ADTRAN IPR-S1000 User's Manual

ADTRAN IPR-S1000 User's Manual
USER’S GUIDE
IPR-S1000
Satellite IP
Router Receiver
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Thank you for selecting the IPR-S1000.
The IPR-S1000 satellite broadband Router Receiver is designed to
provide high-speed data connectivity to the corporate and ISP
markets, for applications such as BTV, corporate communication,
distance learning, caching, file transfer, push, video distribution,
protocole conversion and monitoring. The IPR-S1000 allows
operators, integrators and service providers to deliver the best
broadband IP multicast services along with the most reliable solution
on the market. We hope that you will find this product a valuable
addition to your global communications.
WARNING
THE SPECIFICATIONS AND INFORMATION CONCERNING THE
PRODUCT IN THE PRESENT DOCUMENT MAY BE SUBJECT TO
CHANGE WITHOUT PREVIOUS NOTICE.
ALL STATEMENTS, INFORMATION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
ENCLOSED IN THE PRESENT DOCUMENT ARE BELIEVED TO BE
ACCURATE BUT ARE PRESENTED WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
KIND, NEITHER EXPLICIT NOR IMPLICIT.
USERS MUST TAKE FULL RESPONSABILITY FOR THEIR
INTERPRETATION, USE AND APPLICATION OF ANY OF THE
CONCERNED PRODUCT.
IN SPITE OF ANY OTHER ENCLOSED WARRANTY, ALL FILES,
DOCUMENTS AND SOFTWARE ARE SUPPLIED AS SUCH, TO BE
TAKEN WITH THEIR POTENTIAL FLAWS. IPRICOT DOES NOT
OFFER ANY TYPE OF WARRANTY REGARDING A LACK OF
EXECUTION
OR
APPLICATION
SKILLS,
AND/OR
AN
INAPPROPRIATE COMMERCIALIZATION OF THEM EITHER.
IPRICOT DECLINES ANY RESPONSABILITY, IN ANY CASE,
CONCERNING INDIRECT, EXCEPTIONAL, REPETITIVE OR
ACCIDENTAL DAMAGES. THE SAME POLICY STANDS FOR
SITUATIONS SUCH AS CLAIMS RELATED TO PROFIT LOSS, DATA
LOSS OR DAMAGES RESULTING OF A CLIENT’S WRONG USE AND/
OR INTERPRETATION OF THE PRESENT DOCUMENTATION.
IPRICOT’S AWARENESS OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES
DOES NOT MAKE IT RESPONSIBLE FOR THEM. IT IS FOR THE
CLIENT TO MAKE SURE HE IS PROPERLY SKILLED TO USE
IPRICOT’S PRODUCTS AND DOCUMENTATIONS.
Copyright © 2003 IPricot SA, All Rights Reserved
September 2003 doc2.0
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Installing the IPR-S1000
About the Installation section...............................1
Document objectives
Audience
Document organization
Document conventions
Terms and abbreviations
Obtaining technical assistance
Preparing for installation........................................2
Material verification
Safety recommendations
Site requirements
Installation checklist
Installing the IPR-S1000..........................................5
Connecting the cables
Starting up the IPR-S1000
Making an initial configuration of the IPR-S1000
Configuring the IPR-S1000
The LCD interface....................................................10
Overview
Basic screens
Main menu
The Web interface....................................................30
Overview
Main page
Profiles and passwords
System
DVB
Ethernet
IP
User Interface
Fixed Key Conditional Access
SNMP
Syslog
IP Crypt
Firewall
Mac addresses
NAT
PPP
PPTP
UDLR
Tools
Spectrum
TS Dump
DVB Dump
IP Dump
Ping
Traceroute
Network statistics
The Telnet interface.............................................75
Shell
Commands
Sections and attributes
The SNMP interface.............................................93
Glossary............................................................................94
Contact
Installing the IPR-S1000
INSTALLING THE IPR-S1000
I About the installation section
1. Document objectives
This installation section explains the preparation for installation as well
as the configuration procedures for the IPR-S1000. It also gives you
information concerning the IPR-S1000 start up and troubleshooting.
2. Audience
To use this publication, it is recommended to be familiar with cabling,
electronic circuitry and wiring practices.
3. Document organization
This installation section provides easy-to-use instructions and
explanations. The chapters are organized as follows:
• Preparing for installation
It is a preparatory chapter that describes safety recommendations,
material verification and site requirements. It also enumerates the
procedures you should perform before the actual installation.
• Installing the IPR-S1000
It provides instructions for connecting the cables and configuring
hyper-terminal. It also explains the initial configuration process.
4. Document conventions
The document uses the following conventions:
Caution Means reader be careful. In this situation, you might
do something that could result in equipment damage or loss
of data.
Warning Means danger. You are in a situation that could
cause bodily injury. Before working on an equipment, be
aware of the hazards involved with electrical circuitry .
Note: Means reader take note. Notes contain helpful suggestions.
1
Installing the IPR-S1000
5. Terms and abbreviations
If you encounter difficulties in understanding some terms and
abbreviations, refer to the IPricot glossary at the end of this manual.
6. Obtaining technical assistance
For technical information and assistance, please contact:
IPricot SA
IPricot
10-12 avenue de Verdun
92250 La Garenne Colombes
France
Tel: +33 1 46 52 53 00
Fax: +33 1 46 52 53 01
E-mail: [email protected]
http://www.IPricot.com
North America
3539 St Charles Blvd Suite 604
Kirkland, Quebec
H9H 3C4 CANADA
Tel: +1 514 981 7308
Fax: +1 514 630 6841
E-mail: [email protected]
http://www.IPricot.com
For technical support, please mail to: [email protected]
II Preparing for installation
1. Material verification
Your IPR-S1000 Delivery Box should include the following contents:
•
•
•
•
•
IPR-S1000 (satellite IP Router Receiver).
Multimedia Card (MMC).
Power supply unit.
Two meter AC power cable.
User’s Guide.
Note: Carefully check all parts to ensure they were not damaged
during transportation. If you find any defect, please contact your
distributor immediately. Remember to write down the IPR-S1000
serial number located at the very bottom of the product. You will need
it to configure the unit.
2. Safety recommendations
The following guidelines will help ensure your safety and protect the
equipment. This list does not cover all potentially hazardous situations,
so be alert.
2
Installing the IPR-S1000
Ensure your safety
Each electrical device must be handled with care, so please
follow these instructions:
1) Before working on equipment connected to an electrical power
supply, please remove any bracelet, necklace or watch. Such metal
items may actually heat up so badly from an accidental electrocution
that they may cause severe burns, or they may weld onto other metal
parts and/or equipment.
2) Keep your working spot clean and clear during the complete
installation process.
3) Move out any tool that may be in your way.
4) Wear safety glasses to operate in an environment that is
potentially dangerous for your eyes.
5) Avoid putting people around you at risk: act with caution and do not
alter the product or its instructions in such a way that it may become
dangerous.
6) Previously locate the circuit breaker in your work room in order to
be able to quickly shut the power, would an electrical problem occur.
7) Do not work alone when there is a risk of electrocution or shortcircuit.
Should an accident occur, it is mandatory to follow these
basic rules:
1) Do not put yourself in danger: shut off electrical power.
2) In case of accident, evaluate any victim’s condition to the best of
your knowledge and send someone else to seek help.
3) Try to determine if the victim needs breathing assistance or a heart
massage, and act accordingly.
3
Installing the IPR-S1000
Protect the equipment
1) Never assume that electrical power is disconnected. Do check it
first.
2) Do a previous check-up of any potential source of danger within
your work environment (wet floor, visible electrical cable...).
3) Always disconnect AC power cable during the installation when
moving the equipment.
3. Site requirements
To assure normal operation and avoid unnecessary maintenance, it is
recommended to prepare your site before installation.
Planning a proper location for the IPR-S1000
1) Place the IPR-S1000 into the desired location. The unit is designed
to be sitting vertically on a plane and clean surface.
2) Keep the product safe from heat, dust and moisture.
3) Make sure the site maintains an ambient temperature of 5° to 45°C.
4. Installation checklist
To assist you with your installation and to provide a historical record of
what was done and by whom, fill in the following IPR-S1000 installation
checklist.
Installation Checklist
Task
Verified
by
Date
Date the IPR-S1000 received
The IPR-S1000 and accessories unpacked
Types and numbers of interfaces verified
Safety recommendations and guidelines
reviewed
Site requirements verified
4
Installing the IPR-S1000
III Installing the IPR-S1000
1. Connecting the cables
The appropriate cables are necessary to connect the IPR-S1000 to the
Ethernet network as well as to the satellite antenna. Refer to the
following list and illustrations to correctly locate the different
connectors.
Connectors
- Ethernet 10/100 Mbps RJ45 connector
- Coaxial satellite connector, F type.
- DB-9 serial connector (console / modem).
Making the connection
Note: To help you making the connection, refer to the illustration on
the next page.
- Inserting the Multimedia Card (MMC)
Before inserting the MMC into the slot, make sure the card is correctly
oriented. The right notch of the MMC must be directed towards the slot.
Note: If the MMC is not properly inserted, the unit will not boot and
the LCD screen will say «IPR-S1000, Booting: Wait...».
- Connecting to the Ethernet network
Connect an Ethernet cable to the Ethernet connector.
Note: For better results, use a Shielded Twisted Pair (STP) category
5 cable.
- Connecting to the satellite antenna
Connect the satellite antenna using the F type connector on the back
of the equipment.
Note: Make sure the cable is inserted and secured by tightening the
connector.
- Connecting the power cord
Connect the power cord.
Do not extract the MMC when the power is ON. It can
cause damage to the equipment.
5
Installing the IPR-S1000
Making the connection
Refer to the following illustration to correctly locate the different connectors.
Connect the satellite antenna using a
type F connector.
Note: Make sure the cable is screwed
and secured by tightening the
connector.
Connect the parallel port.
Connect the Ethernet cable with a Shielded Twisted Pair.
Connect the console port.
Connect the serial port.
Insert the Flash card.
Note: Do not extract the card when the power is ON.
- Link AC power cable to the right socket.
- Plug it into the electrical power supply.
After a complete connection, turn the unit power ON.
2. Starting up the IPR-S1000
Read carefully the following procedure to start up the IPR-S1000
successfully.
1) Make sure you have inserted the MMC, and connected the cables.
2) The IPR-S1000 boots up. A progression bar appears on the unit’s
front Liquid Crystal Display (LCD).
Note: The progression bar grows from left to right indicating that the
boot process is evolving normally.
3) After the boot, the unit will display three basic screens on the LCD.
3.Making an initial configuration of the
IPR-S1000
The following configuration will be done using the front buttons of the
IPR-S1000 (LCD interface). However, you can also configure the IPRS1000 via the Web or Telnet interface after having set the IP address
and the default router.
1) To access the MAIN menu, press on the «right» arrow.
2) In the MAIN menu, select «1. Set config».
3) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
6
Installing the IPR-S1000
IP address
In the most widely installed level of the Internet Protocol (IP) today, an
IP address is a 32-bit number that identifies each sender or receiver of
information that is sent in packets accross the Internet.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu and with the «down» arrow, select «12.
Ethernet».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
Note: The «left» and «right» arrows allow you to scroll one by one
the digits of the IP address. The «+» and «-» keys allow you to
increment or decrement the digit by one. The «down» arrow allows
you to confirm, whereas the «up» arrow allows you to cancel.
3) Select «121. IP address».
4) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
5) Set the IP address and the network mask (the IP address specified
will be bound to the Ethernet port of the IPR-S1000).
6) Confirm the IP address by pressing the «down» arrow.
Default router
A router which allows you to reach another network.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu and with the «down» arrow, select «13.
IP».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) With the «down» arrow, select «138. Default route».
4) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
5) The default route is displayed on the LCD. To modify the default
route, press the down arrow.
6) Set the default router IP address using the same method that you
used to set the IP address.
7) Confirm the default router IP address by pressing the «down»
arrow.
LNB (Low Noise Block)
Hardware device for converting and amplifying a band of satellite
signals from a high frequency (Ku band for ewample) into a lower
frequency (L band for example).
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) Select «111. LNB», and enter that menu by pressing the «right»
arrow.
4) With the «+» or «-» key, select a band.
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
7
Installing the IPR-S1000
Frequency
The number of times an electromagnetic wave (the DVB carrier) goes
through its complete cycle in one second of time.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) With the «down» arrow, select «112. Frequency», and enter that
menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
4) Enter a value using the same method that you used to set the IP
address.
Note: The frequency must be bounded by LNB limits, otherwise the
value will be rejected.
5) Confirm the value by pressing the «down» arrow.
Polarization
A technique used by the satellite designer to increase the capacity of
the satellite transmission channels by reusing the satellite transponder
frequencies.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) With the «down» arrow, select «115. Polarization», and enter that
menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
4) With the «+» or «-» key, select a polarization type.
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
Bauds
The symbol rate of the satellite link.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) With the «down» arrow, select «113. Bauds», and enter that menu
by pressing the «right» arrow.
4) Set a value (Baud rate) using the same method that you used to set
the IP address.
5) Confirm the value by pressing the «down» arrow.
FEC
A technique for improving the robustness of data transmission.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) With the «down» arrow, select «114. FEC», and enter that menu by
pressing the «right» arrow.
4) With the «+» or «-» key, select «Auto».
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
8
Installing the IPR-S1000
LNB Power
The IPR-S1000 can supply power to the LNB.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) With the «down» arrow, select «117. LNB power», and enter that
menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
4) With the «+» or «-» key, choose to enable or disable LNB power.
5) Confirm the choice by pressing the «down» arrow.
Note: For more information, browse our Web site at www.IPricot.com
9
Configuring the IPR-S1000
Configuring the IPR-S1000
I The LCD interface
This chapter describes how to use the Liquid Crystal Display interface
to manage the IPR-S1000. The LCD interface is mostly useful for the
initial configuration. After that configuration, we strongly advise you to
use the Web or Telnet interface. Indeed, these two interfaces will allow
you to configure the IPR-S1000 in a more complete way.
1. Overview
To select each element of the menu, press the «up» and/or «down»
arrows. The «right» arrow, showing at the edge of the screen line,
points out the selected element. To return to the previous screen, press
the «left» arrow. To enter the selected element, press the «right»
arrow.
During a traditional data entry (numerical or textual), the «right» arrow
moves the cursor on to the next right character, or to the next data field,
if positioned on the last character in row. The «left» arrow moves the
cursor on to the next left character or to the next data field if positioned
at the first character of the line. The function keys «+» and «-» allow to
change the character currently covered by the cursor. Most of the time,
the «up» arrow cancels the current selection, whereas the «down»
arrow confirms it.
2. Basic screens
After the IPR-S1000 connection, three screens appear on the LCD.
They are linked together with a five seconds delay between each of
them. You cannot do any modifications on them.
DVB
The first screen displays satellite reception conditions.
Example:
12.379
27500K
V
+
Auto
11.0dB
Note: To go to the Main menu, press any key.
10
Configuring the IPR-S1000
ETHERNET
The second screen displays the primary IP address of the Ethernet
interface.
Example:
Ethernet
192.168.43.48/24
Note: To go to the Main menu, press any key.
MPE PIDs and IP statistics
The third screen displays filtered MPE PIDs and IP statistics.
Example:
1002 (0x3ea)...:
11KP
10MB
Note: To go to the Main menu, press any key.
3. Main menu
1. Set config
2. View config
3. Monitoring
4. Reboot
5. Version
Note: To return to the Basic screens, press the «left» arrow.
1. Menu Set config
This menu allows a configuration access, and allows you to change the
11
Configuring the IPR-S1000
setup parameters.
1. SET CONFIG
11. DVB
12. Ethernet
13. IP
14. Profiles
15. Chg. write pwd
16. Chg. read pwd
17. Update firmware
18. Backup firmware
19. Auto update
11. DVB
111.
112.
113.
114.
115.
116.
117.
118.
119.
11A.
11B.
11C.
11D.
DVB
LNB
Frequency
Bauds
FEC
Polarization
Modulation
LNB Power
DVB IP address
Start MPE
Stop MPE
MPE CRC
LLC SNAP
MAC filtering
111. LNB (Low Noise Block)
This screen allows you to select the type of LNB you are using.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
12
Configuring the IPR-S1000
3) Select «111. LNB», and enter that menu by pressing the «right»
arrow.
Example:
LNB:
High Band
Low band
Universal LNB
C-Band 3.7>4.2
C-Band 3.625>4.2
C-Band 3.4>4.2
L-Band 0.95>2.15
4) With the «+» or «-» key, select a band.
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
112. Frequency
This screen allows you to enter the DVB carrier frequency.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) With the «down» arrow select «112. Frequency», and enter that
menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
Example:
Frequency:
12.3790000GHz
4) Enter a value using the same method that you used to set the IP
address.
Note: The frequency must be bounded by LNB limits, otherwise the
value will be rejected.
5) Confirm the value by pressing the «down» arrow.
113. Bauds
This screen allows you to modify the baud rate (in thousands of
symbols per second). It is a floating point number bounded by 1000 to
45000 Kbauds values.
13
Configuring the IPR-S1000
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) With the «down» arrow, select «113. Bauds», and enter that menu
by pressing the «right» arrow.
Example:
Bauds:
27500.00 Kbauds
4) Enter a value by using the same method that you used to set the IP
address.
5) Confirm the value by pressing the «down» arrow.
114. FEC (Forward Error Correction)
This screen allows you to modify the FEC value.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) With the «down» arrow, select «114. FEC», and enter that menu by
pressing the «right» arrow.
Example:
FEC:
Auto
1/2
2/3
3/4
4/5
5/6
6/7
7/8
8/9
4) With the «+» or «-» key, select «Auto».
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
115. Polarization
This screen allows you to modify the polarization type.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
14
Configuring the IPR-S1000
3) With the «down» arrow, select «115. Polarization», and enter that
menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
Example:
Polarization:
Vert./RHCP/14v
Horiz./LHCP/18v
Note: Vert./RHCP/14v stands for «Vertical / Right Hand Circular
Polarization» and Horiz/LHCP/18v stands for «Horizontal / Left Hand
Circular Polarization»
4) With the «+» or «-» key, select a polarization type.
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
116. Modulation
The process, or result of the process, of varying a characteristic of a
carrier, in accordance with an information-bearing signal.
This screen allows you to select a type of modulation.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) With the «down» arrow, select «116. Modulation», and enter that
menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
Example:
Modulation:
QPSK
8 PSK
16 QAM
Note: QPSK is the only available modulation on the IPR-S1000
4) With the «+» or «-» key, select a type of modulation.
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
117. LNB Power
This screen allows you to enable or disable LNB Power.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
15
Configuring the IPR-S1000
3) With the «down» arrow, select «117. LNB Power», and enter that
menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
Example:
LNB Power:
On
Off
4) With the «+» or «-» key, decide to enable or disable LNB Power.
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
118. DVB IP address
This screen allows you to set the DVB IP address.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) With the «down» arrow, select «118. DVB IP address», and enter
that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
Example:
DVB IP address:
172.022.000.051/24
4) Enter the DVB IP address
5) Confirm the value by pressing the «down» arrow.
119. Start MPE
This screen allows you to start up the new MPE PID reception.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) With the «down» arrow, select «119. Start MPE», and enter that
menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
Example:
Start MPE PID: 0032
1002 (0x3ea)...
4) Enter a value using the same method that you used to set the IP
address.
5) Confirm the value by pressing the «down» arrow.
11A. Stop MPE
This screen allows you to stop the reception of a MPE PID.
16
Configuring the IPR-S1000
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) With the «down» arrow, select «11A. Stop MPE», and enter that
menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
Example:
Stop MPE PID:
1002 (0x3ea)
3032 (0xbd8)
32 (0x20)
4) With the «+» or «-» key, select a PID.
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
11B. MPE CRC
Multi Protocol Encapsulation - Cyclic Redundancy Check.
This screen allows you to turn on or off CRC checking at the MPE level.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) With the «down» arrow, select «11B. MPE CRC», and enter that
menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
Example:
Processing CRC MPE:
Yes
No
4) With the «+» or «-» key, select «Yes» or «No».
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
11C. LLC-SNAP
Logical Link Control-Subnetwork Access Protocol. An Internet protocol
that operates between a network entity in the subnetwork and a
network entity in the end system. The SNAP entity in the end system
makes use of the services of the subnetwork and performs three key
functions: data transfer, connection management, and QoS selection.
This screen allows you to accept or reject MPE sections that are known
to carry LLC-SNAP packets.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
17
Configuring the IPR-S1000
3) With the «down» arrow, select «11C. LLC-SNAP», and enter that
menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
Example:
LLC-SNAP traffic:
Discard
SNAP 802.1
SNAP 802.2
(UDLR)
SNAP 802.1/802.2
4) With the «+» or «-» key, select LLC-SNAP traffic.
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
11D. MAC filtering
This screen allows you to specify the number of bytes on which MAC
filtering will be proceeded.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «11. DVB».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) With the «down» arrow, select «11D. MAC filtering», and enter that
menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
Example:
MAC address
filtering on 6 bytes
4) With the «+» or «-» key, select a number of bytes.
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
12. Ethernet
Ethernet
121. IP address
122. Media type
121. IP address
This screen allows you to set the IP address.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «12. Ethernet».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) Select «121. IP address», and enter that menu by pressing the
«right» arrow.
18
Configuring the IPR-S1000
Example:
IP address:
192.168.043.048/24
4) Enter the IP address and the network mask.
5) Confirm the value by pressing the «down» arrow.
122. Media type
Media type determines the connection speed to the Ethernet network.
This screen allows you to select the best Ethernet carrier.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «12. Ethernet».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) Select «122. Media type», and enter that menu by pressing the
«right» arrow.
Example:
Media type:
Autoselect
100BaseTX Hdx
100BaseTX Fdx
10BaseT/UTP Hdx
10BaseT/UTP Fdx
4) With the «+» or «-» key, select a media type.
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow
13. IP
IP
131. Unicast
132. Broadcast
133. Multicast
134. DNS
135. Bridging
136. ICMP redirect
137. Delete routes
138. Default route
139. Reset IP CNX
19
Configuring the IPR-S1000
131. Unicast
Unicast is communication between a single sender and a single
receiver over a network.
This screen allows you to configure the IPR-S1000 as a router
(Routing), a bridge (Bridging) or as a simple receiver.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «13. IP».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) Select «131. Unicast», and enter that menu by pressing the «right»
arrow.
Example:
Unicast forwarding:
No
Routing
Bridging
4) With the «+» or «-» key, select a mode.
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
132. Broadcast
A packet delivery system where a copy of a given packet is sent to all
hosts attached to the network.
This screen allows you to decide whether broadcast packets coming
from the satellite must be transmitted to the LAN or not.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «13. IP».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) Select «132. Broadcast», and enter that menu by pressing the
«right» arrow.
Example:
Broadcast bridging:
No
Yes
4) With the «+» or «-» key, select «Yes» or «No».
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
133. Multicast
A special form of broadcast where copies of the packet are delivered to
only a subset of all possible destinations.
This screen allows you to select the IPR-S1000 as a multicast router
20
Configuring the IPR-S1000
(Yes routing), or as a multicast bridge (Yes bridging).
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «13. IP».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) Select «133. Multicast», and enter that menu by pressing the
«right» arrow.
Example:
> Mcast forwarding
Accept src addr
4) Select Multicast On/Off or New network address, and enter the
selected menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
Multicast On/Off:
Mcast forwarding :
Yes (routing)
Yes (bridging)
No
1) With the «+» or «-» key, select a mode.
2) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
Accept src addr:
New network address:
000.000.000.000/00
1) With the «+» or «-» key, enter the new network address.
2) Confirm the value by pressing the «down» arrow.
134. DNS
Domain Name System. The distributed name/address mechanism
used in the Internet.
This screen allows you to reference domain names instead of their
actual IP address for easier recollection.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «13. IP».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) Select «134. DNS», and enter that menu by pressing the «right»
arrow.
Example:
21
Configuring the IPR-S1000
DNS 1: 000.000.000.000
DNS 2: 000.000.000.000
4) With the «+» or «-» key, fill in one or two fields (IP address type field).
5) Confirm the values by pressing the «down» arrow.
135. Bridging
A bridge is a product that connects a local area network (LAN) to
another local area network that uses the same protocol.
This screen allows you to select a bridging mode (affects both Unicast
and Multicast).
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «13. IP».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) Select «135. Bridging», and enter that menu by pressing the «right»
arrow.
Example:
Bridging traffic:
Bridge only
Analyse & bridge
4) With the «+» or «-» key, select a mode.
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
136. ICMP redirect
Internet Control Message Protocol.
This screen allows you to enable or disable the ICMP redirect
functionality.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «13. IP».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) Select «136. ICMP redirect», and enter that menu by pressing the
«right» arrow.
Example:
ICMP redirect:
Yes
No
4) With the «+» or «-» key, select «Yes» or «No».
22
Configuring the IPR-S1000
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
137. Delete routes
This screen allows you to delete all the routes.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «13. IP».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) Select «137. Delete routes», and enter that menu by pressing the
«right» arrow.
Example:
Delete all routes?
Cancel
Ok
4) Select the «up» arrow to cancel or the «down» arrow to confirm.
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
138. Default route
This screen allows you to edit or delete the default route.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «13. IP».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) Select «138. Default route», and enter that menu by pressing the
«right» arrow.
Example:
Def. none
Edit
Delete
4) With the «+» or «-» key, choose whether to edit or delete the default
route.
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
139. Reset IP CNX
This screen allows you to delete the routes. It also proposes to reenter
the router’s IP address as well as the default router.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «13. IP».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) Select «139. Reset IP CMX», and enter that menu by pressing the
«right» arrow.
Example:
23
Configuring the IPR-S1000
IP address:
192.168.043.048/24
4) With the «+» or «-» key, set the IP address.
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
14. Profiles
Note: # is always followed by a profile name. * indicates that the
profile is the startup profile.
Profiles
141. Save
142. Fact. profile
143. TFTP load
144. TFTP save
141. Save
This screen allows you to save the current configuration under a new
profile name.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «14. Profiles».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) Select «141. Save», and enter that menu by pressing the «right»
arrow.
Example:
Profile name:
__________
4) With the «+» or «-» key, enter the profile name.
5) Confirm the value by pressing the «down» arrow.
142. Fact profile
This screen allows you to load the factory profile or to set it as the
startup profile.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «14. Profiles».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) Select «142. Fact profile», and enter that menu by pressing the
«right» arrow.
Example:
24
Configuring the IPR-S1000
Factory profile:
Startup
Load
4) With the «+» or «-» key, select startup or load.
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
143. TFTP load
This screen allows you to load a profile stored on a TFTP server.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «14. Profiles».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) Select «143. TFTP load», and enter that menu by pressing the
«right» arrow.
Example:
TFTP Server addr.:
192.168.001.004
4) With the «+» or «-» key, enter the TFTP server address.
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
144. TFTP save
This screen allows you to save the current configuration to a TFTP
server.
1) In the «1. Set config» menu, select «14. Profiles».
2) Enter that menu by pressing the «right» arrow.
3) Select «144. TFTP save», and enter that menu by pressing the
«right» arrow.
Example:
TFTP Server addr.:
192.168.001.004
Note: The current configuration will be saved on the TFTP server
under the name dotlink.cnf
4) With the «+» or «-» key, enter the TFTP server address.
5) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
15. Chg. write pwd
This screen allows you to enter a new password for the write level.
25
Configuring the IPR-S1000
New write password:
********
1) With the «+» or «-» key, enter the new password.
2) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
16. Chg. read pwd
This screen allows you to enter a new password for the read level.
New read password:
********
1) With the «+» or «-» key, enter the new password.
2) Confirm the selection by pressing the «down» arrow.
17. Update firmware
This screen allows you to download a new firmware from a TFTP
server.
TFTP Server addr.:
192.168.001.004
To start the download process, press the «down» arrow. To cancel it,
press the «up» arrow.
18. Backup firmware
This screen allows you to save the current firmware to a TFTP server.
TFTP Server addr.:
192.168.001.004
To start the upload process, press the «down» arrow. To cancel it,
press the «up» arrow.
19. Auto update
This screen allows you to enter the reception code in order to activate
the reception process. These five decimal numbers shall be provided
by the satellite operator in charge of the update.
Receipt code:
224.005.004.003.4321
To confirm the password and proceed with the updating, press the
26
Configuring the IPR-S1000
«down» arrow. To cancel it, press the «up» arrow.
2. Menu View Config
This screen displays the current configuration. There is no risk of
altering the configuration.
View config
21. Sat infos
22. LAN infos
23. MPE infos
24. DVB MAC address
25. Generic GET
21. Sat infos
This screen allows you to visualize the satellite configuration. It is
updated every three seconds.
12.379
27500K
V
+
Auto
5.6dB
- Satellite frequency (12.379 GHz)
- Horizontal/Vertical polarization (H/V)
- LNB feeding (+ means «Power-on» / - means «Power-off»)
- FEC (Auto)
- Baud rate (27500K)
- Locked/Unlocked stream.
- Signal to noise ratio (5.6 dB)
22. LAN infos
This screen displays the IP address and the network mask.
Ethernet:
192.168.43.48/24
23. MPE infos
This screen displays the selected MPE PIDs.
Active MPE PID:
1002 (0x3 ea)...
24. DVB MAC address
The IPR-S1000 has its own exclusive address for the satellite’s
interface. It is fixed and displayed on this screen.
DVB MAC address:
00:D0:B5:XX:XX:XX
27
Configuring the IPR-S1000
Note: It is also the MAC address of the Ethernet interface and the serial
number of the IPR-S1000
25. Generic GET
Generic GET allows you to get information on sections and attributes.
Section:
bandwidth
dvb
eth
fileasmanager
ip
ipcrypt
ipf
macaddress
misc
nat
ppp
pptp
snmp
syslog
ndlr
ui
3. Monitoring
This screen displays real time information dealing with satellite
connection and LAN diagnostic.
Monitoring
31. Sat connection
32. LAN connection
33. MPE stats
34. Uncor. packets
35. Temperature
31. Sat connection
This screen allows you to visualize the satellite configuration.
28
Configuring the IPR-S1000
Unlock
VBER: 1.3 E - 02
5.5 dB
- Locked/Unlocked signal
- Signal to noise ratio (5.5 dB)
- Viterbi Bit Error Rate (1.3 E - 02)
32. LAN connection
This screen allows you to test the IP connection by using the ping
program.
IP address to ping:
000.000.000.000
33. MPE stats
This screen displays the selected MPE PID and the total bit rate in
Kbits/s and in IP packets/s. The screen is updated every second.
1002 (0x3ea)...:
0Kbits/s
0P/s
34. Uncor. packets
This screen displays the number of packets that could not be corrected
by the demodulator.
Uncor. packets: 54
Reset: ?
35. Temperature
This screen displays the current highest temperature point to be found
in the IPR-S1000.
Temperature:
35.3 C
4. Reboot
The following screen allows you to restart the IPR-S1000.
Note: The current profile will be lost if it is not previously saved.
Example:
Really reboot?
? Cancel
29
? Ok
Configuring the IPR-S1000
To reboot the IPR-S1000, press the «down» arrow. To cancel the
reboot, press the «up» arrow.
5. Version
This screen displays the current system version and the satellite
reception module.
Firmware
s1000-3.0
QPSK
1.41a
II The Web interface.
Note: It is strongly advised to activate the Javascript in the browser
to use the Web interface correctly.
This chapter describes how to use your web browser to manage the
IPR-S1000. The Web interface is designed for individuals who prefer a
Graphic User Interface (GUI) program, or who are familiar with webbased navigational principles. The Web browser enables you to set
some configuration parameters from the browser, and to view other
settings.
1. Overview
The screen (window) is made up of two sections (panes). The
navigation area, on the left frame of the screen, allows the user to have
access to all installed modules. For an easy navigation, it always
remain visible.
Note: Some modules have an online help. Consequently, if you need
some information, you can click on the help links.
30
Configuring the IPR-S1000
2. Main page
Underneath are some definitions and explanations of the terms
contained in that page.
Name (S1000) and version (3.0) of the firmware.
Viterbi Bit Error Rate corresponds to the rate of errors found in the packets after
Viterbi correction.
Channel Bit Error rate corresponds to the rate of errors found in the packets
before any correction.
Digital level or AGC level corresponds to the antenna’s reception level. For a
correct reception, the value should be between 50 and 100%.
IP/DVB input bytes corresponds to the number of bytes received on the DVB
interface.
31
Configuring the IPR-S1000
For the IPR-S1000, the input bandwidth (at IP level) is limited to 40000 Kbits/s.
.
Eb/No is related to the signal/noise (in dB). In other words, it refers to the signal
quality. The user’s signal will be considered as quasi error free if Eb/No is
greater than 5.5 dB for FEC 3/4. This corresponds to a Vber of 2x10-4.
DVB uncor. packets is the total number of packets that could not be corrected
by the demodulator. Clicking on the «reset» link sets the counter back to zero.
IP/DVB input packets corresponds to the number of IP packets received on the
DVB interface.
IP/DVB dropped packets corresponds to the number of (intentionaly) isolated
packets.
RX-SIG: Reception signal. It indicates if the signal is received (green color) or
not (red color).
VITSYNC: Viterbi Synchronized. It indicates if the Viterbi decoder is
synchronized (green color) or not (red color).
FSYNC: Frame Synchronized. It indicates if the deintervealer is synchronized
(green color) or not (red color).
32
Configuring the IPR-S1000
LNB power shows if the IPR-S1000 is supplying power to the LNB.
Frequency corresponds to the reception frequency of the DVB carrier (floating
point number in giga hertz).
Baud rate is the number of symbols transmitted per second. In QPSK
modulation, 1 symbol = 2 bits. It is a floating point number bounded by 2000 to
45000 Kbauds values.
FEC: Forward Error Correction. It is a technique for improving the robustness of
data transmission.
Polarization is a technique used by the satellite designer to increase the
capacity of the satellite transmission channels by reusing the satellite
transponder frequencies.
Modulation corresponds to the alteration of a carrier wave in relation to the value
of the data being transferred.
Active MPE PIDs: Multi Protocol Encapsulation Packet Identifier. It corresponds
to the segmentation of the packets’ stream.
MAC address: Media Access Control. On a Local Area Network (LAN) or other
network, the MAC address is your computer’s unique harware number. (On an
Ethernet LAN, it is the same as your Ethernet address.)
IP address (DVB): Internet protocol. It is a unique network number included in
any packet sent out of the network onto the Internet.
33
Configuring the IPR-S1000
IP address (Ethernet): Internet protocol. It is a unique network number included
in any packet sent out of the network onto the Internet.
3. Profiles and passwords
Definition: This module allows you to load, save and manage your
profiles and passwords.
34
Configuring the IPR-S1000
Load
You have three possibilities to load a profile:
In the drop-down menu, select the profile you want to load (an existing profile).
Click on the load button.
In the respective blank fields, enter the address of the TFTP server and the
name of the profile. Click on the load button.
Click on the browse button and select the file you want to load. Click on the load
button.
Save
You have three possibilities to save a profile:
In the drop-down menu, select the profile you want to save (an existing profile).
Click on the save button.
In the blank field, enter the name of the new profile. Click on the save button.
35
Configuring the IPR-S1000
In the respective blank fields, enter the TFTP server address and the name
under which the profile will be saved. Click on the save button.
Management
In the drop-down menu, select the profile you want to rename. In the blank field,
enter the name of the new profile. Click on the Ok button.
In the drop-down menu, select the profile you want to delete. Click on the Ok
button.
In the drop-down menu, select the profile you want to be the starting profile.
Click on the Ok button.
Passwords
In the drop-down menu, select the login. In the blank field, enter the new
password.
In the blank field, re-enter your password to confirm it.
Click on the change password button.
36
Configuring the IPR-S1000
4. System
Definition: This module allows you to load, save and manage up to two
firmwares and to reboot the IPR-S1000.
Firmware
In the respective blank fields, enter the TFTP server address and the name of
the firmware. Click on update from server or backup to server according to your
need.
37
Configuring the IPR-S1000
Click on the browse button and select the firmware you want to load on the IPRS1000. Click on the Ok button.
Here are some information concerning the default and secondary firmwares.
Click on the swap them or erase secondary button according to your need.
Reboot
In the drop-down menu, select yes to reboot the IPR-S1000.
Click on the Ok button.
Distribution update code
In the blank field, enter the distribution update code.
Click on the Ok button.
38
Configuring the IPR-S1000
5. DVB
Definition: The Digital Video Broadcasting Standards Association
created DVB as the standard interface to facilitate the delivery of
MPEG-2 data over heterogeneous broadcast networks.
39
Configuring the IPR-S1000
LNB
In the drop-down menu, select yes to supply power to the LNB.
In the drop-down menu, select the type of LNB.
In case the predifined values do not meet your requirements, you may then
manually configure them in the following menu.
In the field, enter the lower bound of the low frequency band.
In the field, enter the upper bound of the low frequency band.
In the field, enter the low band local oscillator.
In the field, enter the low bound of the high frequency band.
In the field, enter the upper bound of the high frequency band.
In the field, enter the high band local oscillator.
Receiving parameters
40
Configuring the IPR-S1000
In the blank field, enter the frequency (in GHz).
In the blank field, enter the baud rate (in kilo bauds).
In the drop-down menu, select the baud rate locking method.
In the drop-down menu, select the FEC value.
In the drop-down menu, select the polarization.
In the drop-down menu, select the modulation.
Interface
In the blank fields, enter the MPE PIDs.
In the blank field, enter the primary DVB IP address.
In the blank field, enter the DVB interface MTU.
In the drop-down menu, select yes to activate processing CRC MPE.
In the drop-down menu, select the LLC SNAP traffic.
In the drop-down menu, select the number of filtering bytes.
41
Configuring the IPR-S1000
In the drop-down menu, select the interface on which the IP copy will be done.
In the blank fields, enter the 2 bytes prefix that will be added to the IP copy
address in order to create a new DVB MAC address.
Tuner
In the blank field, enter a number (in seconds) corresponding to the delay
between lock attempts.
In the drop-down menu, choose to enable or disable tune frequency.
In the drop-down menu, choose to enable or disable scanning frequency.
In the blank field, enter (in KHz) corresponding to the scanning step.
In the blank field, enter a number (in seconds) corresponding to the minimum
delay per step.
In the blank field, enter a number (in seconds) corresponding to the maximum
delay per step.
In the blank field, enter a number (in seconds) corresponding to the delay before
scan.
42
Configuring the IPR-S1000
In the blank field, enter a number (in KHz) corresponding to the scanning range.
Click on the accept changes button.
6. Ethernet
Definition: Ethernet is the most widely-installed local area network
technology.
In the blank field, enter the primary IP address.
In the blank field, enter a secondary IP address if needed.
In the drop-down menu, select the media type.
43
Configuring the IPR-S1000
Click on the accept changes button.
7. IP
Definition: This module allows you to manage IP parameters.
General
In the respective blank fields, enter the host and domain names.
44
Configuring the IPR-S1000
In the blank fields, enter the DNS. A maximum of two DNS (Domain Name
Server) may be set up. The first one entered will always have priority.
Forwarding
In the drop-down menu, select yes to activate broadcast bridging.
In the drop-down menu, select the unicast forwarding mode.
In the drop-down menu, select the multicast forwarding mode.
If multicast routing is active, incoming multicast datagrams are filtered according
to their IP source address. In the blank fields, enter the allowed source IP
address(es).
In the drop-down menu, select the bridging mode.
In the drop-down menu, select the source MAC address that will be added to
packets bridged from the satellite to the LAN.
In the drop-down menu, select yes to activate ICMP redirect.
45
Configuring the IPR-S1000
Static routes
In the respective blank fields, enter the target network, the gateway and
optionaly the interface address.
In the blank field, enter the target network. In the drop-down menu, select the
interface.
Click on the accept changes button.
8. User Interface
Definition: This module allows you to activate HTTP service, Telnet
service, as well as TCP port 1234 access.
In the drop-down menu, select active to enable HTTP service.
46
Configuring the IPR-S1000
In the drop-down menu, select active to enable Telnet service.
In the drop-down menu, select active to enable TCP port 1234 access.
Click on the accept changes button.
9. Fixed Key Conditionnal Access
Definition: Module that allows to decrypt (with two keys) packets
enciphered in Fixed Key CAS.
In the drop-down menu, select active to start Fixed Key CAS.
In the first blank field, enter the PID. In the drop-down menu, choose between
odd and even. In the second blank field, enter the key.
47
Configuring the IPR-S1000
The blank fields can display the currently accepted MPE PIDS. You can also
add or remove other MPE PIDs using these blank fields.
Click on the accept changes button.
10. SNMP
Definition: Simple Network Management Protocol. A widely used
network monitoring and control protocol where activity in each network
device (hub, router, bridge...) is sent to the workstation console used to
oversee the network.
SNMP Agent
In the drop-down menu, select active to enable SNMP agent.
48
Configuring the IPR-S1000
In the blank field, enter the Read ONLY community.
In the blank field, enter the Read+Write community.
In the blank field, enter the system sysContact.
In the blank field, enter the system sysLocation.
SNMP traps
In the blank field, enter the Manager IP address.
In the blank field, enter the community.
Click on the accept changes button.
49
Configuring the IPR-S1000
11. Syslog
Definition: The IPR-S1000 can provide log information by using the
syslog protocol.
In the drop-down menu, select active to start Syslog.
Log selection
In the drop-down menu, select the facility.
In the drop-down menu, select the comparison.
In the drop-down menu, select the level.
50
Configuring the IPR-S1000
Log forwarding
In the blank field, enter the destination server.
If you want to change local facility, make your change using the drop-down
menu.
In the drop-down menu, select yes to include the local date.
Same as above.
Click on the accept changes button.
12. Bandwidth
Definition: This module allows you to choose the available input
bandwidth.
In the drop-down menu, select the bandwidth value.
Click on the accept changes button.
51
Configuring the IPR-S1000
13. IP Crypt
Definition: IP Crypt encrypts IP packets between computer systems.
In the drop-down menu, select active to start IP Crypt.
In the blank field, enter the host or network IP address.
In the blank field, enter the odd key.
In the blank field, enter the even key.
52
Configuring the IPR-S1000
Click on the accept changes button.
11. Firewall
Definition: A firewall is a set of programs, located at a network
gateway server, that protects the resources of a private network from
users from other networks. Basically, a firewall, working closely with a
router program, examines each network packet to determine whether
to forward it towards its destination.
Static rules
53
Configuring the IPR-S1000
In the blank fields, enter the static rules.
Rules to activate
In the blank fields, enter the rules to activate only when PPP session is UP.
Log to syslog
In the drop-down menu, select yes to log to Syslog.
Click on the accept changes button.
12. Mac addresses
Definition: Short for Media Access Control address. A hardware
address that uniquely identifies each node of a network.
54
Configuring the IPR-S1000
Displays the factory DVB MAC address which is always enabled.
In the blank fields, enter additional MAC addresses.
Click on the Accept changes button.
13. NAT
Definition: Network Address Translation is the translation of an IP
address used within one network to a different IP address known within
another network. Your network is designated the inside network, and
the Internet is the outside.
55
Configuring the IPR-S1000
In the drop-down menu, select active to start NAT.
Masquerading
In the blank field, enter the alias address.
In the first drop-down menu, choose to activate or disactivate dynamic NAT. If
you choose active, select the interface in the second drop-down menu.
In the blank field, enter the inside local networks.
In the drop-down menu, select the outside interface.
Extended user rules
In the blank fields, enter the user rules.
56
Configuring the IPR-S1000
In the first drop-down menu, select auto or manual. In the second drop-down
menu, select the input interface for satellite packets.
Click on the Accept changes button.
14. PPP
Definition: Point-to-Point Protocol. A data link protocol that provides
dialup access over serial lines by encapsulating protocols in
specialized network protocol packets.
57
Configuring the IPR-S1000
To obtain the signification of all the options as well as the default values, click
on the help button.
In the blank field, enter the phone number.
In the blank field, enter the authname.
In the blank field, enter the password.
In the blank field, enter the modem initialization string.
In the drop-down menu, select the debug level.
To obtain the default options and values of edit chat script and edit disconnect
script, click on the help button.
58
Configuring the IPR-S1000
Here are some information concerning PPP process and session. Click on the
reload page to update or close current session button according to your need.
Click on the accept changes button.
59
Configuring the IPR-S1000
15. PPTP
Definition: Point to Point Tunneling protocol (PPTP) is a protocol (set
of communication rules) that allows corporations to extend their own
corporate network through private «tunnels» over the public Internet.
60
Configuring the IPR-S1000
In the drop-down menu, select active to start VPN.
In the blank field, enter the IP address or the FQDN, i.e. the PPTP server.
In the blank field, enter the authname.
In the blank field, enter the password.
In the drop-down menu, select the debug level.
To obtain the signification of all the options as well as the default values, click
on the help button.
In the blank field, enter the time between the keep-alive frames.
In the drop-down menu, select active to hangup the PPTP connection when the
PPP connections comes up.
In the blank field, enter a number (in seconds) corresponding to the timeout of
the first connection. It is recommended to set up a value just greater than the
time to set up the PPP link.
61
Configuring the IPR-S1000
In the blank field, enter a number (in seconds) corresponding to the timeout of
the connections after the first one, which is configured by connect timer.
In the blank field, enter the number of time the connection to the PNS is made.
Here are some information concerning PPTP process and session. Click on the
reload page to update or close current session button according to your need.
Click on the accept changes button.
16. UDLR
Definition: UniDirectional Link Routing. Standardized mechanism for
integrating unidirectional links in the Internet.
62
Configuring the IPR-S1000
In the drop-down menu, select active to start UDLR.
Basic parameters
In the drop-down menu, select the route for GRE upstream.
In the drop-down menu, choose to enable or disable DTCP daemon.
In the drop-down menu, select the DTCP annoucement group.
In the blank field, enter the feeds.
Behaviour
When DTCP feed is lost, the default gateway can be automatically changed to
this one.
Click on the accept changes button.
63
Configuring the IPR-S1000
17.Tools
Spectrum
In the drop-down menu, select the band.
In the blank field, enter the baud rate (in killo.bauds).
In the drop-down menu, select the polarization.
In the drop-down menu, choose to enable or disable 22 KHz.
To enable the fast mode, put a tick in the box.
Click on the show spectrum or show peaks button according to your need.
64
Configuring the IPR-S1000
TS Dump
Definition: TS Dump is an MPEG2-TS (Transport Stream) monitoring
tool. It can perform the following tasks:
- display the selected TS packets in different ways (hexa, hexdump
style...),
- record the selected TS packets into a file (using the browser or a FTP
server),
- display statistics of the selected PIDs.
In the blank field, enter a list of Program Stream IDentifier (PID).
The program will stop after this number of TS packets.
65
Configuring the IPR-S1000
The program will stop after this number of seconds.
Allows one to specify which packets will be displayed.
Allows one to specify the number of bytes that will be displayed.
If selected, TS Dump will display the PID number before each TS packet.
If selected, TS Dump will display each PID’s bit rate at the end of the dump.
If selected, TS Dump will display the start and end dates at the end of the dump.
If selected, TS Dump will display the number of TS packets received for each
PID at the end of the dump.
In the respective blank fields, enter the address, port, login, password and path.
66
Configuring the IPR-S1000
In the drop-down menu, select the dump mode.
Click on the send request button.
DVB Dump
Definition: DVB Dump is a monitoring tool. Its goal is to dump and
display, in a human and readable format, the service information tables
as defined in ISO/IEC 13818-1 and EN 300 468. You can find the
documentation at the following web sites: www.iso.org and
www.etsi.org
Note: In this section, you can enter any PID value. The PID revealer
will detect the content present in this PID.
67
Configuring the IPR-S1000
IP Dump
Definition: IP Dump prints out the packets on a network interface, and
therefore it is useful to analyse network traffic. It is based on TCP Dump
for filter rule syntax and runs on the same way.
68
Configuring the IPR-S1000
69
Configuring the IPR-S1000
In the drop-down menu, select the interface.
In the blank field, enter a number of packets.
In the drop-down menu, select the protocol.
In the drop-down menu, select to enable or disable promiscuous mode.
In the blank field, enter the dump duration (in seconds).
In the blank field, enter a number corresponding to the bytes per packet.
IP
In the respective drop-down menus, select the IP parameters. In the blank field,
enter the IP address.
Ethernet
In the respective drop-down menus, select the Ethernet parameters. In the
blank field, enter the Ethernet address.
Size
70
Configuring the IPR-S1000
In the drop-down menus, select the size parameters. In the blank field, enter a
number of bytes.
Custom
In the drop-down menu, select the custom parameter. In the blank field, enter
the custom filter rule. For custom filter rule, the filter expression syntax is the
same as the one of tcp dump.
To attempt to convert addresses to names, put a tick in the box.
To print the link-level header, put a tick in the box.
To activate simpliest view, put a tick in the box.
If you do not want timestamp to be printed, put a tick in the box.
In the drop-down menu, select the packets format.
In the drop-down menu, select the verbose level.
Click on the go button.
Ping
Definition: Ping is used diagnostically to ensure that a host computer
71
Configuring the IPR-S1000
you are trying to reach is actually operating.
In the blank field, enter the hostname or IP address.
The program will stop after sending this number of packets.
The program will stop after this number of seconds.
To show network addresses as numbers only, put a tick in the box.
To activate verbose output, put a tick in the box.
Click on the go button.
Traceroute
Definition: Traceroute is a utility that records the route (the specific
gateway computers at each hop) through the Internet between your
72
Configuring the IPR-S1000
computer and a specified destination computer. It also calculates and
displays the amount of time each hop took.
In the blank field, enter the hostname or IP address.
To show network addresses as numbers only, put a tick in the box.
To activate verbose output, put a tick in the box.
In the blank field, enter a value corresponding to the type-of-service field.
In the blank field, enter a number (in seconds) corresponding to the wait time for
a response to a probe.
The program will stop after this number of seconds.
73
Configuring the IPR-S1000
Click on the go button.
Network statistics
Definition: Network statistics is a module composed of three
elements: the routing table, the interfaces statistics, and the ARP table.
*routing table
The routing table is a matrix associated with a network control protocol, which
gives the hierarchy of link routing at each node.
*Interface table
The interface table displays IP packets statistics per interface.
*ARP table
Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) is a protocol for mapping an Internet
Protocol address (IP address) to a physical machine address that is recognized
in the local network.
74
Configuring the IPR-S1000
III The Telnet interface.
This chapter describes how to use the Telnet interface to manage the
IPR-S1000. The Telnet interface is designed for individuals who have
precise and specific needs.
The IPR-S1000 can also be remotely managed with a TCP connection
on port 1234.
As an example, you can use the Telnet program to test the protocol.
1. Shell
Starting a Telnet session with the IPR-S1000 will display the following
lines:
DotBSD (IPr.IPricot.com) (ttyp0)
login:
Two user’s names may be recognized: Read and Write.
The read ($) login allows configuration access in a «read only» mode.
In this mode, data cannot be modified unless the authentication level is
changed later on.
The write (#) login allows a complete configuration access and complex
task management, such as firmware updating.
Once the connection is authenticated, the following command line will
be displayed:
Lock >
Note: Lock or unlock is displayed as soon as the session is open.
The command line uses all editing options:
75
Configuring the IPR-S1000
-Right and left arrows.
-Backspacing.
-Up and down scrolling arrows (for back and forth travelling between
command entries).
-Tab key (allows you to ask for text completion possibilities before the
cursor). When you first press the key, it tries to complete the text. The
second time you press the key, it gives you all the possibilities (in the
event that there would be more than one available).
Example:
You can use the TAB key to discover command parameters:
# Unlock> dvb <TAB><TAB>
conso
lock
mpebytes
dlevel
macaddress
mpepackets
fec
macaddresses sn
# Unlock> dvb _
temp
tuner_temp
uncor
vber
voltage
wlock
You can obtain a short documentation for each command with the help
command:
# Unlock> help dvb
dvb
real-time access to the dvb interface
# Unlock> _
Press the TAB key twice : <TAB><TAB>
?
abort
auth
bye
default
defaultfactory
delete
dvb
dvbdump
exit
get
getdefault
go
help
ipdump
ipf
lastprofile
list
load
loadfactory
ls
mget
mv
nat
netstat
ping
ppp
pptp
quit
rename
rm
save
set
spectrum
syslog
system
tftpload
tftpsave
traceroute
tsdump
2. Commands
Here is the list of all the commands that you can use in the Telnet
session. Some parameters are compulsory. They are preceded by
«+», and underlined as follows:
Example: + name of the profile
With the write login:
76
Configuring the IPR-S1000
abort
Allows to abort modifications after one or many set command.
auth (Authentication)
Allows to change the authentication level, i.e to switch to the public,
read or write level. A password is needed only when switching to a
more restricted level.
read: Allows to read the whole IPR-S1000 set up. The user cannot configure the
IPR-S1000.
write: Allows a complete configuration access, and allows to change the set up
parameters.
bye
Allows to exit the shell.
default + name of the profile that will become the starting profile
Allows to make a profile the startup profile.
defaultfactory
Allows to make the factory profile the startup profile.
delete + name of the profile to be removed
Allows to remove a profile.
dvb (Digital Video Broadcast)
Real-time access to the DVB interface.
dlevel: Digital level in percent.
fec: Current FEC, useful if FEC auto is enabled.
lock: Yes if locked, No otherwise.
macaddress: MAC address of this interface (it cannot be modified).
macaddresses: List of all MAC addresses currently treated by the receiver
card.
mpebytes: Amount of bytes received at MPE level on the satellite interface.
mpepackets: Amount of IP packets received through MPE on the satellite
interface.
sn: Eb/No. Signal noise ratio in dB.
temp: The temperature (given in celcius degree) of the warmest point to be
found in the equipment.
uncor.: Total number of packets that could not be corrected by the
demodulator.
vber: Rate of erroneous bits before Read Salomon (for example, a VBER of
1.7E-4> indicates that 1.7 bits are erroneous every 10000 bits).
dvbdump
Table dump.
77
Configuring the IPR-S1000
bat: bouquet association table.
cat: conditional access table.
eit: event information table.
nit: network information table.
pat: program association table.
pid_revealer: gives the type of flow.
pmt_pid: program map table.
rst: running status table.
sdt: service description table.
tdt: time and date table.
tot: time offset table.
exit
Allows to exit the shell.
get section.attribut
Asks for the attribute value of the section.attribut. Pressing Tab after
«get» will display all the available attributes (see part C: sections and
attributes). They will be summed up in the next section.
getdefault
Allows to know the name of the starting profile. If nothing is displayed,
it means it is the factory profile.
go
Allows to activate all modifications after one or many «set» commands.
help
Displays helpful information about commands.
ipdump
Dumps network traffic.
bytecount: Indicates to the program to analyze a certain number of bytes
(default number: 68 bytes).
custom: Allows to enter an expression for the filter (format TCP Dump).
display: Allows to display the contents of the packet (either hexadecimal, or
hexadecimal + ASCII).
dns (domain name system): Allows to convert an IP address into a name.
interface: Allows to choose the interface on which one will scan the packages.
link: Allows to display information of level link.
packcount: The maximum number of packets that one wants to capture.
promiscuous: Allows to see all the packages that arrive on the interface,
including those that are not intended for the interface.
protocol: Allows to restrict a certain protocol, among the packages filtered on
78
Configuring the IPR-S1000
the interface that one listens to.
quick: Allows to have a reduced display (minimum of essential information).
timeout: Maximum duration of the capture (in second).
timestamp: Displays time information on each packet (time is specific to the
equipment).
verbose: Defines a level of smoothness of analysis. The more the level is
raised, the more the analysis is fine.
lastprofile
Prints the last loaded profile (followed by a «*» if modified).
list
Lists all available profiles.
load + name of the profile
Loads a profile.
loadfactory
Loads the factory profile.
ls
Lists all available profiles.
mget ATTR1 ATTR2 ...
Retrieves multiple attribute values. Pressing Tab after «get» will
display all the available attributes (see part C: sections and attributes).
They will be summed up in the next section.
mv + former_name new_name
Allows to rename a profile.
nat (Network address translation)
Displays NAT informations.
stat: Provides statistics relating to address translation.
netstat (Network statistics)
Getting network statistics.
arp (address resolution protocol): Protocol allowing to connect an IP address
and an Ethernet address.
iface: Statistics per interface.
proto: Statistics per protocol.
route: Routing table.
ping
Sends ICMP ECHO_REQUEST packets to network hosts.
count: The number of ECHO_REQUEST.
79
Configuring the IPR-S1000
numeric: Allows to display IP addresses.
timeout: Lifetime of the request.
verbose: Allows to display all received ICMP packets.
ppp (Point to point protocol)
Acts on PPP process.
close: Allows to force, on request, the closing of the session.
isstarted: Allows to know if PPP service is launched. It launches out
automatically when a road borrows the PPP interface.
isup: Allows to know if PPP session is active. If active, allows to know
negotiated IP addresses.
pptp (point to point tuneling protocol)
Pptp module - VPN over PPTP.
close: Allows to force, on request, the closing of the session.
isstarted: Allows to know if PPTP service is launched. It launches out
automatically when a road borrows the PPTP interface.
isup: Allows to know if PPTP session is active. If active, allows to know
negotiated IP addresses.
quit
Allows to exit the shell.
rename + former_name new_name
Allows to rename a profile.
rm + name of the profile
Allows to remove a profile.
save
Allows to save the current profile.
set
Sets an attribute value.
spectrum
Spectrum analyser.
syslog
Displays system messages. To stop the flow, press CTRL C.
system
System action.
autoupdate: Allows to install or delete a new firmware received by the satellite
link.
date: Displays the current time and date.
kernelclean: Allows to delete the previous firmware.
80
Configuring the IPR-S1000
kernelcontents: Displays the firmware contents.
kernelstate: Displays the amount of firmware present on the Flash Card.
kernelswap: Allows to switch from the current firmware to the previous one.
packages: Displays the list of installed packages (software) and their version
numbers.
reboot: Allows to restart the IPR-S1000.
tftpget: Allows to retrieve a kernel or a profile from the specified TFTP server.
tftpput: Allows to put a kernel or a profile on the specified TFTP server.
version: Displays two version numbers. The first one is the system version, and
the second one is the version of the satellite reception’s software.
tftpload
Loads the last profile downloaded by TFTP.
tftpsave
Makes the current profile ready to TFTP upload.
traceroute + IP address or «Host» name
Prints the route that packets take to reach network host.
numeric: Prints hop addresses numerically rather than symbolically and
numerically.
timeout: The process of traceroute will not exceed nsecond.
tos: Sets the type of service in probe packets to the following value (default
zero). The value must be a decimal integer in the range 0 to 255.
verbose: Verbose output. Received ICMP
TIME_EXCEEDED and UNREACHABLEs are listed.
packets
other
than
wait: Sets the time (in seconds) to wait for a response to a probe (default 5
sec.).
tsdump
TS Dump is an MPEG2-TS (Transport Stream) monitoring tool. It can
perform the following tasks:
-Display the selected (by PIDs) TS packets in different ways (hexa,
hexdump style...).
-Record the selected TS packets into a file (using the browser or a FTP
server).
-Display statistics of the selected PIDs.
display_dump_date: If selected, tsdump will display the start and end dates at
the end of the dump.
display_pid_nbr: If selected, tsdump will display the PID number before each
TS packet.
diplay_pid_rate: If selected, tsdump will display each PIDs bit rate at the end
of the dump.
display_pkt_count: If selected, tsdump will display the number of TS packets
received for each PID at the end of the dump.
81
Configuring the IPR-S1000
display_which_bytes: The number of displayed octets for each packet.
display_which_pkts: The interveal of packages between two postings.
ftp_addr: Access parameters to FTP server which will store TS flow. Necessary
only if FTP is selected.
ftp_login: Access parameters to FTP server which will store TS flow.
Necessary only if FTP is selected.
ftp_passwd: Access parameters to FTP server which will store TS flow.
Necessary only if FTP is selected.
ftp_path: Access parameters to FTP server which will store TS flow. Necessary
only if FTP is selected.
ftp_port: Access parameters to FTP server which will store TS flow. Necessary
only if FTP is selected.
mode_ftp: Selects the FTP mode of analysis.
mode_hexa: Screen select mode (hexadecimal format).
mode_hexaline: Screen select mode (hexaline format).
mode_hexdump: Screen select mode (hexdump format).
mode_stat: Displays statistics only, not packets.
pid_list: This mandatory field must be filled in by a list of Program stream
IDentifier (PID). The PID minimum value is 0 and its maximum value is 8191.
pkt_count: The program will stop after receiving this number of TS packets.
timeout: The program will stop after this number of seconds.
Note: With the Shell interface it is possible not to set a timeout nor a
packet count limit. The user can then stop the program at any time
using CTRL C.
With the read login:
auth (Authentication)
Allows to change the authentication level, i.e to switch to the public,
read or write level. A password is needed only when switching to a
more restricted level.
read: Allows to read the whole IPR-S1000 set up. The user cannot configure the
IPR-S1000.
write: Allows a complete configuration access, and allows to change the set up
parameters.
bye
Allows to exit the shell.
dvb (Digital Video Broadcasting)
Real-time access to the DVB interface.
dlevel: Digital level in percent.
82
Configuring the IPR-S1000
fec: current FEC, useful if FEC auto is enabled.
lock: Yes if locked, No else.
macaddress: MAC address of this interface (it cannot be modified).
macaddresses: List of all MAC addresses currently treated by the receiver
card.
mpebytes: Amount of bytes received at MPE level on the satellite interface.
mpepackets: Amount of IP packets received through MPE on the satellite
interface.
sn: Eb/No. Signal noise ratio in dB.
temp: The temperature (given in celcius degree) of the warmest point to be
found in the equipment.
uncor.: Amount of received packets that have not been corrected since the last
unlocking (up to 127).
vber: Rate of erroneous bits before Read Salomon (for example, a VBER of
1.7E-4> indicates that 1.7 bits are erroneous every 1000 bits).
dvbdump
Table dump.
bat: bouquet association table.
cat: conditional access table.
eit: event information table.
nit: network information table.
pat: program association table.
pid_revealer: gives the type of flow.
pmt_pid: program map table.
rst: running status table.
sdt: service description table.
tdt: time and date table.
tot: time offset table.
exit
Allows to exit the shell.
get
Asks for the attribute value of the section.attribut. Pressing Tab after
«get» will display all the available attributes (see part C: sections and
attributes). They will be summed up in the next section.
getdefault
Allows to know the name of the starting profile. If nothing is displayed,
it means it is the factory profile.
help
Displays helpful information about commands.
83
Configuring the IPR-S1000
ipdump
Dumps network traffic.
bytecount: Indicates the program to analyze a certain number of bytes (default
number: 68 bytes).
custom: Allows to enter an expression for the filter (TCP Dump format).
display: Allows to display the contents of the packet (either hexadecimal, or
hexadecimal + ASCII).
dns (domain name system): Allows to convert an IP address into a name.
interface: Allows to choose the interface on which one will scan the packages.
link: Allows to display information of level link.
packcount: The maximum number of packets that one wants to capture.
promiscuous: Allows to see all the packages that arrive on the interface,
including those that are not intended for the interface.
protocol: Allows to restrict a certain protocol among the packages filtered on
the interface that one listens to.
quick: Allows to have a reduced display (minimum of essential information).
timeout: Maximum duration of the capture (in seconds).
timestamp: Displays time information on each packet (time is specific to the
equipment).
verbose: Defines a level of smoothness of analysis. The more the level is
raised, the more the analysis is fine.
lastprofile
Prints the last loaded profile (followed by a «*» if modified).
mget ATTR1 ATTR2 ...
Retrieves multiple attribute values. Pressing Tab after «get» will
display all the available attributes (see part C: sections and attributes).
They will be summed up in the next section.
nat (Network address translation)
Displays NAT information.
stat: Provides statistics relating to address translation.
netstat (Network statistics)
Getting network statistics.
arp (address resolution protocol): Protocol allowing to connect an IP address
and an Ethernet address.
iface: Statistics per interface.
proto: Statistics per protocol.
route: Routing table.
ping
Send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST packets to network hosts.
84
Configuring the IPR-S1000
count: The number of ECHO_REQUEST.
numeric: Allows to display IP addresses.
timeout: Lifetime of the request.
verbose: Allows to display all received ICMP packets.
ppp (Point to point protocol)
Acts on PPP process.
close: Allows to force, on request, the closing of the session.
isstarted: Allows to know if PPP service is launched. It automatically launches
out when a road borrows the PPP interface.
isup: Allows to know if PPP session is active. If active, allows to know
negotiated IP addresses.
pptp (point to point tuneling protocol)
PPTP module - VPN over PPTP.
close: Allows to force, on request, the closing of the session.
isstarted: Allows to know if PPTP service is launched. It automatically launches
out when a road borrows the PPTP interface.
isup: Allows to know if PPTP session is active. If active, allows to know
negotiated IP addresses.
quit
Allows to exit the shell.
spectrum
Spectrum analyser.
syslog
Displays system messages. To stop the flow, press CTRL C.
system
System action.
autoupdate: Allows to install or delete a new firmware received by the satellite
link.
date: Displays the current time and date.
kernelclean: Allows to delete the previous firmware.
kernelcontents: Displays the firmware contents.
kernelstate: Displays the number of firmware present on the Flash Card.
kernelswap: Allows to switch from the current firmware to the previous one.
packages: Displays the list of installed packages (software) and their version
numbers.
reboot: Allows to restart the IPR-S1000.
tftpget: Allows to retrieve a kernel or a profile from the specified TFTP server.
85
Configuring the IPR-S1000
tftpput: Allows to put a kernel or a profile on the specified TFTP server.
version: Displays two version numbers. The first one is the system version, and
the second one is the version of the satellite reception’s software.
traceroute + IP address or «host» name
Prints the route that packets take to reach network host.
numeric: Prints hop addresses numerically rather than symbolically and
numerically.
timeout: The process of traceroute will not exceed nsecond.
tos: Sets the type of service in probe packets to the following value (default
zero). The value must be a decimal integer in the range 0 to 255.
verbose: Verbose output. Received ICMP
TIME_EXCEEDED and UNREACHABLEs are listed.
packets
other
than
wait: Sets the time (in seconds) to wait for a response to a probe (default 5
sec.).
tsdump
TS Dump is an MPEG2-TS (Transport Stream) monitoring tool. It can
perform the following tasks:
-Display the selected TS packets in different ways (hexa, hexdump
style...),
-Record the selected TS packets into a file (using the browser or a FTP
server),
-Display statistics of the selected PIDs.
display_dump_date: If selected, ts dump will display the start and end dates at
the end of the dump.
display_pid_nbr: If selected, ts dump will display the PID number before each
TS packet.
diplay_pid_rate: If selected, ts dump will display each PIDs bit rate at the end
of the dump.
display_pkt_count: If selected, ts dump will display the number of TS packets
received for each PID at the end of the dump.
display_which_bytes: The number of displayed octets for each packet.
display_which_pkts: The interveal of packages between two postings.
ftp_addr: Access parameters to FTP server which will store TS flow.
ftp_login: Access parameters to FTP server which will store TS flow.
ftp_passwd: Access parameters to FTP server which will store TS flow.
ftp_path: Access parameters to FTP server which will store TS flow.
ftp_port: Access parameters to FTP server which will store TS flow.
mode_ftp: Selects the FTP analysis mode.
mode_hexa: Screen select mode (hexadecimal format).
mode_hexaline: Screen select mode (hexaline format).
mode_hexdump: Screen select mode (hexdump format).
mod_stat: Displays statistics only, not packages.
86
Configuring the IPR-S1000
pid_list: This mandatory field must be filled in by a list of Program stream
IDentifiers (PID). The PID minimum value is 0 and its maximum value is 8191.
pkt_count: The program will stop after receiving this number of TS packets.
timeout: The program will stop after this number of seconds.
Note: With the Shell interface, it is possible not to set a timeout nor
a packet count limit. The user can then stop the program at any time
using CTRL C.
3. Sections and attributes
To obtain information on sections and attributes, you must use
the «get» or «set» command, according to your need.
Example: get dvb.fec
(press «Enter» to get the answer)
If the value is a list of values, the separating character is the
comma «,». If the value is made up of several elements, the
separating character is the semicolon «;».
Example:
set ip.routes_iface = 192.168.31.0/24 ; PPP, 192.168.1.0/24 ; ETH
In that case, the value is a list of made up values. The two
elements of the list are the following: 192.168.31.0/24 ; PPP and
192.168.1.0/24 ; ETH. Each element contains two values. For the first
one: on the one hand, the target network address, and on the other
hand, the PPP interface.
Note: One of the elements of a made up value can, in certain cases,
be empty. For example: set ip.routes_gateway = 192.168.31.0/24 ;
192.168.1.254 ; ,192.168.2.0/24 ; 192.168.1.254 ; 192.168.1.3
In that case, the first route is made up of three elements:
- the target network 192.168.31.0/24
- the gateway 192.168.1.254
- the address of the interface is empty
bandwidth.size
Allows to reduce the capacity of reception of the receiver by
parameterizing the bandwidth limiter of the receiver card.
dvb.bauds
DVB baud rate [1-45000] in KBauds.
87
Configuring the IPR-S1000
dvb.crc_mpe
Yes if CRC MPE is computed, No else.
dvb.dvb_ipaddr
IP address/network mask of the DVB interface.
dvb.fec
FEC value.
dvb.freq
Reception frequency in GHz.
dvb.hiband_inf
Valid values for high band.
dvb.hiband_offset
Local oscillator value for high band.
dvb.hiband_sup
Valid values for high band.
dvb.ipcopy
IP copy configuration.
dvb.ipcopy_prefix
2 first bytes to use in MAC address with IP copy.
dvb.llcsnap
LLC SNAP activation; 0=discard, 1=802.1, 2=802.2, 3=both.
dvb.lnb
Yes if LNB is powered, No otherwise.
dvb.lock_param
Lock phase configuration.
dvb.lowband_inf
Valid values for low band.
dvb.lowband_offset
Local Oscillator for low band.
dvb.lowband_sup
Valid values for low band.
dvb.macaddr_comp
Number of bytes of the MAC address taken into account.
dvb.mod
Type of modulation.
88
Configuring the IPR-S1000
dvb.mpe_pids
List of MPE PIDs.
dvb.mtu
MTU of DVB interface.
dvb.polar
horizontal/LHCP/18v or vertical/RHCP/14v.
dvb.relax_bauds
Yes if baud rate is permissive, No otherwise.
dvb.scan_freq
Yes if frequency is scanned, No otherwise.
dvb.scan_params
Scan configuration.
dvb.tune_freq
Yes if frequency is tuned, No otherwise.
dvb.tuned_freq
Tuned frequency value.
eth.eth_alias
List of secondary IP addresses for the Ethernet.
eth.media
Media type (same order as on the web).
eth.netip
IP address/network mask of the DVB interface.
ip.auto_mcast_addr
Auto configuration of multicast routing = Yes, No otherwise.
ip.broadcast
Yes if broadcast is bridged, No otherwise.
ip.dns
One or two IP addresses of DNS.
ip.domain
Refers to the domain name.
ip.hostname
Refers to the host name.
ip.icmp_redirect
Yes if icmp redirect is enabled, No otherwise.
89
Configuring the IPR-S1000
ip.keepforus
Yes if bridged traffic is analyzed, No otherwise.
ip.macaddr
Source MAC address policy for bridging MPE traffic.
ip.mcast_addr
List of multicast senders IP addresses.
ip.multicast
Multicast 0=none, 1=routing, 2=bridging.
ip.netforward
Unicast 0=none, 1=routing, 2=bridging.
ip.routes_gateway
List of routes by/per gateway.
ip.routes_iface
List of routes by/per interface.
ipcrypt.active
Allows to activate or not IP Crypt functionality.
ipcrypt.rules
Allows to define the rules (up to 100 rules).
ipf.active
Allows to activate or not filtering (firewall).
ipf.rules
Allows to define the filtering rules.
ipf.rules_ppp_up
Filtering rules that will be installed at PPP connection, and removed at
PPP disconnection.
macaddress.addresses
Allows to add additional MAC addresses.
misc.code_r
Password for read access/manages the password in reading mode.
misc.code_w
Password for write access/manages the password in writing mode.
misc.tftpserver
Allows to back up the address of the TFTP server used.
nat.active
Allows to activate NAT (Network Address Translation) service.
90
Configuring the IPR-S1000
nat.autoiface_active
Activation of interface change mechanism for incoming IP packages. It
is strongly recommended to leave the parameter at AUTO.
nat.autoiface_iface
The interface of entering IP packets.
nat.dyn_active
Allows the automatic choice of the NAT process address to be
activated or not.
nat.dyn_iface
Specifies which interface is used for the automatic choice of the
address.
nat.msq_in_alias
Specifies the IP address of the outside network that intervenes in NAT
mechanism.
nat.msq_in_net
Specifies the inside network that must be changed.
nat.msq_out_iface
The interface which is in the "outside network".
ppp.authname
The login used in the SEND authname script command.
ppp.chat
The script used for the connection only.
ppp.debug
Allows you to have debugging information.
ppp.disconnect
The script used for the disconnection only.
ppp.modem_init
The initialization string used in the SEND init string script command.
ppp.options
The list of the options of PPP connection.
ppp.password
The password used in the SEND password script command.
ppp.phone
The phone number used in the SEND phone script command.
pptp.active
Allows to activate the VPN process. This means that the VPN interface
91
Configuring the IPR-S1000
becomes available. This does not mean that the PPTP connection is
established: the PPTP session remains down as long as no packets
are transmitted by this interface.
pptp.authname
Contains the authentification login.
pptp.connect_timer
It is the timeout of the first connection. It is recommended to set a value
just greater than the time to set up the PPP link.
pptp.debug
Allows to have debugging information in the IPR-S1000 logging system
(see Syslog).
pptp.keep_alive_timer
Allows to configure the time between the keep-alive frames.
pptp.options
The list of the options of PPTP connection.
pptp.password
Contains the password.
pptp.pns
Contains the IP address or the FQDN of the PNS, i.e. the PPTP server.
pptp.retry
It is the number of time the connection to the PNS is made. There after,
the connection fails, and the PPTP process is reinitialized.
pptp.retry_timer
Timeout of the connections after the first one, which is configured by
«connect timer».
snmp.active
Activation of SNMP service.
snmp.community
Community for the access in reading mode only.
snmp.wcommunity
Community for the access in reading and writing mode.
snmp.syscontact
Syscontact key of MIB II.
snmp.syslocation
Syslocation key of MIB II.
snmp.traps
Allows to configure the IP address of the manager and the community
92
Configuring the IPR-S1000
that the SNMP agent will use to send traps.
syslog.active
Activation of the syslog service.
syslog.config
List of the options that allows to filter the messages of the IPR-S1000
log.
udlr.active
Activation of UDLR service.
udlr.dtcp_group
The multicast group in which DTCP information are received.
udlr.dtcp_nofeed_router
A default gateway which is installed when the DTCP feed is lost.
udlr.dtcpd
Activation or not of DTCP service.
udlr.feeds
The list of UDLR feeds. If udlr.dtcpd is activated, the list is automatically
filled out according to the received information.
udlr.return_type
The type of route that allows to join the feed (either modem, or router).
udlr.router
When router is activated, the UDLR key router contains the gateway to
reach the feed.
IV. The SNMP interface
SNMP interface offers another possibility to configure the IPR-S1000.
SNMP is a protocol used to carry out network management. It allows to
control a remote network by questioning the stations (which are part of
the network), on their state and modify their configuration. The SNMP
protocol also allows to operate control tests and observe various
information related to the emission of data.mation.
IPricot DVB MIB can be downloaded on the Web interface.
93
Configuring the IPR-S1000
GLOSSARY
Analog
Used to transmit audio such as voice, radio, stereo and control tones.
Antenna
A device for transmitting and receiving radio waves.
ATSC
The Advanced Television Systems Committee is an international, non-profit
membership organization developing voluntary standards for the entire spectrum of
advanced television systems. Specifically, ATSC is working to coordinate television
standards among different communications media focusing on digital television,
interactive systems, and broadband multimedia communications.
Band
A unit for designating a specific frequency of range of frequencies in the
electromagnetic spectrum. Satellite communications most commonly use the C-Band
(6/4 GHz) or Ku-Band (14/11 and 14/12 GHz) frequencies. Future satellite systems
will make use of bands above 20 GHz to gain additional capacity and to avoid
congestion andinterference with systems operating at lower frequencies.
Bandwidth
A means of capacity that indicates the amount of frequency spectrum required by a
telecommunications service or system. Services requiring bandwidth greater than 200
KHz are known as "broadband". Those requiring less capacity are "narrowband". Also,
the numerical difference in Hertz (Hz) between the highest and lowest in use.
Base-T
Standard of communication specific to Ethernet.
Baud
A unit of transmission speed equal to the number of times the state of a changes per
second. Equal to the bit-per-second rate only if each signal element represents one bit
of information. Baud rate usually refers to the number of bits transmitted each second.
(Baud rate=Symbol rate).
Bidirectional
Able to send data in both directions.
Bridge
A device that connects two or more physical networks and forwards packets between
them. Bridges can usually be made to filter packets, that is, to forward only certain
traffic. Related devices are repeaters which simply forward electrical signals from one
cable to another and full-fledged routers which make routing decisions based on
several criteria.
94
Broadband
A technique for sending data, voice, and video traffic over long distances by
transmitting high-frequency signals over coaxial or fiber optic cables.
Broadcast
A packet delivery system where a copy of a given packet is given to all hosts attached
to the network.
Cable
Transmission medium of copper wire or optical fiber wrapped in a protective cover.
C-Band
This is the band between 4 and 8 GHz with the 6 and 4 GHz band being used for
satellite communications. Specifically, the 3.7 to 4.2 GHz satellite communication
band is used as the down link frequencies in tandem with the 5.925 to 6.425 GHz band
that serves as the uplink.
Channel
Any pathway between two computers or terminals. It can be the physical medium, such
as the cable, or the specific carrier frequency (subchannel) with a larger channel or
wireless medium.
Chipset
A group of chips designed to work as a unit to perform a function.
Coaxial cable
Commonly called coax. A high-capacity cable used in communications and video that
contains an insulated solid or stranded wire surrounded by a solid or braided metallic
shield, wrapped in a plastic cover.
Configuration
The makeup of a system which includes hardware and software settings.
Convergence
The intersection of red, green, and blue electron beams on one CRT pixel.
CRC
Cyclic Redundancy Check. Detects transmission errors.
Database
A set of related files created and managed by a database management system.
Datagram
A TCP/IP message unit that contains Internet source and destination addresses and
data.
Digital
A means for encoding information in a communications signal through the use of bits
(binary digits). Digital transmission is increasingly replacing analog transmission
because it provides more efficiency and flexibility for networking.
DNS
Domain Name System. The distributed name/address mechanism used in the Internet.
Downlink
The equipment used to receive the signals from a satellite.
DRO
Dielectric Resonator or Dielectrically Stabilized Oscillator. Highly stable oscillator
circuit employed by LNBs and BDCs (block downconverter).
DTCP
Dynamic Tunnel Configuration Protocol. The DTCP protocol is a lightweight
datagram protocol.
DVB
Digital Video Broadcasting. A group of over 200 organisations from 23 countries
which developed system specifications for the transmission of MPEG-2 digital signals
by satellite, cable and terrestrial links. These specifications were passed through the
European Telecommunications standards Institute to form an ETSI standard.
DVMRP
Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol. A protocol for gateways that uses a dense
mode IP multicast scheme. It is based on RIP and uses IGMP to exchange routing
datagrams with neighboring gateways. (see RFC 1812).
Encapsulation
Taking data formatted for one protocol and enclosing it within another protocol in
order to transmit the data successfully accross a type of network the original protocol
was not designed for.
Encrypt
Using cryptography to encode data for security purposes for transmission over a public
network. The original text, or plain text, is converted into a coded equivalent called
ciphertext via an encryption algorithm. The ciphertext is decoded (decrypted) at the
receiving end with the use of a decryption key.
Ethernet
Ethernet is the most widely used local area network (LAN) technology. The original
and most popular version of Ethernet supports a data transmission rate of 10 Mb/s.
“Newer versions of Ethernet called fast“Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet support data
rates of 100 Mb/s and 1 Gb/s (1000 Mb/s). An Ethernet LAN may use coaxial cable,
special grades of twisted pair wiring, or fiber optic cable. Bus and Star wiring
configurations are supported. Ethernet devices compete for access to the network using
a protocol called Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD).
FEC
Forward Error Correction. A technique for improving the robustness of data
transmission. Excess bits are included in the outgoing data stream so that errorcorrection algorithms can be applied upon reception.
Firmware
A category of memory chips that hold their content without electrical power and
include ROM, PROM, EPROM, and EEPROM technologies.
Flash card
A type of memory storage device approximately the size of a matchbox, capable of
recording several megabytes of (usually compressed) digitized audio files or data files.
Frame relay
A high-speed packet-switching protocol used in wide area networks (WANs). Frame
Relay provides for a granular service up to DS1 rates of 1.544 Mbps and is suited for
data and image transfer.
Frequency
The number of times that an alternating current goes through its complete cycle in one
second of time. One cycle per second is also referred to as “one hertz; 1000 cycles per
second, one kilohertz; 1,000,000 cycles per” second, one megahertz, and
1,000,000,000 cycles per second one gigahertz.
Gateway
A computer that performs protocol conversion between different types of networks or
applications.
Hardware
Machinery and equipment (CPU, disks, tapes, modem, cables, etc.).
IANA
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority: central coordinator for the assignment of unique
parameter values for Internet protocols.
IEC
International Electrotechnical Commission: an organization that sets international
electrical and electronics standards founded in 1906 and headquartered in Geneva.
IGMP
Internet Group Management Protocol: protocol used by the IP host to report its
multicast group memberships to an adjacent multicast router (see RFC 2236).
Init string
Initialization String: a character string made up of control codes and commands that is
sent to a printer of modem for setup and initialization.
IP
An identifier for a computer or device on a TCP/IP network. Networks using the TCP/
IP protocol route messages based on the IP address of the destination. The format of an
IP address is a 32-bit numeric address written as four numbers separated by periods.
Each number can be zero to 255. For example, 1.160.10.240 could be an IP address.
Within an isolated network, you can assign IP addresses at random as long as each one
is unique. However, connecting a private network to the Internet requires using
registered IP addresses (called Internet addresses) to avoid duplicates (see RFC 791).
IRD
Integrated Receiver Decoder. Set-top box used for the reception and descrambling of
signals. In the case of digital reception, the decoder is integrated with the satellite
receiver.
ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network: an international telecommunications standard for
transmission over digital lines running at 64 kbps. ISDN uses 64-kbps circuit-switched
channels, called B channels, or bearer channels, and a separate D channel, or delta,
channel for control signals.
ISO
International Standards Organization: based in Geneva, Switzerland. It is responsible
for promoting global trade of 90 member countries and establishing a wide range of
voluntary standards including those pertaining to networking. The ISO developed the
OSI reference model.
ITU
United Nation’s specialised agency for telecommunications. The ITU holds periodic
conferences at which telecommunications issues of global importance are discussed.
The main conferences are the World Radio Conference (WRC) and the World
Telephone and Telegraph Conference (WTTC). It is the ITU which co-ordinates the
frequencies used for a satellite transmission from an orbital position.
Kbps
Kilobits per second: standard measurement of data rate and transmission capacity. One
kbps equals 1000 bits per second.
Ku-band
Portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the 12-to 14-GHz range.
LAN
Local Area Network. A network connecting computers in a relatively small area.
L-band
The frequency range from 0.5 to 1.5 GHz. Also used to refer to the 950 to 1450 MHz
used for mobile communications.
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display. LCD displays utilize two sheets of polarizing material with a
liquid crystal solution between them. An electric current passed through the liquid
causes the crystals to align so that light cannot pass through them. Each crystal,
therefore, is like a shutter, either allowing light to pass through or blocking the light.
LED
Light Emitting Diodes. LEDs are special diodes that emit light when connected in a
circuit. They are frequently used as pilot light in electronic appliances to indicate
whether the circuit is closed or not.
LLC
Logical Link Control. Data link layer sublayer defined by the IEEE. The LLC
sublayerhandles error control, flow control, framing, and MAC-sublayer addressing.
LLC SNAP
Subnetwork Access Protocol. An Internet protocol that operates between a network
entity in the subnetwork and a network entity in the end system. The SNAP entity in
the end system makes use of the services of the subnetwork and performs three key
functions: data transfer, connection management, and QoS selection.
LNB
Low Noise Block Amplifier/Converter. Hardware device for converting and
amplifying a band of satellite signals from a high frequency (usually GHz) into lower
IF frequency (usually MHz). The LNB is mounted in the focal spot of a satellite dish.
MCPC
Multiple Channel Per carrier. DTH satellite TV programmers use a transmission
format called Multiple Channel Per Carrier to multiplex two or more program services
into a single unified digital bit stream. With MCPC, a package of program services can
use the same conditional access and forward error correction systems, thereby
economizing on the overall bandwidth and transmission speed requirements.
Microwave
The frequency range from approximately 500 MegaHertz (MHz) to 30 GigaHertz
(GHz).
Modem
MOdulator-DEModulator. A device that adapts a terminal or computer to a telephone
line converting the computer’s digital pulses into audio frequencies (analog) for the
telephone system and converts the frequencies back into digital pulses at the receiving
side.
Modulation
The alteration of a carrier wave in relation to the value of the data being transferred.
Analogue satellite transmission use FM modulation . Digital satellite transmission use
QPSK modulation.
MPE
Multi Protocol Encapsulation.
MPEG
Moving Pictures Experts Group. A proposed International standards organisation (IS)
standard for digital video and audio compression for moving images.
Multicast
A special form of broadcast where copies of the packet are delivered to only a subset of
all possible destinations.
Network
An interconnection of computer systems, terminals, or data-communications facilities.
NTP
Network Time Protocol. Protocol built on top of TCP that assures accurate local timekeeping with reference to radio and atomic clocks located on the Internet. (see RFC
1305).
Packet
A sequence of data, with associated control information, that is switched and
transmitted as a whole.
PES
Packetized elementary stream (MPEG elementary stream after packetization).
PID
Packet Identifier (PES identification number in the DVB standard).
Pixel
The smallest element or dot on a video-display screen.
PLL
Phase Locked Loop. A type of oscillator that uses digital circuits and a precision
reference signal to accurately control the frequency of the conversion oscillator. An
LNB that incorporates a PLL oscillator has the characteristics of very low levels of
phase noise and high levels of frequency stability.
Plug and Play
Also known as PnP, it is an Intel standard for the design of PC expansion boards that
the IRQ and DMA settings and I/O and memory addresses self-configure on startup.
Polarization
A technique used by the satellite designer to increase the capacity of the satellite
transmission channels by reusing the satellite transponder frequencies. In linear
crosspolarization schemes, half of the transponders beam their signals to earth in a
vertically polarized mode, the other half horizontally polarize their down links.
Although the two sets of frequencies overlap, they are 90 degree out of phase, and will
not interfere with each other. To successfully receive and decode these signals on
earth, the earth station must be outfitted with a properly polarized feedhom to select the
vertically or horizontally polarized signals as designed.
PPP
Point-To-Point Protocol. A data link protocol that provides dialup access over serial
lines by encapsulating protocols in specialized Network Control Protocol packets.
These packets can be used to replace a network adapter driver which allows remote
users can log on to the network as if they were in-house (see RFC 1661).
Profile
A set of parameter values that can be defined and stored. IPRS Profiles can be
downloaded using TFTP. Profiles are saved in a dotlink.cfg file).
PSK
Phase-Shift Keying. A phase-modulation technique in which phase shifts represents
signaling elements.
PSTN
Public Switched Telephone Network. The worldwide voice telephone network.
QAM
Quadrature Amplitude Modulation. A modulation technique that generates four bits
out of one baud.
QPSK
Quadrature Phase Shift Keying. QPSK is a digital frequency modulation technique
used for sending data over coaxial cable networks. Since it is both easy to implement
and fairly resistent to noise, QPSK is used primarily for sending data from the cable
subscriber upstream to the Internet.
Reboot
Allows you to restart IPr-S.
Receiver
A part of reception equipment used to tune into a single channel broadcast from a
satellite.
RIP
Routing Information Protocol. A routing protocol in TCP/IP and NetWare used to
identify all attached networks as well as the number of router hops required to reach
them (see RFC 1058 and RFC 2453).
Router
A system responsible for making decisions about which of several paths network (or
Internet) traffic will follow. To do this it uses a routing to gain information about the
network, and algorithms to choose the best route based on several criteria known as
routing metrics. In OSI terminology, a router is a Network Layer intermediate system.
Historically, routers were called gateways in Internet terminology.
SCPC
Single Channel Per Carrier. A satellite transmission system that employs a separate
carrier for each channel, as opposed to freqency division multiplexing that combines
many channels on a single carrier.
Set-top box
Popular denomination of an integrated receiver decoder (IRD).
Shell
An outer layer of a program that provides the user interface, or way of commanding the
computer.
SLIP
Serial Line Internet Protocol. An older protocol for Internet Protocol connections over
telephone lines, RS-232 cables, or other serial lines.
SMDS
Switched Multi-megabit Data Services: a connectionless service used to connect
LANs, MANs, and WANs to exchange data.
SN
Signal to noise ratio in dB.
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol. A widely used network monitoring and control
protocol where activity in each network device (hub, router, bridge, etc.), is sent to the
workstation console used to oversee the network (see RFC 1157).
Standalone
Self-contained unit that works outside its host computer.
Static Route
A route that is explicitly configured and entered into the routing table. Static routes
take precedence over routes chosen by dynamic routing protocols.
Streaming
1) Transmitting data continuously.
2) An error condition in which a device continuously transmits random data.
SymbolRate
The symbol rate is the rate at which the data leaves the modulator. Symbol rate is
expressed in Mbaud (some prefer Msymb).
TCP/IP or Transmission Control Protocol
A connection oriented protocol designed for operation on the Internet. Considered to
be a common language between otherwise incompatible computers.
TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol. The simplified version of FTP. It enables file transfers
between two computers over a network (see RFC 1350).
Transponder
Electronic device in a communication satellite receiving information from an earth
station and re-sending it after frequency conversion and amplification to earth
station(s) or consumers; there is generally one transponder per RF channel.
Tuner
An adjustment for variable selection or tuning of a center frequency or channel.
UDLR
UniDirectional Link Routing. Standardized mechanism for integrating unidirectional
links in the Internet (see RFC 3077).
UNICAST
Unicast is communication between a single sender and a single receiver over a
network. The term exists in contradistinction to multicast, communication between a
single sender and multiple receivers.
UPLINK
Communication link from an earth station to a satellite, supplying the information to be
rebroadcast by one or more transponder(s).
USB
Universal Serial Bus. Serial 4-wire bus architecture for peripheral I/O ports, that
autosenses up to 128 peripherals at a distance of 5 m (16.4ft.) and at a maximum data
rate of 12 Mbps.
VSAT
Very Small Aperture Terminal. This is normally a two-way satellite transmission
system.
WAN
Wide-Area Network. A data-communications network spread accross a wide
geographic area and incorporating a large number of users. A WAN often uses
transmission devices provided by common carriers. Examples of WANs include Frame
Relay, SMDS, and X.25.
Watchdog
Device or software being used to supervise a particular event and acting (for example
giving alarm) in the event of abnormal operation.
WEB/WWW
Short for World Wide Web.
Wireless
Transmission without a physical connection between stations.
IPricot SA
10-12 avenue de Verdun
92250 La Garenne Colombes
FRANCE
Tel: +33 1 46 52 53 00
Fax: +33 1 46 52 53 01
E-mail:[email protected]
http://www.IPricot.com
IPricot
North America
3539 St Charles Blvd Suite 604
Kirkland, Quebec
H9H 3C4 CANADA
Tel: +1 514 981 7308
Fax: +1 514 630 6841
E-mail:[email protected]
http://www.IPricot.com
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement