Arduino M0 - Electrocomponents
Arduino M0
Overview
With the new Arduino M0 board, the more creative individual will have the
potential to create one’s most imaginative and new ideas for IoT devices,
wearable technologies, high tech automation, wild robotics and other not yet
thinkable adventures in the world of makers.
The Arduino M0 represents a simple, yet powerful, 32-bit extension of the
Arduino UNO platform. The board is powered by Atmel’s SAMD21 MCU, featuring
a 32-bit ARM Cortex® M0 + core.
With the addition of the M0 board, the Arduino family becomes larger with a new
member providing increased performance.
The power of its Atmel’s core gives this board an upgraded flexibility and boosts
the scope of projects one can think of and make; moreover, it makes the M0 the
ideal educational tool for learning about 32-bit application development.
Summary
Microcontroller
Operating Voltage
Input Voltage (recommended)
Input Voltage (limits) Digital I/O Pins
Analog Input Pins
Analog Output Pins
DC Current per I/O Pin
Flash Memory
SRAM
Clock Speed
Schematic &
Reference Design
EAGLE files: arduino-M0-reference-design.zip
Schematic: arduino-M0-schematic.pdf
Power
The Arduino M0 can be powered via the micro USB connection or with an
external power supply. The power source is selected automatically.
External (non-USB) power can come either from an AC-to-DC adapter (wallwart) or battery. The adapter can be connected to the board by plugging a 2.1mm
center-positive plug into the board’s power jack. Leads from a battery can be
inserted in the Gnd and Vin pin headers of the POWER connector.
ATSAMD21G18, 48pins LQFP
3.3V
6-15 V
4.5-20 V
14, with 12 PWM and UART
6, 12-bit ADC channels
1, 10-bit DAC
7 mA
256 KB
32 KB
48 MHz
The board will automatically detect which power sources are available and
choose which one to use according to the following priority:
• External power
• Target USB
External power is required when the 500mA through the USB connector is not
enough to power a connected USB device in a USB host application.
The power pins are as follows:
• VIN. The input voltage to the Arduino board when it’s using an external
power source (as opposed to 5 volts from the USB connection or other
regulated power source). You can supply voltage through this pin, or, if
supplying voltage via the power jack, access it through this pin. The allowed
input voltage range for this pin (and for the power jack connector) is 6-20V.
• 5V. The regulated power supply used to power the microcontroller and
other components on the board. This can come either from VIN via an onboard regulator, or be supplied by USB or another regulated 5V supply. The
maximum current output provided by the on-board regulator is 1A (according
to the power input source).
• 3V3. A 3.3 volt supply generated by the on-board regulator. Maximum
current draw is 1A (according to the power input source).
• GND. Ground pins.
• IOREF. The voltage at which the i/o pins of the board are operating (i.e. VCC
for the board). This is 3.3V on the M0.
Memory
The ATSAMD21G18 has 256 KB of flash program memory (with 4 KB used for
the bootloader). The bootloader is factory pre burnt by Atmel and is stored in a
dedicated ROM memory. The bootloader is protected using the NVM fuse.
It also carries 32 KB of SRAM and up to 16KB by emulation of EEPROM (which can
be read and written with the EEPROM library).
Input and
Output
Each of the 14 digital i/o pins on the M0 can be used as an input or output,
using pinMode(), digitalWrite(), and digitalRead() functions. They operate at
3.3 volts. 7mA as maximum DC current for I/O pins and an internal pull-up
resistor (disconnected by default) of 20-60 kOhms. In addition, some pins have
specialized functions:
• Serial: 0 (RX) and 1 (TX). Used to receive (RX) and transmit (TX) TTL serial
data using the ATSAMD21G18 hardware serial capability. Note that on the M0,
the Serial class refers to USB (CDC) communication; for serial on pins 0 and 1,
use the Serial1 class.
• TWI: 2 (SDA) and 3 (SCL). Support TWI communication using the Wire library.
• PWM: Pins 2 to 13 Provide 8-bit PWM output with the analogWrite() function.
The resolution of the PWM can be changed with the analogWriteResolution()
function.
Note1 The pins 4 and 10 can not be used simultaneously as PWM.
Note2 The pins 5 and 12 can not be used simultaneously as PWM.
• SPI: on the ICSP header. These pins support SPI communication using the SPI
library. Note that the SPI pins are not connected to any of the digital I/O pins
as they are on the Uno, They are only available on the ICSP connector. This
means that if you have a shield that uses SPI, but does NOT have a 6-pin ICSP
connector that connects to the M0’s 6-pin ICSP header, the shield will not
work.
• LED: 13. There is a built-in LED connected to digital pin 13. When the pin is
HIGH value, the LED is on, when the pin is LOW, it’s off.
• Analog Inputs: A0-A5. The M0 has 6 analog inputs, labeled A0 through
A5. Pins A0-A5 appear in the same locations as on the Uno; Each analog
input provides 12 bits of resolution (i.e. 4096 different values). By default
the analog inputs measure from ground to 3.3 volts, though is it possible
to change the upper end of their range using the AREF pin and the
analogReference() function.
• DAC: pin A0 provides true analog outputs with 10-bits resolution (1023
levels) with the analogWrite() function. This pin can be used to create an
audio output using the Audio library.
• Reset: Bring this line LOW to reset the microcontroller. This is typically used
to add a reset button when shields are used that block the one already
present on the board.
Communication
The Arduino M0 has a number of facilities for communicating with a computer,
with another Arduino or other microcontrollers, and with different devices like
phones, tablets, cameras and so on. The SAMD21 provides one hardware UART
and three hardware USARTs for 3.3V serial communication.
The Arduino software includes a serial monitor allowing simple textual data to
be sent to and from the board. The RX and TX LEDs on the board will flash when
data is being transmitted via the ATSAMD21G18 chip and USB connection to the
computer (but not for serial communication on pins 0 and 1).
The Native USB port is connected to the SAMD21. It allows for serial (CDC)
communication over USB. This provides a serial connection to the Serial Monitor
or other applications on your computer. It also enables the board to emulate an
USB mouse or keyboard to an attached computer.
The Native USB port can also act as a USB host for connected peripherals such as
mice, keyboards, and smartphones.
The SAMD21 also supports TWI and SPI communication. The Arduino software
includes a Wire library to simplify use of the TWI bus. For SPI communication, you
can use the SPI library.
Programming
The Arduino M0 can be programmed with the Arduino software (download).
If you use Linux-based OS follow the guide Arduino IDE on Linux-based OS.
Uploading sketches to the SAMD21 is different from how it works with the
AVR microcontrollers found in other Arduino boards: the flash memory needs
to be erased before being re-programmed. Upload operation is managed by a
dedicated ROM area on the SAMD21.
USB port: To use this port, select “Arduino M0 (Native USB Port)” as your board
in the Arduino IDE. The Native USB port is connected directly to the SAMD21.
Connect the M0 Native USB port (the one closest to the reset button) to your
computer. Opening and closing the Native port at 1200bps triggers a ‘soft erase’
procedure: the flash memory is erased and the board is restarted with the boot
loader. Opening and closing the native port at a different baudrate will not reset
the SAMD21.
USB
Overcurrent
Protection
The M0 has a resettable polyfuse that protects your computer’s USB ports from
shorts and overcurrent. Although most computers provide their own internal
protection, the fuse provides an extra layer of protection. If more than 500 mA
flows through to the USB port, the fuse will automatically break the connection
until the short or overload is removed.
Physical
Characteristics
The maximum length and width of the M0 PCB are 2.7 and 2.1 inches respectively,
with the USB connector and power jack extending beyond the former dimension.
Four screw holes allow the board to be attached to a surface or case. Note that
the distance between digital pins 7 and 8 is 160 mil (0.16”), not an even multiple
of the 100 mil spacing of the other pins
Conformity
Declaration
FCC
RoHS
CE
Product Code
A000103
Please find
the complete
datasheet on
www.arduino.org
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement