Sun Java[TM] System Identity Manager 7.1 Administration - Oracle

Sun Java[TM] System Identity Manager 7.1 Administration - Oracle
Sun Javaв„ў System
Identity Manager 7.1
Administration
Sun Microsystems, Inc.
4150 Network Circle
Santa Clara, CA 95054
U.S.A.
Part No: 820-0816-10
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TOUTE GARANTIE IMPLICITE RELATIVE A LA QUALITE MARCHANDE, A L'APTITUDE A UNE UTILISATION PARTICULIERE OU A
L'ABSENCE DE CONTREFACON.
Contents
List of Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Who Should Use This Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Before You Read This Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Conventions Used in This Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Typographic Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Related Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Books in This Documentation Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessing Sun Resources Online . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contacting Sun Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Related Third-Party Web Site References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sun Welcomes Your Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 1 Identity Manager Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Big Picture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Goals of the Identity Manager System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defining User Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
User Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delegating Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identity Manager Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
User Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Roles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resources and Resource Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Organizations and Virtual Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Directory Junctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Admin Roles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audit Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Object Relationships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 2 Getting Started with Identity Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identity Manager Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identity Manager Administrator Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Administrator Interface Logon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identity Manager User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Customizing the User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identity Manager IDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Help and Guidance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identity Manager Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finding Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Search Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advanced Query Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identity Manager Guidance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Logging In to Identity Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Forgotten User ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identity Manager Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Where to Go from Here . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 3 User and Account Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About User Account Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delegations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Accounts Area of the Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Actions Lists in the Accounts Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Searching in the Accounts List Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
User Account Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with User Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create (New Actions List, New User Selection) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Edit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Move Users (User Actions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rename (User Actions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Disable Users (User Actions, Organization Actions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Enable Users (User Actions, Organization Actions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Update Users (User Actions, Organization Actions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Unlock Users (User Actions, Organization Actions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Deletion (User Actions, Organization Actions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Finding Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Bulk Account Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Launching Bulk Account Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Using Action Lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Bulk Action View Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Working with User Account Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Changing User Account Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Resetting User Account Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Password Expiration on Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Managing Account Security and Privileges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Setting Password Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Creating a Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Dictionary Policy Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Password History Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Must Not Contain Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Must Not Contain Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Implementing Password Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
User Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Personalized Authentication Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Bypassing the Change Password Challenge after Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Assigning Administrative Privileges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
User Self-Discovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Enabling Self-Discovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Correlation and Confirmation Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Correlation Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Confirmation Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Anonymous Enrollment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Enabling Anonymous Enrollment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Configuring Anonymous Enrollment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
User Enrollment Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Chapter 4 Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Understanding and Managing Roles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What are Roles? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating Roles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing Assigned Resource Attribute Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Managing Roles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Renaming Roles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchronizing Identity Manager Roles and Resource Roles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Identity Manager Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What are Resources? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Resources Area in the Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Managing the Resources List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Managing Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with Account Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resource Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Global Resource Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting additional Timeout values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bulk Resource Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identity Manager ChangeLogs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What are ChangeLogs? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ChangeLogs and Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ChangeLogs Feature Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring ChangeLogs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ChangeLog Policies Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ChangeLogs Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Saving ChangeLog Configuration Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating and Editing ChangeLog Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating and Editing ChangeLogs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example: Define Identity Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example: Configure the ChangeLog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CSV File Format in ChangeLogs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Columns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Text Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Binary Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multi-Text Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multi-Binary Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Formatting Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ChangeLog Filenames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Rotations and Sequences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Writing ChangeLog Scripts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Identity Attributes and Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with Identity Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding and Editing Identity Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding Target Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing Target Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Importing Identity Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Identity Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Identity Manager Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What are Policies? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Must Not Contain Attributes in Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dictionary Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Dictionary Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Implementing the Dictionary Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Customizing Email Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing an Email Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HTML and Links in Email Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Allowable Variables in the Email Body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Audit Groups and Audit Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing Events in the Audit Configuration Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding Events to the Audit Configuration Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remedy Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Identity Manager Server Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reconciler Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scheduler Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Email Template Server Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
JMX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing Default Server Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 5 Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Understanding Identity Manager Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delegated Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating Administrators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Filtering Administrator Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing Administrator Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Challenging Administrator Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing Answers to Authentication Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Customizing Administrator Name Display in the Administrator Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Understanding Identity Manager Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assigning Users to Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Key Definitions and Inclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assigning Organization Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Understanding Directory Junctions and Virtual Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Up Directory Junctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Refreshing Virtual Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deleting Virtual Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Understanding and Managing Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capabilities Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Working with Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create a Capability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Edit a Capability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Save and Rename a Capability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assigning Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capabilities Hierarchy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Capabilities Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Understanding and Managing Admin Roles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Admin Role Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The User Admin Role . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating and Editing Admin Roles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scope of Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assigning Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assigning User Forms to an Admin Role . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Managing Work Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Work Item Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working With Work Item Requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing Work Item History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delegating Work Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audit Log Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing Current Delegations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing Previous Delegations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating Delegations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ending Delegations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Account Approvals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Up Approvers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Signing Approvals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Signing Subsequent Approvals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Digitally Signed Approvals and Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Server-Side Configuration for Signed Approvals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Client-Side Configuration for Signed Approvals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing the Transaction Signature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 6 Data Synchronization and Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Synchronization Tools: Which to Use? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Discovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Extract to File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Load from File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About CSV File Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Load from Resource . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Reconciliation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About Reconciliation Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing Reconciliation Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting Reconciliation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Canceling Reconciliation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing Reconciliation Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with the Account Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Searching the Account Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Examining the Account Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Active Sync Adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing the Synchronization Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing Active Sync Adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tuning Active Sync Adapter Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing Polling Intervals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specifying the Host Where the Adapter Will Run . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting and Stopping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adapter Logging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Working with Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cloning Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Emailing Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scheduling Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Downloading Report Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Fonts for Report Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Report Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Auditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The AuditLog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Real Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Summary Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SystemLog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Usage Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Usage Report Charts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Risk Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tracked Event Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with Graphs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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View Defined Graphs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create Graphs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Edit Graphs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delete Graphs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with Dashboards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating Dashboards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Edit Dashboards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deleting Dashboards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Searching Transactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 8 Task Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enabling the Task Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Task Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the General Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
For the Create User or Update User Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
For the Delete User Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Notification Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Administrator Notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring User Notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Approvals Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enabling Approvals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specifying Additional Approvers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Approval Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Audit Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Provisioning Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Sunrise and Sunset Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Sunrises . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Sunsets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Data Transformations Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 9 PasswordSync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289
What is PasswordSync? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289
Before You Install . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290
Install Microsoft .NET 1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290
Uninstall Previous Versions of PasswordSync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291
Installing PasswordSync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291
Configuring PasswordSync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293
Debugging PasswordSync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 298
Error Logs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 298
Trace Logs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 298
Registry Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 299
Uninstalling PasswordSync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
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Deploying PasswordSync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301
Configuring a JMS Listener Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301
Implementing the Synchronize User Password Workflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302
Setting Up Notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303
Configuring PasswordSync with a Sun JMS Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303
Sample Scenario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303
Solution Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 304
JMS Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307
JMS Settings Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310
JMS Properties Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312
Creating and Storing Administered Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313
Storing Administered Objects in an LDAP Directory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313
Storing Administered Objects in a File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315
Configuring the JMS Listener Adapter for this Scenario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317
Configuring Active Sync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319
Debugging Your Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324
Failover Deployment for PasswordSync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325
Frequently Asked Questions about PasswordSync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327
Can PasswordSync be implemented without a Java Messaging Service? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327
Can PasswordSync be used in conjunction with other Windows password filters that are used
to enforce custom password policies? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327
Can the PasswordSync servlet be installed on a different application server than Identity
Manager? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328
Does the PasswordSync service send passwords over to the lh server in clear text? . . . . . . . 328
Sometimes password changes result in com.waveset.exception.ItemNotLocked? . . . . . . . . . 328
Chapter 10 Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Security Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Limiting Concurrent Login Sessions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Password Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pass-through Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About Login Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Login Constraint Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing Login Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Identity Manager Session Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disabling Access to Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing Login Module Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing Login Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Authentication for Common Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring X509 Certificate Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring X509 Certificate Authentication in Identity Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Creating and Importing a Login Configuration Rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 339
Testing the SSL Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 340
Diagnosing Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 340
Cryptographic Use and Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 341
Cryptographically Protected Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 341
Server Encryption Key Questions and Answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 342
Where do server encryption keys come from? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 342
Where are server encryption keys maintained? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 342
How does the server know which key to use for decryption and re-encryption of encrypted
data? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 343
How do I update server encryption keys? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 343
What happens to existing encrypted data if the "current" server key is changed? . . . . . . . . . 343
What happens when you import encrypted data for which an encryption key is not available?
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How are server keys protected? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 344
Can I export the server keys for safe external storage? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 344
What data is encrypted between the server and gateway? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 344
Gateway Key Questions and Answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 344
Where do the gateway keys come from to encrypt or decrypt data? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345
How are gateway keys distributed to the gateways? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345
Can I update the gateway keys used to encrypt or decrypt the server-to-gateway payload? 346
Where are the gateway keys stored on the server, on the gateway? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 346
How are gateway keys protected? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 346
Can I export the gateway key for safe external storage? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 346
How are server and gateway keys destroyed? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 346
Managing Server Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347
Security Practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 349
At Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 349
During Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 349
Chapter 11 Identity Auditing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 351
About Identity Auditing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 351
Goals of Identity Auditing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 352
Understanding Identity Auditing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 353
Policy-Based Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 353
Continuous Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 354
Periodic Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 354
Logical Task Flow for Policy-Based Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 355
Periodic Access Reviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 357
Enabling Audit Logging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 357
Email Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 357
Administrator Interface Compliance Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 358
Manage Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 358
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Manage Access Scans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Access Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About Audit Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audit Policy Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remediation Workflows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remediators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample Audit Policy Scenario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with Audit Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating an Audit Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Before You Begin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Name and Describe the Audit Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Select a Rule Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Select an Existing Rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Select a Remediation Workflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Select Remediators and Timeouts for Remediations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Select Organizations that Can Access this Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating a New Rule by Using the Rule Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing an Audit Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Edit Policy Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remediators Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remediation Workflow and Organizations Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deleting an Audit Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting Audit Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Debugging Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assigning Audit Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audit Policy Scans and Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scanning Users and Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with Auditor Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating an Auditor Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compliance Violation Remediation and Mitigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About Remediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remediator Escalation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remediation Workflow Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remediation Responses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remediation Email Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with the Remediations Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing Policy Violations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing Pending Requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Viewing Completed Requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Updating the Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Prioritizing Policy Violations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mitigating Policy Violations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
From the Remediations Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remediating Policy Violations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Forwarding Remediation Requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing a User from a Remediation Work Item . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Periodic Access Reviews and Attestation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About Periodic Access Reviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Access Review Scans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Attestation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Planning for a Periodic Access Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tuning Scan Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating an Access Scan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deleting an Access Scan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Managing Access Reviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Launching an Access Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scheduling Access Review Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Managing Access Review Progress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Modifying Scan Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Canceling an Access Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deleting an Access Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Managing Attestation Duties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Access Review Notification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing Pending Requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Acting on Entitlement Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Closed-Loop Remediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Forwarding Attestation Work Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Digitally Signing Access Review Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Access Review Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Access Review Remediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About Access Review Remediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remediator Escalation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remediation Workflow Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remediation Responses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with the Remediations page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unsupported Access Review Remediation Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identity Auditing Tasks Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 12 Audit Logging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418
What Does Identity Manager Audit? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418
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Creating Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Auditing from Workflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audit Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
filterConfiguration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Account Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compliance Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuration Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identity Manager Login/Logoff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Password Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resource Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Role Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Security Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Task Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changes Outside Identity Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Service Provider Edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
extendedTypes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
extendedActions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
extendedResults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
publishers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Database Schema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
waveset.log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
waveset.logattr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Log Database Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ObjectTypes, Actions, and Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reasons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preventing Audit Log Tampering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring tamper-resistant logging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Custom Publishers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Developing Publishers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lifecycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Developing Formatters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Registering Publishers/Formatters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 13 Service Provider Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview of Service Provider Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enhanced End-User Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Password and Account ID policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identity Manager and Service Provider Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Access Manager integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Initial Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Edit Main Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Directory Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
User Forms and Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transaction Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tracked Event Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchronization Account Indexes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Callout Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Edit User Search Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transaction Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Default Transaction Execution Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Transaction Persistent Store . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set Advanced Transaction Processing Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitoring Transactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delegated Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delegation Through Organization Authorization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delegation Through Admin Role Assignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enabling Service Provider Admin Role Delegation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring a Service Provider User Admin Role . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delegating Service Provider User Admin Roles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Administering Service Provider Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
User Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create Users and Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Search Service Provider Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advanced Search . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Search Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Link Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delete, Unassign, or Unlink Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set Search Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
End-User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Home and Profile Screens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configure Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitor Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Start and Stop Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Migrate Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Service Provider Audit Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Appendix A lh Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Usage Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
class . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
export command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
license command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
syslog command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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487
Appendix B Advanced Search for Online Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wildcard Characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Query Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rules of Precedence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Default Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
489
489
490
490
490
Appendix C Audit Log Database Schema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 493
Oracle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 493
DB2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 494
MySQL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496
Sybase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 497
Audit Log Database Mappings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 499
Appendix D Active Sync Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Up Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchronization Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Active Sync Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Event Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Process Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Target Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Target Attribute Mappings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
501
501
501
501
503
506
508
509
510
511
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 517
Contents
17
18
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
List of Figures
Figure 1-1
Identity Manager User Account Resource Relationship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Figure 1-2
User Account, Role, Resource Relationship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Figure 1-3
Resources Assignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Figure 2-1
Identity Manager Administrator Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Figure 2-2
User Interface (Home Tab): . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Figure 2-3
Sun Identity Manager IDE interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Figure 2-4
Help button in the Identity Manager interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Figure 2-5
Search Results Navigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Figure 2-6
Identity Manager Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Figure 2-7
Identity Manager Guidance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Figure 3-1
Create User - Identity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Figure 3-2
Create User page - Compliance tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Figure 3-3
Accounts List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Figure 3-4
Edit User (Update Resource Accounts) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Figure 3-5
Rename User . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Figure 3-6
Disabled Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Figure 3-7
Update Resource Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Figure 3-8
Delete User Account and Resource Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Figure 3-9
User Account Search Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Figure 3-10
Change User Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Figure 3-11
Password Policy (Character Type) Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Figure 3-12
User Account Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Figure 3-13
Change Answers — Personalized Authentication Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Figure 3-14
End User Resources Configuration Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Figure 4-1
Resource Wizard: Resource Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Figure 4-2
Resource Wizard: Account Attributes (Schema Map) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Figure 4-3
Resource Wizard: Identity Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
19
20
Figure 4-4
Resource Wizard: Identity System Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Figure 4-5
Launch Bulk Resource Actions Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Figure 4-6
ChangeLog Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Figure 4-7
Configuring Identity Attributes in Meta View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Figure 4-8
Resources Have Changed Warning Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Figure 4-9
Identity Manager Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Figure 4-10
Create/Edit Password Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Figure 4-11
Editing an Email Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Figure 5-1
User Account Security page: Specifying Administrator privileges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
Figure 5-2
Create Organization Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
Figure 5-3
Create Organization: User Members Rule Selections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
Figure 5-4
Identity Manager Virtual Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
Figure 5-5
Admin Role Create Page: General Tab: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
Figure 5-6
Create Admin Role: Scope of Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192
Figure 5-7
Work Items History View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
Figure 5-8
Account Creation Workflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200
Figure 5-9
Certificates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203
Figure 6-1
Example of Properly Formatted CSV File for Loading Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
Figure 6-2
Load from File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
Figure 7-1
Run Reports Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229
Figure 7-2
Download Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231
Figure 7-3
Administrator Summary Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235
Figure 7-4
Usage Report (Generated User Accounts) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
Figure 7-5
Edit Dashboards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247
Figure 7-6
Search Transactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
Figure 8-1
Configure Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252
Figure 8-2
Edit Process Mappings Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252
Figure 8-3
Required Process Mappings Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Figure 8-4
Updated Configure Tasks Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Figure 8-5
General Tab: Create User Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256
Figure 8-6
Notification Tab: Create User Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259
Figure 8-7
Administrator Notifications: Attribute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260
Figure 8-8
Administrator Notifications: Rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261
Figure 8-9
Administrator Notifications: Query . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262
Figure 8-10
Administrator Notifications: Administrators List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263
Figure 8-11
Specifying an Email Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263
Figure 8-12
Approvals Tab: Create User Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Figure 8-13
Additional Approvers: Attribute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267
Figure 8-14
Additional Approvers: Rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268
Figure 8-15
Additional Approvers: Query . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Figure 8-16
Additional Approvers: Administrators List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Figure 8-17
Approval Timeout Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271
Figure 8-18
Determine Escalation Approvers From Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272
Figure 8-19
Escalation Administrator Attribute Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272
Figure 8-20
Escalation Administrator Rule Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273
Figure 8-21
Escalation Administrator Query Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273
Figure 8-22
Escalation Administrator Selection Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273
Figure 8-23
Approval Timeout Task Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274
Figure 8-24
Approval Form Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274
Figure 8-25
Adding Approval Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 276
Figure 8-26
Removing Approval Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277
Figure 8-27
Audit Create User Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 278
Figure 8-28
Adding an Attribute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 278
Figure 8-29
Removing the user.global.email Attribute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279
Figure 8-30
Provisioning Tab: Create User Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279
Figure 8-31
Sunrise and Sunset Tab: Create User Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281
Figure 8-32
Provisioning a New User in Two Hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282
Figure 8-33
Provisioning a New User by Date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283
Figure 8-34
Provisioning a New User by Attribute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284
Figure 8-35
Provisioning a New User by Rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284
Figure 8-36
Data Transformations Tab: Create User Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286
Figure 9-1
PasswordSync Configuration Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293
Figure 9-2
Proxy Server Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294
Figure 9-3
JMS Settings Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295
Figure 9-4
JMS Properties Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296
Figure 9-5
Email Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297
Figure 9-6
Trace Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 299
Figure 9-7
Scenario Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307
Figure 9-8
Scenario Communication Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308
Figure 9-9
JMS Settings Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309
Figure 9-10
JMS Properties Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309
Figure 9-11
JMS Listener Resource Parameters Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312
Figure 9-12
Retrieving Connection Factory and Destination Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313
Figure 9-13
JMS Listener Adapter Resource Parameters Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318
List of Figures
21
Figure 9-14
Mapping IDMAccountId and password Account Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319
Figure 9-15
Active Sync Attribute Mappings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319
Figure 9-16
Synchronization Mode Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320
Figure 9-17
Active Sync Running Settings Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 321
Figure 9-18
Target Resources Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322
Figure 9-19
Defining password and accountID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323
Figure 9-20
Defining Target Attribute Mappings for Sun Directory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323
Figure 9-21
Test Connection Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324
Figure 9-22
Debug Information File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325
Figure 9-23
Failover Deployment for PasswordSync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 326
Figure 10-1
Manage Server Encryption Task . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347
Figure 11-1
Auto Policy Wizard: Enter Name and Description Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 363
Figure 11-2
Audit Policy Wizard: Select Rule Type Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 364
Figure 11-3
Audit Policy Wizard: Select Remediation Workflow Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 365
Figure 11-4
Audit Policy Wizard: Select Level 1 Remediator Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367
Figure 11-5
Audit Policy Wizard: Assign Organizations Visibility Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367
Figure 11-6
Audit Policy Wizard: Enter the Rule Description Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 368
Figure 11-7
Audit Policy Wizard: Select Resource Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 369
Figure 11-8
Audit Policy Wizard: Select Rule Expression Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 370
Figure 11-9
Edit Audit Policy Page: Identification and Rules Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371
Figure 11-10 Edit Audit Policy Page: Assign Remediators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373
Figure 11-11 Edit Audit Policy Page: Remediation Workflow and Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 374
Figure 11-12 Launch Task dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 378
Figure 11-13 Run Reports Page Selections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 381
Figure 11-14 Mitigate Policy Violation Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 389
Figure 11-15 Select and Confirm Forwarding Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 391
Figure 11-16 Access Review Summary Report Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 405
Figure 11-17 User Entitlement Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 411
Figure 12-1
22
Configuring an Audit Log Tampering Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 437
Figure 12-2
Tamper-Resistant Audit Logging Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 438
Figure 13-1
Service Provider (SPE) Configuration (Directory, User Forms and Policy) . . . . . . . 444
Figure 13-2
Service Provider Configuration (Transaction Database) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 447
Figure 13-3
Service Provider Configuration (Tracked Events, Account Indexes, and Callout
Configuration) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 448
Figure 13-4
Search Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 451
Figure 13-5
Transaction Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 453
Figure 13-6
Configuring SPE Transaction Persistent Store . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 455
Figure 13-7
Advanced Transaction Processing Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 456
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Figure 13-8
Search Transactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 461
Figure 13-9
Create Service Provider Users and Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 469
Figure 13-10 Search Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 471
Figure 13-11 Example of Search Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 472
Figure 13-12 Delete, Unassign, or Unlink Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 474
Figure 13-13 Set Search Options for Service Provider Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 475
Figure 13-14 Registration Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 477
Figure 13-15 My Profile Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 478
Figure 13-16 Edit Service Provider Edition Audit Configuration Group Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 481
Figure 13-17 Active Sync Wizard: Synchronization Mode, Pre-Existing Form Selections . . . . . . . 502
Figure 13-18 Active Sync Wizard: Synchronization Mode, Wizard Generated Form Selections . . 503
Figure 13-19 Active Sync Wizard: Running Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 506
Figure 13-20 Active Sync Wizard: Process Selection (Rule) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 510
Figure 13-21 Active Sync Wizard: Process Selection (Event Type) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 510
Figure 13-22 Active Sync Wizard: Target Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 511
Figure 13-23 Active Sync Wizard: Target Attribute Mappings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 511
List of Figures
23
24
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
List of Tables
Table 1
Typographic Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Table 2
Symbol Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Table 1-1
Identity Manager Object Relationships
Table 2-1
Identity Manager Interface Task Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Table 3-1
User Account Status Icon Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Table 3-2
Description of Background Save Task Status Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Table 4-1
Custom Resource Classes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Table 4-2
Identity Attributes for Example Case of Using a Change Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Table 4-3
Email Template Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Table 5-1
Identity Manager Capabilities Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
Table 5-2
Admin Role Sample Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Table 6-1
Tasks to Use with the Data Synchronization Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207
Table 8-1
Task Template Tabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255
Table 8-2
Determine additional approvers from menu option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 266
Table 9-1
Domain Controller Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 292
Table 9-2
Registry Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
Table 10-1
Cryptographically-Protected Data Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 342
Table 11-1
Identity Auditing Email Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 357
Table 11-2
Auditor Reports Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 380
Table 11-3
Identity Auditing Task Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415
Table 12-1
Arguments for com.waveset.session.WorkflowServices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 419
Table 12-2
filterConfiguration Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423
Table 12-3
Default Account Management Event Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 424
Table 12-4
Default Compliance Management Group Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425
Table 12-5
Default Configuration Management Event Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425
Table 12-6
Default Identity Manager Login/Logoff Event Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425
Table 12-7
Default Password Management Event Groups and Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 426
25
26
Table 12-8
Default Resource Management Event Groups and Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 426
Table 12-9
Default Role Management Event Groups and Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 426
Table 12-10
Default Security Management Event Groups and Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427
Table 12-11
Task Management Event Groups and Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427
Table 12-12
Changes Outside Identity Manager Event Groups and Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427
Table 12-13
Service Provider Edition Event Groups and Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 428
Table 12-14
Extended Object Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 428
Table 12-15
extendedAction Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 430
Table 12-16
extendedResults Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 431
Table 12-17
publishers Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 431
Table 12-18
objectTypes, Actions, and Results Stored as Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 434
Table 12-19
Reasons Stored as Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 436
Table B-1
Supported Wildcard Characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 489
Table B-2
Commonly Used Query Operators for Online Documentation Searches . . . . . . . . . . 491
Table C-1
Data Schema Values for the Oracle Database Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 493
Table C-2
Data Schema Values for the DB2 Database Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 494
Table C-3
Data Schema Values for the MySQL Database Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496
Table C-4
Data Schema Values for the Sybase Database Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 497
Table C-5
Object Key Type, Action, and Action Status Database Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 499
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Preface
This guide describes how to use the Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager software
to provide secure user access to your enterprise information systems and
applications. It illustrates procedures and scenarios to help you perform regular
and periodic administrative tasks with the Identity Manager system.
Who Should Use This Book
This Identity Manager Administration guide is intended for use by administrators,
software developers, and IT service providers who implement an integrated
identity management and web access platform using Sun Java System servers and
software.
An understanding of the following technologies will help you apply the
information discussed in this book:
•
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)
•
Java technology
•
JavaServer Pagesв„ў (JSPв„ў) technology
•
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
•
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
•
Extensible Markup Language (XML)
27
Before You Read This Book
Identity Manager is a component of Sun Java Enterprise System, a software
infrastructure that supports enterprise applications distributed across a network or
Internet environment. You should be familiar with the documentation provided
with Sun Java Enterprise System, which can be accessed online at
http://docs.sun.com/coll/entsys_04q4.
Because Sun Java System Directory Server is used as the data store in an Identity
Manager deployment, you should be familiar with the documentation provided
with that product. Directory Server documentation can be accessed online at
http://docs.sun.com/coll/DirectoryServer_04q2.
Conventions Used in This Book
The tables in this section describe the conventions used in this book.
Typographic Conventions
The following table describes the typographic changes used in this book.
Table 1
Typographic Conventions
Typeface
Meaning
Examples
AaBbCc123
API and language elements, HTML
tags, web site URLs, command
names, file names, directory path
names, onscreen computer output,
sample code.
Edit your.login file.
What you type, when contrasted
with onscreen computer output.
% su
Password:
Book titles, new terms, words to be
emphasized.
Read Chapter 6 in the User’s
Guide.
A placeholder in a command or path
name to be replaced with a real
name or value.
These are called class options.
(Monospace)
AaBbCc123
(Monospace
bold)
AaBbCc123
(Italic)
Use ls -a to list all files.
% You have mail.
Do not save the file.
The file is located in the
install-dir/bin directory.
28
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Symbols
The following table describes the symbol conventions used in this book.
Table 2
Symbol Conventions
Symbol
Description
Example
Meaning
[ ]
Contains optional command
options.
ls [-l]
The -l option is not
required.
{ | }
Contains a set of choices for
a required command option.
-d {y|n}
The -d option requires that
you use either the y
argument or the n
argument.
-
Joins simultaneous multiple
keystrokes.
Control-A
Press the Control key while
you press the A key.
+
Joins consecutive multiple
keystrokes.
Ctrl+A+N
Press the Control key,
release it, and then press
the subsequent keys.
>
Indicates menu item
selection in a graphical user
interface.
File > New > Templates
From the File menu, choose
New. From the New
submenu, choose
Templates.
Related Documentation
The http://docs.sun.comSM web site enables you to access Sun technical
documentation online. You can browse the archive or search for a specific book
title or subject.
Books in This Documentation Set
Sun provides additional documentation and information to help you install, use,
and configure Identity Manager.
•
Identity Manager Installation — Step-by-step instructions and reference
information to help you install and configure Identity Manager and associated
software.
•
Identity Manager Upgrade — Step-by-step instructions and reference
information to help you upgrade and configure Identity Manager and
associated software.
Preface
29
•
Identity Manager Administration — Procedures, tutorials, and examples that
describe how to use Identity Manager to provide secure user access to your
enterprise information systems and manage user compliance.
•
Identity Manager Technical Deployment Overview — Conceptual overview of the
Identity Manager product (including object architectures) with an introduction
to basic product components.
•
Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views — Reference and procedural
information that describes how to use the Identity Manager workflows, forms,
and views — including information about the tools you need to customize
these objects.
•
Identity Manager Deployment Tools — Reference and procedural information
that describes how to use different Identity Manager deployment tools;
including rules and rules libraries, common tasks and processes, dictionary
support, and the SOAP-based Web service interface provided by the Identity
Manager server.
•
Identity Manager Resources Reference — Reference and procedural information
that describes how to load and synchronize account information from a
resource into Identity Manager.
•
Identity Manager Tuning, Troubleshooting, and Error Messages — Reference and
procedural information that describes Identity Manager error messages and
exceptions, and provides instructions for tracing and troubleshooting
problems you might encounter as you work.
•
Identity Manager Service Provider Edition Deployment — Reference and
procedural information that describes how to plan and implement Sun Javaв„ў
System Identity Manager Service Provider Edition.
•
Identity Manager Help — Online guidance and information that offer
complete procedural, reference, and terminology information about Identity
Manager. You can access help by clicking the Help link from the Identity
Manager menu bar. Guidance (field-specific information) is available on key
fields.
Accessing Sun Resources Online
For product downloads, professional services, patches and support, and additional
developer information, go to the following:
•
30
Download Center
http://wwws.sun.com/software/download/
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
•
Professional Services
http://www.sun.com/service/sunps/sunone/index.html
•
Sun Enterprise Services, Solaris Patches, and Support
http://sunsolve.sun.com/
•
Developer Information
http://developers.sun.com/prodtech/index.html
Contacting Sun Technical Support
If you have technical questions about this product that are not answered in the
product documentation, go to http://www.sun.com/service/contacting.
Related Third-Party Web Site References
Sun is not responsible for the availability of third-party web sites mentioned in this
document. Sun does not endorse and is not responsible or liable for any content,
advertising, products, or other materials that are available on or through such sites
or resources. Sun will not be responsible or liable for any actual or alleged damage
or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with use of or reliance on
any such content, goods, or services that are available on or through such sites or
resources.
Sun Welcomes Your Comments
Sun is interested in improving its documentation and welcomes your comments
and suggestions.
To share your comments, go to http://docs.sun.com and click Send Comments. In
the online form, provide the document title and part number. The part number is a
seven-digit or nine-digit number that can be found on the title page of the book or
at the top of the document.
For example, the title of this book is Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 Identity
Manager Administration, and the part number is 819-6123-10.
Preface
31
32
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Chapter 1
Identity Manager Overview
The Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager system enables you to securely and
efficiently manage and audit access to accounts and resources. By giving you the
capabilities and tools to quickly handle periodic and daily user-provisioning and
auditing tasks, Identity Manager facilitates exceptional service to internal and
external customers.
This chapter gives you an overview provided in the following topics:
•
The Big Picture
•
Identity Manager Objects
The Big Picture
Today’s businesses require increased flexibility and capabilities from its IT
services. Historically, managing access to business information and systems
required direct interaction with a limited number of accounts. Increasingly,
managing access means handling not only increased numbers of internal
customers, but also partners and customers beyond your enterprise.
The overhead created by this increased need for access can be substantial. As an
administrator, you must effectively and securely enable people – both inside and
outside your enterprise – to do their jobs. And after you provide initial access, you
face continuing detailed challenges, such as forgotten passwords, and changed
roles and business relationships.
Additionally, businesses today face strict requirements governing the security and
integrity of critical business information. In an environment dictated by
compliance-related legislation – such as the Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) Act, the Health
Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), and the
33
The Big Picture
Gramm-Leach-Bliley (GLB) Act – the overhead created by monitoring and
reporting activities is substantial and costly. You must be able to respond quickly
to changes in access control, as well as satisfy the data-gathering and reporting
requirements that help keep your business secure.
Identity Manager was developed specifically to help you manage these
administrative challenges in a dynamic environment. By using Identity Manager to
distribute access management overhead and address the burden of compliance,
you facilitate a solution to your primary challenges: How do I define access? And
once defined, how do I maintain flexibility and control?
A secure, yet flexible design lets you set up Identity Manager to accommodate the
structure of your enterprise and answer these challenges. By mapping Identity
Manager objects to the entities that you manage – users and resources – you
significantly increase the efficiency of your operations.
In a service provider environment, Identity Manager extends these capabilities to
managing extranet users as well.
Goals of the Identity Manager System
The Identity Manager solution enables you to accomplish the following goals:
•
Manage account access to a large variety of systems and resources.
•
Securely manage dynamic account information for each user’s array of
accounts.
•
Set up delegated rights to create and manage user account data.
•
Handle large numbers of enterprise resources, as well as an increasingly large
number of extranet customers and partners.
•
Securely authorize user access to enterprise information systems. With Identity
Manager, you have fully integrated functionality to grant, manage, and revoke
access privileges across internal and external organizations.
•
Keep data synchronized by not keeping data. The Identity Manager solution
supports two key principles that superior systems management tools should
observe:
вќЌ
вќЌ
34
The product should have minimal impact on the system it is managing,
and
The product should not introduce more complexity to your enterprise by
adding another resource to manage.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
The Big Picture
•
Define audit policies to manage compliance with user access privileges and
manage violations through automated remediation actions and email alerts.
•
Conduct periodic access reviews and define attestation review and approval
procedures that automate the process of certifying user privileges.
•
Monitor key information and audit and review statistics through the
dashboard.
Defining User Access
Users in your extended enterprise can be anyone with a relationship to your
company, including employees, customers, partners, suppliers, or acquisitions. In
the Identity Manager system, users are represented by user accounts.
Depending on their relationships with your business and other entities, users need
access to different things, such as computer systems, data stored in databases, or
specific computer applications. In Identity Manager terms, these things are
resources.
Because users often have one or more identities on each of the resources they
access, Identity Manager creates a single, virtual identity that maps to disparate
resources. This allows you to manage users as a single entity. See Figure 1-1.
Figure 1-1
Identity Manager User Account Resource Relationship
Chapter 1
Identity Manager Overview
35
The Big Picture
To effectively manage large numbers of users, you need logical ways to group
them. In most companies, users are grouped into functional departments or
geographical divisions. Each of these departments typically requires access to
different resources. In Identity Manager terms, this type of group is called an
organization.
Another way to group users is by similar characteristics, such as company
relationships or job functions. Identity Manager recognizes these groupings as
roles.
Within the Identity Manager system, you assign roles to user accounts to facilitate
efficient enabling and disabling of access to resources. Assigning accounts to
organizations enables efficient delegation of administrative responsibilities.
Identity Manager users are also directly or indirectly managed through the
application of policies, which set up rules and password and user authentication
options.
User Types
Identity Manager provides two user types: Identity Manager Users and Service
Provider Users, if you configure your Identity Manager system for a service
provider implementation. These types enable you to distinguish users that might
have different provisioning requirements based on their relationship with your
company, for example extranet users versus intranet users.
A typical scenario for a service provider implementation, is a service provider
company with internal users and external users (customers) that it wants to
manage with Identity Manager. For information about configuring a service
provider implementation, see Identity Manager SPE Deployment.
You specify the Identity Manager user type when you configure a user account. For
more information about service provider users, see Chapter 13, “Service Provider
Administration.”
Delegating Administration
To successfully distribute responsibility for user identity management, you need
the right balance of flexibility and control. By granting select Identity Manager
users administrator privileges and delegating administrative tasks, you reduce
your overhead and increase efficiency by placing responsibility for identity
management with those who know user needs best, such as a hiring manager.
Users with these extended privileges are called Identity Manager administrators.
36
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Identity Manager Objects
Delegation only works, however, within a secure model. To maintain an
appropriate level of control, Identity Manager lets you assign different levels of
capabilities to administrators. Capabilities authorize varying levels of access and
actions within the system.
The Identity Manager workflow model also includes a method to ensure that
certain actions require approval. Using workflow, Identity Manager administrators
retain control over tasks and can track their progress. For detailed information
about workflow, see Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.
Identity Manager Objects
A clear picture of Identity Manager objects and how they interact is crucial to
successful management and deployment of the system. These are:
•
User accounts
•
Roles
•
Resources and resource groups
•
Organizations and virtual organizations
•
Directory junctions
•
Capabilities
•
Admin roles
•
Policies
•
Audit Policies
User Accounts
Identity Manager user accounts:
•
Provide users access to one or more resources, and manage user account data
on those resources.
•
Assign roles, which set user access to various resources.
•
Are part of an organization, which determines how and by whom user
accounts are administered.
Chapter 1
Identity Manager Overview
37
Identity Manager Objects
The user account setup process is dynamic. Depending on the role selection you
make during account setup, you may provide more or less resource-specific
information to create the account. The number and type of resources associated
with the assigned role determine how much information is required at account
creation.
You grant users administrative privileges to manage user accounts, resources, and
other Identity Manager system objects and tasks. Identity Manager administrators
manage organizations, and are assigned a range of capabilities to apply to objects
in each managed organization.
Roles
A role is an Identity Manager object that represents Identity Manager user types
and allows resources to be grouped and assigned to users. Typically, roles
represent user job functions. In a financial institution, for example, roles might
correspond to job functions like bank teller, loan officer, branch manager, clerk,
accountant, or administrative assistant.
Roles define a base set of resources and resource attributes for users. They also can
define relationships between other roles; for example, roles that contain or exclude
other roles.
Users with the same role share access to a common base group of resources. You
can assign one or more roles to each user, or assign no role.
As shown in Figure 1-2, User 1 and User 2 share access to the same set of resources
through assignment of Role 2. User 1, however, has access to additional resources
through the assignment of Role 1.
Figure 1-2
38
User Account, Role, Resource Relationship
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Identity Manager Objects
Resources and Resource Groups
Identity Manager resources store information about how to connect to a resource
or system on which accounts are created. Resources to which Identity Manager
provides access include:
•
Mainframe security managers
•
Databases
•
Directory services (such as LDAP)
•
Applications
•
Operating systems
•
ERP systems (such as SAPв„ў)
Information stored by each Identity Manager resource is categorized in several
major groups:
•
Resource parameters
•
Account information (including account attributes and identity template)
•
Identity Manager parameters
Identity Manager user accounts are provided access to resources through the
following assignments, as depicted in Figure 1-3:
•
Role-based assignment – By assigning roles to a user, you indirectly assign the
user to one or more resources connected to that role.
•
Individual assignment – You can assign individual resources directly to user
accounts.
Figure 1-3
Resources Assignment
Chapter 1
Identity Manager Overview
39
Identity Manager Objects
A related Identity Manager object, a resource group, can be assigned to user
accounts in the same way resources are assigned. Resource groups correlate
resources so that you can create accounts on resources in a specific order. Also,
they simplify the process of assigning multiple resources to user accounts. For
information about resource groups, see “Resource Groups” on page 117.
Organizations and Virtual Organizations
Organizations are Identity Manager containers used to enable administrative
delegation. They define the scope of entities that an Identity Manager
administrator controls or manages.
Organizations can also represent direct links into directory-based resources; these
are called virtual organizations. Virtual organizations allow direct management of
resource data without loading information into the Identity Manager repository.
By mirroring an existing directory structure and membership through a virtual
organization, Identity Manager eliminates duplicate and time-consuming setup
tasks.
Organizations that contain other organizations are parent organizations. You can
create organizations in a flat structure or arrange them in a hierarchy. The
hierarchy can represent departments, geographical areas, or other logical divisions
by which you manage user accounts.
Directory Junctions
A directory junction is a hierarchically related set of organizations that mirrors a
directory resource’s actual set of hierarchical containers. A directory resource is one
that employs a hierarchical namespace through the use of hierarchical containers.
Examples of directory resources include LDAP servers and Windows Active
Directory resources.
Each organization in a directory junction is a virtual organization. The top-most
virtual organization in a directory junction is a mirror of the container representing
the base context defined in the resource. The remaining virtual organizations in a
directory junction are direct or indirect children of the top virtual organization, and
also mirror one of the directory resource containers that are children of the defined
resource’s base context container.
You can make Identity Manager users members of, and available to, a virtual
organization in the same way as an organization.
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Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Identity Manager Objects
Capabilities
Each user can be assigned capabilities, or groups of rights, to enable him to
perform administrative actions through Identity Manager. Capabilities allow the
administrative user to perform certain tasks in the system and act on Identity
Manager objects.
Typically, you assign capabilities according to specific job responsibilities, such as
password resets or account approvals. By assigning capabilities and rights to
individual users, you create a hierarchical administrative structure that provides
targeted access and privileges without compromising data protection.
Identity Manager provides a set of default capabilities for common administrative
functions. Capabilities meeting your specific needs can also be created and
assigned.
Admin Roles
Admin roles enable you to define a unique set of capabilities for each set of
organizations that are managed by an administrative user. An admin role is
assigned capabilities and controlled organizations, which can then be assigned to
an administrative user.
Capabilities and controlled organizations can be assigned directly to an admin role.
They also can be assigned indirectly (dynamically) each time the administrative
user logs in to Identity Manager. Identity Manager rules control dynamic
assignment.
Policies
Policies set limitations for Identity Manager users by establishing constraints for
account ID, login, and password characteristics. Identity system account policies
establish user, password, and authentication policy options and constraints.
Resource password and account ID policies set length rules, character type rules, and
allowed words and attribute values. A dictionary policy enables Identity Auditor to
check passwords against a word database to ensure protection from simple
dictionary attacks.
Chapter 1
Identity Manager Overview
41
Identity Manager Objects
Audit Policies
Distinct from other system policies, an audit policy defines a policy violation for a
group of users of a specific resource. Audit policies establish one or more rules by
which users are evaluated for compliance violations. These rules depend on
conditions based on one or more attributes defined by a resource. When the system
scans a user, it uses the criteria defined in the audit policies assigned to that user to
determine whether compliance violations have occurred.
Object Relationships
The following table provides a quick glance at Identity Manager objects and their
relationships.
Table 1-1
Identity Manager Object Relationships
Identity Manager Object
What is it?
Where does it fit?
User account
An account on Identity Manager
and on one or more resouces.
Role
Generally, each user account is
assigned to one or more roles.
User data may be loaded into
Identity Manager from resources.
Organization
User accounts are arranged in a
hierarchy as part of an
organization. Identity Manager
administrators additionally
manage organizations.
A special class of users, Identity
Manager administrators, have
extended privileges
Resource
Individual resources can be
assigned to user accounts.
Capability
Administrators are assigned
capabilities for the organizations
they manage.
Role
Profiles a class of users and
defines the collection of
resources and resource
attributes on which accounts are
managed.
Resource and resource group
Resources and resource groups
are assigned to roles.
User account
Roles group user accounts with
similar characteristics.
Role
Defines relationships between
other roles (inclusion or
exclusion).
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Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Identity Manager Objects
Table 1-1
Identity Manager Object Relationships (Continued)
Identity Manager Object
What is it?
Where does it fit?
Resource
Stores information about a
system, application, or other
resource on which accounts are
managed.
Role
Resources are assigned to roles;
a user account “inherits”
resource access from its role
assignments.
User account
Resources can be individually
assigned to user accounts.
Resource Group
Ordered group of resources.
Role
Resource groups are assigned to
roles; a user account “inherits”
resource access from its role
assignments.
User account
Resource groups can be directly
assigned to user accounts.
Organization
Defines the scope of entities
managed by an administrator;
hierarchical.
Resource
Administrators in a given
organization may have access to
some or all resources.
Administrator
Organizations are managed
(controlled) by users with
administrative privileges.
Administrators may manage one
or more organizations.
Administrative privileges in a
given organization cascade to its
child organizations.
User account
Each user account can be
assigned to an Identity Manager
organization and one or more
directory organizations.
Directory junction
Admin role
Defines a unique set of
capabilities for each set of
organizations assigned to an
administrator.
Administrator
Admin roles are assigned to
administrators.
Capabilities and organizations
Capabilities and organizations
are assigned, directly or
indirectly (dynamically) to admin
roles.
Chapter 1
Identity Manager Overview
43
Identity Manager Objects
Table 1-1
Identity Manager Object Relationships (Continued)
Identity Manager Object
What is it?
Where does it fit?
Capability
Defines a group of system rights.
Administrator
Capabilities are assigned to
administrators.
Policy
Sets password and
authentication limits.
User account
Policies are assigned to user
accounts.
Organization
Policies are assigned to or
inherited by organizations.
Audit policy
Sets rules by which users are
evaluated for compliance
violations.
User account
Audit policies are assigned to
user accounts.
Organization
Audit policies are assigned to
organizations.
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Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Chapter 2
Getting Started with Identity Manager
Read this chapter to learn about the Identity Manager graphical interfaces and how
you can quickly begin using Identity Manager. Topics covered include:
•
Identity Manager Interfaces
•
Help and Guidance
•
Identity Manager Tasks
•
Where to Go from Here
Identity Manager Interfaces
The Identity Manager system includes three primary graphical interfaces through
which users perform tasks:
•
Administrator interface
•
User interface
•
Identity Manager IDE
Identity Manager Administrator Interface
The Identity Manager Administrator interface serves as the primary administrative
view of the product. Through this interface, Identity Manager administrators
manage users, set up and assign resources, define rights and access levels, and
audit compliance in the Identity Manager system.
45
Identity Manager Interfaces
Interface organization is represented by these elements:
•
Navigation bar tabs — Located at the top of each interface page, these tabs let
you navigate major functional areas.
•
Subtabs or menus — Depending on your specific implementation, you may
see secondary tabs or menus below each navigation bar tab. These subtab or
menu selections let you access tasks within a functional area.
In some areas, such as Accounts, tabbed forms divide longer forms into one or more
pages, enabling you to navigate them more easily. This is illustrated in Figure 2-1.
Figure 2-1
Identity Manager Administrator Interface
Administrator Interface Logon
When you log on to the Administrator interface, you remain logged on according
to the session limits established for your implementation, with one exception. If
cookies are disabled for your Web browser, then these actions will cause the
system to prompt you to log in again during the session:
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Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Identity Manager Interfaces
•
Administrator, role, and organization rename cancellation
•
Organization deletion cancellation
•
User login module and admin login module creation
To avoid multiple login requests, enable cookies.
Identity Manager User Interface
The Identity Manager User interface presents a limited view of the Identity
Manager system. This view is specifically tailored to users without administrative
capabilities.
When a user logs in to the Identity Manager User interface, any pending work
items and delegations for the user are displayed on the Home tab, as illustrated in
the following figure:
Figure 2-2
User Interface (Home Tab):
The Home tab provides quick access to any pending items. Click an item in the list
to respond to a work item request or perform other available actions. After the
action has been completed, click Return to Main Menu to go back to the Home
page.
A user can perform various activities from the User interface, such as changing
their password, performing self-provisioning tasks, and managing work items and
delegations.
The following options are available to a user from the User interface:
•
Work Items — Approve or reject any pending work items that you own or
have the authority to act on.
Chapter 2
Getting Started with Identity Manager
47
Identity Manager Interfaces
Work items can include approvals, attestations, or other requested action items
generated by Identity Manager.
•
Requests — Submit requests for updates to user account resource assignments
and role assignments.
These requests can be performed for the user or their employees.
Use the View subtab on the Requests tab to view the process status details for
requests.
•
Delegations — View current delegations or specify a delegation.
•
Profile — Change your user password or account attributes or perform other
self-provisioning tasks using the following subtabs:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
Change Password — Select this option to change your password on a
selected resource or all resources.
Account Attributes — Select this option to change user-editable attributes,
such as your account email address. (This is the email address that Identity
Manager uses to send out notifications about your account.)
Authentication Questions — Select this option to change your answers to
authentication questions for your user account.
Access Privileges — Select this option to view the resource assignments
(direct or indirect) for this account.
Customizing the User Interface
The User interface is often customized to present a unique, company-specific view
and offer custom selections.
Customizing Navigation Layout
If preferred, the navigation in the User interface can be changed from a
horizontal-tab view (default) to a vertical tree view. To configure the vertical
navigation view, set the following configuration object:
ui.web.user.menuLayout = 'vertical'
For more detailed information about customizing and branding the User interface,
read Identity Manager Technical Deployment Overview.
Customizing Dashboard Display Options
From the Administrator interface, you can select which options you want to
display on the user dashboard. To configure display options, select Configure, and
then select User Interface.
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Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Identity Manager Interfaces
By default, all available, configurable information displays on the user dashboard.
You can de-select one or more of these options to prevent information display:
•
displayPasswordExpirationWarning — Select to display messages related to
password expiration if password policy is applied to an account.
•
displayAttestationReviews — Select to display the number of attestation work
items.
•
displayOtherWorkItems — Select to display the number of other work items.
•
displayRemediations — Select to display the number of remediation work
items.
•
displayApprovals — Select to display the number of approval work items.
•
displayLoginFailures — Select to display the number of unsuccessful
password or authentication question login attempts. Appears only if a value
for maximum login attempts has been configured for the user's account policy.
•
displayDelegations — Select to display a string that indicates that the user has
defined an approval delegation.
•
displayRequests — Select to display the number of outstanding requests for
role, group, or resource updates for an account.
Identity Manager IDE
The Sun Identity Manager Integrated Development Environment (IDE) provides a
graphical view of Identity Manager forms, rules, and workflows. Using the IDE,
you create and edit forms that establish the features available on each Identity
Manager page. You can also modify Identity Manager workflows, which define the
sequence of actions followed or tasks performed when working with Identity
Manager user accounts. Additionally, you can modify rules defined in Identity
Manager that determine workflow behaviors. The following figure shows the IDE
interface.
Chapter 2
Getting Started with Identity Manager
49
Help and Guidance
Figure 2-3
Sun Identity Manager IDE interface
For more information about the IDE and using it to work with Identity Manager
forms and workflows, see Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.
You can also use the Business Process Editor (BPE) to make customizations, if you
have it installed with earlier versions of Identity Manager.
Help and Guidance
To successfully complete some tasks, you might need to consult Help and Identity
Manager guidance (field-level information and instructions). Help and guidance are
available from the Identity Manager Administrator and User interfaces.
Identity Manager Help
For task-related help and information, click the Help button, which is located at the
top of each Administrator and User interface page, as depicted in Figure 2-4.
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Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Help and Guidance
Figure 2-4
Help button in the Identity Manager interface
At the bottom of each Help window is a Contents link that guides you to other
Help topics and the Identity Manager terms glossary.
Finding Information
Use the search feature in the Help window to locate topics and information
included in Identity Manager Help and documentation. To search the online
documentation, use the following procedure:
1.
Enter one or more terms in the search area.
2.
Select to search one of two documentation types. By default, the feature
searches online help.
вќЌ
вќЌ
3.
Online Help — In general, online information provides steps to help you
perform a task or complete a form.
Documentation (Guides) — Identity Manager Guides primarily offer
information to help you understand concepts and system objects, as well
as complete reference information.
Click Search.
The search returns linked search results. Use the Previous/Next or First/Last
buttons to page through the listed results, as demonstrated in Figure 2-5.
Figure 2-5
Search Results Navigation
Clicking Reset clears the contents of the Help window.
Chapter 2
Getting Started with Identity Manager
51
Help and Guidance
Search Behavior
If you search for more than one word, the search feature returns results that
include each word, both words, and variants.
For example, if you enter the following search term:
resource adapter
then the returned results will include matches to the following words:
•
resource (and variants)
•
adapter (and variants)
•
resource and adapter (in any order), with 0 to n intervening words
However, if you include search terms in quotations (for example,
“resource adapter”), then the search feature returns only exact matches to that
phrase.
Alternatively, you can use advanced query syntax to specifically include, exclude,
or order query elements.
Advanced Query Syntax
The Search feature supports advanced query syntax, including:
•
Wildcard characters (? and *), which allow you to specify spelling patterns
rather than complete words or phrases
•
Query operators (AND or OR), which let you determine how to combine
query elements
See Appendix B, “Advanced Search for Online Documentation” in this guide for more
information about Identity Manager’s advanced documentation search features.
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Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Help and Guidance
Figure 2-6
Identity Manager Help
Identity Manager Guidance
Identity Manager guidance is brief, targeted help that appears next to many page
fields. Its goal is to help you enter information or make selections as you move
through a page to perform a task.
A symbol marked with the letter “i” displays next to fields with guidance. Click the
symbol to open a window and display its associated information.
Chapter 2
Getting Started with Identity Manager
53
Logging In to Identity Manager
Figure 2-7
Identity Manager Guidance
Logging In to Identity Manager
To log in to the Identity Manager Administrator or User interfaces, enter your user
ID and password, and then click Login.
Forgotten User ID
Identity Manager allows you to retrieve your forgotten user ID. When you click
Forgot Your User ID? from the login page, a lookup page appears and requests
identity attribute information associated with your account, such as first and last
name, email address, or phone number.
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Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Identity Manager Tasks
Identity Manager then constructs a query to find a single user matching the entered
values. If no match is found, or multiple matches are found, then an error message
appears on the Lookup User ID page.
By default, the lookup feature is enabled. However, it can be disabled by one of the
following actions:
•
Set forgotUserIdMode in login.jsp to a value of false
•
Set the system configuration attribute
ui.web<admin|user>.disableForgotUserId to a value of true
The set of user attribute names presented are configured through the system
configuration attributes security.authn.<Administrator Interface | User
Interface>.lookupUserIdAttributes. The attributes that can be specified are
those defined as queryable attributes in the UserUIConfig configuration object.
If recovered, then Identity Manager sends email to the email address of the
recovered user by using the User ID Recovery email template.
Identity Manager Tasks
The following tasks matrix provides a quick reference to commonly performed
Identity Manager tasks. It shows the primary Identity Manager interface location
where you will go to begin each task, as well as alternate locations or methods (if
available) that you can use to perform the same task.
Table 2-1
Identity Manager Interface Task Reference
Managing Identity Manager Users
To do this:
Go to:
Or:
Create and edit users
Accounts tab, List Accounts
selection
Accounts tab, Find Users selection
(User Account Search Results page)
Approve user account creation
Work Items tab, Approvals
subtab
Set up user authentication (policies)
Security tab, Policies
selection
Change user passwords
Passwords tab, Change
User Password selection
Accounts tab, List Accounts selection
Accounts tab, Find Users
selection (User Account Search Results
page)
Identity Manager User interface
Chapter 2
Getting Started with Identity Manager
55
Identity Manager Tasks
Table 2-1
Identity Manager Interface Task Reference(Continued)
Reset user passwords
Passwords tab, Reset User
Password selection
Accounts tab, List Accounts selection
Accounts tab, Find Users
selection (User Account Search Results
page)
Find users
Accounts tab, Find Users
selection
Passwords tab, Change User
Password selection
Enable or disable users
Accounts tab, List Accounts
selection
Accounts tab, Find Users
selection (User Account Search Results
page)
Unlock users
Accounts tab, List Accounts
selection
Accounts tab, Find Users
selection (User Account Search Results
page)
Managing Identity Manager Administrators
To do this:
Go to:
Set up delegated administration
(through organizations)
Accounts tab, List Accounts selection, Create User page
Assign capabilities
Accounts tab, List Accounts selection, Create or Edit User page
Security subtab
Assign capabilities (through admin
roles)
Accounts tab, List Accounts selection, Create or Edit User page
Security subtab
Set up approvers (to validate account
creation)
Accounts tab, List Accounts selection, Create Organization page
Roles tab, Create Roles page
Configuring Identity Manager
To do this:
Go to:
Create and manage resources
(Resource Wizard)
Resources tab
Manage resource groups
Resource tab, List Resource Groups selection
Create and manage roles
Roles tab
Find roles
Roles tab, Find Roles selection
Edit capabilities
Security tab, Capabilities selection
Create and edit admin roles
Security tab, Admin Roles selection, Create/Edit Admin Role page
Set up email templates
Configure tab, Email Templates selection
Set up password, account, and naming
policies; assign policies to
organizations
Security tab, Policies selection
Configure Identity Attributes
Meta View tab, Identity Attributes selection
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Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Identity Manager Tasks
Table 2-1
Identity Manager Interface Task Reference(Continued)
Configure Identity Events
Meta View tab, Identity Events selection
Configure ChangeLogs
Meta View tab, ChangeLogs selection
Loading and Synchronizing Accounts and Data
To do this:
Go to:
Import data files (such as XML-format
forms)
Configure tab, Import Exchange File selection
Load resource accounts
Account tab, Load from Resource selection
Load accounts from file
Account tab, Load from File selection
Compare Identity Manager users with
resource accounts
Resources tab, Reconcile with Resources selection
Auditing, Risk Analysis, and Reporting
To do this:
Go to:
Set up audit events to capture, and
enable auditing
Configure tab, Audit selection
Run and manage reports
Reports tab, Run Reports selection to create, run, and download reports;
View Reports to view report results.
Define and run risk analysis reports
Reports tab, Risk Analysis selection
View graphical reports
Reports tab, View Dashboards selection
Managing Compliance
To do this:
Go to:
Define audit policies
Compliance tab, Manage Policies selection
Assign audit policies
Accounts tab, Compliance selection
Manage compliance violations
My Work Items tab, Remediations selection
Set up Periodic Access Reviews
Compliance tab, Manage Access Scans selection
Monitor Periodic Access Reviews
Compliance tab, Access Reviews selection
View Audit reports
Reports tab, Auditor Report type selection
Chapter 2
Getting Started with Identity Manager
57
Where to Go from Here
Table 2-1
Identity Manager Interface Task Reference(Continued)
Managing Identity Manager Tasks
To do this:
Go to:
Run a defined task (or process)
Server Tasks tab, Run Tasks selection
Schedule a task
Server Tasks tab, Manage Schedule selection
View Task results
Server Tasks tab, Find Tasks or All Tasks selection
Suspend or terminate a task
Server Tasks tab, All Tasks selection
Managing Service Provider Users
To do this:
Go to:
Manage Service Provider Users
Accounts tab, Manage Service Provider Users selection
Manage Service Provider Transactions
Server Tasks tab, Service Provider Transactions selection
Configure Service Provider features
Service Provider tab, Edit Main Configuration selection
Configure Transaction defaults
Service Provider tab, Edit Transaction Configuration selection
Create or edit Service Provider policies
Security tab, Policies selection
Where to Go from Here
After you become familiar with Identity Manager interfaces and the ways that you
can find information, use the following reference to guide you to the topics you
want to focus on:
Chapter Topic
Description
Chapter 3, “User and Account Management” Describes the Accounts area of the interface and
provides procedures for managing user accounts.
Chapter 4, “Configuration”
Describes the configuration tasks and how to set
up Identity Manager objects.
Chapter 5, “Administration”
Explains how to create and manage Identity
Manager administrators and organizations.
Chapter 6, “Data Synchronization and
Loading”
Provides a guide to the features and tools you can
use to maintain current data in Identity Manager.
Chapter 7, “Reporting”
Describes the reports and how to generate them.
Chapter 8, “Task Templates”
Describes the Task Templates you can use to
configure certain workflow behaviors.
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Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Where to Go from Here
Chapter Topic
Description
Chapter 9, “PasswordSync”
Describes how to set up the PasswordSync utility
to synchronize password changes in Windows
Active Directory and Windows NT domains with
changes with Identity Manager.
Chapter 10, “Security”
Describes the security features and how to use
them.
Chapter 11, “Identity Auditing”
Describes how to define audit policies and manage
compliance.
Chapter 12, “Audit Logging”
Describes the audit logs and how the auditing
system works.
Chapter 13, “Service Provider
Administration”
Describes features for managing service provider
users.
Appendix A, “lh Reference”
Describes commands available from the Identity
Manager command line.
Appendix B, “Advanced Search for Online
Documentation”
Instructions for using advanced queries in the
online help to search the Identity Manager
documentation.
Appendix C, “Audit Log Database Schema”
Audit data schema values for the supported
database types and audit log database mappings
Appendix D, “Active Sync Wizard”
Used to configure Active Synchronization for
versions of Identity Manager prior to 7.0.
Chapter 2
Getting Started with Identity Manager
59
Where to Go from Here
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Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Chapter 3
User and Account Management
This chapter provides information and procedures for managing users from the
Identity Manager Administrator interface. You will learn about Identity Manager
users and account management tasks, including:
•
About User Account Data
•
The Accounts Area of the Interface
•
Working with User Accounts
•
Finding Accounts
•
Bulk Account Actions
•
Working with User Account Passwords
•
Managing Account Security and Privileges
•
User Self-Discovery
•
Correlation and Confirmation Rules
About User Account Data
A user is anyone who holds an Identity Manager system account. Identity Manager
stores a range of data for each user. Collectively, this information forms a user’s
Identity Manager identity.
Viewed from the Create User page (Accounts tab) of the Administrator interface,
Identity Manager categorizes user data in these areas:
•
Identity
•
Assignments
61
About User Account Data
•
Security
•
Delegations
•
Attributes
•
Compliance
Identity
The Identity area defines a user’s account ID, name, contact information, governing
organization, and Identity Manager account password. It also identifies the
resources to which the user has access, and the password policy governing each
resource account.
NOTE
For information about setting up account password policies, read
the section in this chapter titled “Working with User Account
Passwords” on page 87.
The following figure illustrates the Identity area of the Create User page.
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Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
About User Account Data
Figure 3-1
Create User - Identity
Assignments
The Assignments area sets limits for access to Identity Manager objects, such as
resources.
Click the Assignments form tab to set up the following assignments:
•
Identity Manager account policy assignment — Establishes password and
authentication limits.
•
Roles assignment — Profiles a class of users. Roles define user access to
resources through indirect assignment.
•
Resources and resource groups access — Shows available resources and
resource groups that can be directly assigned to the user, and resources that
can be excluded from user access. These supplement resources that are
indirectly assigned to the user through role assignment.
Chapter 3
User and Account Management
63
About User Account Data
Security
In Identity Manager terminology, a user who is assigned extended capabilities is an
Identity Manager administrator. Use the Security tab to establish these extended
administrative capabilities for the user, through the following assignments:
•
Admin roles — Combines a specific, unique set of capabilities and controlled
organizations, facilitating coordinated assignment to administrative users.
•
Capabilities — Enables rights in the Identity Manager system. Each Identity
Manager administrator is assigned one or more capabilities, frequently aligned
with job responsibilities.
•
Controlled organizations — Assigns organizations that this user has rights to
manage as an administrator. He can manage objects in the assigned
organization and in any organizations below that organization in the
hierarchy.
.
NOTE
To have administrator capabilities, a user must be assigned at least
one Admin role or one or more capabilities AND one or more
controlled organizations. For more information about Identity
Manager administrators, see“Understanding Identity Manager
Administration” on page 152.
•
User Form — Specifies the user form that the administrator will use when
creating and editing users. If None is selected, the administrator will inherit
the user form assigned to his organization.
•
View User Form — Specifies the user form that the administrator will use
when viewing users. If None is selected, the administrator will inherit the view
user form assigned to his organization.
Delegations
The Delegations tab on the Create User page lets you delegate work items to other
users for a specified length of time. For more information about delegating work
items, read “Delegating Work Items” on page 196.
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About User Account Data
Attributes
The Attributes tab on the Create User page defines account attributes associated
with assigned resources. Listed attributes are categorized by assigned resource,
and differ depending on which resources are assigned.
Compliance
The Compliance tab:
•
Lets you select the attestation and remediation forms for the user account.
•
Specifies the assigned audit policies for the user account, including those in
effect through the user’s Organization assignment. These policy assignments
can be changed only by editing the user’s current organization or moving the
user to another Organization.
•
Indicates the current status of policy scans, violations, and exemptions (as
illustrated by the following figure), if applicable for the user account. The
information includes the date and time of the last audit policy scan for the
selected user.
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About User Account Data
Figure 3-2
Create User page - Compliance tab
To assign audit policies, move selected policies from the Available Audit Policies
list to the Current Audit Policies list.
.
NOTE
66
You can also access the information on the Compliance tab by
selecting View Compliance Status in the User Actions list. To view
compliance violations logged for a user for a specific time period,
select View Compliance Violation Log from the User Actions list
and specify the range of entries to view.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
The Accounts Area of the Interface
The Accounts Area of the Interface
The Identity Manager accounts area lets you manage Identity Manager users. To
access this area, select Accounts from the Administrator interface menu bar.
The accounts list shows all Identity Manager user accounts. Accounts are grouped
in organizations and virtual organizations, which are represented hierarchically in
folders.
You can sort the accounts list by full name (Name), user last name (Last Name), or
user first name (First Name). Click the header bar to sort by a column. Clicking the
same header bar toggles between ascending and descending sort order. When you
sort by full name (the Name column), then all items in the hierarchy, at all levels,
are sorted alphabetically.
To expand the hierarchical view and see accounts in an organization, click the
triangular indicator next to a folder. Collapse the view by clicking the indicator
again.
Actions Lists in the Accounts Area
Use the actions lists (located at the top and bottom of the accounts area, as shown
in Figure 3-3), to perform a range of actions. Actions list selections are divided
among:
•
New Actions — Create users, organizations, and directory junctions.
•
User Actions — Edit, view, and change status of users; change and reset
passwords; delete, enable, disable, unlock, move, update, and rename users;
and run a user audit report.
•
Organization Actions — Perform a range of organization and user actions.
Figure 3-3
Accounts List
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Working with User Accounts
Searching in the Accounts List Area
Use the accounts area search feature to locate users and organizations. Select
Organizations or Users from the list, enter one or more characters that the user or
organization name starts with in the search area, and then click Search. For more
details about searching in the accounts area, see “Finding Accounts” on page 80.
User Account Status
Icons that display next to each user account indicate current, assigned account
status. Table 3-1 describes what each icon represents.
Table 3-1
Indicator
User Account Status Icon Descriptions
Status
The Identity Manager user account is locked. This means that a user is locked out of a resource
account because unsuccessful login attempts have exceeded the limit established for the
resource.
The Identity Manager administrator account is locked.
The account is disabled on all assigned resources and on Identity Manager. (When an account
is enabled, no icon appears.)
The account is partially disabled, meaning that it is disabled on one or more assigned resources.
The system attempted but failed to create or update the Identity Manager user account on one or
more resources. (When an account is updated on all assigned resources, no icon appears.)
Working with User Accounts
From the Administrator interface Accounts area, you can perform a range of
actions on the following system objects:
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Working with User Accounts
•
Users — View, create, edit, move, rename, deprovision, enable, disable,
update, unlock, delete, unassign, unlink, and audit
•
Passwords — Change and reset
•
Organizations — Create, edit, refresh, and perform user actions on members
of the organization.
•
Directory Junctions — Create
Users
The topics in this section focus on managing user accounts. For information about
other administrative-level tasks, such as managing organizations, see Chapter 5,
“Administration.”
View
To view user account details, select a user in the list, and then select View from the
User Actions list.
The View User page displays a subset of the identity, assignments, security, and
attributes information selections made when editing or creating the user. The
information on the View User page cannot be edited. Click Cancel to return to the
Accounts list.
Create (New Actions List, New User Selection)
To create a user account, select New User from the New Actions list. If you want to
create a user in an organization other than Top, select an organization folder, and
then select New User from the New Actions list.
Selections available in one area may depend on selections you make in another.
The Create User page (defined by the user form), enables you to set up the following
items for a user account:
•
Identity — Name, email, organization, and password details
•
Assignments — Account policy, roles, and resources
•
Security — Organizations and capabilities
•
Delegations — Work item delegations
•
Attributes — Specific attributes for assigned resources
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Working with User Accounts
To better reflect your business processes or specific administrator capabilities, you
can configure the user form specifically for your environment. For more
information about customizing the user form, see Identity Manager Workflows,
Forms, and Views.
Click the tabs on the Create User page to navigate through the create-user setup.
You can move among the tabs in any order. When your selections are complete,
you have two options for saving a user account:
•
Save — Saves the user account. If you assign a large number of resources to the
account, this process could take some time.
•
Background Save — This process saves a user account as a background task,
which allows you to continue working in Identity Manager. A task status
indicator displays on the Accounts page, the Find User Results page, and the
Home page, for each save in progress.
Status indicators, as described in the following table, help you monitor the
progress of the save process.
Table 3-2
Description of Background Save Task Status Indicators
Status Indicator
Status
The save process is in progress.
The save process is suspended. Often, this means that the process is
waiting for approval.
The process completed successfully. This does not mean that the user was
successfully saved; rather that the process completed with no errors.
The process has not yet started.
The process completed with one or more errors.
By moving your mouse over the user icon that displays within the status indicator,
you can see details about the background save process.
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NOTE
.If sunrise is configured, creating a user creates a work item that can
be viewed from the Approvals tab. Approving this item overrides
the sunrise date and creates the account; rejecting the item cancels
account creation. For more information about configuring sunrise,
see “Configuring the Sunrise and Sunset Tab” on page 280.
Creating Multiple User Accounts (Identities)
You can create more than one user account on a single resource. When you create
(or edit) a user, and then assign the user one or more resources, you can also
request and define an additional account on that resource.
Edit
To edit account information, choose one of the following actions:
•
Click a user account in the accounts list.
•
Select a user account in the list, and then select Edit from the User Actions list.
After you make and save changes, Identity Manager displays the Update Resource
Accounts page. This page shows resource accounts assigned to the user and the
changes that will apply to the account. Select Update All resource accounts to
apply changes to all assigned resources; or individually select none, one, or more
resource accounts associated with the user to update.
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Working with User Accounts
Figure 3-4
Edit User (Update Resource Accounts)
Click Save again to complete the edit, or click Return to Edit to make further
changes.
Move Users (User Actions)
The Change Organization of User task allows you to remove a user from his
currently assigned organization and then reassign, or move, the user to a new
organization.
To move users to a different organization, select one or more user accounts in the
list, and then select Move from the User Actions list.
Rename (User Actions)
Typically, renaming an account on a resource is a complex action. Because of this,
Identity Manager provides a separate feature to rename a user’s Identity Manager
account, or one or more resource accounts, that are associated with that user.
To use the rename feature, select a user account in the list, and then select the
Rename option from the User Actions list.
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The Rename User page allows you to change the user account name, associated
resource account names, and resource account attributes associated with the user’s
Identity Manager account.
NOTE
Some resource types do not support account renaming.
As shown in the following figure, the user has an assigned Active Directory
resource. During the renaming process, you can change:
•
Identity Manager user account name
•
Active Directory resource account name
•
Active Directory resource attribute (fullname)
Figure 3-5
Rename User
Disable Users (User Actions, Organization Actions)
When you disable a user account, you alter that account so that the user can no
longer log in to Identity Manager or to his assigned resource accounts.
NOTE
For assigned resources that do not support account disabling, the
user account is disabled through assignment of a new, randomly
generated password.
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Disabling Single User Accounts
To disable a user account, select it in the list, and then select Disable from the User
Actions list.
On the displayed Disable page, select the resource accounts to disable, and then
click OK. Identity Manager displays the results of disabling the Identity Manager
user account and all associated resource accounts. The accounts list indicates that
the user account is disabled.
Figure 3-6 illustrates a disabled account on the Disable page.
Figure 3-6
74
Disabled Account
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Working with User Accounts
Disabling Multiple User Accounts
You can disable two or more Identity Manager user accounts at the same time.
Select more than one user account in the list, and then select Disable from the User
Actions list.
.
NOTE
When you choose to disable multiple user accounts, you cannot
select individually assigned resource accounts from each user
account. Rather, this process disables all resources on all user
accounts you select.
Enable Users (User Actions, Organization Actions)
User account enabling reverses the disabling process. For resources that do not
support account enabling, Identity Manager generates a new, random password.
Depending on selected notification options, it also displays that password on the
administrator’s results page.
The user can then reset his password (through the authentication process), or a
user with administrator privileges can reset it.
Enabling Single User Accounts
To enable a user account, select it in the list, and then select Enable from the User
Actions list.
On the displayed Enable page, select the resources to enable, and then click OK.
Identity Manager displays the results of enabling the Identity Manager account
and all associated resource accounts.
Enabling Multiple User Accounts
You can enable two or more Identity Manager user accounts at the same time.
Select more than one user account in the list, and then select Enable from the User
Actions list.
NOTE
When you choose to enable multiple user accounts, you cannot
select individually assigned resource accounts from each user
account. Rather, this process enables all resources on all user
accounts you select.
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Working with User Accounts
Update Users (User Actions, Organization Actions)
In an update action, Identity Manager updates the resources that are associated
with a user account. Updates performed from the accounts area send any pending
changes that were previously made to a user to the resources selected. This
situation may occur if:
•
A resource was unavailable when updates were made.
•
A change was made to a role or resource group that needed to be pushed to all
users assigned to that role or resource group. In this case, you should use the
Find User page to search for users, and then select one or more users on which
to perform the update action.
When you update the user account, you have the following options:
•
Choose whether assigned resource accounts will receive the updated
information.
•
Update all resource accounts, or select individual accounts from a list.
Updating Single User Accounts
To update a user account, select it in the list, and then select Update from the User
Actions list.
On the Update Resource Accounts page, select one or more resources to update, or
select Update All resource accounts to update all assigned resource accounts.
When finished, click OK to begin the update process. Alternatively, click Save in
Background to perform the action as a background process.
A confirmation page confirms the data sent to each resource.
Figure 3-7 illustrates the Update Resource Accounts page. In the figure, Lighthouse
refers to Identity Manager.
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Figure 3-7
Update Resource Accounts
Updating Multiple Accounts
You can update two or more Identity Manager user accounts at the same time.
Select more than one user account in the list, and then select Update from the User
Actions list.
NOTE
When you choose to update multiple user accounts, you cannot
select individually assigned resource accounts from each user
account. Rather, this process updates all resources on all user
accounts you select.
Unlock Users (User Actions, Organization Actions)
A user can be locked out of one or more resource accounts because his login retry
attempts have exceeded the login limits established for that resource. The user’s
effective Lighthouse account policy establishes the maximum number of failed
password or question login attempts that can be made.
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When a user is locked because he exceeds the maximum number of failed
password login attempts, then he is not allowed to authenticate to any Identity
Manager application interface, including the User interface, Administrator
interface, Forgot My Password, Identity Manager IDE, SOAP, and console. If he is
locked because he exceeds the maximum number of failed question login attempts,
then he can authenticate to any Identity Manager application interface except
Forgot My Password.
Failed Password Login Attempts
If locked due to failed password login attempts, a user account will remain locked
until:
•
An administrative user unlocks it. To successfully unlock the account, the
administrator must be assigned the Unlock User capability, and must have
administrative control of the user’s member organization.
•
The current date and time is later than the user’s lock expiration date and time,
if a lock expiration date and time was set. (The Lock Timeout value in the
Lighthouse Account Policy sets lock expiration.)
Failed Question Login Attempts
If locked due to exceeding the maximum number of failed question login attempts,
a user account will remain locked until one of the following actions occurs:
•
An administrative user unlocks it. To successfully unlock the account, the
administrator must be assigned the Unlock User capability, and must have
administrative control of the user’s member organization.
•
The locked user, or a user with appropriate capabilities changes or resets the
user’s password.
An administrator with appropriate capabilities can perform the following
operations on a user in locked state:
78
•
Update (including resource re-provisioning)
•
Change or reset password
•
Disable or enable
•
Rename
•
Unlock
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Working with User Accounts
A user in locked state cannot log in to any Identity Manager application, including
the Administrator interface, User interface, and Identity Manager IDE. This
limitation applies irrespective of whether the user attempts to log in with his
Identity Manager user ID and password, by providing his user ID and answers to
authentication questions, or by passthrough to one or more resources.
To unlock accounts, select one or more user accounts in the list, and then select
Unlock Users from the User Actions or Organization Actions list.
Deletion (User Actions, Organization Actions)
Delete actions include several options that remove Identity Manager user account
access from a resource:
•
Delete — For each resource selected, Identity Manager deletes the associated
resource account. The selected resources are also unlinked from the Identity
Manager user.
•
Unassign — For each resource selected, Identity Manager removes the
associated resource from the user's list of assigned resources. The selected
resources are unlinked from the user. The associated resource account is not
deleted.
•
Unlink — For each resource selected, Identity Manager removes the associated
resource account information from the Identity Manager user.
NOTE
If you unlink an account that has been indirectly assigned to the user
through a role or resource group, the link may be restored when the
user is updated.
To begin a delete action, select a user account, and then select the appropriate
deletion action from the User Actions or Organization Actions list.
Identity Manager displays the Delete Resource Accounts page.
Deleting the User Account and Resource Accounts
To delete an Identity Manager user account or resource accounts, make selections
in the Delete column, and then click OK. To delete all resource accounts, select the
Delete All resource accounts option, and then click OK.
Unassigning or Unlinking Resource Accounts
To unassign or unlink resource accounts from the Identity Manager user account,
make individual selections in the Unassign or Unlink columns, and then click OK.
To unassign all resource accounts, select the Unassign All resource accounts or
Unlink All resource accounts option, and then click OK.
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Finding Accounts
Figure 3-8
Delete User Account and Resource Accounts
Passwords
You can use the Change Password and Reset Password User Actions to invoke the
Edit User page and change or reset user passwords for the selected user. Also see
“Working with User Account Passwords” on page 87.
Finding Accounts
The Identity Manager find feature lets you search for user accounts. After you enter
and select search parameters, Identity Manager finds all accounts that match your
selections.
To search for accounts, select Accounts from the menu bar, and then select Find
Users. You can search for accounts by one or more of these search types:
80
•
Account detail, such as user name, email address, or last name, or first name.
These choices depend on your institution's specific Identity Manager
implementation.
•
User’s manager.
•
Resource account status, including:
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Finding Accounts
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
•
Partially Disabled — User cannot access one or more assigned resource
accounts.
Enabled — User has access to all assigned resource accounts.
User account status, including:
вќЌ
вќЌ
•
Disabled — User cannot access any Identity Manager or assigned resource
accounts.
Locked — User account is locked because the maximum number of failed
password or question login attempts exceeds the maximum allowed.
Not Locked — User account access is not restricted
Update status, including:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
no — User accounts that have not been updated on any resource.
some — User accounts that have been updated on at least one, but not all,
assigned resources.
all — User accounts that have been updated on all assigned resources.
•
Assigned resource
•
Role
•
Organization
•
Organizational control
•
Capabilities
•
Admin role
The search results list shows all accounts that match your search. From the results
page, you can:
•
Select user accounts to edit. To edit an account, click it in the search results list;
or select it in the list, and then click Edit.
•
Perform actions (such as enable, disable, unlock, delete, update, or
change/reset passwords) on one or more accounts. To perform an action, select
one or more accounts in the search results list, and then click the appropriate
action.
•
Create user accounts.
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Bulk Account Actions
Figure 3-9
User Account Search Results
Bulk Account Actions
You can perform several bulk actions on Identity Manager accounts, which allow
you to act on multiple accounts at the same time. You can initiate the following
Bulk actions:
82
•
Delete — Deletes, unassigns, and unlinks any selected resource accounts.
Select the Target the Identity Manager Account option to delete each user’s
Identity Manager account.
•
Delete and Unlink — Deletes any selected resource accounts and unlinks the
accounts from the users.
•
Disable — Disables any selected resource accounts. Select the Target the
Identity Manager Account option to disable each user's Identity Manager
account.
•
Enable — Enables any selected resource accounts. Select the Target the
Identity Manager Account option to enable each user’s Identity Manager
account.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Bulk Account Actions
•
Unassign, Unlink— Unlinks any selected resource accounts and removes the
Identity Manager user account's assignments to those resources. Unassigning
does not remove the account from the resource. You cannot unassign an
account that has been indirectly assigned to the Identity Manager user through
a role or resource group.
•
Unlink — Removes a resource account’s association (link) with the Identity
Manager user account. Unlinking does not remove the account from the
resource. If you unlink an account that has been indirectly assigned to the
Identity Manager user through a role or resource group, the link may be
restored when the user is updated.
Bulk actions work best if you have a list of users in a file or application, such as an
email client or spreadsheet program. You can copy and paste the list into a field on
this interface page, or you can load the list of users from a file.
Many of these actions can be performed on the results of a user search. Search for
users on the Find Users page under the Accounts tab.
You can save the results of a bulk account operation to a CSV file by clicking
Download CSV when the task results appear upon completion of the task.
Launching Bulk Account Actions
To launch bulk account actions, select or enter values, and then click Launch.
Identity Manager launches a background task to perform the bulk actions.
To monitor the status of the bulk actions task, go to the Tasks tab, and then click
the task link.
Using Action Lists
You can specify a list of bulk actions using comma-separated values (CSV) format.
This allows you to provide a mix of different action types in a single action list. In
addition, you can specify more complicated creation and update actions.
The CSV format consists of two or more input lines. Each line consists of a list of
values separated by commas. The first line contains field names. The remaining
lines each correspond to an action to be performed on an Identity Manager user,
the user's resource accounts, or both. Each line should contain the same number of
values. Empty values will leave the corresponding field value unchanged.
Two fields are required in any bulk action CSV input:
•
user — Contains the name of the Identity Manager user.
•
command — Contains the action taken on the Identity Manager user. Valid
commands are:
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Bulk Account Actions
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
Delete — Deletes, unassigns, and unlinks resource accounts, the Identity
Manager account, or both.
DeleteAndUnlink — Deletes and unlinks resource accounts.
Disable — Disables resource accounts, the Identity Manager account, or
both.
Enable — Enables resource accounts, the Identity Manager account, or
both.
вќЌ
Unassign — Unassigns and unlinks resource accounts.
вќЌ
Unlink — Unlinks resource accounts.
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
Create — Creates the Identity Manager account. Optionally creates
resource accounts.
Update — Updates the Identity Manager account. Optionally creates,
updates, or deletes resource accounts.
CreateOrUpdate — Performs a create action if the Identity Manager
account does not already exist. Otherwise, it performs an update action.
Delete, DeleteAndUnlink, Disable, Enable, Unassign, and Unlink
Commands
If you are performing Delete, DeleteAndUnlink, Disable, Enable, Unassign, or
Unlink actions, the only additional field you need to specify is resources. Use the
resources field to specify which accounts on which resources will be affected. It can
have the following values:
•
all — Process all resource accounts including the Identity Manager account.
•
resonly — Process all of the resource accounts excluding the Identity Manager
account.
•
resource_name [ | resource_name ... ] — Process the specified resource accounts.
Specify Identity Manager to process the Identity Manager account.
The following is an example of the CSV format for several of these actions:
command,user,resources
Delete,John Doe,all
Disable,Jane Doe,resonly
Enable,Henry Smith,Identity Manager
Unlink,Jill Smith,Windows Active Directory|Solaris Server
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Bulk Account Actions
Create, Update, and CreateOrUpdate Commands
If you are performing Create, Update, or CreateOrUpdate commands, then you can
specify fields from the User View in addition to the user and command fields. The
field names used are the path expressions for the attributes in the views. See
Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views for information on the attributes that
are available in the User View. If you are using a customized User Form, then the
field names in the form contain some of the path expressions that you can use.
Some of the more common path expressions used in bulk actions are:
•
waveset.roles — A list of one or more role names to assign to the Identity
Manager account.
•
waveset.resources — A list of one or more resource names to assign to the
Identity Manager account.
•
waveset.applications — A list of one or more role names to assign to the
Identity Manager account.
•
waveset.organization — The organization name in which to place the Identity
Manager account.
•
accounts[resource_name].attribute_name — A resource account attribute. The
names of the attributes are listed in the schema for the resource.
The following is an example of the CSV format for create and update actions:
command,user,waveset.resources,password.password,password.confirmPassword,
accounts[Windows Active Directory].description,accounts[Corporate
Directory].location
Create,John Doe,Windows Active Directory|Solaris
Server,changeit,changeit,John Doe - 888-555-5555,
Create,Jane Smith,Corporate Directory,changeit,changeit,,New York
CreateOrUpdate,Bill Jones,,,,,California
Fields with More Than One Value
Some fields can have multiple values. These are known as multivalued fields. For
example, the waveset.resources field can be used to assign multiple resources to a
user. You can use the vertical bar (|) character (also known as the “pipe”
character), to separate multiple values in a field. The syntax for multiple values can
be specified as follows:
value0 | value1 [ | value2 ... ]
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Bulk Account Actions
When updating multivalued fields on existing users, replacing the current field's
values with one or more new values may not be what you want. You may want to
remove some values or add to the current values. You can use field directives to
specify how to treat the existing field's values. Field directives go in front of the
field value and are surrounded by the vertical bar character, as follows:
|directive [ ; directive ] | field values
You can choose from the following directives:
•
Replace — Replace the current values with the specified values. This is the
default if no directive (or just the List directive) is specified.
•
Merge — Add the specified values to the current values. Duplicate values are
filtered.
•
Remove — Remove the specified values from the current values.
•
List — Force the field's value to be handled as if it had multiple values, even if
it only has a single value. This directive is not usually needed as most fields are
handled appropriately regardless of the number of values. This is the only
directive that can be specified with another directive.
NOTE
Field values are case-sensitive. This is important when specifying
the Merge and Remove directives. The values must match exactly to
correctly remove values or avoid having multiple similar values
when merging.
Special Characters in Field Values
If you have a field value with a comma (,) or double quote (“) character, or you
want to preserve leading or trailing spaces, you must embed your field value
within a pair of double quotes (“field_value”). You then need to replace double
quotes in the field value with two double quote (") characters. For example, "John
""Johnny"" Smith" results in a field value of John "Johnny" Smith.
If you have a field value with a vertical bar (|) or backslash (\) character in it, you
must precede it with a backslash (\| or \\).
Bulk Action View Attributes
When the Create, Update, or CreateOrUpdate actions are performed, there are
additional attributes in the User View that are only used or available during bulk
action processing. These attributes can be referenced in the User Form to allow
behavior specific to bulk actions. The attributes are as follows:
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•
waveset.bulk.fields.field_name — These attributes contain the values for the
fields that were read in from the CSV input, where field_name is the name of the
field. For example, the command and user fields are in the attributes with path
expressions waveset.bulk.fields.command and waveset.bulk.fields.user,
respectively.
•
waveset.bulk.fieldDirectives.field_name — These attributes are only defined
for those fields for which a directive was specified. The value is the directive
string.
•
waveset.bulk.abort — Set this Boolean attribute to true to abort the current
action.
•
waveset.bulk.abortMessage — Set this to a message string to display when
waveset.bulk.abort is set to true. If this attribute is not set, a generic abort
message is displayed.
Working with User Account Passwords
All Identity Manager users are assigned a password. When set, the Identity
Manager user password is used to synchronize the user’s resource account
passwords. If one or more resource account passwords cannot be synchronized (for
example, to comply with required password policies), you can set them
individually.
Changing User Account Passwords
To change a user account password:
1.
From the menu bar, select Passwords.
By default, the Change User Password page, shown in the following figure,
appears.
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Working with User Account Passwords
Figure 3-10
Change User Password
2.
Select a search term (such as account name, email address, last name, or first
name), and then a search type (starts with, contains, or is).
3.
Type one or more letters of a search term in the entry field, and then click Find.
Identity Manager returns a list of all users whose IDs contain the entered
characters. Click to select a user and return to the Change User Password page.
4.
Enter and confirm new password information, and then click Change
Password to change the user password on the listed resource accounts.
Identity Manager displays a workflow diagram that shows the sequence of
actions taken to change the password.
Resetting User Account Passwords
The process for resetting Identity Manager user account passwords is similar to the
change process. The reset process differs from a password change in that you do
not specify a new password. Rather, Identity Manager randomly generates a new
password (depending on your selections and password policies) for the user
account, resource accounts, or a combination of these.
The policy assigned to the user — either by direct assignment or through the user’s
organization — controls several reset options, including:
•
88
How often a password may be reset before resets are disabled
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Managing Account Security and Privileges
•
Where the new password is displayed or sent. Depending on the Reset
Notification Option selected for the role, Identity Manager emails the new
password to the user or displays it (on the Results page) to the Identity
Manager administrator requesting the reset.
Password Expiration on Reset
By default, when you reset a user password, it is immediately expired. This means
that after reset, the first time a user logs in, he must select a new password before
gaining access. This default can be overridden in the form, such that the user's
password will expire according to the expire password policy set in the Lighthouse
Account Policy associated with the user instead.
For example, in the Reset User Password Form, you would set
resourceAccounts.currentResourceAccounts[Lighthouse].expirePassword to a
value of false.
There are two ways to expire a password via the Reset Option field in the
Lighthouse Account Policy:
•
permanent — The time period specified in the passwordExpiry policy attribute
is used to calculate the relative date from the current date when the password
is reset, and then set that date on the user. If no value is specified, the changed
or reset password never expires.
•
temporary — The time period specified in the tempPasswordExpiry policy
attribute is used to calculate the relative date from the current date when the
password is reset, and then set that date on the user. If no value is specified, the
changed or reset password never expires. If tempPasswordExpiry is set to a
value of 0, then the password is expired immediately.
The tempPasswordExpiry attribute applies only when passwords are reset
(randomly changed); it does not apply to password changes.
Managing Account Security and Privileges
This section discusses actions you can take to provide secure access for user
accounts and to manage user privileges in Identity Manager.
•
Setting Password Policies
•
User Authentication
•
Assigning Administrative Privileges
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Managing Account Security and Privileges
Setting Password Policies
Resource password policies establish the limitations for passwords. Strong
password policies provide added security to help protect resources from
unauthorized login attempts. You can edit a password policy to set or select values
for a range of characteristics.
To begin working with password policies, select Security from the menu bar, and
then select Policies.
To edit a password policy, select it from the Policies list. To create a password
policy, select String Quality Policy from the New list of options.
Creating a Policy
Password policies are the default type for string quality policies. After naming and
providing an optional description for the new policy, you will select options and
parameters for the rules that define it.
Length Rules
Length rules set the minimum and maximum required character length for a
password. Select this option to enable the rule, and then enter a limit value for the
rule.
Character Type Rules
Character type rules establish the minimum and maximum characters of certain
types and number that can be included in a password. These include:
•
Minimum and maximum alphabetic, numeric, uppercase, lowercase, and
special characters
•
Minimum and maximum embedded numeric characters
•
Maximum repetitive and sequential characters
•
Minimum beginning alphabetic and numeric characters
Enter a numeric limit value for each character type rule; or enter All to indicate that
all characters must be of that type.
Minimum Number of Character Type Rules. You can also set the minimum
number of character type rules that must pass validation, as illustrated in
Figure 3-11. The minimum number that must pass is one. The maximum cannot
exceed the number of character type rules that you have enabled.
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Managing Account Security and Privileges
NOTE
Figure 3-11
To set the minimum number that must pass to the highest value,
enter All.
Password Policy (Character Type) Rules
Dictionary Policy Selection
You can choose to check passwords against words in a dictionary. Before you can
use this option, you must:
•
Configure the dictionary
•
Load dictionary words
You configure the dictionary from the Policies page. For more information about
how to set up the dictionary, read the chapter titled Configuring Dictionary
Support in Identity Manager Deployment Tools.
Password History Policy
You can prohibit re-use of passwords that were used immediately preceding a
newly selected password.
In the Number of Previous Passwords that Cannot be Reused field, enter a numeric
value greater than one to prohibit re-use of the current and preceding passwords.
For example, if you enter a numeric value of 3, the new password cannot be the
same as the current password or the two passwords used immediately before it.
You can also prohibit re-use of similar characters from passwords used previously.
In the Maximum Number of Similar Characters from Previous Passwords that
Cannot be Reused field, enter the number of consecutive characters from the
previous password or passwords that cannot be repeated in the new password. For
example, if you enter a value of 7, and the previous password was password1, then
the new password cannot be password2 or password3.
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If you enter a value of 0, then all characters must be different regardless of
sequence. For example, if the previous password was abcd, then the new password
cannot include the characters a, b, c, or d.
The rule can apply to one or more previous passwords. The number of previous
passwords checked is the number specified in the Number of Previous Passwords
that Cannot be Reused field.
Must Not Contain Words
You can enter one or more words that the password may not contain. In the entry
box, enter one word on each line.
You can also exclude words by configuring and implementing the dictionary
policy. For more information, see “Dictionary Policy” on page 140.
Must Not Contain Attributes
Select one or more attributes that the password may not contain. Attributes
include:
•
accountID
•
email
•
firstname
•
fullname
•
lastname
You can change the allowed set of “must not contain” attributes for passwords in
the UserUIConfig configuration object. The password attributes in UserUIConfig
are listed in <PolicyPasswordAttributeNames>.
Implementing Password Policies
Password policies are established for each resource. To put a password policy in
place for a specific resource, select it from the Password Policy list of options,
which is located in the Policy Configuration area of the Create or Edit Resource
Wizard: Identity Manager Parameters pages.
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User Authentication
If a user forgets his password or his password is reset, he can answer one or more
account authentication questions to gain access to Identity Manager. You establish
these questions, and the rules that govern them, as part of an Identity Manager
account policy. Unlike password policies, Identity Manager account policies are
assigned to the user directly or through the organization assigned to the user (on
the Create and Edit User pages).
To set up authentication in an account policy:
1.
Select Security from the menu bar, and then select Policies.
2.
Select Default Identity Manager Account Policy from the list of policies.
Authentication selections are offered in the Secondary Authentication Policy
Options area of the page.
Important! When first set up, the user should log in to the User interface and
provide initial answers to his authentication questions. If these answers are not set,
the user cannot successfully log in without his password.
Depending on the authentication rules set, you can require a user to respond to the
following:
•
All authentication questions
•
Any one of the authentication questions
•
Randomly selected questions from the set; the number of questions is
determined by a value you specify
•
One or more questions selected in sequence from the set
You can verify your authentication choices by logging in to the Identity Manager
User interface, clicking Forgot Your Password?, and answering the presented
question or questions.
Figure 3-12 shows an example of the User Account Authentication screen.
Figure 3-12
User Account Authentication
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Personalized Authentication Questions
In the Lighthouse account policy, you can select an option to allow users to supply
their own authentication questions in the User and Administrator interfaces. You
can additionally set the minimum number of questions that the user must provide
and answer to be able to log in successfully by using personalized authentication
questions.
Users then can add and change questions from the Change Answers to
Authentication Questions page. An example of this page is shown in Figure 3-13.
Figure 3-13
Change Answers — Personalized Authentication Questions
Bypassing the Change Password Challenge after Authentication
When a user successfully authenticates by answering one or more questions, by
default he is challenged by the system to provide a new password. You can
configure Identity Manager to bypass the change password challenge, however, by
setting the bypassChangePassword system configuration property for one or more
Identity Manager applications.
To bypass the change password challenge for all applications following successful
authentication, set the bypassChangePassword property as follows in the system
configuration object:
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Code Example 3-1
Setting the attribute to Bypass the Change Password Challenge
<Attribute name="ui"
<Object>
<Attribute name="web">
<Object>
<Attribute name='questionLogin'>
<Object>
<Attribute name='bypassChangePassword'>
<Boolean>true</Boolean>
</Attribute>
</Object>
</Attribute>
...
</Object>
...
To disable this password challenge for a specific application, set it as follows:
Code Example 3-2
Setting the attribute to disable the Change Password Challenge
<Attribute name="ui">
<Object>
<Attribute name="web">
<Object>
<Attribute name='user'>
<Object>
<Attribute name='questionLogin'>
<Object>
<Attribute name='bypassChangePassword'>
<Boolean>true</Boolean>
</Attribute>
</Object>
</Attribute>
</Object>
</Attribute>
...
</Object>
...
Assigning Administrative Privileges
You can assign Identity Manager administrative privileges, or capabilities, to users
as follows:
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User Self-Discovery
•
Admin Roles — Users assigned an Admin Role inherit the capabilities and
controlled organizations defined by the role. By default, all Identity Manager
user accounts are assigned the User Admin Role when created. For detailed
information about Admin Roles and creating an Admin Role, see “Configuring
Identity Manager Resources” in Chapter 4.
•
Capabilities — Capabilities are defined by rules. Identity Manager provides
sets of capabilities grouped into functional capabilities that you can select
from. Assigning capabilities allows for more granularity in assigning
administrative privileges. For information about capabilities and creating
capabilities, see “Understanding and Managing Capabilities” in Chapter 5.
•
Controlled organizations — Controlled organizations grant administrative
control privileges over specified organizations. For more information, see
Understanding Identity Manager Organizations in Chapter 5.
For more information about Identity Manager Administrators and administrative
duties, see Chapter 5, “Administration.”
User Self-Discovery
The Identity Manager User interface allows users to discover resource accounts.
This means that a user with an Identity Manager identity can associate it with an
existing, but unassociated, resource account.
Enabling Self-Discovery
To enable self-discovery, you must edit a special configuration object (End User
Resources) and add to it the name of each resource on which the user will be
allowed to discover accounts. Use the following steps to do this:
96
1.
Open the Identity Manager System Settings page (idm/debug).
2.
Select Configuration from the list of Configuration types, and then click List
Objects.
3.
Click Edit next to End User Resources to display the configuration object.
4.
Add <String>Resource</String>, where Resource matches the name of a
resource object in the repository, as illustrated in Figure 3-14.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Correlation and Confirmation Rules
Figure 3-14
5.
End User Resources Configuration Object
Click Save.
When self-discovery is enabled, the user is presented with a new selection under
the Profile menu tab on the Identity Manager User interface (Self Discovery). This
area allows the user to select a resource from an available list, and then enter the
resource account ID and password to link the account with his Identity Manager
identity.
Correlation and Confirmation Rules
Use correlation and confirmation rules when you do not have the Identity Manager
user name available to put in the user field of your actions. If you do not specify a
value for the user field, then you must specify a correlation rule when launching
the bulk action. If you do specify a value for the user field, then the correlation and
confirmation rules will not be evaluated for that action.
A correlation rule looks for Identity Manager users that match the action fields. A
confirmation rule tests an Identity Manager user against the action fields to
determine whether the user is a match. This two-stage approach allows Identity
Manager to optimize correlation by quickly finding possible users (based on name
or attributes), and by performing expensive checks only on the possible users.
Create a correlation or confirmation rule by creating a rule object with a subtype of
SUBTYPE_ACCOUNT_CORRELATION_RULE or SUBTYPE_ACCOUNT_CONFIRMATION_RULE,
respectively.
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Correlation and Confirmation Rules
For more information about correlation and confirmation rules, see the Data
Loading and Synchronization chapter in Identity Manager Technical Deployment
Overview.
Correlation Rules
Input for any correlation rule is a map of the action fields. Output must be one of
the following:
•
String (containing user name or ID)
•
List of String elements (each a user name or ID)
•
List of WSAttribute elements
•
List of AttributeCondition elements
A typical correlation rule generates a list of user names based on values of the
fields in the action. A correlation rule may also generate a list of attribute
conditions (referring to queryable attributes of Type.USER) that will be used to
select users.
A correlation rule should be relatively inexpensive but as selective as possible. If
possible, defer expensive processing to a confirmation rule.
Attribute conditions must refer to queryable attributes of Type.USER. These are
configured as QueryableAttrNames in the Identity Manager UserUIConfig object.
Correlating on an extended attribute requires special configuration:
•
The extended attribute must be specified as queryable in UserUIConfig (added
to the list of QueryableAttrNames).
•
The Identity Manager application (or the application server) may need to be
restarted for the UserUIConfig change to take effect.
Confirmation Rules
Inputs to any confirmation rule are as follows:
•
userview — Full view of an Identity Manager user.
•
account — Map of action fields.
A confirmation rule returns a string-form Boolean value of true if the user matches
the action fields; otherwise, it returns a value of false.
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Anonymous Enrollment
A typical confirmation rule compares internal values from the user view to the
values of the action fields. As an optional second stage in correlation processing,
the confirmation rule performs checks that cannot be expressed in a correlation
rule (or that are too expensive to evaluate in a correlation rule). In general, you
need a confirmation rule only for the following situations:
•
The correlation rule may return more than one matching user.
•
User values that must be compared are not queryable.
A confirmation rule is run once for each matching user returned by the correlation
rule.
Anonymous Enrollment
The anonymous enrollment feature allows a user without an Identity Manager
account to obtain one by request.
Enabling Anonymous Enrollment
By default, the anonymous enrollment feature is disabled. To enable it:
1.
Log in to the Administrator interface.
2.
Select Configure, and then select User Interface.
3.
In the Anonymous Enrollment area, select the Enable option, and then click
Save.
When a user logs in to the User interface, the Request Account button will now
display on the login page.
Configuring Anonymous Enrollment
From the Anonymous Enrollment area on the User Interface page, you can
configure these options for the anonymous enrollment process:
•
Notification Template — Specify the ID of an email template to use to send
notifications to the user requesting an account.
•
Require Privacy Policy — If selected, then the user must accept the privacy
policy before he can request an account. This is enabled by default.
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Anonymous Enrollment
•
Enable Validation — If selected, then the user must validate his employment
before he can request an account. This is enabled by default.
•
Process Launch URL — Enter a URL to specify which workflow will be used
for the anonymous enrollment process.
•
Enable Notifications — If selected, then a notification email will be sent to the
user when his account has been created.
•
Email Domain — Enter the name of the email domain to use to construct the
user's email address.
Click Save when finished.
User Enrollment Process
When a user logs on to the User interface, he can request an account by clicking
Request Account on the login page.
Identity Manager displays the first of two registration pages, which requests a first
name, last name, and employee ID. If the Enable Validation attribute is set to yes
(the default), then this information must be validated before the user can proceed
to the next page.
The verifyFirstname, verifyLastname, verifyEmployeeId, and
verifyEligibility rules in EndUserLibrary validate the information for each
attribute.
NOTES
You may need to modify one or more of these rules. In particular,
you should modify the rule that verifies the employee ID to use a
Web services call or Java class to verify the information.
If the Enable Validation attribute is disabled, then the initial registration page does
not display. In this case, you must modify the End User Anonymous Enrollment
Completion form to allow the user to enter information normally captured by the
initial validation form.
From the information provided on the Registration page, Identity Manager
generates:
100
•
An account ID (following the convention of first initial, last initial, employee
ID).
•
An email address in the form:
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Anonymous Enrollment
[email protected]
where EmailDomain is the domain set by the Email Domain attribute in
anonymous enrollment configuration.
•
The manager attribute (idmManager). You can set this attribute by modifying
the EndUserRuleLibrary:getIdmManager rule. By default, the manager is set to
Configurator. The administrator designated as the manager must approve the
user request before his account is provisioned.
•
The organization attribute. You can set this attribute by customizing the
EndUserRuleLibrary:getOrganization rule. By default, users are assigned to
the top of the organizational hierarchy (“Top”).
If the information provided by the user on the Registration page validates
correctly, then Identity Manager presents the user with the second Registration
page. Here the user must enter a password and password confirmation. If the
Require Privacy Policy attribute is set to yes, then the user must also select an
option to accept the terms of the privacy policy.
When the user clicks Register, Identity Manager presents a confirmation page. If
the Enable Notifications attribute is set to yes, then the page indicates the user will
receive email notification when he account has been created.
The account is created after the standard Create User process (including approvals
required by the idmManager attribute and policy settings) is complete.
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Chapter 4
Configuration
This chapter provides information and procedures for using the Administrator
Interface to set up Identity Manager objects and server processes. For more
information about Identity Manager objects, see “Identity Manager Objects ” on
page 37 of the Overview chapter.
NOTE
For information about configuring Identity Manager for a Service
Provider implementation, see Chapter 13, “Service Provider
Administration.”
This chapter is organized in the following topics:
•
Understanding and Managing Roles
•
Configuring Identity Manager Resources
•
Identity Manager ChangeLogs
•
Configuring Identity Attributes and Events
•
Configuring Identity Manager Policies
•
Customizing Email Templates
•
Configuring Audit Groups and Audit Events
•
Remedy Integration
•
Configuring Identity Manager Server Settings
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Understanding and Managing Roles
Understanding and Managing Roles
Read this section for information about setting up roles in Identity Manager.
What are Roles?
Identity Manager roles define the collection of resources on which accounts are
managed. Roles allow you to profile a class of users, grouping Identity Manager
users with similar characteristics.
You can assign each user to one or more roles, or to none. All users assigned to a
role share access to the same base group of resources.
All resources associated with a role are indirectly assigned to the user. Indirect
assignment differs from direct assignment, in which resources are specifically
selected for the user.
When you create or edit a role, Identity Manager launches the ManageRole
workflow. This workflow saves the new or updated role in the repository, and
allows you to insert approvals or other actions before the role is created or saved.
You assign roles to users through the Administrator Interface Create and Edit User
pages.
Creating Roles
You can create a role in one of the following ways:
1.
From the Identity Manager menu bar, select Roles.
2.
From the Roles page, click New.
The Create Role page allows you to:
вќЌ
Assign resources and resource groups to the role.
вќЌ
Select role approvers and make notification selections.
To learn more about the approval process, refer to “Account
Approvals” on page 198.
TIP
вќЌ
104
Exclude roles. This means that if this role is assigned to a user, the
excluded role or roles may not also be assigned.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Understanding and Managing Roles
вќЌ
Select the organizations to which this role will be available for assignment.
вќЌ
Edit attribute values for resources assigned to the role.
Editing Assigned Resource Attribute Values
In the Assigned Resources area on the Create Role page, click Set Attribute Values
to display a list of attributes for each resource assigned to the role. From this Edit
attributes page, you can specify new values for each attribute and determine how
attribute values are set. Identity Manager enables you to directly set values or use a
rule to set values; it also provides a range of options for overriding or merging with
existing values.
Make selections to establish values for each resource account attribute:
•
Value override — Select one of the following options:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
•
None — The default selection. No value is established.
Rule — Uses a rule to set the value. If you select this option, you must
select a rule name from the list.
Text — Uses specified text to set the value. If you select this option, you
must enter the text.
How to set — Select one of the following options:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
Default value — Makes the rule or text the default attribute value. The
user can change or override this value.
Set to value — Sets the attribute value as specified by the rule or text. The
value will be set and overrides any user changes.
Merge with value — Merges the current attribute value with the values
specified by the rule or text.
Merge with value, clear existing — Removes the current attribute values;
sets the value to a merger of values specified by this and other assigned
roles.
Remove from value — Removes the value specified by the rule or text
from the attribute value.
Authoritative set to value — Sets the attribute value as specified by the
rule or text. The value will be set and overrides any user changes. If you
remove the role, the new value is null, even if it previously existed on the
attribute.
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105
Understanding and Managing Roles
вќЌ
Authoritative merge with value — Merges the current attribute value
with the values specified by the rule or text. If you remove the role, the
new attribute value is null, even if it previously existed on the attribute.
For multi-valued attributes, you must edit the role object in the repository
to indicate that it holds a comma-separated value (CSV) string; for
example:
<RoleAttribute name='attrs role:Database Table:attrs' csv='true'>
вќЌ
Authoritative merge with value, clear existing — Removes the current
attribute values; sets the value to a merger of values specified by this and
other assigned roles. Clears the attribute value specified by this role if the
role is removed, if even it previously existed on the attribute.
•
Rule Name — If you select Rule in the Value override area, select a rule from
the list.
•
Text — If you select Text in the Value override area, enter text to be added to,
deleted from, or used as the attribute value.
Click OK to save your changes and return to the Create or Edit Role page.
Managing Roles
You can perform a range of actions on roles from the list of roles on the Roles page.
•
Edit roles — Select a role in the list of roles and in the page that opens modify
the attributes for the roles.
•
Find roles — In the Roles area, select Find Roles. You can search for roles by
one or more of these search types:
вќЌ
Name
вќЌ
Availability
вќЌ
Approver
вќЌ
Resource
вќЌ
Resource group
If you select more than one search type, the search must meet all specified criteria
to successfully return results. Search is not case-sensitive.
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•
Clone or rename a role — Select a role to edit, enter a new name in the Name
field, and then click Save. In the page that displays, click Create to create the
new role.
Renaming Roles
To rename a role, follow these steps:
1.
Select a role to edit.
2.
Enter a new name in the Name field, and then click Save.
Identity Manager displays the Create or Rename page.
3.
Click Rename to change the role name.
Synchronizing Identity Manager Roles and
Resource Roles
You can synchronize Identity Manager roles with roles created natively on a
resource. When synchronized, the resource is assigned, by default, to the role. This
applies to roles that are created with the task, as well as existing Identity Manager
roles that match one of the resource role names.
From the menu bar, select Tasks, and then select the Run Tasks tab to access the
Synchronize Identity System Roles with Resource Roles task page. To launch the
task, specify a name for the synchronization task, the resource, resource role
attribute to use, and the organizations to which the role will apply, and then click
Launch.
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107
Configuring Identity Manager Resources
Configuring Identity Manager Resources
Read this section for information and procedures to help you set up Identity
Manager resources.
What are Resources?
Identity Manager resources store information about how to connect to a resource
or system on which accounts are created. Identity Manager resources define the
relevant attributes about a resource and help specify how resource information is
displayed in Identity Manager.
Identity Manager provides resources for a wide range of resource types, including:
•
Mainframe security managers
•
Databases
•
Directory services
•
Operating systems
•
Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems
•
Messaging platforms
The Resources Area in the Interface
Identity Manager displays information about existing resources on the Resources
page.
To access resources, select Resources on the menu bar.
Resources are grouped by type, represented in the list by named folders. To
expand the hierarchical view and see currently defined resources, click the
indicator next to the folder. Collapse the view by clicking the indicator again.
When you expand a resource type folder, it dynamically updates and displays the
number of resource objects it contains (if it is a resource type that supports groups).
Some resources have additional objects you can manage, including the following:
108
•
Organizations
•
Organizational units
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Configuring Identity Manager Resources
•
Groups
•
Roles
Select an object from the resources list, and then make selections from one of these
options lists to initiate a management task:
•
Resource Actions — Perform a range of actions on resources, including edit,
active synchronization, rename, and delete; as well as work with resource
objects and manage resource connection.
•
Resource Object Actions — Edit, create, delete, rename, save as, and find
resource objects.
•
Resource Type Actions — Edit resource policies, work with the account index,
and configure managed resources.
When you create or edit a resource, Identity Manager launches the ManageResource
workflow. This workflow saves the new or updated resource in the repository, and
allows you to insert approvals or other actions before the resource is created or
saved.
Managing the Resources List
The list from which you can select resources to create is managed from the
Resources tab of the Administrator interface. Select Configure Managed Resources
from the Resource Type Actions options list to choose the resources that will
populate the resources list.
On the Managed Resources page, Identity Manager divides resources into two
categories:
•
Identity Manager resources — Resources included in this table are those most
commonly managed by Identity Manager. The table shows the resource type
and version. Choose one or more resources by selecting the option in the
Managed? column, and then click Save to add them to the resources list.
•
Custom resources — Use this page area to add custom resources to the
Resources list.
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109
Configuring Identity Manager Resources
To add a custom resource:
1.
Click Add Custom Resource to add a row to the table.
2.
Enter the resource class path for the resource, or enter your custom-developed
resource.
3.
Click Save to add the resource to the Resources list.
Table 4-1 lists custom resource classes.
.
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Table 4-1
Custom Resource Classes
Custom Resource
Resource Class
Access Manager
com.waveset.adapter.AccessManagerResourceAdapter
ACF2
com.waveset.adapter.ACF2ResourceAdapter
ActivCard
com.waveset.adapter.ActivCardResourceAdapter
Active Directory
com.waveset.adapter.ADSIResourceAdapter
Active Directory Active Sync
com.waveset.adapter.ActiveDirectoryActiveSyncAdapter
ClearTrust
com.waveset.adapter.ClearTrustResourceAdapter
DB2
com.waveset.adapter.DB2ResourceAdapter
INISafe Nexess
com.waveset.adapter.INISafeNexessResourceAdapter
Microsoft SQL Server
com.waveset.adapter.MSSQLServerResourceAdapter
MySQL
com.waveset.adapter.MySQLResourceAdapter
Natural
com.waveset.adapter.NaturalResourceAdapter
NDS SecretStore
com.waveset.adapter.NDSSecretStoreResourceAdapter
Oracle
com.waveset.adapter.OracleResourceAdapter
Oracle Financials
com.waveset.adapter.OracleERPResourceAdapter
OS400
com.waveset.adapter.OS400ResourceAdapter
PeopleSoft
com.waveset.adapter.PeopleSoftCompIntfcAdapter
com.waveset.adapter.PeopleSoftComponentActiveSyncAdapter
RACF
com.waveset.adapter.RACFResourceAdapter
SAP
com.waveset.adapter.SAPResourceAdapter
SAP HR
com.waveset.adapter.SAPHRResourceAdapter
SAP Portal
com.waveset.adapter.SAPPortalResourceAdapter
Scripted Host
com.waveset.adapter.ScriptedHostResourceAdapter
SecurID
com.waveset.adapter.SecurIdResourceAdapter
com.waveset.adapter.SecurIdUnixResourceAdapter
Siebel
com.waveset.adapter.SiebelResourceAdapter
SiteMinder
com.waveset.adapter.SiteminderAdminResourceAdapter
com.waveset.adapter.SiteminderLDAPResourceAdapter
com.waveset.adapter.SiteminderExampleTableResourceAdapter
Sun ONE Identity Server
com.waveset.adapter.SunISResourceAdapter
Sybase
com.waveset.adapter.SybaseResourceAdapter
Top Secret
com.waveset.adapter.TopSecretResourceAdapter
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Creating Resources
You create resources by using the Resource Wizard. The Resource Wizard guides
you through the process of creating an Identity Manager resource adapter to
manage objects on a resource.
Using the Resource Wizard, you will set up:
•
Resource-specific parameters — You can modify these values from the
Identity Manager interface when creating a specific instance of this resource
type.
•
Account attributes — Defined in the schema map for the resource. These
determine how Identity Manager user attributes map to attributes on the
resource.
•
Account DN or identity template — Includes account name syntax for users,
which is especially important for hierarchical namespaces.
•
Identity Manager parameters for the resource — Sets up policies, establishes
resource approvers, and sets up organization access to the resource.
To create a resource:
1.
Select New Resource from the Resource Type Actions list of options.
Identity Manager displays the New Resource page.
2.
Select the resource type, and then click New to display the Resource Wizard
Welcome page.
NOTE
3.
Click Next to begin defining the resource. Resource Wizard steps and pages
display in the following order:
вќЌ
112
Alternatively, you can select a resource type in the resources list
before selecting New Resource from the Resource Type Actions list.
In this case, Identity Manager does not display the New Resource
page, but immediately launches the Resource Wizard.
Resource Parameters — Set up resource-specific parameters that control
authentication and resource adapter behavior. Enter parameters, and then
click Test Connection to ensure the connection is valid. On confirmation,
click Next to set up account attributes. Figure 4-1 shows the Resource
Parameters page.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Configuring Identity Manager Resources
Figure 4-1
вќЌ
Resource Wizard: Resource Parameters
Account Attributes (schema map) — Maps Identity Manager account
attributes to resource account attributes.
To add an attribute, click Add Attribute. Select one or more attributes, and
then click Delete Selected Attributes to delete attributes from the schema
map. When finished, click Next to set up the identity template.
Figure 4-2 shows the Account Attributes page in the Resource Wizard.
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Figure 4-2
вќЌ
Resource Wizard: Account Attributes (Schema Map)
Identity Template — Defines account name syntax for users. This feature
is particularly important for hierarchical namespaces.
Select attributes from the Insert Attributes list. To delete attributes from the
template, click in the list and delete one or more items from the string.
Delete the attribute name, as well as the preceding and following $ (dollar
sign) characters.
Figure 4-3
114
Resource Wizard: Identity Template
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вќЌ
Identity System Parameters — Sets Identity Manager parameters for the
resource, including retry and policy configuration, as shown in Figure 4-4.
Figure 4-4
Resource Wizard: Identity System Parameters
Use Next and Back to move among the pages. When you complete all selections,
click Save to save the resource and return to the list page.
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Managing Resources
You can perform a range of edit actions on a resource from the resources list. In
addition to editing capabilities on each of the Resource Wizard pages, you can:
•
Delete resources — Select one or more resources, and then select Delete from
the Resource Actions list. You can select resources of several types at the same
time. You cannot delete a resource if any roles or resource groups are
associated with it.
•
Search for resource objects — Select a resource, and then select Find Resource
Object from the Resource Object Actions list to find a resource object (such as
an organization, organizational unit, group, or person) by object
characteristics.
•
Manage resource objects — For some resource types, you can create new
objects. Select the resource, and then select Create Resource Object from the
Resource Object Actions list.
•
Rename resources — Select a resource, and then select Rename from the
Resource Actions list. Enter a new name in the entry box that appears, and then
click Rename.
•
Clone resources — Select a resource, and then select Save As from the
Resource Actions list. Enter a new name in the entry box that appears. The
cloned resource appears in the resource list with the name you select.
•
Perform bulk operations on resources — Specify a list of resources and actions
to apply (from CSV-formatted input) to all resources in the list. Then launch
bulk operations to initiate the bulk-operation background task.
Working with Account Attributes
Identity Manager resources use schema maps to define names and types for
attributes coming from the external resource (resource account attributes); they then
map those attributes to the standard Identity Manager account attributes. By
setting up a schema map (on the Account Attributes page of the Resource Wizard),
you can:
116
•
Limit resource attributes to only those that are essential for your company.
•
Create common Identity Manager attribute names to use with multiple
resources.
•
Identify required user attributes and attribute types.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Configuring Identity Manager Resources
To access these values, select the resource from the resources list, and then select
Edit Resource Schema from the Resource Actions list.
The left column of the schema map (titled Identity system User Attribute) contains
the names of Identity Manager account attributes that are referenced by the forms
used in the Identity Manager Administrator and User interfaces. The right column
of the schema map (titled Resource User Attribute) contains the names of attributes
from the external source.
By defining Identity system attribute names, attributes from different resources can
be defined with common names. For example, on an Active Directory resource, the
lastname attribute in Identity Manager is mapped to the Active Directory resource
attribute sn; on GroupWise, the fullname attribute can be mapped to the
GroupWise attribute Surname. As a result, an administrator is required to complete
a value for lastname only once; when the user is saved, it is passed to the resources
with different names.
Resource Groups
Use the resources area also to manage resource groups, which let you group
resources to be updated in a specific order. By including and ordering resources in
a group, and assigning the group to a user, you determine the order in which that
user’s resources are created, updated, and deleted.
Activities are performed on each resource in turn. If an action fails on a resource,
the remaining resources are not updated. This type of relationship is important for
related resources.
For example, an Exchange 5.5 resource relies on an existing Windows NT or
Windows Active Directory account: one of these must exist before the Exchange
account can be successfully created. By creating a resource group with (in order) a
Windows NT resource and an Exchange 5.5 resource, you ensure the correct
sequence when creating users. Conversely, this order ensures that resources are
deleted in the correct sequence when you delete users.
Select Resources, and then select List Resource Groups to display a list of
currently defined resource groups. From that page, click New to define a resource
group. When defining a resource group, a selection area lets you choose and then
order chosen resources, as well as select the organizations to which the resource
group will be available.
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Global Resource Policy
You can edit properties in the Global Resource Policy for a resource. From the Edit
Global Resource Policy Attributes page, you can edit the following policy
attributes:
•
Default Capture Timeout — Enter a value, in milliseconds, that specifies the
maximum time that the adapter should wait from the command line prompt
before the adapter times out. This value applies to
GenericScriptResourceAdapter or ShellScriptSourceBase adapters only. Use
this setting when the results of a command or script are important and will be
parsed by the adapter.
The default value for this setting is 30000 (30 seconds).
•
Default Wait for Timeout — Enter a value, in milliseconds, to specify the
maximum time that a scripted adapter should wait between polls before
checking to see if a command has characters (or results) ready. This value
applies to GenericScriptResourceAdapter or ShellScriptSourceBase adapters
only. Use this setting when the results of a command or script are not
examined by the adapter.
•
Wait for Ignore Case — Enter a value, in milliseconds, to specify the maximum
time the adapter should wait for the command line prompt before timing out.
This value applies to GenericScriptResourceAdapter or ShellScriptSourceBase
adapters only. Use this setting when the case (uppercase or lowercase) is
irrelevant.
•
Resource Account Password Policy — If applicable, select a resource account
password policy to apply to the selected resource. None is the default
selection.
•
Excluded Resource Accounts Rule — If applicable, select a rule that governs
excluded resource accounts. None is the default selection.
You must click Save to save your changes to the policy.
Setting additional Timeout values
You can modify the maxWaitMilliseconds property by editing the Waveset
properties file. The maxWaitMilliseconds property controls the frequency in which
an operation’s timeout will be monitored. If this value is not specified, the system
will use a default value of 50.
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To set this value, add the following line to the Waveset.properties file:
com.waveset.adapter.ScriptedConnection.ScriptedConnection.maxwaitMilliseco
nds.
Bulk Resource Actions
You can perform bulk operations on resources by using a CSV-formatted file or by
creating or specifying the data to apply for the operation.
Figure 4-5 shows the launch page for bulk operations using a create action.
Figure 4-5
Launch Bulk Resource Actions Page
The options available for the bulk resource operation depend on the Action you
select for the operation. You can specify a single action to apply to the operation or
select From Action List to specify multiple actions.
•
Actions — To specify a single action, select one of the following options: create,
clone, update, delete, change password, reset password.
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For a single action selection, you will be presented with options to specify the
the resource involved with the action. For a Create action, you will specify the
resource type.
If you specify From Action List, use the Get action list from area to specify
either the file to use that contains the actions or the actions you specify in the
Input area.
NOTE
•
The actions you enter in the input area list or in the file must be in
comma-separated value (CSV) format.
Maximum Results Per Page — Use this option to specify the maximum
number of bulk action results to display on each task results page. The default
value is 200.
Click Launch to start the operation, which runs as a background task.
Identity Manager ChangeLogs
Read this section for information about the Identity Manager ChangeLog feature,
and for procedures to help you configure and use ChangeLogs.
What are ChangeLogs?
ChangeLogs provide a view of identity attributes information contained by Identity
Manager resources. Each ChangeLog is defined to capture changes to a subset of
identity attributes.
As attribute data changes on a resource, Active Sync adapters capture the
information, and then write changes to a ChangeLog. Custom scripts developed
specifically to interact with a resource in the enterprise then read the ChangeLogs
and update the resource.
The ChangeLog feature differs from Identity Manager’s standard resource active
synchronization and reconciliation features because it enables indirect
communication to resources from the provisioning system (via custom scripts).
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ChangeLogs and Security
Identity Manager's ChangeLog feature requires write access to a designated
directory or directories in the local file system. Some Web containers, by default, do
not allow local file system access to the hosted Web modules like Identity Manager.
You grant access by editing a Java policy file. If using /tmp/changelogs as the
directory, your policy file should contain:
grant {
permission java.io.FilePermission "/tmp/changelogs/*",
"read,write,delete";
};
You must define a file permission for each ChangeLog directory that you have
specified.
The default security policy file for Java can be found at:
$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/security/java.policy
Editing that file may be sufficient; however, if you are using your own file (not the
default file), then the server is running with options such as:
-Djava.security.manager -Djava.security.policy=/path/to/your/java.policy
In this case, edit the file identified by the java.security.policy system property.
NOTE
You may need to restart the Web container after editing the security
policy file.
ChangeLogs Feature Requirements
The ChangeLogs feature requires that you configure identity attributes before
configuring a ChangeLog.
NOTE
Complete the procedures described in the section “Configuring
Identity Attributes and Events” on page 131 to meet these
requirements.
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Identity Manager ChangeLogs
Configuring ChangeLogs
You configure ChangeLogs by creating ChangeLog policies and ChangeLogs. Each
ChangeLog must have an associated ChangeLog policy. A ChangeLog defines the
subset of changes, detected by Active Sync and pushed through the Identity
Attributes, should be written to a log. Its associated ChangeLog policy defines how
the ChangeLog files should be written. The ChangeLog files will be consumed by
custom scripts.
To configure ChangeLogs and ChangeLog policies, select Meta View, and then
select ChangeLogs.
Identity Manager displays the ChangeLog Configuration page, which displays two
summary areas.
NOTE
Figure 4-6
If no Identity Attributes have been configured, the ChangeLogs tab
is not visible.
ChangeLog Configuration
ChangeLog Policies Summary
The ChangeLog Policies summary area shows currently defined ChangeLog
policies. To edit an existing ChangeLog policy, click its name in the list. To create a
ChangeLog policy, click Create Policy.
To remove one or more ChangeLog policies, select them in the list, and then click
Remove Policy. (No confirmation is needed for this action.)
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Identity Manager ChangeLogs
ChangeLogs Summary
The ChangeLogs summary area shows currently defined ChangeLogs. To edit an
existing ChangeLog, click its name in the list. To create a ChangeLog, click Create
ChangeLog.
To remove one or more ChangeLogs, select them in the list, and then click Remove
ChangeLog. (No confirmation is needed for this action.)
Saving ChangeLog Configuration Changes
Any changes you make to the ChangeLog Configuration — either to ChangeLog
policies or defined ChangeLogs — must be saved from the ChangeLog
Configuration page. Click Save to save changes and return to the Meta View.
Creating and Editing ChangeLog Policies
Provide input and make selections on the Edit ChangeLog Policy page to create or
edit ChangeLog Policies:
•
Policy Name — Enter a unique name for the policy.
•
Daily Start Time — Establish the time of day used to calculate the times when
rotations should start or change over. ChangeLogs using this policy will start
new rotations at this time and at increments calculated from this time. For
example, if the start time is set to midnight (00:00) with 3 'Rotations Per Day',
the prefixes on log files will change at 00:00, 08:00, and 16:00.
Filenames follow the pattern, cl_User_yyyyMMddHHmmss.n.suffix, where
HHmmss is the most recent time for a rotation to start. (n is the Sequence
number, and suffix is a suffix provided in the ChangeLog definition.)
Using '00:00' for the start time with 3 as the number of rotations, if you were to
activate a ChangeLog at 9:24 a.m. one morning, the resulting rotation name
would include the most recent rotation start time (for example, 08:00). In this
case, the filenames would start with cl_User_yyyyMMdd080000. At 16:00, a new
rotation (a new prefix on filenames) would start.
•
Rotations Per Day — Specify the number of times you want to rotate the logs
each day. For example, if you want a rotation every 4 hours, enter a value of 6.
This value is limited to non-negative integers. A value of 0 means to ignore this
field. When this field is non-zero, the Maximum Age of a Rotation setting is
ignored.
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Identity Manager ChangeLogs
If you specify the length of rotations in seconds, and if the Rotations Per Day
field is 0, then this value is used to determine the period of rotation.
This is limited to non-negative integer values. If you specify a non-zero
number of Rotations Per Day, then that value is used (and this one is not). If
the value of both of these fields is 0, then only the sequence information is
applied. (Even Daily Start Time is unused in this case.)
•
Number of Rotations to Keep — Specify how many rotations are allowed to
accumulate before Identity Manager deletes them. For example, if you are
running with 3 rotations per day and want to keep 2 days of changes in the
logs, specify a value of 6.
•
Maximum File Size in Bytes — A new log file (with the same rotation prefix,
but with a new sequence number) is started if writing a change to the current
file will exceed this limit. A value of 0 indicates that this limit is not used. All of
the limit fields (size, lines, age) that are non-zero are used; however, this limit
is checked before the others.
•
Maximum File Size in Lines — If writing a change will cause the current file
to have more lines than this limit, then a new sequence file is created and the
line is written to the new file. A value of 0 indicates no limit. This limit is
checked after the size limit and before the age limit.
•
Maximum File Age in Seconds — When a change is received and the existing
sequence file is now older than the number of seconds specified here, a new
sequence file is created before writing the change. A value of 0 indicates that
this limit is not used. The other limits, if non-zero, are applied before this one.
Click OK to return to the ChangeLog Configuration page. You must click OK from
the Configuration page to save the new ChangeLog policy or changes to an existing
policy.
Creating and Editing ChangeLogs
Provide input and make selections on the Edit ChangeLogs page to create or edit a
ChangeLog:
124
•
ChangeLog Name — Enter a unique name for the ChangeLog.
•
Active — If you select this option, then the ChangeLog will monitor and write
changes as they flow through Active Sync resources and into the Identity
Attributes (Active Sync must be an Identity Attributes application for this to
work).
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Identity Manager ChangeLogs
•
Filter — Enter the name of the ChangeLog filter to use. Noop means use the
default filter, which accepts all changes. This should be sufficient for the vast
majority of cases. Otherwise, this must name a Java class implementing
com.sun.idm.changelog.ChangeLogFilter. The class must be in the classpath
of the server, and it must have a public default constructor.
•
Log these Operations — Log events of the types selected, which includes
Creates, Updates, and Deletes. Events not selected are ignored.
•
ChangeLog View — Define the contents (columns) of the ChangeLog by using
this table. Each table row specifies a column in the ChangeLog. Click Add
Column to add a ChangeLog column. Each column has a name, a type, and an
Identity Attribute Name. The order of the rows indicates the order of the
columns. Use the Up and Down buttons to order columns after they are
defined.
NOTE
In every ChangeLog, there will be an implicit first column in the
table named changeType. This implicit first column indicates the
type of the change. This column's type is Text. The data in the log
will be one of the following values: ADD, MOD, or DEL.
•
Use the Policy Named — Select a defined ChangeLog policy from the list to
use for logging.
•
Output Path — Enter the name of the directory on the file system that will
contain the log files. This can be a network-mounted location; but it is
preferable to use a directory that is local to the server. It is also advisable to use
a unique location per ChangeLog.
•
Suffix — Enter a suffix for the ChangeLog files (for example, .csv). The suffix
selected may be used to differentiate these files from other ChangeLog files.
Click OK to return to the ChangeLog Configuration page. You must click OK from
the Configuration page to save the new ChangeLog or changes to an existing
ChangeLog.
Example
The following examples detail how to set up identity attributes and a ChangeLog
to capture a specific set of attributes data.
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Example: Define Identity Attributes
In this example, two Identity Manager resources (Resource 1 and Resource 2)
provide source data to a third resource (Resource 3). Resource 3 is not directly
connected to the Identity Manager system. A ChangeLog is needed to pull and
maintain a data subset from Resource 1 and 2 to Resource 3.
Resource 1: EmployeeInfo
employeeNumber*
givenname
mi
surname
phone
Resource2 : OrgInfo
employeeNum*
managerEmpNum
departmentNumber
Resource 3 : PhoneList
empId*
fullname
phone
department
NOTE
* indicates a key to correlate records.
The Identity Attributes are defined in the following table..
Table 4-2
126
Identity Attributes for Example Case of Using a Change Log
Attribute
<==
From Resource.Attribute
employee
<==
EmployeeInfo.employeeNumber
dept
<==
OrgInfo.departmentNumber
reportsTo
<==
OrgInfo.managerEmpNum
firstName
<==
EmployeeInfo.givename
lastName
<==
EmployeeInfo.surname
middleInitial
<==
EmployeeInfo.mi
fullname
<==
firstName + “ “ + middleInitial + “ “ + lastName
phoneNumber
<==
EmployeeInfo.phone
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Identity Manager ChangeLogs
Example: Configure the ChangeLog
After defining the identity attributes, define a ChangeLog called PhoneList
ChangeLog. Its purpose is to write a subset of the identity attributes to a
ChangeLog file.
ChangeLogView in PhoneList ChangeLog
Column Name
Type
Identity Attribute
empId
Text
employee
fullname
Text
fullname
phone
Text
phoneNumber
When records in Resource 1 or Resource 2 are changed, the full set of data (not just
the changes) for a ChangeLog record (all data from the identity attributes) is
written to the ChangeLog. A custom script reads the information and uses it to
populate Resource 3.
CSV File Format in ChangeLogs
Read this section for information about the format of the comma-separated value
(CSV) file written by ChangeLogs.
Think of a ChangeLog file in terms of rows and columns, such as a spreadsheet or
database table. Each “row” is a line in the file.
The ChangeLog format is self-describing using the first two rows. Together, these
two rows define the “schema”; that is, the logical names and logical types of each
“cell” (values between commas on a row) in the table.
The first row names the attributes in the file. The second row describes the types of
values of the attributes. Additional rows represent all the data for a change-event.
The ChangeLog file is encoded in Java UTF-8 format.
Columns
The first column in the file has special significance. This defines the operation type;
for example, whether the change event was a create, modify, or delete action. It is
always named changeType, and is always type T (representing Text). Its value is
one of the values: ADD, MOD, or DEL.
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Exactly one column should hold a unique identifier (the primary key) for the entry.
This generally is the second column in the file.
Other columns simply name the attribute. The name is taken from the Column
Name value in the ChangeLog View table.
Rows
After the first two header rows that define the schema of the file, the remaining
rows hold the values of the attributes. The values appear in the order of the
columns in the first row. The ChangeLog is applied from the Identity Attributes,
and therefore contains all data known about the user at the time the change is
detected.
In addition, there is no special sentinel value indicating null (or not set). If a value
is not present when a change is detected, then the ChangeLog writes an empty
string.
Values are encoded according to the type of the column, as specified in the second
row of the file. Supported types are:
•
T: Text
•
B: Binary
•
MT: Multi-Text
•
MB: Multi-Binary
Text Values
Text values are written as a string, with two exceptions:
•
If a value contains a , (comma), then Identity Manager escapes the comma
within the value by inserting a \ (backslash) character. For example, if the
value for fullname is Doe, John, then Identity Manager writes
Doe \,John as the value.
•
If a value contains a \ (backslash) character, then Identity Manager escapes it
with another \. For example, if a value for homedir contains C:\users\home,
then Identity Manager writes C:\\users\\home to the log.
Text values cannot contain a newline character. If the file needs new lines, then use
the Binary value type.
Binary Values
Binary values are Base64 encoded.
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Multi-Text Values
Multi-Text values are written similarly to Text values, but are comma-separated
and bracketed (using [ and ]).
Multi-Binary Values
Multi-Binary values are written like Binary values (Base64 encoded), but also are
comma-separated and bracketed (using [ and ]).
Formatting Examples
The following examples illustrate various output format. Each example is in the
form:
column1, column2, column3, column4
Column 3 of each example shows the example text.
•
Text (T) data appear as strings in the file:
ADD,account0,some text data,column4
•
Binary (B) data appears base64 encoded.
ADD,account0,FGResWE23WDE==,column4
•
Multi-Text (MT) appears as:
ADD,account0,[one,two,three],column4
•
Multi-Binary (MB) appears as:
ADD,account0,[FGResWE23WDE==,FGRCAFEBADE3sseGHSD],column4
NOTE
The Base64 alphabet does not include the , (comma), [ (left bracket),
or ] (right bracket) characters, or a newline symbol.
ChangeLog Filenames
Filenames are of the form:
servername_User_timestamp.sequenceNumber.suffix
Where:
•
timestamp is the time that this log was started or rolled over. Files with the same
timestamp are considered to be a Rotation.
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•
sequenceNumber is a monotonically increasing number, used to partition a
rotation into subsets of files, that are controlled by a maximum number of
bytes, lines, or seconds. Each of these is known as a Sequence file.
•
suffix is the file extension defined in the ChangeLog config, usually .csv.
Configuring Rotations and Sequences
These are defined in ChangeLogPolicy objects and referred to from ChangeLogs.
Example
A policy that defines rotations as follows:
•
begin at 7:00 a.m.
•
rotate three times each day for two days
would result in rotation file names similar to the following. (There are two
sequence files in each of these rotations.)
myServer_User_20060101070000.1.csv
myServer_User_20060101070000.2.csv
myServer_User_20060101150000.1.csv
myServer_User_20060101150000.2.csv
myServer_User_20060101230000.1.csv
myServer_User_20060101230000.2.csv
myServer_User_20060102070000.1.csv
myServer_User_20060102070000.2.csv
myServer_User_20060102150000.1.csv
myServer_User_20060102150000.2.csv
myServer_User_20060102230000.1.csv
myServer_User_20060102230000.2.csv
January 1 shows 3 rotations, 8 hours apart, beginning at 07:00:00. January 2 is
similar; only the portion of the name that corresponds to the day (20060102) differs.
Writing ChangeLog Scripts
Read this section for information helpful to ChangeLog script writers.
130
•
Scripts likely run continuously, waiting for new data, new files, or sleeping
between activity; and then simply read the file and apply the changes for each
line to the back-end resource.
•
ChangeLogs support delete operations; however, only the accountId value
will be included in DEL lines.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Configuring Identity Attributes and Events
•
By using Rotations and Sequences, you can decide how often a script runs. For
example, you could specify:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
•
Rotation at midnight; and then every night run the script against the prior
rotation.
Rotation every 4 hours, starting at 8:00 a.m., and then run the scripts every
four hours (at 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 4, ...)
No rotation, and run the script such that it reads a sequence file when the
sequence number bumps. You can control how the sequence number
increments; it can be size-based, num-operations based, or time-based.
Each ChangeLog can be seen as a representation of the records in the back-end
system. To keep things simple for the script reading the log, Identity Manager
always writes all data for a given record, whether or not it has changed. Scripts
can "blindly" apply the data in the records.
However, they need to ensure that the back-end resource (or the script),
especially with regard to ADD and DEL, can either:
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вќЌ
•
Handle this idempotently. (Idempotency means if you apply the data more
than once, then it does nothing.) If the script reads the ChangeLog from
start to finish in two passes, then the state of the data records in the
resource should be exactly the same after each pass.
Does this (at most) one time. For example, if the resource cannot be made
idempotent with regard to add and delete actions, then the script must
ensure that it applies changes only once, either by reading the log entries
only once, or by otherwise tracking its progress.
A good approach might be to watch for a sequence file to appear, and then
apply the previous file. For example, do not apply a .1 file until the .2 file
appears. When .3 appears, apply .2. After applying a file, note that you have
done so on a disk. This approach allows you to avoid using calls like fstat or
tail -f.
Configuring Identity Attributes and Events
You use the Meta View area of the Administrator interface to configure identity
attributes and events. Use the information and procedures in the following sections
to configure Identity Manager identity attributes and identity events and to select
the Identity Manager system applications to which the attributes and events will be
applied.
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Configuring Identity Attributes and Events
Working with Identity Attributes
To configure identity attributes, select MetaView, and then select Identity
Attributes. The Identity Attributes page appears. The following figure shows an
example of this page.
Figure 4-7
Configuring Identity Attributes in Meta View
To add an Identity Attribute, click Add Attribute. Once added to the list, edit an
Identity Attribute by clicking its name in the list. To remove one or more Identity
Attributes, select them, and then click Remove Selected Attributes.
You can select one or more responses to add to or remove from attributes.
You must click Save before the action will take place.
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If resources have changed since the last time you modified Identity Attributes, then
the Identity Attributes page displays the following warning message (Figure 4-8).
Click Configure the Identity Attributes from resource changes in the warning
message to assimilate the changes.
Figure 4-8
Resources Have Changed Warning Message
Passwords
Active Sync is configured to create users on one or more resources. Identity
Manager users require a password to be specified upon creation, but most
resources do not allow reading passwords for security reasons. If password
generation has not been set, click Configure password generation.
Select how passwords should be set on the identity user and other resource
accounts created through Active Sync:
•
Use default password — Select this option, and then enter a password. The
password.password Identity Attribute will set the user password from this
value.
•
Use rule to generate password -- Select this option to select a rule to use for
password generation. The password.password Identity Attribute uses the
selected rule to generate a password.
•
Use Identity System Account Policy password generation -- Select this option
to select a policy to use for password generation. Selecting this option sets the
waveset.assignedLhPolicy Identity Attribute to the selected policy. If the
selected policy is not configured to generate passwords, and you have
permissions needed to create and modify policies, then the page redisplays
with additional options that allow you to create a copy of the policy or modify
the existing policy.
This option generates a random password based on the password policy
configured for the Identity System Account Policy. Since it relies on random
password generation, this is the most secure of the password generation
options.
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Selecting Applications
Use the Enabled Applications area to select the Identity system applications to
which the Identity Attributes will be applied. Select one or more applications from
the Available applications area and move them to the Enabled applications area.
You must click Save before the action will take place.
To use the ChangeLog feature, you must enable the Active Sync
application. For more information, see “Active Sync Adapters” on
page 219.
NOTE
Adding and Editing Identity Attributes
From the Add Identity Attributes or Edit Identity Attributes pages, make these
selections to add or edit Identity Attributes:
•
Attribute Name — Select or enter an attribute name. Select from the default
values provided (from resource schema map entries, operational Identity
Attributes, and user extended attributes); or enter a value in the text box.
•
Sources — Select one or more sources with which to populate the value for this
Identity Attribute. The sources will be evaluated in order, and the Identity
Attribute will be set to the first non-null value.
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Resource — The value comes from a selected attribute on a selected
resource.
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Rule — The value comes from the evaluation of a selected rule.
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Constant — The value is set to the supplied constant value.
Click + (plus sign) to add a new line to select another source. Click - (minus
sign) next to a source to delete it. To re-order sources, click the arrows to move
them up or down in the list.
•
Attribute Properties— Use this area to specify the property settings for the
Identity Attribute.
вќЌ
How to set Identity Attribute — Select one of the following options to
specify how Identity Manager will set the value for the attribute on the
resource:
•
134
Set to value — The value of the Identity Attribute is authoritatively set
on all targets. Selecting this option will cause the value determined by
the sources to override any values entered by the user in a form, and
those values set in forms, workflows, rules, or roles. This option is an
appropriate setting for a typical implementation.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Configuring Identity Attributes and Events
For additional information about Identity Attributes, see Identity
Manager Technical Deployment Overview.
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•
•
Default value — Sets the attribute values on the targets only when
they have no value.
•
Merge with value — Adds the value to the existing values. Duplicate
values are filtered out.
Store attribute in IDM repository — Select to store the Identity Attribute
locally in the Identity system repository. This should be selected if the
Identity system user is to be the authoritative store for the Identity
Attribute, or if the attribute should be capable of handling queries.
Set value on all assigned resources — Select this option if the Identity
Attribute should globally be set on all assigned resources that support this
attribute.
Targets — Select the target resource on which this Identity Attribute should be
set. If no targets are defined, then click Add Target. To remove a target from
the list, select it, and then click Remove Selected Targets.
Click OK to add the Identity Attribute and return to the Identity Attributes
page. You must click Save on the Identity Attributes page to save the
additions.
Adding Target Resources
It is not necessary to set targets for Identity Attributes if they are being used solely
for the ChangeLog. You might do this, for example, if you wanted to use the
ChangeLog, but also wanted to use the standard "Input Form" to push data
through Active Sync. If there are no targets, then the MetaView simply calculates
the identity attributes' values; it does not set them on any of the other resources.
Make selections to add a target resource for which an Identity Attribute should be
set:
•
Target Resource — Select the target resource on which the selected Identity
Attribute should be set.
•
Target Attribute — Select the name of the attribute on the target resource that
will receive the value.
•
Condition — Select a rule to run to determine if the selected Identity Attribute
should be set on this target resource. This rule should return a value of true or
false. If the condition is not set, then the target attribute always will be set for
the selected event types.
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Configuring Identity Attributes and Events
•
Apply To: — Select the types of events for which the selected Identity
Attribute should be set on this target resource. These selections are combined
with the Condition to determine if the target attribute should be set.
Click OK to add the target resource and return to the Add or Edit Identity
Attribute page.
Removing Target Resources
To remove one or more target resources, select them in the list, and then click
Remove Selected Targets.
Importing Identity Attributes
Using the Import Identity Attributes feature, you can select one or more forms to
import and populate Identity Attributes values. Identity Manager will analyze the
imported form values and make a "best guess" at Identity Attributes; however, it
may be necessary to edit the Identity Attributes after import.
Make these import selections:
•
Merge with existing Identity Attributes — If you select this option, then
Identity Manager will merge imported values with existing Identity Attributes.
If not selected, then the Identity Attributes are cleared before the import
occurs.
•
Forms to import — Select one or more forms from the Available Forms area to
populate the Identity Attributes.
Click Import to import the forms. The Identity Attributes page displays with
the new or merged Identity Attributes listed.
Click Save to save changes to the Identity Attributes.
NOTE
If there are Identity Attributes conditions that need to be corrected,
then Identity Manager will display a Warning page that lists one or
more warnings. Click OK to return to the Configure area.
Configuring Identity Events
You can also configure identity events for resources managed by Identity Manager
to define the behavior of the events that occur on those resources. The behavior
that is defined in the identity events is used during Active Sync to determine when
an event occurs and to take the appropriate actions to respond to the event.
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Configuring Identity Manager Policies
For example, you can configure an identity event to detect and respond to a
deletion on your authoritative Human Resources (HR) system that triggers the
identity user and all other resource accounts to be deleted.
To configure identity events, select MetaView, and then the Identity Events tab.
On the Identity Events page, click Add Event and specify the event type. You can
also edit an Identity Event by selecting the event on the Identity Events page and
specifying the following options.
•
Event Type — Select delete, enable, or disable to specify the identity event type
you are configuring.
•
Sources — Select a resource that the identity event applies to (for example, AD
for the Active Directory). If the resource requires an event detection rule to
detect and respond to events (because it does not have native support for it),
select the rule in the determined by field. You can add and remove resources.
•
Responses — Select a response from the Response list, or click Add Response
to add a response if none are defined. To remove a response from the selection
list, select it and click Remove Selected Responses.
Click OK when you have completed your selections.
Configuring Identity Manager Policies
Read this section for information and procedures for configuring user policies.
What are Policies?
Identity Manager policies set limitations for Identity Manager users by establishing
constraints for Identity Manager account ID, login, and password characteristics.
NOTE
Identity Manager also provides Audit policies that are specifically
designed to audit user compliance. Audit policies are discussed in
Chapter 11, “Identity Auditing.”
You create and edit Identity Manager user policies from the Policies page. From the
menu bar, select Security, and then select Policies. From the displayed list page,
you can edit existing policies and create new ones.
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Configuring Identity Manager Policies
Policies are categorized as the following types:
•
Identity System Account policies — Establish user, password, and
authentication policy options and constraints. You assign Identity System
Account policies (shown in Figure 4-9) to organizations or users, through the
Create and Edit Organization and Create and Edit User pages.
Figure 4-9
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Identity Manager Policy
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Configuring Identity Manager Policies
Options you can set or select include:
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User policy options — Specify how Identity Manager treats user accounts
if a user fails to correctly answer authentication questions
Password policy options — Set password expiration, warning time before
expiration, and reset options
Authentication policy options — Determine how authentication questions
will be presented to the user, whether the user can provide his own
authentication questions, enforce authentication at login, and establish the
bank of questions that can be presented to a user.
•
SPE System Account policies — This policy type is used in a service provider
implementation to establish user, password, and authentication policy options
and constraints for service provider users. You assign the policies to
organizations or users, through the Create and Edit Organization and Create
and Edit SPE User pages.
•
String Quality Policies — String quality policies include policy types such as
password, AccountID, and authentication, and set length rules, character type
rules, and allowed words and attribute values. This type of policy is tied to
each Identity Manager resource, and is set on each resource page. Figure 4-10
provides an example.
Figure 4-10
Create/Edit Password Policy
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Options and rules you can set for passwords and account IDs include:
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Length rules — Determine minimum and maximum length.
Character type rules — Set minimum and maximum allowable values for
alphabetic, numeric, uppercase, lowercase, repetitive, and sequential
characters.
Password re-use limits — Specify the number of passwords preceding the
current password that cannot be re-used. When a user attempts to change
his password, the new password will be compared to the password history
to ensure this is a unique password. For security reasons, a digital
signature of the previous passwords is saved; new passwords are
compared to this.
Prohibited words and attribute values — Specify words and attributes
that cannot be used as part of an ID or password.
Must Not Contain Attributes in Policies
You can change the allowed set of “must not contain” attributes in the
UserUIConfig configuration object. Attributes are listed in UserUIConfig as
follows:
•
<PolicyPasswordAttributeNames> — Policy type “Password”
•
<PolicyAccountAttributeNames> — Policy type “AccountId”
•
<PolicyOtherAttributeNames> — Policy type “Other”
Dictionary Policy
The dictionary policy enables Identity Manager to check passwords against a word
database to ensure that they are protected from a simple dictionary attack. By using
this policy with other policy settings to enforce the length and makeup of
passwords, Identity Manager makes it difficult to use a dictionary to guess
passwords that are generated or changed in the system.
The dictionary policy extends the password exclusion list that you can set up with
the policy. (This list is implemented by the Must Not Contain Words option on the
Administrator Interface password Edit Policy page.)
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Configuring the Dictionary Policy
To set up the dictionary policy, you must:
•
Configure dictionary server support
•
Load the dictionary
Follow these steps:
1.
From the menu bar, select Configure, and then select Policies.
2.
Click Configure Dictionary to display the Dictionary Configuration page.
3.
Select and enter database information:
вќЌ
Database Type — Select the database type (Oracle, DB2, SQLServer, or
MySQL) that you will use to store the dictionary.
вќЌ
Host — Enter the name of the host where the database is running.
вќЌ
User — Enter the user name to use when connecting to the database.
вќЌ
Password — Enter the password to use when connecting to the database.
вќЌ
Port — Enter the port on which the database is listening.
вќЌ
Connection URL — Enter the URL to use when connecting. These
template variables are available:
вќЌ
%h - host
вќЌ
%p - port
вќЌ
%d - database name
•
Driver Class — Enter the JDBC driver class to use while interacting with the
database.
•
Database Name — Enter the name of the database where the dictionary will be
loaded.
•
Dictionary Filename — Enter the name of the file to use when loading the
dictionary.
4.
Click Test to test the database connection.
5.
If the connection test is successful, click Load Words to load the dictionary. The
load task may take a few minutes to complete.
6.
Click Test to ensure that the dictionary was loaded correctly.
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Implementing the Dictionary Policy
Implement the dictionary policy from the Identity Manager policies area. From the
Policies page, click to edit a password policy. On the Edit Policy page, select the
Check passwords against dictionary words option. Once implemented, all changed
and generated passwords will be checked against the dictionary.
Customizing Email Templates
Identity Manager uses email templates to deliver information and requests for
action to users and approvers. The system includes templates for:
142
•
Access Review Notice — Sends notification that the access rights for a user
needs to be reviewed. The system sends this notification when a violation of an
access policy must be remediated or mitigated.
•
Account Creation Approval — Sends notification to an approver that a new
account is awaiting his approval. The system sends this notification when the
Provisioning Notification Option for the associated role is set to approval.
•
Account Creation Notification — Sends notification that an account has been
created with a particular role assignment. The system sends this notification
when one or more administrators are selected in the Notification recipients
field on the Create Role or Edit Role pages.
•
Account Deletion Approval — Sends notification to an approver that a user
account deletion action is awaiting approval. The system sends this notification
when one or more administrators are selected in the Notification recipients
field on the Create Role or Edit Role pages.
•
Account Deletion Notification — Sends notification that an account has been
deleted.
•
Account Update Notification — Sends notification to the specified email
addresses or user accounts that an account has been updated.
•
Password Reset — Sends notification of a Identity Manager password reset.
Depending on the Reset Notification Option value selected for the associated
Identity Manager policy, the system displays notification immediately (in the
Web browser) to the administrator resetting the password or emails the user
whose password is being reset.
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Customizing Email Templates
•
Password Synchronization Notice — Notifies the user that a password change
has completed successfully on all resources. The notification lists which
resources were updated successfully and indicates the origin of the password
change request.
•
Password Synchronization Failure Notice — Notifies the user that the
password change was not successful on all resources. The notification provides
a list of errors and indicates the origin of the password change request.
•
Policy Violation Notice — Sends a notice that an account policy violation has
occurred.
•
Reconcile Account Event, Reconcile Resource Event, Reconcile Summary —
Called from the Notify Reconcile Response, Notify Reconcile Start, and Notify
Reconcile Finish default workflows, respectively. Notification is sent as
configured in each workflow.
•
Report — Sends a generated report to a specified list of recipients.
•
Request Resource — Sends notification to a resource administrator that a
resource has been requested. The system sends this notification when an
administrator requests a resource from the Resources area.
•
Retry Notification — Sends notification to an administrator that a particular
operation has been unsuccessfully attempted on a resource a specified number
of times.
•
Risk Analysis — Sends a risk analysis report. The system sends this report
when one or more email recipients are specified as part of a resource scan.
•
Temporary Password Reset — Sends notification to the user or role approver
that a temporary password has been provided for the account. Depending on
the Password Reset Notification Option value selected for the associated
Identity Manager policy, the system displays notification immediately (in the
Web browser) to the user, emails the user, or emails the role approvers.
•
User ID Recovery — Sends a recovered user ID to the specified email address.
Editing an Email Template
You can customize email templates to provide specific directions to the recipient,
telling him how to accomplish a task or how to see results. For example, you might
want to customize the Account Creation Approval template to direct an approver
to an account approval page by adding the following message:
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Customizing Email Templates
Please go to http://host.example.com:8080/idm/approval/approval.jsp to
approve account creation for $(fullname).
To customize an email template, use the following procedure using the Account
Creation Approval template as an example:
1.
From the menu bar, select Configure.
2.
On the Configure page, select Email Templates.
3.
Click to select the Account Creation Approval template.
Figure 4-11
4.
Enter details for the template:
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Editing an Email Template
In the SMTP Host field, enter the SMTP server name so that email
notification can be sent.
In the From field, customize the originating email address.
In the To and Cc fields, enter one or more email addresses or Identity
Manager accounts that will be the recipients of the email notification.
In the Email Body field, customize the content to provide a pointer to your
Identity Manager location.
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Customizing Email Templates
5.
Click Save.
You can also modify email templates by using the Identity Manager IDE. For more
information on the IDE, see Identity Manager Deployment Tools.
HTML and Links in Email Templates
You can insert HTML-formatted content into an email template to display in the
body of an email message. Content can include text, graphics, and Web links to
information. To enable HTML-formatted content, select the HTML Enabled option.
Allowable Variables in the Email Body
You can also include references to variables in the email template body, in the form
$(Name); for example: Your password $(password) has been recovered.
Allowable variables for each template are defined in the following table.
.
Table 4-3
Email Template Variables
Template
Allowable Variables
Password Reset
$(password) – newly generated password
Update Approval
$(fullname) – user’s full name
$(role) – user’s role
Update Notification
$(fullname) – user’s full name
$(role) – user’s role
Report
$(report) – generated report
$(id) – encoded ID of the task instance
$(timestamp) – time when email was sent
Request Resource
$(fullname) – user’s full name
$(resource) – resource type
Risk Analysis
Temporary Password Reset
$(report) – risk analysis report
$(password) – newly generated password
$(expiry) – password expiration date
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Configuring Audit Groups and Audit Events
Configuring Audit Groups and Audit Events
Setting up audit configuration groups allows you to record and report on system
events you select. Configuring audit groups and events requires the Configure
Audit administrative capability.
To configure audit configuration groups, select Configure from the menu bar, and
then select Audit.
The Audit Configuration page shows the list of audit groups, each of which may
contain one or more events. For each group, you can record successful events,
failed events, or both.
Click an audit group in the list to display the Edit Audit Configuration Group
page. This page lets you select the types of audit events to be recorded as part of an
audit configuration group in the system audit log.
Check that the Enable Audit check box is selected. Clear the check box to disable
the auditing system.
Editing Events in the Audit Configuration Group
To edit events in the group, you can add or delete actions for an object type. To do
this, move items in the Actions column from the Available to the Selected area for
that object type, and then click OK.
Adding Events to the Audit Configuration Group
To add an event to the group, click New. Identity Manager adds an event at the
bottom of the page. Select an object type from the list in the Object Type column,
and then move one or more items in the Actions column from the Available area to
the Selected area for the new object type. Click OK to add the event to the group.
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Remedy Integration
Remedy Integration
You can integrate Identity Manager with a Remedy server, enabling it to send
Remedy tickets according to a specified template.
Set up Remedy integration in two areas of the Administrator interface:
•
Remedy server settings — Set up Remedy configuration by creating a Remedy
resource from the Resources area. After setting up the resource, test the
connection to ensure integration is enabled.
•
Remedy template — After setting up the Remedy resource, define a Remedy
template. To do this, select Configure, and then select Remedy Integration.
You will then select the Remedy schema and resource.
Creation of Remedy tickets is configured through Identity Manager workflow.
Depending on your preferences, a call can be made at an appropriate time that uses
the defined template to open a Remedy ticket. For more information about
configuring workflows, see Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.
Configuring Identity Manager Server Settings
You can edit server-specific settings so that Identity Manager servers run only
specific tasks. To do this, select Configure, and then select Servers.
To edit settings for an individual server, select a server in the list on the Configure
Servers page. Identity Manager displays the Edit Server Settings page, where you
can edit reconciler, scheduler, JMX and other settings.
Reconciler Settings
By default, reconciler settings display on the Edit Server Settings page. You can
accept the default value or de-select the Use default option to specify a value:
•
Parallel Resource Limit — Specify the maximum number of resources that the
reconciler can process in parallel.
•
Minimum Worker Threads — Specify the number of processing threads that
the reconciler will always keep alive.
•
Maximum Worker Threads — Specify the maximum number of processing
threads that the reconciler can use. The reconciler will only start as many
threads as the workload requires; this places a limit on that number.
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Configuring Identity Manager Server Settings
Scheduler Settings
Click Scheduler on the Edit Server Settings page to display scheduler options. You
can accept the default value or de-select the Use default option to specify a value:
•
Scheduler Startup — Select a startup mode for the scheduler:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
Automatic — Starts when the server is started. This is the default startup
mode.
Manual — Starts when the server is started, but remains suspended until
manually started.
Disabled — Does not start when the server is started.
•
Tracing Enabled — Select this option to activate scheduler debug tracing to
standard output.
•
Maximum Concurrent Tasks — Selet this option to specify the maximum
number of tasks, other than the default, that the Scheduler will run at any one
time. Requests for additional tasks above this limit will either be deferred until
later or run on another server.
•
Task Restrictions — Specify the set of tasks that can execute on the server. To
do this, select one or more tasks from the list of available tasks. The list of
selected tasks can be an inclusion or exclusion list depending on the option you
select. You can choose to allow all tasks except those selected in the list (the
default behavior), or allow only the selected tasks.
Click Save to save changes to the server settings.
Email Template Server Settings
Click Email Templates on the Servers menu to specify the Default SMTP Server
setting.
Use this option to specify the default email server by clearing the Use Default
selection and entering the mail server to use, if other than the default. The text you
enter is used to replace the smtpHost variable in Email Templates.
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Configuring Identity Manager Server Settings
JMX
Use this setting to enable JMX cluster polling and configure the interval for the
polling threads. JMX data gathered can be viewed by going to the Identity
Manager debug page and clicking the Show MBean Info button.
To enable the JMX polling, click JMX on the Servers tab and select the following
options:
•
Enable JMX — Use this option to enable or disable the polling thread for the
JMX Cluster MBean. To enable JMX, clear the default selection (Use Default
(false)).
NOTE
•
Because of the use of system resources for polling cycles, enable this
option only if you plan to use JMX.
Polling Interval (ms) — Use this option to change the default interval at which
the server will poll the repository for changes, when JMX is enabled. Specify
the interval in milliseconds.
The default polling interval is set to 60000 milliseconds. To change it, clear the
check box for this option and enter the new value in the entry field provided.
Click Save to save changes to the server settings.
Editing Default Server Settings
The Default Server Settings feature lets you set the default settings for all Identity
Manager servers. The servers inherit these settings unless you select differently in
the individual server settings pages. To edit the default settings, click Edit Default
Server Settings. The Edit Default Server Settings page displays the same options as
the individual server settings pages.
Changes you make to each default server setting is propagated to the
corresponding individual server setting, unless you have de-selected the Use
default option for that setting.
Click Save to save changes to the server settings.
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Chapter 5
Administration
This chapter provides information and procedures for performing a range of
administrative-level tasks in the Identity Manager system, such as creating and
managing Identity Manager administrators and organizations. It also provides an
understanding of how you can use roles, capabilities, and administrative roles in
Identity Manager.
The information is grouped in the following topics:
•
Understanding Identity Manager Administration
•
Creating Administrators
•
Understanding Identity Manager Organizations
•
Creating Organizations
•
Understanding Directory Junctions and Virtual Organizations
•
Understanding and Managing Capabilities
•
Understanding and Managing Admin Roles
•
Managing Work Items
•
Account Approvals
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Understanding Identity Manager Administration
Understanding Identity Manager Administration
Identity Manager administrators are users with extended Identity Manager
privileges. You establish Identity Manager administrators to manage:
•
User accounts
•
System objects, such as roles and resources
•
Organizations
Identity Manager differentiates administrators from users through the direct or
indirect assignment of:
•
Capabilities. A set of permissions granting access rights to Identity Manager
users, organizations, roles, and resources.
•
Controlled organizations. Once assigned to control an organization, the
administrator can manage objects in that organization and in any
organizations below that organization in the hierarchy.
Delegated Administration
In most companies, employees with administrative tasks to perform hold specific
and varied responsibilities. In many cases, an administrator needs to perform
account management tasks that are transparent to other users or administrators, or
that are limited in scope.
For example, an administrator might be responsible only for creating Identity
Manager user accounts. With that limited scope of responsibility, the administrator
likely does not need specific information about the resources on which he creates
user accounts, or about the roles or organizations that exist within the system.
Identity Manager supports separation of responsibility and this delegated
administration model by allowing administrators to view and manage only those
objects within a specific, defined scope.
Identity Manager implements the ability to delegate individual system activities to
administrators by:
152
•
Providing limited control over specific organizations and objects within those
organizations
•
Filtering administrator views of Identity Manager user create and edit pages
•
Giving administrators specific job duties in the form of capabilities
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You can specify delegation for a user from the Create User page when you set up a
new user account, or when you edit a user account.
You can also delegate work items, such as requests for approvals, from the Work
Items tab. See “Delegating Work Items” on page 196 for details.
Creating Administrators
You create an Identity Manager administrator by extending the capabilities of a
Identity Manager user. When creating or editing a user, you can give him
administrative control by:
•
Designating organizations that he can manage
•
Assigning capabilities within the organizations he manages
•
Selecting the form he will use when creating and editing Identity Manager
users (if capabilities are assigned that allow him to perform those actions)
•
Selecting an approver to receive pending approval requests (if capabilities are
assigned that allow him to approve requests)
To give a user administrative privileges, select Accounts in the menu bar to go to
the Identity Manager Accounts area. For a new user, select the Security tab from
the Create User page to assign administrator attributes.
To assign administrator attributes to an existing user, select the user in the
Accounts list and edit the user’s capabilities by selecting Edit User Capabilities
from the User Actions list. The Security form that opens is illustrated in the
following figure:
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Figure 5-1
User Account Security page: Specifying Administrator privileges
Make one or more selections to establish administrative control:
154
•
Controlled Organizations — Select one or more organizations. The
administrator can control objects in the selected organization and in any
organizations beneath it in the hierarchy. The scope of his control is further
defined by his assigned capabilities. You must make a selection in this area.
•
Capabilities — Select one or more capabilities this administrator will have
within the organizations he controls. For more information and descriptions of
Identity Manager capabilities, read Chapter 4, “Configuration”.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
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•
User Form — Select the user form that this administrator will use when
creating and editing Identity Manager users (if that capability is assigned). If
you do not directly assign a user form, the administrator will inherit the user
form assigned to the organization he belongs to. The form selected here
supersedes any form selected within this administrator's organization.
•
Forward Approval Requests To — Select a user to forward all current pending
approval requests to that user. This administrator setting also can be set from
the Approvals page.
•
Delegate Work Items To — If available, use this option to specify delegation
for the user account. You can specify your IDMManager, one or more selected
users, or use a delegate approvers rule.
Filtering Administrator Views
By assigning user forms to organizations and administrators, you establish specific
administrator views of user information. Access to user information is set at two
levels:
•
Organization — When you create an organization, you assign the user form
that all administrators in that organization will use when creating and editing
Identity Manager users. Any form set at the administrator level overrides the
form set here. If no form is selected for the administrator or the organization,
Identity Manager inherits the form selected for the parent organization. If no
form is set there, Identity Manager uses the default form set in the system
configuration.
•
Administrator — When you assign a user administrative capabilities, you can
directly assign a user form to the administrator. If you do not assign a form, the
administrator inherits the form assigned to his organization (or the default
form set in the system configuration if no form is set for the organization).
Chapter 4, “Configuration,” describes built-in Identity Manager capabilities that
you can assign.
Changing Administrator Passwords
Administrator passwords may be changed by an administrator with administrative
password change capabilities assigned, or by the administrator-owner.
Administrators can change another administrator’s password through:
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•
Accounts area — Select an administrator from the list, and then select Change
Password from the User Actions list.
•
Edit User page — Select the Identity form tab, and then enter and confirm a
new password.
•
Passwords area — Enter an administrator name, and then click Change
Password.
Enter one or more characters, and then click Find to list all matches.
TIP
An administrator can change his own password from the Passwords area. Select
Passwords, and then select Change My Password to access self-service password
fields.
NOTE
The Identity Manager account policy applied to the account
determines password limitations, such as password expiration, reset
options, and notification selections. Additional password limitations
may be set by password policies set on the administrator’s
resources.
Challenging Administrator Actions
You can set an option to require that an administrator be challenged for his Identity
Manager login password before processing certain account changes. If the
password fails, then the account action does not succeed.
Identity Manager pages that support this option are:
•
Edit User (account/modify.jsp)
•
Change User Password (admin/changeUserPassword.jsp)
•
Reset User Password (admin/resetUserPassword.jsp)
Set these options as described in the following sections:
Edit User Challenge Option
Set this option in the account/modify.jsp page as follows:
requestState.setOption(UserViewConstants.OP_REQUIRES_CHALLENGE, "email,
fullname, password");
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where the value of the option is a comma-delimited list of one or more of these user
view attribute names:
•
applications
•
adminRoles
•
assignedLhPolicy
•
capabilities
•
controlledOrganizations
•
email
•
firstname
•
fullname
•
lastname
•
organization
•
password
•
resources
•
roles
Change User Password and Reset User Password Challenge Option
Set this option in the admin/changeUserPassword.jsp and
admin/resetUserPassword pages as follows:
requestState.setOption(UserViewConstants.OP_REQUIRES_CHALLENGE, "true");
where the value of the option can be true or false.
Changing Answers to Authentication Questions
Use the Passwords area to change the answers you have set for account
authentication questions. From the menu bar, select Passwords, and then select
Change My Answers.
For more information about authentication, see “User Authentication” on page 93.
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Customizing Administrator Name Display in the
Administrator Interface
You can display an Identity Manager administrator by attribute (such as email or
fullname) rather than accountId in some Identity Manager Administrator interface
pages and areas, such as the following areas:
•
Edit User (forward approvals selection list)
•
Role table
•
Create/Edit Role
•
Create/Edit Resource
•
Create/Edit Organization/Directory Junction
•
Approvals
To configure Identity Manager to use a display name, add to the UserUIConfig
object:
<AdminDisplayAttribute>
<String>attribute_name</String>
</AdminDisplayAttribute>
For example, to use the email attribute as the display name, add the following
attribute name to UserUIconfig:
<AdminDisplayAttribute>
<String>email</String>
</AdminDisplayAttribute>
Understanding Identity Manager Organizations
Organizations allow you to:
•
Logically and securely manage user accounts and administrators
•
Limit access to resources, applications, roles, and other Identity Manager
objects
By creating organizations and assigning users to various locations in an
organizational hierarchy, you set the stage for delegated administration.
Organizations that contain one or more other organizations are called parent
organizations.
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All Identity Manager users (including administrators) are statically assigned to one
organization. Users also can be dynamically assigned to additional organizations.
Identity Manager administrators are additionally assigned to control organizations.
Creating Organizations
Create organizations in the Identity Manager Accounts area. To create an
organization, use the following steps:
1.
From the menu bar, select Accounts.
2.
Select New Organization from the New Actions list on the Accounts page.
TIP
To create an organization at a specific location in the organizational
hierarchy, select an organization in the list, and then select New
Organization from the New Actions list.
Figure 5-2 illustrates the Create Organization page.
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Figure 5-2
160
Create Organization Page
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Creating Organizations
Assigning Users to Organizations
Each user is a static member of one organization, and can be a dynamic member of
more than one organization. Organizational membership is determined by:
•
Direct (static) assignment — Assign users directly to an organization from the
Create or Edit User page. (Select the Identity form tab to display the
Organizations field.) A user must be directly assigned to one organization.
•
Rule-driven (dynamic) assignment — Dynamically assign users to an
organization by assigning a rule to the organization that, when evaluated,
returns a set of member users. Identity Manager will evaluate the user member
rule when:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
Listing the users in an organization
Finding users (through the Find Users page) that includes searching for
users that are in an organization with a user member rule
Requesting access to a user, and the current administrator controls an
organization with a user member rule
Select a user members rule from the User Members Rule field on the Create
Organization page. Figure 5-3 shows an example of a user member rule.
Figure 5-3
Create Organization: User Members Rule Selections
The following example shows how you might set up a user members rule that can
dynamically control an organization’s user membership.
NOTE
For information about creating and working with rules in Identity
Manager, see Identity Manager Deployment Tools.
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Key Definitions and Inclusions
•
For a rule to appear in the User Member Rule option box, its authType must be
set as authType=’UserMembersRule’.
•
The context is the currently authenticated Identity Manager user's session.
•
The defined variable (defvar) Team players gets the distinguished name
(dn) for each user that is a member of the Windows Active Directory
organization unit (ou) Pro Ball Team.
•
For each user found, the append logic will concatenate the dn of each member
user of the Pro Ball Team ou with the name of the Identity Manager Resource
prefixed by a colon (as in :smith-AD).
•
The results returned will be a list of dn’s concatenated with the Identity
Manager resource name in the format dn:smith-AD.
The following is an example of the syntax for a sample user member rule.
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Code Example 5-1
Sample User Members Rule
<Rule name='Get Team Players'
authType='UserMembersRule'>
<defvar name='Team players'>
<block>
<defvar name='player names'>
<list/>
</defvar>
<dolist name='users'>
<invoke class='com.waveset.ui.FormUtil'
name='getResourceObjects'>
<ref>context</ref>
<s>User</s>
<s>singleton-AD</s>
<map>
<s>searchContext</s>
<s>OU=Pro Ball Team,DC=dev-ad,DC=waveset,DC=com</s>
<s>searchScope</s>
<s>subtree</s>
<s>searchAttrsToGet</s>
<list>
<s>distinguishedName</s>
</list>
</map>
</invoke>
<append name='player names'>
<concat>
<get>
<ref>users</ref>
<s>distinguishedName</s>
</get>
<s>:sampson-AD</s>
</concat>
</append>
</dolist>
<ref>player names</ref>
</block>
</defvar>
<ref>Team players</ref>
</Rule>
Assigning Organization Control
Assign administrative control of one or more organizations from the Create or Edit
User page. Select the Security form tab to display the Controlled Organizations
field.
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Understanding Directory Junctions and Virtual Organizations
You can also assign administrative control of organizations by assigning one or
more admin roles, from the Admin Roles field.
Understanding Directory Junctions and Virtual
Organizations
A directory junction is a hierarchically related set of organizations that mirrors a
directory resource’s actual set of hierarchical containers. A directory resource is one
that employs a hierarchical namespace through the use of hierarchical containers.
Examples of directory resources include LDAP servers and Windows Active
Directory resources.
Each organization in a directory junction is a virtual organization. The top-most
virtual organization in a directory junction is a mirror of the container representing
the base context defined in the resource. The remaining virtual organizations in a
directory junction are direct or indirect children of the top virtual organization, and
also mirror one of the directory resource containers that are children of the defined
resource’s base context container. This structure is illustrated in Figure 5-4.
Figure 5-4
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Identity Manager Virtual Organization
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Understanding Directory Junctions and Virtual Organizations
Directory junctions can be spliced into the existing Identity Manager
organizational structure at any point. However, directory junctions cannot be
spliced within or below an existing directory junction.
Once you have added a directory junction to the Identity Manager organizational
tree, you can create or delete virtual organizations in the context of that directory
junction. In addition, you can refresh the set of virtual organizations comprising a
directory junction at any time to ensure they stay synchronized with the directory
resource containers. You cannot create a non-virtual organization within a
directory junction.
You can make Identity Manager objects (such as users, resource, and roles)
members of, and available to, a virtual organization in the same way as an Identity
Manager organization.
Setting Up Directory Junctions
You set up directory junctions from the Identity Manager Accounts area:
1.
From the Identity Manager menu bar, select Accounts.
2.
Select an Identity Manager organization in the Accounts list, and then select
New Directory Junction from the New Actions list.
The organization you select will be the parent organization of the virtual
organization you set up.
Identity Manager displays the Create Directory Junction page.
3.
Make selections to set up the virtual organization:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
Parent organization — This field contains the organization you selected
from the Accounts list; you can, however, select a different parent
organization from the list.
Directory resource — Select the directory resource that manages the
existing directory whose structure you want to mirror in the virtual
organization.
User form — Select a user form that will apply to administrators in this
organization.
Identity Manager account policy — Select a policy, or select the default
option (inherited) to inherit the policy from the parent organization.
Approvers — Select administrators who can approve requests related to
this organization.
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Refreshing Virtual Organizations
This process refreshes and re-synchronizes the virtual organization with the
associated directory resource, from the selected organization down. Select the
virtual organization in the list, and then select Refresh Organization from the
Organization Actions list.
Deleting Virtual Organizations
When deleting virtual organizations, you can select from two delete options:
•
Delete the Identity Manager organization only — Deletes the Identity Manager
directory junction only.
•
Delete the Identity Manager organization and the resource container — Deletes
the Identity Manager directory junction and the corresponding organization on
the native resource.
Select an option, and then click Delete.
Understanding and Managing Capabilities
Capabilities are groups of rights in the Identity Manager system. Capabilities
represent administrative job responsibilities, such as resetting passwords or
administering user accounts. Each Identity Manager administrative user is
assigned one or more capabilities, which provide a set of privileges without
compromising data protection.
Not all Identity Manager users need capabilities assigned; only those who will
perform one or more administrative actions through Identity Manager. For
example, an assigned capability is not needed to enable a user to change his
password, but an assigned capability is required to change another user’s
password.
Your assigned capabilities govern which areas of the Identity Manager
Administrator Interface you can access. All Identity Manager administrative users
can access certain areas of Identity Manager, including:
166
•
Home and Help tabs
•
Passwords tab (Change My Password and Change My Answers subtabs only)
•
Reports (limited to types related to the administrator's specific responsibilities)
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Understanding and Managing Capabilities
Capabilities Categories
Identity Manager defines Capabilities as:
•
•
Task-based. These are capabilities at their simplest task level.
Functional. Functional capabilities contain one or more other functional
or task-based capabilities.
Built-in capabilities (those provided with the Identity Manager system) are
protected, meaning that you cannot edit them. You can, however, use them within
capabilities that you create.
Protected (built-in) capabilities are indicated in the list with a red key (or red key
and folder) icon. Capabilities that you create and can edit are indicated in the
capabilities list with a green key (or green key and folder) icon.
Working with Capabilities
1.
From the menu bar, select Security.
2.
Select the Capabilities tab to display the list of Identity Manager capabilities.
Create a Capability
To create a capability, click New. Name the new capability and then select the
capabilities, assigners, and organizations to which this capability will be available.
You must select at least one organization.
NOTE
The set of users from which you can make assigner selections are
those who have been assigned the Assign Capability right.
Edit a Capability
To edit a non-protected capability, right-click it in the list, and then select Edit.
You cannot edit built-in capabilities; however, you can save them with a different
name to create your own capability, or use them in capabilities that you create.
Save and Rename a Capability
To clone a capability (save it with a different name to create a new capability):
•
Right-click a capability in the list, and then select Save As.
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•
Enter a new name, and then click OK.
You can edit the new capability, even if the copied capability is protected.
Assigning Capabilities
Assign capabilities to a user from the Create and Edit User page. You can also
assign capabilities to a user by assigning an administrator role, which you set up
through the Security area in the interface. See “Understanding and Managing
Admin Roles” on page 186 for more information.
Capabilities Hierarchy
Task-based capabilities fall within the following functional capabilities hierarchy:
Account Administrator
•
Approver Administrator
вќЌ
Organization Approver
вќЌ
Resource Approver
вќЌ
Role Approver
•
Assign User Capabilities
•
SPML Access
•
User Account Administrator
вќЌ
Create User
вќЌ
Delete User
•
Delete IDM User
•
Deprovision User
•
Unassign User
•
Unlink User
вќЌ
Disable User
вќЌ
Enable User
вќЌ
Password Administrator
•
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Change Password Administrator
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•
Reset Password Administrator
вќЌ
Rename User
вќЌ
Unlock User
вќЌ
Update User
вќЌ
View User
вќЌ
Import User
Admin Role Administrator
•
Connect Capabilities
•
Connect Capabilities Rules
•
Connect Controlled Organizations Rules
•
Connect Organizations
Auditor Administrator
•
•
Assign Audit Policies
вќЌ
Assign Organization Audit Policies
вќЌ
Assign User Audit Policies
Audit Policy Administrator
вќЌ
•
Auditor View User
Auditor Periodic Access Review Administrator
вќЌ
Auditor Access Scan Administrator
•
Auditor Report Administrator
•
Password Administrator
•
User Account Administrator
•
Assign User Capabilities
Auditor Report Administrator
•
Access Review Detail Report Administrator
вќЌ
•
Run Access Review Detail Report
Access Review Summary Report Administrator
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вќЌ
•
Audit Policy Scan Report Administrator
вќЌ
•
Run Audited Attribute Report
AuditPolicy Violation History Administrator
вќЌ
•
Run Audit Policy Scan Report
Audited Attribute Report Administrator
вќЌ
•
Run Access Review Summary Report
Run Audit Policy Violation History Report
Organization Violation History Administrator
вќЌ
Run Organization Violation History Report
•
Policy Summary Report Administrator
•
Resource Violation History Administrator
вќЌ
Run Resource Violation History Report
•
Run Auditor Report
•
Separation of Duties Report Administrator
вќЌ
•
User Access Report Administrator
вќЌ
•
Run Separation of Duties Report
Run User Access Report
Violation Summary Report Administrator
Bulk Account Administrator
170
•
Approver Administrator
•
Assign User Capabilities
•
Bulk User Account Administrator
вќЌ
Bulk Create User
вќЌ
Bulk Delete User
•
Bulk Delete IDM User
•
Bulk Deprovision User
•
Bulk Unassign User
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Understanding and Managing Capabilities
•
Bulk Unlink User
вќЌ
Bulk Disable User
вќЌ
Bulk Enable User
вќЌ
Password Administrator
вќЌ
Rename User
вќЌ
Unlock User
вќЌ
View User
вќЌ
Import User
Bulk Change Account Administrator
•
Approver Administrator
•
Assign User Capabilities
•
Bulk Change User Account Administrator
вќЌ
Bulk Disable User
вќЌ
Bulk Enable User
вќЌ
Bulk Update User
вќЌ
Password Administrator
вќЌ
Rename User
вќЌ
Unlock User
вќЌ
View User
Bulk Resource Password Administrator
•
Bulk Change Resource Password Administrator
•
Bulk Reset Resource Password Administrator
Capability Administrator
Change Account Administrator
•
Approver Administrator
•
Assign User Capabilities
•
Change User Account Administrator
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вќЌ
Password Administrator
•
Change Password Administrator
•
Reset Password Administrator
вќЌ
Disable User
вќЌ
Enable User
вќЌ
Rename User
вќЌ
Unlock User
вќЌ
Update User
вќЌ
View User
Configure Certificates
Import/Export Administrator
License Administrator
Login Administrator
Meta View Administrator
Organization Administrator
Password Administrator (Verification Required)
•
Change Password Administrator (Verification Required)
•
Reset Password Administrator (Verification Required)
Policy Administrator
Reconcile Administrator
•
Reconcile Request Administrator
Remedy Integration Administrator
Report Administrator
•
Admin Report Administrator
вќЌ
172
Run Admin Report
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Understanding and Managing Capabilities
•
Audit Report Administrator
вќЌ
•
Run Audit Report
Auditor Report Administrator
вќЌ
•
Reconcile Report Administrator
вќЌ
•
Resource Report Administrator
вќЌ
•
Run Task Report
User Report Administrator
вќЌ
•
Run Role Report
Task Report Administrator
вќЌ
•
Run Risk Analysis
Role Report Administrator
вќЌ
•
Run Resource Report
Risk Analysis Administrator
вќЌ
•
Run Reconcile Report
Run User Report
Configure Audit
Resource Administrator
•
Change Active Sync Resource Administrator
•
Control Active Sync Resource Administrator
•
Resource Group Administrator
Resource Object Administrator
Resource Password Administrator
•
Change Resource Password Administrator
•
Reset Resource Password Administrator
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Understanding and Managing Capabilities
Role Administrator
Security Administrator
Service Provider Administrator
•
Service Provider User Administrator
вќЌ
Service Provider Create User
вќЌ
Service Provider Delete User
вќЌ
Service Provider Update User
вќЌ
Service Provider View User
Service Provider Admin Role Administrator
User Account Administrator
•
Delete User
•
Password Administrator
•
Create User
•
Disable User
•
Enable User
•
Import User
•
Rename User
•
Unlock User
•
Update User
View Organizations
•
List Organizations
View Resources
•
List Resources
Waveset Administrator
Capabilities Definitions
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Table 5-1 describes each of the task-based capabilities and highlights the tabs and
subtabs accessible with each capability. The capabilities are listed in alphabetical
order by name.
All capabilities grant the user or administrator access to the Passwords > Change
My Password and Change My Answers tabs.
Table 5-1
Identity Manager Capabilities Descriptions
Capability
Allows the Administrator/User to:
Can Access These Tabs and Subtabs:
Access Review Detail
Report Administrator
Create, edit, delete, and execute Access
Review Detail Reports
Reports > Run Reports tab, View
Reports tab- Access Review Detail
Reports only
Reports > View Dashboards
Access Review
Summary Report
Administrator
Create, edit, delete, and execute Access
Review Summary Reports
Account
Administrator
Perform all operations on users, including
assigning capabilities. Does not include bulk
operations.
Reports - Access Review Summary
Reports only
Reports > View Dashboards
Accounts - List Accounts, Find Users,
Extract to File, Load from File, Load
from Resource tabs
Passwords - All subtabs
Work Items - Approvals subtab
Tasks - All subtabs
Admin Report
Administrator
Create, edit, delete, and run administrator
reports.
Reports - Manage Reports, Run
Reports subtabs (Administrator report
only)
Admin Role
Administrator
Create, edit, and delete admin roles.
Security - Admin Roles subtab
Approver
Administrator
Approve or reject requests initiated by other
users.
Default only
Assign Audit Policies
Assign audit policies to user accounts and
organizations.
Accounts - Edit User Audit Policy from
the User Actions list.
Accounts - Edit Organization Audit
Policy from the Organization Actions list.
Assign Organization
Audit Policies
Assign audit policies to organizations only.
Accounts - Edit Organization Audit
Policy from the Organization Actions list;
List Accounts tab
Assign User Audit
Policies
Assign audit policies to users only.
Accounts - Edit User Audit Policy from
the User Actions list; List Accounts tab;
Find Users tab
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Table 5-1
Identity Manager Capabilities Descriptions (Continued)
Capability
Allows the Administrator/User to:
Can Access These Tabs and Subtabs:
Assign User
Capabilities
Change user capabilities assignments (assign
and unassign).
Accounts - List Accounts (Edit only),
Find Users subtabs.
Must be assigned with another user
administrator capability (for example,
Create User or Enable User).
Audit Policy
Administrator
Create, modify, and delete audit policies.
Compliance - Manage Policies
Audit Policy Scan
Report Administrator
Create, modify, delete, and execute the Audit
Policy Scan Report.
Reports - Audit Policy Scan reports only
Audit Report
Administrator
Create, modify, delete, and execute audit
reports.
Reports - Audit report only
Audited Attribute
Report Administrator
Create, modify, delete, and execute the Audited
Attribute Report.
Reports - Audited Attribute reports only
AuditLog Report
Administrator
Create, modify, delete, and execute the
AuditLog Report.
Reports - AuditLog reports only
Auditor Access Scan
Administrator
Create, edit, and delete Periodic Access
Review scans
Compliance - Manage Access Scans
Auditor Administrator
Set up, manage, and monitor audit policies,
audit scans and user compliance.
Compliance - All subtabs
Reports - Run Reports, View Reports,
and manage Auditor Reports
Accounts - Edit User Audit Policies and
Edit Organization Audit Policies actions.
Auditor Attestor
Required to attest other users’ attestations
while organization security is enabled.
Default only
Auditor Periodic
Access Review
Administrator
Manage Periodic Access Reviews (PAR),
manage access scans, manage attestations,
manage PAR reports.
Compliance - Manage Access Scans,
Access Review subtabs
Auditor Remediator
Remediate, mitigate, and forward audit policy
violations.
Remediations - All subtabs
Auditor Report
Administrator
Create, modify, delete, and execute any of the
Auditor Reports.
Reports - all actions on auditor reports
Auditor View User
View compliance information associated with
user.
Accounts - List Accounts, Find Users
tabs
AuditPolicy Violation
History Administrator
Create. modify, delete, and execute the
AuditPolicy Violation History report.
Reports - AuditPolicy Violation History
reports only
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Table 5-1
Identity Manager Capabilities Descriptions (Continued)
Capability
Allows the Administrator/User to:
Can Access These Tabs and Subtabs:
Bulk Account
Administrator
Perform regular and bulk operations on users,
including assigning capabilities.
Accounts - All subtabs
Passwords - All subtabs
Approvals - All subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Bulk Change Account
Administrator
Perform regular and bulk operations except
delete on existing users, including assigning
capabilities.
Accounts - List Accounts, Find Users,
Launch Bulk Actions subtabs. Cannot
create or delete users.
Passwords - All subtabs
Approvals - All subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Bulk Change User
Account
Administrator
Perform regular and bulk operations except
delete on existing users.
Accounts - List Accounts, Find Users,
Launch Bulk Actions subtabs. Cannot
create, delete, or assign capabilities to
users.
Passwords - All subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Bulk Create User
Assign resources and initiate user create
requests (on individual users and by using bulk
operations).
Accounts - List Accounts (Create only),
Find Users, Launch Bulk Actions
subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Bulk Delete User
Bulk Delete IDM User
Delete Identity Manager user accounts;
deprovision, unassign, and unlink resource
accounts (on individual users and by using bulk
operations).
Accounts - List Accounts (Create only),
Find Users, Launch Bulk Actions
subtabs
Delete existing Identity Manager user accounts
(on individual users and by using bulk
operations).
Accounts - List Accounts (Delete only),
Find Users, Launch Bulk Actions
subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Bulk Deprovision
User
Delete and unlink existing resource accounts
(on individual users and by using bulk
operations).
Accounts - List Accounts (Deprovision
only), Find Users, Launch Bulk Actions
subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Bulk Disable User
Disable existing users and resource accounts
(on individual users and by using bulk
operations).
Accounts - List Accounts (Disable only),
Find Users, Launch Bulk Actions
subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
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Table 5-1
Identity Manager Capabilities Descriptions (Continued)
Capability
Allows the Administrator/User to:
Can Access These Tabs and Subtabs:
Bulk Enable User
Enable existing users and resource accounts
(on individual users and by using bulk
operations).
Accounts - List Accounts (Enable only),
Find Users, Launch Bulk Actions
subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Bulk Unassign User
Unassign and unlink existing resource accounts
(on individual users and by using bulk
operations).
Accounts - List Accounts (Unassign
only), Find Users, Launch Bulk Actions
subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Bulk Unlink User
Unlink existing resource accounts (on individual
users and by using bulk operations).
Accounts - List Accounts (Unlink only),
Find Users, Launch Bulk Actions
subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Bulk Update User
Update existing users and resource accounts
(on individual users and by using bulk
operations).
Accounts - List Accounts (Update only),
Find Users, Launch Bulk Actions
subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Bulk User Account
Administrator
Perform all regular and bulk operations on
users.
Accounts - All subtabs
Passwords - All subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Capability
Administrator
Create, modify, and delete capabilities.
Configure - Capabilities subtab
Change Account
Administrator
Perform all operations except delete on existing
users, including assigning capabilities. Does
not include bulk operations
Accounts - All subtabs. Cannot delete
users.
Passwords - All subtabs
Approvals - All subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Reports - Create admin and user reports,
run and edit admin reports, run auditlog
reports in scope. Cannot run admin and
user reports on out-of-scope
organizations.
Change Active Sync
Resource
Administrator
178
Change active sync resource parameters.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Tasks - Find Tasks, All Tasks, Run
Tasks subtabs
Resources - For Active Sync resources:
Edit actions menu, Edit Active Sync
Parameters
Understanding and Managing Capabilities
Table 5-1
Identity Manager Capabilities Descriptions (Continued)
Capability
Allows the Administrator/User to:
Can Access These Tabs and Subtabs:
Change Password
Administrator
Change user and resource account passwords.
Accounts - List Accounts, Find Users
subtabs (Change Password only)
Passwords - All subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs. Export Password
Scan task only (from Run Tasks subtab)
Change Password
Administrator
(Verification
Required)
Change user and resource account passwords
following successful validation of the user's
authentication question answers.
Accounts - List Accounts, Find Users
subtabs (Change Password only;
verification required before action)
Passwords - All subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs. Export Password
Scan task only (from Run Tasks subtab)
Change Resource
Password
Administrator
Change resource administrator account
passwords.
Tasks - All subtabs
Change User
Account
Administrator
Perform all operations except delete on existing
users. Does not include bulk operations
Accounts - List Accounts, Find Users
subtabs. Cannot create, delete, or assign
capabilities to users.
Resources - List Resources subtab.
Change resource password only (from
Manage Connection-->Change
Password in the actions menu)
Passwords - All subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Configure Audit
Configure the events and configuration groups
audited in the system.
Configure - Audit Events subtab
Configure Certificates
Configure trusted certificates and CRLs.
Security - Certificates subtab
Control Active Sync
Resource
Administrator
Control Active Sync resource state (such as
start, stop, and refresh)
Tasks - Find Tasks, All Tasks, Run
Tasks
Create User
Assign resources and initiate user create
requests. Does not include bulk operations
Resources - For Active Sync resources:
Active Sync actions menu (all selections)
Accounts - List Accounts (Create only),
Find Users subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Delete User
Delete IDM User
Delete Identity Manager user accounts;
deprovision, unassign, and unlink resource
accounts. Does not include bulk operations.
Accounts - List Accounts (Delete only),
Find Users subtabs
Delete Identity Manager user accounts. Does
not include bulk operations.
Accounts - List Accounts (Delete only),
Find Users subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
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Table 5-1
Identity Manager Capabilities Descriptions (Continued)
Capability
Allows the Administrator/User to:
Can Access These Tabs and Subtabs:
Deprovision User
Delete and unlink existing resource accounts.
Does not include bulk operations.
Accounts - List Accounts (Deprovision
only), Find Users subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Disable User
Disable existing users and resource accounts.
Does not include bulk operations
Accounts - List Accounts (Disable only),
Find Users subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Enable User
Enable existing users and resource accounts.
Does not include bulk operations
Accounts - List Accounts (Enable only),
Find Users subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Import User
Import users from defined resources.
Accounts - Extract to File, Load from
File, Load from Resource subtabs
Import/Export
Administrator
Import and export all types of objects.
Configure - Import Exchange File
subtab
License Administrator
Set the Identity system product license
Provides lh license command access.
(No Administrator Interface tabs provided
by this capability.)
Login Administrator
Edit the set of login modules for a given login
interface.
Configure - Login subtab
Meta View
Administrator
Modify the Identity Attributes configuration
Meta View - Identity Attributes tab
Organization
Administrator
Create, edit, and delete organizations.
Accounts - List Accounts subtab (Edit
and create organizations and directory
junctions, delete organizations only)
Organization
Approver
Approve requests for new organizations.
Work Items - Approvals subtab
Organization
Violation History
Administrator
Create. modify, delete, and execute the
Organization Violation History report.
Reports - Organization Violation History
reports only
Password
Administrator
Change and reset user and resource account
passwords.
Accounts - List Accounts (list, change,
and reset passwords only), Find Users
subtabs
Passwords - All subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
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Table 5-1
Identity Manager Capabilities Descriptions (Continued)
Capability
Allows the Administrator/User to:
Can Access These Tabs and Subtabs:
Password
Administrator
(Verification
Required)
Change and reset user and resource account
passwords following successful validation of
the user's authentication question answers.
Accounts - List Accounts (list, change,
and reset passwords only; verification
required before action succeeds), Find
Users subtabs
Passwords - All subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Policy Administrator
Create, edit, and delete Policies.
Configure - Policy subtab
Policy Summary
Report Administrator
Create, modify, delete, and execute the Policy
Summary Report.
Reports - Policy Summary reports only
Reconcile
Administrator
Edit reconciliation policies and control
reconciliation tasks.
Server Tasks - All subtabs (View
reconcile task).
Resources - List Resources subtab
Reconcile Report
Administrator
Create, edit, delete, and run reconciliation
reports.
Reports - Run Reports (Account Index
report only), Manage Reports subtabs
Reconcile Request
Administrator
Manage reconciliation requests.
Tasks - All subtabs
Remedy Integration
Administrator
Modify Remedy integration configuration.
Resources - List Resources subtab (list
and reconciliation features only)
Tasks - All subtabs (view tasks, run role
synchronization)
Configure - Remedy Integration subtab
Rename User
Rename existing users and resource accounts.
Accounts - List Accounts subtab (list all
accounts in scope, rename users)
Report Administrator
Configure audit settings and run all report
types.
Tasks - All subtabs (view tasks, run role
synchronization)
Reports - All subtabs
Reset Password
Administrator
Reset user and resource account passwords.
Accounts - List Accounts, Find Users
subtabs (Reset Password only)
Passwords - All subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs. Export Password
Scan task only (from Run Tasks subtab)
Reset Password
Administrator
(Verification
Required)
Reset user and resource account passwords
following successful validation of the user's
authentication question answers.
Accounts - List Accounts, Find Users
subtabs (Reset Password only;
verification required before action
succeeds)
Passwords - All subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs. Export Password
Scan task only (from Run Tasks subtab)
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Table 5-1
Identity Manager Capabilities Descriptions (Continued)
Capability
Allows the Administrator/User to:
Can Access These Tabs and Subtabs:
Reset Resource
Password
Administrator
Reset resource administrator account
passwords.
Tasks - Find Tasks, All Tasks, Run
Tasks subtabs
Resource
Administrator
Create, modify, and delete resources.
Resources - List Resources subtab.
Reset resource password only (from
Manage Connection
-->Reset Password in the actions menu)
Reports - Resource user report, resource
group report returns error on out-of-scope
resources.
Resources - List Resources subtab (edit
global policy, edit parameters, resource
groups. Cannot manage connection or
resource objects).
Resource Group
Administrator
Create, edit, and delete resource groups.
Resources - List Resource Groups
subtab
Resource Object
Administrator
Create, modify, and delete resource objects.
Tasks - Find Tasks, All Tasks, Run
Tasks subtabs (view tasks involving
resource objects).
Resources - List Resources subtab (list
and manage resource objects only)
Resource Password
Administrator
Change and reset resource proxy account
passwords.
Tasks - Find Tasks, All Tasks, Run
Tasks subtabs
Resources - List Resources subtab.
Change resource password only (from
Manage Connection-->Change
Password in the actions menu)
Resource Report
Administrator
Create, edit, delete, and run resource reports.
Reports - All subtabs (resource reports
only)
Resource Violation
History Administrator
Create. modify, delete, and execute the
Resource Violation History report.
Reports - Resource Violation History
reports only
Risk Analysis
Administrator
Create, edit, delete, and run risk analysis.
Risk Analysis - All subtabs
Role Administrator
Create, modify, and delete roles.
Tasks - Find Tasks, All Tasks, Run
Tasks subtabs (synchronize roles)
Roles - All subtabs
Role Report
Administrator
Create, edit, delete, and run resource reports.
Reports - Role reports only
Run Access Review
Detail Report
Run the Access Review Detail Report
Reports - Access Review Detail Report
only
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Table 5-1
Identity Manager Capabilities Descriptions (Continued)
Capability
Allows the Administrator/User to:
Can Access These Tabs and Subtabs:
Run Access Review
Summary Report
Run the Access Review Summary Report
Reports - Access Review Summary
Report only
Run Admin Report
Run administrator reports.
Reports - Admin reports only
Run Audit Policy
Scan Administrator
Run and manage the Audit Policy Scan Report
Reports - Audit Policy Scan report only
Run Audit Policy
Scan Report
Run the Audit Policy Scan Report.
Reports - Audit Policy Scan reports only
Run Audit Report
Run audit reports.
Reports - AuditLog and Usage reports
only
Run Audited Attribute
Report
Execute the Audited Attribute Report.
Reports - Audited Attribute reports only
Run Auditor Report
Run any Auditor Report.
Reports > View Dashboards
Reports - any auditor report
Reports > View Dashboards
Run AuditLog Report
Execute the AuditLog Report.
Reports - AuditLog reports only
Run AuditPolicy
Violation History
Execute the Organization Violation History
report.
Reports - AuditPolicy Violation History
reports only
Reports > View Dashboards
Run Policy Summary
Report
Execute the Policy Summary Report.
Reports - Policy Summary reports only
Run Organization
Violation History
Execute the Organization Violation History
report.
Reports - Organization Violation History
reports only
Reports > View Dashboards
Run Reconcile
Report
Run reconciliation reports.
Reports - AuditLog and Usage reports
only
Run Resource Report
Run resource reports.
Reports - AuditLog and Usage reports
only
Run Resource
Violation History
Execute the Resource Violation History report.
Reports - Resource Violation History
reports only
Run Risk Analysis
Run risk analysis.
Reports - Run Risk Analysis, View Risk
Analysis subtabs
Run Role Report
Run role reports.
Reports - Role reports only
Run Task Report
Run task reports.
Reports - Task reports only
Run User Access
Report
Execute the Detailed User Report.
Reports - User Access reports only
Run User Report
Run user reports.
Reports > View Dashboards
Reports - User reports only
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Understanding and Managing Capabilities
Table 5-1
Identity Manager Capabilities Descriptions (Continued)
Capability
Allows the Administrator/User to:
Can Access These Tabs and Subtabs:
Run Violation
Summary Report
Execute the Violation Summary report.
Reports - Violation Summary reports only
Security
Administrator
Create users with capabilities; manage
encryption keys, login configuration, and
policies.
Reports > View Dashboards
Accounts - List Accounts (delete,
create, update, edit, change and edit
passwords), Find Users subtabs (audit
report)
Passwords - All subtabs
Tasks - Find Tasks, All Tasks, Run
Tasks subtabs
Reports - All subtabs
Resources - List Resources (list and
control resource objects)
Security - Policies, Login subtabs
Separation of Duties
Report Administrator
Create, edit, run, and delete a Separation of
Duties Report.
Reports - all actions for Separation of
Duties Report only
Run Separation of
Duties Report
Run a Separation of Duties Report
Reports - Separation of Duties Report
only
Reports > View Dashboards
Service Provider
Admin Role
Manage Service Provider Admin Roles and the
associated rules.
Security - Admin Roles tab
Service Provider
Administrator
Create, edit, and manage service provider
users and transactions; configure the
transaction database and tracked events.
Accounts - Manage Service Provider
Users subtab
Server Tasks > Service Provider
Transactions tab
Reports > View Dashboards tab
Reports > Dashboard Configuration tab
Service Provider - all subtabs
Service Provider
Create User
Create user accounts for service provider
(extranet) users.
Accounts - Manage Service Provider
Users subtab
Service Provider
Delete User
Delete a service provider user account.
Accounts - Manage Service Provider
Users subtab
Service Provider
Update User
Update a service provider user account.
Accounts - Manage Service Provider
Users subtab
Service Provider User
Administrator
Manage service provider (extranet) users.
Accounts > Manage Service Provider
Users - all subtabs
Service Provider
View User
View service provider (extranet) user account
information.
Accounts - Manage Service Provider
Users subtab
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Table 5-1
Identity Manager Capabilities Descriptions (Continued)
Capability
Allows the Administrator/User to:
Can Access These Tabs and Subtabs:
SPML Access
Allows access to the Service Provisioning
Markup Language (SPML) features in Identity
Manager.
Security - Capabilities subtab
Task Report
Administrator
Create, edit, delete, and run task reports.
Reports - Task Report only.
Unassign User
Unassign and unlink existing resource
accounts. Does not include bulk operations.
Accounts - List Accounts (Unassign
only), Find Users subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Unlink User
Unlink existing resource accounts. Does not
include bulk operations.
Accounts - List Accounts (Unlink only),
Find Users subtabs
Tasks - All subtabs
Unlock User
Update User
Unlock existing user’s resource accounts that
support unlock. Does not include bulk
operations.
Accounts - List Accounts (Unlock only),
Find Users subtabs
Tasks - Find Tasks, All Tasks, Run
Tasks subtabs
Edit existing users and initiate user update
requests.
Accounts - Edit and update users
User Access Report
Administrator
Create, run, edit, and delete a User Access
Report
Reports - User Access Report only
User Account
Administrator
All operations on users.
Accounts - List Accounts, Find Users,
Extract to File, Load from File, Load
from Resource subtabs. Cannot assign
user capabilities (Security form tab on
List Accounts subtab).
Tasks - Manage existing tasks (from the
All Tasks subtab)
Reports > View Dashboards
Tasks - Find Tasks, All Tasks, Run
Tasks subtabs
User Report
Administrator
Create, edit, delete, and run user reports.
Reports - Run user reports.
View User
View individual user details.
Accounts - Select users from the list to
view individual user account information.
No change actions allowed.
Violation Summary
Report Administrator
Create. modify, delete, and execute the
Violation Summary report.
Reports - Violation Summary reports only
Reports > View Dashboards
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Understanding and Managing Admin Roles
Table 5-1
Identity Manager Capabilities Descriptions (Continued)
Capability
Allows the Administrator/User to:
Can Access These Tabs and Subtabs:
Waveset
Administrator
Perform system-wide tasks, such as
modification of system configuration objects.
Server Tasks - All subtabs. Synchronize
roles, edit source adapter template, and
schedule reports
Reports - All subtabs
Resources - List Resources (list only; no
change actions allowed)
Configure - Audit, Email Templates,
Form and Process Mappings, and
Servers subtabs
Understanding and Managing Admin Roles
Admin Roles enable the assignment of a unique set of capabilities and scope of
control, or managed organizations, to one or more administrators. A single
administrator can be assigned more than one admin role. This enables an
administrator to have one set of capabilities in one scope of control and a different
set of capabilities in another scope of control.
For example, one admin role might grant the administrator the right to create and
edit users that are members of the controlled organizations specified in the admin
role. Another admin role assigned to the same administrator might grant only the
right to change users’ passwords in the controlled organizations specified by that
admin role.
It is recommended that admin roles be used to grant administrator privileges
instead of directly assigning capabilities and controlled organizations to users.
Admin roles enable reuse of capabilities and scope or control pairings as well as
simplify the management of administrator privileges across a large number of
users.
The assignment of capabilities or organizations (or both) to an admin role can be
either direct of indirect (dynamic):
•
186
Direct — Using this method, capabilities and/or controlled organizations are
explicitly assigned to the admin role. For example, an admin role might have
the User Report Administrator capability and Top as the controlled
organization assigned.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Understanding and Managing Admin Roles
•
Dynamic (indirect) — This method uses the assignment of capabilities and
controlled organizations rules.The rules are evaluated each time an
administrator assigned the admin role logs in to dynamically determine the
explicit set of capabilities and/or controlled organizations based on the
authenticating administrator.
For example, when a user logs in:
вќЌ
вќЌ
If his Active Directory (AD) user title is manager, then the capabilities rule
might return Account Administrator as the capability to be assigned.
If his Active Directory (AD) user department is marketing, then the
controlled organizations rule might return Marketing as the controlled
organization to be assigned.
Assigning admin roles to administrators can be either direct or indirect (dynamic):
•
Direct — Explicitly assign the admin role to an administrator (user account).
•
Indirect (dynamic) — Use an admin role rule to assign the admin role. Identity
Manager evaluates the rule each time an administrator logs in to determine if
the admin role is to be assigned to the authenticating administrator.
For example, a rule might return true when a user logs in and his Active
Directory (AD) user city is Austin and state is Texas. Therefore, the admin role
is assigned.
NOTE
The dynamic assignment of admin roles to users can be enabled or
disabled for each login interface (for example, the User interface or
Administrator interface) by setting the system configuration
attribute to
security.authz.checkDynamicallyAssignedAdminRolesAtLoginTo.
logininterface to true or false. The default for all interfaces is false.
Admin Role Rules
Identity Manager provides sample rules that you can use to create the rules for
Admin Roles. These rules are available in the Identity Manager installation
directory in sample/adminRoleRules.xml. Table 5-2 provides the rule names and
the authType you must specify for the rule.
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Understanding and Managing Admin Roles
Table 5-2
Admin Role Sample Rules
Rule Name
authType
Controlled Organizations Rule
ControlledOrganizationsRule
Capabilities Rule
CapabilitiesRule
User Is Assigned Admin Role Rule
UserIsAssignedAdminRoleRule
NOTE
For information about the sample rules provided for service
provider users admin roles, see “Delegated Administration” on
page 461 in the Service Provider Administration chapter.
The User Admin Role
Identity Manager includes a built-in admin role, named User Admin Role. By
default, it has no assigned capabilities or controlled organization assignments. It
cannot be deleted. This admin role is implicitly assigned to all users (end-users and
administrators) at login time, regardless of the interface they log in to (for example,
user, administrator, console or IDE).
NOTE
For information about creating an admin role for service provider
users, see “Delegated Administration” on page 461 in the Service
Provider Administration chapter.
You can edit the User Admin Role through the Administrator interface (select
Security, and then select Admin Roles).
Because any capabilities or controlled organizations that are statically assigned
through this admin role are assigned to all users, it is recommended that the
assignment of capabilities and controlled organizations be done through rules. This
will enable different users to have different (or no) capabilities, and assignments
will be scoped depending on factors such as who they are, which department they
are in, or whether they are managers, which can be queried for within the context
of the rules.
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The User Admin Role does not deprecate or replace the use of the
authorized=true flag used in workflows. This flag is still appropriate in cases
where the user should not have access to objects accessed by the workflow, except
when the workflow is executing. Essentially, this lets the user enter a run as
superuser mode.
However, in cases where a user should have specific access to one or more objects
outside of and potentially inside of workflows, then dynamic assignment of
capabilities and controlled organizations via the User Admin Role enables
dynamic, fine-grain authorization to those objects.
Creating and Editing Admin Roles
To create or edit an admin role, you must be assigned the Admin Role
Administrator capability.
To access admin roles in the Administrator interface, click Security, and then click
the Admin Roles tab. The Admin Roles list page allows you to create, edit, and
delete admin roles for Identity Manager users and for service provider users.
To edit an existing admin role, click a name in the list. Click New to create an
admin role. Identity Manager displays the Create Admin Role options (illustrated
in Figure 5-5). The Create Admin Role view presents four tabs that you use to
specify the general attributes, capabilities, and scope of the new admin role, as well
as assignments of the role to users.
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Understanding and Managing Admin Roles
Figure 5-5
Admin Role Create Page: General Tab
:
General Tab
Use the General tab of the create admin role or edit admin role view to specify the
following basic characteristics of the admin role:
•
Name — A unique name for this admin role.
For example, you might create the Finance Admin Role for users who will have
administrative capabilities for users in the Finance department (or
organization).
•
190
Type — Select either Identity Objects or Service Provider Users for the type.
This field is required.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Understanding and Managing Admin Roles
Select Identity Objects if you are creating an admin role for Identity Manager
users (or objects). Select Service Provider Users if you are creating the admin
role to grant access to service provider users.
NOTE
•
For information about creating an admin role to grant access to
service provider users, see “Delegated Administration” on page 461
in the Service Provider Administration chapter.
Assigners — Select or search for users that will be allowed to assign this admin
role to other users. The set of users from which you can make selections
includes those who have been assigned the Assign Capability right.
If no users are selected, the only user who will be able to assign the admin role
is the one that created it. If the user who created the admin role does not have
the Assign User Capabilities capability assigned, then select one or more users
as Assigners to ensure that at least one user can assign the admin role to
another user.
•
Organizations — Select one or more organizations to which this admin role
will be available. This field is required.
The administrator can manage objects in the assigned organization and in any
organizations below that organization in the hierarchy.
Scope of Control
Use this tab (shown in Figure 5-6) to specify organizations that members of this
organization can manage, or to specify the rule that determines the organizations
to be managed by users of the admin role, and to select the user form for the admin
role.
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Understanding and Managing Admin Roles
Figure 5-6
Create Admin Role: Scope of Control
•
Controlled Organizations — Select from the Available Organizations list the
organizations that this admin role has the rights to manage.
•
Controlled Organizations Rule — Select a rule that will be evaluated, at user
login, to zero or more organizations to be controlled by a user assigned this
admin role. The selected rule must have the ControlledOrganizationsRule
authType. By default, no controlled organization rule is selected.
•
Controlled Organizations User Form — Select a user form that a user who is
assigned this admin role will use when he creates or edits users who are
members of this admin role’s controlled organizations. By default, no
Controlled Organizations User Form is selected.
A user form assigned through an admin role overrides any user form that is
inherited from the organization of which the administrator is a member. It
does not override a user form that is directly assigned to the admin.
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Assigning Capabilities
Capabilities assigned to the admin role determine what administrative rights users
assigned the admin role have. For example, this admin role might be restricted to
creating users only for the controlled organizations of the admin role. In that case,
you assign the Create User capability.
On the Capabilities tab, select the following options:
•
Capabilities — These are specific capabilities (administrative rights) that the
users of the admin role will have for their controlled organizations. Select one
or more capabilities from the list of available capabilities and move them to the
Assigned Capabilities list.
•
Capabilities Rule — Select a rule that when evaluated at user login, will
determine the list of zero or more capabilities granted to users assigned the
admin role. The selected rule must have the CapabilitiesRule authType.
Assigning User Forms to an Admin Role
You can specify a user form to for the members of an admin role. Use the Assign To
Users tab on the create admin role or edit admin role view to specify the
assignments.
The administrator assigned the admin role will use this user form when he creates
or edits users in the organizations controlled by that admin role. A user form
assigned through an admin role overrides any user form that is inherited from the
organization of which the admin is a member. It does not override a user form that
is directly assigned to the admin.
The user form that will be used when editing a user is determined in this order of
precedence:
•
If a user form is assigned directly to the admin, then it is used.
•
If no user form is assigned directly to the admin, but the admin is assigned an
admin role that:
вќЌ
вќЌ
controls the organization of which the user being created or edited is a
member, and
specifies a user form
then that user form is used.
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Managing Work Items
•
If no user form is assigned directly to the admin, or assigned indirectly through
an admin role, then the user form assigned to the admin’s member
organizations (starting with the admin’s member organization and going up to
just below Top) is used.
•
If none of the admin’s member organizations are assigned a user form, then the
default user form is used.
If an admin is assigned more than one admin role that controls the same
organization but specifies different user forms, then an error is displayed when he
attempts to create or edit a user in that organization. If an admin attempts to assign
two or more admin roles that control the same organization but specify different
user forms, then an error is displayed. Changes cannot be saved until the conflict is
resolved.
Managing Work Items
Some workflow processes generated by tasks in Identity Manager create action
items or work items. These work items might be a request for approval or some
other action request assigned to an Identity Manager account.
Identity Manager groups all work items in the Work Items area of the interface,
enabling you to view and respond to all pending requests from one location.
Work Item Types
A work item might be one of the following types:
•
Approvals — Requests for approvals of new accounts or changes to accounts.
•
Attestations — Requests to review and approve user entitlements.
•
Remediations — Requests to remediate or mitigate user account policy
violations.
•
Other — Action item request for other than one of the standard types. This
might be an action request generated from a customized workflow.
To view pending work items for each work item type, click the Work Items tab in
the menu bar. You can access your work items to manage requests from this tab or
you can select one of the work item types to list requests for that type.
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Managing Work Items
NOTE
If you are a work item owner with pending work items (or
delegated work items), then your Work Items list is displayed when
you log into the Identity Manager User interface.
Working With Work Item Requests
To respond to a work item request, click one of the work item types in the Work
Items area of the interface. Select items from the list of requests and then click one
of the buttons available to indicate the action you want to take. The work item
options vary depending on the work item type.
For more information about responding to requests, see the following topics:
•
“Account Approvals” on page 198
•
“Managing Attestation Duties” on page 407
•
“Compliance Violation Remediation and Mitigation” on page 382
Viewing Work Item History
Use the History tab in the Work Items area to view the results of previous work
item actions. Figure 5-7 displays a sample view of Work Item history.
Figure 5-7
Work Items History View
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Managing Work Items
Delegating Work Items
Work item owners can manage work loads by delegating work items to other users
for a specified period of time. You can use the Work Items > Delegate My Work
Items page to delegate future work items (such as requests for approval) to one or
more users (delegates). Users do not need approver capabilities to be delegates.
NOTE
The delegation feature applies only to future work items. Existing
items (those listed under My Work Items must be selectively
forwarded through the forwarding feature.
You also can delegate work items from the Delegations form tab of the Create and
Edit User pages, and from the User Interface main menu.
Delegates can approve work items on your behalf during the effective delegation
period. Delegated work items include the name of the delegate.
Any user can configure delegation for their future work items. Administrators who
can edit a user can also configure delegation on the user’s behalf.
Audit Log Entries
Audit log entries for approved and rejected work items include your (the
delegator) name if the request was delegated. Changes to a user's delegate
approver information will be logged in the detailed changes section of the audit log
entry when a user is created or modified.
Viewing Current Delegations
From the Work Items tab, select Delegate My Work Items. Identity Manager
displays the Current Delegations page, where you can view and edit delegations
currently in effect.
Viewing Previous Delegations
From the Work Items tab, select Delegate My Work Items, and then select Previous.
Identity Manager displays previously delegated work items that can be used to set
up new delegations.
Creating Delegations
To create a delegation, select Delegate My Work Items, and then select New. Make
these selections:
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Managing Work Items
•
Select Work Item Type to Delegate — Select a work item type from the
selection list.
Default work item types are:
вќЌ
Approvals
вќЌ
Organization Approvals
вќЌ
Resource Approvals
вќЌ
Role Approvals
вќЌ
Attestation
вќЌ
Review
вќЌ
Access Review Remediation
NOTE
If you are not an approver on at least one role, then you cannot
delegate work items of type Role Approval. Similarly, you cannot
delegate Resource Approval work items if not an approver on at
least one resource, nor delegate Organization Approval work items
if not an approver on at least one organization.
If you select Organization Approval, Resource Approval, or Role Approval,
then the page re-displays with selection areas for the associated object type.
The roles, resources, and organizations that are listed in the selection lists
include only those for which you are an approver.
This allows you to delegate, for example, resource approvals for only one of
the resources for which you are an approver.
•
Delegate Work Items To — Select one of:
вќЌ
Selected Users — Select to search for users in your scope of control (by
name) to be delegates. If any one of the selected delegates has also
delegated his work items, then your future work item requests will be
delegated to that delegate's delegates.
Select one or more users in the Users Selected area. Alternatively, click
Add from Search to open the search feature and search for users. Click
Add to add a found user to the list. To remove a delegate from the list,
select it, and then click Remove.
вќЌ
My Manager — Select to delegate work items to your manager (if
assigned)
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вќЌ
DelegateWorkItemRule — Select a rule that returns a list of Identity
Manager user names to which you can delegate the selected work item
type.
•
Start Date — Select the date on which delegation of the work item should start.
By default, the day selected begins at 12:01 a.m.
•
End Date — Select the date on which delegation of the work item should end.
By default, the day selected ends at 11:59 p.m.
NOTE
It is possible to select the same start and end dates, in order to
delegate work items for a single day.
Click OK to save selections and return to the list of work items awaiting approval.
Ending Delegations
To end one or more delegations:
1.
Select Delegations, and then select Current.
2.
Select one or more delegations to end, and then click End.
Identity Manager removes the selected delegation configurations, and returns
any delegated work items of the type selected to your list of pending work
items.
Account Approvals
When a user is added to the Identity Manager system, administrators who are
assigned as approvers for new accounts must validate account creation. Identity
Manager supports three categories of approvals, applied to these Identity Manager
objects:
198
•
Organization — Approval is needed for the user account to be added to the
organization.
•
Role — Approval is needed for the user account to be assigned to a role.
•
Resource — Approval is needed for the user account to be given access to a
resource.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Account Approvals
NOTE
You can configure Identity Manager for digitally signed approvals.
For instructions see “Configuring Digitally Signed Approvals and
Actions” on page 201.
Setting Up Approvers
Setting up approvers for each of these categories is optional, but recommended.
For each category in which approvers are set up, at least one approval is required
for account creation. If one approver rejects a request for approval, the account is
not created.
You can assign more than one approver to each category. Because only one
approval within a category is needed, you can set up multiple approvers to help
ensure workflow is not delayed or halted. If one approver is unavailable, others are
available to handle requests. Approval applies only to account creation. By default,
account updates and deletions do not require approval; however, you can
customize this process to require it.
Identity Manager illustrates the approval process and the status of an account
creation request as a workflow diagram. You can customize the workflow by using
the Identity Manager IDE to change the flow of approvals, capture account
deletions, and capture updates.
For more information about the IDE, workflows, and an illustrated example of
altering the approval workflow, see Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.
Figure 5-8 illustrates the Account Creation Workflow and where approvals fit into
the workflow process.
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Figure 5-8
Account Creation Workflow
Identity Manager Approvers can either approve or reject an approval request. To
approve an account using a digital signature, you must first set up the digital
signature as described in “Configuring Digitally Signed Approvals and Actions”
on page 201.
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Account Approvals
You can view pending approvals and manage your approvals from the Work Items
area of the Identity Manager interface. From the Work Items page, click My Work
Items to view pending approvals. Click the Approvals tab to manage approvals.
Signing Approvals
Follow these steps to sign an approval.
1.
From the Identity Manager Administrator interface, select Work Items.
2.
Click the Approvals tab.
3.
Select one or more approvals from the list.
4.
Enter comments for the approval, and then click Approve.
Identity Manager prompts you and asks whether to trust the applet.
5.
Click Always.
Identity Manager displays a dated summary of the approval.
6.
Enter or click Browse to locate the keystore location (this location is set during
the signed-approval configuration, as described in Step 10m in the procedure
“Client-Side Configuration for Signed Approvals” on page 204.).
7.
Enter the keystore password (this password is set during the signed-approval
configuration, as described in Step 10l of the procedure “Client-Side
Configuration for Signed Approvals” on page 204).
8.
Click Sign to approve the request.
Signing Subsequent Approvals
After signing an approval, subsequent approval actions require only that you enter
the keystore password and then click Sign. (Identity Manager should remember
the keystore location from the previous approval.)
Configuring Digitally Signed Approvals and
Actions
Use the following information and procedures to set up digital signing. You can
digitally sign:
•
User approvals
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•
Access review actions
•
Remediations for compliance violations
The topics discussed in this section explain the server-side and client-side
configuration required to add the certificate and CRL to Identity Manager for
signed approvals.
Server-Side Configuration for Signed Approvals
To enable server-side configuration, follow these steps:
1.
In the system configuration, set
security.nonrepudiation.signedApprovals=true
2.
Add your certificate authority (CA)’s certificates as trusted certificates. To do
this, you must first obtain a copy of the certificates.
For example, if you are using a Microsoft CA, follow steps similar to these:
3.
a.
Go to http://IPAddress/certsrv and log in with administrative privileges.
b.
Select Retrieve the CA certificate or certificate revocation list, and then
click Next.
c.
Download and save the CA certificate.
Add the certificate to Identity Manager as a trusted certificate:
a.
202
From the Administrator interface, select Configure, and then select
Certificates. Identity Manager displays the Certificates page.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Account Approvals
Figure 5-9
Certificates
b.
In the Trusted CA Certificates area, click Add. Identity Manager displays
the Import Certificate page.
c.
Browse to and then select the trusted certificate, and then click Import.
The certificate now displays in the list of trusted certificates.
4.
Add your CA's certificate revocation list (CRL):
a.
In the CRLs area of the Certificates page, click Add.
b.
Enter the URL for the CA's CRL.
NOTE
•
The certificate revocation list (CRL) is a list of certificate serial
numbers that have been revoked or are not valid.
•
The URL for the CA’s CRL may be http or LDAP.
•
Each CA has a different URL where CRLs are distributed; you
can determine this by browsing the CA certificate’s CRL
Distribution Points extension.
5.
Click Test Connection to verify the URL.
6.
Click Save.
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7.
Sign applets/ts1.jar using jarsigner.
Refer to
http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.4.2/docs/tooldocs/windows/jarsigner.h
tml for more information. The ts1.jar file provided with Identity
Manager is signed using a self-signed certificate, and should not be
used for production systems. In production, this file should be
re-signed using a code-signing certificate issued by your trusted CA.
NOTE
Client-Side Configuration for Signed Approvals
To enable the client-side configuration, follow these steps:
Prerequisites
Your client system must be running a Web browser with JRE 1.4 or higher.
Procedure
Obtain a certificate and private key, and then export them to a PKCS#12 keystore.
For example, if using a Microsoft CA, you would follow steps similar to these:
1.
Using Internet Explorer, browse to http://IPAddress/certsrv, and then log in
with administrative privileges.
2.
Select Request a certificate, and then click Next.
3.
Select Advanced request, and then click Next.
4.
Click Next.
5.
Select User for Certificate Template.
6.
Select these options:
a.
Mark keys as exportable
b.
Enable strong key protection
c.
Use local machine store
7.
Click Submit, and then click OK.
8.
Click Install this certificate.
9.
Select Run —> mmc to launch mmc.
10. Add the Certificate snap-in:
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a.
Select Console—>Add/Remove Snap-in.
b.
Click Add...
c.
Select Computer account.
d.
Click Next, and then click Finish.
e.
Click Close.
f.
Click OK.
g.
Go to Certificates—>Personal—>Certificates.
h.
Right-click Administrator All Tasks—>Export.
i.
Click Next.
j.
Click Next to confirm exporting the private key.
k.
Click Next.
l.
Provide a password, and then click Next.
m. File CertificateLocation.
n.
NOTE
Click Next, and then click Finish. Click OK to confirm.
Note the information that you use in step 10l (password) and 10m
(certificate location) of the client-side configuration. You will need
this information to sign approvals.
Viewing the Transaction Signature
Follow these steps to view the transaction signature in an Identity Manager
AuditLog report.
1.
From the Identity Manager Administrator interface, select Reports.
2.
On the Run Reports page, select AuditLog Report from the New... list of
options.
3.
In the Report Title field, enter a title (for example, “Approvals”).
4.
In the Organizations selection area, select all organizations.
5.
Select the Actions option, and then select Approve.
6.
Click Save to save the report and return to the Run Reports page.
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Account Approvals
206
7.
Click Run to run the Approvals report.
8.
Click the details link to see transaction signature information, including:
вќЌ
issuer
вќЌ
subject
вќЌ
certificate serial number
вќЌ
message signed
вќЌ
signature
вќЌ
signature algorithm
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Chapter 6
Data Synchronization and Loading
This chapter provides information and procedures for using Identity Manager data
synchronization and loading features. You will learn about data synchronization
tools (discovery, reconciliation, and synchronization) and how to use them to keep
data current.
•
Data Synchronization Tools: Which to Use?
•
Discovery
•
Reconciliation
•
Active Sync Adapters
Data Synchronization Tools: Which to Use?
Follow these guidelines when selecting Identity Manager data synchronization
tools to perform a task.
Table 6-1
Tasks to Use with the Data Synchronization Tools
If you want to:
Then choose this feature:
Initially pull resource accounts into Identity
Manager, without viewing before loading
Load from Resource
Initially pull resource accounts into Identity
Manager, optionally viewing and editing data
before loading
Extract to File, Load from File
Periodically pull resource accounts into Identity
Manager, taking action on each account
according to configured policy
Reconcile with Resources
Push or pull resource account changes into
Identity Manager
Synchronization using Active Sync adapters
(multiple resource implementations)
207
Discovery
Discovery
Identity Manager account discovery features help facilitate rapid deployment and
speed account creation tasks. These features are:
•
Extract to File — Extracts the resource accounts returned by a resource adapter
to a file (in CSV or XML format). You can manipulate this file before importing
the data into Identity Manager.
•
Load from File — Reads accounts in a file (in CSV or XML format) and loads
them into Identity Manager.
•
Load from Resource — Combines the other two discovery features, extracting
accounts from a resource and loading them directly into Identity Manager.
Using these tools, you can create new Identity Manager users or correlate accounts
on a resource with existing Identity Manager user accounts.
Extract to File
Use this feature to extract resource accounts from a resource to an XML or CSV text
file. Doing this allows you to view and make changes to extracted data before
importing it into Identity Manager.
To extract accounts:
1.
From the menu bar, select Accounts, and then select Extract to File.
2.
Select a resource from which to extract accounts.
3.
Select a file format for the output account information. You can extract data to
an XML file, or to a text file with account attributes arranged in
comma-separated value (CSV) format.
4.
Click Download. Identity Manager displays a File Download dialog, in which
you may choose to save or view the extracted file.
If you choose to open the file, you might have to select a program to view it.
Load from File
Use this feature to load resource accounts — either those extracted from a resource
through Identity Manager, or from another file source — into Identity Manager. A
file created by the Identity Manager Extract to File feature is in XML format. If you
are loading a list of new users, the data file typically is in CSV format.
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Discovery
About CSV File Format
Often, accounts to be loaded are listed in a spreadsheet and saved in
comma-separated-value (CSV) format for loading into Identity Manager. CSV file
contents must follow these format guidelines:
•
Line 1 — Lists column headings or schema attributes for each field, separated
by commas.
•
Lines 2 to end — Lists values for each attribute defined in line 1, separated by
commas. If data does not exist for a field value, that field must be represented
by adjacent commas.
For example, the first three lines of a file might look like the file entries in the
following figure:
firstname,middleinitial,lastname,accountId,asciipassword,EmployeeID,Depart
ment,Phone
John,Q,Example,E1234,E1234,1234,Operations,555-222-1111
Jane,B,Doe,E1111,E1111,1111,,555-222-4444
Figure 6-1
Example of Properly Formatted CSV File for Loading Data
In this example, the second user (Jane Doe) does not have a department. The
missing value is represented by adjacent commas (,,).
NOTE
To enable the ability to apply identity attributes during a load
operation, add Load from File to the list of enabled applications
for the Identity Attributes, using the Meta View.
When enabled, the load operation does not display the
following options:
•
User Form
•
Update Attributes
•
Merge Attributes
If you select the Update Accounts option, then all identity
attributes are processed fully and accounts are reprovisioned.
Otherwise, only attributes that are sourced from the file being
loaded and that flow to the Identity user are processed.
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Discovery
To load accounts:
1.
From the menu bar, select Accounts, and then select Load from File.
Identity Manager displays the Load from File page, which lets you specify load
options before continuing:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
User Form — When load creates an Identity Manager user, the user form
assigns an organization as well as roles, resources, and other attributes.
Select the user form to apply to each resource account.
Account Correlation Rule — An account correlation rule selects Identity
Manager users that might own each unowned resource account. Given the
attributes of an unowned resource account, a correlation rule returns a list
of names or a list of attribute conditions that will be used to select potential
owners. Select a rule to look for Identity Manager users that may own each
unowned resource account.
Account Confirmation Rule — An account confirmation rule eliminates
any non-owner from the list of potential owners that the correlation rule
selects. Given the full View of an Identity Manager user and the attributes
of an unowned resource account, a confirmation rule returns true if the
user owns the account, and false otherwise. Select a rule to test each
potential owner of a resource account. If you select No Confirmation Rule,
Identity Manager accepts all potential owners without confirmation.
NOTE
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
210
In your environment, if the correlation rule will select at
most one owner for each account, then you do not need a
confirmation rule.
Load Only Matching — Select to load into Identity Manager only those
accounts that match an existing Identity Manager user. If you select this
option, load will discard any unmatched resource account.
Update Attributes — Select to replace the current Identity Manager user
attribute values with the attribute values from the account being loaded.
Merge Attributes — Enter one or more attribute names, separated by
commas, for which values should be combined (eliminating duplicates)
rather than overwritten. Use this option only for list-type attributes, such
as groups and mailing lists. You must also select the Update Attributes
option.
Result Level — Select a threshold at which the load process will record an
individual result for an account:
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Discovery
2.
•
Errors only — Record an individual result only when loading an
account produces an error message.
•
Warnings and errors — Record an individual result when loading an
account produces a warning or an error message.
•
Informational and above — Record an individual result for every
account. This causes the load process to run more slowly.
In the File to Upload field, specify a file to load, and then click Load Accounts.
NOTE
•
If the input file does not contain a user column, you must select
a confirmation rule for the load to proceed correctly.
•
The task instance name associated with the load process is based
on the input file name; therefore, if you re-use a file name, then
the task instance associated with the latest load process will
overwrite any previous task instances.
Figure 6-2 illustrates the fields and options available in the Load from File
screen.
Figure 6-2
Load from File
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Discovery
If an account matches (or correlates with) an existing user, the load process will
merge the account into the user. The process will also create a new Identity
Manager user from any input account that does not correlate (unless Correlation
Required is specified).
The bulkAction.maxParseErrors configuration variable sets a limit on the number
of errors that can be found when a file is loaded. By default, the limit is 10 errors. If
the maxParseErrors number of errors is found, then parsing stops.
Load from Resource
Use this feature to directly extract and import accounts into Identity Manager
according to the load options you specify.
To import accounts, select Accounts from the menu bar, and then select Load from
Resource.
Identity Manager lets you specify load options before continuing. Load options
available from the Load from Resource page, and the actions that result, are the
same as those on the Load from File page.
NOTE
To enable the ability to apply identity attributes during a load
operation, add Load from Resource to the list of enabled
applications for the Identity Attributes.
When enabled, the load operation does not display the
following options:
•
User Form
•
Update Attributes
•
Merge Attributes
If you select the Update Accounts option, then all identity
attributes are processed fully and accounts are reprovisioned.
Otherwise, only attributes being loaded that are sourced from
the resource and that flow to the Identity user are processed.
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Reconciliation
Reconciliation
Use the reconciliation feature to highlight inconsistencies between the resource
accounts on Identity Manager and the accounts that actually exist on a resource,
and to periodically correlate account data.
Because reconciliation is designed for ongoing comparison, it has the following
characteristics:
•
Diagnoses account situations more specifically and supports a wider range of
responses than the discovery process
•
Can be scheduled (discovery cannot)
•
Offers an incremental mode (discovery is always full mode)
•
Can detect native changes (discovery cannot)
You can also configure reconciliation to launch an arbitrary workflow at each of the
following points in processing a resource:
•
Before reconciling any account
•
For each account
•
After reconciling all accounts
Access Identity Manager reconciliation features from the Resources area. The
Resources list shows when each resource was last reconciled and its current
reconciliation status.
About Reconciliation Policies
Reconciliation policies allow you to establish a set of responses, by resource, for
each reconciliation task. Within a policy, you select the server to run reconciliation,
determine how often and when reconciliation takes place, and set responses to
each situation encountered during reconciliation. You can also configure
reconciliation to detect changes made natively (not made through Identity
Manager) to account attributes.
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Reconciliation
Editing Reconciliation Policies
To edit a reconciliation policy:
1.
Select Resources from the menu bar.
2.
Select a resource in the Resources list hierarchy.
3.
Select Edit Reconciliation Policy from the Resource Actions options list.
Identity Manager displays the Edit Reconciliation Policy page, where you can
make these policy selections:
•
Reconciliation Server — In a clustered environment, each server may run
reconciliation. Specify which Identity Manager server will run reconciliation
against resources in the policy.
•
Reconciliation Modes — Reconciliation can be performed in different modes,
which optimize different qualities:
вќЌ
вќЌ
Full reconciliation — Optimizes for thoroughness at a cost of speed.
Incremental reconciliation — Optimizes for speed at the expense of some
thoroughness.
Select the mode in which Identity Manager should run reconciliation against
resources in the policy. Select Do not reconcile to disable reconciliation for
targeted resources.
•
Full Reconciliation Schedule — If full mode reconciliation is enabled, it is
performed automatically on a fixed schedule. Specify how frequently full
reconciliation should be run against resources in the policy. Select the Inherit
option to inherit the indicated schedule from a higher-level policy. Deselect the
Inherit option to specify the schedule or specify a Task Schedule Repetition
rule.
•
Incremental Reconciliation Schedule — If incremental mode reconciliation is
enabled, it is performed automatically on a fixed schedule. The schedule is
inherited from a higher-level policy, when the inherit default policy option is
selected. To specify how frequently to run incremental reconciliation against
resources in the policy, or to select a Task Schedule Repetition rule, deselect the
inherit option.
NOTE
214
Not all resources support incremental reconciliation.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Reconciliation
•
Attribute-level Reconciliation — Reconciliation can be configured to detect
changes made natively (that is, not made through Identity Manager) to account
attributes. Specify whether reconciliation should detect native changes to the
attributes specified in Reconciled Account Attributes.
•
Account Correlation Rule — An account correlation rule selects Identity
Manager users that might own each unowned resource account. Given the
attributes of an unowned resource account, a correlation rule returns a list of
names or a list of attribute conditions that will be used to select potential
owners. Select a rule to look for Identity Manager users that may own each
unowned resource account.
•
Account Confirmation Rule — An account confirmation rule eliminates any
non-owner from the list of potential owners that the correlation rule selects.
Given the full View of an Identity Manager user and the attributes of an
unowned resource account, a confirmation rule returns true if the user owns
the account and false otherwise. Select a rule to test each potential owner of a
resource account. If you select No Confirmation Rule, Identity Manager
accepts all potential owners without confirmation.
NOTE
•
In your environment, if the correlation rule will select at most
one owner for each account, then you do not need a
confirmation rule.
Proxy Administrator — Specify the administrator to use when reconciliation
responses are performed. The reconciliation can perform only those actions
that the designated proxy administrator is permitted to do. The response will
use the user form (if needed) associated with this administrator.
You can also select the No Proxy Administrator option. When selected,
reconciliation results are available to view, but no response actions or
workflows are run.
•
Situation Options (and Response)— Reconciliation recognizes several types of
situations. Specify in the Response column any action reconciliation should
take:
вќЌ
CONFIRMED — The expected account exists.
вќЌ
DELETED — The expected account does not exist.
вќЌ
вќЌ
FOUND — The reconciliation process found a matching account on an
assigned resource.
MISSING — No matching account exists on a resource assigned to the
user.
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Reconciliation
вќЌ
вќЌ
COLLISION — Two or more Identity Manager users are assigned the
same account on a resource.
UNASSIGNED — The reconciliation process found a matching account
on a resource not assigned to the user.
вќЌ
UNMATCHED — The account does not match any users.
вќЌ
DISPUTED — The account matches more than one user.
Select from one of these response options (available options vary by situation):
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
Create new Identity Manager user based on resource account — Runs the
user form on the resource account attributes to create a new user. The
resource account is not updated as a result of any changes.
Create resource account for Identity Manager user — Recreates the
missing resource account, using the user form to regenerate the resource
account attributes.
Delete resource account and Disable resource account —
Deletes/disables the account on the resource.
Link resource account to Identity Manager user and Unlink resource
account from Identity Manager user — Adds or removes the resource
account assignment to or from the user. No form processing is performed.
•
Pre-reconciliation Workflow — Reconciliation can be configured to run a
user-specified workflow prior to reconciling a resource. Specify the workflow
that reconciliation should run. Select Do not run workflow if no workflow
should be run.
•
Per-account Workflow — Reconciliation can be configured to run a
user-specified workflow after responding to the situation of a resource
account. Specify the workflow that reconciliation should run. Select Do not run
workflow if no workflow should be run.
•
Post-reconciliation Workflow — Reconciliation can be configured to run a
user-specified workflow after completing reconciliation for a resource. Specify
the workflow that reconciliation should run. Select Do not run workflow if no
workflow should be run.
Click Save to save policy changes.
Starting Reconciliation
Two options are available for starting reconciliation tasks:
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Reconciliation
•
Reconciliation schedule — You can set a reconciliation schedule on the Edit
Reconciliation Policy page, which runs reconciliation at regular intervals.
•
Immediate reconciliation — Runs reconciliation immediately. To do this,
select a resource in the resources list, and then select one of the following
options in the Resource Actions list:
вќЌ
Full Reconcile Now
вќЌ
Incremental Reconcile Now
Reconciliation will run according to the parameters you have set in the policy. If
the policy has a regular schedule set for reconciliation, it will continue to run as
specified.
Canceling Reconciliation
To cancel reconciliation, select the resource, and then select Cancel Reconciliation
from the Resource Actions list.
Viewing Reconciliation Status
The Status column in the Resources list reports several reconciliation status
conditions. These are:
•
unknown — Status is not known. Results for the latest reconciliation task are
not available.
•
disabled — Reconciliation is disabled.
•
failed — The latest reconciliation failed to complete.
•
success — The latest reconciliation completed successfully.
•
completed with errors — The latest reconciliation completed, but with errors.
NOTE
You must refresh this page to view changes to status (the
information does not automatically refresh).
Detailed status information for each account on a resource is available. Select a
resource in the list, and then select View Reconciliation Status from the Resource
Actions list.
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Reconciliation
Working with the Account Index
The Account Index records the last known state of each resource account known to
Identity Manager. It is primarily maintained by reconciliation, but other Identity
Manager functions will also update the Account Index, as needed.
Discovery tools do not update the Account Index.
Searching the Account Index
To search the account index, select Search Account Index from the Resource
Actions list.
Select a search type, and then enter or select search attributes. Click Search to find
accounts that match all search criteria.
•
Resource account name — Select this option, select one of the modifiers (starts
with, contains, or is), and then enter part or all of an account name.
•
Resource is one of — Select this option, and then select one or more resources
from the list to find reconciled accounts that reside on the specified resources.
•
Owner — Select this option, select one of the modifiers (starts with, contains,
or is), and then enter part or all of an owner name. To search for unowned
accounts, search for accounts in the UNMATCHED or DISPUTED situation.
•
Situation is one of — Select this option, and then select one or more situations
from the list to find reconciled accounts in the specified situations.
Click Search to search for accounts according to your search parameters. To limit
the results of the search, optionally specify a number in the Limit results to first
field. The default limit is the first 1000 accounts found.
Click Reset Query to clear the page and make new selections.
Examining the Account Index
It is also possible to view all Identity Manager user accounts and optionally
reconcile them on a per-user basis. To do this, select Resources, and then select
Examine Account Index.
The table displays all of the resource accounts that Identity Manager knows about
(whether or not an Identity Manager user owns the account). This information is
grouped by resource or by Identity Manager organization. To change this view,
make a selection from the Change index view list.
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Working with Accounts
To work with the accounts on a resource, select the Group by resource index view.
Identity Manager displays folders for each type of resource. Navigate to a specific
resource by expanding a folder. Click + or - next to the resource to display all
resource accounts that Identity Manager knows about.
Accounts that have been added directly to the resource since the last reconciliation
on that resource are not displayed.
Depending on the current situation of a given account, you may be able to perform
several actions. You can also view account details or choose to reconcile that one
account.
Working with Users
To work with Identity Manager users, select the Group by user index view. In this
view, Identity Manager users and organizations are displayed in a hierarchy
similar to the Accounts List page. To see accounts currently assigned to a user in
Identity Manager, navigate to the user and click the indicator next to the user
name. The user’s accounts and the current status of those accounts that Identity
Manager knows about are displayed under the user name.
Depending on the current situation of a given account, you may be able to perform
several actions. You can also view account details or choose to reconcile that one
account.
Active Sync Adapters
The Identity Manager Active Sync feature allows information that is stored in an
authoritative external resource (such as an application or database) to synchronize
with Identity Manager user data. Configuring synchronization for an Identity
Manager resource enables it to listen or poll for changes to the authoritative
resource.
You can configure how resource attribute changes are flowed into Identity
Manager by using the Meta View, or by specifying the Input Form in the resource’s
synchronization policy (for the appropriate target object type).
Using the Meta View to specify how data will be updated, specify the identity
attributes to enable for the Active Sync application. For more information about
configuring identity attributes, see “Configuring Identity Attributes and Events”
on page 131.
Continue to the next section to configure synchronization.
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Active Sync Adapters
Configuring Synchronization
Identity Manager uses a Synchronization Policy to enable synchronization for
resources. To configure synchronization, on the Resources tab select the resource
for which you want to configure synchronization and then select Edit
Synchronization Policy from the Resource Actions list.
Editing the Synchronization Policy
Specify the following options in the Edit Synchronization Policy page to configure
synchronization:
•
Target Object Type — Select the type of users to which the policy applies,
either Identity Manager Users or Service Provider Edition Users.
NOTE
•
In a Service Provider implementation you must configure a
synchronization policy (with Service Provider Edition Users
specified as the object type) to enable synchronization of data
for those users. For more information about service provider
users, see Chapter 13, “Service Provider Administration.”
Scheduling Settings — Use this section to specify the startup method and
polling schedule.
Startup Type can be Manual, Automatic, Automatic with Failover, or Disabled:
вќЌ
Automatic or Automatic with failover — Starts the authoritative source
when the Identity system is started.
вќЌ
Manual — Requires that an administrator start the authoritative source.
вќЌ
Disabled — Disables the resource.
Use the Start Date and Start Time options to specify when polling begins.
Specify the polling cycles by selecting an interval and entering a value for the
interval (seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months).
If you set a polling start date and time that is in the future, polling will begin
when specified. If you set a polling start date and time that is in the past,
Identity Manager determines when to begin polling based on this information
and the polling interval. For example:
вќЌ
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You configure active synchronization for the resource on July 18, 2005
(Tuesday)
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вќЌ
You set the resource to poll weekly, with a start date of July 4, 2005
(Monday) and time of 9:00 a.m.
In this case, the resource will begin polling on July 25, 2005 (the following
Monday).
If you do not specify a start date or time, then the resource will poll
immediately. If you take this approach, each time the application server is
restarted, all resources configured for active synchronization will begin polling
immediately. The typical approach, is to set a start date and time.
•
Synchronization Servers — In a clustered environment, each server can run
synchronization. Select an option to specify which servers will be used to run
synchronization for the resource.
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
Select Use any available server if it does not matter where synchronization
runs. A server will be chosen from the set of possible servers when
synchronization starts.
Select Use the settings in waveset.properties to use servers specified there
to run synchronization. (This feature is deprecated.)
Select Use specified servers, and then select one or more available servers
from the Synchronization Servers list, to select specific servers to run
synchronization.
•
Resource Specific Settings — Use this section to specify how synchronization
will determine the data to be processed for the resource.
•
Common Settings — Specify the following general settings for data
synchronization activities:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
Proxy Administrator — Select the administrator who will process updates.
All actions will be authorized through capabilities assigned to this
administrator. You should select a proxy administrator with an empty user
form.
Input Form — Select an input form that will process data updates. This
optional configuration item allows attributes to be transformed before they
are saved on the accounts.
Rules — You have the option of specifying rules to use during the data
synchronization process:
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Active Sync Adapters
•
Process Rule — Select this rule to specify a process rule to run for each
incoming account. This selection overrides all other options. If you
specify a process rule, the process will be run for every row, regardless
of other settings on the resource. It can be either a process name, or a
rule evaluating to a process name.
•
Correlation Rule — Select a correlation rule to override the correlation
rule specified in the resource's reconciliation policy. Correlation rules
correlate resource accounts to Identity system accounts.
•
Confirmation Rule — Select a confirmation rule to override the
confirmation rule specified in the resource's reconciliation policy.
•
Resolve Process Rule — Select this rule to specify the name of a Task
Definition to run in case of multiple matches to a record in the data
feed. This should be a process that prompts an administrator for
manual action. It can be a process name or a rule evaluating to a
process name.
•
Delete Rule — Select a rule, which returns true or false, that will be
evaluated for each incoming user update to determine if a delete
operation should occur.
•
Create Unmatched Accounts — When this option is enabled (true), the adapter
will attempt to create accounts that it does not find in the Identity Manager
system. If not enabled, the adapter will run the account through the process
returned by the Resolve Process Rule.
•
Logging Settings — Specify a value for the following logging options:
вќЌ
вќЌ
Maximum Log Archives — If greater than zero, retain the latest N log files.
If zero, then a single log file is re-used. If -1, then log files are never
discarded.
Maximum Active Log Age — After this period of time has elapsed, the
active log will be archived. If the time is zero, then no time-based archival
will occur. If Maximum Log Archives is zero, then the active log will
instead be truncated and re-used after this time period. This age criteria is
evaluated independently of the time criteria specified by Maximum Log
File Size.
Enter a number, and then select the unit of time (Days, Hours, Minutes,
Months, Seconds, or Weeks). Days is the default unit.
вќЌ
222
Log File Path — Enter the path to the directory in which to create the
active and archived log files. Log file names begin with the resource name.
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Active Sync Adapters
вќЌ
вќЌ
Maximum Log file Size — Enter the maximum size, in bytes, of the active
log file. The active log file will be archived when it reaches maximum size.
If Maximum Log Archives is zero, then the active log will instead be
truncated and re-used after this time period. This size criteria is evaluated
independently of the age criteria specified by Maximum Active Log Age.
Log Level — Enter the level of logging:
•
0 — no logging
•
1 — error
•
2 — information
•
3 — verbose
•
4 — debug
Click Save to save the policy settings for the resource.
Editing Active Sync Adapters
Before editing an Active Sync adapter, stop synchronization. From the Edit
Synchronization Policy page, select Disabled as Startup Type for Identity Manager
users; for Service Provider users deselect the Enable Synchronization option. A
warning message will appear to indicate that active synchronization is disabled.
Disabling synchronization for a resource will result in stopping the
synchronization task when the changes are saved.
Tuning Active Sync Adapter Performance
Since synchronization is a background task, ActiveSync adapter configuration can
affect server performance. Tuning ActiveSync adapter performance involves these
tasks:
•
Changing Polling Intervals
•
Specifying the Host Where the Adapter Will Run
•
Starting and Stopping
•
Adapter Logging
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Active Sync Adapters
Manage Active Sync adapters through the resources list. Select an Active Sync
adapter, and then access start, stop, and status refresh controls actions from the
Synchronization section of the Resource Actions list.
Changing Polling Intervals
The polling interval determines when the Active Sync adapter will start processing
new information. Polling intervals should be determined based on the type of
activity being performed. For example, if the adapter reads in a large list of users
from a database and updates all users in Identity Manager each time, consider
running this process daily in the early morning hours. Some adapters may have a
quick search for new items to process and could be set to run every minute.
Specifying the Host Where the Adapter Will Run
To specify the host where the adapters will run, edit the waveset.properties file.
Edit the sources.hosts property to either of the following options:
•
Set sources.hosts=hostname1,hostname2,hostname3. This lists the host names of
machines to run Active Sync adapters. The adapter will run on the first
available host listed in this field.
NOTE
The hostname you enter must match an entry in the Identity
Manager list of servers. View the list of servers from the
Configure tab.
or
•
Set sources.hosts=localhost. With this setting the adapter will run on the
first Identity Manager server that attempts to start Active Sync for the resource.
NOTE
In a cluster you should use the first option if you need to specify a
specific server.
This property setting applies only to Identity Manager user
synchronization. Host configuration for Service Provider user
synchronization is determined by the Synchronization Policy.
Active Sync adapters that require more memory and CPU cycles can be configured
to run on dedicated servers to help load balance the systems.
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Starting and Stopping
Active Sync adapters can be disabled, manually started, or automatically started.
You must have the appropriate administrator capability to change Active Sync
resources in order to start or stop Active Sync adapters. For information about
administrator capabilities, see “Capabilities Categories” on page 167.
When an adapter is set to automatic, the adapter restarts when the application
server does. When you start an adapter, it will run immediately and execute at the
specified polling interval. When you stop an adapter, the next time the adapter
checks for the stop flag, it will stop.
Adapter Logging
Adapter logs capture information about the adapter currently processing. The
amount of detail that the log captures depends upon the logging level of the
logging you have set. Adapter logs are useful for debugging problems and
watching the adapter process progress.
Each adapter has its own log file, path, and log level. You specify these values in
the Logging section of the Synchronization Policy for the appropriate user type
(Identity Manager or Service Provider).
Deleting Adapter Logs
Adapter logs should be deleted only when the adapter has been stopped. In most
cases, make a copy of the log for archive purposes before deleting a log.
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Chapter 7
Reporting
Identity Manager reports on automated and manual system activities. A robust set
of reporting features lets you capture and view important access information and
statistics on Identity Manager users at any time.
In this chapter, you will learn about the Identity Manager report types, how to
create, run, and email reports, and how to download report information.
This chapter is organized in the following sections:
•
Working with Reports
•
Report Types
•
Risk Analysis
•
System Monitoring
•
Working with Dashboards
Working with Reports
In Identity Manager, reports are considered a special category of task. As a result,
you work with reports in two areas of the Identity Manager Administrator
interface:
•
Reports — Use this area to define, run, delete, and download reports. You can
also manage scheduled reports.
•
Tasks — After you define reports, go to the Tasks area to schedule and
manipulate report tasks.
227
Working with Reports
Reports
You perform most report-related activities from the Run Reports page, which
allows you to accomplish the following report activities:
•
Create, modify, and delete reports
•
Run reports
•
Download report information for use in another application, such as
StarOffice.
To view this page, select Reports from the menu bar. The Run Reports page
appears, showing a list of available reports.
By default, the following reports are run on the set of organizations controlled by
the logged-in administrator, unless overridden by selecting one or more
organizations against which the report will be run.
•
Admin Role Summary
•
Administrator Summary
•
Role Summary
•
User Questions Summary
•
User Summary
Figure 7-1 shows an example of the Run Reports page.
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Working with Reports
Figure 7-1
Run Reports Selection
Begin defining reports by using one of these methods:
•
Create a report.
•
Select a report to modify and save with a new name (also known as report
cloning).
Creating Reports
To create a report, use the following steps:
1.
Select Reports from the menu bar.
2.
Select the report category: Identity Manager Reports or Auditor Reports, and
then select a report type from the New list of options.
Identity Manager displays the Define a Report page, where you select and save
options to create the report.
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Working with Reports
Cloning Reports
To clone a report, select a report from the list. Enter the new report name and
optionally adjust report parameters, and then click Save to save it with the new
name.
Emailing Reports
When creating or editing a report, you can select an option to email the report
results to one or more email recipients. When you select this option, the page
refreshes and prompts for email recipients. Enter one or more recipients,
separating addresses with a comma.
You also can choose the format of the report to be attached to the email:
•
Attach CSV Format — Attaches report results in comma-separated value
(CSV) format.
•
Attach PDF Format — Attaches report results in Portable Document Format
(PDF).
Running Reports
After entering and selecting report criteria, you can:
•
Run the report without saving — Click Run to run the report. Identity
Manager does not save the report (if you defined a new report) or the changed
report criteria (if you edited an existing report).
•
Save the report — Click Save to save the report. Once saved, you can run the
report from the Run Reports page (the list of reports).
Scheduling Reports
Depending on whether you want to immediately run a report or schedule it to run
at regular intervals, you make different selections:
•
230
Reports > Run Reports — Allows you to run saved reports immediately. From
the list of reports, click Run. Identity Manager runs the report and then
displays the results in summary and detailed formats.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Working with Reports
•
Tasks > Schedule Tasks — Schedules report tasks to be run. After selecting a
report task, you can set report frequency and options. You also can adjust
specific report details (as in the Define a Report page in the Reports area).
Downloading Report Data
From the Run Reports page, click Download in one of these columns:
•
Download CSV Report — Downloads report output in CSV format. Once
saved, you can open and work with the report in another application, such as
StarOffice.
•
Download PDF Report — Downloads report output in Portable Document
Format, which can be viewed with Adobe Reader.
Figure 7-2
Download Reports
Configuring Fonts for Report Output
For reports generated in portable document format (PDF), you can make selections
to determine the fonts to be used in the report.
To configure report font selections, click Reports, and then select Configure. These
selections are available:
•
PDF report options
вќЌ
PDF Font Name — Select the font to use when generating PDF reports. By
default, only fonts available to all PDF viewers are shown. However,
additional fonts (such as those needed to support Asian languages) can be
added to the system by copying font definition files into the product's
fonts/ directory and restarting the server.
Accepted font definition formats include .ttf, .ttc, .otf, and .afm. If you
select one of these fonts, then it must be available at the computer system
where the report is viewed. Alternatively select the Embed Font in PDF
Documents option.
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Report Types
вќЌ
Embed Font in PDF Documents — Select this option to embed the font
definition in the generated PDF report. This ensures that the report is
viewable in any PDF viewer.
NOTE
•
Embedding the font can greatly increase the size of the document.
CSV Report Options — Select the character set to use when generating
reports.
Click Save to save report configuration options.
Report Types
Identity Manager provides several report types:
•
Auditor
•
AuditLog
•
Real Time
•
Summary
•
SystemLog
•
Usage
These reports may be accessed through one or both of the following report
categories:
•
Identity Manager Reports
•
Auditor Reports
Auditor
Auditor reports provide information that help you manage user compliance based
on criteria defined in audit policies. For more information about audit policies and
the auditor reports, see Chapter 11, “Identity Auditing.”
Identity Manager provides the following auditor reports:
•
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Report Types
•
Audit Policy Scan
•
Audit Policy Summary Report
•
Audited Attribute Report
•
AuditPolicy Violation History
•
User Access Report
•
Organization Violation History
•
Resource Violation History
•
Violation Summary Report
•
Separation of Duties Report
To define an auditor report, select the Auditor Reports option on the Run Reports
page, and then select the report from the list of Auditor Reports. For more
information about the auditor reports, see Chapter 11, “Identity Auditing.”
The AuditLog
Audit reports are based on events captured in the system audit log. These reports
provide information about generated accounts, approved requests, failed access
attempts, password changes and resets, self-provisioning activities, policy
violations, and service provider (extranet) users, among others.
NOTE
Before running audit logs, you must specify the types of Identity
Manager events you want to capture. To do this, select Configure
from the menu bar, and then select Audit. Select one or more audit
group names to record successful and failed events for each group.
For more information about setting up audit configuration groups,
see “Configuring Audit Groups and Audit Events” on page 146.
You can run the AuditLog Report by selecting it from the list of report options on
the Run Reports page. The report is available from both the Identity Manager
Reports and Auditor Reports categories.
Once you have set and saved report parameters, run the report from the Run
Reports list page. Click Run to produce a report of all results that match the saved
criteria. Included in the report are the date an event occurred, the action
performed, and the result of the action.
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Report Types
Real Time
Real Time reports poll resources directly to report real-time information. Real time
reports include:
•
Resource Group — Summarizes group attributes, including user
memberships.
•
Resource Status — Tests the connection status of one or more specified
resources by executing the testConnection method against each resource.
•
Resource User — Lists user resource accounts and account attributes.
To define a Real Time report, select one of the report options from the Identity
Manager Reports list on the Run Reports page.
Once you have set and saved report parameters, run the report from the Run
Reports list page. Click Run to produce a report of all results that match the saved
criteria.
Summary Reports
Summary report types include the following reports available from the Identity
Manager Reports list:
234
•
Account Index – Report on selected resource accounts according to
reconciliation situation.
•
Administrator – View Identity Manager administrators, the organizations they
manage, and assigned capabilities. When defining an administrator report, you
can select administrators to include by organization.
•
Admin Role – List users assigned to admin roles.
•
Role – Summarize Identity Manager roles and associated resources. When
defining a role report, you can select the roles to include by associated
organization.
•
Task – Report on pending and finished tasks. You determine the depth of
information to include by selecting from a list of attributes such as approver,
description, expiration date, owner, start date, and state.
•
User – View users, the roles to which they are assigned, and the resources they
can access. When defining a user report, you can select which users to include
by name, assigned manager, role, organization, or resource assignment.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Report Types
•
User Question – Allows administrators to find users who have not answered
the minimum number of authentication questions, as specified by their account
policy requirements. The results indicate user name, account policy, the
interface associated with the policy, and the minimum number of questions
that require answers.
As shown in the following illustration, the administrator report lists Identity
Manager administrators, the organizations they manage, and their assigned
capabilities and admin roles.
Figure 7-3
Administrator Summary Report
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SystemLog
A SystemLog report shows system messages and errors that are recorded in the
repository. When setting up this report, you can specify to include or exclude:
•
System components (such as Provisioner, Scheduler, or Server)
•
Error codes
•
Severity levels (error, fatal, or warning)
You also set the maximum number of records you want to display (by default,
3000), and whether you want to display the oldest or newest records if available
records exceed the specified maximum.
When running a SystemLog Report, specific Syslog entries can be retrieved by
specifying the syslog ID of the target entry. For example, to view specific entries in
the Recent Systems Messages report, edit the report and select the Event field; then
enter the requested syslog ID and click Run.
NOTE
You also can run the lh syslog command to extract records from
the system log. For detailed command options, read “syslog
command” in Appendix A, “lh Reference.”
To define a SystemLog report, select SystemLog Report from the list of report
options on the Run Reports page.
Usage Reports
Create and run usage reports to view graphical or tabular summaries of system
events related to Identity Manager objects such as administrators, users, roles, or
resources. You can display output in pie chart, bar graph, or tabular format.
To define a usage report, select Usage Report from the list of report options on the
Run Reports list page.
Once you have set and saved report parameters, run the report from the Run
Reports list page.
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Risk Analysis
Usage Report Charts
In the following illustration, the table at the top shows events comprising the
report. The chart below shows the same information in graphical format. As you
move the mouse pointer over each portion of the chart, the value of that portion
appears.
Figure 7-4
Usage Report (Generated User Accounts)
You can manipulate portions of a pie chart to highlight them. Right-click and hold
a data slice, and then drag it away from center to visually separate it from the other
data slices. You can do this with one or more portions of the chart. For most
control, click the slice near the center; this allows you to drag it a longer distance
from the remaining slices.
You also can rotate the pie chart to your desired view. Click and hold near the edge
of the chart, and then move the mouse to right or left to rotate the view.
Risk Analysis
Identity Manager risk analysis features let you report on user accounts whose
profiles fall outside certain security constraints. Risk analysis reports scan the
physical resource to gather data and show, by resource, details about disabled
accounts, locked accounts, and accounts with no owners. They also provide details
about expired passwords. Report details vary depending on the resource type.
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System Monitoring
NOTE
Standard reports are available for AIX, HP, Solaris, NetWare NDS,
Windows NT, and Windows Active Directory resources.
Risk analysis pages are controlled by a form and can be configured for your
environment. You can find a list of forms under the RiskReportTask object on the
idm\debug page, and modify these by using the Business Process Editor. See
Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views for more information about
configuring Identity Manager forms.
To create a risk analysis report, click Risk Analysis from the menu bar, and then
select a report from the New list of options.
You can limit the report to scan selected resources; and depending on the resource
type, you can scan for accounts:
•
That are disabled, expired, inactive, or locked
•
That have never been used
•
Do not have a fullname or password
•
Do not require a password
•
With passwords that have expired or have not changed for a specified number
of days
Once defined, you can schedule risk analysis reports to run at specified intervals.
1.
Click Schedule Tasks, and then select a report to run.
2.
On the Create Task Schedule page, enter a name and schedule information,
and then optionally adjust other risk analysis selections.
3.
Click Save to save the schedule.
System Monitoring
You can set up Identity Manager to track events in real-time and monitor the
events by viewing them in dashboard graphs. The dashboards allow you to quickly
assess system resources and spot abnormalities, to understand historical
performance trends (based on time of day, day of week, etc.), and to interactively
isolate problems before looking at audit logs. They do not provide as much detail
as the audit logs, but they do provide you with hints about where to look for
problems in the logs.
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System Monitoring
You can create graphic dashboard displays to track automated and manual
activities at a high level. Identity Manager provides sample resource operations
dashboard graphs. The resource operations dashboard graphs enable you to quickly
monitor system resources to maintain an acceptable level of service.
You can view sample data for these graphs in the Resource Operations Dashboard.
For more information about using dashboards, see “Working with Dashboards” on
page 245.
Statistics are collected and aggregated at various levels to present a real-time view
based on your specifications.
Tracked Event Configuration
From the Tracked Event Configuration area of the Configure Reports page, you can
determine if statistics collection for tracked events is currently enabled, and enable
it. Click Enable event collection to enable the tracked event configuration.
Specify the following options for event collection:
•
Time Zone — This option sets the time zone to use for recording tracked
events. This primarily determines when day boundaries occur.
Alternatively, you can set the time zone to the default time zone set on the
server.
•
Time Scales to collect — This option specifies the time intervals for which the
data is aggregated (in other words, how often it is collected and persisted). For
example, if a one-minute interval is selected, data is collected and persisted
every minute.
The system stores tracked event data for progressively larger time scales to allow a
detailed, current view of the system, as well as an understanding of historical
trends.
The folllowing time scales are available. All are selected by default. Clear the
selections for the intervals you do not want to collect.
•
10 Second Intervals
•
1 Minute Intervals
•
1 Hour Intervals
•
1 Day Intervals
•
1 Week Intervals
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•
1 Month Intervals
After configuring tracked events, use the dashboards to monitor the tracked
events.
Working with Graphs
You can perform the following activities related to graphs:
•
View Defined Graphs
•
Create Graphs
•
Edit Graphs
•
Delete Graphs
View Defined Graphs
Identity Manager provides some sample graphs. Some use sample data and some
do not. You are encouraged to create additional graphs that are applicable to your
deployment.
You should remove the sample graphs and sample dashboards before moving a
deployment into production. Some of the sample graphs that do not use sample
data might appear blank if no applicable data has been collected.
1.
Click Reports from the menu bar.
2.
Click Dashboard Graphs.
3.
Select a category of dashboard graphs from the Select Dashboard Graph Type
list of options.
All graphs in the selected category display in the graphs list.
4.
Click a graph name.
5.
If desired, click Pause refresh to pause the dashboard refresh. Click Resume to
renew the view.
NOTE
240
For dashboards containing many graphs, it is sometimes helpful to
pause the refresh until all of the graphs are initially loaded.
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6.
If desired, click Refresh now to force an immediate refresh.
7.
Click Done to return to the Dashboard Graphs list page.
NOTE
If any of the graphs show an error message, use the debug pages to
set dashboard.debug=true in the System Configuration
configuration object. Once this property is set, return to the graph
that generated the error and use the Please include this text script if
reporting a problem link to retrieve the graph script. This graph
script should be included when reporting the problem.
Create Graphs
Use the following procedure to create a Dashboard graph:
1.
Select Reports from the menu bar.
2.
Select Dashboard Graphs.
3.
Select a category of dashboard graphs from the Select Dashboard Graph Type
list of options.
All graphs in the selected category display in the graphs list.
4.
Click New to display the Create Dashboard Graph page.
5.
Enter a Graph Name. Choose a unique, meaningful name since graphs are
added to dashboards by name.
6.
Select a Registry: IDM or SAMPLE.
The sample data selection is provided for you to familiarize yourself with the
system. As sample data is not available for all tracked events, this selection is
most useful for demos and when experimenting with the various graph
options. Delete sample data prior to going to a production environment.
NOTE
The set of tracked events that use sample data differs from the
events that are actually tracked.
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7.
Select the desired type of Tracked Event from the list.
An event is a system characteristic, such as memory usage, or an aggregation
of events, such as resource operations, whose historical values are tracked and
displayed visually as graphs or charts.
Tracked events for the IDM registry are:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
8.
Provisioner Execution Counts — Tracks how many provisioner
operations occurred (by operation type).
Provisioner Execution Duration — Tracks the duration of each
provisioner operation (by operation type).
Resource Operation Count — Tracks the number of resource operations.
Resource Operation Duration — Tracks the duration of a resource
operation.
Workflow Duration — Tracks how long it takes to execute a workflow.
Workflow Execution Count — Tracks the number of times each workflow
is executed.
Select a Time Scale from the list.
This controls how often data is aggregated (for example, one hour) and how
often it is retained (for example, one month). The system stores tracked event
data for progressively larger time scales to allow both a detailed, current view
of the system as well as an understanding of historical trends.
9.
Select a Metric from the list. A default one is selected, either count or average
depending on the selected tracked event.
Each graph displays a single metric. The available metrics depend on the
selected tracked event. Possible metrics are:
вќЌ
Count - the total number of times the event occurred in the time interval
вќЌ
Average - the arithmetic mean of the event values for the time interval
вќЌ
Maximum - the maximum event value for the time interval
вќЌ
Minimum - the minimum event value for the time interval
вќЌ
Histogram - separate counts for discrete ranges of event values for the time
interval
10. Select Show count as from the list.
The graph count is shown either as a raw total or scaled by various time scales.
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11. Select a Graph Type from the list.
This controls how the tracked event data is displayed. The available graph
types depend on the selected tracked event and can include line graphs, bar
charts, and pie charts.
Base Dimension
12. If desired, select the following from the list:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
Resource Name. If selected, all values for the dimension are included in
the graph. Deselect this option to choose individual values of the
dimension to include in the graph.
Server Instance. If selected, all values for the dimension are included in
the graph. Deselect this option to choose individual values of the
dimension to include in the graph.
Operation Type. If selected, all values for the dimension are included in
the graph. Deselect this option to choose individual values of the
dimension to include in the graph.
After you select the dimension, the page refreshes to display a graph.
Graph Options
13. If desired, enter a Graph Subtitle
This produces a subtitle under the main title of the graph.
Advanced Graph Options
14. If desired, select Advanced Graph Options. Select this if you wish to set the
following:
вќЌ
Grid Lines
вќЌ
Font
вќЌ
Color Palette
15. Click Save to create the graph.
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Edit Graphs
Edit graphs by selecting the Reports tab, selecting a category of dashboard graphs
from the Select Dashboard Graph Type options list, and then selecting the graph
name from the list.
The graph attributes you can edit vary depending on the graph selected. One or
more of the following charactistics are available for editing:
•
Graph Name - Graphs are added to a dashboard by name.
•
Registry — Specifies the tracked event description defined in the registry. The
current selection includes: SAMPLE, SPE (service providers), and IDM.
•
Tracked Event - A system characteristic, such as memory usage, or an
aggregation of events, such as resource operations, whose historical values are
tracked and displayed visually as graphs or charts.
•
Time Scale - Controls how often data is aggregated and how often it is
retained.
•
Metric - Each graph displays a single metric. The available metrics depend on
the selected tracked event. Other options may be available for the metric
selected.
•
Graph type - Controls how the tracked event data is displayed (for example,
line graph or bar graph).
•
Included Dimension Values - If selected, all values for the dimensions are
included in the graph.
•
Graph Subtitle - If desired, enter a subtitle under the main title of the graph.
•
Advanced Graph Options - select this if you wish to set the following:
вќЌ
Grid Lines
вќЌ
Font
вќЌ
Color Palette
16. Click Save.
Delete Graphs
Delete graphs by selecting them from the list, and then clicking Delete.
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NOTE
Deleting a graph automatically removes it from all dashboards that
include it without warning.
Working with Dashboards
A dashboard is a collection of related graphs that are viewed on a single page. As
with graphs, Identity Manager provides a set of sample dashboards that
administrators are encouraged to customize to their own deployment. See
“Creating Dashboards” on page 245 for instructions.
The following areas in the Reports menu allow you to work with dashboards.
You can view existing dashboards from the Reports area of the Identity Manager
interface. Click View Dashboards Dashboard Graphs to list currently defined
dashboards, and then click Display next to the dashboard you wish to view.
NOTE
For dashboards containing many graphs, it's sometimes helpful to
pause the refresh until all of the graphs are initially loaded.
Click Pause to pause dashboard refresh, or Refresh to renew the
view.
The following sections provide procedures for working with dashboards:
•
Creating Dashboards
•
Edit Dashboards
•
Deleting Dashboards
Creating Dashboards
To create dashboards, use the following procedure:
1.
Click Reports from the menu bar.
2.
Click View Dashboards.
3.
Click New.
4.
Enter a name for the new dashboard.
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5.
Enter a summary describing the new dashboard.
6.
Select a refresh rate in either seconds, minutes, or hours, from the list.
NOTE
7.
Setting a refresh rate of less than 30 seconds can cause problems
with dashboards that contain several graphs.
To associate a graph style to the dashboard, select the appropriate entry from
the list.
NOTE
A single graph can be used in multiple dashboards.
8.
To remove a dashboard graph, select the appropriate entry from the list and
click Remove Graphs.
9.
Click Save.
Edit Dashboards
Use the procedure described in creating a dashboard to edit a dashboard, except
instead of selecting New, select the dashboard you want to modify and edit the
following attributes:
•
The name for the dashboard.
•
The summary describing the new dashboard.
•
The refresh rate in either seconds, minutes, or hours from the list.
•
Add or remove graphs associated with a dashbord.
NOTE
Removing a graph from a dashboard does not delete the graph. The
graph is still available for use with other dashboards.
A single graph can be used in multiple dashboards.
Figure 7-5 illustrates a sample dashboard edit page.
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Figure 7-5
Edit Dashboards
Deleting Dashboards
To delete Service Provider dashboards, from the Service Provider area click
Manage Dashboards, then select the desired dashboard and click delete.
NOTE
The graphs included in the dashboard are not removed using this
procedure. Delete graphs using the Manage Dashboard Graphs
page (see Delete Graphs).
Searching Transactions
A transaction encapsulates a single provisioning operation, for example creating a
new user or assigning new resources. To ensure that these transactions complete
when resources are unavailable, they are written to the Transaction Persistent
Store.
NOTE
Using the Edit Transaction Configuration page (see Transaction
Management), the administrator can control when transactions are
persisted. For instance, they can be persisted immediately, even
before they are attempted for the first time.
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The Search Transactions page allows you to search for transactions in the
Transaction Persistent Store. This includes transactions that are still being retried,
as well as transactions that have already completed. Transactions that have not
completed can be cancelled preventing any further attempts.
To search transactions:
1.
Log in to Identity Manager.
2.
Click Service Provider from the menu bar.
3.
Click Search Transations.
The Search Conditions page appears.
NOTE
4.
The search returns only transactions that match all of the conditions
selected below. This is similar to the Accounts->Find Users page in
Identity Manager.
If desired, select User Name.
This allows you to search for transactions that apply only to users with the
accountId that you enter.
NOTE
5.
If you have configured any Customized queryable user attributes on
the Service Provider Edition Transaction Configuration page, then
they appear here. For example, you could choose to search based on
Last Name or Full Name if these were configured as customized
queryable user attributes.
If desired, select search for Type.
This allows you to search for transactions of the selected type or types.
6.
If desired, select search for State.
This allows you to search for transactions in the following selected state or
states:
вќЌ
вќЌ
248
Unattempted transactions have not yet been attempted.
Pending retry transactions have been attempted one or more times, have
had one or more errors, and are scheduled to be retried up to the retry
limits configured for the individual resources.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Working with Dashboards
7.
вќЌ
Success transactions have completed successfully.
вќЌ
Failure transactions have completed with one or more failures.
If desired, select to search for Attempts.
This allows you to search for transactions based on how many times they have
been attempted. Failed transactions are retried up to the retry limits configured
for the individual resources.
8.
If desired, select to search for Submitted.
This allows you to search for transactions based on when they were initially
submitted in increments of hours, minutes, or days.
9.
If desired, select to search for Completed.
This allows you to search for transactions based on when they were completed
in increments of hours, minutes, or days.
10. If desired, select to search for Cancelled Status.
This allows you to search for transactions based on whether or not they have
already been cancelled.
11. If desired, select to search for Transaction ID.
This allows you to search for transactions based on their unique id. Use this
option to find a transaction based on the id value you enter, which appears in
all audit log records.
12. If desired, select to search for Running On (which Server.)
This allows you to search for transactions based on the Service Provider
Edition server where they are running. The server's identifier is based on its
machine name unless it has been overridden in the Waveset.properties
file.
13. Limit the search to results to first number of entries selected from the list.
Only results up to the specified limit are returned. No indication is made if
additional results are available.
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Figure 7-6
Search Transactions
14. Click Search.
The search results are displayed.
15. If desired, click Download All Matched Transactions at the bottom of the
results page. This saves the results to an XML formatted file.
NOTE
250
You can cancel transactions returned in the search results. Select the
transaction in the results table and click Cancel Selected. You
cannot cancel transactions that have completed or have already been
cancelled.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Chapter 8
Task Templates
Identity Manager’s task templates enable you to use the Administrator interface to
configure certain workflow behaviors, as an alternative to writing customized
workflows.
The following topics in this chapter explain how to make the task templates
available to your system and how to use task templates to configure workflow
behaviors:
•
Enabling the Task Templates
•
Configuring the Task Templates
Enabling the Task Templates
Identity Manager provides these task templates that you can configure:
•
Create User Template — Configures properties for the create user task.
•
Delete User Template — Configures properties for the delete user task.
•
Update User Template — Configures properties for the update user task.
Before using the task templates, you must map the task templates processes. To
map process types, use the following procedure:
1.
From the Identity Manager Administrator interface, select Tasks, and then
select Configure Tasks. Figure 8-1 illustrates the Configure Tasks page.
251
Enabling the Task Templates
Figure 8-1
Configure Tasks
The Configure Tasks page contains a table with the following columns:
вќЌ
вќЌ
Name — Provides links to the Create User, Delete User, and Update User
Templates.
Action – Contains one of the following buttons:
•
Enable – Displays if you have not enabled a template yet.
•
Edit Mapping – Displays after you enable a template.
The procedure for enabling and editing process mappings is the same.
2.
вќЌ
Process Mapping – Lists the process type mapped for each template.
вќЌ
Description – Provides a short description of each template.
Click Enable to open the Edit Process Mappings page for a template.
For example, the following page (Figure 8-2) displays for the Create User
Template:
Figure 8-2
252
Edit Process Mappings Page
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Enabling the Task Templates
NOTE
вќЌ
вќЌ
The default process type (in this case, createUser) automatically
displays in the Selected Process Types list. If necessary, you can
select a different process type from the menu.
Generally, you do not map more than one process type for each template.
If you remove the process type from the Selected Process Types list and do
not select a replacement, a Required Process Mappings section displays
instructing you to select a new task mapping.
Figure 8-3
3.
Click Save to map the selected process type and return to the Configure Tasks
page.
NOTE
When the Configure Tasks page redisplays, an Edit Mapping
button replaces the Enable button and the process name is listed in
the Process Mapping column.
Figure 8-4
4.
Required Process Mappings Section
Updated Configure Tasks Table
Repeat the mapping process for each of the remaining templates.
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253
Configuring the Task Templates
NOTES
•
You can verify the mappings by selecting Configure >
Form and Process Mappings. When the Configure Form
and Process Mappings page appears, scroll down to the
Process Mappings table and verify that the following
Process Types are mapped to the Process Name Mapped
To entries shown in the table.
Process Type
Process Name Mapped To
createUser
Create User Template
deleteUser
Delete User Template
updateUser
Update User Template
If the templates were enabled successfully, Process
Name Mapped To entries should all include the word
Template.
•
You can also map these process types directly from the
Form and Process Mapping page if you type Template
into the Process Name Mapped To column as shown in
the table.
After successfully mapping the template process types, you can configure the task
templates.
Configuring the Task Templates
To configure the different task templates, follow these steps:
1.
Select a Name link in the Task Template table. One of the following pages
displays:
вќЌ
вќЌ
254
Edit Task Template Create User Template — Open this page to edit the
template used to create a new user account.
Edit Task Template Delete User Template — Open this page to edit the
template used to delete or deprovision a user’s account.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Configuring the Task Templates
вќЌ
Edit Task Template Update User Template — Open this page to edit the
template used to update an existing user’s information.
Each Edit Task Template page contains a set of tabs that represent a major
configuration area for the user workflow.
The following table describes each tab, its purpose, and which templates use
that tab.
Table 8-1
Task Template Tabs
Tab Name
Purpose
Template
General
(default
Allows you to define how a task name displays in the
task bar located on the Home and Account pages,
and in the task instance table on the Tasks page.
Create User and Update User
Task Templates only
Allows you to specify how user accounts are
deleted/deprovisioned
Delete User Template only
Notification
Allows you to configure email notifications sent to
administrators and users when Identity Manager
invokes a process.
All Templates
Approvals
Allows you to enable or disable approvals by type,
designate additional approvers, and specify attributes
from account data before Identity Manager executes
certain tasks.
All Templates
Audit
Allows you to enable and configure auditing for the
workflow.
All Templates
Provisioning
Allows you to run a task in the background and to
allow Identity Manager to retry a task if the task fails.
Create User Task Template and
Update User Task Templates
only
Sunrise and
Sunset
Allows you to suspend a creation task until a
specified date/time (sunrise) or to suspend a
deletion task until a specified date/time (sunset).
Create User Task Template only
Data
Transformations
Allows you to configure how user data is transformed
during provisioning.
Create User and Update User
Task Templates only
tab)
2.
Select one of the tabs to configure workflow features for the template.
Instructions for configuring these tabs are provided in the following sections:
вќЌ
“Configuring the General Tab” on page 256
вќЌ
“Configuring the Notification Tab” on page 259
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Configuring the Task Templates
3.
вќЌ
“Configuring the Approvals Tab” on page 264
вќЌ
“Configuring the Audit Tab” on page 277
вќЌ
“Configuring the Provisioning Tab” on page 279
вќЌ
“Configuring the Sunrise and Sunset Tab” on page 280
вќЌ
“Configuring the Data Transformations Tab” on page 286
When you are finished configuring the templates, click the Save button to save
your changes.
Configuring the General Tab
This section provides instructions for configuring the General tab.
NOTE
The Edit Task Template pages for the Create User Template and
Update User Template are identical, so instructions for configuring
the tabs are provided in one section.
For the Create User or Update User Templates
When you open the Edit Task Template Create User Template or the Edit Task
Template Update User Template, the General tab page displays by default. This
page consists of a Task Name text field and menu, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 8-5
General Tab: Create User Template
Task names can contain literal text and/or attribute references that are resolved
during task execution.
To change the default task name, use the following steps:
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Configuring the Task Templates
1.
Type a name into the Task Name field.
You can edit or completely replace the default task name.
2.
The Task Name menu provides a list of attributes that are currently defined for
the view associated with the task configured by this template. Select a attribute
from the menu (optional).
Identity Manager appends the attribute name to the entry in the Task Name
field. For example:
Create user $(accountId) $(user.global.email)
3.
When you are finished, you can
вќЌ
Select a different tab to continue editing the templates.
вќЌ
Click Save to save your changes and return to the Configure Tasks page.
вќЌ
вќЌ
The new task name will display in the Identity Manager task bar, located at
the bottom of the Home and Accounts tabs.
Click Cancel to discard your changes and return to the Configure Tasks
page.
For the Delete User Template
When you open the Edit Task Template Delete User Template, the General tab
page displays by default.
To specify how user accounts are deleted/deprovisioned, use the following steps:
1.
Use the Delete Identity Manager Account buttons to specify whether an
Identity Manager account can be deleted during a delete operation, as follows:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
2.
Never — Enable this button to prevent accounts from being deleted.
Only if user has no linked accounts after deprovisioning — Enable this
button to allow user account deletions only if there are no linked resource
accounts after deprovisioning.
Always — Enable this button to always allow user account deletions —
even if there are still resource accounts assigned.
Use the Resource Accounts Deprovisioning boxes to control resource account
deprovisioning for all resource accounts, as follows:
вќЌ
Delete All — Enable this box to delete all accounts representing the user
on all assigned resources.
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вќЌ
вќЌ
NOTE
3.
Unassign All — Enable this box to unassign all resource accounts from the
user. The resource accounts will not be deleted.
Unlink All — Enable this box to break all links from the Identity Manager
system to the resource accounts. Users with accounts that are assigned but
not linked will display with a badge to indicate that an update is required.
These controls override the behaviors in the Individual Resource
Accounts Deprovisioning table.
Use the Individual Resource Accounts Deprovisioning boxes to allow a
more fine-grained approach to user deprovisioning (compared to Resource
Accounts Deprovisioning) as follows:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
NOTE
Delete — Enable this box to delete the account that represents the user on
the resource.
Unassign — Enable this box and the user will no longer be assigned
directly to the resource. The resource account will not be deleted.
Unlink — Enable this box to break the link from the Identity Manager
system to the resource accounts. Users with accounts that are assigned but
not linked will display with a badge to indicate that an update is required.
The Individual Resource Accounts Deprovisioning options are
useful if you want to specify a separate deprovisioning policy for
different resources. For example, most customers do not want to
delete Active Directory users because each user has a global
identifier that can never be re-created following deletion.
However, in environments where new resources are added, you
might not want to use this option because the deprovisioning
configuration would have to be updated every time you add a new
resource.
4.
When you are finished, you can
вќЌ
Select a different tab to continue editing the templates.
вќЌ
Click Save to save your changes and return to the Configure Tasks page.
вќЌ
258
Click Cancel to discard your changes and return to the Configure Tasks
page.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Configuring the Task Templates
Configuring the Notification Tab
All of the Task Templates support sending email notifications to administrators
and users when Identity Manager invokes a process — usually after the process
has completed. You can use the Notification tab to configure these notifications.
Identity Manager uses email templates to deliver information and
requests for action to administrators, approvers, and users. For more
information about Identity Manager email templates, see the section
titled Understanding Email Templates in this guide.
NOTE
The following figure shows the Notification page for the Create User Template.
Figure 8-6
Notification Tab: Create User Template
To specify how Identity Manager will determine notification recipients, use the
following process:
1.
Complete the Administrator Notifications section.
2.
Complete the User Notifications section.
3.
When you are finished, you can
вќЌ
Select a different tab to continue editing the templates.
вќЌ
Click Save to save your changes and return to the Configure Tasks page.
вќЌ
Click Cancel to discard your changes and return to the Configure Tasks
page.
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Configuring the Task Templates
Configuring Administrator Notifications
Select an option from the Determine Notification Recipients from menu to
determine the method for notifying administrator recipients.
•
None (default) — No administrators will be notified.
•
Attribute — Select to derive notification recipients’ account IDs from a
specified attribute in the user view. Continue to “Specifying Recipients by
Attribute” on page 260.
•
Rule — Select to derive notification recipients’ account IDs by evaluating a
specified rule. Continue to “Specifying Recipients by Rule” on page 261.
•
Query — Select to derive notification recipients’ account IDs by formulating a
query to a particular resource. Continue to “Specifying Recipients by Query”
on page 262.
•
Administrator List — Select to choose notification recipients’ explicitly from a
list. Continue to “Specifying Recipients from the Administrators List” on
page 263.
Specifying Recipients by Attribute
To derive notification recipients’ account IDs from a specified attribute, use the
following steps:
NOTE
1.
The attribute must resolve to a string that represents a single
account ID or to a list in which the elements are account IDs.
Select Attribute from the Determine Notification Recipients from menu and
the following new options are displayed:
Figure 8-7
260
Administrator Notifications: Attribute
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Configuring the Task Templates
вќЌ
вќЌ
2.
Notification Recipient Attribute — Provides a list of attributes (currently
defined for the view associated with the task configured by this template)
used to determine recipient account IDs.
Email Template — Provides a list of email templates.
Select an attribute from the Notification Recipient Attribute menu.
The attribute name displays in the text field adjacent to the menu.
3.
Select a template from the Email Template menu to specify a format for the
administrators’ notification email.
Specifying Recipients by Rule
To derive notification recipients’ account IDs from a specified rule, use the
following steps:
NOTE
1.
When evaluated, the rule must return a string that represents a
single account ID or to a list in which the elements are account IDs.
Select Rule from the Determine Notification Recipients from menu and the
following new options display in the Notification form:
Figure 8-8
вќЌ
вќЌ
Administrator Notifications: Rule
Notification Recipient Rule — Provides a list of rules (currently defined
for your system) that, when evaluated, returns the recipients’ account IDs.
Email Template — Provides a list of email templates.
2.
Select a rule from the Notification Recipient Rule menu.
3.
Select a template from the Email Template menu to specify a format for the
administrators’ notification email.
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Specifying Recipients by Query
NOTE
Only LDAP and Active Directory resource queries are supported at
this time.
To derive notification recipients’ account IDs by querying a specified resource, use
the following steps:
1.
Select Query from the Determine Notification Recipients from menu and the
following new options display in the Notification form, as illustrated in
Figure 8-9:
Figure 8-9
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
262
Administrator Notifications: Query
Notification Recipient Administrator Query — Provides a table
consisting of the following menus, which you can use to construct a query:
Resource to Query — Provides a list of resources currently defined for
your system.
Resource Attribute to Query — Provides a list of resource attributes
currently defined for your system.
Attribute to Compare — Provides a list of attributes currently defined for
your system.
Email Template — Provides a list of email templates.
2.
Select a resource, resource attribute, and an attribute to compare from these
menus to construct the query.
3.
Select a template from the Email Template menu to specify a format for the
administrators’ notification email.
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Specifying Recipients from the Administrators List
Select Administrators List from the Determine Notification Recipients from
menu and the following new options display in the Notification form:
Figure 8-10
вќЌ
вќЌ
Administrator Notifications: Administrators List
Administrators to Notify — Provides a selection tool with a list of
available administrators.
Email Template — Provides a list of email templates.
4.
Select one or more administrators in the Available Administrators list and
move them to the Selected Administrators list.
5.
Select a template from the Email Template menu to specify a format for the
administrators’ notification email.
Configuring User Notifications
When specifying users to be notified, you must also specify the name of an email
template to be used to generate the email used for notification.
To notify the user being created, updated, or deleted enable the Notify user
checkbox, as shown in Figure 8-11, and then select an email template from the list..
Figure 8-11
Specifying an Email Template
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Configuring the Approvals Tab
You can use the Approvals tab to designate additional approvers and to specify
attributes for the task approval form before Identity Manager executes the create,
delete, or update user tasks.
Traditionally, administrators who are associated with a particular organization,
resource, or role are required to approve certain tasks before execution. Identity
Manager also allows you to designate additional approvers — additional
administrators who will be required to approve the task.
NOTE
If you configure Additional Approvers for a workflow, you are
requiring approval from the traditional approvers and from any
additional approvers specified in the template.
The following figure illustrates the initial Approvals page administrative user
interface.
Figure 8-12
264
Approvals Tab: Create User Template
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To configure approvals, use the following process:
1.
Complete the Approvals Enablement section (see “Enabling Approvals” on
page 265).
2.
Complete the Additional Approvers section (see “Specifying Additional
Approvers” on page 265).
3.
Complete the Approval Form Configuration section for the Create User and
Update User Templates only (see “Configuring the Approval Form” on
page 274).
4.
When you are finished configuring the Approvals tab, you can
вќЌ
Select a different tab to continue editing the templates.
вќЌ
Click Save to save your changes and return to the Configure Tasks page.
вќЌ
Click Cancel to discard your changes and return to the Configure Tasks
page.
Enabling Approvals
Use the following Approvals Enablement checkboxes to require approvals before
the create user, delete user, or update user tasks can proceed.
NOTE
By default, these checkboxes are enabled for the Create User and
Update User Templates, but they are disabled for the Delete User
Template.
•
Organization Approvals — Enable this checkbox to require approvals from
any configured organizational approvers.
•
Resource Approvals — Enable this checkbox to require approvals from any
configured resource approvers.
•
Role Approvals — Enable this checkbox to require approvals from any
configured role approvers.
Specifying Additional Approvers
Use the Determine additional approvers from menu to specify how Identity
Manager will determine additional approvers for the create user, delete user, or
update user tasks. The options on this menu include:
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Table 8-2
Determine additional approvers from menu option
Option
Description
None (default)
No additional approvers are required for task execution.
Attribute
Approvers’ account IDs are derived from within an attribute specified in the user’s view.
Rule
Approvers’ account IDs are derived by evaluating a specified rule.
Query
Approvers’ account IDs are derived by querying a particular resource.
Administrator List
Approvers are chosen explicitly from a list.
When you select any of these options (except None), additional options display in
the administrative user interface. Instructions for configuring these options begin
on page 265.
Use the instructions provided in the following sections to specify a method for
determining additional approvers.
•
From Attributes (page 266)
•
From Rules (page 267)
•
From a Query (page 268)
•
From the Administrators List (page 270)
From Attributes
To determine additional approvers from an attribute,
1.
Select Attribute from the Determine additional approvers from menu.
NOTE
The attribute must resolve to a string that represents a single
account ID or to a list in which the elements are account IDs.
The following new options display:
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Figure 8-13
Additional Approvers: Attribute
•
Approver Attribute — Provides a list of attributes (currently defined for the
view associated with the task configured by this template) used to determine
approvers’ account IDs.
•
Approval times out after — Provides a method for specifying when the
approval will time out.
NOTE
2.
The Approval times out after setting affects both initial approvals
and escalated approvals.
Use the Approver Attribute menu to select an attribute.
The selected attribute displays in the adjacent text field.
3.
Decide whether you want the approval request to timeout after a specified
period of time.
вќЌ
вќЌ
If you want to specify a timeout period, continue to “Configuring
Approval Timeouts” on page 271 for instructions.
If you do not want to specify a timeout period, you can continue to
“Configuring the Approval Form” on page 274 or save your changes and
go on to configure a different tab.
From Rules
To derive the approvers’ account IDs from a specified rule, use the following steps:
1.
Select Rule from the Determine additional approvers from menu.
NOTE
When evaluated, the rule must return a string that represents a
single account ID or to a list in which the elements are account IDs.
The following new options display.
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Figure 8-14
вќЌ
вќЌ
NOTE
Additional Approvers: Rule
Approver Rule — Provides a list of rules (currently defined for your
system) that, when evaluated, returns the recipients’ account IDs.
Approval times out after — Provides a method for specifying when the
approval will time out.
The Approval times out after setting affects both initial approvals
and escalated approvals.
2.
Select a rule from the Approver Rule menu.
3.
Decide whether you want the approval request to timeout after a specified
period of time.
вќЌ
вќЌ
If you want to specify a timeout period, continue to “Configuring
Approval Timeouts” on page 271 for instructions.
If you do not want to specify a timeout period, you can continue to
“Configuring the Approval Form” on page 274 or save your changes and
go on to configure a different tab.
From a Query
NOTE
Only LDAP and Active Directory resource queries are supported at
this time.
To derive approvers account IDs by querying a specified resource, use these steps:
1.
268
Select Query from the Determine additional approvers from menu and the
following new options display:
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Figure 8-15
•
Approval Administrator Query — Provides a table consisting of the following
menus, which you can use to construct a query:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
•
3.
Resource to Query — Provides a list of resources currently defined for
your system.
Resource Attribute to Query — Provides a list of resource attributes
currently defined for your system.
Attribute to Compare — Provides a list of attributes currently defined for
your system.
Approval times out after — Provides a method for specifying when the
approval will time out.
NOTE
2.
Additional Approvers: Query
The Approval times out after setting affects both initial approvals
and escalated approvals.
Construct a query as follows:
a.
Select a resource from the Resource to Query menu.
b.
Select attributes from the Resource Attribute to Query and Attribute to
Compare menus.
Decide whether you want the approval request to timeout after a specified
period of time.
вќЌ
вќЌ
If you want to specify a timeout period, continue to “Configuring
Approval Timeouts” on page 271 for instructions.
If you do not want to specify a timeout period, you can continue to
“Configuring the Approval Form” on page 274 or save your changes and
go on to configure a different tab.
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From the Administrators List
To explicitly choose additional approvers from the Administrators List,
1.
Select Administrators List from the Determine additional approvers from
menu and the following new options display:
Figure 8-16
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
NOTE
Administrators to Notify — Provides a selection tool with a list of
available administrators.
Approval Form — Provides a list of user forms additional approvers can
use to approve or reject an approval request.
Approval times out after — Provides a method for specifying when the
approval will time out.
The Approval times out after setting affects both initial approvals
and escalated approvals.
2.
Select one or more administrators in the Available Administrators list and
move the selected names to the Selected Administrators list.
3.
Decide whether you want the approval request to timeout after a specified
period of time.
вќЌ
вќЌ
270
Additional Approvers: Administrators List
If you want to specify a timeout period, continue to “Configuring
Approval Timeouts” on page 271 for instructions.
If you do not want to specify a timeout period, you can continue to
“Configuring the Approval Form” on page 274 or save your changes and
go on to configure a different tab.
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Configuring Approval Timeouts
To configure an approval timeouts,
1.
Enable the checkbox.
The adjacent text field and menu become active, and the Timeout Action
buttons display, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 8-17
2.
Use the Approval times out after text field and menu to specify a timeout
period as follows:
a.
Select seconds, minutes, hours, or days from the menu.
b.
Enter a number in the text field to indicate how many seconds, minutes,
hours, or days you want to specify for the timeout.
NOTE
3.
Approval Timeout Options
The Approval times out after setting affects both initial approvals
and escalated approvals.
Enable one of the following Timeout Action buttons to specify what happens
when the approval request times out:
вќЌ
вќЌ
Reject Request — Identity Manager automatically rejects the request if it is
not approved before the specified timeout period.
Escalate the approval — Identity Manager automatically escalates the
request to another approver if the request is not approved before the
specified timeout period.
When you enable this button, new options display because you must
specify how Identity Manager will determine approvers for an escalated
approval. Continue to “Escalating Approvals” on page 272 for
instructions.
вќЌ
Execute a task — Identity Manager automatically executes an alternate
task if the approval request is not approved before the specified timeout
period.
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Enable this button and the Approval Timeout Task menu displays so you
can specify a task to execute if the approval request times out. Continue to
“Executing a Task” on page 274 for instructions.
Escalating Approvals
When you enable the Timeout Action Escalate the approval button, the Determine
escalation approvers from menu displays as follows:
Figure 8-18
Determine Escalation Approvers From Menu
Select one of the following options from this menu to specify how approvers are
determined for an escalated approval.
•
Attribute — Determine approver account IDs from within an attribute
specified in the new user’s view.
The attribute must resolve to a string that represents a single
account ID or to a list in which the elements are account IDs.
NOTE
When the Escalation Administrator Attribute menu displays, select an
attribute from the list. The selected attribute displays in the adjacent text field.
Figure 8-19
•
Escalation Administrator Attribute Menu
Rule — Determine approver account IDs by evaluating a specified rule.
NOTE
When evaluated, the rule must return a string that represents a
single account ID or to a list in which the elements are account IDs.
When the Escalation Administrator Rule menu displays, select a rule from the
list.
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Figure 8-20
•
Escalation Administrator Rule Menu
Query — Determine approvers account IDs by querying a particular resource.
When the Escalation Administrator Query menus display, build your query
as follows:
a.
Select a resource from the Resource to Query menu.
b.
Select an attribute from the Resource Attribute to Query menu.
c.
Select an attribute from the Attribute to Compare menu.
Figure 8-21
•
Escalation Administrator Query Menu
Administrator List (default) — Choose approvers explicitly from a list.
When the Escalation Administrator selection tool displays, select approvers as
follows:
Figure 8-22
Escalation Administrator Selection Tool
a.
Select one or more administrator names from the Available
Administrators list.
b.
Move the selected names to the Selected Administrators list.
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Executing a Task
When you enable the Timeout Action Execute a task button, the Approval
Timeout Task menu displays as follows:
Figure 8-23
Approval Timeout Task Menu
Specify a task to execute if the approval request times out. For example, you might
allow the requester to submit a help desk request or send a report to the
Administrator.
Configuring the Approval Form
NOTE
The Delete User Template does not contain an Approval Form
Configuration section. You can configure this section for Create
User and Update User Templates only.
You can use features in the Approval Form Configuration section to select an
approval form, and add attributes to (or remove attributes from) the approval
form.
Figure 8-24
Approval Form Configuration
By default, the Approval Attributes table contains the following standard
attributes:
•
274
user.waveset.accountId
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•
user.waveset.roles
•
user.waveset.organization
•
user.global.email
•
user.waveset.resources
NOTE
The default approval form was instrumented to allow approval
attributes to display. If you are using an approval form other than
the default form, you must instrument your form to display the
approval attributes specified in the Approval Attributes table.
To configure an Approval form for additional approvers:
1.
Select a form from the Approval Form menu.
Approvers will use this form to approve or reject an approval request.
2.
Enable checkboxes in the Editable column of the Approval Attributes table to
allow approvers to edit the attribute value.
For example, if you enable the user.waveset.accountId checkbox the
approver can change the user’s account ID.
NOTE
If you modify any account-specific attribute values in the approval
form, you will also override any global attribute values with the
same name when the user is actually provisioned.
For example, if resource R1 exists in your system with a description
schema attribute, and you add user.accounts[R1].description
attribute to the approval form as an editable attribute, any changes
to the description attribute value in the approval form will
override the value propagated from global.description for
resource R1 only.
3.
Click the Add Attribute or Remove Selected Attributes buttons to specify
attributes from the new user’s account data to display in the approval form.
вќЌ
вќЌ
To add attributes to the form, see “Adding Attributes” on page 276.
To remove attributes from the form, see “Removing Attributes” on
page 277.
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NOTE
You cannot remove the default attributes from an approval
form unless you modify the XML file.
Adding Attributes
To add attributes to the approval form
1.
Click the Add Attribute button located under the Approval Attributes table.
The Attribute name menu becomes active in the Approval Attributes table, as
shown in the following figure:
Figure 8-25
2.
Adding Approval Attributes
Select an attribute from the menu.
The selected attribute name displays in the adjacent text field and the
attribute’s default display name displays in the Form Display Name column.
For example, if you select the user.waveset.organization attribute, the table
will contain the following information:
вќЌ
вќЌ
If necessary, you can change the default attribute name or the default Form
Display Name by typing a new name into the appropriate text field.
Enable the Editable checkbox if you want to allow the approver to change
the attribute’s value.
For example, the approver may want to override information such as the
user’s email address.
3.
276
Repeat these steps to specify additional attributes.
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Removing Attributes
NOTE
You cannot remove the default attributes from an approval form
unless you modify the XML file.
To remove attributes from the approval form, use the following steps:
1.
Enable one or more checkboxes in the leftmost column of the Approval
Attributes table.
2.
Click the Remove Selected Attributes button to immediately remove the
selected attributes from the Approval Attributes table.
For example, user.global.firstname and user.waveset.organization
would be removed from the following table when you clicked the Remove
Selected Attributes button.
Figure 8-26
Removing Approval Attributes
Configuring the Audit Tab
All of the configurable Task Templates support configuring workflows to audit
certain tasks. Specifically, you can configure the Audit tab to control whether
workflow events will be audited and specify which attributes will be stored for
reporting purposes.
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Figure 8-27
Audit Create User Template
To configure auditing from the User Template’s Audit tab:
1.
Enable the Audit entire workflow checkbox to activate the workflow auditing
feature.
2.
Click the Add Attribute button (located in the Audit Attributes section) to
select attributes you want to record for reporting purposes.
3.
When the Select an attribute menu displays in the Audit Attributes table,
select an attribute from the list.
The attribute name will display in the adjacent text field.
Figure 8-28
Adding an Attribute
To remove attributes from the Audit Attributes table, use the following steps:
1.
278
Enable the checkbox adjacent to the attribute you want to remove.
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Figure 8-29
2.
Removing the user.global.email Attribute
Click the Remove Selected Attributes button.
When you are finished configuring this tab, you can
•
Select a different tab to continue editing the templates.
•
Click Save to save your changes and return to the Configure Tasks page.
•
Click Cancel to discard your changes and return to the Configure Tasks page.
Configuring the Provisioning Tab
NOTE
This tab is available for the Create and Update User Templates only.
You can use the Provisioning tab to configure the following options, which are
related to provisioning:
Figure 8-30
Provisioning Tab: Create User Template
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•
Provision in the background – Enable this checkbox to run a create, delete, or
update task in the background instead of running the task synchronously.
Provisioning in the background allows you to continue working in Identity
Manager while the task executes.
•
Add Retry link to the task result – Enable this checkbox to add a Retry link to
the user interface when a provisioning error results from task execution. The
Retry link allows the user to attempt the task again if it failed on the first
attempt.
When you are finished configuring the Provisioning tab, you can
•
Select a different tab to continue editing the template.
•
Click Save to save your changes and return to the Configure Tasks page.
•
Click Cancel to discard your changes and return to the Configure Tasks page.
Configuring the Sunrise and Sunset Tab
NOTE
This tab is available for the Create User Template only.
You use the Sunrise and Sunset tab to select a method for determining the time and
date when the following actions will occur.
•
Provisioning will take place for a new user (sunrise).
•
Deprovisioning will take place for a new user (sunset).
For example, you can specify a sunset date for a temporary worker whose contract
expires after six months.
Figure 8-31 illustrates the settings on the Sunrise and Sunset tab.
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Figure 8-31
Sunrise and Sunset Tab: Create User Template
The topics that follow provide instructions for configuring the Sunrise and Sunset
tab.
Configuring Sunrises
Configure the sunrise settings to specify the time and date provisioning will take
place for a new user, and to specify the user who will own the work item for
sunrise.
To configure sunrises, use the following procedure:
1.
Select one of the following options from the Determine sunrise from menu to
specify how Identity Manager will determine a time and date for provisioning.
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
Specifying a Time — Delays provisioning until a specified time in the
future. Continue to page 282 for instructions.
Specifying a Date — Delays provisioning until a specified calendar date in
the future. Continue to page 282 for instructions.
Specifying an Attribute — Delays provisioning until a specified date and
time based on the attribute’s value in the user’s view. The attribute must
contain a date/time string. When specifying an attribute to contain a
date/time string, you can specify a data format to which the data is
expected to conform.
Continue to page 283 for instructions.
вќЌ
Specifying a Rule — Delays provisioning based on a rule that, when
evaluated, produces a date/time string. As when specifying an attribute,
you can specify a data format to which the data is expected to conform.
Continue to page 284 for instructions.
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NOTE
2.
Select a user from the Work Item Owner menu to specify who will own the
work item for sunrise.
NOTE
3.
The Determine sunrise from menu defaults to the None option,
which allows provisioning to take place immediately.
Sunrise work items are available from the Approvals tab.
When you are finished configuring sunrises, you can
вќЌ
Select a different tab to continue editing the Create User Template.
вќЌ
Click Save to save your changes and return to the Configure Tasks page.
вќЌ
Click Cancel to discard your changes and return to the Configure Tasks
page.
Specifying a Time
To delay provisioning until a specified time, use the following steps:
1.
Select Specified time from the Determine sunrise from menu.
2.
When a new text field and menu display to the right of the Determine sunrise
from menu, type a number into the blank text field and select a unit of time
from the menu.
For example, if you want to provision a new user in two hours, specify the
following:
Figure 8-32
Provisioning a New User in Two Hours
Specifying a Date
To delay provisioning until a specified calendar date, use the following steps:
1.
282
Select Specified day from the Determine sunrise from menu.
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2.
Use the menu options that appear to specify which week in the month, which
day of the week, and which month the provisioning should occur.
For example, if you want to provision a new user on the second Monday in
September, specify the following:
Figure 8-33
Provisioning a New User by Date
Specifying an Attribute
To determine the provisioning date and time based on the value of an attribute in
the users account data, use the following steps:
1.
Select Attribute from the Determine sunrise from menu and the following
options become active:
вќЌ
вќЌ
Sunrise Attribute menu – Provides a list of attributes currently defined for
the view associated with the task configured by this template.
Specific Date Format checkbox and menu – Enables you to specify a date
format string for the attribute value (if necessary).
NOTE
If you do not enable the Specific Date Format checkbox, date
strings must conform to a format that is acceptable to the
FormUtil method’s convertDateToString. Consult the product
documentation for a complete list of supported date formats.
2.
Select an attribute from the Sunrise Attribute menu.
3.
If necessary, enable the Specific Date Format checkbox and when the Specific
Date Format field becomes active, enter a date format string.
For example, to provision a new user based on their waveset.accountId
attribute value using a day, month, and year format specify the following:
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Figure 8-34
Provisioning a New User by Attribute
Specifying a Rule
To determine the provisioning date and time by evaluating a specified rule, use the
following steps:
1.
Select Rule from the Determine sunrise from menu and the following options
become active:
вќЌ
вќЌ
Sunrise Rule menu – Provides a list of rules currently defined for your
system.
Specific Date Format checkbox and menu – Enables you to specify a date
format string for the rule’s returned value (if necessary).
NOTE
If you do not enable the Specific Date Format checkbox, date strings
must conform to a format that is acceptable to the FormUtil
method’s convertDateToString. Consult the product
documentation for a complete list of supported date formats.
2.
Select a rule from the Sunrise Rule menu.
3.
If necessary, enable the Specific Date Format checkbox and when the Specific
Date Format field becomes active, enter a date format string.
For example, to provision a new user based on the Email rule using a year, month,
day, hours, minutes, and seconds format specify the following:
Figure 8-35
284
Provisioning a New User by Rule
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Configuring Sunsets
The options and procedures for configuring sunsets (deprovisioning) are
essentially the same as those provided for sunrises (provisioning) in the
Configuring Sunrises section.
The only difference is that the Sunset section also provides a Sunset Task menu
because you must specify a task to deprovision the user on the specified date
and time.
To configure a sunset, use the following procedure:
1.
Use the Determine sunset from menu to specify the method for determining
when deprovisioning will take place:
NOTE
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
The Determine sunset from menu defaults to the None option,
which allows deprovisioning to take place immediately.
Specified time – Delays deprovisioning until a specified time in the future.
Review “Specifying a Time” on page 282 for instructions.
Specified date – Delays deprovisioning until a specified calendar date in
the future. Review “Specifying a Date” on page 282 for instructions.
Attribute – Delays deprovisioning until a specified date and time based on
the attribute’s value in the users’ account data. The attribute must contain a
date/time string. When specifying an attribute to contain a date/time
string, you can specify a date format to which the data is expected to
conform.
Review “Specifying an Attribute” on page 283 for instructions.
вќЌ
Rule – Delays deprovisioning based on a rule that, when evaluated,
produces a date/time string. As when specifying an attribute, you can
specify a date format to which the data is expected to conform.
Review “Specifying a Rule” on page 284 for instructions.
2.
Use the Sunset Task menu to specify a task to deprovision the user on the
specified date and time.
3.
When you are finished configuring this tab, you can
вќЌ
Select a different tab to continue editing the template.
вќЌ
Click Save to save your changes and return to the Configure Tasks page.
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вќЌ
Click Cancel to discard your changes and return to the Configure Tasks
page.
Configuring the Data Transformations Tab
NOTE
This tab is available for the Create and Update User Templates only.
If you want to alter user account data as the workflow executes, you can use the
Data Transformations tab to specify how Identity Manager will transform the data
during provisioning.
For example, if you want forms or rules to generate email addresses that conform
to company policy, or if you want to generate sunrise or sunset dates.
When you select the Data Transformations tab, the following page displays:
Figure 8-36
Data Transformations Tab: Create User Template
This page consists of the following sections:
•
286
Before Approval Actions – Configure the options in this section if you want to
transform user account data before sending approval requests to specified
approvers.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Configuring the Task Templates
•
Before Provision Actions – Configure the options in this section if you want to
transform user account data before a provisioning action.
•
Before Notification Actions – Configure the options in this section if you want
to transform user account data before notifications are sent to specified
recipients.
You can configure the following options in each section:
•
Form to Apply menus – Provide a list of the forms currently configured for
your system. Use these menus to specify forms that will be used to transform
data from the users accounts.
•
Rule to Run menus – Provide a list of the rules currently configured for your
system. Use these menus to specify rules that will be used to transform data
from the users accounts.
When you are finished configuring this tab, you can
•
Select a different tab to continue editing the template.
•
Click Save to save your changes and return to the Configure Tasks page.
•
Click Cancel to discard your changes and return to the Configure Tasks page.
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Chapter 9
PasswordSync
This chapter describes the Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager PasswordSync
feature, which enables Windows clients changing passwords in their Windows
Active Directory and Windows NT domains to synchronize the changes with
Identity Manager.
The information is organized as follows:
•
What is PasswordSync?
•
Before You Install
•
Installing PasswordSync
•
Configuring PasswordSync
•
Debugging PasswordSync
•
Uninstalling PasswordSync
•
Deploying PasswordSync
•
Configuring PasswordSync with a Sun JMS Server
•
Failover Deployment for PasswordSync
•
Frequently Asked Questions about PasswordSync
What is PasswordSync?
The PasswordSync feature keeps user password changes made on Windows Active
Directory and Windows NT domains synchronized with other resources defined in
Identity Manager. PasswordSync must be installed on each domain controller in
the domains that will be synchronized with Identity Manager. PasswordSync must
be installed separately from Identity Manager.
289
Before You Install
When PasswordSync has been installed on a domain controller, the controller
communicates with a servlet that acts as a proxy for a Java Messaging Service (JMS)
client. The servlet in turn communicates with a JMS-enabled message queue. A
JMS Listener resource adapter removes messages from the queue and processes the
password changes using a workflow task. The password is updated on all of the
user’s assigned resources, and an SMTP server sends an email to the user, notifying
the user of the status of the password change.
NOTE
A password change must pass the native password policy for the
change request to be forwarded to the Identity Manager server for
synchronization. If the proposed password change does not meet
the native password policy, the ADSI displays an error dialog, and
no synchronization data is sent to Identity Manager.
Before You Install
The PasswordSync feature can be set up only on Windows 2000, Windows 2003,
and Windows NT domain controllers. You must install PasswordSync on each
domain controller in the domains that will be synchronized with Identity Manager.
PasswordSync requires connectivity with a JMS server. See the JMS Listener
resource adapter section in the Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager Resources
Reference for more information about the requirements for the JMS system.
In addition, PasswordSync requires you to
•
Install Microsoft .NET 1.1 or later on each domain controller
•
Remove any previous versions of PasswordSync
These requirements are discussed in more detail in the following sections.
Install Microsoft .NET 1.1
To use PasswordSync, you must install the Microsoft .NET 1.1 (or later)
Framework. This Framework is installed by default if you are using a Windows
2003 domain controller. If you are using a Windows 2000 or Windows NT domain
controller, you can download the toolkit from the Microsoft Download Center at:
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads
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NOTE
•
Microsoft .NET 1.1 Framework requires Internet Explorer 5.01 or later. Internet
Explorer 5.0 (bundled with Windows 2000 SP4) is not sufficient.
•
Enter NET Framework 1.1 Redistributable in the Keywords search field to
quickly locate the framework toolkit.
•
The toolkit installs the .NET 1.1 framework.
Uninstall Previous Versions of PasswordSync
You must remove any previously installed instances of PasswordSync before
installing a later version.
•
If the previously installed version of PasswordSync supports the
IdmPwSync.msi installer, you can use the standard Windows Add/Remove
Programs utility to remove the program.
•
If the previously installed version of PasswordSync does not support the
IdmPwSync.msi installer, use the InstallAnywhere uninstaller to remove the
program.
Installing PasswordSync
The following procedure describes how to install the PasswordSync configuration
application.
NOTE
1.
You must install PasswordSync on each domain controller in the
domains that will be synchronized with Identity Manager.
From the Identity Manager installation media, click on the
pwsync\IdmPwSync.msi icon. The Welcome window is displayed.
The installation wizard provides the following navigational buttons:
вќЌ
Cancel: Click to exit the wizard at any time without saving any of your
changes.
вќЌ
Back: Click to return to a previous dialog box.
вќЌ
Next: Click to progress to the next dialog box.
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2.
Read the information provided on the Welcome screen, and then click Next to
display the Choose Setup Type PasswordSync Configuration window.
PasswordSync Setup
3.
Click either Typical or Complete to install the full PasswordSync package, or
Custom to control which parts of the package are installed.
4.
Click Install to install the product.
A message displays to let you know if you installed PasswordSync
successfully.
5.
Click Finish to complete the installation process.
Be sure to select Launch Configuration Application so that you can begin
configuring Password Sync. See “Configuring PasswordSync” on page 293 for
details about this process.
NOTE
A dialog stating that you must restart the system for the changes
to take effect displays. It is not necessary to restart until after
you have configured PasswordSync, but you must restart the
domain controller before implementing PasswordSync.
Table 9-1 describes the files that are installed on each domain controller.
Table 9-1
292
Domain Controller Files
Installed Component
Description
%$INSTALL_DIR$%\configure.exe
PasswordSync configuration program
%$INSTALL_DIR$%\configure.exe.manifest
Data file for the configuration program
%$INSTALL_DIR$%\DotNetWrapper.dll
DLL that handles .NET SOAP communication
%$INSTALL_DIR$%\passwordsyncmsgs.dll
DLL that handles PasswordSync messages
%SYSTEMROOT%\SYSTEM32\lhpwic.dll
Password Notification DLL that implements the
Windows PasswordChangeNotify() function
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Configuring PasswordSync
Configuring PasswordSync
If you run the configuration application from the installer, the application displays
the configuration screens as a wizard. After you have completed the wizard, each
subsequent time you run the PasswordSync configuration application, you can
navigate between screens by selecting a tab.
Use the following steps to configure PasswordSync
1.
Start the PasswordSync configuration application, if it is not already running.
By default, the configuration application is installed at Program Files >
Sun Java System Identity Manager PasswordSync > Configuration.
The PasswordSync Configuration dialog is displayed (see Figure 9-1).
Figure 9-1
PasswordSync Configuration Dialog
Edit the fields as necessary.
вќЌ
вќЌ
Server must be replaced with the fully-qualified host name or IP address
where Identity Manager is installed.
Protocol indicates whether to make secure connections to Identity
Manager. If HTTP is selected, the default port is 80. If HTTPS is selected,
the default port is 443.
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вќЌ
вќЌ
2.
Path specifies the path to Identity Manager on the application server.
URL is generated by concatenating the other fields together. The value
cannot be edited within the URL field.
Click Next to display the Proxy Server Configuration page (Figure 9-2).
Figure 9-2
Proxy Server Dialog
Edit the fields as necessary.
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
3.
294
Click Enable if a proxy server is required.
Server must be replaced with the fully-qualified host name or IP address
of the proxy server.
Port: Specify an available port number for the server.
(The default proxy port is 8080 and the default HTTPS port is 443.)
Click Next to display the JMS Settings dialog (Figure 9-3).
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Configuring PasswordSync
Figure 9-3
JMS Settings Dialog
Edit the fields as necessary.
вќЌ
User specifies the JMS user name that places new messages on the queue.
вќЌ
Password and Confirm specify the password for the JMS user.
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
4.
Connection Factory specifies the name of the JMS connection factory to be
used. This factory must already exist on the JMS system.
In most cases, Session Type should be set to LOCAL, which indicates that a
local session transaction will be used. The session will be committed after
each message is received. Other possible values include AUTO, CLIENT, and
DUPS_OK..
Queue Name specifies the Destination Lookup Name for the password
synchronization events.
Click Next to display the JMS Properties dialog (Figure 9-4).
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Configuring PasswordSync
Figure 9-4
JMS Properties Dialog
The JMS Properties dialog allows you to define the set of properties that are
used to build the initial JNDI context. The following name/value pairs must be
defined:
вќЌ
вќЌ
java.naming.provider.url — The value must be set to the URL of the
machine running the JNDI service.
java.naming.factory.initial — The value must be set to the classname
(including the package) of the Initial Context Factory for the JNDI Service
Provider.
The Name pull-down menu contains a list of classes from the java.naming
package. Select a class or type in a class name, then enter its corresponding
value in the Value field.
5.
296
Click Next to display the Email dialog (Figure 9-5).
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Configuring PasswordSync
Figure 9-5
Email Dialog
The Email dialog enables you to configure whether to send an email
notification when a user’s password change does not synchronize successfully
due to a communication error or other error outside of Identity Manager.
Edit the fields as necessary.
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
Select Enable Email to enable this feature. Select Email End User if the
user is to receive notifications. Otherwise, only the administrator will be
notified.
SMTP Server is the fully qualified name or IP address of the SMTP server
to be used when sending failure notifications.
Administrator Email Address is the email address used to send
notifications.
вќЌ
Sender’s Name is the “friendly name” of the sender.
вќЌ
Sender’s Address is the email address of the sender.
вќЌ
Message Subject specifies the subject line of all notifications
вќЌ
Message Body specifies the text of the notification.
The message body may contain the following variables.
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Debugging PasswordSync
6.
•
$(accountId) — The accountId of the user attempting to change
password.
•
$(sourceEndpoint) — The host name of the domain controller where
the password notifier is installed, to help locate troubled machines.
•
$(errorMessage) — The error message that describes the error that
has occurred.
Click Finish to save your changes.
If you run the configuration application again, a set of tabs is displayed, instead of
a wizard. If you wish to display the application as a wizard, enter the following
command from the command line:
C:\InstallDir\Configure.exe -wizard
Debugging PasswordSync
This section provides details about finding information needed to diagnose
problems encountered with PasswordSync. about using the configuration tool to
enable tracing. It also lists registry keys that might be needed to debug
PasswordSync or enable features that cannot be implemented from the
configuration tool
Error Logs
PasswordSync writes all failures to the Windows Event Viewer. The source name
for error log entries is PasswordSync.
Trace Logs
When the configuration tool is run for the first time, the wizard does not include a
panel for configuring tracing. However, the Trace tab (Figure 9-6)is displayed all
subsequent times the tool is launched.
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Debugging PasswordSync
Figure 9-6
Trace Tab
The Trace Level field specifies the level of detail PasswordSync will provide when
it writes to the trace log. A value of 0 indicates that tracing is turned off, while a
value of 4 provides the most detail.
When the trace file exceeds the size specified in the Max File Size (MB) field,
PasswordSync moves the file to the basename with .bk appended. For example, if
your trace file is set to C:\logs\pwicsvc.log, and your trace level is set to 100 MB,
when the trace file exceeds 100 MB, PasswordSync renames the file
C:\logs\pwicsvc.log.bk, and writes the new data to a new
C:\logs\pwicsvc.log file.
Registry Keys
You can use the Windows Registry Editor to edit the registry keys listed in
Table 9-2 . These keys are located in:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Waveset\Lighthouse\PasswordSync
Other keys are present in this location, but they can be edited with the
configuration tool.
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Uninstalling PasswordSync
Table 9-2
Registry Keys
Key Name
Type
Description
allowInvalidCerts
REG_DWORD
If set to 1, this key sets the following flags on the .NET client:
•
SECURITY_FLAG_IGNORE_UNKNOWN_CA
•
INTERNET_FLAG_IGNORE_CERT_CN_INVALID
•
INTERNET_FLAG_IGNORE_CERT_DATE_INVALID
As a result, the client will tolerate certificates that have expired or have an
invalid CN or hostname. It only applies when SSL is being used.
This setting is useful when debugging in test environments where most of
the certificates are produced from invalid certificate authorities (CAs).
The default is 0.
clientConnectionFlags
REG_DWORD
Optional connection flags that will be passed on to the .NET SOAP client.
The default is 0.
clientSecurityFlags
REG_DWORD
Optional security flags that can be passed to the .NET SOAP client.
The default is 0.
installdir
REG_SZ
The directory where the PasswordSync application was installed.
soapClientTimeout
REG_DWORD
Timeout, in milliseconds, for a SOAP client to communicate to the Identity
Manager server before failure.
Uninstalling PasswordSync
To uninstall the PasswordSync application, go to the Windows Control Panel and
select Add or Remove Programs. Then select Sun Java System Identity Manager
PasswordSync and click Remove.
NOTE
PasswordSync can also be uninstalled (or reinstalled) by loading the
Identity Manager installation media and clicking on the
pwsync\IdmPwSync.msi icon.
You must restart your system to complete the process.
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Deploying PasswordSync
Deploying PasswordSync
To deploy PasswordSync, you must perform the following actions in Identity
Manager:
•
Configure a JMS Listener Adapter
•
Implement the Synchronize User Password Workflow
•
Set Up Notifications
Configuring a JMS Listener Adapter
Once messages are being placed on a queue indirectly by the domain controllers, a
resource adapter must be configured to accept those messages. You must create a
JMS Listener resource adapter and configure it to communicate to the queue. See
Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager Resources Reference for more information about
setting up this adapter.
You must configure the following resource parameters:
•
Destination Type — This value will typically be set to Queue. Topics are not
usually relevant because there is one subscriber and potentially multiple
publishers.
•
Initial context JNDI properties — This text box defines the set of properties
that are used to build the initial JNDI context. The following name/value pairs
must be defined:
вќЌ
вќЌ
java.naming.provider.url — The value must be set to the URI of the
machine running the JNDI service.
java.naming.factory.initial — The value must be set to the classname
(including the package) of the Initial Context Factory for the JNDI Service
Provider.
It may be necessary to define additional properties. The list of properties and
values should match those specified on the JMS settings page of the
configuration application.
•
JNDI Name of Connection factory — The name of a connection factory, as
defined on the JMS server.
•
User and Password — The account name and password of the administrator
that requests new events from the queue.
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Deploying PasswordSync
•
Reliable Messaging Support — Select LOCAL (Local Transactions). The other
options are not applicable for password synchronization.
•
Message Mapping — Enter java:com.waveset.adapter.jms.
PasswordSyncMessageMapper. This class transforms messages from the JMS
server into a format that can be used by the Synchronize User Password
workflow.
Implementing the Synchronize User Password
Workflow
The default Synchronize User Password workflow takes each request that comes in
from the JMS Listener adapter and checks out, then back in, the
ChangeUserPassword viewer. After the checkin has completed, the workflow
iterates over all the resources accounts and selects all of the resources, except the
source resource. Identity Manager notifies the user by email whether the password
change was successful on all resources.
If you want to use the default implementation of the Synchronize User Password
workflow, assign it as the process rule for the JMS Listener adapter instance.
Process rules may be assigned in the Active Sync wizard for the adapter.
If you want to modify the default Synchronize User Password workflow, copy the
$WSHOME/sample/wfpwsync.xml file and make your modifications. Then, import the
modified workflow into Identity Manager.
Some of the modifications you might want to make to the default workflow
include:
•
Which entities are notified when a password is changed.
•
What happens if an Identity Manager account cannot be found.
•
How resources are selected in the workflow.
•
Whether to allow password changes from Identity Manager
For detailed information about using workflows, see Sun Javaв„ў System Identity
Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.
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Setting Up Notifications
Identity Manager provides the Password Synchronization Notice and Password
Synchronization Failure Notice email templates. These templates inform users
whether an attempt to change passwords across multiple resources was successful.
Both templates should be updated to provide company-specific information about
what users should do if they need further assistance. See “Customizing Email
Templates” on page 142.
Configuring PasswordSync with a
Sun JMS Server
Identity Manager provides a JMS Listener adapter that enables password change
events to be queued on a JMS message server for improved reliability and
guaranteed delivery.
NOTE
See the Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager Resources Reference for
more information about this adapter.
Using a sample scenario, this section provides instructions for configuring
PasswordSync with a Sun JMS server. The information is organized as follows:
•
Overview
•
Creating and Storing Administered Objects
•
Debugging Your Configuration
Overview
This section describes the sample scenario, the Windows PasswordSync solution,
and the JMS solution.
Sample Scenario
A typical (simple) use case for configuring PasswordSync with a JMS server is to
enable users to change their passwords on Windows, have Identity Manager pick
up the new password, and then update the user accounts with the new passwords
on a Sun Directory Server.
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The following environment was configured for this scenario:
•
Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition – Active Directory
•
Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager 6.0 2005Q4M3
•
MySQL 4.1.13 running on Suse Linux 10.0
•
Tomcat 5.0.28 running on Suse Linux 10.0
•
Sun Javaв„ў System Message Queue 3.6 SP3 2005Q4 running on Suse Linux 10.0
•
Sun Javaв„ў System Directory Server 5.2 SP4 running on Suse Linux 10.0
•
Java 1.4.2
The following files were copied to the Tomcat common/lib directory to enable JMS
and JNDI:
•
jms.jar (from Sun Message Queue)
•
fscontext.jar (from Sun Message Queue)
•
imq.jar (from Sun Message Queue)
•
jndi.jar (from Java JDK)
Solution Overview
When you analyze all the components that act in the Windows PasswordSync
solution, here is what takes place:
1.
When users change their passwords on their workstations, PasswordSync
sends a password modification to the current Active Directory domain
controller and the Identity Manager password capture dll (residing on the
domain controller) captures the clear text password.
2.
The password capture dll initiates a SOAP request to the Identity Manager
SOAP request handler.
The user ID, the encrypted password, and the necessary JMS configuration
information are encapsulated in this SOAP request. For example,
Code Example 9-1
Example SOAP Request
POST /idm/servlet/rpcrouter2 HTTP/1.0
Accept: text/*
SOAPAction: "urn:lighthouse"
Content-Type: text/xml; charset=utf-8
User-Agent: VCSoapClient
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Code Example 9-1
Example SOAP Request (Continued)
Host: 192.168.1.4:8080
Content-Length: 1154
Connection: Keep-Alive
Pragma: no-cache
<soap:Envelope xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
xmlns:soapenc="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/">
<soap:Body soap:encodingStyle="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/">
<snp:queuePasswordUpdate xmlns:snp="urn:lighthouse">
<userEmailAddress xsi:nil="1"/>
<resourceAccountId>CN=John Smith,OU=people,DC=org,DC=local</resourceAccountId>
<resourceAccountGUID>b4e1c14b79d3a949a618a607dde7784d</resourceAccountGUID>
<password>zkpS8qcIJkVBWa/Frp+JqA==</password>
<accounts xsi:nil="1"/>
<resourcename xsi:nil="1"/>
<resourcetype>Windows Active Directory</resourcetype>
<clientEndpoint>W2003EE</clientEndpoint>
<jmsUser>guest</jmsUser>
<jmsPassword>guest</jmsPassword>
<queueName>cn=pwsyncDestination</queueName>
<connectionFactory>cn=pwsyncFactory</connectionFactory>
<sessionType>LOCAL</sessionType>
<JNDIProperties>java.naming.factory.initial=com.sun.jndi.ldap.LdapCtxFactory;java.naming.
provider.url=ldap://gwenig.coopsrccom:389/ou=sunmq,dc=coopsrc,dc=com</JNDIProperties>
<singleResult>true</singleResult>
</snp:queuePasswordUpdate>
</soap:Body>
</soap:Envelope>
3.
The SOAP handler receives the request and uses the JMS parameters contained
in the request to initiate a connection to the JMS Message Queue Broker. The
SOAP handler then sends a message containing the user ID and the encrypted
password (along with some other parameters to be discussed later).
For example, the SOAP handler on the Message Queue Broker sends a message
(of type MapMessage) similar to the following:
Code Example 9-2
SOAP Handler Message
password: zkpS8qcIJkVBWa/Frp+JqA==
accounts: null
resourceAccountGUID: 8f245d1490de7a4192a8821c569c9ac4
requestTimestamp: 1143639284325
queueName: cn=pwsyncDestination
jmsUser: guest
resourcetype: Windows Active Directory
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Code Example 9-2
SOAP Handler Message (Continued)
resourcename: null
JNDIProperties:
java.naming.factory.initial=com.sun.jndi.ldap.LdapCtxFactory;
java.naming.provider.url=ldap://gwenig.coopsrc.com:389/
ou=sunmq,dc=coopsrc,dc=com
connectionFactory: cn=pwsyncFactory
clientEndpoint: W2003EE
userEmailAddress: null
sessionType: LOCAL
jmsPassword: guest
resourceAccountId: CN=John Smith,OU=people,DC=org,DC=local
4.
The Message Queue Broker queues the message and the JMS Listener adapter
retrieves the message. Identity Manager can now initiate a workflow.
Figure 9-7 illustrates the configuration used in this sample scenario:
NOTE
306
Although this figure shows the SOAP handler and Identity
Manager on separate server, you can run them both on the
same server.
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Configuring PasswordSync with a Sun JMS Server
Figure 9-7
Scenario Configuration
JMS Overview
The Java Message Service (JMS) API is a messaging standard that allows
application components (based on the Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)) to
create, send, receive, and read messages. This API enables distributed
communication that is loosely coupled, reliable, and asynchronous.
To send or receive messages, a JMS client must first connect to a JMS provider,
which is often implemented as a message broker. This connection opens a channel
of communication between the client and the broker. Next, the client must set up a
session for creating, producing, and consuming messages.
JMS does not completely define the following messaging elements:
•
Connection factories — Connection factory administered objects generate
client connections to the broker. These objects encapsulate provider-specific
information that governs certain aspects of messaging behavior; such as
connection handling, client identification, message header overrides,
reliability, and flow control, and so forth. Every connection derived from a
given connection factory exhibits the behavior configured for that factory.
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•
Destinations — Destination administered objects reference physical
destinations on the broker. These objects encapsulate provider-specific naming
(address-syntax) conventions and they specify the messaging domain within
which the destination is used — queue or topic.
These two objects, rather than being created programmatically, are normally
created and configured using administration tools. They are then stored in an
object store, and accessed by a JMS client through standard JNDI lookups.
NOTE
For more information about connection factories and destinations,
refer to the Sun Javaв„ў System Message Queue Technical Overview
located at:
http://docs.sun.com/source/819-2574/intro.html
Figure 9-8 illustrates the communication flow for the sample scenario:
Figure 9-8
Scenario Communication Flow
When the SOAP handler receives a request from the Windows password capture
dll, the SOAP handler acts as a proxy to translate the SOAP request into a JMS
message. The JMS Listener adapter then receives the message and triggers the
relevant workflow.
To work with the JMS Broker, the Identity Manager SOAP handler and the Identity
Manager JMS Listener adapter must both have a connection factory and a
destination (looked up using JNDI).
The Identity Manager SOAP handler gets the necessary details in the SOAP
message (as shown previously):
Code Example 9-3
SOAP Message
<jmsUser>guest</jmsUser>
<jmsPassword>guest</jmsPassword>
<queueName>cn=pwsyncDestination</queueName>
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Code Example 9-3
SOAP Message
<connectionFactory>cn=pwsyncFactory</connectionFactory>
<sessionType>LOCAL</sessionType>
<JNDIProperties>java.naming.factory.initial=com.sun.jndi.ldap.LdapCtxFactory;java.naming.
provider.url=ldap://gwenig.coopsrc.com:389/ou=sunmq,dc=coopsrc,dc=com</JNDIProperties>
All of the following parameters (shown in the Figure 9-9 and Figure 9-10) are
provided when you install and configure PasswordSync on Windows:
Figure 9-9
JMS Settings Tab
Figure 9-10
JMS Properties Tab
These parameters are described in the following sections:
•
JMS Settings Parameters
•
JMS Properties Parameters
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JMS Settings Parameters
The JMS Settings tab contains the following parameters:
•
User and Password fields: Define the credentials to use when connecting to the
JMS broker.
•
Connection Factory field: Specify a JNDI lookup name for the connection
factory object.
•
Session Type field: Specify
•
Queue Name field: Specify a JNDI lookup name for the destination object.
In Code Example 9-4, Connection Factory and Queue Name are LDAP RDNs,
which (when coupled with the java.naming.provider.url) makes a full DN. A
simple ldapsearch shows the administered object entry:
Code Example 9-4
Connection Factory and Queue Name Example
Connection Factory:
#> ldapsearch -h gwenig.coopsrc.com -b 'dc=coopsrc,dc=com' 'cn=pwsyncfactory'
dn: cn=pwsyncFactory,ou=sunmq,dc=coopsrc,dc=com
objectClass: top
objectClass: javaContainer
objectClass: javaObject
objectClass: javaNamingReference
javaClassName: com.sun.messaging.QueueConnectionFactory
javaFactory: com.sun.messaging.naming.AdministeredObjectFactory
javaReferenceAddress: #0#version#3.0
javaReferenceAddress: #1#readOnly#false
javaReferenceAddress: #2#imqOverrideJMSPriority#false
javaReferenceAddress: #3#imqConsumerFlowLimit#1000
javaReferenceAddress: #4#imqAddressListIterations#1
javaReferenceAddress: #5#imqOverrideJMSExpiration#false
javaReferenceAddress: #6#imqConnectionType#TCP
javaReferenceAddress: #7#imqLoadMaxToServerSession#true
javaReferenceAddress: #8#imqPingInterval#30
javaReferenceAddress: #9#imqSetJMSXUserID#false
javaReferenceAddress: #10#imqConfiguredClientID#
javaReferenceAddress: #11#imqSSLProviderClassname#com.sun.net.ssl.internal.ssl.Provider
javaReferenceAddress: #12#imqJMSDeliveryMode#PERSISTENT
javaReferenceAddress: #13#imqConnectionFlowLimit#1000
javaReferenceAddress: #14#imqConnectionURL#http://localhost/imq/tunnel
javaReferenceAddress: #15#imqBrokerServiceName#
javaReferenceAddress: #16#imqJMSPriority#4
javaReferenceAddress: #17#imqBrokerHostName#localhost
javaReferenceAddress: #18#imqJMSExpiration#0
javaReferenceAddress: #19#imqAckOnProduce#
javaReferenceAddress: #20#imqEnableSharedClientID#false
javaReferenceAddress: #21#imqAckTimeout#0
javaReferenceAddress: #22#imqAckOnAcknowledge#
javaReferenceAddress: #23#imqConsumerFlowThreshold#50
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Code Example 9-4
Connection Factory and Queue Name Example (Continued)
javaReferenceAddress: #24#imqDefaultPassword#guest
javaReferenceAddress: #25#imqQueueBrowserMaxMessagesPerRetrieve#1000
javaReferenceAddress: #26#imqDefaultUsername#guest
javaReferenceAddress: #27#imqReconnectEnabled#false
javaReferenceAddress: #28#imqConnectionFlowCount#100
javaReferenceAddress: #29#imqAddressListBehavior#PRIORITY
javaReferenceAddress: #30#imqReconnectAttempts#0
javaReferenceAddress: #31#imqSetJMSXAppID#false javaReferenceAddress:
#32#imqConnectionHandler#com.sun.messaging.jmq.jmsclient.protocol.
tcp.TCPStreamHandler
javaReferenceAddress: #33#imqSetJMSXRcvTimestamp#false
javaReferenceAddress: #34#imqBrokerServicePort#0
javaReferenceAddress: #35#imqDisableSetClientID#false
javaReferenceAddress: #36#imqSetJMSXConsumerTXID#false
javaReferenceAddress: #37#imqOverrideJMSDeliveryMode#false
javaReferenceAddress: #38#imqBrokerHostPort#7676
javaReferenceAddress: #39#imqQueueBrowserRetrieveTimeout#60000
javaReferenceAddress: #40#imqSSLIsHostTrusted#true
javaReferenceAddress: #41#imqSetJMSXProducerTXID#false
javaReferenceAddress: #42#imqConnectionFlowLimitEnabled#false
javaReferenceAddress: #43#imqReconnectInterval#3000
javaReferenceAddress: #44#imqAddressList#mq://gwenig:7676/jms
javaReferenceAddress: #45#imqOverrideJMSHeadersToTemporaryDestinations#false
cn: pwsyncFactory
The Destination is as follows:
Code Example 9-5
Destination Example
#> ldapsearch -h gwenig.coopsrc.com -b 'dc=coopsrc,dc=com' 'cn=pwsyncdestination'
dn: cn=pwsyncDestination,ou=sunmq,dc=coopsrc,dc=com
objectClass: top
objectClass: javaContainer
objectClass: javaObject
objectClass: javaNamingReference
javaClassName: com.sun.messaging.Queue
javaFactory: com.sun.messaging.naming.AdministeredObjectFactory
javaReferenceAddress: #0#version#3.0
javaReferenceAddress: #1#readOnly#false
javaReferenceAddress: #2#imqDestinationName#pwsyncQueue
javaReferenceAddress: #3#imqDestinationDescription#A Description for the Destination Object
cn: pwsyncDestination
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JMS Properties Parameters
In the sample scenario, the connection factory and the destination objects reside in
an LDAP directory. The java.naming.factory.initial is the factory class value
used to create an initial JNDI context. The java.naming.provider.url holds the
name of the environment property used to specify configuration information for
the service provider being used. If you do not provide more information,
PasswordSync uses an anonymous LDAP session to retrieve the connection factory
and destination objects.
To provide the credentials and bind method, specify the following properties:
•
java.naming.security.principal: Bind DN (for example, cn=Directory
manager)
•
java.naming.security.authentication: Bind method (for example, simple)
•
java.naming.security.credentials: Password
NOTE
Figure 9-11
You must define these same settings for the JMS Listener adapter.
JMS Listener Resource Parameters Page
Figure 9-12 illustrates the process in detail:
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Retrieving Connection Factory and Destination Objects
Figure 9-12
Both the SOAP Handler and the JMS Listener adapter must search for the
connection factory and the destination in order to send/receive messages.
Creating and Storing Administered Objects
This section provides instructions for creating and storing the following
administered objects, which are required for the sample scenario to work
successfully:
•
Connection factory objects
•
Destination objects
NOTE
•
The instructions in this section assume you have installed Sun Javaв„ў System
Message Queue. (The necessary tools are located in the bin/ directory of your
Message Queue installation.)
•
You can use either the Message Queue administrative GUI (imqadmin) or the
command-line tool (imqobjmgr) to create these administered objects. The
following instructions use the command-line tool.
Storing Administered Objects in an LDAP Directory
This section provides the commands you need to store connection factory objects in
an LDAP directory.
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Storing Connection Factory Objects
Use the commands in Code Example 9-6 to store connection factory objects:
Code Example 9-6
Storing Connection Factory Objects
#> ./imqobjmgr add -l "cn=mytestFactory"
-j "java.naming.factory.initial=com.sun.jndi.ldap.LdapCtxFactory"
-j "java.naming.provider.url=ldap://gwenig.coopsrc.com:389/ou=sunmq,dc=coopsrc,dc=com"
-j "java.naming.security.principal=cn=directory manager"
-j "java.naming.security.credentials=password"
-j "java.naming.security.authentication=simple"
-t qf
-o "imqAddressList=mq://gwenig.coopsrc.com:7676/jms"
Adding a Queue Connection Factory object with the following attributes:
imqAckOnAcknowledge [Message Service Acknowledgement of Client Acknowledgements]
...
imqSetJMSXUserID [Enable JMSXUserID Message Property] false
Using the following lookup name:
cn=mytestFactory
The object's read-only state: false
To the object store specified by:
java.naming.factory.initial com.sun.jndi.ldap.LdapCtxFactory
java.naming.provider.url ldap://gwenig.coopsrc.com:389/ou=sunmq,dc=coopsrc,dc=com
java.naming.security.authentication simple
java.naming.security.credentials netscape
java.naming.security.principal cn=directory manager
Object successfully added.
Where imqAddressList defines the JMS server/broker hostname
(gwenig.coopsrc.com), port (7676) and the access method (jms).
Storing Destination Objects
Use the commands in Code Example 9-7 to store destination objects:
Code Example 9-7
Storing Destination Objects
#> ./imqobjmgr add -l "cn=mytestDestination"
-j "java.naming.factory.initial=com.sun.jndi.ldap.LdapCtxFactory"
-j "java.naming.provider.url=ldap://gwenig.coopsrc.com:389/ou=sunmq,dc=coopsrc,dc=com"
-j "java.naming.security.principal=cn=directory manager"
-j "java.naming.security.credentials=password"
-j "java.naming.security.authentication=simple"
-t q
-o "imqDestinationName=mytestDestination"
Adding a Queue object with the following attributes:
imqDestinationDescription [Destination Description] A Description for the Destination
Object imqDestinationName [Destination Name] mytestDestination
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Code Example 9-7
Storing Destination Objects
Using the following lookup name:
cn=mytestDestination
The object's read-only state: false
To the object store specified by:
java.naming.factory.initial com.sun.jndi.ldap.LdapCtxFactory
java.naming.provider.url ldap://gwenig.coopsrc.com:389/
ou=sunmq,dc=coopsrc,dc=com
java.naming.security.authentication simple
java.naming.security.credentials netscape
java.naming.security.principal cn=directory manager
Object successfully added.
NOTE
You can check the newly created object with an ldapsearch or an
ldap browser.
Storing Administered Objects in a File
This section explains how to use the command line tool to store administered
objects in a file.
Storing Connection Factory Objects
Code Example 9-8 provides the commands you need to store connection factory
objects and specify a lookup name:
Code Example 9-8
Storing Connection Factory Objects and Specifying Lookup Names
#> ./imqobjmgr add -l "mytestFactory" -j "java.naming.factory.initial=
com.sun.jndi.fscontext.RefFSContextFactory"
-j "java.naming.provider.url=file:///home/gael/tmp" -t qf -o
"imqAddressList=mq://gwenig.coopsrc.com:7676/jms"
Adding a Queue Connection Factory object with the following attributes:
imqAckOnAcknowledge [Message Service Acknowledgement of
Client Acknowledgements]
...
imqSetJMSXUserID [Enable JMSXUserID Message Property] false
Using the following lookup name:
mytestFactory
The object's read-only state: false
To the object store specified by:
java.naming.factory.initial com.sun.jndi.fscontext.RefFSContextFactory
java.naming.provider.url file:///home/gael/tmp
Object successfully added.
To specify a destination:
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Code Example 9-8
Storing Connection Factory Objects and Specifying Lookup Names
#> ./imqobjmgr add -l "mytestQueue" -j
"java.naming.factory.initial=com.sun.jndi.fscontext.RefFSContextFactory"
-j "java.naming.provider.url=file:///home/gael/tmp" -t q -o
"imqDestinationName=myTestQueue"
Adding a Queue object with the following attributes:
imqDestinationDescription [Destination Description] A Description for the Destination
Object imqDestinationName [Destination Name] myTestQueue
Using the following lookup name:
mytestQueue
The object's read-only state: false
To the object store specified by:
java.naming.factory.initial com.sun.jndi.fscontext.RefFSContextFactory
java.naming.provider.url file:///home/gael/tmp
Object successfully added.
Creating the Destination on the Broker
By default, the Sun Java System Message Queue broker allows auto-creation of the
queue destination (see config.properties, where the default value for
imq.autocreate.queue is true).
If the queue destination is not created automatically, you must create the
destination object on the broker using the command shown in Code Example 9-9
(where myTestQueue is the destination):
Code Example 9-9
Creating a Destination Object on the Broker
name (Queue name):
#> cd /opt/sun/mq/bin
#>./imqcmd create dst -t q -n mytestQueue
Username: <admin>
Password: <admin>
Creating a destination with the following attributes:
Destination Name mytestQueue
Destination Type Queue
On the broker specified by:
------------------------Host Primary Port
------------------------localhost 7676
Successfully created the destination.
You can store administered objects in a directory or in a file:
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•
In a directory: If the Identity Manager SOAP handler and the Identity Manager
server are not running on the same server in your Identity Manager
deployment, using a directory is a centralized way of storing the Connection
Factory and the Destination objects.
When you use a directory, these administered objects are stored as directory
entries.
NOTE
•
If the Identity Manager SOAP handler and the Identity
Manager server are not on the same machine, then each of them
must be able to access the .bindings file. You can repeat the
administered object creation twice (on each machine) or you can
copy the .bindings file to the proper location on each machine.
In a file: If the Identity Manager SOAP handler and Identity Manager server
are both running on the same server (or if you do not have a directory
available), you can store the administrative objects in a file.
When you use a file, both administered objects are stored in a single file
(called .bindings on both Windows and Unix), under the directory you
specified for the java.naming.provider.url (for example, file:///c:/temp on
Windows or file:///tmp on Unix).
Configuring the JMS Listener Adapter for this Scenario
The first page of the JMS Listener adapter configuration should look similar to one
in Figure 9-13:
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Figure 9-13
JMS Listener Adapter Resource Parameters Page
To configure the JMS Listener adapter:
1.
Specify java:com.waveset.adapter.jms.PasswordSyncMessageMapper in the
Message Mapping field to transform incoming JMS messages to a format that
can be used by the Synchronize User Password workflow.
2.
For this scenario, map the following attributes (which are made available to the
JMS Listener Adapter by PasswordSyncMessageMapper):
вќЌ
318
IDMAccountId: This attribute is resolved by the
PasswordSyncMessageMapper, based on the resourceAccountId and
resourceAccountGUID attributes passed in the JMS message.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Configuring PasswordSync with a Sun JMS Server
вќЌ
password: The encrypted password is received in the SOAP request and
forwarded in the JMS message.
Figure 9-14
Mapping IDMAccountId and password Account Attributes
When you configure these attribute fields in the schema map, the attributes
become available to the resource in the Attribute Mappings section of the
Active Sync Wizard (Figure 9-15).
NOTE
Figure 9-15
No identity template is provided here.
Active Sync Attribute Mappings
Configuring Active Sync
Use the Active Sync wizard for the JMS Listener with the advanced
configuration mode to configure Active Sync for this scenario.
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1.
When the Synchronization Mode screen displays (Figure 9-16), you can leave
the parameters set to their default values, and click Next to continue.
The default Synchronize User Password workflow takes each request that
comes in from the JMS Listener adapter, checks out the ChangeUserPassword
viewer, and then checks the ChangeUserPassword viewer back in.
Figure 9-16
2.
320
Synchronization Mode Screen
When the Active Sync Running Settings panel displays, you must define a
Proxy administrator (pwsyncadmin) that is associated with an empty form.
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Configuring PasswordSync with a Sun JMS Server
Figure 9-17
3.
Active Sync Running Settings Panel
For debugging purposes, set the Log Level to 4 and specify a Log File Path to
generate a verbose log file in a particular directory.
For example, the log file shown in Figure 9-17 will be saved to the
/dvlpt/Idm/pwsynctests/logs/ directory.
4.
When you are finished, click Next to continue.
5.
Do not change the default values in the next two Active Sync wizard panels.
Simply click Next until the Target Resources screen displays (Figure 9-18).
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Figure 9-18
6.
Target Resources Screen
Use the Target Resources selection tool to specify the target resources. Select
resources from the Available Resources list and click the
button to move
the resources into the Target Resources list.
For example, in this scenario you want to synchronize the Windows password
with a Sun Directory Server and you want to synchronize the Identity Manager
password.
7.
Click Next, and when the Target Attribute Mappings panel displays, select the
IDM User tab (if not already selected).
8.
On the IDM User tab, use the table to specify target attribute mappings for the
Identity Manager User.
For example, password and accountID are defined in Figure 9-19:
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Figure 9-19
9.
Defining password and accountID
When you are finished, click Add Mapping.
10. Select the LDAP-kosig tab to define the target attribute mappings for the
Sun Directory (Figure 9-20):
Figure 9-20
Defining Target Attribute Mappings for Sun Directory
11. When you are finished, click Add Mapping, and then save your changes.
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Debugging Your Configuration
You can use the Windows PasswordSync Configuration application to debug the
Windows side of your configuration.
1.
Start the PasswordSync configuration application, if it is not already running.
By default, the configuration application is installed at Program Files > Sun
Java System Identity Manager PasswordSync > Configuration.
2.
When the PasswordSync Configuration dialog displays, click the Test button.
3.
The Test Connection dialog (Figure 9-21) displays, with a message stating
whether the test connection completed successfully.
Figure 9-21
Test Connection Dialog
4.
Click Close to close the Test Connection dialog.
5.
Click OK to close the PasswordSync Configuration dialog.
The JMS Listener adapter then runs in debug mode, and generates debug
information in a file, similar to the one in Figure 9-22:
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Failover Deployment for PasswordSync
Figure 9-22
Debug Information File
Failover Deployment for PasswordSync
PasswordSync’s architecture provides for the elimination of any single point of
failure in the Windows password synchronization deployment for Identity
Manager.
If you configure each Active Directory Domain Controller (ADC) to connect to one
in a series of JMS clients through a Load Balancer (see Figure 9-23), the JMS clients
can send messages to a Message Queue Broker cluster, which ensures that no
messages will be lost if any Message Queue fails.
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Failover Deployment for PasswordSync
Figure 9-23
Failover Deployment for PasswordSync
NOTE
Your Message Queue cluster probably requires a database for
persistence of messages. (Instructions for configuring a Message
Queue broker cluster should be provided in your vendor’s product
documentation.)
The Identity Manager server that is running the JMS Listener adapter configured
for automatic failover will contact the Message Queue broker cluster. Although the
adapter executes on only one Identity Manager at a time, if the primary ActiveSync
server fails, the adapter will begin polling for password-related messages on a
secondary Identity Manager server and propagating password changes out to
downstream resources.
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Frequently Asked Questions about PasswordSync
Frequently Asked Questions about
PasswordSync
Can PasswordSync be implemented without a Java Messaging
Service?
Yes, but doing so eliminates the advantages of using a JMS to track password
change events.
To implement PasswordSync without a JMS, launch the configuration application
with the following flag:
Configure.exe -direct
When the -direct flag is specified, the configuration application displays the User
tab. Configure PasswordSync using the procedures described in “Configuring
PasswordSync” on page 293, with the following exceptions:
•
Do not configure the JMS Settings and JMS Properties tabs.
•
In the User tab, specify the account ID and password that will be used to
connect to Identity Manager.
If you implement PasswordSync without a JMS, you do not need to create a JMS
Listener adapter. Therefore, you should omit the procedures listed in “Deploying
PasswordSync” on page 301. If you want to set up notifications, you may need to
alter the Change User Password workflow.
NOTE
If you subsequently run the configuration application without
specifying the -direct flag, PasswordSync will require a JMS to be
configured. Relaunch the application with the -direct flag to
bypass the JMS again.
Can PasswordSync be used in conjunction with other Windows
password filters that are used to enforce custom password policies?
Yes, you can use PasswordSync in conjunction with other _WINDOWS_ password
filters. It must, however, be the last password filter listed in the Notification
Package registry value.
You must use this Registry path:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa\Notification
Packages (value of type REG_MULTI_SZ)
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By default, the installer places the Identity Manager password intercept at the end
of the list, but if you installed the custom password filter after the installation, you
will be required to move lhpwic to the end of the Notification Packages list.
You can use PasswordSync in conjunction with other Identity Manager password
policies. When policies are checked on the Identity Manager server side, all
resource password policies must pass in order for the password synchronization to
be pushed out to other resources. Consequently, you should make the Windows
native password policy as restrictive as the most restrictive password policy
defined in Identity Manager.
NOTE
The password intercept DLL does not enforce any password
policies.
Can the PasswordSync servlet be installed on a different application
server than Identity Manager?
Yes. The PasswordSync servlet requires the spml.jar and idmcommon.jar JAR files,
in addition to any JAR files required by the JMS application.
Does the PasswordSync service send passwords over to the lh
server in clear text?
Although we recommend running PasswordSync over SSL, all sensitive data is
encrypted before being sent to the Identity Manager server.
Sometimes password changes result in
com.waveset.exception.ItemNotLocked?
If you enable PasswordSync, a password change (even one initiated from the user
interface), will result in a password change on the resource, which causes the
resource to contact Identity Manager.
If you configure the passwordSyncThreshold workflow variable correctly, Identity
Manager examines the user object and decides that it has already handled the
password change. However, if the user or the administrator makes another
password change for the same user, at the same time, the user object could be
locked.
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Chapter 10
Security
This chapter provides information about Identity Manager security features, and
details steps you can take to further reduce security risks.
Review the following topics to learn more about managing system security with
Identity Manager.
•
Security Features
•
Limiting Concurrent Login Sessions
•
Password Management
•
Pass-through Authentication
•
Configuring Authentication for Common Resources
•
Configuring X509 Certificate Authentication
•
Cryptographic Use and Management
•
Managing Server Encryption
•
Security Practices
329
Security Features
Security Features
Identity Manager helps reduce security risks by providing the following features:
•
Instant disabling of account access – Identity Manager lets you disable
organizations or individual access rights with a single action.
•
Login session limitations — You can set limitations on concurrent login sessions.
•
Active risk analysis – Identity Manager scans constantly for security risks such
as inactive accounts and suspicious password activity.
•
Comprehensive password management – Complete and flexible password
management capabilities ensure complete access control.
•
Auditing and reporting to monitor access activities – You can run a full range of
reports to deliver targeted information on access activities. (See Chapter 7,
“Reporting” for more information about reporting features.)
•
Granular Administrative-privilege controls — You can grant and manage
administrative control in Identity Manager by assigning a single Capability to
a user or a range of administrative duties defined through Admin Roles.
•
Server key encryption – Identity Manager allows you to create and manage
server encryption keys through the Tasks area.
In addition, system architecture seeks to reduce security risks wherever possible.
For example, once logged out, you cannot access previously visited pages through
your browser’s Back feature.
Limiting Concurrent Login Sessions
By default, an Identity Manager user can have concurrent login sessions. However,
you can limit concurrent sessions to one per login application by changing the
value of the security.authn.singleLoginSessionPerApp configuration attribute
in the system configuration object. This attribute is an object that contains one
attribute for each login application name (for example, the Administrator Interface,
User Interface, or Identity Manager IDE). Changing the value of this attribute to
true enforces a single login session for each user.
If enforced, then a user can log in to more than one session; however, only the last
logged-in session remains active and valid. If the user performs an action on an
invalid session, then he is automatically forced off the session and the session
terminates.
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Password Management
Password Management
Identity Manager offers password management at multiple levels:
•
Administrative change management
вќЌ
вќЌ
•
•
Change a user’s password from multiple locations (Edit User, Find User,
or Change Password pages)
Change passwords on any one of a user’s resources with granular resource
selection
Administrative password resets
вќЌ
Generate random passwords
вќЌ
Display passwords to the end user or the administrator
User change password
вќЌ
Provide self-service to the end user for password changes at
http://localhost:8080/idm/user
вќЌ
•
User update data
вќЌ
•
Set up any user schema attribute to be managed by the end user
User access recovery
вќЌ
вќЌ
•
Optionally customize the self-service page to match the end user’s
environment
Use authentication answers to grant a user access to change his password
Use pass-through authentication to grant a user access by using one of
several passwords
Password policies
вќЌ
Use rules to define password parameters
Pass-through Authentication
Use pass-through authentication to grant user and administrator access through
one or more different passwords. Identity Manager manages authentication
through the implementation of:
•
Login applications (collection of login module groups)
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Pass-through Authentication
•
Login module groups (ordered set of login modules)
•
Login modules (sets authentication for each assigned resource and specify one of
several success requirements for authentication)
About Login Applications
Login applications define a collection of login module groups, which further define
the set and order of login modules that will be used when a user logs in to Identity
Manager. Each login application comprises one or more login module groups.
At login, the login application checks its set of login module groups. If only one
login module group is set, then it is used, and its contained login modules are
processed in the group-defined order. If the login application has more than one
defined login module group, then Identity Manager checks the login constraint rules
applied to each login module group to determine which group to process.
Login Constraint Rules
Login constraint rules are applied to the login module groups defined in a login
application. For each set of login module groups in a login application, only one
cannot have a login constraint rule applied to it.
When determining which login module group of a set to process, Identity Manager
evaluates the first login module group's constraint rule. If it succeeds, then it
processes that login module group. If it fails, then it evaluates each login module
group in turn, until a constraint rule succeeds or a login module group with no
constraint rule is evaluated (and subsequently used).
NOTE
If a login application will contain more than one login module
group, then the login module group with no login constraint rules
should be placed in the last position of the set.
Example Login Constraint Rule
In the following example of a location-based login constraint rule, the rule gets the
IP address of the requester from the header, and then checks to see if it is located on
the 192.168 network. If 192.168. is found in the IP address, then the rule will return
a value of true, and this login module group is selected.
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Pass-through Authentication
Code Example 10-1
Location-Based Login Constraint Rule
<Rule authType='LoginConstraintRule' name='Sample On Local Network'>
<match>
<ref>remoteAddr</ref>
<s>192.168.</s>
</match>
<MemberObjectGroups>
<ObjectRef type='ObjectGroup' name='All'/>
</MemberObjectGroups>
</Rule>
Editing Login Applications
From the menu bar, select Configure, and then select Login to access the Login
page.
The login application list shows:
•
Each Identity Manager login application (interface) defined
•
Login module groups comprising the login application
•
The Identity Manager session timeout limits set for each login application
From the Login page you can:
•
Create custom login applications
•
Delete custom login applications
•
Manage login module groups
To edit a login application, select it from the list.
Setting Identity Manager Session Limits
From the Modify Login Application page, you can set a timeout value (limits) for
each Identity Manager login session. Select hours, minutes, and seconds, and then
click Save. The limits you establish display in the login application list.
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Pass-through Authentication
You can set session timeouts for each Identity Manager login application. When a
user logs in to an Identity Manager application, then the currently configured
session timeout value is used to compute the future date and time when the user’s
session will time out due to inactivity. This computed date is then stored with the
user’s Identity Manager session so that it is available to be checked each time a
request is made.
If a login administrator changes a login application session timeout value, then that
value will be in effect for all future logins. Existing sessions will time out based on
the value in effect when the user logged in.
Values set for http timeout affect all Identity Manager applications and take
precedence over the login application session timeout value.
Disabling Access to Applications
From the Create Login Application and Modify Login Application pages, you can
select the Disable option to disable a login application, thereby preventing users
from logging in. If a user tries to log in to a disabled application, then the interface
redirects him to an alternate page, indicating that the application is currently
disabled. You can edit the message that displays on this page by editing the custom
catalog.
Login applications remain disabled until you de-select the option. As a safeguard,
you cannot disable administrator login.
Editing Login Module Groups
The login module group list shows:
•
Each Identity Manager login module group defined
•
Login modules that each login module group contains
•
Whether a login module group contains constraint rules
From the Login Module Groups page you can create, edit, and delete login module
groups. Select one of the login module groups from the list to edit it.
Editing Login Modules
Enter details or make selections for login modules as follows. (Not all options are
available for each login module.)
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•
Login success requirement — Select a requirement that applies to this module.
Selections are:
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•
Required — The login module is required to succeed. Irrespective of
whether it succeeds or fails, authentication proceeds to the next login
module in the list. If it is the only login module, the administrator is
successfully logged in.
Requisite — The login module is required to succeed. If it succeeds,
authentication proceeds to the next login module in the list. If it fails,
authentication does not proceed.
Sufficient — The login module is not required to succeed. If it does
succeed, authentication does not proceed to the next login module, and the
administrator is successfully logged in. If it fails, authentication continues
to the next login module in the list.
Optional — The login module is not required to succeed. Irrespective of
whether it succeeds or fails, authentication continues to the next login
module in the list.
Login search attributes — (LDAP only) Specify an ordered list of LDAP user
attribute names to be used when attempting to bind (log in) to the associated
LDAP server. Each of the LDAP user attributes specified, along with the user's
specified login name, is used (in order) to search for a matching LDAP user.
This allows a user to log in to Identity Manager, when configured for
pass-through to LDAP, via an LDAP cn or email address.
For example, if you specify:
cn
mail
and the user attempts to log in as gwilson, then the LDAP resource will first
attempt to find an LDAP user where cn=gwilson. If that succeeds, then the
bind is attempted with the password specified by the user. If it does not
succeed, then the LDAP resource will search for an LDAP user where
mail=gwilson. If that also fails, then login fails.
If you do not specify a value, then the default LDAP search attributes are:
uid
cn
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Configuring Authentication for Common Resources
•
Login correlation rule — Select a login correlation rule to be used to map the
login information provided by the user to an Identity Manager user. This rule
is used to search for an Identity Manager user by using the logic specified in
the rule. The rule must return a list of one or more AttributeConditions that
will be used to search for an Identity Manager user that matches. The rule you
select must have the LoginCorrelationRule authType.
•
New user name rule — Select a new user name rule to be used when
automatically creating new Identity Manager users as part of login.
Click Save to save a login module. Once it is saved, you can place the module
relative to all other modules in the login module group.
CAUTION
If Identity Manager login is configured to authenticate to more than
one system, an account's user ID and password should be the same
across all systems that are targets of Identity Manager
authentication.
If the user ID and password combinations differ, login will fail on each system
whose user ID and password do not match the user ID and password entered on
the Identity Manager User Login form. Some of these systems may have a lockout
policy enforcing the number of failed login attempts before an account is locked;
for these systems, user accounts will eventually be locked, even though the user's
login via Identity Manager continues to succeed.
Configuring Authentication for Common
Resources
If you have more than one resource that is physically or logically the same (for
example, two resources defined for the same physical host, or several resources
that represent trusted domain servers in an NT or AD domain environment), then
you can specify that set of resources in the system configuration object as common
resources.
By establishing resources as common, you allow a user to authenticate to one of the
common resources, but be mapped to his associated Identity Manager user by
using another of the common resources. For example, a user may have a resource
account linked to his Identity Manager user for resource AD-1. The login module
group may define that users must authenticate to resource AD-2. If AD-1 and AD-2
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are defined as common resources (in this case, in the same trusted domain), then if
the user successfully authenticates to AD-2, Identity Manager can map to the
associated Identity Manager user by finding a user with the same accountId on
resource AD-1.
The format for specifying this system configuration object attribute is shown in the
following example:
Code Example 10-2
Configuring Authentication for Common Resources
<Attribute name=’common resources’>
<Attribute name=’Common Resource Group Name’>
<List>
<String>Common Resource Name</String>
<String>Common Resource Name</String>
</List
</Attribute>
</Attribute>
Configuring X509 Certificate Authentication
Use the following information and procedures to configure X509 Certificate
Authentication for Identity Manager.
Prerequisites
To support X509 certificate-based authentication in Identity Manager, ensure that
two-way (client and server) SSL authentication is configured properly. From the
client perspective, this means that an X509-compliant user certificate should have
been imported into the browser (or be available through a smart card reader), and
that the trusted certificate used to sign the user certificate should be imported into
the Web application server’s keystore of trusted certificates.
Also, the client certificate used must be selected for client authentication. To verify
this:
1.
Using Internet Explorer, select Tools, and then select Internet Options.
2.
Select the Content tab.
3.
In the Certificates area, click Certificates.
4.
Select the client certificate, and then click Advanced.
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5.
In the Certificate Purposes area, verify that the Client Authentication option is
selected.
Configuring X509 Certificate Authentication in
Identity Manager
To configure Identity Manager for X509 certificate authentication:
1.
Log in to the Administrator Interface as Configurator (or with equivalent
permissions).
2.
Select Configure, and then select Login to display the Login page.
3.
Click Manage Login Module Groups to displays the Login Module Groups
page.
4.
Select a login module group from the list.
5.
Select Identity Manager X509 Certificate Login Module from the Assign Login
Module... list. Identity Manager displays the Modify Login Module page.
6.
Set the login success requirement. Acceptable values are:
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Required — The login module is required to succeed. Irrespective of
whether it succeeds or fails, authentication proceeds to the next login
module in the list. If it is the only login module, the administrator is
successfully logged in.
Requisite — The login module is required to succeed. If it succeeds,
authentication proceeds to the next login module in the list. If it fails,
authentication does not proceed.
Sufficient — The login module is not required to succeed. If it does
succeed, authentication does not proceed to the next login module, and the
administrator is successfully logged in. If it fails, authentication continues
to the next login module in the list.
Optional — The login module is not required to succeed. Irrespective of
whether it succeeds or fails, authentication continues to the next login
module in the list.
7.
Select a login correlation rule. This could be a built-in rule or a custom
correlation rule. (See the following section for information about creating
custom correlation rules.)
8.
Click Save to return to the Modify Login Module Group page.
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9.
Optionally, reorder the login modules (if more than one login module is
assigned to the login module group, and then click Save.
10. Assign the login module group to a login application if it is not yet assigned.
From the Login Module Groups page, click Return to Login Applications, and
then select a login application. After assigning a login module group to the
application, click Save.
NOTE
If the allowLoginWithNoPreexistingUser option is set to a value of
true in the waveset.properties file, then when configuring the
Identity Manager X509 Certificate Login Module, you are prompted
to select a New User Name Rule. This rule is used to determine how
to name new users created when one is not found by the associated
Login Correlation Rule.
The New User Name Rule has the same available input arguments
as the Login Correlation Rule. It returns a single string, which is the
user name used to create the new Identity Manager user
account.
A sample new user name rule is included in idm/sample/rules,
named NewUserNameRules.xml.
Creating and Importing a Login Configuration
Rule
A Login Correlation Rule is used by the Identity Manager X509 Certificate Login
Module to determine how to map the certificate data to the appropriate Identity
Manager user. Identity Manager includes one built-in correlation rule, named
Correlate via X509 Certificate subjectDN.
You can also add your own correlation rules. Each correlation rule must follow
these guidelines:
•
Its authType attribute must be set to LoginCorrelationRule. (Set
authType=’LoginCorrelationRule’ in the <LoginCorrelationRule> element.)
•
It is expected to return an instance of a list of AttributeConditions to be used
by the login module to find the associated Identity Manager user. For example,
the login correlation rule might return an AttributeCondition that searches
for the associated Identity Manager user by email address.
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Arguments passed to login configuration rules are:
•
Standard X509 certificate fields (such as subjectDN, issuerDN, and valid dates)
•
Critical and non-critical extension properties
The naming convention for certificate arguments passed to the login correlation
rule is:
cert.field name.subfield name
Example argument names that are available to the rule include:
•
cert.subjectDN
•
cert.issuerDN
•
cert.notValidAfter
•
cert.notValidBefore
•
cert.serialNumber
The login configuration rule, using the passed-in arguments, returns a list of one or
more AttributeConditions. These are used by the Identity Manager X509
Certificate Login Module to find the associated Identity Manager user.
A sample login correlation rule is included in idm/sample/rules, named
LoginCorrelationRules.xml.
After creating a custom correlation rule, you must import it into Identity Manager.
From the Administrator Interface, select Configure, and then select Import
Exchange File to use the file import facility.
Testing the SSL Connection
To test the SSL connection, go to the configured application interface’s URL via SSL
(for example, https//idm007:7002/idm/user/login.jsp). You are notified that you
are entering a secure site, and then prompted to specify which personal certificate
to send to the Web server.
Diagnosing Problems
Problems authenticating via X509 certificates should be reported as error messages
on the login form. For more complete diagnostics, enable trace on the Identity
Manager server for these classes and levels:
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•
com.waveset.session.SessionFactory 1
•
com.waveset.security.authn.WSX509CertLoginModule 1
•
com.waveset.security.authn.LoginModule 1
If the client certificate attribute is named something other than
javaxservlet.request.X509Certificate in the http request, then you will
receive a message that this attribute cannot be found in the http request. To correct
this:
1.
Enable trace for SessionFactory to see the complete list of http attributes and
determine the name of the X509Certificate.
2.
Use the Identity Manager debug facility to edit the LoginConfig object.
3.
Change the name of the <AuthnProperty> in the <LoginConfigEntry> for the
Identity Manager X509 Certificate Login Module to the correct name.
4.
Save, and then retry.
You may also need to remove, and then re-add the Identity Manager X509
Certificate Login Module in the login application.
Cryptographic Use and Management
Cryptography is used to ensure the confidentiality and integrity of server data in
memory and in the repository, as well as all data transmitted between the server
and gateway.
The following sections provide more information about how cryptography is used
and managed in the Identity Manager Server and Gateway, and addresses
questions about server and gateway encryption keys.
Cryptographically Protected Data
The following table shows the types of data that are cryptographically protected in
the Identity Manager product, including the ciphers used to protect each type of
data.
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Table 10-1
Cryptographically-Protected Data Types
NIST
Triple DES
168-bit key
(DESede/ECB/NoPadding)
PKCS#5
Password-Based Crypto
56-bit key
(PBEwithMD5andDES)
Server encryption keys
default
configuration option1
Gateway encryption keys
default
configuration option1
RSA
MD5
Data Type
Policy dictionary words
yes
User passwords
yes
User password history
yes
User answers
yes
Resource passwords
yes
Resource password history
All payload between server
and gateways
yes
yes
1. Configure via the System Configuration object via the pbeEncrypt attribute or the
Manage Server Encryption task.
Server Encryption Key Questions and Answers
Read the following sections for answers to frequently asked questions about server
encryption key source, location, maintenance, and use.
Where do server encryption keys come from?
Server encryption keys are symmetric, triple-DES 168-bit keys. There are two types
of keys supported by the server:
•
Default key — This key is compiled into the server code.
•
Randomly generated key — This key can be generated at initial server startup,
or any time the security of the current key is in question.
Where are server encryption keys maintained?
Server encryption keys are objects maintained in the repository. There can be many
data encryption keys in any given repository.
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How does the server know which key to use for decryption and
re-encryption of encrypted data?
Each piece of encrypted data stored in the repository is prefixed by the ID of the
server encryption key that was used to encrypt it. When an object containing
encrypted data is read into memory, Identity Manager uses the server encryption
key associated with the ID prefix on the encrypted data to decrypt, and then
re-encrypt with the same key if the data changed.
How do I update server encryption keys?
Identity Manager provides a task called Manage Server Encryption. This task
allows an authorized security administrator to perform several key management
tasks, including:
•
Generating a new "current" server key
•
Re-encrypting existing objects, by type, containing encrypted data with the
"current" server key
See Managing Server Encryption in this chapter for more information about how to
use this task.
What happens to existing encrypted data if the "current" server key is
changed?
Nothing. Existing encrypted data will still be decrypted or re-encrypted with the
key referenced by the ID prefix on the encrypted data. If a new server encryption
key is generated and set to be the "current" key, any new data to be encrypted will
use the new server key.
To avoid multikey issues, as well as to maintain a higher level of data integrity, use
the Manage Server Encryption task to re-encrypt all existing encrypted data with
the "current" server encryption key.
What happens when you import encrypted data for which an
encryption key is not available?
If you import an object that contains encrypted data, but that data was encrypted
with a key that is not in the repository into which it is being imported, then the data
will be imported, but not decrypted.
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How are server keys protected?
If the server is not configured to use password-based encryption (PBE) - PKCS#5
encryption (set in the System Configuration object via the pbeEncrypt attribute or
the Manage Server Encryption task), then the default key is used to encrypt the
server keys. The default key is the same for all Identity Manager installations.
If the server is configured to use PBE encryption, then a PBE key is generated each
time the server is started. The PBE key is generated by providing a password,
generated from a server-specific secret, to the PBEwithMD5andDES cipher. The
PBE key is maintained only in memory and never persisted. In addition, the PBE
key is the same for all servers sharing a common repository.
To enable PBE encryption of server keys, the cipher PBEwithMD5andDES must be
available. Identity Manager does not package this cipher by default, but it is a
PKCS#5 standard that is available in many JCE providers implementations, such as
those provided by Sun and IBM.
Can I export the server keys for safe external storage?
Yes. If the server keys are PBE encrypted, then before they are exported, they will
be decrypted and re-encrypted with the default key. This allows them to be
imported to the same or another server at a later date, independent of the local
server PBE key. If the server keys are encrypted with the default key, then no
pre-processing is done before they are exported.
When they are imported into a server, if the server is configured for PBE keys, the
keys will be decrypted and then re-encrypted with the local server's PBE key, if
that server is configured for PBE key encryption.
What data is encrypted between the server and gateway?
All data (payload) transmitted between the server and gateway is triple-DES
encrypted with a randomly generated, per server-gateway session symmetric 168
bit key.
Gateway Key Questions and Answers
Read the following sections for answers to frequently asked questions about
gateway source, storage, distribution, and protection.
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Where do the gateway keys come from to encrypt or decrypt data?
Each time an Identity Manager Server connects to a gateway, the initial handshake
will generate a new random 168-bit, triple-DES session key. This key will be used
to encrypt or decrypt all subsequent data transmitted between that server and that
gateway. There is a unique session key generated for each server/gateway pair.
How are gateway keys distributed to the gateways?
Session keys are randomly generated by the server and then securely exchanged
between server and gateway by encrypting them with the shared secret master key
as part of the initial server-to-gateway handshake.
At initial handshake time, the server queries the gateway to determine which mode
it supports. The gateway can operate in two modes
•
Default mode — Initial server-to-gateway protocol handshake is encrypted
with the default 168 bit triple-DES key, which is compiled into the server code.
•
Secure mode — A per shared repository, random, 168-bit key, triple-DES
gateway key is generated and communicated from the server to the gateway as
part of the initial handshake protocol. This gateway key is stored in the server
repository like other encryption keys, and also stored by the gateway in its
local registry.
When in secure mode and a server contacts a gateway, the server will encrypt
test data with the gateway key and send it to the gateway. The gateway will
then attempt to decrypt the test data, add some gateway unique data to the test
data, re-encrypt both, and send the data back to the server. If the server can
successfully decrypt the test data and the gateway unique data, the server will
then generate the server-gateway unique session key, encrypt it with the
gateway key and send it to the gateway. Upon receipt, the gateway will
decrypt the session key and retain it for use for the life of the server-to-gateway
session. If the server cannot successfully decrypt the test data and gateway
unique data, the server will encrypt the gateway key using the default key and
send it to the gateway. The gateway will decrypt the gateway key using its
compiled in default key and store the gateway key in its registry. The server
will then encrypt the server-gateway unique session key with the gateway key
and send it to the gateway for use for the life of the server-to-gateway session.
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From that point forward, the gateway will only accept requests from servers
that have encrypted the session key with its gateway key. On startup, the
gateway checks the registry for a key. If there is one, it will use it. If there is not
one, it will use the default key. Once the gateway has a key set in the registry, it
will no longer allow sessions to be established using the default key. This will
prevent someone from setting up a rogue server and establishing a connection
to a gateway.
Can I update the gateway keys used to encrypt or decrypt the
server-to-gateway payload?
Identity Manager provides a task called Manage Server Encryption that allows an
authorized security administrator to do several key management tasks, including
generate a new "current" gateway key and update all gateways with the "current"
gateway key. This is the key that is used to encrypt the per-session key used to
protect all payload transmitted between server and gateway. The newly generated
gateway key will be encrypted with either the default key or PBE key, depending
on the value of the pbeEncrypt attribute in the System Configuration.
Where are the gateway keys stored on the server, on the gateway?
On the server, the gateway key is stored in the repository just like server keys. On
the gateway, the gateway key is stored in a local registry key.
How are gateway keys protected?
The gateway key is protected the same way server keys are. If the server is
configured to use PBE encryption, the gateway key will be encrypted with a PBE
generated key. If the option is false, it will be encrypted with the default key. See
the previous section titled How are server keys protected? for more information.
Can I export the gateway key for safe external storage?
The gateway key can be exported via the Manage Server Encryption task, just as
with server keys. See the previous section titled Can I export the server keys for
safe external storage? for more information.
How are server and gateway keys destroyed?
Server and gateway keys are destroyed by deleting them from the server
repository. Note that a key should not be deleted as long as any server data is still
encrypted with that key or any gateway is still relying on that key. Use the Manage
Server Encryption task to re-encrypt all server data with the current server key and
to synchronize the current gateway key to all gateways to ensure no old keys are
still being used before they are deleted.
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Managing Server Encryption
The Identity Manager server encryption feature allows you to create new 3DES
server encryption keys, as shown in the following figure, and then encrypt these
keys by using 3DES or PKCS#5 encryption. Only users with Security Administrator
capabilities can run the Manage Server Encryption task, which is accessed from the
Server Tasks tab.
Figure 10-1
Manage Server Encryption Task
Select Run Tasks, and then select Manage Server Encryption from the list to
configure this information for the task:
•
Update encryption of server encryption keys — Select to specify whether
server encryption keys will be encrypted by using default (3DES) encryption or
PKCS#5 encryption. When you select this option, two encryption choices
appear (Default and PKCS#5); select one.
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•
Generate new server encryption key and set as current server encryption
key — Select to generate a new server encryption key. Each piece of encrypted
data generated after you make this selection is encrypted with this key.
Generating a new server encryption key does not affect the key applied to
existing encrypted data.
•
Select object types to re-encrypt with current server encryption key — Select
one or more Identity Manager object types (such as resources or users) to
re-encrypt with the current encryption key.
•
Manage Gateway Keys — When selected, the page displays these gateway key
options:
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•
348
Synchronize all gateways with current gateway key
Select to synchronize any new gateways, or gateways that have not
communicated the new gateway key. Select this option if you had a
gateway that was down when all gateways were synchronized with the
current gateway key, or when you want to force a key update for a new
gateway.
Export server encryption keys for backup — Select to export existing server
encryption keys to an XML-formatted file. When you select this option,
Identity Manager displays an additional field for you to specify a path and file
name to export the keys.
NOTE
•
Generate a new key and synchronize all gateways
Select this option when initially enabling a secure gateway environment.
This option generates a new gateway key and communicates it to all
gateways.
If you are using PKCS#5 encryption and you choose to generate and
set a new server encryption key, you should also select this option.
In addition, you should store the exported keys on removable media
and in a secure location (not on a network).
Execution Mode — Select whether to run this task in the background (the
default option) or in the foreground. If you choose to re-encrypt one or more
object types with a newly generated key, this task can take some time and is
best run in the background.
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Security Practices
Security Practices
As an Identity Manager administrator, you can further reduce security risks to
your protected accounts and data by following these recommendations, at setup
time and after.
At Setup
You should:
•
Access Identity Manager through a secure Web server using https.
•
Reset the passwords for the default Identity Manager administrator accounts
(Administrator and Configurator). To further protect the security of these
accounts, you can rename them.
•
Limit access to the Configurator account.
•
Limit administrators’ capability sets to only those actions needed for their job
functions, and limit administrator capabilities by setting up organizational
hierarchies.
•
Change the default password for the Identity Manager Index Repository.
•
Turn on auditing to track activities in the Identity Manager application.
•
Edit the permissions on files in the Identity Manager directory.
•
Customize workflows to insert approvals or other checkpoints.
•
Develop a recovery procedure to describe how to recover your Identity
Manager environment in the event of emergency.
During Use
You should:
•
Periodically change the passwords for the default Identity Manager
administrator accounts (Administrator and Configurator).
•
Log out of Identity Manager when not actively using the system.
•
Set or know the default timeout period for an Identity Manager session.
Session timeout values may differ, as they can be set independently for each
login application.
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If your application server is Servlet 2.2-compliant, the Identity Manager installation
process sets the http session timeout to a default value of 30 minutes. You can
change this value by editing the property; however, you should set the value lower
to increase security. Do not set the value higher than 30 minutes.
To change the session timeout value:
1.
Edit the web.xml file, which is located in the
idm/WEB-INF directory in your application server directory tree.
2.
Change the number value in the following lines:
<session-config>
<session-timeout>30</session-timeout>
</session-config>
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Chapter 11
Identity Auditing
This chapter describes the features in Identity Manager that enable you to set up
audit controls to monitor and manage auditing and compliance across enterprise
information systems and applications.
About Identity Auditing
Identity Manager defines auditing as the systematic capture, analysis, and response
to Identity data across an enterprise to ensure compliance with internal and
external policies and regulations.
Compliance with accounting and data privacy legislation is not a simple task.
Identity Manager’s auditing features offer a flexible approach, allowing you to
implement a compliance solution that works for your enterprise.
In most environments, different groups are involved with compliance: internal and
external auditing teams (for whom auditing is the primary focus); and
non-auditing staff (who may see auditing as a distraction). IT often is involved
with compliance as well, helping transition internal auditing team requirements to
a chosen solution’s implementation. The key to successfully implementing an
auditing solution is in accurately capturing the knowledge, controls, and processes
of non-auditing staff, and then automating the application of that information.
The features described in this chapter focus on how to conduct audit reviews and
implement practices that help you maintain security controls and manage
compliance with federally mandated regulations.
In this chapter, you will learn about the following concepts and tasks:
•
Goals of Identity Auditing
•
Understanding Identity Auditing
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Goals of Identity Auditing
•
Enabling Audit Logging
•
Administrator Interface Compliance Area
•
About Audit Policies
•
Working with Audit Policies
•
Assigning Audit Policies
•
Audit Policy Scans and Reports
•
Compliance Violation Remediation and Mitigation
•
Periodic Access Reviews and Attestation
•
Identity Auditing Tasks Reference
Goals of Identity Auditing
The identity auditing solution facilitates improved audit performance by:
•
Automatically detecting compliance violations, facilitating swift remediation through
immediate notification
Identity Manager audit policy features let you define rules (criteria) for
violations. Once defined, the system scans for conditions that violate
established policies, such as unauthorized access changes or erroneous access
privileges. Upon detection, the system notifies the appropriate persons
according to a defined escalation chain. User-invoked tasks, or workflows that
are automatically invoked by policy violations, can then remediate (correct) the
violation.
•
Providing key information, on demand, about the effectiveness of internal audit
controls
The Auditor Reports provide summary status information about violations
and exceptions for quick analysis of risk status. The Reports tab also provides
graphical reports of violations. View violations by resource, organization, or
policy, customizing each chart according to the report characteristics you
define.
•
Automating certification reviews of identity controls to reduce operational risk
Workflow capabilities enable automated notification of policy and access
violations to selected reviewers.
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•
Preparing comprehensive reports that detail user activity and meet regulatory
requirements
The Reports area lets you define detailed reports and charts that provide
information on access history and privileges, and other policy violations. The
system keeps a secure and comprehensive identity audit trail that can be
mined, through reporting capabilities, for access data and user profile updates.
•
Streamlining the process of periodic reviews to maintain security and regulatory
compliance
Periodic access reviews can be conducted to collect user entitlement records
and determine which entitlements require review. The process then notifies
designated attestors of pending requests for review and updates the status or
pending requests when attestor actions on the requests are completed.
•
Identifying potential conflict-of-interest capabilities for user accounts
Identity Manager provides a Separation of Duties report that identifies users
with specific capabilities or privileges that could be a potential conflict of
interest.
Understanding Identity Auditing
Identity Manager provides two distinct features for auditing user account
privileges and access rights, and maintaining and certifying compliance. These
features are policy-based compliance and periodic access reviews.
Policy-Based Compliance
Identity Manager employs an audit policy system that allows administrators to
maintain compliance of company-established requirements for all user accounts.
You can use audit policies to ensure compliance in two different and
complementary ways: continuous compliance and periodic compliance.
These two techniques are particularly complementary in an environment in which
provisioning operations may be performed outside of Identity Manager. When an
account can be changed by a process that does not execute or honor existing audit
policies, periodic compliance is necessary.
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Continuous Compliance
Continuous compliance means that policy is applied to all provisioning operations,
such that an account cannot modified in a way that does not comply with current
policy.
You enable continuous compliance by assigning an audit policy to an organization,
user, or both. Any provisioning operations performed on a user will cause userand organization-assigned policies to be evaluated. Any resulting policy failure
will interrupt the provisioning operation.
An organization-based policy set is defined hierarchically. There is only one
organization policy set in effect for any user. The applied policy set is the one
assigned to the lowest-level organization. For example:
Organization
Directly Assigned Policy Set
Effective Policy
Austin
Policies A1, A2
Policies A1, A2
Marketing
Development
Policies A1, A2
Policies B, C2
Support
Test
Policies B, C2
Policies B, C2
Policies D, E5
Finance
Houston
Policies D, E5
Policies A1, A2
<none>
Periodic Compliance
Periodic compliance means that Identity Manager evaluates policy on demand. Any
non-compliant conditions are captured as compliance violations.
When executing periodic compliance scans, you can select which policies to use in
the scan. The scan process blends directly-assigned policies (user-assigned and
organization-assigned policies) and an arbitrary set of selected policies.
Identity Manager users with Auditor Administrator capabilities can create audit
policies and monitor compliance with those policies through periodic execution of
policy scans and reviews of policy violations. Violations can be managed through
remediation and mitigation procedures.
For more information about the Auditor Administrator capabilities, see
“Understanding and Managing Capabilities” on page 166.
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Identity Manager auditing allows for regular scans of users, executing audit
policies to detect deviations from established account limits. When a violation is
detected, remediation activities are initiated. The rules may be standard audit
policy rules provided by Identity Manager, or customized, user-defined rules.
Logical Task Flow for Policy-Based Compliance
The following diagram shows a logical task flow for completing the auditing tasks
discussed in this section:
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Start
Configure audit events. See
“Configuring Audit Groups
and Audit Events” on
page 146.
Import externally-defined
audit rules, if applicable.
Define remediation rules.
Create audit policies. You
can use the Audit Policy
Wizard. See “Creating an
Audit Policy” on page 362.
Define remediation
workflow.
Assign remediators and
organizations.
Assign audit policies. See
“Assigning Audit Policies”
on page 377.
Perform audit scans and
generate reports. See
“Audit Policy Scans and
Reports” on page 377.
Monitor compliance and
remediate or mitigate policy
violations. See “About
Remediation” on page 383.
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Customize email
notification templates
(optional).
Enabling Audit Logging
Periodic Access Reviews
Identity Manager provides for periodic access reviews that enable managers and
other responsible parties to review and verify user access privileges on an ad-hoc
or periodic basis. For more information about this feature, see “Periodic Access
Reviews and Attestation” on page 392.
Enabling Audit Logging
Before you can begin managing compliance and access reviews, the Identity
Manager audit logging system must be enabled and configured to collect audit
events. By default, the auditing system is enabled. An Identity Manager
administrator with the Configure Audit capability can configure auditing.
Identity Manager provides the Compliance Management audit configuration
group. To view or modify the events stored by the Compliance Management
group, select Configure from the menu bar, and then click Audit. On the Audit
Configuration page, select the Compliance Management audit group name.
For more information about setting up audit configuration groups, see
“Configuring Audit Groups and Audit Events” on page 146 in the chapter titled
Configuration.
For information about how the audit system records events, see Chapter 12, “Audit
Logging.”
Email Templates
Identity Auditing uses email-based notification for a number of operations. For
each of these notifications, an email template object is used. The email template
allows the headers and body of email messages to be customized.
Table 11-1
Identity Auditing Email Templates
Template Name
Purpose
Access Review
Remediation Notice
Sent to remediators by an access review when user entitlements
are initially created in a remediating state.
Bulk Attestation Notice
Sent to attestors by an access review when they have pending
attestations.
Policy Violation Notice
Sent to remediators by an audit policy scan when violations occur.
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Administrator Interface Compliance Area
Table 11-1
Identity Auditing Email Templates
Template Name
Purpose
Access Scan Begin Notice
Sent to an access scan owner when an access review starts a
scan.
Access Scan End Notice
Sent to an access scan owner when an access scan completes.
Administrator Interface Compliance Area
You create and manage audit policies from the Compliance area in the Identity
Manager Administrator interface. Select Compliance from the menu bar to access
the Manage Policies page, which lists the policies that you have permission to view
and edit. You can also manage access scans from this area.
Manage Policies
From the Manage Policies page, you can work with audit policies to accomplish
these tasks:
•
Create an audit policy
•
Select a policy to view or edit
•
Delete a policy
Detailed information about these tasks follows in the section “Working with Audit
Policies.”
Manage Access Scans
Use the Manage Access Scans tab in the Compliance area to create, modify, and
delete access scans. Here you can define scans that you want to run or schedule for
periodic access reviews. For more information about this feature, see “Periodic
Access Reviews and Attestation” on page 392.
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About Audit Policies
Access Review
This tab in the Compliance area enables you to launch, terminate, delete, and
monitor the progress of your access reviews. It displays a summary report of the
scan results with information links that enable you to access more detailed
information about the review status and pending activities.
For more information about this feature, see “Managing Access Reviews” on
page 403.
About Audit Policies
An audit policy defines account limits for a set of users of one or more resources. It
comprises rules that define the limits of a policy and workflows to process violations
after they occur. Audit scans use the criteria defined in an audit policy to evaluate
whether violations have occurred in your organization.
The following components comprise an audit policy:
•
Policy rules, which can contain functions written in the XPRESS, XML Object,
or JavaScript languages, that define specific violations.
•
Remediation workflow, which optionally is launched when an audit scan
identifies a violation of the policy rules.
•
Remediators, or designated users who are authorized to respond to the policy
violation. Remediators can be individual users or groups of users.
Audit Policy Rules
Within an audit policy, rules define potential conflicts on an attribute basis. An
audit policy can contain hundreds of rules that reference a wide range of resources.
During rule evaluation, the rule has access to user account data from one or more
resources. The audit policy may restrict which resources are available to the rule.
It is possible to have a rule that checks only a single attribute on a single resource,
or a rule that checks multiple attributes on multiple resources.
Rules must be of subType SUBTYPE_AUDIT_POLICY_RULE or
SUBTYPE_AUDIT_POLICY_SOD_RULE. Rules generated by the Audit Policy Wizard or
referenced by it are automatically assigned this subType.
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Rules must be of authType AuditPolicyRule. Rules generated by the Audit Policy
Wizard are automatically assigned this authType.
See Working with Rules in Identity Manager Deployment Tools for a discussion of rule
logic.
Remediation Workflows
After you create rules to define policy violations, you select the workflow that will
be launched whenever a violation is detected during an audit scan. Identity
Manager provides the default Standard Remediation workflow, which provides
default remediation processing for audit policy scans. Among other actions, this
default remediation workflow generates notification email to each designated
Level 1 remediator (and subsequent levels of remediators, if necessary).
NOTE
Unlike Identity Manager workflow processes, remediation workflows
must be assigned the AuthType=AuditorAdminTask and the
SUBTYPE_REMEDIATION_WORKFLOW subtype. If you are importing a
workflow for use in audit scans, you must manually add this attribute.
See “(Optional) Import a Workflow into Identity Manager” on page 363 for
more information.
Remediators
If you assign a remediation workflow, you must designate at least one remediator.
You can designate up to three levels of remediators for an audit policy. For more
information about remediation, see Compliance Violation Remediation and
Mitigation in this chapter.
You must assign a remediation workflow before you can assign remediators.
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Sample Audit Policy Scenario
You are responsible for accounts payable and receivable and must implement
procedures to prevent a potentially risky aggregation of responsibilities in
employees working in the accounting department. This policy must ensure that
personnel with responsibility for accounts payable do not also have responsibility
for accounts receivable.
The audit policy will contain:
•
Set of four rules. Each specifies a condition that constitutes a policy violation.
•
Workflow that launches remediation tasks
•
Group of designated administrators, or remediators, with permission to view
and respond to policy violations created by the preceding rules
After the rules identify policy violations (in this scenario, users with too much
authority), the associated workflow can launch specific remediation-related tasks,
including automatically notifying select remediators.
Level 1 remediators are the first remediators contacted when an audit scan
identifies a policy violation. When the escalation period identified in this area is
exceeded, Identity Manager notifies the remediators at the next level (if more than
one level is specified for the audit policy).
Working with Audit Policies
Identity Manager features the Audit Policy Wizard to help you set up audit
policies. After defining an audit policy you can perform various actions on the
policy, such as modifying or deleting it. The topics in this section describe how to
create and manage audit policies and audit policy rules.
The Audit Policy Wizard additionally can create rules, but is limited in the type of
rules it can create. Use the Identity Manager IDE to create more powerful rules to
be used by the wizard.
By default, any rules created with the wizard are of authType AuditPolicyRule.
Any audit policy rules you create (by using the wizard or the Identity Manager
IDE) should specify this authType.
Rules must be subType SUBTYPE_AUDIT_POLICY_RULE. Rules generated by the
Audit Policy Wizard are automatically assigned this subType.
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Creating an Audit Policy
The Audit Policy Wizard guides you through the process of creating an audit
policy. To access the Audit Policy Wizard, in the Compliance area of the interface,
click Manage Policies and create a new audit policy.
Using the wizard, you will perform the following tasks to create an audit policy:
•
Select or create the rules you want to use to define policy limits
•
Assign approvers and establish escalation limitations
•
Assign a remediation workflow
After completing the task presented in each wizard screen, click Next to move to
the next step.
Before You Begin
Considerable planning precedes the creation of an audit policy, including these
tasks:
•
Identify the rules you will use to create the policy in the Audit Policy Wizard.
The rules you choose are determined by the type of policy you are creating and
the specific limitations you want to define.
•
Import any remediation workflow or rule that you want to include in the new
policy.
•
Ensure that you have the required capabilities to create audit policies. See the
required capabilities in “Understanding and Managing Capabilities” on
page 166.
Identify the Rules You Need
The constraints you specify in the policy are implemented in a set of rules that you
create or import. When using the Audit Policy Wizard to create a rule, you:
362
1.
Identify the specific resource you are working with.
2.
Select an account attribute from the list of attributes that are valid for the
resource.
3.
Select a condition to impose on the attribute.
4.
Enter a value for comparison.
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(Optional) Import Separation of Duty Rules into Identity Manager
The Audit Policy Wizard cannot create Separation of Duty rules. These rules must
be constructed outside of Identity Manager and imported by using the Import
Exchange File option on the Configure tab.
(Optional) Import a Workflow into Identity Manager
To use a remediation workflow that is not currently available from Identity
Manager, complete the following tasks to import the external workflow:
1.
Set authType=’AuditorAdminTask’ and add
subtype=’SUBTYPE_REMEDIATION_WORKFLOW’. You can use the Identity
Manager IDE or your XML editor of choice to set these configuration objects.
2.
Import the workflow by using the Import Exchange File option. (You can
access this feature from the Configure tab.)
After you have successfully imported the workflow, it appears in the Audit Policy
Wizard Remediation Workflow list of options.
Name and Describe the Audit Policy
Enter the name of the new policy and a brief description in the Audit Policy
Wizard (shown in Figure 11-1).
Figure 11-1
NOTE
Auto Policy Wizard: Enter Name and Description Screen
Audit policy names cannot contain these characters: ' (apostrophe),
. (period), | (pipe), [ (left bracket), ] (right bracket), , (comma),
: (colon), $ (dollar sign), " (double quote), or = (equals sign).
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If you want only selected resources to be accessed when executing the scan, enable
the Restrict target resources option.
If you want a remediation of a violation to result in an immediate re-scan of the
user, then enable the Allow violation re-scans option.
NOTE
If the audit policy does not restrict resources, then all resources for
which a user has accounts will be accessed during the scan. If the
rules only use a few resources, then it is more efficient to restrict the
policy to those resources.
Click Next to proceed to the next page.
Select a Rule Type
Use this page to start the process of defining or including rules in your policy. (The
bulk of your work while creating a policy is defining and creating rules.)
As shown in Figure 11-2, you can choose to create your own rule by using the
Identity Manager rule wizard, or you can incorporate an existing rule. By default,
the Rule Wizard option is selected. Click Next to launch the Rule Wizard and go to
“Creating a New Rule by Using the Rule Wizard” on page 368 for instructions on
creating a rule.
Figure 11-2
Audit Policy Wizard: Select Rule Type Screen
Select an Existing Rule
When selecting a rule option, click Existing Rule to include an existing rule in the
new policy. Then, click Next to view and select the existing audit policy rules to
which you have access.
Select additional rules from the Rules list of options, and then click Next.
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NOTE
If you cannot see the name of a rule that you have previously
imported into Identity Manager, confirm that you have added to the
rule the additional attributes that are described in “Audit Policy
Rules” on page 359.
Adding Rules
You can create additional rules with the wizard, or import rules. The Rule Wizard
only allows one resource to be used in a rule. Imported rules can reference as many
resources as needed.
Click AND or OR to continue adding rules as necessary. To remove a rule, select it
and then click Remove.
Policy violations occur only if the Boolean expression of all rules evaluates to true.
By grouping rules with AND/OR operators, it is possible for the policy to evaluate
to true, even though all rules do not. Identity Manager creates violations only for
rules that evaluate to true, and only if the policy expression evaluates to true. The
Audit Policy Wizard does not provide explicit control over the Boolean expression
nesting, so it is best not to build deep expressions.
Select a Remediation Workflow
Use this screen to select a Remediation workflow to associate with this policy. The
workflow assigned here determines the actions taken within Identity Manager
when an audit policy violation is detected.
NOTE
Figure 11-3
One workflow is started for each failed audit policy. Each workflow
will contain one or more work items for each compliance violation
created by the policy scan for the specific policy.
Audit Policy Wizard: Select Remediation Workflow Screen
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NOTE
For information about importing a workflow that you have created
by using an XML editor or the Identity Manager Integrated
Development Environment (IDE), see “(Optional) Import a
Workflow into Identity Manager” on page 363.
Select Remediation User Form Rule to select a rule used to calculate the user form
applied when editing a user through a remediation. By default, a remediator that
edits a user in response to a remediation work item will use the user form assigned
to the remediator. If an audit policy specifies a remediation user form, then this
form is used instead. This allows a very specific form to be used when an audit
policy indicates a corresponding, specific problem.
To specify remediators to be associated with this remediation workflow, select
Specify Remediators? If you enable this option, then clicking Next will display the
Assign Remediators page. If you do not enable this option, then the wizard will
next display the Audit Policy Wizard Assign Organizations screen.
Select Remediators and Timeouts for Remediations
If you select to specify remediators, the remediators assigned to this audit policy
will be notified when a violation of this policy is detected. Also, the default
workflow assigns a remediation work item to them. Any Identity Manager user
can be a remediator.
You might choose to assign at least one Level 1 remediator, or designated user.
Level 1 remediators are contacted first through email launched by the remediation
workflow when a policy violation is detected. If the designated escalation timeout
period is reached before a Level 1 remediator responds, Identity Manager next
contacts the Level 2 remediators that you specify here. Identity Manager contacts
Level 3 remediators only if neither Level 1 nor Level 2 remediators respond before
the escalation time period lapses.
NOTE
If you specify an escalation timeout value for the highest-level
remediator selected, then the work item is removed from the list
when the escalation times out. By default, an escalation timeout is
set to a value of 0; in this case, the work item does not expire and
remains in the remediator’s list.
Assigning Remediators is optional. If you select this option, then click Next to
proceed to the next screen after specifying the settings.
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To add users to the available list of remediators, enter a user ID and then click Add.
Alternatively, click ... (More) to search for a user ID. Enter one or more characters
in the Starts With field, and then click Find. After selecting a user from the search
list, click Add to add it to the list of remediators. Click Dismiss to close the search
area.
To remove a user ID from the list of remediators, select it in the list, and then click
Remove.
Figure 11-4
Audit Policy Wizard: Select Level 1 Remediator Area
Select Organizations that Can Access this Policy
Use this screen, illustrated in Figure 11-5, to select the organizations that can view
and edit this policy.
Figure 11-5
Audit Policy Wizard: Assign Organizations Visibility Screen
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After making organization selections, click Finish to create the audit policy and
return to the Manage Policies page. The newly created policy is now visible in this
list.
Creating a New Rule by Using the Rule Wizard
If you choose to create a rule by using the Rule Wizard selection in the Audit Policy
Wizard, proceed by entering information on the pages discussed in the following
sections.
Name and Describe the New Rule
Optionally name and describe the new rule. Use this page to enter descriptive text
that appears next to the rule name whenever Identity Manager displays the rule.
Enter a concise and clear description that is meaningful in describing the rule. This
description is displayed within Identity Manager in the Review Policy Violations
page.
Figure 11-6
Audit Policy Wizard: Enter the Rule Description Screen
For example, if you are creating a rule that will identify users who have both an
Oracle ERP responsibilityKey attribute value of Payable User and a Receivable
User attribute value, you could enter the following text in the Description field:
Identifies users with both Payable User and Receivable
User responsibilities.
Use the Comments field to provide any additional information about the rule.
Select the Resource Referenced by the Rule
Use this page to select the resource that the rule will reference. Each rule variable
must correspond to an attribute on this resource. All resources that you have view
access to will appear in this options list. In this example, Oracle ERP is selected.
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Figure 11-7
NOTE
Audit Policy Wizard: Select Resource Screen
Most, but not all, attributes of each available resource adapter are
supported. For information on the specific attributes that are
available, see Identity Manager Resources Reference.
Click Next to move to the next page.
Create the Rule Expression
Use this screen to enter the rule expression for your new rule. This example creates
a rule in which a user with an Oracle ERP responsibilityKey attribute value of
Payable User cannot also have a Receivable User attribute value.
1.
Select a user attribute from the list of available attributes. This attribute will
directly correspond to a rule variable.
2.
Select a logical condition from the list. Valid conditions include = (equal to), !=
(not equal to), < (less than), <= (less than or equal to), > (greater than), >=
(greater than or equal to), is true, is null, is not null, is empty, and contains. For
the purpose of this example, you could select contains from the list of possible
attribute conditions.
3.
Enter a value for the expression. For example, if you enter Payable user, you
are specifying an Oracle ERP user with the value of Payable user in the
responsibilityKeys attribute.
4.
(Optional) Click AND or OR operators to add another line and create another
expression.
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Figure 11-8
Audit Policy Wizard: Select Rule Expression Screen
This rule returns a Boolean value. If both statements are true, then the policy rule
returns a value of TRUE, which causes a policy violation.
NOTE
Identity Manager provides no support for control of rule nesting. If
multiple rules are specified, the policy evaluator always follows
AND operations first, and then OR. For example, R1 AND R2 AND
R3 or R4 AND R5 (R1 + R2 + R3) | (R4 + R5).
The following code example shows the XML for the rule you have created in this
screen:
Code Example 11-1
Example of XML Syntax for a Newly Created Rule
<Description>Payable User/Receivable User</Description>
<RuleArgument name='resource' value='Oracle ERP'>
<Comments>Resource specified when audit policy was created.</Comments>
<String>Oracle ERP</String>
</RuleArgument>
<and>
<contains>
<ref>accounts[Oracle ERP].responsibilityKeys</ref>
<s>Receivable User</s>
</contains>
<contains>
<ref>accounts[Oracle ERP].responsibilityKeys</ref>
<s>Payables User</s>
</contains>
</and>
<MemberObjectGroups>
<ObjectRef type='ObjectGroup' id='#ID#Top' name='Top'/>
</MemberObjectGroups>
</Rule>
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To remove an expression from the rule, select the attribute condition and then click
Remove.
Click Next to continue in the Audit Policy Wizard. You will then have the
opportunity to add more rules, either by creating new rules with the wizard or by
adding existing rules.
Editing an Audit Policy
Common editing tasks on audit policies include:
•
Adding or deleting rules
•
Changing the targeted resources
•
Adjusting the list of organizations that have access to the policy
•
Changing the escalation timeout associated with each level of remediation
•
Changing the remediation workflow associated with the policy
The Edit Policy Page
Click a policy name in the Audit Policy name column to open the Edit Audit Policy
page. This page categorizes audit policy information in these areas:
•
Identification and Rules area
•
Remediators and Escalation timeout area
•
Workflow and Organizations Area
Figure 11-9
Edit Audit Policy Page: Identification and Rules Area
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Use this area of the page to:
•
Edit the policy description
•
Add or delete a rule
NOTE
You cannot use this product to directly edit an existing rule. Use the
Identity Manager IDE or an XML editor to edit the rule, and then
import it into Identity Manager. You can then remove the previous
version, and add the newly revised version.
Edit Audit Policy Description
Edit the audit policy description by selecting the text in the Description field and
then entering new text.
Edit Options
Optionally select or de-select the Restrict target resources or Allow violation
re-scans options.
Delete a Rule from the Policy
To delete a rule from the policy, click the Select button that precedes the rule name,
and then click Remove.
Add a Rule to the Policy
Click Add to append a new field that you can use to select a rule to add.
Change a Rule used by the Policy
In the Rule Name column, select another rule from the selection list.
Remediators Area
Figure 11-10 shows a portion of the Remediators area, where you assign Level 1,
Level 2, and Level 3 remediators for a policy.
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Figure 11-10 Edit Audit Policy Page: Assign Remediators
Use this area of the page to:
•
Remove or assign remediators to a policy
•
Adjust escalation timeouts
Remove or Assign Remediators
Select a remediator for one or more remediation levels by entering a user ID and
then clicking Add. To search for a user ID, click ... (More). You must select at least
one remediator.
To remove a remediator, select a user ID in the list, and then click Remove.
Adjust Escalation Timeouts
Select the timeout value, then enter the new value. By default, no timeout value is
set
.
NOTE
If you specify an escalation timeout value for the highest-level
remediator selected, then the work item is removed from the list
when the escalation times out.
Remediation Workflow and Organizations Area
Figure 11-11 shows the area in which you specify the remediation workflow and
organizations for an audit policy.
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Figure 11-11 Edit Audit Policy Page: Remediation Workflow and Organizations
Use this area of the page to:
•
Change the remediation workflow that is launched when a policy violation
occurs
•
Select a remediation user form rule
•
Adjust the organizations that have access to this policy
Change the Remediation Workflow
To change the workflow assigned to a policy, you can select an alternative
workflow from the list of options. By default, no workflow is assigned to an audit
policy.
NOTE
If no workflow is assigned to the Audit Policy, the violations will
not be assigned to any remediators.
Select a remediation workflow from the list, and then click Save.
Select Remediation User Form Rule
Optionally select a rule to calculate the user form applied when editing a user
through a remediation.
Assign or Remove Visibility to Organizations
Adjust the organizations to which this audit policy will be available, and then click
Save.
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Sample Policies
Identity Manager provides these sample policies, accessible from the Audit Policies
list:
•
IDM Role Comparison Policy
•
IDM Account Accumulation Policy
IDM Role Comparison Policy
This sample policy allows you to compare a user’s current access to the access
specified by Identity Manager roles. The policy ensures that all resource attributes
specified by roles are set for the user.
This policy fails if:
•
The user is missing any resource attributes specified by roles
•
The user’s resource attributes differ from those specified by roles
IDM Account Accumulation Policy
This sample policy verifies that all accounts held by the user are referenced by at
least one role also held by that user.
This policy fails if the user has accounts on any resources that are not explicitly
referenced by a role assigned to the user.
Deleting an Audit Policy
When an audit policy is deleted from Identity Manager, all violations that reference
the policy are also deleted.
Policies can be deleted from the Compliance area of the interface, when you click
Manage Policies to view policies. To delete an audit policy, select the policy name
in the policy view, and then click Delete.
Troubleshooting Audit Policies
Problems with your audit policy typically are best addressed through policy rule
debugging.
Debugging Rules
To debug a rule, add the following trace elements to the rule code.
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<block trace='true'>
<and>
<contains>
<ref>accounts[AD].firstname</ref>
<s>Sam</s>
</contains>
<contains>
<ref>accounts[AD].lastname</ref>
<s>Smith</s>
</contains>
</and>
</block>
Problem
I can’t see my workflow in the Identity Manager interface.
Resolution
Confirm that:
•
You have added the subtype='SUBTYPE_REMEDIATION_WORKFLOW' attribute to
your workflow. Workflows without this subtype will not be visible in the
Identity Manager Administrator interface.
•
You have the capability for authType AuditorAdminTask.
•
You control the organization that the workflow is in.
Problem
I imported rules, but do not see them in the Audit Policy Wizard.
Resolution
Confirm that:
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•
Each rule is of subtype=�SUBTYPE_AUDIT_POLICY_RULE’ or
subtype=�SUBTYPE_AUDIT_POLICY_SOD_RULE’.
•
You have the capability for authType AuditPolicyRule.
•
You control the organization that the workflow is in.
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Assigning Audit Policies
To assign an audit policy to an organization, the user must have (at least) the
Assign Organization Audit Policies capability. To assign an audit policy to a user,
the user must have the Assign User Audit Policies capability. A user with the
Assign Audit Policies capability has both of these capabilities.
To assign organization-level policy, select the Organization on the Accounts tab,
and then select the policies in the Assigned audit policies list.
To assign user-level policy:
1.
Click the user in the Accounts area.
2.
Select Compliance in the user form.
3.
Select policies in the Assigned audit policies list.
NOTE
Audit policies that are directly assigned to a user—that is, assigned
through user account or organization assignment—are always
re-evaluated when a violation for that user is remediated.
Audit Policy Scans and Reports
This section provides information about audit policy scans, and provides
procedures for running and managing audit scans.
Scanning Users and Organizations
A scan runs selected audit policies on individual users or organizations. You might
want to scan a user or organization for a specific violation or execute policies not
assigned to the user or organization. Launch scans from the Accounts area of the
interface.
NOTE
You can also launch or schedule an audit policy scan from the Server
Tasks tab.
To initiate a scan on a user account or organization from the Accounts area:
1.
Select Accounts.
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2.
In the Accounts list, perform one of these actions:
a.
Select one or more users, and then select Scan from the User Actions
options list.
b.
Select one or more organizations and then select Scan from the
Organization Actions options list.
The Launch Task dialog displays. Table 11-3 is an example of the Launch Task
page for an audit policy user scan.
Figure 11-12 Launch Task dialog
378
3.
Specify a title for the scan in the Report Title field. This field is required. You
can optionally specify a description for the scan in the Report Summary field.
4.
Select one or more audit policies to run. You must specify at least one policy.
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5.
Select a Policy Mode. This determines how the selected policies should interact
with users who already have policy assignments. Assignments can come
directly from the user or from the organization to which the user is assigned.
6.
Optionally select the Do not create violations option. When you enable this
option, audit policies will be evaluated and violations reported, but no
compliance violations will be created or updated, and no remediation
workflow will be executed. However, task results from the scan will show
which violations would have been created, making this option useful when
testing audit policies.
7.
Check Execute Remediation Workflow? to run the remediation workflow
assigned in the audit policy. If the audit policy does not define a remediation
workflow, no remediation workflow will run.
8.
Edit the Violation Limit value to set the maximum number of compliance
violations that can be emitted by the scan before it aborts. This value is a
safeguard to limit risk when running an audit policy that may be overly
aggressive in its checks. An empty value means no limit is set.
9.
Check Email Report to specify recipients for the report. You may also have
Identity Manager attach a file containing a report in CSV (comma-separated
values) format.
10. If you prefer to override the default PDF options, enable the Override default
PDF options option.
11. Click Launch to begin the scan.
To view the reports resulting from an audit scan, view the Auditor Reports.
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Working with Auditor Reports
Identity Manager provides a number of Auditor Reports. The following table
describes these reports.
Table 11-2
Auditor Reports Descriptions
Auditor Report Type
Description
Access Review Coverage
Shows the overlap or differences among the users that are implied by the
selected access reviews. Since most access reviews have a user scope that is
specified by a query or some membership operation, the exact set of users is
expected to change over time. This report can show the overlap, differences, or
both, between users specified by two different access reviews (to see if the
reviews are going to be efficient in operation); between entitlements generated by
two different access reviews (so you can see if the coverage changes over time);
or between users and entitlements (so you can see if the entitlements were
generated for all users scoped by the review.
Access Review Detail
Shows the current status of all user entitlement records. This report can be
filtered by a user’s organization, Access Review and Access Review Instance,
state of an entitlement record, and attestor.
Access Review Summary
Provides summary information about all access reviews. It summarizes the status
of users scanned, policies scanned, and attestation activities for each access
review scan listed.
Access Scan User Scope
Coverage
Compares selected scans to determine which users are included in the scan
scope. It shows the overlap (users included in all scans) or difference (users not
included in all scans, but included in more than one). This report is useful when
trying to organize multiple access scans to cover the same or different users,
depending on the needs of the scan.
Audit Policy Summary
Summarizes the key elements of all audit policies, including the rules,
remediators, and workflow for each policy.
Audited Attribute
Shows all audit records indicating a change of a specified resource account
attribute.
This report mines the audit data for any auditable attributes that have been
stored. It will mine the data based on any extended attributes, which can be
specified from WorkflowServices or resource attributes marked as auditable.
AuditPolicy Violation History
Graphical view of all compliance violations per policy that were created during a
specified period of time. This report can be filtered by policy, and grouped by day,
week, month, or quarter.
User Access
Shows the audit record and user attributes for a specified user.
Organization Violation History
Graphical view of all compliance violations per resource, that were created during
a specific period of time. Can be filtered by organization, and grouped by day,
week, month, or Quarter.
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Table 11-2
Auditor Reports Descriptions
Auditor Report Type
Description
Resource Violation History
Graphical view of all compliance violations per resource that were created during
the specified time range.
Separation of Duties
Shows separation of duties violations arranged in a conflicts table. Using a
Web-based interface, you can access additional information by clicking the links.
This report can be filtered by organization, and grouped by day, week, month, or
quarter.
Violation Summary
Shows all current compliance violations. This report can be filtered by remediator,
resource, rule, user, or policy
The reports are available from the Reports tab in the Identity Manager interface.
Creating an Auditor Report
To run a report, you must first create the report template. You can specify various
criteria for the report, including specifying email recipients to receive the report
results. After a report template has been created and saved, it is available from the
Run Reports page.
Figure 11-13 shows an example of the Run Reports page with a list of defined
Auditor Reports.
Figure 11-13 Run Reports Page Selections
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To create an auditor report, use the following procedure:
1.
Select Reports from the menu bar.
2.
Select Auditor Reports for the report type.
3.
In the New list of reports, select a report.
The Define a Report page appears. The fields and layout of the report dialog varies
for each type of report. Refer to Identity Manager Help for information about
specifying the report criteria.
After entering and selecting report criteria, you can:
вќЌ
вќЌ
Run the report without saving — Click Run to start running the report.
Identity Manager does not save the report (if you defined a new report) or
the changed report criteria (if you edited an existing report).
Save the report — Click Save to save the report. After it is saved, you can
run the report from the Run Reports page (the list of reports).
After running a report from the Run Reports page, you can view the output
immediately or at a later time from the View Reports tab.
•
For information about scheduling a report, see “Scheduling Reports” on
page 230.
Compliance Violation Remediation and Mitigation
This section describes how to use Identity Manager Remediation to protect your
critical assets. The following topics discuss elements of the Identity Manager
Remediation process:
382
•
About Remediation
•
Remediation Email Template
•
Working with the Remediations Page
•
Viewing Policy Violations
•
Mitigating Policy Violations
•
Remediating Policy Violations
•
Forwarding Remediation Requests
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About Remediation
When Identity Manager detects an unresolved (not mitigated) audit policy
compliance violation, it creates a remediation request, which must be addressed by
a remediator — designated users who are allowed to evaluate and respond to audit
policy violations.
Remediator Escalation
Identity Manager allows you to define three levels of remediator escalation.
Remediation requests are initially sent to Level 1 remediators. If a Level 1
remediator does not act on a remediation request before the time-out period
expires, Identity Manager escalates the violation to the Level 2 remediators and
begins a new time-out period. If a Level 2 remediator does not respond before the
time-out period expires, then the request is escalated once again to the Level 3
remediator.
To perform remediation, you must designate at least one remediator for your
enterprise. Specifying more than one remediator for each level is optional, but
recommended. Multiple remediators help ensure workflow is not delayed or
halted.
Remediation Security Access
These authorization options are for work items of authType RemediationWorkItem.
•
The remediation work item owner
•
A direct or indirect manager of the remediation work item owner
•
An administrator who controls an organization in which the remediation work
item owner belongs
By default, the behavior for authorization checks is as follows:
•
Owner is the user attempting the action, OR
•
Owner is in an organization controlled by the user attempting the action, OR
•
Owner is a subordinate of the user attempting the action
The second and third checks are independently configurable by modifying these
options:
•
controlOrg — Valid values are true or false.
•
subordinate — Valid values are true or false.
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•
lastLevel — The last subordinate level to include in the result; -1 means all
levels. The integer value for lastLevel defaults to -1, meaning direct and
indirect subordinates.
These options can be added or modified in the following:
UserForm: Remediation List
Remediation Workflow Process
Identity Manager provides the Standard Remediation Workflow to provide
remediation processing for Audit Policy scans.
The Standard Remediation Workflow generates a remediation request (a
review-type work item) containing information about the compliance violation and
sends an email notification to each Level 1 remediator named in the audit policy.
When a remediator mitigates the violation, the workflow changes the state of, and
assigns an expiration to, the existing compliance violation object.
A compliance violation is uniquely identified by the combination of the user,
policy name, and rulename. When an audit policy evaluates to true, a new
compliance violation is created for each user/policy/rule combination, if an
existing violation for this combination does not already exist. If a violation does
exist for the combination, and the violation is in a mitigated state, then the
workflow process takes no action. If the existing violation is not mitigated, then its
recurrent count is incremented.
For more information about remediation workflows, see “About Audit Policies” on
page 359.
Remediation Responses
By default, three response options are given to each remediator:
•
Remediate — A remediator indicates that something has been done to fix the
problem on the resource.
When a compliance violation is modified, Identity Manager creates an audit
event to log the remediation. In addition, Identity Manager stores the name of
the remediator and any comments provided.
NOTE
384
After remediation, a violation is not deleted until the next audit
scan. If an audit policy is configured to allow re-scans, then the user
will be re-scanned as soon as the violation is remediated.
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•
Mitigate — A remediator allows the violation and gives the user an exemption
from the violation for a certain amount of time.
If the violation is deliberate (for example, there is a business case for belonging
to two groups), you can mitigate the violation for an extended period of time.
You can also mitigate the violation for a short period of time (for example, in
cases where the resource’s system administrator is on vacation and you do not
know how to fix the problem).
Identity Manager stores the name of the remediator that mitigated the
violation along with the expiration date assigned to the exemption and any
comments provided.
NOTE
•
When Identity Manager detects an expired exemption, it returns the
violation from the mitigated state to a pending state.
Forward — A remediator reassigns the responsibility for resolving the
violation to another individual.
Remediation Example
Your enterprise establishes a rule in which a user cannot be responsible for both
Accounts Payable and Accounts Receivable, and you receive notice that a user is
violating this rule.
•
If the user is a supervisor who has responsibility for both roles until the
company hires a second person for that position, you might mitigate the
violation and issue an exemption for up to six months.
•
If the user is violating the rule, you might ask your Oracle ERP Administrator
to correct the conflict, and then remediate the violation when the problem is
fixed for that resource. Alternatively, you might forward the remediation
request to the Oracle ERP Administrator.
Remediation Email Template
Identity Manager provides a Policy Violation Notice email template (available by
selecting the Configuration tab, then the Email Templates subtab. You can
configure this template to notify remediators of pending violations. For more
information, see “Customizing Email Templates” on page 142.
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Working with the Remediations Page
Select Work Items, and then Remediations to access the Remediations page.
You can use this page to:
•
View pending violations
•
Prioritize policy violations
•
Mitigate one or more policy violations
•
Remediate one or more policy violations
•
Forward one or more violations
•
Edit users from a remediation work item
Viewing Policy Violations
You can use the Remediations page to view details about violations before taking
action on them.
Depending on your capabilities or place in the Identity Manager capabilities
hierarchy, you may be able to view and take action on violations for other
remediators.
The following topics are related to viewing violations:
•
“Viewing Pending Requests” on page 386
•
“Viewing Completed Requests” on page 387
•
“Updating the Table” on page 388
Viewing Pending Requests
Pending requests assigned to you are, by default, displayed in the Remediation
table. You can use the List Remediations for option to view pending remediation
requests for a different remediator:
386
•
Select My Direct Reports to view pending requests for users in your
organization who report directly to you.
•
Select Search Users to enter or locate one or more users whose pending
requests you want to view. Enter a user ID, and then click Apply to view
pending requests for that user. Alternatively, click ... (More) to search for a
user. After locating and selecting a user, click Dismiss to close the Search area.
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The resulting table provides the following information about each request:
•
Remediator — Name of the assigned remediator. This column displays only
when you view remediation requests for other remediators.
•
User — User for whom the request is made.
•
Audit Policy/Request — Action requested of the remediator.
•
Audit Rule/Description — Remediation comments for the request.
•
Violation State — Current state of the violation.
•
Severity — Severity assigned to the request (None, Low, Medium, High, or
Critical)
•
Priority — Priority assigned to the request (None, Low, Medium, High, or
Urgent)
•
Date of Request: Date and time the remediation request was issued.
NOTE
Each user can choose a custom form that displays remediation data
relevant to that particular remediator. To assign a custom form,
select the Compliance tab on the user form.
Viewing Completed Requests
To view your completed remediation requests, click the My Work Items tab, and
then click the History tab. A list of previously remediated work items displays.
The resulting table (which is generated by an AuditLog report) provides the
following information about each remediation request:
•
Timestamp — Date and time the request was remediated
•
Subject — Name of the remediator who processed the request
•
Action — Whether the remediator mitigated or remediated the request
•
Type — ComplianceViolation or User Entitlement
•
Object Name — Name of the audit policy that was violated
•
Resource — Provides the remediator’s account ID (or may indicate N/A)
•
ID — Always indicates N/A
•
Result — Always indicates Success
Clicking a timestamp in the table opens an Audit Events Details page.
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The Audit Events Details page provides information about the completed request,
including information about the remediation or mitigation, event parameters (if
applicable), and auditable attributes.
Updating the Table
To update the information provided in the Remediations table, click Refresh. The
Remediation page updates the table with any new remediation requests.
Prioritizing Policy Violations
You can prioritize policy violations by assigning them a priority, severity, or both.
Prioritize violations from the Remediations page.
To edit the priority or severity for violations:
1.
Select one or more violations in the list.
2.
Click Prioritize.
The Prioritize Policy Violations page appears.
3.
Optionally set a severity for the violation. Selections are None, Low, Medium,
High, or Critical.
4.
Optionally set a priority for the violation. Selections are None, Low, Medium,
High, or Urgent.
5.
Click OK when you have finished making selections. Identity Manager returns
to the list of remediations.
NOTE
Severity and priority values can be set only on remediations of type
CV (Compliance Violation).
Mitigating Policy Violations
You can mitigate policy violations from the Remediations and Review Policy
Violations pages.
From the Remediations Page
To mitigate pending policy violations from the Remediations page:
1.
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Select rows in the table to specify which requests to mitigate.
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вќЌ
вќЌ
NOTE
Enable one or more individual options to specify requests to be mitigated.
Enable the option in the table header to mitigate all requests listed in
the table.
Identity Manager allows you to enter only one set of comments to
describe a mitigation action. You may not want to perform a bulk
mitigation unless the violations are related and a single comment
will suffice.
You can mitigate only those requests that include compliance
violations. Other remediation requests cannot be mitigated.
2.
Click Mitigate.
The Mitigate Policy Violation page (or Mitigate Multiple Policy Violations
page) appears:
Figure 11-14 Mitigate Policy Violation Page
3.
Enter comments about the mitigation into the Explanation field. (This field is
required.)
Your comments provide an audit trail for this action, so be sure to enter
complete and meaningful information. For example, explain why you are
mitigating the policy violation, the date, and why you chose the exemption
period.
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4.
Provide an expiration date for the exemption by typing the date (in the format
YYYY-MM-DD) directly into the Expiration Date field, or by clicking the date
button and selecting a date from the calendar.
NOTE
5.
If you do not provide a date, the exemption is valid indefinitely.
Click OK to save your changes and return to the Remediations page.
Remediating Policy Violations
To remediate one or more policy violations:
1.
Use the check boxes in the table to specify which requests to remediate.
вќЌ
вќЌ
Enable one or more individual check boxes in the table to specify requests
to remediate.
Enable the check box in the table header to remediate all requests listed in
the table.
If selecting more than one request, keep in mind that Identity Manager
allows you to enter only one set of comments to describe a remediation
action. You may not want to perform a bulk remediation unless the
violations are related and a single comment will suffice.
2.
Click Remediate.
3.
The Remediate Policy Violation page (or Remediate Multiple Policy Violations
page) displays.
4.
Enter your comments about the remediation into the Comments field.
5.
Click OK to save your changes and return to the Remediations page.
NOTE
Audit policies that are directly assigned to a user—that is, assigned
through user account or organization assignment—are always
re-evaluated when a violation for that user is remediated.
Forwarding Remediation Requests
You can forward one or more remediation requests to another remediator, as
follows:
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1.
Use the check boxes in the table to specify which requests to forward.
вќЌ
вќЌ
2.
Enable the check box in the table header to forward all requests listed in
the table.
Enable individual check boxes in the table to forward one or more
requests.
Click Forward.
The Select and Confirm Forwarding page appears.
Figure 11-15 Select and Confirm Forwarding Page
3.
Enter a remediator name in the Forward to field, and then click OK.
Alternatively, you can click ... (More) to search for a remediator name. Select a
name from the search list, and then click Set to enter that name in the Forward
to field. Click Dismiss to close the search area.
When the Remediations page redisplays, the new remediator’s name displays in
the Remediator column of the table.
Editing a User from a Remediation Work Item
From a remediation work item, you can (with appropriate user editing capabilities)
edit a user to remediate problems (as described in the associated entitlement
history).
To edit a user, click Edit User from the Review Remediation Request page. The
displayed Edit User page shows:
•
Entitlement history associated with the user, for this work item
•
Attributes for the user. The options that appear here are the same as on the Edit
User form available from the Accounts area.
After making changes to the user, click Save.
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NOTE
Saving user edits causes the Update User workflow to run. Since this
workflow may have approvals, it is possible that the changes to the
user accounts are not in effect for a period of time after the save. If
the audit policy allows rescans, and the Update User workflow has
not completed, then the subsequent policy scan may detect the same
violation.
Periodic Access Reviews and Attestation
Identity Manager provides a process for conducting access reviews that enable
managers or other responsible parties to review and verify user access privileges.
This process helps to identify and manage user privilege accumulation over time,
and helps to maintain compliance with Sarbanes-Oxley, GLBA, and other federally
regulated mandates.
Access reviews can be performed as needed or scheduled to occur
periodically—for example, every calendar quarter—enabling you to conduct
periodic access reviews to maintain the correct level of user privileges. An access
review can optionally include audit policy scans.
About Periodic Access Reviews
Periodic access review is the periodic process of attesting that a set of employees has
the appropriate privileges on the appropriate resources at a specific point in time.
A periodic access review involves the following activities:
•
Access review scans — Scans that you define and run or schedule to run, that
evaluate user entitlements for a specified set of users and perform rule-based
evaluations to determine if attestation is needed.
•
Attestation — Process of responding to attestation requests by approving or
rejecting user entitlements.
A user entitlement is a record of details of a user’s accounts on a specific set of
resources.
Access Review Scans
To initiate a periodic access review, you must first define at least one access scan.
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The access scan defines who will be scanned, which resources will be included in
the scan, any optional audit policies to be evaluated during the scan, and rules to
determine which entitlement records will be manually attested, and by whom.
Access Review Workflow Process
In general, the Identity Manager access review workflow:
•
Constructs a list of users, gets account information for each user, and evaluates
optional audit policies
•
Creates user entitlement records
•
Determines if attestation is required for each user entitlement record
•
Assigns work items to each attestor
•
Waits for all attestors to approve, or for the first rejection
•
Escalates to the next attestor, if no response to a request is received within a
specified timeout period
•
Updates user entitlement records with resolutions
See “Access Review Remediation” on page 412 for a description of the remediation
capabilities.
Required Administrator Capabilities
To conduct a periodic access review and manage the review processes, a user must
have the Auditor Periodic Access Review Administrator capabilities. A user with
Auditor Access Scan Administrator capability can create and manage access scans.
To assign these capabilities, edit the user account and modify the security
attributes. For more information about these and other capabilities, see
“Understanding and Managing Capabilities” on page 166.
Attestation
Attestation is the certification process performed by one or more designated
attestors to confirm a user entitlement as it exists on a specific date. During an
access review, the attestor (or attestors) receives notice of the access review
attestation requests through email notification. An attestor must be an Identity
Manager user, but is not required to be an Identity Manager administrator.
Attestation Workflow
Identity Manager uses an attestation workflow that is launched when an access
scan identifies entitlement records requiring review. The access scan makes this
determination based on the rules defined in the access scan.
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A rule evaluated by the access scan determines if the user entitlement record needs
to be manually attested, or if it can be automatically approved or rejected. If the
user entitlement record needs to be manually attested, then the access scan uses a
second rule to determine who the appropriate attestors are.
Each user entitlement record to be manually attested is assigned to a workflow,
with one work item per attestor. Notification to the attestor of these work items can
be sent using a ScanNotification workflow that bundles the items into one
notification, per attestor, per scan. Unless the ScanNotification workflow is
selected, notification will be per user entitlement. This means an attestor could
receive multiple notifications per scan, and possibly a large number depending on
the number of users scanned.
Attestation Security Access
These authorization options are for work items of authType AttestationWorkItem:
•
The Work Item owner
•
A direct or indirect manager of the Work Item owner
•
An administrator who controls an organization in which the Work Item owner
belongs
•
Users who have been validated through authentication checks
By default, the behavior for authorization checks is as follows:
•
Owner is User attempting the action, OR
•
Owner is in Organization controlled by user attempting the action, OR
•
Owner is a subordinate of user attempting the action.
The second and third checks are independently configurable by modifying these
form properties:
•
controlOrg — Valid values are “true” or “false”
•
subordinate — Valid values are “true” or “false”
•
lastLevel — the last subordinate level to include in the result; -1 means all
levels
The integer value for lastLevel defaults to -1, meaning direct and indirect
subordinates.
These options can be added or modified in the following:
UserForm: AccessApprovalList
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.
NOTE
If security on attestations is set to organization-controlled, then the
Auditor Attestor capability also is required to modify another user's
attestations.
Delegated Attestation
By default, the access scan workflow respects delegations, for work items of type
Access Review Attestation and Access Review Remediation, created by users for
attestation work items and notifications. The access scan administrator may
deselect the Follow Delegation option to ignore delegation settings. If an attestor
has delegated all work items to another user but the Follow Delegation option is
not set for an access review scan, then the attestor—not the user to which
delegations have been assigned—will receive attestation request notifications and
work items.
Planning for a Periodic Access Review
An access review can be a labor- and time-intensive process for any business
enterprise. The Identity Manager periodic access review process helps minimize
the cost and time involved by automating many parts of the process. However,
some of the processes still are time-consuming. For example, the process of
fetching user account data from a number of locations for thousands of users can
take a considerable amount of time. The act of manually attesting records can be
time-consuming as well. Proper planning improves the efficiency of the process
and greatly reduces the effort involved.
Planning for a periodic access review involves the following considerations:
•
Scan times can vary greatly depending on the number of users and the
resources involved.
A single periodic access review for a large organization can take one or more
days for scanning, as well as one or more weeks for manual attestation to
complete.
For example, for an organization with 50,000 users and ten resources, an access
scan might take approximately one day to complete, based on the following
calculation:
1 sec/resource * 50K users * 10 resources / 5 concurrent threads = 28 hours
If resources are spread across geographies, network latencies can add to the
process time.
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•
Using multiple Identity Manager servers for parallel processing can speed up
the access review process.
Running parallel scans is most effective when the resources are not common
across the scans. When defining an access review, create multiple scans and
restrict resources to a specific set of resources, using different resources for
each scan. Then when you launch the task, select multiple scans and schedule
them to run immediately.
•
Customizing the Attestation workflow and rules gives you greater control and
can provide greater efficiency:
For example, customize the Attestor rule to spread attestation duties across
multiple attestors. The attestation process assigns work items and sends out
notifications accordingly.
•
Using Attestor Escalation Rules helps improve response time for attestation
requests.
Set the Default Escalation Attestor rule, or use a customized rule, to set up an
escalation chain of attestors. Also specify escalation timeout values.
•
Understand how to use the Review Determination Rules to save time by
automatically determining which entitlement records need to be manually
reviewed.
•
Bundle notification of attestation requests for a scan by specifying a scan-level
Notification Workflow.
Tuning Scan Tasks
During the scan process, multiple threads access the user’s view, potentially
accessing resources on which the user has accounts. After the view is accessed,
multiple audit policies and rules are evaluated, which may result in the creation of
compliance violations.
To prevent two threads from updating the same user view at the same time, the
process establishes an in-memory lock on the user name. If this lock cannot be
established in (by default) 5 seconds, then an error is written to the scan task and
the user is skipped, thus providing protection for concurrent scans that are
processing the same set of users.
You can edit the values of several “tunable parameters” that are provided as task
arguments to the scan task:
•
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clearUserLocks (Boolean) — If true, then all current user locks are freed before
the scan starts.
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•
userLock (integer) — Time (in milleseconds) to wait when trying to lock a
user. The default value is 5 seconds. A negative value disables locking for that
scan.
•
scanDelay (integer) — Time (in milleseconds) to sleep between dispatching
scan threads. The default value is 0 (no delay). If you provide a value for this
argument, then the scan is slower, but the system is more responsive to other
operations.
•
maxThreads (integer) — Number of concurrent threads used to process a scan.
The default value is 5. If resources are very slow to respond, increasing this
number may increase scan throughput.
To change the values of these parameters, edit the corresponding Task Definition
form. For more information about this task, see Identity Manager Workflows, Forms,
and Views.
Creating an Access Scan
To define the access review scan, follow these steps:
1.
Select Compliance, and then select Manage Access Scans.
2.
Click New to display the Create New Access Scan page.
3.
Assign a name to the access scan.
NOTE
Access scan names cannot contain these characters: ' (apostrophe),
. (period), | (pipe), [ (left bracket), ] (right bracket), , (comma),
: (colon), $ (dollar sign), " (double quote), or = (equals sign).
4.
Optionally add a description that is meaningful in identifying the scan.
5.
Optionally enable the Dynamic entitlements option. If enabled, attestors are
given these additional options:
вќЌ
вќЌ
6.
A pending attestation can be immediately re-scanned to refresh the
entitlement data and re-evaluate the need for attestation.
A pending attestation can be routed to another user for remediation.
Following remediation, the entitlement data is refreshed and re-evaluated
to determine the need for attestation.
Select the User Scope Type from the following options: (This field is required.)
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вќЌ
NOTE
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
According to attribute condition rule — Choose this option to scan users
according to a selected User Scope Rule. Identity Manager provides these
rules:
•
All Administrators
•
All Non-Administrators
•
Users without a Manager
You can add user scoping rules by using the Identity Manager
Integrated Development Environment (IDE). See Identity Manager
Deployment Tools for more information.
Assigned to resources — Choose this option to scan all users that have an
account on one or more selected resources. When you choose this option,
the page displays the User Scope Resources are, which lets you specify
resources.
Members of Organizations— Choose this option to scan all members of
one or more selected organizations.
Reports to managers — Choose this option to scan all users reporting to
selected managers. Manager hierarchy is determined by the Identity
Manager attribute of the user’s Lighthouse account.
If the user scope is organization or manager, then the Recursive Scope option is
available. This option allows for user selection to occur recursively through the
chain of controlled members.
7.
If you choose also to scan audit policies to detect violations during the access
review scan, select the audit policies to apply to this scan by moving your
selections from Available Audit Policies to the Current Audit Policies list.
Adding audit policies to an access scan results in the same behavior as
performing an audit scan over the same set of users. However, in addition, any
violations detected by the audit policies are stored in the user entitlement
record. This information can make automatic approval or rejection easier,
because the rule can use the presence or absence of violations in the user
entitlement record as part of its logic.
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8.
9.
If you scanned audit policies in the preceding step, you can use the Policy
mode option to specify how the access scan determines which audit policies to
execute for a given user. A user can have policies assigned both at the user
level and/or at the organization level. The default access scan behavior is to
apply the policies specified for the access scan only if the user does not already
have any assigned policies.
a.
Apply select policies and ignore other assignments
b.
Apply selected policies only if user does not already have assignments
c.
Apply selected policies in addition to user assignments
(Optional) Specify the Review Process Owner. Use this option to specify an
owner of the access review task being defined. If a Review Process Owner is
specified, then an attestor who encounters a potential conflict in responding to
an attestation request can abstain in lieu of approving or rejecting a user
entitlement and the attestation request is forwarded to the Review Process
Owner. Click the selection (ellipsis) box to search the user accounts and make
your selection.
10. Follow delegation — Select this option to enable delegation for the access scan.
The access scan will only honor delegation settings if this option is checked.
Follow Delegation is enabled by default.
11. Restrict target resources — Select this option to restrict scanning to targeted
resources.
This setting has a direct bearing on the efficiency of the access scan. If target
resources are not restricted, each user entitlement record will include account
information for every resource the user is linked to. This means that during the
scan every assigned resource is queried for each user. By using this option to
specify a subset of the resources, you can greatly reduce the processing time
required for Identity Manager to create user entitlement records.
12. Execute Violation Remediation — Select this option to enable the audit
policy’s remediation workflow when a violation is detected.
If this option is selected, then a violation detected for any of the assigned audit
policies will result in the respective audit policy’s remediation workflow being
executed.
Typically, this option should not be selected except for advanced cases.
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13. Access Approval Workflow — Select the default Standard Attestation
workflow or select a customized workflow if available.
This workflow is used to present the user entitlement record for review to the
appropriate attestors (as determined by the attestor rule). The default Standard
Attestation Workflow creates one work item for each attestor. If the access scan
specifies escalation, this workflow is responsible for escalating work items that
have been dormant too long. If no workflow is specified, the user attestation
will remain in the pending state indefinitely.
14. Attestor Rule — Select the Default Attestor rule, or select a customized attestor
rule if available.
The attestor rule is given the user entitlement record as input, and returns a list
of attestor names. If Follow Delegation is selected, the access scan transforms
the list of names to the appropriate users following the delegation information
configured by each user in the original list of names. If an Identity Manager
user’s delegation results in a routing cycle, then the delegation information is
discarded, and the work item is delivered to the initial attestor. The Default
Attestor rule indicates that the attestor should be the manager (idmManager)
of the user that the entitlement record represents, or the Configurator account
if that user’s idmManager is null. If attestation needs to involve resource owners
as well as managers, you must use a custom rule. For information about
customizing rules, see the Identity Manager Deployment Tools guide.
15. Attestor Escalation Rule — Use this option to specify the Default Escalation
Attestor rule, or select a customized rule if available. You can also specify the
Escalation Timeout value for the rule. The default escalation timeout value is 0
days.
This rule specifies the escalation chain for a work item that has passed the
Escalation Timeout period. The Default Escalation Attestor rule escalates to the
assigned attestor’s manager (idmManager), or to Configurator if the attestor’s
idmManager value is null.
You can specify the Escalation Timeout value in minutes, hours, or days.
16. Review Determination Rule — Select one of the following rules to specify how
the scan process will determine the disposition of an entitlement record: (This
field is required.)
вќЌ
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Reject Changed Users — Automatically rejects a user entitlement record if
it is different than the last user entitlement from the same access scan
definition and the last user entitlement was approved. Otherwise, forces
manual attestation and approves all user entitlements that are unchanged
from the previously approved user entitlement. By default, only the
“accounts” portion of the user view is compared for this rule.
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вќЌ
вќЌ
NOTE
Review Changed Users — Forces manual attestation for any user
entitlement record if it is different than the last user entitlement from the
same access scan definition and the last user entitlement was approved.
Approves all user entitlements that are unchanged from the previously
approved user entitlement. By default, only the “accounts” portion of the
user view is compared for this rule.
Review Everyone — Forces manual attestation for all user entitlement
records.
The Reject Changed Users and Review Changed Users rules
compare the user entitlement to the last instance of the same access
scan in which the entitlement record was approved.
You can change this behavior by copying and modifying the rules to
restrict comparison to any selected part of the user view. See Identity
Manager Deployment Tools for information about customizing rules.
This rule can return values of:
вќЌ
-1 — no attestation required
вќЌ
0 — automatically rejects the attestation
вќЌ
1 — manual attestation required
вќЌ
2 — automatically approves the attestation
вќЌ
3 — automatically remediates the attestation (auto-remediation)
17. Remediator Rule — Select the rule to be used to determine who should
remediate a specific user’s entitlement in the event of Auto-Remediation. The
rule can examine the user’s current user entitlement and violations, and must
return a list of users that should remediate. If no rule is specified, then no
remediation will take place. A common use for this rule would be if the
entitlement has compliance violations.
18. Remediation User Form Rule — Select a rule to be used to select an
appropriate form for attestation remediators when editing users. Remediators
can set their own form, which overrides this one. This form rule would be set if
the scan collects very specific data that matches a custom form.
19. Notification Workflow — Select one of the following options to specify the
notification behavior for each work item.
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вќЌ
вќЌ
None — This is the default selection. This selection results in an attestor
getting an email notification for each individual user entitlement that he
must attest.
ScanNotification —This selection bundles attestation requests into a
single notification. The notification indicates how many attestation
requests were assigned to the recipient.
If there is a Review Process Owner specified in the access scan, the
ScanNotification Workflow will also send a notification to the review
process owner when the scan begins, and when it ends. See Step 9.
The ScanNotification workflow uses the following email templates
•
Access Scan Begin Notice
•
Access Scan End Notice
•
Bulk Attestation Notice
You can customize the ScanNotification Workflow.
20. Violation limit — Use this option to specify the maximum number of
compliance violations that can be emitted by this scan before the scan aborts.
The default limit is 1000. An empty value field is equal to no limit.
Although typically during an audit scan or access scan the number of policy
violations is small compared to the number of users, setting this value could
provide protection from the impact of a defective policy that increases the
number of violations significantly. For example, consider the following
scenario:
If an access scan involves 50,000 users and generates two to three violations per
user, the cost of remediation for each compliance violation can have a
detrimental effect on the Identity Manager system.
21. Organizations — Select the organizations to which this access scan object is
available. This is a required field.
Click Save to save the scan definition.
Deleting an Access Scan
You can delete one or more access scans. To delete an access scan, from the
Compliance tab select Manage Access Scans, select the name of the scan, and then
click Delete.
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Managing Access Reviews
After defining an access scan, you can use or schedule it as part of an access review.
After initiating an access review, several options are available to manage the
review process. Read the following sections for more information about:
•
Launching an Access Review
•
Scheduling Access Review Tasks
•
Managing Access Review Progress
•
Modifying Scan Attributes
•
Canceling an Access Review
Launching an Access Review
To launch an access review from the Administrator interface, use one of these
methods:
•
Click Launch Review from the Compliance > Access Reviews page.
•
Select the Access Review task in the Server Tasks > Run Tasks page.
On the displayed Launch Task page, specify a name for the access review. Select
the scans from the Available Access Scans list and move them to the Selected list. If
you select more than one scan, you can choose one of the following launch options:
•
immediately — This option starts running the scan immediately upon clicking
the Launch button. If you select this option for multiple scans in the launch
task, then the scans will run in parallel.
•
after waiting — This option allows you to specify a period of time to wait
before launching the scan, relative to the launch of the access review task.
NOTE
You can initiate more than one scan during an access review session.
However, consider that each scan may involve a large number of
users, and therefore the scan process can take many hours to
complete. Best practice dictates that you manage your scans
accordingly. For example, you might launch one scan to run
immediately and schedule other scans at staggered intervals.
Click Launch to start the access review process.
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NOTE
The name you assign to an access review is important. Access
reviews that run on a periodic basis with the same name can be
compared by some reports.
When you launch an access review, the workflow process diagram is displayed,
showing the steps in the process.
Scheduling Access Review Tasks
An access review task can be scheduled from the Server Tasks area. For example to
set up access reviews on a periodic basis, select Manage Schedule and then define
the schedule. You might schedule the task to occur every month or every quarter.
To define the schedule, select the Access Review task on the Schedule Tasks page
and then complete the information on the Create task schedule page.
Click Save to save the scheduled task.
NOTE
Identity Manager keeps the results from access review tasks for one
week, by default. If you choose to schedule a review more often than
once a week, set the Results Options to delete. If Results Options are
not set to delete, the new review will not run because the previous
task results still exist.
Managing Access Review Progress
Use the Access Reviews tab to monitor the progress of an access review. Access
this feature through the Compliance tab.
From the Access Reviews tab you can review a summary of all active and
previously processed access reviews. The following information is provided for
each access review listed:
404
•
Status — Current status of the review process: initializing, terminating,
terminated, number of scans in progress, number of scans scheduled, awaiting
attestations, or completed.
•
Launch Date — The date (timestamp) the access review task started.
•
Total Users — Total number of users to be scanned.
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•
Entitlements details — Additional columns in the table provide entitlement
totals by status. These include details for pending, approved, rejected,
terminated, and remediated entitlements, as well as total entitlements.
The Remediated column indicates the number of entitlements currently in the
REMEDIATING state. After an entitlement is remediated, it goes to the
PENDING state; therefore, at the conclusion of an access review, the value of
this column is zero.
To view more detailed information about the review, select it to open a summary
report.
Figure 11-16 shows a sample Access Review Summary report.
Figure 11-16 Access Review Summary Report Page
Click the Organization or Attestors form tab to view scan information categorized
by those objects.
You can also review and download this information in a report by running the
Access Review Summary Report.
Modifying Scan Attributes
After setting up an access scan, you can edit the scan to specify new options, such
as specifying target resources to scan or specifying audit policies to scan for
violations while the access scan is running.
To edit a scan definition, select it from the list of Access Scans, and then modify the
attributes on the Edit Access Review Scan page.
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You must click Save to save any changes to the scan definition.
NOTE
Changing the scope of an access scan might change the information
in newly-acquired user entitlement records, as it can affect the
Review Determination Rule if that rule compares user entitlements
to older user entitlement records.
Canceling an Access Review
From the Access Reviews page, click Terminate to stop a selected review in
progress. Terminating a review causes these actions to occur:
•
Any scheduled scans are unscheduled
•
Any active scans are halted
•
All pending workflows and work items are deleted
•
All pending attestations are marked canceled
•
Any attestations that users completed are left unchanged
Deleting an Access Review
From the Access Reviews page, click Delete to delete a selected review.
You can delete an access review if the status of the task is terminated or completed.
An access review task in progress cannot be deleted unless it is first terminated.
Deleting an access review deletes all user entitlement records that were generated
by the review. The delete action is recorded in the audit log.
To delete an access review, click Delete from the Access Reviews page.
NOTE
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Canceling and deleting an access review may result in updates to a
large number of Identity Manager objects and tasks, and can take
several minutes to complete. You can check the progress of the
operation by viewing the task results in Sever Tasks > All Tasks.
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Managing Attestation Duties
You can manage attestation requests from the Identity Manager Administrator or
User interface. This section provides information about responding to attestation
requests and the duties involved in attestation.
Access Review Notification
During a scan, Identity Manager sends notification to Attestors when attestation
requests require their approval. If attestor responsibilities have been delegated, the
requests are sent to the delegate. If multiple attestors are defined, each attestor
receives an email notification.
Requests appear as Attestation work items in the Identity Manager interface.
Pending attestation work items are displayed when the assigned attestor logs in to
Identity Manager.
Viewing Pending Requests
View attestation work items from the Work Items area of the interface. Selecting
the Attestation tab in the Work Items area lists all the entitlement records requiring
approval. From the Attestations page, you can also list entitlement records for all of
your direct reports and for specified users for which you have direct or indirect
control.
Acting on Entitlement Records
Attestation work items contain the user entitlement records requiring review.
Entitlement records provide information about user access privileges, assigned
resources, and policy violations.
The following are possible responses to an attestation request:
•
Approve — Attests that the entitlement is appropriate as of the date recorded
in the entitlement record.
•
Reject — The entitlement record indicates possible discrepancies that cannot
be currently validated or remediated.
•
Rescan — Requests a rescan to re-evaluate the user entitlement.
•
Forward — Enables you to specify another recipient for review.
•
Abstain — Attestation for this record is not appropriate, and a more
appropriate attestor is not known. The attestation work item is forwarded to
the Review Process Owner. This option is available only if a Review Process
Owner has been defined in the Access Review task.
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If an attestor does not respond to a request by taking one of these actions before the
specified escalation timeout period, notice is sent to the next attestor in the
escalation chain. The notification process continues until a response is logged.
Attestation status can be monitored from the Compliance > Access Reviews tab.
Closed-Loop Remediation
You can avoid rejecting user entitlements by:
•
Marking an entitlement as needing to be fixed by requesting a fix from another
user (Request Remediation). In this case, a new remediation work item is
created and assigned to one or more specified remediators.
The new remediator can then choose to edit the user, either by using Identity
Manager or independently, and then mark the work item as remediated when
satisfied. At that point, the user entitlement is rescanned and evaluated again.
•
Requesting a re-evaluation of the entitlement (Rescan). In this case, the user
entitlement is rescanned and evaluated again. The original attestation work
item is closed. A new attestation work item is created if the entitlement still
requires attestation according to the rules defined in the access scan.
Requesting Remediation
If defined by the access scan, you can route a pending attestation to another user
for remediation.
NOTE
The Dynamic Entitlements option on the Create or Edit Access Scan
pages enables this feature.
To request remediation from another user:
1.
Select one or more entitlements from the list of attestations, and then click
Request Remediation.
The Select and Confirm to Request Remediation page appears.
2.
Enter a user name, and then click Add to add the user to the Forward to field.
Alternatively, click ... (More) to search for a user. Select the user in the search
list, and then click Add to add the user to the Forward to list. Click Dismiss to
close the Search area.
3.
Enter comments in the Comments field, and then click Proceed.
Identity Manager returns to the list of attestations.
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NOTE
Details of the remediation request appear in the History area of the
individual user entitlement.
Rescanning Attestations
If defined by the access scan, you can rescan and re-evaluate a pending attestation.
NOTE
The Dynamic Entitlements option on the Create or Edit Access Scan
pages enables this feature.
To rescan a pending attestation:
1.
Select one or more entitlements from the list of attestations, and then click
Rescan.
The Rescan User Entitlements page appears.
2.
Enter comments about the rescan action in the Comments area, and then click
Proceed.
Forwarding Attestation Work Items
You can forward one or more attestation work items to another user. To forward
attestations:
1.
Select one or more work items in the attestation list, and then click Forward.
The Select and Confirm Forwarding page appears.
2.
Enter a user name in the Forward to field. Alternatively, click ... (More) to
search for a user name.
3.
Enter comments about the forwarding action in the Comments field.
4.
Click Proceed.
Identity Manager returns to the list of attestations.
NOTE
Details of the forwarding action appear in the History area of the
individual user entitlement.
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Digitally Signing Access Review Actions
You can set up digital signing to handle access review actions. For information
about configuring digital signatures, see “Signing Approvals” on page 201. The
topics discussed there explain the server-side and client-side configuration
required to add the certificate and CRL to Identity Manager for signed approvals.
Access Review Reports
Identity Manager provides the following reports to enable you to evaluate the
results of an access review:
•
Access Review Coverage Report — This report provides the following
information, in table format:
•
Access Review Detail Report — This report provides the following
information, in table format:
вќЌ
вќЌ
Name — Name of user entitlement record
Status — Current status of the review process: initializing, terminating,
terminated, number of scans in progress, number of scans scheduled,
awaiting attestation, or completed
вќЌ
Attestor — Identity Manager users assigned as the attestor for the record
вќЌ
Scan Date — Timestamp recorded for when the scan occurred
вќЌ
Disposition Date — Date (timestamp) when entitlement record was
attested
вќЌ
Organization — Organization of user in the entitlement records
вќЌ
Manager — Manager of a scanned user
вќЌ
вќЌ
Resources — Resources the user has accounts on that were captured in this
user entitlement
Violations — Number of violations detected during the review
Click a name in the report to open the user entitlement record. Figure 11-17 shows
a sample of the information provided in the user entitlement record view.
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Figure 11-17 User Entitlement Record
•
Access Review Summary Report — This report, also discussed in “Managing
Access Review Progress” on page 404 and illustrated in Figure 11-16, shows
the following summary information about the access scans you select for the
report:
вќЌ
Review Name — Name of the access scan
вќЌ
Status — Timestamp for when the review was launched
вќЌ
User Count — Number of users scanned for the review
вќЌ
Entitlement Count — Number of entitlement records generated
вќЌ
Approved — Number of entitlement records approved
вќЌ
Rejected — Number of entitlement records rejected
вќЌ
Pending — Number of entitlement records still pending
вќЌ
Canceled — Number of entitlement records canceled
These reports are available for download, in Portable Document Format (PDF) or
comma-separated value (CSV) format, from the Run Reports page.
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Access Review Remediation
Compliance violation remediation and mitigation, and access review remediation,
are managed from the Remediations area of the Work Items tab. However, there
are differences between the two remediation types. This section describes the
unique behavior of access review remediation, and how it differs from the
remediation tasks and information described in “Compliance Violation
Remediation and Mitigation” on page 382.
About Access Review Remediation
When an attestor requests that a user entitlement be remediated, the Standard
Attestation workflow creates a remediation request, which must be addressed by a
remediator (a designated user who is allowed to evaluate and respond to
remediation requests).
The problem can only be remediated; it cannot be mitigated. Attestation cannot
continue until the problem is resolved.
When remediations result from an access review, then the Access Review
dashboard tracks all attestors and remediators involved with the review.
Remediator Escalation
Access Review remediation requests are not escalated beyond the initial
remediator.
Remediation Workflow Process
The logic of access review remediation is defined in the Standard Attestation
workflow.
When an attestor requests remediation of a user entitlement, the Standard
Attestation workflow:
412
•
Generates a remediation request (of type accessReviewRemediation) that
contains information about the user entitlement requiring remediation.
•
Sends an email to the requested remediator.
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Access Review Remediation
The new remediator can then choose to edit the user, either by using Identity
Manager or independently, and then mark the work item as remediated when
satisfied. At that point, the user entitlement is rescanned and evaluated again.
Remediation Responses
By default, three response options are given to the access review remediator:
•
Remediate — A remediator indicates that something has been done to fix the
problem.
The user entitlement is then rescanned and evaluated again. If the user
entitlement is again marked as requiring attestation, then the original attestor
will see the user entitlement show again in his Attestations work item list.
Details of the remediation request action appear in the History area of the
individual user entitlement.
•
Forward — A remediator reassigns the responsibility for resolving the
remediation request to another individual.
Details of the forwarding action appear in the History area of the individual
user entitlement.
•
Edit User — A remediator chooses to directly edit the user to remediate the
problem.
This button is shown only if the remediator has permission to modify users.
After making changes to the user and clicking Save, the remediator is taken to
the Remediation confirmation page to supply a comment describing the
change made to the user.
The user entitlement is then rescanned and evaluated again. If the user
entitlement is again marked as requiring attestation, then the original attestor
will see the user entitlement show again in his Attestations work item list.
Details of the edit appear as a remediation request action in the History area of
the individual user entitlement.
Working with the Remediations page
The Type column is shown as UE (user entitlement) for all remediation work items
that are access review remediation work items.
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Identity Auditing Tasks Reference
Unsupported Access Review Remediation
Actions
The prioritization and mitigation features are not supported for access review
remediations.
Identity Auditing Tasks Reference
Table 11-3 provides a quick reference to commonly performed identity auditing
tasks. The table shows the primary Identity Manager interface location where you
will go to begin each task, as well as alternate locations or methods (if available)
that you can use to perform the task.
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Table 11-3
Identity Auditing Task Reference
To Do This:
Go To:
Create, edit, or delete an audit policy
Compliance tab, Manage Policies subtab
Define remediators and assign remediation
workflows for an audit policy
Compliance tab, Manage Policies subtab
Perform an audit scan on one or more users or
organizations
Accounts tab, select Scan from the User Actions or
Organization Actions list
Respond to policy violation remediation requests
Work Items tab, Remediations subtab
Mitigate policy violations
Work Items tab, Remediations subtab
Review remediated policy violations
Work Items tab, Remediations subtab
Generate audit policy reports
Reports tab, Run Report subtab
Disable or enable auditing
Configure tab, Audit subtab
Set up audit events to capture
Configure tab, Audit subtab
Edit administrator audit capabilities
Security tab, Capabilities subtab
Set up email templates for audit notification
Configure tab, Email Templates subtab
Import data files/rules (such as XML-format forms)
Configure tab, Import Exchange File subtab
Define an access review scan
Compliance tab, Manage Scans subtab
Run an access review
Compliance tab, Access Reviews subtab
Terminate an access review
Compliance tab, Access Reviews subtab
Schedule an access review
Server Tasks tab, Manage Schedule subtab
Set up periodic access reviews
Compliance tab, Manage Access Scans subtab
Monitor access review status
Compliance tab, Access Reviews subtab
Configure attestors
Compliance tab, Manage Access Scans subtab
Perform Attestor duties (review and certify user
entitlements)
Work Items tab, My Work Items tab, Attestation subtab
Review separation-of-duties report
Reports tab, Run Report subtab
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Chapter 12
Audit Logging
This chapter describes how the Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager auditing
system records events. The information is organized as follows:
•
Overview
•
What Does Identity Manager Audit?
•
Creating Events
•
Audit Configuration
•
Database Schema
•
Log Database Keys
•
Preventing Audit Log Tampering
•
Using Custom Publishers
417
Overview
Overview
The purpose of Identity Manager auditing is to record who did what, when, and to
which Identity Manager objects.
Audit events are handled by one or more publishers. By default, Identity Manager
records audit events in the repository using the repository publisher. Filtering,
with the help of audit groups, allows the administrator to select a subset of audit
events for recording. Each publisher can be assigned one or more audit groups that
are enabled initially.
NOTE
For information about monitoring and managing user violations,
see Chapter 11, “Identity Auditing.”.
What Does Identity Manager Audit?
Most default auditing is carried out by internal Identity Manager components.
However, there are interfaces that allow events to be generated from workflow or
from Java code.
The default Identity Manager audit instrumentation focuses on four main areas:
418
•
Provisioner – An internal component known as the provisioner may generate
audit events.
•
View Handlers – In the view architecture, the view handler needs to generate
audit records. A view handler should always audit when objects are created
or modified.
•
Session – The session methods (such as checkinObject, createObject,
runTask, login, and logout) create an audit record after completing an
auditable operation. Most of the instrumentation is pushed into the view
handlers.
•
Workflow – By default, only the approval workflows are instrumented to
generate audit records. These generate an audit event when requests are
approved or rejected. The workflow feature’s interface to the audit logger is
through the com.waveset.session.WorkflowServices application.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Creating Events
Creating Events
Although Identity Manager handles internal auditing, in some cases you may want
to log audit events from custom workflows.
Auditing from Workflow
Use the com.waveset.session.WorkflowServices application to generate audit
events from any workflow process. Table 12-1 describes the arguments that are
available for this application.
Table 12-1
Arguments for com.waveset.session.WorkflowServices
Argument
Type
Description
op
String
Operation for WorkflowServices. Must be set to audit.
type
String
Name of the object type that is being audited.
action
String
Name of the action that was performed.
status
String
Name of the status for the specified action.
name
String
Name of the object being affected by the specified action.
resource
String
(Optional) Name of the resource where the object being changed resides.
accountId
String
(Optional) Account ID that is being modified.
This should be a native resource account name.
error
String
(Optional) Localized error string to accompany any failures.
reason
String
(Optional) Name of the ReasonDenied object, which maps to an
internationalized message describing the causes of common failures.
attributes
Map
(Optional) Map of attribute names and values that were added or modified.
parameters
Map
(Optional) Maps up to five additional names or values that are relevant to an
event.
organizations
List
List of organization names or IDs where this event will be placed. This is used for
organizational scoping of the audit log. If not present, the handler will attempt to
resolve the organization based on the type and name. If the organization cannot
be resolved, the event is placed in Top (the highest level of the organizations
hierarchy).
originalAttributes
Map
(Optional) Map of old attribute values. The names should match the ones listed
in the attributes argument. The values will be any previous value you wish to
save in your audit log.
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Creating Events
Refer to Table 12-18 for a list of default object, action, and status names.
Examples
Code Example 12-1 illustrates a simple workflow activity. It shows the generation
of an event that will log a resource deletion activity named ADSIResource1,
performed by ResourceAdministrator:
Code Example 12-1
Simple Workflow Activity
<Activity name='createEvent'>
<Action class='com.waveset.session.WorkflowServices'>
<Argument name='op' value='audit'/>
<Argument name='type' value='Resource'/>
<Argument name='action' value='Delete'/>
<Argument name='status' value='Success'/>
<Argument name='subject' value='ResourceAdministrator'/>
<Argument name='name' value='ADSIResource1'/>
</Action>
<Transition to='end'/>
</Activity>
Code Example 12-2 shows how you can add specific attributes to a workflow that
tracks the changes applied by each user in an approval process to a granular level.
This addition typically will follow a ManualAction that solicits input from a user.
ACTUAL_APPROVER is set in the form and in the workflow (if approving from the
approvals table) based on the person who actually performed the approval.
APPROVER identifies the person to whom it was assigned.
Code Example 12-2
Attributes Added to Track Changes in an Approval Process
<Action name='Audit the Approval'
application='com.waveset.session.WorkflowServices'>
<Argument name='op' value='audit'/>
<Argument name='type' value='User'/>
<Argument name='name' value='$(CUSTOM_DESCRIPTION)'/>
<Argument name='action' value='approve'/>
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Code Example 12-2
Attributes Added to Track Changes in an Approval Process
<Action name='Audit the Approval'
application='com.waveset.session.WorkflowServices'>
<Argument name='accountId' value='$(accountId)'/>
<Argument name='status' value='success'/>
<Argument name='resource' value='$(RESOURCE_IF_APPLICABLE)'/>
<Argument name='loginApplication' value='$(loginApplication)'/>
<Argument name='attributes'>
<map>
<s>fullname</s><ref>user.accounts[Lighthouse].fullname</ref>
<s>jobTitle</s><ref>user.accounts[Lighthouse].jobTitle</ref>
<s>location</s><ref>user.accounts[Lighthouse].location</ref>
<s>team</s><ref>user.waveset.organization</ref>
<s>agency</s><ref>user.accounts[Lighthouse].agency</ref>
</map>
</Argument>
<Argument name='originalAttributes'>
<map>
<s>fullname</s>
<s>User's previous fullname</s>
<s>jobTitle</s>
<s>User's previous job title</s>
<s>location</s>
<s>User's previous location</s>
<s>team</s>
<s>User's previous team</s>
<s>agency</s>
<s>User's previous agency</s>
</map>
</Argument>
<Argument name='attributes'>
<map>
<s>firstname</s>
<s>Joe</s>
<s>lastname</s>
<s>New</s>
</map>
</Argument>
<Argument name='subject'>
<or>
<ref>ACTUAL_APPROVER</ref>
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Audit Configuration
Code Example 12-2
Attributes Added to Track Changes in an Approval Process
<Action name='Audit the Approval'
application='com.waveset.session.WorkflowServices'>
<ref>APPROVER</ref>
</or>
</Argument>
<Argument name='approver' value='$(APPROVER)'/>
</Action>
Audit Configuration
The audit configuration is composed of one or more publishers and several
pre-defined groups.
An audit group defines a subset of all audit events based on the object types,
actions and action results. Each publisher is assigned one or more audit groups. By
default, the repository publisher is assigned to all audit groups.
An audit publisher delivers audit events to a particular audit destination. The
default repository publisher writes audit records into the repository. Each audit
publisher may have implementation specific options. Audit publishers may have a
text formatter assigned: text formatters provide textual representation of audit
events.
The Audit Configuration (#ID#Configuration:AuditConfiguration) object is
defined in the sample/auditconfig.xml file. This configuration object has an
extension that is a generic object. At the top level, it has the following attributes:
•
filterConfiguration
•
extendedTypes
•
extendedActions
•
extendedResults
•
publishers
filterConfiguration
The filterConfiguration attribute lists event groups, which are used to enable
one or more events to pass through the event filter. Each group listed in the
filterConfiguration attribute contains the attributes listed in Table 12-2.
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Table 12-2
filterConfiguration Attributes
Attribute
Type
Description
groupName
String
Event group name
displayName
String
Message catalog key representing the group name
enabled
String
Boolean flag indicating whether the entire group is enabled or
disabled. This attribute is an optimization for the filtering object.
enabledEvents
List
List of generic objects that describe which events a group enables.
An event must be listed to enable its logging. Each object listed
must have these attributes:
•
objectType (String) – Name the objectType.
•
actions (List) – List of one or more actions.
•
results (List) – List of one or more results.
Code Example 12-3 illustrates the default Resource Management group.
Code Example 12-3
Default Resource Management Group
<Object name='Resource Management'>
<Attribute name='enabled' value='true'/>
<Attribute name='displayName'
value='UI_RESOURCE_MGMT_GROUP_DISPLAYNAME'/>
<Attribute name='enabledEvents'>
<List>
<Object>
<Attribute name='objectType' value='Resource'/>
<Attribute name='actions' value='ALL'/>
<Attribute name='results' value='ALL'/>
</Object>
<Object>
<Attribute name='objectType' value='ResourceObject'/>
<Attribute name='actions' value='ALL'/>
<Attribute name='results' value='ALL'/>
</Object>
</List>
</Attribute>
</Object>
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Audit Configuration
Identity Manager provides the following default event groups:
•
Account Management
•
Compliance Management
•
Configuration Management
•
Identity Manager Login/Logoff
•
Password Management
•
Resource Management
•
Role Management
•
Security Management
•
Task Management
•
Changes Outside Identity Manager
•
Service Provider Edition
You can configure each group from the Audit Events page of the Identity Manager
administrative interface (configure/auditeventconfig.jsp). The page allows you
to configure successful or failed events for each group. The interface does not
support adding or modifying enabledEvents for groups, but you can do this by
using the Identity Manager debug pages.
The default event groups and the events they enable are described in the following
sections.
Account Management
This group is enabled by default.
Table 12-3
424
Default Account Management Event Groups
Type
Actions
Resource Account
Create, Update, Delete, Enable, Disable, Reject, Approve, Rename
Identity Manager Account
Create, Update, Delete, Enable, Disable, Rename
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Audit Configuration
Compliance Management
This group is enabled by default.
Table 12-4
Default Compliance Management Group Events
Type
Actions
AuditPolicy
All Actions
ComplianceViolation
All Actions
Remediation Workflow
All Actions
Configuration Management
This group is enabled by default.
Table 12-5
Default Configuration Management Event Groups
Type
Actions
Configuration
All Actions
UserForm
All Actions
Rule
All Actions
EmailTemplate
All Actions
LoginConfig
All Actions
Policy
All Actions
XMLData
Import
Log
All Actions
Identity Manager Login/Logoff
This group is enabled by default.
Table 12-6
Default Identity Manager Login/Logoff Event Groups
Type
Actions
User
Login, Logoff, Credentials Expired
Administrator
Login, Logoff, Credentials Expired
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Audit Configuration
Password Management
This group is enabled by default.
Table 12-7
Default Password Management Event Groups and Events
Type
Actions
Resource Account
Change/Reset Password
Resource Management
This group is enabled by default.
Table 12-8
Default Resource Management Event Groups and Events
Type
Actions
Resource
All Actions
Resource Object
All Actions
ResourceForm
All Actions
ResourceAction
All Actions
AttrParse
All Actions
Role Management
This group is disabled by default.
Table 12-9
426
Default Role Management Event Groups and Events
Type
Actions
Role
All Actions
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Audit Configuration
Security Management
This group is enabled by default.
Table 12-10 Default Security Management Event Groups and Events
Type
Actions
ObjectGroup
All Actions
AdminGroup
All Actions
Administrator
All Actions
EncryptionKey
All Actions
Task Management
This group is disabled by default.
Table 12-11 Task Management Event Groups and Events
Type
Actions
TaskInstance
All Actions
TaskDefinition
All Actions
TaskSchedule
All Actions
TaskResult
All Actions
ProvisioningTask
All Actions
Changes Outside Identity Manager
This group is disabled by default.
Table 12-12 Changes Outside Identity Manager Event Groups and Events
Type
Actions
ResourceAccount
NativeChange
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Audit Configuration
Service Provider Edition
This group is enabled by default.
Table 12-13 Service Provider Edition Event Groups and Events
Type
Actions
IDMXUser
Create, Modify, Delete, Username Recovery, Challenge Response,
Update Authentication Answers, Pre-Operation and Post-Operation
Callouts,
extendedTypes
Each new Type that you add to the com.waveset.object.Type class can be audited.
A new Type must be assigned a unique two-character database key, which is
stored in the database. All new Types are added to the various audit reporting
interfaces. Each new Type to be logged to the database without being filtered must
be added to an audit event groups enabledEvents attribute (as described with the
enabledEvents attribute).
There may be situations in which you want to audit something that does not have
an associated com.waveset.objectType, or where you want to represent an
existing type more granularly.
For example, the WSUser object stores all of the user's account information in the
repository. Instead of marking each event as a USER type, the auditing process splits
the WSUser object into two different audit types (Resource Account and Identity
Manager Account). Splitting the object in this way makes it easier to find specific
account information in the audit log.
Add extended audit types by adding to the extendedObjects attribute. Each
extended object must have the attributes listed in the following table:
Table 12-14 Extended Object Attributes
Argument
Type
Description
name
String
The name of the type, which is used when constructing AuditEvents and
during event filtering.
displayName
String
A message catalog key that represents the name of the type.
logDbKey
String
Two-character database key to use when storing this object in the Log
table. See “Log Database Keys” for reserved values.
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Table 12-14 Extended Object Attributes
Argument
Type
Description
supportedActions
List
Actions supported by the object type. This attribute will be used when
creating audit queries from the user interface. If this value is null, all
actions will be displayed as possible values to be queried for this object
type.
mapsToType
String
(Optional) The name of the com.waveset.object.Type that maps to this
type, if applicable. This attribute is used when attempting to resolve an
object organizational membership if not already specified on the event.
organizationalMembership
List
(Optional) A default list of organization IDs where events of this type
should be placed, if they do not already have assigned organizational
membership.
All customer-specific keys should start with the # symbol to prevent duplicate keys
when new internal keys are added.
Code Example 12-4 illustrates the extended-type Identity Manager Account.
Code Example 12-4
Extended Type Identity Manager Account
<Object name='LighthouseAccount'>
<Attribute name='displayName' value='LG_LIGHTHOUSE_ACCOUNT'/>
<Attribute name='logDbKey' value='LA'/>
<Attribute name='mapsToType' value='User'/>
<Attribute name='supportedActions'>
<List>
<String>Disable</String>
<String>Enable</String>
<String>Create</String>
<String>Modify</String>
<String>Delete</String>
<String>Rename</String>
</List>
</Attribute>
</Object>
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Audit Configuration
extendedActions
Audit actions typically map to com.waveset.security.Right objects. When
adding new Right objects, you must specify a unique two-character logDbKey,
which will be stored in the database. You may encounter situations where there is
no right to correspond to a particular action that must be audited. You can extend
actions by adding them to the list of objects in the extendedActions attribute.
Each extendedActions object must include the attributes listed in Table 12-15.
Table 12-15 extendedAction Attributes
Attribute
Type
Description
name
String
The name of the action, which is used when constructing
AuditEvents and during event filtering.
displayName
String
A message catalog key that represents the name of the action.
logDbKey
String
Two-character database key to use when storing this action in the
Log table.
See “Log Database Keys” for reserved values.
All customer-specific keys should start with the # symbol to prevent duplicate keys
when new internal keys are added.
Code Example 12-5 illustrates adding an action for Logout.
Code Example 12-5
Adding an Action for Logout
<Object name='Logout'>
<Attribute name='displayName' value='LG_LOGOUT'/>
<Attribute name='logDbKey' value='LO'/>
</Object>
extendedResults
In addition to extending audit types and actions, you can add results. By default,
there are two results: Success and Failure. You can extend results by adding them to
the list of objects in the extendedResults attribute.
Each extendedResults object must include the attributes described in Table 12-16.
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Table 12-16 extendedResults Attributes
Attribute
Type
Description
name
String
The name of the result, which is used when setting the status on
AuditEvents and during event filtering.
displayName
String
A message catalog key that represents the name of a result.
logDbKey
String
One-character database key to use when storing this result in the
Log table. See the section titled Database Keys for reserved
values.
All customer-specific keys should use the range 0–9 to prevent duplicate keys
when new internal keys are added.
publishers
Each item in the publishers list is a generic object. Each publisher has the following
attributes:
Table 12-17 publishers Attributes
Attribute
Type
Description
class
String
The name of the publisher class.
displayName
String
A message catalog key that represents the name of the publisher.
description
String
A description of the publisher.
filters
List
A list of audit groups assigned to this publisher.
formatter
String
The name of the text formatter (if any).
options
List
A list of publisher options. These options are publisher specific;
each item in the list is a map representation of PublisherOption.
See sample/auditconfig.xml for examples.
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Database Schema
Database Schema
There are two tables in the Identity Manager database that are used to store
audit data:
•
waveset.log – Stores most of the event details.
•
waveset.logattr – Stores the IDs of the organizations to which each event
belongs.
waveset.log
This section lists the various column names and data types found in the
waveset.log table. The data types are taken from the Oracle database definition
and will vary slightly from database to database. For a list of data schema values
for all supported databases, see Appendix C, “Audit Log Database Schema.”
A few of the column values are stored as keys in the database for space
optimization. For key definitions, see the section titled “Log Database Keys.”
432
•
objectType CHAR(2) – A two-character key that represents the object type that
is being audited.
•
action CHAR(2) – A two-character key that represents the action that was
performed.
•
actionStatus CHAR(1) – A one-character key that represents the result of the
action that was performed.
•
reason CHAR(2) – A two-character database key to describe a ReasonDenied
object if there was a failure. ReasonDenied is a class that wraps a message
catalog entry and is used for common failures such as invalid credentials and
insufficient privileges.
•
actionDateTime VARCHAR(21) – The date and time in which the above
action took place. This value is stored in GMT time.
•
objectName VARCHAR(128) – The name of the object that was acted on
during an operation.
•
resourceName VARCHAR(128) – The resource name that was used during an
operation, if applicable. Some events do not reference resources; however, in
many situations it gives greater detail to log the resource where an operation
has performed.
•
accountName VARCHAR(255) – The account ID being acted on, if applicable.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Database Schema
•
server VARCHAR(128) – The server where the action was performed
(automatically assigned by the event logger).
•
message VARCHAR(255) – Any localized messages associated with an action
including things like error messages. The text is stored localized so it will not
be internationalized.
•
interface VARCHAR(50) – The Identity Manager interface (such as the
Administrator, User, IVR, or SOAP interface) from which the operation was
performed.
•
acctAttrChanges VARCHAR(4000) – Stores the account attributes that have
changed during a create and update. The attributes changes field is always
populated during a create or update for a resource account or Identity
Manager account object. All of the attributes changed during an action are
stored in this field as a string. The data is in NAME=VALUE NAME2=VALUE2 format.
This field can be queried by executing “contains” SQL statements against the
name or value.
Code Example 12-6 illustrates a value in the acctAttrChanges column:
Code Example 12-6
Value in acctAttrChanges Column
COMPANY="COMPANY" DEPARTMENT="DEPT" DESCRIPTION="DSMITH
DESCRIPTION" FAX NUMBER="5122222222" HOME ADDRESS="12282
MOCKINGBIRD LANE" HOME CITY="AUSTIN" HOME PHONE="5122495555"
HOME STATE="TX" HOME ZIP="78729" JOB TITLE="DEVELOPER"
MOBILE PHONE="5125551212" WORK PHONE="5126855555"
EMAIL="[email protected]" EXPIREPASSWORD="TRUE"
FIRSTNAME="DANIEL" FULLNAME="DANIEL SMITH" LASTNAME="SMITH"
•
acctAttr01label-acctAttr05label VARCHAR(50) – These five additional NAME
slots are columns that can promote up to five attributes to be stored in their
own column instead of in the big blob. You can promote an attribute from the
Resource Schema Configuration page using the "audit?" setting, and the
attribute will be available for data mining.
•
acctAttr01value-acctAttr05value VARCHAR(128) – Five additional VALUE slots
that can promote up to five attributes to be stored in a separate column instead
of in the blob column.
•
parm01label-parm05label VARCHAR(50) – Five slots used to store
parameters associated with an event. Examples of these are Client IP and
Session ID.
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Log Database Keys
•
parm01value-parm05value VARCHAR(128) – Five slots used to store
parameters associated with an event. Examples of these are Client IP and
Session ID.
•
id VARCHAR(50) – Unique ID assigned to each record by the repository
referenced in the waveset.logattr table.
•
name VARCHAR(128) – Generated name assigned to each record.
waveset.logattr
The waveset.logattr table is used to store IDs of the organizational membership
for each event, which is used to scope the audit log by organization.
•
id VARCHAR(50) – ID of the waveset.log record.
•
attrname VARCHAR(50) – Currently, always MEMBEROBJECTGROUPS.
•
attrval VARCHAR(255) – ID of the MemberObject group where the event
belongs.
Log Database Keys
The objectType, action, actionStatus, and reason columns are stored in the database
as keys to conserve space.
ObjectTypes, Actions, and Results
Table 12-18 describes the objectTypes, actions, and results that are stored in the
database as keys:
Table 12-18 objectTypes, Actions, and Results Stored as Keys
objectType Name
DbKey
Action Name
DbKey
Results Name
DbKey
Account
AN
Approve
AP
Success
S
Administrator
AD
Bypass Verify
BV
Failure
F
AdminGroup
AG
Cancel Reconcile
CR
Attribute Definition
AF
challengeResponse
CD
Application
AP
Change Password
CP
Capability
US
Create
CT
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Table 12-18 objectTypes, Actions, and Results Stored as Keys
objectType Name
DbKey
Action Name
DbKey
Configuration
CN
Connect
CO
Discovery
DS
Delete
DL
EmailTemplate
ET
Deprovision
DP
Extract
ER
Disable
DS
ExtractTask
EX
Disconnect
DC
Identity Manager Account
LA
Enable
EN
IDMXUser
UX
Execute
LN
LoadConfig
LD
Export
EP
LoadTask
LT
Import
IM
LoginConfig
LC
List
LI
Policy
PO
Load
LD
Provisioning Task
PT
Login
LG
Resource
RS
Update
MO
Resource Account
RA
Logout
LO
Resource Form
RF
Native Changes
NC
Resource Object
RE
Post Operation
PT
RiskReportTask
RR
Pre Operation
PE
Role
RL
Provision
PV
Rule
RU
Reset Password
RP
User
US
Reprovision
RV
TaskDefinition
TD
Reject
RJ
TaskInstance
TI
Terminate
TR
TaskSchedule
TS
usernameRecovery
UR
TaskTemplate
TT
TaskResult
TR
UserForm
UF
WorkItem
WI
XMLDATA
XD
Results Name
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Preventing Audit Log Tampering
Reasons
Table 12-19 describes the reasons that are stored in the database as keys:
Table 12-19 Reasons Stored as Keys
Reason Name
English Text
DbKey
PolicyViolation
Violation of policy {0}: {1}
PV
InvalidCredentials
Invalid credentials
CR
InsufficientPrivileges
Insufficient privileges
IP
DatabaseAccessFailed
Database access failed
DA
AccountDisabled
Account disabled
DI
Preventing Audit Log Tampering
You can configure Identity Manager to prevent the following forms of audit log
tampering:
•
Adding or inserting audit log records
•
Modifying existing audit logs records
•
Deleting audit log records or the entire audit log
•
Truncating audit logs
All Identity Manager audit log records have unique, per-server sequence numbers
and encrypted hash of records and sequence numbers. When you create a Tamper
Detection Report, it scans the audit logs per server for:
•
Gaps in the sequence number (indicating a deleted record)
•
Hash mismatches (indicating a modified record)
•
Duplicate sequence numbers (indicating a copied record)
•
Last sequence number that is less than expected (indicating a truncated log)
Configuring tamper-resistant logging
To configure tamper-resistant logging, use the following steps:
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Preventing Audit Log Tampering
1.
Create a tampering report by selecting Reports > New > Audit Log Tampering
Report.
2.
When the Define a Tampering Report page displays (see Figure 12-1), enter a
title for the report and then Save it.
Figure 12-1
Configuring an Audit Log Tampering Report
You can also specify the following optional parameters:
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Report Summary – Enter a descriptive summary of the report.
Starting sequence for server '<server_name>' – Enter the starting sequence
number for the server.
This option enables you to delete old log entries without having them
flagged as tampering and limits the report’s scope for performance
reasons.
Email Report – Enable to email report results to a specified email address.
When you select this option, the page refreshes and prompts you for email
addresses. However, keep in mind that email is not safe for text content —
sensitive information (such as account IDs or account history) may be
exposed.
Override default PDF options – Select to override the default PDF options
for this report.
Organizations – Select organizations that should have access to this report.
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3.
Next, select Configure > Audit to open the Audit Configuration page (shown
in Figure 12-2).
Figure 12-2
Tamper-Resistant Audit Logging Configuration
4.
Select Use Custom Publisher, and then click on the Repository publisher link.
5.
Select Enable tamper-resistant audit logs, and then click OK.
6.
Click Save to save the settings.
You can turn this option off again, but unsigned entries will be flagged as such
in the Audit Log Tampering Report, and you must reconfigure the report to
ignore these entries.
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Using Custom Publishers
Using Custom Publishers
Identity Manager can submit audit events to custom audit publishers. The
following custom publishers are available:
•
Console — Prints audit events to the standard output or standard error.
•
File — Writes audit events to a flat file.
•
JDBC — Records audit events in a JDBC datastore.
•
JMS — Records audit events in a JMS queue or topic.
•
Scripted — Allows for custom scripts to store audit events.
The source code of these publishers can be found in the reference kit. The
documentation of the interfaces is also available in the reference kit, in Javadoc
format.
Developing Publishers
All publishers implement the AuditLogPublisher interface. (Refer to the Javadoc
for interface details). Developers are encouraged to extend the
AbstractAuditLogPublisher class. This class parses the configuration and ensures
that all required options have been provided to the publisher. (See the example
publishers in the reference kit).
Publishers must have a no-arg constructor.
Lifecycle
The following steps describe the lifecycle of a publisher:
1.
The Object is instantiated.
2.
The Formatter (if any) is set using the setFormatter() method.
3.
Options are provided using the configure(Map) method.
4.
Events are published using the publish(Map, LoggingErrorHandler) method.
5.
Publisher is terminated using the shutdown() method.
Steps 1-3 are executed when Identity Manager starts up and whenever the audit
configuration is updated. Step 4 will not occur if no audit event is generated before
shutdown is called.
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Using Custom Publishers
The configure(Map) is only called once on the same publisher object. (A publisher
does not have to prepare for on-the-fly configuration changes). After the audit
configuration is updated, the current publishers are first shut down and new
publishers are created.
The configure() method in Step 3 may throw a WavesetException. In this case,
the publisher will be ignored and no other calls will be made to the publisher.
Configuration
Publishers can have zero or more options. The getConfigurationOptions()
method returns the list of options the publisher supports. The options are
encapsulated using the PublisherOption class (see Javadoc for details of this class).
The audit configuration viewer invokes this method when it builds the
configuration interface for the publisher.
Identity Manager configures the publisher using the configure(Map) method at
server startup and after audit configuration changes.
Developing Formatters
The reference kit includes the source code of the following formatters:
•
XmlFormatter — Formats audit events as
•
XML strings
•
UlfFormatter — Formats audit events according to the Universal Logging
Format (ULF). The Sun Java System Application Server uses this format.
Formatters must implement the AuditRecordFormatter interface. In addition,
formatters must have a no-arg constructor. Refer to the Javadoc included in the ref
kit for details.
Registering Publishers/Formatters
The audit attribute of #ID#Configuration:SystemConfiguration object lists all the
registered publishers and formatters. Only these publishers and formatters are
available in the audit configuration user interface.
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Chapter 13
Service Provider Administration
This chapter provides information that you need to know to administer the Service
Provider (SPE) functionality in Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager. To use this
information, an understanding of Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)
directories and federation management is helpful. For a broader discussion of a
Service Provider implementation, see Identity Manager SPE Deployment.
This chapter contains the following topics:
•
Overview of Service Provider Features
•
Initial Configuration
•
Transaction Management
•
Delegated Administration
•
Administering Service Provider Users
•
Synchronization
•
Configuring Service Provider Audit Events
Overview of Service Provider Features
In a service provider environment, you need the ability to manage user
provisioning for all end-users, that is extranet users as well as intranet users. The
Identity Manager Service Provider Edition features enable company
administrators to categorize identity accounts into two distinct types: Identity
Manager users and Service Provider users. Service provider users in Identity
Manager are user accounts that have been configured as the Service Provider User
type.
441
Overview of Service Provider Features
The Identity Manager user-provisioning and auditing capabilities extend to service
provider implementations by providing the following features:
Enhanced End-User Pages
Enhanced end-user pages that are customizable for a service provider
implementation are provided.
Password and Account ID policy
You can define account ID and password policies for service provider users and
resource accounts, as with other Identity Manager users.
Policy checking code is activated for service provider users with the SPE System
Account Policy, which has been added to the main Policies table.
Identity Manager and Service Provider Synchronization
Synchronization for Identity Manager and Service Provider accounts can be
configured to run on any Identity Manager server, or restricted to selected servers.
Service Provider Synchronization, like Identity Manager synchronization, can be
easily stopped and started from the Resource Actions options on the Resources
page. See “Start and Stop Synchronization” on page 480.
The Input Forms for Identity Manager user synchronization and Service Provider
user synchronization differ. See “End-User Interface” on page 475.
Access Manager integration
You can use Sun Java System Access Manager 7 2005Q4 for authentication on
Service Provider end-user pages. If integration with Access Manager is configured,
Access Manager ensures that only authenticated users can access the end-user
pages.
Service Provider requires the user name for auditing purposes. Update the
AMAgent.properties file to add the user’s ID to the HTTP headers, for example:
com.sun.identity.agents.config.response.attribute.mapping[uid] =
HEADER_speuid
The end-user-page authentication filter puts the HTTP header value into the HTTP
session where the rest of the code expects it to be.
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Initial Configuration
Initial Configuration
To configure the Service Provider features, use the following procedures to edit
Identity Manager configuration objects to the directory server:
•
Edit Main Configuration
•
Edit User Search Configuration
NOTE
Before continuing, ensure that you have:
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Defined your LDAP resource. A sample resource named
SPE End-User Directory is imported by default. You can
configure multiple resources if user and configuration
information is to be stored in different directories.
•
The schema must include mapping for an XML object.
•
The Base context configured for the directory resource
only applies to the users stored in the directory.
If desired, configure your Service Provider Account Policy.
Edit Main Configuration
To edit configuration objects for a Service Provider implementation, use the
following procedure:
1.
Log in to Identity Manager with Configurator privileges.
2.
Click Service Provider from the menu bar.
3.
Click Edit Main Configuration. The SPE Configuration page appears. Enter
information or make selections for each of the following sections in the SPE
Configuration page, as appropriate:
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Directory Configuration
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User Forms and Policy
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Transaction Database
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Tracked Event Configuration
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Synchronization Account Indexes
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Callout Configuration
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Directory Configuration
In the Directory Configuration section, provide information to configure the LDAP
Directory and specify Identity Manager attributes for service provider users.
Figure 13-1 shows this area of the SPE Configuration page, as well as the User
Forms and Policy area discussed in the next section.
Figure 13-1
1.
Service Provider (SPE) Configuration (Directory, User Forms and Policy)
Select the SPE End-User Directory from the list.
Select the LDAP directory resource where all Service Provider user data is
stored.
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Initial Configuration
2.
Enter the Account ID Attribute Name.
This is the name of the LDAP account attribute that contains a unique short
identifier for the account. This is considered the name of the user for
authentication and account access through the API. The attribute name must
be defined in the schema map.
3.
Specify an IDM Organization Attribute Name.
This option specifies the name of the LDAP account attribute that contains the
name or ID of an organization within Identity Manager to which the LDAP
account belongs. It is used for delegated administration of LDAP accounts. The
attribute name must exist in the LDAP resource schema map and is the
Identity Manager system attribute name (the name on the left side of the
schema map).
NOTE
4.
You should specify the Identity Manager Organization Attribute
Name — and IDM Organization Attribute Name Contains ID, if
needed — if you want to enable delegated administration through
organization authorization.
If you choose to select IDM Organization Attribute Name Contains ID,
enable this option.
Select this option if the LDAP resource attribute, that refers to the Identity
Manager organization to which the LDAP account belongs, contains the ID of
the Identity Manager organization, and not the name.
5.
If you choose to select Compress User XML, enable this option.
Select this option if you choose to compress user XML stored in the directory.
6.
Click Test Directory Configuration to verify your entries for the configuration.
NOTE
You may test your Directory, Transaction, and Audit Configurations
as appropriate to your needs. To fully test all three, click all three
tests configuration buttons.
User Forms and Policy
In the User Forms and Policy area, shown in Figure 13-1 above, specify the forms
and policies to use for service provider user administration.
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1.
Select the End User Form from the list.
This form is used everywhere except for the Delegated Administrator pages
and during synchronization. If None is selected, no default user form is used.
2.
Select the Administrator User Form from the list.
This is the default user form that is used in Administrator contexts. This
includes the Service Provider Accounts edit pages. If None is selected, no
default user form is used.
NOTE
3.
If you do not choose an Administrator User Form, then
administrators will not be able to create or edit Service Provider
users from Identity Manager.
Select a Synchronization User Form from the list.
The Synchronization User Form is the default form used if no form is specified
for a resource running Service Provider synchronization. If an input form is
specified on a resource's synchronization policy, that form will be used instead.
Resources usually require different synchronization input forms. In this case,
you should set the synchronization user form on each resource instead of
selecting a form from the list.
4.
Select an Account Policy from the list.
The choices include any Identity Account Policy defined through Configure >
Policies.
5.
Select an Is Account Locked Rule from the list.
Select a rule to be run against the Service Provider User view that can
determine if an account is locked.
6.
Select a Lock Account Rule.
Select a rule to be run against the Service Provider User view that can set
attributes in the view that cause the account to be locked.
7.
Select a Unlock Account Rule.
Select a rule to be run against the Service Provider User view that can set
attributes in the view that cause the account to be unlocked.
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Initial Configuration
Transaction Database
Use this section of the SPE Configuration page, shown in Figure 13-2, to configure
a transaction database. These options are required only when using the JDBC
Transaction Persistent Store. Changing any of these values requires that you restart
the server to apply them.
Figure 13-2
1.
Service Provider Configuration (Transaction Database)
Enter the following database information:
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Driver Class - Specify the JDBC Driver class name.
Driver Prefix - This field is optional. If specified, the JDBC DriverManager
is queried before registering a new driver.
Connection URL Template - This field is optional. If specified, the JDBC
DriverManager is queried before registering a new driver.
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Host - Enter the name of the host where the database is running.
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Port - Enter the port number the database server is listening on.
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Database Name - Enter the name of the database to use.
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User Name - Enter the ID of a database user with permission to read,
update, and delete rows from the transaction and audit tables in the
selected database.
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2.
Password - Enter the database user password.
Transaction Table - Enter the name of the table in the selected database to
use for storing pending transactions.
Enable the Automatically Create Schema option to have Identity Manager
automatically create the schema for the tables.
Disable this option for production systems. For production systems, customize
the sample database initialization scripts available in web/samples.
3.
If appropriate, click Test Transaction Configuration to verify your entries.
Continue to the next section of the Service Provider Configuration page to
configure tracked events.
Tracked Event Configuration
When event collection is enabled, it allows you to track statistics in real time
thereby helping to maintain expected or agreed-upon levels of service. Event
collection is enabled by default, as shown in Figure 13-3. Clearing the Enable event
collection check box disables collection.
Figure 13-3
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Initial Configuration
Use the following procedures to set the time zone and specify collection intervals
for service provider tracked events:
1.
Select the Time zone from the list.
Select the time zone to use when recording tracked events, or select Set to
Server Default to use the time zone set on the server.
2.
Select the Time Scales to collect options.
Collection is aggregated over the following time intervals: every 10 seconds,
every minute, every hour, daily, weekly, and monthly. Disable any of the
intervals for which you do not want collection to occur.
Synchronization Account Indexes
When using ActiveSync resources in a Service Provider implementation, it may be
necessary to define Account Indexes to properly correlate events sent by the
resource to users in the Service Provider directory.
By default, resource events are required to contain a value for the attribute
accountId which matches the accountId attribute in the directory. In some
resources, accountId is not consistently sent; for example, delete events from
ActiveDirectory contain only the ActiveDirectory generated account GUID.
Resources that do not include the accountId attribute must include a value for
either of the following attributes.
•
guid - This attribute typically contains a system generated unique identifier.
•
identity - This attribute is normally the same as accountId for all resources
except LDAP resources, where identity contains the full DN of the object.
If you need to correlate using either guid or identity you must define an account
index for those attributes. An index is simply the selection of one or more directory
user attributes that may be used to store resource specific identities. Once the
identities are stored in the directory, they can be used in search filters to correlate
synchronization events.
To define account indexes, first determine which resources will be used for
synchronization, and which of those require an index. Then edit the Resource
definition for the Service Provider directory and add attributes in the schema map
for the GUID or identity attributes for each of the ActiveSync resources. For
example, if you were synchronizing from ActiveDirectory, you might define an
attribute named AD-GUID mapped to an unused directory attribute such as
manager.
After you have defined all of the index attributes in the Service Provider resource:
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1.
In the Synchronization Account Indexes area of the configuration page, click
the New Index button.
The form expands to contain a resource selection field, followed by two
attribute selection fields. The attribute selection fields remain empty until a
resource is selected
2.
Select a Resource from the list.
The attributes fields now contain values defined in the schema map for the
selected resource.
3.
Select the appropriate index attribute for either the Guid Attribute or the Full
Identity Attribute.
It is not usually necessary to set both. If both are set, the software first attempts
to correlate using the GUID, then the full identity.
4.
You may click New Index again to define index attributes for other resources.
5.
To delete an index, click the Delete button to the right of the Resource
selection field.
Deleting an index only removes the index from the configuration, it does not
modify all of the existing directory users that may currently have values stored in
the index attributes.
NOTE
Deleting an index only removes the index from the configuration, it
does not modify all of the existing directory users that may currently
have values stored in the index attributes.
Callout Configuration
Select this option in the Callout Configuration section to enable callouts. When
callouts are enabled, the callout mappings appear enabling you to select
pre-operational and post-operational options for each transaction type listed.
By default, the pre- and post-operation options are set to None.
If you specify post-operation callouts, use the Wait for post-operation callout
option to specify that the transaction must wait for the post-operation callout
processing to complete before finishing. This ensures that any dependent
transaction is executed only after the post-operation callout has successfully
completed.
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Initial Configuration
NOTE
After completing your selections for all sections on the SPE
Configuration page, click Save to complete the configuration.
Edit User Search Configuration
Use this page, shown in Figure 13-4, to configure the default search settings for
searches made by delegated administrators on the Manage Service Provider Users
page. These defaults apply to all users of the Manage Service Provider Users page,
but they can be overridden on a per-session basis.
Figure 13-4
Search Configuration
To configure the default search settings for searching Service Provider users, use
the following steps:
1.
Click Service Provider from the menu bar.
2.
Click Edit User Search Configuration.
3.
Enter a number for Maximum Results Returned (default 100).
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4.
Enter a number for Results Per Page (default 10).
5.
Select the Available Attributes next to Result Attributes to Display using the
arrow keys.
6.
Select the Attribute to search from the list.
7.
Select the Search Operation from the list.
8.
Click Save.
NOTE
Changes made to the search configuration do not take effect until
you log off and log back on.
These configuration objects are not available if the SPE Directory has
not been configured.
Transaction Management
A transaction encapsulates a single provisioning operation, for example creating a
new user or assigning new resources. To ensure that these transactions complete
when resources are unavailable, they are written to the Transaction Persistent
Store.
The following topics in this section contain procedures for managing service
provider transactions:
•
Setting Default Transaction Execution Options
•
Setting Transaction Persistent Store
•
Set Advanced Transaction Processing Settings
•
Monitoring Transactions
Setting Default Transaction Execution Options
These options control how transactions are executed, including
synchronous/asynchronous processing and when they are persisted to the
Transaction Persistent Store. They can be overridden in the IDMXUser view or
through the form used to process it. For more information, see Identity Manager SPE
Deployment.
To configure service provider transactions, use the following steps:
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Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Transaction Management
1.
Click Service Provider > Edit Transaction Configuration. The SPE
Transaction Configuration page appears.
Figure 13-5 shows the Default Transaction Execution options area.
Figure 13-5
2.
Select the Guaranteed Consistency Level from the following options to specify
the level of transaction consistency for user updates:
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3.
Transaction Configuration
None — No guaranteed ordering of resource updates for a user
Local — Resource updates for a user being processed by the same server
are guaranteed to be ordered.
Complete — All resource updates for a user are guaranteed to be in order,
across all servers. This option requires all transactions to be persisted
before attempting the transaction or before asynchronous processing.
Select the following Default Transaction Execution options that you choose to
enable:
вќЌ
Wait for First Attempt — dictates how control returns to the caller when
an IDMXUser view object is checked in. If the option is enabled, the
checkin operation is blocked until the provisioning transaction has
completed a single attempt. If asynchronous processing is disabled, then
the transaction either succeeds or fails when control is returned. If
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asynchronous processing is enabled, then the transaction continues to be
retried in the background. If the option is disabled, the checkin operation
returns control to the caller before attempting the provisioning transaction.
Consider enabling this option.
вќЌ
Enable Asynchronous Processing — This option controls whether
processing of provisioning transactions continues after the checkin call
returns.
Enabling asynchronous processing allows the system to retry transactions.
It also improves throughput by allowing the worker threads configured in
Set Advanced Transaction Processing Settings to run asynchronously. If
you select this option, you should configure the retry intervals and
attempts for the resources being provisioned to or updated via the
synchronization input form.
When Enable Asynchronous Processing is selected, enter a Retry Timeout
value. This is an upper bound expressed in milliseconds of how long the
server retries a failed provisioning transaction. This setting complements
the retry settings on the individual resources, including the Service
Provider user LDAP directory. For example, if this limit is reached before
the resource retry limits are reached, the transaction is aborted. If the value
is negative, then the number of retries is only limited by the settings of the
individual resources.
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454
Persist Transactions Before Attempting — If enabled, provisioning
transactions are written to the Transaction Persistent Store before they are
attempted. Enabling this option might incur unnecessary overhead since
most provisioning transactions succeed on the first attempt. Consider
disabling this option unless the Wait for First Attempt option is disabled.
This option is not available if Complete consistency level is selected.
Persist Transactions Before Asynchronous Processing (default selection)
— If enabled, provisioning transactions are written to the Transaction
Persistent Store before they are processed asynchronously. If the Wait for
First Attempt option is enabled, then transactions that need to be retried
are persisted before control is returned to the caller. If the Wait for First
Attempt option is disabled, then transactions are always persisted before
they are attempted. It is recommended to enable this option. This option is
not available if Complete consistency level is selected.
Persist Transactions on Each Update — If enabled, provisioning
transactions are persisted after each retry attempt. This can aid in isolating
problems since the Transaction Persistent Store, which is searchable from
the Search Transaction page, is always up-to-date.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Transaction Management
Setting Transaction Persistent Store
These options on the SPE Transaction Configuration page apply to the Transaction
Persistent Store. The type of store can be configured as well as additional queryable
attributes to expose in the store, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 13-6
Configuring SPE Transaction Persistent Store
Use the following procedure to set these options:
1.
Select the desired Transaction Persistent Store Type from the list.
If the Database option is selected, then the RDBMS configured on the main
Service Provider configuration page is used for persisting provisioning
transactions. This guarantees transactions that must be retried are not lost
when a server is restarted. Selecting this option requires configuring the
RDBMS on the main Service Provider configuration page. If the Simulated
memory-based option is selected, then transactions that require retry are only
stored in memory and are lost when the server restarts. Enable the Database
option for production environments.
NOTE
Memory-based transaction persistent store is not suitable for use in
clustered environments.
When Transaction Persistent Store Type is changed, you must
restart all running Identity Manager instances for the change to take
effect.
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2.
If desired, enter Customized queryable user attributes.
Select additional attributes of the IDMXUser object to expose in transaction
summaries. These attributes are queryable from the search transaction page
and appear in search results. They include:
вќЌ
вќЌ
User path expression — Enter a path expression into the IDMXUser object.
Display name — Choose a display name corresponding to the path
expression. This display name is shown on the transaction search page.
Set Advanced Transaction Processing Settings
These advanced options control the inner-workings of the transaction manager. Do
not change the provided defaults unless performance analysis indicates they are
not optimal. All entries are required.
Figure 13-5 illustrates the Advanced Transaction Processing Settings area on the
Edit Transaction Configuration page.
Figure 13-7
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Transaction Management
1.
Enter the desired number of Worker Threads (default 100).
This is the number of threads used to process transactions. This value limits the
number of transactions that are processed concurrently. These threads are
statically allocated at startup.
NOTE
2.
When the Worker Threads setting is changed, you must restart all
running Identity Manager instances for the change to take effect.
Enter the desired Lease Duration (ms) (default 600000).
This controls how long a server locks a transaction that it is retrying. The lease
is renewed as needed. However, if the server does not shutdown cleanly, then
another server is not able to lock the transaction until the original server's lease
expires. The value should be at least one minute. Setting the value smaller can
impact the load on the Transaction Persistent Store.
3.
Enter the desired Lease Renewal (ms) time (default 300000).
This controls when the lease of a locked transaction is renewed. It is renewed
when there are this many milliseconds remaining on the lease.
4.
Enter the desired time to Retain Completed Transactions in Store (ms)
(default 360000).
How many milliseconds to wait before removing completed transactions from
the Transaction Persistent Store. Unless transactions are configured to be
immediately persisted, the Transaction Persistent Store does not contain all
completed transactions.
5.
Enter the desired Ready Queue Low Water Mark (default 400).
When the transaction scheduler's queue of ready-to-run transactions falls
below this limit, it refills the queue with any available ready-to-run
transactions up to the high water limit.
6.
Enter the desired Ready Queue High Water Mark (default 800).
When the transaction scheduler's queue of ready-to-run transactions falls
below the low water mark, it refills the queue with any available ready-to-run
transactions up to this limit.
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7.
Enter the desired Pending Queue Low Water Mark (default 2000).
The transaction scheduler's pending queue holds failed transactions that are
pending a retry. If the size of the queue exceeds the high water mark, then all
transactions beyond the low water mark, are flushed to the Transaction
Persistent Store.
8.
Enter the desired Pending Queue High Water Mark (default 2000).
The transaction scheduler's pending queue holds failed transactions that are
pending a retry. If the size of the queue exceeds the high water mark, then all
transactions beyond the low water mark, are flushed to the Transaction
Persistent Store.
9.
Enter the desired Scheduler Period (ms) (default 500).
This is how often the transaction scheduler should run. When it runs, the
transaction scheduler moves ready-to-run transactions from the pending
queue to the ready queue, and performs other periodic duties such as
persisting transactions to the Transaction Persistent Store.
10. Click Save to accept the settings.
Monitoring Transactions
Service Provider transactions are written to the Transaction Persistent Store. You
can search for transactions in the Transaction Persistent Store to view the
transaction status.
NOTE
Using the Edit Transaction Configuration page (see Transaction
Management), the administrator can control when transactions are
persisted. For instance, they can be persisted immediately, even
before they are attempted for the first time.
The Transactions Search page allows you to specify search conditions that enable
you to filter the transactions to view based on specific criteria related to the
transaction event, such as user, type, status, transaction ID, current state and
success or failure of the transaction. This includes transactions that are still being
retried, as well as transactions that have already completed. Transactions that have
not completed can be cancelled preventing any further attempts.
To search transactions:
1.
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Log in to Identity Manager.
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Transaction Management
2.
Click Server Tasks from the menu bar.
3.
Click Service Provider Transactions.
The SPE Transaction Search page appears, allowing you to specify search
conditions.
NOTE
4.
The search returns only transactions that match all of the conditions
selected below. This is similar to the Accounts > Find Users page.
If desired, select User Name.
This allows you to search for transactions that apply only to users with the
accountId that you enter.
NOTE
5.
If you have configured any Customized queryable user attributes on
the Service Provider Transaction Configuration page, then they
appear here. For example, you could choose to search based on Last
Name or Full Name if these were configured as customized
queryable user attributes.
If desired, select search for Type.
This allows you to search for transactions of the selected type or types.
6.
If desired, select search for State.
This allows you to search for transactions in the following selected state or
states:
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вќЌ
7.
Unattempted transactions have not yet been attempted.
Pending retry transactions have been attempted one or more times, have
had one or more errors, and are scheduled to be retried up to the retry
limits configured for the individual resources.
вќЌ
Success transactions have completed successfully.
вќЌ
Failure transactions have completed with one or more failures.
If desired, select to search for Attempts.
This allows you to search for transactions based on how many times they have
been attempted. Failed transactions are retried up to the retry limits configured
for the individual resources.
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Transaction Management
8.
If desired, select to search for Submitted.
This allows you to search for transactions based on when they were initially
submitted in increments of hours, minutes, or days.
9.
If desired, select to search for Completed.
This allows you to search for transactions based on when they were completed
in increments of hours, minutes, or days.
10. If desired, select to search for Cancelled Status.
This allows you to search for transactions based on whether or not they have
already been cancelled.
11. If desired, select to search for Transaction ID.
This allows you to search for transactions based on their unique id. Use this
option to find a transaction based on the id value you enter, which appears in
all audit log records.
12. If desired, select to search for Running On (which Server.)
This allows you to search for transactions based on the Service Provider server
where they are running. The server's identifier is based on its machine name
unless it has been overridden in the Waveset.properties file.
13. Limit the search to results to first number of entries selected from the list.
Only results up to the specified limit are returned. No indication is made if
additional results are available.
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Delegated Administration
Figure 13-8
Search Transactions
14. Click Search.
The search results are displayed.
15. If desired, click Download All Matched Transactions at the bottom of the
results page. This saves the results to an XML formatted file.
NOTE
You can cancel transactions returned in the search results. Select the
transaction in the results table and click Cancel Selected. You
cannot cancel transactions that have completed or have already been
cancelled.
Delegated Administration
Delegated administration for Service Provider users is enabled through the use of
Identity Manager admin roles, or through the organization-based authorization
model.
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Delegated Administration
Delegation Through Organization Authorization
Identity Manager provides delegation of administrative duties through the
organization-based authorization model, by default. Keep the following in mind
when creating delegated administrators in an organization-based authorization
model:
•
Service provider administrators are Identity Manager users with specific
capabilities and controlled organizations.
•
The values of the users' organization attributes can either be the name of the
Identity Manager organization or the object ID. This depends on the setting of
the Identity Manager Organization Attribute Name Contains ID field in the
Identity Manager Main Configuration screen.
•
You can create an Identity Manager hierarchy and place organizations in that
hierarchy in the way you want to delegate the administration of those
organizations. Use specific identification for the organizations instead of the
organizations' simple names.
•
Service Provider users have their organization taken from user attributes in the
directory server.
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
•
462
You must set attributes in the schema map for the directory server
resource.
The comparison of attributes is by exact match to an administrator’s
controlled organization list. The value stored in the directory must match
the organizations name, not the entire hierarchy. If an administrator
controls Top:orgA:sub1, then sub1 must be the value stored in the
organization attribute for the Service Provider user.
If the attribute is not set or does not correspond to an Identity Manager
organization, the Service Provider user is treated as a member of the Top
organization. This requires that the Service Provider Edition
administrators have Service Provider user capabilities in Top to manage
these users.
Attribute settings determine the scope for searches by Service Provider
administrators.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Delegated Administration
•
To create a delegated administrator account, you first create an Identity
Manager administrator and then add Service Provider administrator
capabilities. There are capabilities specific to Service Provider Edition tasks
which can be assigned to the user (on the Security Tab of the Edit User page).
The controlled organizations specify which Service Provider users the
administrator can modify. Any resources available to Service Provider users
are available to all Identity Manager administrators.
NOTE
For more information about Identity Manager delegated
administration, see “Delegated Administration” in Chapter 5,
“Administration.”
Delegation Through Admin Role Assignment
For granting fine-grain capabilities and scope of control on Service Provider users,
use a Service Provider User Admin Role. The Admin Roles can be configured to be
dynamically assigned to one or more Identity Manager or Service Provider Users at
login time.
Rules can be defined and assigned to Admin Roles that specify the capabilities
(such as Service Provider Create User) granted to users assigned the admin
role.
To use Admin Role delegation for service provider users, you must enable it in the
Identity Manager system configuration.
If delegation through Admin Role assignment is enabled, then the IDM
Organization Attribute Name in the SPE Configuration is not required.
Enabling Service Provider Admin Role Delegation
To enable service provider admin role delegation (SPE delegated administration),
use the Identity Manager debug pages to set the following property in the System
Configuration object to true:
security.authz.external.app name.object type
where app name is the Identity Manager application (such as Administrator
Interface) and object type is Service Provider Users
This property can be enabled per Identity Manager application (for example, for
the Administrator Interface or User Interface) and per object type. Currently, the
only supported object type is Service Provider Users. The default value is false.
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Delegated Administration
For example, to enable SPE Delegated Administration for Identity Manager
administrators, set the following attribute in the System Configuration
configuration object to “true”:
security.authz.external.Administrator Interface.Service Provider Users
If SPE Delegated Administration is disabled (set to false) for a given Identity
Manager or Service Provider application, the organization-based authorization
model is used.
When SPE Delegated Administration is enabled, tracked events capture
information about the number and duration of authorization rules executed. These
statistics are available in the dashboard
Configuring a Service Provider User Admin Role
To configure a Service Provider User Admin Role, create an admin role and specify
the scope of control, capabilities, and to whom it should be assigned, using the
following procedures:
NOTE
Before creating a Service Provider User Admin Role, define the
search context, search filter, after search filter, capabilities, and user
assignment rules for the admin role. You must specify the authType
for the rule to use these rules, i.e., SPEUsersSearchContextRule,
SPEUsersSearchFilterRule, SPEUsersAfterSearchFilterRule,
CapabilitiesOnSPEUserRule, UserIsAssignedAdminRoleRule,
SPEUserIsAssignedAdminRoleRule.
Identity Manager provides sample rules that you can use to create
these rules for Service Provider User Admin Roles. These rules are
available in sample/adminRoleRules.xml in the Identity Manager
installation directory.
For more information about creating these rules for your
environment, see Identity Manager SPE Deployment.
464
1.
On the Security tab, select Admin Roles and then click New to open the Create
Admin Role page.
2.
Specify a name for the admin role and select Service Provider Users for the
type.
3.
Specify the Scope of Control, Capabilities, and Assign To Service Provider
Users options, as described in the following sections.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Delegated Administration
Specifying the Scope of Control
The scope of control for the service provider user admin role specifies which
service provider users a given Identity Manager administrator, Identity Manager
end user, or Identity Mananger service provider end user is allowed to see. It is
enforced when a request is made to list Service Provider Users in the directory.
You can specify one or more of the following settings for the Service Provider User
Admin Role scope of control:
•
User search context — specify whether a rule or text string is to be used to
begin a search.
If None is specified, the default search context will be the base context specified
in the Identity Mananger Resource configured as the Service Provider User
directory.
•
User search filter — specify whether a rule or a text string that is to be applied
for the search filter.
The text string specified or returned by the selected rule should be an
LDAP-compliant search filter string that represents the set of users, within the
search context, that will be controlled by users assigned this Admin Role. The
specified filter will be combined with the user specified search filter to ensure
that users returned from the search do not include any users that users
assigned this AdminRole are not authorized to list.
•
After user search filter rule — select a rule that will be applied after the User
search filter is applied.
This rule is run after the initial LDAP search is performed against the Service
Provider User directory and evaluates the results to determine which
distinguished names (dns) the requesting user is allowed to access.
This type of rule can be used when you need to determine if a user should be in
the requesting user's scope of control using non-LDAP user attributes (for
example, group membership), or when the filter decision needs to be made
using a repository other than the Service Provider User directory (for example,
an Oracle database or RACF).
Specifying Capabilities
Capabilities for the Service Provider User Admin Role specify which capabilities
and rights the requesting user has on the Service Provider User for which access is
being requested. It is enforced when a request is made to view, create, modify, or
delete a Service Provider User.
On the Capabilities tab, select the Capabilities Per User Rule to apply for this
admin role.
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Administering Service Provider Users
Assigning Admin Roles To Service Provider Users
Service Provider User Admin Roles can be dynamically assigned to service
provider users by specifying a rule that will be evaluated at login time to determine
whether to assign the authenticating user the Admin Role.
Click the Assign To Service Provider Users tab, and select the rule to apply for the
assignment.
NOTE
Dynamic assignment of Admin Roles to users must be enabled for
each login interface (for example, the User interface and the
Administrator interface) by setting the following System
Configuration object to true:
security.authz.checkDynamicallyAssignedAdminRolesAtLoginTo
.logininterface
The default for all interfaces is false.
Delegating Service Provider User Admin Roles
By default, Service Provider Users can assign (or delegate) Service Provider User
Admin Roles assigned to them to other Service Provider Users in their scope of
control.
In fact, any Identity Manager User with capabilities to edit Service Provider Users
can assign the Service Provider User Admin Roles assigned to them to the service
provider users in their scope of control.
A Service Provider User Admin Role can also include a list of Assigners who can
assign the Admin Role regardless of scope of control. These direct assignments can
ensure that at least one known user account can assign the Admin Role.
Administering Service Provider Users
This section contains procedures and information for administering service
provider users through Identity Manager. It contains the following topics:
466
•
User Organizations
•
Create Users and Accounts
•
Search Service Provider Users
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Administering Service Provider Users
•
Link Accounts
•
Delete, Unassign, or Unlink Accounts
User Organizations
With Service Provider, the value of an attribute on the user determines to which
organization the user is assigned. This is specified by the Identity Manager
Organization Attribute Name field in the Service Provider Main configuration (see
Initial Configuration). However, the names of those organizations must match the
value of a user attribute assigned in the directory server.
If the Identity Manager Organization Attribute Name is defined, then a
multi-select list of available organizations appears on the Create or Edit User page.
The short organization names are displayed by default. You can modify the SPE
User Form to display the full organization path.
You may pick which attribute becomes the organization name attribute. The
organization name attribute is then used in the Service Provider user
administration pages to constrain which administrators can search for and manage
that user.
NOTE
There are now account ID and password policies for Service
Provider and resource accounts.
The SPE System Account Policy is available from the main Policies
table.
Create Users and Accounts
All service provider users must have an account in the Service Provider directory.
If a user has accounts on other resources, then links to these accounts are stored in
the user's directory entry, so information about these accounts is available when
the user is viewed.
NOTE
A sample Service Provider User Form for creating and editing users
is provided. Customize this form to meet the requirements for
managing users in your Service Provider environment. For more
information, see Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views
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Administering Service Provider Users
To create a Service Provider account.
1.
Click Accounts from the menu bar.
2.
Click the Manage Service Provider Users tab.
3.
Click Create Account.
NOTE
4.
468
When using the default Service Provider User Form the actual fields
that are displayed depend on the attributes configured in the
Account Attributes table (Schema map) of the Service Provider
directory resource. Also, when you assign resources to the user
(such as a delegated administrator), you should see new sections
added to the display where you can specify values for the attributes
for those resources. You may also customize the fields.
Enter the following values as required:
вќЌ
accountid (this field is required)
вќЌ
password
вќЌ
confirmation (this is the password confirmation)
вќЌ
firstname (this field is required)
вќЌ
lastname (this field is required)
вќЌ
fullname
вќЌ
email
вќЌ
home phone
вќЌ
cell phone
вќЌ
password retry count
вќЌ
account unlock time
5.
Assign any desired Resources from the Available listing using the arrow keys.
6.
The Account Status displays whether the account is locked or unlocked. Click
this option to lock or unlock the account.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Administering Service Provider Users
Figure 13-9
NOTE
Create Service Provider Users and Accounts
This form automatically populates values for the resource account
attributes based on the attributes defined for the directory account
(at the top). For example, if the resource defines firstName, then the
product populates it with the firstName value from the directory
account. However, after this initial population, modifications to
these attributes are not propagated to the resource accounts. If
desired, customize the provided sample Service Provider User
Form.
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7.
Click Save to create the user account.
Search Service Provider Users
Service Provider includes a configurable search capability to aid in administering
user accounts. Only the users within your scope, (as defined by your organization,
and perhaps other factors) are returned in a search.
To perform a basic search of service provider users, from the Accounts area in the
Identity Manager interface, click Manage Service Provider Users, then enter the
search value and click Search.
The following topics discuss the Service Provider search features:
•
Advanced Search
•
Search Results
•
Delete, Unassign, or Unlink Accounts
•
Set Search Options
Advanced Search
To perform an advanced search of service provider users, from the Service
Provider Users Search page, click Advanced and then complete the following
actions:
1.
Choose the desired Attribute from the list.
2.
Choose the desired Operation from the list.
You are specifying a set of conditions in order to filter the users returned from
the search and that the users returned must meet all of the specified conditions.
3.
470
Enter the desired search value, and then click Search.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Administering Service Provider Users
Figure 13-10 Search Users
You can add or remove Attribute Conditions, using the following options:
•
Click Add Condition and specify the new attribute.
•
Select the item and click Remove Selected Conditions.
Search Results
Service Provider search results are displayed in a table, as depicted in Figure 13-11.
The results can be sorted by any attribute by clicking on the column header for that
attribute. The results displayed depend on the attributes you selected.
The arrow buttons navigate to the first, previous, next, and last pages of results.
You can jump to a specific page by entering the number in the text box and
pressing Enter.
To edit a user, click the user name in the table.
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Administering Service Provider Users
Figure 13-11 Example of Search Results
The search results page enables you to delete users or unlink resource accounts, by
selecting one or more users and clicking the Delete button. This action brings up a
delete user page and presents additional options (see “Delete, Unassign, or Unlink
Accounts.”)
Link Accounts
Service Provider may be installed in environments in which users have accounts on
multiple resources. The account linking feature of Service Provider enables you to
assign existing resource accounts to Service Provider users in an incremental
fashion. The account linking process is controlled by the Service Provider linking
policy, which defines a link correlation rule, a link confirmation rule, and a link
verification option.
To link user accounts, use the following procedure:
1.
Click Resources from the menu bar.
2.
Select the desired resource.
3.
Select Edit Service Provider Linking Policy from the Resources Action menu.
4.
Select a link correlation rule. This rule searches for accounts on the resource
that the user may own.
5.
Select a link confirmation rule. This rule eliminates any resource accounts from
the list of potential accounts that the link correlation rule selects.
NOTE
472
If the link correlation rule selects no more than one account, then the
link confirmation rule is not required.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Administering Service Provider Users
6.
Select Link verification required to link tthe target resource account to the
Service Provider user.
Delete, Unassign, or Unlink Accounts
To delete, unassign, or unlink user accounts, use the following procedure:
1.
Click Accounts from the menu bar.
2.
Click Manage Service Provider Users.
3.
Perform a basic or advance search.
4.
Select the desired user or users.
5.
Click the Delete button.
6.
If desired, select one of the global options:
вќЌ
Delete All resource accounts
NOTE
вќЌ
Unassign All resource accounts
NOTE
вќЌ
Deleting a resource deletes the account, but the resource
assignment still exists. A subsequent update of the user recreates
the account. Delete always implies an unlink of the resource
account.
Unassigning a resource removes that resource assignment.
Unassign implies an unlink of the resource account. The
resource account is not deleted when the resource is
unassigned.
Unlink All resource accounts
NOTE
Unlinking removes the link between a user and the resource
account, but this does not delete the account. The resource
assignment is not removed either, so a subsequent update to the
user relinks the account or creates a new account on the
resource.
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Administering Service Provider Users
7.
Alternatively, select an action for one or more resource accounts in the Delete,
Unassign, or Unlink columns.
8.
After selecting the desired user accounts, click OK.
Figure 13-12 Delete, Unassign, or Unlink Accounts
Set Search Options
Use the following procedure to set search options for service provider users:
1.
Click Accounts from the menu bar.
2.
Click Service Provider.
3.
Click Options.
NOTE
474
These options are only valid for the current login session. The
options effect how the search results are displayed, that they effect
both the basic and advanced search results, and that some settings
only take effect on new searches.
4.
Enter the Maximum Results Returned.
5.
Enter the Number of Results Per Page.
6.
Choose the desired Display Attribute from the Available Attributes using the
arrow keys.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Administering Service Provider Users
Figure 13-13 Set Search Options for Service Provider Users
End-User Interface
The bundled sample end-user pages provide examples for registration and
self-service typical in xSP environments. The samples are extensible and can be
customized. You may change the look and feel, modify navigation rules between
pages, or display locale-specific messages for your deployment. For further
information about customizing end-user pages see Identity Manager SPE
Deployment.
In addition to auditing self-service and registration events, notification to the
affected user can be sent using e-mail templates. Examples of using account ID and
password policies, as well as account lockout, are also provided. Application
developers can also leverage Identity Manager forms. The modular authentication
service implemented as a servlet filter can be extended or replaced if necessary.
This allows integration with access management systems like the Sun Java System
Access Manager.
Sample
The bundled sample end-user pages allow the user to register and maintain basic
user information through a series of easy-to-navigate screens and receive email
notification of their actions. The example pages include the following features:
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Administering Service Provider Users
•
Login (and logout) including authentication via challenge questions
•
Registration and enrollment
•
Password changing
•
User name changing
•
Challenge questions changing
•
Notification address changing
•
User name forgotten handling
•
Password forgotten handling
•
E-mail notification
•
Auditing
NOTE
Identity Manager uses a validation table for registration. Only users
in that table are allowed to register. For example, when user Betty
Childs registers, an entry for Betty Childs with email address
[email protected], is found in the validation table and
registration is accepted.
The pages are easy to customize for your deployment. The following may be
customized:
•
Branding
•
Configuration options (for example, the number of failed login attempts)
•
Adding/removing pages
For more information on customizing the pages see Identity Manager SPE
Deployment.
Registration
New users are asked to register. During registration users can set their login,
challenge questions, and notification information.
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Administering Service Provider Users
Figure 13-14 Registration Page
Home and Profile Screens
Figure 13-15 shows the end user home tab and Profile page. A user may change
their login ID and password, manage notification, and create challenge questions.
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477
Synchronization
Figure 13-15 My Profile Page
Synchronization
Synchronization for service provider users is enabled through the Synchronization
Policy. To synchronize changes to attributes on resources with Identity Manager
for service provider users, you must configure Service Provider Synchronization.
The following topics explain how to enable synchronization in a service provider
implementation:
•
Configure Synchronization
•
Monitor Synchronization
•
Start and Stop Synchronization
•
Migrate Users
NOTE
478
Service Provider synchronization is configured from the list of
resources in the Resources area of Identity Manager.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Synchronization
Configure Synchronization
To configure Service Provider synchronization, you edit the Synchronization
Policy for resources as described in “Configuring Synchronization” on page 220.
When editing the Synchronization Policy, the following options must be specified
to enable the synchronization processes for service provider users.
•
Select Service Provider Edition User as the Target Object Type.
•
In the Scheduling Settings section, select Enable Synchronization.
Follow the instructions in “Configuring Synchronization” on page 220 to specify
other options as appropriate for your environment.
NOTE
The confirmation rule and form must use the IDMXUser view and
not the Identity Manager input user view (see Identity Manager SPE
Deployment for more information).
This is required because confirmation rules access a user view for
each user identified in the correlation rule, impacting
synchronization performance.
Click Save to save the policy definition. If synchronization is not disabled in the
policy, it will be scheduled as specified. If disable synchronization is specified, the
synchronization service is stopped, if currently running. If enabled,
synchronization will be started when the Identity Manager server is restarted, or
when Start for Service Provider is selected under the Synchronization Resource
Action.
Monitor Synchronization
Identity Manager provides the following methods for monitoring Service Provider
synchronization.
•
View the synchronization status in the description field on the Resource list.
•
Use the JMX interface to monitor synchronization metrics.
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Synchronization
Start and Stop Synchronization
Service provider synchronization is enabled by default when you configure
Identity Manager for a service provider implementation. To disable Service
Provider Active Sync, use the following procedure:
1.
From the Resources area, select the resource and click Edit Synchronization
Policy to edit the policy.
2.
Clear the Enable Synchronization check box.
3.
Click Save.
When the policy is saved synchronization stops.
To stop synchronization without disabling it, select Stop for Service Provider from
the Synchronization resource action.
NOTE
If you stop synchronization by using the resource action, without
disabling synchronization, it will be started again when any Identity
Manager server is started.
Migrate Users
The Service Provider functionality contains an example user migration task and
associated scripts. This task migrates existing Identity Manager users to the Service
Provider User directory. This section describes how to use the example migration
task. You are encouraged to modify this example for use in your situation.
To migrate existing Identity Manager users:
1.
Click Tasks from the menu bar.
2.
Click Run Tasks
3.
Click SPE Migration.
4.
Enter a unique Task Name.
5.
Select a Resource from the list.
This is a resource in Identity Manager that represents the Service Provider
directory server. Links to this resource found in Identity Manager users are not
migrated.
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Configuring Service Provider Audit Events
6.
Enter an Identity Attribute.
This is the Identity Manager user attribute that contains the short unique
identity for the directory user.
7.
Select an Identity Rule from the list.
This is an optional rule that may calculate the name of the directory user from
attributes of the Identity Manager user. The Identity rule can calculate a simple
name (typically uid) which is then processed through the identity template of
the Resource to form the directory server distinguished Name (DN.) The rule
may also return a full specified DN which avoids the id template.
8.
Click Launch to start the background migration task.
Configuring Service Provider Audit Events
In a service provider implementation, Identity Manager’s audit logging system
audits events related to extranet user activities. Identity Manager provides the
Service Provider Edition audit configuration group (enabled by default) that
specifies the audit events logged for service provider users. See Figure 13-16.
For more information about audit logging, and modifying events in the Service
Provider Edition audit configuration group, see Chapter 12, “Audit Logging.”
Figure 13-16 Edit Service Provider Edition Audit Configuration Group Page
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Configuring Service Provider Audit Events
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Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Appendix A
lh Reference
Usage
Use the following syntax to invoke the Identity Manager command-line interface
and execute Identity Manager commands:
lh { $class | $command } [ $arg [$arg... ] ]
Usage Notes
To display command usage help, type lh (do not supply any arguments).
Setting the path environment variables:
•
When using the lh command, you should set JAVA_HOME to the JRE directory
that contains a bin directory with the Java executable. This location differs
depending on your installation.
If you have a standard JRE from Sun (without the JDK), a typical directory
location is C:\Program Files\Java\j2re1.4.1_01. This directory
contains the bin directory with the Java executable. In this case, set
JAVA_HOME to C:\Program Files\Java\j2re1.4.1_01.
A full JDK installation has more than one Java executable. In this case, set
JAVA_HOME to the embedded jre directory, which contains the correct
bin/java.exe file. For a typical installation, set JAVA_HOME to
D:\java\jdk1.3.1_02.jre.
•
Set the WSHOME variable to the Identity Manager installation directory, as
follows:
set WSHOME=<path_to_identity_manager_directory>
483
class
For example, to set the variable to the default installation directory:
set WSHOME=C:\Program Files\tomcat\webapps\idm
NOTE
Make sure the value of the WSHOME variable does NOT contain
the following:
•
Quotation marks (“ “)
•
A backslash at the end of the path (\)
Do not use quotation marks, even if the path to the application
deployment directory contains spaces.
On UNIX systems, you must also export the path variables, as follows:
export WSHOME
export JAVA_HOME
class
Must be a fully qualified class name, such as
com.waveset.session.WavesetConsole.
commands
Must be one of the following commands:
484
•
config — Starts the Business Process Editor.
•
console — Starts the Identity Manager console.
•
export — Exports an exchange file.
•
js — Invokes a JavaScript program.
•
javascript — Same as js.
•
import — Imports an Identity Manager object.
•
license [options] {status | set {parameters }} — Sets the Identity
Manager license key.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Examples
•
setRepo — Sets the Identity Manager index repository.
•
setup — Starts the Identity Manager setup process, which allows you to set the
license key, define the Identity Manager index repository, and import
configuration files.
•
syslog [options] — Extracts records from the system log.
•
xmlparse — Validates XML for Identity Manager objects.
•
xpress [options] Filename — Evaluates an expression. Valid option is
-trace (enables trace output).
Examples
•
lh com.waveset.session.WavesetConsole
•
lh console
•
lh console –u $user –p PathtoPassword.txt
•
lh setup -U Administrator -P PathtoPassword.txt
•
lh setRepo –c -A Administrator -C PathtoPassword.txt
•
lh setRepo –t LocalFiles –f $WSHOME
export command
Usage
export [-v] Outfile [ typeSet | typeName... ]
Options
вќЌ
вќЌ
-v — Enables verbose mode.
typeName options: all, default, or users. The all option exports all
object types except:
•
Log
Appendix A
lh Reference
485
license command
•
Syslog
•
TestItem
•
Server
•
Administrator
It is not generally common practice to export a log file from one environment to
another.
license command
Usage
license [options] { status | set {parameters} }
Options
•
-U username (if Configurator account renamed)
•
-P PathtoPassword.txt (if Configurator password changed)
Parameters for the set option must be in the form -f File.
Examples
•
lh license status
•
lh license set -f File
syslog command
Usage
syslog [options]
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syslog command
Options
•
-d Number — Shows records for the previous Number days (default=1)
•
-F — Shows only records with fatal severity level
•
-E — Shows only records with error severity level or above
•
-W — Shows only records with warning severity level or above (default)
•
-X — Includes reported cause of error, if available
Appendix A
lh Reference
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Appendix B
Advanced Search for Online
Documentation
You can use advanced syntax to create complex queries when searching the
Identity Manager online documentation. These are:
•
Wildcard characters — Allow you to specify spelling patterns, rather than
complete words.
•
Query operators — Specify how query elements are to be combined or
modified.
NOTE
You can use wildcard characters and query operators in the same
search.
Wildcard Characters
Wildcards are special characters that represent other characters, or groups of
characters, in a search.
Identity Manager online documentation search supports these wildcard characters
.
Table B-1
Supported Wildcard Characters
Wildcard
Character
What it does
Question mark (?)
Matches any single character.
For example, searching for t?p matches the words tap, tip, and top.
Searching for ball???? matches the words ballpark, ballroom, and
ballyhoo, but does not find ballet or balloon, because these do not contain
exactly four letters after “ball.”
489
Query Operators
Table B-1
Supported Wildcard Characters
Wildcard
Character
What it does
Asterisk (*)
Matches any group of characters.
For example, searching for comp* finds matches to any word starting with
the letters comp, such as computer, company, or comptroller.
Query Operators
Query operators allow you to combine, modify, or exclude elements of a search. You
can type query operators in upper, lower, or mixed case. Generally, query
operators begin and end with angle brackets, such as <CONTAINS>.
NOTE
Basic Boolean operators (AND, OR, and NOT), and special character
operators (such as <, =, and !=) do not require brackets.
Rules of Precedence
When you use more than one type of operator in a query, then rules of precedence
and parentheses determine the scope of operators. The AND operator takes
precendence over the OR operator. For example, the query:
resource AND adapter OR attribute
is equal to:
(resource AND adapter) OR attribute
If you want the search feature to interpret “adapter” and “attribute” as alternative
terms to be found with “resource”, then you must use parentheses, as in:
resource AND (adapter OR attribute)
Default Operators
When you type a sequence of query terms or elements without specifying an
operator, the standard, default operator <AND> is used to combine query
elements.
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Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Query Operators
If a query consists of single words without an explicit unary term operator (such as
<EXACT>, <MORPH>, or <EXPAND>), then they are assumed to be governed by
the default term operator <MORPH>.
The following table lists the query operators that are most commonly used for
online documentation search.
Table B-2
Commonly Used Query Operators for Online Documentation Searches
Operator
Description
Example
<AND> or AND
Adds mandatory criteria to the search.
Searching for “apples AND oranges”
returns matches that include “apples
“and “oranges” in any order. It ignores
documents containing only one word.
<CASE>
Case-matches the following term or terms.
Searching for “<CASE> bill” finds
matches to “bill” but not to “Bill”.
Note: Identity Manager automatically
assumes that upper case or capitalized
query terms should be matched as
case-sensitive, so <CASE> is not
necessary. Lower case terms are treated as
case-insensitive, so you must use <CASE>
with these to match only lower case.
<EXACT>
Finds documents containing the exact word
specified.
Searching for “<EXACT> soft” finds
documents containing the word “soft,”
but does not find documents
containing “softest” or “softer”.
<MORPH>
Finds documents that are morphological
variations of the specified word, including
plurals, past tenses, and complex forms
involving prefixes, suffixes, and compound
words. Will also use knowlege from a
lexicon to correctly handle irregular forms.
Searching for “<MORPH> surf” finds
documents containing inferable
variants of the word “surf”, such as
“surfs”, “surfed”, and “surfing”, as well
as those involving prefixes (“resurf”)
and compounds (“surfboard”).
<NEAR>
Finds documents in which the specified
words are within 1000 words of each other.
The closer the words, the higher the
document appears in the search results.
Searching for “resource <NEAR>
configuration” finds documents
containing both words, with no more
than 1000 words between.
<NEAR/n>
Finds documents in which words are within
n words of each other.
Searching for “buy <NEAR/3> sell”
finds documents containing “buy low
and sell high” because there are no
more than three words between “buy”
and “sell.”
Note: The value of n must be between 1 and
1024.
<NOT> or NOT
Finds documents that do not contain a
specific word or phrase.
Searching for “surf <AND> <NOT>
channel” finds documents containing
“surf” but not “channel.”
Appendix B
Advanced Search for Online Documentation
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Appendix C
Audit Log Database Schema
This appendix provides information about audit data schema values for the
supported database types and audit log database mappings.
•
Oracle
•
DB2
•
MySQL
•
Sybase
•
Audit Log Database Mappings
Oracle
Table C-4 lists the data schema values for the Oracle database type:
Table C-1
Data Schema Values for the Oracle Database Type
Database Column
Value
id
VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL
name
VARCHAR(128) NOT NULL
resourceName
VARCHAR(128)
accountName
VARCHAR(50)
objectType
CHAR(2)
objectName
VARCHAR(128)
action
CHAR(2)
actionDate
CHAR(8)
493
DB2
Table C-1
Data Schema Values for the Oracle Database Type
Database Column
Value
actionTime
CHAR(12)
acctAttrChanges
VARCHAR(4000)
acctAttr01label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr01value
VARCHAR(128)
acctAttr02label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr02value
VARCHAR(128)
acctAttr03label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr03value
VARCHAR(128)
acctAttr04label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr04value
VARCHAR(128)
acctAttr05label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr05value
VARCHAR(128)
parm01label
VARCHAR(50)
parm01value
VARCHAR(128)
parm02label
VARCHAR(50)
parm02value
VARCHAR(128)
parm03label
VARCHAR(50)
parm03value
VARCHAR(128)
parm04label
VARCHAR(50)
parm04value
VARCHAR(128)
parm05label
VARCHAR(50)
parm05value
VARCHAR(128)
DB2
Table C-2 lists the data schema values for the DB2 database type:
Table C-2
494
Data Schema Values for the DB2 Database Type
Database Column
Value
id
VARCHAR(50)
NOT NULL
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
DB2
Table C-2
Data Schema Values for the DB2 Database Type
Database Column
Value
name
VARCHAR(128) NOT NULL
resourceName
VARCHAR(128)
accountName
VARCHAR(50)
objectType
CHAR(2)
objectName
VARCHAR(128)
action
CHAR(2)
actionDate
CHAR(8)
actionTime
CHAR(12)
actionStatus
CHAR(1)
interface
VARCHAR(50)
server
VARCHAR(128)
subject
VARCHAR(128)
reason
CHAR(2)
message
VARCHAR(255)
acctAttrChanges
CLOB(16M)
acctAttr01label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr01value
VARCHAR(128)
acctAttr02label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr02value
VARCHAR(128)
acctAttr03label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr03value
VARCHAR(128)
acctAttr04label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr04value
VARCHAR(128)
acctAttr05label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr05value
VARCHAR(128)
parm01label
VARCHAR(50)
parm01value
VARCHAR(128)
parm02label
VARCHAR(50)
parm02value
VARCHAR(128)
parm03label
VARCHAR(50)
Appendix C
Audit Log Database Schema
495
MySQL
Table C-2
Data Schema Values for the DB2 Database Type
Database Column
Value
parm03value
VARCHAR(128)
parm04label
VARCHAR(50)
parm04value
VARCHAR(128)
parm05label
VARCHAR(50)
parm05value
VARCHAR(128)
MySQL
Table C-3 lists the data schema values for the MySQL database type:
Table C-3
496
Data Schema Values for the MySQL Database Type
Database Column
Value
id
VARCHAR(50) BINARY NOT NULL
name
VARCHAR(128) BINARY NOT NULL
resourceName
VARCHAR(128)
accountName
VARCHAR(50)
objectType
CHAR(2)
objectName
VARCHAR(128)
action
CHAR(2)
actionDate
CHAR(8)
actionTime
CHAR(12)
actionStatus
CHAR(1)
interface
VARCHAR(50)
server
VARCHAR(128)
subject
VARCHAR(128)
reason
CHAR(2)
message
VARCHAR(255)
acctAttrChanges
BLOB
acctAttr01label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr01value
VARCHAR(128)
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Sybase
Table C-3
Data Schema Values for the MySQL Database Type
Database Column
Value
acctAttr02label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr02value
VARCHAR(128)
acctAttr03label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr03value
VARCHAR(128)
acctAttr04label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr04value
VARCHAR(128)
acctAttr05label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr05value
VARCHAR(128)
parm01label
VARCHAR(50)
parm01value
VARCHAR(128)
parm02label
VARCHAR(50)
parm02value
VARCHAR(128)
parm03label
VARCHAR(50)
parm03value
VARCHAR(128)
parm04label
VARCHAR(50)
parm04value
VARCHAR(128)
parm05label
VARCHAR(50)
parm05value
VARCHAR(128)
Sybase
Table C-4 lists the data schema values for the Sybase database type:
Table C-4
Data Schema Values for the Sybase Database Type
Database Column
Value
id
VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL
name
VARCHAR(128) NOT NULL
resourceName
VARCHAR(128)
accountName
VARCHAR(50)
objectType
CHAR(2)
Appendix C
Audit Log Database Schema
497
Sybase
Table C-4
498
Data Schema Values for the Sybase Database Type
Database Column
Value
objectName
VARCHAR(128)
action
CHAR(2)
actionDate
CHAR(8)
actionTime
CHAR(12)
actionStatus
CHAR(1)
interface
VARCHAR(50)
server
VARCHAR(128)
subject
VARCHAR(128)
reason
CHAR(2)
message
VARCHAR(255)
acctAttrChanges
TEXT
acctAttr01label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr01value
VARCHAR(128)
acctAttr02label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr02value
VARCHAR(128)
acctAttr03label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr03value
VARCHAR(128)
acctAttr04label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr04value
VARCHAR(128)
acctAttr05label
VARCHAR(50)
acctAttr05value
VARCHAR(128)
parm01label
VARCHAR(50)
parm01value
VARCHAR(128)
parm02label
VARCHAR(50)
parm02value
VARCHAR(128)
parm03label
VARCHAR(50)
parm03value
VARCHAR(128)
parm04label
VARCHAR(50)
parm04value
VARCHAR(128)
parm05label
VARCHAR(50)
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Audit Log Database Mappings
Data Schema Values for the Sybase Database Type
Table C-4
Database Column
Value
parm05value
VARCHAR(128)
Audit Log Database Mappings
Table C-5 contains the mappings between stored audit log database keys and the
display string to which they map in the audit report output. Identity Manager
stores items that are used as constants as short database keys to save space in the
repository. The product interface does not display these mappings. Instead, you
see them only when examining the output of a dump of the audit report results.
Table C-5
Object Key Type, Action, and Action Status Database Keys
Audit Object Type
DB Key
Action
DB Key
Action Status
DB Key
Administrator
AD
Approve
AP
Failure
F
Admin Group
AG
Change Password
CP
Success
S
Application
AP
Change Resource Password
CR
Audit Config
AC
Configure
CG
Audit Log
AL
Connect
CN
Email Template
ET
Create
CT
Lighthouse Account
LA
Credentials Expired
CE
Login Config
LC
Delete
DL
Notify
NT
Delete Account
DA
Object Group
OG
Deprovision
DP
Policy
PO
Disable
DS
Remedy Config
RC
Disconnect
DC
Resource Account
RA
Enable
EN
Resource
RS
Launch
LN
Resource Object
RE
Load
LD
Role
RL
Login
LG
Role Attribute
RT
Logout
LO
Task Definition
TD
Native Change
NC
Task Instance
TI
Protect Resource Password
PT
Appendix C
Audit Log Database Schema
499
Audit Log Database Mappings
Table C-5
Object Key Type, Action, and Action Status Database Keys
Audit Object Type
DB Key
Action
DB Key
Task Schedule
TS
Provision
PV
User
US
Reject
RJ
Workflow Case
WC
Reprovision
RV
Workflow Process
WP
Reset Password
RP
Workflow Task
WT
Terminate
TR
Update
MO
View
VW
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Action Status
DB Key
Appendix D
Active Sync Wizard
Overview
In versions of Identity Manager prior to 7.0, the Active Sync Wizard is used to
create and manage active synchronization. This appendix contains information
about using the Active Sync Wizard to set up and manage active synchronization
in supported versions of Identity Manager. For version 7.0 and later, a
synchronization policy is used to configure synchronization.
Setting Up Synchronization
Use the Active Synce Wizard in the Identity Manager resources area to set up
active synchronization. This wizard leads you through a varying set of steps,
depending on the choices you make, to set up active synchronization for a
resource.
To launch the Active Sync Wizard, select a resource in the resources list, and then
select Active Sync Wizard from the Resource Actions list of options.
Synchronization Mode
The Synchronization Mode page lets you determine the range of configuration
options you can choose during active synchronization setup.
Select from these options:
Input Form Usage — Select the mode to use when setting up active
synchronization. You can choose to use a pre-existing form, which limits
configuration choices for this resource. Alternatively, you can use a form that is
generated by the Active Sync Wizard, which offers a complete set of configuration
choices.
501
Setting Up Synchronization
•
If you select Pre-Existing Input Form (the default), then make selections for
these options:
•
Input Form — Select an input form that will process data updates.
This optional configuration item allows attributes to be transformed
before they are saved on the accounts.
•
Process Rule — Optionally, select a process rule to run for each
incoming account. This selection overrides all other options. If you
specify a process rule, the process will be run for every row, regardless
of other settings on the resource. It can be either a process name, or a
rule evaluating to a process name.
Figure 13-17 Active Sync Wizard: Synchronization Mode, Pre-Existing Form
Selections
•
If you select Use Wizard Generated Input Form, then make selections for these
options:
вќЌ
вќЌ
502
Configuration Mode — Select whether to use basic or advanced mode
within the Active Sync Wizard. Basic mode is the default option. If you
select advanced mode, you can define event types and set process rules.
Process Rule — (Displays with advanced configuration mode only.)
Optionally, select a process rule to run for each incoming account. This
selection overrides all other options. If you specify a process rule, the
process will be run for every row, regardless of other settings on the
resource. It can be either a process name, or a rule evaluating to a process
name.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Setting Up Synchronization
вќЌ
Post-Process Form — (Displays with advanced configuration mode only.)
Optionally select a form to run, in addition to the form generated by the
Active Sync Wizard. This form overrides any settings from the Active Sync
Wizard.
Figure 13-18 Active Sync Wizard: Synchronization Mode, Wizard Generated Form
Selections
Click Next to continue with the wizard. The Active Sync Running Settings page
appears.
Running Settings
This page allows you to establish the following settings for active synchronization:
•
Startup
•
Polling
•
Logging
Startup Settings
Make selections for Active Sync startup from the following options:
•
Startup Type — Select one of the following options:
вќЌ
Automatic or Automatic with failover — Starts the authoritative source
when the Identity system is started.
вќЌ
Manual — Requires that an administrator start the authoritative source.
вќЌ
Disabled — Disables the resource.
Appendix D
Active Sync Wizard
503
Setting Up Synchronization
•
Proxy Administrator — Select the administrator who will process updates. All
actions will be authorized through capabilities assigned to this administrator.
You should select a proxy administrator with an empty user form.
Polling Settings
If you set a polling start date and time that is in the future, polling will begin when
specified. If you set a polling start date and time that is in the past, Identity
Manager determines when to begin polling based on this information and the
polling interval. For example:
•
You configure active synchronization for the resource on July 18, 2005
(Tuesday)
•
You set the resource to poll weekly, with a start date of July 4, 2005 (Monday)
and time of 9:00 a.m.
In this case, the resource will begin polling on July 25, 2005 (the following
Monday).
If you do not specify a start date or time, then the resource will poll immediately. If
you take this approach, each time the application server is restarted, all resources
configured for active synchronization will begin polling immediately. The typical
approach, is to set a start date and time.
Make selections to set up polling:
•
Poll Every — Specify how often to poll. Enter a number, and then select the
unit of time (Days, Hours, Minutes, Months, Seconds, or Weeks). Minutes is
the default unit.
•
Polling Start Date —- Enter the day that the first scheduling interval should
start, in yyyyMMdd format.
•
Polling Start Time — Enter the time of day that the first scheduling interval
should start, in HH:mm:ss format.
Logging Settings
Make selections to set up logging information and levels from the following
options:
•
504
Maximum Log Archives — If greater than zero, retain the latest N log files. If
zero, then a single log file is re-used. If -1, then log files are never discarded.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Setting Up Synchronization
•
Maximum Active Log Age — After this period of time has elapsed, the active
log will be archived. If the time is zero, then no time-based archival will occur.
If Maximum Log Archives is zero, then the active log will instead be truncated
and re-used after this time period. This age criteria is evaluated independently
of the time criteria specified by Maximum Log File Size.
Enter a number, and then select the unit of time (Days, Hours, Minutes, Months,
Seconds, or Weeks). Days is the default unit.
•
Log File Path — Enter the path to the directory in which to create the active
and archived log files. Log file names begin with the resource name.
•
Maximum Log file Size — Enter the maximum size, in bytes, of the active log
file. The active log file will be archived when it reaches maximum size. If
Maximum Log Archives is zero, then the active log will instead be truncated
and re-used after this time period. This size criteria is evaluated independently
of the age criteria specified by Maximum Active Log Age.
•
Log Level — Enter the level of logging:
вќЌ
0 — no logging
вќЌ
1 — error
вќЌ
2 — information
вќЌ
3 — verbose
вќЌ
4 — debug
Figure 13-19 is a sample view of the Running Settings page.
Appendix D
Active Sync Wizard
505
Setting Up Synchronization
Figure 13-19 Active Sync Wizard: Running Settings
Click Next to continue with the wizard. The General Active Sync Settings page
appears.
General Active Sync Settings
Use this page to specify general active synchronization configuration parameters.
Resource Specific Settings
Available resource-specific settings vary depending on the resource type. For
example, for an LDAP resource, the following settings might apply. .
506
•
Object Classes to Synchronize — Enter the object classes to synchronize. The
change log is for all objects; this filters updates only to the listed object classes.
•
LDAP Filter for Accounts to Synchronize — Enter an optional LDAP filter for
the objects to synchronize. The change log is for all objects; this filter updates
only objects that match the specified filter. If you specify a filter, an object will
be synchronized only if it matches the filter and includes a synchronized object
class.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Setting Up Synchronization
•
Attributes to synchronize — Enter the attribute names to synchronize. This
ignores updates from the change log if they do not update any of the named
attributes. For example, If only department is listed, then only changes that
affect department will be processed. All other updates are ignored. If blank
(the default), then all changes are processed.
•
Change Log Blocksize — Enter the number of change log entries to fetch per
query. The default number is 100.
•
Change Number Attribute Name — Enter the name of the change number
attribute in the change log entry.
•
Filter Changes By — Enter the names (RDNs) of directory administrators to
filter from the changes. Changes with the attribute modifiersname that match
entries in this list will be filtered.
The standard value is the administrator's name used by this adapter, to prevent
loops. Entries should be in the format cn=Directory Manager.
Common Settings
•
Correlation Rule — Optionally, specify a correlation rule to override the
correlation rule specified in the resource's reconciliation policy. Correlation
rules correlate resource accounts to Identity system accounts.
•
Confirmation Rule —- Optionally, specify a confirmation rule to override the
confirmation rule specified in the resource's reconciliation policy.
•
Resolve Process Rule — Optionally specify the name of a Task Definition to
run in case of multiple matches to a record in the feed. This should be a process
that prompts an administrator for manual action. It can be a process name or a
rule evaluating to a process name.
•
Delete Rule — Optionally specify a rule, which returns true or false, that will
be evaluated for each incoming user update to determine if a delete operation
should occur.
•
Create Unmatched Accounts — When true, the adapter will attempt to create
accounts that it does not find in the Identity system. When false, the adapter
will run the account through the process returned by the Resolve Process Rule.
•
Assign Active Sync resource on create events — When this option is selected,
the Active Sync source resource will be assigned to the user that is created
when a create event is detected.
Appendix D
Active Sync Wizard
507
Setting Up Synchronization
•
Populate Global — All attributes in the incoming accounts will always be
available to the form under the ActiveSync namespace. If this option is
selected, then all attributes (except accountId) will be available on the global
namespace also.
•
When reset, ignore past changes — When the adapter is started for the first
time or reset, select to ignore past changes. To reset the adapter, edit the
XmlData object SYNC_resourceName to remove the MapEntry for the desired
synchronization process, for example ActiveSync. This option is not available
for all adapters.
•
Pre-Poll Workflow — Select an optional workflow to be executed immediately
before each poll.
•
Post-Poll Workflow — Select an optional workflow to be executed
immediately after each poll.
Click Save or Next to save changes to general settings for the resource:
•
If you are using the pre-existing input form, click Save to complete the wizard
selections and return to the Resources list.
•
If you are using the wizard-generated input form, click Next to continue.
вќЌ
вќЌ
If you are using basic configuration mode, the Target Resources page
appears. (Skip forward in this chapter to “Target Resources” on page 510.)
If you are using advanced configuration mode, the Event Types page
appears.
Event Types
Use this page to configure a mechanism to determine whether a certain type of
change event has occurred on the active sync resource.
About Events
An active synchronization event is defined as a change that occurs on an active
sync resource. The event types listed for each resource depend on the type of
resource and the object affected by the change event. Some event types are create,
delete, update, disable, enable, and rename.
Ignoring Events
You can select a mechanism to determine whether to ignore an active sync event.
Options are:
•
508
None — No active sync events will be ignored.
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Setting Up Synchronization
•
Rule — Use a rule to determine whether to ignore the active sync event. If you
select this option, then you must additionally select a rule from the options list.
•
Condition — Use a condition to determine whether to ignore the active sync
event. After selecting this option, click Edit Condition to use the Condition
Panel to define the condition.
Options for determining event types are:
•
None — There is no method for determining the event type.
•
Rule — Use a rule to determine the event type. If you select this option, then
you must additionally select a rule from the options list.
•
Condition — Use a condition to determine the event type. After selecting this
option, click Edit Condition to use the Condition Panel to define the condition.
Click Next to continue in the wizard. The Process Selection page appears.
Process Selection
Use this page to set up a workflow or process to run when the user view is checked
in for a specific active sync event instance or type of active sync event.
Process Mode
You can select from two modes that determine which workflow or process will run
when an active sync event occurs:
•
Rule — You can use a specific rule to determine which workflow or process to
run for each active sync event instance. This means that the rule is executed
each time an event occurs.
After selecting this option, select a rule (process determination rule) from the
list.
Figure 13-20 illustrates the Process Selection page where you indicate the rule
selection.
Appendix D
Active Sync Wizard
509
Setting Up Synchronization
Figure 13-20 Active Sync Wizard: Process Selection (Rule)
•
Event Type — You can run a workflow or process based on the event type of
each event instance. This is the default selection.
After selecting this option, select a workflow or process to run for each event
type listed, as shown in Figure 13-21.
Figure 13-21 Active Sync Wizard: Process Selection (Event Type)
Click Next to continue in the wizard. The Target Resources page appears.
Target Resources
Use this page to specify target resources to synchronize with this resource.
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Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Setting Up Synchronization
Figure 13-22 Active Sync Wizard: Target Resources
1.
Select one or more resources from the Available Resources area, and then move
them to the Target Resources area.
2.
Click Next to continue. The Target Attribute Mappings page appears.
Target Attribute Mappings
Use this page to define the target attribute mappings for each target resource.
Figure 13-23 Active Sync Wizard: Target Attribute Mappings
1.
Select a target resource from the options list. To add a target attribute to the list,
click Add Mapping.
2.
Select the attribute, type, and attribute value for each target attribute.
Appendix D
Active Sync Wizard
511
Setting Up Synchronization
3.
In the Applies To column, select one or more actions (Create, Update, or
Delete) to which the mapping will apply.
4.
Continue making selections for each target resource.
To remove an attribute row from the list, select the row, and then click Remove
Mapping.
Click Save to save the attribute mappings and return to the resources list.
512
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Glossary
access review A managed and audited process of attesting that a set of
employees have the appropriate user entitlements on a particular date.
admin role
Unique set of capabilities for each set of organizations assigned to
an administrative user.
administrator Person who sets up Identity Manager or is responsible for
operational tasks, such as creating users and managing access to resources.
administrator interface
Primary administrative view of Identity Manager.
approver User with administrative capabilities responsible for approving or
rejecting access requests.
attest An action performed by an attestor during an access review to confirm that
a user entitlement is appropriate.
attestation task Logical collection of user entitlement reviews requiring
attestation. User entitlements are grouped into a single attestation task if they are
assigned to the same attestor and are produced from the same access review
instance.
attestor User who accepts responsibility for certifying (attesting) that a user
entitlement is appropriate. An attestor has extended privileges in Identity Manager
that are necessary to manage user entitlements requiring attestation.
business process editor (BPE) Graphical view of Identity Manager forms, rules,
and workflow provided with Identity Manager versions prior to 7.0. The BPE has
been replaced by the Identity Manager IDE in the current versions of Identity
Manager. See Identity Manager IDE.
513
capability Group of access rights for user accounts that governs actions
performed in Identity Manager; low-level access control within Identity Manager.
directory junction Hierarchically related set of organizations that mirrors a
directory resource’s actual set of hierarchical containers. Each organization in a
directory junction is a virtual organization.
escalation timeout A time range specified for a work item request in which the
assigned work item owner has to respond before the Identity Manager process
sends it to the next assigned responder.
form Object associated with a Web page that contains rules about how a browser
should display user view attributes on that page. Forms can incorporate business
logic, and are often used to manipulate view data before it is presented to the user.
ide
See Identity Manager IDE.
Identity Manager IDE The Identity Manager Integrated Development
Environment (IDE) is a Java application that enables you to view, customize, and
debug Identity Manager objects in your deployment.
identity template
organization
delegation.
Defines the user’s resource account name.
Identity Manager container used to enable administrative
Organizations define the scope of entities (such as user accounts, resources, and
administrator accounts) an administrator controls or manages. Organizations
provide a “where” context, primarily for Identity Manager administrative
purposes.
periodic access review An access review that is performed at periodic intervals,
for example, every calendar quarter.
policy
Establishes limitations for Identity Manager accounts.
Identity Manager policies establish user, password, and authentication options,
and are tied to organizations or users. Resource password and account ID policies
set rules, allowed words, and attribute values, and are tied to individual resources.
remediator An Identity Manager user specified as the assigned remediator for an
audit policy.
514
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
When Identity Manager detects a compliance violation that requires remediation, it
creates a remediation work item and sends the work item to the remediator’s work
item list.
resource IAn Identity Manager object that stores information about how to
connect to a resource or system on which accounts are created.
Resources to which Identity Manager provides access include mainframe security
managers, databases, directory services, applications, operating systems, ERP
systems, and messaging platforms.
resource adapter Identity Manager component that provides a link between the
Identity Manager engine and the resource.
This component enables Identity Manager to manage user accounts on a given
resource (including create, update, delete, authenticate, and scan capabilities) as
well as utilize that resource for pass-through authentication.
resource adapter account Credentials used by an Identity Manager resource
adapter to access a managed resource.
resource group Collection of resources used to order the creation, deletion, and
update of user resource accounts.
resource wizard Identity Manager tool that steps through the resource creation
and modification process, including setup and configuration of resource
parameters, account attributes, identity template, and Identity Manager
parameters.
role In Identity Manager, a template or profile for a class of users. Each user can
be assigned to one or more roles, which define account resource access and default
resource attributes.
rule Object in the Identity Manager repository that contains a function written in
XPRESS, XML Object, or JavaScript languages. Rules provide a mechanism for
storing frequently used logic or static variables for reuse within forms, workflows,
and roles.
schema
List of user account attributes for a resource.
schema map Map of resource account attributes to Identity Manager account
attributes for a resource.
Glossary
515
Identity Manager account attributes create a common link to multiple resources
and are referenced by forms.
service provider users Extranet users, or customers of a service provider that are
distinguished separately from the service provider company’s personnel or
intranet users.
user Person who holds an Identity Manager system account. Users can hold a
range of capabilities in Identity Manager; those with extended capabilities are
Identity Manager administrators.
user account
Account created using Identity Manager.
Refers either to an Identity Manager account or accounts on Identity Manager
resources. The user account setup process is dynamic; information or fields to be
completed depend on the resources provided to the user directly or indirectly
through role assignment.
user entitlement User view showing the assigned resouces, and the important
attributes on those resources, for a single user on a particular date.
user interface
Limited view of the Identity Manager system.
Specifically tailored to users without administrative capabilities, it allows them to
perform a range of self-service tasks such as changing passwords, setting answers
to authentication questions and managing delegated assignments.
virtual organization
directory junction.
Organization defined within a directory junction. See
workflow A logical, repeatable process during which documents, information, or
tasks are passed from one participant to another. Identity Manager workflows
comprise multiple processes that control creation, update, enabling, disabling, and
deletion of user accounts.
work items an action request generated by a workflow, form, or procedure in
Identity Manager that is assigned to a user that has been specified as an approver,
attestor, remediator.
516
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Index
A
Access Review Detail Report Administrator
capability 175
access reviews 392
access scans
creating 397
modifying 405
Account Administrator capability 175
account attributes 113, 116
account IDs
for additional approvers 266
for approvals 266
for escalating approvals 272
for notification recipients 260
account index
examining 218
reports 234
searching 218
working with 218
account index report
required capabilities 181
Account Management event group 424
Accounts area, Administrator interface 67
action keys table 499
action status keys table 499
actions 434
extended 430
Active Sync adapters
changing polling intervals 224
common settings 507
editing 223
event types 508
general settings 506
LDAP settings 506
logging settings 222, 504
logs 225
overview 219
performance tuning 223
polling settings 504
process selection 509
setting up 220, 501
specifying host 224
starting 225
startup settings 503
stopping 225
synchronization mode 501
target attribute mappings 511
target resources 510
Active Sync Wizard, launching 501
Add Attribute button 275, 276, 278
Admin Report Administrator capability 175
Admin Role Administrator capability 175
admin roles
assigning user form to 193
creating and editing 189
overview 41, 186
user role 188
administration, delegated 152
Section A
administration, understanding Identity
Manager 152
administrator
authentication questions 157
creating 153
customizing name display 158
filtering views 155
passwords 155
Administrator Interface 45
Accounts area 67
Administrators List
choosing approvers 266, 270, 273
choosing notification recipients 260, 263
allowInvalidCerts 300
applications, disabling access 334
approvals
categories 198
configuring 264–277
disabling 255
enabling 255, 265
escalated 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272
forms 274
Approvals tab
configuring 264–277
description 255, 264
overview 255
approvers
additional 255, 264, 265–274
configuring 264
configuring notifications 259
organizational 265
resource 265
role 265
setting up 199
Assign User Capabilities capability 176
assignments, user account 63
attestation 393
approving entitlements 407
delegating 395
managing 407
attributes
adding to approval forms 275, 276
constructing queries 262
default 274, 276
default display names 276
deriving account IDs 260, 266, 272
518
editing values 275, 276
removing from approval form 275
specifying for task approvals 264
specifying from account data 255
specifying in task names 256
user account 65
user.global.email 275
user.waveset.accountId 274
user.waveset.organization 275
user.waveset.resources 275
user.waveset.roles 275
waveset.accountId 283
audit configuration 422
audit configuration groups 146
audit events, creating 419
audit log
database mappings 499
detecting tampering in 436
tampering prevention 436
audit policies
about 359
assigning remediators to 372
assigning workflows to 373
creating 362
creating rules 368
debugging rules 375
editing 371
importing remediation workflow for 363
required capabilities 176
Audit Policy Administrator capability 176
Audit Policy Rule Wizard 368
Audit Report Administrator capability 176
audit scans 377
Audit tab
configuring 277–279
description 277
auditconfig.xml file 422
auditing
configuration 422
configuring 277–279
data storage
waveset.log 432
waveset.logattr 434
extendedActions 430
extendedResults 430
extendedTypes 428
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Section B
filterConfiguration 422
log database keys 434
overview 418
provisioner 418
session 418
view handlers 418
workflow 418, 419
auditing, configuring task template 255
Auditor Remediator capability 176
auditor reports 380
Auditor Report Administrator capability 176
creating 381
authentication
configuring for common resources 336
questions 157
user 93
X509 certificate-based 337
B
background, running tasks in the 255
BPE. See Identity Manager IDE
bulk actions
action lists 83
confirmation rules 97, 98
correlation rules 97, 98
on user accounts 82
types of 82
view attributes 86
bulk capabilities
Bulk Account Administrator 177
Bulk Change Account Administrator 177
Bulk Change User Account Administrator 177
Bulk Create User 177
Bulk Delete User 177
Bulk Deprovision User 177
Bulk Disable User 177
Bulk Enable User 178
Bulk Unassign User 178
Bulk Unlink User 178
Bulk Update User 178
Bulk User Account Administrator 178
Bulk Resource Actions 119
Business Process Editor (BPE) 50, 484
buttons
Add Attribute 275, 276, 278
Delete Identity Manager Account 257
Edit Mappings 252, 253
Enable 252
Escalate the approval 272
Execute a task 274
Remove Selected Attribute(s) 275, 277, 279
Timeout Action 271
C
capabilities
assigning 168
categories 167
creating 167
editing 167
functional hierarchy 168
overview 166
renaming 167
table of definitions 174
user assignment of 154
Capability Administrator capability 178
certificate-based authentication 337
Change capabilities
Change Account Administrator 178
Change Active Sync Resource Administrator 178
Change Password Administrator 179
Change Resource Password Administrator 179
Change User Account Administrator 179
ChangeLogs
configuring 122
creating and editing 124
creating policies 123
CSV file format 127
requirements 121
security 121
understanding 120
writing scripts 130
Changes Outside Identity Manager event group 427
clientConnectionFlags 300
clientSecurityFlags 300
com.waveset.object.Type class 428
com.waveset.security.Right objects 430
Index
519
Section D
com.waveset.session.WorkflowServices
application 419
comma-separated values (CSV) format. See CSV
format
common resources, configuring authentication
for 336
Compliance Management event group 425
configuration, audit 422
Configure Audit capability 179
Configure Form and Process Mappings page 254
Configure Tasks tabs 255
configuring 136
additional approvers 255
approval forms 274
approvals 264–277
audit groups 146
Audit tab 277–279
auditing 277–279
auditing task template 255
Create User Template 256
email notifications 255
General tab 256–258
Identity Attributes 132
Identity Events 136
Identity Manager server settings 147
notifications 259–263
Password Sync 292, 293
Provisioning tab 279
Service Provider Edition 443
signed approvals 201
Sunrise and Sunset tab 280–286
synchronization 220
task templates 254
timeouts 271, 272, 274
Update User Template 256
confirmation rules 97, 98
constraint rules, login 332
Control Active Sync Resource Administrator
capability 179
controlled organizations
scoping 191
user assignment of 154
convertDateToString 283, 284
Correlate via X509 Certificate subjectDN 339
correlation rules 97, 98
520
Create command 85
Create User capability 179
Create User page 69
Create User Template
configuring 256
description 251
mapping processes 254
createUser 253, 254
creating
access scans 397
audit policies 362
audit policy rules 368
creation tasks, suspending 255
cryptography
encryption keys 342
overview
protected data 341
CSV format 83, 209
extracting to 208
custom resources 109
D
dashboards, grouping reports 245
data synchronization
Active Sync adapters 219
discovery 208
reconciliation 213
tools 207
data transformation
before provisioning 255
during provisioning 286
Data Transformations tab
configuring 286
description 255
database
DB2 494
key mappings 499
keys 434
reasons 436
MySQL 496
Oracle 493
schema 432
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Section E
Sybase 497
date format strings 283, 284, 285
DB2 audit schema 494
debugging audit policy rules 375
debugging PasswordSync 298
default server settings 149
defaults
approval enablements 265
approval form attributes 274, 276
attribute display names 276
process type 253
task names 256
delegated administration 152
delegating work items 196
Delete command 84
Delete Identity Manager Account button 257
Delete User capability 179
Delete User Template
description 251
mapping processes 254
DeleteAndUnlink command 84
deleteUser 254
deleting
suspending deletion tasks 255
user accounts 79, 255, 257
deploying PasswordSync 301
Deprovision User capability 180
deprovisioning
configuring sunsets 285
user accounts 79, 255, 257, 258
detection, log tampering 436
dictionary policy
configuing 141
implementing 142
overview 140
selectiing 91
directory junctions
overview 164
setting up 165
directory resource 164
Disable command 84
Disable User capability 180
disabling approvals 255, 265
disabling user accounts 73
discovery
extract to file 208
load from file 208
load from resource 212
overview 208
documentation
overview 29
searching Identity Manager 51
searching used advanced queries 489
E
Edit Mappings button 252, 253
edit policy page 371
Edit Process Mappings page 252
Edit Task Template pages
Create User Template 254, 256
Delete User Template 254, 257
Update User Template 255, 256
editing
attribute values 275, 276
process mappings 252
task names 257
task templates 254
email notifications, configuring 255, 259
email settings, PasswordSync 296
email templates 261, 263
customizing 143
HTML and links 145
overview 142, 259
variables 145
Enable button 252
Enable command 84
Enable User capability 180
enabledEvents attribute 428
enabling
approval timeouts 271
approvals 255, 265
process mappings 252
task templates 254
enabling user accounts 75
encryption keys, server 342
Escalate the approval button 272
Index
521
Section F
escalated approvals
approvers for 272
timing out 267, 268, 269, 270, 271
event groups
account management 424
attributes 422
changes outside Identity Manager 427
compliance management 425
login/logog 425
resource management 426
role management 426
security management 427
task management 427
event types 508
events, creating audit 419
Execute a task button 274
extendedActions 422, 430
extendedObjects attribute 428
extendedResults 422, 430
extendedTypes 422, 428
extract to file 207, 208
F
field-level help 53
filterConfiguration 422
finding service provider users 470
finding user accounts 80
forms
adding attributes 276
configuring approval 274
currently configured 270, 287
editing 49
Notification 261
task approval 264
FormUtil method 283, 284
functional capabilities 167
522
G
gateway keys 344
General tab
configuring 256–258
description 255
Global Resource Policy 118
glossary 513
graphical reports 240
guidance, Identity Manager 50, 53
H
help, online 50
I
IDE. See Identity Manager interfaces
Identity Attributes
configuring 131
identity auditing
tasks 414
understanding 353
Identity Events 136
Identity Manager
about administration 152
account index 218
admin roles 41
capabilities 41, 166
database 432
goals 34
help and guidance 50
interfaces
Administrator 45
Identity Manager IDE 49
User 47
objects 37, 42
organizations 40, 158
overview 33
policies 137
resource groups 39, 117
resources 39, 108, 109
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Section J
roles 38, 104
server settings 147
tasks 55
user account 37
deleting 257
Identity Manager terms 513
Identity Manager Work Items 194
Identity system attribute names 117
identity system parameters, resources 115
identity template 114
identity, user account 62
IDMXUser 456
Import User capability 180
Import/Export Administrator capability 180
installdir 300
installing Microsoft .NET 1.1 290
installing PasswordSync
prerequisites 290
procedures 291
J
JMS listener adapter, configuring for
PasswordSync 301
JMS settings, PasswordSync 294
K
keys
gateway 344
server encryption 342
L
LDAP
Active Sync settings for 506
resource queries 262, 268
server 164
lh command
class 484
command argument 484
license 486
syslog 486
usage 483
License Administrator capability 180
license command 486
Lighthouse
tasks matrix 414
listing process mappings 252
load
from file 207, 208
from resource 207, 212
log database keys 434
login
applications 332
editing 333
constraint rules 332
correlation rule 339
module groups 332
editing 334
modules
editing 334
Login Administrator capability 180
login applications, disabling access 334
Login/Logoff Audit Event Group 425
M
Managed Resources page 109
ManageResource workflow 109
Managing Access Reviews 403
managing server encryption 347
mapping
process types 251, 254
processes 254
verifying 254
mappings for audit log 499
Meta View 132, 136
methods
determining approval timeouts 267
determining approvers 266
Index
523
Section N
determining deprovisioning 285
determining sunrises/sunsets 280
for administrator notifications 260
FormUtil 283, 284
Microsoft .NET 1.1 290
moving user accounts 72
MySQL audit schema 496
N
notification recipients
deriving account IDs 260
specifying by attribute 260
specifying by query 262
specifying by rule 261
specifying from Administrators list 263
specifying users 263
Notification tab
configuring 259–263
description 255
notifications
configuring 259–263
setting up in PasswordSync 303
transforming user account data 287
O
object key types table 499
objects, Identity Manager 37, 42
objectTypes 434
online help 50
Oracle audit schema 493
Organization Administrator capability 180
organization approvals 265
organizations
control assignment 163
creating 159
overview 40, 158
user assignment 161
virtual 164
524
P
pages
Configure Form and Process Mappings 254
Edit Process Mappings 252
Edit Task Template Create User Template 254,
256
Edit Task Template Delete User Template 254,
257
Edit Task Template Update User Template 255,
256
pass-through authentication 331
Password Administrator capability 180
password management 331
password policies
character type rules 90
dictionary policy 91
forbidden attributes 92
forbidden words 92
history 91
implementing 92
length rules 90
setting 90
password string quality policies 139
passwords
challenging administrator for 156
changing administrator 155
login applications 332
user account. See user account passwords
PasswordSync
configuring 292, 293
debugging 298
deploying 301
email settings 296
frequently asked questions 327
installation prerequisites 290
installing 291
JMS listener adapter, configuring 301
JMS settings 294
overview 289
proxy server configuration 294
registry keys 299
server configuration 293
setting up notifications 303
Synchronize User Password workflow 302
trace logs 298
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Section Q
uninstalling 300
uninstalling previous versions 291
Periodic Access Reviews
about 392
access scans 397
attestation 393
entitlements 407
launching 403
managing progress of 404
planning for 395
reports 410
scheduling 404
terminating 406
workflow process 393
policies
account ID 139
audit 359
dictionary 140
Global Resource Policy 118
Identity Manager account 138
overview 137
reconciliation 213
resource password 90, 139
Policy Administrator capability 181
policy violations
during access scans 398
forwarding remediation requests 390
mitigating 388
remediating 390
prevention, tampering 436
process mappings
editing 252
enabling 252
listing 252
required 253
verifying 254
process selection for Active Sync 509
process types
createUser 253
default 253
mapping 251, 253, 254
removing 253
selecting 253
updateUser 254
provisioner auditing 418
provisioning
data transformations 286
dates 282
in the background 279
Retry links 279
sunrises 280
times 282
transforming data before 255
Provisioning tab
configuring 279
description 255
proxy server configuration, PasswordSync 294
publishers 431
Q
queries
comparing attributes 262, 269
deriving approvers account IDs 266, 268, 273
deriving notification recipients account IDs 260,
262
help and documentation 52
LDAP resource 262, 268
resource attributes 262, 269
R
reateOrUpdate command 85
Reconcile Administrator capability 181
Reconcile Report Administrator capability 181
Reconcile Request Administrator capability 181
reconcile with resources 207
reconciler settings 147
reconciliation
overview 213
policies 213
policies, editing 214
starting 216
viewing status 217
reconciliation report 181
registry keys, PasswordSync 299
remediation
Index
525
Section R
about 383
assigning a workflow 373
forwarding requests 390
mitigating violations 388
remediating violations 390
required capabilities 176
Standard Remediation Workflow 384
viewing requests 386
Remedy integration 147
Remedy Integration Administrator capability 181
Remove Selected Attribute(s) button 275, 277, 279
Rename User capability 181
renaming user accounts 72
Report Administrator capability 181
Reports
AuditLog 233
auditor type 380
defining 229
defining graphical 240
downloading data 231
Real Time 234
renaming 230
risk analysis 237
running 230
scheduling 230
summary 234
SystemLog 236
usage 236
working with 227, 240
working with dashboards 245
Required Process Mappings section 253
Reset Password Administrator capability 181
Reset Resource Password Administrator
capability 182
resetting user account passwords 88
resource accounts
deleting Identity Manager accounts 257
deprovisioning 257, 258
unassigning 79, 258
unlinking 258
Resource Administrator capability 182
resource approvals 265
resource attributes 269
Resource Group Administrator capability 182
resource groups 39, 117
526
Resource Management event group 426
Resource Object Administrator capability 182
Resource Password Administrator capability 182
Resource Report Administrator capability 182
Resource Wizard 112
resources 39
account attributes 113, 116, 262
adapter 112
bulk operations 119
creating 112
custom 109
Global Resource Policy 118
Identity Manager 109
identity system parameters 115
identity template 114
list 109
managing 116
overview 108
parameters 112
querying 266, 268, 273
setting timeout values 118
Resources area 108
results 434
extended 430
Retry links, configuring 279
retrying tasks 255
Risk analysis 237
Risk Analysis Administrator capability 182
Role Administrator capability 182
Role Management event group 426
Role Report Administrator capability 182
roles
admin 41
approving 265
creating 104
editing assigned resource attribute values 105
overview 38
synchronizing Identity Manager roles and
resource roles 107
rule-driven assignment 161
rules
currently configured 287
evaluating to derive account IDs 260, 261, 266,
267, 272
for access reviews 396
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Section S
for data transformation 287
for deprovisioning 285
for provisioning 281, 284
modifying 49
sample user members 163
separation of duty 363
Run AuditLog Report capability 183
Run capabilities
Run Admin Report 183
Run Audit Report 183
Run Reconcile Report 183
Run Resource Report 183
Run Risk Analysis 183
Run Role Report 183
Run Task Report 183
Run User Report 183
running tasks in background 255
S
sample user members rule 163
scheduler settings 148
schema map 117
scoping controlled organizations 191
searching
help and documentation 51
service provider transactions 458
user accounts 68
security
best practices 349
features 330
pass-through authentication 331
password management 331
user account 64
Security Administrator capability 184
Security Management event group 427
self-discovery 96
server encryption
keys 342
managing 341, 347
Service Provider Edition
advanced transaction process settings 456
audit group configuration 481
callout configuration 450
configuring search defaults 451
configuring synchronization 479
creating admin roles 464
creating user accounts 467
delegated administration 461
deleting user accounts 473
enabling admin role delegation 463
initial configuration 443
monitoring transactions 458
searching user accounts 470
setting transaction defaults 452
tracked event configuration 448
transaction database configuration 447
Transaction Persistent Store 455
Service Provider Edition user administration 466
Service Provider end-user interface 475
Service Provider User type 36
session auditing 418
session limits, setting 333
signed approvals, configuring 201
soapClientTimeout 300
Solaris
patches 31
support 31
specifying
attributes from account data 255
notification recipients 260, 261, 262, 263
user notifications 263
SSL connection, testing 340
status indicators, user accounts 68
Sunrise and Sunset tab
configuring 280–286
description 255
sunrises
configuring 280
provisioning a new user 280
sunsets
configuring 280
deprovisioning 285
support
Solaris 31
suspending tasks 255
Sybase audit schema 497
synchronization
Index
527
Section T
configuring 220
disabling 223
Service Provider Edition 478
synchronization mode 501
Synchronization Policy 220
Synchronize User Password workflow 302
syslog command 486
Timeout Action button 271
timeout value, setting 333
timeouts
configuring 271, 272, 274
escalated approvals 267, 268, 269, 270, 271
trace logs, PasswordSync 298
triple-DES encryption 342, 345
troubleshooting
audit policies 375
types, extended 428
T
tabs
Approvals 255
Configure Tasks 255
Data Transformations 255
General 255
Notification 255
Provisioning 255
Sunrise and Sunset 255
tampering, prevention 436
target attribute mappings for Active Sync 511
target resources for Active Sync 510
Task Management event group 427
task names
attribute references 256
defining 255, 256
Task Report Administrator capability 185
task templates
configuring 254
Create User Template 251
Delete User Template 251
editing 254
enabling 251, 254
mapping process types 251
Update User Template 251
task-based capabilities 167
tasks
identity auditing 414
quick reference 55
retrying 255
running in background 255
sunrises/sunsets 255
suspending 255
templates, email 259, 261, 263
528
U
Unassign command 84
Unassign User capability 185
unassigning resource accounts 79, 258
uninstalling PasswordSync 300
uninstalling previous versions of PasswordSync 291
Unlink command 84
Unlink User capability 185
unlinking resource accounts 79, 258
Unlock User capability 185
unlocking user accounts 77
Update command 85
Update User capability 185
Update User Template
configuring 256
description 251
mapping processes 254
updateUser 254
updating user accounts 76
user access, defining 35
user account
assigned audit policies 65
assignments 63
attributes 65
authentication 93
bulk actions 82
creating 69
data 61
data transformations 286
deleting 79, 255, 257
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
Section V
deprovisioning 79, 255, 257
disabling 73
editing 71
enabling 75
finding 80
identity 62
moving 72
overview 37
passwords
changing 87
resetting 88
working with 87
renaming 72
searching 68
security 64
self-discovery 96
status indicators 68
unlocking 77
updating 76
viewing 69
User Account Administrator capability 185
User Admin Role 188
user entitlement record 410
user form 69, 155
assigning to admin role 193
User Interface, Identity Manager 47
User Member Rule option box 162
User Report Administrator capability 185
user templates
editing 256, 257
selecting 254
user types 36
user.global.email attribute 275
user.waveset.accountId attribute 274
user.waveset.organization attribute 275
user.waveset.resources attribute 275
user.waveset.roles attribute 275
viewing
pending attestations 407
pending work items 194
report types 232
user accounts 69
work item history 195
virtual organizations
deleting 166
overview 164
refreshing 166
W
Waveset Administrator capability 186
waveset.accountId attribute 283
waveset.log table 432
waveset.logattr table 434
wildcards for searching online documentation 489
Windows Active Directory resource 164
work items
delegating 196
managing 194
pending 47
types 194
viewing history 195
workflow auditing 418, 419
workflows, modifying 49
WSUser object 428
X
X509 certificate-based authentication 337
XML files
approval form 276, 277
extracting to 208
loading 208
V
verifying process mappings 254
view handler auditing 418
View User capability 185
Index
529
Section X
530
Sun Java System Identity Manager 7.0 • Identity Manager Administration
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