Critical Power Solutions - GE Industrial Solutions
GE Energy Connections
Critical Power Solutions
Table of Contents
GE Energy Connections.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................4
The GE Store............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5
GE Beliefs..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6
GE’s Critical Power Overview...........................................................................................................................................................................................................8
Powering the Rio 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games..............................................................................................................................................8
Industrial Solutions Innovation.............................................................................................................................................................................................. 10
Industrial Solutions..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 12
Setting New Standards in UPS Quality and Innovation.............................................................................................................................................. 13
GE’s UPS Firsts (50-Year History).......................................................................................................................................................................................... 15
UPS Topologies.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 16
High Power UPS................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 18
TLE Series — 3-phase CE, 160 - 200 - 320 - 400 - 600 - 800 kW............................................................................................................................ 18
SG Series — 3-phase CE, 10 - 15 - 20 - 30 - 40 - 60 - 80 - 120 - 160 - 200 - 250 - 300 - 400 - 500 kVA................................................ 20
Mid Power UPS..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 24
TLE Series — 3-phase CE, 40 - 60 - 80 - 100 - 120 kW Scalable............................................................................................................................. 24
Low Power UPS.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 26
TLE Series — 3-phase CE, 30 - 40 kW................................................................................................................................................................................ 26
TLE Series — 3-phase CE, 30 - 60 - 90 - 120 - 150 - 180 kVA................................................................................................................................... 28
LP33 Series — 3-phase CE, 10 - 20 - 30 - 40 kVA........................................................................................................................................................... 30
LP11/31T Series — 1-phase/3-phase in, 1-phase out CE, 3 - 5 - 6 - 8 - 10 kVA................................................................................................. 32
LP31 Series — 3-phase to 1-phase CE, 8 - 10 - 15 - 20 kVA..................................................................................................................................... 34
GT Series — 1-phase CE, 6 - 10 kVA..................................................................................................................................................................................... 36
VH Series — 1-phase CE, 700 - 1000 - 1500 - 2000 - 3000 VA................................................................................................................................. 38
VCO Series — 1-phase CE, 1000 - 2000 - 3000 VA........................................................................................................................................................ 40
VCL Series — 1-phase CE, 400 - 600 - 800 - 1000 - 1500 VA.................................................................................................................................... 42
UPS Key Features/Capabilities...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 44
Ultra-High Efficiency with eBoost™...................................................................................................................................................................................... 44
eBoost and Harmonics.............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 46
eBoost on TLE Series UPS........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 47
Redundant Parallel Architecture™ (RPA) System Configuration............................................................................................................................. 48
Intelligent Emergency Management Integrated (IEMi)................................................................................................................................................ 49
Connectivity Solutions for UPS..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 50
Monitoring & Predictive Analytics............................................................................................................................................................................................... 52
GE’s Battery Monitoring System........................................................................................................................................................................................... 52
iUPSGuard.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 54
Remote Monitoring Solution for UPS.................................................................................................................................................................................. 54
GE UPS Watch Distributed Architecture & Licensing Options................................................................................................................................. 56
Distributed Architecture & Licensing Options................................................................................................................................................................ 57
Transfer Switches............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 58
STS Series — Static Transfer Switches................................................................................................................................................................................ 58
GTX Series — Emergency Standby ATS.............................................................................................................................................................................. 60
ZTG Series — General Purpose ATS..................................................................................................................................................................................... 61
ZTS Series — Business Critical and Industrial Applications...................................................................................................................................... 62
ZTE Series — Mission, Process, Healthcare Critical...................................................................................................................................................... 64
GE UPS Solutions................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 68
Complementary Matching Switchgear — For GE TLE CE UPS, 30-800kVA......................................................................................................... 68
UPS Maintenance Bypass Panel............................................................................................................................................................................................ 69
DC Energy Storage Flywheel................................................................................................................................................................................................... 70
UPS Output Power Rating (kVA)............................................................................................................................................................................................ 71
PowerMOD Modular Container............................................................................................................................................................................................. 72
2
Table of Contents (Cont.)
Factory Services.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 74
Project Management.................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 74
Factory Acceptance Testing.................................................................................................................................................................................................... 74
GE UPS Services.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 76
Our Service Portfolio.................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 76
On-Site & Emergency Services.............................................................................................................................................................................................. 76
Parts and Repairs......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 76
Contractual Services.................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 76
Training............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 76
Maintenance Programs ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 76
Contract Features........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 77
Target Vertical Markets.................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 78
Data Centers.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 78
GE Additive..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 80
Rail...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 82
Healthcare...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 84
Maritime........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 86
Misc, Application & Technical Notes........................................................................................................................................................................................... 90
IS Power Distribution System................................................................................................................................................................................................. 90
Transformers................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 92
Circuit Breakers & Selectivity........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 96
Battery Technologies.................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 98
GE Energy Connections..................................................................................................................................................................................................................100
3
GE Energy Connections
GE imagines things others don’t. Builds things others can’t.
And delivers outcomes that make the world work better.
Power:
Energy Connections:
Renewable Energy:
Oil & Gas:
Aviation:
Transportation:
Healthcare:
Home & Business:
Combustion science and
services, installed base
Advanced materials,
manufacturing and
engineering productivity
GE Digital
Electrification and
automation technology
Engine technology
and localization in
growth regions
Sustainable power
systems and storages
Diagnostics technology–a
first-mover and anchor in
growth segments
Global Research Center
Services and technology–a
first-mover in growth regions
Providing a gateway to
energy efficiency
Culture + Simplification
Global Growth Organization
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The GE Store
Driving competitive advantage across our businesses
Governed by culture and simplification
Supported by GE Capital: Financing infrastructure investments
Power and Water
Provides combustion
science & services
installed base
Aviation
Provides advanced
materials & manufacturing
techniques, & engineering
productivity
Healthcare
Provides diagnostics
technology & is a firstmover & anchor tenant
in all of our growth
markets
Appliances and Lighting
LED is a gateway to
energy efficiency
Global
Research
Center
Global
Growth
Organization
Global
Software
Center
Culture &
Simplification
Transportation
Provides engine technology
& localization in
growth regions
Oil and Gas
Provides services
technology & is a
first-mover in growth
regions
Energy Management
Provides electrification,
controls & power
conversion technology
5
GE Beliefs
GE Beliefs offer a new mindset, spirit and behaviors
to help us deliver on Simplification.
Customers determine our success and drive us to:
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Stay lean to go fast
Learn and adapt to win
Empower and inspire each other
Deliver results in an uncertain world
We continue to win by…
Growing the best leaders
in the world
Learning and sharing across our
teams and with our customers
Inventing the future in the world’s
best industrial laboratories
We invest $1 billion a year in learning
and development. Our evolutionary
leadership culture makes us the world’s
#1 company for leaders.
We cross cultures, industries, and
expertise to build deeper relationships
and deliver 360-degree solutions.
We prototype and build parts and
products many believed impossible
using advanced manufacturing
techniques at our seven Global
Research Centers.
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Building essential
technology in the world’s most
Brilliant Factories
With our Predix software platform, we
bridge the physical and analytical worlds
better than any company in the world.
Changing ahead of a
changing world
We think ahead with Ecomagination,
and adapt quickly to meet the world’s
need for safer, reliable, and more
affordable energy.
We make the world healthier
We spot trends three to five years
ahead with healthymagination to
improve quality, access and affordability
of healthcare.
7
Powering the Rio 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games
GE is a Worldwide Partner and exclusive provider of a wide range of innovative products and services that are integral to staging
the Rio 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games. We continue to work closely with host countries, cities and organizing
committees to provide infrastructure solutions for Olympic and Paralympic venues including power, lighting,
water treatment and transportation.
We will also be supplying local hospitals with diagnostic imaging equipment and healthcare technology solutions like
ultrasound, MRI and electronic medical record technologies to help doctors treat athletes.
Here are just a few highlights of how GE is supporting the Games in Rio de Janeiro…
Power & Water
Opened in February 2014, the Baixada Fluminense Thermal Power Plant in the city of Seropédica uses GE turbines in a
combined cycleto generate up to 530 megawatts of power — enough to supply a city of up to 1.7 million people.
Mobile Water Treatment
To help ensure the water supply for a population that will jump from 500,000 to 2 million people, GE’s ultrafiltration
membranes will safely treat water.
Energy Management
GE will supply electrical distribution technologies to the International Broadcast Centre (IBC), which will house the TV and radio
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stations and portals from around the world that hold the rights to broadcast the Games. All the energy that fuels the center’s
operation will pass through this system.
Healthcare
Focused on the healthcare and well-being of athletes and their teams during the Rio 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games,
GE Healthcare will provide the diagnostic medical equipment, such as MRIs, ultrasounds and digital X-rays, for prevention
and diagnosis.
Lighting
For over three years, GE’s team has been taking part in the most important lighting projects related to the Rio 2016 Olympic
and Paralympic Games, including the Games’ soccer stadiums and the stage for the Rio 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Opening
and Closing Ceremony. The technology provides viewers with a clear view of the playing field, both live and on TV.
In addition, GE Lighting has met the lighting needs for the city’s infrastructure projects, commercial buildings and hotels.
The new technology has made the area more beautiful and safer, while saving 50% in energy consumption compared to
the previously used technology.
In fact, using GE’s Ecomagination business platform, which aims to meet the challenges in efficient energy and water use,
the site has installed 3,000 LED Lumination™ units, which will save about $ 1 million in energy costs over their four years
of operations, compared with fluorescent technology.
UPS Backup
GE has also supplied and installed 25 Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) units to ensure the power supply for ten minutes
in the event of an outage, while the generators kick in, preventing any interruptions of work at the headquarters.
Look for more updates as the Rio 2016 Games get closer and visit HERE.
9
Industrial Solutions Innovation
Changing Ahead of a Changing World
Through its Industrial Solutions business, GE is one of the leading manufacturers of electrical distribution
equipment in the world. One of our largest electrical distribution equipment manufacturing sites is
located in Bielsko-Biala, Poland. Of course, this location was not chosen by chance. Surrounded by
beautiful mountains and home to approximately 180,000 people, Bielsko-Biala is one of Poland’s most
important industrial centers. Often called “Little Vienna”, Bielsko-Biala has been known for its industrial
activity ever since the city’s founding in the 13th century when the textile industry was booming. Today,
more than 35 automotive and industrial factories are located in Bielsko-Biala.
In 2014, GE embarked on a project to move four old manufacturing sites consisting of 20 buildings in to a
single, new location in Bielsko-Biala. Construction of the new facility started in early January 2015. During
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that time 50,000 cubic meters of soil were evacuated from the site, 12,000 cubic meters of
concrete were poured and 317 support columns were placed. After eight months, a new factory
was erected.
The new facility is approximately 45,000 square meters of space – that’s the size of nearly 11
football pitches. The factory serves customers around the world. Products are manufactured,
assembled and shipped to customers in Europe, Latin America, the Middle East, North America
and Asia. The Bielsko-Biala factory is designed to help accelerate product development and
manufacturing by combining engineering, development, testing and manufacturing operations
in a centralized, high-tech environment. The facility is considered a “Brilliant Factory” because of
the many advanced manufacturing tools and processes used on the shop floor.
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Industrial Solutions
Built for the digital industrial era, our portfolio includes electrical equipment,
components and lifecycle services.
Protection & Distribution
Motor & Lighting Control
Lifecycle Services
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Busway
Circuit Breakers
Enclosures
Generator Accessories
Home Automation
Load Centers
Modular Metering
Panelboards
Power Equipment Buildings
Power Pedestals
Switchboards
Switches & Disconnects
Switchgear
Transformers
Trip Units
Contactors
Drives
Lighting Control
Motor Control Centers
Push Buttons & Pilot Devices
Relays & Timers
Starters
Terminal Blocks
Power System Study
Arc Flash Study
Emergency & Rapid Response
On-going Maintenance Services
Inspection Services
Training
Critical Power
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Automatic Transfer Switches
Critical Power Distribution
Data Center Solutions
DC Power Systems
Embedded Power
Static Transfer Switches
Surge Protective Devices
Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPS)
Our Global Footprint
Worldwide Scale with Local Execution
Our 14,000 employees deliver solutions in more than 100 countries.
Our Global Footprint
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Setting New Standards in UPS Quality and Innovation
In 1966, GE provided the first commercial UPS solution—and we’ve been innovating ever since. Today, you can rely on GE’s
Critical Power to deliver the powerful, dependable UPS solutions you need with advanced features and benefits unrivaled in
the industry. Here are just a few of the latest innovations…
Energy Efficiency
98
95
typical
operating load
92
EFFICIENCY %
We offer the most energy efficient double-conversion UPS in
the industry, providing world-class energy efficiency across the
operating load range. The TLE Series, for example, delivers
efficiency up to 96.5% in double conversion mode and 99% in
eBoost operating mode. This system efficiency substantially
reduces operating and cooling costs thus providing a reduced
cost of ownership and improved power usage effectiveness
(PUE) compared to conventional UPS.
89
86
83
80
Diagnostic Capability
New diagnostic features allow you to store different wave forms
while also providing fan failure detection as well as warning on
capacitor life that improves UPS availability
and enhances preventive maintenance capabilities.
25%
50%
75%
100%
LOAD
TLE VFI Mode
TLE eBoostMode
Standard Safety and Maintenance Features
Our high-power UPS such as the TLE Series, has standard
built in back-feed protection as well maintenance switch that
avoids external in¬stallation of switches or breakers into
input distribution panels for providing back feed protection
and maintenance disconnect.
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Thomas Edison, founder
14
GE’s UPS Firsts
1964 > Development of the first UPS - AGIE in Losone
1966 > The first commercial UPS-systems were supplied:
Two single UPS of 36kVA - 60Hz and 20kVA - 50Hz
1964
1967 > First parallel system, 5 units 125kVA with bypass
centralized and redundant control; Innovative technology
for paralleling UPS in European market
1993
1972 > First redundant parallel UPS-system:
6x250kVA model 035
1966
1977 > First UPS with transistor type 050, using the
revolutionary technology PWM
1996
1979 > First UPS of type 060 of 250kVA
1982 > First UPS model IM085 250kVA
1986 > First UPS model IM075 120kVA; This model was
controlled by an 8-bit microprocessor
1967
1987 > First system in parallel from 3x250kVA
(up to 6 units) type IM095 with the new
decentralized bypass
2000
1990 > First UPS model IM090 120kVA with bipolar
transistors
1972
1992 > First IM090 330kVA with transistors IGBT
2003
1993 > First IM090 from 500kVA with transistors IGBT
1996 > Launch of the UPS platform SitePro, ranging from
10 to 500kVA
1977
2000 > Launch of the transformer-less UPS LanPro 33,
ranging from 10 to 30kVA
2008
2003 > First SG Series UPS ranging from 80 to 200kVA
2007 > Launched new PurePulse technology (IGBT
rectifier) for the SG Series available from 60 to 500kVA;
Development of high performances
single-phase UPS VH Series from 0.7 to 3kVA
1979
2008 > Launched SG Series UL 750kVA for large data
center applications in US
2010
2010 > Launched SG Series 600kVA for large
datacenter in Europe
1982
2011 > Launch of iUPSGuard to provide remote
monitoring of all UPS product lines— anytime, anywhere,
from any device
2014
2013 > Launch TLE High Efficiency 3 Level Technology
2014 > GE develops the 1st Ring Bus architecture with
Static UPS to optimize performance, reliability and cost
1990
2016 > Introduced TLE low-to-mid power modern
UPS with unrivalled quality, scalability and extended
product life
2017
2017 > Introduced the TLE Series 30-180 kVA Scalable
with optimized front access for easy installation and
service access.
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UPS Topologies
Offline - VFD (Voltage Frequency Dependent)
mains
switch
filter
Offline UPS system channels the incoming mains power, via
a filter, directly to the load. As soon as the incoming power is
outside tolerance, the UPS switches to battery operation.
to critical
load
battery
mains
switch
filter
AVR
to critical
load
Line-interactive - VI (Voltage Independent)
Line-interactive UPS system channels the incoming mains power, via
an AVR - Automatic Voltage Regulator, directly to the load. Compared
to off-line, the system can handle much larger voltage variations
before switching to battery operation.
battery
Double-conversion - VFI (Voltage Frequency Independent)
Input and output are completely separated: the output converter
(DC to AC, or = to ~) continuously supplies the critical load with a
completely new, regulated and clean sine wave output. No switching
takes place when the incoming mains power gets outside tolerances.
A bypass switch automatically transfers the load to the mains when
the output converter is unable to supply the load.
MAINS DISTURBANCES
VFD
static
switch
mains
to critical
load
battery
VI
P
P
Power sags
P
P
Power surge
P
P
Under-voltage
P
P
Over-voltage
P
P
Power failure (black-out)
P
VFI
Transient
P
Voltage noise
P
Voltage harmonics
P
Frequency variations
P
16
17
High Power UPS
TLE Series - VFI Double-Conversion Transformerless UPS
3-phase CE, 160 - 200 - 320 - 400 - 600 - 800 kW
Overview
The TLE Series provides the latest power conversion technology in a transformerless
UPS, using rectifiers and inverters with a three-level IGBT design for high double
conversion VFD efficiency and even higher efficiency in multi-mode operation
(eBoost) that makes real-time decisions between VFI double conversion and VFD
eco mode. The TLE Series UPS was developed using GE’s Design for Six Sigma
(DFSS) methodology to ensure this transformerless UPS product meets customer
requirements for critical power performance, reliability, efficiency and quality.
Features and Benefits
Function
Providing reliable and efficient power
protection for IT servers/storage/network
equipment and other digital electronics
Options
Typical Applications
• Data centers – cloud, colocation
and enterprise
• Telecommunication installations
• Internet service providers
• Security operations
Data Center
• Process control equipment
• Financial systems
Data Center
• Healthcare
Transportation
Internet Service Providers
Transportation Transportation
Telecommunication
Telecommunication
Data Center
Data Center
• Highly reliable and efficient three-level IGBT power conversion
• Multi-mode high efficiency operation (eBoost)
- Up to 97% Efficient in VFI double conversion mode
- Up to 99% Efficient in VFD eco mode
• Unity (1.0) Output Power Factor
• High (0.99) Input Power Factor
• Less than 5% Input Current Harmonic Distortion
• Small footprint and high power density
• Front access design for ease of maintenance reducing mean time to repair (MTTR)
• Redundant Parallel Architecture (RPA) for paralleling up to six (6) TLE modules for
redundancy and high reliability
• RPA “cable saver” allow wider cable length differences between UPS modules when
paralleling multiple modules
• Matching VRLA battery cabinets with wide range of battery runtimes
• Flywheel energy storage
Telecommunication
Transportation
• External maintenance bypass cabinets
• Connectivity options (SNMP, customer interface cards, remote status panels,
Telecommunication
iUPSGuard remoteTransportation
monitoring)
Security Operations
Telecommunication
Telecommunication
Transportation Transportation
Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
Process Control Equipment
Process Control Equipment
Security Operations
Security Operations
nternet Service Providers
Internet Service Providers
Systems
Process Control Financial
Equipment
Process Control Equipment
Industrial Systems
Security Operations
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
Process Control Equipment
Financial Systems
Industrial Systems
Healthcare
Healthcare
Healthcare
Standards & Certification
Safety: EN 62040 (EN 62050-1)
Healthcare Call Center
Healthcare
EMC: EN 62040-2
Data Transmission
Industrial Systems
Industrial Systems
Financial SystemsFinancial Systems
Industrial Systems
Industrial Systems
Call Center
Healthcare
Healthcare
Data Transmission
Mission Critical Servers
Mission Critical Servers
Mission Critical Servers
Data Transmission
Data Transmission
Network
Mission Critical Local
Servers
Mission Critical Servers
Labratory
Internet Servers
18
Specifications
GENERAL DATA
TLE SERIES 160 CE
Topology
VFI, double conversion
TLE SERIES 200 CE
TLE SERIES 320 CE
TLE SERIES 400 CE
TLE SERIES 600 CE
TLE SERIES 800 CE
Nominal output power
160kW
Overall efficiency in VFI mode
96.6%
200kW
320kW
400kW
600kW
800kW
Overall efficiency in eBoost mode
98.9%
Audible noise level
74dB(A)
Operating temperature range
UPS: 0°C - 40°C (up to 50°C subjected to conditions)
74dB(A) / 68dB(A)
Protection degree
IP 20 (IEC 60529)
Standards
EN/IEC 62040, CE marking
EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility)
EN/IEC 62040-2
Electrostatic discharge immunity
4kV contact / 8kV air discharge
Colour
RAL 9005 (black)
Service access
Front and top access only
External cable connections
Bottom of the cabinet (Top as option)
Paralleling (RPA version)
Up to 6 units for redundancy or capacity in RPA configuration (option)
RECTIFIER
Standard input voltage
Nominal: 3x400V + N Programmable: 3x380 / 415V + N
Rectifier accepted ph-ph voltage range: 340V - 460V
Input frequency
50/60 Hz +/-10% (45 - 66 Hz)
Power factor
0.99
Input current THD
<3%
BATTERY
Battery type
Valve regulated lead-acid (VRLA)-standard, Vented lead-acid, wet battery and NiCd
Float voltage at 20°C
545V - 600V (dependent on the number of cells)
Common battery in parallel system
Up to 3 units
INVERTER
Nominal output voltage
(on site programmable)
3x380V / 400V / 415V + N
Output frequency
50/60 Hz (selectable)
Output voltage tolerance: static
Output voltage tolerance: dynamic
(at load step 0 – 100 – 0%)
- output voltage THD for 100%
linear load
+/- 1%
- output voltage THD for 100%
non-linear load (EN 62040)
<5%
Output frequency tolerance:
free-running
+/- 0.1%
Overload capability
(at 25°C ambient temperature)
105% continuous, 110% - 10 minutes, 125% - 1 minute, 150% - 30 seconds
+/- 3%
<3%
BYPASS
Voltage limits for inverter/
bypass load transfers
+/- 10% (adjustable)
Overload on bypass
150% for 1 minute & 22 times In for 10ms, non repetitive – 110% continuous
Primary components
Static switch (SCR) on bypass
Electromechanic contactor (backfeed protection) on bypass and inverter
2 manual switches for maintenance bypass
INTERFACING
RS232 serial port, EPO, Customer
Interface board
Standard
PHYSICAL DATA
Weight
500 Kg
980 Kg
2200 Kg
2380 Kg
Floor loading
705 Kg/m2
798 Kg/m2
848 Kg/m2
805 Kg/m2
820x865x1905 mm
1420x865x1905 mm
3000x865x1905 mm
3420x865x1905 mm
Dimensions (WxDxH)
19
SG Series - VFI Double-Conversion Transformer UPS
3-phase CE, 10 - 15 - 20 - 30 - 40 - 60 - 80 - 120 - 160 - 200 - 250 - 300 - 400 - 500 kVA
Overview
The SG Series is one of the most efficient, robust and reliable transformer UPS,
providing best-in-class input and output power quality performance and protection
for wide range of critical power applications. The SG Series is designed with IGBT
rectifier (PurePulse) for clean input performance and output inverter with zig zag
transformer for best-in-class harmonics, voltage regulation and dynamic response.
The SG is also optimized to provide high efficiency at part load conditions.
Features and Benefits
• PurePulse IGBT rectifier for clean input power quality with high input PF and
low harmonics distortion
• Inverter output zig-zag isolation transformer for short circuit capability and
load galvanic separation
• Enhanced output performance with lagging-leading power factor (0.9)
without kVA derating
• Excellent dynamic output performance and low output voltage distortion
• High efficiency in double conversion up to 94% and in eBoost mode
operation up to 99%
• Front access for operation and maintenance reducing
mean time to repair (MTTR)
Function
Providing reliability power protection
for challenging critical loads with step
loads, high harmonics and poor
power quality
Options
Typical Applications
• Data centers – corporate and enterprise
• Transportation and Rail
• Telecommunication installations
• Manufacturing
& Process
control
Telecommunication
Telecommunication Data Center
Transportation
• Financial & banking systems
• Healthcare & Hospitals
• Broadcast
er
roviders
Internet Service Providers Process Control Equipment
Security Operations
Security Operations
Transportation
Data Center
Telecommunication Data Center
ems
Telecommunication
TransportationTelecommunication
Financial Systems
Industrial
Systems
Process Control
Equipment
ork
Transportation
Process Control Equipment
Transportation
Transportation
Healthcare Industrial Systems
Internet Service
Internet
Providers
ServiceProcess
Providers
Security Operations
Security Operations
Security Operations
Control Equipment
r
• Redundant Parallel Architecture (RPA) for paralleling up to six (6) SG modules for
redundancy and high reliability
• Matching VRLA battery cabinets with wide range of battery runtimes
• Flywheel energy storage
• External maintenance bypass cabinets
• Connectivity options (SNMP, customer interface cards, remote status panels,
iUPSGuard remote monitoring)
Healthcare
Process Control
Process
Equipment
Control Equipment
Standards & Certification
Safety: EN 62040 (EN 62050-1)
Data Transmission
Data Transmission Call Center
Mission Critical Servers
Healthcare
EMC: EN 62040-2
Financial Systems Healthcare
Industrial SystemsFinancial Systems
Labratory
Mission Critical Servers
Local Network
Industrial Industrial
Systems Systems
Internet Servers
Mission Critical Servers
HealthcareHealthcare
Labratory
Internet Servers
20
Specifications
GENERAL DATA
SG SERIES 10
PUREPULSE CE S1
Topology
VFI, double conversion
Nominal output power
10kW
Overall efficiency in VFI mode
Up to 92.3%
Overall efficiency in eBoost mode
Up to 98.0%
Audible noise level
58dB(A)
Operating temperature range
0 °C - 40 °C
SG SERIES 15
PUREPULSE CE S1
SG SERIES 20
PUREPULSE CE S1
SG SERIES 30
PUREPULSE CE S1
SG SERIES 40
PUREPULSE CE S1
15kW
20kW
30kW
40kW
Protection degree
IP 20 (IEC 60529)
Standards
EN/IEC 62040, CE marking
EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility)
EN/IEC 62040-2
Electrostatic discharge immunity
4kV contact / 8kV air discharge
Colour
RAL 9003 (white)
Service access
Front and top access only
External cable connections
Bottom at front of the cabinet (standard)
Paralleling (RPA version)
Up to 6 units for redundancy or capacity in RPA configuration (option)
RECTIFIER
Standard input voltage
Nominal: 3x400V + N Programmable: 3x380 / 415V + N
Rectifier accepted ph-ph voltage range: 340V - 460V
Input frequency
50/60 Hz +/-10% (45 - 66 Hz)
Power factor
0.99
Input current THD
2% at 100% load <2.5% at 75% load <3% at 50% load
BATTERY
Battery type
Float voltage at 20°C
Valve regulated lead-acid (VRLA)-standard, Vented lead-acid, wet battery and NiCd, Flywheel compatible
400V - 436V (dependent on the number of blocks)
INVERTER
Nominal output voltage
(on site programmable)
\3x380V / 400V / 415V + N
Output frequency
50/60 Hz (selectable)
Output voltage tolerance: static
+/- 1%
Output voltage tolerance: dynamic (at
load step 0 – 100 – 0%)
+/- 3%
- output voltage THD for 100%
linear load
< 2%
- output voltage THD for 100%
non-linear load (EN 62040)
3%
Output frequency tolerance:
free-running
+/- 0.1%
Overload capability
(at 25°C ambient temperature)
125% - 10 minutes, 150% - 1 minute
BYPASS
Voltage limits for inverter/
bypass load transfers
+/- 10% (adjustable)
Overload on bypass
200% for 1 minute & 35 times In for 10 ms, non repetitive
Primary components
Static switch (SCR) on bypass
Electromechanic contactor (backfeed protection)
Manual switch for maintenance bypass
INTERFACING
RS232 serial port, EPO, Customer
Interface board
Standard
PHYSICAL DATA
Weight
290 Kg
350 Kg
420 Kg
Floor loading
533 Kg/m2
643 Kg/m2
772 Kg/m2
Dimensions (WxDxH)
680x800x1450mm
21
Specifications
GENERAL DATA
SG SERIES 60
PUREPULSE CE S1
Topology
VFI, double conversion
Nominal output power
60kVA/54kW
Overall efficiency in VFI mode
92.1%
Overall efficiency in eBoost mode
97.9%
SG SERIES 80
PUREPULSE CE S1
SG SERIES 100
PUREPULSE CE S1
SG SERIES 120
PUREPULSE CE S1
80kVA/72kW
100kVA/90kW
120kVA/108kW
Audible noise level
63dB(A)
Operating temperature range
0 °C - 40 °C
Protection degree
IP 20 (IEC 60529)
Standards
EN/IEC 62040, CE marking
EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility)
EN/IEC 62040-2
Electrostatic discharge immunity
4kV contact / 8kV air discharge
Colour
Service access
External cable connections
RAL 9003 (white), bottom air grids RAL 7021 (black)
Front and top access only
Bottom at front of the cabinet (top as option)
Paralleling (RPA version)
Up to 6 units for redundancy or capacity in RPA configuration (option)
RECTIFIER
Standard input voltage
Nominal: 3x400V + N Programmable: 3x380 / 415V + N
Rectifier accepted ph-ph voltage range: 340V - 460V
Input frequency
50/60 Hz +/-10% (45 - 66 Hz)
Power factor
0.99
Input current THD
2% at 100% load <2.5% at 75% load <3% at 50% load
Battery
Battery type
Float voltage at 20°C
Valve regulated lead-acid (VRLA)-standard, Vented lead-acid, wet battery and NiCd
400V - 436V (dependent on the number of blocks)
INVERTER
Nominal output voltage
(on site programmable)
3x380V / 400V / 415V + N
Output frequency
50/60 Hz (selectable)
Output voltage tolerance: static
+/- 1%
Output voltage tolerance: dynamic (at
load step 0 – 100 – 0%)
+/- 3%
- output voltage THD for 100%
linear load
Max. 1.5%
- output voltage THD for 100%
non-linear load (EN 62040)
Output frequency tolerance:
free-running
Overload capability
(at 25°C ambient temperature)
Max. 3%
+/- 0.1%
125% - 10 minutes, 150% - 1 minute
BYPASS
Voltage limits for inverter/
bypass load transfers
+/- 10% (adjustable)
Overload on bypass
200% for 5 minutes & 45 times In for 10 ms, non repetitive
Primary components
Static switch (SCR) on bypass
Electromechanic contactors (backfeed protection)
2 Manual switches for maintenance bypass and inverter
INTERFACING
RS232 serial port, EPO, Customer
Interface board
Standard
PHYSICAL DATA
Weight
550 Kg
630 Kg
860 Kg
Floor loading
995 Kg/m2
1140 Kg/m2
1212 Kg/m2
Dimensions (WxDxH)
650x850x1900 mm
835x850x1900 mm
22
Specifications
GENERAL DATA
SG SERIES 160
PUREPULSE CE S3
SG SERIES 200
PUREPULSE CE S3
Topology
VFI, double conversion
Nominal output power
160kVA/144kW
Overall efficiency in VFI mode
94.6%
Overall efficiency in eBoost mode
98.7%
Audible noise level
69dB(A)
Operating temperature range
0 °C - 40 °C
Protection degree
IP 20 (IEC 60529)
Standards
EN/IEC 62040, CE marking
EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility)
EN/IEC 62040-2
Electrostatic discharge immunity
4kV contact / 8kV air discharge
Colour
RAL 9005 (black)
Service access
Front and top access only
External cable connections
Bottom at front of the cabinet (top as option)
Paralleling (RPA version)
Up to 6 units for redundancy or capacity in RPA configuration (option)
200kVA/180kW
SG SERIES 250
PUREPULSE CE S3
SG SERIES 300
PUREPULSE CE S3
SG SERIES 400
PUREPULSE CE S3
SG SERIES 500
PUREPULSE CE S3
250kVA/225kW
300kVA/270kW
400kVA/360kW
500kVA/450kW
72dB(A)
RECTIFIER
Standard input voltage
Nominal: 3x400V + N Programmable: 3x380 / 415V + N
Rectifier accepted ph-ph voltage range: 340V - 460V
Input frequency
50/60 Hz +/-10% (45 - 66 Hz)
Power factor
0.99
Input current THD
2% at 100% load <2.5% at 75% load <3% at 50% load
BATTERY
Battery type
Valve regulated lead-acid (VRLA)-standard, Vented lead-acid, wet battery and NiCd, Flywheel compatible
Float voltage at 20°C
400V - 436V (dependent on the number of blocks)
INVERTER
Nominal output voltage
(on site programmable)
3x380V / 400V / 415V + N
Output frequency
50/60 Hz (selectable)
Output voltage tolerance: static
Output voltage tolerance: dynamic
(at load step 0 – 100 – 0%)
- output voltage THD for 100%
linear load
- output voltage THD for 100%
non-linear load (EN 62040)
Output frequency tolerance:
free-running
Overload capability
(at 25°C ambient temperature)
+/- 1%
+/- 3%
Max. 1.5%
Max. 3%
+/- 0.1%
125% - 10 minutes, 150% - 1 minute
BYPASS
Voltage limits for inverter/
bypass load transfers
+/- 10% (adjustable)
Overload on bypass
150% for 1 minute & 45 times In for 10 ms, non repetitive
Primary components
Static switch (SCR) on bypass
Electromechanic contactors (backfeed protection) on bypass and inverter
2 Manual switches for maintenance bypass
INTERFACING
RS232 serial port, EPO, Customer
Interface board
Standard
PHYSICAL DATA
Weight
1050 Kg
1220 Kg
1470 Kg
1560 Kg
2190 Kg
2470 Kg
Floor loading
1373 Kg/m2
1105 Kg/m2
1331 Kg/m2
1412 Kg/m2
1281 Kg/m2
1445 Kg/m2
Dimensions (WxDxH)
900x850x1900
mm
1300x850x1900
mm
1300x850x1900
mm
1300x850x1900
mm
1800x950x1900
mm
1800x950x1900
mm
23
Mid Power UPS
TLE Series - VFI Double-Conversion Transformerless UPS
3-phase CE, 40 - 60 - 80 - 100 - 120 kW Scalable
Overview
The TLE Series UPS is one of the best performing three-phase UPS systems
providing critical power protection for a wide range of applications. The TLE Series
operates in VFI mode (Voltage Frequency Independent) and has been developed
to satisfy the growing request of high efficiency through an innovative control
algorithm with 3-level inverter technology. This innovative product provides double
conversion operating mode.
The TLE Series UPS provides industry-leading reliability, efficiency, clean input
performance and unity power factor at output. Reliability can be further
increased by paralleling more units utilizing GE’s unique RPA™ (Redundant Parallel
Architecture) technology.
Features and Benefits
Function
• Scalable from 40 to 120kW
• True front access for operation and maintenance reduces mean time to repair (MTTR)
Easy to install, service and grow, the
• Standard built in back feed protection and maintenance switch minimize installation
TLE40-120 Scalable is optimized for
cost and increase safety
office environments, but also suitable for
Data Center
Telecommunication
Transportation
• Smaller
size reduced installation and operational footprint
more traditional, industrial applications.
• Redundant Parallel Architecture (RPA) for reliability, redundancy and
scalability up to 6 UPS
• Enhanced output performance with unit power factor to protect and supply
Data Center
Telecommunication
Transportation
modern IT load
Typical Applications
• Excellent dynamic performance and low output voltage distortion
• IT Rooms
Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
• Improved
diagnostic capabilities with waveform capture and capacitor monitoring
• Transportation and Rail
• Clean input performance with 0.99 input power factor and <3% THDi
• Telecommunication installations
• Double conversion efficiency up to 95.4%
• Manufacturing & Process control
Transportation
nternet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
• Output power factor 1
• Financial & banking systems
• True front access design
• Healthcare & Hospitals
• Compact foot print
• Broadcast
Financial Systems
Healthcare
er
Telecommunication
Transportation Industrial Systems
Data Center
Telecommunication
Transportation
• Improved user interface
• Extremely low output voltage distortion
• Superior Battery Management
Financial Systems
Process Control Equipment
Industrial Systems
Healthcare
Options
• Redundant Parallel Architecture (RPA) for paralleling up to six (6) TLE modules for
redundancy and high reliability
• RPA “cable saver” allow wider cable length differences between UPS modules when
paralleling multiple modules
Call Center
Data Transmission
Mission Critical Servers
Healthcare
• Matching VRLA battery cabinets with wide range of battery runtimes
• External maintenance bypass cabinets
Labratory
Internet Servers
Internet Service
Providers
Process Control Equipment
tems
Industrial
Systems Local NetworkSecurity Operations
Healthcare
• Connectivity
options
(SNMP, customer interface cards, remote status panels,
Financial
Systems
Industrial
Systems
Healthcare
nternet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
Standards & Certification
iUPSGuard remote monitoring)
Safety: EN 62040 (EN 62050-1)
• Additional power block or license upgrades for more power
Data Center
Data TransmissionTransportation
Mission Critical Servers
Security Operations Call Center Telecommunication
Process Control Equipment
Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
Telecommunication
Transportation
Providers
Data Center
er
Labratory
EMC: EN 62040-2
Local Network
Mission Critical Servers
Internet Servers
Network Components
Financial Systems
Industrial
Systems
Healthcare
Data Transmission
Mission
CriticalTelcom
ServersIndustry Equipment
Call Center
Data Transmission
Industrial Systems
Healthcare
Financial Systems
PC
Mission Critical Servers
24
Specifications
GENERAL DATA
TLE SERIES 40
CE S1
Topology
VFI, double conversion
Nominal output power
40kW
Overall efficiency in VFI mode
95.4%
TLE SERIES 60
CE S1
TLE SERIES 80
CE S1
TLE SERIES 100
CE S1
TLE SERIES 120
CE S1
60kW
80kW
100kW
120kW
Overall efficiency in SEM
98.9%
Audible noise level
62dB(A)
Operating temperature range
0 °C - 40 °C (up to 50 °C subjected to conditions)
Protection degree
IP 30 (IEC 60529)
Standards
EN/IEC 62040, CE marking
EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility)
EN/IEC 62040-2 Category C3 (Category C2 as option)
Electrostatic discharge immunity
4kV contact / 8kV air discharge
Colour
RAL 9005 (black)
Service access
External cable connections
Front and top access only
Bottom at front of the cabinet (standard)
Paralleling (RPA version)
Up to 6 units for redundancy or capacity in RPA configuration (option)
RECTIFIER
Standard input voltage
Nominal: 3x400V + N Programmable: 3x380 / 415V + N
Rectifier accepted ph-ph voltage range: 340V - 460V (wider voltages subject to de-rated loads)
Input frequency
50/60 Hz +/-10% (45 - 66 Hz)
Power factor
0.99
Input current THD
<3%
BATTERY
Battery type
Valve regulated lead-acid (VRLA)-standard, vented lead-acid, wet battery and NiCd
Float voltage at 20°C
409V - 490V (dependent on the number of cells)
INVERTER
Nominal output voltage
(on site programmable)
3x380V / 400V / 415V + N
Output frequency
50/60 Hz (selectable)
Output voltage tolerance: static
+/- 1%
Output voltage tolerance: dynamic (at
load step 0 – 100 – 0%)
+/- 3%
- output voltage THD for 100%
linear load
< 3%
- output voltage THD for 100%
non-linear load (EN 62040)
<5%
Output frequency tolerance:
free-running
Overload capability
(at 25°C ambient temperature)
+/- 0.1%
105% continuous, 110% - 10 minutes, 125% - 1 minute, 150% - 30 seconds
BYPASS
Voltage limits for inverter/
bypass load transfers
+/- 10% (adjustable)
Overload on bypass
190A continuous - 260A for 1 minute & 3810A for 10ms, non repetitive
Primary components
Static switch (SCR) on bypass
Electromechanic contactors (backfeed protection) on bypass and inverter
2 manual switches for maintenance bypass
INTERFACING
RS232 serial port, EPO, Customer
Interface board
Standard
PHYSICAL DATA
Weight
385 Kg
450 Kg
520 Kg
Floor loading
755 Kg/m2
883 Kg/m2
1020 Kg/m2
Dimensions (WxDxH)
600x865x1630 mm
25
Low Power UPS
TLE Series - VFI Double-Conversion Transformerless UPS
3-phase CE, 30 - 40 kW
Overview
The TLE Series UPS is one of the best performing three-phase UPS systems
providing critical power protection for a wide range of applications. The TLE Series
operates in VFI mode (Voltage Frequency Independent) and has been developed
to satisfy the growing request of high efficiency through an innovative control
algorithm with 3-level inverter technology. This innovative product provides double
conversion operating mode.
The TLE Series UPS provides industry-leading reliability, efficiency, clean input
performance and unity power factor at output. Reliability can be further increased
by paralleling more units utilizing GE’s unique RPA™ (Redundant Parallel
Architecture) technology.
Features and Benefits
Function
Easy to install and service, the
TLE30-40 is optimized for office
environments,Data
but
Centeralso suitableTelecommunication
for more traditional, industrial
applications.
Data Center
Telecommunication
Transportation
Typical Applications
• IT Rooms Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
• Transportation and Rail
• Telecommunication installations
• Transportation
Manufacturing
& Process control
nternet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
• Financial & banking systems
• Healthcare & Hospitals
Financial Systems
er
Telecommunication
Transportation Industrial Systems
• Broadcast
Data Center
• True front access for operation and maintenance reduces mean time to repair (MTTR)
• Standard built in back feed protection and maintenance switch minimize installation
cost and increase safety
• Smaller size reduced installation and operational footprint
• Redundant Parallel Architecture (RPA) for reliability, redundancy and scalability up to 6 UPS
• Enhanced
output performance with unit power factor to protect and supply
Transportation
modern IT load
• Excellent dynamic performance and low output voltage distortion
• Improved diagnostic capabilities with waveform capture and capacitor monitoring
• Clean input performance with 0.99 input power factor and <3% THDi
• Double conversion efficiency up to 95.4%
Process Control
Equipmentfactor 1
• Output
power
• True front access design
• Compact foot print
• Improved user interface
• Extremely low output voltage distortion
• Superior Battery Management
Healthcare
Telecommunication
Transportation
Options
• Redundant Parallel Architecture (RPA) for paralleling up to six (6) TLE modules for
redundancy and high reliability
• RPA “cable saver” allow wider cable length differences between UPS modules when
Data Center
Data TransmissionTransportation
Mission Critical Servers
Providers
Security Operations Call Center Telecommunication
Process Control Equipment
multiple
modules
Internet Service Providers
Securityparalleling
Operations
Process Control
Equipment
Data Center
Telecommunication
Transportation
• Matching VRLA battery cabinets with wide range of battery runtimes
• External maintenance bypass cabinets
Call Center
Data Transmission
Mission Critical Servers
Healthcare
• Connectivity options (SNMP, customer interface cards, remote status panels,
iUPSGuard remote monitoring)
• Additional Internal Transformers
Labratory
Internet Servers
Internet Service
Providers
Process Control Equipment
tems
Industrial
Systems Local NetworkSecurity Operations
Healthcare
Financial Systems
Industrial Systems
Healthcare
nternet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
• Front Bottom Cable
Connection
er
Financial Systems
Process Control Equipment
Industrial Systems
Healthcare
Standards & Certification
Safety: EN 62040 (EN 62050-1)
Labratory
Internet Servers
EMC: EN 62040-2
Local Network
Mission Critical Servers
Network Components
Financial Systems
Industrial
Systems
Healthcare
Data Transmission
Mission
CriticalTelcom
ServersIndustry Equipment
Call Center
Data Transmission
Industrial Systems
Healthcare
Financial Systems
PC
Mission Critical Servers
26
Specifications
GENERAL DATA
TLE SERIES 30 CE S1
Topology
VFI, double conversion
Nominal output power
30kW
Overall efficiency in VFI mode
95.3%
Overall efficiency in eBoost mode
98.6%
Audible noise level
60dB(A)
Operating temperature range
0 °C - 40 °C (up to 50 °C subjected to conditions)
Protection degree
IP 20 (IEC 60529 - IP 30 on request)
Standards
EN/IEC 62040, CE marking
EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility)
EN/IEC 62040-2
Electrostatic discharge immunity
4kV contact / 8kV air discharge
TLE SERIES 40 CE S1
40kW
Colour
RAL 9005 (Black)
Service access
Front and top access only (castors available on the bottom of the UPS)
External cable connections
Bottom at the rear of the cabinet. Front connection as option
Paralleling (RPA version)
Up to 6 units for redundancy or capacity in RPA configuration (option)
RECTIFIER
Standard input voltage
Nominal: 3x400V + N Programmable: 3x380 / 415V + N
Rectifier accepted ph-ph voltage range: 340V - 460V (lower voltages acceptable with de-rated loads)
Input frequency
50/60 Hz +/-10% (45 - 66 Hz)
Power factor
0.99
Input current THD
<3% at 100% load <5% at 50% load
BATTERY
Battery type
Valve regulated lead-acid (VRLA)-standard, Vented lead-acid, wet battery and NiCd
Float voltage at 20°C
409V - 490V (dependent on the number of blocks)
GE Batteries Solutions
10 years design life VRLA batteries
INVERTER
Nominal output voltage (on site programmable)
3x380V / 400V / 415V + N
Output frequency
50/60 Hz (selectable)
Output voltage tolerance: static
Output voltage tolerance: dynamic (at load step
0 – 100 – 0%)
- output voltage THD for 100% linear load
+/- 1%
+/- 3%
<2%
- output voltage THD for 100%
non-linear load (EN 62040)
Output frequency tolerance: free-running
<5%
Overload capability
(at 25°C ambient temperature)
105% continuous, 110% - 10 minutes, 125% - 1 minute, 150% - 30 seconds
+/- 0.1%
BYPASS
Voltage limits for inverter/
bypass load transfers
+/- 10% (adjustable)
Overload on bypass
150% for 1 minute & 45 times In for 10 ms, non repetitive
Primary components
Static switch (SCR) on bypass
Electromechanic contactors (backfeed protection) on bypass and inverter
2 manual switches for maintenance bypass
INTERFACING
RS232 serial port, EPO, Customer
Interface board
Standard
PHYSICAL DATA
Weight
230 Kg
Floor loading
542 Kg/m2
Dimensions (WxDxH)
500x850x1705 mm
27
TLE Modular Series
3-phase CE, 30 - 60 - 90 - 120 - 150 - 180 kVA
Overview
GE’s TLE Modular Series UPS is one of the most reliable three-phase UPS modular
systems, designed for N+X redundancy, on-line and hot-swappable. The TLE Modular
Series provides compact footprint with high power capability, achieving up to
540kVA in order to guarantee maximum flexibility of system design for any kind of
application.
The TLE Modular Series UPS provides high efficiency in all operating conditions
keeping high level of protection to critical loads connected, minimizing input current
distortion and consequently reducing operational costs. This makes TLE Modular
Series UPS a perfect choice for environmental-friendly solutions.
Features and Benefits
• 30-180kVA modular design
• High power capability up to 540kVA
• On-line efficiency up to 95.5% and 99% in ECO mode
Function
Easy to install and service, the
TLE 30-180 kVA is optimized for
office environments,
but also suitable
Data Center
Telecommunication
for more traditional, industrial
applications.
Data Center
Telecommunication
Transportation
Typical Applications
Industrial Systems
• 228-478V accepted input voltage minimizes battery operations
• Low Output
Voltage distortion <1% THDU
Transportation
• User Friendly 10.4’’ Touch LCD display
• SNMP card included
• Backfeed protection included
• Maintenance Bypass included
• IT Rooms Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
• Transportation and Rail
• Telecommunication installations
• Transportation
Manufacturing
& Process control
nternet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
• Financial & banking systems
• Healthcare & Hospitals
Financial Systems
er
Telecommunication
Transportation Industrial Systems
• Broadcast
Data Center
Financial Systems
Process Control Equipment
• Clean input performance with >0.99 PF and <3% THDi
Process Control Equipment
Healthcare
Telecommunication
Transportation
Healthcare
Data Center
Data TransmissionTransportation
Mission Critical Servers
Security Operations Call Center Telecommunication
Process Control Equipment
Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
Telecommunication
Transportation
Providers
Data Center
Call Center
Healthcare
Data Transmission
Mission Critical Servers
Labratory
Internet Servers
Internet Service
Providers
Process Control Equipment
tems
Industrial
Systems Local NetworkSecurity Operations
Healthcare
Financial Systems
Industrial Systems
nternet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
Standards & Certification
Healthcare
Safety: EN 62040 (EN 62050-1)
Labratory
Internet Servers
EMC: EN 62040-2
Local Network
Mission Critical Servers
er
Network Components
Financial Systems
Industrial
Systems
Healthcare
Data Transmission
Mission
CriticalTelcom
ServersIndustry Equipment
Call Center
Data Transmission
Industrial Systems
Healthcare
Financial Systems
Network Components
Internet Servers
Telcom Industry Equipment
PC
PC
Mission Critical Servers
28
Specifications
GENERAL DATA
TLE MODULAR SERIES 30 -180 (1 TO 6 MODULES) kVA
Topology
VFI, double conversion
Nominal output power
27-162 kW
Overall efficiency in VFI mode
>95%
Overall efficiency in ECO mode
99%
Audible noise level
65dB(A) full load (at 1 m)
Operating temperature range
UPS: 0°C - 40°C (50°C with de-rated loads)
Protection degree
IP20 (IEC 60529)
Standards
EN/IEC 62040, CE marking
EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility)
EN/IEC 62040-2
Electrostatic discharge immunity
4kV contact / 8kV air discharge
Colour
RAL 9005 (Black)
External cable connections
Mid-rear, (Optional Front-bottom) and Top-bottom standard
Paralleling
Up to 3 units units for redundancy or capacity in RPA configuration (option)
RECTIFIER
Standard input voltage
Nominal: 3x400V + N Programmable: 3x380 / 415V + N
Rectifier accepted ph-ph voltage range
Rectifier accepted ph-ph voltage range: 228* - 478V (low voltages acceptable with de-rated loads)
Input frequency
50/60 Hz +/-10% (45 ÷ 66 Hz)
Power factor
0.99
Input current THD
<3% at 100% load
*conditions apply
BATTERY
Battery type
Valve regulated lead-acid (VRLA)-standard, Vented lead-acid, wet battery and NiCd and Li-Ion
Float voltage at 20°C
436-545Vdc (dependent on the number of cells)
GE Battery Solutions
10 years design life VRLA batteries (EUROBAT)
Battery cold start
Available
INVERTER
Nominal output voltage
(on site programmable)
3x380V / 400V / 415V + N
Output frequency
50/60 Hz (selectable)
Output voltage tolerance: static
+/- 1%
Output voltage tolerance: dynamic
(at load step 0 – 100 – 0%)
+/-1.5%
– Output voltage THD for 100% linear load
<1%
– Output voltage THD for 100%
non-linear load (EN 62040)
<5%
Overload capability
(at 25°C ambient temperature)
110% for 1 hour / 125% for 10 minutes / 150% for 1 minute / >150% for 200ms
BYPASS
TLE MODULAR SERIES 30 -180 (1 TO 6 MODULES) kVA
Overload on bypass
257A long term operation / 292A for 5 mins / 350A for 1 min. / 935A for 1s / >935A for 200ms
Primary components
Static switch (SCR) on bypass Electromechanic contactors (backfeed protection) on bypass and inverter
manual switch for maintenance bypass
INTERFACING
USB Port, RS232 serial port, RS 485 port,
EPO, Customer Interface board
Standard
SNMP Card with iUPSGuard 1 year license
Included
PHYSICAL DATA
Weights
Cabinet - 170kg, Power Module 30kVA - 34kg
Floor loading
309 (30kVA) - 566 (180kVA) kg/m2
Dimensions (WxDxH)
600x1100x1600mm
29
LP33 Series - VFI Double-Conversion Transformerless UPS
3-phase CE, 10 - 20 - 30 - 40 kVA
Overview
Designed as a true VFI (Voltage and Frequency Independent) UPS, the LP Series is an
on-line double conversion, intelligent and heavy duty UPS. The VFI concept ensures
the highest level of protection, even under the toughest conditions.
Features and Benefits
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
GE’s clean input Active IGBT technology
Multi-language LCD, easy to use
Excellent overload behavior, withstands toughest conditions
Cold start function (start-up without mains present)
Manual bypass integrated in UPS
Equipped with RS232 serial port
Fits well in office environment
Frequency converter
Options
Function
Easy to install and service, the
LP33 Series is optimized for office
environments, but also suitable for more
traditional, industrial applications.
Data Center
•
•
•
•
•
•
SNMP Card
GE Power Diagnostics
Rectifier and/or bypass transformer
Input THDI <4.5% for 60-80-100-120kVA
Redundant Parallel Architecture
MODBUS RTU Interface
Telecommunication
Transportation
Typical Applications
Computer and data centers
Telecommunication
Transportation
Call centers
Manufacturing and process control units
Medical equipment
and healthcare
facilities
Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
Broadcast and satellite transmission systems
Fixed and mobile voice and data
transmission systems
Transportation
nternet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
• Emergency lighting systems
• Security systems
Financial Systems
• Financial
systems
and services
er
Telecommunication
Transportation Industrial Systems
Data Center
•
•
•
•
•
•
Data Center
Financial Systems
Process Control Equipment
Industrial Systems
Process Control Equipment
Healthcare
Telecommunication
Transportation
Healthcare
Data Center
Data TransmissionTransportation
Mission Critical Servers
Security Operations Call Center Telecommunication
Process Control Equipment
Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
Telecommunication
Transportation
Providers
Data Center
Call Center
Healthcare
Data Transmission
Mission Critical Servers
Labratory
Internet Servers
Internet Service
Providers
Process Control Equipment
tems
Industrial
Systems Local NetworkSecurity Operations
Healthcare
Financial Systems
Industrial Systems
nternet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
er
Standards & Certification
Healthcare
Safety: EN 62040 (EN 62050-1)
Labratory
Internet Servers
EMC: EN 62040-2
Local Network
Mission Critical Servers
Network Components
Financial Systems
Industrial
Systems
Healthcare
Data Transmission
Mission
CriticalTelcom
ServersIndustry Equipment
Call Center
Data Transmission
Industrial Systems
Healthcare
Financial Systems
PC
Mission Critical Servers
30
Specifications
GENERAL DATA
LP33 SERIES 20
CE S6
LP33 SERIES 30
CE S5
LP33 SERIES 40
CE S5
Topology
LP33 SERIES 10
CE S6
VFI, double conversion
Nominal output power
10kW
20kW
30kW
40kVA / 32kW
Overall efficiency in VFI mode
92.4%
Overall efficiency in eBoost mode
98.6%
60dB(A)
65dB(A)
Audible noise level
53dB(A)
Operating temperature range
UPS: 0°C - 40°C
Protection degree
IP 20 (IEC 60529)
Standards
EN/IEC 62040, CE marking
EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility)
EN/IEC 62040-2
Electrostatic discharge immunity
4kV contact / 8kV air discharge
Colour
RAL 9003 (white)
Service access
Front and lateral (castors available on the bottom of the UPS)
External cable connections
Bottom left
Paralleling (RPA version)
Up to 4 units parallelable for redundancy or capacity in RPA configuration (optional)
RECTIFIER
Standard input voltage
Nominal: 3x400V + N Programmable: 3x380 / 415V + N
Rectifier accepted ph-ph voltage range: 323 - 460V
Input frequency
50/60 Hz +/-10% (45 - 66 Hz)
Power factor
>0.98
Input current THD
<8%
BATTERY
Battery type
Valve regulated lead-acid (VRLA)
Float voltage at 20°C
2x273Vdc
INVERTER
Nominal output voltage
(on site programmable)
3x380V / 400V / 415V + N
Output frequency
50/60 Hz (selectable)
Output voltage tolerance: static
Output voltage tolerance: dynamic
(at load step 0 – 100 – 0%)
- output voltage THD for 100% linear load
+/- 1%
+/- 3%
<2%
- output voltage THD for 100%
non-linear load (EN 62040)
Output frequency tolerance: free-running
<3%
Overload capability
(at 25°C ambient temperature)
125% - 10 minutes, 150% - 1 minute
+/- 0.1%
BYPASS
Voltage limits for inverter/
bypass load transfers
+/- 10% (adjustable)
Overload on bypass
200% for 2 min. and 1000% for 10 ms, non repetitive
Primary components
Static switch (SCR) on bypass
Electromechanic contactors (backfeed protection) on bypass and inverter
2 Manual switches for maintenance bypass
INTERFACING
RS232 serial port, EPO, Customer
Interface board
Standard
PHYSICAL DATA
Weight
140 Kg
150 Kg
195 Kg
200 Kg
Floor loading
359 Kg/m2
385 Kg/m2
379 Kg/m2
389 Kg/m2
Dimensions (WxDxH)
500x780x1320 mm
660x780x1320 mm
31
LP11/31T Series - VFI Double-Conversion Transformerless UPS
1-phase/3-phase in, 1-phase out CE, 3 - 5 - 6 - 8 - 10 kVA
Overview
GE’s LP11/31T Series is a single-phase UPS system based on true online doubleconversion technology. Available in the power rating 3 (1-phase only), 5, 6, 8 and
10 kVA, the LP Series UPS provides you with the ultimate protection against any
disturbances in the utility power such as surges, spikes, EMI noise, brown outs, black
outs, etc. Using GE’s unique Redundant Parallel Architecture (RPA) the LP Series
UPS is suitable for mission-critical applications. The LP11/31T is tailored for multiserver environments, working with all common operating systems. The possibility
for upgrade avoids the need for over sizing. Together with Superior Battery
Management (SBM) this guarantees a favorable economic lifecycle.
Features and Benefits
Function
LP11/31T Series—for your missioncritical equipment—is protected from
any fluctuation in your power source,
Data Center
enabling you to
concentrate onTelecommunication
your
core activities.
Data Center
Typical Applications
Telecommunication
Transportation
• RPA—Possible to connect output of up to 4 UPS in parallel
• Superior Battery Management—SBM enhances the battery
lifetime providing the following
• ECO-mode—When ECO mode is selected, the LP11/31T operates continuously
on bypass
• On-board event logging—All events such as mains failures, alarms, etc., are
logged into the memory of the UPS
• True on-line double conversion—Maximum protection possible
Options
• SNMP Card
Transportation
• Alarm Boxes
•RPA
• Battery Extension Packs
• Computer and data centers
• Call centers
Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
• Telecommunications equipment
Security systems
• Financial institutions
nternet Service Providers
Security Operations
Data Center
Telecommunication Process Control Equipment
Transportation
• Fixed and mobile voice and
data transmission
• Security systems
Financial Systems
Industrial Systems
Data Center
Financial Systems
Internet Service Providers
Healthcare
Telecommunication Healthcare
Transportation
Industrial Systems
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
Data Center
Data Center
Call Center
Process Control Equipment
TelecommunicationData TransmissionTransportation
TransportationMission Critical Servers
Call Center Telecommunication
Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
Data Transmission
Mission Critical Servers Healthcare
Financial Systems
Industrial Systems
Standards & Certification
Safety: EN 62040 (EN 62050-1)
EMC: EN 62040-2
Local Network
Internet Service
Security Operations
InternetProviders
Service Providers
Security Operations
Local Network
Financial Systems
Call Center
Labratory
Labratory
Internet Servers
Process Control
ProcessEquipment
Control Equipment
Industrial Systems Internet Servers
Healthcare
Data Transmission
Mission Critical Servers
Network Components
Telcom Industry Equipment
Financial Financial
Systems Systems
IndustrialIndustrial
Systems Systems
Healthcare
Healthcare
PC
32
Specifications
GENERAL DATA
LP11 SERIES 3kVA
LP11/31T SERIES
5kVA
Topology
VFI, double conversion
Nominal output power
3kVA/2.4kW
Overall efficiency in VFI mode
89%
Audible noise level
40 - 50dB(A)
5kVA/4kW
LP11/31T SERIES
6kVA
LP11/31T SERIES
8kVA
LP11/31T SERIES
10kVA
6kVA/4.8kW
8kVA/6.8kW
10kVA/8kW
Operating temperature range
UPS: 0 °C - 40 °C
Protection degree
IP 20 (IEC 60529)
Standards
EN/IEC 62040, CE marking
EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility)
EN/IEC 62040-2
Colour
RAL 9010 (white)
Paralleling (RPA version)
Up to 4 units for redundancy or capacity in RPA configuration (option)
3-1 CONVERTER (31T MODEL ONLY)
AC input voltage range
230/400V +/- 15%
Input frequency range
45 - 65Hz
RECTIFIER
Input Voltage
220 - 240V L + N
Input frequency
40 - 70Hz
Power factor
>0.99
INVERTER
Nominal output voltage
(on site programmable)
220/230/240V
Output frequency
50/60Hz (selectable)
Output voltage tolerance: static
+/- 1%
Overload capability
(at 25°C ambient temperature)
110%: 20 min., 130%: 3.5 min., 150%: 2 min.
BYPASS
Voltage limits for inverter/
bypass load transfers
+/- 10% of nominal
Frequency tracking range
+/- 2, 4 or 6% of nominal, selectable
INTERFACING
RS232 serial port, EPO,
Voltage free contact
Standard
PHYSICAL DATA
Weight LP11
85 Kg
110 Kg
115 Kg
165 Kg
170 Kg
Weight LP31T
n.a.
180 Kg
185 Kg
270 Kg
275 Kg
Dimensions (WxDxH) LP11
313x590x537 mm
Dimensions (WxDxH) LP31T
n.a.
313x720x680 mm
313x590x855 mm
313x720x995 mm
BATTERIES RUNTIME
With internal batteries (full load)
8-11 mins.
With extra battery pack (full load)
up to 80 mins.
33
LP31 Series - VFI Double-Conversion UPS
3-phase to 1-phase CE, 8 - 10 - 15 - 20 kVA
Overview
The LP31 Series 8 - 10 - 15 - 20 kVA UPS series is a compact, truly online 3-phase
in 1-phase out system that incorporates the most advanced power electronics
technology to provide exceptional protection for electrical equipment.
Features and Benefits
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Superior Battery Management—Maximum uptime
ECO-mode—High efficiency (97%), low energy costs
On board event logging—Easy and fast diagnostics
Multi-lingual LC display—Shows all operational parameters in several
languages to choose from GB/NL/D/IT/ES
Design front—Elegant design, fits with all modern ICT products
Emergency power off (standard)—Emergency shutdown in case of
fire or water alarms
Excellent Overload Behavior—Withstands toughest conditions
Isolation transformer—Ultimate protection from disturbances
Tracking speed is selectable—Optimized for generator supply
Options
Function
LP31 Series—for your mission-critical
equipment—is protected from any
Center power source,
Telecommunication
fluctuation inData
your
enabling you to concentrate on your
core activities.
Data Center
Telecommunication
• SNMP Card
• Alarm Boxes
• Battery Extension Packs
Transportation
Transportation
Typical Applications
•
•
•
•
•
•
Computer
and data centers Security Operations
Internet Service Providers
Call centers
Telecommunications equipment
Security
systems
Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
Data Center
Telecommunication
Financial institutions
Fixed and mobile voice and
Financial Systems
Industrial Systems
data transmission
Telecommunication
Transportation
Financial Systems
Industrial Systems
Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
Data CenterData Center
Process Control Equipment
Process Control Equipment
Transportation
Healthcare
Healthcare
Process Control Equipment
Telecommunication
Transportation
Call Center Telecommunication
Data TransmissionTransportation
Mission Critical Servers
Call Center Financial Systems
Transmission
Security Operations
Process ControlData
Equipment
Industrial Systems
Standards & Certification
Mission Critical ServersHealthcare
Safety: EN 62040 (EN 62050-1)
EMC: EN 62040-2
Internet Service
Providers
Process Control
Equipment
Internet
Service Providers
Security Operations Labratory
Process
Control Equipment
Local NetworkSecurity Operations
Internet Servers
Local Network
Industrial Systems
Call Center
HealthcareLabratory
Data Transmission
Internet Servers
Mission Critical Servers
Financial Systems
Industrial Systems
HealthcareHealthcare
Financial Systems
Industrial Systems
Network Components
Telcom Industry Equipment
PC
34
Network Components
Industry Equipment
Data Transmission
Mission Telcom
Critical Servers
Local Network
Labratory
PC
Internet Servers
Specifications
GENERAL DATA
LP31 SERIES 8kVA
Topology
VFI, double conversion
LP31 SERIES 10kVA
Nominal output power
8kVA/6.4kW
Overall efficiency in VFI mode
92%
Audible noise level
40-50dB(A)
Operating temperature range
UPS: -10°C – 40°C
Protection degree
IP 20 (IEC 60529)
Standards
EN/IEC 62040, CE marking
EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility)
EN/IEC 62040-2
Colour
RAL 9010 (white)
10kVA/8kW
LP31 SERIES 15kVA
LP31 SERIES 20kVA
15kVA/12kW
20kVA/16kW
RECTIFIER
Input Voltage
3x300-470V + N
Input frequency
45 - 65Hz
Power factor
>0.95
INVERTER
Nominal output voltage (on site programmable)
220/230/240V
Output frequency
50/60Hz (selectable)
Output voltage tolerance: static
+/- 1%
Overload capability
(at 25°C ambient temperature)
120% >10 s, 150% >2 s
BYPASS
Voltage limits for inverter/bypass load transfers
-15% +10% of nominal
Frequency tracking range
+/- 2, 4 or 6% of nominal, selectable
INTERFACING
RS232 serial port, EPO, Voltage free contact
Standard
PHYSICAL DATA
LP31 SERIES 8kVA
LP31 SERIES 10kVA
LP31 SERIES 15kVA
LP31 SERIES 20kVA
Weight
240kg
240kg
345kg
350kg
Dimensions (WxDxH)
410x890x1190mm
BATTERIES RUNTIME
With internal batteries (full load)
up to 36 mins.
With extra battery pack
up to 123 mins.
35
GT Series - VFI Double-Conversion UPS
1-phase CE, 6 - 10 kVA
Overview
The GT Series is a true VFI (Voltage & Frequency Independent) on-line double
conversion, transformerless, intelligent and high performance installable UPS. This
UPS provides critical power protection to suit a wide range of IT Networks, Telecom
and other applications. The GT Series is easy to install and service, and is designed
for maximum site flexibility. With an attractively designed modern common tower
and/or 19inch rack mount cabinet, the UPS can adapt as network configurations
adapt. Both the power and redundancy of the system can be expanded by adding
units (N+2) to create a parallel system.
For communication, the GT Series is equipped with RS232 and contact interface as
standard; a web-enabled SNMP card is available as an option. Operation in remote
or unmanned sites is simple to coordinate with the standard remote monitoring
functionality. No load shutdown, automatic frequency detection, settable minimum
start-up runtime and extended runtime availability with optional battery packs are
Transportation
additional
features of the GT Series UPS.
Function
GT Series—for your mission-critical
equipment—is protected from any
fluctuation inData
your
Center power
Telecommunication
source, enabling you to concentrate on
your core activities.
Data Center
Telecommunication
Typical Applications
•
•
•
•
•
•
Computer
and data centers Security Operations
Internet Service Providers
Call centers
Telecommunications equipment
Security
systems
Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
Data Center
Telecommunication
Financial institutions
Fixed and mobile voice and
data transmission
Financial Systems
Industrial Systems
Financial Systems
Industrial Systems
Telecommunication
Transportation
Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
Data CenterData Center
Features and Benefits
Transportation
•
•
•
•
•
Online double-conversion technology assuring ultimate power quality
Remote controlled, programmable computer shutdown
Combined
tower/rack for maximum flexibility
Process Control Equipment
Wide input voltage window to minimize battery operation
Small footprint and low weight, ideal for IT applications or sites with
limited
available space
Process Control Equipment
Transportation
• Hot-swappable batteries for easy replacement without dropping the load
• Simple installation of paralleling cable for expanded power and redundancy
of theHealthcare
system
• Backfeed protection providing optimal safety for installation
• Frequency converter (50Hz – 60Hz) also in parallel operation
•Healthcare
AllProcess
components
for rack, tower and parallel installation are included with the UPS
Control Equipment
Options
Telecommunication
Transportation
Call Center Telecommunication
Data TransmissionTransportation
Mission Critical Servers
• Battery Extension Packs—The paralleling cable delivered with
each GT Series UPS allows you to connectup to 3 UPS in the same power rating
together in a parallel system
Call Center Financial Systems
Transmission
Mission Critical ServersHealthcare
Security Operations
Process ControlData
Equipment
Industrial Systems
• SNMP Card—An SNMP card may be inserted into the proper plug to allow UPS data
Standards & Certification
communication over an Ethernet network or web
Safety: EN 62040 (EN 62050-1)
•Control
Rack
Kits
Internet
Service Providers
Security Operations Labratory
Process
Equipment
Internet Service
Providers
Process Control
Equipment
Local NetworkSecurity Operations
Internet Servers
EMC: EN 62040-2
Environmental: RoHS, WEEE
Local Network
Industrial Systems
Call Center
HealthcareLabratory
Data Transmission
Internet Servers
Mission Critical Servers
Financial Systems
Industrial Systems
Financial Systems
Industrial Systems
HealthcareHealthcare
Network Components
Telcom Industry Equipment
Network Components
Industry Equipment
Data Transmission
Mission Telcom
Critical Servers
Local Network
Labratory
PC
PC
Internet Servers
Data Transmission
Mission
Critical Servers
Call CenterCall Center Mid Sized Networks
Data Transmission
Mission Critical
Servers
Small Networks
Voice and Data Networks
Mid Sized Networks
Voice
and DataTelcom
Networks
Labratory
Internet
Servers
Network Components
Industry Equipment
Small Networks
PC
36
Specifications
GENERAL DATA
GT SERIES 6000
Topology
VFI, double conversion
GT SERIES 10000
Nominal output power
6000VA/4200W
Overall efficiency in VFI mode
92%
Audible noise level
<55dB(A) (load and temperature dependent)
Operating temperature range
0-40°C (15-25°C recommended for batteries)
Protection degree
IP 20 (IEC 60529)
Standards
EN/IEC 62040, CE marking
EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility)
EN/IEC 62040-2
Electrostatic discharge immunity
IEC/EN 61000-4-2, Level 4, 8kV contact / 15kV air discharge
Colour
RAL 9005 (black)
Paralleling (RPA version)
Up to 3 units for redundancy or capacity in RPA configuration (option)
10000VA/7000W
RECTIFIER
Input voltage range
84-276 V
Input frequency
40-70 Hz
Power factor
>0.97
INVERTER
Nominal output voltage (on site programmable)
220 / 230 / 240 (selectable)
Output frequency
50/60 Hz (selectable)
Output voltage tolerance: static
+/- 2%
Overload capability
(at 25°C ambient temperature)
125% - 1 minute, 150% - 10 seconds
BYPASS
Voltage limits for inverter/bypass load transfers
+/- 10% nominal
Transfer time
0.5 ms typical
INTERFACING
RS232 serial port, RPO, Parallel Board
Standard
PHYSICAL DATA
GT SERIES 6000
Weight
23.5 + 66.5 Kg
Dimensions (WxDxH), tower orientation
130(3U)x660x410mm
GT SERIES 10000
BATTERIES RUNTIME
With internal batteries (full load)
up to 12min
With extra battery pack (full load)
up to 47min
37
VH Series - VFI Double-Conversion UPS
1-phase CE, 700 - 1000 - 1500 - 2000 - 3000 VA
Overview
The VH Series is a true VFI (Voltage & Frequency Independent) on-line double
conversion, intelligent and high-performance UPS designed for all mission-critical
applications. The UPS range is designed with a unique failsafe bypass providing
maximum security and reliability for the user.
The VH Series has been designed also for maximum site flexibility. With an
attractively designed modern common tower and/or 19inch rackmountable design,
the UPS can adapt as network configurations adapt.
Data Center
Telecommunication
Transportation
Data Center
Telecommunication
Data Center
Telecommunication
Telecommunication
Transportation
Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
Function
Providing exceptionally reliable
Transportation
Providers
Security Operations
Internet ServiceInternet
Providers
Security Operations
Security Operations
Process Controlequipment.
Equipment
protection
for Service
electrical
Typical Applications
Process Control Equipment
Financial Systems
Industrial Systems
• Mission-critical servers
• Local area networks
•Industrial
Laboratory
devices
Financial
Systems
Industrial Systems
Process
ControlFinancial
Equipment
Systems
Industrial Systems
Systems
Healthcare
• Internet servers
• Network components
Call Center
• Telecommunication
equipmentData Transmission
Healthcare
• Process and telecom
industry equipment
Call Center
Data Transmission
HealthcareCall Center
Data Transmission
Data
Transmission
Mission Critical Servers
• Wind
Turbines
Mission Critical Servers
Local Network
Labratory
Mission CriticalLocal
Servers
Network Local Network
Labratory
Labratory
Internet Servers
Labratory
Network Components
Internet Servers
Data Center
Telcom Industry Equipment
Telecommunication
Network Components
InternetNetwork
Servers Components
Telcom Industry Equipment
Industry Equipment
Telcom IndustryTelcom
Equipment
PC
For communication, the VH Series is provided with USB and contact interface as
standard; an easy to install option card is available with RS232, USB and relay. A
web-enabled
Transportation SNMP card is available as an option.
Features and Benefits
Transportation Transportation
• Unique failsafe internal bypass for continued operation even
in the event of UPS failure
• Tower and/or 2U rack design for all ratings; all support elements included
Process Control Equipment
• Simple battery replacement without disruption to supported load
• Versatile communication with USB and contact interface, RS232, relays and SNMP
• Wide
input voltage window minimising battery usage
Control Equipment
Process ControlProcess
Equipment
• Excellent short circuit protection
• GE’s unique Superior Battery Management enhancing
battery
performance and lifetime
Healthcare
• Easy plug-in connection of battery packs for extended run-time
• Remote monitoring and control for unmanned or isolated sites
Healthcare
•Healthcare
Can be
used as a 50/60Hz frequency converter
• Phase neutral reversal protection
• High overload capability
Mission Critical Servers
• Precise
output frequency regulation
• High efficiency
Mission Critical Mission
Servers Critical Servers
Options
• Battery extension packs can be connected to obtain extended run-time
(not on
VH700VA)
Internet Servers
• Plug-in communication card easy-to-install option cards with either
RS232-USB-Relay or with SNMP functionality
• Supporting
Internet
ServersInternet ServersRail Rack-mount Kit to properly support the UPS when mounted
in 19 inch rack
• Maritime kit to further strengthen the UPS in harsh maritime environments
with high
PC vibrations and poor mains quality
Transportation
PC
PC
Standards & Certification
Safety: EN 62040 (EN 62050-1)
Mid Sized Networks
Small Networks
Voice and Data Networks
PC
Internet
Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
EMC:
ENService
62040-2
Mid Sized Networks
and Data Networks
PCMid Sized Networks
Voice and Data Voice
Networks
Small Networks
Voice and Data Networks
Small Networks
Financial Systems
ATMs
Industrial Systems
Petrol Pumps
Small NetworksSmall Networks
Healthcare
Parking Meters
38
Specifications
VH CE SERIES MODEL
VH700
VH1000
VH1500
VH2000
VH3000
Voltage Amperes (VA) with computer
type load
700
1000
1500
2000
3000
Watts (W) with resistive load
490
700
1050
1400
2100
Input thermal circuit breaker (A)
7
7
8
10
16
Internal input fuse 250V, slow (A)
8
8
10
16
20
8.8
13.1
INPUT CONVERTER
AC input voltage
220 - 240 V
AC input voltage range
100% load: 160 - 280 V
70% load: 130 - 280 V
input >280 Vac: UPS switches to battery operation
Minimum start-up AC voltage
170 V (at any load)
Input current waveform
sinusoidal, conform or better than EN 61000-3-2 (IEC 555-2)
Input current (A) at nominal
input voltage
Input power factor
3
1
Input frequency range
45 - 66 Hz
Inrush current
none
4.4
6.4
OUTPUT CONVERTER
AC output voltage
220 / 230 / 240 V (selectable)
AC output voltage tolerance
± 2%
Output frequency
auto selectable 50 or 60 Hz
Output frequency range
nominal ± 0.15%
Output waveform
sine wave
Harmonic distortion
< 2% (typical 1%) with linear load
Power factor
0.7
Crest factor (peak to RMS current)
suitable for loads with c.f. up to 6:1
Capacity appliance outlets
max. 10 A per outlet (one 16A outlet on VH Series 3000 VA)
BYPASS
AC input voltage range
selected output voltage +15% -10%
Frequency tracking rate
2 Hz/sec.
Frequency tracking range
nominal ± 10% / ± 2% selectable
Phase difference
< 7º
Typical transfer time, msec
1
OVERLOAD CAPABILITY
FULLY PROTECTED AGAINST OVERLOAD AND SHORT CIRCUITS
Overload behaviour during
battery operation
110% during 5 minutes
150% during 5 seconds
Overload behaviour during
bypass operation
depends on rating of thermal circuit breaker
typical: 125% of TCB value for 200 seconds
typical: 200% of TCB value for 10 seconds
typical: 300% of TCB value for 4 seconds
PHYSICAL DATA
VH700
VH1500
VH2000
VH3000
Weight
18.3kg
VH1000
19.3kg
31.3kg
33.3kg
Dimensions (WxDxH),
tower orientation
87(2U)x472x440mm
87(2U)x547x440mm
39
Data Center
Telecommunication
Transportation
VCO Series - VFI Double-Conversion UPS
Transportation
Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
1-phase CE, 1000 - 2000 - 3000 VA
nternet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
Telecommunication
Process Control Equipment
Financial Systems
Transportation
Function
Financial Systems
Telecommunication
Industrial SystemsTransportation
Healthcare
Ensuring a continuous supply of clean,
Call Center
conditioned
power to all critical
loads,
Healthcare
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
protecting against system interruption,
data corruption and data loss.
Call Center Security Operations
Data Transmission
Process Control Equipment Mission Critical Servers
Typical Applications
•PCs
Local Network
Healthcare
•Servers
• Mid-sized networks
• Laboratory devices
Local NetworkIndustrial Systems
Labratory
Internet Servers
Healthcare
• Voice/data networks
•Telecom
Network Components
Servers
•Internet
Light
industrial
Data Transmission
Mission Critical Servers
Mission Critical Servers
Industrial Systems
Telecommunication
Overview
GE’s VCO Series Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) is a true double-conversion
Industrial
Systems and Frequency
Healthcare
Voltage
Independent (VFI) UPS, providing the highest level of
protection to all loads. Regardless of the quality of power from the grid, the
VCO Series will create a brand new sine wave with a fully regulated voltage and
frequency; the supported load receives a constant, moderated supply. When the
grid power fails, the battery seamlessly steps in to continue the supply and allow for
enough time to finish the current process before initiating an automatic shutdown
Data Transmission
Mission Critical Servers
of the load until the mains returns.
Features and Benefits
• High operating efficiency >95% in high efficiency mode, reducing emergency and
operational costs on site
Labratory
Internet
• Multiple outlets for
allServers
ratings; several pieces of equipment can be connected to
the VCO Series without adding PDUs or extension strips; one set of outlets can
be programmed to switch off in order to increase the remaining runtime
• Rack and/or tower format in a single cabinet; as network demands change,
the VCO Series can adapt
• Automatic battery test makes a periodic health check of the batteries, ensuring
battery
Telcom Industry
Equipment availability PC
Transportation
Options
Network Components
Data Transmission
Telcom Industry Equipment
Mission Critical Servers
Mid Sized Networks
Internet Servers
Process Control Equipment
PC
Labratory
Security Operations
Mid Sized Networks Labratory
PC
Data Center
Telecommunication
Small Networks
Voice and Data Networks
Internet Servers
Small Networks
lcom Industry Equipment
Industrial Systems
ATMs
PC
• Battery extension packs can be connected to obtain extended run-time
• Plug-In SNMP card option
Available as an option, supporting all major operating platforms. The UPS can be
Small Networks
Voice and Data Networks
monitored and managed across a network, with web enabled SNMP configuration for
full visibility of UPS operation from any location.
Transportation
Petrol Pumps
Parking Meters
Healthcare
Standards & Certification
Safety: EN 62040 (EN 62050-1)
Security OperationsParking Meters
PC
EMC: EN 62040-2
Environmental: RoHS, WEEE
Internet Service Providers
ATMsTelcom Industry
Petrol Pumps
Equipment
Parking Meters
Voice and Data Networks
Data Transmission
Process Control Equipment
Small Networks
Mission Critical Servers
Financial Systems
Voice and Data Networks
Industrial Systems
Small Networks
Healthcare
Parking Meters
Petrol Pumps
Labratory
Call Center
Petrol Pumps
Telcom Industry Equipment
Local Network
Internet Servers
Data Transmission
Parking Meters
Mission Critical Servers
PC
Labratory
Internet Servers
40
Specifications
MODEL/CAT. NO. REF NO.
VCO1000
25930
VCO2000
25931
VCO3000
25932
Rating VA/W
1000/800
2000/1600
3000/2400
AC input voltage
208/220/230/240 Vac
AC input voltage, window
120 - 280 Vac
Frequency
50/60 Hz (auto-sensing)
Input power factor
>0.95 at full load
AC output voltage
208/220/230/240 Vac (selectable)
Output frequency
50/60 Hz (selectable)
Output wave factor
sine wave
Output power factor
0.8
Harmonic distortion
3% at linear load
Efficiency (ECO Mode)
>95%
Number of outlets (programable)
4(2)
6(3)
Runtime at typical load
(60%) minutes
Weight (kg)
7
8
16
32
Dimensions (WxDxH, mm), rack
440x405x88
440x620x88
Display type
LCD - Liquid Crystal Display
Safety
IEC/EN 62040-1
EMC
IEC/EN 62040-2
Ambient temperature
0°C to 40°C
Maximum relative humidity
95% (non-condensing)
38
41
Providers
Internet Service
Security
Providers
Operations
SecurityProcess
Operations
Control Equipment
Process Control Equipment
nternet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
VCL Series - Line Interactive UPS
Transportation
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
1-phase CE, 400 - 600 - 800 - 1000 - 1500 VA
tems
Industrial Systems
Industrial Systems
Healthcare
Financial SystemsFinancial Systems
Industrial Systems
Call Center
Overview
Healthcare
Function
Data Transmission
ork
Healthcare
GE’s VCL Series UPS offers continuity in a compact, lightweight and cost-effective
solution. The VCL Series range of UPS connects between the mains supply and your
critical load to ensure—when the mains power drops or fails—your load continues
to receive a clean, constant and reliable source of power until a safe shutdown of
Call Center
Data Transmission
Data Transmission
Mission Critical Servers
Mission Critical Servers
Data Transmission
Mission Critical Servers
the load can be performed. Hardware and data are protected and operations are
reliably maintained.
Process Control Equipment
Industrial Systems
er
Healthcare
Healthcare
Mission Critical Servers
Providing exceptional cost-effective
Features and Benefits
protection for electrical equipment that
• High operating efficiency >95% is standard to minimize losses and
not
mission-critical.
Network
Labratory
Labratory
Internet Servers Internet Servers Internet Servers reduce cooling costs
Local NetworkisLocal
Labratory
Labratory
Typical Applications
Mission Critical Servers
Internet Servers
• PCs, servers, networking peripherals
• Small networks
• Transportation systems
onents
NetworkTelcom
Components
Industry Telcom
Equipment
Industry Equipment
PC
Network Components
Industry Telcom
Equipment
PC
• CCTV, EPOS, ATMs
• Petrol pumps
Servers
lcom Industry Equipment
PC
•Internet
Parking
meters
PC
• Both power protection and surge protection outlets ensure that critical loads
are closed down in a safe, controlled manner in the event of an extended mains
failure; surge protection outlets provide power conditioning to less critical loads.
Additional surge protection for data lines is provided
• Automatic shutdown software is provided free of charge with every UPS
• Automatic voltage regulation (AVR) corrects voltage drops and surges coming
from the mains without the UPS resorting to battery; battery life is maximized
and the user is still ensured consistent power to the load
Options
• Plug-In SNMP card option
Available as an option, supporting all major operating platforms. The UPS can be
monitored and managed across a network, with web enabled SNMP configuration for
full visibility of UPS operation from any location.
works
Mid Sized
Networks
Small
Networks Small Networks Small Networks
Voice
and Data Networks
Voice and Data
Networks
Mid Sized Networks
Voice and Data Networks
er
Voice
and Data Networks
ATMs
PCTelecommunication
Small Networks
ATMs Petrol Pumps
Petrol Pumps
Transportation
Parking Meters Parking Meters Parking Meters
Petrol Pumps
Standards & Certification
Safety: EN 62040 (EN 62050-1)
Process Control Equipment
EMC: EN 62040-2
Environmental: RoHS, WEEE
Small Networks
Petrol Pumps
Providers
Security OperationsParking Meters
ems
Parking Meters
Industrial Systems
Healthcare
r
Data Transmission
Mission Critical Servers
ork
Labratory
Internet Servers
Telcom Industry Equipment
PC
onents
42
Specifications
MODEL/CAT. NO. REF NO.
VCL400
25921
VCL600
25922
VCL800
25923
VCL1000
25924
VCL1500
25925
Rating VA/W
400/250
600/360
800/480
1000/600
1500/900
AC input voltage
170 - 280 Vac
Frequency
50/60 Hz (auto-sensing)
Battery type
12V, sealed lead acid, maintenance free
Numberxcapacity of battery
1x4.5 Ah
1x7 Ah
1x9 Ah
2x7 Ah
2x9 Ah
Runtime at typical load
(60%), minutes
Battery recharge time
5
6
6
8
6
Modem / phone / fax protection
RJ11
Communication port
USB
Ambient temperature
0°C - 40°C (32°F - 104°F)
Maximum relative humidity
95% (non-condensing)
Storage temperature
-15°C - 55°C (5°F - 131°F)
Net weight (kg)
4.0
4.6
5.6
8.4
10.3
Dimensions (WxDxH, mm)
112x222x220
Safety
EN 62040
EMC
EN 62949 -2
Compliance
RoHS, REACH, WEE
Number of outlets
6 pcs IEC - 320 C13 outlets
8 hours
112x330x220
7 pcs IEC-320 C13
43
UPS Key Features/Capabilities
Providing Reliable Power to Your Mission-Critical Business Needs
With a comprehensive energy management portfolio, GE is uniquely positioned to provide industrial, commercial and
datacenter infrastructure solutions. GE is a global solutions provider modernizing and optimizing how we generate, move and
consume energy. We invent, improve and integrate communications, automation and power delivery technologies to enable
cleaner, smarter and more efficient power for electrical infrastructures and consumers around the world.
Here are just a few of the innovative features and capabilities found across GE’s Critical Power product line.
Ultra-High Efficiency with eBoost™
Energy consumption is a critical issue for IT organizations as
their datacenter energy demands continue to grow. Their goal is
to reduce cost while ensuring power continuity. IT organizations
can reduce energy consumption costs without sacrificing system
reliability with GE’s eBoost technology.
Technology Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Up to 99% UPS efficiency
Compliant to ITI (CBEMA) curve during transient events
Continuous adaptive monitoring of instantaneous output voltage during eBoost operation
Proprietary (patented) digital algorithms ensures prompt disturbance detection, triggering transfer to inverter
Patented power electronics and magnetics ensures less than 2ms transfer time to inverter
Proprietary (patented) fault detection and selective reaction based on fault location
Patented power conditioning/filtering design via bypass inductor and output transformer/capacitor while in eBoost mode
Transformer-less UPS may be configured for actively conditioning voltage quality and reactive power during eBoost operation
Battery trickle charge in eBoost operating mode
Up to 3 MW UPS capacity using paralleled modules
What is eBoost?
e = high efficiency up to 99%
Boost = fast transfer to inverter < 2ms
Customer Benefits
•
•
•
•
80% reduction in UPS losses => System energy cost savings
Reduced heat (BTU) generation => Energy savings from reduced cooling
Overall efficiency improvement => Reduced CO2-equivalent emissions
Reduced stress on UPS components => Enhanced reliability
Adaptive detection: transfer initiated
in 200-500us depending on severity
eBoost Performance
Output voltage is continuously monitored during eBoost operation.
An adaptive digital algorithm ensures fast detection of power quality
events, promptly transferring to inverter operation:
transfer time <2ms.
44
CBEMA Curve
The ITI, formerly CBEMA, curve was developed by the Information Technology Industry Council of the
United States of America. The curve describes an AC input voltage envelope which typically can be tolerated
by most Information Technology (IT) Equipment.
The ITI (CBEMA) Curve describes both steady-state and transitory conditions. Below the most common Power Quality events
are mapped to the curve, with details of eBoost typical reaction.
High-frequency
impulse - external
surge protection
Line noise
Filter by output filter
+ bypass choke
Switching transient
attenuate by output
filter in parallel with load
Overvoltage > 15%
on battery (<2ms)
Complete outage
on battery (<2ms)
Power Sag
(15-100% drop)
on battery (<2ms)
RMS undervoltage
5-15% drop double
conversion
eBoost vs ITI (CBEMA) Curve
Example: 3ph Power Outage, input voltage (top) vs. output voltage (bottom) and ITI (CBEMA) plot (right), red dot AC input event, blue dot corresponding AC
output event
Example: 3ph Sag (-20%), input voltage (top) vs. output voltage (bottom) and ITI (CBEMA) plot (right), red dot AC input event, blue dot corresponding AC output event
45
eBoost and Harmonics
Non-linear loads may inject current harmonics into the power system. Such distorted current produces voltage distortion
given the voltage drop over the series impedance of the power source. Double-conversion UPS de-couple input and output AC
systems, thereby shielding the upstream power system from downstream non-linear loads. GE proprietary implementation
offers power conditioning and harmonic mitigation also during eBoost operation.
eBoost on SG Series UPS
In SG Series Transformer UPS the inverter output filter is energized during eBoost operation, and it can therefore provide some
degree of current conditioning. Particularly:
• The inverter filter capacitance may provide displacement power factor correction for inductive (lagging power factor) loads
• The inverter output transformer features a zigzag (interconnected star) secondary winding, acting as a current triplen harmonics
trap. Load neutral current resulting from non-linear and/or unbalanced load is trapped in the zigzag winding, yielding load
balancing and harmonic mitigation towards the upstream power system
• The effectiveness of the power conditioning offered by the inverter output filter is magnified by the bypass series choke. On
average, neutral current injected in the upstream power system is reduced to less than half the downstream load neutral current
46
eBoost on TLE Series UPS
Power conditioning is available also in eBoost operation of TLE Series Transformerless UPS. Here, double-conversion power
converters may be configured for actively conditioning voltage quality and reactive power during eBoost operation. Particularly:
• The inverter filter capacitance may provide displacement power factor correction for inductive (lagging power factor) loads. At the
same time, the power converters may be configured to compensate the output filter reactive power for capacitive (leading power
factor) loads
• The power converters may also be configured for mitigating line voltage distortion, thereby indirectly mitigating load current
distortion, using a proprietary conditioning technique (patent pending)
• Active conditioning does not penalize efficiency; additional losses typically around 0.1% of UPS rating
100%
eBoost
Efficiency
98%
eBoost + active conditioning
96%
Double-conversion
94%
92%
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
Load [percent of rated power]
Customer Benefits
• Power quality improvement by mitigating voltage and current distortion
• Displacement power factor correction and/or reactive power compensation
• Improvement of eBoost availability, thereby enhancing high-efficiency operation
47
Redundant Parallel Architecture™ (RPA) System Configuration
GE provides RPA, a unique technology that can parallel UPS modules with true redundancy by eliminating any single point
of failure. RPA provides a scalable paralleling technique that reduces operating footprint and increases system reliability by
eliminating the need for external paralleling equipment and cabinets (centralized bypass and master control).
One of the UPS modules in the system intelligently takes the leadership role, while the other UPS modules have access to all
control parameters. If one UPS fails to operate, the load is automatically redistributed among the others. If the lead UPS fails to
operate, then another UPS automatically takes on the leadership role. GE’s RPA technology is implemented by distributing the
control electronics within each UPS module in the system.
RPA System Advantages
• No Single Points of Failure—The RPA system provides complete redundancy of all critical components, allows paralleling of up to 6
units for increased load capacity or redundancy.
• Bypass Inductor Design—Ensures excellent output voltage regulation between paralleled modules and assists bypass line
conditioning (eBoost only). Bypass inductor design & RPA cable saver available only for eBoost unit 160-500 kVA.
• Scalable and Modular—The system can be easily expanded for higher capacity and redundancy without any interruption to the
critical load or transfer to bypass.
• Distributed Control Logic—Each module in an RPA system has its own operational controller. Each one continuously
communicates with all others in order to manage the entire system like a team.
• Redundant Communication—Redundant high speed bus and control electronics provide higher system reliability.
• Online Maintenance—N+1 configurations allow maintenance on any single module in the system while other modules provide online
protection with battery backup.
• Sequential Soft Start—Provides sequential soft start of each module to reduce instantaneous load on input feeders during mains
recovery. This helps avoid over-rating of generator and overheating of cable and fuses.
• RPA Cable Saver—UPS Module input and output cable length variation up to 10% between modules. With eBoost technology this
cable length flexibility is increased up to 25% between modules.
• Smaller Footprint—RPA eliminates centralized control and external static bypass cabinet.
Standard RPA Configuration
TM
True Redundancy with Distributed Control & Bypass
UPS 2
UPS 1
UPS 3
Utility
Critical Load
Redundant
Comm Bus
Configurable up to 6 units in parallel
Easy to install and maintain
• Future expansion
• Safe and reliable power supply
• Redundant Communication Bus
• Easy system upgrade/downgrade
• Maintenance operation without
load interruption
48
Intelligent Energy Management Integrated (IEMi)
GE’s Intelligent Energy Management integrated (IEMi) operating mode offers the capability to optimize and increase system
efficiency while maintaining the system reliability for UPS’s in a redundant parallel architecture (RPA™).
UPS system sizing accounts for normal load requirement, overload and capacity for future expansion. In addition, redundancy
level of N+1 or N+2 is considered to enhance system reliability.
Most UPS systems typically operate at low load levels <50%. At load level of less than 30-40%, efficiency of UPS decreases in
comparison to normal operating load range of 40%-75%. In redundant parallel architecture (RPA™) system of 4 UPS modules its
more efficient to have 2 UPS operating at 40% load range than 4 units operating at 20% load range.
For parallel UPS installations, IEMi operating mode saves energy by dynamically utilizing the UPS modules as needed to meet
the required output power without compromising power quality to the critical load.
Features
•
•
•
•
User programmable scheduling
Inverter test at regular intervals
Front graphic panel accessible setpoints
SNMP communications
Benefits
•
•
•
•
•
•
Reduction in UPS losses
System energy cost savings
Energy savings from reduced cooling
Double conversion operation - no compromise on power quality
Redundant operation - no compromise on system reliability
Cyclic operation ensures even UPS run-time
IEMi Configuration
Configuration of the IEMi is very easy: it can be done through the graphic display of one of the UPS units or via the SNMP/Web
adapter (web interface). The IEMi activation can be controlled on calendar (Weekday/Time).
IEMi Operation
• IEMi operation is controlled by the UPS Control Board making full use of the RPA peer-to-peer architecture
(no external hardware control required)
• Redundancy level in IEMi mode: N+1, N+2 (suitable for RPA installation of 3 or more UPS)
• Efficiency optimization
- UPS control board monitors load demand
- Ensures selected redundancy level
- Adaptive capacity control to provide maximum efficiency
• In case of a mains failure: all UPS ON
- Maximize battery autonomy
- Best fault-clearing capability
IEMi Savings
Use of IEMi can enhance the system efficiency by ~ 3% for 4x500 kVA UPS running at 10% load range, maintaining N+1
redundancy level. This can save up to $ 8,712* annually in energy cost savings from reduction of UPS losses and saving in
cooling cost.
* Assumptions:
•
•
•
•
4x500 kVA UPS
Redundancy level of N+1
Energy costs = $0.11/kw-hr
Cooling costs = 0.5xUPS heat loss cost
49
Connectivity Solutions for UPS
UPSMAN & RCCMD Data Protection Software
GE’s UPS come standard with two software packages:
UPSMAN and RCCMD
UPSMAN is a complete protection software providing a graphical interface for monitoring the UPS. It communicates with the
UPS via the standard RS232 interface or via an optional SNMP plug-in card. If the UPS is not able to supply the required power
the software enables the computer on which it is installed to shutdown gracefully in order to avoid data corruption. UPSMAN
can also act as a “master computer” which can send remote shutdown commands to multiple remote computers/servers in
case of a UPS failure. These remote computers/servers, centrally controlled by a computer running UPSMAN, need to run on
their turn the light software package named RCCMD.
UPSMAN - Description
•
•
•
•
•
Data Protection Software
Supports RS232 , USB & SNMP communication
Free software license
Written in native language
Supports most popular OS, including virtualization
RCCMD - Description
• Light background protection software
• Native solution for more than 35 OS
• React on shutdown commands
SNMP Web Adapter
As an alternative for the solution above, with a “master computer” controlling multiple remote computers in a network, the UPS
can be equipped with an SNMP card. This card sends the required remote shutdown commands directly to the remote network
computers, which again all run the software RCCMD.
SNMP Web Adapter features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
SNMP Adapter - makes all UPS information available on a computer network (Ethernet)
Complies to the standard UPS-MIB (RFC1628)
Common firmware and graphical interface for all Web Adapters
Easy firmware update via network (ftp)
Multiple rights for user accounts
Direct e-mail service configurable via web browser
Shutdown command up to 30 remote servers
Download UPS Parameters & events (4000 / 9000)
Built-in HTTP-server
Provides data of each UPS connected to RPA
New functionalities available with software updates NO HW changes required!
Modbus TCP
•
•
•
•
UPS values as signed integer or Floating 32bit
Easy configuration via Web Interface
License activation based on card MAC address
UPS alarms, measures and status monitoring for all UPS in RPA
Bacnet IP
•
•
•
•
Communication protocol for Building Management Systems
Defines a number of data link available, such as Ethernet IP
UPS metering, alarms and status messagess
Implemented Ethernet Physical layer
50
51
Monitoring & Predictive Analytics
GE’s Battery Monitoring System
If you’re operating mission critical systems relying on the protection of a UPS and battery bank, battery monitoring is essential.
It’s about peace of mind – knowing that the batteries are healthy and being constantly monitored. Knowing that everything has
been done that can be done, to protect your enterprise from the consequences of a power failure.
All batteries will fail, it is just a matter of time
It only takes the failure of one battery to compromise the entire battery string. It is often assumed that batteries are
meticulously maintained, but this is rarely so. Many batteries are not inspected or maintained beyond an annual UPS service
visit. Unknown and undetected battery failures become apparent right at the time when you need the batteries the most –
during a mains failure.
UPS systems provide only rudimentary battery monitoring. The UPS cannot identify faults within individual batteries, nor detect
an imbalance in the performance of multiple strings. To ensure the integrity of the battery system, it is necessary to detect
failing blocks before they affect the performance of the entire system. The effectiveness of a battery monitoring system is
proportional to the number of points that are monitored and the frequency that this occurs. With regular monitoring comes the
accumulation of data, the ability to report and spot trends, and the ability to take timely remedial action.
GE’s Critical Power business provides the most advanced and most cost-effective tool for monitoring and managing stand-by
battery banks. GE’s continuous data sampling, reporting and battery management capability delivers reduced costs, gives peace
of mind, and most importantly - ensures that you have batteries that perform when needed.
Critical Power – when and where it matters the most
GE is trusted throughout the world to help protect the power supply of data centres, banks, hospitals, telecommunications
operators, and a wide range of major commercial and industrial enterprises.
The GE Battery Monitoring System takes a modular approach to battery monitoring. This means that by selecting from a range
of options, the system can be tailored to meet your specific requirements. Maintenance free VRLA or wet cells, lead acid or
Nicad - Critical Power has a solution for your battery.
Understanding your batteries
Individual battery voltage
Incorrect charge voltages may result in loss of capacity, accelerated grid corrosion, excessive gassing and premature end of life.
Voltage also identifies catastrophic failures, such as short circuit cells, and gives true visibility of performance under discharge.
Ambient temperature
A battery’s life-span is normally specified at 20 or 25 degrees centigrade. Temperatures outside of the specified range can
significantly affect the battery’s corrosion rate, and therefore the life of the battery. An 8-10deg temperature increase can
decrease battery life by 50%.
String current
String current monitoring measures the energy delivered or accepted by each battery string. A UPS will only measure total
current and cannot detect imbalances between strings. An imbalance highlights potential problems within a battery string.
String current measurement also allows detection of incorrect battery charging and any significant earth leakage faults.
Total string voltage
Tracking the string voltage confirms the charger is on and performing correctly.
52
Individual battery impedance (ohmic value)
The impedance of a battery will increase with age. High impedance results in a battery that cannot supply the required current
– its key task. High impedance also highlights poor connections and open circuit batteries before failure. Batteries can fail in a
very short period of time (less that a week) so measuring impedance daily allows you to detect faulty batteries without the need
to discharge them. By trending impedance you can accurately determine the end-of-life of the battery.
Battery temperature
Measuring the temperature of each battery highlights localised environmental problems through poor HVAC.
It can also highlight poor connections and excessive charger ripple. Temperature is a critical parameter for NiCad batteries. Most
importantly, battery temperature measurements allow the early detection of thermal runaway.
The financial benefits
By definition, wherever there is a bank of batteries, there is a mission-critical environment being protected. It follows that if
the batteries are unable to perform when they are needed, the consequences and costs are going to be serious. Power failures
happen all too often and at a time like that the investment in the UPS, battery bank and battery monitoring system needs no
further financial justification.
However, even in day-to-day operation, GE battery monitoring provides a strong return. The following cost savings are worth considering:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Fewer batteries to purchase - through extending the service life of the ones installed.
Reduced manpower – through automation & reduced number of discharge tests.
Reduced call-out charges – through effective preventive maintenance.
Planned battery purchasing – through avoiding emergency replacements.
Reduced travel and time – through remotely accessing status data.
Successful warranty claims – through having documentary evidence.
Reduced insurance premiums.
Battery Monitoring features
• 24/7 alarm notification.
• Automatic capture and recording of data during float, charge &
discharge.
• Rapid voltage sampling - all batteries simultaneously every 4
seconds.
• Planned battery purchasing – through avoiding emergency
replacements.
• Built in intelligence for battery state recognition and
comparable impedance readings.
• Temperature compensation.
• User defined alarm limits.
• On-board memory.
• 750 VDC optical isolation.
• VRLA, VLA, Nicad.
• Flexible to suit battery model & application.
Data presentation is the key for
efficient management
A single battery monitoring system can monitor up to 1,280
batteries. Connecting multiple systems via GE IS Link battery
management software gives visibility to an unlimited number
of batteries from a single desk.
Critical Power offers:
•
•
•
•
WAN/LAN integration for remote monitoring via Link software.
RS 232 connection for local battery service & diagnosis.
SNMP or Modbus interface to Building Management Systems.
Dry contacts for alarm output.
Link battery management software
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Proactive management tool
Real time battery status
Alarm & activity log with on-screen pop-ups and email alerts
Live discharge display
Automated data management
Battery history database for life trending
Point & click report generation
53
iUPSGuard
Remote Monitoring Solution for UPS
GE’s iUPSGuard solution is an anytime, anywhere concept in UPS status monitoring and alarm notification supporting
all GE UPS product lines.
Securing Critical Power
GE’s iUPSGuard is a remote monitoring solution for UPS, providing status monitoring and alarm notification that supports all
GE UPS product lines, anytime, anywhere. iUPSGuard provides current and detailed information about UPS operation, including
its configuration, internal alarms and operating conditions over web. iUPSGuard notifies personnel of critical alarms and events
via email or SMS, allowing a user or GE technician to make timely decisions on critical conditions. In addition, comprehensive
data collection and analysis improves diagnostics capability and enhances response time. Continuous monitoring and ongoing
maintenance help ensure maximum performance of your UPS equipment as it protects business critical applications.
Key Features
Safe and Secure
• Highly secure and efficient data transmission
• SSL encrypted unidirectional communication
• Firewall friendly – no changes required to firewall settings or proxy servers providing easy deployment
and addressing compliance objectives
Flexible Communication Options
• Supports various communications including IP and GPRS
• Alarms notification through email and SMS
• Monitoring third party UPS products via SNMP (standard RFC1628)
24x7 UPS Status and Monitoring
•
•
•
•
Optimized data transmission helps ensure the latest and most up-to-date information is available
Alarms and other critical events are submitted automatically on occurrence of event, all other values on a regular basis
Data collection of status values, settings, as well as alarm and event logs
Easy to configure and connect.
UPS status summary on iUPSGuard
54
Key Benefits
Improved Response Time and High Availability
• 24x7 monitoring of UPS status and operating parameters
• Provides instant alerts in case of critical alarms and events available over web that
allows immediate fault analysis
as well as corrective actions
• Availability of detailed UPS status improves pre-dispatch diagnostic and first time fix
as the service team is arriving pre-informed
• iUPSGuard provides early warning of parameters, operating conditions and diagnostic
information that allows resolution of operating anomalies
Regular UPS Status Reports
• Detailed reporting system of iUPSGuard provides valuable information on equipment
operating conditions and trends over period of time
• Summary of events that have occurred and their frequency and duration for the entire
monitoring period
• Preparing maintenance recommendation based on data analysis
Flexible and Scalable
• iUPSGuard can communicate through various channels and monitors single UPS or
parallel UPS systems through web/SNMP card
OS and Android APP Available
• Your assets at a fingertip
• Check alarm, events, measurement on the go
• Intuitive, easy to use user interface
55
GE UPS Watch Distributed Architecture & Licensing Options
The GE UPS Monitoring Software helps to ensure the availability and performance levels from the UPS infrastructure. The
software helps to manage and supervise UPS networks through the SNMP communication. In addition, network configuration
management, layer 2 and 3 discovery, come together in one package that is quick to deploy and tailor to your environment.
Software Functionalities
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Local Network Monitoring System
UPS alarms & status changes detected on the spot
Real-time monitoring & record of UPS measures
60s data samples and polling cycles
Performance monitors & actions on thresholds
Monitoring GE and third-party UPS via SNMP
Email & SMS notifications
Alarm notification based on measures threshold
Scalable Application server and storage
Failover functionality for redundant architecture
Stop notifications from UPS under maintenance
SNMP MIB compiler facilitates import and management
Graphical interface available in local languages
Key Capabilities
Discovery
Automatically discover UPS and map their connectivity. Build an accurate picture of the network devices and their
interconnections, using layer 2 and 3 network technologies. Easily schedule network discoveries or run them on-demand.
Mapping
Automatically generate a complete layer 2/3 topology map of your UPS network with visibility into both physical and IP
connectivity. Easily customize your maps and drill down into UPS performance statistics.
Monitoring
Using a combination of both active, passive and performance monitoring technologies monitor the health, availability and
status of your UPS. Stay ahead of potential performance issues with early warning notifications.
Advantages
Unified Dashboard for End-to-End Monitoring
Quickly diagnose and resolve UPS performance issues with easy-to-customize, comprehensive dashboards that enhance
monitoring user experience.
UPS Monitoring - Distributed Edition
In Distributed edition, each Local UPS Monitoring server (also known as remote site) works independently of others: it monitors
the UPS of its own facility and send relevant notifications, etc.
In addition the local remote monitoring sends summary status and performance information to the Central server, allowing the
administrator to keep the entire network under control from the central site.
This is a highly efficient distributed architecture, since monitoring activities and load are carried out locally and independently at
each remote site, reducing central site overhead.
56
Distributed Architecture & Licensing Options
From the central server, aggregated status reports or Top/Threshold performance reports can be generated to poll data from the
remote local servers.
Remote sites status summary reports:
57
Transfer Switches
STS Series - Static Transfer Switches
230V / 3x400V 16-1600A 2/3/4-pole
Overview
Static Transfer Switches (STS) are designed to transfer the supply between two
independent AC power sources. Unlike traditional automatic transfer switches (ATS),
a static transfer switch provides a fast load transfer (typically 1/4 of a cycle), which
ensures uninterrupted operation of sensitive electronic equipment. Load retransfer
to the preferred input source is virtually instantaneous (typically 0.2 ms). The basic
applications of STS are in automatic systems in the power industry, power supply
systems for petrochemical industry, computer and telecommunication centres,
automatic and security systems of ‘intelligent’ buildings as well as other equipment
which is sensitive to interruptions in the supply. The excellent overload capability
and transfer algorithm enables fast fuse clearance in the event of a short-circuit. As
a consequence the voltage immediately returns to normal to supply the other loads.
The built-in transient voltage surge suppression system for SCR switches provides
additional protection against damage to the supplied equipment.
The static transfer switch consists of two bidirectional thyristor switches for
each phase equipped with a control and protection system. The 2 or 4-pole types
have an additional neutral line switch. After failure of the preferred source, the
STS checks the state of the alternate power source and transfers the load to
Function
Providing high-reliability power protection
whichever source provides power within selectable limits. This transfer can be
for IT servers/storage/network equipment
triggered by disturbance in the preferred source voltage, overcurrent in the source
and other digital electronics
or manual or remote change of the preferred source. With both sources in limits
and synchronised (phase error within the acceptable range), manual or remote
transfer is performed in less than 200 µs. Transfers initiated by fault conditions in
Typical Applications
the preferred source depend on the status of the alternate source. For synchronised
• Data centers
• Manufacturing and process control units power sources with phase error within the limits, transfer to an alternate source is
made within 5ms delay. Lack of synchronisation causes delay before transfer. It is
• Broadcast and satellite
transmission systems
possible to set the Transportation
delay with dipswitches.
Data Center
Telecommunication
• Emergency lighting systems
• Security systems
• Financial systems and services
Data Center
Transportation
Telecommunication
Telecommunication
Internet Service Providers
Transportation Transportation
Through their complete life cycle, all GE’s systems are fully supported by service
Transportation
teams which provide
world-class, 24x7 preventive and corrective services, training
and application expertise.
Telecommunication
Features and Benefits
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
• Selectable voltage limits for full flexibility to protect equipment against sags,
swells and interruptions
Data Center
Data Center
Telecommunication
Telecommunication
Transportation Transportation
Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
Process Control Equipment
• Three redundant power supplies providing maximum reliability
• Fail-safe high noise immunity CMOS logic for fast and reliable control of the STS
• Easy
to operate
Systems
Industrial
Systemsto install and Healthcare
Security Operations
Process Control Financial
Equipment
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
• Redundant cooling providing full functionality, even in case of a fan failure
• Surge protection to prevent damage to the STS and the supplied equipment
nternet Service Providers
Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
Process Control Equipment
Financial Systems
Industrial Systems
• Blocked transfer inHealthcare
case of short circuit preventing jeopardy to other users
Healthcare
Standards & Certification
• Manual bypass for no-break operation of the load during maintenance
IEC 62310-1:2005 (safety)
• Dry contacts to provide status and alarm information to
Data Transmission
Mission Critical Servers
Industrial Systems
Healthcare Call Center
Industrial Systems
Healthcare
IEC
62310-2:2006
(EMC)
other control systems
• Rackmounted models for easy integration into other systems
• User friendly control
panel for easy operation
Financial SystemsFinancial Systems
Industrial Systems
Industrial Systems
Healthcare
Healthcare
Call Center
Data Transmission
Mission Critical Servers
Mission Critical Servers
• Neutral wires are sized for 200% of nominal current to handle unbalanced loads
Data Transmission
Data Transmission
Network
Mission Critical Local
Servers
Mission Critical Servers
Labratory
Internet Servers
58
Specifications
NOMINAL CURRENT
RATING (A)
16
25
32
40
63
100
150
250
400
630
800
1000
1250
1600
Enclosures
2-pole, 19 inch rackmount
G
-
3-pole, floorstanding cabinet -
A
B
C
D
E
4-pole, floorstanding cabinet -
A
B
C
D
E
350kg
500kg
3-pole, 19 inch rackmount
F
4-pole, 19 inch rackmount
F
Weight (kg), only for 3 and
4-pole floor standing cabinet
Colour
150kg
170kg
220kg
240kg
280kg
620kg
680kg
RAL 9005
Input characteristics
Nominal input voltage
400V ph-ph / 230V ph-N
Input voltage window
-25% +25%
Nominal frequency
50Hz / 60Hz (on request)
Frequency window
-10 / +10%
Output characteristics
Efficiency
> 99% at cos phi > 0.8
Crest factor acceptance
3.5:1
Power factor (max. Cos phi)
0.5 - 1.0 (leading/lagging)
Overload behaviour
125%:1 hour / 400%:5 s / 800%:0,4 s / 1000%:0,2 s / 1500%:20 ms
Short circuit fuse current
withstand, kA
50
Transfer time
(manual triggering)
≤ 13 ms
75
Settings
Overvoltage level setting
+6/9/12/16/20/24% selectable by dipswitch
Undervoltage level setting
-6/9/12/16/20/24%
Phase delay limit
(for synchronised sources)
6/10/15 degrees, selectable by dipswitch
Transfer blocked after output No blocking, 3/4.5/6/7.5/9xnominal current, selectable by dipswitch
current exceeding limit
Transfer time
(sources not synchronised)
11/15/22/50ms, selectable by dipswitch
Delay for retransfer to
preferred source
Ambient conditions
0.8/1/5s selectable by dipswitch
Operating temperature
0 - 40 °C
Humidity
< 95%, non-condensing
Altitude
1000 m (above 1000 m 5% derating per 500 m; max. 3000 m)
Cooling
Redundant cooling fans
Audible noise
55-62dB(A)
EMC
IEC 62310-2
Protection
IP 20 (floorstanding), IP 00 (for rackmounted models)
Alarm / Status Contacts
Dry contacts
125Vdc or 250Vax/ 0.3Adc or 4Aac at 220V
Status information
Manual transfer on, retransfer off, primary/secondary source OK, primary/secondary source on
Disturbance alarms
Primary/secondary source not healthy, sources not synchronized
Failure alarms
overcurrent, overtemperature, TVSS failure, fuse failure, internal STS failure
Enclosures (WxDxH, mm): A: 680*660*1400 B: 860*860*1800 C: 660*1060*1800 D: 860*1860*1800 E: 860*2060*1800 F: 483*400*267
G: 483x400x133 *Optional Manual Bypass (483x215x133)
59
GTX Series - Automatic Transfer Switches
Emergency Standby ATS
Overview
GTX Series - Standard (Open transition) IEC Certified
The Zenith GTX Series of automatic transfer switches (ATS) are built for light
industrial and commercial critical applications requiring the dependability and
ease of operation found in a power contactor switch. The GTX transfer switches are
designed for standby applications, and incorporate a double-throw, mechanically
interlocked contactor mechanism.
The GTX transfer switches are equipped with an optional MX70 Microprocessor
Control Panel.
Function
Power contactor switch for emergency
standby applications.
Telecommunication
Transportation
Typical Applications
• Light industrial and commercial
critical
Security
Operations applications
Process Control Equipment
Industrial Systems
Healthcare
Standards & Certification
IEC60947-6-1: 2013 revision
GB14048.11-2008 revision
Data Transmission
Mission Critical Servers
Features and Benefits
• Undervoltage sensing (90% pickup/80% dropout) of the utility source
• Voltage and frequency sensing of the generator source
(90% voltage/95% frequency pickup)
• Time Delay Engine Start - 3 seconds (P)
• Time Delay Engine Warmup - Transfer to Generator - 3 seconds (W)
• Time Delay Utility Stabilization/Retransfer to Utility - 10 minutes (T)
• Time Delay Engine Cool Down - 5 minutes (U)
• Indicating LEDs for power availability, switch position and load energized
• Pushbuttons for test, engine start (manual), generator exerciser,
timer bypass and program cancel
• Wiring interconnection plug designed to prevent mis-operation errors
• Special status annunciation of in-phase transfer and timer operation
• Smart diagnosis program and in phase monitor
• Selectable 7, 14, 21 or 28 day (factory set 28 days) generator exerciser timer
• Diagnostic LED indications in logical one-line configuration. All time delays can be
adjusted using MX70 software.
The GTX Power Panel Includes:
• Double throw and mechanically held
• Arc quenching grids, enclosed arc chamber and wide contact air gap
• Fast contact transfer speed less than 100ms
Labratory
Internet Servers
The unit is available in open type (non-enclosure), NEMA 1 (IP20) or
NEMA 3R (IP24) enclosures. Additional options include:
• A3/A4 Auxiliary contacts (1 each) closed in Source 1 and Source 2 positions
Options
Telcom Industry Equipment
Voice and Data Networks
Petrol Pumps
PC
Small Networks
•
•
•
•
•
•
Ratings 40 to 400 amps
IEC 60947-6:2013 Certified, Class PC
2, 3, and 4-pole
Power contactor ATS
120-416Vac rated voltage
50/60 Hz rated frequency
Parking Meters
60
ZTG Series - General Purpose ATS
Overview
ZTG Series - Standard (Open) or Delayed Transition
The Zenith ZTG Series of transfer switches are built for general purpose commercial
and industrial applications requiring the dependability and ease of operation found in a
power contactor switch. The ZTG series uses the MX150 microprocessor control system,
which includes features specified on a general purpose commercial and industrial
applications. It also provides an intuitive user interface, communications capability and
self diagnostics. The ZTG Series is available in a full range of ampere, voltage and pole
configurations, along with many commonly requested options and features.
Features and Benefits
Function
Power contactor transfer switch for
applications
requiring
dependability and
Telecommunication
Transportation
ease of operation.
Typical Applications
• General purpose commercial and
industrial applications
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
Industrial Systems
Healthcare
Standards & Certification
Safety: EN 62040-1/A1 (EN 62050-1)
EMC: EN 62040-2
• Close differential under-voltage sensing of the normal source
• Voltage and frequency sensing of the emergency source
• Test switch (fast test/load/no load) to simulate normal source failure automatically bypassed should the emergency source fail
• Double throw, interlocked operation
• Electrically operated, mechanically held by a simple, over-center mechanism
• Segmented silver tungsten alloy contacts with separate arcing contacts on
600 amps and above
• Arc quenching grids, enclosed arc chambers and wide contact air gap for superior
source-to-source isolation on all units
• Control circuit disconnect plug and drive inhibit switch for safe maintenance
• Components accessible for inspection and maintenance without removal of the switch
or the power conductors
• Mechanical indicator and contact chamber cover designed for inspection, safety and
position designation
• Offering a Warranty Period of twenty-four (24) months or two years
from the date of shipment
Applicable Specifications
• Durable, long-life solenoid operated mechanism
• GE-engineered and manufactured contacts and arc quenching components
• OSHPD seismic qualifications
Configurations
Data Transmission
Mission Critical Servers
Labratory
Internet Servers
•
•
Options
•
•
•
•
Telcom Industry Equipment
Voice and Data Networks
PC
ZTG - Standard (Open) Transition
The Zenith ZTG transfer switch is used in general and mixed load applications.
ZTGD - Delayed Transition
The Zenith ZTGD transfer switch is used for the transfer of large motor or inductive loads.
Ratings 40 to 3000 amperes
120 - 600 Volts
50 or 60 Hz
2, 3 or 4-pole
• Double throw, mechanically interlocked
contactor mechanism
• Suitable for emergency and standby
applications
• Open type, NEMA 1, 3R, 4, 4X and
12 enclosures
Small Networks
61
ZTS Series - Business Critical and Industrial Applications
Overview
ZTS Series - Standard (Open), Delayed or Closed Transition
The Zenith ZTS Series of automatic transfer switches (ATS) are built for business and
industrial critical applications requiring the reliability and enhanced operation. The
ZTS Series uses the MX250 microprocessor control system, which includes features
specified for use in business and industrial critical applications. It also provides an
intuitive user interface, communications capability and self diagnostics.
The ZTS Series is available in a full range of ampere, voltage and pole configurations,
along with an extensive list of options and features.
Features and Benefits
Function
Power contactor based transfer switch
Telecommunication
Transportation
for applications requiring reliability and
enhanced operational features.
Typical Applications
• Business and Industrial critical
Security Operations
applications. Process Control Equipment
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Industrial Systems
Healthcare
Standards & Certification
UL 1008 listed at 480 VAC
UL1008 7th Edition Standard
CSA C22.2 No.178 certified at 600 VAC
Data Transmission
Critical Servers
Seismic
certified toMission
IEEE-693-2005
at
High Level with 2.5 amplification factor
Seismic certified to OSHPD using testing standard ICC-ES-AC-156
ISO 9001 certified manufacturing plan
Labratory
Internet Servers
Ul-3 cycle ( unconditional) short cirtcuit withstand & close ratings
OSHPD seismics qualifications
Telcom Industry Equipment
PC
Contact transfer speed less than 100 milliseconds
High close-in and withstand capability
Double throw, interlocked operation
Electrically operated, mechanically held by a simple, over-center mechanism
Segmented silver tungsten alloy contacts with separate arcing contacts on
600 amps and above
Arc quenching grids, enclosed arc chambers and wide contact air gap for superior
source-to-source isolation on all units
Control circuit disconnect plug and drive inhibit switch for safe maintenance
Components accessible for inspection and maintenance without removal of the switch
or the power conductors
Mechanical indicator and contact chamber cover designed for inspection,
safety and position designation
Configurations
• ZTS - Standard (Open) Transition
The Zenith ZTS transfer switch is used in general and mixed load applications.
• ZTSD - Delayed Transition
The Zenith ZTSD transfer switch is used to transfer of motor loads, and transformers.
• ZTSCT - Closed Transition
The Zenith ZTSCT transfer switch is used to transfer critical loads where a “no break”
transfer is desired with this switch 100msec parallel capability.
• ZBTS Series, Bypass
The ZBTS bypass transfer switch is available in all 3 transition types (standard,
delayed, and closed transition). The ZBTS provides all the features and benefits of the
ZTS series ATS with the added ability to disengaged and rack out the ATS all the while
maintaining power to your critical load via a built in manually operated bypass panel.
Applicable Specifications
• Temperature rise test per UL 1008
conducted after overload and endurance
tests in unventilated enclosure-exceeds
UL requirements
• UL 1008 listed at 480 VAC
• UL 3-cycle (unconditional) short circuit
withstand & close ratings
• OSHPD seismic qualifications
Options
Voice and Data Networks
Petrol Pumps
Small Networks
Parking Meters
•
•
•
•
Ratings 40 to 4000 amperes
120 - 600 Volts
2, 3 or 4-pole
Open type, NEMA 1, 3R, 4, 4X and
12 enclosures
• 120 to 600 VAC, 50 or 60 Hz
• Suitable for emergency and standby
applications on all classes of load, 100%
tungsten rated through 400 amps
• Available in ZTS (utility-generator),
ZTSU (utility-utility), ZTSG (generatorgenerator) and ZTSM (manual)
configurations
62
ZBTS - Bypass/Isolation
The Zenith ZBTS Series of Bypass/Isolation automatic transfer switches (ATS) are built for business and industrial critical
applications requiring the reliability and enhanced operation. The ZBTS Series uses the MX250 microprocessor control
system, which includes features specified for use in business and industrial critical applications. It also provides an intuitive
user interface, communications capability and self diagnostics.In business and industrial critical applications power cannot
be interrupted to perform maintenance of automatic transfer switches. In such circumstances, a bypass/isolation switch is
essential and is often required by code.
Zenith ZBTS Series Bypass-Isolation Transfer Switches are the solution when interruption of power during service or testing is
not acceptable. Consisting of two major modules - the Automatic Transfer (ATS) and the Bypass/Isolation Switch. The ZBTS Series
incorporates the rugged construction of all our ZTS Series automatic switches with a quick make/quick break bypass switch
manual load transfer handle and our control/interlock system, which consists of both mechanical and electrical interlocks.
The bypass uses normal failure sensing and a time delay to start the engine automatically if a failure occurs when the ATS has
been removed for service - which can be done without disturbing the load.
Features and Benefits
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Load is not interrupted during bypass & isolation operation
High close-in and withstand capacity
Automatic transfer switch is located on a draw-out mechanism to facilitate maintenance
Emergency power systems can be electrically tested without disturbing the load
Power cables do not have to be disconnected to remove automatic transfer switch
Bypass to any available source with ATSremoved
Engine start circuit maintained during bypass operation; normal power failure causes engine start
contact closure even with the ATS removed
Diagnostic lights and detailed instructions for simple step-by-step operation
Mechanical and electrical interlocks ensure proper sequence of operation
Bypass switch contacts are closed only during the bypass-isolation operation
Silverplated copper bus interconnection of the transfer and bypass switches on all sizes
Configurations
• ZBTS - Bypass/Isolation
The Zenith ZBTS Bypass/Isolation transfer switch is used in general and mixed load applications.
• ZBTSD - Delayed Transition Bypass/Isolation
The Zenith ZBTSD Bypass/Isolation transfer switch is used to transfer of large motor loads, transformers, uninterruptible power
supplies (UPS) systems or load shedding to a neutral “center” position.
• ZBTSCT - Closed Transition Bypass/Isolation
The Zenith ZBTSCT Bypass/Isolation transfer switch is used to transfer critical loads where a “no break” transfer is desired with this
switch 100msec parallel capability.
Standard & Certification
Options for ZTBS
UL 1008 listed up to 480 VAC
•
•
•
•
•
•
CSA C22.2 No. 178 certified up to 600 VAC
Certified to IEC 60947-6-1 up to 480 VAC
Seismic certified to IEEE-693-2005 at HIGH level
with 2.5 amplification factor
Seismic certified to IBC-2009 at Ip=1.5 for z/h less than
orequal to 1
Seismic certified to OSHPD per testing standard ICC-ES AC-156
ISO 9001 certified manufacturing plant
Ratings 100 to 4000 amperes
2, 3 or 4-pole
Open type, NEMA 1, 3R, 4, 4X and 12 enclosures
120 to 600 VAC, 50 or 60 Hz
Bypass and automatic transfer switch have identical ratings
Suitable for emergency and standby applications on all classes
of load, 100% tungsten rated through 400 amps
• Available in ZBTS (utility-generator), ZBTSU (utility-utility), ZBTSG
(generator-generator) and ZBTSM (manual) configurations
63
ZTE Series - Mission, Process, Healthcare Critical
Overview
ZTE Series - Standard (Open), Delayed or Closed transition
The ZTE Series automatic transfer switch (ATS) is ideal for use in today’s 7x24 service
centers, data warehouses and critical healthcare facilities. These mission critical sites
demand more than just continuity of power, and the ZTE meets these challenges.
Poor power quality damages equipment and increases maintenance costs. Inherent
power problems stay hidden when testing is ineffective or incomplete. Going beyond
source switching and addressing the issues of complete power quality requires
a whole new level of ATS capability. The ZTE Series ATS is ideal for use in this
environment.
nter
Telecommunication
Transportation
Features and Benefits
Function
•
•
•
•
•
•
Power contactor based transfer
switch for users that require advanced
metering,
communication,
Telecommunication
Transportation
e Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
and data analytics.
Typical Applications
• Data centers, healthcare facilities, and
other mission critical systems.
ystems
Security Operations
Industrial Systems
Process Control Equipment
Robust Switching Mechanisms
Ratings 40 to 4000 amperes
2, 3 or 4-pole
Open type, NEMA 1, 3R, 4, 4X and 12 enclosures
120 to 600 VAC, 50 or 60 Hz
Suitable for emergency and standby applications on all classes of load, 100% tungsten
rated through 400 amps
• UL 3-cycle (unconditional) short circuit withstand & close ratings
• OSHPD seismic qualifications
Healthcare
Configurations
• ZTE Series, Standard (Open) Transition
The GE Zenith ZTE standard (open) transition transfer switches go beyond just
source switching. Integral metering and communications, high-level diagnostics and
superlative flexibility make the ZTE a perfect solution for today?s mission critical
Transportation
nter Industrial SystemsData Center
Data Transmission HealthcareTelecommunication
Mission Critical Servers
source switching.
Standards & Certification
• ZTED Series, Delayed Transition
UL 1008 listed at 480 VAC
The ZTED - Delayed Transition transfer switch offers the same features as the ZTE with
the addition of an adjustable time delay in the centered “off” position. This delay allows
UL1008 7th Edition Standard
motor loads to coast down and transformer field to decay; ensuring inductive loads are
CSA C22.2 No.178 certified at 600 VAC
re-energized after transfer with only normal inrush starting currents.
Internet Service Providers
Security Operations
Process Control Equipment
tworkData Transmission
LabratoryMission Critical Servers
Internet Servers
• ZTECT Series, Closed Transition
Seismic certified to IEEE-693-2005 at
The ZTEC - Closed Transition transfer switch offers the same features as the ZTE with
High Level with 2.5 amplification factor
the addition of a high-speed drive system, which ensures the overlap of the normal
Seismic certified to OSHPD using
and alternate sources is less than 100 milliseconds. When one source is not within
testing standard ICC-ES-AC-156
normal limits, such as during a power outage, the ZTECT automatically operates in
delayed transition mode.
ISO 9001 certified manufacturing plan
Systems
Industrial Systems PC
Healthcare
mponentsLabratory FinancialTelcom
Industry Equipment
Internet Servers
• ZBTE Series, Bypass
Ul-3 cycle ( unconditional) short
The ZBTE bypass transfer switch is available in all 3 transition types (standard,
cirtcuit withstand & close ratings
delayed, and closed transition). The ZBTE provides all the features and benefits of the
ZTE series ATS with the added ability to disengaged and rack out the ATS all the while
OSHPD seismics qualifications
maintaining power to your critical load via a built in manually operated bypass panel.
Call Center
etworksIndustry Equipment
Voice and Data Networks PC
Telcom
Local NetworkPetrol Pumps
sVoice and Data Networks
Small Networks
Data Transmission
Small Networks
Labratory Parking Meters
Advanced User Interface & Controls
Mission Critical Servers
• Color graphical display with built-in Help menus
• System status LEDs and menu-driven soft keys
• Dedicated control and navigational pushbuttons
• Front accessible USB programming port
• Password protected control switches
Internet Servers
64
Built-in Power Quality Metering
• 3-phase current, including neutral, voltage, power, energy, frequency and harmonics (THD)
• 20 Channel Data Logger with sampling rates user-configurable from 1 cycle to 60 minutes
Enhanced Connectivity
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Built-in RS-485 serial and RJ-45 Ethernet
Open protocols - Modbus RTU and TCP/IP
User-configurable data map
Download of event, waveform, and data log to PC
Customized control logic using GE FlexLogic
Local/remote configuration via EnerVista MX350 Setup software
Plug-and-play PC monitoring and control using EnerVista Viewpoint Monitoring software
Diagnostics & Event Recording
• Power source anomaly events recorder
• Detailed transfer event reporting
• Local storage of 256 time-stamped events with 1 ms resolution
• User-configurable alarms
Flexible Feature Assignment
• Field modification of control features
• User-configurable load control contacts
• Reduced commissioning delays from incorrect configuration
Reliability
• Durable solenoid ATS operated mechanisms and robust electronics, tested for severe EMC and environmental conditions
Advanced Troubleshooting
• High-speed event log and data logging
Diagnostics
• Advanced system troubleshooting and event reporting
Low Cost Installation & Quick Commissioning
• Built-in networking for reduced hardwiring, centrally located customer connections; simple field modification of features
without need for factory service
Flexible & Expandable for Changing Site Needs
• Modular, expandable I/O and field-upgradeable features for maximum flexibility
Power Quality Metering
• True PQ metering, including waveform, harmonics and high-speed event capture
Simple & Low-Cost Facility Integration & Monitoring
• Built-in networking, customizable User Data Map, and plug-and-play monitoring using EnerVista Viewpoint Monitoring software
65
66
67
GE UPS Solutions
Complementary Matching Switchgear
For GE TLE CE UPS, 30-800kVA
Why use GE-Provided Complementary UPS Switchgear Solutions?
•
•
•
•
•
•
Designed to meet the size form factor and color of the GE TLE UPS Module
Designed with proper control circuits to operate properly with the GE TLE UPS Module
2-Year Warranty of TLE UPS Module is extended to the matching Switchgear
Customer desires an integrated UPS System Solution from GE, not just a UPS Module
Provides Flexible UPS Output Distribution, using GE Industrial Solution components
Qualified by GE as suitable for use with GE UPS Systems
Parallel UPS Output RPA Switchgear
•
•
•
•
•
•
UPS Module Output Isolation CBs
UPS System Output Isolation & Bypass CBs
SKRU Electric Interlocks
Various KAIC Breaker Fault ratings
Side Cable Access for cabling to UPS Module
Matching Height, Depth, Color
Lead Time: 4-6 weeks ARO + transit time from Europe-based swgr plant
UPS Maintenance Bypass Switchgear
•
•
•
•
•
•
3-CB Type (UPS Input Iso, Output Iso, Bypass CBs)
2-CB Type (Same without UPS Input Iso CB)
Mechanical or SKRU Electric Interlocks
Various KAIC Breaker Fault ratings
Side Cable Access for cabling to UPS Module
Matching Height, Depth, Color
Lead Time: 2-4 weeks ARO + transit time from Europe-based swgr plants
UPS Output Distribution Switchgear
•
•
•
•
•
•
Output Distribution 3ph 4w Panelboard, or
Output Distribution Subfeed 3-pole CBs
Front Facing or Side Facing
Various KAIC Breaker Fault ratings
Side Cable Access for cabling to UPS Module
Matching Height, Depth, Color
Lead Time: 2-4 weeks ARO + transit time from Europe-based swgr plants
68
UPS Maintenance
Bypass Panel
69
DC Energy Storage Flywheel
Green Short-Term Backup Power for GE TLE/SG UPS
Why use a GE Flywheel UPS Solution?
•
•
•
•
•
98% of power quality disturbances are less than 10 seconds.
Modern Backup Generators are complete the power restoration cutover from a lost utility source in less than 10 seconds.
IT Datacenter Trends making flywheels more attractive:
– IT Server Virtualization and software redundancy, allowing UPS Systems to have much shorter backup times
– Datacenter ambient room temperatures on the rise due to server equipment hardening, thus making temperature-sensitive VRLA
UPS batteries less practical
– Proliferation of new GREEN Datacenters, desiring green solutions which do not include toxic VRLA batteries
Non-IT Critical Processes that find UPS backup times of less than 1 minute acceptable
– Medical imaging market
– Broadcast transmitter market
– Industrial process market
– Transportation market (Rail, etc)
– Casino gaming market
Lead Acid Batteries do not perform correctly with a UPS System when designed backup support times are less than 3 minutes.
FLYWHEEL
Flywheel Availability:
VRLA BATTERY
Maintenance
Annual
Quarterly
HVAC Costs
None
Med-High
Reliability
50,000 hrs+ MTBF
2,200 hrs+ MTBF
Life Expectance
20 years
4-5 years
Installation Cost
Low
Med-High
Hazardous Material
None
Lead & Acid
Toxic Emissions
None
Hydrogen
Diagnostics/Monitoring
Accurate
Speculative
Disposal Requirements
None
Required
• With SG UPS
• With TLE UPS
Leadtime:
• 5-6 weeks ARO + transit time
from California USA
Consult GE Application Engineering
for Pricing, Quotations, Drawings
Rotor
Configuration
Integral with hub
Vertical for optimum efficiency
Magnetic Bearing
Fully active 5-axis
Stator
Dual Mode
Motor/Generator
Hub
Housing
Aerospace high
performance steel
Vacuum environment
70
Dual Mode
Motor/Generator
UPS Output Power Rating (kVA)
Hub
Aerospace high
performance steel
sing
um environment
UPS System of Choice
Genset
AC
Static By-Pass
Rectifier
AC/DC
Automatic Transfer
Switch
Inverter
DC/AC
Utility
AC
Critical AC
Output
DC Bus
DC
AC
TLE UPS Applications
VDC
Enhanced Flywheel
GE UPS
MODELS
CE TLE 60
CE TLE 80
CE TLE 100
CE TLE 120
CE TLE 160
CE TLE 200
CE TLE 320
CE TLE 400
CE TLE 600
CE TLE 800
kW
60
80
100
120
160
200
320
400
600
800
23
# of units
1
94
2
72
57
45
32
140
111
92
71
56
31
22
103
83
51
40
22
13
69
55
33
22
69
45
30
55
39
3
4
5
6
Standard Flywheel
GE UPS
MODELS
CE TLE 60
CE TLE 80
CE TLE 100
CE TLE 120
CE TLE 160
CE TLE 200
CE TLE 320
CE TLE 400
CE TLE 600
CE TLE 800
kW
60
80
100
120
160
200
320
400
600
800
17
# of units
1
59
2
44
35
29
23
87
70
58
46
36
22
16
69
55
33
26
16
10
45
35
23
16
45
29
21
35
26
3
4
5
6
Run times are rounded off to the nearest second and are based on UPS with 540Vdc float voltage and 96% inverter efficiency
SG UPS Applications
Enhanced Flywheel
GE UPS
MODELS
CE SG 60
CE SG 80
CE SG 100
CE SG 120
CE SG 160
CE SG 200
CE SG 250
CE SG 300
CE SG 400
CE SG 500
kW
54
72
90
108
128
180
225
270
360
450
103
79
63
51
35
25
17
155
123
101
77
62
48
38
24
17
114
91
74
62
44
32
96
80
61
47
76
61
# of units
1
2
3
4
5
Standard Flywheel
GE UPS
MODELS
CE SG 60
CE SG 80
CE SG 100
CE SG 120
CE SG 160
CE SG 200
CE SG 250
CE SG 300
CE SG 400
CE SG 500
kW
54
72
90
108
128
180
225
270
360
450
65
48
37
32
23
18
14
97
77
64
48
38
30
24
18
13
72
57
45
37
27
21
60
50
37
29
47
37
# of units
1
2
3
4
5
Run times are rounded off to the nearest second and are based on UPS with 540Vdc float voltage and 96% inverter efficiency
71
PowerMOD Modular Container
For Fast Deployment of Efficient, Mission-Critical Power, 200 - 1200 kW
Picture this: you’re responsible for flawless operation of urgent or temporary mission-critical processes. You are confronted
with an unreliable utility grid, incapable of supplying the clean power your equipment needs. And due to severe time constraints
building a new UPS room is not an option, or there is no space at all to build one...
You need a proper solution for these urgent issues, and most of all: you need it FAST. What to do?
The solution
The GE PowerMOD™ Containerized Power Solution is just what you need: an innovative, high-density, turnkey and energyefficient mission-critical power system. It delivers continuous and moderated power efficiently and reliably, regardless the
quality or availability of grid or generator power. The system is modular, pretested, and ready to use.
What is it?
The PowerMOD integrated module is an all-in-one power quality protection system, housed in a single container.
The system consists of:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) and related batteries
Power Distribution Units or Busway as needed
Input/Output switchgear, ATS, transformers as needed
Auxiliary supply system and lighting
Safety system: smoke and hydrogen detection unit, fire suppression system
Cooling system: totally redundant, internal and external units
What does it do?
The heart of the system, a TLE Series™ UPS, uses the unreliable and often low-quality power supplied by the grid or generator as
“raw material”, to create a completely new, constant, moderated output with a fully regulated voltage and frequency.
When the grid or emergency generator is not able to supply the demanded power, the UPS seamlessly switches to an
alternative source: energy stored in the battery bank. When the grid or generator output returns, the UPS continues to deliver
its reliable high quality output, and simultaneously starts recharging the battery bank. Hardware and data are protected and
operations are reliably maintained.
72
For fast deployment of highly-efficient, mission-critical power needs ideally suited for:
• Data centers, new and expansion
• Industrial plants
• Healthcare - digital imaging
•Airports
• Disaster recovery
• Traffic systems
• Communication nodes
• Temporary capacity during data center renovations, UPS upgrades, large events
What does it look like?
Depending on the rating, the all-in-one PowerMOD system is housed in a single 10/20/40ft ISO High Cube container.
Please refer to the specifications for details.
Benefits
Deploying the GE PowerMOD brings a number of benefits compared to the traditional on-site “brick & mortar” solution:
• Flexible expansion—In case of increasing power demands, the power protection system can be easily expanded, either with separate
compartments or with a cluster of containerized units
• Outsourced design—A single supplier for the complete integrated module simplifies project management
• Mobility—The plug-and-play modules are well suited for military and disaster recovery applications
• FAST FORWARD: Time & cost savings—In the modular construction process equipment is pre-installed off-site in factory, speeding
up the time to value. The complete, fully integrated and pre-tested module can be provided in as little as 15 weeks, saving up to 30%
compared to newly build
Specifications
POWERMOD SYSTEM
CS200-10
CS200-20
CS400-20
CS800-40
CS1200-40
Rating (kW)
200
200
400
800
1200
Battery runtime at 100% load
and 0.8 pf
5 minutes
Battery type
VRLA on racks or in cabinets
UPS data
TLE High Efficiency Transformerless, up to 99% off
Input voltage and frequency
340 – 460VAC, 3-phase, 45 – 66 Hz
UPS output power factor
1.0
UPS output rating (kW)
200
200
400
800
1200
UPS output voltage
3x380/400/415VAC + N
Container Data
Container
ISO 10’ High Cube
ISO 20’ High Cube
ISO 20’ High Cube
ISO 40’ High Cube
ISO 40’ High Cube
Dimensions (WxDxH, mm)
3050x2440x2890
6060x2440x2890
6060x2440x2890
12190x2440x2890
12190x2440x2890
Total container weight, kg
4800
6050
8440
14310
19250
Max floor load, kg/m2
2038
Max speed wind exposure
150
Protection degree
160 km/h
Standards
IP54
Other
EN1026 and EN12207 Class 4; EN12210 Class C4; EN12208 and EN1027 Class 5
73
Factory Services
Project Management
Our project management solutions allow you to focus on business while we make sure your projects are delivered on-time
and within budget. With our industry leading project management competencies and tenured experience, we deliver solutions
through the complete technology lifecycle.
Factory Acceptance Testing
Factory Testing can include, but is not limited to:
• Functional test on parallel RPA system including transfers to bypass, utility failure, EPO, etc.
• Full functional test on parallel RPA system including master fail and communications failure simulations
• Steady state measurements from 0-100% load of voltage, current, output voltage regulation, input/output power factor, output
voltage THD, input current THD, frequency
• Overload of full system up to 150%
• 100% utility failure with waveform capture
• 0-100% step loads with waveform captures
• Output short circuit with waveform capture
• Removal of module from the system with waveform capture
• Inverter or power supply failure simulations
• Full functional test of RPA output switchgear including transfers in and out of main bypass mode
• eBoost functionality tests
74
75
GE UPS Services
Your electrical infrastructure‘s availability, stability, and adaptability are crucial to your business success. Rely on the support
professionals who know your systems best! GE’s UPS Services offerings range far beyond standard product support: from
on-site services for risk-reducing installation and startup, to availability services to help you proactively reduce downtime and
meet your service-level commitments.
From installation to product retirement, warranty upgrades to remote monitoring, proactive care to 24/7 problem resolution,
you can rely on GE’s field service organization for all your electrical infrastructure support needs.
Our Service Portfolio
GE services are designed to provide life long operation of all our UPS systems. We have a range of service offerings to meet your
requirements. We are at home in all areas of industry and business life, specialized in solutions and services for your electrical
infrastructure.
On-Site & Emergency Services
Contractual Services
• 24/7 Emergency hotline
•Installation
• Commissioning, start-up
• Repair, upgrade, retrofit
• Assessment, inspection, testing
• Online assistance
• Battery measurement / monitoring
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Parts and Repairs
Training
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Spare parts supply
Repair services
Product replacement / return
Equipment rentals
Battery replacement
Maintenance service contracts
Remote Monitoring & Diagnostics
Preventive, planned maintenance
Resident technical services
Upgrade management
Project & site management
Consultancy and audits
Training for operators
Training for maintenance staff
Product training
Trainer-to-student as well as web based training
Maintenance Programs
The reliability and efficiency of your electrical infrastructure ultimately depends upon the maintenance programs you choose.
The best power protection system in the world is only as good as its service and support systems.
A maintenance agreement is an opportunity for you to increase productivity and availability while lowering your owning and
operating costs. Preventive maintenance helps you find equipment problems before they cause failure, leaving you with fewer
repairs and less unscheduled downtime.
high
After warranty period
PREMIUM Service
Service level
medium
• BASIC Service—Annual maintenance,
technical support 24/7 and defined
intervention time
• VALUE Service—BASIC features plus
free intervention in case of emergency
• PREMIUM Service—VALUE service
features plus all material needed
for repair
Warranty period
VALUE Service
Warranty Service
BASIC Service
Warranty
Warranty extension
low
We have tailored our service contracts
to meet your individual demand by
offering three different contract types:
End of warranty
Operation time
76
Contract Features
Depending on your requirements, you can choose from following services:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
24/7 technical support by our local Service Centre
Guaranteed presence on site within the agreed time (Next Working Day, 12, 6 or 4 hours)
Annual maintenance visit to analyze the UPS and operational conditions
Spare parts included for emergency repairs
Guaranteed 24/7 availability in our stock for most common parts for your UPS
Preferential pricing for parts and hourly rates
iUPSGuard Remote Monitoring & Diagnostics (RM&D) (optional, included in PREMIUM)
Service Contracts
WARRANTY
WARRANTY SERVICE
BASIC SERVICE
VALUE SERVICE
PREMIUM SERVICE
Work/Labour
X
√
√
√
√
Travel
X
√
√
√
√
Software Upgrades
X
√
√
√
√
Work / labour
√
√
X
√
√
Travel
√
√
X
√
√
Replacement parts*
√
√
X
X
√
Response time
X
√
√
√
√
Hot-line 24/7
X
√
√
√
√
Maintenance report
X
√
√
√
√
iUPSGuard remote monitoring
O
O
O
O
√
Maintenance visit
Emergency repairs
Technical support
√: included
X: not included
O: optional
* excludes batteries
77
Target Vertical Markets
Data Centers
Reliability, availability, electrical performance and cost are key features in the UPS market and in particular for Data Centers.
GE’s technology offers same/better performance and reliability for less total operational cost. The latter includes the cost of the
equipment, the maintenance as well as the energy consumption. Therefore, energy efficiency is a fundamental aspect together
with reliability and preventative maintenance.
Power transformers
WaveCast
UPS
MV switchgear
SecoGearTM & SecoVacTM
LV switchgear
SEN Plus
Selective MCCBs
Record Plus®
Automation & Supervision
Every % of improvement in the operating efficiency generates an annual energy saving of 13’000$ for every MW of installed
UPS power (@0.15$/kWh). Additional savings comes from the reduced cooling requirements. This is why GE tackles efficiency
improvements in many different ways during the system design, from the component selection through the converter
topologies and operating modes to the critical power architectures.
Improving reliability and availability in data center facilities is the problem that every data center operator must tackle.
Every data center architect needs to carefully analyse many aspects, e.g. complexity management, number of UPS modules,
UPS utilization rate, generators, paralleling switchgears, scalability, concurrent maintainability, single point of failures, fault
tolerance, reliability, availability, installation cost, energy cost, maintenance cost. All these aspects can be mapped into
performance, availability and CapEx/OpEx.
GE can design and deliver Data Center critical power systems in all the well known architectures, e.g. Parallel Redundant, Block
Redundant, Shared Redundant and System plus System.
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Parallel Redudant - N+1 System
Block Redundant - Catcher System
Shared Redundant - 4N/3 System
System + System - S+S
In addition, GE can provide its unique Ring Bus solution, an advanced power quality architecture to optimize performance,
reliability and cost.
The GE Ring Bus architecture is a self-healing
structure that offers
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
IP Ring Bus
Ultimate fault tolerance
No single points of failure
Lower number of UPS modules
Higher UPS utilization rate and less stranded system capacity
Simple and safe scalability
Optimal utilization of breaker current capabilities
Concurrent maintenance for critical path equipment
No communication among UPS
No limitations on the number of UPS and their distance
Total system load shared across all UPS modules
No need for synchronized inputs
No needs for paralleling switchgears
Potential fault current limitation
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GE Additive
Additive manufacturing technology is becoming more and more competitive if compared with traditional manufacturing
technologies. 3D printers need to be protected from utility disturbances that may affect the quality of finished goods or even
cause scrap of partially printed parts if the printing cycle operation is interrupted. Therefore, it is fundamental to address power
quality requirements in additive manufacturing plants. GE has conducted systematic and comprehensive tests of several
3D printers and selected the optimal GE Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) products to be used in additive manufacturing
applications to guarantee excellent power quality and reliability under all operating conditions.
80
81
Rail
Portuguese Railway
Challenge
• The railway company used their own power source, through the catenary, for the trains and,
simultaneously, for the signaling system;
• However, this method creates many variations, caused by several trains at the same time,
the type of train and the fact they are braking or accelerating;
• These issues most of the time resulted in the failure of the signaling, this way preventing the trains to circulate
Application for Single-Phase Systems
• Cabinet Mount for indoor or outdoor UPS
• GE UPS LP11
• Isolation transformers
• High capacity battery string, and additional Battery Charger
• ATS System
• Electronic Stabilizer
• Frames power systems (Stabilizer; ATS, UPS Auxiliary Charger)
• Switchboard (power loads)
•Infrastructure
Application in Three-Phase Systems
• GE UPS SitePro 10, 20 & 30 kVA
• Isolation transformers
• Battery Strings with large capacity
• Rack with rectifiers
• Frames power systems (UPS and Rectifiers)
• Switchboard (power loads)
•Infrastructure
North Corridor Mozambique Railway
Challenge
•
•
•
•
•
•
One of the biggest projects running in Africa on the mining field (Coal)
A Railway line of 900 Km
Goes from Tete until the Nacala Harbor, crossing Malawi
The goal is to run, by day, 24 trains (today only one)
For that, a new fully equipped infrasctruture is on the way;
LCPower will provide, to all the 67 sites along the line, the Power equipment and Energy infrastruture
On-site
•
•
•
•
•
•
GE UPS SG 10, 15, 20 or 40 kVA
Battery String with 4 hours autonomy
GenSet 10, 22 or 33 kVA, for continuous service
System automatic fuel supply from an external reservoir of 2000 liters
Infrastructure mechanics associated with the GenSet
Electrical Inverter Network / Group Board for normal and emergency distribution
82
83
Healthcare
Consistent Imaging Quality
• Performance and uptime of imaging equipment
• Reduce the need to reschedule patients due to equipment downtime
• Prevent the loss of scan and imaging data
UPS Protected
Superior Battery Management
Every GE UPS incorporates a standard feature called Superior Battery Management (SBM) that can be configured to
periodically test the battery system and calculate true battery runtime using measured values for temperature and load.
• Quick Battery Test
• Deep Battery Calibration
• Accurate Runtime Prediction
• Automatic boost / float charger
• Temperature compensated
battery charging
• Load dependent end of
discharge voltage
• No load shutdown
Strong Overload Capability
Great overload capability, ensuring power protection safety for applications requiring start-up overcurrent and for
temporary peak load.
Supplied by Utility
Solid Supply Independently from Load Stressing
Picure shows that when the medical modality begins to
work (red sinusoid starts) the waveform is always very
clean and sharp both at the input of the UPS (green) or at
the input of the modality (red).
C2
Sudden Load Current
UPS
UPS
Battery
Cabinet
Clean
Supply
Medical
Equipment
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85
Maritime
Power quality solutions for a technology-dependent maritime world
The maritime industry is growing. The fast technical development has increased the usage of electronic equipment onboard.
The ship building industry offers a variety of different products: oil/gas tankers, cruise ships and yachts, ferries and fishing fleets,
offshore and maritime defense equipment.
Expensive maritime equipment must be used efficiently. Even a short system crash can lead to substantial costs and cause
lengthy organizational problems. Additional consequences include loss of engine control or communication and navigation
systems potentially leading to severely dangerous situations.
Most technical outages in the maritime environment are caused by insufficient quality in the power supply mainly because of
old generators. As well as the directly visible impacts above, a poor utility power supply causes premature aging of electronic
devices leading to higher maintenance costs.
Now more than ever before, safe and managed electric power is needed for a wide range of maritime applications, including…
• Ship operation equipment
• Navigation equipment
•Telecommunication
• Safety facilities
• Cargo handling systems
• Computer networks
• Entertainment facilities
• Electronic point of sale equipment
• Security systems
• Emergency systems
• Specialized machinery
For all possible situations arising on board of a modern vessel, the uninterrupted availability of high quality electricity has
become vital for a safe and profitable journey.
Today GE is the only manufacturer in the market supplying a full range DNV certified UPS product line: the VH Series UPS.
Full Range DNV Certified:
700-3000 VA
As one of only a few suppliers worldwide GE has a type approval certificate from
the Det Norske Veritas (DNV) certification body for one of its UPS models. The
certified VH Series was not specifically redesigned for the maritime environment;
the full range of standard UPSs passed the severe tests equipped with a maritime
mounting kit! On top of that GE’s VH Series 2kVA 208/220/230/240V model is IACS,
CE and UL approved.
The certification proves the VH’s high quality and its suitability for the rough
environmental and EMC conditions onboard. This simplifies installation and
documentation requirements significantly.
86
The DNV certification also stands for the following agencies (as per the International Association of Classification Societies IACS - standards:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
American Bureau of Shipping (ABS)
Bureau Veritas (BV - Holland)
China Classification Society (CCS - China)
Det Norske Veritas (DNV - Norway)
Germanischer Lloyd (GL - Germany)
Korean Registrar of Shipping (KRS - Korea)
Lloyd’s Register (LR - UK)
Nippon Kaiji Kyokai (NKK - Japan)
Registro Italiano Navale (RINA - Italy)
Russian Maritime Register of Shipping (RMSR - Russia)
Indian Registrar of Shipping (ISR - India)
Secure Your Bridge Applications and IT - VH Series UPS
700-3000 VA
Bridge applications, local PCs and communication systems as well as fishery products – all these mission critical applications
can be protected with a UPS from the VH Series range. This plug-in-UPS helps you to protect your equipment cost efficiently.
VH Series UPS have - like all other GE UPS - comprehensive monitoring tools, which provide efficient event management and
maintenance even in a decentralized structure with a multitude of equipment.
Features and Benefits
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
VFI (Voltage and Frequency Independent) technology eliminates power reliability problems
Unique failsafe internal bypass for continued operation even in the event of UPS failure
Tower and/or 2U rack design for all ratings; all support elements included
Simple battery replacement without disruption to supported load
Versatile communication with USB and contact interface, RS232, relays and SNMP
Wide input voltage window minimizing battery usage
Excellent short circuit protection
GE’s unique Superior Battery Management enhancing battery performance and lifetime
Easy plug-in connection of battery packs for extended run-time
Remote monitoring and control for unmanned or isolated sites
Can be used as a 50/60Hz frequency converter
Phase neutral reversal protection
High overload capability
Precise output frequency regulation
High efficiency
Optional maritime kit to further strengthen the UPS in harsh maritime environments with high vibrations and poor mains quality
Maximize The Efficiency of Your Communication and Navigation Systems LP Series UPS 3-30 kVA
GE’s LP Series of single and 3-phase UPS is the ideal UPS support for communication and
navigation instruments. In the
United States the LP11 Series is classified with the designation LPS Cat III (Instrument Grade
Laboratory Protection System), meaning it is designed to efficiently protect critical equipment
and processes.
Excellent quality of supply voltage, galvanic separation and flexible autonomy times are key
characteristics to successfully support communication and navigation systems. Furthermore
LP11 UPS are successfully used to protect maritime training systems and process automation.
87
Features and Benefits - Maritime
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
VFI (Voltage and Frequency Independent) technology eliminates power reliability problems
Low input current distortion and high input power factor eliminates the need for costly filters or oversized generator
Small footprint
Advanced technology enabling silent operation
High output power factor allows for optimal sizing of UPS
Low output voltage distortion
Superior Battery Management (SBM) to enhance battery life and to prevent battery failure
ECO mode enables automatic energy savings under stable power conditions
The Ideal UPS For Your Centralized Solutions - SG Series UPS 10-500 kVA
Steering systems, engine and gear-systems control, cranes…. all complex and mission critical systems. Due to its specific
requirement related to power supply, such equipment has high demand for a clean and safely managed supply of input power.
GE’s SG range of UPS was successfully tested for use with maritime electronic equipment. GE’s exclusive power control system
means smaller rated UPS systems can be used, still ensuring a perfect waveform to the load even on peak loads. Thus GE helps
you provide excellent customer service and process management by ensuring business continuation, resulting in improved
business efficiency.
Features and Benefits
• VFI (Voltage and Frequency Independent) technology eliminates power
reliability problems
• High output power factor eliminates need for UPS oversizing
• Constant high efficiency at full and partial load
• Superior Battery Management (SBM)
• ECO mode/eBoost™ for energy savings
• Extremely low output distortion even at non-linear loads
• Highest levels of reliability and flexibility with Redundant Parallel Architecture (RPA)
• Best in class for variable load applications
• Various operation modes: double conversion; voltage and frequency stabilizer; frequency converter
• Galvanic isolation which provides additional critical power protection
• Backfeed protection standard included providing a safe work environment
88
89
Misc Application & Technical Notes
IS Power Distribution System
In electricity supply systems, an earthing system defines the electrical potential of the conductors relative to that of the Earth’s
conductive surface. The choice of earthing system has implications for the safety and electromagnetic compatibility of the
power supply. Note that regulations for earth (grounding) systems vary considerably between different countries.
A protective earth (PE) connection ensures that all exposed conductive surfaces are at the same electrical potential as the
surface of the Earth, to avoid the risk of electrical shock if a person touches a device in which an insulation fault has occurred. It
also ensures that in the case of an insulation fault, a high fault current flows, which will trigger an over current protection device
(fuse, MCB) that disconnects the power supply.
International standards require that electrical installations implement two types of protection of person against the
dangers of electrical currents.
• Protection against direct contact with conductive parts that are intentionally live. This protection is provided by barriers or
enclosures for which the design and type define the corresponding IP degree protection index.
• Protection against indirect contact with conductive parts that are not normally live but which may become live accidentally. This
protection is provided by disconnecting the supply of power when the potential difference of these parts becomes dangerous.
International standard IEC 60364 distinguishes three families of earth arrangements using the two-letter codes TN, TT, and IT
(three letter codes only for TN systems)
International standard IEC 60364 distinguishes three families of earth arrangements using the two-letter codes TN, TT, and IT
(three letter codes only for TN systems)
FIRST LETTER
SECOND LETTER
THIRD LETTER
(ONLY FOR TN SYSTEMS)
Connection of the Neutral
Earthing of the equipment
Protection conductor
T - Direct connecting to the earth of the power distribution
T - Connected to a local earth independent from the power
distribution earth
N - Connected to the earth of the power distribution
C - Neutral and protective conductor (PEN) are
combined in a single conductor
S - Neutral and protective conductor (PE) are
distributed separately
I - Isolated from the earth
TT SYSTEM
The power distribution system have one point directly earthed:
- the neutral is connected directly to earth
- the masses are earthed independently of power earthing
PHOTOS
L1
L2
L3
N
TT
PE
IT SYSTEM
The power distribution system is isolated from the earth, except that one point may be
connected to earth through an impedance or a voltage limiter:
- the neutral is isolated or connected to earth by an impedance
- the masses are earthed independently of power earthing
PHOTOS
L1
L2
L3
N
IT
PE
90
TN-S
The power distribution system is directly earthed:
- the neutral is connected directly to earth
- the masses are connected to the same earthing point of neutral
TN-C
Neutral and protective conductor (PEN) are combined in a single conductor.
PHOTOS
L1
L2
L3
N
PE
TN-S
PHOTOS
L1
L2
L3
PEN
TN-C
PE
NOTE: The UPS is designed for TN System. The input neutral shall be grounded at source and shall never be disconnected.
91
Transformers
Input Isolation Transformer
Typically a UPS system is directly connected to the Input Mains. In some applications a galvanic separation between the UPS
and the Input Mains or a dedicated grounding system for the UPS and its loads is required. In these cases an input isolation
transformer on the UPS rectifier or bypass Input Mains shall be installed.
Transformer Types
Three different transformers types, characterized by wiring connections, can realize the UPS galvanic separation. The tables
here below show the different characteristics of the type used and the relative applications:
Transformers Typology
MODALITY
EQUIPMENT
PRODUCT
POWER
BATTERY RUNTIME
(FULL LOAD)
Dyn11
30 electrical degrees phase
shift between primary and
secondary wiring neutral
on secondary wiring
L1
30°
L1,L2,L3
l1,l2,l3
L1
l1
L2
l2
L3
l3
n
30°
l1
l3
L3
l2
Dd0
L2
0 electrical degrees phase
shift between primary and
secondary wiring
L1
0°
L1,L2,L3
l1,l2,l3
L1
l1
L2
l2
L3
l3
l1
L3
l2
l3
Dzn0
L2
0 electrical degrees phase
shift between primary and
secondary wiring neutral on
secondary wiring
L1
0°
L1,L2,L3
l1,l2,l3
L1
l1
L2
l2
L3
l3
l1
n
L3
l3
l2
L2
92
Transformers Typology Applications
TYPE
BYPASS INPUT ISOLATION TRANSFORMER
RECTIFIER INPUT ISOLATION TRANSFORMER
Dyn11
X
X
Dd0
-
X
Dzn0
X
X
Input Rectifier Isolation Transformer
SSM
UPS
RECTIFIER
ISOLATION
TRANSFORMER
INPUT
MAINS
RECTIFIER
INVERTER
Lk
L1/L2/L3
NEUTRAL
NEUTRAL
POWER
DISTRIBUTION
UNIT
BATTERY
Configuration
The isolation transformer is installed upstream the UPS rectifier between the rectifier and the Input Mains; the transformer
neutral shall be not ground (earth) connected.
Applications
For safety reason, to realize a galvanic separation between the Input Mains and the UPS rectifier. This configuration is typically
used with PB battery (not VRLA) that require periodical check by service engineers that operate directly on the battery (e.g.
filling in electrolyte in battery blocks or checking the electrolyte density).
Efficiency Effect
The total UPS efficiency is affected by the transformer of about 1-2% .
INVERTER BRIDGE
RECTIFIER BRIDGE
INPUT MAINS
TRANSFORMER
INPUT MAINS
INVERTER BRIDGE
RECTIFIER BRIDGE
INPUT MAINS
TRANSFORMER
INPUT ISOLATION
TRANSFORMER
INPUT MAINS
BATTERY
CURRENT FLOWING THROUGH HUMAN BODY
GALVANIC SEPARTION
BETWEEN INPUT MAINS
AND UPS RECTIFIER
BATTERY
GALVANICALLY SEPARATED FROM INPUT MAINS
93
Input Bypass Isolation Transformer
BYPASS
ISOLATION
TRANSFORMER
UPS
INPUT
SSM
+30°
Dyn11
RECTIFIER
MAINS
INVERTER
Lk
L1/L2/L3
NEUTRAL
NEUTRAL
POWER
PE (GROUND)
DISTRIBUTION
UNIT
current flowing in normal mode operation
BATTERY
current flowing in bypass mode operation
Configuration
Configuration realized by a transformer installed on the UPS bypass input. Two different transformers can be used:
• Dyn11 (30 el. degr. phase shift) for the applications where the transformer phase-shift has no influence on the UPS output.
Standard configuration.
• Dzn0 (0 el. degr. phase shift) where an UPS input/output electrical phase shift is not allowed. Solution more expensive than the
previous one, due to the zig-zag transformer winding. This configuration is used when an external maintenance bypass is installed,
to avoid phase shift with the UPS bypass.
Applications
• To realize a local grounding arrangement or to realize the neutral wiring for the UPS and its loads, different from the one available
on the Input Mains. This is the case where the UPS Input Mains is distributed without neutral (3 wire + ground) or where the
replacement of the existing neutral conductor with a larger one could be problematic or costly.
• To avoid the propagation of the UPS loads current upstream the UPS on the Input Mains, even when the UPS is running in bypass mode.
In fact with the UPS in normal mode, with the loads supplied by the UPS inverter, the current is limited to the inverter
transformer without any propagation on the Input Mains distribution (refer also to the fig. 4-1). When the UPS is running in
bypass mode the load current is spread on the UPS input electrical distribution; this can cause problems on other load there
installed specially when the UPS supply non-linear loads with high harmonics contents or with high unbalanced loads (with high
3rd and multiple harmonic contents specially on the neutral conductor).
Efficiency Effect
The introduction of a transformer on the bypass line has no influence on the UPS efficiency because not part of the UPS normal
mode power conversion operation.
Input Bypass Transformer with External Maintenance Bypass
EXTERNAL MAINTENANCE BYPASS
BYPASS
ISOLATION
TRANSFORMER
UPS
INPUT
SSM
0°
Dzn0
RECTIFIER
MAINS
INVERTER
Lk
L1/L2/L3
NEUTRAL
NEUTRAL
POWER
DISTRIBUTION
PE (GROUND)
BATTERY
UNIT
94
In some UPS applications an external maintenance bypass for UPS and bypass transformer is required for maintenance reason
or to allow the possibility to remove the UPS maintaining the loads active. With this configuration it must be taken into account
to have no phase shift between the UPS and the external maintenance bypass circuits.
If a bypass isolation transformer is required, it shall be realized by a Dzn0 (Delta zig-zag with 0 el. degr. phase shift).
Careful attention shall be taken if a differential protection relay is installed upstream in the UPS. This can have a false trip if the
grounding connection between the “Input Mains transformer” and the “Input isolation transformer” is not realized properly.
Autotransformer
Adding an autotransformer is possible to adapt the input and (or) the output UPS voltage. The use of this one at the ups input is
allow only if the neutral is available. Contrarily a Dyn transformer is mandatory. An Autotransformer is an electrical transformer
with only one winding, thus there will be no galvanic separation. Because it requires both fewer windings and a smaller core, an
autotransformer for power applications is typically lighter and less costly than a two winding transformer.
Bi-Mono Transformer
By using a bi/mono transformer is possible to supply a mono-phase load. The size of UPS will be 1,78 times the
load applied. In fact:
VAload mono /0,97 (trasf.) /400V= Iphase-UPS
Iphase-UPSx3x230V = Pmin-UPS
Anyway bypass is always available and only two-phases will be loaded.
L1
L2
L3
L
N
LOAD
95
Circuit Breakers & Selectivity
SELECTIVITY COORDINATION
Proper circuit selectivity has to guarantee MCCB’s working condition as the one described in the picture
aside.
In an electrical system, upstream MCCB (Main, in blue) has to withstand higher current for longer period
compared to downstream connected MCCB.
Therefore current ratings and time delays has to be made according
to this criteria.
96
ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION EXAMPLE
Utility
Utility
Mains Trafo
Mains Trafo
Mains MCCB
Mains MCCB
UPS
MCCB
Non-Critical
Loads
UPS
UPS
MCCB
Non-Critical
Loads
Loads
MCCB
Critical
Loads
UPS
Loads
MCCB
Critical
Loads
Steady state scenario
Let’s consider a fault scenario
UPS is installed between Low voltage Mains
and Critical Loads. Upstream and downstream
protection devices are needed to guarantee
Selectivity criteria in case of any fault
A short circuit occurred on one of the load branches
supplied by the UPS.
Protection devices selectivity has been properly sized:
Due to trip of its upstream breaker, shorted load is
disconnected without affecting other load branches,
keeping rest of installation safe and active.
Utility
Mains Trafo
Mains MCCB
Same scenario: short circuit in one load branch
UPS
MCCB
Non-Critical
Loads
UPS
Loads
MCCB
Critical
Loads
Protection devices selectivity has been wrongly sized:
Its upstream breaker doesn’t trip, UPS switches on
bypass and short circuit current flows through making
UPS MCCB trip.
The whole downstream circuit is disconnected.
This obviously means damage for customer.
97
Battery Technologies
Battery Charging Characteristics
To choose and properly size a battery capacity and a battery charger, some basic information are necessary.
Capacity [Ah]
First of all, to compare different battery brands, the main important thing is to compare the same Capacity [Ah] value; the Ah
capacity is the current a battery can provide over a specified period, for example a 100Ah C10 end of discharge 1.75V/cell, can
provide 10 A for 10 hours to an end discharge voltage of 1.75V per cell.
Different battery manufacturers will use different CXX rates depending on the market or application at which their batteries are
targeted. Typical rates used are C3, C5, C8, C10 and C20.
In the following example both manufacturers can offer a 100Ah battery but, Manufacturer A can supply the 100Ah at C3 (and
135Ah at C10) and Manufacturer B can supply the 100Ah only at C10; in this case the Manufacturer A battery is better than the
one offered by Manufacturer B.
STANDBY TIME (HRS)
Manufacturer ‘A’
Manufacturer ‘B’
Current
1
2
3
5
8
10
12
20
80.9
47.4
35.0
23.2
16.2
13.57
11.4
5.9
AH (Cxx rate)
80.9
94.8
105.0
116.0
129.6
135.7
136.8
138
Current
66.9
38.5
27.7
18.2
12.3
10.2
8.6
5.77
AH (Cxx rate)
66.9
77.0
83.1
91.0
98.4
102.0
103.2
115.4
Battery charging current
For standard UPS standby applications the batteries are charged at floating voltage and the required charging time depends
by the type of installation (number of charging/discharging phases, runtime, etc).
Usually, VRLA batteries charging current is limited to 0.3 C10, and 0.1 C10 is the normal recommended charging current during
normal UPS operation.
Charging current value is strictly connected to the required recharging time, for example to charge a battery from up to 80%
the following charging times are needed:
• 4 hours with 0.2 C10
• 8 hours with 0.1 C10
• 16 hours with 0.05 C10
98
Average Battery Discharge Characteristics
99
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English
DEA-640/08
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