Acer NOTE LIGHT User's Manual

Acer NOTE LIGHT User's Manual
AcerNote Light
User’s Manual
Copyright
Copyright © 1996 by Acer Incorporated. All rights reserved. No part of this
publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a
retrieval system, or translated into any language or computer language, in
any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical,
chemical, manual or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Acer
Incorporated.
Disclaimer
Acer Incorporated makes no representations or warranties, either expressed
or implied, with respect to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any
warranties, merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. Any Acer
Incorporated software described in this manual is sold or licensed “as is”.
Should the programs prove defective following their purchase, the buyer
(and not Acer Incorporated, its distributor, or its dealer) assumes the entire
cost of all necessary servicing, repair, and any incidental or consequential
damages resulting from any defect in the software.
Further, Acer
Incorporated reserves the right to revise this publication and to make
changes from time to time in the contents hereof without obligation of Acer
Incorporated to notify any person of such revision or changes.
Acer is a registered trademark of Acer Incorporated. Microsoft, MS-DOS and Windows are
registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. IBM and OS/2 are registered trademarks of IBM
Corporation. Intel and Pentium are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation. Duracell is a
registered trademark of Duracell Incorporated. Other brand and product names are trademarks
and/or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
ii
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
1.
Read these instructions carefully. Save these instructions for future
reference.
2.
Follow all warnings and instructions marked on the product.
3.
Unplug this product from the wall outlet before cleaning. Do not use
liquid cleaners or aerosol cleaners. Use a damp cloth for cleaning.
4.
Do not use this product near water.
5.
Do not place this product on an unstable cart, stand, or table. The
product may fall, causing serious damage to the product.
6.
Slots and openings in the cabinet and the back or bottom are provided
for ventilation; to ensure reliable operation of the product and to protect
it from overheating, these openings must not be blocked or covered.
The openings should never be blocked by placing the product on a
bed, sofa, rug, or other similar surface. This product should never be
placed near or over a radiator or heat register, or in a built-in
installation unless proper ventilation is provided.
7.
This product should be operated from the type of power indicated on
the marking label. If you are not sure of the type of power available,
consult your dealer or local power company.
8.
Do not allow anything to rest on the power cord. Do not locate this
product where persons will walk on the cord.
9.
If an extension cord is used with this product, make sure that the total
ampere rating of the equipment plugged into the extension cord does
not exceed the extension cord ampere rating. Also, make sure that the
total rating of all products plugged into the wall outlet does not exceed
the fuse rating.
10. Never push objects of any kind into this product through cabinet slots
as they may touch dangerous voltage points or short out parts that
could result in a fire or electric shock. Never spill liquid of any kind on
the product.
iii
11. Do not attempt to service this product yourself, as opening or removing
covers may expose you to dangerous voltage points or other risks.
Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel.
12. Unplug this product from the wall outlet and refer servicing to qualified
service personnel under the following conditions:
a.
When the power cord or plug is damaged or frayed
b.
If liquid has been spilled into the product
c.
If the product has been exposed to rain or water
d.
If the product does not operate normally when the operating
instructions are followed. Adjust only those controls that are
covered by the operating instructions since improper adjustment
of other controls may result in damage and will often require
extensive work by a qualified technician to restore the product to
normal condition.
e.
If the product has been dropped or the cabinet has been damaged
f.
If the product exhibits a distinct change in performance, indicating
a need for service
13. Replace battery with the same type as the product's battery we
recommend. Use of another battery may present a risk of fire or
explosion.
14. Warning! Battery may explode if not handled properly. Do not
recharge, disassemble or dispose of in fire. Keep away from children
and dispose of used battery promptly.
15. Use only the proper type of power supply cord set (provided in your
accessories box) for this unit. It should be a detachable type: UL
listed/CSA certified, type SVT/SJT, rated 6A 125V minimum, VDE
approved or its equivalent. Maximum length is 15 feet (4.6 meters).
iv
Battery Disposal Instruction
In the interest of environmental protection, please dispose of used Lithium
batteries properly, at appropriate collection sites in your country.
Finnish
VAROITUS! Soujellaksesi luontoa ole hyvä ja toimita käytetty Litium-akku
paristojen tai ongelmajätteiden keräyspisteeseen.
Swedish
VARNING!
Explosionsfara vid felaktig batteribyte.
Använd samma
batterityp eller en ekvivalent typ som rekommenderas av
apparattillverkaren. Kassera använt batteri enligt fabrikantens instruksjon.
Danish
ADVARSEL! Beskyt miljøet. Brugte Lithium batterier må ikke blandes med
almindeligt affald. Skal afleveres i batteri opsamlingsbokse eller på
kommunens affaldsplads.
Norwegian
Av hensyn til naturen, ber vi deg kaste brukte Lithium batterier i nærmeste
retur container for batterier.
Battery Information
This notebook is designed to use a Duracell DR35AA Rechargeable Battery.
If you have questions about battery performance, recycling a used battery,
or any other battery-related question, please call Duracell Consumer
Relations at 1-800-551-2355 (9:00 AM - 5:00 PM EST).
v
Canadian Department of Communications
Regulatory Statement
This digital apparatus does not exceed Class B limits for radio noise
emissions from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference
Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
Le présent appareil numérique n'émet pas de bruits radio-électriques
dépassant les limites applicables aux appareils numériques de la classe B
prescrites dans le Réglement sur le brouillage radioélectrique édicté par le
ministère des Communications du Canada.
vi
FCC Class B Radio Frequency Interference Statement
Note:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate
radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to
radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the
equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
1.
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
2.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
3.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected.
4.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for
help.
Notice 1:
The changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to operate the
equipment.
Notice 2:
Shielded interface cables, if any, must be used in order to comply with the
emission limits.
vii
About This Manual
Purpose
This manual discusses the features of the notebook and tells how to use
and configure it.
Manual Structure
This manual consists of six chapters and four appendices:
Chapter 1, Getting Started, discusses the features of the notebook and firsttime operating instructions.
Chapter 2, Operating on Battery Power, tells how to properly use and
maintain battery packs.
Chapter 3, Hardware Options, tells how to connect and install hardware
options.
Chapter 4, Setup, explains how to configure the system with the Setup
utility.
Chapter 5, Travel and Maintenance, tells how to take care of and maintain
the notebook.
Chapter 6, Troubleshooting, lists the steps you can take to resolve a
problem in the event that you have trouble.
Appendix A, Specifications, lists the specifications of the notebook.
Appendix B, Hard Disk Types, is a list of hard disk drive types recognized
by the system BIOS. It also lists hard disk upgrade options.
Appendix C, Address and Interrupt Tables, shows the address and interrupt
tables.
Appendix D, System Utilities, tells how to install and configure the system
utilities.
viii
x
Table of Contents
1
Getting Started
1.1
Overview .............................................................................................. 1-1
1.2
Item Checklist ....................................................................................... 1-3
1.3
LCD Display .......................................................................................... 1-4
1.4
Rear Panel............................................................................................ 1-6
1.5
Left Panel ............................................................................................. 1-8
1.6
Right Panel ......................................................................................... 1-10
1.7
AC Adapter ......................................................................................... 1-12
1.8
Starting the System............................................................................. 1-14
1.9
Interior Features.................................................................................. 1-15
1.10 Keyboard ............................................................................................ 1-17
1.11 Touchpad............................................................................................ 1-22
1.12 Using the Notebook for the First Time ................................................. 1-24
2
Operating on Battery Power
2.1
Battery Pack ......................................................................................... 2-1
2.2
Charging the Battery ............................................................................. 2-3
2.3
Optimizing Battery Life.......................................................................... 2-4
2.3.1
Maximizing Battery Power ........................................................ 2-4
2.3.2
Conditioning the Battery Pack................................................... 2-5
xi
2.4
3
4
xii
Power Management .............................................................................. 2-6
2.4.1
Display Standby Mode .............................................................. 2-6
2.4.2
Fixed Disk Standby Mode ......................................................... 2-7
2.4.3
Suspend Mode.......................................................................... 2-7
2.4.4
System Standby Mode.............................................................. 2-9
2.5
Advanced Power Management (APM)................................................. 2-11
2.6
Battery-low Warning............................................................................ 2-15
Hardware Options
3.1
Additional Memory ................................................................................ 3-2
3.2
Hard Disk Drive Upgrade ...................................................................... 3-4
3.3
External Keyboard or Keypad................................................................ 3-6
3.4
External Monitor.................................................................................... 3-7
3.5
Printer ................................................................................................... 3-7
3.6
External Mouse ..................................................................................... 3-8
3.7
CPU Upgrade........................................................................................ 3-9
3.8
Audio Devices (Optional) .................................................................... 3-12
Setup
4.1
When to Use Setup ............................................................................... 4-1
4.2
Entering Setup ...................................................................................... 4-2
4.3
Basic System Configuration .................................................................. 4-4
4.3.1
Date and Time.......................................................................... 4-5
4.3.2
Floppy Disk Drives.................................................................... 4-5
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.3.3
Fixed Disk Drives ..................................................................... 4-5
4.3.4
Enhanced IDE Features............................................................ 4-5
4.3.5
Num Lock After Boot ................................................................ 4-5
4.3.6
Memory Test ............................................................................ 4-6
4.3.7
Math Coprocessor..................................................................... 4-6
Advanced System Configuration ........................................................... 4-7
4.4.1
Power Management Mode ........................................................ 4-7
4.4.2
Battery-low Warning Beep ........................................................ 4-9
4.4.3
Standby/Suspend Upon Battery-low.......................................... 4-9
4.4.4
Password Check During Resume.............................................. 4-9
4.4.5
Display Device........................................................................ 4-10
4.4.6
LCD Expand Mode ................................................................. 4-11
System Security .................................................................................. 4-13
4.5.1
Floppy Disk Drive Control ....................................................... 4-14
4.5.2
Hard Disk Drive Control .......................................................... 4-14
4.5.3
System Boot Drive Control ..................................................... 4-15
4.5.4
Serial Port Base Address ........................................................ 4-15
4.5.5
Parallel Port Base Address ..................................................... 4-16
4.5.6
Parallel Port Operation Mode.................................................. 4-16
4.5.7
Passwords .............................................................................. 4-17
Load Setup Default Settings................................................................ 4-18
xiii
5
6
Travel and Maintenance
5.1
Traveling with the Notebook.................................................................. 5-1
5.2
Caring for the System ........................................................................... 5-3
5.2.1
System Hardware ..................................................................... 5-3
5.2.2
AC Adapter............................................................................... 5-3
5.2.3
Battery Pack ............................................................................. 5-3
5.2.4
Diskettes................................................................................... 5-4
5.2.5
Cleaning and Servicing............................................................. 5-5
Troubleshooting
6.1
A Checklist............................................................................................ 6-1
6.2
Error Messages ..................................................................................... 6-4
A
Specifications
B
Hard Disk Types
C
Address and Interrupt Tables
xiv
C.1
System Memory Map ........................................................................... C-1
C.2
I/O Address Map .................................................................................. C-2
C.3
Interrupt Levels .................................................................................... C-3
C.4
DMA Channels ..................................................................................... C-4
D
System Utilities
D.1
D.2
Zero-Volt (Hibernation) Suspend Utility ................................................ D-2
D.1.1
ASTDK .................................................................................... D-2
D.1.2
Operating Environment............................................................ D-2
D.1.3
Installation Process.................................................................. D-7
D.1.4
Important ASTDK Notes .......................................................... D-7
Touchpad Utility ................................................................................... D-9
D.2.1
Installing the Touchpad Driver ................................................. D-9
D.2.2
Configuring the Touchpad.......................................................D-10
D.3
Enhanced IDE Driver ..........................................................................D-14
D.4
SVGA Drivers and Utilities ..................................................................D-16
D.5
PCMCIA Utility ....................................................................................D-19
D.6
D.5.1
CardWizard for DOS and Windows 3.x...................................D-19
D.5.2
CardWorks for Windows 95 ....................................................D-20
Audio Driver and Audio Rack Setup (Option).......................................D-21
xv
List of Figures
1-1
Opening the Display.............................................................................. 1-4
1-2
The LCD Display ................................................................................... 1-5
1-3
Rear Panel............................................................................................ 1-6
1-4
Left Panel ............................................................................................. 1-8
1-5
Right Panel ......................................................................................... 1-10
1-6
AC Adapter ......................................................................................... 1-12
1-7
Turning On the Power ......................................................................... 1-14
1-8
Interior Features.................................................................................. 1-15
1-9
Keyboard — U.S. Version ................................................................... 1-17
1-10 Keyboard — U.K. Version ................................................................... 1-17
1-11 Embedded Keypad.............................................................................. 1-20
1-12 Palm Rest ........................................................................................... 1-21
1-13 Touchpad............................................................................................ 1-22
xvi
3-1
Installing Memory.................................................................................. 3-3
3-2
Connecting an External Keyboard or Keypad ........................................ 3-5
3-3
Connecting a Monitor, a Serial Mouse and a Parallel Printer ................. 3-8
3-4
Removing and Installing the CPU........................................................ 3-10
3-5
CPU Speed Settings ........................................................................... 3-11
3-6
CPU Voltage Settings.......................................................................... 3-11
3-7
Connecting Audio Devices .................................................................. 3-12
5-1
Write-protecting a 3.5-inch Diskette ...................................................... 5-4
List of Tables
1-1
LCD Display Configurations .................................................................. 1-4
1-2
Lock Key Descriptions......................................................................... 1-18
1-3
Hot Key Descriptions........................................................................... 1-18
1-4
Windows 95 Key Descriptions ............................................................. 1-20
1-5
Using the Embedded Keypad .............................................................. 1-21
1-6
Touchpad Functions............................................................................ 1-23
2-1
Course of Action for Battery-low Condition .......................................... 2-16
3-1
Memory Configurations ......................................................................... 3-2
4-1
Display Device Settings ...................................................................... 4-10
4-2
Floppy Disk Drive Control Settings...................................................... 4-14
4-3
Hard Disk Drive Control Settings......................................................... 4-14
4-4
System Boot Drive Control Settings .................................................... 4-15
6-1
Error Messages ..................................................................................... 6-4
D-1
ASTDK Parameter Descriptions ........................................................... D-4
D-2
ASTDK Functions................................................................................. D-6
D-3
Tray Icons and Indicated Status ........................................................... D-6
xvii
Appendix
D
System Utilities
This appendix discusses the system utilities1 and how to install them if they
were not pre-loaded at the factory. The system utility diskette(s) include
installation programs for the following utilities:
•
0V Suspend
•
Touchpad
•
Enhanced IDE driver (pre-loaded)
•
SVGA
Other applications include the following:
•
PCMCIA
•
Audio
The following sections discuss these utilities and applications, how to install
them, and how they work.
1
System utilities may differ according to system configuration.
System Utilities
D-1
D.1
Zero-Volt (Hibernation) Suspend Utility
The notebook enters suspend mode when you press the
standby/suspend button (
). Press the power switch to
return to the status prior to entering suspend mode. If you do
not run this program to allocate disk space, this function will not
work. Therefore, it is advisable to run this program before
using the system.
D.1.1
ASTDK
ASTDK creates or removes a hidden file that resides in a contiguous hard
disk area for zero volt suspend/resume operation.
Why does this program need to allocate disk spaces? When most of the
power is removed from the system (e.g., due to suspend button or suspend
timer time-out), the system swaps all memory images and saves all system
status information into these disk spaces. When you resume the system
from suspend mode, the system will return to its previous state. If you do
not run this program to allocate the required disk spaces, this function will
not work.
D.1.2
Operating Environment
ASTDK can be run under any of the environments described below.
D-2
•
DOS 6.0 or later version
•
Windows 3.0 or later version
•
Windows 95
User’s Manual
ASTDK is actually two programs but use the same execution file name,
ASTDK.EXE:
•
•
Running ASTDK from the DOS prompt (in real mode and not from a
Windows 95 DOS window) launches the DOS program.
Running ASTDK from Windows 95 by clicking on the icon or from the
command line in Windows 95 (DOS window) always launches the
ASTDK GUI (graphical user interface).
With the auto-load property, only one instance of ASTDK is allowed to
run in the Windows environment. You may, however, want to work in
real mode from the command line — temporarily change your MSDOS prompt properties sheet to not launch the Windows program, and
instead launch the DOS program.
In whatever environment, ASTDK locates free contiguous disk spaces and
allocates them for storing BASE MEMORY, EXTENDED MEMORY, VIDEO
MEMORY, and SM RAM. The disk spaces found are reserved for system
use and are no longer accessible to the user. If the program cannot find the
required disk spaces, a warning message "Not enough disk space for
allocation" will be shown. The disk may have enough free spaces but these
free spaces exist as small fragments. In this case, you can use tools such
as SpeedDisk (Norton Utilities) or Defrag (DOS 6.0 and above) to compact
your free disk spaces. Then you can run this program again.
When a suspend event occurs, the BIOS saves all system data to an
ASTDK file for the resume operation. Reserved disk space information is
saved in CMOS, and, for self-error correction, the file header for the
reserved disk space is provided to verify the consistency of the CMOS data
and the reserved disk space. With advanced power management (APM),
ASTDK automatically detects and adjusts the ASTDK file to meet the
requirement to backup data for the suspend and resume operation.
Once executed and the ASTDK file created, the system will have the
'Suspend-to-Disk' feature and you do not need to run ASTDK.EXE again
except when data in CMOS is lost or corrupted. (For example, system
configuration changed by adding on-board memory, etc.)
System Utilities
D-3
ASTDK Command Line Syntax in Real Mode
In real mode, the command line syntax of ASTDK is described below.
ASTDK [/[option[=size]]]
The following table lists and describes each option.
Table D-1
ASTDK Parameter Descriptions
Parameter
Description
/HELP or /?
Shows a help screen briefly describing how to use the
parameters.
/CREATE=size
(unit=KB)
Allocates contiguous disk spaces for swapping memory image
and saving system registers. We suggest that you allocate the
required disk spaces before you start using your PC.
You may specify the size of the disk space which you want to
allocate. If the size value you assigned is less than the system
memory size, the program will use the system memory size
instead. The default value is the system memory size. The
program will add additional disk spaces for VIDEO MEMORY,
SM RAM, and HEADER information whose sizes are described in
NOTICE below. If you want to resize the allocated disk spaces,
you have two options:
•
First execute this program with /DELETE parameter
described below and then run this program with this
parameter again;
•
Directly execute ASTDK with this parameter to resize the
needed disk spaces automatically.
If the data in CMOS is lost or corrupted and you run this program
with /CREATE parameter, the program will auto-detect and then
allocate the disk spaces. The program will reallocate the disk
space based on the new size you specify.
/DELETE
D-4
Use this parameter to free the disk space allocated by the
program.
User’s Manual
If you do not specify any option when you run ASTDK in real mode, ASTDK
will show the file creation status and correct the CMOS value, if needed.
ASTDK in Windows 95
Inherited with all functions of the real-mode ASTDK program, the graphical
ASTDK designed for Windows 95 provides the alternatives for users to
custom the ASTDK file size and the drive that holds the ASTDK file.
ASTDK is loaded during the Windows boot section and, hereafter, captures
the APM events. For effective power saving, the ASTDK program should
not be unloaded, otherwise, lose the capability of automatically validating
the ASTDK file, when not exists. With the ASTDK window, user may
reference the on-line help document. The detailed description for ASTDK is
described in the following sections.
ASTDK Functions
ASTDK provides six explicit functions: create, delete, minimize, help, about
and exit. The utility also provides one implicit function that adjusts the
ASTDK file size upon suspend. In addition, tray icons are shown to indicate
the status of save-to-file feature. The ASTDK user interface is shown
below.
System Utilities
D-5
Table D-2
ASTDK Functions
Function
Description
Create
Select this function to create the ASTDK file, which is created as a
system, hidden and read-only file with a formatted file header. This
function is further classified into basic and advanced.
Basic creation automatically creates the ASTDK file. Advanced
creation allows customization of the ASTDK file setting before the
program creates it.
D-6
Remove
Select this function to not only delete the ASTDK file but also to
reset the related CMOS content. You cannot delete the ASTDK file
using only the DOS Delete command. Doing so causes
inconsistencies in the CMOS values.
Help
Select this function to access on-line help. The user can reference
desired topics easily and quickly with the hypertext feature.
Minimize
Select this function to minimize ASTDK.
Exit
Select this function to terminate ASTDK.
About
Select this function to browse the system information about ASTDK.
User’s Manual
Tray Icons
The main screen includes a check box that determines the presence of the
tray icon in the task bar. The tray icon indicates the status of 0-volt
suspend/resume feature, and is updated via polling of the APM status or via
explicitly creating or removing an ASTDK file.
Table D-3
Tray Icons and Indicated Status
Tray Icon
ASTDK file
APM
0-Volt Feature
Normal Icon
Valid
Advanced
Okay
Exclaimed Icon
Valid
Not Advanced
May not work
Exclaimed Icon
Invalid
Advanced
May not work
Stop Icon
Invalid
Not Advanced
Inoperable
File Size Auto-Adjust upon Suspend Function
In cases where APM is enabled: when a suspend event occurs, APM sends
a suspend request to ASTDK via the operating system. ASTDK checks if
the ASTDK file exists.
•
•
D.1.3
If the ASTDK file exists, ASTDK notifies APM that the system is ready
to enter suspend mode. APM then tells the BIOS to tell the system to
enter suspend mode. No extra work is needed for ASTDK.
If the ASTDK file does not exist or if the ASTDK file size is not enough
for the suspend/resume operation, ASTDK automatically creates a new
ASTDK file for the user.
Installation Process
DOS and Windows 3.x
To install ASTDK for DOS and Windows 3.x:
System Utilities
D-7
Run ASTDK.EXE found in the ASTDK subdirectory from system utilities
disk 2, supplied with command parameters previously discussed (e.g.,
astdk /c). Refer to the README.TXT file in the same subdirectory for
details or Table D-1 for a list of the parameters.
You may also choose to copy the ASTDK files to your hard disk drive.
Windows 95
To install ASTDK for Windows 95, execute SETUP.EXE found in the
ASTDK subdirectory of system utilities disk 2 and following the screen
instructions.
D.1.4
D-8
Important ASTDK Notes
1.
If you do not specify any parameter when you run ASTDK under the
DOS prompt and you have already generated the reserved area in
your hard disk, this utility will prompt you with the current size of the
reserved area.
2.
Reserved areas are stored in the format: a system/hidden/read-only file
in the hard disk.
3.
When using the /CREATE parameter for creating reserved disk
spaces, this program adds more values, including VIDEO MEMORY,
SM RAM, HEADER information as well as space for cluster alignment,
to the size value that you assign. Default values for these items are:
VIDEO MEMORY
: 1024KB
SM RAM
: 64KB
HEADER
: 1 sector of the hard disk used
4.
This utility runs under DOS, Windows 3.1 DOS prompt, and Windows
95 DOS prompt environment only. (OS/2 is not supported)
5.
If your hard disk with the reserved area is switched for use on another
machine, you can use the ASTDK command directly on that machine
to make the new system aware of the entry point for the reserved area.
User’s Manual
6.
7.
If the onboard memory size is changed since the last time you
executed this program, please resize the allocated disk spaces by
using either one of the following two methods:
•
Using the /C parameter to release all allocated disk spaces and
then reallocate the appropriate disk spaces automatically
•
Using the /D parameter to reclaim the allocated disk spaces and
then using the /C parameter to create the appropriate disk spaces
Take care when you use ASTDK in a “DBLSPACEd” environment. If
you find that your host drive does not contain contiguous memory for
the reserved area in the hard disk, you can use the following command
to enlarge or reduce the size of the host drive.
DBLSPACE /SIZE[size1 | /RESERVE=size2] drive:
System Utilities
D-9
D.2
Touchpad Utility
The touchpad works with most mouse drivers, but the bundled touchpad
driver supports special functions that work uniquely with the touchpad.
D.2.1
Installing the Touchpad Driver
DOS and Windows 3.x
Follow these steps to install the touchpad driver:
1.
Insert system utilities disk 2 in the diskette drive.
2.
At the DOS prompt, type the following:
C:\> a:\touchpad\inst31
3.
e
Follow the screen instructions to complete the installation.
Windows 95
Follow these steps to install the touchpad driver:
D-10
1.
Click on the Start button and select Settings, Control Panel, then
Mouse to display the Mouse Properties dialog box.
2.
Click the General tab, then click the Change button.
3.
Click on Have Disk and insert system utilities disk 2 in your floppy
drive. Confirm or correct the file path (e.g., "a:\touchpad"), then click
on OK.
4.
Select Synaptics TouchPad and click on OK to copy the driver files.
5.
After the files are copied, the Mouse Properties sheet will show the new
device name. Click on Close.
6.
The System Settings Change dialog box offers to restart your computer
so the new settings can take effect. Select Yes.
User’s Manual
Refer to the readme file in the touchpad driver disk for instructions.
D.2.2
Configuring the Touchpad
You can configure the touchpad through DOS or by using the Touchpad
utility in Windows.
DOS
To see a list of the parameter settings and their descriptions, type the
following at the DOS prompt:
C:\> syntouch\syntouch /?
e
You may run the touchpad driver with these parameters.
Windows 3.x
Follow these steps to configure the touchpad under Windows:
1.
In Windows, double-click on the Control Panel indicator of the Main
program group. The Control Panel window appears.
2.
Double-click on the Mouse utility indicator to configure the touchpad.
The Mouse Control Panel dialog box shows.
System Utilities
D-11
You can configure different aspects of the touchpad including the pointer,
motion and orientation as well as touchpad shortcuts. Refer to the online
help for details.
Windows 95
Follow these steps to configure the touchpad:
D-12
1.
Click on the Start button, then select Settings...
2.
Select Control Panel to display the Control Panel Window.
User’s Manual
3.
Double-click on the Mouse icon and select General.
4.
Select the Options... button to display the Synaptics Touchpad Control
Panel dialog box.
You can configure different aspects of the touchpad including the pointer,
motion and orientation as well as touchpad shortcuts. Refer to the online
help for details.
System Utilities
D-13
Left-handed users may choose to swap left and right buttons. Swapping the
two buttons, however, causes the touchpad to behave differently. Tapping
now brings up the menu instead of selecting or executing the desired icon or
button. In this case, enable the Cornerzone function found in the Touchpad
category setting in the Synaptics Touchpad Control Panel dialog box.
When enabled, tapping on the top right corner of the touchpad selects or
executes the desired icon or button.
D-14
User’s Manual
D.3
Enhanced IDE Driver
The notebook’s hard disk drive uses a PCI interface. This enhanced IDE
driver improves your hard disk overall performance.
DOS and Windows 3.x
Follow these steps:
1.
Insert system utilties disk 2 into the diskette drive.
2.
Type the following at the DOS prompt:
C:\>a:\ide\install
e
The installation program copies the necessary files to your hard disk
drive and displays the IDE setup main screen.
3.
Select Setup DOS driver and press e. The DOS driver setup screen
displays.
If you want to install the Windows driver, you need to setup the
DOS driver first.
4.
In the DOS driver setup screen, you need to specify the correct
VESA/PCI local bus speed; otherwise, it may result in abnormal hard
drive operation.
Select the VESA/PCI Local Bus Speed option and press e. Based on
the table below, select the correct VESA/PCI local bus speed.
CPU Speed
75
100
120
133
(MHz)
PCI Speed
25
33
30
33
(MHz)
You can verify your notebook’s CPU speed through the Advanced
Configuration screen of the BIOS Setup utility. To enter Setup, press
the no-reboot Setup button (
). Then, press } twice to reach page
three.
System Utilities
D-15
The CPU/CLK parameter displays the correct CPU speed. For
example, if the parameter shows Pentium/ 75 MHz, then your PCI
speed is 25 MHz (based on the previous table).
Leave the BIOS Setup utility and make the correct selection.
Do not change any other settings in the IDE DOS driver setup
screen. Refer to the README.TXT file for more details on
each parameter in the DOS driver setup screen.
5.
Press | to save the changes and return to the main screen.
6.
If you want to install the Windows 3.x IDE driver, select the Setup
Windows 3.X Driver option and press e. The program automatically
installs the Windows 3.x driver and returns to the main screen.
Refer to the READWIN.TXT for more details.
7.
Press | to save the changes and exit the setup program.
Windows 95
Refer to the readme file found in the IDE\WIN95 subdirectory of system
utilties disk 2.
D-16
User’s Manual
D.4
SVGA Drivers and Utilities
The SVGA display driver setup program installs the drivers and utility
programs that allow you to take advantage of the onboard VGA chip’s
capabilities.
DOS and Windows 3.x
Follow these steps to install the display drivers:
1.
Insert system utilities disk 1 into the diskette drive.
2.
At the DOS prompt, type:
C:\> a:\setup
3.
e
Follow the screen instructions to complete the installation.
This driver setup program allows you to install display drivers for Windows
applications and a number of DOS-based applications.
Windows 95
Follow these steps to install the display drivers under Windows 95:
1.
System Utilities
Click on the Start button and select Settings....
D-17
D-18
2.
Select the Control Panel icon. The Control Panel window appears.
3.
Double-click on the Display icon. The Display Properties dialog box
appears.
4.
Click on the Settings tab.
User’s Manual
5.
Click on Change Display Type.... The Change Display Type dialog box
appears.
6.
Select Change... from the Adapter Type.
7.
Click on Have Disk... and insert system utilities disk 1 into the 3.5-inch
diskette drive and set the path A:\WIN_95\.
8.
Follow the screen instructions to complete the installation.
System Utilities
D-19
D.5
PCMCIA Utility
PCMCIA cards give you the expansion capabilities that add-on cards
provide for desktop PCs. Such cards include network cards, fax/data
modem cards, audio cards, memory cards, SCSI cards, etc.
The PCMCIA utility initializes the PCMCIA slot (or slots if a PCMCIA slot
module is installed) on your notebook.
D.5.1
CardWizard for DOS and Windows 3.x
If any PC card is currently installed in the PC card slots, remove them.
Then follow these steps to install CardWizard:
1.
Insert the CardWizard disk into the diskette drive.
2.
At the DOS prompt, type:
C:\> a:\setup
3.
e
Follow the screen instructions to complete the installation.
This installation program checks your PCMCIA slots and copies the DOSbased card manager and if needed, the Windows card manager. If the
Windows option was selected, a program group and applications for the
card manager are created in Windows.
To format a flash card, use the MCFORMAT program found in
the CardWorks directory.
At the DOS prompt, type
mcformat /f n:, where n is the drive letter of the flash
card.
D-20
User’s Manual
D.5.2
CardWorks for Windows 95
If any PC card is currently installed in the PC card slots, remove them.
Then follow these steps to install CardWorks:
1.
Insert the CardWorks disk into the diskette drive.
2.
From Windows 95, select the Start button and click on Run. Then
type:
a:\setup
3.
System Utilities
e
Follow the screen instructions to complete the installation.
D-21
D.6
Audio Driver and Audio Rack Setup (Option)
The optional onboard 16-bit stereo audio is the Ess1688 AudioDrive.
Windows 3.x
Follow these steps to install the audio drivers and utilities:
1.
Insert the audio driver installation disk (1 of 3) into the diskette drive.
2.
From the Program Manager, select Run from the File menu pull-down
and type the following:
a:\setup
3.
e
Follow the screen instructions to complete the installation.
To install Audio Rack for Windows 3.11, run SETUP.EXE from the
ARACK.W31 directory in disk 3 of the audio driver installation disks.
Windows 95
Follow these steps to install the audio driver and utilities:
D-22
1.
Select the Start button, then select Settings...
2.
Click on Control Panel to display the Control Panel window.
User’s Manual
3.
Double-click on the Add New Hardware icon to run the Add New
Hardware Wizard program. Click on Next>, the following dialog box
appears.
4.
Select No and click on Next>. The following dialog box appears.
System Utilities
D-23
5.
Select Sound, video and game controllers and click on Next>. The
following dialog box appears.
6.
Select ESS Technology, Inc. from the Manufacturer list and select ESS
ES1688 Plug And Play AudioDrive from the Model list. Then click on
Have Disk.... The following dialog box appears.
7.
Insert the audio driver installation disk (disk 3). Then set the path to
A:\WIN95.DRV and click on OK.
The installation program copies the necessary files to your hard disk drive
and makes the necessary changes to your system settings. The system
then reboots to enable the drivers.
To install Audio Rack for Windows 95, run SETUP.EXE from the
ARACK.W95 directory in disk 3 of the audio driver installation disks.
D-24
User’s Manual
Light Pentium Notebook
User’s Manual
Copyright
Copyright © 1996 by this company. All rights reserved. No part of this
publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a
retrieval system, or translated into any language or computer language, in
any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical,
chemical, manual or otherwise, without the prior written permission of this
company.
Disclaimer
This company makes no representations or warranties, either expressed or
implied, with respect to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any
warranties, merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. Any
software described in this manual is sold or licensed “as is”. Should the
programs prove defective following their purchase, the buyer (and not this
company, its distributor, or its dealer) assumes the entire cost of all
necessary servicing, repair, and any incidental or consequential damages
resulting from any defect in the software. Further, this company reserves
the right to revise this publication and to make changes from time to time in
the contents hereof without obligation of this company to notify any person
of such revision or changes.
Microsoft, MS-DOS, Windows and Windows 95 are registered trademarks of Microsoft
Corporation. IBM and OS/2 are registered trademarks of IBM Corporation. Intel and Pentium are
registered trademarks of Intel Corporation. Duracell is a registered trademark of Duracell
Incorporated. Other brand and product names are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of their
respective companies.
ii
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
1.
Read these instructions carefully. Save these instructions for future
reference.
2.
Follow all warnings and instructions marked on the product.
3.
Unplug this product from the wall outlet before cleaning. Do not use
liquid cleaners or aerosol cleaners. Use a damp cloth for cleaning.
4.
Do not use this product near water.
5.
Do not place this product on an unstable cart, stand, or table. The
product may fall, causing serious damage to the product.
6.
Slots and openings in the cabinet and the back or bottom are provided
for ventilation; to ensure reliable operation of the product and to protect
it from overheating, these openings must not be blocked or covered.
The openings should never be blocked by placing the product on a
bed, sofa, rug, or other similar surface. This product should never be
placed near or over a radiator or heat register, or in a built-in
installation unless proper ventilation is provided.
7.
This product should be operated from the type of power indicated on
the marking label. If you are not sure of the type of power available,
consult your dealer or local power company.
8.
Do not allow anything to rest on the power cord. Do not locate this
product where persons will walk on the cord.
9.
If an extension cord is used with this product, make sure that the total
ampere rating of the equipment plugged into the extension cord does
not exceed the extension cord ampere rating. Also, make sure that the
total rating of all products plugged into the wall outlet does not exceed
the fuse rating.
10. Never push objects of any kind into this product through cabinet slots
as they may touch dangerous voltage points or short out parts that
could result in a fire or electric shock. Never spill liquid of any kind on
the product.
iii
11. Do not attempt to service this product yourself, as opening or removing
covers may expose you to dangerous voltage points or other risks.
Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel.
12. Unplug this product from the wall outlet and refer servicing to qualified
service personnel under the following conditions:
a.
When the power cord or plug is damaged or frayed
b.
If liquid has been spilled into the product
c.
If the product has been exposed to rain or water
d.
If the product does not operate normally when the operating
instructions are followed. Adjust only those controls that are
covered by the operating instructions since improper adjustment
of other controls may result in damage and will often require
extensive work by a qualified technician to restore the product to
normal condition.
e.
If the product has been dropped or the cabinet has been damaged
f.
If the product exhibits a distinct change in performance, indicating
a need for service
13. Replace battery with the same type as the product's battery we
recommend. Use of another battery may present a risk of fire or
explosion.
14. Warning! Battery may explode if not handled properly. Do not
recharge, disassemble or dispose of in fire. Keep away from children
and dispose of used battery promptly.
15. Use only the proper type of power supply cord set (provided in your
accessories box) for this unit. It should be a detachable type: UL
listed/CSA certified, type SVT/SJT, rated 6A 125V minimum, VDE
approved or its equivalent. Maximum length is 15 feet (4.6 meters).
iv
Battery Disposal Instruction
In the interest of environmental protection, please dispose of used Lithium
batteries properly, at appropriate collection sites in your country.
Finnish
VAROITUS! Soujellaksesi luontoa ole hyvä ja toimita käytetty Litium-akku
paristojen tai ongelmajätteiden keräyspisteeseen.
Swedish
VARNING!
Explosionsfara vid felaktig batteribyte.
Använd samma
batterityp eller en ekvivalent typ som rekommenderas av
apparattillverkaren. Kassera använt batteri enligt fabrikantens instruksjon.
Danish
ADVARSEL! Beskyt miljøet. Brugte Lithium batterier må ikke blandes med
almindeligt affald. Skal afleveres i batteri opsamlingsbokse eller på
kommunens affaldsplads.
Norwegian
Av hensyn til naturen, ber vi deg kaste brukte Lithium batterier i nærmeste
retur container for batterier.
Battery Information
This notebook is designed to use a Duracell DR35AA Rechargeable Battery.
If you have questions about battery performance, recycling a used battery,
or any other battery-related question, please call Duracell Consumer
Relations at 1-800-551-2355 (9:00 AM - 5:00 PM EST).
v
Canadian Department of Communications
Regulatory Statement
This digital apparatus does not exceed Class B limits for radio noise
emissions from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference
Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
Le présent appareil numérique n'émet pas de bruits radio-électriques
dépassant les limites applicables aux appareils numériques de la classe B
prescrites dans le Réglement sur le brouillage radioélectrique édicté par le
ministère des Communications du Canada.
vi
FCC Class B Radio Frequency Interference Statement
Note:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate
radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to
radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the
equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
1.
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
2.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
3.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected.
4.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for
help.
Notice 1:
The changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to operate the
equipment.
Notice 2:
Shielded interface cables, if any, must be used in order to comply with the
emission limits.
vii
About This Manual
Purpose
This manual discusses the features of the notebook and tells how to use
and configure it.
Manual Structure
This manual consists of six chapters and four appendices:
Chapter 1, Getting Started, discusses the features of the notebook and firsttime operating instructions.
Chapter 2, Operating on Battery Power, tells how to properly use and
maintain battery packs.
Chapter 3, Hardware Options, tells how to connect and install hardware
options.
Chapter 4, SETUP, explains how to configure the system with the Setup
utility.
Chapter 5, Travel and Maintenance, tells how to take care of and maintain
the notebook.
Chapter 6, Troubleshooting, lists the steps you can take to resolve a
problem in the event that you have trouble.
Appendix A, Specifications, lists the specifications of the notebook.
Appendix B, Hard Disk Types, is a list of hard disk drive types recognized
by the system BIOS. It also lists hard disk upgrade options.
Appendix C, Address and Interrupt Tables, shows the address and interrupt
tables.
Appendix D, System Utilities, tells how to install and configure the system
utilities.
viii
x
Table of Contents
1
Getting Started
1.1
Overview .............................................................................................. 1-1
1.2
Item Checklist ....................................................................................... 1-3
1.3
LCD Display .......................................................................................... 1-4
1.4
Rear Panel............................................................................................ 1-6
1.5
Left Panel ............................................................................................. 1-8
1.6
Right Panel ......................................................................................... 1-10
1.7
AC Adapter ......................................................................................... 1-12
1.8
Starting the System............................................................................. 1-14
1.9
Interior Features.................................................................................. 1-15
1.10 Keyboard ............................................................................................ 1-17
1.11 Touchpad............................................................................................ 1-22
1.12 Using the Notebook for the First Time ................................................. 1-24
2
Operating on Battery Power
2.1
Battery Pack ......................................................................................... 2-1
2.2
Charging the Battery ............................................................................. 2-3
2.3
Optimizing Battery Life.......................................................................... 2-4
2.3.1
Maximizing Battery Power ........................................................ 2-4
2.3.2
Conditioning the Battery Pack................................................... 2-5
xi
2.4
3
4
xii
Power Management .............................................................................. 2-6
2.4.1
Display Standby Mode .............................................................. 2-6
2.4.2
Fixed Disk Standby Mode ......................................................... 2-7
2.4.3
Suspend Mode.......................................................................... 2-7
2.4.4
System Standby Mode.............................................................. 2-9
2.5
Advanced Power Management (APM)................................................. 2-11
2.6
Battery-low Warning............................................................................ 2-15
Hardware Options
3.1
Additional Memory ................................................................................ 3-2
3.2
Hard Disk Drive Upgrade ...................................................................... 3-4
3.3
External Keyboard or Keypad................................................................ 3-6
3.4
External Monitor.................................................................................... 3-7
3.5
Printer ................................................................................................... 3-7
3.6
External Mouse ..................................................................................... 3-8
3.7
CPU Upgrade........................................................................................ 3-9
3.8
Audio Devices (Optional) .................................................................... 3-12
Setup
4.1
When to Use Setup ............................................................................... 4-1
4.2
Entering Setup ...................................................................................... 4-2
4.3
Basic System Configuration .................................................................. 4-4
4.3.1
Date and Time.......................................................................... 4-5
4.3.2
Floppy Disk Drives.................................................................... 4-5
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.3.3
Fixed Disk Drives ..................................................................... 4-5
4.3.4
Enhanced IDE Features............................................................ 4-5
4.3.5
Num Lock After Boot ................................................................ 4-5
4.3.6
Memory Test ............................................................................ 4-6
4.3.7
Math Coprocessor..................................................................... 4-6
Advanced System Configuration ........................................................... 4-7
4.4.1
Power Management Mode ........................................................ 4-7
4.4.2
Battery-low Warning Beep ........................................................ 4-9
4.4.3
Standby/Suspend Upon Battery-low.......................................... 4-9
4.4.4
Password Check During Resume.............................................. 4-9
4.4.5
Display Device........................................................................ 4-10
4.4.6
LCD Expand Mode ................................................................. 4-11
System Security .................................................................................. 4-13
4.5.1
Floppy Disk Drive Control ....................................................... 4-14
4.5.2
Hard Disk Drive Control .......................................................... 4-14
4.5.3
System Boot Drive Control ..................................................... 4-15
4.5.4
Serial Port Base Address ........................................................ 4-15
4.5.5
Parallel Port Base Address ..................................................... 4-16
4.5.6
Parallel Port Operation Mode.................................................. 4-16
4.5.7
Passwords .............................................................................. 4-17
Load Setup Default Settings................................................................ 4-18
xiii
5
6
Travel and Maintenance
5.1
Traveling with the Notebook.................................................................. 5-1
5.2
Caring for the System ........................................................................... 5-3
5.2.1
System Hardware ..................................................................... 5-3
5.2.2
AC Adapter............................................................................... 5-3
5.2.3
Battery Pack ............................................................................. 5-3
5.2.4
Diskettes................................................................................... 5-4
5.2.5
Cleaning and Servicing............................................................. 5-5
Troubleshooting
6.1
A Checklist............................................................................................ 6-1
6.2
Error Messages ..................................................................................... 6-4
A
Specifications
B
Hard Disk Types
C
Address and Interrupt Tables
xiv
C.1
System Memory Map ........................................................................... C-1
C.2
I/O Address Map .................................................................................. C-2
C.3
Interrupt Levels .................................................................................... C-3
C.4
DMA Channels ..................................................................................... C-4
D
System Utilities
D.1
D.2
Zero-Volt (Hibernation) Suspend Utility ................................................ D-2
D.1.1
ASTDK .................................................................................... D-2
D.1.2
Operating Environment............................................................ D-2
D.1.3
Installation Process.................................................................. D-7
D.1.4
Important ASTDK Notes .......................................................... D-7
Touchpad Utility ................................................................................... D-9
D.2.1
Installing the Touchpad Driver ................................................. D-9
D.2.2
Configuring the Touchpad.......................................................D-10
D.3
Enhanced IDE Driver ..........................................................................D-14
D.4
SVGA Drivers and Utilities ..................................................................D-16
D.5
PCMCIA Utility ....................................................................................D-19
D.6
D.5.1
CardWizard for DOS and Windows 3.x...................................D-19
D.5.2
CardWorks for Windows 95 ....................................................D-20
Audio Driver and Audio Rack Setup (Option).......................................D-21
xv
List of Tables
1-1
LCD Display Configurations .................................................................. 1-4
1-2
Lock Key Descriptions......................................................................... 1-18
1-3
Hot Key Descriptions........................................................................... 1-18
1-4
Windows 95 Key Descriptions ............................................................. 1-20
1-5
Using the Embedded Keypad .............................................................. 1-21
1-6
Touchpad Functions............................................................................ 1-23
2-1
Course of Action for Battery-low Condition .......................................... 2-16
3-1
Memory Configurations ......................................................................... 3-2
4-1
Display Device Settings ...................................................................... 4-10
4-2
Floppy Disk Drive Control Settings...................................................... 4-14
4-3
Hard Disk Drive Control Settings......................................................... 4-14
4-4
System Boot Drive Control Settings .................................................... 4-15
6-1
Error Messages ..................................................................................... 6-4
D-1
ASTDK Parameter Descriptions ........................................................... D-4
D-2
ASTDK Functions................................................................................. D-6
D-3
Tray Icons and Indicated Status ........................................................... D-6
xvii
Chapter
1
Getting Started
This chapter introduces the notebook and gives first-time operating
instructions.
1.1
Overview
Thank you for purchasing this notebook computer. Whether you’re an
enthusiastic beginner or a power user, this notebook has it all. On the road,
at the office, or in the comfort of your home, this notebook is the ideal
computing companion for all your personal and business needs.
This notebook supports high-end Pentium™ processors, packing the power
of a desktop PC into a slim and lightweight notebook. Combining
performance, versatility, and a host of advanced power-management
features, it helps you work with unmatched productivity and ease.
The easy-to-open modular housing design makes system upgrades easy.
The innovative use of latches, grooves, and sliding compartments makes it
easy to upgrade the memory and hard disk. The hard disk, keyboard and
battery pack are easy to install and remove, thanks to the unique housing.
An ergonomic design feature includes a palm rest located below the fullsize keyboard that provides typing comfort in any work environment. The
touchpad, centrally located in the palm rest, responds to precise finger
movements, making it easy to control cursor movement under graphical
user environments like Windows.
Getting Started
1-1
This system supports plug-and-play PCMCIA technology with a built-in type
III slot that allows the simultaneous use of two type II or one type III PC
card. The PCMCIA interface allows you to use credit-card-sized fax/data
modem cards, SRAM cards, 1.8-inch removable hard disks, audio cards,
SCSI interface cards and other devices. Thus, you enjoy benefits similar to
those of add-on cards in desktop PCs.
Another important feature is the high-performance graphics display using a
graphics accelerator and 1MB video RAM. This notebook supports a large
DualScan STN color or TFT color LCD, offering excellent display quality
and brilliant colors. This notebook can also connect to an external ultraVGA monitor. You can even connect an LCD projection panel for largeaudience presentations. Both DSTN and TFT color models support
simultaneous VGA display on the LCD and external video device.
Advanced power management features such as automatic LCD and hard
disk power-down, system standby and suspend modes enable this notebook
to conserve battery power. The notebook houses an easily-available
Duracell-standard battery pack. It has an audible battery-low warning
feature that reminds you to recharge your battery. The battery is recharged
while the notebook is in use with the AC adapter. You can fast charge the
battery by powering off the notebook.
This notebook also supports a PCI local-bus architecture to enhance system
performance. Onboard 16-bit stereo audio is an option.
All of these exciting features are packed into a compact notebook,
integrating a modular design philosophy which means upgradeability,
flexibility and portability. Read on to find out more about your new
computing companion.
1-2
User’s Manual
1.2
Item Checklist
Remove all items from the carton and save the packing materials for future
use. If any of the following items are missing or damaged, contact your
dealer immediately.
•
•
•
•
The notebook computer
AC adapter (includes power cord)
Battery pack (Duracell-standard)
Documentation
Optional accessories1 available include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1
2
4-/8-/16-MB RAM modules (standard and EDO)
External numeric keypad
Bundled application software documentation
System utilities diskettes2
PCMCIA fax/data modem card
External battery charger/discharger
Additional battery pack
Additional AC adapter
File transfer (interlink) cable
Optional accessories may differ from area to area.
Refer to the README files of the system utilities in their respective subdirectories for information.
Getting Started
1-3
1.3
LCD Display
This notebook supports four different LCD display configurations1 as shown
in Table 1-1.
Table 1-1
LCD Display Configurations
Type
Size
Resolution
DualScan STN color (passive matrix)
10.4-inch
640 x 480, 64K colors, VGA
DualScan STN color (passive matrix)
10.4-inch
800 x 600, 256 colors, SVGA
TFT color (active matrix)
10.4-inch
640 x 480, 64K colors, VGA
TFT color (active matrix)
10.4-inch
800 x 600, 256 colors, SVGA
Open the display by sliding the cover latch to the right as shown in Figure
1-1. Lift the display and tilt it to a comfortable viewing position.
Figure 1-1
1
1-4
Opening the Display
LCD display configurations may differ from area to area.
User’s Manual
A microswitch, located near the LCD hinge, detects the opening and closing
of the LCD display. The LCD backlight goes off when you close the display
without turning off the system power. Reopening the display turns on the
backlight again.
Microswitch
Figure 1-2
The LCD Display
To close the display, fold it down gently until the cover latch clicks into
place.
To avoid damaging the display, do not slam it when closing.
Do not place any object on top of the notebook when the
display is closed.
The LCD power-saving feature turns off the LCD after a preset
period of inactivity to reduce power consumption. See section
2.4.1 for details.
Getting Started
1-5
1.4
Rear Panel
The peripheral connectors are located in the rear panel as shown in Figure
1-3. Open the port cover to access the CRT, parallel and serial ports.
Other ports include the audio (if it is equipped), external PS/2 and DC-in
ports.
1 2
1
2
3
4
5
DC-in port
External PS/2 port
Security notch
External CRT port
Serial port
Figure 1-3
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
6
78 9
Parallel port
1
Line-in port
1
Microphone-in port
1
Line-out port
Rear Panel
Rear Panel Features
DC-in port This connects the AC adapter.
External PS/2 port This connects an external PS/2-type keyboard, keypad, mouse or trackball.
Security notch This connects a computer security lock system.
External CRT port This connects an external monitor.
Serial port This connects a mouse, modem, scanner, or other
serial device.
Parallel port This connects a printer, pocket LAN, or other
1
1-6
These ports are present if the notebook is equipped with onboard audio.
User’s Manual
parallel device.
Getting Started
1-7
The following are optional ports:
Line-in port This connects to the audio line-out port of an
audio line-in device like a CD player, stereo walkman or
synthesizer.
Microphone in port This connects a microphone (3.5mm minijack).
Line-out port This connects headphones or amplified speakers.
See Chapter 3 for details on how to connect external devices.
Security Notch
The notebook’s security notch lets you physically secure the computer.
Circle a computer security lock cable
around an immovable object such as
a table or drawer handle. Insert the
lock into the notch and turn the key
to secure the lock.
1-8
User’s Manual
1.5
Left Panel
The left panel has a PCMCIA Type III slot and removable hard disk drive.
1
2
1
2
PCMCIA Type III slot
Removable hard disk drive (underside)
Figure 1-4
Left Panel
Left Panel Features
PCMCIA
PCMCIA support enables you to use
credit-card-sized PC cards similar to
add-on cards for desktop computers,
thus enhancing the usability and
expandability of this notebook. In this
slot, you can insert one type III or two
type I/II card.
Getting Started
1-9
The system supports PCMCIA cards such as fax/data modem, LAN, audio,
SCSI cards and ATA drives. Memory cards include flash memory and
SRAM. Before using the slot, you need to load the PCMCIA driver which
initializes and prepares the slots for use. Refer to the PCMCIA driver utility
information in Appendix D for more details.
Removable Hard Disk Drive
The notebook supports a high-capacity, 12.5mm-high, 2.5-inch hard disk
drive that is easy to upgrade. See section 3.2 for details.
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User’s Manual
1.6
Right Panel
The battery and internal diskette drive are located in the right panel.
3
1
1
2
3
Battery compartment
Battery cover release latch
Internal diskette drive
Figure 1-5
Getting Started
2
Right Panel
1-11
Right Panel Features
Battery Compartment
The battery compartment houses a nickel metal-hydride (NiMH) battery
pack. Follow these steps to install the battery pack:
1. Press the battery cover release
latch and slide the cover out.
2. Insert the battery pack into the
battery compartment (with the
connector-side up).
3. Replace the battery compartment
cover.
Internal Diskette Drive
The notebook houses an internal 3.5-inch, 1.44MB diskette drive.
For smoother diskette drive operation, do not block the drive
slot when pressing the slot button to eject a floppy disk.
1-12
User’s Manual
1.7
AC Adapter
The AC adapter accepts input voltage ranging from 100V to 240V at a
frequency range of 47Hz to 63Hz.
AC Adapter
Power cord
Figure 1-6
AC Adapter
The AC adapter LED lights up when power is supplied to the AC adapter.
1. Do not use the AC adapter or the battery pack with other
notebooks or any other devices.
2. Do not use other AC adapters and battery packs not
specifically designed for this system.
3. Unplug the AC adapter by pulling on the connector, not the
cord. Pulling on the cord may damage the connections
inside the connector.
Getting Started
1-13
Connecting the AC Adapter
Follow these steps to connect the AC adapter:
1. Plug the power cord into the AC
adapter.
2. Connect the power cord to a power
outlet.
3. Connect the AC adapter to the
notebook.
1-14
User’s Manual
1.8
Starting the System
Figure 1-7 shows the location of the power on/off switch (
). Press this
toggle switch to turn the notebook on and off. The power indicator (a green
LED found to the left of the power switch) lights up when you turn on the
notebook.
Figure 1-7
Turning On the Power
The notebook runs a series of power-on self-tests (POST) and displays
POST messages. Next, copyright and other messages appear on the
screen followed by the DOS prompt or Windows 95 loading if it is installed.
If you get an error message or the DOS prompt does not appear, see
Chapter 6 for assistance.
Avoid turning the notebook on and off in intervals of less than
five seconds between power on and off, as this may damage
your hard disk drive.
Getting Started
1-15
1.9
Interior Features
Figure 1-8 shows the location of the control buttons, status indicators and
other interior features.
Standby/Suspend button
No-reboot Setup button
Battery charging indicator
Power indicator
Power switch
Status indicators
1
Built-in buzzer or speaker
Figure 1-8
Interior Features
Control Buttons
Power switch This toggles the system power on and off.
No-reboot Setup button This enables you to access the Advanced
Configuration screens of the Setup utility without rebooting.
Standby/Suspend button This enables the notebook to enter
standby or suspend mode. See section 2.4 for details.
1
1-16
A built-in speaker is present if the notebook is equipped with onboard audio; otherwise a buzzer is
installed.
User’s Manual
Status Indicators
Battery charging indicator
charging.
It lights up when the battery is
Power indicator This lights up when power is applied to the
notebook, and flashes when the notebook is in a battery-low
condition.
Standby mode indicator
standby mode.
This lights up when the system is in
Hard disk drive activity indicator This lights up when the system
accesses the hard disk drive.
Num Lock indicator This lights up when the Num Lock function is
activated.
Caps Lock indicator This lights up when the Caps Lock function is
activated.
Getting Started
1-17
1.10
Keyboard
The keyboard has full-sized keys, including an embedded keypad, separate
cursor keys, twelve function keys and two Windows 95 keys.
1-18
Figure 1-9
Keyboard — U.S. Version
Figure 1-10
Keyboard — U.K. Version
User’s Manual
Lock Keys
The keyboard has three lock keys which you can toggle on and off. When
you activate a lock key, the corresponding LED lights up.
Table 1-2
Lock Key Descriptions
Key
Description
@
When the Caps Lock indicator is on, all alphabetic characters typed
are in uppercase.
-[
When the Scroll Lock indicator is on, the screen moves one line up or
down when you press w or y. It does not work with some
applications.
-]
When the Num Lock indicator is on, the embedded keypad is in
numeric mode. The keys function as a calculator (complete with
arithmetic operators).
Hot Keys
Hot keys or key combinations allow you to perform special functions.
Table 1-3
Hot Key Descriptions
Key
Description
m
Setup Accesses Setup during POST (power-on self test).
-l
Hotkey Help Displays a list and description of all hot keys.
Hotkey Help
<Fn><F1>
This help screen.
<Fn><F2>
Adjusts display controls.
Toggle between
brightness and contrast for STN LCD.
control only for TFT LCD.
Brightness
<Fn><F3>
Switches display to LCD, CRT or Both.
(Some LCD displays do not support Both mode)
<Fn><F5>
(Optional) Adjusts audio volume control.
Press <Fn><Left arrow> to decrease, <Fn><Right arrow> to
increase, <Fn><Esc> to close.
Press any key to exit hotkey help.
Getting Started
1-19
Table 1-3
Key
-m
Hot Key Descriptions (continued)
Description
Contrast/Brightness Control Displays the LCD contrast/brightness
control for STN models and LCD brightness control for TFT models.
Contrast
Brightness
After pressing this key combination, press -x and -z to increase
and decrease the current setting. Press
- | to close the pop-up.
For STN models, press
brightness controls.
-m to toggle between the contrast and
-n
Display Device Control Allows you to select LCD, CRT or both LCD
and CRT as your display device.
-p
Audio control Allows you to adjust the volume. When the notebook
is not equipped with onboard audio, this function is disabled.
After pressing this key combination, press -x and -z to increase
and decrease the current setting. Press
- | to close the pop-up.
This feature functions only when the audio driver is installed and
working properly. Changes in the audio mixer settings in Windows
and Windows 95 may override this feature. For applications that
implement their own volume controls, changes in volume levels by
the application may also override this feature.
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User’s Manual
Windows 95 Keys
The keyboard has two Windows 95 keys that perform Windows 95
functions.
Table 1-4
Windows 95 Key Descriptions
Key
Description
Windows logo key
Start button. Combinations with this key performs special
functions. Below are a few examples:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Application Key
Windows + Tab Activate next Taskbar button
Windows + E Explore My Computer
Windows + F Find Document
Windows + M Minimize All
Shift + Windows + M Undo Minimize All
Windows + R Display Run dialog box
Opens the application’s context menu (same as right-click).
Embedded Keypad
The embedded keypad, which has functions similar to a desktop numeric
keypad, is indicated by smaller characters located in the upper right corner
of the keycaps. To simplify the keyboard legend, the cursor-control key
symbols are not printed on the keys.
Figure 1-11
Getting Started
Embedded Keypad
1-21
Table 1-5 tells how to use the embedded keypad.
Table 1-5
Using the Embedded Keypad
Desired Access
Num Lock On
Num Lock Off
Number keys on
embedded keypad
Type numbers in a normal
manner.
Cursor-control keys
on embedded keypad
Hold j while using cursorcontrol keys.
Hold
while using
cursor-control keys.
Main keyboard keys
Hold
while typing
letters on embedded
keypad.
Type the letters in a
normal manner.
Connecting an external keyboard to the notebook disables the
embedded keypad function.
Palm Rest
The palm rest, located below the keyboard, gives you a place to rest your
hands while you type.
Figure 1-12
1-22
Palm Rest
User’s Manual
Getting Started
1-23
1.11
Touchpad
The touchpad is a PS/2-type mouse-compatible pointing device that senses
movement on its surface. This means the cursor responds as you move
your finger on the surface of the touchpad. Its central location on the palm
rest enables comfortable use for both left and right-hand users.
Left button
Figure 1-13
Right button
Touchpad
The touchpad works with most mouse drivers.
If your notebook did not come with pre-loaded software,
remember to install the touchpad driver. The touchpad driver
also supports special functions that work uniquely with the
touchpad. See Appendix D for details.
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User’s Manual
Touchpad Basics
The following tips will help you use the touchpad:
1.
Move your finger across the touchpad to move the cursor.
2.
Press the left and right buttons below the touchpad to do selection and
execution functions. These two buttons are similar to the left and right
buttons on a mouse. Tapping on the touchpad produces similar
results. See Table 1-6.
Table 1-6
Touchpad Functions
Function
Button (left)
Tap
Execution
click twice
tap twice
Selection
click once
tap once
Drag
click and hold to drag the
cursor
tap twice and hold to drag the
cursor
Keep your fingers dry and clean when using the touchpad.
Also keep the touchpad dry and clean.
Keep your fingers clear of the touchpad when typing.
The touchpad is sensitive to finger movements. Hence, the
lighter the touch, the better the response. Tapping too hard will
not increase the touchpad’s responsiveness.
Refer to Appendix D for details on the touchpad driver utility.
Getting Started
1-25
1.12
Using the Notebook for the First Time
Follow these steps when you use the notebook for the first time, to ensure
top performance right from the start.
1.
Install the battery pack into the notebook.
2.
Connect the AC adapter. See section 1.7.
3.
Power on the notebook and condition the battery pack. See section
2.3.2 for details.
When the battery is charging, the battery indicator turns orange. It
turns off when the battery pack is fully charged.
4.
Power on the system when the battery is fully charged.
notebook has pre-installed software, go directly to item 6;
If your
otherwise,
insert
MS-DOS
diskette #1 into the diskette
drive and boot up the system.
Follow the instructions to install
MS-DOS.
You may also want to install Windows or Windows 95 if your package
includes it. Insert Windows diskette #1 into the diskette drive and type
A:\SETUP. Follow the screen instructions to install Windows.
Refer to the Windows or Windows 95 user’s manual for details.
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User’s Manual
5.
Install the zero-volt suspend function.
Zero-Volt
0V
(Hibernation)
Suspend-to-Disk
The
Zero-Volt
(Hibernation)
Suspend-to-Disk function is a
power-saving feature that saves all
current status information and
images on your hard disk when
your notebook enters suspend
mode.
If you want to use the zero-volt suspend function, you have to create a
suspend-to-disk file on the hard disk by installing ASTDK for DOS and
Windows 3.x or ASTDK for Windows 95. Refer to section D.1 for more
details.
If you do not install ASTDK, the notebook can only enter
standby mode and not suspend mode. Standby mode still
consumes power whereas suspend mode consumes none.
Data is also lost when power runs out when the notebook is in
standby mode.
You can also install the other system utilities if they are not preinstalled on the system. See Appendix D for details.
6.
If the notebook displays an error message or if you encounter any
problems, see section 6.2 for corrective actions.
7.
You may operate the system on AC or battery power. To conserve
battery power, you can make use of the different power-saving modes
described in sections 2.4.
8.
Read through this manual so that you can get the most out of this
powerful notebook PC!
Getting Started
1-27
Table 1-3
Key
-m
Hot Key Descriptions (continued)
Description
Contrast/Brightness Control Displays the LCD contrast/brightness
control for STN models and LCD brightness control for TFT models.
Contrast
Brightness
After pressing this key combination, press -x and -z to increase
and decrease the current setting. Press
- | to close the pop-up.
For STN models, press
brightness controls.
-m to toggle between the contrast and
-n
Display Device Control Allows you to select LCD, CRT or both LCD
and CRT as your display device.
-p
Audio control Allows you to adjust the volume. When the notebook
is not equipped with onboard audio, this function is disabled.
After pressing this key combination, press -x and -z to increase
and decrease the current setting. Press
- | to close the pop-up.
This feature functions only when the audio driver is installed and
working properly. Changes in the audio mixer settings in Windows
and Windows 95 may override this feature. For applications that
implement their own volume controls, changes in volume levels by
the application may also override this feature.
Getting Started
1-19
Chapter
2
Operating on Battery Power
This chapter contains the information you need to know to operate the
notebook on battery power.
2.1
Battery Pack
Whenever possible, use the AC adapter. The battery will come in handy
when you travel or during a power failure. It is advisable to have an extra
fully-charged battery pack available for backup. The battery pack is
installed in the battery compartment. Before removing the battery pack,
make sure the notebook power is off. Follow these steps to remove the
battery.
1. Press the cover release and slide
the cover out.
2. Pull out the battery using the cloth
strip attached to the end of the
battery pack.
Operating on Battery Power
2-1
Do not expose battery packs to temperatures below 0ºC (32ºF)
or above 60ºC (140ºF). This may adversely affect the battery
pack.
If the notebook is to be stored for more than two weeks, we
suggest that you remove the battery pack. In suspend mode or
power-off condition, the battery power (from a fully-charged
battery pack) depletes in one month.
Battery Pack Characteristics
The battery pack has the following characteristics:
•
•
2-2
Battery pack self-discharge Battery packs self-discharge slowly, which
may result in a low battery power condition after being stored for
weeks.
Memory effect This is a phenomenon wherein charging finishes in
one-third the normal charge time. This leaves the battery pack not
fully charged. This situation can usually be improved by conditioning
the battery pack twice a month. Please refer to section 2.3.2 for details
on how to condition the battery pack.
User’s Manual
2.2
Charging the Battery
Place the battery pack inside the battery compartment and plug the AC
adapter into the notebook and an electrical outlet.
The adapter has three charging modes:
•
Rapid mode
The system uses rapid charging when the notebook (with a battery
pack installed) is turned off and a powered AC adapter is connected to
it. In rapid mode, a fully depleted NiMH battery gets fully charged in
approximately two hours.
•
Charge-in-use mode
When the notebook is in use with the AC adapter, the notebook also
charges the battery pack if one is installed. In charge-in-use mode, a
fully depleted NiMH battery gets fully charged in approximately four
and a half to six hours.
•
Trickle mode
When the battery is fully charged, the adapter changes to trickle mode
to maintain the battery charge level.
The battery indicator lights up when the battery is being charged and turns
off when it is fully-charged or when the battery is not being charged.
If the notebook emits five beeps and then turns off (after the
power-on self test), it means the battery pack does not have
enough charge. Use the AC adapter instead, or recharge the
battery pack.
Operating on Battery Power
2-3
2.3
Optimizing Battery Life
This section helps you get the most out of battery operation. Optimizing
battery life prolongs the charge/recharge cycle and improves recharge
efficiency.
2.3.1
Maximizing Battery Power
Follow these suggestions to maximize battery power:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
2-4
Purchase an extra battery pack
Use the system utility ASTDK to reserve hard disk space for the zerovolt suspend function.
Condition the battery pack to reduce the possibility of memory effect.
Refer to section 2.3.2.
Use the AC adapter whenever possible so that the battery is reserved
for on-the-go computing.
Disable the parallel and serial ports if no devices are connected to
these ports. You can do this through Setup.
Make use of the power-saving modes described in sections 2.4 and
2.5.
Eject the PCMCIA card from the card slot when not in use, since the
PCMCIA card draws extra power
When using a network card, logout first before ejecting the card.
Use the disk cache utility SMARTDRV (bundled with MS-DOS) or
create a virtual disk (RAMDRIVE) to lessen the loading of the hard
disk.
Store the battery pack in a cool, dry place. The recommended storage
temperature for battery packs ranges from 10°C to 30°C. The higher
the storage temperature, the faster the battery pack self-discharges.
User’s Manual
•
2.3.2
The batteries can be recharged about 500 times when used as
directed. Excessive rapid recharging decreases battery life.
Conditioning the Battery Pack
Conditioning the battery pack reduces the possibility of memory effect. We
recommend that you condition the battery pack at least once every month,
preferably twice a month.
Follow these steps to condition the battery pack:
1.
Disconnect the AC adapter.
2.
Turn on the notebook (with the battery pack installed).
3.
Press m (during POST) to enter Setup.
4.
Leave the machine turned on.
The battery pack begins to use up the battery. Once the notebook has
used up all battery power, the notebook power turns off (the power
indicator turns off). You can then connect the adapter to begin
recharging the battery pack (the battery charging indicator lights up).
Do not turn on the notebook until the battery has been fully charged.
For faster and automatic discharging and charging, you can
use the optional external battery charger.
5.
Repeat the conditioning process.
Operating on Battery Power
2-5
2.4
Power Management
This notebook has a built-in power management unit that monitors system
activity. System activity refers to any activity involving one or more of the
following devices: keyboard, mouse, diskette drive, hard disk drive,
peripherals connected to the serial and parallel ports, and video memory. If
no activity is detected for a specified period of time (called an inactivity
time-out), the system switches to one of the power-saving modes to
conserve energy. These power-saving modes are display standby mode,
fixed disk standby, and system standby/suspend mode.
The Setup utility allows you to specify the inactivity time-out.
2.4.1
Display Standby Mode
Screen activity is determined by the keyboard, the built-in touchpad, and an
external pointing device. If these devices are idle for the period specified
by the Display Standby Timer, the display shuts off until you press a key or
move the touchpad or external mouse.
We strongly recommend you to enable the Display Standby
Timer with a shorter time interval to prolong your battery life.
“Automatic Dim” Feature
The notebook has a unique “automatic dim” power saving feature. When
the notebook is using AC power and you disconnect the AC adapter from
the notebook, the system “decides” whether or not to automatically dim the
LCD backlight to save power.
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User’s Manual
If the LCD backlight is too bright, the system automatically adjusts it to a
manageable level; otherwise, the level stays the same. If you want a
brighter picture, you can then adjust the brightness and contrast level using
hotkeys ( -m1).
If you reconnect AC power to the system, the system automatically adjusts
the LCD backlight to its original level — the brightness and contrast level
before disconnecting the AC adapter. If you adjusted the brightness and
contrast level after disconnecting AC power, the level stays the same after
you reconnect the AC adapter.
2.4.2
Fixed Disk Standby Mode
The hard disk drive enters the standby mode when there are no disk
read/write operations within the period of time specified by the Fixed Disk
Standby Timer. In the standby state, the power supplied to the hard disk
drive is reduced to a minimum. The hard disk drive returns to normal once
the system accesses it.
2.4.3
Suspend Mode
In suspend mode the system power shuts off. The notebook saves all
system information onto the hard disk before it enters suspend mode. The
notebook restores this information and resumes where you left off upon
leaving suspend mode.
A necessary condition for the notebook to enter suspend mode is that the
reserved space for saving system information on the hard disk must be
larger than the combined system and video memory size. Under such
conditions, the system standby/suspend button acts as the suspend button.
See Appendix D for information on the ASTDK utility.
1
After pressing this key combination, press
- | to close the pop-up.
Press
Operating on Battery Power
-x and
-z to increase and decrease the current setting.
2-7
In this situation, there are four ways to enter suspend mode:
•
Press the standby/suspend button (
)
If the notebook beeps but does not enter suspend mode after
pressing the standby/suspend button, it means the operating
system does not allow the notebook to enter the power saving
mode.
•
•
•
Set a value for the System Standby/Suspend Timer in Setup. If the
waiting time specified by this time elapses without any system activity,
the system goes into suspend mode
Enable the Suspend upon Battery-low parameter in Setup. If a batterylow condition takes place, the notebook enters suspend mode in about
three minutes. See section 2.6.
Invoked by the operating system power saving modes
When the notebook enters suspend mode, the whole system does not
consume any power.
To exit system suspend mode, press the power switch (
).
Do not change any system devices when the notebook is in
suspend mode.
If the notebook is connected to a LAN environment or has a
current modem connection, it does not resume connection
even after the notebook returns to normal operating mode.
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User’s Manual
2.4.4
System Standby Mode
The notebook consumes very low power in system standby mode. Data
remain intact in the system memory.
The necessary condition for the notebook to enter system standby mode is
that the reserved disk space size for saving system and video memory is
insufficient so the notebook is unable to enter suspend mode.
In this situation, there are four ways to enter system standby mode:
•
Press the standby/suspend button (
)
If the notebook beeps but does not enter system standby mode
after pressing the standby/suspend button, it means the
operating system does not allow the notebook to enter the
power saving mode.
•
•
•
Set a value for the System Standby/Suspend Timer in Setup. If the
waiting time specified by this timer elapses without any system activity,
the notebook goes into system standby mode.
Enable the Suspend upon Battery-low parameter in Setup. If a batterylow condition takes place, the notebook enters system standby mode in
about three minutes. See section 2.6.
Invoked by the operating system power saving modes
The following signals indicate that the notebook is in system standby mode:
•
The buzzer beeps (when you press the standby/suspend button)
•
The standby mode indicator (
) flashes
Unstored data is lost when you turn off the notebook power in
system standby mode.
Operating on Battery Power
2-9
To leave system standby mode and return to normal mode, press the
standby/suspend button (
). If an incoming modem event occurs, the
system returns to normal mode.
If the notebook is connected to a LAN environment or has a
current modem connection, it may not resume connection after
the notebook returns to normal operating mode.
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User’s Manual
2.5
Advanced Power Management (APM)
This notebook supports the APM standard designed to further reduce
system power consumption. APM is a power-management approach
defined jointly by Microsoft and Intel. An increasing number of software
supports APM to take advantage of power saving features and allows
greater system availability without degrading performance.
DOS
You can use the APM feature under the DOS environment by including the
POWER.EXE command in the CONFIG.SYS file. See the MS-DOS
manual for instructions on how to edit the CONFIG.SYS file. For more
information about APM, type the following at the DOS prompt:
HELP POWER.EXE
e
Windows 3.x
To enable APM under the Windows environment, run Windows Setup and
select MS-DOS System with APM as your computer type in the
System Information menu. Refer to the Windows user’s guide for details.
Windows 95
To enable APM under Windows 95, follow these steps:
1.
Select the Start button and click on Settings....
2.
Select the Control Panel item. The Control Panel window appears.
Operating on Battery Power
2-11
2-12
3.
Double-click on the System icon in the Control Panel window. The
System Properties dialog box appears.
4.
Select the Device Manager tab and double-click on System devices.
User’s Manual
5.
Double-click on Advanced Power Management support. Its property
dialog box appears.
If the device is not working properly, select the Settings tab and verify
if the check box for enabling power management support is selected.
Operating on Battery Power
2-13
Refer to the Windows 95 user’s guide for details.
1.
If you enable the Power Management Mode parameter in
Setup without installing the APM under DOS, Windows or
Windows 95, the system time and date do not display the
correct settings after the notebook returns to normal
operation from system standby or suspend mode. To
update the time and date, reboot the notebook. Enable
APM to avoid this problem.
2.
You can not change some power management parameter
in the Setup screen after APM is enabled because it is
controlled by APM.
Advanced Power Management greatly prolongs battery life.
Use APM whenever possible.
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User’s Manual
2.6
Battery-low Warning
You never have to worry about battery power as long as you are using the
AC adapter. However, when you operate the notebook on battery power,
pay extra attention to the warning beeps and the power indicator. The
power indicator flashes when the battery power is low.
The following signals indicate a battery-low condition:
•
•
The buzzer generates four short beeps every minute, if you enabled
the Battery-low Warning Beep parameter in Setup
The power indicator flashes at regular intervals until battery power is
depleted
When you receive a battery-low warning, you have around three minutes1 to
save your work. If you do not connect the AC adapter within this period, the
notebook enters suspend mode if the Standby/Suspend upon Battery-low
parameter in Setup is enabled and the following conditions exist:
•
•
There is enough battery power left to save system information onto the
hard disk.
The reserved disk space for saving these data is larger than the
combined system and video memory size.
Otherwise, the notebook enters system standby mode.
Connect the AC adapter as soon as possible. Data is lost
when notebook power is cut off during system standby mode.
1
You may have less than three minutes if your battery has not been fully charged.
Operating on Battery Power
2-15
Table 2-1 lists the recommended course of action when you encounter a
battery-low condition.
Table 2-1
Course of Action for Battery-low Condition
Situation
Recommended Action
AC adapter and power
outlet available
1.
2.
3.
4.
Connect the AC adapter to the system.
Save all necessary files.
Resume work.
Turn off the system if you wish to recharge the
battery rapidly.
An extra fully-charged
battery pack available
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Save all necessary files.
Exit the application.
Turn off the system.
Replace the battery pack.
Turn on the system and resume work.
or
AC adapter or power
outlet or fully-charged
battery pack not available
2-16
1.
2.
3.
Enter 0V suspend.
Replace battery pack.
Resume from 0V suspend.
1.
2.
3.
Save all necessary files.
Exit the application.
Turn off the system.
User’s Manual
Chapter
3
Hardware Options
This chapter tells how to install hardware options such as additional
memory, an external keyboard or keypad, VGA monitor, mouse and printer.
For operating instructions, read the manual included with the accessories.
Always turn off the notebook before you install additional
devices. Also, if devices such as a printer or a monitor use a
separate power source, turn on the devices first before you turn
on the notebook.
Hardware Options
3-1
3.1
Additional Memory
The system has optional onboard memory and two memory slots that let
you install up to 40 MB of memory using 4/8/16MB industry-standard
DIMMs (dual inline memory modules).
Memory Configurations
Table 3-1 lists the possible memory configurations.
Table 3-1
Memory Configurations
Onboard
Slot I
Slot II
Total Memory
0 MB
4 MB
4 MB
8 MB
0 MB
8 MB
8 MB
16 MB
0 MB
16 MB
16 MB
32 MB
8 MB
0 MB
0 MB
8 MB
8 MB
4 MB
4 MB
16 MB
8 MB
8 MB
8 MB
24 MB
8 MB
16 MB
16 MB
40 MB
The DIMM used for slots 1 and 2 should be the same type.
3-2
User’s Manual
Installing Memory
Should you decide to add memory, we recommend that you
seek the help of a qualified service technician. Improper
installation may damage the notebook or cause a malfunction.
Consult your authorized dealer for assistance.
The memory slots are accessible directly under the keyboard. Simply
unlatch and lift the keyboard to expose the memory slots. Then (1) insert
the DIMM into the slot and (2) press down to secure the DIMM. Do the
same for the second slot. Refer to Figure 3-1.
Figure 3-1
Installing Memory
After installing the memory modules, the system automatically detects and
reconfigures the total memory size during the POST routines.
Hardware Options
3-3
3.2
Hard Disk Drive Upgrade
This notebook has a modular design that enables easy hard disk drive
upgrades. The storage compartment accepts a high-capacity, 2.5-inch hard
disk drive. See Appendix B for a list of the hard disk drives available.
We recommend that you seek the help of a qualified service technician if
you decide to perform an upgrade. Improper installation may cause a
malfunction or serious damage. Contact your dealer for more information.
Follow these steps to remove the hard disk drive:
1. Power off the notebook. Unlock the
hard disk drive compartment locks
and remove the cover.
2. Remove the two screws that secure
the hard disk dirve unit to the
housing.
3. Lift up the hard disk drive and pull it
out.
3-4
User’s Manual
4. Flip the hard disk drive unit and very
carefully disconnect the hard drive
cable. The metal housing and the
hard drive can be separated in order
to install a new hard drive.
Reverse the process to install a hard disk drive.
The notebook
automatically detects the hard disk drive type during power-on self test.
If the hard disk drive capacity is greater than 528MB, enter
Setup and enable the Large Disk Capacity parameter. See
section 4.3.4.
Hardware Options
3-5
3.3
External Keyboard or Keypad
This notebook has a keyboard with full-sized keys and an embedded
keypad. If you do a lot of numeric data entry, you may want to use a 17-key
numeric keypad for greater convenience.
Also, if you feel more
comfortable using a desktop keyboard, you can install a 101-/102-key,
PS/2-type external keyboard.
Connect an external keyboard or keypad into the keyboard/keypad/mouse
connector (
) on the rear panel. See Figure 3-2.
3-6
User’s Manual
3.4
External Monitor
To show graphical effects on a larger display, you can connect an external
VGA monitor to the CRT port (
) on the rear panel. Read the monitor
manual for additional instructions. See Figure 3-3.
Before you install a monitor, turn off the notebook. Always
turn on the external monitor first before you turn on the
notebook.
An external VGA monitor connected to the notebook
automatically displays at 640 x 480 resolution. To display
high-resolution VGA, see Appendix D for details.
3.5
Printer
This notebook supports both serial and parallel printers. For a serial printer,
plug the printer cable into a serial port (
). For a parallel printer, plug
the printer cable into the parallel port (
). See Figure 3-3.
Turn on the printer first before you turn on the notebook. See
your printer manual for operating instructions.
If the printer does not function, enter Setup and see to it that
the parallel or serial port is enabled. See section 4.5 for
assistance.
Hardware Options
3-7
3.6
External Mouse
This notebook accepts either a serial mouse or PS/2-compatible mouse or
similar pointing device.
If you use a serial mouse, plug it into the serial port (
) on the rear
panel. See Figure 3-3. If you use a PS/2-compatible mouse, plug it into the
keyboard/ keypad/mouse connector (
) on the rear panel.
The built-in touchpad works simultaneously with an external
PS/2-compatible mouse if one is connected.
After installing the mouse, turn on the system. For DOS and
Windows 3.x environments, run a mouse driver to activate the
mouse. Read the mouse manual for more information. Under
Windows 95, run the Add New Hardware Wizard in the Control
Panel folder to search for the serial mouse and load the
necessary driver.
3-8
User’s Manual
3.7
CPU Upgrade
The notebook features a unique ZIF (zero insertion force) socket that allows
you to easily upgrade your CPU.
We recommend you have the CPU upgrade performed by a
qualified service technician to prevent possible damage,
because the CPU is sensitive to static electricity. Improper
installation may cause a malfunction. Consult your dealer if
you have any questions.
Follow these steps to upgrade your CPU:
1. Unlock the keyboard latches and lift
up the keyboard.
Hardware Options
3-9
4. Remove the heat sink to expose the
CPU.
5.
After removing the heat sink, follow these steps to remove the CPU
and install a replacement CPU. Refer to Figure 3-4.
Œ
Insert a flat-blade screwdriver into the opening at the right end of
the socket and push towards the other end of the socket until the
words OPEN and UNLOCKED show on both ends of the socket.
•
Pull out the CPU. Then insert the replacement CPU.
Ž
Insert a flat-blade screwdriver into the opening at the left end of
the CPU socket and push towards the other end of the socket until
the words UNOPENED and LOCK show on both ends of the
socket.
STEP Œ
Unlocking the Socket
Old CPU
New CPU
STEP •
Removing and
Installing the
CPU
STEP Ž
Locking the Socket
Figure 3-4
3-10
Removing and Installing the CPU
User’s Manual
Hardware Options
3-11
6.
After installing the new CPU, set the following switches:
•
CPU speed switch SW2 (found to the left of the CPU socket)
•
CPU voltage switch SWY1 (found to the lower right of the CPU
socket)
A J4 jumper may appear in place of SWY1. You need to short
this jumper when installing a Pentium 120MHz CPU.
Refer to Figure 3-5 and Figure 3-6.
Intel Pentium 75MHz
Intel Pentium 100MHz
Intel Pentium 120MHz
Figure 3-5
CPU Speed Settings
2.9 volts
3.1 volts
3.3 volts
Figure 3-6
3-12
CPU Voltage Settings
7.
Replace and screw back the heat sink.
8.
Replace the keyboard, if necessary.
User’s Manual
3.8
Audio Devices (Optional)
To complement the 16-bit stereo audio option, there are microphone-in,
line-in and line-out audio ports, besides the built-in speaker.
Microphone
Audio CD player
Amplified speakers
Figure 3-7
Hardware Options
Connecting Audio Devices
3-13
Chapter
4
Setup
This chapter tells how to use the Setup utility. This utility allows you to
configure the notebook without setting any jumpers or switches.
4.1
When to Use Setup
This notebook is already correctly configured and you do not need to run
Setup. If however, you do receive an Equipment Configuration Error
message after you turn on the notebook, you need to run Setup and make
the necessary modifications. Run the Setup utility if you want to do any of
the following:
•
Change the system date and time
•
Add or remove a serial mouse or printer
•
Setup
Enable or disable the memory test, diskette drive, hard disk drive, and
power-saving features
•
Change the system boot drive and display device
•
Set the video display features
•
Write-protect the hard disk and diskette drive
•
Set, change, or remove a system password
•
Enable or disable power-saving timers
4-1
4.2
Entering Setup
To enter Setup, press m during POST or the no-reboot Setup button (
).
Pressing m during POST allows you to access the complete Setup utility.
The system reboots when you exit Setup to make any changes take effect.
Pressing the no-reboot Setup button ( ) allows you to access the
Advanced System Configuration screens and the system does not reboot
when you exit from Setup. It simply returns you to where you left off before
entering Setup.
If the notebook is connected to a LAN environment or has a
current modem connection, note that it may not resume
connection after the notebook returns to normal operating
mode.
After pressing m during POST, the Setup main menu appears:
SETUP Utility
Basic System Configuration
Advanced System Configuration
System Security
Load Setup Default Settings
↑ ↓ ← → = Move Highlight Bar, ↵ = Select, Esc = Exit and Reboot
4-2
User’s Manual
Most of the Setup parameters are self-explanatory. Press l for help.
When you press | to exit a Setup screen, the following prompt appears:
Do you want to save CMOS data?
[Yes]
[No]
Select [Yes] to save the changes you made to the configuration values or
[No] to abandon the changes and retain the current values.
Setup
4-3
4.3
Basic System Configuration
Basic System Configuration has a one-page screen display illustrated
below.
Basic System Configuration
Page 1/1
Date ---------------------------- [MM/DD/YY]
Time ---------------------------- [HH:MM:SS]
Floppy Disk A ------------------- [1.44 MB 3.5-inch]
Floppy Disk B ------------------- [
None
]
Cylinder
Fixed Disk 0 (244 MB) ----------- [Auto]
Fixed Disk 1 (
723
Head
11
Sector
63
0 MB) ----------- [None]
Enhanced IDE Features
Large Hard Disk Capacity ---- [Enabled]
Num Lock After Boot ------------- [Disabled]
Memory Test --------------------- [Enabled ]
Math Coprocessor ---------------- [Installed]
↑ ↓ = Move Hightlight Bar, → ← = Change Setting
PgDn/PgUp = Move Screen, F1 = Help, Esc = Exit
Parameters displayed in low brightness are non-user-configurable.
system detects and sets the values for these parameters.
The
Use w or y to move from one parameter to another. Use the z or x to
change parameter settings.
You have to change some settings when you add a component to the
notebook.
4-4
User’s Manual
4.3.1
Date and Time
The notebook displays the current date in MM/DD/YY format and the
current time in HH:MM:SS format. It uses a 24-hour clock; for example,
6:25 PM displays as 18:25:00.
4.3.2
Floppy Disk Drives
The default setting for Floppy Disk A is [1.44 MB 3.5-inch]. Since
the notebook supports only one diskette drive, Floppy Disk B is set to
[None] and is not user-configurable.
4.3.3
Fixed Disk Drives
The default setting for Fixed Disk 0 is [Auto]. In this setting, the BIOS
automatically detects your drive parameters. You can also opt to key in
your drive type or drive parameters. See Appendix B for a list of hard disk
drive types. To determine your drive type, compare the data on the label
pasted on your hard disk drive (or supplied in vendor documentation) with
the disk types found in Appendix B. Be sure to select the correct drive type;
otherwise an error message appears when you boot up the notebook. We
suggest you set this parameter to [Auto].
Hard Disk 1 is not supported in this notebook. It is set to [None] and is
not user-configurable.
4.3.4
Enhanced IDE Features
The default setting for Large Hard Disk Capacity is [Enabled].
4.3.5
Num Lock After Boot
When the Num Lock After Boot parameter is set to [Enabled], the
embedded keypad acts as a numeric keypad upon initial power-on or
reboot.
Setup
4-5
4.3.6
Memory Test
The notebook always tests the main memory for errors each time you turn it
on. Select [Disabled] to bypass the memory test and speed up the
self-test procedure.
4.3.7
Math Coprocessor
This parameter is non-user-configurable and indicates whether the notebook
has a math coprocessor installed or not. This notebook has a built-in
coprocessor.
4-6
User’s Manual
4.4
Advanced System Configuration
The Advanced System Configuration section has a three-page screen
display. The first two pages of this section are accessible with m as well as
the no-reboot Setup button ( ). The third page is accessible only with the
no-reboot Setup button. The following is page 1.
Advanced System Configuration
Page 1/3
Power Management Mode ---------------------- [Enabled]
Display Standby Timer ------------------- [ 1] Minute(s)
Hard Disk Standby Timer ----------------- [ 1] Minute(s)
System Standby/Suspend Timer ------------ [ 3] Minute(s)
Battery-low Warning Beep ------------------- [Enabled]
Suspend upon Battery-low ------------------- [Enabled]
Password Check during Resume --------------- [Disabled]
↑ ↓ = Move Hightlight Bar, → ← = Change Setting
PgDn/PgUp = Move Screen, F1 = Help, Esc = Exit
4.4.1
Power Management Mode
With this parameter set to [Enabled], all the timers in Setup take effect
unless specifically disabled by the user. Select [Disabled] to turn off all
the timers.
If APM is installed under DOS or Windows, you cannot disable
the Power Management Mode under Setup. To disable APM,
type Power Off under DOS, or disable the Power icon in the
Windows Control Panel.
Setup
4-7
Power Management Timers
•
Display Standby Timer
The notebook shuts off the LCD backlight if there is no activity from the
keyboard or external PS/2 mouse within the period specified by this
timer. To turn the display back on, press a key or move the mouse.
The valid values for this timer range from 1 to 15 minutes. Select
[Off] to disable the timer.
•
Hard Disk Standby Timer
The hard disk drive enters standby mode if there are no disk read/write
operations within the period specified by this timer. The hard disk
returns to normal mode once the notebook accesses it.
The valid values for this timer range from 1 to 15 minutes. Select
[Off] to disable the timer.
•
System Standby/Suspend Timer
This parameter enables you to set a timeout period for the notebook to
enter either system standby or suspend mode.
If the reserved disk space for saving the system data is larger than the
combined system and video memory size, the notebook enters
suspend mode. Otherwise, it enters system standby mode.
The valid values for this timer range from 1 to 15 minutes. Select
[Off] to disable the timer.
4-8
User’s Manual
4.4.2
Battery-low Warning Beep
This parameter allows you to enable or disable the warning beep generated
by the system when a battery-low condition occurs. The default setting is
[Enabled].
4.4.3
Standby/Suspend Upon Battery-low
This parameter enables the system to enter standby/suspend mode when a
battery-low condition takes place. The default setting is [Enabled].
4.4.4
Password Check During Resume
This parameter allows you to prevent unauthorized resumption from the
suspend mode to normal mode. After setting a power-on password, the
notebook automatically sets this parameter to [Enabled]. When you exit
suspend mode and return to normal mode, the notebook requires you to
enter the password.
Setup
4-9
The following is page 2 of the Advanced System Configuration screens.
Advanced System Configuration
Page 2/3
Display Device ------------------------- [Auto]
LCD Expand Mode ------------------------ [Enabled]
↑ ↓ = Move Hightlight Bar, → ← = Change Setting
PgDn/PgUp = Move Screen, F1 = Help, Esc = Exit
4.4.5
Display Device
If you install an external VGA display, you can switch display between the
LCD and external display (CRT). This parameter determines which display
device the notebook uses. Table 4-1 describes the different settings.
Table 4-1
4-10
Display Device Settings
Setting
Description
Auto (default)
If an external display is present, the notebook uses the external
display; otherwise, the LCD is the display device.
Both
The notebook uses the external display and LCD simultaneously.
User’s Manual
4.4.6
LCD Expand Mode
If the LCD Expand Mode is enabled, the VGA subsystem replicates or
paints in a few extra lines so that an output less than 640x480 resolution
can fill up the entire LCD screen. Expanded mode gives a better and more
balanced display.
For resolutions greater than 640x480 (e.g., 800x600, 1024x768), enabling
this parameter does not fill up the entire screen. When enabled, this
parameter may not produce the desired results for all video modes, and
only applies to video modes that have vertical scan lines less than 480.
Expanded display may not work in some applications.
When the expanded mode is disabled, the screen slides slowly
from top to middle.
Setup
4-11
The following is page 3 of the Advanced System Configuration screens.
This page lists a summary of the system settings currently configured.
Advanced System Configuration
Page 3/3
System Information
CPU/CLK
: Pentium/75MHZ
Internal cache
: 16 KB, Enabled
Base memory
:
640 KB
External cache
: None
Extended memory
:
7168 KB
Shadow RAM
:
256 KB
SMRAM
:
128 KB
Hard Disk 0
:
244 MB QUANTUM GLS256A
Security
Floppy Drive A
Security
Pointing device : None
Internal KB
: 87 key
: Normal
: 1.44 MB 3.5-inch
: Normal
Boot Device
: Drive A Then C
Serial Port
: 3F8h, IRQ 4
Parallel Port
: 278h, IRQ 5
Operation Mode : Standard Parallel Port(SPP)
PgDn/PgUp = Move Screen, Esc = Exit
4-12
User’s Manual
4.5
System Security
SETUP Security
Page 1/1
Disk Drive Control
Floppy Disk Drive ----------------- [ Normal ]
Hard Disk Drive ------------------- [ Normal ]
System Boot Drive ----------------- [Drive A Then C]
On Board Communication Ports
Serial Port Base Address ---------- [ 3F8h(IRQ 4) ]
Parallel Port Base Address -------- [ 378h(IRQ 7) ]
Parallel Port Operation Mode ------ [Standard]
Setup Password ----------------------- [ None ]
Power On Password -------------------- [ None ]
↑ ↓ = Move Hightlight Bar,
Setup
↵= Select, Esc = Exit and Reboot
4-13
4.5.1
Floppy Disk Drive Control
This parameter allows you to enable or disable the read/write functions of
the diskette drive. The following table summarizes the available options.
Table 4-2
4.5.2
Floppy Disk Drive Control Settings
Setting
Description
Normal (default)
Diskette drive functions normally
Write Protect
All Sectors
Disables any diskette drive write function. This option is for
operating systems that access the diskette drive 100 percent
via BIOS only.
Write Protect
Boot Sector
Disables the diskette drive write function on a diskette’s boot
sector. This option is for operating systems that access the
diskette drive 100 percent via BIOS only.
Disabled
Disables the diskette drive
Hard Disk Drive Control
This parameter allows you to enable or disable the read/write functions of
the hard disk drive. The following table summarizes the available options.
Table 4-3
4-14
Hard Disk Drive Control Settings
Setting
Description
Normal (default)
Hard disk drive functions normally
Write Protect
All Sectors
Disables any hard disk drive write function. This option is for
operating systems that access the hard disk drive 100
percent via BIOS only.
Write Protect
Boot Sector
Disables the hard disk drive write function on the hard disk’s
boot sector. This option is for operating systems that access
the hard disk drive 100 percent via BIOS only.
Disabled
Disables the hard disk drive
User’s Manual
4.5.3
System Boot Drive Control1
This parameter determines which drive the notebook boots from when you
turn it on. The following table lists the three possible settings.
Table 4-4
4.5.4
System Boot Drive Control Settings
Setting
Description
Auto
Notebook boots from diskette drive A. If there is no system
disk in drive A, the notebook boots from hard disk drive C. If
the hard disk is a non-system disk, an error message appears.
Drive A Then C
(default)
Notebook boots from diskette drive A. If drive A does not have
a system disk, an error message appears.
Drive C Then A
Notebook boots from hard disk drive C. If the hard disk is a
non-system disk, an error message appears.
Serial Port Base Address
The serial port can accomodate a modem, serial mouse, serial printer, or
other serial devices. The default setting for the serial port base address is
[3F8h(IRQ 4)]2.
Other options include:
•
2F8h(IRQ 3)
•
Disabled
Make sure the serial port base address does not conflict with the address
used by a PCMCIA card, if one is installed.
1
2
An installed PCMCIA bootable card overrides this setting. The notebook supports SRAM card boot.
The parameter value is the base address expressed in hexadecimal.
Setup
4-15
4.5.5
Parallel Port Base Address
The parallel port can accomodate a parallel printer or other parallel devices.
The default setting for the parallel port base address is [378h(IRQ 7)]
1
. The other options for this parameter are:
4.5.6
•
278h(IRQ 5)
•
3BCh (IRQ 7)
•
Disabled
Parallel Port Operation Mode
The parallel port supports four operation modes:
•
Standard Parallel Port (SPP)
•
Bi-Directional
•
EPP
•
ECP
EPP or Enhanced Parallel Port is a parallel port interface that greatly
improves performance for bidirectional block-mode data transfers. Burst
data transfer rates of 50~150 KB/sec. for standard parallel ports jump to 2
MB/sec. for EPP. ECP or Extended Capabilities Port is a fast parallel
interface backward-compatible with standard parallel port. It boosts the I/O
bandwidth to meet the demands of high-performance peripherals.
The default setting is [Standard Parallel Port (SPP)].
If you set EPP as the parallel port operation mode, do not use
3BCh as the parallel port base address; otherwise, I/O conflicts
will occur.
1
4-16
The parameter value is the base address expressed in hexadecimal.
User’s Manual
4.5.7
Passwords
Two passwords are implemented in this notebook. The Setup Password
prevents unauthorized access to the Setup utility, while the Power On
Password prevents unauthorized access to the notebook. To set a
password, select the desired password (Setup and Power On) to set or edit,
and press z or x. The password prompt (a key) appears:
A message below the menu prompts you to enter a password. The
password may consist of up to seven characters which do not appear on the
screen when you type them. After typing your password, press Enter.
Another prompt appears asking you to retype your password to verify your
first entry.
After setting a password, the notebook sets this parameter to [Present].
The next time you boot the notebook, resume from suspend mode or run
the Setup utility, the password prompt appears. Key in the appropriate
password (Power On or Setup). If the password you entered is incorrect, an
“X” appears. You have three chances to type in the correct password. After
three tries, the following message appears:
Incorrect password specified.
System disabled.
The notebook freezes up and disables all devices. You must turn off the
notebook and turn it on again to retry. If you forget your password, you
must reset the configuration values stored in CMOS to defaults. Resetting
CMOS requires opening up the system unit, so contact your dealer for
assistance.
Setup
4-17
4.6
Load Setup Default Settings
Selecting this option allows you to load all the default settings. The default
settings are the values initially stored in CMOS RAM intended to provide
high performance. If in the future, you change these settings, you can load
the default settings again by selecting this option.
When you select this option, the following prompt appears:
Load Setup Default Settings
Are you sure?
[Yes]
[No]
Select [Yes] to load the default settings or [No] to abort the operation.
4-18
User’s Manual
Chapter
5
Travel and Maintenance
This chapter tells you what to do when traveling with the notebook.
section discusses notebook maintenance.
5.1
A
Traveling with the Notebook
Follow these steps to prepare the notebook for travel:
1.
Make diskette copies of important files on the hard disk.
2.
Turn off the notebook and all peripherals.
3.
Make sure the LCD display is properly closed.
4.
Disconnect the AC adapter and all peripherals.
5.
Place the notebook, AC adapter and extra battery pack in a carrying
bag.
6.
Hand-carry the notebook. Do not check it in as luggage!
The notebook can pass through airport X-ray equipment, but
metal detectors may damage the system (i.e., hard disk drive).
7.
Check with your airline if they allow the use of notebooks on the
aircraft.
Travel and Maintenance
5-1
8.
When traveling in another country, check that the local AC voltage and
the AC adapter power cord specifications are compatible. If not,
purchase a power cord that is compatible with the local AC voltage.
Do not use converter kits sold for appliances to power the system.
9.
Check also if the PC card modem and connector used with your
notebook is compatible with the telecom system of the country you are
traveling in.
International Traveler’s Warranty
Your notebook is backed by an international warranty that gives you security
and peace of mind when traveling. Our worldwide network of certified
service centers are there to give you a helping hand.
5-2
User’s Manual
5.2
Caring for the System
This section tells you how to care for the system. Also, re-read the
important safety instructions at the beginning of this manual.
5.2.1
System Hardware
•
Do not expose the notebook to rain, liquid or moisture.
•
Do not place near sources of heat, such as a radiator.
•
•
5.2.2
Never place objects on top of the notebook to avoid damaging the
notebook.
AC Adapter
•
•
•
5.2.3
Do not expose to temperatures below 0ºC (32ºF) or above 50ºC
(122ºF).
Do not connect the adapter to any other device.
Do not step on the power cord or place heavy objects on top of it.
Carefully route the power cord and any cables away from personal
traffic.
The total ampere ratings of the equipment plugged in should not
exceed the ampere rating of the cord if you are using an extension
cord. Also, the total current rating of all equipment plugged into a
single wall outlet should not exceed the fuse rating.
Battery Pack
•
•
Use only batteries of the same kind as replacements. Turn the power
off before removing or replacing batteries.
Do not tamper with batteries. Keep them away from children.
Travel and Maintenance
5-3
5.2.5
Cleaning and Servicing
•
Turn the notebook off and remove the battery pack
•
Disconnect the AC adapter.
•
•
Do not use liquid or aerosol cleaners. Use a soft cloth moistened with
water instead.
Contact your dealer or see your service technician if any of the
following occurs:
•
Notebook has been dropped or the chassis has been damaged.
•
Liquid has been spilled into the product.
•
The notebook does not operate normally.
Travel and Maintenance
5-5
Chapter
6
Troubleshooting
This chapter tells how to deal with common system problems. Read it
before calling a technician if a problem occurs. Solutions to more serious
problems require opening up the notebook. Do not attempt to open the
notebook by yourself. Contact your dealer or an authorized service center
for assistance.
6.1
A Checklist
If the notebook does not start or boot
•
Are you running on battery power? It may be low and unable to power
the notebook.
•
Is the AC adapter plugged in properly?
•
Is the operating system loaded on your disk?
•
Is a non-bootable diskette in the diskette drive?
•
Troubleshooting
Are the operating system files damaged or missing? Try booting from
another system diskette.
6-1
If nothing appears on the screen
•
•
•
•
Try adjusting the screen contrast/brightness control (
-m)1.
Is the LCD power-saving feature on? Press any key to turn the display
back on.
Is the notebook in system standby or suspend mode? See section 2.5
for a discussion of visible and audible indicators, including ways to exit
these modes.
Is the display device set to CRT only? Try toggling the display device
by pressing ( -n).
If the keyboard does not respond
•
•
Is the notebook in system standby mode  the power indicator flashes
at regular intervals? Press the system standby/suspend button to
return to normal mode.
Try attaching an external keyboard. If it works, contact your dealer or
an authorized service center as the internal keyboard cable may be
loose.
If the serial mouse does not work
•
Is the serial port enabled? Check the Setup utility.
•
Is the mouse driver activated?
•
1
6-2
Is there a conflict between the serial ports selected if a modem card is
installed?
After pressing this key combination, press
- | to close the pop-up.
setting. Press
-
x
and
-
z
to increase and decrease the current
User’s Manual
If the parallel printer does not print
•
•
Is the parallel port enabled? Check the Setup utility.
Is there a conflict between the parallel ports selected in Setup and the
software application?
If the serial printer does not print
•
Is the serial port enabled? Check the Setup utility.
•
Is the printer connected to the port indicated in Setup.
If all the power-management functions do not work
•
•
Is the power-management mode enabled? Check this parameter in
Setup.
Are you running the Setup utility? Running Setup temporarily disables
the power management mode.
If pressing the no-reboot setup button (
) or standby/suspend
button (
) does not produce the expected result
•
Is there any system activity taking place?
finishes its present task.
Wait until the notebook
If the onboard audio option does not work
•
Is there a conflict with the resource. See section D.6.
•
Is the audio driver installed? See section D.6.
•
1
Is the audio volume level loud enough to be heard? Press (
check.
After pressing this key combination, press
-|
setting. Press
Troubleshooting
-
x
and
-
z
-p)1 to
to increase and decrease the current
6-3
6.2
Error Messages
If you receive an error message, note the message and take corrective
action. Table 6-1 lists the error messages in alphabetical order together
with the recommended course of action.
Table 6-1
6-4
Error Messages
Error Message
Corrective Action
CMOS Battery Bad
Contact your dealer or an authorized service
center.
CMOS Checksum Error
Contact your dealer or an authorized service
center.
Disk Boot Failure
Insert a system disk in drive A, then press e.
Diskette Drive Controller Error
or No Controller Present
Contact your dealer or an authorized service
center.
Diskette Drive Error
Contact your dealer or an authorized service
center.
Diskette Drive Type Mismatch
Press m during POST to reconfigure the
notebook.
Equipment Configuration
Error
Press m during POST to reconfigure the
notebook.
Hard Disk 0 Error
Contact your dealer or an authorized service
center.
Hard Disk 0 Extended Type
Error
Contact your dealer or an authorized service
center.
Insert system diskette and
press <Enter> key to reboot
Insert a system disk in drive A, then press e.
I/O Parity Error
Contact your dealer or an authorized service
center.
Keyboard Error or No
Keyboard Connected
Contact your dealer or an authorized service
center.
Keyboard Interface Error
Contact your dealer or an authorized service
center.
User’s Manual
Table 6-1
Error Messages (continued)
Error Message
Corrective Action
Memory Size Mismatch
Enter and then exit the System Configuration
Setup in the Setup utility. (pressm during POST)
Missing operating system
Correct the HDD type and reboot. See the
specification label pasted on the back side of the
notebook or attached to hard disk drive.
Non-system disk or disk error.
Replace and strike any key
when ready
Insert a system disk in drive A, then press e.
Pointing Device Error
Contact your dealer or an authorized service
center.
Pointing Device Interface Error
Contact your dealer or an authorized service
center.
Protected Mode Test Fail
Contact your dealer or an authorized service
center.
RAM BIOS Bad
Contact your dealer or an authorized service
center.
RAM Parity Error
Contact your dealer or an authorized service
center.
Real-Time Clock Error
Press m during POST to reconfigure the
notebook.
Video RAM BIOS Bad
Contact your dealer or an authorized service
center.
Troubleshooting
6-5
Appendix
A
Specifications
Item
Standard
Microprocessor
Intel Pentium™
75/100/120
System memory
8MB (EDO RAM)
64-bit memory bus
CMOS RAM
128 bytes, battery backup
System BIOS
256KB Flash BIOS
Data storage devices
One 2.5-inch removable
Enhanced-IDE hard disk
drive (12.5mm)
Optional
Expandable to 40MB
(Standard or EDO DIMMs)
Higher-capacity hard disk
drive
One 3.5-inch, 1.44MB
diskette drive
Audio/Video
Video display
DSTN color
TFT color
Keyboard
Specifications
1MB video RAM,
PCI local bus video with
graphics accelerator
10.4-inch DualScan STN,
640 x 480, 64K colors
10.4-inch DualScan STN,
800 x 600, 256 colors
16-bit Sound Blastercompatible stereo audio
Up to 1024 x 768, 256-color
ultra-VGA monitor
LCD projection panel
10.4-inch TFT,
640 x 480, 64K colors
10.4-inch TFT,
800 x 600, 256 colors
82-/83-/87-key
101-/102-key, PS/2compatible keyboard or
17-key numeric keypad
A-1
Item
Standard
Pointing device
Touchpad
I/O ports
One 9-pin serial port
(RS-232)
Serial mouse, printer or
other serial devices
One 25-pin parallel port
(EPP/ECP-compliant)
Parallel printer or other
parallel devices
One 15-pin CRT port
Up to a 1024 x 768
ultra-VGA monitor
One 6-pin PS/2
keypad/keyboard/mouse
connector
17-key numeric keypad,
PS/2 keyboard, mouse
One type III or two type II
PCMCIA slot(s) (PnP)
Fax/data modem card
or other PC cards
One buzzer
One speaker; audio ports
(mic-in, line-in, line-out)
AC adapter
100~240Vac, 50~60Hz
autosensing AC adapter
Extra AC adapter
Battery pack
NiMH with thermal
protection; 2 hours rapid
recharge time
Extra NiMH battery
MS-DOS, Windows,
Windows 95
OS/2, Windows NT
Operating system
Weight
(system unit + battery)
Dimensions
(system unit + battery)
A-2
Optional
External battery charger
2.65 kg (5.84 lbs)
WxDxH
297 x 215 x 47 mm
(11.7" x 8.5" x 1.85")
Temperature
Operating
Non-operating
10ºC ~ 35ºC
-20ºC ~ 60ºC
Humidity
Operating
Non-operating
(non-condensing)
20% ~ 80% RH
20% ~ 80% RH
User’s Manual
Appendix
B
Hard Disk Types
Type
Cylinders
Heads
Write
Pre-comp
Landing
Zone
Sectors
per Track
Disk
Size
1
306
4
128
305
17
10
2
615
4
300
615
17
20
3
615
6
300
615
17
30
4
940
8
512
940
17
62
5
940
6
512
940
17
46
6
615
4
None
615
17
20
7
462
8
256
511
17
30
8
733
5
None
733
17
30
9
900
15
None
901
17
112
10
820
3
None
820
17
20
11
855
5
None
855
17
35
12
855
7
None
855
17
49
13
306
8
128
319
17
20
14
733
7
None
733
17
42
15
Reserved
16
612
4
0
663
17
20
17
977
5
300
977
17
40
18
977
7
None
977
17
56
19
1024
7
512
1023
17
59
20
733
5
300
732
17
30
Hard Disk Types
B-1
B-2
Type
Cylinders
Heads
Write
Pre-comp
Landing
Zone
Sectors
per Track
Disk
Size
21
733
7
300
732
17
42
22
733
5
300
733
17
30
23
306
4
0
336
17
10
24
612
4
305
663
17
20
25
306
4
None
340
17
10
26
612
4
None
670
17
20
27
698
7
300
732
17
40
28
976
5
488
977
17
40
29
306
4
0
340
17
10
30
611
4
306
633
17
20
31
732
7
300
732
17
42
32
1023
5
512
1023
17
42
33
944
14
0
944
40
258
34
723
11
0
723
63
244
35
731
13
None
None
26
120
36
980
15
None
None
17
122
37
936
16
None
936
17
124
38
981
5
None
981
17
40
39
981
10
None
981
17
81
40
762
8
None
762
39
116
41
826
16
0
826
63
406
42
832
8
None
832
33
107
43
683
12
None
683
38
152
44
513
16
None
513
38
152
45
1024
16
0
1024
30
240
46
683
16
None
683
38
202
47
832
6
None
832
33
80
User’s Manual
Type
Cylinders
Heads
Write
Pre-comp
Landing
Zone
Sectors
per Track
Disk
Size
48
615
2
300
615
34
20
49
989
16
0
989
63
486
50
823
4
None
823
38
61
51
1001
15
None
1001
17
124
52
1011
15
None
None
22
162
53
723
13
None
None
51
234
54
548
8
None
548
38
81
55
1013
4
None
None
41
81
56
929
15
None
None
17
115
57
817
14
None
None
36
201
58
1017
16
None
None
63
500
59
802
4
None
802
39
61
60
1024
9
None
1023
17
76
61
895
5
0
894
55
120
62
1010
12
0
1009
55
325
63
966
10
None
None
34
160
64
1024
8
None
1023
17
68
65
1024
11
None
1023
17
93
66
918
11
None
1023
17
83
67
Reserved
68
1024
10
None
1023
17
85
69
1024
12
None
1023
17
102
70
1024
13
None
1023
17
110
71
1024
14
None
1023
17
119
72
959
11
None
959
50
257
73
1024
16
None
1023
17
136
74
918
15
None
1023
17
114
Hard Disk Types
B-3
Type
Cylinders
Heads
Write
Pre-comp
Landing
Zone
Sectors
per Track
Disk
Size
75
1010
16
0
1010
51
402
76
Reserved
77
1024
8
512
1023
17
68
78
790
15
None
None
57
329
79
1001
15
None
None
34
249
80
1024
16
None
None
63
504
81
Reserved
82
Reserved
83
1024
15
None
1223
17
127
84
776
8
None
775
33
100
85
926
13
None
926
17
99
86
Reserved
87
976
5
None
976
17
40
88
Reserved
89
747
2
None
760
28
20
90
782
2
None
862
27
20
91
985
13
None
None
32
200
92
816
15
None
816
32
191
93
968
5
None
None
17
40
94
903
8
None
None
46
162
95
966
5
None
0
34
80
96
535
10
0
0
50
130
97
715
10
0
0
50
174
98
1016
16
0
1016
63
500
99
996
16
0
996
63
490
Auto
User type 1
User-defined
User type 2
User-defined
The system supports the following 12.7mm, 2.5-inch hard disk drives:
B-4
User’s Manual
Vendor
Model
Capacity
Seagate
ST9420AG
420 MB
IBM
DBOA2540
DSOA-2810
540 MB
810 MB
Hitachi
DK-222
DK223-81
540 MB
810 MB
Toshiba
MK1926F
810 MB
Use the space provided in the above table to record additional hard disks
that will be available in the future.
Hard Disk Types
B-5
Appendix
C
Address and Interrupt Tables
C.1
System Memory Map
Address Range
Definition
Function
000000 - 09FFFF
640 KB memory
Base memory
0A0000 - 0BFFFF
128 KB video RAM
Reserved for graphics display
buffer
0C0000 - 0AFFFF
Video BIOS and System
Services
0E0000 - 0EFFFF
256 KB system ROM
0F0000 - 0FFFFF
100000 - 7FFFFF
Address and Interrupt Tables
POST when power-on
PMU for SMI
Free for runtime
System BIOS
Extended memory
7 MB
Onboard memory
8 MB
C-1
C.2
C-2
I/O Address Map
Address Range
Device
000 - 00F
020 - 021
040 - 043
048 - 04B
060 - 06E
070 - 071
080 - 08F
0A0 - 0A1
0C0 - 0DF
178, 17A
1F0 - 1F7, 3F6 3F7
278 - 27F
2F8 - 2FF
35F, 36F
378, 37A
3B4, 3B5, 3BA
3C0 - 3C5
3C6 - 3C9
3C0 - 3CF
3D0 - 3DF
3E0 - 3E1
3F0 - 3F7
3F8 - 3FF
DMA controller-1
Interrupt controller-1
Timer 1
Timer 2
Keyboard controller 8742 chip select
Real-time clock and NMI mask
DMA page register
Interrupt controller-2
DMA controller-2
6377 registers
Hard disk controller
Parallel port 2
Serial port 2
Special I/O ports
Parallel port 1
Video subsystem
Video DAC
Enhanced graphics display
Color graphics adapter
PCMCIA controller
Floppy disk controller
Serial port 1
User’s Manual
C.3
Interrupt Levels
Priority
Interrupt Number
Interrupt Source
1
2
3
4
SMI
NMI
IRQ 0
IRQ 1
IRQ 2
IRQ 8
IRQ 9
IRQ 10
IRQ 11
IRQ 12
IRQ 13
IRQ 14
IRQ 15
IRQ 3
IRQ 4
IRQ 5
IRQ 6
IRQ 7
Power management unit
Parity error detected, I/O channel error
Interval timer, counter 0 output
Keyboard
Interrupt from controller 2 (cascade)
Real-time clock
Cascaded to INT 0AH (IRQ 2)
Reserved
Reserved
PS/2 mouse
INT from coprocessor
Hard disk controller
Reserved
Serial communication port 2
Serial communication port 1
Reserved
Diskette controller
Parallel port
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
A PCMCIA card can use IRQ 3, 4, 5, 7, 9 and 11 as long as it
does not conflict with the interrupt address of any other device.
Address and Interrupt Tables
C-3
C.4
C-4
DMA Channels
Channel
Page Register
Function
Width
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
87h
83h
81h
82h
Cascade
8Bh
89h
8Ah
Spare
Spare
Diskette
Spare
Cascade
Spare
Spare
Spare
8-Bit
8-Bit
8-Bit
8-Bit
16-Bit
16-Bit
16-Bit
User’s Manual
Hot Key Table
Key
Description
m
Setup Accesses Setup during POST (power-on self test).
-l
Hotkey Help Displays a list and description of all hot keys.
Hotkey Help
<Fn><F1>
This help screen.
<Fn><F2>
Adjusts display controls. Toggle between
brightness and contrast for STN LCD. Brightness
control only for TFT LCD.
<Fn><F3>
Switches display to LCD, CRT or Both.
(Some LCD displays do not support Both mode)
<Fn><F5>
(Optional) Adjusts audio volume control.
Press <Fn><Left arrow> to decrease, <Fn><Right arrow> to
increase, <Fn><Esc> to close.
Press any key to exit hotkey help.
-m
Contrast/Brightness Control Displays the LCD contrast/brightness control for STN
models and LCD brightness control for TFT models.
Contrast
Brightness
After pressing this key combination, press
- x and
the current setting. Press
- | to close the pop-up.
For STN models, press
- z to increase and decrease
- m to toggle between the contrast and brightness controls.
-n
Display Device Control Allows you to select LCD, CRT or both LCD and CRT as your
display device.
-p
Audio control Allows you to adjust the volume. When the notebook is not equipped
with onboard audio, this function is disabled.
After pressing this key combination, press
- x and
the current setting. Press
- | to close the pop-up.
- z to increase and decrease
This feature functions only when the audio driver is installed and working properly.
Changes in the audio mixer settings in Windows and Windows 95 may override this
feature. For applications that implement their own volume controls, changes in
volume levels by the application may also override this feature.
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