V-Contact VSC Installation and service instructions 7.2/12 kV

V-Contact VSC Installation and service instructions 7.2/12 kV
Medium voltage products
V-Contact VSC
Installation and service instructions
7.2/12 kV - 400 A
This instruction booklet refers to the following models:
VSC/F-VSC/FN-VSC/P-VSC/PG-VSC/PN-VSC/PNG
VSC-S/F-VSC-S/G-VSC-S/PG-VSC-S/PNG
For your safety!
1
I. Introduction 2
II. Programme for environmental protection
2
III.Application of the standards for X-ray emission
3
IV.Safety information
3
V. Qualified personnel
3
VI.Interventions in the field
3
1. Description
4
1.1. “MAC” magnetic drive
4
1.2. Versions available
5
1.3. Characteristics
6
1.4. Weights and overall dimensions
6
1.5.Performances
8
1.6. Contactor auxiliary contacts
8
1.7. Compliance with Standards
9
1.8. Protection against short-circuit 9
2. Checking on receipt
10
3.Handling
11
3.1. Handling and lifting using a crane
12
4.Storage
13
5. Installation
14
5.1. General
14
5.2. Installation and operating conditions
14
5.3. Normal conditions
14
5.4. Special conditions
14
5.5. Overall dimensions
15
5.6. Assembly and making the connections
21
5.7. Description of the closing and opening operations 30
7.5. Servicing following a short-circuit or overload
38
5.8. Manual emergency opening operation
33
7.6. Repairs
38
6. Putting into service
34
7.7. Instructions for dismantling or replacing fuses
39
6.1. General procedures
34
7.8. Replacement of the contactor fuses
40
6.2. Racking the VSC/P contactor in and out
35
7.9. Mounting and dismantling the short-circuit busbar 43
7. Maintenance
36
7.10.Putting the contactor back into service
7.1. General
36
7.11.Checking the degree of vacuum of the interrupter43
7.2. Handling the MAC-R2 electronic card 36
8. Spare parts and accessories
44
7.3. Inspection 37
8.1. List of spare parts
44
7.4. Servicing
38
9. Product quality and environmental protection
44
43
For your safety!
• Make sure that the installation room (spaces, divisions and
ambient) is suitable for the electrical apparatus.
• Check that all the installation, putting into service and
maintenance operations are carried out by qualified
personnel with suitable knowledge of the apparatus.
• Make sure that the standard and legal prescriptions
are complied with during installation, operation and
maintenance, so that installations according to the rules
of good working practice and safety in the work place are
constructed.
• Strictly follow the information given in this instruction
manual.
• Check that the rated performance of the apparatus is not
exceeded during service.
• Check that the personnel operating the apparatus have
this instruction manual to hand as well as the necessary
information for correct intervention.
• Pay special attention to the danger notes indicated in the
manual by the following symbol:
Responsible behaviour safeguards your own
and others’ safety!
For any requests, please contact the ABB
Assistance Service.
1
I.Introduction
The instructions in this manual refer to the fixed and withdrawable
versions of the VSC series of contactors. For correct use of the
product, please read it carefully.
WARNING
For the electrical and construction characteristics and the overall
dimensions of the V-Contact VSC contactors, please also see
technical catalogue 1VCP000165.
Dangerous voltages. Risk of death, serious
injury to people, damage to the apparatus or
other objects.
Like all the apparatus we manufacture, the V-Contact vacuum
contactors are designed for different installation configurations.
Furthermore, this apparatus allows further technical and
construction modifications (at the customer’s request) to adapt to
special installation requirements. Consequently, this manual may
not provide information concerning special configurations of the
apparatus.
Before carrying out any maintenance
operations, turn the power supply off and
earth the apparatus.
Read and understand this instruction manual
before installation, service or maintenance of
the apparatus.
Maintenance must only be carried out by
skilled personnel.
Apart from this manual, it is therefore always necessary to consult
the latest technical documentation (circuit and wiring diagrams,
assembly and installation drawings, any protection coordination
studies, etc.), especially regarding any variants requested in
relation to the standardised configurations.
The use of unauthorized spare parts for
repairs to the apparatus, modification of the
apparatus itself, or tampering by unskilled
personnel creates hazardous conditions
which may cause death or serious injury
to people, or damage to the apparatus or
other objects. Carefully follow all the safety
instructions given in this manual.
Only use original spare parts for maintenance operations. The use
of non-original spare parts can cause hazardous malfunctions
and the apparatus warranty will no longer be valid.
Please refer to the technical sheets of the Kits for correct
assembly of the accessories and/or spare parts. For further
information, also see the 1VCP000165 technical catalogue of the
contactor and the spare parts catalogue.
This manual and all the enclosed drawings must be considered
an integral part of the apparatus. They must be easily to hand at
all times for revision and reference.
II.
These instructions do not intend to cover all the details,
configurations or variants of the apparatus, storage or
installation. For this reason, the information given below may
sometimes not contain the instructions regarding special
configurations. This does not relieve the user from their
responsibility for using good technical working practices
in application, installation, service and maintenance of the
apparatus purchased. Should further information be required,
please contact ABB.
The V-Contact VSC vacuum contactors are manufactured
in accordance with the ISO 14000 Standards (Guidelines
for environmental management). The production processes
are carried out in compliance with the Standards for
environmental protection in terms of reduction in energy
consumption as well as in raw materials and production of
waste materials.
All this is thanks to the medium voltage apparatus
manufacturing facility environmental management system.
2
Environmental protection
programme
III. Application of the X-ray emission
Standards
One of the physical properties of vacuum insulation is the
possibility of X-ray emission when the interrupter contacts
are open. The tests carried out at the PTB laboratories
(Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, in Brunswick Germany) show that local emission at a distance of 10 cm
from the interrupter or pole surface, does not exceed
1 µSv/h. It follows that:
– at the rated service voltage the use of vacuum interrupters
is absolutely safe;
– application of the withstand voltage at power frequency,
according to the IEC 62271-1 Standard, is safe;
– application of a voltage higher than the withstand voltage
at power frequency or of a direct current test voltage,
specified in the IEC Standard, cannot be used;
– limitation of the above-mentioned local phenomena, on
interrupters with open contacts, depends on keeping the
specified distance between the contacts. This condition is
intrinsically guaranteed by correct operation of the drive and
by transmission system adjustments.
IV. Safety information
All the installation, putting into service, running and
maintenance operations must be carried out by suitably
qualified personnel with in-depth knowledge of the apparatus.
Make sure that the personnel working on the apparatus
have this manual to hand and all the information required for
correct intervention.
Strictly follow the information given in this instruction manual.
Make sure that during the installation, service and
maintenance stages the standard and legal requirements
for constructing the installations in accordance with the
regulations for safety in the workplace are respected.
Check that the rated performance of the apparatus is not
exceeded during service.
V.
Qualified personnel
For the purposes of this manual and the product rating plates,
a qualified person is intended as a person who:
1)carefully reads the instruction manual all the way through.
2)has in-depth knowledge of the installation, construction
and service of the apparatus and knows about the risks
connected with any interventions.
3)is qualified and authorised to energise, de-energise, earth
and identify the circuits according to the safety procedures
and the local regulations in force.
4)is qualified and authorised to put this apparatus into
service, and to carry out maintenance and repair operations
on it.
5)is trained in correct use of protective equipment, such as
rubber gloves, hard hats, protective goggles, face shields,
flameproof clothing, etc. according to the safety procedures
and the local regulations in force.
6)is trained in first-aid procedures.
VI. Interventions in the field
ABB can provide competent and well-trained personnel for assistance in the field to give technical guidance and consultancy
regarding installation, full servicing, repair and maintenance of
apparatus.
3
1. Description
The medium voltage V-Contact VSC contactors are pieces
of apparatus suitable for operating in alternating current and
are normally used to control users requiring a high number of
hourly operations.
The basic contactors consist of:
• moulded polyester resin monobloc containing the vacuum
interrupters
• bistable electromagnet actuator
• multi-voltage feeders
• auxiliary contacts
• mechanical status indicator (open/closed)
• manual emergency opening device.
Apart from what is specified for the fixed contactors, the
withdrawable contactors also consist of:
• fuseholders preset for DIN or BS fuses (according to the
customer’s requirements)
• automatic opening device for intervention of even a single
fuse
• truck
• lock which prevents closing during the racking-in/out
operation.
The V-Contact VSC contactor introduces the drive with
permanent magnets - already widely used, experimented
and appreciated in medium voltage circuit-breakers - into the
worldwide panorama of medium voltage contactors.
The experience acquired by ABB in the field of medium
voltage circuit-breakers fitted with drives with “MABS”
permanent magnets, has made it possible to develop an
optimised version of the actuator (Bistable MAC drive) for
medium voltage contactors.
The drive is operated by means of an electronic feeder able
to cover all the power supply voltages required by the major
international Standards.
1.1. “MAC” magnetic drive
Based on the experience gained in the field of circuit-breakers
with magnetic drive, ABB has implemented this technology in
the field of contactors.
The magnetic drive adapts perfectly to this type of apparatus
thanks to its precise and linear travel.
This means that a simple and direct axial transmission of the
movement to the moving contacts of the vacuum interrupter
can be realised, with both electrical and mechanical benefits.
The drive, which is of bistable type, is fitted with an opening
and a closing coil.
The two coils - individually energised - allow the drive core to
be moved from one of the two stable positions to the other.
The drive shaft is solid with an iron core which is immersed
and held in position in a field generated by two permanent
magnets (fig. A).
Energising the coil opposite to the magnetic latching position
(fig. A) of the core, the magnetic field (fig. B) is generated,
which attracts and moves the core into the opposite position
(fig. C).
Every opening and closing operation creates a magnetic
field concordant with the one generated by the permanent
magnets, with the advantage, during service, of keeping
the intensity of the field itself constant as the number of
operations carried out increases.
The energy needed for operation is not supplied directly
by the auxiliary power supply, but is always “stored” in the
capacitor which acts as an energy accumulator, and therefore
operation always takes place with constant speeds and times,
regardless of the divergence of the power supply voltage from
the rated value.
Fig. A
Fig. B
Fig. C
Magnetic circuit in the closed position.
Magnetic circuit with opening coil supplied.
Magnetic circuit in the open position.
4
The auxiliary power supply only has the aim of keeping the
capacitor charged.
Consumption is therefore minimal.
The power required by the electronic device is indicated in the table below:
Starting (1)
Power supply voltage
24...60 V cc
110...250 V cc
After closing
After opening
Inrush for
2 ms
Inrush for
6 sec
Inrush for
1.2 sec
Inrush for
1.2 sec
42 A (2)
35 W
25 w
30 w
Continuous power
consumption
5w
110...250 V ac
(1) This value refers to a discharged capacitor.
(2) The value drops to 8 A for voltage values between 24...30V
Supply from voltage transformer or from UPS (Uninterrupted
Power System) not available.
Use the ABB S282UC-C3 thermal-magnetic circuit-breaker or
an equivalent type to protect the secondary circuits.
After powering, the electronic board takes 15 seconds
to perform self-diagnosis and then prepares for normal
operation, depending on the configuration. Do not operate the
contactor during this phase. Contact DO1 will remain open,
signal “not ready” and will only close after self-diagnosis has
terminated (“ready” state).
Careful selection of the components and a precise design
make the electronic multi-voltage feeder extremely reliable,
unaffected by electromagnetic interference generated by the
surrounding environment and free of any emissions which may
affect other apparatus placed in the vicinity.
1.2. Versions available
The V-Contact VSC are available in:
– fixed version without fuseholder
– fixed versions with fuseholder: VSC/F e VSC/FN.
– four withdrawable versions with fuseholder:
- VSC/P (IEC) and VSC/PG or VSC-S/PG (IEC/GB-DL)
withdrawable versions for UniGear, PowerCube, CBE and
PowerBloc with manual or motorized truck
- VSC/PN (IEC) and VSC/PG or VSC-S/PNG (IEC/GB-DL)
both versions withdrawable for UniGear MCC with manual
truck.
These characteristics have made it possible for the V-Contact
VSC contactors to pass the electromagnetic compatibility
tests (EMC).
5
1.3. Characteristics
Contactor
Reference
IEC 62271-106
Rated voltage
[kV] 4.1
Rated insulation voltage
[kV] 6.2
Withstand voltage at 50 Hz
[kVbil] 6.2
Impulse withstand voltage
Rated frequency
[Hz] 4.3
Rated service current
[A] 4.101
Short-time withstand current
Short-time withstand current for 1 s
[A] 6.6
Short-time withstand current for 2 s
[A]
Short-time withstand current for 4 s
[A]
Short-time withstand current for 30 s
[A] 6.6
Rated peak current
[kA] 6.6
Rated values
Operations / hour (SCO - DCO)
[Nr.] 4.102.4
Rated voltage of the voltage characteristics in category of use VSC7
VSC7/F (1)
VSC7/P ( 1)
VSC7/PN ( 1)
VSC7/FN
VSC12
VSC12/F (1)
VSC12/P ( 1)
VSC12/PN ( 1)
7.2
12
23
28
60
75
50-60
50-60
400
400
6,000
6,000
2,500
2,500
15
15
1.200
1,200
(Category AC4) 100 closing operations
[kA] 6.102.4
4,000
4,000
(Category AC4) 25 opening operations
[kA] 6.102.5
4,000
4,000
4.8, 4.9
Feeder 1 24÷60 V dc basic
Feeder 2 24÷60 V dc full option
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Switching devices and auxiliary circuits Feeder 3 110÷250 V dc/ac basic
Feeder 4 110÷250 V dc/ac full option
Normal current
[A] 6.4.6.5
Mechanical life
[Nr.] 6.101
400
400
1,000,000 ( 2)
1,000,000 (2)
Short-circuit breaking capacity (O-3min-CO-3min-CO)
[A] 6.104
5,000
5,000
Short-circuit making capacity (O-3min-CO-3min-CO)
[A] 6.104
13,000
13,000
Opening time
[ms] 35...60
35...60
Closing time
[ms] 60...90
60...90
•
•
Tropicalisation
IEC 721-2-1
(1) It is possible to combine current limiting fuses with breaking capacity up to 50 kA (IEC 62271-106 - 4.107) - Damage classification “C” (IEC 62271-106 - 4.107.3).
(2) With replacement of auxiliary contacts every 250,000 closing-opening operations.
(3) 42 kV for fixed versions and in dedicated Unigear switchgear
1.4. Weights and overall dimensions
Contactor
VSC7
Weight
Overall
dimensions
[Kg] 23
H
W
(1) Without fuses
6
D
VSC12
VSC-S/G
VSC7/F
VSC7/FN
VSC12/F
VSC-S/F
23
35
35
35
(1)
(1)
(1)
[mm] H 371
424
494
598
532
[mm] W 350
350
466
466
466
[mm] D 215
215
622
623
702
Reference
GB/T
14808-2001
VSC7/PNG (1)
VSC12/PNG ( 1)
VSC-S/G
VSC-S/F ( 1)
VSC-S/PG ( 1)
VSC-S/PNG ( 1)
7.2
12
12
DL/T
593-2006
4.1
•
6.2
32
42
28 (3)
6.2
60
75
75
4.3
50-60
50-60
50-60
4.101
400
400
250
4,000
4,000
6,000
6.6
•
600
4,000
4,000
6.6
2,500
2,500
2,500
6.6
15
15
15
1,200
1,200
4.102.2
1,200
6.102.4
4,000
4,000
6.102.5
4,000
4,000
4.8, 4.9
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
6.4, 6.5
400
400
400
6.101
1,000,000 (2)
1,000,000 ( 2)
200,000
6.104
5,000
5,000
-
6.104
13,000
13,000
-
35...60
35...60
35...60
60...90
60...90
60...90
•
•
•
•
VSC7/P
VSC12/P - VSC12/PG
VSC-S/PG
VSC7/PN
VSC7/PNG
VSC12/PN
VSC12/PNG
VSC-S/PNG
52
52
45
45
45
45
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
(1)
636
636
653
653
653
653
531
531
350
350
350
350
657
657
673
673
673
673
7
1.5. Performances
Contactor
VSC7
VSC7/F
VSC7/P
VSC7/PN
VSC7/PNG
VSC7/FN
Rated voltage
[kV] 2.2/2.5
VSC12
VSC12/F
VSC12/P
VSC12/PN
VSC12/PNG
3.6
3.6/7.2
6.2/7.2
12
Ultimate performances for: Motors
[kW] 1,000
1,500
1,500
3,000
5,000
Transformers
[kVA] 1,100
1,000
2,000
4,000
5,000
[kVAR] 1,000
1,500
1,500
3,000
4,800 ( 1)
3.6
3.6/7.2
6.2/7.2
12
250
250
250
250
8
8
8
8
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
Capacitors
Contactor
VSC-S/G
VSC-S/F
VSC-S/PG
VSC-S/PNG
Rated voltage
[kV] 2.2/2.5
Ultimate performances for back-to-back capacitors banks
Rated current
[A] 250
Max. transient current of the capacitor
[kA] 8
Max. transient frequency of the capacitor
[kHz] 2.5
(1) Overvoltage surge arresters are compulsory between phases and between phase and earth.
1.6. Contactor auxiliary circuits
10 auxiliary contacts (5 normally open and 5 normally closed)
are available on the contactor for the customer’s use, with the
following characteristics.
Auxiliary contacts characteristics
Rated voltage
24 … 660
Rated normal current
10
V
A
Rated short time current (30 ms, 20 times)
100
A
Rated frequency (for AC only)
50
Hz
Rated insulation voltage (DC)
800
V
Rated insulation voltage (AC)
660
V
Insulation test voltage
2500
V
Number of contacts
5
-
Stroke
6…7
mm
Maximum contact resistance
10
mΩ
Storage temperature range
-20 … +120
°C
Operating temperature range
-20 … +70
°C
Emperature rise of contacts
30
K
Breaking capacity
(single contact τ = 20 ms, 250 V dc)
250
W
Breaking capacity
(single contact τ = 20 ms, 110 V dc)
440
W
Breaking capacity
(two contacts in series τ = 20 ms, 250 V dc)
440
W
8
Characteristics of the contacts of the “Coil Continuity Control” and “Capacity Survey” devices
Technology
Relay with air-insulated contacts
Breaking characteristics:
Maximum breaking power
1200 VA (on resistive load)
Maximum breaking voltage
277 V AC, 30 V DC
Maximum breaking current
3A
Rated current
[email protected]
Contact characteristics:
Maximum resistance with contact open
150 mohm (measure of voltage drop 6 V DC 1)
Maximum capacity
1.5 pF
Trip times:
During closing
5.0 ms
During release
2.0 ms
Insulation:
Between contacts and coil
3000 V rms (50 Hz / 1 min.)
Between open contacts
750 V rms (50 Hz / 1 min.)
Resistance with contacts open
Min. 103 Mohm at 500 V DC
1.7. Compliance with Standards
1.8. Protection against short-circuit
V-Contact contactors comply with the Standards of the major
industrialised countries and in particular with the following
Standards:
– IEC 62271-106 (2011);
– IEC 62271-1 (2007);
– GB/T 14808-2001;
– DL/T 593-2006;
– IEC 60278 replaced by IEC 62271-200;
– IEC 60694 (2002) replaced by IEC 62271-1;
– IEC 60056 (4.104) replaced by IEC 62271-100;
– IEC 60470 replaced by IEC 62271-106.
The value of the installation short-circuit current could exceed
the breaking capacity of the contactor. The contactor must
therefore have adequate protection against short-circuit.
Fuse replacement must only be carried out
by qualified personnel.
9
2. Checking on receipt
During handling, take great care not to
stress the insulating parts of the apparatus
and the terminals of the contactor.
Any operation carried out on the contactor
must be done without the presence of
voltage and with the main protection device
open: danger of electrocution and/or severe
burns.
Make sure that operations are carried out
with the main and auxiliary power off.
Shock indicator
On receipt, immediately check integrity of the packing and the
colour of the “SHOCKWATCH” indicator (Fig. 1) placed on it.
If the “SHOCKWATCH” impact indicator is WHITE, it means
that the packing has not received any notable shocks during
transport. Open the packing, remove the contactor as
indicated below, and check the state of the apparatus and
its correspondence with the nameplate data (see fig. 2) with
what is specified in the accompanying shipping note and in
the order confirmation sent by ABB.
If the “SHOCKWATCH” impact indicator is RED, follow the
instructions indicated on the plate.
Opening the packing does not damage its components and it
can therefore be re-instated using the original material.
The contactor is shipped in special packing, in the open
position.
Each piece of apparatus is protected by a plastic cover
to prevent any infiltration of water during the loading and
unloading stages and to keep the dust off during storage.
To remove the contactor from the packing, proceed as
follows:
– open the plastic bag
– remove the contactor, avoiding any stress to the functional
insulating parts and the terminals of the apparatus.
– use the special lifting plates for the withdrawable version
– check the rating plate characteristics to make sure that the
performances are suitable for the destined application and
that they are those indicated in the order confirmation.
Should any damage or irregularity be noted in the supply
on unpacking, notify ABB (directly or through the agent or
supplier) as soon as possible and in any case within five days
of receipt.
The apparatus is only supplied with the accessories specified
at the time of ordering and validated in the order confirmation
sent by ABB.
The accompanying documents inserted in the shipping
packing are:
– instruction manual (this document)
– test certification
– identification label
– fiscal copy of the shipping advice note
– electric wiring diagram.
10
Fig. 1
A
B
C
D
VACUUM CONTACTOR
V-Contact VSC/P IEC 62271-106
SN
1VC1 AL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PR. YEAR ......
Ur
Up
Ud
fr
Ie
M
VOLTAGE ... kV
LIGHTING IMPULSE WITHSTAND VOLTAGE ... kV
POWER FREQUENCY WITHSTAND VOLTAGE ... kV
FREQUENCY ... Hz
RATED OPERATING CURRENT ... A
MASS ... kg
ALTITUDE CLASS < 1000 m
ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM 1VCD4 . . . . . . . . . . (. . . . .)
FIG. 01 . . . . . .
ALXXXXXXXXXXXXX
E
Ua AUXILIARY VOLTAGE
............
Made by ABB, Italy
A Trademark
B Type of apparatus
C Serial number
D Characteristics of the apparatus
E Characteristics of the control auxiliaries
F Reference standards
Fig. 2
Other documents which are sent prior to shipment of the
apparatus are:
– order confirmation
– original shipping advice note
– any drawings or documents referring to special
configurations/conditions.
F
3. Handling
The contactor can be lifted using a lifting truck or a fork-lift
truck.
The following precautions must be taken during contactor
handling:
1. Keep the contactor in the upright position.
2. Make sure that the load is balanced on the truck or on the
transport plate/pallet.
3. Interpose protective material between the contactor and
the truck to avoid any damage or scratches.
4. Fix the contactor onto the truck or onto the transport
plate/pallet to prevent it moving or tilting over.
5. Avoid excessive speed, sudden starts and stops or sharp
changes in direction during contactor handling.
6. Only lift the contactor enough to avoid any obstacles on
the floor.
7. Take care to avoid any impacts with structures, other
apparatus or with personnel when handling the contactor.
8. Never lift a contactor over an area where there are people.
9. During handling of the apparatus, do not stress the
insulating parts and the contactor terminals.
Fig. 3a - Handling using a lifting or fork-lift truck.
11
3.1. Handling and lifting using a crane
– Insert the lifting plates
–Lift
– After the unpacking and lifting operations, remove the lifting accessories.
Fig. 3c - Fixed contactor with fuses
Fig. 3b - Removal of the contactor from the packing and dismantling the lifting tools.
12
Fig. 3d - Withdrawable contactor
4.Storage
When a period of storage is foreseen, the original packing
must be put back. Store the contactor in a dry dust-free
area. It must not be left outside or in adverse micro-climatic
conditions: if it is left without protection, rust and deterioration
of the insulation can occur.
Insert special hygroscopic packets inside the packing, with
at least one standard packet per piece of apparatus. Replace
the packets approximately every 6 months.
Should the original packing no longer be available and
immediate installation is not possible, store in a covered,
well-ventilated, dry, dust-free, non-corrosive ambient, with a
dry atmosphere, away from any flammable materials and at a
temperature between – 5 °C and + 40 °C.
In any case, avoid any accidental impacts or positioning
which stresses the structure of the apparatus.
13
5. Installation
5.1. General
5.3. Normal conditions
Correct installation is of primary importance. The
manufacturer’s instructions must be carefully studied and
followed. It is good practice to use gloves for handling the
pieces during installation.
Follow the recommendations in the IEC 62271-1 and 62271-106
Standards. In more detail:
The areas involved in the passage of power
conductors or conductors of auxiliary
circuits must be protected against access of
any animals which might cause damage or
disservices.
The contactor enclosure must be installed in a clean, dry
and heated place with good ventilation. It must be easily
accessible for cleaning and inspection, and must be levelled,
placed on the supporting foundations and securely fixed into
position.
When the contactor is connected to a capacitive load, make
sure that there is a heating element to keep the humidity
down and of suitable size for the compartment where the
contactor is installed. The contactor must always be installed
associated with a suitable protection device (e.g.: fuses).
Ambient temperature
Maximum
+ 40 °C
Average maximum over 24 hours
+ 35 °C
Minimum (according to class – 5),
apparatus for indoor installation
– 5 °C
Humidity
The average value of the relative humidity, measured for a
period longer than 24 hours, must not exceed 95%.
The average value of the water vapour pressure, measured for
a period longer than 24 hours, must not exceed 2.2 kPa.
The average value of the relative humidity, measured for a
period longer than 1 month, must not exceed 90%.
The average value of the water vapour pressure, measured for
a period longer than 1 month, must not exceed 1.8 kPa
Altitude
< 1000 m above sea level.
5.4. Special conditions
The fixed version of the V-Contact VSC
contactors must be installed by the customer
so as to guarantee a minimum degree of
protection of IP2X.
Installations above 1000 m a.s.l.
Possible within the limits allowed by reduction of the dielectric
resistance of air.
For altitudes over 2000 m ask ABB.
Climate - Increase in temperature
5.2. Installation and operating conditions
The following Standards must be taken into particular
consideration during installation and service:
– IEC62271-1/DIN VDE 0101
– VDE 0105: Operation of electrical plants
– DIN VDE 0141: Earthing systems for electrical installations
with rated voltage higher than 1 kV
– All the accident prevention regulations in force in the relative
countries.
14
In order to avoid the risk of corrosion or other damage in
areas with high humidity and/or rapid large fluctuations
in temperature, take appropriate measures (for example,
using suitable electric heaters) to prevent any condensation
phenomena.
For special installation requirements or other operating
conditions, please contact ABB.
5.5. Overall dimensions
5.5.1. VSC fixed contactor
For the overall dimensions and distances between fixing holes, refer to figure 4a.
In any case, avoid stressing the supporting structure of the contactor: if necessary, arrange slots in the fixing area to facilitate
correct positioning of the apparatus.
The assembly positions can be selected between the two shown in figure 4b.
VSC7
(1) The width of the contactor varies based on the presence of the interfacing
shafts.
(2) Hole for earthing the contactor
(3) The maximum torque which can be applied to the interfacing shafts (right
and left) is 2 Nm. The rotation angle is approximately 10°.
VSC12
(1) The width of the contactor varies based on the presence of the interfacing
shafts.
(2) Hole for earthing the contactor
(3) The maximum torque which can be applied to the interfacing shafts (right
and left) is 2 Nm. The rotation angle is approximately 10°.
Fig. 4a
15
Installation of fixed contactors
The performance of the contactor remains unaltered in the installation positions indicated below:
VSC 7 - VSC 12
A) Floor-mounted with moving contacts at the bottom.
B) Wall-mounted with horizontal moving contacts and
terminals at the bottom.
C) Wall-mounted with horizontal moving contacts and
terminals at the top.
D) Wall-mounted with horizontal moving contacts with
interrupters on the front (or rear) with vertical terminals.
E) Ceiling-mounted with moving contacts at the top.
A
B
VSC 7/F - VSC 12/F - VSC 7/FN
A) Floor-mounted with moving contacts at the bottom.
C
D
E
VSC 7 - VSC 12
Fig. 4b
5.5.2. VSC/F contactor in fixed version with fuses
Please refer to figures 5a - 5b for the overall dimensions and the distances between the fixing holes.
In any case, avoid stressing the supporting structure of the contactor: if necessary, prepare slots in the fixing area to facilitate
correct positioning of the apparatus.
The contactor must be installed on the floor with moving contacts at the bottom (figure 5c).
16
VSC7/F
(1) The width of the contactor varies according to the presence of the
interfacing shafts
(2) Hole for grounding the contactor
(3) The maximum torque which can be applied to the interfacing shafts (right
and left) is 2 Nm. The rotation angle is about 10°.
Fig. 5a
VSC7/FN
350
623
338
115
615
28
115
11
12
216
4
30
8.5
40
132
91
319
8.5
220
22/36/70
22/36/70
15
374
578
598
12
10
28
215
450
466
291
332
11
195
Fig. 5b
17
VSC12/F
(1) The width of the contactor varies according to the presence of the
interfacing shafts
(2) Hole for grounding the contactor
(3) The maximum torque which can be applied to the interfacing shafts (right
and left) is 2 Nm. The rotation angle is about 10°.
Fig. 5c
Installation of the fixed contactor with VSC/F - VSC/FN fuses
Fig. 5d
18
5.5.3. Withdrawable contactor with VSC/P - VSC/PG - VSC/PN - VSC/PNG fuses
VSC7/P - VSC7/PG - VSC12/P - VSC12/PG
Fig. 6a
VSC7/PN
616
616
217
201
1:2
26
45
23
46
8
8
491,5
16
10
221
653,5
8
10
10
20
184
19
5
270,5
376,5
55
129
16
40
5
8
1:2
"OUT"
143
15
310
115
115
10
397
470
339
376,50
30,5
350
57
372
1:2
"TEST"
19
"IN"
45
80
55,5
208
8
4
57
Fig. 6b
19
VSC12/PN - VSC7/PNG - VSC12/PNG
616
616
217
201
1:2
26
184
45
23
46
8
221
652,5
8
10
10
20
8
45
53
16
40
5
376,5
B
8
A
16
1:2
5
"OUT"
19
143
15
40
310
10
57
115
372
115
397
339
470
30,5
350
376,5
1:2
"TEST"
19
"IN"
45
80
55,5
208
8
Type
Fuse
A
B
VSC 12/PN
Single
108
269.5
VSC 7/PNG
Double
129
270.5
VSC 12/PNG
Double
108
269.5
4
57
Fig. 6c
VSC 12/P contactor for marine environments
503
0
453 - 0.5
30
187
9
620
35
19.5
264 ±1
596
642
629
340
25.5
4
103
19
458 ±0.5
412
14
433
503
530
600
657
Fig. 6d
20
4
42.8
150
205 ±1
150
5.6. Assembly and making the
connections
5.6.1. Fixed contactors
WARNING
Dangerous voltages. Risk of death,
serious injury to people, damage
to the apparatus or other objects.
Remove the power supply, ground
and put all the power and control
voltage sources under safe
conditions before starting the
work on this or any other electrical
apparauts.
Installation must only be carried
out by qualified personnel.
Introduction
Before carrying out any installation operations:
• Test all the power terminals to check that they are not
supplied with voltage. Only use high voltage testing
equipment approved for checking the voltage on the power
terminals. Do not attempt to measure the high voltage
(above 600 volt) with a volt-ohm/meter.
• Check all the control and secondary circuit terminals with a
voltmeter to ensure that all the control and secondary input
voltage sources have been turned off.
• Connect the safety earthing to the power terminals after
having turned the power supply to the system off and
before working on the apparatus.
• Carry out all the operations for turning off the voltage and
earthing according to the established safety procedures.
Power circuit
General precautions
– Check that the connections of the fixed contactor or the
isolating contacts of the withdrawable contactor are clean
and free of any deformation caused by shocks received
during transport or storage in the warehouse.
– Select the cross-section of the conductors according to
the service current and the short-circuit current of the
installation.
– Prepare special pole insulators, near the terminals of the
contactor, sized according to the electrodynamic forces
deriving from the short-circuit current of the installation and
avoid stressing the connections laterally.
Surface treatment of the connections
The connections can either be made of bare copper or bare
aluminium. In any case, it is always advisable to silver-plate
the contact surfaces. The surface treatment must have a
constant and even thickness.
Assembly procedures for fixed contactors
– Check that the contact surfaces of the connections are flat,
and are free of any burrs, traces of oxidation or deformation
caused by drilling or impacts received.
– Carry out the operations indicated on the contact surface of
the conductor (silver-plated copper):
- clean with a rough dry cloth
- only in the case of obstinate traces of oxidation, clean
with a very fine grain emery cloth taking care not to
remove the surface layer
- if necessary, restore the surface treatment (consult ABB)
- put the connections in contact with the contactor
terminals, taking care to avoid mechanical stresses
produced, for example, by the conductor busbars on the
terminals themselves.
– Interpose a spring and a flat washer between the head of
the bolt and the connection.
– The use of bolts according to DIN class 8.8 Standards is
recommended, also referring to what is indicated in the
table.
– In the case of cable connections, strictly follow the
manufacturer’s instructions for making the terminals.
Bolt
Recommended tightening torque (1) Without lubricant
M6
10.5 Nm
M8
23 Nm
M10
50 Nm
M12
86 Nm
(1) The nominal tightening torque is based on a friction coefficient of the thread of 0.14
(distributed value the thread is subjected to which, in some cases, is not negligible).
Take into account the deviations from the general Standards table (for example, for contact systems or terminals) as foreseen in the specific technical documentation.
The thread and surfaces in contact with the heads of bolts must be slightly oiled or
greased, so as to obtain a correct nominal tightening torque.
The tightening torques indicated can only be applied to metal parts.
Earthing and cabling procedures
VSC conforms to level 3 of the IEC 61000-4-x EMC
Standards. With regard to medium voltage switchgear, the
plants where the VSC contactors are to be installed must
conform to the IEC 60694:2002-01 and IEC 62271-1 ed. 1.0
Standards, to ensure adequate electromagnetic immunity.
Pay great attention during earthing and cabling operations
of the auxiliary circuits. Follow the procedures indicated. For
further advice, please contact the ABB Service office. 21
Grounding
A good connection to earth guarantees correct operation of
all the apparatus installed. However, even earthing carried
out correctly is not a sufficient measure to ensure a good
connection between the VSC control module and earth. In
fact, since the control module of the contactor is connected
to the metallic base of the VSC by means of a copper
connection (Fig. 7), it is always necessary to check that the
connection is intact.
Furthermore, earthing must always be carried out between the
VSC frame and the main earthing system of the plant.
Use cables with a suitable cross-section and of the minimum
length needed.
Connection of metallic structures to exposed conductive
parts
In the case of painted parts of the supporting structure,
the various parts must always be scraped to eliminate the
paint and connected with busbars or copper braids so as to
guarantee low inductance connections.
To make a low inductance earthing connection, use cables
or busbars with an appropriate cross-section, preferably
rectangular. Scrape away the paint of the metallic parts over a
sufficiently large area, tighten the fixing screws and cover the
connected parts with Vaseline grease.
The length of the earthing cables must be as short as
possible. Connection to earth of the parts must guarantee the
same electric potential and low impedance.
22
Fig. 7 - Grounding
Figs. 8a - 8b show a grounding operation carried out correctly.
Fig. 8a
Fig. 8b
Figs. 8c - 8d show a grounding operation not carried out correctly and which, apart from being dangerous, does not
guarantee correct operation of the VSC.
Fig. 8c
Fig. 8d
Cabling
Make short connections (maximum 1 metre) inside the
medium voltage units and avoid positioning them close to the
medium voltage busbars.
All long connections must follow paths as close as possible to
the metallic frame. The connections must also be fitted with
ferrite rings to suppress high frequency interference.
It is good practice to run the cables inside metallic pipes or
ducts (earthed at several points) when they are subject to or
may be a cause of interference.
Cabling and earthing procedures according to IEC 610005-2 Standards: “Technical report: Installation and mitigation
guidelines”.
Where possible, the power supply and auxiliary circuit
cables must be braided. Their length must be calculated
appropriately to prevent any surplus and the maximum length
must be:
• 135 m for 24 to 130 V auxiliary voltage
• 400 m for 220 to 250 V auxiliary voltage
Longer lengths require an additional filter for every operating
input used (consult ABB).
In any case, any surplus parts of cables must be wound
separately and taken into the low voltage apparatus
compartment. Always avoid placing them in the vicinity of the
medium voltage cables or close to cables which may generate
interference or disturbances, such as current or voltage
transformer cables or power supply cables.
23
Connection of the auxiliary circuits
Connection to be made by the customer (*)
The cables to be used for connection of the auxiliary circuits
must have a rated voltage Uo/U of 450/750 V and be
insulated for 3 kV test.
Note: before carrying out the test, disconnect the earthing
connection of the electronic feeder.
Also remember that the auxiliary circuits must be checked at
the maximum voltage of 2 kV for 1 second in accordance with
what is prescribed in the Standards.
Pins XDB10-1 and XDB10-2 must always be supplied, both
in the SCO and DCO version (also see par. 5.8.). The polarity
is not important since the internal circuits take both AC or DC
signals. For further details, consult the electric circuit diagram
enclosed with the apparatus.
The cross-section of the connection cables must not be less
than 1.5 mm2.
Connection of the contactor auxiliary circuits must be made
by means of the socket with terminal box mounted on the
front of the electronic card.
Outside, the wires must run through metallic pipes or ducts
suitably earthed.
N. of pin
Connections
Abbr. of binary
outputs/inputs
Meaning of each pin (*)
Basic version
“Full option” version
-XDB10-1
Auxiliary power supply
–
Auxiliary power supply AC or DC (pole 1)
Auxiliary power supply AC or DC (pole 1)
-XDB10-2
Auxiliary power supply
–
Auxiliary power supply AC or DC (pole 2)
Auxiliary power supply AC or DC (pole 2)
Indication of unit ready and coil continuity
control (pole 1)
Indication of unit ready and coil continuity
control (pole 1)
Indication of unit ready and coil continuity
control (pole 2)
Indication of unit ready and coil continuity
control (pole 2)
-XDB10-3
Binary output n° 1
-XDB10-4
Binary output n° 1
-XDB10-5
Binary output n° 2
-XDB10-6
Binary output n° 2
-XDB10-7
Binary input n° 1
-XDB10-8
Binary input n° 1
-XDB10-9
Binary input n° 2
-XDB10-10
Binary input n° 2
-XDB10-11
Binary input n° 3
-XDB10-12
Binary input n° 3
-PFG
(*) For availability, ask ABB.
24
-PFR
-SFC
-SFO
-SFL2
Not used
Indication of capacitor state (pole 2)
Not used
Indication of capacitor state (pole 1)
Closing (pole 1)
Closing (pole 1)
Closing (pole 2)
Closing (pole 2)
Opening (pole 1)
Opening (pole 1)
Opening (pole 2)
Opening (pole 2)
Undervoltage (pole 1)
Undervoltage (pole 1)
Undervoltage (pole 2)
Undervoltage (pole 2)
-XDB10-...
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9
-10
-12
-11
Fig. 9
Checks
5.6.2. Withdrawable contactors and enclosures
After the above-mentioned operations, carry out the following
checks:
– check that the connections do not exert any force on the
terminals
– check tightness of the connections.
The withdrawable contactors are used in the UniGear ZS1
type switchgear and in the PowerCube modules.
Appropriately fixed together in the configurations defined
by the customer, the enclosures build up medium voltage
switchgear consisting of various units.
Rules for designing the switchgear
Arc proofing
The ABB enclosures are supplied with a reinforced door,
suitable for making arc proof switchgear.
• The reinforced enclosure alone cannot
guarantee arc proofing of the switchgear
designed by the customer. To guarantee
this, some representative configurations,
selected by the customer, must be
subjected to the tests according to the
prescriptions indicated in the IEC 62271200 Standards.
• For UniGear ZS1 type switchgear, all the
door knurls must be tightened to guarantee
arc proofing.
Fig. 10
25
Degree of protection
5.6.2.1. Withdrawable VSC/P contactors
Limited to the front part, the ABB enclosures guarantee the
following degree of protection:
• IP30 on the external housing;
• IP20 inside the switchgear with the door open.
Special versions up to IP41.
The contactors are used for rated voltages from 7.2 to 12
kV, rated normal currents up to 400 A and fault levels up to
1000 MVA (with suitable protection fuses in series with the
contactor).
The VSC/P contactor is made up of:
– a three-pole contactor with SCO or DCO function
– mechanical signalling of open/closed
– two pairs of auxiliary contacts signalling open/closed
– feeder able to operate in DC and AC
– a truck on which the supporting structure of the contactor
is fixed, consisting of two supports, closed at the front by
the protection with characteristics nameplate.
In the top part of the protection there are strikers 30a and
30b (fig. 11) for actuating the enclosure contacts to signal
the connected/isolated position.
The pin (34) for locking contactor racking-in with the
earthing switch closed on the enclosure, comes out on the
right side of the truck.
The enclosure alone supplied by ABB cannot
guarantee the degree of protection of the
switchgear designed by the customer. It
must undergo the tests according to the
prescription indicated in the IEC62271-200
Standards.
Heating
Refer to technical catalogue 1VCP000165 for the rated
capacity of the contactors, bearing in mind that apparatus
heating is affected by the following variables:
• layout of the enclosures in the switchgear designed by the
customer;
• degree of protection (ventilation slats);
• current density of the power supply busbars (busbar duct branches);
• ambient temperature.
For any needs, please contact ABB Service.
26
The crosspiece for hooking up the contactor to the
enclosure for operation of the truck is mounted on the front
of the truck (3);
– two supports (102) house the slide for actuation of the
segregation shutters of the fixed medium voltage contacts
of the enclosure and the locking slide of operation of the
switch itself with the contactor in the connected position
or during the isolation stage;
– when it is not inserted in the socket located on the
enclosure, the plug connector for the auxiliary circuits of
the contactor must be hooked up to the pin (101);
– mechanical signalling of open/closed (103);
– fuseholder complete with connections for fuses (104);
– input and output tulip isolating contacts (105);
– locks as per par. 5.6.2.2.;
– three current-limiting fuses (supplied on request) with high
breaking capacity connected in series to the contactor,
with dimensions according to:
• DIN 43625 Standard with maximum cartridge length e =
442 mm;
• BS 2692 Standard with maximum centre fixing distance
L = 553 mm;
– an impulse counter (supplied on request) which indicates
the number of operations carried out by the contactor
(106);
– manual emergency opening device (107)
– device for opening when a fuse blows.
5.6.2.2. Description of the locks for withdrawable VSC/P
contactors
– Electric lock which prevents the contactor being closed
when the truck is not in the racked-in and isolated
positions.
– Mechanical lock which prevents the contactor being
racked-in and out when it is closed and closing of the
contactor when the truck is not in the racked-in and
isolated positions.
– Electric lock which prevents closing of the contactor when a
fuse is missing or blown.
– Lock which prevents putting a contactor into service in an
enclosure preset for a circuit-breaker (*).
– Locking electromagnet on the contactor truck which when
there is no voltage, prevents racking-in or racking-out
(-RL2).
– Mechanical lock which prevents contactor racking-in if the
enclosure door is not closed (requires the same interlock in
the fixed part) (108).
– Mechanical interlock with earthing switch placed on the
enclosure - with earthing switch closed the contactor
cannot be racked-in and with the contactor racked-in or in
intermediate positions between racked-in and isolated, it is
not possible to close the earthing switch (34).
– Mechanical lock of the shutters when the contactor is
racked-out.
101
30a
104
30b
105
102
Fig. 11a
108
3
35
107
106
103
80
43 (-RL2)
39
44 (-BT3)
50
42
34
Fig. 11b - Locking devices on the racking-out truck
27
– Key lock on contactor racking-in - it is only possible to
activate the lock and free the key preventing contactor
racking-in with the contactor in the isolated position.
– Key lock with earthing switch open - this can only be
activated with the earthing switch open. The key can only
be removed with the electric lock activated.
– Key lock with earthing switch closed - this can only be
activated with the contactor in the isolated position and
with the earthing switch closed. The key can only be
removed with the lock activated.
– Preset for independent padlocks on the shutters and in the
closed and/or open position.
– Electric lock on racking-in and racking-out with the door
open (microswitch on the door) of the enclosure connected
in series with the locking electromagnet on the contactor
truck.
– Key lock on earthing truck racking-in - with the lock
activated all the operations with the contactor are possible,
but positioning the earthing truck in the isolated position
starting from the racked-out position is not allowed.
– Mechanical lock which prevents racking-out of the
connector of the auxiliaries when the contactor is racked-in
and during racking-in and racking-out.
– Electro-mechanical lock on de-energisation for the earthing
switch, which when there is no voltage prevents the
earthing switch operations.
– Electro-mechanical lock on the compartment door.
5.6.2.3. VSC/PN and VSC/PNG withdrawable contactors
The VSC/PN contactors are used for rated voltages from 7.2
to 12 kV, rated thermal currents up to 400 A and fault levels
up to 1000 MVA (with suitable protection fuses in series with
the contactor). In the same way, the VSC/PNG contactor
is used for 7.2 kV rated voltage and 400 A rated thermal
current.
Both the VSC/PN and the VSC/PNG versions of contactors
consist of:
– a three-pole contactor with SCO or DCO operation
– a fuseholder complete with terminals for fuses (121). In the
upper part there are strikers 1a, 1b and 1c (fig. 12 - page
29) for activating the enclosure contacts for signalling the
connected/test/isolated position
– a mechanical open/closed signalling device (120)
– two pairs of auxiliary contacts signalling open/closed
– feeder able to operate in d.c. and a.c.
– a truck on which the base plate of the contactor is fixed
and the front protective screen by means of two supports.
At the rear, two pins are positioned on the side walls of
28
the truck for locking contactor racking-in with the earthing
switch open on the enclosure, whereas the 45° slides
operate the segregation shutters of the medium voltage
fixed contacts of the enclosure. The crosspiece for hooking
the contactor onto the enclosure for truck operation is
mounted on the front of the truck
– the jaw-type input and output isolating contacts (122)
– the locks as per par. 5.6.2.4.
– three current-limiting fuses (supplied on request) with high
breaking capacity connected in series with the contactor,
with dimensions according to:
• DIN 43625 Standard with maximum cartridge length e =
442 mm (single cartridge)
• BS 2692 Standard with maximum fixing distance L = 553
mm (single and/or double cartridge)
– a mechanical operation counter which indicates the number
of operations carried out by the contactor (122)
– a manual emergency opening device even when energised
with medium voltage (125)
– a device for opening when a fuse blows, with relative fuse
blown indication.
5.6.2.4. Description of the locks for VSC/PN and
VSC/PNG withdrawable contactors
– Electric lock which prevents the contactor being closed
when the truck is not in the “racked-in” (200 mm), “test”
(47.5 mm) and “racked-out” (0 mm) positions (-BGT3) (fig.
12a).
– Mechanical lock which prevents the contactor being
racked-in and out when it is closed, and contactor closing
when the truck is not in the “racked-in”, “test” and “rackedout” positions (1) (fig. 12a).
– Electric lock which prevents contactor closing when a fuse
is missing or blown.
– Locking electromagnet on the contactor truck which, when
there is no voltage, prevents racking-in or racking-out
(-RL2) (fig. 12a).
– Mechanical lock which prevents contactor racking-in if the
enclosure door is not closed (requires a reciprocal interlock
in the fixed part) (126).
– Mechanical lock for the “test” position (2) (fig. 12a).
– Lock for different currents (5) (fig. 12a).
(*) This lock consists of some pins assembled in the plugs of the auxiliary circuits
which, with a suitable code, prevent connection of the plug in the enclosure socket.
The lock also foresees compulsory application of the locking magnet in the truck.
1b
1a
1c
12
121
122
122
125
120
126
Fig. 12
3
1
-BGT3
-RLE2
2
4
Fig. 12a - Locking devices on withdrawable truck.
5
Fig. 12b - Interlocking devices on withdrawable truck.
29
5.7. Description of the closing and
opening operations
function (UV) with delays which can be set according to the
The contactor drive operates in two different ways as shown
apparatus according to the version, see table 2.
in Table 1.
Supply the contactor with auxiliary voltage and operate it several
For the DCO version, further personalisation of the apparatus
times electrically. The contactor must carry out the opening and
can be made. In fact – the first of its kind – the V-Contact
closing operations correctly in accordance with the threshold
values defined in the IEC 62271-106 Standards.
requirements of the installation.
For a more detailed description of the behaviour of the
VSC contactor is fitted (on request) with an undervoltage
TABLE 1
Version
Description
Inputs
Closing
Opening
Undervoltage
-XDB10-7, -XDB10-8 -XDB10-9, -XDB10-10 -XDB10-11, -XDB10-12
SCO
(Single Command
Operated)
This version operates according to the state of the
command signal at terminals -XDB10-11 and -XDB10-12.
Contactor closing takes place when the voltage applied
to terminals -XDB10-11 and -XDB10-12 corresponds with
the values indicated in Table 2a
DCO (1)
(Double Command
Operated)
This version operates by means of two independent signals
for closing and opening applied to terminals -XDB10-7 and
-XDB10-8 for opening and -XDB10-9 and -XDB10-10 for
closing. The values of the signals are indicated in Table 2b.
Furthermore, on request, automatic delayed opening of the
contactor is available in the case of a drop or lack of voltage at
terminals -XDB10-11 and -XDB10-12 (configurable delay filter).
See Table 2b.
Not used
Not used
Used
Used
Used
If the undervoltage
function
is required ( 2)
(1) The contactor is restarted if the supply voltage of the board drops below 18V for more than 300ms.
(2) The undervoltage with time-delay function is guaranteed with 18V minimum residual voltage.
TABLE 2a
SCO (Single Command Operated) version
Terminals -XDB10-1 and -XDB10-2 must always be supplied at the rated voltage (tolerance: 85% … 110%)
Closing operation
Power supply, in continuous mode, to the UV input
Release voltage
(drop out)
Opening
operation (3)
A voltage drop occurs at terminals -XDB10-11 and -XDB10-12 for power supply voltage values between
75% and 10% of the rated voltage.
TABLE 2b
DCO (Double Command Operated) version
Terminals -XDB10-1 and -XDB10-2 must always be supplied at the rated voltage (tolerance: 85% … 110%)
Closing operation
Opening
operation
Supply terminals -XDB10-7 and -XDB10-8 with power. An impulse lasting at least 100 ms is
recommended. Note: an impulse lasting a shorter time may also cause contactor closing.
Opening operation
(switching)
Supply terminals -XDB10-9 and -XDB10-10 with power. An impulse lasting at least 100 ms is
recommended.
Note: an impulse lasting a shorter time may also cause contactor closing. In the case of simultaneous
power supply of terminals -XDB10-7 and -XDB10-8 and terminals -XDB10-9 and -XDB10-10, the opening
command prevails.
Release voltage
(undervoltage)
– Function available on request (UV = Undervoltage).
– Opening takes place for voltage values applied to terminals -XDB10-11 and -XDB10-12, between 70%
and 35% of the rated voltage (4)
(3) The opening operation is only instantaneous.
(4) The opening operation can be instantaneous or delayed (adjusting the daily by means of the special selectors) a 0.3 - 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 s. It is set to 0 s by default.
Setting for DCO
UV time (s)
S1-3
S1-4
Instantaneous ( )
0
0
0
0.3s
0
0
1
1
S1-5
1s
0
1
0
2s
0
1
1
3s
1
0
0
4s
1
0
1
5s
1
1
1
S1-6
30
Reserved – (1) See opening time par. 1.3.
5.7.1. Diagnostics
Two types of electronic cards are available, “Basic board”
and “Full option”, differing from each other in the diagnostic
functions they have available.
Both have:
– coil continuity control connected to the card
– capacitor voltage level control.
The “Full option” card also makes the following available:
– control of the state of capacitor efficiency, which is
fundamental for correctly carrying out the opening and
closing operations
– checking and indicating the temperature inside the
contactor.
The alarms corresponding to the above functions are made
available to the user by means of two contacts (3-4 and 5-6)
of the -XDB10 terminal box.
The cards periodically carry out the controls without
preventing the opening and closing operations.
The table below indicates the functions available.
5.7.3. Coil continuity control (CCC) and temperature monitoring
The unit checks actuator connection continuity so as to
reduce the risk of failure to operate following disconnection. It
also monitors the temperature of the board to reduce the risk
of operating beyond the board’s design limits.
This function is provided for both the basic MAC R2 board
and the “full option” version.
The test is performed:
– Every 2 minutes (irrespective of whether the apparatus is in
the open or closed condition)
– 15 seconds after starting
– After each operation
The test is not performed:
If the voltage of the external capacitance is less than 75 V
(“not ready” signal already given)
If the ambient temperature is less than -30° (“not ready” signal
already given)
An alarm signal is given by opening contact DO1 if errors
occur.
Basic board - Full option board
Ready DO1
-XDB10 (3-4)
Continuity control
Capacitor voltage level and VSC
internal temperature
Anomaly
No anomaly
– After each operation
– Start-up
– Every 12 hours
Continuously
DO1 open
DO1 closed
Control of state of capacitor
efficiency
–
Anomaly
No anomaly
– Start-up
– Every 12 hours
–
DO2 open
DO2 closed
Full option only
CBC DO2
-XDB10 (5-6)
5.7.2. Contactor power supply
5.7.4. Capacitor ageing control (CBC)
The contactor has been tested for all the auxiliary operating
voltages foreseen and indicated in the table:
The unit supervises bulk capacitor discharging so as to check
capacitor life.
The unit supervises main capacitor discharging so as to check
capacitor life.
This function is only available for the MAC R2 “full option”
version.
The test is performed:
– Every 12 hours when the apparatus is in the open condition.
– 15 seconds after starting.
– Two seconds after each opening operation if the contactor
has remained closed for 12 hours.
The test is not performed:
– If the voltage of the external capacitance is less than 75 V
(“not ready” signal already given).
– If the ambient temperature is less than -5° (“not ready”
signal already given).
The “not ready” state is signalled when the CBC function is
being performed and the function has priority over the closing
operation.
An alarm signal is given by opening contact DO2 if errors
occur.
Feeder 1-2 V c.c.
24
30
48
60
Feeder 3-4 V c.c. / V c.a. (50/60 Hz)
110
220
120
230
125
240
127
250
130
The contactor is, however, set with the operating voltage
defined in the order confirmation. The power supply voltage is
indicated on the contactor rating label.
The tolerances over the voltage values conform to what is
defined in the IEC 62271-106 Standard.
31
5.7.2.1 Changing the supply voltage of the contactor (within the reference range)
Fig. 13a
• This operation must be carried out by ABB personnel or
by suitably qualified customer personnel with in-depth
knowledge of the apparatus (IEC 62271-1, par. 10.4.2.).
• Always check that the apparatus is in the open position
before carrying out any activities.
Check that the medium voltage and auxiliary power supplies
have been removed.
Maintenance of the apparatus must only be carried out with
the contactor de-energized, racked-out of the compartment
of the enclosure and with the capacitor of the auxiliary
circuit discharged. To discharge the capacitor, remove
power from the -XDB10 terminal box and connect the
mobile two-pole -XDB50 connector to the ABB type CFD
device (fig. 13c). Completion of discharging is signalled by
the red light going completely off.
• The auxiliary circuit can be configured for all the direct and
alternating current voltages within the reference range. To
change the voltage value defined during the ordering stage,
proceed as follows: 1) remove the rear plastic protection
(fig. 13a); 2) access the MAC R2 electronic card (fig. 13b);
3) prepare the dip-switches according to the indications
given on the last page of the electric circuit diagram.
• After having set the desired value, the label with the new
voltage value must be overlayed the front rating plate of the
contactor.
Fig. 13b
Fig. 13d
Fig. 13c
32
• The small plate with the correct voltage value is in the
document envelope accompanying the product, along with
the electric circuit diagram and this manual.
• Contactor functional check is mandatory after the new
voltage setting; the qualified customer’s personnel should
carry out this check, responsibility for the interventions lies
with the customer.
5.8. Emergency opening operation
The contactor is fitted with manual
emergency operation which must be carried
out by suitably qualified personnel with indepth knowledge of the apparatus.
The following Standards must be taken into
particular consideration during installation
and service:
– IEC 62271-1/DIN VDE 0101
For the withdrawable VSC/P contactors placed in UniGear
ZS1 switchgear or PowerCube modules and for the
withdrawable VSC/PN and VSC/PNG contactors in UniGear
MCC switchgear, carry out the emergency operation with
the compartment door closed. To carry out the operation,
work towards the opening on the compartment door using
the special tool provided, fitted on the end with an 8 mm
hexagonal spanner. Apply a torque of 5 N with an operating
angle of about 30° clockwise. The point to operate in is
shown by the special plate located on the contactor shield
(see detail 1 - fig. 14b and 14c).
– VDE 0105: Operation of electrical plants
– DIN VDE 0141: Earthing systems for
electrical installations with rated voltage
higher than 1 kV
For fixed contactors, if the operations
are carried out with the medium voltage
protection “B” removed, pay great attention
to the moving parts.
– All the accident prevention regulations, in
force in the relative countries.
For withdrawable contactors, do not remove
the front shield to carry out the emergency
opening operation.
To manually open the contactor, it is necessary to work on
operating part A, consisting of a 8 mm hexagonal-head bolt,
working clockwise with a torque of about 5 Nm and at an
angle of about 30° (see fig. 14a).
If the contactor (in the fixed version) is placed inside the
switchgear, it is necessary to use a transmission made
of insulating material of suitable length, which allows safe
operation. The transmission device is to be provided by the
customer.
In any case, if auxiliary voltage is present,
take special care not to remove the
protective shield of the stored energy
capacitor and not to touch the capacitor
itself in any way.
1
1
A
Fig. 14a
B
Fig. 14b
Fig. 14c
33
6. Putting into service
6.1. General procedures
All the operations regarding putting
into service must be carried out by ABB
personnel or by suitably qualified customer
personnel with in-depth knowledge of the
apparatus and of the installation.
Before putting the apparatus into service, carry out the
following operations as well as those indicated in the table:
– check that the voltage and current applied are within the
specified rated values
– check tightness of the power connections of the fixed
contactors and integrity of the isolating contacts of the
withdrawable contactors
– carefully clean the sheets and insulating parts with brushes
and clean dry cloths. Avoid using jets of compressed air
– check the earthing connection of the fixed contactors
– check that no foreign bodies, such as bits of packing, have
got into the moving parts
– check that the value of the power supply voltage of the circuits
is between 85% and 110% of the rated auxiliary voltage of the
apparatus
– check that the contactor vacuum interrupter has not been
damaged due to accidental impacts. In case of doubt, carry
out the check indicated in paragraph 7.3. Table 4.
– make sure that all the barriers and protective shields are
correctly installed
– carry out the inspections indicated in table 3.
On completion of the operations indicated, check that
everything is put back in its original position.
The check can only be considered as passed
if all the tests indicated have had a positive
outcome.
In the case of a negative check, do not put
the apparatus into service and, if necessary,
contact ABB Service.
TAB. 3
Item inspected
Procedure
Positive check
1
Insulation resistance
Medium voltage circuit With a 2500 V megger, measure the
insulation resistance between the phases and the exposed
conductive part of the circuit.
The insulation resistance should be at least 50
Mohm.
2
Drive. Open/closed indicator,
operation counter (if provided)
Carry out a few closing and opening operations of the
contactor.
Operations and signals normal.
3
Auxiliary circuits
Check that the connections to the control circuits are
correct: proceed with the relative power supply.
Operations and signals normal.
With the contactor open, check that the thickness between
the body of the contact and the stem is 0.5 mm.
Tighten the fixing screws.
0,5 mm
34
6.2. Racking the VSC/P contactor in
and out
• Should operations be carried out with the
contactor racked-out of the switchgear,
pay great attention to the moving parts.
• The contactor must only be racked into
the unit in the open position. Racking-in
and racking-out must be gradual to avoid
shocks which might deform the mechanical
interlocks.
6.2.1. Contactor with manual truck
For the racking-in and racking-out operations of the manual
contactor, refer to the following manuals:
– PowerCube PBF fixed part – code: 1VCD600530
– PowerCube PBE and PBM module - code: 647652001
– UniGear ZS1 switchgear – code: 1VLM000363.
6.2.2. VSC/P contactors with motorised withdrawable truck
Carry out the racking-in/out test of the motorised truck in the
same way as for a manual truck, following the instructions
below:
– Rack the contactor into the switchgear in the open position.
Motor power supply circuit de-energized.
– Supply the truck motor circuit with power.
– Activate the command for the electrical racking-in
operation. When racking-in has been done, check correct
changeover of the relative auxiliary contact.
– Afterwards, activate the command for the electrical rackingout operation. When racking-out has been done, check
correct changeover of the relative auxiliary contact.
– In the case of a fault in the motor during a racking-in or
racking-out operation, the truck can be taken to the run
end manually in an emergency, first cutting off the voltage
to the motor power supply circuit and then using the
manual lever (Fig. 15) to operate in the same way as for the
manual truck.
– Insert the manual racking-in lever (Fig. 15) in the special
coupling (B - Fig. 14b).
The torque needed to carry out truck handling is < 25 Nm.
Checks:
a)clockwise rotation of the motor during circuit-breaker
racking-in.
b)anti-clockwise rotation of the motor during circuit-breaker
racking-out.
– Remove the manual crank.
Note
By means of the chain transmission, truck handling carried
out with the manual lever causes rotation of the truck motor
rotor which, behaving like a generator, can cause reversal
of voltage at the connection terminals. This can damage
the permanent magnet of the motor, therefore all the truck
racking-in and racking-out operations carried out with
the manual lever must be done with the motor circuit deenergized.
Fig. 15
35
7. Maintenance
Maintenance operations are aimed at ensuring trouble-free
operation of the apparatus for the longest possible time. The following operations must be carried out in accordance
with the IEC 61208/DIN 31051 Standards:
Inspection: Assessment of the actual conditions
Servicing: Measures to be taken to maintain the specified conditions
Repairs: Measures to be taken to restore the specified conditions.
Notes
The following rules must be respected for all maintenance
operations:
– the relative specifications indicated in the “Standards and
specifications” chapter;
– the regulations for safety in the workplace indicated in the
“Putting into service and running” chapter;
– the regulations and specifications in the country of
installation.
7.1. General
It is good practice to keep a maintenance card and a service
book where all the operations carried out can be noted down
in detail, together with the date, description of the anomaly
and the references of data needed to identify the apparatus,
etc. (see chapter 2).
Experience gained in use of the apparatus will allow the
optimal time intervals for interventions to be established. In
any case, inspection of the apparatus not more than one year
after it has been put into service is recommended.
In case of need and for further details, please refer to what is
prescribed in article 10.4.2 of the Standard (IEC 62271-1).
In any case, for any problems, please do not hesitate to
contact us.
The main activities which allow an efficient protection system
to be maintained are:
• making personnel aware of the problems regarding
protection against electrostatic discharges, with reference
to the IEC 61340-5-1 Standards (these problems are often
unknown or underrated)
• training personnel in correct use of protection equipment
and on its perfect working order
• selecting protection materials suitable for the effective
production requirements and using them
• marking the protected area and highlighting the presence of
sensitive devices so as to attract the attention of operators
on correct use of the protection devices
• technicians must always set an example by respecting the
rules and using protection devices appropriately
Observe the following basic rules:
• avoid using tools which are unsuitable for removing the
electronic cards (e.g. screwdrivers, etc.)
• handling the electronic card during maintenance or
replacement operations must be limited to the minimum
time possible
• always hold the electronic card at the edges
• avoid touching the components mounted on the card • pay attention when cables or connectors have to be
connected or disconnected
• avoid bending the card while inserting it in its seat or during
connector cabling
• avoid damaging the connectors, aligning the pins before
connecting the cable
7.2. Handling the MAC-R2 electronic card
Management of sensitive devices outside protected areas is
considered to be “field work” and normally includes product
packing, unpacking, installation and maintenance.
In all these cases, handling the devices must be carried out
taking care to keep the potential of your hands and that of the
work surface earthed, with an equipotential connection to the
main grounding branch point.
It is advisable for the operator to wear conductive shoes and
overalls and to wear earthed conductive arm bands.
Fig. 13a-13b shows a maintenance kit consisting of an
arm band and ground connection, both fitted with a 1 MW
integrated resistance.
Using suitable protective means to protect the electronic
devices is an indispensable task requiring diligence and
attention. Inserting these procedures in the normal service
activities allows optimization of resources and underlines their
importance.
Fig. 16
36
7.3.Inspection
– Carry out regular inspections to check that the interruption
devices are in good condition.
– The checks must include a visual inspection to find any
contamination, traces of corrosion or electrical discharge
phenomena (according to what is prescribed in table 4.
– When there are unusual service conditions (including
adverse climatic conditions) and/or in the case of
environmental pollution (e.g. heavy contamination or an
atmosphere with aggressive agents), the frequency of
inspections must be increased.
– Visual examination of the main contacts. The contact
areas must be cleaned if there are signs of overheating
(discoloured surface) (also see the paragraph on “Repairs”).
If any anomalous conditions are found, appropriate
maintenance measures must be taken (see the “Servicing”
paragraph).
M [mm]
VSC 7
VSC 12 / VSC-S
1.5...2
1.3...1.7
Fig. 17
TABLE 4
Interval
Operation to be carried out
1
Item to be inspected
Insulating parts.
1 year or
50,000 operations.
Visual inspection of the insulating parts. The insulating parts must be free of any
accumulation of dust, humidity, dirt (clean), cracks, traces of surface discharges or
damage.
2
Structure..
1 year or
50,000 operations.
Visual inspection of the structure and mechanisms. The components must be free of any
deformation, accumulation of dust, dirt or damage. The screws, nuts and bolts must be
correctly tightened. Avoid touching the ceramic surface.
3
Interrupter.
1 year or
50,000 operations.
Check that the interrupter is free of accumulation of dust, dirt (clean), cracks (replace),
traces of surface discharges or damage.
In case of accidental
impacts.
Carry out a voltage test with the contacts open at 15 kV - 50 Hz for one minute. If there
is a discharge during the test, the interrupter must be replaced because this type of
phenomenon corresponds to deterioration in the degree of vacuum. In case of need,
contact ABB Service.
4
Interrupter contacts.
1 year or
50,000 interruptions at the
rated current.
Refer to fig. 17.
The contact material vaporises from the surfaces during each interruption and condenses
elsewhere inside the vacuum interrupter. This is a normal process, and is foreseen by the
overrun, or by the wear tolerance.
As the contacts wear, the overrun distance “M” decreases.
When distance “M”, of any pole, goes below 0.5 mm with the contactor in the closed
position, all the sub-assemblies must be replaced.
Use a fork-shaped gauge 0.5 mm thick to carry out this measurement.
Caution! Never attempt to adjust the nuts of the vacuum interrupters for any reason
whatsoever.
The overrun distance must be checked, but not adjusted.
5
Auxiliary contacts.
1 year or
50,000 operations.
Check correct operation and the signals. Check that there are no burnt or worn contacts
(replace). 6
Auxiliary circuit
conductors.
1 year or
50,000 operations.
Check whether any cabling straps are loose or broken and check connection tightness.
Examine all the wire or cable connections to make sure that none of them are loose and
that there is no overheating.
7
Visual inspection of
the isolating contacts
(withdrawable contactors)
5 years.
The isolating contacts must be free of any deformation or erosion.
Lubricate the contact elements with 5RX Moly type grease.
37
7.4. Servicing
Carry out the checks described below.
Interval
Operation to be carried out
1
Item to be serviced
Contactor.
2 years or
100,000 operations.
Carry out five mechanical closing and opening operations. The contactor must operate
regularly without stopping in intermediate positions.
2
Contactor springs.
2 years or
100,000 operations.
Check integrity of the springs.
3
Power connections.
2 years or
100,000 operations.
Check tightness: M8 bolt = 23 Nm; M10 bolt = 33 Nm.
Check there are no traces of overheating or oxidation.
4
Earthing contact
(fixed contactors)
2 years or
100,000 operations.
Check tightness of the connections.
5
Insulation resistance.
2 years or
100,000 operations.
See par. 6.1.
6
Racked-in/isolated
auxiliary contacts in the
truck.
2 years or
100,000 operations.
Check that the signals are correct.
Furthermore provide:
– replacement of the auxiliary contacts after 250,000 operations.
7.5. Servicing following a short-circuit
or overload
General
It is foreseen that the VSC contactor be protected by power
fuses and/or by a circuit-breaker. In any case, the value of
a short-circuit can exceed the threshold of damage to the
vacuum bottles.
After interruption of a short-circuit at the maximum rated
MVA of the contactor, put the cause of the fault right, inspect
all the apparatus and carry out the repairs or replacements
necessary before putting the apparatus back into service.
Make sure that all the spare parts (when required) are suitable
for the application.
In case of any doubts, please contact ABB.
Have a complete check of the contactor
carried out by ABB personnel after 1,000,000
operations or 10 years of operation.
Contact ABB Service Assistance.
Enclosures
External evidence of deformation of the enclosure is usually
indicative of damage inside it. Extensive damage will require
replacement of the enclosure parts and of the apparatus
contained in it.
Terminals and internal conductors
Replace the damaged parts which show discolouration,
melting or damage caused by electric arcs.
Pay special attention to the moving parts.
Carry out the “Checking” procedures indicated in par. 6. of
this manual before putting the apparatus back into service.
7.6. Repairs
Replacement with spare parts and accessories must only
be carried out by ABB personnel or by suitably qualified
personnel with appropriate training.
All the power supply sources must be turned off and the
capacitor must be discharged.
Always work with the contactor open, with the work area
insulated and made safe.
Vacuum interrupters
A dielectric test by itself cannot be confirmation that the
interrupters have to be put back into service after a fault.
However, if there is no physical sign of stress and if the
distance M exceeds a minimum of 0.5 mm, the interrupters
can be tested dielectrically as mentioned in point 3 of table 4.
Should this test also be positive, it is reasonable to put the
interrupters back into service following a fault.
38
Should maintenance be carried out by the
customer’s personnel, responsibility for the
interventions lies with the customer.
7.7. Instructions for dismantling and
replacing fuses
7.7.1. General
• All the operations described below must be
carried out by suitably qualified personnel
with in-depth knowledge of the apparatus.
70-71
• Do not rack the contactor out unless
the enclosure is securely fixed in the
switchgear or to a stable base.
• Check that the contactor is open before
proceeding with isolation and its rackingout from the enclosure.
Fig. 18a
• Check that the contactor is open before
proceeding with replacement of the fuses.
30a
• The contactor is preset to house ABB
CMF/BS and ABB CEF/BS fuses.
30b
The fuseholder is preset for installation of fuses with the
dimensions and average type of striker according to DIN
43625 (1983) and BS 2692 (1975) Standards and with
electrical characteristics according to IEC 282-1 (1974)
Standards.
The fuseholder is always fitted with an automatic opening
device for a fuse blowing. This device prevents contactor
closing when even a single fuse is missing.
1
14
7.7.2.
Preliminary operations for fuse replacement
a) VSC/P
Fig. 18b
2
The contactor must be racked out of the enclosure for
replacement of the fuses.
The instructions for the racking-out operations are given in
the switchgear/enclosure manuals.
With the contactor racked out of the switchgear, unscrew
the four fixing screws of the shield and relative DIN washers
(fig. 18a) and position it as in fig. 18b. For 12 kV contactors,
remove protection (2) and (fig. 18c) proceed to replace the
fuses according to the instructions given in par. 7.8.
b) VSC/PN and VSC/PNG
To replace the fuses it is necessary to rack the contactor
out of the enclosure. The instructions for the racking-out
operations are given in the switchgear/enclosure manuals,
then proceed to replace the fuses according to the
instructions given in par. 7.8.
Fig. 18c
39
7.8. Replacement of the contactor
fuses
Check that the rated normal current of the
fuses to be installed corresponds with the
value indicated on the nameplate on the rear
of the fuseholder.
Fuses according to DIN Standards
69
Fig. 18d
a) Mounting the adapters (fig. 19a)
The fuseholder is designed to take fuses with a length of 442
mm. For smaller sizes, two adapters are required:
– Adapter (45) for fuses with a length of 192 mm (A)
– Adapter (46) for fuses with a length of 292 mm (B).
Select the type of adapter in relation to the type of fuse to be
used, and insert it fully over the fuse contact, opposite to the
one of the striker.
Tighten the steel band (47) and fully tighten the screw (48).
To dismantle, proceed in reverse order.
The same instructions are given in the Kit sheet put in the
adapter packing.
b) Dismantling the fuses (fig. 19b)
Open the locking rings (49) (fig. 19b) moving them in the
direction shown by the arrows using the tool (50), and remove
the fuse using the special tool (50).
c) Mounting the fuses (fig. 19c)
Fig. 18e
Open the locking rings (49) moving them in the direction
shown by the arrows using the tool (50) (fig. 19b), fully insert
the fuses with the contacts fitted with striker on the opposite
side to the isolating contacts of the contactor. Close the
locking rings again, moving them in the opposite direction to
the opening one.
46
B
Fuses according to BS Standards.
• Check that the rated normal current of the
fuses to be installed corresponds with the
value indicated on the nameplate on the
rear of the fuseholder.
A
48
• When tightening the screws, do not
force the connections (25 Nm maximum
tightening torque).
• Fuse mounting and dismantling must only
be done with the adapter (if required)
already mounted on it.
• Only use the material specified, provided
by ABB, for assembly.
40
47
45
Fig. 19a
50
50
49
49
Fig. 19c
Fig. 19b
41
a) Mounting the adapters (fig. 20a)
The fuseholder (32) (fig. 20b) is preset to take fuses with fixing
centre distance of 553 mm. For smaller sizes, three adapters
are needed, as indicated below:
– adapter (51) for fuses with fixing centre distance
54
l = 235 mm
51
52
53
– adapter (52) for fuses with fixing centre distance
l = 305 mm
– adapter (53) for fuses with fixing centre distance
l = 454 mm.
Select the type of adapter, fix it onto the fuse on the striker
side by means of the grub screws (54), the cup springs (55)
and the short nuts (58). Mount the adapter with the extension,
with the cap facing the striker.
55
58
Fig. 20a
The same instructions are given in the Kit sheet put in the
adapter packing.
61
Only position the grub screws (54) as shown
in the drawing.
b) Mounting the fuses (fig. 20b)
Mount the fuses or the adapter (preassembled as indicated
in par. a) with the striker, (indicated by the arrow) facing the
opposite side to the one of the contactor tulips and fix them
by means of the screws (56) and the spring washers (57).
61
32
c) Dismantling the fuses
To dismantle the fuses and relative adapters, proceed in
reverse order to par. b) and a).
Striker side
d) A ssembling and dismantling the VSC/PN and VSC/PNG
contactor fuses
It is also possible to use BS fuses with double cartridge
connected in parallel in the VSC/PN and VSC/PNG contactors
(fig. 20c) and therefore in series with the contactor. The
assembly and dismantling operations are the same as what
is described in sections a) , b) and c) above, with the only
difference being to handle a pair of fuses per phase at the
same time (fig. 20c) connected by means of a suitable
adapter.
Fig. 20b
Fig. 20c
42
7.9. Mounting and dismantling the
short-circuit busbar
7.10.Putting the contactor back into
service
a) Mounting (fig. 21)
7.10.1. Mounting the shield and insulating guard (fig. 18)
Mount the busbar with the feeler pin (60) on the opposite side
to that of the tulips and fix it with the screws (61).
Reposition the protection (1) (fig. 18b), repeating the
operations indicated in par. 7.7.2. in reverse order.
Remount the shield. Check that the impulse counter (14) (fig.
18c) inserts itself into the special seat (69) (fig. 18d) and fix the
shield with the screws (70) and DIN washers (71) (fig. 18a). b) Dismantling (fig. 21)
To dismantle, proceed in reverse order.
The same instructions are given in the Kit sheet put in the
short-circuit busbar packing.
61
7.10.2. Checking apparatus functions
Rack the contactor into the enclosure, working as indicated in
par. 6.
In the “isolated for test” position, check the correctness and
functionality of the contactor “open/closed” signalling by
carrying out a few operations.
7.11.Checking the degree of vacuum of
the interrupter
61
60
Fig. 21
This test is not required for normal maintenance. Should
it become necessary for extraordinary maintenance, carry
out the test on the interrupter without dismantling it from
the contactor and use the VIDAR tester, of the Programma
Electric GmbH, Bad Homberg v.d.H. company, for the
vacuum test.
To check the vacuum air tightness of the interrupter, prepare
the following VIDAR tester test values:
Contactor rated voltage
DC test voltage
7.2 kV
16 kV
12 kV
22.5 kV
The test must always be carried out with the contactor open,
with the contacts at the nominal distance.
Procedure for testing the vacuum of the interrupter of the
contactor poles:
– turn off the power and make the working area safe according
to the safety regulations of the IEC/DIN VDE standards;
– open the contactor;
– ground a terminal of each contactor pole;
– connect the ground terminal of the VIDAR tester to the
structure of the contactor (grounding point of the contactor);
– connect the high voltage terminal of the VIDAR tester to
the terminal not connected to ground of the contactor
pole (phase L1) and carry out the test. Repeat the test for
phases L2 and L3.
The tester connection cables can produce
an indication due to capacitive effect. In this
case, the cables must not be removed.
43
8. Spare parts and accessories
To order contactor spare parts/accessories, refer to technical
catalogue 1VCP000165 and always state the following:
– type of contactor
– rated voltage of the contactor
– rated normal current of the contactor
– serial number of the contactor
– rated voltage and frequency of any electrical spare parts.
For availability and to order spare parts, please contact ABB
Service.
8.1. List of spare parts
– Vacuum interrupter assembly (replacement to be carried out
by ABB)
– MAC-R2 electronic card
– Auxiliary contacts (5 normally open and/or 5 normally
closed)
– Capacitor
– Interfacing shaft (only fixed contactors)
– 12 kV insulation partitions (only fixed contactors)
– Actuator assembly (replacement to be carried out by ABB).
– Operation counter
– Fuses
– Adapters for fuses
– Fuseholders (replacement to be carried out by ABB)
– Tulip and jaw-type isolating contacts
– Locking magnet in the truck
– Microswitches.
9.Product quality and environmental protection
The pieces of apparatus are produced in compliance with the
requirements of the international standards regarding quality
and environmental management systems. In these fields, the
excellent level is proved by availability of the ISO 9001 and
ISO 14001 certificates.
ABB offers its competency and collaboration in facilitating
recycling and disposal of the products at the end of their
life. It is always necessary to act in compliance with the local
regulations in force for disposal of the products.
Methods of disposal
End of product life
ABB is committed to respecting the requirements and laws for
protection of the environment laid down according to the ISO
14001 Standard.
Disposal can either be carried out with thermal treatment in an
incineration plant or by storage in special areas
Material
Recommended method of disposal
Metals (Fe, Cu, Al, Ag, Zn, W, others)
Separation and recycling
Thermoplasts
Recycling or disposal
Epoxy resin
Separation of metal parts and disposal of resin parts
Rubber
Disposal
Dielectric oil (oil for transformers)
Recovery and recycling or disposal
Wood for packing
Recycling or disposal
Aluminium foil for packing
Recycling or disposal
44
45
ABB S.p.A.
Power Products Division
Unità Operativa Sace-MV
Via Friuli, 4
I-24044 Dalmine
Tel.: +39 035 6952 111
Fax: +39 035 6952 874
E-mail: [email protected]
ABB AG
Calor Emag Medium Voltage Products
Oberhausener Strasse 33
D-40472 Ratingen
Phone: +49(0)2102/12-1230, Fax: +49(0)2102/12-1916
E-mail: [email protected]
www.abb.com
The data and illustrations are not binding. We reserve the right to make
changes without notice in the course of technical development of the
product.
© Copyright 2014 ABB. All rights reserved.
1VCD600943-V5207 - Rev. B, en - Instruction Manual - 2014.06 (V-Contact VSC-F-P-PN-PNG) (gs)
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