user`s manual
PIP-GE SERIES 3KVA, 5KVA
INVERTER / CHARGER
(High PV Input model)
User Manual
VERSION 1.0
Table Of Contents
ABOUT THIS MANUAL ...................................................................................................................................... 1
Purpose ............................................................................................................................................................ 1
Scope ............................................................................................................................................................... 1
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS................................................................................................................................... 1
INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................................. 2
Features ........................................................................................................................................................... 2
Basic System Architecture ............................................................................................................................... 2
Product Overview ............................................................................................................................................. 3
INSTALLATION ................................................................................................................................................... 4
Unpacking and Inspection................................................................................................................................ 4
Preparation ...................................................................................................................................................... 4
Mounting the Unit ............................................................................................................................................. 4
Battery Connection .......................................................................................................................................... 5
AC Input/Output Connection ............................................................................................................................ 7
PV Connection ................................................................................................................................................. 8
Final Assembly ................................................................................................................................................. 9
Communication Connection ............................................................................................................................. 9
OPERATION ...................................................................................................................................................... 10
Power ON/OFF .............................................................................................................................................. 10
Operation and Display Panel ......................................................................................................................... 10
LCD Display Icons ......................................................................................................................................... 11
LCD Setting .................................................................................................................................................... 13
Display Setting ............................................................................................................................................... 19
Operating Mode Description .......................................................................................................................... 22
Battery Equalization Description .................................................................................................................... 24
Fault Reference Code .................................................................................................................................... 26
Warning Indicator ........................................................................................................................................... 26
CLEARANCE AND MAINTENANCE FOR ANTI-DUST KIT ............................................................................ 27
Overview ........................................................................................................................................................ 27
Clearance and Maintenance .......................................................................................................................... 27
SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................................................................................. 28
Table 1 Line Mode Specifications ................................................................................................................... 28
Table 2 Inverter Mode Specifications ............................................................................................................. 29
Table 3 Charge Mode Specifications .............................................................................................................. 30
Table 4 General Specifications ....................................................................................................................... 30
TROUBLE SHOOTING ..................................................................................................................................... 31
Appendix: Approximate Back-up Time Table ............................................................................................... 32
ABOUT THIS MANUAL
Purpose
This manual describes the assembly, installation, operation and troubleshooting of this unit. Please read
this manual carefully before installations and operations. Keep this manual for future reference.
Scope
This manual provides safety and installation guidelines as well as information on tools and wiring.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING: This chapter contains important safety and operating instructions. Read and
keep this manual for future reference.
1.
Before using the unit, read all instructions and cautionary markings on the unit, the batteries and all
appropriate sections of this manual.
2.
CAUTION --To reduce risk of injury, charge only deep-cycle lead acid type rechargeable batteries.
Other types of batteries may burst, causing personal injury and damage.
3.
Do not disassemble the unit. Take it to a qualified service center when service or repair is required.
Incorrect re-assembly may result in a risk of electric shock or fire.
4.
To reduce risk of electric shock, disconnect all wirings before attempting any maintenance or cleaning.
Turning off the unit will not reduce this risk.
5.
CAUTION – Only qualified personnel can install this device with battery.
6.
NEVER charge a frozen battery.
7.
For optimum operation of this inverter/charger, please follow required spec to select appropriate cable
size. It’s very important to correctly operate this inverter/charger.
8.
Be very cautious when working with metal tools on or around batteries. A potential risk exists to drop
a tool to spark or short circuit batteries or other electrical parts and could cause an explosion.
9.
Please strictly follow installation procedure when you want to disconnect AC or DC terminals. Please
refer to INSTALLATION section of this manual for the details.
10. One piece of 150A fuse is provided as over-current protection for the battery supply.
11. GROUNDING INSTRUCTIONS -This inverter/charger should be connected to a permanent grounded
wiring system. Be sure to comply with local requirements and regulation to install this inverter.
12. NEVER cause AC output and DC input short circuited. Do NOT connect to the mains when DC input
short circuits.
13. Warning!! Only qualified service persons are able to service this device. If errors still persist after
following troubleshooting table, please send this inverter/charger back to local dealer or service center
for maintenance.
1
INTRODUCTION
This is a multi-function inverter/charger, combining functions of inverter, solar charger and battery charger to
offer uninterruptible power support with portable size. Its comprehensive LCD display offers user-configurable
and easy-accessible button operation such as battery charging current, AC/solar charger priority, and
acceptable input voltage based on different applications.
Features

Pure sine wave inverter

Configurable input voltage range for home appliances and personal computers via LCD setting

Configurable battery charging current based on applications via LCD setting

Configurable AC/Solar Charger priority via LCD setting

Compatible to mains voltage or generator power

Auto restart while AC is recovering

Overload/ Over temperature/ short circuit protection

Smart battery charger design for optimized battery performance

Cold start function
Basic System Architecture
The following illustration shows basic application for this inverter/charger. It also includes following devices to
have a complete running system:
 Generator or Utility.
 PV modules
Consult with your system integrator for other possible system architectures depending on your requirements.
This inverter can power all kinds of appliances in home or office environment, including motor-type appliances
such as tube light, fan, refrigerator and air conditioner.
Figure 1 Hybrid Power System
2
Product Overview
1. LCD display
2. Status indicator
3. Charging indicator
4. Fault indicator
5. Function buttons
6. Power on/off switch
7. AC input
8. AC output
9. PV input
10. Battery input
11. Circuit breaker
12. USB communication port
13. RS-232 communication port
3
INSTALLATION
Unpacking and Inspection
Before installation, please inspect the unit. Be sure that nothing inside the package is damaged. You should
have received the following items inside of package:
 The unit x 1
 User manual x 1
 Communication cable x 1
 Software CD x 1
 DC Fuse x 1
 Ring terminal x 1
 Strain relief plate x 1
 PV wire cover x 1
 Screws x 4
Preparation
Before connecting all wirings, please take off bottom cover by removing two screws as shown below.
Mounting the Unit
Consider the following points before selecting where to install:
 Do not mount the inverter on flammable construction materials.
 Mount on a solid surface
 Install this inverter at eye level in order to allow the LCD display to be
read at all times.
 For proper air circulation to dissipate heat, allow a clearance of approx.
20 cm to the side and approx. 50 cm above and below the unit.
 The ambient temperature should be between 0°C and 55°C to ensure
optimal operation.
 The recommended installation position is to be adhered to the wall
vertically.
 Be sure to keep other objects and surfaces as shown in the diagram to
guarantee sufficient heat dissipation and to have enough space for
removing wires.
SUITABLE FOR MOUNTING ON CONCRETE OR OTHER NON-COMBUSTIBLE SURFACE ONLY.
4
Install the unit by screwing two screws. It’s recommended to use M4 or M5 screws.
Battery Connection
CAUTION: For safety operation and regulation compliance, it’s requested to install a separate DC over-current
protector or disconnect device between battery and inverter. It may not be requested to have a disconnect
device in some applications, however, it’s still requested to have over-current protection installed. Please refer
to typical amperage in below table as required fuse or breaker size.
WARNING! All wiring must be performed by a qualified personnel.
WARNING! It's very important for system safety and efficient operation to use appropriate cable for battery
connection. To reduce risk of injury, please use the proper recommended cable as below.
Recommended battery cable size:
2
Model
Wire Size
Cable (mm )
Torque value(max)
3KVA/5KVA
1 x 2AWG
35
2 Nm
Please follow below steps to implement battery connection:
1. Remove insulation sleeve 18 mm for positive and negative conductors.
2. Suggest to put bootlace ferrules on the end of positive and negative wires
with a proper crimping tool.
3. Fix strain relief plate to the inverter by supplied screws as shown in below
chart.
4. Connect all battery packs as below chart.
5
5. Insert the battery wires flatly into battery connectors of inverter and make sure the bolts are tightened with
torque of 2 Nm in clockwise direction. Make sure polarity at both the battery and the inverter/charge is
correctly connected and conductors are tightly screwed into the battery terminals.
Recommended tool: #2 Pozi Screwdriver
6. To firmly secure wire connection, you may fix the wires to strain relief with cable tie.
WARNING: Shock Hazard
Installation must be performed with care due to high battery voltage in series.
CAUTION!! Before making the final DC connection or closing DC breaker/disconnector, be sure
positive (+) must be connected to positive (+) and negative (-) must be connected to negative
(-).
6
AC Input/Output Connection
CAUTION!! Before connecting to AC input power source, please install a separate AC breaker between
inverter and AC input power source. This will ensure the inverter can be securely disconnected during
maintenance and fully protected from over current of AC input. The recommended spec of AC breaker is 32A
for 3KVA and 50A for 5KVA.
CAUTION!! There are two terminal blocks with “IN” and “OUT” markings. Please do NOT mis-connect input
and output connectors.
WARNING! All wiring must be performed by a qualified personnel.
WARNING! It's very important for system safety and efficient operation to use appropriate cable for AC input
connection. To reduce risk of injury, please use the proper recommended cable size as below.
Suggested cable requirement for AC wires
Model
Gauge
Cable (mm2)
Torque Value
3KVA
12 AWG
4
1.2 Nm
5KVA
10 AWG
6
1.2 Nm
Please follow below steps to implement AC input/output connection:
1. Before making AC input/output connection, be sure to open DC protector or disconnector first.
2. Remove insulation sleeve 10mm for six conductors. And shorten phase L and neutral conductor N 3 mm.
3. Insert AC input wires according to polarities indicated on terminal block and tighten the terminal screws. Be
sure to connect PE protective conductor ( ) first.
→Ground (yellow-green)
L→LINE (brown or black)
N→Neutral (blue)
WARNING:
Be sure that AC power source is disconnected before attempting to hardwire it to the unit.
4. Then, insert AC output wires according to polarities indicated on terminal block and tighten terminal screws.
Be sure to connect PE protective conductor (
) first.
→Ground (yellow-green)
L→LINE (brown or black)
N→Neutral (blue)
5. Make sure the wires are securely connected.
7
CAUTION: Appliances such as air conditioner are required at least 2~3 minutes to restart because it’s required
to have enough time to balance refrigerant gas inside of circuits.
If a power shortage occurs and recovers in a
short time, it will cause damage to your connected appliances. To prevent this kind of damage, please check
manufacturer of air conditioner if it’s equipped with time-delay function before installation. Otherwise, this
inverter/charger will trig overload fault and cut off output to protect your appliance but sometimes it still causes
internal damage to the air conditioner.
PV Connection
CAUTION: Before connecting to PV modules, please install separately a DC circuit breaker between inverter
and PV modules.
WARNING! It's very important for system safety and efficient operation to use appropriate cable for PV
module connection. To reduce risk of injury, please use the proper recommended cable size as below.
Model
Wire Size
Cable (mm2)
Torque value(max)
3KVA/5KVA
1 x 12AWG
4
1.2 Nm
PV Module Selection:
When selecting proper PV modules, please be sure to consider below parameters:
1. Open circuit Voltage (Voc) of PV modules not exceeds max. PV array open circuit voltage of inverter.
2. Open circuit Voltage (Voc) of PV modules should be higher than min. battery voltage.
INVERTER MODEL
3KVA
Max. PV Array Open Circuit Voltage
PV Array MPPT Voltage Range
5KVA
500Vdc
120Vdc~450Vdc
Take 250Wp PV module as an example. After considering above two parameters, the recommended module
configurations are listed as below table.
Solar Panel Spec.
SOLAR INPUT
Total input
Q'ty of panels
(reference)
(Min in serial: 6 pcs, max. in serial: 13 pcs)
power
- 250Wp
6 pcs in serial
6 pcs
1500W
- Vmp: 30.1Vdc
8
pcs
in
serial
8
pcs
2000W
- Imp: 8.3A
12
pcs
in
serial
12
pcs
3000W
- Voc: 37.7Vdc
13
pcs
in
serial
13
pcs
3250W
- Isc: 8.4A
8 pieces in serial and 2 sets in parallel
16 pcs
4000W
- Cells: 60
PV Module Wire Connection
Please follow below steps to implement PV module connection:
1. Remove insulation sleeve 10 mm for positive and negative conductors.
2. Suggest to put bootlace ferrules on the end of positive and negative wires with a
proper crimping tool.
3. Fix PV wire cover to the inverter with supplied screws as shown in below chart.
4. Check correct polarity of wire connection from PV modules and PV input connectors. Then, connect positive
pole (+) of connection wire to positive pole (+) of PV input connector. Connect negative pole (-) of
8
connection wire to negative pole (-) of PV input connector. Screw two wires tightly in clockwise direction.
Recommended tool: 4mm blade screwdriver
Final Assembly
After connecting all wirings, please put bottom cover back by screwing two screws as shown below.
Communication Connection
Please use supplied communication cable to connect to inverter and PC. Insert bundled CD into a computer and
follow on-screen instruction to install the monitoring software. For the detailed software operation, please
check user manual of software inside of CD.
9
OPERATION
Power ON/OFF
Side view of unit
Once the unit has been properly installed and the batteries are connected well, simply press On/Off switch
(located on the button of the case) to turn on the unit.
Operation and Display Panel
The operation and display panel, shown in below chart, is on the front panel of the inverter. It includes
three indicators, four function keys and a LCD display, indicating the operating status and input/output
power information.
LCD display
LED indicators
Function keys
LED Indicator
LED Indicator
Green
Green
Red
Messages
Solid On
Output is powered by utility in Line mode.
Flashing
Output is powered by battery or PV in battery mode.
Solid On
Battery is fully charged.
Flashing
Battery is charging.
Solid On
Fault occurs in the inverter.
Flashing
Warning condition occurs in the inverter.
Function Keys
Function Key
Description
ESC
To exit setting mode
UP
To go to previous selection
DOWN
To go to next selection
ENTER
To confirm the selection in setting mode or enter setting mode
10
LCD Display Icons
Icon
Function description
Input Source Information
Indicates the AC input.
Indicates the PV input
Indicate input voltage, input frequency, PV voltage, charger current (if PV in
charging for 3K models), charger power, battery voltage.
Configuration Program and Fault Information
Indicates the setting programs.
Indicates the warning and fault codes.
Warning:
Fault:
flashing with warning code.
lighting with fault code
Output Information
Indicate output voltage, output frequency, load percent, load in VA, load in
Watt and discharging current.
Battery Information
Indicates battery level by 0-24%, 25-49%, 50-74% and 75-100% in battery
mode and charging status in line mode.
In AC mode, it will present battery charging status.
Status
Battery voltage
<2V/cell
Constant
2 ~ 2.083V/cell
Current mode /
Constant
Voltage mode
LCD Display
4 bars will flash in turns.
Bottom bar will be on and the other three
bars will flash in turns.
Bottom two bars will be on and the other
two bars will flash in turns.
Bottom three bars will be on and the top
2.083 ~ 2.167V/cell
> 2.167 V/cell
bar will flash.
Floating mode. Batteries are fully charged.
4 bars will be on.
11
In battery mode, it will present battery capacity.
Load Percentage
Battery Voltage
LCD Display
< 1.85V/cell
1.85V/cell ~ 1.933V/cell
Load >50%
1.933V/cell ~ 2.017V/cell
> 2.017V/cell
< 1.892V/cell
1.892V/cell ~ 1.975V/cell
Load < 50%
1.975V/cell ~ 2.058V/cell
> 2.058V/cell
Load Information
Indicates overload.
Indicates the load level by 0-24%, 25-49%, 50-74% and 75-100%.
0%~24%
25%~49%
50%~74%
Mode Operation Information
Indicates unit connects to the mains.
Indicates unit connects to the PV panel.
Indicates load is supplied by utility power.
Indicates the utility charger circuit is working.
Indicates the DC/AC inverter circuit is working.
Mute Operation
Indicates unit alarm is disabled.
12
75%~100%
LCD Setting
After pressing and holding ENTER button for 3 seconds, the unit will enter setting mode. Press “UP” or “DOWN”
button to select setting programs. And then, press “ENTER” button to confirm the selection or ESC button to
exit.
Setting Programs:
Program
Description
Selectable option
Escape
00
Exit setting mode
Utility will provide power to the
Utility first (default)
loads as first priority.
Solar and battery energy will
provide power to the loads only
when utility power is not available.
Solar energy provides power to
the loads as first priority.
If solar energy is not sufficient to
power all connected loads, battery
energy will supply power the loads
Solar first
at the same time.
Utility provides power to the loads
only when any one condition
Output source priority:
01
happens:
To configure load power
- Solar energy is not available
source priority
- Battery voltage drops to
low-level warning voltage or the
setting point in program 12.
Solar energy provides power to
the loads as first priority.
If solar energy is not sufficient to
SBU priority
power all connected loads, battery
energy will supply power to the
loads at the same time.
Utility provides power to the loads
only when battery voltage drops
to either low-level warning voltage
or the setting point in program 12.
02
Maximum charging current:
To configure total charging
current for solar and utility
chargers.
(Max. charging current =
utility charging current +
solar charging current)
10A
20A
30A
40A
50A
60A (default)
13
70A
80A
Appliances (default)
If selected, acceptable AC input
voltage range will be within
03
AC input voltage range
90-280VAC.
UPS
If selected, acceptable AC input
voltage range will be within
170-280VAC.
05
Battery type
AGM (default)
Flooded
User-Defined
If “User-Defined” is selected,
battery charge voltage and low DC
cut-off voltage can be set up in
program 26, 27 and 29.
06
Auto restart when overload
occurs
07
Auto restart when over
temperature occurs
09
10
Restart enable
Restart disable (default)
Restart enable
50Hz (default)
60Hz
220V
230V (default)
Output frequency
Output voltage
Maximum utility charging
current
11
Restart disable (default)
Note: If setting value in
program 02 is smaller than
that in program in 11, the
inverter will apply charging
current from program 02 for
utility charger.
240V
2A
10A
20A
30A (default)
40A
50A
60A
Available options in 3KVA model:
12
Setting voltage point back
to utility source when
selecting “SBU priority” or
“Solar first” in program 01.
22.0V
22.5V
14
23.0V (default)
23.5V
24.0V
24.5V
25.0V
25.5V
Available options in 5KVA model:
44V
45V
46V (default)
47V
48V
49V
50V
51V
Available options in 3KVA model:
Battery fully charged
24V
24.5V
25V
25.5V
26V
26.5V
27V (default)
Setting voltage point back
13
to battery mode when
selecting “SBU priority” or
“Solar first” in program 01.
15
27.5V
28V
28.5V
29V
Available options in 5KVA model:
Battery fully charged
48V
49V
50V
51V
52V
53V
54V (default)
55V
56V
57V
58V
If this inverter/charger is working in Line, Standby or Fault mode,
charger source can be programmed as below:
Utility first
Utility will charge battery as first
priority.
Solar energy will charge battery
only when utility power is not
Charger source priority:
16
To configure charger
source priority
available.
Solar first
Solar energy will charge battery as
first priority.
Utility will charge battery only
when solar energy is not available.
Solar and Utility (default)
Solar energy and utility will charge
battery at the same time.
16
Only Solar
Solar energy will be the only
charger source no matter utility is
available or not.
If this inverter/charger is working in Battery mode or Power saving
mode, only solar energy can charge battery. Solar energy will
charge battery if it's available and sufficient.
18
Alarm on (default)
Alarm off
Return to default display
If selected, no matter how users
screen (default)
switch display screen, it will
Alarm control
automatically return to default
19
display screen (Input voltage
Auto return to default
display screen
/output voltage) after no button is
pressed for 1 minute.
Stay at latest screen
If selected, the display screen will
stay at latest screen user finally
switches.
20
Backlight control
22
Beeps while primary source
is interrupted
23
Overload bypass:
When enabled, the unit will
transfer to line mode if
overload occurs in battery
mode.
25
Backlight on (default)
Backlight off
Alarm on (default)
Alarm off
Bypass disable (default)
Bypass enable
Record enable (default)
Record disable
Record Fault code
3KVA default setting: 28.2V
26
Bulk charging voltage
(C.V voltage)
5KVA default setting: 56.4V
If self-defined is selected in program 5, this program can be set
up. Setting range is from 25.0V to 31.5V for 3KVA model and
48.0V to 61.0V for 5KVA model. Increment of each click is 0.1V.
3KVA default setting: 27.0V
27
Floating charging voltage
17
5KVA default setting: 54.0V
If self-defined is selected in program 5, this program can be set
up. Setting range is from 25.0V to 31.5V for 3KVA model and
48.0V to 61.0V for 5KVA model. Increment of each click is 0.1V.
3KVA default setting: 21.0V
5KVA default setting: 42.0V
29
Low DC cut-off voltage
If self-defined is selected in program 5, this program can be set
up. Setting range is from 21.0V to 24.0V for 3KVA model and
42.0V to 48.0V for 5KVA model. Increment of each click is 0.1V.
Low DC cut-off voltage will be fixed to setting value no matter
what percentage of load is connected.
Battery equalization
30
Battery equalization disable (default)
Battery equalization
If “Flooded” or “User-Defined” is selected in program 05, this
program can be set up.
3KVA default setting: 29.2V
31
Battery equalization voltage
5KVA default setting: 58.4V
Setting range is from 25.0V to 31.5V for 3KVA model and 48.0V to
61.0V for 5KVA model. Increment of each click is 0.1V.
60min (default)
33
Increment of each click is 5min.
Battery equalized time
120min (default)
34
30days (default)
Equalization interval
36
Equalization activated
immediately
Setting range is from 5min to 900 min.
Increment of each click is 5 min.
Battery equalized timeout
35
Setting range is from 5min to 900min.
Setting range is from 0 to 90 days.
Increment of each click is 1 day
Enable
Disable (default)
18
If equalization function is enabled in program 30, this program can
be set up. If “Enable” is selected in this program, it’s to activate
battery equalization immediately and LCD main page will shows
“
”. If “Disable” is selected, it will cancel equalization function
until next activated equalization time arrives based on program 35
setting. At this time, “
” will not be shown in LCD main page.
Display Setting
The LCD display information will be switched in turns by pressing “UP” or “DOWN” key. The selectable
information is switched as below order: input voltage, input frequency, PV voltage, charging current, charging
power, battery voltage, output voltage, output frequency, load percentage, load in Watt, load in VA, load in
Watt, DC discharging current, main CPU Version.
Selectable information
LCD display
Input Voltage=230V, output voltage=230V
Input voltage/Output voltage
(Default Display Screen)
Input frequency=50Hz
Input frequency
PV voltage=260V
PV voltage
PV current = 2.5A
PV current
PV power = 500W
PV power
19
AC and PV charging current=50A
PV charging current=50A
Charging current
AC charging current=50A
AC and PV charging power=500W
PV charging power=500W
Charging power
AC charging power=500W
Battery voltage=25.5V, output voltage=230V
Battery voltage and output voltage
20
Output frequency=50Hz
Output frequency
Load percent=70%
Load percentage
When connected load is lower than 1kVA, load in
VA will present xxxVA like below chart.
Load in VA
When load is larger than 1kVA (≧1KVA), load in
VA will present x.xkVA like below chart.
When load is lower than 1kW, load in W will
present xxxW like below chart.
Load in Watt
When load is larger than 1kW (≧1KW), load in W
will present x.xkW like below chart.
21
Battery voltage=25.5V, discharging current=1A
Battery voltage/DC discharging current
Main CPU version 00014.04
Main CPU version checking
Operating Mode Description
Operation mode
Description
LCD display
Charging by utility and PV energy.
Standby mode / Power
saving mode
Note:
Charging by utility.
*Standby mode: The inverter
is not turned on yet but at this
time, the inverter can charge
battery without AC output.
*Power saving mode: If
No output is supplied by the
unit but it still can charge
batteries.
Charging by PV energy.
enabled, the output of inverter
will be off when connected
load is pretty low or not
No charging.
detected.
Charging by utility and PV energy.
Fault mode
Charging by utility.
Note:
*Fault mode: Errors are
caused by inside circuit error
or external reasons such as
PV energy and utility can
charge batteries.
Charging by PV energy.
over temperature, output short
circuited and so on.
No charging.
22
Operation mode
Description
LCD display
The unit will provide output
Charging by utility and PV energy.
power from the mains. It will
also charge the battery at
line mode.
Charging by utility.
If “solar first” is selected as output source
priority and solar energy is not sufficient to
provide the load, solar energy and the utility will
provide the loads and charge the battery at the
same time.
Line Mode
The unit will provide output
power from the mains. It will
also charge the battery at
line mode.
If “solar first” is selected as output source
priority and battery is not connected, solar
energy and the utility will provide the loads.
Power from utility.
Power from battery and PV energy.
PV energy will supply power to the loads and
The unit will provide output
Battery Mode
charge battery at the same time.
power from battery and PV
power.
Power from battery only.
23
The unit will provide output
Battery Mode
Power from PV energy only.
power from battery and PV
power.
Battery Equalization Description
Equalization function is added into charge controller. It reverses the buildup of negative chemical effects like
stratification, a condition where acid concentration is greater at the bottom of the battery than at the top.
Equalization also helps to remove sulfate crystals that might have built up on the plates. If left unchecked, this
condition, called sulfation, will reduce the overall capacity of the battery.
Therefore, it’s recommended to
equalize battery periodically.

How to Apply Equalization Function
You must enable battery equalization function in monitoring LCD setting program 30 first. Then, you may apply
this function in device by either one of following methods:
1. Setting equalization interval in program 35.
2. Active equalization immediately in program 36.

When to Equalize
In float stage, when the setting equalization interval (battery equalization cycle) is arrived, or equalization is
active immediately, the controller will start to enter Equalize stage.

Equalize charging time and timeout
In Equalize stage, the controller will supply power to charge battery as much as possible until battery voltage
raises to battery equalization voltage. Then, constant-voltage regulation is applied to maintain battery voltage
at the battery equalization voltage. The battery will remain in the Equalize stage until setting battery equalized
time is arrived.
24
However, in Equalize stage, when battery equalized time is expired and battery voltage doesn’t rise to battery
equalization voltage point, the charge controller will extend the battery equalized time until battery voltage
achieves battery equalization voltage. If battery voltage is still lower than battery equalization voltage when
battery equalized timeout setting is over, the charge controller will stop equalization and return to float stage.
25
Fault Reference Code
Fault Code
Fault Event
01
Fan is locked when inverter is off.
02
Over temperature
03
Battery voltage is too high
04
Battery voltage is too low
05
Output short circuited or over temperature is detected by
internal converter components.
06
Output voltage is too high.
07
Overload time out
08
Bus voltage is too high
09
Bus soft start failed
51
Over current or surge
52
Bus voltage is too low
53
Inverter soft start failed
55
Over DC voltage in AC output
57
Current sensor failed
58
Output voltage is too low
59
PV voltage is over limitation
Icon on
Warning Indicator
Warning
Code
Warning Event
Audible Alarm
01
Fan is locked when inverter
is on.
Beep three times every
second
02
Over temperature
None
03
Battery is over-charged
Beep once every second
04
Low battery
Beep once every second
07
Overload
Beep once every 0.5 second
10
Output power derating
Beep twice every 3 seconds
15
PV energy is low.
Beep twice every 3 seconds
Battery equalization
None
Battery is not connected
None
26
Icon flashing
CLEARANCE AND MAINTENANCE FOR ANTI-DUST KIT
Overview
Every inverter is already installed with anti-dusk kit from factory. Inverter will automatically detect this kit and
activate internal thermal sensor to adjust internal temperature. This kit also keeps dusk from your inverter and
increases product reliability in harsh environment.
Clearance and Maintenance
Step 1: Please loosen the screw in counterclockwise direction on the top of the inverter.
Step 2: Then, dustproof case can be removed and take out air filter foam as shown in below chart.
Step 3: Clean air filter foam and dustproof case. After clearance, re-assemble the dust-kit back to the inverter.
NOTICE: The anti-dust kit should be cleaned from dust every one month.
27
SPECIFICATIONS
Table 1 Line Mode Specifications
INVERTER MODEL
3KVA
Input Voltage Waveform
5KVA
Sinusoidal (utility or generator)
Nominal Input Voltage
230Vac
170Vac± 7V (UPS);
Low Loss Voltage
90Vac± 7V (Appliances)
180Vac± 7V (UPS);
Low Loss Return Voltage
100Vac± 7V (Appliances)
High Loss Voltage
280Vac± 7V
High Loss Return Voltage
270Vac± 7V
Max AC Input Voltage
300Vac
Nominal Input Frequency
50Hz / 60Hz (Auto detection)
Low Loss Frequency
40± 1Hz
Low Loss Return Frequency
42± 1Hz
High Loss Frequency
65± 1Hz
High Loss Return Frequency
63± 1Hz
Output Short Circuit Protection
Circuit Breaker
Efficiency (Line Mode)
>95% ( Rated R load, battery full charged )
10ms typical (UPS);
Transfer Time
20ms typical (Appliances)
Output Power
Output power derating:
Rated Power
When AC input voltage drops to 170V,
the output power will be derated.
50% Power
90V
28
170V
280V
Input Voltage
Table 2 Inverter Mode Specifications
INVERTER MODEL
Rated Output Power
3KVA
5KVA
3KVA/2.4KW
5KVA/4KW
Output Voltage Waveform
Pure Sine Wave
Output Voltage Regulation
230Vac± 5%
Output Frequency
50Hz
Peak Efficiency
93%
Overload Protection
[email protected]≥150% load; [email protected]%~150% load
2* rated power for 5 seconds
Surge Capacity
Nominal DC Input Voltage
24Vdc
48Vdc
23.0Vdc
46.0Vdc
@ load < 50%
23.0Vdc
46.0Vdc
@ load ≥ 50%
22.0Vdc
44.0Vdc
@ load < 50%
23.5Vdc
47.0Vdc
@ load ≥ 50%
23.0Vdc
46.0Vdc
@ load < 50%
21.5Vdc
43.0Vdc
@ load ≥ 50%
21.0Vdc
42.0Vdc
High DC Recovery Voltage
32Vdc
62Vdc
High DC Cut-off Voltage
33Vdc
63Vdc
Cold Start Voltage
Low DC Warning Voltage
Low DC Warning Return Voltage
Low DC Cut-off Voltage
No Load Power Consumption
<35W
29
Table 3 Charge Mode Specifications
Utility Charging Mode
3KVA
INVERTER MODEL
5KVA
Charging Algorithm
3-Step
AC Charging Current (Max)
60Amp (@VI/P=230Vac)
Bulk Charging Flooded Battery
29.2
58.4
Voltage
28.2
56.4
27Vdc
54Vdc
AGM / Gel Battery
Floating Charging Voltage
Battery Voltage, per cell
Charging Current, %
2.43Vdc (2.35Vdc)
Voltage
2.25Vdc
100%
Charging Curve
50%
T0
T1
T1 = 10* T0, minimum 10mins, maximum 8hrs
Current
Bulk
(Constant Current)
Absorption
(Constant Voltage)
Time
Maintenance
(Floating)
MPPT Solar Charging Mode
INVERTER MODEL
3KVA
5KVA
Max. PV Array Power
4000W
Nominal PV Voltage
240Vdc
PV Array MPPT Voltage Range
120~450Vdc
Max. PV Array Open Circuit Voltage
500Vdc
Max Charging Current
80Amp
(AC charger plus solar charger)
Table 4 General Specifications
INVERTER MODEL
3KVA
Safety Certification
5KVA
CE
Operating Temperature Range
-10°C to 50°C
Storage temperature
-15°C~ 60°C
Humidity
5% to 95% Relative Humidity (Non-condensing)
Dimension (D*W*H), mm
100 x 300 x 440
Net Weight, kg
9
30
10
TROUBLE SHOOTING
Problem
Unit shuts down
automatically
during startup
process.
No response after
power on.
Mains exist but the
unit works in
battery mode.
When the unit is
turned on, internal
relay is switched on
and off repeatedly.
LCD/LED/Buzzer
Explanation / Possible cause
LCD/LEDs and buzzer
will be active for 3
seconds and then
complete off.
The battery voltage is too low
(<1.91V/Cell)
1. Re-charge battery.
2. Replace battery.
No indication.
1. The battery voltage is far too
low. (<1.4V/Cell)
2. Internal fuse tripped.
1. Contact repair center for
replacing the fuse.
2. Re-charge battery.
3. Replace battery.
Input voltage is
displayed as 0 on the
LCD and green LED is
flashing.
Input protector is tripped
Check if AC breaker is tripped
and AC wiring is connected
well.
1. Check if AC wires are too
thin and/or too long.
2. Check if generator (if
applied) is working well or if
input voltage range setting is
correct. (UPSAppliance)
Change output source priority
to Utility first.
Green LED is flashing.
Insufficient quality of AC power.
(Shore or Generator)
Green LED is flashing.
Set “Solar First” as the priority of
output source.
LCD display and LEDs
are flashing
Battery is disconnected.
Check if battery wires are
connected well.
Overload error. The inverter is
overload 110% and time is up.
Reduce the connected load by
switching off some
equipment.
If PV input voltage is higher than
specification, the output power will
be derated. At this time, if
connected loads is higher than
derated output power, it will cause
overload.
Reduce the number of PV
modules in series or the
connected load.
Fault code 07
Temperature of internal converter
component is over 120°C.
Internal temperature of inverter
component is over 100°C.
Check if wiring is connected
well and remove abnormal
load.
Check whether the air flow of
the unit is blocked or whether
the ambient temperature is
too high.
Battery is over-charged.
Return to repair center.
The battery voltage is too high.
Check if spec and quantity of
batteries are meet
requirements.
Fault code 01
Fan fault
Replace the fan.
Fault code 06/58
Output abnormal (Inverter voltage
below than 190Vac or is higher
than 260Vac)
1. Reduce the connected
load.
2. Return to repair center
Fault code
08/09/53/57
Internal components failed.
Return to repair center.
Fault code 51
Over current or surge.
Fault code 52
Bus voltage is too low.
Fault code 55
Output voltage is unbalanced.
Fault code 59
PV input voltage is beyond the
specification.
Output short circuited.
Fault code 05
Buzzer beeps
continuously and
red LED is on.
What to do
Fault code 02
Fault code 03
31
Restart the unit, if the error
happens again, please return
to repair center.
Reduce the number of PV
modules in series.
Appendix: Approximate Back-up Time Table
Model
3KVA
Model
5KVA
Load (VA)
Backup Time @ 24Vdc 100Ah (min)
Backup Time @ 24Vdc 200Ah (min)
300
449
1100
600
222
525
900
124
303
1200
95
227
1500
68
164
1800
56
126
2100
48
108
2400
35
94
2700
31
74
3000
28
67
Load (VA)
Backup Time @ 48Vdc 100Ah (min)
Backup Time @ 48Vdc 200Ah (min)
500
613
1288
1000
268
613
1500
158
402
2000
111
271
2500
90
215
3000
76
182
3500
65
141
4000
50
112
4500
44
100
5000
40
90
Note: Backup time depends on the quality of the battery, age of battery and type of battery.
Specifications of batteries may vary depending on different manufacturers.
32
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