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T5BP SERIES
11.0 EER
USER’S MANUAL / INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
R410A SPLIT SYSTEM HEAT PUMP - 3 PHASE
IMPORTANT
Please read this information thoroughly and become familiar with the capabilities and
use of your appliance before attempting to operate or maintain this unit. Keep this
literature where you have easy access to it in the future. If a problem occurs, check the
instructions and follow recommendations given. If these suggestions don’t eliminate
your problem, call your servicing contractor.
These instructions are primarily intended to assist qualified individuals experienced in
the proper installation of this appliance. Some local codes require licensed installation/
service personnel for this type of equipment. Please read all instructions carefully before
starting the installation.
DO NOT DESTROY. PLEASE READ CAREFULLY AND
KEEP IN A SAFE PLACE FOR FUTURE REFERENCE.
2
USER INFORMATION
Important Safety Information ....................................4
About the Heat Pump .................................................4
Operating Instructions ...............................................4
Cooling Operation .....................................................4
Heating Operation .....................................................4
Emergency Heat........................................................4
Defrost Operation ......................................................4
Operating the Heat Pump for Automatic
Cooling and Heating ..................................................5
Operating the Indoor Blower Continuously ................5
Shutting the Heat Pump Off ......................................5
System Maintenance ..................................................5
Regular Cleaning.......................................................5
Before You Call a Technician .....................................5
Troubleshooting..........................................................5
Warranty Information .................................................5
INSTALLER INFORMATION
Important Safety Information ....................................6
Heat Pump Installation ...............................................7
Before You Install the Heat Pump ..............................7
Locating the Heat Pump ............................................7
Packaging Removal ...................................................7
Rigging and Hoisting .................................................7
Rooftop ......................................................................7
Ground Level .............................................................8
Connecting Refrigerant Tubing Between the
Indoor & Outdoor Unit ...............................................8
Electrical Wiring..........................................................9
Pre - Electrical Checklist ...........................................9
Line Voltage ...............................................................9
Grounding..................................................................9
Unbalanced 3-Phase Supply Voltage ......................10
Thermostat Connections .........................................10
Defrost Cycle Timer .................................................10
Defrost Control Board..............................................11
Operational Information........................................11
Normal Defrost Procedure ...................................11
Defrost Test Procedure ........................................11
Optional Electric Heater Kits ...................................11
Startup & Adjustments ............................................12
Pre - Start Checklist ................................................12
Start-up Procedure ..................................................12
Air Circulation - Indoor Blower .............................12
Short Cycle Protection .........................................12
System Cooling ....................................................12
System Heating ....................................................12
Refrigerant Charging ............................................... 12
Charging R410A Units in AC Mode with
Outdoor Temperatures Above 55В° F..................... 13
Heat Pump Maintenance .......................................... 13
Replacement Parts ................................................... 13
Component Functions ............................................. 14
Figures & Tables ....................................................... 14
Figure 5. T5BP Heat Pump Dimensions .............. 14
Table 3. Unit Dimensions & Shipping Weights ..... 14
Electrical Information ............................................... 15
Table 4. Electrical Specs & Physical Data ............ 15
Figure 6. T5BP Wiring Diagram ............................ 16
Figure 7. Heat Pump Thermostat Connections .... 17
Cooling Charging Charts ......................................... 18
Figure 8. Charging Chart for 7.5 Ton Units ........... 19
Figure 9. Charging Chart for 10 Ton Units ............ 19
Heat Mode Verification Charts................................. 20
Figure 10. Verification Chart for 7.5 Ton Units ...... 21
Figure 11. Verification Chart for 10 Ton Units ....... 21
Installation Performance Checklist ......................... 20
3
USER INFORMATION
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Safety markings are used frequently throughout this
manual to designate a degree or level of seriousness and
should not be ignored. WARNING indicates a potentially
hazardous situation that if not avoided, could result in
personal injury or death. CAUTION indicates a potentially
hazardous situation that if not avoided, may result in minor
or moderate injury or property damage.
ABOUT THE HEAT PUMP
Your heat pump is a unique, all weather comfort-control
appliance that will heat and cool your home year round
and provide energy saving comfort. It’s an unknown fact
that heat is always in the air, even when the outside
temperature is below freezing. The heat pump uses this
basic law of physics to provide energy saving heat during
the winter months. For example, If the outdoor temperature
is 47В° F (8В° C), your heat pump can deliver approximately
3.5 units of heat energy per each unit of electrical energy
used, as compared to a maximum of only 1 unit of heat
energy produced with conventional heating systems.
In colder temperatures, the heat pump performs like an air
conditioner run in reverse. Available heat energy outside
the home is absorbed by the refrigerant and exhausted
inside the home. This efficient process means you only
pay for “moving” the heat from the outdoors to the indoor
area. You do not pay to generate the heat, as is the case
with more traditional furnace designs.
During summer, the heat pump reverses the flow of the
heat-absorbing refrigerant to become an energy-efficient,
central air conditioner. Excess heat energy inside the
home is absorbed by the refrigerant and exhausted
outside the home.
Fan
Mode
System
Mode
Temperature
Selector
Figure 1. Digital Thermostat
4
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Please refer to the thermostat manufacturer’s User manual
for detailed programming instructions.
Cooling Operation
1. Set the thermostat’s system mode to COOL or AUTO
and change the fan mode to AUTO. See Figure 1
2. Set the temperature selector to the desired
temperature level. The outdoor fan, compressor, and
blower motor will all cycle on and off to maintain the
indoor temperature at the desired cooling level.
NOTE: If the temperature level is re-adjusted, or the
system mode is reset, the fan and compressor in the
outdoor unit may not start immediately. A protective
timer circuit holds the compressor and the outdoor fan
off for approximately 5 minutes following a previous
operation or the interruption of the main electrical
power.
Heating Operation
1. Set the thermostat’s system mode to HEAT or AUTO
and change the fan mode to AUTO. See Figure 1.
2. Set the temperature selector to the desired
temperature level. The compressor, outdoor fan, and
blower motor will cycle on and off to maintain the
indoor temperature at the desired heating level.
NOTE: If the temperature level is re-adjusted, or the
system mode is reset, the fan and compressor in the
outdoor unit may not start immediately. A protective
timer circuit holds the compressor and the outdoor fan
off for approximately 5 minutes following a previous
operation or the interruption of the main electrical
power.
Emergency Heat
Some thermostats may include a system mode called EM
HT or AUX HT, etc. This is a back-up heating mode that
should only be used if a problem is suspected. With the
mode set to EM HT, etc., the compressor and outdoor fan
will be locked off and supplemental heat (electric resistance
heating) will be used as a source of heat. Sustained use
of electric resistance heat in place of the heat pump will
result in an increase in electric utility costs.
Defrost Operation
During cold weather heating operation, the outdoor unit
will develop a coating of snow and ice on the heat transfer
coil. This is normal and the unit will defrost itself. This unit
monitors ambient and coil temperatures to regulate the
defrost function accordingly.
USER INFORMATION
At the beginning of the defrost cycle, both the outdoor
condenser fan and compressor will turn off. After
approximately 30 seconds, the compressor will turn on
and begin to heat the outdoor coil causing the ice and
snow to melt.
NOTE: While the ice and snow is melting, some steam
may rise from the outdoor unit as the warm coil causes the
melting frost to evaporate. When defrost is completed, the
outdoor fan motor will start, and the compressor will turn
off again. In approximately 30 seconds the compressor
will start up again and continue normal operation.
Operating the Heat Pump for Automatic Cooling
and Heating
1. Set the thermostat system switch to AUTO and the
thermostat fan switch to AUTO. See Figure 1.
NOTE: Thermostat styles vary. Some models will
not include the AUTO mode and others will have the
AUTO in place of the HEAT and COOL. Others may
include all three. Refer to the instructions supplied
with your thermostat for specific instructions.
2. Set the thermostat temperature to the desired
temperature level. The outdoor unit and the indoor
blower will then cycle on and off in either the heating or
cooling mode of operation as required to automatically
maintain the indoor temperature within the desired
limits.
Operating the Indoor Blower Continuously
The continuous indoor blower operation is typically used to
circulate the indoor air to equalize a temperature unbalance
due to a sun load, cooking, or fireplace operation.
Set the thermostat fan mode to ON (Figure 1). The indoor
blower starts immediately, and will run continually until
the fan mode is reset to AUTO.
The continuous indoor blower operation can be obtained
with the thermostat system mode set in any position,
including OFF.
Shutting the Heat Pump Off
Change the thermostat’s system mode to OFF and the fan
mode to AUTO. See Figure 1. NOTE: The system will not
operate, regardless of the temperature selector setting.
HEAT PUMP MAINTENANCE
CAUTION:
Shut off all electrical power to the unit before
performing any maintenance. Failure to comply
may result in personal injury or death.
Proper maintenance is most important to achieve the best
performance from the appliance and should be performed
by a qualified service technician at least once a year. Read
the maintenance items below and follow the instructions
for years of safe, trouble free operation.
Regular Cleaning
WARNING:
Do not place combustible material on or against
the unit cabinet. Do not place combustible
materials, including gasoline and any other
flammable vapors and liquids, in the vicinity of
the unit.
• Clean or replace the indoor air filter at the start of each
heating and cooling season, and when an accumulation
of dust and dirt is visible on the air filter.
• Remove any leaves and grass clippings from around
the coil of the outdoor unit, being careful not to damage
the aluminum fins.
• Check and remove any obstructions, such as twigs,
sticks, etc.
TROUBLESHOOTING
If the unit fails to operate, check the following:
• The thermostat is properly set. See Cooling Operation
for air conditioning or Heating Operation for furnace.
• The unit disconnect fuses are in good condition and
the electrical power to the unit is turned on.
WARRANTY INFORMATION
A warranty certificate with full details is included with the
heat pump. Carefully review these responsibilities with
your dealer or service company. The manufacturer will not
be responsible for any costs found necessary to correct
problems due to improper setup, improper installation,
adjustments, improper operating procedure on the part
of the user, etc. Some specific examples of service calls
which are not included in the limited warranty are:
• Correcting wiring problems in the electrical circuit
supplying the heat pump.
• Resetting circuit breakers or other switches.
• Adjusting or calibrating of thermostat.
5
INSTALLER INFORMATION
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Please read all instructions before servicing this equipment.
Pay attention to all safety warnings and any other special
notes highlighted in the manual. Safety markings are
used frequently throughout this manual to designate a
degree or level of seriousness and should not be ignored.
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation that
if not avoided, could result in personal injury or death.
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation that
if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury or
property damage.
WARNING:
Shut off all electrical power to the unit before
performing any maintenance or service on the
system. Failure to comply may result in personal
injury or death.
WARNING:
Unless noted otherwise in these instructions,
only factory authorized parts or accessory
kits may be used with this product. Improper
installation, service, adjustment, or maintenance
may cause explosion, fire, electrical shock or
other hazardous conditions which may result in
personal injury or property damage
WARNING:
T5BP Split System Heat Pumps leave the factory
with a 90 oz. (5.63 Lbs.) R410A refrigerant holding
charge. Follow all charging instructions for
maximum unit performance and efficiency. Some
local codes require licensed installation/service
personnel to service this type of equipment.
Refrigerant charging must be done by qualified
personnel familiar with safe and environmentally
responsible refrigerant handling procedures.
Under no circumstances should the owner
attempt to install and/or service this equipment.
Failure to comply with this warning could result
in property damage, personal injury, or death.
6
CAUTION:
This unit uses refrigerant R-410A. DO NOT use
any other refrigerant in this unit. Use of another
refrigerant will damage the unit.
WARNING:
The information listed below must be followed
during the installation, service, and operation
of this unit. Unqualified individuals should
not attempt to interpret these instructions or
install this equipment. Failure to follow safety
recommendations could result in possible
damage to the equipment, serious personal
injury or death.
• The installer must comply with all local codes and
regulations which govern the installation of this type
of equipment. Local codes and regulations take
precedence over any recommendations contained in
these instructions. Consult local building codes and
the National Electrical Code (ANSI CI) for special
installation requirements.
• All electrical wiring must be completed in accordance
with local, state and national codes and regulations
and with the National Electric Code (ANSI/NFPA 70)
or in Canada the Canadian Electric Code Part 1 CSA
C.22.1.
• This equipment contains liquid and gaseous refrigerant
under high pressure. DO NOT USE ANY PORTION OF
THE CHARGE FOR PURGING OR LEAK TESTING.
Installation or servicing should only be performed by
qualified trained personnel thoroughly familiar with this
type equipment.
• Fully annealed, refrigerant grade copper tubing should
be used when installing the system. Refrigerant suction
line tubing should be fully insulated.
• Installation of equipment may require brazing
operations. Installer must comply with safety codes
and wear appropriate safety equipment (safety glasses,
work gloves, fire extinguisher, etc.) when performing
brazing operations.
• This unit is designed for outdoor installations only and
should be located as descibed on page 7.
• Follow all precautions in the literature, on tags, and
on labels provided with the equipment. Read and
thoroughly understand the instructions provided with
the equipment prior to performing the installation and
operational checkout of the equipment.
HEAT PUMP INSTALLATION
General Information
The T5BP series heat pump is designed only for outdoor
rooftop or ground level installations. This unit has been
tested for capacity and efficiency in accordance with
A.R.I. Standards and will provide many years of safe
and dependable comfort, providing it is properly installed
and maintained. Abuse, improper use, and/or improper
maintenance can shorten the life of the appliance and
create unsafe hazards.
To achieve optimum performance and minimize equipment
failure, it is recommended that periodic maintenance be
performed on this unit. The ability to properly perform
maintenance on this equipment requires certain
mechanical skills and tools.
Before You Install the Heat Pump
пѓ– The cooling load of the area to be conditioned must be
calculated and a system of the proper capacity selected.
It is recommended that the area to be conditioned be
completely insulated and vapor sealed.
пѓ– Check the electrical supply and verify the power supply
is adequate for unit operation.The system must be wired
and provided with circuit protection in accordance with
local building codes. If there is any question concerning
the power supply, contact the local power company.
пѓ– The indoor section (air handler, furnace, etc) should be
installed before routing the refrigerant tubing. Refer to
the indoor unit's installation instructions for installation
details.
пѓ– All units are securely packed at the time of shipment and
upon arrival should be carefully inspected for damage
prior to installing the equipment at the job site. Verify
coil fins are straight. If necessary, comb fins to remove
flattened or bent fins. Claims for damage (apparent or
concealed) should be filed immediately with the carrier.
пѓ– Please consult your dealer for maintenance information
and availability of maintenance contracts. Please read
all instructions before installing the unit.
Locating the Heat Pump
• Survey the job site to determine the best location for
mounting the outdoor unit.
• Overhead obstructions, poorly ventilated areas, and
areas subject to accumulation of debris should be
avoided.
• Sufficient clearance for unobstructed airflow through the
outdoor coil must be maintained in order to achieve rated
performance. See Figure 2 for minimum clearances to
obstructions.
• Consideration should be given to availability of electric
power, service access, noise, and shade.
18"
TOP OF UNIT
TO BE
UNOBSTRUCTED
18"
18"
18"
Figure 2. Clearance Requirements
Packaging Removal
Locate and remove all screws securing the unit to the
shipping skid. NOTE: To prevent damage to the tubing
connections, carefully remove the carton and user’s
manual from the equipment. Discard the shipping carton.
Rigging and Hoisting
WARNING:
To avoid the risk of property damage, personal
injury, or death, it is the rigger’s responsibility
to ensure that whatever means are used to hoist
the unit are safe and adequate:
• The lifting equipment must be adequate for the
load. Refer to Table 3 (page 14) for unit weights.
• The unit must be lifted from the holes in the
base rails using cables or chains.
• Spreader bars are required to protect the unit
and ensure even loading.
• Keep the unit in an upright position at all times.
• All panels must be securely in place during
rigging and hoisting.
Rooftop
Rooftop installations must be located according to local
building codes or ordinances and these requirements:
• Units may be installed on Class A, B, or C roof covering
material. The roof must be capable of handling the
weight of the unit. For unit weights, see Table 3.
Reinforce the roof if necessary.
• Secure optional mounting pad or frame to roof using
acceptable mechanical methods per local codes.
7
Ground Level
Ground level installations must be located according to
local building codes or ordinances and these requirements:
• Clearances must be in accordance with those shown
in Figure 2 (page 7).
• A suitable mounting pad (Figure 3) must be provided
and be separate from the building foundation. The
pad must be level and strong enough to support the
unit’s weight. The slab height must be a minimum of 2”
(5 cm) above grade and with adequate drainage.
Connecting Refrigerant Tubing Between the Indoor
& Outdoor Unit
CAUTION:
This system uses R-410A refrigerant with POE
oil. When servicing, cover or seal openings to
minimize the exposure of the refrigerant system
to air to prevent accumulation of moisture and
other contaminants.
After outdoor and indoor unit placement has been
determined, route refrigerant tubing between the
equipment in accordance with sound installation practices.
• When connecting refrigerant linesets together, it is
recommended that dry nitrogen be flowing through the
joints during brazing.This will prevent internal oxidation
and scaling from occurring.
• Refrigerant tubing should be routed in a manner that
minimizes the length of tubing and the number of bends
in the tubing.
• Refrigerant tubing should be supported in a manner
that the tubing will not vibrate or abrade during system
operation.
• Tubing should be kept clean of foreign debris during
installation.
• Every effort should be made by the installer to ensure
that the field installed refrigerant containing components
of the system have been installed in accordance with
these instructions and sound installation practices to
insure reliable system operation and longevity.
• The maximum recommended interconnecting
refrigerant line lengths are listed in Table 4 (page 15).
The vertical elevation difference between the indoor
and outdoor sections should not exceed 20 feet.
• If precise forming of refrigerant lines is required, a
copper tubing bender is recommended. Avoid sharp
bends and contact of the refrigerant lines with metal
surfaces.
• A filter dryer is provided with the unit and must be
installed in the liquid line of the system. If the installation
replaces a system with a filter dryer already present
in the liquid line, the filter dryer must be replaced with
the one supplied with the unit. The filter dryer must be
installed in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s
installation instructions.
• Optional equipment such as liquid line solenoid
valves, low ambient, etc., should be installed in
strict accordance with the manufacturer’s installation
instructions.
2”
Figure 3. Ground Level Installation
8
ELECTRICAL WIRING
WARNING:
To avoid risk of electrical shock, personal
injury, or death, disconnect all electrical power
to the unit before performing any maintenance
or service. The unit may have more than one
electrical supply.
Label all wires prior to disconnection when
servicing the unit. Wiring errors can cause
improper and dangerous operation
• All electrical connections must be in compliance with
all applicable local codes and ordinances, and with
the current revision of the National Electric Code
(ANSI/NFPA 70).
• For Canadian installations the electrical connections
and grounding shall comply with the current Canadian
Electrical Code (CSA C22.1 and/or local codes).
Pre-Electrical Checklist:
пѓ– Verify that the voltage, frequency, and phase of the
supply source match the specifications on the unit
rating plate. Refer to Table 4 (page 15).
пѓ– Verify that the service provided by the utility is sufficient
to handle the additional load imposed by this equipment.
Refer to the unit wiring label for proper high and low
voltage wiring.
пѓ– Verify factory wiring is in accordance with the unit
wiring diagram (Figure 6, page 16). Inspect for loose
connections.
пѓ– Phase balance on 3 phase units must always be
checked. See Unbalanced 3-Phase Supply Voltage
section (page 10).
Line Voltage
• A wiring diagram is located on the inside cover of the
electrical box of the outdoor unit. The installer should
become familiar with the wiring diagram before making
any electrical connections to the outdoor unit.
• An electrical disconnect must be located within
sight of and readily accessible to the unit. This
switch shall be capable of electrically de-energizing
the outdoor unit.
• Line voltage to the unit should be supplied from a
dedicated branch circuit containing the correct fuse
or circuit breaker for the unit. Incoming field wiring
and minimum size of electrical conductors and circuit
protection must be in compliance with information listed
on the outdoor unit data label. Any other wiring methods
must be acceptable to authority having jurisdiction.
• The outdoor unit requires both power and control circuit
electrical connections. Refer to the wiring diagram /
schematic (Figures 6 & 7) for identification and location
of outdoor unit field wiring interfaces. Make all electrical
•
•
•
•
•
connections in accordance with all applicable codes
and ordinances.
Overcurrent protection must be provided at the branch
circuit distribution panel and sized as shown on the unit
rating label and according to applicable local codes.
See the unit rating plate for minimum circuit ampacity
and maximum overcurrent protection limits.
Provide power supply for the unit in accordance with the
unit wiring diagram, and the unit rating plate. Connect
the line-voltage leads to the terminals on the contactor
inside the control compartment.
Use only copper wire for the line voltage power supply
to this unit as listed in Table 1. Use proper code agency
listed conduit and a conduit connector for connecting
the supply wires to the unit. Use of rain tight conduit
is recommended.
208/230 Volt units are shipped from the factory wired
for 230 volt operation. For 208V operation, remove the
lead from the transformer terminal marked 240V and
connect it to the terminal marked 208V.
Optional equipment requiring connection to the power
or control circuits must be wired in strict accordance
of the NEC (ANSI/NFPA 70), applicable local codes,
and the instructions provided with the equipment.
Grounding
WARNING:
The unit cabinet must have an uninterrupted or
unbroken electrical ground to minimize personal
injury if an electrical fault should occur. Do not
use gas piping as an electrical ground!
This unit must be electrically grounded in accordance
with local codes or, in the absence of local codes, with
the National Electrical Code (ANSI/NFPA 70) or the CSA
C22.1 Electrical Code. Use the grounding lug provided in
the control box for grounding the unit.
COPPER WIRE SIZE — AWG
(1% Voltage Drop)
Supply Wire Length-Feet
200
6
4
4
4
3
3
2
2
2
1
150
8
6
6
4
4
4
3
3
3
2
100
10
8
8
6
6
6
4
4
4
3
50
14
12
10
10
8
8
6
6
6
4
Supply Circuit
Ampacity
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
Wire Size based on N.E.C. for 60В° type copper conductors.
Table 1. Copper Wire Size
9
Unbalanced 3-Phase Supply Voltage
Voltage unbalance occurs when the voltages of all phases
of a 3-phase power supply are no longer equal. This
unbalance reduces motor efficiency and performance.
Some underlying causes of voltage unbalance may include:
Lack of symmetry in transmission lines, large single-phase
loads, and unbalanced or overloaded transformers. A
motor should never be operated when a phase imbalance
in supply is greater than 2%.
Perform the following steps to determine the percentage
of voltage imbalance:
1. M e a s u r e t h e l i n e
voltages of your 3-phase
power supply where it
enters the building and
at a location that will
only be dedicated to the
unit installation (at the
units circuit protection
or disconnect).
Example:
AB = 451V
BC = 460V
AC = 453V
2. Determine the average voltage in the power supply.
In this example, the measured line voltages were
451, 460, and 453. The average would be 454 volts
(451 + 460 + 453 = 1,364 / 3 = 454).
3. Determine the maximum deviation:
Example:
From the values given in step 1, the BC voltage
(460V) is the greatest difference in value from
the average:
Highest Value
460 - 454 = 6
454 - 451 = 3
454 - 453 = 1
4. Determine percent of
voltage imbalance by
using the results from
steps 2 & 3 in the
following equation.
% Voltage Imbalance = 100 x
Example:
100 x
6
= 1.32%
454
max voltage deviation
from average voltage
average voltage
The amount of phase imbalance (1.32%) is satisfactory
since the amount is lower than the maximum allowable
2%. Please contact your local electric utility company if
your voltage imbalance is more than 2%.
10
Thermostat Connections
• Thermostat connections should be made in accordance
with the instructions supplied with the thermostat and
the indoor equipment.
• Single stage or two-stage thermostats can be used
with this equipment depending on optional accessories
(i.e. economizer) installed with the unit. Select a
thermostat that operates in conjunction with the installed
accessories. A typical commercial installation with a
heat pump thermostat and air handler (with & without
an economizer) is shown in Figure 7 (page 17).
• The outdoor unit is designed to operate from a 24 VAC
Class II control circuit. The control circuit wiring must
comply with the current provisions of the NEC (ANSI/
NFPA 70) and with applicable local codes having
jurisdiction.
• The low voltage wires must be properly connected to
the units low voltage terminal block. Recommended
wire gauge and wire lengths for typical thermostat
connections are listed in Table 2.
• The thermostat should be mounted about 5 feet
above the floor on an inside wall. DO NOT install the
thermostat on an outside wall or any other location
where its operation may be adversely affected by radiant
heat from fireplaces, sunlight, or lighting fixtures, and
convective heat from warm air registers or electrical
appliances. Refer to the thermostat manufacturer’s
instruction sheet for detailed mounting and installation
information.
Thermostat
Wire Gauge
Recommended T-Stat Wire
Length (Unit to T-Stat)
2-Wire
(Heating)
5-Wire
(Heating/Cooling)
24
55
25
22
90
45
20
140
70
18
225
110
Table 2. Thermostat Wire Gauge
Defrost Cycle Timer
The defrost cycle timer controls the time interval of the hot
gas defrost after the defrost sensor closes. It is located
in the lower left corner of the defrost control board on the
low voltage side of the control box. Three interval settings
are available: 30 minutes, 60 minutes, and 90 minutes.
Time setting selection is dependent on the climate where
the unit is being installed.
• Example 1: Dry climate of Southern Arizona - A 90
minute setting is recommended.
• Example 2: Moist climate of Seattle, Washington - A
30 minute setting is recommended.
To set the cycle timer, place the timing pin on the defrost
control board to the desired time interval post. NOTE: All
units are shipped from the factory with the default time
setting of 30 minutes.
Defrost Control Board
Operational Information
• Terminals R - C must have 24V present between
them for the time delay and defrost sequences to be
operational.
• Jumping the T2 - DFT test pins will communicate to
the board that the defrost thermostat is closed (if the
compressor is running). The defrost T-stat tells the
board whether a defrost cycle needs to be started or
terminated.
NOTE: The defrost T-stat is closed at 32В° F or below
and is open at 68° F or above, but it’s state is unknown
if the temperature is between 32В° F and 68В° F.
• With the DFT closed, the unit will run for 30/60/90
minutes in heat mode and then defrost the outdoor
coil. The defrost will turn off the outdoor fan, turn on
the compressor, and raise the coil temperature to 68В°
F. This will open the DFT and terminate the defrost. If
the DFT does not open, the defrost will end after 10
minutes.
• Jumping the TEST terminal to the C (common) terminal
(while the compressor is in heat mode) will over-ride
the defrost board and initiate a faster defrost test in
5, 10 or 15 seconds as determined by the 30, 60 or
90 minute defrost pin settings (factory setting is 30
minutes).
- This also bypasses the compressor off delay when
the unit goes into defrost test. If unit is kept in defrost
test, the delay will be bypassed when the test is
terminated by the processor.
on the Test to common pins permanently, the defrost
cycle will be inoperable.
Defrost Test Procedure
1. Jumper T2 to DFT at the test terminals.
2. With unit running in heat mode, jump the TEST terminal
to the C (common) terminal near it. The board will
speed up and enter defrost mode in 5/10/15 seconds,
depending on the defrost time selection. Compressor
delay will not function during speed-up. NOTE: Manually
initiating a defrost will cause the compressor to run
continually when entering defrost.
3. This test will end in 5 seconds if the TEST - common
short is not removed.
4. Remove both the short and the T2 to DFT jumper to
terminate the defrost cycle.The 30 second compressor
delay should operate normally.
5. Test is complete, reset thermostat to the equipment
owner's preference.
Optional Electric Heater Kits
Optional field-installed electric heater kits are available in
10 kw through 36 kw heating capacities. Split System Heat
Pumps are designed to allow optional auxiliary electric
heat to be field installed as required by the building’s
particular heating load. The options available for each
unit are shown in the heater kit installation instructions.
Install the heater kits as directed by the instructions
supplied with the heater kit. Follow all cautions and
warnings as directed.
NOTE: If the jumper is removed before the test is over,
the processor will perform the remainder of a normal
defrost as noted above.
• The delay/no-delay pin affects compressor operation
during defrosts. The default setting is delay. To switch
from delay to no-delay, remove the pin from the delay
pin location and move it to the no-delay pin location.
- Scroll compressors that have noise issues while
going into or coming out of defrost should use this
30 second delay to reduce the defrost noise.
Normal Defrost Procedure
To test normal defrost operation when the temperature is
above 35В° F, jumper R to DFT on the board and allow the
unit to run for 30 minutes. Defrost will continue until the
R to DFT jumper is removed or for 10 minutes. Remove
the jumper.
The 5 minute time delay feature can be shortened 1 time
to 1 second by jumping the Test to C terminal. Remove
the jumper and repeat as desired. NOTE: If jumper is left
11
START UP & ADJUSTMENTS
Pre-Start Check List
пѓ– Verify the unit is level and allows condensate to drain.
пѓ– Verify the outdoor coil and top of the unit are free from
obstructions and debris, and all equipment access/
control panels are in place.
пѓ– Verify that the duct work is sealed to prevent air leakage.
пѓ– Verify that the line voltage power leads are securely
connected and the unit is properly grounded.
пѓ– Verify that the low voltage wires are securely connected
to the correct leads on the low voltage terminal strip.
пѓ– Verify that the power supply branch circuit overcurrent
protection is sized properly.
пѓ– Verify that the thermostat is wired correctly.
Start-Up Procedures
WARNING:
This unit is equipped with a crankcase heater.
Allow 24 hours prior to continuing the start up
procedures to allow for heating of the refrigerant
compressor crankcase. Failure to comply may
result in damage and could cause premature
failure of the system. This warning should be
followed at initial start up and any time the power
has been removed for 12 hours or longer.
The thermostat function switch should be set to OFF and
the thermostat fan switch should be set to AUTO. Close
all electrical disconnects to energize the system.
Air Circulation - Indoor Blower
1. Set the thermostat system mode on OFF and the fan
mode to ON.
2. Verify the blower runs continuously. Check the air
delivery at the supply registers and adjust register
openings for balanced air distribution. If insufficient
air is detected, examine ductwork for leaks or
obstructions.
3. Set the thermostat fan mode to AUTO and verify the
blower stops running.
NOTE: On 3 phase air handler models only - If blower
is spinning opposite of arrow direction, shut off the
main power to the unit and switch any two field wires
at the disconnect. DO NOT alter unit wiring.
Short Cycle Protection
1. Set the thermostat system mode to COOL. Note the
temperature setting of the thermostat and gradually
raise the set-point temperature until the unit deenergizes.
2. Immediately lower the set point temperature of the
thermostat to its original setting and verify that the
indoor blower is energized and outdoor unit remains
de-energized.
12
3. After approximately 5 minutes, verify the compressor
and fan energize and the temperature of the discharge
air is cooler than the room temperature.
System Cooling
1. Set the thermostat’s system mode to COOL and the
fan mode to AUTO. Gradually lower the thermostat
temperature setpoint below room temperature and
verify the outdoor unit and indoor blower energize.
2. Verify blower wheel is spinning in direction indicated
by arrow. Feel the air being circulated by the indoor
blower and verify that it is cooler than ambient
temperature. Listen for any unusual noises. If unusual
sounds occur, determine the source of the noise and
correct as necessary.
3. Verify HI and LO refrigerant pressures.
NOTE: If refrigerant pressures are abnormal and
the compressor is rotating backwards, shut off main
power to the unit and switch any two field wires at
the disconnect. DO NOT alter unit wiring.
4. Allow the system to operate for several minutes
and then set the temperature selector above room
temperature. Verify the fan and compressor cycle off
with the thermostat. NOTE: The blower should also
stop unless fan switch is set to the ON position.
System Heating
1. Set the thermostat's system mode to HEAT and the
temperature mode to below room temperature.
2. Verify the outdoor unit and indoor fan stop running.
After 5 minutes, increase the temperature on the
thermostat to it's maximum setting.
3. Verify the outdoor unit and indoor blower energize.
Feel the air being circulated by the indoor blower and
verify that it is warmer than ambient temperature.
Listen for any unusual noises. If unusual sounds
occur, determine the source of the noise and correct
as necessary.
Refrigerant Charging
WARNING:
T5BP Split System Heat Pumps leave the factory
with a 90 oz. (5.63 Lbs.) R410A refrigerant holding
charge. Follow these charging instructions for
maximum unit performance and efficiency. Some
local codes require licensed installation/service
personnel to service this type of equipment.
Refrigerant charging must be done by qualified
personnel familiar with safe and environmentally
responsible refrigerant handling procedures.
Under no circumstances should the owner
attempt to install and/or service this equipment.
Failure to comply with this warning could result
in property damage, personal injury, or death.
After refrigerant line connections are completed, it is
required that you leak check and evacuate the indoor
section and all line connections (using proper methods)
before finalizing the full system refrigerant charge. For
final charges based on matched systems and specified
line lengths, see physical and electrical specifications
(Table 4, page 15).
• To achieve rated capacity and efficiency, the compressor
must be exposed to refrigerant for at least 24 hours
prior to running and then the compressor must be run
for a minimum of 12 hours.
• Cooling mode charging charts are applicable only to
matched assemblies of NORDYNE equipment and
listed airflows for the indoor coil. T5BP outdoor units
with indoor coils not listed are not recommended
and deviations from rated airflows or non-listed
combinations may require modification to the expansion
device and refrigerant charging procedures for proper
and efficient system operation. Refer to Figure 8 for
7.5 ton units or Figure 9 for 10 ton units (page 19).
• The refrigerant charge can be checked and adjusted
through the service ports provided external to the
outdoor unit. Use only gage line sets which have
a “Schrader” depression device present to actuate
the valve. A common suction port for heating mode
charging is included and located on the compressor
access panel above the outdoor unit service valves.
• Heat mode verification charts are provided for quick
reference when the unit is in heating mode and for the
inspection of the liquid line pressures and temperatures.
Refer to Figure 10 for 7.5 ton units or Figure 11 for 10
ton units (page 21).
Charging an R410A system in AC mode at outdoor
temperatures above 55В° F for optimized sub-cooling of
10В° F to 12В° F.
1. With the system operating at steady-state, measure
the liquid refrigerant pressure (in PSIG) at the outdoor
unit service valve.
2. Measure the liquid refrigerant temperature (in
Fahrenheit) at the service valve.
3. Determine the required liquid refrigerant pressure
from the appropriate charging chart (Figures 8 or 9).
• If the pressure measured in Step 1 is greater than
the required liquid refrigerant pressure determined in
Step 3, then there is too much charge in the system.
Remove refrigerant and repeat Steps 1 through 3
until the system is correctly charged.
• If the pressure measured in Step 1 is less than the
required liquid refrigerant pressure determined in
Step 3, there is too little charge in the system. Add
refrigerant and repeat Steps 1 through 3 until the
system is correctly charged.
HEAT PUMP MAINTENANCE
WARNING:
To prevent electrical shock, personal injury, or
death, disconnect all electrical power to the unit
before performing any maintenance or service.
The unit may have more than one electrical
supply.
Proper maintenance is important to achieve optimum
performance from the heat pump. The ability to properly
perform maintenance on this equipment requires certain
mechanical skills and tools. If you do not possess these
skills, contact your dealer for maintenance. Consult your
local dealer about the availability of maintenance contracts.
Routine maintenance should include the following:
• Inspect and clean or replace air filters at the beginning
of each heating and cooling season, or more frequently
if required.
• Inspect the condensate drain and outdoor coil at the
beginning of each cooling season. Remove any debris.
Clean the outdoor coil and louvers as necessary using
a mild detergent and water. Rinse thoroughly with water.
• Inspect the electrical connections for tightness at the
beginning of each heating and cooling season. Service
as necessary.
CAUTION:
The unit should never be operated without a
filter in the return air system. Replace disposable
filters with the same type and size.
• Do not attempt to add additional oil to motors
unequipped with oil tubes. The compressor is
hermetically sealed at the factory and does not require
lubrication.
REPLACEMENT PARTS
Replacement parts are available through all Nordyne distributors.
Please have the complete model and serial number of the unit
when ordering replacement parts.
ELECTRICAL:
Capacitors
Temperature Limit Switches
Compressors
Thermostats
Contactors
Time Delay Relays
Pressure Switches
Transformers
Relays
MOTORS:
Blower Motor
Fan Motor
COMPONENTS:
Blower Assembly
Fan Grille
Cabinet Panels
Expansion Valves
Filter/Driers
13
COMPONENT FUNCTIONS
Defrost Control Board
This control includes - 5 minute anti-short cycle timer
protection for Stage 1 Heat/Cool, defrost time interval
selection, and reversing valve, outdoor fan, and auxiliary
heat operation during defrost control. See page 11.
outdoor unit. The switch will close again once the liquid
pressure decreases to 460 psig. Please note that the switch
interrupts the thermostat inputs to the unit. Thus, when
the switch opens and then closes, there will be a 5 minute
short cycling delay before the outdoor unit will energize.
Defrost Temperature Sensor
The switch can be located on either end of the outdoor coil.
The switch is a non-adjustable, sealed, bi-metal sensor
set to open at 68В° F and closes at 30В° F. When closed,
the compressor run time is accumulated and initiates coil
defrost dependent on time interval selected.
Low Pressure Switch (LPS)
A low-pressure switch is factory-installed and located in
the suction line internal to the outdoor unit. The switch
is designed to protect the compressor from a loss of
charge. Under normal conditions, the switch is closed. If
the suction pressure falls below 5 psig, then the switch
will open and de-energize the outdoor unit. The switch will
close again once the suction pressure increases above 20
psig. Please note that the switch interrupts the thermostat
inputs to the unit. Thus, when the switch opens and then
closes, there will be a 5 minute short cycling delay before
the outdoor unit will energize.
High Pressure Switch (HPS)
A high-pressure switch is factory-installed and located in the
liquid line internal to the outdoor unit.The switch is designed
to protect the system when very high pressures occur
during abnormal conditions. Under normal conditions,
the switch is closed. If the liquid pressure rises above
650 psig, then the switch will open and de-energize the
FIGURES & TABLES
DO NOT OBSTRUCT TOP OF UNIT
Allow 6' Minimum Clearance
W
D
H
Figure 5. T5BP Heat Pump Dimensions
Model
Number
T5BP-
Without Packaging
Shipping Weight
090C
090D
120C
120D
390
390
427
427
424
424
461
461
Unit Weights (Lbs.)
Height -H-
Width -W-
Shipping Height
All dimensions in inches
44 1/4
44 1/4
52 1/4
52 1/4
37 1/2
37 1/2
37 1/2
37 1/2
Table 3. Unit Dimensions & Shipping Weights
14
Depth -D-
37 1/2
37 1/2
37 1/2
37 1/2
50
50
58
58
ELECTRICAL INFORMATION
Model
Number
T5BP-
090C
090D
120C
208-230V
460V
208-230V
120D
460V
920892
920893
920894
920895
PERFORMANCE DATA
Gross Cooling Capacity (95oF) Btuh
92,400
92,400
120,700
120,700
1
Net Cooling Capacity - Btuh
90,000
90,000
116,000
116,000
1
A.R.I. Rated Airflow - C.F.M.
3,000
3,000
4,000
4,000
2
Cooling - Efficiency E.E.R. (Btu/Watt)
11.00
11.00
11.00
11.00
3
Cooling - Efficiency I.E.E.R.
11.80
11.80
11.50
11.50
86,000
86,000
107,000
107,000
3.30
3.30
3.30
3.30
54,000
54,000
70,000
70,000
2.40
2.40
2.40
Gross Heating Capacity (47ЛљF) - Btuh
4
Heating - Efficiency - C.O.P.
Gross Heating Capacity (17ЛљF) - Btuh
4
Heating - Efficiency - C.O.P.
2.40
ELECTRICAL RATINGS
Volts / Phase / Hz.
208-230 / 3 / 60
460 / 3 / 60
208-230 / 3 / 60
460 / 3 / 60
Operating Voltage
187-253
414-506
187-253
414-506
Unit Rated Ampacity
28.3
13.9
33.4
18.4
Minimum Circuit Ampacity (MCA)
34.6
17.0
40.9
22.6
5
Max. Overcurrent Protection (MOP)
50
25
70
35
1 ea.
1 ea.
1 ea.
1 ea.
Compressor(s) (Scrolls)
ZP83KCE-TF5
ZP83KCE-TFD
ZP103KCE-TF5
ZP103KCE-TFD
Volts / Phase /Hz.
208-230 / 3 / 60
460 / 3 / 60
208-230 / 3 / 60
460 / 3 / 60
Rated Load Amps (RLA)
25.0
12.2
30.1
16.7
Lock Rotor Amps (LRA)
164
100
225
114
1 / 100
1 / 100
1 / 100
1 / 100
1 / Band
1 / Band
1 / Band
1 / Band
1 ea.
1 ea.
1 ea.
1 ea.
Volts / Phase /Hz.
208-230 / 1 / 60
460 / 1 / 60
208-230 / 1 / 60
460 / 1 / 60
Motor - HP / RPM
3/4 - 875
3/4 - 875
3/4 - 875
3/4 - 875
3.3
1.7
3.3
1.7
Fan Blade - Diameter / Pitch / # Blades
30” / 22 / 3
30” / 22 / 3
30” / 26 / 3
30” / 26 / 3
RPM / CFM (Max. - Total)
850 - 7,200
850 - 7,200
850 - 8,000
850 - 8,000
Compressor Data:
Stages / Percent
Crankcase Heater - Qty. / Type
Outdoor Fan Assembly:
Motor Amps
PHYSICAL DATA & REFRIGERANT SPECS
Outdoor Coil Assembly:
1 ea.
1 ea.
1 ea.
1 ea.
Area (Ft.2)
31.94
31.94
38.33
38.33
Rows - FPI
Tube Diameter
Refrigerant Suction Line - Length / OD
Refrigerant Liquid Line - Length / OD
Refrigerant Charge
Holding Charge - (oz.)
6
Total System with 25’ Line Set
High Pressure Switch (PSIG)
Loss of Charge Pressure Switch (PSIG)
2 - 16
2 - 16
2 - 18
2 - 18
3/8” OD
3/8” OD
3/8” OD
3/8” OD
0 - 100 Ft. / 1-3/8” (7)
0 - 100 Ft. / 1-3/8” (7)
0 - 75 Ft. / 1-1/8”
0 - 75 Ft. / 1-1/8”
76 - 100 Ft. / 1-3/8” (7)
76 - 100 Ft. / 1-3/8” (7)
All Lengths - 5/8” OD
All Lengths - 5/8” OD
All Lengths - 5/8” OD
All Lengths - 5/8” OD
R410A
R410A
R410A
R410A
90
90
90
90
480
480
528
528
Cut Out: 650 +/- 15
Cut In: 460 +/- 15
Cut Out: 5 +/- 5
Cut In: 20 +/- 5
NOTE: Net capacity includes indoor blower motor heat deduction. Gross capacity does not include indoor blower motor heat deduction.
1
Certified in accordance w/ A.R.I. Standard 340/360 at 95В° F Outdoor DB and 80В° F db/67В° F wb evaporator entering air at minimum
external duct static pressures allowed by the standard.
2
E.E.R. - Energy Efficiency Ratio. E.E.R. is determined @ 95ЛљF Outdoor DB & 80ЛљF DB / 67ЛљF WB Air Indoor
3
I.E.E.R. - Integrated Energy Efficiency Ratio. Certified in accordance with A.R.I. Standard 340/360.
4
C.O.P. - Coefficient of Performance.
5
Delay Fuse or HACR Type Circuit Breakers can be used.
6
Add / Subtract 9.0 oz. of refrigerant per 5 Ft. change in length from original 25 Ft. lineset total system charge.
7
Requires a 1-3/8” to 1-1/8” reducer line to unit.
Table 4. Electrical Specifications & Physical Data - 11.0 E.E.R. - 3 Phase / 60 Hz
15
C
Y
O
W2
R
E
CAPACITOR
CC
R
LPS
CC
RVS
HPS
CC
CAS
3
DF1
LOGIC
DF2
CC
DEFROST CONTROL
BOARD
C
T2
T1
Y
R
1
W2
1
O
4
DFT
2
L3
CCH
L1
COMPRESSOR
L2
RELAY
DFT
C
OUTDOOR
FAN MOTOR
S
L2
3
1
T3
T1
6
5
THREE PHASE
FIELD SUPPLY
L1
T3
L3
T2
L2
LOW PRESSURE
SWITCH
GRD
L1
L2
L3
BLACK
BLACK
SEE NOTE 7
BLACK
AUX.
SWITCH
YELLOW
BLACK
ORANGE
T1
ORANGE
BLACK
BLACK
CAPACITOR
PURPLE
RED
4
2
BLACK
460
230
208
24V
SECONDARY
BROWN
BROWN
C
Y
T2 C
Y
DFT
DFT2
DFT1
O
E
DEFROST
CONTROL
BOARD
W2 R
O W2 R DFT E
REV
VALVE
BLUE
09/09
7109690
YELLOW
HIGH PRESSURE
SWITCH
T1
RED
BLACK
BLUE
BROWN
¢710969V¤
YELLOW
SEE NOTE 8
SEE NOTE 9
PRIMARY
Three Phase
1. Couper le courant avant de faire letretien.
2. Employez uniquement des conducteurs en cuivre
3. Ne convient pas aux installations de plus de 150
volt a la terre.
CONTACTOR
TRANSFORMER
7. Wires connected to normally closed contacts.
8. Transformer primary connection will match unit
rated voltage.
9. For 208V operation remove white wire from 230V tap
and place on 208V tap.
COMPRESSOR
T2
RELAY
OUTDOOR
FAN MOTOR
DEFROST BOARD OPERATION
4)With DFT closed and “Y” closed, compressor run time is
1)Closes during defrost.
accumulated. Opening of DFT during defrost or interval
Rating: 1 Amp. Max.
period resets the interval to 0.
2)Opens during defrost.
Rating: 2 HP. at 230 Vac Max. 5)Ground on location provided inside compressor
terminal box.
3)Closed when “Y” is on. Open
when “Y” is off. Provides “off ”
delay time of 5 mins. when
CC - Contactor Coil
“Y” opens.
CCH - Crankcase Heat
LEGEND:
DFT - Defrost Thermostat
RVS - Reversing Valve Solenoid
FIELD WIRING
LPS - Low Pressure Switch
LOW VOLTAGE
HPS - High Pressure Switch
HIGH VOLTAGE
CAS- Contactor Auxilliary Switch (1NO/1NC)
LOW VOLTAGE
TERMINAL
T3
T3
L1
L3
BLACK
NOTES:
1. Disconnect all power before servicing.
2. For supply connections, use copper conductors only.
3. Not suitable on systems that exceed 150 volts to ground.
4. For replacement wires, use conductors suitable for 105В°C
5. For supply wire ampacities and overcurrent protection, see unit data label.
6. Furnace/Air Handler w/factory equipped 24V control circuit transformers,
should be modified/rewired to ONLY use 24V transformer from outdoor
section. See installation instructions for typical modifications.
Commercial Split System Heat Pump
BLACK
WIRING DIAGRAM
WHITE
16
GREEN
Figure 6. T5BP Wiring Diagram
NOTES:
1. Jumper between W2 and E is required.
2. C &W2 to be connected to electric heat.
TO FIELD
SUPPLIED DISCONNECT
GND
SINGLE STAGE
HEAT PUMP THERMOSTAT
L1
R O W2 E C G Y B
L2
L3
SEE NOTE 1
BLOWER
MOTER
FREEZESTAT
BROWN
G
C
C
W2
O
R
Y
GREEN
BLACK
W2
O
R
Y
W1
SEE NOTE 2
BLACK
TERMINAL
BOARD
OUTDOOR
SECTION
AIR HANDLER
SECTION
TYPICAL HEAT PUMP THERMOSTAT CONNECTION (NO ECONOMIZER)
NOTES:
1. Jumper between W2 and E is required.
TO FIELD
SUPPLIED DISCONNECT
GND
SINGLE STAGE
HEAT PUMP THERMOSTAT
L1
R O W2 E C G Y B
L2
2. C & W2 to be connected to electric heat.
3. Remove BLACK wire from air handler low voltage terminal board
Y terminal and connect to YELLOW wire from economizer.
4. 2nd Stage refrigerant cooling with optional economizer installed. A 2
stage thermostat is required for simultaneous operation of the economizer
and refrigerant system. Connect Y2 from 2 stage thermostat to BLUE
wire from economizer. If installing an economizer in this unit, refer to the
Economizer installation instructions for proper set up and operation.
5. Heat Pump Economizer Relay. Connect B from thermostat to GREY
wire from Economizer. Required for proper operation of an economizer
(optional) in the heat pump Heating mode. If installing an economizer in
this unit, refer to the Economizer installation instructions for proper set
up and operation.
L3
SEE NOTE 1
BLOWER
MOTER
FREEZESTAT
BLACK
BROWN
SEE NOTE 5
B
Y1
GREY
C
W2
O
R
Y
GREEN
GREEN
BLACK
SEE NOTE 4 Y2
M7415A
TR 1
BLK-12”
VIO-14”
4
1
6
3
s
BLU-14”
C7400A
TR1
So
Sr
JUMPER WIRE
5
1 2
WHITE
ORANGE
BLUE
RED-12”
1S
T
T1
P
P1
RED
C7150
M.A.S.
1S
2K
3 4
RED
AIR HANDLER
SECTION
TB-11
TR
TR
YEL-18”
SEE NOTE 2
TERMINAL
BOARD
OUTDOOR
SECTION
GRN-18”
GRN-18”
BLACK
W2
O
R
Y
W1
B
9
YELLOW
SEE NOTE 3
G
C
W7459A
GRY-90”
A
7
OPTIONAL
ECONOMIZER
GRY-12”
BLK-12”
BLU-12”
T
T1MA
P1
MIN.
P POT.
TYPICAL HEAT PUMP THERMOSTAT CONNECTION (WITH ECONOMIZER)
Figure 7. Typical Heat Pump Thermostat Connections
17
T5BP CHARGING CHARTS - COOLING ONLY
Application Notes on the Use of Charging Charts
• This equipment’s cooling system contains refrigerant under high pressure. Always use safe and
environmentally sound methods when handling refrigerant handling or servicing the unit. Review the
factory literature and safety warnings prior to servicing.
• When repairing system leakages, always use a nitrogen (inert) gas to protect the refrigerant system and pressure
check the repair before re-charging. Always replace the filter-dryers when performing any repair to the refrigeration
system with one capable of acid removal. After completing the repairs, evacuate the system to 350 - 500 microns
and weigh in the refrigerant to the amount specified on the unit rating label.
• All T5BP-090/120 units are shipped from the factory with a 90 oz. holding charge refrigerant. Inspect the unit
rating label to determine the units information prior to working on the system. DO NOT mix different refrigerants
or charge the unit with a refrigerant not listed on the unit rating label.
• Charging charts are valid for a variety of indoor, return air conditions and are most influenced by the outdoor
ambient temperature, outdoor fan operation and the unit operating voltage. Before using these charts, make
sure the unit is in a stable operating mode. As shown in the charging charts (Figures 8 or 9, page 19), the ideal
system sub-cooling can vary over the range of operation. Reference the charts to determine the ideal amount of
sub-cooling for a given liquid pressure. Units charged to other values will not perform at the rated unit efficiency
(EER) or rated Coefficient of Performance (COP) in heating mode.
• To inspect a systems operation, using quality instruments, match the measured liquid temperature to the units
chart. The measured liquid pressure reading should be within 3% of the charts value for most installations.
• For systems that are operating with more than a 5% deviation, inspect the unit for the proper voltage and phase
balance and the refrigeration system for leaks.
• Units that are operating at less then 95% of the nominal voltage or with a 2% phase imbalance may see a more
significant deviation than the amount stated above.
• DO NOT use the charts in systems that have a fan cycling under low-ambient control. Refer to the low-ambient
kit instructions for more information. (If applicable)
18
T5BP Charging Chart - Cooling
7.5 Ton Split System Heat Pump w/ B5SM-090* Indoor Air Handler
525
500
475
Remove refrigerant when above curve
Liquid Pressure (psig)
450
425
400
375
350
325
300
275
250
225
Add refrigerant when below curve
200
175
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95 100
Liquid Temperature (В° F)
105
110
115
120 125
Figure 8. Charging Chart for 7.5 Ton Units
T5BP Charging Chart - Cooling
10 Ton Split System Heat Pump w/ B5SM-120* Indoor Air Handler
525
500
475
Remove refrigerant when above curve
Liquid Pressure (psig)
450
425
400
375
350
325
300
275
250
225
Add refrigerant when below curve
200
175
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95 100
Liquid Temperature (В° F)
105
110
115
120 125
Figure 9. Charging Chart for 10 Ton Units
19
T5BP HEAT MODE VERIFICATION CHARTS - HEATING ONLY
Application Notes on the use of Heating-mode charge verification charts:
• Read all notes and warnings for the Cooling-mode charging charts prior to using these Heating-mode
charge verification charts. Always use safe and environmentally sound methods when handling refrigerant
handling or servicing the unit. Review the factory literature and safety warnings prior to servicing.
• When repairing system leakages, always use a nitrogen (inert) gas to protect the refrigerant system and pressure
check the repair before re-charging. Always replace the filter-dryers when performing any repair to the refrigeration
system with one capable of acid removal. After completing the repairs, evacuate the system to 350 - 500 microns
and weigh in the refrigerant to the amount specified on the unit rating label.
• All T5BP-090/120 units are shipped from the factory with accumulators installed in the refrigeration system and
a 90 oz. factory holding charge.
• Before using the heat mode verification charts (Figures 10 or 11, page 21), determine the outdoor ambient
temperature and the return air temperature to the unit. Locate the appropriate location on the units verification
chart based on those measurements to determine the ideal liquid line pressure and temperature. Verify the outdoor
fan and compressor are running and the outdoor coil is free from frost accumulation. Also verify the system is
not operating in defrost mode before inspecting the system. NOTE: If the unit is equipped with an economizer,
determine the mixed air temperature entering the filters.
• Always use quality instruments that are in good working order to measure the actual operating point of the
refrigeration system. The liquid line temperature should be within 2 degrees of the ideal value and the pressure
should be within 2%.
• The most reliable way of verifying the system is at the correct charge is to evacuate the system and weigh in the
charge to the amount shown on the rating label. However, if an inspection with these verification charts does not
line up with the values shown and the ambient temperature is above 50Лљ F, then a more accurate way to inspect
the system for proper charge is with the cooling mode charging charts. Switch the unit into cooling mode and
allow it to operate and stabilize for a few minutes then inspect the unit operation with the cooling mode charts
and procedures.
Before changing the unit charge, always inspect the following items first:
1. Inspect the liquid line temperature on the inlet and outlet of the filter dryers. If it is the factory dryer and in good
condition there should be no temperature difference. If the О”T is larger than 5Лљ, replace the filter dryer with one
that is bi-directional and has acid removal capability. Refer to the unit RPL for the recommended part number
and size.
2. Inspect the units input voltage. Units operating at less than 95% of the nominal voltage may deviate more from
the chart then previously stated.
3. Inspect the input voltage for a phase imbalance. Units with greater then a 2% disparity will not operate at the
rated performance.
4. Verify that the unit filters are installed and are clean. The pressure drop across the filters should not exceed 0.08
in-W.C.
5. Inspect the indoor coil, indoor blower and blower motor for cleanliness, clogging, and proper operation. Verify
the drive belt is in good condition and properly tightened.
6. Inspect the system for leaks. If a leak cannot be located the system charge is probably correct. Re-inspect the
return air and ambient temperatures and verify that the correct system point on the verification chart was selected.
DO NOT use the charts in systems that have the fan cycling under a low-ambient control. Low-ambient controls are
for cooling operation. In heating mode, the low ambient control should be disabled. Unless the unit is in defrost mode,
the outdoor fan should always operate in conjunction with the compressor.
20
T5BP - 090 Heat Mode Verification Chart
550
80Лљ ID Rtn
500
70Лљ ID Rtn
62Лљ OD Amb
Liquid Pressure (psig)
450
60Лљ ID Rtn
400
47Лљ OD Amb
350
300
17Лљ OD Amb
250
200
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
Liquid Temperature (В° F)
105
110
115
120
Figure 10. Verification Chart for 7 1/2 ton units
T5BP - 120 Heat Mode Verification Chart
80Лљ ID Rtn
400
70Лљ ID Rtn
62Лљ OD Amb
Liquid Pressure (psig)
60Лљ ID Rtn
350
47Лљ OD Amb
300
17Лљ OD Amb
250
200
70.0
75.0
80.0
85.0
90.0
95.0
100.0 105.0
Liquid Temperature (В° F)
110.0
115.0
120.0
Figure 11. Verification Chart for 10 ton units
21
22
23
INSTALLATION/PERFORMANCE CHECK LIST
REFRIGERATION SYSTEM:
INSTALLATION ADDRESS:
Was unit given 24 hr warm up period
for crankcase heaters?
CITY ________________________
YES
NO
STATE ________________
UNIT MODEL # ________________________________________
Stage-1 Liquid Pressure (high side) ________________________
UNIT SERIAL # _______________________________________
Stage-1 Suction Pressure (low side) ________________________
Unit Installed Minimum clearances per
Figure 2 (page 7)?
Has the owner’s information been
reviewed with the customer?
YES
NO
Has the Literature Package been left
with the unit?
YES
NO
YES
NO
INSTALLER NAME:
CITY _______________________
STATE ________________
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM:
Electrical connections tight?
YES
NO
Line voltage polarity correct?
YES
NO
Rated Voltage: ___________________________________ VOLTS
L1-L2 Volts: _____________________________________ VOLTS
L1-L3 Volts: _____________________________________ VOLTS
L2-L3 Volts: _____________________________________ VOLTS
Avg. Volts: ______________________________________ VOLTS
Max. deviation of voltage
from avg. volts:___________________________________ VOLTS
% Volt imbalance: ________________________________ VOLTS
Blower Motor HP:________ Sheave Setting ___________# Turns
Has the thermostat been calibrated?
YES
NO
Is the thermostat level?
YES
NO
Is the heat anticipator setting correct?
(If Applicable)
YES
NO
Вў709094<В¤
O'Fallon, MO
7090940
7090940
Specifications and illustrations subject to change
without notice or incurring obligations.
Printed in U.S.A. (01/10)
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