KSZ8864CNX_RMNUB1.51 MB

KSZ8864CNX_RMNUB1.51 MB
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Integrated 4-Port 10/100 Managed Switch
with Two MACs MII or RMII Interfaces
Revision 1.4
General Description
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB is a highly-integrated, Layer 2managed 4-port switch with optimized design, plentiful
features and smallest package size. It is designed for costsensitive 10/100Mbps 4-port switch systems with on-chip
termination, lowest-power consumption, and small
package to save system cost. It has 1.4Gbps highperformance memory bandwidth, shared memory-based
switch fabric with full non-blocking configuration. It also
provides an extensive feature set such as the power
management, programmable rate limiting and priority ratio,
tag/port-based VLAN, packet filtering, quality-of-service
(QoS), four queue prioritization, management interface,
MIB counters. Port 3 and Port 4 support either MII or RMII
interfaces with SW3-MII/RMII and SW4-MII/RMII (see
Functional Diagram) for KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB data
interface. An industrial temperature-grade version of the
KSZ8864CNXIA and a qualified AEC-Q100 Automotive
version of the KSZ8864RMNUB are also available (see the
Ordering Information section).The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
provides multiple CPU control/data interfaces to effectively
address both current and emerging fast Ethernet
applications.
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB consists of 10/100 fast
Ethernet PHYs with patented and enhanced mixed-signal
technology, media access control (MAC) units, a highspeed non-blocking switch fabric, a dedicated address
lookup engine, and an on-chip frame buffer memory.
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB contains four MACs and two
PHYs. The two PHYs support the 10/100Base-T/TX.
All registers of MACs and PHYs units can be managed by
the control interface of SPI or the SMI. MIIM registers of
the PHYs can be accessed through the MDC/MDIO
2
interface. EEPROM can set all control registers by I C
controller interface for the unmanaged mode.
Datasheets and support documentation are available on
Micrel’s website at: www.micrel.com.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB is a 0.11µm technical device and
®
adding Micrel’s LinkMD feature, KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB is
completely pin-compatible with the KSZ8864RMN device.
Functional Diagram
Auto MDI/MDIX
10/100
T/TX
PHY1
10/100
MAC 1
Auto MDI/MDIX
10/100
T/TX
PHY2
10/100
MAC 2
10/100
MAC 3
PORT 4 MAC 4
SW4-MII/RMII
10/100
MAC 4
MDC/MDIO
SMI, MIIM
SPI
CONTROL REG SPI
P1LED[1:0]
P2LED[1:0]
LED I/F
Control
Registers
Tagging, Priority
PORT 3 MAC 3
SW3-MII/RMII
FIFO, Flow Control, VLAN
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Look Up
Engine
Queue
Management
Buffer
Management
Frame
Buffers
MIB
Counters
EEPROM
Interface
LinkMD is a registered trademark of Micrel, Inc.
Micrel Inc. • 2180 Fortune Drive • San Jose, CA 95131 • USA • tel +1 (408) 944-0800 • fax + 1 (408) 474-1000 • http://www.micrel.com
March 4, 2015
Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Features
Advanced Switch Features
Integrated 4-Port 10/100 Ethernet Switch
• IEEE 802.1q VLAN support for up to 128 VLAN groups
(full-range 4096 of VLAN IDs).
• Static MAC table supports up to 32 entries.
• VLAN ID tag/untagged options, per port basis.
• IEEE 802.1p/q tag insertion or removal on a per port basis
based on ingress port (egress).
• Programmable rate limiting at the ingress and egress on a
per port basis.
• Jitter-free per packet based rate limiting support.
• Broadcast storm protection with percentage control (global
and per port basis).
• IEEE 802.1d rapid spanning tree protocol RSTP support.
• Tail tag mode (1 byte added before FCS) support at Port 4
to inform the processor which ingress port receives the
packet.
• 1.4Gbps high-performance memory bandwidth and shared
memory based switch fabric with fully non-blocking
configuration.
• Dual MII/RMII with MAC 3 SW3-MII/RMII and MAC 4 SW4MII/RMII interfaces.
• Enable/Disable option for huge frame size up to 2000
Bytes per frame.
• IGMP v1/v2 snooping (Ipv4) support for multicast packet
filtering.
• IPv4/IPv6 QoS support.
• Support unknown unicast/multicast address and unknown
VID packet filtering.
• Self-address filtering.
• New generation switch with five MACs and five PHYs that
are fully compliant with the IEEE 802.3u standard.
• Non-blocking switch fabric assures fast packet delivery by
utilizing a 1K MAC address lookup table and a store-andforward architecture.
• On-chip 64Kbyte memory for frame buffering (not shared
with 1K unicast address table).
• Full-duplex IEEE 802.3x flow control (PAUSE) with force
mode option.
• Half-duplex back pressure flow control.
• HP Auto MDI/MDI-X and IEEE Auto crossover support.
®
• LinkMD TDR-based cable diagnostics to identify faulty
copper cabling.
• MII interface of MAC supports both MAC mode and PHY
mode.
• Per port LED Indicators for link, activity, and 10/100 speed.
• Register port status support for link, activity, full/half duplex
and 10/100 speed.
• On-chip terminations and internal biasing technology for
cost down and lowest power consumption.
• Port mirroring/monitoring/sniffing: ingress and/or egress
traffic to any port or MII/RMII.
• MIB counters for fully-compliant statistics gathering 34 MIB
counters per port.
• Loop-back support for MAC, PHY, and remote diagnostic
of failure.
• Interrupt for the link change on any ports.
Comprehensive Configuration Register Access
Low-Power Dissipation
• Serial management interface (MDC/MDIO) to all PHYs
registers and SMI interface (MDC/MDIO) to all registers.
• High-speed SPI (up to 25MHz) and I2C master Interface to
all internal registers.
• I/0 pins strapping and EEPROM to program selective
registers in unmanaged switch mode.
• Control registers configurable on the fly (port-priority,
802.1p/d/q, AN…).
• Full-chip software power-down and per port software power
down.
• Energy-detect mode support <0.1W full-chip power
consumption when all ports have no activity.
• Very-low full-chip power consumption (~0.3W), without
extra power consumption on transformers.
• Dynamic clock tree shutdown feature.
• Voltages:
− Analog VDDAT 3.3V only.
− VDDIO support 3.3V, 2.5V, and 1.8V.
− Low 1.2V core power.
− 0.11µm CMOS technology.
• Commercial temperature range: 0°C to +70°C.
• Industrial temperature range: –40°C to +85°C.
• Available in 64-pin QFN, lead-free small package.
Switch Monitoring Features
QoS/CoS Packet Prioritization Support
•
•
•
•
Per port, 802.1p and DiffServ-based.
1/2/4-queue QoS prioritization selection.
Programmable weighted fair queuing for ratio control.
Re-mapping of 802.1p priority field per port basis.
March 4, 2015
2
Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
•
•
•
•
•
•
Applications
•
•
•
•
•
VoIP phone
Set-top/game box
Automotive Ethernet
Industrial control
IPTV POF
SOHO residential gateway
Broadband gateway/firewall/VPN
Integrated DSL/cable modem
Wireless LAN access point + gateway
Standalone 10/100 switch
Embedded system
Ordering Information
For the device marking (second column in the following table), the fifth character of line two indicates whether the device
has gold wire bonding or silver wire bonding, as follows:
•
Gold wire bonding:
The Letter “S” is not present as the fifth character of line 2.
•
Silver wire bonding:
The Letter “S” is present as the fifth character of line 2.
For line two, the presence or non-presence of the letter “S” is preceded by YYWW, indicating the last two digits of the year
and the two digits work week for the chip date code, and is followed by xxx, indicating the chip revision and assembly site.
Order Part Number
Device Marking
Temperature
Range
Wire
Bonding
KSZ8864CNXCA
KSZ8864CNXCA
YYWWxxx
0°C to 70°C
Gold
MII/RMII, Pb-Free, Commercial Temperature,
Gold Wire Bonding, 64-Pin QFN
SPNZ801152
KSZ8864CNXCA
YYWWSxxx
0°C to 70°C
Silver
MII/RMII, Pb-Free, Commercial Temperature,
Silver Wire Bonding, 64-Pin QFN
KSZ8864CNXIA
KSZ8864CNXIA
YYWWxxx
-40°C to +85°C
Gold
MII/RMII, Pb-Free, Industrial Temperature, Gold
Wire Bonding, 64-Pin QFN
SPNY801152
KSZ8864CNXIA
YYWWSxxx
-40°C to +85°C
Silver
MII/RMII, Pb-Free, Industrial Temperature,
Silver Wire Bonding, 64-Pin QFN
KSZ8864RMNUB
(Automotive AEC-Q100
Qualified)
KSZ8864RMNU
YYWWB2x
-40°C to +85°C
Gold
MII/RMII, Pb-Free, Automotive Qualified Device,
Gold Wire Bonding, 64-Pin QFN
KSZ8864CNX-EVAL
Description
Evaluation Board for KSZ8864CNX
Revision History
Revision
Date
Summary of Changes
1.0
02/12/14
Initial document created.
1.1
02/13/14
Minor revision.
1.2
03/19/14
Change Automotive part number from KSZ8864RMNU to KSZ8864RMNUB. Update the description in
Introduction section. Update Register 1 bit [0] description. Correct typos.
1.3
12/8/14
Add missing data in table 22, update description from [20:16] to [11:7] in the port register control 2 bit [6].
Update package information. Added silver wire bonding part numbers to Ordering Information. Updated
Ordering Information to include Ordering Part Number and Device Marking. Add a note for the register
14 bits [4:3].
1.4
03/04/15
Update the ordering information table for KSZ8864RMNUB with device marking. Update the package
information with recommended land pattern.
March 4, 2015
3
Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Contents
List of Figures .......................................................................................................................................................................... 6
List of Tables ........................................................................................................................................................................... 7
Pin Configuration ..................................................................................................................................................................... 8
Pin Description ........................................................................................................................................................................ 9
Pin for Strap-In Options ......................................................................................................................................................... 13
Introduction............................................................................................................................................................................ 16
Functional Overview: Physical Layer Transceiver ................................................................................................................ 16
100BASE-TX Transmit ...................................................................................................................................................... 16
100BASE-TX Receive ....................................................................................................................................................... 16
PLL Clock Synthesizer ...................................................................................................................................................... 16
Scrambler/De-Scrambler (100BASE-TX only) .................................................................................................................. 16
10BASE-T Transmit........................................................................................................................................................... 17
10BASE-T Receive ............................................................................................................................................................ 17
MDI/MDI-X Auto Crossover ............................................................................................................................................... 17
Auto-Negotiation ................................................................................................................................................................ 19
®
LinkMD Cable Diagnostics ............................................................................................................................................... 21
On-Chip Termination Resistors ......................................................................................................................................... 22
Functional Overview: Power Management ........................................................................................................................... 23
Normal Operation Mode .................................................................................................................................................... 23
Energy Detect Mode .......................................................................................................................................................... 23
Soft Power-Down Mode..................................................................................................................................................... 24
Power Saving Mode .......................................................................................................................................................... 24
Port-Based Power-Down Mode ......................................................................................................................................... 24
Functional Overview: Switch Core ........................................................................................................................................ 24
Address Look-Up ............................................................................................................................................................... 24
Learning ............................................................................................................................................................................. 24
Migration ............................................................................................................................................................................ 24
Aging.................................................................................................................................................................................. 24
Forwarding ......................................................................................................................................................................... 25
Switching Engine ............................................................................................................................................................... 25
Media Access Controller (MAC) Operation ....................................................................................................................... 25
Inter-Packet Gap (IPG) ...................................................................................................................................................... 25
Back-off Algorithm ............................................................................................................................................................. 25
Late Collision ..................................................................................................................................................................... 25
Illegal Frames .................................................................................................................................................................... 25
Flow Control ...................................................................................................................................................................... 25
Half-Duplex Back Pressure ............................................................................................................................................... 28
Broadcast Storm Protection............................................................................................................................................... 28
MII Interface Operation ...................................................................................................................................................... 28
Switch MAC3/MAC4 SW3/SW4-MII Interface ................................................................................................................... 28
Switch MAC3/MAC4 SW3/SW4-RMII Interface ................................................................................................................ 30
Advanced Functionality ......................................................................................................................................................... 31
QoS Priority Support .......................................................................................................................................................... 31
Spanning Tree Support ..................................................................................................................................................... 32
Rapid Spanning Tree Support ........................................................................................................................................... 33
Tail Tagging Mode ............................................................................................................................................................. 34
IGMP Support .................................................................................................................................................................... 35
Port Mirroring Support ....................................................................................................................................................... 35
VLAN Support .................................................................................................................................................................... 35
Rate Limiting Support ........................................................................................................................................................ 36
Ingress Rate Limit.............................................................................................................................................................. 36
Egress Rate Limit .............................................................................................................................................................. 37
Transmit Queue Ratio Programming ................................................................................................................................. 37
Filtering for Self-Address, Unknown Unicast/Multicast Address and Unknown VID Packet/IP Multicast ......................... 37
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Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Configuration Interface ...................................................................................................................................................... 37
SPI Slave Serial Bus Configuration ................................................................................................................................... 38
MII Management Interface (MIIM) ..................................................................................................................................... 41
Serial Management Interface (SMI) .................................................................................................................................. 41
Register Descriptions ............................................................................................................................................................ 43
Global Registers ................................................................................................................................................................ 44
Port Registers .................................................................................................................................................................... 54
Advanced Control Registers .............................................................................................................................................. 64
Data Rate Selection in 100BT ........................................................................................................................................... 79
Data Rate Selection in 10BT ............................................................................................................................................. 80
Static MAC Address Table .................................................................................................................................................... 82
VLAN Table ........................................................................................................................................................................... 84
Dynamic MAC Address Table ............................................................................................................................................... 87
MIB (Management Information Base) Counters ................................................................................................................... 88
For Port 1 ........................................................................................................................................................................... 88
For Port 2, the base is 0x40, same offset definition (0x40-0x5f) ....................................................................................... 89
For Port 3, the base is 0x60, same offset definition (0x60-0x7f) ....................................................................................... 89
For Port 4, the base is 0x80, same offset definition (0x80-0x9f) ....................................................................................... 89
All Ports Dropped Packet MIB Counters ........................................................................................................................... 89
Format of “All Dropped Packet” MIB Counter.................................................................................................................... 89
MIIM Registers ...................................................................................................................................................................... 91
Absolute Maximum Ratings .................................................................................................................................................. 95
Operating Ratings ................................................................................................................................................................. 95
Electrical Characteristics ....................................................................................................................................................... 95
Timing Diagrams ................................................................................................................................................................... 97
EEPROM Timing ............................................................................................................................................................... 97
MII Timing .......................................................................................................................................................................... 98
RMII Timing ..................................................................................................................................................................... 100
SPI Timing ....................................................................................................................................................................... 101
Auto-Negotiation Timing .................................................................................................................................................. 103
MDC/MDIO Timing .......................................................................................................................................................... 104
Reset Timing ................................................................................................................................................................... 105
Reset Circuit Diagram ..................................................................................................................................................... 106
Selection of Isolation Transformer ...................................................................................................................................... 107
Selection of Transformer Vendors ................................................................................................................................... 107
Selection of Reference Crystal ........................................................................................................................................ 107
Package Information ........................................................................................................................................................... 108
March 4, 2015
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Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
List of Figures
Figure 1. Typical Straight Cable Connection ...................................................................................................................... 18
Figure 2. Typical Crossover Cable Connection .................................................................................................................. 19
Figure 3. Auto-Negotiation .................................................................................................................................................. 20
Figure 4. Destination Address Look-up Flow Chart – Stage 1 ............................................................................................ 26
Figure 5. Destination Address Resolution Flow Chart – Stage 2........................................................................................ 27
Figure 6. 802.1p Priority Field Format ................................................................................................................................ 32
Figure 7. Tail Tag Frame Format ........................................................................................................................................ 34
Figure 8. KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB EEPROM Configuration Timing Diagram ...................................................................... 38
Figure 9. SPI Write Data Cycle ........................................................................................................................................... 39
Figure 10. SPI Read Data Cycle ........................................................................................................................................... 39
Figure 11. SPI Multiple Write ................................................................................................................................................ 40
Figure 12. SPI Multiple Read ................................................................................................................................................ 40
Figure 13. EEPROM Interface Input Receive Timing Diagram ............................................................................................. 97
Figure 14. EEPROM Interface Output Transmit Timing Diagram ......................................................................................... 97
Figure 15. MAC Mode MII Timing – Data Received from MII ............................................................................................... 98
Figure 16. MAC Mode MII Timing – Data Transmitted from MII ........................................................................................... 98
Figure 17. PHY Mode MII Timing – Data Received from MII................................................................................................ 99
Figure 18. PHY Mode MII Timing – Data Transmitted from MII............................................................................................ 99
Figure 19. RMII Timing – Data Received from RMII ........................................................................................................... 100
Figure 20. RMII Timing – Data Transmitted to RMII ........................................................................................................... 100
Figure 21. SPI Input Timing ................................................................................................................................................ 101
Figure 22. SPI Output Timing.............................................................................................................................................. 102
Figure 23. Auto-Negotiation Timing .................................................................................................................................... 103
Figure 24. MDC/MDIO Timing............................................................................................................................................. 104
Figure 25. Reset Timing ...................................................................................................................................................... 105
Figure 26. Recommended Reset Circuit ............................................................................................................................. 106
Figure 27. Recommended Circuit for Interfacing with CPU/FPGA Reset ........................................................................... 106
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Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
List of Tables
Table 1. MDI/MDI-X Pin Definitions .................................................................................................................................... 17
Table 2. Internal Function Block Status .............................................................................................................................. 23
Table 3. Switch MAC 3 SW3-MII and MAC 4 SW4-MII Signals ......................................................................................... 29
Table 4. MAC3 SW3-RMII and MAC4 SW4-RMII Connection ........................................................................................... 30
Table 5. Tail Tag Rules ....................................................................................................................................................... 34
Table 6. FID+DA Look Up in the VLAN Mode .................................................................................................................... 36
Table 7. FID+SA Look Up in the VLAN Mode ..................................................................................................................... 36
Table 8. SPI Connections ................................................................................................................................................... 39
Table 9. MII Management Interface Frame Format ............................................................................................................ 41
Table 10. Serial Management Interface (SMI) Frame Format .............................................................................................. 41
Table 11. 100BT Rate Selection for the Rate Limit............................................................................................................... 79
Table 12. 10BT Rate Selection for the Rate Limit................................................................................................................. 80
Table 13. Format of Static MAC Table for Reads ................................................................................................................. 82
Table 14. Format of Static MAC Table for Writes ................................................................................................................. 83
Table 15. VLAN Table ........................................................................................................................................................... 84
Table 16. VLAN ID and Indirect Registers ............................................................................................................................ 86
Table 17. Dynamic MAC Address Table ............................................................................................................................... 87
Table 18. EEPROM Timing Parameters ............................................................................................................................... 97
Table 19. MAC Mode MII Timing Parameters....................................................................................................................... 98
Table 20. PHY Mode MII Timing Parameters ....................................................................................................................... 99
Table 21. RMII Timing Parameters ..................................................................................................................................... 100
Table 22. SPI Input Timing Parameters .............................................................................................................................. 101
Table 23. SPI Output Timing Parameters ........................................................................................................................... 102
Table 24. Auto-Negotiation Timing Parameters .................................................................................................................. 103
Table 25. MDC/MDIO Typical Timing Parameters.............................................................................................................. 104
Table 26. Reset Timing Parameters ................................................................................................................................... 105
Table 27. Transformer Selection Criteria ............................................................................................................................ 107
Table 28. Qualified Magentic Vendors ................................................................................................................................ 107
Table 29. Typical Reference Crystal Characteristics .......................................................................................................... 107
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Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Pin Configuration
64-Pin QFN
March 4, 2015
8
Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Pin Description
Type
(1)
Port
Pin Function
(2)
Pin Number
Pin Name
1
RXP1
I
1
Physical receive signal + (differential)
2
RXM1
I
1
Physical receive signal – (differential)
3
TXP1
O
1
Physical transmit signal + (differential)
4
TXM1
O
1
Physical transmit signal – (differential)
5
VDDA12
P
6
GND
GND
7
ISET
8
VDDAT
P
9
RXP2
I
2
Physical receive signal + (differential)
10
RXM2
I
2
Physical receive signal – (differential)
11
TXP2
O
2
Physical transmit signal + (differential)
12
TXM2
O
2
Physical transmit signal – (differential)
13
VDDAT
P
14
INTR_N
OPU
15
VDDC
P
16
SM3TXEN
IPD
3
MAC3 switch MII/RMII transmit enable
17
SM3TXD3
IPD
3
MAC3 switch MII transmit bit 3
18
SM3TXD2
IPD
3
MAC3 switch MII transmit bit 2
19
SM3TXD1
IPD
3
MAC3 switch MII/RMII transmit bit 1
20
SM3TXD0
IPD
3
MAC3 switch MII/RMII transmit bit 0
21
SM3TXC/
SM3REFCLK
I/O
3
MAC3 switch MII transmit clock:
Input: SW3-MII MAC mode
Output: SW3-MII PHY mode
Input: SW3-RMII reference clock
22
VDDIO
P
1.2V analog power
Ground with all grounding of die bottom
Set physical transmit output current. Pull-down with a 12.4kΩ 1% resistor.
3.3V analog VDD
3.3V analog VDD
Interrupt. This pin is the Open-Drain output pin.
1.2V digital core VDD
3.3V, 2.5V, or 1.8V digital VDD for digital I/O circuitry
23
SM3RXC
I/O
3
MAC3 switch MII receive clock:
Input: SW3-MII MAC mode
Output: SW3-MII PHY mode
Output: SW3-RMII reference clock
Unused RMII clock can be pull-down or disable by Register 87.
24
SM3RXDV/
SM3CRSDV
IPD/O
3
SM3RXDV: MAC3 switch SW3-MII receives data valid.
SM3CRSDV: MAC3 switch SW3-RMII carrier sense/receive data valid.
3
MAC3 switch MII receive bit 3.
Strap option:
PD (default) = enable flow control;
PU = disable flow control.
25
March 4, 2015
SM3RXD3
IPD/O
9
Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Pin Description (Continued)
(1)
Port
Pin Function
(2)
Pin Number
Pin Name
Type
26
SM3RXD2
IPD/O
3
MAC3 switch MII receive bit 2 and strap option:
PD (default) = disable back pressure;
PU = enable back pressure.
27
SM3RXD1
IPD/O
3
MAC3 switch MII/RMII receive bit 1
Strap option:
PD (default) = drop excessive collision packets;
PU = does not drop excessive collision packets.
28
SM3RXD0
IPD/O
3
MAC3 switch MII/RMII receive bit 0
Strap option:
PD (default) = disable aggressive back-off algorithm in half-duplex mode;
PU = enable for performance enhancement.
29
SM3CRS
IPD/O
3
MAC3 switch MII carrier sense
30
GND
GND
31
SM3COL
IPD/O
3
MAC3 switch MII collisions detect
32
SM4TXEN
IPD
4
MAC4 switch MII/RMII transmit enable
33
SM4TXD3
IPD
4
MAC4 switch MII transmit bit 3
34
SM4TXD2
IPD
4
MAC4 switch MII transmit bit 2
35
SM4TXD1
IPD
4
MAC4 switch MII/RMII transmit bit 1
36
SM4TXD0
IPD
4
MAC4 switch MII/RMII transmit bit 0
4
MAC4 switch MII transmit clock:
Input: SW4-MII MAC mode clock.
Input: SW4-RMII reference clock, please also see the strap-in pin P1LED1 for
the clock mode and normal mode.
Output: SW4-MII PHY modes.
37
SM4TXC/
SM4REFCLK
I/O
38
VDDIO
P
Ground with all grounding of die bottom
3.3V, 2.5V, or 1.8V digital VDD for digital I/O circuitry
39
SM4RXC
I/O
4
MAC4 switch MII receive clock:
Input: SW4-MII MAC mode.
Output: SW4-MII PHY mode.
Output: SW4-RMII 50MHz reference clock (the device is default clock mode; the
clock source comes from X1/X2 pins 25MHz crystal).
When the device is set in normal mode, (the chip’s clock source comes from
SM4TXC), the SM4RXC reference clock output should be disabled by the
Register 87. Please also see the strap-in pin P1LED1 for the selection of the
clock mode and normal mode.
40
SM4RXDV/
SM4CRSDV
IPD/O
4
SM4RXDV: MAC4 switch SW4-MII receives data valid.
SM4CRSDV: MAC4 switch SW4-RMII carrier sense/receive data valid.
4
MAC4 switch MII receive bit 3
Strap option:
PD (default) = disable switch MII/RMII full-duplex flow control;
PU = enable switch MII/RMII full-duplex flow control.
4
MAC4 switch MII receive bit 2
Strap option:
PD (default) = switch MII/RMII in full-duplex mode;
PU = switch MII/RMII in half-duplex mode.
4
MAC4 switch MII receive bit 1
Strap option:
PD (default) = MAC4 switch SW4-MII/RMII in 100Mbps mode;
PU = MAC4 switch SW5-MII/RMII in 10Mbps mode.
41
42
43
March 4, 2015
SM4RXD3
SM4RXD2
SM4RXD1
IPD/O
IPD/O
IPD/O
10
Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Pin Description (Continued)
Pin Number
44
Pin Name
SM4RXD0
Type
(1)
IPD/O
Port
4
Pin Function
(2)
MAC4 Switch MII/RMII receive bit 0.
Strap option: LED mode
PD (default) = mode 0;
PU = Mode 1.
See “Register 11.”
Mode 0
Mode 1
PxLED1
Link/Act
100Lnk/Act
PxLED0
Speed
Full duplex
45
SM4COL
IPD/O
4
MAC4 Switch MII collision detect:
Input: SW4-MII MAC modes.
Output: SW4-MII PHY modes.
46
SM4CRS
IPD/O
4
MAC4 Switch MII modes carrier sense:
Input: SW4-MII MAC modes.
Output: SW4-MII PHY modes.
MAC4 Switch SW4-MII enabled with PHY mode or MAC mode, have to configure
SCONF1 Pin 47 with SCONF0 Pin 48 together.
See pins configuration table below:
47
SCONF1
IPD
48
SCONF0
IPD
49
P2LED1
IPU/O
50
51
March 4, 2015
P2LED0
P1LED1
IPU/O
IPU/O
Pin#
(47,48)
Port 4 Switch MAC4
SW4- MII
00
(Default)
Port 4 SW4-MII PHY mode
01
Disable port 3 and port 4
10
Disable port 4 only
11
Port 4 SW4-MII MAC mode
Port 4 Switch SW4-MII enabled with PHY mode or MAC mode, have to configure
SCONF0 pin 48 with SCONF1 Pin 47 together.
See Pin 47 description.
2
LED indicator for Port 2.
This pin has to be pulled down by a 1K resistor in the design for
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB.
2
LED indicator for Port 2.
Strap option: Switch MAC3 used only.
PU (default) = Select MII interface for the Switch MAC3 SW3-MII.
PD = Select RMII interface for the Switch MAC3 SW3-RMII.
1
LED indicator for Port 1.
Strap option: Switch RMII used only.
PU (default) = Select the device as clock mode, when use RMII interface, all
clock source come from pin x1/x2 crystal 25MHz.
PD = Select the device as normal mode when use RMII interface. All clock
sources come from SW4-RMII SM4TXC pin with an external input 50MHz clock.
In the normal mode, the 25MHz crystal clock from pin X1/X2 doesn’t take affect
and should disable SW4-RMII SW4RXC 50MHz clock output by the register 87.
The normal mode is used when SW4-RMII receive an external 50MHz RMII
reference clock from pin SM4TXC.
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Pin Description (Continued)
Pin Number
Pin Name
Type
(1)
Port
Pin Function
(2)
52
P1LED0
IPU/O
1
LED indicator for Port 1.
Strap option: for Switch MAC4 only.
PU (default) = Select MII interface for the Switch MAC4 SW4-MII.
PD = Select RMII interface for the Switch MAC4 SW4-RMII.
53
MDC
IPU
All
MII management interface clock. Or SMI interface clock
54
MDIO
IPU/O
All
MII management data I/O. Or SMI interface data I/O
Features internal pull down to define pin state when not driven.
Note: Need an external pull-up when driven.
55
SPIQ
IPU/O
All
SPI serial data output in SPI slave mode.
Note: Need an external pull-up when driven.
56
SPIC/SCL
IPU/O
All
(1) Input clock up to 25MHz in SPI slave mode,
2
(2) Output clock at 61KHz in I C master mode.
Note: Need an external pull-up when driven.
57
SPID/SDA
IPU/O
All
(1) Serial data input in SPI slave mode;
2
(2) Serial data input/output in I C master mode.
Note: Need an external pull-up when driven.
All
Active low.
(1) SPI data transfer start in SPI slave mode. When SPIS_N is high, the device is
deselected and SPIQ is held in high impedance state, a high-to-low transition to
initiate the SPI data transfer.
2
(2) Not used in I C master mode.
58
SPIS_N
IPU
Serial bus configuration pin.
For this case, if the EEPROM is not present, the Switch will start itself with the PS
[1.0] = 00 default register values.
59
PS1
IPD
Pin Configuration
Serial Bus Configuration
PS[1.0]=00
I C Master Mode for EEPROM
PS[1.0]=01
SMI Interface Mode
PS[1.0]=10
SPI Slave Mode for CPU Interface
PS[1.0]=11
Factory Test Mode (BIST)
2
60
PS0
IPD
Serial bus configuration pin.
61
RST_N
IPU
Reset the device. Active low.
62
VDDC
P
1.2V digital core VDD.
63
X1
I
25MHz crystal clock connection or 3.3V oscillator input. Crystal/oscillator should
be ≤ ±50ppm tolerance.
64
X2
O
25MHz crystal clock connection.
Notes:
1. P = power supply
I = input
O = output
I/O = bidirectional
GND = ground
IPU = input with internal pull-up
IPD = input with internal pull-down
IPU/O = input with internal pull-up during reset; output pin otherwise
IPD/O = input with internal pull-down during reset; output pin otherwise
2. PU = strap pin pull-up
PD = strap pull-down
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Pin for Strap-In Options
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB can function as a managed switch or unmanaged switch. If no EEPROM or microcontroller
exists, the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB will operate from its default setting. The strap-in option pins can be configured by
external pull-up/down resistors and take effect after power-up reset or warm reset. The functions are described in the
following table.
Pin Number
Pin Name
Type
(3)
Port
Pin Function
(4)
25
SM3RXD3
IPD/O
MAC3 Switch MII receive bit 3
Strap option:
PD (default) = enable flow control;
PU = disable flow control.
26
SM3RXD2
IPD/O
MAC3 Switch MII receive bit 2 and Strap option:
PD (default) = disable back pressure;
PU = enable back pressure.
IPD/O
MAC3 Switch MII/RMII receive bit 1
Strap option:
PD (default) = drop excessive collision packets;
PU = does not drop excessive collision packets.
IPD/O
MAC3 Switch MII/RMII receive bit 0
Strap option:
PD (default) = disable aggressive back-off algorithm in half-duplex mode;
PU = enable for performance enhancement.
IPD/O
MAC4 Switch MII receive bit 3.
Strap option:
PD (default) = Disable Switch MII/RMII full-duplex flow control;
PU = Enable Switch MII/RMII full-duplex flow control.
IPD/O
MAC4 Switch MII receive bit 2.
Strap option:
PD (default) = Switch MII/RMII in full-duplex mode;
PU = Switch MII/RMII in half-duplex mode.
IPD/O
MAC4 Switch MII/RMII receive bit 1.
Strap option:
PD (default) =MAC4 Switch SW4-MII/RMII in 100Mbps mode;
PU = MAC4 Switch SW-5MII/RMII in 10Mbps mode.
27
28
41
42
43
44
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SM3RXD1
SM3RXD0
SM4RXD3
SM4RXD2
SM4RXD1
SM4RXD0
IPD/O
MAC4 Switch MII/RMII receive bit 0.
Strap option: LED mode
PD (default) = mode 0;
PU = mode 1.
See “Register 11.”
Mode 0
Mode 1
PxLED1
Link/Act
100Lnk/Act
PxLED0
Speed
Full duplex
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Pin for Strap-In Options (Continued)
Pin Number
Pin Name
Type
(3)
Port
Pin Function
(4)
MAC4 Switch SW4-MII enabled with PHY mode or MAC mode, have to configure
SCONF1 Pin 47 with SCONF0 Pin 48 together.
See pins configuration table below:
47
SCONF1
SCONF0
IPD
49
P2LED1
IPU/O
51
52
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P2LED0
P1LED1
P1LED0
Switch MAC4
SW4- MII/RMII
00 (Default)
Port 4 SW4-MII PHY mode
01
Disable port 3 and port 4
10
Disable port 4 only
11
Port 4 SW4-MII MAC mode
IPD
48
50
Pin# (47,48)
IPU/O
IPU/O
IPU/O
Port 4 Switch SW4-MII enabled with PHY mode or MAC mode, have to configure
SCONF0 Pin 48 with SCONF1 Pin 47 together.
See pin 47 description.
2
LED indicator for Port 2.
This pin has to be pulled down by 1K resistor in the design for
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB.
2
LED indicator for Port 2.
Strap option: Switch MAC3 used only.
PU (default) = Select MII interface for the Switch MAC3 SW3-MII.
PD = Select RMII interface for the Switch MAC3 SW3-RMII.
1
LED indicator for Port 1.
Strap option: Switch RMII used only.
PU (default) = Select the device as clock mode. When use RMII interface, all
clock source come from Pin x1/x2 crystal 25MHz.
PD = Select the device as normal mode when use RMII interface. All clock
sources come from SW4-RMII SM4TXC pin with an external input 50MHz clock.
In the normal mode, the 25MHz crystal clock from pin X1/X2 doesn’t take affect
and should disable SW4-RMII SW4RXC 50MHz clock output by the Register 87.
The normal mode is used when SW4-RMII receive an external 50MHz RMII
reference clock from pin SM4TXC.
1
LED indicator for Port 1.
Strap option: for Switch MAC4 only.
PU (default) = Select MII interface for the Switch MAC4 SW4-MII.
PD = Select RMII interface for the Switch MAC4 SW4-RMII.
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Pin for Strap-In Options (Continued)
Pin Number
Pin Name
Type
(3)
Port
Pin Function
(4)
Serial bus configuration pin.
For this case, if the EEPROM is not present, the Switch will start itself with the PS
[1.0] = 00 default register values.
59
PS1
IPD
Pin Configuration
Serial Bus Configuration
PS[1.0]=00
I C Master Mode for EEPROM
PS[1.0]=01
SMI Interface Mode
PS[1.0]=10
SPI Slave Mode for CPU Interface
PS[1.0]=11
Factory Test Mode (BIST)
2
Notes:
3. IPU = input with internal pull-up
IPD = input with internal pull-down
IPU/O = input with internal pull-up during reset; output pin otherwise
IPD/O = input with internal pull-down during reset; output pin otherwise
4. PU = strap pin pull-up
PD = strap pull-down
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Introduction
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB contains two 10/100 physical layer transceivers and four media access control (MAC) units
with an integrated Layer 2 managed switch. The device runs in multiple modes. They are two copper plus two MAC MII,
two copper plus two MAC RMII, two copper plus 1 MAC MII plus 1 MAC RMII, and two copper plus 1 MAC MII or 1 MAC
RMII. These are useful for implementing multiple products in many applications.
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB has the flexibility to reside in a managed or unmanaged design. In a managed design, a host
processor has complete control of the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB via the SPI bus, or partial control via the MDC/MDIO
interface. An unmanaged design is achieved through I/O strapping or EEPROM programming at system reset time.
On the media side, the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB supports IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX on all ports with Auto
MDI/MDIX. The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB can be used as fully managed 4-port switch through two microprocessors by its
two MII interface or RMII interface for an advance management application.
Physical signal transmission and reception are enhanced through the use of patented analog circuitry with enhanced
mixed signal technology that makes the design more efficient and allows for lower power consumption and smaller chip
die size.
Major enhancements from the KS8864RMN to the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB include further power saving, adding Micrel’s
®
LinkMD feature and 0.11um silicon process technology. The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB is completely pin-compatible with
the KSZ8864RMN.
Functional Overview: Physical Layer Transceiver
100BASE-TX Transmit
The 100BASE-TX transmit function performs parallel-to-serial conversions, 4B/5B coding, scrambling, NRZ-to-NRZI
conversions, MLT3 encoding, and transmission. The circuit starts with a parallel-to-serial conversion, which converts the
MII data from the MAC into a 125MHz serial bit stream. The data and control stream is then converted into 4B/5B coding,
followed by a scrambler. The serialized data is further converted from NRZ to NRZI format, and then transmitted in MLT3
current output. The output current is set by an external 1% 12.4kΩ resistor for the 1:1 transformer ratio. It has a typical
rise/fall time of 4ns and complies with the ANSI TP-PMD standard regarding amplitude balance, overshoot, and timing
jitter. The wave-shaped 10BASE-T output is also incorporated into the 100BASE-TX transmitter.
100BASE-TX Receive
The 100BASE-TX receiver function performs adaptive equalization, DC restoration, MLT3-to-NRZI conversion, data and
clock recovery, NRZI-to-NRZ conversion, de-scrambling, 4B/5B decoding, and serial-to-parallel conversion. The receiving
side starts with the equalization filter to compensate for inter-symbol interference (ISI) over the twisted pair cable.
Because the amplitude loss and phase distortion is a function of the length of the cable, the equalizer has to adjust its
characteristics to optimize the performance. In this design, the variable equalizer will make an initial estimation based on
comparisons of incoming signal strength against some known cable characteristics, then tunes itself for optimization. This
is an ongoing process and it can self-adjust against environmental changes such as temperature variations.
The equalized signal then goes through a DC restoration and data conversion block. The DC restoration circuit is used to
compensate for the effect of baseline wander and improve the dynamic range. The differential data conversion circuit
converts the MLT3 format back to NRZI. The slicing threshold is also adaptive.
The clock recovery circuit extracts the 125MHz clock from the edges of the NRZI signal. This recovered clock is then used
to convert the NRZI signal into the NRZ format. The signal is then sent through the de-scrambler, followed by the 4B/5B
decoder. Finally, the NRZ serial data is converted to the MII format and provided as the input data to the MAC.
PLL Clock Synthesizer
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB generates 125MHz, 83MHz, 41MHz, 25MHz, and 10MHz clocks for system timing. Internal
clocks are generated from an external 25MHz crystal or oscillator.
Scrambler/De-Scrambler (100BASE-TX only)
The purpose of the scrambler is to spread the power spectrum of the signal in order to reduce EMI and baseline wander.
The data is scrambled through the use of an 11-bit wide linear feedback shift register (LFSR). This can generate a 2047bit non-repetitive sequence. The receiver will then de-scramble the incoming data stream with the same sequence at the
transmitter.
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10BASE-T Transmit
The output 10BASE-T driver is incorporated into the 100BASE-T driver to allow transmission with the same magnetics.
They are internally wave-shaped and pre-emphasized into outputs with typical 2.3V amplitude. The harmonic contents are
at least 27dB below the fundamental when driven by an all-ones Manchester-encoded signal.
10BASE-T Receive
On the receive side, input buffer and level detecting squelch circuits are employed. A differential input receiver circuit and
a PLL perform the decoding function. The Manchester-encoded data stream is separated into clock signal and NRZ data.
A squelch circuit rejects signals with levels less than 400mV or with short pulse widths in order to prevent noises at the
RXP or RXM input from falsely triggering the decoder. When the input exceeds the squelch limit, the PLL locks onto the
incoming signal and the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB decodes a data frame. The receiver clock is maintained active during idle
periods in between data reception.
MDI/MDI-X Auto Crossover
To eliminate the need for crossover cables between similar devices, the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB supports HP Auto
MDI/MDI-X and IEEE 802.3u standard MDI/MDI-X auto crossover. HP Auto MDI/MDI-X is the default.
The auto-sense function detects remote transmit and receive pairs and correctly assigns transmit and receive pairs for the
switch device. This feature is extremely useful when end users are unaware of cable types and saves on an additional
uplink configuration connection. The auto-crossover feature can be disabled through the port control registers or MIIM
PHY registers. The IEEE 802.3u standard MDI and MDI-X definitions are:
Table 1. MDI/MDI-X Pin Definitions
MDI
MDI-X
RJ-45 Pins
Signals
RJ-45 Pins
Signals
1
TD+
1
RD+
2
TD-
2
RD-
3
RD+
3
TD+
6
RD-
6
TD-
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Straight Cable
A straight cable connects an MDI device to an MDI-X device, or an MDI-X device to an MDI device. Figure 1 depicts a
typical straight cable connection between a NIC card (MDI) and a switch, or hub (MDI-X).
Figure 1. Typical Straight Cable Connection
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Crossover Cable
A crossover cable connects an MDI device to another MDI device, or an MDI-X device to another MDI-X device. Figure 2
shows a typical crossover cable connection between two switches or hubs (two MDI-X devices).
Figure 2. Typical Crossover Cable Connection
Auto-Negotiation
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB conforms to the auto-negotiation protocol as described by the IEEE 802.3 committee. Autonegotiation allows unshielded twisted pair (UTP) link partners to select the highest common mode of operation. Link
partners advertise their capabilities to each other and then compare their own capabilities with those they received from
their link partners. The highest speed and duplex setting that is common to the two link partners is selected as the mode
of operation.
The following list shows the speed and duplex operation modes from highest to lowest.
•
Highest: 100Base-TX, full-duplex
•
High: 100Base-TX, half-duplex
•
Low: 10Base-T, full-duplex
•
Lowest: 10Base-T, half-duplex
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If auto-negotiation is not supported or the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB link partner is forced to bypass auto-negotiation, then
the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB sets its operating mode by observing the signal at its receiver. This is known as parallel
detection, and allows the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB to establish link by listening for a fixed signal protocol in the absence of
auto-negotiation advertisement protocol. The auto-negotiation link up process is shown in Figure 3.
Figure 3. Auto-Negotiation
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KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
®
LinkMD Cable Diagnostics
®
The LinkMD feature utilizes time domain reflectometry (TDR) to analyze the cabling plant for common cabling problems
such as open circuits, short circuits, and impedance mismatches.
LinkMD works by sending a pulse of known amplitude and duration down the MDI and MDI-X pairs and then analyzes the
shape of the reflected signal. Timing the pulse duration gives an indication of the distance to the cabling fault with
maximum distance of 200m and accuracy of ±2m. Internal circuitry displays the TDR information in a user-readable digital
format.
Note: Cable diagnostics are only valid for copper connections and do not support fiber optic operation.
Access
LinkMD is initiated by accessing the PHY special control/status Registers {42, 58} and the LinkMD result Registers {43,
59} for ports 1 and 2 respectively; and in conjunction with the registers port control 12 and 13 for ports 1 and 2
respectively to disable auto-negotiation and Auto MDI/MDIX.
Alternatively, the MIIM PHY Registers 0 and 1d can also be used for LinkMD access.
Usage
The following is a sample procedure for using LinkMD with Registers {42, 43, 44, 45} on port 1.
1. Disable Auto-Negotiation by writing a ‘1’ to Register 44 (0x2c), bit [7].
2. Disable auto MDI/MDI-X by writing a ‘1’ to Register 45 (0x2d), bit [2] to enable manual control over the differential pair
used to transmit the LinkMD pulse.
3. A software sequence set up to the internal registers for LinkMD only, see an example below.
4. Start cable diagnostic test by writing a ‘1’ to Register 42 (0x2a), bit [4]. This enable bit is self-clearing.
5. Wait (poll) for Register 42 (0x2a), bit [4] to return a ‘0’, and indicating cable diagnostic test is completed.
6. Read cable diagnostic test results in Register 42 (0x2a), bits [6:5]. The results are as follows:
00 = normal condition (valid test)
01 = open condition detected in cable (valid test)
10 = short condition detected in cable (valid test)
11 = cable diagnostic test failed (invalid test)
The ‘11’ case, invalid test, occurs when the KSZ8864 is unable to shut down the link partner. In this instance, the test is
not run, since it would be impossible for the KSZ8864 to determine if the detected signal is a reflection of the signal
generated or a signal from another source.
7. Get distance to fault by concatenating Register 42 (0x2a), bit [0] and Register 43 (0x2b), bits [7:0]; and multiplying the
result by a constant of 0.4. The distance to the cable fault can be determined by the following formula:
D (distance to cable fault) = 0.4 x (Register 42, bit [0], Register 43, bits [7:0])
D (distance to cable fault) is expressed in meters.
Concatenated value of Registers 42 bit [0] and 43 bit [7:0] should be converted to decimal before decrease 26 and
multiplying by 0.4.
The constant (0.4) may be calibrated for different cabling conditions, including cables with a velocity of propagation that
varies significantly from the norm.
For port 2 and for the MIIM PHY registers, LinkMD usage is similar.
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A LinkMD Example
The following is a sample procedure for using LinkMD on port 1.
//Set Force 100/Full and Force MDI-X mode
//W is WRITE the register. R is READ register
W 2c ff
W 2d 04
//Set Internal Registers Temporary Adjustment for LinkMD
W 47 b0
W 27 00
W 37 04 (value=04 for port1, value=05 for port2)
W 47 40 (bit6=1 for port1, bit5=1 for port2)
W 27 00
W 37 00
//Enable LinkMD Testing with Fault Cable for port 1
W 2a 10
R 2a
R 2b
//Result analysis based on the values of the Register 0x2a and 0x2b for port 1:
//The Register 0x2a bits [6-5] are for the open or the short detection.
//The Register 0x2a bit [0] + the Register 0x2b bits [7-0] = Vct_Fault [8-0]
//The distance to fault is about 0.4 x {Vct_Fault [8-0] – 26}
Note: After end the testing, set all registers above to their default values. The default values are ‘00’ for the Register
(0x37) and the Register (0x47)
On-Chip Termination Resistors
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB reduces the board cost and simplifies the board layout by using on-chip termination resistors
for all ports and RX/TX differential pairs without the external termination resistors. The combination of the on-chip
termination and internal biasing will save the power consumption as compared to using external biasing and termination
resistors, and the transformer will not consume power any more. The center tap of the transformer does not need to be
tied to the analog power due to have this feature of the internal biasing.
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Functional Overview: Power Management
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB can also use multiple power levels of 3.3V, 2.5V, or 1.8V for VDDIO to support different I/O
voltages.
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB supports an enhanced power management feature in the low power state with energy
detection to ensure low power dissipation during device idle periods. There are five operation modes under the power
management function, which is controlled by the Register 14 bit [4:3] and the Register Port Control 6 bit3 as shown below:
Register 14 bit [4:3] = 00 Normal Operation Mode
Register 14 bit [4:3] = 01 Energy Detect Mode
Register 14 bit [4:3] = 10 Soft Power Down Mode
Register 14 bit [4:3] = 11 Power Saving Mode
The Register Port Control 6 bit 3 =1 is for the Port-Based Power-Down Mode
Table 2 indicates all internal function blocks status under four different power management operation modes.
Table 2. Internal Function Block Status
Power Management Operation Modes
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Function Blocks
Normal Mode
Power Saving Mode
Energy Detect Mode
Soft Power-Down
Mode
Internal PLL Clock
Enabled
Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
Tx/Rx PHY
Enabled
Rx unused block
disabled
Energy detect at Rx
Disabled
MAC
Enabled
Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
Host Interface
Enabled
Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
Normal Operation Mode
This is the default setting bit [4:3] = 00 in Register 14 after the chip powers-up or experiences a hardware reset. When
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB is in this normal operation mode, all PLL clocks are running, PHY and MAC are on, and the host
interface is ready for CPU read or write.
During the normal operation mode, the host CPU can set the bit [4:3] in Register 14 to transit the current normal operation
mode to any one of the other three power management operation modes.
Energy Detect Mode
The energy detect mode provides a mechanism to save more power than in the normal operation mode when the
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB is not connected to an active link partner. In this mode, if the cable is not plugged, then the
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB can automatically enter to a low power state: the energy detect mode. In this mode,
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB will keep transmitting 120ns width pulses at a rate of one pulse per second. Once activity resumes
due to plugging a cable or due to an attempt by the far end to establish link, the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB can automatically
power up to its normal power state in energy detect mode.
Energy detect mode consists of two states, normal power state and low power state. While in low power state, the
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB reduces power consumption by disabling all circuitry except the energy detect circuitry of the
receiver. The energy detect mode is entered by setting bit [4:3] = 01 in Register 14. When the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB is in
this mode, it will monitor the cable energy. If there is no energy on the cable for a time longer than pre-configured value at
bit [7:0] Go-Sleep time in Register 15, then the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB will go into a low power state. When
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB is in low power state, it will keep monitoring the cable energy. Once energy is detected from the
cable, KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB will enter normal power state. When KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB is at normal power state, it is
able to transmit or receive packets from the cable.
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Soft Power-Down Mode
The soft power-down mode is entered by setting bit [4:3] = 10 in Register 14. When KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB is in this
mode, all PLL clocks are disabled, also all of the PHYs and the MACs are off. Any dummy host access will wake-up this
device from its current soft power-down mode to normal operation mode and internal reset will be issued to make all
internal registers go to the default values.
Power Saving Mode
The power saving mode is entered when auto-negotiation mode is enabled, the cable is disconnected, and by setting bit
[4:3] =11 in Register 14. When KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB is in this mode, all PLL clocks are enabled, MAC is on, all internal
register values will not change, and the host interface is ready for CPU read or write. This mode mainly controls the PHY
transceiver on or off based on the line status to achieve power saving. The PHY remains transmitting and only turns off
the unused receiver block. Once activity resumes due to plugging a cable or an attempt by the far end to establish a link,
the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB can automatically enable the PHY to power up to its normal power state from power saving
mode.
During this power saving mode, the host CPU can set bit [4:3] in Register 14 to transit the current power saving mode to
any one of the other three power management operation modes.
Port-Based Power-Down Mode
In addition, the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB features a per-port power-down mode. To save power, a PHY port that is not in
use can be powered down by the Registers Port Control 13 bit3, or MIIM PHY Registers 0 bit11.
Functional Overview: Switch Core
Address Look-Up
The internal look-up table stores MAC addresses and their associated information. It contains a 1K unicast address table
plus switching information. The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB is guaranteed to learn 1K addresses and distinguishes itself from
a hash-based look-up table that, depending upon the operating environment and probabilities, may not guarantee the
absolute number of addresses it can learn.
Learning
The internal look-up engine updates its table with a new entry if the following conditions are met:
•
The received packet’s source address (SA) does not exist in the look-up table.
•
The received packet is good; the packet has no receiving errors and is of legal length.
The look-up engine inserts the qualified SA into the table, along with the port number and time stamp. If the table is full,
the last entry of the table is deleted first to make room for the new entry.
Migration
The internal look-up engine also monitors whether a station is moved. If this occurs, it updates the table accordingly.
Migration happens when the following conditions are met:
•
The received packet’s SA is in the table but the associated source port information is different.
•
The received packet is good; the packet has no receiving errors and is of legal length.
The look-up engine will update the existing record in the table with the new source port information.
Aging
The look-up engine will update the time stamp information of a record whenever the corresponding SA appears. The time
stamp is used in the aging process. If a record is not updated for a period of time, the look-up engine will remove the
record from the table. The look-up engine constantly performs the aging process and will continuously remove aging
records. The aging period is 300 ±75 seconds. This feature can be enabled or disabled through Register 3. See “Register
3” section for more information.
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Forwarding
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB will forward packets using an algorithm that is depicted in the following flowcharts. Figure 6
shows stage one of the forwarding algorithm where the search engine looks up the VLAN ID, static table, and dynamic
table for the destination address, and comes up with “port to forward 1” (PTF1). PTF1 is then further modified by the
spanning tree, IGMP snooping, port mirroring, and port VLAN processes to come up with “port to forward 2” (PTF2), as
shown in Figure 7. This is where the packet will be sent.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB will not forward the following packets:
•
Error packets. These include framing errors, FCS errors, alignment errors, and illegal size packet errors.
•
802.3x pause frames. The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB will intercept these packets and perform the appropriate actions.
•
“Local” packets. Based on destination address (DA) look-up. If the destination port from the look-up table matches the
port where the packet was from, the packet is defined as “local.”
Switching Engine
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB features a high-performance switching engine to move data to and from the MACs, packet
buffers. It operates in store and forward mode, while the efficient switching mechanism reduces overall latency. The
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB has a 64KB internal frame buffer. This resource is shared between all five ports. There are a total
of 512 buffers available. Each buffer is sized at 128B.
Media Access Controller (MAC) Operation
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB strictly abides by IEEE 802.3 standards to maximize compatibility.
Inter-Packet Gap (IPG)
If a frame is successfully transmitted, the 96-bit time IPG is measured between the two consecutive MTXEN. If the current
packet is experiencing collision, the 96-bit time IPG is measured from MCRS and the next MTXEN.
Back-Off Algorithm
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB implements the IEEE 802.3 binary exponential back-off algorithm and optional “aggressive
mode” back-off. After 16 collisions, the packet will be optionally dropped depending on the chip configuration in Register
3. See “Register 3” for additional information.
Late Collision
If a transmit packet experiences collisions after 512-bit times of the transmission, the packet will be dropped.
Illegal Frames
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB discards frames less than 64 bytes and can be programmed to accept frames up to 1536
bytes in Register 4. For special applications, the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB can also be programmed to accept frames up to
1916 bytes in Register 4. Because the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB supports VLAN tags, the maximum sizing is adjusted when
these tags are present.
Flow Control
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB supports IEEE 802.3x flow control frames on both transmit and receive sides.
On the receive side, if the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB receives a pause control frame, the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB will not
transmit the next normal frame until the timer, specified in the pause control frame, expires. If another pause frame is
received before the current timer expires, the timer will be updated with the new value in the second pause frame. During
this period (being flow controlled), only flow control packets from the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB will be transmitted.
On the transmit side, the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB has intelligent and efficient ways to determine when to invoke flow
control. The flow control is based on the availability of system resources, including available buffers, available transmit
queues, and available receive queues.
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB flow controls a port that has just received a packet if the destination port resource is busy.
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB issues a flow control frame (XOFF), containing the maximum pause time defined in IEEE
802.3x. Once the resource is freed up, the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB sends out the other flow control frame (XON) with zero
pause time to turn off the flow control (turn on transmission to the port). A hysteresis feature is also provided to prevent
over-activation and deactivation of the flow control mechanism.
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB flow controls all ports if the receive queue becomes full.
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Figure 4. Destination Address Look-up Flow Chart – Stage 1
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Figure 5. Destination Address Resolution Flow Chart – Stage 2
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB will not forward the following packets:
•
Error packets. These include framing errors, frame check sequence (FCS) errors, alignment errors, and illegal size
packet errors.
•
IEEE 802.3x PAUSE frames. KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB intercepts these packets and performs full-duplex flow control
accordingly.
•
“Local” packets. Based on destination address (DA) look-up, if the destination port from the look-up table matches the
port from which the packet originated, the packet is defined as local.
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Half-Duplex Back Pressure
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB also provides a half-duplex back pressure option (note: this is not listed in IEEE 802.3
standards). The activation and deactivation conditions are the same as the ones given for full-duplex mode. If back
pressure is required, the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB sends preambles to defer the other station's transmission (carrier sense
deference). To avoid jabber and excessive deference as defined in IEEE 802.3 standard, after a certain period of time, the
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB discontinues carrier sense but raises it quickly after it drops packets to inhibit other transmissions.
This short silent time (no carrier sense) is to prevent other stations from sending out packets and keeps other stations in a
carrier sense deferred state. If the port has packets to send during a back pressure situation, the carrier-sense-type back
pressure is interrupted and those packets are transmitted instead. If there are no more packets to send, carrier-sensetype back pressure becomes active again until switch resources are free. If a collision occurs, the binary exponential
backoff algorithm is skipped and carrier sense is generated immediately, reducing the chance of further colliding and
maintaining carrier sense to prevent reception of packets. To ensure no packet loss in 10BASE-T or 100BASE-TX halfduplex modes, the user must enable the following:
•
Aggressive backoff (Register 3, bit 0)
•
No excessive collision drop (Register 4, bit 3)
•
Back pressure (Register 4, bit 5)
These bits are not set as the default because they are not the IEEE standard.
Broadcast Storm Protection
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB has an intelligent option to protect the switch system from receiving too many broadcast
packets. Broadcast packets are normally forwarded to all ports except the source port and thus use too many switch
resources (bandwidth and available space in transmit queues). The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB has the option to include
“multicast packets” for storm control. The broadcast storm rate parameters are programmed globally and can be enabled
or disabled on a per port basis. The rate is based on a 50ms (0.05s) interval for 100BT and a 500ms (0.5s) interval for
10BT. At the beginning of each interval, the counter is cleared to zero and the rate limit mechanism starts to count the
number of bytes during the interval. The rate definition is described in Global Registers 6 and 7. The default setting for
Global Registers 6 and 7 is 0x4A (74 decimal). This is equal to a rate of 1%, calculated as follows:
148,800 frames/sec × 50ms (0.05s)/interval × 1% = 74 frames/interval (approx.) = 0x4A.
MII Interface Operation
The media independent interface (MII) is specified by the IEEE 802.3 committee and provides a common interface
between physical layer and MAC layer devices. The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB provides two MAC layer interfaces for MAC 3
and MAC 4. Each of these MII/RMII interfaces contains two distinct groups of signals, one for transmission and the other
for receiving.
Switch MAC3/MAC4 SW3/SW4-MII Interface
Table 3 shows two connection manners. The first is an external MAC connects to SW3/SW4-MII PHY mode. The second
is an external PHY connects to SW3/SW4-MII MAC mode.
Please see the pins [47, 48] description for detail configuration for the MAC mode and PHY mode of the port 4 MAC4
SW4-MII, the default is SW4-MII with PHY mode. Please see the strap pin P2LED0 and the Register 223 bit 6 for the
MAC mode and PHY mode of the port 3 MAC3 SW3-MII, the default is SW3-MII with PHY mode also.
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Table 3. Switch MAC 3 SW3-MII and MAC 4 SW4-MII Signals
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB PHY Mode Connections
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB MAC Mode Connections
Description
External
MAC
KSZ8864CNX/RMNU
B SW3/4-MII
(5)
Signal
Type
MTXEN
SMxTXEN
Input
MTXD3
SMxTXD[3]
MTXD2
External
PHY
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
(5)
SW3/4-MII Signal
Type
Transmit enable
MTXEN
SMxRXDV
Output
Input
Transmit data bit 3
MTXD3
SMxRXD[3]
Output
SMxTXD[2]
Input
Transmit data bit 2
MTXD2
SMxRXD[2]
Output
MTXD1
SMxTXD[1]
Input
Transmit data bit 1
MTXD1
SMxRXD[1]
Output
MTXD0
SMxTXD[0]
Input
Transmit data bit 0
MTXD0
SMxRXD[0]
Output
MTXC
SMxTXC
Output
Transmit clock
MTXC
SMxRXC
Input
MCOL
SMxCOL
Output
Collision detection
MCOL
SMxCOL
Input
MCRS
SMxCRS
Output
Carrier sense
MCRS
SMxCRS
Input
MRXDV
SMxRXDV
Output
Receive data valid
MRXDV
SMxTXEN
Input
MRXD3
SMxRXD[3]
Output
Receive data bit 3
MRXD3
SMxTXD[3]
Input
MRXD2
SMxRXD[2]
Output
Receive data bit 2
MRXD2
SMxTXD[2]
Input
MRXD1
SMxRXD[1]
Output
Receive data bit 1
MRXD1
SMxTXD[1]
Input
MRXD0
SMxRXD[0]
Output
Receive data bit 0
MRXD0
SMxTXD[0]
Input
MRXC
SMxRXC
Output
Receive clock
MRXC
SMxTXC
Input
Note:
5. “x” represents “3” or “4” for SW3 or SW4 in the table.
The switch MII interface operates in either MAC mode or PHY mode for KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB. These interfaces are
nibble-wide data interfaces and therefore run at one-quarter the network bit rate (not encoded). Additional signals on the
transmit side indicate when data is valid or when an error occurs during transmission. Likewise, the receive side has
indicators that convey when the data is valid and without physical layer errors. For half-duplex operation, there is a signal
that indicates a collision has occurred during transmission.
Note that the signal MRXER is not provided on the SWx-MII interface and the signal MTXER is not provided on the SWxMII interface for both PHY and MAC mode operation. Normally MRXER would indicate a receive error coming from the
physical layer device. MTXER would indicate a transmit error from the MAC device. These signals are not appropriate for
this configuration. For PHY mode operation, if the device interfacing with the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB has an MRXER pin,
it should be tied low. For MAC mode operation, if the device interfacing with the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB has an MTXER
pin, it should be tied low.
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Switch MAC3/MAC4 SW3/SW4-RMII Interface
The Reduced Media Independent Interface (RMII) specifies a low pin count Media Independent Interface (MII). The
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB supports RMII interface at Port 3 and port 4 switch sides and provides a common interface at
MAC3 and MAC4 layer in the device, and has the following key characteristics:
•
Supports 10Mbps and 100Mbps data rates.
•
Uses a single 50 MHz clock reference (provided internally or externally): in internal mode, the chip provides reference
clock from SMxRXC pin to SMxTXC/SMxREFCLK pin and the reference clock-in pin of the opposite RMII; in external
mode, the chip receives 50MHz reference clock from an external oscillator or opposite RMII interface to
SW4TXC/SM4REFCLK pin only.
•
Provides independent 2-bit wide (bi-bit) transmit and receive data paths.
Table 4 shows two types of RMII connections of MAC to MAC and MAC to PHY.
•
The first is an external MAC connects to SW3/4-RMII with ‘PHY mode’.
•
The second is an external PHY connects to SW3/4-RMII with ‘MAC mode’.
When the strap pin P1LED0 is pulled down, the switch MAC4 is SW4-RMII mode after power up reset or warm reset.
When the strap pin P2LED0 is pulled down, the switch MAC3 is SW3-RMII mode after power up reset or warm reset.
Table 4. MAC3 SW3-RMII and MAC4 SW4-RMII Connection
SW3/4-RMII MAC to PHY Connection
(“MAC” Mode)
SW3/4-RMII MAC to MAC Connection
(“PHY” Mode)
Description
KSZ8864CNX/
RMNUB
(6)
Signal
KSZ8864CNX/RMN
UB SW
Signal Type
KSZ8864CNX/R
MNUB
(6)
Signal
KSZ8864CNX/RMN
UB SW
Signal Type
REF_CLK
SMxRXC
Output
(Clock mode
with 50MHz)
−
SMxTXC
/SMxREFCLK
Input
(Clock comes from
SMxRXC in clock
mode or external
50MHz clock)
Reference
Clock
CRS_DV
SMxRXDV
/SMxCRSDV
Output
Carrier
Sense/Receive
Data Valid
CRS_DV
SMxTXEN
Input
RXD1
SMxRXD[1]
Output
Receive
Data Bit 1
RXD1
SMxTXD[1]
Input
RXD0
SMxRXD[0]
Output
Receive
Data Bit 0
RXD0
SMxTXD[0]
Input
TX_EN
SMxTXEN
Input
Transmit Data
Enable
TX_EN
SMxRXDV
/SMxCRSDV
Output
TXD1
SMxTXD[1]
Input
Transmit
Data Bit 1
TXD1
SMxRXD[1]
Output
TXD0
SMxTXD[0]
Input
Transmit
Data Bit 0
TXD0
SMxRXD[0]
Output
(not used)
(not used)
Receive
Error
(not used)
(not used)
Reference
Clock
REF_CLK
SMxRXC
External
MAC
−
SMxTXC
/SMxREFCLK
Input
(Clock comes from
SMxRXC in clock
mode or external
50MHz clock)
External
PHY
Output
(Clock mode
with 50MHz )
Note:
6. “x” represents “3” or “4” for SW3 or SW4 in the table.
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KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB provides two RMII interfaces for MAC3 and MAC4:
• Switch MAC4 SW4-RMII interface can be used to provide 50MHz clock to opposite RMII from SM4RXC pin with loop
back to SM4TXC pin. The SW4-RMII interface can be used to accept 50MHz from external 50MHz clock to SM4TXC
when KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB is configured to normal mode by the strap pin P1LED1 pull-down. In the normal mode,
the clock source of the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB comes from the SM4TXC.
•
Switch MAC3 SW3-RMII interface can be used to provide 50MHz clock to opposite RMII from SM3RXC pin with loop
back to SM3TXC pin. The SW3-RMII interface cannot be used to accept 50MHz from external to SM3TXC with the
normal mode configuration.
The default of the device is clock mode because the P1LED1 is pulled up internally, the clock mode means the clock
source comes from 25MHz crystal/oscillator on pins X1/X2, and the 50MHz clock will be output from the SMxRXC pin in
RMII interface to be used, the 50MHz can be disabled by the Register 87 bit 3 for SM4RXC if the RMII reference clock is
not used. For the detail RMII connection samples, please refer to the application note in the design kit.
Advanced Functionality
QoS Priority Support
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB provides quality of service (QoS) for applications such as VoIP and video conferencing. The
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB offer 1/2/4 priority queues option per port by setting the port Registers xxx control 9 bit1 and the
Registers Port Control 0 bit0, the 1/2/4 queues split as follows:
[Registers Port Control 9 bit1, control 0 bit0]=00 single output queue as default.
[Registers Port Control 9 bit1, control 0 bit0]=01 egress port can be split into two priority transmit queues.
[Registers Port Control 9 bit1, control 0 bit0]=10 egress port can be split into four priority transmit queues.
The four priority transmit queues is a new feature in the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB. The queue 3 is the highest priority queue
and Queue 0 is the lowest priority queue. The port Registers xxx control 9 bit1 and the port Registers xxx control 0 bit0
are used to enable split transmit queues for ports 1and 2, respectively. If a port's transmit queue is not split, high priority
and low priority packets have equal priority in the transmit queue.
There is an additional option to either always deliver high priority packets first or use programmable weighted fair queuing
for the four priority queues scale by the Registers Port Control 10, 11, 12 and 13 (default value are 8, 4, 2, 1 by their bit
[6:0].
Register 130 bit [7:6] Prio_2Q[1:0] is used when the 2 Queue configuration is selected, these bits are used to map the 2bit result of IEEE 802.1p from the Registers 128, 129 or TOS/DiffServ mapping from Registers 144-159 (for four Queues)
into two queues mode with priority high or low.
Please see the descriptions of the Register 130 bits [7:6] for details.
Port-Based Priority
With port-based priority, each ingress port is individually classified as a priority 0-3 receiving port. All packets received at
the priority 3 receiving port are marked as high priority and are sent to the high-priority transmit queue if the corresponding
transmit queue is split. The Registers Port Control 0 Bits [4:3] is used to enable port-based priority for ports 1 and 2,
respectively.
802.1p-Based Priority
For 802.1p-based priority, the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB examines the ingress (incoming) packets to determine whether they
are tagged. If tagged, the 3-bit priority field in the VLAN tag is retrieved and compared against the “priority mapping”
value, as specified by the Registers 128 and 129, both Register 128/129 can map 3-bit priority field of 0-7 value to 2-bit
result of 0-3 priority levels. The “priority mapping” value is programmable.
Figure 6 illustrates how the 802.1p priority field is embedded in the 802.1Q VLAN tag.
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Figure 6. 802.1p Priority Field Format
802.1p-based priority is enabled by bit [5] of the Registers Port Control 0 for Ports 1 and 2, respectively.
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB provides the option to insert or remove the priority tagged frame's header at each individual
egress port. This header, consisting of the 2 bytes VLAN Protocol ID (VPID) and the 2-byte Tag Control Information field
(TCI), is also referred to as the IEEE 802.1Q VLAN tag.
Tag Insertion is enabled by bit [2] of the Register Port Control 0 and the Register Port Control 8 to select which source
port (ingress port) PVID can be inserted on the egress port for Ports 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively. At the egress port,
untagged packets are tagged with the ingress port’s default tag. The default tags are programmed in the Registers Port
Control 3 and Control 4 for ports 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively. The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB will not add tags to already
tagged packets.
Tag Removal is enabled by bit [1] of the Registers Port Control 0 for Ports 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively. At the egress port,
tagged packets will have their 802.1Q VLAN Tags removed. The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB will not modify untagged
packets.
The CRC is recalculated for both tag insertion and tag removal.
802.1p Priority Field Re-Mapping is a QoS feature that allows the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB to set the “User Priority
Ceiling” at any ingress port by the Register Port Control 2 bit 7. If the ingress packet’s priority field has a higher priority
value than the default tag’s priority field of the ingress port, the packet’s priority field is replaced with the default tag’s
priority field.
DiffServ-Based Priority
DiffServ-based priority uses the ToS Registers (Registers 144 to 159) in the Advanced Control Registers section. The
ToS priority control registers implement a fully decoded, 128-bit Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) register to
determine packet priority from the 6-bit ToS field in the IP header. When the most significant 6 bits of the ToS field are
fully decoded, the resultant of the 64 possibilities of DSCP decoded is compared with the corresponding bits in the DSCP
register to determine priority.
Spanning Tree Support
Port 4 is the designated port for spanning tree support.
The other ports (Port 1 – Port 3) can be configured in one of the five spanning tree states via “transmit enable,” “receive
enable,” and “learning disable” register settings in Registers 34, 50 for Ports 1, 2 and 3, respectively. The following
description shows the port setting and software actions taken for each of the five spanning tree states.
Disable state: the port should not forward or receive any packets. Learning is disabled.
Port setting: "transmit enable = 0, receive enable = 0, learning disable = 1."
Software action: the processor should not send any packets to the port. The switch may still send specific packets to the
processor (packets that match some entries in the static table with “overriding bit” set) and the processor should discard
those packets. Note: processor is connected to Port 4 through MAC4 SW4-MII/RMII interface. Address learning is
disabled on the port in this state.
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Blocking state: only packets to the processor are forwarded. Learning is disabled.
Port setting: "transmit enable = 0, receive enable = 0, learning disable = 1"
Software action: the processor should not send any packets to the port(s) in this state. The processor should program the
“Static MAC table” with the entries that it needs to receive (e.g., BPDU packets). The “overriding” bit should also be set so
that the switch will forward those specific packets to the processor. Address learning is disabled on the port in this state.
Listening state: only packets to and from the processor are forwarded. Learning is disabled.
Port setting: "transmit enable = 0, receive enable = 0, learning disable = 1.
"Software action: The processor should program the static MAC table with the entries that it needs to receive (e.g., BPDU
packets). The “overriding” bit should be set so that the switch will forward those specific packets to the processor. The
processor may send packets to the port(s) in this state, see the “Tail Tagging Mode” section for details. Address learning
is disabled on the port in this state.
Learning state: only packets to and from the processor are forwarded. Learning is enabled.
Port setting: “transmit enable = 0, receive enable = 0, learning disable = 0.”
Software action: The processor should program the static MAC table with the entries that it needs to receive (e.g., BPDU
packets). The “overriding” bit should be set so that the switch will forward those specific packets to the processor. The
processor may send packets to the port(s) in this state, see the “Tail Tagging Mode” section for details. Address learning
is enabled on the port in this state.
Forwarding state: packets are forwarded and received normally. Learning is enabled.
Port setting: “transmit enable = 1, receive enable = 1, learning disable = 0.”
Software action: The processor should program the static MAC table with the entries that it needs to receive (e.g., BPDU
packets). The “overriding” bit should be set so that the switch will forward those specific packets to the processor. The
processor may send packets to the port(s) in this state, see “Tail Tagging Mode” section for details. Address learning is
enabled on the port in this state.
Rapid Spanning Tree Support
There are three operational states of the Discarding, Learning, and Forwarding assigned to each port for RSTP:
Discarding ports Do not participate in the active topology and Do not learn MAC addresses.
Discarding state: the state includes three states of the disable, blocking, and listening of STP.
Port setting: "transmit enable = 0, receive enable = 0, learning disable = 1."
Software action: the processor should not send any packets to the port. The switch may still send specific packets to the
processor (packets that match some entries in the static table with “overriding bit” set) and the processor should discard
those packets. When disable the port’s learning capability (learning disable=’1’), set the Register 1 bit5 and bit4 will flush
rapidly with the port related entries in the dynamic MAC table and static MAC table.
Note: processor is connected to Port 4 MAC 4 SW4-MII/RMII interface. Address learning is disabled on the port in this
state.
Ports in Learning states learn MAC addresses, but Do not forward user traffic.
Learning state: only packets to and from the processor are forwarded. Learning is enabled.
Port setting: “transmit enable = 0, receive enable = 0, learning disable = 0.”
Software action: The processor should program the static MAC table with the entries that it needs to receive (e.g., BPDU
packets). The “overriding” bit should be set so that the switch will forward those specific packets to the processor. The
processor may send packets to the port(s) in this state, see “Tail Tagging Mode” section for details. Address learning is
enabled on the port in this state.
Ports in Forwarding states fully participate in both data forwarding and MAC learning.
Forwarding state: packets are forwarded and received normally. Learning is enabled.
Port setting: “transmit enable = 1, receive enable = 1, learning disable = 0.”
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Software action: The processor should program the static MAC table with the entries that it needs to receive (e.g., BPDU
packets). The “overriding” bit should be set so that the switch will forward those specific packets to the processor. The
processor may send packets to the port(s) in this state, see “Tail Tagging Mode” section for details. Address learning is
enabled on the port in this state.
RSTP uses only one type of BPDU called RSTP BPDUs. They are similar to STP Configuration BPDUs with the exception
of a type field set to “version 2” for RSTP and “version 0” for STP, and a flag field carrying additional information.
Tail Tagging Mode
The Tail Tag is only seen and used by the Port 4 interface, which should be connected to a processor by MAC 4 SW4MII/RMII interface. The one byte tail tagging is used to indicate the source/destination port in Port 4. Only bit [3–1] are
used for the destination in the tail tagging byte. Bit 0 is not used. The Tail Tag feature is enabled by setting Register 12 bit
1.
Figure 7. Tail Tag Frame Format
Table 5. Tail Tag Rules
Ingress to Port 4 (Host
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB)
Bit [3:1]
Destination
0,0,0
Reserved
0,0,1
Port 1 (direct forward to port1)
0,1,0
Port 2 (direct forward to port2)
1,0,0
Port 3 (direct forward to port3)
1,1,1
Port 1,2 and 3 (direct forward to port 1,2,3)
Bit [7:4]
0,0,0,0
Queue 0 is used at destination port
0,0,0,1
Queue 1 is used at destination port
0,0,1,0
Queue 2 is used at destination port
0,0,1,1
Queue 3 is used at destination port
x, 1,x,x
Whatever send packets to specified port in bit [3:1]
1, x,x,x
Bit [6:0] will be ignored as normal (Address Look
up for destination)
Egress from Port 4 (KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
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Bit [1:0]
Source
0,0
Reserved
0,1
Port 1 (packets from port 1)
1,0
Port 2 (packets from port 2)
1,1
Port 3 (packets from port 3)
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IGMP Support
There are two parts involved to support the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) in Layer 2. The first part is IGMP
snooping, the second part is this IGMP packet to be sent back to the subscribed port. Describe them as follows.
IGMP Snooping
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB traps IGMP packets and forwards them only to the processor (Port 4 SW4-MII/RMII). The
IGMP packets are identified as IP packets (either Ethernet IP packets, or IEEE 802.3 SNAP IP packets) with IP version =
0x4 and protocol version number = 0x2. Set Register 5 bit [6] to ‘1’ to enable IGMP snooping.
IGMP Send Back to the Subscribed Port
Once the host responds the received IGMP packet, the host should know the original IGMP ingress port and send back
the IGMP packet to this port only, otherwise this IGMP packet will be broadcasted to all port to downgrade the
performance.
Enable the tail tag mode, the host will know the IGMP packet received port from tail tag bits [1:0] and can send back the
response IGMP packet to this subscribed port by setting the bits [3:1] in the tail tag. Enable “Tail tag mode” by setting
Register 12 bit 1.
Port Mirroring Support
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB supports “port mirror” comprehensively as:
•
“Receive Only” Mirror on a Port
−
•
“Transmit Only” Mirror on a Port
−
•
All the packets received on the port will be mirrored on the sniffer port. For example, Port 1 is programmed to be
“rx sniff,” and Port 2 is programmed to be the “sniffer port.” A packet, received on Port 1, is destined to Port 3 after
the internal look-up. The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB will forward the packet to both Port 2 and Port 3.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB can optionally forward even “bad” received packets to Port 3.
All the packets transmitted on the port will be mirrored on the sniffer port. For example, Port 1 is programmed to
be “tx sniff,” and Port 2 is programmed to be the “sniffer port.” A packet, received on any of the ports, is destined
to port 1 after the internal look-up. The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB will forward the packet to both Ports 1 and 2.
“Receive and Transmit” Mirror on a Port
−
All the packets received on port A AND transmitted on port B will be mirrored on the sniffer port. To turn on the
“AND” feature, set Register 5 bit 0 to 1. For example, Port 1 is programmed to be “rx sniff and tx sniff,” and Port 2
is programmed to be the “sniffer port.” When received and transmit packets on port 1. The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
will monitor port 1 packets on Port 2.
Multiple ports can be selected to be “rx sniffed” or “tx sniffed.” And any port can be selected to be the “sniffer port.” All
these per port features can be selected through Register 17.
VLAN Support
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB supports 128 active VLANs and 4096 possible VIDs specified in IEEE 802.1q. The
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB provides a 128-entry VLAN table, which correspond to 4096 possible VIDs and converts to FID (7
bits) for address look-up maximum of 128 active VLANs. If a non-tagged or null-VID-tagged packet is received, the
ingress port VID is used for look-up when 802.1q is enabled by the global Register 5 control 3 bit 7. In the VLAN mode,
the look-up process starts from VLAN table look-up to determine whether the VID is valid. If the VID is not valid, the
packet will be dropped and its address will not be learned. If the VID is valid, then FID is retrieved for further look-up by
the static MAC table or dynamic MAC table. FID+DA is used to determine the destination port. The followed table
describes the difference actions at different situations of DA and FID+DA in the static MAC table and dynamic MAC table
after the VLAN table finishes a look-up action. FID+SA is used for learning purposes. Table 6 also describes how to
learning in the dynamic MAC table when VLAN table has done a look-up and the static MAC table without a valid entry.
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Table 6. FID+DA Look Up in the VLAN Mode
DA Found in
Static MAC Table
USE FID
Flag?
FID Match?
DA+FID Found in
Dynamic MAC
Table
No
Do not Care
Do not Care
No
Broadcast to the membership ports defined in the
VLAN table bit [11:7].
No
Do not Care
Do not Care
Yes
Send to the destination port defined in the dynamic
MAC table bit [58:56].
Yes
0
Do not Care
Do not Care
Send to the destination port(s) defined in the static
MAC table bit [52:48].
Yes
1
No
No
Broadcast to the membership ports defined in the
VLAN table bit [11:7].
Yes
1
No
Yes
Send to the destination port defined in the dynamic
MAC table bit [58:56].
Yes
1
Yes
Do not Care
Send to the destination port(s) defined in the static
MAC table bit [52:48].
Action
Table 7. FID+SA Look Up in the VLAN Mode
SA+FID Found in Dynamic MAC Table
Action
No
The SA+FID will be learned into the dynamic table.
Yes
Time stamp will be updated.
Advanced VLAN features are also supported in KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB, such as “VLAN ingress filtering” and “discard non
PVID” defined in bits [6:5] of the Register Port Control 2. These features can be controlled on a port basis.
Rate Limiting Support
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB provides a fine resolution hardware rate limiting. The rate step is 64Kbps when the rate limit is
less than 1Mbps rate for 100BT or 10BT. The rate step is 1Mbps when the rate limit is more than 1Mbps rate for 100BT or
10BT (refer to Data Rate Selection Table which follow the end of the Port Register Queue 0–3 Ingress/Egress Limit
Control section). The rate limit is independently on the “receive side” and on the “transmit side” on a per port basis. For
10BASE-T, a rate setting above 10Mbps means the rate is not limited. On the receive side, the data receive rate for each
priority at each port can be limited by setting up Ingress Rate Control Registers. On the transmit side, the data transmit
rate for each priority queue at each port can be limited by setting up Egress Rate Control Registers. The size of each
frame has options to include minimum IFG (Inter Frame Gap) or Preamble byte, in addition to the data field (from packet
DA to FCS).
Ingress Rate Limit
For ingress rate limiting, KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB provides options to selectively choose frames from all types, multicast,
broadcast, and flooded unicast frames by bits [3–2] of the port rate limit control register. The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
counts the data rate from those selected type of frames. Packets are dropped at the ingress port when the data rate
exceeds the specified rate limit or when the flow control takes effect without packet dropped. This occurs when the
ingress rate limit flow control is enabled by the port rate limit control register bit 4. The ingress rate limiting supports the
port-based, 802.1p and DiffServ-based priorities, the port-based priority is fixed priority 0–3 selection by bits [4–3] of the
Register Port Control 0. The 802.1p and DiffServ-based priority can be mapped to priority 0–3 by default of the Register
128 and 129. In the ingress rate limit, set Register 135 Global Control 19 bit3 in order for the queue-based rate limit to be
enabled if use two queues or four queues mode, all related ingress ports and egress port should be split into two or four
queues mode by the Registers Port Control 9 and Control 0. The four queues mode will use Q0–Q3 for priority 0–3 by bit
[6-0] of the port Register ingress limit control 1–4. The two queues mode will use Q0–Q1 for priority 0–1 by bit [6–0] of the
port Register ingress limit control 1–2.
The priority levels in the packets of the 802.1p and DiffServ can be programmed to priority 0-3 by the Register 128 and
129 for a re-mapping.
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Egress Rate Limit
For egress rate limiting, the Leaky Bucket algorithm is applied to each output priority queue for shaping output traffic. Inter
frame gap is stretched on a per frame base to generate smooth, non-burst egress traffic. The throughput of each output
priority queue is limited by the egress rate specified by the data rate selection table followed the egress rate limit control
registers.
If any egress queue receives more traffic than the specified egress rate throughput, packets may be accumulated in the
output queue and packet memory. After the memory of the queue or the port is used up, packet dropping or flow control
will be triggered. As a result of congestion, the actual egress rate may be dominated by flow control/dropping at the
ingress end, and may be therefore slightly less than the specified egress rate. The egress rate limiting supports the portbased, 802.1p and DiffServ-based priorities, the port-based priority is fixed priority 0–3 selection by bits [4–3] of the
Register Port Control 0. The 802.1p and DiffServ-based priority can be mapped to priority 0–3 by default of the Register
128 and 129. In the egress rate limit, set Register 135 global control 19 bit3 for queue-based rate limit to be enabled if
using two queues or four queues mode. All related ingress ports and egress port should be split into two or four queues
mode by the Registers Port Control 9 and Control 0. The four queues mode will use Q0-Q3 for priority 0-3 by bit [6-0] of
the port Register egress limit control 1–4. The two queues mode will use Q0–Q1 for priority 0–1 by bit [6–0] of the port
Register egress limit control 1–2. The priority levels in the packets of the 802.1p and DiffServ can be programmed to
priority 0–3 by the Register 128 and 129 for a re-mapping.
With egress rate limit just use one queue per port for the egress port rate limit, the priority packets will be based on the
data rate selection table with the rate limit exact number. If egress rate limit use more than one queue per port for the
egress port rate limit, the highest priority packets will be based on the data rate selection table for the rate limit exact
number and other lower priority packet rate will be limited based on 8:4:2:1 (default) priority ratio based on the highest
priority rate. The transmit queue priority ratio is programmable.
To reduce congestion, it is a good practice to make sure the egress bandwidth exceeds the ingress bandwidth.
Transmit Queue Ratio Programming
In transmit queues 0-3 of the egress port, the default priority ratio is 8:4:2:1, the priority ratio can be programmed by the
Registers Port Control 10, 11, 12, and 13. When the transmit rate exceed the ratio limit in the transmit queue, the transmit
rate will be limited by the transmit queue 0-3 ratio of the Register Port Control 10, 11, 12, and 13. The highest priority
queue will be no limited, other lower priority queues will be limited based on the transmit queue ratio.
Filtering for Self-Address, Unknown Unicast/Multicast Address and Unknown VID Packet/IP Multicast
Enable Self-address filtering, the unknown unicast packet filtering and forwarding by the Register 131 Global Control 15.
Enable Unknown multicast packet filtering and forwarding by the Register 132 Global Control 16.
Enable Unknown VID packet filtering and forwarding by the Register 133 Global Control 17.
Enable Unknown IP multicast packet filtering and forwarding by the Register 134 Global Control 18.
This function is very useful in preventing those kinds of packets that could degrade the quality of the port in applications
such as voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) and the daisy chain connection to prevent packets into endless loop.
Configuration Interface
2
I C Master Serial Bus Configuration
If a 2-wire EEPROM exists, the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB can perform more advanced features like broadcast storm
protection and rate control. The EEPROM should have the entire valid configuration data from Register 0 to Register 255
defined in the “Memory Map,” except the status registers and indirect registers. After reset, the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB will
start to read all control registers sequentially from the EEPROM. The configuration access time (tprgm) is less than 30ms,
as shown in Figure 8.
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Figure 8. KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB EEPROM Configuration Timing Diagram
To configure the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB with a pre-configured EEPROM use the following steps:
1. At the board level, connect pin 56 on the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB to the SCL pin on the EEPROM. Connect pin 57 on
the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB to the SDA pin on the EEPROM.
2. A [2-0] address pins of EEPROM should be tied to ground for A [2-0] = ‘000’ to be identified by the
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB.
3. Set the input signals PS[1:0] (pins 59 and 60, respectively) to “00.” This puts the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB serial bus
configuration into I2C master mode.
4. Be sure the board-level reset signal is connected to the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB reset signal on pin 61 (RST_N).
5. Program the contents of the EEPROM before placing it on the board with the desired configuration data. Note that the
first byte in the EEPROM must be “95” and the Register1 chip ID bit [7-4] = 0 for the loading to occur properly. If this
value is not correct, all other data will be ignored.
6. Place EEPROM on the board and power up the board. Assert the active-low board level reset to RST_N on the
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB. After the reset is de-asserted, the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB will begin reading configuration
data from the EEPROM. The configuration access time (tprgm) is less than 30ms.
SPI Slave Serial Bus Configuration
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB can also act as an SPI slave device. Through the SPI, the entire feature set can be enabled,
including “VLAN,” “IGMP snooping,” “MIB counters,” etc. The external master device can access any register from
Register 0 to Register 255 randomly. The system should configure all the desired settings before enabling the switch in
the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB. To enable the switch, write a "1" to Register 1 bit 0.
Two standard SPI commands are supported (00000011 for “READ DATA,” and 00000010 for “WRITE DATA”). To speed
configuration time, the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB also supports multiple reads or writes. After a byte is written to or read from
the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB, the internal address counter automatically increments if the SPI Slave Select Signal (SPIS_N)
continues to be driven low. If SPIS_N is kept low after the first byte is read, the next byte at the next address will be
shifted out on SPIQ. If SPIS_N is kept low after the first byte is written, bits on the Master Out Slave Input (SPID) line will
be written to the next address. Asserting SPIS_N high terminates a read or write operation. This means that the SPIS_N
signal must be asserted high and then low again before issuing another command and address. The address counter
wraps back to zero once it reaches the highest address. Therefore the entire register set can be written to or read from by
issuing a single command and address.
The default SPI clock speed is 12.5MHz. The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB is able to support a SPI bus up to 25MHz (set
Register 12 bit [5:4] =0x10). A high performance SPI master is recommended to prevent internal counter overflow.
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To use the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB SPI:
1. At the board level, connect KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB pins as follows:
Table 8. SPI Connections
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Pin Number
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Signal Name
58
SPIS_N
56
SCL
57
SPID/SDA
Master Out Slave Input
55
SPIQ
Master In Slave Output
Microprocessor Signal Description
SPI Slave Select
SPI Clock
2. Set the input signals PS[1:0] (pins 59 and 60, respectively) to “10” to set the serial configuration to SPI slave mode.
3. Power up the board and assert a reset signal. After reset wait 100µs, the start switch bit in Register 1 will be set to ‘0’.
Configure the desired settings in the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB before setting the start switch to ‘1.'
4. Write configuration to registers using a typical SPI write data cycle as shown in Figure 9 or SPI multiple write as
shown in Figure 11. Note that data input on SPID is registered on the rising edge of SPIC.
5. Registers can be read and configuration can be verified with a typical SPI read data cycle as shown in Figure 10 or a
multiple read as shown in Figure 12. Note that read data is registered out of SPIQ on the falling edge of SPIC.
6. After configuration is written and verified, write a ‘1’ to Register 1 bit 0 to begin KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB switch
operation.
Figure 9. SPI Write Data Cycle
Figure 10. SPI Read Data Cycle
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Figure 11. SPI Multiple Write
Figure 12. SPI Multiple Read
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MII Management Interface (MIIM)
The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB supports the standard IEEE 802.3 MII Management Interface, also known as the
Management Data Input/output (MDIO) Interface. This interface allows upper-layer devices to monitor and control the
states of the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB. An external device with MDC/MDIO capability is used to read the PHY status or
configure the PHY settings. Further detail on the MIIM interface is found in Clause 22.2.4.5 of the IEEE 802.3u
specification.
The MIIM interface consists of the following:
•
A physical connection that incorporates the data line (pin 54 MDIO) and the clock line (pin 53 MDC).
•
A specific protocol that operates across the aforementioned physical connection that allows an external controller to
communicate with the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB device.
•
Access to a set of eight 16-bit registers, consisting of 8 standard MIIM Registers [0:5h], 1d and 1f MIIM registers per
port.
The MIIM Interface can operate up to a maximum clock speed of 10MHz MDC clock.
Table 9 depicts the MII Management Interface frame format.
Table 9. MII Management Interface Frame Format
Preamble
Start of Frame
Read/Write
OP Code
PHY
Address
Bits [4:0]
REG
Address
Bits [4:0]
TA
Data Bits [15:0]
Idle
Read
32 1’s
01
10
AAAAA
RRRRR
Z0
DDDDDDDD_DDDDDDDD
Z
Write
32 1’s
01
01
AAAAA
RRRRR
10
DDDDDDDD_DDDDDDDD
Z
The MIIM interface does not have access to all the configuration registers in the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB. It can only
access the standard MIIM registers. See “MIIM Registers”. The SPI interface and MDC/MDIO SMI mode, on the other
hand, can be used to access the entire KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB feature set.
Serial Management Interface (SMI)
The SMI is the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB non-standard MIIM interface that provides access to all KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
configuration registers. This interface allows an external device with MDC/MDIO interface to completely monitor and
control the states of the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB.
The SMI interface consists of the following:
•
A physical connection that incorporates the data line (MDIO) and the clock line (MDC).
•
A specific protocol that operates across the aforementioned physical connection that allows an external controller to
communicate with the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB device.
•
Access all KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB configuration registers. Register access includes the Global, Port and Advanced
Control Registers 0-255 (0x00 – 0xFF), and indirect access to the standard MIIM Registers [0:5] and custom MIIM
Registers [29, 31].
The SMI Interface can operate up to a maximum clock speed of 10MHz MDC clock.
Table 10 depicts the SMI frame format.
Table 10. Serial Management Interface (SMI) Frame Format
Preamble
Start of Frame
Read/Write
OP Code
PHY
Address
Bits [4:0]
REG
Address
Bits [4:0]
TA
Data
Bits [15:0]
Idle
Read
32 1’s
01
10
RR11R
RRRRR
Z0
0000_0000_DDDD_DDDD
Z
Write
32 1’s
01
01
RR11R
RRRRR
10
xxxx_xxxx_DDDD_DDDD
Z
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SMI register read access is selected when OP code is set to “10” and bits [2:1] of the PHY address is set to ‘11’. The 8bit register address is the concatenation of {PHY address bits [4:3], PHY address bits [0], REG address bit [4:0]}. TA is
turn-around bits. TA bits [1:0] are ’Z0’ means the processor MDIO pin is changed to input Hi-Z from output mode and the
followed ‘0’ is the read response from device, as the switch configuration registers are 8-bit wide, only the lower 8 bits of
data bits [15:0] are used
SMI register Write access is selected when OP Code is set to “01” and bits [2:1] of the PHY address is set to ‘11’. The
8-bit register address is the concatenation of {PHY address bits [4:3], PHY address bits [0], REG address bit [4:0]}. TA
bits [1:0] are set to ’10’, as the switch configuration registers are 8-bit wide, only the lower 8 bits of data bits [15:0] are
used.
To access the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB Registers 0-255 (0x00 – 0xFF), the following applies:
•
PHYAD [4, 3, 0] and REGAD [4:0] are concatenated to form the 8-bit address; that is, {PHYAD [4, 3, 0], REGAD [4:0]}
= bits [7:0] of the 8-bit address.
•
Registers are eight data bits wide. For read operation, data bits [15:8] are read back as 0’s. For write operation, data
bits [15:8] are not defined, and hence can be set to either 0s or 1s.
SMI register access is the same as the MIIM register access, except for the register access requirements presented in
this section.
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Register Descriptions
Offset
Description
Decimal
Hex
0–1
0x00-0x01
Chip ID Registers
2 – 13
0x02-0x0D
Global Control Registers
14 – 15
0x0E-0x0F
Power Down Management Control Registers
16 – 20
0x10-0x14
Reserved
21 – 23
0x15-0x17
Reserved (Factory Test Registers)
24 − 31
0x18-0x1F
Reserved
32 − 36
0x20-0x24
Port 1 Control Registers
37 − 39
0x25-0x27
Port 1 Reserved (Factory Test Registers)
40 − 47
0x28-0x2F
Port 1 Control/Status Registers
48 − 52
0x30-0x34
Port 2 Control Registers
53 − 55
0x35-0x37
Port 2 Reserved (Factory Test Registers)
56 − 63
0x38-0x3F
Port 2 Control/Status Registers
64 − 68
0x40-0x44
Reserved
69 − 71
0x45-0x47
Reserved (Factory Test Registers)
72 − 79
0x48-0x4F
Reserved
80 − 84
0x50-0x54
Reserved
85 − 87
0x55-0x57
Reserved (Factory Test Registers)
88 − 95
0x58-0x5F
Reserved
96 − 103
0x60-0x67
Reserved (Factory Testing Registers)
104 − 109
0x68-0x6D
MAC Address Registers
110 − 111
0x6E-0x6F
Indirect Access Control Registers
112 − 120
0x70-0x78
Indirect Data Registers
121 − 123
0x79-0x7B
Reserved (Factory Testing Registers)
124 − 125
0x7C-0x7D
Port Interrupt Registers
126 − 127
0x7E-0x7F
Reserved (Factory Testing Registers)
128 − 135
0x80-0x87
Global Control Registers
136
0x88
137 − 143
0x89-0x8F
QM Global Control Registers
144 − 145
0x90-0x91
TOS Priority Control Registers
146 − 159
0x92-0x9F
TOS Priority Control Registers
160 − 175
0xA0-0xAF
Reserved (Factory Testing Registers)
176 − 190
0xB0-0xBE
Reserved
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Register Descriptions (Continued)
Offset
Decimal
Hex
191
0xBF
192 − 206
0xC0-0xCE
207
0xCF
208 − 222
0xD0-0xDE
223
0xDF
224 − 238
0xE0-0xEE
239
0xEF
240 − 254
0xF0-0xFE
255
0xFF
Description
Reserved (Factory Testing Register)
Port 1 Control Registers
Testing and port 3 Control Register 1
Port 2 Control Registers
Testing and port 3 Control Register 2
Port 3 Control Registers
Reserved (Factory Testing Register)
Port 4 Control Registers
Testing and port 4 Control Register
Global Registers
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Chip family.
RO
0x95
Register 0 (0x00): Chip ID0
7−0
family ID
Register 1 (0x01): Revision ID / Start Switch
7−4
Reserved
Reserved (Chip ID to see Register 254 bit7)
Note: Port4 RMII mode will be 0110.
RO
0100
3−1
Revision ID
Revision ID
RO
0x0
Start Switch
1, start the chip when external pins (PS1, PS0) = (1,0)
Note: in (PS1,PS0) = (0,0) mode, the chip will
start automatically, after trying to read the external
EEPROM. If EEPROM does not exist, the chip will use
default values for all internal registers. If EEPROM is
present, the contents in the EEPROM will be checked.
The switch will check:
(1) Register 0 = 0x95.
(2) Register 1 [7:4] = 0x0 for EEPROM only.
If this check is OK, the contents in the EEPROM will
override chip register default values, chip will not start
when external pins
(PS1, PS0) = (1, 0) or (0, 1).
Note: (PS1, PS0) = (1, 1) for Factory test only.
0, stop the switch function of the chip
0
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Global Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Register 2 (0x02): Global Control 0
7
New Back-off Enable
New Back-off algorithm designed for UNH
1 = Enable
0 = Disable
R/W
0
6
Reserved
Reserved.
RO
0
Flush dynamic MAC table
Flush the entire dynamic MAC table for RSTP
1 = Trigger the flush dynamic MAC table operation. This bit
is self-clear
0 = normal operation
Note: All the entries associated with a port that has its
learning capability being turned off (Learning Disable) will
be flushed. If you want to flush the entire Table, all ports
learning capability must be turned off.
R/W
(SC)
0
4
Flush static MAC table
Flush the matched entries in static MAC table for RSTP
1 = Trigger the flush static MAC table operation. This bit is
self-clear
0 = normal operation
Note: The matched entry is defined as the entry whose
Forwarding Ports field contains a single port and MAC
address with unicast. This port, in turn, has its learning
capability being turned off (Learning Disable). Per port,
multiple entries can be qualified as matched entries.
R/W
(SC)
0
3
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
1
2
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
1
UNH Mode
1, the switch will drop packets with 0x8808 in T/L filed, or
DA=01-80-C2-00-00-01.
0, the switch will drop packets qualified as “flow control”
packets.
R/W
0
Link Change Age
1, link change from “link” to “no link” will cause fast aging
(<800µs) to age address table faster. After an age cycle is
complete, the age logic will return to normal (300 +/- 75
seconds). Note: If any port is unplugged, all addresses will
be automatically aged out.
R/W
0
5
1
0
Register 3 (0x03): Global Control 1
7
Pass All Frames
1, switch all packets including bad ones. Used solely for
debugging purpose. Works in conjunction with sniffer mode.
R/W
0
6
2K Byte packet support
1 = enable support 2K Byte packet
0 = disable support 2K Byte packet
R/W
0
March 4, 2015
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Global Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Register 3 (0x03): Global Control 1
7
Pass All Frames
1, switch all packets including bad ones. Used solely
for debugging purpose. Works in conjunction with
sniffer mode.
R/W
0
6
2K Byte packet support
1 = enable support 2K Byte packet
0 = disable support 2K Byte packet
R/W
0
R/W
0
Pin SM3RXD3
strap option.
PD(0): Enable Tx
flow control
(default).
PU(1): Disable
Tx/Rx flow control.
Note: SM3RXD3
has internal pulldown.
IEEE 802.3x Receive
Flow Control Disable
0, will enable receive flow control based on AN result.
1, will not enable receive flow control regardless of
AN result.
Note: Bit 5 and bit 4 default values are controlled by
the same pin, but they can be programmed
independently.
R/W
0
Pin SM3RXD3 strap
option.
PD (0): Enable Rx
flow control
(default).
PU(1): Disable
Tx/Rx flow
control.
Note: SM3RXD3
has internal pulldown.
3
Frame Length Field Check
1, will check frame length field in the IEEE packets
If the actual length does not match, the packet will be
dropped (for L/T <1500).
R/W
0
2
Aging Enable
1, Enable age function in the chip.
0, Disable aging function.
R/W
1
1
Fast Age Enable
1 = Turn on fast age (800µs).
R/W
0
R/W
0
Pin SM3RXD0 strap
option.
PD(0): Disable
aggressive back off
(default).
PU(1): Aggressive
back off.
Note: SM3RXD0
has internal pull
down.
5
4
0
IEEE 802.3x Transmit
Flow Control Disable
Aggressive Back Off Enable
March 4, 2015
0, will enable transmit flow control based on AN result.
1, will not enable transmit flow control regardless of
AN result.
1 = Enable more aggressive back-off algorithm in half
duplex mode to enhance performance. This is not an
IEEE standard.
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Global Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Unicast Port-VLAN
Mismatch Discard
This feature is used for port VLAN (described in Register
17, Register 33...).
1, all packets cannot cross VLAN boundary.
0, unicast packets (excluding unknown/
multicast/broadcast) can cross VLAN boundary.
R/W
1
6
Multicast Storm Protection
Disable
1, “Broadcast Storm Protection” does not include multicast
packets. Only DA=FFFFFFFFFFFF packets will be
regulated.
0, “Broadcast Storm Protection” includes
DA = FFFFFFFFFFFF and DA [40] = 1 packets.
R/W
1
5
Back Pressure Mode
1, carrier sense based backpressure is selected.
0, collision based backpressure is selected.
R/W
1
Flow Control and Back
Pressure fair Mode
1, fair mode is selected. In this mode, if a flow control port
and a non-flow control port talk to the same destination
port, packets from the non-flow control port may be
dropped. This is to prevent the flow control port from being
flow controlled for an extended period of time.
0, in this mode, if a flow control port and a non-flow control
port talk to the same destination port, the flow control port
will be flow controlled. This may not be “fair” to the flow
control port.
R/W
1
R/W
0
Pin SM3RXD1 strap
option.
PD(0): (default )
Drop excessive
collision packets.
PU(1): Do not drop
excessive collision
packets. Note:
SM3RXD1 has
internal pull down.
R/W
0
Register 4 (0x04): Global Control 2
7
4
3
2
No Excessive Collision
Drop
Huge Packet Support
1
Legal Maximum Packet
Size Check Disable
0
Reserved
March 4, 2015
1, the switch will not drop packets when 16 or more
collisions occur.
0, the switch will drop packets when 16 or more collisions
occur.
1, will accept packet sizes up to 1916 bytes (inclusive).
This bit setting will override setting from bit 1 of the same
register.
0, the max packet size will be determined by bit 1 of this
register.
1, will accept packet sizes up to 1536 bytes (inclusive).
0, 1522 bytes for tagged packets (not including packets
with STPID from CPU to ports 1-4), 1518 bytes for
untagged packets. Any packets larger than the specified
value will be dropped.
N/A
R/W
RO
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Global Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
R/W
0
R/W
0
Register 5 (0x05): Global Control 3
1, 802.1q VLAN mode is turned on. VLAN table needs to set up
before the operation.
0, 802.1q VLAN is disabled.
7
802.1q VLAN Enable
6
IGMP Snoop Enable on
Switch SW4-MII Interface
5
Enable Direct Mode on
Switch SW4-MII Interface
1, direct mode on Port 4. This is a special mode for the
Switch MII interface. Using preamble before MRXDV to direct
switch to forward packets, bypassing internal look-up.
0, normal operation.
R/W
0
4
Enable Pre-Tag on
Switch SW4-MII Interface
1, packets forwarded to Switch MII interface will be pre-tagged
with the source port number (preamble before RXDV).
0, normal operation.
R/W
0
3−2
Reserved
RO
00
R/W
0
R/W
0
1, IGMP snoop enabled. All the IGMP packets will be forwarded
to Switch MII port.
0, IGMP snoop disabled.
N/A
1, the last 5 digits in the VID field are used as a mask to
determine which port(s) the packet should be forwarded to.
0, no tag masks.
1
Enable “Tag” Mask
Note: you need to turn off the 802.1q VLAN mode (reg0x5, bit 7 =
0) for this bit to work.
0
March 4, 2015
Sniff Mode Select
1, will do Rx AND Tx sniff (both source port and destination port
need to match).
0, will do Rx OR Tx sniff (Either source port or destination port
needs to match).
This is the mode used to implement Rx only sniff.
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Global Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
R/W
0
R/W
0
Pin SM4RXD2 strap
option.
PD(0): (default) Fullduplex mode.
PU(1): Half-duplex
mode. Note:
SMRXD2 has internal
pull-down.
R/W
0
Pin SM4RXD3 strap
option.
PD(0): (default)
Disable flow control.
PU(1): enable flow
control.
Note: SMRXD3
has internal pulldown.
R/W
0
Pin SM4RXD1 strap
option.
PD(0): (default)
Enable 100Mbps.
PU(1): Enable
10Mbps.
Note: SMRXD1 has
internal pull-down.
Register 6 (0x06): Global Control 4
7
6
5
4
March 4, 2015
Switch SW4-MII/RMII
Back Pressure Enable
Switch SW4-MII/RMII
Half-Duplex Mode
Switch SW4-MII/RMII
Flow Control Enable
Switch SW4-MII/RMII
Speed
1, enable half-duplex back pressure on switch
MII/RMII interface.
0, disable back pressure on switch MII/RMII interface.
1, enable MII/RMII interface half-duplex mode.
0, enable MII/RMII interface full-duplex mode.
1, enable full-duplex flow control on switch MII/RMII
interface.
0, disable full-duplex flow control on switch MII/RMII
interface.
1, the switch SW4-MII/RMII is in 10Mbps mode.
0, the switch SW4-MII/RMII is in 100Mbps mode
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Global Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
3
Null VID Replacement
1, will replace null VID with port VID (12 bits).
0, no replacement for null VID.
R/W
0
2−0
Broadcast Storm
Protection Rate Bit [10:8]
This along with the next register determines how many
“64 byte blocks” of packet data allowed on an input
port in a preset period. The period is 50ms for 100BT
or 500ms for 10BT. The default is 1%.
R/W
000
This along with the previous register determines how
many “64 byte blocks” of packet data are allowed on an
input port in a preset period. The period is 50ms for
100BT or 500ms for 10BT. The default is 1%.
R/W
0x4A
N/A Do not change.
RO
0x00
N/A Do not change.
RO
0x4C
Register 7 (0x07): Global Control 5
7−0
Broadcast Storm
Protection Rate Bit [7:0]
(7)
Register 8 (0x08): Global Control 6
7−0
Factory Testing
Register 9 (0x09): Global Control 7
7−0
Factory Testing
Note:
7. 148,800 frames/sec × 50ms/interval × 1% = 74 frames/interval (approx.) = 0x4A.
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Global Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0x00
R/W
0
R/W
0
Register 10 (0x0A): Global Control 8
7−0
Factory Testing
N/A Do not change
Register 11 (0x0B): Global Control 9
7
6
Port 3 SW3-RMII
reference clock edge
select
Port 4 SW4- RMII
reference clock edge
select
Select the data sampling edge of Switch MAC3 SW3- RMII
reference clock:
1 = data sampling on negative edge of refclk
0 = data sampling on positive edge of refclk (default)
Select the data sampling edge of Switch MAC4 SW4- RMII
reference clock:
1 = data sampling on negative edge of refclk
0 = data sampling on positive edge of refclk (default)
5
Reserved
N/A Do not changes.
RO
0
4
Reserved
N/A Do not changes.
RO
0
3
PHY Power
Save
1 = disable PHY power save mode.
0 = enable PHY power save mode.
R/W
0
2
Reserved
N/A Do not changes.
RO
0
R/W
0
Pin SM4RXD0
- strap option.
Pull-down(0):
Enabled led
mode 0. Pullup(1): Enabled
led mode 1.
Note:
SM4RXD0 has
internal pulldown 0.
R/W
0
0 = led mode 0.
1 = led mode 1.
1
LED Mode
Mode 0
Mode 1
PxLED1
Link/Act
100Lnk/Act
PxLED0
Speed
Full duplex
Select the SPI/SMI clock edge for sampling SPI/SMI read
data
0
March 4, 2015
SPI/SMI read sampling
clock edge select
1 = trigger by rising edge of SPI/SMI clock (for high speed
SPI about 25MHz and SMI about 10MHz)
0 = trigger by falling edge of SPI/SMI clock
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Global Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0
RO
1
Pin P1LED1 strap
option.
PD(0): Select device
at normal mode
when use SW4-RMII
and accept 50MHz
clock from external.
PU(1): (default) The
device is at clock
mode, provide
50MHz clock in
RMII. Note: P1LED1
has internal pull-up.
R/W
01
Register 12 (0x0C): Global Control 10
7
6
Reserved
Status of device with RMII
interface at clock mode or
normal mode, default is
clock mode with 25MHz
Crystal clock from pins
X1/X2
Reserved
1 = The device is in clock mode when use RMII
interface, 25 MHz Crystal clock input as clock source
for internal PLL. This internal PLL will provide the 50
MHz output on the pin SMRXC for RMII reference
clock (Default).
0 = The device is in normal mode when use SW4-RMII
interface and 50 MHz clock input from external clock
through pin SM4TXC as device’s clock source and
internal PLL clock source from this pin not from the
25MHz crystal.
Note: This bit is set by strap option only. Write to this
bit has no effect on mode selection
Note: The normal mode is used in SW4-RMII interface
reference clock from external.
5−4
CPU interface clock select
Select the internal clock speed for SPI, MDI interface:
00 = 41.67MHz (SPI up to 6.25MHz, MDC up to
6MHz)
01 = 83.33MHz Default (SPI SCL up to 12.5MHz,
MDC up to 12MHz)
10 = 125MHz (for high speed SPI about 25MHz)
11 = Reserved
3
Reserved
N/A Do not changes.
RO
00
2
Reserved
N/A Do not changes.
RO
1
1
Tail Tag Enable
Tail Tag feature is applied for Port 4 only.
1 = Insert 1 Byte of data right before FCS
0 = Do not insert
R/W
0
0
Pass Flow Control Packet
1 = Switch will not filter 802.1x “flow control” packets
0 = Switch will filter 802.1x “flow control” packets
R/W
0
N/A Do not change.
RO
00000000
Register 13 (0x0D): Global Control 11
7−0
Factory Testing
Register 14 (0x0E): Power Down Management Control 1
7
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
6
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
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KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Global Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
R/W
0
R/W
00
RO
000
R/W
01010000
Register 14 (0x0E): Power Down Management Control 1 (Continued)
5
4−3
PLL Power Down
Power Management Mode
PLL power down enable:
1 = Disable
0 = Enable
PLL power down takes effect in Energy Detect mode
Power management mode:
00 = Normal mode (D0)
01 = Energy Detection mode (D2)
10 = soft Power Down mode (D3)
11 = Power Saving mode (D1)
Note: For soft Power Down mode to take effect, have
to write ‘10’ only without read value back.
2−0
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
Register 15 (0x0F): Power Down Management Control 2
7−0
March 4, 2015
Go_sleep_time[7:0]
When the Energy Detect mode is on, this value is
used to control the minimum period that the no energy
event has to be detected consecutively before the
device enters the low power state. The unit is 20 ms.
The default of go sleep time is 1.6 seconds (80Dec x
20ms).
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KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Port Registers
The following registers are used to enable features that are assigned on a per port basis. The register bit assignments are
the same for all ports, but the address for each port is different, as indicated.
Register 16 (0x10): Reserved
Register 32 (0x20): Port 1 Control 0
Register 48 (0x30): Port 2 Control 0
Register 64 (0x40): Port 3 Control 0
Register 80 (0x50): Port 4 Control 0
Address
Name
Description
7
Broadcast Storm
Protection Enable
6
5
4−3
2
1
March 4, 2015
Mode
Default
1, enable broadcast storm protection for ingress packets
on the port.
0, disable broadcast storm protection.
R/W
0
DiffServ Priority
Classification Enable
1, enable DiffServ priority classification for ingress
packets on port.
0, disable DiffServ function.
R/W
0
802.1p Priority
Classification Enable
1, enable 802.1p priority classification for ingress packets
on port.
0, disable 802.1p.
R/W
0
Port-Based Priority
Classification Enable
= 00, ingress packets on port will be classified as priority 0
queue if “Diffserv” or “802.1p” classification is not enabled
or fails to classify.
= 01, ingress packets on port will be classified as priority 1
queue if “Diffserv” or “802.1p” classification is not enabled
or fails to classify.
= 10, ingress packets on port will be classified as priority 2
queue if “Diffserv” or “802.1p” classification is not enabled
or fails to classify.
= 11, ingress packets on port will be classified as priority 3
queue if “Diffserv” or “802.1p” classification is not enabled
or fails to classify.
Note: “DiffServ”, “802.1p” and port priority can be enabled
at the same time. The OR’ed result of 802.1p and DSCP
overwrites the port priority.
R/W
00
Tag insertion
1, when packets are output on the port, the switch will add
802.1q tags to packets without 802.1q tags when
received. The switch will not add tags to packets already
tagged. The tag inserted is the ingress port’s “port VID.”
0, disable tag insertion.
R/W
0
Tag Removal
1, when packets are output on the port, the switch will
remove 802.1q tags from packets with 802.1q tags when
received. The switch will not modify packets received
without tags.
0, disable tag removal.
R/W
0
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Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Port Registers (Continued)
Register 16 (0x10): Reserved
Register 32 (0x20): Port 1 Control 0
Register 48 (0x30): Port 2 Control 0
Register 64 (0x40): Port 3 Control 0
Register 80 (0x50): Port 4 Control 0
Address
0
Name
Description
Two Queues Split Enable
This bit0 in the Register16/32/48/64/80 should be combination
with Register193/209 bit 1 for port 1-2 will select the split of
1/2/4 queues:
For port 1, [Register193 bit 1, Register32 bit 0] =
[11], Reserved
[10], the port output queue is split into four priority queues or if
map 802.1p to priority 0-3 mode.
[01], the port output queue is split into two priority queues or if
map 802.1p to priority 0-3 mode.
[00], single output queue on the port. There is no priority
differentiation even though packets are classified into high or
low priority.
Mode
Default
R/W
0
Mode
Default
Register 17 (0x11): Reserved
Register 33 (0x21): Port 1 Control 1
Register 49 (0x31): Port 2 Control 1
Register 65 (0x41): Port 3 Control 1
Register 81 (0x51): Port 4 Control 1
Address
Name
Description
7
Sniffer Port
1, port is designated as sniffer port and will transmit packets
that are monitored.
0, port is a normal port.
R/W
0
Receive Sniff
1, all the packets received on the port will be marked as
“monitored packets” and forwarded to the designated “sniffer
port.”
0, no receive monitoring.
R/W
0
Transmit Sniff
1, all the packets transmitted on the port will be marked as
“monitored packets” and forwarded to the designated “sniffer
port.”
0, no transmit monitoring.
R/W
0
Port VLAN Membership
Define the port’s Port VLAN membership. Bit 4 stands for port
4, bit 3 for port 3...bit 1 for port 1, bit 0 is reserved. The port
can only communicate within the membership. A ‘1’ includes a
port in the membership, a ‘0’ excludes a port from
membership.
R/W
0x1f
6
5
4−0
March 4, 2015
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KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Port Registers (Continued)
Register 18 (0x12): Reserved
Register 34 (0x22): Port 1 Control 2
Register 50 (0x32): Port 2 Control 2
Register 66 (0x42): Port 3 Control 2
Register 82 (0x52): Port 4 Control 2
Address
Mode
Default
User Priority Ceiling
1, If packet ‘s “user priority field” is greater than the
“user priority field” in the port default tag register,
replace the packet’s “user priority field” with the “user
priority field” in the port default tag Register control 3.
0, no replace packet’s priority filed with port default tag
priority filed of the Register Port Control 3 bit [7:5].
R/W
0
6
Ingress VLAN Filtering.
1, the switch will discard packets whose VID port
membership in VLAN table bit [20:16] does not include
the ingress port.
0, no ingress VLAN filtering.
R/W
0
5
Discard Non-PVID
packets
1, the switch will discard packets whose VID does not
match ingress port default VID.
0, no packets will be discarded.
R/W
0
Force Flow Control
1, will always enable Rx and Tx flow control on the port,
regardless of AN result.
0, the flow control is enabled based on AN result
(Default)
R/W
7
4
Name
Description
0
3
Back Pressure Enable
1, enable port half-duplex back pressure.
0, disable port half-duplex back pressure.
R/W
0
Pin SM3RXD2
strap option.
Pull-down (0):
disable back
pressure.
Pull-up(1):
enable back
pressure. Note:
SM3RXD2 has
internal pulldown.
2
Transmit Enable
1, enable packet transmission on the port.
0, disable packet transmission on the port.
R/W
1
1
Receive Enable
1, enable packet reception on the port.
0, disable packet reception on the port.
R/W
1
0
Learning Disable
1, disable switch address learning capability.
0, enable switch address learning.
R/W
0
Note:
Bits 2-0 are used for spanning tree support. See “Spanning Tree Support” section for more information.
March 4, 2015
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Port Registers (Continued)
Register 19 (0x13): Reserved
Register 35 (0x23): Port 1 Control 3
(8)
Register 51 (0x33): Port 2 Control 3
Register 67 (0x43): Port 3 Control 3
Register 83 (0x53): Port 4 Control 3
Address
Name
Description
7−0
Default Tag [15:8]
Port’s default tag, containing:
7-5: user priority bits
4: CFI bit
3-0 : VID[11:8]
Mode
Default
R/W
0x00
Mode
Default
R/W
0x01
Register 20 (0x14): Reserved
Register 36 (0x24): Port 1 Control 4
(8)
Register 52 (0x34): Port 2 Control 4
Register 68 (0x44): Port 3 Control 4
Register 84 (0x54): Port 4 Control 4
Address
Name
Description
7−0
Default Tag [7:0]
Default port 1’s tag, containing:
7-0: VID[7:0]
Note:
8. Registers 35 and 36 (and those corresponding to other ports) serve two purposes: (1) Associated with the ingress untagged packets, and used for
egress tagging; (2) Default VID for the ingress untagged or null-VID-tagged packets, and used for address look up.
Register 87 (0x57): RMII Management Control Register
Address
Name
7−4
Reserved
Description
3
Port 4 MAC4 SW4-RMII
50MHz clock output
disable
Disable the output of port 4 SW4-RMII 50 MHz output
clock on RXC pin when 50MHz clock is not being used by
the device and the 50MHz clock from external oscillator or
opposite device in RMII mode
1 = Disable clock output when RXC pin is not used in
RMII mode
0 = Enable clock output in RMII mode
2−0
Reserved
N/A Do not change
March 4, 2015
57
Mode
Default
RO
0000
R/W
0
RO
000
Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Port Registers (Continued)
Register 25 (0x19): Reserved
Register 41 (0x29): Port 1 Status 0
Register 57 (0x39): Port 2 Status 0
Register 73 (0x49): Reserved
Register 89 (0x59): Reserved
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
7
Hp_mdix
1 = HP Auto MDI/MDI-X mode
0 = Micrel Auto MDI/MDI-X mode
R/W
1
6
Reserved
N/A Do not change
RO
0
5
Polrvs
1 = Polarity is reversed
0 = Polarity is not reversed
RO
0
4
Transmit Flow Control
Enable
1 = Transmit flow control feature is active
0 = Transmit flow control feature is inactive
RO
0
3
Receive Flow Control
Enable
1 = Receive flow control feature is active
0 = Receive flow control feature is inactive
RO
0
2
Operation Speed
1 = Link speed is 100Mbps
0 = Link speed is 10Mbps
RO
0
1
Operation Duplex
1 = Link duplex is full
0 = Link duplex is half
RO
0
0
Reserved
N/A Do not change
RO
0
March 4, 2015
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Port Registers (Continued)
Register 26 (0x1A): Reserved
Register 42 (0x2A): Port 1 PHY Special Control/Status
Register 58 (0x3A): Port 2 PHY Special Control/Status
Register 74 (0x4A): Reserved
Register 90 (0x5A): Reserved
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
7
Vct 10M Short
1 = less than 10 meter short detected
RO
0
6-5
Vct_result
00 = Normal condition
01 = Open condition detected in cable
10 = Short condition detected in cable
11 = Cable diagnostic test has failed
RO
00
4
Vct_enable
1 = Enable cable diagnostic test. After VCT test has
completed, this bit will be self-cleared.
0 = Indicate cable diagnostic test (if enabled) has
completed and the status information is valid for read.
R/W
(SC)
0
3
Force_lnk
1 = Force link pass
0 = Normal Operation
R/W
0
2
Pwrsave
1 = Enable power saving
0 = Disable power saving
R/W
0
1
Remote Loopback
1 = Perform Remote loopback, loopback on port 1 as
follows:
Port 1 (reg. 42, bit 1 = ‘1’)
Start : RXP1/RXM1 (port 1)
Loopback: PMD/PMA of port 1’s PHY
End: TXP1/TXM1 (port 1)
Setting reg. 58 bit 1 = ‘1’ will perform remote
loopback on port 2.
0 = Normal Operation.
R/W
0
0
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
Mode
Default
RO
0
Register 27 (0x1B): Reserved
Register 43 (0x2B): Port 1 LinkMD result
Register 59 (0x3B): Port 2 LinkMD result
Register 75 (0x4B): Reserved
Register 91 (0x5B): Reserved
Address
Name
Description
7-0
Vct_fault_count[7:0]
Bits [7:0] of VCT fault count
Distance to the fault.
It’s approximately 0.4m*Vct_fault_count[8:0]
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Port Registers (Continued)
Register 28 (0x1C): Reserved
Register 44 (0x2C): Port 1 Control 5
Register 60 (0x3C): Port 2 Control 5
Register 76 (0x4C): Reserved
Register 92 (0x5C): Reserved
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
7
Disable Auto-Negotiation
1, disable auto-negotiation, the speed and duplex are
decided by bit 6 and 5 of the same register.
0, auto-negotiation is on.
R/W
0
6
Forced Speed
1, forced 100BT if AN is disabled (bit 7).
0, forced 10BT if AN is disabled (bit 7).
R/W
1
5
Forced Duplex
1, forced full-duplex if (1) AN is disabled or (2) AN is
enabled but failed.
0, forced half-duplex if (1) AN is disabled or (2) AN is
enabled but failed (Default).
R/W
4
Advertised Flow Control
Capability
1, advertise flow control capability.
0, suppress flow control capability from transmission to
link partner.
R/W
1
3
Advertised 100BT FullDuplex Capability
1, advertise 100BT full-duplex capability.
0, suppress 100BT full-duplex capability from
transmission to link partner.
R/W
1
2
Advertised 100BT HalfDuplex Capability
1, advertise 100BT half-duplex capability.
0, suppress 100BT half-duplex capability from
transmission to link partner.
R/W
1
1
Advertised 10BT FullDuplex Capability
1, advertise 10BT full-duplex capability.
0, suppress 10BT full-duplex capability from
transmission to link partner.
R/W
1
0
Advertised 10BT HalfDuplex Capability
1, advertise 10BT half-duplex capability.
0, suppress 10BT half-duplex capability from
transmission to link partner.
R/W
1
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KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Port Registers (Continued)
Register 29 (0x1D): Reserved
Register 45 (0x2D): Port 1 Control 6
Register 61 (0x3D): Port 2 Control 6
Register 77 (0x4D): Port 3 Control 6 for MAC Loop-back
Register 93 (0x5D): Port 4 Control 6 for MAC Loop-back
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
LED Off
1, turn off all port’s LEDs (PxLED0, PxLED1, where “x”
is the port number). These pins will be driven high if
this bit is set to one.
0, normal operation.
7
R/W
0
6
Txids
1, disable port’s transmitter.
0, normal operation.
R/W
0
5
Restart AN
1, restart auto-negotiation.
0, normal operation.
R/W
(SC)
0
4
Reserved
N/A
RO
0
3
Power Down
1, power down.
0, normal operation.
R/W
0
2
Disable Auto MDI/MDI-X
1, disable auto MDI/MDI-X function.
0, enable auto MDI/MDI-X function.
R/W
0
1
Forced MDI
1, if auto MDI/MDI-X is disabled, force PHY into MDI
mode (transmit on RX pair).
0, MDI-X mode (transmit on TX pair).
R/W
0
MAC Loopback
1 = Perform MAC loopback, loop back path as follows:
E.g. set port 1 MAC Loopback (reg. 45, bit 0 = ‘1’), use
port 2 as monitor port. The packets will transfer
Start: Port 2 receiving (also can start to receive
packets from port 1).
Loop-back: Port 1’s MAC.
End: Port 2 transmitting (also can end at port 1).
Setting reg. 77, 93, bit 0 = ‘1’ will perform MAC
loopback on port 3, 4 respectively with monitor port 2.
0 = Normal Operation.
R/W
0
0
Note: From bit [7-1] are reserved for the Port 3 and Port 4.
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Port Registers (Continued)
Register 30 (0x1E): Reserved
Register 46 (0x2E): Port 1 Status 1
Register 62 (0x3E): Port 2 Status 1
Register 78 (0x4E): Reserved
Register 94 (0x5E): Reserved
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
7
MDIX Status
1, MDI.
0, MDI-X.
RO
0
6
AN Done
1, AN done.
0, AN not done.
RO
0
5
Link Good
1, link good.
0, link not good.
RO
0
4
Partner Flow Control
Capability
1, link partner flow control capable.
0, link partner not flow control capable.
RO
0
3
Partner 100BT FullDuplex Capability
1, link partner 100BT full-duplex capable.
0, link partner not 100BT full-duplex capable.
RO
0
2
Partner 100BT HalfDuplex Capability
1, link partner 100BT half-duplex capable.
0, link partner not 100BT half-duplex capable.
RO
0
1
Partner 10BT Full-Duplex
Capability
1, link partner 10BT full-duplex capable.
0, link partner not 10BT full-duplex capable.
RO
0
0
Partner 10BT Half-Duplex
Capability
1, link partner 10BT half-duplex capable.
0, link partner not 10BT half-duplex capable.
RO
0
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Port Registers (Continued)
Register 31 (0x1F): Reserved
Register 47 (0x2F): Port 1 Control 7 and Status 2
Register 63 (0x3F): Port 2 Control 7 and Status 2
Register 79 (0x4F): Reserved
Register 95 (0x5F): Reserved
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
PHY Loopback
1 = Perform PHY loopback, loop back path as follows:
e.g. set port 1 PHY Loopback (reg. 47, bit 7 = ‘1’)
Use the port 2 as monitor port. The packets will
transfer
Start: Port 2 receiving (also can start from port 1).
Loopback: PMD/PMA of port 1’s PHY
End: Port 2 transmitting (also can end at port 1).
Setting reg. 63 bit 7 = ‘1’ will perform PHY
loopback on port 2 with monitor port 1.
0 = Normal Operation.
7
R/W
0
6
Reserved
N/A Do not change
RO
0
5
PHY Isolate
1, Electrical isolation of PHY from MII and TX+/TX-.
0, Normal operation.
R/W
0
4
Soft Reset
1, PHY soft reset. This bit is self-clear.
0, normal operation.
R/W
(SC)
0
3
Force Link
1, force link in the PHY.
0, normal operation
R/W
0
Port Operation Mode
Indication
Indicate the current state of port operation mode:
[000] = Reserved
[001] = still in auto-negotiation
[010] = 10BASE-T half duplex
[011] = 100BASE-TX half duplex
[100] = Reserved
[101] = 10BASE-T full duplex
[110] = 100BASE-TX full duplex
[111] = Reserved
RO
001
2−0
Note:
Port Control 12, 13, 14 and Port Status 1, 2 contents can be accessed by MIIM (MDC/MDIO) interface via the standard MIIM register definition.
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Advanced Control Registers
Registers 104 to 109 define the switching engine’s MAC address. This 48-bit address is used as the source address in
MAC pause control frames, or is used for self MAC address filtering, also see Register 134.
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
R/W
0x00
R/W
0x10
R/W
0xA1
R/W
0xff
R/W
0xff
R/W
0xff
Register 104 (0x68): MAC Address Register 0
7−0
MACA[47:40]
Register 105 (0x69): MAC Address Register 1
7−0
MACA[39:32]
Register 106 (0x6A): MAC Address Register 2
7−0
MACA[31:24]
Register 107 (0x6B): MAC Address Register 3
7−0
MACA[23:16]
Register 108 (0x6C): MAC Address Register 4
7−0
MACA[15:8]
Register 109 (0X6D): MAC Address Register 5
7−0
MACA[7:0]
Note:
Use Registers 110 and 111 to read or write data to the static MAC address table, VLAN table, dynamic address table, or the MIB counters.
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Register 110 (0x6E): Indirect Access Control 0
7−5
Reserved
Reserved.
R/W
000
4
Read High Write Low
1, Read cycle.
0, Write cycle.
R/W
0
3−2
Table Select
00 = static mac address table selected.
01 = VLAN table selected.
10 = dynamic address table selected.
11 = MIB counter selected.
R/W
0
1−0
Indirect Address High
Bit 9-8 of indirect address.
R/W
00
R/W
00000000
Register 111 (0x6F): Indirect Access Control 1
7−0
Indirect Address Low
Bit 7-0 of indirect address.
Note:
Write to Register 111 will actually trigger a command. Read or write access will be decided by bit 4 of Register 110.
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Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
R/W
00000
R/W
00000000
R/W
00000000
R/W
00000000
R/W
00000000
R/W
00000000
R/W
00000000
R/W
00000000
R/W
00000000
Register 112 (0x70): Indirect Data Register 8
68 − 64
Indirect Data
Bit 68-64 of indirect data.
Register 113 (0x71): Indirect Data Register 7
63 − 56
Indirect Data
Bit 63-56 of indirect data.
Register 114 (0x72): Indirect Data Register 6
55 − 48
Indirect Data
Bit 55-48 of indirect data.
Register 115 (0x73): Indirect Data Register 5
47 − 40
Indirect Data
Bit 47-40 of indirect data.
Register 116 (0x74): Indirect Data Register 4
39 − 32
Indirect Data
Bit 39-32 of indirect data.
Register 117 (0x75): Indirect Data Register 3
31 − 24
Indirect Data
Bit of 31-24 of indirect data
Register 118 (0x76): Indirect Data Register 2
23 − 16
Indirect Data
Bit 23-16 of indirect data.
Register 119 (0x77): Indirect Data Register 1
15 − 8
Indirect Data
Bit 15-8 of indirect data.
Register 120 (0x78): Indirect Data Register 0
7−0
Indirect Data
Bit 7-0 of indirect data.
Register 124 (0x7C): Interrupt Status Register
7 − 3
Reserved
Reserved.
RO
000
Port 2 Interrupt Status
1, Port 2 interrupt request
0, normal
Note: This bit is set by port 2 link change. Write a “1” to
clear this bit
RO
0
1
Port 1 Interrupt Status
1, Port 1 interrupt request
0, normal
Note: This bit is set by port 1 link change. Write a “1” to
clear this bit
RO
0
0
Reserved
Reserved.
RO
0
2
Register 125 (0x7D): Interrupt Mask Register
7−3
Reserved
Reserved.
RO
000
2
Port 2 Interrupt Mask
1, Port 2 interrupt mask
0, normal
R/W
0
1
Port 1 Interrupt Mask
1, Port 1 interrupt mask
0, normal
R/W
0
0
Reserved
Reserved.
RO
0
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Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Registers 128, 129 can be used to map from 802.1p priority field 0-7 to switch’s four priority queues 0-3, 0x3 is highest
priority queues as priority 3, 0x0 is lowest priority queues as priority 0.
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Register 128 (0x80): Global Control 12
7−6
Tag_0x3
IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is
used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p
tag has a value of 0x3.
R/W
0x1
5−4
Tag_0x2
IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is
used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p
tag has a value of 0x2.
R/W
0x1
3−2
Tag_0x1
IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is
used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p
tag has a value of 0x1.
R/W
0x0
1−0
Tag_0x0
IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is
used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p
tag has a value of 0x0.
R/W
0x0
Register 129 (0x81): Global Control 13
7−6
Tag_0x7
IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is
used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p
tag has a value of 0x7.
R/W
0x3
5−4
Tag_0x6
IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is
used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p
tag has a value of 0x6.
R/W
0x3
3−2
Tag_0x5
IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is
used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p
tag has a value of 0x5.
R/W
0x2
1−0
Tag_0x4
IEEE 802.1p mapping. The value in this field is
used as the frame’s priority when its IEEE 802.1p
tag has a value of 0x4.
R/W
0x2
When the 2 Queue configuration is selected, these
Pri_2Q[1:0] bits are used to map the 2-bit result of
IEEE 802.1p from Register 128/129 or
TOS/DiffServ from Register 144- 159 mapping (for
4 Queues) into two queues low/high priorities.
2-bit result of IEEE 802.1p or TOS/DiffServ
00 (0) = map to Low priority queue
01 (1) = Prio_2Q[0] map to Low/High priority queue
10 (2) = Prio_2Q[1] map to Low/High priority queue
11 (3) = map to High priority queue
Pri_2Q[1:0] =
00: Result 0, 1, 2 are low priority. 3 is high priority.
10: Result 0, 1 are low priority. 2, 3 are high priority
(default).
11: Result 0 is low priority. 1, 2, 3 are high priority.
R/W
10
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
Register 130 (0x82): Global Control 14
Pri_2Q[1:0]
7−6
5
March 4, 2015
(Note that program Prio_2Q[1:0]
= 01 is not supported and should
be avoided)
Reserved
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Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Register 130 (0x82): Global Control 14
4
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
3−2
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
01
1
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
0
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0.
Register 131 (0x83): Global Control 15
7
Reserved
N/A
RO
0
6
Reserved
N/A
RO
0
5
Unknown unicast packet forward
1 = enable supporting unknown unicast packet
forward
0 = disable
R/W
0
Unknown unicast packet forward
port map
00000 = filter unknown unicast packet
00001 = reserved
0001x = forward unknown unicast packet to Port 1
0010x = forward unknown unicast packet to Port 2
0011x = forward unknown unicast packet to Port 1,
Port 2
1111x = broadcast unknown unicast packet to all
ports
Note: x = ‘0’ or ‘1’, bit 0 is reserved.
R/W
00000
R/W
01
4−0
Register 132 (0x84): Global Control 16
7−6
Chip I/O output drive strength
select[1:0]
Output drive strength select[1:0] =
00 = 4mA drive strength
01 = 8mA drive strength (default)
10 = 10mA drive strength
11 = 14mA drive strength
5
Unknown multicast packet
forward (not including IP multicast
packet)
1 = enable supporting unknown multicast packet
forward
0 = disable
R/W
0
Unknown multicast packet
forward port map
00000 = filter unknown multicast packet
00001 = reserved
0001x = forward unknown unicast packet to Port 1
0010x = forward unknown unicast packet to Port 2
0011x = forward unknown unicast packet to Port 1,
Port 2
1111x = broadcast unknown unicast packet to all
ports
Note: x = ‘0’ or ‘1’, bit 0 is reserved.
R/W
00000
4−0
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Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
00
Register 133(0x85): Global Control 17
7−6
Reserved
5
Unknown VID packet forward
1 = enable supporting unknown VID packet forward
0 = disable
R/W
0
Unknown VID packet forward port
map
00000 = filter unknown VID packet
00001 = reserved
0001x = forward unknown unicast packet to Port 1
0010x = forward unknown unicast packet to Port 2
0011x = forward unknown unicast packet to Port 1,
Port 2
1111x = broadcast unknown unicast packet to all
ports
Note: x = ‘0’ or ‘1’, bit 0 is reserved.
R/W
00000
Reserved
N/A
RO
0
6
Self-Address Filter Enable
1 = Enable filtering of self-address unicast and
multicast packet
0 = Do not filter self-address packet
Note: The self-address filtering will filter packets on
the egress port, self MAC address is assigned in
the Register 104-109.
R/W
0
5
Unknown IP multicast packet
forward
1 = enable supporting unknown IP multicast packet
forward
0 = disable
R/W
0
Unknown IP multicast packet
forward port map
00000 = filter unknown IP multicast packet
00001 = reserved
0001x = forward unknown unicast packet to Port 1
0010x = forward unknown unicast packet to Port 2
0011x = forward unknown unicast packet to Port 1,
Port 2
1111x = broadcast unknown unicast packet to all
ports
Note: x = ‘0’ or ‘1’, bit 0 is reserved.
R/W
00000
4−0
Register 134 (0x86): Global Control 18
7
4−0
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Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Register 135 (0x87): Global Control 19
7
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
6
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
0
5−4
Ingress Rate Limit Period
The unit period for calculating Ingress Rate Limit
00 = 16 ms
01 = 64 ms
1x = 256 ms
R/W
01
3
Queue-based Egress Rate Limit
Enabled
Enable Queue-based Egress Rate Limit
0 = port-base Egress Rate Limit (default)
1 = queue-based Egress Rate Limit
R/W
0
2
Insertion Source Port PVID Tag
Selection Enable
1 = enable source port PVID tag insertion or noninsertion option on the egress port for each
source port PVID based on the ports Registers
control 8.
0 = disable, all packets from any ingress port will
be inserted PVID based on Register Port Control
0 bit 2.
R/W
0
1−0
Reserved
N/A Do not change.
RO
00
Register 144 (0x90): TOS Priority Control Register 0
The IPv4/IPv6 TOS priority control registers implement a fully decoded 64 bit differentiated services code point (DSCP) register used
to determine priority from the 6 bit TOS field in the IP header. The most significant 6 bits of the TOS field are fully decoded into 64
possibilities, and the singular code that results is mapped to the value in the corresponding bit in the DSCP register.
7−6
5−4
3−2
1-0
March 4, 2015
DSCP[7:6]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping
The value in this field is used as the frame’s
priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP
TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value are 0x03.
R/W
00
DSCP[5:4]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping
The value in this field is used as the frame’s
priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP
TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x02
R/W
00
DSCP[3:2]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping
The value in this field is used as the frame’s
priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP
TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x01
R/W
00
DSCP[1:0]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping
The value in this field is used as the frame’s
priority when bits [7:2] of the frame’s IP
TOS/DiffServ/Traffic Class value is 0x00
R/W
00
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Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Register 145 (0x91): TOS Priority Control Register 1
7−6
DSCP[15:14]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x07
R/W
00
5−4
DSCP[13:12]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x06
R/W
00
3−2
DSCP[11:10]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x05
R/W
00
1−0
DSCP[9:8]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x04
R/W
00
Register 146 (0x92): TOS Priority Control Register 2
7−6
DSCP[23:22]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x0B
R/W
00
5−4
DSCP[21:20]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x0A
R/W
00
3−2
DSCP[19:18]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x09
R/W
00
1−0
DSCP[17:16]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x08
R/W
00
Register 147 (0x93): TOS Priority Control Register 3
7−6
DSCP[31:30]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x0F
R/W
00
5 −4
DSCP[29:28]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x0E
R/W
00
3 −2
DSCP[27:26]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x0D
R/W
00
1 −0
DSCP[25:24]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x0C
R/W
00
Register 148 (0x94): TOS Priority Control Register 4
7 −6
DSCP[39:38]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x13
R/W
00
5 −4
DSCP[37:36]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x12
R/W
00
3 −2
DSCP[35:34]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x11
R/W
00
1 −0
DSCP[33:32]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x10
R/W
00
Register 149 (0x95): TOS Priority Control Register 5
7 −6
DSCP[47:46]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x17
R/W
00
5 −4
DSCP[45:44]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x16
R/W
00
3 −2
DSCP[43:42]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x15
R/W
00
1 −0
DSCP[41:40]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x14
R/W
00
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Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Register 150 (0x96): TOS Priority Control Register 6
7−6
DSCP[55:54]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x1B
R/W
00
5−4
DSCP[53:52]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x1A
R/W
00
3−2
DSCP[51:50]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x19
R/W
00
1−0
DSCP[49:48]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x18
R/W
00
Register 151 (0x97): TOS Priority Control Register 7
7−6
DSCP[63:62]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x1F
R/W
00
5−4
DSCP[61:60]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x1E
R/W
00
3−2
DSCP[59:58]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x1D
R/W
00
1−0
DSCP[57:56]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x1C
R/W
00
Register 152 (0x98): TOS Priority Control Register 8
7−6
DSCP[71:70]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x23
R/W
00
5−4
DSCP[69:68]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x22
R/W
00
3−2
DSCP[67:66]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x21
R/W
00
1−0
DSCP[65:64]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x20
R/W
00
Register 153 (0x99): TOS Priority Control Register 9
7−6
DSCP[79:78]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x27
R/W
00
5−4
DSCP[77:76]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x26
R/W
00
3−2
DSCP[75:74]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x25
R/W
00
1−0
DSCP[73:72]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x24
R/W
00
Register 154 (0x9A): TOS Priority Control Register 10
7−6
DSCP[87:86]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x2B
R/W
00
5−4
DSCP[85:84]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x2A
R/W
00
3−2
DSCP[83:82]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x29
R/W
00
1−0
DSCP[81:80]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x28
R/W
00
Register 155 (0x9B): TOS Priority Control Register 11
7−6
DSCP[95:94]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x2F
R/W
00
5−4
DSCP[93:92]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x2E
R/W
00
3−2
DSCP[91:90]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x2D
R/W
00
1−0
DSCP[89:88]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x2C
R/W
00
Register 156 (0x9C): TOS Priority Control Register 12
7−6
DSCP[103:102]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x33
R/W
00
5−4
DSCP[101:100]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x32
R/W
00
3−2
DSCP[99:98]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x31
R/W
00
1−0
DSCP[97:96]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x30
R/W
00
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Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Register 157 (0x9D): TOS Priority Control Register 13
7−6
DSCP[111:110]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x37
R/W
00
5−4
DSCP[109:108]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x36
R/W
00
3−2
DSCP[107:106]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x35
R/W
00
1−0
DSCP[105:104]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x34
R/W
00
Register 158 (0x9E): TOS Priority Control Register 14
7−6
DSCP[119:118]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x3B
R/W
00
5−4
DSCP[117:116]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x3A
R/W
00
3−2
DSCP[115:114]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x39
R/W
00
1−0
DSCP[113:112]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x38
R/W
00
Register 159 (0x9F): TOS Priority Control Register 15
7−6
DSCP[127:126]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x3F
R/W
00
5−4
DSCP[125:124]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x3E
R/W
00
3−2
DSCP[123:122]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x3D
R/W
00
1−0
DSCP[121:120]
IPv4 and IPv6 mapping _ for value 0x3C
R/W
00
RO
0000
Register 208: insert source Port 2 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 4
Register 224: insert source Port 3 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 4
Register 240: insert source Port 4 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 3
R/W
0
Register 192: insert source Port 1 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 3
Register 208: insert source Port 2 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 3
Register 224: insert source Port 3 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 2
Register 240: insert source Port 4 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 2.
R/W
0
Register 176 (0xB0): Reserved
Register 192 (0xC0): Port 1 Control 8
Register 208 (0xD0): Port 2 Control 8
Register 224 (0xE0): Port 3 Control 8
Register 240 (0xF0): Port 4 Control 8
7−4
Reserved
Insert Source Port PVID for
Untagged Packet Destination
to Highest Egress Port
3
Note: Enabled by the Register
135 bit 2
Insert Source Port PVID for
Untagged Packet Destination
to Second Highest Egress Port
2
Note: Enabled by the Register
135 bit 2
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Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Insert Source Port PVID for
Untagged Packet Destination
to Second Lowest Egress Port
1
Note: Enabled by the Register
135 bit 2
0
Reserved
Description
Mode
Default
Register 192: insert source Port 1 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 2
Register 208: insert source Port 2 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 1
Register 224: insert source Port 3 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 1
Register 240: insert source Port 4 PVID for
untagged frame at egress Port 1
R/W
0
Reserved
RO
0
RO
0000000
R/W
0
R/W
0
R/W
1
R/W
0001000
Register 177 (0xB1): Reserved
Register 193 (0xC1): Port 1 Control 9
Register 209 (0xD1): Port 2 Control 9
Register 225 (0xE1): Port 3 Control 9
Register 241 (0xF1): Port 4 Control 9
7−2
Reserved
1
4 Queue Split Enable
This bit in combination with Register32/48/64/80 bit
0 will select the split of 1/2/4 queues:
{Register193 bit 1, Register32 bit 0}=
11, reserved.
10, the port output queue is split into four priority
queues or if map 802.1p to priority 0-3 mode.
01, the port output queue is split into two priority
queues or if map 802.1p to priority 0-3 mode.
00, single output queue on the port. There is no
priority differentiation even though packets are
classified into high and low priority
0
Enable Dropping Tag
0 = disable the drop received tagged packets
1 = enable the drop received tagged packets
Register 178 (0xB2): Reserved
Register 194 (0xC2): Port 1 Control 10
Register 210 (0xD2): Port 2 Control 10
Register 226 (0xE2): Port 3 Control 10
Register 242 (0xF2): Port 4 Control 10
7
Enable Port Transmit Queue 3
Ratio
6−0
Port Transmit Queue 3
Ratio[6:0]
March 4, 2015
0, strict priority, will transmit all the packets from
this priority queue 3 before transmit lower priority
queue.
1, bit [6:0] reflect the packet number allow to
transmit from this priority queue 3 within a certain
time
Packet number for Transmit Queue 3 for highest
priority packets in four queues mode
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Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Register 179 (0xB3): Reserved
Register 195 (0xC3): Port 1 Control 11
Register 211 (0xD3): Port 2 Control 11
Register 227 (0xE3): Port 3 Control 11
Register 243 (0xF3): Port 4 Control 11
7
Enable Port Transmit Queue 2
Ratio
0, strict priority, will transmit all the packets from this
priority queue 2 before transmit lower priority queue.
1, bit [6:0] reflect the packet number allow to transmit
from this priority queue 1 within a certain time
R/W
1
6−0
Port Transmit Queue 2
Ratio[6:0]
Packet number for Transmit Queue 2 for high/low
priority packets in high/low priority packets in four
queues mode
R/W
0000100
7
Enable Port Transmit Queue 1
Rate
0, strict priority, will transmit all the packets from this
priority queue 1 before transmit lower priority queue.
1, bit [6:0] reflect the packet number allow to transmit
from this priority queue 1 within a certain time
R/W
1
6−0
Port Transmit Queue 1
Ratio[6:0]
Packet number for Transmit Queue 1 for low/high
priority packets in four queues mode and high priority
packets in two queues mode
R/W
0000010
7
Enable Port Transmit Queue 0
Rate
0, strict priority, will transmit all the packets from this
priority queue 0 before transmit lower priority queue.
1, bit [6:0] reflect the packet number allow to transmit
from this priority queue 0 within a certain time
R/W
1
6−0
Port Transmit Queue 0
Ratio[6:0]
packet number for Transmit Queue 0 for lowest priority
packets in four queues mode and low priority packets
in two queues mode
R/W
0000001
Register 180 (0xB4): Reserved
Register 196 (0xC4): Port 1 Control 12
Register 212 (0xD4): Port 2 Control 12
Register 228 (0xE4): Port 3 Control 12
Register 244 (0xF4): Port 4 Control 12
Register 181 (0xB5): Reserved
Register 197 (0xC5): Port 1 Control 13
Register 213 (0xD5): Port 2 Control 13
Register 229 (0xE5): Port 3 Control 13
Register 245 (0xF5): Port 4 Control 13
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Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
000
Register 182 (0xB6): Reserved
Register 198 (0xC6): Port 1 Rate Limit Control
Register 214 (0xD6): Port 2 Rate Limit Control
Register 230 (0xE6): Port 3 Rate Limit Control
Register 246 (0xF6): Port 4 Rate Limit Control
7−5
Reserved
4
Ingress Rate Limit Flow
Control Enable
1 = Flow Control is asserted if the port’s receive
rate is exceeded
0 = Flow Control is not asserted if the port’s
receive rate is exceeded
R/W
0
Limit Mode
Ingress Limit Mode
These bits determine what kinds of frames are
limited and counted against ingress rate limiting.
= 00, limit and count all frames
= 01, limit and count Broadcast, Multicast, and
flooded unicast frames
= 10, limit and count Broadcast and Multicast
frames only
= 11, limit and count Broadcast frames only
R/W
00
Count IFG
Count IFG bytes
= 1, each frame’s minimum inter frame gap
(IFG) bytes (12 per frame) are included in Ingress
and Egress rate limiting calculations.
= 0, IFG bytes are not counted.
R/W
0
Count Pre
Count Preamble bytes
= 1, Each frame’s preamble bytes (8 per frame)
are included in Ingress and Egress rate limiting
calculations.
= 0, Preamble bytes are not counted.
R/W
0
RO
0
R/W
0000000
3−2
1
0
Register 183 (0xB7): Reserved
Register 199 (0xC7): Port 1 Priority 0 Ingress Limit Control 1
Register 215 (0xD7): Port 2 Priority 0 Ingress Limit Control 1
Register 231 (0xE7): Port 3 Priority 0 Ingress Limit Control 1
Register 247 (0xF7): Port 4 Priority 0 Ingress Limit Control 1
7
Reserved
6−0
Port-Based Priority 0 Ingress
Limit
March 4, 2015
Ingress data rate limit for priority 0 frames
Ingress traffic from this port is shaped according to
the Data Rate Selected Table. See the table follow
the end of Egress limit control registers
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Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0
R/W
0000000
RO
0
R/W
0000000
RO
0
R/W
0000000
Register 184 (0xB8): Reserved
Register 200 (0xC8): Port 1 Priority 1 Ingress Limit Control 2
Register 216 (0xD8): Port 2 Priority 1 Ingress Limit Control 2
Register 232 (0xE8): Port 3 Priority 1 Ingress Limit Control 2
Register 248 (0xF8): Port 4 Priority 1 Ingress Limit Control 2
7
Reserved
6−0
Port-Based Priority 1 Ingress
Limit
Ingress data rate limit for priority 1 frames
Ingress traffic from this port is shaped according to the
Data Rate Selected Table. See the table follow the end
of Egress limit control registers
Register 185 (0xB9): Reserved
Register 201 (0xC9): Port 1 Priority 2 Ingress Limit Control 3
Register 217 (0xD9): Port 2 Priority 2 Ingress Limit Control 3
Register 233 (0xE9): Port 3 Priority 2 Ingress Limit Control 3
Register 249 (0xF9): Port 4 Priority 2 Ingress Limit Control 3
7
Reserved
6−0
Port Based Priority 2 Ingress
Limit
Ingress data rate limit for priority 2 frames
Ingress traffic from this port is shaped according to the
Data Rate Selected Table. See the table follow the end
of Egress limit control registers
Register 186 (0xBA): Reserved
Register 202 (0xCA): Port 1 Priority 3 Ingress Limit Control 4
Register 218 (0xDA): Port 2 Priority 3 Ingress Limit Control 4
Register 234 (0xEA): Port 3 Priority 3 Ingress Limit Control 4
Register 250 (0xFA): Port 4 Priority 3 Ingress Limit Control 4
7
Reserved
6−0
Port Based Priority 3 Ingress
Limit
March 4, 2015
Ingress data rate limit for priority 3 frames
Ingress traffic from this port is shaped according to the
Data Rate Selected Table. See the table follow the end
of Egress limit control registers
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Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0
R/W
0000000
RO
0
R/W
0000000
RO
0
R/W
0000000
Register 187 (0xBB): Reserved
Register 203 (0xCB): Port 1 Queue 0 Egress Limit Control 1
Register 219 (0xDB): Port 2 Queue 0 Egress Limit Control 1
Register 235 (0xEB): Port 3 Queue 0 Egress Limit Control 1
Register 251 (0xFB): Port 4 Queue 0 Egress Limit Control 1
7
6−0
Reserved
Port Queue 0 Egress Limit
Egress data rate limit for priority 0 frames
Egress traffic from this priority queue is shaped
according to the Data Rate Selected Table. See the
table follow the end of Egress limit control registers.
In four queues mode, it is lowest priority.
In two queues mode, it is low priority.
Register 188 (0xBC): Reserved
Register 204 (0xCC): Port 1 Queue 1 Egress Limit Control 2
Register 220 (0xDC): Port 2 Queue 1 Egress Limit Control 2
Register 236 (0xEC): Port 3 Queue 1 Egress Limit Control 2
Register 252 (0xFC): Port 4 Queue 1 Egress Limit Control 2
7
6−0
Reserved
Port Queue 1 Egress Limit
Egress data rate limit for priority 1 frames
Egress traffic from this priority queue is shaped
according to the Data Rate Selected Table. See the
table follow the end of Egress limit control registers.
In four queues mode, it is low/high priority.
In two queues mode, it is high priority.
Register 189 (0xBD): Reserved
Register 205 (0xCD): Port 1 Queue 2 Egress Limit Control 3
Register 221 (0xDD): Port 2 Queue 2 Egress Limit Control 3
Register 237 (0xED): Port 3 Queue 2 Egress Limit Control 3
Register 253 (0xFD): Port 4 Queue 2 Egress Limit Control 3
7
6−0
Reserved
Port Queue 2 Egress Limit
March 4, 2015
Egress data rate limit for priority 2 frames
Egress traffic from this priority queue is shaped
according to the Data Rate Selected Table. See the
table follow the end of Egress limit control registers.
In four queues mode, it is high/low priority.
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Advanced Control Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Register 190 (0xBE): Reserved
Register 206 (0xCE): Port 1 Queue 3 Egress Limit Control 4
Register 222 (0xDE): Port 2 Queue 3 Egress Limit Control 4
Register 238 (0xEE): Port 3 Queue 3 Egress Limit Control 4
Register 254 (0xFE): Port 4 Queue 3 Egress Limit Control 4 and Chip ID
7
6−0
Reserved and Chip ID
=0 is for the Register 206/222/238
=1 is KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB Chip ID for the
Register 254
RO
0 or 1
Port Queue 3 Egress Limit
Egress data rate limit for priority 3 frames
Egress traffic from this priority queue is shaped
according to the Data Rate Selected Table. See the
table follow the end of Egress limit control registers.
In four queues mode, it is highest priority.
R/W
0000000
(9, 10)
Notes:
9. In the port priority 0-3 ingress rate limit mode, there is a need to set all related ingress/egress ports to two queues or four queues mode.
10. In the port queue 0-3 egress rate limit mode, the highest priority get exact rate limit based on the rate select table, other priorities packets rate are
based up on the ratio of the Register Port Control 10/11/12/13 when use more than one egress queue per port.
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Data Rate Selection in 100BT
Table 11. 100BT Rate Selection for the Rate Limit
Priority/Queue 0-3 Ingress/Egress Limit
Control Register bit [6:0] = Decimal
Rate for 100BT Mode
1Mbps <= rate <= 99Mbps
Rate(decimal integer 1-99)
Rate = 100Mbps
0 or 100 (decimal), ‘0’ is default value
Less than 1Mbps see as below:
Decimal
64Kbps
7’d101
128Kbps
7’d102
192Kbps
7’d103
256Kbps
7’d104
320Kbps
7’d105
384Kbps
7’d106
448Kbps
7’d107
512Kbps
7’d108
576Kbps
7’d109
640Kbps
7’d110
704Kbps
7’d111
768Kbps
7’d112
832Kbps
7’d113
896Kbps
7’d114
960Kbps
7’d115
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Data Rate Selection in 10BT
Table 12. 10BT Rate Selection for the Rate Limit
Priority/Queue 0-3 Ingress/Egress Limit
Control Register bit [6:0] = Decimal
Rate for 10BT Mode
1Mbps <= rate <= 9Mbps
Rate(decimal integer 1-9)
Rate = 10Mbps
0 or 10 (decimal), ‘0’ is default value
Less than 1Mbps see as below:
Decimal
64Kbps
7’d101
128Kbps
7’d102
192Kbps
7’d103
256Kbps
7’d104
320Kbps
7’d105
384Kbps
7’d106
448Kbps
7’d107
512Kbps
7’d108
576Kbps
7’d109
640Kbps
7’d110
704Kbps
7’d111
768Kbps
7’d112
832Kbps
7’d113
896Kbps
7’d114
960Kbps
7’d115
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Address
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0x80
Register 191(0xBF): Testing Register
7−0
Reserved
N/A
Register 207(0xCF): Port3 Control Register 1
7
Port 3 MAC3 SW3-MII/RMII
half duplex mode
1, enable SW3-MII/RMII interface half duplex mode
0, enable SW3-MII/RMII interface full duplex mode
(Default)
R/W
0
6
Port 3 MAC3 SW3-MII/RMII
flow control enable
1, enable full duplex flow control on SW3-MII/RMII
interface
0, disable full duplex flow control on SW3-MII/RMII
interface (Default)
R/W
0
5
Port 3 MAC3 SW3-MII/RMII
speed setting
1, Port 3 SW3-MII/RMII interface speed at 10BT.
0, Port 3 SW3-MII/RMII interface speed at 100BT
(Default)
R/W
0
4−0
Reserved
N/A, Do not change.
RO
0x15
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Register 223(0xDF): Port3 Control Register 2
7
Reserved
Reserved
RO
0
6
Select Switch Port 3 MAC 3
SW3-MII interface mode
1, Select Switch Port 3 MAC3 interface as MAC
mode.
0, Select Switch Port 3 MAC3 interface as PHY
mode (default).
R/W
0
5−0
Reserved
N/A, Do not change.
RO
0x2C
N/A, Do not change.
RO
0x32
N/A, Do not change.
RO
0x00
Register 239(0xEF): Test Register 3
7−0
Reserved
Register 255(0xFF): Test Register 4
7-0
Reserved
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Static MAC Address Table
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB has a static and a dynamic address table. When a DA look-up is requested, both tables will be
searched to make a packet forwarding decision. When an SA look-up is requested, only the dynamic table is searched for
aging, migration, and learning purposes. The static DA look-up result will have precedence over the dynamic DA look-up
result. If there are DA matches in both tables, the result from the static table will be used. The static table can only be
accessed and controlled by an external SPI master (usually a processor). The entries in the static table will not be aged
out by KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB. An external device does all addition, modification and deletion.
Note:
Register bit assignments are different for static MAC table reads and static MAC table write, as shown in Tables 13 and 14.
Table 13. Format of Static MAC Table for Reads
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Format of Static MAC Table for Reads (32 entries)
63 − 57
FID
Filter VLAN ID, representing one of the 128 active
VLANs
RO
0000000
56
Use FID
1, use (FID+MAC) to look-up in static table.
0, use MAC only to look-up in static table.
RO
0
55
Reserved
Reserved.
RO
N/A
54
Override
1, override spanning tree “transmit enable = 0” or
“receive enable = 0* setting. This bit is used for
spanning tree implementation.
0, no override.
RO
0
53
Valid
1, this entry is valid, the look-up result will be used.
0, this entry is not valid.
RO
0
52 − 48
Forwarding Ports
The 5 bits control the forward ports, example:
00001, Reserved
00010, forward to Port 1
…..
10000, forward to Port 4
00110, forward to Port 1 and Port 2
11111, broadcasting (excluding the ingress port)
RO
00000
47 − 0
MAC Address (DA)
48 bit MAC address.
RO
0x0
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Table 14. Format of Static MAC Table for Writes
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Format of Static MAC Table for Writes (32 entries)
62 − 56
FID
Filter VLAN ID, representing one of the 128 active
VLANs.
W
0000000
55
Use FID
1, use (FID+MAC) to look-up in static table.
0, use MAC only to look-up in static table.
W
0
54
Override
1, override spanning tree “transmit enable = 0” or
“receive enable = 0” setting. This bit is used for
spanning tree implementation.
0, no override.
W
0
53
Valid
1, this entry is valid, the look-up result will be used.
0, this entry is not valid.
W
0
52 − 48
Forwarding Ports
The 5 bits control the forward ports, example:
00001, Reserved
00010, forward to port 1
…..
10000, forward to port 4
00110, forward to port 1 and port 2
11111, broadcasting (excluding the ingress port)
W
00000
47 − 0
MAC Address (DA)
48-bit MAC address.
W
0x0
Examples:
1. Static Address Table Read (read the 2nd entry)
Write to Register 110 with 0x10 (read static table selected)
Write to Register 111 with 0x1 (trigger the read operation)
Then
Read Register 113 (63-56)
Read Register 114 (55-48)
Read Register 115 (47-40)
Read Register 116 (39-32)
Read Register 117 (31-24)
Read Register 118 (23-16)
Read Register 119 (15-8)
Read Register 120 (7-0)
2. Static Address Table Write (write the 8th entry)
Write to Register 110 with 0x10 (read static table selected)
Write Register 113 (62-56)
Write Register 114 (55-48)
Write Register 115 (47-40)
Write Register 116 (39-32)
Write Register 117 (31-24)
Write Register 118 (23-16)
Write Register 119 (15-8)
Write Register 120 (7-0)
Write to Register 110 with 0x00 (write static table selected)
Write to Register 111 with 0x7 (trigger the write operation)
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VLAN Table
The VLAN table is used for VLAN table look-up. If 802.1q VLAN mode is enabled (Register 5 bit 7 = 1), this table is used
to retrieve VLAN information that is associated with the ingress packet. There are three fields for FID (filter ID), Valid, and
VLAN membership in the VLAN table. The three fields must be initialized before the table is used. There is no VID field
because 4096 VIDs are used as a dedicated memory address index into a 1024x52-bit memory space. Each entry has
four VLANs. Each VLAN has 13 bits. Four VLANs need 52 bits. There are a total of 1024 entries to support a total of
4096 VLAN IDs by using dedicated memory address and data bits. Refer to Table 17 for details. FID has 7-bits to support
128 active VLANs.
Table 15. VLAN Table
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Initial Value Suggestion
Format of Static VLAN Table (Support Max 4096 VLAN ID entries and 128 Active VLANs)
12
11 − 7
6−0
Valid
1, the entry is valid.
0, entry is invalid.
R/W
0
Membership
Specifies which ports are members of the VLAN.
If a DA look-up fails (no match in both static and dynamic
tables), the packet associated with this VLAN will be
forwarded to ports specified in this field.
E.g., 11010 means Ports 4, 3, and 1 are in this VLAN.
Last bit7 is reserved
R/W
11111
FID
Filter ID. KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB supports 128 active
VLANs represented by these seven bit fields. FID is the
mapped ID. If 802.1q VLAN is enabled, the look-up will be
based on FID+DA and FID+SA.
R/W
0
If 802.1q VLAN mode is enabled, KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB assigns a VID to every ingress packet when the packet is
untagged or tagged with a null VID, the packet is assigned with the default port VID of the ingress port. If the packet is
tagged with non-null VID, the VID in the tag is used. The look-up process starts from the VLAN table look-up based on
VID number with its dedicated memory address and data bits. If the entry is not valid in the VLAN table, the packet is
dropped and no address learning occurs. If the entry is valid, the FID is retrieved. The FID+DA and FID+SA lookups in
MAC tables are performed. The FID+DA look-up determines the forwarding ports. If FID+DA fails for look-up in the MAC
table, the packet is broadcast to all the members or specified members (excluding the ingress port) based on the VLAN
table. If FID+SA fails, the FID+SA is learned. To communicate between different active VLANs, set the same FID;
otherwise set a different FID.
The VLAN table configuration is organized as 1024 VLAN sets, each VLAN set consists of 4 VLAN entries, to support up
to 4096 VLAN entries. Each VLAN set has 52 bits and should be read or written at the same time specified by the indirect
address.
The VLAN entries in the VLAN set is mapped to indirect data registers as follow:
•
Entry0[12:0] maps to the VLAN set bits [12-0] {Register119[4:0], Register120[7:0]}
•
Entry1[12:0] maps to the VLAN set bits [25-13]{Register117[1:0], Register118[7:0], Register119[7:5]}
•
Entry2[12:0] maps to the VLAN set bits [38-26]{Register116[6:0], Register117[7:2]}
•
Entry3[12:0] maps to the VLAN set bits [51-39]{Register114[3:0], Register115[7:0], Register116[7]}
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In order to read one VLAN entry, the VLAN set is read first and the specific VLAN entry information can be extracted. To
update any VLAN entry, the VLAN set is read first then only the desired VLAN entry is updated and the whole VLAN set is
written back. Due to FID in VLAN table is 7-bit, so the VLAN table supports unique 128 flow VLAN groups. Each VLAN set
address is 10 bits long (Maximum is 1024) in the indirect address Register 110 and 111, the bits [9-8] of VLAN set
address is at bits [1-0] of Register 110, and the bit [7-0] of VLAN set address is at bits [7-0] of Register 111. Each Write
and Read can access to four consecutive VLAN entries.
Examples:
1. VLAN Table Read (read the VID=2 entry)
Write the indirect control and address registers first
Write to Register 110 (0x6E) with 0x14 (read VLAN table selected)
Write to Register 111 (0x6F) with 0x0 (trigger the read operation for VID=0, 1, 2, 3 entries)
Then read the indirect data registers bits [38-26] for VID=2 entry:
Read Register 116 (0x74), (Register116 [6:0] are bits 12-6 of VLAN VID=2 entry)
Read Register 117 (0x75), (Register117 [7:2] are bits 5-0 of VLAN VID=2 entry)
2. VLAN Table Write (write the VID=10 entry)
Read the VLAN set that contains VID=8, 9, 10, 11.
Write to Register 110 (0x6E) with 0x14 (read VLAN table selected)
Write to Register 111 (0x6F) with 0x02 (trigger the read operation and VID=8, 9, 10, 11 indirect address)
Read the VLAN set first by the indirect data Registers 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, and 120.
Modify the indirect data registers bits [38-26] by the Register 116 bit [6-0] and Register 117 bit [7-2] as
follows:
Write to Register 116 (0x74), (Register116 [6:0] are bits 12-6 of VLAN VID=10 entry)
Write to Register 117 (0x75), (Register117 [7:2] are bits 5-0 of VLAN VID=10 entry)
Then write the indirect control and address registers:
Write to Register 110 (0x6E) with 0x04 (write VLAN table selected)
Write to Register 111 (0x6F) with 0x02 (trigger the write operation and VID=8, 9, 10, 11 indirect address)
Table 16 illustrates the relationship of the indirect address/data registers and VLAN ID.
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Table 16. VLAN ID and Indirect Registers
Indirect Address
High/Low bit [9-0]
for VLAN Sets
Indirect Data Registers
Bits for Each VLAN Entry
VID
Numbers
VID bit [12-2] in VLAN Tag
VID bit [1-0] in VLAN Tag
0
Bits [12-0]
0
0
0
0
Bits [25-13]
1
0
1
0
Bits [38-26]
2
0
2
0
Bits [51-39]
3
0
3
1
Bits [12-0]
4
1
0
1
Bits [25-13]
5
1
1
1
Bits [38-26]
6
1
2
1
Bits [51-39]
7
1
3
2
Bits [12-0]
8
2
0
2
Bits [25-13]
9
2
1
2
Bits [38-26]
10
2
2
2
Bits [51-39]
11
2
3
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1023
Bits [12-0]
4092
1023
0
1023
Bits [25-13]
4093
1023
1
1023
Bits [38-26]
4094
1023
2
1023
Bits [51-39]
4095
1023
3
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Dynamic MAC Address Table
Table 17 is read-only. The contents are maintained only by the KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB.
Table 17. Dynamic MAC Address Table
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Format of Dynamic MAC Address Table (1K entries)
MAC Empty
1, there is no valid entry in the table.
0, there are valid entries in the table.
RO
1
70 − 61
Number of Valid Entries
Indicates how many valid entries in the table.
0x3ff means 1K entries
0x1 and bit 71 = 0: means 2 entries
0x0 and bit 71 = 0: means 1 entry
0x0 and bit 71 = 1: means 0 entry
RO
0
60 − 59
Time Stamp
2-bit counters for internal aging
RO
58 − 56
Source Port
The source port where FID+MAC is learned.
000 Port 1
001 Port 2
010 Port 3
011 Port 4
100 Port 5
RO
55
Data Ready
1, The entry is not ready, retry until this bit is set to 0.
0, The entry is ready.
RO
54 − 48
FID
Filter ID.
RO
0x0
47 − 0
MAC Address
48-bit MAC address.
RO
0x0
71
0x0
Examples:
1. Dynamic MAC Address Table Read (read the 1st entry), and retrieve the MAC table size
Write to Register 110 with 0x18 (read dynamic table selected)
Write to Register 111 with 0x0 (trigger the read operation) and then
Read Register 112 (71-64)
Read Register 113 (63-56); // the above two registers show # of entries
Read Register 114 (55-48) // if bit 55 is 1, restart (reread) from this register
Read Register 115 (47-40)
Read Register 116 (39-32)
Read Register 117 (31-24)
Read Register 118 (23-16)
Read Register 119 (15-8)
Read Register 120 (7-0)
2. Dynamic MAC Address Table Read (read the 257th entry), without retrieving # of entries information
Write to Register 110 with 0x19 (read dynamic table selected)
Write to Register 111 with 0x1 (trigger the read operation) and then
Read Register 112 (71-64)
Read Register 113 (63-56)
Read Register 114 (55-48) // if bit 55 is 1, restart (reread) from this register
Read Register 115 (47-40)
Read Register 116 (39-32)
Read Register 117 (31-24)
Read Register 118 (23-16)
Read Register 119 (15-8)
Read Register 120 (7-0)
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MIB (Management Information Base) Counters
The MIB counters are provided on per port basis. These counters are read using indirect memory access as noted in the
following tables:
For Port 1
Offset
Counter Name
Description
0x20
RxLoPriorityByte
Rx lo-priority (default) octet count including bad packets.
0x21
RxHiPriorityByte
Rx hi-priority octet count including bad packets.
0x22
RxUndersizePkt
Rx undersize packets w/good CRC.
0x23
RxFragments
Rx fragment packets w/bad CRC, symbol errors or alignment errors.
0x24
RxOversize
Rx oversize packets w/good CRC (max: 1536 or 1522 bytes).
0x25
RxJabbers
Rx packets longer than 1522B w/either CRC errors, alignment errors, or symbol errors (depends
on max packet size setting) or Rx packets longer than 1916B only.
0x26
RxSymbolError
Rx packets w/ invalid data symbol and legal preamble, packet size.
0x27
RxCRCerror
Rx packets within (64, 1522) bytes w/an integral number of bytes and a bad CRC (upper limit
depends up on max packet size setting).
0x28
RxAlignmentError
Rx packets within (64, 1522) bytes w/a non-integral number of bytes and a bad CRC (upper limit
depends on max packet size setting).
0x29
RxControl8808Pkts
The number of MAC control frames received by a port with 88-08h in Ether Type field.
0x2A
RxPausePkts
The number of PAUSE frames received by a port. PAUSE frame is qualified with EtherType (8808h), DA, control opcode (00-01), data length (64B min), and a valid CRC.
0x2B
RxBroadcast
Rx good broadcast packets (not including errored broadcast packets or valid multicast packets).
0x2C
RxMulticast
Rx good multicast packets (not including MAC control frames, errored multicast packets or valid
broadcast packets).
0x2D
RxUnicast
Rx good unicast packets.
0x2E
Rx64Octets
Total Rx packets (bad packets included) that were 64 octets in length.
0x2F
Rx65to127Octets
Total Rx packets (bad packets included) that are between 65 and 127 octets in length.
0x30
Rx128to255Octets
Total Rx packets (bad packets included) that are between 128 and 255 octets in length.
0x31
Rx256to511Octets
Total Rx packets (bad packets included) that are between 256 and 511 octets in length.
0x32
Rx512to1023Octets
Total Rx packets (bad packets included) that are between 512 and 1023 octets in length.
0x33
Rx1024to1522Octets
Total Rx packets (bad packets included) that are between 1024 and 1522 octets in length (upper
limit depends on max packet size setting).
0x34
TxLoPriorityByte
Tx lo-priority good octet count, including PAUSE packets.
0x35
TxHiPriorityByte
Tx hi-priority good octet count, including PAUSE packets.
0x36
TxLateCollision
The number of times a collision is detected later than 512 bit-times into the Tx of a packet.
0x37
TxPausePkts
The number of PAUSE frames transmitted by a port.
0x38
TxBroadcastPkts
Tx good broadcast packets (not including errored broadcast or valid multicast packets).
0x39
TxMulticastPkts
Tx good multicast packets (not including errored multicast packets or valid broadcast packets).
0x3A
TxUnicastPkts
Tx good unicast packets.
0x3B
TxDeferred
Tx packets by a port for which the 1st Tx attempt is delayed due to the busy medium.
0x3C
TxTotalCollision
Tx total collision, half-duplex only.
0x3D
TxExcessiveCollision
A count of frames for which Tx fails due to excessive collisions.
0x3E
TxSingleCollision
Successfully Tx frames on a port for which Tx is inhibited by exactly one collision.
0x3F
TxMultipleCollision
Successfully Tx frames on a port for which Tx is inhibited by more than one collision.
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For Port 2, the base is 0x40, same offset definition (0x40-0x5f)
For Port 3, the base is 0x60, same offset definition (0x60-0x7f)
For Port 4, the base is 0x80, same offset definition (0x80-0x9f)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Format of Per Port MIB Counters (16 entries)
31
Overflow
1, Counter overflow.
0, No Counter overflow.
RO
0
30
Count Valid
1, Counter value is valid.
0, Counter value is not valid.
RO
0
29 − 0
Counter Values
Counter value.
RO
0
All Ports Dropped Packet MIB Counters
Offset
Counter Name
Description
0x100
Reserved
Reserved.
0x101
Port1 Tx Drop Packets
Tx packets dropped due to lack of resources.
0x102
Port2 Tx Drop Packets
Tx packets dropped due to lack of resources.
0x103
Port3 Tx Drop Packets
Tx packets dropped due to lack of resources.
0x104
Port4 Tx Drop Packets
Tx packets dropped due to lack of resources.
0x105
Reserved
Reserved
0x106
Port1 Rx Drop Packets
Rx packets dropped due to lack of resources.
0x107
Port2 Rx Drop Packets
Rx packets dropped due to lack of resources.
0x108
Port3 Rx Drop Packets
Rx packets dropped due to lack of resources.
0x109
Port4 Rx Drop Packets
Rx packets dropped due to lack of resources.
Format of “All Dropped Packet” MIB Counter
Address
(11)
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Format of All Port Dropped Packet MIB Counters
30 − 16
Reserved
Reserved.
N/A
N/A
15 − 0
Counter Values
Counter Value
RO
0
Note:
11. All port dropped packet MIB counters do not indicate overflow or validity; therefore the application must keep track of overflow and valid conditions.
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The KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB provides a total of 34 MIB counter per port. These counter are used to monitor the port detail
activity for network management and maintenance. These MIB counters are read using indirect memory access as
illustrated in the following examples:
(12)
Programming Examples:
1. MIB counter read (read port 1 Rx64Octets counter)
Write to Register 110 with 0x1c (read MIB counters selected)
Write to Register 111 with 0x2e (trigger the read operation)
Then
Read Register 117 (counter value 31-24)
// If bit 31 = 1, there was a counter overflow
// If bit 30 = 0, restart (reread) from this register
Read Register 118 (counter value 23-16)
Read Register 119 (counter value 15-8)
Read Register 120 (counter value 7-0)
2. MIB counter read (read port 2 Rx64Octets counter)
Write to Register 110 with 0x1c (read MIB counter selected)
Write to Register 111 with 0x4e (trigger the read operation)
Then
Read Register 117 (counter value 31-24)
//If bit 31 = 1, there was a counter overflow
//If bit 30 = 0, restart (reread) from this register
Read Register 118 (counter value 23-16)
Read Register 119 (counter value 15-8)
Read Register 120 (counter value 7-0)
3. MIB counter read (read port 1 tx drop packets)
Write to Register 110 with 0x1d
Write to Register 111 with 0x01
Then
Read Register 119 (counter value 15-8)
Read Register 120 (counter value 7-0)
Note:
12. To read out all the counters, the best performance over the SPI bus is (160+3) × 8 × 80 = 104us, where there are 255 registers, three overhead,
eight clocks per access, at 12.5MHz. In the heaviest condition, the byte counter will overflow in two minutes. It is recommended that the software
read all the counters at least every 30 seconds. The per port MIB counters are designed as “read clear.” A per port MIB counter will be cleared after
it is accessed. All port dropped packet MIB counters are not cleared after they are accessed. The application needs to keep track of overflow and
valid conditions on these counters.
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MIIM Registers
All the registers defined in this section can be also accessed via the SPI interface. Note: different mapping mechanisms
used for MIIM and SPI. The “PHYAD” defined in KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB is assigned as “0x2” for port 1, “0x3” for port 2.
The “PHYAD” of 0x1, 0x4 and 0x5 are reserved for this device, an external PHY can use other PHY address (PHYAD)
from 0x6. The “REGAD” supported are 0x0-0x5 (0h-5h), 0x1D (1dh) and 0x1F (1fh).
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
Soft Reset
1, PHY soft reset.
0, Normal operation.
R/W
(SC)
0
14
Loop Back
1 = Perform MAC loopback, loop back path as follows:
Assume the loop-back is at port 1 MAC, port 2 is the
monitor port.
Port 1 MAC Loopback (port 1 reg. 0, bit 14 = ‘1’)
Start: RXP2/RXM2 (port 2). Can also start from port 3,
4, 5
Loopback: MAC/PHY interface of port 1’s MAC
End: TXP2/TXM2 (port 2). Can also end at port 3, 4, 5
respectively
Setting address ox3, 4, 5 reg. 0, bit 14 = ‘1’ will perform
MAC loopback on port 3, 4, 5 respectively.
0 = Normal Operation.
R/W
0
13
Force 100
1, 100Mbps.
0, 10Mbps.
R/W
1
12
AN Enable
1, Auto-negotiation enabled.
0, Auto-negotiation disabled.
R/W
1
11
Power Down
1, Power down.
0, Normal operation.
R/W
0
10
PHY Isolate
1, Electrical PHY isolation of PHY from Tx+/Tx-.
0, Normal operation.
R/W
0
9
Restart AN
1, Restart Auto-negotiation.
0, Normal operation.
R/W
0
8
Force Full Duplex
1, Full duplex.
0, Half duplex.
R/W
0
7
Collision Test
Not supported.
RO
0
6
Reserved
RO
0
5
Hp_mdix
1 = HP Auto MDI/MDI-X mode
0 = Micrel Auto MDI/MDI-X mode
R/W
1
4
Force MDI
1, Force MDI if disables Auto MDI/MDI-X.
0, Force MDI-X if disables Auto MDI/MDI-X.
R/W
0
3
Disable Auto MDI/MDI-X
1, Disable Auto MDI/MDI-X.
0, Enable Auto MDI/MDI-X.
R/W
0
Register 0h: MII Control
15
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MIIM Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
2
Disable far End fault
1, Disable far end fault detection.
0, Normal operation.
R/W
0
1
Disable Transmit
1, Disable transmits.
0, Normal operation.
R/W
0
0
Disable LED
1, Disable LED.
0, Normal operation.
R/W
0
Register 1h: MII Status
15
T4 Capable
0, Not 100 BASET4 capable.
RO
0
14
100 Full Capable
1, 100BASE-TX full-duplex capable.
0, Not capable of 100BASE-TX full-duplex.
RO
1
13
100 Half Capable
1, 100BASE-TX half-duplex capable.
0, Not 100BASE-TX half-duplex capable.
RO
1
12
10 Full Capable
1, 10BASE-T full-duplex capable.
0, Not 10BASE-T full-duplex capable.
RO
1
11
10 Half Capable
1, 10BASE-T half-duplex capable.
0, 10BASE-T half-duplex capable.
RO
1
10 − 7
Reserved
RO
0
6
Preamble Suppressed
Not supported.
RO
0
5
AN Complete
1, Auto-negotiation complete.
0, Auto-negotiation not completed.
RO
0
4
far End fault
1, far end fault detected.
0, No far end fault detected.
RO
0
3
AN Capable
1, Auto-negotiation capable.
0, Not auto-negotiation capable.
RO
1
2
Link Status
1, Link is up.
0, Link is down.
RO
0
1
Jabber Test
Not supported.
RO
0
0
Extended Capable
0, Not extended register capable.
RO
0
High order PHYID bits.
RO
0x0022
Low order PHYID bits.
RO
0x1450
Not supported.
RO
0
RO
0
RO
0
Register 2h: PHYID HIGH
15 − 0
Phyid High
Register 3h: PHYID LOW
15 − 0
Phyid Low
Register 4h: Advertisement Ability
15
Next Page
14
Reserved
13
Remote fault
March 4, 2015
Not supported.
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MIIM Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
12 − 11
Reserved
10
Pause
9
Reserved
8
Adv 100 Full
7
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0
R/W
1
R/W
0
1, Advertise 100 full-duplex ability.
0, Do not advertise 100 full-duplex ability.
R/W
1
Adv 100 Half
1, Advertise 100 half-duplex ability.
0, Do not advertise 100 half-duplex ability.
R/W
1
6
Adv 10 Full
1, Advertise 10 full-duplex ability.
0, Do not advertise 10 full-duplex ability.
R/W
1
5
Adv 10 Half
1, Advertise 10 half-duplex ability.
0, Do not advertise 10 half-duplex ability.
R/W
1
4−0
Selector Field
802.3
RO
00001
1, Advertise pause ability.
0, Do not advertise pause ability.
Register 5h: Link Partner Ability
15
Next Page
Not supported.
RO
0
14
LP ACK
Not supported.
RO
0
13
Remote fault
Not supported.
RO
0
12 − 11
Reserved
RO
0
10
Pause
RO
0
9
Reserved
RO
0
8
Adv 100 Full
1, link partner 100BT full-duplex capable.
0, link partner not 100BT full-duplex capable.
RO
0
7
Adv 100 Half
1, link partner 100BT half-duplex capable.
0, link partner not 100BT half-duplex capable.
RO
0
6
Adv 10 Full
1, link partner 10BT full-duplex capable.
0, link partner not 10BT full-duplex capable.
RO
0
5
Adv 10 Half
1, link partner 10BT half-duplex capable.
0, link partner not 10BT half-duplex capable.
RO
0
4−0
Reserved
RO
00001
1, link partner flow control capable.
0, link partner not flow control capable.
Register 1dh: Reserved
15
Reserved
RO
0
14 − 13
Reserved
RO
00
12
Reserved
RO
0
11 − 9
Reserved
RO
0
8−0
Reserved
RO
000000000
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MIIM Registers (Continued)
Address
Name
Description
Mode
Default
RO
0000000000
RO
000
Register 1fh: PHY Special Control/Status
15 − 11
Reserved
10 − 8
Port Operation Mode
Indication
Indicate the current state of port operation mode:
[000] = reserved.
[001] = still in auto-negotiation.
[010] = 10BASE-T half duplex.
[011] = 100BASE-TX half duplex.
[100] = reserved.
[101] = 10BASE-T full duplex.
[110] = 100BASE-TX full duplex.
[111] = PHY/MII isolate.
7−6
Reserved
N/A, Do not change.
R/W
xx
5
Polrvs
1 = Polarity is reversed.
0 = Polarity is not reversed.
RO
0
4
MDI-X status
1 = MDI
0 = MDI-X
RO
0
1 = Force link pass.
0 = Normal operation.
R/W
0
Pwrsave
1 = Enable power save.
0 = Disable power save.
R/W
0
1
Remote Loopback
1 = Perform Remote loopback, loop back path as
follows:
Port 1 (PHY ID address 0x1 reg. 1f, bit 1 = ‘1’)
Start: RXP1/RXM1 (port 1)
Loopback: PMD/PMA of port 1’s PHY
End: TXP1/TXM1 (port 1)
Setting PHY ID address 0x2,3,4,5 reg. 1f, bit 1 = ‘1’ will
perform remote loopback on port 2, 3, 4, 5.
0 = Normal Operation.
R/W
0
0
Reserved
RO
0
3
2
Force_lnk
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Absolute Maximum Ratings(13)
Operating Ratings(14)
Supply Voltage
(VDDAR, VDDC) .......................................... –0.5V to +2.4V
(VDDAT, VDDIO). ........................................ –0.5V to +4.0V
Input Voltage ................................................ –0.5V to +4.0V
Output Voltageq ........................................... –0.5V to +4.0V
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) ............................ 260°C
Storage Temperature (Ts)......................... –55°C to +150°C
(15)
HBM ESD Rating ....................................................... 5kV
Supply Voltage
(VDDAR, VDDC) .................................. +1.140V to +1.260V
(VDDAT). ........................................... +3.135V to +3.465V
(VDDIO @ 3.3V) ............................... +3.135V to +3.465V
(VDDIO @ 2.5V) ............................... +2.375V to +2.625V
(VDDIO @ 1.8V) ............................... +1.710V to +1.890V
Ambient Temperature (TA)
Commercial............................................... 0°C to +70°C
Industrial ............................................... –40°C to +85°C
Maximum Junction Temperature (TJ)....................... +125°C
(16)
Package Thermal Resistance
(θJA) ............................................................... 31.96°C/W
(θJC) ............................................................... 13.54°C/W
Electrical Characteristics(17)
VIN = 1.2V/3.3V (typical); TA = 25°C.
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
100BASE-TX Operation—All Ports 100% Utilization
IDX
100BASE-TX (Transmitter) 3.3V Analog
VDDAT
38
mA
IDda
100BASE-TX 1.2V Analog
VDDAR
13
mA
IDDc
100BASE-TX 1.2V Digital
VDDC
41
mA
IDDIO
100BASE-TX (Digital IO) 3.3V Digital
VDDIO (SW3/4-MII/RMII)
27
mA
10BASE-T Operation —All Ports 100% Utilization
IDX
10BASE-T (Transmitter) 3.3V Analog
VDDAT
48
mA
IDda
10BASE-T 1.2V Analog
VDDAR
8
mA
IDDc
10BASE-T 1.2V Digital
VDDC
41
mA
IDDIO
10BASE-T (Digital IO) 3.3V Digital
VDDIO (SW3/4-MII/RMII)
28
mA
Auto-Negotiation Mode
IDX
10BASE-T (Transmitter) 3.3V Analog
VDDAT
25
mA
IDda
10BASE-T 1.2V Analog
VDDAR
13
mA
IEDM
10BASE-T 1.2V Digital
VDDC
42
mA
IDDIO
10BASE-T (Digital IO) 3.3V Digital
VDDIO (SW3/4-MII/RMII)
28
mA
Notes:
13. Exceeding the absolute maximum ratings may damage the device.
14. The device is not guaranteed to function outside its operating ratings. Unused inputs must always be tied to an appropriate logic voltage level
(ground or VDD).
15. Devices are ESD sensitive. Handling precautions are recommended. Human body model, 1.5kΩ in series with 100pF.
16. No heat spreader in package. The thermal junction to ambient (θJA) and the thermal junction to case (θJC) are under air velocity 0m/s.
17. Specification for packaged product only. There is no an additional transformer consumption due to use on chip termination technology with internal
biasing for 10Bese-T and 100Base-TX.
18. Measurements were taken with operating ratings.
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KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Electrical Characteristics(17) (Continued)
VIN = 1.2V/3.3V (typical); TA = 25°C.
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
Power Management Mode
IPSM1
Power Saving Mode 3.3V
VDDAT + VDDIO
45
mA
IPSM2
Power Saving Mode 1.2V
VDDAR + VDDC
49
mA
ISPDM1
Soft Power Down Mode 3.3V
VDDAT + VDDIO
15
mA
ISPDM2
Soft Power Down Mode 1.2V
VDDAR + VDDC
1
mA
IEDM1
Energy-Detect Mode + PLL
Off 3.3V
VDDAT + VDDIO
35
mA
IEDM2
Energy-Detect Mode + PLL
Off 1.2V
VDDAR + VDDC
44
mA
CMOS Inputs
VIH
Input High Voltage
(VDDIO = 3.3/2.5/1.8V)
VIL
Input Low Voltage
(VDDIO = 3.3/2.5/1.8V)
IIN
Input Current
(Excluding Pull-Up/Pull-Down)
2.0/1.8/1.3
VIN = GND ~ VDDIO
V
–10
0.8/0.7/0.5
V
10
µA
CMOS Outputs
VOH
Output High Voltage
(VDDIO = 3.3/2.5/1.8V)
IOH = –8mA
VOL
Output Low Voltage
(VDDIO = 3.3/2.5/1.8V)
IOL = 8mA
IOZ
Output Tri-State Leakage
VIN = GND ~ VDDIO
2.4/2.0/1.5
V
0.4/0.4/0.3
V
10
µA
1.05
V
2
%
100BASE-TX Transmit (measured differentially after 1:1 transformer)
VO
Peak Differential Output Voltage
100Ω termination on the
differential output
VIMB
Output Voltage Imbalance
100Ω termination on the
differential output
tr tt
0.95
Rise/Fall Time
3
5
ns
Rise/Fall Time Imbalance
0
0.5
ns
±0.5
ns
5
%
Duty Cycle Distortion
Overshoot
Output Jitters
Peak-to-peak
0
0.75
1.4
ns
300
400
585
mV
2.5
2.8
V
1.4
3.5
ns
28
30
ns
10BASE-T Receive
VSQ
Squelch Threshold
5MHz square wave
10BASE-T Transmit (measured differentially after 1:1 transformer) VDDAT = 3.3V
VP
Peak Differential Output Voltage
100Ω termination on the
differential output
Output Jitters
Peak-to-peak
Rise/fall Times
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KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Timing Diagrams
EEPROM Timing
Figure 13. EEPROM Interface Input Receive Timing Diagram
Figure 14. EEPROM Interface Output Transmit Timing Diagram
Table 18. EEPROM Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
tCYC1
Clock Cycle
tS1
Set-Up Time
20
ns
tH1
Hold Time
20
ns
tOV1
Output Valid
March 4, 2015
Min.
Typ.
Max.
16384
4096
97
4112
Units
ns
4128
ns
Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
MII Timing
Figure 15. MAC Mode MII Timing – Data Received from MII
Figure 16. MAC Mode MII Timing – Data Transmitted from MII
Table 19. MAC Mode MII Timing Parameters
10Base-T/100Base-TX
Symbol
Parameter
tCYC3
Clock Cycle
tS3
Set-Up Time
10
ns
tH3
Hold Time
5
ns
tOV3
Output Valid
3
March 4, 2015
Min.
Typ.
Max.
400/40
9
98
Units
ns
25
ns
Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
MII Timing (Continued)
Figure 17. PHY Mode MII Timing – Data Received from MII
Figure 18. PHY Mode MII Timing – Data Transmitted from MII
Table 20. PHY Mode MII Timing Parameters
10BaseT/100BaseT
Symbol
Parameter
tCYC4
Clock Cycle
tS4
Set-Up Time
10
ns
tH4
Hold Time
0
ns
tOV4
Output Valid
16
March 4, 2015
Min.
Typ.
Max.
400/40
20
99
Units
ns
25
ns
Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
RMII Timing
Figure 19. RMII Timing – Data Received from RMII
Figure 20. RMII Timing – Data Transmitted to RMII
Table 21. RMII Timing Parameters
Timing Parameter
Description
tcyc
Clock Cycle
t1
Setup Time
4
ns
t2
Hold Time
2
ns
tod
Output Delay
3
March 4, 2015
Min.
Typ.
Max.
20
ns
14
100
Unit
ns
Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
SPI Timing
Figure 21. SPI Input Timing
Table 22. SPI Input Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
fC
Clock Frequency
tCHSL
SPIS_N Inactive Hold Time
10
ns
tSLCH
SPIS_N Active Set-Up Time
10
ns
tCHSH
SPIS_N Active Hold Time
10
ns
tSHCH
SPIS_N Inactive Set-Up Time
10
ns
tSHSL
SPIS_N Deselect Time
20
ns
tDVCH
Data Input Set-Up Time
5
ns
tCHDX
Data Input Hold Time
5
ns
tCLCH
Clock Rise Time
1
µs
tCHCL
Clock fall Time
1
µs
tDLDH
Data Input Rise Time
1
µs
tDHDL
Data Input fall Time
1
µs
March 4, 2015
Min.
101
Typ.
Max.
Units
25
MHz
Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
SPI Timing (Continued)
Figure 22. SPI Output Timing
Table 23. SPI Output Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
fC
Clock Frequency
tCLQX
SPIQ Hold Time
tCLQV
Clock Low to SPIQ Valid
tCH
Clock High Time
18
ns
tCL
Clock Low Time
18
ns
tQLQH
SPIQ Rise Time
50
ns
tQHQL
SPIQ fall Time
50
ns
tSHQZ
SPIQ Disable Time
15
ns
March 4, 2015
Min.
0
102
Typ.
Max.
Units
25
MHz
0
ns
15
ns
Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Auto-Negotiation Timing
Figure 23. Auto-Negotiation Timing
Table 24. Auto-Negotiation Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
tBTB
FLP burst to FLP burst
tFLPW
FLP burst width
tPW
Clock/Data pulse width
tCTD
Clock pulse to Data pulse
55.5
64
69.5
µs
tCTC
Clock pulse to Clock pulse
111
128
139
µs
Number of Clock/Data pulse per burst
17
March 4, 2015
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
8
16
24
ms
103
2
ms
100
ns
33
Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
MDC/MDIO Timing
Figure 24. MDC/MDIO Timing
Table 25. MDC/MDIO Typical Timing Parameters
Timing Parameter
Description
tP
MDC period
t1MD1
MDIO (PHY input) setup to rising edge of MDC
10
tMD2
MDIO (PHY input) hold from rising edge of MDC
4
tMD3
MDIO (PHY output) delay from rising edge of MDC
March 4, 2015
Min.
Typ.
400
104
Max.
Unit
ns
ns
ns
222
ns
Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Reset Timing
Figure 25. Reset Timing
Table 26. Reset Timing Parameters
Symbol
Parameter
tSR
Stable Supply Voltages to Reset High
10
ms
tCS
Configuration Set-Up Time
50
ns
tCH
Configuration Hold Time
50
ns
tRC
Reset to Strap-In Pin Output
50
ns
tVR
3.3V rise time
100
µs
March 4, 2015
Min.
105
Typ.
Max.
Units
Revision 1.4
Micrel, Inc.
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Reset Circuit Diagram
Micrel recommends the following discrete reset circuit, as shown in Figure 26, when powering up the
KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB device. For the application where the reset circuit signal comes from another device (e.g., CPU,
FPGA, etc.), Micrel recommends the reset circuit, as shown in Figure 27.
Figure 26. Recommended Reset Circuit
Figure 27. Recommended Circuit for Interfacing with CPU/FPGA Reset
In the reset circuit, R, C, and D1 provide the necessary ramp rise time to reset the Micrel device. The D2 is for isolation
between Micrel device and CPU/FPGA. The reset out RST_OUT_n from CPU/FPGA can provides the warm reset after
power-up.
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Revision 1.4
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KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Selection of Isolation Transformer(19)
One simple 1:1 isolation transformer is needed at the line interface. An isolation transformer with integrated commonmode choke is recommended for exceeding FCC requirements at line side. Request to separate the center taps of
(20)
RX/TX at chip side. Table 30 gives recommended transformer characteristics.
Table 27. Transformer Selection Criteria
Characteristics Name
Value
Turns Ratio
Test Condition
1 CT : 1 CT
Open-Circuit Inductance (minimum)
350µH
100mV, 100kHz, 8mA
Insertion Loss (maximum)
1.1dB
0.1MHz to 100MHz
HIPOT (minimum)
1500VRMS
Notes:
19. The IEEE 802.3u standard for 100BASE-TX assumes a transformer loss of 0.5dB. For the transmit line transformer, insertion loss of up to 1.3dB can
be compensated by increasing the line drive current by means of reducing the ISET resistor value.
20. The center taps of RX and TX should be isolated for the low power consumption in KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB.
Selection of Transformer Vendors
The following transformer vendors provide compatible magnetic parts for Micrel’s device:
Table 28. Qualified Magentic Vendors
Single Port Integrated
Single Port
Vendor
Part
Auto
MDIX
Number of
Ports
Vendor
Part
Auto
MDIX
Number of
Ports
TDK
TLA-6T718A
Yes
1
Pulse
H1102
Yes
1
LanKom
LF-H41S
Yes
1
Bel Fuse
S558-5999-U7
Yes
1
Transpower
HB726
Yes
1
YCL
PT163020
Yes
1
Delta
LF8505
Yes
1
Datatronic
NT79075
Yes
1
Selection of Reference Crystal
Table 29. Typical Reference Crystal Characteristics
Characteristics
Value
Units
25.00000
MHz
≤ ±50
ppm
Load Capacitance (maximum)
27
pF
Series Resistance (ESR)
40
Ω
Frequency
Frequency Tolerance (maximum)
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KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
Package Information(21)
64-Pin (8mm × 8mm) QFN
Note:
21. Package information is correct as of the publication date. For updates and most current information, go to www.micrel.com.
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KSZ8864CNX/RMNUB
MICREL, INC. 2180 FORTUNE DRIVE SAN JOSE, CA 95131 USA
TEL +1 (408) 944-0800 FAX +1 (408) 474-1000 WEB http://www.micrel.com
Micrel, Inc. is a leading global manufacturer of IC solutions for the worldwide high-performance linear and power, LAN, and timing & communications
markets. The Company’s products include advanced mixed-signal, analog & power semiconductors; high-performance communication, clock
management, MEMs-based clock oscillators & crystal-less clock generators, Ethernet switches, and physical layer transceiver ICs. Company
customers include leading manufacturers of enterprise, consumer, industrial, mobile, telecommunications, automotive, and computer products.
Corporation headquarters and state-of-the-art wafer fabrication facilities are located in San Jose, CA, with regional sales and support offices and
advanced technology design centers situated throughout the Americas, Europe, and Asia. Additionally, the Company maintains an extensive network
of distributors and reps worldwide.
Micrel makes no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the information furnished in this datasheet. This
information is not intended as a warranty and Micrel does not assume responsibility for its use. Micrel reserves the right to change circuitry,
specifications and descriptions at any time without notice. No license, whether express, implied, arising by estoppel or otherwise, to any intellectual
property rights is granted by this document. Except as provided in Micrel’s terms and conditions of sale for such products, Micrel assumes no liability
whatsoever, and Micrel disclaims any express or implied warranty relating to the sale and/or use of Micrel products including liability or warranties
relating to fitness for a particular purpose, merchantability, or infringement of any patent, copyright, or other intellectual property right.
Micrel Products are not designed or authorized for use as components in life support appliances, devices or systems where malfunction of a product
can reasonably be expected to result in personal injury. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems that (a) are intended for surgical
implant into the body or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. A
Purchaser’s use or sale of Micrel Products for use in life support appliances, devices or systems is a Purchaser’s own risk and Purchaser agrees to fully
indemnify Micrel for any damages resulting from such use or sale.
© 2014 Micrel, Incorporated.
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