
port 2)
BYTE
Bit Flags
N/A
None
Returns the Status and
State of the Relay in
the Flags.
Supported Flags:
Bit 0: ONLINE (0=Offline, 1=Online) (If the Input is not present it will be shown as
Offline.)
Bit 1: RESTART (1=The Object is in the Initial State and has not been updated since
Restart.)
Bit 7: STATE (0=Off, 1=On)
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C: DNP Mapping
Object 12 - Control Relay Outputs
(Responds to Function 3 - Select, 4 - Operate, or 5 - Direct Operate; Count of 1 Only.)
(Control code 3 or 4, Qualifiers 17x or 28x, On - 0 msec; Off - 1 msec.)
(Only one control object at a time may be specified.)
Object
Point
Var
12
0
1
12
1
12
Description
Format
Range
Multiplier
Units
Reset Energy
Counters
N/A
N/A
N/A
none
Control Code 3 only
1
Change to
Modbus RTU
Protocol
N/A
N/A
N/A
none
Responds to Function 6
(Direct Operate - No
Ack), Qualifier Code
17x, Control Code 3,
Count 0, On 0 msec, Off
1 msec ONLY.
2
1
Reset Demand
Counters (Max
/ Min)
N/A
N/A
N/A
none
Control Code 3 only
12
3
1
Control Relay
1 RO1S Relay
1 (expansion
port 1)
N/A
N/A
N/A
none
See Section C.4 for
operation rules and
parameters.
12
4
1
Control Relay
2 RO1S Relay
2 (expansion
port 1)
N/A
N/A
N/A
none
See Section C.4 for
operation rules and
parameters.
12
5
1
Control Relay
3 RO1S Relay
1 (expansion
port 2)
N/A
N/A
N/A
none
See Section C.4 for
operation rules and
parameters.
12
6
1
Control Relay
4 RO1S Relay
2 (expansion
port 2)
N/A
N/A
N/A
none
See Section C.4 for
operation rules and
parameters.
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Comments
C-8
C: DNP Mapping
Object 20 - Binary Counters (Primary Readings)
Read with Object 20, Var 5, and Qualifiers 0, 1, 2, or 6. (Included in Class 0
responses.)
Object
Point
Var
20
0
5
20
1
20
Description
Format
Range
Multiplier
W-hours,
Positive
UINT32
0 to
99999999
Multiplier =
10(n-d),
where n and d
are derived
from the
energy format.
n = 0, 3, or 6
per energy
format scale
and d =
number of
decimal
places.
5
W-hours,
Negative
UINT32
0 to
99999999
Whr
2
5
VAR-hours,
Positive
UINT32
0 to
99999999
VARhr
20
3
5
VAR-hours,
Negative
UINT32
0 to
99999999
VARhr
20
4
5
VA-hours,
Total
UINT32
0 to
99999999
VAhr
20
5
5
Digital Input 1
RO1S Accumulator 1
(expansion
port 1)
UINT32
0 to 9999
20
6
5
Digital Input 2
RO1S Accumulator 2
(expansion
port 1)
UINT32
20
7
5
Digital Input 3
RO1S Accumulator 1
(expansion
port 2)
UINT32
20
8
5
Digital Input 4
RO1S Accumulator 2
(expansion
port 2)
UINT32
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Units
Whr
Comments
example:
energy format =
7.2K and Whours counter =
1234567 n=3 (K
scale), d=2 ( 2
digits after decimal point), multiplier = 10(3-2)
= 101 = 10, so
energy is
1234567 * 10
Whrs, or
12345.67 KWhrs
C-9
C: DNP Mapping
Object 30 - Analog Inputs (Secondary Readings)
Read with Object 30, Var 4, and Qualifiers 0, 1, 2, or 6. (Included in Class 0
responses.)
NOTE: Object 30 may be either primary or secondary readings per a user setup
option. See the page C-13 for the primary version of Object 30.
Object
Point
Var
Description
30
0
4
Meter Health
SINT16
0 or 1
N/A
None
0 = OK
30
1
4
Volts A-N
SINT16
0 to 32767
(150 / 32768)
V
Values above
150V
secondary
read 32767.
30
2
4
Volts B-N
SINT16
0 to 32767
(150 / 32768)
V
30
3
4
Volts C-N
SINT16
0 to 32767
(150 / 32768)
V
30
4
4
Volts A-B
SINT16
0 to 32767
(300 / 32768)
V
30
5
4
Volts B-C
SINT16
0 to 32767
(300 / 32768)
V
30
6
4
Volts C-A
SINT16
0 to 32767
(300 / 32768)
V
30
7
4
Amps A
SINT16
0 to 32767
(10 / 32768)
A
30
8
4
Amps B
SINT16
0 to 32767
(10 / 32768)
A
30
9
4
Amps C
SINT16
0 to 32767
(10 / 32768)
A
30
10
4
Watts, 3-Ph
total
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500 /
32768)
W
30
11
4
VARs, 3-Ph
total
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500 /
32768)
VAR
30
12
4
VAs, 3-Ph total
SINT16
0 to +32767
(4500 /
32768)
VA
30
13
4
Power Factor,
3-Ph total
SINT16
-1000 to
+1000
0.001
None
30
14
4
Frequency
SINT16
0 to 9999
0.01
Hz
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Multiplier
E149701
Units
Comments
Values above
300V
secondary
read 32767.
Values above
10A
secondary
read 32767.
C-10
C: DNP Mapping
Object
Point
Var
Description
Format
30
15
30
4
Positive Watts,
3-Ph,
Maximum Avg
Demand
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500 /
32768)
W
16
4
Positive VARs,
3-Ph,
Maximum Avg
Demand
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500 /
32768)
VAR
30
17
4
Negative
Watts, 3-Ph,
Maximum Avg
Demand
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500 /
32768)
W
30
18
4
Negative
VARs, 3-Ph,
Maximum Avg
Demand
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500 /
32768)
VAR
30
19
4
VAs, 3-Ph,
Maximum Avg
Demand
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500 /
32768)
VA
30
20
4
Angle, Phase A
Current
SINT16
-1800 to
+1800
0.1
degree
30
21
4
Angle, Phase B
Current
SINT16
-1800 to
+1800
0.1
degree
30
22
4
Angle, Phase C
Current
SINT16
-1800 to
+1800
0.1
degree
30
23
4
Angle, Volts
A-B
SINT16
-1800 to
+1800
0.1
degree
30
24
4
Angle, Volts
B-C
SINT16
-1800 to
+1800
0.1
degree
30
25
4
Angle, Volts
C-A
SINT16
-1800 to
+1800
0.1
degree
30
26
4
CT numerator
SINT16
1 to 9999
N/A
none
30
27
4
CT multiplier
SINT16
1, 10, or 100
N/A
none
30
28
4
CT
denominator
SINT16
1 or 5
N/A
none
30
29
4
PT numerator
SINT16
1 to 9999
N/A
none
30
30
4
PT multiplier
SINT16
1, 10, or 100
N/A
none
30
31
4
PT
denominator
SINT16
1 to 9999
N/A
none
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Units
Comments
CT ratio =
(numerator
* multiplier)
/ denominator
PT ratio =
(numerator
* multiplier)
/ denominator
C-11
C: DNP Mapping
Object
Point
Var
Description
30
32
4
Neutral
Current
SINT16
0 to 32767
(10 / 32768)
A
30
33
4
PowerFactor,
Phase A
SINT16
-1000 to
+1000
0.001
None
30
34
4
Power Factor,
Phase B
SINT16
-1000 to
+1000
0.001
None
30
35
4
Power Factor,
Phase C
SINT16
-1000 to
+1000
0.001
None
30
36
4
Watts, Phase A
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500/32768)
W
30
37
4
Watts, Phase B
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500/32768)
W
30
38
4
Watts, Phase C
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500/32768)
W
30
39
4
VARs, Phase A
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500/32768)
VAR
30
40
4
VARS, Phase B
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500/32768)
VAR
30
41
4
VARs, Phase C
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500/32768)
VAR
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Multiplier
E149701
Units
Comments
For 1A
model, multiplier is (2 /
32768) and
values above
2A
secondary
read 32767
C-12
C: DNP Mapping
Object 30 - Analog Inputs (Primary Readings)
Read with Object 30, Var 4, and Qualifiers 0, 1, 2, or 6. (Included in Class 0
responses.)
NOTE: Multipliers for Volts, Amps, and Power points are per user setup options.
Object
Point
Var
Description
30
0
4
Meter Health
SINT16
0 or 1
N/A
None
0 = OK
30
1
4
Volts A-N
SINT16
0 to 32767
1, 10, or 100
V
Point value
= Actual
Volts/divisor
30
2
4
Volts B-N
SINT16
0 to 32767
1, 10, or 100
V
30
3
4
Volts C-N
SINT16
0 to 32767
1, 10, or 100
V
30
4
4
Volts A-B
SINT16
0 to 32767
1, 10, or 100
V
30
5
4
Volts B-C
SINT16
0 to 32767
1, 10, or 100
V
30
6
4
Volts C-A
SINT16
0 to 32767
1, 10, or 100
V
30
7
4
Amps A
SINT16
0 to 32767
1 or 10
A
30
8
4
Amps B
SINT16
0 to 32767
1 or 10
A
30
9
4
Amps C
SINT16
0 to 32767
1 or 10
A
30
10
4
Watts, 3-Ph
total
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
1, 10, 100 or
1000
W
30
11
4
VARs, 3-Ph
total
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
1, 10, 100 or
1000
VAR
30
12
4
VAs, 3-Ph total
SINT16
0 to +32767
1, 10, 100 or
1000
VA
30
13
4
Power Factor,
3-Ph total
SINT16
-1000 to
+1000
0.001
None
30
14
4
Frequency
SINT16
0 to 9999
0.01
Hz
30
15
4
Positive Watts,
3-Ph,
Maximum Avg
Demand
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
1, 10, 100, or
1000
W
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Units
Comments
Point value
= Actual
Amps/divisor
Point value
= Actual
kWatts/divisor
C-13
C: DNP Mapping
Description
Format
4
Positive VARs,
3-Ph,
Maximum Avg
Demand
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
1, 10, 100, or
1000
VAR
17
4
Negative
Watts, 3-Ph,
Maximum Avg
Demand
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
1, 10, 100, or
1000
W
30
18
4
Negative
VARs, 3-Ph,
Maximum Avg
Demand
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
1, 10, 100, or
1000
VAR
30
19
4
VAs, 3-Ph,
Maximum Avg
Demand
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
1, 10, 100, or
1000
VA
30
20
4
Angle, Phase A
Current
SINT16
-1800 to
+1800
0.1
degree
30
21
4
Angle, Phase B
Current
SINT16
-1800 to
+1800
0.1
degree
30
22
4
Angle, Phase C
Current
SINT16
-1800 to
+1800
0.1
degree
30
23
4
Angle, Volts
A-B
SINT16
-1800 to
+1800
0.1
degree
30
24
4
Angle, Volts
B-C
SINT16
-1800 to
+1800
0.1
degree
30
25
4
Angle, Volts
C-A
SINT16
-1800 to
+1800
0.1
degree
30
26
4
CT numerator
SINT16
1 to 9999
N/A
none
30
27
4
CT multiplier
SINT16
1, 10, or 100
N/A
none
30
28
4
CT
denominator
SINT16
1 or 5
N/A
none
30
29
4
PT numerator
SINT16
1 to 9999
N/A
none
30
30
4
PT multiplier
SINT16
1, 10, or 100
N/A
none
30
31
4
PT
denominator
SINT16
1 to 9999
N/A
none
30
32
4
Neutral
Current
SINT16
0 to 32767
(10 / 32768)
A
30
33
4
PowerFactor,
Phase A
SINT16
-1000 to
+1000
0.001
None
30
34
4
Power Factor,
Phase B
SINT16
-1000 to
+1000
0.001
None
30
35
4
Power Factor,
Phase C
SINT16
-1000 to
+1000
0.001
None
Object
Point
Var
30
16
30
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Units
Comments
CT ratio =
(numerator
* multiplier)
/ denominator
PT ratio =
(numerator
* multiplier)
/ denominator
Point value
= Actual
Amps/divisor
C-14
C: DNP Mapping
Object
Point
Var
Description
Format
30
36
30
Range
Multiplier
Units
4
Watts, Phase A
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500/32768)
W
37
4
Watts, Phase B
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500/32768)
W
30
38
4
Watts, Phase C
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500/32768)
W
30
39
4
VARs, Phase A
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500/32768)
VAR
30
40
4
VARS, Phase B
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500/32768)
VAR
30
41
4
VARs, Phase C
SINT16
-32768 to
+32767
(4500/32768)
VAR
Comments
Object 80 - Internal Indicator
Object
Point
Var
80
7
1
Description
Device Restart Bit
Format
Range
Multiplier
Units
N/A
N/A
N/A
none
Comments
Clear via
Function 2
(Write),
Qualifier
Code 0.
C.8: DNP Message Layouts
Legend
All numbers are in hexadecimal base. In addition the following symbols are used.
dst
16 bit frame destination address
src
16 bit frame source address
crc
DNP Cyclic redundant checksum (polynomial
x16+x13+x12+x11+x10+x7+x6+x5+x2+1)
x
transport layer data sequence number
y
application layer data sequence number
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C-15
C: DNP Mapping
Link Layer related frames
Reset Link
Request
05
64
05
C0
dst
src
crc
Reply
05
64
05
00
src
dst
crc
Request
05
64
05
C1
dst
src
crc
Reply
05
64
05
00
src
dst
crc
Request
05
64
05
C9
dst
src
crc
Reply
05
64
05
0B
src
dst
crc
04
06
3C
Reset User
Link Status
Application Layer related frames
Clear Restart
Request
05
Cx
64
Cy
0E
02
C4
50
dst
01
00
Reply
05
Cx
64
Cy
0A
81
44 src
int. ind.
crc
src
07
07
dst
crc
00
crc
crc
Class 0 Data
NOTE: Point numbers are in decimal.
Request
05
64
0B
Cx
Cy
01
Request
05
64
14
(alternate)
Cx
Cy
01
Reply
(same
for either
request)
05
Cx
64
Cy
A1
81
0
29
0
6
14
22
30
38
0A
1
5
02
7
15
23
31
39
00
C
4
3
C
C
4
3
C
dst
01
src
06
crc
dst
02
06
crc
src
3
C
03
crc
06
3C
44
src
dst
crc
int. ind. 14 05 00
00
08
2
3
6
7
0
1
2
3
8
9
10
11
16
17
18
19
24
25
26
27
32
33
34
35
40
41
01
02
00
00
00 06
0
1
2
3
4
5
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00
6
0
4
8
4
12
20
28
36
03
E149701
01
crc
06
1E
5
13
21
29
37
0
1
crc
1
5
2
04
6
14
22
30
38
3
crc
crc
crc
crc
crc
crc
crc
crc
crc
C-16
C: DNP Mapping
Reset Energy
Request
05
Cx
00
64
Cy
00
18
05
00
C4
0C
crc
dst
01
17
Reply
05
Cx
01
64
Cy
00
1A
81
00
44 src
int. ind.
00 00
0C
crc
src
01
00
crc
03
00
00
00
00
00
01
00
crc
dst
01
17
crc
01
00
03
00
00
00
00
00
crc
Request
(alternate)
05
Cx
01
64
Cy
00
1A
05
00
C4
0C
00
dst
01
00
28
crc
Reply
05
Cx
00
64
Cy
00
1C
81
01
44 src
int. ind.
00 00
0C
00
src
01
00
dst
01
00
28
crc
crc
00
00
03
00
00
00
00
00
crc
crc
01
00
00
00
03
00
00
00
crc
Switch to Modbus
Request
05
Cx
00
64
Cy
00
18
06
00
C4
0C
crc
dst
01
17
src
01
01
crc
03
00
00
00
00
00
01
00
crc
No Reply
Reset Demand (Maximums & Minimums)
Request
05
Cx
00
64
Cy
00
18
05
00
C4
0C
crc
dst
01
17
Reply
05
Cx
01
64
Cy
00
1A
81
00
44 src
int. ind.
00 00
0C
crc
Request
(alternate)
05
Cx
01
64
Cy
00
1A
05
00
C4
0C
00
dst
01
00
28
crc
Reply
05
Cx
00
64
Cy
00
1C
81
01
44 src
int. ind.
00 00
0C
00
0A
81
44 src
int. ind.
crc
src
01
02
crc
03
00
00
00
00
00
01
00
crc
dst
01
17
crc
01
02
03
00
00
00
00
00
crc
src
01
02
crc
00
00
03
00
00
00
00
00
crc
dst
01
00
28
crc
crc
01
02
00
00
03
00
00
00
crc
Error Reply
Reply
05
Cx
64
Cy
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Doc#
E149701
C-17
C: DNP Mapping
C.9: Internal Indication Bits
Bits implemented in the Shark® 200 meter are listed below. All others are always
reported as zeros.
Bad Function
Occurs if the function code in a User Data request is not Read (0x01), Write (0x02),
Direct Operate (0x05), or Direct Operate, No Ack (0x06).
Object Unknown
Occurs if an unsupported object is specified for the Read function. Only objects 10,
20, 30, and 60 are supported.
Out of Range
Occurs for most other errors in a request, such as requesting points that don’t exist or
direct operate requests in unsupported formats.
Buffer Overflow
Occurs if a read request or a read response is too large for its respective buffer. In
general, if the request overflows, there will be no data in the response while if the
response overflows at least the first object will be returned. The largest acceptable
request has a length field of 26, i.e. link header plus 21 bytes more, not counting
checksums. The largest possible response has 7 blocks plus the link header.
Restart
All Stations
These 2 bits are reported in accordance with standard practice.
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C-18
D: Using the USB to IrDA Adapter
D: Using the USB to IrDA Adapter (CAB6490)
D.1: Introduction
Com 1 of the Shark® 200 meter is the IrDA port, located on the face of the meter.
One way to communicate with the IrDA port is with EIG's USB to IrDA Adapter
(CAB6490), which allows you to access the Shark® 200 meter's data from a PC. This
Appendix contains instructions for installing the USB to IrDA Adapter.
D.2: Installation Procedures
The USB to IrDA Adapter comes packaged with a USB cable and an Installation CD.
Follow this procedure to install the Adapter on your PC.
1. Connect the USB cable to the USB to IrDA Adapter, and plug the USB into your PC's
USB port.
2. Insert the Installation CD into your PC's CD ROM drive.
3. You will see the screen shown below. The Found New Hardware Wizard allows you
to install the software for the Adapter. Click the Radio Button next to Install from a
list or specific location.
4. Click Next. You will see the screen shown on the next page.
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D: Using the USB to IrDA Adapter
5. Make sure the first Radio Button and the first Checkbox are selected, as shown in
the above screen. These selections allow the Adapter's driver to be copied from the
Installation disk to your PC.
6. Click Next. You will see the screen shown below.
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D: Using the USB to IrDA Adapter
7. When the driver for the Adapter is found, you will see the screen shown below.
8. You do not need to be concerned about the message on the bottom of the screen.
Click Next to continue with the installation.
9. You will see the two windows shown below. Click Continue Anyway.
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D: Using the USB to IrDA Adapter
10.You will see the screen shown on the next page while the Adapter's driver is being
installed on your PC.
11.When the driver installation is complete, you will see the screen shown below.
12.Click Finish to close the Found New Hardware Wizard.
IMPORTANT! Do NOT remove the Installation CD until the entire procedure
has completed.
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D: Using the USB to IrDA Adapter
13.Position the USB to IrDA Adapter so that it points directly at the IrDA on the front
of the Shark® 200 meter. It should be as close as possible to the meter, and not
more than 15 inches/38 cm away from it.
14.The Found New Hardware Wizard screen opens again.
This time, click the Radio Button next to Install the software automatically.
15.Click Next. You will see the screen shown below.
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D: Using the USB to IrDA Adapter
16.Make sure the first Radio Button and the first Checkbox are selected, as shown in
the above screen. Click Next. You will see the two screens shown below.
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D: Using the USB to IrDA Adapter
17.When the installation is complete, you will see the screen shown below.
Click Finish to close the Found New Hardware Wizard.
18.To verify that your Adapter has been installed properly, click:
Start>Settings>Control Panel>System>Hardware>Device Manager.
The USB to IrDA Adapter should appear under both Infrared Devices and Modems
(click on the + sign to display all configured modems). See the example screen
below.
NOTE: If the Adapter doesn't show up under Modems, move it away from the
meter for a minute and then position it pointing at the IrDA, again.
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D-7
D: Using the USB to IrDA Adapter
19.Double-click on the Standard Modem over IR link (this is the USB to IrDA
Adapter). You will see the Properties screen for the Adapter.
20.Click the Modem tab. The Com Port that the Adapter is using is displayed in the
screen.
21.Use this Com Port to connect to the meter from your PC, using the Communicator
EXTTM software. Refer to Chapter 3 of the Communicator EXTTM 4.0 and MeterManager EXT Software User Manual for detailed connection instructions.
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E: Using the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet
Network Card (INP300S)
E.1: Overview of IEC 61850
When the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network card (INP300S) is added to the
Shark® 200 meter, the unit becomes an advanced intelligent Device that can be networked on a IEC 61850 standard network within an electrical distribution system.
IEC 61850 is a standard for the design of electrical substation automation, including
the networking of substation devices. The IEC 61850 standard is part of the International Electrotechnical Commission's (IEC) Technical Committee 57 (TC57). It consists
of a suite of protocols (MMS, SMV, etc.) and abstract definitions that provide a standardized method of communication and integration to support intelligent electronic
devices from any vendor, networked together to perform protection, monitoring,
automation, metering and control in a substation environment. For more information
on IEC 61850 go to http://iec61850.ucaiug.org/.
IEC 61850 was developed to:
• Specify a design methodology for automation system construction.
• Reduce the effort for users to construct automation systems using devices from
multiple vendors.
• Assure interoperability between components within the automation system.
• “Future-proof” the system by providing simple upgrade paths as the underlying
technologies change.
• Communicate information rather than data that requires further processing. The
functionality of the components is moved away from the clients (requesters)
toward the servers (responders).
IEC 61850 differs from previous standards in that:
• It specifies all aspects of the automation system from system specifications,
through device specifications, and then through the testing regime.
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• The IEC 61850 standard specifies a layered approach to the specification of
devices. The layered approach allows “future-proofing” of basic functionality by
allowing individual “stack” components to be upgraded as technology progresses.
• The individual objects within devices are addressed through a hierarchy of names
rather than numbers.
• Each object has precise, standard terminology across the entire vendor community.
• Devices can provide an online description of their data model.
• A complete (offline) description language defines the way all of the parts of the system are handled, giving a consistent view of all components within the system.
The IEC 61850 standard was developed for electrical substation automation, but has
been applied to Distributed Energy resources, distribution line equipment, hydro-electric power plants, and wind power plants.
E.1.1: Relationship of Clients and Servers in IEC 61850
The understanding of the roles of clients and servers and publishers and subscribers is
key to the use of IEC 61850 devices.
A client is the requester (sink) of information while the server is the responder
(source) of information. Information generally flows on a request-response basis with
the client issuing the request and the server issuing the response. However, the concept of servers is extended to provide autonomous transmissions when “interesting”
events occur within the server. This information flow is always to the client requesting
this “interesting information.” Clients are the devices or services which “talk” to IEC
61850 servers. The function of the client is to configure the server “connection,” set
up any dynamic information in the server, enable the reporting mechanisms, and possibly interrogate specific information from the server. Most clients are relatively passive devices which await information from the server but perform little direct ongoing
interactions with them except for control operations.
Some clients are used for diagnostic purposes. These devices generally perform ongoing direct interrogation of the servers. A specific example is the “desktop client,”
where the engineer remotely diagnoses system problems or retrieves data which is
not normally sent from the server (for example, power quality information).
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IEC 61850 clients are highly interoperable with IEC 61850 servers. Clients are able to
retrieve the server object directory (when needed) and then perform any allowable
operation with that server.
Example clients include: Omicron IED scout, SISCO AX-S4 61850, TMW Hammer,
KalkiTech gateway, Siemens DIGSI
An example of the object model display on a diagnostic client is shown in Figure E.2
Figure E.2 Object Model Display on a Diagnostic Browser
NOTE: There is an additional relationship in IEC 61850, known as publisher and subscriber. The publisher/subscriber relationship differs from the client/server in that
there is no explicit one-to-one relationship between the information producer and
consumer. Publishers issue data without knowledge of which devices will consume the
data, and whether the data has been received. Subscribers use internal means to
access the published data. From the viewpoint of IEC 61850, the publisher/subscriber
mechanism uses the Ethernet multicast mechanism (i.e. multicast MAC addresses at
layer 2). The communication layer of the system is responsible for transmitting this
information to all interested subscribers and the subscribers are responsible for
accepting these multicast packets from the Ethernet layer. The publish/subscribe
mechanism is used for GOOSE and Sampled Value services. Note that GOOSE and
Sampled Value services are not available with the Shark® 200 meter’s IEC 61850
Protocol Ethernet Network card.
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E.1.2: Structure of IEC 61850 Network
As mentioned before, IEC 61850 lets you set up an automated communication structure for devices from any vendor. In order to set up this network, IEC 61850 renames
devices (e.g., meters), measured parameters (e.g., Phase to Phase Voltage), and
functions (e.g., reporting) into a specific language and file structure. This way all of
the elements of the network can function together quickly and effectively. The language that the IEC 61850 network uses is structured, that is it is very specific in how
the system information is entered, and hierarchical, which means that it has different
levels for specific information; for example, meter information is entered on one level,
and the information about the actual physical connection between meters and other
hardware is entered on another level.
The structure of the IEC 61850 network is composed of different kinds of files, each
containing information that the system needs in order to function. IEC 61850 configuration uses text-based (XML) files known as the System Configuration Language
(SCL). SCL files use the concept of an XML schema, which defines the structure and
content of an XML file. The schema used by SCL files describes most (though not all)
of the restrictions required to ensure a consistent description file. An SCL file superficially looks like an HTML file. It consists of 6 parts:
• Prologue: XML declaration, (XML) namespace declarations, etc.
• Header element: Names the system and contains the file version history
• Substation element: defines the physical structure of the system
• Communication element: defines all device-to-device communication aspects
• IED element: defines the data model presented by each communicating device
• DataTypeTemplates element: contains the detailed definition of data models
After it is written, the XML file can be checked by "validators" against the schema
using freely available tools.
The IEC 61850 network uses four types of SCL files, each with identical structure:
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• SSD - System Specification Description: used during the specification stage of a
system to define physical equipment, connections between physical equipment,
and Logical Nodes which will be used by each piece of equipment.
• ICD - IED Capability Description: this is provided by the communication equipment
vendor to specify the features of the equipment and the data model published by
the equipment. Each of the devices in the network has an ICD file which describes
all of the information about the device, for example, IP address on the network and
Com ports. The (vendor supplied) ICD variation of the SCL file contains a Communication section specifying the lower-layer selectors and default addressing and
also an IED section containing the data model of the device. See Section E.4.2 for
information on the Shark® 200 meter’s .icd file.
• SCD - System Configuration Description: a complete description of the configured
automation system including all devices (for example, meters, breakers, and
relays) and all needed inter-device communications (for example, the measured
parameters and the actions to be performed, such as turning on a relay when a
certain reading is obtained). It can also include elements of the SSD file. The SCD
file is created by a System Configurator, which is a software application that takes
the information from the various devices along with other configuration parameters
and generates the SCD file.
• CID - Configured IED Description: the file used to configure an individual device. It
is a pure subset of the SCD file. The device may also have a CID file, which is a
smaller subset of the devices ICD file. The CID file describes the exact settings for
the device in this particular IEC 61850 network. The Shark® 200 meter’s IEC
61850 Protocol Ethernet Network card uses a CID file. See Section E.4.2 for information on uploading the Shark® 200 meter’s .cid file.
Each type of SCL file has different required elements with only the prologue and
Header element required in every file type.
E.1.2.1: Elements of an IEC 61850 Network
• A physical device has a name (IEDname) and consists of one or more AccessPoints.
• An AccessPoint has an IP address and consists of one or more Logical Devices
• A Logical Device contains LLN0 and LPHD1 and optional other Logical Nodes.
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• LLN0 (Logical Node Zero) is a special object which "controls" the Logical Device. It
contains all of the datasets used for unsolicited transmission from the device. It
also contains the report, SV, and GOOSE control blocks (which reference the datasets).
• LPHD1 (Physical Device) represents the hardware "box" and contains nameplate
information.
• Logical Nodes (LNs) are standardized groups of "Data Objects" (DOs). The grouping
is used to assemble complex functions from small groups of objects (think of them
as building blocks). The standard defines specific mandatory and optional DOs for
each LN. The device may instantiate multiple LNs of the same type differentiated by
either a (named) prefix or (numerical) suffix.
• Data Objects represent "real-world" information, possibly grouped by electrical
object. The IEC 61850 standard has specific semantics for each of the DOs. For
example, the DO named "PhV" represents the voltage of a point on a three-phase
power system. The DOs are composed of standardized Common Data Classes
(CDCs) which are groups of low-level attributes of the objects. For example, the DO
named "Hz" represents system frequency and is of CDC named "MV" (Measurement
Value).
• Common Data Classes (CDCs) consists of standardized groups of "attributes" (simple data types). For example, the attribute "instMag" represents the instantaneous
magnitude of the underlying quantity. The standard specifies mandatory and
optional attributes for each CDC. For example, the DO named "Hz" in Logical Node
class MMXU contains a mandatory attribute named "mag" which represents the
deadbanded value of the frequency. The physical device contains a database of
data values which map to the various structures described above. The database
values are manipulated by the device to perform actions such as deadbanding
(holding a constant value until the underlying value changes by more than a specified amount) or triggering of reports.
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E.1.3: Steps in Configuring an IEC 61850 Network
1. The first thing needed is the SSD for physical connections, then the vendor-provided ICD files which are combined into a SCD file by a vendor-independent System
Configurator. The System Configurator assigns addresses to the equipment and
sets up datasets, reports, etc. for inter-device communication. The system configurator will create an "instance" of the configured device by applying the following
information:
• The name of the device
• The IP address, subnet mask, and IP gateway of the device
• Datasets: the user must decide which information within the IED will be included
in reports, etc. and place this information into datasets. The System Configurator should allow the selection of information using a "pick list" from information
within the ICD file.
2. The resulting SCD file is then imported by vendor-specific tools into the various
devices.
Some vendors add the additional step of filtering the SCD file into a smaller file
containing only information needed by the specific device, resulting in a CID file
which is used to configure the device. The actual configuration of the device is left
unspecified by IEC 61850 except to require that the SCD file remains the source of
the configuration information. In this way, consistency of the information across the
whole system is maintained.
See Figure E.2 for a graphical illustration of the process.
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(Class)
TEMPLATE
IED1
IED2
IED2
.icd
.cid
preconfigure
.scd
1
IED configurator
(Optional)
Unique file
instantiate
configure device
2
System
configurator
IED configurator
Figure E.2: Configuration Process
Referring to Figure E.2:
In step 1, the IED template is provided by the vendor (or sometimes created by a
vendor tool). This file is imported into the vendor-independent tool, the System Configurator, along with other device templates. The System Configurator uses these
templates to set up the correct number of IEDs in the system and then provides configuration information. The configuration information consists of providing addresses
for all IEDs in the system, creation of datasets, configuring control blocks, and setting
individual device parameters such as analog deadbands. The System Configurator
then creates a SCD file with a consistent view of the entire system.
In step 2, the SCD file is used to configure each device using vendor-supplied tools.
Vendors are free to choose the configuration mechanism, but the configuration information MUST be derived from the SCD file.
NOTE: In the Shark® 200 meter’s IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet network card
implementation, every service and object within the server is defined in the standard
(there is nothing non-standard in the device).
Also in step 2, the user sets up report control blocks, buffered and unbuffered, for
each of the clients. Setup information includes the dataset name, a report identifier,
the optional fields to be used in the report, the trigger options, buffer time (delay
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from first event to report issuance), and integrity time (server periodic reports of all
data in dataset). The decision whether to use buffered or unbuffered must be decided
by the user.
Finally, in step 2 the System Configurator performs a consistency check and then outputs the SCD file. The SCD file is imported by the "ScdToCid" tool where the user
specifies the device name.
The resulting CID file is then imported into the target device.
E.1.4: Electro Industries’ Implementation of the IEC 61850 Server
Following are features of EIG’s IEC 61850 implementation:
• The lower-level addressing uses PSEL=00000001, SSEL=0001, and TSEL=0001.
• At the server level, each implements a single Logical Device name formed by concatenating the IED name (chosen by the System Configurator) and "Meas" (ex,
"MyDeviceMeas").
• The Logical Nodes implemented within the Logical Device include the standard LLN0
and LPHD1 with optional standard logical nodes in the "M" class (ex, "MMXU") and
"T" class (ex, "TVTR"). Each Logical Node contains only standardized objects of
standardized types (Common Data Class, CDC). The device is based upon the first
edition of the IEC 61850 standards.
Examples of Logical Nodes within the Shark® 200 family include eneMMTR1
(energy metering) and nsMMXU1 (normal speed Measurement Unit).
• The Shark® 200 device will get its IED name from the first <IED> section in the
configuration file (.cid). This name will be used for accessing its access point (IP
address) and its single Logical Device named "Meas". The IED name can be composed of any string of up to 32 (alphanumeric only) characters.
• The logical nodes implemented in the Shark® 200 meter are listed below:
• The node "LLN0" keeps common information for the entire logical device. In this
node Datasets and Reports can be defined, based on the limitations provided in
the ICD file: the Shark® 200 meter supports up to 8 datasets with up to 256
attributes, and up to 16 report control blocks. The report control blocks and
datasets must be configured in the CID file, although the options, triggers and
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integrity period can be dynamically configured by IEC client. (The Shark® 200
meter does not support Goose nor Journals.)
• The node LPHD1 defines physical parameters such as vendor, serial number,
device name plate and the software revision number.
• The node "nsMMXU1" contains the "normal-speed" basic electrical measurements
such as Volts / Amps / Watts / VARs / Frequency / Power Factor / etc. The electrical measurements are data objects in hierarchical structure as per the IEC
61850 specifications.
For example, Phase A voltage:
• which is in the object "PhV"
• which is of type "WYE_ABC_mag_noDC"
• which in turn has the object "phsA"
• which again has an attribute named "instVal" to represent instantaneous
values, and also the "mag" attribute, which represents the magnitude as
an analog magnitude, with the attribute "f" to get the value in 32-bit
floating point.
Thus the voltage of phase A, would be referred in this nested structure as
"Meas/nsMMXU1.PhV.phsA.instVal.mag.f".
• The node "nsMHAI1" groups together the THD per phase measurements taken at
normal speed.
Following the previous example, the THD for phase A would be referred as
"Meas/nsMHAI1.ThdPhV.phsA.instCVal.mag.f".
• The node "eneMMTR1" groups together all measurements related to energy
counters, like +/- Watt;hours, +/- VAr-hours and Total VA-hours.
• The nodes "setTCTR1", "setTCTR2", "setTCTR3" and "setTCTR4" contain the ratio
of the current used by the measuring device, for phases A,B,C and Neutral,
respectively. In this way, the user can take the IEC measurements (primary)
and convert them to Secondary using the ratios contained in these nodes.
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• The nodes "setTVTR1", "setTVTR2" and "setTVTR3" contain the ratio of the
voltage used by the measuring device.
• Any of the defined objects/ attributes can be placed within a dataset.
• The normal-speed in the Shark® 200 meter is measurements taken every second.
The energy counters are also updated every second.
The configuration of the devices takes place by converting the SCD file exported by
the System Configuration tool into a CID file. This CID file contains all of the information from the SCD file which is needed for configuration by the EIG device. The tool is
named "SCDtoCIDConverter" and is a simple, publicly available program. The resulting CID file is then sent to the EIG device using HTTP file transfer.
E.1.4.1: Shark® 200 Server Configuration
The configuration file (CID) should be stored in the Shark® 200 meter in order to
configure the server. At power up the server reads the file, parses it and configures all
the internal settings for proper functionality.
Storing the CID file in the Shark® 200 meter is accomplished through its webpage.
The webpage allows the user to locate the CID file, and submit it to the Shark® 200
meter for storage.
The Shark® 200 meter does not need to be reset in order to accept the new configuration, unless the IP address has been changed.
After storing the CID file, access the Shark® 200 meter’s webpage again, to make
sure that the file has been stored, and to see if there is any problem with it, by checking its status.
• A common problem you may see is IP mismatch (the IP address in the CID file
does not match the IP configured in the Shark® 200 meter’s device profile). In this
case the Shark® 200 meter will use the IP address from its device profile, and the
IEC Server will work only with that address.
• If there is a critical error in the stored CID file, which prevents the IEC Server from
running, the CID file will not be used, and instead the Default CID file (embedded in
the server) will be used. The webpage will alert you to this situation.
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• If further details are needed, for example, information on the reason the CID storage failed, the web server provides a link to the system log. In the system log
screen you can view messages from the IEC 61850 parser, and you can take
actions to correct the error.
See Section E.2 for instructions on configuring the Shark® 200 meter’s IEC 61850
Protocol Ethernet Network card.
E.1.5: Reference Materials
Following is a list of background information on IEC 61850 that is available on the
Internet:
• http://www.sisconet.com/downloads/IEC61850_Overview_and_Benefits_Paper_General.pdf
• http://www.sisconet.com/downloads/CIGRE%202004%20Presentations.zip
(IEC618650 Presentation IEC 61850 û Data Model and Services.pdf)
• http://www.ucaiug.org/Meetings/Austin2011/Shared%20Documents/IEC_61850Tutorial.pdf (pages 24-32 and 40-161)
• http://brodersensystems.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/DTU-Master-ThesisRTU32.pdf (pages 9-36)
Additionally, there is a good article on the predecessor to IEC 61850 (UCA 2.0) at
http://www.elp.com/index/display/article-display/66170/articles/utility-automationengineering-td/volume-5/issue-2/features/uca-20-for-dummies.html.
Another good article on multi-vendor IED integration can be found at http://
www.gedigitalenergy.com/smartgrid/Aug07/EIC61850.pdf.
E.1.6: Free Tools for IEC 61850 Start-up
The Internet also provides some free IEC 61850 configuration tools:
• Schema validation tools: http://notepad-plus-plus.org/
go to plug-in manager and install XML tools (however, there is no (legal) public
copies of the schema available). However, a web search file the filename SCL_Basetypes.xsd turns up many copies and the entire set of XSD file is often nearby.
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• http://opensclconfig.git.sourceforge.net/
Apparent open-source project, not tested
• http://www.sisconet.com/downloads/SCDtoCIDConverter0-9.exe
filters SCD file to a CID file
• http://www.sisconet.com/downloads/skunkworks2-8.exe Ethernet analyzer
E.1.7: Commercial Tools for IEC 61850 Implementation
Following is a list of tools for IEC 61850 configuration which you can purchase:
• http://www.sisconet.com/ax-s4_61850.htm
Client for IEC 61850
• http://products.trianglemicroworks.com/documents/
TMW%2061850%20Test%20Suite%20Combined.pdf
Clients and servers for IEC 61850
• http://www.omicron.at/en/products/pro/communication-protocols/iedscout/
test client
• http://kalkitech.com/products/sync-6000-series-scl-manager--iec61850-substation-design-tool
SCL editing tool
E.2: Using the Shark® 200 Meter’s IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet
Network Card
This section contains instructions for understanding and configuring the Shark® 200
meter’s IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network Option card.
E.2.1: Overview
The IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network card is a Shark® 200 standard I/O board.
The IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network card has the following features:
• Standard Ethernet 10/100 Mbps connector is used to link the unit into an Ethernet
network.
• Standard operation port 102, which can be reconfigured to any valid TCP/IP port.
• Up to 5 simultaneous connections can be established with the unit.
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• Configurable via the .CID file (XML formatted)
• Embedded Capabilities File (.ICD downloadable from the unit)
• Supports MMS protocol.
• Supports the following Logical Nodes:
• LLN0 (with predefined Sets and Reports)
• LPHD (Identifiers)
• MMXU with
• Phase-to-N Voltages
• Phase-to-Phase Voltages
• Phase Currents
• Per Phase VA
• Total VA
• Per Phase Var
• Total Var
• Per Phase W
• Total W
• Per Phase PF
• Total PF
• Frequency
• MHAI with Per Phase THD
• MMTR with
• Demand Wh
• Supplied Wh
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• Demand Varh
• SuppliedVArh
• Total VAh
• Supports polled (Queried Requests) operation mode.
• Supports Buffered Reports
• Supports Unbuffered Reports
E.2.2: Installing the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network Card
The IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network card can be installed in either I/O card slot
#1 or slot#2. Make sure the Shark® 200 unit is powered down when installing the
IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network card. Follow the procedure in Chapter 7.
Connect the network card to a Hub/Switch with a Cat5 Ethernet cable. Both ends
must be firmly placed in the RJ45 receptacles.
Turn on the Shark® 200 unit. After about 10 seconds, the Link LED near the RJ45
Ethernet connector on the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network card will light, which
means a link has been established to your network, and the Shark® 200 meter has
correctly identified the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network card. (The first time you
connect, it may take up to one minute for the link to be established.)
E.2.3: Configuring the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network Card
You need to configure the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network card for communication, both from the standpoint of the device (the Device Profile) and of the network
(the SCL configuration file, which is a .cid file uploaded to the meter.)
E.2.3.1: Configuring the Device Profile IEC 61850 Protocol
Ethernet Network Card Settings
You use the Communicator EXT™ application to set the card’s network parameters.
Basic instructions are given here, but you can refer to the Communicator EXT™ software User Manual for additional information. You can view the manual online by clicking Help>Contents from the Communicator EXT™ software main screen.
You will need the following information:
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• The IP address to be assigned to the card
• The Network Mask used on your network
• The IP address of the Gateway on your network (you can use 0.0.0.0 if you don’t
have a gateway IP address)
• The IP address of the DNS (Domain Name Server) on your network (only needed if
you plan to use URLs instead of IP addresses for the NTP (Network Time Protocol);
if not needed you can leave this field blank)
• The IP address of the NTP server on your network, or the URL if you configured the
DNS in the previous entry field
1. Using Communicator EXT™ software, connect to the meter through its RS485 serial
port, or through an INP100S Network Card if one is installed in the other Option
card slot (see Chapter 5 for instructions on connecting to your meter with Communicator EXT™ software).
2. Click the Profile icon to open the meter’s Device Profile screen The profile is
retrieved from the Shark® 200 meter.
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3. From the Tree menu on the left side of the screen, click on the + sign next to the
IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network Option card (Option Card 1 or Option Card
2), then click Comm>Network>IP Addresses and DNS.
4. Fill in the information on this screen.
• Computer Name: the name of the device on the network (accessed through the
Network card)
• IP Address: the IP v4 address for the unit on the network.
• Subnet Mask: the IP v4 mask, which identifies the sub-network to which the unit
belongs.
• Default Gateway: the IP v4 address of the gateway device on the network.
• Domain Name Server 1 and 2: if DNS is used, the IP addresses of the DNS
server(s) on the network.
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• Network Time Protocol (NTP) server: the url of the NTP server, if one is being
used for time synchronization.
NOTES:
• The IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network card needs time information to
work properly. The time can be provided either by a Network Time Protocol (NTP) server or by the Shark 200® meter itself (via Line Sync, which
is selected and enabled through the Time Settings screen). If you enter
an NTP server on this screen, you still need to enable it in the Time Settings screen (see the instructions in Chapter 5). See Section 8.4.3 for
additional information on NTP.
• All of these parameters must be properly set up in order to allow the
Shark® 200 meter to communicate on the network. After configuration, a
simple “ping” test can be performed to see if the Shark® 200 meter is
correctly connected to the network:
a. From the Start menu, type run and press Enter.
b. In the Run window, type cmd and click OK.
c. In the command window type ping Network Card’s IP address.
See the example screen below.
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E: Using the IEC61850 Network Card
4. From the Tree menu, click Services and Security.
5. Check the Enable Web server box, and set the Web server port to 80 (this is the
default).
6. Click Update Device to send the settings to the Shark® 200 meter. The meter will
reboot. The IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network card is now configured properly
to work on an IEC 61850 network.
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E: Using the IEC61850 Network Card
E.2.3.2: Configuring the Meter on the IEC 61850 Network
The System Integrator must configure the Shark® 200 meter within the substation
IEC 61850 network. To do this, the System Integrator needs the Shark® 200 capabilities file (.icd) (as well as information about the rest of the devices in the network).
This .icd file, as mentioned earlier, is the SCL file that contains the IEC 61850 nodes,
objects, and parameters implemented in the Shark® 200 meter, including the Network IP address.
This .icd file will be processed with the rest of the system (clients, other meters,
switches, breakers, etc., in the network) and the resulting file, which will be uploaded
to the meter to configure it, is the Configured IED Description file (.cid file).
The IP address for the Shark® 200 meter is contained in the Communication section
of this .cid file. See the example Communication section, below.
NOTE: If the CID file to be uploaded has more than one IED definition block, the
Shark® 200 meter will take the first one in the file.
<Communication>
<SubNetwork name="Subnet_MMS" type="8-MMS">
<BitRate unit="b/s" multiplier="M">10</BitRate>
<ConnectedAP iedName="SHARK200IEC" apName="S1">
<Address>
<P type="OSI-PSEL" xsi:type="tP_OSI-PSEL">00000001</P>
<P type="OSI-SSEL" xsi:type="tP_OSI-SSEL">0001</P>
<P type="OSI-TSEL" xsi:type="tP_OSI-TSEL">0001</P>
<P type="IP" xsi:type="tP_IP">172.20.167.199</P>
</Address>
</ConnectedAP>
</SubNetwork>
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</Communication>
The node <P type="IP" xsi:type="tP_IP"> (bolded in the example above) defines the
meter’s IP address. This IP address must be the same as the IP address configured in
the meter’s Device Profile (see step 4 in Section E.4.1) for each IEC 61850 Protocol
Ethernet Network card in the meter.
Also, make sure that the iedName field in the ConnectedAp section (underlined in the
example) is the same as the name field defined in the IED section.
This is how the unit is assigned its name and IP address.
1. The Shark® 200 meter’s .icd file can be downloaded directly from the Shark® 200
unit. To do this, use a web browser and key:
http://aa.bb.cc.dd/
, where aa.bb.cc.dd is the IP address assigned to the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet
Network card (see Section E.4.1).
Firmware
Runtime
Version
The Meter Information webpage is displayed.
NOTE: The firmware runtime version which is displayed in the Run Ver field of this
webpage determines the default password for Network card upgrading, uploading
the .cid file, and resetting the Network card.
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2. From the left side of the screen, click Upload Cid File.
3. The Information area contains instructions for downloading an xml version of the
".icd" file. Right-click the "Here (right click to "Save As")" link, and save a copy of
the .icd file on your computer. An example of a downloaded .icd file is shown below.
"[POYHUVLRQ HQFRGLQJ 87)"!
6&/[POQV KWWSZZZLHFFK6&/[POQV[VL KWWSZZZZRUJ
;0/6FKHPDLQVWDQFH[VLVFKHPD/RFDWLRQ KWWSZZZLHFFK6&/6&/[VG
[POQVH[W KWWSQDULUHOD\VFRP!
+HDGHULG 6KDUN,&'QDPH6WUXFWXUH ,('1DPHYHUVLRQ UHYLVLRQ !
+LVWRU\!
+LWHPYHUVLRQ UHYLVLRQ ZKHQ 0D\ZKR %$0ZKDW LQLWLDOGUDIW
ZK\ LQLWLDO,&'!
+LWHP!
+LVWRU\!
+HDGHU!
&RPPXQLFDWLRQ!
6XE1HWZRUNQDPH 6XEQHWB006W\SH 006!
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E: Using the IEC61850 Network Card
%LW5DWHXQLW EVPXOWLSOLHU 0!%LW5DWH!
&RQQHFWHG$3LHG1DPH 6+$5.,(&DS1DPH 6!
$GGUHVV!
3W\SH 26,36(/[VLW\SH W3B26,36(/!3!
3W\SH 26,66(/[VLW\SH W3B26,66(/!3!
3W\SH 26,76(/[VLW\SH W3B26,76(/!3!
3W\SH ,3[VLW\SH W3B,3!3!
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PDQXIDFWXUHU (OHFWUR,QGXVWULHVFRQILJ9HUVLRQ !
6HUYLFHV!
'\Q$VVRFLDWLRQ!
4. Once the System Integrator has processed the Shark® 200 meter's .icd file and
the information of the other devices on the network (using either automated tools
or manually), the final result is a configuration file with the extension ".cid". This
file must now be uploaded to the Shark® 200 meter's IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet
network card.
5. To upload the .cid file, go to the IEC 61850 File Configuration screen shown in step
2.
6. Click the Browse button to locate the .cid file you want to upload.
7. Fill in the upload password: the default is n3tUp!0Ad for firmware runtime version
3.35 and later; and eignet2009 for earlier firmware runtime versions. See the note
on page E-21.
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E: Using the IEC61850 Network Card
8. Click Submit. The upload process begins. When the upload is finished a report is
shown on the screen.
IMPORTANT NOTES!
• The IP address configured into the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network card with
the Communicator EXT™ software must be the same as the IP address configured
in the .cid file. This is necessary to insure proper communication. If there is a communication problem it will be reported on the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network
card’s Meter Information screen, shown in step 1 on page E-21.
• The maximum size of the .cid file is 250KB. Avoid putting too many comments or
unnecessary historical information into the file. If the file is bigger than 250KB it
will be rejected by the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network card.
• The sAddr fields in each object of the .icd file must be preserved when generating
the .cid file. Do not change these, because they are used internally by the IEC
61850 server.
• If the ,cid file has more than one IED definition block, the first one in the file will be
used by the network.
• Do not use non-ASCII characters in your .cid file (such as punctuation marks). NonASCII characters can cause the parsing of the .cid file to fail.
• You do not need to reboot the Network Card or the Shark® 200 meter when the
.cid file is uploaded, unless the IP address has changed.
• If the uploaded .cid file has non-critical errors, the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet
Network card will use the file anyway and will start up. Any errors can be seen in
the Start Up log (see instructions below).
• If the uploaded .cid file has critical errors, the IEC 61850 will use the default .cid
file (not the uploaded file) and it will start up. The errors can be seen in the Start
Up log (instructions follow).
• The default .cid in the INP300S card is for demonstration only. It must be modified
to suit the actual application needs.
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E: Using the IEC61850 Network Card
• The default .cid in the INP300S has the arbitrary IED name of SHARK200IEC, which
must be replaced by the user's own name.
E.3: Viewing the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network Card’s
System Log
The IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network card’s main webpage (Meter Information
webpage) has general information on the status of the card (e.g., version, healthy,
serial number) and the status of the IEC 61850 server (e.g., ok, errors in the
uploaded .cid file).
In addition to this information there is a System log, which contains events (e.g.,
errors and warnings) from the IEC 61850 protocol layer, including problems found
when parsing the .cid file. To view the System log’s webpage, click System Log from
the left side of the Meter Information webpage.
You will see a screen similar to the one shown above. Oldest messages appear first on
the screen. The buttons at the bottom of the screen let you navigate through the
message pages (Start, Back, Next, Last) or remove all of the messages (Clear).
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E: Using the IEC61850 Network Card
E.4: Upgrading the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network Card’s
Firmware
To upgrade the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network card’s firmware, click Upgrade
Firmware from the left side of the webpage.
You will see a screen similar to the to the one shown above.
1. Click the Browse button to locate the Upgrade file. Make sure that you select the
INP300S option card upgrade file. If you upgrade with the INP100S upgrade file,
the card will work, but most IEC 61850 features will be disabled. In that case,
perform the upgrade again, using the correct INP300S upgrade file.
2. Enter the Safety Code.
3. Enter the Upgrade Password: the default is n3tUp!0Ad for firmware runtime version
3.35 and later; and eignet2009 for earlier firmware runtime versions. See the note
on page A-21.
4. Click Submit. Be sure to keep the meter powered during the firmware upgrade.
After the upgrade process is complete, the Network card will reset.
NOTE: As a result of the reset, the communication link with the card will be lost
and must be re-established.
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E: Using the IEC61850 Network Card
E.5: Resetting the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network Card
If you need to reset the IEC 61850 Protocol Ethernet Network card, you can either do
a hardware reset (see Section 8.4) or use the Reset Network Card webpage.
1. Click Reset Network Card from the left side of the webpage.
2. You will see a screen similar to the one shown above. Enter the Reset Password:
the default is adminR35et for firmware runtime version 3.35 or later; and
r2d2andc3po for earlier firmware runtime versions. See the note on page A-21.
3. Click the Reset button. The Network card will reset.
NOTE: As a result of the reset, the communication link with the card will be lost
and must be re-established.
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E: Using the IEC61850 Network Card
E.6: Keep-Alive Feature
The INP300S card supports user configurable Keep-Alive timing settings. The KeepAlive feature is used by the TCP/IP layer for detecting broken connections. Once
detected, the connection is closed in the Network card, and the server port is freed.
This prevents the card from running out of server connections due to invalid links. See
Section 8.4.5 (beginning on page 8-9) for instructions on configuring this feature.
E.7: Testing
You can use any IEC 61850 certified tool to connect to the Shark® 200 meter and test
out the IEC 61850 protocol (see example screen below). There are numerous
commercial tools available for purchase.
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E: Using the IEC61850 Network Card
E.8: Error Codes
The following table lists possible Error codes you will see if there is a problem uploading a .CID file, along with the meaning of the code and the action required to correct
the error.
Code
Name
Description
Required Action
20561
BADPASS
The Upload password is incorrect.
Use the correct
password: check
product documentation for the correct
password.
21325
TOOSMALL
The uploaded file is
too small: it does
not contain the minimum necessary
description.
Check to ensure the
file is not trimmed.
Sometimes an illegal character (nonASCII) makes the
file look smaller.
Verify that the
entire file can be
read.
16969
TOOBIG
The uploaded file is
too big: it does not
fit in the reserved
area for the CID file.
Check to ensure the
file is correct. Try to
delete large comment sections or
historical sections.
Sometimes secondary IED descriptions are in the
same file - delete
those from the file,
and leave just the
ones necessary to
configure the
INP300.
18766
INVALID
The .CID file is not a
valid xml file, or it is
not UTF-8 encoded.
The .CID file is a
text file that needs
to begin with
"<?xml". Check to
ensure that the codification of the text
file is UTF-8; Multibyte codification will
also cause this
error.
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E: Using the IEC61850 Network Card
Code
17985
Name
FAILED
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Description
Required Action
The upload failed.
This can be because
of network linkage
problems or failed
integrity in storage.
Try to upload the
file again: DO NOT
click the back button on the browser
if the update is not
completed. Assure
that the network
link is stable. If the
problem persists,
contact EIG’s technical support.
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