Internet of Things
The Internet of Things:
Opportunities & Challenges
What is the IoT ?
Things, people and cloud services
getting connected via the Internet to
enable new use cases and business
models
Cloud Services
How is IoT different than M2M?
• M2M focused on connecting
machines – mainly proprietary
closed systems
• IoT is about harmonizing the way
humans and machines connect
using common public services
Things
People
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What is driving the IoT ?
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Users
Streamline experiences
Increase convenience
Better lifestyle
Reduce expenses
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Businesses
Sell more products
Sell new services
Reduce expenses
With lower barriers
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Why now ?
• More products are adding intelligence with MCUs to support more
sophisticated control
• Adding connectivity is getting easier & cheaper
• Low-power semiconductors allow for more battery-powered
applications
• Wi-Fi and internet access broadly available
• Tablets, PCs and Smartphones broadly available – can be
leveraged as a gateway
• Connectivity brings control, sensing & ability to update system
software over the internet
We are at the IoT inflection point
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TI’s IoT strategy
• Large and diverse set of applications/customers
• Breadth of products – and standard product approach
• Programmable platforms allowing customer differentiation
• Ease of use to enable broad adoption and engagement scale
• Large salesforce and distribution channels
• Strong university and online presence
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IoT is an enabling technology – not a market
Wearables
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Entertainment
Fitness
Smart watch
Location and tracking
Smart Manufacturing
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Flow optimization
Real time inventory
Asset tracking
Employee safety
Predictive maintenance
Firmware
updates
Building & Home Automation
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Access control
Light & temp control
Energy optimization
Predictive maintenance
Connected appliances
Smart Cities
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Residential E-meters
Smart street lights
Pipeline leak detection
Traffic control
Surveillance cameras
Centralized and integrated
system control
Health Care
Automotive
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Remote monitoring
Ambulance telemetry
Drugs tracking
Hospital asset
tracking
Access control
Predictive
maintenance
Infotainment
Wire replacement
Telemetry
Predictive maintenance
C2C and C2I
6
Only TI has all the IoT building blocks
Gateway,
Bridge or
Router
Nodes
MCUs
Cloud
MCU
Processors
Wired &
Wireless
Connectivity
Sensing
Processors
Wired &
Wireless
Connectivity
Analog
Signal
Chain
Analog
Signal
Chain
Power
Management
Analog
Signal
Chain
Power
Management
Power
Management
Multicore
Processors
IoT example end equipments
Flow meter
MSP430
MCU
Gateway,
Bridge or
Router
Cloud
Hybrid gateway
Purpose-built server
Sitara
Processor
Keystone
Multicore
Keystone
Processor
Multicore
Sensing
Sub-1GHz
Sub-1GHz
Wi-Fi
Analog
Signal
Chain
Power
Management
Analog
Signal
Chain
Power
Management
Power
Management
But there are challenges
Sensing a complex
environment
Multiple
connectivity options
Power is critical
Security is a must
The IoT is complex
Connecting
to the cloud
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Sensing technology is a must
WHAT IS NEEDED
CHALLENGE
Innovative ways to sense and
deliver information
Sensing a complex environment
TI DELIVERS
Sensing technologies that address a wide variety of applications
Biosensing
Humidity
Position / motion
Chemical
Light
Pressure
Current / power
Material composition
Proximity
Gas
Occupancy
Temperature
www.ti.com/sensing
No one connectivity standard will win in the IoT
WHAT IS NEEDED
CHALLENGE
Broad variety of wired or
wireless standards
Connectivity:
One size doesn’t fit all
TI DELIVERS
• Fast – 10Mbps++
• Direct Internet connection
• Home & enterprise apps
• Low power mesh network
• Smart metering & lighting
• Moving into home automation
• Lowest power BLE
• Connect to tablet/phone
• Moving to industrial, automotive
• Low power & long range
• Native IP-based network
• Home gateways and security
• Data over power lines (OFDM)
• Developed for smart grid
• Lighting, solar, appliances
• Fast, low latency Ethernet
• Real-time industrial control
• Information technology
IEEE P1901.2
2.4GHz
IEEE 802.15.4
System-level approach to power is required
WHAT IS NEEDED
CHALLENGE
The lowest power solutions
for any application
Power is critical
TI DELIVERS
Days to years of battery operation or harvested-powered devices
Power management &
precision analog ICs
Low-power
microcontrollers
MSP430™
MCU
Tiva™-C
MCU
Low-power wireless
connectivity
Bluetooth
Wi-Fi
ZigBee
Sub-1 GHz
Wi-Fi-based sensors running on 2xAA batteries over 1 year
ZigBee/6LoWPAN-based light switch running on coin cell battery for 10 years
Harvesting power and stretching battery life
Light
Vibration
Thermal
RF
Security is vital at all layers
WHAT IS NEEDED
CHALLENGE
Built-in hardware security
technology
Security is a must
TI DELIVERS
Security solutions to prevent, detect and respond to unintended or
malicious behavior
Hardware
Symmetric
cryptography
Software
Authentication
& anti-cloning
Connectivity
IP
protection
Tamper
protection
Protecting manufacturers’ and consumers’ devices, solutions and services
The IoT must be easy
WHAT IS NEEDED
CHALLENGE
Complexity
IoT solutions for everyone,
not just experts
TI DELIVERS
Solutions that are making the IoT easy for system designers
TI and our Ecosystem
Our customers get
ease of set up and use
Encapsulated wireless connectivity:
• Modules and reference designs eliminating
need for RF expertise
• On-chip Internet connectivity SW stack and
comprehensive development environment
Example designs and all the building blocks
Make
anything
wireless in
minutes
Making it Easier to Connect to the Cloud
CHALLENGE
Connecting end-to-end and
enabling applications
WHAT IS NEEDED
Ecosystem of cloud partners to
enable easy integration
TI DELIVERS
New open ecosystem of IoT cloud service providers
Faster time to market of new devices and services based on TI’s IoT silicon solutions.
Meets individual needs of manufacturers.
Typical IoT cloud services
Database
Things
Cloud
Analytics
Web dashboard
Notifications
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Store data
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Collaboration
between
Present
data on a web
site
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clouddata
partners
enables
Analyze
and create
reports
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Create email & text notifications
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Scripting
Applications APIs
OTA Manager
Device
Configuration
Protocols
Device &
User Registration
Sensors
& Actuators
Cloud
Agent / API
TI and
customers to develop IoT
applications quickly
Create cloud applications
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Interface with other business
applications
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Manage device firmware updated
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Configure devices properties
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Device communication
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Manage user and device access
Cloud service communicate with devices
to collect sensor data and control them
Making the IoT of 2020 happen
Challenges
What is needed
Sensing is vital
Innovative sensing technology
Connectivity:
One size doesn’t fit all
Broad variety of wired or
wireless standards
Power is critical
The lowest power solutions for any
application
Security is a must
Built-in hardware security
technology
Complexity
IoT solutions for everyone,
not just experts
Connecting to the cloud
Ecosystem of cloud partners to
enable seamless integration
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