X-PAD Survey for Android - User`s manual

X-PAD Survey for Android - User`s manual
User’s guide
April 2014
© 2014 LSE S.r.l. – All rights reserved
WARNING
In writing this manual every care has been taken to offer the most updated, correct and clear
information possible; however unwanted errors are always possible and information can be subject to
change. LSE S.r.l. cannot assume any liability resulting from the use of this manual and the same is true
for every person or company involved in the creation, production or distribution of this manual. This
manual is protected by copyright. Reproduction of this manual, even partial, in the absence of written
authorization by LSE S.r.l. is prohibited by law.
Trademarks
Google is a registered trademark of Google Inc.
Google Maps is a registered trademark of Google Inc.
Android is a registered trademark of Google Inc.
Bluetooth is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc.
AutoCAD is a registered trademark of AutoDesk Inc.
All other trademarks are trademarks of their respective owners.
© 2014 LSE S.r.l. – All rights reserved
Index
WARNING ............................................................................................................................................. 4
Trademarks............................................................................................................................................... 4
Index ..................................................................................................................................................... 5
Introduction .........................................................................................................................................17
Software installation, activation and first start. ...................................................................................18
Installation procedure ............................................................................................................................ 18
Running the software ............................................................................................................................. 18
Activation procedure .............................................................................................................................. 18
On-line activation (Internet connection required) ............................................................................. 18
Off-line activation ............................................................................................................................... 19
Adding other modules ............................................................................................................................ 19
XPAD version information .................................................................................................................... 20
Information on active modules .............................................................................................................. 20
Installing localization packages .............................................................................................................. 20
Automatic updates ................................................................................................................................. 21
Restoring a previous version .................................................................................................................. 21
Workspace ...........................................................................................................................................23
Main window.......................................................................................................................................... 23
Dialog boxes ........................................................................................................................................... 23
Standard buttons................................................................................................................................ 24
Weather forecast ................................................................................................................................... 24
Device information ................................................................................................................................. 25
Receiver/total station information......................................................................................................... 25
Virtual keyboard ..................................................................................................................................... 26
Inserting latitude and longitude values .................................................................................................. 26
Job managing .......................................................................................................................................28
Sites managing ....................................................................................................................................... 28
Setting current site ............................................................................................................................. 28
Creating a new site ............................................................................................................................. 28
Deleting a site ..................................................................................................................................... 29
Jobs managing ........................................................................................................................................ 29
Jobs on Google map ........................................................................................................................... 30
Jobs on the calendar .......................................................................................................................... 30
5
Creating a new job ............................................................................................................................. 30
Opening an existing job ...................................................................................................................... 32
Opening a job saved on Cloud server ................................................................................................. 32
Properties of the job .......................................................................................................................... 32
Copying or sending a copy of the current job .................................................................................... 33
Deleting a job ..................................................................................................................................... 34
Restoring a job ................................................................................................................................... 34
Job file ................................................................................................................................................ 34
Settings ................................................................................................................................................35
Units ....................................................................................................................................................... 35
Decimals ................................................................................................................................................. 35
Coordinates ............................................................................................................................................ 35
GPS Accuracy check ................................................................................................................................ 35
GPS Survey mode ................................................................................................................................... 36
GPS survey .......................................................................................................................................... 36
Automatic survey ............................................................................................................................... 36
Post-Processing survey ....................................................................................................................... 37
Survey codes ...................................................................................................................................... 37
TPS survey .............................................................................................................................................. 37
Accuracy check ................................................................................................................................... 37
Survey codes ...................................................................................................................................... 38
Angles ................................................................................................................................................. 38
Stakeout ................................................................................................................................................. 38
Miscellaneous ......................................................................................................................................... 39
Setup various ...................................................................................................................................... 39
Automatic exporting .......................................................................................................................... 39
Saving and loading settings .................................................................................................................... 40
Save settings as default ...................................................................................................................... 40
Save setup as ...................................................................................................................................... 40
Load settings ...................................................................................................................................... 40
Points, measures, survey codes and GIS features managing.................................................................41
Topographic points................................................................................................................................. 41
Creating a new point .......................................................................................................................... 41
Editing a point .................................................................................................................................... 42
Visualizing point on CAD .................................................................................................................... 42
Stakeout of a point ............................................................................................................................. 42
Deleting a point .................................................................................................................................. 42
6
Deleting a group of points .................................................................................................................. 42
Deleting coincident points ................................................................................................................. 42
Sharing data of a point ....................................................................................................................... 43
Searching a point ................................................................................................................................ 43
Visualizing Latitude, Longitude and Elevation .................................................................................... 43
Visualizing East/X, North/Y and Elevation/Z ...................................................................................... 43
Visualizing Distance and direction...................................................................................................... 43
Diagram Distances/Elevation ............................................................................................................. 43
Transferring points on reference points table ................................................................................... 44
Loading points from a job .................................................................................................................. 44
Saving points on another job ............................................................................................................. 44
Fieldbook of measures ........................................................................................................................... 45
Editing a measure ............................................................................................................................... 45
Deleting a measure ............................................................................................................................ 45
Deleting a group of measures ............................................................................................................ 45
Searching a measure .......................................................................................................................... 45
Visualizing notes ................................................................................................................................. 46
Adding a note ..................................................................................................................................... 46
Reference points .................................................................................................................................... 46
Survey codes .......................................................................................................................................... 46
Creating a new code ........................................................................................................................... 47
Editing a code ..................................................................................................................................... 48
Deleting a code................................................................................................................................... 48
Deleting a group of codes .................................................................................................................. 48
Creating a new library ........................................................................................................................ 48
Loading an existing library.................................................................................................................. 48
Importing a list of codes from ASCII file ............................................................................................. 48
Exporting current library .................................................................................................................... 49
Managing GIS data ............................................................................................................................. 49
GIS features ............................................................................................................................................ 49
Creating a new GIS feature ................................................................................................................ 50
Adding a GIS attribute ........................................................................................................................ 50
Saving GIS features ............................................................................................................................. 51
Loading GIS features .......................................................................................................................... 51
Coordinate system ...............................................................................................................................52
Cartographic system ............................................................................................................................... 52
Loading a predefined system ............................................................................................................. 52
7
Saving a system as predefined ........................................................................................................... 53
Deleting current cartographic system ................................................................................................ 53
GPS localization ...................................................................................................................................... 53
Local system – single point ................................................................................................................. 53
Local system – Site calibration ........................................................................................................... 54
Cartographic system........................................................................................................................... 55
Calculation of elevations .................................................................................................................... 55
Exporting current coordinate system as default system .................................................................... 56
Exporting current coordinate system ................................................................................................. 56
Loading a coordinate system ............................................................................................................. 56
Report of current coordinate system ................................................................................................. 56
TPS coefficients ...................................................................................................................................... 56
CAD ......................................................................................................................................................58
Closing CAD ............................................................................................................................................ 58
Visualization commands ......................................................................................................................... 58
GPS navigation mode ............................................................................................................................. 59
3D View .................................................................................................................................................. 59
Google Map ............................................................................................................................................ 59
Augmented reality .................................................................................................................................. 60
CAD setup ............................................................................................................................................... 60
Survey ................................................................................................................................................. 60
Points.................................................................................................................................................. 60
CAD ..................................................................................................................................................... 60
Importing DXF files ................................................................................................................................. 61
Exporting DXF files.................................................................................................................................. 61
Layer management................................................................................................................................. 61
Setting current layer ........................................................................................................................... 61
Creating a new layer ........................................................................................................................... 61
Making visible/invisible a layer .......................................................................................................... 61
Keeping visible/invisible all layers ...................................................................................................... 61
Changing color/linetype to a layer ..................................................................................................... 62
Deleting layers .................................................................................................................................... 62
Raster images managing ........................................................................................................................ 62
Importing a raster image .................................................................................................................... 62
Making visible/invisible a raster image .............................................................................................. 62
Deleting a raster image ...................................................................................................................... 62
Connecting a raster image ................................................................................................................. 63
8
Object snap ............................................................................................................................................ 63
Operation of object snap ................................................................................................................... 63
Snap to topographic points ................................................................................................................ 63
Drawing functions .................................................................................................................................. 63
Editing and creation of new points functions ........................................................................................ 64
Deleting objects.................................................................................................................................. 64
Distance intersection ......................................................................................................................... 64
Intersection ........................................................................................................................................ 64
Distance e offset ................................................................................................................................. 65
Divide ................................................................................................................................................. 65
Measure ............................................................................................................................................. 65
Offset .................................................................................................................................................. 65
Lengthen............................................................................................................................................. 66
Information commands .......................................................................................................................... 66
Coordinate of a point ......................................................................................................................... 66
Distance between two points ............................................................................................................ 66
Distance point-object ......................................................................................................................... 66
Angle .................................................................................................................................................. 67
Area .................................................................................................................................................... 67
List ...................................................................................................................................................... 67
Find topographic point ....................................................................................................................... 67
Toolbar contextual – Points ................................................................................................................... 67
Contextual toolbar – CAD objects .......................................................................................................... 68
Instruments settings ............................................................................................................................69
Creation of a new GPS profile ................................................................................................................ 69
Profile page ........................................................................................................................................ 70
Device page ........................................................................................................................................ 70
RTK page ............................................................................................................................................. 70
RTK – Radio page ................................................................................................................................ 70
RTK – GPRS page ................................................................................................................................ 71
Parameters page ................................................................................................................................ 71
Antenna page ..................................................................................................................................... 71
Managing of profiles of internet provider .......................................................................................... 72
Managing of profiles of servers of permanent stations (NTRIP) ........................................................ 72
Managing profiles of direct call .......................................................................................................... 72
Creation of a profile using the GPS of the device................................................................................... 73
Creation of a new Total station profile .................................................................................................. 73
9
Profile page ........................................................................................................................................ 73
Device page ........................................................................................................................................ 73
Editing a profile ...................................................................................................................................... 74
Deleting a profile .................................................................................................................................... 74
Make current a profile ........................................................................................................................... 74
Reconfigure instruments ........................................................................................................................ 74
Creation of a new profile Laser Disto ..................................................................................................... 74
Profile page ........................................................................................................................................ 74
Device page ........................................................................................................................................ 75
Parameters page ................................................................................................................................ 75
GPS – GPS status ..................................................................................................................................76
Quality .................................................................................................................................................... 76
Position ................................................................................................................................................... 77
Skyplot .................................................................................................................................................... 77
Satellites ................................................................................................................................................. 77
Base ........................................................................................................................................................ 77
Map ........................................................................................................................................................ 78
Utility commands ................................................................................................................................... 78
Reset RTK correction .......................................................................................................................... 78
Activate/Deactivate use of constellations .......................................................................................... 78
Change cut-off angle .......................................................................................................................... 78
Connect/Disconnect GPRS ................................................................................................................. 78
Change mountpoint ........................................................................................................................... 78
Reconfigure receiver .......................................................................................................................... 79
Editing GPS profile .............................................................................................................................. 79
GPS status panel ..................................................................................................................................... 79
GPS - Starting a base ............................................................................................................................81
Starting a base on a known position ...................................................................................................... 81
Starting a base on current position ........................................................................................................ 82
Starting a base with previous settings ................................................................................................... 82
Survey of points – GPS and TPS common functions ..............................................................................83
Electronic bubble.................................................................................................................................... 83
Activation of the electronic bubble .................................................................................................... 83
Calibration of the electronic bubble .................................................................................................. 83
Survey codes assignment ....................................................................................................................... 84
Manual insertion of code ................................................................................................................... 84
Selection from table of the code ........................................................................................................ 84
10
Quick codes ........................................................................................................................................ 84
Customization of Quick codes ............................................................................................................ 85
GIS features ............................................................................................................................................ 85
Smart Drawing – Drawing during survey ................................................................................................ 86
Average coordinates .............................................................................................................................. 87
Tools & utilities ....................................................................................................................................... 87
Edit last point ..................................................................................................................................... 87
Delete last point ................................................................................................................................. 87
Share last point .................................................................................................................................. 87
Adding a note ..................................................................................................................................... 87
Points & measures ............................................................................................................................. 88
GPS - Survey of points ..........................................................................................................................89
Survey of points ...................................................................................................................................... 89
Rapid measuring of points ................................................................................................................. 90
Measuring of points ........................................................................................................................... 91
Accuracy check ................................................................................................................................... 92
Hidden points ..................................................................................................................................... 93
Measuring of hidden points by intersection of two distances ........................................................... 93
Measuring of hidden points by alignment and offset ........................................................................ 95
Recording of raw data during survey ................................................................................................. 96
Automatic survey of points .................................................................................................................... 97
Startup of the automatic measuring .................................................................................................. 98
Static survey ........................................................................................................................................... 98
Starting occupation ............................................................................................................................ 99
GPS - Stakeout ...................................................................................................................................100
Stakeout information ........................................................................................................................... 100
Stakeout tolerance ........................................................................................................................... 102
Information referring to North or to Sun or to a reference point .................................................... 102
Graphic and analytic view ................................................................................................................ 102
Vocal information ............................................................................................................................. 102
How to interpret information provided ........................................................................................... 103
Common operations in Stakeout ......................................................................................................... 103
Measuring the point ......................................................................................................................... 103
Stakeout parameters ........................................................................................................................ 103
Inserting a note ................................................................................................................................ 104
Stakeout of points ................................................................................................................................ 104
Stakeout of a list of points ............................................................................................................... 105
11
Stakeout of coordinates ENZ ............................................................................................................ 105
Stakeout of WGS84 coordinates ...................................................................................................... 105
Stakeout procedure .......................................................................................................................... 106
Stakeout of the next point ............................................................................................................... 106
Stakeout of lines/arcs/objects.............................................................................................................. 106
Stakeout of line by 2 points.............................................................................................................. 107
Stakeout of arc by 3 points............................................................................................................... 107
Stakeout of arc by 2 points and radius ............................................................................................. 107
Stakeout of CAD element ................................................................................................................. 107
Offset ................................................................................................................................................ 107
Stakeout procedure.......................................................................................................................... 107
Stakeout of lines/arcs/objects by offset .............................................................................................. 108
Stakeout by offset referring to a line by 2 points ............................................................................. 109
Stakeout by offset referring to an arc by 3 points ........................................................................... 109
Stakeout by offset referring to an arc by 2 points and radius .......................................................... 109
Stakeout by offset referring to a CAD element ................................................................................ 109
Parameters di offset ......................................................................................................................... 109
Stakeout procedure .......................................................................................................................... 110
Stakeout of the next point by offset ................................................................................................ 110
Stakeout of surfaces ............................................................................................................................. 110
Stakeout report .................................................................................................................................... 111
GPS - Monitoring ................................................................................................................................112
Monitoring ........................................................................................................................................... 112
Activity log ............................................................................................................................................ 112
Settings ................................................................................................................................................. 113
TPS - Controlling the total station ......................................................................................................115
Mechanic total station control panel ................................................................................................... 115
Control panel of robotic total station................................................................................................... 116
Robotic page..................................................................................................................................... 116
Rotation page ................................................................................................................................... 117
Joystick page .................................................................................................................................... 118
Definition of research area............................................................................................................... 119
Settings of type of target...................................................................................................................... 120
Favorite prisms ................................................................................................................................. 120
Constants of targets ......................................................................................................................... 121
TPS - Basic ..........................................................................................................................................122
Main commands ................................................................................................................................... 122
12
TPS – Station setup ............................................................................................................................124
Using previous setup ............................................................................................................................ 124
Using the orientation of another job ................................................................................................... 124
New orientation ................................................................................................................................... 124
Orientation to known point ............................................................................................................. 125
Orientation by Azimuth .................................................................................................................... 125
Free station ...................................................................................................................................... 126
No orientation .................................................................................................................................. 127
Setting of elevation of the station from reference point ................................................................. 127
Cancelling the elevation of the station ............................................................................................ 127
TPS - Survey of points .........................................................................................................................128
Rapid measuring of points ............................................................................................................... 130
Measuring of points ......................................................................................................................... 130
Measuring traverse points ................................................................................................................... 131
Measuring of points by offset horizontal angle ................................................................................... 131
Measuring of points by offset vertical angle ........................................................................................ 131
Measuring of points by offset in distance ............................................................................................ 132
Measuring of points on face 1 and face 2 ............................................................................................ 132
Measuring of points only with angle .................................................................................................... 132
TPS - STAKEOUT .................................................................................................................................133
Stakeout information ........................................................................................................................... 133
Stakeout tolerance ........................................................................................................................... 135
Information referring to Target, to total station, to North or to a reference point ......................... 135
Graphic and analytic view ................................................................................................................ 135
Vocal information ............................................................................................................................. 135
Common operations in stakeout .......................................................................................................... 135
Measuring the point ......................................................................................................................... 135
Stakeout parameters ........................................................................................................................ 136
Turn toward point ............................................................................................................................ 136
Insertion of a Note ........................................................................................................................... 136
Stakeout of points ................................................................................................................................ 137
Stakeout of a list of points ............................................................................................................... 137
Stakeout of coordinates ENZ ............................................................................................................ 138
Stakeout procedure .......................................................................................................................... 138
Stakeout of next point ...................................................................................................................... 138
Stakeout of lines/arcs/objects.............................................................................................................. 138
Stakeout of line by 2 points .............................................................................................................. 139
13
Stakeout of arc by 3 points............................................................................................................... 139
Stakeout of arc by 2 points and radius ............................................................................................. 139
Stakeout of CAD element ................................................................................................................. 139
Offset ................................................................................................................................................ 139
Stakeout procedure .......................................................................................................................... 140
Stakeout of lines/arcs/objects by offset .............................................................................................. 141
Stakeout by offset referring to a line by 2 points ............................................................................. 141
Stakeout by offset referring to an arc by 3 points ........................................................................... 141
Stakeout by offset referring to an arc by 2 points and radius .......................................................... 141
Stakeout by offset referring to a CAD element ................................................................................ 141
Parameters di offset ......................................................................................................................... 141
Stakeout procedure .......................................................................................................................... 142
Stakeout of the next point by offset ................................................................................................ 142
Stakeout of surfaces ............................................................................................................................. 142
Stakeout report .................................................................................................................................... 143
TPS - Monitoring ................................................................................................................................144
Monitoring flow.................................................................................................................................... 144
Control points ....................................................................................................................................... 144
Inserting a new check point ............................................................................................................. 144
Monitoring points................................................................................................................................. 145
Insert a new monitoring point ......................................................................................................... 145
Station orientation ............................................................................................................................... 146
Orientation mode ............................................................................................................................. 146
Station Data ...................................................................................................................................... 146
Measuring reference points ............................................................................................................. 146
Monitoring Automatic .......................................................................................................................... 147
Monitoring single (manual) .................................................................................................................. 147
Report................................................................................................................................................... 147
Report Points .................................................................................................................................... 148
Report sessions ................................................................................................................................ 148
Exporting and sharing Report........................................................................................................... 148
Activity log ............................................................................................................................................ 148
Settings ................................................................................................................................................. 149
COGO .................................................................................................................................................152
Inverse .................................................................................................................................................. 152
Inverse referring to a point .............................................................................................................. 152
Inverse referring to a line by 2 points .............................................................................................. 152
14
Inverse referring to an arc by 3 points ............................................................................................. 153
Inverse referring to an arc by 2 points and radius ........................................................................... 153
Inverse referring to a CAD element.................................................................................................. 153
Distance & Offset ................................................................................................................................. 154
Intersection .......................................................................................................................................... 155
Intersection Double distance ........................................................................................................... 155
Intersection Distance and azimuth .................................................................................................. 156
Intersection double azimuth ............................................................................................................ 156
Intersection 4 points ........................................................................................................................ 157
Area subdivision ................................................................................................................................... 158
Volumes and surfaces ........................................................................................................................159
Surfaces ................................................................................................................................................ 159
Creating a surface............................................................................................................................. 159
Surfaces editing ................................................................................................................................ 160
Visualization of surface on Google Map........................................................................................... 160
Visualization of surface in 3D ........................................................................................................... 161
Surface visualization parameters ..................................................................................................... 161
Deleting a surface ............................................................................................................................. 161
Performing the stakeout of a surface............................................................................................... 162
Surfaces importing ........................................................................................................................... 162
Viewing the surfaces in the CAD ...................................................................................................... 162
Volume calculation ............................................................................................................................... 162
Volume referring to a reference elevation ...................................................................................... 162
Volume referring to a reference point ............................................................................................. 163
Volume of a stockpile/pit ................................................................................................................. 163
Volume referring to a reference plane ............................................................................................ 163
Calculation parameters .................................................................................................................... 163
Viewing calculated data ................................................................................................................... 164
Deleting a calculated volume ........................................................................................................... 164
Data import........................................................................................................................................165
Importing from file in AutoCAD DXF format ........................................................................................ 165
Importing from file in ASCII format ...................................................................................................... 165
Importing from files in GSI format ....................................................................................................... 166
Importing from files in LandXML format .............................................................................................. 166
Importing from files in ESRI Shape format ........................................................................................... 166
Importing a raster map ........................................................................................................................ 167
Export & share data ...........................................................................................................................168
15
Exporting on file in AutoCAD DXF format ............................................................................................. 168
Exporting on file in ASCII format .......................................................................................................... 168
Exporting on file in GSI format ............................................................................................................. 169
Exporting on file in LandXML format .................................................................................................... 170
Exporting on file in Google Earth KML format ..................................................................................... 170
Exporting on file in STAR*NET format .................................................................................................. 170
Exporting measures .............................................................................................................................. 170
16
Introduction
Thank you for purchasing XPAD Survey for Android!
This guide will allow you to get all the information you need to use your XPAD quickly and efficiently in
all situations.
XPAD functions are organized in modules that cover the different needs of users. Modularity is the
following:
Modules
Description
GPS
Main module inside which you find all basic functions for surveying and
Stakeout with GPS.
TPS
Main module inside which you find all basic functions for surveying and
Stakeout with total station.
Robotic
Add-on module allowing to use robotic and motorized total stations. Requests
presence of the TPS module.
Volumes
Add-on module for surfaces stakeout, volumes and surfaces calculation.
GIS
Add-on module for GIS data surveying; as well as the position of the point, the
software allows to record other properties freely definable by the user.
Monitor
GPS
Add-on module for monitoring with GPS equipment.
Monitor
TPS
Add-on module for monitoring with motorized total station.
In the command’s description it’s reported the logo of the corresponding module.
Introduction - 17
Software installation, activation and first start.
To install the software in the device it’s necessary to have the following files:
File
Description
it.geomax.xpad.apk
Installation (setup) file
XPAD_*_Pack.lpk
Localization file corresponding to your country (optional)
Installation procedure
Step
Description
1
Copy it.geomax.xpad.apk file and optional (*.lpk) localization file inside the Android
device main folder
2
Run XPAD installation from the device by clicking on it.geomax.xpad.apk file icon
3
Confirm requests and proceed with installation
4
XPAD is ready to run
Running the software
Step
1
2
Description
Select the Android Apps icon and search XPAD Survey icon among the present apps
Click on XPAD Survey
icon
Activation procedure
At first run it’s necessary to proceed with XPAD activation. Two software activation modes are
available.
On-line activation (Internet connection required)
Step
Description
1
Select On-line (internet) option; device must be connected to Internet
2
Insert the device’s serial number
3
Insert the e-mail address on which to receive the e-mail containing the license activation
4
Keep ready the license sheets, one for each module to activate; if you are activating the
software for the first time at least one module must be a main module. Main modules are
XPA-GPS and XPA-TPS.
5
For each license sheet insert product serial number and product ID in the corresponding
spaces
6
Press Request button
18 - Installation procedure
7
An e-mail with activation confirmation will be sent to the indicated e-mail address
8
When you receive the e-mail message hit Activate button.
9
XPAD will be automatically activated with requested modules
Off-line activation
Step
Description
1
Select Off-line option
2
Press Create HostID button; GF_HOSTID.txt file it’s generated in the device main folder
3
Send file to your reference person in GeoMax with device serial number, brand and model
4
Wait for GF_LICENSE.txt file containing the license that will allow software activation
5
Copy GF_LICENSE.txt file in the device main folder
6
Press Activate license button
7
XPAD will be automatically activated with requested modules
Adding other modules
It’s possible to add other modules to current configuration.
Software installation, activation and first start. - 19
Step
1
2
Description
Run XPAD
Click on XPAD icon on top left
3
Select License & Modules page
4
Hit Change license button
5
Proceed as explained in previous paragraph Activation procedure
XPAD version information
Step
1
Description
Click on XPAD icon on top left
2
Select About page
3
In the page you find the XPAD version number you are using
Information on active modules
Step
1
Description
Click on XPAD icon on top left
2
Select License & Modules page
3
In the page you find several information as number and type of license and active modules
Installing localization packages
Localization packages allow to install in your device some system files necessary to use the product in a
particular country or with a particular language. Localization packages can be requested to your GeoMax
reference.
Localization packages can contain:
Localization packages content
Voice messages in the corresponding language
Coordinates correction models
Geoid models
Other settings
Step
Description
20 - XPAD version information
1
2
Copy localization package file in the XPAD folder of your device
Run XPAD
3
Hit Settings button
4
Select Miscellaneous option
5
Hit Install button corresponding to Localization text
6
The list of all available localization packages in the controller appears
7
Select packages to install to run installation
8
The corresponding file can be deleted automatically at the end of the installation procedure
to gain space in the disk
Automatic updates
At start XPAD check automatically for updates; if an update is available the corresponding icon appears
in the main screen top bar.
Step
1
2
Description
Click on
button to see the list of new items in the update
Hit Install to download the update and install it
Restoring a previous version
All updates that are downloaded and installed on the device are saved to allow eventual restoring of a
previous version.
Step
1
Description
Click on XPAD icon on top left
Software installation, activation and first start. - 21
2
Select Releases page
3
Select the version to restore
22 - Restoring a previous version
Workspace
Understanding the rules about operating with the workspace is essential to use the software quickly and
efficiently.
Main window
The main window is characterized by the menu that organizes the different commands basing on their
function.
In the lower part there are the general purpose commands.
Command
Description
CAD
Enter the graphic CAD
GPS
Enter the window that allows to control general status of the connected
receiver and to change current profile. The icon represent the type of
instrument actually connected: Rover GPS or Base GPS.
TPS
Enter the window that allows to perform simple measures with total
station and check all measuring setup
Settings
Quit
Enter the widow that allows to set parameters of the receiver and of the
software
Quit software
Dialog boxes
Dialog boxes are characterized by an upper bar reporting several useful information:
Object
Description
XPAD icon
Clicking on this icon you access to general information about software,
license, active modules and previously installed versions.
Workspace - 23
Job name or
screen title
In main screen you can see the name of the job, in the dialog box the
title of the box.
Update
available
The presence of this icon indicates that an XPAD update is available;
click on the icon to see the new items contained in the update and
proceed with download and installation.
Weather
Icon shows the current weather; by clicking on it a window with
weather forecast for the next hours and days is shown.
Device battery
Device battery charge. By clicking on it a window with several
information about device is shown.
GPS/TPS
Battery
GPS receiver or total station battery charge. By clicking on it a window
with several information about receiver or total station is shown.
Current time
In the lower part of most part of the dialog boxes there is a bar containing commands you can use in the
box.
Standard buttons
Button
Description
Closes the window; in a Step by Step procedure goes back to previous Step.
Saves content of the fields and closes the window.
Saves results obtained and continues with procedure.
Utilities to manage window data.
Adds a new item to data present in the window.
Eliminates selected objects present in the window.
In a Step by Step procedure loads the next page.
Allows to access to cloud servers; you can download files from a cloud server on
the controller but also save in the cloud server files generated by the software.
Activates procedure for stakeout of the point
Weather forecast
This window shows the weather forecast for next hours and next days.
24 - Weather forecast
Clicking on a day the weather forecast for the hours of that day is shown.
Button
Description
Update weather forecast
Device information
This window shows general information about device.
Receiver/total station information
This window shows general information about GPS receiver or total station connected.
Workspace - 25
Virtual keyboard
To access virtual keyboard from an input field click inside the field itself. Virtual keyboard allows to
insert alphabetic, numeric and symbols.
Button
Description
Closes the window
Activates the alphabetic keyboard
Activates numeric keyboard
Restores the starting value
Saves content of the fields and closes the window.
Inserting latitude and longitude values
In the input fields representing latitude and longitude values, you have to insert values according to this
rule:
26 - Virtual keyboard
<sign>GG.MMSSssss
Character
<sign>
GG
.
Description
+ for latitude North and longitude East
- for latitude South and longitude West
Decimal degrees
Separator
MM
Two characters for minutes
SS
Two characters for seconds
ssss
Value
Tenths of a second
Value to input
12°34’56.7890 N
12.34567890
12°34’56.7890 S
-12.34567890
123°45’56.7890 E
123.45567890
123°45’56.7890 W
-123.45567890
Workspace - 27
Job managing
Jobs are organized in Sites; you can create new sites and manage existing sites; every new job is created
in the current site. Every site can contain several jobs.
Sites managing
JOB Menu
New/Open Job
The list of the sites present in the device is shown. For every site, the number of jobs present is
indicated.
Button
Description
LIST
Alphabetic list of the sites
MAP
Sites are shown on Google map.
To create a new site
Setting current site
JOB Menu
New/Open Job
Select line corresponding to the site to setup as current site; you go back to window with jobs list; only
jobs of the selected site are shown.
Creating a new site
JOB Menu
28 - Sites managing
New/Open Job
Field
Description
Site name
Name of the site to create
POSITION
Address and position of the site; if your device has a valid GPS position it is
automatically reported. If your device is connected to internet it’s shown also
corresponding address.
Deleting a site
JOB Menu
Job utilities
Delete site
Select site to delete. Jobs contained in the site will be deleted.
Jobs managing
The list of the jobs present in the device is shown.
Button
Description
LIST
List of jobs
MAP
Visualization of the jobs on Google map.
CALENDAR
Visualization of the jobs on the calendar
Job managing - 29
Site manager
Access to jobs present on a Cloud platform as Dropbox, Google Drive, SkyDrive.
Create a new job
Jobs on Google map
The position of the jobs is indicated by the XPAD icon; click on the icon to have information about a job
and to open it. If there are more jobs in the same area a corresponding list is shown.
Jobs on the calendar
Jobs are visualized on a calendar basing on the date of their creation. To open a job click on the
corresponding day; if they have been created more jobs in a day you will see the number of jobs
created that day and then the list is visualized.
Creating a new job
JOB Menu
30 - Jobs managing
New/Open Job
Field
Description
Site
Site in which the job will be created
Job name
Name of the job to create
Reference job
You can create a link between the new job and an existing job; when you open
the job, the points present in the reference job will be loaded in the new job
as reference points and they can be used for all the operation of orientation of
the total station, calibration of the GPS site, etc.
Codes library
A survey codes library to link with the job. The library contains a list of codes,
descriptions and symbols that can be used to describe the measured points.
GIS
GIS features
GIS features library to associate to the job. The library contains definitions of
GIS features and of properties that can be associated to the survey codes;
when a point is saved, in addition to position it’s possible to save the
properties defined by the associated GIS feature.
Annotation
Descriptive notes of the job.
COORDINATES
SYSTEM
They are visualized information about the coordinates system assigned to the
new job. To the new job it’s assigned the coordinates system set as default
system.
POSITION
Address and position of the job; if your device has a valid GPS position it is
automatically reported. If your device is connected to internet it’s visualized
also the corresponding address.
Job managing - 31
Opening an existing job
JOB Menu
New/Open Job
Select the site containing the job to open; then select the job from the list, from the Google map or from
the calendar.
Opening a job saved on Cloud server
JOB Menu
Step
New/Open Job
Description
1
Select the cloud server in which jobs are saved
2
Sometimes it’s asked the login at server.
3
Select the job to open; the job will be copied in the current site and you can open it.
Properties of the job
JOB Menu
32 - Jobs managing
Job utilities
Job properties
Field
Description
Site
Site of the job
Job name
Name of the job
Reference job
You can create a link between the new job and an existing job; when you open the
job, the points present in the reference job will be loaded in the new job as
reference points and they can be used for all the operation of orientation of the
total station, calibration of the GPS site, etc.
Codes library
A survey codes library to link with the job. The library contains a list of codes,
descriptions and symbols that can be used to describe the measured points.
GIS
GIS features
GIS features library to associate to the job. The library contains definitions of GIS
features and of properties that can be associated to the survey codes; when a point
is saved, in addition to position it’s possible to save the properties defined by the
associated GIS feature.
Notes
Descriptive notes of the job.
COORDINATES
SYSTEM
They are visualized information about the coordinates system assigned to the new
job. To the new job it’s assigned the coordinates system set as default system.
POSITION
Address and position of the job; if your device has a valid GPS position it is
automatically reported. If your device is connected to internet it’s visualized also
the corresponding address.
Copying or sending a copy of the current job
JOB Menu
Job utilities
Save a copy of the job
Job managing - 33
Field
Description
Job name
Name to assign to the copy of the job
Device/Cloud
Allows to save the copy of the job on your device or on a cloud server.
Share file
Allows to use services available on your Android device as sending file by e-mail,
by WI-Fi, Bluetooth, etc.
Deleting a job
JOB Menu
Job utilities
Delete job
Job utilities
Restore job
Select jobs to delete.
Restoring a job
JOB Menu
The restoring procedure allows to import in a new job the RAW file of another job that is damaged and
that you can’t open no more. You are asked to select the RAW file to load and to assign a name to the
new file to create.
Step
Description
1
Select RAW file of the job to restore
2
Assign a name to the new job to create containing the restore data
Job file
Every job is saved in a file with GFD extension. When you open the job a copy is created automatically
with GFD_BAK extension.
Moreover, to every closure of the job the RAW file is created with RAW extension; the RAW file it’s a
text file reporting all essential data of the job: topographic points and measures. The RAW file can be
used by third-party software to import data.
Sketches associated to points or to measures fieldbook are saved in a sub-folder of the folder of the job;
the name of the sub-folder is <name of the job>_IMG.
34 - Jobs managing
Settings
The software operations are subjected to a series of parameters and options that are fully customizable
by the user.
Units
Setup
Units
The page allows to set the units of measure to use for every type of data.
Decimals
Setup
Decimals
The page allows to set the number of decimals to show for every type of data.
Coordinates
Setup
Coordinates
The page allows to set the symbols to mark the abscissa, the ordinates and the elevations. Moreover it’s
possible to set the order of visualization and insertion of abscissa and ordinates.
GPS Accuracy check
Setup
GPS Accuracy check
Settings - 35
Field
Description
Accuracy check
Activates accuracy check; GPS epoch is accepted if the current precision
satisfies the preset precision conditions.
H
Maximum horizontal precision to make acceptable the GPS epoch
V
Maximum vertical precision (elevation) to make acceptable the GPS epoch
DOP check
Activates the check on DOP value; the GPS epoch is accepted only if the DOP
value is lower than the preset one.
Maximum DOP
Maximum DOP value to make acceptable the GPS epoch.
Satellites check
Activates the number of satellites check; the GPS epoch is accepted only if
the number of tracked satellites is more than the minimum value preset.
Minimum number of
satellites
Minimum number of satellites to make acceptable the GPS epoch.
E-bubble check
Activates the use of electronic bubble; the GPS epoch is accepted only if the
electronic bubble is inside the tolerance limits. The electronic bubble is
visualized in the survey and stakeout windows.
Maximum error (2m
pole)
Maximum error acceptable outside the bubble considering a 2 meters pole.
Localization zone
check
Measures average
Activates the GPS localization zone check; if a coordinates system defined by
a localization on more than 2 points is set, the software verifies if the
receiver position is inside the localization zone; if current position is external
to localization zone an icon on coordinates panel is visualized in survey and
stakeout windows. The localization zone is drawn in the graphic window.
Activates calculation of the average of coordinates of a point when it’s
measured more times.
GPS Survey mode
Setup
GPS Survey mode
GPS survey
Field
Description
Measure mode
Automatic: measure ends automatically after the preset number of seconds
Time on point (sec)
Seconds of acquisition of the position of the point; for every second it’s
saved a number of epochs equal to frequency set in the GPS profile. In case
of 1Hz frequency it’s saved one position (epoch) per second; for a frequency
of 5Hz they are saved 5 positions per second.
Automatic survey
Field
Description
Measure mode
Mode to use for the automatic points survey:
 Time: position is acquired in preset intervals of time
36 - GPS Survey mode



Distance 2D: position is acquired in preset intervals of horizontal
distance
Distance 3D: position is acquired in preset intervals of threedimensional distance
Stop & Go: position is acquired according to Stop & Go mode; when the
antenna remains in still position the software begins to acquire the
position.
Measure every (sec)
In case of Time mode, defines the interval of time among the automatic
acquisition of positions.
Distance 2D
In case of 2D Distance mode, defines the interval of horizontal distance that
must intervene between position to acquire and position previously
acquired.
Distance 3D
In case of 3D Distance mode, defines the interval of three-dimensional
distance that must intervene between position to acquire and position
previously acquired.
Stop time (sec)
In case of Stop & Go mode, defines the time to stay on the point to allow the
acquisition of position.
Max. movement
antenna
In case of Stop & Go mode, represent the maximum movement allowed to
consider “still” the antenna; when the software identifies that the antenna
remains in position almost still, with a movement lower than the maximum
value, the acquisition of the position begins for the defined stop time.
Post-Processing survey
Field
Description
Measure mode
Automatic: measure ends automatically after the set number of seconds.
Survey codes
Field
Description
Numeric codes
Activates a preferential use of numeric codes concerning survey codes. The
virtual keyboard appearing is the numeric one.
Measure after Quick
Code
Activating this option it’s automatically started the measure immediately
after the selection of the Quick Code.
TPS survey
Setup
TPS survey
Accuracy check
Field
Description
Horizontal angle (sec)
Maximum acceptable error on horizontal angle in multiple measures and in
measures on Face 1 and Face 2.
Vertical angle (sec)
Maximum acceptable error on vertical angle in multiple measures and in
measures on Face 1 and Face 2.
Settings - 37
Distance
Maximum acceptable error on distance in multiple measures and in
measures on Face 1 and Face 2.
E-bubble check
Activates the use of electronic bubble; The electronic bubble is visualized in
the survey and stakeout windows.
Maximum error (2m
pole)
Maximum error acceptable outside the bubble considering a 2 meters pole.
Measures average
Activates calculation of the average of coordinates of a point when it’s
measures more times.
Survey codes
Field
Description
Numeric codes
Activates a preferential use of numeric codes concerning survey codes. The
virtual keyboard appearing is the numeric one.
Measure after Quick
Code
Activating this option it’s automatically started the measure immediately
after the selection of the Quick Code.
Angles
Field
Description
Vertical angle
Searching after losing


Save after measure: the vertical angle of the measure is saved
Save current value: the current value of the vertical angle is saved. This
option allows changing the vertical angle before saving the measure
both when surveying both when making stakeout.
Activates the automatic searching of the prism after the total station lose it.
The prism is searched before in the area where it was lost and then is started
the 360° research toward the previous movement direction.
Stakeout
Setup
38 - Stakeout
Stakeout
Field
Description
Distance tolerance
Maximum horizontal distance between current position and position to
reach to consider being on stakeout position; if the distance between
current position and position to reach is lower or equal to tolerance, the
software reports the reaching of stakeout position.
Elevation tolerance
Maximum acceptable difference between current elevation and stakeout
elevation; if the elevation difference is lower or equal to tolerance the
software reports the reaching of the position in elevation.
Vocal info
Activates the vocal information during the stakeout operations.
Confirm before saving
Allows checking the stakeout position before proceeding to saving new point
on position to stakeout. Disabling this option the stakeout point is saved
without any further request.
GPS reference
Defines reference referring to which the information to reach the stakeout
position with the GPS are provided. References can be:
North: information are provided referring to the North; turn the
controller toward the North and follow indications.
Sun: information are provided referring to the Sun; turn the controller
toward the Sun and follow indications.
Point: information are provided referring to a reference point previously
defined; turn the controller toward the point and follow indications.
Arrow limit
Distance determining the automatic change of visualization of the stakeout
information; if the distance of the receiver from the point to stakeout is
more than the preset value it appears the arrow indicating direction; if the
distance of the receiver from the point to stakeout is lower than the preset
value it appears the stakeout sketch with the reference to North, to Sun or
to Point.
TPS reference
Defines reference referring to which the information to reach the stakeout
position with the total station are provided. References can be:
Target: information are provided considering the operator on the target
looking toward the total station.
Total station: : information are provided considering the operator on
the TPS.
North: : information are provided referring to North.
Turn toward point
When this option is activated the motorized total station turns automatically
toward the stakeout point just when it’s selected.
Miscellaneous
Setup
Miscellaneous
Setup various
Field
Description
Immediate keyboard
Activating this option the virtual keyboard appears when you click activating
the input field; when the option id disabled, to see the keyboard it’s
necessary to make active the input field and then to click again on the same
field.
Meteo Info
Activating this option the software will query periodically the server to have
updated info about the weather.
Language
Language used by the software; for a correct operation it’s necessary to
restart the software after modifying the language.
Localization
Allows installing the localization packages available for the different
countries.
Automatic exporting
Field
Description
Format
Allows setting the data format to export automatically when closing the job.
Activating this option the software is able to generate automatically the
requested format at every closing of the job avoiding this operation has to
be made by the operator.
Settings - 39
Saving and loading settings
All setup can be saved as default setup in order to be the reference setup for every new job. Otherwise
it’s possible to save setup with a name and then load it when necessary on every other job.
Save settings as default
Settings
Current setup are saved as default setup; every new job will use automatically these setup.
Save setup as
Settings
Save settings with name
Insert a name to be used to save current setup.
Load settings
Settings
Load settings
Select file corresponding to setup to load in current file.
40 - Saving and loading settings
Points, measures, survey codes and GIS features managing
This set of commands allows to access to numeric visualization of the data present in the job; it’s
possible to access to the table of the topographic points, of the reference points of the site measures
and to survey codes managing.
Topographic points
JOB
Points/Measures/Code
Points page
Topographic points are all that position characterized by a name and having specific additional features;
they can come from direct measuring or from manual inserting or from importing from external files.
Table reports the list of all topographic points present in the job; points are listed according to inserting
order, so at first place you find the last point inserted. An icon representing the origin of the point, the
name, the code and the coordinates is visualized.
Selecting a point it appears a menu allowing to execute specific operations on it.
Creating a new point
The data of the point are organized in pages.
Coordinates page
Point
Name of the point
Allows to visualize below the plane coordinates or the geographic
coordinates of the point
NEZ
Plane coordinates of the point
Lat. / Long. / Elevation
Geographic coordinates of the point
Properties page
Code
Survey code of the point; the button allows to access to the codes library
and to select a code from the list
Description
Extended description of the point
Date
Date and time of the point saving
GIS data
If the GIS module is activated and one or more codes with GIS information
has been associated to the point it’s possible to use the button Edit to
insert and modify the corresponding GIS properties.
Sketch page
Deletes sketch and photo
Points, measures, survey codes and GIS features managing - 41
Restores original content
Starts the application allowing to shoot a photo and save it.
If a point was measured more times and it’s activated the option Average coordinates in the survey
setup, it appears also the AVERAGE page. The page reports the different measures used for the
coordinates calculation of the point; for every measure are visualized the differences referring to the
average value calculated. It’s possible to decide which measures to use for the calculation and also to
edit directly a measure.
Editing a point
Select point on table and select the Edit item from the appearing menu. The content of the window is
the same still seen for creation of a new point.
Visualizing point on CAD
Select point on table and select the Display on CAD item from the appearing menu; the point is
visualized in the center of the graphic window.
Stakeout of a point
Select point on table and select the Stakeout item to start the procedure allowing to stakeout the
selected point. For further information see chapter Stakeout of points.
Deleting a point
Select point on table and select the Delete item to delete the selected point.
Deleting a group of points
Delete
Step
1
2
3
Topographic points
Description
Select points to delete
Hit
to select or deselect all points of the list.
to proceed with deleting of points.
Deleting coincident points
Delete
Coincident points
Command allows to delete points finding on the same position of another point.
42 - Topographic points
Sharing data of a point
Select point on table and select Share item. Chose sharing method and complete procedure; for the
selected point will be sent the information related to coordinates (geographic and plane), code,
description and eventually the photo/sketch associated.
Searching a point
Find point
Indicate the name of the point to search; if the point is found it’s putted in first plane on the table.
Visualizing Latitude, Longitude and Elevation
View
LLH
For every point are visualized the geodetic coordinates, if available.
Visualizing East/X, North/Y and Elevation/Z
View
ENZ/XYZ
For every point are visualized the plane coordinates.
Visualizing Distance and direction
View
Distance &
Direction
For every point is visualized the distance referring to current position and the direction of the point
referring to direction of the device. To visualize these information the software can use the GPS receiver
connected or the GPS inside the device.
Diagram Distances/Elevation
Diagram Distances/Elevation
Points are displayed on a diagram that has the distances on the horizontal axis and the
elevations on the ordinate axis.
Points, measures, survey codes and GIS features managing - 43
Transferring points on reference points table
Save/Load
Transfer points to reference
points
Command allows to copy or move selected points in the reference points table.
Step
1
2
Description
Select points to copy/move
Hit
to select o deselect all points of the list.
3
4
Specify if copy or move selected points.
Loading points from a job
Save/Load
Load points from job
Command allows to import points from another job.
Step
Description
1
Select job from which to load points
2
Select points to load; in the page MAP it’s possible to visualize points on Google map.
3
Hit
4
to select or deselect all points of the list.
to proceed with importing procedure
Saving points on another job
Save/load
Save points on job
Command allows to export selected points on another job.
Step
1
2
Description
Select points to save
Hit
to select or deselect all points of the list.
3
4
44 - Topographic points
Select job on which to export selected points
Fieldbook of measures
The fieldbook of measures reports the chronologic list of all measures performed on site. The measures
are listed according to acquisition order, so at first place you find the last measure performed. For every
measure an icon specifying the type of measure, the name of the measured point, the date and time of
acquisition, the code, description and other information is visualized.
JOB
Points/Measures/Codes
Measures page
Editing a measure
Select measure on the table and select item Edit from the appearing menu. In the different pages are
reported all data of the measure but only some of them are editable:
Field
Description
Point
Name of the point
Antenna height
Target height
Antenna height (GPS) or target height (TPS)
Code
Code of the point
Description
Extended description of the point
Sketch/Photo
Sketch associated to point
Changing of the antenna or target height determinates a new calculation of the elevation of the
corresponding topographic point.
Deleting a measure
Select measure on the table and select item Delete to delete the selected measure.
Deleting a group of measures
JOB
Step
1
2
3
Points/measures/codes
Measure page
Delete measures
Description
Select measures to delete
Hit
to select or deselect all points of the list.
to proceed to deleting measure
Searching a measure
Find measure
Points, measures, survey codes and GIS features managing - 45
Indicate the name of the point to search; if the corresponding measure is found it’s putted as first on the
table and selected.
Visualizing notes
Table reports the list of measure but, among measures, it’s also possible to visualize notes; there are
two types of notes:
Automatic notes
Notes inserted automatically by the software in response to certain
events as:
 connection of the instrument
 interruption of the connection of the instrument
 start of the base
 start of recording of raw data
 interruption of recording of raw data
User notes
texts, sketches and photo saved by the user
It’s possible to visualize or hide notes.
View/Hide notes
Adding a note
First page allows to insert a descriptive text instead the second page allows to add a sketch or a photo.
Reference points
The Reference points table manages all topographic points with known coordinates and that can be
therefore used in different situations as reference points and check points.
JOB
Points/measures/codes
Reference
Functioning of the table is similar to the Points table.
Survey codes
Survey codes allow to identify with precision every point and to automate many operations to complete
the survey drawing. To the code it’s possible to associate not only an extended description, but also a
symbol and a layer; this way the points, basing on their associated code, are represented with a certain
symbol and on a certain layer.
It’s possible to define different libraries of codes and use them in different jobs; in every moment it’s
possible substituting the current library with a different one.
To every code it’s possible to associate a GIS feature; the GIS feature is composed by a group of
properties freely definable by the user; when a code or a GIS feature is associated to a point it’s possible
to integrate the point with the information corresponding to properties defined by the feature.
46 - Reference points
JOB
Points/measures/codes
Codes
The table Survey codes reports the list of survey codes of the current library. For every code besides its
value it’s reported the symbol and the extended description.
Note. Codes libraries are saved in distinct files inside folder X-PAD\_Data\Codes inside the software;
files have XML extension.
Creating a new code
Data of the code are organized in pages.
Main data page
Code
Short code
Description
Extended description
Layer
Layer associated to point
Drawing type
The code can identify the mode with which to represent graphically the
object you are measuring. The types are:
 Single point: the object measured is represented by a single position;
for example a tree, an illumination pole.
 Line: the object measured is represented by a polyline; for example a
side of the road, a wall.
 Diagonal square: the object measured is of squared shape and it’s
inserted measuring the points on the opposite end.
 Square center: the object measured is of squared shape and it’s
inserted measuring the center and the middle point on a side
 Rectangle base: the object measured is of rectangular shape and it’s
inserted measuring the points on the opposite end of the base and a
point on the opposite side
 Rectangle center: the object measured is of rectangular shape and it’s
inserted measuring the center, the middle point on a side and a third
point on the other side
GIS
GIS feature
It’s possible to associate to the code one of the GIS features present in the
current job. It’s possible to insert further information to points to which is
associated a survey code to which, it self, is associated a GIS feature. These
information are defined by the properties of the associated GIS feature.
Symbol Page
Select symbol with which to draw the point to which the code has been associated.
Points, measures, survey codes and GIS features managing - 47
Editing a code
Select code on table and select the Edit item from the appearing menu. The content of the window is
the same still seen for creation of a new code.
Deleting a code
Select code on table and select the Delete item to delete the selected code.
Deleting a group of codes
Delete codes
Step
1
2
3
Description
Select codes to delete
Hit
to select or deselect all points of the list.
to proceed deleting codes
Creating a new library
New Library
Assign a name to the library to create. The table present itself empty and ready to insert new codes.
Loading an existing library
Load XPAD library
Select file corresponding to library to load.
Importing a list of codes from ASCII file
Load library from text
file (ASCII)
Step
1
Select text file to load
2
Choose the desired importing scheme or choose * Custom * to proceed to creation of your
own scheme.
3
Set the separation character (in case of Custom scheme)
4
Set the number of lines composing the header of the file and that have hence not to be
imported.
5
48 - Survey codes
Description
6
In case of Custom scheme it’s possible to decide which fields are present in the file and in
which order.
7
8
A preview of importing result it’s visualized
9
10
Assign a name to importing scheme so that you can use it in next importations.
11
to start importation
Note. Schemes of importation/exportation are saved on file with PSC extension in the XPAD\_Data\Schemes folder of the software.
Exporting current library
Save a library copy
Assign a name with which to save current library.
Managing GIS data
GIS manager
Access to table of GIS features that can be associated to survey codes.
GIS features
JOB
Points/measures/codes
Codes page
GIS manager
GIS
A GIS feature is composed by a group of properties the values of which allow to describe in complete
manner an element of the territory measured. The GIS features are used hence to allow measuring , not
only the positions of the elements of the territory, but also further descriptive data with the scope to
create a GIS system.
Example of GIS features:
GIS feature
Attribute name
Attribute type
Constraints
Well
Type
List of values
Depth
Floating-point value
Obligatory
Number of
connections
Integer value
Minimum 1 maximum 4
Points, measures, survey codes and GIS features managing - 49
Tree
Maintenance
True/False
Type
List of values
Height
Floating-point value
Obligatory
Diameter
Floating-point value
Obligatory
To cut
True/False
The user can build his own library of GIS feature and to define, for every feature, the corresponding
attributes; every GIS feature can be associated to a survey code; during survey, when you save the
point, the software checks the survey code associated to the point: if a GIS feature is associated to the
survey code, it will appear so a window allowing to fill the corresponding attributes.
All these information associated to points can be exported in different ways.
Creating a new GIS feature
GIS feature
Name
Name of the GIS feature
Attributes
List of attributes defined by the feature
Allows to create a new attribute
Moves the attribute in previous position
Moves the attribute in next position
To edit a GIS attribute select it from the table and chose the Edit item from the appearing menu. The
content of the window is the same still seen for creation of a new attribute.
To delete a GIS attribute select it from the table and chose Delete item from the appearing menu.
Adding a GIS attribute
GIS attribute
Name
Name of the attribute
Type
Type of value of the attribute:
Text: alpha-numeric text
Integer number
Real number
Yes/No
Title: it’s not an attribute but the title of the group of the following attributes
50 - GIS features
Prompt
Text of request of the attribute
Default value
Value to purpose as default
List
List of values
Fixed list
When the option is active the value of the attribute can be chosen only from the
list of values and can’t be inserted by the user
Mode
Mode of request of value:
Active: normal request
Read only: the attribute is not editable
Hidden: the attribute is hidden and is not visualized
Obligatory
Activating this option it’s necessary to assign a value to the attribute and it can’t
be left without a value
Saving GIS features
Save GIS features
Exports the GIS features of the current job on an external library in order to use it in other jobs.
Loading GIS features
Load GIS features
Allows to load in the current job a library of GIS features previously exported from another job.
Points, measures, survey codes and GIS features managing - 51
Coordinate system
The coordinate system allows to define different parameters and methods of calculation including the
ones to use for the transformation of the geographic coordinates obtained from GPS instrument.
Pay attention. Modification of the coordinate systems parameters determinates an automatic recalculation of the coordinates of the GPS points present in the job; this way it’s possible in every
moment to change the system obtaining the coordinates of the point in the new system.
Cartographic system
JOB
Coordinate system
Cartographic system
Setting the cartographic system it’s necessary if coordinates of the points are referred to a system
defined by a reference projection, datum and ellipsoid and by some transformation parameters. The
cartographic system can be used both for calculation of the geographic coordinates of GPS instrument
both for calculation of the scale factor to apply to distances measured with total station.
In definition of the cartographic system it’s possible to choose one among predefined systems or to
define in complete way your own system with all the parameters.
Field
Description
Name
Name to assign to the system
Projection
Cartographic projection to use
Datum
Datum to use to pass from WGS84 ellipsoid and the cartographic system
ellipsoid. Click on field to access to window reporting the list of preset datum
and of datum created by the user.
Ellipsoid
Ellipsoid of the cartographic system. Click on field to access to window
reporting the list of preset datum and of datum created by the user.
Field
Description
Origin Latitude
Origin Longitude
False East
False North
Scale
Parameters of the coordinate system
In order the cartographic system is used for the transformation of the GPS coordinates it’s necessary to
specify that you want to use it in the command GPS localization.
Loading a predefined system
The software has a wide list of coordinate systems used in different countries and immediately usable.
Load predefined system
52 - Cartographic system
It’s proposed the list of the systems available among which to choose the desired one. The systems are
organized by country but it’s also available a ** USER ** in which are saved systems created by the user.
Saving a system as predefined
Current system can be saved in the ** USER ** group of the predefined systems to be used also in other
jobs.
Save as predefined
Deleting current cartographic system
Command allows to cancel the setting of the current cartographic system.
Cancel current
cartographic system
GPS localization
GPS
With this command you define the method to use for transformation of the GPS coordinates in plane
coordinates and vice-versa; the method distinguishes the calculation to use for transformation of the
coordinates from the method to use for calculation of the elevations.
In the absence of a GPS localization only the geographic coordinates of the points are recorded but it’s
not possible their visualization in the graphic window.
JOB
Coordinate system
GPS localization
Systems
Description
No system
No coordinate system is applied
Local - Single point
It’s created a system based on a local projection referred to an origin
point.
Local – Site calibration
It’s created a local system based on couples of points for which they are
known both the geographic coordinate both the corresponding local
plane coordinate.
Cartographic system
The passing from geographic coordinates and plane coordinates comes
through the use of the cartographic system explained in previous
paragraph.
Local system – single point
Step
1
Description
Choose the option Local – single point
2
Coordinate system - 53
3
Specify the geographic coordinates of the reference point of the system; if a point is still
present with desired coordinates it’s possible to recall it typing its name, selecting it from
the graphic or from the tables. It’s possible to acquire the current position hitting the button
Measure; it’s opened a window where it’s possible to specify the height of the antenna and
to acquire position.
4
5
Specify the local coordinates corresponding to the reference point; if it’s still present a point
with desired coordinates it’s possible to recall it typing its name, selecting it from the graphic
or from the tables.
6
7
Procedure follows with request of the mode of calculation to use for elevations.
Local system – Site calibration
Step
1
Description
Choose the option Local – Site calibration
2
3
4
5
The table reports the couples of points to use for calculation of the local system. For every
couple it’s possible to decide if to use data for calculation of the plane transformation and
for the elevation transformation; basing on the available information the software will
choose automatically the method to use for plane coordinate calculation. For every couple
are also reported the deviations calculated regarding the coordinates and elevations.
to add a new couple of points
Specify the geographic coordinates of the reference point of the system; if it’s still present a
point with desired coordinates it’s possible to recall it typing its name, selecting it from the
graphic or from the tables. It’s possible to acquire the current position hitting the button
Measure; it’s opened a window where it’s possible to specify the height of the antenna and
to acquire position.
6
7
Specify the local coordinates corresponding to the reference point; if it’s still present a point
with desired coordinates it’s possible to recall it typing its name, selecting it from the graphic
or from the tables.
8
Continue adding further points
9
Verify deviations calculated for every point and the scale factor visualized in the lower part
of the window.
54 - GPS localization
10
11
Procedure follows with request of the mode of calculation to use for elevations.
In the lower part of the window is visualized the method of calculation chosen by the software basing on
the number of localization points present. Clicking on the panel it’s possible to set the scale application
mode.
Calculation
Description
Rigid body (unscaled)
No scale factor is applied; the original distances between measured
points are maintained.
Conformal (scaled)
A scale factor it’s calculated and applied to allow an adaptation of the
measured points to reference points.
Cartographic system
Before setting use of the cartographic system it’s necessary to proceed with related setting. See
previous paragraph Cartographic system.
Step
1
Description
Choose option Cartographic system
2
3
They are re-proposed the parameters of current cartographic system.
4
5
Procedure follows with request of the mode of calculation to use for elevations.
Calculation of elevations
After defining the mode of calculation of the coordinates the procedure allows to set the mode to use
for elevations calculation.
Systems
Description
WGS84 ellipsoid height
The height on WGS84 ellipsoid is maintained
Reference ellipsoid height
It’s assigned the height referred to the reference ellipsoid of the
cartographic system (only if a cartographic system has been set)
Local system elevation
It’s calculated the elevation basing on local system data (only if a
local system has been set)
Coordinate system - 55
In the list are visualized the geoid models available that have been
installed with localization packages. The elevation is calculated
through interpolation on the selected geoid model.
Geoid
Exporting current coordinate system as default system
Parameters and settings of a coordinate system can be exported as default system; all new jobs that will
be created they use directly the default coordinate system.
Save as default
Exporting current coordinate system
Parameters and settings of a coordinate system can be saved in an external file to be used in other jobs
relate to the same zone.
Save current system
Indicate the name to assign to the file and to the folder where to save.
Note. Files containing the definition of a coordinate system have PCS extension.
Loading a coordinate system
A coordinate system previously saved from another JOB can be loaded and used in the current job.
Load system
Select file of the coordinate system to load.
Report of current coordinate system
The settings of current coordinate system can be exported in a report Excel (CSV) format.
Report
TPS coefficients
TPS
TPS coefficients allow to define parameters for the reduction of the distances measured with the total
station to the sea level and at the cartographic plane.
JOB
56 - TPS coefficients
Coordinate system
TPS coefficients
Field
Description
To sea level
Application of the reduction of the distances at the sea level basing on the
set average elevation
Average elevation
Average elevation for calculation of the reduction of the distances
To cartographic plane
Application of the reduction of the distances at the cartographic plane
Scale factor
Scale factor for reduction at the cartographic plane; the scale factor can be
inserted manually or calculated basing on a coordinate; it’s necessary having
set a cartographic system.
Coordinate system - 57
CAD
The CAD of XPAD it’s a fundamental element of the entire solution allowing to use the software not
only for survey and stakeout but also as a true tool helping in every situation.
access to graphic CAD
The window present a tool bar in the lower part of the window from which you access to all the CAD
functions.
Closing CAD
Clicking on the graphic visualization space they appear the buttons for visualization and the button for
closing the CAD window.
Closes the CAD graphic window
Visualization commands
Clicking on the graphic visualization space they appear the buttons for visualization of the drawing.
Visualization commands
58 - Closing CAD
Zoom All
Visualization of all the drawing elements
Zoom Window
Allows to specify the visualization window through indication of
the opposite angles
Zoom In
Bring near the point of view enlarging the visualization
Zoom Out
Bring far the point of view reducing the visualization
Tools
Add-on tools as 3D visualization, Google map, augmented reality
Pan
The shifting of the view is always active; click on graphic area and
drag the view.
After few seconds of non-use buttons disappear automatically.
GPS navigation mode
Locate me
Stop locate me
Visualizes current position on drawing; it’s necessary having set a coordinate system. For visualization of
the current position the software can use the connected receiver or the device internal GPS. Current
position is kept inside the graphic view.
3D View
3D view
Activates 3D visualization of the drawing.
Commands of visualization
Change view
Click on graphic area and drag to change the point of view.
Views
Allows to select one of the predefined views
Mode
Allows to change the mode of visualization of 3D faces; it’s
possible to visualize the 3D faces as lines or as filling
Google Map
Google Map
Activates the visualization of the drawing on Google Map. To allow the visualization of the drawing on
Google map it’s necessary that a coordinate system compatible with the coordinates of drawing
elements has been defined.
CAD - 59
Augmented reality
Camera (AR)
It’s activated the photo camera of the device and, basing on GPS position and on parameters of
inclination and direction of device, it’s visualized the drawing in overlap to pictures coming from
camera.
CAD setup
Functioning of CAD is ruled by a parameters and options fully customizable by the operator and editable
in every moment.
Settings
Survey
The page allows to set survey data to visualize in graphic window.
Points
The page allows to set information of topographic points to visualize in graphic window.
CAD
CAD – Filters
Main drawing
Activates the visualization of the drawing elements in the graphic window.
External references
Not used.
Use linetypes
Activates the visualization of the linetypes in visualization of the drawing.
Line double thickness
Activates the visualization of the drawing with double thickness of lines.
Mono color drawing
Activates the visualization of drawing with a single color.
Mono color drawing
Color to use in visualization of the drawing with option Mono color drawing
activated.
60 - Augmented reality
High Quality Drawing
Activates the visualization of drawing in High Quality mode; the mode High
Quality improves significantly the quality with which lines and graphic
elements are represented ensuring a better visibility and legibility.
Importing DXF files
DXF In
For information on importation of DXF files refer to chapter Importing data.
Exporting DXF files
DXF Out
For information on importation of DXF files refer to chapter Exporting data.
Layer management
Layers
The window allows to manage the layers of the drawing.
Setting current layer
The current layer is marked by
corresponding symbol
symbol. To set current layer it’s sufficient to select the
.
Creating a new layer
Assign the name to layer to create and hit OK.
Making visible/invisible a layer
Visible layers are marked by symbol
instead layers non visible are marked by symbol
change the visibility status of a layer click at symbol.
. To
Keeping visible/invisible all layers
All on
CAD - 61
All off
Changing color/linetype to a layer
To change color to a layer it’s sufficient to click at the panel of the color to access to the window with
settings of colors;
To change linetype to a layer click at name of the linetype to access to the window with settings of
linetypes.
Deleting layers
Delete unused layers
It’s possible to delete automatically all layers not used by any drawing element.
Raster images managing
Rasters
The window allows to manage raster images of the JOB.
Importing a raster image
Select folder and file of the image to load.
Position and scale
Top-left corner
Coordinates of the top-left corner in which to position the image
Scale map 1:
Scale factor to assign to map for correct representation
Map width
Width of the image in true coordinates
Map height
Height of the map in true coordinates
If file of the image comes with the Word file, the positioning parameters allowing to visualize the image
in the correct position and dimension are just visualized.
Making visible/invisible a raster image
Visible images are marked with
symbol, instead invisible images are marked with
change the visibility status of an image click on symbol.
Deleting a raster image
Select the image from the list and then select Delete item.
62 - Raster images managing
symbol. To
Connecting a raster image
If the file of the job is moved in a different folder, it can happen that it’s lost the reference to the image
connected to the job. To restore the connection, select image from the list and then choose Connect
item: specify new route where is the image.
Object snap
When is active a drawing or editing command it’s possible to select the object snap; the object snap
allow to identify precise positions on drawing objects.
Snap
Type
Point identified
Extreme
End point of objects as lines and arcs.
Medium
Medium point of objects as lines and arcs.
Perpendicular
Intersection
Point on normal of a line, arch, circle object referring to reference point.
Intersection point between objects as lines and arcs.
Node
Point of insertion of an object topographic point.
Center
Center of an arc or circle.
Tangent
Point of tangency of an arc or circle referring to reference point.
Note. If no object snap has been set it’s possible to draw freely indicating every position.
Operation of object snap
At request of a point by a command of the CAD click on interested drawing object and near the point to
identify; it will be visualized a symbol in the identified position. The symbol represent the type of snap
used to identify the position.
Snap to topographic points
The identification of the coordinate of a topographic point can be obtained using the snap NODE or
typing, at request of the position of the point, the name of the same topographic point.
Drawing functions
Drawing commands allow to add new objects to drawing.
Draw
Object
Description
Topographic point
Indicate the name of the point and then the position of insertion
CAD - 63
Lines and polylines
Indicate points composing the object line or polyline
Arc
Indicate the three points composing the arc
Circle
Indicate the center of the circle and specify the value of the radius or
indicate the point of passage
Circle by 3 points
Indicate the three points composing the circle
Parcel
Specify vertexes of the parcel. To close a parcel indicate again first vertex.
The corners of the parcel must be topographic points.
For a precision drawing use the object snap or answer with the name of the point to which to link the
vertex of the line.
Editing and creation of new points functions
Editing commands allow to modify the drawing and to create new objects starting from existing ones.
Edit
Deleting objects
Command Delete allows to delete selected objects: select objects tracing a selection window.
Distance intersection
Command Int.2 Dist calculates the position of a new topographic point located at a certain distance
from two reference points.
Request
Description
First point
Indicate first reference point
First distance
Indicate the distance where it is the point to calculate referring to first
reference point; it’s possible to indicate a point that will be used to
calculate the value of the distance referring to first point
Second point
Indicate second reference point
Second distance
Indicate the distance where it is the point to calculate referring to
second reference point; it’s possible to indicate a point that will be
used to calculate the value of the distance referring to second point
Select solution
They are proposed the two possible solutions; select the desired
solution
Intersection
Command Int.4 Points calculates the position of a new topographic point that is on the intersection of
two straight lines.
Request
Description
First point
Indicate first point of first straight line
64 - Editing and creation of new points functions
Second point
Indicate second point of first straight line
Third point
Indicate first point of second straight line
Fourth point
Indicate second point of second straight line
Insert point
Confirm to proceed to insertion point
Distance e offset
Command Dst. & Offset calculates position of a new topographic point referring to a reference object.
Request
Description
Select object
Select reference object referring to which to calculate the position of
the point
Distance
Distance along reference object
Offset
Distance from reference object
Select solution
They are proposed the two possible solutions; select the desired
solution
Divide
Command Divide creates some topographic points along a reference object dividing it in a specific
number of parts.
Request
Description
Select object
Select reference object on which to create the topographic points
Number of parts
Number of parts in which to divide the object
Name first point
Name of first topographic point to create
Measure
Command Measure creates some topographic points along a reference object at constant distance.
Request
Description
Select object
Select reference object on which to create the topographic points
Segment length
Distance of insertion among points; setting a value of 0, they will be
inserted points only in correspondence to vertexes of the polyline.
Name first point
Name of first topographic point to create
Offset
Command Offset allows to create a new object parallel to reference object at a defined distance.
Request
Description
Select object
Select reference object
Point or value
Indicate point of passage or offset distance
CAD - 65
Select solution
They are proposed the two possible solutions; select the desired
solution
Number of repetitions
Number of consecutive offset to execute
Lengthen
Command Lengthen allows to extend a line, a polyline or an arc of a defined length. Besides an object
it’s possible to indicate two points establishing direction toward which creating the new point.
Request
Description
Distance
Distance with which to lengthen an object
Select object or 1° point
Indicate object to lengthen or indicate the first point
Second point
If a point has been indicated, it’s requested to indicate the second point
Information commands
Information commands allow to obtain different information from drawing and from present objects.
Info
Coordinate of a point
Command Coordinate returns some information on indicated position.
Request
Description
Indicate point
Indicate position; they are visualized coordinates of indicated position.
Distance between two points
Command Distance returns some information on distance between two points.
Request
Description
First point
Indicate first point
Second point
Indicate second point
The distance between two points is visualized and other information as
azimuth, slope, etc.
Distance point-object
Command Dist.Object returns some information on distance between a point and an object.
Request
Description
Reference point
Indicate reference point
Select object
Indicate the object referring to which to calculate distance
66 - Information commands
It is visualized:
distance of point referring to object
the chainage at which it is the projection of the point
Button Save allows to create a point on projection of the point on the
object.
Angle
Command Angle returns the angle contained among three points.
Request
Description
Center angle
Indicate the center of the angle
First point
Indicate first point
Second point
Indicate second point
It’s visualized the angle included and the complementary angle
Area
Command Area returns the area of polygon identified by a sequence of points.
Request
Description
First point
Indicate first point of the sequence
Next point
Indicate next point of the sequence
…
It’s visualized the area, perimeter and center of gravity of the polygon
List
Command List returns general information on selected object.
Request
Description
Select object
Indicate object
Find topographic point
Command Find brings in the center of the graphic window a topographic point.
Request
Description
Name point
Name of topographic point to find
Toolbar contextual – Points
Selecting a topographic point, without any command active, it appears the following toolbar with
contextual commands for the selected point.
CAD - 67
Command
Stakeout
Executes procedure of stakeout on selected point. For further information see
chapter Stakeout of points.
Edit
Opens the window allowing to visualize and edit the data of the point
Distance
Allows to calculates the distance from selected point referring to another
point to indicate in graphic window
Distance Object
Allows to calculates the distance from selected point referring to a drawing
object to indicate in graphic window
Delete
Delete selected point
To restore the main bar it’s sufficient to remove the selection to point clicking in every other part of the
graphic window.
Contextual toolbar – CAD objects
Selecting a drawing object, without any command active, it appears the following toolbar with
contextual commands for the selected point.
Command
Stakeout
Executes procedure of stakeout on selected point
ID
Returns information on selected object
Delete
Delete selected point
Isolate
Turns off all layers except the layer of selected object. To restore previous
situation, select an object and use the command Restore.
To restore the main bar it’s sufficient to remove the selection to point clicking in every other part of the
graphic window.
68 - Contextual toolbar – CAD objects
Instruments settings
Instruments settings allow to set the connection between device and the instruments but also to define
parameters of operation of the same.
All parameters of connection and operation are organized in profiles: a profile contains the connection
modes to instrument and all the related operation parameters; for the same instrument it’s possible to
create different profiles with different operation parameters and recall the desired one. Among all
profiles present only one is the current profile and it’s the one that will be used during the use of the
software.
Settings
Icon
GPS & Total stations
Description
Current profile
Rover GPS without RTK connection
Rover GPS with GPRS RTK connection
Rover GPS with Radio RTK connection
Base GPS
Total station
Creation of a new GPS profile
GPS
Settings
GPS & Total stations
GNSS Receiver (GPS)
Instruments settings - 69
Parameters and options requested are different according to the model of receiver and to the modes of
operation. Parameters are organized in pages.
Profile page
Field
Description
Profile name
Name to assign to profile
Mode
GPS Rover: receiver operates as Rover
GPS Base: receiver operates as Base
Brand
Brand of receiver
Model
Model of receiver
Device page
Field
Description
Bluetooth Name of the instrument to connect. If the instrument does not appear in
Device
the list hit
and then
to start research.
RTK page
Field
Description
Type of device to use to send (base) and receive (rover) differential corrections.
Possible options are:
Device
None: no RTK connection. Receiver operates in autonomous
Internal radio: use of internal radio of receiver
Internal GPRS: use of internal GPRS modem of receiver
External radio: use of an external radio to receiver
External GPRS: use of the GPRS modem of the device (controller)
RTK – Radio page
Field
Description
Model
Model of the radio
Spacing
Spacing parameter - only for Zenith10/20
High Power
Radio with high power - only for Zenith10/20
Channel
Radio channel to use for transmission and receiving; base and rover must use the
same channel and the same frequency.
For Zenith10/20 it’s possible to select item Frequencies from the list and set the
frequencies to use for the different channels
Format
Format of corrections; base and rover must use the same data format.
Use Base ID
For Rover profile: sets the receiver to receive the corrections only from base
identified by specified Base ID
For Base profile: sets the name of the base
Base ID
Identification of the base
70 - Creation of a new GPS profile
RTK – GPRS page
Field
Description
Provider
Name of the phone provider providing GPRS service; select Providers item to
define a new provider or to modify parameters of an existing provider. See
next paragraph for managing Internet providers.
Server
Name of the permanent stations service (NTRIP) to connect to or name of
the profile of Direct call; select NTRIP servers item to define a new service or
to modify parameters of an existing service. See next paragraph for
managing NTRIP server or Direct call profiles.
Mountpoint
Name of mountpoint to use; it’s possible to type the name or to see the list.
Only if a server NTRIP has been set.
Format
Data format of corrections; it’s necessary to set the same data format sent
by permanent station (source).
Type of network
Type of network to use; only if a server NTRIP has been set and only for
Zenith25 receiver.
RTCM3.1 messages
Activating this option the software is able to process some of the messages
provided by RTCM3.1 protocol and particularly the ones referring to
transformation parameters of the coordinate system and to correction to
apply in coordinates calculation.
To use correctly this option it’s necessary that a correct cartographic system
to which corrections and transformation parameters have to be applied has
been set and used.
Parameters page
Field
Description
Satellites Cut-off angle
Minimum height, in degrees referring to horizon, to consider satellites
usable; allows to avoid using satellites too low on the horizon increasing so
precision.
Use GLONASS
Enables the use of satellites in the GLONASS constellation.
Use BEIDOU
Enables the use of satellites in the BeiDou (Compass) constellation.
Use SBAS
Enables the use of geostationary satellites SBAS. This option is available only
if it has been set None as device RTK (page RTK). The receiver is able to
receive correction directly from satellites SBAS and improve quality of the
position without any type of RTK connection (radio or GPRS).
Position update freq.
Frequency with which the value of the position it’s updates. Especially for
tracking operations we recommend a value of 5 times per second.
Antenna page
Field
Description
Model
Type of antenna of receiver
Height
Default receiver antenna height
Instruments settings - 71
Managing of profiles of internet provider
Provider is the manager providing the service of data traffic GPRS. Defining a provider requested data
are the following:
Field
Description
Name
Description (name) of provider
APN Server
Name of the access point for GRPS and UMTS nets. Example: web.omnitel.it
User ID
Set UserID to access the service (only if access is protected by UserID and
Password).
Password
Set Password to access the service (only if access is protected by UserID and
Password).
PIN
PIN to use the SIM card.
Managing of profiles of servers of permanent stations (NTRIP)
A server NTRIP is a permanent stations service to connect through internet receiving differential
corrections in real time. Setting a server you need to enter following parameters:
Server
Name
Description (name) of provider
Mode
NTRIP
IP address
IP address where the service answers
Port
Number of the port used
UserID
Identification of the registered user to service
Password
Password assigned to registered user by the service
IP address, port, UserID and Password they are all data provided when you register yourself to the
service.
Managing profiles of direct call
A direct call profile allows to set the telephone number of the SIM card used by receiver Base to allow
rover receiving corrections from the base using the modem GPRS instead of radio:
Server
Name
Description (name) of profile
Mode
CSD (Direct call)
Base number
Telephone number of the SIM used by the base
Protocol
Transmission protocol; only for Zenith10/20
Speed
Transmission speed; only for Zenith10/20
Connection
Type of connection; only for Zenith10/20
72 - Creation of a new GPS profile
Both base both rover must use the same profile Direct call.
Creation of a profile using the GPS of the device
Setup
Step
GPS & Total stations
Receiver GNSS (GPS)
Description
1
Assign a name to profile
2
Mode: GPS Rover
3
Brand: NMEA
4
Model: GPS Hardware
5
6
Antenna height: set the default antenna height
7
Creation of a new Total station profile
TPS
Setup
GPS & Total stations
Total station (TPS)
Parameters and options requested are different according to model of total station and mode of
operation. Parameters are organized in pages.
Profile page
Field
Description
Profile name
Name to assign to profile
Mode
Total station
Brand
Brand of the station
Model
Model of the station
Device page
Field
Description
Bluetooth Name of the instrument to connect. If the instrument does not appear
Device
in the list hit
Angles update
frequency
and then
to start research.
Frequency with which the value of the angles is updated. For some it’s possible to
set maximum frequency (2 times per second) instead for other older models you
Instruments settings - 73
have to set None.
Editing a profile
Setup
GPS & Total stations
Select profile to edit and then select Edit.
Deleting a profile
Setup
GPS & Total stations
Select profile to delete and then select Delete.
Make current a profile
Setup
GPS & Total stations
Select profile to make current and then select Current.
Reconfigure instruments
Setup
GPS & Total stations
Select profile corresponding to instrument to reconfigure and then select Configure. Instrument will be
reprogrammed basing on settings defined in the profile.
Creation of a new profile Laser Disto
Setup
Laser Disto
It’s possible to create one or more profiles related to instruments as Laser Disto; the program can use
these profiles in measuring of points not accessible by the GPS receiver; the point to measure is
calculated by intersection of two distances from two known GPS positions. The measure of distance can
be performed with Disto and automatically transferred to software.
Profile page
Field
Description
Profile name
Name to assign to profile
Brand
Brand of the laser Disto
74 - Editing a profile
Model
Model of the laser Disto
Device page
Field
Description
Bluetooth Name of the instrument to connect. If the instrument does not appear
Device
in the list hit
and then
to start research.
Parameters page
Field
Description
Laser height
Height from ground of the laser Disto. The height from ground is used for
calculation of slopes between GPS position and point to measure.
Instruments settings - 75
GPS – GPS status
GPS
When is active a profile of instrument Rover GPS or Base GPS, it’s possible in every moment to access to
a window showing general status of GPS receiver and allowing to modify different parameters of
operation. The window visualizes all current parameters of receiver as position, quality of signal,
number and position of satellites, information on base and position on Google map.
It is possible to access to window GPS status in following manner:
Toolbar on main menu, when is active a
profile Rover GPS
Toolbar on main menu, when is active a
profile Base GPS
Click on panel in survey and stakeout
windows
Information are organized in pages.
Quality
The page reports all the information relative to quality with which the receiver is working.
GPS status - Quality
RTK Fixed: receiver is receiving corrections from a source and
it has fixed the ambiguity (maximum precision)
Quick Fix: receiver has fixed the ambiguity but it hasn’t still
reached the maximum precision level; only for receiver
Zenith25.
Position
RTK Mobile: receiver is receiving corrections from a source but
it has not yet fixed ambiguity
DGPS: receiver is receiving differential corrections in DGPS
mode.
Autonomous: receiver is acquiring position in autonomous
way without receiving corrections from any source (minimum
precision)
76 - Quality
2D precision
Precision of current position regarding coordinates
Elevation precision
Precision of current position regarding elevation
Satellites
Number of satellites of the different constellations
HDOP
Horizontal DOP
VDOP
Vertical DOP
PDOP
General DOP related to satellites position
Age corrections
Delay in receiving corrections (seconds); a high value indicates missing of
corrections received
GSM signal
Level of GSM signal
NTRIP Server
Name of the used NTRIP server
Mountpoint
Name of the mountpoint to which you have been accessed
Position
GPS status – Position
Geographic Coordinates
Current Latitude, Longitude and height
Antenna height
Height of the antenna
Plane Coordinates
Corresponding plane coordinates; values are available only if a
coordinates system has been set
Skyplot
SkyPlot reporting position and elevation of tracked satellites. Clicking on a satellite it appears a window
showing all its information.
Satellites
The table reports the list of all tracked satellites with all related information.
GPS status – SV
Indicates satellites contributing to position calculation and ignored
satellites
Number of the satellite and constellation
Position
Indicates position of satellite with cardinal points
Elevation
Indicates the elevation of the satellite in the sky
Signal/Noise
Signal/noise ratio
Base
The table reports information related to the reference base.
Status GPS – Base
Base
Name of the base
GPS – GPS status - 77
Place
Place where is the base (only for connection to Leica ITALPOS network)
Latitude/Longitude/
Height (PhC)
Coordinates of the base
Distance
Distance between base and current position
Map
The page visualizes current position on Google Map.
Utility commands
From window GPS Status it’s possible to edit parameters of operation of the receiver.
Reset RTK correction
Reset RTK
Performs a reset of RTK corrections received previously forcing the receiver to re-initialize the
calculation of position.
Activate/Deactivate use of constellations
Satellites >
Allows to activate and deactivate the use by the receiver of constellations GLONASS, BEIDOU, SBAS.
Change cut-off angle
Satellites cut-off
angle
Allows to modify the minimum height to which satellites must be to be used in calculation of the
position.
Connect/Disconnect GPRS
Connect GPRS
Disconnect GPRS
Allows to stop or restart GPRS connection.
Change mountpoint
Change mountpoint
Command allows to modify mountpoint from which to receive corrections RTK through GPRS.
78 - Map
Pay attention. In choosing mountpoint compatibility with RTCM format set during receiver
configuration must be maintained. If in receiver configuration it has been set RTCM2 as data format of
corrections it’s not correct to choose a mountpoint transmitting correction in another format.
Reconfigure receiver
Reconfigure receiver
Command starts procedure of complete reconfiguration of the receiver according to current GPS profile.
Editing GPS profile
Receiver settings
Command opens the window allowing to review and edit settings of current GPS profile.
GPS status panel
In all windows where you can perform GPS survey and stakeout operations it’s present a panel similar to
following:
Horizontal mode
Vertical mode
Clicking on panel you access to window GPS status.
GPS status panel
Current precision for coordinates (H) and for elevation (V).
The traffic light,
or
, indicates if the precision level set in the survey
parameters, has been reached; the epochs are acquired only when the level of
precision has been reached
RTK Fixed: receiver is receiving corrections from a
source and it has fixed the ambiguity (maximum
precision)
GPS – GPS status - 79
Quick Fix: receiver has fixed the ambiguity but it hasn’t
still reached the maximum precision level; only for
receiver Zenith25.
RTK Mobile: receiver is receiving corrections from a
source but it has not yet fixed ambiguity
DGPS: receiver is receiving differential corrections in
DGPS mode.
The antenna,
or
, indicates if the receiver is receiving corrections.
Number of satellites, for constellations GPS, GLONASS, BEIDOU, SBAS, actually
tracked.
80 - GPS status panel
GPS - Starting a base
GPS
Starting a GPS base is a main operation and it’s the first thing to do when you work with a couple of
receivers; first receiver (base) will remain in a fixed position on the ground and send corrections via
radio to the second one (rover) which is free to move on the ground, according to radio range, and
acquire or stakeout positions.
Note. Receivers can function in Base-Rover mode both through the use of the radio both through the
use of modem GPRS. In this last case it’s necessary having two SIM cards (one for the base and one for
the rover) and setting a server in CSD mode (direct call) in the GPS profile of the base and of the Rover;
in CSD profile must be defined the number of the SIM present on the base.
1
Note. Commands allowing to start a base are available only when it has been set a GPS instrument
profile in BASE mode.
If current profile is related to a GPS receiver defined as a BASE the software presents only two menu:
Job menu allowing to manage current job data and Start base menu to make operative the BASE
receiver in the desired modes
Starting a base on a known position
Use this mode when the base is positioned on a known position of which you know geographic
coordinates; if you know only the plane coordinates it’s necessary to define the coordinate system that
allows to calculate the geographic coordinates starting from plane coordinates.
START BASE
Known position
Field
Description
Base ID
Assign the name to base; the name of the base is visualized on the rover and the
rover can be set so that it can accept only corrections coming from the base with
a certain ID.
Code
Code to assign to point that will be created in correspondence of position of the
base.
Antenna height
Measures the antenna height from ARP (Antenna Reference Point) to the ground
Record data for
post-processing
Activate the option to start simultaneous recording of raw data by the base; raw
data recorded can be useful for a next post-processing elaboration.
Log frequency
Frequency with which recording raw data
File for PP
Name of file where to save raw data
Field
Description
Reference point
To assign coordinates to base it’s possible:
to select a point of the archive (from graphic or table); coordinates of the
point are visualized in corresponding fields
GPS - Starting a base - 81
to insert manually the geographic coordinates of position of the base
to insert manually the plane coordinates of position
In every case, if the geographic coordinates are not available but you have only
the plane coordinates it’s necessary to define first a coordinate system so that can
be calculated the corresponding geographic coordinates.
Field
Description
Create local
system on base
This option allows to create, simultaneously to programming the base, a local
coordinate system on 1 point having just the base as reference point.
If the option is activated it’s possible to specify the local coordinates
corresponding to position of the base.
Start base
Hit the button to perform the complete programming of the base and the start of
operating.
In this phase, the receiver acquires the current position and checks that there isn’t
a difference over 5 seconds between current position and position inserted.
When programming and starting the base is over it is proposed the list of available Rover GPS profiles;
select the rover profile with which you want to proceed with the job. The selected profile becomes
automatically the current instrument profile.
Starting a base on current position
Use this mode when the base is positioned in a place of which you don’t know coordinates; the base is
started with the position approximated by the receiver.
START BASE
Current position
The meaning of the fields and the steps to execute are exactly the same of the previous paragraph;
when you have to specify the coordinates of the base hit button Measure here; the current position of
receiver is visualized in corresponding fields.
Starting a base with previous settings
Command allowing to repeat programming of the base using previous programming data. Guided
procedure shows coordinate that will be assigned to the base and then proceeds to configuration.
START BASE
82 - Starting a base on current position
Previous setup
Survey of points – GPS and TPS common functions
GPS
TPS
This chapter explains some commands and functions that are present both in survey of points with GPS
both in survey with total station.
Electronic bubble
The software is able to use the sensors present inside the controller to visualize an electronic bubble
directly on the display; this way the operator can maintain the attention on the display instead of
looking always the bubble on the pole. Moreover the software is able to avoid the acquisition of epochs
when the pole is out of the bubble.
The assumption for the correct functioning of the system is to have a solid strut of the controller on the
pole so that controller and pole can move together and not independently of one another.
Activation of the electronic bubble
Settings
GPS accuracy check
Settings
TPS survey
To activate the electronic bubble it’s necessary activating the option E-bubble check in the settings of
the Accuracy check of the total station and of GPS.
Calibration of the electronic bubble
When it’s selected a survey and stakeout command it’s visualized the window allowing to perform
calibration of the electronic bubble. The calibration is a necessary operation allowing to determinate the
position of the controller referring to the pole.
To perform the calibration it’s necessary to use the physical bubble to maintain perfectly in bubble the
pole for some seconds. At the end of the calibration procedure the position of the electronic bubble that
is visualized in the survey and stakeout windows will correspond to the position of the physical bubble.
If the calibration procedure has been previously performed, and the controller doesn’t change position
referring to the pole, it’s possible to skip the procedure and pass to next window.
Survey of points – GPS and TPS common functions - 83
Survey codes assignment
It’s possible to assign survey codes to the point in different ways.
Manual insertion of code
Type code directly in the field Code.
Selection from table of the code
Hit on button
to access to window allowing to select codes; in the page List you find the table
containing the survey codes: select the desired code from the list.
Sort Alphabetic
Sort Last used
Codes can be listed basing on alphabetic order or basing on use; in this second case they are reported in
the first places of the table the most used codes.
Quick codes
Hit on button
to access to window allowing to select codes; in the page Q-Code1/Q-Code2/QCode3 are visualized some buttons corresponding to some codes. Choose the code hitting the
corresponding button.
In the survey settings it’s possible to activate an option that starts automatically the measure after
selection of the quick code.
84 - Survey codes assignment
Customization of Quick codes
Step
Description
1
2
to access to window allowing to select codes
Select one of the three pages with quick codes
3
activates the customization mode of quick codes
4
Hit on one of buttons and select code from the list
5
repeat the operation for all buttons you want to customize
6
end the quick code customization mode
GIS features
GIS
If a GIS feature has been associated to a code of the point, it appears a window visualizing the attributes
of the GIS feature that have to be filled in by the operator.
The window can be organized in pages, one for every GIS feature, because to the point it’s possible to
associate more than one code (composed codes).
For every page are visualized the attributes expected by the feature as input fields to fill in.
GIS Data
From point
Loads values of the attributes saved in one of the points of the job; select the point
from which to load values of the attributes.
Loads values of the attributes saved in previous point.
From previous
Survey of points – GPS and TPS common functions - 85
Smart Drawing – Drawing during survey
SmartDrawing is a function allowing to generate drawing during measuring points; different types of
tools allow drawing of lines and arcs between points, the construction of close figures and the drawing
of objects as circles, rectangles and squares.
The toolbar SmartDrawing appears hitting corresponding button in the survey window.
Tool
Description
Point
Simple saving of single points
Line
Creates lines between points
Arc
Creates arcs between points
Close
Closes the figure
Stop drawing
Stops drawing
Selection point
Allows to select the requested point on video among the ones still present
Use last point
Allows to use, as requested point, the last saved point
Circle 3P
Creation of a circle through measuring of 3 points
Circle C+R
Creation of a circle through measuring of center and of one point on
circumference
Square
Creation of a square through measuring of two opposite angles
Square Center
Creation of a square through measuring of the central point and of one middle
point of a side
Rectangle Base
Creation of a rectangle through measuring of two points of the base and any
point on opposite side from the base
Rectangle Center
Creation of a rectangle through measuring of the center, of one middle point
of a side, and any point on opposite side
When you select a tool, in SmartDrawing button is visualized the request related to the point to
measure. Example:
When it’s selected a survey code, it’s automatically activated the tool corresponding to the type of
drawing set in the code.
86 - Smart Drawing – Drawing during survey
Average coordinates
A point can be measured more than one time and in different times. During the operations of
measuring, when it’s defined the name of a point still measured, it’s requested to specify as you want to
proceed:
Existing point
Overwrite point
The previous point is deleted and it’s created a new point with the same
name.
Additional measure
It’s saved a new measure for the point. If in the survey settings the option
Average coordinates has been set, the coordinates of the point are recalculated considering all measures performed.
Next point
It’s proposed the name of next point not yet saved.
Tools & utilities
In survey window they are available different tools and functions that can be very useful during
measuring operations.
Edit last point
Edit last point
Opens the dialog box allowing to edit the last point measured.
Delete last point
Delete last point
Opens the dialog box allowing to delete the last point measured.
Share last point
Share last point
Opens the dialog box allowing to share the last point measured. Choose the sharing method and
complete the procedure; for the selected point they will be sent the information related to coordinates
(geographic and plane), the code, the description and the eventual photo/sketch associated.
Adding a note
Add note
During survey operation it’s possible to add in the fieldbook some measures, descriptive notes and
sketches that can be a valid reference at the moment of elaborating the measured data in the office.
Survey of points – GPS and TPS common functions - 87
Points & measures
Points & Measures
During the survey operations it can be useful to access to the table of the points or to the fieldbook of
measures to check data and eventually correct some wrong values of antenna height, code and
description.
For further information on window of the fieldbook of measures please refer to chapter Managing of
points and measures.
88 - Tools & utilities
GPS - Survey of points
GPS
This chapter illustrates commands allowing measuring of points with GPS instruments; they are analyzed
different operative modes.
Note. Commands of measuring of points are available when it’s set a profile of GPS instruments in
ROVER mode.
Survey of points
The procedure allows to measure and record the position of points, even in conditions when the point
to measure isn’t measurable directly with receiver.
SURVEY
Survey points
The window presents some panels on external sides reporting different information about receiver
status and allowing to manage the different available functions.
Panel
Title
Description
1
Coordinate
The panel reports the geographic coordinates (latitude, longitude,
height) of receiver; clicking on panel you pass to visualization of
plane coordinates (East/North/Elevation). Clicking you return
again to geographic coordinates.
2
Antenna height
Height of the antenna of the receiver. Clicking on panel it’s
possible to modify the height.
3
Smart Drawing –
Drawing during
survey
The panel reports the current status of the function Smart
Drawing; clicking on panel it’s possible to choose the tool of
drawing or the operation to perform. See paragraph Smart
Drawing.
4
Accuracy
The traffic light,
or
, indicates if the precision level set in
the survey parameters, has been reached; the epochs are acquired
only when the level of precision has been reached (horizontal and
vertical precision, minimum number of satellites, maximum values
GPS - Survey of points - 89
of DOP, electronic bubble).
Under the traffic light they are reported the current precision
values for coordinates (H) and for elevations (V).
RTK Fixed: receiver is receiving corrections from a
source and it has fixed the ambiguity (maximum
precision)
Quick Fix: receiver has fixed the ambiguity but it
hasn’t still reached the maximum precision level;
only for receiver Zenith25.
5
Receiver status
RTK Mobile: receiver is receiving corrections from a
source but it has not yet fixed ambiguity
DGPS: receiver is receiving differential corrections in
DGPS mode.
Autonomous: receiver is acquiring position in
autonomous way without receiving corrections from
any source (minimum precision)
Number of satellites, for the different constellations,
currently tracked.
GPS: constellation GPS
GLS: constellation GLONASS
BDU: constellation BeiDou/Compass
SBAS: constellation SBAS
6
Satellites
7
Graphic area
Graphic view with visualization of survey and drawing. Clicking two
times in graphic part you access to main CAD window.
Current position
Indication of current position; if the symbol is blue it means that
all parameters of operation satisfy the preset level of accuracy; the
red color indicates that accuracy parameters are not satisfied at
the moment.
8
Note. Clicking on panel that reports the information on GPS you access to window GPS Status.
The requested data for recording of point are the following:
Field
Point
Name of next point to measure
Code
Code to assign to next point to measure
In the lower part a toolbar allows to access to a menu of advanced functions and to commands for
measuring points.
Rapid measuring of points
Command
Measuring of current position and direct saving of the point.
Measure-Save
90 - Survey of points
Allows to stop measuring.
Stop
The command starts the acquisition of position for the number of epochs set in survey parameters.
The epochs are acquired if the condition imposed by the Accuracy check are satisfied; otherwise the
software remains waiting until you stop it manually or until when conditions are satisfied.
When reaches the number of epochs defined, the point is saved. The name of next point is
automatically proposed.
Note. It’s possible to stop measuring when the imposed conditions are not satisfied, and to proceed
however with recording of point.
Note. For further information on Accuracy check see paragraph Accuracy check in this chapter.
Note. If to the code of the point has been associated a GIS feature it appears a window visualizing the
attributes of the GIS feature that have to be filled in by the operator.
Measuring of points
Command
Measuring of current position.
Measure
Allows to stop measuring.
Stop
The command starts the acquisition of position for the number of epochs set in survey parameters.
The epochs are acquired if the condition imposed by the Accuracy check are satisfied; otherwise the
software remains waiting until you stop it manually or until when conditions are satisfied.
Note. It’s possible to stop measuring when the imposed conditions are not satisfied, and to proceed
however with recording of point.
Note. For further information on Accuracy check see paragraph Accuracy check in this chapter.
When reaches the number of epochs defined, the command follows with request of confirmation of
following data:
Data page
Point
Name of point to store
Antenna height
Height of the antenna at the moment of the acquisition of the point
Code
Code associated to the point. See paragraph Assignment of survey codes and
Quick codes in chapter dedicated to Survey codes.
GPS - Survey of points - 91
Description
Extended description associated to the point
Sketch page
Deletes sketch and photo
Restores original content
Starts application allowing to shoot a photo and save it.
Results page
General information on point to record.
Note. If to the code of the point has been associated a GIS feature it appears a window visualizing the
attributes of the GIS feature that have to be filled in by the operator.
Accuracy check
Settings of the accuracy check allow to define control parameters to accept the epochs sent by the
receiver; only when all condition imposed are satisfied the single epoch is accepted and the measuring
of point proceeds.
Setup survey
GPS Accuracy check
Field
Description
Accuracy check
Activates accuracy check; the GPS epoch is accepted if current precision
satisfies conditions of precision preset.
H
Maximum horizontal precision to make acceptable the GPS epoch
V
Maximum vertical precision (in elevation) to make acceptable the GPS epoch
DOP check
Activates check on DOP value; the GPS epoch is accepted only if DOP value is
lower than preset value.
Maximum DOP
Maximum DOP value to make acceptable the GPS epoch.
Satellites check
Activates the satellites number check; the GPS epoch is accepted only if the
number of satellites tracked is more than minimum preset value.
Minimum number of
satellites
Minimum number of satellites to make acceptable the GPS epoch.
E-bubble check
Activates use of electronic bubble the GPS epoch is accepted only if the
electronic bubble finds itself inside the tolerance limits. The electronic
bubble is visualized in survey and stakeout windows.
Maximum error (2m
pole)
Maximum error acceptable outside the bubble considering a 2 meters pole.
Localization zone
Activates the GPS localization zone check; if a coordinates system defined by
92 - Survey of points
check
a localization on more than 2 points is set, the software verifies if the
receiver position is inside the localization zone; if current position is external
to localization zone an icon on coordinates panel is visualized in survey and
stakeout windows. The localization zone is drawn in the graphic window.
Hidden points
The hidden points are positions in which the receiver GPS can’t acquire precise coordinates due to lack
or insufficient visibility of satellites. To acquire however position you are interested in they are used
some artifices integrating to GPS position measures of distances and slopes.
Distances and difference in height between reference points and the point to measure can be acquired
directly by laser Disto with Bluetooth system; after measuring distance hit button Bluetooth on device
and the measured value will be transferred automatically in the distance field of the window. If you set
the software to measure also the inclination angle they are transferred both distance and difference in
height values.
To use the laser Disto it’s necessary to create a corresponding profile in the instruments profiles.
Measuring of hidden points by intersection of two distances
Calculates position of a point basing on two distances by two reference points.
Hidden points
Distance-Distance
A guided procedure allows to define the two reference points, the distances and choose the desired
solution. They are requested data related to first reference point.
First point (A)
Reference point (A)
Specify the name of first reference point; it’s possible to type the name
of the point ore select it from graphic window or from table.
If the reference point hasn’t been measured yet allows to proceed to
measure and to saving of point
Distance from A
Allows to measure the reference point.
Height difference from A
Height difference of point to measure from reference point.
Laser height
Height from the ground of laser Disto; this way it’s possible to
determinate the exact value of the slope from the reference point.
Hit Next to proceed with guided procedure.
Second point (B)
Reference point (B)
Specify the name of second reference point; it’s possible to type the
name of the point ore select it from graphic window or from table.
If the reference point hasn’t been measured yet allows to proceed to
measure and to saving of point
Distance from B
Allows to measure the reference point.
GPS - Survey of points - 93
Height difference from B
Height difference of point to measure from reference point.
Laser height
Height from the ground of laser Disto; this way it’s possible to
determinate the exact value of the slope from the reference point.
Hit Next to proceed with guided procedure. The calculation is performed and they are visualized in a
graphic window the two reference points and the two possible solutions. Choose the desired solution
clicking in correspondence of the semi-plane to which the solution RIGHT or LEFT belongs. The solution
that will be used is represented in red.
The calculation scheme and the measured point can be visualized also on Google map.
Note. At the moment to choose the solution we suggest to approach the receiver toward the point to
measure; the position of receiver is visualized on graphic window allowing to understand which of the
two solutions is the desired one.
Hit Next to proceed with guided procedure. They are request the data of the measured point by
intersection of two distances:
Data page
Point
Name of point to record
Antenna height
Height of the antenna at the moment of the acquisition of the point
Code
Code associated to the point. See paragraph Assignment of survey codes and
Quick codes in chapter dedicated to Survey codes.
Description
Extended description associated to the point
Sketch page
Deletes sketch and photo
Restores original content
Starts application allowing to shoot a photo and save it.
94 - Survey of points
Results page
General information on point to record.
At the end of recording it’s possible to decide if continuing to measure other hidden points or returning
to main measuring window.
Measuring of hidden points by alignment and offset
Calculates position of a point referring to an alignment defined by two reference points.
Hidden points
Alignment-Offset
A guided procedure allows to define the two reference points, the distance and position referring to an
alignment and check the desired solution. They are requested data related to two reference points.
Reference points
Reference point (A)
Specify the name of first reference point; it’s possible to type the name
of the point ore select it from graphic window or from table.
Reference point (B)
Specify the name of second reference point; it’s possible to type the
name of the point ore select it from graphic window or from table.
If the reference points haven’t been measured yet allows to proceed to
measure and to saving of points
Hit Next to proceed with guided procedure.
Distance & Offset
Reference
Reference distance along the alignment can be referred to starting
point (A) or ending point (B).
Distance from B
Distance along the alignment, and referred to point A or B, of the
projection of the point to measure.
Offset
Distance of the point to measure in reference with defined alignment;
position of the point referring to alignment (left or right) is decided
after in the graphic window.
Height difference
Height difference of the point to measure referring to reference point A
or B.
Laser height
Height from the ground of laser Disto; this way it’s possible to
determinate the exact value of the slope from the reference point.
Hit Next to proceed with the guided procedure. It’s executed the calculation and are shown in the
graphic window the two reference points and the two possible solutions: to the right or to the left
referring to the alignment. Select desired solution clicking on the semi-plane containing solution LEFT or
solution RIGHT. Solution selected that will be used is represented in red color.
GPS - Survey of points - 95
Note. At the moment to choose the solution we suggest to approach the receiver toward the point to
measure; the position of receiver is visualized on graphic window allowing to understand which of the
two solutions is the desired one.
Hit Next to proceed with guided procedure. They are request the data of the measured point by
alignment and offset:
Data page
Point
Point
Antenna height
Antenna height
Code
Code
Description
Description
Sketch page
Deletes sketch and photo
Restores original content
Starts application allowing to shoot a photo and save it.
Results page
General information on point to record.
At the end of recording it’s possible to decide if continuing to measure other hidden points or returning
to main measuring window.
Recording of raw data during survey
In cases where you don’t have your own base and it’s not possible the connection to a network of
permanent stations, it’s possible to exploit a feature present in most part of receivers allowing to record
all survey session data in a file of proprietary format or in standard format as RINEX. These data can be
used in post-processing elaborations in the office to obtain precise coordinates.
96 - Survey of points
Start Log
Command starts recording of raw data on receiver; in this file created by the receiver will be present the
measured points with all the kinematic chain. The file of the receiver, at the end of the survey, must be
transferred for a post-processing with a dedicated software which will provide compensated
coordinates.
A window allowing to define some parameters necessary to perform the memorization of data of the
session by the receiver. Such requests can be different basing on receiver model.
Survey – Post-Processing
Log file
Name of the file on which memorizing the raw data
Time of occupation
Time of acquisition of single point
Log frequency
Frequency with which recording data for post-processing.
Recording of raw data is stopped automatically when the survey of points procedure ends or it can be
interrupted in every moment.
Stop Log
Automatic survey of points
Automatic surveying allows to acquire automatically the positions of the points basing on elapsed
distance or elapsed time rules.
SURVEY
Automatic survey of points
Before starting to acquire points it’s possible to set functioning parameters and rules.
Survey Auto
Mode
Mode to use for automatic survey of points:
Time: position is acquire at preset intervals of time
2D distance: position is acquired at preset intervals of horizontal
distance
3D distance: position is acquired at preset intervals of 3D distance
Stop & Go: position is acquired in stop & go mode; when the
antenna remains in still position the software begins to acquire
position.
GPS – Auto survey – Time mode
Measure every (sec)
Set the interval of time between every automatic acquisition of position
GPS - Survey of points - 97
GPS – Auto survey – 2D Distance
Set the interval of horizontal distance that must be between position to
acquire and previously acquired position.
Measure every
GPS – Auto survey – 3D Distance
Set the interval of 3D distance that must be between position to acquire and
previously acquired position.
Measure every
GPS – Auto survey – Stop & Go
Stop time (sec)
Defines the time spent on the point to allow the acquisition of the position.
Max. movement
antenna
Maximum movement allowed to consider the antenna still; when the
software recognize that the antenna remains almost still with a movement
less than maximum value, it begins acquisition of position for the preset stop
time.
Note. The window functions in the same way of the simple surveying window. For further information
please refer to previous chapter Survey of points.
Startup of the automatic measuring
Command
Start Auto
Starts automatic measuring of points. The point number is automatically
increased at every recorded point.
Allows stopping measuring.
Stop
Position is acquired if conditions set in Accuracy check are satisfied; otherwise the software remains
waiting until a manual stop or till when conditions are satisfied.
The command recognizes automatically when condition for recording is reached evaluating time elapsed
or the distance elapsed; when reaching condition of recording the point is recorded.
Static survey
This command allows to record static data of the position of the receiver for a further elaboration with
post-processing software allowing to determinate precise coordinates.
SURVEY
Static Survey
When starting the command it appears a window allowing to define some parameters necessary to
execute recording of data of the session by the receiver.
Survey – Post-Processing
Log file prefix
98 - Static survey
Prefix to assign to the log file that will contain data of the occupation. It’s
created a file for every point; the name of the file comes from the
composition of the prefix and of the name of the point.
The log files are recorded inside the receiver and have to be therefore
transferred in to the PC with the specific cable.
The files have to be then transformed in RINEX files using the specific
STH2RINEX application.
Log frequency
Frequency with which to record data for post-processing.
Occ. time
Occupation time of the point; it’s possible to set a default time or to
choose the Manual option. In this case the stop of the occupation of the
point has to be made by the user.
Hit Next to proceed and go to the window of static measuring of points. Functioning of the window is
the one explained in the two previous chapters, Survey points and Auto-survey points.
Starting occupation
Command
Start occupation
Starts static measuring of the position. Receiver begins data recording inside
the controller or in its internal memory.
Allows to stop measuring.
Stop occupation
If it has been defined the time of occupation it will be shown a counter of the time remaining to
completion of the procedure; otherwise it’s shown a counter of the time elapsed from the beginning of
the occupation.
At the end of the occupation or after a stop the command asks a confirmation of the data of the point.
GPS - Survey of points - 99
GPS - Stakeout
GPS
Stakeout procedures allow to provide to the operator the information in graphic, numeric and vocal
format, to reach a point, an element or in general a particular position. A wide range of options and
operative modes are available.
Before proceeding with stakeout it’s necessary to define with precision the coordinates system of the
job in order to guarantee the correct matching between surveyed positions and positions to stakeout.
If no coordinates system is set you can perform only stakeout of positions defined in WGS84
coordinates.
Note. Commands to measure points are available when a GPS instrument profile has been set in
ROVER mode.
Stakeout information
Information provided by the software during stakeout of a position are quite common and similar in all
modes; whether you are doing stakeout of a point, of an element or of a position by offset, the software
provides indications to reach position to stakeout using a common scheme.
The stakeout window presents some panels on external borders reporting different information
concerning receiver status and allowing to manage the different available functions.
Panel
1
2
100 - Stakeout information
Title
Description
Coordinates
The panel reports the geographic coordinates (latitude,
longitude, Height) of receiver; clicking on panel you pass to
visualization of plane coordinate (East/North/Elevation).
Clicking you return again to geographic coordinates.
Accuracy
The traffic light,
or
, indicates if the precision level set
in the survey parameters, has been reached; the epochs are
acquired only when the level of precision has been reached
(horizontal and vertical precision, minimum number of
satellites, maximum values of DOP, electronic bubble).
Under the traffic light they are reported the current precision
values for coordinates (H) and for elevations (V).
RTK Fixed: receiver is receiving corrections from
a source and it has fixed the ambiguity
(maximum precision)
Quick Fix: receiver has fixed the ambiguity but it
hasn’t still reached the maximum precision level;
only for receiver Zenith25.
3
Receiver status
RTK Mobile: receiver is receiving corrections
from a source but it has not yet fixed ambiguity
DGPS: receiver is receiving differential
corrections in DGPS mode.
Autonomous: receiver is acquiring position in
autonomous way without receiving corrections
from any source (minimum precision)
4
Satellites
5
Height of the antenna
Number of satellites, for the different
constellations, currently tracked.
GPS: constellation GPS
GLS: constellation GLONASS
BDU: constellation BeiDou/Compass
SBAS: constellation SBAS
Height of the antenna of receiver. Clicking on panel it’s
possible to change the height.
Graphic area and
Current position
6
7
Graphic visualization of the current position and of the
position to reach. If the symbol is blue it means that all
parameters of operation satisfy the preset level of accuracy;
red color indicates that precision parameters are not satisfied
at the moment.
Numeric indications to reach position. Indications are referred
to the North or to the Sun or to reference point.
First value is referred to distance Forward-Backward.
Second value is referred to distance Right-Left.
Third value specifies the elevation difference.
GPS - Stakeout - 101
8
This panel shows a compass indicating, with respect to the
current direction, the direction of the position to reach. In the
lower part is reported the distance of the point
This view mode is when you are at more than a meter distance
from the position to reach.
The arrow of the compass is red when receiver hasn’t reached
yet the precision check preset.
In stakeout settings it’s possible to define the distance limit
stating when to use this type of visualization; the value of
default is set at one meter.
8
When distance from the position to reach is less than one
meter it appears this view mode. Indications provided and
position indicated are referred to position of the North or to
position of the Sun.
8
Background become green when you reach, inside tolerance
values, requested position.
Note. Clicking on panel reporting information on GPS you access to window of GPS Status.
Stakeout tolerance
Reaching of position happens when the distance between current position and the position to reach is
less or the same as Stakeout tolerance. Stakeout tolerance is set in the Stakeout parameters. From
every stakeout procedure it’s possible to enter in the stakeout parameters and to check tolerance value.
Information referring to North or to Sun or to a reference point
The information provided in the panel on the right are referred to the North, to the Sun or to a
reference point. To read properly the distance values it’s necessary therefore turning toward the North,
toward the Sun or toward the reference point . Buttons
element.
allow to change the reference
Graphic and analytic view
To move from analytic to graphic view use buttons
.
Vocal information
The software guides the user with vocal information allowing, most of all when you are far from the
point, to arrive near the point without having to look always on the controller.
A tone tells when is reached, inside preset tolerance limits, the desired position.
102 - Stakeout information
To enable and disable vocal information use buttons
.
How to interpret information provided
After having defined the position to reach we suggest to follow the following two rules to reach position
in the most speedy and effective way.
1.
When you are far from the point follow vocal indications even without looking always on the
controller display; it’s sufficient to listen what the software indicated about arriving directly near
the position to reach.
2.
Once you are arrived near the position, at a distance less than one meter, turn with the controller
toward the North or toward the Sun, depending on the type of reference you chose. Move the
antenna following indications present on the right side panel. A tone tells you when you reach
position.
Common operations in Stakeout
All stakeout operations have common operations and functions that are reported below.
Measuring the point
After having reached the stakeout position it’s possible to record the point.
Command
Starts measuring of stakeout point.
Measure
Allows to stop measuring.
Stop
The command starts acquisition of the position for the number of epochs preset in surveying
parameters. Epochs are acquired if conditions set in Accuracy check are satisfied; otherwise the
software remains waiting until a manual stop or till when conditions are satisfied.
Note. For further information about Accuracy check see Accuracy check and Stakeout parameters in
this chapter.
When reached the preset number of epochs the command proceeds showing some stakeout data: Hit
Next to proceed and complete measuring with definition of data of the point to record.
Stakeout data are saved and it’s possible to read and export them from window Stakeout Report.
The next point to stakeout is automatically proposed by the software.
Stakeout parameters
Survey settings
Stakeout
GPS - Stakeout - 103
Field
Description
Distance tolerance
Maximum horizontal distance between current position and position to
reach to consider being on stakeout position; if the distance between
current position and position to reach is lower or equal to tolerance, the
software reports the reaching of stakeout position.
Elevation tolerance
Maximum acceptable difference between current elevation and stakeout
elevation; if the elevation difference is lower or equal to tolerance the
software reports the reaching of the position in elevation.
Vocal info
Activates the vocal information during the stakeout operations.
Confirm before saving
Allows checking the stakeout position before proceeding to saving new point
on position to stakeout. Disabling this option the stakeout point is saved
without any further request.
GPS reference
Defines reference referring to which the information to reach the stakeout
position with the GPS are provided. References can be:
North: information are provided referring to the North; turn the
controller toward the North and follow indications.
Sun: information are provided referring to the Sun; turn the controller
toward the Sun and follow indications.
Point: information are provided referring to a reference point previously
defined; turn the controller toward the point and follow indications.
Arrow limit
Distance determining the automatic change of visualization of the stakeout
information; if the distance of the receiver from the point to stakeout is
more than the defined value it appears the arrow indicating direction; if the
distance of the receiver from the point to stakeout is lower than the defined
value it appears the stakeout sketch with the reference to North, to Sun or
to Point.
Hit End to save modifications.
Inserting a note
Add Note
During stakeout it’s possible to add in the field book some notes and sketches that can be helpful when
working on acquired data in the office.
Stakeout of points
The stakeout of points procedure allows the operator to define, in different modes, the position to
reach and to be guided by the software on the position to reach in the fastest way possible.
STAKEOUT
Points
Select mode
Point from CAD
Select the point to stake directly from graphic window
Point from table
Select the point to stake from list of points
104 - Stakeout of points
List of points
Allows to create a list of topographic points to stake.
Coordinates
Manual definition of coordinates East, North and Elevation to stake.
Coordinates can be selected from the CAD drawing.
Coordinates WGS84
Manual definition of the WGS84 coordinates to stake.
Stakeout of a list of points
It appears a window in which the button Tools allows to execute main operations.
Tools
Load all points
Loads in the list all the topographic points present in the job.
Select from table
Allows to select from the table topographic points to add to the list.
Select from CAD
Allows to select from the graphic window topographic points to add to
the list.
Load list from file
Allows to load the list from a file of points previously created.
Save list to file
Saves the list of points on an external file to be loaded later.
Delete list of points
Deletes content of the list.
Load all points
Loads in the list all the topographic points present in the job.
Selecting a point from the list you can change its position inside the list or delete it from the list. The
icon aside every point identifies if the point has been still staked.
Icon
Point of the list that has been still staked.
Point of the list not yet staked.
Stakeout of coordinates ENZ
ENZ Coordinates
E/N/Z
Coordinates of the position to stake.
Hit Select to define coordinates by selecting on the drawing of the
graphic window.
Stakeout of WGS84 coordinates
WGS84 Coordinates
Latitude, Longitude,
Height
Geographic coordinates of the position to stake.
GPS - Stakeout - 105
Stakeout procedure
After having defined position to stake it appears the main stakeout window.
Stakeout of the next point
Next
It’s possible to choose the next point to stake in following modes:
Next point to stake
Next
It is selected the next point, according to recording order, to current point.
Previous
It is selected the previous point, according to recording order, to current point.
Nearest
It is selected the nearest point, which hasn’t been yet staked, to current point.
From CAD
Manual selection of the point to stake in the graphic window.
From Table
Manual selection of the point to stake from the table.
Stakeout of lines/arcs/objects
This procedure allows to position with precision along geometric elements as lines, arcs or drawing
elements.
STAKEOUT
Objects
It’s possible to define the element to stake in different modes.
Reference
Type
106 - Stakeout of lines/arcs/objects
Allows to choose mode to define element to stake. Possible options are:
Line (2 points): line defined by two reference topographic points.
Arc (3 points): arc defined by three reference topographic points.
Arc (2 points +R): arc defined by two topographic points and by the radius.
Drawing object: drawing element (line, polyline, arc, circle) to select in the
graphic window.
Stakeout of line by 2 points
Line by 2 points
Point 1
First point of the reference line
Point 2
Second point of the reference line
Stakeout of arc by 3 points
Arc by 3 points
Point 1
First point of the reference arc
Point 2
Second point of the reference arc
Point 3
Third point of the reference arc
Stakeout of arc by 2 points and radius
Arc by 2 points and radius
Point 1
Starting point of the reference arc
Point 2
Ending point of the reference arc
Radius
Radius of the reference arc
Clockwise arc
Direction of the reference arc
Stakeout of CAD element
It’s requested to select from the graphic window the drawing element to stake.
Offset
After defining the stakeout element it’s possible to specify an additional offset, to the right or to the
left.
Offset
Offset
Distance to observe referring to reference element
Stakeout procedure
After having defined the element to stake it appears the main stakeout window.
GPS - Stakeout - 107
In the lower part is reported the station distance and the current distance referring to the element to
stake.
Information of stakeout
Current position is on the left referring to the reference element.
Current position is on the right referring to the reference element.
Current position is on the reference element.
Stakeout of lines/arcs/objects by offset
This procedure allows to execute stakeout of a position calculated referring to a station distance and to
an offset distance on a reference element.
108 - Stakeout of lines/arcs/objects by offset
STAKEOUT
Station & offset
It’s possible to define the reference element in different modes.
Type
Type
Allows to choose mode to define element to stake. Possible options are:
Line (2 points): line defined by two reference topographic points.
Arc (3 points): arc defined by three reference topographic points.
Arc (2 points +R): arc defined by two topographic points and by the radius.
Drawing object: drawing element (line, polyline, arc, circle) to select in the
graphic window.
Stakeout by offset referring to a line by 2 points
Line by 2 points
Point 1
First point of the reference line
Point 2
Second point of the reference line
Stakeout by offset referring to an arc by 3 points
Arc by 3 points
Point 1
First point of the reference arc
Point 2
Second point of the reference arc
Point 3
Third point of the reference arc
Stakeout by offset referring to an arc by 2 points and radius
Arc by 2 points and radius
Point 1
Starting point of the reference arc
Point 2
Ending point of the reference arc
Radius
Radius of the reference arc
Clockwise arc
Direction of the reference arc
Stakeout by offset referring to a CAD element
It’s requested to select from the graphic window the reference drawing element.
Parameters di offset
Parameters
Station
Distance, on the reference element, at which is the position to reach.
Interval
Distance along the reference element that you want to maintain between the
next stakeout points. The button on the right allows to calculate the interval
dividing the length of the reference element in a defined number of parts.
Offset
Distance referring to reference element; the button aside allows to define if
GPS - Stakeout - 109
the desired position is on the right or on the left of the reference element.
Height diff.
Elevation difference to apply to the calculated point; the software interpolates
the elevation on the reference element with the defined station distance. To
the interpolated elevation can be added a slope.
Hit Next to start with stakeout of the calculated position.
Stakeout procedure
After having defined the reference element and the offset parameters it appears the main stakeout
window.
In the lower part is reported the station distance and the offset of the position.
Stakeout of the next point by offset
Next
Comes back to page allowing to define the station distance and the offset on the stakeout element. It is
proposed a station distance increased of the interval value.
Stakeout of surfaces
Volumes
This procedure allows to determinate on field the design elevation of a three-dimensional surfaces
loaded in current job; for every position the elevation of current position is compared with the elevation
interpolated on surface and is calculated the difference of elevation. The surfaces stakeout can be used
for:
 Stakeout on field of a planned surface
 Quality check to test the correspondence between the built and the plan.
STAKEOUT
Surfaces
Select surface to stake among the ones loaded in the job.
110 - Stakeout of surfaces
The side panel visualizes in real time the difference of elevation between current position and the
elevation interpolated on the surface.
Stakeout report
All the stakeout data, both related to stakeout of points, both to stakeout of elements, are recorded in
the job. This command allows their reading and exporting in a file with CSV extension that can be
opened also with software as Microsoft Excel.
STAKEOUT
Report
A table present the list of all the stakeout points with differences, in distances and elevations, between
the design coordinate and the stakeout coordinate.
Hit button Export to create a file, in CSV or XML format, with all stakeout data of every point.
GPS - Stakeout - 111
GPS - Monitoring
Monitor
GPS
Monitoring module allows to check in real time, basing on defined parameters, movements of slopes,
dams, constructions, bridges and other structures.
The monitoring comes registering automatically the position of the receiver in a raw data file and
sending it then to an e-mail box or o an FTP server for eventual checks / elaborations.
Monitoring
MONITORING
Monitoring
The start of monitoring procedure activates recording of raw data by the receiver; at time intervals
decided by the user the software blocks temporarily the recording to copy inside the controller the
current raw data file; the raw data file will be sent by e-mail or copied in an FTP area. Recording of raw
data will start again until next sending.
Command
Start
monitoring
Starts the monitoring automatic procedure basing on defined parameters.
Stop
monitoring
Stops the monitoring procedure.
Activity log
The procedure allows to visualize all the operations performed during the sessions of monitoring in
chronological way.
MONITORING
Activity log
The operations visualized on the register are distinguished by type.
Type of messages
Information
Attention
Error
112 - Monitoring
They are the different operations performed during monitoring and executed
without problems.
They identify eventual problems as for example the insufficient internal
memory of receiver.
They identify the errors that have come during monitoring.
For example the raw data file is not downloaded correctly.
Commands
Updates the activity log.
Update
Shares the activity log in every moment, by e-mail, Bluetooth, etc.
Share
Settings
The monitoring procedure is subjected to several parameters and options that are completely
customizable by the user.
MONITORING
Settings
The monitoring settings, are organized in pages.
GPS page
Post-Processing rate
Frequency with which recording data for post-processing.
Delete Post-Processing
file
At every monitoring session it’s possible deleting the Post-Processing files
older than:
Mode to use for the automatic survey of points:
 1 week
 2 weeks
 1 month
Send data rate
Frequency of sending of monitoring sessions:
 Never: data are never sent
 Every hour
 Every 2 hours
 Every 4 hours
 Every 6 hours
 Every 8 hours
 1 time per day
 2 times per day
GPS - Monitoring - 113
Reference time
Reference time for sending of monitoring session.
Example:
Reference time: 8:00
Send data rate: Every hour
The monitoring sessions will start from 8:00 o’clock hourly (9:00, 10:00,
etc.).
SEND DATA page – Notification e-mail
Notification e-mail
Activates the possibility to send to an e-mail box the monitoring
notifications.
e-mail
E-mail box for sending of monitoring notifications.
Attach data
Activates the possibility to attach to the notification e-mail, the PostProcessing file downloaded during the monitoring session.
SEND DATA page – Server FTP1/FTP2
Use the FTP server
Activates the possibility to post, in an FTP area, the Post-processing files.
Host
Address of the FTP server.
UserID
User of login to FTP server.
Password
Password of login to FTP server.
Check connection
Hitting the button Check connection, it’s possible to check if parameters of
the FTP server are correct.
ACTVITY LOG page
Send data rate
Frequency of sending of the monitoring activity log to a certain e-mail box.
Frequency of sending:
 Never: activity log is never sent
 For each verification: at the end of every session it will be sent an email with the activity log.
 1 time per day: the activity log will be sent only one time per day at
12:00 o’clock.
e-mail
E-mail box for sending of monitoring activity logs.
SMTP page
114 - Settings
Name
Name of server SMTP for sending of e-mail.
Example account Google SMTP server: smtp.gmail.com
UserID
User of login to FTP server.
Password
Password of login to FTP server.
TPS - Controlling the total station
TPS
In this chapter it’s explained how to modify main parameters of the total station as for example the type
of target, the mode of measure; for the robotic total station it’s explained how to perform the research
of prism, how to control the direction of the station.
Following functions are activated by all the windows of the commands of survey and stakeout with total
station.
Mechanic total station control panel
This panel allows to control the basic functions of mechanic total station.
Command
Standard measure mode.
Fast measure mode.
Tracking measure mode (continuous measure).
Visualizes the status of activation of laser pointer; clicking on panel
activates and deactivates the pointer.
TPS - Controlling the total station - 115
Activates visualization of the bubble.
Visualizes the activation status of remote control. Activate remote
control if you are using the controller on the pole. Deactivate remote
control if you are using the controller from total station.
Control panel of robotic total station
Robotic
This panel allows to have full control of all functions of the robotic total station.
Robotic page
Command
Status of locking of prism. Clicking on button it’s started the research
of prism.
Current measure mode. They are available three status:
Standard, Fast, Tracking (continuous measuring)
Automatic aiming of prism. Clicking on button you activate and
deactivate the automatic aiming of prism.
Starts the automatic research of prism toward left.
116 - Control panel of robotic total station
Starts the automatic research of prism inside a window defined. If the
window hasn’t been defined yet it’s possible proceeding to definition
of limits of the research zone.
Starts the automatic research of prism toward right.
Visualizes the status of activation of laser pointer; clicking on panel
you activate and deactivate the pointer.
Activates visualization of the bubble.
Visualizes the activation status of remote control. Activate remote
control if you are using the controller on the pole. Deactivate remote
control if you are using the controller from total station.
Rotation page
Command
Position GPS. Not yet available function.
Rotates the total station on a specific value of horizontal angle.
Rotates the total station of a specified angular value.
Rotates the total station of 100 gon/90 degrees toward left.
TPS - Controlling the total station - 117
Rotates the station toward a topographic point; it’s requested to select the
topographic point directly in the graphic window.
Rotates the station of 100 gon/90 degrees toward right.
Rotates the station on opposite face.
Rotates the station toward a position; it’s requested to select the topographic point
directly in the graphic window.
Rotates the station of 200 gon/180 degrees.
Joystick page
Command
Starts rotation toward left. Clicking again you increase the speed.
Starts rotation toward right. Clicking again you increase the speed.
Starts rotation upward. Clicking again you increase the speed.
Starts rotation downward. Clicking again you increase the speed.
118 - Control panel of robotic total station
Stops rotation
Definition of research area
Parameters window
Search window
Activate to allow the research of prism only inside the defined window
HA minimum
Horizontal angle defining the left limit of research zone
HA maximum
Horizontal angle defining the right limit of research zone
VA minimum
Vertical angle defining the lower limit of research zone
VA maximum
Vertical angle defining the upper limit of research zone
Distance limits
Distance range
Activate to limit the research inside distance limits
Distance minimum
Minimum distance of research
Distance maximum
Maximum distance of research
Values of the search window can be inserted manually or it’s possible to register them using the total
station as pointing instrument.
Define window
It’s asked to aim the lower left angle of the search window and then the upper right angle.
It’s possible to maintain the same dimension of search window but to specify a new position.
New center
It’s asked to specify the new center of the window. It’s possible at the end to check which is the search
window of the station.
Show window
TPS - Controlling the total station - 119
Settings of type of target
This panel allows to edit the target to use for measures.
The three buttons in the upper part contain three prism types and it’s possible to customize buttons
specifying your three favorite prism types.
Command
3 upper buttons
Selection of type of prism to use.
Activates the mode of measure without prism.
Activates the mode of measure Long Range with prism.
Activates the mode of measure Tape.
Opens the window that allows to set the constants to use both for measures with
prism both without prism.
Allows to edit the height of pole.
Favorite prisms
120 - Settings of type of target
Through this function it’s possible to position in first three panels of the target selection window the
three prisms most used. Click on buttons until when it appears the desired type of prism.
Constants of targets
In this window it’s possible to check the constants of different types of prism and specify the constant to
use for the “user” type of prism.
Prism
Type
Type of prism
Constant (mm)
Constant of prism. The value is editable only for the type of prism “user”
Moreover it’s possible to set a constant to use in case of measures without prism or on tape.
Offsets
Reflectorless (mm)
Constant to use in measures without prism.
Tape (mm)
Constant to use in measures on tape.
TPS - Controlling the total station - 121
TPS - Basic
TPS
If current profile is related to a total station, from main menu it’s possible in every moment to access to
a window that allows to perform some simple measures without saving data.
Access to window that allows to perform measures with la total station without
saving data.
Main commands
Command
Access to control panel of the robotic total station.
Robotic
Access to control panel of the mechanic total station.
Setup
Setting of horizontal angle of the station.
Set HA
Measure
Starting of measure. At the end of the measure the distances measured are
reported in corresponding fields.
In the upper part of the window a panel allows to access to other functions to control total station.
Command
Visualizes the current type of target; clicking on panel you access to
window that allows to change the type of target.
Visualizes the status of locking of prism. Clicking on panel it’s started
the research of prism.
Visualizes the status of activation of laser pointer; clicking on panel you
activate and deactivate the pointer.
122 - Main commands
Visualizes the current mode of measure. They are available three
status:
Standard, Fast, Tracking (continuous measure)
TPS - Basic - 123
TPS – Station setup
TPS
Making the orientation of the station is a main step perform operations of surveying, stakeout and
monitoring with total station.
SURVEY
Station setup
Using previous setup
If previously it has been set an orientation the current orientation is proposed; current orientation can
be accepted or it’s possible to define a new orientation.
Command
Defines un new orientation.
Hit Accept to confirm current orientation.
Using the orientation of another job
The software saves the orientation of current job so that you can continue using it when you open or
create a new job. When you open another job it’s proposed to continue using the same orientation of
the previous job.
New orientation
It’s possible orientating station in one of the following modes:
Systems
Description
Backsight to known point
The station has been placed on a point of known coordinates and the
orientation is determined through the measure of a reference point of
known coordinates.
Backsight by Azimuth
The station has been placed on a point of known coordinates and the
orientation is determined through the measure of a reference point of
known azimuth.
Free station
The position and the orientation of the station are determined by
measuring of at least two reference points with known coordinates.
No orientation
No orientation is set; it’s possible to assign the coordinates of the
station.
124 - Using previous setup
Orientation to known point
This type of orientation requests to specify the position of the station and to specify the reference point;
the reference point must still be present in the table of the topographic points or of the reference
points.
Station
Station
Name of the station; it’s possible to select a point still existing.
Instrument height
Height of the total station from the ground.
Code
Code to assign to the station point in case it’s created a new point.
Position
ENZ
Coordinates of the station; if it was selected a point of the archive it’s not
possible editing values.
Hit Next to proceed with procedure.
Point of orientation
Point
Specify the reference point to measure to calculate the orientation of the
station
Azimuth
It’s calculated the azimuth between the position of the station and the
reference point
Circle
Allows to define how to set the horizontal angle of the station:
 Current value: the angle of the station is not modified
 Zero: the angle of the station is reset on reference point
 Azimuth: the angle of the station is set on azimuth value
Hit Measure to proceed with measure of reference point. Aim the point of orientation and proceed with
the measure. It’s visualized a report with data calculated and with the differences of angle and distance.
Hit Accept orientation to confirm set data and complete procedure.
Orientation by Azimuth
This type of orientation requests to specify the position of the station and to specify the reference point
for which is not known the position but the azimuth.
Station
Station
Name of the station; it’s possible to select a point still existing.
Instrument height
Height of the total station from the ground.
Code
Code to assign to the station point in case it’s created a new point.
Position
ENZ
Coordinates of the station; if it was selected a point of the archive it’s not
possible editing values.
TPS – Station setup - 125
Hit Next to proceed with procedure.
Point of orientation
Azimuth
It’s calculated the azimuth between the position of the station and the
reference point
Circle
Allows to define how to set the horizontal angle of the station:
 Current value: the angle of the station is not modified
 Zero: the angle of the station is reset on reference point
 Azimuth: the angle of the station is set on azimuth value
Hit Measure to proceed with measure of reference point. Aim the point of orientation and proceed with
the measure. It’s visualized a report with data calculated and with the differences of angle and distance.
Hit Accept orientation to confirm set data and complete procedure.
Free station
This type of orientation calculates the position of the station basing on measures to at least two points
for which is known the position.
Station
Station
Name of the station; it’s necessary to specify a new point.
Instrument height
Height of the total station from the ground.
Code
Code to assign to the station point in case it’s created a new point.
Hit Next to proceed with procedure. The procedure asks to specify the first reference point and to
perform corresponding measuring; it’s possible to type the name of reference point or to select it from
table of points, from table of reference points or from graphic window. Aim the reference point selected
and hit Measure.
It’s then asked to perform the same operation for the second reference point.
The two points measured are reported in a table with deviations calculated in correspondence of every
point and the total standard deviation standard on calculation of the position of the station.
Command
Activates and deactivates using of the measure for calculation of the
coordinates of the station.
Activates and deactivates using of the measure for calculation of the elevation
of the station
126 - New orientation
Allows to add the measure of other reference points to improve the quality of
calculation and for a better check of data.
Confirmation of data calculated. It’s visualized a report with calculated data.
Hit Accept orientation to confirm set data and complete procedure.
No orientation
In this mode station is not oriented but only the position is established.
Station
Station
Name of the station; it’s possible to select a point still existing.
Instrument height
Height of the total station from the ground.
Code
Code to assign to the station point in case it’s created a new point.
Position
ENZ
Coordinates of the station; if it was selected a point of the archive it’s not
possible editing values.
Hit Accept orientation to confirm set data and complete procedure.
Setting of elevation of the station from reference point
To determine the elevation of the station referring to a reference point with known elevation, it’s
necessary before to perform the orientation of the station according to one of the modes previously.
Opening again the window Setup station they are reported the calculated coordinates of the station; hit
the button From point.
Elevation from reference
Reference value
Specify if reference value it’s a point present in the archive or if it’s an
elevation.
Point
Select the point to use as reference for calculation of the elevation of the
station
Elevation
Specify the elevation of the reference point
Aim the reference point and hit Measure; the elevation of the station will be calculated basing on the
measure to reference point and on its elevation.
Cancelling the elevation of the station
To cancel the elevation of the station access to window Setup station reporting thee coordinates of the
station and hit button Reset Z.
TPS – Station setup - 127
TPS - Survey of points
TPS
This chapter illustrates commands allowing measuring points with the total station, mechanic and
robotic; they are analyzed the different operative modes.
SURVEY
Survey points
The window presents some panels on external borders reporting different information on settings of the
station and allowing to manage the different functions available.
Panel
Title
Description
1
Angles
The panel reports the current angles of the total station.
2
Current target
Visualizes the type of current target; clicking on panel it’s possible
to edit the type of target. See paragraph Setting of the type of
target.
3
Height of the target
Visualizes the current height of the target; clicking on panel it’s
possible to edit the height.
4
Smart Drawing –
Drawing during
survey
The panel reports the current status of the function Smart Drawing;
clicking on panel it’s possible to choose the tool of drawing or the
operation to perform. See paragraph Smart Drawing.
5
Current station
Name and height of the current station; clicking on panel you
access to the window that allows to change the orientation of the
station. See chapter Station setup.
Visualizes mode of measure. They are available the following
modes of measure:
6
Measuring mode
Direct measure: measure directly to point.
Point polygonal: specifies that the next point
measured is a point of polygonal. The points of
128 - New orientation
polygonal are saved to allow a rapid change of
station.
Offset HA: allows to perform a measure to an
object for which it’s not possible to position the
prism in the point to measure.
Offset VA: allows to perform a measure to a
point not accessible by the prism but finding over
or under it.
Offset Distance: allows to perform a measure to
a point not accessible by the prism but finding to
a certain distance referring to it along the
direction station-prism.
F1/F2: measures the point with the two faces and
performs the average of the measures.
Only HA: measure only the angles of the point.
7
Status of locking of
the prism
(robotic station)
Status of locking of the prism. Clicking on button
it’s opened the window of control of the robotic
total station.
7
Setup station
(mechanic station)
Clicking on panel it appears the window that allows to manage the
parameters of functioning of the mechanic total station.
8
Mode of measure
Visualizes the current mode of measure. They are available three
status:
Standard, Fast, Tracking (continuous measure)
9
Status of the
bubble
Visualizes the status of the bubble; the symbol in red indicates that
he instrument is out of bubble.
10
Graphic area
Graphic view with visualization of the survey and of the drawing.
Clicking twice in the graphic part parte you access to the main CAD
window.
11
Station position
Current position of the station. The red line represents the direction
of orientation, instead the blue line represents the current direction
of the total station.
The requested data for recording of the point are the following:
Field
Point
Name of next point to measure
Code
Code to assign to next point to measure
TPS - Survey of points - 129
In the lower part a toolbar allows to access to a menu of advanced functions and to commands for
measuring points.
Rapid measuring of points
Command
Measuring of current position and direct saving of the point.
Measure-Save
Allows to stop measuring.
Stop
Note. If to the code of the point has been associated a GIS feature it appears a window visualizing the
attributes of the GIS feature that have to be filled in by the operator.
Measuring of points
Command
Measure
Measuring of target. Al completion of the measure it’s possible to decide if
proceeding to record the point; in this phase it’s possible to edit the angle
measured aiming the point on which it wasn’t possible to position the prism.
Allows to stop measuring.
Stop
Saves the measure and proceeds with visualization of data of the point.
Page Data
Point
Name of next point to store
Alt. Antenna
Height of the target
Code
Code associated to the point. See paragraph Survey codes assignment and
Quick codes in chapter dedicated to Survey codes.
Description
Extended description associated to the point
Page Sketch
Deletes the sketch and the photo
Restores original content
Starts application allowing to shoot a photo and save it.
130 - New orientation
Results page
General information about point to register.
Note. If to the code of the point has been associated a GIS feature it appears a window visualizing the
attributes of the GIS feature that have to be filled in by the operator.
Measuring traverse points
Traverse point
With this option activated, the next point measured will be saved as a traverse point; It’s useful so
activating this option before measuring points that will be the next stations.
At the moment to perform the change of station it’s possible to click on panel that reports data of the
current station (name and height); before passing to the window of orientation of the station it’s
requested if you desire to occupy one of the traverse points measured previously. Select the traverse
point that you are occupying: the software passes directly to procedure of orientation of the station on
known point setting the traverse point as station and the previous station as point of orientation.
Note. After the traverse point has been measured, the option Traverse point is deactivated and so it’s
necessary to repeat the setting for the next point of polygonal.
Measuring of points by offset horizontal angle
Offset HA
This mode of measure allows to measure the position of an object when it’s not possible to position the
prism exactly where requested. The prism must be positioned at the side of the object to measure and
it’s then measured normally; afterwards It’s asked to aim the center of the object. It’s recorded a
measure having the angles of the center of the object and the distance measured on prism.
Measuring of points by offset vertical angle
Offset VA
This mode of measure allows to measure the position of an object that is on the vertical of position of
the prism but it’s not reachable by the prism itself. The prism must be positioned on the vertical of the
object to measure it’s then measured normally; afterwards It’s asked to aim the center of the object. It’s
recorded a measure having the vertical angle of the center of the object and the distance measured on
prism.
TPS - Survey of points - 131
Measuring of points by offset in distance
Offset Distance
This mode allows to perform a measure to a point not reachable by the prism but finding itself to a
certain distance referring to it along the direction station-prism.
Position the prism in a visible and measurable position by the total station and then proceed with the
measure; before recording the measure they are requested three offset values:
Measure by offset
Forward/backward
Distance along direction station – prism
Right/left
Lateral offset referring to direction station – prism
Up/down
Slope difference referring to position of the prism
Note. Directions Forward/backward, Right/left have to be considered opposite if you are working in
Remote mode (controller on the pole).
Measuring of points on face 1 and face 2
F1/F2
This mode of measure allows to measure the same point before with face 1 and then with face 2. The
measure recorded is the result of the average of the single measures. If the values of the two measures
are different of more than the preset tolerance, it’s visualized a message of warning.
Measuring of points only with angle
Solo angle
This mode records a measure with only the values of the horizontal and vertical angle. Since it’s missing
the distance the coordinates of the point can’t be calculated and the point can’t be visualized.
132 - Measuring of points by offset in distance
TPS - STAKEOUT
TPS
Stakeout procedures allow to provide to the operator the information in graphic, numeric and vocal
format, to reach a point, an element or in general a particular position. A wide range of options and
operative modes are available.
Before proceeding with stakeout it’s necessary to define with precision the orientation of the station in
order to guarantee the correct matching between surveyed positions and positions to stakeout.
Stakeout information
Information provided by the software during stakeout of a position are quite common and similar in all
modes; whether you are doing stakeout of a point, of an element or of a position by offset, the software
provides indications to reach position to stakeout using a common scheme.
The stakeout window presents some panels on external borders reporting different information
concerning receiver status and allowing to manage the different available functions.
Panel
Title
Description
1
Angles
The panel reports the current horizontal angles of the total
station.
2
Current target
Visualizes the type of current target; clicking on panel it’s
possible to edit the type of target. See paragraph Setting of
type of target.
3
Height of target
Visualizes the current height of the target; clicking on panel it’s
possible to edit the height.
4
Current station
Name and height of current station.
5
Status of locking of the
prism
(robotic station)
5
Setting station
(mechanic station)
Status of locking of the prism. Clicking on button
it’s opened the control window of the robotic
total station.
Clicking on panel it appears the window that allows to manage
parameters of functioning of the mechanic total station.
TPS - STAKEOUT - 133
6
Mode of measure
Visualizes the current mode of measure. They are available
three status:
Standard, Fast, Tracking (continuous measure)
7
Status of the bubble
Visualizes the status of the bubble; the red symbol indicates
that the instrument is out of the bubble.
Graphic area
8
9
Graphic view with visualization of survey and of the drawing.
Station position
Current position of station. The blue line represents the
current direction of the total station.
10
This panel shows the current direction of the total station
referring to direction of the stakeout point. Rotate the station
toward the stakeout position.
In the lower part of the panel it’s reported the distance in
meters, and the difference of angle, between the current
direction and the stakeout point.
10
When it’s performed a measure the panel shows the position
of the target referring to the station and referring to the
stakeout position
In the lower part of the panel it’s reported the distance
between the target and the stakeout position.
10
When you are near the position to reach, inside tolerance
values, the circle becomes green.
11
Numeric indications to reach position. Indications are referred
to the station toward the target or to the target toward the
station.
First value is referred to distance Forward-Backward.
Second value is referred to distance Right-Left.
Third value specifies the elevation difference.
134 - Stakeout information
Note. If it is activated the mode Remote control, and so the controller is on the pole, previous data are
visualized in the opposite side, considering that the operator is looking at the station.
Stakeout tolerance
Reaching of position happens when the distance between current position and the position to reach is
less or the same as Stakeout Tolerance. Stakeout tolerance is set in the Stakeout parameters. From
every stakeout procedure it’s possible to enter in the stakeout parameters and to check tolerance value.
Information referring to Target, to total station, to North or to a reference point
The information provided in the panel on the right are referred to:
Position of the target: from position of the target look with the controller toward the
total station
Total station: from total station look toward the target
North: look with the controller toward north
Reference point: look with the controller toward the reference point
Click on button to change reference.
Graphic and analytic view
To move from analytic to graphic view use buttons
.
Vocal information
The software guides the user with vocal information allowing, most of all when you are far from the
point, to arrive near the point without having to look always on the controller.
A tone tells when is reached, inside preset tolerance limits, the desired position.
To enable and disable vocal information use buttons
.
Common operations in stakeout
All stakeout operations have common operations and functions that are reported below.
Measuring the point
Command
Starts measuring of stakeout point.
Measure
After having reached the stakeout position it’s possible to record the point.
Accept
TPS - STAKEOUT - 135
Command proceeds showing some stakeout data: Hit Next to proceed and complete recording.
Stakeout data are saved and it’s possible to read and export them from window Stakeout report.
The next point to stakeout is automatically proposed by the software.
Note. For further information on accuracy check see the paragraph Accuracy check and Stakeout
Parameters in this chapter.
Stakeout parameters
TPS survey
Stakeout
Field
Description
Distance tolerance
Maximum horizontal distance between current position and position to
reach to consider being on stakeout position; if the distance between
current position and position to reach is lower or equal to tolerance, the
software reports the reaching of stakeout position.
Elevation tolerance
Maximum acceptable difference between current elevation and stakeout
elevation; if the elevation difference is lower or equal to tolerance the
software reports the reaching of the position in elevation.
Vocal info
Activates the vocal information during the stakeout operations.
Confirm before saving
Allows checking the stakeout position before proceeding to saving new point
on position to stakeout. Disabling this option the stakeout point is saved
without any further request.
Reference TPS
Defines the reference referring to which the information to reach the
stakeout position with the total station are provided. The references can be:
Target: the information is provided considering the operator on the
target looking toward the total station.
Total station: the information is provided considering the operator on
the station.
North: the information is provided referring to the North.
Turn toward point
When this option is activated the motorized total station turns automatically
toward the stakeout point just when this is selected.
Hit End to save the modifications.
Turn toward point
Turn toward point
This command starts the automatic rotation of the motorized station toward the direction where it is
the point to stake.
Insertion of a Note
Add Note
136 - Common operations in stakeout
During stakeout it’s possible to add in the field book some notes and sketches that can be helpful when
working on acquired data in the office.
Stakeout of points
The Stakeout of points procedure allows the operator to define, in different modes, the position to
reach and to be guided by the software on the position to reach in the fastest way possible.
STAKEOUT
Points
Select mode
Point from CAD
Select the point to stake directly from graphic window
Point from table
Select the point to stake from list of points
List of points
Allows to create a list of topographic points to stake.
Coordinates
Manual definition of coordinates East, North and Elevation to stake.
Coordinates can be selected from the CAD drawing.
Stakeout of a list of points
It appears a window in which the button Tools allows to execute main operations.
Tools
Load all points
Loads in the list all the topographic points present in the job.
Select from table
Allows to select from the table topographic points to add to the list.
Select from CAD
Allows to select from the graphic window topographic points to add to
the list.
Load list from file
Allows to load the list from a file of points previously created.
Save list to file
Saves the list of points on an external file to be loaded later.
Delete list of points
Deletes content of the list.
Load all points
Loads in the list all the topographic points present in the job.
Selecting a point from the list you can change its position inside the list or delete it from the list. The
icon aside every point identifies if the point has been still staked.
Icon
Point of the list that has been still staked.
TPS - STAKEOUT - 137
Point of the list not yet staked.
Stakeout of coordinates ENZ
Coordinates ENZ
E/N/Z
Coordinates of the position to stake.
Hit Select to define coordinates by selecting on the drawing of the
graphic window.
Stakeout procedure
After having defined position to stake it appears the main stakeout window.
Stakeout of next point
Next
It’s possible to choose the next point to stake in following modes:
Next point to stake
Next
It is selected the next point, according to recording order, to current point.
Previous
It is selected the previous point, according to recording order, to current point.
Nearest
It is selected the nearest point, which hasn’t been yet staked, to current point.
From CAD
Manual selection of the point to stake in the graphic window.
From Table
Manual selection of the point to stake from the table.
Stakeout of lines/arcs/objects
This procedure allows to position with precision along geometric elements as lines, arcs or drawing
elements.
138 - Stakeout of lines/arcs/objects
STAKEOUT
Objects
It’s possible to define the element to stake in different modes.
Reference
Type
Allows to choose mode to define element to stake. Possible options are:
Line (2 points): line defined by two reference topographic points.
Arc (3 points): arc defined by three reference topographic points.
Arc (2 points +R): arc defined by two topographic points and by the radius.
Drawing object: drawing element (line, polyline, arc, circle) to select in the
graphic window.
Stakeout of line by 2 points
Line by 2 points
Point 1
First point of the reference line
Point 2
Second point of the reference line
Stakeout of arc by 3 points
Arc by 3 points
Point 1
First point of the reference arc
Point 2
Second point of the reference arc
Point 3
Third point of the reference arc
Stakeout of arc by 2 points and radius
Arc by 2 points and radius
Point 1
Starting point of the reference arc
Point 2
Ending point of the reference arc
Radius
Radius of the reference arc
Clockwise arc
Direction of the reference arc
Stakeout of CAD element
It’s requested to select from the graphic window the drawing element to stake.
Offset
After defining the stakeout element it’s possible to specify an additional offset, to the right or to the left.
Offset
Offset
Distance to observe referring to reference element
TPS - STAKEOUT - 139
Stakeout procedure
After having defined the element to stake it appears the main stakeout window.
In the lower part is reported the station distance and the current distance referring to the element to
stake.
Information of stakeout
Current position is on the left referring to the reference element.
Current position is on the right referring to the reference element.
Current position is on the reference element.
140 - Stakeout of lines/arcs/objects
Stakeout of lines/arcs/objects by offset
This procedure allows to execute stakeout of a position calculated referring to a station distance and to
an offset distance on a reference element.
STAKEOUT
Station & offset
It’s possible to define the reference element in different modes.
Type
Type
Allows to choose mode to define element to stake. Possible options are:
Line (2 points): line defined by two reference topographic points.
Arc (3 points): arc defined by three reference topographic points.
Arc (2 points +R): arc defined by two topographic points and by the radius.
Drawing object: drawing element (line, polyline, arc, circle) to select in the
graphic window.
Stakeout by offset referring to a line by 2 points
Line by 2 points
Point 1
First point of the reference line
Point 2
Second point of the reference line
Stakeout by offset referring to an arc by 3 points
Arc by 3 points
Point 1
First point of the reference arc
Point 2
Second point of the reference arc
Point 3
Third point of the reference arc
Stakeout by offset referring to an arc by 2 points and radius
Arc by 2 points and radius
Point 1
Starting point of the reference arc
Point 2
Ending point of the reference arc
Radius
Radius of the reference arc
Clockwise arc
Direction of the reference arc
Stakeout by offset referring to a CAD element
It’s requested to select from the graphic window the reference drawing element.
Parameters di offset
Parameters
Station
Distance, on the reference element, at which is the position to reach.
TPS - STAKEOUT - 141
Interval
Distance along the reference element that you want to maintain between the
next stakeout points. The button on the right allows to calculate the interval
dividing the length of the reference element in a defined number of parts.
Offset
Distance referring to reference element; the button aside allows to define if
the desired position is on the right or on the left of the reference element.
Height diff.
Elevation difference to apply to the calculated point; the software interpolates
the elevation on the reference element with the defined station distance. To
the interpolated elevation can be added a slope.
Hit Next to start with stakeout of the calculated position.
Stakeout procedure
After having defined the reference element and the offset parameters it appears the main stakeout
window.
In the lower part is reported the station distance and the offset of the position.
Stakeout of the next point by offset
Next
Comes back to page allowing to define the station distance and the offset on the stakeout element. It is
proposed a station distance increased of the interval value.
Stakeout of surfaces
Volumes
This procedure allows to determinate on field the designed elevation of a three-dimensional surfaced
loaded in current job; for every position the elevation of current position is compared with the elevation
interpolated on surface and is calculated the difference of elevation. The surfaces stakeout can be used
for:


Stakeout on field of a planned surface
Quality check to test the correspondence between the built and the plan.
142 - Stakeout of surfaces
STAKEOUT
Surfaces
Select surface to stake among the ones loaded in the job.
The side panel visualizes in real time the difference of elevation between current position and the
elevation interpolated on the surface.
Stakeout report
All the stakeout data, both related to stakeout of points, both to stakeout of elements, are recorded in
the job. This command allows their reading and exporting in a file with CSV extension that can be
opened also with software as Microsoft Excel.
STAKEOUT
Report
A table present the list of all the stakeout points with differences, in distances and elevations, between
the design coordinate and the stakeout coordinate.
Hit button Export to create a file, in CSV or XML format, with all stakeout data of every point.
TPS - STAKEOUT - 143
TPS - Monitoring
Monitor
TPS
Monitoring module allows to check in real time, basing on defined parameters, movements of slopes,
dams, constructions, bridges and other structures.
The monitoring comes measuring reference points from which it’s checked the position of the station
and calculated a scale factor for the correction of the distances measured after changing of
environmental factors (temperature, pressure). It follows after an automatic measure of monitoring
points.
At the end of measuring session it’s automatically generated a report where, for every point to monitor,
it’s possible to visualize the deviations measured in different sessions and for every session it’s possible
to visualize deviations in different points.
The problems found during monitoring can be notified by e-mail or SMS.
Monitoring flow
To perform a correct monitoring procedure (manual or automatic), follow these steps:
1. Define control points.
2. Set the station orientation basing on defined control points.
3. Measure monitoring points.
4. Start monitoring procedure.
Control points
The control points, are points needed to re-calculate the position of the station to every monitoring
session.
MONITORING
Control points
Inserting a new check point
Points can be inserted manually or from direct measures.
MONITORING
144 - Monitoring flow
Control points
Points can be enabled or not to monitoring procedure. To activate or deactivate a point, it’s sufficient
clicking on icon indicating the point.
Control point not enabled to monitoring.
Control point enabled to monitoring.
Monitoring points
Monitoring points, are the points that will be measured and checked during the monitoring session.
MONITORING
Monitoring points
Insert a new monitoring point
Inserting of the monitoring point comes through direct measuring of point and can be made after having
set the station orientation.
MONITORING
Monitoring points
Points can be enabled or not to monitoring procedure. To activate or deactivate a point, it’s sufficient
clicking on icon indicating the point.
Monitoring point not enabled to monitoring.
Monitoring point enabled to monitoring.
TPS - Monitoring - 145
Station orientation
This procedure allows to set manually the orientation of the station.
MONITORING
Station setup
Setup of the station orientation comes through a guided procedure requesting following data:
1. Orientation modes.
2. Station Data.
3. Measuring of reference points.
Orientation mode
Orientation mode to indicate is Free station, where position and orientation of the station are
determined by measuring of at least two reference points with known coordinates.
Station Data
Defining of the orientation of the station, requests to indicate following data:
Station
Name of the station.
Instr. height
Height of the instrument.
Code
Survey code.
Measuring reference points
In this phase, the guided procedure, asks to specify the first reference point and to perform the
corresponding measuring; it’s possible to type the name of the reference point or select it from table of
points, from table of checkpoints. Aim the selected reference point and hit Measure.
It’s then asked to perform the same operation for the second reference point.
Points measured are reported in a table with calculated deviations in correspondence of every point and
the total standard deviation on calculation of the station position.
Hit New point to add a measure of other reference points to improve the quality of calculation and for a
better check of data.
If deviations and standard deviations are acceptable Hit Accept orientation to complete procedure.
Note. During automatic monitoring, the orientation of the station is automatically calculated basing on
inserted checkpoints.
146 - Station orientation
Monitoring Automatic
MONITORING
Monitoring auto
At intervals of time defined by the user it’s activated the connection to the station and commanded the
measure of reference points from which it’s checked the position of the station and calculated a scale
factor for the correction of distances measured after changing of environmental factors (temperature,
pressure). It follows then the automatic measuring of the points to monitor; at the end of measuring
session it’s automatically generated a report that can be sent by e-mail or saved on an FTP area.
The problems found during monitoring (points not measured, movements over the tolerance, etc.) can
be notified by e-mail or SMS.
Command
Start
monitoring
Starts the monitoring automatic procedure basing on defined parameters.
Stop
monitoring
Stops the monitoring procedure.
Monitoring single (manual)
MONITORING
Monitoring single
Monitoring of points can be also controlled by the operator; the operations performed by the software
are exactly the same of monitoring automatic but starting of procedure it’s performed by the operator
that occasionally goes on site, positions the station and starts the monitoring procedure.
Command
Starts the monitoring session.
Measure
Stops the monitoring procedure.
Stop
Note. During manual monitoring, they aren’t sent notifications.
Report
This command, allows seeing results of monitoring sessions. For every point it’s possible to visualize the
deviations measured in different sessions and for every session it’s possible to visualize the deviations in
different points.
TPS - Monitoring - 147
MONITORING
Report
Report Points
For every point they are indicated the deviations of different sessions and the different traffic lights
identify if deviations are inside the tolerance or not.
Report sessions
For every session they are indicated the points to monitor with deviations and the different traffic lights
identify if deviations are inside the tolerance or not.
Exporting and sharing Report
The Report can be exported and shared in every moment, by e-mail, Bluetooth, etc. in formats CSV, XML
compatible with MS-Excel and in format ASCII.
MONITORING
Report
Activity log
The procedure allows to visualize all the operations performed during the sessions of monitoring in
chronological way.
MONITORING
148 - Activity log
Activity log
The operations visualized in the log are distinguished by type.
Type di messaggi
Information
Attention
Error
They are the different operations performed during monitoring and executed
without problems.
They identify eventual problems as for example the calculation of the new
position of the station.
They identify the errors that have come during monitoring.
For example it’s not possible connecting with the instrument.
Commands
Updates the activity log.
Update
Shares the activity log in every moment, by e-mail, Bluetooth, etc.
Share
Settings
The monitoring procedure is subjected to several parameters and options that are fully customizable by
the user.
MONITORING
Setup
TPS - Monitoring - 149
The monitoring settings, are organized in pages.
TPS – Tolerance page
Tolerance distance
Maximum horizontal distance between current position and the position of
the point to measure; if the distance between the current position and the
position measured is more than the tolerance, the software notifies the
overrun.
Tolerance elevation
Maximum acceptable difference between the current elevation and the
elevation of the point to measure; if the difference of elevation is more
than the tolerance, the software notifies the overrun.
TPS – Measures page
Face1 & Face2
Enables measuring of points (check, to monitor), in face1 and face2.
Measures per point
Number of measures to perform per point.
Frequency of measuring
Frequency of starting of monitoring sessions:
 Never: monitoring procedure is never executed
 Every hour
 Every 2 hours
 Every 4 hours
 Every 6 hours
 Every 8 hours
 1 time per day
 2 times per day
Reference time
Reference time of starting of monitoring session.
Example:
Reference time: 8:00
Frequency of sending data: Every hour
The monitoring sessions will start from 8:00 o’clock hourly (9:00, 10:00,
etc.)
SEND DATA page –report data format
Format
It’s possible to set the formats of exportation of monitoring results; the
software automatically generates and sends to destinations (e-mail, FTP)
the files of the reports.
SEND DATA page – Notification e-mail
150 - Settings
Notification e-mail
Activates the possibility to send to an e-mail box the monitoring
notifications.
e-mail
E-mail box for sending of monitoring notifications.
Attach data
Activates the possibility to attach to the notification e-mail, the PostProcessing file downloaded during the monitoring session.
SEND DATA page – Server FTP1/FTP2
Use the FTP server
Activates the possibility to post, in an FTP area, the Post-processing files.
Host
Address of the FTP server.
UserID
User of login to FTP server.
Password
Password of login to FTP server.
Check connection
Hitting the button Check connection, it’s possible to check if parameters of
the FTP server are correct.
SEND DATA page –SMS alarms
Use SMS alarms
Activates the possibility to send notifications by SMS to indicated telephone
numbers.
Number
Telephone number to which sending notifications of eventual problems
found during the monitoring sessions.
The numbers can be more than one, it’s sufficient separating them with
character “;”.
Example: 3331234567;3318901234
ACTVITY LOG page
Send data rate
Frequency of sending of the monitoring activity log to a certain e-mail box.
Frequency of sending:
 Never: activity log is never sent
 After each session: at the end of every session it will be sent an e-mail
with the activity log.
 1 time per day: the activity log will be sent only one time per day at
12:00 o’clock.
e-mail
E-mail box for sending of monitoring activity logs.
SMTP page
Name
Name of server SMTP for sending of e-mail.
Example account Google SMTP server: smtp.gmail.com
UserID
User of login to FTP server.
Password
Password of login to FTP server.
TPS - Monitoring - 151
COGO
COGO commands allow, both to create new points according to different methods, both to have
information related to positions of the points as distances, angles etc., even referring to the current
position of the receiver.
Inverse
Inverse calculates the distance, and other information, between a reference element and a base point
or between a reference element and current position. The reference element can be another point, a
line, an arc or a drawing element.
COGO
Inverse
Calculation method
Reference object
Specify the reference element referring to which to execute calculation
of the distance and of the other information. The reference element
can be:
- Point: distance between a base point and a reference point or
between current position and the reference point.
- Line (2 points): distance between a base point, or the current
position, and a line passing by two points
- Arc (3 points): distance between a base point, or current position,
and an arc passing by three points
- Arc (2 points+R): distance between a base point, or current
position, and an arc passing by two points with known radius
- Drawing object: distance between a base point, or current
position, and a drawing element to select in the graphic window
Antenna height
Receiver antenna height; the field is shown if the option Current
position is enabled.
Inverse referring to a point
Calculation parameters
Point 1
Reference point; it’s calculated the distance between the base point
and the reference point or between current position and the reference
point.
Hit Next to execute calculation; it’s shown the distance and other values calculated in real time basing
on the position of the receiver.
Inverse referring to a line by 2 points
Calculation parameters
152 - Inverse
Point 1
First point of the reference line
Point 2
Second point of the reference line
Hit Next to execute calculation; it’s shown the distance and other values calculated in real time basing
on the position of the receiver.
Activates creation of a point on the projection of the base point, or of the current
position, on the reference line.
Activates stakeout procedure of the calculated position on the projection of the base
point, or of the current position, on the reference line.
Inverse referring to an arc by 3 points
Calculation parameters
Point 1
First point of the reference arc
Point 2
Second point of the reference arc
Point 3
Third point of the reference arc
Hit Next to execute calculation; it’s shown the distance and other values calculated in real time basing
on the position of the receiver.
Activates creation of a point on the projection of the base point, or of the current
position, on the reference arc.
Activates stakeout procedure of the calculated position on the projection of the base
point, or of the current position, on the reference arc.
Inverse referring to an arc by 2 points and radius
Calculation parameters
Point 1
Starting point of the reference arc
Point 2
Ending point of the reference arc
Radius
Radius of the reference arc
Clockwise arc
Direction of the reference arc
Hit Next to execute calculation; it’s shown the distance and other values calculated in real time basing
on the position of the receiver.
Activates creation of a point on the projection of the base point, or of the current
position, on the reference arc.
Activates stakeout procedure of the calculated position on the projection of the base
point, or of the current position, on the reference arc.
Inverse referring to a CAD element
It’s requested to select from the graphic window the reference drawing element referring to which to
calculate distance from the base point or from current position.
Hit Next to execute calculation; it’s shown the distance and other values calculated in real time basing
on the position of the receiver.
COGO - 153
Activates creation of a point on the projection of the base point, or of the current
position, on the reference element.
Activates stakeout procedure of the calculated position on the projection of the base
point, or of the current position, on the reference element.
Distance & Offset
Distance & offset calculates coordinates of a point along a reference element and at a certain distance
from it.
COGO
Distance & Offset
Reference
Reference
Select the reference element among following options:
- Line (2 points): line passing by 2 points
- Arc (3 points): arc passing by 3 points
- Arc (2 points+R): arc passing by 2 points with known radius
- Drawing element: drawing element to select in the graphic
window
Distance & offset – Line (2 points)
Point 1
First point of the reference line
Point 2
Second point of the reference line
Distance & offset – Arc (3 points)
Point 1
First point of the reference arc
Point 2
Second point of the reference arc
Point 3
Third point of the reference arc
Distance & offset – Arc (2 points + R)
Point 1
Starting point of the reference arc
Point 2
Ending point of the reference arc
Radius
Radius of the reference arc
Clockwise arc
Direction of the reference arc
Distance & offset – Drawing element
Select from the graphic window the reference drawing element.
Hit Next to proceed with the guided procedure.
154 - Distance & Offset
Parameters
Distance along
Distance on which to position the point along the reference element
Offset on right
Lateral distance at which to position the point referring to the
reference element
Offset direction
Position, right or left, of the point referring to reference element
Height diff.
Height difference to apply to the interpolated elevation of the point
Hit Next to proceed with calculation of the position of the point; the coordinates of the point and a
graphic preview of the position are shown.
Activates creation of the calculated point.
Activates stakeout procedure of the calculated position.
Intersection
Intersection calculates coordinates of a point on the intersection between straight lines and
circumferences definable in different ways.
COGO
Intersection
Method
Method
Select the method to use for intersection calculation:
- Double distance: the intersection position is calculated basing on
the two distances referring to two reference points
- Distance and azimuth: the intersection position is calculated
basing on the distance from a reference point and along a straight
line passing by the second reference point
- Double azimuth: the intersection position is calculated on the
intersection of two straight lines passing by two reference points
- 4 points: the intersection position is calculated on the intersection
of two straight lines passing by four reference points
Intersection Double distance
The intersection position is calculated basing on the two distances referring to two reference points.
Intersection – First point
Point 1
First reference point
Distance 1
Distance from first reference point
Hit Next to proceed with the guided procedure.
COGO - 155
Intersection – Second point
Point 2
Second reference point
Distance 2
Distance from second reference point
Hit Next to proceed with calculation of the position of the point; the two possible solutions are shown:
select on the graphic window the desired solution.
Activates creation of the calculated point.
Activates stakeout procedure of the calculated position.
Intersection Distance and azimuth
The intersection position is calculated basing on the distance from a reference point and along a straight
line passing by the second reference point.
Intersection – First point
Point 1
First reference point
Distance 1
Distance from first reference point
Hit Next to proceed with the guided procedure.
Intersection – Second point
Point 2
Second reference point
Azimuth
Azimuth of the straight line passing by the point
Offset
Offset distance referring to the straight line passing by the point
Offset direction
Offset direction, right or left, referring to the straight line passing by
the point
Hit Next to proceed with calculation of the position of the point; the two possible solutions are shown:
select on the graphic window the desired solution.
Activates creation of the calculated point.
Activates stakeout procedure of the calculated position.
Intersection double azimuth
Intersection – First point
Point 1
First reference point
Azimuth
Azimuth of the straight line passing by the point
Offset
Offset distance referring to the straight line passing by the point
156 - Intersection
Offset direction, right or left, referring to the straight line passing by
the point
Offset direction
Hit Next to proceed with the guided procedure.
Intersection – Second point
Point 2
Second reference point
Azimuth
Azimuth of the straight line passing by the point
Offset
Offset distance referring to the straight line passing by the point
Offset direction
Offset direction, right or left, referring to the straight line passing by
the point
Hit Next to proceed with calculation of the position of the point; the coordinates of the calculated point
are shown.
Activates creation of the calculated point.
Activates stakeout procedure of the calculated position.
Intersection 4 points
Intersection – First point
Point 1
First reference point of the first straight line
Point 2
Second reference point of the first straight line
Offset
Offset distance referring to the straight line passing by the two points
Offset direction
Offset direction, right or left, referring to the straight line passing by
the two points
Hit Next to proceed with the guided procedure.
Intersection – Second point
Point 1
First reference point of the second straight line
Point 2
Second reference point of the second straight line
Offset
Offset distance referring to the straight line passing by the two points
Offset direction
Offset direction, right or left, referring to the straight line passing by
the two points
Hit Next to proceed with calculation of the position of the point; the coordinates of the calculated point
are shown.
Activates creation of the calculated point.
COGO - 157
Activates stakeout procedure of the calculated position.
Area subdivision
The command is able to execute a subdivision of area on a surface defined by a polyline, by a parcel or
by a sequence of points. The subdivision line can be parallel or perpendicular to two reference points.
COGO
Area subdivision
Element to divide
Contour of area
Select the contour defining the area to subdivide.
Hit Next to proceed with the guided procedure.
Dividing line
Method
Specify position of the division line referring to the reference points:
- Parallel to 2 points: the division line will be parallel to reference
points.
- Perpendicular to 2 points: the division line will be perpendicular to
reference points.
Point 1 and Point 2
Reference points referring to which to calculate the position of the
division line.
Select area to subdivide
Select, in the graphic preview, the area referring to which to calculate
the area to subdivide.
Hit Next to proceed with the guided procedure.
Subdivision – Area to divide
Type of area
Mode with which to define value of the area to subdivide:
- Value: value of the area to subdivide.
- % Percentage: value in percentage of the area to subdivide.
Total area
Area of the defined surface.
Area (value)
Value of the area to subdivide.
Area (%)
Value in percentage of the area to subdivide.
Hit Next to view the position of the crossing points: select on the graphic window the crossing point to
record or to use for stakeout.
Activates creation of the calculated point.
Activates stakeout procedure of the calculated position.
158 - Area subdivision
Volumes and surfaces
Volumes
The Volumes module allows the calculation of material movement according to different modes and
considering a triangular three-dimensional surface built starting from points present in the archive or
imported from different formats.
Surfaces
The surface is the necessary element to proceed with the volumes calculation; it’s possible to create and
manage different surfaces inside the same job archive.
The surface can be calculated automatically by the software basing on the points present in the archive
and on the defined breaklines. The surface can be also created and modified manually allowing, this
way, to obtain a result the most similar to the real surface improving the calculation results.
The surfaces can be represented in different ways: only with lines, with shading, with color basing on
the elevation, with contour lines.
VOLUMES & SURFACES
Surfaces
The table reports the list of all the surfaces present in the archive. For every surface are reported the
minimum and maximum elevation, the 2D surface and the 3D surface.
Creating a surface
Properties
Name
Name to assign to the surface
Style
Representation style of the surface; the available styles are:
Wireframe: are drawn the segments of the triangles composing the
surface
Shade: the faces of the triangles are colored basing on the direction of
light exposure
Color
Color to use to represent the surface:
Original: it’s used the color of the layer containing the triangles.
By elevation: the faces are colored basing on the elevation of the center
of gravity; the color scale starts from green, passes through yellow and
ends with red.
Surface: it’s used a color that can be chosen in the field Surface color.
Surface color
Color to use to represent the surface if the option Color from surface is
chosen.
Points and lines
Manual triangulation
Activate this option to build manually the triangles composing the surface.
Volumes and surfaces - 159
Points
In case of automatic building it’s necessary to specify the set of points to use.
Press the button on the right of the input field to access the list of points or to
a menu allowing to select points.
Options are the following:
Load all points: all points present in the archive are used to calculate the
surface.
Select from table: it’s possible to select points from the points table.
Select from CAD: allows to select points from the graphic window. The
table reports the list of points to use. To delete a point select the
corresponding line and press Delete.
Breaklines
To check the shape of the surface it’s possible to specify some breaklines; the
breaklines have to be previously inserted, as polylines, in the graphic window.
Press the button on the right of the input field to access to a menu allowing to:
Select from CAD: select breaklines from the graphic window
Clear all: delete the previously selected breaklines.
Contours
To border the surface it’s possible to specify some contour lines; the contour
lines must have been previously inserted, as polylines, in the graphic window.
Hit button in the right of the input field to access to a menu that allows to:
Select from CAD: select the contour lines from graphic window
Delete all: delete the previously selected contour lines.
Hit Calculate to proceed to calculation of the surface. At the end of calculation
the surface is visualized inside a specific graphic viewer.
If it has been activated the option Manual Triang. no calculation is performed
but it is activated the graphic viewer that reports the points present in the
archive; use the commands of the viewer to build and modify the surface.
Surfaces editing
To edit the shape of the triangles composing a surface select the corresponding line in the list of
surfaces and press the View button. The commands of the graphic viewer allow to edit the surface.
Command
Allows to edit parameters of the visualization of the surface.
Setup
New
Allows to build a new triangle; it’s requested to indicate the three points
composing the triangle.
Exchange the direction of the faces of two triangles having a common side.
Swap
Allows to select triangles to delete.
Delete
Visualization of surface on Google Map
160 - Surfaces
To visualize the surface on Google Map it’s necessary to define a coordinate system allowing the
transformation of the coordinates in the system WGS84 used by Google Map.
Visualization of surface in 3D
Command
Allows to modify parameters of visualization of the surface.
Setup
Allows to select one of the preset views.
Views
Surface visualization parameters
To edit the visualization parameters of a surface select the corresponding line in the list of the surfaces
and press the Properties button.
Properties
Name
Name of the surface
Style
Representation style of the surface; the available styles are:
Wireframe: are drawn the segments of the triangles composing the
surface
Shade: the faces of the triangles are colored basing on the direction of
light exposure
Color
Color to use to represent the surface:
Original: it’s used the color of the layer containing the triangles.
By elevation: the faces are colored basing on the elevation of the center
of gravity; the color scale starts from green, passes through yellow and
ends with red.
Surface: it’s used a color that can be chosen in the field Surface color.
Surface color
Color to use to represent the surface if the option Color from surface is
chosen.
Contour lines
Contour lines
Activates the visualization of the contour lines of the surface.
Contour step
Contour step to use to draw the contour lines.
Contour color
Color to use to draw the contour lines.
Deleting a surface
To delete a surface select the corresponding line in the list of the surfaces and press the Delete button.
Volumes and surfaces - 161
Performing the stakeout of a surface
From window listing surfaces it’s possible to pass directly to procedure of stakeout; the procedure of
stakeout of surfaces allows to determinate, in every position, the difference of elevation between the
existing ground and the surface planned.
To pass to procedure of stakeout select the line of surface to stake and select the item Stakeout.
Surfaces importing
It’s possible to import still defined surfaces from files in DXF or LandXML format. Press Tools button and
select the format to use to import. Select then the file to import; the surface is reported in the table.
Viewing the surfaces in the CAD
In the main graphic window it’s possible to manage the visualization of the surfaces present in the
archive.
The appearing table reports the list of the present surfaces; to show or hide a surface click on the
symbol
or on
.
Always from the table it’s possible to modify visualization parameters or to pass to stakeout procedures.
Volume calculation
It’s possible to perform several volumes calculations and maintain the obtained results both as
calculated values both as graphic representation also.
VOLUMES & SURFACES
Volumes
The table reports the list of all calculated volumes. For every calculated volume are reported
information as the type of calculation used and the volumes of cut and fill.
Volume referring to a reference elevation
This mode allows to obtain the volume existing between a reference surface and an horizontal plane to
an established elevation.
Reference elevation
Volume calculation
Reference elevation
162 - Volume calculation
Reference elevation referring to which to execute the volume calculation
Volume referring to a reference point
This mode allows to obtain the existing volume between a reference surface and an horizontal plane at
an established elevation by a reference point.
Reference point
Volume calculation
Point of the archive referring to the elevation of which to execute the volume
calculation
Reference point
Volume of a stockpile/pit
This mode allows to calculate the volume of a stockpile or of a pit; the software calculates referring to
the reference surface, a second surface considering only the points present in the perimeter of the
reference surface. It’s then determined the volume present between the reference surface and a second
surface representing the bottom, in case of stockpile, or representing the “top”, in case of pit.
Stockpile/pit
Volume referring to a reference plane
This mode allows to calculate the volume between a reference surface and a plane passing by three
points.
Reference plane
Volume calculation
Point 1
First reference point referring to which to calculate the project plane
Point 2
Second reference point referring to which to calculate the project plane
Point 3
Third reference point referring to which to calculate the project plane
Press Next to proceed in the guided procedure.
Calculation parameters
After having selected the type of calculation and set the corresponding parameters are requested the
following data:
Volume calculation
Name
Name to assign to elaboration
Cut swell factor
Expansion factor for the cut volumes. The expansion factor can be inserted
manually or chosen from a list of preset materials.
Calculate weight
Activates the calculation of the weight of the material excavated and filled
considering the specific weight
Volumes and surfaces - 163
Weight (t/m3)
Specific weight in tons per cubic meter. The specific weight can be inserted
manually or chosen from a list of preset materials.
It’s proposed the list of surfaces present in the archive; select the surface
reference referring to which performing the volume calculation.
At the end of the calculation all results are reported both concerning volumes both concerning cut and
fill surfaces.
Press View to access to graphic visualization of calculated volumes; in the graphic visualization the color
of triangles depends on the elevation difference in cut and fill; it’s applied a gradation of color starting
with red for the maximum excavation zones, passing by the yellow for the zones with no excavation nor
filling, and ends with green for the zones of maximum filling.
Viewing calculated data
To access to the information of an elaboration, and to graphic visualization select Details item.
Calculated data
Details
Detailed list of data of the elaboration
View
Graphic visualization of the elaboration; areas in red are referred to a pit zone
instead areas in green are referred to a zone of stockpile.
Deleting a calculated volume
To delete an elaboration select the corresponding line in the list of volumes and select Delete item.
164 - Volume calculation
Data import
Import procedures allow to load points, drawings and other information from files in several format
types. Files to import can be present in device folders or on servers Cloud.
Importing from file in AutoCAD DXF format
A DXF file containing drawing information and points can be loaded in the current job.
JOB
Import data
AutoCAD DXF
Select DXF file to load; several different import options regarding topographic points are proposed:
Import DXF
Drawing points
Activates import of drawing points (POINT entity) as topographic points.
Blocks
Activates import of block reference (INSERT entity) as topographic points.
Recognize name
Activates automatic recognition of the name of the point through research
of a text near the point; for every point to import the software checks if it
exists a text near the position of the point; the text eventually found is
identified as the name of the point. So it’s possible to import points from
drawings in DXF format maintaining the original name of the point.
Object vertexes
Activates automatic creation of topographic points on objects vertexes.
Start name
Nome to assign to the first point that will be imported.
Importing from file in ASCII format
It’s possible to import a file of points in text format as topographic points or reference points. Import
parameters can be saved in a scheme which can be loaded directly in next import and export
procedures.
JOB
Import data
Text file (ASCII)
Select the text file to load; import options are the following:
Parameters
Data
Select if you want to load the points as topographic points or as
reference points.
Scheme
The actually available import schemes are proposed; select a scheme or
select * Customized * to create your own scheme.
Separator character
Character separating content of the fields.
Heading rows
Number of rows composing heading of the file and which will therefore
not be imported.
Data import - 165
The table reports the list of the fields that can be imported; if it has been selected the scheme * Custom
* it’s possible to select fields to import and change the order of importing of a field using buttons.
Fields
Select fields to import
Move up selected field
Move down selected field
A preview of importing result is visualized.
Save scheme
Save scheme
If it has been selected the * Customized * scheme it’s possible to save settings
in a scheme.
Name scheme
Name of the scheme to create
Start import procedure
Note. Import/export schemes are saved in files with PSC extension in Schemes folder of the software.
Importing from files in GSI format
It’s possible to import a file of points in GSI format.
JOB
Import data
GSI format
Select the GSI file to load; specify if to import data as topographic points or as reference points
Importing from files in LandXML format
It’s possible to import a file of points in LandXML format.
JOB
Import data
LandXML format
Select the LandMXL file to load.
Importing from files in ESRI Shape format
It’s possible to import a file in format ESRI Shape; they can be imported points, polylines and polygons.
166 - Importing from files in GSI format
JOB
Import data
ESRI Shape format
Select Shape file to load.
Importing a raster map
Allows to import a map in raster format; if the file of the image comes with the Word file they are
visualized positioning parameters allowing to visualize the image in the correct position and dimension.
JOB
Import data
Raster image
Select the folder and the file of the image to load.
Position and scale
Top-left corner
Coordinates of the top-left corner of the image
Scale map 1:
Scale with which the image is acquired
Map width
Width of the map in real coordinates
Map height
Height of the map in real coordinates
The image is visualized in the graphic window of the CAD.
- 167
Export & share data
Export procedures allow to export points, drawings and other information on files in several format
types to be used on other applications. It’s possible exporting, sharing and open directly the files
generated;
Export & share
Device/Cloud
The file it’s exported on the controller or it’s saved on Cloud platforms; if
it’s saved on controller it’s requested to indicate the folder in which to save
the file.
Sharing
The file can be sent to other users in different ways:
E-mail
Bluetooth
WiFi
Other modes available on controller
Open with
For some file it’s possible proceeding opening and visualizing directly with
apps available on controller.
Exporting on file in AutoCAD DXF format
The points of the job and the drawing can be exported in AutoCAD DXF format.
JOB
Export & share
AutoCAD DXF
Points
Export points
Activates exporting of the topographic points.
Label size
Size of the texts of the labels of the topographic points.
As blocks
Activates exporting of the topographic points as AutoCAD blocks with
attributes.
Other
Export drawing
Activates exporting of the drawing of the job.
Export 3D
Activates exporting of data with elevation.
Exporting on file in ASCII format
It’s possible to export topographic points, reference points and TPS measures in ASCII customizable
format. Export parameters can be saved in a scheme which can be loaded directly in next import and
export procedures.
JOB
Export & share
168 - Exporting on file in AutoCAD DXF format
Text file (ASCII)
Parameters
Data
Select type of data to export:
 Topographic points
 Reference points
 Measures GPS
 Measures TPS
Scheme
The actually available export schemes are proposed; select a scheme or
select * Customized * to create your own scheme.
Separator character
Character separating content of the fields.
Heading row
Activates exporting of a heading row containing the name of the fields.
The table reports the list of fields that can be exported; if it has been selected the scheme * Customized
* it’s possible selecting the fields to export and change the order of exportation of a field using buttons.
Fields
Select fields to export
Move up selected field
Move down selected field
A preview of exporting result is visualized.
Save scheme
Save scheme
If it has been selected the * Customized * scheme it’s possible to save
settings in a scheme.
Name scheme
Name of the scheme to create
Start procedure of exporting
Note Import/export schemes are saved in files with PSC extension in Schemes folder of the software.
Exporting on file in GSI format
It’s possible to export topographic points, reference points and TPS measures in GSI format.
JOB
Export & share
GSI format
Parameters
Data
Select type of data to export:
 Topographic points
 Reference points
Export & share data - 169
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Measures GPS
Measures TPS
Export attributes
Activating this option the code of the point is exported as attribute of GSI
format
Separator
Separator used for composed codes; in the code of the point it’s possible
to save more single codes separated by a character as point, comma,
space or other. During exportation of attributes the complete code is
divided in sub-codes basing on separation character used.
Unite attributes
Activating this option the single codes composing the complete code are
exported as a single code; the separation character is not considered.
Hit Export to start exportation.
Exporting on file in LandXML format
It’s possible exporting topographic points and reference points in LandXML format.
JOB
Export & share
LandXML Format
Exporting on file in Google Earth KML format
It’s possible exporting topographic points and reference points in KML format for Google Earth.
JOB
Export & share
Google Earth KML
If Google Earth is installed in your device it’s also possible opening and visualizing the content of the file.
Exporting on file in STAR*NET format
It’s possible exporting the TPS measures in STAR*NET format.
JOB
Export & share
STAR*NET Format
Exporting measures
There is no explicit function to export measures acquired on the field due to information non –
uniformity existing among GPS measures, hidden points measures, total station measures etc.
However, every time a job is closed, it is created automatically the XPAD RAW file; the RAW file is a text
file reporting the main settings of the job, the coordinates of the points and the chronologic list of the
measures acquired with all the available information.
To use measures and survey data with third party software we suggest using the RAW file.
For further information about RAW file XPAD format please refer to corresponding guide.
170 - Exporting on file in LandXML format
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