null  null
Bulletin No. T&P16-E
Drawing No. LP0486
Released 12/02
Tel +1 (717) 767-6511
Fax +1 (717) 764-0839
www.redlion-controls.com
MODELS T16 & P16 - TEMPERATURE/PROCESS CONTROLLERS
!
PID CONTROL WITH REDUCED OVERSHOOT
!
T16 ACCEPTS TC AND RTD
!
P16 ACCEPTS 0-10 V AND 0/4-20 mA SIGNALS
!
ON DEMAND AUTO-TUNING OF PID SETTINGS
!
DC ANALOG OUTPUT (OPTIONAL)
!
USER PROGRAMMABLE FUNCTION BUTTON
!
PC OR FRONT PANEL PROGRAMMING
!
PC CONFIGURABLE WITH TP16KIT
UL Recognized Component,
File #E156876
y
x
EMC
COMPLIANT
NEMA 4X
IP65
PARAMETER
LOCKOUT
FRONT PANEL
PROGRAMMABLE
PROGRAMMING
SOFTWARE
ALARMS
ANALOG
OUTPUT
PC
CONFIGURABLE
Product Features
FAX/WEB
DOC # 05019
output response. The alarms can be programmed for Automatic
or Latching operation. A selectable standby feature suppresses
the alarm during power-up until the temperature stabilizes
outside the alarm region.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The Model T16 Controller accepts signals from a variety of
temperature sensors (thermocouple or RTD), while the Model
P16 Controller accepts either a 0 to 10 VDC or 0/4 to 20 mA DC
input signal. Both controllers can provide an accurate output
control signal (time proportional or DC Analog Output) to
maintain a process at a setpoint value. Dual 4-digit displays allow
viewing of the process/temperature and setpoint simultaneously.
Front panel indicators inform the operator of the controller and
output status. The comprehensive programming allows these
controllers to meet a wide variety of application requirements.
ANALOG OUTPUT OPTION
The optional DC Analog Output (10 V or 20 mA) can be
configured and scaled for control or re-transmission purposes.
The programmable output update time reduces valve or actuator
activity.
PC PROGRAMMING KIT
MAIN CONTROL
The optional TP16KIT contains a programming module with a
9 pin RS232 connector, cable and Windows® based
configuration software. The software allows downloading,
uploading and storage of T16 and P16 program files. All
controllers have a communications port that allows configuration
by PC even without controller power connected. Controller
calibration is also possible using the software when the proper
calibration equipment and controller power is connected.
The controller operates in the PID Control Mode for both
heating and cooling, with on-demand auto-tune, that establishes
the tuning constants. The PID tuning constants may be finetuned through the front panel and then locked out from further
modification. The controller employs a unique overshoot
suppression feature, that allows the quickest response without
excessive overshoot. Switching to Manual Mode provides the
operator direct control of the output. The controller may also be
programmed to operate in On/Off mode with adjustable
hysteresis.
CONSTRUCTION
The controller is constructed of a lightweight, high impact,
black plastic textured case and bezel with a clear display window.
The front panel meets NEMA 4X/IP65 specifications when
properly installed. In applications that do not require protection to
NEMA 4X, multiple controllers can be stacked horizontally or
vertically. Modern surface-mount technology, extensive testing,
plus high immunity to noise interference makes the controller
extremely reliable in industrial environments.
ALARMS
Optional alarm(s) can be configured independently for
absolute high or low acting with balanced or unbalanced
hysteresis. They can also be configured for deviation and band
alarm. In these modes, the alarm trigger values track the setpoint
value. Adjustable alarm trip delays can be used for delaying
DIMENSIONS In inches (mm)
PANEL CUT-OUT
1
Product Features Continued
SAFETY SUMMARY
All safety related regulations, local codes and instructions that
appear in the manual or on equipment must be observed to
ensure personal safety and to prevent damage to either the
instrument or equipment connected to it. If equipment is used in
a manner not specified by the manufacturer, the protection
provided by the equipment may be impaired.
Do not use the controller to directly command motors, valves,
or other actuators not equipped with safeguards. To do so can be
potentially harmful to persons or equipment in the event of a fault
to the controller. An independent and redundant temperature limit
indicator with alarm outputs is strongly recommended.
CAUTION: Read complete
instructions prior to installation
and operation of the unit.
CAUTION: Risk of electric shock.
General Specifications
1. DISPLAY: 2 Line by 4-digit, LCD negative image transmissive
with backlighting.
Top (Process) Display: 0.3" (7.6 mm) high digits with red
backlighting.
Bottom (Parameter) Display: 0.2" (5.1 mm) high digits with
green backlighting.
2. ANNUNCIATORS:
Status Annunciators:
O1 - Main control output is active.
O2 - Cooling output is active (when Alarm 2 is used for cooling).
A1 - Alarm 1 output is active.
A2 - Alarm 2 output is active.
°F, °C - Temperature units.
%PW - Output power percentage is shown in Bottom display.
MAN - Controller is in Manual Mode.
R - Ramping Setpoint indicator.
% - Percent indicator (P16 models only).
Display Messages:
!"#"#$ - Measurement exceeds + sensor range
!%#%#$ - Measurement exceeds - sensor range
!"&'($ - Open sensor is detected (T16 only)
!)*+,$ - Shorted sensor is detected (RTD only)
!)'()$ - Measurement exceeds controller limits (P16 only)
!----$ - Display value exceeds + display range
!.---$ - Display value exceeds - display range
3. POWER:
Line Voltage Models:
85 to 250 VAC, 50/60 Hz, 8 VA
Low Voltage Models:
DC Power: 18 to 36 VDC, 4 W
AC Power: 24 VAC, ±10%, 50/60 Hz, 7 VA
4. CONTROLS: Three rubber push buttons for modification and
setup of controller parameters. One additional button (F1) for
user programmable function. One external user input (models
with alarms) for parameter lockout or other user
programmable functions.
5. MEMORY: Nonvolatile E2PROM retains all programmable
parameters.
6. ISOLATION LEVEL:
AC power with respect to all other I/O: 250 V working (2300
V for 1 minute)
Sensor input to analog output: 50 V working (500 V for 1
minute)
Relay contacts to all other I/O: 300 V working (2300 V for 1
minute)
DC power with respect to sensor input and analog output:
50 V working (500 V for 1 minute)
7. CERTIFICATIONS AND COMPLIANCES:
SAFETY
UL Recognized Component, File #E156876, UL873, CSA 22.2
No. 24
Recognized to US and Canadian requirements under the
Component Recognition Program of Underwriters
Laboratories, Inc.
Type 4X Enclosure rating (Face only), UL50
IEC 1010-1, EN 61010-1: Safety requirements for electrical
equipment for measurement, control, and laboratory
use, Part I
IP65 Enclosure rating (Face only), IEC 529
ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY
Immunity to EN 50082-2
Electrostatic discharge
EN 61000-4-2 Level 2; 4 kV contact
Level 3; 8 kV air
Electromagnetic RF fields EN 61000-4-3 Level 3; 10 V/m 1
80 MHz - 1 GHz
Fast transients (burst)
EN 61000-4-4 Level 4; 2 kV I/O
Level 3; 2 kV power
RF conducted interference EN 61000-4-6 Level 3; 10 V/rms 2
150 KHz - 80 MHz
Emissions to EN 50081-2
RF interference
EN 55011
Enclosure class A
Power mains class A
Notes:
1 Self-recoverable loss of performance during EMI disturbance at
10 V/m:
Measurement input signal may deviate during EMI
disturbance.
For operation without loss of performance:
Install one ferrite core one turn, RLC #FCOR0000 or
equivalent, to I/O cables at unit.
2 Self-recoverable loss of performance during EMI disturbance at
10 Vrms:
Process and analog output signal may deviate during EMI
disturbance.
For operation without loss of performance:
Install one ferrite core one turn, RLC #FCOR0000 or
equivalent, to I/O cables and power cable at unit.
Refer to the EMC Installation Guidelines section of this
bulletin for additional information.
8. ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS:
Operating Temperature Range: 0 to 50°C
Storage Temperature Range: -40 to 80°C
Operating and Storage Humidity: 85% max relative humidity
(non-condensing) from 0°C to 50°C
Altitude: Up to 2000 meters
9. CONNECTION: Wire-clamping screw terminals
10. CONSTRUCTION: Black plastic alloy case and collar style
panel latch. Panel latch can be installed for vertical or
horizontal instrument stacking. Black plastic textured bezel
with transparent display window. Controller meets NEMA
4X/IP65 requirements for indoor use when properly installed.
Installation Category II, Pollution Degree 2.
11. WEIGHT: 6.3 oz (179 g)
2
Input Specifications
1. SENSOR INPUT:
Sample Period: 100 msec (10Hz rate)
Step Response Time: 300 msec typical, 400 msec max to
within 99% of final value with step input.
Failed Sensor Response:
Main Control Output(s): Programmable preset output
Display: “OPEN”
Alarms: Upscale drive
Analog Output: Upscale drive when assigned to
retransmitted input.
Normal Mode Rejection: >40 dB @ 50/60 Hz
Common Mode Rejection: >120 dB, DC to 60 Hz
Overvoltage Protection: 120 VAC @ 15 sec max
2. THERMOCOUPLE INPUTS: (T16 only)
Types: T, E, J, K, R, S, B, N, C, and Linear mV
Input Impedance: 20 MΩ for all types
Lead Resistance Effect: 0.25 µV/Ω
Cold Junction Compensation: Less than ±1°C typical (1.5°C
max) error over ambient temperature range.
Resolution: 1° for types R, S, B and 1° or 0.1° for all other types
TYPE
DISPLAY RANGE
T
WIRE COLOR
BS 1843
-200 to +400°C
-328 to +752°F
(+) Blue
(-) Red
(+) White
(-) Blue
ITS-90
E
-200 to +750°C
-328 to +1382°F
(+) Violet
(-) Red
(+) Brown
(-) Blue
ITS-90
J
-200 to +760°C
-328 to +1400°F
(+) White
(-) Red
(+) Yellow
(-) Blue
ITS-90
K
-200 to +1250°C (+) Yellow (+) Brown
-328 to +2282°F
(-) Red
(-) Blue
ITS-90
R
0 to +1768°C
+32 to +3214°F
No
standard
(+) White
(-) Blue
ITS-90
S
0 to +1768°C
+32 to +3214°F
No
standard
(+) White
(-) Blue
ITS-90
B
+149 to +1820°C
No
+300 to +3308°F standard
No
standard
ITS-90
N
-200 to +1300°C (+) Orange (+) Orange
-328 to +2372°F
(-) Red
(-) Blue
mV
-5.00 mV to
56.00 mV
TYPE
INPUT TYPE
RANGE
STANDARD
385
100 Ω platinum,
Alpha = .00385
-200 to +600°C
-328 to +1112°F
IEC 751
392
100 Ω platinum,
Alpha = .003919
-200 to +600°C
-328 to +1112°F
No official
standard
672
120 Ω nickel,
Alpha = .00672
-80 to +215°C
-112 to +419°F
No official
standard
0.0 to 320.0 Ω
N/A
Ohms Linear Resistance
4. TEMPERATURE INDICATION ACCURACY: (T16 only)
± (0.3% of span, +1°C) at 23 °C ambient after 20 minute warm
up. Includes NIST conformity, cold junction effect, A/D
conversion errors and linearization conformity.
Span Drift (maximum): 130 PPM/°C
5. SIGNAL INPUT: (P16 only)
STANDARD
ANSI
C
0 to +2315°C
W5/W6 +32 to +4199°F
3. RTD INPUTS: (T16 only)
Type: 2 or 3 wire
Excitation: 150 µA typical
Lead Resistance: 15 Ω max per input lead
Resolution: 1° or 0.1° for all types
INPUT
RANGE
MAX
ACCURACY * IMPEDANCE CONTINUOUS RESOLUTION
OVERLOAD
10 VDC
(-1 to 11)
0.30 % of
reading
+0.03V
1 MΩ
50 V
10 mV
20 mA DC
(-2 to 22)
0.30 % of
reading
+0.04mA
10 Ω
100 mA
10 µA
* Accuracies are expressed as ± percentages over 0 to 50 °C
ambient range after 20 minute warm-up.
6. USER INPUT: (Only controllers with alarms have a user input
terminal.) Internally pulled up to +7 VDC (100 KΩ), VIN MAX =
35 V, VIL = 0.6 V max, VIH = 1.5 V min, IOFF = 40 µA max
Response Time: 120 msec max
Functions: Programmable
ITS-90
No
standard
No
standard
ASTM
E988-96
N/A
N/A
N/A
Output Specifications
1. CONTROL AND ALARM OUTPUTS:
Relay Output:
Type: Form A
Contact Rating: 3 A @ 250 VAC or 30 VDC; 1/10 HP @ 120
VAC (inductive load)
Life Expectancy: 100,000 cycles at max. load rating
(Decreasing load and/or increasing cycle time, increases
life expectancy)
Logic/SSR Output (main control output only):
Rating: 45 mA max @ 4 V min., 7 V nominal
2. MAIN CONTROL:
Control: PID or On/Off
Output: Time proportioning or DC Analog
Cycle Time: Programmable
Auto-Tune: When selected, sets proportional band, integral
time, derivative time, and output dampening time. Also sets
input filter and (if applicable) cooling gain.
Probe Break Action: Programmable
3. ALARMS: (optional) 2 relay alarm outputs.
Modes:
None
Absolute High Acting (Balanced or Unbalanced Hysteresis)
Absolute Low Acting (Balanced or Unbalanced Hysteresis)
Deviation High Acting
Deviation Low Acting
Inside Band Acting
Outside Band Acting
Heat (Alarm 1 on Analog Output models only)
Cool (Alarm 2)
Reset Action: Programmable; automatic or latched
Standby Mode: Programmable; enable or disable
Hysteresis: Programmable
Sensor Fail Response: Upscale
Annunciator: “A1” and “A2” programmable for normal or
reverse acting
4. COOLING: Software selectable (overrides Alarm 2).
Control: PID or On/Off
Output: Time proportioning
Cycle Time: Programmable
Proportional Gain Adjust: Programmable
Heat/Cool Deadband Overlap: Programmable
5. ANALOG DC OUTPUT: (optional)
Action: Control or retransmission
Update Rate: 0.1 to 250 sec
OUTPUT
RANGE **
ACCURACY *
COMPLIANCE
RESOLUTION
0 to 10 V
0.3% of FS
+ ½ LSD
10 kΩ min
1/8000
500 Ω max
1/8000
500 Ω max
1/6400
0 to 20 mA
4 to 20 mA
0.3% of FS
+ ½ LSD
0.3% of FS
+ ½ LSD
* Accuracies are expressed as ± percentages over 0 to 50 °C
ambient range after 20 minute warm-up.
** Outputs are independently jumper selectable for either 10 V
or 20 mA. The output range may be field calibrated to yield
approximately 5% overrange and a small underrange
(negative) signal.
3
Ordering Information
MODEL NO.
MAIN CONTROL
2 ALARMS & USER INPUT
Relay
T16
PART NUMBERS
18-36 VDC/24 VAC
85 to 250 VAC
—
T1610010
T1610000
Relay
Yes
T1611110
T1611100
Logic/SSR
—
T1620010
T1620000
T1621100
Logic/SSR
Yes
T1621110
Analog Out *
Yes
T1641110
T1641100
Relay
—
P1610010
P1610000
Relay
Yes
P1611110
P1611100
Logic/SSR
—
P1620010
P1620000
Logic/SSR
Yes
P1621110
P1621100
Analog Out *
Yes
P1641110
P1641100
P16
* Analog out may be used for retransmitted signals. When using analog output for retransmitted signals,
AL1 becomes main control O1, if selected for heating in the analog out models.
ACCESSORIES
MODEL NO.
TP16
RLY
DESCRIPTION
PART NUMBERS
Programming Kit 1 : Includes Software, Comms Module w/
9-pin connector and cable, and 115 VAC Power Adapter
TP16KIT1
Programming Kit 2 : Includes Software, Comms Module w/
9-pin connector and cable
TP16KIT2
External SSR Power Unit (for Logic/SSR models)
RLY50000
Single Phase Din Rail Mount Soild State Relay
RLY60000
Three Phase Din Rail Mount Soild State Relay
RLY70000
BLOCK DIAGRAM
*AL1 becomes main control O1, if selected for heating
in the analog out models.
4
EMC INSTALLATION GUIDELINES
Although this controller is designed with a high degree of
immunity to Electromagnetic Interference (EMI), proper installation
and wiring methods must be followed to ensure electromagnetic
compatibility (EMC) in each application. The type of the electrical
noise, source or coupling method into the controller may be
different for various installations. The controller becomes more
immune to EMI with fewer I/O connections. Cable length, routing,
and shield termination are very important and can mean the
difference between a successful or troublesome installation. Listed
are some EMC guidelines for successful installation in an industrial
environment.
1. The controller should be mounted in a metal enclosure that is
properly connected to protective earth.
2. Use shielded (screened) cables for all Signal and Control inputs.
The shield (screen) pigtail connection should be made as short
as possible. The connection point for the shield depends
somewhat upon the application. Listed below are the
recommended methods of connecting the shield, in order of their
effectiveness.
a. Connect the shield only at the panel where the controller is
mounted to earth ground (protective earth).
b. Connect the shield to earth ground at both ends of the cable,
usually when the noise source frequency is more than 1 MHz.
c. Connect the shield to common of the controller and leave the
other end of the shield unconnected and insulated from earth
ground.
3. Never run Signal or Control cables in the same conduit or
raceway with AC power lines, conductors feeding motors,
solenoids, SCR controls, and heaters, etc. The cables should be
run through metal conduit that is properly grounded. This is
especially useful in applications where cable runs are long and
portable two-way radios are used in close proximity or if the
installation is near a commercial radio transmitter.
4. Signal or Control cables within an enclosure should be routed as
far away as possible from contactors, control relays,
transformers, and other noisy components.
5. In extremely high EMI environments, the use of external EMI
suppression devices, such as ferrite suppression cores, is
effective. Install them on Signal and Control cables as close to
the controller as possible. Loop the cable through the core
several times or use multiple cores on each cable for additional
protection. Install line filters on the power input cable to the
controller to suppress power line interference. Install them near
the power entry point of the enclosure. The following EMI
suppression devices (or equivalent) are recommended:
Ferrite Suppression Cores for Signal and Control cables:
Fair-Rite # 0443167251 (Red Lion Controls # FCOR0000)
TDK # ZCAT3035-1330A
Steward # 28B2029-0A0
Line Filters for input power cables:
Schaffner # FN610-1/07 (Red Lion Controls # LFIL0000)
Schaffner # FN670-1.8/07
Corcom # 1 VR3
Note: Reference manufacturer’s instructions when installing a
line filter.
6. Long cable runs are more susceptible to EMI pickup than short
cable runs. Therefore, keep cable runs as short as possible.
7. Switching of inductive loads produces high EMI. Use of snubbers
across inductive loads suppresses EMI.
Snubber: Red Lion Controls # SNUB0000.
STEP 1 Setting The Jumpers
To insure proper operation, the Analog Output jumpers must be set
to the same range selected in programming Module 2-OP. The
default jumper setting is for 20 mA. The default setting in Module
2-OP is 4-20 mA. To access the jumpers, insert a flat-blade
screwdriver between the front panel and the side case slot. This
should disengage the top and bottom front panel latches from the
case grooves. Pull the front panel assembly with the controller boards
out of the case. The jumpers are located inside the controller on the
left board along the back top section.
VIEW FROM TOP OF UNIT
5
(Analog output models only)
STEP 2 INSTALLING THE CONTROLLER
The T16 and P16 controllers meet NEMA 4X/IP65
requirements for indoor use to provide a watertight seal in steel
panels with a minimum thickness of 0.09", or aluminum panels
with a minimum thickness of 0.12". The controllers are designed
to be mounted into an enclosed panel. The bezel assembly must
be in place during installation of the controller.
Instructions:
1. Prepare the panel cutout to the proper dimensions.
2. Remove the panel latch from the controller. Discard the
cardboard sleeve.
3. Carefully remove the center section of the panel gasket and
discard. Slide the panel gasket over the rear of the controller,
seating it against the lip at the front of the case.
4. Insert the controller into the panel cutout. While holding the
controller in place, push the panel latch over the rear of the
controller, engaging the tabs of the panel latch in the farthest
forward slot possible.
5. To achieve a proper seal, tighten the panel latch screws evenly
until the controller is snug in the panel, torquing the screws to
approximately 7 in-lb (79 N-cm). Overtightening can result in
distortion of the controller, and reduce the effectiveness of the
seal.
Note: The installation location of the controller is
important. Be sure to keep it away from heat
sources (ovens, furnaces, etc.) and away from
direct contact with caustic vapors, oils, steam, or
any other process by-products in which exposure
may affect proper operation.
Multiple Controller Stacking
The controller is designed to allow for close spacing of
multiple controllers in applications that do not require protection
to NEMA 4X. Controllers can be stacked either horizontally or
vertically. For vertical stacking, install the panel latch with the
screws to the sides of the controller. For horizontal stacking, the
panel latch screws should be at the top and bottom of the
controller. The minimum spacing from centerline to centerline of
controllers is 1.96” (49.8 mm). This spacing is the same for
vertical or horizontal stacking.
Note: When stacking controllers, provide adequate panel
ventilation to ensure that the maximum operating temperature
range is not exceeded.
6
STEP 3
WIRING THE CONTROLLER
WIRING CONNECTIONS
All wiring connections are made to the rear screw terminals. When wiring the controller, use the numbers on the label and those
embossed on the back of the case, to identify the position number with the proper function.
All conductors should meet voltage and current ratings for each terminal. Also, cabling should conform to appropriate standards of
good installation, local codes and regulations. It is recommended that power (AC or DC) supplied to the controller be protected by a
fuse or circuit breaker. Strip the wire, leaving approximately 1/4" (6 mm) bare wire exposed (stranded wires should be tinned with
solder). Insert the wire under the clamping washer and tighten the screw until the wire is clamped tightly.
CONTROLLER POWER CONNECTIONS
VDC
For best results, the power should be relatively “clean” and
within the specified limits. Drawing power from heavily loaded
circuits or from circuits that also power loads that cycle on and
off should be avoided. It is recommended that power supplied to
the controller be protected by a fuse or circuit breaker.
VAC
INPUT CONNECTIONS
For two wire RTDs, install a copper sense lead of the same gauge and length as the RTD leads. Attach one end of the wire at the probe
and the other end to input common terminal. Complete lead wire compensation is obtained. This is the preferred method. If a sense wire is
not used, then use a jumper. A temperature offset error will exist. The error may be compensated by programming a temperature offset.
RTD and Resistance
Thermocouple and Millivolt
Voltage and Current
CONTROL AND ALARM OUTPUT CONNECTIONS
Main Control Relay Models
Alarm Models
Main Control Logic/SSR Models
*AL1 becomes main control O1, if selected for heating in the
analog out models.
USER INPUT CONNECTIONS
ANALOG DC OUTPUT CONNECTIONS
7
STEP 4 REVIEWING THE FRONT KEYS AND DISPLAY
FRONT PANEL KEYS
The Arrow keys are used to scroll through
The F1 key is pressed to exit (or escape) directly to the
selections/values and in the Configuration
# $ parameter
Loop they are used to scroll to the appropriate
of the Display Loop. While in the Display Loop, the F1
! start
key can be pressed to activate its programmed function.
Parameter Module.
"
The Loop key is pressed to advance to the next
parameter, to activate a changed selection/value, and
when held for three seconds, enter the Hidden Loop.
STEP 5
PROGRAMMING WITHIN THE DISPLAY LOOP
DISPLAY LOOP
Note: Setpoint and Output Power are the only parameters visible in the Display Loop with Factory Settings. The remaining parameters can
be selected for the Display Loop within Module 3
Parameter availability is model and programming dependent.
DISPLAY LOOP
When the " is pressed the controller advances to the next
parameter in the Display Loop. Except for Setpoint and % Output
Power, the bottom display alternates between the parameter
name and its selection/value. The arrow keys are pressed to
change the selection/value for the shown parameter. The new
selection/value is activated when the " is pressed. Display Loop
parameters may be locked out or hidden in Lockout Module 3.
#4. Some parameters are model and programming dependent.
At power up, all display segments light, and then the
programmed input type and the controller’s software version will
flash. Then the Temperature/Process Value is shown in the top
display, and the Setpoint Value is shown in the bottom display.
This is the Display Loop. If the Setpoint is hidden or locked, the
Display Loop will default to Output Power. If Output Power is also
hidden or locked out, the bottom display is blank. During
programming, the F1 key can be pressed to return the controller
to this point. (Only in the Display Loop will the F1 key perform the
user /012 function programmed in Input Module 0.1(.)
8
The values shown for the displays are the factory settings.
SETPOINT VALUE (SP1) *
)&
6
676
INTEGRAL TIME
12,, "
! 086
.555 to 5555
T16
.555 to 5555
T16
DERIVATIVE TIME
P16
-'+, "
!
36
Typically, the controller is operating with the Setpoint value in
the bottom display. There is no annunciator nor parameter
indication for Setpoint in the Display Loop. The parameter name
alternates with the setpoint value in the Hidden Loop. The
Setpoint value can be changed, activated and stored by pressing
the arrow keys. This is the only parameter that can be configured
as read only in the Display Loop, but read/write in the Hidden
Loop. It is possible to store a second Setpoint value that can be
selected in the Hidden Loop, by the F1 key or the user input.
Both Setpoint values are limited by the Setpoint Low and High
Limits in Input Module 0.1(.
6 to 5555
seconds per repeat
Derivative time helps to stabilize the response, but too high of
a derivative time, coupled with noisy signal processes, may
cause the output to fluctuate too greatly, yielding poor control.
Setting the time to zero disables derivative action.
ALARM 1 VALUE
:#.0 "
!
6
676
% OUTPUT POWER *
"&
676
seconds
Integral action shifts the center point position of the
proportional band to eliminate error in the steady state. The
higher the integral time, the slower the response. The optimal
integral time is best determined during PID Tuning. If time is set
to zero, the previous Integral output power value is maintained.
Offset Power can be used to provide Manual Reset.
P16
SETPOINT VALUE (SP2) *
)&
86
876
6 to 5555
.066 to 06676
.555 to 5555
T16
P16
On models with alarms, the value for Alarm 1 can be entered
here. The value is either absolute (absolute alarm types) or
relative to the Setpoint value (deviation and band alarm types.)
When Alarm 1 is programmed for *':, or (;2', this parameter is
not available. For more details on alarms, see Alarm Module <.:#.
The % Output Power is shown with the %PW annunciator.
The parameter name alternates with the % Output Power value
in the Hidden Loop. While the controller is in Automatic Mode,
this value is read only. When the controller is placed in Manual
Mode, the value can be changed, activated and stored by
pressing the arrow keys. For more details on % Output Power,
see Control Mode Explanations.
ALARM 2 VALUE
:#.8 "
!
6
676
OUTPUT POWER OFFSET
"&"/ "
!
676
.066 to 06676
When the Integral Time is set to zero and the controller is in
the Automatic Mode, this parameter will appear after % Output
Power. It is also shown with the %PW annunciator illuminated.
The power offset is used to shift the proportional band to
compensate for errors in the steady state. If Integral Action is
later invoked, the controller will re-calculate the internal integral
value to provide “bumpless” transfer and Output Power Offset
will not be necessary.
.555 to 5555
T16
P16
On models with alarms, the value for Alarm 2 can be entered
here. The value is either absolute (absolute alarm types) or
relative to the Setpoint value (deviation and band alarm types.)
When Alarm 2 is programmed for 4;;# or (;2', this parameter is
not available. For more details on alarms, see the Alarm Module
<.:#.
PROPORTIONAL BAND
&+;& "
!
<76
* Alternating indication only used in the Hidden Loop.
676 to 55575
(% of full input range)
The proportional band should be set to obtain the best
response to a process disturbance while minimizing overshoot.
A proportional band of 0.0% forces the controller into On/Off
Control with its characteristic cycling at Setpoint. For more
information, see Control Mode and PID Tuning Explanations.
9
STEP 6
PROGRAMMING WITHIN THE HIDDEN LOOP
To enter Hidden Loop, press " for 3 seconds.
HIDDEN LOOP
Note: Parameters shown bold are the only parameters visible in the Hidden Loop with Factory Settings. Setpoint and Output Power are
factory set for the Display Loop. The remaining parameters can be selected for the Hidden Loop within Module 3
Parameter availability is model and programming dependent.
HIDDEN LOOP
When " is pressed and held for three seconds, the controller advances to the Hidden Loop. The Temperature/Process Value is
shown in the top display. The bottom display alternates between the parameter and its selection/value. # or $ is pressed to change
the selection/value for the shown parameter. The new selection/value is activated after " is pressed. When ! is pressed, the
controller returns to the Display Loop and stores changed selection/values to permanent memory. Hidden Loop parameters may be
locked out in Lockout Module 3.#4. Some parameters are model and programming dependent.
ACCESS CODE
4;-' "
!
6
is always in tenths of degrees per minute, regardless of the
resolution chosen for the process display. With the P16, the
ramp rate is in least-significant (display units) digits per minute.
A value of 0.0 or 0 disables setpoint ramping. Once the ramping
setpoint reaches the target setpoint, the setpoint ramp rate
disengages until the setpoint is changed again. If the ramp value
is changed during ramping, the new ramp rate takes effect. If the
setpoint is ramping prior to starting Auto-Tune, the ramping is
suspended during Auto-Tune and then resumed afterward.
Deviation and band alarms are relative to the target setpoint, not
the ramping setpoint. A slow process may not track the
programmed setpoint rate. At power up, the ramping setpoint is
initialized at the ambient temperature/process value.
0 to 08=
If the Access Code is set from 1 to 125, in Lockout Module 3.
#4, Access Code will appear here. By entering the proper Code,
access to the Hidden Loop is permitted. With the factory setting
of 0, Access Code will not appear in the Hidden Loop. A
universal code of 111 can be entered to gain access,
independent of the programmed code number.
SETPOINT SELECT
)&)# "
! )&0
)&0
or
)&8
CONTROL MODE TRANSFER
The SPSL function allows the operator to switch from or to,
setpoint 1 and setpoint 2. In the Display Loop, there is no
annunciator indicating the selected Setpoint, however, the
selected Setpoint value is displayed and activated.
,+2/ "
! :>,;
676
to
%)'+
In Automatic Mode, the percentage of Output Power is
automatically determined by the controller. In Manual/User %)'+
Mode, the percentage of Output Power is adjusted manually
while in the Display Loop. The Control Mode can also be
transferred through the F1 Key or User Input. For more
information, see Control Mode Explanations.
SETPOINT RAMP RATE
)&+& "
!
676
:>,;
55575
The setpoint ramp rate can reduce sudden shock to the
process and reduce overshoot on startup or after setpoint
changes, by ramping the setpoint at a controlled rate. R
annunciator flashes while ramping. With the T16, the ramp rate
10
AUTO-TUNE START
,%(' "
!
("
("
ACCESS CODE
4;-' "
!
6
?')
The Auto-Tune procedure of the controller sets the
Proportional Band, Integral Time, Derivative Time, Digital Filter,
Control Output Dampening Time, and Relative Gain (Heat/Cool)
values appropriate to the characteristics of the process. This
parameter allows front panel starting ?') or stopping (" of AutoTune. For more information, see PID Tuning Explanations.
to
.08=
If the Access Code is set from -1 to -125, in Lockout Module
3.#4, Access Code will appear here. By entering the proper
Code, access to the Configuration Loop is permitted (with a
negative Code value, the Hidden Loop can be accessed without
the use of a code). With the factory setting of 0 or with an active
User Input configured for Program Lock (&#"4), Access Code will
not appear here. An active user input configured for Program
Lock (&#"4) always locks out the Configuration Loop, regardless
of Access Code.
ALARMS RESET
:#+) "
! 0.8
.0
0.8
With alarm models, the alarms can be manually reset. The up
key resets Alarm 1 and the down key resets Alarm 2.
STEP 7.0 PROGRAMMING WITHIN THE CONFIGURATION LOOP
CONFIGURATION LOOP
To access the Configuration Loop, press the up key when 4(/&/("
is displayed in the Hidden Loop. The arrow keys are used to select
the parameter module (1-9). To enter a specific module press "
while the module number is displayed. In the Configuration Loop,
4(/& will alternate with the parameter number in the bottom display.
The Temperature/Process Value is shown in the top display.
After entering a parameter module, press " to advance through
the parameter names in the module. To change a parameter’s
selection/value, press the arrow keys while the parameter is
displayed. In the modules, the top display shows the parameter
name, and the bottom display shows the selection/value. Use " to
enter any selection/values that have been changed. The change is
not committed to permanent memory until the controller is returned to
the Display Loop. If a power loss occurs before returning to the
Display Loop, the new values must be entered again.
At the end of each module, the controller returns to 4(/&/(". At this
location, pressing " again returns the display to the the Display
Loop. Pressing the Up key allows re-entrance to the Configuration
Loop. Whenever ! is pressed, '2- momentarily appears as the
parameters are stored to permanent memory and the controller
returns to the Display Loop.
11
STEP 7.1 MODULE 1 - Input Parameters (0.1() T16 Only
PARAMETER MENU
INPUT TYPE
,?&'
,@.A
SELECTION TYPE
tc-t
tc-E
tc-A
tc-K
tc-r
tc-S
tc-b
SETPOINT LOW LIMIT
SELECTION
T TC
E TC
J TC
K TC
R TC
S TC
B TC
tc-N
tc-C
LIN
r385
r392
r672
rLIN
)&#"
6
TYPE
N TC
C TC
The controller has a programmable low setpoint limit value to
restrict the setting range of the setpoint. Set the limit so that the
setpoint value cannot be set below the safe operating area of the
process.
Linear mV
RTD 385
RTD 392
RTD 672
Linear Ohms
SETPOINT HIGH LIMIT
Select the input type that corresponds to the input sensor.
)&*1
5555
TEMPERATURE SCALE
)4:#
B/
USER INPUT FUNCTION (OPTIONAL)
12&,
&#"4
DECIMAL RESOLUTION
SELECTION
6 to 676 for temperature and resistance inputs
6766 for mV inputs
NONE
PLOC
ILOC
trnF
Select whole degrees, or tenths of degrees for Temperature
display, Setpoint values, and related parameters. For Linear
Resistance inputs +#1(, the same parameter selections apply in
ohms or tenths of an ohm. For mV inputs #1(, only hundredths
of a mV resolution is available.
6 = least to < = most
The filter is an adaptive digital filter that discriminates between
measurement noise and actual process changes. If the signal is
varying too greatly due to measurement noise, increase the filter
value. If the fastest controller response is needed, decrease the
filter value.
SHIFT/OFFSET
)*C,
6
FUNCTION
No Function
Program Lock
Integral Action Lock
SELECTION
SPt
SPrP
ALrS
FUNCTION
Setpoint 1 or 2 Select
Setpoint Ramp Disable
Reset Both Alarms
Auto/Manual Select
The controller performs the selected User Input function (User
Input available only on models with alarms), when the User
terminal 1 is connected (pulled low) to Common terminal 8.
No Function: No function is performed.
Program Lock: The Configuration Loop is locked, as long as
activated (maintained action).
Integral Action Lock: The integral action of the PID
computation is disabled (frozen), as long as activated
(maintained action).
Auto/Manual Select: This function selects (maintained action)
Automatic (open) or Manual Control (activated).
Setpoint 1 or 2 Select: This function selects (maintained action)
Setpoint 1(open) or Setpoint 2 (activated) as the active
setpoint.
Setpoint Ramp Disable: The setpoint ramping feature is
disabled, as long as activated (maintained action). Any time
the user input is activated with a ramp in process, ramping is
aborted.
Reset Alarms: Active alarms are reset, as long as activated
(maintained action). Active alarms are reset until the alarm
condition is cleared and triggered again (momentary action).
DIGITAL FILTERING
/#,+
0
.555 to 5555
The controller has a programmable high setpoint limit value to
restrict the setting range of the setpoint. Set the limit so that the
setpoint value cannot be set above the safe operating area of the
process.
B/ Fahrenheit
B4 Celsius
Select either degrees Fahrenheit or Celsius. For linear mV
and ohms input types, this has no effect. If changed, adjust
related parameter values, as the controller does not
automatically convert them.
-4&,
6
.555 to 5555
.555 to 5555 degrees
This value offsets the controller’s temperature display value
by the entered amount. This is useful in applications in which the
sensor cannot provide the actual temperature signal due to
mounting constraints, inaccuracy, etc.
12
The controller performs the selected F1 Key Function, when
! is pressed while in the Display Loop. In any other loop or
module location, pressing ! will perform an escape to the
Display Loop.
No Function: No function is performed.
Auto/Manual Select: This function toggles (momentary action)
the controller between Automatic and Manual Control.
Setpoint 1 or 2 Select: This function toggles (momentary
action) the controller between Setpoint 1 and Setpoint 2.
Reset Alarms: This function can be used to reset one or both of
the alarms when activated (momentary action) The alarm will
remain reset until the alarm condition is cleared and triggered
again.
F1 KEY FUNCTION
/012
("('
SELECTION
NONE
trnF
SPt
FUNCTION
SELECTION
No Function
Auto/Manual Select
Setpoint 1 or 2 Select
A1rS
A2rS
ALrS
FUNCTION
Reset Alarm 1
Reset Alarm 2
Reset Both Alarms
STEP 7.1 MODULE 1 - Input Parameters (0.1() P16 Only
PARAMETER MENU
DIGITAL FILTERING
INPUT TYPE
,?&'
4>++
SELECTION
TYPE
Curr
VOLt
Current
/#,+
0
Voltage
The filter is an adaptive digital filter that discriminates between
measurement noise and actual process changes. If the signal is
varying too greatly due to measurement noise, increase the filter
value. If the fastest controller response is needed, decrease the
filter value.
Select the input type that corresponds to the input signal.
PERCENT ANNUNCIATOR
&4,
("
?') On
(" Off
SCALING
To scale the controller, two scaling points are necessary. Each
scaling point has a coordinate pair of Display Values and Input
Values. It is recommended that the two scaling points be at the
low and high ends of the input signal being measured. Process
value scaling will be linear between and continue past the
entered points to the limits of the input range. (Factory settings
example will display 0.0 at 4.00 mA input and display 100.0 at
20.00 mA input.) Reverse acting indication can be accomplished
by reversing the two signal points or the Display value points, but
not both. If both are reversed, forward (normal) acting indication
will occur. In either case, do not reverse the input wires to
change the action.
This only illuminates the % annunciator. It does not perform
any type of percent function, but is useful in applications that
have been scaled in percent.
DECIMAL RESOLUTION
-4&,
676
6
676
6766
67666
This selection affects the decimal point placement for the
Process value, and related parameters.
DISPLAY VALUE SCALING POINT 1
-)&0
676
ROUNDING INCREMENT
+2670
6 = least to < = most
.555 to 5555
Enter the first coordinate Display Value by using the arrow
keys.
0 to 066
In steps of 1 least significant digit,
regardless of decimal point.
INPUT VALUE SCALING POINT 1
Rounding selections other than 1 cause the process value
display to round to the nearest rounding increment selected. (For
example, rounding of 5 causes 122 to round to 120 and 123 to
round to 125.) Rounding starts at the least significant digit of the
process value. Setpoint values, Setpoint limits, Alarm values,
Input Scaling values, and Analog Scaling values are not affected
by rounding.
1(&0
<766
6766 to 86766
6766 to 06766
mA
V
For Key-in Method, enter the first coordinate Input Value by
using the arrow keys. To allow the P16 to “learn” the signal, use
the Applied Method. For Applied Method, press !. The °
annunciator is turned on to indicate the applied method. Adjust
the applied signal level externally until the appropriate value
appears under 1(&0. Using either method, press " to store the
value for 1(&0. (The controller can be toggled back to the Key-in
Method by pressing ! before ".)
13
DISPLAY VALUE SCALING POINT 2
-)&8
06676
USER INPUT FUNCTION (OPTIONAL)
12&,
&#"4
.555 to 5555
Enter the second coordinate Display Value by using the arrow
keys.
SELECTION
NONE
PLOC
ILOC
trnF
INPUT VALUE SCALING POINT 2
1(&8
86766
6766 to 86766
6766 to 06766
mA
V
Program Lock
Integral Action Lock
SELECTION
SPt
SPrP
ALrS
FUNCTION
Setpoint 1 or 2 Select
Setpoint Ramp Disable
Reset Both Alarms
Auto/Manual Select
The controller performs the selected User Input function (User
Input available only on models with alarms), when the User
terminal 1 is connected (pulled low) to Common terminal 8.
No Function: No function is performed.
Program Lock: The Configuration Loop is locked, as long as
activated (maintained action).
Integral Action Lock: The integral action of the PID
computation is disabled (frozen), as long as activated
(maintained action).
Auto/Manual Select: This function selects (maintained action)
Automatic (open) or Manual Control (activated).
Setpoint 1 or 2 Select: This function selects (maintained action)
Setpoint 1(open) or Setpoint 2 (activated) as the active
setpoint.
Setpoint Ramp Disable: The setpoint ramping feature is
disabled, as long as activated (maintained action). Any time
the user input is activated with a ramp in process, ramping is
aborted.
Reset Alarms: Active alarms are reset, as long as activated
(maintained action). Active alarms are reset until the alarm
condition is cleared and triggered again (momentary action).
For Key-in Method, enter the second coordinate Input Value
by using the arrow keys. To allow the P16 to “learn” the signal,
use the Applied Method. For Applied Method, press !. The °
annunciator is turned on to indicate the applied method. Adjust
the applied signal level externally until the appropriate value
appears under 1(&8. Using either method, press " to store the
value for 1(&8. (The controller can be toggled back to the Key-in
Method by pressing ! before ".)
SETPOINT LOW LIMIT
)&#"
676
FUNCTION
No Function
.555 to 5555
The controller has a programmable low setpoint limit value to
restrict the setting range of the setpoint. Set the limit so that the
setpoint value cannot be set below the safe operating area of the
process.
F1 KEY FUNCTION
/012
("('
SETPOINT HIGH LIMIT
)&*1
55575
.555 to 5555
SELECTION
NONE
trnF
SPt
The controller has a programmable high setpoint limit value to
restrict the setting range of the setpoint. Set the limit so that the
setpoint value cannot be set above the safe operating area of the
process.
FUNCTION
No Function
Auto/Manual Select
Setpoint 1 or 2 Select
SELECTION
A1rS
A2rS
ALrS
FUNCTION
Reset Alarm 1
Reset Alarm 2
Reset Both Alarms
The controller performs the selected F1 key function, when !
is pressed while in the Display Loop. In any other loop or module
location, pressing ! will perform an escape to the Display Loop.
No Function: No function is performed.
Auto/Manual Select: This function toggles (momentary action)
the controller between Automatic and Manual Control.
Setpoint 1 or 2 Selection: This function toggles (momentary
action) the controller between Setpoint 1 and Setpoint 2.
Reset Alarms: This function can be used to reset one or both of
the alarms when activated (momentary action). The alarm will
remain reset until the alarm condition is cleared and triggered
again.
14
STEP 7.2 MODULE 2 - Output Parameters (8."&)
PARAMETER MENU
SENSOR FAIL POWER LEVEL
CYCLE TIME
4?4,
876
"&/#
6
676 to 8=676 seconds
This parameter sets the power level for the control outputs in
the event of a sensor failure. If Alarm 2 is not selected for
cooling, the range is from 0% (O1 output full off) to 100% (O1
output full on). If A2 is selected for cooling, the range is from
-100 to +100%. At 0%, both O1 and O2 are off; at 100%, O1 is
on; and at -100%, O2 is on. The alarm outputs are upscale drive
with an open sensor, and downscale drive with a shorted sensor
(RTD only), independent of this setting. Manual Control
overrides the sensor fail preset.
The Cycle Time is entered in seconds with one tenth of a
second resolution. It is the total time for one on and one off
period of the time proportioning control output O1. With time
proportional control, the percentage of power is converted into
an output on-time relative to the cycle time value set. (If the
controller calculates that 65% power is required and a cycle time
of 10.0 seconds is set, the output will be on for 6.5 seconds and
off for 3.5 seconds.) For best control, a cycle time equal to onetenth or less, of the natural period of oscillation of the process is
recommended. When using the Analog Output signal for control,
the Cycle Time setting has no effect. If the O1 output is not being
used, a cycle time of 0 can be entered to prevent the output and
indicator from cycling.
OUTPUT POWER DAMPENING
"&-&
3
0
CONTROL ACTION
"&:4
+'D
6 to 066 percent O1
.066 to 066 percent O1/O2
[email protected], Direct (cooling)
+'D Reverse (heating)
6 to 8=6 seconds
T16
P16
The Dampening Time, entered as a time constant in seconds,
dampens (filters) the calculated output power. Increasing the
value increases the dampening effect. Generally, dampening
times in the range of one-twentieth to one-fiftieth of the
controller’s integral time (or process time constant) are effective.
Dampening times longer than these may cause controller
instability due to the added lag effect.
This determines the control action for the PID loop.
Programmed for direct action (cooling), the output power will
increase if the Process value is above the Setpoint value.
Programmed for reverse action (heating), the output power
decreases when the Process Value is above the Setpoint Value.
For heat and cool applications, this is typically set to reverse.
This allows O1 or A1 (models with Analog Output) to be used for
heating, and A2/O2 to be used for cooling.
ON/OFF CONTROL HYSTERESIS
4*?)
8
678
OUTPUT POWER LOWER LIMIT
"&#"
6
6 to 066 percent O1
.066 to 066 percent O1/O2
P16
The controller can be placed in the On/Off Control Mode by
setting the Proportional Band to 0.0%. The On/Off Control
Hysteresis (balanced around the setpoint) eliminates output
chatter. In heat/cool applications, the control hysteresis value
affects both Output O1 and Output O2 control. It is suggested to
set the hysteresis band to Factory Setting prior to starting AutoTune. After Auto-Tune, the hysteresis band has no effect on PID
Control. On/Off Control Hysteresis is illustrated in the On/Off
Control Mode section.
This parameter may be used to limit controller power at the
lower end due to process disturbances or setpoint changes.
Enter the safe output power limits for the process. If Alarm 2 is
selected for cooling, the range is from -100 to +100%. At 0%,
both O1 and O2 are off; at 100%, O1 is on; and at -100%, O2 is
on. When the controller is in Manual Control Mode, this limit
does not apply.
AUTO-TUNE CODE
OUTPUT POWER UPPER LIMIT
"&*1
066
0 to 8=6
T16
,@;6
6 to 066 percent O1
.066 to 066 percent O1/O2
6 fastest to 8 slowest
Prior to starting Auto-Tune, this code should be set to achieve
the necessary dampening level under PID Control. This value
allows customization of the PID values that Auto-Tune will
calculate. For the process to be controlled aggressively (fastest
process response with possible overshoot), set the Auto-Tune
Code to 0. For the process to be controlled conservatively
(slowest response with the least amount of overshoot), set this
value to 2. If the Auto-Tune Code is changed, Auto-Tune needs
to be reinitiated for the changes to affect the PID settings. For
more information, see PID Tuning Explanations Section.
This parameter may be used to limit controller power at the
upper end due to process disturbances or setpoint changes.
Enter the safe output power limits for the process. If Alarm 2 is
selected for cooling, the range is from -100 to +100%. At 0%,
both O1 and O2 are off; at 100%, O1 is on; and at -100%, O2 is
on. When the controller is in Manual Control Mode, this limit
does not apply.
15
ANALOG OUTPUT RANGE (OPTIONAL)
:(,&
<.86
6.06 V 6.86
<.86 mA
ANALOG LOW SCALING (OPTIONAL)
:(#"
676
mA
Select the type of output and range. The Analog output
jumpers are factory set to current. They must be changed if
voltage output is desired. The Analog output can be calibrated to
provide up to approximately 5% over range operation (0 mA
current can only go slightly negative).
The Analog Output assignment value that corresponds to 0 V,
0 mA or 4 mA output as selected.
ANALOG OUTPUT ASSIGNMENT (OPTIONAL)
:(:)
"&
"&
12&
SP
.555 to 5555
ANALOG HIGH SCALING (OPTIONAL)
Main Control % Output Power
:(*1
06676
Input Signal Retransmission
Active Setpoint
This setting selects the parameter that the Analog Output will
retransmit or track.
.555 to 5555
The Analog Output assignment value that corresponds to 10
V or 20 mA output as selected. An inverse acting output can be
achieved by reversing the low and high scaling points.
ANALOG UPDATE TIME (OPTIONAL)
:(%,
6
6 to 8=6 seconds
6 = update rate of 0.1 second
The update time of the Analog Output can be used to reduce
excess valve actuator or pen recorder activity.
STEP 7.3 MODULE 3 - Lockout Parameters (3.#4)
PARAMETER MENU
SELECTION
dISP
HIdE
LOC
dSPr
ACCESS CODE
DESCRIPTION
4;-'
6
Display: accessible in Display Loop.
Hide: accessible in Hidden Loop.
.08= to 08=
Locked: not accessible in either loop.
(SP only)
0
Display/read: read only in Display Loop,
but read/write in Hidden Loop.
-1 to -125
1 to 125
Full access to Display, Hidden,
and Configuration Loops
Code necessary to access
Configuration Loop only.
Code necessary to access
Hidden and Configuration Loops.
The following parameters can be configured for
#"4, *1-', and -1)&.
SETPOINT
ACCESS
)&
-1)&
OUTPUT
POWER
ACCESS
"&
-1)&
PID VALUES
ACCESS
&1*1-'
The following parameters can be configured
for #"4 or *1-' only.
ALARM
VALUES
ACCESS
SETPOINT
SELECT
ACCESS
:#
*1-'
SETPOINT
RAMP
ACCESS
CONTROL
TRANSFER
ACCESS
)&+&
*1-'
,+2/
#"4
)&)#
#"4
AUTO-TUNE
START
ACCESS
,%('
*1-'
16
RESET
ALARMS
ACCESS
:#+)
#"4
STEP 7.4 MODULE 4 - Alarm Parameters (<.:#) (OPTIONAL)
PARAMETER MENU
AVAILABLE ALARM ACTIONS
NONE
None
No action, the remaining Alarm
parameters are not available.
d-HI
Deviation High
Alarm 1 and 2 value tracks the
Setpoint value
AbHI
Absolute High
(balanced hysteresis)
The alarm energizes when the Process
Value exceeds the alarm value + 1/2
the hysteresis value.
d-LO
Deviation Low
Alarm 1 and 2 value tracks the
Setpoint value
Band Acting
(inside)
Alarm 1 and 2 value tracks the
Setpoint value
AbLO
The alarm energizes when the Process
Value falls below the alarm value -1/2
the hysteresis value.
b-IN
Absolute Low
(balanced hysteresis)
b-ot
Band Acting
(outside)
Alarm 1 and 2 value tracks the
Setpoint value
AuHI
Absolute High
(unbalanced hysteresis)
The alarm energizes when the Process
Value exceeds the alarm value.
HEAt
Heat (A1 Analog
models only)
If heating is selected, the remaining
Alarm 1 parameters are not available.
AuLO
Absolute Low
(unbalanced hysteresis)
The alarm energizes when the Process
Value falls below the alarm value.
CooL
Cool
(A2 only)
If cooling is selected, the remaining
Alarm 2 parameters are not available.
ALARM ACTION FIGURES
Note: Hys in the above figures refers to the Alarm Hysteresis.
17
ALARM ACTION ALARM 2
ALARM ACTION ALARM 1
:4,0
:>*1
:4,8
:>*1
NONE AbHI AbLO AuHI AuLO
d-HI d-LO b-IN b-ot HEAt
Select the action for the alarms. See Alarm Action Figures for
a visual explanation.
Select the action for the alarms. See Alarm Action Figures for
a visual explanation.
ALARM ANNUNCIATOR ALARM 1
#E,0
2;+
ALARM ANNUNCIATOR ALARM 2
#E,8
2;+
2;+ Normal
+'D Reverse
With normal selection, the alarm annunciator indicates “on”
alarm output 1. With reverse selection, the alarm annunciator
indicates “off” alarm output.
ALARM RESET MODE ALARM 2
+),8
:>,;
:>,; Automatic
#:,@ Latched
In Automatic mode, an energized alarm turns off automatically
after the Temperature/Process value leaves the alarm region. In
Latched mode, an energized alarm requires an F1 key or user
input alarm reset to turn off. After an alarm reset, the alarm
remains reset off until the trigger point is crossed again.
ALARM STANDBY ALARM 2
),F8
("
?') Standby on
(" Standby off
Standby prevents nuisance (typically low level) alarms after a
power up or setpoint change. After powering up the controller or
changing the setpoint, the process must leave the alarm region
(enter normal non-alarm area of operation). After this has
occurred, the standby is disabled and the alarm responds
normally until the next controller power up or setpoint change.
6
676
?') Standby on
(" Standby off
Standby prevents nuisance (typically low level) alarms after a
power up or setpoint change. After powering up the controller or
changing the setpoint, the process must leave the alarm region
(enter normal non-alarm area of operation). After this has
occurred, the standby is disabled and the alarm responds
normally until the next controller power up or setpoint change.
ALARM VALUE ALARM 1
:#.0
:>,; Automatic
#:,@ Latched
In Automatic mode, an energized alarm turns off automatically
after the Temperature/Process value leaves the alarm region. In
Latched mode, an energized alarm requires an F1 key or user
input alarm reset to turn off. After an alarm reset, the alarm
remains reset off until the trigger point is crossed again.
ALARM STANDBY ALARM 1
),F0
("
2;+ Normal
+'D Reverse
With normal selection, the alarm annunciator indicates “on”
alarm output 2. With reverse selection, the alarm annunciator
indicates “off” alarm output.
ALARM RESET MODE ALARM 1
+),0
:>,;
NONE AbHI AbLO AuHI AuLO
d-HI d-LO b-IN b-ot CooL
ALARM VALUE ALARM 2
:#.8
86
876
.555 to 5555
T16
P16
The alarm values are entered as process units or degrees.
They can also be entered in the Display or Hidden Loops. When
the alarm is configured as deviation or band acting, the
associated output tracks the Setpoint as it is changed. The value
entered is the offset or difference from the Setpoint.
.555 to 5555
T16
P16
The alarm values are entered as process units or degrees.
They can also be entered in the Display or Hidden Loops. When
the alarm is configured as deviation or band acting, the
associated output tracks the Setpoint as it is changed. The value
entered is the offset or difference from the Setpoint.
ALARM HYSTERESIS
:*?)
0
670
6 to 8=6
T16
P16
The Hysteresis Value is either added to or subtracted from the
alarm value, depending on the alarm action selected. The same
value applies to both alarms. See the Alarm Action Figures for a
visual explanation of how alarm actions are affected by the
hysteresis.
18
STEP 7.5 MODULE 5 - Cooling (Secondary) Parameters (=."8)
PARAMETER MENU
To enable Cooling in Heat/Cool applications, the Alarm 2 Action must first be set for Cooling. (For P16
Controllers, the cooling output is sometimes referred to as secondary output.) When set to cooling, the output no
longer operates as an alarm but operates as a cooling output. The O2 terminals are the same as A2, however
a separate O2 annunciator indicates Cooling Operation. Cooling output power ranges from -100% (full cooling)
to 0% (no cooling, unless a heat/cool overlap is used). The Power Limits in Output Module 8."& also limit the
cooling power. In applications requiring only a Cooling output, the main 01 output should be used.
DEADBAND/OVERLAP
CYCLE TIME
4?48
876
-F.8
6
676 to 8=676 seconds
This cycle time functions like the O1 Output
Cycle Time but allows independent cycle time for cooling. A
setting of zero will keep output O2 off.
This defines the overlap area in which both heating and
cooling are active (negative value) or the deadband area
between the bands (positive value). If a heat/cool overlap is
specified, the percent output power is the sum of the heat power
(O1) and the cool power (O2). If Relative Gain is zero, the
cooling output operates in the On/Off Control Mode, with the
On/Off Control Hysteresis 4*?) in Output Module 8."& becoming
the cooling output hysteresis. The function of Deadband is
illustrated in the Control Mode Explanations. For most
applications, set this parameter to 0.0 prior to starting Auto-Tune.
After the completion of Auto-Tune, this parameter may be
changed.
RELATIVE GAIN
G:(8
076
.555 to 5555
676 to 0676
This defines the gain of the cooling relative to
the heating. It is generally set to balance the effects of cooling to
that of heating. This is illustrated in the Heat/Cool Relative Gain
Figures. A value of 0.0 places the cooling output into On/Off
Control.
HEAT/COOL RELATIVE GAIN FIGURES
Heat/Cool Deadband = 0
Heat/Cool Deadband < 0
Heat/Cool Deadband > 0
19
STEP 7.5 MODULE 9 FACTORY SERVICE OPERATIONS (5./))
RTD Resistance (T16)
RTD calibration requires a precision 277.0 ohm resistor with
an accuracy of 0.1 Ω (or better). Connect a jumper between
terminals 9 and 10 with a 0 ohm jumper between 9 and 8 at ),&0
and the 277.0 ohm resistor between 9 and 8 at ),&8. If using
thermocouple only, the RTD calibration need not be performed.
PROMPT
[CodE]
[CAL]
[CJC]
[rtd]
[StP1]
[StP2]
CALIBRATION
4;-'
<H
The controller is fully calibrated from the
factory. Recalibration is recommended every two
years by qualified technicians using appropriate
equipment. Calibration may be performed by
using the front panel or with the TP16KIT. The front panel
method is explained below. (Refer to the TP16KIT bulletin for
calibration instructions using TP16KIT cable and software.)
Calibration may be aborted by disconnecting power to the
controller before exiting Factory Service Module 5./). In this
case, the existing calibration settings remain in effect.
Note: Allow the controller to warm up for 30 minutes minimum
and follow the manufacturer’s warm-up recommendations for
the calibration source or measuring device.
[CodE]
[CAL]
[StP1]
[StP2]
[StP3]
[StP4]
[StP5]
PROMPT
[CodE]
[CAL]
[StP1]
[StP2]
[StP3]
[StP4]
[StP5]
[StPA]
[StPb]
FRONT PANEL ACTION
Press $ until
Press # for
<H, press ".
?'), press ".
0.0 mV
After 5 seconds (minimum), press ".
14.0 mV
After 5 seconds (minimum), press ".
28.0 mV
After 5 seconds (minimum), press ".
42.0 mV
After 5 seconds (minimum), press ".
56.0 mV
After 5 seconds (minimum), press ".
[CodE]
[CAL]
[CJC]
PROMPT
FRONT PANEL ACTION
Press $ until
<H, press ".
Press ".
Press # for
Top display to
external
reference
Press ".
Press # for
0.0 ohm
?'), press ".
After 5 seconds (minimum), press ".
277.0 ohm After 5 seconds (minimum), press ".
APPLY
FRONT PANEL ACTION
Press $ until
Press # for
<H, press ".
?'), press ".
0.0 V
After 5 seconds (minimum), press ".
2.5 V
After 5 seconds (minimum), press ".
5.0 V
After 5 seconds (minimum), press ".
7.5 V
After 5 seconds (minimum), press ".
10.0 V
After 5 seconds (minimum), press ".
0.0 mA
After 5 seconds (minimum), press ".
20.0 mA
After 5 seconds (minimum), press ".
Set the controller Analog jumpers to the output type being
calibrated. Connect an external meter with an accuracy of 0.05%
(or better) that is capable of measuring 10.00 V or 20.00 mA to
terminals 6 (+V/I) and 7 (-V/I). The voltage or current calibration
that is not being used must be skipped by pressing " until End
appears.
Cold Junction calibration requires a thermocouple of known
accuracy of types T, E, J, K, C or N (connected to terminals 8 and
9) and a calibrated external reference thermocouple probe
measuring in °C with resolution to tenths. The two probes should
be brought in contact with each other or in some way held at the
same temperature. They should be shielded from air movement
and allowed sufficient time to equalize in temperature. (As an
alternative, the T16 thermocouple may be placed in a calibration
bath of known temperature.) If performing the millivolt calibration
prior, verify that the correct input type is configured in Input
Module 0.1( before performing the following procedure. (After
the millivolt calibration the controller will default to type J.) If using
RTD only, the cold junction calibration need not be performed.
COMPARE
<H, press ".
Press ".
Analog Output Calibration (T16 and P16)
Cold Junction (T16)
PROMPT
Press $ until
Process calibration requires a precision signal source with an
accuracy of 0.03% (or better) that is capable of generating 10.0
V connected to terminals 8 (COMM) and 9 (+10V) and 20.00 mA
connected to terminals 8 (COMM) and 10 (20mA). The current
calibration can be skipped by pressing " at the not applicable
prompts if using the controller for process voltage only.
Millivolt calibration requires a precision voltage source with an
accuracy of 0.03% (or better) connected to terminals 8 (comm.)
and 9 (+). When calibrating the input, the millivolt calibration must
be performed first, then the Cold Junction or RTD Resistance.
APPLY
FRONT PANEL ACTION
Input Calibration (P16)
Millivolt Calibration (T16)
PROMPT
APPLY
EXTERNAL
METER
[CodE]
[CAL]
[CJC]
[rtd]
[ANCL]
[C 0v]
0.00 V
Press # or $ until external meter
matches listing, press ".
C 10v
10.00 V
Press # or $ until external meter
matches listing, press ".
C 0c]
0.00 mA
Press # or $ until external meter
matches listing, press ".
C 20c
20.00 mA
Press # or $ until external meter
matches listing, press ".
Press $ until
20
<H, press ".
Press ".
Press ". (T16 only)
Press ". (T16 only)
Press # for
?'), press ".
Press # or $ to adjust the
bottom display until the top
process display matches the
external reference then press ".
FRONT PANEL ACTION
?'), press ".
RESTORE FACTORY SETTINGS
NOMINAL CALIBRATION SETTINGS
4;-'
II
4;-'
JJ
Press and hold # to display 4;-' II. Press ". The controller
will display +)', and then return to 4(/&. Press ! to return to the
Display Loop. This will overwrite all user settings with Factory
Settings.
Press and hold # to display 4;-' JJ. Press ". Press and
hold # to display 4;-' JJ again. Press ". The controller will
then return to 4(/&. Press ! to return to the Display Loop. This
will not overwrite any user settings but will erase the controller
calibration values. This procedure does not require any
calibration signals nor external meters. This can be used to clear
calibration error flag '.4#.
CAUTION: This procedure will result in up to ±10% reading
error and the controller will no longer be within factory
specifications. For this reason, this procedure should only be
performed if meter error is outside of this range to temporarily
restore operation until the unit can be accurately calibrated.
TROUBLESHOOTING
For further technical assistance, contact technical support.
PROBLEM
CAUSE
REMEDIES
NO DISPLAY
1.
2.
3.
4.
Power off.
1.
Brown-out condition.
2.
Loose connection or improperly wired.
3.
Bezel assembly not fully seated into rear of 4.
controller.
1.
CONTROLLER NOT WORKING 1. Incorrect setup parameters.
'.'8 IN DISPLAY
1. Loss of setup parameters due to noise spike or 1. Press F1 to escape, then check all setup parameters.
other EMI event.
a. Check sensor input and AC line for excessive noise.
b. If fault persists, replace controller.
'.4# IN DISPLAY
1. Loss of calibration parameters due to noise 1. Press F1 to escape, then check controller accuracy.
spike or other EMI event.
a. Recalibrate controller. (See Factory Service Module
code 77.)
b. Reset parameters to factory default settings.
---- or .--- IN DISPLAY
1. Display value exceeds 4 digit display range.
"&'( IN DISPLAY (T16)
1.
2.
3.
4.
Probe disconnected.
Broken or burned-out probe.
Corroded or broken terminations.
Excessive process temperature.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Connect probe.
Replace probe.
Check connections.
Check process parameters.
)'() IN DISPLAY (P16)
1.
2.
3.
4.
Input exceeds range of controller.
Incorrect input wiring.
Defective transmitter.
Internal malfunction.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Check input parameters.
Check input wiring.
Replace transmitter.
Perform input calibration.
"#"# IN TOP DISPLAY
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Input exceeds range of controller.
Temperature exceeds range of input probe.
Defective or incorrect transmitter or probe.
Excessive high temperature for probe.
Loss of setup parameters.
1. Check input parameters.
2. Change to input sensor with a higher temperature range.
3. Replace transmitter or probe.
4. Reduce temperature.
5. Perform input calibration.
%#%#
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Input is below range of controller.
Temperature below range of input probe.
Defective or incorrect transmitter or probe.
Excessive low temperature for probe.
Loss of setup parameters.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
IN TOP DISPLAY
)*+, IN DISPLAY (T16)
Check power.
Verify power reading.
Check connections.
Check installation.
Check setup parameters.
1. Change resolution to display whole number and verify
reading.
2. Defective or miscalibrated cold junction circuit. 2. Perform cold junction calibration.
3. Loss of setup parameters.
3. Check setup parameters.
4. Internal malfunction.
4. Perform Input calibration.
1. RTD probe shorted.
Check input parameters.
Change to input sensor with a lower temperature range.
Replace transmitter or probe.
Raise temperature.
Perform input calibration.
1. Check wiring and/or replace RTD probe.
CONTROLLER SLUGGISH OR 1. Incorrect PID values.
2. Incorrect probe location.
NOT STABLE
1. See PID control.
2. Evaluate probe location.
21
CONTROL MODE EXPLANATIONS
ON/OFF CONTROL
ON/OFF CONTROL - HEAT/COOL OUTPUT FIGURES
The controller operates in On/Off Control when the
Proportional Band is set to 0.0%. In this control mode, the
process will constantly oscillate around the setpoint value. The
On/Off Control Hysteresis (balanced around the setpoint) can be
used to eliminate output chatter. Output O1 Control Action can
be set to reverse for heating (output on when below the setpoint)
or direct for cooling (output on when above the setpoint)
applications.
ON/OFF CONTROL REVERSE OR DIRECT ACTING FIGURES
Note: CHYS in the On/Off Control Figures refers to the On/Off
Control Hysteresis (4*?)) in parameter Module 2.
For heat and cool systems, O1 Control Action is set to reverse
(heat) and the Alarm 2 Action is set to cooling (O2). The
Proportional Band is set to 0.0 and the Relative Gain in Cooling
to 0.0. The Deadband in Cooling sets the amount of operational
deadband or overlap between the outputs. The setpoint and the
On/Off Control Hysteresis applies to both O1 and O2 outputs.
The hysteresis is balanced in relationship to the setpoint and
deadband value.
PID CONTROL
TYPICAL PID RESPONSE CURVE
In PID Control, the controller processes the input and then
calculates a control output power value by use of a modified
Proportional Band, Integral Time, and Derivative Time control
algorithm. The system is controlled with the new output power
value to keep the process at the setpoint. The Control Action for
PID Control can be set to reverse for heating (output on when
below the setpoint) or direct for cooling (output on when above
the setpoint) applications. For heat and cool systems, the heat
(O1) and cool (O2) outputs are both used. The PID parameters
can be established by using Auto-Tune, or they can be Manually
tuned to the process.
22
TIME PROPORTIONAL PID CONTROL
MANUAL CONTROL MODE
In Time Proportional applications, the output power is converted into
output On time using the Cycle Time. For example, with a four second
cycle time and 75% power, the output will be on for three seconds (4 ×
0.75) and off for one second.
The cycle time should be no greater than 1/10 of the natural period of
oscillation for the process. The natural period is the time it takes for one
complete oscillation when the process is in a continuously oscillating
state.
In Manual Control Mode, the controller operates as an open loop
system (does not use the setpoint and process feedback). The user
adjusts the percentage of power through the % Power display to control
the power for Output O1. When Alarm 2 is configured for Cooling (O2),
Manual operation provides 0 to 100% power to O1 (heating) and -100 to
0% power to O2 (Cooling). The Low and High Output Power limits are
ignored when the controller is in Manual.
MODE TRANSFER
LINEAR PID CONTROL
In Linear PID Control applications, the Analog Output Assignment
:(:) is set to % Output Power, "&. The Analog Low Scaling, :(#" , is set
to 0.0 and the Analog High Scaling, :(*1 , is set to 100.0. The Analog
Output will then be proportional to the PID calculated % output power for
Heat or Cooling per the Control Action "&:4. For example, with 0 VDC to
10 VDC (scaled 0 to 100%) and 75% power, the analog output will be 7.5
VDC.
When transferring the controller mode between Automatic and
Manual, the controlling outputs remain constant, exercising true
“bumpless” transfer. When transferring from Manual to Automatic, the
power initially remains steady, but Integral Action corrects (if necessary)
the closed loop power demand at a rate proportional to the Integral Time.
AUTOMATIC CONTROL MODE
In Automatic Control Mode, the percentage of output power is
automatically determined by PID or On/Off calculations based on the
setpoint and process feedback. For this reason, PID Control and On/Off
Control always imply Automatic Control Mode.
PID TUNING EXPLANATIONS
AUTO-TUNE
AUTO-TUNE CODE FIGURE
Auto-Tune is a user-initiated function that allows the controller to
automatically determine the Proportional Band, Integral Time, Derivative Time,
Digital Filter, Control Output Dampening Time, and Relative Gain (Heat/Cool)
values based upon the process characteristics. The Auto-Tune operation cycles
the controlling output(s) at a control point three-quarters of the distance between
the present process value and the setpoint. The nature of these oscillations
determines the settings for the controller’s parameters.
Prior to initiating Auto-Tune, it is important that the controller and system be
first tested. (This can be accomplished in On/Off Control or Manual Control
Mode.) If there is a wiring, system or controller problem, Auto-Tune may give
incorrect tuning or may never finish. Auto-Tune may be initiated at start-up, from
setpoint or at any other process point. However, ensure normal process
conditions (example: minimize unusual external load disturbances) as they will
have an effect on the PID calculations.
Start Auto-Tune
Below are the parameters and factory settings that affect AutoTune. If these setting are acceptable then Auto-Tune can be
started just by performing two steps. If changes are needed, then
they must be made before starting Auto-Tune.
DISPLAY
PARAMETER
tYpE
Input Type
FLtr
Digital Filtering
CHYS
On/Off Control
Hysteresis
tcod
Auto-Tune Code
db-2
Deadband
tUnE
Auto-Tune Access
FACTORY
SETTING
AUTO-TUNE OPERATION
(REVERSE ACTING)
MODULE
tc-A T16
Curr P16
1
2 T16
0.2 P16
[0]
1-IN
[0]
5-O2
[HidE]
3-LC
1-IN
2-OP
2-OP
1. Enter the Setpoint value in the Display Loop.
2. Initiate Auto-Tune by changing Auto-Tune Start ,%(' to ?') in
the Hidden Loop.
Auto-Tune Progress
The controller will oscillate the controlling output(s) for four cycles. The
bottom display will flash the cycle phase number. Parameter viewing is
permitted during Auto-Tune. The time to complete the Auto-Tune cycles is
process dependent. The controller should automatically stop Auto-Tune and
store the calculated values when the four cycles are complete. If the controller
remains in Auto-Tune unusually long, there may be a process problem. AutoTune may be stopped by entering (" in Auto-Tune Start ,%('.
23
PID Adjustments
In some unusual cases, the Auto-Tune function may not yield
acceptable control results or induced oscillations may cause
system problems. In these applications, Manual Tuning is an
alternative.
In some applications, it may be necessary to fine tune the
Auto-Tune calculated PID parameters. To do this, a chart
recorder or data logging device is needed to provide a visual
means of analyzing the process. Compare the actual process
response to the PID response figures with a step change to the
process. Make changes to the PID parameters in no more than
20% increments from the starting value and allow the process
sufficient time to stabilize before evaluating the effects of the new
parameter settings.
PROCESS RESPONSE EXTREMES
MANUAL TUNING
A chart recorder or data logging device is necessary to
measure the time between process cycles. This procedure is an
alternative to the controller’s Auto-Tune function. It will not
provide acceptable results if system problems exist.
1. Set the Proportional Band (&+;&) to 10.0% for temperature
models (T16) and 100.0% for process models (P16).
2. Set both the Integral Time (12,,) and Derivative Time (-'+,) to
0 seconds.
3. Set the Output Dampening Time ("&-&) in Output Module 8."&
to 0 seconds.
4. Set the Output Cycle Time [CYCt] in Output Module 8."& to no
higher than one-tenth of the process time constant (when
applicable).
5. Place the controller in Manual %)'+ Control Mode ,+2/ in the
Hidden Loop and adjust the % Power to drive the process
value to the Setpoint value. Allow the process to stabilize after
setting the % Power. Note: ,+2/ must be set to *E-' in
Parameter Lockouts Module 3.#4.
6. Place the controller in Automatic (:>,;) Control Mode ,+2/ in
the Hidden Loop. If the process will not stabilize and starts to
oscillate, set the Proportional Band two times higher and go
back to Step 5.
7. If the process is stable, decrease Proportional Band setting by
two times and change the Setpoint value a small amount to
excite the process. Continue with this step until the process
oscillates in a continuous nature.
8. Fix the Proportional Band to three times the setting that
caused the oscillation in Step 7.
9. Set the Integral Time to two times the period of the oscillation.
10. Set the Derivative Time to 1/8 (0.125) of the Integral Time.
11. Set the Output Dampening Time to 1/40 (0.025) the period of
the oscillation.
24
Programmer:______________________Date:_________
Controller Number:_______ Security Code:_______
PARAMETER VALUE CHART
OUTPUT MODULE (8."&)
DISPLAY LOOP
DISPLAY
PARAMETER
SP
SETPOINT VALUE SP1
SP
OP
ProP *
SETPOINT VALUE SP2
Intt *
INTEGRAL TIME
dErt *
AL-1 *
AL-2 *
DERIVATIVE TIME
OUTPUT POWER PERCENT
PROPORTIONAL BAND
ALARM 1 VALUE
ALARM 2 VALUE
FACTORY SETTING
USER SETTING
0
676
86
876
676
<76 T16
06676 P16
086 T16
<6 P16
36 T16
< P16
0
0
T16
P16
T16
P16
* Factory Setting places these parameters in the Hidden Loop (set to
Lockout Module 3.#4.
*E-' in
DISPLAY
PARAMETER
CYCt
OPAC
OPLO
OPHI
OPFL
OPdP
CYCLE TIME
CHYS
tcod
AntP
ANAS
ANUt
ANLO
ANHI
ON/OFF CONTROL HYSTERESIS
CONTROL ACTION
OUTPUT POWER LOWER LIMIT
OUTPUT POWER UPPER LIMIT
SENSOR FAIL POWER PRESET
OUTPUT POWER DAMPENING
AUTO-TUNE CODE
ANALOG OUTPUT RANGE
ANALOG OUTPUT ASSIGNMENT
ANALOG UPDATE TIME
ANALOG LOW SCALING
ANALOG HIGH SCALING
FACTORY
SETTING
USER SETTING
2.0
rEv
6
066
6
3 T16
0 P16
2 T16
678 P16
6
<.86
"&
6
676
06676
HIDDEN LOOP
DISPLAY
SPSL
SPrP
trnF
tUNE
PARAMETER
FACTORY SETTING
USER SETTING
SP1
676
:>,;
("
SETPOINT SELECT
SETPOINT RAMP RATE
CONTROL MODE TRANSFER
AUTO-TUNE START
DISPLAY
INPUT MODULE (0.1( ) T16 ONLY
DISPLAY
tYPE
SCAL
dCPt
FLtr
SHFt
SPLO
SPHI
InPt
F1In
PARAMETER
FACTORY SETTING
USER SETTING
tc-A
B/
6
0
6
6
5555
&#"4
("('
INPUT TYPE
TEMPERATURE SCALE
DECIMAL RESOLUTION
DIGITAL FILTERING
SHIFT/OFFSET
SETPOINT LOW LIMIT
SETPOINT HIGH LIMIT
USER INPUT FUNCTION
F1 KEY FUNCTION
tYPE
PCt
dCPt
rnd
FLtr
dSP1
InP1
dSP2
InP2
SPLO
SPHI
InPt
F1In
PARAMETER
INPUT TYPE
PERCENT ANNUNCIATOR
DECIMAL RESOLUTION
ROUNDING INCREMENT
DIGITAL FILTERING
DISPLAY VALUE SCALING 1
INPUT VALUE SCALING 1
DISPLAY VALUE SCALING 2
INPUT VALUE SCALING 2
SETPOINT LOW LIMIT
SETPOINT HIGH LIMIT
USER INPUT FUNCTION
F1 KEY FUNCTION
FACTORY SETTING
Curr
NO
676
670
0
676
<766
06676
86766
676
55575
&#"4
("('
SP
OP
PId
AL
CodE
SPSL
SPrP
trnF
tUNE
ALrS
PARAMETER
SETPOINT ACCESS
OUTPUT POWER ACCESS
PID VALUE ACCESS
ALARM VALUE ACCESS
ACCESS CODE
SETPOINT SELECT ACCESS
SETPOINT RAMP ACCESS
TRANSFER CONTROL ACCESS
AUTO-TUNE ACCESS
RESET ALARMS ACCESS
FACTORY
SETTING
USER SETTING
-1)&
-1)&
HIdE
HIdE
6
#"4
*1-'
#"4
*1-'
#"4
ALARM MODULE (<.:#)
DISPLAY
INPUT MODULE (0.1( ) P16 ONLY
DISPLAY
LOCKOUT MODULE (3.#4)
USER SETTING
ACt1
Lit1
rSt1
Stb1
AL-1
ACt2
Lit2
rSt2
Stb2
AL-2
AHYS
PARAMETER
ALARM 1 ACTION
ALARM 1 ANNUNCIATOR
ALARM 1 RESET MODE
ALARM 1 STANDBY
ALARM 1 VALUE
ALARM 2 ACTION
ALARM 2 ANNUNCIATOR
ALARM 2 RESET MODE
ALARM 2 STANDBY
ALARM 2 VALUE
ALARM 1 & 2 HYSTERESIS
FACTORY
SETTING
USER SETTING
:>*1
2;+
Auto
NO
6
:>*1
2;+
:>,;
("
6
1 T16
670 P16
COOLING MODULE (=."8)
DISPLAY
CYC2
GAN2
db-2
PARAMETER
CYCLE TIME
RELATIVE GAIN
DEADBAND
25
FACTORY
SETTING
2.0
076
6
USER SETTING
26
5./)
=."8
<.:#
3.#4
8."&
0.1(
4(/& "
!
2;
HIDDEN
LOOP
Factory
Service Code
4;-'
Cooling
Cycle Time
4?48
Alarm 1
Action
:4,0
Setpoint
Access
Ends and returns to
start of Display Loop.
)4:#
:(,&
"&
Cooling
Relative Gain
G:(8
Alarm 1
Annunciator
#E,0
Output
Power
Access
"&#"
:(:)
✽
"&*1
:(%,
Heat/Cool
Deadband/Overlap
-F.8
Alarm 1
Reset Mode
+),0
Alarm 1
Standby
),F0
Alarm
Values
Access
:#
)&#"
:(#"
Alarm 1
Value
:#.0
Access
Code
:(*1
Alarm 2
Reset Mode
+),8
Alarm 2
Action
:4,8
Setpoint
Select
Access
)&)#
Analog High
Scaling
4;-'
Analog Low
Scaling
Output Power
Dampening
/012
,@;-
✽✽
,%('
:#.8
Alarm 2
Value
Alarm 2
Standby
Alarm 1 & 2
Hysteresis
:*?)
:#+)
Reset Alarms
Access
✽ - T16 only
✽✽ - P16 only
Auto-Tune
Auto/Manual
Off/On Access
Transfer
Access
,+2/
Auto-Tune
Code
),F8
Alarm 2
Annunciator
#E,8
Setpoint
Ramp Rate
Access
)&+&
1(&0
Input
Value 1
F1 Key
Function
On/Off Control
Hysteresis
4*?)
12&,
User Input
Function
Display
Value 1
✽✽
Advances to the next
module, then changes
parameter selection/value.
-)&0
)&*1
"&-&
Digital
Filtering
/#,+
#$
Setpoint
High Limit
Sensor Fail
Power Preset
"&/#
Rounding
Increment
+2-
✽✽
Enters displayed module,
then advances to the next
parameter.
Setpoint
Low Limit
Output Power
High Limit
Analog Output
Update Time
&1PID
Values
Access
)*/,
Decimal
Resolution
-4&,
Shift/Offset
✽
Output Power
Low Limit
Input
Value 2
Analog Output
Assignment
"&:4
Control
Action
Display
Value 2
1(&8
✽✽
✽✽
✽✽
&4,
Temp
Scale
-)&8
"
Parameter availability is model and program dependent.
!
Percent
Symbol
Analog
Output Range
)&
Cycle
Time
4?4,
Input
Type
,?&'
DISPLAY
LOOP
T16 & P16 PROGRAMMING QUICK OVERVIEW
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27
LIMITED WARRANTY
The Company warrants the products it manufactures against defects in materials and workmanship
for a period limited to one year from the date of shipment, provided the products have been stored,
handled, installed, and used under proper conditions. The Company’s liability under this limited
warranty shall extend only to the repair or replacement of a defective product, at The Company’s
option. The Company disclaims all liability for any affirmation, promise or representation with
respect to the products.
The customer agrees to hold Red Lion Controls harmless from, defend, and indemnify RLC against
damages, claims, and expenses arising out of subsequent sales of RLC products or products
containing components manufactured by RLC and based upon personal injuries, deaths, property
damage, lost profits, and other matters which Buyer, its employees, or sub-contractors are or may be
to any extent liable, including without limitation penalties imposed by the Consumer Product Safety
Act (P.L. 92-573) and liability imposed upon any person pursuant to the Magnuson-Moss Warranty
Act (P.L. 93-637), as now in effect or as amended hereafter.
No warranties expressed or implied are created with respect to The Company’s products except those
expressly contained herein. The Customer acknowledges the disclaimers and limitations contained
herein and relies on no other warranties or affirmations.
Red Lion Controls
20 Willow Springs Circle
Red Lion Controls BV
Basicweg 11b
Red Lion Controls Asia
31, Kaki Bukit Road 3 #06-04/05 TechLink
York PA 17402
NL - 3821 BR Amersfoort
Singapore 417818
Tel +1 (717) 767-6511
Tel +31 (0) 334 723 225
Tel +65 6744-6613
Fax +1 (717) 764-0839
Fax +31 (0) 334 893 793
Fax +65 6743-3360
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