Stratix V Avalon-ST Interface with SR-IOV PCIe Solutions - Altera

Stratix V Avalon-ST Interface with SR-IOV PCIe Solutions - Altera
Stratix V Avalon-ST Interface with SR-IOV PCIe Solutions
User Guide
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Stratix V Avalon-ST Interface with SR-IOV for PCIe Datasheet
Altera StratixВ® V FPGAs include a configurable, hardened protocol stack for PCI Express that is
compliant with PCI Express Base Specification 2.1 or 3.0. The Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express with
Single Root I/O Virtualization (SR-IOV) IP core consists of this hardened protocol stack and the SR-IOV
soft logic. The SR-IOV soft logic uses Configuration Space Bypass mode to bypass the hardened Configu‐
ration Space. It implements the following functions in soft logic:
В®
В®
• Configuration Spaces for up to 2 PCIe Physical Functions (PFs) and a maximum of 128 Virtual
Functions (VFs) for both PFs
• BAR checking logic
• Support for the following interrupt types:
• MSI for PFs
• MSI-X for PFs and VFs
• Legacy interrupts for PFs
• Support for Advanced Error Reporting (AER) for PFs
• Support for Function Level Reset (FLR) for PFs and VFs
• Support for x2, x4, and x8 links using a 128- or 256-bit Avalon-ST datapath
For details of the Configuration Space Bypass mode interface refer to the Configuration Space Bypass
Mode Interface Signals in the Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express User Guide for the Avalon Streaming
Interface
Figure 1-1: Stratix V PCIe Variant with SR-IOV
The following figure shows the high-level modules and connecting interfaces for this variant.
Application
Layer
(User Logic)
Avalon-ST
Interface
PCIe Hard IP
with SR-IOV
Block
PIPE
Interface
Serial Data
Transmission
PHY IP Core
for PCIe
(PCS/PMA)
В© 2014 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. ALTERA, ARRIA, CYCLONE, ENPIRION, MAX, MEGACORE, NIOS, QUARTUS and STRATIX words and logos are
trademarks of Altera Corporation and registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries. All other words and logos identified as
trademarks or service marks are the property of their respective holders as described at www.altera.com/common/legal.html. Altera warrants performance
of its semiconductor products to current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any
products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability arising out of the application or use of any information,
product, or service described herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera. Altera customers are advised to obtain the latest version of device
specifications before relying on any published information and before placing orders for products or services.
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Features
Table 1-1: PCI Express Data Throughput
The following table shows the aggregate bandwidth of a PCI Express link for Gen1, Gen2, and Gen3 for supported
link widths. The protocol specifies 2.5 giga-transfers per second for Gen1, 5.0 giga-transfers per second for Gen2,
and 8.0 giga-transfers per second for Gen3. This table provides bandwidths for a single transmit (TX) or receive
(RX) channel. The numbers double for duplex operation. Gen1 and Gen2 use 8B/10B encoding which introduces
a 20% overhead. In contrast, Gen3 uses 128b/130b encoding which reduces the data throughput lost to encoding
to less than 1%.
Link Width
Г—2
Г—4
Г—8
PCI Express Gen1 (2.5 Gbps) - 128-bit interface
N/A
N/A
16
PCI Express Gen2 (5.0 Gbps) - 128-bit interface
N/A
16
32
PCI Express Gen2 (5.0 Gbps) - 256-bit interface
N/A
N/A
32
PCI Express Gen3 (8.0 Gbps) - 128-bit interface
15.75
31.51
N/A
PCI Express Gen3 (8.0 Gbps) - 256-bit interface
N/A
N/A
63
Related Information
•
•
•
•
PCI Express Base Specification 2.1 or 3.0
Single Root I/O Virtualization and Sharing Specification Revision 1.1.
Stratix V Avalon-ST Interface for PCIe Solutions User Guide
Creating a System with Qsys
Features
New features in the Quartus II 14.1 software release:
В®
• Reduced Quartus II compilation warnings by 50%.
The Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express with SR-IOV supports the following features:
• Complete protocol stack including the Transaction, Data Link, and Physical Layers implemented as
hard IP.
• Support for ×2, ×4, and ×8 configurations with Gen1, Gen2, or Gen3 lane rates for Endpoints.
Downtrains to appropriate configuration when plugged into a lower bandwidth configuration,
including Gen1 x1, Gen1 x2, and so on.
• Dedicated 16 KByte receive buffer.
• Optional hard reset controller for Gen2.
• Qsys example designs demonstrating parameterization, design modules, and connectivity.
• Extended credit allocation settings to better optimize the RX buffer space based on application type.
• End-to-end cyclic redundancy code (ECRC) generation and checking and advanced error reporting
(AER) for high reliability applications.
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Features
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• Support for Configuration Space Bypass Mode, allowing you to design a custom Configuration Space
and support multiple functions.
• Support for Gen3 PIPE simulation.
• Easy to use:
• Flexible configuration.
• No license requirement.
• Example designs to get started.
Table 1-2: Feature Comparison for all Hard IP for PCI Express IP Cores
The table compares the features of the four Hard IP for PCI Express IP Cores.
Feature
Avalon‑ST Interface
Avalon‑MM
Interface
Avalon‑MM DMA
Avalon‑ST Interface with SRIOV
IP Core License Free
Free
Free
Free
Native
Endpoint
Supported
Supported
Supported
Supported
Legacy
Endpoint (1)
Supported
Not Supported
Not Supported
Not Supported
Root port
Supported
Supported
Not Supported
Not Supported
Gen1
Г—1, Г—2, Г—4, Г—8
Г—1, Г—2, Г—4, Г—8
Not Supported
Г—8
Gen2
Г—1, Г—2, Г—4, Г—8
Г—1, Г—2, Г—4, Г—8
Г—4, Г—8
Г—4, Г—8
Gen3
Г—1, Г—2, Г—4, Г—8
Г—1, Г—2, Г—4
Г—4, Г—8
Г—2, Г—4, Г—8
64-bit Applica‐ Supported
tion Layer
interface
Supported
Not supported
Not supported
128-bit
Application
Layer interface
Supported
Supported
Supported
Supported
256-bit
Application
Layer interface
Supported
Not Supported
Supported
Supported
(1)
Not recommended for new designs.
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Features
Feature
Avalon‑ST Interface
Avalon‑MM
Interface
Avalon‑MM DMA
Transaction
Layer Packet
type (TLP)
• Memory Read
Request
• Memory Read
RequestLocked
• Memory Write
Request
• I/O Read
Request
• I/O Write
Request
• Configuration
Read Request
(Root Port)
• Configuration
Write Request
(Root Port)
• Message
Request
• Message
Request with
Data Payload
• Completion
Message
• Completion
with Data
• Completion for
Locked Read
without Data
• Memory Read
Request
• Memory Write
Request
• I/O Read
Request—Root
Port only
• I/O Write
Request—Root
Port only
• Configuration
Read Request
(Root Port)
• Configuration
Write Request
(Root Port)
• Completion
Message
• Completion
with Data
• Memory Read
Request (single
dword)
• Memory Write
Request (single
dword)
• Memory Read
Request
• Memory Write
Request
• Completion
Message
• Completion
with Data
Payload size
128–2048 bytes
128–256 bytes
128, 256, 512 bytes 128–256 bytes
Number of tags 256
supported for
non-posted
requests
8
16
256
62.5 MHz clock Supported
Supported
Not Supported
Not Supported
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Avalon‑ST Interface with SRIOV
• Memory Read Request
• Memory Write
Request
• Configuration Read
Request (from Root
Port)
• Configuration Write
Request (from Root
Port)
• Message Request
• Completion Message
• Completion with Data
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Features
Feature
Avalon‑ST Interface
Avalon‑MM
Interface
Avalon‑MM DMA
1-5
Avalon‑ST Interface with SRIOV
Out-of-order
Not supported
completions
(transparent to
the Application
Layer)
Supported
Supported
Not supported
Requests that
Not supported
cross 4 KByte
address
boundary
(transparent to
the Application
Layer)
Supported
Supported
Supported
Polarity
Inversion of
PIPE interface
signals
Supported
Supported
Supported
Supported
ECRC
forwarding on
RX and TX
Supported
Not supported
Not supported
Not supported
Number of MSI 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, or 32
requests
1, 2, 4, 8, 16, or 32
1, 2, 4, 8, 16, or 32
1, 2, 4, 8, 16, or 32 (for
Physical Functions)
MSI-X
Supported
Supported
Supported
Supported
Legacy
interrupts
Supported
Supported
Supported
Supported
Expansion
ROM
Supported
Not supported
Not supported
Not supported
The Stratix V Avalon-ST Interface with SR-IOV PCIe Solutions User Guide explains how to use this IP core
and not the PCI Express protocol. Although there is inevitable overlap between these two purposes, use
this document only in conjunction with an understanding of the PCI Express Base Specification.
Note: This release provides separate user guides for the different variants. The Related Information
provides links to all versions.
Related Information
• Stratix V Avalon-MM Interface for PCIe Solutions User Guide
• Stratix V Avalon-ST Interface for PCIe Solutions User Guide
• Stratix V Avalon-ST Interface with SR-IOV for PCIe Solutions User Guide
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Release Information
• V-Series Avalon-MM DMA Interface for PCIe Solutions User Guide
Release Information
Table 1-3: Hard IP for PCI Express Release Information
Item
Description
Version
14.1
Release Date
December 2014
Ordering Codes
No ordering code is required
Product IDs
The Product ID and Vendor ID are not required
because this IP core does not require a license.
Vendor ID
Device Family Support
Table 1-4: Device Family Support
Device Family
Support
Stratix V
Preliminary. The IP core is verified with prelimi‐
nary timing models for this device family. The IP
core meets all functional requirements, but might
still be undergoing timing analysis for the device
family. It can be used in production designs with
caution.
Other device families
Refer to the Related Information below for other
device families:
Related Information
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Altera Corporation
Arria V Avalon-MM Interface for PCIe Solutions User Guide
Arria V Avalon-ST Interface for PCIe Solutions User Guide
Arria V GZ Avalon-MM Interface for PCIe Solutions User Guide
Arria V GZ Avalon-ST Interface for PCIe Solutions User Guide
Arria 10 Avalon-MM Interface for PCIe Solutions User Guide
Arria 10 Avalon-MM DMA Interface for PCIe Solutions User Guide
Arria 10 Avalon-ST Interface for PCIe Solutions User Guide
Cyclone V Avalon-MM Interface for PCIe Solutions User Guide
Cyclone V Avalon-ST Interface for PCIe Solutions User Guide
IP Compiler for PCI Express User Guide
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Example Designs
1-7
Example Designs
Altera provides example designs to familiarize you with the available functionality. Each design connects
the device under test (DUT) to an application programming platform (APP), labeled APPs in the figure
below. Certain critical parameters of the APPs component are set to match the values of the DUT. If you
change these parameters, you must change the APPs component to match. You can change the values for
all other parameters of the DUT without editing the APPs component.
In this example design, the following parameters must be set to match the values set in the DUT:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Targeted Device Family
Lanes
Lane Rate
Application Clock Rate
Port type
Application Interface
Tags supported
Maximum payload size
Total PFs
Total VFs
The following Qsys example designs are available for the Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express with SR-IOV.
You can download them from the <install_dir>/ ip/altera/altera_pcie/altera_pcie_sriov/example_design/
directory:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
sriov_top_dma_gen2_x8_128b.qsys
sriov_top_dma_gen2_x8_256b.qsys
sriov_top_dma_gen3_x8_256b.qsys
sriov_top_target_gen2_x8_256b_2pf.qsys
sriov_top_target_gen3_x8_256b_1pf_32vf.qsys
sriov_top_target_gen3_x8_256b_2pf_128vf.qsys
sriov_top_target_gen3_x8_256b_2pf_4vf.qsys
sriov_top_target_gen3_x8_256b_1pf_4vf_avmm.qsys
Related Information
Getting Started with the SR-IOV DMA Example Design on page 2-1
Debug Features
Debug features allow observation and control of the Hard IP for faster debugging of system-level
problems.
Related Information
Debugging on page 12-1
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IP Core Verification
IP Core Verification
To ensure compliance with the PCI Express specification, Altera performs extensive verification. The
simulation environment uses multiple testbenches that consist of industry-standard bus functional
models (BFMs) driving the PCI Express link interface. Altera performs the following tests in the
simulation environment:
• Directed and pseudorandom stimuli are applied to test the Application Layer interface, Configuration
Space, and all types and sizes of TLPs
• Error injection tests that inject errors in the link, TLPs, and Data Link Layer Packets (DLLPs), and
check for the proper responses
В®
• PCI-SIG Compliance Checklist tests that specifically test the items in the checklist
• Random tests that test a wide range of traffic patterns
Altera provides the following two example designs that you can leverage to test your PCBs and complete
compliance base board testing (CBB testing) at PCI-SIG.
Related Information
• PCI SIG Gen3 x8 Merged Design - Stratix V
• PCI SIG Gen2 x8 Merged Design - Stratix V
Compatibility Testing Environment
Altera has performed significant hardware testing to ensure a reliable solution. In addition, Altera
internally tests every release with motherboards and PCI Express switches from a variety of manufac‐
turers. All PCI-SIG compliance tests are run with each IP core release.
Performance and Resource Utilization
Because the PCIe protocol stack is implemented in hardened logic, it uses less than 1% of device
resources.
Table 1-5: Performance and Resource Utilization Stratix V Avalon-MM DMA for PCI Express
Number of PFs and VFs
ALMs
M20K Memory Blocks
Logic Registers
2 PFs
2000
14
4800
1 PF, 4 VFs
3000
14
5450
1 PF, 32 VFs
3250
14
5950
2 PFs, 64 VFs
3650
14
6550
2 PFs, 128 VFs
6450
14
9900
Note: Soft calibration of the transceiver module requires additional logic. The amount of logic required
depends upon the configuration.
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Recommended Speed Grades
1-9
Related Information
Fitter Resources Reports
Recommended Speed Grades
Table 1-6: Stratix V Recommended Speed Grades for All SR-IOV Configurations
Altera recommends setting the Quartus II Analysis & Synthesis Settings Optimization Technique to Speed when
the Application Layer clock frequency is 250 MHz. For information about optimizing synthesis, refer to “Setting
Up and Running Analysis and Synthesis in Quartus II Help. For more information about how to effect the
Optimization Technique settings, refer to Area and Timing Optimization in volume 2 of the Quartus II
Handbook. Refer to the Related Links below.
Link Rate
Link Width
Interface
Width
Application Clock
Frequency (MHz)
Recommended Speed Grades
Gen1
Г—8
128 Bits
125
–1, –2, –3, –4
Г—4
128 bits
125
–1, –2, –3, –4
Г—8
128 bits
250
–1, –2, –3 (2)
Г—8
256 bits
125
–1, –2, –3, –4
Г—2
128 bits
125
–1, –2, –3, –4
Г—4
128 bits
250
–1, –2, –3 (2)
Г—4
256 bits
125
–1, –2, –3,–4
Г—8
256 bits
250
–1, –2, –3 (2)
Gen2
Gen3
Related Information
• Area and Timing Optimization
• Altera Software Installation and Licensing Manual
• Setting up and Running Analysis and Synthesis
Steps in Creating a Design for PCI Express
Before you begin
Select the PCIe variant that best meets your design requirements.
(2)
The -4 speed grade is also possible for this configuration; however, it requires significant effort by the end
user to close timing.
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Steps in Creating a Design for PCI Express
•
•
•
•
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Is your design an Endpoint or Root Port?
What Generation do you intend to implement?
What link width do you intend to implement?
What bandwidth does your application require?
Does your design require CvP?
1. Select parameters for that variant.
2. Simulate using an Altera-provided example design. All of Altera's PCI Express example designs are
available under <install_dir>/ip/altera/altera_pcie/. Alternatively, create a simulation model and use your
own custom or third-party BFM. The Qsys Generate menu generates simulation models. Altera
supports ModelSimВ®-Altera for all IP. The PCIe cores support the Aldec RivieraPro, Cadence NCsim,
Mentor Graphics ModelSim, and Synopsys VCS and VCS-MX simulators.
3. Compile your design using the Quartus II software. If the versions of your design and the Quartus II
software you are running do not match, regenerate your PCIe design.
4. Download your design to an Altera development board or your own PCB. Click on the All Develop‐
ment Kits link below for a list of Altera's development boards.
В®
5. Test the hardware. You can use Altera's SignalTap II Logic Analyzer or a third-party protocol
analyzer to observe behavior.
6. Substitute your Application Layer logic for the Application Layer logic in Altera's testbench. Then
repeat Steps 3–6. In Altera's testbenches, the PCIe core is typically called the DUT (device under test).
The Application Layer logic is typically called APPS.
Related Information
• Parameter Settings on page 3-1
• Getting Started with the SR-IOV DMA Example Design on page 2-1
• All Development Kits
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The SR-IOV example design consists of an SR-IOV bridge configured for one Physical Function (PF) and
four Virtual Functions (VFs). Each VF connects to a read DMA and a write DMA engine. The examples
design simulates the Transaction, Data Link, and Physical Layers using the Altera Root Port BFM. It also
supports Quartus II compilation.
The SR-IOV Qsys example design includes three Qsys subsystems. The top-level Qsys system comprises
the following components:
• DUT: This is the Stratix VHard IP for PCI Express with SR-IOV.
• APPs: This component is a Qsys subsystem that implements a highly efficient DMA engine. Each VF
has separate descriptor controllers for read DMA and write DMA descriptors. The read DMA and
write DMA routers arbitrate requests from the descriptor controllers. They forward the selected
request to the read DMA and write DMA modules. The read DMA transfers large blocks of data from
the Avalon-ST (SR-IOV) domain to the Avalon-MM (Qsys). The write DMA Write module transfers
large blocks of data from the Avalon-MM domain to the Avalon-ST domain. Refer to the SR-IOV
Example Design Block Diagram block diagram below.
In addition to high performance data transfer, the Read DMA and Write DMA modules ensure that
the requests on the PCI link adhere to the PCI Express Base Specification, 3.0. The read and write DMA
modules also perform the following functions:
• Divide the original request into multiple requests to avoid crossing 4KByte boundaries.
• Divide the original request into multiple requests to ensure that the maximum payload size is equal
to or smaller than the maximum payload size for write.
• Divide the original request into multiple requests to ensure that the maximum read size is equal to
or smaller than the maximum read request size.
• Supports out-of-order completions when the original request is divided into multiple requests to
adhere to the maximum payload size.
• Altera PCIe Reconfig Driver IP Core: This Avalon-MM master drives the Transceiver Reconfiguration
Controller.
• Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller IP Core: The Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller
dynamically reconfigures analog settings to improve signal quality. For Gen1 and Gen2 data rates, the
Transceiver Reconfiguration performs offset cancellation and PLL calibration. For the Gen3 data rate,
the pcie_reconfig_driver_0 performs AEQ through the Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller.
В© 2014 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. ALTERA, ARRIA, CYCLONE, ENPIRION, MAX, MEGACORE, NIOS, QUARTUS and STRATIX words and logos are
trademarks of Altera Corporation and registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries. All other words and logos identified as
trademarks or service marks are the property of their respective holders as described at www.altera.com/common/legal.html. Altera warrants performance
of its semiconductor products to current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any
products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability arising out of the application or use of any information,
product, or service described herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera. Altera customers are advised to obtain the latest version of device
specifications before relying on any published information and before placing orders for products or services.
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Generating the Example Design Testbench
Figure 2-1: SR-IOV Example Design Block Diagram
sriov_top_dma_gen3_x8_256.qsys
Hard IP for PCI Express
SR-IOV Bridge
APPs - sriov_dma_app_g3x8_256b.qsys
rddc_ctl - rddc_ctl_256b.qsys
Rd_DC0
Rd_DC1
wrdc_ctl - wrdc_ctl_256b.qsys
Rd_DC2
Rd_DC3
Wr_DC0
Read DMA Router
RX Master
DMA Read
Wr_DC1
Wr_DC2
Wr_DC3
Write DMA Router
DMA Write
TX Slave
User Application Logic (On-Chip Memories)
Related Information
Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express User Guide for the Avalon Memory-Mapped Interface with DMA
Generating the Example Design Testbench
Follow these steps to generate the SR-IOV DMA example design testbench:
1. Copy <install_dir>/ ip/altera/altera_pcie/altera_pcie_sriov/example_design/sriov_top_dma_gen3_x8_256b.qsys
to your working directory. This top-level Qsys design includes three subsystems.
Qsys Subsystem
Description
sriov_dma_app_g3x8_
256b.qsys
This subsystem implements of the Read DMA read and Write DMA
modules and the Read and Write Descriptor Controllers. the DMA
engine.
rddc_ctl_256b.qsys
This subsystem implements the Read Descriptor Controller for 4 Read
DMA channels.
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Generating the Example Design Testbench
Qsys Subsystem
wrdc_ctl_256b.qsys
2-3
Description
This subsystem implements the Write Descriptor Controller for 4 Write
DMA channels.
Note: File names that include 256b have a 256-bit interface to the Application Layer. File names that
include 128b have a 128-bit interface to the Application Layer.
2. Rename the top-level Qsys file, sriov_top_dma_gen3_x8_256b.qsys, to top.qsys.
3. In your working directory, start Qsys, by typing the following command:
qsys-edit
4. Open top.qsys.
The following figure shows the Qsys system.
Figure 2-2: Top-Level Qsys System for SR-IOV Gen3 x8 DMA Example Design
5. On the Generate menu, select Generate Testbench System.
The Generation dialog box appears.
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Generating the Example Design Testbench
6. Specify the following parameters:
Table 2-1: Parameters to Specify on the Generation Menu in Qsys
Parameter
Value
Testbench System
Create testbench Qsys system
Standard, BFMs for standard Avalon interfaces
Create testbench simulation model
Verilog. This option generates simulation files for
the testbench.
Allow mixed-language simulation
Leave this option off.
Output Directory
Path
working_dir/
Testbench
working_dir/testbench/
7. Click Generate.
Qsys generates the testbench.
8. To generate files for Quartus II compilation, on the Generate menu, select Generate HDL.
The Generation dialog box appears.
9. Specify the following parameters:
Table 2-2: Parameters to Specify on the Generation Menu in Qsys
Parameter
Value
Verilog
Create HDL design files for synthesis
Verilog.
Create timing and resource estimates for thirdparty EDA synthesis tools
Leave this option off.
Create block symbol file (.bsf)
Leave this option on.
Simulation
Create simulation model.
None . (You created the simulation model when
you generated the testbench.)
Allow mixed language simulation.
Leave this option off.
Output Directory
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Understanding the Generated Files and Directories
Parameter
2-5
Value
working_dir/top
Path
10.Click Generate.
11.On the File menu, click Save.
Understanding the Generated Files and Directories
Table 2-3: Qsys Generation Output Files
Directory
Description
<testbench_dir>/<variant_name>/testbench
Includes testbench subdirectories for the Aldec,
Cadence, Mentor, and Synopsys simulation tools
with the required libraries and simulation scripts.
<testbench_dir>/<variant_name>/testbench/<cad_
vendor>
Includes the HDL source files and scripts for the
simulation testbench.
<testbench_dir>/<variant_name>/testbench/<variant_
name>_tb/simulation/submodules
Includes the HDL files for simulation.
Simulating the SR--IOV Example Design
Follow these steps to simulate the Qsys system using ModelSim:
1. In a terminal window, change to the <working_dir>/sim/mentor directory.
2. Start the ModelSim simulator by typing vsim.
3. To compile the simulation, type the following commands in the terminal window:
• do msim_setup.tcl (The msim_setup.tcl file defines aliases.
• ld_debug (The ld_debug command argument stops optimizations, improving visibility in the
ModelSim waveforms. )
• run -all
Running A Gate-Level Simulation
The PCI Express testbenches run simulations at the register transfer level (RTL). However, it is possible to
create you own gate-level simulations. Contact your Altera Sales Representative for instructions and an
example that illustrate how to create a gate-level simulation from the RTL testbench.
Getting Started with the SR-IOV DMA Example Design
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Understanding the DMA Functionality
Understanding the DMA Functionality
The following figures illustrate the DMA functionality using numbered steps.
Figure 2-3: Steps to Fetch Descriptor Table from Host Memory
sriov_top_dma_gen3_x8_256.qsys
Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express
SR-IOV Bridge
APPs - sriov_dma_app_g3x8_256b.qsys
rddc_ctl - rddc_ctl_256b.qsys
1
Rd_DC0
Rd_DC1
wrdc_ctl - wrdc_ctl_256b.qsys
Rd_DC2
Rd_DC3
Read DMA Router
Wr_DC0
Wr_DC1
Wr_DC2
Wr_DC3
3
Write DMA Router
2
4
RX Master
DMA Read
DMA Write
TX Slave
User Application Logic (On-Chip Memories)
Fetching the Descriptor Table entries includes the following steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
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The host sets up descriptor controller register table using the RX master interface.
The Descriptor Controller instructs the DMA Read module to fetch the descriptor instruction entries.
The Host returns descriptor instruction entries to the Descriptor Controller.
In response to the Descriptor Controller instruction, the DMA Read drives a Memory Read Request to
the Hard IP.
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2-7
Understanding the DMA Functionality
Figure 2-4: Steps To Perform a DMA Read
sriov_top_dma_gen3_x8_256.qsys
Hard IP for PCI Express
SR-IOV Bridge
APPs - sriov_dma_app_g3x8_256b.qsys
rddc_ctl - rddc_ctl_256b.qsys
Rd_DC0
3
5
Rd_DC1
wrdc_ctl - wrdc_ctl_256b.qsys
Rd_DC2
Rd_DC3
Read DMA Router
Wr_DC0
6
Wr_DC1
Wr_DC3
2, 6
Write DMA Router
1
RX Master
Wr_DC2
6
DMA Read
DMA Write
TX Slave
4
User Application Logic (On-Chip Memories)
The Read DMA operation includes the following steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
The Descriptor Controller sends read descriptor instruction to initiate a DMA read.
The Descriptor Controller transmits a Memory Read TLP to the host starting at the source address.
The host returns DMA read data on the Avalon-ST interface.
The DMA Read Controller writes data to the destination address in the Application Layer memory.
The DMA Read module reports done status for each descriptor to the Descriptor Controller.
When all descriptors are complete, the Descriptor Controller sets the done bit of the last entry in the
descriptor table in host memory. The DMA Read Descriptor Controller sends this update to the TX
Slave. The TX Slave drives the update to the Hard IP for PCI Express.
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Compiling the Example Design with the Quartus II Software
Figure 2-5: Steps To Perform a Write DMA
sriov_top_dma_gen3_x8_256.qsys
Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express
SR-IOV Bridge
APPs - sriov_dma_app_g3x8_256b.qsys
rddc_ctl - rddc_ctl_256b.qsys
Rd_DC0
Rd_DC1
5
wrdc_ctl - wrdc_ctl_256b.qsys
Rd_DC2
Rd_DC3
Wr_DC0
Read DMA Router
Wr_DC1
Wr_DC2
3
Wr_DC3
Write DMA Router
1
4
RX Master
DMA Read
DMA Write
TX Slave
2
User Application Logic (On-Chip Memories)
The Write DMA operation includes the following steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
The Descriptor Controller sends write descriptor instruction to initiate a DMA write.
The DMA Write reads data from the Application Layer memory.
Descriptor Controller transmits a Memory Write TLP to the host.
The DMA Write reports status for each descriptor to the Descriptor Controller.
When all descriptors are complete, the Descriptor Controller writes the ID of the last completed
descriptor to the EPLAST bit of the descriptor table.
Compiling the Example Design with the Quartus II Software
Complete the following steps to create and compile a Quartus II project.
1. In a terminal window, change to your working directory.
2. Copy the files from <install_dir>/ ip/altera/altera_pcie/altera_pcie_sriov/hw_devkit/ directory to your
working directory.
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Getting Started with the SR-IOV DMA Example Design
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Using the IP Catalog To Generate Your Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express as a Separate
Component
2-9
These files specify Synopsys Design Constraints, Quartus II design constraints, and top-level
connectivity.
3. On the Quartus II file menu, select the New Project Wizard.
a. Specify top_hw for the project name.
b. To specify design constraints, on the Tools menu, select Tcl Scripts.
The Tcl Script dialog box appears.
c. Scroll down to select top.tcl. Click run.
The Quartus II software runs the design constraints.
4. On the Processing menu, select Start compilation.
Quartus II compilation begins.
Using the IP Catalog To Generate Your Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express as
a Separate Component
You can also instantiate the Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express IP Core as a separate component for
integration into your project.
You can use the Quartus II IP Catalog and IP Parameter Editor to select, customize, and generate files
representing your custom IP variation. The IP Catalog (Tools > IP Catalog) automatically displays IP
cores available for your target device. Double-click any IP core name to launch the parameter editor and
generate files representing your IP variation.
For more information about the customizing and generating IP Cores refer to Specifying IP Core
Parameters and Options in Introduction to Altera IP Cores. For more information about upgrading older
IP cores to the current release, refer to Upgrading Outdated IP Cores in Introduction to Altera IP Cores.
Note: Your design must include the Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller IP Core and the Altera PCIe
Reconfig Driver. Refer to the figure in the Qsys Design Flow section to learn how to connect this
components.
Related Information
• Introduction to Altera IP Cores
• Managing Quartus II Projects
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System Settings
Table 3-1: System Settings for PCI Express
Parameter
Lane Rate
Value
Gen1 (2.5 Gbps)
Description
Specifies the maximum data rate at which the link can operate.
Gen2 (2.5/5.0 Gbps)
Gen3 (2.5/5.0/8.0
Gbps)
Number of Lanes
Port type
Г—1, Г—2, Г—4, Г—8
Native Endpoint
Specifies the maximum number of lanes supported.
Specifies the port type. SR-IOV is only available for the Native
Endpoint in the current release.
The Endpoint stores parameters in the Type 0 Configuration
Space.
PCI Express Base
Specification
version
Application
interface
2.1, 3.0
Avalon-ST 256-bit
Avalon-ST 128-bit
Select either the 2.1 or 3.0 specification.
This core supports either a 128- and 256-bit Avalon-ST
interface to the Application Layer.
В© 2014 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. ALTERA, ARRIA, CYCLONE, ENPIRION, MAX, MEGACORE, NIOS, QUARTUS and STRATIX words and logos are
trademarks of Altera Corporation and registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries. All other words and logos identified as
trademarks or service marks are the property of their respective holders as described at www.altera.com/common/legal.html. Altera warrants performance
of its semiconductor products to current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any
products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability arising out of the application or use of any information,
product, or service described herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera. Altera customers are advised to obtain the latest version of device
specifications before relying on any published information and before placing orders for products or services.
www.altera.com
101 Innovation Drive, San Jose, CA 95134
ISO
9001:2008
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System Settings
Parameter
Value
Reference clock
frequency
100 MHz
Description
The PCI Express Base Specification 3.0 requires a
100 MHz В±300 ppm reference clock. The 125 MHz reference
clock is provided as a convenience for systems that include a
125 MHz clock source. For more information about Gen3
operation, refer to 4.3.8 Refclk Specifications for 8.0 GT/sin the
specification.
For Gen3, Altera recommends using a common reference
clock (0 ppm). For designs with separate reference clocks (non
0 ppm), the PCS occasionally must insert SKP symbols,
potentially causing the PCIe link to go to recovery. Gen1 and
Gen2 modes are not affected by this issue. Systems using the
common reference clock (0 ppm) are not affected by this issue.
The primary repercussion of this is a slight decrease in
bandwidth. On Gen3 x8 systems, this bandwidth impact is
negligible. If non 0 ppm mode is required, so that separate
reference clocks are being used, please contact Altera for
further information and guidance.
RX Buffer credit
allocation performance for
received requests
Minimum
Low
Balanced
High
Maximum
Determines the allocation of posted header credits, posted
data credits, non-posted header credits, completion header
credits, and completion data credits in the 16 KByte RX buffer.
The 5 settings allow you to adjust the credit allocation to
optimize your system. The credit allocation for the selected
setting displays in the message pane.
Refer to the Throughput Optimization chapter for more
information about optimizing performance. The Flow Control
chapter explains how the RX credit allocation and the
Maximum payload RX Buffer credit allocation and the
Maximum payload size that you choose affect the allocation
of flow control credits. You can set the Maximum payload
size parameter on the Device tab.
The Message window dynamically updates the number of
credits for Posted, Non-Posted Headers and Data, and
Completion Headers and Data as you change this selection.
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Parameter
System Settings
Value
3-3
Description
• Minimum RX Buffer credit allocation—configures the
minimum PCIe specification allowed for non-posted and
posted request credits, leaving most of the RX Buffer space
for received completion header and data. Select this option
for variations where application logic generates many read
requests and only infrequently receives single requests
from the PCIe link.
• Low—configures a slightly larger amount of RX Buffer
space for non-posted and posted request credits, but still
dedicates most of the space for received completion header
and data. Select this option for variations where application
logic generates many read requests and infrequently
receives small bursts of requests from the PCIe link. This
option is recommended for typical endpoint applications
where most of the PCIe traffic is generated by a DMA
engine that is located in the endpoint application layer
logic.
• Balanced—configures approximately half the RX Buffer
space to received requests and the other half of the RX
Buffer space to received completions. Select this option for
variations where the received requests and received
completions are roughly equal.
• High—configures most of the RX Buffer space for received
requests and allocates a slightly larger than minimum
amount of space for received completions. Select this
option where most of the PCIe requests are generated by
the other end of the PCIe link and the local application
layer logic only infrequently generates a small burst of read
requests. This option is recommended for typical root port
applications where most of the PCIe traffic is generated by
DMA engines located in the endpoints.
• Maximum—configures the minimum PCIe specification
allowed amount of completion space, leaving most of the
RX Buffer space for received requests. Select this option
when most of the PCIe requests are generated by the other
end of the PCIe link and the local application layer logic
never or only infrequently generates single read requests.
This option is recommended for control and status
endpoint applications that don't generate any PCIe
requests of their own and only are the target of write and
read requests from the root complex.
Parameter Settings
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SR-IOV System Settings
Parameter
Value
Description
Enable byte
parity ports on
Avalon-ST
interface
On/Off
Enable credit
consumed
selection port tx_
cons_cred_sel
On/Off
When on, the core includes the tx_cons_cred_sel port.
Enable Hard IP
reset pulse at
power-up when
using the soft
reset controller
On/Off
When On, the soft reset controller generates a pulse at power
up to reset the Hard IP. This pulse ensures that the Hard IP is
reset after programming the device, regardless of the behavior
of the dedicated PCI Express reset pin, perstn. This option is
available for Gen2 and Gen3 designs that use a soft reset
controller.
When on, the RX and TX datapaths are parity protected.
Parity is odd.
This parameter is only available for the Avalon-ST Stratix V
Hard IP for PCI Express.
Related Information
PCI Express Base Specification 2.1 or 3.0
SR-IOV System Settings
Parameter
Total active
Physical
Functions (PFs) :
Total Physical
Function0
Virtual
Functions (PF0
VFs):
Total Physical
Function1
Virtual
Functions (PF1
VFs):
System
Supported Page
Size:
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Value
1-2
0-128
0-128
4KB - 4MB
Description
This core supports 1 or 2 Physical Functions.
Total number of VFs for PF0. From 0-7 PFs are supported
when ARI is not supported. From 4–128 VFs are supported
when ARI is enabled. If PF1 is enabled, the sum of this field
and PF1 VFs should not exceed 128. When ARI is enabled, the
number of VFs should be a multiple of 4.
Total number of VFs for PF1. From 0-7 PFs are supported
when ARI is not supported. From 4–128 VFs are supported
when ARI is enabled. If PF1 is enabled, the sum of this field
and PF1 VFs should not exceed 128. When ARI is enabled, the
number of VFs should be a multiple of 4.
Specifies the pages sizes supported.
Parameter Settings
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Base Address Register (BAR) Settings
Parameter
Value
Enable SR-IOV
Support
On/Off
Turn this option on to include the SR-IOV functionality.
Enable Alterna‐
tive Routing-ID
(ARI) support
On/Off
This core supports the following configurations:
3-5
Description
•
•
•
•
1 PF and 4-7 VFs with no ARI
1 PF and 4-128 VFs in multiples of 4 with ARI
2 PFs with 4-6 VFs and no ARI
2 PFs with 4-128 VFs in multiples of 4 with ARI
Refer to Section 6.1.3 Alternative Routing-ID Interpretation
(ARI) of the PCI Express Base Specification more information
about ARI.
Enable
Functional Level
Reset (FLR)
On/Off
When you turn this option on, each function can be individu‐
ally reset.
Related Information
PCI Express Base Specification 2.1 or 3.0
Base Address Register (BAR) Settings
Each function can implement up to six BARs. You can configure up to six 32-bit BARs or three 64-bit
BARs for both PFs and VFs. The BAR settings are the same for all VFs associated with a PF.
Table 3-2: BAR Registers
Parameter
Present
Type
Value
Description
Enabled/Disabled
Indicates whether or not this BAR is instantiated.
32-bit address
If you select 64-bit address, 2 contiguous BARs are
combined to form a 64-bit BAR. you must set the
higher numbered BAR to Disabled.
64-bit address
If the BAR TYPE of any even BAR is set to 64-bit
memory, the next higher BAR supplies the upper
address bits. The supported combinations for 64-bit
BARs are {BAR1, BAR0}, {BAR3, BAR2}, {BAR4,
BAR5}.
Parameter Settings
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Device Identification Registers
Parameter
Value
Prefetch‐
able
Prefetchable
Non-Prefetchable
Description
Defining memory as prefetchable allows data in the
region to be fetched ahead anticipating that the
requestor may require more data from the same
region than was originally requested. If you specify
that a memory is prefetchable, it must have the
following 2 attributes:
• Reads do not have side effects
• Write merging is allowed
Size
16 Bytes–2 GBytes
Specifies the memory size.
Device Identification Registers
Table 3-3: Device ID Registers
The following table lists the default values of the read-only Device ID registers. You can use the parameter editor
to change the values of these registers. At run time, you can change the values of these registers using the optional
reconfiguration block signals. You can specify Device ID registers for each Physical Function.
Register Name
Range
Default Value
Vendor ID
16 bits
0x00000000
Description
Sets the read-only value of the Vendor ID register. This
parameter can not be set to 0xFFFF per the PCI Express
Specification.
Address offset: 0x000.
Device ID
16 bits
0x00000000
Sets the read-only value of the Device ID register.
Address offset: 0x000.
Revision ID
8 bits
0x00000000
Sets the read-only value of the Revision ID register.
Address offset: 0x008.
Class code
24 bits
0x00000000
Sets the read-only value of the Class Code register.
Address offset: 0x008.
Subsystem
Vendor ID
16 bits
0x00000000
Sets the read-only value of the Subsystem Vendor ID
register in the PCI Type 0 Configuration Space. This
parameter cannot be set to 0xFFFF per the PCI Express
Base Specification. This value is assigned by PCI-SIG to
the device manufacturer.
Address offset: 0x02C.
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Interrupt Capabilities
Register Name
Subsystem
Device ID
Range
Default Value
16 bits
0x00000000
3-7
Description
Sets the read-only value of the Subsystem Device ID
register in the PCI Type 0 Configuration Space.
Address offset: 0x02C
Related Information
PCI Express Base Specification 2.1 or 3.0
Interrupt Capabilities
Table 3-4: MSI anad MSI-X Interrupt Settings
Each Physical Function defines its own MSI-X table settings. The VF MSI-X table settings are the same for all the
Virtual Functions associated with each Physical Function.
Parameter
Value
Description
MSI Interrupt Settings
PF0 MSI Requests
1,2,4,8,16,32
PF1 MSI Requests
1,2,4,8,16,32
Specifies the maximum number of MSI messages the Application
Layer can request. This value is reflected in Multiple Message
Capable field of the Message Control register, 0x050[31:16]. . For
MSI Interrupt Settings, if the PF MSI option is enabled, all PFs
support MSI capability.
MSI-X Interrupt Settings
PF MSI-X
VF MSI-X
On/Off
On/Off
When On, enables the MSI-X functionality. For PF and VF
MSI-X Interrupt Settings, if PF MSI-X is enabled, all PFs
supports MSI-X capability.
Bit Range
MSI-X Table size
[10:0]
System software reads this field to determine the MSI-X Table
size <n>, which is encoded as <n–1>. For example, a returned
value of 2047 indicates a table size of 2048. This field is readonly. Legal range is 0–2047 (211).
Address offset: 0x068[26:16]
MSI-X Table
Offset
Parameter Settings
Send Feedback
[31:0]
Specifies the offset from the BAR indicated in theMSI-X Table
BAR Indicator. The lower 3 bits of the table BAR indicator
(BIR) are set to zero by software to form a 32-bit qwordaligned offset (1). This field is read-only.
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PCI Express and PCI Capabilities Parameters
Parameter
Value
Description
MSI-X Table
BAR Indicator
[2:0]
Specifies which one of a function’s BAR number. This field is
read-only. For 32-bit BARs, the legal range is 0–5. For 64-bit
BARs, the legal range is 0, 2, or 4.
MSI-X Pending
Bit Array (PBA)
Offset
[31:0]
Points to the MSI-X Pending Bit Array table. It is offset from
the BAR value indicated in MSI-X Table BAR Indicator. The
lower 3 bits of the PBA BIR are set to zero by software to form
a 32-bit qword-aligned offset. This field is read-only.
MSI-X PBA BAR
Indicator
[2:0]
Specifies which BAR number contains the MSI-X PBA. For
32-bit BARs, the legal range is 0–5. For 64-bit BARs, the legal
range is 0, 2, or 4. This field is read-only.
Legacy Interrupts
PF0 Interrupt
Pin
inta–intd
PF1 Interrupt
Pin
inta–intd
Applicable for PFs only to support legacy interrupts. When
enabled, the core receives interrupt indications from the
Application Layer on its INTA_IN, INTB_IN, INTC_IN and
INTD_IN inputs, and sends out Assert_INTx or Deassert_
INTx messages on the link in response to their activation or
deactivation, respectively.
You can configure the Physical Functions with separate
interrupt pins. Or, both functions can share a common
interrupt pin.
PF0 Interrupt
Line
0-255
PF1 Interrupt
Line
0-255
Defines the input to the interrupt controller (IRQ0 - IRQ15)
in the Root Port that is activated by each Assert_INTx
message.
Note:
1. Throughout this user guide, the terms word, dword and qword have the same meaning that they have
in the PCI Express Base Specification. A word is 16 bits, a dword is 32 bits, and a qword is 64 bits.
Related Information
PCI Express Base Specification Revision 2.1 or 3.0
PCI Express and PCI Capabilities Parameters
This group of parameters defines various capability properties of the IP core. Some of these parameters
are stored in the PCI Configuration Space - PCI Compatible Configuration Space. The byte offset
indicates the parameter address.
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Device Capabilities
3-9
Device Capabilities
Parameter
Possible
Values
Default
Value
Maximum
payload size
128 bytes
128 bytes
Specifies the maximum payload size supported. This parameter
sets the read-only value of the max payload size supported field
of the Device Capabilities register (0x084[2:0]). Address: 0x084.
Completion
timeout
range
ABCD
ABCD
Indicates device function support for the optional completion
timeout programmability mechanism. This mechanism allows
system software to modify the completion timeout value. This
field is applicable only to Root Ports and Endpoints that issue
requests on their own behalf. Completion timeouts are
specified and enabled in the Device Control 2 register (0x0A8)
of the PCI Express Capability Structure Version. For all other
functions this field is reserved and must be hardwired to
0x0000b. Four time value ranges are defined:
256 bytes
BCD
ABC
AB
B
A
None
Description
•
•
•
•
Range A: 50 us to 10 ms
Range B: 10 ms to 250 ms
Range C: 250 ms to 4 s
Range D: 4 s to 64 s
Bits are set to show timeout value ranges supported. The
function must implement a timeout value in the range 50 s to
50 ms. The following values are used to specify the range:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
None—Completion timeout programming is not supported
0001 Range A
0010 Range B
0011 Ranges A and B
0110 Ranges B and C
0111 Ranges A, B, and C
1110 Ranges B, C and D
1111 Ranges A, B, C, and D
All other values are reserved. Altera recommends that the
completion timeout mechanism expire in no less than 10 ms.
Implement
completion
timeout
disable
Parameter Settings
Send Feedback
On/Off
On
Disables the completion timeout mechanism. When On, the
core supports the completion timeout disable mechanism via
the PCI Express Device Control Register 2. The Applica‐
tion Layer logic must implement the actual completion timeout
mechanism for the required ranges. This option is forced to on
for PCI Express version 2.0 and higher Endpoints.
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Error Reporting
Parameter
Possible
Values
Default
Value
Extended
tag support
On/Off
On
Description
When enabled, the Application Layer supports up to 256 tags
for non-posted requests. When disabled, the Application Layer
supports up to 32 tags. The Hard IP with SR-IOV support
disables tag checking. Consequently, the Application Layer
must implement Completion tag checking.
Error Reporting
Possible
Values
Parameter
Track Receive Completion Buffer
Overflow
On/Off
Description
You can use this status bit as an additional check to
complement the soft logic that tracks space in the RX
completion buffer. It is useful because the Endpoint RX
Completion buffer must advertise infinite credits for RX
Completions.
Error Reporting
Table 3-5: Error Reporting
Parameter
Value
Default Value
Advanced
error
reporting
(AER)
On/Off
Off
When On, enables the Advanced Error Reporting (AER)
capability.
Enable
ECRC
checking
On/Off
Off
When On, enables ECRC checking. Sets the read-only
value of the ECRC check capable bit in the Advanced
Error Capabilities and Control Register. This
parameter requires you to enable the AER capability.
Enable
ECRC
generation
On/Off
Off
When On, enables ECRC generation capability. Sets the
read-only value of the ECRC generation capable bit in
the Advanced Error Capabilities and Control
Register. This parameter requires you to enable the
AER capability.
Enable
ECRC
forwarding
on the
Avalon-ST
interface
On/Off
Off
When On, enables ECRC forwarding to the Application
Layer. On the Avalon-ST RX path, the incoming TLP
contains the ECRC dword(1) and the TD bit is set if an
ECRC exists. On the transmit the TLP from the Applica‐
tion Layer must contain the ECRC dword and have the
TD bit set.
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Description
Parameter Settings
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Error Reporting
Parameter
Track RX
completion
buffer
overflow on
the AvalonST interface
Value
Default Value
On/Off
Off
3-11
Description
When On, the core includes the rxfx_cplbuf_ovf
output status signal to track the RX posted completion
buffer overflow status.
Note:
1. Throughout this user guide, the terms word, dword and qword have the same meaning that they have
in the PCI Express Base Specification. A word is 16 bits, a dword is 32 bits, and a qword is 64 bits.
Related Information
PCI Express Base Specification Revision 2.1 or 3.0
Error Reporting
Table 3-6: Error Reporting
Parameter
Track RX
Completion
Buffer
Overflow
Value
Default Value
On/Off
Off
Description
When On, the core includes the rxfx_cplbuf_ovf
output status signal to track the RX posted completion
buffer overflow status.
Link Capabilities
Table 3-7: Link Capabilities
Parameter
Link port
number
Data link layer
active reporting
Parameter Settings
Send Feedback
Value
0x01
On/Off
Description
Sets the read-only value of the port number field in the Link
Capabilities register.
Turn On this parameter for a downstream port, if the
component supports the optional capability of reporting the
DL_Active state of the Data Link Control and Management
State Machine. For a hot-plug capable downstream port (as
indicated by the Hot Plug Capable field of the Slot
Capabilities register), this parameter must be turned On.
For upstream ports and components that do not support this
optional capability, turn Off this option. This parameter is
only supported for the Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express in
Root Port mode.
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Slot Capabilities
Parameter
Value
Description
Surprise down
reporting
On/Off
When this option is On, a downstream port supports the
optional capability of detecting and reporting the surprise
down error condition. This parameter is only supported for
the Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express in Root Port mode.
Slot clock
configuration
On/Off
When On, indicates that the Endpoint or Root Port uses the
same physical reference clock that the system provides on the
connector. When Off, the IP core uses an independent clock
regardless of the presence of a reference clock on the
connector.
Slot Capabilities
Table 3-8: Slot Capabilities
Parameter
Use Slot register
Value
On/Off
Description
The slot capability is required for Root Ports if a slot is implemented
on the port. Slot status is recorded in the PCI Express Capabilities register. This parameter is only supported in Root Port mode.
Defines the characteristics of the slot. You turn on this option by
selecting Enable slot capability. The various bits are defined as
follows:
31
19 18 17 16 15 14
7 6 5
4
3
2 1
0
Physical Slot Number
No Command Completed Support
Electromechanical Interlock Present
Slot Power Limit Scale
Slot Power Limit Value
Hot-Plug Capable
Hot-Plug Surprise
Power Indicator Present
Attention Indicator Present
MRL Sensor Present
Power Controller Present
Attention Button Present
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Power Management
Parameter
Value
Slot power scale
0–3
3-13
Description
Specifies the scale used for the Slot power limit. The following
coefficients are defined:
•
•
•
•
0 = 1.0x
1 = 0.1x
2 = 0.01x
3 = 0.001x
The default value prior to hardware and firmware initialization is
b’00. Writes to this register also cause the port to send the Set_
Slot_Power_Limit Message.
Refer to Section 6.9 of the PCI Express Base Specification Revision for
more information.
Slot power limit
0–255
Slot number
0-8191
In combination with the Slot power scale value, specifies the upper
limit in watts on power supplied by the slot. Refer to Section 7.8.9 of
the PCI Express Base Specification for more information.
Specifies the slot number.
Related Information
PCI Express Base Specification Revision 2.1 or 3.0
Power Management
Table 3-9: Power Management Parameters
Parameter
Endpoint L0s
acceptable
latency
Value
Maximum of 64 ns
Maximum of 128 ns
Maximum of 256 ns
Maximum of 512 ns
Maximum of 1 us
Maximum of 2 us
Maximum of 4 us
No limit
Description
This design parameter specifies the maximum acceptable
latency that the device can tolerate to exit the L0s state for any
links between the device and the root complex. It sets the
read-only value of the Endpoint L0s acceptable latency field of
the Device Capabilities Register (0x084).
This Endpoint does not support the L0s or L1 states. However,
in a switched system there may be links connected to switches
that have L0s and L1 enabled. This parameter is set to allow
system configuration software to read the acceptable latencies
for all devices in the system and the exit latencies for each link
to determine which links can enable Active State Power
Management (ASPM). This setting is disabled for Root Ports.
The default value of this parameter is 64 ns. This is the safest
setting for most designs.
Parameter Settings
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PHY Characteristics
Parameter
Endpoint L1
acceptable
latency
Value
Maximum of 1 us
Maximum of 2 us
Maximum of 4 us
Maximum of 8 us
Maximum of 16 us
Maximum of 32 us
No limit
Description
This value indicates the acceptable latency that an Endpoint
can withstand in the transition from the L1 to L0 state. It is an
indirect measure of the Endpoint’s internal buffering. It sets
the read-only value of the Endpoint L1 acceptable latency field
of the Device Capabilities Register.
This Endpoint does not support the L0s or L1 states. However,
a switched system may include links connected to switches
that have L0s and L1 enabled. This parameter is set to allow
system configuration software to read the acceptable latencies
for all devices in the system and the exit latencies for each link
to determine which links can enable Active State Power
Management (ASPM). This setting is disabled for Root Ports.
The default value of this parameter is 1 Вµs. This is the safest
setting for most designs.
PHY Characteristics
Table 3-10: PHY Characteristics
Parameter
Value
Gen2 transmit
deemphasis
3.5dB
6dB
Description
Specifies the transmit de-emphasis for Gen2. Altera
recommends the following settings:
• 3.5dB: Short PCB traces
• 6.0dB: Long PCB traces.
Use ATX PLL
On/Off
When enabled, the Hard IP for PCI Express uses the ATX PLL
instead of the CMU PLL Using the ATX PLL instead of the
CMU PLL reduces the number of transceiver channels that are
necessary for Gen1 and Gen2 variants. This option requires
the use of the soft reset controller and does not support the
CvP flow. For more information about channel placement,
refer to Serial Data Signals on page 4-30.
Enable Common
Clock Configura‐
tion (for lower
latency)
On/Off
When you turn this option on, the Application Layer and
Transaction Layer use a common clock. Using a common
clock reduces datapath latency because synchronizers are not
necessary.
This parameter is only available for the Avalon-ST interface.
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Simulation Options
3-15
Simulation Options
Table 3-11: Simulation Options
Parameter
Enable
DMA
Simulation
Parameter Settings
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Value
Default Value
On/Off
On
Description
Enable DMA simulation or target simulation. Set
Enable DMA Simulation on if your design includes the
SR-IOV DMA. Otherwise, simulation is for SR-IOV
target tests.
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Hard IP for PCI Express with SR-IOV
TX Avalon-ST
TX Port
Component
Specific
TX Credit
Completion
Error Status
and Pending
Clocks
Function Level
Reset
MSI
Interrupts
Select One
Interrupt
Mechanism
MSI-X
Interrupts
Legacy
Interrupts
tx_st_data[<n>-1:0]
tx_st_sop
tx_st_eop
tx_st_ready
tx_st_valid
tx_st_empty[1:0]
tx_st_err
tx_cred_datafccp[11:0]
tx_cred_datafcnp[11:0]
tx_cred_datafcp[11:0]
tx_cred_fchipcons[5:0]
tx_cred_fc_infinite[5:0]
tx_cred_hdrfccp[7:0]
tx_cred_hdrfcnp[7:0]
tx_cred_hdrfcp[7:0]
cpl_err[6:0]
cpl_err_fn[7:0]
cpl_pending_pf[<n>-1:0]
cpl_pending_vf[<n>-1:0]
log_hdr[127:0]
ko_clp_spc_data[11:0]
ko_cpl_spc_header[7:0]
refclk
coreclkout
pld_clk
rx_st_data[<n>-1:0]
rx_st_sop
rx_st_eop
rx_st_ready
rx_st_valid
rx_st_empty[1:0]
rx_st_err
rx_st_bar_hit_fn_tlp0[7:0]
rx_st_bar_hit_fn_tlp1[7:0]
rx_st_bar_hit_tlp0[7:0]
rx_st_bar_hit_tlp1[7:0]
rx_st_mask
bus_master_en_pf[<n>-1:0]
bus_master_en_vf[<n>-1:0]
bus_num_f0[7:0]
bus_num_f1[7:0]
device_num_f0[4:0]
device_num_f1[4:0]
max_payload_size[2:0]
mem_space_en_pf[<n>-1:0]
mem_space_en_vf[<n>-1:0]
pf0_num_vfs[7:0]
pf1_num_vfs[7:0]
rd_req_size[2:0]
npor
pin_perst
flr_active_pf[<n>-1:0]
nik1410905520092.image
flr_active_vf[<n>-1:0]
pld_clk_inuse
flr_completed_pf[
<n>-1:0]
pld_core_ready
flr_completed_vf[
<n>-1:0]
reset_status
serdes_pll_locked
app_msi_req
testin_zero
app_msi_req_fn[7:0]
reconfig_from_xcvr[<n>46-1:0]
app_msi_ack
reconfig_to_xcvr[<n>70-1:0]
app_msi_addr[127:0]
app_msi_data_pf[16
<n>-1:0]
app_msi_enable_pf[
1:0]
tx_out0[<n>-1:0]
app_msi_mask_pf[32<n>-1:0]
rx_in0[<n>-1:0]
app_msi_multi_msg_enable_pf[
5:0]
app_msi_num[4:0]
app_msi_pending_bit_write_data
lmi_ack
app_msi_pending_bit_write_en
lmi_addr[11:0]
app_msi_pending_pf[63:0]
lmi_din[31:0]
app_msi_tc[2:0]
lmi_dout[31:0]
app_msi_status[1:0]
lmi_func[8:0]
lmi_rden
app_msix_req
lmi_wren
app_msix_ack
app_msix_addr_pf[63:0]
test_in[31:0]
app_msix_data[31:0]
simu_mode_pipe
app_msix_en_pf[1:0]
current_speed[1:0]
app_msix_en_vf[<n>-1:0]
hpg_ctrler[4:0]
app_msix_err
app_msix_fn_mask_pf[
1:0]
app_msix_fn_mask_vf[<n>-1:0]
RX Avalon-ST
RX Port
Component
Specific
RX BAR
Hit
Configuration
Status
Reset
Hard IP Reset
Status
Transceiver
Reconfiguration
Hard IP Serial
LMI
Hard IP Control,
Miscellaneous &
Current Speed
app_int_sts_a
app_int_sts_b
app_int_sts_c
app_int_sts_d
app_int_ack
app_int_pend_status[1:0]
app_int_sts_fn
app_intx_disable[1:0]
В© 2014 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. ALTERA, ARRIA, CYCLONE, ENPIRION, MAX, MEGACORE, NIOS, QUARTUS and STRATIX words and logos are
trademarks of Altera Corporation and registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries. All other words and logos identified as
trademarks or service marks are the property of their respective holders as described at www.altera.com/common/legal.html. Altera warrants performance
of its semiconductor products to current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any
products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability arising out of the application or use of any information,
product, or service described herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera. Altera customers are advised to obtain the latest version of device
specifications before relying on any published information and before placing orders for products or services.
www.altera.com
101 Innovation Drive, San Jose, CA 95134
ISO
9001:2008
Registered
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Avalon-ST TX Interface
Avalon-ST TX Interface
Table 4-1: 128- or 256-Bit Avalon-ST TX Datapath
Signal
Direction
tx_st_data[<n>-1:0]
Input
Description
Data for transmission. Transmit data bus. When using a 128-bit
Avalon-ST bus, the width of tx_st_data is 128 bits. When using
a 256-bit Avalon-ST bus, the width of tx_st_data is 256 bits.
The Application Layer must provide a properly formatted TLP
on the TX interface. The mapping of message TLPs is the same as
the mapping of Transaction Layer TLPs with 4 dword headers.
The number of data cycles must be correct for the length and
address fields in the header. Issuing a packet with an incorrect
number of data cycles results in the TX interface hanging and
becoming unable to accept further requests.
<n> = 128 or 256.
tx_st_sop
Input
Indicates first cycle of a TLP when asserted together with tx_st_
valid.
tx_st_eop
Input
Indicates last cycle of a TLP when asserted together with tx_st_
valid.
Output
Indicates that the Transaction Layer is ready to accept data for
transmission. The core deasserts this signal to throttle the data
stream. tx_st_ready may be asserted during reset. The Applica‐
tion Layer should wait at least 2 clock cycles after the reset is
released before issuing packets on the Avalon-ST TX interface.
The Application Layer can monitor the reset_status signal to
determine when the IP core has come out of reset.
tx_st_ready(3)
If tx_st_ready is asserted by the Transaction Layer on cycle <n>
, then <n + readyLatency> is a ready cycle, during which the
Application Layer may assert valid and transfer data.
When tx_st_ready, tx_st_valid and tx_st_data are
registered (the typical case), Altera recommends a readyLatency of 2 cycles to facilitate timing closure; however, a
readyLatency of 1 cycle is possible. If no other delays are added
to the read-valid latency, the resulting delay corresponds to a
readyLatency of 2.
(3)
To be Avalon-ST compliant, your Application Layer must have a readyLatency of 1 or 2 cycles.
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Avalon-ST TX Interface
Signal
tx_st_valid (3)
Direction
Input
4-3
Description
Clocks tx_st_data to the core when tx_st_ready is also
asserted. Between tx_st_sop and tx_st_eop, tx_st_valid must
not be deasserted in the middle of a TLP except in response to
tx_st_ready deassertion. When tx_st_ready deasserts, this
signal must deassert within 1 or 2 clock cycles. When tx_st_
ready reasserts, and tx_st_data is in mid-TLP, this signal must
reassert within 2 cycles. The figure entitled 64-Bit Transaction
Layer Backpressures the Application Layer illustrates the timing of
this signal.
To facilitate timing closure, Altera recommends that you register
both the tx_st_ready and tx_st_valid signals. If no other
delays are added to the ready-valid latency, the resulting delay
corresponds to a readyLatency of 2.
tx_st_empty[1:0]
Input
Indicates the number of qwords that are empty during cycles that
contain the end of a packet. When asserted, the empty dwords
are in the high-order bits. Valid only when tx_st_eop is asserted.
Not used when tx_st_data is 64 bits. For 128-bit data, only bit 0
applies and indicates whether the upper qword contains data. For
256-bit data, both bits are used to indicate the number of upper
words that contain data, resulting in the following encodings for
the 128-and 256-bit interfaces:
128-Bit interface: tx_st_empty = 0, tx_st_data[127:0]contains
valid data tx_st_empty = 1, tx_st_data[63:0] contains valid
data.
256-bit interface:tx_st_empty = 0, tx_st_data[255:0] contains
valid datatx_ st_empty = 1, tx_st_data[191:0] contains valid
data tx_st_empty = 2, tx_st_data[127:0] contains valid data
tx_st_empty = 3, tx_st_data[63:0] contains valid data.
tx_st_err
Input
Indicates an error on transmitted TLP. This signal is used to
nullify a packet. It should only be applied to posted and
completion TLPs with payload. To nullify a packet, assert this
signal for 1 cycle after the SOP and before the EOP. When a
packet is nullified, the following packet should not be transmitted
until the next clock cycle. tx_st_err is not available for packets
that are 1 or 2 cycles long.
Refer to the figure entitled 128-Bit Avalon-ST tx_st_data Cycle
Definition for 3-Dword Header TLP with non-Qword Aligned
Address for a timing diagram that illustrates the use of the error
signal. Note that it must be asserted while the valid signal is
asserted.
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Avalon-ST TX Interface
Table 4-2: Component Specific TX Credit Signals
Signal
Direction
Description
tx_cred_
datafccp[11:0]
Output
Data credit limit for the received FC completions. Each credit is
16 bytes.
tx_cred_
datafcnp[11:0]
Output
Data credit limit for the non-posted requests. Each credit is 16
bytes.
tx_cred_datafcp[11:0]
Output
Data credit limit for the FC posted writes. Each credit is 16 bytes.
tx_cred_
fchipcons[5:0]
Output
Asserted for 1 cycle each time the Hard IP consumes a credit.
These credits are from messages that the Hard IP for PCIe
generates for the following reasons:
• To respond to memory read requests
• To send error messages
This signal is not asserted when an Application Layer credit is
consumed. The Application Layer must keep track of its own
consumed credits. To calculate the total credits consumed, the
Application Layer must add its own credits consumed to those
consumed by the Hard IP for PCIe. The credit signals are valid
after dlup (data link up) is asserted.
The 6 bits of this vector correspond to the following 6 types of
credit types:
•
•
•
•
•
•
[5]: posted headers
[4]: posted data
[3]: non-posted header
[2]: non-posted data
[1]: completion header
[0]: completion data
During a single cycle, the IP core can consume either a single
header credit or both a header and a data credit.
tx_cred_fc_
infinite[5:0]
Output
When asserted, indicates that the corresponding credit type has
infinite credits available and does not need to calculate credit
limits. The 6 bits of this vector correspond to the following 6
types of credit types:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Altera Corporation
[5]: posted headers
[4]: posted data
[3]: non-posted header
[2]: non-posted data
[1]: completion header
[0]: completion data
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Avalon‑ST RX Interface
Signal
Direction
4-5
Description
tx_cred_hdrfccp[7:0]
Output
Header credit limit for the FC completions. Each credit is 20
bytes.
tx_cred_hdrfcnp[7:0]
Output
Header limit for the non-posted requests. Each credit is 20 bytes.
tx_cred_hdrfcp[7:0]
Output
Header credit limit for the FC posted writes. Each credit is 20
bytes.
Avalon‑ST RX Interface
Table 4-3: 128- or 256‑Bit Avalon-ST RX Datapath
Signal
Direction
Description
rx_st_data[<n>-1:0]
Output
Receive data bus. Refer to figures following this table for the
mapping of the Transaction Layer’s TLP information to rx_st_
data and examples of the timing of this interface. Note that the
position of the first payload dword depends on whether the TLP
address is qword aligned. The mapping of message TLPs is the
same as the mapping of TLPs with 4-dword headers. When using
a 128-bit Avalon-ST bus, the width of rx_st_data is 128. When
using a 256-bit Avalon-ST bus, the width of rx_st_data is 256
bits.
rx_st_sop
Output
Indicates that this is the first cycle of the TLP when rx_st_valid
is asserted.
rx_st_eop
Output
Indicates that this is the last cycle of the TLP when rx_st_valid
is asserted.
rx_st_empty[1:0]
Output
Indicates the number of empty qwords in rx_st_data. Valid
only when rx_st_eop is asserted in 128-bit and 256-bit modes.
For 128-bit data, only bit 0 applies; this bit indicates whether the
upper qword contains data. For 256-bit data single packet per
cycle mode, both bits are used to indicate whether 0-3 upper
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Avalon‑ST RX Interface
Signal
Direction
Description
qwords contain data, resulting in the following encodings for the
128-and 256-bit interfaces:
• 128-Bit interface:
• rx_st_empty = 0, rx_st_data[127:0]contains valid data
• rx_st_empty = 1, rx_st_data[63:0] contains valid data
• 256-bit interface: single packet per cycle mode
• rx_st_empt y = 0, rx_st_data[255:0] contains valid
data
• rx_st_empty = 1, rx_st_data[191:0] contains valid data
• rx_st_empty = 2, rx_st_data[127:0] contains valid
data
• rx_st_empty = 3, rx_st_data[63:0] contains valid data
• When the TLP ends in the lower 128 bits, the following
equations apply:
• rx_st_eop[0]=1 & rx_st_empty[0]=0, rx_st_
data[127:0] contains valid data
• rx_st_eop[0]=1 & rx_st_empty[0]=1, rx_st_
data[63:0] contains valid data, rx_st_data[127:64] is
empty
• When TLP ends in the upper 128bits, the following equations
apply:
• rx_st_ eop[1]=1 & rx_st_empty[1]=0, rx_st_
data[255:128] contains valid data
• rx_st_eop[1]=1 & rx_st_empty[1]=1, rx_st_
data[191:128] contains valid data, rx_st_
data[255:192] is empty
rx_st_ready
Input
Indicates that the Application Layer is ready to accept data. The
Application Layer deasserts this signal to throttle the data stream.
If rx_st_ready is asserted by the Application Layer on cycle
<n> , then <n + > readyLatency is a ready cycle, during which
the Transaction Layer may assert valid and transfer data.
The RX interface supports a readyLatency of 2 cycles.
rx_st_valid
Altera Corporation
Output
Clocks rx_st_data into the Application Layer. Deasserts within
2 clocks of rx_st_ready deassertion and reasserts within 2 clocks
of rx_st_ready assertion if more data is available to send.
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Avalon‑ST RX Interface
Signal
rx_st_err
Direction
Output
4-7
Description
Indicates that there is an uncorrectable error correction coding
(ECC) error in the internal RX buffer. Active when ECC is
enabled. ECC is automatically enabled by the Quartus II
assembler. ECC corrects single-bit errors and detects double-bit
errors on a per byte basis.
When an uncorrectable ECC error is detected, rx_st_err is
asserted for at least 1 cycle while rx_st_valid is asserted.
Altera recommends resetting the Stratix V Hard IP for PCI
Express when an uncorrectable double-bit ECC error is detected.
Related Information
Avalon Interface Specifications.
Interfaces and Signal Descriptions
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BAR Hit Signals
BAR Hit Signals
Signal
rx_st_bar_hit_
tlp0[7:0]
Direction
Output
rx_st_bar_hit_
tlp1[7:0]
Description
Identifies the matching BAR for the TLP driven on the AvalonST RX interface. Valid for MRd, MWr and Atomic Op TLPs. rx_
st_bar_hit_tlp<n>[7:0] should be ignored for all other TLPs.
Valid in the first cycle of a TLP, when rx_st_valid_app and any
bit of rx_st_sop_app are asserted. rx_st_bar_hit_tlp0 applies
to the TLP that starts on bits [127:0] . rx_st_bar_hit_tlp1
applies to the TLP that starts on bits [255:128].
The following encodings are defined:
• 0x01: BAR 0 when configured as 32-bit BAR. Or BAR 0-1
when configured as 64-bit BAR.
• 0x02: BAR 1 when configured as 32-bit BAR. Reserved when
BAR 1 is combined with BAR 0 to form a 64-bit BAR.
• 0x04: BAR 2 when configured as 32-bit BAR. Or BAR 2-3
when configured as 64-bit BAR.
• 0x08: BAR 3 when configured as 32-bit BAR. Reserved when
BAR 2 is combined with BAR 3 to form a 64-bit BAR.
• 0x10: BAR4 when configured as 32-bit BAR. Or BAR 4-5
when configured as 64-bit BAR.
• 0x20: BAR5 when configured as 32-bit BAR. Reserved when
BAR 4 is combined with BAR 5 to form a 64-bit BAR.
• 0x40 and 0x80: Reserved.
When rx_st_bar_hit_tlp0 orrx_st_bar_hit_tlp1 indicates
the address of a PF, the BAR number above should be interpreted
as a PF BAR. When rx_st_bar_hit_tlp0 orrx_st_bar_hit_
tlp1provides the address of a VF (indicating a VF hit), the BAR
number should be interpreted as a VF BAR.
These signals are required to support multiple packets per cycle.
The SR-IOV implementation does not support multiple packets
per cycle. Consequently, these signals are not used.
rx_st_bar_hit_fn_
tlp0[7:0]
rx_st_bar_hit_fn_
tlp1[7:0]
Altera Corporation
output
Identifies the Function number that was hit by a TLP driven on
the Avalon-ST RX interface. These outputs are valid for MRd,
MWr and Atomic Op TLPs. Theses and are to be ignored for all
other TLPs.
rx_st_bar_hit_fn_tlp<n> is valid in the first cycle of a TLP,
when rx_st_valid_app and any bit of rx_st_sop_app are
asserted. rx_st_bar_hit_fn_tlp0[7:0] applies to the TLP that
starts on bits [127:0]. rx_st_bar_hit_fn_tlp1[7:0] applies to
the TLP that starts on bits [255:128].
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Configuration Status Interface
Signal
rx_st_mask
Direction
Input
4-9
Description
The Application Layer asserts this signal to tell the Hard IP to
stop sending non-posted requests. This signal can be asserted at
any time. Up to 10 non-posted requests can be transferred to the
Application Layer after rx_st_mask is asserted.
Configuration Status Interface
The output signals listed below drive the settings of the various configuration register fields of the
Functions. These settings are often needed in designing Application Layer logic.
Table 4-4: Configuration Status Interface
Signal
bus_num_f0[7:0]
Direction
Output
Direction
bus_num_f1[7:0]
Output
Description
Bus number assigned to Physical Function 0 by the Root
Complex, as captured from CfgWr transactions.
When ARI is enabled, the Application Layer must use this bus
number for all TLP requests and completions. When ARI is not
enabled, the Application Layer must use this bus number for TLP
requests and completions from PF0 and its associated Virtual
Functions.
Bus number assigned to Physical Function 1 by the Root
Complex, as captured from CfgWr transactions.
When ARI is enabled,bus_num_f1 is not used. When ARI is not
enabled, the application layer must use this bus number for TLP
requests and completions from PF1 and its associated Virtual
Functions.
device_num_f0[4:0]
Output
Device number assigned to Physical Function 0 by the Root
Complex, as captured from CfgWr transactions.
When ARI is enabled, the Requester ID only consists of bus
number and function number. Consequently, device_num_f0 is
unused. When ARI is disabled, the Application Layer must use
device_num_f0 for all TLP requests and completions from PF0
and its associated VFs.
device_num_f1[4:0]
Output
Device number assigned to Physical Function 1 by the Root
Complex, as captured from CfgWr transactions.
When ARI is enabled, the Requester ID only consists of bus
number and function number. Consequently, device_num_f1 is
unused. When ARI is disabled, the Application Layer must use
device_num_f1 for all TLP requests and completions from PF0
and its associated VFs.
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Completion Side Band Signals
Signal
Direction
Description
Output
The PF0 and PF1 PCI Command Registers drive the Memory
Space Enable bit.
Output
ThePF0 and PF1 PCI Command Registers drive the Bus Master
Enable bit .
Output
The PF0 and PF1 Control Registers drive the SR-IOV Memory
Space Enable bit.
Output
The VF<n> Memory Space Enable bit of the PCI Command
Register drives bit <n> of this bus. <n> is the total number of
VFs.
Pf0_num_vfs[7:0]
Output
This output drives the value of the NumVFs register in the PF0 SRIOV Capability Structure.
Pf1_num_vfs[7:0]
Output
This output drives the value of the NumVFs register in the PF1 SRIOV Capability Structure .
max_payload_size[2:0]
Output
When only PF0 is present, the max payload size field of the PF0
PCI Express Device Control Register drives this output. When
two PFs are present, the minimum value of the max payload size
field of the PCI Express Device Control Registers drives this
output.
rd_req_size[2:0]
Output
When only PF 0 is present, the max read request size field of PF0
PCI Express Device Control Register drives this output. When
two PFs are present, the minimum value of the max read request
size fields of the PCI Express Device Control Registers drives this
output.
mem_space_en_pf[<n>1:0]
bus_master_en_pf[<n>1:0]
mem_space_en_vf[<n>1:0]
bus_master_en_vf[<n>1:0]
Completion Side Band Signals
The following table describes the signals that comprise the completion side band signals for the AvalonST interface. The Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express provides a completion error interface that the
Application Layer can use to report errors, such as programming model errors. When the Application
Layer detects an error, it can assert the appropriate cpl_err bit to indicate what kind of error to log. If
separate requests result in two errors, both are logged. The Hard IP sets the appropriate status bits for the
errors in the Configuration Space, and automatically sends error messages in accordance with the PCI
Express Base Specification. Note that the Application Layer is responsible for sending the completion with
the appropriate completion status value for non-posted requests. Refer to Error Handling on page 8-1
for information on errors that are automatically detected and handled by the Hard IP.
For a description of the completion rules, the completion header format, and completion status field
values, refer to Section 2.2.9 of the PCI Express Base Specification.
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Table 4-5: Completion Signals for the Avalon-ST Interface
Signal
Directi
on
cpl_err[6:0]
Input
Description
Completion error. This signal reports completion errors to the Configuration
Space. When an error occurs, the appropriate signal is asserted for one cycle.
• cpl_err[0]: Completion timeout error with recovery. This signal should
be asserted when a master-like interface has performed a non-posted
request that never receives a corresponding completion transaction after
the 50 ms timeout period when the error is correctable. The Hard IP
automatically generates an advisory error message that is sent to the Root
Complex.
• cpl_err[1]: Completion timeout error without recovery. This signal
should be asserted when a master-like interface has performed a nonposted request that never receives a corresponding completion transac‐
tion after the 50 ms time-out period when the error is not correctable. The
Hard IP automatically generates a non-advisory error message that is sent
to the Root Complex.
• cpl_err[2]: Completer abort error. The Application Layer asserts this
signal to respond to a non-posted request with a Completer Abort (CA)
completion. The Application Layer generates and sends a completion
packet with Completer Abort (CA) status to the requestor and then
asserts this error signal to the Hard IP. The Hard IP automatically sets the
error status bits in the Configuration Space register and sends error
messages in accordance with the PCI Express Base Specification.
• cpl_err[3]: Unexpected completion error. This signal must be asserted
when an Application Layer master block detects an unexpected
completion transaction. Many cases of unexpected completions are
detected and reported internally by the Transaction Layer. For a list of
these cases, refer to Transaction Layer Errors.
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Completion Side Band Signals
Signal
Directi
on
Description
• cpl_err[4]: Unsupported Request (UR) error for posted TLP. The
Application Layer asserts this signal to treat a posted request as an
Unsupported Request. The Hard IP automatically sets the error status bits
in the Configuration Space register and sends error messages in
accordance with the PCI Express Base Specification. Many cases of
Unsupported Requests are detected and reported internally by the
Transaction Layer. For a list of these cases, refer to Transaction Layer
Errors.
• cpl_err[5]: Unsupported Request error for non-posted TLP. The
Application Layer asserts this signal to respond to a non-posted request
with an Request (UR) completion. In this case, the Application Layer
sends a completion packet with the Unsupported Request status back to
the requestor, and asserts this error signal. The Hard IP automatically sets
the error status bits in the Configuration Space Register and sends error
messages in accordance with the PCI Express Base Specification. Many
cases of Unsupported Requests are detected and reported internally by the
Transaction Layer. For a list of these cases, refer to Transaction Layer
Errors.
• cpl_err[6]: Log header. If header logging is required, this bit must be set
in the every cycle in which any of cpl_err[2], cpl_err[3], cpl_err[4],
or cpl_err[5]is set.
cpl_err_
fn[7:0]
cpl_pending_
pf[1:0]
cpl_pending_
vf[<n>-1:0]
log_hdr[127:0]
ko_cpl_spc_
data[11:0]
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Input
Specifies the function reporting the error on cpl_err[6:0].
Input
Completion pending. The Application Layer must assert this signal when a
master block associated with PF0 <n> is waiting for a completion. For
example, when a Non-Posted Request is pending from PF0. cpl_pending_
pf[0] records pending completions for PF0. cpl_pending_pf[1] records
pending completions for PF1.
Input
Completion pending from VF. The Application Layer must keep bit <n>
asserted when the master block associated with Virtual Function <n> is
waiting for Completion. For example, when a Non-Posted transaction is
pending from VF <n>. <n> is the number of VFs.
Input
When any of the bits 2, 3, 4, 5 of cpl_err is asserted, the Application Layer
may provide the header of the TLP that caused the error condition. The order
of bytes is the same as the order of the header bytes for the Avalon-ST
streaming interfaces.
Output The Application Layer can use this signal to build circuitry to prevent RX
buffer overflow for completion data. Endpoints must advertise infinite space
for completion data; however, RX buffer space is finite. ko_cpl_spc_data is
a static signal that reflects the total number of 16 byte completion data units
that can be stored in the completion RX buffer.
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Clock Signals
Signal
ko_cpl_spc_
header]7:0]
Directi
on
4-13
Description
Output The Application Layer can use this signal to build circuitry to prevent RX
buffer overflow for completion headers. Endpoints must advertise infinite
space for completion headers; however, RX buffer space is finite. ko_cpl_
spc_header is a static signal that indicates the total number of completion
headers that can be stored in the RX buffer.
Related Information
PCI Express Base Specification Rev. 2.1 or 3.0
Clock Signals
Table 4-6: Clock Signals Hard IP Implementation
Signal
Direction
Description
refclk
Input
Reference clock for the Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express. It
must have the frequency specified under the System Settings
heading in the parameter editor.
pld_clk
Input
Clocks the Application Layer. You can drive this clock with
coreclkout_hip. If you drive pld_clk with another clock
source, it must be equal to or faster than coreclkout.
coreclkout
Output
This is a fixed frequency clock used by the Data Link and
Transaction Layers. To meet PCI Express link bandwidth
constraints, this clock has minimum frequency requirements as
listed in coreclkout_hip Values for All Parameterizations in the
Reset and Clocks chapter .
Refer to Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express Clock Domains in the Reset and Clocks chapter for more
information about clocks.
Function-Level Reset Interface
The function-level reset (FLR) interface can reset the individual SR-IOV functions.
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Table 4-7: Function-Level Reset Interface
Signal
flr_active_pf[<n>1:0]
Direction
Output
Description
When asserted, indicates the PF FLR field (bit 15) of the Device
Control Register is set. When asserted, a PF is being reset. (Bit 0
is for PF0. Bit 1 is for PF1).
The Application Layer must monitor flr_active_pf[<n>-1:0]
and clear any pending transactions associated with the function
being reset. The Application Layer must then assert flr_
completed_pf.
flr_completed_pf[<n>1:0]
flr_active_vf[<n>1:0]
Input
When asserted for one or more cycles, indicates that the Applica‐
tion Layer has completed resetting all the logic associated with
the PF. (Bit 0 is for PF0. Bit 1 is for PF1). When flr_active_pf
is asserted, the Application Layer must assert flr_completed
within 100 microseconds to re-enable the function.
Output
Asserting bit <n> indicates a 1 was written into the FLR field (bit
15) of the Device Control Register for VF<n>. When asserted,
indicates that VF <n> is being reset. Multiple VFs can be reset
simultaneously. Consequently, the Application Layer must
monitor each bit of this output port in parallel.
The Application Layer must clear any pending transactions
associated with the VF being reset. It must then assert the
corresponding bit of flr_completed to signal to indicate it is
ready to re-enable the VF.
<n> is the total number of VFs.
flr_completed_vf[<n>1:0]
Input
Asserting bit <n> for one or more cycles indicates that the
Application Layer has completed resetting all the logic associated
with VF <n>.
When flr_active_vf<n> is asserted, the Application Layer it
must assert the corresponding bit of flr_completed within 100
microseconds to re-enable the VF.
<n> is the total number of VFs.
Related Information
Function Level Reset (FLR) on page 6-5
Interrupt Interface
The SR-IOV Bridge supports MSI and MSI-X interrupts for both Physical and Virtual Functions. It also
supports legacy Interrupts for Physical Functions. The Application Layer can use this interface to generate
MSI or MSI-X interrupts from both PFs and VFs. The Application Layer can generate legacy interrupts
from PFs only. The Application Layer should select one of the three types of interrupts, depending on the
support provided by the platform and the software drivers. Ground the input pins for the unused
interrupt types.
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This interface also includes signals to set and clear the individual bits in the MSI Pending Bit Register.
Table 4-8: MSI Interrupts
Signal
Direction
Description
app_msi_req
Input
When asserted, the Application Layer is requesting that an MSI
interrupt be sent. Assertion causes an MSI posted write TLP to be
generated. The MSI TLP uses app_msi_req_fn[7:0], app_msi_
tc and app_msi_num to create the TLP. Refer to Figure 4-1 for a
timing diagram.
app_msi_req_fn[7:0]
Input
Specifies the function generating the MSI or MSI-X interrupt.
Driven in the same cycle as app_msi_req or app_msix_req.
app_msi_ack
Output
Ack for MSI interrupts. When asserted, indicates that Hard IP
has sent an MSI posted write TLP in response app_msi_req . The
Application Layer must wait for app_msi_ack after asserting
app_msi_req. The Application Layer must de-assert app_msi_
req for at least 1 cycle before signaling a new MSI interrupt.
app_msi_addr_
pf[127:0]
Output
Driven by the MSI address registers of PF0 and PF1. app_msi_
addr_pf[63:0] specifies the PF0 address. app_msi_addr_
pf[127:64] specifies the PF1 address.
app_msi_data_pf[16<n>
-1:0]
Output
Driven by the MSI Data Registers of PF0 and PF1. <n>= the
number of PFs.
Output
Driven by the MSI Enable bit of the MSI Control Registers of PF0
and PF1.
Output
The MSI Mask Bits of the MSI Capability Structure drive app_
msi_mask_pf. This mask allows software to disable or defer
message sending on a per-vector basis. app_msi_mask_pf[31:0]
mask vectors for PF0.app_msi_mask_pf[63:32] mask vectors
for PF1.
Output
Defines the number of interrupt vectors enabled for each PF. The
following encodings are defined:
app_msi_enable_
pf[1:0]
app_msi_mask_pf[32<n>
-1:0]
app_msi_multi_msg_
enable_pf[5:0]
•
•
•
•
•
3'b000: 1 vector
3'b001: 2 vectors
3'b010: 4 vectors
3'b100: 16 vectors
3'b101: 32 vectors
The MSI Multiple Message Enable field of the MSI Control
Register of PF0 drives app_msi_multi_msg_enable_pf[2:0].
The MSI Multiple Message Enable field of the MSI Control
Register of PF1 drives app_msi_multi_msg_enable_pf[5:3].
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Signal
app_msi_num[4:0]
app_msi_pending_bit_
write_data
msi_pending_bit_
write_en
Direction
Description
Input
Identifies the MSI interrupt type to be generated. Provides the
low-order message data bits to be sent in the message data field
of MSI messages. Only bits that are enabled by the MSI Message
Control Register apply.
Input
Writes the MSI Pending Bit Register of the specified function
when msi_pending_bit_write_en is asserted. app_msi_
num[4:0] specifies the bit to be written. For more information
about the MSI Pending Bit Array (PBA), refer to Section 6.8.1.7
Mask Bits for MSI (Optional) in the PCI Local Bus Specification,
Revision 3.0. Refer to Figure 4-2 below.
Input
Writes a 0 or 1 into selected bit position in the MSI Pending Bit
Register. app_msi_num[4:0] specifies the bit to be written. msi_
pending_bit_write_data specifies the data to be written (0 or
1). app_msi_req_fn specifies the function number.
msi_pending_bit_write_en cannot be asserted when app_msi_
req is high. Refer to Figure 4-2 below.
app_msi_pending_
pf[63:0]
Output
The MSI Data Registers of PF0 and PF1 drive msi_pending_
app_msi_tc[2:0]
Input
Specifies the traffic class to be used to send the MSI or MSI-X
posted write TLP. Must be valid when app_msi_req or app_
msix_req is asserted.
app_msi_status[1:0]
Output
pf[63:0]
Indicates the status of an MSI request. Valid when app_msi_ack
is asserted. The following encodings are defined:
• 2'b00: MSI message sent
• 2'b01: MSI message is pending and not sent upstream because
the MSI mask was set. And, the Pending bit was set for the
MSI number.
• 2/b10: Requested aborted because of invalid parameters. Or,
request aborted because the MSI Enabled bit was not set in
the function's MSI Capability structure.
• 2'b11: Reserved.
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Figure 4-1: Timing Diagram for MSI Interrupt Generation
pld_clk
app_msi_req
MSI Function No
app_msi_req_fn[7:0]
MSI Data
app_msi_data_pf[15:0]
MSI Number
app_msi_num[4:0]
MSI TC
app_msi_tc[2:0]
app_msi_ack
Status
app_msi_status[1:0]
Figure 4-2: Timing Diagram for MSI Pending Bit Write Operation
The MSI Pending Bit Write Operation aborts the pending MSI interrupt.
pld_clk
app_msi_req_fn[7:0]
MSI Function No.
app_msi_num[4:0]
MSI Vector
app_msi_data_pf[15:0]
MSI Data
app_msi_pending_bit_wr_data
app_msi_pending_bit_wr_en
Table 4-9: MSI-X Interrupts
Signal
Direction
Description
app_msix_req
Input
When asserted, the Application Layer is requesting that an MSIX interrupt be sent. Assertion causes an MSI-X posted write TLP
to be generated. The MSI-X TLP uses data from app_msi_req_
fn, app_msix_addr, app_msix_data, and app_msi_tc inputs.
Refer to Figure 4-3 below.
app_msix_ack
Output
Ack for MSI-X interrupts. When asserted, indicates that Hard IP
has sent an MSI-X posted write TLP in response app_msix_req .
The Application Layer must wait for after asserting app_msix_
req. The Application Layer must de-assert app_msix_req for at
least 1 cycle before signaling a new MSI interrupt.
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Signal
Direction
app_msix_addr[63:0]
Input
The Application Layer drives the address for the MSI-X posted
write TLP on this input. Driven in the same cycle as app_msix_
req.
app_msix_data[31:0]
Input
The Application Layer drives app_msix_data[31:0] for the
MSI-X posted write TLP. Driven in the same cycle as app_msix_
req.
app_msix_enable_
pf[1:0]
app_msix_enable_
vf[<n>-1:0]
app_msix_err
Description
Output
The MSI-X Enable bit of PF0 and PF1 MSI-X Control Register
drive this output.
Output
The MSI-X Enable bit of the MSI-X Control Register for VF0
drives bit[0]. The MSI-X Enable bit of the MSI-X Control
Register for VF1 drives bit[1], and so on.
Output
Indicates an error during the execution of an MSI-X request.
Valid when app_msix_ack is asserted. The following encodings
are defined:
• 1b'0: MSI-X message sent
• 1b'1: Error detected during execution of the MSI-X request.
No message sent. The following errors may occur:
• The function number is invalid
• The MSI-X Enable bit for the function was not set
• The MSI-X Function Mask was not set
app_msix_fn_mask_
pf[1:0]
app_msix_fn_mask_
vf[<n>-1:0]
Altera Corporation
Output
The MSI-X Function Mask bit of PF0 and PF1 MSI-X Control
Register drive this output.
Output
The MSI-X Function Mask bit of the MSI-X Control Register for
VF0 drives bit[0]. The MSI-X Function Mask bit of the MSI-X
Control Register for VF1 drives bit[1], and so on. <n> equals the
total number of VFs for both PF0 and PF1.
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Figure 4-3: Timing Diagram for MSI-X Interrupt Generation
pld_clk
app_msix_req
app_msi_req_fn[7:0]
MSI-X Function No
app_msix_data[31:0]
MSI-X Data
app_msix_addr[63:0]
MSI-X Address
MSI-X TC
app_msi_tc[2:0]
app_msix_ack
app_msi_status[1:0]
Table 4-10: Legacy Interrupts
Signal
app_int_sts_a
Direction
Input
app_int_sts_b
Input
app_int_sts_c
Input
app_int_sts_d
Input
Description
The Application Layer uses this signal to generate a legacy
INT<x>interrupt. <x> corresponds to a-d for functions
programmed to use interrupt pins a-d. The Hard IP sends an
INTx_Assert message upstream to the Root Complex in
response to a low-to- high transition. The Hard IP sends a INTX_
Deassert in response to a high-to-low transition. The INTX_
Deassert message is only sent if a previous INTx_Assert
message was sent. Figure 4-4 and Figure 4-5 for timing
diagrams.
This input has no effect if the INT<x>Disable bit in the PCI
Command Register of the interrupting function is set to 1.
app_int_ack
Output
A pulse on this output indicates that an INTx_Assert or INTX_
Deassert message has been sent. Assertion is in response to a
transition on aapp_int_sts_<x> input. This signal is asserted for
at least 1 cycle when an INTx_Assert message TLP has been
transmitted. It is asserted when either of the following occurs:
• A low-to-high transition on one of the app_int_sts_<x>
inputs
• A INTX_Deassert message TLP has been transmitted in
response to a high-to-low transition
The Application Layer must wait for app_int_ack the after
making a transition on one of theapp_int_sts_<x> inputs,
before signaling a new transition.
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Signal
Direction
app_int_pend_
status[1:0]
app_int_sts_fn
app_intx_disable[1:0]
Description
Input
The Application Layer must drive each of these inputs with the
interrupt pending status of the corresponding PF. The Interrupt
Pending Status bit of the PCI Status Register records the pending
status .
Input
Identifies the function generating the legacy interrupt. When
app_int_sts_fn = 0, specifies status for PF0. When app_int_
sts_fn = 1, specifies status for PF1.
Output
This output is driven by the INT<x>Disable bit of the PCI
Command Register of FP0 and PF1. app_intx_disable[0]
disables PF0. app_intx_disable[1] disables PF1.
Figure 4-4: Legacy Interrupt Assertion
clk
app_int_sts_<x>
app_int_ack
Figure 4-5: Legacy Interrupt Deassertion
clk
app_int_sts_<x>
app_int_ack
Related Information
• Programming and Testing SR-IOV Bridge MSI Interrupts on page 7-1
• PCI Local Bus Specification, Revision 3.0
Implementing MSI-X Interrupts
Section 6.8.2 of the PCI Local Bus Specification describes the MSI-X capability and table structures. The
MSI-X capability structure points to the MSI-X Table structure and MSI-X Pending Bit Array (PBA)
registers. The BIOS sets up the starting address offsets and BAR associated with the pointer to the starting
address of the MSI-X table and PBA registers.
The following figure shows the Application Layer modules that implement MSI-X interrupts.
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Figure 4-6: MSI-X Interrupt Components
PCIe with SR-IOV Bridge
RX
Host SW Programs Addr,
Data and Vector Control
RX
Application Layer
Addr, Data
MSI-X Table
Host
MSI-X PBA
TX
Memory Write TLP
Memory Write TX
TLP
IRQ
Processor
IRQ Source
Monitor & Clr
1. Host software sets up the MSI-X interrupts in the Application Layer by completing the following steps:
a. Host software reads the Message Control register at 0x050 register to determine the MSI-X Table
size. The number of table entries is the <value read> + 1.
The maximum table size is 2048 entries. Each 16-byte entry is divided in 4 fields as shown in the
figure below. The MSI-X table can reside in any BAR. The base address of the MSI-X table must be
aligned to a 4 KByte boundary.
b. The host sets up the MSI-X table. It programs MSI-X address, data, and masks bits for each entry as
shown in the figure below.
Figure 4-7: Format of MSI-X Table
DWORD 3
DWORD 2
Vector Control Message Data
Vector Control Message Data
Vector Control Message Data
DWORD 1
Message Upper Address
Message Upper Address
Message Upper Address
DWORD 0
Message Address
Message Address
Message Address
Entry 0
Entry 1
Entry 2
Host Byte Addresses
Base
Base + 1 Г— 16
Base + 2 Г— 16
Vector Control Message Data
Message Upper Address
Message Address
Entry (N - 1)
Base + (N - 1) Г— 16
c. The host calculates the address of the <nth> entry using the following formula:
nth_address = base address[BAR] + 16<n>
2. When Application Layer has an interrupt, it drives an interrupt request to the IRQ Source module.
3. The IRQ Source sets appropriate bit in the MSI-X PBA table.
The PBA can use qword or dword accesses. For qword accesses, the IRQ Source calculates the address
of the <mth> bit using the following formulas:
qword address = <PBA base addr> + 8(floor(<m>/64))
qword bit = <m> mod 64
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LMI Signals
Figure 4-8: MSI-X PBA Table
Pending Bit Array (PBA)
Pending Bits 0 through 63
Pending Bits 64 through 127
QWORD 0
QWORD 1
Pending Bits (( N - 1) div 64) Г— 64 through N - 1
Address
Base
Base + 1 Г— 8
QWORD (( N - 1) div 64) Base + ((N - 1) div 64) Г— 8
4. The IRQ Processor reads the entry in the MSI-X table.
a. If the interrupt is masked by the Vector_Control field of the MSI-X table, the interrupt remains in
the pending state.
b. If the interrupt is not masked, IRQ Processor sends Memory Write Request to the TX slave
interface. It uses the address and data from the MSI-X table. If Message Upper Address = 0, the
IRQ Processor creates a three-dword header. If the Message Upper Address > 0, it creates a 4dword header.
5. The host interrupt service routine detects the TLP as an interrupt and services it.
Related Information
• Floor and ceiling functions
• PCI Local Bus Specification, Rev. 3.0
LMI Signals
LMI interface can write log error descriptor information in the TLP header log registers. The LMI access
to other registers is intended for debugging, not normal operation.
Figure 4-9: Local Management Interface
Hard IP for PCIe
lmi_dout
32
lmi_ack
LMI
lmi_rden
lmi_wren
lmi_addr 12
lmi_func
9
lmi_din
32
Configuration Space
128 32-bit registers
(4 KBytes)
pld_clk
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The LMI interface is synchronized to pld_clk and runs at frequencies up to 250 MHz. The LMI address is
the same as the Configuration Space address. The read and write data are always 32 bits. The LMI
interface provides the same access to Configuration Space registers as Configuration TLP requests.
Register bits have the same attributes, (read only, read/write, and so on) for accesses from the LMI
interface and from Configuration TLP requests.
When a LMI write has a timing conflict with configuration TLP access, the configuration TLP accesses
have higher priority. LMI writes are held and executed when configuration TLP accesses are no longer
pending. An acknowledge signal is sent back to the Application Layer when the execution is complete.
All LMI reads are also held and executed when no configuration TLP requests are pending. The LMI
interface supports two operations: local read and local write. The timing for these operations complies
with the Avalon-MM protocol described in the Avalon Interface Specifications. LMI reads can be issued at
any time to obtain the contents of any Configuration Space register. LMI write operations are not
recommended for use during normal operation. The Configuration Space registers are written by requests
received from the PCI Express link and there may be unintended consequences of conflicting updates
from the link and the LMI interface. LMI Write operations are provided for AER header logging, and
debugging purposes only.
Table 4-11: LMI Interface
Signal
lmi_dout[31:0]
Direction
Output
Description
Data outputs. Valid when lmi_ackhas been asserted.
lmi_rden
Input
Read enable input.
lmi_wren
Input
Write enable input.
lmi_ack
Output
Acknowledgment for a read or write operation. The SR-IOV
Bridge asserts this output for one cycle after it has completed the
read or write operation. For read operations, the assertion of
lmi_ack also indicates the presence of valid data on lmi_dout.
lmi_addr[11:0]
Input
Byte address of 32-bit configuration register. Bits [1:0] are not
used.
lmi_func[8:0]
Input
Bit [8] directs the LMI read or write operation to either the Hard
IP or the Function configuration spaces implemented in the SRIOV Bridge. The following encodings are defined:
• 1b'0: LMI access to registers in Hard IP block
• 1'b1: Access to configuration registers in the SR-IOV Bridge
Bits [7:0] specify the function number corresponding to the LMI
access. Used only when the LMI access is to a configuration
register in the SR-IOV Bridge.
lmi_din[31:0]
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Input
Data inputs.
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Reset, Status, and Link Training Signals
Figure 4-10: LMI Read
pld_clk
lmi_rden
lmi_addr[11:0]
lmi_addr[8:0]
lmi_dout[31:0]
lmi_ack
Figure 4-11: LMI Write
The following figure illustrates the LMI write. Only writeable configuration bits are overwritten by this
operation. Read-only bits are not affected. LMI write operations are not recommended for use during
normal operation with the exception of AER header logging.
pld_clk
lmi_wren
lmi_din[31:0]
lmi_addr[11:0]
lmi_func[8:0]
lmi_ack
Reset, Status, and Link Training Signals
Table 4-12: Reset Signals
Signal
npor
Direction
Input
Description
Active low reset signal. In the Altera hardware example designs,
npor is the OR of pin_perst and local_rstn coming from the
software Application Layer. If you do not drive a soft reset signal
from the Application Layer, this signal must be derived from
pin_perst. You cannot disable this signal. Resets the entire
Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express IP Core and transceiver.
Asynchronous.
In systems that use the hard reset controller, this signal is edge,
not level sensitive; consequently, you cannot use a low value on
this signal to hold custom logic in reset. For more information
about the hard and soft reset controllers, refer to Reset.
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Reset, Status, and Link Training Signals
Signal
Direction
Input
pin_perst
4-25
Description
Active low reset from the PCIe reset pin of the device.
Refer to the appropriate Stratix V device pinout for correct pin
assignment for more detailed information about these pins. The
PCI Express Card Electromechanical Specification 2.0 specifies
this pin to require 3.3 V. You can drive this 3.3V signal to the
nPERST* even if the VVCCPGM of the bank is not 3.3V if the
following 2 conditions are met:
• The input signal meets the VIH and VIL specification for
LVTTL.
• The input signal meets the overshoot specification for 100°C
operation as specified by the “Maximum Allowed Overshoot
and Undershoot Voltage” section in volume 3 of the Stratix V
Device Handbook.
Figure 4-12: Reset and Link Training Timing Relationships
The following figure illustrates the timing relationship between npor and the LTSSM L0 state.
npor
IO_POF_Load
PCIe_LinkTraining_Enumeration
detect detect.active polling.active
dl_ltssm[4:0]
L0
Table 4-13: Hard IP Reset Status Signals
Signal
Direction
Description
pld_clk_inuse
Output
When asserted, indicates that the Hard IP Transaction Layer is
using the pld_clk as its clock and is ready for operation with the
Application Layer. For reliable operation, hold the Application
Layer in reset until pld_clk_inuse is asserted.
pld_core_ready
Input
When asserted, indicates that the Application Layer is ready for
operation and is providing a stable clock to the pld_clk input. If
the coreclkout_hip Hard IP output clock is sourcing the pld_
clk Hard IP input, this input can be connected to the serdes_
pll_locked output.
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Reset, Status, and Link Training Signals
Signal
Direction
reset_status
Output
serdes_pll_locked
Output
Description
Active high reset status signal. When asserted, this signal
indicates that the Hard IP clock is in reset. The reset_status
signal is synchronous to the pld_clk clock and is deasserted only
when the npor is deasserted and the Hard IP for PCI Express is
not in reset (reset_status_hip = 0). You should use reset_
status to drive the reset of your Application Layer. It resets the
Hard IP at power-up, for hot reset and link down events.
When asserted, indicates that the PLL that generates the
coreclkout_hip clock signal is locked. In pipe simulation mode
this signal is always asserted.
testin_zero
Output
When asserted, indicates accelerated initialization for simulation
is active.
Table 4-14: Status and Link Training Signals
The following table describes additional signals related to the reset function for the including the
ltsssm_state[4:0] bus that indicates the current link training state. These signals are not top-level signals of the
Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express IP Core with SR-IOV. They are listed here to assist in debugging link training
issues.
Signal
(4)
Direction
Description
cfg_par_err
Output
Indicates that a parity error in a TLP routed to the internal
Configuration Space. This error is also logged in the Vendor
Specific Extended Capability internal error register. You must
reset the Hard IP if this error occurs.
derr_cor_ext_rcv
Output
Indicates a corrected error in the RX buffer. This signal is for
debug only. It is not valid until the RX buffer is filled with data.
This is a pulse, not a level, signal. Internally, the pulse is
generated with the 500 MHz clock. A pulse extender extends the
signal so that the FPGA fabric running at 250 MHz can capture
it. Because the error was corrected by the IP core, no Application
Layer intervention is required.
derr_cor_ext_rpl
Output
Indicates a corrected ECC error in the retry buffer. This signal is
for debug only. Because the error was corrected by the IP core,
no Application Layer intervention is required.
derr_rpl
Output
Indicates an uncorrectable error in the retry buffer. This signal is
for debug only. 1
Debug signals are not rigorously verified and should only be used to observe behavior. Debug signals
should not be used to drive logic custom logic.
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Reset, Status, and Link Training Signals
Signal
Direction
4-27
Description
dlup
Output
When asserted, indicates that the Hard IP block is in the Data
Link Control and Management State Machine (DLCMSM) DL_
Up state.
dlup_exit
Output
This signal is asserted low for one pld_clk cycle when the IP
core exits the DLCMSM DL_Up state, indicating that the Data
Link Layer has lost communication with the other end of the
PCIe link and left the Up state. When this pulse is asserted, the
Application Layer should generate an internal reset signal that is
asserted for at least 32 cycles.
ev128ns
Output
Asserted every 128 ns to create a time base aligned activity.
ev1us
Output
Asserted every 1 Вµs to create a time base aligned activity.
hotrst_exit
Output
Hot reset exit. This signal is asserted for 1 clock cycle when the
LTSSM exits the hot reset state. This signal should cause the
Application Layer to be reset. This signal is active low. When this
pulse is asserted, the Application Layer should generate an
internal reset signal that is asserted for at least 32 cycles.
int_status[3:0]
Output
These signals drive legacy interrupts to the Application Layer as
follows:
•
•
•
•
int_status[0]: interrupt signal A
int_status[1]: interrupt signal B
int_status[2]: interrupt signal C
int_status[3]: interrupt signal D
l2_exit
Output
L2 exit. This signal is active low and otherwise remains high. It is
asserted for one cycle (changing value from 1 to 0 and back to 1)
after the LTSSM transitions from l2.idle to detect. When this
pulse is asserted, the Application Layer should generate an
internal reset signal that is asserted for at least 32 cycles.
lane_act[3:0]
Output
Lane Active Mode: This signal indicates the number of lanes that
configured during link training. The following encodings are
defined:
•
•
•
•
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4’b0001: 1 lane
4’b0010: 2 lanes
4’b0100: 4 lanes
4’b1000: 8 lanes
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Reset, Status, and Link Training Signals
Signal
ltssmstate[4:0]
Direction
Output
Description
LTSSM state: The LTSSM state machine encoding defines the
following states:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
rx_par_err
Altera Corporation
Output
00000: Detect.Quiet
00001: Detect.Active
00010: Polling.Active
00011: Polling.Compliance
00100: Polling.Configuration
00101: Polling.Speed
00110: config.Linkwidthstart
00111: Config.Linkaccept
01000: Config.Lanenumaccept
01001: Config.Lanenumwait
01010: Config.Complete
01011: Config.Idle
01100: Recovery.Rcvlock
01101: Recovery.Rcvconfig
01110: Recovery.Idle
01111: L0
10000: Disable
10001: Loopback.Entry
10010: Loopback.Active
10011: Loopback.Exit
10100: Hot.Reset
10101: L0s
11001: L2.transmit.Wake
11010: Speed.Recovery
11011: Recovery.Equalization, Phase 0
11100: Recovery.Equalization, Phase 1
11101: Recovery.Equalization, Phase 2
11110: recovery.Equalization, Phase 3
When asserted for a single cycle, indicates that a parity error was
detected in a TLP at the input of the RX buffer. This error is
logged as an uncorrectable internal error in the VSEC registers.
For more information, refer to Uncorrectable Internal Error
Status Register. If this error occurs, you must reset the Hard IP if
this error occurs because parity errors can leave the Hard IP in an
unknown state.
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Transceiver Reconfiguration
Signal
tx_par_err[1:0]
Direction
Output
4-29
Description
When asserted for a single cycle, indicates a parity error during
TX TLP transmission. These errors are logged in the VSEC
register. The following encodings are defined:
• 2’b10: A parity error was detected by the TX Transaction
Layer. The TLP is nullified and logged as an uncorrectable
internal error in the VSEC registers. For more information,
refer to Uncorrectable Internal Error Status Register.
• 2’b01: Some time later, the parity error is detected by the TX
Data Link Layer which drives 2’b01 to indicate the error.
Altera recommends resetting the Stratix V Hard IP for PCI
Express when this error is detected. Contact Altera if resetting
becomes unworkable.
Note that not all simulation models assert the Transaction Layer
error bit in conjunction with the Data Link Layer error bit.
Related Information
• Reset and Clocks on page 6-1
• PCI Express Card Electromechanical Specification 2.0
Transceiver Reconfiguration
Dynamic reconfiguration compensates for variations due to process, voltage and temperature (PVT).
Among the analog settings that you can reconfigure are VOD, pre-emphasis, and equalization.
You can use the Altera Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller to dynamically reconfigure analog
settings. For more information about instantiating the Altera Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller IP
core refer to Hard IP Reconfiguration .
Table 4-15: Transceiver Control Signals
In this table, <n> is the number of interfaces required.
Signal Name
reconfig_from_
xcvr[(<n>46)-1:0]
reconfig_to_xcvr[(<n>
70)-1:0]
Direction
Output
Input
Description
Reconfiguration signals to the Transceiver Reconfiguration
Controller.
Reconfiguration signals from the Transceiver Reconfiguration
Controller.
The following table shows the number of logical reconfiguration and physical interfaces required for
various configurations. The Quartus II Fitter merges logical interfaces to minimize the number of physical
interfaces configured in the hardware. Typically, one logical interface is required for each channel and one
for each PLL. The Г—8 variants require an extra channel for PCS clock routing and control. The Г—8 variants
use channel 4 for clocking.
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Serial Data Signals
Table 4-16: Number of Logical and Physical Reconfiguration Interfaces
Variant
Logical Interfaces
Gen2 Г—4
5
Gen1 and Gen2 Г—8
10
Gen3 Г—4
6
Gen3 Г—8
11
For more information about the Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller, refer to the Transceiver Reconfi‐
guration Controller chapter in the Altera Transceiver PHY IP Core User Guide .
Related Information
Altera Transceiver PHY IP Core User Guide
Serial Data Signals
Table 4-17: 1-Bit Interface Signals
Signal
Direction
tx_out[7:0](1)
Output
rx_in[7:0] (1)
Input
Description
Transmit output. These signals are the serial outputs of lanes 7–0.
Receive input. These signals are the serial inputs of lanes 7–0.
Note:
1. The x1 IP core only has lane 0. The x2 IP core only has lanes 1–0. The x4 IP core only has lanes 3–0.
Refer to Pin-out Files for Altera Devices for pin-out tables for all Altera devices in .pdf, .txt, and .xls
formats.
Transceiver channels are arranged in groups of six. For GX devices, the lowest six channels on the left side
of the device are labeled GXB_L0, the next group is GXB_L1, and so on. Channels on the right side of the
device are labeled GXB_R0, GXB_R1, and so on. Be sure to connect the Hard IP for PCI Express on the
left side of the device to appropriate channels on the left side of the device, as specified in the Pin-out Files
for Altera Devices.
Related Information
Pin-out Files for Altera Devices
Physical Layout of Hard IP In Stratix V Devices
Stratix V devices include one, two, or four Hard IP for PCI Express IP cores. The following figures
illustrate the placement of the PCIe IP cores, transceiver banks, and channels for the largest Stratix V
Altera Corporation
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Physical Layout of Hard IP In Stratix V Devices
devices. Note that the bottom left IP core includes the CvP functionality. The other Hard IP blocks do not
include the CvP functionality.
Figure 4-13: Stratix V Devices with Four PCIe Hard IP Blocks
IOBANK_B5L
3 Ch
3 Ch
IOBANK_B5R
IOBANK_B4L
6 Ch
6 Ch
IOBANK_B4R
IOBANK_B3L
6 Ch
6 Ch
IOBANK_B3R
IOBANK_B2L
6 Ch
6 Ch
IOBANK_B2R
IOBANK_B1L
6 Ch
6 Ch
IOBANK_B1R
IOBANK_B0L
6 Ch
6 Ch
IOBANK_B0R
PCIe
Hard
IP
PCIe
Hard
IP
with
CvP
PCIe
Hard
IP
PCIe
Hard
IP
Transceiver
Bank Names
Number of Channels
Per Bank
Ch 5
Ch 4
Ch 3
Ch 2
Ch 1
Ch 0
Transceiver
Bank Names
Number of Channels
Per Bank
Smaller devices include the following PCIe Hard IP Cores:
• One Hard IP for PCIe IP core - bottom left IP core with CvP, located at GX banks L0 and L1
• Two Hard IP for PCIe IP cores - bottom left IP core with CvP and bottom right IP Core, located at
banks L0 and L1, and banks R0 and R1
Refer to Stratix V GX/GT Channel and PCIe Hard IP (HIP) Layout for comprehensive information on the
number of Hard IP for PCIe IP cores available in various Stratix V packages.
Related Information
Transceiver Architecture in Stratix V Devices
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Channel Placement in Arria V GZ and Stratix V GX/GT/GS Devices
Channel Placement in Arria V GZ and Stratix V GX/GT/GS Devices
Figure 4-14: Arria V GZ and Stratix V GX/GT/GS Gen1 and Gen2 Channel Placement Using the CMU PLL
In the following figures the channels shaded in blue provide the transmit CMU PLL generating the highspeed serial clock.
x1
ATX PLL1
ATX PLL0
Ch5
Ch4
Ch3
Ch2
CMU PLL
Ch0
PCIe Hard IP
x8
Ch0
x2
ATX PLL1
ATX PLL0
Ch5
CMU PLL
Ch3
Ch2
Ch1
Ch0
PCIe Hard IP
Ch1
Ch0
x4
ATX PLL1
ATX PLL0
Altera Corporation
Ch5
CMU PLL
Ch3
Ch2
Ch1
Ch0
PCIe Hard IP
ATX PLL1
ATX PLL0
Ch11
Ch10
Ch9
Ch8
Ch7
Ch6
Ch5
CMU PLL
Ch3
Ch2
Ch1
Ch0
PCIe Hard IP
Ch7
Ch6
Ch5
Ch4
Ch3
Ch2
Ch1
Ch0
Ch3
Ch2
Ch1
Ch0
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4-33
Figure 4-15: Arria V GZ and Stratix V GX/GT/GS Gen3 Channel Placement Using the CMU and ATX PLLs
Gen3 requires two PLLs to facilitate rate switching between the Gen1, Gen2, and Gen3 data rates.
Channels shaded in blue provide the transmit CMU PLL generating the high-speed serial clock. The ATX
PLL shaded in blue is the ATX PLL used in these configurations.
x1
ATX PLL1
ATX PLL0 Gen3
Ch5
Ch4
Ch3
Ch2
CMU PLL
Ch0
PCIe Hard IP
x8
Ch0
ATX PLL1
x2
ATX PLL1 Gen3
ATX PLL0
Ch5
PCIe Hard IP
CMU PLL
Ch3
Ch2
Ch1
Ch1
Ch0
Ch0
x4
ATX PLL1 Gen3
ATX PLL0
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Ch5
PCIe Hard IP
CMU PLL
Ch3
Ch3
Ch2
Ch2
Ch1
Ch1
Ch0
Ch0
ATX PLL0
ATX PLL1 Gen3
ATX PLL0
Ch11
Ch10
Ch9
Ch8
Ch7
Ch6
Ch5
CMU PLL
Ch3
Ch2
Ch1
Ch0
PCIe Hard IP
Ch7
Ch6
Ch5
Ch4
Ch3
Ch2
Ch1
Ch0
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Channel Placement in Arria V GZ and Stratix V GX/GT/GS Devices
Figure 4-16: Arria V GZ and Stratix V GX/GT/GS Gen1 and Gen2 Channel Placement Using the ATX PLL
Selecting the ATX PLL has the following advantages over selecting the CMU PLL:
• The ATX PLL saves one channel in Gen1 and Gen2 ×1, ×2, and ×4 configurations.
• The ATX PLL has better jitter performance than the CMU PLL.
Note: You must use the soft reset controller when you select the ATX PLL and you cannot use CvP.
x1
ATX PLL1
ATX PLL0
Ch5
Ch4
Ch3
Ch2
Ch1
Ch0
PCIe Hard IP
ATX PLL1
x2
ATX PLL1
ATX PLL0
Ch5
Ch4
Ch3
Ch2
Ch1
Ch0
PCIe Hard IP
ATX PLL0
Ch1
Ch0
x4
ATX PLL1
ATX PLL0
Altera Corporation
Ch5
Ch4
Ch3
Ch2
Ch1
Ch0
x8
Ch0
PCIe Hard IP
ATX PLL1
ATX PLL0
Ch11
Ch10
Ch9
Ch8
Ch7
Ch6
Ch5
Ch4
Ch3
Ch2
Ch1
Ch0
PCIe Hard IP
Ch7
Ch6
Ch5
Ch4
Ch3
Ch2
Ch1
Ch0
Ch3
Ch2
Ch1
Ch0
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Test Signals
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Test Signals
Table 4-18: Test Interface Signals
The test_in bus provides run-time control and monitoring of the internal state of the IP core.
Signal
test_in[31:0]
Direction
Input
Description
The bits of the test_in bus have the following definitions:
• [0]: Simulation mode. This signal can be set to 1 to accelerate
initialization by reducing the value of many initialization
counters.
• [1]: Reserved. Must be set to 1’b0
• [2]: Descramble mode disable. This signal must be set to 1
during initialization in order to disable data scrambling. You
can use this bit in simulation for both Endpoints and Root
Ports to observe descrambled data on the link. Descrambled
data cannot be used in open systems because the link partner
typically scrambles the data.
• [4:3]: Reserved. Must be set to 4’b01.
• [5]: Compliance test mode. Disable/force compliance mode.
When set, prevents the LTSSM from entering compliance
mode. Toggling this bit controls the entry and exit from the
compliance state, enabling the transmission of Gen1, Gen2
and Gen3 compliance patterns.
• [6]: Forces entry to compliance mode when a timeout is
reached in the polling.active state and not all lanes have
detected their exit condition.
• [7]: Disable low power state negotiation. Altera recommends
setting thist bit.
• [31:8]: Reserved. Set to all 0s.
For more information about using the test_in to debug, refer to
the Knowledge Base Solution How can I observe the Hard IP for
PCI Express PIPE interface signals for Arria V GZ and Stratix V
devices? in the Related Links below.
currentspeed[1:0]
Output
Indicates the current speed of the PCIe link. The following
encodings are defined:
•
•
•
•
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2b’00: Undefined
2b’01: Gen1
2b’10: Gen2
2b’11: Gen3
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PIPE Interface Signals
Signal
Direction
Input
hpg_ctrler[4:0]
Description
This signal is only available in Root Port mode and when the Slot
capability register is enabled. For Endpoint variations the hpg_
ctrler input should be hardwired to 0s.
Related Information
How can I observe the Hard IP for PCI Express PIPE interface signals for Arria V GZ and Stratix V
devices?
PIPE Interface Signals
These PIPE signals are available for Gen1, Gen2, and Gen3 variants so that you can simulate using either
the serial or the PIPE interface. Simulation is faster using the PIPE interface because the PIPE simulation
bypasses the serdes model. By default, the PIPE interface is 8 bits for Gen1 and Gen2 and 32 bits for Gen3.
You can use the PIPE interface for simulation even though your actual design includes a serial interface to
the internal transceivers. However, it is not possible to use the Hard IP PIPE interface in hardware,
В®
including probing these signals using SignalTap II Embedded Logic Analyzer. These signals are not toplevel signals of the Hard IP. They are listed here to assist in debugging link training issues.
Note: The Altera Root Port BFM bypasses Gen3 Phase 2 and Phase 3 Equalization. However, Gen3
variants can perform Phase 2 and Phase 3 equalization if instructed by a third-party BFM.
Table 4-19: PIPE Interface Signals
In the following table, signals that include lane number 0 also exist for lanes 1-7. These signals are for simulation
only. For Quartus II software compilation, these pipe signals can be left floating. In Qsys, the signals that are part
of the PIPE interface have the prefix, hip_pipe. The signals which are included to simulate the PIPE interface have
the prefix, hip_pipe_sim_pipe
Signal
Direction
eidleinfersel0[2:0]
Output
Description
Electrical idle entry inference mechanism selection. The
following encodings are defined:
• 3'b0xx: Electrical Idle Inference not required in current
LTSSM state
• 3'b100: Absence of COM/SKP Ordered Set the in 128 us
window for Gen1 or Gen2
• 3'b101: Absence of TS1/TS2 Ordered Set in a 1280 UI interval
for Gen1 or Gen2
• 3'b110: Absence of Electrical Idle Exit in 2000 UI interval for
Gen1 and 16000 UI interval for Gen2
• 3'b111: Absence of Electrical idle exit in 128 us window for
Gen1
phystatus0
Altera Corporation
Input
PHY status <n>. This signal communicates completion of several
PHY requests.
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PIPE Interface Signals
Signal
powerdown0[1:0]
Direction
Output
4-37
Description
Power down <n>. This signal requests the PHY to change its
power state to the specified state (P0, P0s, P1, or P2).
rxdata0[31:0]
Input
Receive data. This bus receives data on lane <n>.
rxdatak0[3:0]
Input
Data/Control bits for the symbols of receive data. Bit 0
corresponds to the lowest-order byte of rxdata, and so on. A
value of 0 indicates a data byte. A value of 1 indicates a control
byte. For Gen1 and Gen2 only.
rxelecidle0
Input
Receive electrical idle <n>. When asserted, indicates detection of
an electrical idle.
rxpolarity0
Output
Receive polarity <n>. This signal instructs the PHY layer to
invert the polarity of the 8B/10B receiver decoding block.
rxstatus0[2:0]
Input
Receive status <n>. This signal encodes receive status and error
codes for the receive data stream and receiver detection.
rxvalid0
Input
Receive valid <n>. This symbol indicates symbol lock and valid
data on rxdata<n> and rxdatak <n>.
sim_pipe_
ltssmstate0[4:0]
Input and LTSSM state: The LTSSM state machine encoding defines the
Output following states:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
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5’b00000: Detect.Quiet
5’b 00001: Detect.Active
5’b00010: Polling.Active
5’b 00011: Polling.Compliance
5’b 00100: Polling.Configuration
5’b00101: Polling.Speed
5’b00110: config.LinkwidthsStart
5’b 00111: Config.Linkaccept
5’b 01000: Config.Lanenumaccept
5’b01001: Config.Lanenumwait
5’b01010: Config.Complete
5’b 01011: Config.Idle
5’b01100: Recovery.Rcvlock
5’b01101: Recovery.Rcvconfig
5’b01110: Recovery.Idle
5’b 01111: L0
5’b10000: Disable
5’b10001: Loopback.Entry
5’b10010: Loopback.Active
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PIPE Interface Signals
Signal
Direction
Description
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
5’b10011: Loopback.Exit
5’b10100: Hot.Reset
5’b10101: L0s
5’b11001: L2.transmit.Wake
5’b11010: Speed.Recovery
5’b11011: Recovery.Equalization, Phase 0
5’b11100: Recovery.Equalization, Phase 1
5’b11101: Recovery.Equalization, Phase 2
5’b11110: Recovery.Equalization, Phase 3
5’b11111: Recovery.Equalization, Done
sim_pipe_pclk_in
Input
This clock is used for PIPE simulation only, and is derived from
the refclk. It is the PIPE interface clock used for PIPE mode
simulation.
sim_pipe_rate[1:0]
Input
Specifies the data rate. The 2-bit encodings have the following
meanings:
• 2’b00: Gen1 rate (2.5 Gbps)
• 2’b01: Gen2 rate (5.0 Gbps)
• 2’b1X: Gen3 rate (8.0 Gbps)
txcompl0
Output
Transmit compliance <n>. This signal forces the running
disparity to negative in compliance mode (negative COM
character).
txdata0[31:0]
Output
Transmit data. This bus transmits data on lane <n>.
txdatak0[3:0]
Output
Transmit data control <n>. This signal serves as the control bit
for txdata <n>. Bit 0 corresponds to the lowest-order byte of
rxdata, and so on. A value of 0 indicates a data byte. A value of 1
indicates a control byte. For Gen1 and Gen2 only.
txdataskip0
Output
For Gen3 operation. Allows the MAC to instruct the TX interface
to ignore the TX data interface for one clock cycle. The following
encodings are defined:
• 1’b0: TX data is invalid
• 1’b1: TX data is valid
txdeemph0
Altera Corporation
Output
Transmit de-emphasis selection. The value for this signal is set
based on the indication received from the other end of the link
during the Training Sequences (TS). You do not need to change
this value.
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PIPE Interface Signals
Signal
Direction
4-39
Description
txdetectrx0
Output
Transmit detect receive <n>. This signal tells the PHY layer to
start a receive detection operation or to begin loopback.
txelecidle0
Output
Transmit electrical idle <n>. This signal forces the TX output to
electrical idle.
tx_margin0[2:0]
Output
Transmit VOD margin selection. The value for this signal is based
on the value from the Link Control 2 Register. Available for
simulation only.
txswing0
Output
When asserted, indicates full swing for the transmitter voltage.
When deasserted indicates half swing.
txsynchd0[1:0]
Output
For Gen3 operation, specifies the block type. The following
encodings are defined:
• 2'b01: Ordered Set Block
• 2'b10: Data Block
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Correspondence between Configuration Space Registers and the PCIe
Specification
Table 5-1: Correspondence Configuration Space Capability Structures and PCIe Base Specification
Description
Byte Address
SR-IOV Bridge Configuration Space Register
Corresponding Section in PCIe Specification
0x000:0x03C
PCI Header Type 0 Configuration Registers
Type 0 Configuration Space Header
0x040:0x04C
Reserved
N/A
0x050:0x064
MSI Capability Structure
MSI Capability Structure
0x068:0x070
MSI-X Capability Structure
MSI-X Capability Structure
0x070:0x074
Reserved
N/A
0x078:0x07C
Power Management Capability Structure
PCI Power Management Capability
Structure
0x080:0x0B0
PCI Express Capability Structure
PCI Express Capability Structure
0x0B4:0x0FF
Reserved
PCIe spec corresponding section name
0x100:0x104
Alternative Routing ID (ARI) Capability
Structure.
Alternative Routing ID (ARI) Capability
Structure.
(5)
(5)
This capability only exists if ARI is enabled.
В© 2014 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. ALTERA, ARRIA, CYCLONE, ENPIRION, MAX, MEGACORE, NIOS, QUARTUS and STRATIX words and logos are
trademarks of Altera Corporation and registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries. All other words and logos identified as
trademarks or service marks are the property of their respective holders as described at www.altera.com/common/legal.html. Altera warrants performance
of its semiconductor products to current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any
products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability arising out of the application or use of any information,
product, or service described herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera. Altera customers are advised to obtain the latest version of device
specifications before relying on any published information and before placing orders for products or services.
www.altera.com
101 Innovation Drive, San Jose, CA 95134
ISO
9001:2008
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Correspondence between Configuration Space Registers and the PCIe Specification
Byte Address
SR-IOV Bridge Configuration Space Register
0x140:0x168 - Advanced Error Reporting AER (optional)
ARI supported
Corresponding Section in PCIe Specification
Advanced Error Reporting Capability
0x100:0x128 No ARI
support
0x180:0x1BC
Single-Root I/O Virtualization (SR-IOV)
Capability Structure(6)
SR-IOV Extended Capability Header in
Single Root I/O Virtualization and
Sharing Specification, Rev. 1.1
0x200:0x218
Secondary PCI Express Extended Capability
Structure(7)
Secondary PCI Express Extended
Capability
0x21C:0xFFF
Reserved
N/A
Related Information
PCI Express Base Specification 2.1 or 3.0
(6)
(7)
SR-IOV Capability only exists if you enable SR-IOV support
When you enable Gen3, the PF0 configuration space supports the Secondary PCI Express Extended
Capability Structure
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PCI and PCI Express Configuration Space Registers
5-3
PCI and PCI Express Configuration Space Registers
Type 0 Configuration Space Registers
Figure 5-1: Type 0 Configuration Space Registers - Byte Address Offsets and Layout
Endpoints store configuration data in the Type 0 Configuration Space.
0x000
0x004
0x008
0x00C
0x010
0x014
0x018
0x01C
0x020
0x024
0x028
0x02C
0x030
0x034
0x038
0x03C
31
24 23
Device ID
Status
16 15
87
Vendor ID
Command
Class Code
0
Revision ID
0x00
Header Type
0x00
Cache Line Size
BAR Registers
BAR Registers
BAR Registers
BAR Registers
BAR Registers
BAR Registers
Reserved
Subsystem Device ID
Subsystem Vendor ID
Expansion ROM Base Address
Reserved
Capabilities Pointer
0x00
Reserved
Interrupt Pin
Interrupt Line
Table 5-2: Correspondence Configuration Space Capability Structures and PCIe Base Specification Descrip‐
tion
The following talbe lists the appropriate section of the PCI Express Base Specification that describes these registers.
Refer to the PCI Express Base Specification for more information.
Byte Address
0x000
Device ID Vendor ID
Type 0 Configuration Space Header
0x004
Status Command
Type 0 Configuration Space Header
0x008
Class Code Revision ID
Type 0 Configuration Space Header
0x00C
0x00 Header Type 0x00 Cache Line Size
Type 0 Configuration Space Header
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PCI and PCI Express Configuration Space Register Content
Byte Address
0x010
Base Address 0
Base Address Registers (Offset 10h 24h)
0x014
Base Address 1
Base Address Registers (Offset 10h 24h)
0x018
Base Address 2
Base Address Registers (Offset 10h 24h)
0x01C
Base Address 3
Base Address Registers (Offset 10h 24h)
0x020
Base Address 4
Base Address Registers (Offset 10h 24h)
0x024
Base Address 5
Base Address Registers (Offset 10h 24h)
0x028
Reserved
0x02C
Subsystem Device ID Subsystem Vendor Type 0 Configuration Space Header
ID
0x030
Reserved
0x034
Capabilities PTR
Type 0 Configuration Space Header
0x038
Reserved
Type 0 Configuration Space Header
0x03C
0x00 Interrupt Pin Interrupt Line
Type 0 Configuration Space Header
PCI and PCI Express Configuration Space Register Content
For comprehensive information about these registers, refer to Chapter 7 of the PCI Express Base Specifica‐
tion Revision 3.0.
Related Information
PCI Express Base Specification Revision 3.0.
Interrupt Line and Interrupt Pin Register
These registers are used only when you configure the Physical Function (PF) to support PCI legacy
interrupts. The following sequence of events implements a legacy interrupt:
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Interrupt Line and Interrupt Pin Register
5-5
1. A rising edge on app_intx_req indicates the assertion of the corresponding legacy interrupt from the
client.
2. In response, the PF drives Assert_INTx to activate a legacy interrupt.
3. A falling edge on app_int_sts_x indicates the deassertion of the corresponding legacy interrupt from
the client.
4. In response, the PF sends Deassert_INTx to deactivate the legacy interrupt.
The Interrupt Pin register specifies the interrupt input used to signal interrupts. The PFs may be
configured with separate interrupt pins. Or, both PFs may share a common interrupt pin. You configure
the Interrupt Pin register in Qsys.
The Interrupt Line register specifies the interrupt controller (IRQ0–IRQ15) input of the in the Root
Port activated by each Assert_INTx message. You configure the Interrupt Line register in Qsys.
Table 5-3: Interrupt Line and Interrupt Pin Register -0x03C
Bit Location
Description
[15:11]
Not implemented
[10:8]
Interrupt Pin register. When legacy interrupts are enabled,
specifies the pin this function uses to signal an interrupt . The
following encodings are defined:
•
•
•
•
[7:0]
Access
0
RO
Specify in Qsys
RO
Specify in Qsys
RO
3'b001: INTA_IN
3'b010: INTB_IN
3'b011: INTC_IN
3'b100: INTD_IN
Interrupt Line register. Identifies the interrupt controller IRQx
input of the Root Port that is activated by this function’s
interrupt. The following encodings are defined:
•
•
•
•
•
Default Value
6'h000000: IRQ0
6'h000001: IRQ1
6'h000002: IRQ2
...
6'h0000FF: unknown or not connected
Related Information
PCI Local Bus Specification 3.0
Registers
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MSI Registers
MSI Registers
Figure 5-2: MSI Register Byte Address Offsets and Layout
31
0x050
0x054
0x058
24 23
16 15
Message Control
Configuration MSI Control Status
Next Cap Ptr
Register Field Descriptions
Message Address
Message Upper Address
0x05C
Reserved
87
0
Capability ID
Message Data
Table 5-4: MSI Control Register - 0x050
Bits
Register Description
Default Value
Access
[31:25]
Not implemented
0
RO
[24]
Per-Vector Masking Capable. This bit is hardwired to 1. The
design always supports per-vector masking of MSI interrupts.
1
RO
[23]
64-bit Addressing Capable. When set, the device is capable of
using 64-bit addresses for MSI interrupts.
Set in Qsys
RO
[22:20]
Multiple Message Enable. This field defines the number of
interrupt vectors for this function. The following encodings are
defined:
0
RW
Set in Qsys
RO
•
•
•
•
•
•
3'b000: 1 vector
3'b001: 2 vectors
3'b010: 4 vectors
3'b011: 8 vectors
3'b100: 16 vectors
3'b101: 32 vectors
The Multiple Message Capable field specifies the maximum
value allowed.
[19:17]
Multiple Message Capable. Defines the maximum number of
interrupt vectors the function is capable of supporting. The
following encodings are defined:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Altera Corporation
3'b000: 1 vector
3'b001: 2 vectors
3'b010: 4 vectors
3'b011: 8 vectors
3'b100: 16 vectors
3'b101: 32 vectors
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MSI Registers
Bits
Register Description
[16]
MSI Enable. This bit must be set to enable the MSI interrupt
generation.
[15:8]
Next Capability Pointer. Points to either MSI-X or Power
Management Capability.
[7:0]
Capability ID. PCI-SIG assigns this value.
5-7
Default Value
Access
0
RW
0x68 or 0x78
RO
0x05
RO
Default Value
Access
Table 5-5: MSI Message Address Registers - 0x054 and 0x058
Bits
Register Description
[1:0]
The two least significant bits of the memory address. These are
hardwired to 0 to align the memory address on a Dword
boundary.
0
RO
[31:2]
Lower address for the MSI interrupt.
0
RW
[31:0]
Upper 32 bits of the 64-bit address to be used for the MSI
interrupt. If the 64-bit Addressing Capable bit in the MSI
Control register is set to 1, this value is concatenated with the
lower 32-bits to form the memory address for the MSI interrupt.
When the 64-bit Addressing Capable bit is 0, this register
always reads as 0.
0
RW
Table 5-6: MSI Message Data Register - 0x058 (32-bit addressing) or 0x05C (64-bit addressing) Register
Bits
Register Description
Default Value
Access
[15:0]
Data for MSI Interrupts generated by this function. This base
value is written to Root Port memory to signal an MSI interrupt.
When one MSI vector is allowed, this value is used directly. When
2 MSI vectors are allowed, the upper 15 bits are used. And, the
least significant bit indicates the interrupt number. When 4 MSI
vectors are allowed, the lower 2 bits indicate the interrupt
number, and so on.
0
RW
[31:16
Reserved
0
RO
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MSI-X Capability Structure
Table 5-7: MSI Mask Register - 0x05C (32-bit addressing) or 0x060 (64-bit addressing)
Bits
31:0
Register Description
Default Value
Access
Mask bits for MSI interrupts. The number of implemented bits
depends on the number of MSI vectors configured. When one
MSI vectors is used , only bit 0 is RW. The other bits read as
zeroes. When two MSI vectors are used, bits [1:0] are RW, and so
on. A one in a bit position masks the corresponding MSI
interrupt.
See description
0
Table 5-8: Pending Bits for MSI Interrupts Register - 0x060 (32-bit addressing) or 0x064 (64-bit addressing)
Bits
31:0
Register Description
Default Value
Access
Pending bits for MSI interrupts. A 1 in a bit position indicated the
corresponding MSI interrupt is pending in the core. The number
of implemented bits depends on the number of MSI vectors
configured. When 1 MSI vectors is used, only bit 0 is RW. The
other bits read as zeroes. When 2 MSI vectors are used, bits [1:0]
are RW, and so on.
RO
0
Related Information
PCI Local Bus Specification 3.0
MSI-X Capability Structure
Figure 5-3: MSI-X Capability Registers - Byte Address Offsets and Layout
31
0x068
24 23
Message Control
16 15
87
Next Cap Ptr
0x06C
MSI-X Table Offset
0x070
MSI-X Pending Bit Array (PBA) Offset
3 2
0
Capability ID
MSI-X
Table BAR
Indicator
MSI-X
Pending
Bit Array
- BAR
Indicator
Table 5-9: MSI-X Capability ID, Capability Pointer and Mask Register - 0x068
Bits
[31]
Altera Corporation
Register Description
MSI-X Enable. When set, enables MSI-X interrupt generation.
Default Value
Access
0
RW
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MSI-X Capability Structure
Bits
Register Description
Default Value
Access
[30]
MSI-X Function Mask. When set, masks all MSI-X interrupts
from this function.
0
RW
[29:27]
Reserved.
0
RO
[26:16 ]
Size of the MSI-X Table. The value in this field is 1 less than the
size of the table set up for this function. The maximum value is
0x7FF, or 4096 interrupt vectors.
Set in Qsys
RO
[15:8]
Next Capability Pointer. Points to Power Management Capability.
0x80
RO
[7:0]
Capability ID. PCI-SIG assigns this ID.
0x11
RO
Default Value
Access
Table 5-10: MSI-X Table Offset BAR Indicator Register - 0x06C
Bits
[2:0]
Register Description
MSI-X Table BAR Indicator. Specifies the BAR number whose
address range contains the MSI-X Table.
•
•
•
•
•
•
[31:3]
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Set in Qsys
RO
Set in Qsys
RO
3'b000: BAR0
3'b001: BAR1
3'b010: BAR2
3'b011: BAR3
3'b100: BAR4
3'b101: BAR5
Specifies the memory address offset for the MSI-X Table relative
to the BAR base address value of the BAR number specified in
MSI-X Table BAR Indicator,[2:0] above. The address is extended
by appending 3 zeroes to create quad-word alignment.
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Power Management Capability Structure
Table 5-11: MSI-X Pending Bit Array (PBA) Offset Register - 0x070
Bits
[2:0]
Register Description
MSI-X Pending Bit Array BAR Indicator. Specifies the BAR
number whose address range contains the Pending Bit Array
(PBA) table for this function. The following encodings are
defined:
Access
Set in Qsys
RO
Specifies the memory address offset for the PBA relative to the
Set in Qsys
specified base address value of the BAR number specified in MSIX Pending Bit Array BAR Indicator, at [2:0] above. The address is
extended by appending 3 zeroes to create quad-word alignment.
RO
•
•
•
•
•
•
[31:3]
Default Value
3'b000: BAR0
3'b001: BAR1
3'b010: BAR2
3'b011: BAR3
3'b100: BAR4
3'b101: BAR5
Related Information
PCI Local Bus Specification 3.0
Power Management Capability Structure
Figure 5-4: Power Management Capability Structure - Byte Address Offsets and Layout
31
0x078
0x07C
Altera Corporation
24 23
16 15
87
Capabilities Register
Next Cap Ptr
Capability ID
PM Control/Status
Data
Power Management Status and Control
Bridge Extensions
0
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PCI Express Capability Structure
5-11
PCI Express Capability Structure
Figure 5-5: PCI Express Capability Structure - Byte Address Offsets and Layout
In the following table showing the PCI Express Capability Structure, registers that are not applicable to a
device are reserved.
31
0x080
24 23
16 15
PCI Express Capabilities Register
0x084
0x088
0x08C
0x090
0x094
0x098
0x09C
0x0A0
0x0A4
0x0A8
0x0AC
0x0B0
87
Next Cap Pointer
PCI Express
Capabilities ID
0
Device Capabilities
Device Status
Device Control
Link Capabilities
Link Status
Slot Capabilities
Slot Status
Root Capabilities
Device Status 2
Link Control
Slot Control
Root Control
Root Status
Device Compatibilities 2
Device Control 2
Link Capabilities 2
Link Status 2
Link Control 2
Table 5-12: PCI Express Capability Register - 0x080
Bits
Description
Default Value
Access
0
RO
[31:19]
Reserved
[18:16]
Version ID: Version of Power Management Capability.
0x3
RO
[15:8]
Next Capability Pointer: Points to the PCI Express Capability.
0x80
RO
[7:0]
Capability ID assigned by PCI-SIG.
0x01
RO
Table 5-13: PCI Express Device Capabilities Register -0x084
Bits
Description
Default Value
Access
Set in Qsys
RO
0
RO
Set in Qsys
RO
[2:0]
Maximum Payload Size supported by the Function. Can be
configured as 000 (128 bytes) or 001 (256 bytes)
[4:3]
Reserved
[5]
Extended tags supported
[8:6]
Acceptable L0S latency
0
RO
[11:9]
Acceptable L1 latency
0
RO
[14:12]
Reserved
0
RO
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PCI Express Capability Structure
Bits
Description
Default Value
Access
[15]
Role-Based error reporting supported
1
RO
[17:16]
Reserved
0
RO
[27:18]
Captured Slot Power Limit Value and Scale: Not
implemented
0
RO
[28]
FLR Capable. Indicates that the device has FLR capability
Set in Qsys
RO
[31:29 ]
Reserved
0
RO
Default Value
Access
Table 5-14: PCI Express Device Control and Status Register - 0x088
Bits
Description
[0
Enable Correctable Error Reporting.
0
RW
[1]
Enable Non-Fatal Error Reporting.
0
RW
[2]
Enable Fatal Error Reporting.
0
RW
[3]
Enable Unsupported Request (UR) Reporting.
0
RW
[4]
Enable Relaxed Ordering.
Set in Qsys
RW
[7:5]
Maximum Payload Size.
0 (128 bytes)
RW
[8]
Extended Tag Field Enable.
0
RW
[10:9]
Reserved.
0
RO
[11]
Enable No-Snoop.
1
RW
[14:12]
Maximum Read Request Size.
2 (512 bytes)
RW
[15]
Function-Level Reset. Writing a 1 generates a Function-Level
Reset for this Function if the FLR Capable bit of the Device
Capabilities Register is set. This bit always reads as 0.
0
RW
[16]
Correctable Error detected.
0
RW1C
[17]
Non-Fatal Error detected.
0
RW1C
[18]
Fatal Error detected.
0
RW1C
[19]
Unsupported Request detected.
0
RW1C
[20]
Reserved.
0
RO
[21]
Transaction Pending: Indicates that a Non- Posted request
issued by this Function is still pending.
0
RO
Default Value
Access
1: 2.5 GT/s
RO
Table 5-15: Link Capabilities Register - 0x08C
Bits
[3:0]
Description
Maximum Link Speed
2: 5.0 GT/s
3: 8.0 GT/s
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PCI Express Capability Structure
Bits
Description
5-13
Default Value
Access
1, 2, 4 or 8
RO
[9:4]
Maximum Link Width
[10]
ASPM Support for L0S state
0
RO
[11]
ASPM Support for L1 state
0
RO
[14:12]
L0S Exit Latency
0x6
RO
[17:15]
L1 Exit Latency
0
RO
[21:18]
Reserved
0
RO
[22]
ASPM Optionality Compliance
1
RO
[31:23]
Reserved
0
RO
Default Value
Access
Table 5-16: Link Control and Status Register - 0x090
Bits
Description
[1:0]
ASPM Control
0
RW
[2]
Reserved
0
RO
[3]
Read Completion Boundary
0
RW
[5:4]
Reserved
0
RO
[6]
Common Clock Configuration
0
RW
[7]
Extended Synch
0
RW
[15:8]
Reserved
0
RO
[19:16]
Negotiated Link Speed
0
RO
[25:20]
Negotiated Link Width
0
RO
[27:26]
Reserved
0
RO
[28]
Slot Clock Configuration
1
RO
[31:29]
Reserved
0
RO
Default Value
Access
0xF
RO
Table 5-17: PCI Express Device Capabilities 2 Register - 0x0A4
Bits
Description
[3:0]
Completion Timeout ranges
[4]
Completion Timeout disable supported
1
RO
[31:5]
Reserved
0
RO
Default Value
Access
0xF
RW
1
RW
Table 5-18: PCI Express Device Control and Status 2 Register - 0x0A8
Bits
Description
[3:0]
Completion Timeout value
[4]
Completion Timeout disable
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PCI Express Capability Structure
Bits
[31:5]
Description
Reserved
Default Value
Access
0
RO
Default Value
Access
0
RO
1 (2.5 GT/s)
RO
Table 5-19: Link Capabilities 2 Register - 0x0AC
Bits
Description
[0]
Reserved
[3:1]
Link speeds supported
3 (5.0 GT/s)
7 (8.0 GT/s)
[31:4]
Reserved
0
RO
Default Value
Access
1: Gen1
RWS
Table 5-20: Link Control and Status 2 Register - 0x0B0
Bits
[3:0]
Description
Target Link Speed
2: Gen2
3: Gen3
[4]
Enter Compliance
0
RWS
[5]
Hardware Autonomous Speed Disable
0
RW
[6]
Selectable De-emphasis
0
RO
[9:7]
Transmit Margin
0
RWS
[10]
Enter Modified Compliance
0
RWS
[11]
Compliance SOS
0
RWS
[15:12]
Compliance Preset/De-emphasis
0
RWS
[16]
Current De-emphasis Level
0
RO
[17]
Equalization Complete
0
RO
[18]
Equalization Phase 1 Successful
0
RO
[19]
Equalization Phase 2 Successful
0
RO
[20]
Equalization Phase 3 Successful
0
RO
[21]
Link Equalization Request
0
RW1C
[31:22]
Reserved
0
RO
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ARI Enhanced Capability Header and Control Register
ARI Enhanced Capability Header and Control Register
Table 5-21: ARI Extended Capabilities Registers
Address
(hex)
Name
Description
0x100
ARI Enhanced Capability
Header
PCI Express Extended Capability ID for ARI and next capability
pointer.
0x104
ARI Capability Register, ARI The lower 16 bits implement the ARI Capability Register. The
Control Register
upper 16 bits implement the ARI Control Register.
Table 5-22: ARI Enhanced Capability ID - 0x100
Bits
Register Description
Default Value
Access
0x000E
RO
1
RO
Default Value
[15:0]
PCI Express Extended Capability ID.
[19:16]
Capability Version.
Default Value
[31:20]
Next Capability Pointer: When ARI support is enabled, points to
AER Capability. Otherwise, points to NULL.
0x140
RO
Default Value
Access
Table 5-23: ARI Enhanced Capability Header and Control Register - 0x104
Bits
Register Description
[0]
Specifies support for arbitration at the Function group level. Not
implemented.
0
RO
[7:1]
Reserved.
0
RO
[15:8]
ARI Next Function Pointer. Pointer to the next PF.
1
RO
[31:61]
Reserved.
0
RO
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Advanced Error Reporting (AER) Enhanced Capability Header Register
Advanced Error Reporting (AER) Enhanced Capability Header Register
Table 5-24: AER Enhanced Capability Header Register - 0x140 (ARI supported) or 0x100 (ARI not
supported)
Bits
Register Description
[15:0]
PCI Express Extended Capability ID
[19:16]
Capability Version
[31:20]
Next Capability Pointer: Points to AER Capability. Its value is
depends on SR-IOV support, the number of VFs associated with
this PF, and the data rate:
Default Value
Access
0x000E
RO
1
RO
0x500
RO
• If SR-IOV support is enabled and at least one VF is attached to
this function, AER Next Cap = 0x180, which points to SR-IOV
Capability.
• Else if Gen3, AER Next Cap pointer = 0x200 which points to
Secondary PCI Express Capability.
• Otherwise, AER Next Pointer = NULL.
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SR-IOV Virtualization Extended Capabilities Registers
SR-IOV Virtualization Extended Capabilities Registers
Figure 5-6: SR-IOV Virtualization Extended Capabilities Registers
31
0x180
0x184
0x188
0x18C
0x190
0x194
0x198
0x19C
0x1A0
0x1A4
0x1A8
0x1AC
0x1B0
0x1B4
0x1B8
0x1BC
24 23
20 19
16 15
Capability
Next Capability Offset
PCI Express Extended Capability ID
Version
SR-IOV Capabilities
SR-IOV Status
SR-IOV Control
TotalVFs (RO)
InitialVFs (RO)
Function
Dependency
RsvdP
NumVFs (RW)
Link (RO)
VF Stride (RO)
First VF Offset (RO)
VF Device ID (RO)
RsvdP
Supported Pages Sizes (RO)
System Page Size (RW)
VF BAR0 (RW)
VF BAR1 (RW)
VF BAR2 (RW)
VF BAR3 (RW)
VF BAR4 (RW)
VF BAR5 (RW)
VF Migration State Array Offset (RO)
0
Table 5-25: SR-IOV Virtualization Extended Capabilities Registers
Address
(hex)
Name
Description
0x180
SR-IOV Extended Capability PCI Express Extended Capability ID for SR-IOV and next
Header
capability pointer.
0x184
SR-IOV Capabilities Register Lists supported capabilities of the SR-IOV implementation.
0x188
SR-IOV Control and Status
Registers
The lower 16 bits implement the SR-IOV Control Register. The
upper 16 bits implement the SR-IOV Status Register.
0x18C
InitialVFs/TotalVFs
The lower 16 bits specify the initial number of VFs attached to
PF0. The upper 16 bits specify the total number of PFs available
for attaching to PF0.
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SR-IOV Virtualization Extended Capabilities Registers
Address
(hex)
Name
Description
0x190
Function Dependency Link,
NumVFs
The Function Dependency field describes dependencies between
Physical Functions. The NumVFs field contains the number of
VFs currently configured for use.
0x0194
VF Offset/Stride
Specifies the offset and stride values used to assign routing IDs to
the VFs.
0x198
VF Device ID
Specifies VF Device ID assigned to the device.
0x19C
Supported Page Sizes
Specifies all page sizes supported by the device.
0x1A0
System Page Size
Stores the page size currently selected.
0x1A4
VF BAR 0
VF Base Address Register 0. Can be used independently as a 32bit BAR, or combined with VF BAR 1 to form a 64-bit BAR.
0x1A8
VF BAR 1
VF Base Address Register 1. Can be used independently as a 32bit BAR, or combined with VF BAR 0 to form a 64-bit BAR.
0x1AC
VF BAR 2
VF Base Address Register 2. Can be used independently as a 32bit BAR, or combined with VF BAR 3 to form a 64-bit BAR.
0x1B0
VF BAR 3
VF Base Address Register 3. Can be used independently as a 32bit BAR, or combined with VF BAR 2 to form a 64-bit BAR.
0x1B4
VF BAR 4
VF Base Address Register 4. Can be used independently as a 32bit BAR, or combined with VF BAR 5 to form a 64-bit BAR.
0x1B8
VF BAR 5
VF Base Address Register 5. Can be used independently as a 32bit BAR, or combined with VF BAR 4 to form a 64-bit BAR.
0x1BC
VF Migration State Array
Offset
Not implemented.
Secondary PCI Express Extended Capability Structure (Gen3, PF 0 only)
0x200
Secondary PCI Express
Extended Capability Header
PCI Express Extended Capability ID for Secondary PCI Express
Capability, and next capability pointer.
0x204
Link Control 3 Register
Not implemented.
0x208
Lane Error Status Register
Per-lane error status bits.
0x20C
Lane Equalization Control
Register 0
Transmitter Preset and Receiver Preset Hint values for Lanes 0
and 1 of remote device. These values are captured during Link
Equalization.
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Advanced Error Capabilities and Control Register
Address
(hex)
Name
Description
0x210
Lane Equalization Control
Register 1
Transmitter Preset and Receiver Preset Hint values for Lanes 2
and 3 of remote device. These values are captured during Link
Equalization.
0x214
Lane Equalization Control
Register 2
Transmitter Preset and Receiver Preset Hint values for Lanes 4
and 5 of remote device. These values are captured during Link
Equalization.
0x218
Lane Equalization Control
Register 3
Transmitter Preset and Receiver Preset Hint values for Lanes 6
and 7 of remote device. These values are captured during Link
Equalization.
Advanced Error Capabilities and Control Register
Table 5-26: Advanced Error Capabilities and Control Register - 0x158 (ARI supported) or 0x118 (ARI not
supported)
Bits
Register Description
Default Value
Access
0
ROS
[4:0]
First Error Pointer
[5]
ECRC Generation Capable
Set in Qsys
RO
[6]
ECRC Generation Enable
0
RW
[7]
ECRC Check Capable
Set in Qsys
RO
[8]
ECRC Check Enable
0
RW
[31:9]
Reserved
0
RO
VF Base Address Registers (BARs) 0-5
Each PF implements six BARs. You can specify BAR settings in Qsys. You can configure VF BARs as 32bit memories. Or you can combine VF BAR0 and BAR1 to form a 64-bit memory BAR. VF BAR 0 may
also be designated as prefetchable or non-prefetchable in Qsys. Finally, the address range of VF BAR 0 can
be configured as any power of 2 between 128 bytes and 2 Gbytes.
The contents of VF BAR 0 are described below:
Table 5-27: VF BARs 0 - 5, 0x1A4 - 1B0
Bits
[0]
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Register Description
Memory Space Indicator: Hardwired to 0 to indicate the BAR
defines a memory address range.
Default Value
Access
0
RO
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SR-IOV Enhanced Capability Registers
Bits
Register Description
Default Value
Access
[1]
Reserved. Hardwired to 0.
0
[2]
Specifies the BAR size.: The following encodings are defined:
0
RO
Prefetchable: 0
RO
• 1'b0: 32-bit BAR
• 1'b1: 64-bit BAR created by pairing BAR0 with BAR1, BAR2
with BAR3, or BAR4 with BAR5
[3]
When 1, indicates that the data within the address range refined
by this BAR is prefetchable. When 1, indicates that the data is not
prefetchable. Data is prefetchable if reading is guaranteed not to
have side-effects .
Non-Prefetch‐
able: 1
[7:4]
Reserved. Hardwired to 0.
0
RO
[31:8]
Base address of the BAR. The number of writeable bits is based on
the BAR access size. For example, if bits [15:8] are hardwired to 0,
if the BAR access size is 64 Kbytes. Bits [31:16] can be read and
written.
0
See
description
Default Value
Access
0x0010
RO
1
RO
Set in Qsys
RO
Default Value
Access
SR-IOV Enhanced Capability Registers
Table 5-28: SR-IOV Enhanced Capability Header Register - 0x180
Bits
Register Description
[15:0]
PCI Express Extended Capability ID
[19:16]
Capability Version
[31:16]
Next Capability Pointer: The value depends on data rate. The
following values are possible:
• If PF0 supports the Gen3 data rate: Next Capability =
Secondary PCIe (0x200).
• Else: Next Capability = 0.
Default Value
Table 5-29: SR-IOV Capabilities Register - 0x184
Bits
Register Description
[0]
VF Migration Capable
0
RO
[1]
ARI Capable Hierarchy Preserved
1
RO
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InitialVFs and TotalVFs Registers
Bits
[31:2]
Register Description
Reserved
5-21
Default Value
Access
0
RO
Default Value
Table 5-30: SR-IOV Control and Status Registers - 0x188
Bits
Register Description
Default Value
Access
[0]
VF Enable
0
RW
[1]
VF Migration Enable. Not implemented.
0
RO
[2]
VF Migration Interrupt Enable. Not implemented.
0
RO
[3]
VF Memory Space Enable
0
RW
[4]
ARI Capable Hierarchy
0
RW
[15:5]
Reserved
0
RO
[31:16]
SR-IOV Status Register. Not implemented
0
RO
Default Value
Access
Same value as
TotalVFs
RO
Set in Qsys
RO
Default Value
Access
InitialVFs and TotalVFs Registers
Table 5-31: InitialVFs and TotalVFs Registers - 0x18C
Bits
Description
[15:0]
InitialVFs. Specifies the initial number of VFs configured for this
PF.
[31:16]
TotalVFs. Specifies the total number of VFs attached to this PF.
Table 5-32: Function Dependency Link and NumVFs Registers - 0x190
Bit Location
Description
[15:0]
NumVFs. Specifies the number of VFs enabled for this PF.
0
RW
[31:16]
Function Dependency Link
0
RO
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VF Device ID Register
Table 5-33: VF Offset and Stride Registers - 0x194
Bits
[15:0]
Register Description
VF Offset. Specifies the offset of the first VF’s Routing ID with
respect to the Routing ID of its PF. The offset is configured for
PF0 and PF1 based on the number of VFs and whether ARI is in
use. The following offsets are used:
Default Value
Access
Refer to
description
RO
1
RO
Default Value
Access
0
RO
Set in Qsys
RO
Default Value
Access
Set in Qsys
RO
Default Value
Access
Set in Qsys
RO
• Single-Function with no ARI: VF Offset = 1.
• Two PFs with no ARI: VF Offset = 2 for PF0. 1+ PF0_VF_
COUNT for PF1.
• With ARI: VF Offset = 128 for PF 0. 127+ PF0_VF_COUNT for
PF 1.
[31:16]
VF Stride
VF Device ID Register
Table 5-34: VF Device ID Register - 0x198
Bits
Register Description
[15:0]
Reserved
[31:16]
VF Device ID
Page Size Registers
Table 5-35: Supported Page Size Register - 0x19C
Bits
[31:0]
Register Description
Supported Page Sizes. Specifies the page sizes supported by the
device
Table 5-36: System Page Size Register - 0x1A0
Bits
[31:0]
Register Description
Supported Page Sizes. Specifies the page size currently in use.
VF Base Address Registers (BARs) 0-5
Each PF implements six BARs. You specify BAR settings in Qsys. You can configure VF BARs as 32-bit
memories. Or you can combine VF BAR0 and BAR1 to form a 64-bit memory BAR. VF BAR 0 may also
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5-23
be designated as prefetchable or non-prefetchable in Qsys. Finally, the address range of VF BAR 0 can be
configured as any power of 2 between 128 bytes and 2 Gbytes.
The contents of VF BAR 0 are described below:
Table 5-37: VF BARs 0 - 5, 0x1A4 - 0x1B0
Bits
Register Description
Default Value
Access
RO
[0]
Memory Space Indicator: Hardwired to 0 to indicate the BAR
defines a memory address range.
0
[1]
Reserved. Hardwired to 0.
0
[2]
Specifies the BAR size.: The following encodings are defined:
0
RO
Prefetchable: 0;
RO
• 1'b0: 32-bit BAR
• 1'b1: 64-bit BAR created by pairing BAR0 with BAR1, BAR2
with BAR3, or BAR4 with BAR5
[3]
When 1, indicates that the data within the address range refined
by this BAR is prefetchable. When 1, indicates that the data is not
prefetchable. Data is prefetchable if reading is guaranteed not to
have side-effects .
Non-Prefetch‐
able: 1
[7:4]
Reserved. Hardwired to 0.
0
RO
[31:8]
Base address of the BAR. The number of writeable bits is based on
the BAR access size. For example, if bits [15:8] are hardwired to 0,
if the BAR access size is 64 Kbytes. Bits [31:16] can be read and
written.
0
See
description
Default Value
Access
0x0019
RO
0x1
RO
Variable
RO
Secondary PCI Express Extended Capability Header
Table 5-38: Secondary PCI Express Extended Capability Header - 0x200
Bits
Register Description
[15:0]
PCI Express Extended Capability ID.
[19:16]
Capability Version.
[31:20]
Next Capability Pointer. Points to NULL.
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Lane Error Status Register
Lane Error Status Register
Table 5-39: Lane Error Status Register - 0x208
Bits
Register Description
Default Value
Access
[7:0]
Lane Error Status: Each 1 indicates an error was detected in the
corresponding lane. Only Bit 0 is implemented when the link
width is 1. Bits [1:0] are implemented when the link width is 2,
and so on. The other bits read as 0. This register is present only in
PF0 when the maximum data rate is 8 Gbps.
0
RW1CS
[31:8]
Reserved
0
RO
Table 5-40: Lane Equalization Control Registers 0–3: 0x20C–0x218
This register contains the Transmitter Preset and the Receiver Preset Hint values. The Training Sequences capture
these values during Link Equalization. This register is present only in PF0 when the maximum data rate is 8 Gbps.
Lane Equalization Control Registers 0 at address 0x20C records values for lanes 0 and 1. Lane Equalization
Control Registers 0 at address 0x20C records values for lanes 2 and 3, and so on.
Bits
Register Description
Default Value
Accress
[6:0]
Reserved
0x7F
RO
[7]
Reserved
0
RO
[11:8]
Upstream Port Lane 0 Transmitter Preset
0xF
RO
[14:12]
Upstream Port Lane 0 Receiver Preset Hint
0x7
RO
[15]
Reserved
0
RO
[22:16]
Reserved
0x7F
RO
[23]
Reserved
0
RO
[27:24]
Upstream Port Lane 1 Transmitter Preset
0xF when link
width > 1
RO
0 when link
width = 1
[30:28]
Upstream Port Lane 1 Receiver Preset Hint
0x7 when link
width > 1
RO
0 when link
width = 1
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Uncorrectable Error Status Register
Bits
[31]
Register Description
Reserved
Default Value
Accress
0
RO
Uncorrectable Error Status Register
This register controls which errors are forwarded as internal uncorrectable errors. All of the errors are
severe and may place the device or PCIe link in an inconsistent state.
Table 5-41: Uncorrectable Error Status Register - 0x144 (ARI supported) or (0x104 ARI not supported)
Bits
Register Description
Default Value
Access
[31:21]
Reserved.
0
RO
[20]
When set, indicates an Unsupported Request Received
0
RW1C
[19]
When set, indicates an ECRC Error Detected
0
RW1C
[18]
When set, indicates a Malformed TLP Received
0
RW1C
[17]
When set, indicates Receiver Overflow
0
RW1C
[16]
When set, indicates an unexpected Completion was received
0
RW1C
[15]
When set, indicates a Completer Abort (CA) was transmitted
0
RW1C
[14]
When set, indicates a Completion Timeout
0
RW1C
[13]
When set, indicates a Flow Control protocol error
0
RW1C
[12]
When set, indicates that a poisoned TLP was received
0
RW1C
[11:5]
Reserved
0
RO
[4]
When set, indicates a Data Link Protocol error
0
RW1C
[3:0]
Reserved
0
RO
Related Information
PCI Express Base Specification 2.1 or 3.0
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Uncorrectable Error Mask Register
Uncorrectable Error Mask Register
Table 5-42: Uncorrectable Error Mask Register - 0x148 (ARI supported) or 0x108 (ARI not supported)
Bits
Register Description
Default Value
Access
[31:21]
Reserved.
0
RO
[20]
When set, masks an Unsupported Request Received
0
RW1C
[19]
When set, masks an ECRC Error Detected
0
RW1C
[18]
When set, masks a Malformed TLP Received
0
RW1C
[17]
When set, masks Receiver Overflow
0
RW1C
[16]
When set, masks an unexpected Completion was received
0
RW1C
[15]
When set, masks a Completer Abort (CA) was transmitted
0
RW1C
[14]
When set, masks a Completion Timeout
0
RW1C
[13]
When set, masks a Flow Control protocol error
0
RW1C
[12]
When set, masks that a poisoned TLP was received
0
RW1C
[11:5]
Reserved
0
RO
[4]
When set, masks a Data Link Protocol error
0
RW1C
[3:0]
Reserved
0
RO
Uncorrectable Error Severity Register
If a severity bit is 0, the core reports a Fatal error to the Root Port. If a severity bit is 1, the core reports a
Non-Fatal error to the Root Port.
Table 5-43: Uncorrectable Error Severity Register - 0x14C (ARI supported) or (0x10C ARI not supported)
Bits
Register Description
Default Value
Access
[31:21]
Reserved
0
RO
[20]
Unsupported Request Received
0
RW
[19]
ECRC Error Detected
0
RW
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Correctable Error Status Register
Bits
Register Description
Default Value
Access
[18]
Malformed TLP Received
1
RW
[17]
Receiver Overflow
1
RW
[16]
Unexpected Completion was received
0
RW
[15]
Completer Abort (CA) was transmitted
0
RW
[14]
Completion Timeout
0
RW
[13]
Flow Control protocol error
1
RW
[12]
Poisoned TLP
0
RW
[11:5]
Reserved
0
RO
[4]
Data Link Protocol error
1
RW
[3:0]
Reserved
0
RO
Related Information
PCI Express Base Specification 2.1 or 3.0
Correctable Error Status Register
Table 5-44: Correctable Error Status Register - 0x150 (ARI supported) or (0x110 ARI not supported)
Bits
Register Description
Default Value
Access
[31:14]
Reserved
0
RO
[13]
When set, indicates an Advisory Non-Fatal Error
0
RW1C
[12]
When set, indicates a Replay Timeout
0
RW1C
[11:9]
Reserved
0
RO
[8]
When set, indicates a Replay Number Rollover
0
RW1C
[7]
When set, indicates a Bad DLLP received
0
RW1C
[6]
When set, indicates a Bad TLP received
0
RW1C
[5:1]
Reserved
0
RO
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Correctable Error Mask Register
Bits
[0]
Register Description
When set, indicates a Receiver Error
Default Value
Access
0
RW1C
Related Information
PCI Express Base Specification 2.1 or 3.0
Correctable Error Mask Register
Table 5-45: Correctable Error Mask Register - 0x154 (ARI supported) or (0x114 ARI not supported)
Bits
Register Description
Default Value
Access
[31:14]
Reserved
0
RO
[13]
When set, masks an Advisory Non-Fatal Error
0
RW1C
[12]
When set, masks a Replay Timeout
0
RW1C
[11:9]
Reserved
0
RO
[8]
When set, masks a Replay Number Rollover
0
RW1C
[7]
When set, masks a Bad DLLP received
0
RW1C
[6]
When set, masks a Bad TLP received
0
RW1C
[5:1]
Reserved
0
RO
[0]
When set, masks a Receiver Error
0
RW1C
Related Information
PCI Express Base Specification 2.1 or 3.0
Virtual Function Registers
The SR-IOV Bridge implements the PCI and PCI Express Configuration Spaces for a maximum of 128
Virtual Functions. The VF registers available are a subset of the PF registers. For example, the VFs do not
implement the Link Capabilities 2 register. The definitions of VF registers are the same as PF registers.
For additional details, refer to the PCI Express Base Specification 3.0.
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Virtual Function Registers
5-29
Table 5-46: Virtual Function Registers - Differences from PF
Address
(hex)
Name
Description
0x000
Vendor ID and Device ID
Register
Vendor ID Register and Device ID Registers defined in PCI
Express Base Specification 3.0 . These registers are hardwired to
all 1s.
0x004
Command and Status
Register
PCI Command and Status Registers. Refer to Table 5-47 for
descriptions of the implemented fields.
0x008
Revision ID and Class Code
Register
PCI Revision ID and Class Code Registers defined in PCI Express
Base Specification 3.0 . The VF has the same settings and access as
PF0.
0x00C
BIST, Header Type, Latency
Timer and Cache Line Size
Registers
Contains the following registers defined in the PCI Express Base
Specification 3.0 : BIST Register, Header Type Register, Latency
Timer, Cache Line Size Register. These registers are hardwired to
all 0s for VFs.
0x010:
Reserved
N/A
0x02C
Subsystem Vendor ID and
Subsystem ID Registers
PCI Subsystem Vendor ID and Subsystem ID Registers. The VF
has the same settings and access as PF0.
0x030
Reserved
N/A
0x034
Capabilities Pointer
This register points to the first Capability Structure in the PCI
Configuration Space. For VFs, it points to the MSI-X capability.
0x038:
Reserved
N/A
0x028
0x03C
MSI-X Capability Structure
0x068
MSI-X Control Register
Contains the MSI-X Message Control Register, Capability ID for
MSI-X, and the next capability pointer. The VF has the same
fields and access as the parent PF.
0x06C
MSI-X Table Offset
Points to the MSI-X Table in memory. Also specifies the BAR
corresponding to the memory segment where the MSI-X Table
resides. The VF has the same fields and access as the PF.
0x070
MSI-X PBA Offset
Points to the MSI-X Pending Bit Array in memory. Also,
specifies the BAR corresponding to the memory segment where
the PBA Array resides. The VF has the same fields and access as
the parent PF.
PCI Express Capability Structure
0x080
PCI Express Capability List
Register
Registers
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Capability ID, PCI Express Capabilities Register, and the next
capability pointer. Refer to Table 5-48 for descriptions of the
implemented fields.
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Virtual Function Registers
Address
(hex)
Name
Description
0x084
PCI Express Device Capabil‐ PCI Express Device Capabilities Register. The VF Device
ities Register
Capabilities Register supports the same fields as the PF Device
Capabilities Register.
0x088
PCI Express Device Control
and Status Registers
The lower 16 bits implement the PCI Express Device Control
Register. The upper 16 bits implement the Device Status Register.
Refer to Table 5-49 for descriptions of the implemented fields.
0x08C
Link Capabilities Register
A read to any VF with this address returns the Link Capabilities
Register settings of the parent PF.
0x090
Link Control and Status
Registers
This register is not implemented for VFs, and reads as all 0s.
0x0A4
Device Capabilities 2
Registers
A read to any VF with this address returns the Device Capabili‐
ties 2 Register settings of the parent PF.
0x0A8
Device Control 2 and Status
2 Registers
This register is not implemented for VFs. A read to this address
returns all 0s.
0x0AC
Link Capabilities 2 Register
This register is not implemented for VFs. A read to this address
returns all 0s.
0x0B0
Link Control 2 and Status 2
Registers
This register contains control and status bits for the PCIe link.
For VFs, bit[16] stores the current de-emphasis level setting for
the parent PF. All other bits are reserved.
Alternate RID (ARI) Capability Structure
0x100
ARI Enhanced Capability
Header
PCI Express Extended Capability ID for ARI and Next Capability
pointer. The Next Capability pointer points to NULL.
0x104
ARI Capability Register, ARI This register is not implemented for VFs. A read to this address
Control Register
returns all 0s.
Table 5-47: Command and Status Register for VFs
Bits
Register Description
Default Value
Access
Command Register
[1:0]
Reserved.
0
RO
[2]
Bus Master enable. When set, the VF can generate transactions as
a bus master.
0
RW
[15:3]
Reserved.
0
RO
Status Register
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Virtual Function Registers
Bits
Register Description
5-31
Default Value
Access
[3:0]
Reserved.
0
RO
[4]
Indicates the presence of PCI Extended Capabilities. This bit is
hardwired to 1.
0
RW1C
[7:5]
Reserved.
0
RO
[8]
Master Data Parity Error. Enabled when the PF PCI Command
Register Parity Error Response bit is set. When set, indicates one
of the following conditions:
RW1C
• The device has received a Poisoned Completion from the link
for this VF
• This VF has transmitted a Poisoned Memory Write request on
the link
[10:9]
Reserved.
0
RO
[11]
Signal Target Abort. When set, this VF has sent a Completion to
the link with Completer Abort (CA) stats.
0
RW1C
[12]
Received Target Abort. When set, indicates that this VF has
received a Completion from the link with the CA status.
0
RW1C
[13]
Received Master Abort. When set, indicates that this VF has
received a Completion from the link with the Unsupported
Request (UR) status.
0
RW1C
[14]
Signaled System Error. When set, indicates that this VF has
transmitted a Fatal or Non-Fatal error message on the link to the
Root Complex. Enabled when the PF PCI Command Register
SERR Enable bit is set.
0
RW1C
[15]
Received Master Abort. When set, indicates the VF has received a
Completion from the link with the Unsupported Request (UR)
status.
0
RW1C
Default Value
Access
Table 5-48: PCI Express Capability List Register for VFs
Bits
Register Description
[31:19]
Hardwired to 0.
0
RO
[18:16]
Version ID: Version of PCI Express Capability.
2
RW
[15:8]
Next Capability Pointer: Points to NULL.
0
RO
[7:0]
Capability ID assigned by PCI-SIG.
0x10
RO
Default Value
Access
0
RO
Table 5-49: PCI Express Device Control and Status Registers for VFs
Bits
Register Description
Control Register
[14:0]
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Reserved.
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Virtual Function Registers
Bits
[15]
Register Description
Default Value
Access
Function-Level Reset. Writing a 1 to this bit generates a FunctionLevel Reset for this VF. Only functional when the PF Device
Capabilities Register FLR Capable bit is set. This bit always reads
as 0.
0
RW
Status Register
[16]
Correctable Error Detected.
0
RW1C
[17]
Non-Fatal Error Detected.
0
RW1C
[18]
Fatal Error Detected.
0
RW1C
[19]
Unsupported Request Detected.
0
RW1C
[20]
Not implemented.
0
RO
[21]
Transaction Pending. When set, indicates that a Non-Posted
request issued by this VF is still pending.
0
RO
[31:22]
Reserved.
0
RO
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Reset and Clocks
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Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express IP Core includes both a soft reset controller and a hard reset controller.
Software selects the appropriate reset controller depending on the configuration you specify. Both reset
controllers reset the IP core and provide sample reset logic in the example design. The figure below
provides a simplified view of the logic that implements both reset controllers.
Table 6-1: Use of Hard and Soft Reset Controllers
Reset Controller Used
Description
Hard Reset Controller
pin_perst from the input pin of the FPGA resets the Hard IP for PCI Express
IP Core. app_rstn which resets the Application Layer logic is derived from
reset_status and pld_clk_inuse, which are outputs of the core. This reset
controller is supported for Gen 1 production devices.
Soft Reset Controller
Either pin_perst from the input pin of the FPGA or npor which is derived
from pin_perst or local_rstn can reset the Hard IP for PCI Express IP
Core. Application Layer logic generates the optional local_rstn signal. app_
rstn which resets the Application Layer logic is derived from npor.
This reset controller is supported for Gen2 and Gen3 production devices.
В© 2014 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. ALTERA, ARRIA, CYCLONE, ENPIRION, MAX, MEGACORE, NIOS, QUARTUS and STRATIX words and logos are
trademarks of Altera Corporation and registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries. All other words and logos identified as
trademarks or service marks are the property of their respective holders as described at www.altera.com/common/legal.html. Altera warrants performance
of its semiconductor products to current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any
products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability arising out of the application or use of any information,
product, or service described herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera. Altera customers are advised to obtain the latest version of device
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Reset and Clocks
Figure 6-1: Reset Controller Block Diagram
Example Design
top.v
Hard IP for PCI Express
altpcie_dev_hip_
<if>_hwtcl.v
altpcie_<dev>_hip_256_pipen1b.v
npor
Transceiver Hard
Reset Logic/Soft Reset
Controller
altpcie_rs_serdes.v
pin_perst
refclk
srst
altpcied_<dev>_hwtcl.sv
Chaining
DMA
coreclkout_hip
(APPs)
pld_clk
Transceiver
Reconfiguration
Controller
reconfig_busy
mgmt_rst_reset
reconfig_clk
reset_status
pld_clk_inuse
crst
tx_digitalrst
rx_analogrst
rx_digitalrst
fixed_clk
(100 or 125 MHz)
rx_freqlock
rx_signaldetect
rx_pll_locked
pll_locked
tx_cal_busy
rx_cal_busy
SERDES
Configuration Space
Sticky Registers
l2_exit
hotrst_exit
Configuration Space
Non-Sticky Registers
dlup_exit
mgmt_rst_reset
reconfig_xcvr_clk
Datapath State
Machines of
Hard IP Core
coreclkout_hip
pcie_reconfig_
driver_0
reconfig_busy
reconfig_xcvr_rst
reconfig_xcvr_clk
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Reset Sequence for Hard IP for PCI Express IP Core and Application Layer
6-3
Reset Sequence for Hard IP for PCI Express IP Core and Application Layer
Figure 6-2: Hard IP for PCI Express and Application Logic Reset Sequence
Your Application Layer can instantiate a module similar to the one in this figure to generate app_rstn,
which resets the Application Layer logic.
pin_perst
pld_clk_inuse
serdes_pll_locked
32 cycles
crst
srst
reset_status
32 cycles
app_rstn
This reset sequence includes the following steps:
1. After pin_perst or npor is released, the Hard IP reset controller waits for pld_clk_inuse to be
asserted.
2. csrt and srst are released 32 cycles after pld_clk_inuse is asserted.
3. The Hard IP for PCI Express deasserts the reset_status output to the Application Layer.
4. The altpcied_<device>v_hwtcl.sv deasserts app_rstn 32 pld_clkcycles after reset_status is released.
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Reset Sequence for Hard IP for PCI Express IP Core and Application Layer
Figure 6-3: RX Transceiver Reset Sequence
busy_xcvr_reconfig
rx_pll_locked
rx_analogreset
ltssmstate[4:0]
01
txdetectrx_loopback
pipe_phystatus
pipe_rxstatus[2:0]
3
0
rx_signaldetect
rx_freqlocked
rx_digitalreset
The RX transceiver reset sequence includes the following steps:
1. After rx_pll_locked is asserted, the LTSSM state machine transitions from the Detect.Quiet to the
Detect.Active state.
2. When the pipe_phystatus pulse is asserted and pipe_rxstatus[2:0] = 3, the receiver detect
operation has completed.
3. The LTSSM state machine transitions from the Detect.Active state to the Polling.Active state.
4. The Hard IP for PCI Express asserts rx_digitalreset. The rx_digitalreset signal is deasserted
after rx_signaldetect is stable for a minimum of 3 ms.
Figure 6-4: TX Transceiver Reset Sequence
npor
pll_locked
127 cycles
npor_serdes
tx_digitalreset
The TX transceiver reset sequence includes the following steps:
1. After npor is deasserted, the IP core deasserts the npor_serdes input to the TX transceiver.
2. The SERDES reset controller waits for pll_locked to be stable for a minimum of 127 pld_clk cycles
before deasserting tx_digitalreset.
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Function Level Reset (FLR)
6-5
For descriptions of the available reset signals, refer to Reset Signals, Status, and Link Training Signals.
Function Level Reset (FLR)
The following sequence of events occurs after a FLR to a Physical Function:
1. The host stops all traffic from and to the Function.
2. The host writes the FLR bit in the Device Control Register to trigger the FLR reset.
3. The SR-IOV Bridge resets R/W non-sticky control bits in the Configuration Space of the Function. It
notifies the Application Layer via flr_active_* signals.
4. The Application Layer cleans up all state related to the Function. It asserts FLR Completed via
flr_completed_* signal. The Application Layer should either discard all pending requests from the
Function, or send Completions. If the Application Layer sends Completions, the host drops them
without checking for errors.
5. The SR-IOV Bridge re-enables the Function by deasserting the flr_active_* signal associated with
this function.
6. The host re-enumerates the Function.
This handshake ensures that the Completion for a request issued before the FLR does not return
after the FLR is complete.
Related Information
Function-Level Reset Interface on page 4-13
Clocks
The Hard IP contains a clock domain crossing (CDC) synchronizer at the interface between the
PHY/MAC and the DLL layers. The synchronizer allows the Data Link and Transaction Layers to run at
frequencies independent of the PHY/MAC. The CDC synchronizer provides more flexibility for the user
clock interface. Depending on parameters you specify, the core selects the appropriate coreclkout_hip.
You can use these parameters to enhance performance by running at a higher frequency for latency
optimization or at a lower frequency to save power.
In accordance with the PCI Express Base Specification, you must provide a 100 MHz reference clock that is
connected directly to the transceiver.
As a convenience, you may also use a 125 MHz input reference clock as input to the TX PLL.
Related Information
PCI Express Base Specification 2.1 or 3.0
Clock Domains
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pclk
Figure 6-5: Clock Domains and Clock Generation for the Application Layer
The following illustrates the clock domains when using coreclkout_hip to drive the Application Layer
and the pld_clk of the IP core. The Altera-provided example design connects coreclkout_hip to the
pld_clk. However, this connection is not mandatory.
Hard IP for PCI Express
PCS
Transceiver
PHY/MAC
Clock
Domain
Crossing
(CDC)
Data Link
and
Transaction
Layers
pclk
250 or 500 MHz
pld_core_ready
Application
Layer
serdes_pll_locked
pld_clk
(62.5, 125
or 250 MHz)
coreclkout_hip
TX PLL
refclk
100 MHz
(or 125 MHz)
As this figure indicates, the IP core includes the following clock domains:
pclk
The transceiver derives pclk from the 100 MHz refclk signal that you must provide to the device.
The PCI Express Base Specification requires that the refclk signal frequency be 100 MHz В±300 PPM.
The transitions between Gen1, Gen2, and Gen3 should be glitchless. pclk can be turned off for most of
the 1 ms timeout assigned for the PHY to change the clock rate; however, pclk should be stable before the
1 ms timeout expires.
Table 6-2: pclk Clock Frequency
Data Rate
Frequency
Gen1
250 MHz
Gen2
500 MHz
The CDC module implements the asynchronous clock domain crossing between the PHY/MAC pclk
domain and the Data Link Layer coreclk domain. The transceiver pclk clock is connected directly to the
Hard IP for PCI Express and does not connect to the FPGA fabric.
Related Information
PCI Express Base Specification 2.1 or 3.0
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coreclkout_hip
6-7
coreclkout_hip
Table 6-3: Application Layer Clock Frequency for All Combinations of Link Width, Data Rate and
Application Layer Interface Widths
The coreclkout_hip signal is derived from pclk. The following table lists frequencies for coreclkout_hip,
which are a function of the link width, data rate, and the width of the Application Layer to Transaction Layer
interface. The frequencies and widths specified in this table are maintained throughout operation. If the link
downtrains to a lesser link width or changes to a different maximum link rate, it maintains the frequencies it was
originally configured for as specified in this table. (The Hard IP throttles the interface to achieve a lower
throughput.)
Link Width
Max Link Rate
Avalon Interface Width
coreclkout_hip
Г—8
Gen1
128
125 MHz
Г—4
Gen2
128
125 MHz
Г—8
Gen2
128
250 MHz
Г—8
Gen2
256
125 MHz
Г—2
Gen3
128
125 MHz
Г—4
Gen3
128
250 MHz
Г—4
Gen3
256
125 MHz
Г—8
Gen3
256
250 MHz
pld_clk
coreclkout_hip can drive the Application Layer clock along with the pld_clk input to the IP core. The
pld_clk can optionally be sourced by a different clock than coreclkout_hip. The pld_clk minimum
frequency cannot be lower than the coreclkout_hip frequency. Based on specific Application Layer
constraints, a PLL can be used to derive the desired frequency.
Note: For Gen3, Altera recommends using a common reference clock (0 ppm) because when using
separate reference clocks (non 0 ppm), the PCS occasionally must insert SKP symbols, potentially
causing the PCIe link to go to recovery. Gen1 or Gen2 modes are not affected by this issue. Systems
using the common reference clock (0 ppm) are not affected by this issue. The primary repercussion
of this issue is a slight decrease in bandwidth. On Gen3 x8 systems, this bandwidth impact is
negligible. If non 0 ppm mode is required, so that separate reference clocks are used, please contact
Altera for further information and guidance.
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Clock Summary
Clock Summary
Table 6-4: Clock Summary
Name
Frequency
Clock Domain
coreclkout_hip
62.5, 125 or 250 MHz
Avalon-ST interface between the Transaction and
Application Layers.
pld_clk
125 or 250 MHz
Application and Transaction Layers.
refclk
100 or 125 MHz
SERDES (transceiver). Dedicated free running input
clock to the SERDES block.
reconfig_xcvr_clk
100 –125 MHz
Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller.
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Programming and Testing SR-IOV Bridge MSI
Interrupts
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Related Information
Interrupt Interface on page 4-14
Setting Up and Verifying MSI Interrupts
The following procedure specifies and tests MSI interrupts. Perform the first five steps once, during or
after enumeration.
1. Disable legacy interrupts by setting Interrupt Disable bit of the Command register using a Configura‐
tion Write Request. The Interrupt Disable bit is bit 10 of the Command register.
2. Enable MSI interrupts by setting the MSI enable of the MSI Control register using a Configuration
Write Request. The MSI enable is bit 16 of 0x050.
3. Set up the MSI Address and MSI Data using a Configuration Write Request.
4. Specify the number of MSI vectors in the Multiple Message Enable field of the MSI Control
register using Configuration Write Request.
5. Unmask the bits associated with MSI vectors in the previous step register using Configuration Write
Request..
6. Send MSI requests via the app_msi* interface.
7. Verify that app_msi_status[1:0]=0 when app_msi_ack=1.
8. Expect a Memory Write TLP request with the address and data matching those previously specified.
You can build on this procedure to verify that the Message TLP is dropped and app_msi_status = 0x2 if
either of the following conditions are true:
• The MSI capability is present, but the MSI enable bit is not set.
• The MSI capability is disabled, but the application sends an MSI request.
Masking MSI Interrupts
If Application Layer sends MSI interrupt when the corresponding mask bit is set, the bridge does not send
this MSI interrupt to the host. Instead, the bridge sets the corresponding pending bit internally. The core
sends this interrupt if its corresponding mask bit is cleared and the previous pending bit is set. The
following procedure illustrates how to mask and unmask interrupts. The first four steps are the same as
for
В© 2014 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. ALTERA, ARRIA, CYCLONE, ENPIRION, MAX, MEGACORE, NIOS, QUARTUS and STRATIX words and logos are
trademarks of Altera Corporation and registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries. All other words and logos identified as
trademarks or service marks are the property of their respective holders as described at www.altera.com/common/legal.html. Altera warrants performance
of its semiconductor products to current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any
products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability arising out of the application or use of any information,
product, or service described herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera. Altera customers are advised to obtain the latest version of device
specifications before relying on any published information and before placing orders for products or services.
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Dropping a Pending MSI Interrupt
Setting Up and Verifying MSI Interrupts. Perform them once, during or after enumeration.
1. Disable legacy interrupts by setting Interrupt Disable bit of the Command register using a Configura‐
tion Write Request. The Interrupt Disable bit is bit 10 of the Command register.
2. Enable MSI interrupts by setting the MSI enable of the MSI Control register using a Configuration
Write Request. The MSI enable bit is bit 16 of 0x050.
3. Specify the MSI Address and MSI Data using a Configuration Write Request.
4. Specify the number of MSI vectors in the Multiple Message Enable field of the MSI Control
register using a Configuration Write Request.
5. Select a function and interrupt number using a Configuration Write Request.
6. Set the MSI mask bit for the selected function and interrupt number using a Configuration Write
Request.
7. Generate an MSI interrupt request for the selected function and interrupt number using the app_msi*
interface using a Configuration Write Request. You should receive the MSI Ack. No MSI interrupt
message is sent to the host.
8. Verify that app_msi_status[1:0]=2'b01 when app_msi_ack=1.
9. Read the Pending Bit register for the function specified using a Configuration Read Request. Verify
that the pending bit for the interrupt specified is set to 1.
10.Clear the pending bit using the MSI interrupt interface using a Configuration Write Request.
11.Clear the MSI mask bit for the selected function and interrupt number using a Configuration Write
Request..
12.Verify that the SR-IOV Bridge sends the Message TLP to the host.
13.Read the Pending Bit register of the function specified using a Configuration Read Request. Verify
that the pending bit for the interrupt specified is now 0.
Dropping a Pending MSI Interrupt
The following procedure shows how to drop a pending MSI interrupt. The first four steps are the same as
for Setting Up and Verifying MSI Interrupts Perform them once, during or after enumeration. .
1. Disable legacy interrupts by setting Interrupt Disable bit of the Command register using a Configura‐
tion Write Request. The Interrupt Disable bit is bit 10 of the Command register.
2. Enable MSI interrupts by setting the MSI enable of the MSI Control register using a Configuration
Write Request. The MSI enable bit is bit 16 of 0x050.
3. Set up the MSI Address and MSI Data using a Configuration Write Request.
4. Specify the number of MSI vectors in the Multiple Message Enable field of the MSI Control
register using a Configuration Write Request.
5. Select a function and interrupt number using a Configuration Write Request.
6. Set the MSI mask bit for the selected function and interrupt number using a Configuration Write
Request.
7. Use the MSI interrupt interface (app_msi*) to generate an MSI interrupt request for the selected
Function and interrupt number. You should receive the MSI Ack. No MSI interrupt message is sent to
the host.
8. Verify that app_msi_status[1:0]=2'b01when app_msi_ack=1.
9. Read the Pending Bit register for the function specified using a Configuration Read Request. Verify
that the pending bit corresponding to the interrupt specified is set to 1.
10.Send a Configuration Write Request to clear the pending bit using the MSI interrupt interface.
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Dropping a Pending MSI Interrupt
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11.Send a Configuration Write Request to clear the MSI mask bit for the selected function and interrupt
number.
12.Verify that the SR-IOV bridge does not send the Message TLP on the Avalon-ST interface.
13.Read the Pending Bit register of the function specified using a Configuration Read Request. Verify
that the pending bit for the interrupt specified is now 0.
14.Repeat this sequence for all MSI numbers and functions.
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Error Handling
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Each PCI Express compliant device must implement a basic level of error management and can optionally
implement advanced error management. The IP core implements both basic and advanced error
reporting. Error handling for a Root Port is more complex than that of an Endpoint.
Table 8-1: Error Classification
The PCI Express Base Specification defines three types of errors, outlined in the following table.
Type
Responsible Agent
Description
Correctable
Hardware
While correctable errors may affect system performance,
data integrity is maintained.
Uncorrectable, non-fatal
Device software
Uncorrectable, non-fatal errors are defined as errors in
which data is lost, but system integrity is maintained.
For example, the fabric may lose a particular TLP, but it
still works without problems.
Uncorrectable, fatal
System software
Errors generated by a loss of data and system failure are
considered uncorrectable and fatal. Software must
determine how to handle such errors: whether to reset
the link or implement other means to minimize the
problem.
Related Information
PCI Express Base Specification 2.1 and 3.0
В© 2014 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. ALTERA, ARRIA, CYCLONE, ENPIRION, MAX, MEGACORE, NIOS, QUARTUS and STRATIX words and logos are
trademarks of Altera Corporation and registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries. All other words and logos identified as
trademarks or service marks are the property of their respective holders as described at www.altera.com/common/legal.html. Altera warrants performance
of its semiconductor products to current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any
products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability arising out of the application or use of any information,
product, or service described herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera. Altera customers are advised to obtain the latest version of device
specifications before relying on any published information and before placing orders for products or services.
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Physical Layer Errors
Physical Layer Errors
Table 8-2: Errors Detected by the Physical Layer
The following table describes errors detected by the Physical Layer. Physical Layer error reporting is optional in
the PCI Express Base Specification.
Error
Receive port error
Type
Correctable
Description
This error has the following 3 potential causes:
• Physical coding sublayer error when a lane is in L0
state. These errors are reported to the Hard IP block
via the per lane PIPE interface input receive status
signals, rxstatus<lane_number>[2:0] using the
following encodings:
• 3'b100: 8B/10B Decode Error
• 3'b101: Elastic Buffer Overflow
• 3'b110: Elastic Buffer Underflow
• 3'b111: Disparity Error
• Deskew error caused by overflow of the multilane
deskew FIFO.
• Control symbol received in wrong lane.
Data Link Layer Errors
Table 8-3: Errors Detected by the Data Link Layer
Error
Type
Description
Bad TLP
Correctable
This error occurs when a LCRC verification fails or
when a sequence number error occurs.
Bad DLLP
Correctable
This error occurs when a CRC verification fails.
Replay timer
Correctable
This error occurs when the replay timer times out.
Replay num rollover
Correctable
This error occurs when the replay number rolls over.
Data Link Layer protocol Uncorrectable(fatal) This error occurs when a sequence number specified by
the Ack/Nak block in the Data Link Layer (AckNak_Seq_
Num) does not correspond to an unacknowledged TLP.
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Transaction Layer Errors
8-3
Transaction Layer Errors
Table 8-4: Errors Detected by the Transaction Layer
Error
Type
Poisoned TLP received
Uncorrectable
(non-fatal)
Description
This error occurs if a received Transaction Layer packet
has the EP poison bit set.
The received TLP is passed to the Application Layer and
the Application Layer logic must take appropriate action
in response to the poisoned TLP. Refer to “2.7.2.2 Rules
for Use of Data Poisoning” in the PCI Express Base
Specification for more information about poisoned
TLPs.
Unsupported Request for
Endpoints
Uncorrectable
(non-fatal)
This error occurs whenever a component receives any of
the following Unsupported Requests:
• Type 0 Configuration Requests for a non-existing
function.
• Completion transaction for which the Requester ID
does not match the bus, device and function number.
• Unsupported message.
• A Type 1 Configuration Request TLP for the TLP
from the PCIe link.
• A locked memory read (MEMRDLK) on native
Endpoint.
• A locked completion transaction.
• A 64-bit memory transaction in which the 32 MSBs
of an address are set to 0.
• A memory or I/O transaction for which there is no
BAR match.
• A memory transaction when the Memory Space
Enable bit (bit [1] of the PCI Command register at
Configuration Space offset 0x4) is set to 0.
• A poisoned configuration write request (CfgWr0)
In all cases the TLP is deleted in the Hard IP block and
not presented to the Application Layer. If the TLP is a
non-posted request, the Hard IP block generates a
completion with Unsupported Request status.
Error Handling
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Transaction Layer Errors
Error
Type
Completion timeout
Uncorrectable
(non-fatal)
Completer abort (1)
Uncorrectable
(non-fatal)
Unexpected completion
Uncorrectable
(non-fatal)
Description
This error occurs when a request originating from the
Application Layer does not generate a corresponding
completion TLP within the established time. It is the
responsibility of the Application Layer logic to provide
the completion timeout mechanism. The completion
timeout should be reported from the Transaction Layer
using the cpl_err[0] signal.
The Application Layer reports this error using the cpl_
err[2]signal when it aborts receipt of a TLP.
This error is caused by an unexpected completion
transaction. The Hard IP block handles the following
conditions:
• The Requester ID in the completion packet does not
match the Configured ID of the Endpoint.
• The completion packet has an invalid tag number.
(Typically, the tag used in the completion packet
exceeds the number of tags specified.)
• The completion packet has a tag that does not match
an outstanding request.
• The completion packet for a request that was to I/O
or Configuration Space has a length greater than 1
dword.
• The completion status is Configuration Retry Status
(CRS) in response to a request that was not to
Configuration Space.
In all of the above cases, the TLP is not presented to the
Application Layer; the Hard IP block deletes it.
The Application Layer can detect and report other
unexpected completion conditions using the cpl_
err[2] signal. For example, the Application Layer can
report cases where the total length of the received
successful completions do not match the original read
request length.
Receiver overflow
(1)
Flow control protocol
error (FCPE) (1)
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Uncorrectable
(fatal)
This error occurs when a component receives a TLP that
violates the FC credits allocated for this type of TLP. In
all cases the hard IP block deletes the TLP and it is not
presented to the Application Layer.
Uncorrectable
(fatal)
This error occurs when a component does not receive
update flow control credits with the 200 Вµs limit.
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Error Reporting and Data Poisoning
Error
Malformed TLP
Type
Uncorrectable
(fatal)
8-5
Description
This error is caused by any of the following conditions:
• The data payload of a received TLP exceeds the
maximum payload size.
• The TD field is asserted but no TLP digest exists, or a
TLP digest exists but the TD bit of the PCI Express
request header packet is not asserted.
• A TLP violates a byte enable rule. The Hard IP block
checks for this violation, which is considered
optional by the PCI Express specifications.
• A TLP in which the type and length fields do not
correspond with the total length of the TLP.
• A TLP in which the combination of format and type
is not specified by the PCI Express specification.
• A request specifies an address/length combination
that causes a memory space access to exceed a 4
KByte boundary. The Hard IP block checks for this
violation, which is considered optional by the PCI
Express specification.
• Messages, such as Assert_INTX, Power
Management, Error Signaling, Unlock, and Set
Power Slot Limit, must be transmitted across the
default traffic class.
The Hard IP block deletes the malformed TLP; it is not
presented to the Application Layer.
Note:
1. Considered optional by the PCI Express Base Specification Revision .
Error Reporting and Data Poisoning
How the Endpoint handles a particular error depends on the configuration registers of the device.
Refer to the PCI Express Base Specification 3.0 for a description of the device signaling and logging for an
Endpoint.
The Hard IP block implements data poisoning, a mechanism for indicating that the data associated with a
transaction is corrupted. Poisoned TLPs have the error/poisoned bit of the header set to 1 and observe the
following rules:
• Received poisoned TLPs are sent to the Application Layer and status bits are automatically updated in
the Configuration Space.
• Received poisoned Configuration Write TLPs are not written in the Configuration Space.
• The Configuration Space never generates a poisoned TLP; the error/poisoned bit of the header is
always set to 0.
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Uncorrectable and Correctable Error Status Bits
Poisoned TLPs can also set the parity error bits in the PCI Configuration Space Status register.
Table 8-5: Parity Error Conditions
Status Bit
Conditions
Detected parity error (status register bit 15)
Set when any received TLP is poisoned.
Master data parity error (status register bit 8)
This bit is set when the command register parity
enable bit is set and one of the following conditions
is true:
• The poisoned bit is set during the transmission
of a Write Request TLP.
• The poisoned bit is set on a received completion
TLP.
Poisoned packets received by the Hard IP block are passed to the Application Layer. Poisoned transmit
TLPs are similarly sent to the link.
Related Information
PCI Express Base Specification 2.1 and 3.0
Uncorrectable and Correctable Error Status Bits
The following section is reprinted with the permission of PCI-SIG. Copyright 2010 PCI-SIG.
Figure 8-1: Uncorrectable Error Status Register
The default value of all the bits of this register is 0. An error status bit that is set indicates that the error
condition it represents has been detected. Software may clear the error status by writing a 1 to the
appropriate bit.
31
26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11
Rsvd
Rsvd
6 5
4
3
1
0
Rsvd
TLP Prefix Blocked Error Status
AtomicOp Egress Blocked Status
MC Blocked TLP Status
Uncorrectable Internal Error Status
ACS Violation Status
Unsupported Request Error Status
ECRC Error Status
Malformed TLP Status
Receiver Overflow Status
Unexpected Completion Status
Completer Abort Status
Completion Timeout Status
Flow Control Protocol Status
Poisoned TLP Status
Surprise Down Error Status
Data Link Protocol Error Status
Undefined
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Uncorrectable and Correctable Error Status Bits
8-7
Figure 8-2: Correctable Error Status Register
The default value of all the bits of this register is 0. An error status bit that is set indicates that the error
condition it represents has been detected. Software may clear the error status by writing a 1 to the
appropriate bit.
31
16 15 14 13 12 11 9
Rsvd
Rsvd
8
7
6 5
1
0
Rsvd
Header Log Overflow Status
Corrected Internal Error Status
Advisory Non-Fatal Error Status
Replay Timer Timeout Status
REPLAY_NUM Rollover Status
Bad DLLP Status
Bad TLP Status
Receiver Error Status
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The Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express with SR-IOV implements the complete PCI Express protocol stack
as defined in the PCI Express Base Specification. The protocol stack includes the following layers:
• Transaction Layer—The Transaction Layer contains the Configuration Space, which manages
communication with the Application Layer, the RX and TX channels, the RX buffer, and flow control
credits.
• Data Link Layer—The Data Link Layer, located between the Physical Layer and the Transaction Layer,
manages packet transmission and maintains data integrity at the link level. Specifically, the Data Link
Layer performs the following tasks:
• Manages transmission and reception of Data Link Layer Packets (DLLPs)
• Generates all transmission cyclical redundancy code (CRC) values and checks all CRCs during
reception
• Manages the retry buffer and retry mechanism according to received ACK/NAK Data Link Layer
packets
• Initializes the flow control mechanism for DLLPs and routes flow control credits to and from the
Transaction Layer
• Physical Layer—The Physical Layer initializes the speed, lane numbering, and lane width of the PCI
Express link according to packets received from the link and directives received from higher layers.
The following figure provides a high-level block diagram.
Figure 9-1: Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express with SR-IOV
PHY IP Core for
PCI Express (PIPE)
Hard IP for PCI Express with SR-IOV
Physical Layer
(Transceivers)
Transaction Layer (TL)
Interrupts
PIPE
PMA
Config Bypass
PCS
Hard IP for
PCI Express
LMI
Avalon-ST TX
Avalon-ST RX
Control/Status
Interrupt
SR-IOV Bridge
(soft logic)
LMI
Avalon-ST TX
Avalon-ST RX
В© 2014 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. ALTERA, ARRIA, CYCLONE, ENPIRION, MAX, MEGACORE, NIOS, QUARTUS and STRATIX words and logos are
trademarks of Altera Corporation and registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries. All other words and logos identified as
trademarks or service marks are the property of their respective holders as described at www.altera.com/common/legal.html. Altera warrants performance
of its semiconductor products to current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any
products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability arising out of the application or use of any information,
product, or service described herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera. Altera customers are advised to obtain the latest version of device
specifications before relying on any published information and before placing orders for products or services.
www.altera.com
101 Innovation Drive, San Jose, CA 95134
Application
Layer
ISO
9001:2008
Registered
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Top-Level Interfaces
Table 9-1: Application Layer Clock Frequencies
Lanes
Gen1
Gen2
Gen3
Г—2
N/A
N/A
125 MHz @ 128 bits
Г—4
N/A
125 MHz @ 128 bits
250 MHz @ 128 bits or
125 MHz @ 256 bits
Г—8
125 MHz @ 128 bits
250 MHz @ 128 bits or
250 MHz @ 256 bits
125 MHz @ 256 bits
Related Information
PCI Express Base Specification 2.1 or 3.0
Top-Level Interfaces
Clocks and Reset
The PCI Express Base Specification requires an input reference clock, which is called refclk in this design.
The PCI Express Base Specification stipulates that the frequency of this clock be 100 MHz.
The PCI Express Base Specification also requires a system configuration time of 100 ms. To meet this
specification, IP core includes an embedded hard reset controller. This reset controller exits the reset state
after the I/O ring of the device is initialized.
Related Information
Reset, Status, and Link Training Signals on page 4-24
Transceiver Reconfiguration
The transceiver reconfiguration interface allows you to dynamically reconfigure the values of analog
settings in the PMA block of the transceiver. Dynamic reconfiguration is necessary to compensate for
process variations.
Related Information
Transceiver PHY IP Reconfiguration on page 11-1
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Interrupts
9-3
Interrupts
The Hard IP for PCI Express offers the following interrupt mechanisms:
• Message Signaled Interrupts (MSI)— MSI uses the Transaction Layer's request-acknowledge
handshaking protocol to implement interrupts. The MSI Capability structure is stored in the Configu‐
ration Space and is programmable using Configuration Space accesses. MSI interrupts are only
supported for Physical Functions.
• MSI-X—The Transaction Layer generates MSI-X messages which are single dword memory writes. In
contrast to the MSI capability structure, which contains all of the control and status information for
the interrupt vectors, the MSI-X Capability structure points to an MSI-X table structure and MSI-X
PBA structure which are stored in memory. MSI-X interrupts are supported for Physical and Virtual
Functions.
• Legacy interrupts—The app_int_sts port controls legacy interrupt generation. When app_int_sts is
asserted, the Hard IP generates an Assert_INT<n> message TLP.
• MSI interrupts are only supported for Physical Functions.
PIPE
The PIPE interface implements the Intel-designed PIPE interface specification. You can use this parallel
interface to speed simulation; however, you cannot use the PIPE interface in actual hardware.
• The Gen1, Gen2, and Gen3 simulation models support PIPE and serial simulation.
• For Gen3, the Altera BFM bypasses Gen3 Phase 2 and Phase 3 Equalization. However, Gen3 variants
can perform Phase 2 and Phase 3 equalization if instructed by a third-party BFM.
Related Information
PIPE Interface Signals on page 4-36
Data Link Layer
The Data Link Layer is located between the Transaction Layer and the Physical Layer. It maintains packet
integrity and communicates (by DLL packet transmission) at the PCI Express link level (as opposed to
component communication by TLP transmission in the interconnect fabric).
The DLL implements the following functions:
• Link management through the reception and transmission of DLL packets (DLLP), which are used for
the following functions:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Power management of DLLP reception and transmission
To transmit and receive ACK/NACK packets
Data integrity through generation and checking of CRCs for TLPs and DLLPs
TLP retransmission in case of NAK DLLP reception using the retry buffer
Management of the retry buffer
Link retraining requests in case of error through the Link Training and Status State Machine
(LTSSM) of the Physical Layer
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Data Link Layer
Figure 9-2: Data Link Layer
To Transaction Layer
To Physical Layer
Tx Transaction Layer
Packet Description & Data
Tx Arbitration
Transaction Layer
Packet Generator
Retry Buffer
Tx Packets
DLLP
Generator
TX Datapath
Ack/Nack
Packets
Configuration Space
Tx Flow Control Credits
Rx Flow Control Credits
Transaction Layer
Packet Checker
Power
Management
Function
Data Link Control
and Management
State Machine
DLLP
Checker
Control
& Status
RX Datapath
Rx Packets
Rx Transation Layer
Packet Description & Data
The DLL has the following sub-blocks:
• Data Link Control and Management State Machine—This state machine is synchronized with the
Physical Layer’s LTSSM state machine and is also connected to the Configuration Space Registers. It
initializes the link and flow control credits and reports status to the Configuration Space.
• Power Management—This function handles the handshake to enter low power mode. Such a
transition is based on register values in the Configuration Space and received Power Management
(PM) DLLPs.
• Data Link Layer Packet Generator and Checker—This block is associated with the DLLP’s 16-bit CRC
and maintains the integrity of transmitted packets.
• Transaction Layer Packet Generator—This block generates transmit packets, generating a sequence
number and a 32-bit CRC (LCRC). The packets are also sent to the retry buffer for internal storage. In
retry mode, the TLP generator receives the packets from the retry buffer and generates the CRC for the
transmit packet.
• Retry Buffer—The retry buffer stores TLPs and retransmits all unacknowledged packets in the case of
NAK DLLP reception. In case of ACK DLLP reception, the retry buffer discards all acknowledged
packets.
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Physical Layer
9-5
• ACK/NAK Packets—The ACK/NAK block handles ACK/NAK DLLPs and generates the sequence
number of transmitted packets.
• Transaction Layer Packet Checker—This block checks the integrity of the received TLP and generates
a request for transmission of an ACK/NAK DLLP.
• TX Arbitration—This block arbitrates transactions, prioritizing in the following order:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Initialize FC Data Link Layer packet
ACK/NAK DLLP (high priority)
Update FC DLLP (high priority)
PM DLLP
Retry buffer TLP
TLP
Update FC DLLP (low priority)
ACK/NAK FC DLLP (low priority)
Physical Layer
The Physical Layer is the lowest level of the PCI Express protocol stack. It is the layer closest to the serial
link. It encodes and transmits packets across a link and accepts and decodes received packets. The
Physical Layer connects to the link through a high-speed SERDES interface running at 2.5 Gbps for Gen1
implementations, at 2.5 or 5.0 Gbps for Gen2 implementations, and at 2.5, 5.0 or 8.0 Gbps for Gen3
implementations.
The Physical Layer is responsible for the following actions:
• Initializing the link
• Scrambling/descrambling and 8B/10B encoding/decoding for 2.5 Gbps (Gen1), 5.0 Gbps (Gen2), or
128b/130b encoding/decoding of 8.0 Gbps (Gen3) per lane
• Serializing and deserializing data
• Operating the PIPE 3.0 Interface
• Implementing auto speed negotiation (Gen2 and Gen3)
• Transmitting and decoding the training sequence
• Providing hardware autonomous speed control
• Implementing auto lane reversal
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Physical Layer
Figure 9-3: Physical Layer Architecture
To Data Link Layer
To Link
PIPE
Interface
MAC Layer
PHY layer
Lane n
Lane 0
8B10B
Encoder
Scrambler
SKIP
Generation
Control & Status
LTSSM
State Machine
PIPE
Emulation Logic
8B10B
Decoder
Descrambler
Multilane Deskew
RX Packets
Link Serializer for an x8 Link
Lane n
Elastic
Buffer
RX MAC
Lane
Lane 0
8B10B
Decoder
Descrambler
Elastic
Buffer
Device Transceiver (per Lane) with 2.5 or 5.0 Gbps SERDES & PLL
Link Serializer
for an x8 Link
TX Packets
TX+ / TX-
8B10B
Encoder
Scrambler
TX+ / TX-
Transmit
Data Path
RX+ / RX-
Receive
Data Path
RX+ / RX-
RX MAC
Lane
The Physical Layer is subdivided by the PIPE Interface Specification into two layers (bracketed horizon‐
tally in above figure):
• Media Access Controller (MAC) Layer—The MAC layer includes the LTSSM and the scrambling/
descrambling and multilane deskew functions.
• PHY Layer—The PHY layer includes the 8B/10B and 128b/130b encode/decode functions, elastic
buffering, and serialization/deserialization functions.
The Physical Layer integrates both digital and analog elements. Intel designed the PIPE interface to
separate the MAC from the PHY. The Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express complies with the PIPE interface
specification.
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Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express with Single-Root I/O Virtualization (SR-IOV)
9-7
The PHYMAC block comprises four main sub-blocks:
• MAC Lane—Both the RX and the TX path use this block.
• On the RX side, the block decodes the Physical Layer packet and reports to the LTSSM the type and
number of TS1/TS2 ordered sets received.
• On the TX side, the block multiplexes data from the DLL and the LTSTX sub-block. It also adds
lane specific information, including the lane number and the force PAD value when the LTSSM
disables the lane during initialization.
• LTSSM—This block implements the LTSSM and logic that tracks TX and RX data on each lane.
• For transmission, it interacts with each MAC lane sub-block and with the LTSTX sub-block by
asserting both global and per-lane control bits to generate specific Physical Layer packets.
• On the receive path, it receives the Physical Layer packets reported by each MAC lane sub-block. It
also enables the multilane deskew block. This block reports the Physical Layer status to higher
layers.
• LTSTX (Ordered Set and SKP Generation)—This sub-block generates the Physical Layer packet. It
receives control signals from the LTSSM block and generates Physical Layer packet for each lane. It
generates the same Physical Layer Packet for all lanes and PAD symbols for the link or lane number
in the corresponding TS1/TS2 fields.
The block also handles the receiver detection operation to the PCS sub-layer by asserting predefined PIPE
signals and waiting for the result. It also generates a SKP Ordered Set at every predefined timeslot and
interacts with the TX alignment block to prevent the insertion of a SKP Ordered Set in the middle of
packet.
• Deskew—This sub-block performs the multilane deskew function and the RX alignment between the
number of initialized lanes and the 64-bit data path.
The multilane deskew implements an eight-word FIFO buffer for each lane to store symbols. Each symbol
includes eight data bits, one disparity bit, and one control bit. The FIFO discards the FTS, COM, and SKP
symbols and replaces PAD and IDL with D0.0 data. When all eight FIFOs contain data, a read can occur.
When the multilane lane deskew block is first enabled, each FIFO begins writing after the first COM is
detected. If all lanes have not detected a COM symbol after seven clock cycles, they are reset and the
resynchronization process restarts, or else the RX alignment function recreates a 64-bit data word which is
sent to the DLL.
Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express with Single-Root I/O Virtualization (SRIOV)
The Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express with SR-IOV bypasses the Configuration Space and base address
register (BAR) matching logic of the Hard IP. The SR-IOV bridge implements the following functions in
soft logic:
•
•
•
•
Configuration spaces for 2 PCIe Physical Functions and 128 Virtual Functions
BAR checking logic
Interrupt generation
Error messages for Advanced Error Reporting (AER)
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Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express with Single-Root I/O Virtualization (SR-IOV)
The SR-IOV processes memory requests, Completions and messages received from the link. It passes
them to the Application Layer unmodified, using the Avalon-ST RX interface. The SR-IOV Bridge does
not maintain any state for requests outstanding on the Master or Target sides. The RX interface delivers
Completion TLPs to the Application Layer in the same order as received from the link. It does not match
Completion TLPs with the outstanding requests from the Application Layer.
The following figure illustrates the SR-IOV Bridge logic and its interfaces to the Stratix V Hard IP for PCI
Express and Application Layer.
Figure 9-4: Block Diagram of the Stratix V Hard IP for PCI Express IP with the SR-IOV Bridge
Stratix V PCI Express SR-IOV Bridge
Stratix V
PCI Express
Hard IP Block
Configuration Completion,
Interrupts, and Error Messages
PIPE
Interface
Avalon-ST
RX Interface
PF
Registers
Completion
Generation
VF
Registers
LMI Interface
Block
LMI
Avalon-ST
TX Interface
Configuration Block
Request
Error Message
Processing
Generation
Avalon-ST TX
Multiplexer
Avalon-ST RX
Demultiplexer
Configuration
Requests
UR Completion
BAR Check and UR
Completion Generation
Control/Status
Interface
Interrupt
Interface
User
Local
Management Application
Interface
Avalon-ST
TX Interface
Avalon-ST
RX Interface
SR-IOV Bridge Logic Details
Soft logic in the SR-IOV Bridge decodes Configuration Space transactions on Avalon-ST interface via
Configuration Bypass mode and forwards them to the internal Configuration Block. The Configuration
Block implements the following logic:
•
•
•
•
•
Processes incoming Configuration Space TLPs and generates Completions
Includes Configuration Space registers of two Physical Functions and 128 Virtual Functions.
Generates MSI, MSI-X, and Legacy Interrupts (INTx Assert and Deassert)
Generates error messages for AER
Multiplexes the following data sources to on the Avalon-ST TX interface:
• Master-side requests and Target-side Completions generated by the Application Layer
• UR Completions from the BAR Check block for Memoroy Read Requests
• Transmits Memory Read and Memory Write received on TX Avalon-ST interface from the Applica‐
tion Layer. The core forwards these requests to the host as is, without any checking for errors. Applica‐
tion Layer logic must make sure the transmitted memory requests satisfy all PCI Express requirements.
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Physical and Virtual Function Address Assignments
9-9
BAR Logic Details
The BAR block includes the following functions:
•
•
•
•
Compares the addresses of received memory transactions to the BAR settings for the targeted function
Generates the BAR hit signals and the function number associated with this transaction
Discards all memory transactions that are not in the address range of any of the configured BARs
Generates Unsupported Request (UR) Completions for requests that fail the BAR check
Local Management Interface (LMI)
SR-IOV LMI logic accesses Configuration Space Registers of all Physical and Virtual Functions. The LMI
logic accepts read and write requests from the Application Layer and directs requests to either the LMI
interface of the Hard IP or the Configuration Registers in the Configuration Block.
Related Information
LMI Signals on page 4-22
Physical and Virtual Function Address Assignments
The SR-IOV Bridge implements the PCI and PCI Express Configuration Spaces for two Physical
Functions (PFs) and 128 Virtual Functions (VFs) in soft logic. Altera SR-IOV bridge assigns function
numbers for PFs and VFs based on based on the following system attributes:
• Number of PFs.
• Availability of ARI support. (ARI support is required when the total number of PFs and VFs is greater
than eight.)
The following rules apply when specifying VFs:
• All systems that include VFs must include a minimum of four VFs.
• For systems without ARI support, the Application Layer logic can configure VFs in any manner
between PF0 and PF1.
• For system without ARI, the total maximum VF is either 6 for one PF and 7 for two PFs.
• For system with ARI, the maximum number of VFs is 128.
• Systems with ARI support must specify VFs in multiples if four.
Table 9-2: Function Address Map: One PF and No ARI
Function Number Assignments
Function Type
0
Physical Function 0
1
Virtual Function 0 (required)
2
Virtual Function 1 (required)
3
Virtual Function 2 (required)
4
Virtual Function 3 (required)
5
Virtual Function 4 (optional)
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Physical and Virtual Function Address Assignments
Function Number Assignments
Function Type
6
Virtual Function 5 (optional)
7
Virtual Function 6 (optional)
Table 9-3: Function Address Map: Two PFs and No ARI
Function Number Assignments
Function Type
0
Physical Function 0
1
Physical Function 1
2
Virtual Function 0 (required)
3
Virtual Function 1 (required)
4
Virtual Function 2 (required)
5
Virtual Function 3 (required)
6
Virtual Function 4 (optional)
7
Virtual Function 5 (optional)
Table 9-4: Function Address Map: One PF and ARI
Function Number Assignments
Function Type
0
Physical Function 0
1–127
Reserved
128
Virtual Function 0 (required)
129
Virtual Function 1 (required)
130
Virtual Function 2 (required)
131
Virtual Function 3 (required)
132-255
Virtual Function 4-127 (optional)
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Physical and Virtual Function Address Assignments
9-11
Table 9-5: Function Address Map: Two PFs and ARI
Function Number Assignments
Function Type
0
Physical Function 0
1
Physical Function 1
2–127
Reserved
128
Virtual Function 0 (required, can assign to PF0 or
PF1)
129
Virtual Function 1 (required, can assign to PF0 or
PF1)
130
Virtual Function 2 (required, can assign to PF0 or
PF1)
131
Virtual Function 3 (required, can assign to PF0 or
PF1)
132–256
Virtual Functions 4-127 (optional assign to PF0 or
PF1)
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Completing your design includes additional steps to specify analog properties, pin assignments, and
timing constraints.
Making Analog QSF Assignments Using the Assignment Editor
You specify the analog parameters using the Quartus II Assignment Editor, the Pin Planner, or through
the Quartus II Settings File .(qsf).
Table 10-1: Power Supply Voltage Requirements
Required PCB voltages depend on the PLL type and data rate.
Data Rate
PLL
Type
VCCR_GXB and VCCT_
VCCA_
GXB
GXB
All
ATX
1.0 V
3.0 V
Gen1 or Gen2—DFE, AEQ and EyeQ not used
C2L, C3, C4, I2L,
I3, I3L, and I4
CMU
0.85 V
2.5 V
Gen1 or Gen2—DFE, AEQ and EyeQ not used
C1, C2, I2
CMU
0.90 V
2.5 V
Gen3
All
ATX
1.0 V
3.0 V
Gen3
All
CMU
1.0 V
3.0 V
Gen1 or Gen2
Speed Grade
The Quartus II software provides default values for analog parameters. You can change the defaults using
the Assignment Editor or the Pin Planner. You can also edit your .qsf directly or by typing commands in
the Quartus II Tcl Console.
The following example shows how to change the value of the voltages required:
1. On the Assignments menu, select Assignment Editor. The Assignment Editor appears.
2. Complete the following steps for each pin requiring the VCCR_GXB and V CCT_GXB voltage:
a. Double-click in the Assignment Name column and scroll to the bottom of the available
assignments.
b. Select VCCR_GXB/VCCT_GXB Voltage.
c. In the Value column, select 1_0V from the list.
3. Complete the following steps for each pin requiring the VCCA_GXB voltage:
В© 2014 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. ALTERA, ARRIA, CYCLONE, ENPIRION, MAX, MEGACORE, NIOS, QUARTUS and STRATIX words and logos are
trademarks of Altera Corporation and registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries. All other words and logos identified as
trademarks or service marks are the property of their respective holders as described at www.altera.com/common/legal.html. Altera warrants performance
of its semiconductor products to current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any
products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability arising out of the application or use of any information,
product, or service described herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera. Altera customers are advised to obtain the latest version of device
specifications before relying on any published information and before placing orders for products or services.
www.altera.com
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Registered
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Recommended Reset Sequence to Avoid Link Training Issues
a. Double-click in the Assignment Name column and scroll to the bottom of the available
assignments.
b. Select VCCA_GXB Voltage.
c. In the Value column, select 3_0V from the list.
The Quartus II software adds these instance assignments commands to the .qsf file for your project.
You can also enter these commands at the Quartus II Tcl Console. For example, the following command
sets the XCVR_VCCR_VCCT_VOLTAGE to 1.0 V for the pin specified:
set_instance_assignment -name XCVR_VCCR_VCCT_VOLTAGE 1_0V to “pin”
Related Information
• Stratix V Device Datasheet
• Stratix E, GS, and GX Device Family Pin Connection Guidelines
Recommended Reset Sequence to Avoid Link Training Issues
Successful link training can only occur after the FPGA is configured and the Transceiver Reconfiguration
Controller IP Core has dynamically reconfigured SERDES analog settings to optimize signal quality. For
designs using CvP, link training occurs after configuration of the I/O ring and Hard IP for PCI Express IP
Core. Refer to Reset Sequence for Hard IP for PCI Express IP Core and Application Layer for a description
of the key signals that control reset, control dynamic reconfiguration, and link training. Altera
recommends separate control of reset signals for the Endpoint and Root Port. Successful reset sequence
includes the following steps:
1. Wait until the FPGA is configured as indicated by the assertion of CONFIG_DONE from the FPGA block
controller.
2. Deassert the mgmt_rst_reset input to the Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller IP Core.
3. Wait for tx_cal_busy and rx_cal_busy SERDES outputs to be deasserted.
4. Wait 1 ms after the assertion of CONFIG_DONE, then deassert the Endpoint reset.
5. Wait approximately 100 ms, then deassert the Root Port reset.
6. Deassert the reset output to the Application Layer.
Figure 10-1: Recommended Reset Sequence
CONF_DONE
1 ms
Endpoint Reset
100 ms
Root Port Reset
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SDC Timing Constraints
10-3
Related Information
Reset Sequence for Hard IP for PCI Express IP Core and Application Layer on page 6-3
SDC Timing Constraints
Note: You may need to change the name of the Reconfiguration Controller clock, reconfig_xcvr_clk,
to match the clock name used in your design. The following error message indicates that
TimeQuest could not match the constraint to any clock in your design:
Ignored filter at altpcied_sv.sdc(25): *reconfig_xcvr_clk* could not be matched
with a port or pin or register or keeper or net
Example 10-1: SDC Timing Constraints Required for the Stratix V Hard IP for PCIe and Design
Example
# Constraints required for the Hard IP for PCI Express
# derive_pll_clock is used to calculate all clock derived from
# PCIe refclk. It must be applied once across all of the SDC
# files used in a project
derive_pll_clocks -create_base_clocks
derive_clock_uncertainty
#########################################################################
# Reconfig Controller IP core constraints
# Set reconfig_xcvr clock:
# this line will likely need to be modified to match the actual
# clock pin name used for this clock, and also changed to have
# the correct period set for the clock actually used
create_clock -period "125 MHz" -name {reconfig_xcvr_clk}
{*reconfig_xcvr_clk*}
######################################################################
# Hard IP testin pins SDC constraints
set_false_path -from [get_pins -compatibility_mode *hip_ctrl*]
######################################################################
# These additional constraints are for Gen3 only
set_false_path -from [get_clocks {reconfig_xcvr_clk}] -to [get_clocks
{*|altpcie_hip_256_pipen1b|stratixv_hssi_gen3_pcie_hip|coreclkout}]
set_false_path -from [get_clocks {*|altpcie_hip_256_pipen1b|
stratixv_hssi_gen3_pcie_hip|coreclkout}] -to
[get_clocks {reconfig_xcvr_clk}]
Additional .sdc timing are in the /<project_dir>/synthesis/submodules directory.
Design Implementation
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As silicon progresses towards smaller process nodes, circuit performance is affected by variations due to
process, voltage, and temperature (PVT). Consequently, Gen3 designs require offset cancellation and
adaptive equalization (AEQ) to ensure correct operation. Altera’s Qsys example designs all include
Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller and Altera PCIe Reconfig Driver IP cores that automatically
perform these functions during the LTSSM equalization states.
Connecting the Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller IP Core
The Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller IP Core is available for V-series devices and can be found in
the Interface Protocols/Transceiver PHY category in the IP Catalog. When you instantiate the
Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller the Enable offset cancellation block and Enable PLL calibration
options are enabled by default. For Gen3 variants, you should also turn on Enable adaptive equalization
(AEQ) block.
Figure 11-1: Altera Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller Connectivity
The following figure shows the connections between the Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller instance
and the PHY IP Core for PCI Express instance for a Г—4 variant.
Hard IP for PCI Express Variant
Hard IP for PCI Express
Transaction
Data
Link
PHY
PHY IP Core for PCI Express
Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller
100-125 MHz
Avalon-MM
Slave Interface
to and from
Embedded
Controller
mgmt_clk_clk
mgmt_rst_reset
reconfig_mgmt_address[6:0]
reconfig_mgmt_writedata[31:0]
reconfig_mgmt_readdata[31:0]
reconfig_mgmt_write
reconfig_mgmt_read
reconfig_mgmt_waitrequest
Transceiver Bank
(Unused)
Lane 3
reconfig_to_xcvr
reconfig_from_xcvr
Lane 2
Lane 1
TX PLL
Lane 0
В© 2014 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. ALTERA, ARRIA, CYCLONE, ENPIRION, MAX, MEGACORE, NIOS, QUARTUS and STRATIX words and logos are
trademarks of Altera Corporation and registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries. All other words and logos identified as
trademarks or service marks are the property of their respective holders as described at www.altera.com/common/legal.html. Altera warrants performance
of its semiconductor products to current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any
products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability arising out of the application or use of any information,
product, or service described herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera. Altera customers are advised to obtain the latest version of device
specifications before relying on any published information and before placing orders for products or services.
www.altera.com
101 Innovation Drive, San Jose, CA 95134
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Registered
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Connecting the Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller IP Core
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As this figure illustrates, the reconfig_to_xcvr[ <n> 70-1:0] and reconfig_from_xcvr[ <n> 46-1:0]
buses connect the two components. You must provide a 100–125 MHz free-running clock to the
mgmt_clk_clk clock input of the Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller IP Core.
Initially, each lane and TX PLL require a separate reconfiguration interface. The parameter editor reports
this number in the message pane. You must take note of this number so that you can enter it as a
parameter value in the Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller parameter editor. The following figure
illustrates the messages reported for a Gen2 Г—4 variant. The variant requires five interfaces: one for each
lane and one for the TX PLL.
Figure 11-2: Number of External Reconfiguration Controller Interfaces
When you instantiate the Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller, you must specify the required Number
of reconfiguration interfaces as the following figure illustrates.
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Connecting the Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller IP Core
11-3
Figure 11-3: Specifying the Number of Transceiver Interfaces for Arria V GZ and Stratix V Devices
The Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller includes an Optional interface grouping parameter.
Transceiver banks include six channels. For a Г—4 variant, no special interface grouping is required because
all 4 lanes and the TX PLL fit in one bank.
Note: Although you must initially create a separate logical reconfiguration interface for each lane and TX
PLL in your design, when the Quartus II software compiles your design, it reduces the original
number of logical interfaces by merging them. Allowing the Quartus II software to merge reconfi‐
guration interfaces gives the Fitter more flexibility in placing transceiver channels.
Note: You cannot use SignalTap to observe the reconfiguration interfaces.
Transceiver PHY IP Reconfiguration
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Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller Connectivity for Designs Using CvP
Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller Connectivity for Designs Using
CvP
If your design meets the following criteria:
• It enables CvP
• It includes an additional transceiver PHY that connect to the same Transceiver Reconfiguration
Controller
then you must connect the PCIe refclk signal to the mgmt_clk_clk signal of the Transceiver Reconfigu‐
ration Controller and the additional transceiver PHY. In addition, if your design includes more than one
Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller on the same side of the FPGA, they all must share the
mgmt_clk_clk signal.
For more information about using the Transceiver Reconfiguration Controller, refer to the Transceiver
Reconfiguration Controller chapter in the Altera Transceiver PHY IP Core User Guide.
Related Information
• Altera Transceiver PHY IP Core User Guide
• Application Note 645: Dynamic Reconfiguration of PMA Controls in Stratix V Devices
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Transceiver PHY IP Reconfiguration
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Debugging
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As you bring up your PCI Express system, you may face a number of issues related to FPGA configura‐
tion, link training, BIOS enumeration, data transfer, and so on. This chapter suggests some strategies to
resolve the common issues that occur during hardware bring-up.
Hardware Bring-Up Issues
Typically, PCI Express hardware bring-up involves the following steps:
1. System reset
2. Link training
3. BIOS enumeration
The following sections, describe how to debug the hardware bring-up flow. Altera recommends a
systematic approach to diagnosing bring-up issues as illustrated in the following figure.
Figure 12-1: Debugging Link Training Issues
system reset
Does Link
Train
Correctly?
Successful
OS/BIOS
Enumeration?
Yes
No
Check LTSSM
Status
Check PIPE
Interface
Yes
Check Configuration
Space
No
Use PCIe
Analyzer
Soft Reset System to
Force Enumeration
Link Training
The Physical Layer automatically performs link training and initialization without software intervention.
This is a well-defined process to configure and initialize the device's Physical Layer and link so that PCIe
В© 2014 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. ALTERA, ARRIA, CYCLONE, ENPIRION, MAX, MEGACORE, NIOS, QUARTUS and STRATIX words and logos are
trademarks of Altera Corporation and registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries. All other words and logos identified as
trademarks or service marks are the property of their respective holders as described at www.altera.com/common/legal.html. Altera warrants performance
of its semiconductor products to current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any
products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability arising out of the application or use of any information,
product, or service described herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera. Altera customers are advised to obtain the latest version of device
specifications before relying on any published information and before placing orders for products or services.
www.altera.com
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Debugging Link that Fails To Reach L0
packets can be transmitted. If you encounter link training issues, viewing the actual data in hardware
should help you determine the root cause. You can use the following tools to provide hardware visibility:
• SignalTap II Embedded Logic Analyzer
• Third-party PCIe analyzer
You can use SignalTap II Embedded Logic Analyzer to diagnose the LTSSM state transitions that are
occurring on the PIPE interface. The ltssmstate[4:0] bus encodes the status of LTSSM. The LTSSM
state machine reflects the Physical Layer’s progress through the link training process. For a complete
description of the states these signals encode, refer to Status, Link Training and Reset Signals. When link
training completes successfully and the link is up, the LTSSM should remain stable in the L0 state. When
link issues occur, you can monitor ltssmstate[4:0] to determine the cause.
Related Information
Reset, Status, and Link Training Signals on page 4-24
Debugging Link that Fails To Reach L0
The following table describes possible causes of the failure to reach L0.
Table 12-1: Link Training Fails to Reach L0
Possible Causes
Link fails the
Receiver Detect
sequence.
Altera Corporation
Symptoms and Root Causes
LTSSM toggles between
Detect.Quiet(0) and
Detect.Active(1) states
Workarounds and Solutions
Check the following termination settings:
• For Gen1 and Gen2, the PCI Express Base
Specification, Rev 3.0. states a range of 0.075
µF–0.265 µF for on-chip termination (OCT).
• For Gen3, the PCI Express Base Specification,
Rev 3.0 states a range of 0.176 µF–0.265 µF
for OCT.
• Altera uses 0.22 µF terminations to ensure
compliance across all data rates.
• Link partner RX pins must also have
appropriate values for terminations.
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Possible Causes
Link fails with
LTSSM stuck in
Detect.Active state
(1)
Debugging Link that Fails To Reach L0
Symptoms and Root Causes
Debugging
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Workarounds and Solutions
This behavior may be caused by For Stratix V devices, a workaround is
a PMA issue if the host
implemented in the reset sequence.
interrupts the Electrical Idle
state as indicated by high to low
transitions on the RxElecIdle
(rxelecidle)signal when
TxDetectRx=0 (txdetectrx0)
at PIPE interface. Check if OCT
is turned off by a Quartus
Settings File (.qsf) command.
PCIe requires that OCT must be
used for proper Receiver Detect
with a value of 100 Ohm. You
can debug this issue using
SignalTap II and oscilloscope.
On the PIPE interface extracted
from the test_out bus, confirm
that the Hard IP for PCI Express
IP Core is transmitting valid
TS1 in the Polling.Active(2)
state or TS1 and TS2 in the
Polling.Configuration (4) state
on txdata0. The Root Port
or:
should be sending either the TS1
Ordered
Set or a compliance
Detect.Quiet (0),
pattern
as
seen on rxdata0.
Detect.Active (1),
These
symptoms
indicate that
and Polling.Configu‐
the Root Port did not receive the
ration (4)
valid training Ordered Set from
Endpoint because the Endpoint
transmitted corrupted data on
the link. You can debug this
issue using SignalTap II. Refer
to PIPE Interface Signals for a
list of the test_out bus signals.
Link fails with the
LTSSM toggling
between:
Detect.Quiet (0),
Detect.Active (1),
and Polling.Active
(2),
12-3
The following are some of the reasons the
Endpoint might send corrupted data:
• Signal integrity issues. Measure the TX eye
and check it against the eye opening require‐
ments in the PCI Express Base Specification,
Rev 3.0. Adjust the transceiver pre-emphasis
and equalization settings to open the eye.
• Bypass the Transceiver Reconfiguration
Controller IP Core to see if the link comes up
at the expected data rate without this
component. If it does, make sure the
connection to Transceiver Reconfig
Controller IP Core is correct.
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Setting Up Simulation
Possible Causes
Link fails due to
unstable rx_
signaldetect
Symptoms and Root Causes
Confirm that rx_signaldetect
bus of the active lanes is all 1’s.
If all active lanes are driving all
1’s, the LTSSM state machine
toggles between Detect.Quiet(0),
Detect.Active(1), and
Polling.Active(2) states.
Workarounds and Solutions
This issue may be caused by mismatches
between the expected power supply to RX side
of the receiver and the actual voltage supplied to
the FPGA from your boards. If your PCB drives
VCCT/VCCR with 1.0 V, you must apply the
following command to both P and N pins of
each active channel to override the default
setting of 0.85 V.
set_instance_assignment -name XCVR_
VCCR_VCCT_VOLTAGE 1_0V –to “pin”
Substitute the pin names from your design for
“pin”.
Link fails because the Confirm that the LTSSM state
LTSSM state machine machine is in
Polling.Compliance(3) using
enters Compliance
SignalTap II.
Possible causes include the following:
• Setting test_in[6]=1 forces entry to
Compliance mode when a timeout is reached
in the Polling.Active state.
• Differential pairs are incorrectly connected
to the pins of the device. For example, the
Endpoint’s TX signals are connected to the
RX pins and the Endpoint’s RX signals are to
the TX pins.
Setting Up Simulation
Changing the simulation parameters reduces simulation time and provides greater visibility.
Changing Between Serial and PIPE Simulation
By default, the Altera testbench runs a serial simulation. You can change between serial and PIPE
simulation by editing the top-level testbench file.
The hip_ctrl_simu_mode_pipe signal and enable_pipe32_sim_hwtcl parameter, specify serial or PIPE
simulation. When both are set to 1'b0, the simulation runs in serial mode. When both are set to 1'b1, the
simulation runs in PIPE mode. Complete the following steps to enable PIPE simulation. These steps
assume that the actual testbench is Gen3 x8 with an Avalon-ST 256-bit interface.:
1. In the top-level testbench, which is <working_dir>/<variant>/testbench/<variant>_tb/simulation/<variant>_
tb.v, change the signal, hip_ctrl_simu_mode_pipe to 1'b1 as shown:
pcie_de_gen3_x8_ast256 pcie_de_gen3_x8_ast256_inst (.hip_ctrl_simu_mode_pipe
( 1'b1 ),
2. In the top-level HDL module for the Hard IP which is <working_dir>/<variant>/testbench/<variant>_tb/
simulation/submodules/<variant>.v change the parameter enable_pipe32_sim_hwtcl parameter to 1'b1
as shown:
altpcie_<dev>_hip_ast_hwtcl #( .enable_pipe32_sim_hwtcl ( 1 ),
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Using the PIPE Interface for Gen1 and Gen2 Variants
12-5
Using the PIPE Interface for Gen1 and Gen2 Variants
Running the simulation in PIPE mode reduces simulation time and provides greater visibility.
Complete the following steps to simulate using the PIPE interface:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Change to your simulation directory, <work_dir>/<variant>/testbench/<variant>_tb/simulation
Open <variant>_tb.v.
Search for the string, serial_sim_hwtcl. Set the value of this parameter to 0 if it is 1.
Save <variant>_tb.v.
Reducing Counter Values for Serial Simulations
You can accelerate simulation by reducing the value of counters whose default values are set for hardware,
not simulation.
Complete the following steps to reduce counter values for simulation:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Open <work_dir>/<variant>/testbench/<variant>_tb/simulation/submodules/altpcie_tbed_<dev>_hwtcl.v .
Search for the string, test_in.
To reduce the value of several counters, set test_in[0] = 1.
Save altpcietb_bfm_top_rp.v.
Disable the Scrambler for Gen1 and Gen2 Simulations
The encoding scheme implemented by the scrambler applies a binary polynomial to the data stream to
ensure enough data transitions between 0 and 1 to prevent clock drift. The data is decoded at the other
end of the link by running the inverse polynomial.
Complete the following steps to disable the scrambler:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Open <work_dir>/<variant>/testbench/<variant>_tb/simulation/submodules/altpcie_tbed_<dev>_hwtcl.v.
Search for the string, test_in.
To disable the scrambler, set test_in[2] = 1.
Save altpcie_tbed_sv_hwtcl.v.
Changing between the Hard and Soft Reset Controller
The Hard IP for PCI Express includes both hard and soft reset control logic. By default, Gen1 devices use
the Hard Reset Controller. Gen2 and Gen3 devices use the soft reset controller. For variants that use the
hard reset controller, changing to the soft reset controller provides greater visibility.
Complete the following steps to change to the soft reset controller:
1. Open <work_dir>/<variant>/testbench/<variant>_tb/simulation/submodules/<variant>.v.
2. Search for the string, hip_hard_reset_hwtcl.
3. If hip_hard_reset_hwtcl = 1, the hard reset controller is active. Set hip_hard_reset_hwtcl = 0 to
change to the soft reset controller.
4. Save variant.v.
Debugging
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Use Third-Party PCIe Analyzer
A third-party logic analyzer for PCI Express records the traffic on the physical link and decodes traffic,
saving you the trouble of translating the symbols yourself. A third-party logic analyzer can show the
two-way traffic at different levels for different requirements. For high-level diagnostics, the analyzer
shows the LTSSM flows for devices on both side of the link side-by-side. This display can help you see the
link training handshake behavior and identify where the traffic gets stuck. A traffic analyzer can display
the contents of packets so that you can verify the contents. For complete details, refer to the third-party
documentation.
BIOS Enumeration Issues
Both FPGA programming (configuration) and the initialization of a PCIe link require time. Potentially,
an Altera FPGA including a Hard IP block for PCI Express may not be ready when the OS/BIOS begins
enumeration of the device tree. If the FPGA is not fully programmed when the OS/BIOS begins its
enumeration, the OS does not include the Hard IP for PCI Express in its device map.
You can use either of the following two methods to eliminate this issue:
• You can perform a soft reset of the system to retain the FPGA programming while forcing the OS/
BIOS to repeat its enumeration.
• You can use CvP to program the device.
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Transaction Layer Packet (TLP) Header Formats
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The following figures show the header format for TLPs without a data payload.
Figure A-1: Memory Read Request, 32-Bit Addressing
Memory Read Request, 32-Bit Addressing
+0
Byte 0
+1
+2
+3
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
7
6
5
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
TD
EP
Attr
Byte 4
0
TC
0 0 0 0
Requester ID
Byte 8
4
3 2 1 0 7 6 5
0 0
4
3
2
0
Length
Tag
Last BE
First BE
0
0
6 5 4 3 2 1
0
Address[31:2]
Byte 12
1
Reserved
Figure A-2: Memory Read Request, Locked 32-Bit Addressing
Memory Read Request, Locked 32-Bit Addressing
+0
+1
+2
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7 6 5
Byte 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Byte 4
Byte 8
Byte 12
TC
4 3 2 1 0
0 0 0 0
+3
7
6
5 4 3
2
1 0
TD
EP
Attr
0
Length
Requester ID
Tag
0
7
Last BE
First BE
Address[31:2]
101 Innovation Drive, San Jose, CA 95134
0
Reserved
В© 2014 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. ALTERA, ARRIA, CYCLONE, ENPIRION, MAX, MEGACORE, NIOS, QUARTUS and STRATIX words and logos are
trademarks of Altera Corporation and registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries. All other words and logos identified as
trademarks or service marks are the property of their respective holders as described at www.altera.com/common/legal.html. Altera warrants performance
of its semiconductor products to current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any
products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability arising out of the application or use of any information,
product, or service described herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera. Altera customers are advised to obtain the latest version of device
specifications before relying on any published information and before placing orders for products or services.
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0
ISO
9001:2008
Registered
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Transaction Layer Packet (TLP) Header Formats
Figure A-3: Memory Read Request, 64-Bit Addressing
Memory Read Request, 64-Bit Addressing
+0
Byte 0
+1
+2
+3
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7
6
5 4 3 2 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
EP
Att
r
Byte 4
TC
0 0 0 0
TD
Requester ID
0
0
7 6
0
Address[63:32]
Byte 12
Address[31:2]
4
3 2
1
0
Length
Tag
Byte 8
5
Last BE
First BE
0
0
2 1
0
Figure A-4: Memory Read Request, Locked 64-Bit Addressing
Memory Read Request, Locked 64-Bit Addressing
+0
Byte 0
+1
7 6
5 4 3
2 1 0 7
0 0
1 0 0
0 0 1
Byte 4
0
+2
+3
6 5 4
3 2 1
0 7
6
5 4
3
2 1 0
TC
0 0 0
0
EP
Att
r
0
0
T
Requester ID
7
Address[63:32]
Byte 12
Address[31:2]
3
Length
Tag
Byte 8
6 5 4
Last BE
First BE
0
0
Figure A-5: Configuration Read Request Root Port (Type 1)
Configuration Read Request Root Port (Type 1)
Byte 0
Byte 4
Byte 8
Byte 12
Altera Corporation
+0
+1
+2
+3
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
7 6 5 4 3
2 1 0 7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
5 4 3 2 1
0
0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0
TD
EP 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0 0 0
1
0
0
Func
0
0
Requester ID
Bus Number
Device No
0
Tag
0 0
Ext Reg
0
First BE
Register No
0
0
Reserved
Transaction Layer Packet (TLP) Header Formats
Send Feedback
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A-3
Transaction Layer Packet (TLP) Header Formats
Figure A-6: I/O Read Request
I/O Read Request
Byte 0
+0
+1
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
7 6 5 4 3
2 1 0 7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
5 4 3 2 1
0
0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0
EP 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 0 0 0
1
0
0
0
Byte 4
+2
+3
TD
Requester ID
Tag
Byte 8
0
First BE
Address[31:2]
Byte 12
0
0
Reserved
Figure A-7: Message without Data
Message without Data
+0
Byte 0
+1
7 6 5 4 3 2
1
0
7 6
r
2
r
1
r
0
0 TC
0 0 1 1 0
Byte 4
+2
5 4 3 2 1 0
+3
7
0 0 0 0 TD
6
5
4 3 2
1
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
0
EP
0
0 0 0
0
0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0
Requester ID
Tag
Byte 8
Vendor defined or all zeros
Byte 12
Vendor defined or all zeros
Message Code
Note:
(1) Not supported in Avalon-MM.
Figure A-8: Completion without Data
Completion without Data
+0
Byte 0
+1
+3
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7 6 5 4
3 2 1 0 7
6
5
4
3
2 1
0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 TC
0 0 0 0 TD
EP
Att
r
0
0
Byte 4
Completer ID
Byte 8
Requester ID
Byte 12
Transaction Layer Packet (TLP) Header Formats
Send Feedback
+2
Status
B
Tag
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Length
Byte Count
0
Lower Address
Reserved
Altera Corporation
A-4
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TLP Packet Formats with Data Payload
Figure A-9: Completion Locked without Data
Completion Locked without Data
Byte 0
+0
+1
+2
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
7 6 5 4
3 2 1 0
7
6
5
4
3
2
0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1
0
0 0 0
TD
EP
Att
r
0
0
TC
Byte 4
Completer ID
Byte 8
Requester ID
0
+3
Status
1
0
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Length
B
Byte Count
0
Tag
Byte 12
7
Lower Address
Reserved
TLP Packet Formats with Data Payload
Figure A-10: Memory Write Request, 32-Bit Addressing
Memory Write Request, 32-Bit Addressing
+0
+1
+2
+3
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7
0 0 0 0 TD
Byte 0
0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 TC
Byte 4
Requester ID
Byte 8
6
5 4
3
2 1 0 7
EP
Att
r
0
0
6
5 4 3
1
0
Length
Tag
Last BE
First BE
Address[31:2]
Byte 12
2
0
0
3 2 1
0
Reserved
Figure A-11: Memory Write Request, 64-Bit Addressing
Memory Write Request, 64-Bit Addressing
+0
Byte 0
Byte 4
+1
+2
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7 6
5 4 3 2 1 0
0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
TC
0
0 0 0
7
0 TD
+3
6
5
EP
Att
r
Requester ID
Tag
Byte 8
Address[63:32]
Byte 12
Address[31:2]
Altera Corporation
4
3 2 1
0
0
0
7 6 5
4
Length
Last BE
First BE
0
0
Transaction Layer Packet (TLP) Header Formats
Send Feedback
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A-5
TLP Packet Formats with Data Payload
Figure A-12: Configuration Write Request Root Port (Type 1)
Configuration Write Request Root Port (Type 1)
+0
Byte 0
+1
+2
+3
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 TD
EP
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
First BE
Byte 4
Requester ID
Byte 8
Bus Number
Tag
Device No
Byte 12
0
0
0
0
Ext Reg
Register No
0
0
Reserved
Figure A-13: I/O Write Request
I/O Write Request
+0
Byte 0
+1
+2
+3
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 TD
EP
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
First BE
Byte 4
Requester ID
Byte 8
Tag
Address[31:2]
Byte 12
0
0
1
0
Reserved
Figure A-14: Completion with Data
Completion with Data
+0
Byte 0
+1
+2
+3
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7 6 5 4
3 2 1 0 7
6
5
4
3
2 1
0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
0 0 0 0 TD
EP
Att
r
0
0
TC
Byte 4
Completer ID
Byte 8
Requester ID
Byte 12
Transaction Layer Packet (TLP) Header Formats
Send Feedback
Status
B
Tag
0
7 6
5
4
3
2
Length
Byte Count
0
Lower Address
Reserved
Altera Corporation
A-6
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TLP Packet Formats with Data Payload
Figure A-15: Completion Locked with Data
Completion Locked with Data
+0
+1
+2
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7 6 5
Byte 0
0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0
TC
Byte 4
Completer ID
Byte 8
Requester ID
4
+3
3 2 1 0 7
6
5
4
3
2 1
0 0 0 0
EP
Att
r
0
0
TD
Status
B
7 6
5
4 3 2
1
0
Length
Byte Count
0
Tag
Byte 12
0
Lower Address
Reserved
Figure A-16: Message with Data
Message with Data
+0
Byte 0
Byte 4
+1
+2
+3
7 6 5 4 3 2
1
0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 7
6
r
2
r
1
r
0
0
EP 0 0 0
0 1 1 1 0
TC
Requester ID
0 0 0 0
TD
5 4 3 2 1 0 7 6 5
Tag
Byte 8
Vendor defined or all zeros for Slot Power Limit
Byte 12
Vendor defined or all zeros for Slots Power Limit
Altera Corporation
0
4
3 2 1
0
Length
Message Code
Transaction Layer Packet (TLP) Header Formats
Send Feedback
Additional Information
B
2014.12.15
UG-01097_sriov
Send Feedback
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SR-IOV PCIe Revision History
Date
Version
2014.12.15
14.1
Changes Made
Made the following changes to the user guide:
• Corrected definition of app_int_sts_fn. This signal is not a
vector.
• Corrected definition of rx_st_err. This signal is not a vector.
• Added vector to descriptions of ko_clp_spc_data[11:0] and ko_
cpl_spc_header[7:0].
• Removed fixedclk_locked signal.
• Added instructions to run ModelSim simulation.
• Added statement about running gate-level simulation.
• Added resource utilization to Datasheet chapter.
2014.06.30
14.0
Initial Release
Revision History for the Avalon-MM Interface with DMA
Revision History for the Avalon-St Interface
How to Contact Altera
To locate the most up-to-date information about Altera products, refer to the following table.
Contact
(1)
Technical support
Contact Method
Website
Address
www.altera.com/support
В© 2014 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. ALTERA, ARRIA, CYCLONE, ENPIRION, MAX, MEGACORE, NIOS, QUARTUS and STRATIX words and logos are
trademarks of Altera Corporation and registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and in other countries. All other words and logos identified as
trademarks or service marks are the property of their respective holders as described at www.altera.com/common/legal.html. Altera warrants performance
of its semiconductor products to current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any
products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability arising out of the application or use of any information,
product, or service described herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera. Altera customers are advised to obtain the latest version of device
specifications before relying on any published information and before placing orders for products or services.
www.altera.com
101 Innovation Drive, San Jose, CA 95134
ISO
9001:2008
Registered
B-2
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Typographic Conventions
Contact
(1)
Contact Method
Address
Website
www.altera.com/training
Email
[email protected]
Product literature
Website
www.altera.com/literature
Nontechnical support (general)
Email
[email protected]
(software licensing)
Email
[email protected]
Technical training
Note to Table:
1. You can also contact your local Altera sales office or sales representative.
Related Information
•
•
•
•
•
•
Technical Support
Technical Training
Customer Training
Product Documentation
Non-Technical Suport (general)
Licensing
Typographic Conventions
The following table shows the typographic conventions this document uses.
Table B-1: Visual CueMeaning
Visual Cue
Meaning
Bold Type with Initial Capital Letters
Indicate command names, dialog box titles, dialog
box options, and other GUI labels. For example,
Save As dialog box. For GUI elements, capitaliza‐
tion matches the GUI.
bold type
Indicates directory names, project names, disk drive
names, file names, file name extensions, software
utility names, and GUI labels. For example, \
qdesigns directory, D: drive, and chiptrip.gdf file.
Italic Type with Initial Capital Letters
Indicate document titles. For example, Stratix IV
Design Guidelines.
Altera Corporation
Additional Information
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Typographic Conventions
Visual Cue
italic type
B-3
Meaning
Indicates variables. For example, n + 1.
Variable names are enclosed in angle brackets (< >).
For example, <file name> and <project name> .pof
file.
Initial Capital Letters
Indicate keyboard keys and menu names. For
example, the Delete key and the Options menu.
“Subheading Title”
Quotation marks indicate references to sections in a
document and titles of Quartus II Help topics. For
example, “Typographic Conventions.”
Courier type
Indicates signal, port, register, bit, block, and
primitive names. For example, data1, tdi, and
input. The suffix n denotes an active-low signal.
For example, resetn.
Indicates command line commands and anything
that must be typed exactly as it appears. For
example, c:\qdesigns\tutorial\chiptrip.gdf.
Also indicates sections of an actual file, such as a
Report File, references to parts of files (for example,
the AHDL keyword SUBDESIGN), and logic function
names (for example, TRI).
r
An angled arrow instructs you to press the Enter
key.
1., 2., 3., anda., b., c., and so on
Numbered steps indicate a list of items when the
sequence of the items is important, such as the steps
listed in a procedure.
пЃ® пЃ® пЃ®
Bullets indicate a list of items when the sequence of
the items is not important.
1
The hand points to information that requires
special attention.
h
The question mark directs you to a software help
system with related information.
f
The feet direct you to another document or website
with related information.
Additional Information
Send Feedback
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Typographic Conventions
Visual Cue
Meaning
m
The multimedia icon directs you to a related
multimedia presentation.
c
A caution calls attention to a condition or possible
situation that can damage or destroy the product or
your work.
w
A warning calls attention to a condition or possible
situation that can cause you injury.
The Subscribe button links to the Email Subscription Management Center page of the Altera website,
where you can sign up to receive update notifications for Altera documents.
The Feedback icon allows you to submit feedback to Altera about the document. Methods for collecting
feedback vary as appropriate for each document.
Related Information
Email Subscription Management Center
Altera Corporation
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