Contents - Robland
Contents
General information
General information
Safety and maintenance instructions
Safety and maintenance instructions
Danger list
Danger list
Operating instructions
Operating instructions
Explanation
Explanationofofaccoustic
accousticlevels
levels
Normal
and
prohibited
Normal and prohibiteduse
use
Types
Typesofoftools
tools
Technical
Technicaldata
data
General
Generaldimensions
dimensions
Transportation
Transportation
Electrical
Electricalconnection
connection
Starting
Startingup
upthe
themachine
machine
Mounting
of
the
Mounting of thesaw
sawblade
blade
Mountingofofthe
thescoring
crown guard
Mounting
saw blade
Parallel saw
fence blade to the main blade
Ajusting
the scoring
Operating
the sliding
table
Tilting
the saw-and
main
blade
Adjustment
of
the
sliding
table
Mounting of the crown guard
Mounting
of
the
cross-cut
table
Parallel saw fence
Mountingthe
of the
90В° cross-cut
fence
Operating
sliding
table
Adjusting
the
scale
of
the
90В°
cross-cut
fence
Adjustment of the sliding table
Mitre
fence
Mounting of the cross-cut table
Changingof
tools
spindle fence
Mounting
the on
90В°the
cross-cut
Adjusting
the
spindle
height
Adjusting the scale of the 90В° cross-cut fence
The spindle fence and woodpushers
Mitre fence
Adjustments of the woodpushers
Changing tools on the spindle
Ring guard fence option
Adjusting the spindle height
Ring guard fence adjustments
The
spindleguard
fenceand
andtable
woodpushers
Tenoning
option
Adjustments
of
the
woodpushers
Changing and setting of the planer knives
Ring
guard fence
option
Adjustments
of the
planer tables
Ring
guard
fence adjustments
Planer
fence
Tenoning
guard and table option
Planer protection
Changing
andadjustment
setting of the planer knives
Thicknesser
Adjustments
of
the planer
tables
Putting the mortiser
onto the
frame
Planer
Heightfence
adjustment
Planer
Fixingprotection
the mortising chuck to the spindle
Thicknesser
Planer arboradjustment
protection during mortsing
Maintenance
Putting
the mortiser onto the frame
Troubleshooting
Height
adjustment
Drive the
beltmortising
tension chuck to the spindle
Fixing
Electrical
components
Planer arbor protection spares
during list
mortsing
Exploded
drawings
Maintenance
Troubleshooting
Drive belt tension
Change and tension of the 4-speed spindle belt
Electrical components spares list
Exploded drawings
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3
3
3
5
6
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
15
16
17
17
18
18
19
19
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2
1
General information
Name and address of manufacturer:
NV WERKHUIZEN LANDUYT
Kolvestraat 44
B - 8000 BRUGGE
BELGIUM
The model has been examined by the following organisation:
L'INSTITUT NATIONAL DE RECHERCHE ET DE SECURITE I.N.R.S.
Avenue de Bourgogne - BP 27 - F54501 VANDOEUVRE CEDEX - FRANCE
Description of the machine: Combination machines: NX-310 and NLX-310
Dealer's address or stamp
2
Safety and maintenance instructions
Working wood with machines is a pleasant job that will give you a lot of satisfaction.
Nevertheless, working with a machine requires constant attention and care. Therefore, for
your own safety, pay attention to the instructions summarised in this chapter.
- The machine can only be used safely if the operator strictly follows the operating and safety
instructions.
- It is absolutely necessary to read this manual before using the machine in order to know how
the machine works and what its limitations are.
- Always make sure that all protections are mounted on the machine and that the machine is
connected to a dust extraction installation. Also provide sufficient space around the machine
and good lighting in the workshop.
- When changing the tools or when doing a maintenance job, the machine must always be
disconnected from its power supply.
- Knives and tools which are not correctly sharpened or are in bad condition not only diminish
the quality of the work provided, but also increase the risk of accidents.
- Always wear suitable clothing, loose or torn clothes are very dangerous.
- Keep children away from the machine and the workshop.
- To avoid hearing damage it is recommended to wear ear protection when working with the
machine.
Danger list
This list was based on parts 1 and 2 of EN 292 and annexe A of part 2.
Operating instructions
- The following recommendations for safe working methods are given as examples, additional
to the information on the machine characteristics.
Nevertheless, the user must also follow the operating instructions in order to avoid accidents.
1. Training of machine users
It is absolutely necessary that the machine user receives comprehensive training regarding
operating and adjusting the machine. In particular:
a) the risks involved in working with the machine;
b) the operating principles, the correct usage and adjustment of the machine;
c) the correct choice of the tools for each operation;
d) the safe handling of parts to be machined;
e) the position of the hands in relation to the cutterblock;
f) storing the pieces in a safe way before and after machining them.
2. Stability
In order to be able to use the machine in a safe way, it is absolutely necessary to place it in a
stable position on the ground or another stable surface.
3. Adjustment and installation
a) Disconnect the machine from its power supply before every adjustment.
b) The recommendations of the manufacturer must be followed when adjusting and
installing the tools.
c) The tools must be suited to the material which has to be worked in
order to assure a safe and efficient usage.
The tools must be correctly sharpened and installed, with toolholders that are carefully
balanced.
balanced.
3
4. Handling of tools
In order to avoid severe cuts, safety measures must be taken when handling tools.
Always wear safety gloves when handling tools, even a blunt tool can cause serious damage
to the hands!
5. Installing tools
Special equipment, such as tool setting gauges, must be only used when the machine is not
operating. Table insert rings must be used in order to reduce to a minimum the space between
the table and the spindle shaft.
6. Rotation direction and choice of speeds
It is very important that the chosen tool turns in the right direction. When the piece is
presented, the operator must take care that the workpiece is fed in the correct direction and
that the correct speed has been chosen. The speed must also be suited to the tool on the
machine.
7. Functioning of the machine, choice of safety equipment and adjustment
Because of the various tasks that can be carried out with the various types of spindle shafts,
spindle holders and cutterblocks, different types of safety equipment must be used. Every
operation must be examined separately, then the correct guarding must be chosen.
The minimal opening in the table also depends on the type of cutterblock, diameter of the
knives and height in which the cutterblock is adjusted. This can be done by using the table
insert rings which are delivered with the machine. In that way, the opening is as small as
possible, and the piece can no longer flip over and hit the knives.
Using a power feeder can prevent most serious accidents involving the hands. Such feeders
can easily be adjusted and adapted to the size of the pieces.
When no power feeder is used, the woodpushers must be used, the horizontal and vertical
springs making a tunnel in which the piece can be slid. These pushers, together with other
safety equipment, reduces the gap between the cutting tool and the guide fences.
8. Working with the spindle fence when the total length of the piece has to be machined
In most cases a straight spindle guard fence is used. The pieces can therefore be guided in the
angle made by the table and the fence. The vertical and horizontal pushers can be placed in
such a way that they make a tunnel in which the first piece can be pushed. The second piece
is then used to push the first one, the last piece is pushed forward with a woodpusher.
Special blocks must be used relative to the dimensions of the piece. When working panels of
small thickness, only the top of the spring may be used, on condition that the thickness
matches.
On a spindle-moulder, the distance between the 2 extremities of the spindle guard fence must
be large enough to leave enough space for the cutter block. Thus the knives, the cutter block
and the spindle shaft may be exposed and the extremity of the piece may come in contact with
the nose of the exit spindle guard fence.
These risks can be avoided by using a false fence between the 2 spindle guard fences thus
limiting the opening between them.
9. Working with the spindle fence when only a part of the piece is machined
When working with the spindle fence, and this between 2 stops fixed onto the machine table
or fences, only a part of the workpiece is machined. By doing so, the cutting tool starts to
machine the wood in the full section of the wood, and does not start at the front, where the
cutting action is more gradual, and less severe.
The cutting action is stopped before the workpiece end is reached. This action is very
dangerous and needs special care and attention. A stop, solidly fixed at the front and back,
must be used.
A piece may only be guided by hand when it is sufficiently large, in all other cases a gauge or
a support with protection must be used in order to avoid serious accidents. By means of the
gauge, the piece can quickly and precisely be put into place and firmly held there.
A quick clamping system, working with tumblers or with cams, is the most practical system
to hold the piece.
When the front and backstops are fixed to the spindle guard fence or to the table, a better
control of the gauge is possible.
4
10. Working with the ring guard fence
When working with the ring guard fence, a support must be used, except when a certain
process does not allow this, i.e. when the piece is too large to make the use of the support
practical, or when the piece is so small or so difficult to machine that it cannot be held in the
support without danger.
The final shape is obtained by holding the gauge against a guidance bearing which is fixed to
the spindle while the piece is held against the tool. The gauge can be part of the support.
11. Chamfering
When chamfering, a solid support or a tiltable adjustable spindle guard fence must be used.
A woodpusher must be used for the final part of the machining.
12. Working in the same direction as the tools
It is extremely dangerous to work in the same direction as the tools, as the operator cannot
exert force to resist the strong movement of the piece as the tool comes into contact with it.
Working in the same direction as the tools is absolutely forbidden, even when a support is
used.
13. Other machining
For other types of work, e.g. tenoning, special gauges or supports can be used in order to
avoid accidents.
14. Use of safety accesories
The following safety accesories can be used to help the operator during his work:
- supports
- woodpushers
- power feeders
- rollers
- stops
14. Noise reduction
- The condition of the tools is important to keep the noise level as low as possible.
- The material and the position of the guards is important to reduce the noise level.
- Using the correct speed will reduce the noise level.
- What is mentioned above does not take away the fact that separate safety equipment must
still be used.
Explanation of accoustic levels
The values given are the output levels; these are not necessarily the levels on which the
operator can work safely.
Although there is a link between the output values and the safe working levels, it cannot be
used in a reliable way to determine weather supplementary measures should be taken.
Accoustic levels
- measurements: as per ISO norm 7960
- as per annexe D
Function
Level continuous
accoustic pressure
per idex A
DB(A)
Level accoustic power
DB(A) (MW)
Max. value accoustic
pressure as per index
C (instantaneous)
dB
Saw
Spindle
Tenoning
Jointer
Thicknesser
Mortiser
88
84
86
92
83
96
103 (19,9)
97 (3,2)
97 (5)
98 (6,3)
97 (5)
107 (250,1)
< 130
< 130
< 130
< 130
< 130
< 130
5
Normal use and prohibited use
CIRCULAR SAW
NORMAL USE
The table saw assembly is designed for the following working processes and equipped with
protective devices. It is not designed to work materials such as ferrous or non-ferrous
materials, and therefore tasks that differ from the ones stated below are prohibited.
- Ripping with the parallel saw fence with/without tilted saw blade with the fence upright or
in the low position.
- Right-angled or mitre cuts with the 90В° fence mounted to the sliding table with tilted or
vertical saw blade.
- Cross cutting workpieces with the adjustable stop on the 90В° fence.
- Cutting panels or solid wood on the sliding table.
PROHIBITED USE
Following tasks are prohibited on the table saw: submerged cuts by removing the riving knife
and/or guard; - all types of cuts without using the table saw fence, the 90В° fence or sliding
table; - cutting large workpieces that exceed the table capacity without using aids such as
roller supports.
REMAINING RISKS
Main risks on a table saw are
- unintentional contact of the hands with the running saw blade;
- workpiece kickback;
- tipping of the workpiece due to insufficient support.
MOULDER-SHAPER
NORMAL USE
The shaper assembly is designed for the following tasks and equipped with protective
devices.
Other tasks than listed below are therefore prohibited.
- moulding and forming straight and curved pieces on the vertical spindle;
- shaping of curved workpieces using a ring guard fence;
- mortising, tenonning and panel edge shaping using corresponding safety devices
PROHIBITED USE
The following tasks are prohibited on the moulder-shaper unit:
- down-cut shaping, i.e. when feed and tool rotation direction is the same
- slotting with saw blades
- using tool diameters which are not adapted to the spindle by using reducing sleeves
- using larger tool diameters and higher speeds than shown in the diameter-speed diagram.
- the use of ferrous and non-ferrous materials
REMAINING RISKS
Spindle shapers are one the main causes of injuries in woodworking. Nearly all accidents
result in hand injuries. They are due to contact with the rotating tool when the workpiece is
fed by hand and kickback occurs due to sudden forward movement of the workpiece.
The main danger areas on the shaper-moulder are:
- the working area
- the moving machine and tool parts
- the kickback area
Always use appropriate protection devices, and always observe the specific regulations for
accident prevention.
6
PLANER-THICKNESSER
NORMAL USE
The planer-thicknesser is designed for the following processes and equipped with protection
devices.
1
All working processes that do not comply with these instructions are therefore prohibited.
- planing the wide surface of workpieces on the planer unit;
- planing the narrow side of workpieces on the planer unit;
- bevelling an edge on workpieces on the planer unit;
- thicknessing on the thicknesser unit.
PROHIBITED USE
The following tasks are prohibited on the planer-thicknesser unit down cut planing, i.e. when
the feeding direction and the planer's arbor rotation direction are the same, and the outfeed
planer table is set lower than the infeed table; - insertion cuts on the planer unit, i.e. when the
workpiece is not worked along its entire length;
- the use of other materials than wood, such as ferrous or non-ferrous materials.
REMAINING RISKS
The most common danger areas on the planer-thicknesser unit are:
- the working area
- the rotating tool, e.g. contact with the blades, getting caught in the rotating planer arbor,
ejection of workpieces, knots, etc.
- the workpiece kickback area.
MORTISER
NORMAL USE
The mortiser unit is composed of the removable support and the chuck mounted on the planer
arbor.
It is designed to work wood, the use of all other materials, e.g. ferrous and non-ferrous
materials is prohibited.
- mortising holes in all wood types with or without depth stop;
- mortising slots in solid wood, e.g. sinking doorlocks, flush sinking of hardware;
- mortising dowel holes, boring out knot holes, and making plugs for knot holes
PROHIBITED USE
The following tasks are prohibited on the mortising unit;
- routing work of all types using router bits;
- grinding metal parts e.g. planer knives
REMAINING RISKS
The main sources of danger on a mortiser unit are
- unintentional contact of hands or other parts of the body with the rotating tool;
- tipping of the workpiece due to insufficient support;
- contact with the planer arbor as it rotates.
7
Types of tools
Cutter blocks and toolholders with interchangeable knives are frequently used when
moulding. The cutter blocks can be made in 1 piece, the cutting part being fitted in a body of
hard steel, mostly chromium steel.
The toolholders consist of the part on which the knives are fitted mechanically. Their cutting
part is made out of hard-metal (HSS) or carbide (K), as is the case for the cutter blocks.
Circular saw
The use of saw blades in hard-metal (HSS) is strictly forbidden. Always use carbide-tipped
(K) saw blades
Planer-thicknesser
The most frequently used planer knives are carbide (K) or hardmetal blades (HSS).
Mortiser
Only use "left" drills on the mortiser. To avoid vibrations short drills should be used as often
as possible.
Only tools according the EN- 847-1 Specification may be used on the machine
8
Technical Data
Voltage
Voltage
Weight
Weight
PlanerPlaner- Thicknesser
Thicknesser
Diameter
Diameter cutterblock
cutterblock
Knives
Knives
Dimensions
Dimensions knife
knife
R.P.M.
R.P.M.
Cutterbloc
Cutterbloc lenght
lenght
Max.
Max. depth
depth of
of cut
cut
Dimensions planer tables
Dimensions planer tables
Dimensions thicknesser table
Dimensions thicknesser table
Thicknesser capacity
Thicknesser capacity
Feeding speed
Feeding
speed
Motor
three
phase
Motor
three
Motor single phase
phase
Motor single
Circular
saw phase
Circular
Saw
bladesaw
diameter max.
Saw
blade
diameter
Max. cutting
depth atmax.
90В°
Max.
cutting
depth at
at 45В°
90В°
Max. cutting depth
Max.
cutting
depth
at
Saw spindle diameter 45В°
Saw spindle diameter
R.P.M.
R.P.M.
Saw
table dimensions
Scoringstandard
saw sliding table
Stroke
Stroke
sliding
table option
Saw blade diameter
max.
Motor
Bore three phase
Motor
R.P.M.single phase
Spindle
Saw table dimensions
Diameter
spindle
Stroke sliding
table standard NLX-310
Max.
stroke
Stroke sliding table optional NLX-310
Capacity
spindle
Motor three
phase
Capacity
fence
Motor single phase
Capacity
tenoning
Motor three
phase hood
scoring unit
R.P.M. three phase
Motor single phase scoring unit
R.P.M. single phase
Spindle
Motor three phase
Diameter spindle
Motor single phase
Max. stroke
Mortiser
Capacity spindle
R.P.M.
Capacity
fence
Stroke:
left-right/in-out/up-down
Capacity
optional
tenoning
Dimensions
mortiser
table hood
R.P.M.
three
and
single
phase
Capacity chuck
Motor three
Mounting
of phase
the chuck
Motor
single
phasediameter
Dust suction ports
Mortiser
R.P.M.
Stroke: left-right/in-out/up-down
Dimensions mortiser table
Capacity chuck
Mounting of the chuck
Dust suction ports diameter
V
V
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
230-400-230
230-400-230 11 phase
phase
600
680 (NX-310)
(NLX-310/1700)
650
700 (NLX-310)
(NLX-310/2500)
mm
mm
70
70
33
310
310 xx 25
25 xx 33
5200
5200
310
310
44
310 x 1400
310 x 1400
310 x 430
310 x 430
230
230
7
37 (option 3,7)
4 (option 5)
2,2
3
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
m/min
m/min
kW
hp
kW
hp
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
kW
mm
kW
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
hp
mm
hp
hp
hp
kW
mm
kW
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
hp
hp
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
250
300
300 maximal
100
100
70
70
30
30
4500
4500 x 350
1150
1250
1700/2500
120
320(option 3,7)
2,2
7000
1150 x 350
30
(option 50)
1700
140
2500
125
4 (option 5)
180
3
0,75
3000 – 6000
0,75
6000
3 (option 3,7)
30 (option 50)
2,2
140
125
5200
180 x140 x 85
165
250
200 x 425
2900/4000/6000/7500
0-16
4 (option
M24
x 1,55)
LEFT
3
100
5200
165 x 140 x 85
200 x 425
0-16
M24 x 1,5 LEFT
100
9
General Dimensions
10
Transportation (fig. 1-2)
Depending on the method of transport or shipping, you will receive the machine in a case or
on transport blocks.
Attention: always raise the spindle arbor to its full height before entering the machine
with the forks of the forklift, thus avoiding contact with the spindle motor.
Remove the sides of the case and lift the machine with a fork-lift truck, but severe shocks
must be avoided.
The crate made of heavy-duty particle board can easily be recycled.
When the machine is placed on the ground, it is still possible to move it with a hand pallet
truck.
The machine must always be placed on a concrete base and must be levelled perfectly
horizontally in the 2 directions.
It is very important that all working elements are easily accessible, and that there is enough
space around the machine to use it safely.
The machine is constructed in such a manner that it is not necessary to fix it to the ground, but
if you wish to do so, fixing bolts must be introduced through the base plates. Please check the
dimensions for the space required.
fig.1
fig.2
12
11
Electrical connection (fig. 3-4)
The electrical connection must be carried out by a qualified electrician who is able to
calculate exactly the required wire section and amperage of the fuses.
- Check that the mains voltage of your machine corresponds with the voltage in your
workshop; then open the electrical connection box at the back of the machine.
- Connect the 3 phases to the terminals marked LI, L2, L3 (fig.3).
- If there is a neutral conductor (blue), it is connected to the terminal N.
- Connect the earth (green+yellow) to the terminal marked with the earth symbol.
WARNING:
- Check if the spindle runs freely and if all protections are mounted before starting up the
machine.
- If the rotation direction of the spindle is not correct, the wires Ll and L2 must be exchanged
(the rotation direction of the spindle is anticlockwise = left).
This may only be done without tools on the spindle (safety reasons)
Connector box
fig.3
Connector terminal
fig.4
12
Starting up the machine (fig.5-6)
Turn the main switch to the �1’ position.
Make sure the brake release switch is set at the �close position’ in order to be able to start up
the machine.
Set the selector switch at saw or spindle or jointer, and push the green start button.
Check the direction of rotation of the spindle!
Warning:
When starting up a single phase machine, turn the starter switch and hold untill the motor has
gained its full speed, and then let the switch loose, it will go back in the initial position.
All motors are protected against overload, when one of the motors has been shut down by the
overload protection, it is necessary to wait a few minutes untill the overload has cooled down.
To stop the motor; push the red �STOP’ button.
START button
Selector switch
Brake release switch :
Brake in function
Brake open
Not possible to start motor
Emergency STOP button
fig.5
START switch single phase
fig.6
13
Cirular saw
Mounting of the saw blade (fig. 7)
Warning : Before changing saw blades always turn off the main switch (fig.6.1).
The maximum diameter of the saw blades used on the machine is 300 mm.
Push the sliding table to the rear and open the saw cover (fig.8) and loosen the 2 wingnuts
underneath the sliding table handle plate, slide the plate open to the left as can bee seen in
the figure 7.
Raise the main saw blade to its highest position and put the saw nut spanner onto the saw
arbor nut.
Put the locking pin in the opening of the saw table and turn the arbor with the spanner
untill the locking pin engages in the hole in the saw arbor pulley.
Now unlock the nut.Warning: the nut has a left thread, so loosen by turning the nut in the
anti-clockwise direction. Before fitting the new saw blade ensure the blade and flanges are
clean. This prevents wobbling of the sawblade.
Never forget, after the saw arbor nut has been tightened, to remove the locking pin
from the pulley before starting up the motor.
Handle saw blades with care, to avoid serious cuts and injuries.
The use off HSS saw blades is prohibited by CE Regulations: use only carbide tipped
saw blades.
The motor can not be started-up as long as the lower saw blade cover plate is open:
close it!
Locking pin
Hookspanner
Loosen 2 wingnuts underneath
the handle plate and shift to the
left
fig.7
14
Mounting of the scoring saw blade (fig. 7.1)
Warning : Before changing saw blades always turn off the main switch (fig.6.1).
Push the sliding table to the rear and open the saw cover (fig.8)and loosen the 2 wingnuts underneath the sliding table handle plate, slide the plate open to the left as can bee seen in the figure
7.
Raise the scoring saw blade to its highest position and turn the arbor to the left.
Now the forked spanner can be put onto the flattened part of the saw arbor.
The scorer saw blade is changed as follows: turn the scorer blade to the far left and put the spanner onto the flatened arbor.
Loosen the bolt with the Allen key (right hand thread) and remove the scorer blade. After changing the blade tighten the bolt and remove the spanner from the arbor.
Alignment of main and scoring saw blade
The use of two piece scoring saw blades is best
because they can easily be adjusted to the kerf of the
main saw blade using spacer rings.
Each time the main saw blade is replaced by a new
one, or even a newly sharpened saw blade, the scorer
has to be adjusted to match the main saw blade teeth
kerf. It is very important that this is done in the correct way to ensure a clean cut, free of splintering.
The diagram shows the different possibilities :
1) Without the use of a scorer saw blade
2) Correct setting of the scorer saw blade but too
deep
3) Scorer saw blade too much to the right side
4) Correct setting of the scorer saw blade
15
Tilting and adjusting the scoring saw (fig. 7.2))
By turning the handwheel at the front side of the machine, the whole saw unit can be tilted and set at any angle between 90В°and 45В°. After setting, lock the saw unit in this position using the locking handle. The angle can be read at the scale.
The lateral movement of the scorer saw blade is achieved by turning the knob and locking the serrated knob.
The height setting of the scorer saw blade is done by turning the knob, and locking the
serrated knob.
Adjusting the riving knife (fig. 8)
The saw is equiped with a riving knife suitable for saw blade diameters of 200 to 300 mm.
Never cut without the riving knife! Kickbacks are highly brutal and dangerous.
- Always set the riving knife close to the saw blade so that the gap never exceeds 3 mm.
The riving knife can be set perfectly in line with the saw blade by using the adjustment
screws.
- After adjustment always tighten the central locking bolt of the riving knife clamping.
Maximum distance 3 mm
Adjustment and locking bolts
fig.8
15
16
Mounting of the crown guard (fig. 9)
The crown guard delivered with the machine is suited for the use of sawblades upto
300 mm of diameter.
The guard can be put on-and off the riving knife without the aid of any tool.
Never operate the machine without this safety guard!
Locking handle
fig.9
Parallel saw fence (fig.10)
The saw fence is mounted onto the support rail and can be secured anywhere along the scale
bar-guiding rail using the locking knob. The fence itself can be set in two positions : high
position for normal cuts with the saw blade at 90В°, and low position for cuts with the saw
blade at 45В°. The fence can also be slid backwards and forwards and should be positioned in
such a way that the end of the fence corresponds plus or less with the back side of the riving
knife.
Warning: for narrow cuts along the saw fence always use a push stick!
Fence locking handle
Fence locking knob
fig.10
17
Operating the sliding table (fig.11)
The machine is delivered with the sliding table mounted onto the machine and the postion of
the sliding table relative to the machine is factory set and needs no further adjustments.
When loading panels to the sliding table and when cutting using the parallel fence, the sliding
table should be locked.
This can be achieved simply by pulling the trigger in the slot in the lower part of the sliding
table extension-handle.
The movement of the sliding table is halted by 4 rubber buffers mounted onto the lower and
upper extrusion of the table.
If over a long period of time many short movements of the sliding table are made by e.g.
cross-cutting solid wood, then it is possible that the ball carrier between both extrusions will
move.
This means that it will be no longer correctly positionned to allow the sliding table to slide
through its full course.
The operator will feel resistance in the sliding table motion and the full stroke will not be
achieved.
This effect can be corrected simply by pushing the table with a few short, light pushes
angainst the buffer stop at the end, until the position of the ball carrier is adjusted and the
table can be moved again along its full stroke.
Maintenance and lubrification of the sliding table
It is highly recommended to clean the sliding table once a week, and to remove all sawdust
and chips which gradually slow down the sliding table.
From both sides of the sliding table, blow out the dust which has accumulated between the
two sections of the sliding table and on the ball carrier.
This can be done more easily and efficiently when the upper part of the sliding table is slid to
the rear, and must then be repeated with the upper part of the sliding table at the front end.
After all dust has been blown out, a thin Teflon based oil, or even plain diesel oil should be
sprayed onto the steel guiding rods on both upper and lower part of the sliding table.
Never use grease or thick oil.
This maintenance job will only take 10 minutes of your time, and will assure the machine
gives full satisfaction.
Locking trigger
fig.11
18
Adjustment of the sliding table (fig.12)
The sliding table is factory set and normally needs no adjustment.
In case the table has to be readjusted, or has been removed from the machine, the table can be
adjusted as follows:
The adjusment bolts B are the height setting bolts(we recommend that the sliding table should
be set at .2 mm above the cast saw table)
To correct the parallelism between the sliding table and the saw blade use bolts A.
After adjustment, tighten all the bolts previously loosened.
A
B
fig.12
Mounting of the cross-cut table (fig.13)
The cross-cut table can be slid on from the back via the flat mounting bar on the side of the
sliding table.
The 2 brackets (2) should be positionned to allow the cross-cut table to be easily moved
along the sliding table. The table is locked in position using the locking handle (1).
Please note that the machine is constructed so that the cross-cut table can only be put at the
far end of the sliding table.
The telescopic arm support is too short to allow the cross-cut table to be set at the front of the
sliding table. Both telescopic arm and cross-cut table are factory set and need no further
adjustment.
Cross-cut table locking handle
Extra support brackets
fig.13
19
Mounting of the 90В° cross-cut fence (fig.14)
The cross-cut table has 4 precision holes allowing the fence to be put in two positions: at the
back and at the front of the cross-cut table. Simply put the fence onto the table and lock it in
position using the two serrated knobs at the underside of the table.
The 90В° right angle of the fence is factory set. Should the 90В° angle need to be adjusted, then
the bolt holding the fence adjuster to the frame must be loosened; then by turning the little
adjustment bolt the angle can be opened or closed towards the sawblade. After adjustment
the bolts have to retightened.
Serrated locking knob
Adjuster plate locking
bolt
Angle adjustment bolt
fig.14
Adjusting the scale of the 90В° cross-cut fence
The scale on the fence is factory set and needs no further adjustment.
To check the settings, put the flip-over stop at a certain measure and cut off a sample.
Now measure the exact length of the sample by e.g. a caliper gauge.
Remove the fence from the cross-cut table and loosen the 2 little Allen screws holding the
serrated knob- positioning bracket into the aluminium extrusion.
Now this bracket has to be moved exactly the difference between the exact length and the
initial length read on the flip-over stop. Repeat this for the second bracket in the extrusion and
lock all Allen screws well, and put the fence back in place.
Now again, make a test cut and see if all is ok, when not: repeat above.
When using the telescopic extension of the fence, the second flip-over stop has to be set at
1550 mm to make the different scales correspond with one another.
The best way to check if all scales correspond is to make several test cuts at the different
scales.
When, after some time the wooden splitter protection cap at the fence is cut-away, a new one
can be build according the diagram below (fig.15).
19
fig.15
20
Mitre fence (fig.16)
The mitre fence can be mounted onto the sliding table as illustrated below.
The flat T-nut which holds the vertical post of the woodclamp is factory set and has to stay in
its position to make the angle scale correspond.
To set the required angle: unlock the vertical post and unlock the automatic release handle.
To slide the mitre fence towards the sawblade; unlock the two automatic release handles
holding the extrusion to the bracket.
Reading the angle set is done at the back side of the bracket which holds the fence!
Vertical post
Locking handle
Auto-release handles
fig.16
Changing tools on the spindle (fig.17,18)
Always put the tool as low as possible on the spindle, to minimalize spindle flexing and
obtain higher quality work.
IMPORTANT!
Please take care that the top ring with the safety bolt is correctly fitted into the spindle
groove, to avoid the tools from loosening accidently.
- Put the corresponding Allen Key (1) onto the locking bolt of the arbor.
- Pull the locking lever (2) to the back and, at the same time, turn the arbor with the Allen
key until the locking pin (which is activated by the lever (2)) locks into the hole in the
spindle.
- Now loosen the top bolt and remove the spindle rings (3) according to the tool's thickness.
- Put the tool onto the arbor and put on the correct number of spindle rings. Make sure
the tool is set in the proper rotation direction. The spindle arbor should protrude +/- 10 mm
over the last ring, this to enable safe mounting of the top spindle ring.
- When the lever (2) is released, the locking of the spindle arbor is automatically disengaged.
- Always put the appropriate number of table insert rings around the spindle, to ensure a
smooth finish and also to avoid serious risk.
fig.17
fig.18
21
Adjusting the spindle height (fig. 18)
- Unlock the locking lever (4) by turning it to the left.
- Now the spindle arbor can be raised or lowered using the handwheel (5). Please note
that one turn equals 4 mm height adjustment of the arbor.
- After height adjustment always secure the spindle arbor by locking the lever (4) by turning it
to the right.
- When, after intensive use of the locking lever (4), it is no longer possible to lock this
lever, take off the nut (6) and remove the lever. Then turn it 1/6 to the left before
putting it back on again. Put the nut (6) back on and tighten it.
Handwheel and locking lever
Spindle arbor locking handle
fig.18
The spindle fence and woodpushers (fig. 19)
The spindle fence is fitted onto the table with two threaded knobs.
By loosening these two knobs, the complete fence can be slid to the front and back in the two
slots.
The fence plates should always be set as close as possible to the outer tool diameter. The
depth of the back fence can be set and adjusted with the knob (4). To align both fences a very
precise, straight edge should be held against the fences and the back fence alignment, adjusted
in such a way that there is no gap left between both fences.
Before starting any work always make sure that all knobs and clamps are correctly locked.
Never operate the spindle-moulder without using the woodpusher safety device or a
feeder.
Locking knobs
Fence adjuster knob
Fence plate
fig.19
22
Changing tools (fig.20)
To change tools, the whole pusher system can be cleared by flipping it over to the back of the
spindle fence.
- Simply push the horizontal rod of the woodpushers down a little and lift the cover plate up.
Now the system can be flipped over to the back. To put it back in place simply lift the cover
plate up again to clear it from the lock situated at the top, back side of the fence and push the
system to the front.
The cover plate will lock itself automatically and prevent the woodpushers from flipping over
to the back.
A feeder is the safest way to work with a spindle moulder. The spindle-moulder table can be
equiped with a table extension and a pivoting feeder support. These enable the user to clear
the table simply by pivoting the complete feeder under the table extension without having to
dismantle it each time when the saw or planer is used.
Lift cover plate to flip over to
the back
fig.20
Adjustments of the woodpushers (fig.21)
In order to operate the spindle in a safe way, some adjustments must be made on the
woodpushers.
- Adjustment of the fence plates as close as possible to the outer tool diameter.
- Adjustment of the horizontal pusher according to the width of the workpiece.
- Adjustment of the vertical pusher according to the height of the workpiece.
When both pushers are correctly adjusted, there is enough pressure exerted to hold
the workpiece against the fences.
The horizontal woodpusher is to be set in such a way that the push stick can be
used. Therefore, the screen of the horizontal pusher should not be set lower than 10 mm
above the table.
Woodpusher stick
Horizontal pusher
Vertical pusher
fig.21
23
Ring guard fence option (fig. 22 )
Warning: the use of a ring guard fence is obligatory when curved workpieces have to be
machined. The ring guard fence is made for tools with a maximum diameter of 120 -150-mm
and a spindle diameter of 30 mm.
Fence mounting knob
Locking knob
Cutting depth adjustment
Horizontal pusher
Guiding when using bearing
fig.22
Ring guard fence adjustments (fig. 23)
Normally the workpiece is machined with the tool mounted underneath the guiding template.
Before starting, check that the workpiece travel will not be blocked by any handle.
The wood is guided along the straight part of the template. The cutting depth is progressive,
with a maximum on the index of the template (that index is visible through the horizontal
pusher). The wood guide, connected to the fence, replaces the template when calibrating with
a bearing. The operator is obliged to use this guide which is delivered with the fence. It is thus
advisable to adjust the horizontal woodpusher height using the wood as a guide and to put it
as far to the front as possible.
- Adjust the ring guard fence in height in relation to the position of the tool and thickness of
the workpiece. Fix with the Allen key.
- Adjust the woodpusher protection in the horizontal and vertical direction in relation to the
thickness of the wood and the diameter of the tool (a slight pressure of the pusher on the
wood is needed). Lock well the 2 wingnuts and all locking knobs and bolts before starting the
work.
Cutting depth adjustment knob
Guiding template
Guiding template when using a
ball bearing guide instead of the
normal template
fig.23
24
Vertical and horizontal woodpusherprotection
Tenoning guard and table option (fig. 24)
For tenoning, a special guard is mounted on the table.
This guard allows tools up to 250 mm diameter and is mounted in the same fixing holes as
used for the spindle fence (2).
The front cover plate (3) is adjustable in height with 2 knobs (4) and has to be set as low as
possible to assure maximum coverage of the tool for maximum safety.
The 2 locking knobs assure the horizonal movement and protection of the tool. The tenoning
plate is fixed onto the sliding table and has to be set as close as possible to the tool.
The woodclamp assures the clamping of the workpiece and has to be set as
close as possible to the tool.
Locking knobs for vertical and horizontal
protection plate
Woodclamp
Tenoning table
fig.24
Tenoning fence
locking handles
25
Planer – Thicknesser – Mortiser
Warning:
1. Always make sure there is no tool left in the mortising chuck before starting up
the planer thicknesser.
2. Check very carefully whether the planer knives are well positioned and fastened.
If this is not the case, they will come off when the machine is started, and this could lead to
serious injuries for the operator and damage to the machine.
Changing and setting of the planer knives (fig.25)
- Unlock the bolts (1) in the wedge and remove the planer knives. Be carefull: even
blunt knives still cut !
- Remove the 3 wedges and clean the grooves inside the planer arbor. Take care of the
little springs (2) underneath the knives, and see to it that they do not stay blocked inside their
seats in the arbor.
- Never use planer knives which have less than 20 mm height.
- Put the cleaned planer knife (3) into the groove with the little adjustement gauge (4), but
first tighten the two extreme bolts (1) using this gauge as a hand cover.
Then tighten the remaining bolts.
- Before starting up the machine, ensure that all bolts are well tightened.
Planer table locking
lever
Planer table
adjustment knob
fig.24
fig.25
Adjustment of the planer tables (fig. 25)
The outfeed planer table has to be set at exactly the same height as the planer knives.
A simple way of checking the correct height of this outfeed table is to put a 100 % straight
piece of wood onto the outfeed table, just above the planer knives.
Ensure that the infeed table is set lower than the radius of the planer knives. Now turn the
planer arbor by hand and see if the planer knife touches the piece of wood or if there is any
gap between wood and table.
The outfeed table has to be raised or lowered accordingly. To do this, unlock the table locking
handle on the outfeed table and turn the adjustement knob until the wood touches the
planer knife or the gap between wood and table is eliminated.
Always check the correct setting when the locking handle is secured. Lock the outfeed table
with the nut on the adjustment.
Now the infeed table has to be set according the depth of cut wanted.
26
Planer fence (fig.26)
- The planer fence can be adjusted according to the width of the workpiece: unlock the
clamp handle and slide the fence to the front or back.
- After unlocking the clamping handle the fence can be set at 45В° and 90В°. The 90В° positive
stop and the 45В° positive stop which are put inside the pivoting support of the fence, are
factory set and need no adjustments.
- Always ensure the U-shaped bracket is mounted at the back cover plate of the fence and
locked in the hole in the spindle table, thus giving the fence extra stability.
Tilt-locking handle
Locking knob
U-shape bracket
fig.26
Planer protection (fig. 27,28)
The planer protection bridge can be adjusted in height parallel to the planer arbor and tables.
For surface planing the bridge has to be lowered so that the workpiece can be slid under the
protection bridge. Set the height with the adjustment knob, the workpiece is guided along
the planer fence. For planing the narrow side of a workpiece the protection bridge has to be
lowered to the table and has to be set according to the workpiece width.
Set the protection bridge with a minimal opening to the workpiece to ensure maximum
cover and safety. To clear the planer protection from the tables, unlock the handle and
swing the complete protection to the back.
Never work without this protection.
fig.27
fig.28
26
27
Thicknesser adjustment (fig.29)
The rise and fall of the thicknesser can be adjusted with the handwheel. One turn of the
handwheel equals 4 mm.
After setting the height, the thicknesser table has to be locked with the lever.
When after intensive use of the locking lever it is no longer possible to lock it, take off the nut
which holds the lever and remove the lever.
Then turn the lever 1/6 turn to the left and put it back on and tighten it again.
The table height cutting depht setting has to be adjusted in such way that there is always 1
mm minimum clearance between the top of the wood and the connection bar between the two
bearing houses.
Always ensure that the anti-kickback fingers are kept clean and hang down freely in position
under there own weight.
The feeding mechanism can be engaged sipmly by unlocking the lever and pulling it up.The
feeding trough speed is 6 m/min.
In case of overloading the feeding mechanism, the feed rollers must be disengaged
immediately by pushing down the lever.
Most likely the cutting depth setting is too big. Lower the table ВЅ turn with the handwheel
and start all over again
IMPORTANT
A smooth table surface is essential for good operation of the thicknesser.
Therefore the table should be cleaned and rubbed in with normal white paraffin wax regulary.
A roller support should be used when long workpieces have to be machined.
Feeding mechanism lever
Handwheel and
locking lever
fig.29
28
Putting the mortiser unit onto the frame (fig. 30)
- Clean both mounting surfaces (1.2)
- Slide the unit onto the two bolts (3).
- Make sure the table is mounted horizontally before tightening the two bolts (3).
Warning:
- Always make sure both the mortiser chuck and the planer arbor safety guards are in place
before starting work.
- Only use left hand drill bits and, whenever possible, short drills.
- Make sure the drill bit is fastened correctly.
- Make sure the workpiece is firmly secured onto the table with the woodclamp
- An adjustable workpiece support can be fitted onto the mortising table.
fig.30
Height adjustment (fig.31)
- After locking the height with the locking lever, the height adjustment is made with the
handwheel. One turn of this handwheel equals 4 mm in height.
- The mortiser is equiped with 2 levers who enable the table to move in 2 directions.
- The lever for the depth movement can be removed when machining large pieces. The
workpiece itself is then used as a lever.
The unit has an adjustable depth stop and two length stops to facilitate repitition hole boring.
- In case deep holes have to be drilled, it is recommended to drill in steps (each time 10 mm).
You will obtain far better results than when drilling the full depth in one step.
- When mortising, it is recommended to drill first two holes at the extremities of the mortise;
then drill the necessary holes next to one another at the correct depth and cut away the
remaining material.
Depth stop
fig.31
Handwheel
Locking handle
Length stop
29
Fixing the mortising chuck to the spindle (fig. 32)
Always ensure that both the spindle and chuck threads are absolutely clean before assembly.
Warning : the mortiser chuck has a left hand thread !
Put the chuck onto the spindle arbor upto the end and check if the V- groove (2) in the spindle
matches with the 2 holes in the chuck if not, the spindle thread will be damaged!
Introduce the 2 Allen screws (1) and tighten them well.
These press screws are needed to prevent the chuck from loosening.
fig.32
Planer arbor protection during mortising (fig. 33)
Warning:
Always put the planer protection bridge in position above the planer arbor. This prevents
accidental contact of the operator's hands with the planer arbor and knives during mortising.
Alternatively, slide the planer fence fully forward (covering the planer arbor with the planer
fence rear protection
fig.33
30
Maintenance
Attention: Always disconnect the machine from its power supply before starting all
maintenance works !!
The interior parts of the machine must be cleaned regulary in order to avoid an accumulation
of dust and woodchips.
Any possible deposit of resin on the various parts of the machine must be taken away with a
piece of cloth and a little solvent (petrol, kerosine or other product)
Never smoke or have any naked flame near the machine when using inflammable
products, this to prevent risk of fire and serious burns for the operator !!
After removing various parts and covers, all machine parts which need maintenance are
exposed.
The thread bars, columns of the thicknesser and mortser table and the spindle, and the drive
chains of the feeding mechanism must be cleaned on a monthly base using a thin oil such as
WD-40.
The use of a dust extractor system will most certainly extend the life of your machine.
The life of the motors can be extended by blowing out saw dust from the cooling fan and
from the motor body itself.
All bearings are double sealed and lubricated for life, therefore they need no maintenance.
Troubleshooting
The machine does not start when the start switch is activated:
- main switch off
- power supply failure
- emergency stop button activated
- main fuse blown
- overload activated due to motor overload
- fault in the electrical system or machine connection
- planer tables opened and dust chute thicknesser not in position
Reduction of speed when working:
- belt tension not correct
- motor overload due to incorrect feed speed
- blunt tools
Vibration of the tools mounted on the spindles:
- the tool is unbalanced : replace or have the balancing done by specialised personal and
equipment
Thermal overload does not re-arm automatically after shut-off and cooling down period:
- overload is not set for automatic reset, or the overload is faulty
if you cannot solve the problem yourself or you do not find your problem in this list, please
contact your Robland dealer.
31
Drive belt tension
(fig. 34, 35, 36)
Circular saw:
Remove the cover plate between the saw-and spindle table and tilt the saw unit to 30В° for
more easy access to the belts. By loosening the 4 bolts holding the motor to the cradle, the
belts can be tensioned by shifting the motor towards the spindle.
Type of belts: M38,5
Spindle unit:
Loosen the 2 bolts holding the motor to the column and pull the motor towards you in order to
tension the belts. (left bolt acts as hinge bolt)
Type of belts: M20
Planer-Thicknesser:
Loosen the 4 bolts holding the motor to the frame, and the motor, under it’s own weight will
tension the belts.
Type of belts three phase motor: SPZ 1412
Type of belts single phase motor: SPZ 1400
(fig. 35)
Planer-thicknesser belts
(fig. 34)
Drive chains
Saw belts
32
(fig. 36)
Changing speed and belt tension on the 4-speed spindle (fig 37, 38)
The machine is equipped with the optional 4 speed spindle, the speed at which the spindle
turns can be read both on the out-and inside of the machine.
This enables you at any time to see at which speed the spindle will be started-up.
After opening the machine rear access door the speed can be changed: first slide the sliding
table to the front thus clearing the accces to the belt spanner system.
Loosen the serrated handle by turning it anti-clock wise and to undo the belt.
When putting a new belt, always ensure the belt is well positionned into the corresponding
grooves of both pulleys.
Close the rear access door: when the door is left open, the machine can not be started-up
since the door is equipped witn a safety switch!
Tension the belt by turning the serrated handle in the clock wise direction. Make sure the
belt is not overtensioned, because this leads to damage of the bearings of both motor and
spindle arbor and will damage
the belt.
A correct tensioned belt should, when pushed in the middle between both pulleys with the
finger give way for about the thickness of the belt.
Check on a regular base the condition of the belt and, if necessary, replace it using only original Robland belt (partnr. N8224), belt type: SPZ-700 (9,5 x 700).
(fig. 37)
(fig. 38)
33
Electrical components spares list
Q1
F
F1/F2/F3
F4/F5
F6
T1
eb1
Au1
Au2
Au3
SE1
SE2
S1
K1
S5
M1
34
Main ON-OFF switch
N8443
Fuse holder
N8534
Fuses 10 A
N8552
Fuses transformer primary 1 A aM
N8554
Fuse Transformer secundary 2 A gl
N8518
Transformer 400/230/24 V 40 VA
N8470
Thermal overload single phase 230 V 2,2kW 7/11 Amp N8491
Thermal overload three phase 400 V 3 kW 5/8 Amp
N8475
Thermal overload three phase 400 V 3,7 kW 7/11 Amp N8491
Emergency STOP switch
N8498
Emergency STOP switch
N8498
Emergency STOP switch
N8498
Safety switch saw blade cover
N8506
Safety switch planer tables
N8506
START button motor
N8500
Magnetic starter 24 V
N8457
Selector switch
N8450
Saw motor single phase 230 V 2,2 kW
M0361
Saw motor three phase 400 V 3 kW
M0312
Saw motor three phase 400 V 3,7 kW
M0331
Planer motor single phase 230 V2,2 kW
M0361
Planer motor three phase 400 V 3 kW
M0312
Planer motor three phase 400 V 3,7 kW
M0331
Spindle motor single phase230 V 2,2 kW brake, 1 speed M1403
Spindle motor three phase 400 V 3 kW brake, 2 speeds M1417
Spindle motor three phase 400 V 3,7 kW brake, 2 speeds M0334
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
Option A4376 Heavy duty tenoning table
Ask your Robland dealer
54
Option A4376 Heavy duty tenoning table
Ask your Robland dealer
55
Option A4375
Ask your Robland dealer
56
Option A9995 Spindle collet
Ask your Robland dealer
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