Digital Photography Master
Digital Photography Mastery
Learn How to Start a Digital Photography Business For Fun & Profits!
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Table of Contents
DISCLAIMER / LEGAL NOTICE .................................................................................... 3
Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 6
Chapter 1: How to Become a Digital Photographer? ....................................................... 8
The Types of Digital Photographers ....................................................................... 10
Understanding the Resolution ................................................................................ 15
Filtering Systems .................................................................................................... 17
Exposure in Demand .............................................................................................. 18
Chapter 2: Getting into the Scene ................................................................................. 21
Knowing About the Cameras .................................................................................. 22
What Are Film Compact Cameras? ........................................................................ 26
Camera and Studio Accessories............................................................................. 28
Power Accessories ................................................................................................. 30
System Accessories ............................................................................................... 32
Studio Lighting ........................................................................................................ 35
Flashguns ............................................................................................................... 37
Digital Imaging Photography Darkroom and What it holds ..................................... 39
Chapter 3: Choosing the Camera .................................................................................. 43
What Are You Looking for in a Camera? ................................................................ 45
Digital Compact Imaging ......................................................................................... 47
Selecting Lens ........................................................................................................ 48
Chapter 4: Making Pictures for a Living......................................................................... 51
Focusing ................................................................................................................. 52
Red Eye Reduction ................................................................................................. 54
Shadows and Brightness in Contrasting ................................................................. 56
All Sorts of Printing Needs ...................................................................................... 58
The Type of Printers ............................................................................................... 60
Printer Tech Tips .................................................................................................... 62
Choosing the Right Color Gamut for Your Images.................................................. 64
Shuttling the Buttons............................................................................................... 66
Storage Mediums.................................................................................................... 67
Resizing Resolution Issues ..................................................................................... 69
Getting in on the Reflections ................................................................................... 71
Chapter 5: The Tools and Software for Editing the Images ........................................... 74
Image Scanners...................................................................................................... 75
Software for Scanners ............................................................................................ 77
Software Applications and the Like ......................................................................... 79
Software Manipulating Tools .................................................................................. 81
Editing Images ........................................................................................................ 84
Balance and Scheme Editing .................................................................................. 86
Adding Special Effects to Your Images................................................................... 88
Removing Those Dust Marks from Your Photographs............................................ 90
Chapter 6: The Most Commonly Asked Questions ....................................................... 92
Conclusion .................................................................................................................... 94
Introduction
Digital photography came about some time ago. The first time pictures were developed
occurred by in the 1800s when a man named Fox Talbot who mixed the paper, light,
wooden boxes and chemicals together. This invention produced the first picture, which
guided us into photography. It wasn’t, however, until around hundred fifty years later did
the first digital camera came available.
This new finding along with technology development made it possible to employ a
camera to capture pictures while utilizing a computer to edit, crop, enhance and so forth,
making those pictures digital perfect. All you will need to create a fabulous picture now
is computer software programs, computer and a digital camera.
Some of the cameras available today include the Canon models, Kodak, Nikon, and Fuji.
Each camera has something different to offer, yet their primary functions are to deliver
quality pictures. At one time, you would snap a shot, take it to a local film publisher or
picture store, and wait for the film to arrive at your store. Now, you can use a scanner,
upload the pictures to a computer, and saved them as file, printing them after editing,
cropping, and enhancing.
You can create your own portfolio and store the pictures on your computer, sending
them via Internet connection to friends and family all over the world. If you have a
quality printer, you can print the film and send them via postal mail.
Now you don’t need to stand under a towel with a camera in front of you, angling the
scene you want to snap. You can have a quality picture at your demand, without the
needs to hide in a dark room, in the corner of a building, wading through ink, paper, and
grime. What to be a convenience?
Nowadays, cameras are available in all styles, including webcams, video cams, 3D
cams, and so forth. You can make your own movies at home, or else produce your own
portfolio with little effort. All you need is software to get the film rolling. Action, camera,
impact, and produce are the steps to getting a quality portfolio in the making. Heck at
one time you needed someone to snap pictures of yourself, but nowadays the new
cams will do this for you. All you need to do is position the camera.
The traditional pictures did not offer what digital photos offer today also. Digital photos
today offer an artistic view, combined with various possible resources in producing
quality picture. Digital cams and photos today offer high quality photos to let you have
full control over it.
Digital cams and photos today leave you without wondering what the pictures will look
like once developed, since now you can image and edit the photos as you see fit. Digital
imaging enables you to correct the contrasts view, balance the colors, touch up the
images, crop elements that you don’t want, while improving focus.
Some of the traditional films or pictures were often overexposed. This meant that you
would often have overlapping elements within the photo. For example, you might take a
picture of a mate, and the background might have elements unwanted in the scene,
such as an arm, leg, etc. Digital photos today with overlapping scenes can be cropped
so that the topic is displaying in the picture.
You can use Adobe programs, GIMP image editing software or any other photo imaging
programs to crop, edit, cut, contrast and so forth. Once you snap the picture, you just
need to load it into your computer hard drive, open up your photo editor and you are on
your way to viewing a quality picture. If you have Adobe, you can work miracles with
pictures, and create any style you choose.
By starting to become a digital photographer, you will have much exciting journey to the
world of photography technology.
Without further ado, let’s get started!
Chapter 1: How to Become a Digital Photographer?
Did you ever want to become a digital photographer, yet didn’t know where to start. The
start is becoming familiar with cameras, computers, digital imaging, and software
programs for editing. Cameras are either your best friends, or your worst enemies.
Digital cameras have many functions that perform various actions, yet it takes you to
learn what each function conducts, before you can snap quality photos. If you are going
in the photography business, you will also need to know what is required to make a
productive network.
At one time, digital cameras were too costly to mention, but nowadays you can buy a
camera that will make your hair stand up for less cost. The downside is the cheaper
range of the camera than the expensive one, the lower the resolution of images. You
probably won’t get features that will enhance your photography experience. Features
such as, LCD monitoring is a very nice commodity, since you can view the snaps taken
immediately after you shoot the picture. This will give you an ideal, whether you want to
use the picture or snap another.
The resolution is essential, since if you want high quality, large pictures you will need a
higher resolution. The low-resolution cameras will only produce pictures in small sizes.
You might get lucky to snap a picture the size of 3 by 2 inches respectively. To snap a
larger photo, you will need at least medium resolution.
You will also need to become friends with peripheral hardware’s, which includes
software programs affiliation. You will also need sufficient Random Access Memory
(RAM) and hard drive space on your computer to store your pictures, print, edit, or view
the pictures, etc. The processing speed is also important which should measure at least
32 Megabytes (MB) or Random Access Memory. If you can get a higher processor the
entire better for your photos and tasking duties: You will also need a load of room on
your hard drive to perform all digital actions.
Now that, you have a camera, computer, software and the like, you will also need a
quality colored printer. Now, you can purchase a cheapie if you plan to take a few
photos per week, however, if you are moving into the photography business, then you
will need a quality printer that will cost a few hundred bucks at most. You will need to
invest in quality paper for printing, as well.
Now we can consider software. You will need an image-editing program that provides
transferring tools, storage mediums, editing features, and the like. Most photographers
these days use Adobe or other high quality programs.
If you are going into real photography networking, then you will need memory cards, PC
cards, Compact Flashes, Smart Media, Card Readers, Adaptors, Floppy Drive, Zip
Discs, or other storage mediums, image-edit software, camera accessories and so forth.
Some of the camera accessories include tripods, lenses, lights, case, and the like. Don’t
forget the dark room.
Once you have all the equipment readily to start for your digital photography business,
you will also need to understand the pixels, bit depth, resolution, f-stops, processing,
and the like.
Digital cameras are designed to give out quality photos, yet the images are similar to
the traditional cams, which comprise functioning off lights, chemicals, image, lens, and
the like. The only difference with traditional verses digital is that image arrays replace
the films. Still, other differences linger, yet we are discussing digitally. Two of the wellknown cameras today, which generally perform the same functions, are the cams that
work on chips, i.e. the Complimentary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) and the
Charge-coupled Device (CCD).
Now you can get out your checklist to see what you will need in your journey to digital
photography.
The Types of Digital Photographers
There is a variety of photographers’ careers to select. You can become a fine arts
photographer, close-up, architectural, fashion, sport, documentary, action, still life, night
photographer, web photographer, and so forth. It is all up to you, however, whichever
career you choose. You should be aware of what is expected of you.
So let’s make a list of photographers and see what each of these guys to in their
careers.
Photographer List:
Child photographer: Children photography is one of the most difficult subjects for all
the obvious reasons. Children may not be in the mood for what you want to capture. If
you are going in this career, you will need loads of patients and a will to get pass
frustration. Still, if you are considering child photography as a career understand that
some of the best photos are taken of puppies, babies, kittens, and so on. You want to
take many pictures of these subjects, and sometimes capture a scene with the parent
and child together. As for newborns, you should try to snap shots of babies six months
and up. You need to be on your toes at all times and ready to shoot now, since at the
wrong time, the expressions, could change.
Landscape photographers are one of the most interesting subjects to capture, since
you will always have a unique image to capture. Landscape photographers travel
frequently, therefore, get accustom to the roads and great outdoors. You will need to
make sure you have all your accessories while traveling, including tripod, spare battery,
filters, lenses, remote release, cameras and the like. Landscape photographers focus
on landscape, however, they compose pictures by considering composition, foreground,
weather, filters, warm-ups, Polarizer, timeframe, exposure, impartial density, and so on.
If you are off to winter photography, you will need a coat, hat, gloves, and so on
obviously. Winter photographers like landscape photographers travel to different areas
to capture scenes. If you are shooting snow pictures in the landscape winter
photography, then your camera should have an automatic setting prepared. You should
also have additional settings for weather, meter, and spot meter ready.
Water photographers differ. Some will take shots of water as a landscape setting,
while others will dive to capture the underground world. If you are considering water
imaging, then prepare to buy a camera that is, waterproof. You will need to learn
freezing skills, close-up, landscape feel, and know your speeds to shutter.
Action photographers have one of the hardest careers, since it is often difficult to
capture a scene in action. The camera has to be controlled much differently than
standard photographing. You will need to understand timing, speeds of shutter,
techniques of speed and action, panning, freeze actions, range, and so forth. You will
also need equipment that works with action shots.
Still life photographers require keenness, since the photos differ from other types of
shots. You might take shots of flowers in a store, instruments, fruit baskets, parts of a
vehicle, and so on. Most of the images are monochrome and in color. In this event, you
want to consider macro lens for shots, since it seems to work best.
Fine arts photographers capture scenes of creativity. You have to have a nap for art
and creativity to capture a fine art scene. You will need style, darkrooms, black & white
prints, mood feel, atmosphere feel, color, and so on.
Documentary photography is one of my favorites, yet you need to be highly vigilant of
life’s situations to be in this field of expertise. If you don’t know what’s going on in your
neighborhood, likely this job isn’t for you.
What do documentary photographers capture?
How do they decide at what time to record documentary?
What types of equipment do these photographers employ?
What is a documentary photographer’s purpose in digital imaging?
If you ever considered documentary photography, you probably already knows the
meaning of it after watching scores of documentary programs.
Documentary photography requires discipline. You must also have organizing skills,
since you will be keeping a photojournalism. If you like, colorful pictures change your
attitude now, since most documentary photographers deal with white and black picture.
After all, black and white was the originality of photography before digital imaging came
into focus.
The primary focal point for digital photographers in the documentary is capturing a
single picture that leads to a series of events. Documentaries may study activities at a
local chain store for a length of time and capture their every move before finalizing the
project. Some documentaries will study houses, while others will study their own life.
This brings in theme, which is the starting point of documentary photography.
Through monochrome captures, the documentary photographers will bring out the point,
thru theme, plot, characters, scene, and so on. With passion, all the way through the
project from starting to finish the story, a documentary photographer is ultimately writing
a book in picture format.
Digital photography documentary photographers must have high degrees of discipline,
patience, and high levels of observation. These photographers take great effort in their
career while showing strong people skills throughout the process. You will also need a
feel of order, since the documentary should deliver a start, middle and finish punch line
in sequence. Equipment:
Most documentary since they are on the rush will use the camera LEICA, which is a
rangefinder. You will need a wide-angled lens, since most shots are at a distance. Your
lens setting should remain at 16 feet (5m), and the aperture set at f/8-11. As for shutter
speed, you can use 400 ISO Films to maintain the speed level.
Overall, you will need keenness, patient, long-suffering, sense of humor and the like to
become a documentary photographer. The sense of humor will come in as you observe
people over a string of time and capture their every move. Somewhere in between
someone is going to amaze you, impress you, and astonish you, and so on. You will
also need discipline, since many documentary photographers photograph through for
years incidents and accidents. For example, some documentaries may study serial
killers and document their every move.
Other documentary photographers will photograph bombings, shipwrecks, celebrities,
and so on. As you see, you have a wide-range of selected themes. The beginning focus
is to choose a theme and stick with while accumulating a fitting plot and scene. You will
need characters, which similar to book writing should match the theme. For example, if
you were documenting a group of people you wouldn’t want to jump off the subject to
capture a different group of people.
Documentary photographers know when the time is right to capture a scene through
feel, record, and experience. The ultimate purpose is to accumulate a working story that
will attract the readers or viewers. You will also need a bit of writing skills to subtitle, title,
and provide summaries and the like for your documentary. While pictures say it all,
attractions such as words could say more.
Architectural photographers focus on building’s exterior attractions as well as their
interior attractions. Architecture photographers can take a worn out building and dress it
up in a picture, which will not only tell a story, but also impress the viewers. In other
words, it doesn’t matter what type of building they are considering, since they see
something in the picture you may not see at the moment.
Architectures will take one object in the scene and combine it with two or more to make
a point. These photographers will combine color and shape to point out an interest in
buildings. Architecture photographers will understand that what appeals stick out in the
daylight hours, may not stick out at night hours and vice versa.
Architecture photographers can bring outwards in and inwards out by using the camera
skillfully and applying the appropriate lens. These photographers are aware that
particular filters can enhance image captures. For example, warm up filters can
augment the way a building appears in a picture by making the bricks appear softer.
These camera operators consider the daylight and night hours, and are aware as to
how a building or scene may look at each event. The light determines the shot, which
an architecture photographer will know which time is best during daylight hours to snap
a shot that won’t affect shade, warmth, length, and direction.
At what time, a building comes into views and seems to fall in a backward direction, it is
known as converging vertically. To capture this moment architecture will angle their
camera in an upward direction in an effort to make the building appear as though they
are staring down at the viewer.
The interior of the buildings may require filters to control lighting, otherwise if you are
using a digital camera you will need to balance the white mode. Since, buildings have
superficial lighting you want to become acquainted with light control. The light affects
the camera either negatively or positively.
The details comprise an outlook of a specific area. Not every picture snapped by
architecture will illustrate an entire building. For instance, the building may have a
special point about it, which will attract the camera operator, who in turn will capture the
moment.
Likewise, architecture who wants to snap shots of a bridge may want to wait until the
dark hours. During the daylight hours, the photographer knows after studying features of
the bridge that it is merely grey in color and really offers less than what it could offer at
night hours. At night, the photographer visits the area and prepares to take a shot of a
daylight grey bridge, which is now colorfully green with brilliant lights glaring off the
waters. The sky is no long blue with white clouds setting off the background, now the
sky is purplish/yellow with white highlights.
Imagine a dull, grey, bridge with blue water and blue skies with white clouds in the
background. This is almost dull in contrast. Now picture the same area whereas you
have a greenlit bridge, orange boundaries from the night sky, with purplish/yellow colors
at the boundary area, yellow dancing off an area of the water, purplish colored waters
and a dark area under the bridge. What an amazing difference in the same area shot.
Understanding the Resolution
One of the most important elements of digital photography is to understand the
resolution. If you don’t understand, the resolutions you may only come up with wallet
size pictures each time you snap a shot. Camera snapping low-resolution shots will only
deliver you confusion, especially if you try to enlarge the photo. A high or medium
resolution camera, on the other hand, if the pixels are properly adjusted will give you a
high quality photo for publishing and/or editing.
Accordingly, the resolution will also determine the quality of images taken from your
camera. Digital imaging works like thousands of dots dabbled on a surface. Digital
images comprise small itsy bitsy pixels in the shape of squares and in the arena of
colors. The pixels are measured in inches. The pixels are also known as an element
picture, or picture element. Once the pixels all come together, you can actually see what
the photo offers. If you enlarge a low-resolution picture, the blurring will shock your eyes.
When you try to enlarge the photo with a low resolution, smaller size of picture, the
pixels become mixed up. For example, if you ever went on a computer and enlarged a
low-resolution picture you know that the pictures were taken on a low-resolution camera
because the picture becomes blurred. If you have employed a medium or highresolution camera the picture would be larger than a wallet size picture, or 4 by 6 inch
picture and you wouldn’t need to enlarge the photo. Yet, you could edit, crop or do
whatever you like in your photo-editing gallery with ease.
PPI is the number of pixels per inches that must match the resolution. If you have more
pixels per inch at what time you are snapping a picture, the resolution will produce a
brighter, colorful picture. For example, if the pixels estimate a resolution of 300 x 150 x
75, you will have a quality picture in front of you to edit. On the other hand, if the pixels
are low and the resolution is low, your pictures if enlarged will appear in the photos.
That is the pixels will become evident.
Thus, if you are printing your pictures onto paper from a printer, the most pixels that will
give you a quality picture is around 300 pixels per inch. You will also need to set your
resolutions in your printer to achieve high quality photos. Resolutions and pixels go
higher in number, however, if you want the best possible pictures, stick with this number
of pixels per inch, otherwise prepare to undergo problems. Otherwise, the higher the
pixel the less likely you will get quality.
If you are putting pictures on a Web Page, bear in mind that the pixels must be low
resolution, because anything higher will jam the visitors’ progress. In other words, the
higher the pixel the more time it will take to upload or download the web page. What a
pain it is? The standard web page images are around 72 or else 96 pixels per inch.
Keep it low and your visitors are good to go!
Note: You can change pixel size in the editing software programs. However, the down
sampling and up sampling process must work properly and respectively; otherwise you
can damage the photos by deleting too much information or else by degrading your
photos. Up sampling will add pixels while down sampling will delete pixels. The key is
up sampling at a low percentage and down sampling at a low percentage also for the
best effects.
Filtering Systems
Many peoples want to become photographers, since it offers them a chance to travel,
experience, adventure, and so on, yet many of these people fail to see that photography
is more than pointing a camera in the direction of the subject and taking the photo.
Photography without doubt is one of the most challenging, fun, and exciting careers on
the market. Photographers’ journey through life capturing what many people will miss in
a lifetime. After gathering all the equipment, you might as well forget digital photography
if you don’t have all the right tools that including a filtering system. Some of the most
horrific photos were taken from low-resolution cameras, low pixel per inch, no filters,
and the like.
Filtering systems is what photographers employ to transform photos. The screw-in filters
and slot-filters are the most commonly thought out filters on the market. The screw-in
filtering systems attach to the camera's lens, which helps the camera to focus or
transfer a photo. The screw-in lens filter is not ideal for photographers that employ a
large number of lenses for projects. You will need adjustable lens to handle tasks that
include multi-lens usage.
The slot-in filtering system is ideal for photographers employing a number of lenses to
handle photography demands. You want to be careful, since these filters enable you to
ring or adapt the filters onto the lens, meaning you can lap one filter over the other.
However, it will blacken the photos if the overlapping filters are spotted by the lens.
Therefore, learn and know what you are doing before venturing off into filtering systems.
The slot-in comes in a wide variety, which includes size. The small filtering systems
often work with a camera or lens around 35mm. You can use the larger filters to work
with cameras of medium or large size. The screw-in lens generally customizes to fit
nearly any size lens, while the warm-up EMMA filters is ideal for toning the skin within
the pictures. If you ever seen a picture where the persons face is peek or bright red
around the checks, chin and nose area, it isn’t from a sunburn. You can use the smaller
filters with wide-angled lenses. However, this option has a limit. The filters start out at
35mm and reach up pass 100mm.
The filter systems also provide you the option of using “step-up and step-down rings” to
support the filters. The rings enable you to adjust the filtering threads easily. If you are
snapping photos as a professional, you are aware that the rings and filters can do
wonders for your photos. One of the photography used a filter while another one did not,
and the results of the first shots came out good, while the filtered shot did not. The
reason is the photographer probably employed the wrong filter. The first camera shooter
probably had resolution intact, lighting in focus, and pixel in inches set properly.
Thus, knowing what to purchase for the job makes all the difference in the world. If you
are not a professional you probably want to go for the 100mm filter systems, otherwise
consider the 67mm if you can afford the systems. To learn more about filter system we
encourage you to read up on photography filter systems for cameras and lenses.
Exposure in Demand
Back in the day when cameras where easy to use, all you had to worry about was black
and white colors, since this is basically all the cameras had to offer. Now you have more
colors than you bargained for, so what do you do to get the exposure you desire?
Exposure is the process of delivering top quality photos. Underexposure is the process
of getting a picture you didn’t want in the first place. Sometimes it will occur that the
photos come out of the camera with blotches, red-eye, dark, and the like. Most times
the tone of pictures taken from a camera is at a scale of eighteen percent grey. With this
in mind, you want to consider exposure more deeply, since not all sceneries give off a
color that may work with your cameras mode.
Background Disturbances Let’s consider backgrounds for a moment. Per see, you are
taking a picture of a child, yet in the background, the scenery is dark, or black. What are
you to do when that camera pictures the background as a grey area, rather than the
color you intended? The trick is to get the camera to recognize the color by shooting at
a specific angle or adding grey to the scene, getting a snapper of the tainted grey
picture so the camera is confused. Otherwise, you can use programs that will take care
of the problem of exposure. Some of the software programs, such as Photo Shop will
take care of many exposure problems, by cropping, blurs and so on. The programs are
your best bet if you are starting out in photography until you get the hang of camera
functions, locks, and the like.
Few photographers recommend if you are dealing with scenery, such as black
backgrounds or white backgrounds that you place a grey material in front of the scene,
which activates a meter light that will recognize the background. Again, this is a point of
confusing the camera so that it recognizes what it is targeted in full light.
One thing you need to know about cameras that will make all the difference in the world
with understanding exposure. Not only do the cameras see grey, they also see the
colors be in blue, red, and green. Similar to the eyes of humans they have sort of
receptors that contrast the pictures into various colors. Therefore, if you angle the
camera in one area of the scene, it will produce a white tone, while if you take the
camera off the scene then you get a darker image. If the camera is moving in a few
directions, it will distract the grey percentage and produce multi-colors. The downside is
not all cameras, specifically some of the digitals work on three base colors. You would
have to consider RGB and CMYK to understand these alterations. The values of the
colors still change based on the background and what the meter perceives in light.
TIP OF THE DAY The prime deal is to purchase the grey cards, which this
valuable accessory will almost every time you snap, will produce a quality picture.
Learn more about the AE-Locks and grey cards so that you will have a better feel
of camera manipulation.
Landscape Shots If you are taking shots of landscapes, it is recommended that you
point the camera away from the sky. During some shots, you will need to use the AElocks to get the best results. Still, you want to get something grey in front of the camera
so that it recognizes what it is to do.
Chapter 2: Getting into the Scene
In the world of photography, you consider composition, focal point, foreground,
background, slants, frames, thirds, lines, perspective, scale, and so forth. The focal
point is the objective of the game in a way, yet composition is the target. I used the
terms plot because those less familiar with digital imaging might find it easier to relate.
Anyway, all there terms sounds nuts if you don’t understand photography; however, the
focal point is a natural attraction to the eye, while composition is the plot. Let’s break
this down. Okay, you are writing a book on the subject photography. You know the main
composition is surrounding photography; however, you must capture cameras, film, and
printers etc. in the body to make someone understand what you are seeing and how it
works. Likewise, if you are snapping pictures you will need a main attraction, which will
lead the eyes to a foreground, background, focal point, and so forth. You need
something to hit home in this picture in other words. Yet, while the eye is hitting home, it
also wants a feel of the surroundings so that it can see where the picture is leading.
What does it mean? What did you see in this picture that I am missing?
For example, I am taking a shot of a barn off in the distance and in its surrounding there
is a field of yellow flowers of some sort and green grass beneath it. The foreground
(flowers) leads me up to the caption that I had targeted, which makes a person wonder
why someone would want a picture of the likes. The imagination starts to explore. In this
picture, I used the rule of the thirds while adding a foreground to the scene.
In the depth of field, I snap a shot of a clear blue sky with sorted clouds dancing in the
air. A distant hill captures the sky bringing it down to the earth’s surface, which we know
is not real. The foreground takes the front leading you to a boulder half buried in the
ground with more boulders spread out in a field of yellow with shades of green grass. In
this scene, I would use a lens that focuses on the length the lens will extend, the
distance focus, and the aperture option. Since this is a landscape photo, I would use an
aperture size of small to reach an effect.
If you are taking photos of landscape, the wide-angle lenses are the best choice. The
lens will provide a depth deeper than other model lens. An f/22 depth is ideal if you are
snapping pictures at a distance.
It makes a big difference how you use a camera as to how the film or photo will turn out.
If you are starting out in photography, your best bet is becoming acquainted with the
terms photographers use, including their definitions. While there are software programs
for editing available, if you get the feel of the camera and use it wisely, you will spend
less time in front of a computer and more time in the field snapping those shots.
However, the one thing I already knew is that your eyes and instincts will guide you
better than anyone or any device. If you are working toward professional never, let
anyone defy you of your natural instincts and eye, which will only guide you in a wrong
direction. Keep it real and go with what you feel!
Knowing About the Cameras
Cameras are one of the most valuable tools in photography obviously. If you do not
have, cameras get out of the photography business because you are heading nowhere.
If you are not familiar with cameras and the types available, then we can help you learn
while you grow in the digital photo business.
Brief Camera History
The first cameras available were the old black and white plates. Later other cameras
came did not measure up to the following cams, which was known as the Box Brownie.
The 35mm cams came available after the Brownie, and then finally someone designed
a cam that offered us color. You would think that it would stop here, however digital had
to get in on the scene and design its own model, which lead us to digital photography.
AF SLR Model 35mm Camera
Some of the cameras today can nearly take a picture closest to perfect than any other
camera employed. In fact, I am wondering if a cam isn’t available, that doesn’t take the
place of developers.
The AF SLR is one of the series of AF SLR cameras on the market. The 35mm camera
series is one of the most selected items employed by photographers, however the
Digital SLR AF series is second runner up. In fact, the AF Digital SLR is a hot looking
item that would pick anyone’s interest, especially if you are fascinated with the
photography industry. Some of the features on this series include the Main Control Dial,
Control Buttons, White Balance, Card Slot, LCD Info Panel, LCD Monitor, Interface,
Review Tools, and the like.
The cam is an automatic focus device with single reflex lens. Or at least some are. The
SLR types are one of the choice cameras that professionals will employ, since this
device works wonders with program applications. Some of the features include the lens
obviously, custom functions, shutter button, LCD panel, film transport, exposure mode
dial, Hot-Shoe, and the like.
Features
The Lens on this 35mm camera is a zoom in lens. It is important that you read up on the
lens types used for this camera since it makes a big difference, especially if you are
considering buying for usage.
Custom Functions
This is commonly found on many devices, including this camera. The functions enable
you to adjust to your own preference.
Shutter Button
The shutter on this camera is not a one-way ride, rather you can press completely down
on the shutter and it will sound off, while if you hold it center down it will initiate the
automatic focus, and while activate the meter.
Hot-Shoe
You will need to read up on flashguns to understand that hot-shoe; however, the hotshoe is sort of a connector where a flashgun can connect to the cam making it easier to
maneuver the shutter button.
LCD Panel
This is a center point. LCD is the definition of Liquid Crystal Display. This little window
will inform you as to what is going on inside the little box that produces pictures.
Exposure Mode Dials
You can use this for mode alterations or conduct other functions as you choose. Read
the manual to learn more about what this function offers to you. The tool is like a wheel
and/or dial button, where you can rotate it one direction or the other.
Film Transport Selector
This is more of a timer, which you can snap multiple pictures at a single time, or one
picture at a given time.
These cameras also may include viewfinders, input dials, AF assist beams, Dioptre
connection, and integral flash, depot of field preview, auto-focus point selectors, and so
forth.
The viewfinders are nice, since it enables you to kind of zoom in on the picture to
achieve accuracy. The input dials will help you to control your shutters speed levels,
while the flash integrals is an incorporated flashbulb more or less.
This camera is so appealing that it would make me take my eyes off Tom Select in a
New York second. The main control dialers provide you to set modes similar to a 35mm
model. You can employ the White Balance to make adjustments, dropping or increasing
the temperature of colors. The Control Buttons give you the control you need over the
camera by enabling you to use a single or dual control.
You can employ the Card Slots to store your images. This machine also has WI-FI
capabilities, which enables you to transfer photos at higher speeds. The LCD is a Liquid
Crystal Displaying window. You can learn more about file formatting and balance by
analyzing this window. The Liquid Crystal Displaying Window (LCD) monitor enables
you to adjust formats of files, modes of flash, delete photos, and review the photos while
protecting them on a memory slot card.
Interfaces are either FireWire cables or USB cables that connect your camera to a
working computer in order to upload files to your hard drive for editing. The Review tools
enables you to zoom in on the photos taken, or else view them in thumbnail files, which
makes it convenient for you to edit your photos at what time editing occurs.
Some of the models of the SLR styles include the 35mm cameras, digital, and the
4/3rds system cameras. It is recommended that the LCD’s be used minimal, since it will
drain the power of your battery.
The camera mentioned in this chapter is one of the nicer cameras for photography,
however photographers seem to prefer the 35mm overall other models. The camera
digital series has mirrors built-in to its system, as well as a body frame, shutter blind,
Pentaprism, power source, DX-coding, and the like.
Many of the SLR models have viewfinders, rear dials, eye-start systems and more. It
depends on the model, therefore if you are on the hunt for a camera be sure to read up
on all the models to make sure you are getting what you want. This particular model
appears to be more for professional photographers; however, amateurs could probably
put in to good use while working their way into professionalism.
Some of the ordinary features that enhance these models of cameras are the White
Balance commands, screen focusers, ad meter sensors. The meter sensors monitor the
light so to speak, which is highly important, since if the light is off balance the pictures
likewise will be off balance too.
Other models of cameras include the Film Compacts, Spy Cams, Webcams, Singleuser cams, Luxury Compacts, digital compacts, and so forth. Some of these cameras
are more for those that enjoying snapping pictures without intents of publishing or using
for promotional purposes. You can check out some of the more sophisticated cameras
over the Internet or at a local camera store. Some cameras again offer more than others
and it depends on what you are searching to accomplish as to what type of camera will
suit your needs.
Anyway, I brought this style of camera out, since this is what experts in photography
generally choose to work their projects. There are different styles however, so be sure
to check them all out.
What Are Film Compact Cameras?
Some of the most used cameras on the market by photographers are the 35mm SLR
models. However before digital photography became a hot item, photographers all
around employed the film compact models. One of the most used compact film cameras
was also the 35mm models. The cameras make it easy to aim at the target and flash
the camera. These models were designed by some of the leading names, including
Nikon, Rollei, and so forth. Some of the features include Exposure and Focus Sensors,
Built-in Flash, Zoom Lens, Viewfinders, Lens Cover, and the like.
These cameras are ideal for low budget photographers, yet many will get the job done.
Besides with all the image-manipulating programs on the market, even if the camera
didn’t do the intended job you can get help fast.
Some of the known compact film cameras are the aim and shoot series, which include
prestigious banding along with delivery high-quality photos. The zoom and fixed lens
compacts are some of the well-known brands that fit a variety of photography budgets.
As for the features, the exposure and focus sensors enable you to control light, which
enables the camera to focus at a distance while considering a subject with the proper
light control. The built-in flashes is ideal for changing modes if the lighting is off, since it
works to reduce red-eye by filling in the contrast, brightness and colors.
The viewfinders on the compacts are different with some cameras than the SLR series.
For the most part, it helps control images, yet you cannot view the files as you could on
some of the modern digital cameras before uploading to a computer. This is a real
disadvantage, because you have to load the pictures on a computer to see if you want
to keep them or not.
Lens covers generally are sliders that protect the lens while the camera is not in use. At
what time you open the cover exposing the lens some film compacts will mechanically
initiate the camera, readying it for usage.
Zoom lens is handy, since you can zoom in on the target. If you ever employed the
zoom features in available software programs, you are aware that different levels for
zooming in are available. This does not always apply to cameras, since you may have
only one or two zooming levels.
Function buttons available on some compacts enable you to fire shutters for picture take,
or else ready the focus and exposure features.
Shutter buttons are obvious, i.e. these buttons activate the cam readying it to shoot. It
has a couple different functions, depending on the camera model.
Zoom Rockers are incorporated into some of the compact cameras. This function
changes the lens focal. You can change to wide-angle, or else set it at a single angle.
The sky is the limit with some of these cameras available today.
Few of the 35mm compacts have film already inside the cameras. You can purchase
these models of cameras for around $2.99 and up. Once you snap the complete roll of
film the camera is of no use. Therefore, if you are using one of these cameras find the
cheapest versions possible. What’s nice is some of these cameras enable you to go
deep sea exploring without ruining the film or camera.
The luxury film compacts are small, yet tall. The cameras have a built-in lens and you
can easily place these cameras in your shirt pocket. The camera often has a wideangled lens attached.
Spy cams produce smaller film. These cameras are optional if you want discreet photo
shooting without getting caught.
Camera and Studio Accessories
Once you have it all together, and your equipment is in place you will need
photographer accessories to take care of your equipment. Its part of the career as being
a photographer that you take care of the costly equipment you have purchased.
Some of the accessories available today, include the sync lead, backgrounds, camera
storage, gadget bags, photo rucksacks, converters, lens hood, pouches, zoomsters,
hard cases, protective case, masks, cabelite, and so forth. Some of the gadgets work to
help you along in the processing of photos, while others work to protect your goodies.
Leads
It depends on the camera purchased; however, some require the assistance of a
reversed-polarity lead. The synchronizing leads are what will connect the camera to the
flash heads.
Backgrounds
Backgrounds are paper or fabric that stand up in an area of the studio and is used as an
area to shoot photos. Most photographers will use either black or white backgrounds in
paper form, while they will use a variety of fabric colors. If you are going to shoot photos,
these backgrounds will come in handy as an offset scene so to speak. If you ever seen
pictures taken at Sears you are aware that the camera operator will put backgrounds up
that conform to the personality in the photo. For example, they may put up a spider man
background for a young boy, while they may put up a streaming river for a couple.
Carrying Storage
The camera storage is carrying cases where a cam is stored while resting for the next
photo. You will need one of these cases to carry your camera along trips, or store it
while resting after work is completed. This is important because cameras cost a fortune
and the last thing you want is a damaged device.
Gadget Bags
Gadget bags are a shoulder strapped bag that enables you to carry your camera and
accessories along your journey in photography. The bag comes in a variety of sizes and
few colors and is a handy tot. The downside if you overstuff the gadget, it will put a load
of weight on your shoulders.
Cabelite
Cabelite is ideal for photographers still motion. Rather, if you take pictures of dinner
plates and the like, then you would definitely want one of these gadgets. This thingy will
work to remove reflections out of your way.
Hard Case
Hard cases are ideal for when you are traveling abroad. You can carry your camera in
the case without having the inconvenience of a weighty bag.
Protective Gear
Protective case protects your camera, which the camera generally comes with the
casing. Zoomsters will carry your cam with lens in tact. There is no need to dismount
your camera, because this bag will handle your equipment without causing damage.
Pouches are more for protecting lens. You can carry a variety of lens in this pouch
without worrying about damage coming to the property.
Lens Accessories
Lens accessories include the lens hood, converters, and masks. The masks fits around
the lens and works like a pair of binoculars. The masks are not really important,
however it is an option if you want to take it and run.
Lens hoods are essential accessories. These hoods will shield your images, preventing
reduction and contrasting damage. This thingy fits around the lens and will protect it
against faulty lighting.
The converters enable you to take pictures at long-distance or short-distance or at wide
angles and so on. If you are out for the pictures of a lifetime then the converter could
make it worth your while.
Power Accessories
Power accessories are important tools that all photographers consider. Regardless of
the level of photography or the level of work you do, accessories come in handy in all
areas of digital photography. Cameras are slick little devils, which sometimes slip from
your hands; therefore having the right accessories, such as the power SLR grips can
save your loads of headaches. Why buy aspirins when you can take care of the
problems before they arise.
Choosing the right accessories is a job in itself, however if you know what you are
searching for then the job is less demanding. Therefore, we have outlined a few
accessories offered as well as tips as to which accessories are better choices than
other accessories are. The tips are in between the lines, since it is up to you to decide
what the better choice is since no one knows your needs like you do.
Gripping the camera
The power accessories include the SLR power grips, battery packs, battery types, and
motor drivers. Power grips are an accessory that grips to the camera while giving you
an extra handle on things. This can come in handy when you are awkwardly
coordinated, or trying to handle multi tasks.
Battery Types
Battery types are essential, since if you are taking pictures and your batteries are low it
can interrupt your workflow. The newer batteries for cameras are rechargeable, thus
you can charge them overnight and take countless of pictures during the daylight hours,
or vice versa.
Packing the Batteries
Battery packs are optional to standard camera batteries. These battery packs can make
your journey easier, since the packs function on double A batteries and is far more
ready than standard batteries used in cameras.
It is your choice, whichever power accessory you select, however choosing wise is
choosing the power that will make your camera journey last.
Supporting Cameras
The nicety about having a tripod is that you can use the stand to seat your camera while
angling at the scene and bam you have a picture. Cameras, which you can set at a time
to shoot a picture, are also handy, and work well with tripods. Camera support is
another issue, yet it revolves around the same thing. Camera supporters include the
Tripods, which can make your camera stand on legs. Some of the pods are versatile
which makes your moving shots easier to get to along the journey of shooting photos.
The common tripods used today are the standard, SLR, carbon-fibre and the studio
based pods. Still, this is only a small list. The SLR tripods are widely used by
professional photographers and come in a couple different styles. Amateurs often use
the standard tripods, yet these pods are handy accessories, since they do the job
intended while allowing the photographers hands-off to handle other tasks. The carbonfibre is often used by those traveling while shooting photos.
Overall, when considering tripods make sure you consider what you need to handle
your jobs as well as the size of your camera. If you camera is bulky and larger than the
common smaller cameras be sure to consider the carbon-fibre. If you are operating
studio using large equipment, you will need to consider the studio-based tripods, since
these are designed to handle large equipment.
For more help on finding accessories that suit your photography needs, consider
researching the marketplace, since additional information is available to you. You never
know, researching could land you the deals of a lifetime while helping you to see more
into the details of camera and studio accessories.
System Accessories
Digital photography is a huge job, and at what time it comes to doing the job right you
want to make sure you have all the equipment you need, including accessories. Some
of the accessories to consider are the heads, spirit levels, feet, monopods, leg sections,
quick-release plates, center columns, anatomy of pods, beanbags, leg locks, suction
claims, and so on. While all these accessories relate to a tripod, its importance is still
relevant to digital photography.
First, realize that the anatomy of tripods is the decision in selecting the correct tripod
that is suitable for your needs. The marketplace has a variety of tripods to choose from,
however if you do not purchase the choice pod, it will all be in vain. Some of the
selections were mentioned earlier, however to give you an ideal of the type of tripods to
consider, we will provide a sort of checklist. Some of the tripods include the SLR,
Carbon-Fibre, Standard Tripods, and the Studio-based pods. Most tripods include
heads, feet, legs locks, quick releasers, columns and so on, as we mentioned earlier.
Heads
Heads are supporters of cameras that differ from tripods, yet the function is connected
directly to a tripod. The heads come in a few different styles, including the three-ways,
sockets, tilt, pan, or bails. The heads on a tripod is important, since if you don’t have the
right head you might find yourself in a struggle. Understand that not all tripods have
heads.
Feet
You will need a combination of feet while considering a tripod, since walking on one leg
sometimes will cause you to trip. Some of the tripod feet types include the spiked feet,
rubber and plastic. Understanding the feet is important, since if you select the spike feet
and use it on wood floors you might find yourself depressed at what time you need to
re-varnish those floors for your boss, or whoever hired you to do the job. Plastic and
rubber feet are said to work best in areas where you need to grip to snap a picture.
Spike feet are great for snapping photos in the great outdoors. The trick is finding a
combo of feet to work with.
Quick-release plate
These plates are ideal for camera operators who want a quick detachment and removal
of camera.
Leg Locks
Leg locks is a preference camera operators decide on while trying out the types of locks.
Some of the leg locks twist while others are hinged.
Spirit Level
This is a leveler so to speak. If you are taking outdoor pictures, specifically of
landscapes, this leveler is the product you definitely want to invest in before snapping
those pictures.
Leg Suctions
Leg suctions are stable functional tools that will hold up the tripods. Most times, you can
purchase 2 to four legs on a pod.
Centre Column
This column will max out the limit a camera will reach during a photo shot. Few tripods
have removable columns.
Beanbags fit or screw into a cameras base enabling the photographer to have a firmer
grip on the camera. Monopods are generally used by sport travelers or photographers,
since this pod has only one leg to stand on. The ideal is gripping the leg in the palm of
your hand to maneuver the camera.
Suction clamps are more an accessory for motor sport shooters, since they can clamp
the camera onto a hard surface while targeting a scene from a remote distance.
As we discussed, anatomies of tripods is essential, since you want the right device
while taking pictures. This is especially true if you are in the photography business.
Studio Lighting
Studio lighting requires complete control on the photographer’s part. If the lighting is off
the cameras will flash pictures likely that will disappoint the photographer. The best said
took kit in a studio is the flash outfits for studios. The systems are versatile and provide
the photographer the control he needs to get the job done right.
The flash system includes slave cells, carry handles, ventilation, audible beeps, power
sockets, sync lead sockets, accessory lock rings, model lights, flash tubes, flash output,
model lamps, and so on.
The slave cells fires up the flashes on a single meter while connected to a camera.
Once the trigger is hit, the cells kick in to slave for other cells on the heads, which
distinguishes the flashes outputs.
The ventilation heads is what generates the heat. Like a computer fan, the heat is
modulated so that it won’t blow up. Likewise, if you cover the fan on a computer it will
cause harm to the ventilation processing, therefore keep these slots free and exposed
to air.
The carry handles regulates the heads. You can use the handles to monitor overheat
exposure, or move the device.
Audible beeps alerts you at what time the device is recharged. The sync lead sockets
are what links the flash heads to meters or cameras in a studio. Flash outputs have a
sliding switch, which permits the photographer to control the output of flash. It has limits
which the photographer must select the mode of choice. Some of the lighting kits have
automatic settings for mode selection.
Modeling lamps connect output to flash control-defining accuracy as it links to the output
sliders. The modeling lights are a bulb that enables the photographer to adjust light.
Flash tubes triggers light through a shutter, which regulates light. Accessory locking
rings attach reflector dishes or soft boxes. The power sockets attaches from the central
power to the flash heads.
The studios have a variety of lighting modes. Some of these modes include mono-bloc,
power pack, tungsten, portable studio flash, and so forth. Some of the accessories
include reflectors, soft-box, umbrella, and snoot.
Again, these accessories and kits make a difference, since if the lighting is not adjusted
accordingly, the pictures will turn out faulty. There isn’t a photographer in the world that
likes to deliver flaky pictures.
Anyway, the lighting in studios, such as the mono-bloc are heads on flash that power
and control light. This type of light is often used by amateurs. The power packs has
recycling capabilities since it functions like a generator. Expert photographers often use
these types of light accessories. Tungsten unlike the power-back offers ongoing lighting
to a studio. The light is controlled by heat as well as other elements, which puts the
photographer in a hot position. The portable flash requires rechargeable batteries, yet is
similar to the power pack lighting systems.
As for the accessories, each has its own place in a studio. The reflectors for example
are similar to a satellite dish, yet it directs the light toward the scene.
The umbrellas again are similar to umbrellas, yet the purpose is to tone the pictures.
You have to read more into the colored umbrellas to understand the tones it will achieve.
The soft-box is a diffusing lighting system, while the snoot is highlighted utilized
secondary to the main lights.
Okay, now we have touched down on studio lighting kits, lighting, and accessories. If
you are ready to hook up your studio, be advised that you will need a deeper
understanding of these tools available to photographers if you are just starting out in the
industry.
Flashguns
Assuming you are going pro, we will discuss flashguns, which is often what the pros will
use in their photography business. Flashguns have multi-functions that focus mainly on
lighting. Many times the lighting is off a camera will deliver a flimsy picture.
Photographers focus on deliver high quality pictures to the community, especially those
specializing in digital photography. Most times the photographers are up to par on
lighting, focus, angle, pixel, resolution, and the likes. Sometimes however, no matter
how up to par they are the lighting just will not do what it is supposed to do. This is
when a flashgun comes in handy.
A flashgun includes functions. Those functions have a specific mission to accomplish.
The functions may include test buttons, hot-shoe mounts, control buttons, flash heads,
diffuser panel, LCD, ready lamp, and focus assistance lamps.
When lens verses camera is working the flashguns, makes light available to zoom in on
the scene with better odds of quality pictures arriving. Flashguns has a shutter, which if
you press on the shutter it will release a trigger that produces gases that promote
lighting. The functions work in various ways, but for the most part each will deliver a
form of light the camera or lens may not see.
The flash heads
The flash heads are optimized, i.e. they will work with particular lenses. While the
swiveling from each side either lowers or rises, until a flash bounces out of the lens. The
zoom focus is often around 28-80mm.
Diffusers Panel
The diffusers panel is more for taking photos at a shorter distance. You can pull down
on panel to diffuse light appropriate for the shot.
Focus Assist Lamps
The focus assist lamps are not necessary available with all flashguns. But the ones that
have such features includes a AF Assister lamp, which once it is activated it will lower
the lighting in an effort to project patterns in a beam which assists in automatically
focuses on the target. It locks in on the target in other words.
Hot-Shoe Mount
The hot-shoe mount is what the camera attaches to, and its purpose is to use metal
communications to transmit data through electronic form, i.e. it communicates with the
cameras flash to target the subject.
The Control Buttons
The control buttons are obvious. You can set the modes of flash, which will come into
view on LCD format and this enables you to use the flashgun and camera with less
distractions.
LCD
This is the settings information dialogue.
Ready Lamp
The ready lamp is an indicator light that flashes when the device is ready for usage.
Test Button
Testing one, two, and three: You can press down on the button and test your flashes
exposure level easily with this function, or else use the flashgun without the camera.
The modes of flashguns vary. The flashguns may offer automatic flash, red-eye
reduction, and fill-in, and slow sync, force-off, flash comp, second-curtain sync, and so
forth.
The automatic modes will allow you to sit back and allow the gun to work. If the lighting
is sufficient the gun will sit back and let the camera do the work, however if the lighting
is too low it will automatically kick in and adjust the lighting before you snap a shot. This
is the mode photographers employ commonly. The Red-eye reduction is a function that
reduces the amount of red in a picture. The slow sync is a synchronizing feature that
adjusts the shots so that you can capture background.
For additional understanding of flashguns and what these handy devices can do to
enhance, your career read up on the different models.
Digital Imaging Photography Darkroom and What it holds
What’s in a darkroom? How does a darkroom present quality images and photos? Well,
first darkrooms are basically replaced now by scanners, printers; computers, and
software programs, however, darkrooms have equipment. Some of the equipment
includes chemicals, safelights, easels, paper trays, enlargers, thermometers, tongs,
focus magnifiers, measuring cylinders, timers, and the like.
Darkrooms regardless of digital technology can still deliver quality pictures if the
developer knows what he/she is doing. Most darkrooms are around 6 feet in square
inches and in a corner of the room is a table that holds merely everything a developer
will need to publish a photo.
Most darkrooms demand the least amount of light, and running water, therefore many
photographers will employ a home restroom to conduct their developing. The chemical
trays are often prearranged in the darkroom so that the photographer or developer can
move around the area with little hassle. To achieve the mission, the developer will
employ the listed items that are found in photography darkrooms, using them in order,
which is not provided in this article. Let’s review:
Easels
No, I didn’t say weasels. Easels are employed during exposure, which the tools hold the
prints in place, flat on a surface.
Safelights
Safelights often have orange or red light bulbs and produce the least amount of light.
Rather the safelights conform to the level of light the paper and print require. This
protects the sensitivity of the photos in the making.
Timers
Timers are like oven timers. The photos demand a specific time to start and finish the
copies; therefore, the timer watch is set accordingly.
Enlargers
Enlargers are a lamp in a box. The lamp beams sufficient light onto the film, and then to
a base are by using a lens. You can get enlargers in color or in black and white. The
colorful enlargers are the better choice.
Paper Trays
Is what the developer will use to add chemicals for producing photos? The photos are
dipped into the chemicals and wham you are on your way to creating a quality image.
Thermometers
Thermometers keep the chemicals in check, since if the temperature is not according to
developing demands, the pictures will not take properly.
Focus Magnifiers
Of course, these tools zoom in on the picture to make sure everything is in working
order while the picture is held down flatly on the surface by the easels. This is like the
Zoom features on your computers or in software programs.
Tongs
This pick up the pictures, since if you get too much of the chemicals on your skin, you
may get fried like bacon.
Measuring Cylinders
This tool measures the chemicals dilution levels.
Chemicals
You have three times of chemicals in a darkroom, which includes crystal silver, stopbath, and fixer. Each area has its own purpose, yet you must use all three chemicals
respectively, otherwise your pictures will meet the day of doom. This is sort of like ink in
a printer, if the inks dot more than sufficiency for printing, the photos will appear with low
quality.
You also want to consider the types of developers on the market, since these will help
you to accomplish a higher quality in photos.
Before you open up a darkroom, make sure you understand all that is required to make
pictures work. You can find valuable information at your local library or over the Internet.
Having it together before getting started is ideal for any one thing you will ever do in life.
Remember however, as you start you are growing and learning, so take each mistake in
stride.
Chapter 3: Choosing the Camera
What Camera is Right for me in Digital Photography?
This is a major question that many photographers may ask. The decision however is
based on how much time you are willing to put into reviewing the cameras and what
they offer, what you intend to do with the camera, and considering the options as they
come your way.
Questions to Consider:

What are my intentions?

Am I creating Web Pages?

Am I ultimately attempting to go pro?

What type of camera would suit me best?

Do I need high-resolution or low-resolution?

What do the pixels matter?

Do I want film or digital?
What are your intentions?
If you merely want a camera to perform a few tasks here and there, such as taking your
own family photos, you might try out the line of SLR low-end models or else the
standard compacts as we discussed on previous chapter.
If you are off to the journey of pro photography, you will need an interchangeable
camera, to produce the types of pictures desired, especially if you are going for sport
photography. If you are venturing to snap wildlife shots, or create, documentary pictures
then you will need to consider the rangefinders or the wide-angled cameras. As for
documentaries, you may want to toss in a high-quality camcorder, since you could
possibly go on air with your doc. Hey, a moment of wishful thinking, but it could happen.
One thing you want to keep in mind is that at what time you consider a camera for high-
quality pictures, you want to stay in the range of medium formatting cameras since
many will deliver quality. You will need a large frame camera if you are considering films,
yet other cameras have proven to work wonders.
If you are creating web pages, a low-resolution camera will do just fine. The resolution
for web page images should remain at 72dpi (dots per inch). If you use a higher
resolution it will only slow the process of page downloads.
Now is the question, are you going pro or are you flying so low? If you are going pro,
you may want to research the line of AF SLR cameras in 35mm logic. On the other
hand, if you are thinking so low, you can view the Direct Vision lines, Digital and Film
Compact, and the likes.
What type of camera would suit you best depends on you. You will need to consider
your budget, compatibilities of your systems, film, or digital, and the like.
Do you need high or low resolution depends on you again. At least to a degree, the
decision is yours. If you are creating web pages then a standard camera with lowresolution is your best bet. Most times, you can find cheaper cameras for website
creation.
The pixels do matter. Since if you are going to work as pro off the web then you will
need the highest pixel camera to achieve high quality photos. On the other hand, if you
are designing web pages you will need the lowest pixels, say at around 72dpi for the
best results.
Well do you want film or digital?
Digital works off a scanner, printer, and computer, or even from a card or camera. While
some of the film, cameras require that you purchase a roll of film to snap shots. If you
want to keep investing in film that may be outdated someday as digital takes over, then
go for the film. On the other hand, go digital and produce your own photos on a software
program and computer. The pictures may come out more to your likings.
What Are You Looking for in a Camera?
Now that you have made the decision to get involved in digital photography, it is time to
decide on the camera that suits your needs. Today, you can choose from many types of
cameras as well as name brands. Some of the cameras include the AF SLR Series,
Digital Compacts, Film Compacts, Direct Vision, and so forth. You can purchase
cameras today with camcorders built-in for small movie projects, or cameras that
include a phone.
What more could you ask for in a camera?
At previous chapters, we have discussed film and digital compact cameras, as well as
the AF SLR series; now we are going to discuss the Direct Vision Cams along with a
few other models. If you are off to the amateur division photography scene then you
may want to look at the line of direct vision cameras offered by Leica. Few of these
direct vision action takers offer high quality pictures while its sounds are nearly noise
pollution free.
Looking at a few 35mm, which is commonly utilized by photographers in different
models, we will consider the Range Finders. This model or it’s like has a variety of
features including the viewfinder, battery compartment, self-timer, rangefinder, rewind
crank, rewind button, lens, PC socket, film speed dial, and so on.
The rangefinder is works to restore viewfinders center images overlaying in the camera.
Self-timers are obviously handy for instructing the camera at what time is proper to go
off. Some only have a few seconds to time a picture.
Many of the direct vision cameras have hot-shoes, shutter speed dial, wind-on levers,
frame counters, and shutter release buttons. Some cameras are more optional than
others for the pros in the field of digital photography.
Other types of cameras include the Mega-Pixel Camcorders, Large Formatting Cams,
Instant Cams, Imaging Phones, and Hasselblad XPans 2 and so on. Note that the
phone cams are not necessary cameras for photography; however, the phones will
transfer files, such as images to a computer. This is ideal at what time you are out in the
field snapping shots and need those files on a computer pronto. The Bluetooth Model is
one of the most popular phones utilized today.
Mega-pixel camcorders are ideal for web page creation, home movie creation and the
like. The low pixels and resolution puts this camcorder out of market for publishing
quality photos outside of the Internet. Still, it’s a nice camcorder, since you can make
movies and play it back. It’s sort of like an Ipod, yet you have a cam built in.
Instant cameras are obviously not a choice for photographers, unless you have a
quickie in mind. The old Polaroid was at one time one of the most popular cameras. The
camera had several models, which pro photographers could use easily, yet it took the
sport out developing. At least this is what I felt. Fuji now has an instax camera that has
taken the place of Polaroid.
The Hasselblad model is a 35mm cam. The cam originated from Fuji lines, and would
switch easily to a panoramic mode of shot. The camera kind of puts you in mind of oldmodern technology cameras, since it does more than its history defines. Well, now we
have reviewed a variety of cameras, several accessories to enhance cameras, I guess
now it is time to decide which camera is best suited for your needs.
Digital Compact Imaging
The market is swarming with cameras for the taken; however, it depends on your needs
as to which camera you should take. If this makes sense let me know, because at what
time I was writing it, it made perfect sense. The logic is if you are going into pro
photography, you want to make sure you understand the different cameras, what they
do, how they work, and which one is for what area of photography. Some cameras work
best for sport photographers, while other cameras work best for architectural
photographers. Anyway, you get the point.
Currently, many photographers are using the 35mm cameras in the AF SLR series;
however, other types of photographers prefer the digital compacts. Like the film
compacts, many of the digital compacts are aim and shoot devices, which makes it easy
to get a quick shot at the target.
Different types of these compacts are available; including the digitals that primary focus
on getting images and photos on web pages. Other types work wonders for pro
photographers, since the cameras have mega-pixels incorporated into the camera.
Some of these cameras have features that include built-in flashes, which functions best
indoors or under the lowest level of lighting. The lens on the cameras has a zooming
tool, which enables you to focus in on the target at a wider angle while reaching the
higher aperture.
Other features include the common shutter buttons, which like the film compacts and
many other cameras enables you to activate the cameras functions, such as the
exposure and focus, while the other tool takes the picture itself.
Mode selectors are sort of a wheel, which you rotate it to the mode of choice. Some
cameras have switches instead of wheels, or dials. The modes may include playback so
that you can review your pictures, or else a mode for which type of picture you want to
snap. Some will even enable you to take video clips. Now you can create your own
miniature video for playback at what time you want memories to reoccur.
Other features include the interface, which often connect via FireWire or USB cable to a
computer. This enables you to download your images to a computer. Few cameras
include microphones. In fact, I have a digital camera, cam cord and so on, all built-in to
one system. Before it was stolen the digital device was outstanding, since it presented a
picture that no editing was needed and this picture was rated as one of the most
valuable pictures in Amateur Photography. The camera is made by Mustek, has a 4.1
Mega-Pixel system, Digital Camcorder, USB Portable Disk, and 4X Digital Zoom. The
cam has its own f=6.7mm + 1.5.6 lens and a built-in microphone where you can record
sounds as you create your own mini-home movie. What a delight!
The memory card is a 64MB Scan-Disk Slot Card. You can actually view the movie or
photos on this camera before downloading them to your computer. If you don’t want any
of the pictures taken, delete and start over. Anyway, the point is (this is a darn nice
camera for amateur and pro photographers), that the microphones will also enable you
to voice the images for still movement.
Few of the other digital cameras have viewfinders, zoom control, LCD monitors, flash
buttons, and macro facility. The Macro Facility command is ideal for short-range
shooters. This built-in feature delivers quality photos at a short distance by measuring
through a macro. In fact, many of the computers today are built on chips that make it
possible to snap high quality photos with ease.
Selecting Lens
Selecting lenses for digital photography is important like anything else you will consider
in the business of digital imaging. The marketplace has a variety of lenses to select,
which puts the question in mind, what lens will benefit me and my tasks. The market
offers fixed lens, wide-angle lenses, zoom, telephoto, and standard lenses. To help you
decide we will provide a bit of detail on each lens offered.
Telephoto Lens 50mm
The telephoto lens has a 50mm lens, which narrowly views the scene. This makes the
lens ideal for anyone shooting long-distance scenes. This lens is ideal for anyone
snapping shots during travel, researching for documentary and the likes.
Other telephoto lens includes the 70mm - 200mm and the 70mm – 300mm. Some of the
lens more powerful is the telezooms lens, which deliver 135-400 to 170-500mm. The
higher the MM the more powerful the picture will appear. You can also get the telephoto
lens in fixed mm. The mm’s start at 300 and work up to 600mm’s respectively.
Fixed Lenses
The fixed lenses is more or less an amateurs choice, however these lenses can do
more than most people believe. The fixed lenses can deliver visual excellence photos.
The fixed lenses are said to have circumference over some of the other types of lens,
such as the zoom lens. The fixed lens can provide a top-dog picture since it sees light
on a lower grading scale. The downside is these lenses have a sole length in center
view.
Wide-Angled Lens
The wide-angled lens offers a view wider than the other versions offer. The lens out
measures the range the human eye can extend. Some of the wide-angles are the 2135mm’s, which produce an ultra-capture, while the 15-20mm’s will appeal to anyone
using it. The 16-35mm is one of the most commonly used lens by architectural and/or
travelers respectively.
Zoom Lenses
Zoom lenses combines super-telephoto zooming lens with the wide-angled zooms
making this a choice lens. This lens is ideal for anyone considering the fixed lens, yet
want the wide-angle lens respectively. Instead of purchasing two separate lens, you
would choose this zoom lens, since it will zoom in on lengths surpassing the common
fixed or telephoto super lens.
Standard
The standard lens is a 50mm that will reach the ranges of site up to 28-80mm easily.
This is an ideal lens if you are searching for the traditional mark, yet you want a new
taste of modernity.
The Super-zooms
Super zoom lens is versatile and works like the fixed, wide-angle, zoom, standard, and
telephoto respectively. This lens ranges from between 28-200 to 28-300mm. This lens
has its defects however, since it does not compare to the two-lens, which gives off
sound quality pictures while covering sufficient ranges. It also has a diminutive aperture
at its max.
As you can see selecting the right lens for what you are doing is slightly complex,
however the comparison should help you to see what lens will work best in your
situation. If you are traveling and snapping photos, you definitely want a lens that will
take long-distance shots.
On the other hand, if you are taking close ups you want a lens that will be suitable for
the tasks. Still, you want to keep wide-angles and fixed angles in mind while selecting a
lens for close ups.
Other lens available includes the Macro lens, Perspective-Control lens, Mirror lens,
Fish-eye lens, Image stabilizer, and so forth. The named lenses are generally for those
specializing in photography. Therefore, if you are intending to specialize in photography,
make sure you read up on the lenses details to make the right choice since all of them
function slightly different than the other does.
Chapter 4: Making Pictures for a Living
Digital photography in the making considers many details. If you are on your way to
making pictures for a living, you need to consider more than cameras, printers,
scanners and the like. Digital photography includes composition, focal points, third rules,
new slants, scene frames, foreground, perspective, lines, and sense and so on. There is
no ending to understanding digital photography, especially if you are going pro.
Composition is the plot so to speak. If you wonder what a plot is, it is the specific focus
of the storyline. In other words, if I was snapping a picture at a flower, the plot would be
the flower. While the plot is the focus, it takes you the camera operator to spot the
targets specifics to detail and lay it out on paper. If you see a flower as a plant on the
ground, you are missing the point. Any photographer (good photographer that is) will
see beyond that flowers plant and growth. The flower brings life to the world, which is
something the world often misses. Therefore, if you want to get into photography, get
into the composition in full light.
Imagine:
The sky is orange-yellowish with a tickle of purplish shade, and dark blue waters with
shades of light are offsetting the scene. The light is beaming down onto the earth’s
surface. In the background is a city at a distance and in front of you is a bridge. The
boundaries have a dark surface, and some of the buildings are lit up in the background.
Can you capture all of this in one shot? Sure, you can if you are focusing on the entire
plot or picture.
The concept in this picture is seeing not only the focal point, but the scales that setoff
the image. Now the focal points extend to vertical and horizontal lines. There are two
points to each line that you want to center in on, while keeping the plot in view. This is
the third rules or rules of the thirds in camera or photography language.
Now we can consider framing. Pictures have a marquee, or center attraction, but
borders often setoff the pictures. If you are snapping a picture at a child, you want to
center in on a border while considering scales. For example, you are looking at a child
standing in a corner of the room, yet all the walls are white in color. For me, I prefer
white as an outside attraction, verses being an inside addition. That is, I’d rather not
have white in the scene, unless it sets off a specific portion of the plot. If I am looking at
a snow capped mountain, then I definitely want the white to show up in the plot.
Okay, the child is in the room, what you can pick up with the eye that will setoff that
picture with borders. Are there toy boxes in the room? Are there other pictures in the
room? What is in the room that will border your picture?
You can use slanting while taking pictures on interesting plots, however if you are taken
a shot of a building, it won’t look good slanting.
Foregrounds are like distractions so to speak, or guides rather. You can capture a
foreground scene that will trail the viewing into the plot. For example, if you are taking a
picture of Alabama clay, you could use the cracks in the clay as a foreground to lead the
viewing into the scene.
Some of the most important things you will learn in digital photography is using common
sense, proper lens, cameras, accessories, and the like. Once you have the basics you
are off to the start in pro photography.
Focusing
Focusing is essential in digital photography. One of the biggest topics in digital
photography is lighting. If the light isn’t right, then the picture is coming out in trouble.
Most cameras will see things in a percentage of gray scale with three difference colors
following pursuit. Therefore, photographers focus on backdrops, angles and the like.
It is wiser to add light rather than try to do it in some instances. Most cameras have a
dimmer switch, which you can hit if the light is too bright. If the area is too light, you
want to read your manual to see what exposure affects you can use in this situation.
Otherwise, you can change your position or angle to adjust to the lighting. An ideal if
you are trying to snap a shot with a dark background is holding up a grey colored card
and letting the snaps meter visual this, which will trick the camera and then you can
snap the shot.
One thing you want to keep in mind is that the fixed cameras are manufactured set.
Therefore, if you are using one of these cameras you need to keep distance from the
target in focus. The digital cameras today have automatic focus commands, which
make it easier to control your focus shots. If you are using the digital cameras with auto
focus, you will need to lock in the command to make it work. Go figure! They say
automatic and put you to work.
With a digital camera, you can target the subject or frame in photographers terms. Once
you have the target in focus, you can hold the shutter button down, holding it halfway.
Once you have these steps in place, realize that today’s cameras alert you at what time
the picture is ready to take.
After you have the alert message appearing push the shutter button down and there you
have it. Now that you have a focus, let me stop here for a minute, since I received an email that is fascinating.
It appears the new I-Stick is one of the latest storage mediums for storing files. This
medium comes in 128MB, 256MB, 512MB, 1GB, and 2GB. What a rewarding new
commodity for storing images. Apparently, you can store about anything you want,
including music, spreadsheets, videos, documents, pictures and more.
Anyway, back to focus. Are you focusing on the object or person you want to snap a
shot at? Are you missing the shot? If you are, realize there are programs that will help
you even if you don’t focus properly. If your camera has auto focus, personally, I prefer
not to use this feature, since as a high observational candidate, I trust what I see verses
some auto device taking control of my sight. One thing you want to remember while
snapping pictures is to stand still without moving the camera out of position while it is
targeting the subject. If you move it can cause blurring, which can degrade your picture.
If you are taking pictures with the camera positioned on a surface, your best bet is to
invest in a tripod. Tripods are designed to keep a camera in place while pictures are
being snapped.
If you understanding light, cameras and focus you are half ways to the marketing point
of taking a good picture. Still, even if you can’t get it going on, you can use softwareediting tools to make necessary changes. Remember, cameras also (most) have
automatic timers, which enable you to set the cam to snap a shot at the right time. After
all, it’s all about the image.
Red Eye Reduction
What is red eye reduction?
Red eyes is a state of flashbulb verses light whereas the lighting is off and causes the
flash to hit the eyes in an off-light balance. Red eye is a condition caused by direct flash
photography. Similar, if you don’t get enough sleep, drink too much alcohol, or take
drugs you will see red eyes.
The flashbulbs and lighting of a camera is similar in contrast to the affects of alcohol,
drugs and lack of sleep. The camera however will target the eyes and give off a much
powerful view. Using cameras at an angle inappropriately to the light you will get a offtone once the flashbulb hit its target. This will cause the bulb to target the retina in the
eye area. Now you have red –eyes. You can avoid red-eye by employing a variety of
techniques while controlling the flashbulbs or using different levels of flashers. You can
change the direction of the flash by flicking it up, from the side or down.
If the lighting targeting the subject is low, it will lead to red-eye. If you are using a
camera where the light is lower, the pupils will dilate. This occurs as the flash targets
the eyes, thus the lighting will reflect hitting the retina, thus showing the blood vessels. If
a person is in an area where the lighting is balanced, the contrast provides better
picture. Daylight affects often miss red-eye.
A flash will target the subject and flash a couple of times in an effort to reach its target.
The pre-flashing may hit while the pupils are contracting. The person may blink however
once the photo is taken.
ISO and its Settings:
What are ISO settings?
This is a determiner of how your sensors on your images turnout. If the ISO is at its
highest level it will make the flash sensitive. Reducing the shutter time at half the
original is when the ISO is doubled.
So does that mean that ISO setting should be highest possible?
To say the least, if you have a higher ISO setting capacity and a lower time for shutter,
you will see a sharper outcome. Still, it is not always true. The sound quality will
increase if the ISO is at a higher value. The image may show up flecks or specks.
Therefore, the better choice of camera for few is the pointer and shooters, since most
have a valued 100 ISO.
You can use software’s to remove problem areas in a photo, yet you may remove some
of the details in the pictures. Accordingly you want the best possible ISO valued settings
while considering light availability.
If you already have the picture, you can employ image-manipulation programs of quality
to reduce the redness also. Yet, the programs do more, since you can crop, blur,
contrast, and the likes by using the proper tools. If the background in the picture has off
colors, you can adjust the colors so that the picture is of higher quality. Nowadays, there
is less need to worry about red-eyes or imbalanced photos since technology has made
it possible to dress up some of the worst pictures taken. The cameras nowadays also
have many features that work with lighting, which is why red-eyes occur. Furthermore,
you resolution may be off in your camera; therefore you will need to review your user’s
manual to determine the resolution level. The highest level of resolution is
recommended, unless you are uploading your files to a website.
Shadows and Brightness in Contrasting
When the lights come down to the final draw what will your picture look like? Some
people are gifted and can take a picture straight from a camera and deliver a quality
shot. It would be nice if we all could do this, but it is not a reality. Nor is a reality that
those fortunate people can do this each time they use a camera. What are we to do?
I say we all go bowling and take the rest of the night off, however you are probably
waiting to get the brightness adjusted while shadowing and contrasting your photos. Ok,
then, i am like Erkle in some ways on the bowling part, except he probably can do better
than me. Therefore, let’s edit, since I do have a feel in this area.
Anyway, you snapped a photo that you hoped would come out looking like a winner. In
the photo is your favorite pet, yet in the background the scene is dark. What are you to
do? Crack open the image-manipulator program because you are going to need a few
tools. Now that we have an underexposure shot situation, we want to turn this picture
inside out and make it an exposure copy.
Most editing software’s or at least a lot of them will automatically adjust brightness and
contrast by using filters. The downside is the computers can’t read a picture as you can
read it, and will adjust the photo to its own liking, which is often not to your liking.
Therefore, you want to get out your thinking cap, since you are going to manual adjust
your own brightness, contrast and shadow if you like.
Assuming you are using Photo Deluxe imaging manipulators, we are going to check out
the commands brightness and contrast. Once you select the commands, you will notice
a dialogue box appearing in the window. The box should have sliders. With your mouse,
click on the brightness slide and move it left or right, depending on what you are
seeking to achieve.
If you want less brightness, move the slider to the right. Do the same, dragging the
slider to the left if you want a darker image. If you notice in the dialogue box, there is a
little white box with numbers showing. You can use this box to select your own level of
contrast or brightness if you know what you are doing. Likewise, to achieve contrast
effect, move the slider either left or right.
Tip
You should highlight the area you want to contrast or brighten, since if you command
brightness and contrast to adjust the entire pictures and some areas are dark while
others are light, you will get an off tone shading. That is, the light areas depends if dark
or light will either get darker or lighter.
Note: YOU can use the saturation command to adjust overexposure colors if they
appear flushed down.
One downside about Deluxe Photo programs is that it doesn’t give you the sophisticated
commands that Photoshop offers. Still, you can do a lot with either program if you know
your moves. It pays to learn the commands in all imaging-manipulating programs so
that you have a feel of the table when the cards fall down.
You can use the Shadows Command to cast a shadow over the image. You are the
only one looking at this image now, so it is up to you to adjust accordingly. You can play
with each command, experimenting with the image as long as you saved an original
copy and backed it up. This will give you the opportunity to learn your stuff.
All Sorts of Printing Needs
Printers are something I have considered blowing up many times, since these critters
cause more trouble sometimes than what they are worth. However, if you are digital
photography you realize how valuable these items on in the biz.
Digital photographers are aware that they need cameras, printers, software, and much
more while working with photography. The software is important since if you do not
have the right software it could lead you nowhere. Not only is software important
however, you also need to consider printer resolution, paper styles, inks, and more. You
will also need to get in on the printer troubleshooting scope, misalignments, banding,
roller marks, missing colors or incorrect colors, smeared and blurred photos and more.
Oh, what a web we weave while considering digital photography.
Software for Printers
Printer software is one of the leading programs that photographers employ today, since
it has taken the place of many darkrooms. Most any printer you purchase will include a
software program, which permits the user to set the printer as he desires, including
paper type and print resolution.
Print resolution
If you are seeking to achieve high-quality photos, the ideals are to optimum your
printer’s resolution. Most professional photographers will set the resolution at 300dpi
(dots per inch). Some photographers may not like the size of the images and may set
the resolution at 200dpi. One of the things you want to keep in mind while setting
resolutions is that the dimensions should achieve a height, a width, and a resolution.
The upside is if you change the resolution on most printers, it will automatically adjust
width and height of image accordingly. For additional printer help you should refer to
your user’s manual.
Paper Types
Printers need to know what type of paper you will use while printer from the machine.
Knowing the paper type will help the printer to determine the effects of your images.
Therefore, if you do not have a printer that mechanically adjusts to paper type, then you
will need to learn the settings on your printer to command the machine.
Inkjet paper gloss types in premium demand is one of the better quality papers available
that will deliver high-quality photos. Don’t think because you are a pro that you have to
run out a buy printer paper that labels your career. Rather, inkjet paper has been
around for some time, and accordingly to experts inkjet offers some of the better quality
paper overall papers on the market for print.
Printer Inks
It depends on your printer, but some are laser while others are dye and so on. Inks are
important to photographers, since if the colors are off base it can affect the printer. Most
printers come with four cartridges; however, there are the elite, which have onecartridge or else six cartridges. The six cartridge printers are said to be one of the elite
printers offered. Instead of receiving black, magenta, yellow, and cyan, you also get a
lighter version of cyan and magenta ink. Dot inks or printers that spill out dot inks can
affect the sharpness of your images. Dyes provides a high-quality image, while the
pigment inks are water-proof and fade-resistant inks that work well with photography
needs, however the cost outweighs other types of inks. Still if you want quality verses
price, the pigments might be the route to take.
Now that you have a printer, paper, ink, resolution in check, and software you will need
to learn a bit about troubleshooting, since printers often fail. Learn how to deal with
issues such as banding, roller marks, missing or incorrect colors, misalignments,
smeared and blurred photos and more, to prepare for printer disaster.
The Type of Printers
If you are in photography, you know how valuable printers are for your business. In the
photo biz, the market offers a variety of printers to select, however the prime two
printers are the dye sublimations and the Inkjets. In addition, printers are available for
home studios, including printers that print from a camera. Epson is one of the name
brand printers that have a series that will print from camera through usage of a slot card.
Inkjet Printers
We will start with the Inkjet printers, since this is the most common name employed over
the market. Inkjet printers often provide high quality pictures, providing you select the
right choice of printer. If the printer is delivering small dots for print, the higher the odds
of photos printing of quality.
Dye Sublimation Printers
The Dye Subs produce higher quality pictures than the standard inkjets in most
instances. The downside is you will pay more for this printer than you will an inkjet and
only get a limited amount of prints. Rather, the size is limited. The ideal of selecting a
printer for your needs is considering printing resolution, speed, and inks. The higher the
resolution the better odds of your film coming out in quality color. The optical resolution
for quality pictures should be around 4000dpi or 1440dpi. The speed is essential, since
some printers are slow to process quality pictures, which could hold you up. Consider
the Canon brands while thinking speed.
Tip: If you travel frequently and do not have a working computer and need to print
film, there are printers available that will print directly from a compatible camera.
Inks are important to consider, since you want a printer that has black and white as well
as color inks. Some printers have one cartridge which combines color with black and
white, while others have multi-colored cartridges. While considering inks you want to
look into the dye inks, since these inks produce quality pictures, as well as look into the
amount of cartridges. Some printers for example have six cartridges, which is said to
produce higher quality images.
The most common inks are cyan, magenta, yellow, and black. The six colored printers
may be a choice for those printer pictures continuously, and searching for the best
quality pictures available.
Large formatting printers are ideal for photographers that create poster size images.
These printers are commonly used in studios where professionals are searching to
deliver size while reducing cost.
Once you have selected the printer of choice, you will next need to consider software for
printers, print resolution, paper style, inks, and so forth. You also want to consider
details about printers we all hate to experience, such as troubleshooting, banding,
misalignments, missing or incorrect colors, smeared or blurred prints, and roller marks.
Each detail plays a role in digital photography. Just when you thought, photography
equaled camera, operator, and film and that the rest was an easy task, and then
someone had to come along and fill you in on all details of photography. What a
remarkable ride one will take while considering digital photography:
Since digital photography came into light, more and more people are out to get in on the
action. If you are one of those people, I encourage you to read all information available
to you on digital photography before venturing off into a world that just might rock your
mind. Not only does this photography industry take skill and a keen eye for photos, it
also takes a lot of equipment, accessories, and the like to get the job done right.
Printer Tech Tips
Having a printer sometimes can give anyone a major headache. Printers often work
smoothly, yet sometimes they just seem to want to take a vacation at what time we
need them the most. At what time they take that vacation we are prancing around the
room, heads pulling back our hair, and screaming all those words our mommas told us
not to use.
Printers come in handy while creating digital images. Photographers will often employ
printers to print photos. At one time, they relied on a darkroom, but since printers,
scanners, and the like came available, printers are the source of reaching the ultimate
limit of high quality pictures for print. In this article, we will discuss a few issues and will
provide some helpful tips so that you can avoid walking the floor, pulling your hair and
using those words momma told you not to use. Here we go!
Troubleshoot
Troubleshooting is one of the prime considerations as a printer starts acting up.
Troubleshooting tools are often available on your printer, or in your printer’s manual.
Some of the prime problems printers will face are banding horizontally, misaligning
vertically, miss colors or print incorrect colors, blur or smudge photos, and roller marking.
Follow the steps below to see the problems and get a solution.
Problem
I printed my photo, which came out with lines all over the paper. My photo is a disaster.
You got that right. After all, who wants to see a picture with lines blocking the view?
Solution
Go to the locate tavern and get a beer. Just kidding! Anyway, lines on print are known
as horizontal banding. The solution is to make sure that the paper is positioned correctly.
Be sure the type of media is correct, or run a cleaning, which is often incorporated in the
printer, thus cleaning the heads. You will need to refer to your user’s manual for
complete details, since it is hard to say what type of printer you own.
Problem
Roller Marks is just as it appears. This means that at what time you print an image it
comes out with marks all over the photo.
Solution
You will need your manual, since if this problem occurs you want specifics on cleaning
the rollers. First, however you want to make sure the paper is in the tray, positioned
upward.
Problem
Vertical Misalignments is a common problem. At what time the photo comes out of the
printer you will see a double image around the edges, and sometimes in the middle of
the print.
Solution
Call Ghostbusters. The solution is to correct the type of media, check the paper for
correct positioning, clean the heads, use your alignment utilizes, and make sure the inks
are refreshed. Refer to your user’s manual for more details on cleaning heads, using
alignment utilizes and refreshing inks.
Problem
Missing colors or incorrect colors are white and black images, which is often what a
photographer does not want to see. I want my picture in color!
Solution
Make sure that the settings for ink are correct. You want the ink settings in color format.
Renew the inks if the ink is low. Use your cleaners to clean the heads. Check with your
manual to learn more!
Problem
Smearing and blurring print is one of the most frustrating appearances that come out of
a printer.
Solution
You want to make sure the type of media is correct. Next, you can verify that the paper
is facing up and position correctly. Refer to your user’s manual for more details.
Happy printing!
Choosing the Right Color Gamut for Your Images
What is a color gamut?
A gamut is correctly categorized as the span of colors that a device can create, such as
a printer or monitor. People use different terminology color gamut, device gamut, or
simply gamut but they all mean the same thing. The gamut is basically a way of
representing the span of colors a printer can print or the scope of colors a monitor can
display.
There are many colors gamut’s on the marketplace today, like Adobe RGB, sRGB, LAB,
Pro-Photo RGB etc. Even though Pro-Photo and LAB are one of the best color gamut’s
available and have the vast color range (color range for Pro-Photo is 281 trillion colors!)
making it the better choice for images.
Most of our inkjet printers and laser printers are pretty much ineffective for this kind of
color scope. In fact, almost 99% of the color printers nowadays are based on sRGB.
Thus, most of the pictures out there are in sRGB.
Well there are some downsides also with using sRGB. As such, it has a very small color
spans though it is still larger than CMYK. The problem with sRGB lies in the fact that it
does not represent the entire scope of visible spectrum, which means that the color of
your image and print output may vary a lot from the original color.
Such a small color spectrum clarifies that you would get saturated colors more often
than not. Also during some editing work, there is every possibility that you may eliminate
the colors that are even close.
There are several reasons why the color range must be very large. The first one is so
that it has a higher color appeal. In addition, it will print a much better image on a printer
that supports more colors than the regular sRGB based printers.
Adobe RGB is way larger span than sRGB. It has the same number of colors, because
the image is around 8-bits. But these colors are spread over a much larger area, so the
colors bright fringes, which are symbolic in RGB Adobe format, yet the sRGB differs.
Thus, this brings Pro Adobe to dwarf the RGB. Pro-Photo is a 16-bit RGB space, thus it
has trillion of colors.
But can a printer actually print all of these? The answer is no, simply because the
human eye is unable to as well, yet the point is missed here. The point is that PROPhoto will be able to symbolize the orders of scale more colors than the sRGB,
therefore even if you convert to sRGB in the end you're more likely to have an accurate
conversion without losing colors.
What more can you ask for, since society is moving at the speeds of lightning why not
check out gamut’s to see if it works for you. Photographers often have less time to
spend on minor details, thus speed is always a need in digital photography. If you want
to learn more about gamut and how it works, you best bet is to research the market.
This may be a high technology resolution for some people, however for others it might
not be an option to consider.
Remember, if you are searching to learn what to buy for your new photography career,
reading all the information and staying informed is ideal to help you along the way.
Many photographers have posted sites that may provide information, however many
I’ve noticed only offer photo galleries. Still some content-based informative sites do exist.
Shuttling the Buttons
Well I guess we talked about every darn thing in photography you can imagine without
getting all the details, thus, I guess we need to understand the shutter buttons now,
since failing to know what these buttons do, can cause you to miss out on a shot.
The shuttle button works to snap a picture as you capture the scene. Shutter buttons
have speeds, which is important to understand. If you don’t understand the shutter
buttons, you might have a problem with images, since this is a crucial feature. The lens
to some people is the most important feature of a camera, however if the lens and
shutter button are working in union with a backer, then failure will occur. If you are firing
a shot at a bus passing down a highway and fail to hit the shutter button, don’t blame
the camera if there is no picture in the housing stored.
Setting the Speed
This is at what time you want to use a lower shutter speed if you are taking a picture of
a moving target. The speeds are based on seconds; therefore if the target is moving try
to set the shuttle at 1/3. The picture will come out blurred but it will let the viewer see
that the target was on the run. To make sure you are reaching the best possible picture
in events of snap shots you want to keep aperture and speed in mind while using the
shuttle buttons.
If you are targeting a moving image, then try to use a speed at 1/125 or else you can
reduce the speed to 1/20. Of course the target is moving, so you want to maneuver the
camera in groove with the target. Now you are panning!
Some cameras have a shuttle mode. The modes may be labeled T and B. The B stands
for bulb, while the T stands for Time. The options are dedicated to giving you a quality
picture at a distance. You can control length and exposure with these functions.
While using the shuttle button you can hold it halfway down in order to prepare for the
shot. Once the scene comes into view as you wish it to appear you can hold down the
button and the camera will get the image on its storage. This is the bulb effect. The T
mode will drain the battery, depending on the camera; therefore use this function with
thought.
The slow speeds are often used at what time the photographer is snapping a shot
where the lights are low. If you are in a darken area you may want to situate the camera
so that it is steady, such as on a tripod. You may want to use your remote control
release that comes with most cameras instead of hitting the shuttle button directly. This
will cause slight movement, and if the lights are low, you need slowness and sturdiness
as much as possible. You can also set the timer to snap the shot while it is situated on
the tripod. You can also use the slow speeds at what time you are taking pictures of a
moving snake, frog, water, and the like.
Faster shutter speeds are often employed at football fields. If you are at a sporting event
and want to capture a player in action, your best bet is using the fast speed mode.
Some of the better cameras on the marketplace are the SLR series; however, I noticed
the Mustek Digital Cams and Camcorders combined are nice photo shooters.
Storage Mediums
Whether you like it or not, if you are dealing with images, you will need Floppy Discs,
Zip discs, memory cards, card readers, adaptors, and the like. Memory cards are handy
extras. Cameras often have memory chips or cards available with the purchase. Most of
the memory cards however do not offer sufficient memory to hold high-quality images
on a single card. Some of the cards include the 2MB, 4MB, and 8MB. One of the
cameras I own only has a 64MB card attached. This is ok if you take low-resolution
pictures, but if you are taking high-resolutions, the files are large.
If you take loads of pictures, be sure to check your manual to see what size the camera
photos overall results are. This will help you to determine the amount of memory you
will need, yet don’t forget compression. If you compress your files, you can clear up a
little space.
Flops
Floppy disks are the oldest storage mediums in existence. While new technical devices
are coming on the market, floppy seems to holds its own in a place of digit delight. The
downside the floppy drives and floppy disks are compatible with fewer devices as the
revolutionary digital comes into play. You will have to check compatibilities if you are
considering floppy disks for image storage.
Computer Cards
The older model cameras may permit storage of images onto a PC card. You will need
to refer to your manual to learn about compatibilities, formats and the like before buying
PC cards.
Smart Media
The Smart Media Cards is dissimilar from a Compact card. The Smart Cards are more
compatible with the newer cameras, yet you need to check for compatibility. These
cards resemble the 5 ¼ Flops.
Compact Flash Cards
Compact Flash Cards are available in sizes up to 64Megabytes MB, yet you will pay a
pretty penny for these cards. Of course, the price of the other cards named is not cheap
either.
One of the upsides is that computers today still have workable floppy drives. The disks
for these drives are dirt cheap, meaning you can turn 1.5 megabytes into gigabytes at
less the price you would pay for half the cards or other storage mediums on the market.
If you use the floppies you need to make sure to compress your files, otherwise, a
single floppy disk will not hold a large resolution image.
Removable storage mediums are available also, which includes the Zips. These are
fabulous storage mediums, which I seem to like personally aver all others. Lexar Media
is another of the external or removable drives available, which this little gadget costs
around $38 yet it will hold an entire hard drive easily. The Jump Drives are secure
supposedly.
I have one personally and one thing you want to make sure of is to unplug the drive if
you are cleaning up files on your hard drive. I lost all my files before I realized this, and
now I can share it with you. The Lexar has around 128MB, while other options may be
available. Still, Zip drives and disks are my all-time favorites. The zip disks will hold
around 100MB of files. According to few, the zip disks will hold around 100 full-length
books and covers included. I have to second-guess this, but I do know the disks will
hold a surplus of files.
Other mediums for photography images storage is the SuperDisks, Super-Floppy,
SyQuest SparQ, and the like. The super-floppies hold around 120MB and will work fine
on a standard floppy drive. Some of the mediums cost less than many of the cards.
Resizing Resolution Issues
Resolution and pixels are essential in digital photography. If you do not have the proper
resolution camera and pixels per inches, likely you will come up with low quality pictures.
This is not only a waste of time, but it is a bummer to a trying photographer.
As mentioned in earlier periodicals resolution when medium or high will produce quality
pictures. Likewise, if you have higher numbers of pixels per inch you will get a large
quality photo. The standard resolution is medium or high, while the standard pixel is
around 300 PPI, i.e. pixel per inch. Still, the pixels and resolution is based on web page
or photos. For example, if you are creating images for a web page, then you want a low
resolution verses a higher resolution image. On the other hand, if you are shooting
photos for publications, you want medium or high-resolution images.
We mentioned too that if you use photo-editing software to up sample or down sample a
photo that it could cause problems, since deleting too many pixels or adding too many
can defect the photo or images. Therefore, we need to consider resizing because most
photographers are aware that this is the better choice in editing. To change the
resolution of your images you can use the resize option in your editing program. Most
photographers utilize Photo Adobe Shop, since it is one of the better programs on the
market. The editing program will also provide additional features for creating, chopping,
cropping, and so forth.
During the resize, you want to focus on the pixels and keep them in check. Pixels in
resize mode are like bread cooking in the oven. If you put too much ingredients in the
mixture it will corrupt the cooking process. On the other hand, if you put in the right
amount of ingredients the bread dough will fill in all the necessary details to produce
eatable bread.
While resizing your photos in your photo-editing software it is important to resize at the
highest number of pixels. If you are using Photo Impact as a program to resize the
images, it is relatively simple. Merely pull down the pixel or resolution size you want the
photo to be and there you have it. If you upload a picture to this program, like most
other editing software’s you will notice the higher you set the picture resolution, the
smaller the picture will appear.
To size your photos you will need to save a copy as backup. Next, from your windows
box in your editing software you will need to select the size tab, which will display a
dialogue box. You should notice width-pixels, height-pixels, and resolution –pixels/inch
respectively. At the bottom of the screen, you will see two boxes checked, one is the
proportions box, and the other is file size. Deselect the box labeled file size whereas the
check mark will vanish. Now you are ready to adjust the dimensions of the pixels
accordingly. You will select the pixel drop down box and select the pixels measured in
units, adjusting the height and width.
Web page images: Keep the images or pixels and resolution low for web page images.
Respectively, keep the images around 72 pixels per inches if the photos are going on a
web page. Any pixels above 96 will cause slowness of downloading. This will only
annoying visiting users and will turn them away from the website. You will also see less
traffic coming to the site, because when one user is disappointed, he/she makes sure
others are aware of this disappointment.
Photos: Keep the images on medium or high resolution around 300 PPI for photos to
print.
Getting in on the Reflections
Getting on the reflections means getting up to par on the remote and cable releases,
short-range infrareds, corded electronic releases, long-range transmitters and receivers,
tri-flectors, reflectors, and on and on and on.
If you are not familiar with photography then this list probably has you on a trip to no
man’s land. On the other hand, if you know the biz then you are aware already as to
what these items mean to photos and cameras, or photography as a whole.
The short-range infrared shoots units to a shutter up to sixteen feet. The unit is very
small and will work wonders on ranges at a distance. Remote release is ideal for
shutters that fail to fire on its own. long-range transmitters and receivers are ideal for
anyone taking photos of the wildlife. The transmitters target the receiver in a direct
course of action, while the receivers take care of the broken rudiments. Its sort of like
drums. The function works in a pattern, i.e. there are twenty-six basic rudiments, and
from those rudiments, you can create other rudiments by combining them. Comparing to
pixels you can see the comparison respectively. There are an infinite number of
combinations. A rudiment is a phrase or a beat, or pattern of beats, while pictures have
a pattern that a photographer will follow.
Cable releases are similar to triggers and pins on a pistol, i.e. the release bolt onto the
shutters button and once pressed a pin will extend releasing the shutter by hitting its
trigger.
Cord Electronic Releases is what most cameras employ to shoot the shutter releasing
the camera to act. Once the trigger and shutter is released, the picture in focus is hit.
Now that you have an overall view of reflections, you will need to consider lights and its
accessories. Lighting is one of the most important issues a photographer will deal with
at any given time. If the light is off track, thus the pictures will appear faulty. This is a
photographer’s worst nightmare, or at least one of the worst.
Photographers often consider various accessories while dealing with light. Some of the
accessories include Tri-flectors, reflectors, diffusers, collapsible reflectors, California
Sunbounces, exposure meters and more.
Tri-flectors are similar to reflectors, i.e. they sort of bounce light onto the area of picture
target. Lights work in colors, i.e. most colors are red, green, and blue, which if targeted
correctly will appear white. Tri-flectors work to retrieve lost light from a subject.
Reflectors again work to target light back to the subject. The reflectors are handy, since
it will create a picture of choice, rather a picture of doom.
California Sunbounces are reflectors larger than average. These reflectors are often
used in studios where portraits are taken or fashion is the subject, since the reflector
adds total control to photo shots.
Collapsible reflectors are the choice reflectors of many photographers. This reflector will
opt, a photographer to have full control of his/her lighting.
Diffusers are ideal, since the diffusers will reduce unnecessary lighting. For example, if
the lighting is high-pitched obviously you will need some control, which the diffusers
come in to give that control.
Exposure meters are the better choice if you combine flash control with light control.
The market sells three styles of these meters, thus knowing exactly what the meters do
is important, since out of three one is the most chosen by photographers. The flash
meters, light meters and combined meters function in one way or another. The flash
meter gauges flash, while the light meter gauges light, more specifically ambient lights.
Chapter 5: The Tools and Software for Editing the
Images
Many photographers use digital images to promote a website. If you are loading images
onto your website for promotional purposes, it is essential that you understand some of
the rules. If you load images up on a high resolution or high pixel count, your site will
become a problem no one wants to deal with.
Digital cameras make it easy to upload photos onto a website. It is important that you
are aware that content verses graphics or images are more effective for promotion.
Again, the size of graphics and images matter, since if you put up huge files it will take
longer to download the images. This is not only a problem for those impatient souls; it is
a problem for those using dial-up connections. Most times huge images will freeze up or
shut down their Internet connection.
To optimize your web pages you want to add more content and keep a single page filled
with images around 50K max. The pixels should be around 72 or at most 96 for web
pages. The resolution should be low as well. You can employ your photo-editing
software to downsize or upsize your photos accordingly. It s important while exploiting
your JPEG files that you compress the files on a high setting for the best effects,
otherwise you may run into problems. JPEG is one of the wider used formats for
websites. JPEG like GIFF enables you to compress at higher levels, still JPEG is the
most highly viewed formatting on the Internet.
The value is what determines the size. In your photo-editing program, you may see size
in the dialogue box believing this determines the size, however the value is what you
want to consider when resizing images. You can view image file size by selecting the
Files option then Open and clicking on the file name.
While putting your files on the Internet avoid saving the files in any other format other
than GIF or else JPEG. These are the common file names that websites recognize. It is
important that your images match the description of your website. Putting up graphics or
images irrelevant to the site will only discourage visitors. That is if the person is looking
for something from the website, some picture like pictures and will spend wasted hours
on in checking out the photos. There is only a handful of these people existing,
therefore keep it relevant.
You want to employ text links in the images, especially if the images are downloadable.
The text links will prevent downloading of unwanted images. It also links you page to
other web pages within the same site, or else text links will link your site to other sites
which increases traffic. You can add the text links to hyperlinks respectively.
You should add navigational links through text links on the web pages, which gives the
visitors the option of selecting the images for downloading. One thing that will steer
visitors away from a site is websites that automatically download to a computer without
authorization. You do this to my computer and I will tell everyone to stay clear of your
site.
The size of the images should remain consistent with the pixels provided on your
computer. If you try to make the images larger that, your computer pixels prepare to
meet trouble. The file size is based on the pixel count.
Next, you want to copyright your images. If you intend to use these images as
promotional tools, it is important that you realize anyone can take these images from
your site and do as they please with them.
Image Scanners
Scanners are part of the photography biz you truly want to understand. The different
types of scanners available could make it difficult to shop for the right model, however if
you are not up to par on what scanners make a difference in digital photography, then
you are heading down the wrong path. While considering scanners you will need to
consider functions, but above all else, you will need to consider (ppi), (dpi) and
resolution.
Scanners have taken the place of darkrooms basically. Scanners enable photographers
to snap a shot, scan the picture, and load it to computer, edit, and print. Scanners
convert images into a digital photo, by using light. You can use scanners separately
from editing programs, or else you can use photo-editing software to process the
images. The resolution of the scanner makes a difference in photography.
The tip of the day is to consider a scanner that has high resolution and speed. The
types of scanners include the flatbeds and film scanners. The flatbeds, integrates
transparent hoods, scan them, and construct the slides or negatives into a working
image. Most flatbed scanners are similar to min-photocopiers. The beds are small and
will fit comfortable on a small table of choice or even below your computer stand if you
choose. Flatbeds are versatile, which makes life easier.
Tip: 3200 Dots per inch flatbeds work well with higher resolution images.
If you are in the photography business, the ideal scanners are the film scanners, since
these handy devices are specifically designed to meet film needs. The downside is if
you are working with plain images for play, the scanner may not offer you what the
flatbed scanner may offer, since the film does just what it says, works with film only.
Most films used on the scanner are taken from a 35mm camera; however, other
cameras are used with this scanner.
While considering photography and scanners you may want to combine the two and buy
both scanners, since the flatbeds will scan 3D photos while the film scanners will not.
Most times, you can pick up a flatbed scanner for less than hundred bucks.
Now that you know, the types of scanners to consider you can move onto the resolution.
This is highly important for digital images. The resolution and pixels is what determines
how a picture will appear on paper. If you are publishing the pictures on a website
however, you want to keep the resolution low, e.g. around 72ppi (pixels per inch).
On the other hand, if you want quality pictures to show in magazines you will need high
resolution. Film scanners generally offer 4000dpi (dots per inch), which is ideal for nonInternet pictures. The highest number of resolution to consider for non-Internet
publishable images is around 300dpi. If you are editing on a photo-editing program,
such as Adobe then you want to set the resolution and pixels according to your needs.
Tip: If you have a low resolution, camera, and try to make a picture larger on the on
photo-editing software the images will blur. The low-resolution cameras generally
deliver smaller pictures.
Therefore, while consider resolution for scanners, you will also need to consider
resolution for cameras. Now you see you will need a medium to high-resolution camera,
high-resolution scanner, and a few other accessories to achieve a high-quality picture.
Tip: Optical Resolution is the key factor in determine scanners. The optical is
notable in the equation pixel per inch (PPI) verses dots per inch (DPI).
Software for Scanners
Scanners, cameras, computers, accessories and software all work together to produce
quality pictures in photography. At one time, you hid in a darkroom hoping the pictures
would come out in color. Nowadays, you can use a camera, scanner, editing software,
and accessories to achieve what you once had to do in a darkroom. Talbot is the first
man to come up with photography; however as the needs became more demanding,
others developed high-resolution solutions for achieving the best possible photos ever.
Software for scanners is critical, especially if you are promoting photos for a business.
The software’s will cover document style, resolution and image size, mode and user
setting, single or batch scanning and so forth.
Starting with document styles is an informative tool for scanners, since this function will
let the scanner know what type of picture you are dealing with. The transparent is the
slide pictures and the reflective is the pints. It depends on the scanner, but few enable
you to select color.
Mode and user settings optimizes parameters that will mange the pictures overall
appearance. If you are setting up a scanner to take shots of publishing photos outside
of the Internet, thus the resolution will automatically set accordingly at your command.
Typically, photographers stay within the 300dpi or 300ppi areas of resolution. If the
photos are going aboard the Internet thus the settings would read 72dpi. Resolution or
dots per inch/pixel per inch higher than 72 for web pages will only slow the downloading
process, which discourages visitors, or incoming traffic:
Resolution and image size is critical. Thus, software will help manage the resolution and
size of photos easily. The key is keeping the optical resolution at a limited level, i.e.
around 4000dpi otherwise; the size of the picture will alter.
Single or batch scans is an option for scanning one image, or multiple images. If you
are scanning more than one photo, obviously you want to select batch scan. Regardless
of your choice, you have the option of reviewing your images with scanning software.
This is an ideal, since in the viewing you can determine if this is what you are seeking to
achieve. If the image is not to your likings, you can use the crop features to shorten or
heighten the image, or else use the adjustment commands to alter the image or balance
the colors. You can also use the saturations command to adjust the colors and
brightness with the software. Likewise, you can use histograms to adjust the picture.
You have red-eye adjusters in many software programs that will enable you to adjust
the redness in the images also.
The adjustments made to images typically include crop, auto-exposure, auto and
manual focus, histogram, and brightness, contrast, color controls and saturation.
Become acquainted with these functions, especially if you are working in the digital
photography industry.
Auto-exposure determines the overall caption of the images. Histogram adjusts the
center tones, shadowing and highlights of the image. Crop enables you to cut out
elements within the image. Auto and manual focus provides you the ability to tell the
scanner which areas of the photo you want more emphasis on, thus adjusting
accordingly.
Brightness either adds or deducts the lighting, while contrast enables you to adjust the
images level of light. You can use the color controls to add more color or take away
some of the coloring in the pictures. If you own Adobe Photoshop, thus other features
are available where you can have loads of fun coming up with wacky pictures. You
might like this on your day off. For example, if you want to blow up your sister-n-law,
making her ten times her normal weight, hey, you can do this.
Software Applications and the Like
Digital photography is a growing industry where it seems everyone and his brother is
out on the market to snap a shot. If you are one of those people in the market for
photography, you might want to become acquainted with software applications, since
you will be using them a lot. The programs come in all forms and most offer something
different, however one of the most valuable tools photographers will employ is imagemanipulation programs.
Application programs can help you reach the limited quality of imaging while printing
your photos or adding them to web pages. Cataloguing software applications is one of
the few application programs that can enhance images in a slightly different method
than imaging manipulating programs, i.e. this program organizes your images, which
enhances your ability to find those photos with ease. Image-manipulation is another of
the software applications available that enables you to change your images at leisure.
Cataloguing Software
Cataloguing software applications is an image management program or package for
albums, which means that you can categorize your photos stored on your computer,
thus finding them with ease. Once your pictures are organized, they will be stored in a
file cabinet and labeled accordingly. If you want to make adjustments the package often
provides manipulation tools, however if you want max capabilities for achieving quality
perfect pictures, you will need an image manipulator.
Image-manipulation programs
With some programs you can crop, convert, add color, change colors, change size,
enhance, manipulate and more. One of the choice programs is Adobe, however if you
are low on cash, and amateur in the field of photography, you may want to look into
other programs that offer similar features. One of the things I like about Adobe, which
other manipulating programs will do also, is that you can blur images, blow up the
images, and create 3D images and more. I had fun blowing up my sister-n-law making
her look three times the size she actually once. Not that she needed additional weight or
anything. She sort of looked like a large balloon. Anyway, that is my entertainment, but
you can also design book covers and more with these programs.
Other types of software programs include Rescue, Website Creation, specialist, and
DVD software for view. Most of these programs are marketed for a variety of reasons
outside of photography, however many photographers will employ these programs.
Rescue programs for images are valuable tools, since if you loose your pictures or
images; these programs will recover the files by scanning all areas selected.
DVD viewers are a CD burner so to speak. This viewer enables you to burn your
images to a DVD and watch them on a VHS or DVD player. This gives a person the
upper edge, since what you may miss on a computer you will see live in color on a
television screen.
Specialist software’s are programs that enable you to create calendars, business cards,
and the like. These are also handy for promotional purposes.
Website Creation is invaluable at the moment. The programs enable you to walk
through a series of steps to create your own website. If you ever paid for web hosting,
you know that the prices are costly. Each month you will pay around $50 to keep the
site up and running. Why not take the cheaper route and create your own designs.
Tip: Always search for versatile programs, since these programs often have more
to offer. You also want to consider power while thinking image-manipulation
software. Anytime you purchase quality, most times you will receive quality and
quantity in return.
Software Manipulating Tools
Okay, now you may have purchased the image-manipulation programs for enhancing
those images. Possibly, you bought one of the most sophisticated programs available,
which has tons of options to choose from. So, you are just starting out in photography
and have never used these programs before. In front of your computer screen is an
open windowpane, and in that pane, it is requesting you to type in a command. What do
I choose?
Some of the tools offered in the program includes, Crop, Layers, Clone, Exposure, Unsharp Mask, Blur, Color, Desaturation, and so forth. If you are seeing these tools, you
want to take carefully notes, since many photographers will employ all of these tools on
a single image before completing a task. I remember the first time I opened up Adobe
Photo and seen such tools. My first expression was, somebody get me out of here! Well,
nobody came so I ventured off to see where it would go, and low in behold; I was in love.
These image-manipulating programs are so fascinating that it will blow your mind.
Therefore, to un-blow your mind we will offer you a few tips to help you along your
journey of manipulating those images.
Crop
Crop is one of the most frequently employed tools in image-manipulating programs.
This feature is utilized to cut out areas of an image or picture that you do not want
others to see. For example, if you snapped a shot of a mate and in the background is a
detailed view of your home area, you can use crop and come up with your mate in the
picture only. You can use other features in certain programs to add colorful
backgrounds also. This feature also enables you to speed up the process of image
printing, since it will decrease the size of the images. You can save computer hard drive
space with this handy buddy.
Layers
Layers enable you to create multiple copies of one image so to speak. You can alter,
manipulate, adjust, crop and so forth but choosing layers will enable you to keep the
original image or photo untouched. Imagine that, you can change a picture without
touching it. Go figure!
Clone
This is at what time you want more than one. Just kidding:
This feature enables you to take out elements that you do not want in the pictures;
rather you can remove entire parts of a picture or the dusty areas in sections. The Clone
tool will work with the frame through a clone process and transfer the image. You will
need to learn more about the brushes used in these programs, since it plays a part in
cloning. The clone will employ a brush to move objects and remove areas of a photo
through a backdrop result.
Blur
Blur is not what it seems. You can use this tool to blur out backgrounds that you don’t
want in an image. Like crop, you can do pretty much the same thing with this feature.
One of the most common blurs that photographers will use is the Gaussian.
Adjusting tools include the Exposure, Color, and Desaturation. Using these tools, you
can get a sound picture in color.
Exposure
Exposure has a couple of different selections, or levels if you will. You can use Curves
or Levels in the menu to manipulate images. The tools are confusing, however levels is
one of the most popular since it can be employed with ease. With this tool you can tone,
shadow or highlight images. With the Curves tool, you can alter the lines or change the
shapes of images, yet this is a more complex tool to employ.
Color
You can use Color to increase the brightness or decrease the brightness within an
image. You can manipulate the photo, changing the colors to any desired effect.
Desaturation
You want to be careful while using this feature, however if you intend to change the
entire colors in a picture, this is the option to select, since it converts the images to
black and white. You want to learn the Color Tools before considering this option,
especially if you are not familiar with the programs. The Color tool will enable you to
retouch the photo with colorful scenery.
Editing Images
Isn’t it amazing how cameras can snap pictures that speak out loud, at what time you
view them? Pictures can say so many words, yet one thing people fail to realize is that
pictures can lie. After hanging in the fashion and modeling industry for a few years, I
came to see how some of those lies are true. For example, did you know that the
camera can add ten pounds more weight than what a person really weighs? Hey, I
didn’t mean to scare you but it is the truth. If you weigh 120 pounds after the camera is
done with you, you will weigh 130 pounds.
Likewise, if you angle a camera upwards or changing the camera through backdrop
strategies, compositional and the like you will get entirely different pictures with each
action. For example, if you use the camera and snap a low-angle picture while the
target is staring up in the air, the effect will differ from an upward shot.
Well, now you know that cameras or the photographers behind the cameras can deliver
you one big whooping lie if they choose to do so. How can we turn our lies into truth?
We can use image-manipulation software programs. If you want to expand the lie, you
can also use these programs. The ideal however is to use the program with honest
intentions, unless you are having fun and entertaining yourself. I do this a lot.
Before you begin the editing process, realize that mistakes could occur. However, most
programs have an Undo Command, which can quickly restore your images. Some
programs enable you to select Undo a limited time before it halts any more progress.
The Undo commands can take you as far back as the beginning. What a wonderful
computer world we live. I’m waiting for some technology geek to come up with a
command so I can go back to the seventies and know what I know now.
You can also use revert commands to go back to the last file saved. If you are using
Photoshop or Deluxe, you must save the file in a particular format. (PDD) Once the file
is saved you have the right away to the revert option.
Tip:
Always back up your files on disc and hard drive, so if something occurs you will
have a backup plan.
Tip:
The Undo or Revert commands will not work on unsaved files. You also need to
select the command UNDO promptly after mistakes are made for it to work
properly.
Editing steps
Begin by backing up your files. Save your files according to the program rules. Use the
Layers command to copy files so that you always have a backup plan. The Layers will
overlap pictures keeping the original copy in place, while you produce other photos
images of the same copy.
As for editing your images, you can select areas within the picture that you want to
change. For example, if you have a stereo in the background and want to remove it you
can crop, blur, or use other options to do so. Depends on your program and what it
offers. If you have Deluxe, you can use the Instantaneous Fix command and it will
adjust your photo automatically. The function will automatically adjust focus, contrast,
exposure, and saturation. Don’t take this information and run, since these commands
will work on their own standards. If you want quality photos, you will need to manually,
edit the photos on your own.
Tip
Learn your editing program to achieve a clarification of what it can do before
venturing off to editing valuable photos.
Balance and Scheme Editing
My color is off balance and the variations of the colors do not have the scheme I
intended. No problem. Do you have a software program that manipulates pictures or
images? If so, get your computer fired up, open up that program, and follow instructions.
Just kidding, I like to have a bit of humor after writing scores of articles all day without
few breaks in between. Hope you don’t mind.
Okay, you have a picture that is off balance, the color needs adjusted and the variations
need a scheme. Assuming you have Photo Deluxe you can open the dialogue box that
is labeled Quality – Color Balance. You will see a gray box in the window and at the top;
you will see a Color Level with little boxes and numbers inside. Down below you will see
Cyan – Magenta – and Yellow respectively with each little labeled color having its own
slider. You will notice to the right of the box a label Ok and Cancel. You will see a
checked box with alongside the area.
From here, the rest is basically on you. You will need to drag those sliders either left or
right to adjust the colors. Only you can see the picture, therefore you know what areas
you want to adjust. You will notice the changes as the numbers box will change the
value of your colors. If you don’t like the colors, you will need to adjust them accordingly.
You can use the Variations box to adjust the schemes. Go for the Quality command.
You can use the thumbnails to adjust the colors scheme. You can also use the
Variations box to change the colors, as you like.
Note: If you use thumbnails to adjust colors, be sure you watch closely what colors the
images are changing too. For example if you use too much cyan it will alter the color
distastefully, or else not enough. All depends on the photo.
Photoshop has automatic tools that readjust the images; however, the programs often
adjust at their own likings. You want to get acquainted with the manual tools in your
editing programs so that you can adjust your images as you please.
You can also take advantage of the Blur command, which will alter your images bringing
more focus on the copy. The Blur will sharpen your images, as you like if you use the
command properly.
There is a help menu available in all programs, therefore if you come to a stump be sure
to take advantage of these features. The help menus provide you detailed instructions
for operating all functions provided in your program. You will be amazed at what some
of these editing tools will do for your images.
You can also scan the Internet to locate detailed steps in performing editing jobs on
images. I haven’t done this yet, but I am quite show information is available to you as
needed.
Photo Deluxe provides you with tools to sharpen images as well. There are three
options that will automatically sharpen your image. Be aware that the automatic adjusts
as it sees fit, however it might rearrange your photo to the quality level undesirable to
you. You can use either Effects or Sharpen to make adjustments to the picture. You can
use your Un-sharp Mask filters in Photo Deluxe to adjust your images as well.
You can also use Radius, Threshold, and Amount to make some changes to your
images as you like.
Tip:
I recommend that you take a picture you do not want and practice in any editing
software before using a picture you truly want to change.
Adding Special Effects to Your Images
In an effort to create an ever lasting impact from your photo, leaving the impressions on
viewer’s minds, it should have something that keeps him glued. You can employ Adobe
Photoshop’s special effects tools in the menu to add a lightning effect. You can double
your exposures or do whatever you choose. The advantage of owning Adobe
Photoshop is the rewards it will bring. In fact, I used this program to design my book
covers, make commercials, advertising slicks and more.
Lightning Effect:
You can use various types of lightning effects and of different colors, applying them to
an image using Adobe Photoshop. This will enhance your photo tremendously.
How to do it:We’ll follow a stepwise manner in doing this:
1. Open your editor or Adobe Photoshop program
2. Now open the desired image (make sure you open it in RGB format)
3. Now from the filter menu choose Renderer and then select your desired lighting
effects.
4. You will see the lighting effect dialogue box opens up
i.
Choose the desired lighting style from the topmost selection menu; you will
notice the options style of lights.
ii.
Choose the light type and move the sliders to set the intensity and focus.
iii.
You can also change the properties by toggling the sliders for glass, material,
exposure, and ambience.
iv.
You can also change the color of light. To change the color of light just click
on the boxes to the right of the light type and properties. This will open the
color, picker dialogue box. Choose a color and press ok.
5. To change the direction or placement of light just drag any of the points on the
outside ellipse or center point. Click ok after you have adjusted the direction and
placement of light.
Creating Double Exposure effect:
A double exposure image is created by overlaying two images on one another.
Like above we’ll again follow a stepwise procedure:
1. Select all or a part of the image using the selection tools at the top of the toolbar.
2. Now from the edit menu choose copy.
3. Now open a second image file.
4. From the window menu, you can select the show layer.
5. On the ‘show layer’ popup right click and choose new layer and press ok.
6. Now go to the edit menu and press paste.
7. From the layer’s palette, move the opacity slider to 50%.
8. Now drag the mouse from inside the selection to move it.
9. To scale the pasted selection, click on image menu and then select image size.
Adjust the size by adjusting the pixels and height from the pop-up window.
The editing programs today can do wonders to images. One of the most popular
programs is Adobe Photoshop, since this editing program is one of the most
sophisticated tools. Most pro photographers will use this program, since you can create
websites, book covers, images, movies, and more. Adobe is also used to design
manuals, graphics, commercials, fliers, and more. This particular program I miss. I lost
my copy during a severe virus attack, and the downside is it costs around $1000 to
$1500 to replace.
Outside of lightning effects, you can also setup brick backgrounds, or whatever
background you choose. If you own this program you know what I am talking about,
however if you have never had the experience and can get the opportunity to try out
Adobe I promise you will have loads of fun. For additional editing assistance check out
your menus, help tools.
Removing Those Dust Marks from Your Photographs
Well so often, we come across this problem of dust specks becoming apparent on our
photographs after we scan them using the low resolution and inexpensive scanners at
home. These dust specks can come from either the dust particles that were sticking on
the surface of the lens while we might have been shooting the picture or even from our
scanner surface. Even though we you may take all precautions and keep the lens as
clean as possible, sometime or the other while shooting those invaluable moments the
dust appears out of nowhere and sticks on the surface of the lens. Well not to worry
anymore because with Adobe’s Photoshop software you can make your photographs
totally, free of dust.
How to do it?
Well first of all if you are scanning the photographs then scan them at the highest
possible resolution otherwise just try to copy them from your digital camera with best
image quality possible. Now save the images in .TIFF format. Although this might just
eat up a little more space but the end result would also be far better. If you are a
professional save the images in JPEG or GIFF, especially if you are loading the images
upon a webpage, also keep the resolution at 72dpi.
With Photoshop, you can realign your photograph and move it a few degrees so as to
make it straight. Do this by keeping anything in the background as reference, maybe the
horizon or any building in the backdrop or anything that might be straight. Then you can
crop the image from the sides to exclude anything that is probably not required.
Scratches and particles of dust are common with today’s Ipods that you have to have
filters to remove any spots of dust on the Ipods surface. Still, if you are employing filters
to remove particles of dust and/or scratching, you must proceed with caution. The
entirety of the filtering should never be employed at one time for cleaning images. If the
filters are not employed in a correct fashion, it can clear vital details of your files.
If you select only the part of the image that has severe dust on it, and then use the
filters, you will not affect the rest of the photo. Check out the information available on
pixels to read more into this subject.
Another handy application for dust is the clone tool. Dust is most often visible in the sky,
and since there is little detail there, the clone tool can be used to wipe away the dust
spots, which will not be noticeable afterward. Just select the clone tool from the toolbar
towards the left and then press ALT. Keep it pressed and select the area, which you
want to copy. Now press the Shift Key and take the pointer to area where from where
you want to remove the undesired objects. Just try to use it on a small area first to see if
it is the right color or not.
Eliminating Spoilage:
After all the dust is gone, you might want to cleanse spoiling items as well, which you
can review in your manual to decide what to move. The tools known as the rubbers
stamps will enable you to stamp a section of the IPOD, whereas the area is replaced.
The smudging tools are available to use once the stamps is cleared. This will recover
natural appearance.
It can be quite like finger painting…The photo-editing programs are fun and easy tools
to work with photos. However, if you are going pro you may want to consider Adobes
editing programs, since these are the most widely used programs on the market, used
by pro photographers all over the world.
Chapter 6: The Most Commonly Asked Questions
One of the most commonly asked questions regarding digital photography are why don’t
the colors on my screen and the color of the print out of the same image match, even to
a decent extent. Well there is nothing wrong in it. Your monitor is absolutely fine and so
is your printer. There is nothing wrong with your digicam either.
The reason behind this phenomenon is the fact that your monitor and your printer are
using two totally different techniques. One uses the phenomena of illumination and the
other color mixing to produce an image signal for your brain.
Your monitor uses display colors while the printers mix colors from inks, these are two
different processes and hence produce two different results. Even the monitor displays
different colors in different types of light. For instance, there is more of a bluish shade in
your image in daylight whereas an incandescent light gives them a more reddish tinge.
So what to do now?
Now that we all know that we cannot get the picture perfect prints out of our
photographs, let us aim for the near perfect image. While taking the printout our aim
should be to eliminate the purple skin tones or any undesired colors (unless you really
want them to be there). To do this just transfer the images from your digicam to your
computer and open them using Adobe Photoshop (or any other imaging software that
you may have):
Now take look at them. Do they look more of a bluish color?
Alternatively, more of reddish? Well just, go to your color management settings and
make it a little more of red if it looks more bluish or vice versa.
Keep changing the color until they are neutralized. Use the preview option if you are
using Adobe. This helps in saving a lot of time rather always going back and using the
“undo’ function.
What next?
Well now that you have done a lot of fiddling with the image on your monitor, it is time to
get to the real thing. Just go ahead and take a print out of the image on your monitor.
Your reaction most probably would be this doesn’t look like the one on my screen. Well
this was bound to happen. Wasn’t it?
Well now all that you have to do is to analyze this image and see what color is needs to
be added to make it look more neutralized. Make some changes and take another print
out. This also may or may not be what you want, but it’ll probably be a reasonably
acceptable print. If you are still not satisfied, you may still do the same color changing
again but one way or the other you’ll have to settle for a print, which is not exactly like
the image on your screen. So just keep the settings of the most acceptable color
scheme instead of wasting paper and the printer ink trying for that never perfect print.
Don’t be depressed that your pictures are not worth what you were searching for… they
are like this because they have to be like this. Let’s hope some technology of the future
helps us to print the picture perfect. Until then it’s going to be like this. So don’t stop.
Keep clicking and keep printing. Remember the resolution plays a large role in
determining the image quality. Therefore, read up on the resolution to get the pictures
you deserve. Oh, and by the way, don’t forget those little dots known as pixels, since
these too play a chief role in how your pictures will appear.
Conclusion
In conclusion, basically, there is not much difference between using a digital camera
and a manual camera. In fact, most experts believe that using a digital camera actually
spoils the photographer, making everything so easy for him. Still, there are many who
remain daunted by the prospects of using a digital camera especially when their training
comes mainly from manual photography.
There are a number of skills that one needs to learn before switching to the digital
format. Read through and find out some of the things that you need to develop.
Computer skills
Digital photography involves dealing with computers. In fact, operating the digital
camera is like operating a small computer. There are functions that are actually similar
to the computer like formatting and delete and a whole lot of other things. You need to
be familiar with the functions in order to be able to maximize the digital camera.
In addition, you also need to be really familiar with computer when storing your picture
files and adjusting your photos. With this, you need to be able to perform computer
tasks such as cutting, pasting, copying, renaming and opening and closing of files and
folders.
There are a number of good books that provide tutorials that will enhance computer
skills as well as teach you some of the basics in using the computer with regards to
photography. Some books in photography, digital photography will for sure contain
sections that deal with computers.
Knowledge in graphic programs
One can actually adjust photos and create a whole lot of effects with the use of graphic
programs such as Photoshop. One can actually change the size of the photo, alter the
pixels and even change the format into different file types. One good thing with digital
cameras is the fact that one can actually alter the pictures taken before printing it.
With the use of these programs, one can erase flaws, sharpen some features of the
photo, blur the background and even transfer one photo with another. If one is really
good, you can even create one new photo by cutting different elements in various
photos and put them all together.
Working knowledge with the various functions of the camera
As mentioned before, working with a digital camera is similar to working with a small
computer. In order to maximize the digital camera, you need to master the functions
including adjusting the various levels such as the shutter speed, the brightness, the
contrast. There are even digital cameras that you can actually use as a manual camera;
you just need to learn to adjust the functions.
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