Segment CMR Instructions For Use - English

Segment CMR Instructions For Use - English
Segment CMR
Instructions For Use - English
April 7, 2015
Software platform v2.0 R4265
MEDVISO AB
http://www.medviso.com
Griffelv¨agen 3
SE-224 67 Lund
Sweden
Tel: +46-76-183 6442
ii
Contents
1 Terms and conditions
1.1 Regulatory status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2 Conditions for use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3 Indications for use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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2 Conventions and Abbreviations
2.1 Typographic conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2 Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3 Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
3
3
3
3 Getting started
3.1 System requirements . . . . . . . .
3.2 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2.1 Installing Matlab Compiler
3.2.2 Installing Segment CMR .
3.3 Starting Segment CMR . . . . . .
3.4 Uninstallation . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5 Software overview . . . . . . . . .
3.6 First time running Segment CMR
3.6.1 Setting preferences . . . .
3.6.2 Setting window positions .
3.6.3 Patient database . . . . .
3.6.4 PACS connection . . . . .
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4 Loading and storing Data - Step by step
4.1 Loading data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1.1 Loading data from database . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1.2 Loading data from PACS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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iii
CONTENTS
4.2
4.1.3 Loading data from network disc . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Storing data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
5 Image viewing tools
5.1 Viewing options .
5.2 Crop image stack .
5.3 Zoom . . . . . . .
5.4 Adjust contrast . .
5.5 Measure distance .
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6 LV segmentation - Step by step
6.1 Automatic LV segmentation . . .
6.2 Manual LV segmentation . . . .
6.3 Erase LV segmentation . . . . .
6.4 Copying LV segmentation . . . .
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7 RV segmentation - Step by step
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7.1 Automatic RV segmentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
7.2 Manual RV segmentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
7.3 Erase RV segmentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
8 ROI analysis - Step by step
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8.1 Manual ROI analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
8.2 Erase ROI segmentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
9 Flow analysis - Step by step
9.1 Automatic flow analysis . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.2 Qp/Qs analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.3 Shunt and valve analysis . . . . . . . . . . .
9.4 Erase flow segmentation . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.5 Eddy current compensation . . . . . . . . . .
9.6 Phase unwrapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.7 Pulse wave velocity (PWV) analysis - Step by
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10 Bullseye analysis - Step by step
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11 Report generation - Step by step
33
iv
CONTENTS
12 T2* analysis - Step by step
35
12.1 Automatic T2* analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
13 Strain analysis - Step by step
37
13.1 Strain analysis in velocity encoded images . . . . . . . . . . . 37
13.1.1 Automatic strain analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
13.1.2 Erase strain data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
14 Scar
14.1
14.2
14.3
analysis - Step by step
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Automatic scar analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Grayzone analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Erase scar segmentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
15 Myocardium at Risk (MaR) analysis - Step by step
41
15.1 Automatic MaR analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
15.2 Erase MaR segmentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
16 Perfusion analysis - Step by step
43
v
1 Terms and conditions
This manual contains Instructions For Use, to safely be able to use Segment
CMR.
1.1
Regulatory status
Segment CMR bears the CE marking of conformity and is certified according to the ISO 13485 standard. Segment CMR is based almost entirely on
the software Segment which is FDA approved with FDA 510(k) number
K090833. Please note that there are features that are not included in the
FDA approval. These functions are marked in the Instructions for Use and in
the Reference Manual that they are only for investigational use. An application for FDA approval for Segment CMR is submitted and awaiting decision.
Users are also required to investigate the regulatory requirements pertinent
to their country or location prior to using Segment CMR. It is in the users
responsibility to obey these statues, rules and regulations.
1.2
Conditions for use
• The software may only be used by professionals trained in Cardiac
MRI.
• The software is a tool to provide relevant clinical data. The clinician is
solely responsible for interpretation of clinical data and taking decisions
how to manage the patients.
• The software should be used to read images from MRI Scanners from
Philips, Siemens, and General Electric. Images can be supplied either
by CD’s or by using DICOM standard to transfer files directly from
the scanner or PACS systems.
1.3
Indications for use
Segment CMR is a software that analyzes DICOM-compliant cardiovascular
images acquired from magnetic resonance (MR) scanners. Segment CMR
specifically analyzes the function of the heart and its major vessels using
1
CHAPTER 1. TERMS AND CONDITIONS
multi-slice, multi-frame and velocity encoded MR images. It provides validated and reproducible data for supporting the evaluation of the function of
the chambers of the heart such as left and right ventricular volumes, ejection
fractions, stroke volumes, peak ejection and filling rates, myocardial mass,
regional wall thickness, fractional thickening and wall motion. The ventricular analysis is provided for usage in both pediatric (from newborn) and adult
population. Segment CMR also provides quantitative data on blood flow
and velocity in the arterial vessels and at the heart valves. Quantification of
regional function is provided by fast and reproducible measuring of myocardial strain in the heart, and T2* relaxation is provided from the quantitative
T2* analysis. The data produced by Segment CMR is intended to be used
to support qualified cardiologist, radiologist or other licensed professional
healthcare practitioners for clinical decision making. It is a support tool
that provides relevant clinical data as a resource to the clinician
and is not intended to be a source of medical advice or to determine
or recommend a course of action or treatment for a patient.
2
2 Conventions and
Abbreviations
This chapter describes the typographic conventions in this manual and in the
program.
2.1
Typographic conventions
A
Ctrl-A
*.mat
C:/Program
File
File→Save As
Close
} Endocardium
Single frame
2.2
Key A at the keyboard.
Control key. Hold down Ctrl key and A simultaneously.
Icon in toolbar.
Filename extension.
Folder.
Menu, e.g. File menu.
Sub menu, e.g. under the File menu the item Save As is found.
Push/Toggle button in the graphical user interface.
Radiobutton in the graphical user interface.
Checkbox in the graphical user interface.
Trademarks
Below are some of the trademarks used in this manual.
• Segment CMR is a trademark of Medviso AB.
• Segment DICOM Server is a trademark of Medviso AB.
• Sectra PACS is a trademark of Sectra Imtec AB, (http://www.sectra.se).
• Matlab is a trademark of the Mathworks Inc, (http://www.mathworks.com).
2.3
Abbreviations
CMR Cardiac Magnetic Resonance
LV
Left Ventricle
MaR Myocardium at Risk
PWV Pulse Wave Velocity
RV
Right Ventricle
3
3 Getting started
3.1
System requirements
• Operating system: Windows 2000, Windows XP (32 bit and 64 bit),
Windows Vista (32 bit), Windows 7 (32 bit and 64 bit), Windows 8.
• Computer with 4 GB of memory or more.
• Harddisk with at least 500 MB of available space.
• Graphics card supporting both DirectX and OpenGL.
3.2
Installation
For first time installation, start with installing Matlab Compiler Runtime
(Section 3.2.1) and thereafter installing Segment CMR (Section 3.2.2). For
upgrading, only install Segment CMR (Section 3.2.2). To be able to perform
the installation you need to have administrator privileges on the machine.
3.2.1 Installing Matlab Compiler Runtime
1. Download the file MCR file and double click it. The file can be downloaded from Medviso AB homepage
(http://medviso.com/download2/).
2. Follow the instructions in Figures 1-4.
Figure 1: Click on Run.
5
CHAPTER 3. GETTING STARTED
Figure 2: Click on OK.
Figure 3: Click on Install.
Figure 4: Click on Next.
6
3.3. STARTING SEGMENT CMR
3. Reboot the computer.
3.2.2 Installing Segment CMR
1. The latest Segment CMR version can be downloaded from Medviso
AB homepage (http://medviso.com/download2/). Download the file
(called something like install Segment CMR 1px Ryyyy.exe), double
click it and follow the instructions. You need a password to download
the software. You should have received at the time of purchase, if you
have lost the password, please contact [email protected]
2. Copy your license file to the same folder as where Segment CMR is
installed. The license file is called yourname.key or license.key. If
you do not have the license file, please contact [email protected]
3.3
Starting Segment CMR
To start the program, double click the file C:/Program Files/Segment CMR/Segment
CMR.exe, or your shortcut to it. When starting the software, the image in
Figure 5 should be displayed. If it is not displayed, then the software is not
correctly installed.
Figure 5: Startup window for Segment CMR.
7
CHAPTER 3. GETTING STARTED
3.4
Uninstallation
To uninstall Segment CMR, remove all files in the folder C:/Program/Segment
CMR or C:/Program Files/Segment CMR. User preferences are stored in the
Application Data and the subfolder Segment CMR under each user account.
To uninstall the Matlab Compiler Runtime, use the Windows functionality
Install or Remove Programs in the control panel menu.
3.5
Software overview
An overview of Segment CMR is given in Figure 6. The letters (a-o) in the
figure will be used as references throughout this manual.
Figure 6: Main graphical user interface. The letters (a-o) in the figure will
be used as references throughout this document.
To learn more about each tool, hold the mouse over the icon in the software
and a help text will be displayed.
8
3.6. FIRST TIME RUNNING SEGMENT CMR
3.6
First time running Segment CMR
The first time Segment CMR is started, it runs a setup process which can
take a while, so be patient. To complete setup, set preferences and window
positions as described in Sections 3.6.1 and 3.6.2.
3.6.1 Setting preferences
It is recommended to set the preferences of which folders to use to avoid
browsing each time you want to load or save a file. It is invoked by using the
Preferences menu (a). Set Data, Export and CD folders.
3.6.2 Setting window positions
The position of the main window for Segment CMR can be set by dragging
the window to an optional position and size. The size and position will be
saved so that next time Segment CMR is launched the same position will be
used. In case where one have switched to another monitor, Segment CMR
may move outside the screen. In this case you could press Shift-Ctrl-R to
reset GUI positions. This is also available under the File menu (a).
3.6.3 Patient database
We recommend that you start by using our example patient database. Download the file Patientdatabase.zip from Medviso AB homepage
(http://medviso.com/download2/). The file is quite large (1.4 GB). Unpack the file and place the contents in a folder. It is recommended to place
it in a subfolder where Segment CMR is installed. In Segment CMR you
need to set the location of the patient database. Click on Preferences
and click on Advanced System and DICOM Settings. A new user interface appears and click on Database Folder, select the folder where the file
patientdatabase.mat resides.
3.6.4 PACS connection
Setting up PACS connection and Segment Server usually requires help from
your local PACS support, and we recommend that you contact us to setup
a telephone / web-based video conference to make this process as smooth as
possible. The Database and PACS connection manual and the Sectra PACS
plugin manual is found at Medviso AB homepage
(http://medviso.com/products/cmr/resources/). The Sectra PACS plugin
9
CHAPTER 3. GETTING STARTED
may require additional Microsoft Visual C++ components that can be downloaded from Medviso AB homepage (http://medviso.com/download2/).
10
4 Loading and storing Data Step by step
4.1
Loading data
To load patient data from the database, follow Section 4.1.1. To load patient
data from PACS, follow Section 4.1.2. To load patient data from network
disc, follow Section 4.1.3.
4.1.1 Loading data from database
(a), Figure 7 is shown.
1. Click on the tool
Figure 7: Graphical patient selector.
2. Select patient.
3. Patients can be stored in two formats; DICOM, or Segment CMR format. For images in DICOM format, click Select & Load , Figure 8 is
shown. For images in Segment CMR format click Load all .
11
CHAPTER 4. LOADING AND STORING DATA - STEP BY STEP
Figure 8: Graphical image series selector.
4. Select image series to load in Figure 8.
5. Click on Load .
4.1.2 Loading data from PACS
1. Select Import from PACS in the File menu, Figure 9 is shown.
Figure 9: Interface to import image stacks from PACS.
2. Enter patient or study details and perform search.
12
4.2. STORING DATA
3. Load the study into Segment CMR by select Open files .
4.1.3 Loading data from network disc
1. Select Open from Disc in the File menu, Figure 10 is shown.
Figure 10: Image stack loading selector.
2. Select image stack to load.
3. For DICOM files, select crop size for the image stack and crop the
image.
4. Click on Load Selected File(s) or Folder(s) .
4.2
Storing data
1. To store images including delineation to Patient Database, click on the
(b).
tool
2. To store images including delineation to Disc, select Save As ... in the
File menu (a).
3. To store images including delineation to PACS, click on the tool
(b).
13
5 Image viewing tools
5.1
Viewing options
• Choose panel viewing option by using
,
,
,
• To play a movie of the image stacks, use the tools
5.2
,
,
,
,
(c).
(d).
Crop image stack
1. Click on Misc mode (h).
2. Select the tool
(i).
3. Crop an image stack by mark the region in the image stack.
5.3
Zoom
1. Select image stack.
2. Use the tools
stack.
5.4
and
(e) to zoom in and zoom out in the image
Adjust contrast
1. Select image stack.
2. Select the tool
(e).
3. Adjust the contrast and brightness by right click and drag the mouse
in the image stack (right-left for contrast and up-down for brightness).
5.5
Measure distance
1. Click on Misc mode (h).
2. Select the tool
(i).
3. Measure a distance by dragging the mouse from start to end point in
the image stack.
15
6 LV segmentation - Step by
step
6.1
Automatic LV segmentation
1. Start the LV analysis by select LV mode (h) and select
interface is open, as shown in Figure 11.
(i). A new
Figure 11: LV analysis GUI.
2. Select the slices covering the left ventricle by left-click to select most
basal slice and right-click to select most epicardial apical slice.
3. Review the slice selection in the long-axis views.
4. Ensure that the center cross is in the middle of the LV.
5. Start the automatic LV segmentation.
17
CHAPTER 6. LV SEGMENTATION - STEP BY STEP
6. The segmentation result is presented in the main window where volumes curve can be reviewed (k) and the measured LV volumes are
presented, according to Figure 12 (j).
Figure 12: LV analysis result.
7. If needed, correction of the LV segmentation can be performed by using
, , , , ,
, ,
,
and
(i).
the following tools:
6.2
Manual LV segmentation
For manual delineation of the LV, the following tools can be used:
, , ,
(i). If the checkbox Single Frame Mode (m) is selected, then the operation
is only applied to the current time frame.
6.3
Erase LV segmentation
To erase the LV segmentation, select Clear All LV Segmentation from LV menu
(a).
18
6.4. COPYING LV SEGMENTATION
6.4
Copying LV segmentation
To copying the LV segmentation to another image stack, select Import Segmentation From Another Image Stack from LV menu (a).
19
7 RV segmentation - Step by
step
7.1
Automatic RV segmentation
1. If the checkbox Single Frame Mode (m) is selected then segmentation is
only applied to the current time frame.
2. Put the center of RV indicator (white cross) in the middle of the RV
cavity.
3. Select the slices covering the right ventricle. Selected slices are marked
by yellow, as in Figure 12.
4. Click on RV mode (h).
5. Click on
(i).
6. Select Clear All RV Segmentation Except Enddiastole/Endsystole from RV
menu (a).
7. The measured RV volumes are presented (j).
7.2
Manual RV segmentation
For manual delineation or correction of automatic segmentation, the following
, ,
,
(i).
tools can be used:
7.3
Erase RV segmentation
To erase the RV segmentation, select Clear All RV Segmentation from RV
menu (a).
21
8 ROI analysis - Step by step
8.1
Manual ROI analysis
1. Click on ROI/Flow mode (h).
2. If the checkbox Single Frame Mode (m) is selected then segmentation is
only applied to the current time frame.
3. To place a ROI, use one of the tools
4. Scale the ROI with the tool
(i) or
.
(i).
5. Translate the ROI with the tool
(i).
6. Change the ROI segmentation by using the correction tool
7. Select ROIs with Shift-click with the tool
(i).
(i).
8. Set the label of selected ROIs with the tool
(i).
9. Set the color of selected ROIs with the tool
(i).
10. Select ROI Analysis from ROI menu to perform ROI analysis according
to Figure 13 (a).
8.2
Erase ROI segmentation
Delete selected ROIs by selecting Delete Selected ROIs, and all ROIs by selecting Clear All ROIs in the ROI menu (a).
23
Figure 13: ROI analysis GUI.
9 Flow analysis - Step by step
9.1
Automatic flow analysis
1. Display the magnitude image of the phase contrast image pair, as shown
in Figure 14.
Figure 14: Flow image stack.
2. Click on ROI/Flow mode (h).
3. Use the tool
(i) to put a ROI in the center of the vessel.
4. Scale the ROI with the tool
5. Translate the ROI with the tool
(i).
(i).
6. Set the label of the ROI with the tool
(i).
7. Set the color of the ROI with the tool
(i).
8. To track and segment the vessel, click on
(i).
9. Review the segmentation. If necessary, use the correction tool
10. Click on
(i).
(g) to show flow curve, as shown in Figure 15.
25
CHAPTER 9. FLOW ANALYSIS - STEP BY STEP
Figure 15: Flow report GUI.
9.2
Qp/Qs analysis
1. Start with vessel segmentation of both the pulmonary and aorta as
described in the previous section. Check the labels so they are correct (Pulmonary artery and Aortic ascending flow). Otherwise,
set the label of the ROIs with the tool
(i).
2. Select Qp/Qs Analysis from Flow menu (a).
3. The Qp/Qs ratio is presented in a new message box.
9.3
Shunt and valve analysis
1. Start with vessel segmentation of the pulmonary and/or aorta as described in the Section 9.1. Check the labels so they are correct (Pulmonary
artery and Aortic ascending flow). Otherwise, set the label of the
ROIs with the tool
(i).
2. Select Shunt and Valve Analysis from Flow menu (a).
3. The regurgitant fractions are presented in a new message box.
26
9.4. ERASE FLOW SEGMENTATION
9.4
Erase flow segmentation
Delete current ROI by selecting Delete ROI, and all ROIs by selecting Clear
All ROIs in the ROI menu (a).
9.5
Eddy current compensation
The eddy current compensation algorithm is a method to reduce background
phase errors in MR phase contrast images. Note that it is important that
when compensating for eddy current effets the image stack should not be
cropped, since the algorithm need phase information from the whole image
stack.
1. Select Eddy Current Compensation from Flow menu (a), to open the
interface for compensating for eddy current effects, as shown in Figure
16.
Figure 16: Eddy current compensation GUI.
2. If necessary, adjust threshold parameters to only include static tissue
regions.
3. Select compensation method.
4. Click on Calculate .
27
CHAPTER 9. FLOW ANALYSIS - STEP BY STEP
5. Click on Apply to apply the compensation on the image stack.
6. Click on Done to close the interface.
9.6
Phase unwrapping
The unwrap algorithm is a method to correct wrapped phase values in MR
phase contrast images.
1. Select Unwrap from Flow menu (a).
2. Enter the original VENC for the dataset.
3. The interface for phase unwrapping is shown, as in Figure 17.
Figure 17: Phase unwrap GUI.
4. Choose a pixel (represented by a red dot in the image).
5. Click on Auto-Unwrap All to apply the automatic phase unwrapping algorithm to the whole image stack.
6. If needed, use the manual tools to unwrap single pixels.
28
9.7. PULSE WAVE VELOCITY (PWV) ANALYSIS - STEP BY STEP
7. Click on Apply and Exit to store the unwrapping in the dataset and to
return to the main GUI.
9.7
Pulse wave velocity (PWV) analysis - Step by step
The functions described in this section is off label use and for investigational
use only.
1. Start with a measurement labelled Aortic Length and two ROIs labelled Aortic ascending flow and Abdominal aorta. This is done
by using the measurement tools as described in section 5.5 and flow
ROI tools as described in Chapter 9.
2. Select Pulse Wave Velocity Analysis under Analysis (a) to start pulse
wave velocity analysis.
Figure 18: GUI for Pulse wave velocity analysis.
3. To the left the measurement is displayed in yellow and the intersections
with images containing flow are displayed as white lines. On the right
is a plot of flow curves along with their respective calculated tangents.
The sigma parameter in the calculation can be adjusted using the slider.
29
10 Bullseye analysis - Step by
step
1. Start with manual or automated segmentation of the LV as described
in Chapter 6.
2. Select the image stack to perform bullseye analysis of.
3. Click on the tool
in Figure 19.
(g) to open Bullseye analysis interface, as shown
Figure 19: Bullseye analysis GUI.
4. Set the slice rotation by dragging the slider so the yellow line is in the
middle of the LV cavity. Click on Update . This step is important to
have a correct bullseye plot.
5. Select the parameter to plot.
6. Set the viewing parameters.
31
CHAPTER 10. BULLSEYE ANALYSIS - STEP BY STEP
7. Click on Export to export data to spreadsheet.
32
11 Report generation - Step by
step
1. After performing measurements, click on
generator.
(g) to show the report
Figure 20: Report generator.
2. Select the desired sections to include in the report. Sections that are
grayed out is not available since measurements, or images are missing.
3. Select the images to include in the report.
4. Ensure that the appropriate reference values are chosen.
5. Write your impression about the patient.
6. Click on Generate HTML report to generate a HTML report.
7. Click on Send to PACS to send the report to PACS.
33
12 T2* analysis - Step by step
12.1
Automatic T2* analysis
1. Start with manual or automated segmentation of the LV in all time
frames as described in Chapter 6.
2. Start the T2* module by selecting T2* module under T2* menu (a).
Figure 21: T2* analysis GUI.
3. The regional mean T2* value is presented in the graph and the associated graph title.
4. Pixelwise T2* value is provided by selecting T2* pixel-fit , and placing
the red cross in the image.
5. Define image viewing parameters by using the sliders and checkboxes
in the bottom left part of the panel.
6. Click on Export to export T2* result to spreadsheet.
35
CHAPTER 12. T2* ANALYSIS - STEP BY STEP
7. Click on Create Image Stacks to create the T2* image stack in the main
GUI of Segment CMR and close the T2* module interface.
36
13 Strain analysis - Step by
step
13.1
Strain analysis in velocity encoded images
13.1.1
Automatic strain analysis
1. Ensure that the feature Number of points along contour under Preferences
(P) under Preferences menu is set to 300 (a).
2. Start with manual segmentation of the LV in end-diastole in the magnitude long-axis image stack by using the tool . The LV segmentation
can also be performed in the Cine image stack and thereafter be imported to the magnitude image stack by Import From Cine Stack under
Strain From Velocity Encoded Imaging under Strain menu (a).
3. Start the strain module by selecting Strain Tool under menu Strain From
Velocity Encoded Imaging under Strain menu (a). The Strain interface
is shown (Figure 22).
Figure 22: Strain analysis GUI.
37
CHAPTER 13. STRAIN ANALYSIS - STEP BY STEP
4. Select Parameter to plot .
5. Verify the strain tracking by using the movie tools.
6. If needed, manual correction can be performed in two ways:
(a) Use the left click of the mouse to move a contour point, and use
the right click of the mouse to delete a manual contour point.
(b) Manually transfer the contour by using the arrow buttons in the
interface.
7. Use Retrack to calcualte strain after manual correction. Use Clear to
delete all maual corrections.
8. The tool enables visualization of maximal strain, minimal strain and
strain over time and export to clipboard.
9. Click on
for bullseye plot of strain.
13.1.2 Erase strain data
To erase the strain data, select Clear Strain Data from Strain From Velocity
Encoded Imaging under Strain menu (a).
38
14 Scar analysis - Step by step
The functions described in this chapter is in US only for off label use and for
investigational use.
14.1
Automatic scar analysis
1. Start with manual or automated segmentation of the LV as described
in Chapter 6.
2. Click on Scar mode (h).
3. Click on
(i).
Figure 23: Scar segmentation.
4. If necessary, use the tools
scar region.
(i) to add scar region, and
(i) to remove
5. The yellow line demarks the scar region, and the pink line demarks
a visual representation of the mass of the infarct. This would be the
corresponding area to include if just counting pixels instead of using
the automatic weighted approach.
39
CHAPTER 14. SCAR ANALYSIS - STEP BY STEP
6. The measured Scar volumes are presented (j).
14.2
Grayzone analysis
1. Start with manual or automated segmentation of the scar as described
in the section above.
2. Select Gray Zone Analysis from Scar menu (a).
14.3
Erase scar segmentation
To erase the Scar segmentation, select Remove All Scar Data from Scar menu
(a).
40
15 Myocardium at Risk (MaR)
analysis - Step by step
The functions described in this chapter is in US only for off label use and for
investigational use.
15.1
Automatic MaR analysis
1. Start with manual or automated segmentation of the LV as described
in Chapter 6.
2. Click on MaR mode (h).
3. Click on
(i).
Figure 24: MaR segmentation.
4. Use the tools
(i) to add MaR region, and
region, if necessary.
(i) to remove MaR
5. The white line demarks the MaR region.
41
CHAPTER 15. MYOCARDIUM AT RISK (MAR) ANALYSIS - STEP
BY STEP
6. The measured MaR volumes are presented (j).
15.2
Erase MaR segmentation
To erase the MaR segmentation, select Clear All MaR data from MaR menu
(a).
42
16 Perfusion analysis - Step by
step
The functions described in this chapter is in US only for off label use and for
investigational use.
1. Start with a rest image stack and a stress image stack. Both image
stacks need to have LV segmentation in all slices in one time frame,
as described in Chapter 6. Make sure Image Type is set correctly
(Perfusion Rest and Perfusion Stress). Otherwise, set the image
type by right clicking the image stack in the thumbnail preview (o) and
select Set Image Description.
2. Start the perfusion module by selecting Perfusion module from Perfusion
menu (a).
Figure 25: Perfusion analysis GUI.
3. Select the Start and End slice for motion correction.
43
CHAPTER 16. PERFUSION ANALYSIS - STEP BY STEP
4. Click on Motion correction to start the analysis. This generates motion corrected image stacks with LV segmentation in all selected time
frames.
Figure 26: Perfusion analysis result.
5. Select LV region to plot, and the level of smoothing of the Gaussian
filter used in the curve fitting process.
6. If intensity from outside of the LV spills into the LV segmentation, the
LV contour can be contracted for each image stack by setting the inner
and outer values [0 100] and clicking on Stress or Rest .
7. The bullseye plot displays the sectorwise quote between the maximum
stress and rest upslopes, normalized with respect to the respective maximum upslopes of the bloodpool curves. Click on Export to export
result to spreadsheet.
44
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