Specifications of Building Construction (Civil) Works

Specifications of Building Construction (Civil) Works
Specifications of Building Construction (Civil) Works
1. General
The Work shall be carried out according to these Specifications whether specifically mentioned
elsewhere or not. No extra in any form will be paid unless it is definitely stated as an item in the Bill
of Quantities.
Whenever the Specifications are not given or when the Specifications are ambiguous, the relevant
Nepal Standards or Indian Standards and further amendments will be considered as final and
binding.
All Works shall be carried out simultaneously with electrical, plumbing, sanitary and other services
and in co-operation with the Contractors of the above services. The Work shall be carried on till it
is completed satisfactorily along with the completion of other essential services. The building
Contractor shall keep the other Contractors informed of the proposed program of Work, well in
advance, so that the building Work is not hindered. The Contractor shall further cooperate with
other Contractors in respect of any facility required by them e.g. making holes in shuttering for
sanitary, pipes, electric conduits, fan hook etc. However, no extra payment shall be admissible for
such reasonable assistance and facilities afforded to other Contractors and the building
Contractors shall be deemed to have taken these factors into consideration while quoting the
rates.
The Work shall be related to the drawings which the Contractor is presumed to have studied.
Nothing extra will be paid for any item because of its shape, location or other difficult
circumstances, even if the schedule makes no distinction, as long as the item is shown in the
drawings.
The sources of materials stated in the Specifications are those from which materials are generally
available. However, materials not conforming to Specifications shall be rejected even if they come
from the stated sources. The Contractor should satisfy himself that sufficient quantity of materials
of acceptable Specification is available form the stated or other sources.
The requirements of Specifications shall be fulfilled by the Contractor without extra charges i.e. the
item rates quoted shall be deemed to have taken these Specifications into account.
These are requirements the Contractor shall fulfil after the issue of Letter of Acceptance but before
the Date of Commencement.
1.1 Definitions
General:
Acceptable/Approved (Approval) - Acceptable to/approved by the Engineer.
Agreed - Agreed in writing.
As detailed - As detailed on the drawings.
Authorized/ordered/rejected - Authorized/ordered/rejected by the Engineer.
Designated - Shown on the drawings or otherwise specified by the Engineer or, in relation
to an item scheduled in the bid documents, descriptive of an item to be
priced by a bidder.
Indicated - Indicated in or reasonably to be inferred from the contract, or indicated in
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 1 writing by the Engineer.
Instructed/directed/permitted -Instructed/directed/ permitted by the Engineer.
Satisfactory - Capable of fulfilling or having fulfilled the intended function.
Service - Any pipeline, cable, duct etc. for conveying or transmitting any fluid or other
matter.
Submitted - Submitted with the tender or submitted to the Engineer, as appropriate.
Tolerances:
Deviation - The difference between the actual (i.e., measured) size or position and the
specified size or position.
Permissible deviation - The specified limit(s) of deviation.
Tolerance - The range between the limits within which a size or position must lie.
Measurement and Payment:
Bill/schedule - The bill/schedule of quantities.
Billed/scheduled rate - The unit rate or price entered in the bill/schedule at which the
Contractor undertakes to execute the particular work or to
provide the required material, article or service, or to do any or
all of these things, as set out in the item concerned.
Billed/scheduled - Listed in the bill/schedule of quantities.
Fixed charge - A charge for work that is executed without reference to time.
Method-related charge - The sum for an item inserted in the bill by the Contractor when
tendering, to cover items of work relating to his intended method
of executing the Works.
Time-related charge - A charge for work the cost of which, to the Employer, is varied in
proportion to the length of time taken to execute the particular item
scheduled.
Value-related charge - A charge that is directly proportional to the value of the contract.
1.2 Contractor’s Office & Accommodation
Various works defined under this item are for the provision and maintenance of the Contractor's
office, camps, stores, equipment yard, and workshops. The structure of the buildings shall be
adequate, rainproof, spacious, airy and hygienic with proper lighting and toilet facilities. The area
shall be kept neat and clean. Any garbage or sewage shall be disposed at a location and in a
manner approved by the Engineer.
Space allocated for storage of various materials such as cement, reinforcement steel, and
petroleum products etc. shall be clearly separated to avoid contamination.
Petroleum products shall be stored and handled in a way that avoids contamination of ground
water. Workshops shall be installed with oil and grease traps for the same purpose.
Written information shall be given to and approval taken from the Engineer regarding proper
establishment and maintenance of such camps. Failure in compliance with Engineer's instructions
in respect of overall standard will lead to reduction or withholding of any payment due to the
Contractor.
The Contractor shall provide at his own expense adequate temporary accommodation and toilet
facilities for his Workmen and keep the same in good conditions. This may `be done to suit Site
conditions with the approval of Project Engineer. The above mentioned temporary structures shall
be removed on the completion of Works at Contractor's own cost. All materials shall belong to the
Contractor.
The Contractor shall make his own arrangement for the supply of electric power and lighting as
Page 2 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) required for construction purpose.
The Contractor shall make his own arrangement for all internal and external telephones and other
communication means deemed necessary for the Works.
The Contractor shall make his own arrangement for office equipment and other consumable for his
use for the Works.
1.3 Office for Engineer
The contractor shall provide and maintain offices for the use of the Engineer and his staff if
provided in the contract
1.4 Safety Measures
The Contractor shall be responsible for safety of all workmen and other persons entering the
Works and shall at his own expense; where not stated otherwise take all measures, subject to the
Engineer's approval, necessary to ensure their safety. Such measures shall include but not be
limited to:
• Provision of safety and emergency regulations for fire, gas, and electric shock prevention,
together with rescue operation plan
• Safe control of flowing water
• Provision and maintenance of suitable lighting to provide adequate illumination at place of
work with appropriate spares and standby unit
• Provision and maintenance of safe, sound slings, pulleys, ropes, and other lifting device
• Provision of safe access to any part of the works.
• Provision of notices in local dialect temporarily or permanently during construction at
locations likely to be used by the public. Placement of such notices shall depend on the
existence of the nature of work in the vicinity. These notices shall be in addition to any
other statutory requirements demanded of the Contractor
The Contractor shall submit a proposal with detailed safety and emergency measures for the
Engineer's approval. When the proposal has been approved, English and Nepali version of the
regulations shall be made available to all of his Employees and the Engineer.
The Contractor shall ensure that all his Employees are fully conversant with the regulations,
emergency and rescue procedures etc. and shall enforce a rule that will instantly dismiss any
employee committing a serious breach of such regulations.
1.5 Notice Boards
The Contractor shall erect notice boards (1.2 m x 1.8 m) at the site giving details of the Contract in
the format and wordings directed by the Engineer. These boards shall be erected within 14 days
after the Contractor has been given the Possession of Site
The Contractor shall not erect any advertisement sign board on or along the work. The board shall
be removed by the Contractor by the end of the Defects Liability Period.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 3 2. Temporary Facilities:
2.1 Provision of Temporary Services
When the rehabilitation or replacement of existing public utilities requires their temporary
disconnection, the Contractor shall provide the affected users with temporary services in at least
the same standard as the original services. For water supply he may install temporary lines or
arrange for regular supply by tankers. When forced to disconnect existing sewers the Contractor
shall install temporary pipes of adequate size to carry off sewage from any private sewer facilities
cut off by construction work. Connections to temporary pipes shall be made immediately by the
Contractor upon cutting off the existing facility. No sewage shall be allowed to flow from any
severed facility upon the ground surface or into trench excavation. Pipes used in temporary
sewers may be plastic or approved flexible material.
Upon completion of work the Contractor shall replace all severed connections and restore to
operating order the existing sanitary facilities. The Contractor without approval of the Engineer
shall operate no valve or other controls in public service facilities. All users affected by such
operation shall be notified by the Contractor at least one hour before the operation and advised of
the probable time when service will be restored.
2.2 Protection of Adjoining Property
The Contractor shall control the movement of his crews and equipment on right-of-way including
access routes approved by the Engineer so as to minimize damage to crops and property and
shall endeavour to avoid marring the lands. Ruts and scars shall be obliterated and damage to
land shall be corrected and the land shall be restored as closely as possible to its original
conditions before final taking-over of the Works.
The Contractor shall be responsible directly to the Employer for any excessive or avoidable
damage to crops or lands resulting from his operations whether on lands adjacent to right-of-way
or on approved access road and deductions will be made from payment due to the Contractor to
cover the amount of such excessive or avoidable damage as determined by the Engineer.
2.3 Reinstatement upon Completion
Temporary facilities shall be provided by the Contractor, only for as long as required after which he
shall dismantle and remove the same from their place of use as speedily as possible. The
Contractor in his yard shall safely store re-usable components. The place of use shall be cleared
and reinstated immediately to at least the condition existing before the temporary facilities were
provided to the satisfaction of the Engineer.
2.4 Measurement and Payment
Unless otherwise provided in the contract, no separate measurement and/or payment shall be
made for all materials and works required under this clause. All costs in connection with the work
specified herein shall be considered to be included with other related items of the work in the BOQ
All provision of temporary services shall be covered by a provisional sum in the BOQ. The lump
sum amounts indicated in BOQ shall be paid in pro-rata basis by dividing the total amounts by
contract period in months. These payments will be incorporated in the interim certificates for
payment.
Page 4 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) 2.5 Publicly And Privately Owned Services
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If any privately owned service for water, electricity, drainage, etc., passing through the site
is affected by the works, the Contractor shall provide a satisfactory alternative service in
full working order to the satisfaction of the owner of the services and of the Engineer
before terminating the existing service.
Drawing and scheduling the affected services like water pipes, sewers, cables, etc. owned
by various authorities including Public Undertakings and Local Authorities included in the
contract documents shall be verified by the Contractor for the accuracy of the information
prior to the commencement of any work.
Notwithstanding the fact that the information on affected services may not be exhaustive,
the final position of these services within the works shall be supposed to have been
indicated based on the information furnished by different bodies and to the extent the
bodies are familiar with the final position. The Contractor must also allow for any effect of
these services and alternations upon the works and for arranging regular meetings with
the various bodies at the commencement of the contract and throughout the period of the
works in order to maintain the required co-ordination. During the period of the works, the
Contractor shall agree if the public utility bodies vary their decisions in the execution of
their proposals in terms of program and construction, provided that, in the opinion of the
Engineer, the Contractor has received reasonable notice thereof before the relevant
alterations are put in hand.
No clearance or alterations to the utility shall be carried out unless ordered by the
Engineer.
Any services affected by the works shall be restored immediately by the Contractor who
must also take all measures reasonably required by the various bodies to protect their
services and property during the progress of the works.
The Contractor may be required to carry out the removal or shifting of certain
services/utilities on specific orders from the Engineer for which payment shall be made to
him. Such works shall be taken up by the Contractor only after obtaining clearance from
the Engineer and ensuring adequate safety measures.
2.6 Insurance of works
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Insurance of Works
o The Contractor shall take out Insurance for the Works from approved
agency/institution staff if provided in the contract
o Payments made to the agency/institution and stamp charges/duties incurred if
any, by the contractor in compliance of the above work shall be paid from
Provisional Sum included for the item in the BOQ after submission of the
insurance document to the satisfaction of the Engineer.
Third Party Insurance
o The Contractor shall take out Third Party Insurance from an approved
agency/institution staff if provided in the contract
o Payments made to the agency/institution and stamp charges/duties incurred if
any, by the Contractor in compliance of the above work shall be paid from the
Provisional Sum included for the item in the BOQ after submission of the
documents to the satisfaction of the Engineer.
Insurance of Contractor's Workmen and Employees
o The Contractor shall insure against such liability as stipulated in Conditions of
Particular Application.
o The cost for works under this Sub-Clause shall be covered by the Contractor's
overhead included in unit rates of other items in the BOQ.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 5 2.7 Environmental Protection Works
The environment has been defined to mean surrounding area including human and natural
resources to be affected by execution and after completion of works.
The Contractor shall take all precautions for safeguarding the environment during the course of the
construction of the works. He shall abide by all prevalent laws, rules and regulations governing
pollution and environmental protection.
The Contractor shall prohibit employees from unauthorized use of explosives, poaching wildlife
and cutting trees. The Contractor shall be responsible for the action of his employees.
The Contractor is expected to arrange and execute the Works in such a way that existing
environmental conditions are not deteriorated. Borrow pits and dumping sites used by the
contractor shall be reinstated at his own cost by grass and/or tree plantation.
Written instruction/approval must be given to seek from the Engineer regarding protection and
reinstatement of environment throughout the Contract period. Failure in compliance with
Engineer's instructions in respect of overall standard will lead to reduction or withhold of payment.
Further, any serious deterioration in the environment including pollution attributable to Contractor
as determined by the Engineer, may result in deduction of actual expenditures incurred in their
reinstatement done through separate agency, from any money due to the Contractor.
Environmental protection works, among others, shall also include the following:
2.8 Borrow/Quarry Sites
The Engineer shall have the power to disallow the method of construction and/or the use of any
borrow/quarry area, if in his opinion, the stability and safety of the works or any adjacent structure
is endangered, or there is undue interference with the natural or artificial drainage, or the method
or use of the area will promote undue erosion.
All areas susceptible to erosion shall be protected as soon as possible either by temporary or
permanent drainage works. All necessary measures shall be taken to prevent concentration of
surface water and to avoid erosion and scouring of slopes and other areas. Any newly formed
channels shall be backfilled.
Borrows/quarries shall be located away from the population centres, drinking water intakes,
cultivable lands and drainage systems. The cutting of trees shall be minimized. Temporary ditches
and/or settling basins shall be dug to prevent erosion. The undesirable ponding of water shall be
prevented through temporary drains discharging to natural drainage channels.
Earthworks operations shall be strictly limited to the areas to be occupied by the permanent works
and approved borrow areas and quarries unless otherwise permitted by the Engineer. Due
provision shall be made for temporary drainage. Erosion and/or instability and/or sediment
deposition arising from earthwork operations not in accordance with the Specifications shall be
made good immediately by the Contractor.
The Contractor shall obtain the permission of the Engineer before opening up any borrows pits or
quarries. Such borrow pits and quarries may be prohibited or restricted in dimensions and depth
by the Engineer where:
(i) They might affect the stability or safety of the works or adjacent property;
(ii) They might interfere with natural or artificial drainage or irrigation;
Page 6 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) (iii) They may be environmentally unsuitable.
The Contractor shall not purchase or receive any borrow materials from private individuals unless
the source of such materials has been approved by the Engineer. At least 14 days before he
intends to commence opening up any approved borrow pit or quarry, the Contractor shall submit to
the Engineer his intended method of working and restoration. These shall include but not be
limited to:
2.9 Disposal of Spoil and Construction Waste
Materials in excess of the requirements for permanent works and unsuitable materials shall be
disposed off in locations and in the manner as agreed with the Engineer. The locations of disposal
sites shall be such as not to promote instability, destruction of properties and public service
systems. Exposed areas of such disposal sites shall be suitably dressed and be planted with
suitable vegetation.
The Contractor shall plan his works in such a way that there is no spillage of POL products to the
surface or sub-surface water.
2.10 Provision and Maintenance of Camps, Offices, Stores, Equipment Yards
Various works defined under this item are related to provision and maintenance of camps for work
person and employees, Contractor's site offices, stores equipment yards and workshops. These
camps must be adequate, rain-proof, spacious, airy and hygienic with proper lighting and materials
storage facilities. The area shall be kept neat and clean.
Space allocated for storage of materials such as cement, gabion wire, reinforcing wire etc. shall in
general be damp-free, rain-proof and away from petroleum products storage.
Permission may be granted by the Engineer to erect suitable camps within the right of way free of
charge, if such establishments do not cause obstructions to traffic, nuisance to works execution
and adverse effect to the environment.
Written information must be given to and approval be taken from the Engineer regarding proper
establishment and maintenance of such camps. Failure in compliance with Engineer's instruction
in respect of overall standard will lead to reduction or with holding of payment.
2.11 Provision and Maintenance of Toilets
Provision of toilets for labour and employees shall be made to avoid public nuisance as well as
pollution of water courses and air. The Contractor shall construct suitable septic tanks and/or soak
pits along with room of pit-type latrines. Sufficient water must be provided and maintained in the
toilets. Proper methods of sanitation and hygiene should be employed during the whole project
duration.
2.12 Provision of Potable Water
The Contractor shall supply potable water along with commencement of work to Contractor's staff
and work person both at camps and construction-sites. This arrangement shall be enforced to
avoid proliferation and generation of various water borne diseases.
The Contractor shall inform the Engineer regarding sources, installation and operation of supply of
potable water within a week after the supply is commenced.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 7 2.13 Provision of First Aid/Medical Facilities
Provision of first aid/medical facilities shall be made along with commencement of work to provide
quick medical service to injured/sick work person, and employees. Services shall also include onthe-way service and other arrangements required for taking them to the nearest hospital in case of
emergency.
The scope of work shall include service of at least one part-time experienced health worker/health
assistant with a minimum of once a week full time site visit as work assignment. The Contractor
shall also supply and provide adequate medicines and facilities required for standard first aid.
The Contractor shall inform the Engineer regarding the medical facility within a week after its
establishment and operation.
2.14 Hazardous Materials
The Contractor shall not store hazardous materials near water surfaces. The Contractor shall
provide protective clothing or appliances when it is necessary to use some hazardous substances.
High concentration of airborne dust resulting in deposition and damage to crops and water
resources shall be avoided. The Contractor shall take every precaution to control excessive noise
resulting in disruption to wildlife and human population.
Only controlled explosives methods shall be applied and used in construction works.
2.15 Reinstatement of Environment
The Contractor shall arrange and execute works as well as related activities in such a way that
environmental conditions are reinstated. He may be required to carry out filling, removal and
disposal works along with plantation of grass and trees as directed by the Engineer at his own
costs at identified locations to reinstate environment.
Written instruction/approval shall be given by/sought from the Engineer regarding reinstatement of
environment both during and after completion of works and up to the end of Defects Liability
Period.
Measurement and Payment
No separate measurement and payment shall be made for the works described in this Clause.
2.16 Survey And Setting Out
• During the period of Commencement of works the Contractor shall survey the construction
area and confirm the levels. He shall immediately notify the Engineer of any discrepancies
and shall agree with the Engineer any amended values to be used during the contract,
including replacements for any stations missing from the original stations.
• The Contractor shall check, replace and supplement as necessary the station points and
agree any revised or additional station details with the Engineer.
• All stations and reference points shall be clearly marked and protected to the satisfaction
of the Engineer.
• The Contractor shall establish working Bench Marks tied with reference stations soon after
taking possession of the site. The coordinates and the elevations of the reference stations
shall be obtained from the Engineer. The working Bench Marks shall be near all
major/medium structure sites. Regular checking of these Bench Marks shall be made and
Page 8 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) •
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adjustments, if any, got agreed with the Engineer and recorded.
The Contractor shall be responsible for the accurate establishment of the centrelines
based on the Drawing and data supplied. The centrelines shall be accurately referenced in
a manner satisfactory to the Engineer. A schedule of reference dimensions shall be
prepared and supplied by the Contractor to the Engineer.
The existing profile and cross-sections shall be taken jointly by the Engineer and the
Contractor. These shall form the basis for the measurements and payments. If in the
opinion of the Engineer, design modifications of the centrelines and/or grade are
advisable, the Engineer shall issue detailed instructions to the Contractor and the
Contractor shall perform modifications in the field, as required, and modify the levels on
the cross-sections accordingly.
2.18 As-Built Drawings
Such approved Working Drawings as have been selected by the Engineer shall be correctly
modified for inclusion in the As-Built Drawings incorporating such variations to the Works as have
been ordered and executed. Such drawings shall show the actual arrangement of all structures
and items of equipment installed under the Contract. The Contractor shall submit 1 (one)
reproducible copy and 3 (three) prints of all As-Built Drawings clearly named as such to the
Engineer for approval before applying for the Taking-Over Certificate for the respective Section of
the Works.
During the course of the Works, the Contractor shall maintain a fully detailed record of all changes
from the approval to facilitate easy and accurate preparation of the As-Built Drawing. Irrespective
of the other contractual prerequisites no Section of the Works will be considered substantially
completed until the Engineer has approved the respective As-Built Drawings.
2.19 Photographs
The Contractor shall supply negatives and un-mounted positive colour prints of photographs, of
such portions of the works in progress and completed, as may be directed by the Engineer. The
negatives and prints shall not be retouched. The negative of each photograph shall be the property
of the Employer and shall be delivered to the Engineer with prints. No prints from these negatives
shall be supplied to anyone without the written permission of the Engineer.
2.20 Supply Of Video Records
The work consists of taking video film of important activities of the work as directed by the
Engineer during the contract and editing them to a video film of playing time between 30 minutes
and 180 minutes as directed by the Engineer. It shall contain narration of activities in English
and/or Nepali by a competent narrator. The edition of the video film and the script shall be
approved by the Engineer. The video records shall be of acceptable quality and the film shall be
capable of producing colour pictures.
Measurement
The measurement for this item shall be by number of sets of edited master records supplied each
with four copies thereof.
Payment
The contract unit rate shall include all expenses for making video films with the help of a
professionally competent photographer, editing, narration and supplying the final edited master
record along with four copies thereof.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 9 3. Notes About Measurement And Payment
3.1 Measurement
Unless specified, all measurements shall be based on “Principals of Measurement (Int.) for works
of constructions." The tolerances specified in these Specifications are for evaluation of accuracies
only based on which the work shall be accepted or rejected. However, the measurement of the
work performed within the limits of tolerances shall be the measurement of actual work done in
place, if their dimensions are less than what have been specified or instructed by the Engineer. If
the actual work done in place is more than what has been specified or instructed by the Engineer,
but within the limit of tolerances, the measurement shall be the measurement of the work what has
been specified or instructed by the Engineer.
3.2 Payment
Unless specified in the contract, the contract unit rates and/or prices for items as set out in the Bill
of Quantities are the full and the final compensation to the Contractor for:
• Supply of all materials necessary to complete the item as per relevant specifications;
• Use of materials, labours, tools, equipment, machines and other resources as per need;
• All handling, packing charges and transportation;
• Cost of supervision, quality assurance, temporary and ancillary works;
• Site commissioning;
• Maintenance and making good;
• All duties and obligations as set out in the contract
• general works such as setting out, clearance of site before setting out and after completion of
works
• the preparation of detailed work program
• providing samples of various materials proposed to be used
• the detailed Design and Drawing of temporary works
• testing of materials
• any other details as required by the contract
• cost of all operations like storing, erection, moving into final position, etc. necessary to
complete and protect the work till handing over to the Employer;
• the cost for safeguarding the environment
• All incidental costs, not covered under above stated.
Where the Bill of Quantities does not include the items mentioned in this Section, no separate
payment shall be made for such works. The costs in connection with the execution of the works
specified herein shall be considered to be included in the related items of other works specified in
the Bill of Quantities or shall be considered to be incidental to the works specified. Items specified
in this Section and included in the Bill of Quantities shall be paid at the contract unit rates as
agreed and shown in the Bill of Quantities.
3.3 National Specifications
Certain Specifications issued by various national or other widely recognized bodies are referred to
in these Specifications. Such Specifications shall be defined and referred to as National
Specifications.
Page 10 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) The Contractor may propose that the materials and workmanship be defined in accordance with
the requirements of other equivalent National Specifications and he may execute the works in
accordance with such National Specifications as may be approved by the Engineer. A copy of the
National Specification, together with its translation into the English language if the National
Specification is in another language, shall be submitted to the Engineer along with the request for
its adoption.
In referring to National Specifications, the following abbreviations are used:
NS
Nepal Bureau of Standards and Metrology
IS
Indian Standards
ASTM
American Society of Testing and Materials
BS
British Standards
BSCP
British Standard Code of Practice
ISO
International Organization for Standardization
EN
European Norm
NFP
French Norm
Along with the commencement of the contract, the Contractor shall provide in his site office at
least one complete set of all National Specifications referred to in these Specifications, if they are
for the Sections applicable to the works. This set shall be made available for use by the Engineer.
3.4 Equivalency of Standards
Wherever reference is made in these Specifications to specific standards and codes to be met by
the materials, plant, and other supplies to be furnished, and work to be performed or tested, the
provisions of latest current edition or revision of relevant standards and codes in effect shall apply.
Other authoritative standards which ensure a substantially equal or higher performance than the
specified*,-standards and codes shall be accepted subject to the Engineer's prior review and
approval. Differences between the standards specified and the proposed alternative standards
shall be fully described by the Contractor and submitted to the Engineer at least 28 days prior to
the date when the Contractor desires the Engineer's approval. In the event that the Engineer
determines that such proposed deviations do not ensure substantially performance, the Contractor
shall comply with the standards and codes specified. No payment shall be made for adoption of
higher standards.
3.5 Units of Measurement, Abbreviations and Terminology:
Units of Measurement
The Symbols for units of measurement are used in these Specifications as they are given below.
M
micron = m x 10-6
mm
millimetre
m
meter
km
kilometre
sq. mm. or mm2
square millimetre
sq.m. or m2
square meter
sq. km. or km2
square kilometre
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 11 ha
hectare
cu. m. or m3
cubic meter
lit or I
litre
rad
radian
°C
degrees Celsius
kg
kilogram
g
gram = kgx10-3
mg
milligram = kg x 10-6
mg/l
milligram per litre
t
ton = kg x 103
kg/m3
kilogram per cubic meter
t/m3
N
ton per cubic meter
Newton
N/m2
Newton per square meter
Lin. m
Max
Min
Linear meter
Maximum
Minimum
ACV
Aggregate Crushing Value
BOQ
CR
dia
hr
LS
MC
MDD
Bill of Quantities
Crushing Ratio
Diameter
Hour
Linear Shrinkage
Moisture Content
Maximum Dry Density
min
no
No
OMC
OPC
PI
PL
PM
Minute
Number (units), as in 6 no.
Number (order) as in No 6
Optimum Moisture Content
Ordinary Portland Cement
Plasticity Index
Plastic Limit
Plasticity Modulus (PI x % passing 0.425 mm sieve)
POL
ROW
Petrol, Oil & Lubricant
Right of Way
SE
sec
SG
SI
Sand Equivalent
Second
Specific Gravity
International Standard Units of Measurements
Page 12 Symbols of other units, if not covered above,
shall be as per SI system set out in ISO 31/1.
Abbreviations
The following abbreviations are used in these
Specifications.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) SSS
Sodium Sulphate Soundness test, loss on 5 cycles
STV
TS
UC
UCS
VIM
w/c
wt
Standard Tar Viscosity
Tensile Strength
Uniformity Coefficient
Unconfined Compressive Strength
Voids in Mix
Water cement ratio
Weight
%
Percent
Terminology
The term "the Specifications" shall be construed as the Standard Specification and the Special
Specification all together.
6. Program
The Contractor shall provide all information needed for fulfilment of the program and required in
accordance with the Conditions of Contract including the sequence in which he intends to work
including implementation of quality assurance plan. If the Contractor requests a change in the
sequence and such change is approved by the Engineer, the Contractor shall have no claim as
per the Conditions of Contract for delay arising from such revisions to the program.
The program for the construction and completion of the works shall be established using
CPM/PERT techniques or equivalent. The program shall be detailed enough to give, in addition to
construction activities, detailed network activities for the submission and approval of materials,
procurement of critical materials and equipment, fabrication of special products/equipments if any
and their installation and testing, and for all activities of the Engineer that are likely to affect the
progress of work. The Contractor shall update all activities in accordance with the Conditions of
Contract on the basis of the decision taken at the periodic site review meetings or as directed by
the Engineer.
The program shall also include the Contractor's general requirements for any road closures to be
agreed in principle with the Engineer. Such agreement shall not relieve the Contractor of his
responsibility to obtain specific approval for each closure or series of closures.
Any proposal for night working shall also be stated in the program.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 13 7. QUALITY CONTROL
7.1 Scope
This Section covers the Quality Control System and procedures, Quality Assurance Plan, program
of tests, trials, and general procedures for acceptance as well as Laboratory arrangements and
related facilities which are required for the selection and control of the quality of materials and
workmanship.
7.2 Contractor Responsible For the Quality of the Works
All materials incorporated and all workmanship performed shall be strictly in conformity with the
requirements of the Specifications and the Contractor shall be responsible for the quality of the
works in the entire construction within the contract.
The Contractor shall provide, use and maintain on the Site, throughout the period of execution of
the contract, a Laboratory with adequate Laboratory equipment operated by competent staff for
carrying out tests required for the selection and control of the quality of materials and for the
control of workmanship in accordance with these Specifications. The list of Laboratory equipment
to be procured and Laboratory facilities to be provided shall be this specification. The Contractor
shall assume that tests shall be required on all materials to be used in the works and on all
finished works or part of works.
7.3 Quality Control System
The Quality Control System comprises the methods, procedures and organization for the Quality
Control of the works. The Contractor shall implement the Quality Control System in the following
sequences:
a) Compliant testing for materials including Laboratory trials,
b) Compliant testing for methods and equipment prior to the commencement of the work,
including site trials or trials sections,
c) Control testing during construction,
d) Acceptant testing on completed works or parts of the works.
The Contractor shall carry out all necessary tests and shall report to the Engineer the results of
such tests before submitting materials and/or finished works or part of works to the Engineer for
approval in accordance with this Specification. In certain circumstances, tests may be carried out
at the place of manufacture as per the Conditions of Contracts.
For satisfying himself about the quality of the works, quality control tests shall be conducted by the
Engineer himself or by any other agencies deemed fit by the Engineer. Additional tests may also
be conducted where in the opinion of the Engineer such tests are needed.
Before commencement of the work, the Contractor shall demonstrate a trial run of all construction
equipment for establishing their capability to achieve the laid down Specifications and tolerances
to the satisfaction of the Engineer.
The supply, testing and monitoring shall be in compliance with a Quality Assurance Plan and the
provisions in the contract.
Page 14 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) 7.4 Quality Assurance Plan
The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer for his approval, the Quality Assurance Plan (QAP)
which shall be based on the detailed Program of the Works.
The Quality Assurance Plan shall include the following:
(1)
The Quality Control Schedule Comprising of:
a)
The recapitulative test schedule and testing program detailing the list of tests for
compliance, Laboratory trials, site trials and trials Sections, construction control
tests and their frequencies, tests for acceptance of the completed works with their
dates.
b)
Recapitulative list of "critical" acceptance testing procedures, for equipment or
parts of the works which corresponds to the tasks on the Critical Path according to
the construction Program.
c)
Estimate of the number of tests to be carried out, list and number of appropriate
equipment to conduct them, list of tests to be conducted outside the site
Laboratory , if any, identification of the outside Laboratory where proposed to
carry out the test.
d)
List of staff assigned to the Laboratory, their position and responsibilities in the
quality control procedures, their qualification and experience, general description
and detailed organization of the Laboratory activities.
(2)
The list of sources of materials and/or of manufactured articles, their main characteristics,
their identification mode as provided by the supplier when required; the program of supply
and procurement of material and/or manufactured articles in accordance with the
Program.
(3)
The list of tests and quality control procedures to be implemented by the Sub-contractors,
if any, pointing out the "critical" acceptance testing procedures relating to the Subcontracted works, which correspond to the tasks on the Critical Path included in the Subcontracted works.
The Contractor shall implement the Quality Control in compliance with the approved QAP.
The Engineer's approval of the QAP shall not relieve the Contractor from his responsibility
of the quality of the Works as per the Conditions of Contract and these Specifications nor
shall the Engineer's approval of the QAP exempt the Contractor of any procedure to
inform the Engineer in writing or request for the Engineer's approval or re-approval as
specified in the Conditions of Contract and/or in these Specifications
The Contractor shall monitor and update the QAP on the basis of the decisions taken at
the periodic review meetings or as directed by the Engineer and in accordance with the
program of the works and the Conditions of Contract.
7.5 Testing Procedures And Set Of Tests
For ensuring the quality of the work, the materials and the workmanship shall be subjected to
testing in accordance with procedures, sets of tests and frequencies as specified in respective
Sections of these Specifications. The specified testing frequencies are not restrictive. The
Engineer shall direct for the tests to be carried out as frequently as deemed necessary that the
materials and workmanship comply with their Specifications.
Where no specific testing procedure is mentioned in the Specifications, the tests shall be carried
out as per the prevalent accepted engineering practice or directions of the Engineer.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 15 7.6 Laboratory Trials To Confirm Compliance With Specifications
Concrete
Laboratory trials for concrete mixes shall be carried out by the Contractor to demonstrate that the
composition of the mixes proposed for the concrete meets the requirements of the Specifications.
The compositions of concrete mixes which meet the specified requirements and are accepted by
the Engineer shall be then used in the site trials carried out.
7.6. Site Trials Or Trials Sections
7.6.1 Concrete
Site trials for concrete mixes shall be carried out by the Contractor to demonstrate the suitability of
his mixing equipment. During the site trials, compliance with the Specifications for weighing
equipment, storage of ingredients, means of transport for concrete, placing, compaction and curing
shall be checked by the Engineer.
During the site trial a full scale sequence including placing and compaction of concrete shall be
carried out on a part of the works which will represent particular difficulties due to the presence of
reinforcement, obstructions or others.
The Contractor shall allow in his program for conducting the site trials and for carrying out the
appropriate tests, including the time required to obtain compressive strength test results at 28
days. The Contractor shall inform in writing the Engineer at least two weeks before the date he
proposes to use the concrete mixes in the site trials with all relevant data including the trial
program, the results of the Laboratory trial tests for the proposed concrete mixes and compliance
tests results of all constituents i.e. cement, aggregates, water and admixtures, if any.
7.6.2. Other Works and Equipment
Site trials for Pre-stressed Concrete Works, Painting of Structural Steelwork etc. are detailed in the
relevant Sections of these Specifications.
Approval of the Engineer to a set of data recorded in a site trial shall not relieve the Contractor of
his responsibilities to comply with the requirements of these Specifications
7.6.3. Control Testing During Construction
Quality Control procedure are detailed in the relevant Sections of these Specifications
7.6.4. Acceptance Tests For Completed Works Or Part Of Works
Acceptance tests for other works and equipment are detailed in the relevant Sections of these
Specifications.
7.6.5. Recapitulative Schedule Of Tests
The tests to be carried out and their frequency for the quality control of the works are detailed in
the relevant Sections of these Specifications.
The following Table recapitulates the testing schedule for the main types of works.
Page 16 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) 7.6.6. Testing Schedule
Part or
component of
the works
Concrete
Materials
Tests
cement: acceptance tests:
Control tests: chemical composition physical
properties
aggregates:
acceptance tests:
Control tests:
Grading
Silt & clay content
Organic impurities
Chloride content, sulphate content, Alkali
reactivity
water, admixtures
Concrete • lab. Trials • site trials •
control tests compressive strength
Frequency
Conservative samples for
each supply and not less than
every 200t or part of it.
testing in case of non
compliance of the mixes or
storage on site for longer than 1
month
each delivery and every 100 t or
part of it for fine aggregate and
250 t or part of it for coarse
aggregate
As frequently as required.
early works: every 6 m3 of
each class. When compliance
is established: every 20 m3 or
part of it.
Reinforcement:
Brickworks for
structures
Materials mortar
Masonry for
structures
materials
Mortar
quality of bricks
quality of cement and sand
control tests compressive strength of
mortar
quality of cement and sand
control tests compressive strength of
mortar
dismantling of masonry (1 m_1 m)
as required
every 10 m3of brick work or
part of it.
as required
every 10m3 of masonry of part of
it
every 30m3 of masonry or part of
it
7.07. Contractor's Laboratory
(1)
Laboratory Building
The Contractor shall on his own make provide and maintain a site Laboratory. Such
Laboratory shall have a minimum total area of 60 m2 appropriately partitioned to house
various Laboratory instruments/equipment, office, store, and toilet. It shall have adequate
electrical connections (power plugs, switches) necessary to operate the equipment in the
Laboratory.The Laboratory shall either be any existing building at site, rented and modified
to suit the purpose or shall be a shed constructed of GI sheets and pipes/angles. The floor
of the Laboratory shall however be of 100 mm M15/20 concrete and the minimum height
2.7 m. The Contractor shall submit the design of the GI shed for approval of the Engineer
prior to its construction.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 17 Alternatively, it may also be constructed from shipping containers modified suitably to the
Engineer's satisfaction for the purpose.
This Laboratory shall be part of the Temporary Works and will be the property of the
Contractor on completion of the Works.
(2)
Measurement
Measurement for the provision of site Laboratory will be on a monthly basis.
(3)
Payment
Payment for work will be made on the basis of contract unit price indicated in the BOQ.
Payment for the works shall be full and final compensation for all material, labour, and
equipment (including land rent if any) to complete the works as specified.
7.08. Laboratory Equipment at Site
The equipment for the site Laboratory and field control tests shall be provided, installed, operated
and maintained by the Contractor. The equipment, material, chemical reagents may also be used
by the Engineer to conduct tests according to his Quality Check Plan. Testing frequency (both
Laboratory and field control) shall be developed in the Quality Assurance Plan of the Contractor
and Quality Check Plan of the Engineer. After the completion of the Works, the Laboratory
equipment shall become the property of the Contractor. Laboratory and field control equipment
anticipated for the Works are listed in following Tables.
Measurement and Payment
Measurement and Payments for the work will be made in relevant monthly statement on the basis
of lump sum price quoted in the BOQ. It shall be paid in the following manner:
-
50% after installation of the equipment in the site Laboratory to the satisfaction of the
Engineer and
the remaining 50% after 80% completion of the Works.
7.9. Laboratory Equipment/Field Control Testing Apparatus For Cement Masonry And
Concrete Works
S.No.
Designation
Quantity
1.
Slump Cone with Base and Graduated Tamping Rod
2 Sets
2.
Heavy Duty Concrete Cube Moulds, 150 mm cubes, with Base
12 Sets
3.
Concrete Cube Crushing (set) Machine with Spherically Seated Block
1 Set
and Platens for Mortar Test
4.
Mortar Flow Apparatus with Cone
2 Sets
5.
Vicat Apparatus
1 Set
6.
Standard Sieves for Aggregate
2 Sets
7.
Electric Oven
1 Set
7.10. Sampling and Testing of Material away From Site
Some tests on construction material shall be conducted periodically off the site at reputable
institutions in Kathmandu as directed by the Engineer.
The frequency of tests shall be developed in the Quality Assurance Plan that shall also prescribe
test results and reporting formats. However, some details on the tests are listed tentatively below.
Page 18 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) 7.11 List Of Tests To Be Conducted Off-Site Tests
(Locations subject to the approval of the Engineer)
S.No.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Description of Tests
UTM Tensile Test for Re-bar
Zinc Coating and Tensile test of GI wire
Los Angeles Abrasion Test for Aggregate
UTM tensile Test for Anchor Bar
Specific Gravity of Aggregates
The tests listed above are subject to the Contractor's Quality Assurance Plan approved by the
Engineer. The Engineer shall also determine the number of tests while executing the Works.
The Contractor shall keep records of all tests in a format approved by the Engineer. Two copies of
any test results shall be forwarded to the Engineer.
Measurement
Measurement of work under this Clause shall be in number of tests fully executed to the
satisfaction of the Engineer.
7.12. Payment
Payment will be made from the Provisional Sum set aside for the purpose and shall be full and
final compensation for all material, labour, and equipment to complete the works as specified.
7.13. Survey and Setting
All traverse stations and reference points shall be clearly marked and protected to the satisfaction
of the Engineer.
The Contractor shall provide the Engineer with all necessary assistance for checking the setting
out, agreement of levels and any other survey or measurement which the Engineer needs to carry
out in connection with the Works during the entire period of Contract. Such assistance shall
include:
-
Provision of suitably qualified surveyors to work under the direction of the Engineer as
required.
Provision of all necessary support for these surveyors including assistants, chainmen,
labour, survey equipment (thedolite, levels, etc.), hand tools, pegs, and other incidental
material.
The survey equipment shall be of the quality approved by the Engineer.
7.14 Use of the Contractor's Temporary Works
Unless otherwise specified under the Contract, the Contractor shall allow the Employer, the
Engineer or the Nominated Subcontractor the use of temporary access, crossings and other
Temporary Works at site insofar that such use is related with the Works.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 19 7.15. Day work
Day work shall mean provisional sum payable to the Contractor for works executed on a daily or
hourly basis as instructed in writing by the Engineer. This item is categorized in three groups
namely:
(i)
Labour
(ii)
Equipment
(iii)
Material
The Engineer however shall have the right to obtain further information on the rates and if
appropriate to negotiate changes in the rates or demand new prices for additional equipment, staff,
or material before or after the award of the Contract.
The Engineer shall have the right to calculate new prices for Day work on the basis of rate
analysis.
The hourly or daily rates of labour or equipment and the unit price for material submitted by the
Contractor shall deem to cover all expenses and shall be inclusive of overhead, taxes, and profit.
Non-working hours or idle time/down time of labour and equipment respectively shall not be
considered for payment.
7.16 Reports
The Contractor shall prepare and submit four copies of Progress Report on a monthly basis. The
Reports shall highlight the targeted and achieved progress, problems at site, and brief description
of the claims during the month and the Engineer's response, and other information relevant to the
Project. It shall be supplemented with necessary charts, tables, data, and at least 36 photographs.
On completion of the Works, the Contractor shall prepare and submit a Completion Report that
shall deal comprehensively on all aspects covered in the Monthly Report. Additional information
such as improvement in construction methods/techniques, lessons learnt from the Project,
important considerations for maintenance, etc. should also be highlighted.
7.17. Site Diary
The Contractor shall keep Site Diaries wherein full details of the work carried out during each day
shall be fully recorded. The diaries shall be available for inspection by the Engineer any time
during normal office hours. The Site Diaries shall include:
Weather Conditions, rainfall/snowfall, and river water level
Description, quantity, and location of work performed
Shifts and working hours
Number and category of workers working at site
Plant in use and idle, or broken down
Test carried out and results
Inspection carried out by the Engineer
Site instructions
Visitors
Accidents
7.18 Measurement and Payment
The cost for these works shall be covered by the Contractor's overhead included in unit rates of
other items in the BOQ.
Page 20 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) 8. MATERIALS AND TESTING OF MATERIALS
8.1 Quality Of Materials
The materials supplied and used in the works shall comply with the requirements of these
Specifications. They shall be new, except as provided elsewhere in the contract or permitted by
the Engineer in writing. The materials shall be manufactured, handled and used skilfully to ensure
completed works to comply with the contract.
8.2. Sources Of Materials
The use of any one kind or class of material from more than one source is prohibited, except by
written permission of the Engineer. Such permission, if granted, shall set forth the conditions under
which the change may be made. The sources or kinds of material shall not be changed without
written permission of the Engineer. If the product of any source proves unacceptable, the
Contractor shall make necessary arrangements for the supply of acceptable material. Any claims
for compensation associated with such arrangements or changes shall not be considered, unless
the source of the unacceptable material is designated in the contract as a source of material.
When any manufactured product, either new or used, is to be furnished by the Employer, the
location at which such material shall be delivered to the Contractor shall be designated in the
contract. In such cases, the Contractor shall haul the materials from the designated delivery point
to the point of use. The compensation for such hauling shall be included in the contract unit rate
for placing the materials in the finished work.
8.3. Inspection And Acceptance Of Materials
Final inspection and acceptance of materials shall be made only at the site of the work. The
Engineer reserves the right to sample, inspect, and test the materials throughout the duration of
the works and to reject any materials which are found to be unsatisfactory.
A preliminary inspection of materials may be made at the source for the convenience and
accommodation of the Contractor, but the presence of a representative of the Engineer shall not
relieve the Contractor of the responsibility of furnishing materials complying with their
Specifications.
The representative of the Engineer shall have free entry at all times to those parts of any plant
which concern production of the materials ordered.
8.4 Materials And Manufactured Articles
(1)
Order for Materials and Manufactured Articles
The Contractor shall, before placing any order for materials and manufactured articles for
incorporation in the Works, submit to the Engineer the names of the firms from whom he
proposes to obtain such materials and manufactured articles, giving for each firm a
description of the materials and manufactured articles to be supplied, their origin, the
manufacturer's specification, quality, weight, strength and other relevant details. The
Contractor shall submit the samples of such materials and manufactured articles when
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 21 requested by the Engineer and when appropriate, manufacturer's certificates of recent test
carried out on similar materials and manufactured articles shall also be submitted.
(2)
Storage
All materials and manufactured articles shall be stored on site in a manner acceptable to
the Engineer. The Contractor shall carefully protect all work, materials and manufactured
articles from the weather and vermin.
(3)
Test Certificates
When instructed by the Engineer, the Contractor shall submit to him all Test Certificates
from the suppliers/manufacturers of the materials and/or manufactured articles to be used
for the contract. Such certificates shall certify that the materials and/or manufactured
articles concerned have been tested in accordance with the requirements of these
Specifications. All Test results shall be enclosed along with such certificates. The
Contractor shall provide adequate means of identifying the materials and/or manufactured
articles delivered on the site with the corresponding certificates.
8.5. Defective Materials
All materials not conforming to the requirements of the contract shall be rejected whether in place
or not. They shall be removed immediately from the site unless otherwise permitted by the
Engineer. Even after rectification of the defects no rejected material shall be used in the work
unless approved by the Engineer in writing. Upon failure of the Contractor to comply promptly with
any order of the Engineer given under this Clause, the Engineer shall have authority to cause the
removal and replacement of rejected material and to deduct the cost thereof from any monies due
to the Contractor.
8.6. Trade Names And Alternatives
For convenience in designation in the contract, certain articles or materials to be incorporated in
the work may be designated under a trade name or the name of a manufacturer and his catalogue
information. The use of an alternative article or material which is of equal or better quality and of
the required characteristics for the purpose intended shall be permitted, subject to the following
requirements:
(1)
The proof as to the quality and suitability of alternatives shall be submitted by the
Contractor. He shall also furnish all information necessary as required by the Engineer.
The Engineer shall be the sole judge as to the quality and suitability of alternative articles
or materials and his decision shall be the final and binding upon the Contractor.
(2)
Whenever the specifications permit the substitution of a similar or equivalent material or
article, no tests or action relating to the approval of such substitute material shall be made
until the request for substitution is made in writing by the Contractor accompanied by
complete data as to the equality of the material or article proposed. Such request shall be
made well in advance to permit approval without delaying the work.
8.7. Foreign Materials
Materials which are manufactured, produced or fabricated outside Nepal shall be delivered at a
Page 22 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) point in Nepal as specified in the contract where they shall be retained for a sufficient time to
permit inspection, sampling, and testing. The Contractor shall not be entitled to an extension of
time for acts or events occurring outside Nepal and it shall be the Contractor's responsibility to
deliver materials obtained from outside Nepal to the point of delivery in Nepal. The Contractor shall
supply the facilities and arrange for testing required at his own cost. All testing by the Contractor
shall be subject to witnessing by the Engineer.
The Contractor shall furnish to the Engineer a "Certificate of Compliance" with the specifications
from the manufacturer, producer or fabricator of foreign material where required. In addition,
certified mill test reports clearly identifiable to the lot of material shall be furnished where required
in these Specifications or otherwise requested by the Engineer. Where structural materials
requiring mill test reports are obtained from foreign manufacturers, such materials shall be
furnished only from those foreign manufacturers who have previously established, to the
satisfaction of the Engineer, the sufficiency of their in-plant quality control, as deemed necessary
by the Engineer or his representative, to give satisfactory assurance of their ability to furnish
material uniformly and consistently in conformance with their Specifications. At the option of the
Engineer, such sufficiency shall be established whether by submission of detailed written proof
thereof or through in-plant inspection by the Engineer or his representative.
If the welding of steel for structural steel members or the casting and pre-stressing of pre-cast prestressed concrete members is to be performed outside of Nepal, the following requirements shall
apply:
(1)
Such fabrication shall be performed only within the plants and by fabricators who have
previously established, to the satisfaction of the Engineer, that they have the experience,
knowledge, trained manpower, quality control, equipment and other facilities required to
produce the quality and quantity of the work required. At the option of the Engineer,
prequalification of the plant and fabricator shall be established either by the submission of
detailed written proof thereof or through in-plant inspection by the Engineer or his
representative, or both.
(2)
The Contractor shall make written application to the Engineer for approval for such foreign
fabrication at the earliest possible time and in no case later than 60 calendar days in
advance of the planned start of fabrication. The application shall list the specific units or
portion of a work which shall be fabricated outside of Nepal.
(3)
The Contractor shall advise the Engineer, in writing, at least 20 calendar days in advance
of the actual start of any such foreign fabrication.
(4)
All documents pertaining to the contract, including but not limited to, correspondence,
tender documents, working drawings and data shall be written in the English/Nepali
language and all numerical data shall use the metric system of units of measurement.
8.8. Definition of General Types of Materials
The following definitions shall apply to materials in this Section and other relevant Sections.
(1)
(2)
"Topsoil" shall mean the top layer of soil that can support vegetation. It shall include all turf
acceptable for turfing.
"Suitable Material" shall comprise all that is acceptable in accordance with the contract for
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 23 use in the works {and which is capable of being compacted to form a stable fill having side
slopes as indicated in the Drawing. The material used in fill (except rock fill) shall not contain
rock fragments with dimensions of more than 75 mm.}
(3)
"Unsuitable Material" shall mean other than suitable material and shall include:
(a) Material from swamps, marshes or bogs;
(b) Peat, logs, stumps, perishable material, organic clays;
(c) Material susceptible to spontaneous combustion;
(d) Material in a frozen condition;
(e) Clay of liquid limit exceeding 70 and/or plasticity index exceeding 45.
Materials stated above in d), if otherwise suitable shall be classified suitable when
unfrozen.
(4)
"Well Graded Granular Material" consisting of gravel and/or sand shall conform to relevant
Clause.
(5)
"Rock fall", coarse alluvial material shall be loose soils such as moraines, debris, or
alluvial material containing large blocks or large boulders. Individual blocks or boulders of
hard materials greater than 0.3m3 each in volume, shall be classified as hard material.
(6)
"Hard Material" shall mean any material which conform to the requirements of relevant
Sub-clause.
8.9. Sieves
IS sieves shall be used for all tests. Based on IS-460 the standard sieves series shall be as
follows:
125; 90; 75; 63; 50; 45; 40; 37.5; 31.5; 25; 22.4; 20; 19; 16; 12.5; 11.2; 10; 9.5; 8; 6.3 ;5.6; 4.75;
4.00; 2.8; 2.36; 2; 1.7; 1.4; 1.18; 1; 0.85; 0.71; 0.6; 0.5; 0.425; 0.400; 0.300; 0.250; 0.212; 0.180;
0.150; 0.125; 0.090; 0.075 mm.
8.10. Soils And Gravels
8.10.1. Sampling and Samples
Sampling of soils and gravels shall be carried out as specified or as directed by the Engineer.
Samples shall be prepared for testing as indicated in IS 2720 part I, except that:
a) The mass (in g) of a sample required for sieve analysis is about 400D, D being the maximum
particle size (mm).
b) Sample containing particles larger than 19 mm size shall be prepared for compaction and CBR
tests as described hereunder, provided the proportion in weight of such particles is less than
30% :
An adequate quantity of representative material shall be sieved over the 50 mm and 19 mm sieve.
The material passing the 50 mm sieve and retained on the 19 mm sieve shall be weighed and
replaced with an equal mass of material passing the 19 mm sieve and retained on the 4.75 mm
sieve. The material for replacement shall be taken from the remaining portion of the main sample.
When preparing gravel samples, the aggregations of particles shall be broken with a wooden or
rubber hammer or pestle. Care shall be taken that no individual particles are crushed in the
operation.
Page 24 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) 8.10.2. Standard Methods of Testing
Tests on soils and gravels shall be performed in accordance with the standard methods given in
Table below:
Tests Procedures Applicable to Disturbed/Undistributed Samples of Soils and Gravels
Tests
Determination of:
i)
Moisture Content
ii)
Liquid Limit
IS 2720
IS 2720
iii)
iv)
v)
vi)
Plastic Limit
Plasticity Index
Linear Shrinkage
Specific
Gravity
of
Particles
Particle Size Distribution
IS 2720
IS 2720
IS 2720
IS 2720
Part 2 (Oven-drying method)
Part
5
(Cone
Penetrometer
Casagrande Apparatus)
Part 5
Part 5
Part 20
Part 3
IS 2720
Part 4
Organic Matter Content
Total Sulphate Content
pH Value
Mica Content
Density-Moisture Content
relationship
(2.5
kg
rammer)
Density-Moisture Content
relationship
(4.9
kg
rammer)
California Bearing Ratio
Sand Equivalent
IS 2720
IS 2720
IS 2720
IS 2720
Part 22 '
Part 27
Part 26 (Electrometric Method)
Manual mineralogical counting
Part 7
IS 2720
Part 8
IS 2720
IS 2720
Field Dry Density
Unconfined compression
test
Consolidation test
Direct shear test
Triaxial test
Hydrometer analysis
Vane shear test
IS 2720
IS2720
Part 16
Part 37 (Mechanical
Shaker method)
Part 28/Part 29
Part 10
IS2720
1S2720
IS2720
IS 2720
IS 2720
Part 15
Part 13
Part 11,12
Part 4
Part 30
vii)
viii)
ix)
x)
xi)
xii)
xiii)
xiv)
xv)
xvi)
xvii)
xviii)
xix)
xx)
xxi)
xxii)
Test procedure
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Shaker
or
or
by
Manual
Page 25 It is further specified that:
a) Wherever in the text of these Specifications and the Special Specification the term "x% of the
MDD (IS 2720 Part 27 or IS 2720 Part 28) is used it shall mean that a standard of compaction
shall be achieved such that the dry density of the compacted material is x% of the maximum
dry density determined from the respective tests mentioned in Table 6.4. Samples for the
compaction tests shall be taken before compaction of the layers begins unless in the opinion
of the Engineer the compactive effort proposed or applied by the Contractor is such that the
material characteristics have changed in which case the samples for the tests shall be taken
after all compaction is complete.
b) Compaction tests: when the material is susceptible to crushing during compaction, a separate
and new sample shall be used in the determination of each point on the moisture/density
curve.
c) The dry density of material placed in the works shall be determined by the Sand Replacement
Method unless the Engineer directs to use a nuclear method or other method. In the case of
nuclear method, tests shall be done at least at the same frequency required when using the
Sand Replacement Method, but at each nuclear densometer test location the average of three
readings taken at positions rotated by 90° shall be used. A check/comparison test using the
Sand Replacement Method shall be carried out at 10 test interval.
Initial calibration of the nuclear density testing equipment shall be done by carrying out at least fifty
tests in parallel with the Sand Replacement Method for each different material encountered. The
check tests shall be used to update the initial calibration of the nuclear density testing equipment.
8.11. Stone, Aggregate, Sand And Fillers
(1)
Sampling and Preparation of Samples
Sampling shall be carried out as per ASTM-D75 and the samples shall be prepared in
accordance with IS 2386 or according to sampling procedures specified for the Standard
Methods of testing given in following Table.'
(2)
Standards Methods of Testing
Tests on stone, aggregate, sand and filler shall be performed in accordance with the
standard procedures given in the following tables.
Tests Procedures Applicable to Stone Aggregate and Fillers'
Tests
Test Procedure
Determination of:
i)
Particle Size Distribution
(Gradation)
IS 2386
Parti
ii)
Clay, Silt, Dust in Aggregates
IS 2386
Part 2
iii)
Flakiness index
IS 2386
Part
iv)
Specific Gravity
IS 2386
Part 3
v)
Moisture Content
IS 2386
Part 3
vi)
Bulk Density, Voids & Bulking
IS 2386
Part 3
Page 26 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) vii)
Soluble Chloride Content
BS812
viii)
Mica Content
Manual mineralogical counting
ix)
Water Absorption
1S2386
x)
Crushing Ratio
xi)
Los Angeles Abrasion
Manual counting weighing
&
IS 2386
Part 4
xii)
AIV - ACV
IS 2386
Part 4
xiii)
Polished Stone Value
IS 2386
Part 4
xiv)
Degradability Test
NFP94-067
xv)
Sodium Sulphate Soundness
Alkali Aggregate Reactivity
Test
IS 2386
Part 5
IS 2386
Part 7
xvii) Deleterious Substances
xviii) Sand Equivalent
IS 2386
Part 2
IS 2720
Part 37
xix)
IS 2386
Part 4
xvi)
Crushing Strength of stone
Part 117
Part 3
8.12. Cement
Ordinary and High Strength Portland Cement (OPC and HSPC), Portland Slag Cement (PSC),
Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC) shall be sampled according to IS 3535 and tested according to
IS 4031.
Chemical and physical requirements for Ordinary Portland Cement, High Strength Portland
Cement, Portland Slag Cement and Portland Pozzolana Cement shall be in accordance with IS
269, IS 8112, IS 12269, IS 455, IS 1489 respectively.
The requirements on their physical characteristics shall be:
8.12.1. Requirements on the Physical Characteristics of Cement
S.N.
Physical characteristics
OPC/PSC HSPC
i) Fineness, m2/kg: (by Blaine's Air Permeability
225
225
method)
ii) Setting Time:
(a) Minimum Initial Setting Time (minutes)
45
45
(b) Maximum Final Setting Time (minutes)
600
600
iii)
Soundness by Lechatelier method, mm, maximum
iv)
Compressive Strength:
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) 10
10
Test Procedure
IS-4031 Part 2
IS 4031 Part 5
IS 4031 Part 3
IS 4031 Part 6
Page 27 Minimum Average Compressive Strength of three
mortar cube(N/mm2)
(a) 3 days
22
27
(b) 7 days
29
37
(c) 28 days
43
53
8.13. Lime
Limes shall be sampled and tested in accordance with BS 890 and shall comply with all
requirements specified therein.
Lime for treatment shall be Hydrated Calcium Lime or Quicklime and, unless otherwise specified,
shall comply with the requirements given in Table below:
8.13.1. Requirements of Lime for Treatment
S. No.
Characteristics
i)
Fineness Residue on 0.212 mm sieve Maximum Residue on 0.075 mm sieve –
Maximum
>i)
Chemical requirements Free lime content
- Minimum Hydrated lime content Maximum
Hydrated lime
Quicklime
1% 10%
10%
50%
50%
60% 5%
8.13.2. Lime Treated Materials
(1)
Sampling
Sampling and preparation of samples of lime treated material shall be carried out as
specified or as instructed by the Engineer except that:
Samples containing particles larger than 19 mm shall be prepared for compaction and
CBR tests. (The fraction coarser than 19 mm shall be replaced by an equal weight of
material passing through 19mm sieve and retained on 4.75 sieves).
(2)
Standard Methods of Testing
The tests on lime treated materials shall be performed in accordance with the Standard
methods:
Additional Tests Procedures Applicable to Lime Treated Materials
Page 28 Tests
Test Procedure
Determination of:
(i) Unconfined Compressive Strength (UCS)
(ii) Effect of immersion on UCS
(iii) Lime Content
BS1924-Part2
BS 1924 -Part 2
BS 1924-Part 2
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) 8.14. Concrete
Sampling and testing on concrete shall be carried out in accordance with the standard methods
given:.
8.14.1. Tests Procedures Applicable to Concrete
S.No.
Tests
Test Procedures
(i)
Determination of:
Air contents of fresh concrete
BS 1881-106
(ii)
Density of hardened concrete
BS 1881-114
(iii)
Compressive strength of concrete cubes
BS 1881-116
(iv)
Tensile splitting strength
BS 1881-117
(v)
Flexural strength
BS 1881-118
(vi)
Compressive strength of concrete cores
BS 1881-120
(vii)
(viii)
(ix)
(x)
(xi)
Water absorption
Mixing and sampling fresh concrete in laboratory
Normal curing of test specimens (20° C method)
Accelerated curing of test specimens
Making test cubes from fresh concrete
BS 1881-122
BS 1881-125
BS 1881-111
BS 1881-112
BS 1881-108
8.14.2. Non-destructive Tests Applicable to Concrete
S.No.
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)
(v)
(vi)
Tests
Method of testing hardened concrete for other than
strength
Guide to the use of non destructive methods of test for
hardened concrete
Recommendation for surface hardened testing by rebound
hammer
Recommendation for measurement of velocity of ultrasonic
pulses in concrete
Recommendation on the use of electromagnetic cover
meters
Recommendation for the assessment of concrete Strength
by near to surface tests.
References to Test
Procedures
BS 1881-5
BS 1881-201
BS 1881-202
BS 1881-203
BS 1881-204
BS 1881-207
The test specimens shall be cured at a temperature of 27°C ± 2°C. Water to be used in concrete
shall be tested as specified in BS 3148.
The total chloride content, expressed as chloride ion, arising from all ingredients in a mix including
cement, water and admixtures shall not exceed the following limits, expressed as a percentage of
the weight of cement in the mix :Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 29 For pre-stressed concrete, steam cured concrete or concrete containing sulphate resisting or
super-sulphated cement : 0.1 per cent
For any other reinforced concrete
: 0.4 per cent
The total sulphate content expressed as SO3 of all the ingredients in a mix including cement,
water and admixtures shall not exceed 0.4 per cent by weight of the aggregates or 4.0 per cent of
the weight of the cement in the mix, whichever is the lesser.
8.15. Reinforcing Steel
All reinforcement for use in the Works shall be tested in a Laboratory acceptable to the Engineer
and two copies of each test certificate shall be supplied to the Engineer. The sampling and
frequency of testing shall be as set out in the NS 84-2042 and NS 191-2045. In addition to the
testing requirements described above, the Contractor shall carry out additional testing as
instructed by the Engineer.
8.15.1. Testing Of Welds
(1)
The tests shall be carried out by the methods described in BS 709. The following
requirements shall also be met with.
(a)
General
In any respect the test results of welded joints shall not be inferior to the British Standard
test requirements for the parent material.
(b)
Procedure Trials
(i) Tensile and Bend Test
Should any one of the weld joint pieces selected for transverse tensile and
transverse and longitudinal bend test fail to comply with the requirements applicable
to the parent metal of the joint, 2 additional test pieces shall be taken from the joint
material represented by the test. Both the test pieces shall comply with the
requirements in order to qualify for the acceptance.
(ii) Charpy V-notch Tests
Should the average impact value obtained from any set of 3 Charpy V-notch tests
on specimens fail to comply with the requirements, 3 additional test pieces from the
same sample shall be tested. The average of the 6 test results shall comply with the
test requirements in order to qualify for acceptance.
(iii)Revised Procedures
In the event of failure to meet the requirements, the Contractor shall carry out further
trials, using revised procedures, and further tests to the satisfaction of the Engineer.
(c)
Production Tests
(i)
Page 30 Tensile and Bend Tests
Should any one of the weld joint test pieces selected for transverse tensile and
transverse bend tests fail to comply with the test requirements applicable to parent
metal of the joint represented by the test, additional specimens shall be taken
from the same production test plates and the test shall be repeated. Should any of
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) the additional tests fail to comply with the requirements, the joint shall be rejected.
(ii) Charpy V-notch Tests
Should the average impact value obtained from any set of 3 Charpy V-notch
specimens selected fail to comply with the test requirements, 3 additional test
pieces from the same production test plates shall be tested. Should the average of
the 6 results fail to comply with the test requirements the joint shall be rejected.
(iii) Re-welding and Re-Testing
In the event of failure to meet the test requirements the welded joint represented
by the tests shall be completely cut out. The joint shall then be re-welded and the
test repeated.
(iv)Non-destructive Testing
A method of non-destructive testing agreed with the Engineer shall be used for the
examination of butt welds in tension members.
8.16. Paints For Structural Steelwork
The Contractor shall submit the proposal to the Engineer about the paint system to be used in the
Works.
The system shall be defined at least by the following information, supported by the paint
manufacturer's data sheets:
• Type of system, composition of each component,
• Minimum thickness of each coat,
• Drying time at 10°C and 20°C within a range a relevant hygrometric conditions, including
handling conditions, minimum and maximum time of overlap,
• Type of painting method and thinner content, (airless spray, brush, roller etc.)
• Thinner type,
• Blending ratio,
• Maximum time limit of use, by 75% of relative humidity and for a relevant range of
temperature and hygrometric conditions,
• Ripening time for a relevant range of temperatures and at least for 20°C and 30°C.
• Weather conditions constraint for painting and drying, including minimum and maximum
ambient temperature and temperature of surfaces to be painted.
8.17. Bricks
Bricks shall conform to NS-1-2035 with the exceptions specified
8.18. Mortar
Mortar shall comply with relevant Sub-clause.
8.19. Reinforced Concrete Pipes
Reinforced concrete pipes shall comply with the requirements of NS 80-2042/IS 458:1988.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 31 8.20. Geo textiles
Geo textiles used shall be made of polyethylene or polypropylene or polyester or similar fibres,
either woven or non-woven. Unless otherwise shown on the Drawing, the geo textiles shall:
a) sustain a load of not less than 10 kN/m at break and have a minimum failure strain of 10
percent when determined in accordance with BS: 6906 or shall have a grab tensile
strength more than 0.4 kN/m and grab elongation corresponding to this limit in accordance
with ASTM D4632.
b) have apparent opening size as shown on the Drawing. If no size is shown on the Drawing,
then the apparent size shall be 0.1 mm.
c) allow water to flow through it at right angles to its principal plane, in either direction at a
rate of not less than 50 liters/sq.m./sec. under a constant head of 100 mm, determined in
accordance with BS: 6906 (Part 3) or ASTM D4491, unless otherwise shown on the
Drawing. The flow rate determined in the test shall be corrected to that applicable to a
temperature of 15°C using data on variation in viscosity of water with temperature
d) have a minimum puncture resistance of 200 N when determined in
ASTM D 4833.
accordance with
e) have a minimum tear resistance of 350 N when determined in accordance with ASTM D
4533. Geo textiles used for drilled sub-surface drains shall be as specified
Page 32 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) 9. CONCRETE WORK
9.1. Definitions
Structural concrete is any class of concrete which is used in reinforced, pre-stressed or unreinforced concrete construction which is subject to stress.
Non-structural concrete is composed of materials complying with the Specification but for which no
strength requirements are specified and which is used only for filling voids, blinding foundations
and similar purposes where it is not subjected to significant stress.
A pour refers to the operation of placing concrete into any mould, bay or formwork, etc. and also to
the volume which has to be filled. Pours in vertical succession are referred to as lifts.
9.2. Materials For Concrete
(1)
General
The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer full details of all materials which he proposes
to use for making concrete. No concrete shall be placed in the works until the Engineer
has approved the materials of which it is composed. Approved materials shall not
thereafter be altered or substituted by other materials without the consent of the Engineer.
(2)
Cement
Cement shall be free flowing and free of lumps. It shall be supplied in the manufacturer's
sealed unbroken bags or in bulk. Bagged cement shall be transported in vehicles provided
with effective means of ensuring that it is protected from the weather.
Bulk cement shall be transported in vehicles or in containers built and equipped for the
purpose.
Cement in bags shall be stored in a suitable weatherproof structure of which the interior
shall be dry and well ventilated at all times. The floor shall be raised above the
surrounding ground level not less than 30cm and shall be so constructed that no moisture
rises through it.
Each delivery of cement in bags shall be stacked together in one place. The bags shall be
closely stacked so as to reduce air circulation with min gap of 500mm from outside wall. If
pallets are used, they shall be constructed so that bags are not damaged during handling
and stacking. Stack of cement bags shall not exceed 8 bags in height. Different types of
cement in bags shall be clearly distinguished by visible markings and shall be stored in
separate stacks.
Cement from broken bags shall not be used in the works. Cement in bags shall be used in
the order in which it is delivered.
Bulk cement shall be stored in weather proof silos which shall bear a clear indication of the
type of cement contained in them. Different types of cement shall not be mixed in the
same silo.
The Contractor shall provide sufficient storage capacity on site to ensure that his
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 33 anticipated program of work is not interrupted due to lack of cement.
Cement which has become hardened or lumpy or fails to comply with the Specification in
any way shall be removed from the Site.
All cement for any one structure shall be from the same source as far as possible.
All cement used in the works shall be tested by the manufacturer. The manufacturer shall
provide the results of tests as given in following tables for each supply and for the last six
months of his production. The Contractor shall supply two copies of each certificate to the
Engineer.
9.2.2.1. Test Results For Chemical Composition Of Cement
Compounds
%
Lime
Silica
Alumina
Iron Oxide
Magnesia
Sulphur
Trioxide
Soda,
Potash
Mean
Min
Max.
Standard
deviation
Mean
Min
CaO
SiO2
AI2O3
Fe2O3
MgO
So3
Na2O,K2O
9.2.2.2. Test Results for Physical Properties of Cement
Characteristics
Requirements
Nominal
Max
St.
Dev.
Fineness, M2/KG : (by
225
Blaine's
Air Permeability Method)
Minimum Setting time (initial),
45
min
Maximum Setting time (final),
600
min
Soundness (by. Le Chatelie
10
method) mm, maximum
Minimum
Average
Compressive
Strength of three mortar
cubes,
(N/mm2)
3 days
27*
7 days
37*
28 days
53*
*denotes the requirements of High Strength Portland cement.
Each set of tests carried out by the manufacturer on samples taken from cement which is
subsequently delivered to site shall relate to no more than one day's output of each
cement plant.
Page 34 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) The Contractor shall constitute, from each delivery and each type of cement and not less
than one samples for every 200 tons or part of it, representative samples to be tested
when instructed by the Engineer in a laboratory acceptable to him, in case of the concrete
mixes do not comply with the requirements of this Specification.
Cement which is stored on site for longer than one month shall be tested in such
laboratory for every 200 tons or part thereof and at monthly intervals thereafter.
The Contractor shall keep full records of all data relevant to the manufacture, delivery;
testing and the cement used in the works and shall provide the Engineer with two copies
thereof.
(3)
Fine Aggregate
Fine aggregate shall be clean hard and durable and shall be natural sand, crushed gravel
sand or crushed rock sand complying with IS 383. AH the material shall pass through a
4.75 mm IS sieve and the grading shall be in accordance with IS 383. In order to achieve
an acceptable grading, it may be necessary to blend materials from more than one source.
The deviation from the initial fineness modulus shall be no more than ± 0.30 for ordinary
concrete and ± 0.20 for high quality concrete.
However, in respect of the presence of deleterious materials the fine aggregate shall not
contain iron pyrites, iron oxides, mica, shale, coal or other laminar soft or porous materials
or organic matter unless the Contractor can show by comparative tests on finished
concrete as per the direction of the Engineer, that the presence of such materials does not
affect the properties of the concrete.
(4)
Coarse Aggregate
Coarse aggregate shall be clean hard and durable crushed rock, crushed gravel or natural
gravel corresponding to the following classes:
Class A: Aggregate shall consist of crushed igneous or quartzite rock from an approved
source.
Class B: Aggregate shall consist of crushed quarry rock other than Class A from an
approved source.
Class C: Aggregate shall consist of natural or partly crushed gravel, pebbles obtained from
an approved gravel deposit. It may contain a quantity of material obtained from
crushing the oversize stone in the deposit provided such material is uniformly
mixed with the natural uncrushed particles.
Class D: Aggregate shall consist entirely of crushed gravel. The crushed gravel shall be
produced from material retained on a standard sieve having an opening at least
twice as large as the maximum size of aggregate particle specified.
Class E: Aggregate shall consist of an artificial mixture of any of the above classes of
aggregate the. The use of Class E aggregate and the relative proportions of the
constituent materials shall be approved by the Engineer.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 35 Coarse aggregate shall be supplied in the nominal size called for in the contract and shall
be of the grading as single sized aggregate or graded aggregate of nominal size 40 mm,
20 mm, 12.5 mm and 10 mm in accordance with IS 383.
Other properties shall be as set out below:
Flakiness Index: When tested in accordance with IS 2386 Part 1, the Flakiness Index of
the coarse aggregate shall be as set out hereunder:
For ordinary concrete
: not more than 25
For high quality concrete
: not more than 15
If the Flakiness Index of the coarse aggregate varies by more than five units from the
average value of the aggregate used in the approved trial mix, then a new set of trial
mixes shall be carried out if the workability of the mixes has been adversely affected by
such variation.
Water Absorption: The aggregate shall not have water absorption of more than 2 per
cent when tested as set out in IS 2386 Part 3.
Los Angeles Abrasion (LAA): The aggregate shall have LAA not more than 45% for
ordinary concrete, and not more than 35% for high quality concrete, when tested in
accordance with IS 2386 Part 4.
Aggregate Crushing Value (ACV): The aggregate shall have ACV not more than 30% for
pavement structure and not more than 45% for other structure when tested in accordance
with IS 2386 Part 4.
Alkali Aggregate Reactivity: The aggregate shall comply with IS 383/3.2 notes when
tested in accordance with IS 2386 Part 7.
(5)
Testing Aggregates
(a)
Acceptance Testing
The Contractor shall deliver to the Engineer samples containing not less than 50 kg of any
aggregate which he proposed to use in the works and shall supply such further samples
as the Engineer may require. Each sample shall be clearly labelled to show its origin and
shall be accompanied by all information called for in IS 2386 Part 1 to 8. Tests to
determine compliance of the aggregates shall be carried out by the Contractor in a
laboratory acceptable to the
Engineer, if the tested materials fail to comply with the Specification, further tests shall be
made in the presence of the Contractor and the Engineer. Acceptance of the material shall
be based on the results of such tests.
All the materials shall be accepted if the results of not less than three consecutive sets of
test executed in accordance with IS 2386 (Part 1-8) show compliance.
b)
Compliance Testing/Process Control Testing
The Contractor shall carry out routine testing of aggregates for compliance with the
Specification during the period that concrete is being produced for the works. The tests set
out below shall be performed on aggregates from each separate source on the basis of
one set of tests for each day on which aggregates are delivered to site provided that the
set of tests shall represent not more than 100 tons of fine aggregate and not more than
Page 36 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) 250 tons of coarse aggregate, and provided also that the aggregates are of uniform
quality.
Grading :
IS 2386 Part 1
Silt, Clay Contents and Organic Impurities:
IS 2386 Part 2
If the aggregate from any source is variable, the frequency of testing shall be increased as
instructed by the Engineer.
In addition to the above routine tests, the Contractor shall carry out the following tests at
the stated frequencies:
Chloride Content: As frequently as may be required to ensure that the proportion of
chlorides in the aggregates does not exceed the limit stated in the Specification. Sulphate
Content and Alkali Aggregate Reactivity; As frequently as may be required according to
the variability of sulphate content and alkali reactivity assessed from the laboratory tests
carried out during the concrete mix design.
(6)
Delivery and Storage of Aggregates
Aggregates shall be delivered to site in clean and suitable vehicles. Different type or sizes
of aggregates shall not be delivered in one vehicle.
Each type or size of aggregate shall be stored in a separate bin or compartment having a
base such that the contamination of aggregate is prevented. Dividing walls between bins
shall be substantial and continuous so that no mixing of types or sizes occurs.
The storage of aggregates shall be arranged in such a way that drying out in hot weather
is prevented in order to avoid sudden fluctuations in water content. Storage of fine
aggregates shall be arranged in such way that they can drain sufficiently before use in
order to prevent fluctuations in water content of the concrete.
(7)
Water for Concrete and Mortar
Water shall be clean and free from harmful matter and shall comply with the requirements
of IS 456.
Brackish water containing more than 1000 ppm chloride ion or 2000 ppm sulphate ion
shall not be used for mixing or curing concrete.
The Contractor shall carry out tests in compliance with IS 456 to establish compliance with
Specifications.
(8)
Admixtures
(a)
General
The use of admixtures in concrete may be required under the contract to promote special
properties in the finished concrete or may be proposed by the Contractor to assist him in
compliance with the Specification.
In all cases the Contractor shall submit to the Engineer full details of the admixture he
proposes to use and the manner in which he proposes to add it in the mix. The information
provided shall include:
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 37 (i)
The typical dosage, the method of dosing, and the detrimental effects of an excess or
deficiency in the dosage.
(ii)
The chemical names of the main active ingredients in the admixture.
(iii) Whether or not the admixture contains chlorides, and if so the chloride ion content
expressed as a percentage by weight of admixture.
(iv) Whether the admixture leads to the entrainment of air when used at the
manufacturer's recommended dosage, and if so the extent to which it does so.
(v)
Details of previous uses of the admixture in Nepal.
The chloride ion content of any admixture shall not exceed 1 per cent by weight of the
admixture nor 0.02 per cent by weight of the cement in the mix.
Admixtures shall not be mixed together without the consent of the Engineer.
Calcium chloride or admixtures containing calcium chloride shall not be used in prestressed concrete.
Admixtures may be supplied as liquid or as powder. They shall be stored in sealed and
undamaged containers in a dry, cool place. Admixtures shall be dispensed in liquid form
and dispensers shall be of sufficient capacity to measure at one time the full quantity
required for each batch.
(b)
Workability Agents
Workability agents shall comply with BS 5075 and shall not have any adverse effect on the
properties of the concrete.
9.3. The Design Of Concrete Mixes
(1)
Classes of Concrete
The classes of structural concrete to be used in the works shall be as shown on the
Drawing and designated in following Table, in which the class designation includes two
figures. The figures indicates the characteristic strength Fck at 28 days expressed in MPa
(N/mm2 ) and the second figure is the maximal nominal size of aggregate in the mix
expressed in millimetres. Letter M in the class designation stands for Mix, letters SM stand
for Special Mix.
Consistence of the mix, assessed through the Slump Test where the slump is measured in
millimetres, is designated as follows:
S: Stiff consistence, for slump < 40
P: Plastic consistence, for slump > 40 and < 90
VP: Very Plastic consistence, for slump >90 and < 150
F: Flowing consistence for slump > 150
Page 38 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) 9.3.1.1. Concrete Classes and Strength
Classes of
Consistence
concrete
M 10/75
M 10/40
M 15/20
M 15/40
M 20/20
M 20/40
M 25/20
M 25/40
(2)
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
Type of
uses
Ordinary
Ordinary
Ordinary
Ordinary
Ordinary
Ordinary
Ordinary
Ordinary
Characteri
stic
Strength
(fck)
MPa
(N/mm2)
10
10
15
15
20
20
25
25
Trial mixes
Minimal
Maximum
Target
Nominal Size
Strength
of Aggregate
fd=1.1fck
(mm)
MPa
(N/mm2)
75
11
40
11
20
16.5
40
16.5
20
22
40
22
20
27.5
40
27.5
Early works test cubes
Any one
result
Average of 3
(aver, of 3
consecutive
cubes)
results
MPa
MPa (N/mm2)
(N/mm2)
10
14
10
14
15
19
15
19
20
24
20
24
25
29
25
29
Design of Proposed Mixes
Concrete mixes shall comply with relevant Clause.
The Contractor shall design all the concrete mixes called for in the Drawing using the
ingredients which have been approved by the Engineer in compliance with the following
requirements:
(a)
The aggregate portion shall be well graded from the nominal maximum size of
stone down to the 150 micron size.
(b)
The cement content shall be such to achieve the strength called for but in any
case not less than the minimum necessary as shown in following Tables
(c)
The workability shall be consistent with ease of placing and proper compaction
having regard to the presence of reinforcement and other obstructions.
(d)
The water/cement ratio shall be the minimum consistent with adequate workability
but in any case not greater than 0.5 for classes of concrete from M20 to M50
taking due account of any water contained in the aggregates. The Contractor shall
take into account that this requirement may in certain cases require the inclusion
of a workability agent in the mix.
9.3.2.1. Minimum Cement Content
Classes of
Minimum cement content in kg per m concrete of compacted
concrete
Moderate
Intermediate
Severe exposure
exposure
exposure
M15/40, M15/20
150
200
225
M20/40, M20/20
250
300
325
M25/20, M25/40
300
325
350
Note: The minimum cement contents shown in the above table are required in order to achieve
impermeability and durability. In order to meet the strength requirements in the
Specification higher contents may be required.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 39 The categories applicable to the works are based on the factors listed hereunder:
Moderate exposure
: Surface sheltered from severe rain, buried concrete.
Intermediate exposure
: Surface exposed to severe rain; alternate wetting and drying;
traffic; corrosive fumes; heavy condensation.
Severe exposure
: Surface exposed to water having a pH of 4.5 or less,
groundwater containing sulphate.
(3)
Laboratory Trial Mixes
For each mix of concrete for which the Contractor has proposed a design, he shall prepare
the number of concrete batches specified hereunder:
Nominal composition
: 3 separate batches
Modified compositions, the quantities of other constituents being unchanged:
Water
:
+10% 1 batch
Water
:
-10% 1 batch
Cement
:
+15% 1 batch
Cement
:
-15% 1 batch
Samples shall be taken from each batch and the following action taken, all in accordance
with BS 1881:
(a)
The slump of the concrete shall be determined.
(b)
Six tests cubes shall be cast from each batch. In the case of concrete having a
maximum aggregate size of 20 mm, 150 mm cubes shall be used. In the case of
concrete containing lager aggregate, 200 mm cubes shall be used and in addition
any pieces of aggregate retained on a 50 mm IS sieve shall be removed from the
mixed concrete before casting the cubes.
(c)
The density of all the cubes shall be determined before the strength tests are
carried out.
(d)
All faces shall be perpendicular to each other.
(e)
Three cubes from each batch shall be tested for compressive strength at seven
days and the remaining three at 28 days.
For "Smaller Contracts works", the following compositions are suggested as a starting basis for the
Laboratory trials for one m3 of concrete:
Concrete
Class
Characteristic Cement
Strength N/mm (kg)
M 15/40-1
M 15/20
M 20/20
15
20
250 300
Total
aggregates
(kg)
1900
1875
Fine aggr./
Total Aggr.
(%)
35-45
35-45
Water
(max)
(lit.)
Workability
160
165170
StiffPlastic
Stiff
A "result" being the average strength of the three cubes from one batch, the average of the three
results from tests at 28 days for the nominal composition shall not be less than the Minimal Target
Strength shown in the Table.
One result from the modified compositions shall not be less than the nominal strength as shown on
Table above.
(4)
Site Trials
At least six weeks before commencing placement of concrete in the permanent works, site
trials shall be prepared for each class of concrete specified.
Page 40 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) For each mix of concrete for which the Contractor has proposed a design and successfully
tested in Laboratory , he shall prepare three separate batches specified hereunder using
the materials which have been approved for use in the works and the mixing plant which
he proposes to use for the works. The volume of each batch shall be the capacity of the
concrete mixer proposed for full production.
Samples shall be taken from each batch and the action taken. The average of the three
results of tests at 28 days shall not be less than the Minimal Target Strength.
The Contractor shall also carry out tests to determine the drying shrinkage of the concrete
unless otherwise directed by the Engineer.
Based on the results of the tests on the Laboratory trial and site trial mixes, the Contractor
shall submit full details of his proposals for mix design to the Engineer, including the type
and source of each ingredient, and the results of the tests on the trial mixes.
If the Engineer does not agree to a proposed concrete mix for any reason, the Contractor
shall amend his proposals and carry out further trial mixes. No mix shall be used in the
works without the written consent of the Engineer.
(5)
Quality Control of Concrete Production
(a)
Sampling
For each class of concrete in production at each plant for use in the works, samples of
concrete shall be taken at the point of mixing or of deposition as instructed by the
Engineer, all in accordance with the sampling procedures described in BS 1881 and with
the further requirements set out below.
Six 150 mm or 200 mm cubes as appropriate shall be made from each sample and shall
be cured and tested in accordance with BS 1881 three at seven days and the other three
at 28 days. Where information samples are required, such as for post-tensioning
operations, three additional cubes shall be made.
The minimum frequency of sampling of concrete of each grade shall be as following:
For 1-5 m3 quantity of work
1 no. of sample
For 5-20 m3 quantity of work
2 no. of sample
For 20 m3 and more quantity of work 3 no. of sample plus one additional for
each 20m3 or part thereof.
At least one sample shall be taken from each shifts of work.
Until compliance with the Specification has been established the frequency of sampling
shall be three times that stated above and not less than 3 samples/day for each class of
concrete in production at each plant or such lower frequency as may be instructed by the
Engineer.
(b) Testing
(i) The slump of the concrete shall be determined for each batch from which samples
are taken and in addition for other batches at the point of production and deposition
or at the frequency instructed by the Engineer. The slump of concrete in any batch
shall not differ from the value established by the trial mixes by more than 25 mm or
one third of the value whichever is the less.
(ii) The air content of air entrained concrete in any batch shall be within 1.5 times of the
required value and the average value of four consecutive measurements shall be
within the required value expressed as a percentage of the volume of freshly mixed
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 41 concrete.
(iii)Early Works: Until such time as sufficient test results are available to apply the
method of control described in (iv) below, the compressive strength of the concrete
at 28 days shall be such that no single result (average of 3 cubes) is less than the
characteristic strength fck as shown in Table under the Heading "early works test
cubes" and also that the average of three consecutive results is not less than fck +4
as shown in Table under the same heading.
The 7-day cube result may be used as an early strength indicator, at the discretion
of the Engineer.
(iv) When at least 20 consecutive results on tested batches are available for any class
of concrete mixed in any one plant, no single result shall be less than fck +4
(N/mm2) and also the average of any group of three consecutive results shall not be
less than fck+4 (N/mm2).
In addition the Coefficient of Variation shall be less than the figure given below:
Number of batches
After 20 tested batches After
50 tested batches
Maximum coefficient of variation
Ordinary concrete
High quality concrete
18%
15%
15%
12%
Where the Coefficient of Variation = (Standard Deviation of the results/Average
value of the result)
(v)
Failure to comply with Requirements:
If any one result in a group of three consecutive results is less than fck-4
(N/mm_), but the other results of group satisfy the strength requirement, then
only the batch from which the failed result was obtained shall be deemed not
to comply with the Specification.
If the average strength of the group is less than the strength requirement then
all the batches between those represented by the first and the last result shall
be deemed not to comply with the Specification, and the Contractor shall
immediately adjust the production procedure or the mix design subject to the
agreement of the Engineer to restore compliance with the Specification.
The Contractor shall take necessary action to remedy concrete which does
not comply with this Specification. Such action may include but not
necessarily confined to the following :
• Increasing the frequency of sampling until control is again established.
• Carrying out non destructive testing such as ultrasonic measurements,
load tests or other appropriate methods,
• Cutting test cores from the concrete and testing in accordance with BS
1881
• Carrying out strengthening or other remedial work to the concrete where
possible or appropriate.
• Removing the concrete.
• Accepting as sub standard
Page 42 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) 10. WOOD WORK
10.1. Quality:
Generally the timber shall be Sal wood unless otherwise stated of the best quality obtained from
an approved saw mill. Timber for carpentry shall be straight and free from twist, sapwood, shakes,
dead and loose knots, worm holes, other holes, signs of decay and other defects, and seasoned
and shall comply with the requirements of IS 883-1994 All the timber shall be seasoned and free
from decay, harmful fungi and insect attacks and from any other damage of harmful nature which
will affect the strength, durability, appearance or its usefulness for the purpose for which it is
required. The minimum compressive strength of the timber shall be 70 kg/cm2.
10.2. Kind:
The timber shall be best quality timber as specified in the item. The samples of the approved
timber to be used shall be deposited in the office of Engineer for the purpose of comparison.
Colour:
The Colour shall be uniform as far as possible, the darkness of colour amongst colour species of
timber being generally a sign of strength and durability.
Moisture:
The natural moisture content of any untreated timber delivered to site shall not exceed those as
recommended by IS 287-1993. All timber shall be seasoned to moisture content of not more than
22% for frames and 15% for shutter. The contractor’s price must include for any kiln drying that
may be necessary to achieve these figures
Stacking:
As soon as the foundation of building are laid all necessary timber, scantling shall be brought to
the site and stacked as laid down in IS 401 - 1967 till required. All timber of assembled woodwork
shall be protected from the weather and stored in such a way as to prevent attack by termites,
insects or decay fungi for which temporary shed shall be built. All timber shall be stored at least
750mm above ground level or more, if deemed necessary and individual members shall be
separated by strips so that air may circulate around all four sides.
Timber for the work shall not be brought to the site of work until the sample and approved by the
Engineer who may reject the defective timber/timber works. Any effort like plugging, painting, using
any adhesive or resinous material to hide defect shall render the pieces, rejectable by the
Engineer. Timber presented for inspection shall clean and free from dust, mud, paint or other
material, which may conceal the defects. Cut-off ends for protection can be done after inspection
with raw linseed oil or any other materials approved by the Engineer. No timber be painted, tarred
or oiled primed without the previous permission of the Engineer.
10.3. Sawing:
All beams and scantling shall be sawed straight lines, planes and of uniform thickness with full
measurement from end to end and shall be swan along grain and under no condition beams,
rafters, wall plates, blocks etc. shall be sawed across grain. They shall be sawn with such
sufficient margin as to secure specified dimensions, lines and planes after being brought and
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 43 dressed.
All wood work except door/window frames or ceiling shall be painted with two coats of creosote
confirming to IS 218 1952. Any timber rejected shall at once be removed from the site. The
contractor shall be responsible up to the end of the maintenance period for executing at his own
cost all work necessary to eradicate insect attack of timber which becomes evident, including the
replacement of timber attached or suspected of being attacked, not with standing that the timber
concerned may have already been inspected and passed as fit to use before.
10.4. Hardware
Hardware shall consist of bolts, with the necessary nuts and washers, timber connectors, drift pins,
dowels, nails, screw nails, coach bolts, spikes and other metal fasteners. They shall be galvanized
or un-galvanized as specified. Bolts, nuts and washers shall be mild steel and comply with IS
1363-1992. Drift Pins and dowels shall be mild steel. Nails shall comply with IS 723-1972. Screw
nails and screws shall comply with IS 451-1972/IS 2585-1968. Coach bolts shall comply with IS
2609-1972. Spikes and other metal fastenings shall be of mild steel.
10.5. Holdfast
All panels except where specified in the drawing shall be fitted with frames having steel double
breasted butt hinges. Window frames shall have three 7.5cm / 2.00 mm thick hinges on each
panel whereas the size of hinges for door panels shall be as follows:
Width of panels (up to 75cm)
: 10cm double breasted butt hinge, 2.00mm thick, 3 nos.
Width of panels exceeding 75cm : 12.5cm double breasts butt hinges, 2.25mm thick, 3 nos.
Following shall be the size of the screw:
For 7.5cm hinges
:
25mm long No. 8
For 10cm hinges
:
30mm long No. 9
For 12.5cm hinges
:
45mm long No. 10
Above No. refers to Nettlefolds or equivalent screws only.
Doors shall be fitted with double-action automatic hydraulic door closers wherever instructed.
10.6. Tower Bolt
All tower bolts shall be of aluminium with bolt casted monolithic with the handle. Following shall be
size of the tower bolt.
Windows Panels 15cm top and bottom
Door
15cm top
15cm bottom (wherever necessary)
All screws shall be of Nettlefold or equivalent suitable lengths and diameter.
10.7. Handles
All doors shall be provided with handle on both sides and all windows with handles on the inner
side only. Door handled shall be minimum 15cm clear inside and window handle 10cm clear.
All doors shall be fitted with mortise lock of heavy quality, preferably of aluminium.
Page 44 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Note
A sample of hardware (tower bolts, handles, hinges, catch and allotrope and screws) will be
displayed at the site at Project Engineer's office as the sample of desired quality and design. The
Contractor shall submit samples of hardware in writing to Project Engineer for approval.
10.8. Construction
When ventilator is provided above the door, full length, of the vertical post shall be provided. Joints
in the frame vertical style or horizontal rail shall not be allowed .The unrelated edges of the frame
in the opening shall be rounded or beaded uniformly.
The rebate and the plaster key grooves shall be provided as shown in the drawing. Vertical part of
the frame shall be embedded at least 30 mm in the masonry or concrete or flooring. Hold fasts
shall be provide as specified and any adjustment of spacing necessary shall be erected in position
and held in plumb with proper supports from both sides and built in masonry as it is being built.
The Work shall be as per the drawing .the timber shall be properly planned wrought and dressed
in a workmanship manner.
All joinery work shall be securely mortised and tenoned and glued with best quality waterproof
glue. All sections and dimensions are to be as shown on drawings. For all joinery work, use of
nails shall not be permitted. Wood screws of appropriate size and of approved make shall be used.
Wherever practicable, means of fastening the various parts together shall be concealed. All work
(both carpentry and joinery) shall be to the dimensions shown on the drawings.
The rate of woodwork shall include the cost of all sawing, planning, joining, bolts, nails, spikes,
keys wedges, pins, screw etc. necessary for the framing and fixing. Joints and portions inserted in
masonry or floor shall be allowed for in the measurement. Plugging in of holes for hold fasts shall
be done in neat manner. Any defects observed after installation shall be rejected. Sample of
workmanship shall be submitted for approval.
10.9. Timber Preservation
When described in the contract or shown on the Drawing timber shall be treated with preservative
in accordance with the Indian Standard Code of Practice for the preservation of timber IS 4011982.
10.10. Insect Damage
All timber shall be free from live barer beetle or other insect attack when brought upon the Site.
The Contractor shall be responsible to the end of the maintenance period for executing at his own
cost all Work necessary to eradicate insect attack of timber which becomes evident, including the
replacement of timber attached or suspected of being attacked, not with standing that the timber
concerned may have already been inspected and passed as fit for use.
10.11. Seasoning of Timber
All timber shall be seasoned to a moisture content of not more than 22% for carpentry and 15% for
joinery. The Contractor's price must include for any kiln drying that may be necessary to achieve
these figures.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 45 10.12. Inspection and Testing
The Project Engineer shall be given facilities for inspection of all works in progress whether in
Workshop or on Site. All timber as it arrives on the Site and not approved by them must be
removed forthwith, failing which the Employer, with the advise of the Project Engineer, may
arrange for the removal of the rejects and impose of them as they may consider advisable at the
Contractor's expenses.
Notwithstanding approval having been given as above, any timber incorporated in the Works found
to be in any way defective before the expiry of the maintenance period shall be removed and
renewed at the Contractor's expense. The Contractor is to allow for testing or prototypes of special
construction units and the Project Engineer shall be at liberty to select any samples they may
require for the purpose of testing i.e. for moisture content, or identification of species, strength, etc.
Where timbers need to be extended into a wall, they shall be thoroughly "Brush Treated" with a
wood preservative approved by the Project Engineer, and as much clear air space maintained
around the timber where it adjoins the wall as possible.
10.13. Clearing Up
The Contractor is to clear out and destroy or remove all cut and shavings and other wood waste
from all parts of the building and the Site generally, as the work progress and at the conclusion of
the work.
10.14. Galvanizing
When described in the contract or shown on the Drawing, all hardware shall be galvanized in
accordance with the Indian Standard Recommended Practice for Hot-Dip Galvanizing of Iron
10.15. Carpentry and Joinery
10.15.1. Carpentry
All carpentry shall be executed with workmanship of the best quality. Scantlings and boarding shall
be accurately sawn and shall be of uniform width and thickness throughout. All carpenter's work
shall be left with sawn surface except where particularly specified to be wrought.
All carpenter's work shall be accurately set out in strict accordance with the drawings and shall be
framed together and securely fixed in best possible manner with properly made joints. All
necessary brads, nails and screws, etc. shall be provided as directed and approved.
Actual dimensions of scantlings for carpentry shall not vary from the specified dimensions by more
than 3mm in deficiency or excess but must be uniform throughout. Boards 25mm thick or less shall
hold up to the specified sizes. All timbers shall be as long as possible and practicable, in order to
eliminate joints.
10.15.2. Joinery
Generally all joiner's work shall be accurately set out on boards to full size for the information and
guidance of the artisans before commencing the respective works, with all joints, iron work and
Page 46 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) other works connected therewith fully delineated. Such setting out must be submitted to the
Project Engineer and approved before such respective works are commenced.
All jointer's work shall be cut out and framed together as soon after the commencement of the
building as is practicable, but is not to be wedged up or glued until the building is ready for fixing
same. Any portions that warp wind or develop shakes or other defects within twelve months after
completion of the works shall be removed and new fixed in their place on Contractor's own
expense.
All work shall be properly mortised, tennoned, housed, shouldered, dovetailed, notched, wedged,
pinned, braided, etc., as directed and to the satisfaction of the Project Engineer and all properly
glued up with the best quality approved glue.
Joints in joinery must be as specified or detailed, and so designed and secured as to resist or
compensate for any stresses to which they may be subjected. All nails, springs, etc. are to be
punched and puttied. Loose joints are to be made where provision must be made for shrinkage,
glued joints where shrinkage need not be considered and where sealed joints are required. Glue
for load-bearing joints or where there is damp conditions must be of the resin type. For non-loadbearing joints or where dry conditions may be guaranteed casein or organic glues may be used.
Where Joinery work is specified to be built in, it shall be the responsibility of the contractor to
ensure that the joinery works are set to plumb and true and shall not be damaged or displaced by
subsequent operations. The contractor shall also provide and secure suitable anchors or other
fixings as per drawings and details.
All exposed surfaces of joinery Work shall be wrought and all arises "eased-off" by planning and
sand papering to an approved finish suitable to the specified treatment.
Dimensions
Joinery shall hold up to the specified sizes and as measured.
10.15.3. Fixing Joinery
All beads, fillets and small members shall be fixed with round or oval brads on nails on nails well
punched in and stopped. All large members shall be fixed with screws; the heads let in and
palliated to match the grain. Unless otherwise specified, plugs of external work shall be of
hardwood, plugs for internal work may be of softwood. Holes for plugging must be made with a
proper drilling tool and the holes completely filled with the plugging material.
Unless otherwise specified all skirting, window, grounds and backings for same, fillets etc. shall be
plugged at intervals not exceeding 60cm.
10.15.4. Budding Joiner
All door and window frames, sills, wooden bars etc., which are fixed to brickwork, concrete by
means of grounds, lugs, etc., shall be bedded solid in mortar as previously described and pointed
with a recessed joint 6mm deep to the approval of the Project Engineer.
Plywood’s, Blackboards, Chipboards etc., shall be of a standard quality. They shall be bonded with
synthetic resin or "interior" type unless otherwise stated. Where stated to be "exterior" type, they
shall be weatherproof. All exposed edges of blackboard and clipboard shall be lipped with
hardwood as described below.
Samples of all such materials and their source of manufacture must be approved by the Project
Engineer before used in the works.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 47 10.16. Plastic Sheeting
Shall be approved laminated sheeting 1.5mm thick, securely fixed by means of Aerodux 185
adhesive, and in colours approved by the Project Engineer.
10.17. Ironmongery
All locks and Ironmongery shall be fixed with screws, etc., to match. Before the woodwork is
painted, handles shall be removed, carefully stored and re-fixed after completion of painting and
locks oiled and left in perfect working order.
Prices for fixing locks must include for organizing master-keying systems if required and all keys
shall be labeled with door references marked on approved labels before handling the Project
Engineer on completion.
10.18. Protection of Work
The contractor shall be responsible for the temporary doors and closing in openings necessary for
the protection of the work during progress. He shall also provide and maintain any other temporary
covering required for the protection of finished woodwork that may be damaged during the
progress of the work if left unprotected.
Page 48 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) 11. DETAILED SPECIFICATIONS OF BUILDING WORKS (CIVIL)
item
Particulars
Detailed Specification
11. A. Site Preparation Works
General
A1
Tree cutting
All material from site clearance shall be the property of the
Employer and depending on its nature shall, as directed by the
Engineer, be either
a. Stockpiled for future reuse.
b. disposed by controlled burning.
c disposed by tipping or side casting with all lift within 30m.
Topsoil, referred to in this Clause shall mean the top 100 mm layer
of soil with roots and organic matter, which is capable of vegetation
support.
Measurement
Clearing and grubbing executed as per this Specification shall be
measured in square meter.
Cutting trees including removal of stumps and their roots and
backfilling to required compaction shall be measured in number. For
this purpose girth shall be measured at a height 1 meter above
ground.
Cutting of trees up to 300 mm girth including removal of stumps and
roots and backfilling of holes with compaction shall not be
measured separately.
Payment
Clearing and grubbing and cutting trees shall be paid at their
respective contract unit rates which shall be the full and the final
compensation to the Contractor. The contract unit rate for cutting of
trees of girth above 300 mm shall also include handling, salvaging,
piling and disposing off the cleared materials with all leads and lifts.
The Contractor shall take the necessary precautions to prevent
damage to structures and other private or public property. If
necessary, trees shall be cut in sections from the top downwards.
The branches of trees to be left standing shall be trimmed so as not
to intrude into a space of 7 m above the roadway.
Such individual trees as the Engineer may designate and mark in
white paint shall be left standing and uninjured. In order to minimize
damage to trees that are to be left standing, trees shall be felled
towards the centre of the area being cleared, if so required by the
Engineer.
Permission for cutting trees must be obtained from the competent
authority that may require that trees be numbered, measured and
marked in the presence of officials from that authority. Cutting of
such trees shall then be carried out by the Contractor and the
timber stored at designated locations within the Right of Way.
Felling and cutting of trees on the site and pilling them off the site
shall conform to the requirements of the competent authority.
All tree trunks and branches in excess of 150 mm in diameter shall
be cleaned off, secondary branches cut into suitable length and
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 49 A2
Removal of
roots
A3
Site cleaning
A4
Surface
dressing
Page 50 stacked at sites indicated by the Engineer. Such timber shall not be
used by the Contractor for any purpose and shall remain the
property of the Employer.
All timber except such timber as can be used and all brush, stumps,
roots, rotten wood and other refuse from the clearing and grubbing
operations shall be completely removed from within the Right of
Way.
Where directed by the Engineer, the area covered by anthills shall
be treated, after excavation and before backfilling of cavities, with
an approved ant control chemical.
In the site all trees up to 300 mm girth, stumps and roots shall be
removed to a depth of not less than 900 mm below the finished
level and a minimum of 500 mm below the original ground level
whichever is lower.
Except in borrow areas the cavities resulting from the grubbing shall
be backfilled with approved material and compacted to a density not
less than the density of the surrounding ground.
Clearing shall consist of the cutting, removing and disposal of all
trees, bushes, shrubs, grass, weeds, other vegetation, anthills,
rubbish, fences, top organic soil not exceeding 150 mm in thickness
and all other objectionable material, resulting from the clearing and
grubbing. It shall also include the removal and disposal of structures
that obtrude, encroach upon or otherwise obstruct the work.
The moving of a certain amount of soil or gravel material may be
inherent to or unavoidable during the process of clearing and no
extra payment shall be made for this. Clearing shall include the
removal of all rocks and boulders of up to 0.15 m3 in size exposed
or lying on the surface.
Conservation of Top Soil
Where suitable topsoil exists within the limits of the area to be
cleared and grubbed, the Contractor shall, if ordered by the
Engineer, remove the topsoil together with any grass and other
suitable vegetation. If not used immediately, the topsoil shall be
transported and deposited in stockpiles for later use.
Conservation of Flora
Where provided for in the contract, certain designated flora
encountered in the road reserve and borrow areas shall be carefully
protected by the Contractor. In his tendered rate for Site Clearance,
he shall include for the careful removal and planting of the flora in a
protected and fenced-off area and, on completion of the road, for
the replanting of the flora in suitable positions in the road reserve in
accordance with the Engineer's instructions.
Execution of Work
Stumps, embedded logs, roots and all other vegetation growth and
accumulated rubbish of whatsoever nature and all other
objectionable material shall be completely removed to a specified
depth.
Normally the portions of the road reserve that fall within the limits of
the road prism, as well as certain borrow areas shall be cleared
and/or grubbed. Where the road reserve is to remain unfenced, the
full width of the road reserve shall be cleared and/or grubbed except
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) A5
Turfing
for such trees designated by the Engineer to be left standing and
uninjured.
The Contractor shall mark the boundaries of the area for clearing
and grubbing and seek the approval of the Engineer before
commencement of the work. The Engineer shall designate in detail
the exact areas to be cleared and grubbed and the time at which it
shall be done.
Disposal of Material
Material obtained from clearing and grubbing shall be disposed off
in borrow pits or other suitable places and be covered up with soil or
gravel as directed by the Engineer. The burning of combustible
material shall not, normally, be permitted and may only be done
with the prior written approval of the Engineer.
Where fences have to be taken down, fencing wire shall be neatly
wound into reels and all such wire, together with all fence posts and
other serviceable material from structures, etc., shall be stacked at
sites indicated by the Engineer.
Re-clearing of Vegetation
When portions of the road reserve, borrow or other areas have
been cleared in accordance with the Specifications, but in the
course of time, vegetation grows again during construction, the
Engineer may, if he considers it necessary, order that the area be
re-cleared.
Before the bottom layer of the embankment is made, the Contractor
shall grub up and remove any vegetation that may in the meantime
have grown on the surfaces previously cleared and grubbed.
Such re-clearing of areas previously cleared includes the removal
and disposal of grass, shrubs and other vegetation in the same
manner as for the first clearing operation. No separate payment
shall be made for re-clearing of vegetation.
The area from where the grass roots are to be obtained shall be
specified by the Engineer-in-Charge at the time of execution of the
work and no royalty shall be charged on this account from the
contractor.
The soil shall be suitably moistened and then the operation of
planting grass shall be commenced. The grass shall be dibbled at
10 cm, 7.5 cm, 5 cm apart in any direction or other spacing as
described in the item. Dead grass and weeded shall not be planted.
The contractor shall be responsible for watering and maintenance of
levels and the lawn for 30 days or till the grass forms a thick lawn
free from weeded and fit for moving whichever is later. Generally
planting in other direction at 15 cm, 10 cm, spacing is done in the
case of large open spaces, at 7.5 cm spacing in residential lawn
and at 5cm spacing for Tennis Court and sports ground lawn.
During the maintenance period, any irregularities arising in ground
levels due to watering or due to trampling by labour, or due to cattle
straying thereon, shall be constantly made up to the proper levels
with earth as available or brought from outside as necessary,
Constant watch shall be maintained to ensure that dead patches
are replanted and weeds are removed.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 51 A6
Tree planting
inclusive tree
guards
A7
Soil
Investigation
Measurements
Length, breadth of the lawn grassed shall be measured and the
area shall be calculated in sqm. correct to two places of decimal.
Rate
The rate shall include of all the labour and material involved in all
the operations described above.
In ordinary soil, including refilling earth after mixing with oil cake,
manure and watering. Holes of circular shape in ordinary soil shall
be excavated to the dimensions described in the items and
excavate soil broken to clods of size not exceeding 75 mm in any
direction, shall be stacked outside the hole, stones, brick bats,
unsuitable earth and other rubbish, all roots and other undesirable
growth met with during excavation shall be separated out and
unserviceable material removed from the size as directed. Useful
material, if any, shall be stacked properly and separately. Good
earth in quantities as required to replace such discarded stuff shall
be brought and stacked at site by the contractor.
The tree holes shall be manured with powdered Neam/castor oil
cake at the specified rate along with farm yard manure over sludge
shall be uniformly mixed with the excavated soil after the manure
has been broken down to powder, (size of particle not be exceeded
6 mm in any direction) in the specified proportion, the mixture shall
be filled in to the hole up to the level of adjoining ground and then
profusely watered and enable the soil to subside the refilled soil
shall then be dressed evenly with its surface about 50 to 75 mm
below the adjoining ground level or as directed by the Engineer-incharge.
Tree Guard
The tree guard shall be 450 mm in diameter and 1 meter high
above ground level and 25 cm in below ground level. The tree
guard shall be framed of 4 nos. 20 x 3 mm MS. Flat welded to
50x50 wire mesh. The entire tree guard shall be given two coats of
synthetic enamel paint of approved brand and manufacturer of
required shade brand and manufacturer of required shade over a
priming coat of ready mixed steel primer of approved brand and
manufacturer.
Measurement : The tree guard shall be enumerated.
Rate: The rate shall include the cost of all the labour and material
involved in all the operations described above.
The job includes the activities like soil investigation works, bore hole
of required depth including mobilization and demobilization of
drilling machines (Rotary or percussion), Field test (SPT, Field
density test,vane shear test), lab test (consolidation, direct shear
test, unconfined compression test, chemical test ,specific gravity
test, seive analysis, moisture content, atterbergs limits tests etc.)
and preparation of soil analysis report
11. B. Soil and Sand Works
B1, B7
Page 52 Excavation
Foundation trench shall be dug to the exact width and depth and
levels as indicated in the drawings or to such lesser or greater
extent as the Engineer may advice. Sides of trenches shall be
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) vertical. In case the soil does not permit vertical sides, the
Contractor shall protect side with timber shoring. Excavated earth
shall not be placed within 1.5 meter of the edge of the trench. The
Project Engineer may direct the Contractor to place excavated earth
at a particular site up to 30 meter away from the building. The
bottom of the trench shall be perfectly levelled both longitudinally
and transversely. The bed shall be lightly watered and wellrammed. Excess digging if done through mistake shall be filled with
1:4:8 concrete. Water, if any accumulated in the trench, shall be
bailed out and all necessary precaution taken to prevent surface
water from entering the trench. Soft and defective spot in the trench
shall be dug out and removed and filled with concrete or materials
prescribed by the Project Engineer. If rocks or boulders are found
during excavation, they should be removed and the bed trench shall
be levelled and made hard by consolidating the earth, at no extra
cost. Above mentioned items or any variation thereof from the Bills
of Quantities shall be measured and valued by the Engineer as a
variation. After the completion of foundation masonry, the remaining
portion of the trench not filled by masonry shall be filled up with
earth in layers of 15cm, watered and well-rammed. Such filling shall
be free from rubbish, refuse matters and clods, surplus earth, if any
shall be removed and site shall be levelled and dressed.
Trenches shall be measured as per drawings and rate shall be for
complete Work including trench filling, for 30 meter lead and 1.5
meter lift including all tools and plants required for the completion of
the work, removal of boulders, side shoring, pumping, and filling in
voids by mass concrete (1:4:8).
No excavation or foundation work shall be filled in or covered up
before the inspection and approval of the Project Engineer.
The starting level for excavation shall be deemed to be ground level
or such level as may be specified by the Project Engineer, before
the commencement of the Work.
Measurement
Measurement of all works will be made in m³.
Measurement for payment under the contract will be limited to the
lines, grades, slopes and dimensions shown on the Drawings or as
determined by the Engineer as the work proceeds on the basis of
his evaluation of the soil/rock characteristics and site-conditions set
forth in the Clause.
All required and accepted excavation shall be measured from its
original position. The volume shall be determined in cubic meters by
average area method to be computed from the original and final
cross-sections of the completed works as per the drawings or as
directed by the Engineer. Where it is not practicable to use the
above method of measurement, the Engineer may use volumetric
method or any other method that in his opinion is best suited for
accurate assessment.
Any over-excavation shall be reinstated at the risk and cost of the
Contractor as directed by the Engineer.
Payment
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 53 B2,B3
B5,B6
Page 54 Backfill
Payment for work under these clauses will be made on the basis of
contract unit price indicated in the BOQ.
The payment will be full and final compensation for all material,
labour, and equipment to complete the works as specified.
This work is related to all types of structures that require filling with
specified material in the remaining volume or space of excavation
left unoccupied by any permanent construction.
Activities involved are collection and transportation of suitable
material from local borrow pits or hill side excavation, placing the
specified backfill material in layers, removal of foreign material if
any, watering, compacting to required density, lines and levels as
indicated in the drawings or as directed by the Engineer.
Compaction shall proceed after the Contractor together with the
Engineer identify the optimum thickness of each layer of suitable
material, its optimum moisture content, and the corresponding
number of passes required for a roller to arrive at the corresponding
OMC. Prior to the start of works, the contractor shall prepare a trial
stretch to establish the above parameters and shall repeat it as
often as necessary due to change in layer thickness, borrow pits,
and /or change in equipment. The Contractor may use the Standard
Specifications for Roads and Bridge Works of GON, MWOT, DOR
as guide for the above purpose.
Backfill, classified according to their nature, are presented in the
following Sub-Clauses.
Backfill in Plinth of Building and Parking
This work shall consist of filling for construction of embankment for
plinth of building, road works and parking area and includes
furnishing, placing, watering, compacting and shaping suitable
material obtained from approved sources in accordance to lines,
levels, grades, dimensions shown on the Drawings and or as
required by the Engineer. Fill material used shall not exceed 150
mm and 75 mm within the 300 mm and 150 mm of formation level
respectively. Fill material shall not have organic content value
exceeding 5% and soaked CBR value less than 6% unless
otherwise approved by the Engineer.
Activities involved shall be preparation of surface, scarifying, supply,
and laying of suitable material in layers. Except where material is
laid close to the formation level, each layer shall not exceed 300
mm in thickness before compaction. Each layer of material shall
then be watered and compacted to 95% dry density at optimum
moisture content. Testing shall be carried out by sand cone using
relevant BS or ASTM Standards.
The top level of such fill executed shall be regarded as the
formation level.
Common Backfill In Structures
Common backfill includes stacked suitable material recovered from
excavations or material transported from outside. This may include
granular material passing through 75 mm sieve or sandy soil. The
backfill material shall be spread uniformly in layers, levelled,
watered and then compacted to 95% of its optimum density in
layers not exceeding 200 mm for buildings works and 250 mm for
others. Compaction may be done manually or with mechanical
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) means. Manual compaction in each layer will be done using 2 to 5
kg rammers made of cast-iron or wood. Mechanical compaction
shall be executed with either plate compactors, earth rammers,
depending on site conditions.
Compaction tests shall be conducted with sand cones using
relevant BS or ASTM standards.
Transportation And Handling Of Excess Disposable Material
This work will be required in connection with transportation of
materials from demolition works (unless otherwise specified) and
excess suitable or unsuitable material from excavation. Transport
will include all distance beyond the initial lead (30m unless
otherwise specified) for safe disposal as specified by the Engineer.
Activities involved will be supply of necessary means of transport,
loading, and transportation safely without damage/loss, unloading
and levelling properly at disposal sites. The disposed materials shall
be laid in layers mechanically or manually compacted to the
satisfaction of the Engineer.
The excess material shall be disposed manually with or without
equipment like wheelbarrows or by trucks depending on the location
of disposal sites.
Measurement
Measurement will be based first in m³ of loose volume of accepted
works with 35% deduction for voids for all leads indicated in the
BOQ. The measurement will be made at the disposal site.
Payment
Payment for work under this Clause will be made on the basis of
contract unit price indicated in the BOQ. The payment will be full
and final compensation for all material, labour, and equipment to
complete the works as specified.
11. C. Masonry Works
General
Mortar
Mortar shall comply with IS 2250-1981; Code of Practice for
preparation and use of masonry mortar. The mortar used in work
shall have the strength not less than 5 N/mm2 or 7.5 N/mm2 at 28
days as specified.
However, if provided in the Contract, cement and sand may also be
mixed in specified proportions. Cement shall be proportioned only
by weight, by taking its unit weight as 1.44 ton per cubic meter and
sand shall be proportioned by volume after making due allowance
for bulking.
Mixing
The mixing shall be done in a mechanical mixer unless hand-mixing
is permitted by the Engineer. If hand-mixing is allowed, the
operation shall be carried out on a clear watertight platform. in the
required proportion cement and sand shall be first mixed dry to
obtain an uniform colour. Then required quantity of water shall be
added and the mortar shall be mixed to produce workable
consistency. The mortar shall be mixed for at least three minutes
after addition of water in the case of mechanical mixing. In the case
of hand mixing, the mortal shall be hoed back and forth for about 10
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 55 minutes after addition of water in order to obtain uniform
consistency.
Only that quantity of mortar shall be mixed at a time which can be
used completely before it becomes unworkable. Any mortar that has
become unworkable due to loss of water before elapsing the initial
setting time of cement shall be rewet to make it workable and shall
be used in the works. On no account mortar shall be used after
elapsing the initial setting time of cement.
Soaking Of Bricks
Bricks shall be soaked in water for a minimum period of one hour
before use. When bricks are soaked they shall be removed from the
tank sufficiently in advance so that at the time of laying they are skin
dry. Such soaked bricks shall be stacked on a clean place where
they are not spoilt by dirt, earth, etc.
Laying Brickwork
The brick shall be built in English bond with upwards facing frog in
case of 230mm thick brickwork (for chimney made and fair faced
machine made bricks both).
The brick shall be built in running stretcher bond with upwards
facing frog in case of half brick wall (for chimney made, traditional
dachi appa brickwork and machine made both).
Each brick shall be set with bed and vertical joints filled thoroughly
with mortar. Selected bricks shall be used for the exposed brickwork
as specified under 7.1.2. The walls shall be taken up truly plumb. All
courses shall be laid truly horizontal and vertical joints shall be truly
vertical. Vertical joints in alternate course shall come directly over
the other. The thickness of brick courses shall be kept uniform and
for this purpose wooden straight edge with graduation giving
thickness of each brick course including joint shall be used.
Necessary tools comprising of wooden straight edge, masons sprit
level, square, foot rule, plumb, line and pins etc. shall be frequently
and fully used by the masons to ensure that the walls are taken up
true to plumb, line and levels.
Both the faces of walls of thickness greater than 23cm shall be kept
in proper plane. All the connected brickwork shall be carried up
nearly at one level and no partition of work shall be raised more
than one meter above the rest of the work. Any dislodged brick shall
be removed and reset in fresh mortar.
Before commencing any brickwork, the Contractor shall confer with
other trades to ensure that all pipes, conduits, drains, sleeves, bolts,
hangers, or any other materials necessary to be installed in the
brickwork at the time it is built, have been fixed or provided for.
Joints
Bricks shall be laid that all joints are full of mortar. The thickness of
joints shall be not more than 10mm. The face joints shall be raked
to a minimum depth of 7mm by a raking tool during the progress of
the work when the mortar is still green, so as to provide proper key
for the plaster or pointing to be done. Where plastering pointing is
not to be done, the joints shall be struck flush and finished at the
time of laying. The face of brickwork shall be kept cleaned and
mortar dropping removed.
Jointing With Existing Structures
Page 56 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) When fresh masonry is to be placed against existing surface of
structures, the surface shall be cleaned of all loose materials,
roughened and wetted as directed by the Engineer so as to effect a
good bond with the new work.
Openings
Openings in brickwork for air conditioning ducts, exhaust fans, grills
pipes etc. shall be provided at the time of laying brickwork without
any extra cost.
After installation of piping, conduits, grills, etc. all openings left
around pipes, conduits, grills etc. shall be checked and caulked with
cement mortar to render the whole work vermin proof and tidily
finished.
The rates quoted are deemed to be inclusive of closing such pre
determined openings including erection and dismantling of
scaffolding if required, the placing of inserts, collars, grills etc. to be
paid separately under respective items.
Curing
Green work shall be protected from rain by suitable covering.
Masonry work in cement mortar shall be kept constantly moist on all
faces for a minimum period of seven days. The top of the masonry
work shall be left flooded with water so as not to disturb or washout
the green mortar.
During hot weather, all finished or partly completed work shall be
covered or wetted in such a manner as to prevent rapid drying of
the brick work.
Scaffolding
The scaffolding shall be sound and strong to withstand all loads
likely to come upon it. The holes which provide resting space for
horizontal members shall not be left in masonry under one meter in
width or immediately near the skew backs of arches. The holes left
in the masonry work for supporting the scaffolding shall be filled and
made good.
Condition Of Equipment
All equipment used for mixing or transporting mortar and bricks
shall be clean and free from set mortar, dirt or other injurious foreign
substances.
Walling Building:
Bricks shall be wetted before being laid and the top of walling where
left off shall be wetted before re-commencing building. Walls to be
kept wet three days after building.
Bricks shall be well buttered with mortar before being laid and the
brickwork carried up evenly course so that no part is allowed to be
carried up more than 90cm higher at any time than any other part.
Cavity Walling Building
The two layer of half brick wall with half brick cavity is cavity walling
of the building. Bricks shall be wetted before being laid and the top
of walling where left off shall be wetted before re-commencing
building. Each left brick wall shall be connected by 10G GI links
made as per design at every five course vertically and at the 60cm
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 57 spacing horizontally or as per drawing. The two courses below sill
will be solid wall. One or both half brick wall will be laid in fair face in
stretcher bond. The walls are to be kept wet three days after
building.
Bricks shall be well buttered with mortar before being laid and the
brickwork carried up evenly course-by-course so that no part is
allowed to be carried up more than 90cm higher at any time than
any other part.
Setting out Walling
The contractor shall provide proper setting- out rods and set out all
work on it for corners, openings, heights, etc. And shall build the
walls and piers etc. To the width, depth and height indicated on the
drawings and as directed and approved by the Engineer in-charge.
Bonding Walls
Load bearing brickwork generally shall be of Quota bond (nominal
thickness 350mm) and reinforced as shown on the detailed
drawings. One brick walls (nominal thickness 230mm) shall be in
English bond and half brick walls (nominal thickness 115mm) in
Stretcher bond. No broken bricks or bats shall be used unless
required to from bond.
All propounds, quoins, reveals and other angles of walls shall be
built strictly true and square.
Cement &sand shall be as before specified.
Lime shall be freshly burnt lime slaked at least one month before
being used by drenching with water, well broken up and mixed and
the slurry passed through a 3mm mesh screen to remove all lumps
and impurities.
Filling for Brick work
Where brickwork cavities are specified to contain reinforcing bars
they shall be filled with concrete mix as previously described. The
filling shall be placed and consolidated in section not exceeding
90cm in height. Cavities that are to be filled shall be kept free of all
mortar dropping.
Brick Lintels
Lintels over doors and under openings except where in concrete,
shall be formed in brick work by reinforcing the three concrete
immediately above the opening with steel wire reinforcement
projecting 45cm at either end of the opening and the rates are to
include for any necessary centring.
Putlog Holes
All putlog holes shall be not less than one course deep and carefully
filled with bricks cut to fit size of opening with beds and joints filled
with mortar well tamped in after scaffolding is removed.
Keeping Clean
The contractor shall allow in his rates for keeping the fair-faced
brickwork free from mortar at all times and for cleaning the work at
completion.
Construction Joints between Walls
Where Construction joints indicated on the drawings should be filled
by 25*100m flexible jute carpet coated with bitumen and covered by
16G galvanized steel sheet in exposed faces. All the construction
debris shall be removed before placing it.
Page 58 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) C1
C2
Reinforced Brickwork
All brickwork shall be reinforced with Torsteel or equivalent
reinforcement both horizontally and vertically, as per drawing and
instruction of engineer. The reinforcement cleaned of rust and loose
flakes with a wire brush, shall be embedded thoroughly in cement
mortar at every fourth course. It shall be cast in or securely fixed to
adjoining columns or walls, in a manner approved by the Engineer.
Jointing
In jointing, the face joints of the mortar shall be worked out while still
green to give a finished surface flush with the face of the brick-work.
The faces of brick-work shall be cleaned to remove any splashes of
mortar during the course of raising the brick-work.
The measurement of brickwork both 230mm (above 230mm, if any)
and 115mm thick shall be the product of the length, height and
thickness i.e. in cubic meter for chimney made and fair faced
machine made brickwork.
Deduction for doors, windows and other openings including lintels
shall be made to arrive at the net quantity of work. Nothing shall be
paid extra for forming such openings. However, no deductions shall
be made for areas less than 0.1 sqm. overall, bearing of lintels,
beams, girders and hold fasts blocks but nothing extra like form
work shall be paid for embedding these. Similarly, no deductions
shall be made for chimney flue left in the walls, but nothing extra
shall be allowed for rendering for flue openings as specified. Unless
otherwise specified nothing extra shall be admissible for cutting
shape other than straight or any cutting necessary for shaping the
walls to the structural design. Rate shall be inclusive of all
necessary scaffolding, watering, cutting of bricks, curing, vertical &
horizontal reinforcement within brickwork, materials and labour.
Bricks shall be of uniform deep red or copper colour, thoroughly
burnt without being vitrified, regular in shape and size and shall
have sharp and square sides and edges and parallel faces to
ensure uniformity in the thickness of the courses of brickwork.
The Brick shall be first class machine made bricks of quality
Machine made approved by the Engineer and free from grit and other impurities
such as lime, iron and other deleterious salts, conforming NS 1
Bricks
2035/ IS code (latest revision). These shall be well-burnt, sound,
and hard with sharp edges and shall emit ringing sound when struck
with a mallet. These shall be of uniform size.
The size of the bricks shall be 24.0cm x 11.2cm x 5.7cm unless
otherwise specified, with a tolerance of ± 3mm in each direction.
The compressive strength should be more than 3.5N/mm².
The Brick shall be first class chimney made bricks of quality
approved by the Engineer and free from grit and other impurities
such as lime, iron and other deleterious salts, conforming NS 1
Chimney made
2035 / IS code (latest revision). These shall be well burnt, sound,
Bricks
and hard with sharp edges and shall emit ringing sound when struck
with a mallet. These shall be of uniform size.
The size of the bricks shall be 22.9cm x 11.2cm x 5.5cm unless
otherwise specified, with a tolerance of ± 3mm in each direction.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 59 C3
Page 60 Ornamental
Brick Works
The compressive strength should be 3.5N/mm². The bricks shall be
provided with frogs
Dachi Bricks
The Brick shall be machine pressed chimney made traditional bricks
of first class quality approved by the Engineer and free from grit and
other impurities such as lime, iron and other deleterious salts,
conforming to NS 1 2035. These shall be well burnt, sound, and
hard with sharp edges and shall emit ringing sound when struck
with a mallet. These shall be of uniform size.
The size of the bricks shall be 21.8cm x 10.0cm x 5.6cm (dachi
appa sano) unless otherwise specified, with a tolerance of ± 2mm in
each direction. The compressive strength should be more than
3.5N/mm².
Samples
Samples of each type of brick taken at random from the load shall
be deposited with the Engineer for his approval before being used
in the work. All subsequent deliveries shall be up to the standard of
the sample approved.
Mix Proportion
For dachi appa brickwork of 108mm thick, the mortar mix shall be in
a proportion of 1:4 i.e. consisting of one part cement and 4 parts
sand and finished with surkhi pointing.
Laying Brickwork
All brick shall be built in Stretcher bond. Each brick shall be set with
bed and vertical joints filled thoroughly with mortar finished in Surkhi
pointing. Selected bricks shall be used for the exposed brickwork.
The walls shall be taken up truly plumb. All courses shall be laid
truly horizontal and vertical joints shall be truly vertical. Vertical
joints in alternate course shall come directly over the other. The
thickness of brick courses shall be kept uniform and for this purpose
wooden straight edge with graduation giving thickness of each brick
course including blade joint (thin joints) shall be used. Necessary
tools comprising of wooden straight edge, masons sprit level,
square, foot rule, plumb, line and pins etc. shall be frequently and
fully used by the masons to ensure that the walls are taken up true
to plumb, line and levels.
Both the faces of walls of thickness greater than 23cm shall be kept
in proper plane. All the connected brickwork shall be carried up
nearly at one level and no partition of work shall be raised more
than one meter above the rest of the work. Any dislodged brick shall
be removed and reset in fresh mortar.
Before commencing any brickwork, the Contractor shall confer with
other trades to ensure that all pipes, reinforcement bars, conduits,
drains, sleeves, bolts, hangers, or any other materials necessary to
be installed in the brickwork at the time it is built, have been fixed or
provided for.
Surkhi Pointing
Bricks shall be laid such that all joints are filled properly with surkhi
pointing. The gap in the joints shall be not more than 1mm and
properly pointed during the progress of the work. The face of
brickwork shall be kept cleaned and mortar dropping removed.
Putlog Holes
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) The putlog holes (if inevitable for scaffolding), which provide resting
space for horizontal members shall not be left in masonry under one
metre in width or immediately near the skewbacks of arches. The
holes left in the masonry work for supporting the scaffolding shall be
filled with bricks filled with mortar to fit the size of opening with
proper beds and joints.
Measurements
The measurement of traditional dachi appa work in wall shall be the
product of the length x height i.e. in square meter.
The measurement of decorative and ornamental traditional
brickwork in wall shall be measured in running meter.
C4
Deduction for doors, windows and other openings including lintels
shall be made to arrive at the net quantity of work. Nothing shall be
paid extra for forming such openings. However, no deductions shall
be made for areas less than 0.1 sqm overall, bearing of lintels,
beams, girders and hold fasts blocks but nothing extra like form
work shall be paid for embedding these. Similarly, no deductions
shall be made for chimney flue left in the walls, but nothing extra
shall be allowed for rendering for flue openings as specified. Unless
otherwise specified nothing extra shall be admissible for cutting
shape other than straight or any cutting necessary for shaping the
walls to the structural design. Rate shall be inclusive of all
necessary scaffolding, watering, cutting of bricks, curing, vertical &
horizontal reinforcement within brickwork, materials and labour
Payment
The brick works, plastering and pointing shall be paid at their
respective contract unit rate which shall be the full and the final
compensation to the Contractor as per Clause 112 to complete the
work as per these Specifications.
Rat Trap Bond is one of
the
brick
bonding
construction techniques
in the walling system. In
this type of brick bond
techniques, the bricks
are laid on edge with 1:6
cement
mortar
as
shown in the figure.
Consumption of brick in
Rat Trap Bond
Brick Masonry Rat Trap Bond is reduced by 25-30 % (depending on the thickness
of brick). Due to this reduction in number of bricks, the consumption
of cement mortar is also reduced to 55% (45% cement and 50%
sand is saved as compared to normal English Bond and Flemish
Bond brick wall). The bond acts as a good thermal insulator due to
cavity in between. Plastering on the outer wall may not require due
to the attractive appearance.
CO2 emission in Rat trap bond in 1m3 brick work is 820/27.5 x 2.2=
65.5 kg of CO2 against 1236/27.5 x 2.2 = 99 kg of CO2 in normal
English Bond. General masonry specifications apply.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 61 C6, C7,
C8, C9
The stones to be used shall be durable and angular in shape. If
boulders are used they shall be broken into angular pieces. The
stones shall be sound, hard, and free from iron bands, spots, sand
holes, flaws, shakes, cracks or other defects. The stone shall not
absorb water more than 5 per cent. The specific gravity of the stone
shall not be less than 2.50. Except otherwise described in the
contract, the length of any stone shall not exceed three times its
height. The breadth of the stone on the bed shall not be less than
150 mm nor greater than 3/4 the thickness of the wall. At least 85%
of the stones used in masonry, except those used for chinking as
chips or spalls of stones shall have individual volumes of more that
0.01 m3 The chips or spalls used including voids in the dry stone
masonry shall not be more than 20% of the stone masonry by
volume. In case of mortared masonry the total volume of mortar and
spalls taken together shall not be more than 30% of the mortared
masonry. Representative samples of the stones intended for use in
the works shall be submitted to the Engineer for prior approval.
Further representative samples shall be submitted for approval
whenever there is a change in the type or strength of the rock that
the Contractor intends to use in masonry work.
Mortar
Mortar for masonry shall conform to provisions under brick works.
Construction
The method of construction described herein shall hold good in all
Clauses of this Section, wherever applicable.
Stone Masonry General
Works
Construction shall be carried out in accordance with I.S. 1597-1992,
Code of Practice for construction of stone masonry, Part 1 Rubble
stone masonry or Part 2 Ashlar Masonry as appropriate. All
stratified stone possessing bedding planes shall be laid with its
natural bed as nearly as possible at right angles to the direction of
load. In the case of arch rings, the natural bed shall be radial.
Facework groins shall be built to a height not exceeding one meter
in advance of the main body of the work and adjacent walling
stepped down on either side. Masonry face work between the
groins shall then be built to a height not exceeding 500 mm above
the backing which shall then be brought up level with the completed
facework. At no time shall the backing be built up higher than the
facework.
Except for dry rubble walling, all joints (gaps) shall be sufficiently
thick to prevent stone to stone contact and the gaps shall be
completely filled with mortar. Stones shall be clean and sufficiently
wetted before laying to prevent absorption of water from mortar.
Placing loose mortar on the course and pouring water upon it to fill
the gaps in stones shall not be allowed. Mortar shall be fluid, mixed
thoroughly and then poured in the joints. No dry or hollow space
shall be left anywhere in the masonry and each stone shall have all
its faces completely covered with mortar of the thickness as
specified for joints.
The bed which is to receive the stone shall be cleaned, wetted and
covered with a layer of fresh mortar. All stones shall be laid full in
Page 62 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) mortar both in bed and vertical joints and settled carefully in place
with a wooden mallet immediately after placement and solidly
embedded in mortar before it has set. Clean and wet chips and
spalls shall be wedged into the mortar joints and bed whenever
necessary to avoid thick joints or bed of mortar. When the
foundation masonry is laid directly on rock, the bedding face of the
stones of the first course shall be dressed to fit into rock snugly
when pressed down in the mortar bedding over the rock. For
masonry works over rock, a levelling course of M15/40 or M15/20
concrete 100mm thickness shall be laid over rock and then stone
masonry work shall be laid without foundation concrete block.
In case, any stone already set in mortar is disturbed or the joints
broken, it shall be taken out without disturbing the adjoining stones
and joints. Dry mortar and stones thoroughly cleaned from the joints
and the stones shall be reset in fresh mortar. Sliding one stone on
top of another which is freshly laid shall not be allowed.
Shaping and dressing of stone shall be done before it is laid in the
work. Dressing and hammering of the laid stones which will loosen
the masonry shall not be allowed.
Building up face wall tied with occasional through stones and filling
up the middle with stones spalls and chips or dry packing shall not
be allowed. Vertical joints shall be staggered. Distance between the
nearer vertical joints of upper layer and lower layer in coursed
rubble masonry shall not be less than half the height of the course.
Masonry in a structure between two expansion joints shall be
carried up nearly at one uniform level throughout but when breaks
are unavoidable the masonry shall be raked in sufficiently long
steps to facilitate jointing of old and new work. The stepping of
raking shall not be more than 45 degrees with the horizontal.
Masonry shall not be laid when the air temperature in the shade is
less than 3°C. Newly laid masonry shall be protected from the
harmful effects of weather.
Ashlar
All stones shall be dressed to accurate planes on the beds and
joints and they shall be fair and neatly or fine tooled on the face
unless otherwise described in the contract.
Block-In-Course
Beds and joints shall be squared and dressed for a distance of at
least 220 mm from the exposed face. Bond stones shall form at
least one sixth of the area of the exposed face and shall extend at
least 900 mm into the wall or for the full thickness of the wall if the
latter is less than 900 mm. Unless described in the contract as
tooled or drafted, the exposed face of all stones shall be blocked
and left rough. Arises shall be dressed square at all beds and joints.
Square Rubble-Coursed Or Broken Courses
All stones shall be truly squared and dressed for a distance at least
120 mm from the face of the wall. Bond stones shall be provided at
the rate of at least one to every 0.8 m2 of exposed face and shall
measure not less than 150 mm x 150 mm on the face and not less
than 450 mm in length or the full thickness of the wall, whichever is
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 63 the less. Vertical joints in any layer shall be broken in the next layer
and the horizontal lapping of the stones shall not be less than 100
mm.
Random Rubble - Coursed Or Uncoursed
All stones shall be carefully set with a bond stone provided at the
rate of at least one to every 0.9 m2 of exposed face. Bond stones
shall measure not less than 150 mm x 150 mm on the exposed face
and not less than 450 mm in length or the full thickness of the wall,
whichever is the less.
Dry Random Rubble
Dry random rubble masonry shall be constructed generally to the
requirements of coursed random rubble masonry but with the
omission of mortar. All stones shall be carefully shaped to obtain as
close a fit as possible at all beds and joints, any interstices between
the stones being filled with selected stone spalls. The stones in
courses shall be laid perpendicular to the batter face. The exposed
tops or capings of dry rubble structures shall be formed as shown
on the Drawing.
Composite Random Rubble
Materials for composite random rubble shall comply with relevant
Clauses. The dry stone insets shall be constructed when the level of
the surrounding mortared masonry surround has reached the top of
the dry stone inset.
Test And Standard Of Acceptance
Before laying any mortar, the Contractor shall make six sets of
mortar test cubes from each source of sand to demonstrate the
compliance of the mix to the specified strength. Each set shall
comprise six cubes, three to be tested at 7 days and the other to be
tested at 28 days. During construction, the Contractor shall make
and test mortar cubes at the rate of three cubes for every 10 m3 of
masonry to assess the strength subject to a minimum of 3 cubes
samples for a days work. Testing of cubes shall be in accordance
with IS 2250. The stones shall be tested for the water absorption as
per IS: 1124 and it shall not be more than 5 percent. The stones
shall also be tested for Specification gravity and it shall not be less
than 2.65. Sand shall be tested as directed by the Engineer. At least
3 set of tests for stone and sand shall be conducted for every
source.
About one square meter (1mx1m) measured in front face of the
completed stone masonry in every 200 sq.m or part of it shall be
dismantled during the process of construction up to complete depth
and the aggregate volume of the stones having volume more than
0.01m3 shall be obtained by the method of displacement of water to
find the volume of spalls and mortars in the case of mortared
masonry and the volume of spalls and voids in the case of dry
masonry. The dismantling shall be made in such a manner that the
quality of the surrounding work is least affected. While dismantling,
the tightness of the joints shall also be compared with the thickness
of joints as specified for assessment of the quality of work. If the
volume of spalls and mortars is more than the specified volume
and/or the joints are not filled completely with mortar, then the entire
work which the sample and test represent shall be rejected.
Page 64 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) The dismantled portion shall be made good by the Contractor at his
own cost after completion of the test.
Measurement
Stone masonry shall be measured in cubic meters. The pointing
shall be measured in sq.m.
C10
Stone Filling
Works
C11
Glass Block
Payment
The stone masonry shall be paid at the respective contract unit
prices which shall be the full and the final compensation to the
Contractor
Stone filling shall be done as stone masonry works in general but
with the omission of mortar. All stones shall be carefully shaped to
obtain as close a fit as possible at all beds and joints, any
interstices between the stones being filled with selected stone
spalls. The stones in courses shall be laid perpendicular to the
batter face.
Glass blocks: Solid or hollow Glass blocks of 190mm x 190mm x
80mm or size as specified and of approved color and shape and
shall be used. Blocks shall be made from structural glass annealed
to withstand rigorous use of material. The bricks shall be impervious
to grease, chemicals, moisture and shall not change its color with
age.
Mortar:
1 part Portland Cement, 1 part lime, and 4-1/2 to 6 times parts of
fine sand passing No. 20 sieve and free of iron compounds to avoid
stains; add integral type waterproofed to increase waterproof
qualities of the mortar. Mortar shall be mixed drier than normal and
only an amount that will be used in 1/2 to 1 hour. Glass block will
not absorb water the same as brick. Re-tempered mortar shall not
be use in any case.
Installation
Surfaces shall be cleaned thoroughly prior to installation.
Glass block panels shall be installed into four side prepared
opening, shall never be made to carry loads other than their own
weight. Glass blocks shall not be tapped with steel tools.
Glass block panels shall never be freestanding. Masonry with glass
blocks more than 30 mm high, every horizontal joint should be
reinforced with galvanized expanded metal strips. Blocks masonry
shall not exceed 9m2 (vertical dimension not to exceed 3m)
Uniform joint width of 1/4 inch (6 mm) plus or minus 1/8 inch (3
mm). shall be maintained with maximum variation from plane of unit
to next unit - 1/32 inch (.80 mm) and maximum variation of panel
from plane - 1/16 inch (1.6 mm).When mortar has set, pack backer
rod in jamb and head channels. Recess to allow for sealant.
The construction shall be so executed that there is complete
freedom of movement of the panel within the inframing members.
Provision for expansion shall be made along the jambs and the
head of each panel and there shall be proper anchorage of panel at
head, sill and jamb.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 65 Cleaning
Remove excess mortar from glass surfaces with a damp cloth
before set occurs. The glass block wall shall be left clean and
unblemished condition. The residue of cement on the glass surface
let from mortar/ tiling grout shall be removed by use of proprietary
cement stain remover. Hydrofluoric acid or derivatives must not be
used. No scratch marks of blades shall be seen in the glass
surface.
Protection
Protect installed products shall be protected until completion of
project.
Damaged products shall be Touched-up, repaired or replaced
before Substantial Completion
Measurement/ payment
Measurement shall be in square meter for specified thickness of
masonryor nos of glass blocks as specified in the BOQ. Rate shall
include materials, mixing, laying, finishing, and labour etc., all
complete.
11. D. Concrete Works
D1-D8
Page 66 General
Mixing Concrete
Before any batching, mixing, transporting, placing, compacting and
finishing and curing the concrete ordered or delivered to site, the
Contractor shall submit to the Engineer full details including Drawing
of all the plant which he proposes to use and the arrangements he
proposes to make.
Concrete for the works shall be batched and mixed in one or more
plants or concrete mixer unless the Engineer agrees to some other
arrangement. If concrete mixers are used, there shall be sufficient
number of mixtures including stand by mixers.
Batching and mixing plants shall be complying with the requirements
of IS 1791 and capable of producing a uniform distribution of the
ingredients throughout the mass. Truck mixers shall comply with the
requirements of IS 4925 and shall only be used with the prior approval
of the Engineer. If the plant proposed by the Contractor does not fall
within the scope of IS 1791 it shall have been tested in accordance
with IS 4634 and shall have a mixing performance within the limits of
IS 1791.
All mixing operations shall be under the control of an experienced
supervisor.
The aggregate storage bins shall be provided with drainage facilities
arranged so that the drainage water is not discharged to the weigh
hoppers. Each bin shall be drawn down at least once per week and
any accumulations of mud or silt shall be removed.
If bulk cement is used, the scale and weight hopper for cement shall
be distinct from the scale and weight hopper for aggregates.
Cement and aggregates shall be batched by weight. Water may be
measured by weight or volume.
The weighing and water dispensing mechanisms shall be maintained
in good order. Their accuracy shall be maintained within the
tolerances described in IS 1791 and not more than plus or minus one
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) percent, and checked against accurate weights and volumes when
required by the Engineer.
The weights of cement and of each size of aggregate and the weight
or volume of water as indicated by the mechanism employed shall be
within a tolerance of plus or minus three per cent of the respective
weight per batch agreed by the Engineer.
The Contractor shall provide standard test weights at least equivalent
to the maximum working load used on the most heavily loaded scale
and other auxiliary equipment required for checking the satisfactory
operation of each scale or measuring device. Tests shall be made by
the Contractor in the presence of the Engineer during the site trials
described in Sub-clause 604 (4) and then at intervals to be
determined by the Engineer but not less than once per three months.
The Contractor shall furnish the Engineer with copies of the complete
results of all check tests and shall make any adjustments, repairs or
replacements necessary to ensure satisfactory performance.
The nominal drum or pan capacity of the mixer shall not be exceeded.
The turning speed and the mixing time shall be as recommended by
the manufacturer, but in addition, when water is the last ingredient to
be added, mixing shall continue for at least one minute after all the
water has been added to the drum or the pan.
The blades of pan mixers shall be maintained within the tolerances
specified by the manufacturer of the mixer and the blades shall be
replaced when it is no longer possible to maintain the tolerances by
adjustment.
Mixers shall be fitted with an automatic recorder registering the
number of batches discharged.
The water to be added to the mix shall be reduced by the amount of
free water contained in the coarse and fine aggregates. This amount
shall be determined by the Contractor by a method agreed by the
Engineer immediately before mixing begins each day and thereafter at
least once per hour and for each delivery of aggregates during
concreting. When the correct quantity of water, determined as set out
in the Specification, has been added to the mix, no further water shall
be added, either during mixing or subsequently.
Mixers which have been out of use for more than 30 minutes shall be
thoroughly cleaned before any fresh concrete is mixed. Mixers shall
be cleaned out before changing to another type of cement.
Transportation Of Concrete
The concrete shall be discharged from the mixer and transported to
the works by means which shall prevent adulteration, segregation or
loss of ingredients, and shall ensure that the concrete is of the
required workability at the point and time of placing. The loss of slump
between discharge from the mixer and placing shall be within the
tolerances.
The capacity of the means of transport shall not be less than the full
volume of a batch.
The time elapsing between mixing transporting placing and
compaction altogether of a batch of concrete shall not be longer than
the initial setting time of the concrete. If the placing of any batch of
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 67 concrete is delayed beyond this period, the concrete shall not be
placed in the works.
Placing Of Concrete
Consent for Placing
Concrete shall not be placed until the Engineer's consent has been
given in writing. The Contractor shall give the Engineer at least two
full working day notice of his intention to place concrete.
If concrete placing is not commenced within 24 hours of the
Engineer's consent the Contractor shall again request consent as
specified above.
Preparation of Surface to Receive Concrete
Excavated surfaces on which concrete is to be deposited shall be
prepared as set out in relevant Section Existing concrete surfaces
shall be prepared before deposition of further concrete they shall be
clean, hard and sound and shall be wet but without any free-standing
water.
Any flow of water into an excavation shall be diverted through proper
side drains to a sump or be removed by other suitable method which
will prevent washing away the freshly deposited concrete or any of its
constituents. Any under drain constructed for this purpose shall be
completely grouted up when they are no longer required by a method
agreed by the Engineer.
Unless otherwise instructed by the Engineer surfaces against which
concrete is to be placed shall receive prior coating of cement slurry or
mortar mixed in the proportions similar to those of the fines portion in
the concrete to be placed. The mortar shall be kept ahead of the
concrete. The mortar shall be placed into all parts of the excavated
surface and shall not be less than 5 mm thick.
If any fissures have been cleaned out they shall be filled with mortar
or with concrete as instructed by the Engineer.
The amount of mortar placed at one time shall be limited so that it
does not dry out or set before being covered with concrete.
Placing Procedures
The concrete shall be deposited as nearly as possible in its final
position. It shall be placed so as to avoid segregation of the concrete
and displacement of the reinforcement, other embedded items or
formwork. It shall be brought up in layers approximately parallel to the
construction joint planes and not exceeding 300 mm in compacted
thickness unless otherwise permitted or directed by the Engineer, but
the layers shall not be thinner than four times the maximum nominal
size of aggregate.
When placing on a nearly horizontal surface, placing shall start at the
lower end of the surface to avoid de-compaction of concrete.
Layers shall not be placed so that they form feather edges nor shall
they be placed on a previous layer which has taken its initial set. In
order to comply with this requirement, another layer may be started
before initial set of the preceding layer.
All the concrete in a single bay or pour shall be placed as a
continuous operation. It shall be carefully worked round all
obstructions, irregularities in the foundations and the like so that all
parts are completely full of compacted concrete with no segregation or
Page 68 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) honey combing. It shall also be carefully worked round and between
water stops, reinforcement, embedded steelwork and similar items
which protrude above the surface of the completed pour. All work
shall be completed on each batch of concrete before its initial set
commences and thereafter the concrete shall not be disturbed before
it has set hard. No concrete that has partially hardened during transit
shall be used in the works and the transport of concrete from the
mixer to the point of placing shall be such that this requirement can be
complied with.
Concrete shall not be placed during rain which is sufficiently heavy or
prolonged to wash mortar from coarse aggregate on the exposed
faces of fresh concrete. Means shall be provided to remove any water
accumulating on the surface of the placed concrete. Concrete shall
not be deposited into such accumulations of water.
In dry weather, covers shall be provided for all fresh concrete surfaces
which are not being worked on. Water shall not be added to concrete
for any reason.
When concrete is discharged from the place above its final deposition,
segregation shall be prevented by the use of chutes, down pipes,
trunking, baffles or other appropriate devices.
Forms for walls shall be provided with openings or other devices that
will permit the concrete to be placed in a manner that will prevent
segregation and accumulations of hardened concrete on the formwork
or reinforcement above the level of the placed concrete.
When it is necessary to place concrete under water the Contractor
shall submit to the Engineer his proposals for the method and
equipment to be employed. The concrete shall be deposited either by
bottom-discharging watertight containers or through funnel-shaped
tremies which are kept continuously full with concrete in order to
reduce to a minimum the contact of the concrete with the water.
Special care shall be taken to avoid segregation.
If the level of concrete in a tremie pipe is allowed to fall to such extent
that the water enters the pipe, the latter shall be removed from the
pour and filled with concrete before being again lowered into the
placing position. During and after concreting under water, pumping or
de-watering in the immediate vicinity shall be suspended if there is
any danger that such work will disturb the freshly placed concrete.
Interruptions to Placing
If the concrete placing is interrupted for any reason and the duration
of the interruption cannot be forecast or is likely to be prolonged, the
Contractor shall immediately take the necessary action to form a
construction joint so as to eliminate as far as possible feather edges
and sloping top surfaces and shall thoroughly compact the concrete.
All work on the concrete shall be completed before elapse of initial
setting time and it shall not thereafter be disturbed until it is hard
enough to resist damage. Plant and materials to comply with this
requirement shall be readily available at all time during concrete
placing.
Before concreting is resumed after such an interruption the Contractor
shall cut out and remedy all damaged or un-compacted concrete,
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 69 feather edges or any undesirable features and shall leave a clean
sound surface against which the fresh concrete may be placed.
If it becomes possible to resume concrete placing without
contravening the Specification and the Engineer consents to
resumption, the new concrete shall be thoroughly worked in and
compacted against the existing concrete so as to eliminate any cold
joints.
In case of long interruption concrete shall be resumed as directed by
Engineer.
Dimensions of Pours
Unless otherwise agreed by the Engineer, pours shall not be more
than two meters high and shall as far as possible have a uniform
thickness over the plan area of the pour. Concrete shall be placed to
the full planned height of all pours except in the circumstances
described. The Contractor shall plan the dimensions and sequence of
pours in such a way that cracking of the concrete does not take place
due to thermal or shrinkage stresses.
Placing Sequence
The Contractor shall arrange that the intervals between successive
lifts of concrete in one Section of the works are of equal duration. This
duration shall not be less than three days or not more than seven
days under temperate weather conditions unless otherwise agreed by
the Engineer.
Where required by the Engineer to limit the opening of construction
joints due to shrinkage, concrete shall not be placed against adjacent
concrete which is less than 21 days old.
Contraction gaps in concrete shall be of the widths and in the
locations as shown on the Drawing and they shall not be filled until the
full time interval shown on the Drawing has elapsed.
Compaction Of Concrete
Concrete shall be fully compacted throughout the full extent of the
placed layer. It shall be thoroughly worked against the formwork and
around any reinforcement and other embedded item, without
displacing them. Care shall be taken at arises or other confined
spaces. Successive layers of the same pour shall be thoroughly
worked together.
Concrete shall be compacted with the assistance of mechanical
immersion vibrators, unless the Engineer agrees another method.
Immersion and surface vibrators shall operate at a frequency of
between 70 and 200 hertz. The Contractor shall ensure that vibrators
are operated at pressures and voltages not less than those
recommended by the manufacturer in order that the compactive effort
is not reduced.
A sufficient number of vibrators shall be operated to enable the entire
quantity of concrete being placed to be vibrated for the necessary
period and, in addition, stand-by vibrators shall be available for instant
use at each place where concrete is being placed.
Vibration shall be continued at each point until the concrete ceases to
contract, air bubbles have ceased to appear, and a thin layer of
mortar has appeared on the surface. Vibrators shall not be used to
move concrete laterally and shall be withdrawn slowly to prevent the
Page 70 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) formation of voids.
The vibrators shall be inserted vertically into the concrete to penetrate
the layer underneath at regular spacing which shall not exceed the
distance from the vibrator over which vibration is visibly effective and
some extent of vibration is overlapped.
Vibration shall not be applied by way of reinforcement nor shall the
vibrators be allowed to touch reinforcement, sheathing ducts or other
embedded items.
Coarse Aggregate
As per item (4) page 31
Fine Aggregate
As per item (3) page 31
Cement
As per item (2) page 30
Water
As per item (7) page 33
Tests
Regular Slump test should be carried out to control the addition
of water and to maintain required consistency.
Curing Of Concrete
General
Concrete shall be protected during the first stage of hardening from
loss of moisture and from the development of temperatures
differentials within the concrete sufficient to cause cracking. The
methods used for curing shall not cause damage of any kind to the
concrete.
Curing shall be continued for as long as may be necessary to achieve
the above objectives but not less than seven days or until the
concrete is covered by successive construction whichever is the
shorter period.
The above objectives shall be dealt with but nothing shall prevent both
objectives being achieved by a single method where circumstances
permit.
The curing process shall commence as soon as the concrete is hard
enough to resist damage from the process. In the case of large areas
or continuous pours, it shall commence on the completed Section of
the pour before the rest of the pour is finished.
Loss of Moisture
Exposed concrete surfaces shall be closely covered with impermeable
sheeting, properly secured to prevent its removal by wind and the
development of air spaces beneath it. Joints in the sheeting shall be
lapped by at least 300 mm.
If it is not possible to use impermeable sheeting, the Contractor shall
keep the exposed surfaces continuously wet by means of water spray
or by covering with a water absorbent material which shall be kept
wet, unless this method conflicts with provisions of relevant Subclause.
Water used for curing shall be of the same quality as that used for
mixing.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 71 Formed surfaces may be cured by retaining the formwork in place for
the required curing period.
If instructed by the Engineer, the Contractor shall, in addition to the
curing provisions set out above provide a suitable form of shading to
prevent the direct rays of the sun reaching the concrete surfaces for at
least the first four days of the curing period.
Limitation of Temperature Differentials
The Contractor shall limit the development of temperature differentials
in concrete after placing by any means appropriate to the
circumstances including the following:
Limiting concrete temperatures at placing);
Use of low heat cement for mass concreting, subject to the agreement
of the Engineer;
Leaving formwork in place during the curing period. Steel forms shall
be suitably insulated on the outside;
Preventing rapid dissipation of heat from surfaces by shielding from
wind.
Protection Of Fresh Concrete
Freshly placed concrete shall be protected from rainfall and from
water running over the surface until it is sufficiently hard to resist
damage from these causes.
Concrete placed in the works shall not be subjected to any loading
including traffic until it has attained at least its characteristic strength.
Concreting In Hot Weather
General
The Contractor shall prevent damage to concrete arising from
exposure to extreme temperatures, and shall maintain in good
working order all plant and equipment required for this purpose.
In the event that conditions become such that even with the use of
equipment the requirements cannot be met, concrete placing shall
immediately cease until such time as the requirements can again be
met.
Concrete Placing in Hot Weather
During hot weather the Contractor shall take all measures necessary
to ensure that the temperature of concrete at the time of placing in the
works does not exceed 30°C and that the concrete does not lose any
moisture during transporting and placing.
Such measures may include but are not necessarily limited to the
following:Shielding aggregates from direct sunshine.
Use of a mist water spray on aggregates.
Sun shields on mixing plants and transporting equipment.
Surfaces in which concrete is to be placed shall be shielded from
direct sunshine and surfaces shall be thoroughly wetted to reduce
absorption of water from the concrete placed on or against them.
After concrete has been placed, the selected curing process shall be
commenced as soon as possible. If any interval occurs between
completion of placing and start of curing, the concrete shall be closely
covered during the interval with polythene sheet to prevent loss of
moisture.
Construction Joints
Whenever concrete is to be bonded to other concrete which has
Page 72 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) hardened, the surface of contact between the Sections shall be
deemed a construction joint.
Where construction joints are shown in the Drawing, the Contractor
shall form such joints in such positions. The location of joints which
the Contractor requires to make for the purpose of construction shall
be subject to the approval of the Engineer. Construction joints shall be
in vertical or horizontal planes except in sloping slabs where they shall
be normal to the exposed surface or elsewhere where the Drawing
requires a different arrangement.
Construction joints shall be arranged as to reduce to a minimum the
effects of shrinkage in the concrete after placing, and shall be placed
in the most advantageous positions with regard to stresses in the
structures and the desirability of staggering joints.
Feather edges of concrete at joints shall be avoided. Any feather
edges which may have formed where reinforcing bars project through
a joint shall be cut back until sound concrete has been reached.
The intersections of horizontal and near horizontal joints and exposed
faces of concrete shall appear as straight lines produced by use of a
guide strip fixed to the formwork at the top of the concrete lift, or by
other means acceptable to the Engineer.
Construction joints formed as free surfaces shall not exceed a slope
of 20 per cent from the horizontal.
The surface of the fresh concrete in horizontal or near horizontal joints
shall be thoroughly cleaned and roughened by means of high
pressure water, and air jets or wire brush, when the concrete is hard
enough to withstand the treatment without the leaching of cement.
The surface of vertical or near vertical joints shall be similarly treated
if circumstances permit the removal of formwork at a suitable time.
Where concrete has become too hard for the above treatment to be
successful, the surface whether formed or free shall be thoroughly
scrabbled by mechanical means, manually or wet sand blasted and
then washed with clean water. The indentations produced by
scrabbling shall not be less than 10 mm deep and shall be away from
the finished face by 40mm.
If instructed by the Engineer the surface of the concrete shall be
thoroughly brushed with a thin layer of mortar composed of one part
of cement to two parts of sand by weight immediately prior to the
deposition of fresh concrete. The mortar shall be kept just ahead of
the fresh concrete being placed and the fresh layer of concrete shall
be thoroughly and systematically vibrated to full depth to ensure
complete bond with the adjacent layer. No mortar or concrete shall be
placed until the joint has been inspected and approved by the
Engineer.
Records Of Concrete Placing
Records of the details of every pour of concrete placed in the works
shall be kept by the Contractor in a form agreed by the Engineer.
These records shall include class of concrete, location of pour, date
and duration of pour, ambient temperature and concrete temperature
at time of placing and all relevant meteorological information such as
rain, wind etc., moisture contents of the aggregates, details of mixes,
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 73 batch numbers, cement batch number, results of all tests undertaken,
part of the structure and place where test cube samples are taken
from.
The Contractor shall supply to the Engineer four copies of these
records each week covering work carried out the preceding week. In
addition he shall supply to the Engineer monthly histograms of all 28
day cubes strength results together with cumulative and monthly
standard deviations, Coefficient of Variation, and any other
information which the Engineer may require concerning the concrete
placed in the works.
No Fines Concrete
No Fines concrete (NF concrete) is intended for use where a porous
concrete is required and shall only be used where shown on the
Drawing or instructed by the Engineer.
The mix shall consist of Ordinary Portland cement and aggregate
complying with this Specification. The aggregate size shall be 40 mm
to 10 mm only. The weight of cement mixed with 0.3 cubic meters of
aggregate shall not be less than 50 kg. The quantity of water shall not
exceed that required to produce a smooth cement paste which will
coat evenly the whole of the aggregate.
Hand Mixed Concrete
Concrete for structural purposes shall not be mixed by hand. Where
non structural concrete is required, hand mixing may be carried out
subject to approval of the Engineer.
For making hand mixed concrete, cement, sand and aggregate shall
be batched separately by volume or by weight as applicable.Mixing
shall be done in masonary platform or sheet iron tray. Then cement
and sand shall be mixed dry to uniform colour. The aggregate shall be
stacked in a proper shape upon which cement sand mix shall be
spread and whole mix shall be turned up and down to have uniform
mix of all ingredients. Then water shall be added and shall be mixed
to uniform consistency.
For hand mixed concrete the specified quantities of cement shall be
increased by 10% and not more than 0.25 cubic meters shall be
mixed at one time. During windy weather precautions shall be taken to
prevent cement from being blown away in the process of gauging and
mixing.
Early Loading
No load shall be applied to any part of a structure until the specified
curing period has expired, and thereafter loading shall be allowed
after approval by the Engineer. The Engineer's decision shall be
based on the type of load to be applied, the age of concrete, the
magnitude of stress induced and the propping of the structure.
No structure shall be opened to traffic until test cubes have attained
the specified minimum 28 days strength
Measurement
Concrete
Concrete laid in place as specified in the Drawing or directed by the
Engineer shall be measured in cubic meter separately for each class.
No deduction shall be made in the measurement for:
bolt holes, pockets, box outs an cast in components provided that the
volume of each is less than 0.15 cubic meters;
Page 74 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) D1
D9
mortar beds, fillets, drips, rebates, recesses, grooves, chamfers and
the like of 100 mm total width or less;
reinforcement
Blinding Concrete/Non Structural Concrete
Blinding concrete laid in place shall be measured in cubic meter. No
deduction shall be made for openings provided that the area of each
is less than 0.5 square meters. Blinding concrete over hard material
shall be measured as the volume used provided that the maximum
thickness of 150 mm allowed for over break is not exceeded.
Admixtures, Workability and Hardening Agents
Measurement of these items shall be carried out as specified in the
contract.
Concrete
Every class of concrete shall be paid as per respective contract unit
rate. The respective rate shall also include the cost of:
Admixtures and workability agents including submission of details
unless specified.
Class of UF1,2 or 3 surface finish.
Laying to sloping surfaces not exceeding 15° from the horizontal and
to falls.
Formwork to lean concrete.
Placing and compacting against excavated surfaces where required
including any additional concrete to fill over break and working space.
Complying with the requirements of Clauses 2001 to 2013,1806 and
1807.
Admixtures, Workability and Hardening Agents
Payment shall be made at contract unit rate which shall be the full and
the final compensation to the Contractor for all specified in the
contract.
Non-structural concrete (NS concrete) shall be used only for non
structural purposes where shown on the Drawing.
NS concrete shall be compound of ordinary Portland cement and
aggregates complying with this Specification.
The weight of cement mixed with 0.3 cubic meters of combined
aggregate shall not be less than 50 kg. The mix shall be proportioned
Nonby weight or by volume. The maximum aggregate size shall be 40 mm
structural
nominal.
Concrete
The concrete shall be mixed by machine or by hand to a uniform
colour and consistency before placing. The quantity of water used
shall not exceed that required to produce a concrete with sufficient
workability to be placed and compacted where required.
The concrete shall be compacted by hand towels or rammers or by
mechanical vibration.
Reinforcement as plain bars and deformed bars and steel fabric shall
comply with the following Indian Standards.
Reinforcemen IS 1786 for high strength deformed steel bars and wires.
IS 1566 for steel mesh fabric.
t
IS 432 mild steel and medium tensile steel bars.
All reinforcement shall be from an approved manufacturer and, if
required by the Engineer, the Contractor shall submit the ISI
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 75 certification mark or other test certificate from the manufacturer
acceptable to the Engineer. The Contractor shall furnish all
information as manufacturer's certificate, invoice, and other relevant
details to ensure the quality of steel.
The reinforcements shall have no crack, scale or rust or foreign
particles that will destroy or reduce the bond. The bars shall be
accurately bent and formed to the dimension indicated in the
Drawings. The Contractor shall prepare bending schedules for each
structure and calculate the weight of the reinforcement. The schedule
of bars and the calculations shall be submitted to the Engineer for
approval.
Binding wire used to bind reinforcements shall be annealed
galvanized binding wire of 20 gauges.
The sampling and frequency of testing shall be as set out in the NS
84-2042 and NS 191-2045. All reinforcement not complying with the
Specification shall be removed from site.
Storage of Reinforcement
All reinforcement shall be delivered to site either in straight lengths or
cut and bent. No reinforcement shall be accepted in long lengths
which have been transported bent over double.
Any reinforcement which is likely to remain in storage for a long period
shall be protected from the weather so as to avoid corrosion and
pitting. All reinforcement which has become corroded or pitted to an
extent which, in the opinion of the Engineer, will affect its properties
shall either be removed from site or may be tested for compliance with
the appropriate Indian Standard at the Contractor expense.
Reinforcement shall be stored at least 150mm above the ground on a
clean area free of mud and dirt and sorted out according to category,
quality and diameter.
Bending Reinforcement
Unless otherwise shown on the Drawing, bending and cutting shall
comply with IS 2502.
The Contractor shall satisfy himself as to the accuracy of any bar
bending schedules supplied and shall be responsible for cutting,
bending, and fixing the reinforcement in accordance with the Drawing.
Bars shall be bent mechanically using appropriate bar benders. Bars
shall be bent cold by the application of slow steady pressure. At
temperatures below 5°C the rate of bending shall be reduced if
necessary to prevent fracture in the steel.
Bending reinforcement inside the forms shall not be permitted except
for mild steel bars of diameter less or equal to 12 mm, when it is
absolutely necessary.
After bending, bars shall be securely tied together in bundles or
groups and legibly labelled as set out in IS 2502.
Fixing Reinforcement
Reinforcement shall be thoroughly cleaned. All dirt, scale, loose rust,
oil and other contaminants shall be removed before placing it in
position. If the reinforcement is contaminated with concrete from
previous operations, it shall be cleaned before concreting in that
Section.
Reinforcement shall be securely placed and fixed in position as shown
in the drawing or directed by the Engineer.
Page 76 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Unless otherwise agreed by the Engineer, all intersecting bars shall
be either tied together with not less than 1.6 mm diameter soft
annealed iron wire and the end of the wire turned into the body of the
concrete, or shall be secured with a wire clip of a type agreed by the
Engineer.
Spacer blocks shall be used for ensuring that the correct cover is
maintained on the reinforcement. Blocks shall be as small as
practicable and of a shape agreed by the Engineer. They shall be
made of mortar mixed in the proportions of one part of cement to two
parts of sand by weight. Wires cast into the block for tying in to the
reinforcement shall have not less than 1.6 mm diameter and shall be
soft annealed iron.
Alternatively another type of spacer block may be used subject to the
Engineer's approval. All reinforcement shall be checked of shape,
size, diameter and number where necessary. Reinforcement shall be
rigidly fixed so that it remains intact during placing of concrete. Any
fixers Made to the formwork shall not remain within the space to be
occupied by the concrete being placed.
No splices shall be made in the reinforcement except where shown on
the Drawing or agreed by the Engineer. Splice lengths shall be as
shown on the Drawing or directed by the Engineer.
Reinforcement shall not be welded except where required by the
contract or agreed by the Engineer. If welding is employed, all welded
splices shall be full penetration butt welds complying with the
procedures set out in IS 2751 or IS 9417 as applicable. Mechanical
splices shall not be used unless the Engineer agrees otherwise.
Acceptance for welded or mechanical splices of approved design shall
be based on qualification tests to be carried out by the
Contractor: prior to start of the work. Construction control testing as
instructed by the Engineer shall be also carried out.
The Contractor shall ensure that reinforcement left exposed in the
works shall not suffer distortion, displacement or other damage. When
it is necessary to bend protruding reinforcement aside temporarily, the
radius of the bend shall not be less than four times the bar diameter
for mild steel bars or six times the bar diameter for high yield bars.
Such bends shall be carefully straightened without leaving residual
kinks or damaging the concrete round them before concrete placing.
In no circumstances heating and bending of high yield bars shall be
permitted.
Bars complying with IS 1786 or other high tensile bars shall not be
bent after placing in the works.
The reinforcement shall be paid at contract unit rate. The rate shall
also include compensation for the cost of providing, cutting to length,
cleaning, spacer blocks, waste incurred by cutting, welding, fixing the
reinforcement in position including the provision of wire or other
material for supporting and tying the reinforcement in place, bending
reinforcement aside temporarily, and straightening, placing and
compacting concrete around reinforcementand. Exact length of laps,
bending, hooking, and provision and fixing of chairs of atleast 12 mm
dia shall be separately measured for payment.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 77 Formworks
As per E1-E13
Fabric Reinforcement
The fabric reinforcement shall be paid at contract unit rate which shall
be also inclusive of compensation for wastage and laps.
11. E. Formworks and Waling
Form works shall include all temporary or permanent forms required
for forming the concrete together with all temporary construction for
their support.
Form works shall be designed and erected by the Contractor so that
concrete can be properly placed and compacted in a manner that the
hardened concrete conforms to the required shape, position, and level
subject to the specified tolerances and standards of finish. It shall be
assembled with adequate nails and /or nuts and bolts. It shall consist
of wooden boards, sheet metals, and any other suitable material that
prevent loss of grout when the concrete is vibrated.
Special care shall be taken to maintain the stability of the form works
and the tightness of the joints particularly during concrete vibrating
operations.
The formworks shall be as specified in the BOQ with adequate ribs for
the beam, column and slabs. The Engineer shall approve the material
and position of any ties passing through the concrete. The whole or
part of the tie shall be capable of being removed such that any
remaining part shall be embedded in the concrete by at least the
specified thickness for reinforcement cover. Any holes formed by
removal of ties shall be filled with concrete or mortar of approved
composition.
Form works at top shall be provided where the slope of the formed
surface exceeds one in four.
E1-E13
Before each concrete operation commences, form works shall be
cleaned of all rubbish and other foreign particles.
Concrete operations shall not commence until the erected form works
has been inspected and approved. The Contractor shall give at least
48 hours notice for such inspection. On rejection for any reason, the
Engineer shall require another 48 hours to inspect the rectified errors.
The inside surface of forms shall be coated with an approved material
to prevent the adhesion of concrete. Such material shall be applied
strictly in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and shall
not come in contact with the reinforcement or anchors.
Construction of Formwork
Joints in formwork for exposed faces shall, unless otherwise specified,
be evenly spaced and horizontal or vertical and shall be continuous in
a regular pattern.
All joints in formwork shall be water tight. Where reinforcement
projects through formwork, the form shall fit closely round the bars.
Formwork shall be so designed that it may be easily removed from the
work without damage to the faces of the concrete. It shall also
incorporate provisions for making minor adjustments in position, if
required, to ensure the correct location of concrete faces. Due
allowance shall be made in the position of all formwork for movement
Page 78 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) and settlement under the weight of fresh concrete.
Surfaces at slopes less than 20° may be formed by screeding.
Surfaces at slopes between 20° and 30° shall generally be formed if
the Contractor can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Engineer
that such slopes can be screeded with the use of special screed
boards to hold the concrete in place during vibration.
Horizontal or inclined formwork to the upper surface of concrete shall
be adequately secured against uplift due to the pressure of fresh
concrete. Formwork shall also be tied down or otherwise secured
against floating within the body of the concrete.
The internal and external angles on concrete surfaces shall be formed
with fillets and chamfers of the sizes shown on the Drawing unless
otherwise instructed by the Engineer.
Supports for formwork may be bolted to previously placed concrete
provided the type of bolt used is acceptable to the Engineer. If metal
ties through the concrete are used in conjunction with bolts, the metal
left in shall not be close to the face of the concrete by less than
50mm.
Formwork shall not be re-used after it has suffered damage which is
sufficient to impair the finished surfaces of the concrete.
Where circumstances prevent easy access within the form, temporary
openings shall be provided through the formwork for cleaning and
inspection.
Shear keys of the size and shape as indicated on the Drawing shall
be provided in all construction joints.
Where pre-cast concrete elements are specified for use as permanent
formwork, or proposed by the Contractor and agreed by the Engineer,
they shall comply with the requirements of formwork as specified in
the Specifications in respect of surface finish, strength and rigidity.
Such elements shall be set true to line and level within the tolerances
prescribed for the appropriate class of finish and fixed so that they
cannot move when concrete is placed against them.
Preparation of Formwork
Before any reinforcement is placed into position within formwork, the
latter shall be thoroughly cleaned and then dressed with a release
agent. The agent shall be either suitable oil incorporating a wetting
agent, an emulsion of water suspended in oil or low viscosity oil
containing chemical agents. The Contractor shall not use an emulsion
of oil suspended in water nor any release agent which causes staining
or discolouration of the concrete, air holes on the concrete surface, or
retards the set of the concrete or affects the strength of concrete.
In order to avoid colour differences on adjacent concret surfaces, only
one type of release agent shall be used in any one section of the
works.
In cases where it is necessary to fix reinforcement before placing
formwork, all surface preparation of formwork shall be carried out
before it is placed into position. The Contractor shall not allow
reinforcement or pre-stressing tendons to be contaminated with
formwork release agent.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 79 Before placing concrete all dirt, construction debris and other foreign
matter shall be removed completely from within the placing area.
Before concrete placing commences, all wedges and other adjusting
devices shall be secured against movement during concrete placing
and the Contractor shall maintain a watch on the formwork during
placing to ensure that no movement occurs. If any movement noticed,
the formwork shall be set right immediately.
Removal of Formwork
The Contractor shall give 24 hours notice of his intentions to strike
any form works. Forms shall be removed without shock vibrations or
other damage to the concrete.
Formwork shall be carefully removed without shock or disturbance to
the concrete. No formwork shall be removed until the concrete has
gained sufficient strength to withstand any stresses safely to which it
may thereby be subjected.
The minimum periods which shall elapse between completion of
placing concrete and removal of forms are given in Table and apply to
ambient temperatures higher than 10°C. At lower temperatures or if
cement other than ordinary Portland are involved, the Engineer may
instruct longer periods.
Alternatively, formwork may be removed when the concrete has
attained the strength set out in Table provided that the attained
strength is determined by making test cubes and curing them under
the same conditions as the concrete to which they refer.
Compliance with these requirements shall not relieve the Contractor
of his obligation to delay removal of formwork until the removal can be
completed without damage to the concrete.
If the Contractor wishes to strip formwork from the underside of
arches, beams and slabs before the expiry of the period for supports
set out above, it shall be designed so that it can be removed without
disturbing the supports. The Contractor shall not remove supports
temporarily for the purpose of stripping formwork and subsequently
replace them.
As soon as the formwork has been removed, bolt holes in concrete
faces other than construction joints which are not required for
subsequent operations shall be completely filled with mortar
sufficiently dry to prevent any slumping at the face. The morr shall be
mixed in the same proportions as the fine aggregate and cement in
the surrounding concrete and with the same materials and shall be
finished flush with the face of the concrete.
After removal of the formwork, the date of casting of concrete shall be
marked on the surface of related concrete by water proof paint/marker
for estimation of curing time.
Minimum Time for Form works
Normal
Cold
Strength to
Form work
Weather
Weather be attained
(days)
(days)
1.Vertical or near vertical 24 hours
0.2 fck
faces of mass concrete
2. Beam sides, walls and 48 hours
1.5:
0.3 fck
Page 80 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) unloaded columns
3. Sofits of slabs and
beams :
Spans up to 3m
4 days
7 days
fck
Spans over 3m to 6m
11 days
17 days fck
Measurement
Except as stated below, formwork shall be measured in square meter
of formwork actually in contact with the finished face of the concrete.
No deduction shall be made in the measurement for openings, pipes,
ducts and the like, provided that the area of each is less than 0.50
square meters. Unless otherwise stated, if the volume or area of
concrete has not been deducted when measuring the concrete,
formwork to form box or the void shall not be measured.
Formwork required for lean concrete, to form construction joints and
shear keys for future concrete and other construction surfaces shall
not be measured and the costs shall be included in the rates for other
work.
Formwork to contraction and expansion joints shall be measured in
square meter on one face only. The rates shall include for the costs
stated below and for forming recesses for sealant and channels for
grout.
The measurement of formwork is inclusive of the measurement for
formwork finished surface, shoring, staging, scaffolding and other
accessories required for erection and removal of the formwork.
Payment
The formwork shall be paid as per the contract unit rate. The rates for
formwork shall include the cost of submission of details, transportation
and use of all materials for formwork, erection including provision of
supports, fillets and chamfers 75 mm and less in width, bolts, ties,
fixings, cutting to waste, drilling or notching the formwork for
reinforcement where required, working around pipes, ducts, conduits
and waterstops, temporary openings, cleaning, dressing, removal of
formwork, filling bolt holes and any remedial work including all
incidental works required to complete the work as per Specification.
The payment for unformed surfaces of concrete shall be deemed
included in the contract unit rate of the relevant concrete.
11. F. Roofing Works
F1 – F6 CGI sheet
The corrugated iron sheet shall be of the specified gauge. A 24 B.G.
sheet shall weigh 5.4kg/m2. The sheet shall be free from rust and the
zinc covering at the time of fixing shall be on perfect condition. Each
sheet shall have 10 corrugations 75mm wide and 19mm deep with
overall flat width of 800mm, referred to as 24 B.G. 10/3 sheets.
Each sheet shall be laid on wooden or steel purling with an end
overlap of 150mm minimum or as per drawing and side overlap of two
and half corrugations. The sheet shall be joined together with
galvanized hook-bolts of L type of 8mm diameter, with bitumen and
limpet washers. L hook shall be fixed at 300mm interval along bearer
and 600mm along edge. Each bolt shall have “limpet” dome washer in
addition to bitumen washer.
Wind ties of 40mm x 6mm flat iron shall be fixed at the eaves ends of
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 81 F7, F8
F9
Page 82 Gutters
Slate
the sheets fixing the same with purling by L hook bolts at 1200mm
centre to centre distance.
Ridge and hips shall be covered by special ridges and shall be bolted
with 300mm lap on either side so as to prevent the rain driving under
it.
Holes in sheets shall be made on the ground; the sheets shall be
placed on trestles and holes punched in the ridge of corrugations from
below upward. Unnecessary holes made on the roof shall be rejected
in total.
Measurement
Measurement of all the works will be made in m2 of works as
specified.
Payment
Payment for work will be made on the basis of contract unit price
indicated in the BOQ.
The payment will be full and final compensation for all material,
labour, and equipment to complete the works as specified.
Gutter shall be fabricated from plain G.S. Sheets of thickness as
specified in the item. Eaves gutters shall be of the shape and section
specified in the description of the item. The overall width of the sheet
referred to therein shall mean the peripheral width of the gutter
including the rounded edges. The longitudinal edges shall be turned
back to the extent of 12 mm and beaten to form a rounded edge. The
ends of the sheets at junctions of pieces shall be hooked into each
other and beaten flush to avoid leakage.
Gutter shall be laid with a minimum slope of 1 in 120.
Gutter shall be supported on and fixed to M.S. flat iron brackets bent
to shape and fixed to the requisite slope. The maximum spacing of
brackets shall be 1.20 metres.
The gutter shall be fixed to the brackets with 2 Nos. G.I. bolts and
nuts 6 mm dia, each fitted with a pair of G.I. and bitumen washers.
The connecting bolts shall be above the water line of the gutters. For
connection to down take pipes, a proper drop end or funnel shaped
connecting piece shall be made out of G.S. sheet of the same
thickness as the gutter and riverted to the gutter, the other end tailing
into the socket of the rain-water pipe. Wherever necessary stop ends,
angles etc., should be provided.
The gutters when fixed shall be true to line and slope and shall be
leakproof.
A good slate should be hard, tough and durable, of rough texture,
ring bell-like when struck, not split when holed or dressed, practically
non-absorbent and of a satisfactory colour. Those which feel greasy
are generally of inferior quality and may show white patches or marc
site (iron pyrites) decay readily, especially if subjected to a smoky
atmosphere; patches of lime also adversely affect durability.
When left immersed in water to half its height for twelve hours, the
water line on the slate should not be more than 3mm above the level
of water in the vessel. In slates of poor quality, the water is readily
absorbed and rises several inches up the slates; such slates are
easily destroyed by frost action (due to the absorbed water freezing
and disintegrating the slate). If a dry slate is kept in water which is
kept boiling for forty-eight hours, its increase in weight should not
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) F10
Clay Tile
F11
Clay ridge
exceed 0.3 percent, and if a specimen of slate is immersed for ten
days in solution of sulphuric acid it should not show any signs of
flaking or softening.
In the event of the lack of quality control for the slate quarrying, the
Engineer In-charge shall reserve the right to reject whole or a portion
of the slates brought to the site form previously approved quarry site.
Only the selected pieces shall be allowed to remain at site, the rest
shall have to be removed immediately as ordered.
Preparation for Laying
The slates shall be hand tool punched 30cm x 45cm and other
required sizes and the thickness is maintained to a uniform size of
6mm (approximately). The slates shall be fixed with Copper or CP
steel nails. The use of GI nails will not be permitted.
Workmanship:
Same as to the specification of ceramic tile work and as per drawing,
and instruction of the engineer, all complete.
Measurement:
It shall be measured in Sqm. of the work.
Roofing tiles are to be clay tile from Harisiddhi Brick Factory or
equivalent locally made tile. The clay tile single lap inter-locking at
head and side and with ridge tiles etc. to match. They are to be
uniform in size, shape and colour and free from twist and other
defects, in every respect equal to samples to be deposited with and
approved by the Engineer In-charge. Each tile are hooked by 16g GI
strap to eaves board (fascia) and in verges too. Before laying tile the
gutter should be fixed.
Replaced cracked or damaged tiles and clean down and leave roofs
watertight on completion.
Measurement
Measurement of works will be made in m2 of plan area of works as
specified for the width not less than 250mm.
Measurement of works for in vertical plane will be made in linear
length of m of works as specified for the width less than 250mm.
Payment
Payment for work will be made on the basis of contract unit price
indicated in the BOQ.
The payment will be full and final compensation for all material,
labour, and equipment to complete the works as specified.
The clay ridge cover fitting to the clay tiles shall be used. These
covers shall be laid in 1:4 Cement sand mortar over the tile.
Measurement
Measurement of works will be made in m of linear length of works as
specified for the width not less than 250mm.
Measurement of works for in vertical plane will be made in linear
length of m of works as specified for the width less than 250mm.
Payment
Payment for work will be made on the basis of contract unit price
indicated in the BOQ.
The payment will be full and final compensation for all material,
labour, and equipment to complete the works as specified.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 83 F14,F15
F19
F21
Fiber Glass
-
Timber
Fibre glass reinforced roofing shall be 4 mm thick of required
colour/size, design and drawing as approved. The
roof shall have smooth gradual slope curvature for easy drainage of
water & shall be factory manufactured as per design & directions of
Engineer-in-Charge.
Material
(1) Glass Fibre (chopped strand mat)
(2) Unsaturated Polyester Resin
The F.R.P. roof laminate shall be water and chemical resistant and
shall have very high transit strength to weight ratio and high modulus
of elasticity, good textile processing and excellent fiber reinforcement
properties. The laminate shall have low coefficient of thermal
expansion and a high thermal conductivity and high dielectric
constants. The F.R.P. laminate shall be diversionally stable, shall
have moisture and corrosion resistance.
Tolerance
Tolerance of + 10 mm in overall size of FRP is permissible.
Finish
The F.R.P. laminate to be finished with polyurathene based or
equivalent paint as final coat or gloss or mat followed by clear lacquer
coat to get the shine of required shade.
Measurement and Rate
The measurement shall be made in square metre. The rate includes
cost of all the materials, labour scaffolding, fittings & fixing upto all
heights etc. involved in operations described above.
All wood work shall be planed neatly and truly finished to the exact
dimensions. All joints shall be neat and tight, truly and accurately
fitted. Wall plates, purlins and rafter shall be painted with 2 costs of
creosote conforming IS 218 1952.
All beams shall be bedded on (1:2:4) RCC beds of 10cm x 7.5cm x
4.5cm dimension with a minimum of 15cm bearing or as specified in
the drawing. All portion of timber in contact with masonry shall have
6mm gap sides. All beams shall rest on bearing.
Measurement of wood work shall be in volumes for the finished work,
including fixing, sawing, planning, joining, nails, screws etc. Wooden
blocks/joints wherever specified may be measured in number.
11. G. Door and Windows
G1
Page 84 Wooden
frames
The contractor is to clear out and destroy or remove all cut and
shavings and other wood waste from all parts of the building and the
site generally, as the work progress and at the conclusion of the work.
Carpentry:
All carpentry shall be executed with workmanship of the best quality.
Scantling and boarding shall be accurately sawn and shall be of
uniform width and thickness throughout. All carpenter’s work shall be
left with sawn surface except where particularly specified to be
wrought.
All carpenter’s work shall be accurately set out in strict accordance
with the drawings and shall be framed together and securely fixed in
best possible manner with properly made joints. All necessary brads,
sheet metal screws, etc. shall be provided as directed and approved.
Joinery:
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) All joints shall be accurately set out on boards to full size for the
information and guidance of the artisans before commencing the
respective works, with all joints, iron work and other works connected
therewith fully delineated. Such setting out must be submitted to the
Engineer In-charge and approved before such respective works are
commenced.
All jointer’s work shall be cut out and framed together as soon after
the commencement of the building as is practicable, but is not to be
wedged up or glued until the building is ready for fixing same. Any
portions that warp, wind or develop shakes or other defects within six
months after completion of the works shall be removed and new fixed
in their place on contractor’s own expense.
All work shall be properly mortises, tenons, house, shouldered,
dovetailed, notched, wedged, pinned, braided, etc., as directed and to
the satisfaction of the consultants and all properly glued up with the
best quality approved glue.
Joints in joinery must be as specified or detailed, and so designed and
secured as to resist or compensate for any stresses to which they
may be subjected. All nails, springs, etc. are to be punched and
puttied. Loose joints are to be made where provision must be made
for shrinkage, glued joints where shrinkage need not be considered
and where sealed joints are required. Glue for load-bearing joints or
where conditions may be damp must be damp must be of the resin
type. For non-load-bearing joints or conditions may be guaranteed
casein or organic glues may be used. All exposed surfaces of joinery
work shall be wrought and all arise “eased-off” by plaining and sand
papering to an approved finish suitable to the specified treatment.
Dimensions:
Joinery shall hold up to the specified sizes and as measure.
Fixing Joinery:
All beads, fillets and small members shall be fixed with round or oval
brads on nails well punched in and stopped. All large members shall
be fixed with brass screws, the heads let in and palette to match the
grain.
Unless otherwise specified, plugs of external work shall be of
hardwood; plugs for internal work may be of softwood. Holes for
plugging must be made with a proper drilling tool and the holes
completely filled with the plugging material.
Unless otherwise specified all skirting, window, grounds and backings
for same, fillets etc., shall be plugged at intervals not exceeding
600mm.
Bedding Joinery:
All door and window frames, sills, wooden bars etc., which are fixed to
brickwork, concrete by means of grounds, lugs, etc., shall be bedded
solid in mortar as previously described and pointed with a recessed
joint 6mm deep to the approval of the Engineer In-charge.
Plywood, Block boards, Chipboards and MDF board, shall be bonded
with synthetic resin of “interior” type and sheet metal screws unless
otherwise stated for the doors. Where stated to be “exterior” type, they
shall be weatherproof.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 85 G2
Panelled
shutters
G3 – G6, Glazed, Ply,
G8 – G14 Teak, GI
Page 86 All exposed edges of block board and chipboard shall be lipped with
hardwood as described below.
Samples of all such materials and their source of manufacture must
be approved by the Engineer In-charge before used in the works.
Inspection and Testing
The Engineer In-charge shall be given facilities for inspection of all
works in progress whether in workshop or on site. All timber as it
arrives on the site and not approved by them must be removed
forthwith, failing which the Employer, with the advise of the Engineer
In-charge, may arrange for the removal of the rejects and impose of
them as they may consider advisable at the contractor’s expenses.
Notwithstanding approval having been given as above, any timber
incorporated in the works found to be in any way defective before the
expiry of the maintenance period shall be removed and renewed at
the contractor’s expense. The contractor is to allow for testing or
prototypes of special construction units and the Engineer In-charge
shall be at liberty to select any samples they may require for the
purpose of testing i.e. for moisture content, or identification of species,
strength, etc.
Where timbers need to be extended into a wall, they shall be
thoroughly “Brush Treated” with a wood preservative approved by the
Engineer In-charge, and as much clear air space maintained around
the timber where it adjoins the wall as possible.
Measurement
Measurement of works will be made in m³ of works as specified.
Payment
Payment for work will be made on the basis of contract unit price
indicated in the BOQ.
The payment will be full and final compensation for all material,
labour, and equipment to complete the works as specified.
The window shutters may be fully panelled, fully glazed, partly glazed
and partly panelled, battened or Venetian as specified. Styles and
panels shall be neatly planed and truly finished to exact dimensions.
Styles and rails shall be framed properly and accurately with mortise
and tenon joints and fixed with bamboo pins as per drawing. Glue
shall be applied at al joints before clamping and fixing with bamboo
pins. Panels shall be of one piece without any joints and shall be
housed with 12.5mm insertion into rails and styles.
Panels shall be of thickness as specified in the drawing. All rails
above 100mm in width shall have double tenon. No tenon shall
exceed 6mm the thickness of the member. In case of swing door,
swing door hung in lace shall not be rebated together. It shall be fitted
with vision panels.
Measurement
Measurement of works will be made in m2 of works as specified.
Payment
Payment for work will be made on the basis of contract unit price
indicated in the BOQ.
The payment will be full and final compensation for all material,
labour, and equipment to complete the works as specified.
Shutter or frame shall be as described in Panelled doors.
Putty: Putty for glazing in wood frames shall be composed of pure
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Sheet and
Wiremesh
Shutters
linseed oil and whiting powder free from grittiness.
Wooden beads All wooden beads shall be from hard wood fitted
against the glass. Wooden beads shall be bedded against the rebate
and secured by 12.5mm glass nails fixed at 75mm apart. The rebate
depth shall be 12.5mm Wooden beads shall not project beyond the
rebate. All glass panes shall have edge-clearance, when fitted of
1.5mm all round.
Beads shall be painted with approved paint before fixing glass pane.
Hinges/ handles/bolts/scrwes: The window shutters shall have
minimum of two-piece 100mm steel hinges with steel screws, one
aluminium handle and two pieces of 150mm tower bolts of super
brand or equivalent with steel screws.
The timber louvers shall be 12 mm. thick of the size and fixing as
shown in the Drawing. Vertical slats if required shall be provided as
per instruction of the Engineer.
Construction Procedure
The window shutters may be fully panelled, fully glazed, partly glazed
and partly panelled, battened or Venetian as specified. Styles and
panels shall be neatly planed and truly finished to exact dimensions.
Styles and rails shall be framed properly and accurately with mortise
and tenon joints and fixed with bamboo pins as per drawing. Glue
shall be applied at al joints before clamping and fixing with bamboo
pins. Panels shall be of one piece without any joints and shall be
housed with 12.5mm insertion into rails and styles.
Panels shall be of thickness as specified in the drawing. All rails
above 100mm in width shall have double tenon. No tenon shall
exceed 6mm the thickness of the member. In case of swing door,
swing door hung in lace shall not be rebated together. It shall be fitted
with vision panels.
Rebates of metal frames receiving glass shall be prepared and
treated with primer for putty prior to glazing and putty shall be primed
ten days after glazing (See Painting).
Glass louvers shall have ground edges and be fixed in accordance
with the instruction of the louver frame manufacturer.
Mirrors shall be 4mm S.G. silvered plate glass or Swan brand with
polished edges, and shall be drilled for and fixed with four chromium
plated screws with detachable dome heads.
On completion remove all broken, scratched or cracked panes and
replace with new to the satisfaction of the Engineer In-charge. Clean
inside and out with approved cleaner. On no account shall scraping
with glass clean windows.
Solid core shutters
Wooden solid core of lightwood with 4mm Teak plywood in both sides
glued and lipped with mould salwood of sample approved by project
engineer. The tolerances for the overall size are +-3mm +-1mm in
thickness.
Where described as “External Quality” flushes doors are to be finished
with weatherproof plywood as before described and the Engineer Incharge must approve sample doors before the doors are completed.
The door shutters are polished with clear chapra polish and painted
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 87 with two coats of touch wood polish.
The doors shall be sticked with moulding of approved design in the
shape as shown in the drawing.
The Door shutters shall have minimum of three pieces of 150mm
brass hinges with brass screws, one IPSA Mortise lock of heavy duty
or equivalent, two pieces of 150mm brass tower bolts of good quality
with brass screws, 75 mm doorstopper.
Construction Procedure
The window shutters may be fully panelled, fully glazed, partly glazed
and partly panelled, battened or Venetian as specified. Styles and
panels shall be neatly planed and truly finished to exact dimensions.
Styles and rails shall be framed properly and accurately with mortise
and tenon joints and fixed with bamboo pins as per drawing. Glue
shall be applied at al joints before clamping and fixing with bamboo
pins. Panels shall be of one piece without any joints and shall be
housed with 12.5mm insertion into rails and styles.
Panels shall be of thickness as specified in the drawing. All rails
above 100mm in width shall have double tenon. No tenon shall
exceed 6mm the thickness of the member. In case of swing door,
swing door hung in lace shall not be rebated together. It shall be fitted
with vision panels.
Measurement
Measurement of works will be made in m2 of works as specified.
Payment
Payment for work will be made on the basis of contract unit price
indicated in the BOQ.
The payment will be full and final compensation for all material,
labour, and equipment to complete the works as specified.
Measurement
Measurement of works will be made in m2 of works as specified.
Payment
Payment for work will be made on the basis of contract unit price
indicated in the BOQ. The payment will be full and final compensation
for all material, labour, and equipment to complete the works as
specified.
NB:These specifications may be adopted for other type of shutters viz
plywood, teak, GI sheet flush doors etc as well. For such items
replace glass with relevant material as specified.
G7
MS roding in
window
frames
As specified and instructed by the Engineer-in-Charge and detailed
working drawings, if any.
For shutter, the thickness of 38mm salwood panel shall be used for
carving and decorative works, unless otherwise mentioned. The
section size of door frame for decorative door shall be 75mm x
125mm section or 100mmx100mm or equivalent to this section or as
approved by the engineer
Carved
wooden door Construction Procedure
and windows The carving of the doors and windows should be refined aesthetically
with reflection carving craftsmanship as approved by Architect
For the main decorative carved door shutter, the shutter shall be fitted
1 nos. of 300mm brass aldrop, 2 nos. 200mm brass door handle, 4
nos. of 250mm tower bolt, 6 nos. 25x25x125mm brass hinges, nails,
Page 88 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) screws, with at least three coats of chapra polish, or as per drawing
and instruction of engineer, all complete.
Measurement
Measurement of works will be made in m2 of works as specified.
The measurement of door frames inclusive of carved wooden door
shutters shall be done only once in Sqm. The quantity shall be derived
by multiplying full length and full breadth of the door frames inclusive
of door shutter.
The rate shall include both salwood door frame and door shutter
works with paints in square meter of length and breadth of door size.
Payment
Payment for work will be made on the basis of contract unit price
indicated in the BOQ. The payment will be full and final compensation
for all material, labour, and equipment to complete the works as
specified.
Mica
G15, G16 lamination
works
G17 –
G20
Aluminium
doors and
windows
As specified and instructed by the Engineer-in-Charge and detailed
working drawings, if any.
These shall be fabricated from 15 micron natural or colour anodized
Aluminium profiles conforming to IS: 733-1983. The glazing glass
shall be clear IAG float glass or equivalent without any distortion.
The window shall be made out of extruded aluminium section (Al. Mg.
Si.) and shall conform to IS – 63400, AA-6063 unless otherwise
directed. Aluminium sections shall be anodized and the anodic film
shall be 12-15 microns. The colours shall be as directed. The 2-3
tracks on outer frame of standard size otherwise directed shall be
fixed in the position by using heavy duty plastic grips with necessary
plugs and fillers. All the sliding shutters shall be provided with two ball
bearing rollers and ratting pieces/guides one each at the top and
bottom, weather strips all around. Openable window shall be double
weather stripped, one strip shall be provided in outer frame and outer
shall be in the shutter frame. The hinges or stay hinges of openable
window shall be strong. Pin of the hinges shall be of non-corroding
materials, preferably nylon/steel. All the joints shall be mechanically
fixed. All the window shutter shall be provided with special locking
arrangement. Glass shall be fixed in the shutter by means of rubber
gaskets.
Construction Procedures
The sliding window frames are of two-track design and the shutters
are to be jointed by special cleats for extra strength. Rollers mounted
on ball bearings are to be fitted to obtain smooth operation. The
sliding shutters shall have provisions for grooves for weather strips to
exclude wind, water or dust ingress. The shutters are glazed with
4mm thick approved quality and clear transparent glass using gaskets
of ethylene- propylene or PVC (EPDM/ PVC). The doorframe shall be
made of aluminium extrusion as per design. The ventilator frames with
fixed glass shall be of same dimension as the sliding two-track frame.
The frames and shutters are to be fabricated by using the crimping
method of corner jointing. Corners of frames are to be miter cut on
high speed TCT saw machines to give burr free corners. Sturdy
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 89 G21
Page 90 corner cleats should hold the frames with only a hairline corner joint
visible and the frames should be square/ rectangular and free from
distortions. The frames shall be firmly secured to the walls in line and
level. Only aluminium screws shall be used for joining and no welding
will be allowed. The joint between the frame and the plaster on walls,
sill and lintel beam shall be filled with silicon sealant. The aluminium
windows/ ventilators/ doors shall be free from scratches and other
visible defects.
The frames are fixed to the wall with plastic grips and steel screws of
suitable colour.
Standard Sizes, Tolerances and Designations
The overall sizes of aluminium doors, windows and ventilators are
derived after allowing 1.25 mm clearances on all the four sides for the
purpose of fitting the doors, windows and ventilators into modular
openings.
Tolerances
The sizes for doors, windows and ventilators frames shall not vary by
more than ±1.5 mm.
Glass Panes
Glass panes shall weigh at least 7.5 kg/m2 and shall be free from
flaws, specks or bubbles. All panes shall have properly squared
corners and straight edges.
Stainless Steel Friction Stay
The stainless steel friction stays of make approved by the Engineerin-Charge shall be used.
Lockable Handles
The lockable handle shall be of make approved by the Engineer-inCharge and of required colour to match the colour of powder coated
/anodized aluminium window sections.
Tubular Handle
The tubular handle bar shall be aluminium polyester powder coated
minimum 50 micron to the required colour/anodized AC 15. Outer dia
of tube shall be 32 mm, tube thickness 3.0 mm and centre to centre
length 2115 mm + 5 mm.
Measurement
Measurement of works will be made in m2 of works as specified.
Rate
Rate shall include full and final compensation for all material, labour,
and equipment to complete the works as specified.
Polyvinyl chloride Resin suspension grade is the basic raw material
for forming PVC compound. PVC resin then is mixed with chemicals
like Calcium, Stearate, Hydrocarbon Wax, Titanium Dioxide, Calcium
Carbonate, and Acrylic processing aids. Further, additives like impact
modifiers, pigments, epoxy plasticizer, UV stabilizer, lubricants,
chemical blowing agent etc. are added. The purpose of adding the
UPVC doors
chemicals and additives is to impart cellular structure, strength,
and windows
surface finish, colour and resistance to fading by light rays. These
chemicals are mixed in the desired proportion and shall be used in the
formulation of PVC material and for free and smooth extrusion of PVC
profiles.
The Upvc work as scheduled and detailed shall be fabricated as per
the Drawings. Fabricated Upvc work covered by this specification
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) shall be supplied and installed by the well-known local Upvc
fabricators or manufacturer as approved by the Engineer.
Before placing any orders the Contractor shall state the name of the
window manufacturer he has selected from the list of approved
manufacturers. The nominated manufacturer shall not be changed
without prior approval of the Engineer.
Manufacture
Upvc work shall be fabricated in accordance with the standard
Manufacturer manual and as per the Drawings showing jointing
details, hardware and extrusion profiles. It will be the Upvc fabricator's
responsibility to ensure that all fabricated Upvc work is carried out in
accordance with the Drawings. The frame and the rebate shall be a
monolithic unit. All the members shall be free of stains and any
damage. If any damage or defects during delivery or after fitting in
position are found, the defects shall be rectified immediately or
replaced at the Contractor’s expense. The Contractor shall attach all
necessary product and quality specification along with the quotation.
All the frames and shutters shall be of the same color.
The fly mesh net:
if applicable, shall be stainless steel jali (fly mesh net) or as approved
by the A/E. The jali shall be fitted neatly and cleanly in the shutter and
shall be tight and plain throughout the shutter. Any damage during
fitting or delivery will not be accepted. The Contractor shall replace
the fly mesh immediately at no additional cost if the fly mesh is found
to be damaged after fitting and fixing in position.
The contractor shall verify the exact dimension at site before
fabrication. In the event of any changes, the Contractor shall be timely
informed by the Upvc contractor (in the event of third party supply) at
the time of masonry works. Any demolition and/or re-masonry work
due to the lack of co-ordination between the Upvc contractor and the
civil contractor will be the responsibility of the Contractor and it is
incumbent on the Contractor to co-ordinate, as appropriate, with the
UPVC.
Workshop Drawings
The contractor shall arrange for the preparation of complete workshop
drawings of all fabricated Upvc work and shall submit same to the
Engineer for approval.
Flashing
All flashings required to be built in as the work proceeds shall be
supplied by the Contractor and built in by the trade concerned. All
other flashings as detailed on the Drawings shall be supplied and
fixed in position by the fabricator.
Hardware Fittings
Hinges, handles, knobs, locks, ball catchers, bolts, door stoppers,
door closers, door spring adjustable shelf fittings and other hardware
fittings for doors and windows shall be of the best quality and of the
specified make and approved by the Engineer. The size number,
make etc. shall be as per the hardware schedules as shown on
drawings or BOQ.
Measurements
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 91 It shall be done in square meter of the area done.
Rate
Rate shall be for all labour and materials, accessories, all complete.
11. H. Flooring Works
H1
Page 92 Concrete
flooring
Materials:
Cement: Portland cement as per specification under “Concrete Work”
Aggregate of 12mm nominal gauge shall be properly gauged. Sieving
may be insisted upon in which case the contractor shall provide/
supply necessary sieves and labour at his own cost.
Sand shall be clean inner bed. Grain distribution shall be same as
described under ‘Plastering’.
Proportion:
The concrete shall be either 1:2:4 mix or 1:4:8 mix or as specified in
the drawing. All mix shall be batched by volume except cement, which
shall be proportioned by weight and as specified.
Mixing:
Mixing shall be done on a watertight platform. Material shall be dry
mixed after accurately gauging different materials in wooden boxes.
The dry mixture shall be turned over thrice (at least) till the colour is
uniform and then twice while wet. Water shall be added gradually and
no more than necessary to sufficiently wet the materials. Only that
much concrete shall be mixed which can be used within half an hour.
Each stock of dry mix shall not be larger than consuming one bag of
cement. In case of machine mixing IS. Code shall be strictly followed
and the mixing done under the supervision of the site In-charge.
Preparation of Sub-grade
The sub-grade shall be cleared of all loose earth, rubbish, and other
foreign matter. If necessary the sub-grade shall be cleaned with wire
brushes. Cleaned sub-grade shall then be wetted with water
thoroughly, but no water pool shall be allowed. Necessary slope shall
be given in the sub-grade itself. If the sub-grade is of lean concrete
the flooring shall be commenced within 48 hours.
Placing
Concrete shall be laid in horizontal layers and gently rammed.
Finishing
It shall be compacted first with wood float. The blows shall be fairly
heavy but as consolidation takes place, light rapid strokes shall be
given. Beating shall continue till all hollows in concrete are filled with
mortar paste. Then the surface shall be trawled till the moisture
disappears. The surface shall be checked with straight edge. The
surface must be uniform in colour. Immediately after trawling, wellmixed neat cement slurry mixed integrally with hardening liquid 2
litres. to 50kg of cement shall be sprinkled in a uniform layer at the
rate of 2.2 kg. per sq.m. The cement slurry shall be trawled smooth
with a steel float several times till approved finish is achieved. The
surface shall be without the float marks or air holes. Sample of
workmanship shall be got to approved prior to work.
Curing
Curing shall not be commenced until the top layer has hardened.
Hardened concrete shall be kept wet for 15 days. Covering with empty
cement gunnies shall be avoided, as the colour is likely to be
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Mosaic/
Terrazzo Tile
H2 – H5
Flooring
bleached with the remnants of cement matter from the bags
Measurement
It shall be measured in square meter for specified thickness measured
from wall to wall exclusive of any finishing or as per instructions of
Engineer.
Unless otherwise stated in the schedule of quantities, nothing extra
shall be admissible for small areas and corners and work in any
shape. No deductions shall however, be made for protruding or
independent columns occurring in the floors, door frames embedded
in floor or any other part out when the area does not exceed 0.1 m2
for each. However nothing extra shall be allowed for the cutting
involved at such places.
Marble Chips: Marble chips shall be of 3 mm gauge having maximum
size 3mm and minimum size of 1.5 mm and shall be of good quality.
The color shall be as per the instruction of engineer or drawings.
Sample of marble stone to be used shall be submitted to the Project
manager and his approval should be taken before the bulk purchase.
All the marble chips supplied shall conform to the approved sample in
all respect.
Proportion and Mixing
Base course
For cement concrete base course, All mix (as per specified
proportion) shall be batched by volume except cement, which shall be
proportioned by weight and as specified. Mixing shall be done on a
watertight platform. Material shall be dry mixed after accurately
gauging different materials in wooden boxes. The dry mixture shall be
turned over thrice (at least) till the color is uniform and then twice
while wet. Water shall be added gradually and no more than
necessary to sufficiently wet the materials. Only that much concrete
shall be mixed which can be used within half an hour. Each stock of
dry mix shall not be larger than consuming one bag of cement. In
case of machine mixing IS. Code shall be strictly followed and the
mixing done under the supervision of the site In-charge.
For cement sand Base Course: 1 part cement; 2 parts sand and
mixing shall be done as per specification for mortar mixing of brick
masonry work
Top course:
The marble chips and cement shall be mixed by measuring with
boxes to have the required proportion firsed dry mixed, and then
thoroughly mixed by adding water gradually to have a uniform plastic
mix. Within two hours of laying of the bottom layer of cement
concrete, the upper layer of marble chips and cement shall be laid,
and the surface tamped lightly and finished perfectly level with straight
edge float and trowel. After about 2 hours of laying, the surface shall
be covered with wet bags and kept wet and left undisturbed for two
days. The surface shall then be cut or ground by rubbing with sand
stone blocks and all the cement in the surface removed. A neat
cement wash shall then be given in the surface and left undisturbed
for six days and then the surface shall be ground (or rubbed) with
carborundum stones of different grades starting with coarse one and
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 93 H6, H25,
Tiling
H29, H39
Page 94 successively with finer ones, and the rubbing continued until the entire
surface shows a uniform granular appearance. The surface should be
kept wet during all these days. After final rubbing the surface shall be
thoroughly cleaned by washing with soap water and then with clean
water.
Laying
The base shall be made rough and watered and given a cement wash
and then the mortar shall be laid in 20 mm. thick layers as per
instruction of Engineer. After laying mortar, it should be levelled with
wooden floats. Proper slope for draining wash water shall be provided
as per instruction of the Engineer. And over this, marble stone should
be laid; the joints should not be more than 3 mm. The joints should be
painted with white cement slurry.
Curing
After about two hours of laying, the surface shall be covered with wet
bags and kept wet and left undisturbed for two days.
Finish
Finally, when the surface is absolutely dry, oxalic acid powder shall be
rubbed well on the surface with grinding machine with water, and this
operation shall be repeated until the surface becomes perfectly
smooth and glossy. The surface shall be rubbed with wax to give a
glazing surface. White cement or color cement shall be used in joint to
have the required color as per specified or as per instruction of
Engineer. Care shall be taken that the floor is not left slippery and that
ordinary wax is not used under any circumstances
If required by the Engineer, the grinding and polishing shall be done
by grinding machine in 3 operations, first grinding with machine fitted
with coarse Carborundum stone, second grinding with medium grade
Carborundum stone and final grinding with fine grade Carborundum
stone.
Measurement
Measurement shall be in square meter of exact length and breadth
(length and height in dado) of the floor.
Rate
Rate shall include materials, mixing, laying, curing, finishing, grinding,
polishing and labor etc., all complete.
Tiles: The tile material for Glazed/Non-glazed Vitrified Porcelain
(Granite Viglacera-Vietnam, Portebello- Brazil or equivalent make) /
Glazed/Non-glazed Ceramic tiles (Somany, Kajaria or equivalent
make), shall confirm to IS:777 (respective IS standards) or Equivalent
approved by the Engineer
The tiles shall be of approved colour, size and shape or as shown in
the drawings. and shall be laid to the pattern approved by the
Engineer. The tiles shall be of uniform colour, true to size and shape
and free from cracks, twists, uneven edges, crazing and other defects.
The size and thickness of the tiles shall be as specified. The
contractor shall submit samples of tile for selection and approval by
the Engineer In-charge and all tiles delivered to the site shall conform
to the approved samples with regard to size, quality, texture and
colour.
Mixing:
Mixing shall be done as per specification for mortar mixing of brick
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) masonry work
Preparation of Surface and installation
Wall surfaces shall be brushed cleaned and wetted. Prior to installing
any tile, the Contractor shall inspect surface and conditions in areas to
receive tile work and shall notify the Engineer of any serious defects
or conditions that will interfere with or prevent a satisfactory tile
installation and shall coordinate with other traders of work.
Approximately 12 mm thick level and plumb, scratch coat of cement
mortar 1:4 or as specified by site engineer shall be applied. The
scratch coat shall be moist cured for at least 24 hours before
application of floating coat.
Before applying floating coat the scratch coat shall be thoroughly
wetted. The floating coat, plastic mix of neat cement of approximately
3 mm thickness shall be applied even with screeds to true plane.
Floating coat shall be applied over areas no larger than can be
covered with tile while the mortar is still plastic (half set).
Glazed tile shall be soaked, completely immersed in clean water at
least 30 minutes and drained. Individual tile that exhibits drying along
edges shall be allowed to remain on the backs of tile at the time of
setting.
Tiles shall be installed by applying a skin coat of a plastic mix of neat
cement to backs of tile and firmly pressing tile into the floating coat to
true plane and position. White cement shall be used for the skin coat
where white joints are required.
During the process of setting tiles, continuous horizontal and vertical
cuts every 40cm to 60 cm shall be made through the floating coat
while plastic, using the point of a trowel turned edge wise, Care shall
be taken to prevent cutting into the scratch coat.
Where full size tile cannot be laid, it shall be cut (sawn) to required
size and edges rubbed smooth to ensure a true and straight joint.
All tile work finishing shall be adequately protected from damage
during the progress of construction and any damage shall be repaired
to the satisfaction of the Engineer at the Contractor's expense.
Joints in Tile Work
Joints in tile work shall be accurately aligned with horizontal joints
level and vertical joints plumb. Joints shall be maintained uniformly
wide by aligning spacer lugs on tile edges if tiles are so manufactured
or by use of wetted strings.
Tile Layout
Tiles shall be laid out in such a way that no tile less than half size
occurs. Where tile must be cut at edges or penetrated the cut edges
shall be carefully filed and neatly ground. Chipped, cracked or broken
tile shall not be used and all defective work shall be replaced and
repaired to the satisfaction of the Engineer at the Contractor's
expense.
Grouting the Tile Joints
After tiles have been set firm and strings removed, the tiles shall be
dampened and joints grouted full with a plastic mix of neat cement by
trowel, brush or finger application. Unless otherwise directed, grout
shall be white cement. During grouting all excess grout shall be
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 95 H7 – H10
Flag Stone
paving
H11
Telia brick
pavement
Page 96 cleaned off the tile surface with damp cloth sponges
The finished floor surface shall be true to required levels.
All tile work finishing shall be adequately protected from damage
during the progress of construction till completion and any damage
shall be repaired to the satisfaction of the Engineer at the Contractor's
expense. Upon completion prior to final inspection and acceptance,
the Contractor shall clean all tile work. Acids or agents liable to
damage the work shall be avoided. If tile surface show mass
scratches, crack or other imperfections, which cannot be removed by
cleaning; the Contractor shall remove the defective material and
replace with new material at no additional expense. Sample of
workmanship and tile grout proposed (silicone) shall be approved
prior to execution of work.
Measurement
The measurement shall be in square meters of the work done
including the setting mortar. The rate shall be for the material and
labour, all complete.
Flag stone of specified thickness shall be of uniform colour free from
cracks and other defects. Each of the four edges shall be trimmed to
four straight lines with right angle to other edge unless otherwise
stated. The size of the flagstone shall be of uniform in width of 45cm
and the variable length not less than 30cm. Thickness of the slab shall
not exceed more than 50mm nor be less than 30mm.
Laying
Stone slab of specified thickness shall be laid on sand bed or 1:4
cement sand bed as specified by engineer. Joints shall be kept as thin
as possible and shall not exceed 6mm and all the joints are pointed
with 1:1 Cement sand mortar unless specified otherwise by engineer.
Laying shall start from one side in the slope as indicated in drawing or
instruction. Under no circumstances shall the contractor insert small
stone chips underneath the slab to raise its level to desired level. After
the slabs of stone are laid, the mortar in the joints shall be raked to a
depth of 12.5mm to 20mm. Joints flush pointed with 1:1 cement sand
mortar. Special care shall be taken to protect the floor from walking
over it before it is completely dry or in any event not earlier than 3
days.
Sample of floor stone shall be produced before site In-charge for
approval and the contractor shall procure only those stone slabs that
clearly and definitely confirm with the approved sample. At any case,
the procured slabs shall be exhibited before using as floor slab.
Measurement
It shall be measured in square meter for specified thickness.
Telia tiles are to be uniform in size, shape and colour and free from
twist and other defects, in every respect equal to samples to be
deposited with and approved by the Engineer In-charge.
Measurement
Measurement of works will be made in m2 of plan area of works.
Payment
Payment for work will be made on the basis of contract unit price
indicated in the BOQ. The payment will be full and final compensation
for all material, labour, and equipment to complete the works as
specified.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) H12,
H15a
H13,
H15b,
H17
Flat Brick
Soling
Brick On
Edge Soling
H14, H38 Parqueting
H16, H18 Stone soling
H19
Sand filling
The flat brick soling shall be made in foundation and floor. The brick
laying/ soling shall be done over the 5cm sand filling in line and level
Each brick shall be laid separately and tamped firmly in place in the
sand bed. Joints between bricks shall be filled with dry sand. On
completion the surface shall be true to line and level with no part
deviating from true line and level by more than 20mm. No mud on
sand filling shall be allowed when level is not maintained in
excavation.
The Brick on Edge brick soling shall be made in foundation and floor.
The brick laying/ soling shall be done over the 5cm sand filling in line
and level Each brick shall be laid separately and tamped firmly in
place in the sand bed. Joints between bricks shall be filled with dry
sand. On completion the surface shall be true to line and level with no
part deviating from true line and level by more than 20mm. No mud on
sand filling shall be allowed when level is not maintained in
excavation.
Providing and laying 12mm thick wooden parquet flooring of natural
wild shishum, including Chapra polishing to smooth finished floor
surfaces as per drawing, specification and direction of engineer, all
complete, in m².
Material
The wooden parquet flooring shall be of natural wild shishum in
standard size (e.g. minimum size of 70mm x 280mm x 12mm or
50mm x 300mm x 12mm parquet tile) or equivalent as approved by
the Engineer. The moisture content shall be not more than 8%.
Laying
(These wooden tiles are laid over the dust and grease free cement
surface floor. The floor is adequately spread with adhesive and tiles
are laid. The joints of one tile to other tile should +-. 05mm.)
The wild shishum wooden parquet flooring shall be provided on neatly
finished and levelled IPS flooring. The tiles shall be laid over standard
base of wood, using parquet adhesive in pattern approved by the
Engineer. The smoothly finished surface shall be sandpapered, and
finely finished with chapra polish as approved.Over these surface two
coats of transparent lacquer paints are applied.
The Contractor shall submit sample of material for approval of the
Engineer. The Contractor shall also erect a sample panel of 900mm x
900mm or larger size for his approval of the finished workmanship
prior to commencement of the work.
Measurement
It shall be measured from wall to wall of actual work done in square
meters, which shall include skirting works also.
Rate
Rate shall include all material, laying, finishing, skirting and labour
etc., all complete.
Refer to dry stone masonry
Sand filling in floor shall be done with proper ramming in 23mm
layers, after sprinkling with water and consolidating. Sand shall be
free from rubbish, organic materials etc. Particular care shall be
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 97 Brickbat
Filling
H20
H21
Neat cement
punning
Wooden
planking
Concrete
H22, H23 interlocking
tiles
Page 98 exercised not to dump sand in space between foundation trench and
inside face of the masonry.
Measurement shall be in cu.m. of consolidated actual Work.
Brickbat boulders shall be hard, tough, sound and durable. No
brickbat shall be more than 5cm. Boulders shall be laid in their natural
bed. Smaller size boulders/pebbles shall be used to fill up gaps
between boulders in order to form uniform well-knitted floor structure.
Measurement shall be in cubic meter of actual length, breadth and
depth.
Refer to plaster works, exclude sand.
The seasoned and aldrin treated Timber Planks of finished size of
450mm x65mm x15mm of specified hardwood or as directed by the
consultant shall be used and laid in approved type of pattern over
levelled cement punned surfaces and fixed to the floor with Dendrite
glue or water repellent Glue and each tile is screwed to ground with
two nos. sheet metal screws and grip. At the edges, of floor the plank
should have minimum of 8mm gap for the expansion and contraction.
The top surface shall be finished in perfect line and level.
The planks shall be painted with chapra paints as per the
specifications and finished with 2 coats of Polyurethane paints as
wearing coat. The texture of the floors shall be in mat or as instructed
by the Project In-charge.
The cement concrete interlocking tiles of approved shape size and
color shall be provided in cement sand mortar. These shall be either
pre-cast concrete blocks or cast-in-situ concrete. Cement sand mortar
used for bedding and joint shall be in 1:4 ratio.
Laying
The tiles shall be laid on either concrete or compacted sand-gravel as
indicated in the Drawing.
In the case of cement sand base , it shall be 1 part cement; 4 parts
sand and mixing shall be done as per specification for mortar mixing
of brick masonry work laid to the dimensions, lines and levels shown
in the Drawing and well compacted by ramming or other means.
Before laying the foundation of lean concrete, the base shall be
leveled and slightly watered to make it damp.
In the case of sand gravel it shall consist of a material approved by
the Engineer. The tiles shall then be laid out and bedded on 12 mm
thick cement sand mortar of 1:4 ratios. The gaps between the
block/slabs shall not be more than 12 mm and shall be filled with 1:4
cement sand mortar.
Tests and Standard of Acceptance
Concrete shall be tested in accordance with specification for concrete
and shall meet the specified criteria. All tiles shall be laid true to the
lines and levels shown on the Drawing or as instructed by the
Engineer.
Measurement
The work shall be measured in square meter of the area. Concrete
and/or sand-gravel foundation shall be measured in cubic meters.
Excavation for foundation shall not be measured. It is deemed
included in the measurement of the tiles.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Payment
The tiles measured as above shall be paid at the contract unit rate
which shall be the full and the final compensation to the Contractor.
Concrete and/or sand-gravel foundation shall be paid for separately,
as provided under respective Sections of these Specifications.
The plaster of Paris shall be of semi – hydrate variety calcium
sulphate. Its fineness shall be such that when sieved through a sieve
of IS sieve designation 3.35mm for 5 minutes, after drying the residue
left on it shall be not more than 1% by weight. It shall not be too quick
setting. Initial setting time shall not be less than 13 minutes.
Preparation of Surface
Projecting burrs of mortar formed during existing cement plaster shall
be removed. The surface shall be scrubbed clean with wire brushes.
In addition the plastered surface shall be pock marked with pointed
tool, at spacing of not more than 4cm centers and depth of pocks to
be approx. 3mm deep. This is to ensure a proper key for the plaster.
The surface shall be cleaned of oil and grease marks etc.
Application
The material shall be mixed with water to a workable consistency.
Plaster of Paris shall be applied directly on the wall plasters in suitable
size panels and finished t a smooth surface by a steel trowels. The
plaster shall be applied in such a manner that it fully fills the gaps the
thickness over the plastered surface is as specified in the description
of the item. The finished surface shall be smooth and true to plane,
slopes or curves as required.
Measurement
Measurement shall be in square meter of area of application. Rate
shall include materials, mixing, laying, curing, finishing and labour etc.
all complete.
H24
Plaster of
Paris works
H25
Clay tiling
Refer to glazed tiling works
Granite
flooring
Materials
Cement:
Portland cement (white as well) as per specification under
“Concrete Work”
Sand:
As per specification under “Concrete Work”
Granite: Granite shall be of good quality, 16 ± 2mm thick, having
smooth, hard polished surface, regular in shape, size and of uniform
thickness, of good appearance, and of sharp and square edges. It
shall be free from cracks and other defects. The color and size shall
be as per the instruction of the engineer and drawing. Sample of
granite stone to be used shall be submitted to the engineer and his
approval should be taken before the bulk purchase. All the granite
stone supplied shall conform to the approved sample in all respect.
Proportion
Base Course: 1 part cement; 2 parts sand and mixing shall be done
as per specification for mortar mixing of brick masonry work
Dressing
Each granite stone slab shall be machine cut to required size and
shape as specified in the drawings. All angles and edges of the
granite slabs shall be true and square and free from chippings and the
H26
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 99 H27
H31
Page 100 surface shall be true and plane. The thickness of the stone shall be as
specified in the drawings. No tolerance shall be allowed for thickness.
The granite slabs shall be mirror polished. All granite stones shall be
brought pre-polished to the site. The contractor shall prepare samples
and obtain approval of the Engineers before proceeding with the work.
The contractor shall ensure that no chisel marks are visible on the
surface of the stone before fixing. Stones with chisel marks or broken
edges shall be rejected.
Laying
The base shall be made rough and watered and given a cement wash
and then the mortar shall be laid in 19-20 mm. thick layers as per
instruction of Engineer. After laying mortar, it should be leveled with
wooden floats. Proper slope for draining wash water shall be provided
as per instruction of the Engineer. And over this, granite stone should
be laid; the joints should not be more than 1.5 mm. The joints should
be painted with approved colored cement slurry.
Curing
After about 2 hours of laying, the surface shall be covered with wet
bags and kept wet and left undisturbed for 2 days.
Finish
Finally, when the surface is absolutely dry, the surface shall be
rubbed with wax to give a glazing surface, as per instruction of
Engineer. Care shall be taken that the floor is not left slippery and that
ordinary wax is not used under any circumstances
Measurement
Measurement shall be in square meter of exact length and breadth of
the floor. Rate shall include materials, mixing, laying, curing, finishing
and labor etc. all complete.
Providing and laying of pre-cast Anti-slip (300X 300) cement tile of
approved pattern in Ramp and other specified area in cement mortar
1:4 (1 Cement : 4 Sand) and pointing the joints with cement mortar of
same color as of cement tile all complete.
The Pre-cast cement tile shall conform to relevant standard of NS and
IS of latest revision. The surface shall be cleaned of all dust particles
and impurities that affect cement mortar.
Proportion
Anti-slip
Base Course: 1 part cement; 4 parts sand and mixing shall be done
Precast
as per specification for mortar mixing of brick masonry work
Cement Tile
Installation
The tile shall be laid in cement mortar having 20mm thickness
minimum. All the joints shall be finished as per the drawing and
instruction of the Engineer. A sample of workmanship shall be
approved prior to execution of work.
Measurement:
It shall be measured in square meter of the area covered including
materials and labor complete.
The tiles shall be of vitreous ware and free from deleterious
substances. The iron oxide content allowable in the raw material shall
Acid or alkali
not exceed two percent. The tiles shall be vitrified at the temperature
resistant tiles
of 11000C and above and shall be kept unglazed. The finished, tile,
when fractured shall appear fine grained in texture, dense and
homogenous. The tiles shall be sound, true to shape, flat and free
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) H32
Vinyl sheet
flooring
from flows and manufacturing defects affecting their utility. The tiles
shall be of required colour.
Dimensions and Tolerances
Ceramic unglazed vitreous acid-resistant tiles shall be made in three
sizes namely 98.5 X 98.5 mm, 148.5 X 148.5 mm and 198.5 X 198.5
mm. They shall be available in the following thickness: 25, 20 and 15
mm. The depth of the grooves on the underside of the tile shall not
exceed 3 mm. Tolerance on length, breadth and thickness of tiles
shall be + 2 percent.
Shape
The tiles shall be square shaped. Half tiles rectangular in shape shall
also be available. Half tiles for use with full tiles shall have dimensions
which shall be such as to make two half tiles, when joined together,
match with the dimension of full tile. The shape of tiles other than
square shall be as agreed to between the purchaser and the
manufacturer.
Marking
Tiles shall be legibly marked on the back with the name of the
manufacturer or his trade mark, manufacturer’s batch number and
year of manufacture. Each tile may also be marked with the standard
certification mark.
Preparation of Surface and Laying
The cement used to be acid and or alkali resistant cement and
cement mortar to be used to be acid and or Alkali resistant mortar.
Thickness of bedding of mortar for flooring to be 10 mm or specified
on the item and for dado/skirting to be 12 mm or specified on item.
Rate
The rate for flooring shall include the cost of all materials and labour
involved in all the operations described above.
Providing and laying plain, textured, coloured vinyl Tiles with color and
patterns as indicated or as approved by site engineer/ Architect,
including compatible adhesive over previously prepared substrate,
with polyurethane surface treatment as per drawing and design
requirement.
Materials
Vinyl Sheet :
As specified in BOQ.or as per site engineers approval. Contractor
shall submit manufacturer’s technical data for flooring and accessory.
Welding Thread:
Vinyl thread or rod shall be used as produced by the manufacturer of
sheet vinyl flooring and intended for heat sealing of joints. Color shall
match field of sheet vinyl floor covering unless otherwise specified by
engineer
Adhesive:
Only Manufacturer approved adhesive as compatible to the tiles, as
approved by site engineer/architect shall be used. Manufacturer
approved adhesives shall be submitted to site engineer/ Architect for
approval.
Preparation of Surface and Installation
Subfloor surface shall be solid, dry, smooth and free from cracks,
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 101 H33 –
H37
Page 102 Marble
flooring
holes, ridges, or coatings preventing adhesive bond and other defects
impairing performance or appearance. Slab substrates shall be dry
and free of curing compounds, sealers, hardeners and other materials
that may interfere with adhesive bond. Coatings from subfloor
surfaces that would prevent adhesive bond, including curing
compounds incompatible with flooring adhesives, paints, oils, waxes
and sealers shall be removed.Adhesion and dryness characteristics
shall be determined by performing bond and moisture tests
recommended by flooring manufacturer.
Cementitious leveling and patching compounds as recommended by
site Engineer shall be used for filling small cracks, holes and
depressions and leveling subfloors. This contractor shall be
responsible for leveling new or existing floors whose surface varies up
to 5/16”. Site engineer shall be notified in writing where substrate
varies more than above before proceeding with the work. Gypsum
based leveling compounds shall not be accepted.
Flooring and accessories shall be installed only after other finishing
operations, including painting, have been completed. Flooring shall
not be installed over concrete slabs until the latter have been cured
and are sufficiently dry to achieve bond with adhesive. Any
unsatisfactory work shall be informed to site engineer.
Flooring work shall not be commenced until the subfloor surfaces are
satisfactory and approved by site engineer. Installation shall be
carried out as per manufacturer's instruction after approval from site
engineersThe finished floor surface shall be true to required levels.
All flooring work finishing shall be adequately protected from damage
during the progress of construction and any damage shall be repaired
to the satisfaction of the Engineer at the Contractor's expense. Upon
completion prior to final inspection and acceptance, the Contractor
shall clean all work. Agents liable to damage the work shall be
avoided. If surface show mass scratches, crack or other
imperfections, which cannot be removed by cleaning; the Contractor
shall remove the defective material and replace with new material at
no additional expense. Sample of workmanship and tile grout
proposed (silicone) shall be approved prior to execution of work.
Marble stone: Marble shall be of good quality having smooth, hard
surface, regular in shape, size and of uniform thickness, of good
appearance, and of sharp and square edges. It shall be free from
cracks and other defects. Marble stone of uniform size with more than
45cm and the minimum length of 1200mm to fit in the counter and
floor, may be from Godavari Marble factory (polished of minimum size
600mmx600mm) or Rajasthani (Indian) Marble equivalent conforming
to IS 1130 – latest Revision or BS specification or as approved by the
engineer. No small marble will be allowed except in the thin wall or
skirting or the edges or unless specified by engineer. The marble
must be backed with the nylon grip net. . The marble shall be of
minimum thickness of 20mm. The colour shall be as per the
instruction of engineer or drawings. Sample of marble stone to be
used shall be submitted to the Project manager and his approval
should be taken before the bulk purchase. All the marble stone
supplied shall conform to the approved sample in all respect.
Proportion
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) H33a
Cast in situ
crazy marble
flooring
Base Course: 1 part cement; 2 parts sand and mixing shall be done
as per specification for mortar mixing of brick masonry work
Dressing
Each marble stone slab shall be machine cut to required size and
shape as specified in the drawing and as instructed by engineer. All
angles and edges of the marble slabs shall be true and square and
free from chippings and the surface shall be true and plane. The
thickness of the stone shall be as specified in the drawing. No
tolerance shall be allowed for thickness.
For flooring, the marble slabs shall be machine cut with good finish at
edges and corners. The contractor shall ensure that no chisel marks
are visible on the surface of the stone before fixing. Marbles with
chisel marks or broken edges shall be rejected.
Laying
The base shall be made rough and watered and given a cement wash
and then the mortar shall be laid in 20 mm. thick layers as per
instruction of Engineer. After laying mortar, it should be levelled with
wooden floats. Proper slope for draining wash water shall be provided
as per instruction of the Engineer. And over this, marble stone should
be laid; the joints should not be more than 3 mm. The joints should be
painted with white cement slurry.
Curing
After about two hours of laying, the surface shall be covered with wet
bags and kept wet and left undisturbed for two days.
Finish
Finally, when the surface is absolutely dry, oxalic acid powder shall be
rubbed well on the surface with grinding machine with water, and this
operation shall be repeated until the surface becomes perfectly
smooth and glossy. The surface shall be rubbed with wax to give a
glazing surface. White cement or colour cement shall be used in joint
to have the required colour as per specified or as per instruction of
Engineer. Care shall be taken that the floor is not left slippery and that
ordinary wax is not used under any circumstances
If required by the Engineer, the grinding and polishing shall be done
by grinding machine in 3 operations, first grinding with machine fitted
with coarse Carborundum stone, second grinding with medium grade
Carborundum stone and final grinding with fine grade Carborundum
stone.
Measurement
Measurement shall be in square meter of exact length and breadth
(length and height in dado) of the floor. Rate shall include materials,
mixing, laying, curing, finishing, grinding, polishing and labour etc., all
complete.
25mm thick crazy marble flooring consisting of 19mm thick cement
mortar (1:2) with cement sand, and 6mm thick top course (1:1) with
white or color cement with marble chips mixed with marble pieces
including mixing, laying, grinding and polishing to smooth finished
glazed floor surface, all complete, in m².
Materials
Cement: Portland cement (white as well) as per specification under
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 103 “Concrete Work”
Sand as per specification under “Concrete Work”
Aggregate : hard and tough (granite stone) of 12mm gauge, well
graded, clean and free from dust and dirt.
Marble Chips: of 3mm gauge, having maximum size 3mm and
minimum size or 1.5mm. Marble chips for terrazzo flooring shall be
dry, dust free, sharp and hard.
Marble Pieces: 19mm thick of size 200mm to 300mm dimension
Proportion
Base Course: 19mm thick cement mortar of 1:2.
Upper Course: 6mm thick Marble chips and cement of specified (white
or other) (1:1) 1 part marble chips; 1 part cement mixed with
approved size & shape of marble pieces
Mixing
Cement concrete shall be prepared by mixing the ingredients dry by
measuring with boxes to have the required proportion. First cement
and sand shall be mixed dry and this dry mix shall be mixed with
stone chips dry and then mixed by adding water slowly and gradually
and mixed thoroughly to have a uniform mix.
The marble chips and cement shall be mixed by measuring with
boxes to have the required proportion, first dry mixed, and then
thoroughly mixed by adding water gradually to have a uniform plastic
mix.
Laying
The base shall be made rough and watered and given a cement wash
and then the cement sand mortar of 1:2 shall be laid in 19mm thick
layers in panels of 90 CM x 90 CM or as per instruction of Engineer.
Panels shall be bounded by glass dividing strips 6mm thick and 25mm
deep. After laying, the mortar shall be compacted by beating and
tamping and leveled with wooden floats. Proper slope for draining
wash water shall be provided as per instruction on the Engineer.
Within 2 hours of laying of the bottom layer of cement mortar with
pieces of marbles, the upper layer of marble chips and cement shall
be laid, and the surface tamped lightly and finished perfectly level with
straight edge float and trowel. Additional aggregates may be spread
on the finished surface while compacting or rolling so that the final
surface is covered with chips to extent of about 70% of the exposed
area.
Curing
After about 2 hours of laying, the surface shall be covered with wet
bags and kept wet and left undisturbed for 2 days.
Finish
The surface shall be ground by rubbing with sand stone blocks and all
the cement in the surface removed. A neat cement wash shall then be
given in the surface and left undisturbed for 6 days and the surface
shall be ground with carborundum stones of different grades starting
with coarse one and successively with finer ones, and rubbing shall
be continued until the entire surface shows a uniform granular
appearance. The surface should be kept wet during all these days.
After final rubbing, the surface shall be thoroughly cleaned by washing
with soft soap water and then with clean water.
Finally, when the surface is absolutely dry, oxalic acid powder shall be
Page 104 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) rubbed well on the surface with pieces of felt with a few drops of
water, and this operation shall be repeated until the surface becomes
perfectly smooth and glossy. The surface shall be rubbed with wax to
give a glazing surface. White cement or colored cement shall be used
to have the required color as per specified or as per instruction of the
Engineer.
If required by the Engineer, the grinding shall be done by grinding
machine in at least three operations, first grinding with machine fitted
with coarse carborundum stone, second grinding with medium grade
carborundum stone, and final grinding with fine grade carborundum
stone.
Measurement
Measurement shall be in square meter of exact length and breadth of
the floor or length and height in dado. Rate shall include all materials,
mixing, laying, curing, grinding, finishing, polishing and labour etc. all
complete.
11. I. Plaster, Punning and Pointing Works
Plastering shall be started from top and worked down. All putlog holes
shall be properly filled in advance of the plastering as the scaffolding
is being taken down. Wooden screeds 75 mm wide and of the
thickness of the plaster shall be fixed vertically 2.5 to 4 meters apart
to act as gauges and guides in applying the plaster. The mortar shall
be laid on the wall between the screeds using the plaster's float and
pressing the mortar so that the raked joints are properly filled. The
plaster shall then be finished off with a wooden straight edge reaching
across the screeds. The straight edge shall be worked on the screeds
with a small upward and sideways motion 50 mm or 75 mm at a time.
Finally, the surface shall be finished off with a plaster's wooden float.
Metal floats shall not be used.
When recommencing the plastering beyond the work suspended
earlier the edges of the old plaster shall be scraped, cleaned and
wetted before plaster is applied to the adjacent areas.
No portion of the surface shall be left out in a condition to be patched
I1 – I7, General
up later on.
I13 - I16 Plaster Works
The plaster shall be finished to a true and plumb surface and to the
proper degree of smoothness as required by the Engineer.
The average thickness of plaster shall not be less than the specified
thickness. The minimum
Thickness over any portion of the surface shall not be less than the
specified thickness minus 3 mm.
Any cracks which appear in the surface and all portions, which sound
hollow when tapped, or are found to be soft or otherwise defective,
shall be cut out in rectangular shape and re-done as directed by the
Engineer.
The surface to be plastered shall be brushed clean mortar joints of
brick masonry or hollow concrete walls or any other surface to be
plastered shall be raked to a depth of approximately 12mm, and the
surface brushed down with a stiff brush and thoroughly wetted. The
surface shall be free of all dust, loose materials, grease etc.
The mortar shall be first dry mixed, by measuring with boxes to
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 105 required proportion, and then water added slowly and gradually and
mixed thoroughly to uniform consistency.
The thickness of the plaster shall not be less than 12 mm not more
than 20mm. In case of plaster thicker than 20mm, it shall be built by
two or more coats each coat not exceeding 12mm in thickness.
Cement shall be as specified above.
Sand shall be as before specified but shall be graded to a suitable
fineness in accordance with the nature of the plaster, etc., in order to
obtain the finish required.
Lime for plastering shall be as before described in clause 414 and
slaked and run at least four weeks before use.
All other mixes shall be constructed in a like manner.
Moist curing shall be accomplished by keeping the plaster uniformly
damp by suitable means. Moist curing shall start during application
and continue for not less than 7 days.
Hacking
Prices of all paving and plastering etc. shall include for hacking
concrete ceilings, beams, floors etc., by approved means and for
raking out joints of walls 12mm deep to form a proper key. Plastering
on walls generally shall be taken to include flush faces of lintels etc.,
in same.
Surfaces to be paved or plastered must be brushed clean and well
wetted before each coat is applied. All cement plaster shall be kept
continually damp in the interval between application of coats and for
seven days after application of the final coat.
Dubbing out where required shall be composed of similar material to
that following.
Partially or wholly set material will not be allowed to be used or remixed.
Samples
The Contractor shall prepare sample square meter of the plastering
and paving as directed until the quality, texture and finish required is
obtained and approved by the Project Engineer after which all
plastering or paving executed shall conform with the respective
approved sample. No payment shall be accounted for such sampling.
Finish
Care shall be taken to insure that finished plaster surfaces shall be
plumb, square, straight and true to line.
Generally all screeds and paving shall be finished smooth, even and
truly level (unless specifically required to falls and currents, etc.), and
paving shall be steel troweled or floated.
Rendering and plastering shall be finished plumb, square, smooth and
even.
All surfaces to be plastered shall be thoroughly wetted before any
plastering is commenced and the Contractor shall allow in his prices
for dusting external angles with neat cement to give additional
strength.
No plastering will be allowed to take place until all chases for service
have been cut, services installed and chases made good. On no
account may finished plaster surface be chased and made good.
All Work shall be to approval and any not complying with the above
shall be hacked away and replaced, as directed, and at the
Page 106 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Contractor's expense.
Arises and Angles in Plastering
All arises shall be clean and sharp or slightly rounded as directed
including neatly forming miters.
All making good shall be cut out to a rectangular shape, the edges
undercut to form dovetail key and finished flush with face of
surrounding plaster. All cracks, blisters and other defects must be cut
out made good and the whole of the paving and plastering Work left
perfect on completion.
Screeds shall be in cement and sand (1:4) and rates shall include for
thoroughly hacking, cleaning and soaking the receiving structure in
water. No creed shall be laid on a dry structure in any circumstances.
Where changes of floor finish occur they shall be divided by strips as
specified.
The Contractor's special attention is drawn to the fact that all screeds,
immediately after the initial set has taken place, will be required to be
continuously covered in water by the sand trap or other approved
method for at least 10 days. Any screed panel that is found to be dry
before the end of this period shall be removed at the discretion of the
Project Engineer.
Waterproofed external rendering shall consist of minimum 12mm
cement and sand (1:4) rendering at the rate of 2.05 litre to 41 kgs of
cement all in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and
finished perfectly true and even with a wood float.
External Plastering and Rendering:
Waterproofed External Plaster or Rendering work shall consist of
minimum 12.5mm to 16mm as detailed in the Bill of Quantity with
cement/ sand ratio 1:3 or 1:4 at the rate of 1/2 gallon to 90 lbs of
cement all in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and
finished perfectly true and even with a wood float.
Internal Plastering and Rendering:
Internal Plastering or Rendering shall consist of minimum 12.5mm to
16mm as detailed in the Bill of Quantities with cement/ sand ration
1:3, 4 finished perfectly true and even with a wood float.
General
I8 – I12 Pointing
Works
For pointing, the mortar shall be filled and pressed into the raked out
joints, before giving the required finish. The pointing shall then be
finished to proper type given on the Drawing. If type of pointing is not
mentioned on the Drawing the same shall be ruled pointing. For ruled
pointing after the mortar has been filled and pressed into the joints
and finished off level with the edges of the bricks, it shall while still
green be ruled along the centre with a half round tool of such width as
may be specified by the Engineer. The superfluous mortar shall then
be cut off from the edges of the lines and the surface of the masonry
shall also be cleaned of all mortar.
Where external faces of the mortared masonry work will be backfilled
or otherwise permanently covered up, the mortared joint shall be
finished flush to the faces of the adjacent stonework.
Where mortared masonry faces will remain exposed, the mortar joints
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 107 shall be pointed to a consistent style as shown on the Drawing.
Pointing shall be carried out using mortar 1:3 by volume of cement
and sand or as shown on the Drawing. The mortar shall be filled and
pressed into the raked out joints before giving the required finish. The
pointing, if not otherwise mentioned, shall be ruled type for which it
shall, while masonry work is still green, be ruled along the centre with
half round tools of such width as may be specified by the engineer.
The excess mortar shall,then, be taken off from the edges of the lines
and shall not be unnecessarily plastered over the exposed stone
works. The thickness of the joints shall not be less than 3mm for
Ashlar masonry.
Before applying the punning and pointing, the base surface shall be
cleaned, any dust or loose particles removed and thoroughly wetted.
The surface shall be free of all dust, loose materials, grease etc. The
average thickness of the punning and pointing work shall not be less
than 3 mm. The pattern shall be as per instruction of the Engineer or
as shown in the drawings.
The mortar shall be first dry mixed, by measuring with boxes to
required proportion, and then water added slowly and gradually and
mixed thoroughly to uniform consistency.
The coat shall be finished by rubbing with a steel trowel and any
depression shall be filled in and rubbed to shining surface.
Cement shall be as specified above.
Sand shall be as before specified but shall be graded to a suitable
fineness in accordance with the nature of the plaster, etc., in order to
obtain the finish required.
All other mixes shall be constructed in a like manner.
Moist curing shall be accomplished by keeping the plaster uniformly
damp by suitable means. Moist curing shall start during application
and continue for not less than 7 days.
Measurement
Measurement of works will be made in m2 of works as specified.
Payment
Payment for work will be made on the basis of contract unit price
indicated in the BOQ.
The payment will be full and final compensation for all material,
labour, and equipment to complete the works as specified.
11. J. Paint Works
J1 – J29
General
Page 108 All materials shall be delivered on site intact in the original drums or
tins and shall be mixed and applied strictly in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions and to the approval of the Engineer. All
cement paints and washable distemper shall be applied by brush;
emulsion paints shall be applied by means of a brush then rolled. All
enamel paints are applied by brush or sprayed, and bitumen and
bituminous base aluminium paints are applied by brush. Before
application of any paint, adjoining surfaces shall be covered by cloth,
or paper and wherever paints stains it shall be removed before
leaving the work in same day.
The only addition, which will be allowed to be made locally will be
liquid thinners supplied or recommended by the manufacturers and
none shall be, thinned more than approved by the Engineer.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Preparation and priming of surfaces:
Concrete and Cement rendered surfaces shall be smooth and free
from defects and shall be allowed to dry out thoroughly. Surfaces shall
be thoroughly brushed down and left free from all efflorescence, dirt
and dust.
All such surfaces, which are to be finished with oil or enamel paint,
shall be primed with two coats of alkali resisting primer.
Plaster surfaces shall be perfectly smooth and free from defect. All
such surfaces shall be allowed to dry for a minimum period of four
weeks. Surfaces shall be stopped with approved plaster compound,
rubbed down flush, thoroughly brushed down and left free from all
efflorescence, dirt and dust.
Fair-faced surfaces shall be dry, brushed down and free from dust or
dirt and shall be treated with an approved alkali resisting primer (for
plastic emulsion).
Metal work generally shall be thoroughly wire brushed to remove all
scale, rust, and through sand papering shall be done before any
painting is done. Where severe rust exists, the special anti-rust primer
must be used. After painting it shall be stored in covered shed and
60cm above ground.
Shop primed surfaces shall have bare places touched up with an
approved metal primer.
Un-primed surfaces shall be given one coat of primer as last.
Galvanized surfaces, which are thoroughly weathered, shall be,
brushed down with white spirit, washed down and given one coat of
zinc chromate primer.
Bituminous-coated surfaces shall be given as isolating coat of shellac
knotting followed by an approved metal primer.
Woodwork generally shall be rubbed down, given one coat shellac
knotting, one coat wood self knotting primer, and all cracks, nail holes,
defects, and uneven surfaces, etc., stopped and faces up with hard
stopping rubbed down flush.
Before oiling woodwork all stains must be removed and uniform colour
obtained and filled.
COLOURS AND PRIMING:
The priming undercoats and finishing coats shall each be of differing
tints and the priming and undercoats shall be of the correct types and
tints to suit the respective finishing coats in accordance with the
following instructions. All finishing coats shall be of colours and tints
selected by the Engineer. The paintwork shall have and uniform finish
and all paint for external work shall be exterior quality only.
Rubbing Down:
Each coat of paint shall be properly dried and shall be well rubbed
down with fine glass paper before the next coat is applied. The
paintwork shall be finished smooth and free from brush marks.
Samples Cards of all paints, etc., shall be submitted to and samples
prepared for approval of the Engineer before laying on and such
samples, when approved, shall become the standard for work.
Program:
The contractor shall so arrange his program of work that all other
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 109 Trades are completed and away from the area to be painted when the
painting begins.
Ironmongery, Protection and Cleaning Up:
All ironmongery shall be removed from joinery before painting is
commenced and shall be cleaned and renovated of necessary and refixed after completion painting.
Cover up all floors, etc., with non-resinous sawdust or other approved
covering when executing and all painting decorating work.
Paint splashes, spots and stains shall be removed from floors,
woodwork, etc., and damaged surface touched up and the whole of
the work left clean upon completion.
Materials:
All paint materials of specified brand shall be obtained from the
manufacturer or authorized dealer. All sealers, primers and
undercoating are to be obtained from the makers of the finishing
materials and are to be in accordance with their recommendation for
the particular finish required.
Knot Sealer:
For use on knots and resinous portions of woodwork.
Stopping and Filling composed of parts putty to one part of stiff white
lead.
Lacquer:
Approved polyurethane eggshell clear lacquer applied in accordance
with the manufacturer’s instructions.
Polish shall be an approved brand of wax polish.
Oil shall be best quality linseed oil.
Filler for polished or oiled surfaces to be Beeswax filler.
Wood Preservative:
All wood work, as specified or instructed shall, be treated after cutting
and preparation but before assembly or fixing with three coats of
solution consisting of one part if Atlas “A” wood preservative brown
grade to three parts of water. The solution is to the brushed in all
faces of all timbers unless exposed to view and painted. This is
applicable in the wood frame contact with masonry and roof purling,
batten and counter rafter.
The contractor shall note that this solution is HIGHLY POISONOUS
and shall take all necessary precautions and instruct his workmen
accordingly.
Paint Application:
Painting Items as described hereafter shall comprise the following,
and shall all include for preparing and priming surfaces as above
described: Cement Paint : Apply two coats.
Plastic Emulsion : Apply a minimum of three coats, using a thinning
medium or water only if and as recommended by the manufacturer.
An approved plaster primer tinted to match may be substituted for the
first coat.
Paint : Apply two undercoats and one finishing coat of enamel gloss
oil paint.
Flat oil paint
: Apply two coats of flat oil paint, using thinning
medium in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
Page 110 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) J1, J2,
J13
White wash
Oil
: Apply two coats of linseed oil.
Wax Polish
: Apply a minimum of two coats to approval.
Lacquer : Apply three coats of Polythene lacquer as described, to
approval.
Prime : Prepare and prime only before fixing.
Moulded cornices and coves.
(a) Length shall be measured at the centre of the girth.
(b) Moulded cornices and coves shall be given in square metres the
area being arrived at by multiplying length by the girth.
(c) Flat or weathered top to cornices when exceeding 15 cm in width
shall not be included in the girth but measured with the general plaster
work.
(d) Cornices which are curved in their length shall be measured
separately.
If the old Paint of existing surface is firm and sound, it shall be
cleaned of grease, smoke etc. The surface shall then be rubbed down
with sand paper and dusted. Rusty patches shall be cleaned up and
touched with synthetic enamel paint. If the old Paint is blistered and
flaked, it shall be completely removed.
Measurement:
Measurement shall be in square meters of the actual covered area of
the paints. Nothing extra shall be allowed for painting any rough
surface. The rate shall include for specified coats inclusive of
materials, labour, scaffolding all complete.
For whitewashing, wherever scaffolding is necessary, it shall be
erected on double supports tied together by horizontal pieces, over
which scaffolding planks shall be fixed. No ballies, bamboos or planks
shall rest on or touch the surface which is being white washed. For all
exposed brick work or tile work, double scaffolding having two sets of
vertical supports shall be provided. The supports shall be sound and
strong, tied together with horizontal pieces over which scaffolding
planks shall be fixed. Where ladders are used, pieces of old gunny
bags shall be tied on their tops to avoid damage or scratches to walls.
For white washing the ceiling, proper stage scaffolding shall be
erected.
Preparation of Surface
Before new work is white washed, the surface shall be thoroughly
brushed free from mortar droppings an foreign matter. In case of old
work, all loose particles and scales shall be scrapped off and holes in
plaster as well as patches of less than 50 cm area shall be filled up
with mortar of the same mix. Where so specifically
ordered by the Engineer-in-Charge, the entire surface of old white
wash shall be thoroughly removed by scrapping. Where efflorescence
is observed the deposits should be brushed clean and washed. The
surface shall then be allowed to dry for atleast 48 hours before white
washing is done.
Preparation of Lime Wash
The lime wash shall be prepared from fresh stone white lime. The lime
shall be thoroughly slaked on the spot, mixed and stirred with
sufficient water to make a thin cream. This shall be allowed to stand
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 111 for a period of 24 hours and then shall be screened through a clean
coarse cloth. 40 gm of gum dissolved in hot water, shall be added to
each 10 cubic dicimetre of the cream. The approximate quantity of
water to be added in making the cream will be 5 litres of water to one
kg of lime.
Indigo (Neel) upto 3 gm per kg of lime dissolved in water, shall then
be added and stirred well.
Water shall then be added at the rate of about 5 litres per kg. of lime
to produce a milky solution.
Application
The white wash shall be applied with moonj brushes to the specified
number of coats. The operation for each coat shall consist of a stroke
of the brush given from the top downwards, another from the bottom
upwards over the first stroke, and similarly one stroke horizontally
from the right and another from the left before it dries.
Each coat shall be allowed to dry before the next one is applied.
Further each coat shall be inspected and approved by the Engineerin-Charge before the subsequent coat is applied. No portion of the
surface shall be left out initially to be patched up later on.
For new work, three or more coats shall be applied till the surface
presents a smooth and uniform finish through which the plaster does
not show. The finished dry surface shall not show any signs of
cracking and peeling nor shall it come off readily on the hand when
rubbed.
For old work, after the surface has been prepared, a coat of white
wash shall be applied over the patches and repairs. Then a single
coat or two or more coats of white wash as stipulated in the
description of the item shall be applied over the entire surface. The
white washed surface should present a uniform finish through which
the plaster patches do not appear. The washing on ceiling should be
done prior to that on walls.
Protective Measures
Doors, windows, floors, articles of furniture etc. and such other parts
of the building not to be white washed, shall be protected from being
splashed upon. Splashings and droppings, if any shall be removed by
the contractor at his own cost and the surfaces cleaned. Damages if
any to furniture or fittings and fixtures shall be recoverable from the
contractor.
Measurements
Length and breadth shall be measured and area shall be calculated in
sqm.
Measurements for Jambs, Soffits and Fills etc. for openings shall be
as described in plaster. Cornices and other such wall or ceiling
features, shall be measured along the girth and included in the
measurements.
The number of coats of each treatment shall be stated. The item shall
include removing nails, making good holes, cracks, patches etc. not
exceeding 50 sq. cm. each with material similar in composition to the
surface to be prepared.
Rate
The rate shall include all material and labour involved in all the
operations described above.
Page 112 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) J3
Distemper
works
Washable distemper of required colour as approved by the Engineer
shall be used, conform to IS: 427-latest revision. Before application of
the distemper the shade shall be approved by the Engineer. The paint
(SKK-Japanese, Nerolac, Berger or equivalent) shall be water based
washable distemper as per NS, IS specification. Only fresh distemper
shall be used, hard or set shall not be used.
Preparation of Paint
The washable distemper powder shall be stirred slowly in clean water
using 0.6 litre of water per kg of distemper or as specified by the
manufacturer. Warm water shall preferably be used. It shall be
allowed to stand for at least 30 minutes (or if practicable over night)
before used. The mixture shall be well stirred before and during use to
maintain an even consistency.
Distemper shall not be mixed in larger quantity than is actually
required for one day’s work.
Preparation of Surface
Before new work is distempered, the surface shall be thoroughly
brushed free from mortar dropping and other foreign matter and sand
papered smooth. New plaster surfaces shall be allowed to washable
for at least six weeks before applying distemper.
Pitting in plaster shall be made good with plaster of Paris mixed with
the colour to be used. The surface shall then be rubbed down again
with fine grade sandpaper and made smooth. A coat of distemper
shall be applied over the patches. The patched surface shall be
allowed to washable thoroughly before the regular coat of distemper is
applied.
Application
For new work, the treatment shall consist of a priming coat of whiting
followed by the application of two or more coats of distemper till the
surface shows and even colour. For each coat, the entire surface shall
be coated with the mixture uniformly with proper distemper brushes in
horizontal strokes followed immediately by vertical ones, which
together shall constitute one coat.
The subsequent coats shall be applied only after the previous coat
has dried. The finished surface shall be even and uniform and shall
show no brush marks.
Enough distemper shall be mixed to finish one room at a time. The
application of a coat in each room shall be finished in one operation
and no work shall be started in any room, which cannot be completed
the same day. After each day work, the brushes shall be washed in
hot water and hung down to washable. Old brushes, which are dirty or
caked with distemper, shall not be used.
On plastered, POP surface (paint shall be prepared with sand
papering), putting, and two coats of primer. The paint is applied in two
coats of washable distemper with roller or brush. The surface should
be properly cleaned and treated with water based primer as per
manufacturer’s specifications. Rectification of defects in plaster/POP
with broken edges should be done by using a proper colour putty,
paste as per manufactures specifications.
The surface on which paint is applied shall become hard washable in
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 113 J4
Page 114 Water proof
cement paint
works
16 hours. The necessary single / multistage scaffoldings required for
the work shall be provided as detailed out under coatings. The
equipment, roller or brush used on the work should be immediately
washed with water to facilitate future use.
Measurement
Measurement shall be in square meters of the actual covered area of
the paints. Nothing extra shall be allowed for painting any rough
surface e.g. external sand - faced plaster or work in short width or
surface in any shape. The rate shall include for two or more coats
inclusive of materials, labour, scaffolding all complete.
Cement paint of required colour shall be of ready mixed type in
sealed container of
approved brand (Snowcem India Ltd., or
equivalent brand or manufacture)r conforming to IS: 5410 - latest
revision, approved by the engineer in sealed tins, shall be used.
Before application of the cement paint the shade shall be approved
the Engineer. It shall be procured either in 50 kg. Container or 25 kg.
Container. All such container shall have unbroken seal with
manufacturer’s name and trade marks as well as a description of
contents all clearly marked. Such paint shall be mixed and applied
strictly in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and with the
approval of site In-charge. All materials shall be stored in dry place.
Preparation of Paint
Only fresh cement paint shall be used, hard or set paint shall not be
used. The container shall be made loose by rolling and shaking the
container before opening. Cement paint shall be mixed with water in
two stages.
First a paste shall be prepared by mixing 2 parts of cement paint
powder with one part of water by volume and immediately this shall be
thinned by adding another part of water to have uniform solution of
consistency of paints. Care shall be taken to add the cement paint
gradually to the water and not vice versa.
The second stage shall comprise of adding further one part of water to
the mix and stirring thoroughly to obtain a liquid of workable and
uniform consistency. In all cases the manufacturer’s instructions shall
be followed meticulously.
Cement paint shall be mixed in such quantities as can be used up
within an hour of its mixing as otherwise the mixture will set and
thicken affecting flow and finish. The lids of cement paint shall be kept
tightly closed when not in use, as by exposure to atmosphere the
cement paint rapidly becomes air set due to its hygroscopic qualities.
Preparation of Surface
Before application of paint all dust and foreign materials shall be
removed from the surface by use of wire brush. All holes, cracks and
abrasion shall be fill with plaster of Paris, properly prepared and
applied and smoothed off to match adjoining surfaces. Any loose or
uneven areas or any major cracks or defects in the concrete or plaster
back ground shall be cut out and made good and the repairs allowed
to dry thoroughly. Any efflorescence shall be removed by dry brushing
The surface shall be allowed to run off.
Application
The fresh mixed paint shall be frequently stirred during application
and no mixture (paint) shall be used after an hour of mixing. A vertical
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) stroke with another horizontal stroke shall be termed one coat. Paint
solution shall be applied to the surface with hair brushed/roller in a
number of coats to get uniform finish. After the first coat of the paint
has hardened, it shall be cured with water at least for 24 hours before
the second coat is applied. Similarly required number of coats shall
be given to get an even and uniform shade. It shall be kept damp at
least for seven days. Sample of workmanship shall be approved by
the Engineer prior to commencement of work.
The final painted surface shall exhibit uniform and good finished
appearance. Measurement shall being square meter of actual covered
area. No extra shall be allowed for scaffolding, curing and painting
corners, plaster strips etc.
Measurement / Payment
Measurement shall be in square meters of the actual covered area of
the paint. Nothing extra shall be allowed for painting any rough
surface e.g. external sand - faced plaster or work in short width or
surface in any shape. The rate shall include for two or more coats
inclusive of materials, labour, scaffolding all complete.
The primer and paint shall be of approved quality and of approved
manufacture like Asian Paints, Nerolac, Jensolin, Berger British Paints
India Ltd., Johnson and Nicholson, India or equivalent brand approved
by the Engineer. These materials shall be ready mixed and in sealed
tins with manufacturer’s name, colour and instruction clearly painted
in the container.
Preparation of Surface
All surfaces to be painted shall be planed and thoroughly sand
papered, first by using No. 120 sandpaper. Ordinary putting shall fill
up nail holes, cracks or other in equalities. Putting shall be made up of
2 parts of best quality whiting (absolutely dead stone lime) 1 part if
white lead mixed together in linseed oil and kneaded (3 oz. of linseed
oil to 1 lb. of whiting).
A primer coat shall be locally applied in holes, cracks etc. before putty
is applied. The putty/paste fillers shall be of approved quality and
manufacture and shall be applied to the surface with a knife or other
J5 a, J15
Enamel Paints
sharp edged tools after the priming coat as well as after each
– J17
undercoat. After the surface is dry, it shall be sand paper by using No.
60 sandpaper.
Surface so prepared shall be painted with one coat of primer. The
primed surface when dry shall be sand papered by using No. 100
sand paper.
The primed surface so prepared shall be painted with one coat of
selected enamel using bristle brush and not horsehair ones. The paint
shall be applied in thinnest possible layers with parallel strokes
Care shall be taken to ensure the surface being free from dust or
other foreign material before priming or enamelling the surface. No
paint shall splash on the floor, wall jambs, sill or other part of the
building.
Application
On Wood work
After preparing and after the priming coat has been applied a topcoat
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 115 shall be applied.
The primed surface so prepared shall be painted with one coat of
selected enamel using bristle brush and not horsehair ones. The paint
shall be applied in thinnest possible layers with parallel strokes.
Another coat shall be applied after the previous coat is dry. Care
should be taken that dust or other foreign materials do not settle or
otherwise disfigure the various coats. The same brand of materials
will be used for various coats. The paint shall be used and applied as
per manufacture's printed instruction. The paints shall be applied with
bristle brushes and not horse hair ones. The paints shall be applied in
the thinnest possible layers with parallel drawings, no flowing down
shall be allowed. Painting to false ceiling and acoustic materials such
as thermo Cole, perforated acoustic tile, soft board etc. shall be done
by spray painting only. The Engineer prior to commencement of work
shall approve sample of workmanship.
On metal surface
The paint shall be continuously stirred in the container so that its
consistency is kept uniform throughout.
The painting shall be laid on evenly smoothly by means of crossing
and laying - off. The crossing and laying off consists of covering the
area with paint, brushing the surface hard for the first time and then
brushing alternatively in opposite directions, two or three times and
then finally brushing lightly in a direction at right angles to the same.
In this process no brush marks shall be left after the laying – off if
finished. The full process of crossing and laying - off will constitute
one coat. Where so stipulated, the painting shall be carried out using
spray machines suited for the nature and location of the work to be
carried out. Only skilled and experienced workmen shall be employed
for this class of work. Paints used shall be brought to the requisite
consistency by adding suitable thinner. Spraying shall be carried out
only in dry conditions. No exterior painting shall be done in damp
foggy or rainy weather. Surface to be painted shall be clean, dry,
smooth, and adequately protected from dampness. Each coat shall be
applied in sufficient quantity to obtain complete coverage, shall be
well brushed and evenly worked out over the entire surface and into
all corners, angles and crevices allowed to thoroughly dry. Second
coat shall be of suitable shade to match final colour, and shall be
approved by the Engineer before final coat is started. Allow at least 48
hours drying time between coats for interior and 7 days for exterior
work, and if in the judgement of the Engineer more time is required it
shall be allowed.
Finished surfaces shall be protected from dampness and dust until
completely dry. Finished work shall be uniform, of approved colour,
smooth and free for runs, sags, defective brushing and clogging.
Make edges of paints adjoining other materials of colours sharp and
clean, without overlapping.
Finish:
The painted surfaces shall present uniform appearance and semi –
glass finish free from steaks, blisters etc.
Measurement
Measurement shall be in square meters of the actual covered area.
Nothing extra shall be allowed for painting any rough surface e.g.
Page 116 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) external sand - faced plaster or work in short width or surface in any
shape. The measurement shall be as follows:
Description
Work
Panelled
Framed
Ledged
Battened
Flush
of Measurement
Method
or
1.5 for each side
&
1(1/8) for each side.
1 for each side.
Fully glazed or
gauged
Part panelled and
part
Fully ventilated or
Louvered
Boarding
with
covered fillet and
match boarding
Tile
&
slate
battening
Trellis or Jaffri
Measured flat (not 0.5 for each side.
girthed) end of frame
1 for each side.
to frame.
Gates and open
palisade
fencing
including standard
braces, rails, stays
The height shall be 1 for Painting all over
taken from the lower
end of the palisade
up to the top of the
palisade but not to
the standards if they
are higher.
1.5 for each side.
1.5 for each side.
Measured flat (no 3/4 for overall
deduction for open
spaces)
1 for Painting all over
Carved
or Measured flat
enriched work
Corrugated sheet. Measured flat
J5 b, Emulsion
J18, J19 Paints
Overlapping Factor
1.5 for each face.
114% of flat area
The rate shall include for specified coats inclusive of materials, labour,
scaffolding, all complete
On the plastered/POP surface, paint shall be prepared with sand
papering, putting, and two coats of primer. The paint is applied in two
coats of acrylic emulsion with roller or spray. The surface should be
properly cleaned and treated with water based primer as per
manufacturer’s specifications. Rectification of defects in plaster, POP
with broken edges should be done by using a proper colour putty,
paste as per manufactures specifications.
The surface on which paint is applied shall become hard dry in 12
hours. The necessary single / multistage scaffoldings required for the
work shall be provided as detailed out under coatings. The equipment,
rollers or spray used on the work should be immediately washed with
water to facilitate future use. After the first coat of the paint has
hardened, the second coat is applied as instructed by the engineer.
Similarly required number of coats shall be given to get an even and
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 117 uniform shade.
J10
Chapra paint
Red Lead
J11, J12,
Primer
J22, J23
Chapra (french Wood) polish is prepared from the chapra mixed with
spirit. Two layers of resin is applied by the smooth cotton clothes and
dried.
Preparation of Surface
Before application of Chapra polish, the timber surfaces shall be
thoroughly sand papered to obtain smooth surfaces and all the dust
are removed from the surfaces. A coat of primer of chalk power mixed
with resin or readymade approved putty is applied and sand papered
to fill in the voids and joints.
Preparation & Application
The Chapra polish shall be made by mixing Chapra granules, thinner
and spirit. The chapra must completely dissolve in the spirit. Over the
primed surfaces, the Chapra polish of approved quality shall be
applied with smooth cotton cloth with firm rubbing and spread evenly.
The cloth shall be of good quality and perfectly cleaned.
Chapra wood finish shall be reapplied at least three times, after
sandpapering with finer sand paper to get the final finish & best result.
Measurement
The measurement shall be in square metres of the finished work. The
rate shall include all the materials and labour, all complete.
Red Lead primer paint shall be of approved brand. The lead content in
the paint shall be less than 60% by weight. The site in charge shall
examine the paints before seal is broken
J24, J25 Plastic felt
J27
J28
J29
Page 118 Japanees
Texture paint Refer to general provisions above and the manufacturer's technical
Heritage Wall specification brochures
Surface
Texture
Prevention of the termite from reaching the super-structure of the
building and its contents can be achieved by creating a chemical
barrier between the ground, from where the termites come and other
contents of the building which may form food for the termites. This is
achieved by treating the soil beneath the building and around the
foundation with a suitable insecticide.
Materials
Chemicals: Any one of the following chemicals in water emulsion to
achieve the percentage concentration specified against each chemical
Anti Termite shall be used:
(i) Chlorphriphos emulsifiable concentrate of 20%
Treatment
(ii) Lindane emulsifiable concentrate of 20%
To achieve the specified percentage of concentration, Chemical
should be diluted with water in required quantity before it is used.
Graduated containers shall be used for dilution of chemical with water
in the required proportion to achieve the desired percentage of
concentration. .
Safety Precautions : Chemical used for antitermite treatment are
insecticides with a persistent action and are highly poisonous. This
chemical can have an adverse effect upon health when absorbed
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) through the skin, inhaled as vapours or spray mists or swallowed. The
containers having emulsifiable concentrates shall be clearly labeled
and kept securely closed in stores so that children or pet cannot get at
them. Storage and mixing of concentrates shall not be done near any
fire source or flame. Persons carrying out chemical soil treatments
should familiarize themselves and exercise due care when handling
the chemicals whether in concentrated or in diluted form. After
handling the concentrates or dilute emulsion, worker shall wash
themselves with soap and water and wear clean clothing especially
before eating and smoking. In the event of severe contamination,
clothing shall be removed at once and the skin washed with soap and
water. If chemical has splashed into the eyes, they shall be flushed
with plenty of soap and water and immediate medical attention shall
be sought. The use of chemical shall be avoided where there is any
risk of wells or other water supplies becoming contaminated.
Treatment
Treatment along outside of foundations: The soil in contact with
the external wall of the building shall be treated with chemical
emulsion at the rate of 7.5 litres per square metre of vertical surface of
the sub-structure to a depth of 300 mm. To facilitate this treatment, a
shallow channel shall be excavated along and close to the wall face.
The chemical emulsion shall be directed towards the wall at 1.75 litres
per running metre of the channel. Rodding with 12 mm diameter mild
steel rods at 150 mm apart shall be done in the channel. If necessary,
for uniform dispersal of the chemical to 300 mm depth from the
ground level. The balance chemical of 0.5 litre per running metre shall
then be used to treat the backfill earth as it is returned to the channel
directing the spray towards the wall surface.
If there is a concrete or masonry apron around the building,
approximately 12 mm diameter holes shall be drilled as close as
possible to the plinth wall about 300 mm apart, deep enough to reach
the soil below and the chemical emulsion pumped into these holes to
soak the soil below at the rate of 2.25 litres per linear metre.
In soils which do not allow percolation of chemicals to desired depth,
the uniform disposal of the chemical to a depth of 300 mm shall be
obtained by suitably modifying the mode of treatment depending on
site condition.
In case of RCC foundations the soil (backfill) in contact with the
column sides and plinth beams along with external perimeter of the
building shall be treated with chemical emulsion at the rate of 7.5
litres/sqm. of the vertical surface of the structure. To facilitate this
treatment, trenches shall be excavated equal to the width of the
shovel exposing the sides of the column and plinth beams upto a
depth of 300 mm or upto the bottom of the plinth beams, if this level is
less than 300 mm.
The chemical emulsion shall be sprayed on the backfill earth as it is
returned into the trench directing the spray against the concrete
surface of the beam or column as the case may be.
Treatment of Soil under Floors : The points where the termites are
likely to seek entry through the floor are the cracks at the following
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 119 locations:
(a) At the junction of the floor and walls as result of shrinkage of the
concrete;
(b) On the floor surface owing to construction defects;
(c) At construction joints in a concrete floor, cracks in sections; and
(d) Expansion joints in the floor.
Chemical treatment shall be provided in the plinth area of ground floor
of the structure, wherever such cracks are noticed by drilling 12 mm
holes at the junction of floor and walls along the cracks on the floor
and along the construction and expansion joints at the interval of 300
mm to reach the soil below. Chemical emulsion shall be squirted into
these holes using a hand operated pressure pump to soak the soil
below until refusal or upto a maximum of one litre per hole. The holes
shall then be sealed properly with cement mortar 1:2 (1 cement: 2
coarse sand) finished to match the existing floors. The cement mortar
applied shall be cured for at least 10 days as per instruction of
Engineer-in-charge.
Treatment of Voids in Masonry : The movement of termites through
the masonry wall may be arrested by drilling holes in masonry wall at
plilnth level and squirting chemical emulsions into the holes to soak
the masonry. The holes shall be drilled at an angle of 45 degree from
both sides of the plinth wall at 300 mm intervals and emulsion squirted
through these holes to soak the masonry using a hand operated
pump. This treatment shall also be extended to internal walls having
foundations in the soil. Holes shall also be drilled at wall corners and
where door and window frames are embedded in the masonry or floor
at ground. Emulsion shall be squirted through the holes till refusal or
to a maximum of one litre per hole. Care shall be taken to seal the
holes after the treatment.
Treatment at Points of Contact of Wood Work : The wood work
which has already been damaged beyond repairs by termites shall be
replaced. The new timber shall be dipped or liberally brushed at least
twice with chemical in oil or kerosene. All existing wood work in the
building which is in contact with the floor or walls and which is infested
by termites, shall be treated by spraying at the points of contacts with
the adjoining masonry with the chemical emulsion by drilling 6 mm
holes at a dowonward angle of about 45 degree at junction of wood
work and masonry and squirting chemical emulsion into these holes
till refusal or to a maximum of half a litre per hole. The treated holes
shall then be sealed. Infested wood work in chaukhats, shelves, joints,
purlins etc., in contact with the floor or the walls shall be provided with
protective treatment by drilling holes of about 3 mm diameter with a
downward slant to the core of the wood work on the inconspicuous
surface of the frame. These holes should be at least 150 mm centre to
centre and should cover in entire frame work. Chemicals shall be
liberally infused in these holes. If the wood is not protected by paint or
varnish two coats of the chemicals shall be given on all the surfaces
and crevices adjoining the masonry.
Measurement
Measurement shall be in square meter of applied surface of total
plinth area, flat measurement only and
Rate
Page 120 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Rate shall be inclusive of all labor and materials.
11. K. Damp Proof Works
K1, K2
The damp proof course shall consist of cement, sand/stone aggregate
mixed with 2% of Accoproof, Impermo or Cement seal by weight of
cement and painted with two coal tar paint over it. Damp proof Course
will be provided to all walls, which do not have tie beam above ground
level as per the details of the working drawing.
Water Proofing Compound
Integral cement water proofing compound conforming to IS 2645 and
of approved brand and manufacture, enlisted by the Engineer-inCharge from time to time shall be used.
The contractor shall bring the materials to the site in their original
packing. The containers will be opened and the material mixed with
dry cement in the proportion by weight, recommended by the
manufacturers or as specifically described in the description of the
item. Care shall be taken in mixing, to see that the water proofing
material gets well and integrally mixed with the cement and does not
run out separately when water is added.
Cement shall be fresh Portland cement. Sand shall be clean course of
5mm size and down free from mica and clay. Stone aggregate shall
be hard and tough of 12.mm size well graded and free from dust and
dirt. Water proofing compound other than Accoproof, Impermo or
Cement seal may be used after obtaining permission from the site-in–
charge regarding the acceptability of the compound and quantity
required for desired result.
Cement shall be thoroughly mixed with required 2%by weight of
Concrete DPC
waterproofing compound, and then mixed dry with the required
volume of sand to make a proportion of 1:2. The cement sand mix
shall then be thoroughly mixed dry with stone aggregate to maintain
required proportion. Clean water shall then be mixed gradually to give
a plastic mix of required consistency. The mixing shall be done by
turning at least three times to give uniform and homogeneous
concrete.
All the mixing shall be done in an impervious masonry platform.
Before lying concrete, the level of the surface of the plinth shall be
checked longitudinally and transversely. All joints shall be racked and
surfaces moisten by pouring clean water on it. The inside of the
formwork shall be covered with polyethylene sheet so as to make
water- tight joint between the formwork and the concrete.
Concrete shall be laid uniformly by tamping to make dense concrete,
leveled both transversely and longitudinally.
The damp proof course shall be laid continuously except across
doorways. Construction joints if unavoidable shall be given at the site
of doors or wall opening. Such joints shall be sloped, and such sloped
surface shall be applied with neat cement wash before starting
concerning on following days. Hardened concrete shall be cured for
15 days. Shuttering may be removed after 72 hours.
Two coats of hot coal tar shall be applied on the cured cement
concrete. The first coat shall be applied at 1.5 Kg. per sq. and the
paint shall be blinded immediately with coarse sand and the surface is
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 121 tamped lightly. Second coat of hot coal tar shall be applied at the rate
of 1 Kg. per sq. uniformly over the surface. Such surface shall be
immediately blinded with coarse sand and tamped lightly. Lay over the
full width of the walls and at the height shown on the drawings a
mortar screed of sufficient thickness to form a level surface and cover
the screed with two coats of hot bitumen.
Measurement
Measurement of works will be made in m³ of works as specified.
Payment
Payment for work will be made on the basis of contract unit price
indicated in the BOQ. The payment will be full and final compensation
for all material, labour, and equipment to complete the works.
K3
Bitumen Paint Refer tarfelt works below
Polythene
To be approved by the Engineer-in-Charge
K4
Sheet
Prior to the laying of the roofing materials on the slope or flat roofs,
one layer of finished underlay shall be provided on thin news paper
sheets. The underlay shall work as the false ceiling for the room as
well as shall act as the water-sealing agent to the room. This is
achieved through the following:
Waterproof and Termite resistant Plywood:
Kit Plywood of Phenol Bonded, hot pressed and termite resistant
special plywood with manufacturer’s guarantee towards their reliability
to the specifications, of the kind, as per the Indian Standards. The
sizes and the thickness shall be as per the detail designs and as
specified in the bill of quantities. Samples of the materials and their
manufacturer’s warranty card shall be submitted for Project Incharges approval.
Tarfelting and Bitumen Paints:
Tar felt: Shalimar Tar felt or equivalent shall be according to IS. Tar
felt supplied should be packed in rolls with IS Certification mark. Tar
felt shall be free from visible external defects, such as holes, oil
patches, ragged or untrue edges, breaks, cracks, tears,
K5 – K6 Tarfelt
protuberances and indentations. Unless otherwise stated, tar felt
supplied shall be in widths of 90 cm and 100cm and generally in
lengths of 10m and 20m. The sample should be submitted to the
Engineer In-charge before bulk purchase, and should be approved by
him.
Bitumen Mastic: Shall be of approved quality conforming to IS: 30371965. This shall be supplied in sealed tins with IS Certification mark.
Laying: The felt shall be laid in lengths at right angles to the direction
of the run off gradient, with paper or plastic barrier between tar felt
and concrete, commencing at the lowest level and working up to the
crest such that the overlaps of the adjacent layers of felt offers the
minimum obstruction to the flow of water. In the next layer, mastic
asphalt or bitumen is spread, and tar felt is laid. The tar felt laid should
be in three layers.
The bitumen mastic (binding material) shall be prepared by heating to
the correct working temperature and conveyed to the point of work in
a bucket or pouring can. Each coat of each bay shall be spread
evenly and uniformly by means of a float to the recommended
Page 122 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) K7
K8
Elastometric
water
Proofing
Semi flexible
polymer
coating
system
thickness, on to the previously prepared surface, the isolating
membrane or the preceding coat. Each coat of bitumen mastic shall
be followed, without delay by the
succeeding, since exposure to contamination (by dust or dirt)
might impair adhesion and cause blistering. The finished floor shall
not sound hollow when tapped with wooden mallet.
The tar felt before laying shall be first cut to the required lengths,
cleaned of dusting materials and laid out flat on roof. Each length of
felt prepared for laying shall be laid in position and rolled up for a
distance of half of its length. The hot binding material shall be poured
on to the roof across the full width. In case of rolled felt, the felt is
steadily rolled out and pressed down. The excess bonding material is
squeezed out at the ends and is removed as the laying spreads.
When the first half of the strip of felt has been bonded to the roof, the
other half shall be rolled up and then unrolled on to the hot bonding
material in the same way. Minimum overlap at the ends and the sides
of strips of felt shall not be less than 15cm. All overlaps shall be firmly
bonded with hot bitumen. The laying of second layer of felt shall be so
arranged that the joints be staggered with those of the layer beneath
it.
Measurement
Measurement of all the works will be made in m2 of works as
specified.
Payment
Payment for work will be made on the basis of contract unit price
indicated in the BOQ. The payment will be full and final compensation
for all material, labour, and equipment to complete the works as
specified.
Providing and applying of two component acrylic polymer modified
cementations flexible membrane system (Perma guard, Aquafin 2K/M
or equivalent) as approved by engineer, on RCC rooftop, basements,
terraces and sunken slabs etc including injection system (pressure
grouting) on water leakage area and new & old concreting joint where
necessary and filling Perma bond SBR modified mortar or equivalent
on junction between floor and parapet wall area with “V” shape groove
cutting as specified by the site engineer all complete:
Measurement / Payment
Measurement shall be in square meter of exact length and breadth.
Rate shall include materials, mixing, laying, curing, finishing and
labour etc., all complete.
Note: The installation specifications for the approved material if
different, the manufacturers specification shall be followed after site
engineer’s approval. Technical specification from manufacturer and
the warranty provision/document shall be submitted to the site
engineer before approval by the contractor.
Providing and applying 2 coat waterproofing coating system for
protecting concrete and masonry on RCC roof top, basements slabs,
terrace and sunken slabs area over the entire surface including
surface preparation, pipe lines and other joints
2 coat shall be applied by brush at the ratio of 1:2 (Perma Bond AR /
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 123 Shield liquid/ tapecrete P 151 and fresh grey cement powder) or as
approved by site engineer according to respective manufacturers
specification
Materials:
Approved polymer materials from manufacturer (Tapecret P 151,
Perma Bond AR/ Perma Shield or equivalent) as approved by site
engineer shall be applied.
Technical specification from manufacturer and the warranty provision /
document shall be submitted to the site engineer by the contractor.
Mixing:The polymer shall be mixed with neat cement in the ratio of 2 part
cement: 1 part polymer by weight. The mixture has to be stirred
thoroughly until no air bubbles remain in the mix. Any lump found in
the mix should be removed.
Surface preparation:
The surface shall be cleaned to remove all dust, foreign matters,
loose materials and any deposits of contamination which could affect
the bond between the surface and the waterproofing coating. By
scarifying, grinding, water blasting, sand blasting, acid washing or
other approved method.
New flat surface like sub base concrete shall be made reasonably
smooth so as not to impede the application of the waterproofing
coating and to avoid sharp projection. All concrete shall be thoroughly
pre-wetted for at least prior to th application of the coating by pouring
water on flat surface or by vigorously spraying water on vertical/
inclined surfaces.
Depressions shall be filled and levelled after engineers approval
Application:The mix shall be applied in 2 coats by brush on rendered and / or
prepared surface. First coat should be allowed to stir dry for 5-6
hours. The coatings shall be applied in uniform thickness to
horizontal and vertical surfaces. The surface should be made wet
before application in case of porous structure.
Curing and Protection
The surface after application shall be kept moist for a period of 2-3
days. Curing shall be started as soon as the chemical has hardened
sufficiently so as not to be damaged by a fine water spray.
After application of final coat, initial air drying shall be done for 2-6
hours. During this period no water is to be used for curing. In case of
high temperature and low humidity combined with high wind condition,
the coating shall be covered with polythene sheet to avoid rapid
drying of the coating.
After maximum period of 6 hours of the final application, moist curing
shall be done for next 24 hours by way of spraying water on the
coating. During the period at no point of time should the coating be left
completely dry or submerged in water.
During the first 12 hours of curing, the work shall be protected from
abrasion, rain, and other adverse conditions. After moist curing, the
coating shall be allowed to air dry for 3 days before submersion in
water if required for use.
The finished coat shall be tough, hard-wearing surface with
waterproofing and shall allow trapped vapour to escape preventing
Page 124 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) peeling and blister formation.
Measurement / Payment
Measurement shall be in square meter of exact length and breadth.
Rate shall include materials, mixing, laying, curing, finishing and
labour etc., all complete.
Providing and applying powder or liquid waterproofing compound
(Perma Trik/ Perma Plast-o-proof or equivalent) as approved by
engineer as integral part of concreting system or plaster as specified
by the site engineer all complete:
Mixing:The compound shall be mixed with cement in the ratio as specified in
BOQ or as instructed by site engineer.
Liquid compound:
(Perma plast-o- proof or equivalent): 100 ml per 50 bags of cement)
Integral water
Powder form:
proofing
(Perma Trik or equivalent) 500 gm per 50 kg bag of cement)
treatment
The mixture shall be thoroughly mixed. Application, curing and
system:
protection shall comply with the concreting or plastering works under
respective specification.
Note: The installation specifications for the approved material if
different, manufacturer’s specification shall be followed after site
engineers approval. Technical specification from manufacturer and
the warranty provision/document shall be submitted before approval
to the site engineer by the contractor.
Measurement / Payment
Measurement shall be as specified in BOQ .
Rate shall include material and labour cost.
11. L. Maintenance and Dismantling Works
L1, L2, Dismantling
L14, L15, Masonry
L16
Works
L3, L4
Dismantling
Concrete
Works
The Contractor shall dismantle any cement masonry works as
indicated in the Drawings or as ordered by the Engineer. The resulting
material shall be the property of the Employer and all suitable
materials shall be stockpiled for reuse purposes within a lead of 30 m
as directed by the Engineer. Unsuitable material shall be disposed off
as directed by the Engineer.
Cement masonry dismantling shall include use of labour and proper
equipment, transporting, stockpiling and all incidental and provisions
necessary to complete the work.
The Contractor shall dismantle any dry stone masonry wall as
indicated in the drawings or as instructed by the Engineer. The
resulting material shall remain the property of the Employer and all
suitable material shall be stockpiled for reuse purposes within a lead
of 30 m as directed by the Engineer.
The Contractor shall dismantle any plain or reinforced concrete works
as indicated in the Drawings or as ordered by the Engineer. The
resulting material shall remain the property of the Employer and all
suitable materials shall be stockpiled for reuse purposes within a lead
of 30 meter. Unsuitable material shall be disposed off as directed by
the Engineer.
Concrete/reinforced concrete dismantling shall include use of labour
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 125 L17
L19
and proper equipment, transporting, stockpiling and all incidental and
provisions necessary to complete the work.
The Contractor shall dismantle any wood works as indicated in the
drawings or as instructed by the Engineer. The resulting material shall
Wood works remain the property of the Employer and all suitable material shall be
stockpiled for reuse purposes within a lead of 30 m as directed by the
Engineer.
The Contractor shall dismantle any steel works as indicated in the
drawings or as instructed by the Engineer. The resulting material shall
Fence, Post,
remain the property of the Employer and all suitable material shall be
steel works
stockpiled for reuse purposes within a lead of 30 m as directed by the
Engineer
Minor Crack:
Providing and applying water proof mortar (Perma bond SBR mortar
or equivalent.) on the RCC slab minor crack making “v” shaped
groove cutting and polymer coating of 1 feet wide area from groove all
complete.
Major crack:
Providing and filling seal (Perma poly seal or equivalent) on the RCC
slab major crack with making “V” shaped groove cutting with primer
Crack
coat all complete.
Treatments:
Note: The installation specifications for the approved material if
different, manufacturers' specification shall be followed after site
engineer’s approval. Technical specification from manufacturer and
the warranty provision/document shall be submitted to the site
engineer before approval by the contractor.
Measurement / Payment
Measurement shall be in running meter of exact length. Rate shall
include materials, mixing, laying, curing, finishing, and labour etc., all
complete
Injection/Pres Providing and applying pressure grouting by injection system with
sure Grouting mixing integral waterproofing compound (Perma grout - 500, Aquafin IB2….. or equivalent) as approved by engineer with fresh cement
treatment
slurry on RCC basement slab, Water tank and RCC Shear wall area,
including providing and filling Perma bond SBR modified mortar or
equivalent on junction between concrete construction joint with “V”
shape groove cutting including 15 mm dia pipe inserts at 1 x 1 m
centre to centre as specified by the site engineer all complete:
Application:
Application shall be as per manufacturer's specification after approval
by site engineer. Technical specification from manufacturer, the
warranty provision and document shall be submitted to the site
engineer by the contractor. Any flaws and defects shall be repaired at
contractor cost and shall be submitted in clean flaw less condition.
Measurement / Payment
Measurement shall be in square meter of exact length and breadth.
Rate
Rate shall include materials, mixing, laying, curing, finishing and
labour etc., all complete.
11. M. Metal, Fence and railing Works
Page 126 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) The Mild steel (MS) products including collapsible gates are fabricated
from the Mild Steel flat, angle and channels conforming to the BS 15
or equivalent. The welding shall be butt-welding. The grips are of
plastic or metal. The screws shall be steel screws.
The product is primed with two coats of red lead primer.
Measurement
Fabrication of
The work shall be measured in m² of opening in vertical plan or in unit
M1- M5,
MS Members
weight as specified in the Bill of Quantity.
Payment
Payment for the work will be made on the basis of contract unit price
indicated in the BOQ. The payment will be full and final compensation
for all material, labour, and equipment to complete the works as
specified.
These shall consist of MS laths 1.25mm thick and 80mm wide laths
or as specified. The laths shall be machine rolled and straightened
with an effective bridge depth of 16mm and shall be interlocked
together throughout their entire length and jointed together at the end
with end locks. These shall be mounted on specially designed pipe
shaft. Each lath section shall be continuous single strip piece without
any joint.
The springs shall be coiled type. The spring shall be manufactured
from high tensile spring steel wire or strip of adequate strength to
balance the shutters in all positions. The spring pipe shaft etc. shall be
supported on strong mild steel brackets.
Guide Channel
The guide channels shall be of mild steel deep channel section and of
rolled, pressed or built up (fabricated) construction. The thickness of
the sheet used shall not be less than 3.15mm.
The minimum depths for guide channels shall be as follows:
Clear width of shutter
Depth of Guide Channel.
Up to 3.5m
60mm
Rolling
3.5m and above
75mm
M6
Shutter
The gap between the two legs of the guide channel shall be sufficient
to allow the free movement of the curtain and at the same time - close
enough to prevent the rattling of the curtain due to wind.
Each guide channel shall be provided with a minimum of three fixing
elates or supports for attachment to the walls or column by means of
bolts or screws. The spacing of cleats shall not exceed 0.75m.
Alternatively, the guide channels may also be provided with suitable
dowels, hooks or pins for embedding in the walls.
The guide channels shall be attached to the jambs, plumb and true,
either in the overlapping fashion, projecting fashion or embedded in
grooves, depending on the method of fixing.
The cover of shaft, spring etc. shall be of the same material as that of
lath.
Fixing
Brackets shall be fixed on the lintel or under the lintel as specified with
rawl plugs, and screws bolts etc. the shaft along with the spring shall
then be fixed on the brackets.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 127 M8
M10,
M12,
M13
Page 128 MS Gate
Fence Works
The lath portion (shutter) shall be laid on ground and the side guide
channels shall be bound with it with ropes etc. the shutter shall then
be placed in position and top fixed with pipe shaft with bolts and nuts.
The sides guide channels and the cover and frame shall then be fixed
to the walls through the plate welded to the guides. These plates and
bracket shall be fixed by means of steel screws bolts, and rawl plugs
drilled in the wall. The plates and screws bolts shall be concealed in
plaster to make their location invisible. Fixing shall be done accurately
in a workman like manner that the operation of the shutter is easy and
smooth.
Painting
All surfaces are to be painted with primer coat and minimum two coats
of enamel paints as per specification, after drying and thoroughly
cleaned to remove all loose scale and loose rust. Surfaces not in
contact but inaccessible after shop assembling, shall receive the fullspecified protective treatment before assembling.
Measurement & Rate
The measurement shall be done in height multiplied by width of the
shutter, i.e. in Sqm. No extra will be paid for like shutter cover box,
edges, etc. The rate shall be inclusive of labor, material, all complete.
The Mild steel gates are fabricated from the Mild Steel flat, angle and
channels conforming to the BS 15 or equivalent. The welding shall be
butt-welding conforming relevant clause of this specification
The grips are of plastic or metal. The screws shall be steel screws.
The gate shall of steel sheet conforming to BS 15 or equivalent of
20G.
The gate is primed with two coats of red lead primer.
The gate is painted with two coat of enamel of bituminous aluminium
paint to get uniform painted surfaces.
Measurement
The above work shall be measured in m² of opening in vertical plan
completed as specified.
Payment
Payment for the work will be made on the basis of contract unit price
indicated in the BOQ. The payment will be full and final compensation
for all material, labour, and equipment to complete the works as
specified.
The barbed wire fences shall be two-strand galvanized barbed wire
(Minimum of 100gm/m2) over the Mild steel wires of required diameter
should be used for fencing. The Mild Steel should conform BS 15 or
equivalent. The concrete in concrete post shall conform to the design
drawings.
Construction Procedures
The concrete posts are erected over the foundation. The barbed wire
is tightened to the post in the hooks. A tension not exceeding 400
kg/m2 is applied while erecting the wires in layers as per the design.
At the end diagonal bracing shall be made.
Testing and Inspection
The erected fencing shall deform any post and wires shall be straight
with out sagging.
Measurement
The above work shall be measured in m² of fence in vertical plan
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) M11
above the foundation completed as specified.
Payment
Payment for the work will be made on the basis of contract unit price
indicated in the BOQ. The payment will be full and final compensation
for all material, labour, and equipment to complete the works as
specified.
Tubes shall be designated by their nominal bore. These shall be light,
medium or heavy as specified depending upon the wall thickness.
Tubes shall be clean finished and reasonably free from scale. They
shall be free from cracks, surface flaws, laminations and other
defects. The ends shall be cut clean and square with axis of tube,
unless otherwise specified.
Wall thickness of tubes used for construction exposed to weather
shall be not less than 4 mm and for construction not exposed to
weather it shall be not less than 3.2 mm where structures are not
readily accessible for maintenance, the minimum thickness shall be 5
mm.
Fabrication
The component parts of the structure shall be assembled in such a
manner that they are neither twisted nor otherwise damaged and be
so prepared that the specified cambers, if any, are, maintained. The
tubular steel work shall be painted with one coat of approved steel
primer after fabrication. All fabrication and welding is to be done in an
approved workshop.
Straightening : All material before being assembled shall be
straightened, if necessary, unless required to be of curvilinear form
and shall be free from twist.
Black Pipe
Bolting : Washers shall be specially shaped where necessary, or
Tubular Truss
other means, used to give the nuts and the heads of bolts a
satisfactory bearing. In all cases, where the full area of the bolts is to
be developed, the threaded portion of the bolt shall
not be within the thickness of the parts bolted together and washers of
appropriate thickness shall be provided to allow the nuts to be
completely tightened.
Welding : Where welding is adopted, it shall be as specified.
Caps and Bases for Columns : The ends of all the tubes, for
columns transmitting loads through the ends, should be true and
square to the axis of the tubes and should be provided with a cap or
base accurately fitted to the end of the tube and screwed, welded or
shrunk on. The cap or base plate should be true and square to the
axis of the column.
Sealing of Tubes : When the end of a tube is not automatically
sealed by virtue of its connection be welding to another member the
end shall be properly and completely sealed. Before sealing, the
inside of the tubes should be dry and free from loose scale.
Flatened Ends : In tubular construction the ends of tubes may be
flattened or otherwise formed to provide for welded. Riveted or bolted
connections provide that the methods adopted for such flattening do
not injure the material. The change of sections shall be gradual.
Hoisting and Erection
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 129 Tubular trusses shall be hoisted and erected in position carefully,
without damage to themselves, other structure, equipment and injury
to workman. The method of hoisting and erection proposed to be
adopted shall be got approved from the Engineer-in-charge. The
contractor shall however be fully responsible, for the work being
carried out in a safe and proper manner without unduly stressing the
various members. Proper equipment such as derricks, lifting tackles,
winches, ropes etc. shall be used.
Measurements
The work as fixed in place shall be measured in running metres
correct to a centimeter on their weights calculated on the basis of
standard tables correct to the nearest kilogram unless otherwise
specified. Weight of cleats, brackets, packing pieces bolts nuts,
washers distance pieces separators diapharam gussests, fish plates,
etc. shall not be measured separately. No deduction shall be made for
skew cuts.
Rate
The rate shall include the cost of labour and materials involved in all
the operations described above including application of one coat of
approved steel primer, i.e. red oxide zinc chrome primer.
11. N. Ceiling, Wall Panelling and Partition Works
General
N10 N11
Page 130 Gypsum
Board
The material for installing false ceiling system shall be made of
appropriate board with flexural strength not less than 485 N cross
directional and 175 N machine directional, with hardness at core, end
and edge not less than 65 N, with capacity to withstand breaking load
not less than 556 N in longitudinal direction and not less than 275 N in
transverse direction. The thermal resistance value "R" shall be not
less than 0.45, with fire propagation index "I" not less than 2.1. It shall
be fixed to the underside of the suspended grid comprising properly
placed at maximum distance 457mm c/c frame. Connecting clip and
softie cleat using standard screw and proper metal grip, as per
drawing, manufacturers' specification, and instruction of engineer, all
complete.
Finish
The ceiling boards free of damages are fixed to the framing in perfect
line and level. The joints are sealed with plaster of Paris and nonwoven paper tapes with out forming any bubble the joints shall be
finished flush to make the ceiling in one piece. The finished surface
shall be smooth and true to plane and curved as required. Once
laying of ceiling is completed the dust and floors are cleaned for the
painting works.
Measurement
It shall be measured flat in square meter of the actual area covered.
Payment
Payment for work will be made on the basis of contract unit price
indicated in the BOQ. The payment will be full and final compensation
for all material, labour, and equipment to complete the works as
specified.
9.5 mm-12mm thick (or as specified) Gypsum board tiles of 610 x 610
mm size ( or as per design) conforming to IS 2095: 1982 & 2542Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) 1981. The tiles shall be plain, textured or designed with design
patterns as per drawings or approved by site engineer.
The suspenders are galvanized mild steel straps of 28G and
horizontal and transverse members are galvanized mild steel channel
of 16 G. Construction Procedures
Frame Work
The frame work shall be of zinc coated mild steel or galvanized iron
(G.I. framing) and shall consist of 45 mm sq. or 50 x50 mm square
tubes of 18G as main runners as specified in the item at specified
spacing welded together with 45 mm x 45 mm zinc coated Gypsteel
branded channels, or 50 x 50 mm G.I. channels of 18G as runners at
specified spacing. The above frame shall be suspended from existing
RCC slab with adjustable 25 x 4 mm mild steel flats welded at top to
reinforcement bars, including exposing the reinforcement bars and
making good the damages with cement mortar as specified in the item
and drawings.
Expanded Metal
Expanded metal shall be fixed with the long way of the mesh across
the supports. The strands in the various sheets shall all slope in one
direction, in vertical work they shall also slope inwards and
downwards from the plaster face. To ensure continuity of key at the
fixing points small round rods, V-shaped ribs or strips of hardwood
shall be fixed on the face of the supports. All sheets shall be lapped
not less that 25-mm at the sides and ends, overlaps shall not occur
only at supports. Sides of the sheets shall be wired together with
galvanized wire of not less than 18 SWG, at every 75 mm between
supports. Cut ends of wire used for fastening etc. shall be bent
inwards and not towards the plaster finishing coat. The expanded
metal shall be secured to supports by means of galvanized staples at
intervals of not more that 100-mm. It shall be secured to steelwork by
wire or clips.
The fixing centres should normally be not greater than 350 mm for
mesh weighing 1.2 kg/sq.m. of 10 or 6 mm mesh. Care shall be taken
to ensure that the anti corrosion treatment is in good condition after
fixing.
Gypboard or Boral plaster board
The material for installing false ceiling system shall be made of
gypsum board with ISO 9002 and ISO 14000 certification, with
minimum thickness of 12.5mm (maximum variation in thickness
+0.4mm or –0.4mm), with minimum density of 677 kg/cum, with
flexural strength not less than 485 N cross directional and 175 N
machine directional, with hardness at core, end and edge not less
than 65 N, with capacity to withstand breaking load not less than 556
N in longitudinal direction and not less than 275 N in transverse
direction. The thermal resistance value "R" shall be not less than 0.45,
with fire propagation index "I" not less than 2.1. It shall be fixed to the
underside of the suspended grid comprising properly galvanised
0.5mm thick 80mm x 26mm ceiling section to be placed at maximum
distance 457mm c/c, 0.5mm thick 20mm x 45mm x 30mm channel
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 131 N13
N19
Page 132 along the wall, 0.9mm thick 15mm x 45mm intermediate channel to be
placed at maximum distance of 122mm c/c, 0.5mm thick 25mm x
25mm ceiling angle to be placed at maximum distance connecting clip
and 22mm x 37mm softie cleat to be fixed at RCC ceiling by using
standard screw and proper metal grip, as per drawing, manufacturers'
specification, and instruction of engineer, all complete.
Finish
The ceiling boards free of damages are fixed to the framing in perfect
line and level. The joints are sealed with plaster of Paris and nonwoven paper tapes with out forming any bubble the joints shall be
finished flush to make the ceiling in one piece. The finished surface
shall be smooth and true to plane and curved as required.
Once laying of ceiling is completed the dust and floors are cleaned for
the painting works.
Measurement
It shall be measured flat in square meter of the actual area covered.
Payment
Payment for work will be made on the basis of contract unit price
indicated in the BOQ. The payment will be full and final compensation
for all material, labour, and equipment to complete the works as
specified.
The Armstrong fine fissures board of size 600 x 600 x 16 mm or 600 x
1200 x 16 mm size shall be used. The Boards shall have texture and
design pattern.
The suspenders must conform to Armstrong standard grid. Horizontal
and transverse members are galvanized mild steel channel.
Construction Procedures
The Armstrong ceilings are suspended from the concrete ceilings, and
or truss and purling by steel hangers to suspend the horizontal steel
channels. The horizontal members are screwed with steel screws and
grip in the wall. The suspenders are clamped to the truss and purling
with steel screws. After the framing is completed the engineer in
charge shall check the framing before allowing fixing the ceiling
Armstrong
boards.
Board
The Armstrong fine fissures boards free of damages are fixed to the
framing in perfect line and level.
Once laying of ceiling is completed the dust and floors are cleaned.
Measurement
Measurement of all the works will be made in m2 of works as
specified.
Payment
Payment for work will be made on the basis of contract unit price
indicated in the BOQ.
The payment will be full and final compensation for all material, labor,
and equipment to complete the works as specified.
This panelling shall be decorative or non-decorative (Paintable) type
as per design and thickness specified by the Engineer-in-Charge
The ornamental wood work shall be painted on the back with priming
Sisam wood
coat of approved wood primer before fixing the same to the grounds
wall panelling
with screws, which shall be sunk into the wood work and their tops
covered with putty. The ornamental work shall be made true and
accurate to the dimensions shown in the working drawings. The fixing
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) N20 –
N23
Prefab Panel
shall be done true to lines and levels. The planks for wall lining shall
be tongued and grooved, unless otherwise specified.
Measurements
Wall panelling shall be measured in square metre nearest to two
places of decimal.
Rate
The rate includes the cost of materials and labour required for all the
operation described above.
Providing and fixing the prefabricated concrete panel of 50mm to
75mm thickness with tongue groove joint on metal channel with all
accessories, for interior and exterior walls for dry construction.
Application:
Panels precasted as solid reinforced precast concrete (flat panels),
or as reinforced concrete ribbed panels with a thin exterior shell of
specified thickness as approved by the site engineer shall be used.
75 mm thick panels shall be used for the external wall and 50 mm
thick panels for internal partition walls shall be used or as specified in
the design. Engineering and energy performance documentation of
the material shall be submitted to the site engineer for approval.
Standard panels (2.4 m x 0.6 m, 2.7 m x 0.6 m, 3 m x 0.6 m) shall be
laid in the metal channels as per manufacturers’ specification with
approval of site engineer to
Protection
Protect installed products shall be protected until completion of
project.
Damaged products shall be touched-up, repaired or replaced before
Substantial Completion
Measurement:
It shall be done in exact square meter of the area done after
deducting the openings.
Rate
Rate shall be for all the works including all Connections, bracing,
reinforcement, labor and materials.
UPVC
Refer UPVC door and windows
N24, N25 partition
board
Aluminium
Refer Aluminium door and windows
N26, N27
partition
11. O. Road Works / P. Gabion Works
Refer to Detailed Specification of relative departmental documents
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 133 Page 134 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) LIST OF APPROVED MAKES (Example only)
____________________________________________________________________________________
Sl.No.
MATERIALS
MANUFACTURERS
_______________________________________________________________________________________
1. Doors & Windows fixtures/ Fittings:
Everite, Hardima, Earl Bihari
2. Door Closer / Floor spring :
Doorking, Everite, Hardwyn, Amar Darmy.
3. Aluminium Sections. :
Indal , Bhoruka, Hindalco, Jindal
4. Clear Glass/ Clear Float Glass :
Modi, Gujrat Guardian, Tata, Saint Gobain(SG)
Toughened Glass
5. Laminates :
Formica, Decolam, Century, Marino, National, Green Ply
6. Synthetic Enamel Paints :
Berger (Luxol gold), Asian(Apcolite), ICI
Dulux (Gloss), Nerolac (Full gloss hard drying)
7. Oil Bound Distemper :
Asian (Tractor), Berger (Bison), Nerolac
(Super Acrylic).
8. Cement Paint :
Snowcem Plus, Berger (Durocem Extra),
Nerolac (Nerocem with titanium),.
9. Plastic Emulsion Paint :
ICI, Asian, Nerolac
10. Other Paints/Primers :
ICI Dulux, Asian, Berger, Nerolac
11. Cement : OPC 43 grade
conforming to BIS-8112 and approval of Engineer
12. Reinforcement Steel :
TMT steel conforming to BIS-1786 and approval of source by
Engineer
13. Glass Mosaic Tiles :
Italia, Bizzaza. Pallidio
14. Back-up Rod. :
Supreme Industries or equivalent
15. M.S. Pipe :
Jindal Hisar, Prakash-Surya, BST, Kalinga
16. Polysulphide sealant. :
Pidilite, Fosroc, Choskey, Chematal Rai
17. Polycarbonate Sheets :
GE Plastics or approved equivalent
18. Metal Fire Check Doors :
Navair, Shakti-met, Godrej, Pacific Fire Control,
Promat
19. Gyspum Board System :
India Gypsum, Laffarge, Boral
20. Sunken Portion Treatment :
Choksey, Roffe, Krytone,Sika
21. Admixtures for concrete. :
Cico, Vam Organics, Roffe, Pidilite
22. Epoxy Paint. :
Nerolac, Shalimar or approved equivalent.
23. Ceramic Tiles :
Johnson, Somany, Kajaria, Spartek, Nitco, Orient
24. Pre-Laminated Particle Board :
Novopan, Greenlam, Kitlam,Bhutan Board.
25. Flush Door Shutters. :
Century, Kitply, Novapan, GIC Goyal, Green Ply
26. Silicon Treatment :
GE-Silicon, Pidilite, Choksey, Wacker, Forsoc
27. Glazed Tiles :
Bell, Somany, Johnson, Kajaria, Cera.
28. PVC Water Stops :
Supreme, Fixopan or approved equivalent
29. White Cement. :
Birla White, J.K.
30. Powder Coating Material Pure
Polyester. :
Jotun , Berger, Goodlass Nerolac
31. Masking Tapes :
Suncontrol , Wonder Polymer.
32. Stainless Steel Screws For
Fabrication and fixing of Windows.:
Kundan , Puja , Atul.
33. Proposed Treatment on MS Brackets. : Galvanised Brackets As per IS:4759-1996 610
gms./sqm.(microns) 80-90
34. Dash Fasteners./Anchor bolts :
Hilti, Fischer, Bosch.
35. Stainless Steel Bolts, Washers Nuts. :
Kundan, Puja, Atul.
Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) Page 135 36. Stainless Steel Pressure Plate Screws. : Kundan, Puja, Atul.
37. Stainless Steel Friction Stay. :
Securistyle, Earl Bihari.
38. E.P.D.M. Gaskets. :
Anand Reddiplex, Enviro Seals
39. Weather Silicon. :
Dow Corning, Wacker, GE
40. Structural Silicon at butt joints :
- Do 41. PVC continous fillet for periphery
packing of Glazings /Structural glazings.: Roop, Anand, Forex Plastic.
42. Floor Springs. :
Doorking, Opel.
43. Aluminium Cleat arrangement for
Glazings. :
Deco or approved equivalent
44. Water proofing / Injection Grouting :
Overseas Water Proofing Corporation
45. 6mm thick Reflective Glass :
Glaverbel, Glavermas, Saint Gobain.
46. Door Locks. :
ACME, Godrej, Harrison
47. Door Seal – Woolpile Weather Strip : Anand -Reddiplex.
48. Aluminium Grill :
Decogrille and approved Equivalent
49. Vitrified Porcelene Tiles: :
Restile (Granamite- Atena), Naveen, Bell-Ceramics,
Kajaria, Somani
50. Carpets :
Hollitex, Standard, Mohawk
51. Aluminium Cladding sheets :
Alstrong , Alpolic, Alucobond,
52. Aluminium Die-cast handles :
Giesse, Securistyle, Alu-alpha
& two point locking kit
53. Stainless steel D-handles :
D-line, Giesse, Dorma
54. Auditorium Chairs :
Penworker, Suri Cine chairs, Godrej
55. Woollen Fabric for Auditorium :
ESSMA, Raymonds
56. Stainless Steel Pipes/Flats :
304 Grade
57. Structural Steel :
Conforming to BIS 2062 and approval by Engineer
58. Ready Mix Concrete :
L&T,ACC,BIRLA,AHLCON
59. Antistatic Epoxy Floor :
Fosrock, Beck, Famaflor, STP
60. SBS bitumen based Self adhesive
membrane Material :
Grace-Bituthene CP1.5, Texsa-Texself 1.5
61. Acoustic Mineral Fibre :
USG-Radar, Armstrong, 21st Century, Acostyle
62. APP modified Bitumen water
proofing membrane :
Lloyds, STP, Bitumat
63. Hand made ceramic tiles :
Raja Tiles, Saraswathi
64. Curtain wall :
Specialised Agency to be Approved by Engineer
65. Fire Panic bar :
Briton, Monarch, Von-Duprin
66 Ply board :
Greenply, Kitply, Century
67 PVC Doors :
Rajshri or approved equivalent
Note : Wherever makes have not been specified for certain items, the same shall be as per National
Standard and as per approval of Engineer
Page 136 Detailed Specifications Of Building Works (Civil) 
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