VX-Mega128 ATmega128 Microcontroller board

VX-Mega128 ATmega128 Microcontroller board
VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation 1
VX-Mega128
ATmega128 Microcontroller board
1. Features
Support the ATmega128 with Flash memory of 128KB. Clock rate 14.7456MHz
34 I/O port of microcontroller are using INEX’s standard PCB-3 pin connector.
LCD16x2 module
4 of Button switches
Binary Switch
USB port with FT232RL USB to Serial converter circuit.
ATmega128 pre-programmed Boot loader, programmable via USB port.
8-ch. Analog input with 10-bit Analog to Digital Converter
32KB RAM / 32KB EEPROM memory module plug on top
Support In-system Programming via ISP connector with PX-400 Programmer
Supply voltage +9V from external. +5V 500mA on-board regulator.
Includes : ATmega128 Microcontroller board, Plugable Memory module, USB cable, CDROM and Documentation.
PB0
(SS)
PB1
(SCK)
PB2
PB3
(MOSI) (MISO)
PB4
(OC0)
K3
ISP : In-System
Programming
PORT
+5V
+5V
R7
10k
S1
RESET
PE1 (TXD0/PDO) 3
PE0 (RXD0/PDI) 2
1
PEN
PB4 (OC0) 14
PA7 (AD7)
PA6 (AD6)
46
PA5 (AD5)
47
PA4 (AD4)
48
PA3 (AD3)
49
PA2 (AD2)
50
PA1 (AD1)
51
PA0 (AD0)
AD6
AD7
AD4
AD5
AD2
AD3
AD0
AD1
R/W
EN
Vcc
Vee
RS
GND
VX-Mega128
AVR Microcontroller
Part 1 : Main section
+5V
+5V
AD2
AD0
AD3
AD1
AD6
AD4
AD7
AD5
A15
ALE
A14
RST
A11
A13
A10
A12
RD
A9
WR
A8
GND
SCL
GND
SDA
+5V
LCD Module
16 Char. x 2 Lines
ADC0
ADC2
ADC1
ADC3
ADC4
ADC5
ADC7
K4
ATmega128
EXPANSION BUS
PF2
(ADC2)
PF3
(ADC3)
GND
PF4
(ADC4)
K2
ADC port
PF5
(ADC5)
PF6
(ADC6)
PF7
(ADC7)
+5V
R5
47
C1
0.1µF
16V
4
3
Vcc-IO Vcc
20
4
17
21
26
25
7
18
POWEREN
3V3 OUT
GND
TEST
AGND
GND
14
12
TXLED
11
RXLED
16
D15
D+
IC1
FT232RL
R3
1k
LED2
USB
LED1
DATA
R1
27
1
2
3
4
R2
27
GND
to I/O section
R4
1k
Vcc RST
1
TxD
5
RxD
C2
0.1µF
16V
DSP1
+5V
JP2
AREF AREF
+5V
JP1
AVcc AVcc
64
AD0
AD2
AD1
AD3
45
AD5
AD4
44
AD7
AD6
PG2 (ALE)
43
ALE
(A9)
(A8)
PD6 (T1)
PD7 (T2)
WR
RD
C9
0.1µF
16V
RST
VR1
10k
LCD
CONTRAST
PB0 (SS) 10
PB1 (SCK) 11
PB2 (MOSI) 12
PB3 (MISO) 13
PE4 (OC3B/INT4) 6
PE5 (OC3C/INT5) 7
15
PB5 (OC1A)
PB6 (OC1B) 16
PB7 (OC2/OC1C) 17
PE3 (OC3A/AIN1) 5
(RxD1/INT2)
(TxD1/INT3)
(ICP1)
(XCK)
33
+5V
PD2
PD3
PD4
PD5
PF1
(ADC1)
+5V
C4
0.1µF
16V
61
PF0 (ADC0)
60
PF1 (ADC1)
59
PF2 (ADC2)
58
PF3 (ADC3)
57
PF4 (ADC4/TCK)
56
PF5 (ADC5/TMS)
55
PF6 (ADC6/TDO)
54
PF7 (ADC7/TDI)
IC2
ATMEGA128-16
RST
PD0 (SCL/INT0)
PD1 (SDA/INT1)
(A11)
(A10)
29
30
31
32
PD4
(ICP1)
X2
A9
A8
20
25
26
27
28
PD3
(TXD1/INT3)
PF0
(ADC0)
ADC6
GND
A11
A10
XTAL1
C8
22pF 14.7456MHz
PD2
(RXD1/INT2)
+5V
62
X1
(A13)
(A12)
24
+5V
GND
C3
0.1µF
16V
(A15)
(A14)
23
AREF
RTCX2
PC7
41
PC6
40
PC5
39
PC4
38
PC3
37
PC2
36
PC1
35
PC0
PD1
(SDA/INT1)
19
42
C7
22pF
A13
A12
R9
2.2k
GND
GND
R6
10k
(Optional)
AVcc
A15
A14
R8
2.2k
PD0
(SCL/INT0)
Vcc
GND
RST
SCK
MISO
RTCX1
PG0 (WR)
PG1 (RD)
18
XTAL2
32.768kHz
Vcc
22
GND
53
GND
63
GND
34
+5V
Vcc
C6
0.1µF
16V
C5
0.1µF
16V
21
52
+5V
MOSI
K1
USB
2 VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation
Figure 1 Microcontroller scetiob schematiuc diagram of VX-Mega128 board
PB5
PB6
PB7
PE3
PE4
PE5
(PWM5) (PWM4) (PWM3) (PWM2) (PWM1) (PWM0)
VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation 3
2. Circuit and Memory map
The VX-Mega128 microcontroller board schematic diagram is splited to 3 sections.
The microcontroller section schematic diagram is shown in figure 1. Input/Output port
and external device interface schematic diagram is shown in figure 2 and figure 3 shows
the circuit of Memory extension module.
+5V
C10
0.1µF
50V
16
to MAIN section
WR
1
A10
2
A11
3
+5V
+5V
RD
WR
D.IN0
14
4
6
5 IC4/1
A12
D.IN1
9
A13 10 IC4/2
8
A14 12
A15 13 IC4/3
11
7
6
5
4
A0
Y0
A1
Y1
A2
Y2
Y3
Y4
CS1
Y5
CS3
Y6
Y7
CS2
8
15
0xF000 WR
14
0xF000 RD
13
0xF400 WR
12
11
0xF400 RD
10
9
7
+5V
0xF800 WR - PORT D.OUT
0xF800 RD - PORT D.IN
0xFC00 WR
D.OUT0
0xFC00 RD - SWITCH
IC3
74AC138
D.OUT1
IC4
74AC00
D.OUT2
D.IN2
3
D.IN3
+5V
R10
10k*8
D.IN4
20
2
3
D.IN5
4
D.IN7
IC4
74AC541
5
C0
C1
10
GND
AD0
AD1
AD0
AD1
2
AD2
AD3
AD2
AD3
4
AD4
AD5
AD4
AD5
AD6
AD7
AD6
AD7
3
D0
D1
D2
5
D3
6
D4
7
D5
8
D6
9
D7
11
1
OE1
19
OE2
LE
2
10
GND
1
OE
10
GND
R12
R13
D.OUT5
R14
R15
R16
D.OUT6
R17
R18
R19
D.OUT7
R12-R19
150 x 8
C13
0.1µF
50V
18
D0
17
D1
16
D2
15
D3
14
D4
13
D5
12
D6
11
D7
1
OE1
19
OE2
AD0
AD1
AD2
AD3
AD4
AD5
AD6
AD7
J1
DC.input
6-12V
IC7
78R05
BD1
1A50V
S3
ON
IN
SHDN
OUT
C14
220µF
25V
GND
I0
3
I1
4
I2
5
I3
6
I4
7
I5
8
I6
9
I7
19
Q0
18
Q1
17
Q2
16
Q3
15
Q4
14
Q5
13
Q6
12
Q7
D.OUT4
IC5
74AC573
20
1
D0
4
D1
3
D2
6
D3
D.OUT3
C12
0.1µF
50V
20
+5V
R20
10k*8
S2
BINARY
SWITCH
2
18
D0
17
D1
16
D2
15
D3
14
D4
13
D5
12
D6
11
D7
I0
I1
I2
5
I3
6
I4
7
I5
8
I6
9
I7
D.IN6
R11
10k*8
C11
0.1µF
50V
1
IC4/4 2
+5V
C15
1000µF
6.3V
C16
220µF
25V
+5V
R21
510
LED3
POWER
IC6
74AC541
SW1
SW2
SW3
SW4
VX-Mega128
AVR Microcontroller
Part 2 : I/O section
and power supply
Figure 2 I/O port and external device interface schematic diagram of VXMega128 microcontroller board
4 VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation
+5V
C17
0.1µF
50V
1
2
8
Vcc
A0
SDA
+5V
+5V
5
A1
6
SCL
3
A2
7
WP
4
GND
IC8
24C256
(32K x 8bit)
GND
SCL
GND
SDA
WR
A8
RD
A9
AD0
2
AD1
3
A10
A12
A11
A13
A14
RST
A15
ALE
AD2
AD3
AD4
D7
D5
D6
D4
D3
D1
D2
D0
+5V
+5V
K4
ATmega128
EXPANSION BUS
C18
0.1µF
50V
20
AD5
AD6
AD7
ALE
+5V
A0
A0
10
18
A1
9
17
16
15
A2
A3
A4
14
13
Q6
12
Q7
A5
A6
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
Q0
D1
4
D2
5
D3
6
D4
7
D5
8
D6
9
D7
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q5
11
LE
24
19
D0
A7
IC9
74AHC573
OE
1 10
C19
0.1µF
50V
A6
A7
A8
A9
A10
A11
A12
A13
A14
WR
RD
A15
11
D0
12
D1
13
D2
15
D3
16
D4
17
D5
18
D6
19
D7
A0
A1
8
A2
7
A3
6
A4
5
A5
4
A6
3
A7
25
A8
24
A9
21
A10
23
A11
2
A12
26
A13
1
A14
AD0
AD1
AD2
AD3
AD4
AD5
AD6
AD7
IC10
SRAM
62256
(32K x 8bit)
27
WR
22
OE
20
CE
12
Figure 3 Data memory extension module schematic diagram
ATmega128 operates with clock frequency 14.7546MHz from external crystal
circuit. The crystal 32.768kHz is connectede to ATmega128 for setting the clock frequency
to support internal Real-time counter. Supply voltage +5V comes from external DC adaptor
+9V (+16V maximum) via +5V regulator circuit with 78R05 ICs.
VX-Mega128 supports both in Single chip microcontroller mode and
Microprocessor mode. ATmega128 interfaces with all external device via address
assignment. In figure 4 shows the memory and I/O map of VX-Mega128 board.
External device that connected with ATmega128 are assigned in address F000H
to FFFFH included :
(1) LCD module 16x2 : connect 8-bit data bus with AD0 to AD7 of ATmega128.
It causes reading and writing via data bus instead direct interface.
(2) 4 of Input Switches (SW1 to SW4) : address at upper nibble of FC00H.
Signal is buffered via 74AC541 IC.
(3) 4-bit binary Switch : trhis switch gives 4 binary bits. It means 16 different
data 0000 to 1111 in binary base or 0 to 15 in decimal and 0 to F in HEX. Data from Binary
switch are tranfered to data bus ; AD0 to AD3 via 74AC541 buffer IC and assigned at
lowewr nibble of FC00H.
VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation 5
FFFFH
F000H
EFFFH
I/O address
Not used
FFFFH
Not used
FC00H
FBFFH
Digital port
data Output
0000H
FC00H
FBFFH
Digital port
data Input
F800H
F7FFH
8000H
7FFFH
1000H
0FFFH
FFFFH
Switch
Input
28KB from 62256
external RAM
Not used
Internal 4KB of
ATmega128
Not used
ATmega128
R/W = "0"
Write mode
F800H
F7FFH
Not used
F400H
F3FFH
F400H
F3FFH
Not used
F000H
F000H
R/W = "1"
Read mode
Figure 4 Memory and Input Output port organization of VX-Mega128
micrcocontroller board
Also the digital input and output port of VX-Mega128 board are assigned via
address map system as follows :
Digital input port D.IN0 to D.IN7 are assigned at F800H address.
Digital output port D.OUT0 to D.OUT7 are assigned at F800H address too.
but active with WR signal insterad.
All interface port include Analog to Dital converter module input are connect to
INEX 3-pin PCB connector. User can connect with INEX many sensors and modules.
VX-Mega128 board supports 8-channel of Analog to digital converter. User can
select supply voltage and reference for ADC module with 2 jumpers JP1 and JP2. If fit
all, selects ADC module to use supply and reference voltage at +5V. If remove all, user
can apply the voltage at these points. The limitation is reference voltage must lower or
equal the supply voltage of ADC module. Normally, fit both jumpers on the board.
Computer interface of VX-Mega128 board via USB. The heart of this function is
FT232RL the USB to Serial converter chip. Thus, interface signal is serial and connect to
UART1 module in ATmega128. The programming shall be easier and supports all modern
computer includes labtop which not serial port available.
Addition user can program microcontroller’s flah memory via USB interface.
Because ATmega128 microcontroller will be pre-programmed the bootloader ready. It
means this microcontroller baord can program the flash 2 ways. One is via ISP connector
with external In-System Programmer such as PX-400. Another is via USB with bootloader
(Atmega128 must pre-rpogrammed ready).
6 VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation
3. How to program the VX-Mega128 board
Flash programming ATmega128 on VX-Mega128 board has 2 methods.
(1) via ISP connector with external In-System Programmer : The suggession
programmer is INEX’s PX-400 amd Atmel’s AVR ISP In-System Programmer
(2) via USB with bootloader : This method ATmega128 must pre-programmed
bootloader firmware. INEX prepare ready to using. However user can re-program the
bootloader with yourself by external programmer via ISP connector. In CD-ROM contain
the HEX file of this bootloader. On VX-Mega128 board has FT232RL USB to Serial converter
chip to interface the USB but in software will look as COM port. Signal from FT232RL are
connected to SPI programming pin PDI (PE0) and PDO (PE1) of ATmega128. With this
method, user no need the external programer to flash programming. Only plug USB
cable between baord and computer. Open the suitable software. You can work with
this microcontroller board.
4. Extension memory board
The memory board of VX-Mega128 is 64KB. Divides 2 parts. One is Static RAM 32KB
; 62256. However user can work only lower 28KB. Because upper 4KB is reserved by
internal RAM data memory of ATmega128. Interfacing of this RAM work via the
EXPANSION BUS. This bus provides 8-bit data/address lines; AD0 to AD7 and Address line
A8 to A15, and all control signal.
Another memory part is serial EEPROM 32KB; 24C256. ATmega128 interfaces via
2
I C bus or Two-Wire Interface (TWI).
If you need to use this memeory board with VX-Mega128 board, must plug this
module on top at EXPANSION connector.
5. Software in VX-Mega128 board
The related software work with VX-Mega128 microcontroller board that suggession
has 4 softwares as follows :
(1) IDE development tool - introduce AVR Studio. It support both Assembly
and C programming. Download the latest version at www.atmel.com
(2) C compiler - suggess WinAVR. It is powerful GCC compiler and important
Free of charge. It can work with AVR Studio. User can develop C program under AVR
Studio and use WinAVR to compile. Download the latest version at http://
sourceforge.net/projects/winavr
VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation 7
(3) Flash programming software - suggess 2 softwares; AVR Prog and AVROSP II. The AVR Prog will install with AVR Studio. Avr-Osp II is separated. But user can add
Avr-OSP II into AVR Studio for easier to using. Download the latest version at http://
esnips.com/web/AtmelAVR
(4) Boot loader - It is small firmware that program into Flash program memory
of ATmega128. Its function is write the HEX code with itself via controlling from computer
via serial port. Programming this code into ATmga128 must use external In-System
Programmer in first time. However the manufacturer pre-program the bootloader ready.
The installation must do following these step as follows
(1) Install AVR Studio
(2) Install WinAVR compiler
(3) Install Virtual COM port (VCP) driver
(4) Install Avr-Osp II software if require
5.1 AVR Studio installation
5.1.1 Insert the AVR CD-ROM and look for this file in the AVR Studio directory;
aStudio4b460.exe. Double-click this file.
5.1.2 Enter the Installation Wizard. Click on the Next button to continue.
5.1.3 In the license agreement window, Select the box : I accept the terms of the
license agreement and Click on the Next button.
8 VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation
5.1.4 Choose Destination Location windows will appear. You can change the
path by clicking on the Change button and setting a new path. After this, click on the
Next button.
5.1.5 The Driver USB Upgrade window will now appear. Click on the Next button
to pass this step.
5.1.6 In the begin installation window, click on the Install button to start installation.
5.1.7 After the installation is complete, click on the Finish button to end the
installation of AVR Studio.
VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation 9
5.1.8 Next step is updating the software with service pack 4. Open CD-ROM .
Enter to Software folder AVR Studio 4.12. Look for this file in the Update folder ;
aStudio412SP4b497.exe. Double-click this file. The welcome installation windows will
appear. Click the Next button to continue.
5.1.9 The Select Features window appear. Click the Next button to install the
update files.
10 VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation
5.1.10 The Setup Status window appear and shows the installation progress bar.
Wait until finish.
5.1.11 After installation complete, click the Finish button.
VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation 11
5.1.12 To Launch the AVR Studio program, click on Start Programs Atmel
AVR Tools AVR Studio 4. The main window of the AVR Studio program will appear.
5.2 WinAVR installation
Please note that installation of WinAVR is done after the installation of AVR Studio.
Please ensure this is being done before proceeding.
5.2.1 Insert the AVR CD-ROM, and find the installation file of WinAVR ; WinAVR20060421-install.exe in folder Software WINAVR 20060421 Double-click this file.
5.2.2 Installation language dialog box will appear for selection the language of
this installation. Select your preferred language from the sliding bar.After that click on
the OK button.
12 VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation
5.2.3 The Welcome installation software window appears and shows the
installation information. Click on the Next button.
5.2.4 In the License agreement window, Click on the I agree button.
5.2.5 Choose Install Location window appears. User can change the path and
the folder for the installation of WinAVR by clicking at the Browse button and selecting
the respective folder. The proposed folder is C:\WinAVR. After selection, click Next
button to continue to the next step.
5.2.6 In the Choose Components window, select the components which you
want to install or follow according to the below diagram. Click on the Install button to
begin the installation.
5.2.7 The installation process starts and reports the status back on the screen. The
User needs to wait until the installation is complete. Click on the Finish button to end
once its done.
VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation 13
5.3 Install Virtual COM port (VCP) driver
5.3.1 Connect USB cable between VX-Mega128 board and computer’s USB port.
Put the ACR CD-ROM in CD-ROM drive. Apply the supply voltage to VX-Mega128 board.
5.3.2 Computer will detect the new hardware.
5.3.3 After that the New Hardware window appear. Select Install from a list or
specific location (Advanced) header and click the Next > button to continue.
5.3.4 Next, click to select at Search for the best driver in theses location and
Include this location in the search header. After that click Browse button to looks for
Driver directory in CD-ROM. The driver file will contain in folder USB-VCP_driver WinNT_XP
Click the Next button to continue.
5.3.5 All driver files will install to computer.
5.3.6 The USB High Speed Serial Converter installation complete window appear.
Click the Finish button. USB indicator on VX-Mega128 board lights.
5.3.7 Wait a moment, the Virtual COM port installation driver window will appear.
Select Install from a list or specific location (Advanced) header similar step 5.1.3.3 and
click the Next > button.
14 VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation
5.3.8 Select Search for the best driver in theses location and Include this location
in the search header. Click Browse button to looks for Driver directory in CD-ROM. Must
select the same destination from step 5.1.3.4. Click the Next > button to continue.
F:\VX-M128v070101\USB-VCP_Driver\WinNT_XP
5.3.9 All driver files will install to computer.
5.3.10 The USB Serial port installation complete window appear. Click the Finish
button to finish installation.
5.3.11 After installation complete, user can check the position of the Virtual COM
port or USB Serial port. Open Control Panel. Select System Hardware Device
Manager and see Port (COM & LPT). You will found USB Serial Port position. Remeber it
for interfacing later.
6. Flash programming on VX-Mega128 board
6.1 Via USB port with Bootloader
6.1.1 Apply the supply voltage in range +6 to 12Vdc to VX-Mega128 board. Press
the SW1 switch and turn-on power switch. The green POWER LED lights. Release the SW1.
At LCD screen shows message below :
VX-Mega128
Run
>
Bootloader
Now the VX-Mega128 board enter to Bootloader mode. Ready for flash
programming via USB port.
6.1.2 Connect USB cable between PC’s USB port and VX-Mega128 board. Check
the USB Serial port position from Device Manager following the figure 5.
6.1.3 Open AVR STudio to develop C program and compile to HEX file ready.
VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation 15
Figure 5 The Device Manager window shows the USB Serial port that installed
in computer
6.1.4 At menu, selects Tool Program AVR Connect... following the illustrated
below for setting the VX-Mega128 baord to connect with AVR Studio.
16 VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation
6.1.5 The Select AVR Programmer window appears below.
Set all parameter as follows
Platform: STK500 or AVRISP
Port:
COM2 (the USB Serial port position that set by computer)
Click on the Connect button to connecting.
6.1.6 The AVRISP window appears below.
VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation 17
Set all parameter as follows
Device :
Atmega128
Programming mode :
ISP mode
Flash :
Input Hex File
After that click on the Browse button to select HEX file which required to
download. Example file is VX128_Dm.HEX. Its path is C:\Documents and
Settings\Administrator\Desktop\VX128_Dm\default (The result file - HEX file from
compiler will be store in default folder)
6.1.7 Click on the Program button in Flash header for downloading VX128_Dm.HEX
file to Atmega128 microcontroller on the VX-Mega128 board.
The programming steps are :
6.1.7.1 Erase
6.1.7.2 Program the HEX file. It is VX128_Dm.HEX file.
6.1.7.3 Verify programming
At AVRISP window will show the status at the bottom left corner of AVR
Studio main window. Until the donwload finish, screen will show the message Leaving
programming mode.. OK!
6.1.8 Now the flash programming ready. Press RESET switch to run the program.
Observe the operation of VX-Mega128 board.
18 VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation
Connect to USB port in case
PC has only USB
UCON-232S
USB to Serial port
converter
Connect to Serial
or COM port
0
0
0
CX-4 cable
0
0
0
PX-400
RS-232
ISP
CX-4 cable
VX-Mega128
DC
input
Figure 5 The diagram of Flash programming via ISP connector with PX-400
programmer
6.2 With PX-400 programmer via ISP connector
6.2.1Apply the supply voltage during 6 to 12Vdc to VX-Mega128 board. Turn-on
power switch. The green POWER indicator lights.
6.2.2 Connect PX-400 between Serial port and ISP connector on VX-Mega128
board. If your computer has only USB port, the USB to Serial port converter required. The
UCON-232S is recommended. See the diagram in figure 5.
6.2.3 Open AVR STudio to develop C program and compile to HEX file ready.
6.2.4 At menu, Select Tool AVR Prog...
VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation 19
6.2.5 The AVRprog window appear.
6.2.6 For first time using AVRProg program, developer must set some parameter
of flash programming for AVR Prog. The step is as follows :
6.2.6.1 Device box select ATmega128
6.2.6.2 Click on the Advance.. button. The Advance window appear.
20 VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation
6.2.6.3 Set all parameters identical the illustrate in step 6.2.6.2. After that
click on the Write button once for writing the parameters. Theses parameters will store
and set to default value for next working.
6.2.6.4 Click on the Close button to exit this window.
6.2.7 Back to the main window of AVRProg, at Hex file border, click on the Browse
button to find the HEX file. For example, load file VX128_Dm.HEX from this path
C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Desktop\VX128_Dm\default
6.2.8 Click on the Program button in Flash border. The progress bar will active to
shows the progress status.
6.2.9 After downloading finished, the program will run immediately. The file
VX128_Dm.HEX is Hardware testing program for VX-Mega128 board.
6.3 How to program bootloader with your own.
If you make the flash programming of the VX-Mega128 board with the external InSystem Programmer, possible to delete the Bootloader firmware. If you need to program
Flash memory with bootloader again.Your can re-program the bootloadr by your own
with the external programmer via ISP connector.
The bootloder HEX file is VX-M128_Boot.HEX. It is contained in folder Bootloader in
CD-ROM that bundled with VX-Mega128 set. Programming procedure is similar the flash
programming with ant HEX file with extrernal programmer.
After the bootloader is programmed ready, you can program ATmega128 flash
memory with Bootloader procedure at topic 6.1
VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation 21
7. Summary of Teting file of VX-Mega128 board
The VX128_Dm.HEX is HEX file for testing the operation of VX-Mega128 board.
Normally, maker will pre-programmed ready to test. In first time operation, after apply
the supply voltage. LCD screen on the board will show this message :
VX-Mega128
Run
>
User
code
and change to
VX-Mega128
Demo
After that MCU will read data from 4-bit Binary Switch to display on the LCD screen.
The binary switch can supply 4-bit digital data and is called Knob. User can change the
shaft at Binary switch and see the correct position.
Summay of all functuion can show as follows :
0 : Display the Knob’s value “000” on LCD16x2 module
1 : Testing the switches SW1 to SW4
2 : ADC module testing
3 : Test D.IN0 to D.IN7 input digital port
4 : Test the D.OUT0 to D.OUT7 for output port
5 : Read port B (PB0 to PB7)
6 : Read port D (PD2 to PD4)
7 : Read port E (PE2 to PE7)
8 : Test the RAM on the memory extension module (must plug the memory
board on top of VX-Mega128 board at EXPANSION connector).
9 : Test the EEPROM on the memory extension module (must plug the memory
board on top of VX-Mega128 board at EXPANSION connector).
A : Display the Knob’s value “010” on LCD16x2 module
B : Display the Knob’s value “011” on LCD16x2 module
C : Display the Knob’s value “012” on LCD16x2 module
D : Display the Knob’s value “013” on LCD16x2 module
E : Display the Knob’s value “014” on LCD16x2 module
F : Display the Knob’s value “015” on LCD16x2 module
22 VX-Mega128 : ATmega128 Microcontroller board documentation
8. Resource
All sourcecode in C program is contained in Example code > VX128_Dm. You can
see and edit by your own to make the new code.
For more information of ATmega128 microcontroller, can see and download
datasheet and many applicatiobn notes from www.atmel.com.
Special thanks for
1. Atmel Corp. about the perfect IDE software; AVR Studio.
2. Many people who develops the nicely C compiler in name WinAVR.
www.inex.co.th
www.inexglobal.com
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