InStallatIon InStructIonS
Split system heat pump
13 SEER, Single & 3-Phase Models
Installation Instructions
T4BD - 018, 024, 030, 036, 042, 048, & 060 (1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5, 4, & 5 Ton) Series
Important Safety Information.................. 2
Heat pump Installation................................. 3
General Information........................................................ 3
Before You Install this Unit.............................................. 3
Locating the Heat Pump................................................. 3
Packaging Removal........................................................ 3
Ground Level................................................................... 3
Rooftop........................................................................... 3
Connecting Refrigerant Tubing Between the
Indoor & Outdoor Unit..................................................... 4
Outdoor Orifice Removal & Installation........................... 4
Electrical Wiring............................................ 5
Pre - Electrical Checklist................................................. 5
Line Voltage.................................................................... 5
Comfort AlertTM Diagnostics Module............................... 6
24VAC Power Wiring............................................ 6
Thermostat Demand Wiring................................. 6
Interpreting the Diagnostic LED’s........................ 6
LED Description................................................... 6
Blower Time Delay Relay................................................ 7
Thermostat / Low Voltage Connections.......................... 7
Reverse Rotation Verification.......................................... 7
Unbalanced 3-Phase Supply Voltage.............................. 8
Grounding....................................................................... 8
Startup & Adjustments................................ 8
Pre - Start Checklist........................................................ 8
Start-up Procedures........................................................ 8
Air Circulation - Indoor Blower........................................ 8
Short Cycle Protection Cooling....................................... 9
System Cooling............................................................... 9
System Heating............................................................... 9
Defrost Cycle Timer........................................................ 9
Defrost Control Board..................................................... 9
Operational Information....................................... 9
Normal Defrost Operation.................................... 9
Defrost Test Procedure...................................... 10
Anti Short Cycle Timer Test................................. 10
Refrigerant Charging............................................ 10
Charging the Unit in AC Mode with
Outdoor Temperatures Above 55В° F.................... 10
Heat pump Maintenance.............................. 10
Component Functions................................. 11
Charging Tables - Cooling Mode............ 11
Table 3. Charging Table for 1.5 Ton Units........... 12
Table 4. Charging Table for 2 Ton Units.............. 12
Table 5. Charging Table for 2.5 Ton Units........... 12
Table 6. Charging Table for 3 Ton Units.............. 13
Table 7. Charging Table for 3.5 Ton Units........... 13
Table 8. Charging Table for 4 Ton Units.............. 13
Table 9. Charging Table for 5 Ton Units.............. 14
Charging Charts - Cooling Mode........... 14
Figure 6. Charging Chart for 1.5 Ton Units......... 14
Figure 7. Charging Chart for 2 Ton Units............ 15
Figure 8. Charging Chart for 2.5 Ton Units......... 15
Figure 9. Charging Chart for 3 Ton Units............ 16
Figure 10. Charging Chart for 3.5 Ton Units....... 16
Figure 11. Charging Chart for 4 Ton Units.......... 17
Figure 12. Charging Chart for 5 Ton Units.......... 17
Charging Tables - Heating Mode............. 18
Table 10. Charging Table for 1.5 Ton Units......... 19
Table 11. Charging Table for 2 Ton Units............ 19
Table 12. Charging Table for 2.5 Ton Units......... 19
Table 13. Charging Table for 3 Ton Units............ 20
Table 14. Charging Table for 3.5 Ton Units......... 20
Table 15. Charging Table for 4 Ton Units............ 20
Table 16. Charging Table for 5 Ton Units............ 21
Electrical Diagrams & Tables................. 22
Figure 13. W.D., Single Phase........................... 22
Figure 14. W.D., Single Ph. w/ Comfort Alert..... 23
Figure 15. W.D., 3-Phase, (208/230V)............... 24
Figure 16. W.D., 3-Phase, (460V)...................... 25
Table 17. Comfort Alert LED Diagnostics........... 26
Table 18. Module Wiring Troubleshooting........... 27
INSTALL. / PERFORMANCE CHECKLIST.......... 28
Replacement Parts....................................... 28
IMPORTANT
ATTENTION INSTALLERS:
It is your responsibility to know this product better than your customer. This includes being able to install the product
according to strict safety guidelines and instructing the customer on how to operate and maintain the equipment for
the life of the product. Safety should always be the deciding factor when installing this product and using common
sense plays an important role as well. Pay attention to all safety warnings and any other special notes highlighted
in the manual. Improper installation of the furnace or failure to follow safety warnings could result in serious injury,
death, or property damage.
These instructions are primarily intended to assist qualified individuals experienced in the proper installation of
this appliance. Some local codes require licensed installation/service personnel for this type of equipment. Please
read all instructions carefully before starting the installation. Return these instructions to the customer’s package
for future reference.
DO NOT DESTROY. PLEASE READ CAREFULLY AND KEEP IN A SAFE PLACE FOR FUTURE REFERENCE.
important SAFETY INFORMATION
INSTALLER: Please read all instructions before servicing
this equipment. Pay attention to all safety warnings and
any other special notes highlighted in the manual. Safety
markings are used frequently throughout this manual to
designate a degree or level of seriousness and should not
be ignored. WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous
situation that if not avoided, could result in personal injury
or death. CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous
situation that if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate
injury or property damage.
WARNING:
ELECTRICAL SHOCK, FIRE OR EXPLOSION
HAZARD
Failure to follow safety warnings exactly could
result in serious injury or property damage.
Improper servicing could result in dangerous
operation, serious injury, death or property
damage.
• Before servicing, disconnect all electrical
power to the indoor blower.
• When servicing controls, label all wires prior
to disconnecting. Reconnect wires correctly.
• Verify proper operation after servicing.
WARNING:
T4BD Split System Heat Pumps are shipped
charged with R410A refrigerant and ready
for installation. If repairs make it necessary
for evacuation and charging, it should only
be attempted by qualified trained personnel
thoroughly familiar with this equipment. Under
no circumstances should the owner attempt to
install and/or service this equipment. Failure to
comply with this warning could result in property
damage, personal injury, or death.
CAUTION:
This unit uses R-410A refrigerant. DO NOT use
any other refrigerant in this unit. Use of another
refrigerant will damage the unit.
2
WARNING:
Unless noted otherwise in these instructions,
only factory authorized parts or accessory
kits may be used with this product. Improper
installation, service, adjustment, or maintenance
may cause explosion, fire, electrical shock or
other hazardous conditions which may result
in personal injury or property damage.
• Installation of equipment may require brazing
operations. Installer must comply with safety codes
and wear appropriate safety equipment (safety glasses,
work gloves, fire extinguisher, etc.) when performing
brazing operations.
• Follow all precautions in the literature, on tags, and
on labels provided with the equipment. Read and
thoroughly understand the instructions provided with
the equipment prior to performing the installation and
operational checkout of the equipment.
• Use caution when handling this appliance or removing
components. Personal injury can occur from sharp
metal edges present in all sheet metal constructed
equipment.
WARNING:
The information listed below and the next page
must be followed during the installation, service,
and operation of this furnace. Failure to follow
safety recommendations could result in possible
damage to the equipment, serious personal
injury or death.
• The installer must comply with all local codes and
regulations which govern the installation of this type
of equipment. Local codes and regulations take
precedence over any recommendations contained in
these instructions. Consult local building codes and
the National Electrical Code (ANSI CI) for special
installation requirements.
• All electrical wiring must be completed in accordance
with local, state and national codes and regulations
and with the National Electric Code (ANSI/NFPA 70)
or in Canada the Canadian Electric Code Part 1 CSA
C.22.1.
• This equipment contains liquid and gaseous refrigerant
under high pressure. DO NOT USE ANY PORTION OF
THE CHARGE FOR PURGING OR LEAK TESTING.
Installation or servicing should only be performed by
qualified trained personnel thoroughly familiar with this
type equipment.
• Fully annealed, refrigerant grade copper tubing should
be used when installing the system. Refrigerant suction
line tubing should be fully insulated.
• This unit is designed for outdoor installations only and
should be positioned as described on page 3.
HEAT PUMP INSTallATION
General Information
Split system heat pumps are designed only for outdoor
rooftop or ground level installations. This unit has been
tested for capacity and efficiency in accordance with
AHRI Standards and will provide many years of safe
and dependable comfort, providing it is properly installed
and maintained. Abuse, improper use, and/or improper
maintenance can shorten the life of the appliance and
create unsafe hazards.
To achieve optimum performance and minimize equipment
failure, it is recommended that periodic maintenance be
performed on this unit. The ability to properly perform
maintenance on this equipment requires certain
mechanical skills and tools.
Before You Install the Heat Pump
в€љ The cooling load of the area to be conditioned must be
calculated and a system of the proper capacity selected.
It is recommended that the area to be conditioned be
completely insulated and vapor sealed.
в€љ Check the electrical supply and verify the power supply
is adequate for unit operation.The system must be wired
and provided with circuit protection in accordance with
local building codes. If there is any question concerning
the power supply, contact the local power company.
в€љ The indoor section (air handler, furnace, etc) should be
installed before routing the refrigerant tubing. Refer to
the indoor unit's installation instructions for installation
details.
в€љ All units are securely packed at the time of shipment and
upon arrival should be carefully inspected for damage
prior to installing the equipment at the job site. Verify
coil fins are straight. If necessary, comb fins to remove
flattened or bent fins. Claims for damage (apparent or
concealed) should be filed immediately with the carrier.
в€љ Please consult your dealer for maintenance information
and availability of maintenance contracts. Please read
all instructions before installing the unit.
Locating the Heat Pump
• Survey the job site to determine the best location for
mounting the outdoor unit.
• Overhead obstructions (Figure 1), poorly ventilated
areas, and areas subject to accumulation of debris
should be avoided.
• Sufficient clearance for unobstructed airflow through the
outdoor coil must be maintained in order to achieve rated
performance. See Figure 1 for minimum clearances to
obstructions.
• Consideration should be given to availability of electric
power, service access, noise, and shade.
Packaging Removal
To prevent damage to the tubing onnections, carefully
remove the carton and user’s manual from the equipment.
Discard the shipping carton.
Ground Level
Ground level installations must be located according to
local building codes or ordinances and these requirements:
• Clearances must be in accordance with those shown
in Figure 1.
• A suitable mounting pad must be provided and be
separate from the building foundation. The pad must
be level and strong enough to support the unit’s weight.
The slab height must be a minimum of 2” (5 cm) above
grade and with adequate drainage. See Figure 1.
Rooftop
• The method of mounting should be designed so that it
does not overload roof structures or transmit noise to
the interior of the structure.The roof must be structurally
capable of handling the weight of the unit.
• Full perimeter support is required under the unit.
Support must be made of weather resistant materials
and installed prior to unit installation.
• The support must be built to raise the unit 6" above the
roof.
6” from Building
or Structure
24" for
Service Access
12" or 18”
See Note
DO NOT
OBSTRUCT
TOP OF UNIT
12" or 18”
See Note
NOTE: Units require full perimeter clearances.
Installer must maintain 18” between two units
or 12” between single unit and structure.
48”
2” Mounting Pad
Figure 1. Clearance Requirements
3
Connecting Refrigerant Tubing Between
the Indoor & Outdoor Unit
CAUTION:
When servicing, cover or seal openings to
minimize the exposure of the refrigerant system
to air to prevent accumulation of moisture and
other contaminants.
After outdoor and indoor unit placement has been
determined, route refrigerant tubing between the
equipment in accordance with sound installation practices.
• When connecting refrigerant linesets together, it is
recommended that dry nitrogen be flowing through the
joints during brazing.This will prevent internal oxidation
and scaling from occurring.
• Refrigerant tubing should be routed in a manner that
minimizes the length of tubing and the number of bends
in the tubing.
• Refrigerant tubing should be supported in a manner
that the tubing will not vibrate or abrade during system
operation.
• Tubing should be kept clean of foreign debris during
installation.
• Every effort should be made by the installer to ensure
that the field installed refrigerant containing components
of the system have been installed in accordance with
these instructions and sound installation practices to
insure reliable system operation and longevity.
• The maximum recommended interconnecting
refrigerant line length is 75 feet, and the vertical elevation
difference between the indoor and outdoor sections
should not exceed 20 feet.
• If precise forming of refrigerant lines is required, a
copper tubing bender is recommended. Avoid sharp
bends and contact of the refrigerant lines with metal
surfaces.
• A filter dryer is provided with the unit and must be
installed in the liquid line of the system. If the installation
replaces a system with a filter dryer already present
COPPER WIRE SIZE — AWG
(1% Voltage Drop)
Supply Wire Length-Feet
200
150
100
50
Supply Circuit
Ampacity
6
4
4
4
3
3
2
2
2
1
8
6
6
4
4
4
3
3
3
2
10
8
8
6
6
6
4
4
4
3
14
12
10
10
8
8
6
6
6
4
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
Wire Size based on N.E.C. for 60В° type copper conductors.
Table 1. Copper Wire Size
4
in the liquid line, the filter dryer must be replaced with
the one supplied with the unit. The filter dryer must be
installed in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s
installation instructions.
• Optional equipment such as liquid line solenoid valves,
low ambient, etc., should be installed in strict accordance
with the manufacturer’s installation instructions.
Outdoor Orifice Removal & Installation
The orifice installed in the outdoor unit has been sized
for use with the most popularly matched indoor units.
Depending on the indoor coil that the unit is being matched
with, the outdoor restrictor may need to be changed. Please
refer to the Quick Reference Data sheet that is supplied
with the outdoor unit for more information.
If the outdoor unit has the liquid valve shown in Figure 2
(page 5) then the restrictor is located inside the swivel nut
connection of the liquid valve and not inside the outdoor
unit’s distributor. Perform steps 1 - 5 if the outdoor restrictor
needs to be changed.
CAUTION:
When servicing, cover or seal openings to
minimize the exposure of the refrigerant system
to air to prevent accumulation of moisture and
other contaminants.
CAUTION:
To prevent damage to the unit or internal
components, it is recommended that two
wrenches be used when loosening or tightening
nuts. Do not over tighten!
1.Using two wrenches loosen the nut and liquid valve. Turn the assembly nut counter-clockwise until the orifice
body halves are separated.
2.Insert a light-gauge wire hook between the valve body
and the restrictor orifice (Figure 3, page 5) while being
careful not to scratch either part. Carefully remove the
restrictor orifice from the valve body.
3.Check the actual size of the new orifice. NOTE: The
size is stamped on its side. Do not use pin gauges to
measure the orifice diameter.
4.Insert the new orifice into the valve body, with the
rounded end facing into the valve. See Figure 2.
CAUTION:
To prevent damage to the unit or internal
components, it is recommended that two
wrenches be used when loosening or tightening
nuts. Do not over tighten!
5.Realign the assembly nut on the valve body and hand
tighten both components. Mark a line on both bodies and
then tighten an additional Вј turn using two wrenches.
The movement of the two lines will show how much the
nut is tightened.
ELECTRICAL WIRING
WARNING:
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal
injury, or death, disconnect all electrical power
to the unit before performing any maintenance
or service. The unit may have more than one
electrical supply.
Label all wires prior to disconnection when
servicing the unit. Wiring errors can cause
improper and dangerous operation
Liquid
Valve
Restrictor
Swivel Nut
Figure 2. Liquid Valve, Restrictor, &
Swivel Nut Adapter
• All electrical connections must be in compliance with
all applicable local codes and ordinances, and with the
current revision of the National Electric Code (ANSI/
NFPA 70).
• For Canadian installations the electrical connections
and grounding shall comply with the current Canadian
Electrical Code (CSA C22.1 and/or local codes).
Pre-Electrical Checklist
в€љ Verify that the voltage, frequency, and phase of the
supply source match the specifications on the unit
rating plate.
в€љ Verify that the service provided by the utility is sufficient
to handle the additional load imposed by this equipment.
Refer to the unit wiring label for proper high and low
voltage wiring.
в€љ Verify factory wiring is in accordance with the unit
wiring diagram (Figures 13-16, pages 22-25). Inspect
for loose connections.
в€љ Phase balance on 3 phase units must always be
checked. See Unbalanced 3-Phase Supply Voltage
section (page 8).
Line Voltage
Figure 3. Removal of Orifice
• A wiring diagram is located on the inside cover of the
electrical box of the outdoor unit. The installer should
become familiar with the wiring diagram before making
any electrical connections to the outdoor unit.
• An electrical disconnect must be located within
sight of and readily accessible to the unit. This
switch shall be capable of electrically de-energizing
the outdoor unit.
• Line voltage to the unit should be supplied from a
dedicated branch circuit containing the correct fuse
or circuit breaker for the unit. Incoming field wiring
and minimum size of electrical conductors and circuit
protection must be in compliance with information listed
on the outdoor unit data label. Any other wiring methods
must be acceptable to authority having jurisdiction.
• The outdoor unit requires both power and control circuit
electrical connections. Refer to the wiring diagrams for
identification and location of outdoor unit field wiring
interfaces. Make all electrical connections in accordance
with all applicable codes and ordinances.
5
• Overcurrent protection must be provided at the branch
circuit distribution panel and sized as shown on the unit
rating label and according to applicable local codes.
See the unit rating plate for minimum circuit ampacity
and maximum overcurrent protection limits.
• Provide power supply for the unit in accordance with the
unit wiring diagram, and the unit rating plate. Connect
the line-voltage leads to the terminals on the contactor
inside the control compartment.
• Use only copper wire for the line voltage power supply
to this unit as listed in Table 1 (page 4). Use proper
code agency listed conduit and a conduit connector
for connecting the supply wires to the unit. Use of rain
tight conduit is recommended.
• 208/230 Volt units are shipped from the factory wired
for 230 volt operation. For 208V operation, remove the
lead from the transformer terminal marked 240V and
connect it to the terminal marked 208V.
• Optional equipment requiring connection to the power
or control circuits must be wired in strict accordance
of the NEC (ANSI/NFPA 70), applicable local codes,
and the instructions provided with the equipment.
Comfort AlertTM Diagnostics Module
(Select Models Only)
The Comfort AlertTM Diagnostics Module (Figure 4) is a
breakthrough innovation for troubleshooting heat pump
and air conditioning system failures. The module installs
easily in the electrical box of the outdoor unit near the
compressor contactor. By monitoring and analyzing data
from the Copeland scroll compressor and the thermostat
demand, the module can accurately detect the cause of
electrical and system related failures without any sensors.
A flashing LED indicator communicates the ALERT code
and a diagnostic key is also imprinted on the side of the
module to quickly direct the technician to the root cause
of a problem. NOTE: This module does not provide safety
protection! The Comfort AlertTM Diagnostics Module is a
monitoring device and cannot control or shut down other
devices.
24 VAC Power Wiring
The Comfort AlertTM module requires a constant nominal
24 VAC power supply. The module cannot be powered by
the C terminal on a defrost board or other control board
without experiencing nuisance alerts. NOTE: The wiring
to the module’s R & C terminals must be routed directly
from the indoor unit or thermostat.
If the constant 24 VAC (R wire) is not present in the outdoor
unit, use one of the spare wires in the thermostat cable to
bring power to the module. Connect the other end of the
spare wire to R at the indoor unit or thermostat.
6
POWER LED
(Green)
Diagnostics
Key
ALERT LED
(Yellow)
TRIP LED
(Red)
Figure 4. Comfort AlertTM Diagnostics Module
Thermostat Demand Wiring
The Comfort AlertTM module requires a thermostat demand
signal to operate properly. The thermostat demand
signal input (labeled Y on the module), should always be
connected to the compressor contactor coil. NOTE: When
the coil is energized, the demand signal input is 24 VAC.
When the coil is not energized, the demand signal input
should be less than 0.5 VAC.
NOTES:
• Factory installed modules have different thermostat
demand signal wiring. Always follow manufacturer
wiring instructions when replacing the module.
• After the thermostat demand signal is connected, verify
that 24 VAC across Y & C when demand is present.
Interpreting the Diagnostic LED’s
When an abnormal system condition occurs, the Comfort
AlertTM module displays the appropriate ALERT and/or
TRIP LED will flash a number of times consecutively,
pause and then repeat the process. To identify a Flash
Code number, count the number of consecutive flashes.
Each time the module powers up, the last ALERT Flash
Code that occurred prior to shut down is displayed for
one minute. The module will continue to display the LED
until the condition returns to normal or if 24 VAC power
is removed from the module. See Table 17 (page 26) for
flash code identification or Table 18 (page 27) for module
wiring troubleshooting.
LED Description
• POWER LED (Green): indicates voltage is present at
the power connection of the module.
• ALERT LED (Yellow): communicates an abnormal
system condition through a unique flash code.
NOTE: The ALERT LED will flash consecutively, pause
and then repeat the process.The number of consecutive
flashes, referred to as the Flash Code, correlates to
a particular abnormal condition. Detailed descriptions
of these ALERT Flash Codes are listed in Table 17.
• TRIP LED (Red): indicates a demand signal is received
from the thermostat, but current to the compressor is
not detected by the module. The TRIP LED typically
indicates if the compressor protector is open or the
compressor has no power.
Thermostat
G R W 2C E O Y
The scroll compressor’s R (run), C (common), and S
(start) wires are routed through the holes in the Comfort
AlertTM module marked R, C, & S. NOTE: The common
wire does not need to be routed through the module for
it to operate.
Green
G
Red
R
Brown
W
R
W2
Blower Time Delay Relay (Select Models)
A time delay relay may be provided with the unit and
must be installed in the indoor section. The relay will keep
the indoor blower running an additional 40 seconds for
increased cooling efficiency after the outdoor unit shuts off.
NOTE: Jumper
between W2 and E is
required when no OD
T-Stat is used.
Orange W 2
For 2-Stage
Heater
Kits
C O Y
Black
The relay has four terminals and one mounting hole.
• Connect terminal 1 to load side of blower relay.
• Connect terminal 2 to terminal R of T’stat.
• Connect terminal 3 to common terminal at blower relay
or transformer.
• Connect terminal 4 to terminal G on T’stat.
C
Air Handler
Heat Pump OD
Section
Typical Heat Pump with Standard Air Handler
Thermostat / Low Voltage Connections
• Thermostat connections should be made in accordance
with the instructions supplied with the thermostat and
the indoor equipment. A typical installation with a heat
pump thermostat and air handler is shown in Figure 5.
• The outdoor unit is designed to operate from a 24 VAC
Class II control circuit. The control circuit wiring must
comply with the current provisions of the NEC (ANSI/
NFPA 70) and with applicable local codes having
jurisdiction.
• The low voltage wires must be properly connected to
the units low voltage terminal block. Recommended
wire gauge and wire lengths for typical thermostat
connections are listed in Table 2.
• The thermostat should be mounted about 5 feet
above the floor on an inside wall. DO NOT install the
thermostat on an outside wall or any other location
where its operation may be adversely affected by radiant
heat from fireplaces, sunlight, or lighting fixtures, and
convective heat from warm air registers or electrical
appliances. Refer to the thermostat manufacturer’s
instruction sheet for detailed mounting and installation
information.
Reverse Rotation Verification
After making all of the power connections to the unit, the
rotation of the compressor must be checked. If the rotation
is in the wrong direction, the compressor will make an
abnormally loud noise. To check the rotation perform the
following steps:
1.Make sure the outside power disconnect is in the OFF
position.
2.Set the indoor thermostat to a set point that will call for
cooling.
3.Retun to the outside power disconnect and switch it
to the ON position. If the compressor is making an
Thermostat
G R W 2C E O Y
Green
G
Red
R
White
W
E
R
W2
C O Y
Black
C
Air Handler
Heat Pump OD
Section
Typical Heat Pump with
Outdoor Thermostat and Air Handler
Figure 5. Typical Thermostat Connections
Thermostat
Wire Gauge
Recommended T-Stat Wire
Unit to T-Stat (Length in FT)
2-Wire
(Heating)
5-Wire
(Heating/Cooling)
24
55
25
22
90
45
20
140
70
18
225
110
Table 2. Thermostat Wire Gauge
7
abnormally loud noise, immediately switch the outside
power disconnect to the OFF position.
4.Switch any two of the three power leads at the power
connections to the unit.
5.SetReturn to the outside power disconnect and swith
it to the ON position.
6.Verify that the compressor is now running properly.
Unbalanced 3-Phase Supply Voltage
Voltage unbalance occurs when the voltages of all phases
of a 3-phase power supply are no longer equal. This
unbalance reduces motor efficiency and performance.
Some underlying causes of voltage unbalance may include:
Lack of symmetry in transmission lines, large single-phase
loads, and unbalanced or overloaded transformers. A
motor should never be operated when a phase imbalance
in supply is greater than 2%. Perform the following steps
to determine the percentage of voltage imbalance:
1.Measure the line voltages
of your 3-phase power
supply where it enters the
building and at a location
that will only be dedicated
to the unit installation (at
the units circuit protection
or disconnect).
Example:
AB = 451V
BC = 460V
AC = 453V
2.Determine the average voltage in the power supply.
In this example, the measured line voltages were
451, 460, and 453. The average would be 454 volts
(451 + 460 + 453 = 1,364 / 3 = 454).
3.Determine the maximum deviation:
Example:
From the values given in step 1, the BC voltage
(460V) is the greatest difference in value from
the average:
460 - 454 = 6
Highest Value
454 - 451 = 3
454 - 453 = 1
Grounding
WARNING:
The unit cabinet must have an uninterrupted or
unbroken electrical ground to minimize personal
injury if an electrical fault should occur. Do not
use gas piping as an electrical ground!
This unit must be electrically grounded in accordance
with local codes or, in the absence of local codes, with
the National Electrical Code (ANSI/NFPA 70) or the CSA
C22.1 Electrical Code. Use the grounding lug provided in
the control box for grounding the unit.
START UP & ADJUSTMENTS
Pre-Start Check List
в€љ Verify the unit is level and has sufficient clearances for
unobstructed airflow.
в€љ Verify the outdoor coil and top of the unit are free from
obstructions and debris, and all equipment access/
control panels are in place.
в€љ Verify that the line voltage power leads are securely
connected and the unit is properly grounded.
в€љ Verify that the low voltage wires are securely connected
to the correct leads on the low voltage terminal strip.
в€љ Verify that the power supply branch circuit overcurrent
protection is sized properly.
в€љ Verify that the thermostat is wired correctly.
Start-Up Procedures
WARNING:
This unit is equipped with a crankcase heater.
Allow 24 hours prior to continuing the start up
procedures to allow for heating of the refrigerant
compressor crankcase. Failure to comply may
result in damage and could cause premature
failure of the system. This warning should be
followed at initial start up and any time the power
has been removed for 12 hours or longer.
Air Circulation - Indoor Blower
4.Determine percent of
voltage imbalance by
using the results from
steps 2 & 3 in the following
equation.
% Voltage Imbalance = 100 x
Example:
100 x
6
= 1.32%
454
max voltage deviation
from average voltage
average voltage
The amount of phase imbalance (1.32%) is satisfactory
since the amount is lower than the maximum allowable
2%. Please contact your local electric utility company if
your voltage imbalance is more than 2%.
8
1.Set the thermostat system mode on OFF and the fan
mode to ON.
2.Verify the blower runs continuously. Check the air delivery
at the supply registers and adjust register openings for
balanced air distribution. If insufficient air is detected,
examine ductwork for leaks or obstructions.
3.Set the thermostat fan mode to AUTO and verify the
blower stops running.
NOTE: On 3-phase air handler models only - If blower
is spinning opposite of arrow direction, shut off the main
power to the unit and switch any two field wires at the
disconnect. DO NOT alter unit wiring.
Short Cycle Protection
1.Set the thermostat system mode to COOL. Observe the
temperature setting of the thermostat and gradually raise
the set-point temperature until the unit de-energizes.
2.Immediately lower the set point temperature of the
thermostat to its original setting and verify that the
indoor blower is energized and outdoor unit remains
de-energized.
3.After approximately 5 minutes, verify the outdoor unit
energizes and the temperature of the discharge air is
cooler than the room temperature.
System Cooling
1.Set the thermostat’s system mode to COOL and the
fan mode to AUTO. Gradually lower the thermostat
temperature setpoint below room temperature and
verify the outdoor unit and indoor blower energize.
2.Verify blower wheel is spinning in direction indicated by
arrow. Feel the air being circulated by the indoor blower
and verify that it is cooler than ambient temperature.
Listen for any unusual noises. If unusual sounds occur,
determine the source of the noise and correct as
necessary.
3.Verify HI and LO refrigerant pressures.
NOTE: If refrigerant pressures are abnormal and the
compressor is rotating backwards, shut off main power to
the unit and switch any two field wires at the disconnect.
DO NOT alter unit wiring.
4.Allow the system to operate for several minutes and then
set the temperature selector above room temperature.
Verify the fan and compressor cycle off with the
thermostat. NOTE: The blower should also stop unless
fan switch is set to the ON position.
System Heating
1.Set the thermostat's system mode to HEAT and the
temperature mode to below room temperature.
2.Verify the outdoor unit and indoor fan stop running. After
5 minutes, increase the temperature on the thermostat
to it's maximum setting.
3.Verify the outdoor unit and indoor blower energize. Feel
the air being circulated by the indoor blower and verify
that it is warmer than ambient temperature. Listen for
any unusual noises. If unusual sounds occur, determine
the source of the noise and correct as necessary.
Defrost Cycle Timer
The defrost cycle timer controls the time interval of the hot
gas defrost after the defrost sensor closes. It is located in
the lower left corner of the defrost control board on the of
the control panel. Three interval settings are available: 30,
60, and 90 minutes. Time setting selection is dependent
on the climate where the unit is being installed.
• Example 1: Dry climate of Southern Arizona - A 90
minute setting is recommended.
• Example 2: Moist climate of Seattle, Washington - A
30 minute setting is recommended.
To set the cycle timer, place the timing pin on the defrost
control board to the desired time interval post.
NOTE: All units are shipped from the factory with the
default time setting of 30 minutes. Longer settings are
recommended for drier climate areas and shorter time
intervals are recommended for moist climate areas.
Maximum heating performance can be acheived by setting
the time to 90 minutes.
Defrost Control Board
Operational Information
• Terminals R - RC must have 24±V present between
them in order for the time delay and defrost sequences
to be operational.
• Jumpering the T2-DFT test pins will communicate to the
board that the defrost T-stat is closed (if compressor is
running).The defrost thermostat tells the board whether
a defrost cycle needs to be started or terminated.
NOTE: The defrost T-stat is closed at 32В° F or below
and is open at 68° F or above, but it’s state is unknown
if the temperature is between 32В° F & 68В° F.
• With the DFT closed, the unit will run for 30/60/90
minutes in heat mode and then defrost the outdoor
coil. The defrost will turn off the outdoor fan, turn on the
compressor and raise the coil temperature to 68В° F. This
will open the DFT and terminate the defrost. If the DFT
does not open the defrost will end after 10 minutes.
• To over-ride the defrost boarrd and initiate a faster defrost
test in 5, 10 or 15 seconds as determined by the 30, 60
or 90 minute defrost pin settings (factory setting is 30
minutes), jumper the TEST terminal to the C (common)
terminal while the compressor is in heat mode.
– This will bypass the compressor off delay when the
unit goes into defrost test and if left in defrost test, the
delay will be bypassed when the test is terminated
by the processor. NOTE: If the jumper is removed
before the test is over, the processor will perform the
remainder of a normal defrost. See bullet 2 above.
• To switch from no-delay to delay, remove the pin from
the no - delay pin location and shift it to the delay pin
location. The delay/no-delay pin concerns compressor
operation during defrosts. The default setting is delay.
–Reciprocating compressors should only use this
setting in conjunction with an approved hard start
kit.
–Scroll compressors that have noise issues while
going into or coming out of defrost should use this
30 second delay to reduce the defrost noise.
– Manually initiating a defrost will cause the compressor
to run continually when entering defrost.
Normal defrost operation
To test normal defrost operation when the temperature is
above 35В° F, jumper R to DFT on the board and allow the
unit to run for 30 minutes. Defrost will continue until the
R to DFT jumper is removed or for 10 minutes. Remove
the jumper.
9
The 5 minute time delay feature can be shortened 1 time
to 1 second by jumping the Test to C terminal. Remove
the jumper and repeat as desired.
NOTE: If jumper is left on the Test to common pins
permanently, the defrost cycle will become inoperable.
Defrost Test Procedure
1.Jumper T2 to DFT at the test terminals.
2.With unit running in heat mode, short the TEST terminal
to the common terminal near it. This will speed up the
board and cause it to enter defrost mode in 5/10/15
seconds depending on the defrost time selection.
Compressor delay will not function during speed-up.
3.This test will end in 5 seconds if the TEST-common
short is not removed.
4.Remove both the short and the T2 to DFT jumper to
terminate the defrost cycle. The 30 second compressor
delay should operate normally.
5.Test is complete, reset thermostat to home owner
preference.
Anti Short Cycle Timer Test
The 5 minute time delay feature can be bypassed or
shortened to 1 second by jumping the Test to C terminal.
NOTE: If jumper is left on the Test to common pins
permanently, the defrost cycle will become inoperable.
Refrigerant Charging
WARNING:
T4BD Split System Heat Pumps are shipped
charged with R410A refrigerant and ready
for installation. If repairs make it necessary
for evacuation and charging, it should only
be attempted by qualified trained personnel
thoroughly familiar with this equipment. Under
no circumstances should the owner attempt to
install and/or service this equipment. Failure to
comply with this warning could result in property
damage, personal injury, or death.
After refrigerant line connections are completed, it is
required that you leak check and evacuate the indoor
section and all line connections (using proper methods)
before finalizing the full system refrigerant charge.
• To achieve rated capacity and efficiency, the compressor
must be exposed to refrigerant for at least 24 hours
prior to running and then the compressor must be run
for a minimum of 12 hours.
• Cooling mode charging charts are applicable only to
matched assemblies of NORDYNE equipment and listed
airflows for the indoor coil. T4BD outdoor units with
non-AHRI lsited indoor coils are not recommended and
deviations from rated airflows or non-listed combinations
may require modification to the expansion device and
refrigerant charging procedures for proper and efficient
10
system operation. Refer to Figures 6-12 (pages 1417) and Tables 3-9 (pages 12 - 14) for correct system
charging.
• The refrigerant charge can be checked and adjusted
through the service ports provided external to the
outdoor unit. Use only gage line sets which have a
“Schrader” depression device present to actuate the
valve. A common suction port for heating mode charging
is included and located on the compressor access panel
above the outdoor unit service valves.
• Heat Mode Verification Tables (Tables 10 - 16, pages
19 - 21) are provided for quick reference when the unit
is in heating mode and for the inspection of the liquid
line pressures and temperatures.
Charging the Unit in AC Mode with Outdoor
Temperatures Above 55В° F
(for optimized sub-cooling of 10В° F to 12В° F)
1.With the system operating at steady-state, measure the
liquid refrigerant pressure (in psig) at the outdoor unit
service valve.
2.Measure the liquid refrigerant temperature (in
Fahrenheit) at the service valve.
3.Determine the required liquid refrigerant pressure. Refer
to Figures 6-12 (pages 14-17) & Tables 3-9 (pages 1214).
• If the pressure measured in Step 1 is greater than
the required liquid refrigerant pressure determined in
Step 3, then there is too much charge in the system.
Remove refrigerant and repeat Steps 1 through 3
until the system is correctly charged.
• If the pressure measured in Step 1 is less than the
required liquid refrigerant pressure determined in
Step 3, there is too little charge in the system. Add
refrigerant and repeat Steps 1 through 3 until the
system is correctly charged.
Heat Pump MAINTENANCE
WARNING:
To prevent electrical shock, personal injury, or
death, disconnect all electrical power to the unit
before performing any maintenance or service.
The unit may have more than one electrical
supply.
Proper maintenance is important to achieve optimum
performance from the heat pump. The ability to properly
perform maintenance on this equipment requires certain
mechanical skills and tools. If you do not possess these
skills, contact your dealer for maintenance. Consult your
local dealer about the availability of maintenance contracts.
Routine maintenance should include the following:
• Inspect and clean or replace air filters at the beginning
of each heating and cooling season, or more frequently
if required.
• Inspect the outdoor coil at the beginning of each cooling
season. Remove any debris. Clean the outdoor coil
and louvers as necessary using a mild detergent and
water. Rinse thoroughly with water.
• Inspect the electrical connections for tightness at the
beginning of each heating and cooling season. Service
as necessary.
CAUTION:
The unit should never be operated without a
filter in the return air system. Replace disposable
filters with the same type and size.
• Do not add additional oil to motors unequipped with oil
tubes. The compressor is hermetically sealed at the
factory and does not require lubrication.
COMPONENT FUNCTIONS
Comfort AlertTM Diagnostics - The Comfort Alert
diagnostics module troubleshoots heat pump and air
conditioning system failures and accurately detects the
cause of electrical and system related failures without
any sensors. A flashing LED indicator communicates the
ALERT code to quickly direct the technician to the root
cause of a problem.
High Pressure Switch (HPS) - A high-pressure switch is
factory-installed and located in the compressor discharge
line internal to the outdoor unit. The switch is designed to
de-energize the system when very high pressures occur
during abnormal conditions. Under normal conditions, the
switch is closed. If the discharge pressure rises above
575 psig, then the switch will open and de-energize the
outdoor unit. The switch will close again once the liquid
pressure decreases to 460 psig. Please note that the
switch interrupts the thermostat inputs to the unit. When
the switch opens and then closes, there will be a 5 minute
short cycling delay before the outdoor unit will energize.
Low Pressure Switch (LPS) - A low-pressure switch is
factory-installed in select models only. If provided, this
located in the suction line internal to the outdoor unit. The
switch is designed to protect the compressor from a loss
of charge. Under normal conditions, the switch is closed.
If the suction pressure falls below 5 psig, then the switch
will open and de-energize the outdoor unit. The switch
will close again once the suction pressure increases
above 20 psig. Please note that the switch interrupts the
thermostat inputs to the unit. When the switch opens and
then closes, there will be a 5 minute short cycling delay
before the outdoor unit will energize.
T4BD Refrigerant Charging Charts - Cooling Only
Application Notes on the Use of Charging Charts
Legend
Shaded boxes indicate flooded conditions.
Rated design values. The suction pressure
will be lower than design value if outdoor air
flow, entering dry bulb, or entering wet bulb
temperatures are lower than design.
NOTES:
1.All pressures are listed psig and all temperatures in В°F
2.Discharge temperatures greater than charted values
indicate an undercharged system.
3.Discharge temperatures less than charted values
indicate an overcharged system.
• This equipment’s cooling system contains refrigerant under high pressure. Always use safe and
environmentally sound methods when handling refrigerant handling or servicing the unit. Review the
factory literature and safety warnings prior to servicing.
• When repairing system leaks, always use a nitrogen (inert) gas to protect the refrigerant system and pressure
check the repair before re-charging. Always replace the filter-dryers when performing any repair to the refrigeration
system with one capable of acid removal. After completing the repairs, evacuate the system to 350 - 500 microns
and weigh in the refrigerant to the amount specified on the unit rating label.
• Charging charts are valid for a variety of indoor, return air conditions and are most influenced by the outdoor
ambient temperature, outdoor fan operation and the unit operating voltage. Before using these charts, make sure
the unit is in a stable operating mode. As shown in the charging charts (Figures 6 - 12, pages 14 - 17), the ideal
system sub-cooling can vary over the range of operation. Reference the charts to determine the ideal amount of
sub-cooling for a given liquid pressure. Units charged to other values will not perform at the rated unit efficiency
(EER) or rated Coefficient of Performance (COP) in heating mode.
• To inspect a systems operation using quality instruments, match the measured liquid temperature to the units
chart. The measured liquid pressure reading should be within 3% of the charts value for most installations.
• For systems that are operating with more than a 5% deviation, inspect the unit for the proper voltage and phase
balance and the refrigeration system for leaks.
• Units that are operating at less then 95% of the nominal voltage or with a 2% phase imbalance may see a more
significant deviation than the amount stated above.
• DO NOT use the charts in systems that have a fan cycling under low-ambient control. Refer to the low-ambient
kit instructions for more information. (If applicable)
11
OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE (В°F)
Suct.
Press.
137
139
141
143
145
147
149
151
153
155
157
159
161
163
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp.
233
98
233
103
254
108
233
108
254
112
275
117
233
114
254
117
275
121
296
126
234
118
255
122
276
126
297
130
318
135
255
126
276
130
297
134
318
138
339
143
340
146
277
134
298
138
319
142
361
151
298
141
320
145
341
149
362
154
382
159
299
145
320
149
362
157
383
161
341
153
321
153
342
157
363
161
384
164
342
160
363
165
384
169
364
168
385
172
385
176
Table 3. Charging Table for T4BD-018 Series (1.5 Ton Units) - Orifice Matches
OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE (В°F)
Suct.
Press.
131
133
135
137
139
141
143
145
147
149
151
153
155
157
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp.
235
134
236
139
258
136
236
143
259
140
281
138
237
146
259
145
281
142
303
140
238
149
260
148
282
146
304
144
326
142
261
151
283
149
304
148
326
146
349
144
349
148
283
153
305
151
327
150
371
146
306
155
328
153
350
151
372
150
394
148
306
159
328
157
372
153
394
152
350
155
329
161
351
159
373
157
395
155
351
163
373
161
396
159
374
164
396
163
397
166
Table 4. Charging Table for T4BD-024 Series (2 Ton Units) - Orifice Matches
OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE (В°F)
Suct.
Press.
131
133
135
137
139
141
143
145
147
149
151
153
155
157
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp.
247
121
247
126
269
127
248
131
270
132
292
133
248
136
270
136
293
137
315
138
249
141
271
141
293
141
316
142
337
143
272
145
294
145
316
145
339
146
360
148
362
150
295
149
317
149
340
149
384
152
318
153
340
153
363
153
385
154
407
156
319
157
341
157
386
157
408
158
364
157
342
161
364
161
387
161
410
160
365
164
388
164
410
165
388
168
411
168
412
172
Table 5. Charging Table for T4BD-030 Series (2.5 Ton Units) - Orifice Matches
12
OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE (В°F)
Suct.
Press.
130
132
134
136
138
140
142
144
146
148
150
152
154
156
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp.
266
150
267
154
290
153
268
158
291
156
314
155
269
161
292
160
315
159
337
158
270
165
293
164
316
162
339
161
361
161
294
167
317
166
340
165
362
164
385
164
386
167
318
170
341
168
364
167
408
167
342
172
365
171
387
169
410
169
432
170
343
176
366
174
411
172
433
172
389
173
367
178
390
177
412
175
435
175
391
180
414
179
436
178
415
183
437
181
439
185
Table 6. Charging Table for T4BD-036 Series (3 Ton Units) - Orifice Matches
OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE (В°F)
Suct.
Press.
133
135
137
139
141
143
145
147
149
151
153
155
157
159
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp.
239
146
239
151
261
147
239
156
262
151
284
147
240
160
262
155
285
151
307
149
241
165
263
160
285
155
307
152
329
150
264
164
286
160
308
156
330
153
352
152
353
155
287
164
309
160
331
157
374
155
309
164
331
161
353
158
375
157
396
157
310
168
332
165
376
160
397
159
354
162
333
169
355
166
377
163
398
162
355
169
377
166
399
164
378
170
400
167
401
171
Table 7. Charging Table for T4BD-042 Series (3.5 Ton Units) - Orifice Matches
OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE (В°F)
Suct.
Press.
124
126
128
130
132
134
136
138
140
142
144
146
148
150
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp.
237
144
237
150
260
145
237
156
260
151
282
147
240
157
261
156
283
152
305
149
241
160
263
158
284
157
306
153
328
151
264
162
285
160
307
157
329
155
351
153
352
157
286
164
308
161
330
159
373
156
309
165
331
163
353
160
374
159
396
158
310
169
332
167
376
162
397
161
354
164
333
171
354
169
376
166
398
164
355
173
377
170
399
167
378
174
400
172
401
176
Table 8. Charging Table for T4BD-048 Series (4 Ton Units) - Orifice Matches
13
OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE (В°F)
Suct.
Press.
117
119
121
123
125
127
129
131
133
135
137
139
141
143
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Liq.
Dis.
Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp. Press. Temp.
248
145
249
150
272
148
250
155
273
153
295
152
252
158
274
158
296
156
318
155
254
162
275
162
297
161
319
159
341
159
277
166
299
165
320
164
342
163
364
163
365
166
300
169
322
168
344
167
387
166
323
172
345
171
367
170
389
170
410
170
325
176
346
175
390
173
412
173
368
174
348
179
370
178
392
177
414
176
371
183
393
181
415
180
394
186
416
185
417
189
Table 9. Charging Table for T4BD-060 Series (5 Ton Units) - Orifice Matches
550
525
Remove refrigerant when above curve
500
Liquid Pressure [psig]
475
450
425
400
375
350
325
300
Add refrigerant when below curve
275
250
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
Liquid Temperature [F]
Figure 6. Charging Chart for T4BD-018 Series (1.5 Ton Units) - TXV Matches
14
125
130
550
525
Remove refrigerant when above curve
500
Liquid Pressure [psig]
475
450
425
400
375
350
325
300
Add refrigerant when below curve
275
250
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
Liquid Temperature [F]
Figure 7. Charging Chart for T4BD-024 Series (2 Ton Units) - TXV Matches
550
525
Remove refrigerant when above curve
500
475
Liquid Pressure [psig]
450
425
400
375
350
325
300
Add refrigerant when below curve
275
250
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
Liquid Temperature [F]
Figure 8. Charging Chart for T4BD-030 Series (2.5 Ton Units) - TXV Matches
15
550
525
Remove refrigerant when above curve
500
Liquid Pressure [psig]
475
450
425
400
375
350
325
300
Add refrigerant when below curve
275
250
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
125
130
Liquid Temperature [F]
Figure 9. Charging Chart for T4BD-036 Series (3 Ton Units) - TXV Matches
550
525
Remove refrigerant when above curve
500
Liquid Pressure [psig]
475
450
425
400
375
350
325
300
Add refrigerant when below curve
275
250
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
Liquid Temperature [F]
Figure 10. Charging Chart for T4BD-042 Series (3.5 Ton Units) - TXV Matches
16
550
525
Remove refrigerant when above curve
500
450
425
400
375
350
325
300
Add refrigerant when below curve
275
250
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
Liquid Temperature [F]
Figure 11. Charging Chart for T4BD-048 Series (4 Ton Units) - TXV Matches
550
525
Remove refrigerant when above curve
500
475
450
Liquid Pressure [psig]
Liquid Pressure [psig]
475
425
400
375
350
325
300
Add refrigerant when below curve
275
250
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
130
Liquid Temperature [F]
Figure 12. Charging Chart for T4BD-060 Series (5 Ton Units) - TXV Matches
17
T4BD Heat Mode Verification Charts - Heating Only
Application Notes on the use of Heating-mode charge verification charts:
Legend
NOTES:
Shaded boxes indicate flooded conditions.
Rated design values. Suction pressure will vary
from design value if outdoor air flow, entering dry
bulb, or entering wet bulb temperatures vary.
1.All pressures are listed psig and all temperatures in В°F
2.Discharge temperatures greater than charted values
indicate an undercharged system.
• Read all notes and warnings for the Cooling-mode
charging charts prior to using these Heating-mode
charge verification charts. Always use safe and
environmentally sound methods when handling
refrigerant handling or servicing the unit. Review
the factory literature and safety warnings prior to
servicing.
• When repairing system leaks, always use a nitrogen
(inert) gas to protect the refrigerant system and pressure
check the repair before re-charging. Always replace
the filter-dryers when performing any repair to the
refrigeration system with one capable of acid removal.
After completing the repairs, evacuate the system to
350 - 500 microns and weigh in the refrigerant to the
amount specified on the unit rating label.
• Before using the heat mode verification tables (Tables
10 - 16, pages 19 - 21), determine the outdoor ambient
temperature and the return air temperature to the unit.
Locate the appropriate location on the units verification
chart based on those measurements to determine
the ideal discharge pressure and temperature. Verify
the outdoor fan and compressor are running and the
outdoor coil is free from frost accumulation. Also verify
the system is not operating in defrost mode before
inspecting the system.
• Always use quality instruments that are in good working
order to measure the actual operating point of the
refrigeration system.The discharge temperature should
be within 2 degrees of the ideal value and the pressure
should be within 2%.
• The most reliable way of verifying the system is at the
correct charge is to evacuate the system and weigh
in the charge to the amount shown on the rating label.
However, if an inspection with these verification charts
does not line up with the values shown and the ambient
temperature is above 50Лљ F, then a more accurate
way to inspect the system for proper charge is with
the cooling mode charging charts. Switch the unit into
cooling mode and allow it to operate and stabilize for
a few minutes then inspect the unit operation with the
cooling mode charts and procedures.
Before changing the unit charge, always inspect the
following items first:
1.Inspect the liquid line temperature on the inlet and outlet
of the filter dryers. If it is the factory dryer and in good
condition there should be no temperature difference.
If the temperature difference is larger than 5Лљ, replace
the filter dryer with one that is bi-directional and has
acid removal capability. Refer to the unit RPL for the
recommended part number and size.
2.Inspect the units input voltage. Units operating at less
than 95% of the nominal voltage may deviate more from
the chart then previously stated.
3.Inspect the input voltage for a phase imbalance. Units
with greater then a 2% disparity will not operate at the
rated performance.
4.Verify that the unit filters are installed and are clean.
The pressure drop across the filters should not exceed
0.08 in-W.C.
5.Inspect the indoor coil, indoor blower and blower motor
for cleanliness, clogging, and proper operation.
6.Inspect the system for leaks. If any leaks are detected,
repair them immediately. Re-inspect the return air and
ambient temperatures and verify that the correct system
point on the verification chart was selected.
18
DO NOT use the charts in systems that have the fan cycling
under a low-ambient control. Low-ambient controls are
for cooling operation. In heating mode, the low ambient
control should be disabled. Unless the unit is in defrost
mode, the outdoor fan should always operate in conjunction
with the compressor.
IMPORTANT NOTE: If the unit is equipped with a liquid
valve with an outdoor restrictor (Figure 2 page 5), then
it is not possible to measure the liquid pressure. To
approximate the liquid pressure, subtract 7 psig from
the discharge pressure.
19
Disch.
Temp.
101
99
97
95
93
91
89
Disch.
Temp.
106
104
102
100
98
96
94
Disch.
Temp.
110
108
106
104
102
100
98
0
Disch.
Press.
188
195
202
209
216
223
230
0
Disch.
Press.
208
215
222
229
236
243
250
0
Disch.
Press.
205
212
219
226
233
240
247
Suc.
Press
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
Suc.
Press
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
Suc.
Press
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
Suc.
Press.
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
Suc.
Press.
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
Suc.
Press.
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
10
Disch.
Press.
248
254
260
266
272
278
284
10
Disch.
Press.
240
246
252
258
264
270
276
10
Disch.
Press.
224
230
236
242
248
254
260
Disch.
Temp.
118
116
114
112
110
108
106
Disch.
Temp.
114
112
110
108
106
104
102
Disch.
Temp.
109
107
105
103
101
99
97
20
Disch.
Press.
261
266
270
275
280
285
290
Disch.
Temp.
116
114
112
110
108
106
104
Suc.
Press.
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
30
Disch.
Press.
297
301
305
308
312
316
319
Disch.
Temp.
124
122
120
118
116
114
112
Suc.
Press.
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
40
Disch.
Press.
332
339
346
353
360
367
374
Disch.
Temp.
139
136
133
130
127
124
122
20
Disch.
Press.
273
278
283
287
292
297
302
Disch.
Temp.
121
119
117
115
113
111
109
Suc.
Press.
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
30
Disch.
Press.
306
309
313
317
320
324
328
Disch.
Temp.
129
127
125
123
121
119
117
Suc.
Press.
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
40
Disch.
Press.
334
341
348
355
362
369
376
Disch.
Temp.
141
138
136
133
130
127
124
Disch.
Temp.
127
125
123
121
119
117
115
Suc.
Press.
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
30
Disch.
Press.
335
339
343
346
350
354
357
Disch.
Temp.
136
134
132
130
128
126
124
Suc.
Press.
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE (DEG. F)
40
Disch.
Press.
375
382
389
396
403
410
417
Disch.
Temp.
149
146
144
141
138
135
132
Table 12. Charging Table for T4BD-030 Series (2.5 Ton Units)
Suc.
Press.
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
20
Disch.
Press.
292
297
301
306
311
316
320
Table 11. Charging Table for T4BD-024 Series (2 Ton Units)
Suc.
Press.
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE (DEG. F)
Table 10. Charging Table for T4BD-018 Series (1.5 Ton Units)
Suc.
Press.
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE (DEG. F)
Suc.
Press.
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
Suc.
Press.
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
Suc.
Press.
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
50
Disch.
Press.
433
440
447
454
461
468
475
50
Disch.
Press.
381
388
395
402
409
416
423
50
Disch.
Press.
387
394
401
408
415
422
429
Disch.
Temp.
168
163
159
154
150
145
141
Disch.
Temp.
158
154
149
145
140
136
131
Disch.
Temp.
159
155
150
146
141
137
132
Suc.
Press.
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
Suc.
Press.
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
Suc.
Press.
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
60
Disch.
Press.
491
498
505
512
519
526
533
60
Disch.
Press.
429
436
443
450
457
464
471
60
Disch.
Press.
443
450
457
464
471
478
485
Disch.
Temp.
187
180
174
168
162
156
150
Disch.
Temp.
175
169
163
157
151
145
138
Disch.
Temp.
179
173
167
161
155
149
143
20
Disch.
Temp.
106
104
102
100
98
96
94
Disch.
Temp.
114
112
110
108
106
104
102
Disch.
Temp.
122
120
118
116
114
112
110
0
Disch.
Press.
236
243
250
257
264
271
278
0
Disch.
Press.
200
207
214
221
228
235
242
0
Disch.
Press.
234
241
248
255
262
269
276
Suc.
Press
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
Suc.
Press
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
Suc.
Press
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
Suc.
Press.
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
Suc.
Press.
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
Suc.
Press.
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
10
Disch.
Press.
256
262
268
274
280
286
292
10
Disch.
Press.
239
245
251
257
263
268
274
10
Disch.
Press.
250
256
261
267
273
279
285
Disch.
Temp.
126
124
122
120
118
116
114
Disch.
Temp.
123
121
119
117
115
113
111
Disch.
Temp.
114
112
110
108
106
104
102
20
Disch.
Press.
264
268
273
278
283
287
292
Disch.
Temp.
122
120
118
116
114
112
110
Suc.
Press.
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
30
Disch.
Press.
277
281
285
288
292
296
299
Disch.
Temp.
129
127
125
123
121
119
117
Suc.
Press.
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
40
Disch.
Press.
305
312
319
326
333
340
347
Disch.
Temp.
144
141
138
135
133
130
127
Disch.
Temp.
131
129
127
125
123
121
119
Suc.
Press.
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
30
Disch.
Press.
316
320
323
327
331
334
338
Disch.
Temp.
139
137
135
133
131
129
127
Suc.
Press.
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE (DEG. F)
40
Disch.
Press.
351
358
365
372
379
386
393
Disch.
Temp.
152
149
146
144
141
138
135
20
Disch.
Press.
279
283
288
293
298
303
307
Disch.
Temp.
130
128
126
124
122
120
118
Suc.
Press.
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
30
Disch.
Press.
301
305
308
312
316
319
323
Disch.
Temp.
133
131
129
127
125
123
121
Suc.
Press.
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
40
Disch.
Press.
338
345
352
359
366
373
380
Disch.
Temp.
146
143
140
138
135
132
129
Table 15. Charging Table for T4BD-048 Series (4 Ton Units)
Suc.
Press.
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE (DEG. F)
Table 14. Charging Table for T4BD-042 Series (3.5 Ton Units)
Suc.
Press.
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
20
Disch.
Press.
277
282
287
292
297
301
306
Table 13. Charging Table for T4BD-036 Series (3 Ton Units)
Suc.
Press.
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE (DEG. F)
Suc.
Press.
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
Suc.
Press.
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
Suc.
Press.
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
50
Disch.
Press.
413
420
427
434
441
448
455
50
Disch.
Press.
406
413
420
427
434
441
448
50
Disch.
Press.
370
377
384
391
398
405
412
Disch.
Temp.
167
163
158
154
149
145
140
Disch.
Temp.
169
164
160
155
151
146
142
Disch.
Temp.
165
161
156
152
147
143
138
Suc.
Press.
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
Suc.
Press.
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
Suc.
Press.
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
60
Disch.
Press.
488
495
502
509
516
523
530
60
Disch.
Press.
461
468
475
482
489
496
503
60
Disch.
Press.
435
442
449
456
463
470
477
Disch.
Temp.
189
183
176
170
164
158
152
Disch.
Temp.
185
179
173
167
161
155
148
Disch.
Temp.
186
180
174
168
162
155
149
21
Suc.
Press
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
0
Disch.
Press.
296
303
310
317
324
331
338
Disch.
Temp.
161
159
157
155
153
151
149
Suc.
Press.
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
10
Disch.
Press.
320
326
332
338
344
350
356
Disch.
Temp.
162
160
158
156
154
152
150
20
Disch.
Press.
345
350
354
359
364
369
374
Disch.
Temp.
163
161
159
157
155
153
151
Suc.
Press.
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
30
Disch.
Press.
369
373
377
380
384
388
391
Disch.
Temp.
164
162
160
158
156
154
152
Suc.
Press.
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
40
Disch.
Press.
401
408
415
422
429
436
443
Disch.
Temp.
173
170
167
164
161
159
156
Table 16. Charging Table for T4BD-060 Series (5 Ton Units)
Suc.
Press.
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE (DEG. F)
Suc.
Press.
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
50
Disch.
Press.
463
470
477
484
491
498
505
Disch.
Temp.
189
185
180
176
171
167
162
Suc.
Press.
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
60
Disch.
Press.
526
533
540
547
554
561
568
Disch.
Temp.
206
200
194
187
181
175
169
22
Figure 13. T4BD Wiring Diagram - Single Phase Models
CC
RVS
DFT
HPS
S
4
T1
T2
C
Y
O
W2
R
Compressor
C
1
3
Control
Logic
DF2
time is accumulated. Opening of DFT during
defrost or interval period resets the interval to 0.
4 With DFT closed and “Y” closed, compressor run
T1
T2
C
Y
O
C
Y
O
W2
W2
R
R
E
Low
Voltage
Terminals DFT
E
See
Note 6
T2
DFT
TEST
DF1 DF2
Defrost Control Board
Red
Black
Reversing Valve
Solenoid
Black
Black
ODT(Select
Models Only)
Defrost
Thermostat
Red
Yellow wit h
Black Hash
HPS
CC - Contactor Coil
CCH - Crankcase Heater
DFT - Defrost Thermostat
HPS - High Pressure Switch
RVS - Reversing Valve Solenoid
* - Hard Start Kit Field Installed
ODT - Outdoor Thermostat
Defrost Control Board
1
C
2 DF1
Compressor
Contacts
T2
Outdoor Fan Motor
DFT
R
S
R
1 Closing during defrost.Rating: 1 Amp.Max.
2 Opens during defrost.Rating: 2HP at 230 Vac Max.
3
Defrost Board Operation:
C
Y
O
ODT (Select
Models Only)
C
F
H
Dual Capacitor
CCH
L2
LEGEND:
FIELD WIRING
LOW VOLTAGE
HIGH VOLTAGE
Yellow
Black
Black
2
Black
TERMINAL OR GRAY WIRE
Blue
5
1
Start Relay
T1
R
S
Red or Red Black
Blue
Start
Capacitor
Grd
(Single Phase)
Field Supply
L2
L2
T2
S
C
CC
05/11
710507-D
(Replaces 710507-C)
Grounding
Screw
Black
CCH
Comp
C
Black
Black
R
Outdoor
Fan Motor
Single Phase
Black or
Black White
Yellow or Yellow Black
L1
L1
Orange
Contactor
CC
H
C
Yellow
Dual
Capacitor
F
1. Couper le courant avant de faire letretien.
2. Employez uniquement des conducteurs en cuivre.
3. Ne convient pas aux installations de plus de 150 volt a la terre.
Yellow
W2
R
E
T1
L1
208/230V
NOTES:
1. Disconnect all power before servicing.
2. For supply connections use copper conductors only.
3. Not suitable on systems that exceed 150 volts to ground
4. For replacement wires use conductors suitable for 105Лљ C.
5. For ampacities and overcurrent protection, see unit rating plate.
6. Connect to 24 vac/40va/class 2 circuit. See furnace/air handler
installation instructions for control circuit and optional
relay/transformer kits.
Split System Heat Pump (Outdoor Section)
WIRING DIAGRAM
electrical Diagrams & Tables
Comfort
Alert
R C
CC
RVS
DFT
C
HPS
T1
T2
C
Y
O
W2
R
4
1
2 DF1
3
Control
Logic
DF2
T1
T2
C
Y
O
Legend
C
Y
O
W2
W2
R
R
E
Low
Voltage
Terminals DFT
E
See
Note 6
T2
DFT
TEST
High Voltage
Yellow
Black
Black
L Comfort
R Alert
C
Y
Blue
LPS
5
Single Phase
Black
T1
L2
L2
T2
Grd
Yellow
(Single Phase)
Field Supply
L1
Red
R
S
CCH
Comp
Black
C
06/10
710533E
(Replaces 710533D)
Screw
Grounding
Black
Black
R
Black
C
Outdoor
Fan Motor
S
¢710533z¤
L1
Contactor
CC
H
C
Blue
Orange
Yellow
Dual
Capacitor
F
Black
2
Yellow
1
Start
Capacitor*
1. Couper le courant avant de faire letretien.
2. Employez uniquement des conducteurs en cuivre.
3. Ne convient pas aux installations de plus de 150 volt a la terre.
Start Relay*
CC - Contactor Coil
CCH - Crankcase Heater
DFT - Defrost Thermostat
HPS - High Pressure Switch
LPS - Low Pressure Switch
RVS - Reversing Valve Solenoid
* - Hard Start Kit Field Installed
Reversing Valve
Solenoid
Black
Defrost
Thermostat
Red
Red
Yellow with
Black Hash
Yellow
Used in R410a Models Only
HPS
DF1 DF2
Defrost Control Board
L
Select
Models
Only
Yellow "ALERT" Flash Code 9
Yellow "ALERT" Flash Code 8
Yellow "ALERT" Flash Code 7
Field Wiring
Factory Wiring:
Low Voltage
Defrost Control Board
1
C
Outdoor Fan Motor
DFT
R
S
T2
Compressor
Contacts
S Compressor
R
Yellow "ALERT" Flash Code 4
Yellow "ALERT" Flash Code 5
Yellow "ALERT" Flash Code 6
Yellow "ALERT" Flash Code 3
Status LED Description
Module has power
Thermostat demand signal Y is present,
but the compressor is not running
Long Run Time
Compressor is running extremely long
run cycle
System Pressure Trip
Discharge or suction pressure out of
limits or compressor overloaded
Short Cycling
Compressor is running only briefly
Locked Rotor
Open Circuit
Open Start Circuit
Current only in run circuit
Open Run Circuit
Current only in start circuit
Welded Contactor
Compressor always runs
Low Voltage
Control circuit < 17 VAC
Black
1 Closing during defrost.Rating: 1 Amp. Max.
2 Opens during defrost. Rating: 2 HP at 230 Vac Max.
3 Closed when "Y" is on. Open when "Y" is off.
Provides "off" delay time of 5 min. when "Y" opens.
4 With DFT closed and "Y" closed, compressor run
time is accumulated. Opening of DFT during
defrost or interval period resets the interval to 0.
Defrost Board Operation:
LPS
Select
Models Only
Low Voltage
Terminals
L
C
Y
Y L
C
F
H
Dual Capacitor
CCH
L2
Yellow "ALERT" Flash Code 2
Yellow "ALERT" Flash Code 1
Status LED
Green "POWER"
Red "TRIP"
CC
O
W2
R
E
T1
208/230V
Disconnect all power before servicing.
For supply connections use copper conductors only.
Not suitable on systems that exceed 150 volts to ground.
For replacement wires use conductors suitable for 105В° C.
For ampacities and overcurrent protection, see unit rating plate.
Connect to 24 vac/40va/class 2 circuit. See furnace/air handler installation
instructions for control circuit and optional relay/transformer kits.
L1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
NOTES:
Split System Heat Pump (Outdoor Section)
WIRING DIAGRAM
Yellow
Figure 14. T4BD Wiring Diagram - Single Phase Models with Comfort Alert
23
Figure 15. T4BD Wiring Diagram - Three Phase, 208/230V Models
C
Y
O
W2
R
E
Opens during defrost.
Rating: 2 HP. at 230 Vac Max.
Closed when “Y” is on.
Open when “Y” is off.
Provides “off” delay time
of 5 min. when “Y” opens.
2
3
FIELD WIRING
LOW VOLTAGE
HIGH VOLTAGE
LEGEND:
Closes during defrost.
Rating: 1 Amp. Max.
RVS
1
3
CONTROL
LOGIC
1
2
DF1
Ground on location provided inside compressor
terminal box.
Defrost Control Board
4
DF2
5
T1
T2
C
Y
O
W2
R
DFT
Outdoor Fan
Motor
C
T1
Compressor
Motor
With DFT closed and “Y” closed, compressor run time is
accumulated. Opening of DFT during defrost or interval
period resets the interval to 0.
HPS
CC
DFT
R
S
T3
T2
4
Capacitor
1
Defrost Board Operation:
Low Voltage
Terminals
T3
T2
5
CCH (If Equipped)
T1
See Note 6
Low Voltage
Terminals
L1
L2
L3
C
E
R
W2
O
C
Y
Black
T1
T2
C
Y
O
O
W2
R
R
DFT
E
Black
DF1 DF2
Reversing Valve
Solenoid
T2
DFT
TEST
Defrost Control Board
Yellow w/
Black Hash
HPS
Outdoor Fan S
Motor
Black
T3
L3
T3
05/07
7106870
(3 Phase)
Field Supply
L1 L2 L3 Grd
Grounding
Screw
Three Phase
Defrost
Thermostat
CCH
(If Equipped)
Black
¢710687H¤
Compressor
T2
T1
L2
L1
Red
Red
T2
T1
Yellow
Capacitor
Blue
Orange
Contactor
Blue
R
1. Couper le courant avant de faire letretien.
2. Employez uniquement des conducteurs en cuivre
3. Ne convient pas aux installations de plus de 150 volt a la terre.
Red
NOTES:
1. Disconnect all power before servicing.
2. For supply connections use copper conductors only.
3. Not suitable on systems that exceed 150 volts to ground.
4. For replacement wires use conductors suitable for 105deg. C
5. For supply wire ampacities and overcurrent protection, see unit data label.
6. Connect to 24 vac/40va/class 2 circuit. See furnace/air handler installation
instructions for control circuit and optional Relay/Transformer Kits.
Black
Yellow
Split System Heat Pump
Black
WIRING DIAGRAM
Black
24
Figure 16. T4BD Wiring Diagram - Three Phase, 460V Models
25
C
Y
O
W2
R
E
OPENS DURING DEFROST.
RATING: 2 HP. AT 230 VAC MAX.
CLOSED WHEN “Y” IS ON.
OPEN WHEN “Y” IS OFF.
PROVIDES “OFF” DELAY TIME
OF 5 MIN. WHEN “Y” OPENS.
2
3
FIELD WIRING
LOW VOLTAGE
HIGH VOLTAGE
LEGEND:
CLOSES DURING DEFROST.
RATING: 1 AMP. MAX.
RVS
4
1
6
2
4
3
CONTROL
LOGIC
1
DF2
R
OUTDOOR FAN
MOTOR
DF1
YELLOW W/
BLACK HASH
HPS
BLACK
SEE NOTE 6
BLACK
T1
T2
C
Y
O
O
W2
R
R
DFT
E
S
C
BLACK
DF1 DF2
REVERSING VALVE
SOLENOID
R
E
W2
T2
DFT
TEST
C
Y
O
DEFROST CONTROL BOARD
LOW VOLTAGE
TERMINALS
GROUND ON LOCATION PROVIDED INSIDE COMPRESSOR
TERMINAL BOX.
T1
5
DEFROST CONTROL BOARD
T1
T2
C
Y
O
W2
R
DFT
T3
T2
WITH DFT CLOSED AND “Y” CLOSED, COMPRESSOR RUN TIME IS
ACCUMULATED. OPENING OF DFT DURING DEFROST OR INTERVAL
PERIOD RESETS THE INTERVAL TO 0.
HPS
CC
DFT
C
S
T1
COMPRESSOR
MOTOR
4
CAPACITOR
1
DEFROST BOARD OPERATION:
LOW VOLTAGE
TERMINALS
T3
T2
5
R
OUTDOOR
FAN MOTOR
BLACK
6
4
BLACK
CAPACITOR
BLUE
ORANGE
BLUE
BROWN
CCH (IF EQUIPPED)
L1
L2
L3
1. Couper le courant avant de faire letretien.
2. Employez uniquement des conducteurs en cuivre
T2
L2
L1
T3
T1
T2
T1
YELLOW
L3
T3
BLACK
CCH
(IF EQUIPPED)
05/07
7107360
RED
(3 PHASE)
FIELD SUPPLY
L1 L2 L3 GRD
GROUNDING
SCREW
Three Phase
460 V
DEFROST
THERMOSTAT
RED
Вў710736-В¤
COMPRESSOR
Blue
BLUE
YELLOW
NOTES:
1. Disconnect all power before servicing.
2. For supply connections use copper conductors only.
3. For replacement wires use conductors suitable for 105deg. C
4. For supply wire ampacities and overcurrent protection, see unit data label.
5. Connect to 24 vac/40va/class 2 circuit. See furnace/air handler installation
instructions for control circuit and optional Relay/Transformer Kits.
BLACK
RED
Split System Heat Pump
BLACK
WIRING DIAGRAM
CONTACTOR
BLACK
Comfort Alert Troubleshooting
Status LED
POWER
(Green LED)
TRIP
(Red LED)
ALERT
Flash Code 1
(Yellow LED)
ALERT
Flash Code 2
(Yellow LED)
Status LED Description
Module has power
Supply voltage is present at module terminals
Thermostat demand signal Y
is present, but compressor is
not running
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Long Run Time
Compressor is running
extremely long run cycles
• Low refrigerant charge
• Evaporator blower is not running
— Check blower relay coil and contacts
— Check blower motor capacitor
— Check blower motor for failure or blockage
— Check evaporator blower wiring and connectors
— Check indoor blower control board
— Check thermostat wiring for open circuit
• Evaporator coil is frozen
— Check for low suction pressure
— Check for excessively low thermostat setting
— Check evaporator airflow (coil blockages or return airfilter)
— Check ductwork or registers for blockage
• Faulty metering device
— Check TXV bulb installation (size, location and contact)
— Check if TXV/fixed orifice is stuck closed or defective
• Condenser coil is dirty
• Liquid line restriction (filter drier blocked if present in system)
• Thermostat is malfunctioning
— Solenoid plug not connected
— Y2 not wired at Comfort Alert
— Check thermostat sub-base or wiring for short circuit
— Check thermostat installation (location, level)
• Comfort Alert failure
System Pressure Trip
• High head pressure
— Check high pressure switch if present in system
— Check if system is overcharged with refrigerant
— Check for non-condensable in system
Discharge or suction
• Condenser coil poor air circulation (dirty, blocked, damaged)
Pressure out of limits
• Condenser fan is not running
— Check fan capacitor
— Check fan wiring and connectors
— Check fan motor for failure or blockage
Compressor overloaded
ALERT
Flash Code 3
(Yellow LED)
ALERT
Flash Code 4
(Yellow LED)
ALERT
Flash Code 5
(Yellow LED)
Status LED Troubleshooting Information
Compressor protector is open
Check for high head pressure
Check compressor supply voltage
Outdoor unit power disconnect is open
Compressor circuit breaker or fuse(s) is open
Broken wire or connector is not making contact
Low pressure switch open if present in system
Compressor contactor has failed open
• Return air duct has substantial leakage
• If low pressure switch present in system, check Flash Code 1 information
Short Cycling / Compressor is
running only briefly
• Thermostat demand signal is intermittent
• Low line voltage (contact utility if voltage at disconnect is low)
• Excessive liquid refrigerant in compressor
• Compressor bearings are seized
Locked Rotor
• Run capacitor has failed
• Low line voltage (contact utitlity if voltage at disconnect is low)
• Check wiring connections
• Excessive liquid refrigerant in compressor
• Compressor bearings are seized
• Measure compressor oil level
Open Circuit
• Outdoor unit power disconnect is open
• Compressor circuit breaker or fuse(s) is open
• Compressor contactor has failed open
— Check compressor contactor wiring and connectors
— Check for compressor contactor failure (burned, pitted or open)
— Check wiring and connectors between supply and compressor
— Check for low pilot voltage at compressor contactor coil
— High pressure switch is open and requires manual reset
• Open circuit in compressor supply wiring or connections
• Unusually long compressor protector reset time due to extreme ambient temperature
• Compressor windings are damaged
— Check compressor motor winding resistance
Table 17. LED Diagnostics
26
Comfort Alert Troubleshooting - CONTINUED
Status LED Status LED Description
Status LED Troubleshooting Information
ALERT
Flash Code 6
(Yellow LED)
Open Start Circuit
Current only in run
circuit
• Run capacitor has failed
• Open circuit in compressor start wiring or connections
—Check wiring and connectors between supply and the compressor S
terminal
• Compressor start winding is damaged
— Check compressor motor winding resistance
ALERT
Flash Code 7
(Yellow LED)
Open run circuit
Current only in start
circuit
• Open circuit in compressor run wiring or connections
— Check wiring and connectors between supply and the compressor R
terminal
• Compressor run winding is damaged
— Check compressor motor winding resistance
ALERT
Flash Code 8
(Yellow LED)
Welded Contactor
Compressor always runs
• Compressor contactor has failed closed
• Thermostat demand signal not connected to module
ALERT
Flash Code 9
(Yellow LED)
Low Voltage
Control circuit < 17VAC
• Control circuit transformer is overloaded
• Low line voltage (contact utility if voltage at disconnect is low)
• Check wiring connections
* Flash code number corresponds to a number of LED flashes, followed by a pause and then repeated. Trip and alert LED’s
flashing at same time means control circuit voltage is too low for operation.
Table 17. LED Diagnostics - Continued
Miswired Module Indication
Recommended Troubleshooting Action
Green LED is not on, module does not power up
• Determine if both R & C module terminals are connected.
• Verify voltage is present at module’s R & C terminals.
Green LED intermittent, module powers up only when
compressor runs
• Determine if R & Y terminals are wired in reverse.
• Verify modules R & C terminals have a constant source.
Trip LED is on, but system and compressor check OK
• Verify Y terminal is connected to 24VAC at contactor coil.
• Verify voltage at contactor coil falls below 0.5VAC when off.
• Verify 24VAC is present across Y & C when thermostat demand signal is
preset. If not, R & C are reversed wired.
TRIP LED & ALERT LED flashing together
• Verify R & C terminals are supplied with 19 - 28VAC.
ALERT Flash CODE 3 displayed incorrectly
(Compressor short cycling)
• Verify Y terminal is connected to 24VAC at contactor coil.
• Verify voltage at contactor coil falls below 0.5VAC when off.
ALERT Flash Code 5, 6, or 7 displayed incorrectly
(Open Circuit, Open Start Circuit or Open Run Circuit)
• Verify the compressor run and start wires are routed through the module’s
current sensing holes.
• Verify the Y terminal is connected to 24VAC at contactor coil.
• Verify voltage at contactor coil falls below 0.5VAC when off.
ALERT Flash Code 6 (Open Start Circuit) displayed for
Code 7 (Open Run Circuit) or vice-versa
• Verify the compressor run and start wires are routed through the correct
module sensing holes.
ALERT Flash Code 8 displayed incorrectly (Welded
Contactor)
• Determine if module’s Y terminal is connected.
• Verify Y terminal is connected to 24VAC at contactor coil.
• Verify 24VAC is present across Y & C when thermostat demand signal is
present. If not, R & C are reversed wired.
• Verify voltage at contactor coil falls below 0.5VAC when off.
• Review Thermostat Demand Wiring (page 10) for Y & C wiring.
Table 18. Module Wiring Troubleshooting
27
INSTALLATION / PERFORMANCE CHECK LIST
INSTALLATION ADDRESS:
CITY_________________________
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
STATE_________________
UNIT MODEL #_________________________________________
UNIT SERIAL #________________________________________
Unit Installed Minimum clearances per
Figure 1 (page 3)?
YES
NO
INSTALLER NAME:
CITY________________________
Has the owner’s information been
reviewed with the customer?
Has the Literature Package been left
with the unit?
Electrical connections tight?
YES
NO
Line voltage polarity correct?
YES
NO
Rated Voltage:____________________________________ VOLTS
L1-L2 Volts:______________________________________ VOLTS
L1-L3 Volts:______________________________________ VOLTS
L2-L3 Volts:______________________________________ VOLTS
STATE_________________
Avg. Volts:_______________________________________ VOLTS
YES
NO
Max. deviation of voltage
from avg. volts:____________________________________ VOLTS
YES
NO
% Volt imbalance:_________________________________ VOLTS
Blower Motor HP:_________ Sheave Setting____________ # Turns
REFRIGERATION SYSTEM
Was unit given 24 hr warm up period
for crankcase heaters?
YES
NO
Stage-1 Liquid Pressure (high side)_________________________
Has the thermostat been calibrated?
YES
NO
Is the thermostat level?
YES
NO
Is the heat anticipator setting correct?
(If Applicable)
YES
NO
Stage-1 Suction Pressure (low side)_________________________
REPLACEMENT PARTS
Replacement parts are available through all Nordyne distributors.
Please have the complete model and serial number of the unit
when ordering replacement parts.
Electrical:
Capacitors
Compressors
Contactors
Pressure Switches
Relays
Motors:
Blower Motor
Fan Motor
Components:
Blower Assembly
Cabinet Panels
Expansion Valves
Specifications & illustrations subject to change without notice or incurring obligations.
O' Fallon MO | Printed in U.S.A. (03/12)
Temperature Limit Switches
Thermostats
Time Delay Relays
Transformers
Fan Grille
Filter/Driers
7094070 (Replaces 709293A)
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