Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide

Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
GraphisoftВ® ArchiCADВ® 11
Basic
Interactive Training Guide
Graphisoft
Visit the Graphisoft website at http://www.graphisoft.com for local distributor and product availability information.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide – International English (metric) version
Copyright В© 2007 by Graphisoft, all rights reserved. Reproduction, paraphrasing or translation without express prior written permission is
strictly prohibited.
Trademarks
ArchiCADВ®, Virtual Buildingв„ў, Virtual Traceв„ў and Virtual Building Solutionsв„ў are trademarks of Graphisoft.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective holders.
CONTENTS
Getting Started with the Archicad Interactive Training
Guide __________________________________________5
Step 1: Download and Install Archicad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Step 2: Create the Interactive Training Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Step 3: How to Use Movie Player in Archicad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Part I: Conceptual Design _________________________9
Chapter 1: Working with Slabs, Walls and Columns_______________10
Step One: Working with Slabs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
1.1 Create a Floor Slab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
1.2 Create a Pavement Slab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
1.3 Cut a Hole in the Slab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Step Two: Working with Walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.1 Create Walls in 3D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
2.2 Create a Curved Wall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
2.3 Modifying the Length of the Curved Wall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Step Three: Working with Columns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3.1 Place a Column. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
3.2 Multiplying Columns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Chapter 2: Working with Stories and Roofs _____________________20
Step One: Editing Stories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
1.1 Editing Stories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
1.2 Editing Wall Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
1.3 Add a Gallery Slab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
1.4 Add a Terrace Slab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Step Two: Working with Roofs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
2.1 Using Virtual Tracing Paper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
2.2 Adding a Roof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
2.3 Trimming Walls and Columns to the Roof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Step Three: Creating Sections and Elevations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
3.1 Creating a Cross-Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
3.2 Create More Sections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part II: Design Evaluation _______________________ 31
Chapter 3: Working with Sections and Elevations _______________ 32
Step One: Working with Sections and Elevations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
1.1 Adding Vectorial Hatches and Shadings to Sections and Elevations. . . .32
1.2 Modifying the Curved Wall in the Elevation View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Chapter 4: Adding and Adjusting Openings, Internal Circulation and
Furniture ________________________________________________ 36
Step One: Adding External and Internal Walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
1.1 Adding External and Internal Walls to the Project. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
1.2 Add a Partition Wall to the Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Step Two: Adding and Adjusting Openings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
2.1 Add an Entrance Door to the Building. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
2.2 Add an Internal Door to the Building. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
2.3 Add more Doors to the Building. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
2.4 Add Windows to the Building . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
2.5 Add a Sliding Door Into the Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
2.6 Multiply Openings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
2.7 Using “Virtual Trace”. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
2.8 Adding a New Door with the Help of the Virtual Trace . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
2.9 Adding new Windows to the Gallery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
2.10 Modifying Windows in the Elevation View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
2.11 Multiplying Windows in the Elevation View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
2.12 Editing the Sliding Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
Step Three: Adding Circulation and other Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
3.1 Adding a Staircase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
3.2 Creating an Internal Perspective Camera View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
3.3 Adding a Hole to the Gallery Slab on the Floor Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
3.4 Editing Building Elements with �Find & Select’ in the 3D Window . . . .59
3.5 Adding and Adjusting Handrails on the Gallery Level. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
3.6 Adjusting the Posts of the Railing in the 3D Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
3.7 Adding Fixtures and Furniture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66
3
Contents
Part III. Construction Documentation _____________ 69
Part IV: Presentation & Publishing _______________ 96
Chapter 5: Working with Associative Dimensions________________ 70
Step One: Adding Associative Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
1.1 Adding Dimensons to the Floorplan, Using the Automatic Dimensioning
Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
1.2 Adding a Radial Dimenson to the Curved Wall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Step Two: Adding Level Dimensions to the Floorplan . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Step Three: Adding Dimensions to Elevations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
3.1 Adding Elevation Dimensons Into the Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Chapter 9: Adding Cameras and Creating LightWorks and Sketch
Renderings _______________________________________________97
Step One: Working with Cameras . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
1.1 Add a Plateau Slab to the Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
1.2 Add a New Camera Path to the Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
1.3 Add Cameras to the Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
1.4 Add More Cameras to the Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Step Two: Creating Rendered Presentation Images. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
2.1 Creating Sketch Rendered Presentation Images. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
2.2 Creating Lightworks Rendered Presentation Images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Chapter 6: Working with 3D Zones ___________________________ 77
Step One: Adding a New 3D Zone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
1.1 Adding 3D Zones Into the Project Using the Automatic Method . . . . . 77
1.2 Adding 3D Zones Into the Project Using the Manual Method . . . . . . . 78
1.3 Modifying 3D Zones in the 3D View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Chapter 7: Interactive Element Schedules ______________________ 81
Step One: Working with Interactive Element Schedules . . . . . . . . . . 81
1.1 Working with Interactive Element Schedules. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Chapter 8: Detail Drawings __________________________________ 84
Step One: Adding Detail Drawings to the Poject . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
1.1 Modify Section Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
1.2 Working with Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Step Two: Working with External DWG Detail Drawings . . . . . . . . . 88
2.1 Merging and Adjusting External DWG Detail Drawings . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Step Three: Working with a Worksheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
3.1 Add Level Dimensions to a Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
3.2 Create a Worksheet Drawing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
4
Chapter 10: Publishing the Project ___________________________ 110
Step One: Working with a Custom Project View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
1.1 Creating a New Custom Project View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Step Two: Organizing Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
2.1 Creating a New View Set. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Step Three: Working with Layouts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
3.1 Creating a New Layout For the Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
3.2 Changing the Master Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
3.3 Editing Text in the Master Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Step Four: Sections and Detail Numbers and Markers . . . . . . . . . . . 124
4.1 Working with Drawing Grids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
4.2 Working with Parametric Automated Section and Detail Markers . . . . 125
Step Five: Publishing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
5.1 Publishing Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
5.2 Publishing the Layout Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Getting Started with the Archicad Interactive Training Guide
GETTING STARTED WITH THE ARCHICAD
INTERACTIVE TRAINING GUIDE
This interactive training guide was written to ease and speed up your
learning process, saving you time.
Please read the three steps of this short introduction to familiarize
yourself with the interactive training environment in ArchiCAD.
Every chapter of the interactive training guide contains the following
elements:
• a PDF Guide with detailed explanations and
screenshots;
STEP 1: DOWNLOAD AND INSTALL
ARCHICAD
To best enjoy the unique benefits and simplicity of learning in an
interactive environment, we recommended that you install ArchiCAD
11 on your computer.
1 Please install ArchiCAD 11 or later version on your computer.
• narrated movie clips providing step-by-step
instructions,
• an ArchiCAD training project file to complete the
exercises.
The PDF guide can be printed and all the narrated movie clips can be
launched from the PDF. However, we recommend that you play the
movie clips within ArchiCAD, while completing the steps using the
training project files.
All you need to do is to start the installer and follow the instructions.
The ArchiCAD 11 Student version is free to download for students
and for professors from the Graphisoft website
(www.graphisoft.com). Please feel free to contact Graphisoft or any
of the worldwide partners for further information.
Please note that there are separate installer
packages for Macintosh and for Windows
operating systems. Please make sure to use
the appropriate installer.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
5
Getting Started with the Archicad Interactive Training Guide
STEP 2: CREATE THE INTERACTIVE
TRAINING ENVIRONMENT
Introduction.mp4
Watch Movie
Please follow these simple steps to start using this interactive training
guide:
1 Start ArchiCAD
The simplest way to start ArchiCAD is by double-clicking
its desktop shortcut. The ArchiCAD splash screen will
appear shortly after you start the program.
The standard installation process installs the chapters of this training
guide to the Graphisoft folder on your computer, next to the
ArchiCAD 11 installation folder. The Graphisoft folder is located in
the “Applications” folder on Macintosh, or in the “Program Files”
folder on Windows operating systems.
3 Browse the chapters of this training guide and open any of
the ArchiCAD Project archive (.PLA) files.
4 Select the “Read elements directly from archive” option for
Active Library Usage in the “Open Archive Project” dialog.
2 Activate the “Open Project” option in the “Start ArchiCAD”
dialog and select the “Browse” option to locate the project
file on your local computer. Do not forget to use “Standard
Profile” for the active Work Environment.
6
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Getting Started with the Archicad Interactive Training Guide
ArchiCAD will open the selected archive project and read all the
library elements directly from the archive file. The ArchiCAD training
project files are all saved as archive files. This is important because the
library elements have different names in localized versions of
ArchiCAD (“localized” meaning translated to foreign languages and
customized to meet different local standards).
Please note that for certain exercises the training environment
described above will not be available, since some of the steps of the
exercises will be completed using other applications, such as an
Internet browser or a PDF viewer. In such cases please play the
corresponding training movie clip using Apple’s free QuickTime
Player application. All the training movie clips are available from the
chapter-folders of this guide.
STEP 3: HOW TO USE MOVIE PLAYER
IN ARCHICAD
Let’s briefly look over the main features and functions of the
ArchiCAD Movie Player.
1 Open the Movie Player by
activating “Help > ArchiCAD
Movie Player”.
2 The Movie Player will open
and the first training clip will be automatically loaded. Feel
free to reposition or re-size the movie player on your screen.
5 Activate the “File > Save As…” command, and save an
ArchiCAD Solo Project of the currently open design file to
the folder in which the previously opened archive file was
located. The Solo Project format and the correct library are
selected automatically, so practically all you have to do is to
click the “Save” button to proceed.
This is an important step, since certain exercises will require a Solo
Project file to be saved on your local computer. The Movie Player
plug-in also requires this step for it to be able to open the necessary
training clips automatically.
Now that the “training environment” has been set up, and you are
ready to proceed with any of the exercises!
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
7
Getting Started with the Archicad Interactive Training Guide
3 Click the Play button on the player to start the first clip. You
can pause the movie at any time, or use the slider to repeat or
skip any parts of the clip.
The title bar of the movie player always indicates the number of the
current step and the total number of steps available in the current
chapter.
4 Once the movie is over and you have completed the current
step of the exercise, click the “Next” button to proceed to the
next step of the exercise and open the corresponding training
clip. You can also click the “Previous” button if you wish to
open the previous clip.
We hope that you will find this guide useful and will agree with what
experienced architects worldwide say: ArchiCAD is easy to learn and
fun to use.
You are always free to contact Graphisoft and its worldwide partners
if you have further questions: www.graphisoft.com.
8
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part I: Conceptual Design
PART I: CONCEPTUAL DESIGN
Let’s start this training project by developing a design concept and working on a building envelope with some very simple operations. We will
also underscore some important core ArchiCAD design concepts:
• All ArchiCAD building elements are “real” 3D objects: you might create a wall or slab in the floor plan view, but their 3D views are also at
hand immediately and at any time. This enables users to view the project in its own 3D environment (instant, real-time 3D feedback) and to
make better, more informed design decisions.
• ArchiCAD enables the creation of a fully integrated design project information database. Design development can be done in any view –
plan, 3D views, etc. All views will be automatically and immediately updated. No tedious, iterative processes are required of the designer. This
is the true power of the “Virtual Building™” design concept.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
9
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 1: Working with Slabs, Walls and Columns
CHAPTER 1: WORKING WITH SLABS, WALLS AND
COLUMNS
In this chapter we will learn how to create a floor slab and cut a hole
in it. We will also learn how to create wall segments using ArchiCAD’s
Magic Wand to trace the perimeters of existing design elements.
We will learn how simple it is to add and then stretch a curved wall.
We’ll also work on how to insert and multiply columns.
STEP ONE: WORKING WITH SLABS
AC11-ITG-Chapter-01_01.mp4
Watch Movie
3 Click the “Favorites” button
at the top of the Dialog
Box, and then select the “Slab-01” item in the Favorites List of the
Favorites Palette and select “Apply”. This will load the element
settings for the slab that will be used as a “default”. You will see
the changes in some of the settings in the “Slab Default
Settings” Dialog Box.
The “Slab Default Settings” Dialog Box enables you to change and
adjust all the various settings for the selected tool, including
Geometry and Positioning, Floor Plan, Section, Model and Materials,
as well as Listing and Labeling attributes. You can also select the layer
on which you wish to place the element.
Let’s start our project by creating a new, rectangular floor slab in the
active Floor Plan view – this will serve as a “plato” slab. We will build
our building on top of it.
Open the “AC11-ITG-Chapter-01.pla” ArchiCAD project file
located in the “Chapter 01” folder to start this stage of this
interactive, hands-on ArchiCAD training guide.
1.1 Create a Floor Slab
1 Open up the “ArchiCAD
Guide” folder in the View Map
of the Navigator and activate (by
double-clicking) the “1.1 create
floor slab” pre-set view in the
“Part I. > Chapter 1 > Step 1”
folder.
2 Activate the Slab Tool
in the Toolbox and the Slab
Tool's “Settings Dialog” button
button in the Info Box to
display the “Slab Default Settings” Dialog Box.
10
The “Favorites” button, in the top left corner of the Dialog Box, lets
you save the current element settings with a new Favorites name.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 1: Working with Slabs, Walls and Columns
Hint: Favorites are the easiest and fastest way to use pre-defined element settings
in your projects. You can export and import Favorites lists and share these
pre-defined element sets with your colleagues. Further, you can use these on other
machines or in other projects. All you need to do is select the “Favorites” button at
the top of any ArchiCAD Tool Settings Dialog Box and save the current tool
setting with a unique name.
4 Click OK to leave the Slab Default Settings Dialog Box, and select
the Rectangular
geometry method from the Info Box.
Make sure that the “Tracker”
is switched on by selecting it, if
necessary.
5 Move the cursor over the origin (i.e., the fixed point from which
ArchiCAD counts the moved cursor’s new X and Y coordinates)
and wait until the cursor’s shape changes to a Checkmark
,
indicating that it has located the project’s origin. Click now to
define the first corner point of the new slab.
6 Press the “X” button to extend the
Tracker, then enter “10” for the Width
value; press the “Y” button and enter
“6” for the Height value, then hit Enter.
The result is that the new diagonal slab
vertex will be defined. The new slab will
now be 10m x 6m in the plan.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
In ArchiCAD, you always work with intelligent, architecture-specific
components – such as slabs, walls, roofs and columns. Though you
may have created them on a plan view, their 3D view is also readily
accessible at any time.
7 Open the 3D Window by double-clicking the “01 Perspective”
pre-set view in the “ArchiCAD Guide/Camera views” folder
found in the Navigator – View-Set, and click the “Fit in
Window” button
to display the design in perspective view.
Hint: To switch between the Floor Plan and the 3D Window, click
the Floor Plan and 3D Window buttons in the Mini Navigator
Toolbar at the top of the screen at any time.
Hint: For 3D Navigation, use
the navigation buttons on this
Toolbar to change between
axonometric and perspective
projections. Switch freely
between shaded and wire-frame model representations. Switch on the “Orbit
Mode” button
to start the navigation mode and smoothly explore your design
in the 3D window using your mouse. Switching the “Orbit Mode” button off will
take you back to editing mode. The “Explore” button, available in the Perspective
11
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 1: Working with Slabs, Walls and Columns
projection mode only, enables you to navigate and explore your design in a quick
and easy manner using keyboard shortcuts and various navigational functions as
specified in the “3D Explore information” Palette.
1.2 Create a Pavement Slab
Let’s create external paving around the building and then cut a hole in
the external slab for the footprint of the house.
1 Go back to the floorplan by activating the “1.2 create pavement”
pre-set view in the Navigator –View Map.
2 Turn on the Grid Snap and the Grid Display under the View menu
or use the corresponding options on the Grid Snap drop-down
menu on the Standard Toolbar.
Construction Grid: You can also use
ArchiCAD’s Construction Grid to aid the
design process. Simply activate the View >
Grid Options > Grids & Background
command to define the geometry and
spacing of the main and auxiliary grid lines
and to configure the Skewed Grid and Snap
Grid options. Use the “Grid” button on the
Standard Toolbar to display or hide the Grid.
Use the pop-up menu to choose between Snap and Construction
Grids, and also to switch between the Orthogonal and Skewed Grid
systems. You can also set the Skewed Grid properties here.
Alternatively, you can switch on the Grid Snap feature at any time by
activating the third “Grid Snap” button on the Coordinates Palette.
This will snap the cursor to the pre-defined grid intersection points.
Hint: To change the view in a project, choose the appropriate buttons from the
bottom of the current project window. If you have a mouse with a scroll wheel, you
can use the scroll function to zoom in and out in real-time. By depressing and
dragging the scroll wheel, you can pan around in real-time.
12
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 1: Working with Slabs, Walls and Columns
3 Activate the Slab Tool from the Toolbox, and then activate the
“Slab-02” entry from the Favorites to load the necessary slab
thickness, level height, hatching type and materials for the
pavement slab.
4 Select the Rectangular slab geometry method from the Info Box.
5 Click the construction grid intersection Point 1 to start creating
the rectangular paving slab, and then click Point 2 to complete the
new slab.
1.3 Cut a Hole in the Slab
1 Activate the “1.3 cut a hole in 3D” view in the Navigator – View
Map.
2 Select the new slab by moving the cursor over any perimeter line
of the slab: the Mercedes cursor will indicate it. Hold down the
SHIFT key to pre-select it (its perimeter will be highlighted). Now
click to select the slab. The changed fill pattern indicates that the
slab has been selected.
Hint: Element selection: There are various methods to select one or more elements
of the project. For the simplest method, activate the “Arrow” tool
and the Quick Selection Method
. Simply move the cursor over the element
you wish to select and the current element will be highlighted – which means that
the element is “pre-selected”. An “Element Information” pop-up will appear and
provide some basic information about the pre-selected element.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Use the “Tab” button to switch between overlapping pre-selected elements. Click
once to select the required element. Its fill will change, indicating that it has been
selected. Hold down the SHIFT key to add or remove elements from the selection
group. Alternatively, you can use one of the selection geometry methods
and draw a polygonal shape with the cursor to select elements
within the shape. You can choose to select only those elements that are fully or
partly inside the selection polygon
.
3 To cut a rectangular hole in the
selected slab, click on any
perimeter line of the selected
new slab and from the Pet
Palette choose the “Subtract
from Polygon” option. Hold
down the SPACE while
clicking inside or on the
contour of the floor slab you
have previously placed.
ArchiCAD will cut it as a hole in the paving slab.
13
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 1: Working with Slabs, Walls and Columns
STEP TWO: WORKING WITH WALLS
AC11-ITG-Chapter-01_02.mp4
Watch Movie
Now let’s place some walls around the perimeter of the slab in the 3D
window using the Magic Wand. We will also add and adjust a curved
wall along the northern façade.
4 Open the “Model” tab in the Wall Settings Dialog and click the
“Link Materials” button to provide uniform material for all wall
surfaces. Select the “Brick Aged” material from the Material list,
and click “OK” to apply changes and leave the dialog.
5 Alternatively, you can double-click on the “Wall-Ex-02” item in
the Favorites to load the already configured (as above) settings for
the curved masonry wall.
2.1 Create Walls in 3D
1 Activate the “2.1 create walls in 3D” pre-set view in the
Navigator – View Map.
2 Make sure that the “Orbit Mode” button
is switched off.
Activate the Wall Tool
in the Toolbox and double-click
the “Wall-Ex-01” entry in the Favorites to load the appropriate
wall settings.
3 Hold down the SPACE key and click on the perimeter of the floor
slab in the 3D window. The Magic Wand traces the perimeter of
the building components and creates four new wall elements
around the slab perimeter using the traced slab element’s geometry
information. The shape of the Intelligent Magic Wand
cursor
will change when you place it over the perimeter of the slab.
2.2 Create a Curved Wall
Construct a new curved masonry wall to the north of the building for
the entrance enclosure.
Note: The Floor Plan view has been automatically updated with
the plan view of the four walls that were just created in the 3D
window.
1 Activate the “2.2 add curved wall” pre-set view in the Navigator
– View Map to switch to the Floor Plan view.
2 Double-click the “Wall Settings” button
in the Toolbox.
3 Change the wall thickness from 30cm to 36cm in the Geometry
and Positioning settings by clicking in the field and making the
necessary changes. Activate the third wall reference line position
(this is the so-called “Right” wall construction method).
14
Hint: Wall reference line: When drawing the line of a wall, a heavy black line
follows the cursor like a rubber band after the first click. This line is the reference
line for the wall. The width of the wall is measured from this reference line. The
reference line is used to connect walls smoothly and helps locate the walls with the
cursor.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 1: Working with Slabs, Walls and Columns
6 Select the second type of Curved Wall
geometry
methods to draw the wall. This lets you define a curved wall using
three individually nominated points.
7 Switch on the Grid Display. Also switch
on the Grid Snap or select
“Construction Grid” from the Grid
drop-down menu on the Standard
Toolbar and click on the three grid
points (Points 1, 2, then 3) – as indicated
on the screenshot – to create the new
curved masonry wall.
3 Activate the Arrow tool
in the Toolbox. Select the wall
with the Arrow tool while also turning on “Quick Selection” by
turning on the Magnet button
in the Info Box, or by holding
down the Space bar.
4 Move the magnetic cursor over the curved wall plan symbol to
pre-select this wall. As a result, the wall will be highlighted. Some
basic information about this pre-selected element will be displayed
in the “Element Information” pop-up.
5 Now click once to select the curved wall. As a result, the fill color
of the wall will change, indicating that it has been selected. Zoom
in on the left wall-end with the mouse scroll wheel, or use the
“Scroll Zoom” button to zoom in.
6 Click on Point 1 – i.e., the hotspot at the end of the reference line
of the wall. The cursor will change from an Arrow to a Checkmark
when snapping to a hotspot.
7 Select the “Angular Stretch” button from the Pet Palette that
appears.
2.3 Modifying the Length of the Curved Wall
It is very simple to modify – in this case stretch – the length of the
new curved wall by moving the endpoints at both ends.
1 Activate the “2.3 stretch curved wall” entry in the Navigator –
View Map.
2 First switch off the Grid Snap by pressing
the “Grid Snap” button on the Standard
Toolbar , or via the “View > Grid Snap”
option. Ensure that the Tracker is switched on
.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
15
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 1: Working with Slabs, Walls and Columns
8 Start to stretch the wall. Type “A” to define the exact numeric
Angle value and key in “30”. Then hit Enter to complete the
stretch.
Hint: The pet palette is always available with the appropriate content, providing
easy and quick access to the most probable editing operations. Use the Options >
Work Environment > Dialog Boxes & Palettes option to define the movement of
the Pet Palette – to jump to a preferred position, or to follow the movement of the
cursor.
9 Repeat the same procedure at the other end of the wall. This time
enter “-31.10” degrees at Point 2 as your Angle.
10 The Floor Plan with the newly stretched curved masonry wall will
look like this:
16
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 1: Working with Slabs, Walls and Columns
STEP THREE: WORKING WITH
COLUMNS
AC11-ITG-Chapter-01_03.mp4
Watch Movie
3 Select the placed column – as described earlier – to multiply it.
4 When the column is selected, activate the “Multiply” command
from the Context menu. Right-click the selected column and
choose the Move > Multiply command. Alternatively, you can
use the Edit > Move > Multiply menu command.
Now we’ll place four columns to create a veranda (porch) on the
south side of the building. The first and the last column will align with
the two side walls (we will place them using the grid intersection). The
columns will be equally positioned, running parallel to the front wall.
3.1 Place a Column
1 Activate the “3.1 add column” view on the Navigator – View
Map.
2 Switch on the Grid Snap , activate the
Column tool
, and then
activate the “Column-01” item in the
Favorites and place the first column on the grid intersection
(Point 1), as shown.
5 Choose “Drag” as the multiply action and enter “3” for the
number of copies. Now select the “Distribute” multiply method
– as indicated in the screenshot:
3.2 Multiplying Columns
1 Activate the “3.2 multiplying columns” view on the Navigator –
View Map.
2 Turn off the Grid Snap feature and activate the
“Guide Lines” button on the Standard Toolbar by
clicking it.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
17
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 1: Working with Slabs, Walls and Columns
6 Click the top right selection hotspot of the column – wait until the
cursor changes to a Checkmark (indicating that it has found a
vertex), then click the top right vertex. Now start dragging the
rubber line horizontally. The “+” indicates that at least one copy
of the selected element will be added to the project.
7 Move the cursor to the bottom right corner of the existing external
wall (Point 2) so that the cursor changes to a Checkmark, and
keep it there until two perpendicular (vertical and horizontal)
Guidelines appear.
8 Move the cursor down – along the vertical Guide Line – until it
indicates that it has located a perpendicular position (relative to the
original column’s corner point).
9 Click now to complete the Multiply command, and place three
additional, equally distributed columns along the wall.
10 Click on an unused portion of the screen, i.e., not on another
element, to deselect the columns.
Note: Alternatively, you can hold down the SHIFT key while
dragging the columns horizontally toward the right end of the
building. This will constrain the horizontal direction and the
columns will be placed parallel to the lower side of the building.
You can also use Point 2 as a reference point when defining
column multiplication.
18
11 Open the 3D Window to display the design in perspective view by
double-clicking the “02 Perspective” pre-set view in the
ArchiCAD Guide > Camera Views folder on the Navigator –
View-Set. Resize the 3D window if necessary and click the “Fit in
Window” button
.
Hint: ArchiCAD’s Intelligent Cursor helps you to identify special points (end,
corner points, edges, etc.) and points of elements with geometric relationships
(perpendicular, tangential, crossings) within the building. It highlights whether
special Tools (the Magic Wand, Eyedropper, etc.) would be useful at any
particular moment.
Guide Lines: These are always at hand – as you will have noticed by
now – to find special points and projections when creating or editing
elements. Check the Options > Work Environment > Guide Lines
page for further details and options. The following screenshot
presents some of the Guide Line settings and the options available.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 1: Working with Slabs, Walls and Columns
Group Switch: This is useful when you wish
to carry out some editing only on certain
elements in a previously created element
group. First, switch to “Suspend Group”.
Do the desired editing on the temporarily ungrouped elements, then
switch back to “Enable Groups”.
Magic Wand: This is useful when creating new polygonal elements
with the geometry of existing elements. For instance, when creating a
new wall around the perimeter of an existing slab (as explained earlier,
in Exercise 1.2).
Special Snap Points: These help you to create – and snap to –
temporary Snap Points created on the fly. They are very useful, for
instance, if you wish to insert a window at three-fifths of the distance
of a wall segment.
Relative Construction Methods: These help to constrain the cursor
to a certain angle or distance when creating or editing elements. For
instance, you can use the “Angle Bisector” button to create a
bisector Guide Line of two wall segments.
Cursor Snap Variants: You can constrain the cursor to a specific
direction chosen from the pop-up menu while holding down the
SHIFT key. This is useful, for instance, when you wish to create an
element associated with the geometry of another element: e.g., for
creating a new wall to be aligned with the staircase of another
building.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
19
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 2: Working with Stories and Roofs
CHAPTER 2: WORKING WITH STORIES AND ROOFS
This Chapter will present how to work with and benefit from using
ArchiCAD’s story concept. This will allow us to structure the design
similar to how it will be built. ArchiCAD’s “Virtual TraceTM” will be
used to display and trace elements from different views and provide
significant help in coordinating our design work.
Finally we will view clips about how to create a pitched roof and a
conceptual section within seconds! We will also learn how to create
any number of Sections and Elevations instantly. This is one of the
great benefits of the central building database.
STEP ONE: EDITING STORIES
AC11-ITG-Chapter-02_01.mp4
Watch Movie
Let’s see how easy it is to work with Stories in ArchiCAD. We will
change the height of the Stories and continue our design work there
by adding and editing slabs on the upper floor.
1.1 Editing Stories
1 Activate the “1.1 edit stories” view on the Navigator – View Map
to go back to the Floor Plan view.
2 To edit Stories, open the “Design/Story Settings” window and
set the story heights to 3,00 m.
20
3 Select the OK button when you are done. Notice that the last
highlighted story will be shown in the Floor Plan when you choose
the OK button.
Note: You can easily cut and copy existing elements between
stories via the “Edit Elements of Selected Story” Dialog Box.
All you need to do is to select the necessary story, uncheck the “All
Types” check box at the top and check all the necessary element
types and select the Copy, Cut or Delete button. Now select the
target story – in the case of a cut or copy operation – then select
“Paste Selected Elements” to paste them to the target story. The
event list will provide feedback about the current operations.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 2: Working with Stories and Roofs
1.2 Editing Wall Height
1 Activate the “1.2 edit wall height” view on the Navigator – View
Map to go back to the Ground Floor plan to edit walls.
2 Choose the Wall Tool in the
Toolbox and activate the Edit >
Select All Walls command to
select all the walls on the Ground
Floor. As a result all the walls will
be highlighted.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
3 Change the height of the walls in the Info
Box to 6,00m . and select “Automatic” in
the “Home Story” drop-down list.
Note: The automatic setting is useful if the wall is higher than the
story level. ArchiCAD automatically shows exceeding walls on the
next levels.
4 Open the 3D window to check on design development by
activating “03 Perspective view” in the Camera Views folder of
the Navigator > ArchiCAD Guide View Map.
The following screenshots present the design using Open GL and
using the internal 3D engine mode.
21
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 2: Working with Stories and Roofs
Note: 3D Window Settings: Open the View > 3D View Mode >
3D Window Settings Dialog Box to switch between the OpenGL
and Internal 3D Engines. If you choose the Internal Engine, you
can select Wireframe, Hidden line, or Shaded modes, switch on
Vectorial 3D Hatches, Transparency in Shading and Sun Shadows.
If your computer supports OpenGL, you can use the OpenGL
engine for faster 3D navigation and representation. In this case,
you can choose between wireframe and shading mode and display
transparency in shading. You can also select various 3D display
methods (e.g., Contours) and Effects (e.g., Vectorial 3D Hatching
or Transparency in Shading), adjust display and background
properties, and so on.
22
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 2: Working with Stories and Roofs
1.3 Add a Gallery Slab
1 Let’s go to the first Story by activating the “1.3 add gallery slab”
preset view in the ArchiCAD Guide or simply double-click on “1.
Gallery” in the Navigator.
.
2 Activate the Slab Tool
, and then
the “Slab-03” item in the Favorites to
load the appropriate slab settings (20cm
thickness, WD Siding Medium and
Paint-01 materials) for the new internal
gallery slab. Make sure that the “Home Story” is set to 1. Gallery.
3 Select the Rectangular geometry method in the
Info Box.
4 Open the “Special Snap
Points” drop-down list on the
Standard Toolbar.. Make sure
that “Half ” and “Along Entire
Element” are selected.
Note: Special Snap Points help
you to find special points on
construction elements. These
Snap Points can be pre-defined
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
divisions/distances of lines/arcs, center points of arcs, and parallel
and perpendicular locations from elements. The slab will only span
to half the depth of the building, leaving a void. This makes it
possible for you to look down from the gallery to the exhibition
space of the floor below.
5 Switch off Grid Snap and Grid Display in the View
Menu, or click the “Grid Snap” button, should these
be switched on.
6 Click on the inside point of the top left wall corner to start
drawing the slab. Make sure you see a Checkmark when clicking to
make sure you are snapping on the point itself (Point 1).
7 Move the cursor to the inside line of the east-side wall to bring up
a snap point in the middle of the wall (Point 2). Above the
perimeter line of the wall, the cursor will change from an empty
pencil sign to a pencil with a line inside, indicating that it is
snapping onto a line. As soon as you get close to the mid-point of
the wall distance, the cursor will become black, indicating that it is
snapping to a point.
1.4 Add a Terrace Slab
Now let’s add a terrace slab to the project on the upper level.
1 Switch to the “1.4 add terrace slab”
preset view in the ArchiCAD Guide.
Switch on Grid Display and Grid
Snap in the View Menu.
2 Activate the “Slab-04” Favorite to create the
external terrace slab. Set the “Home Story” to
“1.Gallery” and close the “Slab Default
Settings” dialog. Activate the polygonal
geometry method in the Info Box.
3 Start to draw the terrace slab by clicking the Point 1 grid
intersection point.
23
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 2: Working with Stories and Roofs
4 Choose the “Arc by 3 points” option on the Pet Palette to create
the curved slab segment.
Note: These pre-set points all rest on Grid Intersection points to
help your work. You can also complete the creation of the new
terrace slab by using a combination of the Grid Snap and the
Guide Lines when creating the silhouette of the terrace slab.
7 When selecting the new terrace slab on the Gallery plan your
screen will look like the screenshot below.
5 Click Points 2 and 3 to define the second and third points of the
arc. Finally, click Point 4 (which is graphically same as Point 3) to
determine the length of the arc segment.
STEP TWO: WORKING WITH ROOFS
AC11-ITG-Chapter-02_02.mp4
Watch Movie
6 Switch to the “Straight Segment” option on the Pet Palette to
continue the creation of the slab silhouette, and click Points 5, 6,
and finally 7, to complete the slab contour (Point 7 is graphically
the same as Point 1).
Now let’s add a semi-pitched roof to the building with wide
overhangs supported by the columns, to create a south-facing
veranda at the front. We’ll trim all the protruding walls and columns
to the lower surface of the pitched roof.
2.1 Using Virtual Tracing Paper
1 Switch to the Gallery Plan view by activating the “2.1-2 create
roof ” pre-set view.
2 Activate the “Trace” button on the Standard Toolbar and set
“Below Current Story” as a reference.
24
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 2: Working with Stories and Roofs
2.2 Adding a Roof
1 Activate the Roof Tool
and double-click the
“roof-01” item in the Favorites to load the necessary roof settings:
the degree angle will be 18.0, the thickness will be 20 cm, and the
pivot line will be at 4 m above the project Zero level (1 m above
the current level).
2 Select the Rectangular Roof Geometry
Method in the Info Box and switch on the
Grid Snap and Grid Display.
Note: To change Settings for the
Reference story choose “Trace and
Reference” from the “Trace”
drop-down menu. In this window you
can alter the position or the color of
both the Reference and the Active
views. You may also change to a
different Reference.
The content of the floor below is
visible in any desired color (even in it's original color) under the
plan of the gallery. The elements of the Reference Story cannot be
edited, but they can be used as an aid when constructing new
elements. Tracing Paper enables you to have live views of both
(reference and active) drawings.
All you have to do is enable
Switch the Reference with
Active in the “Trace &
Reference” palette. The
reference drawing can be edited
(drag, rotate, reset or rebuild) as a
whole.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
3 Start to construct a pitched roof by defining its pivot line by
clicking Points 1 and 2 (which places the intersection line of the
roof plane and the horizontal plane at the defined height).
4 Define the direction of the slope – the value of the slope was
already defined in the settings Dialog Box – by clicking above the
previously defined pivot line with the Eye-shaped cursor,
somewhere close to Point 3.
25
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 2: Working with Stories and Roofs
5 Draw the perimeter of the roof (which is its projection to the
horizontal plane) by clicking Point 4 and then clicking the Point 5
grid intersection point to complete the creation of the roof.
6 Open the 3D window by clicking its icon in the Mini Navigator
palette to display the model built so far in 3D.
2.3 Trimming Walls and Columns to the Roof
Now let’s trim the walls and columns to the lower surface of the roof.
1 Activate the “2.3 trimming elements in 3D” pre-set view to
open the 3D window to explore the design in 3D.
2 Select all the walls and columns that have to be trimmed. Activate
the Arrow Tool
, then switch on “Quick Selection”
. Shift-click on the required walls and columns to select them
(the currently selectable element are highlighted in the 3D view).
Make sure that “Suspend Groups” is switched on in the Standard
Toolbar. This will make it possible to select elements individually
even if they belong to an element group.
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Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 2: Working with Stories and Roofs
4 Select “Trim Top” in the Trim to Roof Dialog Box and click OK
to proceed.
3 Activate the Design > Trim to Roof command to precisely
configure the element trimming.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
5 The selected columns and walls will now be trimmed to the lower
surface of the roof.
6 Click elsewhere on the screen, but not on another element, to
deselect the trimmed elements.
27
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 2: Working with Stories and Roofs
STEP THREE: CREATING SECTIONS
AND ELEVATIONS
AC11-ITG-Chapter-02_03.mp4
Watch Movie
5 Click on the grid intersection point at Point 1 to start drawing the
section line.
6 Click on Point 2 to complete the section line.
7 Click on the right side of the section line with the Eye-shaped
cursor to define its orientation.
Let’s return to the floor plan, adjust the Section settings and then
create one Cross Section to see what the building envelope looks like
in section.
3.1 Creating a Cross-Section
1 Switch to the “3.1 create section” pre-set view to continue the
work on the lower Floor Plan view.
2 Select “Section” from the Toolbox.
3 In the Info-box enter “S-01” for the Reference
ID and “Section” in the Name field.
Note: Use the scroll wheel in the Info Box to find all settings.
Note: To cut a cross-section through the building, simply create a
Section line on the Floor Plan. ArchiCAD will automatically
generate the Section view of the building. Any modifications to the
model in the Section Window will be updated automatically in all
other views of the building.
4 Start to create a new section line by
switching on the Grid Display and Grid
Snap.
28
8 Open the new section view with a right click on the new section
line and by activating the “Open Section in new window”
option from the context menu.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 2: Working with Stories and Roofs
3.2 Create More Sections
1 Activate the “3.2 add more sections/elevations” pre-set view in
the Navigator – View Map.
2 Activate the Section Tool and enter “S-02”
for the Section ID into the Info Box.
Note: Alternatively, you can also open the new section view by
activating the “S-01 Section” item under the “Sections”
container of the Navigator – Project Map, or by opening the
appropriate item from the View > Navigate > Sections menu.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
3 Ensure that Grid Display and Grid
Snap are both switched on in the View
menu.
4 Create a horizontal S-02 Section line by
clicking Points 1 and 2. Then click
above the section line with the
Eye-cursor to define its orientation –
looking 'upwards'.
5 Activate the Elevation Tool and enter
“E-01” for the Elevation ID of the first Elevation in the Info Box.
29
Part I: Conceptual Design Chapter 2: Working with Stories and Roofs
6 Create the first – i.e., Western – elevation line by clicking Points 3
and 4on the plan, and click inside the building with the Eye-shaped
cursor.
30
7 Add three more elevations (E-02, 03 and 04) around the building,
looking in the direction of the building. Make sure that the
appropriate elevation IDs are defined for the new elevations: �E-2’
for the north elevation (Points 5 and 6), �E-3’ for the east
elevation (Points 7 and 8), and finally, �E-4’ for the south elevation
(Points 9and 10).
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part II: Design Evaluation
PART II: DESIGN EVALUATION
ArchiCAD enables designers to make changes at any time, all while maintaining the integrity of the central design data, without risking costly
errors or compromising productivity. For example, should you decide it is necessary to cut a new hole in a slab for stairs, you can execute the
necessary modifications on the plan, while all the Sections and Elevations will be automatically updated. You can even define custom 3D cutting
planes for your design project to be able to investigate the design in a 3D environment.
ArchiCAD provides various possibilities in methods and techniques to fully understand and evaluate design alternatives, and to have more input
in making more informed design decisions. The end result is the creation of better buildings. Thanks to the central Virtual Building database, all
various architectural design views – Plans, Sections and Elevations – are fully integrated. Make any change at one place and one time, and all the
related design views and elements will be updated instantly and automatically! This is the real power of the Virtual Building!
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
31
Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 3: Working with Sections and Elevations
CHAPTER 3: WORKING WITH SECTIONS AND
ELEVATIONS
We will learn how to continue design development work using
Sections and Elevations – and see how all design changes are visible
immediately on all related views.
We will modify the curved wall in the elevation view.
STEP ONE: WORKING WITH SECTIONS
AND ELEVATIONS
AC11-ITG-Chapter-03_01.mp4
Watch Movie
All the Sections and Elevations can be automatically enriched with
vectorial sun shadows and textures.
1.1 Adding Vectorial Hatches and Shadings to
Sections and Elevations
Open the “AC11-ITG-Chapter-03.pla” ArchiCAD project file to
begin this stage of this interactive, hands-on ArchiCAD training
guide.
Let’s try some “Vectorial Hatching” and “Vectorial Sun Shadows” for
some of the Sections and Elevations.
1 Activate the “1.1 add shadows” pre-set view in the “Part
II./Chapter 3/Step 1” folder in the “Navigator – View Map”.
2 Select the previously created “E-01” Elevation Line on the Floor
Plan and open the corresponding Elevation project view by
activating the “Open Elevation” command from the context
menu.
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Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 3: Working with Sections and Elevations
3 Switch to the “Elevations” folder of the Navigator – Project Map.
Select the “E-01” Elevation from the list and activate the
“Elevation Settings…” option from the context menu to open the
“Elevation Settings” Dialog Box.
Then switch to the “Model Display” panel and check the
“Vectorial 3D Hatching” option in order to switch on Vectorial
Hatching for this Elevation.
4 Check the “Vectorial Sun Shadows” option as well, and set the
“Viewpoint Sun Settings” to “Custom”. Set the Sun Altitude and
the Azimuth to 45 degrees. Make sure to select “50%” for Shadow
Fill Type and “2” for Shadow Fill Pen.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Note: You can freely configure and experiment with different 3D
Vectorial Fills, Sun Shadow Properties and a number of other
features – including “Uniform Pen for uncut Contours” and
“Uncut surfaces pens” – using the “Model Display” tab of the
“Elevation Settings” Dialog Box.
5 Open the “E-01” – West Elevation – view by double-clicking the
“1.1 add shadows (result)” pre-set view in the Navigator’s
View Map to see the results.
33
Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 3: Working with Sections and Elevations
Note: Alternatively, you can also open any of the Elevation Views
by selecting their Floor Plan symbol and activating the “Open
Elevation” command from the context menu, or by
double-clicking on their name in the “Elevations” container of
the Navigator – Project Map.
1.2 Modifying the Curved Wall in the
Elevation View
Let’s change the height of the curved wall on the terrace in the
Elevation view.
1 Activate the “1.2 modify wall in elevation view”
pre-set view in the View Map and ensure that the
Tracker is on .
2 Activate the Wall Tool in the Toolbox and
select the curved wall in the Elevation project
view. Hold down the Shift key, move the cursor
over the curved wall and click.
34
3 Position the cursor over one of the top hotspots of the selected
curved wall and click. A Pet Palette will appear offering various
editing options.
4 Click the “Stretch Height” button and start to stretch the wall
height vertically – move the mouse �downwards’ to reduce the
height.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 3: Working with Sections and Elevations
5 Type �y’ to open up the Tracker and enter �4.20’ for the top
elevation Y value and select Enter to complete editing the wall
height.Start to type '4.20' to open up the Tracker and hit Enter to
set the new top elevation value of the curved wall.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Note: Alternatively, you can also
modify the wall height via the Info
Box. Select the wall as before, and
then enter “4.20” as the wall top elevation value in the Info Box.
The height of the wall will be automatically updated.
35
Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 4: Adding and Adjusting Openings, Internal Circulation and Furniture
CHAPTER 4: ADDING AND ADJUSTING OPENINGS,
INTERNAL CIRCULATION AND FURNITURE
In this Chapter we will continue developing our project. We will add
and modify external walls, internal partitions and openings (doors and
windows) to the project. ArchiCAD updates all design changes and
modifications made and those will be reflected in all relevant Floor
Plan, Section or Elevation Views. To complete our building design
ArchiCAD provides stairs, railings and various interior and exterior
furniture objects.
Using Virtual Trace we can display a reference drawing in the active
Floorplan view in order to edit and compare the drawings and model
views of the building. The Trace Reference may optionally be another
Floorplan, a Section or an Elevation, or even an external drawing
placed in the project file. It acts as an underlay drawing so the two
different views can be displayed at the same time.
ArchiCAD gives you the priceless ability to think and work �live’ in 3D:
You can design and edit the model in the 3D view, navigate in real time
to check the design, and hold interactive design sessions with clients.
STEP ONE: ADDING EXTERNAL AND
INTERNAL WALLS
AC11-ITG-Chapter-04_01.mp4
Watch Movie
Let’s continue the design development by modifying the external
walls and by adding internal partitions to the project. Let’s draw the
same type of wall for the entrance as was used for the external walls
of the building.
With ArchiCAD you can easily pick up an element’s characteristics
and set them as defaults (to begin drawing a new element with the
same settings, for example), or transfer characteristics to other
elements in the project (to ensure they match the settings from
another element).
36
1.1 Adding External and Internal Walls to the
Project
1 Activate “1.1 add walls” in the “Part II./Chapter 4/Step 1”
folder in the “Navigator – View Map” item to switch to the
Ground Floor Plan and zoom in on the northern, horizontal
external wall of the project.
2 To pick up the settings of the existing external walls, activate the
Eyedropper
button in the Standard Toolbar. The cursor will
change to an Eyedropper (you can also use the shortcut ALT +
Click to activate this option).
3 Position the Eyedropper above the
external wall so that it will be
highlighted. The Tracker will provide
you with some brief details about the
wall.
Please note: In the case of multiple
elements placed above each other, you
can always switch between them with the Tab key. Ensure that you
found the external wall with the Eyedropper cursor.
4 Click on the highlighted straight wall to pick up its properties.
Now the settings for the external brick wall are loaded.
5 Change the height value to “2.70” in the
Info Box.
6 Draw the front (Points 1 and 2) and the back (Points 3 and 4)
walls of the entrance enclosure with the help of the Grid Snap,
using the appropriate wall construction
, and geometry
methods
.
You can toggle between the clear wall intersections and display the
reference lines of the walls using the View > On-Screen View
Options > Clean Wall & Beam Intersections command.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 4: Adding and Adjusting Openings, Internal Circulation and Furniture
7 Activate the “Wall-In-01” item in the Favorites, set “Right” for
Construction Method and place the internal partition wall (Points
5 and 6).
Note that you are now drawing a partition wall from Point 2
(1.00m to the right of Point 1).
4 Move the cursor upwards and use the Guide Lines to find the
vertical intersection point with the curved wall. The cursor shape
will indicate where the temporary, vertical Guide Line and the
curved wall intersect. Click here to complete the creation of the
new internal partition wall.
Hint: To update the current view, you can apply the “Redraw” command
(View > Refresh > Redraw). This results in only a simple updating of the visual
appearance of the active screen. The “Rebuild” command (View > Refresh >
Rebuild) starts a more thorough screen update – it will also refresh the wall
intersections and draw them correctly.
1.2 Add a Partition Wall to the Project
We will now create and set the partition for the future toilet with a
width of 1.00 m.
1 Activate the “1.2 add a partition” pre-set view from the
Navigator View Map.
2 Switch off the Grid Snap in the View Menu or in the Standard
Toolbar. Make sure that the Tracker is on and that your default
wall is “Wall-In-01” by double-clicking it in the Favorites. Make
sure that the appropriate straight wall geometry
and
“Right”construction methods
are selected.
3 Position the cursor over the lower-right
corner point of the internal partition wall
junction at Point 1, and type “x” using
the keyboard (note that the Tracker will
appear and the �x’ coordinate will be
highlighted). Type in “1 +” (i.e., the plus
sign) using the keyboard. Hit ENTER to start drawing the new
wall.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
STEP TWO: ADDING AND ADJUSTING
OPENINGS
AC11-ITG-Chapter-04_02.mp4
Watch Movie
ArchiCAD's intelligent building elements, such as doors, windows
and columns, understand and react to their environment. This
accelerates work, makes the management of the project easier and
allows you to design instead of just draft.
ArchiCAD’s door and window objects are all intelligent parametric
Library Parts; there are practically endless configuration and setting
options thanks to their parametric behavior.
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Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 4: Adding and Adjusting Openings, Internal Circulation and Furniture
In practice this means, for example, that you do not need to delete
and look for another window object if you want to change its size or
sill height, adjust its frame, sash, oversize, board or casing properties.
You can even specify shutter options using various shutter and
glazing types. You can choose from a variety of handles. All these are
available and valid for the very same window object.
Hint: Door Parameter Settings: Use the Parameters panel of the Door Settings
Dialog Box to define, adjust or fine-tune geometry properties, 2D and 3D
representations, Materials, Door Frames and Panel styles. Open the “2D
Representation” parameter set to edit the Opening Angle, Pen-color and Fill,
Wall Contour lines, and much more.
2.1 Add an Entrance Door to the Building
It’s now time to further develop the design by adding openings to the
building. Let’s first add an external door to the project.
1 Activate the “2.1 add entrance” pre-set view in the View Map,
and switch off Grid Display and Grid Snap from the Standard
Toolbar – in the event that they are switched on.
2 Activate the Door Tool in the Toolbox, open
the Door Settings dialog by clicking it’s button
in the Info Box
and double-click the
“Door-Ex-01” item in the Favorites to load the
settings of the Entrance door. Briefly review
these settings in the Settings Dialog.
All the various parameters and settings of this door can be further
adjusted and modified any time by opening the Door Settings Dialog
Box.
We’ll place the entrance door in the middle of the front wall of the
entrance enclosure.
3 Select the centerpoint geometry method,
in the Info Box,
and click OK.
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4 Make sure that the Special Snap Point settings are
appropriate and set to “Half / Along the Entire
Element”, before starting to insert the new door.
5 Hold the cursor over the external side of the front wall to bring up
a temporary special Snap Point at the center point of this wall
segment. Click on the Snap Point (Point 1) to define the center
point insertion point of the new entrance door.
6 Define the door opening position; click above
and to the right of the center-point of the door
(Point 2) with the appearing eye-shaped cursor.
Now the new entrance door will be inserted into
the external wall.
2.2 Add an Internal Door to the Building
2.3 Add more Doors to the Building
Let’s add some more doors to the project, as shown on the
screenshot below. Let’s start with the door of the bathroom area.
1 Activate the “2.3 add more doors” pre-set view from the
Navigator – View Map.
2 Select the Door Tool and the “Door-In-01” internal door from
the Favorites. Select the Side Geometry Method in the Info Box.
3 Insert this door as the entrance to the bathroom at Point 1, as
described in Step 2.2.
4 Activate the “Door-In-02” internal door from the Favorites and
insert it for the Toilet at Point 2.
1 Activate the “2.2 add internal door” pre-set view and activate the
“Door-In-01” internal door from the Favorites.
2 Select the Side Geometry Method in the Info
Box.
3 Click to place the door on the internal corner
point of the wall junction (Point 1).
4 Click to the right of the door in the wall to define the door
position (Point 2) with the double-eye cursor.
5 Finally, click below and to the left of the new door’s center with
the eye-shaped cursor to define its opening direction (Point 3).
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
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Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 4: Adding and Adjusting Openings, Internal Circulation and Furniture
2.4 Add Windows to the Building
Now we’ll insert new windows into the entrance enclosure.
1 Activate the “2.4 add windows” pre-set view from the Navigator
– View Map.
2 Activate the Window Tool from the Toolbox and select the
“Window-Ex-01” entry from the Favorites, and ensure that the
Centerpoint geometry method is selected.
3 Select and activate “Half ” and the “Between Intersection
Points” from the Special Snap Points drop-down menu of the
Standard Toolbar.
2.5 Add a Sliding Door Into the Project
4 Hold the cursor over the internal perimeter line of the curved wall
(Point 1) to generate an intermediate, temporary Snap Point in the
middle, and click this point (Point 2) to define the position of the
new window.
5 Move the Eye-Shaped cursor outside the curved wall and click
here once to define the orientation of the window (Point 3).
6 Add two new windows in the middle of the external wall segments
for the bathroom and the toilet (Points 4 and 5).
40
We’ll now insert two new sliding doors into the project.
1 Activate the “2.5 add sliding doors” pre-set view from the
Navigator – View Map and activate “Door-Ex-02” sliding door
from the Favorites.
2 Select the Side insertion geometry method to
place doors at both sides of the bottom
corners of the exhibition space.
3 First click the inside corner point of the bottom left wall junction
(Point 1) to define the insertion point.
4 Now click with the double-eye cursor above the wall corner
(at Point 2) – this will define into which wall the sliding door
should be placed (clicking above the insertion point will result in
that vertical wall being selected).
5 Now click with the eye-shaped cursor to the left (Point 3)
– outside the external wall – to define its opening direction.
6 To place the second sliding door, repeat the above steps. Start by
inserting the door at Point 4. Click above the insertion point to
select the vertical wall (Point 5) with the double-eye cursor.
However, this time click to the right with the eye-shaped cursor
(Point 6), which again is outside of the building, to define the
opening direction of the sliding door.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 4: Adding and Adjusting Openings, Internal Circulation and Furniture
6 Now click the top right corner selection point of the door (Point
4) to bring up the Pet Palette.
7 Select the “Multiply…” button on the Pet Palette to add an
additional two copies of this door to the project.
8 Enter “2” as the number of copies in the appearing Multiply
Dialog Box and select the “Distribute” Method. Click OK to
leave this Dialog.
2.6 Multiply Openings
Now let’s insert and multiply other sliding doors into the southern
external wall of the exhibition space.
1 Activate the “2.6 multiply sliding doors” pre-set view and select
the previously used “Door-Ex-02” sliding door from the
Favorites.
2 Start by defining the insertion point: click the inside corner of the
bottom left wall junction (Point 1).
3 Define the placement into the southern external wall by clicking
on the right side of the insertion point (Point 2) with the
double-eye cursor.
4 Finally, define the door’s opening direction by clicking outside the
wall (Point 3) with the eye-shaped cursor.
5 Now select the new sliding door. (Move the cursor above it while
holding down the SHIFT key, and click once: the pre-selection
highlight indicates the sliding door you wish to select. Use the Tab
key to switch between pre-selected elements if necessary. The
changed element color and hotspots will indicate whether the
selection has been successful).
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
9 Click on one of the selection dots on the right side of the door
(Point 5) to define the origin of the multiplication.
10 Move the cursor to the internal corner point of the bottom right
wall junction (Point 6) and wait for the Checkmark cursor shape.
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Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 4: Adding and Adjusting Openings, Internal Circulation and Furniture
11 Click here with the Checkmark cursor to complete the multiply
operation.
12 Deselect the two new doors by clicking elsewhere and then open
the “04 Perspective View” pre-set view in the “Camera Views”
folder of the Navigator to check the project in 3D.
2 Right-click on “0. Ground Floor” from the Project Map / Story
list and define it as a Reference by choosing the “Show as Trace
Reference” command from the context menu.
Now the Ground Floor Plan is shown as a “trace” or a “ghost”
under our active Elevation view.
2.7 Using “Virtual Trace”
Each different Floor Plan, Section and Elevation can be displayed as
a “Reference” in our active view. ArchiCAD 11 enables you to switch
Reference with Active views, drag, rotate, or temporarily displace the
Reference. Changes made in the active view are updated in the
Reference view.
Let’s choose the Floor Plan view as a Trace Reference in the
Elevation view and then switch the “Active” and the “Reference”
views.
1 Select “2.7 working with virtual trace” from the Navigator –
View Map.
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3 Open the drop-down list of
the Trace button on the
Standard Toolbar, and select
the “Switch Reference with
Active” command. This way
the Elevation view that to this
point was active becomes the
Reference, and the Ground
Floor Plan becomes Active.
Notice that ArchiCAD has
rotated the display of the
shown Views automatically so
they are arranged logically.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
4 Now let’s remove the
Reference from beneath our
active drawing by selecting the
“Drag Reference” command
from the Trace drop-down
list. Then click in the window
and move the mouse to the
left, keeping parallel with the
help of the Guide Lines, until
the active drawing no longer
covers the Reference.
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Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 4: Adding and Adjusting Openings, Internal Circulation and Furniture
Note: To keep the Trace
commands on the screen
select “Trace and
Reference” from the Trace
drop-down list or the Trace
and Reference Palette
(Window/Palettes/Trace
and Reference). The
“splitter” can be useful in
bigger projects. This
ArchiCAD command lets you
split the view and see the
Active view on one side and
the Reference on the other.
2.8 Adding a New Door with the Help of the
Virtual Trace
Now we’ll add some more openings to the project on the upper –
Gallery – level.
1 Activate the “2.8 working with virtual trace” pre-set view in the
View Map to go to the upper, Gallery level.
2 Switch on the Virtual Trace display from the Standard Toolbar or
from the View Menu, should it be switched off, and set “Below
Current Story” as a Reference.
3 Switch on the Eyedropper button (or use the ALT key). With the
help of this, any element’s parameters can be picked to be the
default.
4 Move the Eyedropper cursor over the entrance door that is
currently visible on the referenced Ground Floor Plan. As you find
any of the corner points – which will be pre-selected – some basic
details about the entrance door will appear.
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Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 4: Adding and Adjusting Openings, Internal Circulation and Furniture
2.9 Adding new Windows to the Gallery
Let’s insert a new rectangular and two a circular windows on the
Gallery level.
1 Activate the “2.9 add windows to the gallery” pre-set view in
the View Map. Activate the Window Tool in the Toolbox open its
Setting Dialog, and select the “Window-Ex-02” entry from the
Favorites.
2 In the Window Default Settings Dialog Box on the Parameters
tab, select “Sill to Story 1” from the Anchor list.
5 Using the Eyedropper cursor, click the door below in order to set
its properties as the default door properties.
6 In the last step the Door tool in the toolbox
became active.
7 Select the “Side Geometry Method” in the
Info Box.
8 Select the “Sill to Story 1” vertical
anchor in the Info Box.
9 Insert another copy of the entrance
door on the Gallery level into the
northern external wall – towards the
terrace – on the right side. Use Point 2
as the insertion point.
10 Click to the left of the insertion point to determine the orientation
and, finally, click below and to the right to determine the door’s
opening direction.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
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Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 4: Adding and Adjusting Openings, Internal Circulation and Furniture
Ensure that the Side Anchor Geometry Method is activated.
3 Make sure that the Virtual Trace display is switched on. Click the
wall corner point (Point 1) to define the insertion point of the new
window.
4 Click to the right with the double-eye cursor to define the
orientation. Then click above the wall with the eye-shaped cursor
to define the window’s opening direction.
Now let’s add a circular window on the Gallery level
5 Activate the “Window-Ex-03” entry in the Favorites.
6 Select the Center Anchor Geometry Method in the Info Box.
7 Open the “Set Special Snap Values” Dialog Box from the
drop-down list of the Special Snap Points on the Standard Toolbar
and enter “4” for Divisions, then select OK to leave the Dialog.
8 Select the “Divisions (4)” and the “Along Entire Element”
Special Snap-Point methods.
9 Move the cursor over the external perimeter line of the western
external wall to generate four temporary, special Snap Points at
quarterly distances.
10 Position the cursor above the top temporary Snap Point so that
the intelligent cursor becomes a Checkmark (Point 2).
11 Now click to determine the insertion point of the circular window.
12 Move the cursor to the external side of the wall and click again to
determine the window’s opening direction.
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13 Repeat the same steps (10 to 12) to symmetrically insert the same
round window into the eastern wall on the other side of the
building (at Point 3).
Hint: Activate “Model View Options” from the Document > Set Model View
menu to store Model View Combinations and fine-tune various view options for
Construction Elements, as well as for Fills and Zones. You can, for instance,
define whether you wish to show the openings on the plan, show or hide door and
window markers, define column, beam as well as section marker views, and much
more.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
There are two possibilities shown below for displaying openings on Floor Plans:
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Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 4: Adding and Adjusting Openings, Internal Circulation and Furniture
2.10 Modifying Windows in the Elevation
View
Let’s modify the previously created windows in an elevation project
view.
1 Activate the “2.10 modifying windows in
elevation” pre-set view in the View Map to
open the northern elevation to continue the
design development. Turn off Grid Display
should it be turned on.
2 Switch on the Tracker on the Standard Toolbar.
3 Select the left window (SHIFT+click on it) and
click on one of the selection hotspots at either of
its lower corners (Point 1) so the Pet Palette appears.
4 Activate the “Stretch Vertically” button on the Pet Palette to
redefine the height of this window.
5 Enter “0.45” for the new height value. The Tracker will open up
automatically when you start typing: simply hit ENTER to
complete the window resize operation.
48
Let’s reduce the height of the second window by applying the settings
of the previously modified first window.
6 Activate the Eyedropper button from the Standard Toolbar (you
can also hold down the Alt button for the same result).
7 Now click any of the corner points of the previously stretched
window with the half-filled Eyedropper cursor. The window is
pre-selected to load its properties as the defaults.
8 Activate the “Inject Parameters”
command. Use the Syringe
Button in the Toolbar to inject the
previously picked window’s
parameters to the middle window.
(You can also use the Alt-Ctrl (Windows) or Alt-Command (Mac
OS) shortcuts.)
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 4: Adding and Adjusting Openings, Internal Circulation and Furniture
9 Click with the Syringe cursor on any of the corner points of the
second, middle window while it is pre-selected to transfer the
previously loaded parameters to this window.
2.11 Multiplying Windows in the Elevation
View
We’ll now multiply the window on the Gallery level in an Elevation
view.
1 First, activate the “2.11 multiplying windows” pre-set Elevation
view in the Navigator View Map to open the northern elevation.
2 Set “1. Gallery” as the Trace Reference by right-clicking it’s name
in the Navigator – Project Map and choosing “Show as Trace
Reference” from the appearing context menu. Feel free to
reposition the reference so it is not situated under the elevation.
Use the “Drag Reference” option from the Trace drop-down list
on the Standard Toolbar for this purpose.
10 Click the “Fit in Window” icon at the bottom of the elevation
window to display the entire elevation in the window.
3 Select the window on the gallery level (hold down the Shift key,
move the cursor over the window and then click the pre-selected
window).
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
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Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 4: Adding and Adjusting Openings, Internal Circulation and Furniture
4 Use the Edit > Move > Multiply command to multiply the
window, or use the Multiply option from the Pet Palette or the
context menu after right-clicking on the selected window.
7 Click the top right corner of the gallery door (Point 2) as a drag-to
point to create three more evenly distributed windows on the
Gallery level.
8 Check the results on the referenced Floor Plan View. Notice that it
– as well as all the other project views – has been updated
automatically.
5 Enter “3” for the number of copies and select the “Distribute-1”
method, then click OK to leave the Dialog Box.
6 Click the upper right corner of the selected gallery window (Point
1) to set it as the drag reference point.
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Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 4: Adding and Adjusting Openings, Internal Circulation and Furniture
2.12 Editing the Sliding Doors
Let’s modify the sliding doors on the lower story in the eastern and
western external walls to be placed in-line with the gallery slab above
them. We will use two different methods to edit these openings. First,
we’ll stretch one of the sliding doors in the section view and
experience how the project model – and also the plan view – updates
automatically.
1 Activate the “2.12 edit sliding door” pre-set section view from
the Navigator View Map
2 Set “0. Ground Floor” as the Trace Reference by right-clicking its
name in the Navigator – Project Map and choosing “Show as
Trace Reference” from the appearing context menu. Feel free to
reposition the reference so it is not situated under the section. Use
the “Drag Reference” option from the Trace drop-down list on
the Standard Toolbar for this purpose.
5 Select the “Stretch horizontally” button on the Pet Palette to
stretch the sliding door to match the gallery slab edge.
6 Click with the Checkmark cursor on the corner of the gallery slab
(Point 2) to complete the stretching of the sliding door.
3 Select the sliding door in the Section view (move the cursor while
holding down the SHIFT key to pre-select it, then click to select
it).
4 Click the top left selection hotspot (Point 1) of the selected sliding
door to bring up the Pet Palette.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
7 Notice that the referenced Floor Plan has also been automatically
updated.
Now we’ll edit the other sliding door in the 3D window.
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Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 4: Adding and Adjusting Openings, Internal Circulation and Furniture
8 First, return to the Floor Plan by
right-clicking anywhere in the
Section window and choosing the
“Go to/Floor Plan” option from the context menu. You can also
do this by activating “0.Ground Floor” in the Navigator – Project
Map. Use the mouse scroll wheel to zoom out slightly or use the
zoom-out button for the same purpose.
9 Activate the Marquee tool, and ensure that the
�bold’ (All Floors) selection method
and the Rectangular geometry method
have been selected in the Info
Box.
10 Draw a marquee rectangle on the lower Floor
Plan, as shown in the screenshot.
Ensure that just the selected part of the project is shown.
11 Right-click and open the 3D window by selecting the “Show
Selection/Marquee in 3D” option from the Context Menu
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Alternatively, you can also activate the “2.11 edit sliding door in
3D” pre-set view to get to the same project view in the 3D window.
This pre-set view also stores the marquee information that was
previously placed on the Floor Plan view.
12 Zoom into the 3D window to the sliding door that needs to be
stretched, such that the edge of the gallery is also visible.
13 Select the sliding door in the side-wall and click on its top corner
selection hotspot to activate the Pet Palette.
14 Select the “Stretch horizontally” option on the Pet Palette to
adjust the width of the sliding door to the edge of the gallery slab.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
15 Move the cursor over the edge point of the gallery slab so that the
cursor changes to a Checkmark, indicating that it has recognized
the edge-point of the slab.
16 Click this edge-point in order to execute the stretch operation. You
will see that the door has stretched to match the edge of the gallery
slab. Check the result of the operation in the Floor Plan view as
well.
Hint: Alternatively, you can stretch the sliding door in the wall in the Floor Plan
view. To do so, simply select the sliding door and click its top-right hotspot to start
the operation and activate the “Stretch” button on the Pet Palette. Click the corner
of the slab on the Floor Plan to complete the operation.
Hint: You can save any of the Project Views with the help of the Navigator, so
that you can later activate the Pre-Saved Views with double-clicks. All you need
to do is to select a view-set, such as �ArchiCAD Guide’ from among the view-sets
of the Navigator to define where you wish to store the saved view. Then click the
“Save Current View” button on the Navigator.
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Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 4: Adding and Adjusting Openings, Internal Circulation and Furniture
Open the “Settings” page underneath to enter a name and an ID for the view to
be saved as, e.g., “Axonometry Detail 1”. Notice that layer combinations, scale,
zooming and even the marquee positioning and settings will be saved with the view.
The new view will be listed in the view-set where you saved it. You can simply
re-organize the saved views by dragging and dropping them into folders, or you can
rename them.
Hint: You can further fine-tune the content displayed in the 3D Window.
Activate the View > Elements in 3D View > Filter Elements in 3D command
to bring up the Dialog Box to determine which stories and elements you wish to
show in 3D.
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You can also choose among different marquee effects. For example, you can easily
switch off the roof elements display to simplify the design evaluation without the
presence of the roof.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part II: Design Evaluation Chapter 4: Adding and Adjusting Openings, Internal Circulation and Furniture
STEP THREE: ADDING CIRCULATION
AND OTHER OBJECTS
AC11-ITG-Chapter-04_03.mp4
Watch Movie
ArchiCAD gives you the priceless ability to think and work 'live' in
3D. You can design and edit the model in the 3D view, navigate in real
time to check the design, and hold interactive design sessions with
clients.
ArchiCAD enables designers to make changes at any time, while
maintaining the integrity of the central design data, without risking
costly errors or compromising productivity.
3.1 Adding a Staircase
Let’s first add stairs to the project to provide a connection between
the stories.
1 Switch off the Trace Reference on the Standard
Toolbar if it is switched on, Activate the “3.1
add stair” pre-set view from “Part
II./Chapter 4/Step 3” folder” in the
Navigator – View Map. Select the “Stair” Tool, open the Stair
Default Settings Dialog Box and activate the “Stair-01” entry in
the Favorites.
2 In the Settings Dialog check the stair�s settings and parameters, 2D
and 3D representation, flight and railing types, etc.
3 Make sure that the Stair’s Floor Plan preview’s top left hotspot is
selected as the insertion point on the “Preview and Positioning”
panel, and that the rotation angle is set to 0 degrees in the
“Parameters” panel.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
4 Click OK to leave the Dialog Box.
5 Switch on the Tracker on the Standard Toolbar.
6 Position the cursor over the bottom-right corner
point of the left door opening in the exhibition
space (Point 1), so that the cursor changes to a Checkmark.
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7 Type “x”: the Tracker will fold out and the current �2.20’ X
Coordinate will be highlighted and selected.
9 Hit ENTER to place the staircase at this position (Point 2). Now
the staircase has been placed on the plan at its insertion point,
70cm to the right of the corner of the door.
8 Now type “0.7 +” (i.e., the plus sign) and
see how the cursor moves 0.70m to the
right and how the Tracker displays the
new X coordinate.
3.2 Creating an Internal Perspective Camera
View
Let’s see what the interior looks like with the new staircase.
1 Open the “3.2 add camera” pre-set view from the View Map.
2 Activate the “Camera” tool from the Toolbox.
3 Place a camera in the interior with the help of the Tracker. Press
the �x’ key and enter �9.60’ as the X Coordinate value, then press
the �y’ key and enter �0.40’ as the Y Coordinate value. Now press
ENTER to place the camera (Point 1).
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4 To define the camera projection target, move the cursor towards
the stairs, enter R �6.50’ for the Radius and A �140.00’ for the
Angle coordinates. Hit ENTER (Point 2).
6 Activate the 3D window while the camera is still selected. Do this
by activating the “Show Selection / Marquee in 3D” command
from the Context Menu after right-clicking..
5 Now select the new camera on the Floor Plan (SHIFT+click) and
click the “Camera” button in the Info Box to adjust its settings.
Enter �2.20’ for both �Camera Z’ and �Target Z’ values; “45”
degrees for Sun Altitude, “240” degrees for Sun Azimuth and
select the “Apply” button to apply the new settings.
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From the perspective view it is clear that there is no opening in the
slab for the staircase. The outline of the gallery slab must be modified
to accommodate the staircase.
4 Click the upper, horizontal perimeter of the slab to bring up the
Pet Palette for various editing and modification options.
5 Activate the “Insert new node” button on the Pet Palette in order
to insert a new node onto the slab edge.
3.3 Adding a Hole to the Gallery Slab on the
Floor Plan
1 Activate the “3.3 add hole to slab” pre-set view from the
Navigator – View Map in order to go to the Floor Plan view of the
Gallery. Hide the Tracker on the Standard Toolbar.
2 Activate the Slab Tool from the Toolbox.
3 Shift-click the Gallery Slab to select it. (Use the
Tab key if you need to switch between
pre-selected elements.)
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6 Place the first new slab-perimeter node to the top-left edge of the
staircase: move the cursor over the stair corner and click it with the
Filled-Pencil cursor to add the new node here (Point 3).
7 Add further slab nodes, as above, and move these to the corner
points of the staircase (Points 2, 4 and 5).
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3.4 Editing Building Elements with �Find &
Select’ in the 3D Window
8 Deselect the slab as soon as you are ready with the edge
modifications, and open the 3D window to display the results.
(Select the previously placed camera and open the 3D window, or
activate the pre-set “05 Interior View” from the Camera Views
folder of the Navigator View Map.
9 Notice that the gallery slab has been modified: an opening has
been made.
Let’s modify the internal surface finish for all external brick walls on
all stories in the 3D window. The easiest way to do this is to use
ArchiCAD’s powerful Find & Select function. Find & Select gives
you the ability to find and select building elements of your project
with various editable criteria and properties.
1 Activate the “3.4 edit in 3D” pre-set view from the Navigator –
View Map to open an internal perspective view of the project.
2 Activate the “Find & Select” command
from the Standard Toolbar or bring up the
“Find & Select” Dialog Box from the Edit
menu.
3 Choose “Wall” from the Find Elements list. Use the “Fewer
Choices” or “More Choices” buttons to add or remove selection
criteria. These are based on element properties. Set these to leave
five of them: Pencolor, Material and Fill, Line Type, and Height –
follow the screenshot below.
4 Activate the Eyedropper button
from the Standard Toolbar
and move your cursor over any of the internal wall surfaces and
click to transfer these as “Find & Select” criteria.
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Note the immediate changes – to Pencolor, Material and Fill
properties etc. – in the “Find & Select” Dialog Box.
Notice that the quantity of selected and editable elements changes
to 4 in the bottom left corner of the Dialog Box. This indicates
that all the four walls with similar properties are selected –
regardless of whether they are visible in the 3D view or not.
5 Now hit the “+” (add to selection) button to select all the walls
with the previously loaded properties.
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6 Press the Wall Tool’s “Settings Dialog”
button in the Info Box to open the Wall
Settings Dialog Box in order to change the
internal surface material of the selected walls.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Activate the “Model” panel of the Wall Selection Settings
Dialog Box, make sure that the “Link Materials” button is
switched off, then click the “Right Material” pop-up menu to
change the internal surface material of the selected walls to
“Surf-Stucco White” from the Material pop-out list.
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3.5 Adding and Adjusting Handrails on the
Gallery Level
7 Now hit OK to apply the changes and to return to the 3D window
to see how the view has been updated with the new material
settings.
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Let’s add some handrails to the terrace and to the gallery on the upper
level and adjust their length to the existing building elements.
1) Activate the “3.5 add handrails” pre-set view from the Navigator
View Map to display the Gallery Floor Plan.
2 Activate the Object Tool in the Toolbox and
then the “Rail-01” entry from Favorites to add
rails to the Terrace and to the Gallery on the
upper floor.
3 In the Object Settings Dialog Box, preview the Rail object’s
parameters and settings and make sure that the “Rotation Angle”
value is set to 90 degrees on the “Parameters” panel. Make sure
that the Current Story is set to “1. Gallery”. Click OK to leave the
Dialog Box.
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5 Click inside the bottom left corner (Point 1) on the left of the
balcony slab to start placing the first railing.
6 Move the cursor upwards to the internal surface of the terrace
parapet wall (Point 2) to define the rail’s length.
7 Repeat the previous two steps – using Points 1 and 2 on the right
– to place another rail on the other side of the terrace and to also
add railing by the short side of the stairway (Points 3 and 4).
8 Change the rotation angle value to 0 degrees in the Info Box.
9 Place the railings along the long side of the stairway and the edge
of the gallery slab. Start adding the railings at Point 5 and
complete them at Point 6.
4 Select the diagonal geometry placement method from the Info
Box before placing the Rails on the Floor Plan.
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3 Open the Parameters panel in the Dialog Box and change the
“No. of Posts” under “Post Parameters” to “10”.
3.6 Adjusting the Posts of the Railing in the
3D Window
1 Activate the “3.6 adjust handrails in 3D” pre-set view in the
Navigator – View Map to display the gallery railings in the 3D
window and select the gallery handrails.
Notice that this view has been saved with a pre-set marquee
selection. Only a certain part of the project is displayed in this
view. It is clear that there are only three vertical posts along the
railing at the edge of the gallery slab, and it is necessary to add
more posts for stability.
2 After selecting this railing, open its “Object
Selection Settings” Dialog Box by
double-clicking the Object Icon in the Toolbox.
Or use the “Settings Dialog”
Icon in the Info Box.
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4 Click OK to confirm the new parameter settings.
5 Check the result, which is immediately visible in both the 3D and
the Floor Plan views.
Use the mouse to define cutting planes in the three views and click with the
Eye-cursor to define which part of the cutting plane should be removed.
Hint: You can also use 3D cutting planes to create tailored 3D cutaway views
with ArchiCAD to help with design evaluation and with your project
presentations.
Activate View > Elements in 3D View > 3D Cutting Planes to set 3D cutting
planes for the current 3D view.
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You can switch the 3D cutting planes on and off at any time using the View >
Elements in 3D View > 3D Cutaway option.
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3.7 Adding Fixtures and Furniture
We’ll now add some bathroom fixtures and other pieces of furniture
to the project.
1 Activate the “3.7 add equipment” pre-set view from the
Navigator – View Map in order to go to the lower Floor Plan view
and then zoom into the bathroom area to add some objects – i.e.,
bathroom fixtures – to the project.
2 First select the Object Tool from the
Toolbox, open the Settings Dialog then
choose the “Toilet” entry from the
Favorites.
Ensure that the Orthogonal geometry
placement method is activated and that the
rotation angle value is set to 180 degrees in
the Info Box.
3 Switch on the display of
Special Snap Points on the
Standard Toolbar and ensure
that the “Half ” and the
“Between intersection
points” options are selected.
Move the cursor over the
upper perimeter line of the
block wall in the toilet area.
4 Click the temporary special Snap Point – with the Checkmark
cursor – in the middle (Point 1) of the wall segment to place the
toilet object.
5 Now select the “Basin” entry from the Favorites.
6 Activate the “Set Special
Snap Values” Dialog Box
from the Special Snap Points
drop-down list on the
Standard Toolbar, and enter
“6” for Divisions.
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Hit OK to close this Dialog.
Ensure that the “Divisions (6)” and the “Between Intersection
Points” temporary Snap Point generation method are enabled.
Let’s add a piano and a piano chair to the exhibition space.
8 Choose the “Piano” and the “Piano Chair” objects from the
Favorites and place them on the Floor Plan – at Points 3 and 4
respectively, as the screenshot indicates – to furnish the hall
downstairs.
7 Move the cursor over the perimeter of the block wall in the
bathroom area and click the second temporary Snap Point
(Point 2) from the left with the Checkmark cursor to place the
basin object.
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9 Check the result in the 3D window by activating the “06
Perspective” view of the “Camera” folder in the Navigator –
View Map.
12 Move the cursor over the lower floor-slab – next to the piano –
and click to place some chairs on this slab.
13 Now move the cursor over the gallery slab and click here as well to
place further chairs.
Notice that switching on Gravity helps you to determine the
elevation height of the objects to be placed, and you can easily
adjust their elevation height to slabs, roofs and meshes – simply
choose the appropriate button from the Gravity options.
10 Activate the “07 Perspective View” pre-set view and select the
“Piano-Chair” from the Favorites and the Orthogonal placement
method from the Info Box.
11 Select the “Gravitate to Slab”
option from the “Gravity”
button’s drop-down list on the
Standard Toolbar.
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Part III. Construction Documentation
PART III. CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTATION
ArchiCAD incorporates a wide range of design documentation tools and techniques, and some of these tools will be briefly presented in this
chapter:
ArchiCAD’s Automatic and Associative Dimension feature refers to project-specific locations. This means that you are free to develop and edit
all the elements in your design project – the previously created associative Dimension Chain will always be automatically updated – without
spending any extra time on dimensioning.
ArchiCAD’s Zone Tool helps to identify 3D spaces, and stores multiple attributes and properties associated with them. Rooms and groups of
spaces (for instance, departments or areas with similar functions) can be easily identified. With the help of colored fills, even zone identifiers – or
space stamps – can be assigned to them with a single click.
ArchiCAD’s detail drawing views are extremely helpful at the project documentation stage, since they provide you with the possibility of re-using
and even further enhancing your existing 2D details. These can be stored in various vectorial file formats, such as DWG, DXF or DGN.
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Part III. Construction Documentation Chapter 5: Working with Associative Dimensions
CHAPTER 5: WORKING WITH ASSOCIATIVE
DIMENSIONS
In this chapter we will add some Dimension Chains to the design.
ArchiCAD features associative dimensions, meaning that the created
Dimension Points and Chains will remember their original reference
points. If you change the position or geometry of the dimensioned
element, the Dimension Points and Chains will update automatically
and immediately, saving you a considerable amount of coordination
time. It is possible to create Dimensions manually or by using the
Automatic Dimension feature.
We will add Level Dimensions that are linked to the slabs on the
Floor Plans. Therefore, if we change the height or the position of the
slabs, the corresponding Level Dimension values automatically
update.
We will add Associative Dimensions linked to points of the elements
on the Sections and Elevations.
1 Activate the “1.1 add dimensions to floorplan” pre-set view in
the “Part III./Chapter 5/Step 1” folder in the “Navigator –
View Map”.
2 Click the Dimension Tool icon in the Toolbox,
and activate the “Dim-Pln-01” entry from the
Favorites.
3 Activate the Wall tool in the Toolbox and
choose the Edit > Select All Walls command
to select all the walls on the lower floor.
STEP ONE: ADDING ASSOCIATIVE
DIMENSIONS
AC11-ITG-Chapter-05_01.mp4
Watch Movie
1.1 Adding Dimensons to the Floorplan,
Using the Automatic Dimensioning Method
Open the “AC11-ITG-Chapter-05.pla” ArchiCAD project file to
begin this stage of this interactive, hands-on ArchiCAD training
guide.
Let’s add some Dimension Chains to the design.
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4 Choose the Document > Document Extras > Automatic
Dimensioning > Exterior Dimensioning command to
Auto-Dimension all the previously selected walls.
6 Click any horizontal line (e.g., the horizontal edge of the external
pavement slab) with the Mercedes cursor to define the initial
Dimension direction.
7 Click next to the external edge of the southern external block wall
(around Point 2 – as shown in the screenshot) to define the
position of the first Dimension Chain.
5 Choose “Object endpoints” and “Place dimension on four
sides” and enter “0.50 m” as the distance between Dimension
Lines.
The Automatic Dimension Chains will be placed on the Floor Plan
all along the four sides of the building. Now deselect the
previously selected Walls by clicking elsewhere in the Floorplan
Window.
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8 Select an opening (e.g., a sliding door on the south external wall)
and drag it to a new position.
Undo the change by pushing Command+Z on Mac, or CTRL+Z
on PC.
9 Go up a Story (View > Navigate > Stories > 1. Gallery) or
activate the “Gallery” Entry of the Navigator – Project Map and
create Dimension Chains on the Gallery level as well by repeating
steps 2 to 7.
Notice how the corresponding Dimension values have been
updated instantly and automatically.
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1.2 Adding a Radial Dimenson to the Curved
Wall
4 Click inside the entrance area to place the dimension line
(Point 2).
1 Activate the “1.2 add radial dimension” pre-set view to zoom
into the Entrance area on the lower floor.
2 Click the Radial Dimension Tool icon in the
Toolbox and activate the “Radial-Dim-01”
entry from the Favorites to add a radial
dimension to the curved wall.
3 Click the internal perimeter line of the curved block wall with the
Mercedes cursor to start the Dimensioning process (Point 1).
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Part III. Construction Documentation Chapter 5: Working with Associative Dimensions
STEP TWO: ADDING LEVEL
DIMENSIONS TO THE FLOORPLAN
AC11-ITG-Chapter-05_02.mp4
Watch Movie
5 Go up a Story (View > Navigate > Stories > 1. Gallery) or
activate the “Gallery” Entry of the Navigator – Project Map and
zoom out.
6 Click on the Gallery (Point 2) to add Level Dimensions.
7 Select the gallery slab and choose Move > Elevate from the
Context menu.
1 Activate the “2.1 add level dimension” pre-set view to zoom into
the Entrance area on the lower floor.
2 Activate the level dimension tool in the Toolbox
and select the “Level-Dim-01” entry from the
Favorites to add a level dimension to the Floor
Plan.
3 Select the “Gravitate to Slab”
button from the “Gravity”
drop-down list in the Standard
Toolbar.
4 Click outside the entrance area
(around Point 1) to place the Level Dimension.
8 Enter “0,50” m and click the
OK button to elevate the
gallery slab. Notice how the
corresponding Dimension
value has been updated
instantly and automatically.
9 Now undo the changes made to the Gallery slab.
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Part III. Construction Documentation Chapter 5: Working with Associative Dimensions
STEP THREE: ADDING DIMENSIONS TO
ELEVATIONS
AC11-ITG-Chapter-05_03.mp4
Watch Movie
You can also add Dimensions to Elevations and Sections while
further developing the design. First, let’s add some Elevation
Dimensions.
3.1 Adding Elevation Dimensons Into the
Project
1 Activate the “3.1 add dimensions to elevation” pre-set view in
the “Navigator – View Map”.
2 Select the “Dim-Elev-01” item in the
Favorites and make sure that the
multiple height Elevation Dimension
is chosen in the Info Box.
3 Start to add Dimensions by clicking the edge of the external
paving slab (Point 1), then continue with the top edge of the
curved wall (Point 2) and finally the edge of the roof (Point 3).
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Please note: When you position the cursor over an element, it will
be highlighted, indicating that it is pre-selected for Dimensioning.
At the same time, the “Element Information” pop-up will
display some brief information about the pre-selected element.
Use the TAB key to switch between the pre-selected elements that
are located on top of each other. Please always ensure that you
Dimension the correct building element (slabs, walls and roofs)
and NOT the text labels.
4 Click the OK button in the
Context menu to finish
adding more points to the
Dimensions. (Alternatively,
you can simply double-click
anywhere in the view to get
the same result).
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5 Click once with the Hammer cursor close to Point 4 to define the
position and to place the dimensions.
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Part III. Construction Documentation Chapter 6: Working with 3D Zones
CHAPTER 6: WORKING WITH 3D ZONES
Let’s define the room usage and spaces in the building using the
smart, 3D Zone functionality of ArchiCAD.
4 The Hammer cursor appears after the first click, indicating that the
position of the stamp needs to be determined.
STEP ONE: ADDING A NEW 3D ZONE
AC11-ITG-Chapter-06_01.mp4
Watch Movie
Archicad’s 3D Zones tool automatically recognizes the geometry of
rooms and spaces and stores multiple attributes and properties
associated with them.
1.1 Adding 3D Zones Into the Project Using
the Automatic Method
Open the “AC11-ITG-Chapter-06.pla” ArchiCAD project file to
begin this stage of this interactive, hands-on ArchiCAD training
guide.
1 Activate the “1.1 add 3D zones” pre-set view in the “Part
III./Chapter 6/Step 1” folder in the “Navigator – View Map”.
2 Activate the Zone Tool and double-click
“Zone-01” in the Favorites. Ensure that the
“Automatic, Inner Edge Reference line”
construction method is selected in the Info
Box.
5 Click the middle of the exhibition space (Point 2) to place the
Zone identifier.
6 Repeat these steps to place all the other Zones on the lower floor.
Double-click “Zone-02” from the Favorites and place a Zone
inside the entrance enclosure. Double-click “Zone-03” from the
Favorites and place a Zone inside the toilet.
7 To place the next Zone in the washroom,
change the name of the Zone to
“Washroom” in the Info Box before placing
it, since this space uses the same “7 Other Usage” category as the
toilet.
3 Click once on the lower Floor Plan view, inside the exhibition
space area (Point 1), to place the first Zone. ArchiCAD will
automatically analyze the plan geometry of the Zone area – it will
be surrounded by the block walls.
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Part III. Construction Documentation Chapter 6: Working with 3D Zones
1.2 Adding 3D Zones Into the Project Using
the Manual Method
Let’s use the manual – polygonal – method to place the next 3D Zone
at the gallery level.
1 Activate the “1.2 add 3D zone manually” pre-set view to switch
to the upper story to place the next Zone at the Gallery level.
2 Activate “Zone-01” in the Favorites and
change its name to “Gallery” and its
number to “005” in the Info Box.
3 Select the first
– “Manual” –
Construction Method
from the Info Box.
4 Start to draw the polygonal shape of the Zone at the corner points
of the Gallery slab. Start with the upper left corner point (Point 1).
Place the cursor over it so that the cursor turns to a Checkmark.
Then, click this point to define the first vertex of the new 3D
Zone. Select the first (Straight Segment) option from the
appearing Pet Palette.
Hint: ArchiCAD’s Zones are real 3D spaces. You can use them to create
conceptual space studies as well as to create detailed space lists and area calculations
(see below). You can trim the 3D Zone spaces to slabs, roofs or beams: and similar
to walls and columns, to create more accurate volume calculations.
Use the Options > Project Preferences > Zones option to fine-tune the
Zone-related calculations and element subtractions.
5 Place the next vertex in the lower left corner point of the Gallery
(Point 2), and continue with the other corner points at
Points 3 to 8.
6 To complete – i.e., close –
the Zone polygon – after
Point 8 – click Point 1
again, or right-click to
display the Context menu,
then choose OK.
7 Click inside the Gallery
space to place the 3D Zone
stamp with the Hammer
cursor (Point 9).
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Part III. Construction Documentation Chapter 6: Working with 3D Zones
1.3 Modifying 3D Zones in the 3D View
Contents of the 3D zones can be changed in the 3D window.
1 Open the View > Elements in 3D View > Filter Elements in
3D Dialog Box to turn on the display of Zones in the 3D window.
Layer settings are also stored in the pre-set views of the Navigator
– View Map. Thus, when you clicked the “1.3 edit zones in 3D”
view earlier, all the model display pre-sets stored with this view
took effect immediately.
2 Activate the “1.3 edit zones in 3D” pre-set view to view the
Zones in the 3D window.
Note: All the layers – except the Zones layer – have been switched
to “Wireframe” display to ensure better visibility of the Zones in
the 3D window.
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3 Make sure that the Zone Tool is activated in the
Toolbox and then select the Edit > Select All
Zones command to select all the Zones in the
project.
4 Select the Design > Trim
Zone command and then
check “Trim Top” and
also “Roofs” and “Ignore
holes” to trim the Gallery
Zone to the surface of the
pitched roof.
5 The result will be visible immediately in the 3D window: the top of
the 3D Zone of the Gallery has been adjusted to the internal
surface of the slanted roof.
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Part III. Construction Documentation Chapter 7: Interactive Element Schedules
CHAPTER 7: INTERACTIVE ELEMENT SCHEDULES
This chapter will provide a conceptual overview of the various
Element Schedules and Component Lists. ArchiCAD’s enhanced
Interactive Element Schedule provides intelligent, two-way
communication between the schedules and the design project,
ensuring that even last-minute changes will be accurately and
consistently reflected in the model and documentation. You can also
export the created schedules in various file formats.
STEP ONE: WORKING WITH
INTERACTIVE ELEMENT SCHEDULES
AC11-ITG-Chapter-07_01.mp4
Watch Movie
Next we will create an Element Schedule and modify some
parameters on this list. The Element Schedule is related to the
intelligent 3D ArchiCAD model, so any changes made in the list will
automatically show on the model and on all views.
2 Activate the Document > Schedules and Lists > Schedules >
Window List default schedule.
1.1 Working with Interactive Element
Schedules
Open the “AC11-ITG-Chapter-07.pla” ArchiCAD project file to
complete this stage of this interactive, hands-on ArchiCAD training
guide.
1 Activate the “1.1 create IES” pre-set view in the “Part
III./Chapter 7/Step 1” folder in the “Navigator – View Map” to
go to the lower Floor Plan.
ArchiCAD will now generate a pre-set window schedule using the
current stage of the design project model.
3 Click “Scheme Settings”
at the top-right
corner of the Window List Schedule to adjust its settings.
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4 Select – by highlighting – the “Window list” entry on the
Schemes panel of the Scheme Settings Dialog Box and open the
“Fields / Window List” sub-panel to add some fields to the
schedule.
5 Unfold the “Window/Door” item in “Available parameters”.
Scroll down and select – by highlighting – the “Preview Picture”
item, and click “Add” below to add this field to the active
Schedule Fields.
8 Click OK to leave the Dialog Box. ArchiCAD will immediately
process all the added fields and re-generate the updated schedule,
based on the current stage of the project model.
9 Now select the “Width” entry of the first “W1 Casement 11”
window.
10 Resize and move the “Schedule / Window List” Dialog Box, if
necessary, so that the “W1 Casement 11” window at the entrance
is visible in the Floor Plan in the background.
11 Change the Width value to “1.00 m”. Notice that the Floor Plan is
immediately and automatically updated in the background with the
new width parameter.
6 Scroll further down in “Available parameters” and select
“Width”. Click “Add” again to add this parameter to the active
Schedule Fields.
7 Now move the newly added “Width” parameter, using the handle
on the right, to under the existing “Orientation” item.
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12 Undo the change by entering the “0.45” value again for the width.
Again, notice the automatic update. Close the schedule window.
Please note: The Interactive Element Schedule Dialog Box
enables you to control and edit all the major characteristics of any
type of ArchiCAD element from the schedule sheet with great
ease of use and continuous graphic feedback.
The fine-tuned element lists can also contain graphic entities. You can
include the Floor Plan, Elevation or 3D representation of the
elements. The spreadsheets can be placed on layouts afterwards and
they will be handled as an integral part of the project documentation
set – similar to any other project view or drawing.
Hint: Note that you can save generated lists from ArchiCAD in Microsoft Word
(.doc) and Excel (.xls) formats on the Microsoft Windows platform, besides the
Tabbed Text (.txt), dwf and pdf formats which can be saved on the Mac platform
too.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Hint: You can also display some prepared Element, Component and Zone lists.
Double-click on the entries in the Navigator/Lists folder to view various text and
graphic lists and schedules. These lists and schedules can be fine-tuned and
configured to meet different needs, expectations and standards.
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Part III. Construction Documentation Chapter 8: Detail Drawings
CHAPTER 8: DETAIL DRAWINGS
In ArchiCAD, details can easily be added to the project in the same
file, only with a different view. These detail callouts can be further
developed and enhanced in different scales. Changes can be manually
updated from the reference model.
STEP ONE: ADDING DETAIL DRAWINGS
TO THE POJECT
AC11-ITG-Chapter-08_01.mp4
Watch Movie
Open the “AC11-ITG-Chapter-08.pla” ArchiCAD project file to
begin this stage of this interactive, hands-on ArchiCAD training
guide.
Let’s develop and add some detail callouts to the project.
1.1 Modify Section Line
1 Activate the “1.1 modify section” pre-set view in the in the “Part
III./Chapter 8/Step 1” folder in the “Navigator – View Map” to
display the Gallery level.
2 Make sure that the Tracker is on and select section “S-01”.
3 Right-click and choose “Move / Drag” from the appearing
Context menu.
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4 Click on any point on the Floor Plan.
Enter “x” and then “-0,25” in the Tracker
and press Enter.
5 Section line “S-01” will move 0.25 meters
to the left, which means it now crosses through the window on the
Gallery level.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part III. Construction Documentation Chapter 8: Detail Drawings
1.2 Working with Details
1 Activate the “1.2 add detail” pre-set view to display the “S-01”
Section view.
2 Activate the Detail tool then open its Settings
Dialog, and choose “Detail-01” from the
Favorites.
3 Make sure that the Reference ID of the new detail is set to “D-01”
and the name is defined as “Handrail”.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
4 Select “Create new detail viewpoint” in order to create a brand
new detail view and to develop this detail.
5 In the Marker Settings area you’ll notice that the First and Second
Text Row values are set to “Custom”.
This means that the naming and numbering of this detail marker will
be automatically provided and updated once it is placed on a layout
sheet. This will help you to coordinate work and to save time during
the documentation process. Click OK to save the settings and return
to the drawing area.
Hint: You can also link the very same detail drawing content to different detail
markers placed in various places in your project. In this case, when you are about
to place a new marker, open the Settings Dialog Box and select “Place linked
marker” and click “Browse” to search for the appropriate detail drawing to be
linked.
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Part III. Construction Documentation Chapter 8: Detail Drawings
8 Finally, click near the middle of the handrail (Point 3) with the
Hammer cursor to define the position of the marker.
6 Ensure that Rectangular geometry method is activated in the Info
Box before placing a new detail marker in the section window.
7 Zoom in on the gallery handrail. Now click close to the upper
right (Point 1) and then to the lower left (Point 2) corner of the
handrail to define the geometry of the detail marker.
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10 Adjust the Detail IDs and enter the name in the Detail Settings
dialog box. Create a “D-02 Floor” detail at the wall junction of the
external curved wall and the terrace slab, a “D-03 Lintel” detail at
the lintel of the sliding door, and a “D-04 Sill” detail at the sill of
the gallery window.
Please note: You can select a marker and use the Pet Palette
buttons to: modify its position; change the orientation or the
length of the reference line; or modify the radius of the rounded
corners of the marker rectangle, etc.
11 Ensure the new detail entries are all visible and accessible from the
“Project Map/Details” folder of the Navigator.
9 Add more detail markers to this section view as shown in the
screenshot.
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Part III. Construction Documentation Chapter 8: Detail Drawings
STEP TWO: WORKING WITH EXTERNAL
DWG DETAIL DRAWINGS
AC11-ITG-Chapter-08_02.mp4
Watch Movie
4 Choose the DWG file format in the pop-up
Dialog Box and then select “D-01 Handrail
Detail .dwg” from the DWG detail drawings
folder located in the Chapter 08 folder of this
ITG. Then, click the “Open” button.
In ArchiCAD, 2D file formats (DWG, DXF, DGN) can easily be
added and integrated to the detail drawings. They can also be
developed further in detail views.
2.1 Merging and Adjusting External DWG
Detail Drawings
5 Make sure that the “Merge content of Model Space into
current View” option is selected. Then, close this dialog box by
clicking the OK button.
1 Activate the “2.1 place DWG detail” pre-set View from the
Navigator View Map.
2 Check the draft detail drawing, which ArchiCAD
automatically extracts from the building elements
of the project.
You can use ArchiCAD’s robust 2D functionality
to enrich and to work out this callout view. Or, for
instance, you can merge an existing external detail
drawing from a DWG file.
3 Choose File > File Special > Merge.
Should the “Locate Simplex.shx” Dialog appear on your screen,
please choose the “Skip All” button to close it. For more
information on this subject, please visit the Graphisoft Home page
and download the Collaboration Interactive Training Guide at
http://www.graphisoft.com/products/archicad/ac11/itg/languages.html.
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Part III. Construction Documentation Chapter 8: Detail Drawings
Please note: You can create your own, customized DWG
translator sets to fine-tune the content of imported and exported
DWG files. You can modify the Drawing Unit and adjust various
attributes, including Layers, Pens and Colors, Line Types,
Font-style conversions, etc.
6 In the next Dialog Box switch off “Specify On-Screen” in the
Insertion Point panel. Choose the “Drawing's own anchor
point” option and then click the “Merge” button. The merged
drawing will be placed next to the model view drawing.
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Part III. Construction Documentation Chapter 8: Detail Drawings
7 Select the Arrow Tool
from the Tool Box and select
the model view drawing.
Choose “Edit > Grouping > Group” to group
the selected items.
8 Select the exported DWG drawing and use Edit > Move > Drag
to place it on the model view drawing.
Make sure that the “Suspend Groups” menu command is
switched off in the same menu.
Use Points 1 and 2 marked by the Label Arrows as guides to make
sure that you place the detail at the right location.
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Part III. Construction Documentation Chapter 8: Detail Drawings
9 Select the model view drawing and delete it. Activate the “Trace
and Reference” palette from Window > Palettes > Trace &
Reference.
The “S-01 Section” will appear below the detail drawing.
11 Switch the Splitter on “Show/Hide Splitter” from the Trace and
Reference palette.
12 By moving the Splitter with the cursor you can cover the
Active drawing with the Reference drawing and vice
versa.
10 Switch the “Trace” button on
and choose the “S-01 Section
(Autorebuild Model)” drawing
as a Reference.
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Hint: On the Trace & Reference palette you can change settings for both the active
and the reference views.
13 Modify and adjust the merged DWG detail drawing and adjust the
detail boundaries.
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Feel free to edit and modify any other parts of the detail: for example,
select and delete unnecessary lines and fills from the window if you
wish.
14 Repeat the same procedure for the other three details. First open
the detail drawings (“D-02 Floor”, “D-03 Lintel” and “D-04
Sill”) window from ArchiCAD’s Navigator – Project Map, and
then merge the corresponding DWG detail drawings (“D-02
Floor Detail.dwg”, “D-03 Lintel Detail.dwg” and “D-04 Sill
Detail.dwg”).
Hint: ArchiCAD’s robust 2D tools are always there to help in any project design
view. Try all the tools in the “Document” area of the Toolbox: various
dimensioning tools, Texts, Labels, Fills, Arcs, Circles and Ellipses, Lines,
Polylines, Splines, Hotspots and Figures. These all help you to create professional
drawings and details. See ArchiCAD’s user manual for further details on these
tools.
Hint: ArchiCAD’s Text Tool allows you to easily create
and edit tabulated text using the power and functionality of
any text editor. You can use different styles, fonts, colors,
etc., within a text block. Imported text entities (e.g., from
Microsoft Word or from external DWG files) will retain
their original formatting.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part III. Construction Documentation Chapter 8: Detail Drawings
STEP THREE: WORKING WITH A
WORKSHEET
AC11-ITG-Chapter-08_03.mp4
Watch Movie
While creating a Worksheet based on the source model is similar to
creating a model-based Detail, the Worksheet is optimized for
creating partial floor plans and partial sections.
3.1 Add Level Dimensions to a Section
1 Activate the “3.1 add level dimensions” pre-set view in the
“Navigator – View Map” to display the “S-01” Section view.
2 Add Level Dimensions as shown in Chapter 5, STEP THREE,
using the Screenshot below as a guide:
3.2 Create a Worksheet Drawing
1 Activate the “3.2 create worksheet” pre-set view in the
“Navigator – View Map” to display the “S-01” Section view.
2 Activate the Worksheet tool. Then activate
“Worksheet-01” in the Favorites. Make sure
that “Create new worksheet viewpoint” is
selected in the Info Box.
3 Choose Rectangular geometry
method from the Info Box and
make sure that the Reference ID of the new worksheet is set to
“W-01” and the name is set to “Wall Section”.
4 Now click close to Point 1 and then to the Point 2 corner to
define the geometry of the detail marker. Finally, click near the
middle of the curved wall (Point 3) with the Hammer cursor to
define the position of the marker.
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Note: Source-type Worksheet markers can be distinguished on
screen by an optional semi-transparent solid fill. Use View >
On-screen View Options > Highlight Source Marker to
enable or disable this distinguishing fill for all source markers.
The color of this highlight can be set in Options > Work
Environment > More Options.
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5 A new Worksheet viewpoint is
created and listed in the Navigator –
Project Map. Double-click it to open
the Worksheet Window.
Note: Only 2D tools are available
when the Worksheet window is
active.
Note: Annotation elements and dimensions will, by default,
appear in the resulting Worksheet, in addition to construction
elements exploded into 2D components. (A Detail viewpoint
created from the model will – by default – contain the 2D-only
copies of construction elements only, without the source model's
annotation/dimension elements.)
Note: The resulting Worksheet will have the same scale as the
source. (A Detail is created, by default, at half the scale of the
original.)
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Part IV: Presentation & Publishing
PART IV: PRESENTATION & PUBLISHING
ArchiCAD delivers state-of-the-art visualization and presentational tools: no expert knowledge is required to produce stunning renderings or
fly-through movies. Virtual Reality presentations and animations can also be generated directly in ArchiCAD, right out of the box:
The industry standard LightWorks rendering engine ensures high-quality presentation images at incredible speed.
The fully customizable Sketch-Rendering engine can provide a freehand, sketch-like touch to your presentation images.
Cameras are not only there to create fully rendered fly-through movies of your project, but also for you to benefit from Virtual Reality Scenes
and Panoramic objects. These provide a full understanding of all those spatial relationships that are so difficult to depict using plain plans and
other project views alone.
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Part IV: Presentation & Publishing Chapter 9: Adding Cameras and Creating LightWorks and Sketch Renderings
CHAPTER 9: ADDING CAMERAS AND CREATING
LIGHTWORKS AND SKETCH RENDERINGS
With ArchiCAD you can choose camera settings from any viewpoint
and create either sketches or realistic photorenderings from your
model.
STEP ONE: WORKING WITH CAMERAS
AC11-ITG-Chapter-09_01.mp4
Watch Movie
1.1 Add a Plateau Slab to the Project
Open the “AC11-ITG-Chapter-09.pla” ArchiCAD project file to
begin this stage of this interactive ArchiCAD training guide.
First we will create a new slab to build the “environment”.
1 Activate the “1.1 add plateau slab” pre-set view in the “Part
IV./Chapter 9/Step 1” folder in the “Navigator – View Map” to
add a simple building plot area (plateau slab) to the project, using
the Slab tool.
2 Switch off Grid Snap and Grid Display if they are switched on in
the drop-down list of the Grid Snap button on the Standard
Toolbar, or in the View menu.
Ensure that the Tracker is switched on in the
Standard Toolbar to allow precise geometry input
using the keyboard.
3 Activate the Slab tool in the Toolbox. Activate
“Slab-05” in the Favorites.
4 Using the Rectangular geometry method, place
a slab around the building. Press “x”, then type
“-19”, then press “y” and enter “27”.
Then hit ENTER to define the top right corner of the slab (Point
1).
5 As you move the cursor diagonally (towards the
lower right) you will see the Guide Lines appearing
(if the Guide Lines option is on). Press “x” to
switch to Input mode, enter “48” for “Dimension
1”. Now hit the Tab key and enter “48” for “Dimension 2”.
6 Hit enter to place the second – diagonal – corner of the slab
(Point 2).
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1.2 Add a New Camera Path to the Project
1 Activate the “1.2-3 add cameras” pre-set view in the Navigator –
View Map.
2 Open the “Camera/VR Settings” Dialog Box
by double-clicking on the Camera tool in the
Tool Box.
3 Add a New Camera Path to the project by selecting the “New…”
button.
4 Enter “ArchiCAD Guide” as the name of the new path, then
click OK.
7 Select the Plateau slab, make sure that the Slab Tool is active, and cut
a rectangular hole in it around the paving slab by simply clicking two
of the diagonal corner points (Points 3 and 4) of the Paving slab.
5 Click “Apply” to create the new path, then close the
“Camera/VR Settings” Dialog Box.
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Part IV: Presentation & Publishing Chapter 9: Adding Cameras and Creating LightWorks and Sketch Renderings
1.3 Add Cameras to the Project
Let’s add some cameras to the project to create various presentation
images, flythrough presentations or virtual reality panoramas or scenes.
1 To place a new camera in the Floor Plan
view with the help of the Tracker, enter x
“-10” and y “16” for the X-Y location of
the Camera (Point 1).
2 Place the Camera Projection Target using
the Tracker. Enter “20” for Distance push
TAB and enter “41” for Angle (Point 2),
and hit enter to place the Camera Target on the floor plan.
3 Select the new camera (by shift-clicking it) and
open its settings by clicking the “Camera” button
in the Info Box. As you will see in the Camera
Settings, the newly created camera has been added
to the previously defined “01 ArchiCAD Guide” path.
4 Enter “3.23” for both the Camera and the Target Z values and set
the View Cone to 60 degrees. Set the Sun Azimuth to 140 degrees
and adjust the other values as illustrated in the screenshot.
Click “Apply” to apply the modified settings to the selected
camera. Close the “Camera/VR Settings” Dialog Box when you
are done making the adjustments.
5 Click the “3D Window” button while having the
Camera selected, to display a 3D view from the
Camera’s viewpoint.
(Alternatively, you can double-click
the new Camera in the 3D folder of
the Navigator – Project Map.)
1.4 Add More Cameras to the Project
We’ll now add some more cameras to the current path. This can easily
be done while navigating in 3D. In the Perspective projection mode,
you can navigate using both the “Orbit” and “Explore” modes.
Switch on the “Orbit” mode and use the Arcball
cursor to
navigate in the 3D window around a “fixed” view-target point. Hold
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down the the middle mouse button to pan the current view. The 3D
Explore information palette provides some brief details about 3D
navigation for “Explore” mode navigation.
2 When you are satisfied with the
specified view, right-click on the 01
ArchiCAD Guide path in the
Navigator – Project Map, select “Save
Current Projection” from the
appearing context menu to add the
new camera to the current path.
3 Add three more cameras to the current
ArchiCAD Guide path from different external perspective views.
4 Simply double-click any of the saved camera views in the path to
re-open their saved views.
1 Activate the “3D projection
settings” Dialog Box from the
context menu (it will appear after
right-clicking) while you are in
the 3D window to adjust the
camera or target point settings
manually and/or to define the
Sun settings, as desired.
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STEP TWO: CREATING RENDERED
PRESENTATION IMAGES
AC11-ITG-Chapter-09_02.mp4
Watch Movie
There are four different, easy-to-use rendering engines shipped with
ArchiCAD 11, giving you the opportunity to create state-of-the-art
presentation renderings in different styles, at any stage of design
development.
2.1 Creating Sketch Rendered Presentation
Images
1 Open the pre-set “2.1 sketch rendering” view from the
Navigator – View Map.
2 Activate the Document > Creative Imaging > Photorendering
Settings Dialog Box to set all the parameters and characteristics of
the selected rendering engine.
3 Set the size of the Photorendering Window to 800x600. Select the
Sketch rendering engine and choose the pre-set “Koh-I-Noor”
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sketch style and black line color on the “Basic Settings” tab.
Make sure that “Show 3D Vectorial Hatching” is checked and
that the “Background” is set to a single, white “Color” on the
“Background” panel of the Dialog Box.
4 Select Document > Creative Imaging > PhotoRender
Projection to create a rendered image with the previously defined
Sketch rendering engine.
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Feel free to explore the various options in Enhancements, Line and
Hatch Settings, as well as the Shadow Line and Background Settings
tabs in the “PhotoRendering Settings” Dialog Box. You can use
the “Partial Rendering” tab to reduce the rendering range to only a
part of the image, to try the current settings. In the case of complex
building models, this can be very helpful in reducing rendering time,
or just testing the current settings. Please have a look at the following
images. These illustrate some sketch rendering variations
showing/hiding 3D Vectorial Hatching and Vectorial Sun Shadows.
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Part IV: Presentation & Publishing Chapter 9: Adding Cameras and Creating LightWorks and Sketch Renderings
Once you are done fine-tuning the
individual rendered image, you can save it
in various raster image formats using the
File > Save as command.
You can also add the
“PhotoRendering” window of the
current camera view to the Navigator –
View Map by clicking the “Save current
view” button on the Navigator.
Don’t forget to select the
“Photorendering Window” on the
“3D Only” tab when you wish to reuse your carefully set
photorendering settings window at a later – e.g., documentation –
stage of your work.
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2.2 Creating Lightworks Rendered
Presentation Images
Let’s try the high-quality, industry standard LightWorks® rendering
engine, which can dramatically boost your presentation capabilities
and is available out of the box with ArchiCAD.
1 Activate the pre-set “2.2 LW Rendering” view from the
Navigator – View Map
2 Open the Document > Creative Imaging > PhotoRendering
Settings Dialog Box and switch to the LightWorks Rendering
Engine.
3 Open the background tab, select the “Picture” radio button in the
Background image area and click “Browse Picture” button to
search and select the “Sky_clear2_photo.jpg” background photo
from the “Background Images 11/Photos 1024x768 11” folder
in the loaded library.
Click OK to leave the Dialog Box.
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4 Activate the Document > Creative Imaging > PhotoRender
Projection command to render the current camera view with the
LightWorks rendering engine.
Hint: Use the Options > Element Attributes > Materials command to set up
and fine-tune all the material properties.
Feel free to experiment with different settings and materials. Use the LightWorks
and Sketch rendering engines to set up and try different line-colors, line styles,
vectorial sun shadows and 3D hatches, as well as Material settings. You can also
apply different paper textures as background images to further enhance the style
and quality of your presentation.
These settings will determine the quality of your renderings. First, select the
rendering engine in the “Create Preview with” menu, and use the various panels to
adjust and modify the properties. You can select different textures, transparency
and reflection options, etc.
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You can simply activate the “2.3.1” – “2.3.16” preset views in the
Navigator – View Map to see some pre-set samples.
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Hint: Besides photorendered images, ArchiCAD also enables you to create
Panoramic VR (Virtual Reality) Scenes and Objects, as well as flythrough movie
clips. The advantage of VR Scenes and Objects over still rendered images is that
the viewer is able to freely navigate in these virtual reality scenes and objects using
mouse movements. They can investigate the project from various random points or
perspectives, instead of having only one fixed viewpoint. To create a VR Object or
a VR Scene, simply select the Camera tool as before, open its settings and select
the VR Object or VR Scene tab page. Adjust the necessary settings, place a VR
Camera on the plan and choose the Document > Creative Imaging > Create VR
Scene (or “VR Object”) command to see the results. To create a flythrough,
simply place multiple cameras in the path of the flythrough, as described earlier.
Once you are ready, all you need to do is to render the flythrough using the
Document > Creative Imaging > Create Flythrough command.
Hint: ArchiCAD can create a sun study as well. This can be set optionally for
any day of the year.
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Part IV: Presentation & Publishing Chapter 10: Publishing the Project
CHAPTER 10: PUBLISHING THE PROJECT
STEP ONE: WORKING WITH A CUSTOM
PROJECT VIEW
AC11-ITG-Chapter-10_01.mp4
Watch Movie
So far every step of this guide started by activating a pre-set view
from the ArchiCAD Guide folder of the Navigator – View Map. Let’s
briefly summarize the advantages and benefits of pre-set project
views by creating a few of these.
1.1 Creating a New Custom Project View
You can also use the “Increase
Zoom” button or the mouse wheel to
zoom in on any part of the Gallery
plan.
The Navigator – Project Map enables you to access any design
project view in seconds. This means that you can unfold and
activate any of the existing Floor Plans, Sections and Elevations,
details, 3D views, Element Schedules and Lists, etc.
Let’s create a new layer combination with custom defined layer
settings.
2 Open the Document > Layers > Layer Settings (Model
Views) Dialog Box to manage layers.
Open the “AC11-ITG-Chapter-10.pla” ArchiCAD project file to
begin this stage of this interactive ArchiCAD training guide.
First we will set up – or define – a new model view (scale, display
properties, layer combinations, dimension standards, etc.) and
afterwards we will save it to the new View Map folder.
1 Switch to “Project Map” in the Navigator to begin to configure a
new project plan view, then unfold the “Stories” container and
double-click the “1. Gallery” item to switch to the Gallery Floor
Plan project window.
Click the “Fit in Window” button at
the bottom of the Floor Plan window
to fit the complete Gallery plan view to
the window.
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Here you can freely add or delete, show or hide, lock or unlock, or
rename layers. It enables you, for example, to show only those
layers that are required for our “Design Set”.
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3 Select the “arrow” icon in the top left corner of the
Layers tab to unfold the “Layer Combinations”
tab page if it’ not unfolded already. Click “New” at
the bottom of the page to add a new layer
combination set. Enter “Design Layer Set” as the
name.
Open the “Options for Construction Elements” panel to define
the representation of beams, openings, and section makers.
At the Door and Window options uncheck the “With Marker”
option to hide the Door and Window markers on the floor plan.
Click OK to leave the “New Layer Combination” Dialog Box.
4 Click OK to close the “Layer Settings” Dialog Box.
Now let’s define a custom project model view combination to
fine-tune the display and output options of the design.
5 Open the Document > Set Model View > Model View
Options Dialog Box.
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You can define settings here to show the markers of openings on
the plan, display or hide column symbols, define beam
representations, etc.
6 Open the “Options for Fills & Zones” panel to fine-tune the
desired representation of Fills and Zones.
8 Now open the Document
> Floor Plan Scale Dialog
Box to define the required
Floor Plan scale.
Here you can set the exact representation of Fill Backgrounds, as
well as Cut, Drafting, Cover Fills and Zone Backgrounds.
7 Once you are done with the configuration of the Model View
Options, switch to the “Model View Option Combinations”
panel and click “Store as” to save the current display settings with
a unique name. Use “Design Model View” for this example, and
click OK to leave the Dialog Box.
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You can choose a scale from the drop-down list, or define a
custom value. In this example, the Floor Plan scale will be 1:100.
Click OK to leave this Dialog Box.
9 Open the Options > Project Preferences > Dimensions Dialog
Box to fine-tune all the various Dimension types in the current
project, including Linear, Angular, Radial, Level, Elevation,
Opening, and Area Dimensioning.
10 Once you are finished, click “Add” to save the current Dimension
standard with a unique name. Use “Design Dimension
Standard” for this case, and click OK to leave the Dialog Box.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Now the custom-defined project view is ready to be saved in the
Navigator – View Map for later use.
Now that we are done with the configuration – including Layer
Combination, Scale and Model View options, Dimension
standards, etc. – we will create a new View Map folder and save
some project views here with the custom defined view options.
11 Click the “View Map” button on the Navigator to switch to the
View Map and highlight the “AC11-ITG” container at the top by
clicking on it once.
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12 Click the “New Folder” button to create a new folder in the root
of the Project View Map.
14 Expand the “Identification” panel and select “Custom” from
the drop-down list for both ID and Name. Enter “9.2.2” for ID
and “My Gallery Floor Plan” for the Name.
Provide a new name, for instance, “My Design Set”, and select
“Create” to leave the Dialog Box.
The new view set folder has been immediately added to the
Navigator – View Map.
Note: Views and folders can be easily reorganized by dragging
elements in the tree structure of the Navigator.
13 Select the new “My Design Set” folder and click the “Save
Current View” button to open the “Save View” Dialog Box.
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15 Expand the “General” panel and select the previously defined
“Design Layer Set” as the Layer Combination, and “1:100” for
Scale.
16 Expand the “2D Only” panel and select “Design Model View”
in the Model View Options, “Design Dimension Standard” for
Dimensions, and the “Current Zoom” option at Zooming.
When you work in the 3D window and you wish to save a view
from there, the “3D Only” panel will be active. It helps you to
define whether you wish to save the current “3D window” view or
a “Photorendered” view.
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17 Click “Create” now to leave the Dialog Box.
19 Activate the “Ground Floor”
item in the Navigator – Project
Map to switch to the Ground
Floor plan, switch to the View
Map, highlight the “My Design
Set folder” container and click
the “Save current view” button
again to save this view as
“9.2.1 My Ground Floor Plan”. Use the same settings you used
while creating the previous view, and click OK.
You can simply drag and drop the new view to the “My Design
Set” folder if it is placed outside this folder accidentally.
STEP TWO: ORGANIZING VIEWS
AC11-ITG-Chapter-10_02.mp4
Watch Movie
18 As you will notice, the newly created – custom – Gallery Floor
Plan view has immediately been added to the Navigator – View
Map.
The “Properties” area contains
brief details of the currently
selected view. It also enables you to
change the ID or the Name of the
view at once. You can click
“Settings” at the bottom to open
the “View Settings” dialog,
should you wish to redefine the
selected view.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
ArchiCAD’s publisher functionality is a powerful tool to share
custom tailored project documents using various file formats,
including DWG, DGN, DWF, PDF and many more. This ensures
that anyone will be able to view the results of your work using the
popular and free Adobe Acrobat Reader application on both
Windows and Mac OS platforms.
All the publishing parameters need to be defined and set only once as
your project design progresses.
Let’s finalize the previously created “My Design Set”, representing a
design-development project documentation set, with the help of the
View Editor Organizer. We’ll publish this custom project
design-development documentation set with the help of ArchiCAD’s
Publisher.
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2.1 Creating a New View Set
1 With the Project Map active, click
the “Project Chooser” button
and choose “Show Organizer”
from the pop-up menu to display
the “Organizer-View Editor”
Dialog Box. If necessary, resize
the Dialog Box for better
readability.
Here you can organize and finalize the content of custom project
views to be published subsequently. The View Editor enables you
to maximize use and speed.
2 Select the “View Map” button on the right side
of the Organizer, then select and unfold the
previously created “My Design Set” custom
project view container under it. Ensure that the
“Project Map” button is activated on the left
side of the Organizer.
3 Select the “Sections” folder on the left and drag and drop it into
the “My Design Set” folder on the right.
4 Repeat the same operation with the “Elevations” and “Details”
containers: drag and drop all the details from the project map to
the “View Map/My Design” set folder.
You can add the elements of the folder one-by-one, or in one step,
using the Shift or the CMD (Mac OS) / CTRL (WIN) keys to
select multiple views.
You can also click the “Save view” button below the Project Map
to add the Details folder and its content to the View Map (on the
right).
5 Select the “My Design Set” folder on the left
and click the “New Folder” icon in the
bottom-right corner of the organizer. Enter
“Floor Plans” and click “Create” to add this
new view container to the set.
6 Drag and drop the existing “9.2.1 My Ground Floor Plan” and
“9.2.2 My Gallery Plan” to the newly created “Floor Plans”
folder under the “My Design Set” container in the View Map.
7 Reorganize the folders in the “My Design Set” folder so that the
order of the elements will be as follows: Floor Plans, Details,
Elevations, Sections
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Please note that detail properties of the selected project view are
displayed in the “View Properties” area at the bottom.
STEP THREE: WORKING WITH LAYOUTS
AC11-ITG-Chapter-10_03.mp4
Watch Movie
In this step we will place project views into newly created layouts and
will also create a new master layout.
3.1 Creating a New Layout For the Project
1 Switch to the “Layout Book” in the Navigator by simply clicking
on its icon. , Ensure that the “Tree by Subset” view is selected in
the “Layout book display” menu.
Let’s add some new layouts to the project layout book using some
previously created custom project views.
2 Select the “Project Chooser” in the Navigator, and select “Show
Organizer” in order to switch to the “Organizer – Layout
Editor” mode to add pre-set views to the Layout Book.
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3 Select the “View Map” on the left and the “Layout Book” on
the right side of the Organizer.
Note: The ArchiCAD Interactive Training Guide layout book
already contains folders and layouts (e.g., Sections, Elevations,
Details, Presentation Views) to help your work. In this exercise,
you will complete the layout set by adding floor plans to the
existing Layout Book.
4 Unfold the “My Design Set” View Map folder in the View Map
(left side) and select the “A.02 Floor Plans” layout subset in the
Layout Book (right) side of the navigator.
5 Click the “New Subset” button in the Layout Book (on the right).
Enter the name “My Floor Plans” and click “Create” in order to
add a new layout subset under the selected “A-02 Floor Plans”
container.
6 Click to select the previously added “9.2.1 My Ground Floor
Plan”, and Shift-click the “9.2.2 My Gallery Floor Plan” project
view under the “My Design Set” / “Floor Plans” view
container on the left.
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7 Drag and drop the selected project views to the new “My Floor
Plans” layout subset on the right in order to automatically place
the two selected project views on the layouts. Alternatively, you
can use the “Place Drawing” button to place the selected Views
(from the left) onto Layouts (to the right).
The two existing pre-set
project views are placed
on two separate layouts
under the “My Floor
Plans” layout subset. You
can also drag and drop the complete Floor Plan view folder to the
Layout Book.
8 Close the “Organizer – Layout Editor” Dialog Box and
double-click the newly created “My Ground Floor Plan View”
to display the new layout with the drawing based on the previously
created Ground Floor Plan project view.
As you can see, the previously defined Ground Floor Plan view
was automatically inserted on the default layout and added to the
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current layout subset, under the new “Floor Plans” layout
container.
9 Select and right-click the drawing on the layout and select
“Drawing Selection Settings”, or click the Settings Dialog
button in the Info Box to adjust its properties.
11 Open the “Properties” panel of the Dialog Box and check that
Magnification is set to “100” [%].
10 Make sure that the “Update Type” is set to “Auto” and that the
“Store Drawing in the Project file” box is checked.
12 Open the “Frame” panel, and make sure that “Manually resized
frame” is selected in Frame’s behavior.
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13 Finally, make sure that “Built-in Drawing Title” is selected on
the Title panel. Click OK to leave the Dialog Box to return to the
layout.
14 Click any of the perimeters of the selected
drawing to bring up the Pet Palette and
activate the “Offset edge” button to adjust
the drawing frame and offset all drawing frames, as shown on the
screenshot.
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ArchiCAD automatically adjusted the drawing frames to include the
entire floor plan view: i.e., the default frames are set to display the
plateau slab as well. However, we do not wish to show this element
on the current view, so we will simply adjust the frames with the help
of the Pet Palette.
A live hotlink has been established between the source project view
and its drawing on the layout, thanks to the previously selected “Auto
Update”. If the source view – the central project model – is to be
modified, ArchiCAD will immediately “realize” this and all the
changes will be automatically updated on all other project views and
layouts as well. This will save you a considerable amount of
coordination time and help you avoid headaches.
Hint: Use the “Drawing Tool” located in the Toolbox to
fine-tune and adjust the various properties and settings for
all the project views and external drawing files placed on
layout sheets. You can also select any of the drawings on the
layouts and adjust all their Drawing Settings with the help of the “Drawing
Settings” button in the Info Box.
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Auto vs. Manual drawing update:
Using the Drawing Settings Dialog Box, you can define the
Drawing ID and Name method and specify if you wish to update
the current drawing manually or automatically (in this latter case,
ArchiCAD will automatically regenerate the drawing from the source
design project view on the layout if the project file changes). This
helps you to always keep your project data up-to-date and fully
integrated.
In certain cases, however, for instance in the case of high-resolution
rendered views, it might be handy to specify a manual update, since
an automatic update might require more computing time on older
hardware configurations.
With manual updates, all you need to do is to
select the drawing you wish to update and click
the “Update” button in the Navigator Layout
Book, or select the same “Update” option
from the Context Menu (right-click in Windows / Control-Click in
MacOS) in the selected drawing.
You can also define whether you wish to store the drawing within the
design project file: this enables you to handle all the related project
information in one single file.
Use the Title panel to fine-tune the drawing title information,
including not only font type and size and pen color, but also its
content. You can easily show and hide the drawing name and scale,
and drawing and layout ID in the title, if you wish.
Open the Frame panel to modify the size, angle of rotation, anchor
point, Pen Set and Colors of a drawing item, or to add a border-line.
Adjusting the Frame behavior of a drawing can be convenient if you
wish to create an “abstract” polygonal drawing frame instead of the
conventional rectangular frame (which is set as the default).
Please note: You should also activate the “My Gallery Floor
Plan” layout and repeat Steps 8 to 14 to configure all the
necessary settings and adjustments of the Gallery Floor Plan
drawing.
3.2 Changing the Master Layout
Now we’ll create some customized layout sheets. ArchiCAD allows
you to create drawing layouts and sheets: you can benefit from
automated layout, page and drawing numbering, automated text
entities that needs to be defined only once per project, parametric
detail markers, drawing grids and much more.
1 Double-click to open “A3 Landscape” in the “Masters” folder
of the Navigator – Layout Book.
As you can see, this pre-set Master Layout already contains some
items and information which will be used throughout the layouts
and drawing sheets of the current project. It has company logos
and project preview raster images, as well as various textual and
graphic elements.
2 Click “Settings” in the Properties
area to review the settings of the
layout.
The Master Layout Settings enable
you to adjust and define all the
various parameters of the current
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master layout; including Name, Paper-size, Orientation, Anchor
Point, Margins, etc.
3 Check “Set as Default for New Layouts” to use the current
layout for the newly added project views and drawings, then click
OK to leave the Dialog Box.
4 Activate the previously created “My Ground Floor Plan” layout.
5 To update the layout, simply drag-and-drop the “A3 Landscape”
master layout on the “My Ground Floor Plan View”, as well as
on the “My Gallery Floor Plan” Layout Book entry.
Note: The layout of the Ground Floor Plan has been immediately
replaced with the new customized master layout.
6 Activate both floor plan layouts and re-position the drawings on
them.
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3.3 Editing Text in the Master Layout
As you might have noticed, the drawing name field does not
correspond to the currently visible drawing on the layout, since it is
set to a “Fixed Drawing Name” value on the Master Layout. Let’s
change this fixed drawing title and ensure that all drawing titles – and
other layout title entities – will be automatically generated and
updated by ArchiCAD.
1 Double-click to activate the “A3 Landscape” Master Layout
again. Zoom in to the drawing name text box of the title block on
the right.
Currently this text box contains a “fixed” – user added – text
entry: “Fixed Drawing Name”. Obviously, most of the subsets and
drawing layouts should have their own unique name in a project
layout book. It would be a tedious task to type, verify and update
these drawing titles individually and manually, so we’ll use
ArchiCAD’s automated texts to ease, speed-up and fully automate
this process.
2 Activate the Arrow Tool
and enable Quick Selection.
Select – by Shift-Clicking – the text block in the drawing title
area, so that the text block is highlighted.
3 Activate the Text Tool in the Toolbox. Click
inside the selected text box and then delete the
current text: “Fixed Drawing Name” (highlight
the text, then press the Delete or Backspace
keys).
4 Activate the context menu above the text box
by right-clicking (or Ctrl-Click on MacOS) and select the Insert
AutoText > Drawing > Drawing name option or simply choose
the “Autotext” button.
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Please note: Automated drawing names will be immediately
provided based on the drawings placed on this Master Layout.
As you will notice, the current content of this text box will change.
The new “Drawing Name” AutoText will be automatically
provided and updated on every individual layout – in accordance
with the drawings placed on that specific layout.
Then choose “Drawing” as a Category and choose “Drawing
Name” from the Autotext Items.
5 Activate the “My Ground Floor Plan” and “My Gallery Floor
Plan” layouts and see how their drawing titles have been
immediately and automatically updated by ArchiCAD.
Hint: There are various AutoText entries to help you when developing your
project layout book. Some AutoTexts are generated from the individual properties
of the current project views (name, ID, scale, magnification, etc.) placed on a
layout. There are also AutoTexts that are identical for a certain project (client
name, Project Name, Address, Keywords, etc.). All this project related
information can be defined at File > Info > Project Info, and all these Project
Info items can be used as “AutoTexts” throughout the documentation process.
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STEP FOUR: SECTIONS AND DETAIL
NUMBERS AND MARKERS
AC11-ITG-Chapter-10_04.mp4
Watch Movie
Parametric section and detail markers will save you a large amount of
coordination time and effort and always give you an up-to-date layout
book, ready to be published at any time.
Automatic detail numbers and drawing grids will provide automated
drawing numbering, which is especially helpful when you need to
coordinate large numbers of detail callouts in a project, even if they
are situated on a single layout.
4.1 Working with Drawing Grids
Let’s see how you can work with custom-defined drawing grids on
Master Layouts. You will benefit from the fact that the detail
numbering will be automatically created based on the grid cell where
the detail drawing is placed.
1 Double-click to open the
“AC11-ITG A2 Landscape Grid”
preset Master Layout in the
“Masters” folder of the Navigator –
Layout Book.
Click OK to leave the Dialog Box.
2 Click “Settings” on the Master
Properties tab page to open the
Master Layout Settings Dialog Box,
and then click “Grid Setup” to
open the Grid Setup Dialog Box to
review the grid settings for the
current master layout.
Close the Master Layout Settings Dialog Box by clicking the OK
button.
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You can define the number of drawing cells, their layout and
geometry, line-type, drawing ID logic, and format.
3 Double-click to activate the “Gallery Details” layout under the
“Details” layout subset of the Navigator – Layout Book. Click the
“Fit in Window” button to fit the whole layout into the screen.
6 Undo the previous two operations using the Edit > Undo
command.
4.2 Working with Parametric Automated
Section and Detail Markers
As you can see, this layout contains some of the detail drawings
previously developed in ArchiCAD, using external DWG drawing
files.
The detail drawing titles on this layout are pre-set to be generated
according to the name and number of the drawing grid where they
are located. For example, the drawing title of the “Handrail” detail
will be generated as “A1 Handrail”, since it is located on the “A1”
grid of the layout.
4 Delete the “B2 Sill” detail in the top right corner of the layout to
free up some space there.
5 Select, then drag and drop the “A2 Lintel” detail drawing to a new
drawing grid position – the currently free “B2” grid position – and
notice how the name of this detail drawing will be automatically
updated with the name of the new drawing grid cell ID.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Parametric section and detail markers will save you a large amount of
coordination time and effort and always give you an up-to-date layout
book, ready to be published at any time.
1 Open the “S-01” Section view in the Sections container of the
“My Design set” folder.
2 Select the “D-01 Handrail detail” by
SHIFT-clicking and open the “Detail Selection
Settings” Dialog Box.
3 Select the Linked marker and choose “The first
drawing of the selected viewpoint” as shown on the screenshot.
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5 Open the “Marker Head” panel and choose the circular marker
style. Make sure that “Show Reference ID” and “Show
Drawing ID” are selected in the First Text Row, and “Show
Name” and “Show Layout ID” are selected in the Second Text
Row.
4 Choose “D-01 Handrail” from the Details container, then click
the OK button.
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6 Go back to the Marker panel and enter “14,00” for the diameter of
the marker. When you are done, click the OK button.
remember, all these detail markers had been previously placed on the
section view.
For instance, the Lintel detail marker is called “D-03 A2/Lintel
A.05.1”, meaning that this Lintel detail drawing is located on the “A2”
grid cell of the “A.05.1” layout sheet of the project layout book. Its
detail ID is “D-03” and its name is “Lintel”.
Hint: You can fine-tune and adjust the sheet and drawing information displayed
in the detail markers. Simply switch to the source project view (browsing the
Navigator – Project Map or View Map), select the detail marker you wish to
adjust and activate its settings Dialog Box.
Open the Marker panel to adjust the marker settings, geometry, drawing ID and
sheet number, etc.
10 Click on the “A.05 Details” subset in the
Navigator – Layout Book to select it. Then
click the “New Layout” button to insert a
new layout in this container. Enter the name “New Detail
Layout” and choose the “AC11-ITG A2 Landscape-Grid”
Master Layout in the “Create New Layout” Dialog Box.
7 Repeat steps 2–6 with all the other details.
Let’s change the location of the Lintel detail drawing and see how
its marker will update.
8 Double-click to open the “A.03.1 S-01 Section” layout in the
Sections container of the Navigator – Layout Book.
9 Zoom in to the Lintel detail marker to review its content.
As you can see, all the exact detail marker information – Drawing ID
(Reference ID and Drawing ID), as well as the Sheet Number (Detail
Name and Layout Number) – has all been automatically filled on this
section drawing (and also on the source section project view). As you
11 Drag and drop the new detail
layout under the existing “A.05.1
Gallery Details” folder, so that
the “A.05.2 New Detail Layout”
name will be provided.
12 Drag and drop the “A2 Lintel”
detail drawing from the “A.05.1
Gallery Details” folder to the new
“A.05.2” layout underneath.
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13 Notice that the Lintel detail marker on the previously activated
“S-01” Section layout has been immediately updated to reflect the
new position of the Lintel detail drawing (D-03 A2/Lintel A.05.2).
Please note: If the “S1-Section” view has been set to “Manual”
update, you will need to click the “Update” button on the
Navigator to update the section view on the layout.
14 Undo the change, either by
dropping the Lintel detail
drawing back to its original
layout, or by issuing the Edit
> Undo command, or by
simply using “Undo Edit
Drawing” from the Standard
Toolbar.
15 Activate the “A.03.1 S-01 Section” layout again and
click the “Fit in window” icon to display the
complete section view on the screen.
16 Zoom in to the Floor detail marker on the left side of the section,
and notice that both the Drawing ID and Layout Number values
are still “Undefined”.
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This means that the “D-02 Floor” detail drawing has not been
placed on any layout yet – so let’s place it on the new detail layout
now.
17 Click on the “Project Chooser”
button at the top of the Navigator
and activate “Show Organizer”
from the pop-up menu.
18 Select the “View Map” icon on the
left side of the Organizer – Layout Editor, and
“Layout Book” on the right side.
19 Browse and select the “D-02 Floor” detail in the
“Details” container of the “My Design Set”
view map. Drag and drop it to the “A.05.2 New
Detail Layout” of the “Details” container of the Layout book.
20 Close the “Organizer-Layout Editor” and return to the
previously opened “A.03.1 S-01 Section” layout and note that the
Floor detail marker already displays as “A.05.2”, indicating that the
floor detail has been placed on this specific layout.
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Please note: If the update type of the Section view has been set to
“Manual” update, you need to click the “Update” button in the
Navigator to complete the marker update on the layout.
21 Activate the “A.05.2 New Detail Layout” layout in the Navigator
– Layout Book to adjust the newly added “D-02 Floor” detail
position and settings.
22 Ofset the drawing edge with the help of the Pet Palette – as
necessary. Drag the “D-02 Floor” detail drawing to the A1 –
lower left – grid cell on the layout.
25 Open the “Properties” page and set the “Drawing Scale” to 1:10.
23 Select the detail drawing and click the “Drawing Settings” button
in the Info Box to review its settings.
24 Open the “Identification” panel and change “Drawing ID” to
“By Layout” and click OK to close the Dialog Box.
26 Note that the name of this detail
drawing has immediately changed to
“A1 Floor” on the “A.05.2 New
Detail Layout” of the Details
container of the Navigator – Layout
Book, reflecting the new drawing
ID method. This actually indicates that the new detail drawing is
located on cell “A1” on the layout.
27 Re-open the “A.03.1 S-01 Section” layout. Zoom in to the floor
detail marker and note that this detail marker has been also been
automatically updated to reflect the new layout ID (A1) of the
Floor detail drawing.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Please also ensure that the Size field in the Properties panel of
Drawing Settings is set to 100% and that Frame > Frame’s
behavior is set as “Fit Frame to drawing” before you leave this
Dialog Box.
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Please note: If the update type of the Section view has been set to
“Manual” update, you need to select the “Update” button on the
Navigator to complete the marker update on the layout.
Section markers on the different project floor plan views behave in
a way similar to that of smart detail markers: they also
automatically adjust their content to reflect the layout sheet on
which the corresponding section views are located.
28 Activate the “9.2.1 My Ground
Floor Plan” view in “My
Design Set/Floor Plans” to go
back to the ground floor.
31 In the Marker Head panel check the “Show Reference ID” and
“Show Name” options in the First Text Row and “Show Layout
ID” in the Second Text Row. Then click the OK button to leave
the Dialog Box.
29 Select the “S-01” Section line and
open the “Section Selection Settings” Dialog Box
by clicking the “Settings Dialog” button.
30 Select the Linked marker, set “The selected drawing” as marker
reference, then choose the “S-01” Section drawing from the
“A.03.1 S-01 Section” layout.
32 Repeat steps 28 to 30 with “S-02” Section and the four Elevations
as well.
33 Activate the “A.02.1 My Ground Floor Plan” layout under the
“Floor Plans” container of the Navigator – Layout Book. Zoom
in to the Section and Elevation markers to review their content.
Please note: All the Section and Elevation markers have been
automatically named according to the ID of the corresponding
Section and Elevation and the name and number of the layout
where the corresponding Section or Elevation is located. For
example, the “S-01” Section marker on the floor plan is called
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“S-01 / Section DS4”, since the S-01 Section is located on the DS4
layout. If you change the order of section layouts in the Navigator
Layout Book, all the corresponding markers on all the layouts –
including the floor plan markers – would also be updated
automatically.
Hint: If your project views and drawings are set to manual update, ArchiCAD
will automatically warn you if you open an existing design project file containing
any layouts that were changed during the design development.
Select “Skip All” if you wish to proceed without updating any of the drawings, or
select “Update All” to have ArchiCAD update all drawings on the layout to
reflect the latest stage of the design project.
Alternatively, you can also open the Drawing Manager to review and manage the
drawing settings in the layout book individually. Here you can update selected
drawings, break the hotlink between the central design project file and the
corresponding drawing on a certain layout, and create a new hotlink by defining a
new source for any of the selected drawings.
2 Click the “Publisher Sets” button in the top
right corner of the Dialog Box to switch to
Publisher Mode.
Note that the left side of the Organizer
automatically changed to the View Map mode, since you can only
publish pre-set or saved project views or layouts.
3 Click the “Publisher Set
Chooser and Manager” button
in the top right area of the Dialog
Box. Define a “New Publisher
Set” with the name “DWG
Design Publisher Set”, and click “Create”.
STEP FIVE: PUBLISHING
AC11-ITG-Chapter-10_05.mp4
Watch Movie
5.1 Publishing Views
Now we can proceed with the publishing.
1 Click “Project Chooser” in the Navigator and select “Show
Organizer”.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
4 Drag and Drop the previously finalized “My Design Set” view
set (or select it and click the “Add Shortcut” button below the
browser on the left) to add all these pre-set views to the new
publisher set.
Select the “My Design Set” publisher folder on the right side of
the Dialog Box and expand the “Format” area at the bottom to
define the file formats you wish to publish to in this set.
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5 Select the “DWG” format , which will result in all the contents of
the selected “My Design Set” folder in the “DWG Design
Publisher Set” being set to DWG format.
You can click “Options…” to
fine-tune the DWG export
properties if desired.
6 Click the “Publishing Properties” button now to set up the
necessary publishing options.
You can choose between saving the files, printing, plotting or
uploading the content to an Internet site.
7 Select “Save files” and click the “Browse” button to define a
publishing path of your choice on your local hard drive. Publisher
will save the set to this folder.
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8 Check “Create a real folder structure” and click OK to leave
this Dialog Box.
9 Click “Publish” now to start the
publishing process.
Publisher will re-create all the
custom project views and publish
them using the previously defined file formats in one batch.
10 Close the “Organizer-Publisher” Dialog Box once the
Publishing process has been completed.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Hint: You can also upload the published documents to an Internet FTP site. In
this case – just as before – all you need to do is to choose the “Upload to Internet”
option and the corresponding settings in the “Publisher Set Properties” Dialog
Box. Click “Publish” to publish the updated and up-to-date project view-set.
ArchiCAD ensures that all the pre-set views, layer sets and display properties,
scale and zoom are maintained when publishing.
To view this set, your clients do not need to have ArchiCAD installed on their
machines nor have any knowledge of how to use ArchiCAD. A regular Internet
browser (e.g., Internet Explorer) is all that’s needed to view, print or redline the
published sets.
ArchiCAD’s published files can be opened, reviewed and redlined in Project
Reviewer, a free Java-based viewer embedded in all published documents. All you
need to do is to check “Include Project Reviewer web environment” in the
“Publisher Set Properties” Dialog Box. You can even send an automatic e-mail
notification with ArchiCAD’s project publisher if you wish.
This is a great tool for clients, consultants, or firm principals, as no license or
knowledge of ArchiCAD is required. Files redlined in Project Reviewer can be
merged smoothly back into the original Virtual Building project database thanks
to Project Mark-Up.
5.2 Publishing the Layout Book
Browse between the different layouts to experience how easy it is to
develop a professional project documentation set in ArchiCAD. You
are free to place different drawings with different file types on the
same layout; use different scale and display options; insert and hotlink
Microsoft Word, Excel and Project files; insert raster image files
(including digital photographs) as well as high-quality, professional
section, elevation plan and detail views.
The Project layout book will always be automatically updated as the
project develops, since all the drawings and sheets are hotlinked to
their source master content. Thus, if any of the source information
changes, ArchiCAD will instantly regenerate and update all the
layouts automatically.
Once you are ready with the layouts, you can create Adobe PDF
(Portable Document Format) project documentation with a few
mouse clicks.
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1 Select the “Project Chooser” button at the top of the Navigator
and select “Show Organizer” to set up a new PDF publisher set.
“A.07 Presentation Views” containers from the Layout Book
browser (left side) to the newly created Design Set folder in the
publisher set (right side) of the Organizer – Publisher.
2 Select “Layout Book” on the left side and “Publisher Sets” on
the right side of the Organizer – Publisher.
3 Click on the “Publisher Set Chooser
and Manager” button above the
“Publishing Properties” button and
select “New Publisher Set”. Enter
“Final Design PDF Set” for its name
and click the “Create” button.
6 Select the Design Set folder in the top-right and expand the
“Format” panel at the bottom-right of the Dialog Box. Select
“PDF” from the drop-down list and ensure that the “Merge to
one PDF file” option is checked.
4 Create a new folder on the right by clicking the
“New Folder” button and give it the name
“Design Set”.
5 Drag and drop the “A.02 Floor Plans”, “A.03 Sections”, “A.04
Elevations”, “A.05 Details” and “A.06 Worksheets” and the
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Please note that you can choose from various (raster) image and
(vector) engineering file formats when configuring a publisher set
– including DWG, DGN and DWF. This will ensure seamless
collaboration with the extended design team and your clients.
Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
Part IV: Presentation & Publishing Chapter 10: Publishing the Project
You can also use the “Page Options” and “Document
Options” settings to add headers or footers using various settings,
or to define paper size and orientation.
7 Click the “Publishing Properties” bar and select the “Save
files” publishing method from the drop-down list.
Please note: The newly created “My Design Set” publisher set,
along with all its configurations and settings, will be saved with the
central design project file. As your design progresses to the next
stage, all you need to do is to click “Publish” to create an updated
PDF set.
9 The Publishing process will start now. ArchiCAD will regenerate
all the project views so the published set will be fully updated. All
the latest design changes and modifications will be incorporated.
On your local machine, define the location where you wish to save
the PDF design documentation set.
10 Select the “Close” button once the publishing process is
completed. Close the “Organizer – Publisher” Dialog Box and
select File > Save to save the ArchiCAD design project file.
8 Ensure that the “This set” option is selected in the bottom-right
corner of the Dialog Box, then click “Publish” to start the
publishing process.
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11 Open the new “Design Set.pdf ” file on your local machine and
use the free Adobe Acrobat Reader application to view your
design project documentation set.
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Graphisoft® ArchiCAD® 11 Basic – Interactive Training Guide
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