FortiOS™ Handbook - High Availability
FortiOS™ Handbook - What's New
VERSION 5.2.3
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March-20-15
FortiOS™ Handbook - What's New
01-520-117003-20140108
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Change Log
Introduction
11
12
How this guide is organized
12
New features in FortiOS 5.2.3
13
Merge FGT-20C-ADSL and FWF-20C-ADSL
Log Viewer Improvements
Add AeroScout Inter-operabiliy testing
Add "Last connection time" Column in FortiView > VPN
FSSO agent support OU in group filters
Certificate GUI improvements
WAN opt feature only available on FGT models with 2 disks
Add FortiAP LED dark support
Allow user to change VDOM operation mode more easily
Support 4x10G interfaces in 5001D 40G ports
Allow admin user to start/defer file system check if FGT was not shutdown properly
Add a tooltip to remind users to activate forticloud to enable fortisandbox cloud
Add warn about factory default certificate
New features in FortiOS 5.2.2
13
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15
15
15
15
16
16
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16
17
18
Add allocator API and counters to scanunit
18
Add tooltips for application categories
19
Add broadcast/multicast suppression for local bridge mode ssid on the FAP side
20
Add hardware switch feature and SPAN functionality to 30D, 60, and 90D. Move POE
ports out of Internal switch to independent interfaces.
20
Disable performance statistics Logging
21
Improvements to firmware upload GUI dialog
21
Reimplementation of the session list as a part of FortiView to improve functionality and usability
22
Add GUI option to control the TLS versions for web administration
22
Cloud Wifi Support
22
Merge FWF/FGT-60D-3G4G and FGR-60D
23
Add FAP-224D/222C/25D/214B/21D/24D/112D/223C/321C support
24
Add support for more than 32k FortiClient configuration distribution through EC-NAC
24
Add a warning when using deep SSL inspection mode on security policy and SSL profile
pages
25
Improve FSSO group GUI
Add Log Rate stats to System Resources widget
Add a command to export logs on local disk to external USB
Improve FortiView performance and add System Events, Admin Logins, and VPN
Integrate vmtools for FortiGate VMWare platforms
New features in FortiOS 5.2.1
Include bandwidth and setup rate statistics in the event log
Allow export of collected emails
Ssl-ssh-profile is no longer mandatory when utm profiles are enabled
Disallow multiple destination interfaces on an IPsec firewall policy
Add a new diag test command for fnbamd
Add deregister all option in diagnose endpoint control registration
Redirect kernel messages to non-console terminals
Add FortiExtender supported 3G/4G modem list
Add a new option for STP forwarding
Suppress probe response based on threshold in wireless controller vap
Move global antivirus service settings into profile-protocol-options
Add Ekahau Blink Protocol support and reorganization for station-locate
Implement diagnose command to test flash SSD
Online help improvements
Add iprope check trace in flow trace
Log id-fields reference improvements
Add diagnose debug admin error-log command
Improve hasync debug
Improve interface list and switch mode
Wizard improvement
Allow VIP with port forwarding to permit ICMP
Support captive portal for block notification page
Add diagnose log clear-kernel-state command
Apply new LDAP Tree Browser design to the User Wizard and User Group page
New Join and try requests to FortiCloud for low-end models
Top Features
Unified Policy Management
FortiView Dashboards
SSL Inspection
Web Filtering
Application Control
IPsec VPN Creation Wizard
Captive Portal
FortiAP Management
Flow-based Antivirus
FortiExtender Support
25
25
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Using a Virtual WAN Link for Redundant Internet Connections
Internet Key Exchange (IKE)
SSL VPN Creation
On-Net Status for FortiClient Devices
System Features
FortiExtender Support
Using a Virtual WAN Link for Redundant Internet Connections
Setting Up a Virtual WAN Link
Setting Up Virtual WAN Link Load Balancing
Directing Traffic to Higher Quality Links
Measured Volume Based Distribution
The Link Monitor
FortiGuard Services
Updates from Multiple FortiManager Units
FortiGuard Server List
Using TCP Port 80 to Receive Updates from a FortiManager Unit
Netflow v9.0
Configuring the Global Settings for Netflow Collector and Timers
Using Netflow with VDOMs
Adding Netflow Sampling to an Interface
Viewing the Configuration
DHCP Server Configuration
Improvements to Aggregate/Redundant Interfaces
Minimum Number of Links in an Aggregation
Avoiding Traffic Disturbances
Link Layer Description Protocol
CPU and Memory Usage per VDOM
Custom Languages for Guest Management and SSL VPN Portals
Packet Capture Options for Admin Profiles
FortiCloud Modem List
SPAN Support for Hard-Switch Interfaces
Setting the Service and AC-name in PPOE PADI/PADO Negotiations
Disabling FortiExplorer, the USB MGMT Port, and the Serial Console
Port Kernel Profiling
Using a Second Destination IP (VRDST)
Session Rate Stats per VDOM
Disable Honoring the Don't-Fragment Flag
Disable Login Time Recording
Per-IP-Bandwidth-Usage Feature Removed
Modem Support
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57
Usability Enhancements
58
FortiView Dashboards
58
Sources
Applications
Cloud Applications
Destinations
Websites
Threats
All Sessions
Drilldown Options
Sniffer Traffic Support
FortiExplorer Setup Wizard Improvements
Removed Features
FortiWiFi
Internet Access
Remote VPN
AntiVirus Inspection Mode
Interfaces List Improvements
Dragging Objects Between Policies in the Policy List
Cloning Table Objects
DHCP-related Improvements in the Web-based Manager
System Resources Widget
License Information Widget
USB Modem Widget
New Feature Settings Preset
Improved Banned User List Page
Replacement Message Improvements
Sorting and Filtering Support for the Virtual IP list
Web-based Manager Options for the FortiGate-30D
Firewall
Menu Simplification
Policies
Objects
Unified Policy Management
Importing LDAP Users for a Security Policy
Dynamic VIP According to DNS Translation
GTP Rate Limiting
Per-Stream Rate Limiting
Per-APN Rate Limiting Profiles
Object UUID Support
Configuring the Class of Service Bit
Hairpinning for NAT64 and NAT46
Maximum Number of Available Virtual IPs Increased
Security Profiles
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Menu and Options Simplification
AntiVirus
Web Filter
Intrusion Protection
Application Control
Advanced Options
SSL Inspection
Automatic Inspection When Security Profiles are Used
HTTPS Scanning Without Deep Inspection
SSL/Deep Inspection Exemptions
Generating Unique CA and Server Certificates
Server Certificates
Web Filtering
HTTPS for Warnings and Authentication
Modifying HTTP Request Headers
Restrict Google Access to Corporate Accounts
Referer Added to URL Filtering
FortiGuard Rating Checks for Images, JavaScript, CSS, and CRL
Additional Replacement Message Variables
New Daemon for Overrides and Warnings
Application Control
Deep Inspection for Cloud Applications
Traffic Shaping Settings
5-Point-Risk Rating
Replacement Message
Support for SPDY Protocol
Support for Non-HTTP WAN Optimization and Explicit Proxy Traffic
Flow-based Antivirus
Intrusion Protection System (IPS)
Adjusting Rate Based Signatures
Extensible Meta Data
Extended Database
Support for Non-HTTP WAN Optimization and Explicit Proxy Traffic
Vulnerability Scanning Visibility
Removed IM Proxy Options from the CLI
Client Reputation
IPsec VPN
VPN Creation Wizard
New Menu
Expanded VPN Options
Tunnel Templates
Internet Key Exchange (IKE)
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Multiple Interfaces
Mode-Configuration
Certificates Groups
Authentication Methods
Inheriting Groups from the Security Policy
Assigning Client IP Addresses Using the DHCP Proxy
Transform Matching
Cookie Notification
Assign Client IP Addresses Using DHCP Proxy
IKEv1 Mesh Selectors
Message ID Sync for High Availability
Dynamic IPsec Route Control
add-route
Blocking IPsec SA Negotiation
Default Lifetimes and Proposal Values
Prioritizing DH Group Configuration
IPv6 Support for IPsec Phase 2
IPsec VPN Support with the FortiController-5103B
SSL VPN
SSL VPN Configuration
VPN Settings
VPN Portal
Creating the Firewall Policy
ECDSA Local Certificates
Host Security Check Error Replacement Message
Authentication
Captive Portal
External Captive Portals
Using Groups from the Security Policy
Exempting a Policy
Replacement Messages
User Authentication via a POP3 Server
Limiting Guest User Accounts
Nested Group Search in LDAP Authentication
Password Length for User Authentication
Certificates for Policy Authentication
Authentication Blackouts
Single Sign-On for Guest Accounts
Managing Devices
On-Net Status for FortiClient Devices
Endpoint Licenses
URL Filter Lists in Endpoint Control
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FortiGuard Categories Consistency with FortiClient
Default Device Groups
Device Detection for Traffic Not Flowing Through the FortiGate
Wireless Networking
FortiAP Management
Manually Selecting AP Profiles
AP Scanning
Radio Settings Summary
CLI Console Access
Split Tunneling for Wireless Traffic
Captive Portal for WiFi
New Configuration Options
WPA Personal Security + Captive Portal
New Wireless Health Charts
RADIUS Accounting
802.11ac and DARRP Support
Date Channel DTLS in Kernel
IPv6
IPv6 Address Ranges
TCP MSS Values
RSSO Support
FortiManager Connections
Geographical Database
High Availability
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DHCP and PPPOE Support for Active-Passive Mode
VRRP Support
VRRP Groups
Using a Second Destination IP (VRDST)
Trigger Failover
Synchronizing a GTP Tunnel over Physical Ports
IPv6 Management Interface Gateway
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118
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WAN Optimization, Web Cache, and Explicit Proxy
119
Explicit Proxy Policy Table - for explicit web proxy, explicit FTP proxy and WAN optimization policies
Distributing Explicit Web Proxy Traffic to Multiple CPU Cores
Proxy Header Control
Explicit Web Proxy SOCKS services support for TCP and UDP traffic
Preventing the explicit web proxy from changing source addresses
Explicit web proxy firewall address URL patterns
URL patterns and HTTPS scanning
Advanced Routing
BGP Neighbor Groups
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122
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123
OSPF Fast Hello
BGP Conditional Advertising
Source and Destination IP-based Mode for ECMP
Policy Routes
Logging and Reporting
Traffic and UTM Logging Improvements
FortiGate Daily Security Report
GTP Logging Improvements
GTP-U Logging
GTP Event Log
Flash-based Logging Disabled on Some Models
Accessing Policy-specific Logs from the Policy List
IPS Event Context Data in Log Messages
Sniffer Traffic Log
Selecting Sources for Reports
Threat Weight
Disk Usage Information in System Event Logs
Event Log Generated When a Crash Occurs
Displaying FortiFlow Names
Other New Features
SIP Traffic is Handled by the SIP ALG by Default
Changing the Header Name of Load Balanced HTTP/HTTPS Traffic
TOS and DSCP Support for Traffic Mapping
RFC List
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Change Log
Date
Change Description
November 5, 2014
Added "New features in FortiOS 5.2.2".
September 5,
2014
Added "New features in FortiOS 5.2 Patch 1".
July 2, 2014
Corrected "DHCP and PPPOE Support for Active-Passive Mode".
June 16, 2014
Corrected and added information to "SSL/Deep Inspection Exemptions". Added
"Flash-based Logging Disabled on Some Models".
June 13, 2014
Initial release.
Introduction
This document lists and describes many of the new features added to FortiOS 5.2.
How this guide is organized
This FortiOS Handbook chapter contains the following sections:
l
New features in FortiOS 5.2.3 provides a brief description of features that were added to FortiOS 5.2.3.
l
New features in FortiOS 5.2.2 provides a brief description of features that were added to FortiOS 5.2.2.
l
New features in FortiOS 5.2.1 provides a brief description of features that were added to FortiOS 5.2.1.
l
Top Features described some of the most important new features in FortiOS 5.2.
l
System Features contains information on features connected to global settings.
l
l
Usability Enhancements describes some enhancements that make the web-based manager easier to use and
more effective.
The next sections deal with new features for specific areas of network configuration:
l
Firewall
l
Security Profiles
l
IPsec VPN
l
SSL VPN
l
Authentication
l
Managing Devices
l
Wireless Networking
l
IPv6
l
High Availability
l
WAN Optimization, Web Cache, and Explicit Proxy
l
Advanced Routing
l
Logging and Reporting
l
Other New Features contains information about other features that have been added in FortiOS 5.2.
l
RFC List contains information about RFCs that are supported by the new features.
12
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.3
New features in FortiOS 5.2.3
This chapter provides a brief introduction to the following features that were added to FortiOS 5.2.3. See the
release notes for a complete list of new features/resolved issues in this release.
l
Merge FGT-20C-ADSL and FWF-20C-ADSL
l
Log Viewer Improvements
l
Add AeroScout Inter-operabiliy testing
l
Add "Last connection time" Column in FortiView > VPN
l
FSSO agent support OU in group filters
l
Certificate GUI improvements
l
WAN opt feature only available on FGT models with 2 disks
l
Add FortiAP LED dark support
l
Allow user to change VDOM operation mode more easily
l
Support 4x10G interfaces in 5001D 40G ports
l
Allow admin user to start/defer file system check if FGT was not shutdown properly
l
Add a tooltip to remind users to activate FortiCloud to enable FortiSandbox cloud
l
Add warn about factory default certificate
Merge FGT-20C-ADSL and FWF-20C-ADSL
Add set wan enable to set one of the switch port as WAN port. By default, there is no WAN port for FWF20C-ADSL and FGT-20C-ADSL.
CLI changes
Add set wan enable command.
Syntax
config system global
set wan [enable|disable] //disable by default
end
This CLI command enables one of the switch port (LAN4 for 20C-ADSL) as wan port. In this way, a redundant
WAN port is supported besides ADSL port.
By setting LAN4 into a switch port (set wan disable) or a dedicated WAN port (set wan enable), the two platforms
can work in two modes:
1. ADSL + LAN (LAN1,LAN2,LAN3,LAN4 as one switch)
2. ADSL + LAN (LAN1,LAN2,LAN3 as one switch) plus WAN interface. Please note that:
l
The option to switch between the two modes can be CLI-only.
l
When switching between the 2 modes, a reboot is expected.
l
Set wan disable won't take effect if WAN interface is in use.
13
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.3
Log Viewer Improvements
Extends Faceted Search portion of FortiView to support complicated sorting.
Improves usability of log viewer bottom pane with flexbox and css animations.
Allows filtering of combined column's constituent parts.
GUI changes
Replaced column filter icon on header with faceted search bar. Bottom panel now behaves better and resizes
smoothly.
Add AeroScout Inter-operabiliy testing
Syntax
config wireless-controller wtp-profile
edit <wtp-profile>
config lbs
set aeroscount Enable/disable
set aeroscout-server-ip xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx // IP address of AeroScout server.
set aeroscout-server-port <integer> // AeroScout server UDP listening port (1024 65535)
set aeroscout-mu-factor <integer> // AeroScout dilution factor for Mobile Unit (MU) mode (default
= 20)
set aeroscout-mu-timeout <integer> // AeroScout dilution timeout (sec) for Mobile Unit (MU) mode
(default = 5s)
end
next
end
Add "Last connection time" Column in FortiView > VPN
Users can sort by number of connections, duration and total bytes but cannot see the last time the user
connected.
GUI changes
A Last connection time column has been added which can simply indicate the timestamps of the last VPN
connection that was started for that user.
The user should be able to sort by last connection time.
14
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.3
FSSO agent support OU in group filters
Previously, in FSSO configuration GUI page, via LDAP browser, admin can select user/group filters to send to
FSSO Agent. Now that FSSO Agent supports OU filter. So GUI is updated to allow admin to select OU from
LDAP browser.
GUI Changes
When creating FSSO group from Users/Groups creation wizard, in the LDAP browser, there is a new tab named
Organizational Unit next to Users and Groups tab. This new tab can also be seen in FSSO dialog.
Certificate GUI improvements
Some GUI changes include:
l
l
l
The table, under System > Certificates fit in one regular browser width by default, similar to Policy, Interface
and other pages.
Wrap the text in the cells to keep the columns narrower.
Improve the columns displayed to include:
o Who signed it (where applicable).
o
l
Expiry date.
Do not list certificates that do not exist on the FortiGate.
WAN opt feature only available on FGT models with 2 disks
For all NPI models,
l
If there is no SATA storage disk, neither log-to-disk nor WAN opt feature are allowed.
l
If there is just a single SATA disk, only log-to-disk is allowed. WAN-opt feature is not allowed.
l
If there are two SATA disk, we use one disk for log disk, and the second disk for WAN-opt.
Add FortiAP LED dark support
Few customers want to keep their APs as discrete as possible, and want an option to run dark by turning off all
LEDs.
Syntax
config wireless-controller wtp-profile
edit "profile"
set led-state enable|disable
end
end
By default, led-state is set to enable.
15
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.3
FortiAP side:
cfg -a LED_STATE=0|1|2
0:LED is on, 1:LED is off, 2: LED is controlled by the controller (FortiGate).
By default, LED_STATE is set to 2. If it is set to 2, FortiAP will take led-state setting configured on the
controller. If it is set to 0 or 1, FortiAP will ignore led-state setting configured on the controller.
Allow user to change VDOM operation mode more easily
Allow user to switch between NAT and TP mode without having to manually remove a large selection of
configuration, this can be achieved using CLI and GUI.
Support 4x10G interfaces in 5001D 40G ports
Split a 40G port into four 10G interfaces. Switch chip config and np6 port mapping is based on front panel port
split mode, which is saved in a file.
CLI changes
Add split-port operation to config sys global
Syntax
config sys global
set split-port port1 port2
end
Help text: set split-port Split port(s) to multiple 10Gbps ports.
GUI changes
Faceplate port groups will now update accordingly depending on the state of the split ports.
Allow admin user to start/defer file system check if FGT was not shutdown
properly
When FGT wasn't shutdown properly, we don't start the file system check yet as it may takes time. Instead, after
admin user logins, a dialog is shown offering admin user to start file system check or defer later. If file system
check is chosen, FGT will be rebooted and file system check is started.
Add a tooltip to remind users to activate forticloud to enable fortisandbox cloud
FortiSandbox Cloud option is grayed out on the FortiSandbox settings page if FortiCloud account is not activated.
Added a tooltip to remind users to activate FortiCloud to enable FortiSandbox cloud, also added a tool help
16
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.3
element beside the FortiSandbox input that contains a helpful tips on how to enable FortiSandbox.
Add warn about factory default certificate
Show a warning on both the SSL-VPN settings dialog and the policy dialog when SSL-VPN is configured with a
default certificate.
17
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.2
This chapter provides a brief introduction to the following features that were added to FortiOS 5.2.2. See the
release notes for a complete list of new features/resolved issues in this release.
l
Add allocator API and counters to scanunit
l
Add tooltips for application categories
l
Add broadcast/multicast suppression for local bridge mode ssid on the FAP side
l
Add hardware switch feature and SPAN functionality to 30D, 60, and 90D. Move POE ports out of Internal
switch to independent interfaces
l
Disable performance statistics Logging
l
Improvements to firmware upload GUI dialog
l
Reimplementation of the session list as a part of FortiView to improve functionality and usability
l
Add GUI option to control the TLS versions for web administration
l
Cloud Wifi Support
l
Merge FWF/FGT-60D-3G4G and FGR-60D
l
Add FAP-224D/222C/25D/214B/21D/24D/112D/223C/321C support
l
Add support for more than 32k FortiClient configuration distribution through EC-NAC
l
Add a warning when using deep SSL inspection mode on security policy and SSL profile pages
l
Improve FSSO group GUI
l
Add Log Rate stats to System Resources widget
l
Add a command to export logs on local disk to external USB
l
Improve FortiView performance and add System Events, Admin Logins, and VPN
l
Integrate vmtools for FortiGate VMWare platforms
Add allocator API and counters to scanunit
Add a new memory management wrapper and statistics framework for scanunit to improve memory accounting.
CLI changes
Add diagnose sys scanunit stats command.
Syntax
diagnose sys scanunit stats <option>
Option
Description
list
List all statistics.
all
List all statistics.
clear
Clear all statistics.
18
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.2
Add diagnose sys scanunit filter command.
Syntax
diagnose sys scanunit filter <option>
Option
Description
list
Display the current filter.
clear
Clear the current filter.
negate
Negate the specified filter parameter.
vd
Index of virtual domain. -1 matches all.
worker
Index of worker. -1 matches all.
Add diagnose sys scanunit log filter command.
Syntax
diagnose sys scanunit log filter <option>
Option
Description
list
Display the current scanunit log filter.
clear
Clear the current scanunit log filter.
negate
Negate the specified filter parameter.
vd
Index of virtual domain. -1 matches all.
worker
Index of worker. -1 matches all.
Add diagnose sys scanunit restart command.
Syntax
diagnose sys scanunit restart
Add tooltips for application categories
Implementation of a tool tip for application category which are available in FortiView > applications ,and under
Log & Report > traffic log. For known categories, it provides a short description for the application category this comes from FortiGuard app categories description. For unknown categories, the traffic has been scanned but
the traffic pattern does not match any signature.
19
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.2
Add broadcast/multicast suppression for local bridge mode ssid on the FAP
side
CLI changes
Add broadcast/multicast suppression for different packet type.
Syntax
conf wireless-controller vap
edit <vap_name>
set broadcast-suppression <option>
end
Option
Description
dhcp-up
Suppress broadcast uplink DHCP messages.
dhcp-down
Suppress broadcast downlink DHCP messages.
arp-known
Suppress broadcast ARP for known wireless clients.
arp-unknown
Suppress broadcast ARP for unknown wireless clients.
arp-reply
Suppress broadcast ARP reply from wireless clients.
netbios-ns
Suppress NetBIOS name services packets with UDP port 137.
netbios-ds
Suppress NetBIOS datagram services packets with UDP port 138.
ipv6
Suppress IPv6 packets.
Add hardware switch feature and SPAN functionality to 30D, 60, and 90D. Move
POE ports out of Internal switch to independent interfaces.
Added virtual switch commands.
Syntax
config system virtual-switch
edit lan
set physical-switch sw0
config port
edit port1
next
edit port2
next
end
20
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.2
next
end
Disable performance statistics Logging
A new CLI option sys-perf-log-interval was added into config system global section
Syntax
config system global
set sys-perf-log-interval <value>
end
value is performance statistics logging interval (1 - 15 min, 0 = disable).
The default value of sys-perf-log-interval attribute is 5 minutes.
This attribute only affects the log to FortiAnalyser and/or Syslog, no perf-stats log goes to disk or FortiCloud
no matter what the value is.
Improvements to firmware upload GUI dialog
A few items to consider for firmware upgrades:
l
Maintain the upgrade path on FortiGuard with recommended version information.
l
Allow user to easily upgrade to the recommended version.
l
Show progress of downloading the image and upgrading, shows progress bar.
GUI changes
On the status page if a new update is available on the FortiGuard server then the next recommended update is
displayed.
The admin can click the upgrade link and optionally backup the config before confirming the upgrade.
The dialog can display the progress of the update. Once the update is being installed the browser should probe
the FortiGate until it has completed the reboot, then automatically refresh the browser to go to the login screen.
Similarly when going to the upgrade page if the user chooses to upgrade from the FortiGuard Network then the
recommended firmware is set in the firmware version box (if any). If no firmware is recommended then "up to
date" can be displayed. Note that there may be several firmware options available but he chooser should be set to
the recommended version automatically, not just the latest version available. This information should be
obtained from the upgrade path package from FortiGuard.
Once the update is complete and reboot starts the browser should try to probe the FortiGate until to responds
then redirect to the login page once it is available again.
21
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.2
Reimplementation of the session list as a part of FortiView to improve
functionality and usability
New options has been added to enable/disable inclusion of unscanned traffic in FortiView application charts and
to enable/disable inclusion of local traffic in FortiView real-time charts.
Remove top sessions dashboard widget.
Syntax
config log gui-display
set fortiview-unscanned-apps enable/disable // inclusion of unscanned traffic in FortiView application
charts.
fortiview-local-traffic enable/disable // inclusion of local-in traffic in FortiView realtime charts.
end
Add GUI option to control the TLS versions for web administration
Introduce GUI settings to allow admin control the TLS v1.x versions for GUI HTTPS..
Syntax
config system global
set gui-https-tls-version <option>
end
Option
Description
tlsv1-0
TLS 1.0.
tlsv1-1
TLS 1.1.
tlsv1-2
TLS 1.2.
Cloud Wifi Support
FortiCloud customer account ID can be specified.
Syntax
config wireless-controller setting
set account-id <string>
end
22
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.2
Merge FWF/FGT-60D-3G4G and FGR-60D
Moved lte modem command from system global to system lte-modem, and added APN,
authentication, redundant, extra-init, network type commands.
CLI changes
Syntax
config
set
set
set
set
set
set
system lte-modem
status enable/disable
extra-init STRING
authtype none/pap/chap
APN STRING
mode standalone/redundant
net-type CDMA-1x/EV-DO/LTE/Auto //Only available for F*60DC, since the feature only works for
Novatel e362 module right now.
set holddown-timer sec
end
Added diagnose system lte-modem command
Syntax
diagnose sys lte-modem info
Sample output
LTE Modem configuration enabled!
LTE Modem device initialized.
Manufacturer: Novatel Wireless Incorporated
Model: E362 WWAN
MEID: 99000094761891
USB Modem Interface: up
SIM State: Valid
ICCID: 89148000000229083036
Signal Strength: 3
Network Type: LTE
Network Cfg: Automatic
APN: vzwinternet
Authen Type: none
Extra Init String:
Interface mode: standalone
Holddown Time: 30
GUI changes
GUI is almost the same, the difference is, when LTE Modem is plugged in but not connected, the same info
items(vendor/model/iccid/meid etc) are still displayed, this gives more information to users.
23
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.2
Add FAP-224D/222C/25D/214B/21D/24D/112D/223C/321C support
CLI changes
Syntax
config wireless-controller wtp-profile
edit <profile_name>
config platform
set type
.....
25D FAP25D
222C FAP222C
224D FAP224D
214B FK214B
21D FAP21D
24D FAP24D
112D FAP112D
223C FAP223C
321C FAP321C
end
end
GUI changes
New platform FAP-224D/222C/25D/214B/21D/24D/112D/223C/321C can be selected in wtp profiles.
Add support for more than 32k FortiClient configuration distribution through
EC-NAC
A new child table has been added to store advanced configuration greater than 32k
Syntax
config endpoint-control profile
edit <profile_name>
config forticlient-winmac-settings
config extra-buffer-entries
edit entry_id
set buffer <string>
next
end
end
next
end
24
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.2
Add a warning when using deep SSL inspection mode on security policy and
SSL profile pages
A help text has been added when enabling SSL deep inspection.
GUI changes
Add an information bubble on the firewall policy page, as well as in the SSL profile page when enabling or
selecting deep inspection.
Add a video link via videos menu to both of the above pages to link to a new video that instructs users how to
install these certificates throughout the network.
Improve FSSO group GUI
Apply new LDAP Browser to FSSO GUI pages allowing creating and updating FSSO group from the firewall policy
page.
GUI changes
In the firewall policy edit dialog, clicking on the Create Users/Groups button on the bottom of the Source User
(s) drop-down list will launch the Wizard.
This is an extended version of the Users/Groups Creation Wizard which has extra option to create FSSO
group. Clicking on FSSO will show the process of creating and/or updating FSSO group.
This new LDAP browser design has been applied to the Single Sign-On edit page.
Add Log Rate stats to System Resources widget
Log rate of disk and FortiAnalyser are shown in the System Resources widget when they were enabled.
Add a command to export logs on local disk to external USB
CLI changes
Add a command to backup all log files to USB drive.
Syntax
execute backup disk alllogs usb
Add a command to backup specific log file(s) to USB drive.
25
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.2
Syntax
execute backup disk log usb <string> //Choose log: traffic, event, ips, virus, webfilter, spam, dlp, voip, appctrl, anomaly, netscan
Improve FortiView performance and add System Events, Admin Logins, and
VPN
GUI changes
Three new menu items has been added under FortiView
l
System Events
l
Admin Logins
l
VPN
Integrate vmtools for FortiGate VMWare platforms
Open-vm-tools project is used as basis for new daemon.
CLI changes
Add a command to debug vmtools.
Syntax
diagnose debug application vmtools <integer>
26
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.1
This chapter provides a brief introduction to the following features that were added to FortiOS 5.2.1. See the
release notes for a complete list of new features/resolved issues in this release.
l
Include bandwidth and setup rate statistics in the event log
l
Allow export of collected emails
l
Ssl-ssh-profile is no longer mandatory when utm profiles are enabled
l
Disallow multiple destination interfaces on an IPsec firewall policy
l
Add a new diag test command for fnbamd
l
Add deregister all option in diagnose endpoint control registration
l
Redirect kernel messages to non-console terminals
l
Add FortiExtender supported 3G/4G modem list
l
Add a new option for STP forwarding
l
Suppress probe response based on threshold in wireless controller vap
l
Move global antivirus service settings into profile-protocol-options
l
Add Ekahau Blink Protocol support and reorganization for station-locate
l
Implement diagnose command to test flash SSD
l
Online help improvements
l
Add iprope check trace in flow trace
l
Log id-fields reference improvements
l
Add diagnose debug admin error-log command
l
Improve hasync debug
l
Improve interface list and switch mode
l
Wizard improvement
l
Allow VIP with port forwarding to permit ICMP
l
Support captive portal for block notification page
l
Add diagnose log clear-kernel-state command
l
Apply new LDAP Tree Browser design to the User Wizard and User Group page
l
New Join and try requests to FortiCloud for low-end models
Include bandwidth and setup rate statistics in the event log
Bandwidth and setup rate statistics are vital for customer’s units health reports.
The advantage of these parameters are:
l
Improves performance on FAZ. Simple query small logs makes FAZ build reports faster and have more idle time for
other reports.
l
Reduces amount of logs send to FAZ.
l
Uses less disk space on FAZ for the same report type.
27
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.1
Allow export of collected emails
This feature adds a new monitor page called Collected Email Addresses under User & Device > Monitor
menu, it is essentially a filter on the device list for devices that have an email address associated with them.
The feature allows the administrator to export the list to a CSV file which can then be used for marketing or
analysis purposes.
Ssl-ssh-profile is no longer mandatory when utm profiles are enabled
When UTM profiles are enabled in a security policy, you can set or unset ssl-ssh profile.
Syntax
config firewall policy
edit 1
set ssl-ssh profile <test>
next
end
Disallow multiple destination interfaces on an IPsec firewall policy
When a firewall policy is set to action IPsec, multiple Outgoing Interface should not be allowed.
Since multiple destination interfaces on an IPsec policy aren't necessary, the CLI and GUI was updated to
explicitly disallow it.
Add a new diag test command for fnbamd
The following command was added to show authentication session statistics:
Syntax
diagnose test application fnbamd 1
Sample output
diagnose test application fnbamd 1
Pending sessions:
0
Max session reached:
0
Auth:
requests:
5000
sessions:
5000
released:
5000
Acct:
requests: 74
28
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.1
sessions:
released:
Cert:
requests:
sessions:
released:
0
0
0
0
0
Add deregister all option in diagnose endpoint control registration
When there is a long list of registered endpoint needed to be deregistered, the following command was added to
do so:
diagnose endpoint registration deregister all
Redirect kernel messages to non-console terminals
To be able to see kernel messages from ssh or telnet which needed when customer unit is accessible remotely,
the following command has been added:
diagnose debug application kmiglogd <Integer>
<Integer> is the debug level. For example, 1 would be the maximum log level in kernel to be shown.
Add FortiExtender supported 3G/4G modem list
A new 3G/4G modem list is introduced that contain the list of supported modems for both FortiGate and
FortiExtender.
GUI changes
Under the System > Network > Modem page, click Configure Modem link under the External Modem
section to see the list for FortiGate and FortiExtender.
Under the System > Network > FortiExtender page, click Configure Settings and click Supported
Modems link under Modem Settings section to show the supported FortiExtender modem list. This will jump
back to the page under System > Network > Modem page, click Configure Modem link.
Syntax
The following new diagnose command was added to show the list of supported FortiExtender modems:
diagnose extender modem-list
Add a new option for STP forwarding
Due to STP forwarding problem in one-arm transparent mode firewall, a new option: replace nothing (rplnothing) has been added when configuring stpforward-mode.
29
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.1
Syntax
config system interface
edit wan1
set stpforward enable
set stpforward-mode rpl-nothing
next
end
Suppress probe response based on threshold in wireless controller vap
The wireless controller vap supports probe response suppression (probe-resp-suppression) and probe
response threshold (probe-resp-threshold).
Syntax
config wireless-controller vap
edit “SSID”
set probe-resp-suppression enable|disable
set probe-resp-threshold <value>
next
end
probe-resp-threshold range is [-20,-95]dBm, and the default is -80dBm if enabled.
Move global antivirus service settings into profile-protocol-options
The global antivirus service settings moved into profile-protocol-options (options included: uncompsizelimit,
uncompnestlimit, scan-bzip2, and block-page-status-code). HTTP and HTTPS combined into
HTTP, uncompsizelimit changed to uncompressed-oversize-limit and uncompnestlimit to
uncompressed-nest-limit. scan-bzip2 set to enabled by default and an appropriate help text added.
On upgrade, the options from antivirus service are moved into the corresponding entries in each profile-protocoloptions.
CLI changes
The following options are moved from global antivirus service to firewall profile-protocol-options:
uncompsizelimit, uncompnestlimit, scan-bzip2, and block-page-status-code moved.
The following options are removed: ftp, ftps, http, https, imap, imaps, nntp, pop3, pop3s, smtp, and
smtps.
The following help test was added:
uncompressed-oversize-limit Maximum in-memory uncompressed size that can be scanned.
uncompressed-nest-limit Maximum uncompress nest level that can be scanned.
scan-bzip2 Enable/disable scanning of BZip2 compressed files.
block-page-status-code Return code of blocked HTTP pages (non-FortiGuard only).
30
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.1
Add Ekahau Blink Protocol support and reorganization for station-locate
We used to have a config command to report station position for retail analytic server under config
wireless-controller wtp-profile > radio > station-locate. A new feature ekahua-blinkmode has been added.
These features are all location based service (LBS) related and they moved to a sub-config under wtpprofile, and they are per wtp-profile configuration.
On upgrade, the options from antivirus service are moved into the corresponding entries in each profile-protocoloptions.
Syntax
config wireless-controller wtp-profile
edit <wtp-profile-name>
config lbs
set ekahau-blink-mode Enable/disable
set ekahau-tag <xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx>
set erc-server-ip <any_ip>
set erc-server-port <integer>
end
end
<xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx> mac address.
<any_ip> Any ip xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx.
<integer> input integer value.
Implement diagnose command to test flash SSD
A new diagnose command has been implemented to test the disk.
Syntax
diagnose disktest <option>
Option can be the following:
device Specify which device to test.
block The block size of each read/write operation.
time The limit of test time of each cycles. Default is no limit.
size The limit of test size of each cycles. Default is no limit.
run Run test with specified cycles. Default is infinite cycles.
31
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.1
Online help improvements
A video links to some help topics has been added in the FortiOS GUI header bar.
Add iprope check trace in flow trace
Previously flow trace shows only accepted or denied policy information. Sometimes, policy tracking is also
important and knowing which policies are checked, and what is the result for the checking might be helpful.
Syntax
diagnose debug flow show iprope {enable|disable}
enable to enable trace iprope match.
disable to disable trace iprope match.
Log id-fields reference improvements
This improvement is to make a complete reference for each log id with its corresponding fields in FortiOS.
CLI changes
Add new endpoint and ha subcategories into config log eventfilter
Syntax
config log eventfilter
set endpoint Enable/disable
set ha Enable/disable
end
GUI changes
Add subtype log filter options named Endpoint and HA under Event Log
Add diagnose debug admin error-log command
Since the last failed admin login is recorded, this new command shows details about the failed admin login
attempt.
Syntax
diagnose debug admin error-log
32
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.1
Sample output
The recent admin user failed login details:
error code : -100
method
: ssh
login name
:
test
cmdb name :
null
login vdom
:
root
current vdom
: root
override vdom : null
login profile
:
null
override profile : null
login time
:
2014-08-29 11:01:57
Improve hasync debug
Add diag test application hasync to control hasync debug finely.
Syntax
diag test application hasync [1-19,50-53]
Value
Description
1
Dump all states of debug switches.
2
Turn off all debug switches.
3
Toggle debug switch of hsync core.
4
Toggle debug switch of ha-diff.
5
Toggle debug switch of FIB.
6
Toggle debug switch of route6.
7
Toggle debug switch of BYOD.
8
Toggle debug switch of endpoint_compliance.
9
Toggle debug switch of NEB.
10
Toggle debug switch of zebos.
11
Toggle debug switch of haconf.
12
Toggle debug switch of proxy.
33
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.1
Value
Description
13
Toggle debug switch of time.
14
Toggle debug switch of snmp.
15
Toggle debug switch of gtp.
16
Toggle debug switch of auth.
17
Toggle debug switch of IPsec.
18
Toggle debug switch of fdb.
19
Toggle debug switch of arp.
50
Dump ha sync statistics.
51
Dump FIB information.
52
Dump extfile's signature.
53
Recalculate external files signature.
Improve interface list and switch mode
This features introduces grouping interfaces by interface type and adds switch to toggle between VLAN Switch
Mode and regular Hardware Switch Mode.
GUI changes
l
l
l
A Group By Type toggle switch has been added in the interfaces page under System > Network > Interfaces.
A VLAN Switch Mode toggle switch has been added in the interfaces page under System > Network >
Interfaces. This VLAN Switch Mode toggle switch shows a confirmation dialog when clicked before toggling the
system setting.
A mini faceplate for Hardware Switch Mode and VLAN Switch Mode has been added in the member column
under System > Network > Interfaces.
Wizard improvement
The Wizard has been improved to provide instruction page to explain how to set up FortiClient for IPsec and
SSLVPN and permit to set up FortiCloud connection on Wizard so that logs will be sent to FortiCloud.
34
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.1
GUI changes
l
Add instruction module to generate page explaining how to set up FortiClient for IPsec and SSLVPN depending on
the VPN that is configured.
l
Add a Wizard Summary Page.
l
Allow FortiOS Setup wizard to set up FortiCloud.
Allow VIP with port forwarding to permit ICMP
When a VIP is defined with port forwarding enabled, ICMP (PING) to the mapped IP can be allowed.
Syntax
config firewall vip
edit "VIP"
set extip xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
set extintf "wan1"
set portforward enable
set mappedip xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
set protocol icmp
next
end
The command set protocol has icmp option now to make the firewall forward ICMP to the host specified by
mappedip while the mappedport and extport attributes are skipped.
Support captive portal for block notification page
The main requirement of this feature is to present a block notification page if the web access is denied by a
firewall policy.
Add diagnose log clear-kernel-state command
This command has been added to clear log statistics in kernel in order to improve disk log session setup rate.
Syntax
diagnose log clear-kernel-stats
Apply new LDAP Tree Browser design to the User Wizard and User Group page
Previously, the LDAP browser shows LDAP containers and LDAP entries within the same tree. When there are
many LDAP entries available, it becomes harder for users to select, filter, search different types of LDAP objects.
This new feature now divides the LDAP Browser into two major parts:
35
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
New features in FortiOS 5.2.1
l
A tree to show the container.
l
Tables to show different type of LDAP object entries.
New Join and try requests to FortiCloud for low-end models
These new join and try requests are for low-end models only such as: FG-30D, FWF-30D, FG-60D, FWF60D, FG-70D, FG-80D, FG-90D, and FWF-90D.
Syntax
exec fortiguard-log join
exec fortiguard-log try <FortiCloud_id> <Password>
36
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Top Features
This chapter introduces the following top features of FortiOS 5.2:
l
Unified Policy Management
l
FortiView Dashboards
l
SSL Inspection
l
Web Filtering
l
Application Control
l
IPsec VPN Creation Wizard
l
Captive Portal
l
FortiAP Management
l
Flow-based Antivirus
l
FortiExtender Support
l
Using a Virtual WAN Link for Redundant Internet Connections
l
Internet Key Exchange (IKE)
l
SSL VPN Creation
l
On-Net Status for FortiClient Devices
Unified Policy Management
The different creation pages in the web-based manager for policy types and subtypes (user-identity, device
identity, and VPN) have been merged into a single main policy creation page. New fields have been added for
Source User(s) and Source Device Type that remove the need for multiple authentication rules in a single
police. This allows for greater control and customization of policies, as a combination of these source types can
be used in a single policy rather than having to pick one type.
For more information, see Unified Policy Management on page 70.
FortiView Dashboards
The FortiView dashboards integrate real time and historical dashboards into a single view that displays the top
100 sessions on a FortiGate unit. The different dashboards show information on the following:
l
Sources
l
Applications
l
Cloud applications
l
Destinations
l
Web sites
l
Threats
l
All sessions
For more information, see "Usability Enhancements" on page 58.
37
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Top Features
SSL Inspection
Several changes have been made to how SSL inspection is handled by a FortiGate unit, with the addition of a
new mode that allowed HTTPS traffic to be scanned without enabling deep inspection, as well as changes to the
handling of certificates and configuring exemptions for SSL inspection.
For more information, see SSL Inspection on page 81.
Web Filtering
Several new options have been added for web filtering:
l
Restricting Google access to specific domains
l
New protocols for warnings and authentication
l
Modifying HTTP request headers
l
Adding a referer to URL filters.
l
Using FortiGuard rating checks for images, JavaScript, CSS, and CRL
l
Additional replacement message variables
For more information, see Web Filtering on page 83.
Application Control
Several new options have been added for application control:
l
Deep inspection for cloud applications
l
Traffic shaping settings
l
5-Point-Risk Ratings
l
Replacement messages
l
Support for SPDY protocol
For more information, see "Security Profiles" on page 87.
IPsec VPN Creation Wizard
The IPsec VPN wizard is the only web-based manager tool for creating interface- or route-based IPsec VPNs. All it
takes is a few steps with the wizard to create a wide variety of interface-based IPsec VPN configurations. In
addition to the IPsec settings the wizard creates all required routes and policies.
In FortiOS 5.2, expanded options have been added to the wizard, allowing it to be used for more types of VPN
configurations. Tunnel templates have been created for popular configurations.
For more information, see VPN Creation Wizard on page 92.
38
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Top Features
Captive Portal
Several new options have been added for captive portals:
l
External captive portals
l
Using groups from the security policy
l
Exempting a policy
l
Replacement messages
l
New configuration options for wireless
l
WPA personal security + captive portal for wireless
For more information, see Captive Portal on page 103 and Captive Portal for WiFi on page 112.
FortiAP Management
Several new options have been added for managing FortiAP units:
l
Manually selecting AP profiles
l
AP scanning
l
Radio settings summary
l
CLI console access
l
Split tunneling for wireless traffic
For more information, see FortiAP Management on page 110.
Flow-based Antivirus
In FortiOS 5.2, flow-based AntiVirus has been improved to have the same enhanced performance as flow-based
antivirus scanning in FortiOS 5.0 while providing the same accuracy and many of the extended features of proxybased antivirus.
For more information, see Flow-based Antivirus on page 89.
FortiExtender Support
FortiOS 5.2 supports FortiExtender, that allows you to remotely connect 4G/LTE USB modems to a FortiGate
unit. The FortiGate unit can remained installed in a secure location while the FortiExtender is installed on a roof
or near a window providing enhanced 4G/LTE modem reception.
For more information, see FortiExtender Support on page 41.
39
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Top Features
Using a Virtual WAN Link for Redundant Internet Connections
A virtual WAN link consists of two or more interfaces that are connected to multiple ISPs. The FortiGate unit sees
the virtual WAN link as a single interface so the FortiGate’s security policy configuration no longer has be
redundant to support dual Internet links. In addition, the virtual WAN link includes load balancing and new link
health checking and settings.
For more information, see Using a Virtual WAN Link for Redundant Internet Connections on page 43.
Internet Key Exchange (IKE)
Several new options have been added for how IKE is supported on a FortiGate:
l
Multiple interfaces
l
Mode-configuration
l
Certificates groups
l
Authentication methods
l
Inheriting groups from the security policy
l
Assigning client IP addresses using the DHCP proxy
l
Transform matching
l
Cookie notification
l
Message ID sync for High Availability
For more information, see Internet Key Exchange (IKE) on page 94.
SSL VPN Creation
SSL VPN configuration has been simplified with new settings and portal creation pages. Most SSL VPN settings
can be configured on one web-based manager page, with additional settings handled as part of the security
policy.
For more information, see SSL VPN Configuration on page 101.
On-Net Status for FortiClient Devices
A new status option, On-Net, has been added for FortiClient devices that show if that device has been registered
with the FortiGate unit.
For more information, see On-Net Status for FortiClient Devices on page 107.
40
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
System Features
New system features include:
l
FortiExtender Support
l
Using a Virtual WAN Link for Redundant Internet Connections
l
FortiGuard Services
l
Netflow v9.0
l
DHCP Server Configuration
l
Improvements to Aggregate/Redundant Interfaces
l
Link Layer Description Protocol
l
CPU and Memory Usage per VDOM
l
Custom Languages for Guest Management and SSL VPN Portals
l
Packet Capture Options for Admin Profiles
l
FortiCloud Modem List
l
SPAN Support for Hard-Switch Interfaces
l
Setting the Service and AC-name in PPOE PADI/PADO Negotiations
l
Disabling FortiExplorer, the USB MGMT Port, and the Serial Console
l
Port Kernel Profiling
l
Using a Second Destination IP (VRDST)
l
Session Rate Stats per VDOM
l
Disable Honoring the Don't-Fragment Flag
l
Disable Login Time Recording
l
Per-IP-Bandwidth-Usage Feature Removed
l
Modem Support
FortiExtender Support
FortiOS 5.2 supports the new FortiExtender unit, which provides internet connectivity via 4G/LTE network to a
FortiGate unit.
To connect a FortiGate and FortiExtender, a new tap interface is created on the FortiGate unit, which receives
the IP address from the cellular service provider via the FortiExtender, using a CAPWAP data channel. All the
packets sent to the tap interface are received by the extender module on the FortiGate and are then sent to the
FortiExtender, which then sends the packets out on the 4G/LTE network.
When data packets are received from the cellular network, the FortiExtender passes the packets to the FortiGate
via the CAPWAP data channel. These packets are written to the tap interface and the FortiGate IP stack will
process them.
The options to configure a FortiExtender unit can be found by going to System > Network > FortiExtender.
41
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
System Features
The configuration of a FortiExtender interface is restricted to the root VDOM.
Connecting a FortiExtender unit to a FortiGate unit
1. If you are using the provided PoE injector:
a. Plug the provided Ethernet cable into the Ethernet port of the FortiExtender and insert the other end of the
Ethernet cable into the AP/Bridge port on the injector, then plug the injector into an electrical outlet.
b. Connect the LAN port of the PoE injector to a FortiGate, FortiWifi, or FortiSwitch device.
2. If you are not using the PoE injector, insert the other end of the Ethernet cable into a PoE LAN port on an
appropriate FortiGate, FortiWiFi or FortiSwitch device.
3. By default, the options for the FortiExtender are hidden and disabled. Enable them in FortiGate’s CLI:
config system global
set fortiextender enable
set wireless-controller enable
end
4. Enable the control and provisioning of Wireless Access Point (CAPWAP) service on the port to which the
FortiExtender unit is connected (lan interface in this example) using the following CLI commands:
config system interface
edit lan
set allowaccess capwap
end
end
Once enabled, it appears as a virtual WAN interface in the FortiGate, such as fext-wan1.
Configuring the FortiExtender unit
1. At this point, you can fully manage the FortiExtender from the FortiGate unit. To achieve this, you need to
authorize the FortiExtender by going to System > Network > FortiExtender and click on Authorize. Once
authorized, you can configure the following settings as required:
l
l
l
l
l
Link Status: Shows you if the link is Up or Down, click on Details to see the System and Modem Status.
IP Address: Shows you the current FortiExtender’s IP address, click on the link of the IP address to connect to
the FortiExtender GUI.
OS Version: Shows the current FortiExtender’s build, click on Upgrade if you wish to upgrade the Firmware.
Configure Settings: Allows you to configure the Modem Settings (for more information, see below), PPP
Authentication, General, GSM / LTE, and CDMA .
Diagnostics: Allows you to diagnose the FortiExtender unit, you can choose a command form the existing
commands and click on Run. Existing commands are: Show device info, Show data session
connection status, test connection, test disconnection, Get signal strength,
AT Command.
The FortiExtender unit allows for two modes of operation for the modem; On Demand and Always Connect. In
On Demand mode, the modem connects to a dialup ISP account to provide the connection to the Internet when
needed. In Always Connect mode, the modem is always connected to the internet, it can acts as a primary or
backup method of connecting to the Internet. To configure the dial mode as needed, do the following:
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2. Select Configure Settings.
3. Extend Modem Settings.
4. Select the Dial Mode of Always Connect or On Demand.
5. Enter the Quota Limit to the desired limit in Mega Byte.
6. Select OK.
Configuring the FortiGate unit
1. Go to Router > Static > Static Routes or System > Network > Routing, depending on your FortiGate model,
and select Create New.
If your network will be using IPv6 addresses, go to Router > Static > Static Routes
or System > Network > Routing and select IPv6 Route.
2. Set the Destination IP/Mask to 0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0, Device to fext-wan1, and set the Gateway to your gateway IP
or to the next hop router, depending on your network requirements.
3. Select OK.
4. Go to Policy & Objects > Policy > IPv4 and select Create New.
If your network will be using IPv6 addresses, go to Policy & Objects > Policy >
IPv6 and select Create New.
5. Set the Incoming Interface to the internal interface and the Outgoing Interface to fext-wan1 interface. You
will also need to set Source Address, Destination Address, Schedule, and Service according to your
network requirements.
6. Make sure the Action is set to ACCEPT. Turn on NAT and make sure Use Destination Interface Address is
selected.
7. Select OK.
Using a Virtual WAN Link for Redundant Internet Connections
To make sure your network is always connected to the Internet you can engage the services of two or more
Internet service providers and set up redundant Internet connections. Then, if one of your ISPs service is
interrupted, all of your Internet traffic can be switched to the other ISP, maintaining your Internet connection.
Also, while both ISPs are operating you can load balance traffic between them, increasing your network’s
available Internet bandwidth.
Previous versions of FortiOS required a few steps to set up two interfaces as redundant Internet connections. The
setup also involved some special routing and load balancing setup and creating duplicate policy configurations for
each Internet facing interface. In addition, previous versions of FortiOS supported basic link monitoring.
FortiOS 5.2 adds a new type of interface called a virtual WAN link. A virtual WAN link consists of two or more
physical interfaces that are connected to two or more ISPs and to the Internet as well as the load balancing and
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routing configuration required to support redundant internet connections. In addition, the virtual WAN link
configuration also includes new link health checking and settings to control traffic flow based on link health.
The FortiGate unit sees the virtual WAN link as a single interface so the FortiGate’s security policy configuration
no longer has be redundant to support dual Internet links. Now one policy configuration to control traffic to the
virtual WAN link is all that is required. You can also add or remove redundant Internet links just by adding or
removing physical interfaces from the virtual WAN link. No addition changes to the routing, load balancing or
firewall policy configuration are required.
Setting Up a Virtual WAN Link
To set up a virtual WAN link, go to System > Network > Interfaces and select Create New > Virtual WAN .
Add the interfaces connected to ISPs to the virtual WAN link. For each interface you must enter a gateway IP,
usually provided by your ISP. You can also change load balancing settings (such as Spillover Threshold and
Weight) and set up link health checking (called measuring link quality).
Virtual WAN link configuration
Once you have added interfaces to the virtual WAN interface you should go to Router > Static > Static Route
and add a default route for the virtual WAN link. Then add firewall policies that allow access to the Internet by
setting the outgoing interface to virtual-wan-link.
For more information about using a virtual WAN link, please see the FortiGate Cookbook recipe Redundant
Internet connections (5.2.0) .
Setting Up Virtual WAN Link Load Balancing
By default when you set up a virtual WAN link source IP based load balancing is selected and traffic is load
balanced among the interfaces added to virtual WAN link configuration. You can change the load balancing
method to weighted load balancing, spill-over load balancing or source-destination IP load balancing. Selecting a
different load balancing method may also require configuring the interfaces added to the virtual WAN link to add
weights (for weighted load balancing) or to set spillover thresholds.
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Directing Traffic to Higher Quality Links
You can configure link quality measuring (link health checking) on the interfaces added to the virtual WAN link.
Depending on how you configure the virtual WAN link this link quality checking is based on latency or jitter. With
link quality checking in place you can configure Services to control the links used for selected types of traffic. For
example, media-based traffic like SIP is very sensitive to jitter. If you set up link quality checking to check for jitter,
you can configure the virtual WAN link to send SIP traffic to the link with the lowest jitter (and so the highest
quality link).
To configure link checking on individual interfaces added to a virtual WAN link, edit Interface members in the
virtual WAN link, select Measure Link Quality and set the quality measurement options. You can measure link
quality using ping or HTTP, select a server to communicate with to perform link quality checking and set the probe
interval, failure threshold and recovery threshold.
Configuring link health checking
Next, add Services that control how traffic patterns are affected by link quality. Services work like policy routes.
Configure a service by defining a traffic type (for example, SIP) and specifying whether this traffic always goes to
the highest quality interface, the lowest quality interface or a specific interface no matter the quality.
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Virtual WAN link service
Measured Volume Based Distribution
Your FortiGate can actively measure the volume of traffic sent to each WAN link and distribute new sessions to
balance the traffic volume to each link using a simple ratio calculation. To use this feature, use the following CLI
command:
config system virtual-wan-link
set load-balance-mode measured-volume-based
config member
edit <ID>
set volume-ratio <number>
end
end
end
The Link Monitor
You can monitor link health using the Link monitor, which can be found by going to System > Monitor > Link
Monitor.
FortiGuard Services
Several changes have been made to how FortiGuard services can be received by your FortiGate unit.
Updates from Multiple FortiManager Units
In FortiOS 5.2, you can configure your FortiGate unit to check with up to three FortiManagers for FortiGuard
signature updates, and use another set of up to three FortiManagers for FortiGuard web filtering URL lookups.
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Syntax
Use the following command to configure your FortiGate unit with the addresses of three FortiManagers that the
FortiGate will use to get FortiGuard signature updates:
config
set
set
set
set
end
system central-management
fortimanager-fds-sigupdate-override enable
sig-update-server-1 10.10.10.10
sig-update-server-2 20.20.20.20
sig-update-server-3 30.30.30.30
When the FortiGate unit checks for signature updates it attempts to connect to update server 1. If the connection
fails it tries update server 2 then 3. It connects to the first one that's available to get updates.
Use the following command to configure your FortiGate unit with the addresses of three FortiManagers that the
FortiGate will use for FortiGuard Web Filtering URL lookups:
config
set
set
set
set
end
system central-management
fortimanager-fds-urllookup-override enable
url-lookup-server-1 11.11.11.11
url-lookup-server-2 12.12.12.12
url-lookup-server-3 13.13.13.13
When the FortiGate unit needs to do a web filtering lookup it attempts to connect to lookup server 1. If the
connection fails it tries lookup server 2 then 3. It connects to the first one that's available to do the lookup.
FortiGuard Server List
In FortiOS 5.2, you can create a server list for receiving FortiGuard updates, allowing you to use different servers
for different FortiGuard services. Each server can be used for either web filter and anti-spam ratings or AV/IPS
signature updates.
The server list also has the ability to include the default servers by adding them to the end of the list. This option
is only available if the central management type is not set to FortiGuard.
If no server list is configured, the FortiGuard will not use the public FortiGuard servers as resolved by DNS.
Syntax
config server-list
edit <ID>
set server-type {rating | update}
set server-address <address>
end
set include-default-servers {enable | disable}
end
Using TCP Port 80 to Receive Updates from a FortiManager Unit
Communications to a FortiManager unit in order to receive FortiGuard updates are now supported using TCP port
80.
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To configure communications to use port 80, go to System > Config > FortiGuard and expand Web Filtering
and Email Filtering Options. Select Use Alternate Port (80). This can also be configured using the CLI.
Syntax
config system fortiguard
set port 80
end
FortiGuard TCP stats can also be displayed using the diagnose test application urlfilter 20
command.
Netflow v9.0
FortiOS 5.2 supports Netflow v9.0. NetFlow services provide network administrators with access to IP flow
information from their data networks. Network elements (routers and switches) gather flow data and export it to
collectors. The collected data provides fine-grained metering for highly flexible and detailed resource usage
accounting.
A flow is defined as a unidirectional sequence of packets with some common properties that pass through a
network device. These collected flows are exported to an external device, the NetFlow collector. Network flow
records include details such as IP addresses, packet and byte counts, timestamps, application ports, and input
and output interfaces.
Configuring the Global Settings for Netflow Collector and Timers
The global settings for Netflow can be configured in the CLI:
config
set
set
set
set
set
end
system netflow
collector-ip <address>
collector-port <port>
source-ip <address>
active-flow-timeout <integer>
inactive-flow-timeout <integer>
The value for active-flow-timeout is used as the minimum length of a live session, as well as for the
intervals to send the report. The default is 1 minute, meaning that if a session lives for a minute, it will be
reported in a Netflow packet.
The value for inactive-flow-timeout is used as the interval to send a Netflow report of inactive (finished)
flows. Since FortiOS uses 1350 Byte payloads, the number of reports in a packet are limited and multiple packets
may be sent regardless of this timer.
Using Netflow with VDOMs
For VDOM environments, excluding the management VDOM, Netflow must be configured using the following
CLI commands:
config system vdom-netflow
set vdom-netflow enable
set collector-ip <address>
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set collector-port <port>
set source-ip <address>
end
Adding Netflow Sampling to an Interface
Netflow sampling can be enabled on an interface to sample transmitted traffic (tx), received traffic (rx), or both
using the CLI:
config system interface
edit <name>
set netflow-sampler {disable | tx | rx | both}
end
end
Viewing the Configuration
Netflow does not have a separate daemon and is instead running under sflowd. The current Netflow configuration
can be viewed by using test level 3 or 4:
diagnose test application sflowd 3
diagnose test application sflowd 4
DHCP Server Configuration
The following attributes have been added for DHCP server configuration to both the web-based manager and the
CLI:
l
Time zone
l
TFTP server
l
TFTP filename
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DCHP server settings
Syntax
config system dhcp server
edit <integer>
set timezone-option {disable | default | specify}
set timezone <timezone_code>
set tftp-server <string>
set filename <file_name>
end
end
Improvements to Aggregate/Redundant Interfaces
Several improvements have been made in FortiOS 5.2 for aggregate or redundant interfaces.
Minimum Number of Links in an Aggregation
You can now set a minimum number of links that must exist in an aggregation. If this number is not reached, the
device will failover. The minimum links value can be set between 1-32, with 1 being the default value.
Aggregates can also now be configured so that they are taken down administratively when the min-links threshold
is passed. This will cause all the members to be taken down administratively as well.
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Syntax
config system interface
edit <name>
set type aggregate
set vdom root
set member <ports>
set min-links <integer>
set min-links-down administrative
end
end
Avoiding Traffic Disturbances
Two new methods have been added to avoid traffic disturbances for an aggregate that can be caused by ports
flapping up and down and being repeatedly added and removed from the aggregate.
Setting the Link Up Delay Period
When a member port in an aggregate/redundant becomes operationally up, be default it is considered as a viable
port for aggregation/redundancy after 50ms. Increasing this delay can minimizing the effect of a flapping port by
causing the FortiGate to wait longer before deciding if a port is considered viable. This option is available for both
redundant and aggregate interfaces.
Syntax
config system interface
edit <name>
set type {aggregate | redundant}
set link-up-delay <time>
end
end
Enabling Priority Override
In the case of a redundant port, there is only one port actively carrying traffic thus the only time a port coming up
can affect existing traffic is where the primary port went down, traffic moved to a secondary and then the primary
came back up. In this case since there is only one port the impact of switching ports is more noticeable and thus it
may be desirable to not switch back to the original primary just because it is up. Instead traffic should only switch
back if the currently active secondary fails.
To support that, the command set priority-override has been added for redundant interfaces. If
priority-override is enabled, then when a port with a higher priority comes up then traffic switches to it.
With priority-override disabled, traffic will only switch to a higher priority port if the current port fails.
Syntax
config system interface
edit <name>
set type redundant
set priority-override {enable | disable}
end
end
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Link Layer Description Protocol
Link Layer Description Protocol (LLDP) is supported in FortiOS 5.2. LLDP allows a device to advertise its
existence and capabilities to other devices.
The primary use for LLDP is to improve a FortiGate unit's device detection output when another FortiGate unit is
detected. LLDP information is used to populate the device record on the FortiGate unit performing device
detection. Any LLDP information transmitted by a peer is ignored unless FortiGate device detection is enabled on
an interface. If device detection is enabled, then the subset of LLDP information sent by the peer that is relevant
to device detection is shown in the diagnose user device list output.
The transmitted LLDP attributes on a given port are:
l
Chassis ID
l
Port ID
l
TTL
l
System Name
l
System Description
l
System Capabilities
l
Aggregation
l
Host Name
LLDP transmission is enabled by default on all ports that support a MAC address. It can be disabled globally, or
disabled on some interfaces or VDOMs, while being enabled on others.
Syntax
To disable LLDP globally or on a specific VDOM, use the following command:
config system global
set lldp-transmission disable
end
To enable LLDP at the individual interface level, first disable LLDP globally, then use the following command:
config system interface
edit <name>
set lldp-transmission enable
end
end
CPU and Memory Usage per VDOM
In FortiOS 5.2, the following information sources are available concerning both CPU and memory usage per
VDOM:
Default columns for CPU and Memory have been added to the VDOM list.
Optional columns for Sessions and New Sessions per Second have been added to the VDOM list.
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A summary line has been added to at the bottom of the VDOM list to show global CPU, memory, sessions, and
sessions per second usage.
The CLI command diagnose system vd stats has been added to display VDOM statistics.
VDOM list
Custom Languages for Guest Management and SSL VPN Portals
Custom language files can now be used for guest management admin accounts, as well as guest portals, SSL
VPN portals, and SSL VPN user settings.
To use this feature, it must be enabled in the CLI. Language files can now be managed, imported, and
downloaded by going to System > Config > Advanced. Further configuration can be done in the CLI.
Syntax
1. Enabling the feature:
config system global
set gui-custom-language enable
end
2. Downloading a custom language file from a TFTP server:
execute system custom-language import <lang_name> <file_name> <tftp_server_ip>
3. Managing custom languages:
config system custom-language
edit <lang_name>
set filename <file_name>
end
end
4. Setting the custom language for an admin account with guest-auth enabled:
config system admin
edit <name>
set guest-auth enable
set guest-lang <lang_name>
end
end
5. Setting the custom language for an SSL-VPN portal with web-mode enabled:
config vpn ssl interface
edit <name>
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set web-mode enable
set custom-lang <lang_name>
end
end
6. Setting the custom language for an SSL-VPN user:
config vpn ssl web user-bookmark
edit <name>
set custom-lang <lang_name>
end
end
Packet Capture Options for Admin Profiles
Packet capture can now be configured in an admin profile and set to None, Read Only, or Read-Write. The
packet capture option can be found by going to System > Admin > Admin Profiles and expanding Firewall
Configuration.
This feature can also be configured in the CLI.
Syntax
config system accprofile
edit <name>
set fwgrp custom
config fwgrp-permission
set packet-capture {read-only | read-write | none}
end
end
end
FortiCloud Modem List
The supported modem list that can be downloaded from FortiCloud will now include a list of supported modems
by FortiOS and the new FortiExtender unit. To support this, the file format of the list changed from plain text to
tar ball that contains two files: modem_list.conf for the FortiOS list and modem_list_fex.conf for the
FortiExtender list.
SPAN Support for Hard-Switch Interfaces
The Switch Port Analyzer (SPAN) feature is now available for hardware switch interfaces on FortiGate models
with built-in hardware switches (for example, the FortiGate-100D, 140D, and 200D etc.). The SPAN feature (also
called port mirroring) allows you to send a copy of the packets received or sent by one interface to another. So, for
example, you could send all traffic received by the WAN interface to another interface and connect a sniffer to
that other interface to monitor the traffic on the WAN interface.
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System Features
To enable SPAN on a hardware switch, go to System > Network > Interfaces and edit a hardware switch
interface. By default the system may have a hardware switch interface called lan. You can also create a new
hardware switch interface.
Select the SPAN checkbox. Select a source port from which traffic will be mirrored. Select the destination port to
which the mirrored traffic is sent. Select to mirror traffic received, traffic sent, or both.
Configuring SPAN
You can also enable SPAN in the CLI:
Syntax
config system virtual-switch
edit <port>
set span enable
set span-source-port <port>
set span-dest-port <port>
set span-direction {both | Tx | Rx}
end
end
Setting the Service and AC-name in PPOE PADI/PADO Negotiations
The Service and AC name in the PPPoE PADI/PADO negotiation is now configurable. This allows CLI-specified
names to encoded, enhancing logic in the handling of various PPPoE server responses, especially in situations
where there are multiple Access Concentrator servers in the Point of Presence site.
Syntax
edit port1
set mode pppoe
set service-name <name>
set ac-name <name>
end
Disabling FortiExplorer, the USB MGMT Port, and the Serial Console
New CLI commands have been added allowing you to disable access for FortiExplorer on Windows and OS X and
the USB MGMT port, or for the serial console, FortiExplorer iOS, the USB MGMT port, and 3G/4G MODEM
access.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
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Syntax
1. Disable FortiExplorer on Windows and OS X and the USB MGMT port:
config system console
set fortiexplorer disable
end
2. Disable serial console, FortiExplorer iOS, and 3G/4G MODEM access:
config system console
set login disable
end
Port Kernel Profiling
Port kernel profiling is now supported in FortiOS 5.2. To use this feature, enter the command diagnose sys
profile into the CLI. If you press enter, the following options are available:
1. set cpu mask
2. run start command
3. run stop command to read the profiling data and analyze
4. run show command to show the result
5. set cpu mask 00 to stop profiling
The following attributes are also available:
l
cpumask - profile which CPUs.
l
module - show kernel module (This is only available when the kernel is module mode).
l
show - show kernel profiling result.
l
start - start kernel profiling data.
l
stop - copy kernel profiling data.
l
sysmap - show kernel sysmap.
Using a Second Destination IP (VRDST)
VRRP can now be configured with second destination IP (VRDST) for monitoring. When two IPs are used, VRRP
failure will only be reported if both monitored IPs are down.
A second VRDST can be configured using the CLI.
Syntax
config system interface
edit <interface>
config vrrp
edit <id>
set vrdst <ip1> <ip2>
end
end
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
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end
Session Rate Stats per VDOM
The command diagnose system vd list now displays the session setup rate. This feature is supported
for both IPv4 and IPv6.
Disable Honoring the Don't-Fragment Flag
Honoring the Don't-Fragment flag can now be disabled through the CLI. This allows the FortiGate unit to
fragment the packet as required, even when the Don't-Fragment flag is set.
Syntax
config system global
set honor-df disable
end
Disable Login Time Recording
Login time recording, which is enabled by default, can now be disabled using the CLI.
Syntax
config system global
set login-timestamp disable
end
Per-IP-Bandwidth-Usage Feature Removed
The Per-IP-Bandwidth feature has been removed in FortiOS 5.2. This includes both the Per-P-Bandwidth
widget in the web-based manager and all related CLI commands.
Modem Support
The Novatel MC679 and Sierra 313U modems are supported in FortiOS 5.2 for use with a FortiGate unit.
An MIB entry, fgUsbModemSignalStrength, has also been added to display modem signal strength.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Usability Enhancements
Many usability enhancements have been made to the web-based manager in FortiOS 5.2, in order to make the
configuration process more efficient. New usability enhancements include:
l
FortiView Dashboards
l
FortiExplorer Setup Wizard Improvements
l
Interfaces List Improvements
l
Dragging Objects Between Policies in the Policy List
l
Cloning Table Objects
l
DHCP-related Improvements in the Web-based Manager
l
System Resources Widget
l
License Information Widget
l
USB Modem Widget
l
New Feature Settings Preset
l
Improved Banned User List Page
l
Replacement Message Improvements
l
Sorting and Filtering Support for the Virtual IP list
l
Web-based Manager Options for the FortiGate-30D
FortiView Dashboards
In order for information to appear in the FortiView dashboards, disk logging must be
selected for the FortiGate unit. To select disk logging, go to Log & Report > Log
Config > Log Settings.
Disk logging is disabled by default for some FortiGate units. To enable disk logging,
enter the following command in the CLI:
config log disk setting
set status enable
end
Please note that flash-based logging has been disabled in FortiOS 5.2 for certain models. To view a complete list of affected models, please refer to the Release Notes.
The FortiView dashboards integrate real time and historical dashboards into a single view. These dashboards
can be found by going to Status > FortiView. Each dashboard will initially display the top 100 sessions but when
the results are filtered, other sessions may be displayed.
Each dashboards can be filtered by a variety of attributes. Attributes can be selected by using the dropdown menu
located at the top of each widgets that displays only the options that have results; for example, if the only
applications used in the are Dropbox, SSL, and Skype, the only options in the dropdown menu for the Application
filter will be Dropbox, SSL, and Skype.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
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Filtering for Applications
Results can also be filtered using the various columns, although not all columns support this.
The dashboards also include different time options, allowing you to see current traffic in real-time, or historical
traffic that occurred in the last 5 minutes, 1 hour, or 24 hours.
Historical traffic is only supported on FortiGate models that have local storage. The 24
hours option is also unavailable for desktop models (FortiGate-90 series and below).
Sources
The Sources dashboard shows information about the sources of traffic on your FortiGate unit, including user and
device. Additional columns show information about sessions and bytes sent or received.
This dashboard can be filtered by source IP, source device, source interface, destination interface, and policy ID.
The Sources dashboard
Applications
The Applications dashboard shows information about the applications being used on your network, including
application name, category, and risk level. Additional columns show information about sessions and bytes sent or
received.
This dashboard can be filtered by application, source interface, destination interface, and policy ID.
In order for information to appear in the Applications dashboard, application control
must be enabled in a policy.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
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The Applications dashboard
Cloud Applications
The Cloud Applications dashboard shows information about the cloud applications being used on your
network, including application name, category, risk level, login IDs, and, if applicable, the number of videos
played. If the cursor is held over the column showing the number of videos, the titles of these videos will be
shown. Additional columns show information about sessions and bytes sent or received.
Two different views are available for the Cloud Applications dashboard: applications and users. Applications
shows a list of the programs being used. Users shows information on the individual users of the cloud
applications, including the username if the FortiGate was able to view the login event.
This dashboard can be filtered by application, source interface, destination interface, and policy ID.
In order for information to appear in the Cloud Applications dashboard, an application control profile that has Deep Inspection of Cloud Applications turned on
must be enabled in a policy and SSL Inspection must use deep-inspection (for
more information, see "SSL Inspection").
The Cloud Applications dashboard
Destinations
The Destinations dashboard shows information about the destination IPs of traffic on your FortiGate unit, as
well as the application used. Additional columns show information about sessions and bytes sent or received.
This dashboard can be filtered by destination IP, user, source interface, destination interface, and policy ID.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
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The Destinations dashboard
Websites
The Websites dashboard lists the top allowed and top blocked web sites. You can view information by domain or
by FortiGuard categories by using the options in the top right corner. Each FortiGuard category can be clicked on
in order to see a description of the category and several example sites, with content loaded from FortiGuard on
demand. New icons have also been added for FortiGuard category groups. Additional information is provided
about domain, browsing time, threat weight, sources, and bytes sent or received.
This dashboard can be filtered by source interface, domain, destination interface, and policy ID.
In order for information to appear in the Websites dashboard, web filtering must be
enabled in a policy, with FortiGuard Categories enabled.
The Websites dashboard
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Threats
The Threats dashboard lists the top users involved in incidents, as well as information on the top threats to your
network. Additional information is provided about the threat, category, threat level, threat weight, and number of
incidents.
This dashboard can be filtered by source interface, threat type, threat, destination interface, and policy ID.
In order for information to appear in the Threats dashboard, Threat Weight Tracking must be used.
The Threats dashboard
All Sessions
The All Sessions dashboard shows information about all FortiGate traffic. To choose which columns you wish
to view, select Column Settings and place your desired columns in the right-hand box, in the order that you wish
them to appear.
This dashboard can be filtered by source IP, destination IP, application, source device, source interface,
destination interface, and policy ID. If you have set a filter in a different dashboard before viewing the All
Sessions dashboard, that filter will remain until manually cleared.
The All Sessions dashboard
Drilldown Options
In all FortiView dashboards except for the All Sessions dashboard, you can view more information about a
particular session by right-clicking or double-clicking on the session to display the Drilldown to details... option,
which opens a summary page that includes further information about applications, sources, destinations, and
sessions where applicable.
From this summary page, you can access automatically filtered logs that will show a list of applicable sessions.
For example, if you have picked the IP address 192.168.120.110 from the Sources dashboard, you can then
select Drilldown to details... for Skype from the Applications column. This will open a log that displays all
sessions from 192.168.1.1 that used Skype. From this page, you can select Drilldown to details... for any
individual session, in order to view the log entry for that session.
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Viewing Skype sessions from the Source Address 192.168.120.110
In the All Sessions dashboard, filters are also used to narrow down what results are shown. If you are viewing
historical traffic in the All Sessions dashboard, you can also add an element to a filter by right-clicking the
element and selecting Set Filter.
Sniffer Traffic Support
Historical traffic logging with the FortiView dashboards is supported for sniffer traffic.
FortiExplorer Setup Wizard Improvements
Several improvements have been made to the FortiExplorer Setup Wizard.
Removed Features
Several features have been removed from the FortiGate Setup Wizard:
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Central management configuration
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UTM: AntiSpam setup
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UTM: IPS setup
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Virtual Servers
The WAN Topology options have also been simplified so that the only option is Single Ethernet.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
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FortiWiFi
Several additional changes have occurred for FortiWiFi units, found in the LAN + WiFi Settings section of the
wizard:
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The default SSID is now named fortinetXXXX, where XXXX is the last 4 digits of the FWF serial number.
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The default SSID is bridged with the internal network.
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The default pre-shared key is different for each FortiWiFi unit.
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A Show Password option has been added.
Internet Access
The following changes have been made to the Internet Access section of the wizard:
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Selecting Block Viruses and Malicious Content enables anti-virus and web filtering
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The MPAA rating system is used for Parental Controls
Remote VPN
In the Remote VPN section, an option has been added to setup dynamic DNS with FortiGuard. The option is
enabled by default.
AntiVirus Inspection Mode
If the flow-based AntiVirus database is not enabled, the setup wizard will change the default profile to proxybased.
Interfaces List Improvements
Several improvements have been made to the Interfaces List:
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Only interfaces with tunnels or VPNs expand to show more information.
The Status column shows the number of clients using the interface. Clicking on the number in the status column will
direct you to the DHCP Monitor or wireless Client Monitor, depending on which type of clients are using the
interface.
The protocols listed in the Access column have been assigned color codes. Secure services (HTTPS, SSH) are
listed in grey, insecure services (TELNET, HTTP without HTTPS redirect enabled) are listed in red, and all other
services are listed in blue.
The Interfaces list
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Usability Enhancements
Dragging Objects Between Policies in the Policy List
Objects can now be moved or copied from one policy to another in the policy list. This includes source and
destination addresses, services, users, user groups, and security profiles. The default “none” object is also
included.
Because of this change, a blank policy can now be created, with the configuration determined by dragging
elements from other policies.
Cloning Table Objects
Table objects can now be cloned, allowing an existing object to be copied and given a new name. The object's
properties can then be configured by selecting Edit.
Cloning is enabled for both Firewall Objects and Security Profiles.
DHCP-related Improvements in the Web-based Manager
A number of improvements have been made in the web-based manager, relating to DHCP:
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A DHCP Server column has been added to the interface list that shows which interfaces have been enabled as a
DHCP server and the assigned IP range.
The DHCP Client List has been improved by adding device icons and changing the Expires column to show the
amount of time left on the DHCP lease.
New addressing modes have been added to support IPv6 and PPPOE. The option for IPv6 will only appear if it has
been enabled in the web-based manager, while PPPOE options only appear if IPv4 addressing is set to PPPOE as
well.
Options have been added to DHCP Monitor, allowing DCCP leases to be revoked and IP reservations to be added
or edited.
Advanced DHCP configuration can now be done through the web-based manager. To enable this feature, the
following syntax must be used in the CLI:
config system global
set gui-dhcp-advanced enable
end
After this has been enabled, an Advanced menu can be expanded when configuring DCHP on a network
interface.
System Resources Widget
The appearance of the System Resource widget has been changed to better illustrate the large number of CPU
cores. The IPMC sensors information, about temperature, fan, and power supply unit, has also been added to the
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Usability Enhancements
widget for some FortiGate models.
System Resources widget (on a FortiGate-100D)
License Information Widget
The appearance of the License Information widget has changed to clearly show the current licenses of your
FortiGate. A new option has also been added to extend a license, which allows you to add a new license as soon
as you buy it, rather than having to wait for the current license to expire.
License Information widget
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Usability Enhancements
USB Modem Widget
The following changes have occurred to the USB Modem widget:
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The LOC number has been removed.
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SIM State and SIM card ID fields have been added.
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MEID will be displayed if a CDMA modem is used.
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IMEI will be displayed if a GSM modem is used.
New Feature Settings Preset
A new preset, UTM, has been added to the Feature Settings, which are set either using the Features widget or
by going to System > Config > Features. This preset turns on the following features: antivirus, web filtering,
application control, and end point control. This preset is the default setting for FortiGate models 200 and below.
The preset formerly known as UTM, which turns on all features, is now called full UTM.
Improved Banned User List Page
The banned user list has been improved by the following changes:
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Adding a search function
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Improving sorting through column filters
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Displaying information on the event that caused the user to be quarantined
Replacement Message Improvements
The process of creating replacement message using tags and images has been simplified by the following
additions:
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A right-click menu to insert tags/images
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An auto-complete feature for tags (when you begins by entering %%)
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Descriptions for each tag that appear as they are typed
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Image previews when an image tag is used
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An graphics list that allows you to select from predefined images or upload a new image
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Variables for source IP (%%SOURCE_IP%%), destination IP (%%DEST_IP%%), and user name
(%%USERNAME%%) can now be added.
Sorting and Filtering Support for the Virtual IP list
In FortiOS, the virtual IP list can be sorted and filtered, allowing for easier management.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Usability Enhancements
Web-based Manager Options for the FortiGate-30D
The FortiGate-30D by default views a different version of the web-based manager than other units, known as
gui-lite. This mode can be disabled in the CLI, in order to view the standard web-based manager.
Syntax
config system global
set gui-lite disable
end
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Firewall
New firewall features include:
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Menu Simplification
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Unified Policy Management
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Importing LDAP Users for a Security Policy
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Dynamic VIP According to DNS Translation
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GTP Rate Limiting
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Object UUID Support
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Configuring the Class of Service Bit
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Hairpinning for NAT64 and NAT46
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Maximum Number of Available Virtual IPs Increased
Menu Simplification
Security policies and firewall objects are now found in the same menu, called Policy & Objects.
Policies
The menu option for policies, found at Policy & Objects > Policy, has been expanded to include the following
policy types:
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IPv4
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IPv6
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NAT64
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NAT46
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DoS
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IPv6 DoS
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Multicast
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Local In
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Central NAT Table
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Proxy Options
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SSL Inspection (SSL/SSH Inspection on some FortiGate models)
Objects
The following firewall objects have been grouped together under a single menu, found at Policy & Objects >
Objects:
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Addresses
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Services
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Schedules
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Firewall
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Traffic Shapers
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Virtual IPs
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IP Pools
Other changes have been made for specific features.
Groups
Object groups can now be made by expanding the arrow beside Create New and selecting Group.
Traffic Shapers
Shared and Per-IP shapers have been combined into a single page, with a Type field added to the creation page.
Traffic shapers creation screen
An additional column, Type, has also been added to the traffic shapers table.
Unified Policy Management
The different creation pages in the web-based manager for policy types and subtypes (user-identity, device
identity, and VPN) have been merged into a single main policy creation page. New fields have been added for
Source User(s) and Source Device Type that remove the need for multiple authentication rules in a single
police. This allows for greater control and customization of policies, as a combination of these source types can
be used in a single policy rather than having to pick one type.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Firewall
The policy creation page
If both Source User(s) and Source Device Type are set, then traffic must match both fields in order to be
accepted by the policy. Both these fields are optional; only Source Address must be set.
For policies that require user or device authentication, there is an implicit fall-through to allow traffic to be
checked against other policies if it does not match the authentication requirements. This option cannot be
disabled and the CLI command set fall-through-unauthenticated has been removed.
For more information about security policies in FortiOS 5.2, please see the FortiGate Cookbook recipe Creating
security policies.
To create a policy for SSL VPNs, an SSL VPN interface is created and used as the source interface. For more
information about this interface creation, see SSL VPN Configuration on page 101.
Importing LDAP Users for a Security Policy
The LDAP user importing wizard can now be launched during the creation of a new security policy, by selecting
Import LDAP users in the dropdown menu when you are adding users to the policy.
The LDAP user importing wizard
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Firewall
Dynamic VIP According to DNS Translation
Dynamic virtual IPs according to DNS translation can now be configured.
When a dynamic virtual IP is used in a policy, the dynamic DNS translation table is installed along with the
dynamic NAT translation table into the kernel. All matched DNS responses will be translated and recorded
regardless if they hit the policy. When a client request hits the policy, dynamic NAT translation will occur if it
matches a record, otherwise the traffic will be blocked.
Syntax
config firewall vip
edit 1
set type dns-translation
set extip 192.168.0.1-192.168.0.100
set extintf dmz
set dns-mapping-ttl 604800
set mappedip 3.3.3.0/24 4.0.0.0/24
end
end
GTP Rate Limiting
New methods of GPRS Tunneling Protocol (GTP) rate limiting are available in FortiOS 5.2.
Per-Stream Rate Limiting
FortiOS 5.2 supports per-stream rate limiting of GTP and the ability to apply rate limiting separately for GTPv0
and GTPv1, as well as for GTPv2.
This feature required the addition of the following CLI commands: message-rate-limit-v0, messagerate-limit-v1, and message-rate-limit-v2. The commands message-rate-limit-v0 and
message-rate-limit-v1 are only visible when rate-limit-mode is set to per-stream, while messagerate-limit is visible when rate-limit-mode is set to per-profile. The command message-rate-limit-v2
is always visible, since GTPv2 message numbering and naming are different from GTPv0/v1.
The following features have also been added:
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Warning limit support.
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Per-version message rate limiting.
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A log for rate limiting warning called rate-limited-warning.
In addition, FortiOS Carrier now indicates the GTP version in rate limiting log messages and writes a rate limiting
warning log message when a packet exceeds the rate limiting threshold.
Syntax
config firewall gtp
edit <name>
set rate-limit-mode {per-profile | per-stream}
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Firewall
set warning-threshold {0-99}
config {message-rate-limit-v0 | message-rate-limit-v1 | message-rate-limit-v2}
set create-pdp-request <rate-limit>
set delete-pdp-request <rate-limit>
set echo-request <rate-limit>
end
end
Per-APN Rate Limiting Profiles
In FortiOS 5.2, GTP rate limiting profiles can be based per-APN, as well as per-IP. To use this feature, the rate
limit for each specific APN needs to be configured in the CLI, as there is no default rate limit.
Syntax
config firewall gtp profile
set rate-limit-mode per-apn
config per-apn-shaper
edit <ID>
set apn <string>
set version <version>
set rate-limit <rate-limit>
end
end
Object UUID Support
UUID is only supported on large-partition platforms (>=128M).
A Universally Unique Identified (UUID) attribute has been added to some firewall objects, including virtual IPs and
virtual IP groups for IPv4, IPv6, NAT46, and NAT64, so that the logs can record these UUID to be used by a
FortiManager or FortiAnalyzer unit.
The UUID of an object can either be generated automatically or assigned through the CLI. To view the UUID for
these objects in a FortiGate unit's logs, log-uuid must be set to extended mode, rather than policyonly, which only shows the policy UUID in a traffic log.
Syntax
config sys global
set log-uuid {disable | policy-only | extended}
end
config firewall {policy | policy6 | policy46 | policy64 | address| addres6 | addgrp |
addgrp6}
edit <1>
set uuid <8289ef80-f879-51e2-20dd-fa62c5c51f44>
end
end
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Firewall
Configuring the Class of Service Bit
FortiGate units can now configure the value of the Class of Service (CoS) bit, also called Priority Code Point
(PCP).
The value of CoS in forward direction (fwd) and reverse direction (rev) is set in the policy/policy6 table using the
CLI. The value can be set either as 255, to allow passthrough, or given a priority between 0 and 7.
Syntax
config firewall {policy | policy6}
set vlan-cos-fwd <int>
set vlan-cos-rev <int>
end
Hairpinning for NAT64 and NAT46
In FortiOS 5.2, NAT64 and NAT46 support hairpinning between hosts that are located in the same network
behind a single external IP address. Hairpinning allows endpoints on the internal network to communicate using
external IP addresses and ports.
In order to allow hairpinning, set permit-any-host must be enabled in the NAT64 or NAT46 firewall policy.
Maximum Number of Available Virtual IPs Increased
The maximum limit of available virtual IPs has been increased on 1U FortiGate models (FortiGate-100 to 800
series) to 16,000 and on 2U FortiGate models (FortiGate-1000 to 3810 series) to 32,000.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Security Profiles
New security profiles features include:
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Menu and Options Simplification
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SSL Inspection
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Web Filtering
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Application Control
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Flow-based Antivirus
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Intrusion Protection System (IPS)
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Vulnerability Scanning Visibility
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Removed IM Proxy Options from CLI
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Client Reputation
Menu and Options Simplification
The menus and options for security profiles have changed in several ways. The basic profile/sensor/settings
options have been left in the menu for each feature, while extra tables are now located in the Advanced menu.
Other changes have been made for specific features.
AntiVirus
Several changes have been made for the configuration options in AntiVirus profiles, as visible options change
depending on whether Inspection Mode is set to Flow-based or Proxy.
Flow-based Profile Options
If flow-based inspection is used for AntiVirus, the only additional options that can be configured in the web-based
manager are for what actions will be taken for detected viruses and connections to Botnet C&C servers. Detect
Viruses can be set to either Block or Monitor. These same two options are available for Botnet C&C servers, if
detection is enabled.
Flow-based options for AntiVirus
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Security Profiles
Proxy Options
If proxy inspection is used for AntiVirus, the addition Block or Monitor options are available for both detected
viruses and Botnet C&C servers. The previous options for using FortiSandbox and protocol selection are also
available.
Proxy options for AntiVirus
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Security Profiles
Web Filter
The web filter profile page has been expanded to contain settings for FortiGuard Categories, Search
Engines, URL Filters, Ratings Options, and Proxy Options.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Security Profiles
The web filter profile page
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Security Profiles
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Security Profiles
Intrusion Protection
The IPS sensor page now contains options for Pattern Based Signatures and Filters and Rate Based
Signatures. The full list of IPS Signatures can be accessed from the sensor page by selecting View IPS
Signatures.
The IPS sensor page
Application Control
The following changes have been made to improve usability in the web-based manager:
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A new category list has been made that appears on the sensor page, found by going to Security Profiles >
Application Control. When you click on a category, a drop down menu appears, allowing the action for that
category to be changed. You can also select to view all the application control signatures for that category.
Application signatures can be viewed by selecting View Application Signatures.
Application Overrides allow you to change the action taken for specific signatures/applications.
The application filter sorting criteria popularity, technology, and risk have been removed.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Security Profiles
The application control sensor page
Advanced Options
A new advanced menu has been added that contains the following features:
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Web rating overrides
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Web profile overrides
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DLP fingerprinting
Web Rating Overrides can also now be used to edit or delete custom website categories.
SSL Inspection
There have been several changes to how SSL Inspection is handled on a FortiGate unit.
Automatic Inspection When Security Profiles are Used
If any security profile is used in a security policy, SSL inspection will automatically be enabled, at which point an
SSL mode must be selected (see below for more details).
HTTPS Scanning Without Deep Inspection
The following changes have been made in order to allow HTTPS traffic to be scanned without enabling deep
inspection:
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Security Profiles
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There are now two modes for SSL inspection: certificate inspection (certificate-inspection in the CLI),
which only inspects the SSL handshake, and deep inspection (deep-inspection in the CLI), which
enables full deep inspection of SSL traffic (this was previously the default mode for SSL inspection).
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The CLI command https-url-scan has been removed.
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deep-inspection-options has been renamed ssl-ssh-profile.
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The SSL inspect-all option and the https status option now have three states: disable,
certificate-inspection, and deep-inspection. The status option for the other protocols now use
deep-inspection instead of enabled.
When a new policy or profile group is created, the SSL inspection profile certificate-inspection is
automatically added.
SSL/Deep Inspection Exemptions
The options for configuring exemptions to SSL/Deep Inspection is now configured as part of the deep inspection
options, rather than FortiGuard web filtering. Exemptions can be added to SSL inspection by going to Policy &
Objects > Policy > SSL Inspection or through the CLI.
Certain applications, such as iTunes and Dropbox, require a specific certificate to be used, rather than using the
use the system's certifciate store. Because of this, the default deep inspection profile, deep-inspection, has
exemptions configured for these applications by default in FortiOS 5.2.
Syntax
config firewall ssl-ssh-profile
edit <name>
config ssl-exempt
edit <id>
set type {fortiguard-category | address | address6}
set category <id>
set address <string>
end
end
Generating Unique CA and Server Certificates
A FortiGate unit will now generate default SSL inspection CA and server certificates that are unique to that unit
the first time the certificates are required. Previously, FortiGate units all have the same default CA and server
certificates.
There are some exceptions: for example, in a HA cluster all FortiGate units need the same CA and server
certificates. The certificates can also be changed as required for load balancing and other configurations.
Existing customers will not be affected by this change, as FortiOS 5.2 will not change the current defaults on
upgrade.
You can use the CLI commands below to generate new certificates that will be unique to your FortiGate unit.
The following command re-generates the default SSL inspection CA certificate:
execute vpn certificate local generate default-ssl-ca
The following command re-generates the default SSL inspection server certificate:
execute vpn certificate local generate default-ssl-serv-key
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Security Profiles
Server Certificates
In FortiOS 5.2, two methods are available to support server certificates and allow inbound traffic to be inspected:
Multiple Clients Connecting to Multiple Servers (re-sign in the CLI) or Protecting SSL Server
(replace in the CLI).
The default setting for SSL Inspection is Multiple Clients Connecting to Multiple Servers.This setting can
be changed by going to Policy & Objects > Policy > SSL Inspection or through the CLI.
Syntax
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Uploading a new server certificate:
config firewall ssl-ssh-profile
edit <name>
set server-cert-mode replace
set server-cert <certificate>
end
end
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Re-signing the server certificate:
config firewall ssl-ssh-profile
edit <name>
set server-cert-mode re-sign
set caname <name>
set certname <name>
end
end
Web Filtering
There have been several changes made to web filtering in FortiOS 5.2.
HTTPS for Warnings and Authentication
HTTPS protocol can now be used when sending web filtering warnings or requiring a user to authenticate,
including authentication for web filter overrides.
Syntax
config webfilter fortiguard
set ovrd-auth-https enable
set warn-auth-https enable
end
Modifying HTTP Request Headers
In FortiOS 5.2, you can add, modify, and remove header fields in HTTP request when scanning web traffic in
proxy-mode. If a header field exists when your FortiGate receives the request, its content will be modified based
on the configurations in the URL filter.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Security Profiles
Syntax
config web-proxy profile
edit <name>
config headers
edit <ID>
set name <name>
set content <string>
end
end
Restrict Google Access to Corporate Accounts
A new option has to web filtering to restrict Google access to specific domains. This allows you to block access to
some Google accounts and services while allowing access to corporate Google accounts.
To use this option, go to Security Profiles > Web Filter and select Restrict Google Account Usage to
Specific Domains under Proxy Options. You can then add the appropriate Google domains that will be
allowed.
After the web filter profile has been created, this feature is applied differently in the case of transparent proxy vs.
explicit proxy. For transparent proxy, the web filter profile is added to a security policy. For explicit proxy, the web
filter profile must be added to an explicit proxy profile.
This feature can also be configured using the CLI, where use of the Modifying HTTP Request Headers feature
(see above) is required. In the following example, access to Personal Gmail accounts is blocked while access to
Google Business Mail is allowed.
Syntax
1. The web-proxy profile is configured to with a modified header:
config web-proxy profile
edit "restrict-google-accounts-1"
config headers
edit 1
set name "X-GoogApps-Allowed-Domains"
set content "example.com"
end
end
2. A URL filter is configured to use the web-proxy profile:
config webfilter urlfilter
edit 1
set name "GMAIL_TEST"
config entries
edit 1
set url "*.google.com"
set type wildcard
set action allow
set web-proxy-profile "restrict-google-accounts-1"
end
end
3. A webfilter profile is configured that uses the URL filter:
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Security Profiles
config webfilter profile
edit "GMAIL_TEST"
......
config web
set urlfilter-table 1
end
config ftgd-wf
......
end
end
4. Transparent proxy - the webfilter profile is applied to a security policy:
config firewall policy
edit 1
set srcintf "LAN"
set dstintf "WAN"
set srcaddr "all"
set dstaddr "all"
set action accept
set schedule "always"
set service "ALL"
set utm-status enable
set webfilter-profile "GMAIL_TEST"
set profile-protocol-options "default"
set ssl-ssh-profile "deep-inspection"
set nat enable
end
end
5. Explicit proxy - the web-proxy policy and the web filer profile are applied to an explicit proxy policy:
config firewall explicit-proxy-policy
edit 1
set proxy web
set dstintf "WAN"
set srcaddr "all"
set dstaddr "all"
set service "webproxy"
set action accept
set schedule "always"
set webproxy-profile "restrict-google-accounts-1"
set utm-status enable
set webfilter-profile "GMAIL_TEST"
set profile-protocol-options "default"
set ssl-ssh-profile "deep-inspection"
end
end
Referer Added to URL Filtering
You can now add a referer to URL filters. If a referer is specified, the host name in the referer field of the HTTP
require will be compared for any entry that contains the matching URL. If the referer matches, then the specified
action will be performed by proxy.
The referer can also be set in the web-based manager, but only if advanced web filter features has been enabled
using the following command:
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Security Profiles
config system global
set gui-webfilter-advanced enable
end
After this command is used, a new column will be created in Security Profiles > Web Filter > Static URL
Filter to set the referer.
The command set referrer-host has been added to the CLI. The CLI has also changed so that URL
filters are now identified by their IDs, and the URL values can be set under each entry.
Syntax
config webfilter urlfilter
edit <ID>
config entries
edit 1
set url <url>
set referrer-host <url>
set type {simple | regex | wildcard}
set action {block | allow | monitor | exempt}
set status {enable | disable}
end
end
FortiGuard Rating Checks for Images, JavaScript, CSS, and CRL
Web filter profiles that use FortiGuard rating checks can now be configured to rate images, JavaScript, CSS, and
CRL.
Syntax
config webfilter profile
edit <name>
config ftgd-wf
set rate-javascript-urls enable
set rate-css-urls enable
set rate-crl-urls enable
set rate-image-urls enable
end
end
Additional Replacement Message Variables
Along with the variables for source IP (%%SOURCE_IP%%), destination IP (%%DEST_IP%%), and user name
(%%USERNAME%%) that have been added for all replacement messages, the following variables can now be
added to replacement messages for web filtering:
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Group name (%%GROUPNAME%%)
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Policy UUID (%%POLICY_UUID%%)
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FortiGate Hostname (%%FGT_HOSTNAME%%)
New Daemon for Overrides and Warnings
The new daemon ovrd is used in FortiOS 5.2 to handle user-level webfilter overrides and warnings.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Security Profiles
Application Control
There have been several changes made to application control.
Deep Inspection for Cloud Applications
Deep inspection allows the following information to be examined and logged for cloud applications:
Information about user logins and file transfers for cloud applications.
Video names will be shown in the Application Details column for video streaming applications such as Youtube
and Vimeo.
The following new fields have been added to both the application control log and to traffic logs: cloud user, cloud
action, file name, and file size.
To enable this feature, turn on Deep Inspection of Cloud Applications in an application control profile. It can
also be enabled using the CLI.
Syntax
config application list
edit <name>
set deep-app-inspection enable
end
end
Using the CLI, you can specify a global timeout for the deep application control database. Any database entries
that exceed the timeout will be deleted. A global size threshold on the number of entries in the deep application
control database can also be set.
When the total number of entries exceeds this threshold, the internal timeout value will be reduced to accelerate
entry retiring. Both values are set to 0 (unlimited) by default.
Syntax
config ips global
set deep-app-insp-timeout <integer>
set deep-app-insp-db-limit <integer>
end
A new option, --deep_ctrl, has also been added to the syntax for IPS/application control signatures.
Several new CLI commands have also been added for diagnose and debugging:
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diagnose ips dac info
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diagnose ips dac clear
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diagnose ips debug enable dac
Traffic Shaping Settings
Traffic shaping settings can be applied to categories of applications that are part of the application control sensor.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Security Profiles
To apply settings, select a category and set it to Traffic Shaping. The Traffic Shaping Settings options will
appear, allowing you to select the settings for forward and reverse traffic shaping. These settings will be applied
to all categories set to Traffic Shaping in your application control sensor.
5-Point-Risk Rating
A new rating system will be used for all pages related to application control, including the application list, the
application filters list, traffic logs, the FortiView Applications dashboard, and the FortiView All Sessions
dashboard. Risk levels are indicated in the various tables and logs by using a series of icons.
The rating system is as follows:
Icon
Risk
Level
Description
Example
Applications that are used to conceal activity to
evade detection
Tor, SpyBoss
High
Applications that can cause data leakage, or prone
to vulnerabilities or downloading malware
Remote Desktop, File Sharing, P2P
Medium
Applications that can be misused
VoiP, Instant Messaging, File
Storage, WebEx, Gmail
Elevated
Applications are used for personal communications
or can lower productivity
Critical
Low
Business Related Applications or other harmless
applications
Gaming, Facebook, Youtube
Windows Updates
Replacement Message
A replacement message has been added that will appear when an application has been blocked.
This replacement message can be enabled in the CLI.
Syntax
config application list
edit <name>
set app-replacemsg {enable | disable}
end
end
Support for SPDY Protocol
The SPDY protocol, and its required SSL/TLS component, is now recognized within application control profiles. It
is counted as part of application traffic for Google and other sources that use the protocol.
Support for Non-HTTP WAN Optimization and Explicit Proxy Traffic
Application control is now supported for both non-HTTP WAN optimization traffic and explicit proxy traffic.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Security Profiles
Flow-based Antivirus
In FortiOS 5.2, flow-based AntiVirus has been improved to have the same enhanced performance as flow-based
antivirus scanning in FortiOS 5.0 while providing the same accuracy and many of the extended features of proxybased antivirus.
Flow-based AntiVirus now allows data to accumulate until it detect the end of a file. When the end is reached,
traffic is paused and data is sent asynchronously for analysis. When the results are received, the traffic is either
allowed to resume or the connection is reset.
Because of this change, the default AntiVirus profile on a FortiGate uses flow-based inspection. Flow-based
inspection can also utilize the extended AntiVirus database. Detecting and reporting only occurs when AntiVirus is
enabled in the security policy.
Flow-based AntiVirus is also supported for sniffer policies.
Intrusion Protection System (IPS)
There have been several changes made to intrusion protection system (IPS).
Adjusting Rate Based Signatures
Setting for rate based IPS signatures can now be edited in the web-based manager as part of an IPS sensor. In
each sensor, you can enable a selected list of rate based signatures and adjust threshold, duration, track by
setting, action, and block duration.
Rate Based Signatures list
Extensible Meta Data
Extensible meta data allow you to specify custom options in IPS signatures that are delivered to your FortiGate
without interpretation, in order to make signatures easier to find and understand for the FortiGate administrator.
Four types of meta data options are supported: integers, bitmaps, enumerables, and strings.
Example
In this example, a set of meta data is declared and then used to create IPS signatures.
The meta data is declared:
F-META2( --name points; --index 12; --type integer; )
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Security Profiles
F-META2( --name flags; --index 34; --type bitmap; --value foo:1; --value bar:2; --value
baz:4; )
F-META2( --name dr_seuss; --index 56; --type enum; --value "One Fish":1; --value "Two
Fish":2; --value "Red Fish":3; --value "Blue Fish":4; )
F-META2( --name secret; --index 78; --type string; )
The meta data is used:
F-SBID( --points 42; ... )
F-SBID( --flags foo; --flags baz; ... )
F-SBID( --dr_seuss "One Fish"; ... )
F-SBID( --secret "Abracadabra"; ... )
Extended Database
In FortiOS 5.2, the IPS extended database is enabled by default for all FortiGate models that have multiple CP8.
Support for Non-HTTP WAN Optimization and Explicit Proxy Traffic
IPS is now supported for both non-HTTP WAN optimization traffic and explicit proxy traffic.
Vulnerability Scanning Visibility
The options to configure vulnerability scanning either in the web-based manager or the CLI are also only available
in NAT/Route mode.
Vulnerability scanning options in the web-based manager are now hidden by default. To enable vulnerability
scanning, go to System > Config > Features, select Show More, turn on Vulnerability Scan, and select
Apply.
Vulnerability scanning is also hidden by default for FortiClient profiles until being enabled in the CLI. To enable
scanning, enter the following commands:
config endpoint-control profile
edit <profile-name>
config forticlient-winmac-settings
set forticlient-vuln-scan {enable | disable}
set forticlient-vuln-scan-schedule {daily | weekly | monthly}
set forticlient-vuln-scan-on-registration {enable | disable}
set forticlient-ui-options {av | wf | af | vpn | vs}
end
end
Removed IM Proxy Options from the CLI
The proxy options related to instant messaging (IM) functions and attributes have been removed from the CLI in
FortiOS 5.2. This includes the following commands:
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Security Profiles
l
config imp2p
l
get imp2p
l
The DLP sensor options for AIM, ICQ, MSN, and Yahoo protocols.
l
The AntiVirus profile option config im.
l
The AntiVirus quarantine options for IM.
l
The Application Control profile options for IM.
l
The firewall profile protocol options for IM.
Client Reputation
The 5.0 feature client reputation has been renamed Threat Weight in FortiOS 5.2 and has been moved from
Security Profiles to Log & Report > Log Config > Threat Weight. It can now be configured in the CLI using
the command config log threat-weight.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
IPsec VPN
New IPsec VPN features include:
l
VPN Creation Wizard
l
Internet Key Exchange (IKE)
l
Dynamic IPsec Route Control
l
Default Lifetimes and Proposal Values
l
Prioritizing DH Group Configuration
l
IPv6 Support for IPsec Phase 2
l
IPsec VPN Support with the FortiController-5103B
VPN Creation Wizard
Several improvements have been made to the VPN Creation Wizard.
New Menu
The Wizard can now be found by going to VPN > IPsec > Wizard.
Expanded VPN Options
The number of VPN options available in the Wizard has increased to allows you to easily create VPN tunnels for a
greater variety of scenarios.
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IPsec VPN
Expanded VPN Options for the VPN Creation Wizard
For more information about using the VPN Wizard, see The FortiGate Cookbook recipe IPsec VPN for iOS
devices.
Tunnel Templates
Several tunnel templates have been added to the Wizard that cover a variety of different types of IPsec VPNs. A
list of these templates appears on the first page of the Wizard, which is found by going to VPN > IPsec >
Tunnels.
To view more information about a template, highlight the template and select View.
Tunnel Templates list
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
IPsec VPN
Internet Key Exchange (IKE)
There have been several changes in FortiOS 5.2 made concerning Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol.
Multiple Interfaces
An IPsec policy can now contain multiple source and destination interfaces. This feature is supported for
combinations of IPsec interfaces, physical interfaces, and zones (including those with a combination of physical
and IPsec interfaces).
It is not supported for SSL VPN interfaces.
Mode-Configuration
When IKE Mode-Configuration is enabled, multiple server IPs can be defined in IPsec Phase 1. This mode also
allows IP information to be sent the client if attribute 28681 is requested.
Mode-Configuration is configured through the CLI. An example of a complete configuration is shown below:
config vpn ipsec phase1-interface
edit "vpn-p1"
set type dynamic
set interface "wan1"
set xauthtype auto
set mode aggressive
set mode-cfg enable
set proposal 3des-sha1 aes128-sha1
set dpd disable
set dhgrp 2
set xauthexpire on-rekey
set authusrgrp "FG-Group1"
set ipv4-start-ip 10.10.10.10
set ipv4-end-ip 10.10.10.20
set ipv4-dns-server1 1.1.1.1
set ipv4-dns-server2 2.2.2.2
set ipv4-dns-server3 3.3.3.3
set ipv4-wins-server1 4.4.4.4
set ipv4-wins-server2 5.5.5.5
set domain "fgt1c-domain"
set banner "fgt111C-banner"
set backup-gateway "100.100.100.1" "100.100.100.2" "host1.com" "host2"
end
end
Certificates Groups
IKE certificate groups consisting of up to four RSA certificates can now be used in IKE phase 1. Since CA and
local certificates are global, the IKE daemon loads them once for all VDOMss and indexes them into trees based
on subject and public key hash (for CA certificates), or certificate name (for local certificates). Certificates are
linked together based on the issuer, and certificate chains are built by traversing these links. This reduces the
need to keep multiple copies of certificates that could exist in multiple chains.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
IPsec VPN
IKE certificate groups can be configured through the CLI.
Configuring the IKE local ID
config vpn certificate local
edit <name>
set ike-localid <string>
set ike-localid-type {asn1dn | fqdn}
end
end
Adding certificates to the group
config vpn ipsec {phase1 | phase1-interface}
edit <name>
set rsa-certificate <name>
end
end
Authentication Methods
Three new authentication methods have been implemented for IKE: ECDSA-256, ECDSA-384, ECDSA-521.
In order to support these three methods, the following changes have been made to the CLI:
1. rsa-signature has been renamed to signature for both policy-based and interface-based IPsec VPN.
2. rsa-certificate has been renamed to certificate for both policy-based and interface-based IPsec
VPN.
Inheriting Groups from the Security Policy
IPsec VPNs can now be configured to authenticate users again the group(s) specified in a policy that refers to the
VPN's phase 1. To use this feature, do the following:
1. Go to VPN > IPsec > Tunnels and edit a tunnel.
2. Set XAUTH Type to Auto Server.
3. Set User Group to Inherit Groups from Policy.
This feature can be used for both interface-based and policy-based IPsec VPN phase 1s.
Syntax
config vpn ipsec {phase1 | phase1-interface}
edit <name>
set xauthtype auto
end
end
Assigning Client IP Addresses Using the DHCP Proxy
IKE can now use the system DHCP proxy to assign client IP addresses.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
IPsec VPN
To use this feature, the DHCP proxy must be enabled and a IP set. Up to 8 addresses can be selected for either
IPv4 or IPv6. After the DHCP proxy has been configured, the assign-up-from command is used to select
assign IP address via DHCP.
Syntax
1. Enabling the DHCP proxy and setting an IP range.
config
set
set
set
end
system settings
dhcp-proxy enable
dhcp-server-ip <IP_address>
dhcp6-server-ip <IP_address>
2. Setting the IPsec phase one to assign IP addresses using the DHCP proxy.
config vpn ipsec phase1
edit <id>
set assign-ip-from dhcp
end
end
IP assignment can also come from a locally defined range or via the user group.
Transform Matching
FortiOS 5.2 supports combining multiple encryption, authentication, PRF, and DH transforms in a single IKEv2
proposal, which is used for selecting a transform set when the FortiGate unit is the responder. Each proposal now
holds lists of transforms, instead of having just a single value per transform type. When negotiating, the proposal
iterates over the transform lists to find a match.
Cookie Notification
Upon detecting that the number of half-open IKEv2 SAs is above the threshold value, the VPN dialup server will
require all future SA_INIT requests to include a valid cookie notification payload that the server sends back, in
order to preserve CPU and memory resources.
Assign Client IP Addresses Using DHCP Proxy
IKE can now use the system DHCP proxy to assign client IP addresses. To use this feature, the DHCP proxy must
be enabled and a IP range selected. Up to 8 addresses can be selected for either IPv4 or IPv6. After the DHCP
proxy has been configured, the assign-up-from command is used to select assign IP address via DHCP.
Syntax
system
set
set
set
end
settings
dhcp-proxy enable
dhcp-server-ip <range>
dhcp6-server-ip <range>
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
IPsec VPN
config vpn ipsec phase1
set assign-ip-from dhcp
end
IP assignment can also come from a locally defined range or via the user group.
IKEv1 Mesh Selectors
IKEv1 mesh selectors are used with IKEv1 static configurations with the phase2 using address group name
selectors. When the mesh selector type is set to either host or subnet, and a phase2 is configured with multiple
source and destination addresses, this configuration acts as the template selector.
When traffic hits the tunnel in host mode, a dynamic selector is installed for the specific source and destination IP
addresses of that packet. When traffic hits the tunnel in subnet mode, a dynamic selector is installed for the
specific address of the address group that matched the packet.
These dynamic selectors are not saved to the configuration and will be removed when tunnels are flushed.
Syntax
config vpn ipsec phase1-interface
edit <name>
set mesh-selector-type {disable | subnet | host}
end
end
Message ID Sync for High Availability
IKE Message ID Sync is supported in FortiOS 5.2. Message ID Sync allows IKEv2 to re-negotiate send and
receive message ID counters after a high availability fail over. By doing this, the established IKE SA can remain
up, instead of re-initializing.
A diagnose command has also been added to show statistics for the number of HA messages sent/received for
IKE: diagnose vpn ike ha stats.
Dynamic IPsec Route Control
Greater control has been added in FortiOS 5.2 concerning adding routes for IPsec VPN.
add-route
The add-route option is now available for all dynamic IPsec phase 1s and phase 2s, for both policy-based and
route-base IPsec VPNs. This allows you to control the addition of a route to a peer destination selector.
This option was previously only available when mode-cfg was enabled in phase 1. Also, in phase 2, a new
option has been added allowing add-route to automatically match the settings in phase 1.
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IPsec VPN
This feature is enabled by default.
Syntax
1. Configuring phase 1:
config vpn ipsec {phase1 | phase1-interface}
edit <name>
set type dynamic
set add-route {enable | disable}
end
2. Configuring phase 2:
config vpn ipsec {phase2 | phase2-interface}
edit <name>
set add-route {phase1 | enable | disable}
end
Blocking IPsec SA Negotiation
For interface-based IPsec, IPsec SA negotiation blocking can only be removed if the peer offers a wildcard
selector. If a wildcard selector is offered then the wildcard route will be added to the routing information base with
the distance/priority value configured in the phase1 and, if that is the route with the lowest distance, it will be
installed into the forwarding information base.
In a case where this occurs, it is important to ensure that the distance value on the phase1 is set appropriately.
Default Lifetimes and Proposal Values
The default lifetimes for IKE and IPsec have been lengthened in FortiOS 5.2. The number of proposals has also
increased and new default proposals have been created for Phase 1 and Phase 2. The changes are as follows:
l
The default Phase1 lifetime is 86400 seconds (1 day).
l
The default Phase2 lifetime is 43200 seconds (12 hours).
l
l
The default Phase1 proposals are: aes128-sha256, aes256-sha256, 3des-sha256, aes128-sha1, aes256-sha1, and
3des-sha1.
The default Phase2 proposals are: aes128-sha1, aes256-sha1, 3des-sha1, aes128-sha256, aes256-sha256, and
3des-sha256.
l
The maximum number of proposals has been increased from 3 to 10.
l
The default Diffie-Hellman (DH) group for phase1 and phase2 has changed from 5 to 14.
Prioritizing DH Group Configuration
In FOS 5.2, the default Diffie-Hellman DH group has changed from 5 to 14, to provide sufficient protection for
stronger cipher suites that include AES and SHA2. Because of this change, both IKEv1 and IKEv2 now allow up to
3 DH groups to be configured in the phase 1 and phase 2 settings, while preserving the ordering since the initiator
always begins by using the first group in the list. The default DH group in the configuration has been updated to
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
IPsec VPN
include group 14 and 5, in that order. You can add and remove other groups and the order they appear in the
configuration is the order in which they are negotiated.
The IKEv1 protocol does not natively provide for DH group negotiation in Aggressive Mode and Quick Mode. As a
result, when multiple DH groups are used with IKEv1 Aggressive Mode or Quick Mode, delays in tunnel
establishment can occur and so it is recommended to continue to configure matching DH groups on both peers
whenever possible.
During negotiation with multiple DH groups, the new operation is as follows:
1. IKEv1 Aggressive Mode Initiator: Since Aggressive Mode includes the KE payload in the first message,
FortiOS must select a group to use to generate the DH public number. FortiOS starts with the first group in the list.
If the negotiation fails due to timeout, it will try the second group, and finally the third. If the third also fails,
FortiOS goes back to the first DH group again, and starts over. Once it finds the correct group and the tunnel is
established, it will continue to use that group for re-keying as long as the VPN connection remains up.
2. IKEv1 Aggressive Mode Responder: If the group proposed by the initiator doesn't match the group proposed
by the responder, the negotiation fails due to no proposal chosen. Since authentication has not been established
the responder cannot send a notify message to the initiator. The initiator will try the next DH group in its
configuration when the negotiation time out occurs, which takes 30 seconds by default. At that point, if the next
DH group is a successful match, the tunnel comes up.
3. IKEv1 Main Mode Initiator: In Main Mode, the SA and KE payloads come in different messages. The SA
parameters, including DH group, are negotiated first in MM1 and MM2, then the KE payloads are exchanged in
the MM3 and MM4 messages. So no change was made for Main Mode.
4. IKEv1 Main Mode Responder: As above, no change for Main Mode.
5. IKEv1 Quick Mode Initiator: Quick Mode has the same problem as Aggressive Mode, in that the SA proposal
and KE payloads arrive in the same message. So unlike Main Mode, the initiator does not know the negotiated
DH group prior to constructing its KE payload. Like with AM, it will start with the first group in the configured DH
group list. If the negotiation times out, or if we receive a No-Proposal-Chosen notify message from the
responder, we will switch to the next group in the list and try again.
6. IKEv1 Quick Mode Responder: Similar to Aggressive Mode, if the initiator's first group doesn't match, the Quick
Mode will fail with a no proposal chosen error. In Quick Mode, you have the benefit of an authenticated IKE SA
by which you can immediately notify the peer of the error. Sending the No-Proposal-Chosen notify to the
initiator allows the initiator to try the next group immediately without waiting for a timeout.
7. IKEv2 SA_INIT/CHILD_SA Initiator: Like Aggressive Mode, in IKEv2 both the SA_INIT and CHILD_SA
exchanges have the SA proposal and KE payload in the same message. However, unlike IKEv1, the IKEv2 RFC
specifies a mechanism to handle this. In IKEv2, if the negotiated DH group does not match the group specified in
the KE payload, the INVALID_KE notify message is sent and the initiator retries the exchange using the DH group
specified in the notify message. Initiator side support for handling the INVALID_KE message has been added.
This code wasn't needed previously, as the IKEv2 CLI allowed only one DH group to be configured. Now that the
CLI restriction has been removed and multiple DH groups can be configured for IKEv2 in the phase1 and phase2
settings, the initiator will handle receipt of INVALID_KE messages as per the IKEv2 RFC. As long as the VPN
connection remains up, the initiator will subsequently re-key using the negotiated group.
8. IKEv2 SA_INIT/CHILD_SA Responder: The responder side of our IKEv2 code already supports handling of
the INVALID_KE message.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
IPsec VPN
IPv6 Support for IPsec Phase 2
IPv6 support has been added to IPsec phase 2, allowing IPv6 firewall address and address groups to be used for
phase 2 source and destination address types. The management of static selector rules has also been moved
into the IKE daemon, allowing named selectors to be reloaded if any named address or address groups are
changed, without requiring the FortiGate unit to be rebooted before changes are applied.
IPsec VPN Support with the FortiController-5103B
The FortiController-5103B can now learn the routing table as a slave to receive the update from master. When
packets are received, the 5103B blade tests the routing table to determine whether the traffic will be routed to the
IPsec interface, if it does, it will trigger 5103 to forward the traffic to dedicated IPsec blade. This ensures that all
IPsec traffic is sent to the dedicated IPsec blade, even traffic originating from the 5000 system, such as
monitoring systems or internal emails.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
SSL VPN
New SSL VPN features include:
l
SSL VPN Configuration
l
ECDSA Local Certificates
l
Host Security Check Error Replacement Message
SSL VPN Configuration
Several changes have been made to how SSL VPNs are created and configured.
VPN Settings
The SSL VPN settings page, found at VPN > SSL > Settings, has been reorganized to be more intuitive. The
settings are now found in the following sections:
l
l
l
Connection Settings define how users connect and interact with an SSL VPN portal. This section includes Listen
on Interface(s), Idle Logout, and Server Certificate.
Tunnel Mode Client Settings define the settings that clients will receive upon connecting to the VPN. This
section includes Address Range and Allow Endpoint Registration.
Authentication/Portal Mapping allows you to define different portals to different users and groups.
VPN Portal
New options for split tunneling have been added to SSL VPN portals, which are configured by going to VPN >
SSL > Portals, including a routing address and a tunnel mode for IPv6. These options can also be configured in
the CLI, using the command config vpn ssl web portal.
Creating the Firewall Policy
When creating a firewall policy for your SSL VPN, you will select ssl.root as the Incoming Interface. Also, source
devices are not applicable to SSL VPN firewall policies.
For more information about using a virtual WAN link, please see the FortiGate Cookbook recipe SSL VPN for
Remote Users.
ECDSA Local Certificates
The use of ECDSA Local Certificates for SSL VPN Suite B support is now supported. This will allow the following:
1. Importing ECDSA certificate.
2. Generating ECDSA certificate requests.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
SSL VPN
3. Using ECDSA certificate in SSL VPN.
4. Using ECDSA certificate in web-based manager.
ECDSA certificates can be generating using the following command in the CLI: exec vpn certificate
local generate ec.
RSA certificates are now generated using the following command:
exec vpn certificate local generate rsa.
Host Security Check Error Replacement Message
The replacement message that now appears when an SSL VPN host security check fails can now be customized
using the CLI.
Syntax
config
set
set
set
end
system
buffer
header
format
replacemsg sslvpn hostcheck-error
<string>
{none | http | 8bit}
{none | text | html}
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Authentication
New authentication features include:
l
Captive Portal
l
User Authentication via a POP3 Server
l
Limiting Guest User Accounts
l
Nested Group Search in LDAP Authentication
l
Password Length for User Authentication
l
Certificates for Policy Authentication
l
Authentication Blackouts
l
Single Sign-On for Guest Accounts
Captive Portal
There have been several changes made to authentication using a captive portal. Additional captive portal options
have also been added for wireless networks. For more information, see Captive Portal for WiFi on page 112.
External Captive Portals
An external captive portal can be used to configure each FortiGate interface as an independent, external web
URL. To configure an interface, go to System > Network > Interfaces and edit the desired interface. Select
Captive Portal as the Security Mode, then set Authentication Portal to External and configure the other
settings as required.
Once a client has been authenticated by the portal, by default they will be sent to original URL that was
requested. The portal can also be configured to send the client to a hard coded URL that contains a replacement
message.
Syntax
In the following example, the LAN interface is configured with external captive portal that has a specified URL
(http://10.6.2.218/?Auth=Success) to redirect clients to after successful authentication.
config system interface
edit "lan"
set security-mode captive-portal
set security-external-web "http://10.6.2.218/portal"
set security-redirect-url "http://10.6.2.218/?Auth=Success"
set security-groups "rug1"
end
Using Groups from the Security Policy
Portal interfaces can now be configured to use the user groups set in the security policies. This will happen by
default if no user group is configured on the interface.
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Authentication
Exempting a Policy
Security policies can now be exempt from captive portals, using the command captive-portal-exempt
enable.
Replacement Messages
The captive portal-specific replacement messages have been removed. Authentication replacement messages
will be used for portals.
User Authentication via a POP3 Server
A POP3 server can now be used to verify user credentials when they authenticate through a web portal or any
supported authentication method.
The following maximum values are associated with POP3 authentication:
l
A maximum of 10 pop3/pop3s servers can be defined per box
l
A single user group can have up to a pool of 6 POP3 servers assigned
POP3 authentication can be configured using the CLI:
Configuring a POP3 user
config user pop3
edit name
set server "pop3.fortinet.com"
set secure {starttls | pop3s | none}
set port 110
end
Configuring a POP3 user group
config user group
edit pop3_grp1
set member "pop3_server1" "pop3_server2"
end
Limiting Guest User Accounts
A new option to has been added to the guest user group where the administrator can restrict the maximum
number of guest accounts that can be created. After the limit is reached, the portal administrator will need to
remove some expired accounts. The number of accounts can be set from 1-1024 or left as unlimited (0 in the
CLI), which is the default setting.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Authentication
In the web-based manager, the lower limit is restricted if there are existing group members. In order to set a lower number, guest accounts must be removed prior to the limit
being set.
Syntax
config user group
edit guest-group
set group-type guest
set max-accounts [0-1024]
end
Nested Group Search in LDAP Authentication
Nested group search is a new feature added to Windows AD server when the LDAP server’s settings have
group-member-check set to user-attr. After authentication succeeds, fnbamd gets groups from user
attributes and repeats LDAP queries on the groups until reaches the top layer.
Syntax
config user ldap
set search-type nested
end
Password Length for User Authentication
In FortiOS 5.2, the length for all passwords connected to user authentication features has been changed to
support a maximum of 128 characters.
Certificates for Policy Authentication
The CA certificate used for policy authentication can now be configured, instead of being restricted to the built-in
Fortinet certificate. By doing this, the authenticated user can be presented with a certificate that is already trusted
by their browser and certificate errors can be avoided.
Syntax
config user setting
set auth-ca-cert <name>
end
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Authentication
Authentication Blackouts
If five failed logins are made from an IP within one minute, the IP is put on a blackout list. Future logins from this
IP are rejected as long as the IP is on this list. The IP remains on the blackout list for auth-blackout-time seconds.
The amount of time an IP is blacklisted can be configured through the CLI:
Syntax
config user setting
set auth-blackout-time 300
end
This feature only applies to IP-based authentication schemes.
Single Sign-On for Guest Accounts
The default FSSO_Guest_Users group has changed to SSO_Guest_Users. This group supports guests using
both Fortinet Single Sign-On (FSSO) and RADIUS Single Sign-On (RSSO). Users can also now be added to this
group SSO_Guest_group using the CLI.
Syntax
config user group
edit SSO_Guest_group
set member <names>
end
end
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Managing Devices
New device management features include:
l
On-Net Status for FortiClient Devices
l
Endpoint Licenses
l
URL Filter Lists in Endpoint Control
l
FortiGuard Categories Consistency with FortiClient
l
Default Device Groups
l
Device Detection for Traffic Not Flowing Through the FortiGate
On-Net Status for FortiClient Devices
The Online column of the FortiClient Monitor has been changed to Status. This column will show the current
status of the device, and whether or not it is registered.
Two of the possible status options are on-net or off-net. In order to record this information, the DHCP server must
be enabled for FortiClient On-Net Status. In order to determine if a FortiClient device is on or off net, a DHCP
cookie is sent to FortiClient that contains the FortiGate's serial number. FortiClient will then compare that serial
number to the number for the FortiGate it is registered with. If they match, the FortiClient will be considered onnet.
In configurations using high availability, the cookie contains the serial number of all cluster members.
This status has also led to the following options have been added to FortiClient profiles:
l
l
l
Client Web Filtering when On-Net: when enabled, web filtering is applied to FortiClient traffic even when it is
protected by a FortiGate unit.
Auto-connect when Off-Net: This option allows the FortiClient to autoconnect to a VPN even when it has an off-net
status.
Client-based Logging when On-Net: when enabled, the FortiClient will continue to log even when its traffic is
flowing through a FortiGate unit.
Endpoint Licenses
New Endpoint licenses are now available in FortiOS 5.2. Information about the status of the current license can
be found in the FortiClient section of the License Information widget.
The following licenses will be available:
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Desktop models and FortiGate-VM00: 200 clients
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1U models, FortiGate-VM01 and FortiGate-VM02: 2,000 clients
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2U models and FortiGate-VM04: 8,000 clients
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3U models, FortiGate-ATCA, and FortiGate-VM08: 20,000 clients
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Managing Devices
Because the new licenses are for one year, the activation method has changed. New licenses are purchased
similarly to a FortiGuard service, with no further registration of the license required. The device can then be
registered with the FortiGate unit.
If the device does not have access to Internet, you can download the license key from support site and manually
upload it to your FortiGate. The license will be for that specific device and will have an license expiry date.
While the older licenses from FortiOS 5.0 will still be supported, they will have the following limitations:
l
The On-Net Status feature will not be supported.
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Logging options will only appear in the CLI.
l
FortiAnalyzer Support for logging and reporting will be limited.
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You will not be able to enter any v5.0 license keys.
URL Filter Lists in Endpoint Control
URL filters can now be sent to devices running FortiClient that connect to the FortiGate unit. All URL filter types
(Simple/Regex/Wildcard) and actions (Allow/Block/Exempt/Monitor) can be deployed to FortiClient
Upon receiving the URL filter list, FortiClient will save and display the received URL filter list in the web-based
manager.
If the URL list is later changed or removed from the FortiGate unit, these changes will also appear in FortiClient.
FortiGuard Categories Consistency with FortiClient
If FortiGuard categories are disabled on a FortiGate unit, they will now also be disabled in FortiClient for
managed devices, even if FortiGuard categories were used previously.
Default Device Groups
The predefined device groups have been changed to the following:
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Windows PC (includes Windows servers and computers but not tablets or phones)
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Mac
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Linux
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Printer
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Mobile devices (includes tablets and phones from all vendors)
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VoIP phones
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Router/firewall/gateway devices (does not include switch devices)
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Other (for unknown devices)
To improve accuracy, device types are now identified using UIDs instead of MAC addresses.
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Device Detection for Traffic Not Flowing Through the FortiGate
In FortiOS 5.2, any traffic hitting a FortiGate interface, regardless of whether it is going to be dropped, forwarded
or processed locally, will be used by device detection, allowing devices to be detected even if their traffic does not
flow through the FortiGate unit. This includes traffic that hits an interface with IPS sniffer mode enabled, as well
as broadcast and multicast traffic.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Wireless Networking
New wireless networking features include:
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FortiAP Management
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Captive Portal for WiFi
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New Wireless Health Charts
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RADIUS Accounting
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802.11ac and DARRP Support
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Date Channel DTLS in Kernel
FortiAP Management
How FortiAP units are managed by a FortiGate unit has changed in several ways.
Manually Selecting AP Profiles
AP profiles are no longer assigned automatically. Instead, a default or custom profile must be chosen when the
connection to the FortiAP unit is configured.
The Background Scan option has also been replaced by Spectrum Analysis (for more information, see New
Wireless Health Charts) and either 20MHz or 40MHz must be selected for Radio 1’s channel width.
You can choose to override some options set in the profile for a particular FortiAP unit. To do this, go to WiFi
Controller > Managed Access Points > Managed FortiAPs and, under Wireless Settings, select
Override Settings. This allows you to change WiFi radio settings, including SSIDs, TX power, and rogue AP
scanning. This can also be configured in the CLI:
Syntax
config wireless-controller wtp
edit <name>
set override-profile enable
end
end
AP Scanning
AP scanning, including rogue AP detection, is now part of WIDS Profiles. It can be found by going to WiFi
Controller > WiFi Network > WIDS Profiles. It can also be configured through the CLI:
Syntax
config wireless-controller wids-profile
edit 0
set ap-scan {enable | disable}
set ap-bgscan-period <interval>
set ap-bgscan-intv <interval>
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Wireless Networking
set
set
set
set
set
set
end
end
ap-bgscan-duration <interval>
ap-bgscan-idle <interval>
ap-bgscan-rpot-intv <interval>
ap-bgscan-disable-day <day>
ap-fgscan-repot-intv <interval>
rogue-scan {enable | disable}
Radio Settings Summary
The Radio Settings Summary table can be found by going to WiFi Controller > Managed Access Points >
Managed FortiAPs and editing a FortiAP unit. The table shows information on the FortiAP unit's Radio 1 and 2
(if applicable), including settings, channels, and SSIDs.
CLI Console Access
The CLI console on a FortiGate unit can now be used to connect directly to a managed FortiAP unit that has been
configured to enable login-enable. To access the FortiAP, use the command execute telnet <ip>, using
the IP address of the FortiAP.
Telnet must be used, as FortiAPs do not support SSH/HTTPS admin access.
The console can also now be accessed by going to WiFi Controller > Managed Access Points > Managed
APs and selecting the option Connect to CLI. The console will appear in a pop-up window.
If login-enable is set to default or disable on the FortiAP unit, or the FortiAP is offline, this option
will not appear.
Split Tunneling for Wireless Traffic
Split tunneling can now be used for wireless traffic, allowing you to optimize WiFi traffic flow by directing only
corporate traffic back to the FortiGate unit's wireless controller, while local application traffic remains local. With
split tunneling, a remote user associates with a single SSID, can get access to corporate resources (for example,
a mail server) and local resources (for example, a local printer).
Split tunneling should be only used for SSIDs in tunnel mode.
Syntax
1. Enabling split tunnelling for an SSID.
config wireless-controller vap
edit <name>
set split-tunneling enable
end
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Wireless Networking
end
2. Setting the IP lists for split tunneling
config w-c {wtp-profile | wtp}
set split-tunneling-acl-local-ap-subnet enable
config split-tunneling-acl
edit <ID>
set id <ID>
set dest-ip <IP_address>
end
end
Captive Portal for WiFi
Several changes have been made for captive portal security on wireless networks. Wireless captive portals can
also use the new features for all captive portals described in "Authentication" on page 103.
New Configuration Options
The following options can now be configured for captive portals that use wireless interfaces:
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l
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Security exempt list names can be added to a captive portal. This option is only available when user groups are
selected as part of the SSID configuration, rather than being a match for groups in the security policy.
URL redirection is available after the disclaimer/authentication screen.
Four types of portals are available: authentication, authentication with disclaimer, disclaimer only, or email
collection. When the mode is email collection or disclaimer only, the options for setting user groups or having an
external captive portal are not available.
Syntax
config wireless-controller vap
edit <name>
set security captive-portal
set portal type {auth | auth+disclaimer | disclaimer | email-collect}
set security-exempt-list <name of list>
end
end
WPA Personal Security + Captive Portal
A new option has also been added that uses WPA Personal security as well as a captive portal. This option also
allows groups to be imported from the policy.
New Wireless Health Charts
Two new charts have been added to the Wireless Health Monitor showing spectrum analysis information on the
sources of wireless interference.
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Wireless Networking
In order for these widgets to appear, spectrum analysis must first be enabled. This is done by editing the AP
profile used by your FortiAP units and selecting Spectrum Analysis for all applicable radios.
Spectrum analysis can also be enabled in the CLI.
Syntax
config wireless-controller wtp-profile
edit <name>
config <radio>
set spectrum-analysis enable
end
end
end
After spectrum analysis has been enabled, view the Top Wireless Interference widget found in the Wireless
Health Monitor. A chart icon will appear in the Channel column. Selecting this icon will open the new WiFi
charts: Spectrum Analysis and Top Wireless Interference.
The Spectrum Analysis chart shows WiFi signal interference as detected by a particular FortiAP.
The Top Wireless Interference chart shows SSIDs that are interfering with a particular FortiAP unit.
RADIUS Accounting
RADIUS accounting is now supported for wireless networks, allowing RADIUS accounting messages to be sent
that contain a wireless user's name and IP address.
If an accounting server has been enabled for RADIUS, the wireless client information will be sent to it.
802.11ac and DARRP Support
802.11ac support has been added for FortiOS 5.2, allowing a FortiGate unit to manage FortiAP models 221C and
320C. Distributed Automatic Radio Resource Provisioning (DARRP) is also supported for 802.11ac radio.
Syntax
config wireless-controller wtp-profile
edit {fap221c | fap320c}
config radio-2
set darrp enable
end
end
Date Channel DTLS in Kernel
Data channel Datagram Transport Layer Security (DTLS) can now be enabled in kernel using the CLI.
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Wireless Networking
Syntax
config wireless-controller wtp-prof
edit wtpprof
set dtls-in-kernel enable
end
end
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
IPv6
New IPv6 features include:
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IPv6 Address Ranges
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TCP MSS Values
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RSSO Support
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FortiManager Connections
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Geographical Database
IPv6 Address Ranges
IPv6 address ranges can now be created, using either the web-based manager or the CLI.
Syntax
config firewall address6
edit <name>
set type iprange
set start-ip <address>
set end-ip <address>
end
end
TCP MSS Values
TCP MSS values for both the sender and the receiver can now be set for IPv6 policies using the CLI.
Syntax
config firewall policy6
edit <index_int>
set tcp-mss-sender <value>
set tcp-mss-receiver <value>
end
end
RSSO Support
RADIUS Single Sign-On (RSSO) is supported in IPv6 and can be configured in the CLI. Fallthrough for
unauthenticated
Syntax
config firewall policy6
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
IPv6
edit <id>
set rsso enable
set fall-through-unauthenticated enable
end
end
FortiManager Connections
IPv6 can now be used to connect a FortiGate unit to a FortiManager unit.
Geographical Database
An IPv6 geographical database has been added to properly identify the geographical locations of traffic in reports.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
High Availability
New high availability features include:
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DHCP and PPPOE Support for Active-Passive Mode
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VRRP Support
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Trigger Failover
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Synchronizing a GTP Tunnel over Physical Ports
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IPv6 Management Interface Gateway
DHCP and PPPOE Support for Active-Passive Mode
High Availability is now supported in Active-Passive mode when there are interfaces working in DHCP client or
PPPOE client mode.
VRRP Support
Additional features have been added to support Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP).
VRRP Groups
A VRRP group includes all the relevant VRRP IDs and tracks the VRRP status in order to force the status of all
group members if a VRRP domain is changed from master to backup.
VRRP groups are configured through the CLI. The VRRP group ID can be between 1 and 65535.
Syntax
config system interface
edit <port>
config vrrp
edit <id>
set vrgrp <id>
end
end
A VRRP column has also been added to the interfaces list in the web-based manager that will show the VRRP
ID, group, and status. This list can be found at System > Network > Interfaces.
Using a Second Destination IP (VRDST)
VRRP can now be configured with second destination IP (VRDST) for monitoring. When two IPs are used, VRRP
failure will only be reported if both monitored IPs are down. A second VRDST can be configured using the CLI.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
High Availability
Syntax
config system interface
edit <interface>
config vrrp
edit <id>
set vrdst <ip1> <ip2>
end
end
Trigger Failover
HA failover can now be enabled and disabled using the following CLI commands:
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l
diagnose sys ha set-as-master enable: immediately enables the local FortiGate unit as the HA
master.
diagnose sys ha set-as-master disable: immediately disables this mode. Optionally, a time frame
can be added after disable, which will disable the mode at the appointed time. The time format is yyyy-mm-dd
hh:mm:ss.
Synchronizing a GTP Tunnel over Physical Ports
In order to properly handle GPRS Tunneling Protocol (GTP) synchronization under high stress loads, FortiOS 5.2
will use the interfaces set in set session-sync-dev (part of config system ha) to allow GTP tunnels to
synchronize directly over physical ports when both the HA primary and secondary are up. A new diagnose
command, diagnose firewall gtp hash-stat, has also been added to display GTP hash stat
separately.
IPv6 Management Interface Gateway
IPv6 management interface gateways are now supported in FortiOS 5.2.
Syntax
config system ha
set ha-mgmt-interface-gateway6 <IPv6_address>
end
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
WAN Optimization, Web Cache, and Explicit Proxy
New WAN optimization, web cache, and explicit proxy features include:
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Explicit Proxy Policy Table - for explicit web proxy, explicit FTP proxy and WAN optimization policies
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Distributing Explicit Web Proxy Traffic to Multiple CPU Cores
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Proxy Header Control
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Explicit Web Proxy SOCKS services support for TCP and UDP traffic
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Preventing the explicit web proxy from changing source addresses
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Explicit web proxy firewall address URL patterns
Explicit Proxy Policy Table - for explicit web proxy, explicit FTP proxy and WAN
optimization policies
Explicit proxy polices now have a dedicated table and creation page, found at Policy & Objects > Policy >
Explicit Proxy. The corresponding CLI command is:
config firewall explicit-proxy-policy
You use explict proxy policies to add policies for the IPv4 and IPv6 explicit web proxy and for the explicit FTP
policy. The first step in creating an explicit proxy policy is to select the proxy type (web or FTP). The options
availabl e then depend on the explicit proxy type.
From the CLI you use the explicit web proxy policy to add WAN optimization tunnel policies. In FortiOS 5.0 you
added WAN optimization tunnel policies by setting the source interface to wanopt. In FortiOS 5.2 you create an
explicit web proxy policy from the CLI and set the proxy type to wanopt. For example:
configure
edit 0
set
set
set
set
set
set
set
next
end
firewall explicit-proxy-policy
proxy wanopt
dstintf internal
srcaddr all
dstaddr server-subnet
action accept
schedule always
service ALL
Distributing Explicit Web Proxy Traffic to Multiple CPU Cores
To improve explicit web proxy performance, FortiOS 5.2 distributes explicit web proxy processing to multiple CPU
cores. By default web proxy traffic is handled by half of the CPU cores in a FortiGate unit, so if your FortiGate unit
has 4 CPU cores, by default two will be used for explicit web proxy traffic. You can increase or decrease the
number of CPU cores that are used in the CLI.
config system global
set wad-worker-count <number>
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
WAN Optimization, Web Cache, and Explicit Proxy
end
The value for <number> can be anything between 1 and the total number of CPU cores in your FortiGate unit.
The default value for <number> is half the number of CPU cores in your FortiGate unit.
Proxy Header Control
You can create explicit web proxy profiles that can add, remove and change HTTP headers. The explicit web
proxy profile can be added to a web explicit proxy policy and will be applied to all of the HTTP traffic accepted by
that policy.
You can change the following HTTP headers:
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client-ip
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via header for forwarded requests
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via header for forwarded responses
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x-forwarded-for
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front-end-https
For each of these headers you can set the action to:
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Pass to forward the traffic without changing the header
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Add to add the header
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Remove to remove the header
You can also configure how the explicit web proxy handles custom headers. The proxy can add or remove custom
headers from requests or responses. If you are adding a header you can specify the content to be included in the
added header.
Create web proxy profiles from the CLI:
config web-proxy profile
edit <name>
set header-client-ip {add | pass | remove}
set header-via-request {add | pass | remove}
set header-via-response {add | pass | remove}
set header-x-forwarded-for {add | pass | remove}
set header-front-end-https {add | pass | remove}
config headers
edit <id>
set action {add-to-request | add-to-response | remove-from-request |
remove-from-response}
set content <string>
set name <name>
end
end
Use the following command to add a web proxy profile to an explicit proxy policy:
config firewall explicit-proxy-policy
edit <id>
set webproxy-profile <name>
end
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
WAN Optimization, Web Cache, and Explicit Proxy
Explicit Web Proxy SOCKS services support for TCP and UDP traffic
You can now configure Web Proxy services to allow UDP traffic as well as TCP traffic to be accepted by the
SOCKS proxy. Previously, the web proxy would only accept TCP SOCKS traffic.
Web proxy services can be configured in the CLI.
Syntax
Use the following command to create a custom service for UDP traffic over the SOCKS proxy:
config firewall service custom
edit <name>
set explicit-proxy enable
set category Web\ Proxy
set protocol SOCKS-UDP
set tcp-portrange 8080-8080
end
end
The option to create a custom service for TCP traffic over the SOCKS proxy has also changed. For example, use
the following command to create a custom service for TCP traffic over the SOCKS proxy:
config firewall service custom
edit <name>
set explicit-proxy enable
set category Web\ Proxy
set protocol SOCKS-TCP
set tcp-portrange 80-80
end
end
Preventing the explicit web proxy from changing source addresses
By default in NAT/Route mode the explicit web proxy changes the source address of packets leaving the
FortiGate to the IP address of the FortiGate interface that the packets are exiting from. In Transparent mode the
source address is changed to the management IP.
This configuration hides the IP addresses of clients and allows packets to return to the FortiGate unit interface
without having to route packets from clients. You can use the following command to configure the explicit web
proxy to keep the original client’s source IP address:
config firewall explicit-proxy-policy
edit 0
set proxy web
set transparent enable
end
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
WAN Optimization, Web Cache, and Explicit Proxy
Explicit web proxy firewall address URL patterns
You can add URL pattern addresses and address groups to control the destination URLs that explicit web proxy
users can connect to. To add a URL pattern to go to Policy & Objects > Objects > Addresses, select Create
New and set the Type to URL Pattern (Explicit Proxy). Add a URL or URL pattern that defines the URL or
URLs that explicit proxy users should be limited to. Set the Interface to any.
For example to limit access to a single website:
www.fortinet.com
To limit access to websites from the same domain:
google.com
To limit access to a part of a website:
www.apple.com/ipad/
To add a URL pattern group, create several URL pattern addresses then go to Policy & Objects > Objects >
Addresses, select Create New > Group and add URL patterns to the address group.
Then when creating explicit web proxy policies, select the URL pattern addresses or groups as the destination
address.
URL patterns and HTTPS scanning
For HTTPS traffic, URL patterns can only be matched up to the root path. For example, consider the following
URL pattern:
www.apple.com/ipad/
If a proxy user browses using HTTP, this URL pattern limits their access the iPad pages of www.apple.com.
However, if a proxy user browses using HTTPS, they will be able to access all pages on www.apple.com.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Advanced Routing
New advanced routing features include:
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BGP Neighbor Groups
l
OSPF Fast Hello
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BGP Conditional Advertising
l
Source and Destination IP-based Mode for ECMP
l
Policy Routes
BGP Neighbor Groups
A Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) neighbor group can now be configured automatically based on a range of
neighbors' source addresses, rather than configuring neighbors individually. A maximum number of neighbors can
be set for each group to be between 1 and 1000.
Syntax
config router bgp
config neighbor-group
edit <name>
set ... (same configuration options as config neighbor)
next
config neighbor-range
edit <id>
set prefix <class_ip&net_netmask>
set max-neighbor-num <integer>
set neighbor-group <name>
end
end
OSPF Fast Hello
Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) fast hello provides a way to send a set number of hello packets per second and
use a dead interval of four hellos. Fast hello can be configured on an OSPF interface through the CLI. If deadinterval is set to 1 second, fast hello will be enabled. The hello-multiplier value, which can be
between 4 and 10, sets the number of hello packets that will be sent per second.
Syntax
config ospf-interface
edit ospf1
set interface port1
set network-type broadcast
set dead-interval 1
set hello-multiplier 4
end
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Advanced Routing
end
BGP Conditional Advertising
BGP conditional advertising is supported in FortiOS 5.2.
Normally, routes are propagated regardless of the existence of a different path. Using BGP conditional
advertisement allows a route not to be advertised based on existence or non-existence of other routes. With this
new feature, a child table under bgp neighbor is introduced. Any route matched by one of the route-map specified
in the table will be advertised to the peer based on the corresponding condition route-map.
Syntax
config router bgp
config neighbor
edit <name>
set remote-as 3
config conditional-advertise
edit <name>
set condition-routemap <name>
set condition-type {exist | non-exist}
end
end
end
end
end
Source and Destination IP-based Mode for ECMP
A new mode has been added that allows Equal-cost multi-path routing (ECMP) to select next hop based on both
source and destination IPs. This can be configured as a global setting (if virtual-wan-link is disabled) or
for a virtual WAN link.
Syntax
config system {settings | virtual-wan-link}
set v4-ecmp-mode source-dest-ip-based
end
Policy Routes
The following options have been added for policy routes:
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Multiple source/destination subnets.
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Multiple input devices.
l
src-negate and dst-negate can now be enabled.
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action can now be set to permit or deny.
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Logging and Reporting
New logging and reporting features include:
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Traffic and UTM Logging Improvements
l
FortiGate Daily Security Report
l
GTP Logging Improvements
l
Flash-based Logging Disabled on Some Models
l
Accessing Policy-specific Logs from the Policy List
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IPS Event Context Data in Log Messages
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Sniffer Traffic Log
l
Selecting Sources for Reports
l
Threat Weight
l
Disk Usage Information in System Event Logs
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Event Log Generated When a Crash Occurs
l
Displaying FortiFlow Names
Traffic and UTM Logging Improvements
Traffic and UTM Logging has been simplified in FortiOS 5.2 by making the following changes:
l
Removing all overlapping fields between the UTM Logs and Traffic Logs, with the exception of the common fields
sessionid, vd, user, and group, and application control critical info, which will be present in both the Traffic
Log and Application log.
l
Fields have been renamed so that they are the same in all logs.
l
Some rarely used fields were removed; for example, profiletype.
l
l
The action field reflects the Firewall action (accept or deny). This will allow you to see from the traffic logs if the
session was allowed or blocked and whether it was allowed or blocked by the firewall or by a security feature. If it
was a security feature, you will need to look at the UTM logs to determine which feature blocked the traffic.
The field utmaction is set to the most severe actions across all security features. The severity from highest to
lowest is: Block, Reset, Traffic Shape, Allow.
l
You can now drill-down from a traffic log to its corresponding UTM logs.
l
extended-utm-log and log options for security profiles have been removed.
l
l
Log roll logic have been rewritten so that traffic log file and related utm log files are rolled together. Uploadd will
pack these files together to send to a FortiAnalyzer unit.
An anomaly log category has been added to separate anomaly logs from IPS logs.
FortiGate Daily Security Report
The FortiGate UTM Security Analysis Report has been renamed the FortiGate Daily Security Report.
A variety of other changes have also occurred to the report:
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Logging and Reporting
l
A new cover page has been added that contains the report name, date, date range, and device name.
l
A table of contents page has been added.
l
l
The information VPN usage now shows all use, rather than just a top 10 list. This allows a complete list to be shown
that includes all tunnels for Site-to-Site IPsec VPNs and all users for dial-up IPsec VPN tunnels, SSL VPN tunnels,
and SSL VPN web mode. Information on connection time has also been added.
Entries will not be displayed when there is a zero bandwidth/or connection time.
GTP Logging Improvements
Several changes have been made concerning GPRS Tunneling Protocol (GTP) and logging.
GTP-U Logging
FortiOS 5.2 supports GPRS Tunnelling Protocol User Plane (GTP-U) logging for both forwarded and dropped
packets at the kernel level. FortiGate log entries now contain International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI),
Mobile Subscriber Integrated Services Digital Network-Number (MSISDN), Access Point Name (APN), and
header Tunnel Endpoint Identifier (TEID) if available/applicable.
Three new CLI commands are added to GTP profile for GTP-U logging:
l
gtpu-forwarded-log: Enable/disable logging of forwarded GTP-U packets.
l
gtpu-denied-log: Enable/disable logging of denied GTP-U packets.
l
gtpu-log-freq: Sets the logging frequency of GTP-U packets.
Syntax
config firewall gtp
edit gtp_profile
set gtpu-forwarded-log enable
set gtpu-denied-log enable
set gtpu-log-freq 10
end
end
The log frequency value is per number of packets, for example set gtpu-logfreq 10 means the FortiGate unit should have a log entry per 10 packets.
GTP Event Log
A new GTP event log has been added, which can be found by going to Logging & Reports > Event Log >
GTP. This log will show GTP activity status and a Deny Cause for any traffic that was blocked or dropped.
In order to see this log, it must be enabled either in the Log Settings or in the CLI.
Syntax
config log eventfilter
set gtp enable
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What's New for FortiOS 5.2
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end
Flash-based Logging Disabled on Some Models
On some FortiGate models, flash-based logging is not available in FortiOS 5.2. For these platforms, Fortinet
recommends the free FortiCloud central logging & reporting service, as it offers higher capacity and extends the
features available to the FortiGate.
For a full list of affected models, please refer to the Release Notes.
Accessing Policy-specific Logs from the Policy List
In FortiOS 5.2, the log viewer can be opened directly from the policy table, with filters applied automatically to
show only the logs relating to that policy. To view these logs, right-click on the Seq.# column for the policy and
select Show Matching Logs.
The log viewer will filter using the Policy UUID if it is enabled. If not, the Policy ID will be used.
IPS Event Context Data in Log Messages
Attack context logging can now be enabled for an IPS sensor, which will add two new fields, attackcontext
and attackcontextid, into an attack log.
The atkctx field in log will output BASE64 encoded string of:
<PATTERNS> trigger patterns separated by ';' </PATTERNS> <URI> uri buffer </URI>
<HEADER> header buffer </HEADER> <BODY> body buffer </BODY> <PACKET> packet
buffer </PACKET>"
Attackcontext entries longer than 1KB is split in multiple log entries, which share the same
incidentserialno. Attackcontextid will help identify these segment by showing what order they have
in the sequence; for example, <1/3> means this log is the first segment of a log message containing three
segments in total.
Sniffer Traffic Log
Forward traffic from a FortiGate unit that is in one-arm sniffer mode can now be logged on that FortiGate unit. To
log this traffic, the appropriate logging option must be selected for the sniffer interface.
Logging information can be viewed in the new sniffer log, which can be found by going to Log & Report >
Forward Traffic > Sniffer Traffic.
Selecting Sources for Reports
The source for reports can now be configured to be either forward traffic, sniffer traffic, or both.
127
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Logging and Reporting
Syntax
config report setting
set status enable
set report-source {forward-traffic | sniffer-traffic | both}
end
Threat Weight
The 5.0 feature client reputation has been renamed Threat Weight in FortiOS 5.2 and has been moved from
Security Profiles to Log & Report > Log Config > Threat Weight. It can now be configured in the CLI using
the command config log threat-weight.
Disk Usage Information in System Event Logs
Disk usage information will now be included in system event logs for FortiGate models that have a hard disk.
Event Log Generated When a Crash Occurs
A brief event log will now be generated when a crash occurs with brief information about the crash.
Displaying FortiFlow Names
Object name data will now be pulled from FortiFlow in applicable locations, including the Forward Traffic log
and the Top Destinations widget.
128
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Other New Features
Other new features in FortiOS 5.2 include:
l
SIP Traffic is Handled by the SIP ALG by Default
l
Changing the Header Name of Load Balanced HTTP/HTTPS Traffic
l
TOS and DSCP Support for Traffic Mapping
SIP Traffic is Handled by the SIP ALG by Default
Previous versions of FortiOS used the SIP session helper for all SIP sessions. You had to remove the SIP session
helper from the configuration for SIP traffic to use the SIP ALG.
In FortiOS 5.2, all SIP traffic is now processed by the SIP ALG by default. You can change the default setting
using the following command:
config system settings
set default-voip-alg-mode {proxy-based | kernel-helper-based}
end
The default is proxy-based, which means the SIP ALG is used. If set to kernel-helper-based, the SIP
session helper is used. If a SIP session is accepted by a firewall policy with a VoIP profile, the session is
processed using the SIP ALG even if default-voip-alg-mode is set to kernel-helper-based.
If a SIP session is accepted by a firewall policy that does not include a VoIP profile:
l
l
If default-voip-alg-mode is set to proxy-based, SIP traffic is processed by the SIP ALG using the default
VoIP profile.
If default-voip-alg-mode is set to kernel-helper-based, SIP traffic is processed by the SIP session
helper. If the SIP session help has been removed, then no SIP processing takes place.
Changing the Header Name of Load Balanced HTTP/HTTPS Traffic
A header name can now be configured for HTTP and HTTPS traffic that flows through a virtual server, rather than
using the default X-Forward-For header.
In order to use this feature, the HTTP IP header must be enabled.
129
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
Other New Features
Syntax
config firewall vip
edit <name>
set type server-load-balance
set server-type {http | https}
set http-ip-header enable
set http-ip-header-name <name>
end
end
TOS and DSCP Support for Traffic Mapping
Both TOS and DSCP are now supported for traffic mapping but only one method can be used at a time, with TOS
as the default. The type used and its other attributes can be configured through the CLI.
Syntax
config system global
set traffic-priority {tos | dscp}
set traffic-priority-level {low | medium | high}
end
130
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
RFC List
The following RFCs are supported by the new features in FortiOS 5.2:
Number
Title
791
Internet Protocol
1349
Type of Service in the Internet Protocol Suite
1925
The Twelve Networking Truths
2516
A Method for Transmitting PPP Over Ethernet (PPPoE)
4754
IKE and IKEv2 Authentication Using the Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm
(ECDSA)
4787
Network Address Translation (NAT) Behavioral Requirements for Unicast UDP
5996
Internet Key Exchange Protocol Version 2 (IKEv2)
131
What's New for FortiOS 5.2
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names may be trademarks of their respective owners. Performance and other metrics contained herein were attained in internal lab tests under ideal conditions, and
actual performance and other results may vary. Network variables, different network environments and other conditions may affect performance results. Nothing herein
represents any binding commitment by Fortinet, and Fortinet disclaims all warranties, whether express or implied, except to the extent Fortinet enters a binding written
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absolute clarity, any such warranty will be limited to performance in the same ideal conditions as in Fortinet’s internal lab tests. In no event does Fortinet make any
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