Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2) CODE DV4F 11

Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2) CODE DV4F 11
National Unit Specification: general information
UNIT
Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
CODE
DV4F 11
COURSE
Music (Intermediate 2)
SUMMARY
This Unit is intended for candidates who wish to develop their skills in performing and in the
use of music technology. At this level candidates will be expected to have previous
experience of solo and/or group performance in one of the combinations below:
♦
♦
one instrument or voice
and
MIDI Sequencing or Sound Engineering and Production at Intermediate 1.
Candidates will develop performance skills on one instrument or voice. They will also
produce audio folios of performances using MIDI sequencing to record, edit and mix pieces
of music using a computer with a music sequencing package; or use multi-track recording
equipment to record and mix musical performances from a variety of sources. The focus of
the Unit is practical, but candidates will also build their knowledge and understanding of key
concepts and techniques used in technology. In performing, this Unit builds on previous
levels of attainment by making increased demands in terms of levels of technical and musical
difficulty. Candidates may study the Unit as part of a general education, as a leisure interest,
or for vocational reasons. The Unit has been designed as part of the Intermediate 2 Music
Course, but may also be used as a stand-alone Unit.
OUTCOMES
1. Perform music in various styles
2. Demonstrate understanding of concepts and techniques involved in producing musical
performances using technology
Administrative Information
Superclass:
LJ
Publication date:
March 2006
Source:
Scottish Qualifications Authority
Version:
01
© Scottish Qualifications Authority
This publication may be reproduced in whole or in part for educational purposes provided that no profit is derived
from reproduction and that, if reproduced in part, the source is acknowledged.
Additional copies of this unit specification can be purchased from the Scottish Qualifications Authority. The cost
for each unit specification is £2.50. (A handling charge of £1.95 will apply to all orders for priced items.)
1
National Unit Specification: general information (cont)
UNIT
Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
RECOMMENDED ENTRY
While entry is at the discretion of the centre, candidates would normally be expected to have
attained one of the following, or equivalent:
♦
♦
♦
Standard Grade Music at General level
Intermediate 1 Music
Music: Performing with Technology Unit at Intermediate 1
CREDIT VALUE
1 credit at Intermediate 2 (6 SCQF credit points at SCQF level 5*)
*SCQF credit points are used to allocate credit to qualifications in the Scottish Credit and
Qualifications Framework (SCQF). Each qualification in the Framework is allocated a number
of SCQF credit points at an SCQF level. There are 12 SCQF levels, ranging from Access 1 to
Doctorates.
CORE SKILLS
There is no automatic certification of Core Skills or Core Skill components in this Unit.
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
2
National Unit Specification: statement of standards
UNIT
Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
Acceptable performance in this Unit will be the satisfactory achievement of the standards set
out in this part of the Unit Specification. All sections of the statement of standards are
mandatory and cannot be altered without reference to the Scottish Qualifications Authority.
OUTCOME 1
Perform music in various styles.
Performance Criteria
a)
b)
Perform the chosen pieces with sufficient accuracy in pitch and rhythm to communicate
the sense of the music
Perform the chosen pieces musically, by maintaining the musical flow and by realising
and interpreting the composer’s intentions with regard to tempo, phrasing and dynamics
Evidence requirements for Outcome 1
Performance evidence supported by an assessor’s written record of all performance evidence
is required to demonstrate satisfactory attainment of the Outcome and Performance Criteria.
Assessment will take place under controlled conditions in the course of live performances by
the candidate of the prepared programme. The pieces may be performed and assessed in a
single event or assessment evidence may be gathered on a number of occasions during
delivery of the Unit. Performances may take place in the presence of the assessor only, or in
the presence of an audience, at the discretion of the centre.
Lists of permitted instruments, combinations of instruments and exemplification of
appropriate levels of difficulty are to be found in SQA’s National Qualifications in Music:
Performing.
Performance evidence will be based on a programme on one instrument/voice, solo and/or in
a group containing at least two contrasting pieces of music, and lasting 4 minutes.
The National Assessment Bank item for this Unit illustrates the standard to be applied, the
breadth of coverage and includes an assessor checklist. Centres wishing to devise their own
instruments of assessment should refer to the National Assessment Bank to ensure a
comparable standard.
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
3
National Unit Specification: statement of standards (cont)
UNIT
Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
OUTCOME 2
Demonstrate understanding of concepts and techniques involved in producing musical
performances using technology.
Performance Criteria
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Set up equipment for selected music technology effectively according to safe and correct
practice
Operate equipment for selected music technology effectively according to safe and
correct practice
Organise and manage practical tasks effectively
Apply concepts and techniques skillfully and creatively in practical tasks to create,
develop and refine recordings
Accurately identify and explain concepts and techniques used in the selected area of
music technology
Evidence requirements for Outcome 2
Written/oral and performance evidence is required which demonstrates that the candidate has
knowledge and understanding of the key concepts and techniques used in the selected area of
music technology. The evidence must cover all of the Performance Criteria.
Evidence will be based on:
♦
Assessor observations – Candidates will be given an assignment brief which details the
practical tasks to be undertaken in either MIDI Sequencing or Sound Engineering and
Production. The assessor will record the candidate’s progress on an observation
checklist which must be maintained and kept up to date. The observation checklist must
be retained for moderation purposes.
Candidates should base their work on published music scores, their own arrangements of
music or on their own compositions.
♦
Test of knowledge and understanding – Candidates will respond to a set of questions
testing knowledge and understanding including questions about audio excerpts.
Evidence should be produced in supervised, closed-book conditions with a time limit of
50 minutes. Responses may be written or in the form of an oral recording. The test will
include alternative sections relating to MIDI Sequencing or Sound Engineering and
Production.
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
4
National Unit Specification: statement of standards (cont)
UNIT
Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
Details of the mandatory concepts and techniques specified for this level of music technology
are given in the Appendix to this Unit.
Assessors should note the following conditions:
♦
♦
In MIDI Sequencing candidates may not use commercial files or music files edited by
anyone else as part of a submission for assessment
In Sound Engineering and Production candidates may not use professional recordings or
material recorded by anyone else as part of a submission for assessment
The National Assessment Bank item for this Unit illustrates the standard to be applied and the
breadth of coverage; it includes an assignment brief, an assessor’s observation checklist and a
test of knowledge and understanding. Centres who wish to develop their own instrument of
assessment should refer to the National Assessment Bank to ensure a comparable standard.
.
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
5
National Unit Specification: support notes
UNIT
Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
This part of the Unit Specification is offered as guidance.
mandatory.
The support notes are not
While the exact time allocated to this Unit is at the discretion of the centre, the notional
design length is 40 hours.
GUIDANCE ON THE CONTENT AND CONTEXT FOR THIS UNIT
Candidates will have the opportunity to develop and refine their technical and musical
competence in performing. The study of a variety of musical styles and genres will provide a
context for development of these performing skills and for acquisition, through practical
activity, of conceptual knowledge and understanding. While the development of musical
literacy is to be encouraged, it is not a mandatory route to performing.
Candidates studying this Unit as part of the Intermediate 2 Course will benefit from a breadth
of performance opportunities, solo and in group, as appropriate, in preparation for the Course
assessment where, in the course of a prepared recital, they will demonstrate the ability to
perform with accuracy in pitch and rhythm and to play musically, maintaining the musical
flow and realising and interpreting the composer’s intentions with regard to tempo, phrasing
and dynamics.
Exemplification of appropriate levels of difficulty is to be found in SQA’s National
Qualifications in Music: Performing.
Candidates who study this Unit will develop knowledge, understanding and practical skills in
either MIDI Sequencing or Sound Engineering and Production.
They will demonstrate their abilities in processes followed throughout the Unit and in a test of
knowledge and understanding. Candidates should keep a log of their recordings to identify the
equipment used, the music performed (with a score or a performance plan included), the
performers, and the editing processes used.
Where candidates are taking the Unit as part of the Intermediate 2 Music Course, the final
product folio will be submitted for course assessment. For the Intermediate 2 Music Course,
an appreciation of compositional concepts achieved through studying this Unit is of particular
relevance, where an integrated understanding arises from the experience of performing,
listening and composing.
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
6
National Unit Specification: support notes (cont)
UNIT
Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
GUIDANCE ON LEARNING AND TEACHING APPROACHES FOR THIS
UNIT
This Unit can be delivered in a variety of teaching situations.
Outcome 1
For performing, preparation may be in class and/or in the course of individual or group
instrumental lessons, either in or outside the centre. A variety of repertoire in addition to that
used for assessment purposes could be explored, with candidates having the opportunity to
play solo and in group situations as appropriate. Candidates will have the opportunity to
extend, develop and refine their technical and musical competence in performing. The study
of a variety of musical styles and genres will provide a context for developing these
performing skills and, through practical activity, conceptual knowledge and understanding.
In Performing, opportunities could be created to enable candidates to perform to members of
their class and to others.
Where this Unit is being taken as part of the Intermediate 2 Music Course, candidates will
gain an understanding of style and compositional techniques from the repertoire studied.
Outcome 2
In the chosen area of music technology, candidates will base their work on published music
scores, their own arrangements of music, or on their own compositions to demonstrate
creative use of MIDI Sequencing or Sound Engineering and Production. Personal decisions
about organising, setting up, creating tracks, evaluating the music and refining the final mix
should demonstrate an objective, constructive and imaginative understanding of the concepts
and techniques involved in achieving an effective musical production. The mandatory
concepts for the optional areas of music technology, detailed in the Appendix, should be used
to indicate the breadth of candidates’ practical skills in assignments which lead to completed
recordings.
Useful classroom activities might include tutor demonstrations of good practice, peer-group
opinions and support, and independent work.
At this level it is anticipated that candidates will have already acquired a basic knowledge of
the essential equipment to be used in this Unit. Individuals should benefit from some
independent or peer-group work with a smaller proportion of class time being spent on class
tuition.
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
7
National Unit Specification: support notes (cont)
UNIT
Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
The following conditions should be noted:
♦
In MIDI Sequencing candidates may not use commercial files or music files edited by
anyone else as part of a submission for assessment
♦
In Sound Engineering and Production candidates may not use professional recordings or
material recorded by anyone else as part of a submission for assessment
GUIDANCE ON APPROACHES TO ASSESSMENT FOR THIS UNIT
Centres will know from their preparation of candidates, and from formative assessment of
work in progress, when candidates are ready for formal Unit assessment. It is likely that
assessment of practical skills will take place towards the end of the Unit, allowing time for
any re-evaluation, re-editing and re-assessment which may be required from the candidate. It
is important that the assessor’s observation checklist and a candidate’s log are maintained
throughout the Unit in order to inform assessment of the candidate’s development in the
creative use of technology.
Centres will find that the National Assessment Bank items for this Unit provide a useful
checklist and guidance for assessing candidate performance against the Performance Criteria
detailed in the Statement of Standards.
Assessment of the Unit will consist of:
♦
♦
a performance programme, solo and/or in group, on one instrument/voice, lasting 4
minutes
evidence of attainment of Outcomes and Performance Criteria in MIDI Sequencing or
Sound Engineering and Production derived from assessor observation checklists and
from a test of knowledge and understanding.
If this Unit is taken as part of the Intermediate 2 Music Course, a completed audio folio of
instrumental or vocal performances and MIDI Sequencing or Sound Engineering and
Production mixes will be submitted for course assessment. Details of this are given in the
Course Assessment Specification.
CANDIDATES WITH ADDITIONAL SUPPORT NEEDS
This Unit Specification is intended to ensure that there are no artificial barriers to learning or
assessment. The additional support needs of individual candidates should be taken into
account when planning learning experiences, selecting assessment instruments or considering
alternative Outcomes for Units. For information on these, please refer to the document
Guidance on Assessment Arrangements for Candidates with Disabilities and/or Additional
Support Needs (SQA, 2004).
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
8
Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
APPENDIX
Sound Engineering and Production Mandatory Concepts
Intermediate 2 subsumes the concepts from all lower levels
INTERMEDIATE 1 (MANDATORY)
Sound Engineering
ACCESS 3 (MANDATORY)
Sound Engineering
EQUIPMENT, CONTROLS, EFFECTS,
PROCESSES, TECHNIQUES
AND TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Amplifier
CD
Channel
Connector
Count-in
Distortion
Dry
Echo
Fader
Fade in
Fade out
Gain
Headphones
Input
Jack plug
Lead/cable
Level
Loudspeaker
Meter
Microphone
Microphone stand
Mix
Mono(phonic)
Noise
Output
Phono plug
Recorder
Session log
Stereo(phonic)
Track
Trim
Wet
EQUIPMENT, CONTROLS, EFFECTS,
PROCESSES, TECHNIQUES
AND TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Balance
Buss
Cardioid/
uni-directional
microphone
Click track
Close mic’d
DI box
Effects unit
Equalisation (EQ)
Final mix
Foldback
Mixing desk/Mixer
Monitor
Multi-track
Mute/cut
Omni-directional
microphone
Overdrive
Overdub
Pan(ning)
Peak
Popping and blasting
Pop-shield
Reverb(eration)
Stereo master
Talkback
Time domain effects
Windshield
XLR
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
OTHER MUSICAL
FEATURES
Guitar
Backing vocals
Bass guitar
Drum kit
Introduction
Lead vocal
Riff
Synthesiser
Vocals
OTHER MUSICAL
FEATURES
Acoustic guitar
Chorus
(in a song structure)
Dynamics/Expression
Electric guitar
Guide vocal
Solo
Verse
9
Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
APPENDIX (cont)
INTERMEDIATE 2 (MANDATORY)
Sound Engineering
Sound Engineering and Production Mandatory Concepts (cont)
EQUIPMENT, CONTROLS, EFFECTS,
PROCESSES, TECHNIQUES
AND TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
AFL/Solo
Analogue
Auxiliary send/return
Boost (EQ)
Chorus(effect)
Compressor
Condenser microphone
Delay (effect)
Digital
Dynamic mic
Dynamic range
EQ Cut
Feedback
Filter
Frequency response
Impedance
Leakage
Line level
Mic level
Noise gate
PFL
Phantom power
Proximity effect
Punch in/out –
Drop in/out
Sibilance
Signal path
Spillage
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
OTHER MUSICAL
FEATURES
Middle 8
Texture
Bridge
Key change/
modulation
Pitch bend
Rhythms
10
Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
APPENDIX (cont)
(Support concepts)
(Support concepts)
(Support concepts)
INTERMEDIATE 2
INTERMEDIATE 1
ACCESS 3
OTHER SOUND ENGINEERING AND PRODUCTION CONCEPTS FOR
INFORMATION AND SUPPORT IN THE UNIT
Acoustic
Acoustic screen
Arrangements
Circuit breaker
Control room
Live room
Mains multi-block
Record
Session
Signal
Take
Tape
Tone control
Track sheets
Two-track recorder
(2-track)
Arrangements
Ambience
Boom (stand)
Cue
Direct sound
Earth/ground
Indirect sound
Master fader
MIDI
Overdrive
Overload
Pick-Up
Pick-Up pattern
Remix
Stage monitor
Tracking
Flat
Wah-wah
Attenuate
Autolocate
Effects loop (FX)
Foldback
Gated reverb
Hard-disk recorder
I/O
Masking
Mini-disc(MD)
Patchbay
Patchlead
Signal-to-noise
ratio (S/N ratio)
Shock mount
Subgroup
Sub-woofer
Synchronisation
(Sync)
Tweeter
Woofer
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
11
Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
APPENDIX (cont)
MIDI Sequencing Mandatory Concepts
MIDI Sequencing
ACCESS 3 (MANDATORY)
GENERAL TERMS
Arrange window
BPM(beats per minute)
Copy/Cut and paste
Count-in
Event
Local control
Metronome/click
MIDI
MIDI files
MIDI In
MIDI Out
Mix/Balance
Pan
Record
Save
Silence
Synthesizer
Tempo
Time signature
Track (names)
Transport
bar/controls
Undo
Velocity
Volume
MIDI Sequencing
INTERMEDIATE 1 (MANDATORY)
GENERAL TERMS
Backup copy
Balance
Boot
Chorus (in a song
structure)
Controller keyboard
Dynamics/
Expression
Effects(FX)
General MIDI
Import/Export
Introduction
Key change/
Modulation
Level
Locators
Loop
Markers
MIDI channel
MIDI Thru
Modulation controller
Mute
Octave
Pitch
Programme change
Quantization
Reset controller
Reverb(eration)
Snap
Solo
Sustain
Time signature
Track list
Transpose
Verse
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
EQUIPMENT
Amplifier
Headphones
Interface
Loudspeaker
MIDI interface
Sequencer
Synthesizer
EQUIPMENT
CDR
CDRW
GM mixer
Phono connector
USB
12
Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
APPENDIX (cont)
GENERAL TERMS
MIDI Sequencing
INTERMEDIATE 2 (MANDATORY)
MIDI Sequencing Mandatory Concepts (cont)
Chorus depth
Chorus (effect)
Coda
Digital
Fade in
Fade out
Fader
Introduction
Local
Key command
Master fader
Merge
Middle 8
Mix(down)
Mono(phonic)
Multi-timbral
Note off
Note on
Outro
Overdub
Pitch bend
Punch In/Out
-Drop In/Out
Real time
Remix
Rhythms
Stereo(phonic)
Tremolo
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
EQUIPMENT
Sound card
13
Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
APPENDIX (cont)
ACCESS 3
(Support concepts)
(Support concepts)
Cycle/loop modes
Input
Note number
Output
Parameter
(Support concepts)
Continuous controller
Cycle/loops mode
GS(General Standard MIDI)
MIDI implementation chart
Step-time recording
INTERMEDIATE 2
INTERMEDIATE 1
OTHER MIDI SEQUENCING CONCEPTS FOR INFORMATION AND
SUPPORT IN THE UNIT
CD
Computer
Jack connector
Joystick port
Keyboard controller
Studio
Application
File management
Format
Signal
Toolbox
Patch
Production log
Timbre
Track object
Zoom in/out
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Intermediate 2)
Monitor
Sound module
Sustain pedal
14
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