Building Code of the Philippines - Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority

Building Code of the Philippines - Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority
Building Code of the Philippines
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL PROVISIONS
SECTION 101. Title
This Decree shall be known as the “National Building Code of the Philippines” and shall
hereinafter be referred as the “Code”.
SECTION 102. Declaration of Policy
It is hereby declared to be the policy of the State of safeguard life, health, property, and public
welfare, consistent with the principles of sound environmental management and control; and to this end,
make it the purpose of this Code to provide for all buildings and structures, a framework of minimum
standards and requirements to regulate and control their location, site, design, quality of materials,
construction, use occupancy, and maintenance.
SECTION 103. Scope and Application
(a) The provisions of this Code shall apply to the design, location, sitting, construction,
alteration, repair, conversion, use, occupancy, maintenance, moving, demolition of, and addition to
public and private buildings and structures, except traditional indigenous family dwellings as defined
herein.
(b) Buildings and/or structures constructed before the approval of this Code shall not be affected
except when alterations, additions, conversions or repairs are to be made therein in which case, this
Code shall apply only to portions to be altered, added converted or repaired.
SECTION 104. General Building Requirements
(a) All buildings or structures as well as accessory facilities thereto shall conform in all respects
to the principles of safe construction and must be suited to the purpose for which they are designed.
(b) Buildings or structures intended to be used for the manufacture and/or production of any kind
of article or product shall observe adequate environmental safeguards.
(c) Buildings or structures and all parts thereof as well as all facilities found therein shall be
maintained in safe, sanitary and food working condition.
SECTION 105. Site Requirements
The land or site upon which will be constructed any building or structure, or any ancillary or
auxiliary facility thereto, shall be sanitary, hygienic or safe. In case of sites or buildings intended for use
as human habitation or abode, the same shall be at a safe distance, as determined by competent
authorities, from sterns or bodies of water and/or sources of air considered to be polluted; from a
volcano or volcanic site and/or any other building considered to be a potential source of fire or
explosion.
SECTION 106. Definitions
As used in this Code, the words, terms and phrases enumerated in Annex “A” hereof shall have
the meaning or definition, correspondingly provided therein.
CHAPTER 2
ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT
SECTION 201. Responsibility for Administration and Enforcement
The administration and enforcement of the provisions of this Code including the imposition of
the penalties for administrative violations thereof is hereby vested in the Secretary of Public Works,
Transportation and Communications, hereinafter referred to as the “Secretary”.
SECTION 202. Technical Staff
The Secretary is hereby authorized to constitute and provide in his Department a professional
staff composed of highly qualified architects, engineers and technicians who possess diversified and
professional experience in the field of building design and construction.
SECTION 203. General Powers and Functions of the Secretary under this Code
For purposes of carrying out the provisions of this Code, the Secretary shall exercise the
following general powers and functions:
(1) Formulate policies, plans, standards, and guidelines on building design, construction, use,
occupancy and maintenance, in accordance with this Code.
(2) Issue and promulgate policies, plans, standards and guidelines formulated under paragraph 1
of this Section.
(3) Evaluate, review, approve and/or take final action on changes and/or amendments to existing
Referral Codes as well as on the incorporation of other referral codes which are not yet expressly made
part of this Code.
(4) Prescribe and fix the amount of fees and other charges that the Building Official shall collect
in connection with the performance of regulatory functions.
SECTION 204. Professional and Technical Assistance
The Secretary with the assistance of his technical staff shall proved such professional, technical,
scientific and other services including testing laboratories and facilities as may be required to carry out
the provisions of this code; Provided that the Secretary may secure such services as he may deem
necessary from other agencies of the National Government and may make arrangement for the
compensation of such services. He may also engage and compensate within appropriations available
therefor, the services of such number of consultants, experts and advisers on full or part-time basis, as
may be necessary, coming from the government or private businesses, entities or associations to carry
out the provisions of this Code.
SECTION 205. Building Officials
Except as otherwise provided herein, the Building Official shall be responsible for carrying out
the provisions of this Code in the field as well as the enforcement of orders and decisions made pursuant
thereto.
Due to the exigencies of the service, the Secretary may designate incumbent Public works
Distract Engineers, City Engineers and Municipal Engineers to act as Building Officials in their
respective areas of jurisdiction.
The designation made by the Secretary under this Section shall continue until regular positions of
Building Official are provided or unless sooner terminated for causes avoided by law or decree.
SECTION 206. Qualification of Building Officials
No person shall be appointed as a Building Official unless he possesses the following
qualifications:
1. A Filipino citizen and of good moral character.
2. A duly registered architect or civil engineer.
3. A member of good standing of a duly accredited organization of his profession for not less
than two years.
4. Has at least five years of diversified and professional experience in building design and
construction.
SECTION 207. Duties of a Building Official
In his respective territorial jurisdiction, the Building Official shall be primarily responsible for
the enforcement of the provisions of this Code as well as of the implementing rules and regulations
issued therefor. He is the official charged with the duties of issuing building permits.
In the performance of his duties, a Building Official may enter any building or its premises at all
reasonable time to inspect and determine compliance with the requirements of this Code, and the terms
and conditions provided for in the building permit as issued.
When any building work is found to be contrary to the provisions of this Code, the Building
Official may order the work stopped and prescribe the terms and/or conditions when the work will be
allowed to resume. Likewise, the Building Official is authorized to order the discontinuance of the
occupancy or use of any building or structure or portion thereof found to be occupied or used contrary to
the provisions of this Code.
SECTION 208. Fees
Every Building Official shall keep a permanent record and accurate account of all fees and other
charges fixed and authorized by the Secretary to be collected and received under this Code.
Subject to existing budgetary, accounting and auditing rules and regulations, the Building
Official is hereby authorized to retain not more than twenty percent of his collection for the operating
expenses of his office.
The remaining eighty percent shall be deposited with the city or municipal treasurer and shall
accrue to the General Fund of the city or municipality concerned.
SECTION 209. Exemption
Public buildings and traditional indigenous family dwellings shall be exempt from payment of
building permit fees.
As used in this Code, the term “traditional indigenous family dwelling” means a dwelling
intended for the use and occupancy by the family of the owner only and constructed of native materials
such as bamboo, nipa, logs, or lumber, the total cost of which does not exceed fifteen thousand pesos.
SECTION 210. Use of Income from Fees
Any provision of law to the contrary notwithstanding, the Secretary is hereby authorized to
prescribe the procedures for the use of all net income realized by the office of the Building Official from
the collection of fees and charges not exceeding twenty percent thereof in accordance with Section 208.
Such income may be used to cover necessary operating expenses including the purchase of
equipment, supplies and materials, travelling expenses, obligation expenses and sheriff’s fees and
payment of other prior years’ obligations not adequately funded, subject to existing budgetary and
auditing rules and regulations.
SECTION 211. Implementing Rules and Regulations
In the implementation of the provisions of this Code, the Secretary shall formulate necessary
rules and regulations and adopt design and construction standards and criteria for buildings and other
structures. Such standards, rules and regulations shall take effect after their publication once a week for
three consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation.
SECTION 212. Administrative Fines
For the violation of any of the provisions of this Code or any of the rules or regulations issued
thereunder, the Secretary is hereby empowered to prescribe and impose fines not exceeding ten thousand
pesos.
SECTION 213. Penal Provisions
It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation, to erect, construct, enlarge, alter, repair,
move, improve, remove, convert, demolish, equip, use, occupy, or maintain any building or structure or
cause the same to be done contrary to or in violation of any provision of this Code.
Any person, firm or corporation who shall violate any of the provisions of this Code and/or
commit any act hereby declared to be unlawful shall upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more
than twenty thousand pesos or by imprisonment of not more that two years or by both such fine and
imprisonment: Provided, that in the case of a corporation firm, partnership or association, the penalty
shall be imposed upon its officials responsible for such violation and in case the guilty party is an alien,
he shall immediately deported after payment of the fine and/or service of his sentence.
SECTION 214. Dangerous and Ruinous Buildings or Structures
Dangerous building are those which are herein declared as such or are structurally unsafe or not
provided with safe egress, or which constitute a fire hazard, or are otherwise dangerous to human life, or
which in relation to existing use, constitute a dilapidation, obsolescence, or abandonment; or which
otherwise contribute to the pollution of the site or the community to an intolerable degree.
SECTION 215. Abatement of Dangerous Buildings
When any building or structure is found or declared to be dangerous or ruinous, the Building
Official shall order its repair, vacation or demolition depending upon the degree of danger to life, health,
or safety. This is without prejudice to further action that may be taken under the provisions of Articles
482 and 694 to 707 of the Civil Code of the Philippines.
SECTION 216. Other Remedies
The rights, actions and remedies provided in this Code shall be in addition to any and all other
rights of action and remedies that may be available under existing laws.
CHAPTER 3
PERMITS AND INSPECTION
SECTION 301. Building Permits
No person, firm or corporation, including any agency or instrumentality of the government shall
erect, construct, alter, repair, move, convert or demolish any building or structure or cause the same to be
done without first obtaining a building permit therefor from the Building Official assigned in the place
where the subject building is located or the building work is to be done.
SECTION 302. Application for Permits
In order to obtain building permit, the applicant shall file an application therefor in writing and
on the prescribed form with the Office of the Building Official. Every application shall provide at least
the following information.
(1) A description of the work to be covered by the permit applied for.
(2) Description and ownership of the lot on which the proposed work is to be done as evidenced
by TCT and/or copy of the contract of lease over the lot if applicant is not the registered owner;
(3) The use of occupancy for which the proposed work is intended;
(4) Estimated cost of the proposed work.
To be submitted together with such application are at least five sets of corresponding plans and
specifications prepared, signed and sealed by duly licensed architect or civil engineer in case of
architectural plans and structural plans, by a registered mechanical engineer in case of mechanical plans,
by a registered electrical engineer in case of electrical plans and by a licensed sanitary engineer or master
plumber in case of plumbing or sanitary installation plans except in those cases exempted or not required
by the Building Official under this Code.
SECTION 303. Processing of Building Permits
The processing of building permits shall be under the overall administrative control and supervision
of the Building Official and his technical staff of qualified professionals.
In processing an application for a building permit, the Building Official shall see to it that the
applicant satisfies and conforms with approved standard requirements on zoning and land use, lines and
grades, structural design, sanitary and sewerage, environmental health, electrical and mechanical safety
as well as with other rules and regulations promulgated in accordance with provisions of this Code.
SECTION 304. Issuance of Building Permits
When satisfied that the work described in an application for building permit and the plans and
specifications submitted therewith, conform to the requirements of this Code and other pertinent rules
and regulations, the Building Official shall, within fifteen days from payment of the required fees by the
applicant, issue the building permit applied for.
The Building Official may issue a permit for the construction of only a part or portion of a
building or structure whenever the plans and specifications submitted together with the application do
not cover the entire building or structure.
Approved plans and specifications shall not be changed, modified or altered without the approval
of the Building Official and the work shall be done strictly in accordance thereto.
SECTION 305. Validity of Building Permits
The issuance of a building permit shall not be construed as an approval or authorization to the
permittee to disregard or violate any of the provisions of this Code.
Whenever the issuance of a permit is based on approved plans and specifications which are
subsequently found defective, the Building Official is not precluded from requiring permittee to effect
the necessary corrections in said plans and specifications or from preventing or ordering the stoppage of
any or all building operations being carried on thereunder which are in violation of this Code.
SECTION 306. Non-Issuance, Suspension or Revocation of Building Permits
The Building Official may order or cause the non-issuance, suspension or revocation of building
permits on any or all of the following reasons or grounds:
(a) Errors found in the plans and specifications;
(b) Incorrect or inaccurate date or information supplied;
(c) Non-compliance with the provisions of this Code or of any rule or regulation.
Notice of non-issuance, suspension or revocation of building permits shall always be made in
writing, stating the reason or grounds therefor.
SECTION 307. Appeal
Within fifteen {15} days from the date of receipt of advice of the non-issuance, suspension or
revocation of permits, the applicant/permitee may file an appeal with the Secretary who shall render his
decision within fifteen days from date of receipt of notice of appeal. The decision of the Secretary shall
be final subject only to review by the office of the President.
SECTION 308. Inspection and Supervision of Work
The owner of the Building who is issued or granted a building permit under this Code shall
engage the services of a duly licensed architect or civil engineer to undertake the full time inspection and
supervision of the construction work.
Such architect or civil engineer may or may not be the same architect or civil engineer who is
responsible for the design of the building.
It is understood however that in either case, the designing architect or civil engineer is not
precluded from conducting inspection of the construction work to check and determine compliance with
the plans and specifications of the building as submitted.
There shall be kept at the jobsite at all times a logbook wherein the actual progress of
construction including tests conducted, weather conditions and other pertinent data are to be recorded.
Upon completion of the construction, the said licensed architect or civil engineer shall submit the
logbook, duly signed and sealed, to the Building Official. He shall also prepare and submit a Certificate
of Completion of the project stating that the construction of building conforms to the provisions of this
Code as well as with the approved plans and specifications.
SECTION 309. Certificate of Occupancy
No building or structure shall be used or occupied and no change in the existing use or
occupancy classification of a building structure or portion thereof shall be made until the Building
Official has issued a Certificate of Occupancy therefor as provided in this Code.
A Certificate of Occupancy shall be issued by the Building Official within thirty (30) days if after
final inspection and submittal of a Certificate of Completion referred to in the preceding section, it is
found that the building or structure complies with the provisions of this Code.
The Certificate of Occupancy shall be posted or displayed in a conspicuous place on the premises
and shall not be removed except upon order of the Building Official.
The non-issuance, suspension and revocation of Certificates of Occupancy and the procedure for
appeal therefrom shall be governed in so far as applicable, by the provisions of Section 306 and 307 of
this Code.
CHAPTER 4
TYPES OF CONSTRUCTION
SECTION 401. Types of Construction
For purposes of this Code, all buildings proposed for construction shall be classified or identified
according to the following types:
(1) Type I - Type I buildings shall be of wood construction. The structural elements may be any
of the materials permitted by this Code.
(2) Type II - Type II buildings shall be of wood construction with protective fire-resistant
materials and one-hour fire-resistive throughout; Except, that permanent non-bearing partitions may use
fire-retardant treated wood within the framing assembly.
(3) Type III - Type III buildings shall be of masonry and wood construction. Structural elements
may be any of the materials permitted by this Code: Provided, that the building shall be one-hour fireresistive throughout. Exterior walls shall be of incombustible fire-resistive construction.
(4) Type IV - Type IV buildings shall be of steel, iron, concrete, or masonry construction.
Walls, ceilings, and permanent partitions shall be of incombustible fire-resistive construction: Except,
that permanent non-bearing partitions of one-hour fire-resistive construction may use fire-retardant
treated wood within the framing assembly.
(5) Type V - Type V buildings shall be fire-resistive. The structural elements shall be of steel,
iron concrete, or masonry construction. Walls, ceilings, and permanent partitions shall be of
incombustible fire-resistive construction.
SECTION 402. Changes in Types
No change shall be made in the type of construction of any building which would place the
building in a different sub-type or type of construction unless such building is made to comply with the
requirements for such sub-type of construction: Except, when the changes is approved by the Building
Official upon showing that the new or proposed the changes is approved by the Building Official upon
showing that the new or proposed construction is less hazardous, based on life and fire risk, than the
existing construction.
SECTION 403. Requirements on Type of Construction
Subject to the provisions of this Chapter, the Secretary shall prescribed standards for each type of
construction, and promulgate rules and regulations therefor, relating to structural framework, exterior
walls and openings, interior walls and enclosures, floors, exits and stairs construction, and roofs.
CHAPTER 5
REQUIREMENTS FOR FIRE ZONES
SECTION 501. Fire Zones Defined
Fire zones are areas within which only certain types of buildings are permitted to be constructed
based on their use or occupancy, type of construction, and resistance to fire.
SECTION 502. Buildings located in more than One Fire Zone
A building or structure which is located partly in one fire zone and partly in another shall be
considered to be in the more highly restrictive fire zone, when more than one-third of its total floor area
is located in such zone.
SECTION 503. Moved Building
Any building or structure moved within or into any fire zone shall be made to comply with all the
requirements for buildings in that fire zone.
SECTION 504. Temporary Buildings
Temporary buildings such as reviewing stands and other miscellaneous structures conforming to
the requirements of this Code, and sheds, canopies and fences used for the protection of the public
around and in conjunction with construction work, may be erected in the fire zones by special permit
from the Building Official for a limited period of time, and such buildings or structures shall becompletely removed upon the expiration of the time limit stated in such permits.
SECTION 505. Center Lines of Streets
For the purpose of this Chapter, the center line of an adjoining street or alley may be considered
and adjacent property line. Distances shall be measured at right angles to the street or alley.
SECTION 506. Restrictions on Existing Buildings
Existing buildings or structures in fire zones that do not comply with the requirements for a new
building erected therein shall not hereafter be enlarged, altered, remodeled, repaired or moved except as
follows:
(a) Such building is entirely demolished;
(b) Such building is to be moved outside the limits of the more highly restrictive Fire Zone to a
zone where the building meets the minimum standards;
(c) Changes, alterations and repairs may be made provided that in any 12-month period, the
value of the work does not excess twenty percent of the value of the existing building, and provided that,
such changes do not add additional combustible material, and do not, in the opinion of the Building
Official, increase the fire hazard;
(d) Additions thereto are separated from the existing building by fire walls, as setforth in Subsection 604 (b);
(e) Damage from fire or earthquake, typhoons or any fortuitous event may be repaired, using the
same kind of materials of which the building or structure was originally constructed, provided that, the
cost of such repair shall not exceed twenty percent of the replacement cost of the building or structure.
SECTION 507. Designation of Fire Zones
The Secretary shall promulgate specific restrictions for each type of Fire Zone. Cities and
municipalities shall be divided into such Fire Zones in accordance with local, physical, spatial
framework plans submitted by city or municipal planning and/or development bodies.
CHAPTER 6
FIRE-RESISTIVE REQUIREMENTS IN CONSTRUCTION
SECTION 601. Fire-Resistive Rating defined
Fire resistive rating means the degree to which a material can withstand fire as determined by
generally recognized and accepted testing methods.
SECTION 602. Fire-Resistive Time Period Rating
Fire-resistive time period rating is the length of time a material can withstand being burned
which may be on-hour, two-hours, three-hours, four-hours, etc.
SECTION 603. Fire-Resistive Standards
All materials of construction, and assemblies or combinations thereof shall be classified
according to their fire-retardant or flame-spread ratings as determined by general accepted testing
methods an/or by the Secretary.
SECTION 604. Fire-Resistive Regulations
The Secretary shall prescribe standards and promulgate rules and regulations on the testing of
construction materials for flame-spread characteristics, tests on fire damages, fire tests of building
construction and materials, door assemblies and tinclad fire doors and window assemblies, the
installation of fire doors and windows and smoke and fire detectors for fire protective signaling system,
application and use of controlled interior finish, fire-resistive protection for structural members, fireresistive walls and partitions, fire-resistive floor or roof ceiling, fire-resistive assemblies for protection of
openings and fire-retardant roof coverings.
CHAPTER 7
CLASSIFICATION AND GENERAL REQUIREMENT
OF ALL BUILDINGS BY USE OR OCCUPANCY
SECTION 701. Occupancy Classified
(a) Buildings proposed for construction shall be identified according to their use or the character
of its occupancy and shall be classified as follows:
(1) Group A - Residential Dwellings
Group A Occupancies shall be dwellings.
(2) Group B - Residentials, Hotels and Apartments
Group B Occupancies shall be multiple dwelling units including boarding or lodging, houses,
hotels, apartment buildings, row houses, convents, monasteries and other similar building each of which
accommodates more than 10 persons.
(3) Group C - Education and Recreation
Group C Occupancies shall be buildings used for school or day-care purposes, involving
assemblage for instruction, education, or recreation, and not classified in Group 1 or in Division 1 and 2
or Group H Occupancies.
(4)
Group D – Institutional
Group D Occupancies shall include:
Division 1 - Mental hospitals, mental sanitaria, jails, prison, reformatories, and buildings
where personal liberties of inmates are similarly restrained.
Division 2 - Nurseries for full-time care of children under kindergarten age, hospitals,
sanitaria, nursing homes with non-ambulatory patients, and similar building each accommodating more
than five persons.
Division 3 - Nursing homes for ambulatory patients, homes for children of kindergarten age
or over, each accommodating more than five person: Provided , that Group D Occupancies shall not
include building used only for private or family group dwelling purposes.
(5) Group E - Business and Mercantile
Division 1 - Gasoline filling and service stations, storage garages and boat storage structures
where no work is done except exchange of parts and maintenance requiring no open flame, welding, or
the use of highly flammable liquids.
Division 2 - Wholesale and retail stores, office buildings, drinking and dining establishments
having an occupant load of less than one hundred persons, printing plants, police and fire stations,
factories and workshops using not highly flammable or combustible materials and paint stores without
bulk handlings.
Division 3 - Aircraft hangers and open parking garages where no repair work is done except
exchange of parts and maintenance requiring no open flame, welding or the use of highly flammable
liquids.
(6) Group F – Industrial
Group F Occupancies shall included: ice plants, power plants, pumping plants, cold storage, and
creameries, factories and workshops using incombustible and non-explosive materials, and storage and
sales rooms for incombustible and non-explosive materials.
(7) Group G - Storage and Hazardous
Group G Occupancies shall include:
Division 1 – Storage and handling of hazardous and highly flammable material.
Division 2 – Storage and handling of flammable materials, dry cleaning plants using
flammable liquids; paint stores with bulk handling, paint shops and spray painting rooms.
Division 3 - Wood working establishments, planing mills and box factories, shops, factories
where loose combustible fibers or dust are manufactured, processed or generated; warehouses where
highly combustible material is stored.
Division 4 - repair garages.
Division 5 - Aircraft repair hangars.
(8) Group H - Assembly Other than Group 1
Group H Occupancies shall include:
Division 1 - Any assembly building with a stage and an occupant load of less than 1000 in the
building.
Division 2 - Any assembly building without stage and having an occupant load of 300 or
more in the building.
Division 3 - Any assembly building without a stage and having an occupant load of less than
300 in the building.
Division 4 - Stadia, reviewing stands, amusement park structures not included within Group
1 or in division 1, 2, and 3 of this Group.
(9) Group 1 - Assembly Occupant Load 1000 or More
Group 1 Occupancies shall be any assembly building with a stage and an occupant load of 1000
or
more in the building.
(10)
Group J – Accessory
Group J Occupancies shall included:
Division 1 - Private garage, carports, sheds and agricultural buildings.
Division 2 - Fences over 1.80 meters high, tanks, and towers.
(b) Other subgroupings or divisions within Groups A to J may be determined by the Secretary.
Any other occupancy not mention specifically in this Section, or about which there is any question, shall
be included in the Group which it most nearly resembles based on the existing or proposed life and fire
hazard.
SECTION 702. Change in Use
No change shall be made in the character of occupancy or use of any building which would place
the building in a different division of the same group of occupancy or in a different group of occupancies
, unless such building is made to comply with the requirements of this Code for such division or group
of occupancy or in different group of occupancies, unless such building is made to comply with the
requirements of this Code for such division or group of occupancy. The character of occupancy of
existing buildings may be changed subject to the approval of the Building Official and the building may
be occupied for purposes set forth in other Groups: Provided the new purposed use is less hazardous,
based on life and fire risk, than the existing use.
SECTION 703. Mixed Occupancy
(a)General Requirements
When a building is of mixed occupancy or used for more than one occupancy, the whole building
shall be subject to the most restrictive requirement pertaining to any of the type of occupancy found
therein except in the following:
(1) When a one-storey building houses more than one occupancy, each portion of the
building shall conform to the requirement of the particular occupancy housed therein and;
(2) Where minor accessory uses do not occupy more than ten percent of the area of any floor
or a building, nor more than ten percent of the basic area permitted in the occupancy requirements, in
which case, the major use of the building shall determine the occupancy classification.
(b) Forms of Occupancy Separation
Occupancy separations shall be vertical or horizontal or both, or when necessary, of such other
forms as may be required to afford a complete separation between the various occupancy divisions in the
building.
(c) Types of Occupancy Separation
Occupancy separation shall be classified as “One-Hour Fire Resistive”, “Two-Hour FireResistive”, “Three-Hour Fire-Resistive” and “Four-Hour Fire-Resistive.”
(1) A “One-Hour Fire Resistive Occupancy Separation” shall be of not less than three-hour
fire-resistive construction. All openings in such separation shall be protected by a fire-assembly having
a one-hour fire-resistive rating.
(2) A “Two-Hour Fire Resistive Occupancy Separation” shall be of not less than two-hour
fire-resistive construction. All openings in such separation shall be protected by a fire assembly having a
two-hourfire-resistive rating.
(3) A “Three-Hour Fire-Resistive Occupancy Separation” shall be of not less than three-hour
fire-resistive construction. All openings walls forming such separation shall be protected by a fire
assembly having a three-hour fire-resistive rating. The total width of all openings in any three-hour fireresistive occupancy separation wall in any one-storey shall not exceed 25 percent of the length of the
wall in that storey and no single opening shall have an area greater than 10.00 square meters.
all openings in floors forming a “Three-Hour Fire-Resistive Occupancy Separation” shall be protected
by vertical enclosures extending above and below such openings. The walls of such vertical enclosures
shall be of not less than two-hour fire-resistive construction, and all openings therein shall be protected
by a fire assembly having a three hour fire-resistive rating.
(4) A “Four-Hour Fire-Resistive Occupancy Separation” shall have no openings therein and
shall be of not less than four-hour fire-resistive construction.
(d) Fire Rating for Occupancy Separation
Occupancy Separations shall be provided between groups, subgroupings, or divisions of
occupancies. The Secretary shall promulgate rules and regulations for appropriate occupancy
separations in buildings of mixed occupancy; Provided, that, where any occupancy separation is
required, the minimum shall be a “One-Hour Fire-Resistive Occupancy Separation”; and where the
occupancy separation is horizontal, structural members supporting the separation shall be protected by
an equivalent fire-resistive construction.
SECTION 704. Location on Property
(a) General
No building shall be constructed unless it adjoins or has direct access to a public space, yard or
street on at least one of its sides.
For the purpose of this Section, the centerline of an adjoining street or alley shall be considered
an adjacent property line.
Eaves over required windows shall not less than 750 millimeters from the side and rear property
lines.
(b) Fire Resistance of Walls
Exterior walls shall have fire resistance and opening protection in accordance with the
requirements set forth by the Secretary. Projections beyond the exterior wall shall not exceed beyond a
point one-third the distance from an assumed vertical plance located where the fire-resistive protection
of openings is first required to the location on property whichever is the least restrictive. Distance shall
be measured at right angles from the property line. When openings in exterior walls are required to be
protected due to distance from property line, the sum of the areas of such openings in any storey shall not
exceed 50 percent of the total area of the wall in that storey.
(c) Buildings on Same Property and Buildings Containing Courts
For the purpose of determining the required wall and opening protection, buildings on the same
property and court walls shall be assumed property line from the existing building shall be the distance
to the property line for each occupancy as set forth by the Secretary: Provided, that two or more
buildings on the same property may be considered as one building if the aggregate area of such building
is within the limits of allowable floor areas for a single building, and when the buildings so considered,
house different occupancies or are of different types of construction, the area shall be that allowed for
the most restrictive occupancy or construction.
SECTION 705. Allowable Floor Areas
The allowable floor areas for one-storey building and buildings over one-storey shall not exceed
the limits prescribed by the Secretary for each occupancy groups and/or types of construction.
For purposes of this Section, each portion of a building separated by one or more area separation
walls may be considered a separate building provided the area separation walls meet the requirements
prescribed therefor by the Secretary.
SECTION 706. Allowable Floor Area Increases
The floor areas hereinabove provided may be increased in certain specific instances and under
appropriate conditions, based on the existence of public space, streets or yards extending along and
adjoining two or more sides of the building or structure subject to the approval of the Building Official.
SECTION 707. Maximum height of Buidligns
The maximum height and number of storeys of every building shall be dependent upon the
character of occupancy and the type of construction as determined by the Secretary considering
population density, building bulk, widths of streets and car parking requirements. The height shall be
measured from the highest adjoining sidewalk or ground surface: Provided, that the height measured
from the lowest adjoining surface shall not exceed such maximum height by more than 3.00 meters:
Except, that towers, spires, and steeples, erected as part of a building and not used for habitation or
storage are limited as to height only by structural design if completely of incombustible materials, or
may extend not to exceed 6.00 meters above the height limits for each occupancy group if of
combustible materials.
SECTION 708. Minimum Requirements for Group Dwellings
(a) Dwelling Location and Lot Occupancy
The dwelling shall occupy not more than ninety percent of a corner lot and eighty percent of an
inside lot, and subject to the provisions on Easements of Light and View of the Civil Code of
Philippines, shall be at least 2 meters from the property line.
(b) Light and Ventilation
Every dwelling shall be so constructed and arranged as to provide adequate light and ventilation
as provided under Section 805 to Section 811, of this Code.
(c) Sanitation
Every dwelling shall be provided with at least one sanitary toilet and adequate washing and
drainage facilities.
(d) Foundation
Footings shall be of sufficient size and strength to support the load of the dwelling and shall be at
least 250 millimeters thick and 600 millimeters below the surface of the ground.
(e) Post
The dimensions of wooden posts shall be those found in Table 708-A: Dimensions of Wooden
Posts (Annex B-1). Each post shall be anchored to such footing by straps and bolts of adequate size.
(f) Floor
The live load of the first floor shall be at least 200 kilograms per square meter and for the second
floor, at least 150 kilograms per square meter.
(g) Roof
The wind load for roofs shall be at least 120 kilograms per square meter for vertical projection.
(h) Stairs
Stairs shall be at least 750 millimeters in clear width, with a rise of 200 millimeters and a
minimum run of 200 millimeters.
(i) Entrance and Exit
There shall be at least one entrance and another one for exit.
(j) Electrical Requirements
All electrical installation shall conform to the requirements of the Philippine Electrical Code.
(k) Mechanical Requirements
Mechanical systems and/or equipment installation shall be subject to the requirement of the
Philippine Mechanical Engineering Code.
SECTION 709. Requirements for Other Group Occupancies
Subject to the provisions of this Code, the Secretary shall promulgate rules and regulations for
each of the other Group Occupancies covering: allowable construction height, and area; location on
property, exit facilities, light, ventilation, and sanitation; enclosures of vertical openings; fore
extinguishing systems; and special hazards.
CHAPTER 8
LIGHT AND VENTILATION
SECTION 801. General Requirements of Light and Ventilation
(a) Subject to the provisions of the Civil Code of the Philippines on Easements of Light and
View, and to the provisions of this part of the Code, every building shall be designed, constructed, and
equipped to provide adequate light and ventilation.
(b) All buildings shall face a street or public alley or a private street which has been duly
approved.
(c) No buildings shall be altered nor arranged so as to reduce the size of any room or the relative
area of windows to less than that provided for buildings under this Code, or to create an additional room,
unless such additional room conforms to the requirements of this Code.
(d) No building shall be enlarged so that the dimensions of the required court or yard would be
less than that prescribed for such building.
SECTION 802. Measurement of Site Occupancy
(a) The measurement of site occupancy or lot occupancy shall be taken at the ground level and
shall be exclusive of courts, yards, and light wells.
(b) Courts, yards, and light wells shall be measured clear of all projections form the walls
enclosing such wells or yards with the exception of roof leaders, wall copings, sill, or steel fire escapes
not exceeding 1.20 meters in width.
SECTION 803. Percentage of Site Occupancy
(a) Maximum site occupancy shall be governed by the use, type of construction, and height of
the building and the use, area, nature, and location of the site; and subject to the provisions of the local
zoning requirements and in accordance with the rules and regulations promulgated by the Secretary.
SECTION 804. Size and Dimensions of Courts
(a) Minimum size of courts and their least dimensions shall be governed by the use, type of
construction, and height of the building as provided in the rules and regulations promulgated by the
Secretary, provided that the minimum horizontal dimension of court shall be not less than 2.00 meters.
(b) All inner courts shall be connected to a street or yard, either by a passageway with a
minimum width of 1.20 meters or by a door through a room or rooms.
SECTION 805. Ceiling Heights
(a) Habitable rooms provided with artificial ventilation shall have ceiling heights not less than
2.40 meters measured form the floor to the ceiling; Provided that for buildings of more than one-storey,
the minimum ceiling height of the first storey shall be 2.70 meters and that for the second storey 2.40
meters and succeeding storeys shall have an unobstructed typical head-room clearance of not less than
2.10 meters above the finished floor. Above stated rooms with a natural ventilation shall have ceiling
heights not less than 2.70 meters.
(b) Mezzanine floors shall have clear ceiling height not less than 1.80 meters above and below
it.
SECTION 806. Size and Dimension of Rooms
(a) Minimum sizes of rooms and their least horizontal dimensions shall be as follows:
1. Rooms for Human Habitations - 6.00 square meters with a least dimension follows:
2. Kitchens - 3.00 square meters with a least dimension of 1.50 meters;
3. Bath and toilet - 1.20 square meters with a least dimension of 0.90 meter.
SECTION 807. Air Space Requirements in Determining the Size of Rooms
(a) School Rooms - 3.00 cubic meters with 1.00 square meter of floor area per person;
1. School Rooms - 3.00 cubic meter with 1.00 square meter of floor area per person;
2. Workshops, Factories, and Offices - 12.00 cubic meters of air space per person;
3. Habitable rooms - 14.00 cubic meters of air space per person.
SECTION 808. Window Openings
(a) Every room intended for any use, not provided with artificial ventilation system as herein
specified in this Code, shall be provided with a window or windows with a total free area of openings
equal to at least ten percent of the floor area of room, and such window shall open directly to a court,
yard, public street or alley, or open water courses.
SECTION 809. Vent Shafts
(a) Ventilation or vent shafts shall have a horizontal cross-sectional area of not less 0.10 square
meter for every meter of height of shaft but in no case shall the area be less than 1.00 square meter. No
vent shaft shall have its least dimension less than 600 millimeters.
(b) Skylights - Unless open to the outer air at the top for its full area, vent shaft shall be covered
by a skylight having a net free area or fixed louver openings equal to the maximum required shaft area.
(c) Air ducts shall open to a street or court by a horizontal duct or intake at a point below the
lowest window opening. Such duct or intake hall have a minimum unobstructed cross-sectional area of
not less than 0.30 square meter with a minimum dimension of 300 millimeters. The openings to the duct
or intake shall be not less than 300 millimeters above the bottom of the shaft and the street surface or
level of court, at the respective ends of the duct or intake.
SECTION 810. Ventilation Skylights
(a) Skylights shall have a glass area not less than that required for the windows that are replaced.
They shall be equipped with movable sashes or louvers with an aggregate net free area not less than that
required for openable parts in the window that are replaced or provided with approved artificial
ventilation of equivalent effectiveness.
SECTION 811. Artificial Ventilation
(a) Rooms or spaces housing industrial or heating equipment shall be provided with artificial
means of ventilation to prevent excessive accumulation of hot and/or polluted air.
(b) Whenever artificial ventilation is required, the equipment shall be designed and constructed
to meet the following minimum requirements in air changes:
1. For rooms entirely above grade and used for office, clerical, or administrative purposes,
or
as stores, sales rooms, restaurants, markets, factories, workshops, or machinery rooms,
not
less than three changes of air per hour shall be provided.
2. For rooms entirely above grade ad used as bakeries, hotel or restaurant kitchens, laundries
other than accessory to dwellings, and boiler rooms - not less than ten changes of air per
hour shall be provided.
3.
For auditorium and other rooms used for assembly purposes, with seats or other
accommodations - not less than 0.30 cubic meter of air per minute shall be supplied for each
person.
4. For wards and dormitories of institutional buildings - not less than 0.45 cubic meter of air
per minute shall be supplied for each person accommodated.
5.
For other rooms or spaces not specifically covered under this Section of the Code,
applicable
provisions of the Philippine Mechanical Engineering Code, shall be followed.
CHAPTER 9
SANITATION
SECTION 901. General Requirements
Subject to the provisions of Book II of the civil Code of the Philippines on Property, Ownership,
and its Modification, all buildings hereafter erected, altered, remodeled, relocated or repaired for human
habitation shall be provided with adequate and potable water supply, plumbing installation, and suitable
wastewater treatment or disposal system, storm water drainage, pest and vermin control, noise abatement
device, and such other measures required for the protection and promotion of health of persons
occupying the premises and others living nearby.
SECTION 902. Water Supply System
(a) Whenever available, the potable water requirements for a building used for human habitation
shall be supplied from existing municipal or city waterworks system.
(b) The quality of drinking water from meteoric, surface or underground sources shall conform
to the criteria set in the latest approved National Standards for Drinking Water.
(c) The design, construction and operation of deepwells for the abstraction of groundwater shall
be subject to the provisions of the Water Code of the Philippines.
(d) The design, construction and operation of independent waterworks systems of private
housing subdivisions or industrial estates shall be governed by existing laws relating to local waterworks
system.
(e) The water piping installations inside buildings and premises shall conform to the provisions
of the National Plumbing Code of the Philippines.
SECTION 903. Wastewater Disposal System
(a) Sanitary sewage from buildings and neutralized or pre-heated industrial wastewater shall be
discharged directly into the nearest street sanitary sewer main of existing municipal or city sanitary
sewerage system in accordance with the criteria set by the Code on Sanitation and the National Pollution
Control Commission.
(b) All buildings located in areas where there are no available sanitary sewerage system shall
dispose their sewage “Imhoff” or septic tank and subsurface absorption field .
(c) Sanitary and industrial plumbing installations inside buildings and premises shall conform to
the provisions of the National Plumbing Code.
SECTION 904. Storm Drainage System
(a) Rainwater drainage shall not discharge to the sanitary sewer system.
(b) Adequate provisions shall be made to drain low areas in buildings and their premises.
SECTION 905. Pest and Vermin Control
(a) All buildings with hollow and/or wood construction shall be provided with rat proofing.
(b) Garbage bins and receptacles shall be provided with ready means for cleaning and with
positive protection against entry of pest and vermins.
(c) Dining rooms for public use without artificial ventilation shall be properly screened.
SECTION 906. Noise Pollution Control
Industrial establishments shall be provided with positive noise abatement devices to tone down
the noise level of equipment and machineries to acceptable limits set down by the Department of Labor
and the National Pollution Control Commission.
SECTION 907. Pipe Materials
All pipe materials to be used in buildings shall conform to the Standard Specifications of the
Philippine Standard Council.
CHAPTER 10
BUILDING PROJECTION OVER PUBLIC STREETS
SECTION 1001. General Requirements
(a) No part of any building or structure or any of its appendages shall project beyond the
property line of the building site, except as provided in this Code.
(b) The projection of any structure or appendage over a public property shall be the distance
measured horizontally from the property line to the outermost point of the projection.
SECTION 1002. Projection into Alleys or Streets
(a) No part of any structure or its appendage shall project into any alley or street, national road or
public highway except as provided in this Code.
(b) Footings located at least 2.40 meters below grade along national roads or public highway
may project not more than 300 millimeters beyond the property line.
(c) Foundations may be permitted to encroach into public sidewalk areas to a width not
exceeding 500 millimeters; provided, that the top of the said foundations is not less than 600 millimeters
below the established grade; and provided further, that said projection does not obstruct any existing
utility such as power, communication, gas, water, or sewer lines, unless the owner concerned shall pay
the corresponding entities for the rerouting of the parts of the affected utilities.
SECTION 1003. Projection of Balconies and Appendages Over Streets
(a) The extent of any projection over an alley or street shall be uniform within block and shall
conform to the limitations set forth in Table 1003-A; Projection of Balconies and Appendages (Annex
B-2)
(b) The clearance between the established grade of the street and/or sidewalk and the lowest
under surface of any part of the balcony shall not be less than 3.00 meters.
SECTION 1004. Arcades
(a) Whenever required by existing building and zoning regulations, arcades shall be constructed
on sidewalks of streets. The width of the arcade and its height shall be uniform throughout the street
provided, that in no case, shall an arcade be less than 3.00 meters above the established sidewalk grade.
SECTION 1005. Canopies (Marquees)
(a) Definition: A canopy or marquee is a permanent roofed structure above a door attached to
and supported by the building and projecting over a wall or sidewalk. This includes any object or
decoration attached thereto.
(b) Projection and Clearance. The horizontal clearance between the outermost edge of the
marquee and the curb line shall be not less than 300 millimeters. The vertical clearance between the
pavement or ground line and the undersurface of any part the marquee shall not be less than 3.00 meters.
(c) Construction. A marquee shall be constructed of incombustible material or materials of not
less than two-hours fire-resistive construction. It shall be provided with necessary drainage facility.
(d) Location. Every marquee shall be so located as not to interfere with the operation of any
exterior standpipe connection or to obstruct the clear passage from stairway exits from the building or
the installation or maintenance of electroliers.
SECTION 1006. Movable Awnings or Hoods
(a) Definition. An awning is a movable shelter supported entirely from an exterior wall of a
building and of a type which can be retracted, folded, or collapsed against the face of a supporting
building.
(b) Projection and Clearance. The horizontal clearance between the outermost edge of the
marquee and the curb line shall be not less than 300 millimeters. The vertical clearance between the
undermost surface of the awning and the pavement or ground line shall be not less than 2.40 meters.
Collapsible awnings shall be so designated that they shall not block a required exit when collapsed or
folded.
SECTION 1007. Doors, Windows, and the like
Doors, windows, and the like less than 2.40 meters above the pavement or groundline shall not,
when fully opened or upon opening, project beyond the property line except fire exit doors.
SECTION 1008. Corner Buildings with Chaflans
(a) Every corner building or solid fence on a public street or alley less than 3.60 meters in width
shall be truncated at the corner. The face of the triangle so formed shall be at right angles to the bisector
of the angle of the intersection of the street lines; provided, that in no case, the Secretary shall determine
the size and form of the chaflan.
(b) If the building is arcaded, no chaflan is required notwithstanding the width of the public
street or alley, less than 12.00 meters.
CHAPTER 11
PROTECTION OF PEDESTRIANS DURING CONSTRUCTION DEMOLITION
SECTION 1101. General Requirements
(a) No person shall use or occupy a street, alley or public sidewalk for the performance of work
covered by a building permit except in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter.
(b) No person shall perform any work on any building or structure adjacent to a public way in
general use for pedestrian travel, unless the pedestrians are protected as specified in this Chapter.
(c) Any material or structure temporarily occupying public property, including fence, canopies,
and walkways, shall be adequately lighted, between sunset and sunrise.
SECTION 1102. Storage in Public Property
Materials and equipment necessary for work to be done under a permit when place or stored on
public property shall not obstruct free and convenient approach to and use of any fire hydrant, fire or
police alarm box, utility box, catch basin, or manhole and shall not interfere with any drainage of any
street or alley gutter.
SECTION 1103. Mixing Mortar on Public Property
The mixing of mortar, concrete, or similar materials on public streets shall not be allowed.
SECTION 1104. Protection of Utilities
All public or private utilities above or below the ground shall be protected from any damage by
any work being done under the permit. The protection shall be maintained while such work is being
done and shall not obstruct the normal functioning of any such utility.
SECTION 1105. Walkway
(a) When the Building Official authorizes a sidewalk to be fenced or closed, or in case there is
no sidewalk in front of the building site during construction or demolition, a temporary walkway of not
less than 1.20 meters wide shall be provided.
(b) The walkway shall be capable of supporting a uniform live load of 650 kilograms per square
meter. A durable wearing surface shall be provided throughout the construction period.
SECTION 1106. Pedestrian Protection
(a) Protection Required. Pedestrian traffic shall be protected by a railing on the street side when
the walkway extends into the roadway, by a railing when adjacent to excavation, and by such as set forth
in Table 1106-A: Type of Protection Required for Pedestrians (Annex B-2).
(b) Railings. Adequate railings when required shall be built substantially strong and should be at
least 1.00 meter in height.
(c) Fences. Fences shall be built of an approved material, not less than 2.40 meters in height
above grade, and be placed on the side of the walkway nearest to the building site. Fences shall enclose
entirely the building site. Openings in such fences shall be provided with doors which shall be kept
closed at all times.
(d) Canopies. The protective canopy shall have a clear height of 2.40 meters above the railway,
and shall be structurally safe. Every canopy shall have a solid fence built along its entire length on the
construction side. If materials are stored or work is done on top of the canopy, the edge along the street
shall be protected by a tight curb board not less than 300 millimeters high and a railing not less than 1.00
meter high shall be provided. The entire structure shall be designed to carry the loads imposed upon it:
Provided, that the live load shall be not less than 600 kilograms per square meter.
SECTION 1107. Maintenance and Removal of Protective Devices
(a) Maintenance. All protective devices shall be properly maintained in place and kept in good
order for the entire length of time pedestrians may be endangered.
(b) Removal. Every protective fence or canopy shall be removed within 30 days after such
protection is no longer required as determined by the Building Official.
SECTION 1108. Demolition
(a) The work of demolishing any building shall not be commenced until all the necessary
pedestrian protective structures are in place.
(b) The Building Official may require the permittee to submit plans, specifications and complete
schedule of demolition. Whenso required, no work shall be done until such plans, specifications and
schedule are approved by the Building Official.
CHAPTER 12
GENERAL DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS
SECTION 1201. General Requirements
Buildings proposed for construction shall comply with all the regulations and specifications
herein set forth governing quality, characteristics and properties of materials, methods of design and
construction, type of occupancy and classification.
All other matters relative to the structural design of all buildings and other structures not
provided for in this Chapter shall conform with provisions of the Engineering pursuant to Republic Act
Number 544, as amended, otherwise knows as the “Civil Engineering Law”.
SECTION 1202. Excavation, Foundation, and Retaining Walls
(a) Subject to the provisions of Articles 684 to 686 of the Civil Code of the Philippines on
lateral and subjacent support, the design and quality of materials used structurally in excavation,
footings, and in foundations shall conform to accepted engineering practice.
(b) Excavation and Fills
(1) Excavation or fills for buildings or structures shall be so constructed or protected that
they do
not endanger life or property.
(2) Whenever the depth of excavation for any construction is such that the thereon would
be
affected in a manner that the
stability or safety of the same is endangered, the person
undertaking or
causing the excavation to be undertaken shall be responsible for the expense of
underpinning or extending the foundation or footings of the aforementioned
property or
structure.
(3) Excavation and other similar disturbance made on public property shall, unless
otherwise excluded by the Building Official, be restored immediately to its former
condition within 48 hours from the start of such excavation and disturbances by
whosoever caused such excavation of disturbance.
(c) Footings, Foundations, and Retaining Walls
(1) Footings and foundations shall be of the appropriate type, of adequate size, and capacity
in order to safely sustain the superimposed loads under seismic or any condition of
external forces that may affect the safety or stability of the structure. It shall be the
responsibility of the architect and/or engineer to adopt the type and design of the same
in accordance with the standards set forth by the Secretary.
(2) Whenever or wherever there exist in the site of the construction an abrupt change in the
groundlevels or level of the foundation such that instability of the soil could result,
retaining walls shall be provided and such shall be of adequate design and tupe of
construction as prescribed by the Secretary.
SECTION 1203. Veneer
(a) Definition. Veneer is a nonstructural facing of brick, concrete, tile, metal, plastic, glass, or
other similar approved materials attached to a backing or structural components of the building for the
purpose of ornamentation, protection, or enclosure that may be adhered, integrated, or anchored either on
the interior or exterior of the building or structure.
(b) Design Requirements. The design of all veneer shall comply with the following:
(1) Veneer shall support no load other than its own weight and vertical dead load of
veneer immediately above.
(2)
vertical and
Surfaces to which veneer is attached shall be designed to support the additional
lateral loads imposed by the veneer.
(3) Consideration shall be given to differential movements of the supports including those
caused by temperature changes, shrinkage, creep, and deflection.
(4)
Adhered veneer and its backing shall be designed to have a bond to the supporting
elements sufficient to withstand shearing stresses due to their weights including seismic
effects on the total assemblage.
(5) Anchored veneer and its backing shall designed t o have a bond to the supporting
elements
sufficient to withstand shearing stresses due to their weights including
seismic effects on the total assemblage.
(6) Anchors supports and ties shall be non-combustible and corrosion-resistant.
SECTION 1204. Enclosure of Vertical Openings
(a) General. Vertical openings shall be enclosed depending upon the fire-resistive requirements
of a particular type of construction as set forth in this Code.
(b) Elevator Enclosures. Walls and partitions enclosing elevators and escalators shall be of not
less than the fire-resistive construction required under the types of Construction. Enclosing walls of
elevator shafts may consist of wire glass set in metal frames on the entrance side only. Elevator shafts
extending through more than two storeys shall be equipped with and approved means of adequate
ventilation to and through the main roof of the building: Provided, that in those buildings housing
Groups F and G Occupancies equipped with automatic fire-extinguishing systems throughout, enclosures
shall not be required for escalators: Provided, further that the top of the escalato opening at each storey
shall be provided with a draft curtain. Such draft curtain shall enclose the perimeter of the unenclosed
opening and shall extend from the ceiling downward at least 300 millimeters on all sides. Automatic
sprinklers shall be provided around the perimeter of the opening and within a 600 millimeters of the
draft curtain. The distance between the sprinkles shall not exceed 1.80 meters center-to-center.
(c) Other Vertical Openings. All shafts ducts, chutes, and other vertical openings not covered in
paragraph (b) above shall have enclosing walls conforming to the requirements specified under the type
of construction of the building in which they are located. In other than Group A Occupancies rubbish
and linen chutes shall terminate in rooms separated from the remainder of the building by a One-Hour
Fire-Resistive Occupancy Separation. Openings in to the chutes shall not be located in required exit
corridors or stairways.
(d) Air Ducts. Air ducts passing through a floor shall be enclosed in a shaft. The shaft shall be
as required in this Code for vertical openings. Dampers shall be installed where ducts pierce the shaft
enclosure walls. Air ducts in Group A Occupancies need not be enclosed in a shaft it conforming to the
mechanical provisions of this Code.
SECTION 1205. Floor Construction
(a) Floors shall be of such materials and construction as specified under Chapter 5 Fire Zones
and Fire-Resistive Standards and under Chapter 6 - Types of Construction.
(b) All floors shall be so framed and secured into the framework and supporting walls to form an
integral part of the whole building.
(c) The types of floor construction used shall provide means to keep the beam and girders from
lateral buckling.
SECTION 1206. Roof Construction and Covering
(a) Roof Covering. Roof covering for all buildings shall be either fire-retardant or ordinary
depending upon the fire-resistive requirements of the particular type of construction. The use of
combustible roof insulation shall be permitted in all types of construction provided it is covered with
approved roof covering applied directly thereto.
(b) Roof Trusses. All roofs shall be framed and tied into the framework and supporting walls so
as to form an integral part of the whole building. Roof trusses shall have all joints well fitted and shall
have all tension members well tightened before any load is placed in the truss. Diagonal and sway
bracing shall be used to brace all roof trusses. The allowable working stresses of materials in trusses
shall conform to this Code. Camber shall be provided to prevent sagging.
(c) Attics
(1) Access. An attic access opening shall be provided in the ceiling of the top floor of
buildings with a combustible ceiling or roof construction. The opening shall be located in a corridor or
hallway of buildings of three or more storeys in height, and readily accessible in buildings of any height.
An opening shall not be less than 600 millimeters square or 600 millimeters in diameter. The minimum
clear headroom of 800 millimeters shall be provided above the access opening. For ladder requirements,
refer to the Philippine Mechanical Engineering Code.
(2) Area Separation. Enclosed attic spaces of combustible construction shall be divided into
horizontal areas not exceeding 250 square meters by fire-resistive partitions extending from the ceiling
to the roof. Except, that where the entire attic is equipped with approved automatice fire-extinguishing
system, the attic space may be divided into areas not to exceed 750 square meters. Openings in the
partitions shall be protected by self-closing doors.
(3) Draft Stops. Regardless of the type of construction, draft stops shall be installed in
trusses roofs, between roof and bottom chords of trusses, in all buildings exceeding 2000 square meters.
Draft stops shall be constructed as for attic area separations.
(4) Ventilation. Enclosed attics including rafter spaces formed where ceilings are applied
direct to the underside or roof rafters, shall be provided with adequate ventilation protected against the
entrance of rain.
(d) Roof Drainage System
(1) Roof Drains. Roof drains shall be installed at low points of the rood and shall be
adequate in size to discharge all tributary waters.
(2) Overflow Drains and Scuppers. Where roof drains are required, adequate overflow
drains shall be provided.
(3) Concealed Piping. Roof drains and overflow drains, when concealed within the
construction of the building, shall be installed in accordance with the provisions of the National
Plumbing Code.
(4) Over Public Property. Roof drainage water from a building shall not be permitted to
flow over public property, except for Group A and J Occupancies.
(e) Flashing. Flashing and counterflashing shall be provided at the juncture of the roof and
vertical surfaces.
SECTION 1207. Stairs, Exits, and Occupant Loads
(a) General. The construction of stairs and exits shall conform to the occupant load
requirements of buildings, reviewing stands, bleachers, and grandstands,
(1) Determination of Occupant Loads. The occupant load permitted in any building or
portion thereof shall be determined by dividing the floor area assigned to that use by the unit area
allowed per occupant as determined by the Secretary.
(2) Exit Requirements. Exit requirements of a building or portion thereof used for different
purposes shall be determined by the occupant load which gives the largest number of persons. No
obstruction shall be placed in the required width of an exit except projections permitted by this Code.
(3) Posting of Room Capacity. Any room having an occupant load of more than 50 where
fixed seats are not installed, and which is used for classroom, assembly, or similar purpose shall have the
capacity of the room posted in a conspicuous place near the main exit from the room.
(4) Changes in elevation. Except in Group A Occupancies, changes in floor elevations of
less than 300 millimeters along any exit serving a tributary occupant load of 10 or more shall be by
means of ramps.
(b) Exits
(1) Number of Exits. Every building or usable portion thereof shall have at least one exit. In
all occupancies, floors above the first storey having an occupant load of more than 10 shall not have less
than two exits. Each mezzanine floor used for other than storage purposes, if greater in area than 185
square meters or more than 18.00 meters in any dimension, shall have at least two stairways to an
adjacent floor. Every storey or portion thereof, having an occupant load of 500 to 999 shall have at least
three exits. Every storey or portion thereof having an occupant load of 1000 or more shall have at least
four (4) exits. The number of exits required from any storey of a building shall be determined by using
the occupant loads of floors which exit through the level under consideration as follows: 50 percent of
the occupant load in the first adjacent storey above (and the first adjacent storey below, when a storey
below exits through the level under consideration) and 25 percent of the occupant load in the storey
immediately beyond the first adjacent storey. The maximum number of exits required for any storey
shall be maintained until egress is provided from the structures. For purposes of this Section basement
or cellars and occupied roofs shall be provided with exits as required for storeys. Floors above the
second storey, basements and cellars used for other than service of the building shall have not less than
two exits.
(2) Width. The total width or exits in meters shall not be less than the total occupant load
served divided by 165. Such width of exits shall be divided approximately equally among the separate
exits. The total exit width required from any storey of a building shall be determined by using the
occupant load of that storey plus the percentage of the occupant loads of floors which exits through the
level under consideration as follows: fifty (50) percent of the occupant load in the first adjacent storey
above (and the first adjacent storey below when a storey below exits through the level under
consideration) and twenty five percent of the occupant load in the storey immediately beyond the first
adjacent storey. The maximum exit width from any storey of a building shall be maintained.
(3) Arrangement of Exits. If only two exits are required they shall be placed a distance apart
to not less than one-fifth of the perimeter of the area served measured in a straight line between exits.
Where three or more exits are required they shall be arranged a reasonable distance apart so that if one
becomes blocked, the others will be available.
(4) Distance to Exists. No point in a building without a sprinkler system shall be more than
45.00 meters from an exterior exit door, a horizontal exit, exit passageway, or an enclosed stairway,
measured along the line of travel. In a building equipped with a complete automatic fire extinguishing
system the distance form exits may be increased to 60.00 meters.
(c) Doors. The provisions herein shall apply to every exit door serving an area having an
occupant load of more than 10, or serving hazardous rooms or areas.
(1) Swing. Exit door shall swing in the direction of exit travel when serving any hazardous
areas or when serving an occupant load of 50 or more. Double acting doors shall not be used as exits
serving a tributary occupant load of more than 100; nor shall they be used as a part of fire assembly, nor
equipped with panic hardware . A double acting door shall be provided with a view panel of not less
than 1,300 square centimeters.
(2) Type of Lock or Latch. Exit door shall be openable from the inside without the use of a
key or any special knowledge or effort: Except, that this requirement shall not apply to exterior exit
doors in a Group E or F Occupancy if there is a conspicuous, readily visible and durable sign on or
adjacent to the door, stating that the door is to remain unlocked during business hours. The locking
device must by of a type that will readily be distinguishable as locked. Flush bolts or surface bolts are
prohibited.
(3) Width and Height. Every required exit doorway shall be of a size as to permit the
installation of a door not less than 900 millimeters in width and not less than 2.00 meters in height.
When installed in exit doorways, exit doors shall be capable of opening at least 90 degrees and shall be
so mounted that the clear width of the exitway is not less than 700 millimeters. In computing the
required exit width the net dimension of the exitway shall be used.
(4) Door Leaf Width. No leaf of an exit door shall exceed 1.20 meters in width.
(5) Special Doors. Revolving, sliding, and overhead doors shall not be used as required
exits.
(6) Egress from Door. Every required exit door shall give immediate access to an approved
means of egress from the building.
(7) Change in Floor Level at Doors. Regardless of the occupant load there shall be a floor or
landing on each side of an exit door. The floor or landing shall be leveled with, or not more than 50
millimeters lower than the treshold of the doorway: Except, that in Group A and B Occupancies, a door
may open on the top step of a flight of stairs or an exterior landing provided the door does not swing
over the top step or exterior landing and landing is not more than 200 millimeters below the floor level.
(8) Door Identification. Glass doors shall conform to the requirements in Section 1805
Other exit doors shall be so marked that they are readily distinguishable from the adjacent construction.
(9) Additional Doors. When additional doors are provided for egress purposes, they shall
conform to all provisions in the following cases: Approved revolving doors having leaves which will
collapse under opposing pressures may be used in exit situations; provided; that such doors have a
minimum width if 2.00 meters or they are not used in occupancies where exits are required to be
equipped with panic hardware or at least one conforming exit door is located adjacent to each revolving
doors installed in a building and the revolving door shall not be considered to provide any exit width.
(d) Corridors and Exterior Exit Balconies. The provisions herein shall apply to every corridor
and exterior exit balcony serving as a required exit for an occupant load of more than ten.
(1) Width. Every corridor or exit balcony shall not be less than 1.10 meters in width.
(2) Projections. The required width of corridors and exterior exit balconies shall be
unobstructed: Except, that trim handrails, and doors when fully opened shall not reduce the required
width by more than 200 millimeters. Doors in any position shall not reduce the required width of the
corridor by more than one-half.
(3) Access to Exits. When more than one exit is require, they shall be so arranged to allow
going to either direction from any point in the corridor or exterior exit balcony to a separate exit, except
for dead ends permitted by this Code.
(4) Dead Ends. Corridors and exterior exit balconies with dead ends are permitted when the
dead end does not exceed 6.00 meters in length.
(5) Construction. Walls and ceiling of corrdors shall not be less than one-hour fire-resistive
construction. Provided, that this requirement shall not apply to exterior exit balconies, railings, and
corrdiors of one-storey building housing a Group E and F nor to corrdors, formed by temporary
partitions. Exterior exit balconies shall not project into an area where protected openings are required.
(6) Openings. Where corridor wall are required to be one-hour fire-resistive construction,
every interior door opening shall be protected as set forth in generally recognized and accepted
requirements for dual purpose fire exit doors. Other interior openings except ventilation louvers
equipped with approved automatic fire shutters shall be 7 millimeters thich fixed wire glass set in steel
framed. the total area of all openings other than doors, in any portion of an interior corridor wall shall
not exceed twenty-five percent of the area of the corridor wall of the room being separated from the
corridor.
(e) Stairways. Except stairs or ladders used only to access equipment, every stairway serving
any building or portion thereof shall conform to the following requirements:
(1) Width. Stairways serving an occupant load of more than 50 shall not be less than 1.10
meters. Stairways serving an occupant load of 50 or less may be 900 millimeters wide. Private
stairways serving an occupant load of less than 10 may be 750 millimeters. Trim and handrails shall not
reduce the required width by more than 100 millimeters.
(2) Rise and Run. The rise of every step in a stairway shall not exceed 200 millimeters and
the run shall not be less than 250 millimeters. The maximum variations in the height of risers and the
width of treads in any one flight shall be 5 millimeters: Except, in case of private stairways serving an
occupant load of less than 10, the rise may be 200 millimeters and the run may be 250 millimeters,
except as provided in sub-paragraph (3) below.
(3) Winding Stairways. In Group A Occupancy and in private stairways in Group B
Occupancies, winders may be used if the required width of run is provided at a point not more than 300
millimeters from the side of the stairway where the treads are narrower but in no case shall any width of
run be less than 150 millimeters at any point.
(4) Circular Stairways. Circular stairs may be used as an exit provided the minimum width
of run is not less than 250 millimeters. All treads in any one flight between landings shall have identical
dimensions within a 5 millimeter tolerance.
(5) Landings. Every landing shall be a dimension measured in the direction of travel equal
to the width of the stairway. Such dimension need not exceed 1.20 meters when the stairs has a straight
run.
Landings when provided shall not be reduced in width by more than 100 millimeters by a door when
fully open.
(6) Basement Stairways. Where a basement stairway and stairway to an upper storey
terminate in the same exit enclosure, an approved barrier shall be provided to prevent persons from
continuing on to the basements. Directional exit signs shall be provided as specified in this Code.
(7) Distance Between Landings. There shall be not more than 3.60 meters vertical distance
between landings.
(8) Handrails. Stairways shall be handrails on each side and every stairway required to be
more than 3.00 meters in width shall be provided with not less than one intermediate handrail for each
3.00 meters of required width. Intermediate handrails shall be spaced approximately equal within the
entire width of the stairway. Handrails shall be placed not less than 800 millimeters nor more than 900
millimeters above the nosing of treads, and ends of handrails shall be returned or shall terminate in
newel posts or safety terminals: Except, in the following cases: Stairways 1.10 meters or less in width
and stairways serving one individual dwelling unit in Group A or B Occupancies may have one handrail,
except that such stairway, open on one or both, sides shall have handrails provided on the open side or
side: or stairways having less than four risers need not have handrails.
(9) Exterior Stairway Protection. All openings in the exterior wall below or within 3.00
meters, measured horizontally, of an exterior exit stairway serving a building over two storeys in height
shall be protected by a self-closing fire assembly having a three-fourths hour fire-resistive rating:
Except, that openings may be unprotected when two separated exterior stairways serve an exterior exit
balcony.
(10a) Stairways Construction-Interior. Interior stairways shall be constructed as specified in
this Code. Where there is enclosed usable space under the stairs the wall and soffits of the enclosed
space shall be protected on the enclosed side as required for one-hour fire resistive construction.
(10b) Stairway Construction-Exterior. Exterior stairways shall be of incombustible material:
Except, that on Type III buildings which do not exceed two storeys in height, which are located in less
fire-restrictive Fire Zones, as well as on Type I buildings which may be of wood not less than 50
millimeters in nominal thickness. Exterior stairs shall be protected as required for exterior walls due to
location on property as specified in this Code. Exterior stairways shall not project into an area where
openings are required to be protected. Where there is enclosed usable space under stairs, the walls and
soffits of the enclosed space shall be protected on the enclosed side as required for one-hour fireresistive construction.
(11) Stairway to Roof. In every building four or more storeys in height, one stairway shall
extend to the roof unless the roof has C slope greater than 1 in 3.
(12) Headroom. Every required stairway shall have a headroom clearance of not less than
2.00 meters. Such clearance shall be established by measuring vertically from a plane parallel and
tangent to the stairway tread nosing to the soffit above all points.
(f) Ramps. A ramp conforming to the provisions of this Code may be used as an exit. The
width of ramps shall be as required for corridors.
(g) Horizontal Exit. If conforming to the provisions of this Code, a horizontal exit may be
considered as the required exit. All openings in a separation wall shall be protected by a fire assembly
having a fire-resistive rating of not less than one hour. A horizontal exit shall not lead into a floor area
having a capacity for an occupant load not less than the occupant load served by such exit. The capacity
shall be determined by allowing 0.30 square meter of net floor area perambulatory occupant and 1.90
square meters per non-ambulatory occupant. The dispersal area into which the horizontal exit leads shall
be provided with exits as required by this Code.
(h) Exit Enclosures. Every interior stairway, ramp, or escalator shall be enclosed as specified in
this Code: Except, that in other than Group D Occupancies, an enclosure will not be required for
stairway, ramp, or escalator serving only one adjacent floor and not connected with corridors or
stairways serving other floors. Stairs in Group A Occupancies need not be enclosed.
(1) Enclosure walls shall not be less than two-hour fire-resistive construction. There shall be
no openings into exit enclosures except exit doorways and openings in exterior walls. All exit doors in
an exit enclosure shall be appropriately protected.
(2) Stairway and ramp enclosures shall include landings and parts of floors connecting
stairway flights and shall include a corridor on the ground floor leading from the stairway to the exterior
of the building. Enclosed corridors or passageways are not required for uneclosed stairways.
(3) A stairway in an exit enclosure shall not continue below the grade level exit unless an
approved barrier is provided at the ground floor level to prevent persons from accidentally continuing
into the basement.
(4) There shall be no enclosed usable space under stairways in an exit enclosure, nor shall
the open space under such stairways be used for any purpose.
(i) Smokeproof Enclosures
A smoleproof enclosure shall consist of a vestibule and a continuous stairway enclosed from the
highest point by walls of two-hour fire-resistive construction. In buildings five storeys or more in
height, one of the required exits shall be a smokeproof enclosure.
(1) Stairs in smokeproof enclosures shall be of incombustible construction.
(2) There shall be no openings in smokeproof enclosures, except exit doorways and openings
in exterior walls. There shall be no openings directly into the interior of the building. Access shall be
through a vestibule with one wall at least fifty percent open to the exterior and having an exit door from
the interior of the building and an exit door leading to the smokeproof enclosure. In lieu of a vestible,
access may be by way of an open exterior balcony of incombustible materials.
(3) The opening from the building to the vestibule or balcony shall be protected with a selfclosing fire assembly having one-hour fire-resistive rating. The opening from the vestibule or balcony to
the stair tower shall be protected by a self-closing fire assembly having a one-hour fire-resistive rating.
(4) A smokeproof enclosure shall exit into a publci way or into an exit passageway leading
to a public way. The exit passageway shall be without other openings and shall have walls, floors, and
ceiling of two-hour fire-resistance.
(5) A stairway in a smokeproof enclosure shall not continue below the grade level exit unless
an approved barrier is provided at a ground floor level to prevent persons from accidentally walking into
the basement.
(j) Exit Outlets, Courts, and Passageways
Every exit shall discharge into a public way, exit court, or exit passageway. Every exit court
shall discharge into a public way or an exit passageway. Passageways shall be without openings other
than required exits and shall have walls, floors, and ceilings of the same period of fire-resistance as the
walls floors and ceilings of the building but shall not be less than one-hour fire-resistive construction.
(1) Width
Every exit court and exit passageways shall be at least as wide as the required total width of the
tributary exits, such required width being based on the occupant load served. The required width of exit
courts or exit passageways shall be unobstructed except as permitted in corridors. At any point where
the width of an exit court is reduced from any cause, the reduction in width shall be affected gradually by
a guardrail at least 900 millimeters in height. The guardrail shall make an angle of not more than 30
degrees with the axis of the exit court.
(2) Slope
The slope of exit courts shall not exceed 1 in 10. The slope of exit passageway shall not exceed
1 in 8.
(3) Number of Exits
Every exit court shall be provided with exits as required in this Code.
(4) Openings
All openings into an exit court less than 3.00 meters wide shall be protected by fire assemblies
having not less than three-fourth hour fire-resistive rating. Except, that openings more than 3.00 meters
above the floor of the exit court may be unprotected.
(k) Exit Signs and Illuminations
Exits shall be illuminated at any time the building is occupied with lights having an intensity of
not less than 10.7 lux at floor level: Except, that for Group A Occupancies, the exit illumination shall be
provided with separate circuits or separated sources of power (but not necessarily separate from exit
signs when these are required for exit sign illumination).
(l) Aisles
Every portion of every building in which are installed seats, tables, merchandise, equipment, or
similar materials shall be provided with aisles leading to an exit.
(1) Width
Every aisle shall be not less than 800 millimeters wide if serving only one side, and not less than
1 meter wide if serving both sides. Such minimum width shall be measured at the point farthest from an
exit, cross aisle, or foyer and shall be increased by 30 millimeters for every meter in length towards the
exit, cross aisle or foyer.
Side aisles shall not be less than 1.10 meters in width.
(2) Exit Distance
In areas occupied by seats and Groups H and I Occupancies without seats, the line of travel to an
exit door by an aisle shall be not more than 45.00 meters. With standard spacing, as specified in this
Code, aisles shall be so located that there will be not more than seven seats between the wall and an aisle
and not more than fourteen seats between aisles. The number of seats between aisles may be increased
to 30 where exist doors are provided along each side aisle of the row of seats at the rate of one pair of
exit doors for every five rows of seats, provided further that the distance between seats back to back is at
least one meter. Such exit doors shall provide a minimum clear width of 1.70 meters.
(3) Cross Aisles
Aisles shall terminate in a cross aisle, foyer, or exit. The width of the cross aisle shall be not less
than the sum of the required width of the widest aisle plus fifty percent of the total required width of the
remaining aisle leading thereto. In Groups C, H and E Occupancies, aisles shall not be provided a dead
end greater than 6.00 meters in length.
(4) Vomitories
Vomitories connecting the foyer or main exit with the cross aisles shall have a total width not
less than the sum of the required width of the widest aisles leading thereto plus fifty percent of the total
required width of the remaining aisles leading thereto.
(5) Slope
The slope portion of aisles shall not exceed a fall of 1 in 8.
(m) Seats
(1) Seat Spacing
With standard seating, the spacing of rows of seats from back-to-back shall be not less than 840
millimeters. With continental seating, the spacing of rows of unoccupied seats shall provide a clear
width measure horizontally, as follows: 450 millimeters clear for rows of 18 seats or less; 500
millimeters clear for rows of 35 seats or less; 525 millimeters clear for rows of 45 seats or less; and 550
millimeters clear for rows of 46 seats or more.
(2) Width
The width of any seat shall be not less than 450 millimeters.
(n) Reviewing Stands, Grandstands, and Bleachers
(1) Height of Stands
Stands made of combustible framing shall be limited to 11 rows or 2.70 meters in height.
(2) Design Requirements
The minimum unit live load for reviewing stands, grandstands, and bleachers shall be 500
kilograms per square meter of horizontal projection for the structures as a whole. Seat and footboards
shall be 180 kilograms per linear meter. The sway force, applied seats, shall be 35 kilograms per linear
meter parallel to the seats and 15 kilograms per linear meter perpendicular to the seats. Sway forces
need not be applied simultaneously with other lateral forces.
(3) Spacing of Seats
(3.1) Row Spacing
The minimum spacing of rows of seats measured from back-to-back shall be : 600 millimeters
for seats without backrests in open air stands; 750 millimeters for seats with backrests; and 850
millimeters between for chair seating. There shall be a space of not less than 300 millimeters between
the back of each seat and the front of the seat immediately behind it.
(3.2) Rise Between Rows
The maximum rise from one row of seats to the next shall not exceed 400 millimeters.
(3.3) Seating Capacity
For determining the seating capacity of a stand, the width of any seat shall not be less than 450
millimeters nor more than 480 millimeters.
(3.4) Number of Seats Between Aisles
The number of seats between any seat and an aisle shall not be greater than 15 for open air stands
with seats without backrests, a far open air stands with seats having backrests and seats without
backrests within building and 6 for seats with backrests in buildings.
(4) Aisles
(4.1) Aisles Required
Ailes shall be provided in all stands; Except, that aisles may be omitted when all the following
conditions exist: Seats are without backrests; the rise from row to row does not exceed 300 millimeters
per roq; the number of rows does not exceed 11 in height; the top seating board is not over 3.00 meters
above grade; and the first seating board is not more than 500 millimeters above grade.
(4.2) Obstructions
No obstruction shall be placed in the required width of any aisle or exitway.
(4.3) Stairs required
When an aisle shall have a dead end more than 16 rows in depth regardless of the number of
exits required.
(4.4) Dead End
No vertical aisle shall have a dead end more than 16 rows in depth regardless of the number of
exits required.
(4.5) Width
Aisles shall have a minimum width of 1.10 meters.
(5) Stairs and Ramps
The requirements in this Code shall apply to all stairs and ramps except for portions that pass
through the seating area.
(5.1) Stair Rise and Run
The maximum rise of treads shall not exceed 200 millimeters and the minimum width of the run
shall be 280 millimeters. The maximum variation in the width of treads in any one flight shall not be
more than 5 millimeters and the maximum variation in one height of two adjacent rises shall not exceed
5 millimeters.
(5.2) Ramp Slope
The slope of a ramp shall not exceed 1in 8. Ramps shall be roughened or shall be of approved
nonslip material.
(5.3) Handrails
A ramp with a slope exceeding 1 in 10 shall have handrails. Stairs for stands shall have
handrails. Handrails shall conform to the requirements of this Code.
(6) Guardrails
(6.1) Guardrails shall be required in all locations where the top of a seat plank is more
than 1.20 meters above the grade and at the front of stands elevated more than 600 millimeters above
grade. Where only sections of stands are used, guardrails shall be provided as required in this Code.
(6.2) Railings shall be 1.10 meters above the rear of a seat plank or 1.10 meters above the
rear of the steps in an aisle when the guardrail is parallel and adjacent to the aisle: Except, that the
height may be reduced to 900 millimeters for guardrails located in front of the grandstand.
(6.3) A midrail shall be placed adjacent to any seat to limit the open distance above the
top of any part of a seat to 250 millimeters where the seat is at the extreme end or at the extreme rear of
the bleachers or grandstand. The intervening space shall have one additional rail midway in the opening:
Except, that railings may be omitted when stands are place directly against a wall or fence giving
equivalent protection; stairs and ramps shall be provided with guardrails. Handrails at the front of stands
and adjacent to an aisle shall be designed to resist a load of 75 kilograms per linear meter applied at the
top rail. Other handrails shall be designed to resist a load of 40 kilograms per linear meter.
(7) Foot Boards
Footboards shall be provided for all rows of seats above the third row or beginning at such point
where the seating plank is more than 600 millimeters above grade.
(8) Exits
(8.1) Distance to Exit
The line of travel to an exit shall not be more than 45.00 meters. For stands with seats without
backseats this distance may be measured by direct line from a seat to the exit from the stand.
(8.2) Aisle Used as Exit
An aisle may be considered as only one exit unless it is continuous at both ends to a legal
building exit or to a safe dispersal area.
(8.3) Two Exits Required
A stand with the first seating board not more than 500 millimeters above grade of floor may be
considered to have two exits when the bottom of the stand is open at both ends. Every stand or section
of a stand within a building shall have at least two means of egress when the stand accommodates more
than 50 persons. Every open air stand having seats without backrests shall have at least two means of
egress when the stand accommodates more than 300 persons.
(8.4) Three Exits Required
Three exits shall be required for stands within a building when there are more than 300 occupants
within a stand and for open air stands with seats without backrests where a stand or section of a stand
accommodates more than 1000 occupants.
(8.5) Four Exits Required
Four exits shall be required when a stand or section of a stand accommodates more than 1000
occupants: Except, that for an open air stand with seats without backrest four exits need not be provided
unless there are accommodations for more than 3000 occupants.
(8.6) Width
The total width of exits in meters shall not be less than the total occupant load served divided by
165: Except, that for open air stands with seats without backrest the total width of exits in meters shall
be not less than the total occupant load served divided by 500 when exiting by stairs, and divided by 650
when exiting by ramps or horizontally. When both horizontal and stair exits are used, the total width of
exits shall be determined by using both figures as applicable. No exit shall be less than 1.10 meters in
width. Exits shall be located at a reasonable distance apart. When only two exits are provided, they
shall be spaced not less that one-fifth of the perimeter apart.
(9) Securing of Chairs
Chairs and benches used on raised stands shall be secured to the platforms upon which they are
placed: Except, that when less than 25 chairs are used upon a single raised platform the fasterning of
seats to the platform may be omitted. When more than 500 loose chairs are used in connection with
athletic events, chairs shall be fastened together in groups of not less than three, and shall be tied or
staked to the ground.
(10) Safe Dispersal Area
Each safe dispersal area shall have at least two exits. If more than 6000 persons are to be
accommodated within such an area, there shall be a minimum of three exits, and for more than 9000
persons there shall be a minimum of four exits. The aggregate clear width of exits from a safe dispersal
area shall be determined on the basis of not less than one exit unit of 600 millimeters for each 500
person to be accommodated and no exit shall be less than 1.10 meters in width, a reasonable distance
apart but shall be spaced not less than one-fifth of the perimeter of the area apart from each other.
(o) Special Hazards
(1) Boiler Rooms
Except in Group A Occupancies, every boiler room and every room containing an incinerator or
liquified petroleum gas or liquid fuel-fired equipment shall be provided with at least two means of
egress, one of which may be a ladder. All interior openings shall be protected as provided for in this
Code.
(2) Cellulose Nitrate Handling
Film laboratories, projection rooms, and nitro-cellulose processing rooms shall have not less than
two exits.
SECTION 1208. Skylights
(a) All skylights shall be constructed with metal frames except those for Groups A and J
Occupancies. Frames of skylights shall be designed to carry loads required for roofs. All skylights, the
glass of which is set at an angle of less than 45 degrees from the horizontal, if located above the first
storey, shall be set at least 100 millimeters above the roof. Curbs on which the skylights rest shall be
constructed of incombustible materials except for Types I or II Construction.
(b) Spacing between supports in one direction for flat wired glass in skylights shall not exceed
625 millimeters. Corrugated wired glass may have supports 1.50 meters apart in the direction of the
corrugation. All glass in skylights shall be wired glass: Except, that skylights over vertical shafts
extending through two or more storeys shall be glazed with plain glass as specified in this Code:
Provided, that wired glass may be used in ventilation equal to not less than one-eight the cross-sectional
area of the shaft but never less than 1.20 meters provided at the top of such shaft. Any glass not wired
glass shall be protected above and below with a screen constructed of wire not smaller than 2.5
millimeters in diameter with a mesh not larger than 25 millimeters. The screen shall be substantially
supported below th glass.
(c) Skylights installed for the use of photographers may be constructed of metal frames and plate
glass without wire netting.
(d) Ordinary glass may be used in the roof and skylights for greenhouses, Provided , that height
of the greenhouses at the ridge does not exceed 6.00 meters above the grade. The use of wood in the
frames of skylights will be permitted in greenhouses outside of highly restrictive Fire zone if the height
of the skylight does not exceed 6.00 meters above the grade, but in other cases metal frames and metal
sash bars shall be used.
(e) Glass used for the transmission of light, if place in floors or sidewalks, shall be supported by
metal or reinforced concrete frames, and such glass shall not be less that 12.5 millimeters in thickness.
Any such glass over 100 square centimeters in area shall have wire mesh embedded in the same or shall
be provided with a wire screen underneath as specified for skylights in this Code. All portions of the
floor lights or sidewalk lights shall be of the same strength as required for floor or sidewalk construction,
except in cases where the floor is surrounded by a railing not less than 1.10 meters in height, in which
case the construction shall be calculated for not less than roof loads.
SECTION 1209. Bays, Porches, and Balconies
(a) Walls and floors in bay and oriel windows shall conform to the construction allowed for
exterior walls and floors of the type of construction of the building to which they are attached. The roof
covering of a bay or oriel window shall conform to the requirements of the roofing of the main roof.
Exterior balconies attached to or supported by wall required to be of masonry, shall have brackets or
beams constructed of incombustible materials. Railings shall be provided for balconies, landings, or
proches which are more than 750 millimeters above grade.
SECTION 1210. Penthouses and Roof Structures
(a) Height
No penthouse or other projection above the roof in structures of other than Type V construction
shall exceed 8.40 meters above the roof when used as an enclosure for thanks or for elevators which run
to the roof and in all other cases shall not extend more than 3.60 meters in height with the roof.
(b) Area
The aggregate area of all penthouses and other roof structures shall not exceed one third of the
area of the supporting roof.
(c) Prohibited Uses
No penthouse, bulkhead, or any other similar projection above the roof shall be used for purposes
other than shelter of mechanical equipment or shelter of vertical shaft openings in the roof. A penthouse
or bulkhead used for purposes other that that allowed by this Section shall conform to the requirements
of this Code for an additional storey.
(d) Construction
Roof structures shall be constructed with walls, floors, and roof as required for the main portion
of the building except in the following cases:
(1) On Types III and IV constructions, the exterior walls and roofs of penthouses which are
1.50 meters or more from an adjacent property line may be of one-hour fire-resistive incombustible
construction.
(2) Walls not less than 1.50 meters from an exterior wall of a Type IV construction may be
of one-hour fire-resistive incombustible construction.
The above restrictions shall not prohibit the placing of flagpoles or similar structures on
the roof of any building.
(e) Towers and Spires
Towers and spires when enclosed shall have exterior walls as required for the building to which
they are attached. Towers not enclosed and which extend more than 20.00 meters above the grade shall
have their framework constructed of iron, steel, or reinforced concrete. No tower or spire shall occupy
more than one-fourth of the street frontage of any building to which it is attached and in no case shall the
base area exceed 150 square meters unless it conforms entirely to the type of construction requirements
of the building to which it is attached and is limited in height as a main part of the building. If the area
of the tower and spire exceeds 10.00 square meters on any horizontal cross section, its supporting frames
shall extend directly to the ground. The roof covering of the spires shall be as required for the main room
of the rest of the structure. Skeleton towers used as radio masts, neon signs, or advertising frames and
placed on the roof of any building shall be constructed entirely of incombustible materials when more
than 7.50 meters in height, and shall be directly supported on an incombustible framework to the ground.
No such skeleton towers shall be supported on roofs of combustible framings. They shall be designed to
withstand a wind load from any direction in addition to any other loads.
SECTION 1211. Chimneys, Fireplace, and Barbecues
(a) Chimneys
(1) Structural Design
Chimneys shall be designed, anchored, supported, reinforced, constructed, and installed in
accordance with generally accepted principles of engineering. Every chimney shall be capable of
producing a draft at the appliance not less than that required for the safe operation of the appliance
connected thereto. No chimney shall support any structural load other than its own weight unless it is
designed to act as a supporting member. Chimneys in a wood-framed building shall be anchored laterally
at the ceiling line and at each floor line which is more than 1.80 meters above grade, except when
entirely within the framework or when designed to be free standing.
(2) Walls
Every masonry chimney shall have walls of masonry units, bricks, stones, listed masonry
chimney units, reinforced concrete or equivalent solid thickness of hollow masonry and lined with
suitable liners in accordance with the following requirements:
(2.1) Masonry Chimneys for Residential Type Appliances
Masonry chimneys shall be constructed of masonry units or reinforced concrete with walls not
less than 100 millimeters thick; or of rubble stone masonry not less than 300 millimeters thick. The
chimney liner shall be in accordance with this Code.
(2.2) Masonry Chimneys for Low Heat Appliances
Masonry chimneys shall be constructed of masonry units or reinforced concrete with walls not
less than 200 millimeters thick; Except, that rubble stone masonry shall be not less than 300 millimeters
thick. The chimney liner shall be in accordance with this Code.
(2.3) Masonry Chimneys for Medium-Heat Appliances
Masonry chimneys for medium-heat appliances shall be constructed of solid masonry units of
reinforced concrete not less than 200 millimeters thick and, in addition shall be lined with not less than
100 millimeters of firebrick laid in a solid bed of fire clay mortar with solidly filled head, bed, and wall
joints, starting not less than 600 millimeters below the chimney connector entrance. Chimneys extending
7.50 meters or less above the chimney connector shall be lined to the top.
(2.4) Masonry Chimneys for High-Heat Appliances
Masonry chimneys for high-heat appliances shall be constructed with double walls of solid
masonry units or reinforced concrete not less than 200 millimeters in thickness with an air space of not
less than 50 millimeters between walls. The inside of the interior walls shall be of firebrick not less than
100 millimeters in thickness laid in a solid bed of fire clay mortar with solidly filled head, bed, and wall
joints.
(2.5) Masonry Chimneys for incinerators installed in Multi-Storey Buildings (ApartmentType Incinerators)
Chimneys for incinerators installed in multi-storey buildings using the chimney passageway as a
refuse chute where the horizontal grate area of combustion chamber does not exceed 0.80 square meter
shall have walls of solid masonry or reinforced concrete, not less than 100 millimeters thick with a
chimney lining as specified in this Code. If the great area of such an incinerator exceeds 0.80 square
meter, the walls shall not be less than 100 millimeters of firebrick except that higher than 9.00 meters
above the roof of the combustion chamber, common brick alone 200 millimeters in thickness may be
used.
(2.6) Masonry Chimneys for Commercial and Industrial Type Incinerators
Masonry chimneys for commercial and industrial type incinerators of a size designed for not
more than 110 kilograms of refuse per hour and having a horizontal grate area not exceeding 0.50 square
meter shall have walls of solid masonry or reinforced concrete not less than 100 millimeters thick with
lining not less than 100 millimeters of firebrick, which lining shall extend for not less than 12.00 meters
above the roof of the combustion chamber. If the design capacity of grate area of such an incinerator
exceeds 110 kilograms per hour and 0.80 square meter respectively, walls shall not be less than 200
millimeters thick, lined with not less than 100 millimeters of firebrick extending the full height of the
chimney.
(3) Linings
Fire clay chimney lining shall not be less than 15 millimeters thick. The lining shall extend from
200 millimeters below the lowest inlet or, in the case of fireplace, from the throat of the fireplace to a
point above enclosing masonry walls. Fire clay chimney linings shall be installed ahead of the
construction of the chimney as it is carried up, carefully bedded one on the other in fire clay mortar, with
close-fitting joints left smooth on the inside. Firebrick not less than 500 millimeters thick may be used in
place of fire clay chimney.
(4) Area
No chimney passageway shall be smaller in area than the vent connection of the appliance
attached thereto.
(5) Height
Every masonry chimney shall extend at least 600 millimeters above the part of the roof through
which it passes and at least 600 millimeters above the highest elevation of any part of a building within
3.00 meters to the chimney.
(6) Corbeling
No masonry chimney shall be corbeled from a wall more than 150 millimeters nor shall a
masonry chimney be corbeled from a wall which is less than 300 millimeters in thickness unless it
projects equally on each side of the wall. In the second storey of a two-storey building of Group A
Occupancy, corbeling of masonry chimneys on the exterior of the enclosing walls may equal the wall
thickness. In every case the corbeling shall not exceed 25 millimeters projection for each course of brick.
(7) Change in Size or Shape
No change in the size or shape of a masonry chimney shall be made within a distance of 150
millimeters above or below the roof joints or rafters where the chimney passes through the roof.
(8) Separation
When more than one passageway is contained in the same chimney, masonry separation at least
100 millimeters thick bonded into the masonry wall of the chimney shall be provided to separate
passageways.
(9) Inlets
Every inlet to any masonry chimney shall enter the side thereof and shall be of not less than 3
millimeters
thick metal or 16 millimeters refractory material.
(10) Clearance
Combustible materials shall not be placed within 50 millimeters of smoke chamber or masonry
chimney walls when built within a structure, or within 25 millimeters when the chimney is built entirely
outside the structure.
(11) Termination
All incinerator chimneys shall terminate in a substantially constructed spark arrester having a
mesh not exceeding 20 millimeters.
(12) Cleanouts
Cleanout openings shall be provided at the base of every masonry chimney.
(b) Fireplaces and Barbecues
Fireplaces, barbecues, smoke chambers, and fireplace chimneys shall be of solid masonry or
reinforced concrete and shall conform to the minimum requirements specified in this Code.
(1) Fireplace Walls
Walls of fireplaces shall not be less than 200 millimeters in thickness. Walls of fireboxes shall
not be less than 250 millimeters in thickness: Except, that where a lining of firebrick is used, such walls
shall not be less than 200 millimeters in thickness. The firebox shall not be less than 500 millimeters in
depth. The maximum thickness of joints in firebrick shall be 10 millimeters.
(2) Hoods
Metal hoods used as part of a fireplace or barbecue shall be not less than No. 18 gauge copper,
galvanized iron, or other equivalent corrosion-resistant ferrous metal with all seams and connections of
smokeproof unsoldered construction. The hoods shall be sloped at an angle of 45 degrees or less from
the vertical and shall extend horizontally at least 150 millimeters beyond the limits of the firebox. Metal
hoods shall be kept a minimum of 400 millimeters from combustible materials.
(3) Circulators
Approved metal heat circulators may be installed in fireplaces.
(4) Smoke Chamber
Front and sidewalls shall not be less than 200 millimeters in thickness. Smoke chamber back
walls shall not be less than 150 millimeters in thickness.
(5) Fireplace Chimneys
Walls of chimneys without flue lining shall not be less than 200 millimeters in thickness. Walls
of chimneys with flue lining shall not be less than 100 millimeters in thickness and shall be constructed
in accordance with the requirements of this Code.
(6) Clearance to Combustible Materials
Combustible materials shall not be placed within 50 millimeters of fireplace, smoke chamber, or
chimney walls when built entirely within a structure, or within 25 millimeters when the chimney is built
entirely outside the structure. Combustible materials shall not be placed within 150 millimeters of the
fireplace opening. No such combustible material within 300 millimeters of the fireplace opening shall
project more than 3 millimeters for each 25 millimeters clearance from such opening. No part of metal
hoods used as a part of a fireplace, barbecue or heating stoves shall be less than 400 millimeters from
combustible material. This clearance may be reduced to the minimum requirements set forth in this
Code.
(7) Area of Flues, Throats, and Dampers
The net cross-sectional area of the flue and of the throat between the firebox and the smoke
chamber of a fireplace shall not be less than the requirements to be set forth by the Secretary. Where
dampers are used, they shall be of not less than No. 12 gauge metal. When fully opened, damper opening
shall be not less than ninety percent of the required flue area. When fully open, damper blades shall not
extend beyond the line of the inner face of the flue.
(8) Lintel – Masonry over the fireplace opening shall be supported by a non-combustible
lintel.
(9) Hearth – Every fireplace shall be provided with a brick, concrete, stone, or other
approved non-combustible hearth slab at least 300 millimeters wider on each side then the fireplace
opening and projecting at least 450 millimeters therefrom. This slab shall not be less than 100
millimeters thick and shall be supported by a non-combustible material or reinforced to carry its own
weight and all imposed loads.
SECTION 1212. Fire-Extinguishing Systems
(a) Fire-Extinguishing Systems – Where required, standard automatic fire-extinguishing systems
shall be installed in the following places, and in the manner provided in this Code.
(1) In every storey, basement or cellar with an area of 200 square meters or more which is
used for habitation, recreation, dining, study, or work, and which has an occupant load of more than 20.
(2) In all dressing rooms, rehearsal rooms, workshops or factories, and other rooms with an
occupant load of more than 10 or assembly halls under Group H and I occupancies with occupant load of
more than 500, and if the next doors of said rooms are more than 30.00 meters from the nearest safe fire
dispersal area of the building or opening to an exit court or street.
(3) In all rooms used for storage or handling of photographic x-ray nitrocellulose films and
other inflammable articles.
(b) Dry Standpipes – Every building four or more stories in height shall be equipped with one or
more dry standpipes.
(1) Construction and Tests – Dry standpipes shall be of wrought iron or galvanized steel and
together with fittings and connections shall be of sufficient strength to withstand 20 kilograms per square
centimeter of water pressure when ready for service, without leaking at the joints, valves, or fittings.
Tests shall be conducted by the owner or the building contractor in the presence of a representative of
the Building Official whenever deemed necessary for the purpose of certification of its proper function.
(2) Size – Dry standpipes shall be of such size as to be capable of delivering 900 liters of or
water per minute from each of any three outlets simultaneously under the pressure created by one fire
engine or pumper based on the standard equipment available.
(3) Number Required – Every building four or more storeys in height where the area of any
floor above the third floor is 950 square meters or less, shall be equipped with at least one dry standpipe
and an additional standpipe shall be installed for each additional 950 square meters or fractional thereof.
(4) Location – Standpipes shall be located within enclosed stairway landings or near such
stairways as possible or immediately inside of an exterior wall and within 300 millimeters of an opening
in a stairway enclosure of the balcony or vestibule of a smokeproof tower or an outside exit stairway.
(5) Siamese Connections – Subject to the provisions of the subparagraph (2) all 100
millimeters dry standpipes shall be equipped with a two-way Siamese fire department connection. All
125 millimeter dry standpipes shall be equipped with a three-way Siamese fire department connection
and 150 millimeters dry standpipes shall be equipped with a four-way Siamese fire department
connections. All Siamese inlet connections shall be located on a street-front of the building and not less
than 300 millimeters nor more than 1.20 meters above the grade and shall be equipped with a clapperchecks and substantial plugs. All Siamese inlet connections shall be recessed in the wall or otherwise
substantially protected.
(6) Outlets – All dry standpipes shall extend from the ground floor to and over the roof and
shall be equipped with a 63 millimeters outlet not more than 1.20 meters above the floor level at each
storey. All dry standpipes shall be equipped with a two-way 63 millimeters outlet above the roof. All
outlets shall be equipped with gate valves.
(7) Signs – An iron or bronze sign with raised letters at least 25 millimeters high shall be
rigidly attached to the building adjacent to all Siamese connections and such signs shall read:
“CONNECTION TO DRY STANDPIPE”.
(c) Wet Standpipes – Every Group H and I Occupancy of any height, and every Group C
Occupancy of two or more storeys in height, and every Group B, D, E, F, and G Occupancy of three or
more storeys in height and every Group G and E Occupancy over 1,800 square meters in area shall be
equipped with one or more interior wet standpipes extending from the cellar or basement into the
topmost storey: Provided, that Group H buildngs having no stage and having a seating capacity of less
than 500 need not be equipped with interior wet standpipes.
(1) Construction – Interior wet standpipes shall be constructed of the same materials as those
required for dry standpipes.
(2) Size
(2.1) Interior wet standpipes shall have an internal diameter sufficient to deliver 190
liters of water per minute under 2.0 kilograms per square centimeter pressure at the hose connections.
Buildings of Group H and I Occupancy shall have wet standpipes systems capable of delivering the
required quantity and pressure from any two outlets simultaneously; for all other occupancies only one
outlet need be figured to be opened at one time. In no case shall the internal diameter of a wet standpipe
be less than 50 millimeters, except when the standpipe is attached to an automatic fir-extinguishing
system.
(2.2) Any approved formula which determine pipe sizes on a pressure drop basis may be
used to determine pipe size for wet standpipe systems. The Building Official may require discharge
capacity and pressure tests on completed wet standpipe systems.
(3) Number Required – The number of wet standpipes when required in this Code shall be so
determined that all portions of the building are within 6.00 meters of a nozzle attached to a hose 23.00
meters in length.
(4) Location – In Group H and I Occupancies shall be located as follows: one on each side of
the stage, one at the rear end of the auditorium, and one at the rear of the balcony. Where occupant loads
are less than 500 the above requirements may be waived: Provided, that portable fire-extinguishers of
appropriate capacity and type are installed within easy access from the said locations. In Group B, C, D,
E, F, and G Occupancies, the location of all interior wet standpipes shall be in accordance with the
requirement for dry standpipes: Provided, that at least one standpipe is installed to cover not more than
650 square meters.
(5) Outlets. All interior wet standpipes shall be equipped with a 38 millimeter valve in each
storey, including the basement or cellar of the building, and located not less than 300 millimeters nor
more than 1.20 meters above the floor.
(6) Threads. All those threads used in connection with the installation of such standpipes,
including valves and reducing fittings shall be uniform with that prescribed by the Secretary.
(7) Water Supply. All interior wet standpipes shall be connected to a street main not less
than 100 millimeters in diameter, or when the water pressure is insufficient, to a water tank of sufficient
size as provided in subparagraph (8). When more than one interior wet standpipe is required in the
building, such standpipe shall be connected at their bases or at their tops by pipes of equal size.
(8) Pressure and Gravity Tanks – Tanks shall have a capacity sufficient to furnish at least
1,500 liters per minute for a period not less than 10 minutes. Such tanks shall be located so as to provide
not less than 2 kilograms per square centimeter pressure at the topmost base outlet for its entire supply.
Discharge pipes from pressure tanks shall extend 50 millimeters into and above the bottom of such
tanks. All tanks shall be tested in place after installation and proved tight at a hydrostatic pressure fifty
percent in excess of the working pressure required. Where such tanks are used for domestic purposes the
supply pipe for such purposes shall be located at or above the center line of such tanks. Incombustible
supports shall be provided for all such supply tanks and not less than a 900 millimeters clearance shall
be maintained over the top and under the bottom of all pressure tanks.
(9) Fire pumps. Fire pumps shall have a capacity of not less than 1,000 liters per minute
with a pressure not less than 2 kilograms per square centimeter at the topmost hose outlet. The source of
supply for such pump shall be a street water main of not less than 100 millimeters diameter or a well or
cistern containing a one-hour supply. Such pumps shall be supplied with an adequate source of power
and shall be automatic in operation.
(10) Hose and Hose Reels – Each hose outlet of all interior wet standpipes shall be supplied
with a hose not less than 38 millimeters in diameter. Such hose shall be equipped with a suitable brass or
bronze nozzle and shall be not over 23.00 meters in length. An approved standard form of wall hose reel
or rack shall be provided for the hose and shall be located so as to make the hose readily accessible at all
times and shall be recessed in the walls or protected by suitable cabinets.
(d) Basement Pipe Inlets – Basement pipe inlets shall be installed in the first floor of every store,
warehouse, or factory where there are cellars or basements under same: Except, where in such cellars or
basements there is installed a fire-extinguishing system as specified in this Code or where such cellars or
basements are used for banking purposes safe deposit vaults, or similar uses.
(1) Material – All basement pipe inlets shall be of cast iron, steel, brass, or bronze with lids
of cast brass or bronze and shall consist of a sleeve not less than 200 millimeters in diameter through the
floor extending to and flush with the ceiling below and with a top flange, recessed with an inside
shoulder, to receive the lid and flush with the finished floor surface. The lid shall be a solid casting and
shall have a ring lift recessed on the top thereof, so as to be flushed. The lid shall have the words “FOR
FIRE DEPARTMENT ONLY, DO NOT COVER UP” cast on the top thereof. The lid shall be installed
in such a manner as to permit its removal readily from the inlet.
(2) Location. Basement pipe inlets shall be strategically located and kept readily accessible
at all times to the Fire Department.
(e) Approval – All fire-extinguishing systems, including automatic sprinklers, wet and dry
standpipes, automatic chemical extinguishers, basement pipe inlets, and the appurtenances thereto shall
meet the approval of the Fire Department as to installation and location and shall be subject to such
periodic tests as it may require.
SECTION 1213. Stages and Platform
(a) Stage Ventilators – There shall be one or more ventilators constructed of metal or other
incombustible material near the center and above the highest part of any working stage raised above the
stage roof and having a total ventilation area equal to at least five percent of the floor area within the
stage walls. The entire equipment shall conform to the following requirements:
(1) Opening Action – Ventilators shall open by string action or force of gravity sufficient to
overcome the effects of neglect, rust, dirt, or expansion by heat or warping of the framework.
(2) Glass – Glass, if used in ventilators, must be protected against falling on the stage. A
wire screen, if used under the glass, must be so placed that if clogged it cannot reduce the required
ventilating area or interfere with the operating mechanism or obstruct the distribution of water from the
automatic fire extinguishing systems.
(3) Design – Ventilators, penthouses, and supporting framework shall be designed in
accordance with this Code.
(4) Spring Actuation – Springs, when employed to actuate ventilator doors, shall be capable
of maintaining full required tension indefinitely. Springs shall not be stressed more than fifty percent of
their rated capacity and shall not be located directly in the air stream, nor exposed to elements.
(5) Location of Fusible Links – A fusible link shall be placed in the cable control system on
the underside of the ventilator at or above the roof line or as approved by the Building Official, and shall
be so located as not to be affected by the operation of fire-extinguishing systems.
(6) Control – Remote, manual, or electrical control shall provide for both opening and
closing of the ventilator doors for periodic testing and shall be located at a point on the stage designated
by the Building Official. When remote control of ventilator is electrical, power failure shall not affect its
instant operation in the event of the fire. Hand winches may be employed to facilitate operation of
manually controlled ventilators.
(b) Gridirons –
(1) Gridirons, fly galleries, and pin-rail shall be constructed of incombustible materials and
fire protection of steel and iron may be omitted. Gridirons and fly galleries shall be designed to support a
live load of not less than 367 kilograms per square meter. Each loft block well shall be designed to
support 373 kilograms per linear meter and the head block well shall be designed to support the
aggregate weight of all the loft block wells served. The head block well must be provided with an
adequate strongback or lateral brace to offset torque.
(2) The main counterweight sheave beam shall be designed to support a horizontal and
vertical uniformly distributed live load sufficient to accommodate the weight imposed by the total
number of loft blocks in the gridiron. The sheave blocks shall be designed to accommodate the
maximum load for the loft or head blocks served with a safety factor of five.
(c) Rooms Accessory to Stage – In the building having a stage, the dressing room sections,
workshops, and storerooms shall be located on the stage side of the proscenium wall and shall be
separated from each other and from the stage by not less than a One-Hour Fire-Resistive Occupancy
Separation.
(d) Proscenium Walls – A stage shall be completely separated from the auditorium by a
proscenium wall of not less than two-hour incombustible construction. The proscenium wall shall extend
not less than 1.20 meters above the roof over the auditorium. Proscenium walls may have, in addition to
the main proscenium openings, one opening at the orchestra pit level and not more than two openings at
the stage floor level, each of which shall be not more than 2.00 square meters in area. All openings in the
proscenium wall of stage shall be protected by a fire assembly having a one and one-half-hour fireresistive rating. The proscenium opening, which shall be the main opening for viewing performances,
shall be provided with a self closing fire-resistive curtain as specified in this Code.
(e) Stage Floor – The type of construction for stage floors shall depend upon the requirements
based on the type of Occupancy and the corresponding fire-resistive requirements. All parts of the stage
floor shall be designed to support not less than 620 kilograms per square meters. Openings through the
stage floors shall be equipped with tight-fitting trap doors of wood of not less than 50 millimeters
nominal thickness.
(f) Platforms – The type of construction for platforms shall depend upon the requirements based
on the Type of Occupancy and corresponding fire-resistive requirements. Enclosed platforms shall be
provided with one or more ventilators conforming to the requirements of stage ventilators: Except, that
the total area shall be equal to five percent of the area of the platform. When more than one ventilator is
provided, they shall be so spaced as to provide proper exhaust ventilation. Ventilators shall not be
required for enclosed platforms having a floor area of 45.00 square meters or less.
(g) Stage Exits – At least one exit not less than 900 millimeters wide shall be provided from each
side of the stage opening directly or by means of a passageway not less than 900 millimeters in width to
a street or exit court. An exit stair no less than 750 millimeters wide shall be provided for egress from
each fly gallery. Each tier of dressing rooms shall be provided with at least two means of egress each not
less than 750 millimeters wide and all such stairs shall be constructed in accordance with the
requirement specified in this Code. The stairs required in this Sub-section need not be enclosed.
Section 1214. Motion Picture Projection Rooms
(a) General Requirements – The provisions of this Section shall apply only where ribbon type
motion picture films in excess of 22-millimeter width and electrical projection equipment are used.
Every motion picture machine using ribbon type film in excess of 22 millimeter width and electric arc
projections equipment, together with all electrical devices, rheostats, machines, and all such films
present in any Group C, I, or H Occupancy shall be enclosed in a projection room large enough to
permit the operator to walk freely on either side and back of the machine.
(b) Construction – Every projection room shall be of not less than one-hour fire-resistive
construction throughout and the walls and ceiling shall be finished with incombustible materials. The
ceiling shall be not less than 2.40 meters from the finished floor. The room shall have a floor area of not
less than 7.00 square meters and 3.50 square meters for each additional machine.
(c) Exit – Every projection room shall have at least two doorways separated by not less than onethird the perimeter of the room, each at least 750 millimeters wide and 2.00 meters high. All entrances to
a projection room shall be protected by a self-closing fire assembly having a three-fourths hour fireresistive rating. Such doors shall open outward and lead to proper exits as required in this Code and shall
not be equipped with any latch. The maximum width of such door shall be 750 millimeters.
(d) Ports and Openings – Ports in projection room walls shall be of three kind: projection ports;
observation ports; and combination ports used for both observation and for stereopticon, spot or
floodlight machines.
(1) Ports Required – There shall be provided for each motion picture projector not more than
one projection port, which shall be limited in an area to 750 square centimeters, and not more than one
observation port, which shall be limited in area to 1,300 square centimeters. There shall be not more than
three combination ports, each of which shall not exceed 750 millimeters by 600 millimeters. Each port
opening shall be completely covered with a pane of glass: Except, that when acetate safety film is used,
projection ports may be increased in size to an area not to exceed 4,500 square centimeters.
(2) Shutters – Each port and every other opening in projection room walls, including, any
fresh-air inlets but excluding exit doors and exhaust ducts, shall be provided with a shutter of not less
than 2.4 millimeters thick sheet metal or its equivalent large enough to overlap at least 25 millimeters on
all sides of such openings. Shutters shall be arranged to slide without binding in guides constructed of
material equal to the shutters in strength and fire-resistance. Each shutter shall be equipped with a 74°
fusible link, which when fused by heat will cause closure of the shutter by gravity. Shutters of a size
greater than 1,300 square centimeters shall be equipped with a counter-balance. There shall also be a
fusible link located over the upper magazine of each projector, which upon operating, will close all the
shutters simultaneously from any projector head and from a point within the projection room near each
exit door. Shutters on openings not in use shall be kept closed: Except, that shutters may be omitted
when only acetate safety film is used.
(e) Ventilation –
(1) Inlet – A fresh-air inlet from the exterior of the building not less than 900 square
centimeters and protected with wire netting, shall be installed within 50 millimeters of the floor in every
projection room, the source of which shall be remote from other outside vents or flues.
(2) Outlets – Ventilation shall be provided by one or more mechanical exhaust systems which
shall draw air from each arc lamp housing to out-doors either directly or through an incombustible flue
used for no other purpose. Exhaust capacity shall not be less than 0.50 cubic meter nor more than 1.40
cubic meter per minute for each arc lamp plus 5.60 cubic meters for the room itself. Systems shall be
controlled from within the enclosure and shall have pilot lights to indicate operation. The exhaust
systems serving the projection room may be extended to cover rooms associated therewith such as
rewind rooms. No dampers shall be installed in such exhaust systems. Ventilation of these rooms shall
not be connected in any way with ventilating or air-conditioning systems serving other portions of the
building. Exhaust ducts shall be of incombustible material and shall either be kept 25 millimeters from
combustible material or covered with 10 millimeters of incombustible heat-insulating material.
(f) Regulation of Equipment – All shelves, fixtures, and fixed equipment in a projection room
shall be constructed of incombustible materials. All films not in actual use shall be stored in metal
cabinets having individual compartments for reels or shall be in generally accepted shipping containers.
No solder shall be used in the construction of such cabinets .
SECTION 1215. Lathing, Plastering, and Installation of Wall Boards
The installation of lath, plaster and gypsum wall shall conform to the fire-resistive rating
requirements and the type of construction of building.
CHAPTER 13
ELECTRICAL AND MECHANICAL REGULATIONS
SECTION 1301. Electrical Regulations
All electrical systems, equipment and installation mentioned in this Code shall conform to the
provisions of the Philippine Electrical Code, as adopted by the Board of Electrical Engineering pursuant
to Republic Act No. 184 otherwise known as the Electrical Engineering Law.
SECTION 1302. Mechanical Regulations
All mechanical systems, equipment and installations mentioned in this Code shall conform to the
provisions of the Philippine Mechanical Engineering Code, as adopted by the Board of Mechanical
Engineering pursuant to Commonwealth Act No. 294 as amended, otherwise known as the Mechanical
Engineering Law.
CHAPTER 14
PHOTOGRAPHIC AND X-RAY FILMS
SECTION 1401. Storage and Handling
(a) Storage rooms of unexposed photographic and x-ray films shall be provided with automatic
fire extinguishing systems in the following cases:
(1) When unexposed films in generally accepted safety shipping containers exceed the aggregate
of 14.00 cubic meters.
(2) Where shelving used for storage of individual packages not in said shipping containers
exceeds 1.40 cubic meters in capacity; and
(3) Storage is not in generally accepted safety shipping containers in any section not exceeding
14.00 cubic meters.
(b) Film negatives in storage or in process of handling shall be kept in heavy Manila envelopes,
not exceeding 12 films to an envelope. Expanding envelopes shall not be used.
(c) Film negatives shall be kept in properly insulated vented cabinets, vented storage vaults or
outside storage houses. Not more than 110 kilograms shall be stored in any single cabinet. Where the
film stored exceeds 450 kilograms, it shall be in vented storage vaults or in a detached structure or roof
vault. Door openings in vaults shall be of four-hour fire-resistive construction and shall be kept closed
except when in use.
(d) Only incandescent electric light shall be permitted; protected with substantial wire guards or
vapor proof globes or both. Portable lights on extension cords are prohibited. Conspicuous “NO
SMOKING” signs shall be posted.
(e) No films shall be stored within 600 millimeters of steam pipes, chimneys, or other sources of
heat.
(f) There shall be first aid provisions of types using water or water solutions. Discarded films
shall be stored and handled in the same manner as other films until removed from the premises.
SECTION 1402. Classes of Film Exempted
(a) The provisions of this Section do not apply to the following: film for amateur photographic
use in original packages of “roll” and “film pack” films in quantities of less than 1.40 cubic meters;
safety film; dental X-ray film; establishments manufacturing photographic films and their storage
incidental thereto and films stored or being used in standard motion picture booths.
(b) Photographic X-ray film may be identified by the marking on the edge of the film.
SECTION 1403. Fire Extinguishing System
Unless otherwise provided in this Code, all fire extinguishing systems when so required shall be
of a type, specifications, and methods of installation as prescribed in accordance with the requirements
of the Secretary.
CHAPTER 15
PRE-FABRICATED CONSTRUCTION
SECTION 1501. Prefabricated Assembly
(a) Prefabricated assembly is a structural unit, the integral parts of which have been built up or
assembled prior to incorporation in the building.
(b) The Secretary shall prescribe special tests to determine the structural adequacy, durability,
soundness, weather and fire resistance of prefabricated assemblies.
(c) Every device or system to connect prefabricated assemblies shall be capable of developing the
strength of the different members as an integral structure, Except, in the case of members forming part of
a structural frame as specified in this Code. Anchorages and connections between members and the
supporting elements of the structure or walls shall be capable of withstanding all probable external and
internal forces or other conditions for a structurally adequate construction. In structural design, proper
allowances shall be made for any material to be displaced or removed for the installation of pipes,
conduits, or other equipment.
(d) Placement of prefabricated assemblies shall be inspected to determine compliance with this
Code.
CHAPTER 16
PLASTICS
SECTION 1601. Approved Plastics
Approved plastic materials shall be those which have a flame-spread rating of 225 or less and a
smoke density not greater than that obtained from the burning of untreated wood under similar
conditions when tested in accordance with generally accepted engineering practices. The products of the
combustion shall not be more toxic than the burning of untreated wood under similar conditions.
SECTION 1602. Installation
(a) Structural Requirements – All plastic materials shall be of adequate strength and durability to
withstand the prescribed design loads. Sufficient and substantial technical data shall be submitted to
establish stresses, maximum unsupported spans, and such other information as may be deemed necessary
for the various thickness and forms used.
(b) Fastenings – Fastenings shall be adequate to withstand design loads and internal and external
stresses required of the assembly. Proper allowances of plastic materials in conjunction with other
materials with it is assembled or integrated shall be provided.
SECTION 1603. Glazing of Openings
(a) Doors, sashes and framed openings in exterior walls of all buildings except Types IV and V
Constructions may be glazed or equipped with approved plastics: Provided, that:
(1) The wall in which such glazing is installed is so located that openings are not required to be
fire-protected.
(2) Except for Type I Construction, the location, size, and spacing of such glazed openings do
not exceed the values set forth by the Secretary.
(3) Plastics used in glazed openings for Type II Construction shall be materials appropriate for
use according to flame-spread characteristics and the location, size, and spacing of the openings do not
exceed the values set forth by the Secretary.
SECTION 1604. Skylights
(a) General – Approved plastics may be used in skylights installed on the roofs of Types I, II or
III constructions and all buildings in these categories shall be equipped with an approved automatic fireextinguishing system in Groups A, B, C, E, F, J, H-3 and H-4 Occupancies: Except, that:
(1) Approved plastics may be used in any type of construction or occupancy as a fire venting
system when approved by the Building Official.
(2) Plastics shall be used in approved skylights in Type II one-hour fire-resistive construction
which are located 300 millimeters or more above the lower flange of the ceiling. The walls of the
skylight well shall be no less fire-resistive than the adjacent ceiling.
(3) Where a fire-resistive ceiling is not required in one-storey buildings, approved plastics may
be used in skylights.
(b) Installation Requirements
(1) Except in Group A Occupancies, no skylight shall be installed within 3.00 meters of a
property line.
(2) The edges of dome-type skylights shall be properly flashed.
(3) Plastic skylights shall be separated from each other by at least 2.50 meters laterally and
3.00 meters along the slope of the roof.
(c) Allowable areas – The area of individual plastic skylights shall not exceed 10.00 square
meter. The total aggregate area of plastics used in skylights, monitors, and sawtooth glazing shall not
exceed twenty percent of the floor area of the room or occupancy sheltered.
(d) Curb Requirements – Plastic skylights in roofs having a slope less than 1 in 3 shall have a
100 millimeters high curb. The curb may be omitted where a wire screen not smaller than No. 12 U.S.
gauge with a mesh not larger than 25-millimeters is provided immediately below the skylight. The
screen shall be substantially mounted below the skylight.
SECTION 1605. Light-Transmitting Panels in Monitors and Sawtooth Roofs
(a) General – Where a fire-resistive rating is not required for the roof structure and in all
buildings provided with an approved automatic fire-extinguishing system, approved plastics may be used
with or without sash as the light-transmitting medium in monitors and sawtooth; Except, that plastics
used in monitors or sawtooth roofs of Type II Construction shall be of materials appropriate to be used
according to flame-spread characteristics.
(b) Allowable areas – The area of individual plastic glazing used in monitors and sawtooth
glazing shall not exceed 15.00 square meters. The total aggregate area of plastics used in skylights,
monitors, and sawtooth glazing shall not exceed twenty percent of the floor area of the room or
occupancy sheltered.
(c) Area Separation – The area of such plastic panels shall be separated from each other by a
section of incombustible material or by a section of the roofing material of the structure not less than
1.50 meters in length.
The lower edge of the plastic material shall be at least 150 millimeters above the surface of the adjoining
roof surface.
SECTION 1606. Plastic Light Diffusers in Ceilings.
(a) General – Ceiling light diffusers having an area greater than ten percent of any 10.00 square
meters of room area shall be of approved plastics conforming to the requirements specified in this Code.
(b) Installation – Plastic light diffusers shall be installed in such a manner that they will not
readily become detached when subjected to room temperature of 80°C for 15 minutes, Except, for
plastic light diffusers which are installed in the first floor area of Group C Occupancies having egress
directly to the exterior of the building; and plastic light diffusers which are located between an approved
automatic Fire-extinguishing system and the area to be protected other than public corridors for Group
A, B, C, D, E, G, H, and I Occupancies if tests required by the Secretary have established that such
installation will not interfere with the efficient operation of such automatic fire-extinguishing systems.
SECTION 1607. Partitions
Where partitions are not required to be of fire-resistive or incombustible construction, approved
plastics conforming to the requirements specified in this Code may be used.
SECTION 1608. Exterior Veneer
(a) General
Exterior veneer may be of approved plastic materials, and shall conform to the provisions of this
Section.
(b) Height
Plastic veneer shall not be attached to any exterior wall above the first storey: Provided, that
plastic veneer may be attached to exterior walls above the first storey of buildings located outside of
highly restrictive Fire Zones: Provided, further that the height of veneer is not in excess of 10.00 meters
above the adjacent grade of elevation.
(c) Area
Sections of plastic veneer shall not exceed 15.00 square meters in area, Except, that in less
restrictive Fire Zones, the area may be increased by fifty percent.
(d) Separation
Sections of plastic veneer shall be separated by a minimum of 1.20 meters vertically and 600
millimeters horizontally.
SECTION 1609. Awnings and Canopies
(a) Plastic materials appropriate for use according to Flame Spread characteristics may be utilizes
in awnings and canopies, provided such awnings and canopies are constructed in accordance with
provisions governing projections and appendages as specified in this Code.
(b) Approved plastics may be used in awnings where untreated canvas is permitted.
(c) Approved plastics may be used in lieu of pain glass in green-houses in less restrictive Fire
Zones.
CHAPTER 17
SHEET METAL PAINT SPRAY BOOTHS
SECTION 1701. Sheet Metal Paint Spray Booths
(a) General
Paint spray booths shall be constructed of steel of not less than No. 18 U.S. gauge in thickness and
shall be designed in accordance with this Code.
(b) Area
The area of a paint spray booth shall not exceed 150 square meters nor ten percent of the basic
area permitted for the major use of the building according to its Occupancy Group.
(c) Floor Construction
The floor shall be constructed of incombustible material.
(d) Interior Surface
Paint spray booths shall be designed to permit the free passage of exhaust air from all parts of the
interior and all interior surfaces shall be smooth and continuous without outstanding edges.
SECTION 1702. Fire Protection
Every spray booth having an open front elevation larger than 1.00 square meter and which is not
equipped with doors, shall have a fire curtain or metal deflector not less than 100 millimeters deep
installed at the upper outer edge of the booth opening.
SECTION 1703. Light
Paint spray booths shall be illuminated through hammered wire or heat-treated glass panels. The
glass panels shall be located in such a manner as to reduce the hazard of ignition caused by paint spray
deposit.
SECTION 1704. Ventilation
(a) General
Mechanical ventilation shall be provided direct to the exterior of the building. The mechanical
exhaust system shall be designed to move the air through any portion of the paint spray area at the rate of
not less than 30.00 lineal meters per minute. The blades of exhaust fans shall be constructed of nonferrous material and shall be mounted in such a manner as to prevent contact with the exhaust duct. The
motor shall not be mounted in the spray booth or the duct system and belts shall be enclosed where they
enter the booth or duct system.
(b) Exhaust Ducts
Exhaust ducts shall be constructed of steel having a thickness not less than the values set by the
Secretary. The discharge point for ducts in a paint spray booth shall be not less than 2.00 meters from
adjoining combustible construction nor less than 8.00 meters from adjoining exterior wall openings:
Except, that the discharge point for exhaust ducts is not regulated in a waterwash spray booth.
CHAPTER 18
GLASS AND GLAZING
SECTION 1801. General Requirements
(a) This Chapter shall apply to exterior glass glazing in all Occupancies except Groups A, B, and J
Occupancies not over three storeys in height, and to interior and exterior glass and glazing in all
occupancies subject to human impact as specified in this Code.
(b) Standards for materials shall conform to the provisions set by the Secretary on glass
dimensional tolerances, breaking stress levels, and design safety factors.
(c) Each light shall bear the manufacturer’s label designating the type and thickness of glass.
Each light with special performance characteristics such as laminated, heat strengthened, fully tempered
or insulated, shall bear the manufacturer’s identification showing the special characteristics and
thickness by etching or other permanent identification that shall be visible after the glass is glazed.
SECTION 1802. Area Lamination
Exterior glass and glazing shall be capable of safely withstanding the load due to wind pressures
for various height zones above ground acting inward or outward. The area of individual lights shall not
be more than the maximum allowable area of glass according to the wind load multiplied by the
appropriate adjustment factor.
SECTION 1803. Glazing
Glass firmly supported on all four edges shall be glazed with minimum laps and edge clearances
in accordance with Section 1801 paragraph (b), Provided, that glass edge clearance in fixed openings
shall be not less than what is required for wind and earthquake drift. For glass not firmly supported on
all four edges and design shall be submitted for approval of the Building Official. Glass supports shall be
considered firm when deflection of the support at design load does not exceed 1/175 of the span.
SECTION 1804. Louvered Windows
Regular plate, sheet, or patterned glass in jalousies and louvered windows shall not be thinner
than 5.6 millimeters minimal and not longer than 1.20 meters. Exposed glass edges shall be smooth.
SECTION 1805. Impact
Frameless glass doors, glass in doors, fixed glass panels, and similar glazed openings which may
be subject to accidental human impact shall conform with the requirements set forth by the Secretary on
impact loads of glass: Except in the following cases;
(1) Bathtub and shower enclosures shall be constructed from approved shatter-resistant
materials, such as: wire-reinforced glass not less than 5.6 millimeters thick; fully tampered glass not less
than 4.8 millimeters thick; or laminated safety glass not less than 6.4 millimeters thick.
(2) Glass lights located not less than 450 millimeters above the adjacent finished floor walking
surface.
(3) Glass lights when the least dimension is not greater than 450 millimeters.
(4) Glass lights 1.50 square meters or less in area.
CHAPTER 19
THE USE OF COMPUTERS
SECTION 1901. General Rule
The use of computers for all or any part of the design of buildings under this Code is permitted
provided that all programs to be used are documented.
SECTION 1902. Program Documentation
Documenting a program under this Code consists of filing with the Building Official a reference
to a publication or publications accessible to him where the detailed description of the program or a brief
statement of the theoretical background of the program including a description of the algorithms used as
found.
SECTION 1903. Submission of Computer-Generated Computations
A copy of the output sheets for computer-generated computations shall be submitted as a part of
the design computations. The out sheets shall be accompanied by a certification of a designer and/or
consultant that the output sheets are the results obtained through the use of documented programs. The
certification should include the identification of the specific program used for each portion of the
computer-generated computations being submitted.
CHAPTER 20
SIGNS
SECTION 2001. General Requirements
(a) No sign or signboard shall be erected in such a manner as to confuse or obstruct the view or
interpretation of any official traffic sign, signal, or device.
(b) No sign or signboard shall be constructed as to unduly obstruct the natural view of the
landscape, distract or obstruct the view of the public as to constitute a traffic hazard, or otherwise defile,
debase or offend aesthetic and cultural values and traditions.
SECTION 2002. Maintenance
All signs, together with all of their supports, braces, guys, and anchors, shall be kept in repair and
in proper state of preservation. The display of all signs shall be kept neatly painted and secured at all
times.
SECTION 2003. Design and Construction
Sign structures shall be designed and constructed to resist all forces in accordance with the
National Structural Code for Buildings. For signs on buildings, the dead lateral loads shall be transmitted
through the structural frame of the building to the ground in such a manner as not to overstress any of the
elements of the building. The weight of earth superimposed over footings may be used in determining
the dead load resisting moment. Such earth shall be carefully placed and thoroughly compacted.
SECTION 2004. Supports and Anchorages
(a) General. The supports and anchorages of all signs or sign structures shall be placed in or
upon private property and shall be constructed in conformity with the requirements of this Code.
(b) Materials. Materials for construction of signs or sign structures shall be of the quality and
grade as specified in this Code.
(c) Restrictions on Combustible Materials – All signs or sign structures erected in highly
restrictive Fire Zones shall have structural members of incombustible materials. Ground signs may be
constructed of any material meeting the requirements of this Code. Combination signs, roof signs, wall
signs, projecting signs, and signs on marquees shall be constructed of incombustible materials. No
combustible material other than approved plastics shall be used in the construction of electric signs.
(d) Non-structural Trim – Non-structural trim and portable display surfaces may be of wood,
metal, approved plastics, or any combination thereof.
(e) Display Surfaces – Display surfaces in all types of signs may be made of metal, glass, or
approved plastics.
SECTION 2005. Projections and Clearances
(a) Clearances from High Voltage Power Lines – Clearances of signs from high voltage power
lines shall be in accordance with the Philippine Electrical Code.
(b) Clearances from Fire Escapes, Exits, or Standpipes – No signs or sign structures shall be
erected in such a manner than any portion of its surface or supports will interfere in any way with the
free use of any fire escape, exit, or standpipe.
(c) Obstruction of Openings. No sign shall obstruct any opening to such an extent that light or
ventilation is reduced to a point below that required by this Code. Signs erected within 1.50 meters of an
exterior wall in which there are openings within the area of the sign shall be constructed of
incombustible material or approved plastics.
(d) Projection Over Alleys. No sign or sign structure shall project into any public alley below a
height of 3.00 meters above established sidewalk grade, nor project more than 300 millimeters where the
sign structure is located 3.00 meters to 4.5 meters above established sidewalk grade. The sign or sign
structure must not project more than 1.00 meter into the public alley where the sign or sign structure is
located more than 4.50 meters above established sidewalk grade.
SECTION 2006. Lighting
Signs shall be illuminated only by electrical means in accordance with the Philippine Electrical
Code.
CHAPTER 21
TRANSITORY AND FINAL PROVISIONS
SECTION 2101. Existing Building and Structures
All buildings or structures constructed under R.A. 6541 or existing city or municipal building
codes or ordinances, if legally done in accordance therewith, shall be respected subject to such
limitations established in this Code.
However, alterations, additions, conversions and/or repairs to be made in such buildings or
structures shall be subject to the provisions of this Code.
SECTION 2102. Interim Rules and Regulations
Interim rules and regulations on buildings promulgated by the Secretary before the adoption of
this Code pursuant to existing laws or decrees shall continue to have binding force and effect, when not
in conflict with the provisions of this Code.
SECTION 2103. Separability Clause
If any provision of this Decree or the application thereof is to any person or circumstance declared
unconstitutional or invalid for any reason, the same shall not affect the validity of the other provisions.
SECTION 2104. Repealing Clause
All laws, decrees, provisions of charters, executive orders, ordinances, rules and regulations or
parts thereof contrary to or inconsistent with the provisions of this Decree are hereby repealed, amended,
or modified accordingly.
SECTION 2105. Effectivity
This Decree shall take effect upon its promulgation.
Done in the City of Manila, this 19th day of February, in the year of our Lord, nineteen hundred
and seventy seven.
FERDINAND E. MARCOS
President
Republic of the Philippines
By the President:
SGD. JUAN C. TUVERA
Presidential Assistant
CERTIFIED COPY:
MELQUIADES T. DELA CRUZ CESO II
Presidential Staff Director
Malacañang Records Section
ANNEX “A”
WORDS, TERMS AND PHRASES
(Definitions)
ACCESSORIA OR ROW HOUSE
A house of not more than two storeys, composed of a row of dwelling units entirely separated from one
another by party wall or walls and with an independent entrance for each dwelling units.
ACCESSORY BUILDING
A building subordinate to the main building on the same lot and used for purposes customarily incidental
to those of the main building such as servants quarters, garage, pump house, laundry, etc.
AGRICULTURAL BUILDING
A building designed and constructed to house farm implements, hay, grain, poultry, livestock or other
horticultural products. This structure shall not be a place of human habitation or a place of employment
where agricultural products are processed, treated or packaged; nor shall it be used by the public.
ALLEY
Any public space or thoroughfare which has been dedicated or deeded to the public or public use as a
passageway with a width of not more than three meters.
ALTER OR ALTERATION
Any change, addition, or modification in construction of occupancy.
APARTMENT
A room or suite of two or more rooms, designed and intended for, or occupied by one family for living,
sleeping, and cooking purposes.
APARTMENT HOUSE
Any building or portion thereof, which is designed, built, rented, leased, let or hired out to be occupied,
or which is occupied as the home or residence of three or more families living independently of each
other and doing their own cooking in the building, and shall include flats and apartments.
ARCADE
Any portion of a building above the first floor projecting over the sidewalk beyond the first-storey wall
used as protection for pedestrians against rain or sun.
ASSEMBLY BUILDING OR HALL
A building or a portion of a building used for gathering together of fifty or more persons for such
purposes as deliberation, workshop, entertainment, amusement, or awaiting transportation or of a
hundred or more persons in drinking and dining establishments.
ATTIC STOREY
Any storey situated wholly or partly in a roof, so designed, arranged, or built as to be used for business,
storage, or habitation.
AWNING
A movable shelter supported entirely from the exterior wall of a building and of a type which can be
retracted, folded, or collapsed against the face of a supporting building.
BACKING
The surface or assembly to which veneer is attached.
BALCONY
A portion of the seating space of an assembly room, the lowest part of which is raised 1.20 meters or
more above the level of the main floor.
BALCONY EXTERIOR EXIT
A landing or porch projecting from the wall of a building, and which serves as a required means of
egress. The long size shall be at least fifty percent open, and the open area above the guardrail shall be so
distributed as to prevent the accumulation of smoke or toxic gases.
BARBECUE
A stationary open hearth or brazier, either fuel-fired or electric, used for food preparation.
BASEMENT
A portion of a building between floor and ceiling which is partly below and partly above grade but so
located that the vertical distance from the grade to the floor is less than the vertical distance from grade
to ceiling.
BAY OR PANEL
One of the intervals or spaces into which the building front is divided by columns, buttresses, or division
walls.
BOARDING HOUSE
A house with five or more sleeping rooms where boarders are provided with lodging, and meals for a
fixed sum paid by the month, or week, in accordance with previous arrangement.
BOILER ROOM
Any room containing a steam or hotwater boiler.
BUILDABLE AREA
The remaining space in a lot after deducting the required minimum open spaces.
BUILDING
Any structure built for the support, shelter, or enclosure of persons, animals, chattels, or property of any
kind.
BUILDING HEIGHT
The vertical distance from the established grade elevation to the highest point of the coping of a flat roof,
to the average height of the highest gable or a pitch or hip roof, or to the top of the parapet if the roof is
provided with a parapet. In case of sloping ground, the average ground level of the buildable area shall
be considered the established grade elevation.
BUILDING LENGTH
Its general linear dimensions usually measured in the direction of the bearing wall for girders.
BUILDING WIDTH
Its shortest linear dimensions usually measured in the direction of the floor, beams or joists.
CELLAR
The portion of a building between floor and ceiling which is wholly or partly below grade and so located
that the vertical distance from grade to the floor below is equal to or greater than the vertical distance
from grade to ceiling.
CHIMNEY CLASSIFICATIONS:
(a) RESIDENTIAL APPLIANCE TYPE
A factory-built or masonry chimney suitable for removing products of combustion from residential type
appliance producing combustion gases not in excess of 538º C measured at the appliance flue outlet.
(b) LOW-HEAT APPLIANCE TYPE
A factory-built masonry or metal chimney suitable for removing the product of combustion from fuelburning low-heat appliances producing combustion gases not in excess of 538º C under normal operating
conditions but capable of producing combustible gases of 760º C during intermittent forced firing for
periods up to one hour. All temperatures are measured at the appliance flue outlet.
(c) MEDIUM HEAT APPLIANCE TYPE
A factory built masonry or metal chimney suitable for removing the products of combustion from fuelburning medium-heat appliances producing combustion gases not in excess of 1093º C measured at the
appliance flue outlet.
CHIMNEY CONNECTOR
The pipe which connects a flue-burning appliance to a chimney.
CHIMNEY LINER
The lining materials of fire clay or other approved material.
CHIMNEY, MASONRY
The chimney of solid masonry units bricks, stones, listed hollow unit masonry units, or reinforced
concrete.
CONCRETE BLOCK
A hollow or solid concrete masonry unit made from portland cement and suitable aggregates such as
sand, gravel, crushed stone, bituminous or anthracite cinders, burned clay, pumice, volcanic scoria, air
cooled or expanded blast furnace slags.
COPING
The material or units used to form a cap of finish on top of a wall, pier, or pilaster.
CORROSION-RESISTANT
The non-ferrous metal, or any metal having an unbroken surface of non-ferrous metal, or steel with not
less than 10 percent chromium or with less than 0.20 percent copper.
CORROSION-RESISTANT MATERIAL
Materials that are inherently rust-resistant or materials to which an approved rust-resistive coating has
been applied either before or after forming or fabrication.
COURSE
A continuous horizontal layer of masonry units.
COURT
An occupied space between building lines and lot lines other than a yard; free, open, and unobstructed by
appendages from the ground upward.
DISPERSAL AREA (SAFE)
An area which will accommodate a number of persons equal to the total capacity of the stand and
building it serves, in such a manner that no person within the area need be closer than 15.00 meters from
the stand or building. Dispersal areas shall be based upon an area of not less than 0.28 square meter per
person.
DWELLING
Any building or any portion thereof which is not an “apartment house”, “lodging house”, or a “hotel” as
defined in this Code which contains on or two “dwelling units” or “guest rooms”, used, intended or
designed to be built, used, rented, leased, let or hired out to be occupied, or which are occupied for living
purposes.
DWELLING, INDIGENOUS FAMILY
A dwelling intended for the use and occupancy by the family of the owner only. It is one constructed of
native materials such as bamboo, nipa, logs, or lumber, the total cost of which does not exceed fifteen
thousand pesos.
DWELLING, MULTIPLE
A building used as a home or residence of three or more families living independently from one another,
each occupying one or more rooms as a single housekeeping unit.
DWELLING, ONE-FAMILY
A detached building designated for, or occupied exclusively by one family.
DWELLING UNIT
One or more habitable rooms which are occupied or which are intended or designated to be occupied by
one family with facilities for living, sleeping, cooking, and eating.
EXIT
A continuous and unobstructed means of egress to a public way, and shall include intervening doors,
doorways, corridors, exterior exit balconies, ramps, stairways, smokeproof enclosures, horizontal exits,
exit passageways, exit courts, and yards. An exit shall be deemed to be that point which opens directly
into a safe dispersal area or public way. All measurements are to be made to that point when determining
the permissible distance of travel.
EXIT COURTS
A yard or court providing egress to a public way for one or more required exits.
EXIT, HORIZONTAL
A means of passage from one building into another building occupied by the same tenant through a
separation wall having a minimum fire resistance of one-hour.
EXIT PASSAGEWAY
An enclosed means of egress connecting a required exit or exit court with a public way.
FACING
Any masonry, forming an integral part of a wall used as a finished surface. (as contrasted to veneer, see
definition)
FIREBRICK
A refractory brick.
FIRECLAY
A finely ground clay used as a plasticizer for masonry mortars; varies widely in physical properties.
FIREPLACE
A hearth and fire chamber or similarly prepared place in which a fire may be made and which is built in
conjunction with a chimney.
FIRE RETARDANT TREATED WOOD
Lumber or plywood impregnated with chemicals and when tested in accordance with accepted fire
standards for a period of 30 minutes shall have a flame-spread of not over 25 and show no evidence of
progressive combustion. The fire-retardant properties shall not be considered permanent when exposed
to the weather.
FIRST STOREY
The storey the floor of which is at or above the level of the sidewalk or adjoining ground, the remaining
storeys being numbered in regular succession upward.
FLOOR AREA
The area included within the surrounding exterior walls of a building or portion thereof, exclusive of
vent shafts and courts. The floor area of a building or portion thereof, not provided with surrounding
exterior walls shall be the usable area under the horizontal projection of the roof or floor above.
FOOTING
That portion of the foundation of a structure which spreads and transmits loads directly to the soil or the
pile.
FOUNDATION
All the portions of the building or structure below the footing, the earth upon which the structure rests.
GARAGE
A building or portion thereof in which a motor vehicle containing gasoline, distillate, or other volative,
flammable liquid in its tank, is stored, repaired, or kept.
GARAGE, COMMERCIAL
A garage where automobiles and other motor vehicle are housed, cared for, equipped, repaired or kept
for remuneration, hire, or sale.
GARAGE, OPEN PARKING
A structure of one or more tiers in height which is at least 50 percent open on two or more sides and is
used exclusively for the parking or storage of passenger motor vehicles having a capacity of not more
than nine persons per vehicle. Open parking garages are further classified as either ramp-access or
mechanical-access. Ramp-access, open parking garages are those employing a series of continuously
rising floors permitting the movement of vehicles under their own power from and to the street level.
Mechanical access parking garages are those employing parking machines, lifts, elevators, or other
mechanical services for vehicles moving from and to street level and in which public occupancy is
prohibited above the street level.
GARAGE PRIVATE
A building or a portion of a building in which only motor vehicles used by the tenants of the building or
buildings on the premises are stored or kept.
GIRDER
A horizontal structural piece which supports the end of the floor beams or joists or walls over opening.
GRADE (ADJACENT GROUND ELEVATION)
The lowest point of elevation of the finished surface of the ground level between the exterior wall of a
building and a point 1.50 meters distant from said wall, or the lowest point of elevation of the finished
surface of the ground between the exterior wall of a building and a property line if it is less than 1.50
meters distant from said wall. In case walls are parallel to and within 1.50 meters of a public sidewalk,
alley, or other public way, the grade shall be the elevation of the sidewalk, alley’ or public way.
GROUND FLOOR
The storey at or near the level of the grade, the other storeys, beginning with second, for the first next
above, shall be designated by the successive floor numbers counting upward.
GUEST ROOM
Any room or rooms used, or intended to be used by a guest for sleeping purposes. Every 9.30 square
meters of superficial floor area in a dormitory shall be considered to be a guest room.
HABITABLE ROOM
Any room meeting the requirements of this Code for sleeping, living, cooking or dining purposes,
excluding such enclosed spaces as closets, pantries, bath or toilet room, service rooms, connecting
corridors, laundries, unfinished attics, storage, space cellars, utility rooms, and similar spaces.
HALL, COMMON
A corridor or passageway used in common by all the occupants within a building.
HALL, STAIR
A hall which includes the stair, stair landings, and those portions of the common halls through which it
is necessary to pass in going between the entrance floor and the room.
HELIPORT
An area of land or water or a structural surface which is used, or intended for use in the landing and take
off of helicopters and any appurtenant areas which are used, or intended for use, for heliport buildings
and other heliport facilities.
HELISTOP
The same as heliport except that no refueling, maintenance, repairs, or storage of helicopters is
permitted.
HOTEL
A building or a part thereof with rooms occupied or intended to be occupied for hire as temporary
aboding place of individuals with a general kitchen and public dining room service, but no provision for
cooking in any individual suite or room.
HOTEL, APARTMENT
An apartment house which may furnish dining room service and other services for the exclusive use of
its tenants.
INCOMBUSTIBLE
As applied to building construction material, as material which, in the form it is used, is either one of the
following:
(a) Material having a structural base of incombustible material, with a surfacing material not
over 3.2 millimeters thick which has a flame-spread rating of 50 or less.
(b)
“Incombustible” does not apply to surface finish materials. Material required to be
incombustible for reduced clearance to flues, heating appliances, or other materials shall refer to
material conforming to the provisions of the Code. No material shall be classed as incombustible which
is subject to increase in combustibility or flame-spread rating beyond the limits herein established,
through the effects of age, moisture, or other atmospheric condition.
INCOMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL
When referred to as structural material, means brick, stone, terracotta, concrete, iron, steel, sheet metal,
or tiles, used either singly or in combination.
INCOMBUSTIBLE ROOFING
A covering of not less than two thickness of roofing felt and a good coat of tar and gravel or tin,
corrugated iron or other approved fire-resisting material with standing seam on lap joint.
INCOMBUSTIBLE STUD PARTITION
A partition plastered on both sides upon metal lath or wire cloth for the full height, and fire-topped
between the studs with incombustible material 20 centimeters above the floor and at the ceiling.
LINE, BUILDING
The line formed by the intersection of the outer surface of the enclosing wall of the building and the
surface of the ground.
LINTEL
The beam or girder placed over an opening in a wall, which supports the wall construction above.
LOAD, DEAD
The weight of the permanent portions of a building or structure; it includes the weight of the walls,
permanent partitions, framing, floors, roofs, and all other permanent and stationary fixtures, mechanism,
and other construction entering into and becoming a part of a building or structure.
LOAD, LATERAL
That load caused by winds, earthquakes, or other dynamic forces.
LOAD, LIVE
The weight of the contents of a building or structure; it includes all loads except dead and lateral, and
weight of temporary partitions, cases, counters, and similar equipment, and all loads imposed due to the
occupancy of the building or structure.
LOAD, OCCUPANT
The total number of persons that may occupy a building or portion thereof at any one time.
LODGING HOUSE
Any building or portion thereof, containing not more than five guest rooms which are used by not more
than five guests where rent is paid in money, goods, labor or otherwise.
LOT
A parcel of land on which a principal building and its accessories are placed or may be placed together
with the required open spaces. A lot may or may not be the land designated as lot on the recorded plot.
LOT, CORNER
A lot situated at the junction of two or more streets forming an angle of not more than one hundred
thirty-five degrees (135°).
LOT, DEPTH OF
The average horizontal distance between the front and the rear lot lines.
LOT, FRONT
The front boundary line of a lot bordering on the street and in the case of a corner lot, it may be either
frontage.
LOT, INSIDE
A lot fronting on but one street or public alley and the remaining sides bounded by lot lines.
LOT LINE
The line of demarcation between either public and private property.
LOT, OPEN
A lot bounded on all sides by street lines.
LOT, WIDTH OF
The average horizontal distance between the side lot lines.
MASONRY
A form of construction composed of stone, brick, concrete, gypsum, hollow clay tile, concrete block or
tile, or other similar building units or material or combination of these materials laid up unit and set in
mortar.
MASONRY SOLID
Masonry of solid units built without hollow spaces.
MASONRY UNIT
Brick, block, tile, stone, or other similar building unit or combination thereof, made to be bounded
together by a cementation agent.
MEZZANINE OR MEZZANINE FLOOR
A partial intermediate floor in any storey or room of a building having an area not more than one-half of
the area of the room or space in which it is constructed.
NON-CONFORMING BUILDING
A building which does not conform with the regulations of the district where it is situated as to height,
yard requirement, lot area, and percentage of occupancy.
NON-CONFORMING USE
The use of a building or land or any portion of such building or land which does not conform with the
use and regulation of the zone where it is situated.
OCCUPANCY
The purpose for which a building is used or intended to be used. The term shall also include the building
or room housing such use. Change of occupancy is not intended to include change of tenants or
proprietors.
OWNER
Any person, company, or corporation owning the property or properties under consideration or the
receiver or trustee thereof.
PANIC HARDWARE
A bar which extends across at least one-half the width of each door leaf, which will open the door if
subjected to pressure.
PARTITION
An interior subdividing wall.
PIER
An isolated mass of masonry forming support for arches, columns, girders, lintels, trusses, and similar
structural parts.
PILASTER
A portion of the wall which projects on one or both sides and acts as a vertical beam, a column, or both.
PLASTER, PORTLAND, CEMENT
A mixture of portland cement, or portland cement and lime, and aggregate and other approved material
as specified in this Code.
PLASTICS, APPROVED
Plastic materials which have a flame spread rating of 225 or less.
PLATFORM, ENCLOSED
A partially enclosed portion of an assembly room the ceiling of which is not more than 1.50 meters
above the proscenium opening which is designed or used for the presentation of plays, demonstrations,
or other entertainment wherein scenery, drops, decorations, of the effects may be installed or used.
PUBLIC WAY
A parcel of land unobstructed from the ground to the sky, more than 3.00 meters in width, appropriated
to the free passage of the general public.
REPAIR
The reconstruction or renewal of any part of an existing building for the purpose of its maintenance. The
word “repair” shall not apply to any change of construction.
SHAFT
A vertical opening through a building for elevators, dumbwaiters, mechanical equipment, or similar
purposes.
SHOW WINDOW
A store window in which goods are displayed.
SLUM
Blighted Area; Eyesore; An area where the values of real estate tend to deteriorate because of the
dilapidated, obsolescent, and insanitary condition of the building within the area. Any eyesore is a
building or area .which is markedly unpleasant to look at.
SOCALO, MASONRY
The wall between the bottom of the window sill and the ground.
SOFFIT
The underside of a beam, lintel or reveal.
STABLE
Any structure designed and intended for the enclosure, shelter, or protection of any horse, carabao, or
other cattle.
STABLE, COMMERCIAL
A stable wherein the animals kept are for business, racing or breeding purposes.
STAGE
A partially enclosed portion of an assembly building which is designed or used for the presentation of
plays, demonstrations, or other entertainment wherein the scenery, drops or other effects may be
installed or used, and where the distance between the top of the proscenium opening and the ceiling
above the stage is more than 1.50 meters.
STAIRWAY
Two or more risers shall constitute a stairway.
STAIRWAY, PRIVATE
A stairway serving one tenant only.
STOREY
That portion of a building included between the upper surface of any floor and the upper surface of the
floor next above, except that the topmost storey shall be that portion of a building included between the
upper surface of the topmost floor and the ceiling or roof above. If the finished floor level directly above
a basement, cellar or unused underfloor spaces more than 3.60 meters above grade as defined herein at
any point, such basement, cellar or unused underfloor space shall be considered as a storey.
STOREY, HEIGHT OF
The perpendicular distance from top to top on two successive floors, floor beams, or joints. The clear
height of a storey or a room is the distance from the floor to the ceiling. The clear height of balconies is
measured from the highest point of the sidewalk grade to the underside of the balcony floor joists. If
these joists are sealed, this clear height is measured to the underside of the ceiling.
STREET
Any thoroughfare or public space which has been dedicated or deeded to the public for public use.
STRUCTURE
That which is built or constructed, an ediface or building of any kind, or any piece of work artificially
built up or composed of parts joined together in some definite manner.
STRUCTURAL FRAME
The framing system including the columns and the girders, beams, trusses, and spandrels having direct
connections to the columns and all other members which are essential to the stability of the building as a
whole. The members of floor or roof which have no connection to the columns shall be considered
secondary and not a part of the structural frame.
SUPORTALES
The vertical supports, such as posts or stanchions, as used in indigenous or traditional type of
construction. These may be freestanding as stilts or integrated into the wall structure. In the case of
former, pie de gallos (knee braces) or crosettas (cross bracings) are sometimes used.
SURFACE, EXTERIOR
Weather-exposed surface.
SURFACE, INTERIOR
Surfaces other than weather-exposed surfaces.
SURFACE, WEATHER-EXPOSED
All surfaces of walls, ceilings, floors, roofs, soffits, and similar surfaces exposed to the weather except
the following:
(a) Ceiling and roof soffits enclosed by walls, or by beams extend a minimum of 300 millimeters
below such ceiling or roof soofits;
(b) Walls or portions of walls within an unenclosed roof area, when located a horizontal distance
from an exterior opening equal to twice the height of the opening; and
(c) Ceiling and roof soffits beyond a horizontal distance of 3.00 meters from the outer edge of the
ceiling or roof soffits.
VALUE OR VALUATION OF A BUILDING
The estimated cost to replace the building in kind, based on current replacement costs.
VAULT
Any surface or underground construction covered on top, or any fire-proof construction intended for the
storage of valuables.
VENEER ADHERED
Veneer secured and supported by approved mechanical fasteners attached to an approved backing
supported through adhesion to an approved bonding material applied over an approved backing.
VENEER, EXTERIOR
Veneer applied to weather-exposed surfaces.
VENEER, INTERIOR
Veneer applied to surfaces other than weather-exposed surfaces.
WALL, BEARING
A wall which supports any load other than its own weight.
WALL, CROSS
A term which may be used synonymously with a partition.
WALL, CURTAIN
The enclosing wall of an iron or steel framework or the nonbearing portion of an enclosing wall between
piers.
WALL, DEAD
A wall without openings.
WALL, EXTERIOR
Any wall or element of a wall or any number or group of member, which defines the exterior boundaries
or courts of a building.
WALL, FACED
A wall in which the facing and backing are so bounded together that they act as a composite element,
and exert a common action under load.
WALL, FIRE
Any wall which subdivides a building so as to resist the spread of fire, by starting at the foundation and
extending continuously through all storeys to, or above the roof. Extension above the roof is 1.00 meter.
WALL, FOUNDATION
That portion of an enclosing wall below the first tier of floor-joists.
WALL, HEIGHT OF
The perpendicular distance measured from its base line either at the grade or at the top of the girder to
the top of the coping thereof. Foundation and retaining walls are measured from the grade downward to
the base of the footing.
WALL, NONBEARING
A wall which supports no load other than its own weight.
WALL, PARAPET
That part of any wall entirely above the roof line.
WALL, PARTY
A wall separating two or more buildings, and used in common by the said buildings.
WALL, RETAINING
Any wall used to resist the lateral displacement of any material; a subsurface wall built to resist the
lateral pressure of internal loads.
WALL, THICKNESS OF
The minimum thickness measured on the bed.
WINDOW
An opening through a wall of a building to the outside air for the purpose of admitting natural light and
air.
WINDOW, ORIEL
A projecting window similar to a bay window, but carried on bracket or corbels. The term “bay window”
may also be applied to an oriel window projecting over the street line.
WIRE BACKING
Horizontal strands of taunted wire attached to surfaces of vertical wood supports which, when covered
with building paper, provide a backing for portland cement plaster.
YARD OR PATIO
The vacant space left in a lot between the building and the property line.
YARD, REAR
The yard lying between the side lot lines and the nearest lot line and the nearest building line.
YARD, SIDE
The yard lying between the side line and the nearest building and between the front and the rear yards.
ANNEX “B”
TABLE 708-A. DIMENSION OF WOODEN POSTS OR SUPPORTALES
Type of
Building
1-Storey Shed
1-Storey Shed
1-Storey Shed
1-Storey House
or Chalet
2-Storey House
2-Storey House
2-Storey House
2-Storey House
Maximum
Height of
1st Floor
1.00 to
3.00 M
4.50 M
5.00 M
Maximum
Height
Total
Maximum
Spacing
of Post
Required Maximum
Finished Size
of Suportales
4.00 M
3.00 M
5.00 M
3.50 M
4.00 M
4.00 M
10 cms. x 10 cms.
10 cms. x 10 cms.
12.5 cms. x 12.5 cms.
5.50 M
6.00 M
7.00 M
8.00 M
9.00 M
3.60 M
3.00 M
4.00 M
4.50 M
4.50 M
12.5 cms. x 12.5 cms.
12.5 cms. x 12.5 cms.
12 cms. x 15 cms.
17.5 cms. x 17.5 cms.
20 cms. x 20 cms.
Logs or tree trunk suportales may be used as post in indigenous traditional type of construction, provided
that these are of such sizes and spacing as to sustain vertical loading equivalent at least to the loading
capacities of the posts and spacing in this Tables.
TABLE 1003-A. PROJECTIONS OF BALCONIES AND APPENDAGES
Width of Streets
Over 3.00 m. but less than 6.00 m.
6.00 m. to less than 10.00 m.
10.00 m. to less than 11.00 m.
11.00 m. to less than 12.00 m.
12.00 m. to less than 13.00 m.
14.00 m. to less than 14.00 m.
14.00 m. or over
Balconies
Total Projections
With Balcony
With Balcony
With Balcony
With Balcony
With Balcony
With Balcony
With Balcony
.60 m.
.90 m.
1.00 m.
1.10 m.
1.30 m.
1.40 m.
1.50 m.
TABLE 1106-A. TYPE OF PROTECTION REQUIRED FOR PEDESTRIANS
Height of
Construction
Eight feet or
less
More than
eight feet
Protection
Required
Distance from Construction
Less than six feet
Six feet or more
Railing none
Less than six feet
Fence and Canopy
Six feet or more but not more than onefourth the height of construction
Fence and Canopy
Six feet or more, but between one-fourth to
one
half the height of construction
Fence
Six feet or more but exceeding one-half the
construction height
None
Note: All protective devices shall include appropriate lights and warning signs.
Implementing Rules
and
Regulations
F O R E W OR D
This “Implementing Rules and Regulations” is a compilation of National Building Code
Memorandum Orders issued on various dates by the Minister of Public Works pursuant to Section 211
of the National Building Code (PD 1096). These rules and regulations took effect after three (3)
publications in newspapers of general circulation once a week for three consecutive weeks. Included
herein are Memoranda of , Circulars and Opinions relevant to the implementation of the Code.
Technological advances and changing economic conditions make imperative the amendment
and/or amplification of various parts of these Implementing Rules and Regulations to up-date them and
make them relevant to new situations and conditions.
The various previous publications contained and amplifications, supplementary provisions and
amendments to suit such conditions. For the purpose of clarity, continuity and homogeneity, the various
amplifications, supplementary provisions and amendments have been consolidated, incorporated and
inserted into their proper places, and the provisions so amended and/or superseded accordingly dropped.
All changes and/or amendments adopted in these implementing rules and regulations have been made
by the Building Research and Development Staff (BRDS) of the Ministry of Public Works for the
benefit, safety and welfare of the general public.
With this publication, it is hoped that confusion and ambiguity will be a thing of the past.
Ministry of Public Works,
ALFREDO L. JUINIO
Minister
ABER P. CANLAS
Deputy Minister
TEODORO T. ENCARNACION
Assistant Minister
for Planning
Management
ROSALLIO A. MALLONGA
Assistant Minister
for Operations
and
Executive Director, BRDS
LIGAYA JORGE
Assistant Minister
for Personnel
and
Development
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Grateful acknowledgement is given to those who have devoted their precious time and effort and
lent their support in formulating these Implementing Rules and Regulations, most especially to the
following:
Hon. Rosalio A. Mallonga
Assistant Minister for Operations
and
Executive Director, BRDS
The BRDS Consultants
Atty. Lydia L. Vendiola
Engr. Eduardo P. Mencias
Engr. Ernesto J. Battad
Mercado
Engr. Herminiano M.
Engr. Jose E. Cabanting
Archt. Aquiles C. Paredes
Engr. Angel Lazaro, Jr.
Engr. Francisco N. Pascual
Engr. Arturo L. Lopez
Archt. Geronomo V. Manahan
Engr. Jorge N. Roldan
Col. Rafael E. Rueda, Jr.
Archt. Juan A. Maravillas, Jr.
The Building Research and Development Staff
Technical Staff
Archt. Ernesto C. Acosta, Jr.
Reyes
Engr. Reynaldo M.
Atty. Ennar R.C. Cabanilla
Santos
Engr. Wilfredo O.
Archt. Lorenzo P. Espeleta
Sanchez
Mr. Faustino C.
Engr. Carlos M. Lopez
Miss. Estrella D. Hipol
Archt. Alberto B. Nogoy
Miss Nancy B. Narag
Secretariat
Miss Rosemarie F. Cabauatan
Nitullano
Miss Susan O. Constantino
Miss Nena P.
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Public Works, Transportation and Communications
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY
Quezon City
NBC MEMORANDUM ORDER 77-1
Re: Implementing Rules and Regulations
NATIONAL BUILDING CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES
(P.D. No. 1096)
For the guidance and compliance of all concerned, the following rules and orders are hereby
promulgated in initial implementation of the provisions of Presidential Decree No. 1096, otherwise
known as the National Building Code of the Philippines:
1.
There shall be organized a “Building Research and Development Staff” to serve as the
technical staff of the Secretary in the administration and enforcement of the previous provisions of the
National Building Code.
2. All Public Works Regional Directors shall serve as coordinators between the Office of the
Secretary and the offices of the Building Officials. In behalf of the Secretary, they shall supervise and
monitor the work operations of the Building Officials in their respective areas of jurisdiction.
3. Subject to the approval of the Secretary, all duly designated Acting Building Officials shall
organize their respective offices in such a manner as to be able to attain the goals and objectives and
perform their functions and duties under the Code.
3.1 For purposes of organizing the offices of Building Officials and determining the staffing
pattern
thereof, districts (provinces) cities and municipalities shall be
classified and grouped based on their average annual income for the last three years as
follows:
Group I – Shall include all cities and municipalities in Metro-Manila and all first class
cities with a minimum income of P10 M and above.
Group II – Shall include all districts (provinces) cities and municipalities with an
annual income from P3M to P9.99M.
Group III – Shall include all districts (provinces) cities and municipalities with an
annual income not exceeding P 2.99M.
3.2 All positions in the Office of the Building Official shall be occupied by qualified
available personnel from within the PW regional, district and city/municipal engineer’s
offices. Whenever needed, highly qualified professional and/or technical personnel from
other government departments/agencies/offices, and/or from the private sector (upon the
recommendation of the duly acredited professional organization concerned) may be
detailed/designated/appointed as consultants provided all the proper and necessary
arrangements therefore shall be done through the DPWTC.
4.
The processing of building permits including the use of the prescribed forms therefore shall
be in accordance with the corresponding Rule initially promulgated hereunder pursuant to
Section 211 of the Code.
5.
Likewise, the assessment and schedule of building permits and ancillary permit fees as well
as the time and manner of payment thereof shall be in accordance with the Rule on Fees.
6.
In the absence of an official Land Use Plan and/or zoning regulations, the interim
guidelines provided in Annex B hereof shall be followed.
This order shall take effect on June 16, 1977.
(SGD.) ALFREDO L. JUINIO
Secretary
CLASSIFICATION OF DISTRICTS/CITIES/MUNICIPALITIES**
GROUP I
(All cities and municipalities in Metro-Manila and all first class cities with a minimum income of P10M
and above)
CITIES AND MUNICIPALITIES:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
Manila
Quezon City
Caloocan City
Pasay City
Cebu City*
Davao City*
Olongapo City
Bacolod City
Zamboanga City*
Baguio City*
Iloilo City*
Toledo City*
Las Piñas, Metro-Manila
Makati, Metro-Manila
Malabon, Metro-Manila
Mandaluyong, Metro-Manila
Marikina, Metro-Manila
Muntinlupa, Metro-Manila
Navotas, Metro-Manila
Parañaque, Metro-Manila
Pasig, Metro-Manila
Pateros, Metro-Manila
San Juan, Metro-Manila
Taguig, Metro-Manila
Valenzuela, Metro-Manila
_______
*
**
Cities where the Public Works District Engineer’s office is located.
From the Department of Finance classification of provinces, Sub-provinces, Cities and
Municipalities as of August 1, 1975.
CLASSIFICATION OF DISTRICTS/CITIES/MUNICIPALITIES**
GROUP II
(All districts, cities and municipalities with an income of P3M to P9.99M)
CITIES
1. Cotabato City
11. Cadiz City*
2. Gen. Santos City*
12. Dagupan City*
3. Tacloban City*
13. Dumaguete City*
4. Naga City*
14. Lapu-Lapu City
5. Batangas City
15. Legaspi City*
6. Cagayan de Oro City*
16. Mandaue City
7. Angeles City
17. Ozamis City
8. Iligan City*
9. Butuan City*
10. Cabanatuan City*
18. San Carlos City (Negros Occ.)*
19. San Pablo City*
20. Silay City*
DISTRICTS
1. Albay
21. Leyte
2. Bataan
22. Masbate
3. Batangas
23. Misamis Oriental
4. Benguet
24. Negros Occidental
5. Bohol
25. Negros Oriental
6. Bukidnon
26. Nueva Ecija
7. Bulacan
27. Mindoro Oriental
8. Cagayan
28. Palawan
9. Camarines Sur
10. Capiz
29. Pampanga
30. Pangasinan
11. Cavite
31. Quezon
12. Cebu
32. Rizal
13. South Cotabato
33. Western Samar
14. Davao del Norte
34. Sorsogon
15. Davao del Sur
35. Surigao del Sur
16. Ilocos Norte
36. Tarlac
17. Iloilo
37. Zamboanga del Norte
18. Isabela
38. Zamboanga del Sur
19. Laguna
39. North Cotabato
20. La Union
40. Ilocos Sur
_______
*
**
Cities where the Public Works District Engineer’s office is located.
From the Department of Finance classification of provinces, Sub-provinces, Cities and
Municipalities as of August 1, 1975.
CLASSIFICATION OF DISTRICTS/CITIES/MUNICIPALITIES**
GROUP III
(All districts, cities and municipalities with an income of P1M to P2.99 M)
CITIES
1.
Bago
15. Marawi*
2.
Bais
16.
3.
Calbayog
17. Oroquita*
4.
Canlaon
18. Pagadian*
5.
Cavite
19. Puerto Princesa*
6.
Danao
20. Roxas*
7.
Dapitan
21. San Carlos (Pangasinan)*
8.
Dipolog*
22.
San Jose
9.
Gingoog
23.
Surigao
Ormoc
10.
Iriga
24
Tagaytay*
11.
La Carlota*
25
Tagbilaran*
12.
Laoag*
26
Tangub
13.
Lipa*
27. Trece Martires*
14.
Lucena
28. Palayan
DISTRICTS
1.
Abra
20. Marinduque
2.
Agusan del Norte
21. Misamis Occidental
3.
Agusan del Sur
22.
Mt. Province
4.
Aklan
23.
Siquijor
5.
Antique
24. Nueva Ecija
6.
Basilan
25.
7.
Bataan
26. Mindoro Occidental
Quirino
8.
Batanes
27.
Romblon
9.
Camarines Norte
28. Eastern Samar
10.
Camiguin
29. Northern Samar
11.
Catanduanes
30. Sultan Kudarat
12.
Davao Oriental
31. Sulu
13.
Ifugao
32. Surigao del Norte
14.
Ilocos Sur
33. Tawi-Tawi
15.
Kalinga-Apayao
34. Zambales
16.
Lanao del Norte
35. Guimaras Sub-Province
17.
Lanao del Sur
36.
18.
Southern Leyte
37. Aurora Sub-Province
19.
Maguindanao
Biliran Sub-Province
_______
*
**
Cities where the Public Works District Engineer’s office is located.
From the Department of Finance classification of provinces, Sub-provinces, Cities and
Municipalities as of August 1, 197
Republic of the Philippines
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS, TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
NIA Building, E. de los Santos Ave., Quezon City
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY
November 11, 1977
NBC MEMORANDUM ORDER 77-2
For the guidance and compliance of all concerned, attached are the latest revisions on NBC
Memorandum Order 77-1 together with additional rules and regulations for the implementation of the
National
Building Code, PD 1096, namely:
1.
RULE II
Annex “B” – Interim guidelines for land use and zoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(revised)
2.
(revised)
Rule III – Assessment, imposition and collection of fees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. Rule IV – Disposition of income from fees and other charges
(additional)
4. Excerpts from the National Structural Code for Buildings
(additional)
.................
....................
This order shall take effect January 1, 1978.
(SGD.) ALFREDO L. JUINIO
Secretary
Republic of the Philippines
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS, TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
NIA Building, E. de los Santos Ave., Quezon City
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY
May 25, 1978
NBC MEMORANDUM ORDER 77-3
For the guidance and compliance of all concerned, attached are additional rules, regulations and
standards for the implementation of the National Building Code, PD 1096, namely:
1.
Rule V – Signs
2.
Rule VI – Arcades and Sidewalks
3.
Rule VII – Abatement/Demolition of Buildings
4.
Annex “A-2” – Processing of Applications for Certificate of Occupancy
5.
Further Amplification of Sub-section 4.2.2 {Engineering Documents), Sub-sub sections
4.2.2.1 (Structural), 4.2.2.2 (Sanitary/Plumbing), 4.2.2.3 (Mechanical), and 4.2.2.4
(Electrical), of Rule I (Building Permit Applications), Annex “B” Rule I – Open Space
and Parking Space Standards.
6.
Forms:
a) Logbook sheet
b) Building Inspection sheet
c) Certificate of Inspection and Certificate of Occupancy (For buildings prior to
PD 1096)
d) Application for Change of Use or Occupancy
e) Certificate of Completion (Electrical Works)
This order shall take effect July 1, 1978.
(SGD.) ALFREDO L. JUINIO
Secretary
Republic of the Philippines
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS, TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
NIA Building, E. de los Santos Ave., Quezon City
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY
September 18, 1978
NBC MEMORANDUM ORDER 77-4
For the guidance and compliance of all concerned, attached are additional rules, regulations and
standards for the implementation of the National Building Code, PD 1096, namely:
1. Rule VIII – Administrative Penalties and Procedures
2. Rule IX – Electrical Regulations
3. Rule X – Mechanical Regulations
4. Rule XI – Access Streets and Alleys
5. Amplification of Section 3, Rule III of the Implementing Rules and Regulations
6.
Annex “A-3” – Processing of Application for Certificate of Occupancy for
Buildings/structures completed prior to the effectivity of the NBC, PD 1096.
7.
Further amplification of Sub-section of Sub-section 4.2.2 (Engineering Documents), Subsub section 4.2.2.2 (Sanitary/Plumbing), of Rule I (Building Permit Application)
8.
Rule XII – Cemeteries and Memorial Parks
9. Forms:
a) Excavation and Ground Preparation Permit
b) Sidewalk Construction Permit
c) Sign Permit
d) Scaffolding Permit
e) Temporary Sidewalk Enclosure and Occupancy Permit
f) Certificate of Operation: Air Conditioning/Refrigeration
g) Certificate of Operation: Internal Combustion Engine
h) Certificate of Operation: Elevator
i) Certificate of Annual Inspection
This Order shall take effect October 23, 1978.
(SGD.) ALFREDO L. JUINIO
Secretary
Republic of the Philippines
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS, TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
NIA Building, E. de los Santos Ave., Quezon City
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY
20 November 1978
NBC MEMORANDUM ORDER 77-5
For the guidance and compliance of all concerned, attached are additional rules, regulations and
standards for the implementation of the National Building Code, PD 1096, namely:
1. Rule XIII – Handling and Storage of Photographic and X-Ray Films
2. Rule XIV – Occupant Loads
3. Rule XV – Protection and Safety Requirements for Construction and Demolition
4. Rule XVI – Light and Ventilation
5. Rule XVII – Construction of Buildings/Structures Within Approach/Departure Zones of
runways of Aerodomes
6. Amendment to Section 3.3.2 of Rule XII – Cemeteries and Memorial Parks
7. Amendment to the Schedule of Fees under Category II for Metro Manila
8. Amplification to Section 6, Rule VIII – Administrative Sanctions and Procedures
9. Supplementary Provisions to Rule V – Signs
10. Supplementary Provisions to Rule IX – Electrical Regulations
This Order shall take effect January 1, 1979.
(SGD.) ALFREDO L. JUINIO
Secretary
Republic of the Philippines
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS, TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
NIA Building, E. de los Santos Ave., Quezon City
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY
June 14, 1979
MINISTRY-BRDS )
Memorandum Order )
No. 79-1
)
Series, 1979
)
x –––––– x
)
TO : All Concerned
SUBJECT: Additional Rules, Regulations
and Standards for the Implementation of the National Building
Code, P.D. 1096.
For the guidance and compliance of all concerned, attached are additional rules, regulations and
standards for the implementation of the National Building Code, PD 1096, namely:
1. .Rule XVIII– Maximum Height of Building/Structures
2. Rule XIX – Parking and Loading Space Requirements
3. Guidelines in the Design of Public Buildings/Structures
4. Amplification of Rule XVII (Construction of Buildings/Structures within
Approach/Departure Zones of [Runways of Aerodromes] Airports)
5. Forms:
a) Demolition Permit Application
b) Demolition Permit
c) Demolition Order
d) Certificate of Occupancy/Use
e) Certificate of Damage
f) Certificate of Change of Use/Occupancy
g) Repair Order
6. Supplementary Provisions to Rule I – Building permit Applications
7. Supplementary to Rule II – Processing of Applications for Building Permits
8. Supplementary Provisions to Annex “A” – Processing of Applications for Building Permit
9. Supplementary Provisions to Annex “A-1” – Processing of Applications for Sectional
Permits.
10. New Provisions on Rule III – Assessment, Imposition and Collection of Fees
11. New Provisions on Rule IX – Electrical Regulations
This Order shall take effect July 16, 1979.
(SGD.) ALFREDO L. JUINIO
Secretary
Functions, Duties and Responsibilities of a District/City/
Municipal Building Official
1. The District/city/Municipal Building Official, who shall be appointed by and under the direct
supervision of the Minister of the Ministry of Public Works (MPW), shall be primarily
responsible for the enforcement of the provisions of the National Building Code of the
Philippines (P.D. 1096) as well as the Implementing Rules and Regulations issued therefor.
2. He shall have overall administrative control and/or supervision over all work pertinent to
buildings within his area of responsibility and shall have direct change of processing of all
building permit applications on the basis of land-use and architectural, structural and geodetic
(line and grade), sanitary and plumbing, electrical, mechanical and fire as well as other standard
requirements, rules and regulations promulgated in accordance with the National Building Code.
3. He shall submit an annual situation report to the Minister of the Ministry of Public Works,
(MPW) or his authorized representative on the status of all existing, on-going, and proposed
public as well as private building activities within his area and shall undertake an annual
inspection of all buildings and keep an up-to-date record of their status in relation to: conformity
of use as per zoning regulations and approved permit, architectural or urban design
presentability, structural stability and fire protection.
4. He shall review and evaluate the designs, plans, and programs with the corresponding
specifications, estimates and other necessary building documents of all building projects under
his charge.
5. He shall inspect the construction, repair, addition, renovation and/or demolition of all buildings
in accordance with the National Building Code and approved Land-Use or Master Development
Plan of the city or municipality and shall have the right to enter into any building, building site,
or its surrounding premises and into any new or unoccupied building or building complex. The
owner of said building or building complex and building site shall be duly informed of the
findings and recommendations by the Building Official within a reasonable period of time.
6. He shall avail of the assistance and services of the various law-enforcing agencies, if and when
deemed necessary, for the effective performance of his duties.
7. He shall see to it that the technical staff charged with the various aspects of administrative
control and or supervision of buildings are qualified professionals who are duly registered
architects, engineers , master electricians, master plumbers, etc., with a minimum of three (3)
years experience in their respective professions or field of specialization.
8. He shall coordinate with the other government officials and officers-in-charge of various aspects
of planning and development such as the governor, the city/municipal mayors, the
district/city/municipal engineers, the planning and/or development officers and others.
9. He shall keep a permanent record and accurate account of all fees and other charges fixed and
authorized to be collected and received under Rule III.
10. Subject to existing budgetary, accounting and auditing rules and regulations, the Building
Official shall be authorized to retain not more than twenty percent (20%) of his collection. All
income derived from such fees and charges shall not be disposed except in the manner to be
determined hereinafter by the Minister. He shall cause the remaining eighty percent (80%) to be
deposited with the respective city or municipal treasurer.
Republic of the Philippines
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS, TRANSPORTATION
& COMMUNICATIONS
NIA Building, E. de los Santos Ave., Quezon City
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY
August 11, 1978
Ministry Order)
)
No. 44
)
)
THE
)
X ––––– X
SUBJECT: OFFICIALS AUTHORIZED TO ACT
FOR AND IN THE ABSENCE OF
DULY DESIGNATED BUILDING
OFFICIAL
This Ministry has received strong representation from our District, City and Municipal Engineers
who were designated Acting Building Officials, as well as from local executives, to authorize other
officials to act for and in their behalf on all matters regarding the enforcement of the provisions of the
National Building Code of the Philippines and its implementing rules and regulations, whenever for
valid reasons or causes the said Building Officials are unable to perform their duties. The reason for this
is obviously to preclude the piling up of applications for building permits and to avoid unnecessary
inconvenience on the part of applicants whom they are bound to serve.
In order, therefore, to meet the exigencies of the service, and to provide continuity of operation
and smooth functioning of the Office of the Building Officials, the following guidelines are hereby
issued:
1.
As a general rule, only the PW District, City or Municipal Engineers duly designated as
Acting Building Official in their respective areas of jurisdiction are primarily responsible for
the enforcement of the provisions of the National Building Code of the Philippines and its
implementing rules and regulations.
2.
In the event any of the aforementioned officials is unable to perform the functions of his
office for reasons of sickness, absence or for any valid cause, the following officials shall
act for and in their behalf:
(a).
For PW District Engineers designated as Acting Building Officials for all
municipalities
within their district/province, the Assistant District Engineer;
(b). For City Engineers designated as Acting Building Official for any particular city,
the Assistant City Engineer should there be one, or in the absence thereof, said city
Engineer shall choose between the Engineer in-charge of local projects and the City
Public Works Supervisor; and
(c). For Municipal Engineers designated as Acting Building Official in their respective
municipality, the duly appointed Assistant Municipal Engineer, or in the absence
thereof, the Municipal Architect or the nearest City Engineer or District Engineer
designated as such Building Official in the city or province as the case may be,
provided that as a matter of policy, the officials so authorized to act for in their absence,
aside from being either a licensed Civil Engineer or Architect, must have undergone training
on the National Building Code of the Philippines and its implementing rules and regulations.
3.
The Officials acting for and in behalf of the duly designated acting Building Official shall
thus sign:
For and in the absence of the
Acting Building Official:
Signature
-----------------------------Official Designation
4.
In all cases where an official acts for and in the absence of the regularly designated Acting
building Official, he shall submit to the latter a report of all the activities undertaken during
the incumbent’s absence upon his return to office; provided, that in the case of a City
Engineer or District Engineer acting for and in behalf of a Municipal Engineer as provided
for under Section 2 (c), he shall furnish the letter with all the documents submitted and
approved in connection with the issuance of building permits aside from the required
official report of the activities undertaken during the absence of the Municipal Engineer.
5.
Any action, determination and/or decision made by officials enumerated in Section 2 hereof,
in contravention with the provisions of this order shall be deemed null and void.
This order takes effect immediately.
(SGD.) ALFREDO L. JUINIO
Secretary
Republic of the Philippines
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS, TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
NIA Building, E. de los Santos Ave., Quezon City
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY
December 28, 1978
MINISTRY ORDER)
)
NO.57
)
)
X– – – – – – – – – –X
SUBJECT: Amending Ministry Order
No.44, Series of 1978 Re:
Officials authorized to
act for and in the absence
of the duly designated
Building Officials
In view oft he multi-faceted functions and responsibilities of our District/City/Municipal
Engineer’s Offices, particularly in the implementation of the Administration’s Infrastructure Programs
and considering that the Office of the Building Official needs a fulltime assistant who shall act for and in
his absence on all matters regarding the enforcement of the National Building Code of the Philippines
and its Implementing Rules and Regulations and to give a wider latitude of discretion to the Acting
Building Official in the selection of competent personnel who shall act for and in their absence, item 2 of
Ministry Order No.44 dated August 11, 1978 which provides:
“(In the event any of the aforementioned officials is unable to perform the functions of his office
for reasons of sickness, absence or for any valid cause, the following officials shall act for in their
behalf:
(a). For PW District Engineers designated as Acting Building Officials for all municipalities
within their
district/province, the Assistant District Engineer;
(b). For City Engineers designated as Acting Building Official for any particular city, the
Assistant City Engineer should there be one, or in the absence thereof, said City Engineer shall choose
between the Engineer in-charge of local projects and the City Public Works Supervisor; and
(c). For Municipal Engineers designated as Acting Building Official in their respective
municipality, the duly appointed Assistant Municipal Engineer, or in the absence thereof, the
Municipal Architect or the nearest City Engineer or District Engineer designated as such
Building Official in the city or province as the case may be:
provided that as a matter of policy, the officials so authorized to act for and in their absence, aside from
being either a licensed Civil Engineer or Architect, must have undergone training on the National
Building Code of the Philippines and its implementing rules and regulations.)”
is hereby amended to read as follows:
xxxxx
2. The District/City /Municipal Engineer designated as such Acting Building Official for any
particular District/City/Municipality shall recommend immediately to his Ministry a ranking licensed
Architect or Engineer under his direct supervision and control who shall act for and in his behalf
whenever he is unable to perform the functions of his Office for reasons of sickness, absence or for any
valid cause, provided that pending approval of the designation of the official who shall act for and in his
behalf, the provisions of Section 2 of Ministry Order No.44, series of 1978, shall apply in order not to
disrupt the service; provided further that as a matter of policy, the officials so authorized to act for in
their absence, aside from being either a Licensed Civil Engineer or Architect, must have undergone
training on the National Building Code of the Philippines and its Implementing Rules and Regulations.
xxxxx
In this connection, for this Ministry to have a valid basis with which to review the
recommendation of the Acting Building Official for a competent officer to act for and in his behalf, it is
desired that we be furnished with a copy of the approved position chart of their respective
District/City/Municipal Engineering Offices, for our information and guidance.
This order takes effect January 1, 1979.
(SGD.) ALFREDO L. JUINIO
Secretary
RULE I – BUILDING PERMIT APPLICATIONS
1. Definitions:
For purposes of this and other Rules of the following definitions shall apply:
1.1
BUILDING PERMIT - A written authorization granted by the Building Official to an applicant
allowing him to proceed with the construction of a specific project after plans, specifications
and other pertinent documents have been found to be in conformity with the National
Building Code (PD 1096) and its Implementing Rules and Regulations. It includes any or all
of the Permits enumerated under Section 1 of Rule III.
1.2
CONSTRUCTION – All on-site work done from site preparation, excavation, foundation,
assembly of all the component and installation of utilities and equipment of
buildings/structures.
1.3
ERECTION – Installation in place of components of a building/structure.
1.4
ADDITION – Any new construction which increases the height or area of an existing
building/structures.
1.5
ALTERATION – Construction in a building/structure involving changes in the materials used,
partitioning, location/size of openings, structural parts, existing utilities and equipment but
does not increase the overall area thereof.
1.6
RENOVATION – Any Physical change made on a building/structure to increase its value,
utility and/or improve its aesthetic quality
1.7
CONVERSION – A change in the use or occupancy of a building/structure or any portion/s
thereof which has different requirements.
1.8
REPAIR – Remedial work done on any damaged or deteriorated portion/s of a
building/structure to restore its original condition.
1.9
MOVING – The transfer of any building/structure or portion/s thereof from its original location
or position to another, either within the same lot or to a different one.
1.10 DEMOLITION – The systematic dismantling or destruction of a building/structure, in whole or
in part.
1.11 ANCILLARY BUILDING/STRUCTURE – A secondary building/structure located within the
same premises the use of which is incidental to that of the main building/structure.
2. Building Permits:
No person, firm or corporation, including any agency or instrumentality of the government
shall erect, construct, alter, repair, move, convert or demolish any building or structure or cause the same
to be done without first obtaining a building permit therefor from the Building Official assigned in the
place where the subject building is located or the building work is to be done.
However, a building permit shall not be required for the following construction and repairs;
provided that said constructions or repairs shall not violate any provisions of the Code and its
Implementing Rules and Regulations:
a) Minor Constructions:
1. Sheds, outhouses, greenhouses, children’s playhouses, aviaries, poultry houses and the like,
not exceeding 6 sq.m. in floor area, provided they are completely detached from any other
building and are intended only for the private use of the owner.
2. Addition of open terraces or patios resting directly on the ground, not exceeding 20 sq.m. in
floor area, exclusively for the private use of the owner.
3. Installation of window grilles.
4. Garden pools for the cultivation of water plants and/or aquarium fish not exceeding 500
millimeters in depth.
5. Erection of garden walls other than party walls not exceeding 1.80 meters in height,
cementing of footpaths, garden walks and/or driveways.
b) Repairs:
1. Repair works not affecting or involving any structural member, such as replacement of
deteriorated roofing sheets or tiles, gutters, downspouts, fascias, ceilings and/or sidings.
2. Repair of non loading-bearing partition walls.
3. Repairs of any interior portion of a house not involving addition or alteration.
4. Repair and/or replacement of windows.
5. Repair and/or replacement of flooring.
6. Repair of perimeter fences and walls.
7. Repair and/or replacement of sanitary or plumbing fixtures, such as toilet bowls and cisterns,
urinals and bidettes, pipes, faucets, valves, water pumps and/or tanks.
8. Repair or replacement of faulty or deteriorated wiring devices, fixtures and safety devices,
provided that no alteration shall be made on the service entrance and the main switch or
breaker, and that no additional circuits shall be added.
3. Requirements:
Any person desiring to obtain a building permit shall file an application therefor in writing and
on the prescribed form.
3.1
Together with the accomplished application form the following shall be submitted to the Office
of the Building Official:
a) In case the applicant is the registered owner of the lot:
1. Certified true copy of TCT,
2. Tax Declaration, and
3. Current Real Property Tax Receipt.
b) In case the applicant is the registered owner of the lot:
1. Duly notarized copy of the Contract of Lease, or
2. Duly notarized copy of the Deed of Absolute Sale, or
3. Duly notarized copy of the Contract of Sale.
3.2 Five (5) sets of plans and specifications prepared, signed and sealed
a) by a duly licensed architect or civil engineer, in case of architectural and structural plans;
b) by a duly licensed sanitary engineer or master plumber, in case of plumbing or sanitary
installation plans;
c) by a duly licensed professional electrical engineer, in case of electrical plans;
d) by a duly licensed professional mechanical engineer, in case of mechanical plans.
NOTE:
Plans and specifications shall not be required for
a) traditional indigenous family dwellings which are intended for the use and
occupancy of the family of the owner only and constructed of native materials
such as bamboo, nipa, logs or lumber, the total cost of which does not exceed
fifteen thousand pesos (P15,000.00).
b) single detached dwellings up to 20 sq.m. in floor area.
For any of the above, a simple sketch with dimensions, accompanied by a site location
and vicinity map, will suffice.
3.2.1 Architectural Documents:
a)
Location of a plan within a two-kilometer radius for commercial, industrial and
institutional complex, and within a half-kilometer radius for residential buildings, at
any convenient scale.
b)
Site development and/or location plan at scale of 1:200 M standard or any convenient
scale for large-scale development showing position of building in relation to lot.
Existing buildings within and adjoining the lot shall be hatched, and distances
between the proposed and existing buildings shall be indicated.
c)
Floor plans at scale of not less than 1:100 M.
d)
Elevation (at least four) at scale of not less than 1:100 M.
e)
Sections (at least two) at scale of 1:100 M.
f)
Foundation Plan at scale of not less than 1:100 M.
g)
Floor-framing plan at scale of not less than 1:100 M.
h)
Roof-framing plan at scale of not less than 1:100 M.
i)
Details of footing/column at any convenient scale.
j)
Details of structural members at any convenient scale.
3.2.1 Engineering Documents:
3.2.1.1 Structural
a) Design analysis shall be required for all buildings or structures except for the
following:
1. Traditional indigenous family dwellings as defined in Section 209 of the
NBC.
2. Single detached residential buildings with a total floor area up to 20.00
sq.m.
b) Boring and Plate Load Tests
Pursuant to Section 7.03 (Soil Classification) of the National Structural Code for
Buildings, it is the responsibility of the designer to order adequate soil exploration
(including test borings for any building or structure of any height, if in his
judgement such is necessary. However, as a rule, test borings or plate load tests
shall be required for buildings or a structures of four (4) stories and higher.
c)
Seismic Analysis
Pursuant to Section 2.01 (Earthquake Forces) of the National Structural Code for
Buildings, every building or structure and every portion thereof, except Category I
of Group A Occupancies which are less than 7.5 meters in height, shall be
designed and constructed to resist stresses produced by lateral forces.
3.2.1.2
a)
Sanitary/Plumbing:
For new sanitary installation with more than twenty (20) units of
plumbing installations, water supply, storm drainage, water purification
and sewage treatment plant, applications shall be accompanied by
sanitary plans and specifications signed and sealed by a duly licensed
Sanitary Engineer containing the following:
1. Sanitary plan, lay-outs and details.
2. Isometric drawings of roughing-ins of sanitary drainage, ventilation
lines, hot and/or cold distribution /supplies to plumbing fixtures and
equipment.
3. Detail drawings of Imhoff tanks/septic tanks in the absence of
disposal to the street sanitary sewer, sewage treatment plant.
4. Riser diagram of drainage including details of miscellaneous
appurtenances such as manholes, junction boxes, catch basins,
water/sewer/storm drainage connections.
5. Design analysis, technical specifications.
6. Estimate of cost (for statistical purposes only).
7. Detail drawings of deep well water source and water treatment
device in the absence of municipal water system.
b) For additional and/or alteration of existing sanitary installation involving
more than twenty (20) units of plumbing installations, water supply,
storm drainage, water purification and sewage treatment plant,
application shall be accompanied by sanitary plans and specifications
signed and sealed by a duly licensed Sanitary Engineer, containing the
following:
1. Design and analysis and plans of the original installation.
2. Plans and detail drawings of additional installation.
3. Estimated cost of additional/altered installation (for statistical purposes
only).
c) For new sanitary installation with more than twenty (20) units of
plumbing installations and water supply, the Engineering Documents
signed and sealed by a duly licensed Master Plumber who has been issued
a Certificate of Recognition as a Designer by the Board of Master
Plumbers include the following:
1. Sanitary plan, layouts and details.
2. Isometric drawings of roughing-ins of ventilation lines, hot and/or cold
distribution/supplies to plumbing fixtures and equipment.
3. Design analysis, technical specifications.
4. Estimate of cost (for statistical purposes only).
d) For additional and/or alteration of existing sanitary installation involving
more than twenty (20) units of plumbing installations and water supply,
the Engineering Documents signed and sealed by a duly licensed Master
Plumber, who has been issued a Certificate of Recognition as a Designer
by the Board of Master Plumbers, shall include the following:
1. Design and analysis and plans of the original installation.
2. Plans and details drawings of additional installation.
3. Estimated cost of additional/altered installation (for statistical purposes
only).
e) For new, additional or altered plumbing installation not exceeding twenty
(20) units, the Engineering Documents signed and sealed by a duly
licensed Master Plumber shall include the following:
1. Plumbing Plan and Layout.
2. Isometric drawing.
3. Guide specifications and Bill of Materials.
4. Estimate of Cost (for statistical purposes only).
3.2.2.3 Mechanical:
a) The corresponding plans and specifications for 50HP or more, signed and sealed
by a duly licensed Professional Mechanical Engineer shall contain the following:
1. General layout plan for each floor, to scale of not less than 1:100 M;
indicating the equipment in heavier lines than the building outline.
Names of machinery and corresponding brake horsepower shall be indicated.
2. Longitudinal and transverse action drawn to scale of at least 1:100 M
showing interfloor relations and defining the manner of support of machinery
(weather through building structure, by separate staging, or by foundations
resting on the ground).
3. Isometric drawing of piping system showing:
a. assembly of pipes on racks and supports.
b. complete individual piping system indicating terminal to terminal valves,
fittings, sizes and color coding.
4.Plan indicating location of store rooms, fuel tanks, fire extinguishing system,
fire doors, fire escapes ladders and other similar fire protective facilities.
5.Plans of all duct work installations, indicating dampers, controls, filters,
fireproofing, acoustical and thermal insulation.
6.Detailed plans of machinery foundations and supports drawn to scale of at
least 1.50 M.
7.Detailed plans of boilers and pressure vessels with a working pressure of
above 10 psig regardless of HP rating drawn to scale of at least P50 M.
8.Computation and detailed plans of elevators, escalators and the like, drawn to
scale of at least 1:50 M.
9. Complete machinery list, showing:
a. Name and type of machinery
b. Make a catalog number, size, model, serial number, capacity
c. Revolution per minute (RPM) and drive (direct, V-belt or flat-belt, gear
reducer, hydraulic, magnetic, chain or line shafting)
d. Motor or Prime Mover, showing
1. ICE (International Combustion Engine):
a. Horsepower (HP) rating
b. RPM (Revolution per minute)
c. Total Horsepower
d. Fuel
e. Use
2. Electric Motor:
a. Horsepower (HP) rating
b. RPM (Revolution per minute)
c. Voltage
d. Chase
e. Cycle
f. Current
g. Kilowatt (KW)
h. Use
10. Flow Sheets
For Processing Plant, Manufacturing Plant for Assembly Plant
b) For all installations, additions or alterations involving machinery of at least
20 HP, the signature of the applicant shall be sufficient.
c) Estimate of cost of installation and equipment shall be submitted.
3.2.2.4 Electrical:
a) For new electrical installation with more than twenty (20) outlets or capacity of
more than a 4 Kw, of any voltage, application shall be accompanied by electrical
plans and specifications signed and sealed by a duly licensed Professional
Electrical Engineer, containing the following:
1. General electrical layout with legends
2. Single line diagram
3. Riser diagram
4. Schedule of loads
5. Design analysis
6. Estimate of Cost (for statistical purposes only)
b) For addition and/or alteration of existing installation involving more than 20
outlets or more than 4 KW of any voltage applications shall be accompanied by
electrical plans and specifications signed and sealed by a duly licensed
Professional Electrical Engineer containing the following:
1. Design analysis of original service entrance equipment, main/feeder branch
together with the additional installation.
2. Riser diagram or original and additional installation.
3. Schedule of load of new installation.
4. General electrical layout with legends
5. Estimated cost of new installation and cost of modification (for statistical
purposes only).
c) For new, additional or altered electrical installation not exceeding twenty (20)
outlets or a capacity of a 4 KW up to 600 volts, application shall be accompanied
by a bill of materials and a sketch signed by at least a duly licensed Master
Electrician containing the following:
1. Single line diagram of electrical installations
2. General electrical layout, with legends
3. Bill of materials
4. Estimate of Cost (for statistical purposes only)
3.3 Logbook and standard drawing sheets.
3.4 Whenever necessary , written certifications/clearances shall be obtained from the various
government authorities exercising regulatory functions affecting buildings and other related
structures, such as the
Human Settlements Regulatory Commission (HSRC), for zoning and land use.
National Housing Authority (NHA), for subdivisions and residential condominiums:
National Pollution Control Commission (NPCC), for pollution abatement and control
measures.
Ministry of Tourism (MOT), for tourism oriented projects;
Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA), for height clearance for constructions near
airports;
Philippine Ports Authority (PPA), for constructions in port zones, etc.
RULE II – PROCESSING OF APPLICATIONS FOR BUILDING PERMITS
AND CERTIFICATES OF OCCUPANCY
Pursuant to Sections 303 to 306, and 309 of the National Building Code (PD 1096) the
following procedures shall be followed in the processing of applications for and issuance of Building
Permits and Certificates of Occupancy.
1. Building Permits
1.1 Verification of Land Use and Zoning Compatibility:
The Building Official shall first verify conformity of the proposed building/s or structure/s with
the land use plan and zoning regulations of the city/municipality. In the absence of an official
Land Use Plan or Zoning Regulations the Interim Guidelines provided in Section _________ of
this Rule shall be followed.
1.2 Filing of Application:
1.2.1 When satisfied that all documents, plans and specifications accompanying an application
are in order, the Building Official gives due course to the application.
1.2.2 Upon receipt of a application the Building Official refers one (1) set of plans and
specifications to the Chief of the Local Fire Service (CLFS) for his evaluation, review
and/or recommendation with respect to fire safety and control requirements. The CLFS is
given five days to act and submit his report to the Building Official. (Memorandum of
Agreement between the Ministry of National Defense (MOND) and the Ministry of Public
Works, (MPW).
1.3 Line and Grade Verification
1.3.1 Building official establishes and/or verifies lot as reflected in the torrens title or TCT and
its relation to the proposed building/s.
1.3.2 Building official establishes setbacks and determines grades in relation to road lots,
property lines, street or highways whether existing or proposed, as reflected in the landuse, zoning or development plan of the city/municipality including road widening and
construction of various public utilities and other infrastructure projects.
1.4 Processing of Applications:*
Corresponding technical staff evaluates building documents as to technical requirement for:
1.4.1 Architectural
1.4.1.1 Types of construction (Chapter 4 of the N.B.C.)
1.4.1.2 Requirements of Fire Zones (Chapter 5 of the N.B.C.).
1.4.1.3 Light and ventilation (Chapter 8 of the N.B.C.; Rule XVI, NBC Memorandum Order
77.5).
1.4.1.4 Building projections over public streets (Chapter 10 of the N.B.C.)
1.4.1.5 General design and construction requirements (Chapter 12 of the N.B.C.)
1.4.1.6 Classification and general requirements by use or occupancy (Chapter 7 of the
N.B.C.)
1.4.1.7 Signs (Chapter 20 of the N.B.C.; Rule V of the implementing Rules and Regulations)
1.4.2
Structural
1.4.2.1 Structural design requirements (National Structural Code for Buildings).
1.4.2.2 Fire resistive requirements in construction (Chapter 6 of the N.B.C.).
1.4.2.3 Excavations, foundations and retaining walls (Section 1202, Chapter 12 of the
N.B.C.).
1.4.2.4 The use of computers (Chapter 19 of the N.B.C.).
1.4.2.5 Pre-fabricated construction (Chapter 15 of the N.B.C.).
1.4.3 Sanitary/Plumbing
1.4.3.1 Sanitation (Chapter 9 of the N.B.C.)
1.4.4 Electrical
1.4.4.1 Electrical regulations (Chapter 13 of the N.B.C.; Rule IX, NBC Memorandum Order
77-4)
1.4.5 Mechanical
1.4.5.1 Mechanical regulations (Chapter 13 of the N.B.C.; Rule X, NBC Memorandum
Order 77-4)
1.4.6 Fire Safety Control
1.4.6.1 Fire extinguishing systems (Section 1212, Chapter 12 of the NBC.)
*See flow charts
1.5 Final Evaluation:
1.5.1 Building Official’s technical staff prepares assessment of corresponding fees, including the
0.1% Fire Fund Fee (in accordance with the Memorandum of Agreement between the
MOND and the MPW, dated August 1, 1978.)
1.5.2 Building Official reviews technical evaluation and assessment of fees, including the Fire
Fund Fee.
1.6 Issuance of Building Permit:
1.6.1 When satisfied that the work described in an application for building permit and the plans
and specifications submitted herewith, conform to the requirements of the Code as well as
of these Rules, the Building Official shall, within fifteen days from payment of the required
fees by the applicant, issue the building permit applied for.
1.6.2 The Building Official may issue a permit for the construction of only a part or portion of a
building or structure whenever the plans and specifications submitted together with the
application do not cover the entire building or structure.
1.6.3 The Building Official may issue a permit to excavate for foundation and basement even
while the application is still being processed, and shall charge corresponding fees therefor
in accordance with pertinent provisions of Rule III. The fee so collected shall be deducted
from the total building permit fees.
1.7 Non-Issuance, Suspension or Revocation of Building Permits:
1.7.1 The Building Official may order or cause the non-issuance, suspension or revocation of
building permits on any or all of the following reasons or grounds:
a. Errors found in the plans and specifications;
b. Incorrect or inaccurate data or information supplied;
c. Non-compliance with the pertinent provisions of the Code or of any rule or regulation
issued thereunder.
1.7.2 Notice of non-issuance, suspension or revocation of building permits shall always be made
in writing, stating the reasons or grounds therefor.
1.8 Terms and Conditions of Permits:
1.8.1 Approved plans and specifications upon which the issuance of the permit has been based
shall not be changed, modified or altered without the approval of the Building Official
and the work shall be done strictly in accordance thereto.
1.8.2 The issuance of a building permit shall not be construed as an approval or authorization to
the permittee to disregard or violate any of the provisions of the Code.
1.8.3 Whenever the issuance of a permit is based on approved plans and specifications whish are
subsequently found defective, the Building Official is not precluded from requiring
permitee to effect the necessary corrections in the said plans and specifications or from
preventing or ordering the stoppage of any or all building operations being on thereunder
which are not in accordance with the Code and/or Rule.
1.8.4 In the actual execution of the project, the architect or civil engineer in charge of the
construction work may hire the services of one or more project inspector/s to assist in the
full time inspection and supervision of all aspects of the construction. Said project
inspector/s must be professional/s who is/are duly registered architect/s, engineer/s, master
electrician/s, master plumber/s, etc., qualified in their respective disciplines.
1.8.5 The owner shall put up a sign complying with the prescribed dimensions and required
information as shown on the illustration on the following page. Such sign shall remain
posted on the construction site for the duration of the construction.
1.9 Validity of a Building Permit:
A building permit issued under the provisions of the Code shall expire and become null
and void if the building or work authorized therein is not commenced within a period of
one year from the date of such permit, or if the building or work so authorized is
suspended or abandoned at any time after it has been commenced for a period of 120
days.
2.
CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY FOR BUILDINGS/STRUCTURES CONSTRUCTED
AFTER
THE PROMULGATION OF THE NATIONAL BUILDING CODE (PD
1096)
Pursuant to Section 309 of the National Building Code (PD 1096), no building or structure
shall be
used or occupied and no change in the existing use or occupancy classification of a
building or structure or portion thereof shall be made until the Building Official has issued a
Certificate of Occupancy therefor.
2.1 To secure a certificate of occupancy, the following procedure should be followed:
2.1.1 The owner/applicant shall submit to the Building Official the following documents:
a.
Certificate of Completion together with the logbook and the Building Inspection Sheet
duly accomplished by the contractor (if the construction is undertaken by contract) and
signed and sealed by the architect or civil engineer in-charge of the construction work.
Said architect of civil engineer may hire the services of one or more project inspector/s
to assist in the full time inspection and supervision of all aspects by the construction.
Said project inspector/s must be qualified professional/s, who is/are duly registered
architect/s, master electrician/s, master plumber/s, etc.
b.
As-built plans and specifications jointly signed and sealed by the designing architect or
civil engineer and the architect or civil engineer in-charge of the construction and
signed by the contractor (if the construction is undertaken by contract) and confirmed
by the owner. Said plans and specifications shall reflect faithfully all changes,
modifications and alterations made on the originally approved plans and specifications
which are the basis of the issuance of the original building permit.
NOTE:
Pursuant to Section 304 of the National Building Code, all such changes, modifications
and alterations shall likewise be approved by the Building Official and the subsequent
amandatory permit therefor issued before any work on said changes, modifications and
alterations shall be started. The as-built plans and specifications may be just an orderly
and comprehensive compilation of all the documents which include the originally
approved plans and specifications and all amendments thereto as actually built or they
may be an entirely new set of plans and specifications accurately describing and/or
reflecting therein the building as actually built.
2.1.2 The Office of the Building Official shall undertake the final inspection, verification
and/or review of the building based on the Certificate of Completion, logbook, plans, as
built-plans as the case may be, and specifications on the prescribed standard form (see
MPW Form No. 77-004-B), according to the following:
2.1.2.1 Land Use
a. Conformity with approved Land Use Plan and Zoning Ordinance.
2.1.2.2
Architectural
a. Types of Construction (Chapter 4 of the N.B.C.)
b. Requirements of fire zones (Chapter 5 of the N.B.C.)
c. Light and ventilation (Chapter 8 of the N.B.C.; Rule XVI, NBC Memorandum
Order 77.5)
d. Building projection over public streets (Chapter 10 of the N.B.C.)
e. General design and construction requirements (Chapter 12 of the N.B.C.)
f. Classification and general requirements by use of occupancy (Chapter 7 of the
N.B.C.)
g. Signs (Chapter 20 of the N.B.C., Rule V of the Implementing Rules and
Regulations)
2.1.2.3 Geodetic Engineering
a. Compliance with established line and grade.
2.1.2.4
Structural and Civil Engineering
a. Structural design (National Structural Code for Buildings).
b. Fire-resistive requirements in construction (Chapter 6 of the N.B.C.)
c. Excavation, foundation and retaining walls (Section 1202 of the N.B.C.)
d. Pre-fabricated construction (Chapter 15 of the N.B.C. )
2.1.2.5
Sanitary Engineering and Plumbing
a. Sanitation (Chapter 9 of the N.B.C.)
2.1.2.6
Electrical Engineering
a. Electrical regulations (Chapter 13 of the N.B.C.; Rule IX, NBC Memorandum
Order 77-4)
2.1.2.7
Mechanical Engineering
a. Fire-extinguishing system (Section 1212, Chapter 12 of the N.V.C.)
2.1.3 Pursuant to the Memorandum of Agreement signed on August 1, 1978 between the
MOND and the MPW, the Building Official shall notify the Chief of the Local Fire
Service to conduct his final inspection and require him to submit his Fire Safety
Inspection Certificate within five (5) working days from receipt of notification. In case of
non-issuance, suspension or revocation of said Certificate by the CLFS, he shall so state
in writing the reasons or grounds therefor.
NOTE:
a. Said certificate shall be issued by the Chief of the Local Fire Service (CLFS) not later
than five (5) working days from referral. If, after the prescribed period, no action is
taken by the CLFS, the Building Official may issue the Certificate of the Occupancy
with the condition that the fire safety requirements shall be complied with the
prescribed period set forth in the Fire Code of the Philippines.
b. In case of Industrial building/s structures a certificate from the National Pollution
Control (NPCC) shall also be required.
2.1.4 Building Official’s technical staff prepares assessment of fees.
2.1.5 Building Official reviews technical evaluation and assessment of fees and orders
payment for the full amount of fees.
2.1.6 Building Official issues the Certificate of Occupancy in the form prescribed therefor
(MPW Form 77006-B)
2.1.6.1 A partial Certificate of Occupancy may be issued for the use or occupancy of a
portion or portions of a building or structures prior to the completion of the entire
building or structures.
2.1.6.2 Pursuant to Section 702 and 703 of the National Building Code, a building for
which a Certificate of Occupancy has been issued may further be issued other
Certificates of Occupancy has been issued may further be issued other Certificates
of Occupancy due to changes in use, whether partly or wholly, provided, that the
new use/s or type/s of occupancy is/are less hazardous based on life and fire risk
than the original use or type of occupancy.
3. CERTIFICATES OF OCCUPANCY FOR BUILDINGS/STRUCTURES COMPLETED
PRIOR TO THE EFFECTIVITY OF THE NATIONAL BUILDING CODE (P.D. 1096)
For statistical, structural and fire safety and zoning purposes, all buildings or structures
constructed and occupied prior to PD 1096, without Certificate of Occupancy shall be required to
secure said Certificate.
3.1 In order to obtain a Certificate of Occupancy for a building/structure constructed and occupied
prior to the promulgation of PD 1096, the following procedure shall be followed:
3.1.1 The owner/applicant shall submit to the Building Official MPW Form No. 77-005-B, duly
accomplished under oath together with the following attachments;
3.1.1.1 TCT, tax declaration with current tax receipt, deed or sale, lease contract to purchase,
as the case may be, of the lot and/or house.
3.1.1.2 In the case of indigenous family dwellings and house of mixed materials having an
area not exceeding forty (40) square meters:
a. A simple sketch, signed by the owner or his authorized representative, showing the
floor plans and elevations of the house, indicating thereon the dimensions in meters
and materials used. For elevations photographs may suffice in place of a sketch.
b. Sit plan showing the building in relations to the lot indicating thereon the location
and dimensions of courts and yards as well as the firewalls, if any.
c. Vicinity map showing the street, street intersection and/or easily recognizable
landmarks.
d. A sketch of the plumbing and electrical systems indicating the number and location
of outlets, switches and main circuit breaker.
3.1.1.3 In the case of single-detached or duplex family dwellings /living units for the
exclusive use of owner/applicant and his family, above forty (40) square meters in
area:
a. As-built plans (Location and Site Plan, Architectural, Electrical, and
Sanitary/Plumbing Plans) signed by a duly licensed Architect or Civil Engineer in
case of architectural and structural plans, by a duly licensed Professional Electrical
Engineer in case of electrical plans, by a duly licensed Sanitary Engineer in case of
sanitary or plumbing installations of more than 20 units or Master Plumber in case
of sanitary or plumbing installation not exceeding 20 units, by a Sanitary Engineer
for sanitary installation of more than 20 units or Master Plumber for Sanitary
installation not exceeding 20 units that the sanitary facilities are in order and by a
Professional Electrical Engineer that the electrical installation are safe and in
accordance with the basic requirements of the NBC.
b. A Certificate from a duly licensed Civil Engineer or Architect that the structure is
safe, and the fire safety provisions are in order.
3.1.1.4
In the case of Category II and III Buildings/Structures (commercial, industrial and
institutional buildings including multi-family living units such as accessories,
apartments, dormitories, hotels and the like):
a.
TCT, tax declaration with current tax receipts, deed of sale, lease contract or
contract to purchase as the case may be, of the lot and/or building/structure.
b.
As-built plans (Location and Site Plan, Architectural, Electrical, and
Sanitary/Plumbing Plans) signed by a duly licensed Architect or Civil Engineer in
case of architectural and structural plans, by a duly licensed Professional
Electrical Engineer in case of electrical plans, by a duly licensed Professional
Mechanical Engineer in case of mechanical plans, by a duly licensed Sanitary
Engineer in case of sanitary or plumbing installation of more than 20 units of
Master Plumber in case of sanitary or plumbing installations, not exceeding 20
units.
c.
Certifications from a duly licensed architect and/or civil engineer, electrical
engineer, mechanical engineer and sanitary engineer or master plumber that the
building/structure is architecturally and structurally sound, and that the electrical,
mechanical (if any) and Sanitary/plumbing installations are in order (Refer to
prescribed-forms therefor).
d.
Fire Safety Inspection Certificate issued by the CLFS.
e.
ANNEX “A-3” –
AS AMENDED
NATIONAL
Buildings or houses belonging to Category I (single detached residential and
duplex) for the exclusive use of that owner/applicant shall be exempted from
payment of fees, provided that the application therefor is filed within two (2) years
from the effectivity of this Rule. Failure of house owners to avail of the two (2)
year grace period above set forth shall be a ground of the imposition of a fine of
P1.00 per square meter of floor area. For buildings/structures belonging to
Categories II and III, the fine shall be above. (This two years grace period expires
on October 23, 1980).
PROCESSING OF APPLICATIONS FOR CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY FOR
BUILDING COMPLETED PRIOR TO THE EFFECTIVITY OF THE
BUILDING CODE (P.D. 1096).
All buildings under Categories II and III in cities and municipalities with building ordinances
prior to the promulgation of P.D. 1096, shall be required to secure certificates of occupancy if same are
required under the said ordinances.
The following procedures should be followed:
1. The owner/applicant shall submit to the Building Official MPW Form No.77-005-B, duly
accomplished under oath together with the following attachments:
1.1 TCT or Real Property Tax Declaration or Deed of Absolute Sale and Tax Receipt for
the current year if the lot is owned by the applicant/owner of the building.
1.2 Contract of lease or written consent of the owner/administrator or contract to
purchase or certificate of award (in case of government lots) if the applicant is not the
owner of the lot
.
1.3 As-built plans (location and site plan, Architectural, Structural, Electrical,
Mechanical, and Sanitary/Plumbing Plans), signed and sealed by a duly licensed
Architect or Civil Engineer in case of architectural and structural plans, by a duly
licensed Professional Electrical Engineer in case of electrical plans, by a duly
Professional Mechanical Engineer in case of mechanical plans, by a duly licensed
Sanitary Engineer in case of sanitary or plumbing installation of more than 20 units or
Master Plumber in case of sanitary or plumbing installations not exceeding 20 units.
NOTE: If the building/structure is found to be non-conforming with the approved
zoning map, the pertinent provisions of the zoning ordinance of the locality shall be
applied.
1.4 Certifications from a duly licensed Civil Engineer, Electrical Engineer, Mechanical
Engineer, Sanitary Engineer or Master Plumber, that the building/structure is
structurally safe and the electrical-mechanical and sanitary installation are in order.
1.5 Fire Safety Inspection Certificate issued by the Chief of Local Fire Service, INP.
1.6 NPCC Certificate in the case of Industrial Buildings.
2. The Building Official may inspect the building to confirm the contents of the documents.
If the Building Official is satisfied that all requirements have been compiled with, he
shall issue the Certificate of Occupancy.
3. At the instance of the owner or with his written consent or authorization in each case,
buildings under Categories II and III constructed prior to the promulgation of P.D. 1096
in all other Cities and Municipalities without building ordinances or requirements for
Certificates of Occupancy, may be issued a Certificate of occupancy by the Building
Official following the same procedures enumerated above and after payment of the
corresponding fees therefor.
4. Building under Category I in all Cities and Municipalities whether or not with an existing
building ordinances prior to P.D. 1096, may be issued Certificates of Occupancy by the
Building Official at the instance of the owner or upon his written request or authorization
provided that the same procedures (1 to 2) above are followed and after payment of the
corresponding fees therefor.
FEES:
4.1 Category I (For Metro-Manila and 1st Class Cities)
a) Buildings with area not exceeding 100 sq. m. . . . . . . . P 50.00
b) Buildings with area above 100 sq.m. to 200 sq.m. . . .
75.00
c) Buildings with area above 200 sq.m. to 300 sq.m. . . .
100.00
d) Buildings with area above 300 sq.m. to 500 sq.m. . . .
200.00
e) Buildings with area above 500 sq.m. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
400.00
4.2 For all Cities and Municipalities the fees shall be 50% of the above rates.
4.3 Category II (For Metro-Manila and 1st Class Cities)
a) Buildings with area up to 5,000 sq..m. . . . . . . . . . . . .
50.00
b) Buildings with area above 5,000 sq.m. up to . . . . . . . .
10,000 sq.m.
100.00
c) Buildings with area above 10,000 sq.m. up to . . . . . . .
20,000 sq.m.
200.00
d) Buildings with area above 20,000 sq.m. up to . . . . . . .
30,000 sq.m.
400.00
e) Buildings with area above 30,000 sq.m. . . . . . . . . . . . .
800.00
4.4 For all other Cities and Municipalities the Fees shall be 50% of the above rates.
4.5 Category III (For Metro-Manila and 1st Class Cities)
a) Buildings with area up to 5,000 sq. m. . . . . . . . . . . . .
30.00
b) Buildings with area above 5,000 sq. m. up to . . . . . . . .
10,000 sq. m.
100.00
c) Buildings with area above 10,000 sq. m. up to . . . . . . .
20,000 sq. m.
200.00
d) Buildings with area above 20,000 sq. m. up to . . . . . . .
30,000 sq. m.
300.00
e) Buildings with area above 30,000 sq. m. . . . . . . . . . . .
600.00
4.6 For all other Cities and Municipalities the Fees shall be 50% of the above rates.
5. INTERIM GUIDELINES AND LAND DEVELOPMENT
In the absence of an official Land Use Plan, the following guidelines shall be observed:
5.1 The Building Official shall determine the major land use pattern in his respective
area of jurisdiction in consultation with the Human Settlements Regulatory
Commission (HSRC) or the local planning and/or development body. All new
building constructions shall conform to this major use pattern.
5.2 Any form of land development such as site grading, construction of curbs and
gutters, fencing, etc., shall not be allowed unless adequate provisions for
environmental protection are made to safeguard the areas adjacent to the proposed
development from flooding, pollution and other physical ill effects.
5.3 In cases of large-scale land development covering an area of 2,500 square meters or
more, the consent of the homeowners and/or barangay association and adjacent
property owners shall first be obtained before any permit is issued.
5.4 All land development projects covering housing subdivision and residential
condominium shall conform to the rules and regulations promulgated under PD 953
and 957 by the National Housing Authority (NHA).(NOTE: Under Executive Order
No. 648 issued by President Marcos on Feb. 8, 1978, the NHA regulatory functions
were transferred to the HSRC.)
RULE III: ASSESSMENT, IMPOSITION AND COLLECTION OF FEES
Pursuant to Section 203 of the National Building Code (PD 1096) the Building Official is
hereby authorized to collect fees and charges for services rendered in connection with the processing and
issuance of the following building permits and the performance of other regulatory functions:
1. Kinds of Permits:
1.1 Zoning and Land use Verification
1.2 Establishment of Line and Grade
1.3 Excavation and Ground Preparation Permit
1.4 Building Permit, for the construction, erection, addition, alteration, renovation, conversion,
repair, moving or demolition of residential, commercial, industrial, institutional,
recreational, agricultural, ancillary, temporary and other buildings/structures.
Examples:
Residential
– Single detached dwellings and duplexes for use of
owners, “on-campus”
dormitories, rectories,
convents and monasteries, residential condominiums
owned by occupants, army barracks, etc.
Commercial
– Single detached dwellings and duplexes for lease,
boarding houses, apartments, accesorias, hotels and
inns, “off-campus” dormitories, transportation and
terminals and stations, night clubs and dance halls,
restaurants, markets and shopping centers, theaters,
sports stadia, grandstands, gasoline, service stations,
parking garages, funeral parlors, etc.
Industrial
– Factories, plants, mills, arsenals, breweries, processing
plants,gas generating plants, shipyards, aircraft
hangars, slipways, drydocks and piers, lumber mills,
warehouse, storage tanks, grain and cement silos, etc.
Institutional
– Educational institutions, libraries, museums,
clubhouses, hospitals, sanitaria, asylums, homes for the
aged, jails, police and fire stations, places of worship,
etc.
Recreational
– Cinemas, billiard halls, disco pads, amusement houses,
etc.
Agricultural
–
Barns, poultry houses, hatcheries, piggeries, stables,
greenhouses, granaries, etc.
Ancillary
– Garages, carports, tanks, towers, smokestacks and
chimneys, vaults, swimming pools, pelota courts,
aviaries, aquariums, zoo structures, fire walls and
fences over 1.80 meters in height, etc.
Temporary
– Field offices, laborers’ quarters, canopies and railings,
protective fencing, etc.
Others
– Cemetery structures such as mausoleums, tombs, multilevel niches, etc.
1.5 Demolition Permit
1.6 Moving Permit
1.7 Sanitary/Plumbing Permit, for the installation, alteration or repair of sanitary, plumbing,
water supply and drainage systems.
1.8 Electrical Permit, for the installation, alteration or repair of any electrical system.
1.9 Temporary Service Connection Permit
1.10 Pole/Attachment Location Plan Permit
1.11 Mechanical Permit, for the installation, alteration or repair of elevators, lifts
Escalators, dumbwaiters, conveyors, boilers, pumps, fans and blowers, pressure
vessels, furnaces, steam or pneumatically activated machinery or heat producing
apparatus, air conditioning or refregerating equipment or plant, including piping or
duct work and appurtenances thereto, gas and fuel supply systems, etc.
1.12 Fencing permit, for construction of fences up to 1.80 meters in height and made of
materials other than those mentioned in Section 14.1 of this Rule.
1.13 Sidewalk Construction Permit
1.14 Temporary Sidewalk Enclosure and Occupancy Permit
1.15 Scaffolding Permit, for the erection of scaffoldings on public areas.
1.16 Certificate of Use or Occupancy, for full or partial, permanent or temporary use or
occupancy and any change of use or occupancy.
1.17 Annual inspection of buildings/structures and their sanitary/plumbing, electriacal and
mechanical installations, machinery and equipment.
1.18 Sign Permit, for the erection, installation, repair, alteration or removal of signs, as
enumerated in Rule V.
1.19 Communications/Electronics Permit
1.
Assestment of building permit fees shall be based on the following:
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
2.
Type of Occupancy or Use of Building
Cost of Construction*
Floor Area
Hieght
* Cost of construction is the cost per square meter of floor area of building,
based on group classification, as shown in Section 4 of this Rule.
For the purpose of fixing the amount of fees based on the use or occupancy of the
building/structure, the group occupancy classification of buildings enumerated in Section
401 of the National Building Code (PD 1096) shall be the term of reference:
Occupancy groups are classified into five categories, namely:
3.1 CATEGORY I - Residential – This shall comprise Group A and partly Group
buildings.
3.2 CATEGORY II - Commercial and Industrial – This shall comprise Groups B, C,
E, F, G, H and I buildings.
3.3 CATEGORY III - Social, Educational and Institutional – This shall comprise
partly Groups C, D, E and H buildings.
3.4 CATEGORY IV - Agricultural – This shall copmprise Partly J buildings.
3.5 CATEGORY V - Ancillary – This shall comprise partly Group J buildings.
CLASIFICATION
CATEGORY
GROUP
USE OR OCCUPANCY
Residential
I
Residential
Buildings for
The exclusive
Use of the
Owners or
Non-leasing
Occupants.
II
Commercial
A
a. Indigenous family dwelling units.
b. Single detached dwelling units.
c. Duplexes,
d. School or company staff housing units.
e. Church rectories.
____
A
a. Multiple dwelling units or high rise residential
condominiums or tenement houses which are
directly owned by / sold to the occupants.
b. School and camp dormitories (on campus).
c. Convents and monasteries.
d. Army barracks.
__________________________________________________________________
B
a. Leased out single detached dwelling units,
cottages with more than one independent
sleeping units and duplexes.
b. Boarding or lodging houses.
c. Accesorias, tenement houses and row houses.
d. Massage and sauna parlors.
e. Hotels, motels, inns, pension houses.
f. Private or “off campus” dormitories.
_____________________________________________________________________
C
a. Amusement halls and parlors.
b. Billiard halls, pool rooms, bowling alleys.
c. Health studios, reducing saloons.
d. Massage and sauna parlors.
e. Dancing schools, disco pads, dance halls.
f. Gymnasia and pelota courts.
_____________________________________________________________________
E-1
a. Gasoline filling and service stations.
b. Commercial garages and parking buildings,
display garages for cars, tractors, etc.
c. Boat storage structures where no work is done
except exchange of parts and maintenance
requiring no open flame, welding or the use of
highly flammable liquids.
d. Bus depots and terminals.
e. Train stations and terminals.
f. Transportation offices.
g. Carbarns for street cars and buses.
h. Port and harbor facilities, landings, pier sheds,
ferry landing stations.
i. Airport terminal buildings, heliports.
j. Piers and wharves.
_____________________________________________________________________
E-2
a. General wholesale and retail stores.
b. Shopping centers and supermarkets.
c. local wet and dry markets.
d. Restaurants having an occupant load of less than 100
persons.
e. Drinking and dining establishments having an occupant
load of less than 100 persons.
f. Day and night clubs, bars and cocktail lounges, beer
gardens.
g. Paint stores without bulk handling.
h. Engraving, photo developing and printing shops.
i. Photographer and painter studios, tailoring and
haberdashery shops.
j. Printing and publishing plants offices.
k. Office buildings.
l. Financial institutions
m. Funeral parlors, morgues and crematories.
n. Memorial and mortuary chapels.
o. Telephone and telegraph exchanges.
p. Radio and TV broadcasting and transmitting studios.
q. Battery shops, auto repair shops.
r. Factories and workshops using non-highly flamable or noncombustible materials.
s. Bakeries, pastry shops and bakeshops.
____________________________________________________________________
E-3
a. Aircraft hangars.
b. Open parking garages where no repair work is
done except exchange of parts and maintenance
requiring no open flame, welding or the use of
highly flammable liquids.
_____________________________________________________________________
H-1
Assembly buildings with stage and having an
Occupant load of less than 1000 in the building:
a. Theaters and auditoriums.
b. Concert halls and opera houses.
c. Convention halls.
d. Theaters-restaurants.
e. Little theaters, audio-visual rooms.
_____________________________________________________________________
H-2
Assembly buildings without stage and having an
Occupant load of 300 or more;
a. Dance halls, cabarets, ballrooms.
b. Skating rinks.
c. Cockfighting arenas.
_____________________________________________________________________
H-3
Assembly buildings without stage and having an
Occupant load of less than 300:
a. Dance halls, ball rooms.
b. Skating rinks.
_____________________________________________________________________
H-4
a. Sports stadiums.
b. Reviewing stands.
c. Covered amusement parks.
d. Boxing arenas, jai-alai stadiums.
e. Race tracks and hippodromes.
_____________________________________________________________________
I
Assembly buildings with stage and having an
Occupant load of 1000 or more;
Industrial
a. Collisea and sports complexes.
b. Theaters and convention halls.
c. Concert halls and opera houses.
_____________________________________________________________________
F
a. Ice plants and cold storage plants.
f.
Power plants (thermal, hydro-electric or
Geothermal.)
c. Pumping plants (water supply, storm drainage,
sewerage and irregation.)
d. Diaries and creameries.
e. Factories and workshops using incombustible or
non-explosive materials.
f. Rice mills, sugar centrals.
g. Breweries, bottling pants, canneries and tanneries.
_____________________________________________________________________
G-1
Storage and handling of hazardous and highly
Flammable materials:
a. Storage tanks, buildings for storing gasoline,
Acetylene, LPG, calcium carbide, oxygen, hydrogen, etc.
b. Armories and arsenals, munitions factories.
c. Match factories.
d. Firewalks factories.
e. Plastics resins plants (monomer and polymer).
f. Plastics compounding plants.
g. Plastics processing plants.
h. Factories for highly flamable chemicals.
i. Acetylene, oxygen generating plants.
j. Cooking oil and soap processing plants.
_____________________________________________________________________
G-2
Storage and handling of flammable materials:
a. Dry cleaning plants using flammable liquids.
b. Paint stores with bulk handling.
c. Paint shops and spray painting rooms.
d. Sign and billboard painting shops.
_____________________________________________________________________
G-3
a. Wood working establishments, lumber and timber
yards.
b. Planning mills and sawmills, veneer plants.
c. Wood drying kilns.
d. Pulp, paper and paper board factories.
e. Wood and cardoard box factories.
f. Textile and fiber spinning mills.
g. Garment and undergarment factories.
h. Factories where loose combustible fibers or dirt are
manufacured, processed or generated.
i. Warehouses where highly combustible materials are stored.
j. Grains and cement silos.
_____________________________________________________________________
G-4
a. Repair garages and shops.
b. Shipyards, slipways and drydocks.
c. Factories for engines and turbines and attached testing
facilities.
_____________________________________________________________________
G-5
a. Aircraft repair hangars.
b. Manufacture and assembly plants, repair and
Testing shops for aircraft engines and parts.
____________________________________________________________________
III
C
a. Educational institutions (schools, colleges,
Educational,
Universities, vocational schools, seminaries and
Social and
Novitiates), including school auditoriums,
Institutional
Gymnasia, reviewing stands, little theaters and
concert halls.
b. Libraries, museums, exhibition halls and art
galleries.
c. Civic centers.
d. Clubhouses, lodges.
e. Community centers.
f. Golf club buildings.
_____________________________________________________________________
D-1
a. Mental hospitals, mental sanitaria, memtal
Asylums.
e. Jails, prisons, reformatories, correctional
Institutions.
d. Rehabilitation centers.
e. Leprosaria.
f. Quarantine stations.
_____________________________________________________________________
D-2
a. Nursery schools, nurseries and children’s
Hospitals for full time care of children below
Kindergarten age.
k. Hospitals, sanitaria, nursing homes with non –
Ambulatory patients.
l. Home for the aged.
_____________________________________________________________________
D-3
a. Nursing homes for ambulatory patients.
b. Kindergarten schools, homes for children of
Kindergarten or over.
m. Orphanages.
_____________________________________________________________________
E-2
a. Police and fire stations.
f. Guard houses.
H
Churches, mosques, temples, shrines, chapels and
Similar places of worship.
_____________________________________________________________________
IV
J-1
Agricultural buildings and sheds, including barns,
Agricultural
Poultry houses, piggeries, hatcheries, stables,
Cowsheds; also greenhouses, granaries and other
Structures for the storage of agricultural products.
_____________________________________________________________________
V
J-1
Private garages, carports.
Ancillary
J-2
a. Fences over 1.80 meters high, separate fire walls
h. Steel and concrete tanks.
i. Towers and silos, smokestacks and chimneys.
j. Swimming pools, including shower and locker rooms.
k. Stages, platforms and similar structures.
l. Pelota courts.
m. Aviaries and aquariums, zoo structures.
_____________________________________________________________________
Regardless of the type of connection, the cost of construction of any building
3.
For the purpose of assesing the corresponding permit fees and certificate of
Occupancy is hereby fixed as follows:
Cost / Square meter
___________________________________________________
Category
Category
Category
GROUP
I, II, III
IV
V
________________
______________________________________________________
I. Metro Manila and P 1,000.00
P 200.00
P 500.00
First Class Cities.
II. Second Class Cities
800.00
160.00
400.00
And First Class Municipalities.
III. All Others.
600.00
120.00
300.00
4.
No fees shall be charged on the following applications:
4.1
Construction / addition / renovation / alteration of traditional indigenous family
dwelling units as defined under Section 209 of the Code.
4.2
Construction / addition / renovation / alteration of public buildings. For purpose
Of this rule the terms “PUBLIC BUILDING OR STRUCTURES’ refers to any
Building owned, occupied and operated by regular and / or specialized agencies or
offices performing purely governmental functions.
4.3
Construction / addition / renovation / alteration introduced or undertaken by
The National Housing Authority on government owned tenement houses and
Other housing units while the title of the lot is still under the name of government.
4.4
Reconstruction of buildings or structures damaged or destroyed by typhoons , fires,
earthquakes or other calamities, provided that the cost of such reconstruction shall not
exceed twenty percent (20%) of the original construction cost based on the schedule of
rates provided in this rule and that an application therefor is filed with the Building
Official together with the Certificate of Damage which shall be obtained from the
office of the Building Official not later than thirty (30) days after the occurrence of
such calamity.
5.
4.5
Construction of buildings or structures by civic organizations, charitable institutions to
be donated to the government for public use.
4.6
Costruction / addition / renovation / alteration / repair of buildings / structures and / or
electrical equipment / installations owned by electric cooperatives
Organized and / or operating pursuant to PD 269. However, individual household
members of such cooperatives are not exempt.
Zoning and Land Verification Fee:
5.1
Metro Manila and First Class Cities:
a.)
b.)
c.)
d.)
e.)
5.2
Category I …………………………………………………P 10.00
Category II ………………………………………………… 30.00
Category III ………………………………………………… 20.00
Category IV ………………………………………………… 5.00
Category V …..accdg. to category of principal building/structure.
All other cities and municipalities:
50% of the above rates.
7. Establishment of Line and Grade:
7.1
Metro Manila and First Class Cities:
a.) All sides fronting or abutting-streets, esteros, rivers and creeks:
1. First 10 meters
…………………………………………………..P 20.00
2.
Every meter or fraction thereof
In excess of 10 m ………………………………………… 1.00
b.)
7.2
8.
All other sides:
Every meter of fraction thereof
………………………………
0.50
All other cities and municipalities:
50% of the above rates.
Schedule of Building Permit Fees:
8.1
The building Permit Fee includes the excavation fee for the foundation. However,
while the application is still being processed, the Building Official may allow
excavation for the foundation and basement, for which the following fees shall be
charged:
a.)
Excavation for foundation
Per cu.m. of excavation………………………………………………. 2.00
Excavation for basement,
Per cu.m. of excavation………………………………………………..2.00
NOTE:The fee paid therefor shall be deducted from the total building permit
Fees.
8.2
Construction / addition / renovation / alteration of buildings under CATEGORY
shall be assesed according to the following rates:
b.)
Metro Manila
2nd Class
All Others
And all
Cities and
A R E A 1st Class
1st Class
Cities
Municipalities
Fee / sq.m.
Fee / sq.m.
Fee / sq.m.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------a.) Original complete
Exempted
Exempted
Exempted
construction
up to 20 sq.m.
b.) Addition/ renovation P 2.00
P 1.50
P 1.00
alteration up to 20 sq.m.
c.) Above 20 sq.m/
2.00
1.50
1.00
up to 50 sq.m.
d.) Above 50 sq.m.
4.00
3.00
2.00
up to 100 sq.m.
e.) Above 100 sq.m.
5.00
4.00
2.00
up to 150 sq.m.
f.) Above 150 sq.m.
6.00
5.00
3.50
* Regardless of floor area of original construction.
NOTE:For CATEGORY I buildings the area and the rate corresponding to the properarea
bracket are multiplied directly.
Examples: A single detached dwelling within Metro Manila with a floor
75 sq.m.
area of
Sample Computation:
Location is Metro Manila, therefore use 1st column of fees.
Floor area = 75 sq.m.
Therefore area bracket is (d),
Fee = P 2.00 / sq.m.
Building Permit Fee:
75 x 2.00 = P 150.00
8.3
Construction / addition / renovation / alteration of buildings under CATEGORY II
shall be assesed according to the following areas:
Manila
AREA
Metro
Cities
1st Class 2ND Class All Others
Cities and
1st Class
I
In sq.m.
Fee /
Fee /
Municipalities
Sq.m.
sq.m.
Fee / sq.m. Fee / sq.m.
----------------- ------------ ------------ -------------------- -------------a.) Up to 5,000 P 19.00
P 12.00
P 9.60
P 7.20
b.) Above 5,000
18.00
11.00
8.80
6.60
up to 6,000
c.) Above 6,000
17.00
10.50
8.40
6.30
up to 7,000
d.) Above 7,000
16.00
10.00
8.00
6.00
up to 8,000
e.) Above 8,000
15.00
9.50
7.60
5.70
up to 9,000
f.) Above 9,000
14.00
9.20
7.40
5.50
up to 10,000
g.) Above 10,000 13.00
8.00
6.40
4.80
up to 15,000
h.) Above 15,000 12.00
7.00
5.60
4.20
up to 20,000
i.) Above 20,000 11.00
6.00
4.80
3.60
up to 30,000
j.) Above 30,000 9.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
NOTE:Computation of the building permit fee for CATEGORY II buildings
is
cumulative. The total area is split up into sub-areas corresponding
To the area bracket indicated in the table above. Each sub-area and the
corresponding to its area bracket are multiplied together. The building permit
fee is the sum of the individual products as shown in the following example.
Example:
An industrial having a floor area of 32,000 sq.m. to be constructed in a
first class city outside Metro Manila. The 2nd column of fees is to be
used.
Computation for building permit fee:
First 5,000 sq.m., @ 6.00……………………………………P 30,000.00
Next 1,000 sq.m., @ 5.50 …………………………………… 5,500.00
Next 1,000 sq.m., @ 5.25 ……………………………………
5,250.00
Next 1,000 sq.m., @ 5.00 ……………………………………
5,000.00
Next 1,000 sq.m., @ 4.75 …………………………………… 4,750.00
Next 1,000 sq.m., @ 4.60 …………………………………… 4,600.00
Next 5,000 sq.m., @ 4.00 …………………………………… 20,000.00
Next 5,000 sq.m., @ 3.50 …………………………………… 17,500.00
Next 10,000 sq.m., @ 3.00 …………………………………… 30,000.00
Last 2,000 sq.m., @ 2.50 ……………………………………
5,000.00
Total Building Permit Fee……………………………………P 127,600.00
8.4 Construction / addition / renovation / alteration of buildings under CATEGORY
shall assessed according to the following rates:
III
Metro-Manila
2nd Class
And
Cities and
st
1 Class
1st Class
All others
Cities
Municipalities
A R E A Fee / sq.m.
Fee / sq.m.
Fee / sq.m.
____________________________________________________________________________
a.) Up to 5,000
P10.00
P 8.00
P 6.00
b.) Above 5,000sq.m. 9.00
7.50
5.50
up to 6,000 sq.m.
c.) Above 6,000 sq.m. 8.50
7.00
5.00
up to 7,000 sq.m.
d.) Above 7,000 sq.m. 8.00
6.50
4.75
up to 8,000 sq.m.
e.) Above 8,000 sq.m. 7.50
6.00
4.50
up to 9,000 sq.m.
f.) Above 9,000 sq.m. 7.00
5.50
4.00
up to 10,000 sq.m.
g.) Above 10,000 sq.m. 6.00
5.00
3.75
up to 15,000 sq.m.
h.) Above 15,000 sq.m. 5.50
4.50
3.50
up to 20,000 sq.m.
i.) Above 20,000 sq.m. 5.00
4.00
3.00
up to 30,000 sq.m.
j.) Above 30,000 sq.m. 4.00
3.00
2.50
NOTE:Computation of the building permit fee for CATEGORY III buildings
the example of CATEGORY II, above, section 8.3.
8.5
follows
Construction / addition / renovation / alteration of buildings / structures under
CATEGORY IV for agricultural purposes (includes greenhouses, granaries, barns,
poultry houses, piggeries, hatcheries, stables, cowsheds and other structures for the
storage of agricultural products and the like) shall be assessed according to the
following rates:
Metro-Manila
2ND Class All Others
and
Cities and
1st Class
1st Class
Cities
Municipalities
AREA
Fee / sq.m.
Fee / sq.m. Fee / sq.m.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------a.) Up to 20 sq.m.Exempted
b.) Above 20 sq.m. P 2.00
up to 500 sq.m.
c.) Above 500 sq.m.
1.50
up to 1,000 sq.m.
Exempted Exempted
P 1.00
P .80
.80
.60
d.) Above 1,000 sq.m.
up to 5,000 sq.m.
e.) Above 5,000 sq.m.
up to 10,000 sq.m.
f.) Above 10,000 sq.m.
1.20
.70
.50
1.00
.50
.30
.50
.20
.10
NOTE:Computation of the building permit fee for CATEGORY IV buildings follows
the example of CATEGORY II, above, Section 8.3.
8.6
Construction / addition / renovation / alteration of buildings / structures under
CATEGORY V shall assessed in accordance with the following:
a.)
Buildings belonging ti division 1 of group J Occupancies, such as private garages and
carports (excluding sheds and agricultural buildings grouped under CATEGORY IV )
shall be charged 50% of the rate of the principal building of which they are
accessories. See Section 8.2 to 8.4 of this rule.
b.)
All parts of buildings which are open on two more sides, such as balconies, terraces,
lanais, and the like, shall be charged 50% of the rate of the principal building of which
they are a part. See section 8.2 to 8.4.
c.)
Aviaries, aquariums, zoo structures and the like shall be charged in accordance with
the rates for agricultural structures provided under Section 8.5 above.
d.)
Fees for other ancillary structure included under division 2 of group J occupancies are
provided for elsewhere in this rule, under proper headings.
8.7
Footings or foundation of buildings / structures permitted under Section 1002 of the
Code:
8.8
Buildings with a height of more than eight (8.00) meters shall be charged an additional
fee of twenty centavos (.20) per cubic meter above (8.00) meters.
The height shall be measured from the ground level up to the bottom of the roof slab or
the top line of girt, whichever applies.
8.9
Alteration / renovation / improvement on vertical dimensions of buildings / structures,
such as facades, exterior and interior walls, shall be assessed in accordance with the
following rates:
Concrete,
Bricks, or
C.H.B. and
the like
_____________________________
a.)
Metro Manila and first Class Cities, per
Others
b.)
8.10
sq.m. of vertical area .....................
P 4.00
All other cities and municipalities, per
sq.m. of vertical area .....................
2.00
P 3.00
1.50
Alteration / renovation / improvement on horizontal dimensions of buildings /
structures, such as floorings, ceilings and roofing shall be assessed in accordance with
the following percentages of the fees prescribed under Sections 8.2 to 8.5 of this rule,
whichever CATEGORY applies.
a.) Concrete, bricks or tiles and the like .......................................50%
b.) Others ...........................................................................................30%
8.11
Repairs on Buildings / Structures:
8.11.1 Categories I, II, and III
a.)
b.)
Repairs costing up to P5,000.00.............................Exempted
Repairs costing more than P5,000 shall be charged 1% of the estimated
cost of repair.
8.11.2 Category IV:
a.)
b.)
Repairs cosing up to P1,000.00 ............................Exempted
Repairs costing more than P1,000 shall be charged 1% of the estimated
cost of repair.
8.11.3 Category V:
a.)
c.)
8.12
Repairs costing up to P2,000 .............................Exempted
Repairs costing more than P2,000 shall be charged 1% of the estimated
cost of repair.
Raising of Buildings / Structures:
Assessment of fees for raising of any building / structure shall be on the new usable
floor area generated.
The fees to be charged shall be as prescribed under Section 8.2 to 8.5 of this Rule,
whichever Categories applies.
8.13
Demotion / Moving of buildings / Structures:
a.)
b.)
Demotion fee, per sq.m. of area involved..................................... 2.00
Moving Fee,* per sq.m.
of area of buildings / structures to be moved................................ 2.00
*
If a building / structure, for which a moving permit has been issued,
is already covered by a building permit and certificate of occupancy, a
new building permit shall not be required therefor at its new site.
NOTE:Before the issuance of a moving permit:
1.
If the buildings / structures to be moved will pass over any
highway/street/road, a clearance shall first be obtained by the owner
from the proper Highways / Traffic Authority.
2.
Should any utility line ba affected, the utility company concerned shall
be notified by the owner and clearance secured from them.
a. Pursuant to Section 503 of the code, any building moved within or
into any fire zone shall be made to comply with all the requirements
for buildings in that fire zone.
8.14
Construction of Slipways.* (See note following Section 8.17)
Per lineal meter or fraction thereof slipway................................150.00
NOTE:This fee includes the cradle. However the winch motor shall be charged
separately.
8.15
Construction of Dry Docks;* (See Note following Section 8.17)
Per cubic meter or fraction thereof .....................................20.00
NOTE:The pumps and motors shall be charged separately.
8.16
Construction of Wharves, Docks and Piers.* (See note following Section 8.17)
a.)
b.)
8.17
Wood per sq.m. or fraction thereof...............................................2.00
Reinforced concrete, per sq.m. or fraction thereof.......................4.00
Construction of Piers Sheds/Warehouses/Camarines:*
See schedule of Fees Under Section 8.3 of this Rule. (Category II buildings.)
*
Before the issuance of the building permit, clearance shall first be obtained by
the owner from the proper authority, such as the Philippine Ports Authority,
Philippine Cost Guard, Bureau of Public Works, etc.
9. ANCILLARY STRUCTURES:
9.1
Bank and Records Vaults:
per cu.m. or fraction there.......................................................................30.00
9.2
Swimming Pools:
a.)
b.)
c.)
Residential, per cu.m. or fraction thereof.....................................5.00
Commercial, per cu.m. fraction thereof.......................................15.00
Social/Institutional, per cu.m. or fraction thereof.........................10.00
NOTE:Swimming pools improvised from local indigenous materials such as rocks, stones,
and or small boulders and with plain cement flooring shall be charged
50% of the above rates.
Ancillary structures to swimming pools, such as shower rooms, locker rooms and the
like shall be charged 50% of the rates corresponding to the category of swimming
pool, as provided for under Sections 8.2 to 8.4 of this Rule.
9.3
Costruction of firewalls separate from the building:
per sq.m. or fraction thereof.........................................................................2.00
Provided, that the minimum fee shall be ..................................................40.00
9.4
Construction/erection of towers:
Including Radio and TV towers, water tank supporting structures and like
a.) Residential
.....................................................................Exempted
b.) Commercial/Industrial
Self-Supporting
Trillon (Guyed)
1. Up to 10 meters
2,000.00
200.00
in height
2. Every meter or
100.00
10.00
fraction thereof in excess of 10m.
c.)
Institutional
1.
Up to 10 meter
in height
1,500.00
100.00
2.
Every meter or fraction
Thereof in excess of 10m.
100.00
10.00
NOTE:Towers with platforms or floors shall be charged an additional fee in accordance with
Sections 8.3 to 8.4 of this Rule.
9.5
Commercial/Industrial Storage Silos:
a.) Up to 10 meters in height .............................................2,000.00
b.) Every meter or fraction thereof in excess of 10m.................... 100.00
NOTE:Silos with platforms or floors shall be charged an additional fee in accordance with
Section 8.3 and 8.4 of this rule.
9.6
Construction of smokestacks and chimneys for commercial / Industrial Use:
9.6.1
9.6.2
Smokestacks:
a.)
Up to 10 meters in height, measured from the base…200.00
b.)
Every meter or fraction thereof in excess 0f 10 m…… 10.00
Chimneys:
a.)
Up to 10 meters in height, measured from the base……40.00
b.)
Every meter or fraction thereof in excess of 10 m………. 1.00
9.7
Construction of commercial / industrial fixed ovens:
Per sq.m. or fraction thereof interior floor areas……………………………40.00
9.8
Construction of Industrial Kiln / Furnace:*
Per cu.m. or fraction thereof volume…………………………………………10.00
*
Furnaces connected with boilers are exempt from this fee. The fee for the
boiler includes rhe fee for the furnace.
9.9
Construction of reinforced concrete or steel tanks for category I buildings:
a.) Up to 2 cu.m. ………………………………………………….Exempted
b.) Every cu.m. or fraction thereof in excess of 2 cu. m………………10.00
9.10
Construction of reinforced Concrete Tanks for Commercial / Industrial use:
a.) Up to 10 cu.m.……………………………………………………400.00
b.) Every cu.m. or fraction thereof in excess of 10 cu. m. ……….
20.00
9.11
Construction of waste treatment Tanks: (Including Sedimentation and Chemical
Treatment Tanks)
Per cu.m. of volume ………………………………………………………2.00
9.12
Construction of Steel Tanks for Commercial / Industrial Use:
9.12.1 Above Ground:
a.)
b.)
Up to 10 cu.m………………………………………………………400.00
Ecery cu.m. or fraction thereof in excess of 10 cu.m.
Up to 100 cu.m. ……………………………………………………. 20.00
c.)
Every cu.m. or fraction thereof in excess of 100 cu.m.
Up to 1,000 cu.m…..…..………………………………………….. 16.00
d.)
Every cu.m. or fraction thereof in excess of 1000 cu.m.
Up to 5,000 cu.m. ………………………………………………… 12.00
e.)
Every cu.m. or fraction thereof in excess of 5,000 cu.m.
Up to 10,000 cu.m. ……………………………………………….. 8.00
f.)
Every cu. m. or fraction thereof in excess of 10,000 cu.m.
Up to 20,000 cu.m……………………………………… …………. 6.00
g.) Every cu.m. or fraction thereof in excess of 20,000 cu.m……… 4.00
9.12.2 Underground:
a.) Up to 20 cu.m.……………………………………………………..600.00
b.) Every cu.m. or fraction thereof in excess of 20 cu.m.………… 20.00
9.13
Pull-outs and reinstallation of Commercial / Industrial Steel Tanks:
9.13.1 Underground:
Per cu.m. or fraction thereof of excavation
………………………….. 2.00
9.13.2 Saddle or trestle mounted horizontal tanks:
Per cu.m. or fraction thereof of volume of tanks……………………2.00
9.13.3 Reinstallation of vertical storage tanks shall be considered as new construction.
Corresponding fees shall be charged in accordance with Section 9.12.1 above.
9.14
Booths, Kiosks, Platforms, Stages and the like:
9.14.1 Construction of permanent type booths, kiosks, platforms, stages and the like
per sq.m. or fraction thereof of floor area ………………… 8.00
9.14.4 Construction of temporary type of booths, kiosks, platforms, satages, field
offices, laborer’s quarter and the like:
Per sq.m. or fractional thereof of floor area………………………….4.00
9.14.3 Inspection of knock down type temporary booths, platforms, stages and the like
per unit ……………………………………………..20.00
10.
Construction of Tombs and Canopies, Mausoleums and Niches in Cemeteries
And Memorial Parks:
Metro-Manila
2nd Class All
And
Cities and
Others
1st Class
1st Class
Cities
Municipalities
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
11.
Plain tombs, cenotaphs or
Monuments without backdrop
Wall, canopy or roofing
Exempt
Canopied tombs, wether partially
Or totally roofed over, per sq.m.
Of covered area
4.00
Exempt
Exempt
3.00
2.00
Semi-enclosed mausoleums,
Per sq.m. of built-up area
4.00
4.00
3.00
Totally enclosed mausoleums,
Per sq.m. of floor area
10.00
8.00
2.00
Multi-level interment niches,
Per sq.m. of floor area, per level
Sanitary / Plumbing Permit Fees:
4.00
3.00
2.00
11.1
Installation Fees:
a.)
One unit, composed of one water closet, two floor drains, one lavatory, two faucets
and one shower head …………………………………………… 20.00
b.) Every fixture in excess of one unit:
1. Each water closet …………………………………………… 6.00
2. Each floor drain
…………………………………………… 2.00
3. Each sink
…………………………………………… 2.00
4. Each lavatory
…………………………………………… 6.00
5. Each faucet
…………………………………………… 1.50
6. Each shower head …………………………………………… 1.50
7. Each slop sink
…………………………………………... 6.00
8. Each Urinal
…………………………………………… 3.00
9. Each bath tub
…………………………………………… 6.00
10. Each grease trap …………………………………………… 6.00
11. Each garage trap …………………………………………… 6.00
12. Each bidette
…………………………………………… 3.00
13. Each dental cuspidor …………………………………………… 3.00
14. Each gas-fired water heater………………………………………. 3.00
15 Each drinking fountain ………………………………………….. 1.50
16. Each bar or soda fountain sink…………………………………… 3.00
17. Each laundry sink …………………………………………… 3.00
18. Each laboratory sink …………………………………………… 3.00
19. Each fixed-type sterilizer…………………………………………… 1.50
20. Each water meter …………………………………………… 1.50
11.2
Construction of specific vault:
a.) Category I (Residential) ……………………………………… Exempted
b.) All other categories:
1. Up to 5 cu.m. of digestion chamber……………………. 20.00
2. Every cu.m. or fraction thereof in excess of 5 cu.m….. 6.00
12.
ELECTRICAL PERMIT FEES:
12.1
Lighting and Power System:
a.) Each switch, lighting and or convenience outlet…………………. .80
b.) Each remote control master switch ………………………….20.00
c.) Each special purpose outlet of 20 amperes capacity or more…..
2.00
d.) Each time switch …………………………………………….. 2.00
12.2
Appliances for commercial / industrial use:
a.)
Each range or heater:
1. Up to 1 kw……………………………………………. 2.00
3.
Every kw or fraction thereof in excess of one kw………. 1.00
b.) Each refrigerator or freezer …………………………………… 4.00
c.) Each washing machine or dryer …………………………………… 4.00
d.) Each commercially used hair curling
appratus or hair dryer ……………………………………………. 4.00
e.) Each fixed-type electric fan ………………………………….. 2.00
g.)
Each electric typewritter, cash register or adding machine…….. 2.00
12.3
Electrical equipment or apparatus for commercial / industrial use:
a.)
b.)
c.)
d.)
e.)
Each electric bell, annunciator system…………………………… 4.00
Each fire alarm unit …………………………………………… 2.00
Each arc (light) lamp …………………………………………… 10.00
Each flasher, beacon light…………………………………………. 4.00
Each X-Ray Equipment …………………………………………… 20.00
f.) Each battery charging rectifier…………………………………….
10.00
g.) Each electric welder:
1. Up to 1 KVA / KW …………………………………. 4.00
2. Every KVA / KW or fraction thereof in excess of
1 KVA / KW …………………………………………… 2.00
h.) Each Neon sign transformer …………………………………. 2.00
i.) Each Neon sign unit …………………………………………… 2.00
j.)
Each telephone switchboard:
(PBX, PABX, TELEX machine, etc.,)…………………………….. 10.00
k.) Each trunkline ……………………………………………………. 4.00
l.) Each telephone apparatus………………………………………… 2.00
m.) Each intercom master …………………………………………… 2.00
n.) Each slave …………………………………………………….. 1.00
12.4
Motion Picture Projectors fo commercial use:
a.) 16 mm., per unit …………………………………………. 60.00
b.) 35 mm., per unit ………………………………………….. 80.00
b.)
70 mm. And above, per unit……………………………………… 140.00
12.5
12.6
a.)
b.)
c.)
d.)
TV Cameras for commercial / indutrial use:
Per unit …………………………………………………………….
Motors and Controlling Apparatus:
Per unit :
Up to ¼ HP …………………………………………………..
4.00
Above ¼ HP up to 1 HP …………………………………………
6.00
Above 1 HP up to 5 HP …………………………………………
8.00
Above 5 HP up to 10 HP………………………………………… 12.00
40.00
e.) Above 10 HP up to 20 HP……………………………………….
f.) Every HP in excess of 20 HP……………………………………
12.7
Generators (AC or DC) :
Per unit:
a.)
b.)
c.)
d.)
e.)
12.8
20.00
1.00
Up to 1 KW …………………………………………………..
4.00
Above 1 KW up to 5 KW …………………………………………
8.00
Above 5 KW up to 10 KW………………………………………. 10.00
Above 10 KW up to 20 KW……………………………………… 20.00
Every KW or fraction thereof in excess of 20 KW…………….
1.00
Transformer and Sub-station Equipment:
a.) Each transformer up to 1 KVA ………………………………..
2.00
b.) Every KVA or fraction thereof in excess of 1 KVA up to
2,000 KVA, (based on nameplate rating)…………………….
1.00
c.) Each transformer above 2,000 KVA …………………………. 2,000.00
d.) Each safety switch or circuit breaker up to 50 amperes and
not exceeding 600 volts………………………………………..
2.00
e.) Each safety switch, air circuit breaker, Oil circuit breaker
or vacuum circuit breaker, other than motor controlling
apparatus, above 50 amperes up to 100 amperes, and
not exceeding 600 volts ………………………………………
4.00
f.) Every 50 amperes or fraction thereof in excess of 100 amperes. 1.00
h.)
Every 10,000 amperes or fraction thereof of interrupting capacity
Of every air circuit breaker or vacuum circuit breaker operating
Above 600 volts. ……………………………………….
4.00
NOTE:Machinery, equipment and installation of utility companies used in the
generation, transmission and distribution of power shall not be subject to
Permit and Inspection fees.
12.9
Each temporary lighting or convenience outlet for celebrations, ferias or construction
purposes …………………………………………………….. 0.80
12.10 Other electrical apparatus or appliances not otherwise provided in this section
KW or fraction thereof …………………………………………… 4.00
12.11 Temporary Current Connection:
a.)
Every
Temporary Current Connection Permit shall be issued for testing purposes only
in commercial and / or industrial establishment:
Regular fees shall be charged and collected in accordance with the fees
prescribed in this Sections.
b.) If no final approval is issued within 60 days, a new wiring permit shall
and all corresponding permit fees shall be paid.
be secured
12.12 Pole / Attachment Location Plan Permit:
a.)
Approved Pole Location Plan Permit, per pole:
1. Metro Manila ………………………………………… 20.00
3.
All other cities and municipalities…………………….. 10.00
b.)
Approved Attachment Location Plan Permit, per attachment:
1. Metro Manila ………………………………………... 20.00
2. All other cities and municipalities…………………….. 10.00
12.13 Miscellaneous Fees:
12.13.1
Each union separation, alteration, reconnection or relocation of electric
meter:
a.) Residential
………………………………………..
10.00
b.) Commercial / Industrial ………………………………
40.00
c.) Institutional ………………………………………..
20.00
12.13.2Issuance of Wiring Permit :
a.) Residential
……………………………………….
8.00
b.) Commercial / Industrial……………………………….
30.00
c.) Institutional ……………………………………….
7.00
13.
Mechanical Permit Fees:
13.1 Refrigeration, Airconditioning and Mechanical Ventilation:
a.) Refrigeration (cold storage), per ton or fraction thereof………………
40.00
NOTE:Household refrigerators, freezers, fans, etc. used in single detached, duplex
Or multiple family dwellings are exempted from permit fees.
b.) Ice Plants, per ton or fraction thereof…………………………………..
60.00
c.) Package and Centralized Air Conditioning Systems:
1. Up to 100 tons, per ton ……………………………………….
80.00
2. Every ton or fraction thereof above 100 tons………………..
40.00
d.) Window type air conditioners, per unit…………………………………
60.00
NOTE:Window type air conditioners used in single deyached, duplex or multiple family
dwellings are exempted from permit fees.
e.)
Mechanical Ventilation, per HP or fraction thereof of blower or fan, or metric
equivalent……………………………………………………………….
20.00
NOTE:In a series of AC / REF systems located in one establishment, the total installed tons of
refrigeration shall be used as the basis of computation for purposes of
installation/inspection fees, and shall not be considered individually.
For evaluation purposes:
1. For Ice making
3.5 HP per ton, for compressor up to 50 tons capacity.
3.25 HP per ton, for compressors above 50 tons up to 200 tons capacity.
3.10 HP per ton, for compressors above 200 tons capacity.
2.
For Air Conditioning
1.25 HP per ton, for compressors of 1.2 tons up to 5 tons capacity.
1.10 HP per ton, for compressors above 5 tons up to 50 tons capacity.
1.0 HP per ton, for compressors above 50 tons capacity.
3.
For Commercial / Industrial / Refrigeration without Ice making:
1.5 HP per ton, for compressors of 1 ton up to 5 tons capacity.
1.4 HP per ton, for compressors above 5 tons up to 50 tons capacity.
1.3 HP per ton, for compressors above 50 tons capacity.
13.2
Escalators and Moving Walks:
a.) Up to 50 lineal meters, per lineal meters or fraction thereof……… 20.00
b.) Every lineal meter or fraction thereof in excess of 50 lineal meters..10.00
13.3
Elevators, per unit:
a.) Up to 1,000 kg. Capacity…………………………………
4,000.00
b.) Above 1,000 Kg. Capacity……………………………….
5,000.00
c.) Freight Elevators …………………………………
5,000.00
d.) Motor driven dumbwaiters……………………………….
400.00
e.) Construction elevators for materials……………………
1,000.00
f.) Car Elevators …………………………………………..
5,000.00
13.4
Boilers, per unit:
a.)
b.)
c.)
d).
e.)
f.)
g.)
Up to 10 HP …………………………………………..
Above 10 HP up to 30 HP ………………………………
Above 30 HP up to 50 HP……………………………….
Above 50 HP up to 70 HP……………………………….
Above 70 HP up to 90 HP……………………………….
Above 90 HP up to 100 HP……………………………...
Every HP above 100 HP ………………………………...
400.00
600.00
800.00
1,000.00
1,200.00
1,400.00
4.00
NOTE:Boiler rating shall be computed on the basis of one (1) sq.m. of heating surface
for one (1) boiler HP.
13.5
Pressurized Water heaters used in single detached, duplex or multiple family dwellings
are exempted from permit fees.
13.6
Water, sump and sewage pumps for buildings/structures used for
commercial/industrial purposes, per unit :
Per HP or fraction thereof……………………………………………
40.00
13.7 Automatic fire extinguishers, per sprinkle head……………………
13.8 Stationary Standby Generating Sets, per unit:
a.) Up to 10 HP ……………………………………………….
300.00
b.) Above 10 HP up to 30 HP……………………………………
400.00
30 HP up to 50 HP……………………………………
50 0.00
d.) Above 50 to 70 HP ……………………………………..
600.00
e.) Above 70 HP up to 90 HP……………………………………
700.00
f.) Above 90 HP up to 100 HP………………………………….
800.00
g.) Every HP above 100 HP……………………………………..
2.00
13.9
2.00
c.) Above
Compressed Air, Vacuum, Institutional and/or
Industrial Gases, per outlet:……………………………………………
10.00
13.10 Other Internal Combustion Engines, Including cranes, forklifts, loaders, pumps,
mixers, compressors and the like, not registered with the LTC:
a.)
b.)
c.)
d.)
e.)
f.)
Up to 10 HP……………………………………………………
Above 10 HP up to 30 HP……………………………………
Above 30 HP up to 50 HP……………………………………
Above 50 HP up to 70 HP……………………………………
Above 70 HP up to 90 HP……………………………………
Every HP or fraction thereof above 90 HP…………………
200.00
260.00
320.00
380.00
440.00
2.00
13.11 Pressure Vessels:
Per cu.m. or fraction thereof…………………………………………..
40.00
13.12 Other Machinery / Equipment for Commercial / Industrial use not elsewhere specified,
per HP or fraction thereof…………………………………..
40.00
13.13 Pneumatics tubes, conveyors, Monorails for material handling,
Per lineal meter………………………………………………………….
14.
10.00
Fencing Permit Fees:
14.1
14.2
14.3
Fences made of indigenous materials and/or barbed wire, hog wire. Exempted
Fences up to 1.80 meters in height, made of materials other than those mentioned in
Section 14.1, per lineal meter of fraction thereof……….. 2.00
Fences in excess of 1.80 meters in height, made of materials other those
Mentioned in Section 14.1., per lineal meter or fraction thereof………
2.00
15. CONSTRUCTION OF SIDEWALKS:
a.) Up to 20 sq.m.………………………………………………………….
b.) Every sq.m. or fraction thereof in excess of 20 sq.m………………..
20.00
1.00
16.
Paved areas intended for commercial / industrial / social / institutional use, such as parking
areas, gasoline station premises, skating rinks, pelota courts, tennis and
basketball courts and the like:
Per sq.m. or fraction thereof of paved area……………………………………
1.00
17.
Use of streets and sidewalks as permitted under chapter 11 of the Code and Rule IX of
the implementing Rules and Refulations:
17.1
Use of sidewalk:
a.) Up to 20 sq.m. of sidewalks, per calendar month…………………..
200.00
b.) Every sq.m. or fraction thereof in excess of 20 sq.m., per calenadar
month …………………………………………………………………..
10.00
17.2 Erection of Scaffolding Occupying Public Areas:
a.) Up to 10 lineal meters of frontage, per calendar month……………… 120.00
b.) Every lineal meter of fraction thereof of frontage in excess
of 10 lineal meters, per calendar month………………………………..
10.00
18.
Certificates of use or occupancy:
18.1 Category I:
18.1.1 Metro Manila and 1st. class Cities:
a.)
Metro Manila and 1st. Class Cities:
Section 209 of the Code……………………………………
b.) Buildings costing more than P15,000 up to P50,000.00……
50.00
c.) Buildings costing more than P50,000 up to P100,000.00…… 100.00
d.) Buildings costing more than P100,000 up to P150,000.00…. 150.00
e.) Buildings costing more than P150,000 up to P 250,000.00…. 200.00
f.) Buildings costing more than P250,000 up to P 500,000.00…. 400.00
g.) Buildings costing moer than P500,000
……………. 800.00
NOTE:Refer to Section 4 of this rule.
Exempted
18.1.2 All other cities and municipalities:
50% of above rates.
18.2 Category II:
18.2.1
a.)
b.)
c.)
d.)
e.)
Metro Manila and 1st. Class Cities:
Building costing up to P50,000.00……………………………… 100.00
Building costing more than P50,000 up to P100,000………… 200.00
Buildings costing more than P100,000 up to P250,000……… 400.00
Building costing more than 250,000 up to P500,000………… 800.00
Buildings costing more than P500,000.00 …………… 1,600.00
NOTE:Refer to Section 4 of this rule.
18.2.2 All other cities and municipalities:
50% of above rates.
18.3 Category III:
18.3.1 Metro Manila and 1st. Class Cities:
a.) Buildings costing up to P50,000.00…………………………..
60.00
b.) Buildings costing more than P50,000 up to P150,000.00….
150.00
c.) Buildings costing more than P150,000 up to P250,000.00…
300.00
d.) Buildings costing more than P250,000 up to P500,00.00…..
600.00
d.)
Buildings costing more than P500,000.00…………………… 1,200.00
NOTE:Refer to Section 4 of this Rule.
18.3.2 All other cities and municipalities:
50% of above rates.
18.4 Category IV:
18.4.1 Metro Manila and 1st. Class Cities:
a.) Buildings with floor area up to 20 sq.m…………………… Exempted
b.)
Buildings with floor area above
20 sq.m. up to 500 sq.m. …………………………..
20.00
c.)
Buildings with floor area above
500 sq.m. up to 1,000 sq.m. …………………………..
15.00
d.)
Buildings with floor area above 1,000 sq.m.
Up to 5,000 sq.m.
…………………………..
40.00
e.)
Buildings with floor area above 5,000 sq.m.
Up to 10,000 sq.m. …………………………………….
100.00
f.) Buildings with floor area above 10,000 sq.m……………..
200.00
18.4.1 Metro Manila and 1st. Class Cities:
a.) Buildings with floor area up to 20 sq.m…………… Exempted
b.) Buildings with floor area above
20 sq.m. up to 500 sq.m. …………………..
20.00
c.) Buildings with floor area above
500 sq.m. to 1,000 sq.m. …………………..
15.00
d.) Buildings with floor area above
1,000 sq.m. up to 10,000 sq.m. …………………..
40.00
e.) Buildings with floor area above
5,000 sq.m. up to 10,000 sq.m. …………………..
100.00
f.) Buildings with floor area above 10,000 sq.m……..
200.00
18.4.2 All others cities and municipalities:
50% of above rates.
18.5
Category V:
18.5.1 Metro Manila and 1st. class cities:
a.)
Garages, carports, balconies, terraces, lanais and the like:
50% of the rate of the principal building, according to Category.
(See Section 18.1 to 18.3 above)
b.)
Aviaries, aquqriums, zoo structures and the like:
Same rates as for Category IV.
(See Section 15.4 above.)
18.5.2 All other cities and municipalities:
50% of above rates.
18.6
Ancillary Structures:
18.6.1 Bank and Records Vaults, per cu.m.
Of interior volume
…………………………………
2.00
18.6.2 Swimming pools, per unit:
a.) Residential
…………………………………………… 2.00
b.) Commercial / Industrial ………………………………….. 30.00
c.) Social / Institutional ………………………………….. 20.00
d.) Improvised swimming pools made of materials listed under
Section 9.2 of this Rule:
18.6.3 Swimming pool shower rooms / locker rooms:
Per unit:
a.) Residential
………………………………………….. 5.00
b.) Commercial / Industrial ………………………………… 15.00
c.) Social / Institutional ………………………………… 10.00
18.6.4 Towers, per unit:
Self-Supporting Trilon (Guyed)
a.) Residential
Exempted
Exempted
b.) Commercial / Industrial
40.00
20.00
c.) Social / Institutional
20.00
10.00
18.6.5
18.6.6
18.6.7
18.6.8
18.6.9
Commercial / Industrial Storage Silos: per unit ……………
40.00
Smokestacks, per unit ………………………………………… 20.00
Chimneys, per unit: ………………………………………… 10.00
Commercial / Industrial Fixed Ovens, per unit ……………
10.00
Industrial Kiln / Furnace, per unit
……………………..
20.00
18.6.10Reinforced Concrete Tanks, per unit :
a.)
Residential:
1. Up to 2 cu.m. …………………………… Exempted
2. Above 2 cu.m. ……………………………
10.00
b.) Commercial / Industrial ……………………………
40.00
c.) Social / Institutional ……………………………
20.00
18.6.11Steel Tanks, per unit:
a.)
Residential :
1. Up to 2 cu.m ……………………………. Exempted
2. Above 2 cu.m. …………………………….
10.00
b.) Commercial / Industrial :
1. Above ground…………………………….
40.00
2. Underground …………………………….
30.00
c.) Social / Institutional …………………………….
20.00
18.6.12
Booths, Kiosks, Platforms, Stages and the like ………….
10.00
19.
Change in Occupancy :
19.1
19.2
Metro Manila and 1st. Class Cities:
Every sq.m. or fraction thereof of area affected ……………………
All other cities and municipalities:
50% of above rate.
4.00
20.
Certificate of Occupancy for buildings / Structures completed prior to Effectivity
Of the NBC :
NOTE:The National Building Code (PD 1096) became effective on February 19, 1977.
20.1 Category I:
a.)
Metro Manila and 1st. Class Cities:
1.
Indigenous family dwellings and houses of mixed
Materials having an area not exceeding 40 sq.m.
for which application are filed within the 2 year
period specified in Annex “A-3” of Rule II* ……….. Exempted
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Indigenous family dwellings and houses of mixed
Materials having an area not exceeding 40 sq.m.
For which application are filed after the 2 year period*……
* The 2-year grace period expires on October 23, 1980.
Buildings with areas above 40 sq.m. up to 100 sq.m. ………
50.00
Buildings with area above 100 sq.m. up to 200 sq.m. ………
75.00
Buildings with area above 200 sq.m. up to 300 sq.m. ……… 100.00
Buildings with area above 300 sq.m. up to 500 sq.m. ……… 200.00
Buildings with area above 500 sq.m. …………………….. 400.00
b.)
25.00
All other cities and municipalities:
50 % of above rates.
20.2
Category II:
a.)
Metro Manila and 1st. Class Cities:
1. Buildings with area up to 5,000 sq.m. ……………..
2. Buildings with area above 5,000 sq.m.
up to 10,000 sq.m.………………………………… 100.00
3. Buildings with area above 10,000 sq.m.
up to 20,000 sq.m.………………………………… 200.00
4. Buildings with area above 20,000 sq.m.
50.00
up to 30,000 sq.m.………………………………… 400.00
5. Buildings with area above 500 sq.m …………….. 800.00
b.) All other cities and municipalities:
20.3 Category III:
Metro Manila and 1st. Class Cities:
1. Buildings with area up to 5,000 sq.m. ……………… 30.00
2. Buildings with area above 5,000 sq.m.
up to 10,000 sq.m.…………………………………. 75.00
3. Buildings with area above 10,000 sq.m.
up to 20,000 sq.m.…………………………………. 150.00
4. Buildings with area above 20,000 sq.m.
up to 30,000 sq.m.………………………………… 300.00
5. Buildings with area above 30,000 sq.m. ……………… 600.00
a.)
b.)
All other cities and Municipalities:
50% of above rates.
21. Annual Inspection Fees :
21.1
Annual Building Inspection Fees shall be collected by the Building Official at the
following rates:
21.1.1 Category I
a.) Single detached dwelling units and duplexes………Exempted
b.) If the owner requests building inspection the
fee for each of the services enumerated
below is ………………………………………. 100.00
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Land Use Conformity
Architectural Presentability
Structural Stability
Sanitary and health requirements
Fire resistive requirements
21.1.2 Category II and III
Commercial (excluding amusement houses and gymnasia), industrial, social and
institutional buildings with assessed value of:
a.)
b.)
c.)
d.)
e.)
f.)
Up to P1 million …………………………………………………
100.00
Above P1 million up to P5 million……………………………..
200.00
Above P5 million up to P10 million……………………………
400.00
Above P10 million up to P50 million………………………….
600.00
Above P50 million up to P100 million…………………………
800.00
Above P100 million ………………………………………. 1,000.00
21.1.3 Amusement Houses, Gymnasia and the like;*
a.) First class cinematographs or theaters …………………
1,000.00
b.) Second class cinematographs or theaters……………………. 600.00
c.) Third class cinematographs or theaters …………………….. 400.00
d.) Grandstands / Bleachers*
…………………….. 1,000.00
e.) Gymnasia and the like*
…………………….. 600.00
*
Gymnasia, grandstands, bleachers, concert halls, little theaters and the like,
that are integral parts of school, college or university complex shall be charged
in accordance with Section 21.1.2 above.
21.2 Sanitary / Plumbing Inspection Fees:
a.) Every inspection trip during construction ……………………..
b.) Annual inspection of sanitary / plumbing system……………..
21.3
4.00
15.00
Electrical Inspection Fees:
a.) Every inspection trip during construction ………………………
4.00
c.)
Annual Inspection Fees are the same as corresponding Installation Fees
prescribed under Section 12 of this Rule.
NOTE:CATEGORY I buildings are exempt from annual inspection.
21.4 Annual Mechanical Inspection Fees:
Note: See Note under Section 13.1 of this Rule.
21.4.1 Refrigeration and Ice Plant:
per ton:
b.)
c.)
d.)
e.)
a.) Up to 100 tons capacity ……………………………………….
20.00
Above 100 tons up to 150 tons ……………………………..
16.00
Above 150 tons up to 300 tons ……………………………..
2.00
Above 300 tons up to 500 tons ……………………………..
8.00
Every tons or fraction thereof above 500 tons ………….
4.00
NOTE:Household refrigerators, freezers, fans, etc. used in single detached duplex or
multiple family dwellings are exempted from annual inspection.
21.4.2 Air Conditioning Systems:
a.) Window type air conditioners, per unit …………………….
30.00
NOTE:Window type air conditioners used in single detached, duplex or multiple
family dwellings are exempted from annual inspection.
b.)
Package or Centralized aie conditioning systems;
1. First 100 tons, per ………………………………………
2. Above 100 tons up to 150 tons, per ton………………….
3. Above 150 tons up to 300 tons, per ton………………….
4. Above 300 tons up to 500 tons, per ton………………….
5. Every ton or fraction thereof above 500 tons……………
21.4.3 Mechanical Ventilation: per unit :
20.00
16.00
12.00
8.00
6.00
a.)
b.)
c.)
d.)
e.)
Up to 1 HP ………………………………………
Above 1 HP up to 5 HP…………………………….
Above 5 HP up to 10 HP…………………………….
Above 10 Hp up to 20 HP…………………………..
Above 20 HP ………………………………………
10.00
20.00
40.00
80.00
120.00
21.4.4 Escalators and Moving Walks, per unit …………………...
b.)
c.)
d.)
e.)
100.00
21.4.4 Elavators: per uint:
a.) Pasenger Elevators:
1. First 5 landings ……………………………… 400.00
2. Each landing above the 5th. Landing……….
20.00
Freight elevators ………………………………. 30.00
Motor Driven Dumbwaiter……………………………..
40.00
Construction elevators for matrial……………………. 300.00
Car elevators ………………………………………..
40.00
NOTE:Additional floor stops / landing shall be inspected and charged
in accordance with the above rates.
21.4.5 Boilers:
a.)
b.)
c.)
d.)
e.)
Up to 10 HP …………………………………………. 300.00
Above 10 HP up to 30 HP……………………………… 400.00
Above 30 HP up to 50 HP……………………………… 500.00
Above 50 HP up to 70 HP……………………………… 600.00
Above 70 HP up to 90 HP……………………………… 700.00
f.) Above 90 HP up to 100 HP…………………………….. 800.00
g.) Every HP in excess of 100 HP…………………………. 4.00
NOTE:Boiler rating shall be computed on the basis of one (1) sq.m. of heating
surface for one (1) boiler HP.
21.4.7 Pressurized water heaters, per unit ………………………………… 100.00
NOTE:Pressurized water heaters used in single detached or duplex family
Dwellings are exempt from inspection.
21.4.8 Automatic fire extiguishers, per sprinkle head
………………………..
1.00
21.4.9 Water, Sump and Sewage pumps for buildings / structures for commercial /
industrial purposes per unit:
a.)
b.)
c.)
d.)
Up to 1 HP …………………………………………………….. 10.00
Above 1 HP up to 3 HP …………………………………………… 30.00
Above 3 HP up to 5 HP …………………………………………… 60.00
Above 5 HP up to 10 HP…………………………………………… 80.00
e.) Above 10 HP up to 20 HP………………………………………… 100.00
f.)
Above 20 HP up to 30 HP………………………………… …….. 120.00
g.)
Above 30 HP up to 40 HP...……………………………………… 140.00
h.)
Above 40 HP up to 50 HP………………………………………… 160.00
i.)
j.)
k.)
l.)
m.)
Above 50 HP up to 60 HP………………………………………... 180.00
Above 60 HP up to 70 HP……………………………………… .. 200.00
Above 70 HP to 80 HP……………………………………………. 220.00
Above 80 HP up to 90 HP………………………………………… 240.00
Every HP or fraction thereof above 90 HP………………………. 2.00
NOTE:Water, sump and sewage pumps used in single detached or duplex
Family dwellings are exempt from inspection.
21.4.10Standby generating sets: per unit:
a.) Up to 10 HP ………………………………………………….
40.00
b.) Above 10 HP up to 30 HP
………………………………
80.00
c.) Above 30 HP up to 50 HP
……………………………… 120.00
d.) Above 50 HP up to 70 HP
……………………………… 160.00
e.) Above 70 HP up to 90 HP
……………………………… 200.00
f.) Above 90 HP up to100 HP ……………………………… 240.00
g.) Every HP or fraction thereof above100 HP………………………. 2.00
21.4.11 Other Internal combustion Engines, including cranes, Forklifts, Loaders, Pumps,
Mixers, Compressors and the like, per unit:
c.)
d.)
e.)
f.)
g.)
a.)
Up to 10 HP………………………………………………………
b.) Above 10 HP up to 30 HP
……………………………… 140.00
Above 30 HP up to 50 HP
……………………………… 200.00
Above 50 HP up to 70 HP
……………………………… 260.00
Above 70 HP up to 90 HP
……………………………… 320.00
Above 90 HP up to100 HP ……………………………… 380.00
Every HP or fraction thereof above100 HP………………………. 2.00
21.4.12
a.)
b.)
c.)
d.)
80.00
Other machinery and / or equipment for commercial / industrial use not elsewhere
specified, per unit:
Up to ½ HP…………………………………………………………. 6.00
Above ½ HP up to 1 HP…………………………………………… 20.00
Above 1 HP up to 3 HP …………………………………………… 40.00
Above 3 HP up to 5 HP…………………………………………… 60.00
e.) Above 5 HP up to 10 HP………………………………………… 80.00
f.)
Above 10 HP up to 20 HP...……………………………………… 100.00
g.)
Above 20 HP up to 30 HP...……………………………………… 120.00
h.)
Above 30 HP up to 40 HP...……………………………………… 160.00
i.)
Above 40 HP up to 50 HP...……………………………………… 200.00
j.)
Above 50HP up to 60 HP...……………………………………… 240.00
k.)
Above 60 HP up to 70 HP...……………………………………… 280.00
l.)
Above 70 HP up to 80 HP...……………………………………… 320.00
m.)
Above 80 HP up to 90 HP...……………………………………… 360.00
n.)
Above 90 HP up to 100HP...……………………………………… 400.00
o.)
Every HP or fraction thereof above 100 HP…………………….. 2.00
21.4.13Pressure Vessels,
Per cubic meter or fraction thereof
…………………………………. 30.00
21.4.14Pneumatics tubes, Conveyors, Monorails for material handling,
Per lineal meter or fraction thereof ………………………………….
2.00
21.4.15Testing / Calibration of pressure gauge, per unit…………………………. 20.00
21.4.16Gas Meters:
Each gas meter tested, proved and sealed:
a.) Up to 10 lights ……………………………………………………… 12.00
b.) Above 10 lights up to 50 lights …………………………………. 16.00
c.) Above 50 lights up to100 lights …………………………………. 24.00
d.) Above 100 lights …………………………………………… 12.00
21.4.17Every inspection of mechanical rides used in amusement centers
Of fairs, such as ferris wheels, merry-go-rounds; roller coasters
And like, per unit ……………………………………………………. 20.00
22. Sign Permit Fees :
22.1 Business Signs:
a.) Neon ……………………………………………………………… 30.00
b.) Illuminated ……………………………………………………. 20.00
c.) Others ……………………………………………………………… 12.00
d.) Painted-on ……………………………………………………. 8.00
NOTE:Signs not exceeding 0.20 sq.m. of display surface, and/or temporary signs for
charitable, religious and civic purposes are not to obtain a permit.
Fees for electrical partsof signs are found in Section 12.1 and 12.3 of this Rule.
22.2
Annual Renewal Fees:
Per sq.m. of display surface or fraction thereof;
a.) Neon Signs ……………………………………………………… 30.00
Provided that minimum fee shall be ……………………… 120.00
b.) Illuminated signs, …………………………………………………… 15.00
Provided that minimum fee shall be ……………………… 60.00
c.) Painted –on signs …………………………………………… 20.00
Provided that minimum fee shall be ……………………… 20.00
3. Certifications :
23.1
23.2
23.3
23.4
23.5
23.6
23.1
Certified true copy of building permit ………………………………… 4.00
Certified true copy of certification of use/occupancy…………………… . 4.00
Issuanceof certificate of damage
………………………………… 4.00
Certified true copy of Certificate of Damage …………………………… 4.00
Certified true copy of Electrical Certificate ……………………………… 4.00
Issuance of certificate of gas meter installation ………………………. 12.00
Certified true copy of Certificate of Operation…………………………… 4.00
4. Payment of Fees :
All fees mentioned in this rule shall be paid to the Cashier of the District / City / Municipal
Building Official or to the Municipal Treasurer before the issuance of the building permit.
25.
Penalties :
25.1
25.2
25.3
A surcharge of 100% shall be imposed and collected from any person who shall
construct, install, repair, alter or cause any change in the use or occupancy of any
building or parts thereof or appurtenances thereto without any permit.
All inspection fees shall be paid withn 30 days from the prescribed date,
Otherwise a surcharge of 25% shall be imposed.
Administrative fines, penalties and / or surcharges for various violations of the code
are prescribed under Sections 8 to 10 of Rule VIII.
RULE IV - DISPOSITION OF INCOME FROM FEES AN OTHER CHARGES
Pursuant to the provisions of Sections 207, 208, 210 and 211 of the National Building Code (PD
1096), this Rule is promulgated to define the procedure for the proper reporting and recording of
collections and disbursements of the funds of the General Fund Special Account 151, of the Office of the
Minister, MPW, and for the guidance and compliance of all concerned.
1. Duties of the Building Official
1.1
Every Building Official shall keep a permanent record and accurate account of all fees
and other charges fixed and authorized to be collected by him under Rule III.
1.2
The Official Receipt shall show the breakdown of the total collections indicating the
share of the local government concerned (80%) and the share of the National
Government (20%).
1.3
If the collection will be made by a designated National Collecting Officer, and if payment
of the permit fees and other charges shall be made by check each for the 20% and 80%
shares be prepared to facilitate the distribution of shares.
1.4
Subject to existing budgetary, accounting and auditing rules and regulations, he shall
remit to the Bureau of Treasury, the twenty percent (20%) of his collection. The
remaining eighty percent (80%) shall be deposited with the city or municipal treasurer
and shall accrue to the general fund of the city or municipality concerned and who shall
acknowledge his share by issuing his official receipt accordingly.
1.5
Every Building Official shall keep a separate record from the Central Office of all fund
allocations and Advices of CDC, received by him out of budgeted amounts released by
the Ministry of the Budget.
2. Disposition of Collections
2.1
Every last working day of the week or oftener pursuant to Part II-2-a of the Department of
Finance Order No. 20-73 and COA General Circular 130 dated 14 June 1973, the
Building Official thru his collecting officer or cashier shall deposit the eighty percent
(80%) share of collections to the city of municipal treasurer concerned.
He shall remit the twenty percent (20%) of the collections to the Bureau of the
Treasury thru any authorized government depository bank branch nearest the locality of
the credit of the Ministry of Public Works, Office of the Minister with Code No. B1289
and Special Account No. 151.
2.1
Distribution of validated remittance advices (ref. COA Circular No. 78-78).
2.2.1
For remittances of 20% collections of the building permit fees directly with the
National Treasury:
Original - To be retained by the National Cash
Division Bureau of Treasury for submission
to the National Cash
Accounting Division,
Bureau of the Treasury.
Duplicate - to be retained by the National Cash Division
for its file.
Triplicate - to be retained by the National Cash Division
for submission to provincial Treasurer Fiscal
Examiner assigned in Metro-Manila.
Quadruplicate - to be returned to the National Collecting
officer for submission to the MPW Chief
Accountant with his monthly report to
collections.
Quintuplicate - to be retained to the National Collecting
officer for submission to the MPW auditor
of the National Collecting Officer concerned
thru the Treasury Vault Auditor.
Sextuplicate - to be returned to the National Collecting
Officer for his file.
2.2.2
For remittances of the 20% collections thru the PNB, PVB, DSP or LBP:
Original - to be retained by the bank branch for
submission to the Bureau of Treasury
Accounting Division) thru
Department).
Duplicate -
(National Cash
the Bank Head Office (Accounting
to be retained by the bank branch for its file.
Triplicate - to be retained by the bank branch for
submission to the Provincial Treasury Fiscal
Examiner assigned to the province where
the bank is located.
Quadruplicate - to be returned to the National Collecting
Officer for submission tot he MPW Chief
Accountant with his monthly report of
collections.
Quadruplicate - to be retained by the bank branch for
submission to the Field Auditor of the
Officer concerned thru
the bank auditor.
Sextuplicate Officer for his file.
National Collecting
to be returned to the National Collecting
2.3 Responsibilities
2.3.1
National Collecting Officers
Since the distribution of copies of the validated remittance advices for the
Agency/Field Auditor of the National Collecting Officers shall be undertaken by
the National/Treasury/Bank branch thru its Treasury Vault Auditor/Bank Auditor
all national collecting officers shall indicate on the face of the remittance advice,
the name and office address of their respective agency/field auditors to facilitate
matters.
2.3.2
Treasury Vault/Bank Auditor
Upon receipt of the validated remittance advices, the treasury vault auditor/bank
auditor shall confirm and transmit said remittance advices every end of the week
to the corresponding agency/field auditors of the National collecting officers
concerned. In cases where there are no bank auditors assigned in a particular
locality, confirmation shall be undertaken by the officer designated by the Head of
the bank branch.
3. Reporting Collections of Building Permit Fees and other Charges
(Ref: COA General Circular NO. 78-78).
3.1
Pending decentralization of the accounting service the reports of field offices (districts
and regions) shall be prepared in five copies, distributed as follows after verification by
the field/local auditor in accordance with GAO Gen. Circular No. 133 dated 1 September
1975.
Original
-
To the Central Office Auditor (thru
the Central Office Accountant for
recording).
Duplicate (with duplicate - To the regional or field/local auditor
official receipts and validated
for final custody.
quintuplicate remittance
advices)
Triplicate (with validated - To the Central Office Accountant
quadruplicate remittances
(for posting to the corresponding
advices)
subsidiary ledgers).
Quadruplicate (with triplicate - To be retained by the field collecting
official receipts and
officer.
validated sextuplicate
Quintuplicate
-
regional/district office accounting
file
3.1.1
3.2
The field collecting officer shall certify all the copies of the report and submit the
first three (3) copies to his field auditor within three (3) days after the end of the
month for audit. The field auditor shall verify the report, cross-check the
remittances indicated therein against the quintuplicate copies of remittance
advices he receives/received from the bank auditor of the national collecting
officer concerned indicate his certification thereon and finally submits the original
and triplicate copies thereof to the MPW Auditor thru the MPW Chief Accountant
within five (5) days from date of receipt from the field collecting officer.
Crediting of Accounts of National Collecting Officers
In the monthly report of collections, specifically at the bank thereof, is a statement of
account current showing the accountability of the national collecting officer. The MPW
Chief Accountant shall cross-check the validated quadruplicate remittance advices
attached to the duplicate copy of the monthly report of collections against the remittances
made by the National Collecting Officer with the National Treasury of any of its
authorized depository banks as appearing in the statement of account current. After the
cross-checking, and in the absence of any discrepancy, the MPW Chief Accountant shall
credit the account of the national collecting officer even without the monthly abstract of
remittances from the National Treasury in case of Central Accounting Offices.
4. Safeguards
4.1
Upon receipt of the monthly abstract of remittances from the National Treasury, the
remittances appearing therein shall be counter checked by the MPW Chief Accountant
against the credits already given the collecting officers concerned and any discrepancies
discovered in the process shall be verified and adjusted immediately.
4.2
In case the retirement of resignation by the collecting officers, their clearances shall be
held in abeyance until their remittances have been fully cleared by the National Treasury.
5. Centralized Accounting System
5.1
A centralized accounting system shall be maintained in the Office of the Minister, MPW.
The Office of the Minister shall set up and maintain a separate set of books of accounts to
be used solely for transactions pertaining to the implementation of the provision of the
National Building Code and its implementing rules and regulations.
5.2
Upon receipt of the Advice of Allotment and the corresponding Cash Disbursement
Ceiling, the Office of the Minister shall in turn allocate the same together with the subadvice of cash disbursement ceiling to the Building Officials, copy furnished the Public
Works Regional Director and at the same time obligates the allotment for the amount of
expenditures.
5.3
The procedures for deputation as deputized Disbursing Officer or Deputized Countersigning Officer are prescribed in Treasury Memorandum Circular No. 3-78 dated 16 June
1978 and supplemented by TMC No. 1-79 dated 20 February 1979.
5.4
In the requisition and distribution of blank Treasury checking Account for Agencies
(TCAA) Checks, of the Philippine National Bank (PNB), Philippine Veterans Bank
(PVB) and/or Land Bank of the Philippines (LBP), the revised regulations contained in
Treasury Memorandum Circular No. 4-78 dated 16 June 1978 shall be followed.
5.5
All deputized disbursing officers (building officials and/or cashiers) shall render the
following reports:
5.5.1 Report of checks issued and cancelled together with duplicate copies of checks
issued required under paragraph III-B-5, Dept. Memo Circular No. 11-73 dated 9
May 1973 of the Department of Finance for submission to Treasury Provincial
Fiscal Examiner in the region (4.3 of TMC 4-78).
5.5.2
5.6
Report of checks issued by the deputized disbursing officers G.F. No. 108-A
Circular No. 3-74, for entry in the journal of checks issued by deputized
disbursing officer (JCIDDO, G.F. No. 108) by Chief Accountant, MPW. For
particulars, refer to BC No. 147 & 147-A.
If the deputized disbursing officer shall maintain a petty cash advance out of the
allocation from building permit fees, he shall after the fifteenth and end of each month
prepare the report of disbursement in four copies distributed as follows; (Ref: COA GC
133):
Original
- to the field auditor for verification and
certifications and submission to the MPW
Auditor (thru the MPW Chief Accountant
for recording).
Duplicate (with original paid payrolls and vouchers)
to the field local auditors (for final custody).
Triplicate
- to the MPW Chief Accountant (for posting
to the corresponding subsidiary ledgers).
Quadruplicate
-
to be retained by the field disbursing officer.
The report shall be certified by the field disbursing officer who shall submit it to the
field auditor concerned within three (3) days after the fifteenth and end of the month, for
audit. The field auditor concerned shall verify the report and invariably indicate his
certification thereon; after which he shall submit the same to the MPW Chief Accountant
within five days after receipt thereof from the he disbursing officer.
5.7
The Ministry Chief Accountant shall adjust obligations quarterly to actual liquidations as
required.
5.8
Deputized disbursing officers shall keep record to control cash ceiling and allocation
separate from other funds in his custody.
5.9
Deputized disbursing officers shall prepare other statements or reports that may be
required from time to time by the proper authorities such as status of cash disbursement
ceiling at the end of the year.
5.10
The building Official shall render a monthly report of accountability for treasury checks
provided him by the Treasury Provincial Fiscal Examiner in the province (Section 3.4 of
TMC No. 4-78) using form No. 16-A covering the balance of checks issued during the
month and the balance at the end of the month. Copies of said report shall be distributed
as follows:
Original
- to the Treasury Provincial Fiscal Examiner (Cash
Operations Service)
Duplicate
-
to the Head of the Office (Accounting Division, MPW)
Triplicate
-
to the Auditor, MPW
Quadruplicate
-
Field Auditor
Quintuplicate
-
Field of Disbursing Officer (Ref: Primer on TCAA)
5.11
The deputized disbursing officer authorized to requisition blank TCAA checks shall
prepare and submit requisition and issue voucher Form No. 45(A), and the Invoice and
Receipt of Accountable Forms, Form No. 33 (A) which shall be distributed as follows:
Original
-
Treasury Provincial Fiscal
Duplicate
-
Cash Operations Service, BTR
Triplicate
-
COA Auditor of the DDO's Agency
Quadruplicate
-
Accounting Unit of DDO
Quintuplicate
-
Deputized Disbursing Officer file
-
Office of the Provincial/City Auditor
Sextuplicate
Concerned.
A BTR identification card (Exhibit IV) shall be accomplished in two copies by the
deputized disbursing officer
One copy
-
Treasury Provincial Fiscal Examiner
One copy
-
Authorized DDO
6. Turnover of Accountability
6.1
In case of change, transfer, resignation or retirement from the service of the Building
Official, an inventory of all money and property accountabilities shall be taken jointly by
the outgoing and incoming Building Official and a receipt passed on the basis of such
inventory. Such inventory shall be certified as accurate by the said officers, witnessed by
the auditor thereat, and approved by the Minister, MPW (Sec. 645, Revised
Administrative Code).
6.2
The proceeding procedure shall also apply to a deputized disbursing officer other than the
Building Official with respect to money and property accountability in his custody.
6.3
Application for clearance of the building official and other deputized disbursing officers
shall be coursed to the Office of the Minister, MPW, to check their unpaid obligations
with this Office (Dept. Memo Circular No. 2 dated 28 January 1974).
7. Other Provisions
This Rule IV is promulgated to define the procedure for the proper reporting and recording of
collections and disbursements of the funds of the General Fund Special Account 151, of the
Office of the Minister, MPW, pursuant to PD 1096 otherwise known as the National Building
Code.
Any circular/s that may subsequently be issued by the proper authorities revoking or
amending provisions or certain portions of circular/s incorporated in the above rules and
regulations shall automatically revoke or amend such corresponding portions that are inconsistent
therewith.
The provisions or portions of circulars, as amended shall automatically prevail without need
of further revisions of this Rule IV - Rules and Regulations of the National Building Code.
RULE V - SIGNS
Pursuant to Chapter 20 of the National Building Code (P.D. 1096), the following rules and regulations
shall govern the design, content, construction, location, installation and maintenance of outdoor
billboards, advertising and display signs, streamers, posters and the like.
Definition - For purposes of this Rule, the following definitions shall apply:
ADVERTISING SIGN - A sign that directs attention to a business, profession, commodity, service or
entertainment conducted, sold or offered at a place other than where the business, professions,
etc., is located. An off-premise sign.
ARCADE - Any portion f the building above the first floor projecting over the sidewalk beyond the first
story wall used as protection for pedestrians.
BILLBOARD - A panel for posting bills or posters.
BUSINESS LINE - The line formed by the intersection of the outer surface of the enclosing wall of the
building and the surface of the ground.
DISPLAY SIGN - Any material, device or structure that is arranged, intended, designed, or used as an
advertisement, announcement or directory that includes a sign, sign screen, billboards or
advertising device of any kind.
DISPLAY STAND - Any movable structure, table, showcase, cabinet and the like where goods or
periodicals are displayed.
DISPLAY SURFACE - The entire area enclosed by the extreme limits or perimeter of a sign.
DISPLAY WINDOW - That portion of a building abutting the sidewalk open to public view protected
by grilles, screens or transparent materials for the display of goods.
ELECTRICAL SIGN - Any sign which has characters, letters, figures, designs, faces, backgrounds or
outline illuminated by incandescent or fluorescent lamps or luminous tubes as part of the sign
proper. These light sources being either external or internal.
GROUND SIGN - A sign resting on the ground.
POSTER - A fabricated flat surface upon which a message is either poster or painted.
PROJECTING SIGN - A sign fastened to, suspended from or supported on a building or structure the
display surface of which is perpendicular from the wall surface or is at an angle therefrom.
ROOF SIGN - A sign installed on roofs, roof decks or eaves.
SIGN - Any letter, word, numeral, pictorial presentation, illustration, decoration, emblem, device,
symbol or trademark, flag, banner, or pennant, or any other figure of similar character that is:
-
attached to, painted on or in any manner represented on a building or structure.
used to announce, direct attention to or advertise, and visible to the public.
SIGN STAND - Any movable structure on which a sign is mounted or supported.
STRUCTURE - That which is built or constructed, an edifice or building of any kind, or any piece of
work artificially build up or composed of parts joined together in some definite manner.
TEMPORARY SIGN - A sign of cloth or other light and/or combustible material, with or without frame
installed for a limited period of time.
WALL SIGN - A sign painted on, attached or fastened to the surface of the wall or any part of a building
or structure the display surface or which is parallel to the wall surface.
IMPRINT - A plaque or sticker or lettering to be painted on either the top or the bottom of the poster or
sign as a means of identifying the company to whom the structure belongs and the permit issued
therefor.
2. General Provisions:
2.1
Signs shall adhere to the Code of Ethics for Advertising and Promotions and to the rules
and regulations of the appropriate agency in charge of the conduct of the business.
2.2
Signs shall promote and uphold the public good especially in historical monuments and
shrines, natural scenic areas, parks, parkways and their immediate approaches.
Immediate approaches shall mean a distance not exceeding 50.00 meters from the
periphery of said areas.
2.3
Signs shall display or convey only messages or visuals that conform to public decency
and good taste.
2.4
Signs shall follow standards of design, construction and maintenance in the interest of
public safety, convenience, good viewing and to promote proper urban design or
community architecture.
2.5
Sign structures may be constructed only in areas where zoning regulations permit them
and in accordance with the accepted standards of design; construction and maintenance.
2.6
Sign structures shall be constructed in accordance with the provisions of Section 2003 of
the National Building Code. Plans of sign structures exceeding 3.00 meters in height
from the ground shall be signed and sealed by a duly registered Architect or Civil
Engineer.
2.7
Signs and sign structures built within highly restrictive fire zones shall be of
incombustible materials. No combustible materials other than approved plastics shall be
used in construction of electrical signs.
2.8
Signs and sign structures equipped with electrical devices shall have an electrical wiring
plant conforming with the provision of the Philippine Electrical Code duly signed by a
Professional Electrical Engineer; Provided, that for installations not exceeding 600 volts
and 4 kilowatts, a sketch and bill of materials signed and sealed by an electrical Engineer
or Master Electrician shall be sufficient.
2.9
Signs shall be placed in such a manner that no part of its surface will interfere in any way
with the free use of a doorway, a fire escape, standpipe or other required means of exit
and fire-protective devices.
2.10
Signs shall be erected in such a manner as not to confuse or obstruct the view or
interpretation of any public sign, traffic signal or device, nor obstruct the sight, distract
the attention of motorists, reflect blinding light or cause glare to oncoming traffic.
2.11
Signs which are written in Chinese or any foreign language shall have a corresponding
translation in English or in the local dialect.
2.12
The bottom line of all signboards adjacent to each other shall follow a common base line
as determined by the Building Official.
The installation of all kinds of signs shall be such that a harmonious and aesthetic
relationship of all units therein is presented.
2.13
3. Specific Provisions:
3.1 Advertising Signs
Outdoor advertising signs shall be permitted only in commercial or industrial zones as
designated in the Official Zoning Map.
3.2 Business Signs
3.2.1
Business signs shall have a maximum width of 1.20 meters and a length not
exceeding the frontage of the lot.
3.2.2
Business signs installed, displayed or erected in the same building shall preferably
be of identical size and flush against the building facade.
3.2.3
In highly built-up urban areas, business signs may be allowed within the
immediate approaches as defined in Section 2.2
3.3 Roof Signs
3.3.1
The design and construction of roof signs shall conform to the provisions of Sec.
2030 of the National Building Code. However, no signs shall be erected, attached
to, installed or fastened on roof tops of buildings of wooden structures.
3.3.2 Adequate provisions for grounding metallic parts of roof signs exposed to
lightning shall be provided.
3.4 Ground Signs
3.4.1 Ground signs shall not exceed 6.00 meters in height above the street crown except
neon signs which shall be constructed in conformity with accepted engineering
standards.
3.4.2
Ground signs shall be located within the property line and under no circumstances
shall they occupy the street or sidewalk.
3.4.3
Public or government signs erected or installed within the area of the sidewalk
shall be so designed and located that they do not obstruct the easy passage of
pedestrians nor distract the attention of motorists.
3.4.4
Self-supporting outdoor signs along highways shall be located 10.00 meters away
from the property lines abutting the road right-of-way.
3.5 Projecting Signs
The erection of projecting signs shall be subject to the following conditions:
(see Figures 2, 3 & 4)
3.5.1
On non-arcaded streets or where arcades are proposed, signs shall not extend more
than 1.20 meters from the wall line or building line. On arcaded streets, the signs
shall not project more than 1.00 meter from the wall line over the street. For
buildings abutting on streets or alleys without sidewalks or provisions therefor,
the rules for arcaded streets shall apply on projecting signs.
3.5.2
A clearance of not less than 3.00 meters shall be provided below the lowest part of
such signs projecting over sidewalks on buildings without arcades and clearance
of not less than 5.00 meters shall be provided below the lowest part of such signs
projecting over arcaded streets.
3.5.3
The erection of electrical neon signboards or other advertisements of similar
nature projecting over roadways or public streets, shall be allowed, provided that:
3.5.3.1 Clear distances between the signboards erected on one building is not less
than 4.00 meters.
3.5.3.2 Signboards on multi-storey buildings shall be erected on the same vertical
line and shall not overlap each other.
3.5.3.3 Tops of signboards shall not exceed over the topmost part of the parapet or
the bottom line of the eave of the building.
3.5.3.4 Horizontal projections of signboards shall follow Rules 3.5.1 and 3.5.2
above.
3.5.3.5 In case of two adjacent buildings, adjacent signboards shall be placed at a
distance of not less than 2.00 meters from the common boundary line.
3.5.3.6 Signboards shall not obstruct any window or emergency exit, nor be closer
than 1.00 meter to electric and telephone posts and wires.
3.5.3.7 Vertical clearances shall follow Rule 3.5.2 above.
3.6 Wall Signs
The construction of wall signs shall be subject to the following conditions:
(see Figure 4.)
3.6.1
Display signs placed against the exterior surface of buildings shall not extend
more than 300 millimeters from the wall with its lowest portion not less than 3.00
meters above the sidewalk.
3.6.2
Signs shall not extend beyond the top and/or sides of any face of the exterior
perimeter walls of the building. Signs when made of combustible materials shall
not exceed 4.00 square meters in area. Those made of incombustible materials
may be allowed to cover the entire surface of blank walls only and shall not be
allowed to cover or obstruct openings.
3.6.3
All signs painted or pasted on the exterior surface of buildings or structures may
be considered either as business or advertising signs.
3.6.4
Sign stands or display stands shall not be placed on the sidewalk pavement.
3.6.5
Signs shall not be attached to, painted on, installed or displayed on posts or
columns of arcades.
3.6.6 Display windows or wall signs within 3.00 meters above the sidewalk shall be
flush or recessed.
3.7 Temporary Signs
3.7.1
All temporary signs, bills, posters and the like may be installed or posted only in
areas or structures allowed by pertinent provisions of this Code.
3.7.2
Streamers strung over or across any public thoroughfare shall have the necessary
permit therefor from the Building Official. The lowest point of the bottom edge
of streamer shall have a minimum clearance of 4.30 meters above the pavement.
4. Administrative Provisions:
4.1 Applications
Any person desiring to display, erect, or maintain any sign shall file an application
therefor with the Office of the Building Official in a standard form stating among others,
the location of the premises wherein said sign is to be displayed, erected or maintained
accompanied with the pertinent drawings and/or sketches. The application shall also
include the location and the site plans, written consent of the owner of the premises and
such other pertinent data as may be required by the Building Official.
4.2 Permit for erection or installation
No sign of any kind shall be erected, installed or constructed unless a permit therefor is
obtained from the Building Official
4.3 Exemptions
A permit shall not be required for any sign not exceeding 0.20 square meter of display
surface nor for temporary signs for charitable, religious, and civic purposes duly
authorized. This exemption shall not release the owner from responsibility for its design,
construction, installation, maintenance and removal.
4.4 Removal/Alterations
A sign with permit which was erected before the adoption of this Rule but not
conforming hereto shall be given a grace period to conform dating from the receipt of
notice as follows:
a) Neon Signs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 months
b) All others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 months
4.5 Existing Signs
4.5.1
Existing signs without permit but conforming to the provisions of this Rule shall
be allowed to remain provided the owner obtains a validating permit within 30
days from receipt of notice from the Building Official.
4.5.2
Existing signs without permit and non-conforming to the provisions of this Rule
shall be altered to conform to this Rule. The owner shall secure the necessary
permit not later than 60 days from receipt of notice from the Building Official. In
case of failure to secure permit within the grace period the sign shall be removed
by the owner. For failure of the owner to remove the sign, the Building Official
shall cause the removal of the sign at the expense of the owner.
4.6 Maintenance
Signs shall be maintained in a safe and presentable condition. Should a sign become, in
the opinion of the Building Official, unsafe or an eyesore, the permute shall, upon notice
from the Building Official, immediately restore the sign to a safe and satisfactory
condition.
For non-compliance with the notice, the Building Official shall restore the sign at the
expense of the permittee.
4.7 Identification
Signs shall bear the imprint of the permittee.
5. Design:
5.1
General. Signs and sign structures shall be designed and constructed to resist wind and
seismic forces as specified in this Rule. All bracing systems shall be designed and
constructed to transfer lateral forces tot he foundations. For signs on buildings, the dead
and lateral loads shall be transmitted through the structural frame of the building to the
ground in such manner as not to overstress any of the elements thereof.
The overturning moment produced from lateral forces shall in no case exceed twothirds of the dead-load resisting moment. Uplift due to overturning shall be adequately
resisted by proper anchorage to the ground or to the structural frame of the building. The
weight of earth superimposed over footings may be used in determining the dead-load
resisting moment. Such earth shall be carefully placed and thoroughly compacted.
5.2
Wind loads. Signs and sign structures shall be designed and constructed to resist wind
forces as specified in Chapter 2 of the National Structural Code for Buildings (NSCB).
5.3
Seismic Loads. Signs and sign structures shall be designed and constructed to resist
seismic forces as specified in Chapter 2 of the NSCB.
5.4
Combined Loads. Wind and seismic loads need not be combined in the design of signs or
sign structure, only that loading producing the larger stresses need be used.
Vertical design loads, except roof live loads, shall be assumed to be acting
simultaneously with the wind or seismic loads.
5.5
Allowable Stresses. The design of wood, concrete, or steel members shall conform to the
requirements of Chapter 3, 4 and 5, of the NSCB. Loads, both vertical and horizontal,
exerted on the soil shall not produce stresses exceeding those specified in Chapter 7 of
the NSCB.
The working stresses of wire rope and its fastenings shall not exceed 25 percent of the
ultimate strength of the rope or fastener.
Working stresses for wind or seismic loads combined with dead loads may be
increased as specified in Chapter 2 of the NSCB.
6. Construction:
6.1
General. The supports of all signs or sign structures shall be placed in or upon private
property and shall be securely built, constructed, and erected in conformance with the
requirements of this Rule.
6.2
Materials. Materials of construction for signs and sign structures shall be of the quality
and grade as specified for buildings in this Rule.
In all signs and sign structures, the materials and details of construction shall, in the
absence of specified requirements, conform with the following:
6.2.1
Structural steel shall be of such quality as to conform with ASTM A 36.
Secondary members in contact with or directly supporting the display surface may
be formed of light gauge steel, provided such members are designed in accordance
with the specifications of the design of light gauge steel as specified in ASTM A
242 and, in addition, shall be galvanized. Secondary members, when formed
integrally with the display surface, shall be not less than No. 24 gauge in
thickness. When not formed integrally with the display surface, the minimum
thickness of the secondary members shall be No. 12 gauge. The minimum
thickness of hot-rolled steel members furnishing structural support for signs shall
be 6.35 mm. except that if galvanized, such members shall be not less than 3.18
mm. thick. Steel pipes shall be of such quality as to conform with ASTM A 36.
Steel members may be connected with one galvanized bolt provided that
connection is adequate to transfer the stresses in the members.
6.2.2
Anchors and supports, when of wood and embedded in the soil, or within 150
mm. of the soil, shall all be of heartwood of a durable species or shall be pressuretreated with an approved preservative.
7. Anchorage:
7.1
Members supporting unbraced signs shall be so proportioned that the bearing loads
imposed on the soil in either direction, horizontal or vertical, shall not exceed the safe
valued. Braced ground signs shall be anchored to resist the specified wind or seismic
load acting in any direction. Anchors and supports shall be designed for safe bearing
loads on the soil and for an effective resistance to pull out amounting to a force 25
percent greater than the required resistance for overturning.
7.2
Portable ground signs supported by frames orb posts rigidly attached to the base shall be
so proportioned that the weight and size of the base will be adequate to resist the wind
pressure.
7.3
Signs attached to masonry, concrete, or steel shall be safely and securely fastened thereto
by means of metal anchors, bolts, or approved expansion screws of sufficient size and
anchorage to support safely the loads applied.
7.4
No wooden blocks or plugs or anchors with wood used in connection with screws or nails
shall be considered proper anchorage, except in the case of signs attached to wood
framing.
RULE VI - ARCADES AND SIDEWALKS
Pursuant to Section 1004 of the National Building Code (PD 1096), arcades shall be constructed on
sidewalks of streets whenever required by existing building and zoning regulations. Subject to existing
laws and regulations, the local planning authority shall determine which street shall have an open
sidewalk or an arcaded sidewalk, or a combination of both, and the width and height thereof, according
to the following:
1. Width of Sidewalks and Arcades
1.1
Sidewalks shall be of uniform width throughout the entire length of the street. The width
of a sidewalk shall not be less than 1/6 of the road right-of-way.
1.1.1 The sidewalk pavement shall have a non-slip surface and shall slope down from
the building line towards the curb line of not more than one in fifty (1/50) and
shall level off with the curb. (See fig. 1)
1.1.2
1.2
Sidewalks of 2.00 meters or more in width shall include on its outer side a
planting strip of not less than 800 millimeters in width, separating the curb from
the sidewalk pavement. (See fig. 9)
All arcades shall be of uniform width throughout the entire length of the street within the
block or from one street corner to another.
1.2.1
Arcades shall be cantilevered from the building line over the sidewalk, and the
horizontal clearance between the curb line and the outmost face of any part of the
arcade shall not be less than 500 millimeters. (See fig. 1 and 10)
1.2.2
Combined open and arcaded sidewalks shall be provided with a planting strip of
not less than 800 millimeters in width as a separating strip between the arcaded
portion and the open portion of the sidewalk. (See fig. 2)
2. Vertical Clearance of Arcade
2.1
The vertical clearance of arcades shall be uniform throughout the entire length of the
street within the block or from one street corner to another. (See fig. 3)
2.2
The minimum vertical clearance of arcades shall be 3 meters and the maximum shall be 6
meters. (See fig. 1)
3. Grade of Sidewalks
3.1
Sidewalks shall, as much as possible, be level and of uniform grade throughout the entire
length of the street.
3.2
Whenever the slope of the street does not exceed one in twelve (1/12) the sidewalk grade
shall follow the level or slope of the street. (See fig. 4)
3.3
Whenever the slope of the street is one in ten (1/10) the sidewalk shall be maintained
level for every 20 to 40 meters of run. Sidewalks of different levels shall be joined by
means of a ramp having any convenient slope not exceeding one in six (1/6). (See fig. 6)
3.4
When the grade of two connecting sidewalks are between + one in 10 (+1/10) and + one
in eight (+1/8), the two sidewalks shall be joined by means of a ramp having any
convenient slope not exceeding one in ten (1/10).
4. Driveways, Entrances and Exits
4.1 Driveways Across Sidewalks
4.2
4.1.1
To maximize the use of the sidewalk area, the surface of the sidewalk and the
driveway shall as much as possible, be at the same place. The entry ramp of the
driveway connecting the roadway surface to the sidewalk surface shall have a
slope ranging from one in three (1/3) to one in four (1/4). (See figs. 11 and 11-A)
4.1.2
Whenever the height of the curb is more than 200 millimeters, driveways may be
constructed across the entire width of the sidewalk, provided that the driveway
shall be joined to the sidewalk by means of a ramp of rough finish having a slope
of not more than one in eight (1/8). The driveway and the ramp shall be made of
the same materials as that of the sidewalk. (See figs. 11 and 11-A and 7)
4.1.3
Driveway underneath arcades may be allowed only underneath cantilevered
arcades within the road right-of-way or underneath colonnaded arcades on private
properties outside the road right-of-way. (See fig. 8)
Entrances and exits of buildings abutting sidewalks shall be made of either ramps or
steps.
4.2.1
Entrance or exit ramps shall have a slope not exceeding one in ten (1/10). (See
fig. 5)
4.2.2
Entrance or exit ramps shall have treads of not less than 300 millimeters. The
minimum number of steps shall be two (2) with risers not exceeding 100
millimeters.
4.2.3
No portion of either entrance or exit ramps or steps intrude into the sidewalk
pavement.
5. Obstruction on Sidewalk
Under no circumstances shall obstructions of any kind be allowed on sidewalks, whether open or
arcaded.
RULE VII - ABATEMENT/DEMOLITION OF BUILDINGS
1. General Building Requirements
1.1
All buildings or structures as well as accessory facilities thereto shall conform in all
respects to the principles of safe construction and must be suited to the purpose for which
they are designed.
1.2
Buildings or structures intended to be used for the manufacture and/or production of any
kind of article or product shall observe adequate environmental safeguards.
1.3
Buildings or structures and all parts thereof as well as all facilities found therein shall be
maintained in safe, sanitary and good looking condition.
2. Site Requirements
The land or site upon which will be constructed any building or structure, or any ancillary or
auxiliary facility thereto, shall be sanitary, hygienic and safe. In the case of sites of buildings
intended for use as human habitation or abode, the he same shall be at a safe distance, as
determined by competent authorities, from streams or bodies of water and/or sources of air
considered to be polluted; from a volcano or volcanic site and/or any other building considered to
be a potential source of fire or explosion.
3. Dangerous Buildings or Structures
Any building or structure which has any or all of the conditions or defects hereinafter described
shall be deemed to be a dangerous building or structure provided that such conditions or defects
exist to the extent that life, health, property or safety of the public or its occupants are
endangered.
3.1 Structural Hazards
3.1.1
Whenever any building or structure or portion thereof has been damaged by fire,
earthquake, wind, flood, or by any other cause to such an extent that the structural
strength or stability thereof is materially less than it was before the catastrophe
and is less than the minimum requirements of the National Structural Code for
Buildings for new buildings of similar structure, purpose or location.
3.1.2
Whenever any portion or member or appurtenance thereof is likely to fall, or to
become detached or dislodged or to collapse and thereby injure persons or damage
property.
3.1.3
Whenever any portion of a building or structure, or any member, appurtenance or
ornamentation on the exterior thereof is not of sufficient strength or stability, or is
not anchored, attached or fastened in place so as to be capable of resisting a wind
pressure of one-half of that specific in the National Structure Code for Buildings
for such type of buildings.
3.1.4
Whenever any portion thereof has been wrecked, warped, buckled or settled to
such an extent that walls or other structural portions have materially less
resistance to winds or earthquakes than in required in the case of similar new
construction.
3.1.5
Whenever the building or structure, or any portion thereof, because of (1)
dilapidation, deterioration or decay; (2) faulty construction; (3) the removal,
movement or instability of any portion of the ground necessary for the purpose of
supporting such building; (4) the deterioration, decay or inadequacy of its
foundation; or (5) any other cause, is likely to partially or totally collapse.
3.1.6
Whenever the exterior walls or other vertical structural members list, lean or
buckle to such an extent that a plumbline passing through the center of gravity
does not fall inside the middle one-third of the base.
3.1.7
Whenever the building or structure, exclusive of the foundation, shows 33 percent
or more damage or deterioration of its supporting member or members, or 50
percent damage or deterioration of its non-supporting members, enclosing or
outside walls or coverings.
3.1.8
Whenever the building or structure has been so damaged by fire, wind, earthquake
or flood, or has become so dilapidated or deteriorated as to become (1) an
attractive nuisance to children; (2) a harbor for vagrants, criminals or immoral
persons; or as to (3) enable persons to resort thereto for the purpose of committing
unlawful or immoral acts.
3.1.9
Whenever any building or structure which, whether or not erected in accordance
with all applicable laws or ordinances, has in any non-supporting part, member or
portion, less than 50 percent or in any supporting part, member or portion less
than 66 percent of the (1) strength; (2) fire-resisting qualities or characteristics; or
(3) weather-resisting qualities or characteristics required by law in the case of a
newly constructed building of like area, height and occupancy in the same
location.
3.1.10 Whenever any portion of a building or structure remains on a site after the
demolition of the building or structure or whenever any building or structure or
portion thereof is abandoned for a period in excess of twelve (12) months so as to
constitute such building or portion thereof an attractive nuisance or hazard to the
public.
3.2 Fire Hazards
3.2.1
Any building or portion thereof, device, apparatus, equipment, combustible
material, or vegetation which may cause fire or explosion, or provide a ready fuel
or augment the spread and intensity of fire or explosion arising from any cause.
3.2.2
All buildings or portions thereof not provided with the required fire-resistive or
fire-protective construction or fire-extinguishing systems or equipment.
3.2.3
Whenever any door, aisle, passageway, stairway, or other means of exit is not of
sufficient width or size, or is not so arranged as to provide safe and adequate
means of exit in case of fire or panic.
3.2.4
Whenever any building or structure, because of obsolescence, dilapidated
condition, deterioration, damage inadequate exits, lack of sufficient fire-resistive
construction, faulty electric wiring, gas connections or heating apparatus, or other
cause, is determined by the Building Official to be a fire hazard.
3.3 Hazardous Electrical Wiring
3.3.1
All wiring systems or installations which do not conform to the rules and
regulations embodies in the Philippine Electrical Code.
3.3.2
Inadequately maintained or improperly used electrical wiring, outlets, devices
and/or equipment.
3.4 Hazardous Mechanical Installation
3.4.1
Mechanical systems or installations which do not conform to the rules and
regulations embodied in the Mechanical Engineering Code of the Philippines
3.4.2
Inadequately maintained or improperly used mechanical outlets, devices and/or
equipment.
3.4.3
Lack of improper operation of required ventilating equipment or air-conditioners.
3.5 Inadequate Sanitation and Health Facilities
3.5.5
3.5.1
All sanitary and plumbing systems or installations which do not conform to the
rules and regulations embodied in the Code on Sanitation and the National
Plumbing Code of the Philippines.
3.5.2
Inadequately maintained or improperly used sanitary and plumbing facilities.
3.5.3
Infestation of insects, vermin, or rodents and lack of adequate control for the
same.
3.5.4
Lack of adequate garbage and rubbish storage and removal or disposal facilities.
Source of pollution.
3.6 Improper Occupancy and Architectural Eyesore
3.6.1
All buildings or portions thereof used or occupied for purposes other than their
intended uses.
3.6.2
Inadequate parking space, as required.
3.6.3
3.6.4
3.6.5
Insufficient amount of natural light and ventilation due to inadequate open spaces
such as courts, yards, and setbacks, as required.
Inadequate sizes of rooms and space dimensions and window openings.
Dilapidated, blighted and other unpresentable buildings or structures against
generally accepted aesthetic standards.
3.7 Improper Location
3.7.1
All buildings or structures or portions thereof which do not conform to the
approved land use and zoning plan.
3.7.2
Buildings located in highly volcanic, earthquake or floodprone areas or sites
considered to be extremely dangerous.
3.8 Illegal Construction
A building or structure shall be deemed to be an illegal construction when it is
constructed, existing or is maintained in violation of any specific requirement or
prohibition applicable to such building or structure as provided in the National Building
Code; the building rules and regulations or in any law or ordinance of the city or
municipality relating to the condition and location of the structure and building therein.
4. Abatement of Dangerous Buildings
Pursuant to Section 215 of the NBC, when a building or structure is found or declared by the
Building Official to be a nuisance is dangerous or ruinous, the Building Official shall order its
repair, vacation or demolition depending upon the degree of danger to life, health, safety and/or
well-being of the general public and its occupants.
5. Procedure for Demolition of Buildings
The following steps shall be observed in the abatement/demolition of buildings under this Rule:
5.1
There must be a finding or declaration by the Building Official that the building or
structure is a nuisance, ruinous or dangerous.
5.2
Written notice or advice shall be served upon the owner and occupant/s of such finding or
declaration, giving him at least fifteen (15) days within which to vacate or cause to be
vacated, repair, renovate, demolish and remove as the case may be, the nuisance, ruinous
or dangerous building or structure or any part or portion thereof.
5.3
Within the fifteen-day period, the owner may, if he so desires, appeal to the Secretary the
finding or declaration of the Building Official and ask that a re-inspection or reinvestigation of the building or structure be made.
5.4
If the appeal is meritorious the Secretary may designate a competent representative/s
other than the Building Official to undertake the re-inspection or re-investigation of the
building. The representative/s so designated shall make or complete his/their report
within a period of thirty days from the date of termination of re-inspection or reinvestigation.
5.5
If after-re-inspection, the finding is the same as the original one, the Secretary thru the
Building Official shall notify the owner, giving him not more than fifteen days from
receipt of notice with affirmed finding to vacate or cause to be vacated and make the
necessary repair, renovation, demolition and removal of the subject building or parts
thereof, as the case may be.
5.6 The decision of the Secretary on the appeal shall be final.
5.7
Upon failure of the owner to comply with the Order of the Building Official or of the
Secretary, in case of appeal, to repair, renovate, demolish and remove the building or any
part thereof after fifteen days from the date of receipt of the Order, the Building Official
shall cause the building or structure to be repaired, renovated, demolished and removed,
partly or wholly, as the case may be, with all expenses therefor chargeable to the owner.
5.8
The building as repaired or in case of demolition, the building materials gathered after the
demolition of the building shall be held by the Office of the Building Official until full
reimbursement of the cost of repair, renovation, demolition and removal is made by the
owner which, in no case, shall extend beyond thirty (30) days from the date of the
completion of the repair, renovation, demolition and removal. After such period, said
building materials of the building thus repaired, renovated or removed shall be sold at
public auction to satisfy the claim of the Office of the Building Official. Any amount in
excess of the claim of the government realized from the sale of the building and/or
building materials shall be delivered to the owner.
6. Other Remedies
The procedures, actions and remedies provided herein are without prejudice to further action that
may be taken by the Building Official against the owner/occupants of buildings or structures
found or declared to be nuisance/s, dangerous, and/or ruinous under the provisions of Articles
482 and 694 to 707 of the Civil Code of the Philippines.
RULE VIII - ADMINISTRATIVE SANCTIONS AND PROCEDURES
Pursuant to the authority vested in the Secretary, now Minister, of Public Works, under the
provisions of Sections 211 and 212 of the national Building Code of the Philippines (P.D. 1096), the
following rules and regulations are hereby promulgated to govern the conduct of cases involving the
implementation of the Code as well as the enforcement of orders, rules and regulations issued in relation
thereto and the imposition of administrative penalties for violations thereof.
1. Definitions - For purposes of this Rule, the following definitions shall apply:
MINISTRY - The Ministry of Public Works,
MINISTER - The head of the Ministry of Public Works.
STAFF - The Building Research and Development Staff (BRDS) organized by and under the
Ministry of Public Works, to undertake, by itself or thru appropriate agencies concerned,
continuing research and development of building systems in order to develop suitable guidelines
and standards, rules and regulations for the effective implementation of the provisions of the
National Building Code, and to provide professional and technical assistance to the Secretary,
now the Minister of Public works, in the management and supervision of the activities of the
Building Officials in the implementation of the Code, including all its referral Code.
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR - The head officer of the Building Research and Development Staff.
CODE - The National Building Code of the Philippines or Presidential Decree No. 1096.
RULES - The rules and regulations issued and to be issued by the Minister to implement and
enforce the provisions of the Code. This includes this Rule.
PERSON - Any individual, partnership, corporation, association and public or private
organization of any character.
PERMIT OFFICE - The Office of the Building Official which under the Code is the one single
office to handle the processing of applications for, and the issuance of, all kinds of permits
pertaining to buildings, both public and private, and all other appurtenances thereto.
APPLICATION - The application for a building permit.
PERMIT - As used in this and other Rules shall mean the principal (building) permit and all the
ancillary or accessory permits pertaining to a building and its appurtenances, such as mechanical
and electrical permits, sanitary/plumbing permits, and permit to construct a fence, sidewalks,
towers, signboards, etc.
2.
Administrative Sanctions: The code provides the following administrative sanctions to insure
observance and compliance with all its provisions:
2.1 Non-issuance, suspension, revocation and/or invalidation of permits.
2.2 Non-issuance, suspension or revocation of certificates of occupancy.
2.3 Issuance of Work Stoppage Order.
2.4 Issuance of Order for Discontinuance of Use or Occupancy of Buildings.
2.5 Abatement and/or demolition of dangerous buildings or structures.
2.6 Imposition of administrative fines.
2.7 Imposition of surcharge/penalty.
3.
Grounds for the Non-issuance, Suspension, Revocation and/or Invalidation of Permit:
the Building Official may order or direct the non-issuance, suspension, revocation and/or
invalidation of a permit based on any one or all of the following grounds:
3.1 Errors found in the plans and specifications.
3.2 Incorrect or inaccurate data or information found in the application.
3.3 Non-compliance with terms and conditions of permits.
3.4
Failure to commence the work within a period of one year from the date of issuance of
permit.
3.5
Suspension or abandonment of the work so authorized in the permit at anytime after it has
been commenced for a period of 120 days or more.
3.6
Unauthorized change, modification or alteration in the approved plans and specifications
and/or in the type of construction.
3.7
Failure to engage the services of a duly licensed architect or civil engineer to undertake
the full time inspection and supervision of the construction work and/or failure of the
licensed architect or civil engineer hired to keep at all times at the jobsite a logbook (of
the progress of construction).
4. Grounds for Non-issuance or Revocation of Certificate of Occupancy:
The Building Official may direct the non-issuance or revocation of certificate of occupancy based
on any or all of the following grounds:
5.
4.1
Unauthorized change, modification or alteration in the approved plans and specifications
and/or in the type of construction.
4.2
Failure to engage the services of a duly licensed architect or civil engineer to undertake
the full time inspection and supervision of the construction work and/or failure of the
licensed architect or civil engineer hired to keep at all times at the jobsite a logbook (of
the progress of construction).
4.3
Failure of the licensed Architect or Civil Engineer who undertook the full time inspection
and supervision work to submit the logbook, Certificate of Completion, As-built plans,
Specifications, Building Inspection Sheet and Fire Safety Inspection Certificate duly
signed and sealed, to the Building Official upon completion of the construction.
Issuance of Work Stoppage Order: The Building Official shall conduct regular inspection of
buildings or structures and their premises within his area of jurisdiction. He may direct or order
the stoppage of work based on any or all of the following grounds:
5.1 Non-compliance with terms and conditions of permits.
6.
5.2
Unauthorized change, modification or alteration in the approved plans and specifications
and/or in the type of construction.
5.3
Failure of the licensed Architect or Civil Engineer who undertook the full time inspection
and supervision work to submit the logbook, Certificate of Completion, As-built plans,
Specifications, Building Inspection Sheet and Fire Safety Inspection Certificate duly
signed and sealed, to the Building Official upon completion of the construction.
5.4
Erecting, construction, altering, moving, converting, or demolishing a building or
structure without a building permit.
5.5
Making any alteration, addition, conversion or repair in any building or structure or
appurtenance thereto, constructed or installed before the adoption of the Code, whether
public or private, without a permit.
5.6
Unauthorized change, modification or alteration during construction from the duly
approved plans and specifications on which the building permit is based.
Issuance of Order for Discontinuance of Use or Occupancy. The Building Official shall
conduct regular inspection of buildings or structures and their premises within his area of
jurisdiction. He may direct or order the discontinuance of use or occupancy of buildings or
structures based on any or all of the following grounds:
6.1
Dangerous or Ruinous Building specified under Sec. 3 of Rule VII of the Implementing
Rules and Regulations.
6.2
Use of occupancy of a building without a Certificate of Occupancy even if constructed
under a valid building permit.
6.3
Change in the existing use or occupancy classification of a building or structure or
portion thereof without the corresponding Certificate of Change of Occupancy.
7. Non-Conforming Use or Occupancy:
The use of occupancy of any building or structure legally authorized under R.A. 6541 or any
existing city or municipal building code or ordinance prior to the adoption of the National
Building Code (P.D. 1096) may be continued although such use or occupancy does not conform
tot he approved land use and/or zoning ordinance.
However, no such non-conforming use or occupancy shall be enlarged or increased or
extended to occupy a greater area of land than that already occupied by such building or
structure. Neither shall such non-conforming use or occupancy be moved in whole or in part, to
any other portion of the lot or parcel of land where such non-conforming use or occupancy exists.
A building/structure whose non-conforming use or occupancy has ceased for more than (1)
year, or has been changed to a use permitted in the District/City/Municipality in which it is
located, shall not be reviewed as a non-conforming use.
A non-conforming building or structure, or a group of non-conforming buildings or structures
related to one use and under one ownership, which have been damaged or destroyed by typhoons,
fires, earthquakes, or other calamities, may be reconstructed and used as before provided that
such reconstruction is done which twelve (12) months from the date of such damage, and
provided, further, that the cost of the reconstruction is not more than twenty percent (20%) of the
original construction cost of the buildings or structure.
The structural repair and/or alteration of a non-conforming building/structure may be allowed
once subsequent to or after the effectivity of the code and of this Rule provided the total cost
thereof shall not exceed twenty percent (20%) of its fair market value, and provided further that
such repair/alteration shall be in accordance with the requirements of the Code.
8. Abatement/Demolition of Dangerous or Ruinous Buildings and Structures:
When any building or structure is found or declared to be a nuisance, dangerous or ruinous, the
Building Official shall order its repair, vacation or demolition depending upon the degree of
danger to life, health, safety and/or well-being of the general public and its occupants. the
condition or defect that would render any building or structure dangerous or ruinous as well as
the procedures for abatement and/or demolition of dangerous buildings or structures are those
provided under Rule VII of the Implementing Rules and Regulations.
9. Imposition of Administrative Fines:
The Minister or his duly authorized representative may prescribe and impose fees not exceeding
ten thousand pesos in the following cases, subject to the terms and procedure as hereunder
provided:
9.1
Erecting, constructing, altering, repairing, moving converting, or demolishing a building
or structure without a building permit.
9.2
Making any alteration, addition, conversion or repair in any building or structure or
appurtenances thereto, constructed or installed before the adoption of the code, whether
public or private, without a permit.
9.3
Unauthorized change, modification or alteration during the construction in the duly
approved plans and specifications on which the building permit is based.
9.4
Non-compliance with work stoppage order and/or orders to effect necessary correction in
plans and specifications found defective.
9.5
Non-compliance with order to demolish buildings declared to be nuisance, ruinous or
dangerous.
9.6
Use or occupancy of a building without a Certificate of Occupancy even if constructed
under a valid building permit.
10.
9.7
Change in the existing use or occupancy classification of a building or structure or
portion thereof without the corresponding Certificate of Change of Occupancy.
9.8
Failure to post or display the certificate of occupancy in a conspicuous place on the
premises of the building as required under Section 309 of the Code.
9.9
Change in the type of construction of any building without approval of the Building
Official.
Determination of Amount of Fines:
In the determination of the amount of fines to be imposed for violation under the preceding
Section, the Minister or his duly authorized representative shall take into consideration the
following:
10.1.
Light Violation
10.1.1 Failure to post Certificate of Occupancy
10.2
Less Grave Violations
10.2.1 Non-compliance with work stoppage order for alteration/addition/conversion/
repair without permit.
10.2.2 Use of occupancy without Certificate of Occupancy.
10.2.3 Change in existing use or occupancy without Certificate of Change of Occupancy.
10.3
Grave Violations
10.3.1 Unauthorized changes during construction.
10.3.2 Unauthorized change in type of construction from more fire-resistive to less fireresistive.
10.3.3 Non-compliance with order to abate or demolish
10.3.4 Non-compliance with work stoppage order for construction without permit.
Fines in Pesos (P)
Light Violations Less Grave Violations
Category I
Minimum
Medium
Maximum
50
50
50
250
500
1,000
500
1,000
2,000
Grave Violations
Category II & III
Minimum
Medium
Maximum
100
100
100
1,000
2,500
5,000
2,000
5,000
10,000
Note: * The Minimum fines shall be imposed for failure to comply with the terms of the 1st notice.
* The Minimum fines shall be imposed for failure to comply with the terms of the 2nd notice.
* The Minimum fines shall be imposed for failure to comply with the terms of the 3rd and final
notice.
11.
Surcharge/ Penalty:
Without prejudice to the provisions of the preceding sections, the
Building Official is hereby also authorized to impose a penalty or surcharge in the following
cases in such amount and in the manner as hereunder fixed and determined:
11.1
for constructing, installing, repairing, altering or causing any change in the use or
occupancy of any building or part thereof or appurtenances thereto without any permit,
there shall be imposed a surcharge of 100% of the building permit fee: Provided, that
when the work in the building or structure is started during the pendency of the final
action or pending approval by the Building Official of the application for building permit,
the amount of the surcharge shall be according to the following:
a. Excavation for foundation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
b. Construction of foundation (including pile driving
and laying of reinforcing bars) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
c. Construction of superstructure up to 2 meters
above established gate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
d. Construction of superstructure above 2 meters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10%
25%
50%
100%
Provided further, that when the work on the building or structure is started with due
notice and advice to the Building Official and after the lapse of thirty (30) days from the
date of filing and acceptance of the application for building permit, no surcharge or
penalty shall be imposed.
11.2.
For failure to pay inspection fee within thirty (30) days from the prescribed date,
surcharge of 25% of the inspection fee shall be imposed.
12. Authority to Enforce Administrative Sanctions:
Except as otherwise provided in these Rules, the Building Official is hereby designated as the
duly authorized representative of the Minister who is empowered to carry out and enforce the
above-mentioned administrative sanctions within his area of jurisdiction.
13. Initiation of Action:
The Building Official, motu proprio, or upon complaint, and after the notice and/or hearing,
initiates action towards the non-issuance, suspension, revocation or invalidation of a building
permit or a certificate of occupancy, issuance of a work stoppage order or an order for the
discontinuance of the use or occupancy of a building or portion thereof, declaration of a building
or structure as ruinous or dangerous and/or the imposition of appropriate fines.
14. Notice and Answer:
In case of a protest against a pending application or a complaint alleging violation of any of the
terms and conditions of a building permit or certificate of occupancy, or of any provisions of this
Code or of the Implementing Rules and Regulations, the Building Official shall immediately
notify the respondent in writing the require him to submit a written explanation or answer within
a period of not less than five (5) days from the receipt of notice.
15.
Action on the Protest/Complaint:
If the answer or explanation of the respondent (applicant/permittee/owner of building) is found
satisfactory, the Building Official shall dismiss the protest or complaint. If found not
satisfactory, he shall personally conduct a formal investigation of the complaint, or designate an
investigator to do the same.
16.
The Investigation Proper: In any contested case or investigation, all parties shall be entitled to
notice and hearing. The notice shall be served at least five days before the date of the hearing
and shall state the date, time, and place of the hearing. The parties shall also be given
opportunity to present evidence and argument on all issues.
17.
Subpoena:
In any investigation, the Building Official shall have the power to require the
attendance of witnesses as well as the production of documentary evidence and other pertinent
data.
18.
Rules of Evidence:
In any investigation,
18.1
The Building Official may admit and give probative value to evidence as commonly
accepted by reasonably prudent men in the conduct of their affairs.
18.2
Documentary evidence may be received in the form of copies or excerpts, if the original
is not readily available. Upon request, the parties shall be given opportunity to compare
the copies with the original. If the original is in the official custody of a public officer, a
certified true copy thereof may be accepted.
18.3
Every party shall have the right to cross-examine witnesses and to submit rebuttal
evidence.
18.4
The investigator may take notice of judicially cognizable facts and of generally
cognizable technical or scientific facts within his or the witnesses' specialized or
professional knowledge.
19. Inspection Team:
Whenever the Building Official suspects that a building or structure poses imminent danger or
risk to life, limb or property and the public welfare, he shall immediately send an inspection team
to conduct a detailed inspection of the building or structure. The team shall submit a report
within ten (10) days.
20. Closure of Building:
Based on the findings and recommendations of the inspection team, in accordance with any or all
of the conditions enumerated under Sec. 3 of Rule VII of the Implementing Rules and
Regulations, the Building Official may direct or order the closure of the building.
21. Lifting of Order or Closure:
The Building Official shall order the lifting of the closure only after the defects or deficiencies of
the subject building or structure have been duly corrected.
22. Decision - Form and Service Thereof:
Every decision , order or notice of non-issuance, suspension or revocation of a building
permit/certificate of occupancy shall be in writing, and shall state specifically the reason/s or
ground/s therefore. The Building Official shall decide each case within fifteen (15) days
following the termination of the investigation. The parties concerned shall be notified of the
decision in writing by courier or by registered mail.
23.
Finality of Order/Decision:
The order or decision of the Building Official shall become final and executory fifteen (15) days
after receipt of a copy thereof by the party adversely affected unless within that period, an
administrative appeal has been perfected. In which case, the fifteen (15) day period shall be
suspended accordingly. If a motion for reconsideration is denied, the movant shall have the right
to perfect his appeal during the remainder of the period for appeal, reckoned from the date of
receipt of the resolution of denial. If the order for decision is reversed on reconsideration, the
aggrieved party, if there is any, shall have fifteen (15) days from receipt of the resolution within
which to perfect his appeal.
24
Appeal:
Within fifteen (15) days from the date of receipt of notice or advice of the non-issuance,
suspension or revocation of permit and/or certificate of occupancy or nay order or decision of the
Building Official, the applicant/permittee or any adversely affected party may file an appeal
directly with the Minister or through the nearest Public Works Regional Director. The Minister
shall render his decision with the technical assistance of the Executive Director and his staff
and/or call upon any officer in the Ministry to initially act on the appeal.
25. Finality of Decision of Minister:
the order or decision of the Minister in any case brought to him on appeal shall be final and shall
become executory fifteen (15) days after the receipt of the parties concerned of a copy thereof.
26. Police Assistance in the Execution of Order/Decision:
For the enforcement and execution of any of his orders or decisions, the Minister or his duly
authorized representative may secure the assistance of the local police or any peace officer in the
locality or area where the building or structure is located, in accordance with the Memo of
Agreement dated August 1, 1978 between the Minister of the National Defense and Minister of
Public Works, Transportation and Communications.
27.
Disposition of Fines
All fines and other surcharges collected by the Building Official under this Rule shall be treated
in the same manner as the building fees and charges authorized by the Minister to be collected
and received under Section 208 of the Code.
28.
Other Remedies and Supplementary Effect of Other Laws:
The rights, actions, remedies and procedures provided in this Rule shall be without prejudice to
further action that the Minister and/or the Building Official may take under the provisions of
Articles 482 and 694 to 707 of the civil code of the Philippines. Furthermore, all other rights of
action and remedies that may be available under existing laws shall, if applicable, have a
supplementary effect thereto.
RULE IX - ELECTRICAL REGULATIONS
Pursuant to Sections 102, 103 and 1301 of the National Building code (PD 1096) the following
Rules shall govern the installation of Primary and Secondary Distribution Lines, Transformers and other
equipment in subdivisions, along public and private roads and attached to or over buildings.
1.
General Location Requirements in Towns, Subdivisions, Human Settlements, Industrial Estates
and the like.
Overhead transmission and/or distribution lines/systems including transformers, poles, towers
and the like shall be located and installed following the latest standards of design, construction
and maintenance. However, in the interest of public safety, convenience, good viewing and
aesthetics may be located and installed along alleys or back streets so as not to cause visual
pollution.
2. Location of Poles and Clearances of Power Lines along Public Roads.
2.1
All poles erected on public roads shall be covered by Approved Pole Location (APL) plan
from the Highway District City/Municipal Engineer.
2.2
Poles and transformer supports shall be located not more than 500 mm inside from the
road right-of-way or property line, and shall not obstruct the sidewalk, pedestrian path
and/or the road drainage canal or structure, existing or proposed.
2.3
Primary lines shall have a minimum vertical clearance of 10 M from the crown of the
pavement when crossing the highway and 7.5 M from the top of the shoulder or sidewalk
when installed along the side of the highway or street in a highly urbanized areas.
2.4
Secondary, neutral and service lines shall have a minimum vertical clearance of 7.5 M
from the crown of the road pavement when crossing the highway and from the top of the
shoulder or sidewalk when installed along the side of the highway or street in highly
urbanized areas. 25. Clearances of Supporting Structures such as Poles, Towers, and
others and their guys and braces measured from the nearest parts of the objects
concerned:
A. From fire Hydrants, not less than 5 M.
B.
From Street Corners, where hydrants are located at street corners, poles and
towers shall not be set so far from the corners as to make necessary the use of
flying taps which are inaccessible from the poles.
C.
From Curbs, not less than 150 mm measured from the curb away from the
roadway.
NOTE: Guy wires and other structures shall in no way be installed as to obstruct
pedestrian and/or vehicular traffic.
3. Attachments on and Clearances from Buildings
3.1
Attachments for support of power lines and cables, transformers and other equipment
and/or communications lines installed on building shall be covered by an Approved
Attachment Plan from the local Building Official.
3.2
Where the buildings exceed 15 M in height, overhead lines shall be arranged where
practicable so that a clear space or zone at least 2 M wide will be left, either adjacent to
the building or beginning not over 2.5 M from the building, to facilitate the rising of
ladders where necessary for fire fighting.
EXCEPTION: This requirement does not apply where it is the rule of the local fire
department to exclude the use of ladders in alleys or other restricted places which are
generally occupied by supply lines.
4. Open Supply Conduction Attached to Buildings
Where the permanent attachment of open supply conductors of any class to buildings is necessary
for an entrance such conductors shall meet the following requirements:
4.1
Conductors of more than 300 volts to ground shall not be carried along or near the surface
of the building unless they are guarded or made inaccessible.
4.2
To promote safety to the general public and to employees not authorized to approach
conductors and other current-carrying parts of electric supply lines, such parts shall be
arranged so as to provide adequate clearance from the ground or other space generally
accessible, or shall be provided with guards so as to isolate them effectively from
accidental contract by such persons.
4.3
Ungrounded metal-sheathed service cables, service conduits, metal fixtures and similar
non-current-carrying parts, if located in urban districts and where liable to become
charged to more than 300 volts to ground, shall be isolated or guarded so as not to be
exposed to accidental contact by unauthorized persons. As an alternative isolation or
guarding noncurrent-carrying parts shall be solidly or effectively grounded.
4.4
Clearance of wires from building surface shall be not less than those required in Table II.
TABLE II. Clearances of Supply Conductors from Buildings
(1) For spans 0
-
45 M, the clearances shall be as given in Table II.
VOLTAGE OF SUPPLY CONDUCTORS
IN METERS
HORIZONTAL CLEARANCE
CLEARANCE
VERTICAL
300 TO 8,700 volts
1.0
2.5
More than 8,700 to 1,500 volts
2.5
2.5
More than 15,000 to 50,000 volts
3.0
3.0
Exceeding 50,000 volts
3.0 plus 10 mm
3.0 plus 10 mm
per Kv in excess
per Kv in excess
(2)
4.5
Where the span length exceeds 45 M the increased clearances required by Rule 232, B, 1
of the PEC shall be provided.
Supports over buildings. Service-drop conductors passing over a roof shall be securely
supported by substantial structure. where practicable, such supports shall be independent
of the building.
5. Conductors Passing By or Over Buildings
5.1
Minimum Clearances. Unguarded or accessible supply conductors carrying voltages in
excess of 300 volts may be run either beside or over buildings. The vertical or horizontal
clearance to any building or its attachments (balconies, platforms), etc.) shall be as listed
below. The horizontal clearance governs above the roof level to the point where the
diagonal equals the vertical clearance requirement. This rule should not be interpreted as
restricting the installation of a trolley contact conductor over the approximate center line
of the track it serves. (See Fig. 1)
5.2
Guarding of Supply Conductors/Supply Conductors of 300 volts or more shall be
properly guarded by grounded conduit, barriers, or otherwise, under the following
conditions:
1)
Where the clearances set forth in Table II above cannot be obtained.
2)
Where such supply conductors are placed near enough to windows, verandas, fire
escapes, or other ordinarily accessible places within the reach of persons. NOTE:
Where the required clearances cannot be obtained, supply conductors shall be of
Grounded Metallic Shield, Jacketed Primary Cables groups or bundled and
supported by grounded messenger wires.
Table III. Minimum Clearance in Any Direction From Line Conductors to Supports,
and to vertical or Lateral Conductors, Span or Guy Wires Attached
to the Same Support
(All voltages are between conductors)
Communication
Lines
Clearance of line
conductors from generaljointly
0 to 8,700 volts
Exceeding
8,700
On
volts, add
On
for each
used
poles
mm
Of other circuits . . . . .
Span and guy wires attached
to same pole:
General . . . . . . .
75
75
75
75
75
75
150
150
When parallel to line . .
Lightning-protection wires
parallel to line
75
Surfaces of crossarms . . . . .
75
Surfaces of poles . . . . . .
In General jointly
In
used
1,000
poles
volts of
excess
mm
mm
mm
mm
Vertical and Lateral
conductors:
Of same circuit . . . . . .
Supply Lines
75
75
150
6.25
75
10
150
300
10
300
10
10
75
75
125
75
75
5
75
125
5
6. Clearance of Service Drops
6.1
Service drop conductors shall not be readily accessible and when not in excess of 600
volts, shall conform to the following:
a)
Clearances Over Roof. Conductors shall have a clearance of not less than 2.5 M
from the highest point of roofs over which they pass with the following
exceptions:
Exception No. 1. Where the voltage between conductors does not exceed 300
volts and the roof has a slope of not less than 100 mm than 100 mm in 300 mm,
the clearance may not be less than 1 M.
Exception No. 2. Service drop conductors of 300 volts or less which do not pass
over other than a maximum of 1.2 M of the overhand portion of the roof for the
purpose of terminating at a through-the-roof service raceway or approved support
may be maintained at a minimum of 500 mm from any portion of the roof over
which they pass.
6.2
Clearance from Ground. Conductors shall have a clearance of not less than 3 M from the
ground or from any platform or projection from which they might be reached.
6.3
Clearance from Building Openings. Conductors shall have a horizontal clearance of not
less than 1 M from windows, doors, porches, fire escapes, or similar locations and shall
be run at least 500 mm above the top level of a window or opening.
6.4
Service Drop of communication lines, when crossing a street, shall have a clearance of
not less than 5.50 meters from the crown of the street or sidewalk over which it passes.
Service Drop of communication lines shall have a minimum clearance of 3.00 meters
above ground at its point of attachment to the building or pedestal.
6.5
No parts of swimming and wading pools shall be placed under existing service-drop
conductors or any other over-head wiring; nor shall such wiring be installed above the
following:
a)
Swimming and wading pools and the area extending 3.00 meters outward
horizontally from the inside of the walls of the pool.
b)
Diving Structures
c)
Observation stands, towers or platforms
7. Wiring Methods
Service entrance conductors extending along the exterior or entering buildings or other structures
shall be installed in rigid steel conduit or asbestos cement conduit or concrete encased plastic
conduit from point of service drop to meter socket and from meter socket to the disconnecting
equipment. However, where the service entrance conductors are protected by approved fuses or
breakers at their outer ends (immediately after the service drop or lateral) they may be installed in
any of the recognized wiring methods.
7.1
Abandoned Lines and/or portions of lines no longer required to provide service shall be
removed.
7.2
Power or communication poles, lines, service drops and other line equipment shall be free
from any attachment for antennas. sings, streamers and the like.
7.3
Metallic sheaths or jackets of overhead power or communication cables shall be grounded
at a point as close as possible to ground level whenever such cables change from
overhead to underground installations.
8. Transformers
8.1
Oil-Insulated Transformers Installed Outdoors.
Combustible material, combustible buildings and parts of buildings, fire escapes, door
and window openings shall be safeguarded from fires originating in oil-insulated
transformers installed on. attached to, or adjacent to a building of combustible material.
space separations, fire-resistant barriers and enclosures which confine the oil of a
ruptured transformer tank are recognized safeguards. One or more of these safeguards
shall be applied according to the degree of hazard involved in cases where the transformer
installation presents a fire hazard. Oil enclosures may consist of fire-resistant dikes,
curbed areas or basins, or trenches filled with coarse, crushed stone. Oil enclosures shall
be provided with trapped drains in cases where the exposure and the quantity of oil
involved are such that removal of oil is important.
8.2
Dry-Type Transformers Installed Indoors.
Transformers rated 112-1/2 KVA or less shall have separation of at least 300 mm from
combustible material unless separated therefrom by a fire-resistant hear-insulating barrier,
or unless of a rating not exceeding 600 volts and completely enclosed except for
ventilating openings. Transformers of more than 112-1/2 KVA rating shall be installed in
a transformer room of fire-resistant construction unless they are constructed with Class B
(80°C rise) or Class H (150°C rise) insulation, and are separated from combustible
material not less than 1.85 M horizontally and 3.7 M vertically or are separated therefrom
by a fire-resistant hear-insulating barrier. Transformers rated more than 35,000 volts
shall be installed in a vault.
8.3
Askarel-Insulated Transformers Installed Indoors.
Askarel-insulated transformers rated in excess of 25 KVA shall be furnished with a
pressure-relief vent. Where installed in a poorly ventilated place they shall be furnished
with a means for absorbing any gases generated by arcing inside the case, or the pressure
relief vent shall be connected to a chimney or flue which will carry such gases outside the
building. Askarel-insulated transformers rated more than 35,000 volts shall be installed
in a vault.
8.4
Oil-Insulated Transformers Installed Indoors.
Oil-insulated transformers shall be installed in a vault constructed as specified in this
Section except as follows:
8.4.1
NOT OVER 112-1/2 KVA TOTAL CAPACITY. The provisions for transformer
vaults specified in Section 9.3 of this Rule apply except that the vault may be
constructed of reinforced concrete not less than 100 mm thick.
8.4.2
NOT OVER 600 VOLTS. A vault is not required provided suitable arrangements
are made where necessary to prevent a transformer oil fire igniting other materials,
and the total transformer capacity in one location does not exceed 10 KVA in a
section of the building classified as combustible, or 75 KVA where the
surrounding structure is classified as fire-resistant construction.
8.4.3
FURNACE TRANSFORMERS. Electric furnace transformers of a total rating
not exceeding 75 KVA may be installed without a vault in a building or room of
fire-resistant construction provided suitable arrangements are made to prevent a
transformer oil fire spreading to other combustible material.
8.4.4
DETACHED BUILDING. Transformers may be installed in a building which
does not conform with the provisions specified in this Code for transformer vault,
provided neither the building nor its contents present fire hazard to any other
building or property, and provided the building is used only in supplying electric
service and the interior is accessible only to qualified persons.
8.5 Guarding.Transformers shall be guarded as follows:
8.5.1 MECHANICAL PROTECTION. Appropriate provisions shall be made to
minimize the possibility of damage to transformers from external causes where
the transformers are located exposed to physical damage.
8.5.2
CASE OR ENCLOSURE. Dry-Type transformers shall be provided with a noncombustible moisture resistant case or enclosure which will provide reasonable
protection against accidental insertion of foreign objects.
8.5.3
EXPOSED LIVE PARTS. The transformer installation shall conform with the
provisions for guarding of live parts in PEC Rule 1056.
8.5.4
VOLTAGE WARNING. The operating voltage of exposed live parts of
transformer installations shall be indicated by signs or visible markings on the
equipment or structures.
9. Provisions for Transformers Vaults
9.1
New Building. New buildings requiring an expected load demand of 200 KVA or above
shall be provided with a transformer vault, except that transformers may be mounted on
poles or structures within the property if enough space is available, provided that all
clearances required can be obtained and no troublesome contamination on insulators,
bushings, etc. can cause hazards and malfunctioning of the equipment.
10.
9.2
Location. Transformer and transformer vaults shall be readily accessible to qualified
personnel for inspection and maintenance. Vaults shall be located where they can be
ventilated to the outside air without using flues or ducts wherever such an arrangement is
practicable.
9.3
Walls, Roof and Floor. The walls and roofs of vaults shall consist of reinforced
concrete not less than 150 mm thick, masonry or brick not less than 200 mm thick, or 300
mm load bearing hollow concrete blocks. the inside wall and roof surface of vaults
constructed of hollow concrete blocks shall have a coating of cement or gypsum plaster
not less than 20 mm thick. the vault shall have a concrete floor not less than 100 mm
thick. Building walls and floors which meet these requirements may serve for the floor,
roof and one or more walls of the vaults. Other forms of fire-resistive construction are
also acceptable provided they have adequate structural strength for the conditions and a
minimum fire resistance of two and one-half hours according to the approved Fire Test
Standard. The quality of the material used in the construction of the vault shall be of the
grade approved by the Building Official having jurisdiction.
9.4
Doorways.
follows:
Any doorway leading from the vault into the building shall be protected as
9.4.1
TYPE OF DOOR. Each doorway shall be provided with a tight-fitting door of a
type approved for openings in such locations by the authority enforcing this Code.
9.4.2
SILLS. A door sill or curb of sufficient height to confine within the vault, the oil
from the largest transformer shall be provided and in no case shall the height be
less than 100 mm.
9.4.3
LOCKS. Entrance doors shall be equipped with locks, and doors shall be kept
locked, access being allowed only to qualified persons. Locks and latches shall be
so arranged that the door may be readily and quickly opened from the inside.
Ventilation. Ventilation shall be adequate to prevent a transformer temperature in excess of the
prescribed values.
10.1
Ventilation Openings. When required, openings for ventilation shall be provided in
accordance with the following:
10.1.1 LOCATION. Ventilation openings shall be located as far away as possible from
doors, windows, fire escapes and combustible material.
10.1.2 ARRANGEMENT. Vaults ventilated by natural circulation of air may have
roughly half of the total area of openings required for ventilation in one or more
openings near the floor and the remainder in one or more openings in the roof or
in the sidewalls near the roof; or all of the area required for ventilation may be
provided in one or more openings in or near the roof.
10.1.3 SIZE. In the case of vaults ventilated to an outdoor area without using ducts or
flues the combined net area of all ventilating openings after deducting the area
occupied by screens, gratings, or louvers, shall be not less than .006 sq. mm per
KVA of transformer capacity in service, except that the net area shall be not less
than 0.1 sq. m. for any capacity under 50 KVA.
10.1.4 COVERING. Ventilation openings shall be covered with durable gratings,
screens, or louvers, according to the treatment requirement required in order to
avoid unsafe conditions.
10.1.5 DAMPERS. Where automatic dampers are used in the ventilation openings of
vaults containing oil-insulated transformers, the actuating device should be made
to function at a temperature resulting from fire and not a temperature which might
prevail as a result of an overheated transformer or bank of transformers.
Automatic dampers should be designed and constructed to minimize the
possibility of accidental closing.
10.1.6 DUCTS. Ventilating ducts shall be constructed of fire resistant material.
10.1.7 DRAINAGE. Where practicable, vaults containing more than 100 KVA
transformer capacity shall be provided with a drain or other means which will
carry off any accumulation of oil or water in the vaults unless local conditions
make this impracticable. the floor shall be pitched to the drain when provided.
10.1.8 WATER PIPES AND ACCESSORIES. Any pipe or duct system foreign to the
electrical installation should not enter or pass through a transformer vault. Where
the presence of such foreign system cannot be avoided, appurtenances thereto
which require maintenance at regular intervals shall not be located inside the
vault. Arrangements shall be made where necessary to avoid possible trouble
from compensation, leaks and breaks in such foreign system. Piping or other
facilities provided for fire protection or for water-cooled transformers are not
deemed to be foreign to the electrical installation.
11. C A P A C I T O R S
11.1
Application. This Section applies to installation of capacitors on electric circuits in or on
buildings.
Exception No. 1.
Capacitors that are components of other apparatus shall conform to
the requirements for such apparatus.
Exception No. 2.
Capacitors in hazardous locations shall comply with additional
requirements in PEC Section 400-415.
11.2
Location. An installation of capacitors in which any single unit contains more than three
gallons of combustible liquid shall be in a vault conforming to part C of PEC Section
319.
11.3
Mechanical Protection. Capacitors shall be protected from physical damage by location
or by suitable fences, barriers or other enclosures.
11.4
Cases and Supports.
supports.
11.5
Transformers Used With Capacitors. Transformers which are components of capacitor
installations and are used for the purpose of connecting the capacitor to a power circuit
shall be installed in accordance with PEC Section 319. The KVA rating shall not be less
than 135 per cent of the capacitor rating in Kvar.
Capacitors shall be provided with non-combustible cases and
12. Emergency Systems
12.1
The provisions of this Section shall apply to the installation, operation and maintenance
of circuits, systems and equipment intended to supply illumination and power in the event
of failure of the normal supply or in the event of accident to elements of a system
supplying power and illumination essential for safety to life and property where such
systems or circuits are required by the Fire Code, or by any government agency having
jurisdiction.
Emergency systems are generally installed in places of assembly where artificial
illumination is required, such as buildings subject to occupancy by large numbers of
persons, hotels, theaters, sports arenas, hospitals and similar institutions. Emergency
systems provide power for such functions as refrigeration, operation of mechanical
breathing apparatus, ventilation essential to maintain life, illumination and power for
hospital room, fire alarm systems, fire pumps, industrial processes where current
interruption would produce serious hazards, public address systems and other similar
functions.
12.2
All requirements of this Section shall apply to emergency systems.
12.3
All equipment for use on emergency systems shall be properly approved.
12.4
Tests and Maintenance
a) The authority having jurisdiction shall conduct or witness a test on the complete
system upon completion of installation, and periodically afterwards.
b) Systems shall be tested periodically in accordance with a schedule acceptable to the
authority having jurisdiction to assure that they are maintained in proper operating
condition.
c) Where the battery systems or unit equipment are involved, including batteries used
for starting or ignition in auxiliary engines, the authority having jurisdiction shall require
periodic maintenance. d) A written record shall be kept of such tests and maintenance.
12.5
Emergency systems shall have adequate capacity and rating for the emergency operation
of all equipment connected to the system.
12.6
Current supply shall be such that in the event of failure of the normal supply to or within
the building or group of buildings concerned, emergency lighting or emergency power,
will be immediately available. The supply system for emergency purposes may be
composed of one or more of the types of systems covered in Section 12.7 to Section
12.10 of this Rule. Unit equipment in accordance with Section 12.21 shall satisfy the
applicable requirements of this Section.
Consideration must be given to the type of service to be rendered; whether for short
duration, as for exit lights of a theater, or for long duration, as for supplying emergency
power and lighting during long periods of current failure from trouble either inside or
outside the buildings, as in the case of a hospital.
Assignment of degree of reliability of the recognized emergency supply system depends
upon the careful evaluation of the variables of each particular installation.
12.7
A storage battery of suitable rating and capacity shall supply, by means of a service
installed according to Section 200 of the PEC and maintained at not more than 90 per
cent of system voltage, the total load of the circuits supplying emergency lighting and
emergency power for a period of at least 1/2 hour.
Batteries, whether of the acid or alkali type, shall be designed and constructed to meet the
requirements of the emergency service. Lead-acid type batteries shall include low gravity
acid (1.20 to 1.22 SP. GR.), relatively thick and rugged-plated and separators, and a
transparent jar.
12.8
A generator set driven by some form of prime mover, with sufficient capacity and proper
rating to supply circuits carrying emergency lighting or lighting and power, equipped with
suitable means for automatically starting the prime mover on failure of the normal service
shall be provided. For hospitals, the transition-time from instant of failure of the normal
power source to the emergency generator source shall not exceed ten seconds. (See
Section 12.4).
12.9
There shall be two services, each in accordance with Section 200 of the PEC, widely
separated electrically and physically to minimize the possibility of simultaneous
interruption of power supply arising from an occurrence within the building or group of
buildings served.
12.10 Connections on the line side of the main service shall be sufficiently separated from said
main service to prevent simultaneous interruption of supply through an occurrence within
the building or group of buildings served.
12.11 The requirements of Section 12.5 and Section 12.6 also apply to installations where the
entire electrical load on a service or sub-service is arranged to be supplied from a second
source. Current supply from a standby power plant shall satisfy the requirements of
availability in Section 12.6.
12.12 Audible and visual sign devices shall be provided, where practicable, for the following
purposes:
a) To give warning of dearrangement of the emergency or auxiliary source.
b) To indicate that the battery or generator set is carrying a load.
c) To indicate when a battery charges is properly functioning.
12.13 Only appliances and lamps specified as required for emergency use shall be supplied by
emergency lighting circuits.
12.14 Emergency illumination shall be provided for all required exit lights and all other lights
specified as necessary for sufficient illumination.
Emergency lighting systems should be so designed and installed that the failure of any
individual lighting element, such as the burning out of a light bulb, shall not leave any
area in total darkness.
12.15 Branch circuits intended to supply emergency lighting shall be so installed as to provide
service immediately when the normal supply for lighting is interrupted. Such
installations shall provide either one of the following:
a)
An emergency lighting supply, independent of the general lighting system with
provisions for automatically transferring to the emergency lights by means of
devices approved for the purpose upon the event of failure of the general lighting
system supply.
b)
Two or more separate and complete systems with independent power supply, each
system providing sufficient current for emergency lighting purposes. Unless both
systems are used for regular lighting purposes and are both lighted, means shall be
provided for automatically energizing either system upon failure of the other.
Either or both systems may be part of the general lighting system of the protected
occupancy if circuits supplying lights for emergency illumination are installed in
accordance with other Sections of this Rule.
12.16 For branch circuits which supply equipment classed as emergency, there shall be an
emergency supply source to which the load will be transferred automatically and
immediately upon the failure of the normal supply.
12.17 Emergency circuit wiring shall be kept entirely independent of all other wiring and
equipment and shall not enter the same-raceway, box or cabinet with other wiring except:
a) In transfer switches, or
b) In exit or emergency lighting fixtures supplied from two (2) sources.
12.18
The switches installed in emergency lighting circuits shall be so arranged that only
authorized persons have control of emergency lighting, except:
a) Where two or more single throw switches are connected in parallel to control a single
circuit, at least one of those switches shall be accessible only to authorized persons.
b) Additional switches which act only to put emergency lights into operation but not to
disconnect them may be permitted.
Switches connected in series and three-and four-way switches shall not be allowed.
12.19
All manual switches for controlling emergency circuits shall be located at the most
accessible place to authorized persons responsible for their actuation. In places of
assembly, such as theaters, a switch for controlling emergency lighting systems shall be
located in the lobby or at a place conveniently accessible therefrom.
In no case shall a control switch for emergency lighting in a theater for motion picture
projection be placed in the projection booth or on the stage. However, where multiple
switches are provided, one such switch may be installed in such locations and so arranged
that it can energize but not disconnect for the circuit.
12.20 Lights on the exterior of the building which are not required for illumination when there
is sufficient daylight may be controlled by an automatic light-actuated device approved
for the purpose.
12.21
In hospital corridors, switching arrangements to transfer corridor lighting in patient areas
of hospitals from overhead fixtures to fixtures designed to provide night lighting may be
permitted, provided that the switching system is so designed that switches can only select
between two sets of fixtures but cannot extinguish both sets at the same time.
12.22
The branch-circuits over current devices in emergency circuits shall be accessible to
authorized person only.
12.23
Where permitted by the authority having jurisdiction, in lieu of other methods specified
elsewhere in this Section, individual unit equipment for emergency illumination shall
consist of:
a) Battery
b) Battery charging means, when a storage battery is used.
c) One or more lamps, and
d)
A relying device arranged to energize the lamps automatically upon failure of the
normal supply to the building.
Unit equipment shall be permanently fixed in place (i.e. not portable) and shall have all
wiring to each unit installed in accordance with the requirements of any of the wiring
methods discussed in Chapter II of the PEC. They shall not be connected by flexible
cord. The supply circuit between the unit equipment and the service, the feeders or the
branch circuit wiring shall be installed as required by Section 12.17. Emergency
illumination fixtures which obtain power from a unit equipment which are re not part of
the unit equipment shall be wired to the unit equipment as required by Rule 5257 of the
PEC and in accordance with the one of the wiring methods described in Chapter II of the
PEC.
13. EFFECTIVITY
13.1
13.2
All primary and secondary supply lines already existing shall comply with the provisions
of this Rule within two (2) years from the effectivity of this Rule.
Transformers to be installed on, attached to, or in buildings shall comply with the
requirements of this Rule. transformer installations already existing shall comply with
the requirements within two (2) years from the effectivity of this Rule. 13.3 Noncompliance with the provisions of this Rule shall be subject to the penal provisions in
Section 213 of PD 1096.
RULE X - MECHANICAL REGULATIONS
1. Definitions - For purposes of this Rule, the following definitions shall apply:
ACCIDENTAL CONTACT - Any inadvertent physical contact with power transmission
equipment, prime movers, machines or machine parts which could result from slipping, falling,
sliding, tripping or any other unplanned action or movement.
AIR CONDITIONING - The process of treating air so as to control simultaneously its
temperature, humidity, cleanliness and distribution to meet the requirements of the conditioned
space.
BALLUSTRADES - The frames on either side of the moving steps of an escalator.
BOILER - A closed vessel for heating water or for application of heat to generate steam or other
vapor to be used externally or to itself.
BUFFER - A device designed to stop a descending car or counterweight beyond its normal limit
of travel by absorbing and dissipating the kinetic energy of the car or counterweight.
CAGE/CAB - An enclosure for housing the operator and the hoisting mechanism, power plant
and equipment controlling a crane.
CAPACITY OF WORKS, PROJECT OR PLANT - The total horsepower of all engines, motors,
turbines or other prime movers installed, whether in operation or not.
CAR - The load-carrying unit of an elevator including its platform, frame, enclosure and door or
gate.
COMPRESSOR - A mechanical device for the purpose of increasing the pressure upon the
refrigerant.
CONDENSER - A vessel or arrangement of pipes or tubing in which vaporized refrigerant is
liquified by the removal of heat.
CONDEMNED BOILER OR UNFIRED PRESSURE VESSEL - A boiler or unfired pressure
vessel that has been inspected by the Building Official and declared unsafe or disqualified and
power stamped or marked designating its rejection.
CRANE - Means a machine for lifting or lowering a load and moving it horizontally, the hoisting
mechanism being an integral part of the machine.
DUCT - A passageway made of sheet metal or other suitable material not necessarily leak tight,
for conveying air or other gases at low pressure.
DUMBWAITER - A hoisting and lowering mechanism equipped with a car not to exceed 3861
sq. cm. in area and a maximum height of 1.20 m., the capacity of which does not exceed 277
kilos, used exclusively for carrying materials.
ELEVATOR - A hoisting and lowering mechanism equipped with a car or platform which moves
in guides in a vertical direction serving two or more floors of a building or structure. Movement
of the car may be controlled by gravitational, manual or mechanical power.
ELEVATOR LANDING - That portion of a floor, balcony or platform for loading or discharging
passengers or freight to or from the elevator.
ELEVATOR WIRE ROPES - Steel wire ropes attached to the car frame or passing around
sheaves attached to the car frame from which elevator/dumbwaiter cars and their counterweights
are suspended.
ENCLOSED - Means that the moving parts of a machine are so guarded that physical contact by
any part of the human body is precluded or prevented. This does not however prohibit the use of
hinged, sliding or otherwise removable doors or sections to permit inspection, lubrication or
proper maintenance.
ESCALATOR - A power driven, inclined, continuous stairway for raising or lowering
passengers.
EVAPORATION - That part of the AC/Refrigeration system in which liquid refrigerant is
vaporized to produce refrigeration.
EXTERNAL INSPECTION - An inspection made on a boiler during operation.
GUARDED - Shielded, fenced or otherwise protected by means of suitable enclosure guards,
covers or standard railings, so as to preclude the possibility of accidental contact or dangerous
approach to persons or objects.
HOIST - An apparatus for raising or lowering a load by the application of a building force, but
does not include a car or platform. It may be based-mounted, hook suspension, monorail, overhead, simple drum type or trolley suspension.
HOISTWAY - A shaftway for the travel of one or more elevators or dumbwaiters.
INTERNAL INSPECTION - An inspection made when a boiler is shut down, with hand-holes,
manholes, or other openings opened or removed to permit inspection of the interior.
LIQUID RECEIVER - A vessel permanently connected to a system by inlet and outlet pipes for
storage of a liquid refrigerant.
LOCOMOTIVE BOILER - A boiler mounted on a self-propelled track locomotive used to
furnish motivating power for traveling on rails.
LOW PRESSURE HEATING BOILER - A boiler operated at pressures not exceeding 1.05
kg/sq.m. with steam or water temperature not exceeding 250°F.
MACHINE - The driven unit of an equipment.
MACHINE HOUSE - An enclosure for housing the hoisting mechanism and power plant.
MACHINE PARTS - Any or all moving parts of a machine.
MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT, MACHINERY OR PROCESS - Includes steam engines, internal
combustible engines, boilers, turbines, crushers, mills, mixers, pumps, compressors, cranes,
conveyors, hoists, elevators, escalators, dumb waiters, pipe lines, line-shaftings, air conditioning,
refrigeration, ventilation, pressure vessels and the like.
MECHANICAL WORKS, PLANT - Includes steam plants, internal combustion engine plants,
hydraulic power plants, pumping plants, refrigerating plants, air conditioning plants, mill shops,
factories, foundries shipyards, etc. containing any mechanical equipment, machinery or process,
driven by steam, internal or external combustion fuel, electricity, gas, air, water, heat, chemicals
or other prime movers.
MOVING WALK - A type of horizontal passenger-carrying device on which passengers stand or
walk, with its surface remaining parallel to its direction of motion and is uninterrupted.
POINT OF OPERATION - That part of a machine which performs an operation on the stock or
material and/or that place or location where stock or material is fed to the machine. A machine
may have more than one point of operation.
PORTABLE BOILER - An internally fired boiler which is self-contained, primarily intended for
temporary location.
POWER TRANSMISSION MACHINERY - A shaft, wheel, drum, pulley, system of fast and
loose pulleys, coupling, clutch, driving belt, V-belt sheaves and belts, chains and sprockets,
gearing, torque connectors, conveyors, hydraulic couplings, magnetic couplings, speed reducers
or increases or any device by which the motion of an engine is transmitted to or received by
another machine. PRIME MOVER - An engine or motor operated by steam, gas, air, electricity,
liquid or gaseous fuels, liquids in motion or other forms of energy whose main function is to
drive or operate, either directly or indirectly, other mechanical equipment.
PROCESS MACHINE - An equipment designed and operated for a specific purpose.
REFRIGERANT - A substance which produces a refrigerating effect by its absorption of heat
while expanding or evaporating.
TON OF REFRIGERATION - The useful refrigerating effect equal to 12,000 BTU/hour; 200
BTU/minute.
TRAVELING CABLE - A cable made up of electric conductors which provides electrical
connection between an elevator or dumbwaiter car and a fixed outlet in the hoistway.
UNFIRED PRESSURE VESSEL - A vessel in which pressure is obtained from an external
source or from in indirect application of heat.
VENTILATION - Process of supplying or removing air by natural or mechanical means to or
from any space.
2. Guarding of Moving and Dangerous Parts:
All prime movers, machines and machine parts, power transmission equipment shall be so
guarded, shielded, fenced or enclosed to protect any person against exposure to or accidental
contact with dangerous moving parts.
3. Cranes:
3.1
Access to the case or machine house shall be by means of a conveniently placed
stationary ladder, stairs or platforms requiring a step-over, that no gap exceeding 300
millimeters is allowed.
3.2
Adequate means shall be provided for cranes having revolving cabs or machine houses, to
permit the operator to enter or leave the crane cab and reach the ground safely,
irrespective of its position.
3.3
Cages, cabs or machine houses on cranes shall be enclosed to protect operator during
inclement weather.
3.4
A gong or other effective warning device shall be mounted on each care or cab.
3.5
Temporary crane operation without warning device may be allowed provided there is a
flagman whose sole duty is to warn those in the path of the crane or its load.
3.6
The maximum rated load of all cranes shall be plainly marked on each side of the crane.
If the crane has more than one hoisting unit, each hoist shall have marked on it or its load
block, its rated capacity clearly legible from the ground or floor.
4. Hoists:
4.1
Operating control shall be plainly marked to indicate the direction of travel.
4.2
Each cage controlled hoist shall be equipped with an effective warning device.
4.3
Each hoist designed to lift its load vertically shall have its rated load legibly marked on
the hoist or load block or at some easily visible space.
4.4
A stop, which shall operate automatically, shall be provided at each switch, dead end rail
or turntable to prevent the trolley running off when the switch is open.
4.5
Each electric moist motor shall be provided with an electrically or mechanically operated
brake so arranged that the brake will be applied automatically when the power is cut off
from the hoist.
5. Elevators:
5.1
Hoistways for elevators shall be substantially enclosed throughout their height, with no
openings allowed except for necessary doors, windows or skylights.
5.2
Ropes, wires or pipes shall not be installed in hoistways, except when necessary for the
operation of the elevators.
5.3
Hoistway pits shall be of such depth that when the car rests on the fully compressed
buffers, a clearance of not less than 600 millimeters remains between the underside of the
car and the bottom of the pit.
5.4
When four or more elevators serve all or the same portion of a building, they shall be
located in not less than two (2) hoistways and in no case shall more than four (4)
elevators be located in any one hoistway.
5.5
Where a machine room or penthouse is provided at the top of a hoistway, it shall be
constructed with sufficient room for repair and inspection. Access shall be by means of
an iron ladder or stairs when the room is more than 600 millimeters above the adjacent
floor or roof surface. The angle of inclination of such ladder or stairs shall not exceed
60° from the horizontal. This room shall not be used as living quarters or depository of
other materials and shall be provided with adequate ventilation.
5.6
Minimum number of hoisting ropes shall be three (3) for traction elevators and two (2)
for drum type elevators.
5.7
The minimum diameter of hoisting and counterweight ropes shall be 30 millimeters.
5.8
Elevators shall be provided with over-load relay and reverse polarity relay.
5.9
In high-rise apartments or residential condominiums of more than five (5) stories, at least
one passenger elevator shall be kept on 24-hour constant service.
6. Escalators
6.1
The angle of inclination of an escalator shall not exceed 35° from the horizontal.
6.2
The width between balustrades shall not be less than 558 millimeters nor more than 1.20
meters. This width shall not exceed the width of the steps by more than 330 millimeters.
6.3
Solid balustrades of incombustible material shall be provided on each side of the moving
steps. If made of glass, it shall be of tempered type glass.
6.4
Each balustrade shall be provided with a handrail moving in the same direction and at the
same speed as the steps.
6.5
The rated speed, measured along the angle of inclination, shall be not more than 38 mpm.
6.6
Starting switches shall be key operated and located within sight of escalator steps.
6.7
Emergency buttons shall be conspicuously and accessibly located at or near the top and
bottom landings but protected from accidental contact.
7. Boilers and Pressure Vessels:
7.1 Location of Boilers.
7.1.1
Boilers may be located inside buildings provided that the boiler room is reinforced
concrete or masonry and that the boiler room shall not be used for any other
purpose.
7.1.2
In case the main building is not made up of fire resistive materials, boilers shall be
located outside the building at a distance of not less than 3.00 meters from the
outside wall of the main building and the building housing the boiler shall be
made up of fire resistive materials.
7.1.3
No part of the boiler shall be closer than one meter from any wall.
7.1.4 Fire tube boilers shall be provided with sufficient room for removal/replacement
of tubes either thru the front or rear.
7.2
Smokestacks whether self-supporting or guyed, shall be of sufficient capacity to handle
duel gases, shall be able to withstand a wind load of 175 km per hour and shall rise at
least 5 meters above the eaves of any building within a radius of 50 meters.
7.3
Manufacturers/assemblers of boilers/pressure vessels/pressurized water heaters shall
stamp each vessel on the front head or on any other suitable location with the name of the
manufacturer, serial number, maximum allowable working pressure, heating surface in
sq. m. and year of manufacture.
7.4
Boilers of more than 46 sq. m. heating surface shall each be provided with two means of
feeding water, one steam driven and one electrically driven, one pump and one injector.
7.5
Two check valves shall be provided between any feed pumps and the boiler in addition to
the regular shut-off valve.
7.6
Where two or more boilers are connected in parallel, each steam outlet shall be provided
with a non-return valve and a shut-off valve.
7.7
Boiler rooms shall have at least two separate exits.
7.8
In no case shall the maximum pressure of an old/existing boiler be increased to a greater
pressure than would be allowed for a new boiler of same construction.
7.9
Each boiler shall have at least one safety valve. For boilers having more than 46 sq.
meters pressure of water heating surface or a generating capacity exceeding 907 kg. per
hour, two (2) or more safety valves shall be required.
7.10
Each boiler shall have a steam gauge, with a dial range of not less than 1-1/2 times and
not more than twice the maximum allowable working pressure. It may be connected to
the steam space or to the steam connection to the water column.
7.11
Whenever repairs/replacements are made on fittings or appliances, the work shall comply
with the section on New Installation of the Philippine Medical Engineering Code.
7.12
After a permit has been granted to install a boiler/pressure vessel/pressurized water heater
upon payment of the installation fees thereof, it shall be the duty of the Building Official
to make periodic inspection of the installation to determine compliance with the approved
plans and specifications.
7.13
Upon the completion of the installation, the Building Official shall conduct an inspection
and test, after which a certificate of operation for a period not exceeding one year shall be
issued upon payment of the required inspection fees.
7.14
The Building Official shall notify the owner in writing of the intended date of the annual
inspection at least 15 days in advance. However, the owner may request a postponement
in writing of said inspection and the Building Official shall fix a date for inspection
agreeable to both, but not to exceed 30 days from the intended date.
7.15
The owner or user of a boiler shall prepare the same for inspection by cooling it down,
blanking off all connections to adjacent boilers, removing all soot and ashes from tubes,
heads, shell, furnace and combustion chamber. the owner shall assist the Building
Official by providing all labor and equipment required during said inspection.
8. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning:
8.1
8.2
8.3
The temperature and humidity of the air to be used for comfortable cooling shall be
maintained at 68-74°F effective temperature at an air movement from 4.57 to 7.60 MPM
within the living zone.
Water from evaporators, condensers and other machinery shall be properly collected into
a suitable water or drainage system.
Ducts shall be constructed entirely of non-combustible materials such as steel, iron,
aluminum or other approved materials. Only fire retardant lining shall be used on the
inside of ducts.
8.4
Access doors shall be provided at all automatic dampers, fire dampers, thermostats and
other apparatus requiring service and inspection in the duct system.
8.5
Where ducts pass thru walls, floors or partitions, the space around the duct shall be sealed
with fire resistant material equivalent to that of the wall, floor or partition, to prevent the
passage of flame or smoke.
8.6
When the ducts or the outlets or inlets to them pass through fire walls, they shall be
provided with automatic fire dampers on both sides of the fire wall through which they
pass.
8.7
Fire doors and fire dampers shall be arranged to close automatically and remain tightly
closed, upon the operation of a fusible link or other approved heat actuated device,
located where readily affected by an abnormal rise of temperature in the duct.
8.8
Each refrigerating system shall be provided with a legible metal sign permanently
attached and easily accessible, indicating thereon the name of manufacturer or installer,
kind and total number of kgs. of refrigerant contained in the system and field test pressure
applied.
8.9
In refrigerating plants of more than 45 kg. refrigerant, masks and helmets shall be used.
These shall be kept in a suitable cabinet outside the machine room when not in use.
8.10
Not more than 136 kgs. of refrigerant in approved containers shall be stored in a machine
room at any given time.
8.11
Where ammonia is used, the discharge may be into a tank of water, which shall be used
for no other purpose except ammonia absorption. At least one gallon of water shall be
provided for every 0.4536 kg. of ammonia in the system.
8.12
Refrigerant piping crossing a passageway in any building shall not be less than 2.3 meters
above the floor.
8.13
In a refrigerating system containing more than 9 kgs., stop valves shall be installed in
inlets and outlets of compressors, outlets of liquid receivers, and in liquid and suction
branch header.
8.14
Window type Acs shall be provided with drain pipe or plastic tubing for discharging
condensate water into a suitable container.
8.15
Window type AC installed on ground floors of buildings shall not be less than 2.13
meters from the ground.
8.16
Wind type Acs shall be provided with exhaust ducts if the exhaust is discharged into
corridors/hallways/arcades/sidewalks etc.
8.17
Window type ACs installed along corridors/hallways above the first floor shall not be less
than 2.13 meters above the floor level.
9. Water Pumping for Buildings/Structures:
9.1
Installation of pumping equipment to supply buildings/structures from existing water
supply system shall only be allowed if there is always water in the mains.
9.2
To maintain water pressure in all floors of a building/structure, the following systems
may be used:
9.2.1
Overhead tank supply - may be installed above the roof supported by the
building/structure or on a separate tower.
9.2.1.1 Water tanks shall be provided with a vent and an overflow pipe leading to
a storm drain and shall be fully covered.
9.2.2
Pneumatic tank - an unfired pressure vessel, initially full of air, into which water
from mains is pumped.
9.2.2.1 A suitable pressure which shall stop the pump when pressure required is
attained.
9.2.2.2 Tanks shall be designed for twice the maximum total dynamic pressure
required.
9.2.2.3 An air volume control device shall be installed to maintain correct air
volume inside the tank.
10. Pipings:
10.1
Piping shall, as much as possible, run parallel to building walls.
10.2
Grouped piping shall be supported on racks, on either horizontal or vertical planes.
10.3
Piping on racks shall have sufficient space for pipe or chain wrenches so that any single
line can be altered/repaired/replaced without disturbing the rest.
10.4
Piping 100 millimeters in diameter and above shall be flanged. Smaller sized pipes may
be screwed.
10.5
Piping subjected to varying temperatures shall be provided with expansion joints.
10.6
Galvanized piping shall not be used for steam.
10.7
Piping carrying steam, hot water liquids shall not be embedded in concrete walls or floors
and shall be properly insulated to prevent accidental scalding to persons and to minimize
heat loss.
10.8
Color coding of piping shall be as follows:
10.8.1 Steam Division
-
High Pressure
Exhaust system
10.8.2 Water Division
-
-
-
Fresh water, low pressure -
Fresh water, high pressure
-
Salt water piping
-
-
Delivery
Discharge -
-
Blue
Green
-
Brass or Bronze
Yellow
-
10.8.5 Gas Division
-
All piping -
Black
10.8.6 Fuel Oil Division -
All piping -
Black
All piping -
10.8.7 Refrigerating Division-
Pipes
-
Black
-
Blue
-
10.8.4 Pneumatic Division
Fittings
White
Buff
-
10.8.3 Oil Division
NOTE:
-
-
Gray
Black
All cases not specifically covered by this Rule shall be in accordance with the Philippine
Mechanical Engineering Code.
RULE XI - ACCESS STREETS/ROADS AND ALLEYS
Pursuant to Section 704 of the National Building Code (P.D. 1096), no building shall be constructed
unless it adjoins or has direct access to a public space, yard or street on at least one of its sides. All
buildings shall face a public street, alley or a private road which has been duly approved by the proper
authorities.
Said access streets, alleys or roads shall have the following widths:
1.
Interior or rear lots shall have an access road with a minimum width depending upon the
number of buildings or units which it serves subject to approval of the local planning
authority, provided, however, that said access street or road shall not be less than three
meters (3.00M) in width.
2.
Multiple Living Units on Same lot on which apartments, rowhouses or accessorias or a
group of single-detached buildings are built shall be provided with an access road directly
connection said buildings or units to a public street or alley following the schedule below:
a) Up to six (6) units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.00 M. wide
b) Seven (7) up to fifteen (15) units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.00 M. wide
c) Sixteen (16) up to Twenty-five (25) units . . . . . . . . 3.00 M. wide
d) Twenty-six (26) up to thirty -five (35) units . . . . . . . 3.00 M. wide
e) More than thirty-five (35) units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.00 M. wide
Privately-owned access roads shall be duly registered and annotated in the lot title as such for as long
as the said apartments, rowhouses, etc., exist.
All kinds of subdivisions and residential condominiums shall comply with the rules and regulations
on access roads promulgated by the National Housing Authority (NHA).
RULE XII - CEMETERIES AND MEMORIAL PARKS
Pursuant to Sections 102 and 103 of the National Building Code (PD 1096), for the protection of
buyers or lessees of lots in cemeteries and memorial parks as well as the owners/operators of cemeteries
or memorial parks, the following rules shall govern the establishment of cemeteries and memorial parks.
1. Definitions - For purposes of this Rule, the following definitions shall apply:
CEMETERY - Public or private land used for the burial of the dead and other uses dedicated for
cemetery purposes, to include landscaped grounds, driveways, walks, columbarium, crematories,
mortuaries meausoleums, niches, graveyards and public comfort rooms.
MEMORIAL PARK - A privately-owned cemetery with well kept landscaped lawns and wide
roadways and footpaths separating the areas assigned for ground interments, tombs, mausoleums
and columbariums; with or without a mortuary chapel; and provided with systematic supervision
and maintenance.
CINERARIUM - A niche in a tomb or columbarium to accommodate an urn containing the ashes
of a cremated body.
CINERARY REMAINS - The ashes resulting from cremation of a dead body.
CENOTAPH - An empty tomb or monument erected to the dead.
COLUMBARIUM - A sepulchre with niches for cinerary remains.
GRAVEYARD - A cemetery or portion of a cemetery reserved for ground interments or burials.
HEADSTONE - The stone or marker at the head of a grave, usually in standing position.
LOT - A unit area in a cemetery sued either for ground interment or for the erection of a
mausoleum or tomb.
MARKER - A cross, stake, tablet, made of wood, stone or concrete to mark a grave.
MAUSOLEUM - A large stately tomb to accommodate one or more interments, usually with
provisions for an ossuary or a cinerarium.
MEMORIAL - A monument, marker, tablet, headstone, tombstone, private mausoleum or tomb
for family or individual use.
NICHE - Interment space for cinerary remains.
OSSUARY - The interment space for bones of the dead.
SEPULCHRE - A burial place solidly built of stone or concrete.
TABLET - A small flat slab of marble or similar material containing in inscription, usually laid
flat on the ground.
TOMB - An above ground sepulchre without roof or canopy.
TOMBSTONE - A stone with inscription marking a place of burial.
VAULT - the interment receptacle for coffins, of reinforced concrete, covered and sealed,
whether sunk into the ground or to rest on the ground.
2. Location of Cemeteries:
2.1
Cemeteries shall be located in accordance with the approved land use plan of the
city/municipality concerned. Prior clearance shall be obtained from the Ministry of
Health, the National Water Resources Council and the National Pollution Control
Commission.
2.2
As much as possible, cemeteries shall be situated at the peripheries of communities, away
from centers of population or municipal poblaciones, at least one (1) kilometers away
from main thoroughfares.
2.2.1
3.
Whenever possible, two or more municipalities sharing common boundaries
between them should have a common cemetery situated at a central site accessible
from any of the municipalities.
2.3
A buffer strip 25 meters wide inward from and along the property line of the cemetery
shall be provided and planted to trees. No burial is allowed within the buffer strip.
2.4
No cemetery shall be located less than 50 meters from any source of water supply, wells,
fresh water rivers, streams, creeks, lakes or lagoons. Neither shall wells be dug at any
point less than 50 meters from existing cemeteries.
2.5
Cemeteries shall be located only on ground where the water table is not higher than 4.25
meters below the ground surface. Where this is not possible, the cemetery shall be
situated not less than 300 meters downhill, and not less than 1000 meters uphill from any
surface well or source of potable water supply, neither shall they be located within the
watershed of a potable water supply system.
Layout and Landscaping:
3.1
The cemetery shall be totally enclosed by a perimeter fence of strong material, and all
gates provided with a strong door and lock. Perimeter walls shall not exceed 3.00 meters
in height. Where a cemetery is enclosed by a solid reinforced concrete wall at least 2
meters high, but not exceeding 3.00 meters, it is allowed to construct tombs, vaults,
mausoleums or other types of sepultures for the dead up to the walls. Otherwise a
clearance of 5 meters shall be maintained between the perimeter fence and the nearest
interment plot.
3.2
Where the cemetery lot abuts a busy thoroughfare, there shall be a setback of sufficient
distance to provide enough parking space to admit all funeral traffic for five (5)
simultaneous funerals without spillage to the thoroughfare.
3.3
Roads Inside Cemeteries:
3.3.1
For local cemeteries, there shall be a main road of 2 meters minimum width from
the main gate straight to the rear of the cemetery for pedestrian traffic. Cross
roads of 1 meter minimum width shall be laid out to divide the cemetery into
sections.
3.3.2
For memorial parks, roadways shall be at least 8 meters wide, laid out in such a
manner that the farthest interment site shall at least be within 60 meters walking
distance from any roadway as the shape of the park lot allows. However, in no
case shall the farthest interment site be more than 90 meters from any roadway.
Pathways not less than one meter wide shall be provided through park sections on
both sides of roadways, for the safety and convenience of pedestrians. In case of
park sections where the farthest interment lot is less than thirty (30) meters from
the nearest roadway, no pathway shall be required. There shall be a minimum
setback or easement of one meter from the edge of the roadway to the nearest lot
line.
3.4
The cemetery area shall be well graded with a view to provide efficient drainage for the
area.
3.5
Adequate space shall be provided for tree planting.
3.6
A chapel with a floor area of at least 50 sq.m. (5 m. x 10 m.) shall be constructed at a
convenient location within the cemetery where funeral ceremonies may be held and
incidentally serve as haven for funeral participants against sun and rain.
4. Interments, Burials and Entombments:
4.1
For ground interments, there shall be a minimum depth of excavation of 1.5 meters from
ground level to base of excavation. However, if concrete vaults are used, the minimum
depth of excavation from base of vault to ground level shall be 1.0 meters. Ground
interments shall be allowed only in designated graveyard areas of the cemetery and may
be provided with suitable markers, headstones or memorials.
4.2
Vaults for tombs and mausoleums for above-ground interments shall be of solid
reinforced concrete. Concrete hollow blocks or any unit masonry construction of
ceramics, adobe or the like shall not be allowed for the construction of above-ground
vaults; tombs or mausoleums. Mausoleums may be provided with ossuary along the
interior walls.
4.3
Multi-level interment niches shall only be of solid reinforced concrete construction, of not
less than 150 millimeters thickness in which case they may be allowed to abut walls of
the cemetery, provided the walls are of solid reinforced concrete construction. Concrete
hollow blocks, or any unit masonry construction of ceramics, adobe or the like shall not
be allowed.
4.4
Before construction is started on any mausoleum, canopy over a tomb. or multi-level
niches, a building permit shall be secured therefor from the Oofice of te Building Official.
4.5
Horizontal of columbaria shall be of reinforced concrete of at least 50 millimeters
thickness. Vertical divisions may be of concrete hollow blocks of at least 100 millimeters
thickness, in which case, cement mortar shall be applied evenly to present a non-porous
surface. Minimum dimensions of individual cineraria shall be 300 mm by 300 mm by
460 mm. Cinerary remains shall be placed inside tightly sealed urns.
RULE XIII - HANDLING AND STORAGE OF PHOTOGRAPHIC
AND X-RAY FILMS
In addition to the provisions of Section 1410 of the National Building Code (PD 1096) on the
handling and storage of photographic and X-ray films, the following rules and regulations shall govern:
1. Definitions: - For purposes of this Rule, the following definitions shall apply:
CELLULOSE ACETATE BASE - Safety photographic and X-ray film identified by the marking
on the edge of the film, which shows plainly before and after developing.
CELLULOSE NITRATE FILM - Film using cellulose nitrate (pyroxilim) as component chemical
in its processing.
CELLULOSE NITRATE OR PYSOXYLIN - A substance obtained by treating cellulose with
nitric acid used in making explosives, lacquers, etc.
PHOTOGRAPHIC FILM - Any film used in photography or motion picture.
X-RAY FILM - Film used in X-ray machines.
FILM LABORATORY - A room where processing of films and others related therewith are
performed.
FILM VAULT - A room specially designed for safekeeping and storage of films.
ICC - Any container approved by International Commerce Commission for shipping any liquid,
gaseous or solid material of a flammable, toxic or other hazardous nature.
FIRE ASSEMBLY - The assembly of a fire door, fire window or fire damper, including all
required hazardware, anchorage, frames and sills.
SELF-CLOSING FIRE ASSEMBLY - A fire assembly which may remain in an open position
and which will close automatically if subjected to either of the following conditions:
1. An increase in temperature
2. Products of combustion other than heat
SHUTTER - An assembly made of incombustible material installed on openings except on exit
doors and exhaust ducts for the prevention of spread of fire.
2. Film Laboratory
2.1 Construction
2.2
2.1.1
Areas in which photographic processes performed shall be completely enclosed.
The walls shall be not less than 100 millimeters thick load bearing concrete
hollow blocks or equivalent. Ceiling shall be of 60 millimeter asbestos board
hung on or supported by metal frames.
2.1.2
The floor shall be of reinforced concrete of not less than 211 kg./sq.cm. rendered
smooth and should be not less than 50 millimeters below the level of the main
floor.
Doorways
Every film laboratory shll have at least two (2) doorways set apart by not less than
one-third (1/3) the perimeter of the room. In case the maximum travel distance is
seven (7.00) meters or less, one door will suffice. Each doorway shall be not less
than six hundred (600) millimeters wide and two (2.00) meters high and equipped
with a self-closing fire door assembly constructed of 44.5 millimeter solid wooden
panel lines on the inside with 6.35 millimeter thick asbestos board or its
equivalent. Such doors shall not be equipped with any latch and shall open
outward leading to proper exits.
2.3 Shutters
Every opening in laboratory walls, every fresh air inlet, excluding exit doors and
exhaust ducts, shall be provided with a self-closing fire shutter of not less than 2.4
millimeter thick metal sheet or its equivalent. Shutters shall overlap at least 25
millimeter on all sides of openings and shall be arranged to slide without binding in
guides constructed of material equal to the shutter in stength and fire-resistance. Shutters
may be omitted when only acetate safety film is used.
2.4 Ventilation
2.4.1
Film laboratories shall be well ventilated by either natural or mechanical means.
2.4.2
Ventilation systems shall be controlled from within and shall have pilot lightsd to
indicate operation. The ventilation system serving the processing room may be
extended to cover rooms associated therewith. Ducts shall be constructed entirely
of non-combustible materials such as steel, iron, aluminum or other approved
materials. Only fire retardant lining shall be used on the inside of ducts.
3. Film Vaults
3.1
Vaults shall be constructed with walls, floors and roofs of 211 kg/sq. meters reinforced
concrete not less than 150 millimeters thick.
3.2
Vaults shall be properly ventilated either by natural or mechanical means. If mechanicaly
ventilated, the system shall be controlled from within.
3.3
Vaults shall be provided with doors made up of 3.2 millimeter thick steel sheets with 50
millimeter asbestos fiber insulation in between. Such doors shall easily be opened from
inside.
3.4
Vaults holding over 34 kilograms of film shall be provided with automatic fire
extinguishing system.
4. Film Cabinets
4.1
All film cabinets shall be constructed of metal either welded or bolted. No solder shall be
used. All shelves and fixtures shall be of incombustible materials.
4.2
Films stored in cabinets shall be placed in individual roll containers or ICC containers.
However, if stored in cabinets with individual insulated compartments, they need not be
placed inside individual containers.
RULE XIV - OCCUPANT LOADS
Pursuant to Section 1207 of the National Building Code, (PD 1096), the following rules and
regulations shall govern the determination of occupant loads. For purposes of this Rule, the term
Occupant Load shall mean the total number of persons that may occupy a building or a portion thereof at
any one time.
1.
Determination of Occupant Load - The occupant load in any building or portion thereof for the
purpsoe or resolving the required number of exits shall be determined by dividing the floor area
assigned to that use by the unit area per occupant set forth in Table A.
1.1
When the unit area per occupant for any particular occupancy is not provided for in the
Table, the Building Official shall determine the same based on the unit area for the
occupancy which it most nearly resembles.
1.2
The occupant load of any area having fixed seats shall be determined by the number of
fixed seats installed. Aisles serving the fixed seats in said area shall not be included in
determining the occupant load.
1.3
The occupant load permitted in a building or portion thereof may be increased above that
specified in the Table if the necessary exits are provided.
1.4
In determining the occupant load, all portions of a building shall be pressumed to be
occupied at the same time.
1.4.1
Exception - Accessory use areas which ordinarily are used only by persons who
occupy the main areas of an occupancy shall be provided with exits as though they
were completely occupied. However, in computing the maximum allowable
occupant load for the floor/building, the occupant load of the accessory area/s
shall be disregarded.
Table A: General Requirements for Occupant Loads and Exits*
UNIT AREA
Minimum of two Exits
PER
other than elevators are
USE OR OCCUPANCY
OCCUPANT
required where number
(Sq.M.)
of occupants is over
A. Dwellings
28
B. Hotels
Apartments
18.6
18.6
10
10
10
Dormitories
C. Classrooms
Conference Rooms
Exhibit Rooms
Gymnasia
School Shops
Vocational Institutions
Laboratories
18.6
10
1.8
50
1.4
50
1.4
50
1.4
50
4.6
50
4.6
50
4.6
50
UNIT AREA
Minimum of two Exits
PER
other than elevators are
USE OR OCCUPANCY
OCCUPANT
required where number
(Sq.M.)
of occupants is over
D. Hospitals **, Sanitaria**
Nursing Homes**
Children's Homes**
Homes for the Aged**
Nurseries for Children
8.4
5
7.4
5
7.4
7.4
3.25
5
5
6
E. Stores - Retail Sales Rooms
Basement
2.8
50
Ground Floor
2.8
50
Upper Floors
5.6
10
Offices
9.3
30
Aircrafts hangars (no repair)
46.5
10
Parking Garages
18.6
30
Dining Establishments
1.4
30
Kitchens (Commercial)
18.6
50
F. Warehouses
Mechanical Equipment Rooms
G. Garages
H. Auditoriums
Theaters
Churches & chapels
Dance Floors
Reviewing Stands
Stadia
NOTE:
28
30
28
9.3
30
10
.65
50
.65
50
.65
50
.65
.65
.65
50
50
50
* In all occupancies, floors above the first story having an occupant load of more than ten (10) shall
not have less than two (2) exits.
** Institutional Sleeping Departments shall be based on one occupant per eleven (11) sq. meters of the
gross floor area; In-patient Institutional Treatment Departments shall be based on one occupant per
twenty-two (22) square meters of gross floor area.
RULE XV - PROTECTION AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR CONSTRUCTION AND
DEMOLITION
Pursuant to Sections 1101 to 1108 of the National Building Code (PD 1096), the following rules and
regulations shall provide minimum standards of safety and protection for construction and/or demolition
of buildings/structures. The provisions of this Rule shall apply to all work in connection with the
construction, alteration, repair, renovation, removal and demolition of building/structures.
1. General
1.1
The construction, erection, alteration and removal of scaffolds and the application,
installation and setting up of safeguards and equipment devices shall be done by skilled
workmen under the supervision of a person qualified by experience or training for such
work.
1.2
A safeguard, device or piece of equipment which is unsafe shall be reported to the
superintendent or foreman, who shall take immediate steps to remedy such condition or
remove such safeguard, device or equipment.
1.3
Scaffolds, laddrs, stairs, fuel gas tanks and other devices or equipment falling within the
scope of this Rule shall be maintained in a good, safe and usable condition as long as in
use.
1.4
No scaffolds, ladders, railings or other devices or equipment or any part thereof required
by this Rule shall be removed, altered or weakened when required by the work unless so
ordered by the superintendent or foreman in charge.
1.5
Scaffolds, temporary floors, ramps, stairway landings, stair treads, and all other walkway
surface shall be kept free form protruding nails and splinters. They shall be kept free
from unnecessary obstructions so that the workers may move about safely.
1.6
Protruding nails and tie wire ends shall be removed, hammered in or bent in a safe
condition.
1.7
Electric lines, moving ropes and cable gears, or similar hazards with which a worker
might come in contract shall be encased or protected.
1.8
No person, firm or corporation, either personallly or through an employee or agent of
another, shall operate or move any machinery, equipment, material, scaffolds, or
materials in process of assembly closer than 5.00 meters to any energized high voltage
overhead electrical facilities except with the approval of the electric inspector.
1.9
All workmen on any demolition job shall be furnished with and be required to wear
industrial safety helmets.
1.10
Construction sheds and tool boxes shall be so located as to protect workers from
dangerous falling walls and other falling objects.
1.11
The Building Official may permit the use of alternative methods and/or devices
depending on local conditions provided that the minimum standard of safety sought to be
achieved under this Rule is not jeopardized.
2. Protective Methods/Devices shall be provided in accordance with the conditions hereunder:
2.1 Table l
Height of Construction
Distance from Construction
Less than 1.80 meters
Railing
2.40 meters or less
1.80 meters or more
Less than 1.80 meters
Protection Required
None
Fence and Canopy
1.80 meters or more but not more than Fence and Canopy
More than 2.40 meters one-fourth the height of construction
1.80 meters or more, but between
one-fourth to one-half the
height of construction
1.80 meters or more but exceeding
one-half the construction height
Fence
None
2.2 Fence
2.2.1
When the horizontal distance between the outermost face of the building and the
inner edge of the sidewalk is more than one-half the height of the building, only a
fence shall be required. (See Fig. 1).
2.2.2
Fences shall entirely enclose the construction/demolition site.
2.2.3
Fences shall be built solid for its full length except for such openings as may be
necessary for proper execution of the work. Such opernings shall be provided
with doors which shall be kept closed at all times except when in actual use.
2.2.4
Fences shall be erected on the building side of sidewalks or walkways and shall be
made of approved materials (e.g. G.I. sheet, wooden boards and/or planks,
plywood or "Lawanit", sawali) not less than 2.40 meters in height above the curb
line.
2.3
Canopy
2.3.1
When the horizontal distance between the outermost face of the building and the
inner edge of the sidewalk is equal to or less than one-half the height of the
building, a canopy shall be required in addition to a fence. (see Fig. 2)
2.3.2
The protective canopy shall have a clear unobstructed height of 2.40 meters above
the wallway and shall be made of sufficient strength and stability to sustain safely
the weight of materials that may be placed thereon, and to withstand shocks
incident to the handling of such materials or their preparation for use, and
accidental jars from trucks passing or delivering materials.
2.3.3
When the canopy is used for the storage of materials or for the performance of
work of any kind, substantial railings not less than 1.00 meter high and solid toe
boards not less than 300 millimeters high shall be placed along the street side and
ends of the canopy. The canopy shall be capable of safely sustaining a load of 800
kg. per sq. m. or the intended load to be placed thereon, whichever is bigger.
2.3.4
The deck flooring of a canopy shall consist of planking not less than 50
millimeters in thickness, closely laid. All members of the canopy shall be
adequately braced and connected to resist displacement of members or distortion
of the framework.
2.3.5
Canopies shall be constructed solid for its entire length except for such openings
as may be necessary for loading purposes. Such openings shall be kept closed at
al times except during actual loading operation.
2.3.6
Unless the tope deck of the canopy is built solidly against the face of the
building/structure to be constructed/demolished, the vertical face of the canopy
supports next to the building shall be solidly fenced throughout in accordance
with Section 2.2 of this Rule, except for such openings as may be necessary for
the execution of work. Such openings as may be necessary for the execution of
work. Such openings shall be provided with sliding or swinging gates which shall
be kept closed at all times except when in actual use. (See Figs. 4, 5a, 5b & 6).
2.3.7
The street side of the canopy shall be kept open for a height of not less than 2.40
meters above the curb. The underside of the canopy shall be properly lighted at
night with not less than one 100-watt bulb every 6.00 meters of its length and at
each change of grade or elevation of the sidewalk surface.
2.3.8
Where a wall of the building abuts or fronts a street, fans or catch platforms shall
be erected along that wall at the level of the first floor of the building above the
street level. Fans or catch platforms shall be erected at the level of other floors of
the building as may be necessary to prevent nuisance form dust or danger from
falling debris or materials.
2.4 Protective Nets/Screens
2.4.1
When the horizontal distance between the outermost face of the building and the
outer edge of the sidewalk is less than one-half the height of the building, a
protective net extending from the uppermost part of the construction/domolition
to ground level shall be required in addition to a fence and canopy. (See Fig. 3)
2.4.2
Wherever required, protective netting/covering shall be of approved and
substantially strong material such as G.I. wire gauge 16,38 millimeters mesh
nylon net, canvas.
2.4.3
Where a wall of the building abuts or fronts a street, dust screens shall be erected
to cover the entire wall so as to prevent nuisance from dust.
2.5 Walkways and Railings
2.5.1 Where the sidewalk is permitted by the Building Official to be fully occupied and
fenced-off or enclosed, a temporary walkway adjacent to the curb line shall be
required. Where the street has no sidewalk, a temporary walkway adjacent to the
street line not more than 1.20 meters wide shall be provided. Where the road
right-of-way is 5.00 meters or less, no temporary walkway shall be allowed.
2.5.2 The width of the walkway shall be not less than 1.20 meters but not more than
one-third (1/3) the width of the sidewalk.Where only partial occupancy and
fencing-off of the sidewalk is necessary, a temporary walkway will not be
required provided that a width of at least 1.20 meters of the widewalk is left open
for the use of pedestrians.
2.5.3 Walkways shall be capable of supporting a uniform live load of 650 kg. per sq.m.
A durable wearing surface shall be provided and maintained along the entire
length of the walkway throughout the duration of the construction/demolition
period.
2.5.4 Where the walkway occupies part of the roadway protective railings on the street
side shall be required.
2.5.5 Where the walkway is adjacent to an excavation, protective railings on the
excavation side shall be required.
2.5.6 Railings, where required, shall be built substantially strong and sturdy and shall be
not less than 1.00 meter in height.
2.6 Warning Signs and Lights
2.6.1 At every construction/demolition site warning signs shall be conspicuously posted
around the property. Warning signs shall be adequately illuminated at night for
the protection of unwary pedestrians.
2.6.2
2.6.3
2.6.4
All entrances/exits to and from the construction/demolition site shall be kept
closed at all times except during actual passage of men, materials or equipment.
Red warning lights shall be installed at all entrances/exits which shall be kept
lighted at night and during periods of unusual darkness.
all warning signs and lights shall be properly maintained even when operations are
not in progress.
All areas of danger in demolition operations shall be properly enclosed and danger
signs posted. Watchman shall be provided to warn workers or impending dangers
and all unauthorized persons shall be excluded from places whre demolition is in
progress.
3. Precautionary Measures
3.1 Excavations and Trenches
3.1.1
Before undertaking excavation work, drilling or otherwise disturbing the ground,
the person doing the work, or causing such work to be done, shall contact al
public utilities to determine the possible location of underground facilities, to
avoid hazard to public safety, health and welfare caused by the inadvent
disruption of such facilities.
3.1.2
The sides of every excavation in connection with construction operations,
including trenches for pipes or any other purpose, shall be sheet-piled, braced or
shored when necessary to prevent the soil from caving in on persons engaged in
work within the excavation.
3.1.3
Every trench, 1.50 meters or more in depth, shall be provided with suitable means
of exit or escape at least every 7.50 meters of its length.
3.1.4
Where workers are employed adjacent to an excavation on work other than that
directly connected with excavation, substantial railings or fences shall be provided
to prevent such workers from falling into the excavation.
3.2 Excavation and Fills
3.2.1
Excavation or fills for buildings or structures shall be so constructed or protected
that they do not endanger life or property.
3.2.2
Cut slopes for permanent excavation shall not be steeper than 2 horizontal to 1
vertical and slopes for permanent fills shall not be steeper than 2 horizontal to 1
vertical unless substantiating data justifying steeper slopes are submitted.
Deviation from the foregoing limitations for slopes shall be permitted only upon
the presentation of a soil investigation report acceptable to the Building Official.
3.2.3
No fill or other surcharge loads shall be placed adjacent to any building or
structure unless such building or structive is capable of withstanding the
additional loads caused by the fill or surcharge.
3.2.4
Existing footings or foundations which may be affected by any excavation shall be
underpinned adequately, or otherwise protected against settlement, and shall be
protected against lateral movement.
3.2.5
Fills to be used to support the foundations of any building or structure shall be
placed in accordance with accepted engineering practice. A soil investigation
report and a report of satisfactory placement of fill, both acceptable to the
Building Official shall be submitted.
3.2.6
Any person making or causing an excavation below grade immediately adjoining
another property shall protect the excavation so that the soil of adjoining property
will not cave-in or settle. Before commencing the excavation, the person making
or causing the excavation to be made shall notify in writing the owners of
adjoining buildings not less than 10 days before such excavation is to be made.
3.3 Storage of Materials
3.3.1
Materials to be stored at or near construction sites shall be piled or stacked in an
orderly manner to avoid toppling over or being otherwise displaced. No materials
shall be piled or stacked higher than 1.80 meters, except in yards or sheds
intended especially for storage. When piles exceed 1.20 meters in height, the
material shall be so arranged that the sides and ends of the piles taper back.
3.3.2
The placing of construction materials in a building/structure during construction
operations shall be done with the consideration of the effect of such loads on the
structural members and such loads shall, in general, be placed as near as possible
to the points of support of the structural members. Such loading shall not cause
stresses in any structural member beyond the design stresses.
3.3.3
Waste materials or rubbish resulting from construction operations shall be
removed as rapidly as possible ad shall not be allowed to accumulate on the
premises or adjacent thereto.
3.3.4
Storage of combustible materials shall not be allowed in any part of a building
under construction until fireproofing of that part of the building has been installed.
Storage of combustible materials shall not be permitted under or near welding
operations.
3.3.5
In every building reinforced concrete construction, forms of combustible materials
shall be stripped from the concrete and removed from the building as soon as
practicable. No part of the building shall be used for the storage of combustible
materials until such forms have been removed in that part of the building.
3.3.6
Storage of materials on stairs or in stairways or adjacent to stair openings shall not
be permitted.
3.3.7
Open fires for the purpose of disposing of waste materials, the heating of roofing
or other materials or for any other purposewhatsoever shall not be allowed except
with the permission of the Chief of the Local Fire Service.
In Fire Zones of Types I, II and III construction, only heaters with enclosed flames
shall be used for the heating of any roofing or other similar materials.
Wherever any enclosed flame heaters or open fires are used, there shall be a
workman in constant attendance, whose duty shall be to have such heater or fire
under proper control at all times.
3.4
Fire Protection
3.4.1
In all buildings in which standpipers are required, such standpipes shall be
installed as the construction progresses in such a manner that they are always
ready for Fire Department used, to the topmost constructed floor. Such standpipes
shall be provided with a Fire Department connection on the outside of the
building at the street level and with one (1) outlet at each floor.
3.4.2
In every construction operation, whatever a tool house, storeroom or other shanty
is built or a room or space is used for storage, dressing room or workshop, at least
one (1) approved handpump, tank or portable chemical or dry powder fir
extinguisher shall be provided and maintained in an acessible location.
3.4.3
3.5
During construction operations, free access from the street to fire hydrants and to
outside connections for standpipes, sprinkles or other fire extinguishing
equipment, whether permanent or temporary shall be provided and maintained at
all times. No material or construction equipment shall be placed within 3.00
meters of such hydrant or connection, nor between it and the center line of the
street.
Sanitation and first Aid
3.5.1
Adequate toilet facilities, maintained in a clean, sanitary condition, shall be
provided at the construction/demolition site for the use of the workers.
3.5.2
An adequate supply of pure, cool drinking water shall be provided for workers
during hours of work, and adequate sanitary washing facilities shall be provided
for workers within reasonable access.
3.5.3
At every construction/demolition operation, arrangements shall be made for
prompt medical attention in case of accident. An ample supply of first aid
medicine (e.g. iodine, mercurochrome, absorbent cotton, aseptic gauze bandages)
shall be provided and maintained in a clean sanitary cabinet, which shall be
available at all times under the direction of the superintendent or a person
designed by him.
Unless competent medical attention is quickly available, where more than 200
workers are employed, a properly equipped first-aid room shall be provided, and a
physician or competent nurse shall be in constant attendance.
3.6
Temporary Light and Power
3.6.1 All parts of buildings/structures under construction/demolition, and all sheds,
scaffolds, canopied walkways, work or storage areas, and equipment used in
connection with such operations shall have sufficient light to insure safety and
protection of life and property.
In passageways, stairways and corridors the average light intensity measured at
floor level shall be not less than 2 foot candles.
3.6.2 At locations where tools and/or machinery are used, the average light intensity
measured at floor level shall be not less than 5 candles.
Natural or artificial illumination shall be provided in such a manner that glare and
shadows will not adversely affect the safety and protection of workers and
property.
3.6.3 Temporary wiring for light, heat and/or power shall be adequately protected
against mechanical or over-current failures. All conductive materials enclosing
fixed or portable electric equipment, or forming a part of such equipment, shall be
properly grounded.
3.6.4
3.7
Temporary electric service poles shall be self-supporting or adequately braced or
guyed at all times.
Welding and Cutting
3.7.1
Gas welding and cutting and arc welding in construction/demolition operations
shall be restricted to experienced workers aceeptable to the NYMC. Suitable
goggles or helmets and gloves shall be provided for and worn by workers engaged
in gas welding or cutting or arc welding. Incombustible shields shall be provided
to protect the worker when exposed to falling hot metal oxide.
3.7.2
Gas welding or cutting and arc welding shall not be done above other workers.
When unavoidable, an incombustible shield shall be provided betweent he work
and the workers below. A watchman shall be stationed to give warning at places
where workers, in the course of their activity, are likely to pass under a gas
welding or cutting or an arc welding operation.
3.7.3
Gas welding or cutting shall not be carried out in any place where ample
ventilation is not provided, or from which quick escape is difficult. When
unavoidable, workers engaged in such work in confined spaces shall be allowed
frequent access to fresh air. A relief worker shall be stationed close at hand to
assist the worker in case of accident and to shut off the gases.
3.7.4
Tanks of fuel gas shall not be moved or allowed to stand for any extended period
when not in use unless the caps of such tanks are in place.
Suitable cradles shall be used for lifting or lowering oxygen or fuel tanks, tor
educe to a minimum the possibility of dropping tanks. Ordinary rope slings shall
not be used.
3.7.5
Tanks supplying gases for welding or cutting shall be located at no greater
distance from the work than is necessary for safety.
Such tanks shall be securely fastened in place and in an upright position.
They shall be stored or set in place for use so that they are not exposed to the
direct rays of the sun or to high temperature.
3.8
3.7.6
Before steel beams or other structural shapes or elements of construction are cut
by means of a gas flame they shall be secured by cables or chains to prevent
dropping or swinging.
3.7.7
Where, in the course of demolition work, steel work or ironwork is being cut,
released or dismantled, all necessary precaution shall be taken to prevent danger
from sudden twist, spring or collapse.
Special Typhoon Precautions
3.8.1
Whenever a typhoon is expected to pass at or near the construction site, all
construction materials or equipment shall be secured against displacement by
wind forces. Construction shets, construction materials and equipment shall be
secured by guying, shoring, or by tying down.
3.8.2
Where a full complement of personnel is employed or engaged for such protection
purposes, normal construction activity or uses of materials or equipment may
continue, allowing such reasonable time as may be necessary to secure such
materials or equipment before winds of gale force are anticipated, in accordance
with warnings or advisories issued by the PAGASA.
4. Equipment, Temporary Structures and Devices
4.1 Hoisting Machinery
4.1.1
In addition to the requirements of Sec. 4 of Rule X, every hoisting engine shall be
provided with adequate brakes capable of holding the maximum load at any point
of travel.
4.1.2
Hoisting machinery shall be enclosed to exclude unauthorized persons. If placed
outside the building, further protection against falling objects shall be provided.
Guards shall be provided for exposed gears and other moving parts and around
hoisting cables at all points to prevent workers from tripping or getting their
clothing caught.
4.2
4.3
4.1.3
Ample room shall be provided around hoisting engines, motors or other
machinery or apparatus to allow the free and safe movement of the operators.
4.1.4
When hoisting machinery is set on an elevated platform, such platform shall be of
substantial and sturdy construction. Guard rails and toe boards shall be provided
along all open sides of such platforms.
4.1.5
Electrical machinery and equipment to be used for construction work shall be
installed and operated in accordance with the Philippine Electrical Code.
4.1.6
Steam boilers used in construction work shall be installed, equipped and
maintained in accordance with the Philippine Mechanical Engineering Code.
4.1.7
A tag line or guide rope shall be used on all loads being hoisted or lowered.
Platform Hoist.
4.2.1
Platform hoist for the handling of materials in buildings under construction shall
have the car substantially constructed and provided with covers, either solid or
wire mesh.
Sections of the cover may be arranged to swing upward for the handling of bulky
materials. If suitable overhead protection is provided the covers may be omitted.
4.2.2
Hoists shall be equipped with a broken-rope safety device.
4.2.3
Where whellbarrows or buggies are used for handling material on platform hoists,
cleats shall be nailed to the platform to fix the proper position so that handles
shall not project beyond platform edges.
4.2.4
Supports for the overhead sheave of the hoist shall be designed to carry two times
the weight of the hoist and its maximum load.
Hoist Towers
4.3.1
Hoist towers erected in connection with construction work shall be substantially
constructed. All members shall be so proportioned that the stresses shall not
exceed those specified for the materials when carrying the dead load of the tower
plus two times the weight of the platform or bucket or its maximum load.
4.3.2
Every hoist tower shall rest on a sufficiently solid foundation to preven injurious
settlement or distortion of its framework.
4.3.3
The base of every hoist tower shall be screened or otherwise protected on all sides
to a height of not less than 1.80 meters.
4.3.4
Every hoist tower shall be secured in not less than four directions against swaying
or tipping, at intervals of not more than 9.75 meters in its height, be steel cable
guys adequately achored or by other satisfactory means.
Such towers which are constructed adjacent to buildings shall be secured to the
building frame at each floor as the construction progresses.
4.4
4.3.5
Hoist towers erected within the building, but not occuplying the entire opening
through which they pass, shall be completely enclosed on all sides and shall be
provided with doors at the unloading points unless the platform hoist is solidly
enclosed on all sides to the height to which material is to be loaded or unloaded.
4.3.6
Landing platforms in hoist towers or platform connecting hoist tower to a
building or other structure shall be provided with guard rails and toe boards.
Derricks and Cranes
4.4.1
Derricks shall be so designed and assembled that no part shall be stressed byond
the safe working stress for the material under its maximum rated load in any
possible position. Such maximum load shall be conspicuously posted on each
derrick.
4.4.2
The foot-block of every derrick shall be firmly secured against motion in any
direction.
4.4.3 Guy derricks shall have the top of the mast held by not less than six (6) steel guy
cables secured by firm anchorages and so placed that the angle of the guy with the
mast shall be as large as possible.
4.5
4.4..4
The moving parts of derrick and cranes shall be kept well lubricated. All parts
shall be inspected at least every other day.
4.4.5
Use and operation of cranes shall be in accordance with Section 3 of Rule X.
4.4.6
In the operation of cranes, and similar devices a standard signal system shall be
used and all ment assigned to the operation of such equipment shall be fully
instructed on the signals.
Cables, Ropes, Chains and Blocks
4.5.1
All ropes and cables used in connection with scaffolds, derricks and hoisting
apparatus shall be tested before being put to use and at least once every 30 days
while in use, to insure their safety and suitability for the purpose. Any rofpe or
cable found to be unsafe or unfit shall not be used.
4.5.2
Cables, ropes, chains and blocks shall be of such size that the maximum load
supported by them will not exceed one sixth (1/6) of their breaking strength.
Blocks designed for use with abaca ropes shall not be used for steel cables.
Blocks used at or near floors or in other exposed places to change the direction of
cables shall be enclosed or otherwise effectively guarded.
4.6
4.5.3
Chains shall not be used for slings, bridles or other similar purposes, but shall be
restricted to only such purposes as require a straight pull.
4.5.4
Hooks shall not be used for hoisting buckets, cages or skips.
Ladders and Temporary Stairway
4.6.1
Except where either permanent or temporary stairways or runways are required,
ladders shall be provided to give access to all floor, stagings or platforms where
work is being done more than five storeys above ground or above a permanent or
temporary floor.
Ladders required by this Rule shall be of substantial construction. They shall be
left in place until the permanent stairways are ready for use or until temporary
stairways are installed. Stairways shall be erected as soon as the building exceeds
18.00 meters in height.
4.6.2
Ladders, other than sectional or extension ladders, shall not be extended by
joining two or more together. No single ladder shall exceed 6.00 meters in length.
When greater heights are to be reached, intermediate platforms shall be erected.
Ladder landings shall be at least 1.20 meters square and equipped with handrails
and toe boards.
Ladder rungs shall be spaced uniformly and as near to 300 mm. as is practicable.
4.6.3
Ladders leading to floors, stagings or platforms shall extend at least 900 mm.
above the level of such floors, stagings or platforms. 4.6.4 When
used
temporarily in place of stairways or runways, ladders serving traffic in both
directions simulatneously shall be at least 1.00 meter wide. If separate ladders are
provided for going up and coming down, they shall be marked "UP" and
"DOWN" respectively at each floor and platform leve.
4.6.5
All ladders, when in sue, shall be set up in a manner to be secured and to prevent
slipping.
Ladders, except stepladders or other self-supporting ladders, shall be securely
fastened to a permanent support at the top, and if necessary, at the bottom, and
braced to prevent swaying, bending or shaking.
4.6.6
Ladders shall not be placed or used in shafts of operative elevators or hoists
except by workers engaged in the erection, construction, alteration or repair of any
such shafts, hoistways or equipment.
4.6.7
Ladders shall not be painted, but may be oiled or treated with preservatives so as
to permit the detection of faults.
Every ladder shall be inspected by the superintendent or foreman in charge before
being put to use on a construction operation and thereafter at least once very 30
days while in continued use. Broken or weak ladders, or ladders with weak or
missing rungs, shall not be used or permitted to remain on the construction site;
but shall be repaired and makde safe or destroyed.
4.6.8
Permanent stairways shall be installed in all buildings under construction as soon
as conditions will permit.
When the work on a building has progressed to a height in excess of 18.00 meters
and it has not been practicable to install the permanent stairways, at least one
temporary stairway shall be provided for the full height and continued upward as
rapidly as the work progresses.
4.6.9
Stairs and stairways shall be of sufficient strength to support a load of at lest 490
kg./square meter. All stairways shall be guarded on all open sides with hand rails
and toe boards.
4.6.10 Temporary stairs shall be constructed so that rreads and risers are uniform in
width and heigth in any one flight.
The sum of the height of the two risers and the width of one tread shall be not less
than 160 millimeters nor more than660 millimeters.
Temporary stairways shall be not less than 915 millimeters wide.
Landings shall be not less than 762 millimeters long. No flight of stairs of a
temporary stairways shall have a vertical rise in excess of 3.60 meters. Whenever
necessary intermediate landings shall be provided.
4.6.11 Temporary and permanent stairways shall be adequately lighted, as set forth in
Section 3.5 of this Rule.
4.6.12 Permanent stairs that are to be used during construction and on which treads are to
be filled in later shall have wooden treads firmly fitted in lace for the full area of
the tread.
The top surfaces of the temporary trads shall be maintained above the tops of the
risers or nosings.
4.6.13 No door shall open directly onto a flight of stairs, but a landing equal to at least
the width of the door shall be provided between the door and the stairs.
Temporary doors higher than 1.35 meters shall be fitted with wire glass panels.
4.7
4.8
Runways and Ramps
4.7.1
Runways and ramps used in connection with scaffolds or extending from story to
story or otherwise located and maintained for an extended period of time or for
the transfer of bulky material shall be constructed of at least three 250 millimeter
planks laid closely side by side and substantially supported and braced to preven
unequal deflection and springing action.
4.7.2
Runways and ramps shall have a slope not steeper than one in three. The roral
rise of a runway or ramp between landings shall not exceed 3.60 meters.
4.7.3
When the rise is steeper than on in six, or when the rise is more than 1.8 meters
and steeper than on in eight, runways or ramps shall be provided with cleats
spaced not more than 200 millimeters apart.
4.7.4
Runways and ramps having a total rise of more than 1.80 meters, or passing over
or near floor openings, high tension wires or other dangerous places, shall be
provided with guard rails and toe boards.
Scaffolds
4.8.1
Properly constructed scaffolds shall be provided for all work which cannot be
done safely by workmen standing on permanent or solid construction, except
when such work can be done safely from ladders. All such scaffolds shall be
substantially constructed to support at least four times the maximum load, and
shall be secured to prevent swaying.
4.8.2
Planks used in the construction of stationary scaffolds shall be not less than 50
mm. nominal thickness. Where such planks overlap at the ends, the overlap shall
be not less than 150 mm. Planks shall be so placed that they cannot tip under the
weight of the worker at any point. Nails used in the construction of scaffolds shall
be of ample size and length to carry the loads they are intended to support. All
nails shall be driven full strength. No nails shall be subject to direct pull.
4.8.3
Ropes, cables and blocks used in the support of swinging scaffolds shall be of
sufficient size and strength to sustain at least six times the maximum loads to
which they will be subjected. Where acids are likely to come into contact with
them, ropes shall not be used in support of scaffolds, but steel cables properly
protected by grease or oil or other effectivey methods shall be used instead.
4.8.4
Every scaffold, the platform level of which is more than 1.80 meters above the
ground, or above a permanent or temporary floor, other than iron workers'
scaffolds and carpenters' bracket scaffolds, shall be provided with guard rails and
two boards extending the full length of the scaffold and along the ends except
where ramps or runways connect with them, unless otherwise enclosed or
guarded. On suspended, swinging and pole scaffolds, the space between guard
rails and two boards shall be fitted with wire mesh screens securely attached.
4.8.5
Where objects are likely to fall on a scaffold from avove, a substantial overhead
protection shall be provided; not more than 3.00 meters above the scaffold
platform, and at doorways, passageways or other points where workers must pass
under scaffolds, a substantial overhead protection shall be provided.
No materials or equipment other than required by the workers shall be placed on
scaffold platforms.
4.9.
4.8.6
Roof brackets, roof scantling, crawling boards and similar forms of supports shall
be substantial in construction and securely fastened in place when in use.
4.8.7
Barrels, boxes or other similar unstable objects shall not be used as supports for
planking intended as scaffolds or places of work.
4.8.4
When used over public sidewalks or other places of public use, scaffolds used for
minor building repairs, alterations, or painting, shall be equipped with drop cloths
to effectively prevent the filling of paint or debris.
4.8.9
Scaffolds used for sandblasting and gunitang operations shall be entirely and
effectively enclosed, and the determination of effective enclosure shall be the
complete absence of particles of materials of operation in the air at a horizontal
distance of 15.00 meters from the point of operation.
Temporary Flooring
4.9.1
In buildings of skeleton construction and permanent floor, except for necessary
hoistway openings, shall, when possible, be constructed as the building
progresses. There shall be not more than three un-filled floors above the highest
permanent floor.
4.9.2
In building of skeleton construction the entire working floor shall be planked over,
except spaces required for construction work, for raising or lowering materials,
and for stairways or ladders. Planks shall be placed sot that they cannot tip under
the weight of a worker at any point and secured so that they cannot slip out of
place.
4.9.3
In buildings of wood joist construction, the under-floor shall be laid for each floor
as the building progresses.
4.10 Floor Openings
4.10.1 All floor openings used as hoistways or elevator shaftways shall be protected on
all sides, except the side being used for loading or unloading. Protection shall be
in the form of barricades not less than 1.20 meters high along or near the edges of
such openings, or guard rails not less than 91 mm. high, places not less than 600
mm. distant at all points from the edges of such openings. If guard rails are used,
toe boards shall be provided along the edges of the openings. Sides left open for
loading or unloading shall be guarded by similar solid doors or gates.
4.10.2 All floor openings used as stairways or for the accommodation of ladders or
runways shall be guarded by railings and toe boards.
4.10.3 All other floor openings shall be protected on all sides by solid barriers not less
than 910 mm. high, or by railings and tow boards, or shall be planked over or
covered over by temporary construction capable of sustaining safely such loads as
are likely to come thereon.
4.11
4.10.4
Barriers for the protection of openings used as hoistways or for elevators shall be
constructed so that workers cannot thrust head, arms or legs through them, and
loose materials cannot fall or be pushed into the shaftway.
4.10.5
Bariers guard rails around floor openings shall remain in place until permanent
enclosed or protection are otherwise provided.
Guard Rails and Tow Boards
4.11.1
Guard rails, when required under this Rule, shall have the to rail not less than 910
mm. high above the platform level. An intermediate rail shall be provided
between the top rail and the platform.
All guard rails shall have adequate
supports not more than 2.40 meters apart.
Every guard rails shall be constructed to withstand a horizontal force of 30 kgs.
per meter.
4.11.2
Toe boards, whenever required under this Rule, shall be solid to full height, and
shall extended not less than 150 mm. above the platform level and shall be placed
to firt close to the edges of the platform. They shall be adequately supported,
secured and braced along the entire length to resist the impact of workers' feet and
the shifting of materials.
Toe boards of wood shall be not less than 25 mm. nominal thickness, with
supports not more than 1.20 meters apart.
Toe boards of metal shall be not less than 3.175 mm. thick, with supports not
more than 1.20 meters apart.
5.
Demolition
5.1
5.2
Precaution before demolition
5.1.1
Before commencing the work of demolition of a building/structure, all gas,
electric, water and other meters shall be removed and the supply lines
disconnected, except such as are especially provided or required for use in
connection with the work of demolition.
5.1.2
All fittings attached to the building and connected to any street lighting system,
electrical supply or other utilities shall be removed.
5.1.3
All electric power shall be shut off and all electric service lines shall be cut and
disconnected by the power company at or outside the property line.
5.1.4
All gas, water and other utility service lines shall be shut off and cut or capped, or
otherwise controlled at or outside the building line. In each case, as also in 5.1.3
above, the utility company involved shall be notified in advance and its approval
or cooperation obtained.
5.1.5
No electric cable or other apparatus, other than those especially required for use in
connection with the demolition work, shall remain electrically charged during
demolition operations. When it is necessary to maintain any power, water, gas, or
other utility lines during the process of demolition, such lines shall be temporarily
relocated and protected with substantial covering to the satisfaction of the utility
company concerned.
5.1.6
All necessary steps shall be taken to prevent danger to persons arising from fire or
explosion from leakage or accumulation of gas or vapor; and from flooding from
uncapped water mains, sewers and/or culverts.
5.1.7
All entrances/exits to and from the building shall be properly protected so as to
prevent any danger to persons engaged in the demolition work using such
entrances/exits in the performance of their work.
5.1.8
Glazed sashes and glazed doors shall be removed before the start of demolition
operations.
Chutes
5.2.1
Chutes for the removal of materials and debris shall be provided in all parts of
demolition operations which are more than 6.00 meters above the point from
which material is to be removed. Chutes shall be so situated and constructed so as
not to pose any danger to the public or to workmen.
5.2.2
Chutes shall be completely enclosed and shall be equipped, at intervals of 7.60
meters or less, with substantial stops to prevent decending materials from
attaining dangerous speed. Proper tools shall be provided and kept available to
loosen materials or debris jammed in the chute. No materials or debris shall be
dropped from any part of a building under demolition to any point outside the
walls of the building except through properly enclosed wooden or metal chutes.
5.2.3
Chutes which are at an angle of more than 45° from the horizontal shall be
completely enclosed on all four sides, except for openings at or about floor level
at each floor, for the receiving of materials or debris.
5.2.4
Chutes at an angle of less than 45° with the horizontal may be left open on the
upper side. However, where such a chute discharges into another chute steeper
than 45° with the horizontal, the top of the steeper chute shall be covered at the
junction point of the two chutes to prevent the spillage of materials or debris.
5.2.5
Openings into which materials or debris are dumped at the top of a chute shall be
protected by a substantial guardrail extending at least 1.90 meters above the level
of the floor.
5.2.6
At chute openings where materials or debris are dumped from wheelbarrows, a toe
board or bumper not less than 150 mm. high and 50 mm. nominal thickness shall
be provided.
Any space between the chute and edges of floor openings through which the chute
passes shall be solidly planked over.
5.2.7
Chutes, as well as floors, stairways and other places, shall be effectively wet down
at frequent intervals, whenever the dust from demolition operations would cause a
menace or hardship to adjoining buildings or premises.
5.2.8
The bottom of each chute shall be equipped with an adjustable gate or stop for
regulating the flow of materials.
Except when in actual use in the discharge of materials, the gate or the stop shall
be kept closed. A reliable person shall be designated to control the gate and the
backing up and loading of trucks. He shall see to it that no person is allowed to
stand or pass under the discharge end of the chute at any time.
5.2.9
5.3
The area at the discharge end of each chute shall be completely enclosed with a
substantial fence at all times or otherwise made inaccessible. A danger sign shall
be placed at the discharge end of every chute.
Demolition of Walls and Chimneys
5.3.1
No wall, chimney or other construction shall be allowed to fall in mass, except
under competent supervision.
Scaffolds or stagings shall be erected for workers if walls or other elements of the
structure are too thin or too weak to work on. Heavy structural members, such as
beams or columns, shall be carefully lowered and not allowed to fall freely.
5.3.2
Masonry walls or sections of masonry walls shall not be permitted to fall upon the
floors of the building in such masses as to exceed the safe carrying capacity of the
floors.
5.3.3
No walls or section of walls whose height is more than twenty-two (22) times its
thickness shall be permitted to stand without lateral bracing unless such wall is in
good condition and was originally designed to stand to a greater height without
such lateral support.
5.3.4
Workmen shall not be permitted to work on top of a wall when weather
conditions constitue a hazard.
5.3.5
Before demolishing any interior or exterior wal which is within 3.00 meters of any
opening in the floor immediately below, such opening shall be substantially
planked over unless all workmen are removed from all floors below and access to
such floors is positively prevented.
5.3.6
At the completion of each day's work, all walls undemolished shall be left stable
and in no danger of overturning or falling.
5.3.7
Foundation walls which serve as retaining support each and adjoining structures
shall be be demolished until such adjoining structures have been underpinned or
brace, and earth either removed or supported by sheet piling or other suitable
material.
5.3.8
In the demolition of brick and/or masonry chimneys which cannot safely be
toppled or dropped, all materials shall be dropped down through the inside of such
chimneys.
5.3.9
Theloading point at the discharge end of any chute at or near the bottom of a
chimney shall be completely protected by means of any overhead timber canopy
constructed in accordance with Section 2.3 of this Rule.
5.3.10 To enable workman to reach or leave their work on any wall or scaffold,
walkways shall be provided. Such walkways shall not be less than three (3)
planks, properly tied or nailed to bearers of not less than 560 mm, in width, such
that the planks do not deflect more than 50 mm. under normal loading.
5.3.11 In buildings of skeleton construction, the steel framing may be left in place during
the demolition of masonry work. When this is done, all steel beams, girders and
the like shall be cleared of all loose materials as the demolition preogress
downward.
5.4
Demolition of Floors
5.4.1
Before the demolition of floors and floor beams the floors and beams shall be
completely supported by temporary planking and supports.
When the load is transferred to lower floors, these floors shall be carefully
propped.
Demolition of loors shall not be started until the surrounding floor area to a
distance of 6.00 meters have been entirely cleared of debris and other unnecessary
materials.
5.4.2
No floor, roof or other part of a building that is being demolished shall be so
overloaded with debris or materials as to render it unsafe.
5.4.3
Where workmen are engaged in the removal of loors, planks of ample strength
which are supported idependently of the flooring shall be provided for the
workmen to step on. The planks shall be so placed as to give the workmen a firm
support in case the floor gives way or collapses unexpectedly. Where it is
necessary for a workman to straddle a space between two planks, such space shall
not exceed 400 millimeters. To enable workmen to reach any work place without
the necessity of walking on exposed beams, planks shall be provided to serve as
catwalks.
Stringers of ample strength shall be installed to support the planks where
necessary. The ends of such stringers shall be supported by the floor beams or
girders.
5.4.4
Planks used for temporary protection shall be sound, and at least 25 mm. thick.
They shall be laid close together, with the ends overlapping by at least 100 mm.
over solid bearings to prevent tipping under a load.
5.4.5
Where floors are being removed, no workmen shall be allowed to work in the area
directly underneath. Such parts shall be barricaded to prevent access to it.
5.4.6
structural or load-supporting members on any floor shall not be cut or removed
until all stories above the floor have been demolished and removed.
5.4.7
Where any floor has been removed, the entire tier of beams on which any device
is supported shall be completely planked over, except for such openings as are
required for the handling of material or equipment.
5.4.8
Tairs and stair railings shall be kept in place and in usable condition as long as it
is practicable. Steps and landing shall be kept free from debris.
RULE XVI - LIGHT AND VENTILATION
Pursuant to Sections 801 to 811 of the National Building code (PD 1096), the following rules and
regulations shall be observed:
1. General Provisions:
2.
1.1
Subject to the provisions of the Civil Code of the Philippines on Easements of Light and
View, and to the provisions of Chapter 8 of the code, every building shall be designed,
constructed, and equipped to provide adequate light and ventilation.
1.2
All buildings shall face a street or public alley or a private stree which has been duly
approved.
1.3
No building shall be altered nor arranged so as to reduce the size of any room or the
relative area of windows to less than that provided for buildings under this Tule, or to
create an additional room, unless such additional room conform to the requirements of
this Rule.
1.4
No building shall be enlarged so that the dimensions of the required court or yard would
be less than that prescribed for such building.
Measurement and Percentage of Site Occupancy
2.1
The measurement of site occupancy or lot occupancy shall be taken at the ground level
and shall be exclusive of courts, yards, and light wells. 2.2 Courts, yards, and light wells
shall be measured clear of all projections from the walls enclosing such wells or yards
with the exception of roof leaders, wall copings, sills, or steel fire escapes not exceeding
1.20 meters in width. 2.3 Maximum site occupancy shall be governed by use, type of
construction, and height of the building and the use, area, nature and location of the site;
and subject to the provisions of the local zoning requirements and in accordance with the
following:
2.3.1
Types of Open Spaces:
a)
Public - Streets, alleys, easements of seashores, rivers, creeks, esteros,
railroad tracks, etc., parks, plazas, playgrounds, etc.
b)
Private - Courts, yards, setbacks, lightwells, uncovered driveways, access
roads and parking spaces.
Table I - Private Open Space Requirements
PERCENT OF OPEN SPACE
TYPE OF LOT
A & B (Residential)
a) Interior Lot
(Lot located in the interior of a block made
assessible from a public streetor alley by means
of a private access road)
50%
b) Inside Lot
(Non-comer or single frontage lot)
ALL OTHERS
25%
20%
15%
c) Corner and/or Through Lot
10%
5%
d) Lots bounded on three (3) or more sides by public
open spaces such as streets, alleys, easement of
seashores, rivers, esteros, etc.
5%
5%
NOTE:
1)
Refer to Section 3 of Rule III for occupancy grouping.
2)
Group A buildings in R-1 Zones shall follow the minimum yard standards in Table II to comply
with the open space requirements.
EXCEPTIONS: When the lots as described in (b), (c), and (d) in Table 1 are too shallow such that the
public open space on which they abut can adequately supply light and ventilation to every room therein
subject to the requirements on window opening, the requirement on private open space above may be
waived, provided, however, that for lots abutting only one public open space, the depth shall be not more
than 5.00 meters; and for those abutting two or more public open spaces, the depth shall be not more
than 10.00 meters (See Fig. 3.2 to 3.4)
3) Sizes and Dimensions of Courts and Yards
Minimum sizes of courts and yards and their least dimentsions shall be governed by the use, type
of construction, and height of the building as provided hereunder, provided that the minimum
horizontal dimension of said courts and yards shall be not less than 2.00 meters. All inner courts
shall be connected to a street or yard, either by a passageway with a minimum width of 1.20
meters or by a door through a room or rooms.
3.1
Court - An unoccupied space between building lines and lot lines other than a yard: free,
open and unobstructed from the ground upward.
a)
Inner Court - A court bounded on all sides or around its periphery by building
lines.
b)
Open Court - A court bounded on three sides by building lines with one side
bounded by another open space whether public or private.
c)
Through Court - A court bounded on two opposite sides by building lines with the
other opposite sides bounded by other open spaces whether public or private.
Every court shall have a width of not less than 2.00 meters for one and two-story
buildings. However, this may be reduced to not less than 1.50 meters in cluster
living units such as quadruplexes, rowhouses and the like one or two stories in
height with adjacent courts with an area not less than 3.00 square meters.
Provided, further, that the separation walls or fences, if any, shall be not higher
than 2.00 meters. Irregularly-shaped lots such as triangular lots and the like
whose courts may be also triangular in shape may be exempted from having a
minimum width of 2.00 meters, provided that no side thereof shall be less than
3.00 meters and the area shall be not less than that required in Table 1. (See Figs.
2.1 to 2.3 and 3.1)
For buildings more than two (2) stories in height, the minimum width of the
courts shall be increased at the rate of 300 millimeters (9.30m) for each additional
story up to the fourteenth story. For buildings exceeding fourteen (14) stories in
height, the required width of the court shall be computed on the basis of fourteen
(14) stories. (SeeTables III and IV and Fig. 4).
3.2
Yard - The vacant space left between the building and the property lines. Yards shall be
subject to the same basic requirements as courts. In addition, the following rules shall be
observed:
a) Yards for Residential Buildings
TABLE II
YARD
Front
Side
Rear
R-1
ZONES
R-2
5.00 m.
2.00 m.
2.00 m.
R-3
*See abutments
- do - do -
Where:
R-1
means Low-Density Residential Zone, characterized mainly by single-family, single detached
dwellings with the usual community ancillary uses on a neighborhood scale, such as exclusive
subdivisions and relatively exclusive residential communities which are not subdivisions.
R-2
means Medium-Density Residential Zone, characterized mainly by medium-density housing like
medium-rize, multiple family dwellings on a limited scale and the usual community ancillary
uses on a barangay scale, such as semi-exclusive subdivisions and semi-exclusive residential
communities which are not subdivisions.
R-3
means High-Density Residential Zone, characterized by avery mixed housing type and high
density housing, like high-rise buildings with more than usual community ancillary uses
increasingly commercial in scale.
* Abutments on the front, side and rear properly lines may be allowed provided that the
following requirements shall be complied with:
1. Open space as prescribed in Table I.
2. Window opening as prescribed in Section 7.
3.
Firewall with a minimum of one-hour resistive rating constructed with a minimum height
clearance of 1.00 meter above the roof (See Fig. 5).
The required open space shall be located totally or distributed anywhere within the lot in such
a manner as to provide maximum light and ventilation into the building. (See Fig. 6).
b) Yards for Commercial, Industrial, Institutional and Recreational Buildings.
TABLE III
ROAD RIGHT-OF-WAY
30 meters & above
25-29 meters
20-24 meters
10-19 meters
Below 10 meters
FRONT
10 m.
8 m.
6 m.
4 m.
2 m.
SIDE
3 m.
3 m.
3 m.
2 m.
2 m.
REAR
3 m.
3 m.
3 m.
2 m.
2 m.
The yard requirements in Table III above are for newly-developed thoroughfares. for highly built-up
urban areas with duly established lines and grades reflecting therein proposed road widening and
elevation, the requirements in Table III above may not be imposed and the building may abut on ariticial
ventilation, if any, and firewalls are complied with.
4.
3.3
Setback - The vacant space left between the building and lot lines than 2.00 meters in
width. A setback may be considered part of the open space, provided that it abuts a
permanent public open space without any separation between them which obstructs the
free flow of light and ventilation. Fences, if any, made of wrought or galvanized iron
bars and the like with solid masonry zocalo, if any, not higher than 1.00 meter shall be
allowed.
3.4
Uncovered Driveways, Access Roads and Parking Spaces may be considered part of the
open space provided that they are open and unobstructed from the ground upward as in
courts and yards.
Ceiling Heights:
4.1
4.2
5.
Habitable rooms provided with artificial ventilation shall have ceiling heights not less
than 2.40 meters measured from the floor to the ceiling; Provided that for buildings of
more than one-storey, the minimum ceiling height of the first story shall be 2.70 meters
and tht for the second story 2.40 meters and the succeeding stories shall have an
unobstructed typical head-room clearance of not less than 2.10 meters above the finished
floor. Above stated rooms with a natural ventilation shall have ceiling heights not less
than 2.70 meters.
Mezzanine floors shall have a clear ceiling height not less than 1.80 meters above and
below it.
Sizes and Dimensions of Rooms:
Minimum sizes of rooms and their least horizonta dimensions shall be as follows:
6.
5.1
Rooms for Human Habitations - 6.00 square meters with a least dimension of 2.00
meters;
5.2
Kitchen - 3.00 square meters with a least of 1.50 meters;
5.3
Bath and toilet - 1.20 square meters with a least dimension of 0.90 meter.
Air Space Requirements in Determining Sizes of Rooms:
Minimum air space shall be provided as follows:
6.1
School Rooms - 3.00 cubic meters with 1.00 square meter of floor area per person;
6.2
Workshop, Factories, and Offices - 1.20 cubic meters of air space per person;
6.3
Habitable Rooms - 14.00 cubic meters of air space per person.
7.
Window Openings:
7.1
Rooms intended for any use, not provided with aritificial ventilation system, shall be
provided with a window or windows with a total free area of openings equal to at least
ten percent of the floor area of the room, provided that such opening shall be not less than
one (1) square meter. However, toilet and bath rooms, laundry rooms and similar rooms
shall be provided with window or windows with an area not less than one-twentieth of the
floor area of such rooms, provided that such opening shall be not less than 240 sq. mm.
Such window or windows shall open directly to a court, yard, public street or alley, or
open water course.
Exception. Required windows may open into a roofed porch where the porch
7.2
8.
a)
abuts a court, yard, public street or alley, or open water course and other public
open spaces.
b)
has a celing height of not less than 2.70 meters.
c)
has one of the longer sides at least 65 percent open and unobstructed.
Eaves over required windows shall be not less than 750 millimeters from the side and rear
property lines.
Vent Shafts:
8.1
Ventilation or vent shafts shall have a horizontal cross-sectional area of not less than 0.10
square meter for every meter of height of shaft but in no case shall the area be less than
1.00 square meter. No vent shall have its least dimension less than 600 millimeters.
9.
8.2
Skylights - Unless open to the outer air at the top for its full area, vent shafts shall be
covered by a skylight having a net free area or fixed louver openings equal to the
maximum required shaft area.
8.3
Air ducts shall open to a street or court by a horizontal duct or intake at a point below the
lowest window opening. Such duct or intake shall have a minimum unobstructed crosssectional area of not less than 0.30 square meter with a minimum dimension of 300
millimeters. The openings to the duct of intake shall be not less than 300 millimiters
above the bottom of the shaft and the street surface or level of court, at the respective
ends of the duct or intake.
Ventilation Skylights:
Skylights shall have a gross not less than that required for the windows that are replaced. They
shall be equipped with movable shashes or louvers with an aggregate net free area not less than
that required for openable parts in the window that are replaced or provided with approved
artificial ventilation of equivalent effectiveness.
10.
Artificial Ventilation:
10.1
Rooms or spaces housing industrial or heating equipment shall be provided with artificial
means of ventilation to prevent exessive accumulation of hot and/or polluted air.
10.2
Whenever artificial ventilation is required, the equipment shall be designed and
constructed to meet the following minimum requirements in air changes:
CUBIC METER
CEILING HEIGHT, METER
USE OR OCCUPANCY PER MINUTE PER PERSON
2.40
3.00 3.70 4.50
MINIMUM MAXIMUM
AIR CHANGES PER HOUR
Apartment
0.29
0.43
3 2
Banking Space
0.22
0.29
3
Barber Shop
0.22
0.29
3
Beauty Parlor
0.22
0.29
3
Broker's Board Room
0.57
0.85
Cafeteria
0.43
0.57
6
0.57
0.85
8 6 4-1/2 3 2-1/4
Churches
0.14
0.22
3 2
Department Stores
0.22
0.43
3
Director's Room
0.85
0.14
8
Drugstore (no counter)
0.22
0.29
Drugstore (w/counter)
0.29
0.43
Funeral Parloc
0.14
0.22
3
6.10
1-1/2 1 3/4
2 1-1/2 1 3/4
2 1-1/12 1 3/4
2 1-1/2 1 3/4
8 6 4-1/2 3 2-1/2
4-1/2 3-1/2 2-1/2 1-3/4 Cocktail bar
1-1/2 1 3/4
2 1-1/2 1 3/4
6 4-1/2 3 2-1/4
3 2 1-1/2 1 3/4
5 3-3/4 3 2 1-1/2
2 1-1/2 1 3/4
Gambling Rooms, Garage
0.57
0.85
Hospital Room, hotel room
0.29
0.43
Laboratories
0.43
0.57
6
Office
0.29
0.43
4 3
Restaurant, Kitchen
0.34
0.43
Shop, retail
0.22
0.29
3
Theaters
0.14
0.22
10.3
11.
6
6 4-1/2 3 2-1/4
3 2 1-1/2 1 3/4
4-1/2 3-1/2 2-1/2 1-3/4
2-1/4 1-1/2 1
5 3-3/4 3 2 1-1/2
2 1-1/2 1 3/4
For other rooms or spaces not specifically covered under this Section, applicable
provisions of the Philippine Mechanical Engineering Code shall be followed.
Artificial Lighting:
Buildings/struvtures shall be designed and equipped to provide adequate lighting in accordance
with the provisions of the Philippine Electrical Code and the Fire Code of the Philippines.
RULE XVII - CONSTRUCTION OF BUILDINGS/STRUCTURES WITHIN
APPROACH/DEPARTURE ZONES OF RUNWAYS OF AIRPORTS
Pursuant to Section 105 of the National Building Code (PD 1096) and in accordance with the latest
Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA), now Bureau of Air Transportation (BAT), Air Regulations,
the following rules and regulations shall govern the construction of buildings/structures within
approach/departure zones of runways of airports.
1. Definitions - For purposes of this Rule, the following definitions shall apply:
APPROACH/DEPARTURE ZONE OF AN AIRPORT - That area with an inner edge located 60
meters from the end of the runways, perpendicular and symmetrical about the prolongation of the
runway centerline, both sides of which have a divergence of 12.5% towards the outside, and with
the inner edge as the short base of the isosceles trapezoid thus formed.
INNER EDGE - A line perpendicular to the prolongation of the runway centerline and 60 meters
from the end of the runway. It is the short base of the issoceles trapezoid formed by the
approach/departure zone, having a length as follows:
a) 150 meters for runways less than 1,500 meters long;
b) 300 meters for runways 1,500 meters long or more.
TRANSITION SURFACE - A specified surface sloping upwards and outwards from the edge of
the approach/departure zone and from a line originating at the end of the inner edge, drawn
parallel to the runway centerline, having a slope of 14.3% (1:7). The outer limit of the transition
surface shall be determined by its intersection with the plane of the inner horizontal surface.
STRIP OF RUNWAY - That rectangular area determined by a line originating at the end of the
inner edge drawn parallel to the centerline of the runway having a total length of l + 120 meters,
where L is the length of the runway in meters, and a width equal to the length of the inner edge.
2.
No new building/structure shall be allowed within the strip of a runway.
3.
The portion of the approach/departure zone where new construction is alowed is an isosceles
trapezoid symmetrical about the prolongation of the runway centerline, the shorter base of which
is the inner edge of the approach/departure zone. The height of buildings/structures within this
zone shall be limited by an imaginary line with a slope of 2% for the first 3,000 meters from the
inner edge reckoned from the surface of the runway, and thence 2.5% beyond 3,000 meters. The
dimensions of the isosceles trapezoid are as shown on the table below:
Inner edge
Distance between
Length of runway
(Short base)
Long base
bases
in meters
in meters
in meters
in meters
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4.
1,500 or more
300
1,050
3,000
Less than 1,500
150
900
3,000
A height clearance certificate shall first be secured from the CAA (now BAT) before a building
permit may be issued or the construction of buildings/structure located:
a)
within 500 meters measured normal to the centerline of the runway of an airport,
regardless of height;
b)
from 500 meters up to 24.5 kilometers measured normal to the centerline of the runway
of an airport and exceeding 45 meters in height above the elevation of the runway;
c)
within the approach/departure zone of an airport at a distance of 2,250 meters measured
from the inner edge, regardless of height;
d)
within the approach/departure zone of an airport beyond 2,250 meters from the inner edge
up to 15 kilometers and exceeding 45 meters in height above the elevation of the runway.
RULE XVIII - MAXIMUM HEIGHT OF BUILDINGS/STRUCTURES
Pursuant to Section 707 of the National Building code (PD 1096) the maximum height and number
of stories of every building shll be dependent upon the character of occupancy and the type of
construction considering population density, building bulk, widths of streets and car parking
requirements in relation to other existing local land use plan and zoning regulations, geological,
hydrological, meterorological, light and ventilation, as well as other environmental considerations,
prevailing traffic conditions, the availability and capacity of public utility/service systems.
1. Definitions - For purposes of this Rule, the following definitions shall apply:
HEIGHT OF BUILDINGS/STRUCTURE - The vertical distance from the established grade
elevation to the highest point of the coping of a flat roof, to the average height of the highest
gable, pitch or hip roof, or to the top of the parapet, if the roof is provided with a parapet,
whichever is higher (see Figs. 1-A, 1-B, 1-C).
CHARACTER OF OCCUPANCY buildings/structures or portions thereof.
The
classification
of
use
or
occupancy
of
TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION - The classification based on the fire resistivity ratings of materials
and methods of construction of buildings/structures or portions thereof.
GRADE (ADJACENT GROUND ELEVATION) - The lowest point of elevation of the finished
surface of the ground between the exterior wall of a building and a point 1.50 meters distant from
said wall (See Fig. 2), or the lowest point of elevation of the finished surface of the ground
between the exterior wall of a building and a property line, if it is less than 1.50 meters distant
from said wall (see Fig. 3). In case walls are parallel to and within 1.50 meters of a public
sidewalk, alley or other public way, the grade shall be the elevation of the sidewall, alley or
public way (See. Fig. 4).
ESTABLISHED GRADE ELEVATION - The point of reference on the highest adjoining
sidewalk or the highest adjoining ground surface, as established by the proper government
authority. However, incase of sloping ground, the average ground level of the buildables area
shall be considered the established elevation, (See Fig. 5).
2. Determination of Height:
2.1
The height shall be measured from the highest adjoining public sidewalk or ground
surface; Provided, that the height measured from the lowest adjoining surface shall not
exceed such maximum height by more than 3.00 meters; Except, that towers, spires and
steeples, erected as parts of the building and not used for habitation or storage are limited
as to the height only by structural design, if completely of incombustible materials, or
may extend not to exceed 6.00 meters above the height limits for each occupancy group,
if of combustible materials. (See Figs. 1-A, 1-B, 1-C).
2.2
The height of any building/structure shall be subject to clearance requirements of the
Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA)/Military authorities in the case of airports, and
of military authorities in the case of security-oriented facilities/installations.
2.3
Character of occupancy and type of construction:
Buildings/structures whose character of occupancy or use and occupant load are less
hazardous as to life and fire risks may be built higher than those which are more
hazardous.
Buildings/structures falling under Types IV or V (steel, iron, concrete or masonry
construction) may be built higher than those falling under Types I or II (wooden
construction).
2.4
In any given locality the height of buildings/structures shall be governed by the following
factors:
2.4.1
Population density:
in the area.
2.4.2
Building bulk:
Consider both the present and projected population density
For a given volume of building/structure, that which has a lesser area of ground
coverage may be built higher than that of greater area of ground coverage.
2.4.3
Widths of streets:
Provide for adequate light and ventilation and accessibility.
2.4.4
Traffic conditions and parking/loading requirements:
Provide effective control of traffic and adequate parking/loading facilities.
2.4.5
Provisions of land use plans and zoning ordinances.
2.4.6
Geological conditions:
Consider soil characteristics, location in relation to fault lines and earthquake
belts and proximity to volcanoes.
2.4.7
Hydrological conditions:
Consider the water table at the site and distance to waterways and shorelines.
2.4.8
Meteorological conditions:
Consider the frequency and intensity of destructive typhoons, prevailing wind
direction, relative humidity, amount of precipitation and the prevailing ambient.
2.4.9
Environmental conditions:
Provide effective control of air, noise and thermal pollution. Promote growth of
vegetations. Optimize natural light and ventilation.
2.4.10 Availability and capacity of public utility/service systems:
Consider the availability and adequacy of electric power, potable and non-potable
water supply, drainage and sewerage, transportation and communications
facilities.
RULE XIX - PARKING AND LOADING SPACE REQUIREMENTS
Pursuant to Section 803 of the National Building Code (PD 1096) providing for maximum site
occupancy,the following provisions on parking and loading space requirements shall be observed:
1.
The parking space rating listed below are minimum off-street requirements for specific specific
uses/occupancies for buildings/structures:
1.1
The size of an average automobile parking slot shall be computed at 2.4 meters by 5.00
meters for perpendicular or diagonal parking, at 2.00 meters by 6.00 meters for parallel
parking. A truck or bus parking/loading slot shall be computed at a minimum of 3.60
meters by 12.00 meters. The parking slot shall be drawn to scale and the total number of
which shall be indicated on the plans and specified whether or not parking
accommodations, are attendant-managed. (See Section 2 for computation of parking
requirements).
1.2
Low-income single detached living units in housing project areas with individual lots not
more than 100 square meters.
- Pooled parking at 1 slot/10 living units
1.3 Multi-family living units regardless of
number of stories with an average living
unit floor area of:
a) Up to 50 sq.m.
- 1 slot/8 living units
b) Above 50 sq.m. to 100 sq.m.
- 1 slot/8 living units
c) More than 100 sq.m.
- 1 slot/living unit
1.4 Hotels
- 1 slot/10 rooms
1.5 Residential hotels and apartels
1.6 Motels
1.7 Neighborhood
1.8 Markets
- 1 slot/5 units
- 1 slot/unit
- 1 slot/100 sq.m. of shopping floor area
- 1 slot/150 sq.m. of shopping floor area
1.9 Restaurants, fast-food centers, bars
and beerhouses
- 1 slot/30 sq.m. of customer area
1.10 Nightclubs, supperclubs and theaterrestaurants (See Section 1.20)
- 1 slot/20 sq.m. of customer area
1.11
Office buildings
- 1 slot/125 sq.m. of gross floor area
1.12
Pension/boarding/lodging houses
- 1 slot/20 beds
1.13 Other buildings in business/commercial
zones
- 1 slot/125 sq.m. of gross floor area
1.14 Public assembly buildings such as
theaters, cinemas, auditoria, stadia, etc. - 1 slot/50 sq.m. of spectators area
1.15
Places of workship and funeral parlors
1.16
Schools
- 1 slot/50 sq.m. of congregation area
1.16.1 Elementary, secondary, vocational
and trade schools
-1 slot/10 classrooms
1.16.2 Colleges and universities
1.17
Hospitals
1.18
Recreational facilities
- 1 slot/5 classrooms
- 1 slot/25 beds
1.18.1 Bowling alleys
1.18.2 Amusement centers
- 1 slot/4 alleys
- 1 slot/50 sq.m. of gross floor area
1.18.3 Clubhouses, beach houses and
the like
- 1 slot/100 sq.m. of gross floor area
1.19 Factories, manufacrturing establishments,
mecantile buildings, warehouses and
storage bins
- 1 car slot/1,000 sq.m. of gross floor area
1.20
Tourist bus parking areas
- 2 bus slots/hotel or theater restaurant
2. Parking Requirement Computation:
The off-street parking requirement rating may be reduced in accordance with any or all of the
following applicable conditions, provided such conditions are permanent:
2.1
Only off-street service and loading bay requirements are to be provided if the area where
the building/structure to be erected is designated as a pedestrian-dominated zone.
2.2
In mixed occupancies, the parking requirements shall be the sum of 100% of the
dominant use and 50% of each of the non-dominant uses.
2.3
Fifty percent of all available on-street parking slots along roads fronting the property
lines, whether police-controlled or meter-controlled, may be included in computing
parking requirements of individual buildings/structures located thereat.
2.4
In areas where adequate public parking lots/multi-floor parking garages are available
within 200 meters of the proposed buildings/structures, only 20% of parking requirements
may be provided within the premises.
2.5
3.
In computing for parking slots, a fraction of 0.5 and above shall be considered as 1 slot.
In all cases however, a minimum of 1 parking slot shall be provided except in cases
falling under Sections 1.2 and 1.3.
Special Provisions:
For buildings/structures intended for the use or occupancy of the handicapped, the
following minimum provisions shall be observed:
3.1
1 accessible parking slot for the handicapped per 50 parking lots up to 150 slots and an
additional slot for every 100 slots thereafter.
3.2
Wheel chair transfer area:
One between every two spaces.
Directly connects to accessible walks of travel and accessible building entrances (See Fig.
1).
3.3
Maximum distance of accessible prking area from facility served. Parking areas for the
physically handicapsped shall be wtihin 60 m. of the facility being served. This shall be
measured from the farthest space along accessible path to the closest accessible entrance.
(See Fig. 2)
3.4
All accessible parking spaces for the handicapped shall have the international symbol of
access (See Fig. 3). All signs are to be in white graphics on a dark blue background.
Size for exterior use shall be 30 cm. by 30 cm. or 60 cm. by 60 cm. Lettering for
facility identification for the partially sigted shall be a minimum height of 5.0 cm.
4.
brief
Loading Slot Requirements:
4.1
Stores, manufacturing, wholesale or
mercantile buldings/structures, or similar
occupancies
- 1 loading slot for every 5,000 sq.m. of
gross floor area with a minimum of 1
truck loading slot.
4.2 Hotels and hospitals
- 1 truck loading slot
GUIDELINES IN THE DESING OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS/STRUCTURES
Pursuant to Section 203 of the National Building Code (PD 1096) the following guidelines shall be
observed in the design of public buildings/structures:
1.
Public buildings/structures are permanent buildings/structures owned by the government,
whether national or local, its agencies, including government-owned and/or controlled
corporations.
2.
Design of public buildings/structures aside from being logically functional and structurally
sound, should promote, enhance and express the aesthetic quality, customs and traditions, socioeconomic values and cultural heritage of the region towards evolving a distinct Filipino
architecture.
2.1
The architectural character of public buildings/structures should express the nature of
their function, use or occupancy and should reflect their identity as public
buildings/structures compatible with their total environment.
2.2
Public buildings/structures should be designed for permanence.
2.3
Use of indigenous and/or locally manufactured/produced materials, such as marble, stone,
adobe, clay tiles, wood, coco wood, kapis shells should be maximized.
2.4
Use of natural light and ventilation by means of proper orientation, cross ventilation,
convection, sun control devices and the like should be maximized.
2.5
Choice of finishes should aim to minimize maintenance costs.
2.6
Decorative motifs and ornaments should evolve from native, ethnic or regional arts and
be an inherent expression of the whole design.
These guidelines are not intended to limit the creativity of the designer nor preclude the use of
advanced or innovative technology.
Excerpt from National Structural Code for Buildings
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL DESIGN REQUIREMENTS
Section 1.01: Definitions
(a) The following definitions give the meaning of certain terms as used in this Chapter:
DEAD LOAD: The dead load of a building shall include the weight of the walls, permanent
partitions, framing floors, roofs and all ohter permanent stationary construction entering into and
becoming a part a building. LIVE LOAD: the live load includes all loads except dead and
lateral loads. LATERAL LOAD: The lateral load includes all horizontal loads due to seismic,
wind forces and other loads in the same direction.
Section 1.02
Loads
(a) General. Buildings and all parts thereof shall be of sufficient stength to support the estimated or
actual imposed dead and live loads in addition to their own proper dead load, without exceeding the
stresses noted elsewhere in this Code, provided that no building or part thereof shall be designed for live
loads less than those specified in this Chapter. Impact shall be considered in the design of any structure
where impact loads occur.
(b) Special. Provisions shall be made in designing office floors for a load of 900 kilograms (2000
pounds) placed upon any space 75 centimeters (two and one-half feet) square wherever this load upon an
otherwise unloaded floor would produce stresses greater than those caused by a uniformly distributed
load of 250 kilograms per square meter (50 punds per square foot).
(c) In designing floors to be used for industrial or commercial purposes, the actural live load cuased
by the use to which the building or part of the building is to be put shall be used in the design of such
building or part thereof, and special provision shall be made for machine or apparatus loads when such
machine or apparatus would cause a greater load than specified for such use in Section 1.04.
(d) Floors in office buildings and in other buildings, where partition locations are subject to change,
shall be designed to support in addition to all other loads, a uniformly distributed load equal to 100
kilograms per sqaure meter (20 punds per square foot).
(e)
Public garages and commercial or industrial buildings in which loaded trucks are placed,
used or stored shall have the floor systems designed to support a concentrated rear whhel load of a
loaded truck placed in any possible position.
(f)
Garages for the storage of private pleasure cars shall ahve the floor system designed for a
concentrated wheel load of not less than 900 kilograms (2000 pounds).
(g) Critical distribution of Live Loads. Where structural members are arranged so as to create
continuity, the loading conditions which would cause maximum shear and bending moments along the
member shall be investigated. Where uniform floor loads are involved, consideration may be limited to
full dead load on all spans in combination with full live load on adjacent spans and on alternate spans.
(h) Where uniform roof loads are involved consideration may be limited to full dead load on all
spans in combination with full live load on all spans and on alternate spans.
Section 1.03
Method of Design
(a) Any system or method of construction to be used shall admit of a rational analysis in accordance
with well-established principles of mechanics.
(b) All allowable stresses and soil-bearing values specified in this Code for working stress design
may be increased one-third when considering wind or earthquake forces either acting alone or when
combines with vertical loads. No increase will be allowed for vertical loads acting alone.
(c) Load factors for ultimate strength design of concrete and plastic design of steel shall be as
indicated in the appropriate Chapters on the materials.
(d) Wind and earthquake loads need not be assumed to act simultaneously.
Section 1.04
Unit Live Loads
(a) The unit loads set forth in Tables No. 1.04-A, 1.04-B, 1.04-C 7 1.05-A shall be taken as the
minimum live loads per unit area of horizontal projection to be used in the design of buildings for the
occupancies listed, and loads at least equal shall be assumed for uses not listed in this Section but which
create or accommodate similar loadings.
(A) FLOOR LOADS.
1. Uniformly Distributed Loads. These loads shall be the minimum average amount allowed on a
floor and determdined by the type of occupancy or use.
(a) Human Occupancy. See Table 1.04-A.
(b) Warehouse. See Table 1.04-B.
(c)
Special Occupancy: Use loads in Table 1.04-C unless more accurate information
is available.
2. Concentrated Loads. Design all floors to support either uniformly distributed loadings or the
following concentrated loads (whichever develops the greater stresses). Unless otherwise specified, load
concentration shall be assumed to occupy spaces 75 cms. x 75 cms. (2-1/2 x 2-1/2 ft.) and placed to
develop maximum stresses in the affected members.
(a)
Elevator machine room grating 135 kilograms (300 lbs.) on area of 25 sq.cm. (4
sq. in.).
(b) Finish light floor plate 90 kilograms (200 lbs.) on area of 6.5 sq. cm. ( 1 sq. in.).
(c) Floors other than those above 900 kilograms (2,000 lbs.).
(d) Scuttles, skylights and accessible ceilings 90 kilograms (200 lbs.).
(B) STAIRS, SIDEWALKS, DRIVEWAYS, AND RAILINGS
1. Stairs. Apply either a uniformly distributed loading of 100 psf or concentrated loads of 135
kilograms (300 lbs.) spaced 90 cms. (3 ft.) center to center each occupying an area of 30 cms. (1 ft.) wide
by the depth of the tread (whichever develops the greater stresses).
2. Sidewalks. Apply either a uniformly distributed loading of 1250 kgs. per square meter (250
pounds per square foot) or, when subject to trucking, a concentrated load of 3,600 kilograms (8,000 lbs.)
on an area of 75 cm. x 75 cm. (2-1/2 ft. x 2-1/2 ft.) whichever develops the greater stresses.
3. Driveways. Apply either a uniformly distributed loading of 1250 kilograms per square meter (250
pounds per square foot) or the heaviest wheel load expected (minimum 5,400 kilograms (12,000 lbs.).
Use whichever develops the greater stresses.
4. Railings. Dsign stairway, balcony railings and guardrails to resist a horizontal force of 65
kilograms per meter (100 lbs. per linear foot) applied normally at the top of the railing.
(b) All ceiling joists shall be designed for not less than 50 kilograms per square meter (10 pounds
per square foot) total load.
TABLE 1.04-A
LIVE LOAD REQUIREMENTS FOR HUMAN OCCUPANCY
LIVE LOAD
OCCUPANCY OR USE
ksm
psf
Apartments (See Residential)
Armories (not drill halls)
750
Assembly halls and other places of assembly
Fixed seats
300
60
Movable seats
500
100
Balcony (exterior)
300
60
Bowling alleys, poolrooms, and similar
recreational areas
375
75
Corridors:
First Floor
500
100
Other floors, same as occupancy served
as indicated and with minimum of
400
80
Courtrooms
400
80
Dance Halls
625
125
Dining Rooms and Restaurants
500
100
Dwellings (See Residential)
Gymnasiums, Main Floors and Balconies
500
100
Hospitals:
Corridors
400
80
Operating Rooms
300
60
Operating Theaters
625
125
Private Rooms
250
50
Wards
250
50
Hotels (see Residential)
Libraries:
375
75
Reading Rooms
320 kcm
20 pcf.
Stock Rooms
with max. 750 ksm 150 psf
Lobbies, vestibules, and waiting rooms
500
100
Lounges
300
60
Marquees
375
75
Mess Halls
500
100
Office Buildings:
Offices
250
50
Lobbies
500
100
Penal Institutions:
Cell Blocks
375
75
Corridors
500
100
Residential
150
Barracks
200
40
Dormitories:
Partitioned
200
40
Non-partitioned
300
60
Multi-family houses:
Private Apartments
250
50
Public Rooms
500
100
Corridors
250
50
Dwellings:
First Floor
200
40
Second Floor and Habitable Attic
150
30
Uninhabitable attics 1.5 M. (5 ft.) or less
100
20
Hotels:
Guest Rooms
200
40
Public Rooms
500
100
Corridors Serving Public Rooms
500
100
Public Corridors
500
100
Private Corridors
400
80
Recreation Rooms (not used for dancing)
500
100
Schools:
Classrooms
200
40
Corridors
500
100
Shower and Wash Rooms
300
60
Skating Rinks
500
100
Stairs, Fire Excapes and Exitways
500
100
Theaters:
Aisles, Corridors, and Lobbies
500
100
Orchestra Floors-Fixed Seats
300
60
Balconies-Fixed Seats
300
60
Stage Floors
750
150
Toilets
200
40
Yards and Terraces, Pedestrians
500
100
TABLE 1.04-b
LIVE LOADS FOR STORAGE WAREHOUSE
MATERIALS
Weight Per
Height
Weight Per
Unit Volume
of Pile
Unit Area
Load
Live
kcm
pcf m ft ksm psf ksm psf
BUILDING MATERIALS
Asbestos
800
50 1.80 6 1500
300
Bricks, Building
720
45 1.80 6 1350 270
Bricks, Fire Clay
1200
75 1.80 6 2250 450
Cement, Natural
945
59 1.80 6 1770 354
1500 300
Cement, Portland
1150
72 1.80 6 2160 432
to to
to
to
to to
1680
105
3150 630
Gypsum
800
50 1.80 6 1500 300
2000 400
Lime and Plaster
850
53 1.50 5 1325 265
Tiles
800
50 1.80 6 1500 300
Woods, bulk
720
45 1.80 6 1350 270
DRUGS, PAINTS, OIL,
Alum, Pearl, in barrels 530
33 1.80 6
990 198
Bleaching Powder
in hogsheads
500
31 1.05 3-1/2 510 102
Blue, Vitril, in barrels
720
45 1.05 5 1130 226
Glycerine, in cases
830
52 1.80 6 1560 312
Linseed Oil, in barrels
575
36 1.80 6 1080 216
Linseed Oil, in iron drums 720
45 1.20 4
900 180
Logwood Extract,
in boxes
1120
70 1.50 5 1750 350
Resin, in barrels
770
48 1.80 6 1440 288
Shellac, Gum
610
88 1.80 6 1440 228
1000 200
to
to
1500 300
Soaps
800
50 1.80 6 1500 300
Soda Ash, in hogsheads 1000
62 0.83 2-3/4 835
167
Soda, Caustic, in iron
1410
88 1.02 3-3/8 1470 294
Soda, Silicate in barrels 850
53 1.80 6 1590 318
Sulphuric Acid
960
60 0.49
500
100
Toilet Articles
560
35 1.80 6 1650 330
White Lead, Paste,
in cans
2790
174
1.05 3-1/2 3050 610
White Lead, Dry
1380
80 1.43 4-3/4 2040 408
Red Lead and
Litharge, Dry
2115
132 1.13 3-3/4 2475 495
DRY GOODS, COTTON,
WOOL, ETC.
Burlap, in bales
690
43 1.80 6 1290 258
Carpets and Rugs
480
30 1.80 6 900
180
Coir, Yarn, in bales
530
33 2.40 8 1320 264
Cotton, in Bales, American 480
30 2.40 8 1200 240
Cotton Bleached Seeds
in cases
450
28 2.40 8 1120 224
Cotton in bales, Foreign 640
40 2.40 8 1600 320
Cotton Flannel,
in cases
190
12 2.40 8 80 96
Cotton Sheeting, in cases 370
23 2.40 8 920
184
Cotton Yarn, in cases
400
24 2.40 8 1000 200
Excelsior, compressed
300
19 2.40 8 760
152
1000 200
Hemp, Italian,
Compressed
350
22 2.40 8 880
176
300
Hemp, Manila,
Compressed
480
30 2.40 8 1200 240
250
Jute, Compressed
660
41 2.40
8
to
1250
50 1.50
30 2.40
40 1.80
45 2.40
21 2.40 8
29 2.40 8
Linen Damask, in cases 800
Linen Goods, in cases
480
Linen, Towels, in cases 640
Silk and Silk Goods
720
Sisal, Compressed
336
Tow, Compressed
465
Wool, in bales,
Compressed
770
48
Wool, in bales, not
Compressed
Wool, Worsteds, in cases
GROCERIES, WINES, LIQUORS, ETC.
Beans, in bags
Beverages
Canned Goods, in
Cases
Cereals
Cocoa
Coffee, Green,
in bags
Dates in cases
Figs, in cases
Flour, in barrels
Fruits, fresh
Meat and Meat
Products
Milk, condensed
Molasses, in barrels
Rice, in bags
Sal Soda, in barrels
Soap powder, in bases
Starch, in barrels
Sugar, in barrel
Sugar, in cases
Tea, in chests
Wines and Liquors,
in barrels
HARDWARE, ETC.
Automobile Parts
Chain
Cutley
Door Checks
Electrical Goods and
Machinery
Hinges
1643 320
1000
to
250
5 1250 250
8 1200 240
6 1200 240
8 1800 360
840
168
1160 232
200
Locks, in cases, packed
Machinery, Lights
Plumbing Fixtures
Plumbing Supplies
Sash Fasteners
Screws
Shafting Steel
Sheet Tin, in boxes
Tools, small metal
Wire, Cable, on reels
Wire, Insulated copper
in coils
Wire, Galvanized Iron
in coils
Wire, Magnet, on spools
MISCELLANEOUS:
Automobile Tires
Automobile, uncrated
Books (solidly packed)
Furniture
Glass and Chinaware
in crates
Hides and Leather
in bites
Hides, Buffalo,
in bundles
Leather and Leather
Goods
Newspaper, Paper and
strawboards
Paper, Writing and
Calendared
Rope, in coils
Rubber, Crude
Tobacco, bales
TALBE 1.04-C
LIVE LOADS FOR SPECIAL OCCUPANCY
MATERIAL
Apparatus Room
Bag Storage
Bakeries:
General Area
ksm
psf
375
625
75
125
500
100
Storage Area
1000
200
Barber Shop
375
75
Battery-Charging Rooms
1000
200
Boiler Houses
1000
200
Cafeteria (mess area)
500
100
Cat Washrooms
375
75
Canteens:
General Area
500
100
Storage Area
1000
200
Catwalks
250
50
Cobbler Shop
500
100
Data Processing (clerical)
750
150
Dayrooms
300
60
Drawing Reproduction Room (blueprinting)
500
100
Dressing Rooms (Theaters)
375
75
Drill Halls
625
125
Drum Filling
750
150
Drum Washing
375
75
File Rooms:
Correspondence
750
150
Drawings
1000
200
Fire Escapes
500
100
Galleys:
Dishwashing Rooms (mech.)
1500
300
General Area
375
75
Provision Storage (not refrigerated)
1000
200
Preparation Rooms:
Meat
1250
250
Vegetable
500
100
Garages (including fire station):
Passenger Cars 3000 kilograms (6000 lbs.)
Repair Areas
500
100
Trucks and Buses over 9000 kilograms
(2000 lbs.)
1000
200
Trucks and Buses 9000 kilograms (2000 lbs.) 750
150
Garbage Storage Rooms
625
125
Generator Rooms
1000
200
Grandstands
625
125
Guard House
Hangars:
Landplane and seaplane
Lighter-than-air
Incinerators, charging floor
Laboratories (normal equipment)
Latrines
Laundries
Linen Storage
Loading Platforms (except where floor load is less)
Locker Rooms
Medical Facilities, mechanical equipment rooms
Morgues
Porches:
Barracks, hospitals and mess halls
Others
Post Exchanges
Post Offices:
General Area
Work Rooms
Power Plants
Projection Booths
Pump Houses
Receiving Rooms (radio) including roof areas
supporting antennas and electronic equipment
Recreation Rooms (not used for dancing)
Refrigeration Storage Rooms:
Dairy
Meat
Vegetable
Rest Rooms
Rubbish Storage Rooms
Scrub Decks
Shops:
Aircraft Utility
Assembly and Rapair
Blacksmith
Bombsight
Carpenter
Drum Repair
Electrical
Engine Overhaul
Heavy Materials assembly
Light Materials assembly
Machine
Mold Loft
Plate (except storage areas)
Public Works:
First Floor
Sheet Metal
Ship fitters
Structural
Upper Floors
Stadiums
Storage and Supply Rooms
Storehouses:
Aircraft
Ammunition (one story)
Cold Storage:
First Floor
Upper Floor
Dry Provisions
Fuse and Detonator ( 1 story)
General:
First Floor
Second Floor
Third Floor
Above Third Floor
TABLE 1.04-C
LIVE LOADS FOR SPECIAL OCCUPANCY
M A T E R I A L
Section 1.05: Roof Loads
(a)
General. Roof shall sustain, within stress limitations of this code all "dead loads" plus unit
"live loads" as set forth in Table No. 1.05-A. The live loads shall be assumed to act vertically upon the
area projected upon a horizontal plane.
(b) Unbalanced Loading. Unbalanced loads shall be used where such loading will result in larger
members of connections. Trusses and arches shall be designed to resist stresses caused by unit live loads
on one-half of the span if such loading results in reverse stresses, or stresses greater in any portion thatn
the streamer produced by the required unit live load upon the entire span. For roofs whose structure is
composed of a stressed shell, frmaed or solid, wherein stresses caused by any point loading are
distributed throughout the area of the shell, the requirements for unbalanced unti live load design may be
reduced 50 per cent.
(c)
Special-purpose roofs. Roofs to be used for special purposes shall be designed for
appropriate loads as approved by the Building Official.
Greenhouses, Iath houses, residential patio structures and agricultural building shall be designed for
a vertical live load of not less than 50 kilograms per square meter (10 pounds per square foot).
(d)
Water Accumulation. All roofs shall be designed with sufficient slope or camber to assure
adequate drainage after the long-time deflection from dead load or shall be designed to support
maximum loads including possible ponding of water due to deflection. See Section 1.07 for deflection
criteria.
TABLE NO. 1.05-A
MAXIMUM ROOF LIVE LOADS
TRIBUTARY LOADED AREA FOR ANY STRUCTURAL MEMBER
Section 1.06: Reduction of Live Loads
The following reductions in unit live loads as set forth in Tables 1.04-A, 1.04-B and 1.04-C for
floors, shall be permitted in the design of columns, piers, walls, foundations, trusses, beams, and flat
slabs.
Except for places of public assembly, and except for live loads greater than 500 kilograms per square
meter (100 pounds per square foot) the design live load on any member supporting fourteen square
meters (one hundred and fifty square feet) or more may be reduced at the rate of 0.40% per square meter
(0.08% per square foot) of area supported by the member. The reduction shall not exceed 60 percent nor
"R" as determined by the following formula:
R = 23.1 ( 1 + D ) x 100
L
Where:
or
R = ( D + L ) x 100 D
4.33 L
L
R = Reduction in percent
D = Dead Load per unit area supported by the member.
L = Live Load per unit area supported by the member.
For storage live loads exceeding 500 kilograms per square meter (100 pounds per square foot), no
reduction shall be made except that design live loads on columns may be reduced 20 percent.
This live load reduction shall not exceed 40 per cent in garage for the storage of private pleasure cars
having a capacity of not more than nine passengers per vehicle.
Section 1.07: Deflection
The deflection of any structural member shall not exceed the values set forth in Table No. 1.07-A,
based upon the factors set forth in Table No. 1.07-B. The deflection criteria representing the most
restrictive condition shall apply. Deflection criteria for materials not specified shall be developed in a
manner consistent with the provisions of this Section. See Section 1.05 (d) for camber requirements.
TABLE 1.07 - A
MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE DEFLECTION
FOR STRUCTURAL MEMBERS ¹
MEMBER LOADED
MEMBER LOADED
TYPE OF MEMBER
WITH L.L. ONLY
WITH L.L. + D.L.
Roof Member Supporting
Plaster or Floor Member
L/360
L/240
¹ Sufficient slope or camber shall be provided for flat roofs in accordance with Section 1.05 (d).
L.L.
D.L.
K =
L =
= Live Load
= Dead Load
Factor as determined by Table No. 1.05-A
Length of member in same units as deflection
Section 1.08: Live Loads Posted
The live loads for which each floor or part thereof of a commercial or industrial building is or has
been designed shall have such designed live loads conspicuously posted by the owner in that part of each
storey in which they apply, using durable metal signs, and it shall be unlawful to remove or deface such
notices. The occupant of the building shall be responsible for keeping the actual load below the
allowable limits.
Section 1.09: Retaining Walls
Retaining walls shall be designed to resist the lateral pressure in accordance with accepted
engineering practice. Walls retaining drained earth may be designed for pressure equivalent to that
exerted by a fluid weighing not less than 30 pounds per cubic foot and having a depth equal to that of the
retained earth. Any surcharge shall be in addition to the equivalent fluid pressure.
Section 1.11: Walls and Structural Framing
(a) General. Walls and structural framing shall be erected true and plumb in accordance with the
design. Bracing shall be placed during rection wherever necessary to take care of all loads to which the
structure may be subjected.
TABLE 1.11 - A
SHAPE FACTORS FOR RADIO TOWERS
AND TRUSSED TOWERS
TYPE OF EXPOSURE
FACTOR
Wind normal to one face of tower
Four-cornered, flat or angular section, steel or wood
Three-cornered, flat or angular section, steel or wood
Wind on corner, Four-cornered tower, flat or angular sections
Wind parallel to one face of three-cornered tower,
flat or angular sections
2.20
2.20
2.40
1.50
Factors for towers with cylindrical elements are approximately
two-thirds of those for similar towers with
flat or angular sections
Wind on individual members
Cylindrical members
Two inches or less in diameter
Over two inches in diameter
Flat or angular sections
1.00
0.80
1.30
(b)
Interior Walls. Interior walls, permanent partitions, and temporary partitions which exceed
three-fourth of the height of the room in which they are placed shall be designed to resist all loads to
which they are subjected but not less than a force of 10 pounds per square foot applied perpendicular to
the walls. The deflection of such walls under a load of five pounds per square foot shall not exceed
1/240 of the span for wals with little finishes and 1/120 of the span for walls with flexible finishes. See
Table No. 1.07-A for earthquake design requirements where such requirements are more restrictive.
Section 1.12: Anchorage
Concrete or masonry walls shall be anchored to all floors and roofs which provide lateral support for
the wall or are required to provide stability for the wall. Such anchorage shall be capable of resisting the
horizontal forces specified in this Chapter or a minimum force of 200 pounds per linear foot of wall,
whichever is the larger. Required anchor in masonry walls of hollow units or cavity walls shall enter a
reinforced grouted structural element of the wall.
Section 1.13: Heliport and Helistop Landing Areas
In addition to other design requirements of this Chapter, heliport and helistop landing or touchdown
areas shall be designed for the maximum stress induced by the following:
1. Dead load plus actual weight of the helicopter.
2.
Dead load plus a single concentrated impact load covering one square foot (1 sq. ft.) of
.75 times the fully loaded weight of the helicopter if it is equipped with hydraulic type
shock absorvers, or 1.5 times the fully loaded weight of the helicopter if it is equipped
with a rigid or skid type landing gear.
3.
The dead load plus a uniform live load of 100 pounds per square foot. The required live
load may be reduced in accordance with the formula in Section 1.06.
CHAPTER 2
LATERAL FORCES
Section 2.01: Earthquake Forces
(a) General. These lateral force requirements are intended to provide minimum standards as design
criteria toward making buildings and other structures earthquake resistant. The provisions of this
Section apply to the structures as a unit and also to all parts thereof, including the structural frame or
walls, floor and roof systems, an other structural features.
The provisions incorporated in this Section are general and, in specific cases, may be interpreted as
to detail in order that the intent shll be fulfilled.
Every building or structure and every portion thereof, except Types I and II buildings of Group A
occupancy which are less than 7.5 meters (25 feet) in height, and minor accessory buildings, shall be
designed and constructed to resist stresses produced by lateral forces as provided in this Section.
Stresses shall be calculated as the effect of a force applied horizontally at each floor or roof level above
the foundation. The force shall be assumed to come from any horizontal direction.
(d) Minimum Earthquake Forces for Structure
1. Total lateral force and distribution of lateral forces. Every structure shall be designed and
constructed to withstand minimum lateral seismic forces assumed to act non-currently in the direction of
each of the main axes of the structure in accordance with the following formula:
The value of K shall be not less than that exhibited in Table 2.01-A. The value of C shall be
determined to accordance with the following formula:
TABLE 2.01 - A
HORIZONTAL FORCE FACTOR K FOR BUILDINGS
OR OTHER STRUCTURES 1
TYPE OR ARRANGEMENT OF RESISTING ELEMENTS
VALUE OF K2
All building framing systems except as hereinafter classified.
1.00
Buildings with a box system as defined in Section 2.01 (b)
1.33
Buildings with a dual bracing system consisting of a ductile moment
resisting force in accordance with their relative rigidities considering
with the following criteria:
1. The frames and shear walls shall resist the total
lateral force in accordance with their relative rigidities considering
the interaction of the shear walls and frames.
0.80
2. The shear walls acting independently of the ductile
moment resisting frames shall resist the total required lateral force.
3. The ductile moment resisting space frame shall have
the capacity to resist not less than 25 per cent of the required
lateral force.
Buildings with a ductile moment resisting space frame designed in
accordance with the following criteria. The ductile moment
resisting space frames shall have the capacity to resist the
total required lateral force.
0.67
Elevated tanks plus full contents, on four or more cross-braced legs
and not supported by a building, 3, 4, 5.
3.00
Structures other than buildings and other than those set forth
in Table 2.01-B.
2.00
1
Where prescribed wind loads produce higher stresses, these loads shall be used in lieu of the loads
resulting from earthquake forces.
2
The coefficient may be modified by the Building Official upon advice of seismologists and
structureal engineers specializing in seismic design.
3
The minimum values of KC shall be 0.12 and the maximum value of KC need not exceed 0.25.
4
For overturning, the factor J as set forth in Section 2.01 (h) shall be 1.00.
5
The torsional requirements of Section 2.01 (g) shall apply.
TABLE 2.01 - B
HORIZONTAL FACTOR Cp FOR PARTS OR PORTIONS
OF BUILDINGS OR OTHER STRUCTURES
PART OR PORTION OF BUILDINGS
of Force
Direction
Exterior bearing and non-bearing walls, interior
bearing walls and partitions interior non-bearing
walls and partitions over 3 meters (10 feet) in
height, masonry fences over 1.80 meters (6 feet)
in height
Cantilever parapet and other cantilever walls,
except retaining walls
Value of Cp
Normal to flat
surface
surface
Normal to flat
1.00
Exterior and interior ornamentations and appendages
Any direction
When connected to, part of, or housed within a building;
towers, tanks, towers and tanks plus contents,
storage racks over 6 feet in height plus contents,
Any direction
chimneys, smoke stacks and penthouses
When resisting on the ground; tank plus effective
mass of its contents
Any direction
0.10
Suspended ceiling forming 3 (applies to Seismic
Zones 2 and 3 only)
Any direction
0.20
Floors and roofs acting as diaphragms2
0.20
1.00
0.20
Any direction
0.10
Connections for exterior panels or elements
complying with Section 2.01 "K" - 5
Any direction
Section 2.05: Earthquake Recording Instrumentation
2.00
(1) General. Every building over six stories in height with an aggregate floor area of 6,000 square
meters (60,000 square feet) or more, and every building over 10 stories in height regardless of floor area,
shall be provided with not less than three approved recording accellorgraphs.
(2) Location. The instruments shall be located in the basement, midportion, and near the top of the
building. Each instrument shall be located in an accessible position.
(3) Maintenance. Maintenance and service of the instruments shall be provided by the owner of the
building subject to the approval of the Building Official. Data produced by the instruments shall be
made available to the Building Official upon his request.
Section 2.06: Wind Pressure
(a) General. Buildings or structures shall be designed to withstand the minimum horizontal and
uplift pressure set forth in Fig. 2.06-B to G and this Section allowing for wind from any direction. the
wind pressure set forth in Figs. 2.06-B to G are minimum values and shall be adjusted by the Building
Officials for areas subject to higher wind pressures. Whent he form factor, as detrmined by the wind
tunnel tests or other recognized methods indicates vertical or horizontal loads of lesser or greater
severity than those produced by the loads herein specified, the structure may be designed accordingly.
Section 3.04: Allowable Unit Stresses
(a) Allowable Uni Stress on Plans. Where structures are designed for use of stress grade lumber,
structural glued-laminated, for plywood used structurally, the allowable unit stresses for the species and
the grade shall be shown on the plans filed with the Building Department.
(b) Stresses.
1. General
Except as hereinafter provided, stresses shall not exceed the allowable unit
stresses in pounds per square inch for the respective species and grade in Table
3.04 (b). Grading for wood shall be as per Table 3.04 (A).
For modification of allowable unit stresses for structural glued-laminated lumber,
see also Table 3.04 (C). When the wide face of the lamination is parallel to the
direction of the load and the beam is composed of not less than three laminations,
115 per cent of the bending stresses as set forth in Table No. 3.04 (B) shall apply.
The allowable unit stresses as set forth in Table 3.04 (B) apply to lumber, to
structural glued-laminated lumber and to exterior type plywood that have been
pressure impregnated by an approved preservative.
Studs, joists, rafters, foundation plates or sills, planking 5 cm. (2 inches) or more
than in depth, beams, stingers, posts, structural sheathing and similar load bearing
members shall be of grades set forth in Table No. 3.04 (C) in the species
sepcifically approved by the Building Official.
2. Stresses in poles or piles used as Structural Members. Induced stresses in
pounds per square inch for normal loading of round poles or piles when used as
structural members, except modulus of elasticity which shall be the same as for
sawn lumber, shall not exceed 60 percent of the basic unit working stresses for the
species as set forth in Table No. 3.04 (B) and the pieces shall meet the
requirement of N.S.E.C. Standard No. 25-13-67 for poles or N.S.E.C. Standard
No. 25-14-67 for piles.
TABLE 3.04 (A)
LIMIT OF DEFECTS BY GRADE INJOISTS AND PLANKS
KIND OF DEFECTS
Stress Grade
80%
67%
Stress Grade
56%
Stress Grade
A. NATURAL DEFECTS
1. Worm holes, average diameter
(maximum allowable size in
inches)
a. Individual
b. Quantiry limitation
2. Slope of Grain
(Maximum variation in
inches from longitudinal
axis per 12 inches within
middle half of length)
Not permitted
Not permitted
3/4
1/15
1/4
Not clustered
Not clustered
1
1-1/4
3. Checks and shakes
a. Size of each check and
shake, or if in combination,
the sum of the sizes of all
checks and shakes within
middle half of depth of the
1/4
piece shall not exceed:
of thickness
b. End penetration:
Checks splits at the
middle half of the depth
of the piece shall not extend
1/4
a distance grater than:
of thickness
Knots (Maximum
allowable size of
individual knot in
inches)*
Nominal width of
face, in inches
1/4
3/8
of thickness
of thickness
1/4
3/8
of thickness
of thickness
Narrow Along
Narrow Along
Narrow Along
face on center
face on center
face on center
edge of line of
edge of line of edge of line of
wide
wide
wide
wide
wide
wide
face
face
face
face
face
face
within
within
within
the
the
the
third of
third of
third of
length
length
length
of piece
of piece
of piece
TABLE 3.04 (A)
LIMIT OF DEFECTS BY GRADE IN JOISTS AND PLANKS
Stress Grade
KIND OF DEFECTS
2
3
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18 and over
Stress Grade
80%
Stress Grade
67%
56%
¼
¼ 1¼
¾
½ ¾
¾ 1½
1
¾ 1
1 2
1½ 1½
1 1¼
1¼ 2½
2 2
1¼ 1½
1¾ 3¼
2½ 2½
1-3/8 2
2 3¾
2¾ 3
1½ 2¼
2¼ 4
3¼ 4
1¾ 2½
2½ 4
3½ 4½
1-7/8 2¾
2¾ 4
3¾ 5
2 3
3
4 5
2
3
4 5
B. HANDLING,
MANUFACTURE OR
PROCESSING DEFECTS
1. Wane (maximum
allowable size in
inches) Nominal
face dimension
in inches
2
3
4
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18 and over
1/8
1/8
¼
¼
3/8
½
5/8
¾
7/8
1
2. Torn grain
(allowable depth
in inches)
½
½
5/8
5/8
¾
7/8
1
1-1/8
1½
1¾
1¼
1-1/6
½
½
5/8
5/8
¾
1
1¼
1½
1¾
2
2
2¼
2
2¼
3. Skips, allowable size,
in inches, not to
exceed
surface area
(width x
length)
with x 4
width x 4
width x 4
Depth
1/32
1/16
1/8
Quantity
1 skip per 16 ft
1 skip per 16 ft
1 skip per 16 ft
or shorter
or shorter
or shorter
length 8
length
length
* The size of knots on the narrow face within the middle third of length may be increased
proportionately towards the ends of the piece to twice the size permitted on the narrow face, but not to
exceed that allowable along the center line of the wide face. The size of knots on the edge of wide face
within the middle third of length may be increased proportionately towards the center along the center
line of the wide face. The sum of the sizes of all knots in any 6 inches of length of the piece shall not
exceed twice the maximum permissible size of knots. Two knots of maximum Cluster knots and knots
in groups shall not be permitted.
TABLE NO. 3.04 (C)
WORKING STRESSES FOR TANGILE AND RED LAUAN
TO BE USED FOR DESIGN OF GLUED LAMINATED STRUCTURES
80% Grade
67 Grade
________________________________________________
Tangile
Red Lauan
Tangile
Red Lauan
Extreme Fiber stress, bending, psi
2240
1900
1900
1600
Modulus of Elasticity, bending x 103, psi
1320
1180
1250
1120
Shear Parallel to Grain, psi
150
132
150
132
Compression Parallel to Grain, psi
1250
1000
1050
850
Comp, Perpendicular to Grain, psi
300
250
240
200
For wet conditions of use, the following maximum percentages of Dry-Use stress shall be permitted:
f (bending) and t (tension), 80%
v (horizontal shear) and E (Modulus of Elasticity), 90%
fp (compression parallel to grain) and fp (perpendicular to grain), 70%
TABLE NO. 3.04 (D)
GROUPING OF SPECIES FOR DETERMINING
ALLOWABLE LOADS FOR TIMBER JOINTS
Specie
Specific
Gravity
Specie
Specific
Gravity
Specific
Specie
Malabayabas
0.87
Dalanghita
0.62
Tiaong
Dungon
.81
Dao
.62
Bagtikan .43
Yakal
.74
Narig
.62
Almaciga .42
Binggas
.72
Toog
.61
Almon
.41
Ipil
.68
Kamagong
.57
Tangile .37
Malaguijo
.71
Dangkalan
.59
Manggasinoro .37
Molave
.66
Pahutan
.55
Red Lauan .36
Guijo
.65
Apitong
.55
White Lauan .36
Manggachapul
.65
Mahogany
.54
Mayapis .35
Malugi
.52
Vidal Lanutan
.51
Narra
.50
Palosapis
.48
Gravity
0.44
Section 3.07: Vertical Members or Assemblies
(a) Column or Posts. All wood columns and posts shall be framed to true and bearings; shall extend
down to supports of such design as to hold the column or post securely in poisiton and to protect its base
from deterioration; and shall be supported in basement or cellars by piers projecting at least 5
centimeters (2 inches) and above the finished floor and separated therefrom by an approved metal
barrier, or when pressure-impregnated timber is used, it may be placed directly on concrete or masonry.
Untreated wood column in basement of cellars, when built into masonry portions or walls, shall be
exposed on at least two sides.
(b) Stud walls and Bearing Partitions.
1.
Placing.
Studs in walls and partitions may be placed with their wide faces
parallel to the wall or partition, provided the studs are considered as columns and
are designed accordingly. Stud walls shall have top and bottom plates to develop
allowable bearing stresses perpendicular to the grain.
2.
Size. Except as otherwise provided, exterior stud walls and bearing partitions
for buildings of two stories or less shall consist of not less than 5 centimeters by
10 centimeters (2 inches by 4 inches) studs; for buildings of three stories, the
studding shall be not less than 7.5 centimeters by 10 centimeters (3 inches by 4
inches) to the bottom of the second floor joists, and 5 centimeters by 10
centimeters (2 inches by 4 inches) for the two upper stories.
3.
Height. Unless supported laterally by adequate framing, the maximum allowable
height shall be:
3.0 meter (10 feet) for 5.0 cm. x 5 cm. (2 in. x 4 in.) stud framing
4.2 meter (14 feet) for 10.0 cm. x 7.5 cm. (2 in. x 5 in.) stud framing
4.8 meter (16 feet) for 7.5 cm. x 10.0 cm. (2 in. x 5 in.) stud framing
6.0 meter (20 feet) for 5.0 cm. x 15.0 cm. (2 in. x 6 in.) stud framing
4.
Spacing. Except for one-storey detached buildings of Group J Occupancy,
where 60 centimeters (24 inches) spacing may be used, no studding shall be
spaced more than 40 centimeters (16 inches) on centers unless vertical supporting
members in the walls are designed as columns, or such walls may be constructed
of not less than 10 cm. x 10 cm. (4 in. x 4 in.) posts spaced not more than 1.60
meters (5.4 feet) on centers or of larger members designed as required in this
Chapter, or may be of post and beam framing with plank sheathing not less than
3.8 millimeters (1.5 inches) thick.
5.
Corners and bracing. Angles or corners where stud walls or partitions meet shall
be framed solid. All exterior walls and main cross stud partitions shall be
effectively and thoroughly braced or sheathed with approved panels adequately
nailed along all edges.
6.
Pipes in walls. Stud partitions containing plumbing, heating or other pipes shall be
so framed and the joists underneath so spaced as to give proper clearance for the
piping. Where a partition containing such piping runs parallel to the floor joists,
the joists underneath such partitions shall be doubled and spaced to permit the
passage of such pipes and shall be bridged. Where plumbing, heating, or other
pipes are placed in or partly in a partition, necessitating the cutting-in of the soles
or plates, a metal tie not less than 3 millimeters (1/8 inch) thick and 3.8
millimeters (1.5 inches) wide shall be fastened to the plate across and to each side
of the opening with not less than four 3½ inches long nails.
7.
Separations from Chimneys. Combustible materials shall not be placed within 5
centimeters (2 inches) from smoke chamber walls or masonry chimney walls
when built within a structure, or within 2.5 centimeters (1 inch) when the chimney
is built entirely outside the structure.
8.
Top plates.In bearing partitions the top plate shall be double and lapped at each
intersection with walls or partitions. Joints in ghe upper and lower members of
the top plates shall be staggered not less than 1.20 meters (4 feet).
9.
Foundation plates. Stud walls resting on masonry or concrete shall have
foundation plates or sills as provided in Sections 7.06 (e) and 3.07 (b).
10.
Foundation studs. Foundation studs shall be not less than the studding above with
a minimum of length of 35 centimeters (14 inches). When exceeding 1.20 meters
(4 feet) in height, studs shall be of the size required for an additional storey.
Foundation studs under bearing walls and partitions shall be thoroughly and
effectively braced.
11.
Brdiging. All stud partitions or walls over 3.0 meters (10 feet) in height shall
have bridging, not less than 5 centimeters (2 inches) in thickness and of the same
width as the stud, fitted snugly and spiked into the studs at their mid-height, or
other means for giving adequate lateral support to the studs. Bridging meeting the
requirements of Section 3.08 may serve as required firestopping.
12.
Headers. All openings 1.20 wide or less in bearing walls shall be provided with
headers equivalent to double headers not less than 5 centimeters (2 inches) thick,
places on edge, securely fastened together and all openings more than 1.20 meters
(4 feet) wide shall be trussed or provided with headers or lintels. Such headers or
trusses shall have not less than 5 centimeters (2 inches) solid bearing at each end
to the floor or bottom plate, unless other approved framing methods or joint
devices are used.
(c)
Walls without studs. Detached one-storey building of Group J Occupancy
may have exterior walls framed without studs when of vertical 5
centimeters (2 inches) thicker planks, or when having a total floor area of
not more than 45 square meters (500 square feet) may be of vertical one
inch boards and battens.
(d)
Laminated Walls and Partitions.
Walls and partitions may be of
laminated construction of not less than 10 centimeters (4 times) nominal
thickness, with the structural assembly designed to support all loads.
(e)
Interior Walls and Partitions.
Interior partitions shall be constructed,
framed, and firestopped as specified for exterior walls, except that interior
nonbearing partitions may have a single top plate. In group I Occupancy
nonbearing partitions constructed of 5 centimeters x 7.5 centimeters (2
inches x 3 inches) studs spaced 40 centimeters (16 inches) on center may
be used.
Where wood-frame walls and partitions are covered on the interior with plaster,
tile, or similar materials and are subject to water splash, the framing shall be
protected with 15-pound asphalt-saturated felt.
Section 3.08: Firestops
Firestopping shall be provided to cut off all concealed draft openings (both vertical and horizontal),
and form an effective barrier between storeys, and between a top storey and roof space. It shall be used
in specific locations, as follows:
1. In exterior or interior stud walls, at ceiling and floor levels.
2.
In all stud walls and partitions, including furred spaces, so placed that the maximum
dimension of any concealed space is not over 2.4 meters (8 feet).
3.
Between stair stringers at least once in the middle portion of each run, at top and bottom,
and between studs, along and in line with run of stair adjoining stud walls and partitions.
4.
Around top, bottom, sides, and ends of sliding door pockets.
5.
In spaces between chimneys and wood framing, loose incombustible materials shall be
placed in incombustible supports, or a metal color tightly fitted to the chimney and nailed
to the wood framing may be used.
Section 4.02: Types of Construction
(a) Three basic types of construction and associated design assumptions are permissible under
the respective conditions stated herein after, and each will govern in a specific manner the size of
members and the types and strength of their conditions.
(b)Type 1, commonly designed as "rigid-frame" (continuous frame), assumes that beam-to column
connections have sufficient rigidity to hold virtually unchanged the original angles between intersecting
members.
(c) Type 2, commonly designed as "conventional" or "simple" framing (unrestrained, free-ended),
assumed that insofar as gravity loading is concerned, the ends of beams and girders are connected for
shear only, and are free to rotate under gravity load.
(d) Type 3, commonly designed as "semi-rigid framing" (partially restrained), assumes that the
connections of beams and girders possess a dependable and known moment capacity intermediate in
degree between the complete rigidity of Type 1 and the complete flexibility of Type 2.
(e) The design of all connections shall be consistent with the assumptions as to type of construction
called for on the design drawings.
(f) Type 1 construction is unconditionally permitted under this Code. Two different methods of
design are recognized. Within the limitation laid down in Section 4.27, members of continuous frames,
or continuous portions of frames may be proportioned, on the basis of their maximum predictable
strength, to resist the specified design loads multiplied by the prescribed load factors, otherwise Type 1
construction shall be designed, within the limitations of Section 4.05, to resist the stresses produced by
the specified design loads, assuming moment distribution in accordance with elastic theory.
(g) Type 2 construction is permitted under this Code, subject to the stipulations of the following
paragraph wherever applicable.
(h) In ties buildings, designed in general as Type 2 construction (that is, with beam-to column
connections other than wind connections assumed flexible under gravity loading) the distribution of the
wind moments between selected-joints of the frame may be made by a recognized empirical method
provided that:
1.
The connection and connected member have the capacity to resist the wind
moments.
2.
The girder is adequate to carry the full gravity load as a "simple beam."
3.
The connection has adequate inelastic rotation capacity to avoid overstress of the
fasteners or welds under combined gravity and wind loading.
(i) Type 3 (semi-rigid) construction will be permitted only upon evidence that the connections to be
used are capable of furnishing, as a minimum, a predictable proportion of full and restrained. The
proportioning of main members joined by such connections shall be predicted upon no greater degree of
end restraint than this minimum.
(j) Type 2 and 3 construction may necessitate some non-elastic but self-limiting deformation of the
structural steel part.
Section 4.03: Loads and Forces
Dead Load.
(a)
The dead load to be assumed in design shall consist of the weight of steelwork and all
material permanently fastened thereto or supported thereby.
Live Load.
(a)
The live load shall be that stipulated by the Code under which the structure is being
designed or that dictated by the conditions involved.
Impact.
(a)
For structures carrying live loads which induce impact, the assumed live load shall be
increased sufficiently to provide for same.
(b)
If not otherwise specified, the increase shall be
For supports of elevators............................................... 100 per cent
For travelling crane support
griders and their connection ............................. 25 per cent
For supports of light machinery shaft
or motor driven not less than............................
For support of reciprocating machinery
or power driver units not less than...................
For hangers supporting floors
and balconies....................................................
20 per cent
50 per cent
33 per cent
Crane Runway Horizontal Forces.
(a)
The lateral force on crane runway to provide for the effect of moving crane trolleys shall,
if not otherwise specified, be 20 percent of the sum of the weights of the lifted load and
of the crane trolley (but exclusive of other parts of the crane), applied at the top of rail,
one-half on each side of the runway; and shll be considered as acting in either direction
normal to the runway rail.
(b)
The longitudinal force shall, if not otherwise specified, be taken as 10 percent of the
maximum wheel loads of the crane applied at the top of rail.
Wind.
(a)
Proper provisions shall be made for stresses caused by wind both during erection and
after completion of the building.
Other forces.
(a)
Structural localities subject to earthquakes, hurricanes and other extraordinary conditions
shall be designed with due regard for such conditions.
Minimum Loads.
(a)
In the absence of any applicable building Code requirements, the loads referred to in
Section 4.03 above shall be not less than those recommended in the American Standard
Building Ccode Requirements for Minimum Design, Loads in Building and other
Structures, ASA A58, 1, latest edition.
Section 5.03: Materials
(a) Quality. The quality of the materials used in concrete and the quality of concrete shall conform
to the physical and chemical properties as specified in this Chapter, and to the following standards:
MATERIALS
ASTM DESIGNATION
PORTLAND CEMENT
Portland Cement.................................................................................
Portland Blast Furnace Slag Cement..................................................
Portland Puzzolan Cement.................................................................
AGGREGATES
C150 or C175
C205
C340
Concrete.............................................................................................
Lightweight, for Structural Concrete.................................................
C33
C330
METAL REINFORCEMENT
Steel Bars............................................................................................
Prestressed Steel Strand......................................................................
Prestressed Steel Wire.........................................................................
Steel Bar Mats.....................................................................................
Welded Steel Wire Fabric....................................................................
A615
A416
A421
A184
A185
ADMIXTURES
Admixtures...........................................................................................
C260
CONCRETE COMPRESSION
AND FLEXURE TEST SPECIMENS
Making and Curing - in the Field.........................................................
Test for Compressive Strength............................................................
Making and Curing - in the Laboratory................................................
Splitting Tensile Strength.....................................................................
C31
C39
C192
C496
READY-MIXED CONCRETE........................................................................
C94
(b) Portland Cement. Portland shall conform to ASTM C150. If provisions are made for sufficient
damp curing of the concrete in the structure to develop a compressive stength at least equal to that of
concrete containing cement conforming to the first paragraph, portland type cements which conform to
the following standards may be used: ASTM C205 or C340.
(c) Concrete Aggregate.
Concrete aggregate shall conform to ASTM specification C33 or C330,
except that aggregates failing to meet these specifications but which have been shown by special test or
actual service to produce concrete of adequate strength and durability may be used under Section 5.04
(c), Method 2, where authorized by the Engineer.
Except as permitted elsewhere in this Chapter, the maximum size of the aggregate shall be not lesser
than one-fifth of the narrowest dimension between sides of the forms of the member of which the
concrete is to be used nor larger than three-fourths of the minimum clear spacing between individual
reinforcing bars or bundles or bars.
(d) Water. Water used in mixing concrete shall be clean and free from injurious amounts of oils,
acids, alkalis, salts, organic materials, or other substances that may be deleterious to concrete or steel.
Mortar cubes made with nonpotable mixing water shall have 7-day and 28-day strengths equal to at least
90 per cent of the strenths of similar speciments made with potable water.
(e) Metal Reinforcement.
Reinforcing bars shall conform to ASTM Specification A615.
If reinforcing bars are to be welded these specifications shll be supplemented by requirements
assuring satisfactory weldability.
Bar and rod mats for concrete reinforcement shall conform to ASTM Specification A184.
Wire for concrete reinforcement shall conform to ASTM Specification A82.
Welder wire fabric for concrete reinforcement shall conform to ASTM Specification A185 except
that the weld shear strength requirement of those specifications shall be extended to include a wire size
differential up to and including six gauges.
Wire and strands for prestressed concrete shall conform to ASTM Specifications A421 and A416.
Structural steel shall conform to ASTM Specification A26.
Steel pipe for concrete-filled pipe columns shall conform to Grade B of ASTM Specification A53.
Cast-iron for composite columns shall conform to ASTM Specification A377.
(f) Admixtures.
Admixtures, if used, shall conform to ASTM Specification C494.
(g) Storage of Materials.
Cement and aggregate shall be stored in such a manner as to prevent
their deterioration or the intrusion of foreign matter. Any material which has deterioarated or which has
been damaged shall not be used for concrete.
Section 5.04: Concrete Quality
(a) Notations. The notations used in these regulations are defined as follows:
fc = compressive strength of concrete (See Section 5.02)
Fsp= ratio of splitting tensile strength to the square root of compressive strength.
(Table 5.04-A)
(b) Concrete Quality. For the design of reinforced concrete structures, the value of fc shall be used
in determining stresses in Section 5.09 to Section 513 and strengths in Section 5.14 to Section 5.18.
All plans submitted for approval or used for any project shall clearly show the specified strength f c
of concrete at the specified age for which each part of the structure was designed.
Concrete that will be exposed to sulfate-containing or other chemically aggressive solutions shall be
proportioned in accordance with ACI Standard 613 and 613A.
(c) Methods of Determining the Proportions of Concrete. The determination of the proportions of
cement, aggregate, and water to attain the required strengths shall be made by one of the following
methods, but lower water-cement ratios may be required for conformance with Section 5.04(b).
Method 1. Without preliminary tests.
Where preliminary test data on the materials to be used in the concrete have not
been obtained, the water-cement ratio for a given strength of concrete shall not
exceed the values shown in Table No. 5.04-A. when strength in excess of 210
kilograms per square centimeter (3000 pounds per square inch) are required or
when light-weight aggregates or admixtures (other than those exclusively for the
purpose of entraining air) are used, the required water-cement ratio shall be
determined in accordance with Method 2.
Method 2. For combination of materials previously evaluated or to be established by trial
mixture.
Water-cement ratios or stengths greater than shown in Table 5.04-A may be used
provided that the relationship between strength and water-cement ratio for the
materials to be used has been previously established by reliable test data and the
resulting concrete satisfies the requirements of Section 5.04(e).
Where previous data are not available, concrete trial mixtures having proportions
and consistency suitable for the work shall be made using at least three different
water-cement ratios (or cement content in the case of lightweight aggregates)
which will produce a range of strength encompassing those required for the work.
For each water-cement ratio (or cement content), least three specimens for each
age to be tested shall be made, cured and tested for strength in accordance with
ASTM Specifications C39 and C192.
The strength tests shall be made at 28 days or the earlier age at which the concrete
is to receive load, as indicated on the plans. A curve shall be established showing
the relationship between water-cement ratio (or cement content) and compressive
strength. The maximum permissible water-cement ratio for the concrete to be
used in the structure shall be that shown by the curbe to produce an average
strength to satisfy the requirements of Section 5.04 (e) provided that the watercement ratio shall be no greater than that required by Section 5.04 (b).
Where different materials are to be used for different portions of the work, each
combination shall be evaluated separately.
TABLE 5.04 - A
MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE WATER-CEMENT RATIOS
FOR CONCRETE (METHOD 1)¹
MAXIMUM PREMISSIBLE WATER-CEMENT RATIO2
__________________________________________________________________________________________
SPECIFIED
NON-AIR ENTRAINED
AIR-ENTRAINED
COMPRESSIVE
CONCRETE
CONCRETE
STRENGTH AT
28 DAYS, PS I
U.S. Gal. Per
Absolute U.S. Gal. Per
Ratio
94-lb. Bag of
Ratio 94-lb. Bag of
Absolute
fC
Cement
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
7-½
7-½
6-¾
5-¾
5
by Weight
0.663
0.642
0.576
0.510
0.443
Cement
4
by Weight
7
0.620
6-¼
0.554
5-¼
0.465
4-½
0.399
0.354
¹The minimum cement content shall be no less than five bags per cubic yard (a bag weighing not less
than 94 pounds) unless the mix is designed in accordance with the provisions of Method 2 of Section
5.04(c).
2
Including free surface moisture on aggregate.
(d) Concrete Proportions and Consistency. The proportions of aggregate to cement for any concrete
shall be such as to produce a mixture which will work readily into the corners and angles of the forms
and around reinforcement with the method of placing employed on the work, but without permitting the
materials to segregate or excess free water to collect on the surface.
The methods of measuring concrete materials shall be such that the proportions can be accurately
controlled and easily checked at any time during the work.
(e) Strength Tests of Concrete. Tests of concrete shall be required for all concrete having an
ultimate compressive strength in excess of 140 kilograms per square centimeter (2000 pounds per square
inch). On other concrete work, tests may be required for the concrete and other materials from time to
time to determine whether wuch materials or methods of use are such as to produce concrete of the
quality specified and used in accordance with the design of the building or structure. When tests are
required, each class of concrete shall be represented by at least five tests (10 speciments). Two
specimens shall be made for each 100 cubic meters (130 for each day's concreting. The required number
of tests may be modified for jobs involving less than 100 cubic meters (130 cubic yards). All such tests
shll be made by an approved agency, and copies of the results shall be submitted to the Owner or his
duly authorized representative. Speciment for concrete cylinder tests shall be taken at the place where
the concrete is being deposited and shall be taken and cured in accordance wtih the requirements set
forth in ASTM Specification C31 and tested in accordance with the requirements set for in ASTM
Specification C39. samples from which compression test specimens are molded shall be secured in
accordance with or as a basis for acceptance of concrete shall be made and laboratry-cured in accordance
with ASTM Specification C31. Additional test specimens cured entirely under field conditions may be
required to check the adequacy of curing and protection of the concrete. Strength tests shall be made in
accordance with ASTM Specification C39.
The age for strength tests shall be 28 days or, where specified, the earlier age at which the concrete is
to receive its full load or maximum stress. Additonal tests may be made at earlier ages to obtain advance
information on the adequacy of strength development where age-strength relationships have been
established for the materials and proportions used.
To conform to the requirements of this chapter:
1. For structures designed in accordance with the working stress design mehtod of the chapter,
the average of any five consecutive strength tests of the laboratory-cured speciments representing
each class of concrete shall be equal to or greater than the specified strength, fc, and not more
than 20 per cent of the strength tests shall have values less than the specified strength.
2. For structures designed in accordance with the ultimate strength design method of this
chapter, and for pre-stressed structures the average of any three consecutive strength tests of the
laboratory-cured speciments representing each class of concrete shall be equal to or greater than
the specified strength, fc, and not more than 10 per cent of the strength tests shall have values
less than the specified strength.
When it appears that the laboratory-cured speciments will fail to conform to the requirements for
strength, theEngineer shall have the right to order changes in the concrete sufficient to increase the
strength to meet these requirements. the strengths of any specimens cured on the job are intended to
indicate the adequacy of protection and curing of the concrete and may be used to determine when the
forms may be stripped, shoring removed, or the structure placed in service. When, in the opinion of the
Engineer, the strengths of the job-cured specimens, the contractor may be required to improve the
procedures herein or when tests of field-cured cylinders indicate deficiencies in protection and curing,
the Engineer may require tests in accordance with ASTM Specification C42 or order load tests as
outlines in Section 5.31for that portion of the structure where the questionable concrete has been placed.
(f) Splitting Tensile Tests of Concrete.
To determine the splitting ratio, Fsp, for a particular
aggregate, tests of concrete shall be made as follows:
1. Twenty-four 15 cm. dia. by 30 cm. long (6 in. dia. by 12 in. long) cylinders shall be made in
accordance with ASTM Specification C192, 12 at a compressive strength level of approximately
210 kilograms per square centimeter (3,000 pounds per square inch) and 12 at approximately 280
kilograms per square centimeter (4,000 pounds per square inch) or 350 kilograms per square
centimeter (5,000 pounds per square inch). After seven days moist curing followed by 21 days
drying at 23°C (73°F) and 50 per cent relative humidity, eight of the test cylinders at each of the
two strength levels shall be tested for splitting strength and four for compressive strength.
2. The splitting tensile strength shall be determined in accordance with ASTM Specification
C496, and the compressive strength of all 16 splitting tensile tests and all 8 compressive tests.
The ratio, Fsp, of splitting tensile strength to the square root of compressive strength shall be
obtained by using the average of all 16 splitting tensile tests and all 8 compressive tests.
(g) Minimum strength. Concrete, other than fill, shall have a minimum ultimate compressive
strength at 28 days of 140 kilograms per square centimeter (2,000 lbs. per sq. in.).
Section 5.06: Formwork.
(b) Removal of Forms. No construction loads exceeding the structual design loads shall be
supported upon any unshored portion of the structure under construction. No construction load shall be
supported upon, nor any shoring removed from any part of the structure under the construction until that
portion of th structure has attained sufficient strength to support safely its weight and the loads placed
thereon. This strength may be demonstrated by job-cured test speciments and by a structural analysis
considering the proposed loads in relation to these test strengths. Such analysis and test data shall be
furnished by the contractor to the Engineer.
Forms shall be removed in such manner as to insure the complete safety of the structure. Where the
structure as a whole is adequately supported on shores, the removable floor forms, beam and girder
sides, column and similar vertical forms may be removed after 24 hours provided the concrete is
sufficiently strong not to be injured thereby.''Form supports of prestressed members may be removed
when sufficient prestressing has been applied to enable them to carry their dead loads and anticipated
construction loads.
Section 5.08: Design
-General Considerations
(b) Design Methods.
The design of reinforced concrete members shall be made either with
reference to allowable working stresses, service loads, and the accepted straightline theory of flexure as
outlined in Section 5.09 to Section 5.13 (Working Stress Design) or with reference to load factors and
strengths as outlined in Section 5.14 to Section 5.18 (Ultimate Strength Design).
(k) Limiting Dimensions of Columns.
1. Minimum size.
Columns constituting the principal support of a floor or roof shall have
a diameter of at least 25 centimeters (10 inches), or in the case of rectangular columns, a
thickness of at least 20 centimeter (8 inches), and a gross area not less than 600 square
centimeters (96 square inches).
2. Isolated column with multiple spirals. If two or more interlocking spirals are used in a
column, the outer boundary of the column shall be taken at a distance outside the extreme limits
of the spiral equal to the requirements of Section 5.07 (h).
3. Limits of section of column built monolithically with wall. For a spiral column built
monolithically with a concrete wall or pier, the outer boundary of the column section shall be
taken either as a circle at least 38 millimeters (1½ inches), outside the column spiral or as a
square or rectangle, the side of which are at least 38 millimeters (1½ inches) outside the spiral or
spirals.
4. Equivalent circular column.
As an exception to the general procedure of utilizing the
full gross area of the column section, it shall be permissible to design a circular column and to
build it with a square, octagonal, or other shaped section of the least lateral dimension. In such
case, the allowable load, the gross area considered, and the required percentages of reinforcement
shall be taken as those of the circular column.
5. Limits of Column Section.
In a tied column which has a larger cross section tha
required by considerations of loading, a reduced effective area Ag, not less than one-half of the
total area may be used for determining minimum steel area and load capacity.
(l) Limits for Reinforcement of Columns. The vertical reinforcement for columns shall be not less
than 0.01 nor more than 0.08 times the gross cross-sectional area. The minimum size of bar shall be 16
millimeters in diameter (No. 5). The minimum number of bars shall be six for spiral columns and four
for tied columns.
The ratio of spiral reinforcement Ps, shall be not less than the value given by
PS = 0.45 (Ag / AC - 1) f C / fY ...................................................................... (5.08-1)
where:
fY = the yield strength of spiral reinforcement but not more than 4,200 kilograms per
square centimeter (60,000 pounds per square inch).
Section 5.09: Allowable Stresses.
Working Stress Design
(a) Notations. The notations used in these regulations are defined as follows:
fc
fc'
n
v
vc
w
=
=
=
=
=
=
Compressive stress in concrete
Compressive strength of concrete (see Section 5.02)
ratio of modulus of elasticity of steel to that of concrete
shear stress
shear stress carried by the concrete
weight of concrete, pounds per cubic foot
(b) General.
For structure to be designed with reference to allowable stresses, service loads, and
the accepted straight-line theory of stress and strain in flexure, the allowable stresses of this Section shall
be used, and designs shall conform to all provisions of this Code except sections 5.14 and 5.18.
(c) Allowable Stresses in Concrete. The stresses for flexure and bearing on all concrete designed
in accordance with Section 5.09 to 5.13 shall not exceed the values set forth in Table 5.09-A.
The stresses for shear shall not exceed those set forth in Table 5.09-A, except as specified in Section
5.11.
The allowable stresses for bond shall not exceed those specified in Section 5.12.
(d) Allowable Stresses in Reinforcement.
Unless otherwise provided in this Chapter, steel for
reinforcement shall not be stressed in excess of the following limits:
In tension:
For billet-steel or axle-steel concrete reinforcing bars
of structural grade .....................................................................................
For main reinforcement, 9.52 millimeters (3/8 inch)
or less in diameter, in one-way slabs of not more
than 3.6 meters (12 feet) span, 50 per cent of
the minimum yield strength specified in the ASTM
Standards for the particular kind and grade of steel
used, but not to exceed ..............................................................................
For deformed bars with a yield strength of 60,000 psi.
or more and in sizes No. 11 and smaller ...................................................
Cold drawn steel wire in welded wire fabric
18,000 psi.
30,000 psi.
24,000 psi
reinforcement ............................................................................................ 30,000 psi.
For all other reinforcement ................................................................................... 20,000 psi.
In compression, vertical column reinforcement Spiral
columns, 40 per cent of the minimum yield strength,
but not to exceed ....................................................................................... 30,000 psi.
Tied columns, 85 per cent of the value for spiral columns,
but not to exceed ....................................................................................... 25,000 psi.
Composite and combination Columns:
Steel with minimum yield strength of 36,000 psi. .................................... 18,000 psi.
Steel with minimum yield strength of 33,000 psi. .................................... 16,000 psi.
Cast iron sections ...................................................................................... 10,000 psi.
Steel pipe (See limitations of Section 5.13 (g) )
For compression in flexural members,
see Section 5.10 (c).
Spirals (yield strength for use in Formula 5.08-1)
Hot rolled rods, intermediate grade ............................................... 40,000 psi.
Hot rolled rods, hard grade ............................................................ 50,000 psi.
Hot rolled rods of minimum yield strength
of 60,000 psi., and cold-drawn wire .................................. 60,000 psi.
TABLE 5.09 - A
ALLOWABLE STRESSES IN CONCRETE
ALLOWABLE STRESSES
____________________________________________________________
DESCRIPTION
FOR ANY
STRENGTH
CONCRETE IN STRENGTH OF CONCRETE fc'
ACCORDANCE
WITH SECTION 2,000
2,500
3,000
4,000
5.04 (c)
p.s.i.
p.s.i.
p.s.i. p.s.i.
Modulus of elasticity ration, n
29,000,000
For concrete weighing 145 lbs.
per cu. ft. See Section 5.10(c) n
1.5
W 33 fc'
Flexure: fc
Extreme fiber stress in
compression
0.45 fc'
Extreme fiber stress in
tension in plain concrete
900
11
1125
10
1350
9
1800
8
footings and walls
1.6 fc'
71
Shear: v (as a measure of diagonal
tension at a distance "d" from
the face of the support), vc
1.1 fc'
Beams with no web reinforcement, vc
Joists with no wev reinforcement, vc
1.2 fc'
Members with vertical or inclines
reinforcement or properly combined
bent bars and vertical stirrups, v
5 fc'
Slabs and footings (peripheral shear
Section 5.11 (j), vc
2 fc'
Shear in Walls:2
Shear carries by concrete3
H/D 1 VC
3 fc'
1.1 fc'
H/D 2.7 VC
Shear carried by concrete and
reinforcement H/D 1 v
3 fc'
H/D 2 v
5 fc'
80
491
54
89
55
223
60
61
100
66
250
110
150
102
55
223
134
49
Bearing: fc
On full area
0.25 fc'
500
on one-third area or less5
0.375 fc'
88
70
77
274
126
164
190
70
134
250
130
274
164
316
625
750
750
938
1000
1125 1500
60
316
190
1. For shear values for lightweight aggregate concrete, see Section 5.11 (K).
2. For eartchquake resisting shear walls, these values must be modified in accordance with Section 5.29
3. For values between "H/D" of 1.0 and 2.7, the allowable shear varies linearly.
4.
For lightweight concrete, multiply tabulated values by .15Fsp. For values between "H/D" of 1.0
and 2.0, the allowable shear varies linearly.
5.
This increase shall be permitted only when the least distance between the edges of the loaded and
unloaded areas, is a minimum of one-fourth of the parallel side dimension of the loaded area.
The allowable bearing stress on a reasonably concentric area greater than 1/3 but less than the
full area shall be interpreted between the values given.
Section 5.30: Plain Concrete
(a) General. Plain concrete, other than fill, shall have a minimum ultimate compressive strength at
28 days of 140 kilograms per square centimeter (2000 pounds per square inch) and material
proportioning, and placing shall conform to the requirement of this Chapter. Concrete made with
lightweight aggregate may be used with strength less than 140 kilograms per square centimeter (2000
pounds per square inch) if it has been shown by tests or experience have sufficient strength and
durability.
Provisions shall be made to care for temperature and shrinkage stresses either by use of
reinforcement or by means of joints.
Plain concrete construction shall conform to the detailed minimum requirements specified in this
Chapter. Where Chapter 2 is applicable, plain concrete also shall be designed in accordance with the
allowable stresses specified in this Chapter.
(b) Wall thickness. The thickness of plain concrete walls may be 5 centimeters (2 inches) less than
the required by 6.17 plain masonry walls but in no case less than 18 centimeters (7 inches) and the ratio
of unsupported height or length (whichever is the lesser) to thickness shall be not greater than 22.
(c) Design. Plain concrete walls shall be designed to withstand all vertical and horizontal loads as
specified in Chapter 1.
(d) Stresses. The allowable working stresses in plain concrete walls shall not exceed the following
percentage of ultimate strength.
Compression .......................................................................................................... 025 f '
Tension ..................................................................................................................
1.6 \/ f 'c
Shear ...................................................................................................................... 0.02 f 'c
Section 5.31: Load Tests on Structures
(a) Notations. The notations used in these regulations are defined as follows:
D = dead load.
L = live load.
t
A
=
maximum deflection, produced by a test load, of a member relative to the
ends of the span, or of the free end of a cantilever relative to its support.
l
=
span of member under load test (the shorter span of flat slabs and of slabs
supported on four sides). The span, except as provided in Section 5.31 (c)
3, is the distance between the centers of the supports or the clear distance
between supports plus the depth of the member, whichever is smaller (in
inches).
= total thickness or depth of member under load test (in inches).
(b) Static Load Tests of Structures. The Engineer shall have the right to order the test under load
of any portion of a structure when conditions are such that cause doubt about the safety of the structure.
A load test of a structure shall not be made until the portion subjected to load is at least 56 days old,
unless the owner of the structure agrees to the test being made at an earlier age.
When the whole structure is not to be tested, the portion of the structure though to provide the least
margin of safety shall be selected for loading. Prior to the application of the test load a load which
simulates the effect of that portion of the service dead load which is not already present shall be applied
and shall remain in place until after a decision has been made regarding the acceptability of the structure.
The test load shall not be applied until the structural members to be tested have borne the full dead load
for at least 48 hours.
Immediately prior to the application of the test load to flexual members (including beams, slabs, and
floor and roof constructions), the necessary initial readings shall be made for the measurements of
deflections (and strains, if these are considered necessary) caused by the application of the test load.
The members selected for loading shall be subjected to a superimposed test load equivalent to 0.3
times the dead load plus 1.7 times the live load (tes load =+ 0.3D + 1.71). The test load shall be applied
without shock to the structure and in a manner to avoid arching of the loading materials.
The test load shall be left in position for 24 hours whereupon readings of the deflections shall be
taken. The test load shall be removed and additional readings of deflections shall be taken 24 hours after
the removal of the test load.
(c) Criteria for Evaluation of Load Tests. If the structure shows evident failure or fails to meet the
following criteria, the changes needed to make the structure adequate for the rated capacity shall be
made or a lower rating may be established as follows:
1.
If the maximum deflection, /\ , is less than L2 / 20,000t, the requirements on recovery of
deflection is sub-paragraph may be waived.
2.
If the maximum deflection, /\ , of a reinforced concrete beam, floor or roof exceed L2 /
20,000t, the recovery of deflection within 24 hours after the removal of the test load shall
be at least 75 per cent of the maximum deflection.
3.
In determining the limiting deflection for a cantilever, L2 shall be taken as twice the
distance from the support to the end, and the deflection shall be adjusted for movement of
the support.
4.
Construction failing to show 75 per cent recovery of the deflection may be retested. The
second test loading shall not be made until at least 72 hours after removal of the test load
for the first test. The structure shall show no evidence of failure in the retest, and the
recovery of deflection caused by the second test load shall be at least 75 per cent.
CHAPTER 6
MASONRY
Section 6.01: Materials
(a) General. The qulity and design of materials assembled in masonry work shall conform with
internationally accepted engineering standards and specifications, subject to the provisions of this Code.
The materials included in masonry work shall be classified as: structural clay products, pre-cast
products, adobe stone, clay brick, natural stones of irregular units, reclaimed masonry units, pre-cast
lintels, mortar, grout, and reinforcement.
(b) Other Materials.
Any masonry material other than those specified in this Chapter, which is
incombastible and sufficiently close to the characteristics of any of the materials classified under this
Chapter may be aduded by the Building Official in the classification of the material to which it most
closely resembles: provided, however, that such material shall have passed actual tests in accordance
with applicable standards, not only as separate units but also as combined.
Section 6.07: Standard Minimum Requirements
(a) Columns
(1)
If the load on the pilaster can be carried by a length of wall equal to 4 times the
thickness of the wall then the pilaster is in essence only constructed for
convenience of connections, and, or to remove eccentricity from the wall. In this
case the pilaster is nominal in size and reinforcing. Otherwise the pilaster must be
designed and considered a column.
(2)
Masonry columns shall have a minimum nominal dimension of 30 centimeters (12
inches) and a maximum height of 20 times their least dimension. Columns which
are stressed to less than 1/2 of their allowable stress may have a 20 centimeters (8
inches) minimum dimension. Vertical reinforcement shall be a minimum of 1/2
of one percent and a maximum of 4 percent (4%) of the gross cross-sectional area
of the column. Columns which are stressed to less than 1.2 of their allowable
stresses may have their reinforcement reduced to a minimum of 1/5 of one
percent. In all cases the reinforcement of columns shall not be less than 4 bars of
1 centimeters (3/8 inch) minimum diameter.
(3)
Lateral ties shall be not less than 3.76 millimeters in diameter (Gauge No. 9) wire
and shall be spaced not over 16 bar diameters, or the least dime9nsion of the
column. Ties may be placed in the morta joint or in contact with the vertical steel.
(1)
Reinforced masonry shear and bearing shall be limited by a ratio of height to
thickness of 25, where the word "height" is taken to mean the clear distance
between lateral supports. The minimum thickness of bearing walls shall be 15
centimeters (6 inches). Reinforced masonry non-bearing walls shall be limited by
a ratio of height to thickness of 48 for interior walls and 30 for exterior walls.
(2)
In computing flexural stresses where reinforcement occurs, the effective width
shall be not greater than four times the wall thickness, the center to center distance
between reinforcement, no 1.20 meters (4 feet). Where stack bond is used, the
(b) Walls
effective width shall be not greater than 3 times the unit length nor 60 centimeters
(2 feet) in solid unit masonry and not greater than 1-½ times the unit length nor 60
centimeters (2 feet) in hallow unit masonry.
(3)
The spacing of vertical reinforcement shall be not greater 1.20 meters (4 feet) nor
12 times the wall thickness. The minimum size of vertical reinforcing bars shall
be 1 centimeter (3/8 inch) in diameter. The minimum amount of vertical
reinforcement shall be one-twentieth of one percent 1/20% of the gross crosssectional horizontal area of the masonry portion of the wall. There shall be a
minimum of one vertical bar continuous between lateral supports and each side of
each opening and each corner.
(4)
The spacing of horizontal reinforcement shall be not greater than 80 centimeters
(2 feet, 8 inches). The minimum amount of horizontal reinforcement shall be onetenth of one per cent of cross-sectional vertical area of the wall. There shall be
continuous horizontal reinforcement at the top of the foundation wall, at each
floor level, at the top of the wall, and at the lintel height. Horizontal
reinforcement shall be distributed in the wall in approximate conformity with the
corss-sectional area of the wall. Wire reinforcement where it has trussed crosswires or cross-wires perpendicular to the longitudinal wires providing not less
than one cross-wire in each 40 centimeters (1 foot, 4 inches) length tied to the two
longitudinal wires, but shall not be used to resist design loads other than shear.
Where wire reinforcement is used it shall be spaced not more than .60 centimeters
(2 feet) on center vertically.
(5)
Decorative masonry block walls, partitions or dividers shall be assumed nonbearing and shall be reinforced by not less than 1 centimeter (3/8 inch) diameter
steel bars at not more than .60 centimeters (2 feet) each way but not more than 4
times the wall thickness and, or provided with a properly designed reinforced
concrete framing; provided, that ratio of height to thickness of such framed
decorative masonry block wall shall be limited to 16.
(1)
The longitudinal reinforcement in a reinforced masonry beam shall be not less
than one-fifth of one per cent of the gross cross-sectional area, nor less than 2.6
square centimeters (0.4 square inch). The minimum depth shall be 20 centimeters
(8 inches) and the minimum width shall be 15 centimeters (6 inches). Wall
reinforcement may be used as beam reinforcement for both shear and flexure,
when the beam is an integral part of a reinforced masonry wall, except that wire
reinforcement shall not be considered as resisting design stresses other than shear.
(c) Beams
(d) Contraction Joints
(1)
Where there is a large change in the mass of the wall, such as at large truck doors,
contraction joints shall be provided. Contraction joints shall be spaced at 15
meters (50 feet) or center maximum and their location shall be at critical changes
in cross-section.
Section 6.08: Construction Standards
(a) General
(1)
Every part of the work shall be executed in the best workmanlike manner in
accordance wtih the accepted practice of the trade and in full compliance with the
provision of this Chapter.
(b) Foundation
(1)
Where foundation beams are used, such as between piling or other supports, in
expansive soil or unstable ground, provision shall be made for differential
movement of the soil relative to the beam and the pile or other support.
(2)
The depth of the bottom of the footing shall not be less than 45 centimeters (18
inches) below natural grade.
(3)
Footings made of masonry units shall be limited to small structures such as
dwellings and one story buildings only.
(c) Shoring and Scaffolding
Shoring and scaffolding shall be undertaken properly and adequately so as to support or
brace masonry units during construction and throughout the period of hardening of its
grout.
(d) Grout
(1)
All reinforcement shall be free from coatings that would destroy or reduce bond.
(2)
The kind of reinforcement and method of its placement for masonry work shall be
the same in quality and standard set forth for reinforced concrete to construction
as specified in this Code, except for the following: lap splicing shall develop the
strength of a full bar. Grout thickness between masonry units and reinforcement
shall not be less than 0.7 centimeters (1/4 inch) or not less than 1/2 bar diameter
or the maximum size of aggregate.
(f) Bonding
(1)
Stack Bond. Where stack bond is indicated, bond beams or approved horizontal
and vertical joint reinforcement shall be provided adquate to resis lateral forces
due to wind or earthquake.
(2)
Mechanical Bond.
Mechanical bonding shall be obtained by use of metal ties
laid in the horizontal mortar joints. Such ties shall be required when the grout
pour is excessive in wall construction of layers where the thickness exceeds 5.0
centimeters (2 inches). Metal ties bonding layers together shall be placed
horizontally at 30.5 centimeters (12 inches) maximum on centers.
(g) Joints
(1)
Moving Units After Placing. Masonry units shall not be moved after they have
been in contact with the mortar. Tapping units downward may be permissible but
not to rock or slide them.
(2)
Joining Old and New Work.
The intersection of new and old work shall be
adequately bonded and dowelled to provide for continuity of the masonry.
(3)
Construction Joints.
Where fresh masonry joints what is partially set or totally
set, the exposed surface of the finished masonry shall be cleaned and damped
when necessary to obtain the best possible bond with the new work. All loose
masonry units and mortar shall be removed. Construction joints shall not be
permitted in any beam, only if approved by the Engineer.
(h) Corbelling.
The projection for each course in a corbel when used to support structural
members, shall be designed and detailed by the Engineer.
(i) Chases and Recesses. Chases and recesses in masonry walls shall not be constructed as to
reduce the required strength, thickness or fire resistance of the wall. Chases and recesses shall be
designed and constructed as openings. Wood nailers shall not be inserted into masonry walls.
Metal mailing clips may be used. Unless where this is required the design of the wall shall take
the wood into consideration and the pockets shall be provided with proper clearance.
(j)
Arches and Lintels.
incombustible materials.
Lintels over openings shall be of reinforced masonry or other
(k) Adjoining Construction
(1)
Joining Conrete and Masonry.
Wherever feasible the concrete shall be poured
against masonry and dowelled adequately. Where masonry be placed against
concrete, extreme care shall be used to insure adequate bonding of the masonry to
the concrete by dowelling, or bolts or other connections.
(2)
Joining Structural Steel and Masonry.
Where structural steel columns are
adjacent to masonry, there shall be a space of 2.5 centimeters (1 inch) clearance to
be filled solidly with mortar to allow for steel telerances, or with an expansion
joint material where a control joint is designed. The structural steel shall be
connected to the masonry by bolts, or by steel plates properly designed.
(3)
Imbedding structural steel columns partially in masonry. This shall be avoided,
unless special reinforcing is provided, and necessary construction joints are
provided in the masonry at this point. Structural steel columns entirely within
masonry, the masonry shall be connected by dowels tied to the column for
horizontal reinforcing.
Section 6.09:
(4)
Bolts and Anchors.
All bolts and anchors should be enbedded thoroughly into
the mortar or grout not less than two-thirds of the wall thickness.
(5)
Pipes and Conduits.
No pie or conduit shall be embedded in any structural
masonry less than the required fire protection except, that rigid electric conduits
may be embedded in structural masonry, provided their location does not impair
the strength of construction. Any pipe or conduit may pass through any masonry
by means of sleeves placed not closer than three diameters, center to center.
(6)
Bearing Plates. Beams, firders, or other concentrated loads supported by a wall
or pier shall have bearing at least 7.6 centimeters (3 inches) in length into the
masonry. Metal bearing plates or continuous reinforced masonry members may
be used to distribute the loads along the wall.
Testing
(a) Testing of masonry materials shall be done by the applicable government bodies or their
authorized agencies, according to testing procedures and other relevant requirements needed for such
tests.
TABLE 6.06 - A
ALLOWABLE STRESSES FOR A SPECIFIED REINFORCED
MASONRY CONSTRUCTION
The following allowable stresses may be used where Brick units or Hollow Concrete units conform
to ASTM requirements, the mortar and grout conform to Section 6.01 and the construction practice
conform to Section 6.06 of this chapter.
kg/cm2
Psi
Compression - axial
21
300
Compression - flexural
35
500
Shear (no shear reinforcement)
2
30
Shear (with reinforcement
taking entire shear)
5
75
Bearing
26
375
Modulus of Elasticity
105,000
1,500,000
Modulus of Rigidity
42,000
600,000
Bond - plain bars
4
60
Bond - deformed bars
11
160
TABLE 6.06-B
ALLOWABLE STRESSES AS RELATED TO f 'm
Compression - axial
0.20
Compression - flexural
0.33
Shear (no shear reinforcement)
(maximum)
0.02
Shear (with reinforcement
2.8
(40 psi)
taking entire shear)
0.05
(maximum)
2.8
(100 psi)
Bearing
0.25
Modulus of Elasticity
1,000
Modulus of Rigidity
400
Bond - plain bars
4
(60 psi)
Bond - deformed bars
11
(160 psi)
TABLE 6.06 - C
Compressive Strength of Units*
(kg/cm2)
70
103
175
280
420
Assume f 'm**
(kg/cm2)
(psi)
1,000
1,500
2,500
4,000
6,000
63
(psi)
900
80
109
140
168
1,150
1,500
2,000
2,400
* Compressive strength is here taken on the gross area of solid masonry units and the net area cf
hollow masonry units.
**In no case shall the assumed f 'm be greater than the compressive strength of the mortar or grout,
whichever is lesser.
CHAPTER 7
EXCAVATIONS, FOUNDATIONS, AND RETAINING WALLS
Section 7.01: Quality and Design
(a) The quality and design of materials used structurally in excavations, footings and foundations
shall conform to the requirements specified in Chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7.
Section 7.02: Excavation and Fills
(a General.
Excavations or fills for any buildings or structure and excavations or fills accessory
thereto shall be so constructed or protected that they do not endanger life and property.
Cut edge for permanent excavations shall not be steeper than 1½ horizontal to 1 vertical and slopes
for permanent fills shall not be steeper than 2 horizontal to 1 vertical unless substantiating data justifying
steeper slopes are submitted. Deviation from the foregoing limitations for slopes shall be permitted only
upon the presentation of a soil investigation report acceptable to the Building Official.
No fill or other surcharges loads shall be placed adjacent to any building or structure unless such
building or structure is capable of withstanding the additional loads caused by the fill or surcharge.
Footings or foundations which may be affected by any excavation shall be underprinted adequately,
or otherwise protected against settlement, and shall be protected against lateral movement.
Fills to be used to support the foundations of any building or structure shall be placed in accordance
with accepted engineering practice. A soil investigation report and a report of satisfactory placement of
fill, both acceptable to the Building Official, shall be submitted.
(b) Protection of Adjoining Property.
Any person making or causing an excavation to be made
below existing grade shall protect the excavation so that the soil of adjoining property will not cave-in or
settle and shall defray the cost of underpinning or extending the foundation of buildings on adjoining
properties. Before commencing the excavation, the person making or causing the excavation to be made
shall notify in writing the owners of adjoining buildings not less than 10 days before such excavation is
to be made that the excavation is to be given access to the excavation for the purpose of verifying if their
properties are sufficiently protected by the person making the excavation. Likewise, the person causing
such excavation shall be given access to enter the adjoining property for the pose of physical
examination of such property, prior to the commencement and at reasonable periods during the progress
of excavation. If the necessary consent is not accorded to the person making the excavation, then it shall
be the duty of the person refusing such permission to protect his buildings or structure. The person
causing the excavation shall not be responsible for damages on account of such refusal by the adjoining
property owner to permit access for inspection. In case there is a party wall along a lotline of the
premises where an excavation is being made, the person causing the excavation to be made shall at his
own expense, preserve such party wall in s safe a condition as it was before the excavation was
commenced and shall, when necessary, underpin and support the same by adequate methods.
(c) Structure Unsafe of Commencement of Excavation. If the person who causes an excavation to
be made has reason to believe an adjoining or adjacent structure is below minimum standard of
constructin, such person shall forthwith report his findings officially in writing to the Building Official
who shall cause an inspection of such premises to be made, and if such structure is found unsafe, he
shall delcare such structure to make ti safe, or its demolition as the circumstances mayu demand.
(d) Protection of Excavation.
Guards or fences shall be provided along open sides of excavation
except that, in the discretion of the building inspector, such guards or fence may be omitted from any
side or sides other than those adjacent to streets or public passageways.
Section 7.03: Soil Classification
(a) General.
It is the responsibility of the Engineer to order adequate soil exploration (including
test borings) for any building or structure of any height if in his judgment such is necessary. However,
test borings shall be required for buildings of four (4) stories and higher. The classification of the soil
under all portions of every building shall be based upon the examination of adequare test borings
excavations made at the site. The location of the test borings or excavations and the nature of the subsurface materials shall be indicated on the plans.
(b) Moisture Content.
Due allowance shall be made a determining the capacity of sub-surface
materials for the effect of possible change in moisture content.
(c) Unequal Loads.
Where footings are to be placed at varying elevations the effects of adjacent
loads shall be included in the foundation analysis.
Section 7.04: Allowable Soil Pressure
(a) The allowable unit soil pressure upon every footing shall not exceed the value as set forth in
Table 7.04 (B).
EXCEPTION:
The tabulated values may be modified as prescribed in Section 7.05.
Section 7.05: Soil Requirements
(a) Requirements. Whenever, in the opinion of the Building Official, the adequacy and class of a
soil cannot be determined by the test borings or excavations required by the provision of Section 7.03
(a), he may require a special soil investigation before approving the use of the footing.
(b) Deviations.
Deviations from the allowable unit soil pressure set forth in Table 7.04(A) and
Table 7.04(B) shall be permitted only after performance of a special soil investigation by an agency
acceptable to the Building Official. The Building Official may approve such deviations only after
receiving a written opinion from the investigating agency together with substantiating evidence.
(c) Load Tests. Where the bearing capacity of the soil is not definitely known or is in question, the
Building Official may require load tests or other adequate proof as to the permissible safe bearing
capacity, at the particular location. To determine the safe bearing capacity of the soil, it may be tested by
loading an area not less than 0.2 square meters (2 square feet) to not less than twice the maximum
bearing capacity desired for use. Such load shall be sustained by the soil until no additional settlement
takes place for a period of not less than 48 hours in order that such desired bearing capacity may be used.
Examination of sub-soil conditions may be required when deemed necessary.
TABLE 7.04 - (A)
ALLOWBLE SOIL PRESSURE
INCREASE
IN VALUE
MINIMUM
FOR EACH
DEPTH OF
FOOT OF
CLASSIFICATION FOOTING VALUE PERDEPTH THAT
OF MATERIAL
BELOW- MISSIBLE IF
FOOTING
ADJACENT FOOTING IS
IS BELOW
VIRGIN AT MINIMUM MINIMUM
GRIOUND DEPTH
DEPTH
1
2
Meter
ROCK
0.20
0.30
3
4
Ft Kg./Sq.M
MAXIMUM
VALUE
5
PSF
Kg./Sq.M
PSF
Kg./Sq.M
PSF
20% ultimate
20% ultimate
1-0 crushing strength 0
0
crushing strength
Compact Coarse Sand
0.60M 2-0 7,500* 1,500* 1,500*
300* 40,000
8,000
Compact fine sand
0.60M 2-0 5,000* 1,000* 1,000*
200* 40,000
8,000
Loose sand
0.90M 3-0 2,500*
500*
500*
100* 15,000
3,000
Hard clay or sandy clay 0.60M 2-0 20,000 4,000
4,000
800
40,000
8,000
Medium-stiff clay or
sandy clay
0.60M 2-0 10,000
1,000
1,000
200
30,000
6,000
Soft sandy clay or clay 0.90M 3-0
5,000
250
250
50
10,000
2,000
Compact inorganic sand
silt mixtures
0.60M 2-0
5,000
1,000
1,000
200
20,000
4,000
Loose inorganic sand
silt mixtures
0.90M
Loose organic and silt
mixtures and muck
3-0
2,500
500
0
500
0
100
5,000
1,000
0
0
0
0
*These values are for footing 30 cm. (1'0") in width and may be increased in direct proportion to the
width of the footing to a maximum of three times the designed values.
TABLE 7.04 - (B)
ALLOWABLE LATERAL SOIL PRESSURES
ALLOWABLE VALUES
CLASS OF MATERIAL
PER FOOT OF DEPTH*
MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE
BELOW NATURAL GRADE
VALUES
k.s.m.
Good-compact well
graded sand and gravel
Well-graded fine and
coarse sand (all drained
so water will not stand)
p.s.f.
k.s.m.
2,000
Average-compact fine sand
Medium clay
Loose coarse sand and
1,000
gravel (All drained
so water will not stand)
400
200
Poor-soft Clay
Clay Loam
Poorly Compacted Sand
500
Clays containing large
amount of silt (water
stands during wet season)
100
p.s.f
40,000
12,500
7,500
8,000
2,500
1,500
*Isolated poles such as flagpoles, or signs may be designed using lateral bearing values equal to two
times tabulated values.
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
Department of Public
Works, Transportation
and Communications
Quezon City
Department of Local Gov't.
and Community Development
Quezon City Hall,
Quezon City
JOINT MEMORANDUM CIRCULAR - August 17, 1977
TO
:
ALL PROVINCIAL GOVERNORS, CITY MAYORS, MUNICIPAL MAYORS
AND ENGINEERS
SUBJECT : DISSEMINATING P.D. NO. 1096 OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE NATIONAL
BUILDING CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES AND ITS IMPLEMENTING RULES
For the information and guidance of all concerned the President has enabled the National Building
Code effective as of February 19, 1977 and its implementing rules and regulations have been
promulgated by the Secretary of Public Works, Transportation and Communications on June 16, 1977.
Scope - The code shall apply to the design, location, siting, construction, alternation, repair,
conversion, use, occupancy, maintenance, moving demolition of, and addition to public and private
buildings and structures, except traditional indigenous family dwellings as defined therein.
Exception - Buildings and/or structures construction before the approval of the code shall not be
affected thereby except when alterations, additions, conversions or repairs are to be made in which case,
the code shall apply only to portions to be altered, added, converted or repaired.
Public buildings and traditional indegenous family dwellings are exempt from the payment of
building permit fees. The code defines the term traditional indigenous family dwellings to mean a
dwelling intended for the use of the owner only constructed of native materials such as bamboo, nipa,
logs or lumber, the total cost of which does not exceed fifteen thousand pesos (Sec. 209).
Administration and Enforcement - The administration and enforcement of the code including the
imposition of penalties for administrative violations thereof is vested with the Secretary of Public
Works, Transportation and Communications (Sec. 201). He exercises the following powers and
functions:
(1)
Formulate policies, plans, standards and guidelines on building design, construction, use,
occupancy and maintenance, in accordance with the Code.
(2)
Issue and promulgate the rules and regulations to implement the provisions of the Code
and ensure compliance with policies, plans, standards and guidelines formulated under
paragraph 1, Sec. 203 of the code.
(3)
Evaluate, review, approve and/or take final action on changes and/or amendments to
existing referral codes as well as on the incorporation of other referral codes which are
not yet expressly made part of the National Building Code.
(4)
Prescribe and fix the amount of fees and other charges that the building official shall
collect in connection with the performance of regulatory functions.
The duties of issuing building permits and the enforcement of the building code in the field rest with
the Building Official (Sec. 207). Due to exigencies of the service, the Secretary of DPWTC may
designate incumbent Public Works District Engineers, City Engineers and Municipal Engineers to act as
Building Officials in their respective areas of jurisdiction (sec. 205).
Effectivity of implementing Rules - Sec. 211 of the Code provides that the implementing rules and
regulations formulated by the Secretary DPWTC shall take effect after their publication once a week for
three consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation.
The implementing rules as prescribed by the Secretary DPWTC covers the following:
Rule I
Building Permit Application
Rule II
Processing of Application for Building Permits
Annex A Processing of Application for Building Permits
Annex A-1Processing of Application for Sectional Permit
Annex B Interim Guidelines for Land use and Zoning
Rule III
Assessment, Imposition and Collection of Fees (Prescribing the new rates)
Sharing of Fees - Section 208 of the code provides that the Building Official is hereby authorized to
retain not more than 20% of his collection for the operating expenses of his office and that the remaining
80% shall be deposited with the provincial, city or municipal treasurer and shall accrue to the general
fund of the province, city or municipality.
Role of Local Executives:
Local executives shall cease to exercise the function of issuing building permits upon the effectivity
of the implementing rules of the Building Code. In the absence of a Building Official in the
city/municipality they shall forward applications for building permits except for buildings exempt from
the operation of the code to the nearest DPWTC District Engineer.
As a part of their executive function they shall oversee the implementation of the code within their
respective jurisdiction and call the attention of the Building Official, copy furnished the Secretary of
Public Works, Transportation and Communications on any problem or irregularities that may occur or
arise.
They shall assist in the conduct of informational campaign to secure the compliance of the citizens to
the code to assure that local buildings and structures are maintained in a safe, sanitary and good working
condition and that the required environmental safeguards are met.
The names and bio-data of municipal and city engineers may be submitted to the Secretary DPWTC
so that they may be considered for designation as building officials.
Please be guided accordingly.
(SG.) ALDREDO L. JUINIO
DPWTC
(SGD.) JOSE A. RONO
DLGCD
MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT
KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS:
This Memorandum of Agreement entered into and executed this 1st day of August 1978, by and
between The Ministry of National Defense herein represented by its Minister, Honorable Juan Ponce
Enrile
and
The Ministry of Public Works, Transportation and Communications herein represented by its
Minister, Honorable Alfredo L. Juinio
W I T N E S S E T H
WHEREAS, the President enacted the National Building Code (NBC, PD 1096) on February 19,
1977 and the Fire Code of the Philippines (FCP, PD 1185) on August 26, 1977;
WHEREAS, the NBC applies to the design, location, siting, construction, alteration, repair,
conversion, use, occupancy, maintenance, moving, demolition of, and addition to public and private
buildings and structures, except traditional indigeneous family dwellings as defined therein;
WHEREAS, the FCP is primarily concerned with the proper maintenance, safety and protection of
buildings and structures against fire;
WHEREAS, the implementing rules and regulations of the FCP, among other things, also apply to
the design and installation of electrical systems and mechanical and refrigeration equipment, as well as
to the architectural, structural and other engineering requirements of buildings;
WHEREAS, the above cited implementing rules and regulations of FCP particularly Divisions 2-15
of Rule 3 are already prescribed functions vested in the Office of the Building Official under the
provisions of the NBC;
WHEREAS, it is desirable that the NBC (PD 1096) and the FCP (PD 1185) be harmonized so as to
complement and supplement the provisons of the NBC nationwide;
WHEREAS, to date, Offices of Building Officials have already been organized with the necessary
technical staff to enforce and implement the provisions of the NBC nationwide;
WHEREAS, for purposes of effective and economical implementation of the NBC and FCP and
their implementing rules and regulations, as well as for the expeditious processing of building permits,
the NBC provides for the integration under the Office of the Building Official of all functions relating to
the architectural, structural, mechanical and sanitary engineering, plumbing and fire resistive and
protective requirements for the design, construction of buildings and structures as well as the installation
therein of safety and other fire-protective devices and/or systems;
NOW, THEREFORE, the Parties to this Memorandum of Agreement hereby agree as follows:
A. PRE-CONSTRUCTION PHASE:
1
The Building Official shall have the overall administrative control and/or
supervision over all activities relating to processing and issuing of building
permits covering the construction, addition, repair, renovation and demolition of
all buildings and/or structures within the area of his responsibility.
Upon receipt of the Application for Building Permit, the Building Official shall
refer one (1) set of the plans and specifications to the Chief of the Local Fire
Service (CLFS) for his evaluation, review, and/or recommendation with respect to
fire safety and control requirements. The CLFS shall submit his report and
recommendations to the Building Official within five (5) working days from date
of referral. Failure of the CLFS to act within said period shall mean that the plans
and specifications submitted conform with all the requirements of the FCP. The
Building Official shall within fifteen (15) days take the necessary action towards
the issuance or non-issuance of the building permit as provided for in the NBC.
2.
Before the issuance of a building permit, the Building Official shall require the
applicant to pay the necessary fees to the Local Treasurer or other authorized
collecting agents of the Ministry of Public Works, Transportation and
Communications in accordance with the provisions of the NBC. When is directed
by the Minister of Public Works, Transportation and Communications, said
authorized collecting agents shall also collect as provided for by the FCP an
amount equivalent to one tenth of one percent (0.1%) of the cost of construction
of the building or structure based on the schedule of cost of construction in
accordance wtih Section 4, Rule III, of the Implementing Rules and Regulations
of the NBC, but not to exceed P50,000 and remit the same to the Treasurer of the
Philippines.
B. CONSTRUCTION PHASE:
1.
Upon issuance of a building permit, the Building Official, shall without delay
indorse a copy of such permit to the CLFS and require him to undertake the
necessary inspection of the building during its construction in accordance with the
FCP and its implementing rules and regulations. The results and frequency of
these inspections shall be duly entered into the Construction Logbook sheet and
the same shall be reported in writing to the Building Official for appropriate
action.
2.
Upon submission of the Certificate of Completion of Construction by the engineer
or achitect in Charge of Construction, the Building Official shall notify the CLFS,
to conduct his final Inspection and require him to submit his Fire Safety
Inspection Certificate within five (5) working days from receipt of notification;
Provided, that in case of non-issuance, suspension or revocation of said certificate
of fire safety inspection by the CLFS, he shall so state in writing the reasons or
grounds therefor.
3.
After final inspection requirements of the NBC and the FCP are complied with,
the Building Official shall issue the Certificate of Use or Occupancy, a copy of
which shall be provided to the CLFS.
C. POST-CONSTRUCTION PHASE:
1.
The Building Official and the CLFS shall inspect buildings or structures jointly or
separately to determine compliance with the provisions of the NBC and the FCP
and their implementing rules and regulations. Inc ase of separate inspection;
a)
Violations of the NBC or the FCP noted by the CLFS, requiring corrective
measures involving alteration, modification, repair, etc., of the
building/structure including architectural, structural, electrical,
mechanical, sanitary and plumbing, light and ventilation system, etec.,
shall be reported to the Building Official for appropriate action.
b)
Violations of the FCP or the NBC noted by the Building Official
pertaining to fire-prevention, detection and warning, suppression and
protection shall be reported to the CLFS for appropriate action.
2.
The Building Official shall conduct annual inspection of buildings and structures to
determine compliance with land use, architectural, structural, sanitary, plumbing,
eletrical, and mechanical requirements.
3.
The CLFS shall conduct regular inspection of buildings and their premises for the
purpose of checking on potential sources of fire and the proper maintenance of fire
protection, suppression, prevention and/or warning system.
D. ABATEMENT/DEMOLITION:
1.
The Director General, INP or his duly authorized representative and the Building Official
shall exercise authority relating to the abatement/demolition of hazardous and/or ruinuous
building and structures and/or any portion thereof in accordance with their respective
powers and functions under the FCP and NBC.
However, when such authority is being exercised by either one of them, it shall be
incumbent upon the other to extend his assistance to the former. For this purpose, the
following procedure/arrangement shall be observed:
a)
The INP shall provide security to the Building Official and/or his authorized
representative and personnel and shall maintain peace and order in the premises of
the subject of abatement or demolition.
b)
The Building Official shall in turn extend his assistance in supervising and
allowing the use of whatever available equipment and personnel he has that may
be needed for abatement or demolition.
2.
The Building Official or his authorized representative without interfering with the
functions of the fire investigators, shall be allowed access to the premises of the fire scene
after the fire has been extinguished, for the purpose of determining architectural,
structural, mechanical, electrical and sanitary deficiencies, which might have been the
cause of or contributory to the fire.
E. CONFLICT:
1.
In case of conflict in the interpretation and implementation of this Memorandum of
Agreement relative to the Pre-Construction and Construction Phases up to the issuance of
Certificate of Occupancy, the decision of the Building Official shall prevail.
2.
Problems arising from the implementation of this Memorandum Agreement shall as much
as possible be resolved by lateral coordination between the Director General, INP and the
Executive Director of the Building Research Development Staff of the Ministry of Public
Works, Transportation and Communications.
This Agreement shall take effect on 1 August 1978 and the Parties concerned shall circularize the
same to all CLFS and Building Officials for their information, guidance and implementation.
IN WITNESS HEREOF, the Parties have herein affixed their signatures in Quezon City, Metro
Manila on the date first abovementtioned.
MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS,
TRANSPORATATION & COMMUNICATIONS
BY:
MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEFENSE
BY
ALFREDO L. JUINIO
Minister
JUAN PONCE ENRILE
Minister
Signed in the Presence of:
ROSALIA A. MALLONGA
Assistant Minister for Operations
and
Executive Director, BRDS
FIDEL V. RAMOS
Major General, AFP
Chief of Constabulary and
Director General Integrated National Police
MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT
Know All Men By These Presents:
Thsi Memorandum of Agreement made and executed in Manila, Philippines, this 6th day of January,
1978, by and between:
The National Census and Statistics Office hereinafter referred to as NCSO, with principal office at
Solicarel Building Sta. Mesa, Manila, and represented in this agreement by its Executived Director Tito
A. Mijares.
AND
The Department of Public Works, Transportation and Communications, hereinafter referred to as
DPWTC, with principal office at NIA Building, Epifanio delos Santos Avenue, Quezon City, and
represented in this agreement by its Secretary, Alfredo L. Juinio.
W I T N E S S E T H
WHEREAS, Presidential Decree No. 1096 otherwise known as the "National Building Code of the
Philippines", which vested the autority to implement the provisions of the said code, including the
monitoring of building permit forms, to the DPWTC, became operational in 1977;
WHEREAS, because of the need for reliable construction statistics, the NCSO and the Department
of Local Governments and Community Development entered into an informal agreement in 1976 to
implement and monitor the building permit forms; and
WHEREAS, the Inter-Agency Committee on Industrial Statistics, hereinafter referred to as the
Committee, was created through NEDA Memorandum Order No. 15-76 to rationalize and integrate the
production of industrial statistics including construction in all its aspects including collection, processing
and analysis.
NOW, THEREFORE, for in consideration of the foregoing, representatives hereto have agreed on
the following:
1.
This agreement shall cover the collection, processing, analysis and dissemination of
private construction statistics on a quarterly basis.
2.
Initially, the NCSO will shoulder the cost of printing of approximately 200,000 sets of
five copies each of building permit and certificate of completion report forms for CY
1978, thereafter the responsibility will be that of DPWTC. Preparation of other forms as
may be requried by P.D. 1096 shall be the responsibility of DPWTC.
3.
The DPWTC will be responsible for the distribution of these forms to their local building
officials.
4.
The local building official will furnish through the municipal census officers or census
assitants as the case may be, the NCSO copy of the said construction forms.
5.
It is the responsibility of DPWTC to see to it that the building permit and certificate of
completion report forms are properly filled up (complete and legible).
6.
The processing and publication of official construction statistics emanating from these
forms will be the responsibility of the NCSO and will be in the form and manner as may
be agreed upon by the members of the Committee.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have executed this agreement on the date and place
mentioned above.
NATIONAL CENSUS AND
STATISTICS OFFICE
TITO A. MIJARES
Executive Director
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS,
TRANSPORTATION & COMMUNICATIONS
ALFREDO L. JUINIO
Secretary
Signed in the Presence of:
LILIA H. CONSTANTINO
Acting Chairman
Inter-Agency Committee on
Industrial Statistics
ROSALIO A. MALLONGA
Assitant Secretary
for Operations
Exec. Director - BRDS
OPINION NO. 18, s. 1978
3rd Indorsement
January 26, 1978
Respectfully returned to City engineer Bonifactio D. Estanero, Office of the City Engineer, City of
Tangub, Region X, Bureau of Public Works, City of Tangub.
The enclosures disclose that the City Engineer of Tangub brought to the attention of its City Fiscal
the excavation and installation by the Mobil Service Station thereat of an underground steel tank in its
premises without the permit required in P.D. No. 1096 (the National Building Code), despite three
notices to stop said illegal activities sent to said service station by the City Engineer; and that the
Engineer requested the Fiscal to take appropriate legal action against the service station before the matter
is elevated "to higher authorities in Manila". In reply, the fiscal averred that he had no information as to
when P.D. No. 1096 was officially promulgated or any knowledge of its implementing rules, that the
enforcement of said Code including the imposition of penalties for violation thereof is vested in the
Secretary of the Department of Public Works, Transportation and Communications (DPWTC); and that
it was his opinion that the enforcement of the provisions of said Code "belongs to the proper department
or agency specially vested by the law".
Pursuant to practice and precedents, the Secretary of Justice as Attorney General renders opinion
only for the national government officials mentioned in Section 83 of the Revised Administrative Code,
on questions of law arising in the performance of their respective functions. While the City Engineer is
not one such official, I have to consider that what is involved in this case is a ruling of the city fiscal of
Tangub who falls under the supervision and control of the Secretary of Justice. Therefore, in order to set
a right the thinking of the City Fiscal on the matter, I hereunder express my views thereon.
P.D. No. 1096 was promulgated and became effective on February 19, 1977. Sections 213 and 301
thereof provide insofar as pertinent:
"SEC. 213.
Penal Provisions
"It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation, to erect, construct, enlarge, alter, repair,
move, improve, remove, convert, demolish, equip, use, occupy or maintain any building or structure or
cause the same to be done contrary to or in violation of any provision of this Code.
Any person, firm or corportion who shall violate any of the provisions of this Code and/or
commit any act hereby declared to be unlawful shall upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more
than twenty thousand pesos or by imprisonment of not more than two years or by both such fine and
imprisonment, x x x " (Underscoring supplied).
"SEC. 301 Building Permits
"No person , firm or corporation, including any agency, or instrumentality of the government
shall erect, construct, alter, repair, move, convert or demolish any building or structure or cause the same
to be done without first obtaining a building permit therefor from the Building Official assigned in the
place where the subject building is located or the building work is to be done".
Therefore, once it has been determined by the Tangub City Engineer, who is the city's
Official, that there has been a violation under the above-quoted provisions, he may file
statement to that effect with the City Fiscal and it is incumbent upon th latter to proceed
preliminary investigation of the charges, and with the prosecution if therby warranted, as
criminal cases.
Please be guided accordingly.
(SGD.) VICENTE ABAD SANTOS
Secretary of Justice
Copy furnished:
Acting City Fiscal Jose A. Velasco
Tangub City
Building
a sworn
with the
in other
National Structural Code as a referral Code of PD 1096
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS AND HIGHWAYS
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY
MANILA
May 5, 1992
ENGR. ENGRACIO P. DE GRACIA
President
Association of Structural Engineer
of the Philippines, Inc.
5th Floor, Mareic Building, Tordesillas Street
Salcedo Village, Makati, Metro Manila
Dear Engr. De Gracia:
We are pleased to inform you that the Department of Public Works and Highways has completed the
review and evaluation of the proposed Fourth Edition of the National Structural Code of the
Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Towers and Other Vertical Structures, 1992. The Code was found
to have provided the minimum standards to assure public safety. It has also taken into account the latest
codal and technological developments that could improve safeguards against major failure and loss of
life.
By virtue of the authority vested in the Secretary pursuant to Section 203(3) of the National Building
Code of the Philippinrd (PD 1096), the Fourth Edition of the National Structural Code of the
Philippines, Volume 1, 1992 is hereby approved as a referral Code of PD 1096.
Very truly yours,
(Sgd.) JOSE DE JESUS
Secretary
Significant changes incorporated in the Fourth Edition are as follows:
*Chapter I.This chapter has been revised to cover only design and construction requirements.
Minimum design loads provisions have been transferred to Chapter 2. A new design requirement
requires an independent design review of the structure in high seismic areas. Construction involvement
and qualification of a structural engineer are also defined.
*Chapter 2. The Zoning map has been changed to indicate two seismic zones, 2 & 4. Sections on
seismic forces have been entirely changed to conform with the provisions of 1988 SEAOC. It is more
specific in its definition of structural systems, irregularities, and the details of dynamic analysis. The
wind requirements have been revised to conform with the provision of 1988 Uniform Building Code,
(UBC).
*Chapter 3. This chapter is an adoptation from the 1988 U.B.C. chapter on wood. the material
data, however, refers to Philippine Wood as determined by the Forest Product Research Insitute
(FOPRIDECOM).
*Chapter 4. This chapter on steel has been left unchanged from the previous edition except for the
addition of a Part 3. this part provides additional design and detailing requirements to reach the levels of
inelastic strength and stability of the structure subjected to substantial earthquake effects.
*Chapter 5. Special provision for seismic design of concrete structures, previously Appendix A of
Third Edition has been made an integral part of this Chapter. The rpovisions for the development length
for bars in tension, and tension lap splices have also been significantly revised.
*Chapter 6.
The provisions of the Third Edition for masonry have been adopted without change.
*Chapter 7 & 8. Chapter 8 "grading andEqrthworks" has been added. the provisions are adopted
from the 1988 U.B.C. edited to suit local conditions.
(Sgd.) EFREN H. SISON
Past President ASEP Overall Chairman NSCP 1992 Edition
MPW FORM NO. 77-003-B
Republic of the Philippines
Ministry of Public Works
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
_________________________________
District/City/Municipality
NOTICE OF ILLEGAL CONSTRUCTION
___________________ Notice
_________________________
Date Issued
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
Sir/Madam:
This is to inform that you have made an illegal construction/renovation/addition/assemblage/
demolition (others) ________________________________in violation of Section _________________
of the "National Building Code" (PD 1096). Compliance with the following is advised to wit:
Stop immediately illegal building activities in your premises.
You or your representative contact this Office within three (3) days from receipt
hereof
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
Failure to comply with this Notice shall cause this Office to institute proper legal action against you.
__________________________________
Building Official
Received: _______________________________
(Owner)
Date
: _______________________________
MPW FORM NO. 77-004-B
CERTIFICATE OF COMPLETION
THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
AREA CODE NO. _____________
THIS IS TO CERTIFY THT THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE BUILDING COVERED BY BUILDING PERMIT NO.
___________________ ISSUED ON ________________________________
HAS BEEN COMPLETED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE APPROVED PLANS AND SPECIFICATIONS ON FILE
WITH THE OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL AND THE "NATIONAL BUILDING CODE" (PD. 1096).
THAT THE SAID BUILDING AND/OR STRUCTURE IS READY FOR FINAL INSPECTION FOR THE ISSUANCE
OF THE "CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY".
NAME OF OWNER ________________________________ _________________________ ______________________
(LAST NAME)
(GIVEN)
(MIDDLE)
ADDRESS OF OWNER ______________________________________________________________
LOCATION OF CONSTRUCTION _____________________________________________________
USE OR TYPE OF OCCUPANCY ______________________________________________________
DATE OF START OF CONSTRUCTION:
PROPOSED ________________________ ACTUAL ____________________
DATE OF COMPLETION:
EXPECTED ______________________________ ACTUAL __________________________
NO. OF STORIES __________________________ ACTUAL HEIGHT ________________________
ESTIMATED COST P ________________________________________________________________
ACTUAL COST
a)
P ___________________________ (FOR STATISTICAL PURPOSES ONLY)
MATERIALS (TOTAL COST) P _____________________________________________________________
1. CEMENT bags
___________________________________________
2. LUMBER (cubic meter)
___________________________________________
3. REINFORCING BARS (kg.)
___________________________________________
4. NO. OF G.I. SHEETS
___________________________________________
5. PRE-FAB STRUCTURAL STEEL (kg)
___________________________________________
b) DIRECT LABOR (TOTAL COST) P _________________________________________
THIS INCLUDES COMPENSATION WHETHER BY SALARY OR CONTRACT FOR
PROJECT ARCHITECT/ENGINEER DOWN TO LABORERS.
c) RENTAL OF EQUIPMENT (IF ANY) ________________________________________________________
d) OTHER COSTS P ________________________________________________________________________
THIS INCLUDES PROFESSIONAL SERVICE FEES, PERMITS AND OTHER FEES.
IF CONSTRUCTION IS UNDERTAKEN BY CONTRACT:
_________________________________________________ _________________________________________________
ARCHITECT/CIVIL ENGINEER
CONTRACTOR
(IN-CHARGE OF CONSTRUCTION)
PRC REG. NO. _______________ CLASS _____________
TAN _________________ RES. CERT. ________________
CONFORME:
ADDRESS _______________________________________
__________________________________________________
________________________________________________
OWNER/APPLICANT
MPW FORM NO. 77-005-B
Republic of the Philippines
MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
__________________________________
District./City/Municipality
Area Code No. ______________
APPLICATION FOR CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY
(For Building Ocucpied Prior to PD 1096)
Name
of
Applicant/Owner:
_____________________________________________________________________________
Date:
______________________________________________________________________________________
Address:
______________________________________________________________________________________
Date:
______________________________________________________________________________________
Address:
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
Location
of
the
Building:
______________________________________________________________________________
Type of Construction: ________________________________________________________________________________
Type
of
Occupancy:
__________________________________________________________________________________
No. of Storeys: _____________________________________ Total Floor Area: _________________________________
Date
of
Completion
of
Construction:
_____________________________________________________________________
Building
Permit
No.
(if
any):
____________________________________
Date:
________________________________
Rea
Property
Tax
Declaration
No.:
_______________________________________________________________________
I, ____________________________________________________ of _____________________________________
(Name)
(Address)
___________________________________________ do hereby certify under oath that I am the owner/authorized
representative of the owner of the building described above which was completed and actually occupied in
_________________________________________________.
I further certify to my honest belief that the building is not hazardous to public safety and the electrical, mechanical and
sanitary facilities are in order for the reason that the building has been occupied continuously since its completion.
This sworn statement is executed for the purpose of securing Certificate of Occupancy for the Building described above.
____________________________________
Applicant/Owner
A C K N O W L E D G E M E N T
City/Municipality ________________________
Republic of the Philippines
) SS
)
Subscribed and sworn to before me this _____________ day of ____________ 19
________,
applicant/owner/representative exhibiting to me his residence Certificate No. A
___________ issued on
_____________________ at __________________.
___________________________________
Notary Public
Doc. No.
Page No.
Book No.
Series of
________________
________________
________________
________________
MPW FORM NO. 77-008-B
Republic of the Philippines
Ministry of Public Works
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
____________________________________
District/City/Municipality
A F F I D A V I T
(For Building Lots Affected by Road Widening and Other Proposed Development Projects)
KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS:
That I _______________________________________________________, Filipino citizen of legal
age, married to __________________________________________________/single, residing and with
postal address at _________________________________________________________________, City/
Municipaality of ___________________________________________________, Philippines, owner of
the proposed building of ______________________________________________________, and
materials to be used as _________________________________________________________, to be
constructed (reconstructed in original Lot No. __________________________,Block No.
________________________, Subdivision
_________________________________ covered by
Transfer Certificate of Title No.) _______________________, located at ________________________
__________________________________________ and of the lot on which said building is to be
constructed (reconstructed);
That the said building, if constructed, is affected by the proposed ________________________
_______________________________ or the widening of _______________________________ Street;
That I hereby undertake to demolish at my own expense the said building or any portion thereof that
may be affected when the government actually needs tha land on which it is constructed within a just and
reasonable time in connection with the ____________________________________________ or for the
wideming of _________________________________________________ Street. Provided, that any or
all expenses I may incur in the demolition of said building, shall be chargeable to my own account and
shall not be reimbursed by the City/Municipal Government;
That in case the demolition of the said building or any part thereof, will be undertaken by the
City/Municipal government, the cost of said demolition will constitute a lien of the immovable property
on which the said building is erected.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto affixed my signature this ___________________ day of
________________, 19 ___________ in the _____________________________________________.
____________________________________________ ___________________________________
Owner of Building
Owner/s of Lot
SIGNED IN THE PRESENCE OF:
1. ___________________________________ 2. _______________________________________
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES)
S. S.
Before me, a Notary Public in and for the ___________________________________________,
Philippines, this ____________________________ day of ______________________, 19 __________,
personally appeared ________________________________________________________ known to me
as the person who executed the foregoing instrument and he/she acknowledged to me that the same is
his/her free and voluntary act and deed.
Affiant exhibited to me his Residence Tax Certificate No. _______________________________
issued at _____________________ on ___________________ and Tax Account No. _______________
______________________.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto affixed my hand and notarial seal on the date and place
above stated.
________________________________
(NOTARY PUBLIC)
Until December 31, 19 ______
Doc. No.
Page No.
Book No.
Series of
__________
__________
__________
__________
MPW FORM NO. 77-010-B
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
________________________________
District/City/Municipality
Area Code ____________
APPLICATION FOR CHANGE OF USE OR OCCUPANCY
NAME OF APPLICANT: _____________________________________________________________________________
LAST NAME
GIVEN NAME
MIDDLE NAME
ADDRESS OF APPLICANT: __________________________________________________________________________
LOCATION OF BUILDING: __________________________________________________________________________
(Attached vicinity sketch)
USE OR TYPE OF OCCUPANCY:
EXISTING __________________________________ PROPOSED ______________________________
OCCUPANT LOAD:
EXISTING __________________________________ PROPOSED ______________________________
NO OF STORIES:
EXISTING __________________________________ PROPOSED ______________________________
FLOOR AREA:
EXISTING _______________ADDITIONAL _____________AREA AFFECTED BY CHANGE ___________
TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION:
EXISTING __________________________________ PROPOSED ______________________________
DATE OF COMPLETION OF EXISTING BUILDING ______________________________________________________
BUILDING PERMIT (if any) ___________________________________ DATE ________________________________
ORIGINAL CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY NO. ________________________________________________________
SUBMITTED BY:
_________________________________________________
APPLICANT
Conforme:
_______________________________________ Residence Cert. No. _______________________________________
OWNER OF BUILDING
Date Issued ______________________________________________
Place ___________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
BUILDING OFFICIAL
_________________________________________________
DATE
MPW FORM NO. 77-011-B
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
________________________________
District/City/Municipality
Area Code ____________
LOG BOOK SHEET
Building Permit No. _______________
Project: ______________________________________
Location: _____________________________________
Manpower Organization
Equipment Use
Weather
Date
ACTIVITIES
(If the construction is
undertaken by contract)
Prepared by
Submitted by
____________________________________
_______________________________________
Contractor
Architect / Civil Engineer
Contractor's License No. ________________
In-cahrge of Construction
Date Issued __________________________
Sign and Seal
COMMENTS / RECOMMENDATIONS :
_______________________________________
Building Official / Inspector
_______________________
Date
MPW FORM NO. 77-012-B
Page No. ________ at _____________________
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
______________________________________________
District / City / Municipality
OWNER _________________________________ Type of Construction _______________________
Location _________________________________ Permit No. _____________ Date _____________
Architect or Civil Engineer In-Charge of Construction _______________________________________
The following requirements have to be verified by the Building Inspector before proceeding with any
subsequent work.
1. Line and Grade, Foundation, Columns or Post
2. Floor Framing, Floor Overhang, Height of Floors
3. Roof Framing, Overhand of Eaves
BUILDING OFFICIALS INSPECTION REPORT
Date
Reports
Initial
NOTE:
This report shall be accomplished in triplicate (a copy of each for the owner, office file and
Building Official Inspector) which shall be issued with the Building Permit.
MPW FORM NO. 77-012-B
CERTIFICATE OF INSPECTION
For buildings occupied prior to PD 1096
NO. _______________
DATE _____________
NAME OF APPLICANT: _____________________________________________________________
ADDRESS: ________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
LOCATION OF BUILDING: __________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION: __________________________________________________________
NO. OF STOREY (S) _________________________________________________________________
TYPE OF OCCUPANCY: _____________________________________________________________
FLOOR AREA: _____________________________________________________________________
FAIR MARKET VALUE: _____________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
THE ABOVE BUILDING HAS BEEN INSPECTED AND FOUND TO BE SAFE FOR
CONTINUED OCCUPANCY AND IS THEREFORE RECOMMENDED FOR ISSUANCE OF A
CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY
__________________________________________
CHIEF, ENFORCEMENT DIVISION
FEE P ___________________
O.R. NO. _________________
DATE ___________________
MPW FORM NO. 77-013-B
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
____________________________________________
DISTRICT/CITY/MUNICIPALITY
CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY
For building occupied prior to PD 1096
NO. ______________________________
DATE ISSUED _____________________
This certifies that the _____________________________ owned by ___________________ which
was constructed and actually occupied before the effectivity of the NATIONAL BUILDING CODE (PD
1096) has been inspected and, as can be ascertained, found to be in safe condition, and the electrical,
mechanical and/or sanitary facilities are in order.
The owner shall continue to maintain this building, to enhance its architectural well-being, structural
stability and fire protective properties, and shall not use this building or any portion of it for purposes
other than its intended use as stated above.
This certificate is issued to legalize the occupancy of this building.
____________________________________
BUILDING OFFICIAL
NOTE:
This "CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY" shall be posted conspicuously whithin the premises of the
building and shall not be removed without authority from the BUILDING OFFICIAL.
The official number assigned to the building is ________________________________________
MPW Form No. 77-014-B
Republic of the Philippines
Ministry of Public Works
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
Bldg. Permit Application No.
____________________________ Excav. & Ground Prep. Permit No.
District/City/Municipality
Area Code _______________
______________________________
Date Applied
______________________________
Date Issued
EXCAVATION & GROUND PREPARATION PERMIT
Permit is hereby granted to _______________________________________________________
(Owner/Applicant)
for the excavation and ground preparation of his/her site located at ______________________________
___________________________________________________ for the construction of his/her proposed
___________________________________________________ building/structure for which a Building
(Use of Type of Occupancy)
Permit has been applied for in this Office, subject to the following conditions:
1.
This permit does not guarantee the subsequent granting of the principal building permit
process and that the owner/applicant undertakes the work or project at his/her own risk.
under
2.
This permit and the logbook shall be kept at the jobsite at all times for the duration of the project.
3.
All public facilities and utilities such as streets, sidewalks, curbs, gutters, electric, electric posts,
power and communication lines, water, sewer and drainage lines and the like shall be properly
protected against any damage and obstruction. Any facility and/or utility damaged shall be
properly repaired and restored to its original condition by the owner/applicant subject to the
approval of the Building Official and the proper authorities concerned.
4.
The owner and contractor shall be jointly responsible for the safety, protection, security and
convenience of the general public and his/her personnel, third parties, the works, equipment,
installation and the like. All wastes or discarded materials from the project shall be properly
stored and disposed of. Water wastes shall be discharged directly into drainage lines. Pertinent
provisions of the National Building Code (P.D. 1096) shall be complied with.
5.
This permit may be considered or revoked pursuant to Sections 305 and 306 of the National
Building Code (P.D. 1096).
Verified as to the following requirements.
____________________________ ____________________________ _________________________
Land Use and Zoning
Line and Grade
Court, Yard, Parking Space
_________________________________________
Building Official
MPW Form No. 77-015-B
Republic of the Philippines
Ministry of Public Works
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
Permit No.
________________________________
_________________________
District/City/Municipality
Date Issued
Area Code ______________________
SIDEWALK CONSTRUCTION PERMIT
Permit is hereby granted to _____________________________________________________________
with postal address at _______________________________________________________________________
for the construction/repair of ____________________________________________ square meters of sidewalk
at the premises of ______________________________ at ________________________________ pursuant
to pertinent provisions of the National Building Code (P.D. 1096) and its Implementing Rules and Regulations
and to the following conditions.
1. The owner and contractor shall be jointly responsible for the safety, protection, security and convenience
of the general public and his/her personnel, thirdparties, the works, equipment, installation and the like.
2. The lines and grades indicated in the attached sketch and established by this Office shall be strictly
followed.
3. The sidewalk and all accessories there to such as driveways, crubs and gutters and the like shall be
constructed in conformity with the design and specification of the proper authorities and subject to the approval
of the Building Official. The radius of curves of sidewalks in street intersections shall not be less than the width
of the widerr sidewalk at said intersection.
4. The catch basins or inlets which may be affected by the project shall be re-adjusted and/or relocated by
the proper authority at the expense of the owner/applicant of the project.
5. Absolutely no letterings, signs or makings of any kind except those duly authorized for official purposes
only shall be placed, printed on or embedded in the pvements of public streets anf sidewalks.
6. The works shall be done under the supervision of a representative from this Office.
7. This permit must be kept at the jobsite at all times for the duration of the project. It may be cancelled or
revoked pursuant to Sections 305 and 306 of the National Building Code (P.D. 1096) and when public interest so
demands.
Fee: ____________________
O.R. No. _________________
Issued: ___________________
Line & Grade Fee __________
O.R. No. _________________
Issued: ___________________
________________________________
Building Official
IMPORTANT: NOTIFY THIS OFFICE AT LEAST 24 HOURS BEFORE POURING OF CONCRETE.
MPW Form No. 77-016-B
Republic of the Philippines
Ministry of Public Works
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
Permit No.
___________________________
_____________________________
District/City/Municipality
Date Issued
Area Code ______________________
SIGN PERMIT
permfit is hereby granted to _______________________________________________________
with postal address at _________________________________________________________________
to install/attach/paint __________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
with the wordings: "___________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
at the premises of ____________________________________________________________________
as per attached sketch or location plan pursuant to pertinent provisions of the National Building Code
(P.D. 1096) and its Implementing Rules and Regulations and to the following conditions:
1.
The sign shall be installed in conformity with Rule V of the Implementing Rules and
Regulations of P.D. 1096.
2.
In case of electric or neon signs, the corresponding electrical permit therefor shall be
secured.
3.
This permit must be kept in the premises of the establishment wherein the sign is installed
for inspection purposes. It may be cancelled or revoked pursuant to Sections 305 and 306
of the National Building Code (P.D. 1096) and when public interest so demands.
With sketch of location
Date: ___________________
Fee: ____________________
O.R. No. ________________
Date: ___________________
______________________________
Building Official
MPW Form No. 77-017-B
Republic of the Philippines
Ministry of Public Works
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
Permit No.
___________________________
_____________________________
District/City/Municipality
Date Issued
Area Code ______________________
SCAFFOLDING PERMIT
(For the erection of scaffolding occupying street lines)
Permit is hereby granted to _______________________________________________________
with postal address at _________________________________________________________ to erect a
SCAFFOLDING for __________________________________________________________________
with a frontage of _____________________________ lineal meters at the premises of _____________
___________________________________________________ for a period of thirty (30) days inclusive
from ____________________________________, 19 _____ to ____________, 19 _____ pursuant to
pertinent provisions of the National Building Code (P.D. 1096) and its Implementing Rules and
Regulations and to the following conditions:
1.
The owner and contractor shall be jointly responsible for the safety, protection, security
and convenience of the general public and his/her personnel, third parties, the works,
equipment, installation and the like.
2.
The scaffolding shall not be erected on the roadway area nor shall it obstruct the free
passage of pedestrians.
3.
Surface drains and other utility fixtures or lines shall not be obstructed.
4.
This permit must be kept at the jobsite at all times for the duration of the project. It may
be cancelled or revoked pursuant to Section 305 and 306 of the National Building Code
(P.D. 1096) or when public interest so demands.
Fee: _____________________
O.R. No. __________________
Date: _____________________
____________________________________
Building Official
MPW Form No. 77-018-B
Republic of the Philippines
Ministry of Public Works
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
Permit No.
___________________________________
Sidewalk Permit No.
District/City/Municipality
______________________
Area Code ______________________
_____________________
______________________
Date Issued
_____________________
Date Issued
TEMPORARY SIDEWALK
ENCLOSURE AND OCCUPANCY PERMIT
Permit is hereby granted to _______________________________________________________ with postal
address at _________________________________________________________________ for the enclosure
and the occupancy of the sidewalk with a frontage of __________________________ (
) meters and a width
of _____________________ (
) meters or ________________________ square meters as indicated at the
back hereof at the premises of ________________________________ _________________________ for the
storage of construction materials for a period of _____________ ______________________________ (
)
days inclusive from ___________________, 19 ______ to _____________________, 19 _______ pursuant to
pertinent provisions of the National Building Code (P.D. 1096) and its implementing rules and regulations,
subject, further, to the following conditions:
1.
The owner and contractor shall be solely responsible for the safety, protection, security and
convenience of the general public and his/her personnel, third parties, the works, equipment,
installation and the like.
2.
No enclosures shall be made without first providing the required temporary sidewalk plank
which shall be properly maintained at all times.
3.
The enclosure shall be made of wooden T & G, Gauge 26 corrugated G.I., or any other similar
materials at least two meters (2.00 M) high, structurally sound and luminously painted for the
safety and conveniece of pedestrians. The width of the sidewalk to be occupaied shall be as
indicated at the back of this permit. The horizontal length of the enclosure and plank shall not
extend beyond the affected area of the project.
4.
No commercial sign whatsoever shall be painted on, attached to or displayed at the sidewalk
enclosure.
5.
This permit must be kept at the jobsite at all times for the duration of the projects. It may be
cancelled or revoked pursuant to Sections 305 and 306 of the National Building Code (P.D.
1096) or when public interest so demands.
Fee: _____________________
O.R. No. __________________
Date: _____________________
____________________________________
Building Official
MPW Form No. 77-020-B
Republic of the Philippines
Ministry of Public Works
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
___________________________________
District/City/Municipality
NOTICE OF VIOLATION
__________________ Notice
_______________________
Date Issued
___________________________________
___________________________________
Sir/Madam:
Please be informed that an inspection conducted by this Office on ________________________
_________________________________ of your building/structure/construction and premises located at
___________________________ Date Issued
_________________ reveals the following violation/s of the
National Building Code (P.D. 1096) and its implementing rules and regulations.
Failure to post or display the Certificate of Occupancy at a conspicuous place on the
premises of the building.
Non-compliance with work stoppage order for alteration/addition/conversion/ repair
without permit.
Use or occupancy without Certificate of Occupancy.
Change in existing use or occupancy without Certificate of Change of Occupancy.
Unauthorized change in type of construction from more fire-resistive to less fireresistive.
Non-compliance with order to abate or demolish.
Non-compliance with work stoppage order for construction without permit.
You (or your representative) contact this Office within three (3) days from receipt hereof. Failure to do so
shall be cause for this Office to institute appropriate action against you.
____________________________________
Building Official
Received by:
_____________________________________
Owner/Representative
_____________________________________
Date
_____________________________________
Served by
MPW Form No. 77-021-B
Republic of the Philippines
MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
DISTRICT/CITY/MUNICIPALITY
ARE CODE ________________
T O
:
CHIEF OF LOCAL FIRE SERVICE
_____________________________
SUBJECT
:
APPLICATION FOR BUILDING PERMIT
Pursuant to the provisions of the Memorandum of Agreement between the Ministry of National
Defense and the Ministry of Public Works, Transportation and Communications, dated August 1, 1978, I
have the honor to endorse to you one (1) set of plans and specifications for ______________________
______________________________ building to be constructed _______________________________
_________________________________________________________________________ for your
evaluation, review and/or recommendations with respect to fire safety and control requirements.
Quoted hereunder is the pertinent provision of said Memorandum of Agreement:
"Upon receipt of the application for Building Permit, the Building Official shall
refer one (1) set of the plans and specifications to the chief of the Local Fire
Service (CLFS) for his evaluation, review and/or reocmmendation with respect to
fire safety and control requirements. The CLFS shall submit his report and
recommendations to the Building Official within five (5) working days from date
of referral. Failure of the CLFS to act within said period shall mean that the plans
and specifications submitted conform with all the requirements of the FCP".
It is understood that your report and recommendations shall be submitted to this Office within five
(5) days from receipt hereof.
____________________________________
Building Official
Date transmitted to CLFS : ________________________
Date received by CLFS : ________________________
Date returned to Building Official: ___________________
Date received to Building Official: ___________________
MPW Form No. 77-022-B
Republic of the Philippines
MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
DISTRICT/CITY/MUNICIPALITY
ARE CODE ________________
T O
:
CHIEF OF LOCAL FIRE SERVICE
_____________________________
SUBJECT
:
COMPLETION OF CONSTRUCTION
Pursuant to the Memorandum of Agreement between the Ministry of National Defense and the
Ministry of Public Works, Transportation and Communications, dated August 1, 1978, please conduct a
final inspection of the building owned by __________________________________________________
located at ___________________________________________________________________________
for fire safety and control requirements.
In accordance with the provisions of said Memorandum of Agreement you are required to submit to
this Office the Fire Safety Inspection Certificate within five (5) working days from receipt of this
notification. Provided, that in case of non-issuance, suspension or revocation of said certificate of fire
safety inspection, the reasons or grounds therefore shall be stated by you in writing.
____________________________________
Building Official
Date transmitted to CLFS : ________________________
Date received by CLFS : ________________________
MPW Form No. 77-023-B
Republic of the Philippines
MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
DISTRICT/CITY/MUNICIPALITY
ARE CODE ________________
T O
:
CHIEF OF LOCAL FIRE SERVICE
_____________________________
SUBJECT
:
BUILDING PERMIT ISSUED
Attached hereto is a copy of the Building Permit No. _________________________ issued to
____________________________________________________ on ____________________________
for the construction/addition/alteration/repair of his __________________________________________
________________________ building located _____________________________________________
_____________________________________________.
In accordance with the Memorandum of Agreement between the Ministry of National Defense and
the Ministry of Public Works, Transportation and Communications, dated August 1, 1978, you are
"undertake the necessary inspection of the building during its construction in accordance
with the CLFS and its Implementing Rules and Regulations. The results and frequency of
these inspections shall be duly entered into the Construction Logbook Sheet and the same
shall be reported in writing to the Building Official for appropriate action".
____________________________________
Building Official
Date transmitted to CLFS : ________________________
Date received by CLFS : ________________________
MPW Form No. 77-024-B
Republic of the Philippines
MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
DISTRICT/CITY/MUNICIPALITY
________________________
____________________________
____________________________
S i r / Madam :
_____ Your sign, which was installed/erected before the promulgation of Rule V of the Implementing Rules and
Regulations of the National Building Code (P.D. 1096), although covered by a permit, has been found to
be non-conforming to the new rules. You are given a grace period of:
__________ for Neon signs, 12 months
__________ for all other signs, 6 months
from receipt of this notice to conform to the rule.
For more particulars, please contact this Office.
Your existing sign was installed erected wtihout any permit from this Office. However, it has been found
to conform to the provisions of Rule V of the Implementing Rules and Regulations of the National
Building Code (P.D. 1096).
The sign shall be allowed to remain provided you obtain a validating permit from this Office within thirty
(30) days from receipt of this Notice.
Your existing sign was installed/erected without any permit from this Office. Furthermfore, it does not
conform to the provisions of Rule V of the Implementing Rules and Regulations of the national Building
Code (P.D. 1096).
The sign shall be altered to conform to the said Rule. Please secure a Sign Permit from this Office not
later than sixty (60) days from receipt of this Notice.
Your existing sign has been found to be in dilapidated condition and is unsafe / an eyesore. Under the
provisions of Rule V of the Implementing Rules and Regulations of the National Building Code (PD
1096) you are required to restore your sign to a safe and satisfactory condition immediately upon receipt
of this Notices. Obtain a Sign Permit for the restoration of your sign.
For non-compliance with this Notice, this Office may restore the sign at your expense.
____________________________________
Building Official
Served by : ____________________
Received : ____________________
Date
: ____________________
MPW Form No. 77-002-E
Republic of the Philippines
MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
______________________________________
DISTRICT/CITY/MUNICIPALITY
Meter No. ______________
No. _____________
Electrical Division
CONDEMNED INSTALLATION NOTICE
Type of Occupancy _______________________________
_______________, 19 _____ Owner
of Building _______________________________ Occupant _______________________
THIS IS TO CERTIFY than an inspection has been made in accordance with the provisions of the
"National Building Code of the Philippines" (PD 1096) of the electrical installation and equipment
enumerated hereunder installed in your Building located at ____________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
LOAD
___________________________
____________________________ ________________________
LIGHTS
SWITCHES
CONVENIENCE OUTLET
Motors _______________________________________________________________________
Other Load ___________________________________________________________________
You are hereby notified that the electrical installation is CONDEMNED and the electrical defects
must be properly corrected under the supervision of a duly licensed Professional Electrical Engineering
under a wiring Permit issued by this Office within ten (10) days from receipt of this notice. Failure to do
shall be cause for this Office to recommend or the DISCONNECTION of your service mains and initiate
legal action against you.
Inspection Fee P_______________
This notice must be presented to the Office of the Building Official within ten (10) days for payment
of the above mentioned fee.
____________________________________
Building Official
Received:
_________________________________
(Owner)
_________________________________
(Date)
MPW Form No. 77-003-E
Republic of the Philippines
MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
______________________________________
DISTRICT/CITY/MUNICIPALITY
Electrical Division/Section
NOTICE OF ILLEGAL INSTALLATION
_______________ Notice
______________________
Date
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
Sir/Madam:
This is to inform you that you have made an illega electrical installation/connection in violation of
the provisions of the "National Building Code" (P.D. 1096) and its implementing rules and regulations,
Immediate compliance with the following is advised:
Stop immediately all illegal installations in your building and/or premises.
You or your representative contact this Office within three (3) days from receipt hereof.
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
Failure to comply with this notice shall be cause for this Office to institute proper legal action against
you.
____________________________________
Building Official
Received:
_________________________________
(Owner)
_________________________________
(Date)
MPW Form No. 77-004-E
Republic of the Philippines
MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
______________________________________
DISTRICT/CITY/MUNICIPALITY
ELECTRICAL DIVISION
PERMIT FOR TEMPORARY SERVICE CONNECTION
O. R. No. _____________________
Permit No. ___________________
___________________, 19 ______
Date
NAME OF APPLICANT (Last Name, First Name, M.I.)
Address (No. Street, Barangay, City/Municipality)
T.A.N.
Tel. No.
Location of Installation (No. Street, Barangay)
Number of Outlets: Lights __________________________________ Switches __________________
Others __________________________________
Nature of Work: ___________________________________________
________________________________________ __________________________________________
Owner/Applicant
Electrical Engineer/Master Electrician
Res. Cert. No. A. _____________________
P.R.C. Reg. No. ____________________________
Issued at ____________________________
P.T.R.
___________________________________
Date Issued __________________________ Res. Cert. No. ______________________________
T.A.N. ______________________________ Issued at __________________________________
Date Issued _______________________________
T.A.N. ___________________________________
PERMIT is hereby granted to connect the electrical installation with the authorized load specified
hereunder located at ___________________________________________________________ for a
period of ___________________________________________________________ days from date
________________________________________ after which period the service shall be disconnected.
This permit shall be suspended or revoked any time before its expiration whenever alterations or
change is the wiring system have rendered it unsafe.
Republic of the Philippines
MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
______________________________________
DISTRICT/CITY/MUNICIPALITY
Area Code _________________
CERTIFICATE OF COMPLETION
ELECTRICAL WORKS
This is to certify that the electrical installations/works of the building covered by Building Permit
No. _______________________ issued on __________________ has been completed in accordance
with the approved plans and specifications on file with the Office of the Building Official and the
National Building Code (P.D. 1096). That the said installations/works is ready for final inspection.
NAME OF OWNER: _________________________________________________________________
LAST NAME
GIVEN NAME
MIDDLE INITIAL
ADDRESS OF OWNER:
__________________________________________________________
LOCATION OF CONSTRUCTION: _____________________________________________________
USE OR TYPE OFOCCUPANCY: ___________________________________________________
DATE OF START OF CONSTRUCTION: ________________________________________________
DATE
OF
_____________________________________________________________
COMPLETION:
TOTAL NUMBER OF OUTLETS AND EQUIPMENT INSTALLED
LIGHTS _____________________ SWITCHES ___________________ CONVENIENCE OUTLETS ________________
BELL SYSTEM __________ ELECTRICAL RANGE _______ KW ______ WATER HEATER ___________ KW
______
AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM _________ HP ________ TELEPHONE _________ MOTORS ___________ HP ______
OTHERS
(specify)
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
In-charge of construction
If construction is undertaken by contract
____________________________________________ _________________________________
ELECRTRICAL ENGINEERING/MASTER ELECTRICIAN
CONTRACTOR
P.R.C. Reg. No. _________________ Date _________________ P.R.C. Reg. No. ___________ Class ____________
TAN _____________ Res. Cert. ___________ Date __________ TAN __________ Res. Cert. ______ Date ________
Address ______________________________________________ Address ____________________________________
Conforme
___________________________________
OWNER/APPLICANT
(For statistical purposes only)
NUMBER OF STORIES ______________________________________________________________
ESTIMATED COST __________________________________________________________________
ACTUAL COST _____________________________________________________________________
a) Materials (Total Cost) P
1. Electrical wires ________________________________________________________
2. Lighting outlets _______________________________________________________
3. Convenience outlets ____________________________________________________
4. Switches _____________________________________________________________
Others (specify) ________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
b) Other costs _____________________________________________________________
This includes professional fees, permits and other fees.
Master Electricians can sign for electrical installation up to 20 outlets or up to 4kw.
WORK SHEET
III. ELECTRICAL SECTION
1. Loads to be Connected:
Convenience outlets ___________________
Switches ____________________________
Bell System __________________________
Elec. range ___________________________
Generator ____________________________
Communication ________________
Light _________________________
Others (specify) ________________
______________________________
______________________________
2. Nature of Works: _______________________________________________________________
3. Type of Service: Voltage _____________ Size of Wire _____________ Phone _____________
4. Remarks: _____________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
I hereby certify that the above data and information are true and correct to the best of my knowledge
and belief.
________________________________________ __________________________________________
Electrical Engineer/Master Electrician
ELECTRICAL FESS
Computed by:
________________________________________ P.T.C. No. ________________________________
P.T.R. No. _________________ TAN __________
_______________________________
Address ___________________________________
Res. Certificate A - _________________________
Surcharge P ______________
Issued At _________________________________
Total
P ______________
Date Issued ________________________________
________________________________________
LOAD
__________________________________
____________________________________
__________________________________
____________________________________
__________________________________
____________________________________
__________________________________
____________________________________
Nature of Work _____________________
Inspector __________________________
Fee: P ____________________________
Paid under Official Receipt No. ________
Date __________________, 19 ________
Contractor __________________________
Owner/Occupant _____________________
Recommending Approval:
___________________________________
Electrical Engineer
____________________________________
Building Official
NOTE:
Renewals or extension of this permit and/or final certification of the electrical installation are subject
to inspection and payment of corresponding fee in conformity with pertinent provisions of the"National
Building Code" (P.D. 1096) and its implementing rules and regulations.
MPW Form No. 77-008-E
Republic of the Philippines
MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
______________________________________
District/City/Municipality
Mechanical Division/Section
NOTICE OF ILLEGAL INSTALLATION/OPERATION
Notice ___________
__________________
Date Issued
________________________________
________________________________
________________________________
Sir/Madam:
This is to inform you that you have made an illegal Mechanical Installation/Operation in violation of
the provisions of the "National Building Code" (P.D. 1096) and its implementing rules and regulations.
Immediate compliance with the following is advised:
Stop immediately all illegal mechanical installation/operation in your building and/or
premises.
You or your representative contact this Office within three (3) days from receipt.
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
Failure to comply with this notice shall be cause for his Office to institute proper legal action against
you.
____________________________________
Building Official
Received: _________________________________
Owner
Date: ____________________________________
MPW Form No. 77-009-E
Republic of the Philippines
MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS
OFFICE OF THE BUILDING OFFICIAL
______________________________________
District/City/Municipality
MECHANICAL DIVISION/SECTION
CONDEMNED INSTALLATION NOTICE
__________________
Date
Type of Occupancy __________________________ Occupant ________________________________
Type of Building ____________________________ Machine Installed _________________________
This is to certify that an inspection has been made in accordance with the provisions of the "National
Building Code of the Philippines" (P.D. 1096) of the mechanical installation and equipment enumerated
hereunder installed/located at _______________________________________.
You are hereby notified that the mechanical installation is condemned and the mechanical defects
must be properly corrected under the supervision of a duly licensed Professional Mechanical
Engineer/Mechanical Engineer under a Mechanical Permit issued by this Office within ten (10) days
from receipt of this notice. Failure to do shall be cause for his Office to recommend the removal of your
mechanical equipment and initiate legal actions against you.
Inspection Fee, P___________________
This notice must be presented to the building official within ten (10) days for payment of the abovementioned fee.
____________________________________
Building Official
Received: _________________________________
Owner
Date: ____________________________________
THE LAW TO ENHANCE MOBILITY
OF DISABLED PERSONS
BATAS PAMBANSA BLG. 344
AN ACT TO ENHANCE THE MOBILITY OF DISABLED PERSONS BY REQUIRING CETAIN
BUILDINGS; INSTITUTIONS, ESTABLISHMENTS, AND PUBLIC UTILITIES TO INSTALL
FACILITIES AND OTHER SERVICES.
Be it enacted by the Batasang Pambansa in session assembled:
Section 1. In order to promote the realization of the rights of disabled persons to aprticipate fully in
the social life and the development of the societies in which they live and enjoyment of the opportunities
available to other citizens, no license or permit for the construction, repair or renovation of public and
private buildings for public use, educational institutions, airports, sports and recreation centers and
complexes, shopping centers or establishments, public parking places, workplaces, public utilities, shall
be granted or issued unless the owner or operator thereof shall install and incorporate in such building,
establishment, institution or public utility, such architectural facilities or structural features as shall
reasonably enhance the mobility of disabled persons such as sidewalks, ramps, railings and the life. If
feasible, all such existing buildings, institutions, establishments, or public utilities may be renovated or
altered to enable the disabled persons to have access to them: Provided, however, That buildings,
institutions, establishments, or public utilities to be constructed or established for which licenses or
permits had already been issued may comply with the requirements of this law: Provided, further, That
in case of government buildings, streets and highways, the Ministry of Public Works and Highways shall
see to it that the same shall be provided witha rchitectural facilities or structural features for disabled
persons.
In the case of the parking place of any of the above institutions, buildings, or establishments, or
public utilities, the owner or operator shall reserve suffucient and suitable space for the use of disabled
persons.
Sec. 2. In case of public conveyance, devices such as the prominent display of posters or stickers
shall be used to generate public awareness of the rights of the disabled and foster understanding of their
special needs. Special bus stops shall be designed for disabled persons. Discriminating against disabled
persons in the carriage or transportation of passengers is hereby declared unlawful.
Sec. 3. The Minister of Public Works and Highways and the Minister of Transportation and
Communications, in coordination with the National Commission Concerning Disabled Persons, shall
prepare the necessary rules and regulations to implement the sprovisions of this Act.
Sec. 4. Any person violating any provision of this Act or of the rules and regulations promulgated
hereunder shall, upon conviction by a court of competent jurisdiction, suffer the penalty of imprisonment
of not less than one month but not more than one year or a fine of P2,000 to P5,000 or both, at the
discretion of the court: Provided, That in the case of corporations, partnerships, cooperatives or
associations, the president, manager or administrator, or the person who has charge of the construction,
repair or renovation of the building, space or utilitites shall be criminally responsible for any violation of
this Act and/or rules and regulations promulgated pursuant thereto.
Sec. 5. All laws, executive and administrative orders, rules and regulations inconsistent with the
foregoing provisions are hereby replaced or amended accordingly.
Sec. 6. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
Approved: February 25, 1983.
MPWH Instructions on BP 344
MINISTRY OF PUBLIC WORKS AND HIGHWAYS
May 1985
MINISTRY ORDER
No. 14
SERIES OF 1985
y-----------x
SUBJECT: IMPLEMENTATION OF
BATAS PAMBANSA BLG. 344
TO: All Regional Directors, District City/Municipal Engineers/Building Officials,
the BRDS and all concerned.
Batas Pambansa Blg. 344, An Act fo Enhance the Mobility of Disabled Persons by Requiring Certain
Buildings, Institutions, Establishments and Public Utilities to Install Facilities and other Devices, which
was signed by the President last February 25, 1983, is now in full force 30 days after the publication of
its Implementing Rules and Regulations in the Official Gazetter last September 3, 1984.
xxxxxxxxx
Pursuant to said law, no building permit shall be issued for the construction, repair or renovation of
public and private buildings for public use, educational institutions, airports, sports and recreational
centers and complexes, shopping centers or establishments and parking spaces and such other places as
classified in the Implementing Rules and Regulations 9IRR) unless the owner thereof shall install and
incorporate in such building, establishment or institution such architectural facilities or structural
features as shall reasonably enhance the mobility of disabled persons such as sidewalks, ramps, railings
and such other devices as provided in the IRR. In case of streets and highways, same shall be provided
with such facilities or features for disabled persons also as described and provided in the same IRR.
The Manpower Development Service with the technical assistance of the Building Research and
Development Staff (BRDS) shall conduct a continuing information campaign to acquaint all enforcing
officers and attached agencies of this Ministry on the provisions of said law.
Said offices shall coordinate with the National Commission Concerning Disabled Persons (NCCDP)
and in consonance with the attached National Plan of Action for CY 1985 on the implementation of B.P.
Blg. 344.
For compliance.
(Sgd.) JESUS S. HIPOLITO
Minister
Amended Rules and Regulations Implementing
the Law to Enhance Mobility of Disabled Persons
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
OFFICE THE PRESIDENT
NATIONAL COMMISSION CONCERNING DISABLED PERSONS
IMPLEMENTING RULES AND REGULATIONS OF BATAS PAMBANSA BILANG 344 - "AN
ACT TO ENHANCE THE MOBILITY OF DISABLED PERSONS BY REQUIRING CERTAIN
BUILDINGS, INSTITUTIONS, ESTABLISHMENTS, AND PUBLIC UTILITIES TO
FACILITIES AND OTHER DEVICES"
INSTALL
RULE I - SCOPE AND APPLICATION
1. Purpose:
The Rules and Regulations set forth herein provide for minimum requirements and standards
to make buildings, facilities and utilities for public use accessible to disabled persons, pursuant to
the objectives of Batas Pambansa Bilang 344, "An Act to Enhance the Mobility of disabled
Persons by Requiring Certain Buildings, Institutions, Establishments and Public Utilities to
Install Facilities and Other Devices".
2. Definition of Terms:
For the purpose of these Rules and Regulations, the words, terms and phrases enumerated in
Annex "A" hereof shall have the meaning as provided therein.
3. Scope:
The provisions of these Rules and Regulations shall apply to the following 3.1
Public and private buildings and related structures for public use and which shall be
constructed, repaired or renovated.
3.2
Streets and highways and public utilities
3.2.1
3.2.3
3.3
Streets and highways 3.2.2
Public transport vehicles which shall include:
a)
Passenger buses
b)
Passenger trains, including those of the Light Rail Transit Authority
(LRTA)
c)
Passenger boats and ships.
d)
Passenger airplanes
Public Telephones
Public transport terminals including those of LRTA
4. Application:
4.1
Public and private buildings and related structures for public use. No permit for the
construction, repair or renovation of public and private buildings and related structures
for public use, whether owned or leased, shall be granted or issued, unless the owner
thereof shall have provided in the places and specifications submitted for approval
barrier-free facilities and accessibility features as provided in these Rules and in
accordance with the following criteria -
4.1.1
Buildings and related structures to be constructed a)
At the space where the primary function is served and where facilities and
ingree/egress of the building or structure are located, as to make such
space accessible to the disabled persons; provided, however, that where
the primary function can be served at the ingress level is provided with
facilities, requirements for accessibility at other levels may be waived.
b)
Ten percent (10%) of the total number of units of government-owned
living accommodations shall be accessible and fully usable by the disabled
persons with any fractional part in excess of one-half (1/2) in the
computation thereof, to be considered as one unit; for privately-owned
living accommodations the number of accessible units shall be as provided
in Section 3 of Rules II hereof.
c)
Ingress/egress from the street to the building or structure shall be made
accessible.
d)
Accessible slots in parking areas shall be located as near as possible to
ingress/egress spaces of the building or structure.
4.1.2 Buildings and related structures to be repaired or renovated including those
proposed for a change of occupancy If possible, barrier-free facilities and accessibility features shall be provided in
accordance with the requirements under Sub-section 4.1.1 (a), (c) and (d):
feasibility of incorporation of barrier-free facilities and accessibility features shall
be determined from all the following conditions:
a)
When the reapir or renovation work is to be done in the space where the
primary function is served;
b)
When the facilities can be made accessible at any other level which is
accessible by means of an elevator with a minimum width of 800 mm;
c)
When the space alloted for the primary function will not be diminished by
more than ten percent (10%) of its original area;
d)
When the capacity or strength of any major structural component, such as
slabs, beams, guiders, columns, bearing walls and footings of the building
or structure will not be diminished;
e)
When the cost (exclusive of the exception provided below) of such repair
or renovation work is in excess of twenty percent (20%) of the total cost of
the building or structure, based upon the computation of permit fees as
provided under Rule III of the Implementing Rules and Regulations
promulgated. Pursuant to P.D. 1096 entitled: "The National Building
Code of the Philippines";
f)
When there is no legal constraint which would not allow compliance with
these regulations:
EXCEPTION: Repair or renovation work which consists only of heating,
ventilating and airconditioning systems, including those which may be
required only with respect to fire, panic and explosion safety for existing
spaces, shall not be subject to the requirements for barrier-free facilities
and accessibility features.
4.1.3 Streets, highways and transport related structures to be constructed Streets, highways and transport related structures shall be provided with the
following barrier-free facilities and accessibility features at every pedestrian
crossing: ramps and other accessible features in buildings of the sectoral offices
and attached agencies of DOTC; transporation terminals and passenger waiting
areas for use of disabled persons;
a)
Cut-out curbs and accessible ramps at the sidewalks.
b)
Audio-visual aids for crossing
EXCEPTION:
Requirements for accessibility at pedestrian grade
separations or overpasses and underpasses may be waived.
4.1.4 Existing streets and highways to be repaired and renovated The accessibility requirements under Sub-section 4.2.1 shall be provided where
the portion of existing street and highways to be repaired or renovated includes
part or the entire pedestrian crossing.
4.2.1 Transport vehicles for public use a)
No license or franchise for the operation of public buses, passenger boats,
ships and domestic airplanes shall be granted or issued unless the owner or
operator thereof shall have provided and designated the number of seats
and shall have placed audio-visual aids required by Sections 5 & 8 of Rule
IV for the disabled persons.
b)
Government instrumentalities operating passenger trains including the
Light Rail Transit Authority shall have provided the number of seats for
disabled persons required, by Section 5 of Rule IV.
c)
Government instrumentalities operating passenger airplanes shall provide
and deisgnate the number of seats for disabled persons and shall likewise
place the audio-visual aids required by Sec. 5 of Rule IV.
4.2.2 Existing Public Transport Vehicles -
The minimum accessibility requirements in Section 6.0 of Rule IV shall apply to
all existing units of public transport vehicles, and including those units which are
to be repaired and renovated.
4.2.3 Public Telephones At least one unit of public telephones for every five (5) units shall be accessible to
disabled persons and shall be provided with visual aids required under Sec. 2.14
of Rule II, provided that if only one (1) public telephone is to be installed in a
particular place the same shall be accessible to disabled persons.
4.2.4 Public Transport Terminals The criteria and accessibility requirements, provided for public and private
buoldings and related structures for public use under sub-section 4.1 shall apply to
public transport terminals.
5. Special Standards of Accessibility
Where the requirtements for accesibility in the Rules will create an unreasonable hardship in
design/construction, special standards of accessibility through the use of other methods and/or
materials shall be allowed if better facilities can be provided subject to the approval of the
National Council for the Welfare of Disabled Persons.
RULE II - MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR
ACCESSIBILITY
1. Design Criteria:
1.1
CATEGORIES OF DISABLED PERSONS. The categories of disability dictate the
varied measures to be adopted in order to create an accessible environment for the
handicapped. disabled persons under these Rules may be classified into those who have:
1.1.1
Impairments requiring confinement to wheelchairs; or
1.1.2
Impairments causing difficulty or insecurity in walking or climbing stairs or
requiring the use of braces, crutches or other artificial supports; or impairments
caused by amputation, arthritis, spastic conditions or pulmonary, cardiac or other
ills rendering individuals semi-ambulatory; or
1.1.3 Total or partial impairments of hearing or sight causing insecurity or likelihood of
exposure to dnager in public places; or
1.1.4 Impairments due to conditions of aging and incoordination;
1.1.5 Mental impariments whether acquired or congenital in nature.
1.2
ANTHROPOMETICS AND DIMENSIONAL DATA AS GUIDES FOR DESIGN. The
minimum and maximum dimensions for spaces in the built environment should consider
the following criteria:
1.2.1
The varying sizes and statures of persons of both sexes, their reaches and their
lines of sight at both the standing and sitting positions.
These hold for both disabled and non-disabled persons. For purposes of catering
to most people, measures to be used are to refer to average-sized persons
according to current international literature.
1.2.2
The dimensional data of the technical aids of disabled persons.
Included in the second consideration are the dimensions of wheelchairs; the
minimum space needed for locking and unlocking leg braces plus the range of
distance of crutches and other walking aids from persons using such devices.
By applying at this very early stage dimensional criteria which take into account
wheelchair usage, the physical environment will ultimately encourage and enable
wheelchair users to make full use of their physical surroundings.
1.2.3
The provision of adequate space for wheelchair maneuvering generally insures
adequate space for disabled persons equipped with other technical aids or
accompanied by assistants.
In determining the minimum dimensions for furniture and fixtures accessible to
disabled persons, the following anthropometric data shall serve as guides for
design.
The length of wheelchairs varies from 1.10 m to 1.30 m. The width of
wheelchairs is from 0.60 m to 0.75 m. A cricle of 1.50 m in diameter is a suitable
guide in the planning of wheelchair turning spaces.
The comfortable reach of persons confined to wheelchairs is from 0.70 m to 1.20
m above the floor and not less than 0.40 m from room corners. the comfortable
clearnace for knee and leg space under tables for wheelchair users is 0.74 m.
Counter heights shall be placed at a level comfortable to disabled persons' reach.
Refer to Annex B - 2 to B - 6, figs. 2 to 8.
1.3
BASIC PHYSICAL PLANNING REQUIREMENTS. No group of people shall be
deprived of full participation and enjoyment of the environment or be made unequal with
the rest due to any disability. In order to achieve this goal adopted by the United Nations,
certain basic principles shall be applied:
1.3.1
ACCESSIBILITY. The built environment shall be designed so that it shall be
accessible to all people. This means that no criteria shall impede the use of
facilities by either the handicapped or non-disabled citizens.
1.3.2
REACHABILITY. Provisions shall be adapted and introduced to the physical
environment so that as many places or buildings as possible can be reached by all.
1.3.3
USABILITY. The built environment shall be designed so that all persons,
whether they be disabled or not, may use and enjoy it.
1.3.4
ORIENTATION. Finding a person's way inside and outside of a building or open
space shall be made easy for everyone.
1.3.5
SAFETY. Designing for safety insures that people shall be able to move about
with less hazards to life and health.
1.3.6
WORKABILITY AND EFFICIENCY. The built environment shall be designed
to allow the disabled citizens to participate and contribute to developmental goals.
RULE III - SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR BUILDINGS
AND RELATED STRUCTURES
FOR PUBLIC USE
1. Classification of Buildings By Use of Occupancy:
1.1
Occupancy classified categories enumerated in Section 701 of the National Building
Code (PD 1096) are hereby adapted.
1.1.1
Category I - Residential - This shall comprise Group A and partly Group B
Buildings.
1.1.2
Category II - Commercial and Industrial - This shall comprise partly Groups B, C,
E, F, G, H and I Buildings.
1.1.3
Category III - Educational and Industrial - This shall comprise partly Groups C,
D, E, and H Buildings.
1.1.4
Category IV - Agricultural - This shall comprise partlyGroup J Buildings.
1.1.5 Category V - Ancillary - This shall comprise partly Group J Buildings.
2.
Architectural Features and Facilities:
Where the following features and facilities are architectural design requirements in accordance
with generally accepted architectural practice, the same shall in accordance with Rule II, be made
accessible/barrrier-free and shall include the corresponding graphic signs.
2.1 Architecturual facilities and features:
2.1.1 A - Stairs
2.1.2 B - Walkways
2.1.3 C - Corridors
2.1.4 D - Doors and Entrances
2.1.5 E - Washrooms and Toilets
2.1.6 F - Lifts/Elevators
2.1.7 G - Ramps
2.1.8 H - Parking Areas
2.1.9 I - Switches, Controls, Buzzers
2.1.10 J - Handrails
2.1.11 K - Thresholds
2.1.12 L - Floor Finishes
2.1.13 M - Drinking Fountains
2.1.14 N - Public Telephones
2.1.15 O - Seating Accommodations
3. CATEGORY I
The following requirements shall only apply to government owned buildings.
3.1
Group A
3.1.1
Single detached. Ten percent (10%) of the total units to be constructed.
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, and L.
3.1.2
Duplexes: Ten percent (10%) of the total units to be constructed
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, and L
3.1.3
School or company staff housing units: One (1) unit for 26 to 50 units to be
constructed and 1 additional unit for every 100 units thereafter.
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, and L
3.2
Group B
3.2.1
4.
Multiple dwelling units or high-rise residential condominiums or tenement
houses. One (1) unit from 26 up to 50 units to be constructed and an additional
unit for every 100 units at ingress level in case there is not barrier-free elevator
provided. Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I,
J, K, L, and M.
CATEGORY II
The following requirements shall apply to both government and privately-owned buildings.
4.1
Group B
4.1.1
Accessories, tenement house and/or row houses, apartment houses and/or town
houses. One (1) unit for every 50 units up to 150 units and an additional unit for
every 100 units thereafter.
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, and L.
4.1.2
Hotels, motels, inns, pension houses and/or apartels. One (1) unit for every 50
units up to 150 units and an additional unit for every 100 units of ingress level, in
case there is no barrier-free elevators; provided that in all cases, one unit (1) shall
be provided at ingress level.
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and N.
4.1.3
Private or "off campus" Dormitories: One (1) unit for every 50 units up to 150
units and an additional dwelling unit for every 100 units thereafter at ingress level.
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and N.
4.2
Group C
4.2.1
Amusement Halls and Parlors
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, and O.
4.2.2
Massage and Sauna Parlors
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L,
and M.
4.3
Group E - 1
4.3.1 Train Stations and Terminals
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, and O.
4.3.2 Bus depots and terminals
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, and O.
4.3.3 Transportation Office
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, and O.
4.3.4
Airport terminal buildings and heliports
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, and O.
4.3.5
Ports and harbor facilities, landing piers sheds, ferry landing stations.
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, and O.
4.4
Group E - 2
4.4.1 General wholesale and retail stores
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, and
N.
4.4.2
Shopping centers and supermarkets and public markets
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and N.
4.4.3
Restaurants, dining and drinking establishments
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and N.
4.4.4
Office Buildings
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and N.
4.4.5 Financial Institutions
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and N.
4.4.6
Funeral parlors, morgues and crematories
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, and O.
4.4.7
Memorial and Mortuary Chapels
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, and O.
4.5
Group H - I, Group H-4 and Group I
4.5.1 Theaters, Auditoriums and Convention Halls
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, and O.
4.5.2 Concert Halls and Opera Houses
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, and O.
4.5.3 Collisea and sports complexes and stadiums
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, and O.
4.6
Group F
4.6.1 Dairies and Creameries
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, and
M.
4.6.2 Factories and workshops using incombustible or non-explosive materials
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, and
M.
4.6.3 Breweries, bottling plants, canneries and tanneries
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, and
M.
4.7
Group G - 3
4.7.1
Wood working establishments, lumber and timber yards.
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, and
M.
4.7.2
Pulp, paper and paper board factories
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, and
M.
4.7.3
Textile and fiber spinning mills
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, and
M.
4.7.4
Garment and undergarment factories
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, and
M.
5.
CATEGORY III
5.1
Group C
5.1.1
Educational institutions (schools, colleges, universities, vocational schools,
seminaries and novitiaties), including schools auditoriums, gymnasia, reviewing
stands, little theaters and concert halls.
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, and O.
5.1.2
Libraries, museums, exhibition halls and art galleries
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, and O.
5.1.3
Civil Centers
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and O.
5.1.4
Clubhouses and lodges
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and N.
5.1.5
Community Centers
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and O.
5.2
Group D - 1
5.2.1
Mental hospitals, mental sanitaria, mental asylums.
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and N.
5.2.2
Jails, prisons, reformatories, correctional institutions
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and N.
5.2.3
Rehabilitation Centers
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and N.
5.2.4
Leprosaria
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and N.
5.3
Group D - 2
5.3.1 Homes for the Aged
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and N.
5.3.2 Hospitals and Sanitaria
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and N.
5.4.
Group D - 3
5.4.1
Nursing Homes for ambulatory patients
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and N.
5.4.2
Orphanages
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and N.
5.5
Group E - 7
5.5.1 Police and fire stations
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and N.
5.6
Group H
5.6.1 Churches, temples, chapels and similar places of worship.
Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
and O.
6.
CATEGORY IV
6.1
Group J - 1
6.1.1
Agricultural buildings Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E,
G, H, I, J, K, and L.
7. STANDARD OF ACCESSIBILITY FOR SPECIAL TYPE OF FACILITIES
7.1
The provision of this section shall apply to the specifiedtype of facilities and identified
specific requirements for accessibility and usability which shall be provided for each of
the listed occupancy uses.
7.1.1
Auditoriums, assemblyhalls, theaters, and related facilities:
a)
Seating for the disabled shall be accessible fromt he main lobby to primary
entrances, together with related toilet facilities.
b)
In all assembly places where seating accommodation is provided, there
shall be spaces for the disabled persons as provided.
Seating Capacity
4 51 301
5
300
- 500
Wheelchair Seating Space
2
4
6
c)
When the seating capacity exceeds 500 an additional wheelchair seating
space shall be provided for each total seating capacity increase of 100
seats.
d)
Readily removable seats may be installed in these spaces when such
spaces are not required to accommodate wheelchair users.
8. COMPUTATION OF ACCESSIBLE UNITS
In the computation for the allocation of accessible units and seating capacity decimal greater than
0.5 shall be considered as one unit. In all cases a minimum of one (1) accessible unit shall be
provided.
9. APPLICATION OF BARRIER-FREE FACILITIES AND FEATURES
9.1
Graphic signs shall be bold and conspicously installed in every access from point of entry
to connecting destination.
9.2
Walkways shall be provided with adequate passageway in accordance with the provision
illustrated in Rule II.
9.3
Width of corridors and circulation system integrating both horizontal and vertical access
to ingress/egress level of the building shall be provided.
9.4
Doors and entrances provided herein used as entry points at entrance lobbies as local
points of congregation shall be designed to open easily or accessible from floor to floor or
to any point of destination.
9.5
washroom and toilets shall be accessible and provided with adequare turning space (see
Sec. 2.5 of Rule II).
9.6
Whenever elevator/s is required it should meet the requirements provided in Section 2.6
of Rule II.
9.7
Ramps shall be provided as means of access to level of change going to entry points and
entrances of lobbies influenced by condition of location or use.
9.8
Parking areas shall be provided with sufficient space for the disabled persons to allow
easy transfer from carpark to ingree/egress levels. 9.9 Height above the floor of
switches and controls shall be in accordance with the provisions of Sec. 2.9, Rule II.
9.10
Handrails shall be provided at both sides of ramps in accordance with Sec. 2.10 of Rule
II.
9.11
Floors provided for every route of the wheelchair shall be made of non-skid material.
9.12
Water fountains shall be installed as required and as provided in Sec. 2.13 of Rule II.
RULE IV - REQUIREMENTS FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
1. Classification of public converances by mode of transport shall be as foolws:
1.1
Land Transportation - This shall refer to buses having a minimum seating capacity of 50
persons for regular buses and 40 persons for airconditioned buses. This shall include
regular city buses, regular provincial buses, air-conditioned city buses (Love Bus and
Pag-ibig Bus) and air-conditioned tourist and provicial buses.
1.2
Rail Transporation - This shall refer to the three railway systems in the country, the
Philippine National Railways (PNR) operating in the island of Panay and the Light Rail
Transit Authority (LRTA) operating in Metro Manila.
1.3
Water Transportation - This shall refer to domestic passenger ships, ferry boats and other
passenger-carrying water transporation.
1.4
Air Transportation - This shall refer to the domestic passenger airplanes.
2.
No franchise or permit to operate public transportation units shall be granted, issued or renewed
unless such units are constructed or renovated in accordance with the requirements.
3.
If feasible, all owners or operators of existing public transport utilities shall modify or renovate
their units to accommodate disabled persons.
4.
The construction or renovation of public transport utilities covered by these rules shall be subject
to compliance witht he body designs and specifications as provided under existing rules and
regulations.
5.
Posters or stickers shall be conspicuously displayed inside the units. (see Annex C - 1 Figure 1).
6.
Public transportation shall have designated seats for disabled persons.
6.1
Regular buses shall have at least five (5) designated seats for disabled persons near
exit/entrance doors (see Annex C - 2 Figure 2 and 3 and Annex C - 3 Figure 4).
6.2
First class, premiere and air-conditioned buses shall have at least four (4) designated seats
for disabled persons near the door.
6.3
Passenger trains shall have at least six (6) designated seats for disabled persons (see
Annex C - 4 figure 7).
6.4
Passenger airplanes shall have at least two (2) designated seats for disabled persons near
the front exit/entrance door (see Annex c - 4 Figure 6).
6.5
For regular city buses, other passengers may use these designated seats if not occupied
and yield them to incoming disabled persons whenever the occasion arises.
6.6
For provincial buses, air-conditioned buses, passenger trains and airplanes the designated
seats for disabled persons may be occupied by other passengers only if no disabled
persons shall occupy these seats at the start of the trip.
6.7
Jeepneys shall have at least two (2) seats preferably the front seats as designated seats for
disabled persons.
6.8
For jeepneys, other passengers may use these designated seats if not occupied and yield
them to incoming disabled passengers only if the yielding passenger can still be
accommodated at the back.
6.9
In domestic shipping, each vessel shall:
a.
Allocate on a per class-basis, areas for disabled passengers. These areas shall be
nearest to the entrance and/or exit doorways of the vessels.
b.
Give priority to disabled passengers embarkation and disembarkation through the
assignment of "time windows". Disabled passengers shall be given a twenty (20)
minute period to embark ahead of the three (3) hour embarkation time prior to the
ship's departure; and shall be allocated a maximum of one (1) hour fro
disembarkation after the ship's arrival.
7.
The designated seats shall be identified by the Internationa Symbol of Access.
8.
Owners or operators of city buses operating in highly urbanized cities shall install in their units
audiovisual aids such as buzzer, bell, flashing light to inform the driver of any alighting
passenger.
9.
At least one deck in passenger ships shall be provided with accessible ramps, passageways,
access to gangways, galleys, safety equipment and bunks/berths/cabins with dimensions
conforming with the requirements as provided in rule II.
RULE V - ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT
1. Responsibility for Administration and Enforcement
The administration and enforcement of the provision of these Rules and Regulations shall be
vested in the Secretary of Public Works and Highways and the Secretary of Transportation and
Communications, in accordance with the functions and jurisdiction of their respective
Departments as provided for by laws as follows.
1.1
The Secretary through the Heads of attached agencies of the Department of Public Works
and Highways, with the technical assistance of the Building Research Development Staff,
shall administer and enforce the provisions of these Rules and Regulations through the
City/Municipal Engineer who shall also act as Local Building Official pursuant to Section
477 of R.A. 7160, otherwise known as the Local Government Code of 1991 and as
applied to the following:
1.1.1
Buildings and related structures including public transport terminals
1.1.2
Streets and Highways
1.2
The Secretary of Transportation and Communications shall administer and enforce the
provisions of these Rules and Regulations through the Heads of Line and Attached
Agencies of the Department as follows:
1.2.1
Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board - In respect to the issuance
of Certificate of Public Convenience (CPC) and Provisional Authority (PA) for
the operation of public road Transportation utilities or services.
1.2.2
Land Transportation Office - In respect to the registration of buses and jeepneys
and enforcement of regulations related to land transport.
1.2.3
Philippine National Railways and the Light Rail Transit Authority - For the
operation of passenger trains and including stations and terminals.
1.2.4 Maritime Industry Authority - In respect to the development, promotion, and
regulation of all enterprises engaged in business of designing, constructing,
manufacturing, acquiring, operating, supplying, repairing and/or maintaining
vessels or components thereof; or managing and/or operating shipping lines,
shipyards, dry docks, marine railways, marine repair shops, shipping and freight
forwarding agencies and similar enterprises; issuance of license to all water
transport vessels.
2.
1.2.5
Philippine Ports Authority - in respect to the planning, development, financing,
construction, maintenance and operation of ports, port facilities, port physical
plants, and all equipment used in connection with the operation of a port.
1.2.6
Civil Aeronautics Board - In respect to the supervision and regulation of the
jurisdiction and control over air carriers, general sales agents, cargo sales agents
and air freight forwarders, and issuance of certificates/licenses to aircrafts.
1.2.7
Air Transporation Office - In respect to the maintenance, operations and
development of all government airports (other than the NAIA, Mactan
International Airport) as well as air navigation facilities (excluding meteorology).
Criminal Liability
As stipulated in Section 46 of R.A. 7277, otherwise known as the Magna Carta for Disabled
Persons (a), any person who violates any provision of the rules and regulations of this Act shall
suffer the following penalties:
1)
for the first violation, a fine of not less than Fifty thousand pesos (P50,000.00) but not
exceeding One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000.00) or imprisonment of not less than
six (6) months but not more than two (2) years, or both at the discretion of the court; and
2)
for any subsequent violation, a fine of not less than One hundred thousand pesos
(P100,000.00) but not exceeding Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000.00) or
imprisonment for not less than two (2) years but not more than six (6) years, or both at the
discretion of the court.
b)
Any person who abuses the privileges granted herein shall be punished with
imprisonment of not less than six (6) months or a fine of not less than Five
thousand pesos (P5,000.00) but not more than Fifty thousand pesos (P50,000.00),
or both, at the discretion of the court.
c)
If the violator is a corporation, organization or any similar entity, the officials
thereof directly involved shall be liable therefor.
d)
If the violator is an alien or a foreigner, he shall be deported immediately after
service of sentence without further deportation proceedings.
EFFECTIVITY
These Rules shall take effect thirty (30) days after the date of publication in the Official Gazette.
Promulgated by:
(Sgd.) JESUS B. GARCIA, JR.
Secretary
Department of Transportation and Communications
(Sgd.) JOSE P. DE JESUS
Secretary
Department of Public Works and Highways
IN COORDINATION WITH:
The NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR THE WELFARE OF DISABLED PERSONS
BY:
(Sgd.) CORAZON ALMA G. DE LEON
Chairman
PERSONS/INDIVIDUALS LIABLE
FOR ANY VIOLATION OF THE ACT
For Buildings/Establishment/Structure
1.
2.
3.
4.
Owner or Operator of the Building, Establishment or Structure
Contractor
Architect
Engineer
5.
Building Officials or Other Public Officials in-charge with the issuance of building permit,
registration, certification and/or inspection of the building, establishment or structure.
For Air, Land and Sea Transportation.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Owner/Operator of Public Transportation
Body Builders
Safety Officers/Engineers/managers
Drivers/Conductors/Conductresses
Public Officiel in-charge with the issuance of permits, registration, certification and inspectionof
the public transportation.
ANNEX "A"
DEFINITION OF TERMS AS USED IN THESE
RULES AND REGULATIONS
1.
ACCESSIBLE - refers to features that enable disabled persons to make use of the primary
functions for which a structure is built.
2.
ALCOVE - a small recessed space in a room or wall.
3.
ANTHROPOMETRIC - pertaining to the measurement of the human body.
4.
BARRIER-FREE - unhindered, without obstructions to enable disabled persons free passage or
use of the facilities.
5.
BUILDINGS - public and private buildings and other related structures for public use. Those
designed to accommodate and serve persons in the pursuit of educational, commercial,
recreational, religious, occupational, medical, political, social activities and others of similar
nature as enumerated and provided herein.
6.
CORRIDOR - a long interior passageway providing access to several rooms.
A public means of access from several rooms or spaces to an exit.
7.
CURB - a raised rim of concrete, stone or metal which forms the edge of street, sidewalk, planted
area, etc.
8.
CURB-CUT-OUT - a break in the sidewalk of traffic island provided with an inclined surface to
facilitate mobility of wheeled chairs, carriages and other similar conveyance.
9.
DISABLED PERSONS - those suffering from restriction or lack of ability to perform an activity
in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being as a result of a mental,
physical or sensory impairment.
10.
DOOR - an entranceway.
A barrier which swings, slides, tilts or folds to close an opening in
a wall or cabinet or the like.
11.
EGRESS - an exit, or a mans of going out.
12.
ELEVATOR - a hoisting and lowering mechanism equipped with a car or platform which moves
in guides, in a vertical direction serving two or more foors of a building or structure.
13.
ENTRANCE - point of entry into a building: an exterior door, vestibule, or a lobby.
14.
FLOOR - the surface within a room or area on which one walks.
15.
GRADIENT OF RAMP - the degree of inclination of the sloped surface expressed as a
percentage or ratio.
16.
GRAPHIC SIGN - a drawing, painting, diagram, engraving, etching or other similar illustrations
which from a single glance conveys a given message; a visual aid.
17.
HANDRAIL - a hand support along a stairway or ramp consisting of rails and their supporting
posts, balusters or pillars and constituting an enclosure or a line of division.
18.
HEIGHT ABOVE FLOOR - distance between two points aligned vertically with one of the
points on the floor.
19.
PARKING AREA - allocated space composed of marked-off portions for single motor vehicles
on a short-time storage basis.
20.
PASSAGEWAY OR PASSAGE - a space connecting one area or room of a building with
another.
21.
PEDESTRIAN CROSSING - a part of road where pedestrian going across the road have priority
over traffic.
22.
PUBLIC TELEPHONES - a shelf-unit telephone with coin operating functions for the use of the
public.
23.
RAMP - a sloped surface connecting two or more planes at different levels.
24.
SIDEWALK - a paved footwalk at the side of a street or roadway.
25.
THRESHOLD - a strip fastened to the floor beneath a door, usually required to cover the joint
where two types of floor materials meet; may provide weather protection at exterior doors.
26.
TOILET - the room containing the water closet.
27.
VESTIBULE - a small entranceway or transitional space from the exterior to the interior of a
building and opens into a larger space.
28.
WALKWAY - an exterior passage for walking along, especially one connecting adjoining
buildings and related structures.
29.
WASHROOM - a room providing facilities for washing, a lavatory or toilet room.
30.
WATER FOUNTAIN - a fixture consisting of a shallow basin, together with a water jet designed
to provide portable water for human consumption.
31.
WIDTH OF CORRIDOR - the linear width of the obstructed path in corridors.
Appendix A Minimum Requirements for Accessibility .................
Illustrations for Minimum Requirements ...................
A. OUTSIDE AND AROUND BUILDINGS
1. DROPPED CURBS
1.1
Changes in level walkways should be by a dropped curb.
1.2
Dropped curbs should be provided at pedestrian crossings and at the end of
walkways of a private street or access road.
1.3
Dropped curbs at crossings have a width corresponding to the width of the
crossings; otherwise, the minimum width is 0.90 m.
1.4
Dropped curbs shall be ramped towards adjoining curbs with a gradient not more
than 1:12.
1.5
Dropped curbs shall be sloped towards the road with a maximum cross gradient of
1:20 to prevent water from collecting at the walkway.
1.6
The lowest point of a dropped curb shoudl not exceed 25 mm from the road or
gutter.
2. DROPPED CUT-OUTS
2.1
Curb cut-outs should only be allowed when it will not obstruct a walkway or in
any way lesson the width of a walkway.
2.2
The minimum width of a crub cut-out should be 0.90 M.
2.3
Curb cut-outs should have a gradient not more than 1:12.
3. WALKWAYS AND PASSAGEWAYS
3.1
Walkways should be kept as level as possible and provided with slip-resistant
material.
3.2
Whenever and wherever possible, walkways should have a gradient no more than
1:20 or 5%.
3.3
Walkways should have a maximum cross gradient of 1:100.
3.4
Walkways should have a minimum width of 1.20 meters.
3.5
If possible, gratings should never be located along walkways. When occurring
along walkways, grating openings should have a maximum dimension of of 13
mm x 13 mm and shall not project more than 6.5 mm above the level of the
walkway.
3.6
Walkways should have a continuing surface without abrupt pitches in angle or
interruptions by cracks or breaks creating edges above 6.50 mm.
3.7
In lengthy or busy walkways, spaces should be provided at some point along the
route so that a wheelchair may pass another or turn around. These spaces should
have a minimum dimension of 1.50 m and should be spaced at a maximum
distance of 12:00 m between stops.
3.8
To guide the blind, walkways should as much as possible follow straightforward
routes with right angle turns.
3.9
Where planting is provided adjacent to the walkway, regular maintenance is
essential to ensure branches of trees or shrubs do not overhang walkways or paths,
as not only do these present a particular danger to the blind, but they also reduce
the effective footways width available to pedestrians generally.
3.10
Walkway headroom should not be less than 2.0 m and preferably higher.
3.11
Passageways for the disabled should not be obstructed by street furniture,
bollards, sign posts or columns along the defined route, as they can be hazardous.
4. HANDRAILS
4.1
Handrails should be installed at both sides of ramps and stairs and at the outer
edges of dropped curbs. Handrails at dropped curbs should not be installed
beyond the width of any crossing so as not to obstruct pedestrian flow.
4.2
Handrails shall be installed at 0.90 m and 0.70 m above steps or ramps. Handrails
for protection at great heights may be installed at 1.0 m to 1.06 m.
4.3
30 m long extension of the handrail should be provided at the start and end of
ramps and stairs.
4.4
Handrails that require full grip should have a dimension of 30 mm to 50 mm.
4.5
Handrails attached to walls should have a clearance no less than 50 mm from the
wall. Handrails on ledges should have a clearance not less than 40 mm.
5. OPEN SPACES
5.1
Where open spaces are provided, the blind can become particularly disoriented.
therefore, it is extremely helpful if any walkway or paths can be given defined
edges either by the use of planters with dwarf walls, or a grass verge, or similar,
which provides a texture different from the path.
6. SIGNAGES
6.1
Directional and informational sign should be located at points conveniently seen
even by a person on a wheelchair and those with visual impairments;
6.2
Signs should be kept simple and easy to understand; signages should be made of
contrasting colors and contrasting gray matter to make detection and reading easy;
6.3
The international symbol for access should be used to designate routes and
facilities that are accessible;
6.4
Should a sign protrude into a walkway or route, a minimum headroom of 2.0
meters should be provided;
6.5
Signs on walls and doors should be located at a maximum height of 1.60 M. and a
minimum height of 1.40 meters. For signage on washroom doors, see C. Section
8.6.
6.6
Signages labeling public rooms and places should have raised symbols, letters or
numbers with minimum height of 1 mm; brails symbols should be included in
signs indicating public places and safety routes;
7. CROSSINGS
7.1
In order to reduce the exposure time to vehicular traffic, all at grade crossing
should
7.1.1
Be as near perpendicular to the carriageway as possible.
7.1.2
Be located at the narrowest, most convenient part of the carriageway.
7.1.3
Have central refuges of at least 1.5 m in depth and preferably 2 m,
provided as a midcrossing shelter, where the width of carriageway to be
crossed exceeds 10 m.
7.2
All crossings should be located close if not continguous with the normal
pedestrian desire line.
7.3
Provide tactile blocks in the immediate vicinity of crossings as an aid to the blind.
The tactile surface has to be sufficiently high enough to be felt through the sole of
the shoe but low enough not to cause pedestrian to trip, or to effect the mobility of
wheelchair users. See details of recommended pairing slabs below.
Note. Tactile strips formed from brushed or grooved concrete finishes have not
been proven successful as they do not provide sufficient distinction from the
normal footway surface and tehrefore should not be used.
7.4
The most beneficial form of crossing as far as any disabled are concerned is the
light controlled crossing having pedestrian phases and synchronized audiboe
signals and should, wherever possible be provided in preference to other types of
crossings as determined by the duly authorized agency.
7.5
The audible signal used for crossings should be easily distinguishable from other
sounds in theenvironment to prevent confusion to the blind. A prolonged sound
should be audible to warn the blind that the lights are about to change. (Design of
such a system shall be developed by the Traffic engineering Center.)
7.6
The flashing green period required for the disabled should be determined on the
basis of a walking speed of 0.90 m/sec. rather than 1.20 m/sec. which is what is
normally used. The minimum period for the steady green (for pedestrians) should
not be less than 6 seconds or the crossing distance times 0.90 m/sec., whichever is
the greatest.
B. PARKING
1. PARKING AREAS
1.1
Parking spaces for the disabled should allow enough space for a person to transfer
to a wheelchair from a vehicle;
1.2
Accessible parking spaces should be located as close as possible to building
entrances or to accessible entrances;
1.3
Whenever and wherever possible, accessible parking spaces should be
perpendicular or to an angle to the road or circulation aisles;
1.4
Accessible parking slots should have a minimum width of 3.70 m;
1.5
A walkway from accessible spaces of 1.20 m. clear width shall be provided
between the front ends of parked cars;
1.6
Provide dropped durbs or curb cut-outs to the parkfing level where access
walkways are raised;
1.7
Pavement markings, signs or other means shall be provided to delineate parking
spaces for the handicapped;
1.8
Parking spaces for the disabled should never be located at ramped or sloping
areas;
C. INSIDE BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES
1. ENTRANCES
1.1
Entrances should be accessible from arrival and departure points to the interior
lobby;
1.2
One (1) entrances level should be provided where elevators are accessible;
1.3
In case entrances are not on the same level of the site arrival grade, ramps should
be provided as access to the entrance level;
1.4
Entrances with vestibules shall be provided a level area with at least a 1.80 m.
depth and a 1.50 m. width;
2. RAMPS
2.1
Changes in level require a ramp except when served by a dropped curb, an
elevator or other mechanical device;
2.2
Ramps shall have a minimum clear width of 1.20 m;
2.3
The maximum gradient shall be 1:12;
2.4
The length of a ramp should not exceed 6.00 m. if the gradient is 1:12; longer
ramps whose gradient is 1:12 shall be provided with landings not less than 1.50
m;
2.5
A level area not less than 1.80 m. should be provided at the top and bottom of any
ramp;
2.6
Handrails will be provided on both sides of the ramp at 0.70 m. and 0.90 m. from
the ramp level;
2.7
Ramps shall be equipped with curbs on both sides with a minimum height of 0.10
m.;
2.8
Any ramp with a rise greater than 0.20 m. and leads down towards an area where
vehicular traffic is possible, should have a railing across the full width of its lower
end, not less than 1.80 meters fromt he foot of the ramp;
3. DOORS
3.1
All doors shall have a minimum clear width of 0.80 m;
3.2
Clear openings shall be measured betweent he surface of the fully open door at the
hinge and the door jamb at the stop;
3.3
Doors should be operable by a pressure or force not more than 4.0 kg; the closing
device pressure an interior door shall not exceed 1 kg.;
3.4
A minimum clear level space of 1.50 m x 1.50 m shall be provided before and
extending beyond a door; EXCEPT: where a door shall open onto but not into a
corridor, the required clear, level space on the corridor side of the door may be a
minimum of 1.20 m corridor width;
3.5
Protection should be provided from doors that swing into corridors;
3.6
Outswinging doors should be provided at storage rooms, closets and accesssible
restroom stalls;
3.7
Latching or non-latching hardware should not require wrist action or fine finger
manipulation;
3.8
Doorknobs and other hardware should be located between 0.82 m. and 1.05 m.
above the floor; 0.90 is preferred;
3.9
Vertical pull handles, centered at 1.06 m. above the floor, are preferred to
horizontal pull bars for swing doors or doors with locking devices;
3.10
Doors along major circulation routes should be provided with kick plates made of
durable material at a height of 0.30 m to 0.40 m;
4. THRESHOLDS
4.1
Thresholds shall be kept to a minimum; whenever necessary, thresholds and
sliding door trachs shall have a maximum height of 25 mm and preferably
ramped;
5. SWITCHES
5.1
Manual switches shall be positioned within 1.20 m to 1.30 m above the floor;
5.2
Manual switches should be located no further than 0.20 from the latch side of the
door;
6. SINGAGES
(See "SIGNAGES" under OUTSIDE & AROUND BUILDINGS.)
7. CORRIDORS
7.1
Corridors shall have a minimu clear width of 1.20 m; waiting areas and other
facilities or spaces shall not obstruct the minimum clearance requirement;
7.2
Recesses or turnabout spaces should be provided for wheelchairs to turn around or
to enable another wheelchair to pass; these spaces shall have a minimum area of
1.50 m x 1.50 m. and shall be spaced at a maximum of 12.00 m.;
7.3
Turnabout spaces should also be provided at or within 3.50 m. of every dead end;
7.4
As in walkways, corridors should be maintained level and provided with a slipresistant surface;
8. WASHROOMS & TOILETS
8.1
Accessible public washrooms and toilets shall permit easy passage of a wheelchair
and allow the occupant to enter a stall, close the door and transfer to the water
closet from either a frontal or lateral position;
8.2
Accessible water closet stalls shall have a minimum area of 1.70 x 1.80 mts. One
movable grab bar and one fixed to the adjacent wall shall be installed at the
accessible water closet stall for lateral mounting; fixed grab bars on both sides of
the wall shall be installed for stalls for frontal mounting;
8.3
A turning space of 2.25 sg.m. with a minimum dimension of 1.50 m. for
wheelchairs shall be provided for water closet stalls for lateral mounting;
8.4
All accessible public toilets shall have accessories such as mirrors, paper
dispensers, towel racks and fittings such as faucets mounted at heights reachable
by a person in a wheelchair;
8.5
The minimum number of accessible water closets on each floor level or on that
part of a floor accessible to the disabled shall be one (1) where the total number of
water closets per set on that level is 20; and two (2) where the number of water
closets exceed 20;
8.6
In order to aid visually impaired persons to readily determine whether a washrrom
is for men or for women, the signage for men's washroom door shall be an
equilateral triangle with a vertex pointing upward, and those for women shall be a
circle; the edges of the triangle should 0.30 m long as should be the diameter of
the circle; these signages should at least be 7.5 mm thick; the color and gray value
of these geometric forms should be distinct from the clor and gray value of the
doors; the words "men" and "women" or the appropriate stick figures should still
appear on the washroom doors for the convenience of the fully sighted;
Note: the totally blind could touch the edge of the signs and easily determine
whether it is straight or curved;
8.7
The maximum height of water closets should be 0.45 m; flush control should have
a maximum height of 1.20 mts.
8.8
Maximum height of lavatories should be 0.80 m. with a knee recess of 0.60 - 0.70
M. vertical clearance and a 0.50 m. depth.
8.9
Urinals should have an elongated lip or through type; the maximum height of the
lip should be 0.48 m.
9. STAIRS
9.1
Tread surface should be a slip-resistant material; nosings may be provided with
slip resistant strips to further minimize slipping;
9.2
Slanted nosings are preferred to projecting nosings so as not to pose difficulty for
poeple using crutches or braces whose feet have a tendency to get caught in the
recessed space or projecting nosings. For the same reason, open stringers should
be avoided.
10. ELEVATORS
10.1
Accessible elevators should be located not more than 30.00 m. from the entrance
and should be easy to locate with the aid of signs;
10.2
Accessible elevators shall have a minimum dimension of 1.10 m. x 1.40 m.;
10.3
Control panels and emergency system of accessible elevators shall be within reach
of a seated person; centerline heights fro the topmost buttons shall be between
0.90 m to 1.20 m from the floor;
10.4
Button controls shall be provided with braille signs to indicate floor level; at each
floor, at the door frames of elevator doors, braille-type signs shall be placed so
that blind persons can be able to discern what floor the elevator car has stopped
and from what level they are embarking from; for installation heights, see Section
6.6, Signages;
10.5
Button sizes at elevator control panels shall have a minimum diameter of 20 mm
and should have a maximum depression depth of 1 mm;
C. SAFETY
1. FENCING FOR ROADWORKS AND FOOTWORKS
All excavations, whether on the road or footway must be adequately protected, i.e.
fenced. Whatever the type of fencing used, it is important the railings should incorporate
the following features.
1.1
The height of the top of the rail should be at least 1.00 M. above the adjacent
surface.
1.2
The railing should incorporate a tapping rail to assist the blind, and this should not
be greater than 0.35 M. above adjacent surface.
1.3
The fence should be strong enough to offer resistance should a blind person walk
into it.
1.4
Gaps should not occur between adjoining fence lengths.
2. COVERS FOR EXCAVATIONS
2.1
Excavations in the footway or carriageway where pedestrians may walk are
covered over temporarily with properly constructed and supported boards to
provide a temporary path for pedestrians.
2.2
If the footway width will be reduced to less than 1.20 because of the excavation,
the temporary covering should extend across the whole of the footway.
2.3 Minimum dimensions at obstructions
2.3.1
Effective width of footways past any obstruction should not be less than
1.20 M.
2.3.2
If unavoidable, loose materials temporarily stored on footways must be
properly fenced and prevented from encroaching onto the main footway by
the use of kickboard at least 0.20 M. high which will also serve as a
tapping board for the blind.
3. SIGNAGE FOR ROADWORKS ON THE CARRIAGEWAY
3.1
Temporary signs used to warn of roadworks should be carefully loczted and
should not cause any inconveniences to pedestrians, particularly the disabled.
3.1.1
Signs should be located on verges or similar whenever these are available.
3.1.2
Signs should not reduce the available footway width to less than 1.20 M..
4. LOCATION OF EMERGENCY EXIT
4.1
Wall mounted or free standing tablets with an embossed plan configuration of the
building which also shows the location of the lobby, washrooms and emergency
exits of the building (indicated by different textures with corresponding meanings)
should be provided either in front of the building or at the main lobby. the
markings of this tablet should be readable by both the fully sighted and the blind
persons.
4.2
Flashing light directional signs indicating the location(s) of fire exit shall be
provided at every change in direction with sufficient power provided in
accordance with the provisions for emergency lighting under Section 3.410 of
P.D. NO. 1185 (The Fire Code of the Philippines).
5. AUDIBLE AND VISIBLE ALARM SYSTEM
5.1
Audio-visual alarm systems shall be provided in all fire sections, as defined under
P.D. NO. 1185 otherwise known as THE FIRE CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES, of
buildings in accordance with the guidelines provided under Section 3.503 of the
same.
5.2
For buildings of residential occupancies, i.e. Groups A and B, as defined under
Section 701, of Chapter 7 of P.D. NO. 1096 otherwise known as the "The
National Building Code of the Philippines", the provision of "VIBRA-ALARMS"
for all occuants who are either deaf or hearing-impaired shall be compulsory.
ILLUSTRATIONS FOR MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS
A. OUTSIDE AND AROUND BUILDINGS
1. DROPPED CURBS
1.1
Changes in level at walkways should be effected by slight ramps and dropped
curbs;
1.2
Dropped curbs should be provided at pedestrian crossings and at the end of
footpaths of a private street or access road;
1.3
Dropped curbs at crossings should have a length corresponding to the width of the
crossing; otherwise, the minimum width should be 0.90 m.
1.4
Dropped curbs shall be ramped towards adjoining curbs with a gradient not more
than 1:12;
1.5
Dropped curbs shall be sloped towards the road with a maximum cross gradient of
1:20 to prevent water from collecting at the walkway;
1.6
The lowest point of a dropped curb should not exceed 25 mm height above the
road or gutter;
2. CURB CUT-OUTS
2.1
Curb cut-outs should only be allowed when it will not obstruct a walkway or in
any way lessen the width of a walkway;
2.2
The minimum width of a curb cut-out should be 0.90 m.;
2.3
Curb cut-out should not have a gradient not more than 1:12;
3. WALKWAYS
3.1
Walkways should be kept as level as possible and provided with slip-resistant
material;
3.2
Whenever and wherever possible, walkways should have a gradient no more than
1:20 or 5%;
3.3
Walkways should have a maximum cross gradient of 1:100;
3.4
Walkways should have a minimum width of 1.20 meters;
3.5
If possible, gratings should never located along walkways; when occurring along
walkways, grating openings should have a maximum dimension of 13 mm x 13
mm and shall not project more than 6.5 mm above or velow the level of the
walkway;
3.6
Walkway should have a continuing surface without abrupt pitches in angle or
interruptions by cracks or breaks creating edges above 6.5 mm.;
3.7
In lengthy or busy walkways, spaces should be provided at some point along the
route so that a wheelchair may pass another or turn around; these spaces should
have a minimum dimension of 1.5 meters and should be spaced at a maximum
distance of 12.00 meters between stops;
3.8
To guide the blind, walkways should as much as possible follow straight-forward
routes with right angle turns;
3.9
Whereplanting is provided adjacent to the walkway, regular maintenance is
essential to ensure branches of trees or shrubs do not overhand walkways or
parths, as they do nt only present a particular danger to the blind, but they also
reduce the effective footway width available to pedestrians;
3.10
Walkway headroom should be less than 2.00 m and should preferably be higher;
3.11 Passageways for the disabled should not be obstructed by street furniture,
bollards, sign posts or columns along the defined route, as they can be hazardous;
4. HANDRAILS
4.1
Handrails should be installed at both sides of ramps and stairs and at the outer
edges of dropped curbs at crossings; handrails should not be installed beyond the
width of any crossing so as not to obstruct pedestrian flow;
4.2
Handrails shall be installed at 0.90 m and 0.70 m above steps or ramps; handrails
for protection at great heights may be installed at 1.00 m to 1.06 m;
4.3
A 0.30 m long extension of the handrail should be provided at the start and end of
ramps and stairs;
4.4
Handrails that require full grip should have a dimension of 30 cm to 50 cm;
4.5
Handrails attached to walls should have a clearance no less than 50 mm from the
wall; handrails on ledges should have a clearance not less than 40 mm;
5. OPEN SPACES
5.1
Where open spaces are provided, the blind can become particularly disoriented.
Therefore, it is extremely helpful if any walkway or paths can be given defined
edges either by the use of planters with dwarf walls, or a grass verge, or similar,
which provides a texture different from the path.
6. SIGNAGES
Sign
6.1
Directional and informational sign should be located at points conveniently seen
even by a person on a wheelchair.;
6.2
Signs should be kept simple and easy to understand; signages should be made of
contrasting colors and gray values to make detection and reading easy;
6.3
The international symbol for access should be used to designate routes and
facilities that are accessible;
Size (cm)
Usage
A
10 x 10
A, B, C, D
15 X 15
Comfort room stall doors
With or without directional arrows to identify
doors, rooms
A, B, C
22 X 22
With or without arrows
A, B, C, D, E
30 X 30
For exterior use
A, B, C, D, E
60 x 60
For exterior use
F
20 x 60
For exterior use
6.4
Should a sign protrude into a walkway or route, a minimum headroom of 2.00
meters should be provided; See Fig.
6.5
Signs on walls and doors should be located at a maximum height of 1.60 meters
and a minimum height of 1.40 meters;
6.6
Signages labeling public rooms and places should have raised symbols, letters or
numbers with a minimum height of 1 mm; Braille symbols should be included in
signs indicating public places and safety routes;
6.7
Text on signboards shall be of a dimension that people with less than normal
visual acuity can rad at a certain distance.
7. CROSSINGS
7.1
In order to reduce the exposure time to vehicular traffic, all at grade crossing
should;
7.1.1
be as perpendicular as possible to the carriageway;
7.1.2
be located at the narrowest, most convenient part of the carriageway;
7.1.3
have central refuges of at least 1.50 m in depth and preferably 2.00 m,
provided as a mid-crossing shelter, where the width of carriageway to be
crossed exceeds 10.00 m;
7.2
All crossings should be located close if not contiguous with the normal pedestrian
desire line;
7.3
Provide tactile blocks in the immediate vicinity of crossings as an aid to the blind;
the tactile surface should be high enough to be felt by the sole of the shoe but low
enough so as not to cause pedestrians to trip or to effect the mobility of wheelchair
users;
NOTE: tactile strips formed from brushed or grooved concrete have not proved
successful as they do not provide sufficient distinction from the normal
footway surgace and therefore should not be used;
7.4
Light controlled crossings with pedestrian phases and audible signals are most
most beneficial to the disabled; they should be provided wherever possible;
7.5
The audible signals used for crossings should be easily distinguishable from other
sounds in the environment to prevent confusion to the blind; a prolonged sound
could serve as warning signal that the crossing time is about to end.
7.6
Sufficient time should be allowed for the slower persons negotiating a crossing; a
walking speed of 0.90 m/sec. rather than 1.20 m/sec should be considered; a
minimum crossing period of 6.0 seconds or the crossing distance time the crossing
speed (0.90 m.sec), whichever is greater;
B. PARKING
1. PARKING AREAS
1.1
Parking spaces for the disabled should allow enough space for a person to transfer
to a wheelchair from a vehicle;
1.2
Accessible parking spaces should be located as close as possible to building
entrances or to accessible entrances;
1.3
Whenever and wherever possible, accessible parking spaces should be
perpendicular or at an angle to the road or circulation aisles;
1.4
Accessible parking slots should have a minimum width of 3.70 m.;
1.5
A walkway from accessible spaces of 1.20 m. clear width shall be provided
between the front ends of parked cars;
1.6
Provide dropped curbs or curb cut-outs to the parking level where access
walkways are raised;
1.7
Pavement markings, signs or other means shall be provided to delineate parking
spaces for the handicapped;
1.8
Parking spaces for the disabled should never be located at ramped or sloping
areas;
C. INSIDE BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES
1. ENTRANCES
1.1
At least one entrance to every building should be accessible from arrival and
departure points to the interior lobby;
1.2
One (1) entrance level should be provided where elevators are accessible;
1.3
In case entrances are not on the same level of the site arrival grade, ramps should
be provided as access to the entrance level;
1.4
Entrances with vestibules shall be provided a level area with at least a 1.80 m.
depth and a 1.50 m. width;
2. RAMPS
2.1
Changes in level require a ramp except when served by a dropped curb, an
elevator or other mechanical device;
2.2
Ramps shall have a minimum clear width of 1.20 m;
2.3
The maximum gradient shall be 1:12;
2.4
The length of a ramp should not exceed 6.00 m. if the gradient is 1:12 longer
ramps whose gradient is 1:12 shall be provided with landings not less than 1.50
m.;
2.5
A level area not less than 1.80 m. should be provided at the top and bottom of any
ramp;
2.6
Handrails will be provided on both sides of the ramp at 0.70 m. and 0.90 m. from
the ramp level;
2.7
Ramps shall be equipped with curbs on both sides with a minimum height of 0.10
m.;
2.8
Any ramp with a rise greater than 0.20 m. and leads down towards an area where
vehicular traffic is possible, should have a railing across the full width of its lower
end, not less than 1.50 meters from the foot of the ramp;
3. DOORS
3.1
All doors shall have a minimum clear width of 0.80 m;
3.2
Clear openings shall be measured between the surface of the fully open door at the
hinge and the door jamb of the stop;
3.3
Doors should be operable by a pressure or force not more than 4.0 kg; the closing
device pressure an interior door shall not exceed 1 kg;
3.4
A minimum clear level space of 1.50 m x 1.50 m shall be provided before and
extending beyond a door; EXCEPTION: where a door shall open onto but not
into a corridor, the required clear, level space on the corridor side of the door may
be a minimum of 1.20 m corridor width;
3.5
Protection should be provided from doors that swing into corridors;
3.6
Outswinging doors should be provided at storage rooms, closets and accessible
restroom stalls;
3.7
Latching or non-latching, hardware should not require wrist action or fine finger
manipulation;
3.8
Doorknobs and other hardware should be located between 0.82 m. and 1.06 m.
above the floor; 0.90 is preferred;
3.9
Vertical pull handles, centered at 1.06 m. above the floor, are preferred to
horizontal pull bars for swing doors or doors with locking devices;
3.10
Doors along major circulation routes should be provided with kick plates made of
durable material at a height of 0.30 m to 0.40 m;
4. THRESHOLDS
4.1
Thresholds shall be kept to a minimum; whenever necessary, thresholds and
sliding door tracks shall have a maximum height of 25 mm and preferably
ramped;
5. SWITCHES
5.1
Manual switches shall be positioned within 1.20 m to 1.30 m above the floor;
5.2
Manual switches should be located no further than 0.20 from the latch side of the
door;
6. SIGNAGES
(See "SIGNAGES" under OUTSIDE & AROUND BUILDINGS)
7. CORRIDORS
7.1
Corridors shall have a minimum clear width of 1.20 m.; waiting areas and other
facilities or spaces shall not obstruct the minimum clearance requirement;
7.2
Recesses or turnabout spaces should be provided for wheelchairs to turn around or
to enable another wheelchair to pass; these spaces shall have a minimum area of
1.50 m x 1.50 m. and shall be spaced at a maximum of 12.00 m.;
7.3
Turnabout spaces should also be provided at or within 3.50 m. of every dead end;
7.4
As in walkways, corridors should be maintained level and provided with a slipresistant surface;
8. WASHROOMS & TOILETS
8.1
Accessible public washrooms and toilets shall permit easy passage of a wheelchair
and allow the occupant to enter a stall, close the door and transfer to the water
closet from either a frontal or lateral position;
8.2
Accessible water closet stalls shall have a minimum area of 1.70 x 1.80 mts. One
movable grab bar and one fixed to the adjacent wall shall be installed at the
accessible water closet stall for lateral mounting; fixed grab bars on both sides of
the wall shall be installed for stalls for frontal mounting;
8.3
A turning space of 2.25 sq. m. with a minimum dimension of 1.50 m. for
wheelchairs shall be provided outside water closet stalls;
8.4
All accessible public toilets shall have accessories such as mirrors, paper
dispensers, towel racks, and fittings such as faucets ounted at heights reachable by
a person in a wheelchair;
8.5
The minimum number of accessible water closets on each floor level or on tha
part of a floor level accessible to the disabled shall be one (1) where the total
number of water closets per sex on that level is 20; and two (2) where the number
of water closets exceed 20;
8.6
In order to aid visually impaired persons to readily determine whether a washroom
is for men or for women, the signage on men's washroom door shall be an
equilateral triangle with a vertex poiting upward, and those for women shall be a
circle; the edges of the triangle should be 0.30 m long as should be the diameter of
the circle; these signages should at least be 7.5 mm thick; the door and gray value
of the doors; the words "men" and "women" or the appropriate stick figures
should still appear on the washroom doors for the convenience of the fully
sighted; NOTE: the totally blind could touch the edge of signs and easily
determine whether it is straight or curved;
8.7
The maximum height of water closets should be 0.45 m; flush control should have
a maximum height of 1.20 m.;
8.8
Maximum height of lavatories should be 0.80 m with a knee recess of 0.60 - 0.70
m vertical clearnace and a 0.50 m depth;
8.9
Urinals should have an elongated lip or should be through-type; the maximum
height of the lip should be 0.48 m;
9. STAIRS
9.1
Tread surfaces should be of a slip-resistant material; nosings should be provided
with slip-resistant strips to further minimize slippings;
9.2
Slanted nosings are preferred to protruding nosings so as not to impose difficulty
for people using crutches or braces whose feet have a tendency to get caught in the
recessed space of protruding nosings; for the same reason, open stringers should
be avoided;
9.3
The leading edge of each step on both runner and riser should be marked with a
paint or non-skid material that has a color or gray value which is in high contrast
to the gray value of the rest of the stairs; markings of this sort would be helpful to
the visually impaired as well as to the fully sighted person;
9.4
A tactile strip 0.30 m. wide shall be installed before hazardous areas such as
sudden changes in floor levels and at the top and bottom of stairs; special care
must be taken to ensure the proper mounting or adhesion of tactile strips so as not
to cause accidents;
10. ELEVATORS
10.1
Accessible elevators should be located not more than 30.00 m. from the entrance
and should be easy to locate with the aid of signs;
10.2
Accessible elevators shall have a minimum dimension of 1.10 m x 1.40 m;
10.3
Control panels and emergency systems of accessible elevators shall be within
reach of a seated person; centerline heights for the topmost buttons shall be
between 0.90 m to 1.20 m. from the floor;
10.4
Button controls shall be provided with braille signs to indicate floor level; at each
floor, at the door frames of elevator doors, braille-type signs shall be placed so
that blind persons can be able to discern what floor the elevator car has stopped
and from what level they are embarking from; for installation heights, see Section
6.6 Signages;
10.5
Button sizes at elevator control panels shall have a minimum diameter of 20 mm
and should have a maximum depression depth of 1 mm;
11. WATER FOUNTAINS
11.1
At least one (1) fountain shall be provided for every 2,000 sq. m. of floor area and
there shall not be less than one (1) on each floor. Water spouts shall be at the
front and shall be push-button controlled. If wall-mounted, the maximum height
of the water fountain shall be 0.85 m. from the floor to the rim. Should the floormounted type be higher than 0.85 m. up to the rim, either provide paper cups or
another lower fountain.
12. PUBLIC TELEPHONES
12.1
Provide a clear, unobstructed space of 1.50 m x 1.50 m in front of wall-mounted
and free-standing units and telephones mounted at the rear wall of alcoves or
recesses.
12.2
Telephone booth door openins should have a maximum clear width of 0.80 m.
with either outswing, folding or sliding doors, coin slots, dialing controls,
receivers and instructional signs shall be located at a maximum of 1.10 m. above
the floor
13. PLACES OF ASSEMBLY
13.1
D. SAFETY
Number of seating accommodations reserved for wheelchair users shall be in
accordance with Section 7 of Rule III.
1. FENCING FOR ROADWORKS AND FOOTWORKS
All excavations, whether on the road or footway must be adequately protected or fencedin to protect pedestrians in general and the disabled in particular. whatever the type of
fencing used, it is important that the railings should incorporate the following features:
1.1
The height of the top of the rail should be at least 1.00 m above the adjacent
surface;
1.2
The railing should incorporate a tapping rial to assist the blind; this should not be
greater than 0.35 m above the adjacent surface;
1.3
The fence should be strong enough to offer resistance should a blind person walk
into it;
1.4
Gaps should not occur between adjoining fence lengths;
2. COVERS FOR EXCAVATIONS
2.1
Excavations in the footway or carriageway where pedestrians may walk should be
covered temporarily with properly constructed and supported boards to provide
path for pedestrians;
2.2
If the footway width will be reduced to less than 1.20 m. because of the
excavation, the temporary covering should extend across the whole footway;
2.3
Minimum dimensions at obstructions
2.3.1
Effective width of footways past any obstruction should not be less than
1.20 m.
2.3.2
If unavoidable, loose materials temporarily stored on footways must be
properly fenced and prevented from enrouching onto the main footway by
the use of a kickboard at least 0.20 m. high which may also serve as
tapping board for the blind;
3. SIGNAGE FOR ROADWORKS ON THE CARRIAGEWAY
3.1
Temporary signs used to warn of roadworks should be carefully located and
should not cause any invonvenience to pedestrians, particularly the disabled;
3.1.1
Signs should be located on verges or similar whenever these are available;
3.1.2
Signs should not reduce the available footway width to less than 1.20 m.;
4. LOCATION OF EMERGENCY EXITS
4.1
Wall mounted or free standing tablets with an embossed plan configuration of the
building which would also indicate locations of lobbies, washrooms ant
emergency exits (though the use of different textures to symbolize the spaces)
should be provided at the main lobbdy of each floor or other strategic locations;
the markings on this tablet should be readable by both the blind and the fully
sighted;
4.2
Flashing light directional signs indicating the location(s) of fire exits shalal be
provided at every change in direction with sufficient power provided in
accordance with the provisions for emergency lighting under Section 3.410 of
P.D. 1185 (The Fire Code of the Philippines);
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