Sun Java[TM] System Identity Manager 7.1 Deployment Tools

Sun Java[TM] System Identity Manager 7.1 Deployment Tools
Sun Javaв„ў System
Identity Manager 7.1
Deployment Tools
Sun Microsystems, Inc.
4150 Network Circle
Santa Clara, CA 95054
U.S.A.
Part No: 820-0820-10
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L'ABSENCE DE CONTREFACON.
Contents
List of Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix
List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvii
Who Should Use This Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvii
How This Book Is Organized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xviii
Conventions Used in This Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xix
Typographic Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xix
Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xix
Shell Prompts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xx
Related Documentation and Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxi
Accessing Sun Resources Online . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxii
Contacting Sun Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxii
Related Third-Party Web Site References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxii
Sun Welcomes Your Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiii
Chapter 1 Using the Identity Manager IDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Major Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
How Identity Manager IDE Compares to BPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Installing the Identity Manager IDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Before You Begin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Upgrading Version 7.0 Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Installing the Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
IdM Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Explorer Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Editor Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Palette Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
iii
Properties Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Output Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Debugger Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Using Keyboard Shortcuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Working with Identity Manager IDE Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
What is a Project? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Creating a Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Choosing an Existing Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Setting the Identity Manager Instance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Managing the Embedded Repository . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Working with Repository Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Supported Object Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Checking-Out Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Getting Objects from the Repository . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Uploading Objects to the Repository . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Creating New Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Editing Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Deleting Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Using the Diff Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Working with XML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Editing XML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Using Auto-Completion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Identifying and Correcting Malformed XML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Validating XML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Starting the Debugger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Setting Breakpoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Using Watches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Stepping Through an Executing Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Debugging Forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Testing Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Debugging Workflows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Using the Identity Manager IDE Tutorial: Debugging Forms, Rules, and Workflows . . . . . . . . . 78
Debugging Java and XPRESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Stopping the Debugger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Disabling the Debugger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Running the Debugger Outside a Test Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Uninstalling Identity Manager IDE from NetBeans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Troubleshooting Identity Manager IDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Unable to Delete Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Out of Memory Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Tomcat Manager Dialog Displays, Requesting User Name and Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
iv
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Chapter 2 Working with Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Understanding Rules and Rule Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
What is a Rule? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Why Use Rules? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
What is a Rule Library? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Customizing Default Rules and Rule Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Active Sync Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
AlphaNumeric Rules Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Auditor Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Compliance Violation Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
DateLibrary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Excluded Resource Accounts Rule SubType . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Naming Rules Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
RegionalConstants Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Developing New Rules and Rule Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Understanding Rule Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Writing Rules in JavaScript . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Referencing Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Basic Rule Call Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Rule Argument Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Securing Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Securing a Rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Creating Rules that Reference More Secure Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Chapter 3 Working with Variable Namespaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Active Sync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interactive Edits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Load Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reconciliation Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
X.509 Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous Variable Contexts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 4 Developing Adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Who Should Read this Chapter? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What is a Resource Adapter? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How Do Active Sync-Enabled Adapters
and Standard Adapters Differ? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How Standard Resource Adapters Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How Active Sync-Enabled Adapters Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Preparing to Create a Custom Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Understanding Your Resource . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What’s in the Resource Extension Facility (REF) Kit? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Getting Familiar with Your Resource Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adapter Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resource Information Defined in Resource Adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Writing Adapter Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standard Resource Adapter-Specific Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Writing Active Sync-Specific Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the Custom Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintaining the Custom Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Testing Your Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Testing a Custom Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Testing the Resource Object in Identity Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Typical Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Debugging LoginConfig Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
174
174
178
181
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183
209
209
219
223
224
224
225
228
229
230
Chapter 5 Working with Firewalls
or Proxy Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233
Servlet APIs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233
Chapter 6 Configuring Dictionary Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235
About the Dictionary Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235
Configuring the Dictionary Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236
Implementing the Dictionary Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
Chapter 7 Using SPML 1.0 with Identity Manager Web Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Who Should Read This Chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with Identity Manager Web Service Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring SPML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing and Modifying Repository Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing the waveset.properties File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing Configuration Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Understanding How Requests Are Processed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How an Add Request is Processed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How a Modify Request is Processed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How a Search Request is Processed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Launching the SPML Browser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting to the Identity Manager Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Testing and Troubleshooting the SPML Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Developing SPML Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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241
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242
244
254
254
254
255
256
256
257
257
ExtendedRequest Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Trace with SPML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Add Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Modify Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Search Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
259
263
265
266
266
266
267
Chapter 8 Using SPML 2.0 with Identity Manager Web Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Who Should Read This Chapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
How SPML 2.0 Compares to SPML 1.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
How SPML 2.0 Concepts Are Mapped to Identity Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272
Supported SPML 2.0 Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273
Async Capability Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279
Batch Capability Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280
Bulk Capability Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280
Password Capability Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280
Suspend Capability Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282
Which SPML 2.0 Features Are Not Supported . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283
Configuring Identity Manager to Use SPML 2.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284
The SPML2 Configuration Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285
web.xml . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290
Using Trace with SPML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 292
Extending the System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294
Sample SPML 2.0 Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294
Appendix A Using the Business Process Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting and Configuring the BPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting the BPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specifying a Workspace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enabling JDIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using SSL in the BPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Navigating the Business Process Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with the BPE Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading Processes or Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Editor Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Validating Workflow Revisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Saving Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inserting XPRESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Keyboard Shortcuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessing JavaDocs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
295
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296
296
297
300
302
302
303
305
307
308
309
310
311
312
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vii
Inserting a Method Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with Generic and Configuration Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Common Persistent Object Classes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing and Editing Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating a New Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Validating a New Configuration Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating and Editing Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the BPE Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating a New Rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing a Rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rule Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Customizing a Workflow Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 1: Create a Custom Email Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 2: Customize the Workflow Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Debugging Workflows, Forms, and Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recommendations for Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Debugger Main Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stepping through an Executing Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Debugging Workflows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Debugging Forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
313
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314
314
317
318
319
319
332
340
342
344
345
347
351
352
353
359
361
367
385
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 389
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Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
List of Figures
Figure 1-1
Selecting the Module Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Figure 1-2
Specifying the Module to Install . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Figure 1-3
Select the Module to View Its Certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Figure 1-4
Identity Manager IDE User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Figure 1-5
Projects Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Figure 1-6
Example Design View for Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Figure 1-7
Example Workflow Design View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Figure 1-8
Example Source Editor View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Figure 1-9
Example Breakpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Figure 1-10
Example Insert Instance Invoke Dialog with JavaDoc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Figure 1-11
Example Palette Window for Delete User Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Figure 1-12
Example Properties Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Figure 1-13
Example Output Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Figure 1-14
Example Breakpoints Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Figure 1-15
New Project Wizard: Specify a Category . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Figure 1-16
New Project Wizard: Specifying Where to Store the Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Figure 1-17
New Project Wizard: Specifying the WAR File Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Figure 1-18
New Project Wizard: Repository Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Figure 1-19
New Project Wizard: Specifying Where to Store the Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Figure 1-20
New Project Wizard: Specifying the IDE Compatibility Bundle
File Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Figure 1-21
New Project Wizard: Specifying the Server Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Figure 1-22
Open Project Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Figure 1-23
Set Identity Manager Instance Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Figure 1-24
Explore Repository Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Figure 1-25
Open Object Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Figure 1-26
Example Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
ix
x
Figure 1-27
Two Example Expression Builder Dialogs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Figure 1-28
Adding Elements to an Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Figure 1-29
Add Result Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Figure 1-30
Identity Differences Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Figure 1-31
Example Side-By-Side Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Figure 1-32
Error Icon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Figure 1-33
Breakpoints Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Figure 1-34
Rule Tester Inputs Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Figure 1-35
Open debugger-tutorial-workflow1.xml Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Figure 1-36
Virtual Thread for the Start Activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Figure 1-37
Virtual Thread for the Start Activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Figure 1-38
New firstName Value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Figure 1-39
New computeFullName Virtual Thread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Figure 1-40
New Breakpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Figure 1-41
Choosing the Rule File Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Figure 1-42
Choosing the Rule File Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Figure 1-43
Selecting the Module to Uninstall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Figure 4-1
Resource Attributes for Windows NT Resource . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
Figure 8-1
OpenSPML 2.0 Toolkit Architecture
Figure A-1
BPE Workspace Location Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294
Figure A-2
BPE Connection Information Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 298
Figure A-3
Editor Options Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301
Figure A-4
BPE Tree View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303
Figure A-5
Diagram View (Workflow) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 304
Figure A-6
Property View (Form) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305
Figure A-7
Select objects to edit dialog (with Library options expanded) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306
Figure A-8
Editor Options Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307
Figure A-9
Menu for Inserting XPRESS Functions into XML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310
Figure A-10
Inserting XPRESS Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311
Figure A-11
Opening a Javadoc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312
Figure A-12
Selecting the getUser Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313
Figure A-13
BPE Tree Display of the Configuration Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315
Figure A-14
User Extended Attributes Object Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315
Figure A-15
BPE XML Display of Reconcile Configuration Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316
Figure A-16
BPE Attribute Display of Generic Object (System Configuration) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316
Figure A-17
BPE New Generic Object Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317
Figure A-18
BPE New Configuration Object Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Figure A-19
New Attribute of BPE Generic Object Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318
Figure A-20
Rule Display in Tree View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320
Figure A-21
Rule Source Pane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 321
Figure A-22
Input Tab Pane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322
Figure A-23
Result Tab Pane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323
Figure A-24
Trace Tab Pane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323
Figure A-25
Rule Dialog (Main Tab View) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324
Figure A-26
Rule Argument Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325
Figure A-27
XML Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325
Figure A-28
Graphical Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 326
Figure A-29
Property Sheet Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 326
Figure A-30
Configuration Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327
Figure A-31
Select Rule Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328
Figure A-32
Main Tab Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329
Figure A-33
Repository Tab Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330
Figure A-34
XML Tab Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331
Figure A-35
New Rule Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 332
Figure A-36
Argument Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333
Figure A-37
Double-Click an Argument Node . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334
Figure A-38
Argument Popup Dialog (Method) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334
Figure A-39
Select Type Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 335
Figure A-40
Element Popup for the address Variable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 336
Figure A-41
concat Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337
Figure A-42
new Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 338
Figure A-43
ref Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 339
Figure A-44
Rule Library (XML View) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 344
Figure A-45
Selecting an Email Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345
Figure A-46
Renaming the New Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 346
Figure A-47
Customizing the User Creation Notification Email Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 346
Figure A-48
Loading the Workflow Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347
Figure A-49
Creating and Naming an Activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 348
Figure A-50
Creating and Modifying Transitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 349
Figure A-51
Creating an Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350
Figure A-52
Creating an Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350
Figure A-53
BPE Debugger: Main Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 354
Figure A-54
BPE Debugger Main Window Source Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 355
Figure A-55
BPE Debugger Main Window Execution Stack Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 355
List of Figures
xi
xii
Figure A-56
BPE Main Window Variables Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 356
Figure A-57
BPE Debugger Main Window Last result Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 356
Figure A-58
BPE Debugger Breakpoints Panel: Global Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 358
Figure A-59
BPE Debugger Breakpoints Panel: View Cycle Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 358
Figure A-60
BPE Debugger Breakpoints Panel: Form Cycle Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359
Figure A-61
Example 1: Debugging Suspended on Before Refresh View Breakpoint . . . . . . . . . . 363
Figure A-62
Example 1: Debugging Suspended on After Refresh View Breakpoint . . . . . . . . . . . 364
Figure A-63
Example 1: Debugging Suspended Before First Expansion Pass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 364
Figure A-64
Example 1: Stepping-into the Start of Tabbed User Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 365
Figure A-65
Example 1: Completed Debugging of Tabbed User Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 366
Figure A-66
Setting the First Breakpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 368
Figure A-67
Debugging Halted at Breakpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 369
Figure A-68
Stepping-into the Execution of the First Virtual Thread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371
Figure A-69
Example 2: Stepping-into the Execution of getFirstName . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 372
Figure A-70
Debugger Transitioning from getFirstName to computeFullName . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 374
Figure A-71
Stepping Into computeFullName Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 374
Figure A-72
Example 2: Completion of Check-in View Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 376
Figure A-73
Stepping Into a Manual Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377
Figure A-74
Stepping Into Manual Action Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377
Figure A-75
Breakpoint Marking Start of Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 378
Figure A-76
Debugger Displaying Manual Action Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 379
Figure A-77
Form Processing Confirmation Phase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 381
Figure A-78
Stepping Into Rule Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 382
Figure A-79
Debugger Displaying Completed Execution of variable.fullName . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383
Figure A-80
Debugger Displaying the Result of Expansion Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
List of Tables
Table 1
Typographic Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xix
Table 2
Symbol Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xix
Table 3
Shell Prompts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xx
Table 1-1
IdM Menu Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Table 1-2
Identity Manager IDE Pop-Up Menu Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Table 1-3
Design View Toolbar Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Table 1-4
Source Editor View Toolbar Buttons (and Shortcuts) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Table 1-5
Expression Builder Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Table 1-6
Identity Differences Tab: Diff Icons and Buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Table 1-7
Editor Diff Icons and Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Table 1-8
Example Debugging Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Table 1-9
Virtual Thread States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Table 1-10
Variables in Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Table 2-1
Predefined Active Sync Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Table 2-2
Default Alphanumeric Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Table 2-3
Auditor Rule Types Quick Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Table 2-4
Default Naming Rules
Table 2-5
Default Regional Constants Rules
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Table 3-1
Active Sync Processes/Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Table 3-2
Interactive Edits Processes/Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Table 3-3
Load Operations Processes/Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
Table 3-4
Reconciliation Rules Processes/Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
Table 3-5
SPML Processes/Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
Table 3-6
X.509 Integration Processes/Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
Table 3-7
Miscellaneous Variable Contexts Processes/Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
Table 4-1
Information Defined by Resource Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
Table 4-2
Active Sync-Enabled Adapter Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
xiii
xiv
Table 4-3
REF Kit Files and Directories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
Table 4-4
Resource Adapter Sample Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
Table 4-5
Search Text Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180
Table 4-6
Adapter Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
Table 4-7
prototypeXML Components
Table 4-8
Resource Methods Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Table 4-9
Information Types that Define Identity Manager Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
Table 4-10
<ResourceAttribute> Element Keywords
Table 4-11
Resource Attributes in Skeleton Adapter Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Table 4-12
Active Sync-Specific Attributes Defined in
ACTIVE_SYNC_STD_RES_ATTRS_XML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Table 4-13
Active Sync-Specific Attributes Defined in
ACTIVE_SYNC_EVENT_RES_ATTRS_XML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Table 4-14
Account IDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Table 4-15
Hierarchical Namespace Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Table 4-16
<AuthnProperty> Element Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
Table 4-17
<AttributeDefinitionRef> Element Fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200
Table 4-18
Supported <ObjectType> Elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202
Table 4-19
Object Feature Mappings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
Table 4-20
Required Attributes for <ObjectAttributes> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206
Table 4-21
<ObjectAttribute> Attributes
Table 4-22
Top-Level Namespace Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207
Table 4-23
Methods Used to Create a Resource Instance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210
Table 4-24
Methods Used to Check Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
Table 4-25
General Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212
Table 4-26
Account Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212
Table 4-27
Group Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214
Table 4-28
Organizational Unit Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214
Table 4-29
Creating Accounts on the Resource . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
Table 4-30
Deleting Accounts on the Resource . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
Table 4-31
Updating Accounts on the Resource . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
Table 4-32
Getting User Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216
Table 4-33
List Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216
Table 4-34
Enable and Disable Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217
Table 4-35
Sample Polling Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221
Table 4-36
List Resource Performance Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228
Table 4-37
Find Resources Performance Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228
Table 7-1
Repository Objects Used to Configure SPML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Table 7-2
Optional Entries in waveset.properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242
Table 7-3
Classes Provided by OpenSPML Toolkit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258
Table 7-4
ExtendedRequest Classes for Sending and Receiving Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259
Table 8-1
SPML Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271
Table 8-2
Core Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274
Table 8-3
Async Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279
Table 8-4
Batch Capability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280
Table 8-5
Bulk Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280
Table 8-6
Password Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280
Table 8-7
Suspend Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282
Table A-1
BPE Keyboard Shortcuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311
Table A-2
Fields on the Repository Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330
Table A-3
Valid Argument Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 335
Table A-4
Element Types Representing XPRESS Function Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 336
Table A-5
Object Access Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 338
Table A-6
Trace Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 340
Table A-7
Example Debugging Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 360
Table A-8
Virtual Thread States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367
List of Tables
xv
xvi
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Preface
This Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager Deployment Tools publication provides
reference and procedural information to help you use different Identity Manager
deployment tools.
Who Should Use This Book
Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager Deployment Tools was designed for deployers
and administrators who will create and update workflows, views, rules, system
configurations and other configuration files necessary to customize Identity
Manager for a customer installation during different phases of product
deployment.
Deployers should have a background in programming and should be comfortable
with XML, Java, Emacs and/or IDEs such as Eclipse or NetBeans.
Administrators do not need a programming background, but should be highly
skilled in one or more resource domains such as LDAP, Active Directory, or SQL.
xvii
How This Book Is Organized
How This Book Is Organized
Identity Manager Deployment Tools is organized into these chapters:
xviii
•
Chapter 1, “Using the Identity Manager IDE” — Introduces the Identity
Manager Integrated Development Environment (Identity Manager IDE), and
provides instructions for installing this application.
•
Chapter 2, “Working with Rules” — Describes functions that typically consist
of XML, or alternatively JavaScript, in an XPRESS wrapper. Rules provide a
mechanism for storing frequently used XPRESS logic or static variables for
easy reuse within forms, workflows, and roles.
•
Chapter 3, “Working with Variable Namespaces” — Provides an overview of
common Identity Manager tasks or processes, how they are typically used, and
the namespace in which they run.
•
Chapter 4, “Developing Adapters” — Describes how to create custom Identity
Manager resource adapters that are tailored to your company or customers.
•
Chapter 5, “Working with Firewalls or Proxy Servers” — Describes how
Identity Manager uses Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) and how to obtain
accurate URL data when firewalls or proxy servers are in place
•
Chapter 6, “Configuring Dictionary Support” — Describes how to configure
and set up dictionary support in Identity Manager.
•
Chapter 7, “Using SPML 1.0 with Identity Manager Web Services” — Provides
details about using the SOAP-based Web service interface provided by the
Identity Manager server. Describes the SPML 1.0 classes used to format request
messages and parse response messages.
•
Chapter 8, “Using SPML 2.0 with Identity Manager Web Services” — Provides
details about using the SOAP-based Web service interface provided by the
Identity Manager server. Describes the SPML 2.0 classes used to format request
messages and parse response messages.
•
Appendix A, “Using the Business Process Editor” — Describes the Identity
Manager Business Process Editor (BPE), and provides instructions for using
this application.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Conventions Used in This Book
Conventions Used in This Book
The tables in this section describe the conventions used in this book including:
•
Typographic Conventions
•
Symbols
•
Shell Prompts
Typographic Conventions
The following table describes the typographic conventions used in this book.
Table 1
Typographic Conventions
Typeface
Meaning
Examples
AaBbCc123
API and language elements, HTML tags,
Web site URLs, command names, file
names, directory path names, on-screen
computer output, sample code.
Edit your.login file.
Use ls -a to list all files.
(Monospace bold)
What you type, when contrasted with
onscreen computer output.
% su
Password:
AaBbCc123
(Italic)
Book titles, new terms, words to be
emphasized.
These are called class options.
(Monospace)
AaBbCc123
% You have mail.
Read Chapter 6 in the User’s
A placeholder in a command or path name
to be replaced with a real name or value.
Guide.
Do not save the file.
The file is located in the install-dir/bin directory.
Symbols
The following table describes the symbol conventions used in this book.
Table 2
Symbol Conventions
Symbol
Description
Example
Meaning
[ ]
Contains optional command
options.
ls [-l]
The -l option is not
required.
-
Joins simultaneous multiple
keystrokes.
Control-A
Press the Control key while
you press the A key.
Preface
xix
Conventions Used in This Book
Table 2
Symbol Conventions(Continued)
Symbol
Description
Example
Meaning
+
Joins consecutive multiple
keystrokes.
Ctrl+A+N
Press the Control key,
release it, and then press
the subsequent keys.
>
Indicates menu item
selection in a graphical user
interface.
File > New > Templates
From the File menu, choose
New. From the New
submenu, choose
Templates.
Shell Prompts
The following table describes the shell prompts used in this book.
Table 3
xx
Shell Prompts
Shell
Prompt
C shell on UNIX or Linux
machine-name%
C shell superuser on UNIX or Linux
machine-name#
Bourne shell and Korn shell on UNIX or Linux
$
Bourne shell and Korn shell superuser on UNIX or Linux
#
Windows command line
C:\
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Related Documentation and Help
Related Documentation and Help
Sun Microsystems provides additional documentation and information to help you
install, use, and configure Identity Manager:
•
Identity Manager Installation: Step-by-step instructions and reference
information to help you install and configure Identity Manager and associated
software.
•
Identity Manager Upgrade: Step-by-step instructions and reference information
to help you upgrade and configure Identity Manager and associated software.
•
Identity Manager Administration: Procedures, tutorials, and examples that
describe how to use Identity Manager to provide secure user access to your
enterprise information systems.
•
Identity Manager Technical Deployment Overview: Conceptual overview of the
Identity Manager product (including object architectures) with an introduction
to basic product components.
•
Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views: Reference and procedural
information that describes how to use the Identity Manager workflows, forms,
and views — including information about the tools you need to customize
these objects.
•
Identity Manager Resources Reference: Reference and procedural information that
describes how to load and synchronize account information from a resource
into Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager.
•
Identity Manager Tuning, Troubleshooting, and Error Messages: Reference and
procedural information that provides guidance for tuning Sun Javaв„ў System
Identity Manager, provide instructions for tracing and troubleshooting
problems, and describe the error messages and exceptions you might
encounter as you work with the product.
•
Identity Manager Service Provider Edition Deployment: Reference and procedural
information that describes how to plan and implement Sun Javaв„ў System
Identity Manager Service Provider Edition.
•
Identity Manager Help: Online guidance and information that offer complete
procedural, reference, and terminology information about Identity Manager.
You can access help by clicking the Help link from the Identity Manager menu
bar. Guidance (field-specific information) is available on key fields.
Preface
xxi
Accessing Sun Resources Online
Accessing Sun Resources Online
For product downloads, professional services, patches and support, and additional
developer information, go to the following:
•
Download Center
http://wwws.sun.com/software/download/
•
Professional Services
http://www.sun.com/service/sunps/sunone/index.html
•
Sun Enterprise Services, Solaris Patches, and Support
http://sunsolve.sun.com/
•
Developer Information
http://developers.sun.com/prodtech/index.html
Contacting Sun Technical Support
If you have technical questions about this product that are not answered in the
product documentation, contact customer support using one of the following
mechanisms:
•
The online support Web site at http://www.sun.com/service/online/us
•
The telephone dispatch number associated with your maintenance contract
Related Third-Party Web Site References
Sun is not responsible for the availability of third-party Web sites mentioned in this
document. Sun does not endorse and is not responsible or liable for any content,
advertising, products, or other materials that are available on or through such sites
or resources. Sun will not be responsible or liable for any actual or alleged damage
or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with use of or reliance on
any such content, goods, or services that are available on or through such sites or
resources.
xxii
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Sun Welcomes Your Comments
Sun Welcomes Your Comments
Sun is interested in improving its documentation and welcomes your comments
and suggestions.
To share your comments, go to http://docs.sun.com and click Send Comments. In
the online form, provide the document title and part number. The part number is a
seven-digit or nine-digit number that can be found on the title page of the book or
at the top of the document.
For example, the title of this book is Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager Deployment
Tools, and the part number is 820-0820-10.
Preface
xxiii
Sun Welcomes Your Comments
xxiv
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
The Identity Manager Integrated Development Environment (Identity Manager
IDE) is Java application that enables you to view, customize, and debug Sun Javaв„ў
System Identity Manager (Identity Manager) objects in your deployment.
This chapter provides instructions for using the Identity Manager IDE.
The information in this chapter is organized as follows:
•
Overview
•
Installing the Identity Manager IDE
•
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
•
Working with Identity Manager IDE Projects
•
Managing the Embedded Repository
•
Working with Repository Objects
•
Working with XML
•
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
•
Uninstalling Identity Manager IDE from NetBeans
•
Troubleshooting Identity Manager IDE
1
Overview
Overview
The Identity Manager IDE provides a graphical and XML-based view of objects in
your environment, and you can use this application to perform the following tasks:
•
Create projects that are associated with specific repositories
•
View, create, and edit configuration objects, email templates, forms, generic
objects, libraries, rules, workflow processes, and workflow subprocesses
•
Download objects from and upload objects to the repository
•
Debug forms, rules, and workflows
The rest of this section provides a general, high-level overview of the Identity
Manager IDE.
Major Features
Major features provided by the Identity Manager IDE include:
•
Integrated Explorer window that allows project, directory-based, or run-time
views of a project
•
Identity Manager IDE projects are integrated with a Configuration Build
Environment (CBE)
•
Action menus for document modification
•
Custom editors, including:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
2
Object property sheets and graphical value editors for enumerating XML
object properties and editing basic object types, XPRESS, and XML objects
without typing XML
Drag and drop palette for adding approvals, workflow services, workflow
tasks, users, and so forth to XML source without typing XML
Registered waveset.dtd definition file that enables syntax highlighting
and auto-completion for XML elements and attributes
•
Integrated debugger for forms, rules, and workflows
•
Rule tester for verifying standalone and library rules
•
Form tester for testing forms in an external browser
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Installing the Identity Manager IDE
•
Checkout View feature allows you to check out, modify, and check in Identity
Manager views (such as a user view).
•
CVS integration
How Identity Manager IDE Compares to BPE
The Identity Manager IDE is a fully integrated NetBeans plugin that was designed
to replace Identity Manager’s Business Process Editor (BPE) application. When
compared with the BPE, Identity Manager IDE offers the following advantages:
•
Provides closer alignment with deployment best practices, including:
вќЌ
Modifying objects outside of the repository
вќЌ
Using common deployment tools such as Ant and CVS
•
Provides platform support for editors, palette, debugger, and navigation
•
Reduces open-endedness by providing code completion for XML elements and
attributes
•
Provides contextual information, with integrated tools to facilitate editing
NOTE
The BPE is still supported for backward compatibility.
For information about using the BPE, see Appendix A, “Using the
Business Process Editor.”
Installing the Identity Manager IDE
This section provides instructions for installing and configuring the Identity
Manager IDE application.
NOTE
Identity Manager projects were changed significantly in the
version 7.1 release and the version 7.1 .nbm requires JDK 1.5 and
NetBeans 5.5. Consequently, you must upgrade any projects
created with the version 7.0 .nbm. See “Upgrading Version 7.0
Projects” on page 4 for instructions.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
3
Installing the Identity Manager IDE
Before You Begin
To run the Identity Manager IDE, you must have
•
NetBeans 5.5 running under JDK 1.5 installed on your local system. You can
download NetBeans 5.5 from the following location:
http://www.netbeans.org/
•
Configurator-level access to Identity Manager.
NOTE
The default Identity Manager project provides a mail.jar, an
activation.jar, and a jms.jar in the custom/WEB-INF/lib
directory. These jar files are required by the bundled Tomcat
(which is shipped with NetBeans by default).
If you are going to use a different target application server, you
might need to remove these jar files. Refer to the application
server product documentation for specific information about its
jar requirements.
Upgrading Version 7.0 Projects
To upgrade from the 7.0 .nbm to the 7.1 .nbm, you must perform the following steps:
1.
Upgrade your JDK installation to JDK 1.5.
2.
Upgrade you current NetBeans installation to NetBeans 5.5.
3.
Install the Identity Manager 7.1 .nbm in your NetBeans 5.5 installation.
4.
Create a new Identity Manager project.
You can now create a regular project or a remote project depending on your
needs. See “What is a Project?” on page 26 for more information about these
project types.
5.
4
Copy the contents of your old project's objects directory to the src/objects
directory of your new project.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Installing the Identity Manager IDE
Installing the Module
Identity Manager IDE is packaged as a module plug-in that you must register with
NetBeans. To install and register the module, perform the following steps:
1.
Start NetBeans 5.5.
2.
From the NetBeans menu bar, select Tools > Update Center.
3.
When the Update Center Wizard displays (Figure 1-1), select Install Manually
Downloaded Modules, and then click Next.
Figure 1-1
4.
Selecting the Module Location
In the Select Modules to Install panel (Figure 1-2), click Add to locate and select
the Identity Manager IDE NetBeans plug-in file (com-sun-idm-ide.nbm), which
file is provided in Identity Manager’s image directory.
Figure 1-2
Specifying the Module to Install
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
5
Installing the Identity Manager IDE
5.
Click Next and the Select Modules to Install panel displays. Click Next again to
download the module.
6.
When the Identity Manager IDE License Agreement displays, click Accept.
7.
The Download Modules panel displays to show you the status of the
module(s) being downloaded. Click Next.
8.
The View Certificates and Install Modules panel displays (Figure 1-3),
containing a list of the module(s) you downloaded. Enable the check box
beside the module name.
Figure 1-3
9.
Select the Module to View Its Certificate
A pop-up displays, asking if you really want to install an unsigned module.
вќЌ
Click Yes to continue installing the module.
вќЌ
Click No if you do not want to continue the installation.
10. Click Finish.
NetBeans installs the Identity Manager IDE module.
You can now
6
•
Create Identity Manager projects within NetBeans
•
Download objects from the Identity Manager installation
•
Create new XML object files to upload
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
The Identity Manager IDE interface (shown in Figure 1-4) consists of an IdM menu
(located on the NetBeans' top-level menu bar) and the following windows:
Figure 1-4
NOTE
Identity Manager IDE User Interface
•
Not all of these windows display when you first open the
Identity Manager IDE, but they will open automatically (or can
be opened) as you use different features in the application.
•
You will encounter features (such as menu options) that are part
of the NetBeans user interface. These features are not discussed
in this publication. Consult the NetBeans online help or product
documentation for information about these features.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
7
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
This section introduces the IdM menu and each of the Identity Manager IDE
windows. The information is organized as follows:
•
IdM Menu
•
Explorer Window
•
Editor Window
•
Palette Window
•
Properties Window
•
Output Window
•
Debugger Windows
IdM Menu
The IdM menu becomes available from NetBeans' top-level menu bar after you
have installed and configured the Identity Manager IDE application.
You can use the IdM menu to select actions that are appropriate to whatever nodes
are currently selected in the NetBeans Explorer. For example,
•
If you select a folder, you can upload or download objects.
•
If you select an Identity Manager XML file, you can upload or reload objects.
Table 1-1 describes all of the IdM menu options.
TIP
8
•
Most IdM menu options are also available on a pop-up menu
that displays when you right-click objects in the Project tree.
•
Additional information about using these IdM options is
provided in the “Managing the Embedded Repository,”
“Working with Repository Objects,” and “Working with the
Identity Manager IDE Debugger” sections.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
Table 1-1
IdM Menu Options
Select
To Perform the Following Action
Repository > Explore
Open the Explore Repository window so you can browse the contents of the
Identity Manager IDE repository. You can select one or more objects and then
Repository > Open Object
•
Click the Download button to download the objects to your local file system.
•
Click the Delete button to remove selected objects from the Repository.
Open an object in the Editor window.
Note: You can only open objects on your local file system. If you try to open an
object that has not been downloaded from the repository yet, Identity Manager IDE
automatically downloads the object to your local file system, and then opens it in
the Editor.
Repository > Checkout View
Check out a particular view (such as a user view) from the repository for editing.
Repository > Upload Objects
Upload objects from your local file system to the repository. See page 48 for more
information.
Repository > Diff Objects
Compare all objects in a directory on your local file system with their counterparts in
the repository.
Identity Manager IDE diffs all of the objects in the directory recursively down
through the file system and then provides a side-by-side comparison of the Local
and Remote XML code with syntax highlighting and line numbers.
Repository > Manage
Embedded Repository
Open the Manage Embedded Repository dialog so you can modify the following
repository settings for the current project:
Note: This menu option is not
available for Identity Manager
Project (Remote) or if you
specify your own repository.
•
Repository Location: Specify a different repository location.
•
Initialize Repository: If enabled, Identity Manager IDE removes existing data
files and imports the init.xml file from the idm.war. Do not enable this option if
you simply want to change the location of your repository to one that is already
initialized.
•
Automatically Publish Identity Manager Objects: If enabled, Identity
Manager IDE automatically uploads all Identity Manager objects in the project
to the repository every time you run or debug the project.
Repository > Reload Object
Replace (overwrite) an object in the current project with a new version of that object
from the repository.
Run LH command
Execute lh commands (such as lh console or lh setup) from within the Identity
Manager IDE.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
9
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
Table 1-1
IdM Menu Options (Continued)
Select
To Perform the Following Action
Set Identity Manager Instance
Open the Set Identity Manager Instance dialog, where you can control for which
Identity Manager instance the following actions apply in the context of a given
project:
Debug Project
Repository > Explore
Repository > Open Project
Checkout View
Upload Object(s)
Diff Object(s)
Reload Object
Test Form
Test Rule
For more detailed information, see “Setting the Identity Manager Instance” on
page 36.
Clear Credentials Cache
Cause Identity Manager IDE to forget passwords it remembered when users
enabled the Remember Password option.
Options
•
Remove all auto-generated repository IDs that conform to a specified
expression — without removing any hard-coded, predefined IDs — before
Identity Manager IDE downloads objects from the repository.
This feature is useful if you want to move objects from one repository to
another.
•
Specify Diff Options by enabling or disabling the Exclude lastModDate, Exclude
Ids, or Apply pattern substitution options. See “Using the Diff Options” on
page 58 for more information about diffing objects.
Test Form
Test forms in a browser.
Test Rule
Verify modifications made to standalone and library rules.
Explorer Window
The Explorer window, located in the upper right corner of the Identity Manager
IDE provides three windows:
10
•
Projects Window
•
Files Window
•
Runtime Window
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
Projects Window
The Projects window displays in the Explorer by default when you open the
Identity Manager IDE, and it provides a vertical, logical view of all open projects.
Expand the project node for a hierarchical view of the XML objects in the project,
which includes:
•
Configuration Objects
•
Email Templates
•
Forms
•
Generic Objects
•
Libraries
•
Rules
•
Workflow Processes
•
Workflow Subprocesses
Most elements that make up an XML object are also represented by nodes in the
project tree.
NOTE
By default, the object nodes are presented in the same order within
the Project tree as they occur in the XML object. However, you can
change their order in the tree (and in the XML object) using the
Change Order, Insert Before, Insert After, Move Up, or Move Down
pop-up menu options. See Table 1-2 for a description of these
options.
Chapter 1
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11
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
Figure 1-5 shows various top-level XML files and some variable, library, rule, and
argument nodes.
Figure 1-5
Projects Window
When you right-click on any node in this window, a pop-up menu displays with
options that enable you to perform different tasks related to that node.
NOTE
12
Some of the menu options are provided by the NetBeans
application, and are not discussed in this publication.
Consult the NetBeans online help or product documentation for
information about these options.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
Table 1-2 provides an overview of the pop-up menu options that pertain to Identity
Manager IDE.
Table 1-2
Identity Manager IDE Pop-Up Menu Options
Node
Menu Options
Description
Project >
Debug Project
Select to debug the project.
Close Project
Select to close the project.
Repository >
Select to explore the repository; open, upload, or diff objects; check out views; or
manage the embedded repository.
Add
Select to create a new object for this project.
CVS
Select to manage CVS versioned-controlled files from within
Identity Manager IDE.
Repository
Select to download objects from the repository to your local file system, upload
objects from your local file system to the repository, and to checkout a view.
Find
Select to search your project for text, object names, object types, and dates. You
can search all projects in the Project window, or select and search a specific
location.
Cut, Copy, Paste
Select these options to cut and paste, or copy and paste, objects.
Delete
Select to delete selected objects from the project.
Refactor
Select to modify the object’s code structure and update the rest of your code to
reflect the modifications.
Tools
Select to create JUnit tests, add to Favorites, manage Internationalization, or to
apply a Diff patch.
Properties
Select to view and edit the selected object’s properties (such as TaskDefinition
Properties, Configuration Properties, and Repository Properties).
Add element
Select to add actions, arguments, activities, forms, object references, processes,
properties, results, returns, rules, transitions, or variables to the object.
Object Node >
Note: The object node type determines which elements can be added.
For example, you can add arguments, forms, results, returns, and variables to an
Action object.
Change Order
Select to change the order of multiple objects at once.
A Change Order dialog displays so you can move multiple objects up or down to
change their position in the Project tree and in the XML object.
Insert Before
Select to move a selected object node above a specified object node in the
Projects tree.
Insert After
Select to move a selected object node below specified object node in the
Projects tree.
Move Up
Select to move a selected object node up the Projects tree.
Move Down
Select to move a selected object node down the Projects tree.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
13
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
Files Window
Select the Files window and expand the nodes for a directory-based view of your
projects, including files and folders that do not display in the Projects Window.
You can open and edit your project configuration files, such as the project’s build
script and the properties files.
When you create a new project, Identity Manager IDE automatically
creates a README.txt file.
NOTE
To see a detailed overview of your project’s file system (or if you
want to modify the project structure to work with a different
Configuration Build Environment (CBE)), double-click README.txt
in the Files window and the information displays in the Editor
window.
Runtime Window
Select the Runtime window for read-only access to the Identity Manager catalog
(waveset.dtd) under the DTD and XML schema catalogs.
Editor Window
The Editor window provides a toolbar and a display area that enable you to work
with objects in Design view or Source Editor view.
•
Design view: Use this view to work with
вќЌ
вќЌ
An Expression Builder to work with Rule objects. (See “Design View For
Rules” on page 15 for additional information.)
A graphical representation of Workflow Process and Workflow
Subprocess objects. (See “Design View For Workflows” on page 16 for
additional information.)
NOTE
14
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
When you are working with rules and workflows, Design view
is the default view.
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
•
Source Editor view: Use this view to work with the object’s XML source.
(See “Source Editor View” on page 17 for additional information.)
The remaining buttons on the toolbar change, depending which view is selected.
NOTE
You can drag items from the Palette window into the Editor
window. For example:
•
You can drag new Workflow services, approvals, users and
Workflow tasks into the Editor for workflows.
•
You can drag new fields into the Editor for forms.
Dragging items into Design view, updates the XML source and the
node tree in both the Projects and Files views. (See “Palette
Window” on page 20 for more information.)
Design View For Rules
This section describes the Design view editors for rules and workflows.
The Design view editor for rules provides an Expression Builder (Figure 1-6) that
makes it easier for you to see the logical structure of a rule and to modify the rule’s
properties.
Figure 1-6
Example Design View for Rules
To open a rule in Design view, double-click the rule in the Projects window or
select the rule node, and then click the Design button.
Instructions for using the Expression Builder are provided in “Using the
Expression Builder Dialog” on page 53.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
15
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
Design View For Workflows
The Design view editor for workflows provides a graphical diagram of a workflow
(Figure 1-7), where each node represents a specific process activity and the lines
represent transitions.
Figure 1-7
Example Workflow Design View
To work with the Design view for workflows, double-click a workflow in the
Projects window or select the workflow node and then click the Design button.
In Design view, you can use the toolbar to perform the following tasks:
Table 1-3
Design View Toolbar Buttons
Click this Button
To Perform this Task
Add Activity:
Click to add activities to the Workflow.
Remove Activity:
Click to remove one or more Activities from the workflow.
(To delete multiple activities, press the Ctrl key while selecting nodes.)
Layout:
Click to layout the workflow. Resets and organizes activities if they are
arranged in a chaotic fashion.
Validate XML:
Click to validate the workflow. The validation information displays in
the Output window, and typically contains hyperlinks that take you to a
line in the Source Editor View so you can view or fix the XML.
In addition to these buttons, you can use the Workflow Selector menu (also
provided on this toolbar) to select and work on a workflow or workflow
subprocess in Design view.
When you edit a workflow in Design view, the Palette window displays items
loaded from the workflow library. You can drag these items from the Palette and
drop them into Design view to create an activity node in the diagram (which also
updates the XML source and the node tree in the Project and Files views). See
“Palette Window” on page 20 for more information.
16
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
Source Editor View
The Source Editor is a full-featured text editor that displays a selected object’s
unfiltered XML. In addition, the Source Editor is integrated with the Explorer
Projects window and the Debugger.
You can open the Source Editor view by:
•
Double-clicking an editable object in Projects window
•
Creating a new, editable object from the available Identity Manager IDE
templates (which opens the Source Editor automatically)
•
Clicking the Source button at the top of the Editor window (only available for
Rules and Workflows)
Figure 1-8
Example Source Editor View
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
17
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
Table 1-4 describes the toolbar buttons (from left to right) provided for the Source
Editor view. The table also provides keyboard shortcuts for these tasks.
Table 1-4
Source Editor View Toolbar Buttons (and Shortcuts)
Use this Button
To Perform this Task
Back (Alt+K) and Forward (Alt+L): Click these buttons to move back to the last edit, or
forward to the next edit, you made in the Source Editor window.
Use these buttons to move the cursor’s insertion point as follows:
•
Find Previous Occurrence (Shift+F3): Click this button to locate and move the insertion
point to text that you previously searched for.
•
Find Selection (Ctrl+F3): Click this button to locate the item where your cursor is
currently inserted.
•
Find Next Occurrence (F3): Click this button to locate and move the insertion point to the
next occurrence of text that you are searching for.
Use these buttons to toggle the features on or off as follows:
•
Toggle Highlight Search (Alt+Shift+H): Click this button to turn highlighting search text
on and off.
•
Toggle Bookmark (Ctrl+F2): Highlight a line and then click this button to insert a
bookmark on, or remove a bookmark from, the current line.
Next Bookmark (F2) and Previous Bookmark (Shift+F2): Click these buttons to locate the
next bookmark or previous bookmark in the XML source.
Next Matching Word (Ctrl+L) and Previous Matching Word (Ctrl+K): Select a word in the
XML source, and then click these buttons to locate the next or previous occurrence of that
word.
Shift Line Left (Ctrl+D) and Shift Line Right (Ctrl+T): Click these buttons to reduce or
increase the indentation of a selected line by one tab stop.
Start Macro Recording (Ctrl+J S) and Stop Macro Recording (Ctrl+J E): Click these
buttons to start or stop recording a macro containing keystrokes and cursor movements.
Use these buttons to check or validate your XML source as follows:
18
•
Check XML (Alt+F9): Click this button to check whether you object’s XML is correct and
well-formed. The Output window identifies errors in your XML source, and typically
provides a hyperlink to the line in the Source Editor so you can correct the problem.
•
Validate XML (Alt+Shift+F9): Click this button to validate the object’s XML against the
dtd. Validation information displays in the Output window, and typically contains
hyperlinks to the line in the Source Editor View so you can view or fix the XML.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
Setting Breakpoints
You can set breakpoints (distinct stopping points in process execution) in the
Source Editor by clicking in the left margin immediately adjacent to an XML tag.
For example, if you click in the margin next to the <WFProcess...> tag, you can set
a breakpoint at the start of the workflow.
Figure 1-9 shows an example breakpoint.
Figure 1-9
Example Breakpoint
Dragging from the Palette
When you select objects for editing, the Palette window (see page 20) automatically
displays (typically in the upper right side of the Identity Manager IDE) with items
from the workflow library and XPRESS categories. You can drag items from the
Palette and drop them into a line in the Source Editor to create XML text at that
point in the XML source.
Inserting Invokes
When you right-click in an open XML file in the Source Editor, a pop-up menu
displays that provides the following Insert options:
•
Insert Instance Invoke: Calls an instance method on a Java object that is
provided in the first argument. If the invoke does not have a classname
attribute defined then it is a instance invoke type.
•
Insert Static Invoke: Calls a static Java method. If the invoke has a classname
attribute defined then it is a static invoke type.
Selecting either option opens a Insert Invoke dialog where you specify
•
Instance Reference (for Instance Invokes only)
•
Class Name
•
Method Name (Your class selection determines which methods are available.)
TIP
Clicking the drop-down arrows on the Class Name and Method
Name menus opens JavaDoc for the classes or methods,
respectively. As you run the cursor over names in the list, the
related JavaDoc displays in a pop-up alongside the dialog.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
19
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
Figure 1-10 shows an example Insert Invoke dialog with the JavaDoc display.
Figure 1-10
Example Insert Instance Invoke Dialog with JavaDoc
When you click OK, and Identity Manager IDE automatically generates the XML
text at that point in the XML source.
NOTE
When working with Workflow processes or subprocesses, you can
add Action expressions to perform simple calculations or call out to
Java classes or JavaScript to perform complex operations.
Palette Window
The Palette window (such as Figure 1-11) enables you to “drag-and-drop”
elements into Email Template, Form, Library, Workflow Process, or Workflow
Subprocess objects displayed in the Editor windows — without having to
type XML.
Figure 1-11
20
Example Palette Window for Delete User Object
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
For example, you can drag fields into Form objects, rules into Library objects, or
workflow services, approvals, users, and workflow tasks into Workflow Process
and Workflow Subprocess objects.
When you double-click objects in the Project tree, the Palette window displays
(typically in the upper right side of the Identity Manager IDE) and provides access
to different elements — depending on the editing view, as follows:
•
Design view provides a graphical representation of items loaded from the
workflow library. Dragging items from the Palette into Design view creates an
activity node in the diagram.
•
Source Editor view displays the XML source of items loaded from the
workflow library and XPRESS categories. Dragging items from the Palette into
the Source Editor creates XML text wherever you drop the item in the XML
source.
Dragging items into either Editor window updates both the XML source and the
node tree in the Projects and Files views.
NOTE
After adding elements to an object, you can change the order of
those elements in the Project tree and in the XML object using a
variety of pop-up menu options. See Table 1-2 for a description of
the Change Order, Insert Before, Insert After, Move Up, and Move
Down options.
Properties Window
The Identity Manager IDE Properties window consists of a properties sheet for
XML elements associated with Email Template, Form, Library, Rule, Workflow
Process, and Workflow Subprocess objects. You can use this properties sheet to
view and edit a selected object’s properties; including the object name, file sizes,
modification times, result information, and so forth.
Use one of the following methods to open the Properties window:
•
Select Window > Properties from the main menu bar
•
Right-click a node in the Projects window and select Properties from the menu.
When the Properties window is open, you can double-click an object node to
update the contents of the window.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
21
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
Figure 1-12
Example Properties Window
NOTE
Instructions for using properties sheets to modify an object’s XML
elements are provided in “Editing Objects” on page 50.
TIP
As an alternative to the using Properties window, right-click object
nodes in the tree and select Properties from the pop-up menu. A
Properties dialog displays with the same object property sheet you
would see in the Properties window.
Output Window
The Output window displays messages from the Identity Manager IDE when it
finds errors during debugging. These messages usually include hyperlinks to the
lines in your source code that caused the errors.
The Output window opens automatically when you run the Debugger, or you can
open this window by selecting Window > Output from the main menu bar.
Figure 1-13
22
Example Output Window
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
Debugger Windows
The Identity Manager IDE Debugger is similar to both the Java Debugger and the
Debugger provided with the BPE — you can set line, global, view, or form cycle
breakpoints in the code, start the Debugger, and have the code stop in the XML.
In addition, the Identity Manager IDE Debugger is integrated with a rule tester and
form tester, and it enables you to add a watch to show the value of a particular
variable. (These features are discussed later in this chapter.)
The Debugger provides the following windows to help you troubleshoot your
XML source:
•
Breakpoints Window
•
Call Stack Window
•
Local Variables Window
•
Watches Window
Breakpoints Window
Breakpoints window lists all of the breakpoints you have set for the current project,
including a short description of the breakpoint and a boolean flag that indicates
whether the breakpoint is currently enabled or disabled.
Select Window > Debugging > Breakpoints from the main menu bar to open the
Breakpoints window.
Figure 1-14
Example Breakpoints Window
You can enable or disable a breakpoint by changing its Enabled property in the
Breakpoints window.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
23
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
Call Stack Window
The Identity Manager IDE automatically launches the Call Stack window when
you run the Debugger.
When the Debugger reaches a breakpoint, the execution stack (a series of calls that
the thread performed to get to the breakpoint) displays in the Call Stack window.
In XPRESS, these calls are XPRESS operations such as BLOCK or CASE.
If additional functions appear in the call chain, these functions are listed in order.
This list is called a stack trace, and it displays the structure of the execution stack at
this point in the program's life.
NOTE
If you close the Call Stack window (or it is unavailable for another
reason) you can re-open the window by selecting Window >
Debugging> Call Stack from the main menu bar.
Local Variables Window
The Local Variables window lists all variables that are in scope at the current point
of execution when the Debugger stops at a breakpoint. Variables represent values
of the following types:
•
Simple (such as strings)
•
Complex, which contain other values (such as lists and maps)
You can expand complex types to show their contained elements.
The Local Variables window remains blank when debugging is inactive or when
execution is not stopped at a breakpoint.
If the current element is an XPRESS end tag, the result of the last evaluation
displays in the Local Variables window when you stop the Debugger. This
evaluation value also applies to other tags for which last value makes sense. For
example, as Identity Manager evaluates <Argument> tags to workflow
subprocesses, the argument value shows in the Local Variables window.
NOTE
24
•
The Local Variables window does not display variables while
XPRESS execution is in progress.
•
The Last Value entry remains blank when debugging is inactive.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Interface
Watches Window
The Debugger allows you to use watches, which enable you to track changes made
to variable or expression values when you run the Debugger. A watch can be any
valid XPRESS expression.
When you specify a watch, the Watches window lists all of the variables,
expressions, types, and values that are being watched when you debug the project.
This list may also contain hyperlinks to take you to the object type in the XML
source.
The Identity Manager IDE automatically launches the Watches window when you
run the Debugger (or you can select Window > Debugging > Watches from the
main menu bar).
Using Keyboard Shortcuts
Through NetBeans, Identity Manager IDE enables you to use different keyboard
combinations to run commands and navigate in the Identity Manager IDE,
including:
•
Menu shortcuts help you navigate, activate, and select menu options from the
menu bar.
•
Source Editor shortcuts help you execute commands and actions in the Editor.
Some of these shortcuts are common to all file types, while others are only
available when editing certain file types.
•
Window shortcuts help you navigate, activate, and select operations in the
Identity Manager IDE windows.
•
Help shortcuts help you navigate the Identity Manager IDE Online Help
System.
For a detailed description of available keyboard shortcuts and instructions for
using them, refer to the online help.
NOTE
To assign shortcuts, select Tools > Options, and when the Options
dialog displays, select Keymap.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
25
Working with Identity Manager IDE Projects
Working with Identity Manager IDE Projects
To use Identity Manager IDE effectively, you must also understand some basic
concepts about the Identity Manager IDE project. This section provides the
following information:
•
What is a Project?
•
Creating a Project
•
Choosing an Existing Project
•
Setting the Identity Manager Instance
What is a Project?
A project is a collection of source files (JSPs, Java, and Identity Manager objects),
build scripts, and so forth that control all of the customizations for a deployment.
Projects are tied to a specific repository. You can associate more than one project
with a repository, but only one repository per project.
NOTE
Identity Manager IDE projects allow you to interact directly with
CVS. Refer to your NetBeans documentation for information.
You can create one of the following project types for Identity Manager IDE:
•
Identity Manager Project: Fully featured project provided as the primary
development environment for deployers. Highlights include:
вќЌ
Full build environment
вќЌ
Ability to manage custom Java code and JSPs
вќЌ
•
26
Integrated with NetBeans embedded application server to allow local
deployment of the Identity Manager war file
вќЌ
Integrated Java, JSP, workflow, form, and XPRESS debugging
вќЌ
Embedded database repository
Identity Manager Project (Remote): Less-featured project for making small
modifications and debugging on an external server. This project has all the
editing functionality of the full-blown Identity Manager project, but lacks the
build environment and ability to launch the war.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with Identity Manager IDE Projects
Creating a Project
To create a new project, use the following steps:
1.
Select File > New Project.
2.
When the New Project wizard displays (Figure 1-15), select Web from the
Categories list to indicate what type of project you are creating.
Figure 1-15
3.
New Project Wizard: Specify a Category
Select one of the following sample Identity Manager projects from the
Projects list:
вќЌ
Identity Manager Project: Select this project for a fully featured
development environment, which includes:
•
A sample Configuration Build Environment (CBE)
•
The ability to manage custom Java code and JSPs
•
Integration with the NetBeans embedded application server, which
allows you to deploy the Identity Manager war locally
•
Integrated Java, JSP, workflow, form, and XPRESS debugging
•
An embedded database repository
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
27
Working with Identity Manager IDE Projects
вќЌ
Identity Manager Project (Remote): Select this project to make small
modifications and to perform debugging on an external server.
This project type has all of the editing functions as the full Identity
Manager project, but it does not provide the build environment or give
you the ability to launch the Identity Manager.war file (idm.war).
4.
When you are finished, click Next.
вќЌ
вќЌ
If you selected the full project, continue to the section titled, “Creating the
Identity Manager Project.”
If you selected the Remote project, continue to the section titled, “Creating
the Identity Manager Project (Remote).”
The Identity Manager IDE now works with different versions of the server.
Each Identity Manager IDE project is tied to a specific Identity Manager version,
and the Identity Manager IDE requires a compatibility bundle (a zip file that
provides Identity Manager jar files and some XML registries containing
version-specific information for each supported Identity Manager version.
•
For Identity Manager Projects: The compatibility bundle is included in the
idm.war file, and Identity Manager IDE automatically accesses this file during
project setup.
•
For Identity Manager Projects (Remote): Because you do not specify a war file
location for remote projects, you must provide the compatibility bundle’s
location, which is:
<Identity Manager install root>/sample/ide-bundle.zip
NOTE
Currently, you cannot manage multiple Identity Manager versions
from the same project. If you want to perform simple debugging or
make simple adjustments to a server for a different version, create a
separate remote project (as described on page 33) for that server.
You also cannot use the Identity Manager IDE to upgrade your
existing projects to a newer version. You must perform this task
manually, as follows:
28
1.
Shutdown NetBeans.
2.
Manually upgrade all of your objects, custom JSPs, and the
contents of your project's idm-staging directory.
3.
Replace the existing nbproject/ide-bundle.zip with that from
the version to which you are upgrading.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with Identity Manager IDE Projects
Creating the Identity Manager Project
To finish creating the full project, perform the following steps:
1.
The Name and Location panel displays with a default project name, location,
and folder in which to store the Identity Manager project.
вќЌ
вќЌ
If the default location is satisfactory, click Next.
If you want to specify a different location, replace the default information
and then click Next.
Figure 1-16
2.
New Project Wizard: Specifying Where to Store the Project
When the Identity Manager WAR File Location screen displays, specify the
path to the Identity Manager idm.war file, and then click Next.
Figure 1-17
New Project Wizard: Specifying the WAR File Location
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
29
Working with Identity Manager IDE Projects
3.
When the Repository Setup screen displays, (Figure 1-18) select one of the
following options for configuring a repository:
вќЌ
If you want Identity Manager IDE to create an embedded repository,
enable the Create Embedded Repository option, and continue with Step 4.
NOTE
When you select Create Embedded Repository, Identity
Manager IDE creates an embedded repository for the
default sandbox CBE target.
If you specify additional targets, you must also select
Manage Embedded Repository or you must run the
lh setup or setRepo commands for the additional targets.
вќЌ
If you want to reuse an existing repository from another project, enable the
Skip Repository Setup option, and continue with the instructions provided
in “Configuring a Repository Manually” on page 32.
Figure 1-18
4.
30
New Project Wizard: Repository Setup
Specify a directory for the embedded repository data files.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with Identity Manager IDE Projects
5.
Enable Initialize Repository to remove existing data files and import the
init.xml file from the idm.war.
Be sure to disable this option if you want to reuse a repository
from another project.
NOTE
6.
Enable Automatically Publish Identity Manager Objects to automatically
publish all Identity Manager objects in the project to the repository every time
you Run or Debug the project.
This option is not available for Identity Manager Project
(Remote) or if you specify your own repository.
NOTE
7.
Click Finish.
A Creating Project dialog displays while Identity Manager IDE sets up the
repository. This process will take some time as Identity Manager IDE removes
data files and imports the init.xml file.
The setup is complete when the dialog closes and you see a BUILD SUCCESSFUL
message display in the Identity Manager IDE Output window.
You can select the Files tab in the Explorer window and expand the top-level node
to view the files associated with your new project.
NOTE
When you create a new project, Identity Manager IDE automatically
creates a README.txt file.
To see a detailed overview of your project’s file system (or if you
want to modify the project structure to work with a different CBE),
double-click README.txt in the Files window and the information
displays in the Editor window.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
31
Working with Identity Manager IDE Projects
Configuring a Repository Manually
You can configure your project to use any of the repository types supported by
Identity Manager.
NOTE
Manually configuring a repository impacts the repository for the
currently selected CBE target. For more information, see “Setting the
Identity Manager Instance” on page 36.
Because configuration instructions vary for each repository type — the following
example is provided to illustrate the process:
To configure a MySQL repository, perform the following steps:
1.
Copy mysqljdbc.jar into your project's custom/WEB-INF/lib directory.
2.
In the Identity Manager IDE Project window, right-click on the project name and
select Run LH Command from the pop-up menu.
3.
When the Enter LH Command to Run dialog displays, type setup into the LH
Command field, and then click OK.
The Input field displays below the Output window and the Sun Setup Wizard
displays with some introductory information.
32
4.
After reading the information, click Next.
5.
When the Locate the Repository screen displays, provide the following
information and then click Next:
a.
Select the repository type from the menu.
b.
Verify the URL, JDBC Driver, and connection information and modify if
necessary.
6.
The Setup Demo? screen displays, asking if you want to continue setting up a
demonstration environment. Click No, I will configure Identity Manager
myself, and then click Next.
7.
When the Save Configuration screen displays, click Execute to import the
init.xml file and save the Identity Manager configuration.
8.
When the import is finished, click Done.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with Identity Manager IDE Projects
Creating the Identity Manager Project (Remote)
To finish creating a remote project, perform the following steps:
1.
The Name and Location panel displays with a default project name, location,
and folder in which to store the Identity Manager project.
вќЌ
вќЌ
If the default location is satisfactory, click Next.
If you want to specify a different location, replace the default information
and then click Next.
Figure 1-19
New Project Wizard: Specifying Where to Store the Project
The Identity Manager IDE Compatibility Bundle File Location screen displays.
NOTE
2.
Because Identity Manager IDE can work with different versions
of the server, and every Identity Manager IDE project is tied to a
specific Identity Manager version, you must specify an IDE
compatibility bundle (a zip file that provides Identity Manager
jar files and some XML registries that contain version-specific
information) for each supported Identity Manager version.
Specify the location of the IDE Compatibility Bundle for the version of the
server to which you are connecting, and then click Next.
For remote projects, the IDE Compatibility Bundle File is located in
<Identity Manager install root>/sample/ide-bundle.zip.
Figure 1-20
New Project Wizard: Specifying the IDE Compatibility Bundle
File Location
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
33
Working with Identity Manager IDE Projects
3.
When the Identity Manager Server Settings screen displays (Figure 1-21), enter
the following information to define how you are going to connect to the
Identity Manager instance for development, and then click Finish.
NOTE
вќЌ
вќЌ
•
Identity Manager IDE supports remote (SOAP) connections.
•
When you set up a remote connection, Identity Manager
IDE uses this connection to upload or download objects.
Host: Enter the name of the host where your project is running.
Port: Enter the number of the TCP port on which the directory server is
listening.
Enable the Secure Connection box if you want Identity Manager IDE to use
SSL when opening the connection.
вќЌ
Context Path: Enter the context root for your Identity Manager installation
(for example, /idm)
вќЌ
User: Enter your administrator user name.
вќЌ
Password: Enter your administrator password.
Enable the Remember Password box if you want Identity Manager IDE to
remember and automatically enter your password for future sessions.
Figure 1-21
34
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
New Project Wizard: Specifying the Server Settings
Working with Identity Manager IDE Projects
4.
Click Finish.
вќЌ
вќЌ
If the connection to your remote server is successful, the project node
displays in the Identity Manager IDE Projects window (upper left corner).
If the connection fails, an error message displays in the wizard window to
provide information about the failure. Correct the problem and click
Finish again.
TIP
•
Remember that you are not connecting to the
embedded server. If you experience a connection
failure, verify that your remote server is running.
•
You can also test connections in Identity Manager IDE
when you edit an existing project’s properties.
Choosing an Existing Project
To open an existing project, use the following steps:
1.
Select File > Open Project.
2.
When the Open Project dialog displays (Figure 1-22), browse to the project
folder you want to use and click Open Project Folder.
Figure 1-22
Open Project Dialog
If you already have one or more projects open, the Open as Main Project check
box (upper right corner) becomes active.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
35
Working with Identity Manager IDE Projects
3.
Enable this box if you want to specify this project as the main project.
4.
Click Open Project Folder and the selected project is added to the Explorer
window.
Setting the Identity Manager Instance
You use the Set Identity Manager Instance feature to control for which Identity
Manager instance the following actions apply, in the context of a given project:
•
Debug Project
•
Repository > Explore
•
Repository > Open Project
•
Checkout View
•
Upload Object(s)
•
Diff Object(s)
•
Reload Object
•
Test Form
•
Test Rule
Use one of the following methods to open the Set Identity Manager Instance dialog
(Figure 1-23):
36
•
From the NetBeans main menu bar, select IdM > Set Identity Manager
Instance.
•
From the Projects window, right-click the project node and select Set Identity
Manager Instance from the pop-up menu.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with Identity Manager IDE Projects
Figure 1-23
Set Identity Manager Instance Dialog
Reviewing Project Connection Settings
To view a project’s external connection settings, enable one of the following
Identity Manager Instance options:
•
•
Embedded (not available for remote projects): Applies all of the following actions
to the NetBeans embedded application server:
•
Checkout View
•
Debug Project
•
Diff Object(s)
•
Reload Object
•
Repository > Explore
•
Repository > Open Project
•
Test Form
•
Test Rule
•
Upload Object(s)
External: Applies all of the preceding actions to the server specified by the
external connection settings.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
37
Working with Identity Manager IDE Projects
Setting the Current CBE Target
To specify the current CBE target for all build actions (Build Project, Run Project,
and Debug Project),
1.
Select a target from the Current CBE Target menu.
NOTE
The selected target also controls which repository is used or set
by specifying %%CUSTOM_SERVER_REPOSITORY%% in each of the
*-target.properties files.
For example, if you set the CBE target to dev and select
IdM > Repository > Manage Embedded Repository (or you
select IdM > Run LH Command and enter setRepo or setup)
Identity Manager IDE looks in dev-target.properties to get
%%CUSTOM_SERVER_REPOSITORY%%, which is
nbproject/private/dev-ServerRepository.xml. Identity
Manager IDE then sets
nbproject/private/dev-ServerRepository.xml to the
specified repository.
2.
•
When you perform a Build Project action, the generated war
file contains a ServerRepository.xml equal to
nbproject/private/dev-ServerRepository.xml.
•
When you perform a Run Project or Debug Project action,
Identity Manager IDE launches the war file in NetBean’s
embedded application server with a server repository equal
to nbproject/private/dev-ServerRepository.xml.
Enable the Apply Pattern Substitutions on File Upload box if you want
the Identity Manager IDE to apply the pattern substitutions defined in
<target-name>.properties whenever you upload one or more files to the
repository. (Where target-name is the target selected by Current CBE Target.)
To verify how this feature works with multiple targets, create two targets with two
different repositories, as follows:
38
1.
Create a new (full-featured) Identity Manager project and, when the
Repository Setup screen displays, select Create Embedded Repository.
2.
Click Finish to create the repository and to set the current target to sandbox.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with Identity Manager IDE Projects
3.
Launch the application server.
From the Projects tab, right-click the project node and select Run Project from
the menu.
4.
When the Identity Manager browser opens, log in and create a user named
sandbox-user.
After creating the account, select the List Accounts tab and you should see
sandbox-user listed.
5.
Shutdown the application server.
From the Identity Manager IDE Runtime tab, expand the Servers node,
right-click Bundled Tomcat, and then select Stop from the pop-up menu.
6.
Once the server has stopped, return to Identity Manager IDE Projects tab,
right-click the project node, and select Set Identity Manager Instance.
7.
When the Set Identity Manager Instance dialog displays, change the Current
CBE Target to dev, and then click OK.
8.
When you are prompted to clean the project, select Yes.
9.
Next, create a repository for the dev target.
a.
Right-click the project node and select Repository > Manage Embedded
Repository from the menu.
b.
Specify a different location for the dev target than the one used for the first
repository.
c.
Enable the Initialize Repository option, and then click OK.
10. When you see the BUILD SUCCESSFUL message in the Output window,
right-click the project node and select Run Project.
Notice that the NetBeans log states it is Preparing image for environment
target: dev.
11. Log in to Identity Manager and create a new user named dev-user.
Now, when you select the List Accounts tab, the new dev-user should be
listed, but the sandbox-user is not.
12. Switch back to the sandbox target.
a.
Shut down the server.
b.
Right-click the project node, select Set Identity Manager Instance > Current
Target > sandbox.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
39
Managing the Embedded Repository
c.
When you are prompted to clean the project, select Yes.
d.
Right-click the project node and select Run from the menu.
13. Log into Identity Manager, select List Accounts, and notice that sandbox-user
is now available.
Managing the Embedded Repository
You can modify the following repository settings for the current project by
selecting IdM > Repository > Manage Embedded Repository:
NOTE
Managing the Embedded Repository will impact the repository for
the currently selected CBE target. For more information, see “Setting
the Identity Manager Instance” on page 36.
•
Repository Location: Specify a different repository location.
•
Initialize Repository: If enabled, Identity Manager IDE removes existing data
files and imports the init.xml file from the idm.war.
Disable this option if you want to reuse a repository from an existing project.
•
Automatically Publish Identity Manager Objects: If enabled, Identity
Manager IDE automatically uploads all Identity Manager objects in the project
to the repository every time you run or debug the project.
NOTE
40
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
This option is not available for Identity Manager Project
(Remote) or if you specify your own repository.
Working with Repository Objects
Working with Repository Objects
Identity Manager IDE enables you to work with repository objects on your local
file system, rather than working directly in the repository (as with the BPE).
This section provides the following information:
•
Supported Object Types
•
Checking-Out Views
•
Getting Objects from the Repository
•
Uploading Objects to the Repository
•
Creating New Objects
•
Editing Objects
•
Using the Diff Options
Supported Object Types
You can work with the following object types in the Identity Manager IDE:
•
Configuration Object: A persistent object that contains forms and workflow
processes.
•
Email Template: Templates used to send notification of various changes and
actions to users and administrators. You might use an email template, for
example, to notify an approver of a pending request, or to notify a user that his
password has been reset.
•
Form: An object associated with a Web page that contains rules about how a
browser should display user view attributes on that page. Forms can
incorporate business logic, and often are used to manipulate view data before
it is presented to the user.
•
Generic Object: An object typically used to represent views, such as simple
collections of name/value pairs. Generic objects have an <Extension> of type
<Object>.
•
Library: An object used to organize closely related objects, typically rules, into
a single object in the repository. Organizing objects into libraries makes it
easier for workflow and form designers to identity useful objects.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
41
Working with Repository Objects
•
MetaView: In Identity Manager, a meta view is a unified view of all resources,
providing a common data model in which to view a set of resources and how
attributes on these resources flow from one to another.
•
Rule: Objects in the Identity Manager repository that contain functions written
in the XPRESS, XML Object, or JavaScript languages. Within Identity Manager,
rules store frequently used logic or static variables for reuse in forms,
workflows, and roles.
•
Workflow Process: A workflow is a logical, repeatable process during which
documents, information, or tasks are passed from one participant to another.
Identity Manager workflows comprise multiple processes that control user
accounts, such as account creation, update, enabling, disabling, and deletion.
•
Workflow Subprocess: An object used to create a workflow subprocess to
include in a workflow.
Checking-Out Views
The Identity Manager IDE allows you to check out a particular view (such as a user
view) from the repository for editing.
NOTE
In general, do not use the Checkout View feature to update a user.
This feature is provided only to help you understand view behavior.
To update users in Identity Manager, use the Identity Manager Web
interface.
To check out a view,
1.
Right-click Custom Identity Manager Objects folder in the Project window and
select Repository > Checkout View from the pop-up menu.
2.
When the Checkout View dialog displays, select a View type from the menu,
enter View name, and then click OK.
Identity Manager IDE opens the view contents in tree format.
After editing, right-click on the view to check it back into the repository — just like
any other XML object.
42
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with Repository Objects
Getting Objects from the Repository
One advantage to using the Identity Manager IDE, is that it enables you to
download and modify objects outside of the repository. You can also, if necessary,
reload an object from the repository to replace one you modified on your local file
system.
This section describes the different methods for getting objects from the repository,
including:
•
Downloading Objects
•
Opening Objects
•
Reloading Objects
Downloading Objects
To download an object from the repository to your local files system for the first
time, use the following steps:
1.
Right-click the Custom Identity Manager Objects node and select Repository >
Explore to open the Explore Repository dialog displays (Figure 1-24).
Figure 1-24
Explore Repository Dialog
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
43
Working with Repository Objects
2.
Expand the nodes to browse the objects in the Repository, and select the object
you want to download from the tree.
You can download multiple objects from the repository by
pressing the Ctrl key as you select the objects from the list.
TIP
3.
Click Download.
Identity Manager IDE adds the selected object node, and children that represent
individual elements in the object, to the Custom Identity Manager Objects tree in
the Explorer. Double-click the child nodes to view their XML elements in the Editor
and to view their properties sheet in the Properties window.
Opening Objects
If you already know the name of an object you want to open on your local file
system, use the Open Objects option to quickly locate and download a single object
from within a larger set of objects (such as the repository).
To use the Open Objects option,
1.
Select IdM > Repository > Open Object from the IdM menu (or right-click the
Custom Identity Manager Objects node and select Open Object).
When the Open dialog displays.
2.
Use the options on this dialog to specify your object search criteria:
a.
Object Type: Select object types for which to search.
NOTE
Common Configuration Object Types is the default selection,
which enables you to search for any of the configuration
objects loaded within the system by default (Configuration,
Email Template, Form, Generic Object, Library, Rule,
Workflow Process, and Workflow Subprocess).
Generally, you do not have to change the Object Type
unless you want to search for a different object type or your
search results exceed the maximum number of results.
b.
Object Name: Type all or part of the object name into the text field.
You can specify an asterisk (*) as the object name to access all objects of a
particular type in the repository.
44
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with Repository Objects
As you begin typing the object name, a list of matching items displays in
the Matching Objects field. Each new letter narrows the displayed results.
For example, if you type Creat (for Create User), a large number of results
display (for example see Figure 1-25).
As you type more of the entry, such as Create, the results narrow because
the criteria becomes more specific.
Figure 1-25
c.
3.
Open Object Dialog
Case Sensitive: Enable this box to constrain the search to object names that
match the case used in the Object Name field.
Select the object you want to open in the Matching Objects list, and then click
Open (or press the Enter key) to open that object in the Identity Manager IDE.
NOTE
•
The Matching Objects list can return a maximum of 1000 objects.
If your search results exceed this number, a message displays to
suggest you refine the search criteria.
•
If you try to open an object that has not been downloaded from
the repository yet, Identity Manager IDE automatically
downloads the object to your local file system, and then opens it
in the Editor.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
45
Working with Repository Objects
Opening Object References
You can right-click nodes in the Project tree to open objects to which certain
references refer (such as ObjectRefs, FormRefs, FieldRefs and Workflow
Subprocesses). When you right-click an object node representing the object in the
tree, you can select Open object name (where object name is Reference, Form, Field, or
External Process respectively) from the pop-up menu.
•
If the object to which the reference refers exists on your local file system, the
Identity Manager IDE opens the source code from the local file system in the
Source Editor.
•
If source code for the object does not yet exist on your local file system, the
Identity Manager IDE retrieves the object from the repository and then opens
the source code in the Source Editor.
For example, to add a Default User Library object reference to the Tabbed
User Form:
1.
Download the Tabbed User Form and expand the nodes until you see the
Includes node.
2.
Right-click the Includes node and select Add an Object Reference.
The object reference does not yet exist on your local file system, so the Add
Object Reference dialog displays.
3.
You can browse and select an object or type the object name directly into the
Name field. Select the Default User Library object, and then click OK to add the
new object under the Includes node in the tree.
4.
Now, when you right-click the new Default User Library object reference node
and select Open Reference, the Identity Manager IDE downloads the Default
User Library object reference form and opens the XML source in the Source
Editor.
5.
Close the object reference form in the Source Editor.
6.
Right-click the object reference node again and open the Default User Library
reference.
The Default User Library form opens in the Source Editor, but it is not
downloaded because it now exists on your local file system.
46
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with Repository Objects
Reloading Objects
To replace (overwrite) an object in the current project with a new version of that
object from the repository, use the following steps:
1.
Right-click the object node and when the pop-up menu displays, select
Repository > Reload Objects.
TIP
2.
3.
You can download multiple objects from the repository by
pressing the Ctrl key as you select the objects from the list.
An Overwrite Files? dialog displays to let you know that the object already
exists on your local file system, and asking you to confirm that you want a
fresh copy from the repository.
вќЌ
Click Yes or Yes for All to continue.
вќЌ
Click No or No for All if you do not want to proceed.
When you are ready, click the Reload button.
The selected object nodes, and children that represent individual elements in the
object, will be displayed in the Explorer. You can double-click child nodes to go to
their XML elements and view them in the property sheet.
Removing Object IDs
To facilitate moving objects from one repository to another, you can configure
Identity Manager IDE to remove all auto-generated repository IDs before it
downloads objects from the repository.
NOTE
In general, you should not have to modify the regular expression
pattern; the default should be sufficient. This feature is provided in
case the default pattern is broken.
Identity Manager IDE locates and removes all object IDs and objectRef IDs that
conform to a specified expression — without removing any hard-coded,
predefined IDs.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
47
Working with Repository Objects
To configure this feature,
1.
Select IdM > Options to open the Repository Options dialog.
2.
Enter a regular expression in the ID Removal Pattern field, and then enable the
Use ID Removal box.
NOTE
•
The Use ID Removal box is enabled by default.
•
Identity Manager IDE stores the regular expression and displays
the most recently used expression in the ID Removal Pattern
field by default, which allows you to quickly reuse expressions
you used previously.
Uploading Objects to the Repository
To upload new or modified objects from your local file system back to the
repository, use the following steps:
1.
Select the one or more object nodes in the Projects window.
TIP
2.
You can select multiple objects to upload by pressing the Ctrl
key as you select the objects from the list.
Right-click a node and select Repository > Upload objects from the pop-menu.
Identity Manager IDE immediately uploads the selected objects.
Uploading Objects Automatically
When you create a new project, you can enable a Automatically Publish Identity
Manager Objects option and Identity Manager IDE will automatically upload all
Identity Manager objects to the repository whenever you run or debug the project.
See “Creating the Identity Manager Project” on page 29 for instructions.
You can enable this option after project creation from the Manage Embedded
Repository dialog (IdM > Repository > Manage Embedded Repository).
NOTE
48
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
This option is not available for Identity Manager Project
(Remote) or if you specify your own repository.
Working with Repository Objects
Using CBE Pattern Substitution
Identity Manager IDE allows you to use a CBE (Configuration Build Environment)
pattern substitution file when uploading objects to an embedded or external
Identity Manager instance.
When you select IdM > Set Identity Manager Instance from the main menu bar, the
Set Identity Manager Instance dialog displays. If you enable Apply Pattern
Substitutions on File Upload, the pattern substitutions defined in
target-name.properties (where target-name is the target selected by Current CBE
Target) will be applied whenever you upload one or more objects.
For example, sandbox-target.properties is the default target and it defines
%%SMTP_HOST%%=mail.xyzcompany.com. Users can replace mail.xyzcompany.com in
sandbox-target.properties with the name of their SMTP server, and then use the
%%SMTP_HOST%% variable in the Identity Manager object files as appropriate.
NOTE
•
The Identity Manager Project provides a sample CBE and the
nbm is aware of the CBE pattern substitution files. The
*-target.properties files are also used by the CBE build and
the publishIDMObjects ant target.
•
You can move the *-target.properties files to a different
directory, but you must update the build.xml and the
cbeConfigDir attribute in idm-project.xml to account for this
change.
Creating New Objects
To create a new object for your project, use the following steps:
1.
Right-click an object node (or an object types node) in the Projects window and
select New > File/File Folder.
2.
In the New File wizard, select the Sun Identity Manager Objects category, and
then select an object type to create. Click Next.
3.
In the Name and Location screen, enter a file name and specify where to store
the file.
NOTE
The current project, project directory, and objects folder are
selected by default, but you can specify a different location.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
49
Working with Repository Objects
4.
Click Finish to close the wizard.
Identity Manager IDE adds the new object to the tree as a child under the selected
object type node. In addition, the new object’s XML source is displayed in the
Source Editor view.
NOTE
Identity Manager IDE assumes that each XML source file contains
exactly one object.
Consequently, if you use XML files containing multiple objects
(including some files distributed with Identity Manager, such the
wfresource.xml sample), the objects do not display as nodes in the
Project window and they are not available in the Palette. In addition,
the context menu does not include any Identity Manager IDE
actions.
However, if you put these XML files into your project’s Objects
directory, Identity Manager IDE handles the files as plain text so you
can view the files in the Files tree, and you can open and edit the
files directly.
Editing Objects
This section explains how to edit the objects in your project. This information
includes:
50
•
Editing Object Properties
•
Adding Elements to an Object
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with Repository Objects
Editing Object Properties
You can modify properties for Email Template, Form, Library, and Workflow
objects from the Identity Manager IDE Properties window.
For example, click the Account Deletion Approval object node and following
properties sheet (Figure 1-26) displays in the Properties window:
Figure 1-26
TIP
Example Properties
As an alternative to the using Properties window, right-click the
object node and select Properties from the pop-up menu. A
Properties dialog displays with the same object property sheet you
would see in the Properties window.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
51
Working with Repository Objects
Properties sheets contain some or all of the following features:
•
Text fields: Allow you to edit simple or complex values, as follows.
вќЌ
вќЌ
Simple value fields: Type new string or integer values directly into the
text field. After modifying or adding a new value,
•
Press the Enter key (or click in a different text field) to apply your
changes.
•
Press the Esc key to cancel your changes.
Complex value fields: Click the existing value to open a Expression
Builder dialog (see “Using the Expression Builder Dialog” on page 53) so
you can edit the expression.
NOTE
•
Ellipsis (...) buttons: Provide an alternative method for editing object values
shown in a text field.
вќЌ
вќЌ
Simple value fields: Clicking the button opens a dialog so you can enter
new string or integer values. After modifying or adding a new value,
•
Click OK to apply your changes and close the dialog.
•
Click Cancel to undo your changes and close the dialog.
Complex value fields: Clicking the button opens an Expression Builder
dialog so you can edit the expression.
NOTE
52
Greyed text indicates a read-only field.
Greyed text indicates a read-only field.
•
Drop-down menus: Select from a list of several, specific values or double-click
the property name to rotate through the available values.
•
Check boxes: Click to enable or disable the property.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with Repository Objects
Using the Expression Builder Dialog
When you are working in the Properties window, you can click a Complex value
field or click the ellipses button to open an Expression Builder dialog (such as those
shown in Figure 1-27) to edit an object’s XML expressions.
Figure 1-27
Two Example Expression Builder Dialogs
Expression Builder dialogs consist of
•
A tree view pane that provides a hierarchical view of the object’s XML
expressions.
You can also right-click elements in this view to access options for editing
expressions.
•
An editing options pane that provides a set of editing options for the selected
expression element.
•
An information pane (located at the bottom of most editing options panes) that
provides general and JavaDoc information related to the selected expression.
NOTE
The Design view for rules also provides an Expression Builder (see
Figure 1-6) to make it easier for you to see the logical structure of a
rule and to modify the rule’s properties.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
53
Working with Repository Objects
Table 1-5 describes the different editing options:
NOTE
Table 1-5
For more information about the expression types mentioned in this
table, see Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.
Expression Builder Options
Editing Options
Description
•
Add button
•
Add menu option
(only available by
right-clicking elements in
Tree view.)
Add a new expression element by selecting one of the following
expression types:
•
Delete button
•
Delete menu option
(right-click elements in Tree
view.)
•
XPRESS Object > Select String, List, Map, or Integer.
•
Reference
•
Expression > Select Logical > Logical type, Strings > String type, Lists > List
type, Variables > Define a variable, Math > Math type, Control > Control type.
•
Object Access > Select New, Invoke (Static or Instance), or Get.
•
Diagnostics > Select Script, Trace, or Print.
•
Rule
•
XML Object > Select String, List, Map, or Integer.
Delete the selected expression.
Move Up/Move Down buttons
Move elements up or down within the XML expression.
Wrap Object option
(only available by right-clicking
elements in Tree view.)
Wrap an expression element (such as a string) within another expression
element (such as a concat).
This option is useful if you forget to include a function call that needs arguments
you already have defined. For example, if you define a reference to the
firstname attribute and wrap that reference in a concat, you can then define a
reference to the secondname attribute as an argument to the concat — resulting in
the following:
<concat>
<ref>firstname</ref>
<ref>secondname</ref>
</concat>
54
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with Repository Objects
Table 1-5
Expression Builder Options (Continued)
Editing Options
Description
•
Change To button
Change an element’s expression type to one of the following:
•
Change To menu option
(right-click elements in Tree
view.)
•
XPRESS Object > Select String, List, Map, or Integer.
•
Reference
•
Expression > Select Logical > Logical type, Strings > String type, Lists > List
type, Variables > Define a variable, Math > Math type, Control > Control type.
•
Object Access > Select New, Invoke (Static or Instance), or Get.
•
Diagnostics > Select Script, Trace, or Print.
•
Rule
•
XML Object > Select String, List, Map, or Integer.
Arrow buttons
Move between recently visited expression-editing panels (similar to a browser’s
back and forward buttons).
Type/Value table
View and edit the expression types currently used in the selected expression:
•
Type column (read-only): Lists the expression types.
•
Value column (editable): Lists the expression type values.
To edit simple strings or integers, type a new value into the Value field.
To edit a <Complex Value>, click the field to open the Expression Builder
dialog for that expression.
Style buttons
Set the expression style to Simple or Calculated.
Value fields and <> Name fields
Replace the current simple string or integer.
Trace box
Output trace diagnostics while XPRESS is running inside IDM
Browse JavaDoc button
View JavaDoc information when you are creating invoke expressions.
Click this button to open the JavaDoc dialog where you can select items from
Class Names and Method Names menus. As you click (or mouse over) a menu
item, a pop-up displays the related JavaDoc information.
To edit an expression,
•
Select an element in tree view, and then use the different options on the editing
options pane.
Some editing options (such as the Change To button) are common to most
expression elements, while others are only available when you are editing
specific elements.
•
Right-click an element in tree view, and then select an option from the pop-up
menu.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
55
Working with Repository Objects
Adding Elements to an Object
You can add new (child) elements to objects by editing the XML source directly or
using the pop-up menu’s Add option.
NOTE
You can use the Properties Window to edit object properties, but
you cannot use it to add elements.
To use the Add option,
1.
Right-click the object node where you want to add the child element, and select
Add element_type from the pop-up menu.
Figure 1-28
NOTE
56
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Adding Elements to an Action
The object type determines which element_types can be added.
For example, if you are working with Workflow processes or
subprocesses, you can add Actions to perform simple
calculations or call out to Java classes and JavaScript to perform
complex operations. You can then add arguments, forms,
results, returns, or variables to the Action object.
Working with Repository Objects
2.
When the Add element_type dialog displays, use the property sheet to specify a
name and other properties for the new element (see “Editing Object
Properties” on page 51).
For example, if you are adding a Result to an Action object, the Add Result
dialog displays.
Figure 1-29
3.
Add Result Dialog
When you click OK, the Identity Manager IDE adds the new element under the
selected object node. In addition, the new element’s XML source is displayed in
the Source Editor view.
NOTE
When adding an Include element to a form, you can either browse
for and select the form name or you can type the name directly.
When typing a form name, you must use the following syntax or an
error (Error creating Object Reference) will result:
<FormType>:<SomeFormName>
For example, to add the AIX User Form to the Default User Form
1. Download the Default User Form.xml, and expand the tree until
you see the Includes node.
2. Right-click the Includes node and select Add Object Reference.
3. When the Add Object Reference dialog displays, you can either
type the AIX User Form into the Name field or click Browse to locate
and select the form.
4. If typing the name, you must enter UserForm:AIX User Form.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
57
Working with Repository Objects
Deleting Objects
To remove objects from the project on your local file system,
1.
Right-click on one or more objects in the Project window.
2.
Select Delete from the pop-up menu.
The objects are immediately deleted from your project.
To remove objects from the Identity Manager IDE repository:
1.
Select IdM > Repository > Explore from the NetBeans menu bar.
2.
When the Explore window displays, expand the object nodes to locate the
objects you want to remove.
3.
Select one or more objects, and then click the Delete button.
NOTE
You cannot use this Delete button to remove individual rules
from a library. To delete one or more rules from a library, you
must download the entire library to your local file system,
delete the rules, and then upload them back to the repository.
All deleted objects are immediately removed from the Repository.
Using the Diff Options
Identity Manager IDE allows you to compare (diff) directories or single objects on
your local file system to their counterparts in the repository, and then view the
differences side-by-side.
Setting Global Diff Options
Select IdM > Options to open the Repository Options dialog where you can specify
the following global diffing options (which are all enabled by default):
58
•
Exclude lastModDate: Controls whether Identity Manager IDE excludes
lastModDate modifications when you diff objects.
•
Exclude ids: Controls whether Identity Manager IDE excludes all
auto-generated repository IDs when you diff objects.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with Repository Objects
•
Apply pattern substitution: Controls whether Identity Manager IDE applies
the *-target.properties file (a Configuration Build Environment (CBE)
pattern substitution file) when you diff objects.
NOTE
•
The Exclude lastModDate and Exclude ids options affect only
those objects on the repository side.
•
If you change any of the preceding options, Identity Manager
IDE automatically updates the active window based on your
selections.
For example, if you click Options on the Identity Differences tab
to open the Repository Options dialog and disable the Exclude
ids option, the Identity Manager IDE automatically updates the
information displayed on the Identity Differences tab, but does
not update the Diff windows in the Editor.
Diffing Objects
After saving any modifications made to an object, you can diff the contents of a
directory or of a single object, as described in the following sections:
•
Diffing a Directory
•
Diffing a Single Object
Diffing a Directory
To diff the contents of a directory,
•
Select IdM > Repository > Diff Objects from the menu bar.
•
Right-click the directory node (such as Custom Identity Manager Objects) and
select Repository > Diff Objects.
Identity Manager IDE diffs all objects recursively down through the file system
and then displays the results in the Identity Differences tab (Figure 1-30).
Figure 1-30
Identity Differences Tab
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
59
Working with Repository Objects
This tab consists of
•
A table that lists the Name, Status, and Location of all diffed files.
This table uses color-coded file names to indicate which files have been
modified (blue) and which files are new and do not yet reside on the
server (green).
Double-clicking a modified item in this table opens a Diff
Output window so you can view the differences side-by-side.
TIP
•
Table 1-6
The icons and buttons described in Table 1-6.
Identity Differences Tab: Diff Icons and Buttons
Click this Icon or Button:
Refresh
To Perform this Task:
Retrieve any object changes from the local file system, re-diff those objects, and then
redisplay the diff information on the Identity Differences tab.
Important: You must click Refresh before using the Reload All, Upload All, or Diff All
options to incorporate all of the newest changes for objects listed on the Identity
Differences tab.
Diff All
Diff all objects in a selected directory.
When you diff the contents of a directory, the Identity Manager IDE also populates the
Editor’s drop-down menu with the names of any objects that have been modified locally
or in the repository. Select an object from this list to view its diff windows in the Editor.
Reload All
Replace all of the modified objects listed on the Identity Differences tab with their
counterparts from the repository.
Upload All
Upload all of the modified objects listed on the Identity Differences tab to the repository.
Filter buttons: Select any combination of these buttons to control how results display in
the Identity Differences table.
Options
60
•
Unchanged: Filters all Unchanged results out of the list.
•
Modified: Filters all Modified locally or in the repository results out of the list.
•
Missing: Filters all Missing from Repository results out of the list.
Click to specify the global diffing options described in “Setting Global Diff Options” on
page 58
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with Repository Objects
NOTE
You must click Refresh before reloading, uploading, or diffing all to
retrieve the newest changes for objects listed on the Identity
Differences tab. If you do not Refresh, the Identity Manager IDE
uses the older version of the object displayed on the Identity
Differences tab.
If you use any of icons or the Options button on the Identity
Differences tab, the Identity Manager IDE automatically updates the
information displayed in the Identity Differences tab — but does not
update the Diff windows in the Editor.
Diffing a Single Object
To diff the contents of a single object,
•
Select IdM > Repository > Diff Object from the menu bar.
•
Right-click the object and select Repository > Diff Object.
The Identity Manager IDE Editor window updates to display a Local view and
Remote view of the object, as shown in Figure 1-31.
Figure 1-31
Example Side-By-Side Display
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
61
Working with XML
The Editor window also provides the icons and button described in Table 1-7:
Table 1-7
Editor Diff Icons and Button
Click this Icon or Button:
Refresh
To Perform this Task:
Retrieve any object changes from the local file system, re-diff the object, and then
redisplay the diff information in the Editor.
Important: You must click Refresh before using the Replace local with repository or
Upload local to repository options to include the newest changes made to that object.
Replace local
with repository
Replace a modified local object with its counterpart from the repository.
Upload local to
repository
Upload a modified local object to the repository.
Options
Click to specify the global diffing options described in “Setting Global Diff Options” on
page 58
NOTE
If the Diffing windows are open, and you click any of the icons or
the Options button from the Editor, Identity Manager IDE
automatically updates the information displayed in the Diffing
windows — but does not update the Identity Differences tab.
Working with XML
This section describes how to work with XML in the Source Editor window. The
information is organized into the following sections:
62
•
Editing XML
•
Using Auto-Completion
•
Identifying and Correcting Malformed XML
•
Validating XML
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with XML
Editing XML
To edit an object’s XML,
1.
Double-click the object node in the Project or Files window.
2.
If the Source Editor view does not display by default, click the Source button.
When the object’s unfiltered XML displays in the Source Editor; you can edit,
check, and validate the XML as needed.
NOTE
To edit an object that is not yet displayed in the Projects or Files
window, select IdM > Repository > Open Objects. Specify all (or
part) of the object name and the object type in the Open Objects
dialog to locate that object on your local file system.
If you try to open an object that has not been downloaded from the
repository, Identity Manager IDE automatically downloads the
object to your local file system, and then opens it in the Editor.
The Identity Manager IDE provides several options for editing an object’s XML:
•
Type the information directly into the Source editor window.
•
Right-click an object node in the Projects window and use the pop-up menus to
access an Add dialog, where you can provide the necessary information.
•
Use the Palette window, which displays items from the workflow library and
XPRESS categories. You can drag items from the Palette and drop them into a
line in the Source Editor to create XML text at that point in the XML source.
•
Right-click in the XML file displayed in the Source Editor to insert Instance or
Static Invoke statements. (See “Inserting Invokes” on page 19 for more
information.)
Using Auto-Completion
When you install the Identity Manager IDE, it registers the waveset.dtd definition
file, which enables auto-completion for XML elements and attributes.
To use the auto-completion feature, begin typing an XML element or attribute, and
then press Ctrl+Spacebar. NetBeans displays a list of the elements and attributes
that can be used to automatically complete the element.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
63
Working with XML
Identifying and Correcting Malformed XML
If you load a file into the Identity Manager IDE with malformed XML, or if you edit
a file and the edits do not conform to the definition (DTD) file, a red error icon
displays on the object’s top-level parent in both the Project and File windows.
Figure 1-32
Error Icon
If the Properties window is open, an error message is displayed in the window's
description area. Or, you can use the invalid file's tooltip information to view the
error message by placing your mouse over the file’s node.
When an object has malformed XML
•
The object’s child nodes do not display.
•
The Add, Clone, and Upload commands, some context menus and buttons
become disabled.
•
You cannot use the Test Form or Test Rule features for Forms, Rule, or Library
nodes.
•
XML added directly to the XML editor is not lost, but a node for the added
object will not display until you fix the XML.
If you right-click in the Source Editor window and select Validate XML from the
pop-up menu, the results — including a link to the malformed XML source —
display in the Output window. Click this link and Identity Manager IDE highlights
the line just below the malformed XML in the Source Editor window so you can
easily locate and correct the problem.
64
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
Validating XML
You can immediately validate a object’s XML by right-clicking in the Source Editor
and selecting Validate XML from the context menu.
Check the Output window for the results, which should be similar to the following
message:
XML validation started.
Checking file:/H:/IdentityMgr/IDM_IDE_Project/Idm/objects/
System%20Configuration.xml...
XML validation finished.
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
The Identity Manager IDE provides a graphical Debugger that you can use to
debug Identity Manager forms, rules, and workflows. You can use this Debugger
to set breakpoints and watches, step through code, examine and modify variables,
examine classes and the callstack, follow threads, and run multiple sessions.
This section describes how to use the Identity Manager IDE Debugger, and if you
have previously used a code debugger for a procedural programming language,
you should be familiar with the terms used here. The information is organized as
follows:
•
Starting the Debugger
•
Setting Breakpoints
•
Using Watches
•
Stepping Through an Executing Process
•
Debugging Forms
•
Testing Rules
•
Debugging Workflows
•
Running the Debugger Outside a Test Environment
•
Using the Identity Manager IDE Tutorial: Debugging Forms, Rules, and
Workflows
•
Stopping the Debugger
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
65
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
CAUTION
The Identity Manager IDE Debugger is enabled by default, but you
should always disable it when you are finished debugging to prevent
someone from accidently connecting it to an application server in
your production environment.
Instructions for disabling the Debugger, are provided in “Disabling
the Debugger” on page 99.
NOTE
You should be aware of the following information when using the
Identity Manager IDE Debugger:
•
Do not use the Debugger in a production environment.
Setting a breakpoint is a global setting; consequently, the
Identity Manager IDE suspends incoming request threads when
it reaches that breakpoint.
•
The user specified in the project’s properties must have the
Identity Manager Administrator capability.
However, be aware that the Debugger can suspend threads that
lock other users out of the system and display variables
containing sensitive data from other users’ sessions. Given the
powerful repercussions of misuse, exercise caution when
assigning the right to run the Debugger.
•
You must assign a private copy of the application server to users
running the Debugger.
If multiple users are developing on the same application server
and one user connects a Debugger to the server, the other users
will hit breakpoints and be locked out.
66
•
The Debugger does not support clusters.
•
For more information about working with workflows, forms,
and views refer to the Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager
Workflows, Forms, and Views publication.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
Starting the Debugger
To start the Identity Manager IDE Debugger, select Run > Debug Main Project
from the main menu bar.
When you start a debugging session, the Identity Manager IDE automatically
opens a set of Debugger windows that display runtime information about your
program. From these windows, you can
•
Start and stop the debugging process
•
Navigate through the process execution
•
Set breakpoints (distinct stopping points in process execution)
Setting Breakpoints
You use breakpoint commands in the Debugger to halt the execution of an object
before executing a specific line of code.
NOTE
Be aware that setting a breakpoint is a global setting. The Debugger
suspends incoming request threads when it reaches a designated
breakpoint — and this action happens regardless of which user is
making the request.
When you are using the Debugger, breakpoints apply regardless of where you
launched the form or workflow. While most debuggers allow you to set
breakpoints only on source locations; the Identity Manager IDE Debugger also
permits you to set breakpoints at conceptual execution points, such as Refresh
view. In this case, the Debugger suspends operation whenever a Refresh view
operation occurs. You can then step-into the Refresh view and watch the
underlying form processing in progress.
You can view a summary of all source breakpoints in the Breakpoints window
(typically located in the lower-left corner of the Identity Manager IDE). You can
also click on a breakpoint in the Breakpoints window to navigate to that breakpoint
in the Source Editor.
When it stops at a breakpoint, the Debugger also displays variables (that are in
scope) at the current execution point.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
67
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
Figure 1-33
Breakpoints Window
The easiest way to set a breakpoint is to click in the left margin of the Source Editor,
immediately adjacent to the tag where you want to add a breakpoint.
You can also select Run > New Breakpoint from the main menu bar. When the
New Breakpoint dialog displays, select XPRESS from the Debugger menu. The
content in the dialog changes to provide the following options:
•
Breakpoint Type menu: Identity Manager is the only option that is available
from this menu, and it is selected by default.
•
Global tab (default): Select to enable one or both of the following options:
вќЌ
вќЌ
All anonymous breakpoints — Sets a breakpoint on an anonymous
source.
All named breakpoints — Use this option when you do not know which
form a particular page is using. You can set this breakpoint and go to the
page. You should then disable the All named breakpoints option and
refine your breakpoints to something more specific within that particular
form, or the Debugger will stop at every breakpoint.
NOTE
•
If you enable both options, the Debugger checks all
breakpoints.
View Cycle tab: Select to set breakpoints associated with commonly used
views (such as Checkin View, Checkout View, Get View, or Unlock View).
You can set code breakpoints based on the view processing that occurs during
process execution. The most commonly invoked view operations are listed in
this dialog, and available on each view.
68
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
•
Form Cycle tab: Select to set breakpoints associated with stages of form
processing:
You can set code breakpoints based on a designated stage of form processing.
For information about the stages of form processing, see Sun Javaв„ў System
Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.
The tutorial examples provided with Identity Manager illustrate how to use
breakpoints. See “Using the Identity Manager IDE Tutorial: Debugging Forms,
Rules, and Workflows” on page 78.
Using Watches
The Identity Manager IDE Debugger enables you to use watches, which can be any
valid XPRESS expression. Watches serve two purposes:
•
You can use simple <refs> to evaluate a specific set of variables.
•
You can use more-complex XPRESS expressions to help you determine what
will happen if you make certain changes to the project.
The Debugger evaluates watches in the current context when you first enter the
Debugger, and everytime it suspends while stepping or at a breakpoint. The
Debugger also re-evaluates watches whenever you add or modify a watch.
The tutorial provided with Identity Manager (debugger-tutorial-workflow1.xml)
illustrates how to use watches. See “Example 1: Debugging a Workflow and a
Rule” on page 79.
Stepping Through an Executing Process
Stepping through describes the sequential, deliberate analysis of an executing
process’ functions.
Terminology
Step into, step over, and step out are terms borrowed from debuggers of procedural
programming languages, in which the execution order is implied by the structure
of the language. However, in Identity Manager forms and workflows, the order in
which elements occur in the code do not reflect the order in which they are
executed.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
69
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
Consequently, these terms have slightly different meanings when used in the
Identity Manager IDE (or in the Business Process Editor (BPE)):
•
Step-Into: Describes moving to the next point of execution on the current
thread. Step-Into is always the smallest amount by which you can proceed
through a process in the Source Editor.
•
Step-Over: Describes moving from the current begin tag to the current end tag
without stopping at an interim element. Stepping over permits you skip almost
everything between a start and end tag. However, if the next point of
execution does not occur between the start and end tags of the current
element, debugging halts there instead.
For example, in a workflow containing multiple active virtual threads, you can
step to the start tag of an action, but the next element to be executed is a
different action. In this case, the process stops executing at a different point.
Thus, you avoid accidently skipping over a potentially significant element.
•
TIP
70
Step out: Describes moving incrementally until the execution stack is one less
than the current. Similar to step-over. If the next point of execution has a
different parent execution stack, it will stop there instead.
The following tips are provided to help you successfully step
through an executing process:
•
Set up stepping in the Debugger to be as granular as feasible in
the context of your debugging task. This practice helps you
avoid missing anything potentially critical to debugging.
•
Stepping does not change the execution order of your program.
The program’s execution order is the same as it would be if the
Debugger were not attached. You can skip seeing portions of the
execution (but they still execute regardless).
•
Use step-into when you want the smallest step possible through
the code.
•
Use step-over when you feel that no probable problem exists
with the content between the start and end tag. The Debugger
then skips this element although the code in between these tags
still executes.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
Table 1-8 provides a snapshot of how the Identity Manager IDE Debugger would
proceed through this code sample:
<A>
<B/>
</A>
<D/>
(A, B, and D are some xml elements)
Table 1-8
Example Debugging Process
Execution Order
Result
<A>, <B/>, </A>, <D/>
If you are clicking step-into, the Debugger highlights the lines in that
execution order.
If you are clicking step-over, the Debugger highlights <A>, </A>
(skipping B), <D/>
<A>, <D/>, <B/>, </A>
If you are clicking step-over, you will see code lines in the order <A>,
<D/>, <B/>, </A>. (Step-over is equivalent to step-into for this case.)
Debugging Forms
This section explains how to work with anonymous sources and provides
instructions for configuring and launching the form tester utility.
For detailed information about how the Identity Manager Forms engine processes
a form, see Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.
NOTE
You can check the execution stack in the Call Stack window to see
which pass is currently being processed.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
71
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
Working with Anonymous Sources
When stepping through forms, the Debugger can identify anonymous sources.
Anonymous sources are forms (or portions of a form) that are generated on the fly
(such as Login forms and MissingFields forms), and do not correspond to a
persistent form that resides in the Identity Manager repository.
Because these forms do not reside in the repository, and thus lack unique
identifiers, you cannot set individual breakpoints on anonymous sources. However,
you can step through an anonymous source if you set an All anonymous sources
breakpoint (as described in “Setting Breakpoints” on page 67).
This setting enables the Debugger to stop execution at points that do not have
direct XPRESS source. As a result, the Debugger breaks any time it encounters a
line from an anonymous source.
Configuring and Launching the Form Tester
Identity Manager IDE provides a form tester that lets you test forms in an external
browser. The form tester is integrated with the Debugger, so you can also
troubleshoot your forms.
To test a form:
1.
Use one of the following methods to launch the form tester:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
NOTE
2.
72
Select the form node in the Projects window and select IdM > Test Form
from the NetBeans menu bar.
Right-click on the form in the Projects window and select Test Form from
the pop-up menu.
Right-click within a <Form> element or any of its children in the Source
Editor and select Test Form from the pop-up menu.
A warning message displays to let you know that when Identity
Manager IDE uploads your form to the repository it will replace
(overwrite) the existing copy. You must indicate whether to
continue or stop the test process.
When prompted, log into Identity Manager.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
TIP
To avoid having to log in every time you test a form, use the
following steps to modify the System Configuration object’s
allowInterAppAuthenication property:
1.
Select IdM > Repository > Explore.
2.
From Explore Repository window, expand the Generic Objects
node and double-click System Configuration to download the
object.
3.
Double-click System Configuration.xml to view it in the
Source Editor, and then scroll down (or use Edit > Find) to
locate the allowInterAppAuthentication attribute.
4.
Change the attribute’s value to true and save your change.
Identity Manager IDE launches a new Identity Manager session in a browser
window, and displays your form in the context of the Identity Manager
Administrator user interface. In addition, information about the uploaded form
displays in the Identity Manager IDE Repository Output window.
NOTE
Identity Manager provides a tutorial
(debugger-tutorial-workflow1.xml) to help you understand how
to debug forms. See “Using the Identity Manager IDE Tutorial:
Debugging Forms, Rules, and Workflows” on page 78 for
instructions.
Chapter 1
Using the Identity Manager IDE
73
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
Testing Rules
Identity Manager IDE provides a rule tester that allows you to verify standalone
rules and library rules as you edit them in the Source Editor. You provide values
for any rule argument in the Source Editor and then “run” the rule. (You can also
embed trace statements.)
You can use one of the following methods to launch the rule tester:
•
Select the rule node in the Projects window and select IdM > Test Rule from the
NetBeans menu bar.
•
Right-click on the rule in the Projects window and select Test Rule from the
pop-up menu.
•
Right-click within a <Rule> element or any of its children in the Source Editor
and select Test Rule from the pop-up menu.
The following examples are provided to illustrate how the rule tester works.
•
Example 1: Testing Standalone Rules
•
Example 2: Testing Library Rules
Example 1: Testing Standalone Rules
This example illustrates how to test a simple, standalone rule:
74
1.
Right-click Custom Identity Manager Object > Repository > Explore to view
objects in the repository.
2.
In the Explore Repository dialog, expand the Rules node and double-click
Accountname First dot Last to open the rule.
3.
Right-click in the Rule Tester Inputs window and select Add value from
the menu.
4.
When the New Value dialog displays, enter the following information, and
then click OK:
вќЌ
Name: global.firstname
вќЌ
Type: String
вќЌ
Value: myfirst
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
5.
Right-click in the Rule Tester Inputs window again, and enter another new
value with the following information:
вќЌ
Name: global.lastname
вќЌ
Type: String
вќЌ
Value: mylast
Your Rule Tester Inputs window should look similar to Figure 1-34.
Figure 1-34
6.
Rule Tester Inputs Window
You can now test the rule.
Select IdM > Test Rule from the NetBeans menu bar or right-click in the Source
Editor window and select Test Rule from the pop-up menu.
NOTE
A message displays to warn you that the rule test will
automatically save the rule and publish it to the repository.
Click Yes or Always to proceed.
You should see output displayed in Rule Tester Output window that is similar
to the following:
<String>myfirst.mylast</String>
<String>myfirst.mylast</String>
<String>myfirst.mylast</String>
7.
Next, try testing the rule and running the Debugger at the same time.
If the Debugger is not already running, click the Debug Main Project button
on the main menu bar.
8.
Go the Source Editor window, click in the margin next to the <Rule> tag in the
XML, and add a breakpoint.
9.
Select Window > Debugging > Breakpoints to open the Breakpoints window.
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10. In the Source Editor, right-click anywhere in the <Rule> element and select
Test Rule from the pop-up menu.
The Debugger will stop at your breakpoint. (See the result in the Breakpoint
window.)
11. Click the Step Into button
seven times to step through your rule,
observing the results in the Local Variables window.
12. Click Continue and observe the results in the Rule Tester Output window.
Example 2: Testing Library Rules
Testing library rules is very similar to testing standalone rules:
1.
If necessary, download the Alpha Numeric Rules library from the repository
and double-click the node to open this library rule in the Source Editor.
2.
Expand the Alpha Numeric Rules nodes until you can double-click the
stringToChars rule.
The testStr argument displays in the Rule Tester Inputs window because this
rule declares a formal argument.
3.
Give the testStr argument a value (right-click on the argument name in the
Rule Tester Inputs window, select Add value, and enter a value in the New
Value dialog).
4.
Right-click in the Source Editor and select Test Rule to run the rule and observe
the results in the Rule Tester Output window.
NOTE
76
Identity Manager provides a tutorial
(debugger-tutorial-workflow1.xml) to help you understand how
to debug rules. See “Using the Identity Manager IDE Tutorial:
Debugging Forms, Rules, and Workflows” on page 78 for
instructions.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
Debugging Workflows
Workflows are executed by a single Java thread, and are represented in the Call
Stack window by a single Java thread. However, within a workflow, each activity
becomes its own virtual thread.
During workflow execution, the workflow engine cycles through a queue of virtual
threads. Each virtual thread is in one of the states described in the following table.
Table 1-9
Virtual Thread States
Workflow Activity State
Definition
ready
Identifies an activity that has just been transitioned to. (This state is very temporary, as
actions typically start executing immediately after being designated ready.)
executing
Identifies an activity that contains one or more actions that are currently being executed or
have yet to run.
This is a logical state, which does not mean that the Java thread is currently executing it.
The action currently being executed is always in bold/normal font.
Actions that are not being executed are displayed in italics.
pending outbound
Identifies an activity after all actions within an activity have been run, it goes to the
pending outbound state. In this state, it awaits an outbound transition to be taken. In the
case of an or-split, it is in this state until one transition is taken. In the case of an and-split,
it will be in this state until all transitions whose conditions evaluate to true are taken.
inactive
Identifies an activity in which all transitions have been taken.
pending inbound
Identifies a virtual thread whose activity is an and-join. That is, one transition to this virtual
thread has occurred, but the process is still waiting for other transitions.
After all transitions have completed, the workflow process subsequently begins
executing.
To validate your workflow revisions after making changes, select the object or
process in the Projects window, and then select Tools > Validate to test it. Check
the Output window for messages.
NOTE
Identity Manager provides a tutorial
(debugger-tutorial-workflow1.xml) to help you understand how
to debug workflows. See “Using the Identity Manager IDE Tutorial:
Debugging Forms, Rules, and Workflows” on page 78 for
instructions.
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Using the Identity Manager IDE Tutorial:
Debugging Forms, Rules, and Workflows
Identity Manager provides a tutorial (debugger-tutorial-workflow1.xml) to help
you learn how to use the Debugger with forms, rules, and workflows. This tutorial
contains sample forms, rules, and workflows that are used throughout this section.
CAUTION
Do not enable this tutorial in your production environment.
This section is organized as follows:
•
Getting Started
•
Example 1: Debugging a Workflow and a Rule
•
Example 2: Debugging a Workflow Containing a Manual Action and a Form
•
Example 3: Debugging the Tabbed User Form and Refresh View
Getting Started
To use the debugger-tutorial-workflow1.xml tutorial,
1.
Use one of the following methods to import the
debugger-tutorial-workflow1.xml file:
вќЌ
вќЌ
From Identity Manager, select Configure > Import Exchange File.
Type sample/debugger-tutorial.xml into the File to Upload field.
From the Console, enter:
import -v sample/debugger-tutorial.xml
If the file import successfully, you will see confirmation that the following
files were loaded:
debugger-tutorial-workflow1
debugger-tutorial-workflow2
compute-full-name
78
2.
Download debugger-tutorial-workflow1 and
debugger-tutorial-workflow2 from the Repository to your project. (See
“Getting Objects from the Repository” on page 43 for instructions.)
3.
After restarting the application server, select Run > Debug Main Project from
the main menu bar to launch the Identity Manager IDE Debugger.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
Example 1: Debugging a Workflow and a Rule
This example illustrates how to debug a simple workflow and rule that uses the
workflow, including how to step-into and step-through workflow debugging and
rule execution.
To complete this exercise you must perform the following steps:
1.
Launch the process.
2.
Start execution.
3.
Step through the getFirstName thread.
4.
Step into and over the getlastname thread.
5.
Step into computefullname processing.
6.
Step through rule processing.
7.
Conclude workflow processing.
Step 1: Launch the Process
To launch the workflow debugging process:
Figure 1-35
1.
In the Project window, expand the debugger-tutorial-workflow1.xml node.
2.
Double-click the debugger-tutorial-workflow1.xml node to view the XML in
the Source Editor. (If necessary, click the Source button.)
Open debugger-tutorial-workflow1.xml Source
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3.
Set a breakpoint at the start of the workflow by clicking once in the margin, to
the left of the <WFProcess> tag.
4.
If necessary, click the Debug Main Project button on the main menu bar to
launch the Identity Manager IDE Debugger.
5.
Log in to Identity Manager, and then select Server Tasks > Run Tasks.
6.
When the Available Tasks page displays, click
debugger-tutorial-workflow1.xml in the Name column.
Check the Identity Manager IDE Source Editor, and you should see that
debugging halted at your breakpoint.
Also, note the following:
вќЌ
At the top of the Call Stack window, you should see Thread [thread name]
(suspended), which indicates that this workflow is currently being run by
the thread of the given name, and that it is suspended at the breakpoint
you set.
Below the Thread is your execution stack. This stack is an upside-down
stack trace, with the calling function on top and the called function at the
bottom. (It is upside down compared with how most debuggers represent
execution stacks.)
The top most frame in the stack says Checkin View (ProcessViewer), which
indicates that the workflow is being called by the checkinView method of
the ProcessViewer. Because you do not have access to the Java source code
for this stack frame, clicking on it will not display new information.
However, the stack frame does provide context about where the workflow
is being launched from.
The next frame in the stack is highlighted because it corresponds to the
current point of execution, which is the beginning of the workflow process
(<WFProcess>).
вќЌ
In the Local Variables window, you should see a list of all variables that are
currently in scope at the current point of execution, including
Table 1-10
80
Variables in Scope
Variable
Description
Last Value
Result of the last evaluation
Interactive
Variable passed in by the view as an input to the process.
WF_CASE_OWNER
Implicit workflow variable
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
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Table 1-10
Variables in Scope (Continued)
Variable
Description
fullname
Variable declared in the workflow using <Variable>
declarations
WF_CONTEXT
Implicit workflow variable
WF_CASE_RESULT
Implicit workflow variable
firstName
Variable declared in the workflow using <Variable>
declarations
lastName
Variable declared in the workflow using <Variable>
declarations
Now you are ready to start execution. Go to the next section for instructions.
Step 2: Start Execution
To start execution:
1.
Click the Step-Into button
on the Identity Manager IDE main menu bar.
The Debugger moves to the start activity. Notice that the execution stack
contains a Virtual Thread [start, step=0] (executing), which indicates
there is a virtual thread for the start activity that is currently in the executing
state.
Figure 1-36
Virtual Thread for the Start Activity
2.
Double-click on the debugger-tutorial-workflow1 frame (two levels up) to
highlight the WFProcess, which shows you the caller location.
3.
Double-click on the bolded entry in the Call Stack window to return to the
current line.
4.
Click Step-Into again.
The Debugger moves to the </Activity> line in the Source Editor, and if you
look in the Call Stack window, the Virtual Thread [start, step=0] is now
pending outbound.
You can now proceed to Step 3, in the next section.
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Step 3: Step Through the getFirstName Thread
To step-through the getFirstName thread:
1.
Click Step-Into.
The Debugger highlights the transition to getFirstName.
2.
Click Step-Into again.
Check the Call Stack window again, and notice that the Debugger created a
new Virtual Thread for getFirstName as a result of this transition, and this
Virtual Thread is currently in the ready state.
Figure 1-37
Virtual Thread for the Start Activity
Note that Virtual Thread [start, step=0] is still pending outbound because
it is an and-split operation, and must take all possible transitions.
3.
Click Step-Into again.
The Debugger jumps to the getFirstName activity in the Source Editor, and in
the Call Stack window, the state changes from ready to executing.
4.
Click Step-Into again.
The Debugger moves to the get action.
5.
Now, click Step-Into three more times or until the Debugger reaches the </set>
tag in the Source Editor.
Check the Local Variables window and note that the firstName value is set to
<String>myfirstname</String> as a result of the </set>.
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Figure 1-38
6.
New firstName Value
Add a watch expression:
a.
Open the Watches window (Window > Debugging> Watches).
b.
Right-click in the window and select New Watch from the menu.
c.
When the New Watch dialog displays, type the following XPRESS
statement into the Watch Expression field, and then click OK.
<ref>firstName</ref>
The Debugger evaluates the watch expression, and its value should be
<String>myfirstname</String>, which is the value you just set in Step 5.
Step 4: Step Into and Over the getLastName Thread
Use the following procedure to step-into and over the getLastName thread:
1.
Click Step-Into three more times or until the Debugger reaches the
</Activity> line for getFirstName in the Source Editor.
Note that Virtual Thread (getFirstName, step=1) is now pending
outbound in the Call Stack window.
2.
Click Step-Into.
The Debugger returns to the Virtual Thread (start, step=0), and is about
to process the transition to getLastName.
3.
Click Step-Into.
Virtual Thread (start, step=0) becomes inactive because all transitions
have been processed. As a result of this transition, getLastName is now in the
ready state.
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4.
Click Step-Into.
At this point, Virtual Thread (start, step=0) goes away because it is
inactive, and the Debugger moves to the Virtual Thread (getLastName,
step=2), which is now in the executing state.
5.
Click the Step-Over button
to skip to the end of getLastName.
Check the Local Variables window, and the lastName variable should be set to
<String>mylirstname</String>. Both the getFirstName and getLastName
virtual threads are pending outbound.
6.
Click Step-Into.
Check the Source Editor and note that the Debugger is on the Transition from
getFirstName to computeFullName.
7.
Click Step-Into.
In the Call Stack window, getFirstName becomes inactive and a new Virtual
Thread, (computeFullName, step=3) is created.
Figure 1-39
New computeFullName Virtual Thread
Note that this thread is in the pending inbound state because it is still waiting
on the inbound transition from getLastName. (The wait occurs because it is an
and-join operation. If it were an or-join operation, process status would
immediately go to ready.)
8.
Click Step-Into.
The Debugger is now on the transition from getLastName to computeFullName.
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Step 5: Step Into computeFullName Processing
Use the following procedure to step-into computeFullName processing:
1.
Click Step-Into.
The Virtual Thread (computeFullName, step=3) goes from pending
inbound to ready because of this transition.
2.
Click Step-Into.
Virtual Thread (computeFullName, step=3) is now executing.
3.
Click Step-Into five more times.
If you check the Source Editor, you should see that the Debugger is now on the
</argument> tag for firstName, and that Last Value in the Local Variables
window is now <String>myfirstname</String>. This value is passed for the
firstName argument.
Step 6: Step Through Rule Processing
To Step Through rule processing:
1.
Click Step-Into three more times.
The Debugger steps into the compute-full-name rule.
2.
In the Call Stack window, click the frame to move up one frame.
The <rule> call in debugger-tutorial-workflow1 is highlighted to indicate
from where the rule is being called.
3.
Double-click the bolded line to re-select that line.
4.
Click Step-Into three more times or until the Debugger reaches the </ref> tag.
Now check the Local Variables window, and the Last Value entry is
<String>myfirstname</String>, which is the result of the
<ref>firstName</ref>.
5.
Click Step-Into three more times or until the Debugger reaches the
</concat> tag.
The Last Value entry is now <String>myfirstname mylastname</String>, which
is the result of the <concat> expression.
6.
Click Step-Into twice more and the Debugger returns to the </rule> tag.
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Step 7: Conclude Workflow Processing
To conclude workflow processing:
7.
Click Step-Into until you reach the </set> element.
The fullname variable is updated to <String>myfirstname
mylastname</String>.
8.
Click Step-Into twice more.
Virtual Thread (computeFullName, step=3) is now pending outbound.
9.
Click Step-Into four more times.
Notice that end goes to ready, then executing, and then the Debugger reaches
the </WFProcess> tag, which indicates that the process is now complete.
10. Click Step-Into.
In the Call Stack window, After Checkin View displays, indicating that the
checkin-view operation that launched this workflow is now complete.
11. Click the Continue button on the Identity Manager IDE main menu bar to
resume execution.
If the browser request has not timed out, the Task Results diagram with the
process diagram displays.
Example 2: Debugging a Workflow Containing a Manual Action
and a Form
This example illustrates how to debug a sample workflow containing a manual
action and a form. Use debugger-tutorial-workflow2 tutorial file and perform the
following steps:
86
1.
Double-click debugger-tutorial-workflow2.xml to view the XML in the
Source Editor.
2.
Set a breakpoint on the <WFProcess...> tag.
3.
If necessary, click the Debug Main Project button
IDE main menu bar.
4.
Log in to Identity Manager, and navigate to Server Tasks > Run Tasks.
5.
When the Available Tasks page displays, select debugger-tutorial-workflow2
from the Name column.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
on the Identity Manager
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
Notice that the Debugger has stopped at the breakpoint you set.
Figure 1-40
New Breakpoint
6.
Click Step-Into six times or until the Debugger marks <ManualAction...
name='getNameAction'>.
7.
Click Step-Into.
8.
When the Stepping into Manual Action dialog displays to explain that form
processing occurs in a different thread, click Yes or Always.
9.
Set a breakpoint on the <Form> tag to see the processing occur.
When the form processing is complete, the workflow continues execution in a
separate thread. Consequently, you must set a breakpoint on the
</ManualAction> to observe workflow processing after the form has
completed processing.
Note that the Debugger set breakpoints on the <Form> and </ManualAction>
tags as indicated. In addition, the Call Stack window indicates After Checkin
View, and you have stepped out of the workflow process because workflow
processing proceeded as far as possible (until the manual action completes).
10. Click Continue, and the Debugger stops processing at the breakpoint set on the
<Form> element.
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Note the following entries in the Call Stack window:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
Derivation — Indicates that form execution is on the derivation pass.
Checkout View (WorkItem:...) — Indicates that processing is occurring in
the context of a checkout view for the given work item.
ManualAction forms — Operate against the work item view and
manipulate workflow variables through the variables object. Expand the
variables object to see the non-null workflow variables.
11. Because this form contains no <Derivation> expressions, click Continue to
proceed to the next processing phase. The HTML Generation (root component)
pass of form processing begins.
HTML Generation Phase (Root Component)
To generate HTML for the root component:
1.
Click Step-Into twice.
The Debugger just processed the title <Property> element, and the Last Value
entry in the Local Variables window contains the value of this property.
2.
Click Step-Into three more times.
The Debugger skips the form fields and goes directly to the </Form> element
because this pass focuses only building the root component of the page.
3.
Click Continue to begin the HTML Generation (subcomponents) pass of form
processing.
HTML Generation (Subcomponents)
To generate HTML for the subcomponents:
1.
Click Step-Into 13 times or until the Debugger reaches the </Form> tag.
The Debugger iterates over each of these fields and evaluates their display
properties.
2.
Click Continue.
The Debugger displays No suspended threads because execution has resumed.
Control has now returned to your Identity Manager browser window.
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3.
Return to the Identity Manager browser window, and enter your first and last
name as prompted, and click Save.
Return to your Debugger frame, and note that the Debugger is now suspended
on your breakpoint.
4.
Expand the Variables subtree in the Local Variable window, and note that the
names you just entered are displayed as the firstName and lastName values.
The Debugger is currently in the Confirmation phase of form processing.
Confirmation
Because this form has no confirmation fields, no processing occurs.
Click Continue to begin the Validation phase of form processing.
Validation and Expansion
Because this form contains no validation expressions, no obvious processing
occurs.
1.
Click Continue to skip the Validation phase and proceed to the Expansion
phase of form processing.
2.
Click Step-Into six times.
The Debugger moves to the <rule> tag of the <Expansion> of the
variables.fullName field.
3.
Click Step-Into five times, and the Debugger steps into the <Rule> element.
4.
Click Step-Into seven times or until the Debugger reaches the </Rule> element.
The Last Value contains the full name.
5.
Click Step-Into again and processing resumes in the form.
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6.
Click Step-Into again.
The top-level variables.fullName has the value of the Expansion expression
you just ran. This value is a top-level entity rather that a child of the variables
data structure because during form processing, form outputs are kept in their
own temporary form_outputs data structure, with path expressions flattened.
After form processing, form outputs are assimilated back into the view. In the
implicit variables form_inputs and form_outputs, form_inputs shows the
unmodified workitem view, and form_outputs shows the output fields that are
assimilated back into the view after form processing completes.
In general, form_inputs identifies the view, and form_outputs contains data to
be assimilated back into the view. However, not all forms are necessarily tied
to a view (for example, active sync forms). The form engine is a general data
mapping engine, mapping from form inputs to form outputs. The view
handler is responsible for passing the view into the form engine and
assimilating the outputs back into the view.
7.
Click Continue.
The Debugger reaches the </ManualAction> breakpoint that you set previously
when the Debugger stepped into the Manual Action. The firstName and
lastName variables are the values that you entered. The fullName value is the
result of the Expansion expression that just ran.
8.
Click Step-Into five times until you get to <ManualAction...
name='displayNameAction'>.
9.
Click Step-Into again. (If prompted, click Yes or Always.)
10. Click Continue.
The Debugger is now on the Derivation pass for displayNameForm.
Derivation and HTML Generation (Root Component)
To complete the derivation and HTML generate phase
90
1.
Click Continue to begin the HTML Generation (root component) processing for
displayNameForm.
2.
Click Step-Into eight times or until the Debugger reaches the </Property>
element for subTitle.
3.
Click Continue twice.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
The Debugger displays the following message:
No suspended threads because execution has resumed. Control has now
returned to the browser window.
4.
Return to your Identity Manager browser window.
The information displayed is the same you entered.
5.
Click Save and return to your Debugger frame.
The Debugger is now on the Confirmation pass, processing the
displayNameForm.
Validation and Expansion
To begin validation and expansion,
1.
Click Continue to begin the Validation pass.
2.
Click Continue to begin the Expansion pass.
3.
Click Continue again.
The Debugger is now on the </ManualAction> tag because the manual action is
complete. At this point, workflow processing has resumed.
4.
Click Step-Into five times or until the Debugger reaches the </WFProcess> tag,
indicating that the workflow has completed execution.
5.
Click Continue.
6.
Return to the Identity Manager window and you should see the workflow
process diagram. Click OK.
Example 3: Debugging the Tabbed User Form and Refresh View
This sample debugging procedure illustrates how Debugger breakpoints apply
regardless of where you launch a form or workflow.
To complete this procedure, you must perform the following steps:
1.
Set a breakpoint.
2.
Create a new user.
3.
View before refresh view results.
4.
View after refresh view results.
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5.
Step through the form.
6.
Finish processing the form.
Setting a Breakpoint
To set a breakpoint:
1.
Right-click in the Breakpoints window and select New Breakpoint from the
menu.
2.
When the New Breakpoints dialog displays, select XPRESS from the Debugger
menu and then select the View tab.
3.
Enable the Refresh View check box.
The Debugger will now execute a breakpoint whenever a view is refreshed
during execution.
Creating New User
To create a new user:
1.
In Identity Manager, select the Accounts tab, and then select New User from
the top, left drop-down menu.
2.
When the Create User page displays, enter a first name and a last name (for
example, jean faux).
3.
Click a different tab to trigger a refresh view operation.
Note that Identity Manager is now suspended because it hits a breakpoint.
Viewing Before Refresh View Results
Return to the Identity Manager IDE and note the following:
•
The Source Editor is now suspended on the Refresh View breakpoint that
you set.
•
The Call Stack window lists Before Refresh View, which indicates the state of
the view just before the refresh operation occurred.
•
The Local Variables window displays the view just before it was refreshed.
In the Local Variables window, expand the global subtree and locate the firstname
and lastname values that you typed in the form. Note that the fullname is
currently null.
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Viewing After Refresh View Results
To view the After Refresh view results,
1.
Click Continue.
The Call Stack window lists After Refresh View, indicating it now displays the
state of the view just after the refresh occurred. Note that the fullname value is
now jean faux.
2.
Click Continue again.
The form resumes execution. Return to the Identity Manager browser window
and change First Name to jean2. Click a different tab to trigger another refresh.
Back in the Identity Manager IDE Source Editor, the form processing is
suspended at Before Refresh View.
Stepping Through the Form
To Step Through the form,
1.
Click Step-Into to reveal the fullname expansion in execution.
The Call Stack window lists Before Expansion, which indicates that the form
variables have not been expanded.
2.
Click Step-Into again.
The Call Stack window now lists Before Expansion, iteration=0, indicating
that you will see the form variables before the first Expansion pass.
3.
Click Step-Into again.
The Call Stack window lists an anonymous source (Tabbed User Form
(Anonymous, line: 3)(begin)). The anonymous source is a wrapper form
created on the fly and it is related to the MissingFields form.
4.
Click Step-Into two more times until you reach the beginning of Tabbed
User Form.
5.
Continue to click Step-Into until you reach <Field name='global.fullName'>
(Approximately 20 to 30 step-into operations.)
6.
Click Step-Into 15 times or until you have reached the </Field> element.
While stepping, notice that the Last Value entry at the </concat> tag is
jean2 faux, and that the form_outputs value is global.fullname:
jean2 faux.
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Complete Form Processing
To complete form processing:
1.
Click Step-Out seven times.
At this point, the Call Stack window should indicate:
Refresh View (User)
After Expansion
The Local Variables window displays the state of the form variables after all
expansions have run.
2.
Click Step-Out again.
You have now reached After refresh view. The Local Variables window now
displays the view variables.
3.
Expand the global subtree.
Note that fullname is now jean2 faux.
4.
Click Continue.
Debugging Java and XPRESS
The following example illustrates how to create and compile custom Java code and
how to use both the XPRESS debugger and Java debugger at the same time.
94
NOTE
The Identity Manager Project (Remote) does not support Java
debugging.
TIP
Before starting this example, turn off the NetBeans HTTP monitor to
remove the extra window:
1.
Expand the Servers node in the Runtime window, right-click
Bundled Tomcat, and select Properties from the pop-up menu.
2.
When the Server Manager dialog displays, disable the Enable
HTTP Monitor box, and then click Close.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
1.
Perform the following steps to create custom Java code:
a.
In the Projects tab, right-click Source Packages and select New > Java Class
from the pop-up menu.
b.
Enter TestClass in the Class Name field and testpackage in the
Package field.
c.
When the testpackage node displays, add the following method:
public static String concat(String s1, String s2)
{
return s1+s2;
}
d.
2.
Save the class.
Perform the following steps to create a rule that calls the Java code:
a.
In the Project window, right-click Custom Identity Manager Objects and
select New > File/Folder from the pop-up menu.
b.
When the New File dialog displays, select Sun Identity Manager Objects
from the Categories list, and then select Rule from the File Types list.
Figure 1-41
c.
Choosing the Rule File Type
When you are done, click Next.
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d.
When the New Rule screen displays, enter Test Rule into the File Name
field, and then click Finish.
Figure 1-42
Choosing the Rule File Type
The Projects window updates to display Test Rule.xml.
e.
Select Test Rule. xml and then click the Source tab in the Editor window
to view the XML.
f.
If necessary, change <Rule name='New Rule' to <Rule name='Test Rule'.
g.
Insert the following call to your method and then save the rule:
<invoke class='testpackage.TestClass' name='concat'>
<ref>arg1</ref>
<ref>arg2</ref>
</invoke>
3.
Perform the following steps to build the custom Java code and start the
application server:
a.
Right-click on the project node and select Debug Project.
Wait while Identity Manager IDE builds the Web application and starts the
server (which takes a few minutes).
b.
When prompted, enter your password.
If you check the log file, you will see that you rule was automatically
uploaded.
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c.
When a browser window displays, you can close it.
If you want to disable the browser, right-click the project and select
Properties. In the Project Properties window, Run and uncheck Display
Browser on Run.
4.
5.
Set a breakpoint in the Java code and one in the XPRESS code:
a.
In Test Rule.xml, set a breakpoint by clicking in the margin to the left of
the <Rule tag.
b.
In TestClass.java, set a breakpoint by clicking in the margin to the left of
the return s1+s2; statement.
Use the rule tester to call both breakpoints:
a.
Select Window > Rule Tester Inputs from the NetBeans menu bar to open
the Rule Tester Inputs window.
b.
Select Test Rule.xml in the Projects window.
c.
Right-click in the Rule Tester Inputs window and select Add value. When
the New Value dialog displays, enter the following information, and then
click OK:
d.
•
Name: arg1
•
Type: String
•
Value: myvalue1
Right-click in the Rule Tester Inputs window again and select Add value.
When the New Value dialog displays, enter the following information, and
then click OK:
•
Name: arg2
•
Type: String
•
Value: myvalue2
e.
Expand the Test Rule.xml node, right-click Test Rule, and then select Test
Rule from the pop-up menu.
f.
When a message displays asking you to confirm whether to save the rule,
click Always.
At this point, you have reached the breakpoint on your rule.
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g.
Click the Step-Into button
Java code.
six times to reach the breakpoint in your
Note that you are now in the Java Debugger, and that your Java variables
are now displayed in the Local Variables window.
NOTE
When you are debugging Java and XPRESS at the same
time, there are actually two debuggers running at the same
time and they are not aware of each other. Both debuggers
have their own breakpoints and their own stepping-into
states.
Step-into will not step from XPRESS code into Java code
unless there is a breakpoint in the Java code.
h.
Click Continue.
Note that you have returned to the </invoke> tag in the XPRESS
Debugger. You should also see that Last Value shows myvalue1myvalue2
as the invoke result.
NOTE
i.
6.
7.
98
When leaving the Java code, always click Continue to
resume executing the Java debugger. Debugging
performance becomes very sluggish if you leave the Java
debugger in a stepping state.
Click Continue again to see the rule results in the Rule Tester Output
window.
Modify the rule as follows, and then rerun the rule:
a.
Change <ref>arg1</ref> to <s>myprefix</s>.
b.
Right-click the rule and select Test Rule.
c.
Click Continue twice and view the new results in the Rule Tester Output
window.
Modify the Java code as follows, and then re-run:
a.
Change return s1+s2; to return s1+s2+"mysuffix";
b.
Because you changed the Java code, you must rebuild and redeploy.
Right- click the project and select Debug Project.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
c.
Right-click the Test Rule node and select Test Rule.
d.
Click continue twice and you should now see the following results in the
Rule Tester Output window:
<String>myprefixmyvalue2mysuffix</String>
Stopping the Debugger
To stop the Identity Manager IDE Debugger, select Run > Finish Debugging
Session from the main menu bar.
Disabling the Debugger
You should always disable the Debugger when you are finished debugging to
prevent someone from accidently connecting it to an application server in your
production environment.
To disable the Debugger, use the following steps:
1.
From Projects tab, expand the Generic Objects node and double-click System
Configuration to view the XML in the Source Editor window.
2.
Scroll down (or use Edit > Find) to locate the
serverSettings.default.debugger.enabled attribute and change the value to
false, as shown in the following example:
<Attribute name='serverSettings'>
<Object>
<Attribute name='default'>
<Object>
<Attribute name='debugger'>
<Object>
<Attribute name='enabled'>
<Boolean>false</Boolean>
</Attribute>
3.
Select File > Save from the main menu bar to save your change.
4.
Restart your application server.
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Working with the Identity Manager IDE Debugger
Running the Debugger Outside a Test
Environment
When you encounter problems in production that require debugging, it is best to
try to reproduce and debug those problems in a test environment. Setting
breakpoints in the Debugger can quickly bring down the application server in your
production environment, where a large volume of traffic occurs. You might also
block others from using the system (depending where you set the breakpoints).
If you cannot debug in a separate test environment, follow this procedure:
100
1.
Divert all live traffic to a subset of your cluster by taking one of the nodes in
your cluster offline. (For the purpose of this task, call this node server-a.)
2.
Use the Identity Manager IDE to edit the System Configuration object by
setting the SystemConfiguration
serverSettings.server-a.debugger.enabled property to true.
3.
Restart server-a so that the change to the System Configuration
property setting can take effect.
4.
Change your project settings; specifying the proper host (server-a), port,
context path, user, and password.
5.
Start the Debugger.
6.
When you have finished debugging, set
serverSettings.server-a.debugger.enabled to false and restart server-a to
prevent the Debugger from connecting to your live production environment.
7.
Reintegrate server-a into your on-line cluster.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Uninstalling Identity Manager IDE from NetBeans
Uninstalling Identity Manager IDE from NetBeans
If for any reason, you want to uninstall the Identity Manager IDE module from
NetBeans, perform the following steps:
1.
If necessary, open NetBeans.
2.
Select Tools > Module Manager from the NetBeans menu bar.
The Module Manager dialog displays (Figure 1-43), listing all of your installed
modules. The Active column indicates which of these modules are enabled.
NOTE
Figure 1-43
The Identity Manager IDE allows you to disable the modules
you do not need to minimize start-up time and save memory.
Disabled modules are not deleted from your installation
directory, but are simply ignored by the Identity Manager IDE.
You can re-enable disabled modules at any time.
Selecting the Module to Uninstall
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Troubleshooting Identity Manager IDE
3.
Select Sun Identity Manager from the list of modules.
4.
Click Uninstall.
5.
A pop-up displays, asking you to confirm that you want to uninstall the Sun
Identity Manager module. Click OK to proceed with the uninstall process.
6.
When the process is complete, close the Module Manager.
Troubleshooting Identity Manager IDE
This section provides information you might need to troubleshoot issues with
Identity Manager IDE.
Unable to Delete Errors
Unable to Delete error messages can occur in the following circumstances:
•
If you select IdM > Manage Embedded Repository while the server is running,
the following error message will display:
Unexpected Exception: 'Unable to delete
[NetbeansHome]\[Project]\idm-repository\idm.data'. See the logs for
details.'
To correct this error, shut down the server and try again.
•
If you try to performing a “clean” while the server is running, a number of
error messages in the following form will result:
Unable to delete file ../image/idm/WEB-INF/lib/*.jar
To correct this error, shut down the server and try again.
Out of Memory Errors
If you experience out-of-memory errors as you work with Identity Manager IDE,
you might have to increase the NetBeans memory settings. Consult your NetBeans
product documentation for instructions.
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Troubleshooting Identity Manager IDE
Tomcat Manager Dialog Displays, Requesting
User Name and Password
If you are working with the standard Identity Manager IDE project, start the
bundled Tomcat instance, and the Tomcat Manager dialog displays, it generally
indicates one of the following conditions:
•
Multiple Tomcat instances are running.
You must insure that only one Tomcat instance is running on the host machine
and configured to listen on the same port as the bundled Tomcat.
•
A credentials mismatch has occurred.
The credentials stored as part of the bundled Tomcat server must match those
stored on the Server Manager’s Username and Password fields. For more
information about these field values, go to the following website:
http://wiki.netbeans.org/wiki/view/FaqInstallationDefaultTomcatPassword
To check the port number of the bundled Tomcat and the stored credentials:
1.
Select the Identity Manager IDE Runtime tab and expand the Servers and
Bundled Tomcat nodes.
2.
Right-click the Bundled Tomcat node and select Properties from the pop-up
menu.
3.
When the Server Manager dialog displays, check the Server Port, Username,
and Password field values.
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Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Chapter 2
Working with Rules
This chapter explains how to work with Identity Manager rules and rule libraries.
The information is organized into the following sections:
This chapter is organized into the following sections:
•
Understanding Rules and Rule Libraries
•
Customizing Default Rules and Rule Libraries
•
Developing New Rules and Rule Libraries
•
Referencing Rules
•
Securing Rules
NOTE
You can use the Sun Identity Manager Integrated Development
Environment (Identity Manager IDE) to create, edit, and test rules
for your deployment. See Chapter 1, “Using the Identity Manager
IDE” for detailed instructions.
You can also use the Identity Manager Business Process Editor
(BPE) application to create, edit, and validate rules. See
Appendix A, “Using the Business Process Editor.”
Understanding Rules and Rule Libraries
This section provides the following information:
•
What is a Rule?
•
Why Use Rules?
•
What is a Rule Library?
105
Understanding Rules and Rule Libraries
What is a Rule?
A rule is an object in the Identity Manager repository that contains a function
written in the XPRESS, XML Object, or JavaScript languages. Within Identity
Manager, rules provide a mechanism for storing frequently used logic or static
variables for reuse within forms, workflows, and roles.
You can pass arguments to a rule to control its behavior, and a rule can reference
and modify variables maintained by the form or workflow.
NOTE
Because the XPRESS and XML Object languages are both written in
XML, the XPRESS and XML Object code examples used in this
chapter are similar.
This chapter assumes you are familiar with the XPRESS language.
For detailed information about using XPRESS, see Sun Javaв„ў System
Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.
For information about writing rules in JavaScript, see “Writing
Rules in JavaScript” on page 144.
Code Example 2-1 contains a simple XML rule. The rule name is defined by the
name attribute in the <Rule> element, and it returns the string value john or mary.
The rule body is an XPRESS expression within the <Rule> element.
Code Example 2-1
Example XML Rule
<Rule name='getApprover'>
<cond><eq><ref>department></ref><s>sales</s></eq>
<s>john</s>
<s>mary</s>
</cond>
</Rule>
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Why Use Rules?
You can call a rule wherever XPRESS is allowed — most notably in workflows and
forms. Rules allow you to encapsulate a fragment of logic or a static value that can
then be reused in many locations.
The benefits of saving XPRESS logic or static values for reuse include:
•
Easy maintenance. You can modify a rule by changing a single object instead
of changing all of the forms or workflows that reference the rule.
•
Distributed development. Users can develop rules that focus on rule
requirements without having to be aware of all the forms or workflows that
reference that rule.
•
Hiding complexity. Less technical users can modify simple rules using
interfaces that do not require knowledge of XML, workflows, or forms.
Using Rules in Forms
You typically call a rule in forms to calculate the allowedValues display property
or to control field visibility within a <Disable> expression. Within forms, rules
could be the most efficient mechanism for storing and reusing:
•
A list of corporate departments
•
Default values
•
A list of office buildings
When calling rules from forms, it is particularly important that you properly secure
those forms. For information about securing rules, see “Securing Rules” on page 153.
The rule in Code Example 2-2 returns a list of job titles. Rules such as this are often
used in Identity Manager forms to calculate lists of names for selection. To add or
change a new job title, you only need to modify this rule instead of having to
modify all of the forms that reference the rule.
Code Example 2-2
Returning a Job Titles List
<Rule name='Job Titles'>
<list>
<s>Sales</s>
<s>Accounting Manager</s>
<s>Customer Service Representative</s>
</list>
</Rule>
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Understanding Rules and Rule Libraries
The field in Code Example 2-3 calls the rule defined in the preceding example to
use the job titles list in a select box:
NOTE
In this example, the rule name element uses a lowercase r because
you use it to call the rule, not define it.
Code Example 2-3
Using a Job Titles List in a Select Box
<Field name='global.jobTitle'>
<Display class='Select'>
<Property name='title' value='Job Title'/>
<Property name='allowedValues'>
<rule name='Job Titles'/>
</Property>
</Display>
</Field>
Using Rules in Roles
You can use rules to set the value of any resource attribute in a role definition.
When the rule is evaluated, it can reference any attribute of the user view.
The rule in Code Example 2-4 sets a value for the user's description of a resource,
such as NT. When a user is created with a role that has this rule associated with it,
the description value will automatically be set according to the rule.
Code Example 2-4
Setting the Value for a User’s Resource Description
<Rule name='account description'>
<concat>
<s>Account for </s>
<ref>global.firstname</ref>
<ref>global.lastname</ref>
<s>.</s>
</concat>
</Rule>
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Understanding Rules and Rule Libraries
Identity Manager forms and workflows support rules that can dynamically
calculate the name of another rule to call. Code Example 2-5 shows a form field that
calls a rule that calculates a department code:
Code Example 2-5
Calling a Rule that Calculates a Department Code
<Field name='DepartmentCode'>
<Display class='Text'>
<Property name='title' value='DepartmentCode'/>
</Display>
<Expansion>
<rule>
<cond>
<eq>
<ref>var1</ref>
<s>Admin</s>
</eq>
<s>AdminRule</s>
<s>DefaultRule</s>
</cond>
</rule>
</Expansion>
</Field>
Workflow activities can also contain subprocesses that contain a rule that
dynamically calculates the subprocess name:
Code Example 2-6
Calculating a Subprocess Name Dynamically
<Activity id='0' name='activity1'>
<Variable name='ValueSetByRule'>
<rule>
<cond>
<eq><ref>var2</ref><s>specialCase</s></eq>
<s>Rule2</s>
<s>Rule1</s>
</cond>
<argument name='arg1'>
<ref>variable</ref>
</argument>
</rule>
</Variable>
</Activity>
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Understanding Rules and Rule Libraries
Using Rules in Workflows
In workflow, you can use a rule to:
•
Calculate an approver
•
Add a condition to a transition
•
Implement an action
•
Calculate an approval escalation timeout
Code Example 2-7 is a manual action used to send an approval request to an
administrator. You can specify a timeout value for this action, and if the
administrator does not respond within the specified time, the action terminates,
and the workflow escalates the approval to a different administrator.
In this example, the timeout is specified with a fixed value of 86,400 seconds or 24
hours.
Code Example 2-7
Specifying a Timeout with a Fixed Value
<Rule name='Approval Timeout'>
<i>86400</i>
</Rule>
Code Example 2-8 is a manual action that calls the timeout rule:
Code Example 2-8
Calling the timeout Rule
<ManualAction>
<Owner name='$(approver)'/>
<Timeout>
<rule name='Approval Timeout'/>
</Timeout>
<FormRule>
<ref>approvalForm</ref>
</FormRule>
</ManualAction>
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Understanding Rules and Rule Libraries
What is a Rule Library?
A rule library is an XML configuration object that is stored in the Identity Manager
repository. The configuration object contains a library object, which in turn contains
one or more rule objects.
Creating rule libraries is a convenient way to organize closely related rules into a
single object. Using libraries can simplify rule maintenance by reducing the
number of objects in the repository and makes it easier for form and workflow
designers to identify and call useful rules.
For example, Code Example 2-9 shows a library containing two different account
ID generation rules:
Code Example 2-9
Using a Rule Library with Two Account ID Generation Rules
<Configuration name='Account ID Rules'>
<Extension>
<Library>
<Rule name='First Initial Last'>
<expression>
<concat>
<substr>
<ref>firstname</ref>
<i>0</i>
<i>1</i>
</substr>
<ref>lastname</ref>
</concat>
</expression>
</Rule>
<Rule name='First Dot Last'>
<expression>
<concat>
<ref>firstname</ref>
<s>.</s>
<ref>lastname</ref>
</concat>
</expression>
</Rule>
</Library>
</Extension>
</Configuration>
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111
Customizing Default Rules and Rule Libraries
You can use the Identity Manager IDE to view and edit the default rule libraries or
to add new rules to an existing library object. For detailed instructions, see
“Working with Repository Objects” on page 41.
Customizing Default Rules and Rule Libraries
You can use the Identity Manager IDE to edit the default Identity Manager rules to
follow a custom set of steps. Identity Manager ships with a library of default rules
and rule libraries, including:
•
Active Sync Rules
•
AlphaNumeric Rules Library
•
Auditor Rules
•
Excluded Resource Accounts Rule SubType
•
Naming Rules Library
•
RegionalConstants Library
Active Sync Rules
When an Active Sync adapter detects a change to an account on a resource, it either
maps the incoming attributes to an Identity Manager user, or it creates an Identity
Manager user account.
NOTE
Active Sync rules must use context, not display.session.
Table 2-1 lists the predefined Active Sync rules.
Table 2-1
112
Predefined Active Sync Rules
Rule Name
Description
ActiveSync has isDeleted set
Used by migration from resources with “Process deletes as
updates” set to false.
No Correlation Rule
Default rule to use when no correlation is desired.
No Confirmation Rule
Default rule to use when no confirmation is desired.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Customizing Default Rules and Rule Libraries
AlphaNumeric Rules Library
A default library of alphanumeric rules enables you to control how numbers and
letters are ordered and displayed in Identity Manager forms and workflows. In the
Identity Manager IDE, this library is displayed as the Alpha Numeric Rules library
object.
Table 2-2 lists the rules in this library.
Table 2-2
Default Alphanumeric Rules
Rule Name
Description
AlphaCapital
List of English uppercase alphabetic characters
AlphaLower
List of English lowercase alphabetic characters
Numeric
List of numeric characters
WhiteSpace
List of white space characters
SpecialCharacters
List of common special characters
IllegalNTCharacters
List of illegal NT characters
legalEmailCharacters
Tests to see if str is all numeric characters.
isNumeric
Tests to see if str is only numeric
isAlpha
Tests to see if str is only alpha
hasSpecialChar
Tests to see if str has any special characters
hasWhiteSpace
Tests to see if str has any white space characters
isLegalEmail
Tests to see is str contains legal characters for an email address
hasIllegalNTChar
Tests to see is str is all numeric characters
stringToChars
Converts the supplied string (passed as a testStr argument) to a list of
its component characters.
StripNonAlphaNumeric
Removes any nonalphanumeric characters from testStr
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Customizing Default Rules and Rule Libraries
Auditor Rules
To achieve a high level of configurability with minimal complexity, Identity
Auditor makes judicious use of rules in audit policy and access scan object
configuration.
Table 2-3 provides an overview of the rules you can use to customize how audit
policy remediation works and how access scans operate.
Table 2-3
Auditor Rule Types Quick Reference
Rule Type
Example Rules
subTypes and authTypes
Purpose
Attestor
Default Attestor
SubType: ATTESTORS_RULE
Automates the attestation process by
specifying a default attestor for
manual entitlements.
AuthType: AccessScanRule
Attestor
Escalation
Audit Policy
Default
EscalationAttestor
Compare Accounts
to Roles
AuthType: AccessScanRule
Automates the attestation process by
specifying a default escalation user for
manual attestation.
SubType:
SUBTYPE_AUDIT_POLICY_RULE
Compares user accounts to accounts
specified by current Roles.
SubType:
AttestorEscalationRule
SubType:
SUBTYPE_AUDIT_POLICY_SOD_RULE
AuthType: AuditPolicyRule
Compare Roles to
Actual Resource
Values
SubType:
SUBTYPE_AUDIT_POLICY_RULE
Compares current resource attributes
with those specified by current Roles.
SubType:
SUBTYPE_AUDIT_POLICY_SOD_RULE
AuthType: AuditPolicyRule
Remediation
User Form
Remediator
SubType: USER_FORM_RULE
AuthType: Not specified
Default Remediator
SubType: REMEDIATORS_RULE
AuthType: AccessScanRule
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Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Automates the attestation process by
allowing audit policy authors to
constrain which part of a user view is
visible when responding to a particular
policy violation.
Automates the remediation process
by specifying a remediator for any
entitlements created in remediating
state.
Customizing Default Rules and Rule Libraries
Table 2-3
Auditor Rule Types Quick Reference(Continued)
Rule Type
Example Rules
subTypes and authTypes
Purpose
Review
Determination
Reject Changed
User
SubType:
REVIEW_REQUIRED_RULE
Automates the attestation process by
automatically rejecting user
entitlement records.
AuthType: AccessScanRule
Review Changed
Users
SubType:
REVIEW_REQUIRED_RULE
AuthType: AccessScanRule
Review Everyone
SubType:
REVIEW_REQUIRED_RULE
AuthType: AccessScanRule
User Scope
All Administrators
SubType: USER_SCOPE_RULE
AuthType: AccessScanRule
ViolationPriority
All
Non-Administrators
SubType: USER_SCOPE_RULE
Users Without a
Manager
SubType: USER_SCOPE_RULE
ViolationPriority
SubType: Not specified
AuthType: AccessScanRule
AuthType: AccessScanRule
AuthType:
EndUserAuditorRule
ViolationSeverity
ViolationSeverity
SubType: Not specified
AuthType:
EndUserAuditorRule
Automates the attestation process by
automatically approving user
entitlement records.
Automates the attestation process by
requiring manual attestation for some
user entitlement records.
Provides flexibility in selecting a list of
users to be scanned by an access
scan.
Provides flexibility in selecting a list of
users to be scanned by an access
scan.
Provides flexibility in selecting a list of
users to be scanned by an access
scan.
Customization — allows the
deployment to specify what are valid
violation priorities and the
corresponding display strings.
Customization — allows the
deployment to specify what are valid
violation severities and the
corresponding display strings.
The following sections provide information about these Identity Auditor rules,
how you might customize them, and why:
•
Attestor Rule
•
Attestor Escalation Rule
•
Audit Policy Rule
•
Remediation User Form Rule
•
Remediator Rule
•
Review Determination Rule
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•
User Scope Rules
•
ViolationPriority Rule
•
ViolationSeverity Rule
•
Sample Auditor Rule Multiple Account Types
Attestor Rule
Every user entitlement that is created in a pending state must be attested by
someone. During an access review, Identity Auditor passes each user view to the
Attestor rule to determine who gets the initial attestation requests.
The idmManager attribute on the WSUser object contains the Identity Manager
account name and ID of the user’s manager.
•
If you define a value for idmManager, the Attestor rule returns idmManager as
the attestor for the user represented by the entitlement record.
•
If the idmManager value is null, the Attestor rule returns Configurator as the
attestor.
You can use alternate implementations to designate both IdmManager and any
Resource owners as attestors (for Resources included in the view). This rule takes
the current user view and a LighthouseContext object as inputs, so you can use
any data known to Identity Manager.
Inputs:
Accepts the following input variables:
•
lhcontext: LighthouseContext
•
userEntitlement: Current user view
You must specify the following for a custom Attestor rule:
SubType:
AuthType:
ATTESTORS_RULE
AccessScanRule
Called: During access scan; after evaluating all audit policies, but before
dispatching the user entitlement
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Returns: A list of zero or more Identity Manager attestor names (users
responsible for attesting a particular user entitlement) or NamedValue pairs.
•
If the result is a string, it must resolve to an Identity Manager account ID.
If delegation is enabled for the access scan, the access scan will use the
delegation settings of the Identity Manager user returned by the code.
•
If the result is a NamedValue, it assumed to be a bound delegation pair
[Delegator, Delegatee], and the access scan will not resolve any further.
NOTE
No checking is performed on NamedValue pairs.
If the rule returns NamedValue pair elements, they are passed on
without validation.
•
If the result is not a valid Identity Manager user name, the rule appends errors
to the scan task results, but the scan thread continues.
•
If the result is a zero-length list, the attestation request remains in pending
state because nobody will process the request.
•
If the result is neither a string or a NamedValue, an exception results and the
scan thread aborts.
Predefined Rule:
Location:
Default Attestor
Compliance > Manage Policies > Access Scan > Attestor Rule
Attestor Escalation Rule
A workflow calls the Attestor Escalation rule when an attestation times out because
the attestor did not take action within a specified period of time. This rule returns
the next person in the escalation chain based on the cycle count.
Inputs:
Accepts the following input variables:
•
wfcontext: WorkflowContext
•
userEntitlement: View of user entitlement, including user view
•
cycle: Escalation level. For the first escalation, the cycle is 1.
•
attestor: Name of attestor who failed to attest before the attestation request
timed out.
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You must specify the following for a custom Attestor Escalation rule:
SubType:
AuthType:
AttestorEscalationRule
AccessScanRule
Called: During an attestation workflow when a workitem times out.
(Default timeout is 0 — never times out).
Returns: A single attestor name or a list of attestor names, which must be valid
Identity Manager account names.
•
If the attestor does not have a manager, the Attestor Escalation rule returns
Configurator.
•
If the result is an invalid account name or null, the attestation workitem is not
escalated.
Predefined Rule:
Default EscalationAttestor
Location: Compliance > Manage Policies > Access Scan > Attestor
Escalation Rule
Audit Policy Rule
An audit policy contains a set of rules that it applies to data representing an object
being audited. Each rule can return a boolean value (plus some optional
information).
To determine whether a policy has been violated, the audit policy evaluates a
logical operation on the results of each rule. If the audit policy has been violated, a
compliance violation object might result, with (typically) one compliance violation
object per policy, rule, or whatever was being audited. For example, an audit policy
with five rules might result in five violations.
Inputs:
None
You must specify the following for a custom Audit Policy rule:
SubTypes:
118
•
SUBTYPE_AUDIT_POLICY_RULE (for an audit policy rule)
•
SUBTYPE_AUDIT_POLICY_SOD_RULE (for an audit policy SOD rule)
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SOD (separation or segregation of duties) rules differ from regular rules in that
they are expected to produce a list element in the rule output. A list element is
not required; but if one is not present, it causes any corresponding violations to
be ignored in SOD reporting.
AuthType:
AuditPolicyRule
NOTE
When you use the Audit Policy Wizard to create an Audit Policy
rule, the wizard uses the AuditPolicyRule authType by default.
If you use the Identity Manager IDE or the Identity Manager
Business Process Editor (BPE) to create an Audit Policy rule, be sure
to specify the AuditPolicyRule authType.
Called:
During an Audit Policy Evaluation
Returns: An audit policy rule must return an integer value, but the value can be
expressed as one of the following:
•
A pure integer:
<i>1</i>
•
An integer within a map of additional data:
<map>
<s>result</s>
<i>1</i>
...
</map>
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If the audit policy returns a map, other elements can affect the resulting
compliance violation. These elements include:
вќЌ
resources element: Causes the compliance violation to refer to two
resources, resource one and resource two. These values must be real
resource names because the compliance violation contains actual object
references (so the names are resolved to IDs). (Default is no resource.)
<s>resources</s>
<list>
<s>resource one</s>
<s>resource two</s>
</list>
вќЌ
severity element: Causes the compliance violation to have the specified
severity. (Default is 1.)
<s>severity</s>
<i>3</i>
вќЌ
priority element: Causes the compliance violation to have the specified
priority. (Default is 1.)
<s>priority</s>
<i>2</i>
вќЌ
violation element: Prevents the audit scanner from creating a rule
violation — even if the audit policy evaluates to true.
By default, if the audit policy evaluates to true, it creates compliance
violations for all rules that return non-zero. Setting this element to zero
allows the rule to return true, but not have a violation created for it.
<s>violation</s>
<i>0</i>
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NOTE
The Audit Policy Wizard only creates rules that reference a single
resource and return an integer value (not a map).
To use any of the preceding map-related features, you must write
the rule yourself. Some very sophisticated audit policy rule
examples are provided in sample/auditordemo.xml.
Predefined Rules:
•
Compare Accounts to Roles: Compares user accounts to accounts specified by
roles. Any account not referenced by a role is considered an error.
•
Compare Roles to Actual Resource Values: Compares current resource
attributes with those specified by current Roles. Any differences are considered
errors, and any resources or resource attributes not specified by a role are
ignored.
Location:
None
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Remediation User Form Rule
The Remediation User Form rule allows audit policy authors to constrain which
part of a user view is visible when they are responding to a particular policy
violation.
When a remediator edits a user during entitlement remediation processing, a JSP
(approval/remModifyUser.jsp) calls the Remediation User Form rule. This rule
allows the access scan to specify an appropriate form for editing a user. If the
remediator has already specified a user form, then the access scan uses that form
instead.
Inputs:
Accepts the item variable (Remediation WorkItem)
You must specify the following for a custom Remediation User Form rule:
Subtype:
USER_FORM_RULE
AuthType:
Not specified
Called: During JSP form processing after the remediator clicks Edit User on the
remediation form.
Returns:
The name of a User Form or a null.
Predefined Rules:
None
Locations:
122
•
Compliance > Manage Policies > Access Scan > Remediation User Form Rule
•
Compliance > Manage Policies > Audit Policy > Remediation User Form Rule
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Customizing Default Rules and Rule Libraries
Remediator Rule
During an access review, every user view is passed to the Remediator rule to
determine who should get the initial remediation requests. This rule is analogous
to the Attestors rule, except the Remediator rule is called when a workitem is
created in the remediating state.
Inputs:
Accepts the following input variables:
•
lhcontext: LighthouseContext
•
userEntitlement: Current user view
You must specify the following for a custom Remediator rule:
SubType:
REMEDIATORS_RULE
AuthType:
AccessScanRule
Called: During access scan, after evaluating all audit policies and before
dispatching the user entitlement
Returns: A list of zero or more Identity Manager remediator names or
NamedValue pairs.
•
If the result is a string, it is resolved to a Identity Manager user, and if
delegation is enabled for the access scan, the user's delegation data is used.
•
If the result is a NamedValue, it is assumed to be a bound delegation pair
[Delegator, Delegatee].
•
If the result is one or more invalid Identity Manager user names, errors
indicating a problem are appended to the scan task results, but the scan thread
continues.
•
If the result is not a string or NamedValue, an exception occurs and the scan
thread aborts.
•
If the results are a zero-length list, the remediation request remains in a
pending state because nobody will process it.
NOTE
No checking is performed on NamedValue pairs. If the rule returns
NamedValue pair elements, they are passed on without validation.
Predefined Rule:
Location:
Default Remediator
Compliance > Manage Policies > Access Scan > Remediator Rule
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Review Determination Rule
During an access review, every user view is passed to the Review Determination
rule to determine whether the corresponding user entitlement record can be
automatically approved or rejected, automatically placed into remediation state, or
if it must be manually attested.
You can use the Review Determination rule to significantly increase the efficiency
of an access review.
If you can encapsulate any institutional knowledge that would allow a user to be
automatically approved or rejected, and express that knowledge in this rule, you
reduce the number of manual attestations needed and improve overall review
performance.
As a further improvement, this rule can return information that will be visible to
the attestors as a “hint.” For example, if the rule noticed that the user has privilege
access to a resource, see attestorHint in Example 1 on page 125.
In addition, the Review Determination rule can access the user view (including any
Compliance Violations) and compare the user’s previous UserEntitlements, which
allows the rule to approve or reject all UserEntitlements that are the same as (or
different from) a previously approved UserEntitlement.
Inputs:
Accepts the following input variables:
•
context: LighthouseContext
•
review.scanId: Current access scan ID
•
review.username: Identity Manager account name of user being scanned
•
review.userId: Identity Manager ID of user being scanned
•
attestors: Attestors’ Identity Manager account names
•
userView: Current user view
You must specify the following for a custom Review Determination rule:
SubType:
AuthType:
REVIEW_REQUIRED_RULE
AccessScanRule
Called: During access scan, after evaluating all audit policies and before
dispatching the user entitlement
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Returns:
•
An integer or a map
If the rule returns an integer, its value is interpreted as follows:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
-1: No attestation required
0: Automatically reject attestation
1: Manual attestation
2: Automatically approve attestation
3: Automatically remediate attestation
When the attestation is set to auto-remediating mode, Identity Manager
creates an AccessReviewRemediation work item and routes the work item
through the Remediator rule associated with the access scan.
•
If the rule returns a map, the output must be similar to one of the following
examples:
Example 1: Manually attests the UserEntitlement. The rule provides a hint to
the manual attestor.
<map>
<result>
<i>1</i>
<s>reason</s>
<s><reason that the attestation was auto-approved/rejected></s>
<s>attestorHint</s>
<s><hint to attestor></s>
</map>
NOTE
The attestorHint value in the output map must be a string or a
list of strings.
Example 2: Automatically rejects the UserEntitlement. The rejection comment
indicates that group membership is disallowed.
<map>
<s>result</s>
<i>0</i>
<s>reason</s>
<s>User belongs to NT group Domain Administrators</s>
</map>
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NOTE
The value of attestorHint is shown to the attestor through the
user interface. The value of reason is recorded in the attestation
history.
Predefined Rules:
•
Reject Changed Users: Automatically rejects user entitlements that have
changed since the last approval state, and automatically approves user
entitlements that are unchanged. All unknown UserViews are forwarded for
manual attestation. Only the accounts section of the User view is compared.
•
Review Changed Users: Automatically approves any users whose account
data has not changed since their last approved entitlement. Users with
changed account data or no approved data are manually attested. Only the
accounts section of the User view is compared.
•
Review Everyone: Forwards all user entitlement records for manual
attestation.
Location: Compliance > Manage Access Scans > Access Scan > Review
Determination Rule
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User Scope Rules
If an access scan has users scoped by a rule, the User Scope rule is evaluated to
determine a list of users to scan.
Inputs:
Accepts the lhcontext variable (LighthouseContext)
You must specify the following for a custom User Scope rule:
SubType:
USER_SCOPE_RULE
AuthType:
AccessScanRule
Called:
At the beginning of an access scan
Returns: An Identity Manager user name or a list of Identity Manager user
names. Each name must be a valid Identity Manager user name.
•
If the results contain any names that cannot be resolved to valid Identity
Manager user names, the rule returns an error.
•
If the results contain any duplicate user names, the rule returns an error.
NOTE
•
An access scan that scans the same user multiple times might
fail to create the attestation workflow for a subsequent instance
of the same user. Therefore, a customized implementation of the
User Scope rule should provide checks to avoid duplicate users
in the output.
•
This rule can return accounts that are not available to the
administrator running the scan. In this case, the scan will
attempt to get the account’s user view and fail; resulting in an
error in the scan task.
Predefined Rules:
•
All Administrators: Returns all users with administrative capabilities
assigned.
•
All Non-Administrators: Returns all users with no administrative capabilities
assigned.
•
Users Without Manager: Returns all user accounts with no manager
(idmManager) assigned.
Location:
Compliance > Manage Access Scans > Access Scan > User Scope Rule
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ViolationPriority Rule
Use the ViolationPriority rule to allow a deployment to specify what the valid
violation priorities are, and what the corresponding display strings will be.
Inputs:
None
You must specify the following for a custom ViolationPriority rule:
SubType:
AuthType:
Called:
Not specified
EndUserAuditorRule
When displaying the violation list and when changing violation priority.
Returns: A list of key/value pairs indicating priority integer value and a
corresponding string. The integer values must be contiguous because the rule
returns a list, not a map.
NOTE
You can customize this rule to change the display value for any
priority setting.
When a ComplianceViolation is created, you can change priority
values in the Remediation WorkItem list viewer. Select one or more
Remediation WorkItems, and then select Prioritize, which enables
you to change priority values.
To see these values in the Remediation WorkItem list view, you
must change the approval/remediate.jsp page by setting the
includeCV option to true (default is false). However, enabling the
more detailed view affects performance, which may be unacceptable
for deployments with lots of Remediations.
The custom value expects the ViolationPriority rule to be an array
rather than a map. So, if you use 100 as the integer value, the rule
must have 200 elements (alternate int/string). The list provides both
string mapping for the integer and populates the selection in the
form where you changed it.
Predefined Rule:
Location:
128
ViolationPriority
Called from the Remediation List Form
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ViolationSeverity Rule
Use the ViolationSeverity rule to allow a deployment to specify what the valid
violation severities are, and what the corresponding display strings will be.
Inputs:
None
You must specify the following for a custom ViolationSeverity rule:
SubType:
AuthType:
Called:
Not specified
EndUserAuditorRule
When displaying the violation list and when changing violation severity.
Returns: A list of key/value pairs indicating severity integer value and a
corresponding string. The integer values must be contiguous because the rule
returns a list, not a map.
NOTE
You can customize this rule to change the display value for any
priority setting.
When a ComplianceViolation is created, you can change severity
values in the Remediation WorkItem list viewer. Select one or more
Remediation WorkItems, and then select Priority, which enables
you to change severity values.
To see these values in the Remediation WorkItem list view, you
must change the approval/remediate.jsp page by setting the
includeCV option to true (default is false). However, enabling the
more detailed view affects performance, which may be unacceptable
for deployments with lots of Remediations.
The custom value expects the ViolationSeverity rule to be an array
rather than a map. So, if you use 100 as the integer value, the rule
must have 200 elements (alternate int/string). The list provides both
string mapping for the integer and populates the selection in the
form where you changed it.
Predefined Rule:
Location:
ViolationSeverity
Called from the Remediation List Form
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Sample Auditor Rule Multiple Account Types
You can use the Sample Auditor Rule Multiple Account Types rule to dynamically
test multiple user accounts per resource. For example,
1.
Set up a resource with multiple account types (see Code Example 2-10).
Code Example 2-10
Sample Auditor Rule Multiple Account Types Rule
<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
<!DOCTYPE Waveset PUBLIC 'waveset.dtd' 'waveset.dtd'>
<Waveset>
<Rule subtype='IdentityRule' name='Administrator Identity'>
<concat>
<s>adm</s>
<ref>attributes.accountId</ref>
</concat>
</Rule>
</Waveset>
2.
Add a user with two accounts on the resource and set up a user form so that
the new resource attributes are directly assigned separately:
account[Simulated Resource].department
account[Simulated Resource|admin].department
3.
Assign different values for each account and test the policy rule.
Location:
130
sample/rules/SampleAuditorRuleMultipleAccountTypes.xml
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Compliance Violation Rules
ComplianceViolations support numeric severity and priority attributes that enable
you to distinguish between violations by severity or priority. You can assign these
attributes to the violation, based on Audit rule output.
For example, if the Audit rule provides the following output, the resulting
ComplianceViolation will have a severity of 3 and a priority of 4.
<map>
<s>result</s>
<i>1</i>
<s>severity</s>
<i>3</i>
<s>priority</s>
<i>4</i>
</map>
The following rules map between a ComplianceViolation’s numeric value and its
display string value:
•
ViolationSeverity: Indicates how serious the violation is.
•
ViolationPriority: Indicates the order in which a ComplianceViolation should
be addressed.
Identity Auditor allows you to customize these rules by changing the display value
for any severity or priority setting.
After a ComplianceViolation is created, you can view and change severity and
priority values in the Remediation WorkItem list viewer by selecting one or more
Remediation WorkItems, and then clicking Prioritize.
NOTE
To view severity and priority values in the Remediation WorkItem
list viewer, you must change the approval/remediate.jsp page to
set the includeCV option to true (default is false).
However, be aware that enabling the more-detailed view affects
performance, which may be unacceptable for deployments with lots
of Remediations.
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DateLibrary
The DateLibrary a default library of rules that control how dates and times are
displayed in a deployment. In the Identity Manager IDE, this library is displayed as
the Date Library library object.
Use these rules to customize how dates and times are displayed:
•
Date Validation: Determines valid date strings.
This rule takes one argument in the form mm/dd/yy. (If month or day values are
provided in with single digits, the rule accounts for them appropriately.)
Returns: A true if the string provided contains valid date components
•
Validate Day Month Year: Determines valid day, month, and year strings.
This rule takes three arguments month, day, and year. If the month or the day
values are provided in with single digits, the rule accounts for them
appropriately.
Returns: A true if the string provided is a valid date
•
Validate Time: Determines valid time strings.
This rule takes one argument in the form HH:mm:ss. If the time string is not in
this format, or the components are out of bounds (for example, if the hour is
less than zero or greater than 23) the rule will return false.
Returns: A true if the string provided is a valid time
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Excluded Resource Accounts Rule SubType
The ExcludedAccountRule subType supports the exclusion of resource accounts
from resource operations.
Inputs:
•
Accepts the following input variables:
accountID: String account ID being tested.
You can compare the accountID parameter to one or more resource accounts
that should be excluded from Identity Manager.
•
operation: Resource operation to be performed.
The rule can use the operation parameter to have finer control over which
resource accounts are exempt from the actions specified by the operation
parameter. If an operation parameter is not used within the rule, all accounts
identified by the rule will be excluded from all the listed operations.
The operation parameter can contain the following values:
вќЌ
create
вќЌ
update
вќЌ
delete
вќЌ
rename (used when the only detected change is a new account ID)
вќЌ
rename_with_update
вќЌ
list
вќЌ
iapi_create (only used within Active Sync)
вќЌ
iapi_update (only used within Active Sync)
вќЌ
iapi_delete (only used within Active Sync)
authType:
ExcludedAccountsRule
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Code Example 2-11 exemplifies subType use, and it excludes specified resource
accounts for UNIX adapters.
Code Example 2-11
Exemplifying Subtype Use
<Rule name='Excluded Resource Accounts' authType='ExcludedAccountsRule'>
<RuleArgument name='accountID'/>
<defvar name 'excludedList'>
<List>
<String>root</String>
<String>daemon</String>
<String>bin</String>
<String>sys</String>
<String>adm</String>
<String>uucp</String>
<String>nuucp</String>
<String>listen</String>
<String>lp</String>
</List>
</defvar>
<cond>
<eq>
<contains>
<ref>excludedList</ref>
<ref>accountID</ref>
</contains>
<i>1</i>
</eq>
<Boolean>true</Boolean>
<Boolean>false</Boolean>
</cond>
</Rule>
Code Example 2-12 illustrates the use of the operation parameter.
This parameter allows the “Test User” resource account to be manipulated —
without impacting Identity Manager — if Active Sync is running against the
resource.
Code Example 2-12
Using the operation Parameter
<Rule name='Example Excluded Resource Accounts'
authType='ExcludedAccountsRule'>
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Code Example 2-12
Using the operation Parameter (Continued)
<!-Exclude all operations on 'Administrator' account
Exclude activeSync events on 'Test User' account
-->
<RuleArgument name='accountID'/>
<RuleArgument name='operation'/>
<!-- List of IAPI Operations -->
<defvar name='iapiOperations'>
<List>
<String>iapi_create</String>
<String>iapi_update</String>
<String>iapi_delete</String>
</List>
</defvar>
<or>
<!-- Always ignore the administrator account. -->
<cond>
<eq>
<s>Administrator</s>
<ref>accountID</ref>
</eq>
<Boolean>true</Boolean>
<Boolean>false</Boolean>
</cond>
<!-- Ignore IAPI events for the 'Test User' account -->
<and>
<cond>
<eq>
<contains>
<ref>iapiOperations</ref>
<ref>operation</ref>
</contains>
<i>1</i>
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Code Example 2-12
Using the operation Parameter (Continued)
</eq>
<Boolean>true</Boolean>
<Boolean>false</Boolean>
</cond>
<cond>
<eq>
<ref>accountID</ref>
<s>Test User</s>
</eq>
<Boolean>true</Boolean>
<Boolean>false</Boolean>
</cond>
</and>
</or>
</Rule>
Naming Rules Library
The Naming Rules Library is a default library of naming rules that enable you to
control how names are displayed after rule processing. In the Identity Manager
IDE, this library is displayed as the NamingRules library object.
Table 2-4 lists the default naming rules.
Table 2-4
136
Default Naming Rules
Rule Name
Description/Output
AccountName — First dot Last
Marcus.Aurelius
AccountName — First initial Last
MAurelius
AccountName — First underscore Last
Marcus_Aurelius
Email
[email protected]
Fullname — First space Last
Marcus Aurelius
Fullname — First space MI space Last
Marcus A Aurelius
Fullname — Last comma First
Aurelius, Marcus
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Customizing Default Rules and Rule Libraries
RegionalConstants Library
The RegionalConstants Library is a default library of regional constants rules that
enable you to control how states, days, months, countries, and provinces are
displayed. In the Identity Manager IDE, this library is displayed as the
RegionalConstants Rules library object.
Table 2-5 lists the default regional constants rules.
Table 2-5
Default Regional Constants Rules
Rule Name
Description
US States
List of the full names of the US states
US State Abbreviations
List of the standard US state abbreviations.
Days of the Week
List of the full names of the seven days of the week.
Work Days
List of the five work days of the week (U.S.)
Months of the Year
List of the full names of the months of the year.
Month Abbreviations
List of the standard abbreviation for the selected month.
Numeric Months of the Year
Returns a list of 12 months.
Days of the Month
Returns a list of 31 days.
Smart Days of the Month
Returns a list based on a numeric month and four-digit year.
Countries
Lists the names, in English, of the countries of the world.
Canadian Provinces
Lists the names, in English, of the Canadian provinces.
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Developing New Rules and Rule Libraries
This section describes how to develop rules for your deployment, and provides the
following information:
•
Understanding Rule Syntax
•
Writing Rules in JavaScript
NOTE
TIP
•
For information about applying rules to a roles, see “Using
Rules in Roles” on page 108 and Sun Java™ System Identity
Manager Administration.
•
For information about adding rules to an existing rule library,
see “Customizing Default Rules and Rule Libraries” on
page 112.
•
For information about using XPRESS to write an expression, see
the XPRESS Language chapter in Sun Javaв„ў System Identity
Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.
When designing a rule, try to maximize the ease with which a less
experienced user could further customize the rule using the Identity
Manager IDE.
A complex rule, with well chosen rule arguments, can be extensively
customized by changing default values, without ever having to
expose XPRESS or JavaScript to the user.
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Understanding Rule Syntax
Rules are typically written in XML and encapsulated in the <Rule> element.
This section covers the following topics:
•
Using the <Rule> Element
•
Returning Fixed Values
•
Referencing Variables
•
Declaring a Rule with Arguments
•
Rules with Side Effects
Using the <Rule> Element
Code Example 2-13 shows the use of the <Rule> element to define a basic rule
expression. The name property identifies the name of the rule. The rule is written
in XPRESS.
Code Example 2-13
Using the <Rule> Element to Define a Basic Rule Expression
<Rule name='getApprover'>
<cond><eq><ref>department></ref><s>sales</s></eq>
<s>Sales Manager</s>
<s>HR Manager</s>
</cond>
</Rule>
Returning Fixed Values
If the rule returns a fixed value, you can write it using XML Object syntax.
Code Example 2-14 returns a list of strings.
Code Example 2-14
Returning a List of Strings
<Rule name='UnixHostList'>
<List>
<String>aas</String>
<String>ablox</String>
<String>aboupdt</String>
</List>
</Rule>
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NOTE
For more information about XML Object syntax, see the XML Object
Language chapter in Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager Workflows,
Forms, and Views.
Referencing Variables
Rules are allowed to reference the value of external variables with a <ref>
expression. The names of the available variables are determined by the context in
which the rule is used. When used within forms, any form field, view attribute, or
variable defined with <defvar> can be referenced. When used within workflow,
any variable defined within the workflow process can be referenced.
In Code Example 2-15, a form uses a rule to calculate an email address. The form
defines the global.firstname and global.lastname fields, and the rule references
those fields. The email address is calculated by concatenating the first letter of
global.firstname with global.lastname and the @example.com string.
Code Example 2-15
Calculating an Email Address
<Rule name='Build Email'>
<concat>
<substr> <ref>global.firstname</ref> <i>0</i> <i>1</i> </substr>
<ref>global.lastname</ref>
<s>@example.com</s>
</concat>
</Rule>
In Code Example 2-16, a workflow uses a rule to test whether a transition to a
particular activity should be taken. The workflow defines a variable named user
that contains the User View. The rule returns true if this user has any NT resources
assigned to them or null if no NT resources are assigned. The workflow engine
interprets null as false and would consequently not take the transition.
Code Example 2-16
Testing a Transition
<Rule name='Has NT Resources'>
<notnull>
<ref>user.accountInfo.types[NT].accounts</ref>
</notnull>
</Rule>
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Developing New Rules and Rule Libraries
Declaring a Rule with Arguments
Though rules are not required to declare arguments, it is considered good practice
to do so. Declaring arguments provides documentation to the rule author, allows
reference validation in the Identity Manager IDE, and allows the rule to be used in
forms and workflows that may not use the same naming convention.
To declare rule arguments, use the <RuleArgument> element. The argument can
have a default value set by specifying a value after the argument name as shown in
the following location argument.
Code Example 2-17
Setting a Default Value
<Rule name='description'>
<RuleArgument name='UserId'/>
<RuleArgument name='location' value='Austin'/>
<concat>
<ref>UserId</ref>
<s>@</s>
<ref>location</ref>
</concat>
</Rule>
NOTE
When defining a rule, use the <Rule> element that has an uppercase
R as in <Rule name='rulename'>. When calling a rule, the XPRESS
<rule> element has a lowercase r, as in <rulename='rulename'>.
You can use this rule in a user form, but UserId and location are not attributes of
the user view. To pass the expected arguments into the rule the <argument>
element is used in the rule call. Note that passing an argument whose name is
location will override the default value declared in the RuleArgument element.
Code Example 2-18
Overriding a Default Value Declared in RuleArgument
<rule name='description'>
<argument name='UserId' value='$(waveset.accountId)'/>
<argument name='location' value='global.location'/>
</rule>
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141
Developing New Rules and Rule Libraries
For more information about calling rules, see “Referencing Rules” on page 144.
There is no formal way to declare argument type, but you can specify type in a
comment field. Use the <Comment> element to include comments in your rule:
Code Example 2-19
Using <Comment> to Include Comments in a Rule
<Comments>
Description rule is expecting 2 arguments. A string value
UserId, which is the employees’ ID number, and a string
value location that describes the building location for
the employee
</Comments>
TIP
If you are using the Identity Manager IDE to edit rules, you might
find it helpful to formally define a list of rule arguments. This list
would consist of the names of variables that are expected to be
available to the rule. You can use them afterwards to perform
validation in the Identity Manager IDE.
Rules with Side Effects
Rules typically return a single value, but in some cases you may want a rule to
return several values. While a rule expression can return only a single value, a rule
can assign values to external variables with the following XPRESS expressions:
•
<setvar>
•
<setlist>
•
<putmap>
In Code Example 2-20, the rule tests the value of the external variable named
department and assigns values to two other variables.
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Developing New Rules and Rule Libraries
Code Example 2-20
Testing the department Variable and Assigning Other Variables
<Rule name='Check Department'>
<switch>
<ref>global.department</ref>
<case>
<s>Engineering</s>
<block>
<setvar name='global.location'>
<s>Building 1</s>
</setvar>
<setvar name='global.mailServer'>
<s>mailserver.somecompany.com</s>
</setvar>
</block>
</case>
<case>
<s>Marketing</s>
<block>
<setvar name='global.location'>
<s>Building 2</s>
</setvar>
<setvar name='global.mailServer'>
<s>mailserver2.somecompany.com</s>
</setvar>
</block>
</case>
</switch>
</Rule>
In the preceding example, the variables global.location and global.mailServer
are both set according to the value of the variable department. In this case, the
return value of the rule is ignored, and the rule is called only for its side effects.
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Referencing Rules
Writing Rules in JavaScript
When rules become complex, you may find it more convenient to write those rules
in JavaScript rather than XPRESS. You can wrap the JavaScript in a <script>
element. For example,
Code Example 2-21
Wrapping JavaScript in a <script> Element
<Rule name='Build Email'>
<script>
var firstname = env.get('firstname');
var lastname = env.get('lastname');
var email = firstname.substring(0, 1) + lastname + "@example.com";
email;
</script>
</Rule>
To reference the values of form and workflow variables, call the env.get function
and pass the variable name. You can use the env.put function to assign variable
names. The value of the last statement in the script becomes the value of the rule. In
the preceding example, the rule will return the value in the email variable.
You can call other rules with the env.call function.
Referencing Rules
You reference rules in a library using an XPRESS <rule> expression. The value of
the name attribute is formed by combining the name of the configuration object
containing the library, followed by a colon, followed by the name of a rule within
the library. Therefore, all rule names in a library must be unique.
For example, the following expression calls the rule named First Dot Last
contained in a library named Account ID Rules:
<rule name='Account ID Rules:First Dot Last'/>
This section provides information about referencing rules. The information is
organized as follows:
144
•
Basic Rule Call Syntax
•
Rule Argument Resolution
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Referencing Rules
Basic Rule Call Syntax
Rules can be called from anywhere XPRESS is allowed, which includes forms,
workflows, or even another rule.
Use the XPRESS <rule> expression to call a rule. For example:
<rule name='Build Email'/>
When the XPRESS interpreter evaluates this expression, it assumes the value of the
name attribute is the name of a rule object in the repository. The rule is
automatically loaded from the repository and evaluated. The value returned by the
rule becomes the result of the <rule> expression.
In the previous example, no arguments are passed explicitly to the rule. The next
example shows an argument passed to the rule using the argument element.
<rule name='getEmployeeId'>
<argument name='accountId' value='jsmith'/>
</rule>
In the previous example, the value of the argument is specified as a static string
jsmith. You can also calculate the value of an argument using an expression.
<rule name='getEmployeeId'>
<argument name='accountId'>
<ref>user.waveset.accountId</ref>
</argument>
</rule>
In the previous example, the argument value is calculated by evaluating a simple
ref expression that returns the value of the view attribute
user.waveset.accountId.
Because calculating argument values by referencing attributes is so common, an
alternate syntax is also provided.
<rule name='getEmployeeId'>
<argument name='accountId' value='$(user.waveset.accountId)'/>
</rule>
The previous examples have the same behavior. They both pass the value of the
view attribute user.waveset.account as the value of the argument.
Chapter 2
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Referencing Rules
Rule Argument Resolution
Most rules contain XPRESS <ref> expressions or JavaScript env.get calls to
retrieve the value of a variable. Several options are available for controlling how
the values of these variables are obtained.
In the simplest case, the application calling the rule will attempt to resolve all
references. For rules called from workflows, the workflow processor will assume
all references are to workflow variables. For rules called from forms, the form
processor will assume all references are to attributes in a view. Rules can also call
another rule by dynamically resolving the called rule’s name.
You can also use the optional <RuleArgument> element, which is described in
“Declaring a Rule with Arguments” on page 141.
This section provides the following information:
•
Calling Scope or Explicit Arguments
•
Local Scope Option
•
Rule Argument Declarations
•
Locked Arguments
Calling Scope or Explicit Arguments
This section provides examples to illustrate rule argument resolution.
Code Example 2-22 illustrates adding a rule to a form that can be used with the
User view because there are attributes names in the view:
Code Example 2-22
Adding a Rule to a Form
<Rule name='generateEmail'>
<concat>
<ref>global.firstname</ref>
<s>.</s>
<ref>global.lastname</ref>
<s>@example.com</s>
</concat>
</Rule>
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Referencing Rules
This rule references two variables:
•
global.firstname
•
global.lastname.
You can call this rule in a Field, as shown in Code Example 2-23:
Code Example 2-23
Calling the Rule in a Field
<Field name='global.email'>
<Expansion>
<rule name='generateEmail'/>
</Expansion>
</Field>
This method can be a convenient way to write simple rules that are used in user
forms only — similar to the concept of global variables in a programming language.
But there are two problems with this style of rule design. First, it is unclear to the
form designer which variables the rule will be referencing. Second, the rule can be
called only from user forms because it references attributes of the user view. The
rule cannot be called from most workflows because workflows usually do not
define variables named global.firstname and global.lastname.
You can address these problems by passing rule arguments explicitly, and by
writing the rule to use names that are not dependent on any particular view.
Code Example 2-24 shows a modified version of the rule that references the
variables firstname and lastname:
Code Example 2-24
Rule Referencing firstname and lastname Variables
<Rule name='generateEmail'>
<concat> \
<ref>firstname</ref>
<s>.</s>
<ref>lastname</ref>
<s>@example.com</s>
</concat>
</Rule>
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Referencing Rules
The rule shown in Code Example 2-25 is simpler and more general because it does
not assume that the rule will be called from a user form. But the rule must then be
called with explicit arguments such as:
Code Example 2-25
Calling the Rule with Explicit Arguments
<Field name='global.email'>
<Expansion>
<rule name='generateEmail'>
<argument name='firstname' value='$(global.firstname)'/>
<argument name='lastname' value='$(global.lastname)'/>
</rule>
</Expansion>
</Field>
The name attribute of the argument elements correspond to the variables referenced
in the rule. The values for these arguments are assigned to values of global
attributes in the user view. This keeps the rule isolated from the naming
conventions used by the calling application, and makes the rule usable in other
contexts.
Local Scope Option
Even when arguments are passed explicitly to a rule, the system by default allows
references to other variables not passed as explicit arguments. Code Example 2-26
shows a workflow action calling the rule but only passing one argument:
Code Example 2-26
Workflow Action Calling the Rule and Passing a Single Argument
<Action>
<expression>
<setvar name='email'>
<rule name='generateEmail'>
<argument name='firstname' value='$(employeeFirstname)'/>
</rule>
</setvar>
</expression>
</Action>
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Referencing Rules
When the rule is evaluated, the workflow processor will be asked to supply a value
for the variable lastname. Even if there is a workflow variable with this name, it
may not have been intended to be used with this rule. To prevent unintended
variable references, rules should be defined with the localScope option.
You enable this option by setting the localScope attribute to true in the Rule
element:
Code Example 2-27
Setting localScope Attribute to true in a Rule Element
<Rule name='generateEmail' localScope='true'>
<concat>
<ref>firstname</ref>
<s>.</s>
<ref>lastname</ref>
<s>@example.com</s>
</concat>
</Rule>
By setting this option, the rule is only allowed to reference values that were passed
explicitly as arguments in the call. When called from the previous workflow action
example, the reference to the lastname variable would return null.
Rules intended for general use in a variety of contexts should always use the local
scope option.
Rule Argument Declarations
Though not required, it is considered good practice to include within the rule
definition explicit declarations for all arguments that can be referenced by the rule.
Argument declarations offer advantages, and can:
•
Serve as documentation for the caller of the rule
•
Define default values
•
Can be used by the Identity Manager IDE to check for misspelled references
within the rule
•
Can be used by the Identity Manager IDE to simplify the configuration of a
rule call
Chapter 2
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149
Referencing Rules
You could rewrite the generateEmail rule as shown in Code Example 2-28:
Code Example 2-28
Rewriting the generateEmail Rule
<Rule name='generateEmail' localScope='true'>
<RuleArgument name='firstname'>
<Comments>The first name of a user</Comments>
</RuleArgument>
<RuleArgument name='lastname'>
<Comments>The last name of a user</Comments>
</RuleArgument>
<RuleArgument name='domain' value='example.com'>
<Comments>The corporate domain name</Comments>
</RuleArgument>
<concat>
<ref>firstname</ref>
<s>.</s>
<ref>lastname</ref>
<s>@</s>
<ref>domain</ref>
</concat>
</Rule>
The Comments element can contain any amount of text that might be useful to
someone examining the rule.
The rule has been modified to define another argument named domain, which is
given a default value of example.com. The default value is used by the rule unless
the caller passes an explicit argument named domain.
The call in Code Example 2-29 produces the string [email protected]:
Code Example 2-29
Producing [email protected] String
<rule name='generateEmail'>
<argument name='firstname' value='john'/>
<argument name='lastname' value='smith'/>
</rule>
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Referencing Rules
The call in Code Example 2-30 produces the string [email protected]:
Code Example 2-30
Producing [email protected] String
<rule name='generateEmail'>
<argument name='firstname' value='john'/>
<argument name='lastname' value='smith'/>
<argument name='domain' value='yourcompany.com'/>
</rule>
The call in Code Example 2-31 produces the string [email protected]:
Code Example 2-31
Producing [email protected] String
<rule name='generateEmail'>
<argument name='firstname' value='john'/>
<argument name='lastname' value='smith'/>
<argument name='domain'/>
</rule>
NOTE
In the previous example, a null value is passed for the domain
argument, but the default value is not used. If you specify an explicit
argument in the call, that value is used even if it is null.
Locked Arguments
Declaring arguments with default values can be a useful technique for making the
development and customization of rules easier. If you have a constant value in a
rule that may occasionally change, it is easier to locate and change if the value is
defined in an argument rather than embedded deep within the rule expression.
The Identity Manager IDE provides a simplified GUI for configuring rules by
changing the default values of arguments which is much easier than editing the
entire rule expression.
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Referencing Rules
But once an argument is declared, it is possible for the caller of the rule to override
the default value by passing an explicit argument. You may not wish the caller to
have any control over the value of the argument. This can be prevented by locking
the argument. Arguments are locked by including the attribute locked with a value
of true in the RuleArgument element (see Code Example 2-32):
Code Example 2-32
Locking an Argument
<Rule name='generateEmail' localScope='true'>
<RuleArgument name='firstname'>
<Comments>The first name of a user</Comments>
</RuleArgument>
<RuleArgument name='lastname'>
<Comments>The last name of a user</Comments>
</RuleArgument>
<RuleArgument name='domain' value='example.com' locked='true'>
<Comments>The corporate domain name</Comments>
</RuleArgument>
<concat>
<ref>firstname</ref>
<s>.</s>
<ref>lastname</ref>
<s>@</s>
<ref>domain</ref>
</concat>
</Rule>
In the preceding example, the argument domain is locked, which means its value
will always be example.com, even if the caller tries to pass an value for the
argument. If this rule is to be used at a site whose domain name is not
example.com, all the administrator needs to do is edit the rule and change the value
of the argument. There is no need to understand or modify the rule expression.
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Securing Rules
Securing Rules
You should secure a rule so it cannot be used in an unintended way if that rule
contains sensitive information such as credentials or it calls out to a Java utility that
can have dangerous side effects.
Securing rules is especially important if the rules are called from forms. Form rules
run above the session, so exposed rules are available to anyone capable of creating
a session — either through the API or a SOAP request.
This section provides the following information:
•
Securing a Rule
•
Creating Rules that Reference More Secure Rules
Securing a Rule
To secure a rule:
•
Place the rule in an appropriate organization. Rules are often put in the
organization named All so that everyone can access them. This is convenient
for simple rules that perform calculations but have no side effects.
•
Do not put sensitive rules in All. Instead, consider placing them in Top or
another suitably high level organization so that only high level administrators
can execute them directly.
Creating Rules that Reference More Secure
Rules
When you call a rule, you are first authorized for that rule. If authorized, that rule
can then call other rules without further checking authorization. This allows users
to be given indirect access to secure rules. The user cannot view or modify the
contents of the secure rule. They can call it only through a rule to which they have
been given access.
To create a rule that references a more secure rule, the user creating the rule must
control both of the organizations that contain the rules. Typically, the secure rule is
in a high level organization such as Top. The insecure rules are then placed in a
lower level organization to which more users have access.
Chapter 2
Working with Rules
153
Securing Rules
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Chapter 3
Working with Variable Namespaces
This chapter provides an overview of common Identity Manager tasks and
processes, how they are typically used, and the namespace in which they run.
The information is organized as follows:
•
Active Sync
•
Interactive Edits
•
Load Operations
•
Reconciliation Rules
•
SPML
•
X.509 Integration
•
Miscellaneous Variable Contexts
155
Active Sync
Active Sync
The following table provides information about the common Identity Manager
processes or tasks related to the Active Sync category:
Table 3-1
Active Sync Processes/Tasks
Process or Task Running
How it is Used
Namespace
ActiveSync IAPIUser
•
Processes user-related changes on
a particular resource.
Merges attributes from the ActiveSync event
into the User view.
•
Performs actions directly on the full
User view before launching the
designated workflow process.
Typical attributes on the Input Form include:
ActiveSync IAPIProcess
156
•
accounts[*].*
•
waveset.*
•
accountInfo.*
•
activeSync.<LHS Attr Name>
•
activeSync.resourceName
•
activeSync.resourceId
•
activeSync.resource
•
display.session
(session for Proxy Admin)
•
global.<LHS Attr Name>
(if set globals flag is set on resource)
•
Processes generic events on a
resource by creating a Process
view.
Launches the specified task with ActiveSync
poll attributes dumped into top-level
workflow global attribute.
•
Top-level fields in Process view are
arbitrary inputs to the task.
Workflow attributes assume the form:
global.<LHS Attr Name>
•
Collects attributes related to
launching the task under the global
attribute.
•
Writes the workflow to retrieve
inputs from under global rather than
as top-level attributes.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Interactive Edits
Interactive Edits
The following table provides information about the common Identity Manager
processes or tasks related to the interactive edits category:
Table 3-2
Interactive Edits Processes/Tasks
Process or Task Running
How it is Used
Namespace
Administrator Interface
Forms
View/form interactions through the
Administrator Interface JSPs for
launching requests (no workflow has
been launched yet)
The view is edited directly, so typical attribute
names of the form:
Does not apply to approval pages
WorkItems
Launched using the <ManualAction>
directive. Applies to both custom
tasks and administrator approvals.
The form associated with a specified
workflow can set the base context to
variables.user. This eliminates the
need to put user.variables in the
variable name.
Role-defined Assigned
Resource Attribute Value
Rule
Rule is attached to Role definitions
and evaluated when the view is
refreshed to assign values to
resource account attributes.
•
accounts[*].*
•
waveset.*
•
accountInfo.*
•
:display.session (session for admin)
The WorkItem is the name space, so typical
attribute names of the form:
•
complete (WorkItem attribute)
•
variables.* (task variables)
•
variables.<view>.accounts[*].*
•
variables.<view>.waveset.*
•
variables.<view>.accountInfo.*
•
:display.session (session for Owner)
Regardless of the calling context, the rule is
applied directly to the view. Consequently,
expect typical view attribute names of the form:
•
accounts[*].*
•
waveset.*
•
accountInfo.*
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Working with Variable Namespaces
157
Load Operations
Load Operations
The following table provides information about the common Identity Manager
processes or tasks related to the load operations category:
Table 3-3
Load Operations Processes/Tasks
Process or Task
How it is Used
Namespace
Load from File
Retrieves account information from a CVS or XML
file (invoked through Administrator Interface).
All attribute values for each line in the file
are pulled into the global namespace:
Identity Manager reads a WSUser object from a file,
converts it to the User view, and applies the form.
The attributes are processed as if they were
extended attributes of the Identity Manager user.
Attributes are put in accounts[Lighthouse] and
will only be put under the global attribute if the
form defines global fields for each of them.
global.<attr name>
Retrieves account information from a particular
resource (invoked through Administrator Interface
and uses an adapter to list and fetch accounts).
All attribute values for each account on
the resource are pulled into the global
namespace.
Load from Resource
Note: Applies to create operations only.
global.<LHS Attr Name>
Note: Applies to create operations only.
Bulk Operations
Retrieves commands and User view data from a
CVS file (invoked through Administrator
Interface).
You can specify any attribute in the User view
namespace. Attribute names are specified using
the view path syntax. See “Understanding the
User View” in the Identity Manager Technical
Deployment Overview for more information about
the User view namespace and view path syntax
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Attribute values from the file are pulled
into the global namespace:
•
accounts[*].*
•
waveset.*
•
accountInfo.*
•
global.*
Note: There is no authorized session
available.
Load Operations
NOTE
Identity Attributes can now be applied during Load from File and
Load from Resource operations when you add Load from File and
Load from Resource to the list of enabled applications for the
identity attributes.
When enabled for Load from File and Load from Resource, these
pages do not display options for selecting a User Form, Update
Attributes, or Merge Attributes. If you select Update Accounts,
Identity Manager fully processes all identity attributes and
re-provisions accounts. Otherwise, only those attributes that are
sourced from the resource being loaded (and flow to the identity
user) are processed.
During Reconciliation, Identity Manager applies identity attributes
only for the following Reconciliation Responses:
•
Create user based on resource account
•
Create resource account for user
Chapter 3
Working with Variable Namespaces
159
Reconciliation Rules
Reconciliation Rules
The following table provides information about the common Identity Manager
processes or tasks related to the reconciliation rules category:
Table 3-4
Reconciliation Rules Processes/Tasks
Process or Task Running
How it is Used
Namespace
Correlation Rule
Invoked during reconciliation to
associate a resource account with
one (or more) Identity Manager users
All attribute values for the resource account
defined in the schema are provided in the form
account.<LHS Attr Name>
Returns:
Confirmation Rule
Invoked during reconciliation if the
Correlation Rule results in multiple
matches. The resource account is
compared against each correlated
Identity Manager user.
•
Matching Identity Manager user name
•
List of AttributeConditions or WSAttributes
that are used to search for matching
Identity Manager user
All attribute values for the resource account and
all attributes in the user view are provided in the
form:
•
account.<LHS Attr Name>
•
user.accounts[*].*
•
user.waveset.*
•
user.accountInfo.*
Returns: Logical true or false (1 or 0)
depending on whether there is a match
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Reconciliation Rules
NOTE
Identity Attributes can now be applied during Reconciliation
operations if you add Reconciliation to the list of enabled
applications for the identity attributes.
When enabled for Reconciliation, these pages do not display options
for selecting a User Form, Update Attributes, or Merge Attributes. If
you select Update Accounts, Identity Manager fully processes all
identity attributes and re-provisions accounts. Otherwise, only those
attributes that are sourced from the resource being loaded (and flow
to the identity user) are processed.
During Reconciliation, Identity Manager applies identity attributes
only for the following Reconciliation Responses:
•
Create user based on resource account
•
Create resource account for user
Chapter 3
Working with Variable Namespaces
161
SPML
SPML
The following table provides information about the common Identity Manager
processes or tasks related to the SPML category:
Table 3-5
SPML Processes/Tasks
Process or Task Running
How it is Used
Namespace
Person object class
Generic implementation of SPML
interface. SPMLPerson Form,
identified in SPML Configuration
object, specifies mapping from a flat
namespace of SPML schema to view
attributes.
Pairs of mapping fields provided in form. Fields
with
•
<Derivation> expressions set response
schema attribute to view attribute. Fields
with Derivations will have flat names, but
reference view paths in their derivation
expression.
•
<Expansion> expressions push request
schema attribute to view attribute. Fields
with Expansions will have path names, but
reference flat names in their Expansion
expression.
The namespace for the view attribute consists
of the accounts, waveset, accountInfo
namespace attributes. The namespace of
SPML schema attributes consists of a flat
namespace.
Any request with form
parameter set to view
162
No form processing
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
View attributes are set directly:
•
accounts[*].*
•
waveset.*
•
accountInfo.*
X.509 Integration
X.509 Integration
The following table provides information about the common Identity Manager
processes or tasks related to the X.509 integration category:
Table 3-6
X.509 Integration Processes/Tasks
Process or Task Running
How it is Used
Namespace
Login Correlation Rule
Provides mechanism for resolving
conflicting Identity Manager user
entries (rule incorporates standard
X.509 certificate).
Provide standard certification fields plus critical
and non-critical extension properties.
Certification properties assume the form
cert.<field name>.<subfield name>:
•
cert.subjectDN
•
cert.issuerDN
Note: There is no authorized session available.
Returns:
New User Name Rule
If no user is correlated using Login
Correlation Rule, provides
mechanism for setting the name for
a new Identity Manager user from
the certification information.
•
AttributeCondition
•
list of AttributeConditions
See Login Correlation Rule
Returns: name (or accountId) to use for the
Identity Manager user
Chapter 3
Working with Variable Namespaces
163
Miscellaneous Variable Contexts
Miscellaneous Variable Contexts
The following table provides information about the common Identity Manager
tasks or processes related to the miscellaneous variable contexts category:
Table 3-7
Miscellaneous Variable Contexts Processes/Tasks
Process or Task Running
How It is Used
Namespace
Launch Forms
Embedded in a TaskDefinition for the
purpose of initializing the Executor
Any field elements specified are assimilated
directly into the task context, and, if launching
a workflow task, are available as top-level
variables.
User Members Rule
Defined specifically for organizations
that must dynamically return the list of
member users.
User view of authenticated administrator (no
resource account attributes fetched) plus the
administrator’s session:
This rule cannot fetch against the
repository. Instead, it is limited to
FormUtil.getResourceObjects calls,
such as finding all the entries in a
specified directory OU.
•
accounts[Lighthouse].*
•
waveset.*
•
accountInfo.*
•
context (authenticated administrator’s
session)
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Chapter 4
Developing Adapters
This chapter describes how to construct your own custom Sun Javaв„ў System
Identity Manager resource adapter that is tailored to your company or customer.
Specifically, this chapter:
•
Identifies mechanisms you can use to establish and maintain connections
between Identity Manager and external resources
•
Provides an introduction to resource adapter Java file structure
•
Describes how to create, test, and load a resource adapter
This information is organized as follows:
•
Overview
•
Preparing to Create a Custom Adapter
•
Getting Familiar with Your Resource Adapter
•
Writing Adapter Methods
•
Installing the Custom Adapter
•
Maintaining the Custom Adapter
•
Testing Your Adapter
You are encouraged to use the sample adapters (called skeleton adapters) that ship
with the product as a starting point for your own custom adapter. To enhance your
understanding of these valuable starter files, this chapter uses them frequently to
exemplify particular characteristics of resource adapter files.
165
Overview
Overview
This section provides an overview of basic issues related to adapter purpose and
function with Identity Manager. It covers the following topics:
•
Who Should Read this Chapter?
•
What is a Resource Adapter?
•
How Do Active Sync-Enabled Adapters and Standard Adapters Differ?
•
How Standard Resource Adapters Work
•
How Active Sync-Enabled Adapters Work
Who Should Read this Chapter?
This chapter provides background that describes overall resource adapter design
and operation that may be useful to:
•
Developers working to create their own custom resource adapter
•
Identity Manager administrators who are learning how the Identity Manager
system works or how to troubleshoot problems with resource adapters.
This chapter assumes that you are familiar with creating and using the built-in
Identity Manager resources and familiar with the topics discussed in the Resources
chapter of Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager Administration.
What is a Resource Adapter?
Each resource that you want Identity Manager to communicate with or manage
must be defined by a resource object in Identity Manager. Identity Manager requires
a resource object for each resource that it must manage. A resource adapter class
contains the methods needed to register the resource object in the Identity Manager
repository and to manage the external resource.
An adapter’s primary purpose is to define the essential characteristics of this
resource type. This information is saved in the Identity Manager repository as a
resource object.
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Overview
Resource objects define the capabilities and configuration of the resource you are
managing in Identity Manager, including the information described in Table 4-1.
Table 4-1
Information Defined by Resource Objects
Type of Information
Sample Attributes
Connection information
•
Host name
•
Administrative account name
•
Administrative account Password
•
First name
•
Last name
•
Phone numbers
•
List of approvers
•
Password policy for the resource
•
How many times to repeat attempts when contacting the
resource
User attributes
Identity Manager attributes
Your customized adapter provides the means to define these essential
characteristics as well as the methods to transform requests from Identity Manager
into actions performed on the resource.
NOTE
You can view resource objects from the Identity Manager
Administrator Interface from the Debug page.
A resource adapter serves as a proxy between Identity Manager and an external
resource, such as an application or database. A resource adapter class implements
the methods needed to push information from Identity Manager to the resource or
optionally pull information from the resource into Identity Manager. The optional
pull capability is known as Active Sync. A resource adapter with Active Sync
capability is referred to as Active Sync-enabled.
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Overview
Identity Manager supplies Active Sync-enabled adapters for some common
resources, such as Active Directory, and supplies standard resource adapters for
many other resource types, including Web servers, Web applications, databases,
and even legacy applications and operating systems. The resource adapters
supplied with Identity Manager provide a generic interface to each of the different
resource types that Identity Manager supports. Given an instance of one of these
supported resource types, the resource adapter can communicate with and manage
the real-world resource.
The open architecture of Identity Manager allows for custom resource adapters in
order to permit management of external resources that are not already supported
by supplied resource adapters. The mechanism for creating new custom resource
adapter types are discussed later in this chapter.
How Do Active Sync-Enabled Adapters
and Standard Adapters Differ?
A resource adapter can be a standard adapter and/or an Active Sync-enabled
adapter. In Java terms, a resource adapter extends the ResourceAdapterBase class
to be a standard resource adapter, and implements the Active Sync interface to be
Active Sync-enabled.
Active Sync-enabled adapters can retrieve information from the source. They are
typically either driven by events or poll the resource for information. Standard
resource adapters push changes to account information to the external resource
managed by Identity Manager.
Standard resource adapters propagate changes from Identity Manager to their
managed resources. The typical administrative activities that resource adapters
perform include:
168
•
Create, delete, or modify a user
•
Enable, disable, and get a user
•
Manage objects such as group membership or directory organization structure
•
Authenticate users
•
Connect to and disconnect from resource
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Overview
Active Sync-enabled adapters can gather the data changes directly from the
resource to initiate activities in Identity Manager. These activities include:
•
Polling or receiving event notification of a change
•
Issuing an action to create, update, or delete the resource account
•
Editing or creating a user with a custom form
•
Saving the changes to the resources
•
Logging information about the progress and any errors that occur
Types of Resources Monitored by Active Sync-Enabled Adapters
Active Sync-enabled adapters are especially suitable for supporting the following
resource types:
•
Applications with audit or notification interfaces. Microsoft Active Directory
and PeopleSoft, for example, have external interfaces that you can configure to
notify another application or add an event to an audit log when specified
changes occur.
For example, when a user account is modified natively on the Active Directory
server, the transaction is recorded in an audit log. The Identity Manager Active
Directory resource can be configured to review this log every 30 minutes and
any changes found will trigger events in Identity Manager.
Other Active Sync-enabled adapters can be registered with the resource
through an API. The adapter is then notified with an event message when
changes occur to items. These messages contain a reference to the item that has
changed, the information that is updated, and often the user that made the
change. For example, the LDAP resource uses the notification implementation
of Active Sync-enabled adapters.
•
Databases populated with update information. Database resources can also
be managed by using a table of deltas. You can generate this table through
several different ways. For example, you could compare a snapshot of the
database to the current values and creating a new table with the differences.
The adapter can then pull the rows from the table of deltas, process them, and
subsequently mark them when completed.
•
Databases with modification timestamps. A third type of Active
Sync-enabled adapter is one that can query for database entries that have been
modified after a particular time, run updates, and then poll for new queries.
By storing the last successfully processed row, Identity Manager can perform a
“starts with” query to minimize polling impact. Only the changes that have
been made to the resource because the last time are returned for processing.
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Overview
How Standard Resource Adapters Work
This section presents an overview of the basic steps of standard adapter processing.
All standard resource adapters follow these general steps when pushing
information from Identity Manager to the resource managed by Identity Manager:
1.
Identity Manager server initializes the resource manager.
All available resource types are registered through the Resource Adapter
interface. As part of the registration process, the resource adapter provides a
prototype XML definition.
2.
User initiates process of creating a new resource.
When an Identity Manager administrator creates a new resource, the task
which is creating the form to display the prototype definition for the resource
type is queried for the resource attribute fields. Identity Manager uses these
attributes to display a form on the browser. The user who is creating the new
resource fills in the information and clicks Save.
3.
Identity Manager saves the entered information along with the other resource
fields in the resource object repository under the name of the new resource
object.
When the user clicks Save during resource creation, the creation task gathers
the entered data, executes any necessary validation, then serializes the data via
XML before writing the serialized object to the object repository.
4.
Identity Manager displays the list of available resources in a multi-selection
box when an Identity Manager user is created, or modified.
Selecting a resource causes Identity Manager to query the resource object for
the available account attribute fields. Identity Manager uses these field
descriptions to display a form that contains the attribute fields, which the user
can fill in with the appropriate data.
170
5.
The resource object is queried for the connection information when this form is
saved, and a connection is established with the resource.
6.
The adapter sends the command to perform the intended action on the account
on the resource over this connection.
7.
If this is a create request, the Identity Manager user object is updated with the
resource account information.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Overview
When user account information is displayed, Identity Manager requests the list
of resources on which the user has accounts from the saved account object. For
each resource, Identity Manager queries the resource object and uses the
connection information to establish a connection to the resource.
The adapter sends a command over this connection to retrieve account
information for the user, and it uses the retrieved information to fill in the
attribute fields that are defined in the resource object. The system creates a
form to display these values.
How Active Sync-Enabled Adapters Work
This section describes:
•
Basic Active Sync-Enabled Adapter Processing
•
Identifying the Identity Manager User
Basic Active Sync-Enabled Adapter Processing
All Active Sync-enabled adapters follow the following basic steps when listening
or polling for changes to the resource managed by Identity Manager. When the
adapter detects that a resource has changed, the Active Sync-enabled adapter:
1.
Extracts the changed information from the resource.
2.
Determines which Identity Manager object is affected.
3.
Builds a map of user attributes to pass to the IAPIFactory.getIAPI method,
along with a reference to the adapter and a map of any additional options,
which creates an Identity Application Programming Interface (IAPI) object.
4.
Sets the logger on the IAPI event to the adapter’s Active Sync logger.
5.
Submits the IAPI object to the Active Sync Manager.
6.
Active Sync Manager processes the object and returns to the adapter a
WavesetResult object that informs the Active Sync-enabled adapter if the
operation succeeds. This object can contain many results from the various steps
that the Identity Manager system uses to update the identity. Typically, a
workflow also handles errors within Identity Manager, often ending up as an
Approval for a managing administrator.
Exceptions are logged in the Active Sync and Identity Manager tracing logs with
the ActiveSyncUtil.logResourceException method.
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Overview
Identifying the Identity Manager User
When the Active Sync-enabled adapter detects a change to an account on a
resource, it either maps the incoming attributes to an Identity Manager user, or
creates an Identity Manager user account if none can be matched.
The following parameters determine what happens when a change is detected.
Table 4-2
Active Sync-Enabled Adapter Parameters
Parameter
Description
Process Rule
Either the name of a TaskDefinition, or a rule that returns the name of a TaskDefinition, to run for
every record in the feed. The process rule gets the resource account attributes in the Active
Sync namespace, as well as the resource ID and name.
A process rule controls all functionality that occurs when the system detects any change on the
resource. It is used when full control of the account processing is required. As a result, a process
rule overrides all other rules.
If a process rule is specified, the process will be run for every row regardless of any other
settings on this adapter.
At minimum, a process rule must perform the following functions:
•
Query for a matching User view.
•
If the User exists, checkout the view. If not, create the User.
•
Update or populate the view.
•
Checkin the User view.
It is possible to synchronize objects other than User, such as LDAP Roles.
Confirmation Rule
Rule that is evaluated for all users returned by a correlation rule. For each user, the full user
view of the correlation Identity Manager identity and the resource account information (placed
under the “account.” namespace) are passed to the confirmation rule. The confirmation rule is
then expected to return a value which may be expressed like a Boolean value. For example,
“true” or “1” or “yes” and “false” or “0” or null.
For the Database Table, Flat File, and PeopleSoft Component Active Sync adapters, the default
confirmation rule is inherited from the reconciliation policy on the resource.
The same confirmation rule can be used for reconciliation and Active Sync.
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Table 4-2
Active Sync-Enabled Adapter Parameters (Continued)
Parameter
Description
Correlation Rule
If no Identity Manager user's resource information is determined to own the resource account,
the Correlation Rule is invoked to determine a list of potentially matching users/accountIDs or
attribute conditions, used to match the user, based on the resource account attributes (in the
account namespace).
Returns one of the following types of information that can be used to correlate the entry with an
existing Identity Manager account:
•
Identity Manager user name
•
WSAttributes object (used for attribute-based search)
•
List of AttributeCondition or WSAttribute-type items (AND-ed attribute-based search)
•
List of String-type items (each item is the Identity Manager ID or the user name of an
Identity Manager account)
If more than one Identity Manager account can be identified by the correlation rule, a
confirmation rule or resolve process rule is required to handle the matches.
For the Database Table, Flat File, and PeopleSoft Component Active Sync adapters, the default
correlation rule is inherited from the reconciliation policy on the resource.
The same correlation rule can be used for reconciliation and Active Sync.
Delete Rule
A rule that can expect a map of all values with keys of the form activeSync. or account. pulled
from an entry or line in the flat file. A LighthouseContext object (display.session) based on the
proxy administrator’s session is made available to the context of the rule. The rule is then
expected to return a value which may be expressed like a Boolean value. For example, “true” or
“1” or “yes” and “false” or “0” or null.
If the rule returns true for an entry, the account deletion request will be processed through forms
and workflow, depending on how the adapter is configured.
Resolve Process
Rule
Name of the TaskDefinition or a rule that returns the name of a TaskDefinition to run in case of
multiple matches to a record in the feed. The Resolve Process rule gets the resource account
attributes as well as the resource ID and name.
This rule is also needed if there were no matches and Create Unmatched Accounts was not
selected.
This workflow can be a process that prompts an administrator for manual action.
Create Unmatched
Accounts
If set to true, creates an account on the resource when no matching Identity Manager user is
found. If false, the account is not created unless the process rule is set and the workflow it
identifies determines that a new account is warranted. The default is true.
Populate Global
If set to true, populates the global namespace in addition to the ActiveSync namespace. The
default value is false.
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Preparing to Create a Custom Adapter
The presence of a Process Rule determines whether IAPIProcess is used, or
IAPIUser is attempted. If Identity Manager cannot use IAPIUser because a
correlation or confirmation rule did not uniquely identify an Identity Manager user
for the event given the other parameter settings, and a Resolve Process Rule is
configured, it is used to create an IAPIProcess event. Otherwise an error condition
is reported.
IAPIUser checks out a view and makes this view available to the user form. For
creates and updates, the User view is checked out. For deletes, the deprovision
view is checked out. However, a view is not available with IAPIProcess. Either a
Process rule has been set, or a Resolve Process rule is invoked.
Preparing to Create a Custom Adapter
The following section describes an approach to begin developing your custom
adapter.
•
Understanding Your Resource
•
What’s in the Resource Extension Facility (REF) Kit?
•
Getting Started
Understanding Your Resource
This section helps you prepare to edit the adapter file, including:
174
•
Getting to Know Your Resource
•
Additional Preparations
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Preparing to Create a Custom Adapter
Getting to Know Your Resource
Use the following questions to help gather information and define prerequisites.
Which type of default Identity Manager resource adapter does your planned
adapter most closely resemble?
See Table 4-4 on page 179 for a brief description of the adapter files that are
shipped with the standard Identity Manager configuration. Select the Identity
Manager adapter file that most closely matches the resource type to which you are
connecting.
What are the characteristics of user accounts on the resource? How do you
perform basic tasks on the resource?
You should find out how to perform the following tasks on the remote resource:
•
Authenticate access to the remote resource
•
Update user
•
Search for changes to users (Active Sync-enabled only)
•
Get the details on the changed users
•
List all users on the system
•
Identify a way to search for changed users only. (Active Sync-enabled only)
•
List other system objects such as groups, which are used in the
listAllObjects method
You will also need to identify the minimum attributes needed to perform an action
as well as all supported attributes.
Do you have appropriate tools to support connection to the resource?
Many resources are shipped with a set of APIs or a complete toolkit that you can
use when integrating an outside application to the resource. Find out if your
resource has a published set of APIs or if the toolkit provides documentation and
tools to speed up integration with Identity Manager. For example, for databases,
you will need to connect to the database through JDBC.
Who can login and search for users on the resource? How do they do so?
Most resource adapters require an administrative account that they can run as to
perform tasks such as searching for users and retrieving their attributes. This is
often a highly privileged, or super user, account but may be a delegated
administration account with read-only access.
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Preparing to Create a Custom Adapter
Can the resource be customized to add additional attributes?
Most resources allow you to extend the built-in attributes. For example, Active
Directory and LDAP both allow the creation of custom attributes.
Consider which attributes you want this resource to maintain in Identity Manager,
what their names are on the resource and how you want them named in Identity
Manager. The attribute names will go in the schema map and end up as inputs to
the form that is used when creating a resource of that type.
Which attributes/actions on the source will create an event? (Active
Sync-Enabled)
If the resource supports subscribing to notification messages when changes are
made (such as LDAP), identify which attribute changes you want to trigger the
notification and which attributes you want in the message.
Which action will Identity Manager take when an event on the source is
detected? (Active Sync-enabled)
These actions can include:
•
Create, update, or delete a user
•
Disable or enable accounts
•
Update the answers used to authenticate a user
•
Update a phone number
Do you want your Active Sync-enabled adapter to be driven by events in the
external resource or by set polling intervals?
Before you make your decision, consider how polling works within typical Identity
Manager installations. Although some installations implement or are driven by
external events, most environments in which Identity Manager is deployed use a
hybrid method.
You can choose one of the following approaches:
•
176
Setting Up Polling Intervals. The poll interface can be called by an
ActiveSyncManager thread at a configurable interval or on a specified
schedule. You can set polling parameters, including settings such as faster
polling if work was received, thread-per-adapter or common thread, and limits
on the amount of concurrent operations.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Preparing to Create a Custom Adapter
•
Setting Up an Event-Driven Environment. Adapters can also be purely
event-driven. In this model, the adapter sets up a listening connection (such as
an LDAP listener) and waits for messages from the remote system. In this case,
the poll method can be implemented to do nothing, and the polling interval
set to an arbitrary value, such as once a week. If the updates are event-driven,
they must have a guaranteed delivery mechanism (such as MQ Series) or
synchronization will be lost.
•
Implementing a Hybrid Solution. In this scenario, external events can trigger
smart polling, and the regular poll routine can recover from missed messages.
(Smart polling is adapting the poll rate to the change rate and polling
infrequently unless changes are being made often. It balances the performance
impact of frequent polling with the update delays of infrequent polling.)
In this model, incoming messages can be queued and multiple updates for a
single object can be collapsed into a single update, increasing efficiency. For
example, multiple attributes can be updated on a directory, and each one
triggers a message. The poll routine can walk the message queue and remove
all duplicates, then fetch the complete object. This ensures that the latest data is
synchronized and the updates are handled efficiently.
Additional Preparations
After using the preceding questions to profile your resource, continue your
preparations by completing the following steps:
1.
Identify the list of methods that you must write.
The most time-intensive part of creating an adapter file is writing your own
methods for pushing information from Identity Manager to the resource or
creating a feed from the resource into Identity Manager.
The methods you include in your Java file depend in part upon which type of
resource you are creating a connection to.
2.
Review the Identity Manager JavaDoc.
The relevant JavaDoc are included on your product CD and identify the base
classes and methods that you will use as is or those that you will need to
extend.
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Preparing to Create a Custom Adapter
What’s in the Resource Extension Facility
(REF) Kit?
The Sun Resource Extension Facility Kit (provided in the /REF directory on your
product CD or with your install image) is your guide to creating your custom
resources. This REF Kit provides the example code and tools you need to create
custom resource and Active Sync-enabled adapters.
Table 4-3 describes the file and directory categories provided in the REF Kit.
Table 4-3
REF Kit Files and Directories
Component
Location
Description
waveset.properties
REF/config
Contains a copy of the properties file you need when testing
your custom adapter.
Javadocs
REF/javadoc
Contains the generated JavaDoc that describe the classes
you should work with when writing a custom adapter. To
begin viewing these JavaDoc, point your browser to:
REF/javadoc/index.html
source files
REF
Provides several sample resource adapter source files to use
as a guide when creating your own adapter.
Test source files
REF/test
Contains sample resource adapter test source files to use as
a basis for your custom adapter.
lib
REF/lib
Contains the jar files you need to compile and test a custom
adapter.
Before You Begin.README
REF
Provides a one-page outline describing how to customize an
adapter.
Design-for-Resource-Adapters.htm
Introduces the basic architecture of a resource adapter.
Resource Adapter Samples
The Ref kit provides sample adapter files and tools that you can use to jump-start
the process of creating your own custom adapter. The resource source files give
you an example of the different types of resources that are commonly developed.
The Ref kit also provides a set of skeleton files that are intended for you to use as
the basis for your adapter development.
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Table 4-4 describes the sample files provided in the REF Kit.
Table 4-4
Resource Adapter Sample Files
Type of Sample File
File Name
Database accounts
MySQLResourceAdapter.java
Database tables
ExampleTableResourceAdapter.java*
File-based accounts
XMLResourceAdapter.java
LDAP accounts
Two examples for developing custom LDAP resource adapters:
UNIX accounts
Skeleton files
•
For simple methods, base the adapter on LDAPResourceAdapter.java.
•
For complex changes, base the adapter on LDAPResourceAdapterBase.java.
AIXResourceAdapter.java
•
For standard resources: SkeletonStandardResourceAdapter.java
•
For standard and Active Sync-enabled resources:
SkeletonStandardAndActiveSyncResourceAdapter.java
•
For Active Sync-only resources: SkeletonActiveSyncResourceAdapter.java
To create unit tests for a custom adapter, use test.SkeletonResourceTest.java file
NOTE
For table-based resources, use the Resource Adapter Wizard to
create the adapter instead of writing a custom adapter.
See the “Configuration” chapter in Identity Manager Administration
for more information about using this wizard to customize adapters
shipped by Sun.
Identifying Code for Revision
Both skeleton files that are shipped in the REF kit contain @todo and
change-value-here text strings that identify the places in the code where you must
make adapter-specific modifications. When customizing these files, search on these
strings to determine where you must make changes.
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Preparing to Create a Custom Adapter
Table 4-5 identifies the text you can search for when identifying code that needs
customization.
Table 4-5
Search Text Strings
Comment
Description
@todo
Identifies a method that you must rewrite to handle the particular
scenario you are supporting.
change-value-here
Identifies a substitution that you must make.
Setting Up a Build Environment
Set up a build environment following these steps:
Prerequisite: You must install the JDK version required for your Identity
Manager version.
After installing the JDK, install the REF kit by copying the entire REF directory to
your system.
1.
Change directories to the new directory and create a file called ws.bat (if you
are working on a system running a Microsoft Windows operating system) or
ws.sh (if you are working on a UNIX system).
2.
Add the following lines to this file before saving and closing it:
:
If you are using a ws.bat file, include these lines:
set WSHOME=<Path where REF is installed>
set JAVA_HOME=<Path where REF is installed>
set PATH=%PATH%;%JAVA_HOME%\bin
If you are using a ws.sh file, include these lines:
WSHOME=<path where REF is installed>
JAVA_HOME=<path where jdk is installed>
PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH
export WSHOME JAVA_HOME PATH
Where WSHOME is the path where the REF kit is installed and JAVA_HOME
identifies the path where Java is installed.
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Getting Started
Use the following steps to start creating a custom adapter:
1.
Copy the appropriate skeleton file to a name of your choice.
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
For standard resources: SkeletonStandardResourceAdapter.java
For standard and Active Sync-enabled resources:
SkeletonStandardAndActiveSyncResourceAdapter.java
For Active Sync-only resources:
SkeletonActiveSyncResourceAdapter.java
2.
Edit your adapter source file. Perform a global search for Skeleton, and replace
it with the name of your adapter.
3.
Source the ws.bat or ws.sh file you created previously to set up your
environment.
4.
Compile your source files using the following command:
javac -d . -classpath %CLASSPATH% yourfile.java
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Getting Familiar with Your Resource Adapter
Getting Familiar with Your Resource Adapter
This section provides an overview of the resource adapter source code components
that are common to most adapters and provides examples from the skeleton
adapters that are part of the Resource Extension Facility.
•
Adapter Components
•
Resource Information Defined in Resource Adapters
Adapter Components
Table 4-6 describes the main resource adapter components.
Table 4-6
Adapter Components
File Component
Description
Standard Java header information
Includes identification of the parent class for the new adapter class file you are
creating, constructors, and imported files.
prototypeXML string
Defines which information about the resource appears in the Identity Manager
interface. Maps each resource attribute to an Identity Manager User Attribute.
Methods that create a feed from
the resource into Identity Manager
In Active Sync-enabled adapters, presents methods that search the resource for
changes or receive updates. Writing these methods requires that you understand
how to register for or search for changes on the resource as well as how to
communicate with the resource.
Methods that perform the update
operations in the Identity Manager
repository
In Active Sync-enabled adapters, performs the feed form the resource into
Identity Manager.
Methods that write information
from Identity Manager in to the
external resource
These customized methods must be written by a developer with knowledge of the
resource.
NOTE
182
One enhancement to the skeleton adapter file is the addition of the
@todo and @change-attribute-here comments. These comments
mark places where you should substitute adapter-specific text.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Getting Familiar with Your Resource Adapter
Resource Information Defined in
Resource Adapters
There are three distinct types of information that define a resource in Identity
Manager, and they are defined for the resource type in the adapter file:
•
Resource attributes. Defined in the prototypeXML section of the adapter Java
file. You can modify these values from the Identity Manager interface when
creating a specific instance of this resource type.
•
Account DN or identity template. Includes account name syntax for users,
which is especially important for hierarchical namespaces.
•
Identity Manager account attributes. Defined in the Schema map for the
resource. Identity Manager account attributes define the Identity Manager
attributes of the resource object.
Standard Java Header Information
The header information is representative of the standard Java files (including
public class declaration and class constructors). You must edit the sections of the
file that list the constructors and public classes, and, if necessary, the
imported files.
PrototypeXML Section
This section of the adapter Java file (the prototypeXML) is the XML definition of a
resource. It must contain the resource name and all attributes of the resource that
the Identity Manager interface will display.
Table 4-7 introduces the components of the prototypeXML. Some components are
more relevant for resource adapters than Active Sync-enabled adapters. Each
component that is relevant for Active Sync-enabled adapters is discussed in greater
detail in the sections following the table.
Table 4-7
prototypeXML Components
Component
Description
Resource
Define top-level characteristics of resource. Keywords for this element include:
•
syncSource: If true, then adapter must be Active Sync-enabled.
•
facets: Specifies the modes enabled for this resource. Valid values are
•
provision: Provisioning is enabled. Both modes are available if syncSource is true.
•
activesync: Active Sync only
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Table 4-7
prototypeXML Components (Continued)
Component
Description
Resource attributes
Used by Identity Manager to configure the resource. Resource attributes are XML elements
that are defined with the <ResourceAttribute> element. Keywords for this element include:
Account attributes
•
type: Identifies supported data types (currently, string only).
•
multi: Specifies whether multiple values can be accepted for the attribute.
If set to true, a multi-line box is displayed.
•
facets: Specify usage for this resource attribute.
•
provision: Used in standard processing. This is the default value.
•
activesync: Used in Active Sync processing, if Active Sync is configured and enabled.
Defines the default schema map for basic user attributes. Account attributes are defined with
the <AccountAttribute> element. You define account attributes that map to the standard
Identity Manager account attribute types differently than you map to custom attributes.
For more information on mapping account attributes to resource attributes, see “How to Map
Resource Attributes to Identity Manager Account Attributes.”
Defined by the <Template> tag, this template defines how the account name for the user is
built. Account names are typically of two forms. One form is the accountId, which is typically
used for resources with a flat namespace such as NT or Oracle.
Identity template
The other is a complete distinguished name of the user in the form:
cn=accountId,ou=sub-org,ou=org,o=company. This latter form is used for hierarchical
namespaces such as directories.
Login configuration
(Standard resource adapter only) Defined by the <LoginConfigEntry> element, this value
defines the values for support of pass-through authentication for this resource. For more
information about pass-through authentication, see the Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager
Resources Reference.
Form
(Active Sync-enabled adapter only) Designates a form object that will process the data from
the Active Sync-enabled adapter before it is integrated into Identity Manager. A form is
optional, but in most cases it provides flexible changes in the future. It can be used to transform
the incoming data, map the data to other user attributes on the other resource accounts, and
cause other actions in Identity Manager to occur.
Resource user form
(Active Sync-enabled adapter only) Defined by the <ResourceUserForm> element.
Resource Methods
Resource methods can be categorized by task. When developing your own custom
adapter, you first determine which categories are necessary to meet the goals of
your development. For example, is your adapter going to be an Active
Sync-enabled adapter? Will the first phase of your deployment support password
reset only? The answers to these questions determine which methods must be
completed. Additional information about each functional category is discussed
later in this chapter.
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These resource methods categories are described in Table 4-8.
Table 4-8
Resource Methods Categories
Category
Description
Basic
Provide the basic methods for connecting to the resource and
performing simple actions
Bulk operations
Provide bulk operations to get all the users from the resource
Active Sync
Provides the methods to schedule the adapter.
Object management
Provides the methods to manage groups and organizations on your
resources.
Defining the PrototypeXML Section
In the resource source code, the prototypeXML defines the resource object that is
stored in the Identity Manager repository.
Table 4-9 describes the five, distinct types of information that define a resource in
Identity Manager. The first three types are visible to administrators when they are
defining the resource. The remaining two types help define the resource but are not
easily modifiable by Identity Manager administrators.
Table 4-9
Information Types that Define Identity Manager Resources
Information Type
Description
Resource attribute
Defines the connection information on the resource being managed. Resource attributes
typically include the resource host name, resource administrator name and password, and the
container information for directory-based resources. Identity Manager attributes such as the list
of resource approvers and the number of times to retry operations on the resource are also
considered resource attributes.
Account attribute
Maps the relationship between the Identity Manager attribute name and the resource attribute
name. These attributes are defined on the resource schema map and appear in the
prototypeXML. For example, on LDAP, the resource attribute sn is mapped to the more
common attribute in Identity Manager called lastname.
Identity template or
account DN
Defines the default account name for users.
Login config
Defines the parameters that are used if this resource is to be used for pass-through
authentication. Typically, these parameters are username and password. However, in the
example of SecurId, it includes a user name and passcode.
Object management
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Resource Attributes
Resource attributes define:
•
Resources you want to manage, along with other connection and resource
characteristics.
From the perspective of an administrator using the Identity Manager
Administrator Interface, these attributes define the field names that are visible
in the Identity Manager interface and prompt the user for values.
For Windows NT resources, attributes can include source name, host name,
port number, user, password, and domain. For example, the Create/Edit
Resource page for a resource type requires a host field in which administrators
creating a resource identify the host on which the resource resides. This field
(not the contents of the field) is defined in this adapter file.
•
Authorized account that has rights to create users on the resource.
For a Windows NT resource, this includes the user and password fields.
•
Source attributes including the form, the Identity Manager administrator that
the adapter will run as, scheduling and logging information, and additional
attributes used only in Active Sync methods.
How Resource Attributes Are Defined Resource attributes are defined in the
Java file with the <ResourceAttribute> element as follows:
<ResourceAttribute name='"+RA_HOST+"' type='string' multi='false'\n"+
description='&lt;b&gt;host&lt;/b&gt;&lt;br&gt;Enter the resource host
name.'>\n"+
The description field identifies the item-level help for the RA_HOST field and must
not contain the < character. In the preceding example, the < characters are replaced
by &lt; and &apos;.
Table 4-10 describes the keywords you can use in <ResourceAttribute> element.
Table 4-10
<ResourceAttribute> Element Keywords
Keyword
Description
name
Identifies the name of the attribute. For a list of the required attributes, see “Required Resource
Attributes.”
type
Identifies data type used. Currently, only the string type is supported.
multi
Specifies if multiple values can be accepted for the attribute. If true, a multi-line box is displayed.
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Table 4-10
<ResourceAttribute> Element Keywords (Continued)
Keyword
Description
description
Identifies the item-level help for the RA_HOST field. Identity Manager displays help with the item being
described (host in this case) in bold text. Because the HTML brackets necessary to do this (< and >)
interfere with XML parsing, they are replaced by &lt; and &gt;. After the binary is translated, the
description value looks like:
Description=’<b>host</b> Enter the resource host name.’
facets
Specifies the usage of this resource attribute. Valid values are
•
provision: Used in standard processing. This is the default value.
•
activesync: Used in Active Sync processing for an Active Sync-enabled adapter.
Overwriting Resource Attributes You can choose between the following two
strategies when working with resource adapters and adapter parameters:
•
Use the adapter’s Attribute page to set a resource attribute value once for all
users
•
Set a default attribute value on the adapter, then subsequently override its
value, as needed, within your user form
In Code Example 4-1, the user form must override the resource attribute value for
template during the creation of each user. When implementing similar code in a
production environment, you would probably include more detailed logic that
would calculate this template value within your user form.
Code Example 4-1
Overriding the Resource Attribute Value for template
<Field name='template'>
<Display class='Text'>
<Property name='title' value='NDS User Template'/>
</Display
</Field>
<!-- Change NDS for the name of your NDS resource -->
<!-- The word Template is the name of the attribute field, as viewed in the
resource xml -->
<Field name='accounts[NDS].resourceAttributes.Template'>
<Expansion>
<ref>template</ref>
</Expansion>
</Field>
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Required Resource Attributes Table 4-11 describes the resource attributes
provided in the skeleton adapter files.
Table 4-11
Resource Attributes in Skeleton Adapter Files
Required Resource Attribute
Description
RA_HOST
The host name of the resource. This corresponds to the Host field on the Resource
Parameters page.
RA_PORT
The port number used to communicate with the resource. This corresponds to the
Port field on the Resource Parameters page.
RA_USER
The name of a user account that has permission to connect to the resource. The
field name varies on the Resource Parameters page.
RA_PASSWORD
The password for the account specified by RA_USER. This corresponds to the
Host field on the Resource Parameters page.
Table 4-12 describes the Active Sync-specific attributes defined in the
ACTIVE_SYNC_STD_RES_ATTRS_XML string of the Active Sync class.
Table 4-12
Active Sync-Specific Attributes Defined in ACTIVE_SYNC_STD_RES_ATTRS_XML
Required Resource Attribute
Description
RA_PROXY_ADMINISTRATOR
Identity Manager administrator for authorization and logging. This corresponds to
the Proxy Administrator field in the Identity Manager display. You do not define this
value in the adapter Java file. Instead, an administrator enters this information when
defining a specific instance of this resource type.
RA_FORM
Form that processes incoming attributes and maps them to view attributes. This
corresponds to the Input Form field.
RA_MAX_ARCHIVES
Specifies the number of log files to retain.
•
If you specify 0, then a single log file is re-used.
•
If you specify -1, then log files are never discarded.
RA_MAX_AGE_LENGTH
Specifies the maximum time before a log file is archived. If time is zero, then no
time-based archival will occur. If the value of RA_MAX_ARCHIVES is zero, then the
active log will instead be truncated and re-used after this time period.
RA_MAX_AGE_UNIT
One of seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, or months. This value is used with
RA_MAX_AGE_LENGTH.
RA_LOG_LEVEL
Logging level (0 disabled; 4 very verbose). This corresponds to the Log Level field
in the Identity Manager display.
RA_LOG_PATH
Absolute or relative path for the log file. This corresponds to the Log File Path field
in the Identity Manager display.
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Table 4-12
Active Sync-Specific Attributes Defined in ACTIVE_SYNC_STD_RES_ATTRS_XML (Continued)
Required Resource Attribute
Description
RA_LOG_SIZE
Maximum log file size. This corresponds to the Maximum Log File Size field in the
Identity Manager display.
RA_SCHEDULE_INTERVAL
Pop-up menu of the supported scheduling intervals (second, minute, hour, day,
week, month).
RA_SCHEDULE_INTERVAL_COUNT
The number of intervals between scheduled periods (for example, 10 minutes would
have an interval count of 10 and an interval of minute). Not necessary for Active
Sync-enabled adapters.
RA_SCHEDULE_START_TIME
The time of the day to run. Setting this to 13:00 and the interval to week would set
the adapter to run at 1 P.M. once a week. Not necessary for Active Sync-enabled
adapters.
RA_SCHEDULE_START_DATE
The date to start scheduling. Setting date to 20020601, the interval to month, and the
time to 13:00 would have the adapter start running on June 1st and run once a
month at 1 P.M. Not necessary for Active Sync-enabled adapters.
Table 4-13 describes the Active Sync-specific attributes which are defined in the
ACTIVE_SYNC_EVENT_RES_ATTRS_XML string in the by default class. See “Identifying
the Identity Manager User” for more information about each of these attributes.
Table 4-13
Active Sync-Specific Attributes Defined in ACTIVE_SYNC_EVENT_RES_ATTRS_XML
Required Resource Attribute
Description
RA_PROCESS_RULE
The name of a TaskDefinition or a rule that returns the name of a TaskDefintion to
run for every record in the feed. This parameter overrides all others.
RA_CORRELATION_RULE
A rule that returns a list of strings of potentially matching users/accountIDs, based
on the resource account attributes in the account namespace.
RA_CONFIRMATION_RULE
A rule that confirms if a user is a match.
RA_DELETE_RULE
A rule that determines whether a delete detected on the resource is processed as
an IAPI delete event, or as an IAPI update event.
RA_CREATE_UNMATCHED
If set to true, creates unmatched accounts. If false, don’t create the account unless
the process rule is set and the workflow it identifies determines that a create is
warranted. The default is true.
RA_RESOLVE_PROCESS_RULE
A rule that determines the workflow to run when there are multiple matches using
the confirmation rule on the results of the correlation rule.
RA_POPULATE_GLOBAL
Indicates whether to populate the global namespace in addition to the activeSync
namespace. The default is false.
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Account Attributes
The standard Identity Manager account attributes (defined in the
AttributeDefinition object) include the following:
•
accountId
•
email
•
firstname
•
fullname
•
lastname
•
password
NOTE
These attributes are defined in the Views interface. For more
information about these attributes, see Sun Javaв„ў System Identity
Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.
Identity Manager account attributes define the Identity Manager attributes of the
resource object. The prototypeXML section of the adapter file maps the incoming
resource attributes to account attributes in Identity Manager. These account
attributes are visible when you access the Edit Schema page. (To access the Edit
Schema page, click Edit Schema at the bottom of the Edit/Create Resource page.)
The attribute mappings specified in the resource schema map determine which
account attributes that can be requested when creating a user. Based on the role
selected for a user, the set of account attributes that are prompted for will be the
union of attributes of all resources in the selected role. With an Active
Sync-enabled adapter, these are the attributes that are available to update the
Identity Manager user account. The Active Sync-enabled adapter collects these
attributes and stores them in the global area for the input form.
When administrators have created an instance of a resource, they can subsequently
use a schema map to:
190
•
Limit resource attributes to only those that are essential for your company.
•
Map Identity Manager attributes to resource attributes.
•
Create common Identity Manager attribute names to use with multiple
resources.
•
Identify required user attributes and attribute types.
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The schema map is optional. It is provided as a utility to allow the administrator to
edit inputs to an Active Sync-enabled adapter, which are often database column
names or directory attribute names. Using the schema map and the form, you can
implement Java code to handle a resource type, defining details of the resource
configuration in the map and form.
For information on creating a resource or editing a resource schema map, see Sun
Javaв„ў System Identity Manager Administration.
Schema Maps and Active Sync-Enabled Adapters
Identity Manager uses an Active Sync resource’s schema map in the same way that
it uses a typical schema map. It specifies which attributes to fetch from the resource
and their local names. All attribute names that are listed in the schema map (that is,
all attributes that exist on the resource) are made available to the Active Sync form
and the user form with the activeSync.name attribute. If the Active Sync resource
does not use a form, all attributes are named global to ensure that all attributes
automatically propagate to attributes with the same name on all resources. Use a
form rather than the global namespace.
TIP
Never put the accountId attribute in the global namespace. It is a
special attribute that is used for identifying the
waveset.account.global. The accountId attribute also will become
a resource's accountId directly if the resource account is being
created for the first time, bypassing the identity template.
For example, if a new Identity Manager user is created through the Active
Sync-enabled adapter and that user has an LDAP account assigned to it, the LDAP
accountID will match the global.accountId instead of the correct DN from the
DN template.
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How to Map Resource Attributes to Identity Manager Account Attributes
You can map an account attribute to standard Identity Manager account attributes
or to a custom attribute (called an Extended Schema Attribute).
Code Example 4-2 shows the incoming resource attribute mapped to a standard
Identity Manager account attribute. The <AccountAttributesTypes> element
surrounds the prototypeXML section where you map the resource attribute to the
Identity Manager account attribute. You define each account attribute with the
<AccountAttributesType> element.
Code Example 4-2
Defining Account Attributes with <AccountAttributesType>
"<AccountAttributeTypes>\n"+
<AccountAttributeType name='accountId' mapName='change-value-here'
mapType='string' required='true'>\n"+
"<AttributeDefinitionRef>\nt"+
<ObjectRef type='AttributeDefinition' name='accountId'/>\n"+
"</AttributeDefinitionRef>\n"+
"</AccountAttributeType>\n"+
"</AccountAttributeTypes>\n"+
For more information on mapping resource attributes to account attributes, see
“Setting Options and Attributes for the Adapter .”
Standard Resource Adapter-Specific Issues with prototypeXML
The following issues are specific to account attributes in resource adapters only:
192
•
User identity template
•
Creating an identity template out of multiple user attributes
•
Login configuration and pass-through authentication
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User Identity Template
The user identity template establishes the account name that is used when creating
the account on the resource. It is used to translate information about an Identity
Manager user account to account information on the external resource.
Account names are currently in one of two forms:
•
Flat namespaces
•
Hierarchical namespaces
You can use any schema map attribute (an attribute listed on the left side of the
schema map) in the identity template.
You can overwrite the user identity template from the User form. This is commonly
done to substitute organization names.
About User Names in Identity Manager
A user has an identity for each of his accounts. This identity can be the same on
some or all accounts. The system sets the identity for an account when the account
is provisioned. The Identity Manager user object maintains a mapping between a
user's identities and the resources to which they correspond. The user has a
primary accountId in Identity Manager that is used as a key as well as a separate
accountId for each of the resources on which he has an account and is denoted in
the form of accountId:<resource name>, as shown in Table 4-14.
Table 4-14
Account IDs
Attribute
Example
accountId
maurelius
accountId:NT_Res1
marcus_aurelius
accountId:LDAP_Res1
uid=maurelius,ou=marketing,ou=employees,o=abc_company
accountId:AIX_Res1
maurelius
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Flat Namespaces
You typically use the accountId attribute for systems with a flat namespace, which
include:
•
Microsoft Windows NT 4.0
•
UNIX systems (Solaris, AIX, or HP-UX)
•
Oracle and Sybase relational databases
For resources with flat namespaces, the identity template can simply specify that
the Identity Manager account name should be used.
Hierarchical Namespaces
Distinguished name can include the account name, organizational units, and
organizations. It is used for systems with a hierarchical namespace.
For resources with hierarchical namespaces, the template can be more complicated
than that of a flat namespace. This allows the full, hierarchical name to be built.
Table 4-15 contains examples of hierarchical namespaces and how they represent
distinguished names.
Table 4-15
Hierarchical Namespace Examples
System
Distinguished Name String
LDAP
cn=$accountId,ou=austin,ou=central,ou=sales,o=comp
Novell NDS
cn=$accountId.ou=accounting.o=comp
Microsoft
Windows 2000
CN=$fullname,CN=Users,DC=mydomain,DC=com
Here is an example of an identity template for a resource with a hierarchical
namespace such as LDAP:
uid=$accountID,ou=$department,ou=People,cn=waveset,cn=com
Where:
194
•
accountID is the Identity Manager account name
•
department is the user's department name
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Creating an Identity Template out of Multiple User Attributes You can also
create an identity template out of a portion of multiple user attributes. For
example, a template could consist of the first letter of the first name plus seven
characters of the last name. In this scenario, you can customize the user form to
perform the desired logic and then override the identity template that is defined on
the resource.
Login Configuration and Pass-Through Authentication
The <LoginConfigEntry> element specifies the name and type of login module as
well as the set of authentication properties required by this resource type to
complete successful user authentication.
The <LoginConfig> and <SupportedApplications> sections of the adapter file
specify whether the resource will be included in the options list on the Login
Module configuration pages. Leave this section of the file unchanged if you want
the resource to appear in the options list.
Each <AuthnProperty> element contains the following attributes:
Table 4-16
<AuthnProperty> Element Attributes
Attribute
Description
name
Identifies the internal authentication property name.
displayName
Specifies the value to use when this property is added as an HTML item to
the Login form.
formFieldType
Specifies the data type that can be either text or password. This type is used
to control whether data input in the HTML field associated with this property
is visible (text) or not (password)s
isId
Specifies whether this property value should be mapped to the Identity
Manager accountID. For example, a property should not be mapped when
the property value is an X509 certificate.
dataSource
Specifies the source for the value of this property. The default value is user.
doNotMap
Specifies whether to map to a LoginConfigEntry.
Most resource login modules support both the Identity Manager Administrator
Interface and the Identity Manager User Interface.
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Code Example 4-3 illustrates how SkeletonResourceAdapter.java implements
the <LoginConfigEntry> element:
Code Example 4-3
SkeletonResourceAdapter.java Implementing <LoginConfigEntry>
<LoginConfigEntry name='"+Constants.WS_RESOURCE_LOGIN_MODULE+"' type='"+RESOURCE_NAME+"'
displayName='"+RESOURCE_LOGIN_MODULE+"'>\n"+
"
<AuthnProperties>\n"+
"
<AuthnProperty name='"+LOGIN_USER+"' displayName='"+DISPLAY_USER+"'
formFieldType='text' isId='true'/>\n"+
"
<AuthnProperty name='"+LOGIN_PASSWORD+"' displayName='"+DISPLAY_PASSWORD+"'
formFieldType='password'/>\n"+
"
</AuthnProperties>\n"+
"
<SupportedApplications>\n"+
"
<SupportedApplication name='"+Constants.ADMINCONSOLE+"'/>\n"+
"
<SupportedApplication name='"+Constants.SELFPROVISION+"'/>\n"+
"
</SupportedApplications>\n"+
"</LoginConfigEntry>\n"+
Example LoginConfig Entries
The following example LoginConfig entry is taken from the LDAP resource
adapter supplied by Identity Manager. It defines two authentication properties
whose dataSource value, if not specified, is supplied by the user.
Code Example 4-4 defines the supported Login Module data source options:
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Code Example 4-4
Defining Supported Login Module Data Source Options
public static final String USER_DATA_SOURCE = "user";
public static final String HTTP_REMOTE_USER_DATA_SOURCE = "http remote user";
public static final String HTTP_ATTRIBUTE_DATA_SOURCE = "http attribute";
public static final String HTTP_REQUEST_DATA_SOURCE = "http request";
public static final String HTTP_HEADER_DATA_SOURCE = "http header";
public static final String HTTPS_X509_CERTIFICATE_DATA_SOURCE = "x509 certificate";
" <LoginConfigEntry name='"+WS_RESOURCE_LOGIN_MODULE+"'
type='"+LDAP_RESOURCE_TYPE+"'
displayName='"+Messages.RES_LOGIN_MOD_LDAP+"'>\n"+
" <AuthnProperties>\n"+
" <AuthnProperty name='"+LDAP_UID+"' displayName='"+Messages.UI_USERID_LABEL+"'
formFieldType='text' isId='true'/>\n"+
" <AuthnProperty name='"+LDAP_PASSWORD+"'
displayName='"+Messages.UI_PWD_LABEL+"'
formFieldType='password'/>\n"+
" </AuthnProperties>\n"+
" </LoginConfigEntry>\n"+
Code Example 4-5 shows a Login Config entry where the authentication property’s
dataSource value is not supplied by the user. In this case, it is derived from the
HTTP request header.
Code Example 4-5
Login Config Entry
" <LoginConfigEntry name='"+Constants.WS_RESOURCE_LOGIN_MODULE+"'
|type='"+RESOURCE_NAME+"'
displayName='"+RESOURCE_LOGIN_MODULE+"'>\n"+
" <AuthnProperties>\n"+
" <AuthnProperty name='"+LOGIN_USER+"' displayName='"+DISPLAY_USER+"'
formFieldType='text'
isId='true' dataSource='http header'/>\n"+
" </AuthnProperties>\n"+|
" </LoginConfigEntry>\n"+
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Windows NT Object Resource Attribute Declarations
Code Example 4-6 shows how prototypeXML defines fields displayed on the
Create/Edit Resource page.
Code Example 4-6
prototypeXML Defining Fields Displayed on Create/Edit Resource Page
<ResourceAttributes>
<ResourceAttribute name='Host' description='The host name running the resource
agent.' multi='false' value='n'>
</ResourceAttribute>
<ResourceAttribute name='TCP Port' description='The TCP/IP port used to communicate
with the LDAP server.' multi='false' value='9278'>
</ResourceAttribute>
<ResourceAttribute name='user' description='The administrator user name with which
the system should authenticate.' multi='false' value='Administrator'>
</ResourceAttribute>
<ResourceAttribute name='password' type='encrypted' description='The password that
should be used when authenticating.' multi='false' value='VhXrkGkfDKw='>
</ResourceAttribute>
<ResourceAttribute name='domain' description='The name of the domain in which
accounts will be created.' multi='false' value='nt'>
</ResourceAttribute>
</ResourceAttributes>
Identity Manager Rendering of prototypeXML
The Identity Manager Administrator interface displays the resource attributes for
the default Windows NT resource as specified in the preceding section.
Figure 4-1
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Resource Attributes for Windows NT Resource
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Editing the Skeleton File: Overview
The SkeletonActiveSyncResourceAdapter file provides a starting point for
creating a new Active Sync-enabled adapter type that administrators can use to
create specific instances. Once you have renamed and edited the skeleton file to
include the default values you want the adapter to support, you can load it into
Identity Manager.
Basic steps include:
•
Name the resource adapter type. The name you supply here will appear in the
New Resources menu in the Identity Manager Administrator Interface.
•
Map resource attributes to Identity Manager account attributes. This requires
that you edit the default values in the skeleton prototypeXML to create your
own defaults for this adapter type. For example, you might want to delete the
RA_GROUPS attribute that is included in this file from your adapter type.
•
Add or delete methods from the skeleton file. In particular, add Java code to
support the following operations, which are not supported in this example file:
joins, leaves, and moves. For example, you want to write an Active
Sync-enabled adapter to pull information from an HR database to determine
whether employees are still active. To trigger updates based on a change in an
employee’s active status, you need several items: an effective date column in
the database; a window of time to search in; and a list of the updates that have
already been done in previous iterations of the search.
Naming the Adapter and Editing Preliminary Information
Editing the preliminary adapter information requires three actions:
•
Rename the SkeletonActiveSyncResourceAdapter.java file or sample adapter
file to the name of your adapter class.
•
Edit code to replace SkeletonActiveSyncResourceAdapter with the new name.
Setting Options and Attributes for the Adapter
The primary way to set options for the adapter type is by mapping the incoming
resource attributes to the standard Identity Manager account attributes or creating
your own extended schema attributes. The attributes included in
SkeletonActiveSyncResourceAdapter are mandatory. Do not delete these attribute
definitions when customizing the file.
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Mapping a Resource Attribute to a Standard Account Attribute
If you are mapping a resource attribute to one of the standard Identity Manager
account attributes, use the syntax shown in Code Example 4-7.
Code Example 4-7
Mapping a Resource Attribute
"<AttributeDefinitionRef>\nt"+
<ObjectRef type='AttributeDefinition' name='accountId'/>\n"+
" </AttributeDefinitionRef>\n"+
Use the <AttributeDefinitionRef> element to identify the Identity Manager
account attribute. Table 4-17 describes the <AttributeDefinitionRef>
element fields.
Table 4-17
<AttributeDefinitionRef> Element Fields
Attribute Field
Description
name
Identifies the Identity Manager account attribute that the resource attribute
is being mapped to. (The left column on the resource schema page in the
Identity Manager User Interface.)
mapName
Identifies the name of the incoming resource attribute. When editing this
skeleton file, replace change-value-here with the resource attribute name.
mapType
Identifies the type of the incoming attribute (string, int, or encrypted).
Mapping Resource Attributes to an Extended Schema Attribute
If you want to map an incoming resource attribute to an attribute other than the
standard Identity Manager attributes, you must create an extended schema
attribute. Code Example 4-8 illustrates how to map a resource attribute to a custom
account attribute.
Code Example 4-8
Mapping Resource Attribute to Custom Account Attribute
<AccountAttributeType name='HomeDirectory' type='string'
mapName='HomeDirectory' mapType='string'>\n"+
</AccountAttributeType>\n"+
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Note that you do not need to declare an ObjectRef type. The mapName field
identifies the custom account attribute HomeDirectory. You can define the mapType
field the same as you would when mapping an attribute to a standard account
attribute.
To test the validity of the resources you just defined (in particular the connection to
the resource), save the adapter, load it into Identity Manager, and click Start on the
Resources page. The Start button is enabled only if the resource start-up type is
Automatic or Manual. The adapter’s init() and poll() methods will be called
when the adapter is scheduled.
Setting the Distinguished Name
When creating a new resource, Identity Manager will ask the resource adapter to
create a prototype resource that is the XML object definition of the resource.
The distinguished name displays on these Identity Manager user interface pages:
•
Resources
•
Distinguished Name Template
•
Edit Schema
The resource does not need to present the prototype object, it simply has to define
the resource attributes and set default values for the resource attributes for which it
makes sense to have defaults.
Defining Resource Object Classes, Type, Features, and Attributes
Object types uniquely define a specific type of resource. They are defined in the
adapter’s prototypeXML section.
Defining an Object Type
The XML <ObjectTypes> element is a container within the adapter prototypeXML
that contains one or more object type definitions to be managed on that resource.
The XML <ObjectTypes> element is a container within the <ObjectTypes> element
that fully describes the resource-specific object to Identity Manager, including
information about:
•
Specific object classes that the object type consists of (required only for
LDAP-compliant directories)
•
List of supported features
•
List of object type-specific attributes that are available within Identity Manager
for editing and searching.
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Table 4-18 lists the supported attributes of the <ObjectType> element.
Table 4-18
Supported <ObjectType> Elements
Attribute
Description
name
Defines the name by which this object type will be displayed and referred to within
Identity Manager (required).
icon
Specifies the name of the .gif file to be displayed to the left of objects of this type
within the interface. You must install this .gif file in idm/applet/images for use by
Identity Manager.
container
If true, specifies that this type of resource object can contain other resource objects
of the same or other object types.
Example Object Type Definitions
Code Example 4-9 includes example object type definitions:
Code Example 4-9
Example Object Type Definitions
static final String prototypeXml ="<Resource name='Skeleton' class=
'com.waveset.adapter.sample.SkeletonStandardResourceAdapter'
typeString='Skeleton of a resource adapter'
typeDisplayString='"+Messages.RESTYPE_SKELETON+"'>\n"+
"
<ObjectTypes>\n"+
"
<ObjectType name='Group' icon='group'>\n"+
… other content defined below will go here …
“
</ObjectType>\n”+
“
<ObjectType name=’Role’ icon=’ldap_role’>\n”+
… other content defined below will go here …
“
</ObjectType>\n”+
“
<ObjectType name=’Organization’ icon=’folder_with_org’ container=’true’>\n”+
… other content defined below will go here …
“
</ObjectType>\n”+
“ </ObjectTypes>\n”+
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Object Classes
Object classes are handled differently for LDAP-based resource objects than for
other resource objects.
LDAP-Based Resource Objects
LDAP-based resource objects can consist of more than one LDAP object class,
where each object class is an extension of its parent object class. However, within
LDAP, the complete set of these object classes is viewed and managed as a single
object type within LDAP.
To manage this type of resource object within Identity Manager, include the XML
element <ObjectClasses> within the <ObjectType> definition. The
<ObjectClasses> element allows you to define the set of object classes that is
associated with this <ObjectType> as well as the relationship of classes to
each other.
Non-LDAP-Based Resource Objects
For non-LDAP-based resource objects, you can use the <ObjectType> to represent
information other than the resource object type name.
In Code Example 4-10, the primary attribute defines the object class to be used
when creating and updating an object of this type. In this case, inetorgperson is
the object class that is defined as the primary one because it is a subclass of the
other listed object classes. The operator attribute specifies whether the list of object
classes should be treated as one (logical AND) or treated as unique classes (logical
OR) when listing or getting an object of this type. In this case, Identity Manager
performs an AND operation on these object classes prior to any list or get requests
for this object type.
Code Example 4-10
Using inetorgperson Object Class
<ObjectClasses primary='inetorgperson' operator='AND'>\n"+
<ObjectClass name='person'/>\n"+
<ObjectClass name='organizationalPerson'/>\n"+
<ObjectClass name='inetorgperson'/>\n"+
</ObjectClasses>\n"+
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In Code Example 4-11, all requests to create and/or update resource objects of this
type are done using the groupOfUniqueNames object class. All list and get requests
will query for all objects whose object class is either groupOfNames or
groupOfUniqueNames.
Code Example 4-11
Using groupOfUniqueNames Object Class
<ObjectClasses primary='groupOfUniqueNames' operator='OR'>\n"+
<ObjectClass name='groupOfNames'/>\n"+
<ObjectClass name='groupOfUniqueNames'/>\n"+
</ObjectClasses>\n"+
Only one object class is defined in Code Example 4-12; so all create, update, list,
and get operations will be done using object class organizationalUnit.
Code Example 4-12
Using organizationalUnit Object Class
<ObjectClasses operator='AND'>\n"+
<ObjectClass name='organizationalUnit'/>\n"+
</ObjectClasses>\n"+
Because there is only one object class, you could exclude the <ObjectClasses>
section. If left out, the object class defaults to the value of the <ObjectType> name
attribute. However, if you want the object type name to differ from the resource
object class name, you must include the <ObjectClasses> section with the single
<ObjectClass> entry.
Object Features
The <ObjectFeatures> section specifies a list of one or more features supported by
this object type, where each object feature is directly tied to the implementation of
the associated object type method in the resource adapter.
Each ObjectFeature definition must contain the name attribute, which specifies a
feature name. The create and update features may also specify the form attribute.
This attribute defines the resource form that will be used to process create and
update features. If the form attribute is not specified, then Identity Manager
processes the features with the same form used by all resources of a given type.
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Table 4-19 lists the object feature mappings.
Table 4-19
Object Feature Mappings
Object Feature
Method
Supports Form Attribute?
create
createObject
Yes
delete
deleteObject
No
find
listObjects
No
list
listObjects
No
rename
updateObject
No
saveas
createObject
No
update
updateObject
Yes
view
getObject
No
The <ObjectFeatures> section in Code Example 4-13 includes all supported object
features. Your resource adapter can support all or a subset. The more object
features your adapter supports, the richer the object management function within
Identity Manager.
Code Example 4-13
<ObjectFeatures> Section Including all Supported Object Features
<ObjectFeatures>\n"+
<ObjectFeature name='create' form='My Create Position Form'/>
<ObjectFeature name='update' form='My Update Position Form'/>
<ObjectFeature name='create'/>\n"+
<ObjectFeature name='delete'/>\n"+
<ObjectFeature name='rename'/>\n"+
<ObjectFeature name='saveas'/>\n"+
<ObjectFeature name='find'/>\n"+
<ObjectFeature name='list'/>\n"+
<ObjectFeature name='view'/>\n"+
</ObjectFeatures>\n"+
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Object Attributes
The <ObjectAttributes> section specifies the set of attributes that will be managed
and queried in Identity Manager. The name of each <ObjectAttribute> element
should be the native resource attribute name. Unlike user attributes in Identity
Manager, no attribute mapping is specified. Only the native attribute names should
be used.
Table 4-20 describes attributes that are required for <ObjectAttributes>.
Table 4-20
Required Attributes for <ObjectAttributes>
Attribute
Description
idAttr
The value of this attribute should be the resource object attribute name
that uniquely identifies this object within the resource’s object
namespace (for example, dn, uid)
displayNameAttr
The value of this attribute should be the resource object attribute name
whose value is the name you want displayed when objects of this type
are viewed within Identity Manager (for example, cn, samAccountName).
descriptionAttr
(Optional) This value of this attribute should be the resource object
attribute name whose value you want displayed in the Description
column of the Resources page.
Code Example 4-14 shows an <ObjectAttributes> section defined in an
<ObjectType>.
Code Example 4-14
<ObjectAttributes> Section Defined in an <ObjectType>
<ObjectAttributes idAttr='dn' displayNameAttr='cn' descriptionAttr=
'description'>\n"+
<ObjectAttribute name='cn' type='string'/>\n"+
<ObjectAttribute name='description' type='string'/>\n"+
<ObjectAttribute name='owner' type='distinguishedname' namingAttr=
'cn'/>\n"+
<ObjectAttribute name='uniqueMember' type='dn' namingAttr='cn' />\n"+
</ObjectAttributes>\n"+
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Each <ObjectAttribute> has the attributes described in Table 4-21:
Table 4-21
<ObjectAttribute> Attributes
Attribute
Description
name
Identifies the resource object type attribute name (required)
type
Identifies the type of object. Valid types include string or
distinguishedname / �dn’ (defaults to string)
namingAttr
If object type is distinguishedname or dn, this value specifies the attribute
whose value should be used to display an instance of this object type
referred to by the dn within Identity Manager
NOTE
The methods in the resource adapter object type implementation is
responsible for coercing all string values into the appropriate type
based on the resource attribute name.
Assigning a Form
You can assign an optional form for processing incoming data before storing it in
Identity Manager. This resource form is a mechanism for transforming the incoming
data from the schema map and applying it to the user view. The sample form also
performs actions (such as enabling and disabling an account) that are based on
specific values of incoming data such as employee status.
Defining Resource Forms
You must provide a resource form named <resource type> Create <object type>
Form for each resource <ObjectType> that supports the Create feature.
(For example, AIX Create Group Form or LDAP Create Organizational Unit Form.)
You must also provide a ResourceForm named <resource type> Update <object
type> Form for each resource <ObjectType> that supports the Update feature. (For
example, AIX Update Group Form or LDAP Update Organizational Unit Form)
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Table 4-22 describes attributes contained in the top-level namespace.
(All values are strings unless otherwise specified.)
Table 4-22
Top-Level Namespace Attributes
Attribute
Description
<objectType>.resourceType
Identity Manager resource type name (for example, LDAP, Active Directory)
<objectType>.resourceName
Identity Manager resource name
<objectType>.resourceId
Identity Manager resource ID
<objectType>.objectType
Resource-specific object type (for example, Group)
<objectType>.objectName
Name of resource object (for example, cn or samAccountName)
<objectType>.objectId
Fully qualified name of resource object (for example, dn)
<objectType>.requestor
ID of user requesting view
<objectType>.attributes
Resource object attribute name/value pairs (object)
<objectType>.organization
Identity Manager member organization
<objectType>.attrsToGet
List of object type specific attributes to return when requesting an object through
checkoutView or getView (list)
<objectType>.searchContex
Context used to search for non-fully qualified names in form input
<objectType>.searchAttributes
List of resource object type-specific attribute names that will be used to search
within the specified searchContext for names input to the form (list).
<objectType>.searchTimeLimit
Maximum time spent searching where <objectType> is the lowercase name of a
resource specific object type. For example, group, organizationalunit,
organization.
<objectType>.attributes
<resource attribute name>
Used to get or set the value of specified resource attribute (for example,
<objectType>.attributes.cn, where cn is the resource attribute name). When
resource attributes are distinguished names, the name returned when getting the
value is the value of the namingAttr specified in the <ObjectAttribute> section
of the <ObjectType> description.
The next section references forms that show how to access the resource object
namespace.
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Writing Adapter Methods
The Identity Manager adapter interface provides general methods that you must
customize to suit your particular environment. This section briefly describes these
methods and covers:
•
Standard resource adapter-specific methods. These methods are specific to
the resource you are updating to synchronize with Identity Manager.
•
Active Sync-specific methods. These methods provide the mechanism for
updating Identity Manager based on pulling information from the
authoritative resource. They also include methods for stopping, starting, and
scheduling the adapter.
Standard Resource Adapter-Specific Methods
The body of a resource adapter consists of resource-specific methods.
Consequently, the resource adapter provides methods that are only generic
placeholders for the specific methods that you will write.
This section describes how the methods used to implement operations are
categorized. The information is organized into the following sections:
•
Creating the Prototype Resource
•
Connecting with the Resource
•
Checking Connections and Operations
•
Defining Features
•
Creating Accounts on the Resource
•
Deleting Accounts on the Resource
•
Updating Accounts on the Resource
•
Getting User Information
•
List Methods
•
Enable and Disable Methods
NOTE
When writing a custom adapter, call the setdisabled() method on
any WSUser object that is returned by a custom method.
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Creating the Prototype Resource
Table 4-23 describes the methods used to create a Resource instance.
Table 4-23
Methods Used to Create a Resource Instance
Method
Description
staticCreatePrototypeResource
Creates a Resource instance from the predefined prototype XML string defined in
the resource adapter. Because it is a static method, it can be called knowing only
the path to the Java class which is the resource adapter.
createPrototypeResource
A local method that can be executed only if you already have an instance of a
Java object of the resource adapter class. Typically, the implementation of
createPrototypeResource() is to just call the
staticCreatePrototypeResource() method.
Connecting with the Resource
The following methods are responsible for establishing connections and
disconnections as an authorized user. All resource adapters must implement these
methods.
•
startConnection
•
stopConnection
Checking Connections and Operations
ResourceAdapterBase provides methods that you can use to check the validity of
an operation, such as whether the connection to the resource is working, before the
adapter attempts the actual operation.
The methods described in Table 4-24 verify that communication can be made and
that the authorized account has access.
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Table 4-24
Methods Used to Check Communication
Method
Description
checkCreateAccount
Checks to see if an account can be created on the resource. The following features can be
checked:
•
Can basic connectivity to the resource be established?
•
Does the account already exist?
•
Do the account attribute values comply with all (if any) resource-specific restrictions or
policies that have not been checked at a higher level?
This method does not check whether the account already exists. It contains the account
attribute information needed to create the user account such as account name, password,
and user name.
After confirming that the account can be created, the method closes the connection to the
resource.
checkUpdateAccount
Establishes a connection and checks to see if the account can be updated.
This method receives a user object as input. It contains the account attribute information
needed to create the user account such as account name, password, and user name.
The user object specifies the account attributes that have been added or modified. Only these
attributes are checked.
checkDeleteAccount
Checks to see if an account exists and can deleted. The following features can be checked:
•
Can basic connectivity to the resource be established?
•
Does the account already exist?
•
Do the account attribute values comply with all (if any) resource-specific restrictions or
policies that haven't been checked at a higher level?
This method does not check whether the account already exists. It receives a user object as
input. It contains the account attribute information needed to delete the user account such as
account name, password, and user name.
After checking to see if the account can be deleted, the method closes the connection to the
resource
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Defining Features
The getFeatures() method specifies which features are supported by an adapter.
The features can be categorized as follows:
•
General features
•
Account features
•
Group features
•
Organizational unit features
The ResourceAdapterBase class defines a base implementation of the
getFeatures() method. The Enabled in Base? column in the following tables
indicates whether the feature is defined as enabled in the base implementation in
ResourceAdapterBase.
Table 4-25
General Features
Feature Name
Enabled in Base?
Comments
ACTIONS
No
Indicates whether before and after actions are supported. To
enable, override the supportsActions method with a true
value.
RESOURCE_PASSWORD_CHANGE
No
Indicates whether the resource adapter supports password
changes. To enable, override the supportsResourceAccount
method.
Table 4-26
Account Features
Feature Name
Enabled in Base?
Comments
ACCOUNT_CASE_
INSENSITIVE_IDS
Yes
Indicates whether user account names are
case-insensitive. Override the
supportsCaseInsensitiveAccountIds method with a
false value to make account IDs case-sensitive.
ACCOUNT_CREATE
Yes
Indicates whether accounts can be created. Use the
remove operation to disable this feature.
ACCOUNT_DELETE
Yes
Indicates whether accounts can be deleted. Use the
remove operation to disable this feature.
ACCOUNT_DISABLE
No
Indicates whether accounts can be disabled on the
resource. Override the supportsAccountDisable
method with a true value to enable this feature.
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Table 4-26
Account Features (Continued)
Feature Name
Enabled in Base?
Comments
ACCOUNT_EXCLUDE
No
Determines whether administrative accounts can be
excluded from Identity Manager. Override the
supportsExcludedAccounts method with a true
value to enable this feature.
ACCOUNT_ENABLE
No
Indicates whether accounts can be enabled on the
resource. Override the supportsAccountDisable
method with a true value if accounts can be enabled
on the resource.
ACCOUNT_EXPIRE_
PASSWORD
Yes
Enabled if the expirePassword Identity Manager User
attribute is present in the schema map for the
adapter. Use the remove operation to disable this
feature.
ACCOUNT_GUID
No
If a GUID is present on the resource, use the put
operation to enable this feature.
ACCOUNT_ITERATOR
Yes
Indicates whether the adapter uses an account
iterator. Use the remove operation to disable this
feature.
ACCOUNT_LIST
Yes
Indicates whether the adapter can list accounts. Use
the remove operation to disable this feature.
ACCOUNT_LOGIN
Yes
Indicates whether a user can login to an account. Use
the remove operation if logins can be disabled.
ACCOUNT_PASSWORD
Yes
Indicates whether an account requires a password.
Use the remove operation if passwords can be
disabled.
ACCOUNT_RENAME
No
Indicates whether an account can be renamed. Use
the put operation to enable this feature.
ACCOUNT_REPORTS_DISABLED
No
Indicates whether the resource reports if an account
is disabled. Use the put operation to enable this
feature.
ACCOUNT_UNLOCK
No
Indicates whether an account can be unlocked. Use
the put operation if accounts can be unlocked.
ACCOUNT_UPDATE
Yes
Indicates whether an account can be modified. Use
the remove operation if accounts cannot be updated.
ACCOUNT_USER_PASSWORD_ON_CHANGE
No
Indicates whether the user’s current password must
be specified when changing the password. Use the
put operations if the user’s current password is
required.
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Table 4-27
Group Features
Feature Name
Enabled in Base?
Comments
GROUP_CREATE,
GROUP_DELETE
GROUP_UPDATE
No
Indicates whether groups can be created, deleted, or
updated. Use the put operation to if these features
are supported on the resource.
Table 4-28
Organizational Unit Features
Feature Name
Enabled in Base?
Comments
ORGUNIT_CREATE,
ORGUNIT_DELETE
ORGUNIT_UPDATE
No
Indicates whether organizational units can be
created, deleted, or updated. Use the put operation to
if these features are supported on the resource.
If your custom adapter overrides the ResourceAdapterBase implementation of the
getFeatures method, add code similar to the following:
public GenericObject getFeatures() {
GenericObject genObj = super.getFeatures();
genObj.put(Features.ACCOUNT_RENAME, Features.ACCOUNT_RENAME);
genObj.remove(Features.ACCOUNT_UPDATE, Features.ACCOUNT_UPDATE);
.. other features supported by this Resource Adapter …
return genObj;
}
To disable a feature by overriding a different method (such as supportsActions)
add code similar to the following:
public boolean supportsActions() {
return true;
}
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The following tables describe the methods used to create, delete, and update
accounts on Resources.
Table 4-29
Creating Accounts on the Resource
Method
Description
realCreate()
Creates the account on the resource.
Receives a user object as input, and contains the account attribute
information needed to create the user account (such as account name,
password, and user name)
Table 4-30
Deleting Accounts on the Resource
Method
Description
realDelete()
Deletes an account(s) on the resource.
Receives a user object or list of user objects as input. By default, this method
creates a connection, calls realDelete, closes the connection for each user
object in the list.
Table 4-31
Updating Accounts on the Resource
Method
Description
realUpdate()
Updates a subset of the account attributes.
By default, this method creates a connection, calls realUpdate, and closes
the connection for each user object in the list.
NOTE
User account attributes from the resource are merged with any new
changes from Identity Manager.
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Table 4-32
Getting User Information
Method
Description
getUser()
Retrieves information from the resource about user attributes.
Receives a user object as input (typically with only an account identity set),
and returns a new user object with values set for any attribute defined in
resource schema map.
You can use list methods to establish processes that adapters use to retrieve user
information from the resource.
Table 4-33
List Methods
Method
Description
getAccountIterator()
Used to discover or import all the users from a resource.
Implements the Account Iterator interface to iterate over all users of a
resource.
listAllObjects ()
Given a resource object type (such as accountID or group), returns a
list of that type from the resource.
Implement this method to generate lists that are used by the resource,
such as a list of resource groups or distribution lists.
This method is called from the user form (not called by provisioning
engine).
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Code Example 4-15 contains code for retrieving information on a resource and
converting it to information that Identity Manager can work with.
Code Example 4-15
Resource Adapters: Retrieving Information on a Resource
public WSUser getUser(WSUser user)
throws WavesetException
String identity = getIdentity(user);
WSUser newUser = null;
try {
startConnection();
Map attributes = fetchUser(user);
if (attributes != null) {
newUser = makeWavesetUser(attributes);
}
} finally {
stopConnection();
}
return newUser;
}
Table 4-34
Enable and Disable Methods
Method
Description
supportsAccountDisable()
Returns true or false depending on whether the resource supports
native account disable.
realEnable()
Implements the native calls that are necessary to enable the user
account on the resource.
realDisable()
Implements the native calls that are necessary to disable the user
account on the resource.
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Disabling User Accounts
You can disable an account by using the disable utilities supported by the resource
or the account disable utility provided by Identity Manager.
NOTE
Use native disable utilities whenever possible.
•
Native support for disabling an account: Certain resources provide a separate
flag that, when set, prevents users from logging in. Example utilities include
User Manager for NT, Active Directory Users and Computers for Active
Directory, and ConsoleOne or Netware Administrator for NDS/Netware.
When an account is enabled, the user’s original password is still valid. You can
determine whether native support for account disable is available on your
resource by implementing the supportsAccountDisable method.
•
Identity Manager disable utility: If the resource does not support disabling an
account, or supports disable by means of resetting the user’s password, the
Identity Manager provisioning engine disables the account. You can perform
the disable by setting the user account to a randomly generated,
non-displayed, non-retained password. When the account is enabled, the
system randomly generates a new password, which is displayed in the Identity
Manager Administrator Interface or emailed to the user
Enabling Pass-Through Authentication for Resource Types
Use the following general steps to enable pass-through authentication in a
resource type:
1.
Ensure that the adapter’s getFeatures() method returns
ResourceAdapter.ACCOUNT_LOGIN as a supported feature.
вќЌ
If your custom adapter overrides the ResourceAdapterBase
implementation, add the following code:
public GenericObject getFeatures() {
GenericObject genObj = super.getFeatures();
genObj.put(Features.ACCOUNT_RENAME, Features.ACCOUNT_RENAME);
.. other features supported by this Resource Adapter …
return genObj;
}
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вќЌ
If your custom adapter does not override the getFeatures()
implementation in the ResourceAdapterBase class, it will inherit the
getFeatures() implementation that is exported for ACCOUNT_LOGIN by
default.
2.
Add the <LoginConfigEntry> element to the adapter’s prototypeXML.
3.
Implement the adapter’s authenticate() method.
The authenticate() method authenticates the user against the resource by
using the authentication property name/value pairs provided in the
loginInfo map. If authentication succeeds, be sure that the authenticated
unique ID is returned in the WavesetResult by adding a result as follows:
result.addResult(Constants.AUTHENTICATED_IDENTITY, accountID);
If authentication succeeded, but the user's password was expired, then in
addition to the identity added above, also add the password expired indicator
to the result to be returned. This will ensure that the user will be forced to
change their password on at least resource upon next login to Identity
Manager.
result.addResult(Constants.RESOURCE_PASSWORD_EXPIRED, new
Boolean(true));
If authentication fails (because the username or password is invalid), then:
throw new WavesetException("Authentication failed for " + uid + ".");
Writing Active Sync-Specific Methods
In this section of the adapter, you must supply the methods that accomplish the
main task of your adapter — updating Identity Manager. The methods you write
are based on the generic methods supplied with the skeleton adapter file.
You will need to edit some of these methods, which are categorized by task.
General guidelines for handling these tasks are discussed in the following sections:
•
Initializing and Scheduling the Adapter
•
Polling the Resource
•
Storing and Retrieving Adapter Attributes
•
Updating the Identity Manager Repository
•
Shutting Down the Adapter
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Initializing and Scheduling the Adapter
You initialize and schedule the adapter by implementing the init() and poll()
methods.
The init() method is called when the adapter manager loads the adapter. There
are two methods for loading the adapter:
•
The manager can load the adapter at system startup if the adapter startup type
is automatic.
•
An administrator loads the adapter by clicking Start on the Resources page if
the adapter startup type is manual.
In the initialization process, the adapter can perform its own initialization.
Typically, this involves initializing logging (with the ActiveSyncUtil class), and
any adapter-specific initialization such as registering with a resource to receive
update events.
If an exception is thrown, the adapter is shut down and unloaded.
Polling the Resource
All of the adapter’s work is performed by the poll() method. Scheduling the
adapter requires setting up a poll() method to search for and retrieve changed
information on the resource.
This method is the main method of the Active Sync-enabled adapter. The adapter
manager calls the poll() method to poll the remote resource for changes. The call
then converts the changes into IAPI calls and posts them back to a server. This
method is called on its own thread and can block for as long as needed.
It should call its ActiveSyncUtil instance’s isStopRequested method and return
when true. Check isStopRequested as part of the loop condition when looping
through changes.
To configure defaults for polling, you can set the polling-related resource attributes
in the adapter file. Setting these polling-related attributes provides administrators
with a means to later use the Identity Manager interface to set the start time and
date for the poll interval and the length of the interval.
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Scheduling Parameters
The following scheduling parameters are used in Active Sync-enabled adapters:
•
RA_SCHEDULE_INTERVAL
•
RA_SCHEDULE_INTERVAL_COUNT
•
RA_SCHEDULE_START_TIME
•
RA_SCHEDULE_START_DATE
See Table 4-12 for a description of these parameters.
Scheduling Parameters in the prototypeXML
The scheduling parameters are present in the string constant ActiveSync.
ACTIVE_SYNC_STD_RES_ATTRS_XML, along with all other general Active Sync-related
resource attributes.
Sample Polling Scenarios
The following table lists some sample polling scenarios.
Table 4-35
Sample Polling Scenarios
Polling Scenario
Parameters
Daily at 2 A.M.
Interval = day, count =1, start_time=0200
Four times daily
Interval=hour, count=6.
Poll once every two weeks
on Thursday at 5 P.M
Interval = week, count=2, start date = 20020705 (a
Thursday), time = 17:00.
Chapter 4
Developing Adapters
221
Writing Adapter Methods
Storing and Retrieving Adapter Attributes
Most Active Sync-enabled adapters are also standard adapters, where a single Java
class both extends ResourceAdapterBase (or AgentResourceAdapter) and
implements the Active Sync interface.
The attribute retrieval and update should then pass through to the base as shown
in Code Example 4-16:
Code Example 4-16
Attribute Retrieval and Update
public Object getAttributeValue(String name) throws WavesetException {
return getResource().getResourceAttributeVal(name);
}
public void setAttributeValue(String name, Object value) throws WavesetException {
getResource().setResourceAttributeVal(name,value);
Updating the Identity Manager Repository
When an update is received, the adapter uses the IAPI classes, notably
IAPIFactory to:
•
Collect the changed attributes
•
Map the changes to a unique Identity Manager object.
•
Update that object with the changed information
Mapping the Changes to the Identity Manager Object
Using the Active Sync event parameter configurator for the resource,
IAPIFactory.getIAPI constructs an IAPI object, either IAPIUser or IAPIProcess
from a map of changed attributes. If an exclusion rule (iapi_create, iapi_delete,
or iapi_update) is configured for the resource, IAPIFactory checks if the account
is excluded. If a non-null object is created and returned by the Factory, the adapter
can modify the IAPI object (for example, by adding a logger), then submits it.
When the object is submitted, the form associated with the resource is expanded
with the object view before the view is checked in. For more information about
forms and views, see Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.
In SkeletonActiveSyncResourceAdapter, this process is handled in the
buildEvent and processUpdates methods.
222
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Installing the Custom Adapter
Shutting Down the Adapter
No system requirements are associated with adapter shutdown. This is an
opportunity for system cleanup.
Installing the Custom Adapter
To install a resource adapter you’ve customized:
1.
Load the NewResourceAdapter.class file in the Identity Manager installation
directory under
idm/WEB-INF/classes/com/waveset/adapter/sample
(You might have to create this directory.)
2.
Copy the .gif file to idm/applet/images.
This .gif file is the image that displays next to the resource name on the List
Resources page, and it should contain an image for your resource that is
18x18 pixels and 72 DPI in size.
3.
Add the class to the resource.adapter property in
config/waveset.properties.
4.
Stop and restart the application server. (For information about working with
application servers, see Identity Manager Installation.)
5.
Create an HTML help file for your resource. (For examples, see the idm.jar
provided in the com/waveset/msgcat/help/resources directory. In addition,
the procedure for including online help with the application is provided in
Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.)
6.
Install your adapter and associated help file into Identity Manager.
7.
Create a resource in Identity Manager using your adapter.
8.
Start your resource and verify connectivity.
Chapter 4
Developing Adapters
223
Maintaining the Custom Adapter
Maintaining the Custom Adapter
When you install an Identity Manager service pack, you will need to test the
custom resource with the new idmcommon.jar and idmformui.jar files. You may
need to make modifications or enhancements to the custom adapters to adapt to
changes made in the new release or service pack. Alternatively, your resource
adapter may just need to be rebuilt or refreshed in your installation.
See Identity Manager Administration for more information on adapter maintenance.
Testing Your Adapter
After writing the adapter, you must test and load it in to Identity Manager. Testing
involves testing both from Identity Manager and running unit tests on your own
machine.
You can test the validity of the resources you have just defined (in particular the
connection to the resource) by saving the adapter, loading it into Identity Manager,
and clicking Start on the List Resources page. The Start button is enabled only if the
resource startup type is Automatic or Manual.
This section is organized as follows:
224
•
Testing a Custom Adapter
•
Testing the Resource Object in Identity Manager
•
Typical Errors
•
Debugging LoginConfig Changes
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Testing Your Adapter
Testing a Custom Adapter
One tool for debugging adapters is the log file that all adapters generate. This log
file is generated in the in the $WSHOME/config directory and is named
WSTrace1.log.
NOTE
Tracing must be enabled and the methods for which tracing is
requested must be identified for any logging to occur. You can
enable tracing through the Identity Manager Debug page or
through the command line utility. Also, the custom adapter must
include the calls that will make the log entries for the new methods.
The adapter writes to the log file all resource settings that you can use to validate
both that the adapter started and that setting changes have been saved.
Active Sync-enabled adapters that make log calls to the ActiveSyncUtil instance
will create a log file (or set of log files) in the directory specified by the Log File
Path resource attribute. Be sure to check these log files for additional Active
Sync-related log entries.
General Steps
Follow these general steps when debugging your adapter.
1.
Create a test program for your adapter.
This Java file should perform the following basic functions:
вќЌ
Create a new resource
вќЌ
Create a user
вќЌ
Get a user
вќЌ
Update a user
вќЌ
Delete a user
вќЌ
Perform create, get, update and delete operations on multiple users
A sample test file (SkeletonResourceTests.java) is included in /REF on your
installation CD.
Chapter 4
Developing Adapters
225
Testing Your Adapter
2.
Set your log level as appropriate for your level of debugging. Increase the log
level to 4 for your first pass at debugging, and set the log file path and size.
When you subsequently start the adapter, it writes to the log file all resource
settings that you can use to validate both that the adapter started and that
setting changes have been saved.
3.
Compile and test your adapter. To compile the test program, use
javac -d . test/filename.java. (This command creates the class file in the
appropriate com/waveset/adapter/test directory.) To test your new adapter
using this file, make sure that your compiled adapter is in the
com/waveset/adapter directory and run it using the following:
java –D waveset.home=<path> com.waveset.adapter.test.MyResourceAdapter
4.
Create an HTML help file for your resource. (See idm.jar in
com/waveset/msgcat/help/resources directory for examples. Procedures
describing how to include online help with the application, consult Identity
Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.)
5.
(Active Sync-enabled adapter only) To reset synchronization on the last
resource, delete the XmlData SYNC_resourceName object.
6.
Read the error log and modify the adapter.
7.
Set the debug level to 2. Level 2 debugging yields information about the
adapter settings and any errors, but limits the amount of log detail to a
manageable level.
8.
Before starting Identity Manager, you must identify the new adapter in the
$WSHOME/config/waveset.properties file by placing the adapter name under
the resource.adapters entry — otherwise Identity Manager will not recognize
the adapter.
9.
Install your adapter and its associated help file into Identity Manager.
NOTE
Before an instance of the new adapter can be recognized in the
display, you must create a new resource of that type. You can do
this through the List Resource page. From this page, select
New > new adapter. Use the Resource Wizard to create a new
adapter.
10. Use Identity Manager to create a resource and a user on that resource.
226
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Testing Your Adapter
TIP
When debugging an Active Sync-enabled adapter, if you edit
the XmlData SYNC_resourceName object to remove the MapEntry
for the ActiveSync synchronization process from the Debug
page, the adapter starts over from the first detected change.
If you used the IAPI event, set the Property() method to store
synchronization state for the resource, such as a last change
processed value. Setting this method is very useful for
debugging adapters. You can set the adapter to run and ignore
past changes. Subsequently, you can modify the adapter and
see the results of your changes in the adapter log file.
If your resource is an Active Sync resource, you may get additional
information by turning on logging on the resource edit page. Set the logging
level (0-4) and the file path where the log file will be written (as
resource_name.log).
11. (Active Sync-enabled adapter only) Restart synchronization for the last
resource.
Tracing Methods in Your Test Adapter
To trace methods in your test adapter
1.
Turn on tracing from the Debug page (debug/Show_Trace.jsp).
2.
Add your adapter using the following format:
com.waveset.adapter.sample.MyResourceAdapter
3.
Set the trace level to 4 for maximum output, or 2 for sufficient output.
4.
Indicate whether you want the trace information emitted to standard output or
sent to a file.
5.
To debug the synchronization process further, configure synchronization
logging for your test resource. (Instructions are provided in the Identity
Manager online help.)
Chapter 4
Developing Adapters
227
Testing Your Adapter
Testing the Resource Object in Identity Manager
You can test your implementation through the Identity Manager Administrator
Interface through the Find Resources and List Resources pages.
•
Table 4-36
Select Resource > List Resource to confirm the following performance
characteristics:
List Resource Performance Characteristics
Expected Behavior in Interface
If not...
Identity Manager includes your resource type in the
drop-down list of possible new resources.
Confirm that you have added it to the resource.adapters
attribute in the Waveset.properties file.
When you open the resource folder, its contents reflect all
the <ObjectType> elements that are defined in your
resource adapter’s <ObjectTypes> section.
Review the <ObjectType> elements in the adapter’s
prototypeXML.
When you right-click on one of your resource object
types, all the supported features specified in your
resource adapter’s <ObjectFeatures> section per
<ObjectType> is available from the menu.
Go to the Debug page and view or edit the resource in
question to ensure that its list of <ObjectFeatures> for
the <ObjectType> in question is correct.
You can create new resources and update existing
resource objects.
Verify that your resource adapter code is in
WEB-INF/classes/com/waveset/adapter/sample
The correct ResourceForms have been loaded for each
type of operation.
•
Confirm that you have checked in all needed
resource forms
•
Verify that the forms are correctly referenced
(including the correct case) in the section for forms in
the System configuration object.
•
Table 4-37
Select Resource > Find Resources to confirm the following performance
characteristics:
Find Resources Performance Characteristics
Expected Behavior in the Interface
If not...
You can set all attributes you expect from
the Resources > Find Resources page
Check all <ObjectType> elements and associated <ObjectAttribute>
elements.
A find resource request returns the
appropriate resource objects
Double-check the query arguments to ensure that the appropriate set of
resource objects will match that query. If it still doesn’t work, try the same
query through another LDAP browser to ensure that it is not a problem
with the query.
You can edit and/or delete objects
returned from your find request.
Check to ensure that the <ObjectFeatures> section of the <ObjectType>
in question includes the Update feature, which enables editing or the
Delete feature, which enables deletion.
228
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Testing Your Adapter
Viewing a Resource Object
You can view a resource object from the Debug page. To open the Debug page,
enter http://build_name/idm/debug.
All resource adapter and Active Sync-enabled adapter classes are based on the
existing Identity Manager Resource classes.
To view the resource object:
1.
Select Resource from the options menu next to List Objects.
2.
Click List Objects. This action displays a list of all resource adapters and Active
Sync-enabled adapters.
3.
Click View next to the resource object you want to view, or click Edit to edit the
resource object.
Typical Errors
Typical errors include:
•
Form-related errors
•
Missing authentication properties
•
No Identity Manager user with matching resource account is found
Form-Related Errors
Typical errors with Active Sync-enabled adapters are form-related. These often
result from a required field, such as password or email, not being set.
Form validation errors are printed after the final xml of the view. A typical error
resembles:
20030414 17:23:57.469: result from submit (blank means no errors):
20030414 17:23:57.509: Validation error: missing required field password
All messages are also printed out, and they specify the creation and update times
of accounts, adapter errors, and a summary of the schema map data.
Resource adapters store information about the last change they processed in the
SYNC.resourceName XMLData object.
Chapter 4
Developing Adapters
229
Testing Your Adapter
Missing Authentication Properties
If you are missing the required authentication property values, make sure the
property name is in the set of names dumped in the trace for the specified data
source type.
No Identity Manager User with Matching Resource Account is Found
The resource adapter authentication succeeds, but the exception thrown indicates
that no Identity Manager user could be found with a matching resource account
ID. Confirm that the resource accountId associated with the user is the same as the
one returned by your resource adapter’s authenticate method.
You can check the Identity Manager user’s resource accountIds through the
Debug page. If there is a mismatch, you will either have to change the content of
the name being returned by your authenticate method or change your resource’s
ID template to ensure its generating a resource accountId that will match the one
being returned by authenticate.
Debugging LoginConfig Changes
To debug LoginConfig-related changes to your adapter, you must
1.
Enable trace for select files
2.
Test single sign-on pass-through authentication login through Telnet
Enabling Identity Manager Trace
Enable Identity Manager level 1 trace for the following classes:
230
•
com.waveset.security.authn.WSResourceLoginModule
•
com.waveset.session.LocalSession
•
com.waveset.session.SessionFactory
•
com.waveset.ui.LoginHelper
•
com.waveset.ui.web.common.ContinueLoginForm
•
com.waveset.ui.web.common.LoginForm
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Testing Your Adapter
Testing Single Sign-On (SSO) Pass-Through Authentication
After you have correctly configured the SSO login module, you can telnet directly
to the http port and send an http request to login.jsp.
You can paste the following request into your telnet session:
HEAD /idm/login.jsp HTTP/1.0
Accept: text/plain,text/html,*/*
Accept-Language: en-us
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0
Host: LOCALHOST
sm_user: Configurator
This request includes an SSO login module that is looking for the HTTP header
sm_user. After pasting this information in the telnet screen, you should see trace
indicating that your user has logged in correctly.
For example, see Code Example 4-17:
Code Example 4-17
Sample Output
2003.07.08 14:14:16.837 Thread-7 WSResourceLoginModule#checkForAuthenticatedResourceInfo()
Found authenticated resource accountId, '[email protected] SiteMinder' on Identity
Manager user 'Configurator'. null null 2003.07.08 14:14:16.837 Thread-7
WSResourceLoginModule#checkForAuthenticatedResourceInfo()
Exit null null 2003.07.08 14:14:16.837 Thread-7 WSResourceLoginModule#login()
Exit, return code = true null null 2003.07.08 14:14:16.847
Thread-7 LocalSession#login() Login succeeded via Netegrity SiteMinder null null
2003.07.08 14:14:16.847 Thread-7 LocalSession#login() Overall authentication
succeeded null null 2003.07.08 14:14:16.897 Thread-7 LocalSession#checkIfUserDisabled()
Entry null null 2003.07.08 14:14:16.897 Thread-7 LocalSession#checkIfUserDisabled() Exit
null null 2003.07.08 14:14:16.927 Thread-7 LocalSession#login() Exit null null
Chapter 4
Developing Adapters
231
Testing Your Adapter
232
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Chapter 5
Working with Firewalls
or Proxy Servers
This chapter describes how Identity Manager uses Uniform Resource Locators
(URLs) and how to configure Identity Manager to obtain accurate URL data when
firewalls or proxy servers are in place.
Servlet APIs
The Web-based Identity Manager user interface is highly dependent on Uniform
Resource Locators (URLs) to specify the location of pages to be retrieved by the
Web client.
Identity Manager depends on the Servlet APIs provided by an application server
(such as Apache Tomcat, IBM WebSphere, or BEA WebLogic) to determine the
fully qualified URL in the current HTTP request so that a valid URL can be placed
in the generated HTML and HTTP response.
Some configurations prevent the application server from determining the URL the
Web client uses for an HTTP request. Examples include:
•
A port-forwarding or Network Address Translation (NAT) firewall placed
between the Web client and Web server, or between the Web server and
application server
•
A proxy server (such as Tivoli Policy Director WebSEAL) placed between the
Web client and Web server, or between the Web server and application server
For instances in which the Servlet APIs do not provide accurate URL data from an
HTTP request, the correct data can be configured in the Waveset.properties file
(located in your Identity Manager installation config directory).
233
Servlet APIs
The following attributes control Identity Manager’s Web-based documentation
root and whether Identity Manager uses the HTML BASE HREF tag:
•
ui.web.useBaseHref (Default value: true) — Set this attribute to one of the
following values:
m
m
•
true — Identity Manager uses the HTML BASE HREF tag to indicate the
root of all relative URL paths
false — All URLs placed into HTML contain fully qualified paths;
including scheme, host, and port
ui.web.baseHrefURL — Set this attribute to a non-empty value to define the
BASE HREF used in generated HTML, which overrides the value that is
calculated using servlet APIs.
Overriding this calculated value can be useful when those APIs do not return
the whole truth, which occurs when:
m
m
m
234
The application server is behind a firewall using port forwarding or NAT
The connector between the application server and Web server does not
provide accurate information
The application server is front-ended by a proxy server
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Chapter 6
Configuring Dictionary Support
This chapter describes how to configure a dictionary policy to help protect
passwords from simple dictionary attacks. The information is organized as follows:
•
About the Dictionary Policy
•
Configuring the Dictionary Policy
•
Implementing the Dictionary Policy
About the Dictionary Policy
A dictionary policy enables Identity Manager to check passwords against a word
database to ensure that they are protected from a simple dictionary attack. If you
use this policy with other policy settings to enforce the length and make-up of
passwords, Identity Manager makes it difficult for anyone to use a dictionary to
guess passwords that are generated or changed in the system.
This dictionary policy extends the password exclusion list specified using the
Must Not Contain Words feature on the Edit Policy page (Configure > Policies >
Password Policies).
235
Configuring the Dictionary Policy
Configuring the Dictionary Policy
To set up a dictionary policy, you must configure dictionary server support and
then load the dictionary, as follows:
1.
From the Identity Manager administrator user interface, select Configure >
Policies and click the Configure Dictionary button.
2.
When the Dictionary Configuration page displays, provide the following
database information:
вќЌ
Database Type — Select the database type (Oracle, DB2, SQLServer, or
MySQL) that you will use to store the dictionary.
вќЌ
Host — Enter the name of the host where the database is running.
вќЌ
User — Enter the user name to use when connecting to the database.
вќЌ
Password — Enter the password to use when connecting to the database.
вќЌ
Port — Enter the port on which the database is listening.
вќЌ
Connection URL — Enter the URL to use when connecting.
These template variables are available:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
•
%h: host
•
%p: port
•
%d: database name
Driver Class — Enter the JDBC driver class to use while interacting with
the database.
Database Name — Enter the name of the database where the dictionary
will be loaded.
Table Naming Context — Enter the prefix used to name the dictionary
table in the database.
Dictionary Filename — Enter the name of the file to use when loading the
dictionary.
3.
Click Test to test the database connection.
4.
If the connection test is successful, click Load Words to load the dictionary.
NOTE
236
The load task may take a few minutes to complete.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Implementing the Dictionary Policy
5.
Click Test to ensure that the dictionary was loaded correctly.
6.
Click Save to save your changes.
Implementing the Dictionary Policy
To implement the dictionary policy,
1.
From the Policies page, click the Password Policy link to edit the password
policy.
2.
On the Edit Policy page, enable the Check passwords against dictionary words
option.
3.
Click Save to save your changes.
Once implemented, Identity Manager will check all changed and generated
passwords against the dictionary.
Chapter 6
Configuring Dictionary Support
237
Implementing the Dictionary Policy
238
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Chapter 7
Using SPML 1.0 with Identity
Manager Web Services
This chapter describes SPML 1.0 support in Identity Manager and Identity
Manager Service Provider Edition; including which features are supported and
why, how to configure SPML 1.0 support, and how to extend support in the field.
The information is organized as follows:
•
Working with Identity Manager Web Service Interfaces
•
Configuring SPML
•
Understanding How Requests Are Processed
•
Launching the SPML Browser
•
Connecting to the Identity Manager Server
•
Testing and Troubleshooting the SPML Configuration
•
Developing SPML Applications
•
Examples
NOTE
This chapter focuses exclusively on SPML 1.0.
Unless noted otherwise, all references to SPML in this chapter
indicate the 1.0 version.
You will also find concepts discussed here useful when you read
about SPML 2.0 in Chapter 8, “Using SPML 2.0 with Identity
Manager Web Services.”
239
Who Should Read This Chapter
Who Should Read This Chapter
Application developers and developers who are responsible for integrating
Identity Manager can use the SPML 1.0 classes described in this chapter to format
service provisioning request messages and to parse response messages.
Working with Identity Manager Web Service
Interfaces
Identity Manager Web services are accessed using SOAP messages for HTTP.
Identity Manager supports both versions of the OASIS standard for
communication with provisioning systems; the Service Provisioning Markup
Language (SPML) — versions1.0 and 2.0.
NOTE
You can also access Identity Manager Service Provider Edition (SPE)
features through SPML 1.0. (These features are not available with
SPML version 2.0.)
The SPE SPML interface is very similar to the regular Identity
Manager SPML interface — differences in configuration and
operation are noted in this chapter where appropriate.
SPML 1.0 is an OASIS standard for providing an open interface to service
provisioning activities. SPML 1.0 also has the support of independent software
vendors.
240
NOTE
For best performance when working with the Identity Manager Web
Interfaces, use the OpenSPML Toolkit that is bundled with Identity
Manager. Using the openspml.jar file from the
http://www.openspml.org/ website might cause memory leaks.
NOTE
The SPE REF Kit provides an SpmlUsage.java file that demonstrates
how to use the SPE SPML interface.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Configuring SPML
Configuring SPML
To expose the SPML interface, you must properly configure the Identity Manager
server. You must install and modify specific repository objects and edit the
waveset.properties file.
Installing and Modifying Repository Objects
Table 7-1 describes the repository objects you must install and modify to configure
SPML for Identity Manager.
Table 7-1
Repository Objects Used to Configure SPML
Object
Description
Configuration:SPML
Contains the definitions of the SPML schemas supported by the server,
and rules for converting between the SPML schema and the internal
view model. Each SPML schema typically has an associated form.
SPML Forms
Contains one or more form objects that encapsulate the rules for
transforming between the external model defined by an SPML schema,
and the internal model defined by an Identity Manager view. There
typically is one SPML form for each object class defined in the SPML
schema.
Configuration:User Extended Attributes
Defines user attributes that can be stored in the Identity Manager
repository for access through an SPML filter.
Configuration:UserUIConfig
Contains additional queryable and summary attributes for Identity
Manager user objects. A queryable attribute must be defined for any
attribute you want to use in an SPML filter. A summary attribute must
be defined for any attribute you want to return in an optimized search
TaskDefinition:SPMLRequest
System task used to process asynchronous SPML requests. There
should be no need to customize this object.
Identity Manager provides a sample set of SPML configuration objects in the
sample/spml.xml file. You must import this file manually because it is not
imported by default when the repository is initialized.
The sample configuration defines a class named person that tracks the evolving
standard schema defined by the SPML working group. Though the working group
has not yet published a standard user schema, it will almost certainly be based
upon the popular LDAP inetorgperson schema.
Chapter 7
Using SPML 1.0 with Identity Manager Web Services
241
Configuring SPML
NOTE
Avoid customizing the person class. Instead, keep it consistent with
the standard schema.
NOTE
To configure the SPE SPML interface, you must install and modify
the Configuration:SPE SPML configuration object.
•
Configure the person class (the only objectclass defined by
default) to use the SPE-specific view handler (IDMXUser).
•
Use the form attribute to define a user form that translates
between the SPML request/response and the view.
The form attribute can take a special value (view): in which no
form processing is applied to the view. (For example, the view is
passed directly between the client and Identity Manager.)
Use the following (default) path to access the SPE SPML interface:
/servlet/spespml
For example, if you deploy Identity Manager in the /idm context on
localhost and on port 8080, you can access the interface at the
following URL:
http://localhost:8080/idm/servlet/spespml
Editing the waveset.properties File
Table 7-2 describes three optional entries in the waveset.properties file that you
can use to control how SPML requests are authorized.
Table 7-2
242
Optional Entries in waveset.properties
Entry Name
Description
soap.username
The name of an Identity Manager user that is to be used as the effective
user for performing SPML requests
soap.password
The clear text password for the user specified by soap.username
soap.epassword
The base-64 representation of the encrypted password for the user
specified by soap.username
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Configuring SPML
Editing the soap.epassword and soap.password Properties
The user specified with soap.username is referred to as the proxy user. If you want
to define a proxy user, you must set soap.username, but only one of the two
password entries must be set. Using soap.password is the simplest, but this
exposes a clear text password in the properties file. Using soap.epassword is more
secure, but requires extra steps to generate the encrypted password.
Establishing a proxy user is convenient for clients because they are not required to
authenticate to use the Web service. This is a common configuration for portal
environments where the Identity Manager server is accessed only by another
application that itself handles authentication of users.
CAUTION
This is a dangerous configuration if the HTTP port on which the
server is responding is generally accessible. Anyone who knows the
URL of the Identity Manager server and understands how to build
SPML requests can perform any Identity Manager operation that the
proxy user could perform.
The SPML standard does not specify how authentication and authorization are
performed. There are several related Web standards for authentication but these
will not be in widespread use for some time. Probably, the most common
near-term approach for authentication will be to rely on the use of SSL between
applications and the server. How SSL is configured cannot be dictated by Identity
Manager.
In cases where neither a proxy user or SSL can be used, Identity Manager does
support a vendor-specific extension to SPML that allows the client to log in and
maintain a session token that is used to authenticate subsequent requests. The easiest
way to do this is to use the LighthouseClient class, an extension of the SpmlClient
class that provides support for specifying credentials, performing a login request,
and passing a session token in all SPML requests.
NOTE
The SPE SPML interface does not support authentication and
authorization. SPE assumes that the client accessing Identity
Manager has already been authenticated and authorized by an
access management application. The client has all possible rights
when using the SPE SPML interface.
To prevent sensitive data from being exposed between the client and
Identity Manager, consider accessing the SPE SPML interface
over SSL.
Chapter 7
Using SPML 1.0 with Identity Manager Web Services
243
Configuring SPML
Obtaining an Encrypted Password
One way to obtain an encrypted password is to use the encrypt command in the
Identity Manager console. Another way is to view the XML for the proxy user in
the Debug pages or from the console. Look in the WSUser element for the value of
the password attribute. You can use this value as the value for the soap.epassword
property.
Editing Configuration Objects
Applications require a mechanism to send SPML messages and receive SPML
responses.
To configure SPML for Identity Manager, you must work with the following
configuration objects:
•
Configuration:SPML
•
Configuration:User Extended Attributes
•
Configuration:UserUIConfig
•
TaskDefinition:SPMLRequest
•
SPML Forms
NOTE
The SPE SPML interface has only one configuration object,
Configuration:SPE SPML, which is similar to the
Configuration:SPML object in structure.
Editing the Configuration: SPML
The SPML object contains definitions for the SPML schemas you want to expose
and information about how those SPML schemas are mapped into Identity
Manager views. This information is represented using a GenericObject that is
stored as an extension of the Configuration object.
There are two attributes defined in this GenericObject: schemas and classes.
•
244
Schemas: A list of strings, where each string contains the escaped XML for one
SPML <schema> element. Because the SPML elements are not defined in
waveset.dtd, you cannot directly include them in an Identity Manager XML
document. Instead, you must include them as escaped text.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Configuring SPML
•
Classes: A list of objects containing information about the supported SPML
classes and how they are mapped onto views. There should be one object on
this list for each class defined by the SPML schemas on the schemas list.
The distinction between the two lists can be confusing at first. The information
about the schemas list defines what Identity Manager will return in response to an
SPML SchemaRequest message. This information can be used by the client to
understand which attributes can be included in other messages such as
AddRequest. Identity Manager does not care about the contents of the schemas list.
This list is simply returned verbatim to the client.
You are not required to define any SPML schemas. Identity Manager works
without schemas. If no SPML schema has been defined, Identity Manager returns
an empty response when it receives a schema request message. Without a schema,
clients must rely on pre-existing knowledge about the supported classes and
attributes. While this is often the case, it is still considered good practice to write
SPML schemas, so that general purpose tools such as the OpenSPML Browser can
be used to build requests.
Default SPML Configuration
Code Example 7-1 shows the default SPML configuration. The text of the SPML
schema definitions have been omitted for brevity.
Code Example 7-1
Default SPML Configuration
<Configuration name='SPML'>
<Extension>
<Object>
<Attribute name='classes'>
<List>
<Object name='person'>
<Attribute name='type' value='User'/>
<Attribute name='form' value='SPMLPerson'/>
<Attribute name='default' value='true'/>
<Attribute name='identifier' value='uid'/>
</Object>
<Object name='request'>
<Attribute name='type' value='TaskInstance'/>
<Attribute name='filter'>
<AttributeCondition attrName='defName' operator='equals'
operand='SPMLRequest'/>
</Attribute>
</Object>
</List>
</Attribute>
<Attribute name='schemas'>
<List>
<String>
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Code Example 7-1
Default SPML Configuration (Continued)
<![CDATA[
<schema xmlns="urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:1:0"
...SPML standard schema...
</schema>
]]>
</String>
<String>
<![CDATA[
<schema xmlns="urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:1:0"
...Waveset custom schema...
</schema>
]]>
</String>
</List>
</Attribute>
</Object>
</Extension>
</Configuration>
Two classes are defined in this example: the standard person and an Identity
Manager extension named request. The following attributes are supported in a
class definition:
246
•
name: Identifies the name of the class. This value can correspond to an
<ObjectClassDefinition> element in an SPML schema, although this is not
required. This name is used as the value of the objectclass attribute in an
Add request or Search request.
•
type: Defines the Identity Manager view type used to manage instances of this
class. This is usually User, but can be any repository type that can be accessed
through a view. For information about views, see Sun Javaв„ў System Identity
Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.
•
form: Identifies the name of a configuration object containing a form. This form
contains the rules for transforming between the external attributes defined by
the class and the internal view attributes.
•
default: When set to true, indicates that this is the default class for this type
only. If you have more than one SPML class implemented on the same type,
one should be designated as the default.
•
identifier: Each class typically defines one attribute that is considered to be the
identity of the object. Where possible, the value of this attribute is used as the
name of the corresponding repository object that you create to represent the
instance. The identifier attribute in the class definition specifies which attribute
represents the identity.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Configuring SPML
•
filter: When an SPML search request is evaluated for a class, you typically
include all repository objects associated with that class in that search. This is
fine for User objects, but some classes may be implemented using generic types
such as TaskDefinition or Configuration, not all of which are considered
instances of the SPML class.
To prevent unwanted objects from being included in the search, you can
specify the filter attribute. The value is expected to be an
<AttributeCondition> element or a <List> of <AttributeCondition>
elements. Because custom classes are almost always made for the User type,
using a filter is uncommon. The default configuration uses them to expose a
subset of the TaskInstance objects that are known to have been created to
handle asynchronous SPML requests.
Default Schemas
The schemas attribute contains a list of strings that contain the escaped XML for an
SPML <schema> element. If you examine the spml.xml file, you will notice the
schema elements are surrounded with a CDATA marked section, which is more
convenient for escaping long strings of XML. When this is normalized, it will be
converted into a string containing &lt; character entities.
The default configuration includes two schemas:
•
Standard schema being defined by the SPML working group
•
Custom schema defined by Identity Manager. Do not customize these
schemas.The Identity Manager schema contains a class definition for request
as well as a number of extended requests for common account management
operations.
Editing the Configuration: SPMLPerson Object
Each class defined in Configuration:SPML typically has an associated form object
that contains the rules for transforming between the external attribute model
defined by the class and the internal model defined by the associated view.
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The standard person class references the following form (Code Example 7-2):
Code Example 7-2
Standard Person Class References Form
<Configuration name='SPMLPerson'>
<Extension>
<Form>
<Field name='cn'>
<Derivation><ref>global.fullname</ref></Derivation>
</Field>
<Field name='global.fullname'>
<Expansion><ref>cn</ref></Expansion>
</Field>
<Field name='email'>
<Derivation><ref>global.email</ref></Derivation>
</Field>
<Field name='global.email'>
<Expansion><ref>email</ref></Expansion>
</Field>
<Field name='description'>
<Derivation>
<ref>accounts[Lighthouse].description</ref>
</Derivation>
</Field>
<Field name='accounts[Lighthouse].description'>
<Expansion><ref>description</ref></Expansion>
</Field>
<Field name='password'>
<Derivation><ref>password.password</ref></Derivation>
</Field>
<Field name='password.password'>
<Expansion><ref>password</ref></Expansion>
</Field>
<Field name='sn'>
<Derivation><ref>global.lastname</ref></Derivation>
</Field>
<Field name='global.lastname'>
<Expansion><ref>sn</ref></Expansion>
</Field>
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Code Example 7-2
Standard Person Class References Form (Continued)
<Field name='gn'>
<Derivation><ref>global.firstname</ref></Derivation>
</Field>
<Field name='global.firstname'>
<Expansion><ref>gn</ref></Expansion>
</Field>
<Field name='telephone'>
<Derivation>
<ref>accounts[Lighthouse].telephone</ref>
</Derivation>
</Field>
<Field name='accounts[Lighthouse].telephone'>
<Expansion><ref>telephone</ref></Expansion>
</Field>
</Form>
</Extension>
</Configuration>
NOTE
SPML class forms contain no <Display> elements. These forms are
defined only for data transformation, not for interactive editing.
For every attribute in a class definition, there is a pair of field definitions. One field
uses a <Derivation> expression to transform the internal view attribute name to the
external name. One field uses an <Expansion> expression to transform the external
name to the internal name.
The form is processed in such a way that when attributes are returned to the client,
only the result of the <Derivation> expressions are included. When attributes are
being sent from the client to the server, only the results of the <Expansion>
expressions are assimilated back into the view. The effect is similar to the schema
map of a Resource definition.
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Editing the Configuration: User Extended Attributes Object
Any attributes that you want to use in an SPML search filter must be defined as an
extended attribute for Identity Manager users. This causes the value of the attribute
to be stored in the Identity Manager repository, even if that value is also stored as a
resource account attribute. You should generally try to minimize the number of
extended attributes because it increases repository size as well as the chances of
consistency problems between attributes stored in Identity Manager and the real
value of the attribute stored on a resource. But for an attribute to be used in an
Identity Manager query, it must be declared as extended so that the value is always
accessible when the repository query indexes are built.
You must define as an extended attribute any attribute that you want to include in
the set of summary attributes for the user. You can use summary attributes to
optimize searches by avoiding deserialization of the object XML, and instead
return only a few of the most important attributes of the user. In the Identity
Manager SPML implementation, summary attributes are returned whenever you
do not explicitly provide a list of return attributes in the search request.
In the default SPML configuration, the attributes telephone and description from
the standard person schema are declared as extended attributes.
Code Example 7-3
telephone and description Declared as Extended Attributes
<Configuration id='#ID#Configuration:UserExtendedAttributes' name='User Extended
Attributes'>
<Extension>
<List>
<!-- this is the standard set -->
<String>firstname</String>
<String>lastname</String>
<String>fullname</String>
<!-- these are the SPML extensions -->
<String>description</String>
<String>telephone</String>
</List>
</Extension>
</Configuration>
You can customize the list of attributes according to the needs of your site.
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The names you choose for the extended attributes depend on the mappings
performed in the class form. Because the default SPMLPerson form maps sn into
lastname, the extended attribute must be declared as lastname. Because the form
does not transform the name of telephone or description, the extended attribute
name comes directly from the SPML schema.
Beyond declaring extended attributes, you must also modify the
Configuration:UserUIConfig object to declare which of the attributes are to be
queryable (that is, usable in an SPML filter) and which are to be summary
attributes (returned by an optimized search result).
Editing the Configuration: UserUIConfig Object
You must declare:
•
Any attributes you want to use in an SPML search filter in the
<QueryableAttrNames> section of the UserUIConfig object.
•
Any attributes you want to return in an optimized SPML search result in the
<SummaryAttrNames> section.
Code Example 7-4 defines the extended attribute telephone as a queryable and
summary attribute. It also has declarations for firstname and lastname but those
are usually already declared. You can customize these lists according to the needs
of your site.
Code Example 7-4
telephone Defined as Queryable and Summary Attribute
<Object>
<Attribute name='add'>
<Object>
<Attribute name='SummaryAttrNames'>
<List>
<!-- these are usually there, but make sure -->
<String>firstname</String>
<String>lastname</String>
<!-- this is an SPML addition -->
<String>telephone</String>
</List>
</Attribute>
<Attribute name='QueryableAttrNames'>
<List>
<!-- these are usually there, but make sure -->
<String>firstname</String>
<String>lastname</String>
<!-- this is an SPML addition -->
<String>telephone</String>
</List>
</Attribute>
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telephone Defined as Queryable and Summary Attribute (Continued)
Code Example 7-4
</Object>
</Attribute>
</Object>
Editing the TaskDefinition: SPMLRequest Object
The spml.xml file also includes a brief definition for a new system task named
SpmlRequest. This task is used to implement asynchronous SPML requests. When
the server receives an asynchronous request, a new instance of this task is
launched, and the SPML message is passed as an input variable for the task. The
repository ID of the task instance is then returned in the SPML response for later
status requests.
<TaskDefinition name='SPMLRequest'
executor='com.waveset.rpc.SpmlExecutor'
execMode='asyncImmediate'
resultLimit='86400'>
</TaskDefinition>
You must not change the name of the definition, the name of the executor, or the
execution mode. You may, however, want to change the value of resultLimit.
When an asynchronous request has completed, the result is typically retained for a
period of time so that the client can issue an SPML status request to obtain the
results. How long the results should be retained will be site-specific.
If non-negative, resultLimit specifies the time (in seconds) that the system will
retain results after a task has completed. The default value for SPMLRequests is
typically 3600 seconds, or approximately one hour. Other tasks default to 0 seconds
unless the task is changed to another value.
If negative, the request instance will never be removed automatically.
252
TIP
Set the value of resultLimit to the shortest possible time to avoid
cluttering the repository.
NOTE
The SPE SPML interface does not support asynchronous requests.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Configuring SPML
Deployment Descriptor
The Identity Manager deployment descriptor, typically found in the file
WEB-INF/web.xml, must contain a declaration for the servlet that receives SOAP
messages.
If you are having difficulty contacting the SPML web service, look in the web.xml
file for a servlet declaration that looks like Code Example 7-5:
Code Example 7-5
Servlet Declaration
<servlet>
<servlet-name>rpcrouter2</servlet-name>
<display-name>OpenSPML SOAP Router</display-name>
<description>no description</description>
<servlet-class>
org.openspml.server.SOAPRouter
</servlet-class>
<init-param>
<param-name>handlers</param-name>
<param-value>com.waveset.rpc.SimpleRpcHandler</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>spmlHandler</param-name>
<param-value>com.waveset.rpc.SpmlHandler</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>rpcHandler</param-name>
<param-value>com.waveset.rpc.RemoteSessionHandler</param-value>
</init-param>
</servlet>
This declaration allows you to access the addRequest, modifyRequest, and
searchRequest web services through the URL:
http://<host>:<port>/idm/servlet/rpcrouter2
You do not need to define a <servlet-mapping> (although you can). Do not modify
the contents of this servlet declaration.
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Understanding How Requests Are Processed
Understanding How Requests Are Processed
This section gives a general overview of how SPML requests are processed in
Identity Manager.
How an Add Request is Processed
The following steps describe the processing of an Add request.
1.
An SPML <addRequest> message is received. The request must include a value
for the objectclass attribute.
2.
The server examines the Configuration:SPML object to find the definition for
the class. From the class definition, it obtains the associated view type and
form name.
3.
The server calls the Session.createView method to construct a new view for
that type.
4.
The attributes included in the request are processed by the class form. The
results of the <Expansion> expressions are assimilated into the view.
5.
The view is checked in.
How a Modify Request is Processed
The following steps describe how a Modify request is processed:
254
1.
An SPML <modifyRequest> message is received. The request can include an
optional objectclass attribute. The request must contain an identifier for an
existing object. The identifier must include both the repository type and the
object name.
2.
The server calls Session.checkoutView for the existing object.
3.
The server examines the Configuration:SPML object to find the definition for
the class. If an objectclass attribute was passed in the request, that value
determines the class. Otherwise, the class marked as the default class for the
repository type is used.
4.
The attributes included in the request are processed by the form that is
specified by the class definition. The results of the <Expansion> expressions are
assimilated into the view.
5.
The view is checked in.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Understanding How Requests Are Processed
How a Search Request is Processed
The following steps describe how a Search request is processed:
1.
An SPML <searchRequest> message is received. The request can include an
optional objectclass attribute.
2.
The server examines the Configuration:SPML object to find the definition for
the class. If an objectclass attribute was passed in the request, that
determines the class. Otherwise, the class marked as the default class for the
User type is used.
3.
If the request includes a filter, it is converted to a list of AttributeCondition
objects. Because the filter terms are written using the external names, the class
form is consulted to convert these into the names of queryable attributes on the
repository type.
4.
The server calls the Session.listObjects method with the repository type
and optional conditions.
5.
The server builds the search response by iterating over each row of the
listObjects call applying the following steps.
6.
If no list of return attributes is specified in the search, only the summary
attributes defined for the repository type are returned. The class form is used to
convert the internal summary attribute names into the external names.
7.
If a list of return attributes is specified, and these all correspond to summary
attributes, the summary attribute values are returned. The form is again used
to convert internal to external names.
8.
If a return attribute is specified that is not a summary attribute, the server calls
Session.getView on this object to materialize the view. The view is processed
with the class form and the results of the <Derivation> expressions are
captured and returned as the results for that row.
Identity Manager first attempts to satisfy a search request using only the summary
attributes defined for a type. The result is a much faster search, especially if no
filter is specified and many objects are included in the result. If a view must be
instantiated to perform the search, the search will be substantially slower, and
should only be performed if a filter is specified that restricts the result to a small
number of objects.
If you know the identity of an object and want to retrieve its attributes without
writing a filter expression, use the identity as the value of the baseContext in the
search request. This will result in a faster search, because Identity Manager can
avoid the query and just build the view.
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Launching the SPML Browser
If you do not specify return attributes, only the summary attributes are returned.
Consequently, if you want all attributes, you must explicitly include them in the
return attribute list. Because requesting all available attributes is a common
operation, this is somewhat inconvenient. As an alternative to specifying a
complete list of attributes, Identity Manager recognizes a single return attribute
named view to indicate that the object view should be fully instantiated and
processed with the class form to produce the result.
You can also specify an attribute level (such as accounts[Lighthouse] or
accountinfo). If you specify a level, Identity Manager will return all attribute
values within the scope of that level for the fully instantiated view.
Launching the SPML Browser
You can use the OpenSPML Browser application to test the Identity Manager
SPML configuration.
To launch the browser from the command line, type:
lh spml
NOTE
For more information about using the lh spml command, see Sun
Javaв„ў System Identity Manager Administration.
Connecting to the Identity Manager Server
To connect to the Identity Manager server, open the Connect page and enter the
URL of the Identity Manager server. For example, if your server is running on port
8080 on the local machine, the URL would be:
http://localhost:8080/idm/servlet/rpcrouter2
Where localhost is the machine on which you are running Identity Manager.
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Testing and Troubleshooting the SPML Configuration
Testing and Troubleshooting the SPML
Configuration
To test your SPML configuration:
1.
Open the Connect page and click Test.
A dialog indicating that the connection was successful pops up.
2.
Open the Schema page and click Submit.
The system displays a tree view of the schemas supported by the Identity
Manager server.
If you cannot establish a successful connection
•
Double-check the URL you entered.
•
If the error you receive contains phrases such as “no response” or
“connection refused,” then the problem is most likely the host or port used in
the connection URL.
•
If the error suggests that a connection was made, but the web application or
servlet could not be located, the problem is most likely in the
WEB-INF/web.xml file. See “Deployment Descriptor” on page 43 for more
information.
Developing SPML Applications
Once the server is configured, an application will need a mechanism to send SPML
messages and receive SPML responses. For Java applications, the easiest way to
accomplish this is to make use of the OpenSPML Toolkit. The toolkit is available
from www.openspml.org and is bundled with Identity Manager.
The toolkit provides the following components:
•
Java class model for SPML messages
•
Classes to send and receive messages on the client
•
Classes to receive and process requests on the server
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Table 7-3 summarizes the most important classes provided by the toolkit. Each
request type has a corresponding class. Consult the JavaDocs distributed with the
toolkit for complete information.
Table 7-3
Classes Provided by OpenSPML Toolkit
Class
Description
AddRequest
Constructs a message that requests the creation of a new object.
The type of object to create is defined by passing an attribute named objectclass. Other attributes
passed should adhere to the schema associated with the object class. SPML does not yet define
any standard schemas. Identity Manager can be configured to support any desired schema.
ModifyRequest
Constructs a message that requests the modification of an existing object. You need include only
those attributes that you want to modify in the request. Attributes not included in the request retain
their current value.
DeleteRequest
Constructs a message that requests the deletion of an object.
SearchRequest
Constructs a message that requests attributes of objects that match certain criteria.
BatchRequest
Constructs a message that can contain more than one SPML request.
CancelRequest
Constructs a message that cancels a request that was formerly executed asynchronously.
SchemaRequest
Constructs a message that requests information about the SPML object classes supported by the
server.
StatusRequest
Constructs a message that requests the status of a request that was formerly executed
asynchronously.
SpmlResponse
The base class for objects representing response messages sent back from the server. Each
request class has a corresponding response class: AddResponse and ModifyResponse, for example.
SpmlClient
Provides a simple interface for sending and receiving SPML messages.
NOTE
The SPE REF Kit provides an SpmlUsage.java file that demonstrates
how to use the SPE SPML interface. This REF Kit also contains an ant
script that compiles the SpmlUsage class.
Usage:
java [ -Dtrace=true ] com.sun.idm.idmx.example.SpmlUsage [ URL ]
where URL points to the SPE SPML interface and defaults to
http://localhost:8080/idm/spespml
If you enable trace for SPE, all SPE SPML messages will be printed to
the standard output.
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ExtendedRequest Examples
Table 7-4 describes the ExtendedRequest classes used to send and receive messages
on the client.
Table 7-4
ExtendedRequest Classes for Sending and Receiving Messages
ExtendedRequest
Description
deleteUser
Constructs a message that requests the deletion of a user.
disableUser
Constructs a message that requests the disabling of a user.
enableUser
Constructs a message that requests the enabling of a user.
resetUserPassword
Constructs a message that requests the reset of a user password.
changeUserPassword
Constructs a message that requests the change of a user password.
launchProcess
Constructs a message that requests the launch of a process.
listResourceobjects
Constructs a message to request the name of a resource object in the
Identity Manager repository, and the type of object supported by that
resource. The request returns a list of names.
runForm
Allows you to create custom SPML requests that return information
obtained by calling the Identity Manager Session API.
The server code converts the extended requests into view operations.
Sample Extended Request
Extended requests typically take the format shown in Code Example 7-6:
Code Example 7-6
Extended Request Format
ExtendedRequest req = new ExtendedRequest();
req.setOperationIdentifier("changeUserPassword");
req.setAttribute("accountId", "jlarson");
req.setAttribute("password", "xyzzy");
req.setAttribute("accounts","Lighthouse,LDAP,RACF");
ExtendedResponse res = (ExtendedResponse) client.send(req);
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Most SPML extended requests take the following arguments:
•
accountId — Identifies the Identity Manager user name
•
accounts — Lists resource names in a comma-delimited list
If you do not pass an accounts attributes, the operation will update all resource
accounts linked to the user, including itself. If you do pass accounts, the operation
updates only the specified resources. You must include Lighthouse in a non-null
accounts list if you want to update the Identity Manager user in addition to specific
resource accounts.
deleteUser
Code Example 7-7 shows a typical format for deleteUser request
(View — Deprovision view).
Code Example 7-7
deleteUser Request
ExtendedRequest req = new ExtendedRequest();
req.setOperationIdentifier("deleteUser");
req.setAttribute("accountId", "jlarson");
req.setAttribute("accounts", "xyzzy");
req.setAttribute("accounts","Lighthouse,LDAP,RACF");
ExtendedResponse res = (ExtendedResponse) client.send(req);
disableUser
Code Example 7-8 shows a typical format for disableUser request
(View — Disable view).
Code Example 7-8
disableUser Request
ExtendedRequest req = new ExtendedRequest();
req.setOperationIdentifier("disableUser");
req.setAttribute("accountId", "jlarson");
req.setAttribute("accounts", "xyzzy");
req.setAttribute("accounts","Lighthouse,LDAP,RACF");
ExtendedResponse res = (ExtendedResponse) client.send(req);
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enableUser
Code Example 7-9 shows a typical format for enableUser request
(View — Enable view).
Code Example 7-9
enableUser Request
ExtendedRequest req = new ExtendedRequest();
req.setOperationIdentifier("enableUser");
req.setAttribute("accountId", "jlarson");
req.setAttribute("accounts", "xyzzy");
req.setAttribute("accounts","Lighthouse,LDAP,RACF");
ExtendedResponse res = (ExtendedResponse) client.send(req);
resetUserPassword
Code Example 7-10 shows a typical format for resetUser request
(View — Reset User Password view).
Code Example 7-10
resetUser Request
ExtendedRequest req = new ExtendedRequest();
req.setOperationIdentifier("resetUserPassword");
req.setAttribute("accountId", "jlarson");
req.setAttribute("accounts", "xyzzy");
req.setAttribute("accounts","Lighthouse,LDAP,RACF");
ExtendedResponse res = (ExtendedResponse) client.send(req);
changeUserPassword
Code Example 7-11 shows a typical format for changeUserPassword request. (
View — Change User Password view).
Code Example 7-11
changeUserPassword Request
ExtendedRequest req = new ExtendedRequest();
req.setOperationIdentifier("changeUserPassword");
req.setAttribute("accountId", "jlarson");
req.setAttribute("password", "xyzzy");
req.setAttribute("accounts","Lighthouse,LDAP,RACF");
ExtendedResponse res = (ExtendedResponse) client.send(req);
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launchProcess
Code Example 7-12 shows a typical format for launchProcess request.
(View — Process view).
Code Example 7-12
launchProcess Request
ExtendedRequest req = new ExtendedRequest();
req.setOperationIdentifier("launchProcess");
req.setAttribute("process", "my custom process");
req.setAttribute("taskName", "my task instance");
ExtendedResponse res = (ExtendedResponse) client.send(req);
Where:
•
Process — name of the workflow to launch
•
Workflow — any TaskName
The process attribute names a Task Definition object in the Identity Manager
repository that is to be run. The taskName attribute is used to name the Task
Instance object that is created to hold the runtime state of the process. The
remaining attributes are arbitrary, and are passed into the task. The launchProcess
request can be used to start any custom process.
listResourceObjects
Code Example 7-13 shows a typical format for listResourceObjects request.
Code Example 7-13
listResourceObjects Request
ExtendedRequest req = new ExtendedRequest();
req.setOperationIdentifier("listResourceObjects");
req.setAttribute("resource", "LDAP");
req.setAttribute("type", "group");
ExtendedResponse res = (ExtendedResponse) client.send(req);
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Where:
•
resource: Specifies the name of a Resource object in the Identity Manager
repository
•
type: Specifies the type of an object supported by that resource
runForm
Code Example 7-14 shows a typical format for a runForm request.
Code Example 7-14
runForm Request
ExtendedRequest req = new ExtendedRequest();
req.setOperationIdentifier("runForm");
req.setAttribute("form", "SPML Get Object Names");
ExtendedResponse res = (ExtendedResponse) client.send(req);
Where form is the name of a Configuration object containing a form.
Example Form
The form shown in Code Example 7-15 runs queries and returns a list of the Role,
Resource, and Organization names accessible to the current user.
Code Example 7-15
Query Form
<Configuration name='SPML Get Object Names'>
<Extension>
<Form>
<Field name='roles'>
<Derivation>
<invoke name='com.waveset.ui.FormUtil'>
<ref>display.session</ref>
<s>Role</s>
</invoke>
</Derivation>
</Field>
<Field name='resources'>
<Derivation>
<invoke name='com.waveset.ui.FormUtil'>
<ref>display.session</ref>
<s>Resource</s>
</invoke>
</Derivation>
</Field>
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Developing SPML Applications
Code Example 7-15
Query Form (Continued)
<Field name='organizations'>
<Derivation>
<invoke name='com.waveset.ui.FormUtil'>
<ref>display.session</ref>
<s>ObjectGroup</s>
</invoke>
</Derivation>
</Field>
</Form>
</Extension>
</Configuration>
The runForm request allows you to create custom SPML requests that return
information obtained by calling the Identity Manager Session API. For example,
when configuring a user interface for editing users, you might want to provide a
selector that displays the names of the organizations, roles resources, and policies
that can be assigned to a user. You can configure the SPML interface to expose
these objects as SPML object classes then use a searchRequest to query for their
names. However, this would require four searchRequests to gather the
information. You can reduce the number of SPML requests by instead encoding the
queries in a form, then using a single runForm request to perform the queries and
return the combined results.
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Developing SPML Applications
Using Trace with SPML
SPML provides the following options for turning on trace output so you can log
Identity Manager’s SPML traffic and to help you diagnose problems.
Method 1
The SpmlClient and LighthouseClient classes both provide a setTrace method
that takes a Boolean argument. If you enable this setTrace method, the XML for
the request sent by the client and the XML for the response received from the
server will be printed to the client console as they are sent and received.
For example
SpmlClient client = new SpmlClient();
client.setURL("http://www.company.com/idm/spml");
client.setTrace(true);
Method 2
To turn tracing on for an individual SPML RPC request, you can pass the trace
operational attribute to the RPC request on the server side.
Tracing occurs during servlet initialization, and it controls how information is
output for the RPC traffic of a servlet handling SPMLv2 requests. For example, the
trace prints the raw XML that is sent back and forth on whatever the System.out is
for that servlet (which is a function of the App container). For example:
AddRequest ar = new AddRequest();
ar.setOperationalAttribute("trace", "true");
How using the trace attribute will affect server operation is vendor-specific.
Currently, Identity Manager prints the raw request and response data to the server
console, which is useful if the client application is not associated with a console
window.
The code is not yet implemented in Identity Manager, so for more information
consult your OpenSPML Toolkit product documentation.
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Examples
Examples
This section provides the following examples to illustrate several common
methods for implementing SPML:
•
Add Request
•
Modify Request
•
Search Request
Add Request
An example Add Request is shown in Code Example 7-16:
Code Example 7-16
Add Request
SpmlClient client = new SpmlClient();
client.setURL("http://www.company.com/idm/spml");
AddRequest req = new AddRequest();
req.setObjectClass("person");
req.setIdentifier("maurelius");
req.setAttribute("gn", "Marcus");
req.setAttribute("sn", "Aurelius");
req.setAttribute("email", "[email protected]");
SpmlResponse res = client.request(req);
if (res.getResult() .equals(SpmlResponse.RESULT_SUCCESS))
System.out.println("Person was successfully created");
Modify Request
This section provides two example Authenticated SPML Modify Requests.
The only difference between these examples is that the Code Example 7-18 uses the
LighthouseClient class and two additional method calls to client.setUser and
client.setPassword.
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Examples
Code Example 7-17
Authenticated SPML Request
SpmlClient client = new SpmlClient();
client.setURL("http://www.company.com/idm/spml");
ModifyRequest req = new ModifyRequest();
req.setIdentifier("maurelius");
req.setModification("email", "[email protected]");
SpmlResponse res = client.request(req);
if (res.getResult() .equals(SpmlResponse.RESULT_SUCCESS))
System.out.println("Person was successfully modified");
Code Example 7-18
Authenticated SPML Request with LighthouseClient
LighthouseClient client = new LighthouseClient();
client.setURL("http://www.company.com/idm/spml");
client.setUser("maurelius");
client.setPassword("xyzzy");
ModifyRequest req = new ModifyRequest();
req.setIdentifier("maurelius");
req.setModification("email", "[email protected]");
SpmlResponse res = client.request(req);
if (res.getResult() .equals(SpmlResponse.RESULT_SUCCESS))
System.out.println("Person was successfully modified");
Search Request
An example Search Request is shown in Code Example 7-19:
Code Example 7-19
Search Request
SpmlClient client = new SpmlClient();
client.setURL("http://www.company.com/idm/spml");
SearchRequst req = new SearchRequest();
// specify the attributes to return
req.addAttribute("sn");
req.addAttribute("email");
// specify the filter
FilterTerm ft = new FilterTerm();
ft.setOperation(FilterTerm.OP_EQUAL);
ft.setName("gn");
ft.setValue("Jeff");
req.addFilter(ft);
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Examples
Code Example 7-19
Search Request (Continued)
SearchResponse res = (SearchResponse)client.request(req);
// display the results
List results = res.getResults();
if (results != null) {
for (int i = 0 ; i < results.size() ; i++) {
SearchResult sr = (SearchResult)results.get(i);
System.out.println("Identifier=" +
sr.getIdentifierString() +
" sn=" +
sr.getAttribute("sn") +
" email=" +
sr.getAttribute("email"));
}
}
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Chapter 8
Using SPML 2.0 with Identity
Manager Web Services
This chapter describes SPML 2.0 support in Identity Manager 7.1; including which
features are supported and why, how to configure SPML 2.0 support, and how to
extend support in the field.
NOTE
This chapter focuses exclusively on SPML 2.0. Unless noted
otherwise, all references to SPML in this chapter indicate the 2.0
version.
You should also read Chapter 7, “Using SPML 1.0 with Identity
Manager Web Services,” which also contains useful information
about using SPML.
This information is organized as follows:
•
Who Should Read This Chapter
•
Overview
•
Configuring Identity Manager to Use SPML 2.0
•
Extending the System
269
Who Should Read This Chapter
Who Should Read This Chapter
Application developers and developers who are responsible for integrating
Identity Manager can use the SPML classes described in this chapter to format
service provisioning request messages and to parse response messages.
Overview
Identity Manager’s Web services are SOAP-based programmatic interfaces that
enable Identity Manager to communicate with other Web-based applications —
without being restricted to a particular operating system or programming
language.
Web services interfaces are hosted on a Web server, and their functions are
exposed through the following open standards over an Internet protocol
framework:
•
XML: Used to tag data
•
SOAP: Used to encode and transfer data over the Internet
•
WSDL: Used to describe available services
•
UDDI: Used to list which services are available
You can access Identity Manager Web services using SOAP messages over an
HTTP connection.
How SPML 2.0 Compares to SPML 1.0
Identity Manager Web services support both SPML version 1.0 and version 2.0
protocols (open standards for service provisioning using XML) for communication
with provisioning systems.
NOTE
270
See Chapter 7, “Using SPML 1.0 with Identity Manager Web
Services” for information about using SPML version 1.0 with
Identity Manager.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Overview
SPML 2.0 offers many improvements over SPML 1.0, including:
•
Where SPML 1.0 has been called a slightly improved DSML, SPML 2.0 defines
an extensible protocol (through Capabilities) with support for a DSML profile,
as well as XML Schema profiles. SPML 2.0 differentiates between the protocol
and the data it carries.
•
An SPML 2.0 provider can provide multiple targets, or endpoints.
•
The SPML 2.0 protocol enables better interoperability between vendors —
especially for the Core capabilities (those found in 1.0).
You can “extend” SPML 1.0 using ExtendedRequest, but there is no guidance
about what those requests can be. SPML 2.0 defines a set of “standard
capabilities” that allow you to add support in well-defined ways.
•
Table 8-1
SPML 2.0 provides additional capabilities that enable progressive support (see
Table 8-1)
SPML Capabilities
SPML 1.0
SPML 2.0
Add
Add
Modify
Modify
Delete
Delete
Lookup
Lookup
SchemaRequest
ListTargets
Search
Search as a “standard” Capability (not supported this release)
ExtendedRequest
Captured in “standard” Capabilities:
•
Async: Asynchronous processing of requirements
•
Batch: Process a batch of requests
•
BulK: Process modifies or deletes using iteration
•
Password: Change, set, reset, validate, or expire passwords
•
Reference: Refer to PSOs between targets
•
Search: Search for PSOs
•
Suspend: Enable or disable PSOs
•
Update: Find change records for objects that have been updated (can also be
captured in “custom” Capabilities.)
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Overview
How SPML 2.0 Concepts Are Mapped to Identity
Manager
SPML 2.0 uses its own terminology to discuss the objects that are managed by a
provisioning system — defining terms like PSO and psoID. This section discusses
the how these concepts are mapped into Identity Manager.
Target
A target is a logical end-point in the server. Each target is named and declares the
schema of the objects (see the following “PSO” section) that it manages. The target
also declares which capabilities (set of requests) are supported.
Currently, Identity Manager supports only one target — you cannot declare
multiple targets. You can name this target anything you want, but the data objects’
format must conform to the DSML-profile.
The supported target is the one target defined in the spml2.xml file
(Configuration:SPML2 object). For example, in Code Example 8-6 on page 278
ListTargetResponse returns one target, spml2-DSML-Target.
PSO
As mentioned in the previous section, targets manage PSOs. A PSO (Provisioning
Service Object) is somewhat analogous to a view in Identity Manager, but without
behavior. Consequently, you can think of a PSO as the data portion of an Identity
Manager view; a user view in particular.
NOTE
As of this release, Identity Manager only manages Users and
requires you to define a UserExtendedAttribute called
objectclass.
For Identity Manager’s purposes, a PSO is a collection of attributes that are
mapped (via a form) to and from a user view. Each object specifies an objectclass
attribute that is used to map the object to an objectclass definition in the schema
defined for the target. This attribute is used in turn to find a repoType and a form
that maps the attributes to and from the Identity Manager view.
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Overview
PSOIdentifier
SPML includes an object ID, called a PsoID.
Because the specification recommends that a PSOIdentifier (PsoID) be opaque to a
requestor (client), Identity Manager uses its repository ID (repoID) as the PsoID
when adding PSOs to the system.
The repoID is distinct and is not meant for presentation to a user. When a requestor
displays a PSO to a user, it should use the equivalent of the waveset.accountid (or
whatever attributes are used in the Identity template) to present the object’s ID.
When identifying the PSO (as in a ModifyRequest), the requestor should use the
repoID and not the waveset.accountId. Although the requestor can use the
waveset.accountId as a PSOIdentifier, doing so is not recommended and it may
change in a future release. Requestors should try to keep the PsoID opaque.
PSOs use an objectclass attribute to specify the object type. For Identity Manager
this attribute must be a UserExtendedAttribute. If this attribute is not there when
a request is made, Identity Manager allows you to specify a “default” to use. You
might not see an objectclass attribute for users that existed before you enabled
SPML 2.0.
Open Content and Operational Attributes
SPML makes heavy use of xsd:any in the .xsds to provide what the specification
refers to as Open Content. In SPML, Open Content means that most elements can
contain elements of any type. Identity Manager uses this idea to provide
OperationalNVPs (NameValuePairs) and OperationalAttributes that control
processing. OperationalNVPs appear as elements in the XML, while Operational
Attributes appear as attributes. See the OpenSPML 2.0 Toolkit at
http://www.openspml.org for more information.
OperationalNVPs and Operational Attributes are discussed further in
the“Supported SPML 2.0 Capabilities,” section; however, you use one NVP in all
requests (except ListTargets) and in all responses. Identity Manager stores a
sessionToken in an OperationalNVP called session, which allows the system to
cache sessions on behalf of the user and improves efficiency.
Supported SPML 2.0 Capabilities
Identity Manager 7.0 supports all of the Core capabilities in the SPML 2.0
specification, using the DSML profile. Identity Manager also supports some of the
optional Standard capabilities (such as Batch and Async) and partially supports
some Standard capabilities (such as Bulk).
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Overview
This section describes which SPML 2.0 capabilities are supported in Identity
Manager 7.0, where Identity Manager (knowingly) varies from the specification
and profile document, and which operational attributes are required by Identity
Manager.
Supported Core Capabilities
Identity Manager supports the following Core capabilities:
Table 8-2
Core Capabilities
Capability
Description
Operational Attributes
Caveats
AddRequest
Adds a specified
PSO to the system.
None
Identity Manager officially supports only
a single target.
DeleteRequest
Deletes a specified
PSO from the
system.
None
Identity Manager officially supports only
a single target.
ListTargetsRequest
Lists the targets that
are available through
Identity Manager.
•
username: Specifies
the name of the user.
•
Identity Manager officially supports a
single target.
•
password: Specifies
the password to use for
establishing a session.
•
Identity Manager does not require
you to use listTargets as the first
call in a conversation; however, it
does allow operationalAttributes
on this request to specify a
username/password pair for
establishing a session with the
server. (You can also use
Waveset.properties.)
In general, it is more efficient to login
and use the session token. Identity
Manager provides a class called
SessionAwareSpml2Client for this
purpose.
LookupRequest
Finds and returns the
attributes of the
named PSO.
None
None
ModifyRequest
Modifies specified
PSO attributes.
None
Due to a discrepancy between the main
SPML 2.0 specification and the DSML
Profile specification, Identity Manager
does not support select (and
component, etc.). Instead Identity
Manager uses the DSML Modification
Mode and elements according to the
DSML Profile.
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Overview
NOTE
General caveats include:
•
Identity Manager supports only the DSML Profile.
•
Identity Manager does not require listTargets to be the first
call in a conversation; however, it does allow
operationalAttributes on this request to specify a
username/password pair for establishing a session with the
server. (You can also use Waveset.properties.)
AddRequest and ListTargetRequest examples follow.
AddRequest Examples
This section provides several AddRequest examples.
Code Example 8-1 is a .jsp that invokes a ListTargetsRequest through Identity
Manager's SessionAwareSpml2Client class.
Code Example 8-1
Example Client Code
<%@page contentType="text/html"%>
<%@page import="org.openspml.v2.client.*,
com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.SessionAwareSpml2Client"%>
<%@page import="org.openspml.v2.profiles.dsml.*"%>
<%@page import="org.openspml.v2.profiles.*"%>
<%@page import="org.openspml.v2.util.xml.*"%>
<%@page import="org.openspml.v2.msg.*"%>
<%@page import="org.openspml.v2.msg.spml.*"%>
<%@page import="org.openspml.v2.util.*"%>
<%
final String url = "http://localhost:8080/idm/servlet/openspml2";
%>
<html>
<head><title>SPML2 Test</title></head>
<body>
<%
// need a client.
SessionAwareSpml2Client client = new SessionAwareSpml2Client( url );
// login
client.login("configurator", "password");
// AddRequest
String rid = "rid-spmlv2"; // The RequestId is not strictly required.
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Overview
Code Example 8-1
Example Client Code(Continued)
Extensible data = new Extensible();
data.addOpenContentElement(new DSMLAttr("accountId", user));
data.addOpenContentElement(new DSMLAttr("objectclass", "spml2Person"));
data.addOpenContentElement(new DSMLAttr("credentials", password));
AddRequest add = new AddRequest(rid, // String requestId,
ExecutionMode.SYNCHRONOUS, // ExecutionMode executionMode,
null, // PSOIdentifier type,
null, // PSOIdentifier containerID,
data, // Extensible data,
null, // CapabilityData[] capabilityData,
null, // String targetId,
null // ReturnData returnData
);
// Submit the request
Response res = client.send( add );
%>
<%= res.toString()%>
</body>
</html>
Code Example 8-2 shows the body of the SOAP message that was sent.
Code Example 8-2
Example Request XML
<addRequest xmlns='urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:2:0' requestID='rid-spmlv2'
executionMode='synchronous'>
<openspml:operationalNameValuePair xmlns:openspml='urn:org:openspml:v2:util:xml'
name='session' value='AAALPgAAYD0A...'/>
<data>
<dsml:attr xmlns:dsml='urn:oasis:names:tc:DSML:2:0:core' name='accountId'>
<dsml:value>exampleSpml2Person</dsml:value>
</dsml:attr>
<dsml:attr xmlns:dsml='urn:oasis:names:tc:DSML:2:0:core' name='objectclass'>
<dsml:value>spml2Person</dsml:value>
</dsml:attr>
<dsml:attr xmlns:dsml='urn:oasis:names:tc:DSML:2:0:core' name='credentials'>
<dsml:value>pwdpwd</dsml:value>
</dsml:attr>
</data>
</addRequest>
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Overview
Code Example 8-3 shows the body of the SOAP message that is returned to the
client.
Code Example 8-3
Example Response XML
<addResponse xmlns='urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:2:0' status='success' requestID='rid-spmlv2'>
<openspml:operationalNameValuePair xmlns:openspml='urn:org:openspml:v2:util:xml'
name='session' value='AAALPgAAYD0A...'/>
<pso>
<psoID ID='anSpml2Person'/>
<data>
<dsml:attr xmlns:dsml='urn:oasis:names:tc:DSML:2:0:core' name='accountId'>
<dsml:value>anSpml2Person</dsml:value>
</dsml:attr>
<dsml:attr xmlns:dsml='urn:oasis:names:tc:DSML:2:0:core' name='objectclass'>
<dsml:value>spml2Person</dsml:value>
</dsml:attr>
<dsml:attr xmlns:dsml='urn:oasis:names:tc:DSML:2:0:core' name='credentials'>
<dsml:value>pwdpwd</dsml:value>
</dsml:attr>
</data>
</pso>
</addResponse>
ListTargetsRequest Examples
The following examples show ListsTargetRequest that are available via Identity
Manager.
Code Example 8-4 shows a .jsp invokes a ListTargetsRequest via Identity
Manager's SessionAwareSpml2Client class.
Code Example 8-4
Example Client Code
<%@page contentType="text/html"%>
<%@page import="org.openspml.v2.client.*,
com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.SessionAwareSpml2Client"%>
<%@page import="org.openspml.v2.profiles.dsml.*"%>
<%@page import="org.openspml.v2.profiles.*"%>
<%@page import="org.openspml.v2.util.xml.*"%>
<%@page import="org.openspml.v2.msg.*"%>
<%@page import="org.openspml.v2.msg.spml.*"%>
<%@page import="org.openspml.v2.util.*"%>
<%
final String url = "http://localhost:8080/idm/servlet/openspml2";
%>
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Overview
Code Example 8-4
Example Client Code(Continued)
<html>
<head><title>SPML2 Test</title></head>
<body>
<%
// need a client.
SessionAwareSpml2Client client = new SessionAwareSpml2Client( url );
// login (sends a ListTargetsRequest)
Response res = client.login("configurator", "password");
%>
<%= res.toString()%>
</body>
</html>
Code Example 8-5 shows the body of the SOAP message that is sent.
Code Example 8-5
Example Request XML
<listTargetsRequest xmlns='urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:2:0' requestID='rid[7013]'
executionMode='synchronous'>
<openspml:operationalNameValuePair xmlns:openspml='urn:org:openspml:v2:util:xml'
name='accountId' value='configurator'/>
<openspml:operationalNameValuePair xmlns:openspml='urn:org:openspml:v2:util:xml'
name='password' value='password'/>
</listTargetsRequest>
Code Example 8-6 shows the body of the SOAP message that is received by or
returned to the client.
Code Example 8-6
Example Response XML
<listTargetsResponse xmlns='urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:2:0' status='success' requestID='rid[6843]'>
<openspml:operationalNameValuePair xmlns:openspml='urn:org:openspml:v2:util:xml'
name='session' value='AAALPgAAYD0A...'/>
<target targetID='spml2-DSML-Target' profile='urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:2:0:DSML'>
<schema>
<spmldsml:schema xmlns:spmldsml='urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:2:0:DSML'>
<spmldsml:objectClassDefinition name='spml2Person'>
<spmldsml:memberAttributes>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinitionReference required='true' name='objectclass'/>
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Overview
Code Example 8-6
Example Response XML(Continued)
<spmldsml:attributeDefinitionReference required='true' name='accountId'/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinitionReference required='true' name='credentials'/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinitionReference name='firstname'/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinitionReference name='lastname'/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinitionReference name='emailAddress'/>
</spmldsml:memberAttributes>
</spmldsml:objectClassDefinition>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinition name='objectclass'/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinition description='Account Id' name='accountId'/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinition description='Credentials, e.g. password'
name='credentials'/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinition description='First Name' name='firstname'/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinition description='Last Name' name='lastname'/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinition description='Email Address' name='emailAddress'/>
</spmldsml:schema>
<supportedSchemaEntity entityName='spml2Person'/>
</schema>
<capabilities>
<capability namespaceURI='urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:2:0:async'/>
<capability namespaceURI='urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:2:0:batch'/>
<capability namespaceURI='urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:2:0:bulk'/>
<capability namespaceURI='urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:2:0:pass'/>
<capability namespaceURI='urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:2:0:suspend'/>
</capabilities>
</target>
</listTargetsResponse>
Async Capability Support
Identity Manager supports the Async capabilities described in Table 8-3:
Table 8-3
Async Capabilities
Capability
Description
Operational Attributes
CancelRequest
Cancels a request, using the
request ID.
None
StatusRequest
Returns the status of a
request, using the request ID.
None
Chapter 8
Caveats
Using SPML 2.0 with Identity Manager Web Services
279
Overview
Batch Capability Support
Identity Manager supports the Batch capability described in Table 8-4.
Table 8-4
Batch Capability
Capability
Description
Operational Attributes
BatchRequest
Executes a batch of requests.
None
Caveats
Bulk Capability Support
Identity Manager supports the Bulk capabilities described in Table 8-5:
Table 8-5
Bulk Capabilities
Capability
Description
Operational Attributes
BulkDeleteRequest
Executes a bulk delete of PSOs.
None
BulkModifyRequest
Executes a bulk modify of matching PSOs.
None
Caveats
Password Capability Support
Identity Manager supports the Password capabilities described in Table 8-6:
Table 8-6
Password Capabilities
Capability
Description
Operational
Attributes
Caveats
ExpirePasswordRequest
Expires a password.
None
•
You cannot specify resources/targets.
Doing so causes the Identity Manager
User object password to expire; which then
causes the password on all user's
resources to expire.
•
Identity Manager does not support the
remainingLogins attribute.
If you set this attribute to anything other
than the default, an
OperationNotSupported error occurs.
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Overview
Table 8-6
Password Capabilities (Continued)
Operational
Attributes
Capability
Description
Caveats
ResetPasswordRequest
Resets the password
and returns the new
value on all accounts.
None
Passwords are sensitive. Use SSL or some
other secure transport.
SetPasswordRequest
Sets the password.
None
Passwords are sensitive. Use SSL or some
other secure transport.
ValidatePasswordRequest
Determines whether
the given password is
valid.
None
Passwords are sensitive. Use SSL or some
other secure transport.
Example Password capabilities follow.
ResetPasswordRequest Example
Code Example 8-7 is an example ResetPasswordRequest.
Code Example 8-7
Example ResetPasswordRequest
ResetPasswordRequest rpr = new ResetPasswordRequest();
...
PSOIdentifier psoId = new PSOIdentifier(accountId, null, null);
rpr.setPsoID(psoId);
...
SetPasswordRequest Example
Code Example 8-8 is an example SetPasswordRequest.
Code Example 8-8
Example SetPasswordRequest
SetPasswordRequest spr = new SetPasswordRequest();
...
PSOIdentifier psoId = new PSOIdentifier(accountId, null, null);
spr.setPsoID(psoId);
spr.setPassword("newpassword");
spr.setCurrentPassword("oldpassword");
...
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Overview
ValidatePasswordRequest Example
Code Example 8-9 is an example ValidatePasswordRequest.
Code Example 8-9
Example ValidatePasswordRequest
ValidatePasswordRequest vpr = new ValidatePasswordRequest();
...
PSOIdentifier psoId = new PSOIdentifier(accountId, null, null);
vpr.setPsoID(psoId);
vpr.setPassword("apassword");
...
Suspend Capability Support
Identity Manager supports the Suspend capabilities described in Table 8-7.
Table 8-7
Suspend Capabilities
Capability
Description
Operational Attributes
Caveats
ResumeRequest
Resumes (enables) a PSO
User.
None
Does not support
EffectiveDate.
If you set EffectiveDate,
Identity Manager returns an
OperationNotSupported error.
SuspendRequest
Suspends an accounts/PSO
(disable)
None
Does not support
EffectiveDate.
If you set EffectiveDate,
Identity Manager returns an
OperationNotSupported error.
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Overview
Which SPML 2.0 Features Are Not Supported
Identity Manager 7.1 does not support the Reference capability, the Search
capability, or the Updates capability.
In addition, none of the supported capabilities use the CapabilityData class, so
there is no infrastructure in the Identity Manager code base to support it, which is
significant if you want to implement custom capabilities. Note that the OpenSPML
2.0 Toolkit does support CapabilityData in the marshallers, unmarshallers, and
so forth.
Why No References?
Identity Manager does not support references for two reasons; the Reference
Capability is typically used to refer across targets or to refer between objects on the
same target.
Because Identity Manager officially only supports one target, the first use-case is
out. Additionally, because User is the only repoType supported by Identity
Manager (mapped to a PSO type using objectclass), and these objects do not refer
to other objects, there is no need to support References at this time.
Why No Search Capability?
Currently, Search support is provided only through SPML 1.0.
Identity Manager does not support the SPML 2.0 Search Capability because the
capability does not perform a search very efficiently yet. In short, the Search filters
operate on the full User View and therefore need to instantiate every User object
into a full view; which is not very efficient, but it is necessary as a provisioning
system. Because of this, Identity Manager cannot reasonably provide iteration (or
an efficient search) over the results of the search. Adding the Search capability will
be addressed in a future release.
Why No Updates?
Identity Manager does not support the Updates Capability because it does not
track Change Records, which are required information for this capability.
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Configuring Identity Manager to Use SPML 2.0
When configuring an Identity Manager server to use SPML 2.0, the first step is to
decide which attributes you want to manage through your target.
NOTE
You can have more than one attribute in the target.
Decide which attribute sets (objectclasses) the interface clients will use when
managing users in the Identity Manager instance that uses this interface. This set of
attributes is a PSO.
You must also know how to map those attributes to and from a User View using
a form.
This section describes how to configure a system that uses PSOs containing the
following attributes for a DSML objectclass called spml2Person:
•
accountId
•
objectclass
•
credentials
•
firstname
•
lastname
•
emailAddress
These attributes are mapped to the User View. This section also provides short
examples to demonstrate how to manage these PSOs using SPML 2.0 support in
Identity Manager. Note that this configuration is delivered in the
sample/spml2.xml file provided with the product. You can see this file for detailed
information.
After deciding on the format of a PSO; enable the service as described in the next
section, which discusses web.xml and what has been added for SPML 2.0.
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The SPML2 Configuration Object
The out-of-the-box configuration for SPML 2.0 support is provided in
sample/spml2.xml. This file defines the objects that Identity Manager needs to
support SPML 2.0.
One of these Configuration type objects, named SPML2, is discussed in this section.
You use this object to change how SPML 2.0 support behaves or to extend the
system. (A separate section will discuss extensions in more detail.)
The following example is an annotated export of the object.
Code Example 8-10
Annotated Export of the SPML2.XML Object
<Configuration name='SPML2' authType='SPML'>
<Extension>
<Object>
<!-- Each of the objects in this list represents a tuple of an "executorClass"
and the set of Requests that it knows how to handle. A Request type can
appear in more than one executor tuple. This results in a chain of
executors for that type. If the first one cannot handle a given instance
of that type, the request is passed to the next one in the chain.
It's important to note that this list (executors) is processed in order.
Generally, you'll leave this section alone. -->
<Attribute name='executors'>
<List>
<Object name='com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.core.ListTargetsExecutor'>
<Attribute name="requests" value="org.openspml.v2.msg.
spml.ListTargetsRequest"/>
</Object>
<Object name='com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.pass.PasswordRequestExecutor'>
<Attribute name='requests'>
<List>
<String>org.openspml.v2.msg.pass.SetPasswordRequest</String>
<String>org.openspml.v2.msg.pass.ResetPasswordRequest</String>
<String>org.openspml.v2.msg.pass.ValidatePasswordRequest</String>
<String>org.openspml.v2.msg.pass.ExpirePasswordRequest</String>
</List>
</Attribute>
</Object>
<Object name='com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.core.AddRequestExecutor'>
<Attribute name="requests"
value='org.openspml.v2.msg.spml.AddRequest'/>
</Object>
<Object name='com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.core.DeleteRequestExecutor'>
<Attribute name='requests'
value='org.openspml.v2.msg.spml.DeleteRequest'/>
</Object>
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Code Example 8-10
Annotated Export of the SPML2.XML Object(Continued)
<Object name='com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.core.LookupRequestExecutor'>
<Attribute name='requests'
value='org.openspml.v2.msg.spml.LookupRequest'/>
</Object>
<Object name='com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.core.ModifyRequestExecutor'>
<Attribute name='requests'
value='org.openspml.v2.msg.spml.ModifyRequest'/>
</Object>
<Object name='com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.suspend.SuspendRequestExecutor'>
<Attribute name='requests'
value='org.openspml.v2.msg.spmlsuspend.SuspendRequest'/>
</Object>
<Object name='com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.suspend.ResumeRequestExecutor'>
<Attribute name='requests'
value='org.openspml.v2.msg.spmlsuspend.ResumeRequest'/>
</Object>
<Object name='com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.suspend.ActiveRequestExecutor'>
<Attribute name='requests'
value='org.openspml.v2.msg.spmlsuspend.ActiveRequest'/>
</Object>
<Object name='com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.batch.BatchRequestExecutor'>
<Attribute name='requests'
value='org.openspml.v2.msg.spmlbatch.BatchRequest'/>
</Object>
<Object name='com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.bulk.BulkDeleteRequestExecutor'>
<Attribute name='requests'
value='org.openspml.v2.msg.spmlbulk.BulkDeleteRequest'/>
</Object>
<Object name='com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.bulk.BulkModifyRequestExecutor'>
<Attribute name='requests'
value='org.openspml.v2.msg.spmlbulk.BulkModifyRequest'/>
</Object>
<Object name='com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.async.StatusRequestExecutor'>
<Attribute name='requests'
value='org.openspml.v2.msg.spmlasync.StatusRequest'/>
</Object>
<Object name='com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.async.CancelRequestExecutor'>
<Attribute name='requests'
value='org.openspml.v2.msg.spmlasync.CancelRequest'/>
</Object>
</List>
</Attribute>
<Attribute name='targets'>
<List>
<!-- This is the name of the target; broken out so it easy to read
and refer too. This becomes the targetID as the name of this Object
replaces the $OBJECT_NAME$ variable in 'xmlTemplate'. -->
<Object name="spml2-DSML-Target">
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Code Example 8-10
Annotated Export of the SPML2.XML Object(Continued)
<!-- You can state that the Target is attached to a profile;
replaces $PROFILE_ATTRIBUTE$ with 'profile="<value>"' in the
'xmlTemplate'.
-->
<Attribute name="profile" value="urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:2:0:DSML"/>
<!-- This is the target definition; the first two lines, and the last,
are always the same (for each Object in the "targets" list) -->
<Attribute name='xmlTemplate'>
<String><![CDATA[
<target targetID="$OBJECT_NAME$" $PROFILE_ATTRIBUTE$>
<schema>
<spmldsml:schema xmlns:spmldsml="urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:2:0:DSML">
<spmldsml:attributeDefinition name="objectclass"/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinition name="accountId" description="Account Id"/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinition name="credentials" description="Credentials,
e.g. password"/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinition name="firstname" description="First Name"/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinition name="lastname" description="Last Name"/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinition name="emailAddress" description="Email Address"/>
<spmldsml:objectClassDefinition name="spml2Person">
<spmldsml:memberAttributes>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinitionReference name="objectclass"
required="true"/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinitionReference name="accountId" required="true"/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinitionReference name="credentials"
required="true"/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinitionReference name="firstname"/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinitionReference name="lastname"/>
<spmldsml:attributeDefinitionReference name="emailAddress"/>
</spmldsml:memberAttributes>
</spmldsml:objectClassDefinition>
</spmldsml:schema>
<supportedSchemaEntity entityName="spml2Person"/>
</schema>
<capabilities>
<capability namespaceURI="urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:2:0:async"/>
<capability namespaceURI="urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:2:0:batch"/>
<capability namespaceURI="urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:2:0:bulk"/>
<capability namespaceURI="urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:2:0:pass"/>
<capability namespaceURI="urn:oasis:names:tc:SPML:2:0:suspend"/>
</capabilities>
</target>
]]></String>
</Attribute>
</Object>
</List>
</Attribute>
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Code Example 8-10
Annotated Export of the SPML2.XML Object(Continued)
<!-- This is like the "classes" list in the spml.xml config. We added the
ability to apply a mapping to one or more targets, in case the they
have common objectclass / type names. See the SPML 1.0 file and
docs for more info.
-->
<Attribute name='mappings'>
<List>
<Object name='spml2Person'>
<Attribute name='type' value='User'/>
<Attribute name='form' value='spml2PersonForm'/>
<Attribute name='default' value='true'/>
<Attribute name='targets'>
<String>"spml2-DSML-Target"</String>
</Attribute>
</Object>
<Object name='request'>
<Attribute name='type' value='TaskInstance'/>
<Attribute name='filter'>
<AttributeCondition attrName='defName' operator='equals'
operand='SPML2Request'/>
</Attribute>
</Object>
</List>
</Attribute>
</Object>
</Extension>
</Configuration>
<!-- We ALSO need to define the Form that maps the attributes in our objectclass(es) to and
from the view. The following form does this for the spml2Person objectclass.-->
<Configuration name='spml2PersonForm' authType='SPML'>
<Extension>
<Form>
<Field name='accountId'>
<Derivation>
<ref>waveset.accountId</ref>
</Derivation>
</Field>
<Field name='waveset.accountId'>
<Expansion>
<ref>accountId</ref>
</Expansion>
</Field>
<Field name='emailAddress'>
<Derivation>
<ref>waveset.email</ref>
</Derivation>
</Field>
<Field name='global.email'>
<Expansion>
<ref>emailAddress</ref>
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Code Example 8-10
Annotated Export of the SPML2.XML Object(Continued)
</Expansion>
</Field>
<Field name='objectclass'>
<Derivation>
<ref>accounts[Lighthouse].objectclass</ref>
</Derivation>
</Field>
<Field name='accounts[Lighthouse].objectclass'>
<Expansion>
<ref>objectclass</ref>
</Expansion>
</Field>
<Field name='credentials'>
<Derivation>
<ref>password.password</ref>
</Derivation>
</Field>
<Field name='password.password'>
<Expansion>
<ref>credentials</ref>
</Expansion>
</Field>
<Field name='lastname'>
<Derivation>
<ref>accounts[Lighthouse].lastname</ref>
</Derivation>
</Field>
<Field name='global.lastname'>
<Expansion>
<ref>lastname</ref>
</Expansion>
</Field>
<Field name='firstname'>
<Derivation>
<ref>accounts[Lighthouse].firstname</ref>
</Derivation>
</Field>
<Field name='global.firstname'>
<Expansion>
<ref>firstname</ref>
</Expansion>
</Field>
</Form>
</Extension>
</Configuration>
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web.xml
The following section in web.xml sets up the openspmlRouter servlet, which is the
servlet that handles SPML 2.0 requests.
NOTE
Code Example 8-11
This section of web.xml ships with a default installation, and no
action is required for this component.
Setting-Up the openspmlRouter Servlet
<servlet>
<servlet-name>openspmlRouter</servlet-name>
<display-name>OpenSPML SOAP Router</display-name>
<description>A router of RPC traffic - nominally SPML 2.0 over SOAP</description>
<servlet-class>
org.openspml.v2.transport.RPCRouterServlet
</servlet-class>
<init-param>
<param-name>dispatchers</param-name>
<param-value>org.openspml.v2.transport.SPMLViaSoapDispatcher</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>trace</param-name>
<param-value>false</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>SpmlViaSoap.spmlMarshallers</param-name>
<param-value>com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.UberMarshaller</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>SpmlViaSoap.spmlMarshallers.UberMarshaller.trace</param-name>
<param-value>true</param-value>
</init-param>
<init-param>
<param-name>SpmlViaSoap.spmlExecutors</param-name>
<param-value>com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.UberExecutor</param-value>
</init-param>
</servlet>
This file contains an optional init-param that you can add to open a monitor
window (in Swing) that displays the flow of SPML 2.0 messages. You will find this
monitor window useful for debugging.
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The following example shows you what to add.
<init-param>
<param-name>monitor</param-name>
<param-value>org.openspml.v2.util.SwingRPCRouterMonitor</param-value>
</init-param>
In Code Example 8-12, the section is commented and provides information about
the other init-params.
Code Example 8-12
Commented Example
<servlet>
<servlet-name>openspmlRouter</servlet-name>
<display-name>OpenSPML SOAP Router</display-name>
<description>A router of RPC traffic - nominally SPML 2.0 over SOAP</description>
<servlet-class>
org.openspml.v2.transport.RPCRouterServlet
</servlet-class>
<!-The Router uses dispatchers to process SOAP messages. This is one that is in the
toolkit that knows about SOAP. It has its own parameters, via naming convention.
See below.
-->
<init-param>
<param-name>dispatchers</param-name>
<param-value>org.openspml.v2.transport.SPMLViaSoapDispatcher</param-value>
</init-param>
<!-Turn on trace to have the servlet write informational messages to the log.
-->
<init-param>
<param-name>trace</param-name>
<param-value>false</param-value>
</init-param>
<!-The SpmlViaSOAPDispatcher (yes, the one above) uses marshallers; there can be
a chain, to move XML to SPML objects and back. We use one; we implemented
UberMarshaller for this purpose. It's really a composition of toolkit classes.
-->
<init-param>
<param-name>SpmlViaSoap.spmlMarshallers</param-name>
<param-value>com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.UberMarshaller</param-value>
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Code Example 8-12
Commented Example(Continued)
</init-param>
<!-Our marshaller (UberMarshaller) has its own trace setting; which doesn't really
do anything in this release
-->
<init-param>
<param-name>SpmlViaSoap.spmlMarshallers.UberMarshaller.trace</param-name>
<param-value>true</param-value>
</init-param>
<!-Finally, the dispatcher has a list of executors that actually implement the
functionality. So, it sees a request, takes the SOAP envelope off, take the body
from XML to OpenSPML Request classes, and then asks the list of executors if they can
process it. We provided one, UberExecutor. It will redispatch the request to our
other executors. Those are specified in spml2.xml (Configuration:SPML2).
-->
<init-param>
<param-name>SpmlViaSoap.spmlExecutors</param-name>
<param-value>com.sun.idm.rpc.spml2.UberExecutor</param-value>
</init-param>
</servlet>
Using Trace with SPML
SPML provides the following options for turning on trace output so you can log
Identity Manager’s SPML traffic and diagnose problems.
Method 1
To turn tracing on for an individual SPML RPC request, you can pass the trace
operational attribute to the RPC request on the server side.
AddRequest ar = new AddRequest();
ar.setOperationalAttribute("trace", "true");
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Tracing controls what information is output for the RPC traffic of a servlet
handling SPMLv2 requests. For example:
How using the trace attribute will affect server operation is vendor-specific.
Currently, Identity Manager prints the raw XML request and response data to the
server console, which is useful if the client application is not associated with a
console window.
For more information consult your OpenSPML toolkit product documentation.
Method 2
You can also turn tracing on by initializing the SOAP rpcrouter servlet, which
controls the output of RPC traffic information for the servlet handling SPML
requests. The rpcrouter servlet takes an <init parameter> that enables SOAP
tracing on the server side. The servlet’s initialization logic checks for a trace
configuration parameter and then, if the parameter’s value is true, prints the raw
request and response data to the console.
For example, it prints the raw XML that is sent back and forth to whatever
System.out has been specified for that servelet. (Where System.out is a function of
the application container.)
NOTE
The SOAP rpcrouter servlet is a third-party, open source
org.openspml.server.SOAPRouter class from the SPML
organization. For more information about this servlet, refer to your
OpenSPML Toolkit documentation.
The next section describes spml2.xml, with some annotations.
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Extending the System
Extending the System
You extend the schema by modifying the configuration object, and you can add
executors for requests by changing the section. Using forms, you can map DSML to
Views and back.
It is less obvious, but you can also replace the dispatcher, marshaller, and the
UberExecutor, with those of your own devising.
•
If you do not want to use SOAP, just replace the dispatcher in the first case.
•
If you do not want to use HTTP, replace the router with a different kind of
servlet.
•
If you want different XML parsing, replace the Marshaller with your own.
SPML 2.0 provides a wide-open array of pluggability, which is due to Identity
Manager's use of the OpenSPML 2.0 Toolkit. Figure 8-1 illustrates the OpenSPML
2.0 Toolkit architecture.
Figure 8-1
OpenSPML 2.0 Toolkit Architecture
Sample SPML 2.0 Adapter
Identity Manager provides a sample SPML 2.0 resource adapter that can be
modified and used to talk to multiple Identity Manager 7.0 installations or
third-party resources that are supporting SPML 2.0 core operations.
NOTE
294
This sample adapter is provided in the Sun Resource Extension
Facility Kit on your product CD or install image (located in /REF).
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Appendix A
Using the Business Process Editor
This appendix provides instructions for using the Business Process Editor (BPE).
The information in this chapter is organized as follows:
•
Overview
•
Starting and Configuring the BPE
•
Navigating the Business Process Editor
•
Accessing JavaDocs
•
Working with Generic and Configuration Objects
•
Creating and Editing Rules
•
Customizing a Workflow Process
•
Debugging Workflows, Forms, and Rules
Overview
The Business Process Editor (BPE) is a standalone, Swing-based Java application
that provides a graphical and forms-based view of Sun Javaв„ў System Identity
Manager workflows, forms, rules, generic and configuration objects, and views.
You use the BPE to customize Identity Manager for your environment as follows:
•
View, edit, and create forms, workflows, rules, email templates, and rule
libraries
•
View and edit configuration objects and generic objects
•
View JavaDocs for the classes that comprise the Identity Manager public APIs
•
Debug forms, workflows, and rules
•
Create workspaces that are associated with specific repositories
295
Starting and Configuring the BPE
Starting and Configuring the BPE
NOTE
To run the BPE, you must have Identity Manager installed on your
local system and Configurator-level access to Identity Manager.
This section provides instructions for starting and configuring the BPE, including:
•
Starting the BPE
•
Specifying a Workspace
•
Enabling JDIC
•
Using SSL in the BPE
Starting the BPE
To start the BPE from the command line:
1.
Change to the Identity Manager installation directory.
2.
Set environment variables with these commands:
set WSHOME=<Path_to_idm_directory>
set JAVA_HOME=<path_to_jdk>
To start the BPE on a UNIX system, you must also enter
export WSHOME JAVA_HOME
3.
Change to the idm\bin directory and type lh config to start the BPE.
The Workspace location dialog displays, as shown in Figure A-1.
Figure A-1
296
BPE Workspace Location Dialog
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Starting and Configuring the BPE
Use the Workspace location dialog to create a new workspace or to select an
existing workspace. Instructions for both actions are provided in the next section.
Specifying a Workspace
A workspace is a mechanism for saving repository connection information (such as
the default server and password), options, breakpoints set by the BPE debugger,
open sources, and automatically saved files.
A workspace is tied to a specific repository. You can have more than one
workspace associated with a repository, but only one repository per workspace.
The BPE has two different connections to the Identity Manager repository:
•
Editor Connection — This connection is used by the classic Editor portion of
the BPE.
The Editor can connect in the following ways:
вќЌ
LOCAL: The Editor connects the directory to the repository using the
ServerRepository.xml in WSHOME.
You can use the LOCAL connection to edit objects in the repository when
the application server is not running.
вќЌ
•
SOAP: The Editor connects to the application server using SOAP.
Debugger Connection — This connection is used by the Debugger portion of
the BPE to:
вќЌ
Fetch source code from the application server
вќЌ
Receive the current debugging state (variables, current location)
вќЌ
Send commands to the debugger agent, which runs within the application
server (setting breakpoints, sending step commands).
Because sending commands to the debugger agent requires a connection to a
live application server, the only valid setting for the Debugger connection is
SOAP. If you choose SOAP for the Editor connection, the debugger will use the
same connection as the editor.
This section contains instructions for
•
Creating New Workspace
•
Selecting a Workspace
•
Troubleshooting Start-Up
Appendix A
Using the Business Process Editor
297
Starting and Configuring the BPE
Creating New Workspace
To create a new workspace, use the following instructions:
1.
In the Workspace location dialog, enter a unique name for the new workspace
in the Workspace Directory field, and then click OK.
When you provide the name of a workspace that does not yet exist, the Create
new workspace wizard displays and instructs you to provide a directory for
the workspace.
2.
Enter a directory name in the Workspace directory field, and then click Next.
The Connection Information dialog displays so you can specify connection
information for your workspace.
Figure A-2
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BPE Connection Information Dialog
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Starting and Configuring the BPE
3.
Specify the Editor connection information as follows:
a.
Select a connection type:
•
Local (selected by default): Select to enable the BPE to work on objects
in a local repository.
When you specify a Local connection, BPE connects to the repository
using the ServerRepository.xml found in WSHOME. (The SOAP URL
field will be greyed out.)
•
SOAP: Select to enable the BPE to work on objects in a different
repository.
When you specify a SOAP connection, you will also be specifying
SOAP as the default connection type for the BPE debugger.
4.
b.
If you are using a SOAP connection, enter a fully qualified URL in the
SOAP URL field. For example,
http://localhost:8080/<idm>/servlet/rpcrouter2, where <idm> is the
directory where you installed Identity Manager.
c.
Enable the Test Connection option if you want Identity Manager to test this
connection to the repository.
Specify the Debugger connection information for the BPE debugger as follows:
As mentioned previously, if you selected SOAP for the Editor connection type, you
set the default debugger connection type to SOAP by default. All of the options in
the Debugger connection area will be greyed out.
5.
6.
a.
Select the connection type and SOAP URL (if necessary).
b.
Enable the Test Connection option if you want Identity Manager to test this
connection to the repository.
Provide the following credentials:
a.
Enter a User login name and Password.
b.
Enable the Remember Password option if you want the BPE to use these
credentials by default whenever you log into BPE.
Click Finish to create the new workspace and the BPE main window displays.
Appendix A
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299
Starting and Configuring the BPE
Selecting a Workspace
Use one of the following methods to select an existing workspace from the
Workspace location dialog,
•
Select a workspace name from the Workspace directory menu list.
•
Click Browse to locate and select a workspace.
After selecting a workspace, click OK and the BPE main window will display.
Troubleshooting Start-Up
When BPE tries to connect to the underlying server, you may receive the following
error message:
HTTP 404 - /idm/servlet/rpcrouter2
Type Status report
message /idm/servlet/rpcrouter2 description
The requested resource (/idm/servlet/rpcrouter2) is not available
If you get this connection error, check the URL field in the browser instance in
which you are running Identity Manager. The first part of the URL listed there —
for example, http://localhost:8080/idm — must be the same as the URL that you
entered as the debugger connection.
Enabling JDIC
If you want to embed the Web browser panel in the Form Preview panel, you must
select JDIC as the preferred Web browser. Otherwise, the Web Browser panel will
use the External webbrowser command to launch the Web browser externally.
300
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Starting and Configuring the BPE
To specify JDIC, use the following steps:
1.
Select Tools > Options to open the Editor Options dialog.
Figure A-3
2.
Editor Options Dialog
Enable the JDIC option as the Preferred webbrowser. (This option does not
display if the application is running a version of JRE less than 1.4.)
NOTE
•
To enable JDIC for Windows, you must install Internet Explorer.
(Mozilla is not currently supported on Windows.)
•
To enable JDIC on Linux or Solaris, you must install Mozilla. At
present, GNOME is the only supported desktop.
In addition, you must set the MOZILLA_FIVE_HOME environment
variable to the root directory of your Mozilla installation.
Appendix A
Using the Business Process Editor
301
Navigating the Business Process Editor
To configure JDIC for Solaris 10+x86:
1.
Download jdic-0.9.1-bin-cross-platform.zip from
https://jdic.dev.java.net.
2.
Extract the zipped files.
3.
Replace the <wshome>/WEB-INF/lib/jdic.jar
with the jdic-0.9.1-bin-cross-platform/jdic.jar.
4.
Copy jdic-0.9.1-bin-cross-platform/sunos/x86/*
to <wshome>/bin/solaris/x86.
Using SSL in the BPE
To use SSL. in the BPE, open the Create new workspace wizard and change the
SOAP URL protocol to https and the port number to your application’s SSL port.
Navigating the Business Process Editor
Before you start customizing Identity Manager processes or objects, you should
know how to work with, view, and enter information and how to make selections
in the BPE.
This information is organized into the following sections:
302
•
Working with the BPE Interface
•
Loading Processes or Objects
•
Setting Editor Options
•
Validating Workflow Revisions
•
Saving Changes
•
Inserting XPRESS
•
Using Keyboard Shortcuts
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Navigating the Business Process Editor
Working with the BPE Interface
The BPE interface includes a menu bar and dialogs for selections. The primary
display is divided into two main panes:
•
Tree view
•
Additional display views, which include
вќЌ
Diagram view
вќЌ
Graphical view
вќЌ
Property view
Working in Tree View
Tree view (in the left pane) provides a hierarchical view of tasks, forms, views, or
rules. This view lists each variable, activity, and subprocess in order — nesting
actions and transitions under each activity. Figure A-4 shows a sample tree view
highlighting workflow.
Figure A-4
BPE Tree View
Appendix A
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303
Navigating the Business Process Editor
Working with Additional Display Views
BPE provides the following additional display views:
•
Diagram View
•
Graphical View
•
Property View
The availability of these views depend upon the object type or process you select.
For example, the BPE presents a graphical display of a form as it would appear in a
browser. This view complements the property view and XML display of unique
form elements.
These views are introduced in the following sections.
NOTE
For more detailed information about which display types are
available for each Identity Manager object or workflow process, and
how to work with these additional views, see Sun Javaв„ў System
Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.
Diagram View
For workflow, the Diagram view displays in the right interface pane, and provides
a graphical representation of a process. Each icon represents a particular process
activity.
Figure A-5
Diagram View (Workflow)
Graphical View
The Graphical view displays in the lower right pane of the BPE display and shows
the currently selected form as seen in a browser window.
304
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Navigating the Business Process Editor
Property View
The Property view displays in the upper right pane of the BPE display and
provides information about elements in the currently selected form.
Figure A-6
Property View (Form)
Loading Processes or Objects
To load an Identity Manager process or object use the following steps:
1.
Select File > Open Repository Object from the menu bar.
TIP
2.
You can also use the Ctrl-O shortcut. (See “Using Keyboard
Shortcuts” on page 311, for a complete list of BPE shortcuts.)
If prompted, enter the Identity Manager Configurator name and password in
the login dialog, and then click Login.
The Select objects to edit dialog displays (similar to Figure A-7).
Appendix A
Using the Business Process Editor
305
Navigating the Business Process Editor
Figure A-7
Select objects to edit dialog (with Library options expanded)
This dialog contains a list of objects, which can include the following
object types.
вќЌ
Workflow Processes
вќЌ
Libraries
вќЌ
Workflow Sub-processes
вќЌ
Generic Objects
вќЌ
Forms
вќЌ
Configuration Objects
вќЌ
Rules
вќЌ
MetaViews
вќЌ
Email Templates
Items displayed may vary based on your Identity Manager implementation.
306
3.
Double-click an object type to display all of the objects that you have
permission to view for that type.
4.
Select a process or object, and then click OK.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Navigating the Business Process Editor
Setting Editor Options
You can set several options so that your preferences are reflected each time you
launch the BPE. You can also set these options individually each time you work in
the editor.
To set editor options, select Tools > Options to open the Editor Options dialog.
Figure A-8
Editor Options Dialog
You can use the options on this dialog to specify the following preferences:
•
Form Server Port — Specifies the default port for the HTML Preview page.
You use this page when you are editing forms.
•
Default Expression Style — Controls the display option for expressions in
forms, rules, and workflows (Graphical or XML).
•
Initial Dialog Tab — Controls the tab that appears on top (Main or XML).
•
List Editor Style — Controls the default display of list expressions.
You can display lists in a table or as text boxes.
•
Disable Type Selector — Disables the Type Selector option that appears next
to text boxes. The option to change types will still be available through the
Edit dialog.
Appendix A
Using the Business Process Editor
307
Navigating the Business Process Editor
•
Automatic Workflow Layout — Enables automatic layout of workflow
activities the first time it is opened.
•
Workflow Toolbox Style — Specifies where the Workflow Toolbox will be
displayed relative to the main BPE window. Options include
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
•
Docked Right (Default): Select to dock the toolbox to the right side of the
BPE window.
Docked Left: Select to dock the toolbox to the left side of the BPE window.
Floating: Select if you want the ability to move the toolbox around the BPE
window.
Preview Panel Context — Identifies the context in which information
displayed in the Preview pane is rendered. Options include
вќЌ
вќЌ
Editor Connection — Select if you want the BPE to always attempt to
connect to the repository.
Simulated — Select to work on forms off-line.
•
Auto-save interval (in seconds) — Specifies how many seconds the BPE will
wait before auto-saving a session. (Default is 30 seconds)
•
Preferred webbrowser — Specifies how to launch the Web browser.
Options include:
вќЌ
вќЌ
•
External (Default): Select to have BPE use the External webbrowser
command to launch the Web browser externally.
JDIC: Select to launch the Web browser panel in the Form Preview panel.
External webbrowser command — Specifies the External webbrowser
command to invoke the external Web browser.
Validating Workflow Revisions
You can validate your workflow revisions at different stages of the customization
process:
308
•
If you are working with XML display values, when adding or customizing
variables, activities, actions, or transitions, click Validate to validate each
change.
•
After making changes, select the object or process in the tree view, and then
select Tools > Validate to test it.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Navigating the Business Process Editor
The BPE displays validation messages that indicate the status of the process:
•
Warning indicator (yellow dot) – Indicates that the process action is valid, but
that the syntax style is not optimal.
•
Error indicator (red dot) – Indicates that the process will not run correctly. You
must correct the process action.
Validate your workflow revisions as follows:
1.
Click an indicator to display its process action.
2.
After making changes, click Re-validate to re-test the process, confirm that the
error is corrected, and check for additional errors.
3.
Drag your cursor into the Workflow diagram view.
The activity appears in the view.
TIP
Any activities you create after the first activity are numbered.
Re-number similar activities before creating more than two.
Saving Changes
To save your changes to a process or object and check it into the repository, select
File > Save in Repository from the menu bar. When you select Save, the BPE saves
the object in the location in which it was last saved (either in the repository or the
file in which it was last saved). You can have multiple copies of the same object
open in varying states and in different files or repositories.
NOTE
You can also use File > Save As File to save the object or process as
an XML text file. Save the file in the form Filename.xml.
Appendix A
Using the Business Process Editor
309
Navigating the Business Process Editor
Inserting XPRESS
If you are editing a rule, workflow, configuration or generic object, or form in the
BPE XML pane, you can quickly insert an XML template for an XPRESS element
wherever you have positioned the cursor.
1.
Position the cursor where you want to add the new XPRESS statement.
2.
Click the right mouse button to display the New menu.
3.
Select the type of XPRESS statement you want to add to the XML.
For example, select New > Logical > cond to add an empty cond statement at
the cursor insertion point. The BPE displays the content-free cond statement, as
illustrated in the following figure.
Figure A-9
4.
310
Menu for Inserting XPRESS Functions into XML
Complete the statement as needed.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Navigating the Business Process Editor
If you insert the XPRESS element in an invalid location, one or two red dots
(indicators) display immediately to the left of the new code lines that mark the first
and last lines of the inserted code. See Validating Workflow Revisions for
information about these indicators.
Figure A-10
Inserting XPRESS Function
Using Keyboard Shortcuts
The BPE supports these keyboard shortcuts for performing tasks.
Table A-1
BPE Keyboard Shortcuts
Keyboard Command/Key
Action
Ctrl-C
Copy
Ctrl-O
Open (repository object)
Ctrl-R
Refresh Sources
Ctrl-S
Save (repository object)
Ctrl-V
Paste
Ctrl-X
Cut
Delete
Delete
F5
Select Current Line
F6
Step out
F7
Step into
F8
Step over
F9
Continue (Debugging)
Appendix A
Using the Business Process Editor
311
Accessing JavaDocs
Accessing JavaDocs
You can access JavaDocs for all public method classes from any BPE window that
displays XML, as follows:
1.
Right-click in an XML window to display the cascading menu.
2.
Select New > Browse Javadoc.
Figure A-11
3.
312
Opening a Javadoc
Select one of the following options from the cascading menu, which includes
the following packages, subsequently broken down into component classes:
вќЌ
com.waveset.object: Lists all the classes subordinate to this parent class.
вќЌ
com.waveset.ui: Lists all the classes subordinate to this parent class.
вќЌ
com.waveset.util: Lists all the classes subordinate to this parent class.
вќЌ
com.waveset.util.jms: Lists all the classes subordinate to this parent class.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with Generic and Configuration Objects
вќЌ
All Classes: Displays the frames view of the JavaDoc classes, from which
you can navigate through each class in the browser.
Selecting one of these menu options opens a browser window that displays the
class Javadoc.
Inserting a Method Reference
To insert a method invocation in the XML, access the method summary section of
the class Javadoc. Click the Select button that precedes the method name under the
Method Summary.
Figure A-12
Selecting the getUser Method
At the cursor insertion point, BPE inserts the <invoke> element that you need to
call the method from the XML.
TIP
Click Validate for preliminary confirmation of the invoke statement
syntax and XML.
Working with Generic and Configuration Objects
The fundamental object model for Identity Manager is the persistent object model.
Because you perform almost all Identity Manager operations by creating an object,
the persistent object API is the fundamental object model for customizing and
controlling Lighthouse.
This section provides information about working with persistent objects.
The information is organized as follows:
•
Common Persistent Object Classes
•
Viewing and Editing Objects
•
Creating a New Object
•
Validating a New Configuration Object
Appendix A
Using the Business Process Editor
313
Working with Generic and Configuration Objects
Common Persistent Object Classes
PersistentObject is the common base class of all persistent objects, and provides
the fundamental object model for customizing and controlling Identity Manager.
PersistentObject consists of a set of Java classes that are part of the infrastructure
that is common to all persistent objects.
These common PersistentObject classes include:
•
Type: A set of constants used in many methods to indicate the type of object
being referenced.
•
PersistentObject: The common base class of all repository objects. The most
significant properties are the identity, member object groups and the property list.
•
ObjectRef: When an object references another, the reference is encoded in this
object. The reference includes the object type, name, and repository identifier.
•
Constants: A collection of random constants for many different system
components.
•
ObjectGroup: A group representing an organization in the Identity Manager
interface. All persistent objects must belong to at least one object group. If you
do not specify otherwise, the object is placed in the Top group.
•
Attribute: A collection of constant objects that represents common attributes
that are supported by objects. Often used internally when building object
queries. When a method accepts an Attribute argument, there is usually a
corresponding method that takes a string containing the attribute name.
Viewing and Editing Objects
You can use the BPE to view and edit the two of the most commonly customized
persistent object types:
314
•
Configuration objects: A type of persistent object that contains forms and
workflow processes.
•
Generic objects: A configuration object that has an <Extension> of type
<Object>. (In contrast to workflows, which are Configuration objects that have
an <Extension> of type <WFProcess>.) You typically use Generic objects to
represent views, and they are simple collections of name/value pairs. You can
access these attributes externally through path expressions.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with Generic and Configuration Objects
The following sections provide an introduction to the Configuration and Generic
object types. For more detailed information, see Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager
Workflows, Forms, and Views.
Configuration Objects
You can directly access forms and workflows in the BPE; however, the BPE also
provides access to other configuration objects that are not associated with a custom
viewer. You can access these miscellaneous configuration objects from the BPE
under the Configuration Object category.
The BPE lists these miscellaneous configuration objects in the left pane (tree view),
as shown in the following figure:
Figure A-13
BPE Tree Display of the Configuration Object
Double-clicking on an object name in tree view displays the Object window, which
provides the following object views (tabs): Main, Repository, and XML.
For example, if you double-click User Extended Attributes in tree view, the
following dialog displays:
Figure A-14
User Extended Attributes Object Dialog
Appendix A
Using the Business Process Editor
315
Working with Generic and Configuration Objects
The BPE also displays configuration objects as unfiltered XML in the left pane of
the BPE window. For example, see the following figure:
Figure A-15
BPE XML Display of Reconcile Configuration Object
Generic Objects
Generic objects are simple collections of name/value pairs you can use to represent
views. BPE displays these name/value pairs in column form and lists the
attribute’s data type. Valid data types include Boolean, int, string, and xmlobject.
Figure A-16
BPE Attribute Display of Generic Object (System Configuration)
Many customizations involve editing the System Configuration object, which is a
type of generic object.
316
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Working with Generic and Configuration Objects
Creating a New Object
To create a new Configuration or Generic object
1.
Select File > New > GenericObject or Configuration Object.
The Configuration:New GenericObject or Configuration:New Configuration
dialog opens, with the Main panel displayed.
2.
Enter the new object name in the Name field.
The BPE main window adds the new object name to the tree view. In addition,
вќЌ
If you created a generic object, a blank Attributes pane displays as follows:
Figure A-17
вќЌ
BPE New Generic Object Display
If you created a configuration object, the BPE displays the following
window, which contains a template for the new XML object.
Figure A-18
BPE New Configuration Object Display
Appendix A
Using the Business Process Editor
317
Working with Generic and Configuration Objects
3.
If you are creating a generic object, add an attribute as follows, repeating as
necessary:
a.
Click New at the bottom of the Attributes pane. The BPE displays a new
attribute field at the bottom of the list of attributes. Select New Attribute,
then enter the name of the attribute.
b.
Assign a data type by clicking null in the Type column, and selecting a
data type from the drop-down menu.
Figure A-19
NOTE
4.
New Attribute of BPE Generic Object Display
To delete an attribute, click the attribute name, and then
click Delete.
Select File > Save in Repository to save the new object to the repository.
Validating a New Configuration Object
You can immediately validate the new configuration object XML by clicking
Validate, in the right pane of the main BPE window.
318
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Creating and Editing Rules
Creating and Editing Rules
You can use the BPE to
•
View, create, and edit rules
•
Test rules with a Lighthouse context
•
Define data passed into the rule
•
Save rule definitions to a file
•
Retrieve information about a selected rule such as attribute types
•
Display view attributes for reference while you customize rules
This section provides information and instructions for using the BPE to create and
edit rules. The information is organized as follows:
•
Creating a New Rule
•
Saving Changes
•
Validating Workflow Revisions
•
Defining Rule Elements
NOTE
Instructions for starting the BPE application are provided in
“Starting and Configuring the BPE” on page 296.
Using the BPE Interface
Before you start customizing rules, you must understand the basics of navigating
and using the BPE interface. When you are working with rules, the initial BPE
interface consists of display panes, a menu bar, Action menus, and Rule dialogs.
NOTE
The BPE interface changes based on the object type or process
selection.
Appendix A
Using the Business Process Editor
319
Creating and Editing Rules
This section describes the interface related to creating and editing rules.
The information is organized as follows:
•
BPE Display Panes
•
Menu Selections
•
Rule Dialogs
•
Browsing Rules
•
Reviewing Rule Summary Details
•
Loading a Rule
BPE Display Panes
When you are working with rules, the BPE interface provides the following
display panes:
•
Tree view
•
Rule source
•
Input tab
•
Trace tab
•
Result tab
Tree View
The tree view (in the left interface pane) lists selected rules as standalone icons.
Figure A-20
Rule Display in Tree View
Typically, the tree view shows a hierarchical view of tasks, forms, or views —
listing each element in order with sub-elements nested under their parent.
320
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Creating and Editing Rules
However, rules do not reside in hierarchies within Identity Manager (unless
already incorporated into a rule library object, workflow, or form), so there are no
hierarchical relationships among rules to display in tree view. Instead, rules that
are not incorporated into a library, workflow, or form appear in tree view as
single icons.
Rule Source
The Rule source pane (in the upper right interface pane) provides the source
information of a rule.
Figure A-21
Rule Source Pane
From this pane, you can right-click to access a cascading menu that enables you to
perform any of the following tasks:
•
Create a new rule or add new values to the selected rule
•
Browse and select existing rules and libraries
•
Browse and view existing JavaDocs
•
Change the display to view the rule source in XML, Graphical, Property Sheet,
or Configuration format.
You can also use the buttons located above this pane to perform any of the
following actions:
•
Validate: Validates the rule with the current set of arguments
•
Run: Executes the rule with the current set of arguments
•
Clear the input: Resets the input arguments to their defaults
•
Clear the output: Clears the Result and Trace panes
Appendix A
Using the Business Process Editor
321
Creating and Editing Rules
Input Tab
The Input tab pane (located in the lower right corner of the window) displays by
default.
Figure A-22
Input Tab Pane
You can use this tab to control the arguments that are passed to the rule for testing.
This tab is basically the same as the BPE's GenericObject Editor (see “Generic
Objects” on page 316).
From this pane, you can:
322
•
Double-click the argument name, the Arguments dialog displays so you can
Validate the argument.
•
Right-click an argument name to access a cascading menu that enables you to
import test data from a view or a file. Specifically, you can perform any of the
following tasks:
вќЌ
Insert the argument into a List, GenericObject, Map, or Test data
вќЌ
Edit the argument
вќЌ
Copy the argument
вќЌ
Paste the copied argument to another location
вќЌ
Import test data from a file
вќЌ
Export test data to a file
•
Click New to create new arguments by specifying a name, type, and value.
•
Click Delete to delete a selected argument.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Creating and Editing Rules
Result Tab
Select the Result tab and click Run (above the Rule source pane) to execute the
selected rule. The rule’s return value displays in the Result tab pane in XML
format.
Figure A-23
Result Tab Pane
Trace Tab
Select the Trace tab to capture XPRESS tracing during execution of the rule.
Figure A-24
Trace Tab Pane
Menu Selections
You can use the menu bar or the action (right-click) menu to work in the interface.
Select an item in the tree or diagram view, and then right-click to display the action
menu selections that are available for that item.
Appendix A
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323
Creating and Editing Rules
Rule Dialogs
Each rule and rule element has an associated dialog that you can use to define the
element type and its characteristics.
To access these dialogs, double-click the rule name in the tree view. The rule dialog
for the selected rule displays, with the Main tab in front by default. For example,
see the following figure:
Figure A-25
Rule Dialog (Main Tab View)
You use the options on this dialog to define a rule, as follows:
324
•
Name: Automatically displays the selected rule name, which is the name
displayed in the Identity Manager interface.
•
Description (optional): Specify text describing the purpose of the rule.
•
Comments: Specify text inserted into the rule body with a <Comment> element.
•
Arguments: Specify any required arguments.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Creating and Editing Rules
Editing Rule Elements (Changing Field Value Type)
Some dialog fields behave differently depending on the field value type you
selected.
•
If the value type is String, you can type text directly into the field.
•
If the value type is Expression, Rule, or Reference, click Edit to edit the value.
Figure A-26
Rule Argument Dialog
You can use one of the following methods to change a value type:
•
Click Edit, and then click Change Type (if the current value is String).
•
Right-click to access the actions menu, then select Change Type (if the current
value is Expression, Rule, or Reference).
Changing Display Type
To change the way information displays in diagram view
1.
Right-click to display the action menu.
2.
Select Display > <view_type>.
The view types include:
вќЌ
XML – Displays XPRESS or JavaScript source. You may prefer this display
type if you are comfortable with XML.
Figure A-27
XML Display
Appendix A
Using the Business Process Editor
325
Creating and Editing Rules
вќЌ
Graphical – Displays a tree of expression nodes. This display type
provides a structural overview.
To conserve space, Figure A-28 shows only part of the
selected rule.
NOTE
Figure A-28
вќЌ
Graphical Display
Property Sheet – Displays a list of properties, some of which can be edited
directly.
You may be required to launch another dialog for other properties.
For efficiency, use the Property Sheet display type when creating new
expressions. (You can enter expression arguments more rapidly in this
view compared to using the graphical view.)
Figure A-29
326
Property Sheet Display
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Creating and Editing Rules
вќЌ
Configuration – Displays argument information listed in a property-sheet
style. (See Figure A-30.) Also lists any comments that the rule creator used
to describe the rule in the database.
Figure A-30
Configuration Display
Browsing Rules
Use one of the following methods to browse and select the rules that you can access
through Identity Manager:
•
Select File > New Repository Object from the main menu bar. When the Select
objects to edit dialog displays, expand the Rules node to display the available
rules.
•
Right-click in the Rule source pane and select New > Browse Rules from the
actions menu.
Appendix A
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327
Creating and Editing Rules
When the Select Rule dialog opens (Figure A-31), expand the Rules node to
display the available rules.
Figure A-31
Select Rule Dialog
Reviewing Rule Summary Details
Double-click a rule name in the tree pane to view, at a glance, rule elements.
The Rule dialog contains the following tabs:
328
•
Main
•
Repository
•
XML
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Creating and Editing Rules
Main Tab
Select this tab to access argument properties for this element (including each
argument’s name and value). It also lets you re-order arguments for better visual
organization. (Reordering in this list does not change interpretation of the rule.)
The Main tab displays the same information about the rule as the Main view of the
Rule dialog (see Figure A-32).
Figure A-32
Main Tab Display
Appendix A
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329
Creating and Editing Rules
Repository Tab
NOTE
Rules that are not included in a Rule library have a Repository tab.
Select the Repository tab to view the following information about the selected rule:
Figure A-33
Table A-2
Repository Tab Display
Fields on the Repository Tab
Field
Description
Type
Identifies the type of repository object. This value is always Rule.
Subtype
Identifies a subtype, if relevant. Rule subtypes are currently implemented within the
Reconciliation interface only.
The default is None.
Name
Assigned in the Rule dialog name field.
Id
Identification number assigned by Identity Manager.
Creator
Lists the account by which the rule was created.
CreateDate
Date assigned by Identity Manager when the object was created.
Modification Date
Date on which the object was last modified.
Organization
Identifies the organization in which the rule is stored.
Authorization Type
(Optional) Grants finer-grain permissions for users who do not have Admin privileges.
The EndUserRule authorization type, for example, grants a user the ability to call a rule from
a form in the Identity Manager User Interface.
330
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Creating and Editing Rules
The Repository tab primarily contains read-only information, but you can change
the following values:
•
Subtype: Select a new subtype assignment from the menu.
Rules have no subtype by default. Consequently; when you create a rule, the
Subtype value defaults to None.
However, to display this rule in the Reconciliation interface, you must set this
value to Account Correlation or Account Confirmation, depending upon
which selection list in the Reconciliation graphical user interface you would
like this rule to appear.
•
Organization: Enter a new organization assignment into the text field.
•
Authorization Type: Enter a new authorization type into the text field.
NOTE
For an example rule subtype, see “Excluded Resource
Accounts Rule SubType” on page 133.
XML Tab
Select the XML tab to view and edit raw XML for the selected rule. You can then
click Validate to validate your changes before clicking OK to save. The XML parser
validates the rule XML against the waveset.dtd.
Figure A-34
XML Tab Display
Appendix A
Using the Business Process Editor
331
Creating and Editing Rules
Creating a New Rule
Use the following steps to create a new rule:
1.
Select File > New > Rule. and the Rule: New Rule dialog displays, with the
Main tab in front by default.
Figure A-35
2.
New Rule Dialog
Specify the following parameters for the new rule:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
Name — Enter a name for the rule. (This name is displayed in the Identity
Manager interface.)
Description (Optional) — Enter text to describe the purpose of the rule.
Comments — Enter text to be inserted into the rule body with a <Comment>
element.
3.
Click New to add arguments to the new rule.
4.
When the Argument: Null dialog displays, enter text into the Name, Value,
and Comments fields, and then click OK.
This text displays in the Arguments table and will be inserted into the rule as a
<RuleArgument> element.
5.
When you are finished click OK to save your changes.
NOTE
332
•
To remove an argument, click Delete.
•
To change the arguments location in the Arguments table, click
Move Up or Move Down.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Creating and Editing Rules
Defining Rule Elements
The XML elements that comprise rules can be functions, XPRESS statements, one of
several data types. You can use the following BPE Rule Element dialogs to create or
edit rule elements:
•
Argument dialog — Use to view or define argument characteristics.
•
Element dialog — Use to view or define selected elements.
•
Object Access dialog — Use to manipulate objects or call Java methods that
manipulate objects.
•
Diagnostics dialog — Use to debug or examine JavaScript, trace, print, and
breakpoints.
Additional information about these dialogs is provided in the following sections.
NOTE
For more information about rule structure, see “Understanding Rule
Syntax” on page 139.
Argument Dialogs
You use an Argument dialog to access and define rule arguments.
Figure A-36
Argument Dialog
Use one of the following methods to open an Argument dialog:
•
From the Tree view pane, double-click a rule name to open the Rule dialog,
and then double-click the argument name on the Main tab.
•
From the Rule source pane (in Graphical View only), right-click and select
New > Rule > argument.
•
From the Rule source pane (in Graphical view only), double-click an
argument node.
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Creating and Editing Rules
Figure A-37
Double-Click an Argument Node
The Argument dialog provides the following basic options:
•
Name — Specify a name for the argument. You can change the name from
this dialog.
•
Value — Specify the value of the selected argument.
•
Comments — Specify optional comments.
In addition to the preceding options, the Argument dialog may also display other
fields depending upon the type of element you are viewing/editing.
For example, if you are viewing a method element, an Argument dialog similar to
the one displayed for the Query method dialog opens:
Figure A-38
Argument Popup Dialog (Method)
You can change the argument’s data type by clicking the Change Type button,
which displays the Select Type dialog.
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Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
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Figure A-39
Select Type Dialog
Valid argument types are listed in the following table.
Table A-3
Valid Argument Types
Data Type
Description
String
Simple string constant.
Reference
Simple reference to a variable.
Rule
Simple reference to a rule.
List
Static list, such as an XML object list. This type is infrequently used in
workflows (but used occasionally in forms).
Expression
Complex expression.
Map
Static map, such as an XML object map. Used rarely.
Integer
Integer constant. Can be used to make clearer the semantics of a value. Can
be specified as String; the BPE coerces the string into the correct type.
Boolean
Boolean constant. Can be used to make clearer the semantics of a value. Can
be specified as String. The BPE coerces the string into the correct type.
Boolean values are specified with the strings true and false.
XML Object
Complex object that allows you to specify any of a number of complex objects
with an XML representation. Some examples include EncryptedData, Date,
Message, TimePeriod, and WavesetResult.
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Element Dialogs
The Element dialog displays the name and value of an argument.
Element Popup for the address Variable
Figure A-40
Use one of the following methods to display an Element dialog from the Rule
source pane (in Graphical view only):
•
Double-click an element icon
•
Right-click an element icon and select Edit from the action menu.
If you open a dialog by clicking the argument name, you can change the
argument’s data type and style (simple or calculated).
You can define several types of elements (see Table A-4). To change the data type
of the element, click the Change Type button. The Select Type popup opens,
displaying a list of the data types you can assign to the selected rule element.
To create a new element, right-click in the Graphical view and select
New > <element_type> from the menu. The element types listed on this menu
represent categories of XPRESS functions.
Table A-4
336
Element Types Representing XPRESS Function Categories
Menu Options
XPRESS Functions/Additional Actions You Can Invoke...
Values
string, integer, list, map, message, null
Logical
if, eq, neq, gt, lt, gte, lte, and, or, not, cmp, ncmp, isnull, notnull,
isTrue, isFalse
String
concat, substr, upcase, downcase, indexOf, match, length, split, trim,
ltrim, rtrim, ztrim, pad
Lists
list, map, get, set, append, appendAll, contains, containsAny,
containsAll, insert, remove, removeAll, filterdup, filternull, length,
indexOf
Variables
•
Define a variable
•
Create a reference
•
Assign a value to a variable or an attribute of an object
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Creating and Editing Rules
Table A-4
Element Types Representing XPRESS Function Categories (Continued)
Menu Options
XPRESS Functions/Additional Actions You Can Invoke...
Math
add, sub, mult, div, mod
Control
switch, case, break, while, dolist, block
Rule
•
Create new rule
•
Create argument
Other
Displays further options:
(functions, object
access, diagnostics)
•
Functions includes define function, define argument, and call function
•
Object access includes the new, invoke, getobject, get, and set
functions.
•
Diagnostic includes options for creating or invoking Javascript, trace,
print, and breakpoint functions.
NOTE
For more information about these functions, see Sun Javaв„ў System
Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.
You can also access the element types most recently created in a BPE session
through the Recent options of the actions menu.
The following figure shows the window that displays when you select
New > Strings > concat.
Figure A-41
concat Dialog
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Object Access Dialogs
Use an Object Access dialog to manipulate objects or call Java methods that
manipulate objects.
To open an Object Access dialog, right-click anywhere in the graphical display and
select New > Other > Object Access > option from the pop-up menu.
Where option can be any of the following options described in Table A-5:
Object Access Options
Table A-5
Option:
Description
new
Creates a new Java object. Arguments are passed to the class constructor
invoke
Displays the invoke dialog. Use to invoke a Java method on a Java object or class
getobj
Displays the getobj dialog. Use to retrieve an object from the repository
get
Retrieves a value from within an object.
The first argument must be a List, GenericObject, or Object, and the second
argument must be a String or Integer.
set
•
If the first argument is a List, the second argument is coerced to an integer and
used as a list index.
•
If the first argument is a GenericObject, the second argument is coerced to a
String and then used as a path expression.
•
If the first argument is any other object, the second argument is assumed to be
the name of a JavaBean property.
Assigns a value to a variable or an attribute of an object.
To create an object, right-click to access the action menu, and select New > Other >
Object Access > new.
Figure A-42
338
new Dialog
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Creating and Editing Rules
Editing Element Details
From the Argument dialog, you can define values for the variable. Use the Value
field to enter a simple string value as the initial variable value. Alternatively, you
can select a value type (such as Expression or Rule), and then click Edit to enter
values.
Figure A-43 shows the variable window for a ref statement.
Figure A-43
ref Dialog
To identifying argument types (simple or complex), select Simple when you can
enter the argument value in a text field (for example, string, Boolean, or integer). If
you are working with a List, XML Object, or other expressions that requires an
additional popup, select Calculated.
Diagnostics Dialogs
You can use Diagnostics dialogs to debug or examine the following:
•
JavaScript
•
Trace
•
Print
•
Breakpoint
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To access the Diagnostics dialog, select New > Other > Diagnostics > trace from the
actions menu in the right pane. Select an option described in Table A-6 to debug
that item.
Table A-6
Trace Options
Option
Description
JavaScript
Displays the Script dialog so you can enter your own JavaScript.
trace
Inserts a <trace> XPRESS function into the rule. This function turns XPRESS trace
on or off when this rule is evaluated. Set to true to enable trace or false (or just
null) to disable.
print
Displays the Print dialog so you can enter the name of tan argument. This function
is similar to the block function in that it contains any number of expressions and
returns the result of the last expression.
Enter an argument name in the Argument field, and select the type from the menu
located next to the field. Default is String.
breakpoint
Displays the Breakpoint popup. Click OK to raise a debugging breakpoint.
Editing a Rule
If you customize a rule, you must save and validate your changes to ensure that the
rule completes correctly and as expected. After saving, import the modified rule for
use in Identity Manager.
This section provides instructions for the following:
•
Loading a Rule
•
Saving Changes
•
Validating Workflow Revisions
Loading a Rule
Use the following steps to load a rule in the BPE:
340
1.
Select File > Open Repository Object from the menu bar.
2.
If prompted, enter the Identity Manager Configurator name and password in
the displayed login dialog, and then click Login.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Creating and Editing Rules
The following items display:
вќЌ
Workflow Processes
вќЌ
Workflow Sub-processes
вќЌ
Forms
вќЌ
Rules
вќЌ
Email Templates
вќЌ
Libraries
вќЌ
Generic Objects
вќЌ
Configuration Objects
вќЌ
MetaViews
NOTE
Items displayed may vary for your Identity Manager
implementation.
3.
Expand the Rule node to view all existing rules.
4.
Select the rule you want to load, and then click OK.
NOTE
If you are loading a rule for the first time, the rule components
displayed in the right pane may not display correctly.
Right-click in the right pane and select Layout to re-display the
diagram.
Saving Changes
To save changes to a rule and check it into the repository, select File > Save in
Repository from the menu bar.
NOTE
You can also use File > Save As File to save the rule as an XML text
file. Save the file in the form Filename.xml.
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Creating and Editing Rules
Validating Changes
You can validate changes to rules at different stages of the customization process:
•
From the Rule source pane, click the Validate button to validate the rule with
the current set of arguments.
•
If you are working with XML display values, when adding or customizing
arguments, click Validate to validate each change to the rule.
•
After making changes, select the rule in the tree view, and then select Tools >
Validate to test it.
The BPE displays validation messages that indicate the status of the rule:
•
Warning indicator (yellow dot) — Indicates that the process action is valid,
but that the syntax style is not optimal.
•
Error indicator (red dot) — Indicates that the process will not run correctly.
You must correct the process action.
Rule Libraries
A rule library serves as a convenient way to organize closely related rules into a
single object in the Identity Manager repository. Using libraries can ease rule
maintenance by reducing the number of objects in the repository and making it
easier for form and workflow designers to identify and call useful rules.
A rule library is defined as an XML Configuration object. The Configuration object
contains a Library object, which in turn contains one or more Rule objects. Code
Example A-1 shows a library containing two different account ID generation rules:
Code Example A-1
Library with Two Account ID Generation Rules
<Configuration name='Account ID Rules'>
<Extension>
<Library>
<Rule name='First Initial Last'>
<expression>
<concat>
<substr>
<ref>firstname</ref>
<i>0</i>
<i>1</i>
</substr>
<ref>lastname</ref>
</concat>
</expression>
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Code Example A-1
Library with Two Account ID Generation Rules (Continued)
</Rule>
<Rule name='First Dot Last'>
<expression>
<concat>
<ref>firstname</ref>
<s>.</s>
<ref>lastname</ref>
</concat>
</expression>
</Rule>
</Library>
</Extension>
</Configuration>
You reference rules in a library using an XPRESS <rule> expression. The value of
the name attribute is formed by combining the name of the Configuration object
containing the library, followed by a colon, followed by the name of a rule within
the library.
For example, the following expression calls the rule named First Dot Last
contained in a library named Account ID Rules:
<rule name='Account ID Rules:First Dot Last'/>
Selecting a Library to View or Customize
Perform the following steps to select a rule library to view or edit:
1.
From the Business Process Editor, select File > Open Repository Object.
Rule libraries are represented in the BPE with this icon
:
2.
Select the rule library object in the Tree view, and select Edit.
3.
Right-click inside the right edit pane, and then select the XML tab.
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Customizing a Workflow Process
Figure A-44
Rule Library (XML View)
You can now edit the rule library XML.
Adding a Rule to an Existing Library Object
Once a rule library has been checked out, you can add a new rule by inserting the
<Rule> element somewhere within the <Library> element. The position of the Rule
within the library is not significant.
Customizing a Workflow Process
This section uses an Email Notification example to illustrate the end-to-end steps
you follow to customize a workflow process. Specifically, you will:
1.
Create a custom Identity Manager email template
2.
Customize the Identity Manager Create User workflow process to use the new
template and to send an email welcoming the new user to the company
NOTE
344
•
Illustrations provided in this example may differ slightly from
those you see when you load a process. Discrepancies can result
in different component positioning or the selective removal of
process actions that are unimportant to the example.
•
Though you can perform many tasks from the tree view or
diagram view, this example primarily uses BPE’s tree view.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Customizing a Workflow Process
Step 1: Create a Custom Email Template
To create the custom email template, open and modify an existing Identity
Manager email template as follows:
1.
From the BPE menu bar, select File > Open Repository Object > Email
Templates.
2.
When the selection dialog displays (Figure A-45), select the Account Creation
Notification template and then click OK.
Figure A-45
Selecting an Email Template
3.
When the selected email template displays in the BPE, right-click the template
name and select Copy from the pop-up menu.
4.
Right-click again and select Paste.
A copy of the email template appears in the list view.
TIP
5.
When pasting, be sure the mouse does not cover an item and
that no items are selected (or the paste action will be ignored).
Double-click the new email template in list view to open the template.
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Customizing a Workflow Process
6.
Change the template name by typing User Creation Notification in the
Name field.
Figure A-46
7.
Renaming the New Template
In the newly created User Creation Notification template, modify the Subject
and Body fields as needed.
Figure A-47
Customizing the User Creation Notification Email Template
You can also add a comma-separated list of Identity Manager accounts or
email addresses to the Cc field.
8.
When you are finished, click OK.
9.
To save the template and check it into the repository, select File > Save in the
Repository from the menu bar.
Now you are ready to modify the Create User workflow process. Continue to the
next section for instructions.
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Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Customizing a Workflow Process
Step 2: Customize the Workflow Process
Use the following steps to modify the Create User workflow process to use the new
email template:
1.
Load the workflow process from the BPE by selecting File > Open Repository
Object > Workflow Processes.
A dialog appears that contains the Identity Manager objects you can edit.
2.
Select the Create User workflow process, and then click OK.
Figure A-48
Loading the Workflow Process
The Create User workflow displays.
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Customizing a Workflow Process
3.
In tree view, right-click the Create User process and select New > Activity from
the pop-up menu.
Figure A-49
Creating and Naming an Activity
A new activity, named activity1, displays at the bottom of the activities list in
the tree view.
4.
Double-click activity1 to open the activity dialog.
5.
Type Email User in the Name field to change the activity name.
In the default Create User workflow, the step that notifies account requestors
that an account was created (Notify) transitions directly to end.
To include a new step in the workflow, you must delete this transition and
create new transitions (between Notify and Email User, and from Email User
to end) to send email to the new user before the process ends.
348
6.
Right-click Notify, and then select Edit.
7.
In the Activity dialog Transitions area, select end and then click Delete to
delete that transition.
8.
In the Transitions area, click New to add a transition.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Customizing a Workflow Process
9.
When the Transition dialog displays, select Email User from the list and then
click Done.
Figure A-50
Creating and Modifying Transitions
10. In the BPE tree view, right-click Email User, and then select New > Transition
to create a transition and open the Transition dialog.
11. Select end, and then click OK.
12. Next, you must create an action for the new Email User activity that defines the
email action and its recipient. In the tree view, right-click Email User, and then
select New > Action to open the Action dialog.
13. Enable the Application button for the Type option.
14. Type a name for the new action in the Name field.
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15. Select email from the Application menu.
Figure A-51
Creating an Action
16. New selections display in the Arguments table. Enter the following
information:
вќЌ
вќЌ
template: Enter the new email template name, User Creation
Notification.
toAddress: Enter the $(user.waveset.email) variable for the user.
17. Click New to add an argument to the table. Name the argument accountId and
enter the $(accountId) value for this argument.
Figure A-52
Creating an Action
18. When you are finished, click OK.
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Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
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19. Select File > Save in the Repository from the BPE menu bar to save the process
and check it back into the repository.
After saving, you can use Identity Manager to test the new process by creating a
user. For simplicity and speed, do not select approvers or resources for the new
user. Use your own email address (or one that you can access) so that, upon
creation, you can verify receipt of the new welcome message.
Debugging Workflows, Forms, and Rules
The BPE includes a graphical debugger for workflows, rules, and forms. You can
use the BPE debugger to set breakpoints visually, execute a workflow or form to a
breakpoint, then stop process execution and examine the variables.
If you have previously used a code debugger for a procedural programming
language, you will be familiar with the terms used in this section.
For more information about views, workflow, forms see the relevant chapters in
Sun Javaв„ў System Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.
This section describes how to use the BPE Debugger, and is organized into the
following sections:
•
Recommendations for Use
•
Using the Debugger Main Window
•
Stepping through an Executing Process
•
Getting Started
•
Debugging Workflows
•
Debugging Forms
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Recommendations for Use
Use the BPE debugger under the following conditions only:
•
Use in a development or test environment. Do not use the debugger in a
production environment. Because setting a breakpoint is a global setting,
incoming request threads are suspended when that breakpoint is reached.
•
Assign user the Run Debugger right. (This right is granted as part of the
Waveset Administrator capability.) The debugger can suspend threads
(thereby potentially locking other users out of the system) and display
variables, which possibly contain sensitive data, of other users’ sessions. Given
the powerful repercussions of misusing this right, exercise caution when
assigning it.
•
Assign user a private copy of the application server. If two users are
developing on the same application server and one user connects a debugger
to it, the other user will hit their breakpoints during usage, and will be
locked out.
Clusters are not supported for use with the BPE debugger.
Running the Debugger Outside a Test Environment
If you find a problem in production that requires debugging, reproduce and debug
it in a test environment. Setting breakpoint in the debugger can quickly bring down
the application server in a production environment, where a large volume of traffic
occurs. In addition depending on where breakpoints are set, users can be blocked
from using the system.
If you cannot debug in a separate test environment, follow this procedure:
1.
Divert all live traffic to a subset of your cluster by taking one of the nodes in
your cluster offline. (For the purpose of this task, call this node server-a.)
2.
Use the BPE to edit the System Configuration object by setting the
SystemConfiguration serverSettings.server-a.debugger.enabled
property to true.
See “Step Two: Edit the System Configuration Object” on page 361 for more
information about accessing the System Configuration object with the BPE.
352
3.
Restart server-a so that the change to the System Configuration
property setting can take effect.
4.
Launch the debugger by selecting Tools > Debugger.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Debugging Workflows, Forms, and Rules
5.
Create a new workspace, where the debugger connection uses the
following URL:
server-a:<port>
When you have finished debugging
6.
Set serverSettings.server-a.debugger.enabled to false and restart server-a
to prevent the debugger from connecting to your live production environment.
7.
Reintegrate server-a into your on-line cluster.
Disabling the Debugger
Always disable the serverSettings.server-a.debugger.enabled property in
production to prevent someone from accidently connecting a debugger to the
application server.
To disable the debugger, set the System Configuration object property
serverSettings.<server>.debugger. to enabled=false.
Using the Debugger Main Window
The main debugger window displays the XML of the selected object and provides
information about its execution. From this window, you can
•
Start and stop the debugging process
•
Navigate through the process execution
•
Set distinct stopping points in process execution, or breakpoints. For more
information about breakpoints, see Setting Breakpoints.
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Figure A-53
NOTE
BPE Debugger: Main Window
The BPE debugger provides numerous keyboard shortcuts for
performing tasks. See “Using Keyboard Shortcuts” on page 311 for a
list of these shortcuts.
The main window contains the following areas, which are described below:
354
•
Sources Area
•
Execution Stack
•
Variables Area
•
Variables Not Available
•
Last Result
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Debugging Workflows, Forms, and Rules
•
Last Result Not Available
•
Setting Breakpoints
Sources Area
The Sources area displays the unfiltered XML of the selected object.
The left margin of the XML panel displays a series of boxes that indicate points in
the code where breakpoints can be set. Click the box immediately adjacent to the
<WFProcess...> tag to set a breakpoint at the start of the workflow.
Figure A-54
BPE Debugger Main Window Source Panel
Execution Stack
The Execution Stack identifies which function in the selected object is under
execution. This area lists the executing function’s name and the name of the
function that called it.
If additional functions appear in the call chain, these functions are listed in order.
This list is also called a stack trace, and displays the structure of the execution stack
at this point in the program's life.
Figure A-55
BPE Debugger Main Window Execution Stack Panel
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Variables Area
The Variables area lists all variables that are currently in scope at the current point
of execution. Click on the variable object name to expand it and display the names
of each variable.
Figure A-56
BPE Main Window Variables Panel
Variables Not Available
The Variables Not Available area displays if debugging is inactive or if the selected
stack frame is not the current stack frame.
Last Result
If the current element is an XPRESS end tag, the Last Result area contains the result
of that evaluation. Also applies to other tags for which last value makes sense. For
example, as <Argument>'s to workflow subprocesses are evaluated, this area has the
value of that argument. This area is not available if debugging is not currently in
progress.
Figure A-57
BPE Debugger Main Window Last result Panel
Last Result Not Available
The Last Result Not Available area displays if debugging is inactive.
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Setting Breakpoints
A breakpoint is a command that the debugger uses to halt the execution of the object
before executing a specific line of code. In the Identity Manager debugger, code
breakpoints apply regardless of where the form or workflow is launched from.
While most debuggers allow you to set breakpoints only on source locations, the
BPE debugger permits you to also set breakpoints at conceptual execution points,
such as Refresh view. In this case, the debugger will suspend when a Refresh view
operation occurs. You can then step-into the refresh view and see the underlying
form processing in progress.
Setting a breakpoint is a global setting. That is, it causes the incoming request
threads to suspend when the designated breakpoint is reached. This happens
regardless of which user is making the request.
Setting a Breakpoint
To view a summary of all source breakpoints, click the Sources tab. The
Breakpoints pane lists all source breakpoints. Navigate to a particular breakpoint
by clicking the breakpoint in.
Types of Breakpoints
The Breakpoints area provides the following types of breakpoint settings:
•
Global breakpoints (Global tab)
•
Breakpoints associated with commonly used views (View cycle tab)
•
Breakpoints associated with stages of form processing (Form cycle tab)
Access these breakpoint types by selecting the designated tab.
•
Select the Global tab to set code breakpoints by:
вќЌ
вќЌ
All anonymous breakpoints: Sets a breakpoint on an anonymous source.
All named breakpoints: Turns step-over and step-out into step-into
processing.
Breakpoints always supersede step-over and step-out functionality.
Consequently, if you enable this setting, you have effectively turned
step-over and step-out into step-into processing. In typical use, set All
named breakpoints only if you do not know which form or workflow a
given page uses. If you turn on this setting, turn if off immediately after the
debug process identifies the form or workflow. Otherwise, you will be
forced to step through every point of execution.
вќЌ
Enabling both settings, results in the debugger checking all breakpoints.
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(Optional) Select a global setting, and click OK.
Figure A-58
•
Select the View cycle tab to set code breakpoints based on the view processing
that occurs during process execution. The most commonly invoked view
operations are listed in this dialog. Each of the listed view operations are
available on each view.
Figure A-59
358
BPE Debugger Breakpoints Panel: Global Tab
BPE Debugger Breakpoints Panel: View Cycle Tab
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Debugging Workflows, Forms, and Rules
•
Select the Form cycle tab to set code breakpoints based on a designated stage of
form processing. For information about the stages of form processing, see Sun
Javaв„ў System Identity Manager Workflows, Forms, and Views.
Figure A-60
BPE Debugger Breakpoints Panel: Form Cycle Tab
Stepping through an Executing Process
Stepping through describes the sequential, deliberate analysis of an executing
process’ functions.
Terminology
Step into, step over, and step out are terms borrowed from debuggers of procedural
programming languages, in which the execution order is implied by the structure
of the language. However, in Identity Manager forms and workflow, the order in
which elements occur in the code do not reflect the order in which they are
executed.
Consequently, these terms have slightly different meanings when used in the
Business Process Editor:
•
Step-into: Describes moving to the next point of execution on the current
thread. Step-into always the smallest amount by which you can proceed
through a process in the debugger XML display.
•
Step over: Describes moving from the current begin tag to the current end tag
without stopping at an interim element. Stepping over permits you skip almost
everything between a start and end tag. However, if the next point of
execution does not occur between the start and end tags of the current
element, debugging halts there instead.
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For example, in a workflow containing multiple active virtual threads, you can
step to the start tag of an action, but the next element to be executed is a
different action. In this case, the process stops executing at a different point.
Thus, you avoid accidently skipping over a potentially significant element.
•
Step out: Describes moving incrementally until the execution stack is one less
than the current. Similar to step-over. If the next point of execution has a
different parent execution stack, it will stop there instead.
General Hints
Following is a list of hints to help you successfully step through an executing
process:
•
Set up stepping in the debugger to be as granular as feasible in the context of
your debugging task. This practice helps you avoid missing anything
potentially critical to debugging.
•
Stepping does not change the execution order of your program. The program’s
execution order is the same as it would be if the debugger were not attached.
You can skip seeing portions of the execution (but they still execute regardless).
•
Click step-into when you want the smallest step possible through the code.
•
Click step-over when you feel that no probable problem exists with the content
between the start and end tag. The debugger then skips this element although
the code in between these tags still executes.
Table A-7 provides a snapshot of how the BPE debugger would proceed through
the following code sample:
<A>
<B/>
</A>
<D/>
(A, B, and D are some xml elements)
Table A-7
Example Debugging Process
Execution Order
Result
<A>, <B/>, </A>, <D/>
If you are clicking step-into, the debugger highlights the lines in that execution order.
If you are clicking step-over, the debugger highlights <A>, </A> (skipping B), <D/>
<A>, <D/>, <B/>, </A>
360
If you are clicking step-over, you will see code lines in the order <A>, <D/>, <B/>, </A>.
(Step-over is equivalent to step-into for this case.)
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Debugging Workflows, Forms, and Rules
Getting Started
The BPE includes a tutorial on using the debugger with workflow, forms, and
rules. The debugger ships with sample/debugger-tutorial.xml, which contains
some sample workflows, rules, and forms. These samples are used throughout this
chapter for tutorial purposes.
Step One: Import Tutorial File
Use one of the following methods to import the tutorial file:
•
From Identity Manager, select Configure > Import Exchange File. Then either
enter sample/debugger-tutorial.xml into the File to Upload field or click
Browse to navigate to this file.
•
From the Console, enter import -v sample/debugger-tutorial.xml.
After importing the file successfully, continue to the next section.
Step Two: Edit the System Configuration Object
To edit the system configuration object, use the following steps:
1.
From the BPE, open the System Configuration object for editing by selecting
File > Open Repository Object > Generic Objects > System Configuration.
2.
In the tree view, expand serverSettings and the default attribute, and then
select debugger.
3.
In the Attributes panel, click the Value column to enable debugging.
4.
Select File > Save In Repository to save your change.
5.
Restart your application server.
CAUTION
Do not enable this property in production.
Step Three: Launch the Debugger
After restarting the application server, you can select Tools > Debugger to launch
the BPE debugger.
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Example: Debugging the Tabbed User Form and Refresh View
This section provides a sample debugging procedure to illustrate how debugger
breakpoints apply regardless of from where you launched a form or workflow.
The sample procedure includes the following steps:
1.
Setting a Breakpoint
2.
Creating New User
3.
Viewing Before Refresh View Results
4.
Viewing After Refresh View Results
5.
Stepping Through the Form
6.
Completing the Form Processing
Setting a Breakpoint
To set a breakpoint:
1.
Click the View cycle tab in the Breakpoints panel.
2.
Check Refresh View. The debugger now executes a breakpoint whenever a
view is refreshed during execution.
Creating New User
To create a new user:
362
1.
In Identity Manager, select Accounts > New... User.
2.
Enter a first name (for example, jean) and a last name (for example, faux).
3.
Click the Identity tab to trigger a refresh view operation.
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Viewing Before Refresh View Results
Return to the debugger frame, which is now suspended on the Refresh view
breakpoint that you set. The Execution Stack lists Before Refresh View, which
indicates the state of the view just before the refresh operation occurred. The
Variables panel displays the view just before it has been refreshed.
Figure A-61
Example 1: Debugging Suspended on Before Refresh View Breakpoint
Expand the global subtree and locate the firstname and lastname values that you
typed in the form. Note that the fullname is currently null.
Viewing After Refresh View Results
To view the After Refresh view results,
1.
Click Continue.
The Execution Stack lists After Refresh View, which indicates that it now
displays the state of the view just after refresh has occurred. Note that the
fullname value is now jean faux.
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Figure A-62
2.
Example 1: Debugging Suspended on After Refresh View Breakpoint
Click Continue again.
The form has resumed execution. Return to the browser window. Change First
Name to jean2 and click the Identity tab again to trigger another refresh.
3.
Return to the debugger frame.
Form processing is suspended at Before Refresh View.
Stepping Through the Form
To Step Through the form,
1.
Click Step-Into to reveal the fullname expansion in execution.
The debugger displays Before Expansion, which indicates that the form
variables have not been expanded.
Figure A-63
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Example 1: Debugging Suspended Before First Expansion Pass
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2.
Click Step-Into again.
The debugger displays Before Expansion, iteration=0, indicating that you
will see the form variables before the first Expansion pass.
3.
Click Step-Into again.
The debugger is now on an anonymous source. The anonymous source is a
wrapper form created on the fly and is related to the MissingFields form.
Figure A-64
Example 1: Stepping-into the Start of Tabbed User Form
4.
Click Step-Into two more times until you reach the beginning of Tabbed
User Form.
5.
Continue to click Step-Into until you reach <Field name='global.fullName'>
(Approximately 20 to 30 step-into operations.)
6.
Click Step-into 15 times or until you have reached the </Field> element.
While stepping, the Last result at the </concat> tag is jean2 faux.
The form_outputs contains global.fullname: jean2 faux.
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Figure A-65
Example 1: Completed Debugging of Tabbed User Form
Complete Form Processing
To complete form processing:
1.
Click Step-out seven times.
At this point, your stack should indicate:
Refresh View (User)
After Expansion
The Variables panel reflects the state of the form variables after all expansions
have run.
2.
Click Step-out again.
You have now reached After refresh view. The variables now displayed are the
view variables.
3.
Expand the global subtree.
Note that fullname is now jean2 faux.
4.
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Click Continue.
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Debugging Workflows, Forms, and Rules
Debugging Workflows
This section provides information about debugging your workflows.
The Workflow Execution Model
Workflows are executed by a single Java thread and are represented in the
Execution Stack panel by a single Java thread. However, within a workflow, each
activity becomes its own virtual thread.
During workflow execution, the workflow engine cycles through a queue of virtual
threads. Each virtual thread is in one of the states described in the following table.
Table A-8
Virtual Thread States
Workflow Activity State
Definition
ready
Identifies an activity that has just been transitioned to. (This state is very temporary, as
actions typically start executing immediately after being designated ready.)
executing
Identifies an activity that contains one or more actions that are currently being executed or
have yet to run.
This is a logical state, which does not mean that the Java thread is currently executing it.
The action currently being executed is always the action that is highlighted in the
debugger.
pending outbound
Identifies an activity after all actions within an activity have been run, it goes to the
pending outbound state. In this state, it awaits an outbound transition to be taken. In the
case of an or-split, it is in this state until one transition is taken. In the case of an and-split,
it will be in this state until all transitions whose conditions evaluate to true are taken.
inactive
Identifies an activity in which all transitions have been taken.
pending inbound
Identifies a virtual thread whose activity is an and-join. That is, one transition to this virtual
thread has occurred, but the process is still waiting for other transitions.
After all transitions have completed, the workflow process subsequently begins
executing.
Example 1: Debugging a Workflow and a Rule
The example provided in this section illustrates how to use the BPE debugger to
debug a sample workflow and rule using a workflow provided in
debugger-tutorial-workflow1 (supplied with Identity Manager). This example
exemplifies how to step-into and step-through workflow debugging and rule
execution.
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For this example, you perform the following steps:
1.
Launch the process.
2.
Start execution.
3.
Step through the getFirstName thread.
4.
Step into and over the getlastname thread.
5.
Step into computefullname processing.
6.
Step through rule processing.
7.
Conclude workflow processing.
Step One: Launch the Process
To launch the workflow debugging process:
1.
From the debugger main window, select File > Open Repository Object.
2.
Click debugger-tutorial-workflow1.
Note the small boxes in the left margin of the XML display. These boxes
identify potential breakpoints that you can insert into the code.
Figure A-66
368
Setting the First Breakpoint
3.
Click the box adjacent to the <WFProcess> tag to set a breakpoint at the start of
the workflow.
4.
Log in to Identity Manager and select Tasks > Run Tasks.
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Debugging Workflows, Forms, and Rules
5.
Click debugger-tutorial-workflow1.
The debugger frame indicates that debugging has halted at your breakpoint.
Figure A-67
Debugging Halted at Breakpoint
Note the following:
вќЌ
Execution Stack Panel — At the top of the Execution Stack panel, you see
Thread [thread name] (suspended), which indicates that this workflow is
currently being run by the thread of the given name, and that it is
suspended at the breakpoint you set.
Below the Thread is your execution stack. This stack is an upside-down
stack trace, with the calling function on top and the called function at the
bottom. (It is upside down compared with how most debuggers represent
execution stacks.)
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The top most frame in the stack says Checkin View (ProcessViewer), which
indicates that the workflow is being called by the checkinView method of
the ProcessViewer. Because you do not have access to the Java source code
for this stack frame, clicking on it will not display new information.
However, the stack frame does provide context about where the workflow
is being launched from.
The next frame in the stack is highlighted because it corresponds to the
current point of execution, which is the beginning of the workflow process
(<WFProcess>).
вќЌ
6.
Variables panel — Lists all variables that are currently in scope at the
current point of execution. You will see
•
Interactive — This variable is passed in by the view as an input to the
process.
•
WF_CASE_OWNER, WF_CASE_RESULT, WF_CONTEXT — These
variables are implicit workflow variables.
•
firstName, fullname, and lastName — These variables are declared in
the workflow using <Variable> declarations.
Select Debug > Select Current Line (F5) to re-highlight your current line of
execution.
Step Two: Start Execution
To start execution:
1.
Click Step-Into.
At this point, the debugger moves to the start activity. Notice that the
execution stack contains a Virtual Thread [start, step=0] (executing), which
indicates there is a Virtual Thread for the start activity that is currently in the
executing state.
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Figure A-68
Stepping-into the Execution of the First Virtual Thread
2.
Click two levels up on the debugger-tutorial-workflow-1 frame to highlight
the WFProcess, showing you the location of the caller.
3.
Press F5 to return to the current line.
4.
Click Step-Into.
At this point, the debugger moves to the </Activity> and the start virtual
thread is now pending outbound.
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Step Three: Step Through the getFirstName Thread
Use the following procedure to step-through the getFirstName thread:
1.
Click Step-Into.
At this point, the debugger has highlighted the transition to getFirstName.
2.
Click Step-Into.
A new Virtual Thread for getFirstName has been created as a result of this
transition. This Virtual Thread is currently in the ready state. The start virtual
thread is still pending outbound (because this is an and-split operation, it must
take all possible transitions).
Figure A-69
3.
Example 2: Stepping-into the Execution of getFirstName
Click Step-Into again.
The debugger jumps to the getFirstName activity. The state changes from
ready to executing.
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4.
Click Step-Into.
The debugger moves to the get action.
5.
Click Step-Into three more times or until the debugger reaches the </set> tag.
The variables panel indicates that firstName has been set to myfirstname as a
result of the </set>.
Step Four: Step Into and Over the getLastName Thread
Use the following procedure to step-into and over the getLastName thread:
1.
Click Step-Into three more times or until the debugger reaches the </Activity>
for getFirstName.
The getFirstName virtual thread is now pending outbound.
2.
Click Step-Into.
The debugger returns to the start virtual thread, and is about to process the
transition to getLastName.
3.
Click Step-Into.
The start has gone to inactive because all transitions have been processed.
getLastName is now in the ready state because of this transition.
4.
Click Step-Into.
At this point, the start virtual thread will go away because it is inactive.
Debugging moves to the getLastName virtual thread, which is now in the
executing state.
5.
Click Step-Over to skip to the end of getLastName.
The lastName variable in the variables panel has been set to mylastname. Both
the getFirstName and getLastName virtual threads are pending outbound.
6.
Click Step-Into.
The debugger is on the transition from getFirstName to computeFullName.
7.
Click Step-Into.
getFirstName goes to inactive and a new virtual thread, computeFullName is
created. This thread is in the pending inbound state because it is still waiting
on the inbound transition from getLastName. (The wait occurs because it is an
and-join operation. If it were an or-join operation, process status would
immediately go to ready.)
8.
Click Step-Into.
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The debugger is now on the transition from getLastName to computeFullName.
Figure A-70
Debugger Transitioning from getFirstName to computeFullName
Step Five: Step Into computeFullName Processing
Use the following procedure to step-into computeFullName processing:
1.
Click Step-Into.
The computeFullName virtual thread goes from pending inbound to ready
because of this transition.
2.
Click Step-Into.
computeFullName is now executing.
3.
Click Step-Into five more times.
The debugger is now on the </argument> tag for firstName. The last result
panel shows <String>myfirstname</String>. This value is passed for the
firstName argument.
Figure A-71
374
Stepping Into computeFullName Processing
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Debugging Workflows, Forms, and Rules
Step Six: Step Through Rule Processing
To Step Through rule processing:
1.
Click Step-Into three more times.
The debugger steps into the Compute-Full-Name rule. In the execution stack,
click the frame to move up one frame. The <rule> call in
debugger-tutorial-workflow-1 is highlighted to indicate from where the rule is
being called. Press F5 to re-select your current line.
2.
Click Step-Into three more times or until the debugger reaches the </ref> tag.
The last result panel shows <String>myfirstname</String>, which is the
result of the <ref>firstName</ref>.
3.
Click Step-Into three more times or until the debugger reaches the
</concat> tag.
The Last result panel displays the result of the <concat> expression.
<String>myfirstname mylastname</String>
4.
Click Step-Into twice more and Debugging returns to the </rule> tag.
Step Seven: Concluding Workflow Processing
To conclude workflow processing:
5.
Click Step-Into until you reach the </set> element.
The fullname variable has been updated to myfirstname mylastname.
6.
Click Step-Into twice more.
computeFullName is now pending outbound.
7.
Click Step-Into four more times. end goes to ready, then executing.
The debugger reaches the </WFProcess> tag, indicating that the process has
now completed.
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8.
Click Step-Into.
The Execution Stack displays After Checkin view, meaning that the
checkin-view operation that launched this workflow has completed.
Figure A-72
9.
Example 2: Completion of Check-in View Operation
Click Continue to resume execution.
If the browser request has not timed out, the Task Results diagram with the
process diagram is displayed.
Example 2: Debugging a Workflow Containing a Manual Action
and a Form
This section provides an example that illustrates how to debug a sample workflow
containing a manual action and a form.
Use workflow2 from the debugger tutorial files and perform the following steps:
1.
Select File > Open Repository Object.
2.
Expand Workflow Processes, and select debugger-tutorial-workflow2.
3.
Set a breakpoint on the <WFProcess...> tag.
4.
Log in to Identity Manager, and navigate to Tasks > Run Tasks.
5.
Click debugger-tutorial-workflow2.
The debugger has stopped at the breakpoint you set.
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6.
Click Step-Into six times or until the debugger marks <ManualAction...
name='getNameAction'>).
Figure A-73
Stepping Into a Manual Action
7.
Click Step-Into.
8.
When a dialog displays to explain that form processing occurs in a different
thread, set a breakpoint on the <Form> tag to see the processing occur.
Figure A-74
Stepping Into Manual Action Dialog
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9.
Click Yes or Always.
After form processing has completed, the workflow continues execution in a
separate thread. Consequently, you must set a breakpoint on the
</ManualAction> to observe workflow processing after the form has
completed processing.
Figure A-75
Breakpoint Marking Start of Form
Note that the debugger has set breakpoints on the <Form> and
</ManualAction> tags as indicated. In addition, the execution stack indicates
After checkin view... and you have stepped out of the workflow process
because workflow processing has proceeded as far as possible (until the
manual action completes).
10. Click Continue, and the debugger stops processing at the breakpoint set on the
<Form> element.
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Figure A-76
Debugger Displaying Manual Action Processing
Note the following In the Execution Stack area:
вќЌ
вќЌ
вќЌ
Checkout View (WorkItem:...) — Indicates that processing is occurring in
the context of a checkout view for the given work item.
ManualAction forms — Operate against the work item view and
manipulate workflow variables through the variables object. Expand the
variables object to see the non-null workflow variables.
Derivation — Indicates that form execution is on the Derivation pass.
11. Because this form contains no <Derivation> expressions, proceed to the next
phase or processing by clicking Continue. The HTML Generation (root
component) pass of form processing begins.
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HTML Generation Phase (Root Component)
To generate HTML for the root component:
1.
Click Step-Into twice.
The debugger has just processed the title <Property> element. The Last result
panel contains the value of this property.
2.
Click Step-Into three more times.
The debugger skips the fields in the form and goes directly to the </Form>
element because this pass focuses only building the root component of the
page.
3.
Click Continue.
The HTML Generation (subcomponents) pass of form processing begins.
HTML Generation (Subcomponents)
To generate HTML for the subcomponents:
1.
Click Step-Into 13 times or until the debugger reaches the </Form> tag.
The debugger iterates over each of these fields and evaluates their display
properties.
2.
Click Continue.
The debugger displays No suspended threads because execution has resumed.
Control has now returned to your browser window.
3.
Return to your browser window, and enter your first and last name as
prompted, and click Save.
Return to your debugger frame. The debugger is now suspended on your
breakpoint.
4.
Expand the Variables subtree.
The firstName and lastName are the values that you just entered. The
debugger is currently in the Confirmation phase of form processing.
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Figure A-77
Form Processing Confirmation Phase
Confirmation
Because this form has no confirmation fields, no processing occurs.
Click Continue to begin the Validation phase of form processing.
Validation and Expansion
Because this form contains no Validation expressions, no obvious processing
occurs.
1.
Click Continue to skip the Validation phase.
You are now on the Expansion phase of form processing.
2.
Click Step-Into six times.
The debugger is now on the <rule> tag of the <Expansion> of the
variables.fullName field.
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Figure A-78
Stepping Into Rule Processing
3.
Click Step-Into five times, and the debugger has now stepped into the <rule>
element.
4.
Click Step-Into seven times or until the debugger reaches the </Rule> element.
The Last result contains the full name.
5.
Click Step-Into again and processing resumes in the form.
6.
Click Step-Into again.
The top-level variables.fullName has the value of the Expansion expression
that just ran. This is top-level entity rather that a child of the variables data
structure because during form processing, form outputs are kept in their own
temporary form_outputs data structure, with path expressions flattened.
After form processing, form outputs are assimilated back into the view. In the
implicit variables form_inputs and form_outputs, form_inputs shows the
unmodified workitem view, and form_outputs shows the output fields that are
assimilated back into the view after form processing completes.
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Figure A-79
Debugger Displaying Completed Execution of variable.fullName
In general, form_inputs identifies the view, and form_outputs contains data to
be assimilated back into the view. However, not all forms are necessarily tied
to a view (for example, active sync forms). The form engine is a general data
mapping engine, mapping from form inputs to form outputs. The view
handler is responsible for passing the view into the form engine and
assimilating the outputs back into the view.
7.
Click Continue.
The debugger reaches the </ManualAction> breakpoint, which was set before
when the debugger stepped into the Manual Action. The variables firstName
and lastName are the values that you entered. fullName is the result of the
Expansion expression that was just run.
Figure A-80
Debugger Displaying the Result of Expansion Processing
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8.
Click Step-Into five times until <ManualAction...
name='displayNameAction'>.
9.
Click Step-Into again. (Click Yes or Always, if prompted.)
10. Click Continue.
The debugger is now on the Derivation pass for displayNameForm.
Derivation and HTML Generation (Root Component)
To complete the derivation and HTML generate phase
1.
Click Continue to begin the HTML Generation (root component) processing for
displayNameForm.
2.
Click Step-Into eight times or until the debugger reaches the </Property>
element for subTitle.
3.
Click Continue twice.
The debugger displays the following message:
No suspended threads because execution has resumed. Control has now
returned to the browser window.
4.
Return to your browser window.
The information displayed is the same you entered.
5.
Click Save and return to your debugger frame.
The debugger is now on the Confirmation pass, processing the
displayNameForm.
Validation and Expansion
To begin validation and expansion,
1.
Click Continue to begin the Validation pass.
2.
Click Continue to begin the Expansion pass.
3.
Click Continue again.
The debugger is now on the </ManualAction> tag because the manual action is
complete. At this point, workflow processing has resumed.
4.
384
Click Step-Into five times or until the debugger reaches the </WFProcess> tag,
indicating that the workflow has completed execution.
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Debugging Workflows, Forms, and Rules
5.
Click Continue.
The debugger displays the following message:
No suspended threads because resumed execution has resumed. Control has
now returned to your browser window.
6.
Return to your browser window to observe the workflow process diagram.
Debugging Forms
Forms are processed in a series of passes. Depending on which pass is in progress,
certain elements are processed and others are ignored. The execution stack in the
debugger main window indicates the current phase of form processing. The
execution stack frame preceding the outermost form always has the name of
the pass.
Derivation
During Derivation phase of form execution, the form engine iterates over each field
and it processes each <Disable> expression.
The form engine also processes the <Derivation> expression, for fields whose
<Disable> expressions return false.
Expansion
The debugger iterates over each field and processes each <Disable> expression.
For those fields whose <Disable> expressions return false, it processes the
<Expansion> expression.
The Expansion processing phase continues to run until either
•
No more changes occur.
•
maxIterations has been exceeded. maxIterations is a parameter that is
passed into the form engine form Expansion element processing.
By default, maxIterations is set to one. Consequently, the debugger makes only
one pass, which is why the Execution stack panel displays Expansion,
iteration=0 when expansions are run.
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Validation
The debugger iterates over each field, processing each <Disable> expression.
For those fields whose <Disable> expressions return false, the form engine also
processes the following:
•
If the field has a <Display> expression with a required property, it evaluates
that property expression
•
If the field has a <Validation> expression, it evaluates that validation
expression
Confirmation
The debugger iterates over each field, processing each <Disable> expression. For
those fields whose <Disable> expressions return false and that also have a
confirm attribute, the debugger confirms that the field referenced by confirm
matches this field. If the fields do not match, it adds an error to display.errors in
the Variables panel.
Assimilation
The debugger iterates over each field and processes each <Disable> expression.
For those fields whose <Disable> expressions return false, the debugger
processes the <Property> objects of the field's <Display> element.
Note that this phase is typically skipped. It is relevant only for certain forms (such
as the login form) that do not contain display.mementos. This is necessary for these
forms to reconstruct the HTML components during post data assimilation.
HTML Generation (Root Component)
The debugger iterates over only the top level form and the form's <FieldDisplay>
element. The goal of this pass is to build the top-level HTML component. HTML
Generation (subcomponents) pass follows immediately.
HTML Generation (Subcomponents)
The debugger iterates over each field. It also processes each <Disable> expression.
For those fields whose <Disable> expressions return false, the debugger
processes the <Property> elements of the field's <Display> element.
Custom View Processing
Certain views require additional passes over the form. During these passes, the
debugger iterates over each field and processes each <Disable> expression.
386
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Debugging Workflows, Forms, and Rules
Working with Anonymous Sources
When stepping through forms, the debugger can identify an anonymous source.
An anonymous source is a form (or portion of a form) that is generated on the fly. As
a result, an anonymous source does not correspond to a persistent form that
resides in the Identity Manager repository. (Examples of anonymous sources
include the login forms and the MissingFields form.)
You cannot set individual breakpoints on an anonymous source because they do
not reside in the Identity Manager repository and thus lack a unique identifier.
However, you can step through an anonymous source.
To set a breakpoint on all anonymous sources, select the Global tab in the
Breakpoints panel. The debugger subsequently breaks any time it encounters a line
from an anonymous source. For example, to debug the login form, select this
option, and go to the login page.
Appendix A
Using the Business Process Editor
387
Debugging Workflows, Forms, and Rules
388
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Index
SYMBOLS
*-target.properties files 38, 49, 59
<AccountAttribute> 184
<AccountAttributesTypes> 192
<addRequest> 254, 276
<argument> 24, 109, 141, 356
<AttributeDefinitionRef> 192, 200
<AuthnProperty> 195
<Comment> 142, 324, 332
<defvar> 134, 135, 140
<Derivation> expressions 162, 249, 255, 379, 385
<Disable> 107, 385, 386
<Expansion> expressions 249
<LoginConfig> 195
<LoginConfigEntry> 184, 195, 196, 197, 219
<modifyRequest> 254
<ObjectAttributes> 206
<ObjectClasses> 203
<ObjectFeatures> 204
<ObjectTypes> 201
<putmap> 142
<ref> 83, 140, 146
<ResourceAttribute> 184, 186
<ResourceUserForm> 184
<Rule> 139, 141
<rule> 141, 144, 145, 343
<RuleArgument> 141, 146
<script> 144
<searchRequest> 255
<setlist> 142
<setvar> 142, 143, 148
<SupportedApplications> 195, 196
<Template> 184
@change-attribute-here 182
@todo 179, 180, 182
A
accessing
Identity Manager Web Services 240
account attributes
defining 183, 184, 185
description 190
mapping resource attributes 192, 199, 200
standard Identity Manager 190
using Correlation rule 173
using process rule 172
using Resolve Process rule 173
account DN 183, 185
account name syntax 183
accountID 133, 173, 189, 195
accountId 163, 184, 190, 191, 193, 194, 230, 260, 284
accounts
disabling 217
enabling 213, 217
accounts attribute 260
Action expressions, adding 20
389
Section A
Actions
adding elements 13, 56
adding results 57
creating 349
debugging 86
executing 77
invoking 336
manual 110, 157, 376
workflow 148
activation.jar 4
Active Sync
IAPIProcess 156, 174
IAPIUser 156, 174
interface 168
overview 167
resource attributes 188
rules 112
tasks and processes 156
Active Sync-enabled adapters 191
event-driven 176
identifying Identity Manager user 172
initializing 220
methods, writing 219
overview 168, 171
polling 176, 220
processing steps 171
resources monitored by 169
storing and retrieving attributes 222
updating the Identity Manager repository 222
ActiveSyncUtil class 220
activities, adding/removing 16
adapters
Active Sync-enabled. See Active Sync-enabled
adapters
build environment 180
creating custom 165, 174
debugging 224, 225
defining features 212
defining resource forms 207
errors creating 229
initializing 220
installing custom 223
maintaining custom 224
methods. See methods, adapter
overview 166
registering 169
390
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
sample files for creating 175, 178
scheduling 220
setting options and attributes 199
skeleton files. See skeleton files, adapter
source file components 182
SPML 2.0 sample 294
standard 168, 170
testing custom 224
writing methods 209
Add option 13, 56
Add requests 246, 254
administrative capabilities 127
administrator interface forms 157
AIXResourceAdapter.java file 179
alphanumeric rules library 113
annotated export, SPML2.XML Object 285
anonymous sources 71, 72, 93, 365, 387
APIs
Identity Manager Session 259, 264
persistent object 313
registering adapters 169
requests 153
application servers
connection settings 37
determining URLs 233
jar requirements 4
launching 39
shutting down 39
approval requests 110
Argument Dialogs 333
arguments
declarations 149
in rules 141
locked 151
referencing 149
resolution 146
types 335, 339
assimilation phase, BPE debugger 386
Async capabilities 279
asynchronous SPML requests 241, 247, 252
attestation requests 116, 117
Attribute class 314
attributes
account. See account attributes
custom 176, 192
Section B
Identity Manager 167
localScope 149
managing 206
mapping syntax 200
process 262
resource. See resource attributes
schema 247
taskName 262
user 167
Auditor rules 114
authenticate() method 219
authentication 230
and SPML 243
pass-through. See pass-through authentication
properties, missing 230
auto-completion 2, 63
starting 296
tree view 303
troubleshooting 300
using SSL 302
validating workflow revisions 308
breakpoints
anonymous sources 72
calling 97
enabling/disabling 23
setting in Identity Manager IDE 19, 66, 67
setting with BPE debugger 351, 357
types of 357
using Breakpoints window 23, 67
Breakpoints window 23, 67
browsing rules 327
build environment for adapters 180
Bulk capabilities 280
bulk operations 158
Business Process Editor. See BPE
B
Batch capabilities 280
BPE
accessing JavaDocs 312
configuration objects 313, 315
configuring 296, 297
creating a new object 317
creating rules 319, 332
Debugger. See Debugger, BPE
display panes for rules 320
display views 303, 304
editing rules 112, 319, 340
editor options 307
enabling JDIC 300
enabling SSL 302
generic objects 313, 316
inserting a method reference 313
inserting XPRESS 310
interface, using 303
keyboard shortcuts 311
loading processes and objects 305
navigating 302
navigation in 319
overview 295
rule dialogs 324
saving changes 309
C
cache, credentials 10
Calculated expression types 55
calculating allowedValues display properties 107
Call Stack window 24, 77
calling
breakpoints 97
functions 54, 144, 337
Identity Manager Session API 259, 264
Java classes 20, 56
JavaScript 20, 56
methods 96, 209, 210, 220, 333
rules 85, 107–153, 330, 342
syntax 145
capabilities
administrative 127
Async 279
Batch 280
Bulk 280
Core 271, 274
declaring 272
defining 167, 271
Index
391
Section C
Identity Manager Administrator 66
Password 280
Reference 283
Search 283
SPML 2.0 271, 273
Suspend 282
Updates 283
catalogs
schema 14
waveset.dtd 14
CBE
default sandbox target 30
modifying project structure 14
sample 27, 49
setting current target 38
using pattern substitution files 49
Change Order option 13
changeUserPassword request 261
changing
expression types 55
object types 44
checking out views 42
Checkout View 9, 10, 36, 37, 42, 88
class names 19
classes
ActiveSyncUtil 220
creating Java 95
editing public 183
ExtendedRequest 259
IAPI 222
Java 210
object 201, 203, 241, 258, 264, 314
PersistentObject 314
Person object 162
provided with OpenSPML Toolkit 258
resource adapter 166, 167
ResourceAdapterBase 168, 212
Clear Credentials Cache option 10
Close Project option 13
cluster support 66
comparing objects 59
Compatibility Bundle, Identity Manager IDE 28, 33
computeFullName processing 85, 374
Configuration Build Environment. See CBE.
configuration display type 327
392
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
configuration objects 49, 111, 241, 285, 313, 314, 315,
317, 318, 342
description/purpose 41
configuration, login 184
configuring
BPE 297
dictionary support 235
form tester 72
repositories 32
confirmation phase, BPE debugger 386
confirmation rule 160, 172
connecting with resource 210
connection information 167
connection settings
checking 210
viewing 37
Constants class 314
context root 34
controlling field visibility in <Disable>
expressions 107
Core capabilities 271, 274
correlation rule 160, 173
create requests 204
Create Unmatched Accounts 173
Create User workflow process 347
creating
Actions 349
custom Java code 95
embedded repository 30
projects 27
remote projects 33
rules to call Java code 95
credentials 103
clearing cache 10
providing 299
securing rules 153
specifying 243
credentials attribute 284
custom adapter
installing 223
maintaining 224
testing 224
custom attributes 176, 192
Section D
customizing workflows, example 344
CVS option 13
D
database accounts adapter files 179
database tables adapter files 179
Debug Project option 13
Debugger windows 67
Debugger, BPE
debugging forms 385
debugging workflows 367
disabling 353
examples 362, 367, 376
getting started with 361
main window 353
overview 351
running outside of test environment 352
stepping through a process 359
tutorial 361
using 352
Debugger, Identity Manager IDE
debugging forms 71
debugging rules 23
debugging workflows 78
description 23
disabling 66, 99
enabling 66
evaluating watches 69
examples 79, 86, 91
getting started 78
overview 65
running outside of test environment 100
starting 67
stepping through a process 69
stopping 99
suspended threads 66
tutorial 78
using 66
debugger-tutorial-workflow2.xml 78
debugging
See also Debugger, BPE
adapters 225
custom adapters 224
enabling 361
examples 79
external servers 28
forms 23, 72
Java 94, 98
JavaScript 333
LoginConfig changes 230
projects 13, 22, 23, 26, 28, 38, 65
rules 23, 339
workflows 77
XPRESS 94, 98
default rules 112
default schemas 247
delete rule 173
deleting
accounts on a resource 215
expressions 54
objects 58
rules from libraries 58
deletion requests 173
deployment descriptor 253
derivation
BPE Debugger 379, 384, 385
Identity Manager IDE 88, 90
SPML processes 162
Design view
description 15, 16, 21
opening rules 15
opening workflows 16
toolbar buttons 16
developing SPML applications 257
diagnosing problems
Diagnostic dialogs 339
SPML 265, 292
diagram view, BPE 304
dictionary policy 235
configuring 236
implementing 237
dictionary support 235
Diff Objects option 9
Diff Output window, opening 60
diffing
directories 59
objects 58, 59, 61
options 58
Index
393
Section E
disableUser requests 260
disabling
breakpoints 23
modules 101
PSO users 282
PSOs 271
tracing 340
display panes for rules, BPE 320
display type of rules, changing 325
display views, BPE
additional 304
diagram 304
graphical 304
overview 303
property 305
tree 303, 320
display views, Identity Manager IDE
checking out 42
Design view 14, 15, 16, 21
Files 14
overview 7
Runtime 14
Source Editor view 14, 17, 18, 21
distinguished name, setting 201
downloading objects 43
DTDs
schema catalogs 14
validating against 18
waveset.dtd 2, 14, 63, 331
E
editing
expressions 55
object properties 51
variables 339
XML 53, 63
editor options, BPE 307
Editor window 61
Design view 14, 15
icons/buttons 62
Source Editor view 14, 17
toolbars 14
394
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Element dialog 336
elements
<Rule> 139
adding 13, 21, 54, 56
auto-completion 2, 63
changing expression type 55
creating 336
drag/drop into objects 20
execution order 69
Includes 57
list 119
moving 54
priority 120
properties sheets 21
reordering 13, 21
resources 120
severity 120
viewing XML 44
violation 120
wrapping 54
XML object 11
email
notification 345
template, creating 345
email account attributes 190
email template objects 41
emailAddress attributes 284
embedded repository
creating 30
managing 40
enableUser request 261
enabling
accounts 213
auto-completion 63
breakpoints 23
debugger tutorial 78
debugging 361
diffing options 58
Identity Manager IDE Debugger 66
JDIC 300
localScope attribute 149
methods 265
Pass-Through Authentication 218
PSO users 282
PSOs 271
setTrace method 265
Section F
SOAP tracing 293
syntax highlighting 2
trace 230
tracing 225, 340
encrypted passwords 244
errors, troubleshooting 102
examples
debugging a workflow and a rule 367
debugging a workflow containing a manual
action and a form 86, 376
debugging the tabbed user form and refresh
view 91, 362
debugging workflows and rules 79
Local Scope option 148
login configuration 196
object type definitions 202
rule call syntax 145
rules 106, 108, 110, 134
SPML 266
Windows NT object resource attribute
declarations 196
ExampleTableResourceAdapter.java file 179
excluded resource accounts rule subtype 133
excluding
auto-generated repository IDs 58
lastModDate modifications 58
executing
Actions 77
batch requests 280
execution stack
Before/After Refresh View 363
debugging forms 385
description/purpose 24, 355
Execution Stack Panel 369
Execution Stack View 379
stepping 70, 360
workflow execution 367
expansion
BPE debugger 381, 385
Identity Manager IDE debugger 89
Explore option 9
Explorer window
Files view 14
Projects view 10
Runtime view 14
Expression Builder
Design view for rules 15
editing options 54
example dialog 53
opening 52
using 53
expression types 55
expressions
<Derivation> 249, 255, 379, 385
<Expansion> 249
adding 54
changing type 55
editing 53, 55
moving 54
working with 54
wrapping 54
extended attributes 250
extended requests 260
Extended Schema attributes 192, 200
ExtendedRequest classes 259
F
features
account 212
general 212
getFeatures() method 212
group 214
organizational unit 214
file system overview 14
file-based accounts adapter files 179
files
*-target.properties 38, 49, 59
ide-bundle.zip 28
Identity Manager IDE Compatibility Bundle 28,
33
idm.war 9, 28, 29, 40
importing 40
jar 4, 28
readme 14, 31, 178
war 38, 40
Files window 14
Find option 13
Index
395
Section G
find requests 228
firewalls 233
firstname attributes 190, 284
fixed values, returning in rules 139
flat namespaces 194
form objects
description/purpose 41
designating 184
in SPML forms 241
SPML forms 247
form tester
configuring and launching 72
debugging forms 23
Test Form option 23
forms
assigning 207
debugging 23, 65, 71, 72, 351, 385
referencing 228, 248
syntax 57
testing 23, 72
using rules in 107
validation errors 229
wrapper 93
fullname attributes 190
functions, calling 54, 144, 337
G
generating HTML
root component 88
subcomponents 88
generic objects 41, 49, 313, 314, 316, 317
getFeatures() methods 212, 218
getFirstName thread 82, 372
getLastName thread 83, 373
global breakpoints 357
graphical display type 326
graphical view, BPE 304
396
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
H
header information, adapter source code 183
hierarchical namespaces 194
HTML generation
root component 88
subcomponents 88
HTML generation, BPE debugger 380, 386
HTTP monitor, turning off 94
HTTP requests 231, 233
I
IAPI classes 222
IAPI objects 171, 222
IAPIFactory.getIAPI methods 171, 222
IAPIProcess 156, 174, 222
IAPIUser 156, 174, 222
ide-bundle.zip 28
Identity Application Programming Interface
(IAPI) 171
Identity Differences tab 59
Identity Manager
accessing catalog 14
account attributes. See account attributes
Active Sync tasks and processes 156
Administrator capability 66
and BPE 295
and Identity Manager IDE 1
attributes 167
interactive edits tasks and processes 157
jar files 4, 28
load operation tasks and processes 158
logging in 72
managing multiple versions 28
miscellaneous variable contexts 164
processes or objects, loading with BPE 305
reconciliation rules tasks and processes 160
repository 222
rules 105
server, connecting to 256
SPML tasks and processes 162
standard account attributes 190
Section J
user, identifying 172
variable name spaces 155
web services 269
X.509 integration processes 163
Identity Manager IDE
Compatibility Bundle file location 28, 33
configuring 3
creating a new object 49
Debugger. See Debugger, Identity Manager IDE
disabling Debugger 99
display views 7
editing rules 142
installing 3, 5
keyboard shortcuts 25
NetBeans plug-in file 5
overview 2
pop-up menu options 13
running Debugger outside of test
environment 100
stopping Debugger 99
terms and definitions 70
troubleshooting 102
uninstalling 101
using 1–102
Identity Manager Integrated Development
Environment. See Identity Manager IDE
Identity Manager Project 26, 27, 28
Identity Manager Project (Remote) 9, 26, 28, 40
Identity Manager Web Services. See Web Services
identity template 183, 184, 185, 193, 195
IdM menu 8
idm.war 9, 28, 29, 40
importing
debugger-tutorial-workflow1.xml 78
init.xml 31
init.xml file 40
Include elements 57
init() method 220
init.xml, importing 31
initializing an adapter 220
Input tab pane 322
Insert options 13
inserting invoke statements 19, 63
installing
custom adapters 223
REF Kit 180
unsigned modules 6
instance references, specifying 19
interactive edits 157
Internationalization, managing 13
invoke actions 336
invoke statements
inserting 19, 63
syntax 313
J
jar files
configuring MySQL repository 32
Identity Manager 4, 28
removing 4
Tomcat requirements 4
Java
calling 56
calling classes 20, 56
calling code 95
calling methods 333, 338
class model for SPML messages 257
classes 210
creating custom 95, 96
creating new objects 338
debugging 94, 98
defining resource attributes 186
header information 182, 183
invoking methods/classes 338
methods, calling static 19
objects, calling instance methods 19
resource adapters 168, 179
test programs 225
threads 77, 367
using OpenSPML Toolkit to send/receive
SPML 257
JAVA_HOME 180, 296
JavaDocs
accessing 19, 312
classes 313
inserting a method reference 313
Index
397
Section K
on product CD 177, 178
viewing 20, 55
JavaScript
calling 20, 56
debugging 333, 339
retrieving variable values 146
wrapping 144
writing rules in 106, 144
JDIC, enabling 300
JDK requirements 4
jms.jar 4
K
keyboard shortcuts
BPE 311
Identity Manager IDE 25
L
Last Result area 24, 356
Last Result Not Available area 356
lastModDate modifications, excluding 58
lastname attributes 190, 284
Launch Forms task 164
launchProcess request 262
LDAP accounts adapter files 179
LDAP-based resource objects 203
lh commands, executing 9
libraries
deleting rules 58
rule 111, 342, 343, 344
Library objects 41, 111, 342
library rules, testing 76
list elements 119
list method 216
listResourceObjects request 262
load from file 158
load from resource 158
load operations tasks and processes 158
398
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
loading a rule 340
Local Scope option 148
Local Variables window 24, 80, 98
Local view 61
localScope attribute 149
localScope option 149
locked arguments 151
logging into Identity Manager 72
logging SPML traffic 265, 292
login configuration 184, 185, 195, 196
login correlation rule 163
M
mail.jar 4
Main tab 329
Manage Embedded Repository option/dialog 9, 30,
38, 39, 40, 48, 102
managing
attributes 206
CVS versioned-controlled files 13
embedded repositories 9, 30, 38, 39, 40, 48, 102
groups and organizations 185
Internationalization 13
multiple Identity Manager versions 28
resources 166, 168, 169, 170, 186
manual actions 86, 110, 157, 376
map, schema. See schema map
mapping, resource attributes 200
menu, IdM 8
MetaView objects 42, 306
method reference, inserting 313
methods
calling 96, 209, 210, 220, 333
calling instance 19
calling static Java 19
enabling setTrace 265
getFeatures() 212
IAPIFactory.getIAPI 171, 222
specifying names 19
startConnection 210
stopConnection 210
Section N
methods, adapter
Active Sync-specific 219
checking connections and operations 210
connecting with resource 210
creating an account on a resource 215
creating the prototype resource 210
defining features 212
deleting accounts on a resource 215
enabling and disabling accounts 217
enabling pass-through authentication 218
getting user information 216
initializing and scheduling the adapter 220
list methods 216
overview 184
polling the resource 220
standard resource adapter-specific 209
storing and retrieving adapter attributes 222
updating accounts on the resource 215
updating the Identity Manager repository 222
writing, overview 209
miscellaneous variable contexts 164
modify requests, processing 254
modules
disabling 101
installing unsigned 6
uninstalling Identity Manager IDE 101
Move Down option 13
Move Up/Down options 13
moving
*-target.properties files 49
BPE toolbox 308
cursor insertion point 18
expression elements 54
object nodes 13
objects 10
mysqljdbc.jar 32
MySQLResourceAdapter.java file 179
N
namespaces 155, 194
naming rules library 136
native disable utilities 218
NetBeans
applying actions to embedded application
server 37
Identity Manager IDE plug-in file 5
turning off HTTP monitor 94
user interface 7
version requirements 3, 4
New Rule dialog 332
new user name rule 163
O
Object Access dialogs 338
object attributes 206
object classes 162, 201, 203, 241, 258, 264, 314
object features 204
object IDs, removing 47
object nodes
changing order in Project tree 11
moving 13
object references
opening 46
types 46
object types 44, 201
objectclass attributes 255, 284
ObjectGroup class 314
ObjectRef class 314
objects
adding elements 56
automatically publishing to repository 40
configuration 51, 314
creating 49, 317
deleting 58
diffing 58, 59, 61
downloading 43
editing properties 51
generic 51, 314
Library 111, 342
loading 305
moving 10
opening 44
persistent 314
publishing automatically 31
Index
399
Section P
reloading 47, 61
resource. See resource objects
Rule 111, 342
supported types 41
system configuration 361
uploading 48, 61
XML Configuration 111, 342
Open Object option 9
opening
object references 46
objects 44
projects 35
OpenSPML Toolkit
architecture 294
provided classes 258
using bundled 240, 257
openspmlRouter servlet 290
operation parameter 134
Options option 10
Output window 22, 73
output, trace 265, 292
P
Palette window
description 20
dragging to Source Editor 19
pass-through authentication 185, 195, 218, 231
password attributes 190
Password capabilities 280
passwords, encrypted 244
pattern substitution 49, 59
periodic access review rules 114
persistent objects
common classes 314
model 313
PersistentObject class 314
Person object class 162
plug-in file, Identity Manager IDE 5
poll() method 220
polling a resource 220
polling scenarios 221
400
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
Populate Global 173
pop-up menu options 13
predefined rules 121
priority elements 120
process attributes 262
process rule 172
processes
Active Sync 156
interactive edits 157
load operation 158
loading 305
miscellaneous variable contexts 164
reconciliation rules 160
SPML 162
X.509 integration 163
projects
creating 27
creating remote 33
debugging 13, 22, 23, 26, 28, 38, 65
description/purpose 26
file system overview 14
opening 35
upgrading 3, 4
Projects window 11
properties 230
argument 329
authentication 195, 229
certification 163
editing 14, 15
object 51
PersistentObject 314
soap.epassword 243
soap.password 243
waveset.properties 178, 241, 242
Properties option 13
properties sheets
display types 326
features 52
viewing 21, 44
Properties Window 21, 51, 53, 56
property view, BPE 305
prototype resource, creating 210
Section R
prototypeXML
description/purpose 182, 185
resource type 183
standard resource adapter issues 192
proxy servers 233
proxy user 243
PSO users
disabling 282
enabling 282
PSOs
disabling 271
enabling 271
R
readme files
Identity Manager IDE 14, 31
Ref Kit 178
reconciliation rules 160
REF Kit
files/directories
installing 180
location
sample adapter files 178
sample files 179
skeleton files 179
SPE 240, 258
Refactor option 13
Reference capability 283
reference validation 141
references
adding 54, 57
changing 55
opening object 46
Reference capability 283
specifying instance 19
types 46
validating 141
referencing
arguments 149
forms 228, 248
rules 144
secure rules 153
variables 140, 144, 148
Refresh View, debugging 91, 362
regional constant rules library 137
registering, waveset.dtd 63
Reload Object option 9
reloading objects 47, 61
remediation requests 123
remote projects, creating 33
Remote view 61
removing
auto-generated repository IDs 10
object IDs 47
reordering objects 13, 21
repository
automatically publishing objects 31, 40
configuring manually 32
connection information 297
creating embedded 30
downloading objects 43
excluding auto-generated IDs 58
initializing 40
managing an embedded 40
opening object references 46
opening objects 44
reloading objects 47
rule information 330
saving changes to 309
settings 40
specifying location 40
SPML configuration 241
updating 222
uploading objects 48
using an existing 30
Repository option 13
Repository tab 330
request threads 66, 67
requests
Add 246
API 153
approval 110
asynchronous SPML 241, 247, 252
attestation 116, 117
canceling 279
changeUserPassword 261
create 204
Index
401
Section R
deletion 173
disableUser 260
enableUser 261
executing 280
find 228
HTTP 231, 233
launching 157
launchProcess 262
listResourceObjects 262
remediation 123
resetUser 261
returning status 279
runForm 263, 264
Search 246, 247, 250
service provisioning 240, 270
SOAP 153
SPML 242, 254, 290
SPML extended 260
SPML RPC 265, 292
update 204
requirements
access level 4
jar files 4
JDK 4
NetBeans version 3, 4
resetUser request 261
resolve process rule 173
resource
adapters. See adapters
attributes
Active Sync-specific 188
defining 186
mapping to account attributes 200
overview 183, 184, 185, 186
overwriting 187
required 188
connecting with 210
creating account on 215
forms 207
instance, creating 210
methods. See methods, adapter
objects 166
attributes 206
classes 203
features 204
LDAP-based 203
non-LDAP-based 203
402
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
testing in Identity Manager 228
types 201
viewing 229
schema map. See schema map
user form 184
XML definition 183
resource adapter classes 166, 167
Resource Adapter Wizard 179
resource attributes
defining 186
mapping account attributes 200
mapping Extended Schema attributes 200
mapping to account attributes 199
Resource Extension Facility kit. See REF kit
ResourceAdapterBase class 168, 212
resources elements 120
resources, managing 166, 168, 169, 170, 186
Result tab pane 323
roles, using rules in 108
Rule objects 14, 42, 111, 342
Rule Source pane, BPE 321
rule tester
debugging rules 23
Test Rule option 23
Rule Tester Inputs window 74, 76, 97
Rule Tester Output window 75, 76, 98
rules
Active Sync 112
adding to library 344
alphanumeric 113
argument declarations 149
argument resolution 146
arguments 333
Auditor 114
BPE Rule source pane 321
browsing 327
calculating allowedValues display property 107
calculating the name dynamically 109
call syntax 145
calling 85, 107–153, 330, 342
changing display type 325
controlling field visibility 107
Correlation 173
creating 332
creating to call Java code 95
Section S
debugging 23, 65, 79, 351, 367
default 112
defining elements 333
definition 106
deleting from libraries 58
dialogs 324
editing 340
editing elements 325
editing XML for 331
example 106
excluded resource accounts 133
fixed values 139
in forms 107
in roles 108
in workflows 110
libraries 111, 342, 343
loading 340
locked arguments 151
naming library 136
opening in Design view 15
overview 105
periodic access review 114
predefined 121
process 172
reconciliation, tasks and processes 160
referencing 144
referencing secure 153
referencing variables 140
regional constants 137
reviewing summary details 328
securing 153
syntax 139
testing 23, 74
understanding 138
updating 340
using arguments 141
using Expression Builder 15
validating changes 342
with side effects 142
writing 106
writing in JavaScript 144
Run LH command option 9
runForm requests 263, 264
Runtime window 14, 94
S
saving changes, BPE 309
scenarios, polling 221
scheduling an adapter 220
scheduling parameters 221
schema catalogs 14
schema map 190, 191, 200
schemas attribute 247
Search capability 283
Search requests 246, 247, 250, 255
securing rules 153
servers
assigning private copies 66
configuring Identity Manager 241, 243
connection settings 34
debugging external 28
dictionary 236
errors 102
jar requirements 4
NetBeans embedded application 27
starting/stopping application 39
Tomcat 103
using embedded 37
using external 37
working with debuggers 99
working with different versions 33
working with proxy 233
Service Provisioning Markup Language. See SPML
service provisioning requests 240, 270
servlets
declarations 253
openspmlRouter 290
session token 243
Set Identity Manager Instance 10, 36, 49
setTrace method, enabling 265
severity elements 120
side effects, rules with 142
Simple expression types 55
skeleton files, adapter
editing 199
login configuration 196
overview 179, 181
Index
403
Section S
SOAP
accessing Identity Manager Web Services 240
requests 153
servlet declarations 253
support 34
tracing 293
Solaris
patches xxii
support xxii
source code for adapters 182
Source Editor view
description 17, 21
dragging from Palette window 19
inserting invoke statements 19
opening 17
setting breakpoints 19
toolbar buttons 18
Sources area, BPE debugger 355
sources, anonymous 71
SPE REF Kit 240, 258
specifying
class names 19
instance references 19
method names 19
SPML
browser 256
capabilities 271, 273
configuration objects 241, 285
default configuration 245
deployment descriptor 253
developing applications 257
editing configuration objects 244
editing properties 243
extended attributes object 250
forms 241, 247
overview 241
sample adapter 294
SPMLPerson object 247
SpmlRequest object 252
tasks and processes 162
tracing messages 265, 292
troubleshooting 257
UserUIConfig object 251
waveset.properties 242
SPML examples 266
404
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
SPML requests
Add 254
asynchronous 241, 247, 252
authorizing 242
modify 254
opensplmRouter servlet 290
processing 254
RPC 265, 292
search 255
spml.xml file 241, 252
SSL
enabling for BPE 302
using for Identity Manager IDE 34
using for SPE SPML 243
using for SPML 281
using in Web Services 243
stack trace 24, 355
standalone rules, testing 76
standard adapters 168
See also adapters
startConnection methods 210
starting
BPE 296
BPE tutorial 361
debugger 67, 361
execution 81, 370
form tester 72
Identity Manager tutorial 78
Macro Recording 18
states, virtual thread 77
step out 70, 360
step over 70, 359
step-into 70, 359
stepping through 69, 93, 359, 364
stopConnection methods 210
stopping
Macro Recording 18
Sun Java System Identity Manager. See Identity
Manager
Sun Resource Extension Facility Kit. See REF Kit.
support
SOAP connections 34
Solaris xxii
Suspend capabilities 282
Swing 295
Section T
syntax
<rule> 139, 145
account name 183
highlighting 2, 9
invoke statements 313
mapping attributes 200
typing form names 57
view path 158
XML Object language 139
system configuration object 361
T
Tabbed User Form, debugging 91, 362
tags, XPRESS 24
targets, setting CBE 38
taskName attributes 262
tasks
Active Sync 156
interactive edits 157
load operations 158
miscellaneous variable contexts 164
reconciliation rules 160
SPML 162
X.509 integration 163
Test Form option 10, 23
Test Rule option 10, 23
testing
adapters 225
custom adapters 224
forms 23
resource object in Identity Manager 228
rules 23, 74
threads
Java 77, 367
request 66, 67
suspended by debugger 66
virtual 77
Tomcat, Apache 4, 103
toolbars
Design view 16
Editor window 14
Source Editor view 18
Tools option 13
Trace tab pane 323
tracing
disabling 340
enabling 230, 293, 340
enabling for SPML 265, 292
output diagnostics 55
SPML messages 265, 292
testing custom adapters 225
using BPE Diagnostics dialogs 339
XPRESS 323
tree view 303, 320
troubleshooting
forms 72
Identity Manager IDE 102
XML source 23
tutorials
debugger-tutorial.xml 361
debugger-tutorial-workflow1.xml 78
debugger-tutorial-workflow2.xml 78
enabling 78
importing 78
Type class 314
U
uninstalling Identity Manager IDE 101
UNIX accounts adapter files 179
unsigned modules, installing 6
update requests 204
Updates capability 283
updating accounts on a resource 215
upgrading projects 3, 4
Upload Objects option 9
uploading objects 48, 61
URLs, how Identity Manager uses 233
user attributes
defined by resource objects 167
retrieving 216
user identity template. See identity template
User Members Rule 164
user names 193
Index
405
Section V
UserUIConfig object 251
utilities, native disable 218
V
validating
references 141
rule changes 342
XML 16, 65
validation
BPE debugger 381, 386
Identity Manager IDE debugger 89
variable contexts, miscellaneous 164
variable namespaces 155
variables
defining values 339
editing 339
referencing 140, 144, 148
referencing in rules 140
retrieving values 146
types 24
Variables area 24, 356
Variables not available area 24, 356
version requirements 3, 4
view path syntax 158
viewing
connection settings 37
JavaDoc 55
views
Design view 14, 15, 16, 21
Files 14
Runtime 14
Source Editor view 14, 17, 18, 21
violation elements 120
virtual threads 77
406
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
W
war files 38, 40
watches
adding 83
description 25, 69
using 69
Watches window
launching 25, 83
purpose 25
waveset.dtd
accessing 14
description/purpose 2
registering 63
validating rule XML against 331
viewing 14
waveset.properties 178, 223, 233, 241, 242, 275
web browsers
JDIC 300
preferred 300
Web Services
accessing 240
SPML 1.0 239
SPML 2.0 269
web.xml 290
windows, Identity Manager IDE 10–25, 61
workflow actions 148
workflow library 16, 19, 21
workflow process objects 42
workflow subprocess objects 42
workflows
debugging 65, 77, 78, 79, 86, 351, 367, 376
execution model 367
opening in Design view 16
sample customization 344, 345
using rules in 110
validating revisions 308
WorkItems 157
workspace
creating 298
selecting 300
specifying 297
wrapper forms 93
Section X
wrapping
elements 54
JavaScript 144
WSHOME 180, 225, 226, 296, 297, 299, 302
X
X.509 integration 163
XML
auto-completion 63
Configuration object 111, 342
display type 325
displaying in BPE debugger 353, 355
displaying in Identity Manager IDE debugger 17,
63
editing 53, 63, 331
identifying and correcting malformed 64
inserting a method reference 313
object type 335
resource definition. See prototypeXML.
rule elements 333
rules 139
schema catalogs 14
text file, saving object or process as 309
using properties sheets 21
validating 16, 65
XML Object language
syntax 139
writing rules in 106
XML objects
adding 54
annotated export 285
changing 55
description 335
viewing 11
XML tab 331
XMLResourceAdapter.java file 179
XPRESS
<ref> expressions 146
<rule> expressions 144, 145, 343
calling rules 107, 145
categories 19, 63
debugging 94, 98
defining rule elements 333
end tags 24
expression types 54
functions 336
inserting XML template for with BPE 310
operations 24
referencing rules in libraries 144
retrieving variable values 146
statements 333
tracing 323
writing rules in 106, 139, 141, 142, 145
Index
407
Section X
408
Identity Manager 7.1 • Deployment Tools
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