Asus | GIGAX1024P | User's Manual | ASUS GIGAX1024P User's Manual

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Circumstances may arise where because of a default on ASUS’ part or other liability, you are entitled to
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English
Centralized Network
Management
GigaX Management Software
User’s Manual
Product Name:
Manual Revision:
Release Date:
CNM Software
1 E1604
May 2004
Table of Contents
English
1 Introduction ........................................................................... 1-3
1.1 GigaX 1024P Features .................................................... 1-3
1.2 Using this Document ........................................................ 1-5
1.3 ASUS contact information ................................................ 1-5
2 Getting to Know the GigaX 1024P ....................................... 1-6
2.1 Parts List .......................................................................... 1-6
2.2 Front Panel ...................................................................... 1-7
2.3 Rear Panel ....................................................................... 1-7
2.4 Technical Specifications ................................................... 1-8
3 Quick Start Guide .................................................................. 1-9
3.1 Part 1 — Connecting the Hardware ................................. 1-9
3.2 Part 2 —Start the Switch ............................................... 1-11
3.3 Management from CNM ................................................. 1-13
4 Management Functions ...................................................... 1-15
4.1 Start CNM Program ....................................................... 1-15
4.2 Functional Layout .......................................................... 1-16
4.3 General Settings for CNM .............................................. 1-18
4.4 Switch Topology ............................................................. 1-21
4.5 Switch Setup .................................................................. 1-24
4.6 System ........................................................................... 1-25
4.7 Configuration ................................................................. 1-31
4.8 Statistics ......................................................................... 1-38
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GigaX Centralized Network Management User’s Manual
1 Introduction
English
Congratulations on your purchase of the ASUS GigaX 1024P. You can now
manage your LAN (Local Area Network) through a friendly and powerful user
interface, the ASUS CNM. The ASUS CNM runs on Windows OS. Please
refer to the CNM installation guide for CM installation details.
This User Guide will show you how to set up the GigaX 1024P through
CNM, and how to customize its configuration to get the most out of this
product.
1.1 GigaX 1024P Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
(24) 10/100BASE-TX auto-sensing Fast Ethernet switching ports
(2) 10/100/1000BASE-T auto-sensing Gigabit Ethernet switching ports
Auto MDI/MDIX support for 10/100BASE-TX & 10/100/1000BASE-T ports
802.3, 802.3u and 802.3ab compliant
8.8 Gbps switch capacity and 6.6 Mpps forwarding rate
8K MAC address cache with hardware-assisted aging
802.3x flow control
802.1Q-based tagged VLAN, up to 32 VLANs
802.1p CoS (Class of Service), 2 queues per port
IGMP(v1, v2) snooping support
802.3ad link aggregation (trunking), up to 8 trunk groups
Bandwidth management for each port and Tx/Rx direction
Broadcast storming filtering
CNM Windows-based software provides easy management
LEDs for port link status, speed, duplex mode and collisions
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1.2 Using this Document
English
1.2.1 Notational conventions
•
Acronyms are defined the first time they appear in text and in the
glossary.
•
For brevity, the GigaX switch is referred to as the switch.
•
The terms LAN and network are used interchangeably to refer to
a group of Ethernet-connected computers at one site.
1.2.2 Typographical conventions
•
Italics are used to present the texts displayed or you type in the
CNM user interface.
•
Boldface type text is used for items you select from menus and
drop-down lists
1.2.3 Special messages
This document uses the following icons to call your attention to specific
instructions or explanations.
Note: Provides clarification or nonessential information on the current
topic.
Definition: Explains terms or acronyms that may be unfamiliar to many
readers. These terms are also included in the Glossary.
WARNING: Provides messages of high importance, including messages
relating to personal safety or system integrity.
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1.3 ASUS contact information
Web Site Address:
General Email:
General Telephone:
General Fax:
English
ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC. (Asia-Pacific)
www.asus.com.tw
info@asus.com.tw
+886-2-2894-3447
+886-2-2894-7798
Technical Support
Networking (Tel):
MB/Others (Tel):
Notebook (Tel):
Desktop/Server (Tel):
Support Fax:
+886-2-2890-7902 (English)
+886-2-2890-7121 (English)
+886-2-2890-7122 (English)
+886-2-2890-7123 (English)
+886-2-2890-7698
ASUS COMPUTER INTERNATIONAL (America)
Web Site Address:
General Email:
General Fax:
usa.asus.com
tsd@asus.com
+1-510-608-4555
Technical Support
Support Email:
Support Fax:
General Support:
Notebook (Tel):
notebooktsd@asus.com
+1-502-933-8713
+1-502-995-0883
+1-510-739-3777 x5110
ASUS COMPUTER GmbH (Germany & Austria)
Web Site Address:
Online Contact:
General Telephone:
General Fax:
www.asuscom.de
www.asuscom.de/sales
+49-2102-95990
+49-2102-959911
Technical Support
Online Support:
Support Fax:
Component Support:
Notebook Support:
www.asuscom.de/support
+49-2102-959911
+49-2102-95990
+49-2102-959910
ASUS COMPUTER (Middle East and North Africa)
Web Site Address:
General Telephone:
General Fax:
www.ASUSarabia.com
+9714-283-1774
+9714-283-1775
GigaX Centralized Network Management User’s Manual
5
2 Getting to Know the GigaX 1024P
English
2.1 Parts List
In addition to this document, the switch should come with the following:
•
•
•
•
•
6
GigaX 1024P managed switch
AC Power cord
Rack installation kit (2 brackets with 6 screws (M3 x 6L))
Installation CD-ROM
Quick installation guide
GigaX Centralized Network Management User’s Manual
2.2 Front Panel
Label
POWER
Color
Green
Off
10/100 ports from 1 to 24
STATUS / SPEED
Green
Amber
DUPLEX/COLLISION Amber
Light
On
Function
The switch is powered on and operate normally
The switch is powered off
On
Flashing
Off
On
Flashing
On
Flashing
Ethernet link is established in 100 Mbps
Data frames are being transmitted on this port
No Ethernet link
Ethernet link is established in 10 Mbps
Data frames are being transmitted on this port
The port is operating in full duplex mode
The port is operating in half duplex mode and
collisions are occurring
The port is operating in half duplex mode
Off
10/100/1000 Gigabit ports form 25 to 26
STATUS
Green
On
Flashing
Off
SPEED
Green
On
Amber
On
Off
DUPLEX/COLLISION Amber
On
Flashing
Off
English
The front panel contains LED indicators that show the status of the unit.
Link is present
Data frames are being transmitted/received on this port
Link is not present
1000Mbps
100Mbps
10Mbps
The port is operating in full duplex mode
The port is operating in half duplex mode and
collisions are occurring
The port is operating in half duplex mode
2.3 Rear Panel
The rear panel contains the ports for the unit’s power connections.
Label
POWER
Function
Connects to the supplied power cord
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2.4 Technical Specifications
English
Physical Dimensions: 43.5mm(H) X 444 mm(W) X 200mm(D)
8
Environmental Ranges:
Operating temperature:
Storage temperature:
Operating humidity:
Storage humidity:
-10ºC to 50ºC (14ºF to 122ºF)
-40ºC to 70ºC (-40ºF to 158ºF)
15% to 90%
00% to 95%
Power:
Input:
Power Consumption:
100-240V AC / 2.5A / 50-60Hz
12W
GigaX Centralized Network Management User’s Manual
3 Quick Start Guide
English
This Quick Start Guide provides basic instructions to set up the GigaX
environment.
• Part 1 shows you how to install the GigaX on a flat surface or in a rack.
• Part 2 provides instructions to set up the hardware.
• Part 3 shows you how to configure basic settings on the GigaX.
This Quick Start Guide assumes that you have installed ASUS CNM in a
Windows PC. Both the switch and the PC are located in the same network.
For CNM installation, please refer to the CNM installation guide.
3.1 Part 1 — Connecting the Hardware
In Part 1, you select a proper place to install the switch. Please use the
operating environment specifications as references to choose the installation
place. The Ethernet cable length from the switch to an attached device
cannot exceed 100 meters (328 feet).
3.1.1 Installing the Switch on a Flat Surface
The switch should be installed on a level surface that can support the weight
of the switches and their accessories. Attach four rubber pads on the marked
location on the bottom of the switch.
3.1.2 Mounting the Switch in a Rack
1. Attach brackets to each side of the switch and make sure that the posts are
correctly inserted into the switch. Use the screws provided to fasten the
brackets to the switch.
2. Place the switch in the rack, insert and tighten two screws from the brackets
on the swith to the nuts on the rack.
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3.2 Part 2 —Start the Switch
English
In Part 2, this guide will show you how to connect the switch to a power
outlet, to your computer (with CNM installed), and to the network.
3.2.1 Step 1. Connect to the PC with CNM Installed
The switch can be managed through the ASUS CNM software that is running
on a Windows OS computer. Please refer to the CNM installation guide for
details. Before starting the CNM application, you have to connect the PC to
the same network as the switch is attached to.
3.2.2 Step 2. Connect to computers or a LAN
You can use Ethernet cable to connect computers directly to the switch
ports. You can also connect hubs/switches to the switch ports by Ethernet
cables. Note that both the crossover or straight-through Ethernet cable can
be used to connect computers, hubs or switches.
Note: Use twisted-pair Category 5 Ethernet cable to connect the
1000BASE-T port. Otherwise, the link speed can not reach 1Gbps.
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English
3.2.3 Step 3. Attach the power cord.
1. Plug the female end of the AC power cord to the POWER receptacle on the
back of the switch.
2. Check the front LED indicators with the table 3.1. If the LEDs illuminate as
expected, the switch hardware is working properly.
3. Plug the male end of the AC power cord into a wall outlet or a power strip.
Figure 3.1. Overview of Hardware Connections
LED Indicators
This LED
POWER
STATUS of
10/100 ports
STATUS of
Gigabit ports
Should be
Solid green to indicate that the device is turned on. If this light is not on,
check if the power cord is attached to the switch and if it is plugged into a
power source.
Solid green/amber to indicate that the device can communicate with your
LAN or flashing when the device is sending or receiving data from your LAN
computer.
Solid green to indicate that the device can communicate with your LAN or
flashing when the device is sending or receiving data from your LAN
computer.
Table 3.1. LED Indicators
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3.3 Management from CNM
English
In Part 3, start the CNM program and manage the switch to meet your
network requirements. Before starting CNM, make sure that your manage
station is attached to the same network as the switch is. Otherwise, CNM will
not be able to discover the switch.
Note: This version of CNM only manages the switches in the same
network.
3.3.1 Switch Discovery and Management
1. Make sure that the switch is powered ON and that the CNM is installed on
the management station.
2. Click on the CNM shortcut icon in the desktop of the manage station to start
the CNM application. CNM will display a window as shown in Figure 3.2
Figure 3.2. CNM Outlook
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English
3. Select the proper NIC at the same network with the switch, then click on the
Discovery icon in the tool bar. After the discovery is done, the left frame of
the window will show the MAC addresses of the switches discovered by the
CNM as Figure 3.3.
Figure 3.3. Available Switches
4. Select the switch you want to manage by clicking on the MAC address, then
you can start to configure the switch by CNM.
5. If the CNM cannot discover the switch you want to manage, please repeat
step 1 to 4 again.
Note: The switch must be powered on and connect to your network before
starting the CNM.
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English
3.3.2 Password Recovery
The switch is protected by a password. The password is required to make
CNM able to manage the switch. Once the password is lost, you need to
reset the password back to factory default password, which is 0x2379. The
password is four digit long, could be change through CNM.
1. Prepare one Cat-5 cable and unplug all the cables in the switch ports.
2. Power off the switch, then power it on. Within 20 seconds after power
on, plug the Cat-5 cable to port 3 and 4. That is, make a loop by port 3
and 4. The password will reset to default value.
3. Remain the loop about 1 minute to let the password reset happen.
4. Unplug the cable, then power cycle the switch. You can manage the
switch by default password.
Note: To reset the password, there must be no connection in the switch
except the loop between port 3 and 4.
3.3.3 Factory Default Setting
You can reset the switch configuration back to factory default value by the
similar steps as the password recovery. Instead of looping port 3 and 4, use
port 1 and 2 to make a loop.
1. Prepare one Cat-5 cable and unplug all the cables in the switch ports.
2. Power off the switch, then power it on. Within 20 seconds after power
on, plug the Cat-5 cable to port 1 and 2. That is, make a loop by port 1
and 2. The configuration will reset to factory default value.
3. Remain the loop about 1 minute to let the configuration reset happen.
4. Unplug the cable, then power cycle the switch. You can manage the
switch by default password and the switch configuration is back to
factory default.
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4 Management Functions
English
ASUS provide a Centralized Network Management (CNM) software to allow
users manage the switch in your network. The program is designed to work
best with Microsoft Windows operation system.
4.1 Start CNM Program
1. Install CNM in a computer running Windows OS. Refer to CNM
installation guide for detail installation steps.
2. The computer with CNM installed must be in the same network as the
switches are.
3. Make sure the switches are power on and the network links are good.
4. Click the CNM icon on the PC’s desktop. A CNM window comes out as
Figure 4.1. This computer becomes the manage station to the
switches.
5. Figure 4.1 shows that a password is required to login and control the
switch. Use the default password 0x2379, if it has not been changed.
Figure 4.1. CNM window
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4.2 Functional Layout
English
The CNM window consists of three separate frames. The top frame has
switch logo and front panel as shown in Figure4.2. This frame remains on
the top of the browser window all the times and updates the LED status
periodically. The LED definition has been described as Table 2.1. Each port
shows different states by different colors, shown as Table 4.1.
Figure 4.2. Top frame
Green Blinking port
Black
Ethernet link is established
No Ethernet link
Table 4.1. Description of Port Color
The left frame, a topology frame as shown in Figure 4.3, contains all the
NICs in the manage station. Each NIC has a tree view to show the switches
that are discovered by CNM. You can click on any of these to display a
specific configuration of the switch.
Figure 4.3. A Topology Frame
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English
Click on the NIC, it shows the topology of the switches in the network. If
multiple switches are cascaded, the tree view will show the relationship of
those switches as Figure 4.4.
Figure 4.4. Tree view of the network topology
The right frame displays the specified switch configurations or graphics for
the statistics. That is, it displays different configuration layout for different
model. Section 4.5 will describe 1024P configuration in details. You have to
specify a switch by clicking one switch in the topology list.
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4.3 General Settings for CNM
English
There are menu bar and tool bar on the top of the CNM window. They offer
general settings for CNM.
The Topology item provides the general network discovery, manually add or
delete switches, and load or save the current discovered topology.
The Setup item provides the update interval and password settings.
The Help item provides CNM information and instructions
4.3.1 Topology
Figure 4.5. Topology
Topology is to control the actions of the topology frame. A couple of things
you can do to the topology frame are listed as following:
3. Discovery: discover all the 1024Ps in all the networks that your CNM
station is connecting to. The discovery result will display in the topology
frame. There is a corresponding function icon in the tool bar.
4. Update: detect if the communications between the CNM station and the
discovered switches is good or not. The switch icon will show to indicate
that the communication is broken.
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5. Add Switch: add a switch to the topology tree manually. A window pops out
for this purpose as Figure 4.6. Select the network adapter you want the
switch to attach to, give the switch MAC and name, and an authentication
key as the password if you don’t use the default one (2379), then click OK to
finish the action. However, a manually added switch does not mean it can be
configured or discovered by CNM. The function provides a way to add a
known switch to topology list once the CNM cannot discover the switch.
There is a tool bar button for it..
Figure 4.6. Add Switch
6. Remove Switch: you can remove any switch in the topology list manually
through this function. It pops out a switch list and check those switches you
want to remove. Please refer to Figure 4.7 for the switch list window.
Figure 4.7. Remove Switch
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English
7. Load: load a topology list from a file. There is a tool bar button for it.
8. Save Topology: save the current topology list to a file. There is a tool bar
button for it.
9. Save As: specify a file name to save the topology list
10. Exit: exit from CNM program
4.3.2 Setup
Figure 4.8. Setup
CNM polls the switch status periodically, the polling interval can be adjusted.
1. Auto Update Time Interval: as Figure 4.9, a proper value can be
set. The auto update time interval is used to poll the switch statistics
and link status on the top of the window. The interval value could be
adjusted from 0 to 300 seconds. 0 means no polling at all. There is a
tool bar button for it.
Figure 4.9. Auto Update Time Interval
4.3.3 Help
Help shows you the CNM user guide and current version.
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4.4 Switch Topology
English
The switch topology frame is on the left part of the CNM window. It shows
the discovered switches and the relationship among them. Each presents a
NIC interface. The interface name and MAC address is shown after the.
The switch topology shows the relationship among the switches in a tree
view. That is, if a switch A has connections to switch B and your NIC, then a
cascade tree will display as Figure 4.10.
Figure 4.10. Switch Relationship
In this way, you can find the relationship among the switch. It helps design
and debug your network. Each is a switch with name and MAC address
followed. You can assign a name to the switch by click the right button on the
mouse while the mouse is point to the switch MAC address.
Note: All the switch names are kept in CNM file, but not in the switches. So if
you use CNM to manage the same switch on another management station,
the name may be different because the switch does not keep its name.
4.4.1 Topology Discovery
The topology discovery is done by user’s request. That is, no auto update is
executed for the topology change. This will reduce the network traffics since
the discovery generates some packets to query the switches.
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4.4.2 Switch Add and Removal
Discovery action will create the topology tree by all the discovered switches.
The default password will be used in the discovery process. Sometimes you
may have a switch with another password that is different from the default
one. In this case, the switch cannot be discovered by the default password.
You need to add a switch to the topology manually.
Figure 4.11 shows the window to add a switch. The are a couple of columns
to fill to add a switch successfully.
Figure 4.11. Add Switch
1. Adapter: select the corresponding adapter to add a switch under it.
2. Switch: check the box if you want the new switch to be added under a
specified switch in the topology tree. The manually added switch will be
moved to a right place to show the relationships in the topology after a
successful discovery.
3. MAC: the most important information is the MAC address. If the MAC is
wrong, the new added switch can not be accessed by CNM.
4. Name: a good name may remind you something about the switch. However,
the switch name is good only in the same CNM file. So the name may not be
unique when you use different CNM files to do discover.
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Once a switch is added to the topology tree, you can find it in the
corresponding place. You have to left click the switch symbol to switch the
current status/configuration window from other switch to this switch. If the
communication is good, you can see the linking status window on the right
frame of the CNM window, and the topology tree will display the switch
symbol in a correct place to show the relationship. If CNM cannot discover
the manually added switch, then a
will attach to the switch to show it is
not reachable to the CNM.
Figure 4.12 shows the window to remove switches, just check the box before
the switch to select those you want to remove, click the remove icon to start
the action. All the corresponding switches will be removed and the tree
branch after the removed switches are moved up to under the adapter. A
discovery action will update the topology tree for the current network. You
may find the removed switches are back to the topology tree because they
are discovered again.
Figure 4.12. Remove Switch
Note: The removed switch may be added back to the topology tree
because the discovery action finds the switch in the network. This is
normal because the switch is still working.
4.4.3 Topology Load and Save
A topology can be saved for later reference. The CNM starts with a default
topology file. After the discovery action, it shows the update network
topology. You can save it in a good file name and load it when you need it.
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4.5 Switch Setup
English
Before using the configuration windows, it is better to know following buttons
or icons because they are used throughout the setup. The following table
describes the function for each button or icon.
Table 4.1 2. Description of Commonly Used Buttons and Icons
Button/Icon
Function
Apply to the selected switch
Reload the current configuration from the selected switch and display it
No action is taken and leave the window
Select all the ports
Select none of the switch ports
Hint: Clicking the Apply button can only save the configuration
temporarily, users need to select “Apply and Save” from “Topology” dropdown menu in order to save the configuration permanently.
Before starting any new configuration, it is always recommended to reload
the current switch configuration. This will help you know what you are going
to change and the communication between CNM and the switch is good.
There is a message bar on the bottom showing the NIC’s MAC and the
switch MAC you are working on. Check these information before applying
any new configuration to prevent an improper settings.
Note: Check the message bar on the bottom to make sure you are working
on the proper switch before any configuration set up.
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4.6 System
English
There are reboot, link status and change password under the system menu.
4.6.1 Reboot
The 1024P provides hardware and software reset as shown in figure 4.13.
Hardware reset is to reset the system at a initial state like the process of
power on hardware reset.
Note: Hardware reset will clear all current settings if you do not save the
configuration.
The software reset will rest the system to the initial state and start the port
link negotiations, but the MAC table, VLAN table data, and current
configuration will be kept.
Figure 4.13. Reboot
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4.6.2 Link Status
Link status table shows the port information including speed, duplex mode
and flow control. Click on the Reload button will get the update information.
Figure 4.14 shows the status table.
Figure 4.14. Link Status
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4.6.3 Change Password
A valid password consists of 4 digits, from 0 to 9, and a to f. The
authenticator does not check upper case or lower case. For example,
password “12ab” is treated as “12AB”. Once the password gets changed,
CNM will use the password to retrieve the information about the switch.
If the password is forgotten, please refer to 3.3.2 to reset the password in the
switch. After it, you have to remove the switch from the topology and
discover the switch again.
After changing the password, CNM will show a dialog box for administrators
to save the topology or not. If not, administrators will have to do two jobs
when CNM starts up next time. First, manually add the switch according to
section 4.4.2. Second, change password again and replace 0x2379 with
correct one.
Figure 4.14b. Change Password
Since password was modified, administrators have to login to the switch. Or
administrators will not be able to control the switch. The page is shown as
Figure 4.14b.
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4.6.4 Load
You can load configuration from the switch or the local file as shown in
Figure 4.15. This action will update the current configuration in the CNM. If
you want to keep the current configuration, please refer to section 4.6.5.
Figure 4.15. Load
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4.6.5 Save
Save all the configurations to a local file for future reference. Once you
create a configuration file in CNM, you can use it to apply to the other
switches to save your time. It is also a backup file for configuration. It is
recommended to have a good file name to identify that the configuration is
for the certain switch(es).
Figure 4.16. Save Configuration
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4.6.6 Apply and Save
It applies all the current settings in CNM to the switch and save them in the
switch permanently. It is recommended to back up the existed switch
configurations before applying a new configuration to the switch.
Figure 4.17. Apply Configuration
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4.7 Configuration
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The Configuration menu provides the configuration for all the functions that
the switch can supports, like physical interface, link aggregation, bandwidth
control, traffic control, VLAN, IGMP snooping and QoS.
To keep all the new configurations and save the bandwidth for
communications, each configuration page will not retrieve information from
switch until you click the Reload button. In some configuration pages, you
can select the ports to reload the information from the switch.
4.7.1 Physical Interface
Figure 4.18. Physical Interface
Figure 4.18 shows the configuration for each port. Select the ports you want
to configure or reload information from the switch by clicking on the check
boxes in front of the ports, then click on Config to set the configuration for
the ports, or click on Reload to retrieve configuration from the switch, or click
on Apply to apply the new settings to the switch. Some settings you can do
to the physical interface
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1. Enable or disable a port
2. Speed and duplex mode. Select 1000 full-duplex on the Fast Ethernet ports
(from 1 to 24) will set the ports to 100 full-duplex mode.
3. Flow control - Back pressure flow control is used in half and full duplex
modes to prevent packet loss.
A software reset will be triggered after the configuration is apply. The
purpose of software reset is to restart link negotiations.
4.7.2 Link Aggregation
Figure 4.19. Link Aggregation
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Link aggregation creates new virtual links with more bandwidth. For
example, port 1 and 2 can work together as one link to another device. The
new virtual link has 200Mbps bandwidth. The switch provides 8 groups of
link aggregations shown on the top of figure 4.19.
Click on the Reload button to retrieve the configuration from switch. The
checked trunk group means this group has been activated. You can check
the trunk group to enable new trunk or uncheck the trunk group to disable
the trunks. Click on Apply to make them effective in the switch.
The Trunking Status shows the ports work as trunk ports currently. A green
light in the port means the port is working as trunk port properly, otherwise it
shows no light.
4.7.3 Bandwidth
Figure 4.20. Bandwidth Configuration
1024P provides TX/RX bandwidth control for each port. Please reload the
configuration before you start to set up new configuration. The page is
shown as figure 4.20.
Select the ports you want to configure, then select proper bandwidth for TX/
RX directions. Click on Apply to apply to the switch.
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4.7.4 Traffic Control
Traffic control is to set the following items
1. Broadcast storm filtering control: if enabled, each port start to drop broadcast
packets after a continuous received broadcast packets count up to 64. It will
be back to normal if no more broadcast packet is received in 800ms or any
non-broadcast packet is received.
2. IP multicast packet flow control: if enabled, the system will drop IP
multicast packets under a congestion condition. Otherwise, the packet will
be forwarded to non-congested ports.
3. Broadcast packet flow control: if enable, the system will drop broadcast
packets under a congestion condition. Otherwise, the broadcast packet will
be forwarded to non-congested ports.
Again, please reload the settings from the switch before starting to do new
configurations.
4.7.5 VLAN Setup
A VLAN is simply a configured broadcast domain. An administrator applies
VLAN to separate a network. VLAN Setup provides administers abilities to
set up port-based and tag-based Vlan. The page is shown as figure 4.21.
An administrator could refer the following to add a VLAN
1. Choose VLAN type, port-based or tag-based VLAN.
2. Assign VLAN id, if you choose tag-based VLAN.
3. Click
or
to assign port members.
4. Click Add VLan to add a Vlan, and then Vlan Table will show it.
5. Repeat step 1 through 4, if need to create another Vlan.
6. Click Apply and then Vlan configuration will take effect.
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Figure 4.21. VLAN
All VLAN behavior will be influenced by VLAN control option. Click Control
Option and a window will pop out as Figure 4.22. Enable or disable these
options carefully, these options are global setting for VLAN
Figure 4.22. VLAN Control Options
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7. VLAN function: enable or disable the VLAN function.
8. Unicast packet inter-VLAN leaky: to enable the packet to be forwarded to a
destination port (L2 table hit) at different VLAN.
9. ARP broadcast packet inter-VLAN leaky: to enable ARP frame to broadcast
to all switch ports.
10. IP multicast packet inter-VLAN leaky: to enable IP multicast packet to be
flooded to all the multicast address group member set ignore the VLAN
member set domain limitation.
11. 802.1Q VLAN tag aware: to enable tag-based VLAN function.
12. Ingress rule for acceptable frame types: to admit all frames or to admin only
VLAN-tagged frames.
13. Ingress rule for ingress filtering: to enable filter the frame received from a
port which port is not included in the classified VLAN group member.
4.7.6 IGMP Snooping
Enable the IGMP snooping will let the switch learn the multicast router port
and group address member ports into the multicast address table. The table
is combined with L2 MAC table, so the maximum entry is 8K. The valid port
member will auto aging out after about 5 minute idle. Figure 4.23 shows the
page.
Figure 4.23. IGMP Snoop
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4.7.7 QoS Setup
The system support 2 level priority queues. The queue service rate is based
on the packet-based Weighted Round Robin algorithm. The ratio can be set
as 4:1, 8:1, 16:1, or strictly high priority first.
The port-based priority is to decide the packet priority by the receiving ports.
You can select the high priority ports from the switch graphic.
If TOS/DSCP based priority is enabled, it will be assigned to high priority
queue if the field value is:
expected forwarding: 0b101110;
assured forwarding: 0b001010, 0b010010, 0b011010, 0b100010
network control: 0b11x000
If 802.1p based priority is enabled, the packet forward priority is decided by
the CoS value. The high priority packets have the CoS value from 4 to 7.
In some situations, you may want the high priority packets to get forwarded
even the 802.3x flow control stop transmitting packets. In this case, enable
Adapted Flow Control will turn off 802.3x flow control for a short time to let
the high priority packets get forwarded. The 802.3x is re-enable when no
high priority frames are received for 1 to 2 seconds.
The Quality of Service page is shown as figure 4.24
Figure 4.24. QoS Setup
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4.8 Statistics
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Statistics offer Port Traffic, Traffic History and Comparison charts. The
switch has 3 counters for 8 kinds of statistics. So you cannot see all the
statistics at the same time. That is, the old statistics data will be gone if you
start to use the counter for another statistics.
4.8.1 Port Traffic
Select port number, the statistics item and color to draw the traffic chart. The
chart will be auto updated in the time interval you set in Setup menu. Refer
to 4.3.2 for time interval setup.
Press the Draw Traffic Chart button to start drawing.
Figure 4.25. Port Traffic
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4.8.2 Traffic History
Select the statistics item, ports and colors you want to see in the chart, then
press the Draw Traffic Chart button to start the drawing. The chart will be
auto updated in the time interval you set in Setup menu. Refer to 4.3.2 for
time interval setup.
Figure 4.26. Traffic History
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4.8.3 Comparison
Select the statistics item to do comparison for port 1 to 26. Press the Draw
Traffic Chart button to start the drawing. The chart will be auto updated in
the time interval you set in Setup menu.
Figure 4.27. Port Comparison
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