Avaya Configuring ATM Services User manual

Avaya Configuring ATM Services User manual
Configuring ATM
Services
Router Software Version 11.0
Site Manager Software Version 5.0
Part No. 114056 Rev. A
August 1996
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Santa Clara, CA 95054
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ii
114056 Rev. A
Bay Networks Software License
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114056 Rev. A
iii
Bay Networks Software License (continued)
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114056 Rev. A
Contents
About This Guide
Before You Begin ............................................................................................................. xx
Conventions ..................................................................................................................... xx
Acronyms .........................................................................................................................xxi
Ordering Bay Networks Publications .............................................................................xxiv
Technical Support and Online Services
Bay Networks Customer Service ...................................................................................xxvi
Bay Networks Information Services .............................................................................. xxvii
World Wide Web ..................................................................................................... xxvii
Customer Service FTP ........................................................................................... xxvii
Support Source CD ............................................................................................... xxviii
CompuServe ......................................................................................................... xxviii
InfoFACTS ...............................................................................................................xxix
How to Get Help ......................................................................................................xxix
Chapter 1
Starting ATM
Before You Begin ............................................................................................................1-1
Adding ATM to the Router ..............................................................................................1-2
Creating an ATM Circuit ...........................................................................................1-2
Defining a Service Record .......................................................................................1-3
Adding a Service Record for PVCs ...................................................................1-3
Adding a Service Record for Classical IP ..........................................................1-4
Adding a Service Record for LANE ...................................................................1-5
Enabling Protocols on an ATM Service Record .......................................................1-6
Supported Protocols ..........................................................................................1-6
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vii
Things to Remember .........................................................................................1-7
Selecting Protocols ............................................................................................1-8
Adding PVCs ............................................................................................................1-8
Where to Go Next ...........................................................................................................1-9
Chapter 2
Understanding ATM Concepts
ATM General Information ................................................................................................2-1
ATM Cells .................................................................................................................2-1
Cell Headers ......................................................................................................2-2
The Cell Information Field .................................................................................2-3
Data Transmission ....................................................................................................2-3
Permanent and Switched Virtual Connections .........................................................2-5
Physical Layer ................................................................................................................2-5
ATM Layer .......................................................................................................................2-6
ATM Adaptation Layer (AAL5) ........................................................................................2-7
Service Records and Virtual Circuits ..............................................................................2-8
Data Encapsulation ........................................................................................................2-9
Encapsulation Methods ............................................................................................2-9
LANE .................................................................................................................2-9
LLC/SNAP Encapsulation ..................................................................................2-9
NULL Encapsulation ........................................................................................2-10
NLPID Encapsulation ......................................................................................2-10
Selecting a Data Encapsulation Method ................................................................2-10
LLC/SNAP Encapsulation ................................................................................2-11
NULL Encapsulation (VC-Based Multiplexing) ................................................2-11
Encapsulation Rules for PVCs ...............................................................................2-12
PVC Access Methods ...................................................................................................2-13
Multiple PVCs .........................................................................................................2-13
One PVC ................................................................................................................2-14
Hybrid Access ........................................................................................................2-15
Using Hybrid PVCs for Transparent Bridging .........................................................2-16
SVC Access Methods ...................................................................................................2-18
ATM Traffic Parameters .................................................................................................2-18
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114056 Rev. A
Variable Bit Rate Versus Available Bit Rate ..................................................................2-19
Variable Bit Rate ....................................................................................................2-19
Available Bit Rate ...................................................................................................2-19
Rules for Editing Protocols ...........................................................................................2-20
ARP and Inverse ARP Support ....................................................................................2-20
ATM Error Checking .....................................................................................................2-21
Simulated Multicast Packet Support .............................................................................2-21
Converting Mb/s to Cells/s ............................................................................................2-21
Example of an ATM Network ........................................................................................2-22
Hardware Devices ..................................................................................................2-24
Function of the LattisCell Switch .....................................................................2-24
Function of the EtherCell Switch .....................................................................2-24
Function of the Centillion 100 Switch ..............................................................2-25
Function of the Router ATM ILI Pair .................................................................2-26
Understanding the Configuration and Control Software .........................................2-26
Role of Site Manager .......................................................................................2-26
Role of SpeedView ..........................................................................................2-26
Role of the CMS ..............................................................................................2-26
Role of the MCS ..............................................................................................2-27
Role of Optivity LAN 7.0 ..................................................................................2-27
For More Information ....................................................................................................2-28
Where to Go Next .........................................................................................................2-29
Chapter 3
Understanding Classical IP over ATM Concepts
ATM Address Resolution ................................................................................................3-3
Configuring an ATM Service Record for ATMARP ..........................................................3-4
Configuring an ATM Address for an Adjacent Host ........................................................3-5
Editing an ATMARP IP Interface .....................................................................................3-5
Where to Go Next ...........................................................................................................3-6
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ix
Chapter 4
Understanding ATM LAN Emulation Concepts
LAN Emulation Basics ....................................................................................................4-1
LAN Emulation Connectivity ...........................................................................................4-1
LAN Emulation Components ..........................................................................................4-2
LAN Emulation Clients .............................................................................................4-2
LAN Emulation Configuration Server .......................................................................4-2
LAN Emulation Server ..............................................................................................4-3
Broadcast and Unknown Server ..............................................................................4-3
Understanding LAN Emulation States ............................................................................4-4
Initial State ...............................................................................................................4-5
LECS Connect State ................................................................................................4-5
Configure State ........................................................................................................4-5
Join State .................................................................................................................4-5
Initial Registration State ...........................................................................................4-6
BUS Connect State ..................................................................................................4-6
Operational State .....................................................................................................4-6
Where to Go Next ...........................................................................................................4-7
Chapter 5
Customizing an ATM Line
Modifying ATM FRE2 Line Details ..................................................................................5-1
Enabling and Disabling the ATM Line ......................................................................5-1
Enabling and Disabling Data Path Notify .................................................................5-1
Specifying the Data Path Notify Timeout Value ........................................................5-2
Enabling or Disabling SVC Inactivity Timeout ..........................................................5-2
Specifying an SVC Inactivity Timeout (In Seconds) .................................................5-2
Modifying ATM FRE2 Physical Attributes .......................................................................5-3
Assigning the Framing Mode ....................................................................................5-3
Enabling or Disabling Cell Payload Scrambling .......................................................5-4
Enabling or Disabling Loopback ...............................................................................5-4
Defining ATM Cell Insertion ......................................................................................5-4
Modifying ATM ARE and Model 5780 ATM Router Line Details .....................................5-5
Enabling or Disabling the Line Driver .......................................................................5-5
Defining the Interface MTU ......................................................................................5-5
Enabling and Disabling the Data Path Function .......................................................5-5
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114056 Rev. A
Specifying a Data Path Notify Timeout .....................................................................5-6
Enabling or Disabling SVC Inactivity Timeout ..........................................................5-6
Specifying an SVC Inactivity Timeout (In Seconds) .................................................5-6
Assigning the Framing Mode ....................................................................................5-7
Defining the Clocking Signal Source ........................................................................5-7
Specifying DS3 Line Build Out .................................................................................5-8
Turning On and Off DS3 Scrambling ........................................................................5-8
Where to Go Next ...........................................................................................................5-9
Chapter 6
Customizing ATM Interfaces and
Service Records
Setting the Interface Administrative State .......................................................................6-1
Enabling or Disabling Signaling on an Interface .............................................................6-1
Autogenerating ATM Addresses .....................................................................................6-2
Enabling or Disabling the Hardware MAC Address Feature ....................................6-2
Entering a MAC Address Override Value .................................................................6-2
Enabling or Disabling User Part Autogeneration ......................................................6-3
Assigning ATM Addresses ..............................................................................................6-3
Entering an ATM Address Network Prefix ................................................................6-4
Entering an ATM Address User Part ........................................................................6-4
Enabling or Disabling a Service Record .........................................................................6-4
Defining a Service Record ..............................................................................................6-5
Assigning the Data Encapsulation Type ...................................................................6-5
Specifying a Virtual Connection Type .......................................................................6-6
Entering an Emulated LAN Name ..................................................................................6-6
Defining an Emulated LAN Type .....................................................................................6-6
Defining the MTU ............................................................................................................6-7
Where to Go Next ...........................................................................................................6-8
Chapter 7
Customizing PVCs
Setting a VPI/VCI Pair .....................................................................................................7-1
Setting a VPI Number ..............................................................................................7-1
Setting a VCI Number ..............................................................................................7-2
Designating a VC as Hybrid/Bridged ..............................................................................7-2
Assigning the Administrative State .................................................................................7-3
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xi
Modifying ATM Traffic Parameters ..................................................................................7-3
Setting the PCR .......................................................................................................7-3
Setting the SCR .......................................................................................................7-5
Setting the MBS .......................................................................................................7-7
Modifying the Maximum AAL CPCS SDU Size ..............................................................7-8
Setting the Transmit SDU Size .................................................................................7-8
Setting the Receive SDU Size .................................................................................7-8
Assigning a Data Encapsulation Type ............................................................................7-8
Where to Go Next ...........................................................................................................7-9
Chapter 8
Customizing LAN Emulation Clients
Enabling or Disabling LANE ...........................................................................................8-1
Defining a LEC ...............................................................................................................8-1
Specifying an Owner ................................................................................................8-2
Entering an ELAN Name ..........................................................................................8-2
Entering a LES ATM Address ..................................................................................8-2
Selecting a Configuration Mode .....................................................................................8-3
Assigning an Emulated LAN Type ..................................................................................8-3
Setting the Maximum Data Frame Size ..........................................................................8-3
Controlling Unknown Frame Distribution ........................................................................8-4
Setting a Maximum Unknown Frame Count .............................................................8-4
Specifying a Maximum Unknown Frame Time .........................................................8-5
Modifying LANE Timers and Retry Counters ..................................................................8-5
Setting the Control Timeout .....................................................................................8-5
Enabling or Disabling the VCC Timeout Period ........................................................8-6
Setting the Maximum Retry Count ...........................................................................8-6
Setting the Aging Time .............................................................................................8-6
Setting the Forward Delay Time ...............................................................................8-6
Defining the Expected LE_ARP Response Time .....................................................8-7
Setting the Path Switching Delay .............................................................................8-7
Modifying Flush Protocol Variables .................................................................................8-8
Enabling or Disabling the Flush Protocol .................................................................8-8
Setting the Flush Timeout ........................................................................................8-8
Entering a LECS ATM Address ......................................................................................8-9
Where to Go Next ...........................................................................................................8-9
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114056 Rev. A
Chapter 9
Customizing Signaling
Enabling or Disabling Signaling ......................................................................................9-2
Assigning a Protocol Standard .......................................................................................9-2
Specifying the Maximum Number of SVC Applications ..................................................9-2
Setting Connection Thresholds .......................................................................................9-3
Defining Maximum Point-to-Point Connections ........................................................9-3
Defining Maximum Point-to-Multipoint Connections .................................................9-3
Defining Maximum Parties in Multipoint Connections ..............................................9-3
Setting the Minimum Memory Threshold ........................................................................9-3
Setting Signaling Timers .................................................................................................9-4
Defining Retransmissions ...............................................................................................9-9
Setting the Number of Allowable Restart Messages ................................................9-9
Setting the Number of Allowable Status Enquiries ...................................................9-9
Pacing Calls ....................................................................................................................9-9
Where to Go Next .........................................................................................................9-10
Chapter 10
Customizing ILMI
Enabling or Disabling ILMI ............................................................................................10-1
Modifying ILMI Timers and Retry Counters ..................................................................10-1
Setting the ILMI Get Timer .....................................................................................10-2
Setting the ILMI Get Retry Count ...........................................................................10-2
Setting the ILMI Get Next Timer .............................................................................10-2
Setting the ILMI Get Next Retry Count ...................................................................10-2
Setting the ILMI Set Timer .....................................................................................10-3
Setting the ILMI Set Retry Count ...........................................................................10-3
Where to Go Next .........................................................................................................10-4
Chapter 11
Customizing Signaling and ILMI Control VCs
Redefining the Signaling Control VC ............................................................................11-1
Changing the Signaling VPI Number .....................................................................11-1
Changing the Signaling VCI Number .....................................................................11-1
Redefining the ILMI Control VC ....................................................................................11-2
Changing the ILMI VPI Number .............................................................................11-2
Changing the ILMI VCI Number .............................................................................11-2
114056 Rev. A
xiii
Modifying Control VC Traffic Parameters ......................................................................11-2
Setting the PCR .....................................................................................................11-2
Setting the SCR .....................................................................................................11-4
Setting the MBS .....................................................................................................11-6
Modifying the Maximum AAL CPCS SDU Size ............................................................11-7
Setting the Transmit SDU Size ...............................................................................11-7
Setting the Receive SDU Size ...............................................................................11-7
Where to Go Next .........................................................................................................11-8
Chapter 12
Customizing SAAL
Enabling or Disabling SAAL ..........................................................................................12-2
Defining the Link Connection Arbitration ......................................................................12-2
Modifying SAAL Timers ................................................................................................12-2
Defining PDU Values ....................................................................................................12-4
Setting the SSCOP Maximum Connection Control Value ......................................12-4
Setting the SSCOP Maximum Poll Data Value .......................................................12-4
Setting the SSCOP Maximum STAT PDU Value ....................................................12-5
Where to Go Next .........................................................................................................12-5
Appendix A
Site Manager Parameters
Accessing ATM Parameters ........................................................................................... A-1
Using the Window Path ........................................................................................... A-1
Using the Menu Path ............................................................................................... A-3
ATM Line Parameter Descriptions ................................................................................. A-5
ATM FRE2 Line Details ........................................................................................... A-5
ATM FRE2 Physical Attributes ................................................................................ A-7
ATM ARE Line Details ............................................................................................. A-9
ATM Interface Parameter Descriptions ........................................................................ A-14
ATM Service Record Parameter Descriptions ............................................................. A-17
ATM Virtual Channel Link Parameter Descriptions ............................................... A-25
LAN Emulation Parameter Descriptions ................................................................ A-32
ATM Signaling Parameter Descriptions ....................................................................... A-40
ATM ILMI Signaling Parameter Descriptions ............................................................... A-52
Signaling and ILMI Control VC Parameter Descriptions .............................................. A-56
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114056 Rev. A
ATM Signaling AAL Parameter Descriptions ............................................................... A-61
ATMARP Configuration Parameter Descriptions ......................................................... A-65
Adjacent Host Parameter Descriptions ........................................................................ A-66
IP Interface Parameter Descriptions ............................................................................ A-69
Appendix B
Site Manager Default Settings for ATM
ATM FRE2 Line Parameters .......................................................................................... B-4
ATM ARE Line Parameters ............................................................................................ B-4
Appendix C
ATM Sample Log
Index
114056 Rev. A
xv
Figures
Figure 2-1.
Figure 2-2.
Figure 2-3.
Figure 2-4.
Figure 2-5.
Figure 2-6.
Figure 2-7.
ATM Cell ...................................................................................................2-1
ATM Cell Header ......................................................................................2-2
ATM Transmission Components ...............................................................2-4
B-ISDN ATM Protocol Reference Model ..................................................2-6
ATM Adaptation Layer 5 ...........................................................................2-8
Multiple PVCs per Service Record ........................................................2-13
One PVC per Service Record ................................................................2-15
Figure 2-8.
Figure 2-9.
Figure 2-10.
Figure 3-1.
Figure 3-2.
Figure 4-1.
Figure 6-1.
Figure 9-1.
Figure 12-1.
Figure A-1.
Figure A-2.
Figure A-3.
Figure A-4.
Figure A-5.
Figure A-6.
Figure A-7.
Hybrid PVCs ..........................................................................................2-16
Example of a Bridged Network ..............................................................2-17
Sample ATM Network ............................................................................2-23
IP Local Area Network .............................................................................3-2
IP Logical IP Subnet ................................................................................3-3
LAN Emulation States ..............................................................................4-4
ATM Address Components ......................................................................6-3
SVC/PVC Signaling Protocol Stack .........................................................9-1
SVC/PVC Signaling Protocol Stack .......................................................12-1
Line Attributes Window Sequence .......................................................... A-5
Interface Attributes Window Sequence ................................................. A-14
Service Attributes Window Sequence (PVCs) ...................................... A-18
Service Attributes Window Sequence (SVCs with LANE) .................... A-19
ATM Signaling Parameters Window Sequence ..................................... A-40
ATM ILMI Signaling Parameters Window Sequence ............................. A-52
ATM Signaling AAL Records List Window Sequence ........................... A-61
114056 Rev. A
xvii
Tables
Table 1-1.
Table 1-2.
Table 2-1.
Table 2-2.
Table 2-3.
Table 5-1.
Table 6-1.
Valid Data Encapsulation Types for PVCs and SVCs ..............................1-3
Supported Protocols ................................................................................1-6
Maximum Bandwidth ................................................................................2-6
Assigning Data Encapsulation to Individual PVCs .................................2-12
Locating and Using Protocol Menus ......................................................2-20
Determining an Appropriate Framing Mode .............................................5-7
Defining a Service Record .......................................................................6-5
Table 7-1.
Table 7-2.
Table 9-1.
Table 11-1.
Table 11-2.
Table 12-1.
Table A-1.
Table A-2.
Table B-1.
Table B-2.
Table B-3.
Table B-4.
Table B-5.
Table B-6.
Table B-7.
Table B-8.
Table B-9.
Table B-10.
Table B-11.
Table B-12.
Table B-13.
Table B-14.
Valid PCR Ranges ...................................................................................7-4
Valid SCR Ranges ...................................................................................7-6
Signaling Timer Descriptions ...................................................................9-4
Valid PCR Ranges .................................................................................11-3
Valid SCR Ranges .................................................................................11-5
Signaling Timer Descriptions .................................................................12-2
Finding Attribute Categories ................................................................... A-3
Finding Attribute Categories ................................................................... A-4
Initial ATM Signaling Config Window ....................................................... B-1
ATM Service Records List Window ......................................................... B-1
ATM Service Record Parameters Window .............................................. B-2
ATM Virtual Channel Link Window .......................................................... B-2
ATM Virtual Channel Link Parameters Window ....................................... B-2
LAN Emulation Parameters Window ....................................................... B-3
ATM Interface Attributes Window ............................................................ B-3
ATM FRE2 Line Parameters ................................................................... B-4
ATM FRE2 Physical Attribute Parameters .............................................. B-4
ATM ARE Line Parameters ..................................................................... B-4
ATM Signaling Parameters Window ........................................................ B-5
ATM Control VC for Signaling Window .................................................... B-6
ATM Signaling AAL Records List Window ............................................... B-6
ATM ILMI Signaling Parameters Window ................................................ B-7
114056 Rev. A
xix
Table B-15.
Table B-16.
xx
ATM Control VC for ILMI Window ............................................................ B-7
ATM ARP Configuration Window ............................................................ B-7
114056 Rev. A
About This Guide
This guide describes Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) and what you do to
start and customize a Bay Networks ATM router. Use the following table to locate
the subject in this guide that you want to know more about.
Subject
Go to
Starting ATM on your router
Chapter 1
General ATM information and an example of an ATM Chapter 2
network using Bay Networks equipment
114056 Rev. A
General Classical IP Over ATM information
Chapter 3
General LAN Emulation information
Chapter 4
Customizing an ATM line
Chapter 5
Customizing an ATM interface
Chapter 6
Customizing an ATM service record
Chapter 6
Customizing PVCs
Chapter 7
Customizing a LAN emulation client
Chapter 8
Customizing Signaling
Chapter 9
Customizing ILMI
Chapter 10
Customizing Signaling and ILMI Control VCs
Chapter 11
Customizing SAAL
Chapter 12
Accessing Site Manager Parameters
Appendix A
Getting a complete list of Site Manager Parameters
Appendix A
Getting a complete list of Site Manager Defaults
Appendix B
Viewing a sample ATM log file
Appendix C
xxi
Configuring ATM Services
Before You Begin
Before using this guide, you must complete the following procedures. For a new
router:
•
Install the router (refer to the installation manual that came with your router).
•
Connect the router to the network and create a pilot configuration file (refer to
Quick-Starting Routers and BNX Platforms, Connecting BayStack AN and
ANH Systems to a Network, or Connecting ASN Routers and BNX Platforms
to a Network).
Make sure that you are running the latest version of Bay Networks Site Manager
and router software. For instructions, refer to Upgrading Routers from Version
7–10.xx to Version 11.0.
Conventions
angle brackets (< >)
Indicate that you choose the text to enter based on the
description inside the brackets. Do not type the
brackets when entering the command.
Example: if command syntax is ping <ip_address>,
you enter ping 192.32.10.12
bold text
Indicates text that you need to enter, command names,
and buttons in menu paths.
Example: Enter wfsm &
Example: Use the dinfo command.
Example: ATM DXI > Interfaces > PVCs identifies the
PVCs button in the window that appears when you
select the Interfaces option from the ATM DXI menu.
brackets ([ ])
ellipsis points
xxii
Indicate optional elements. You can choose none, one,
or all of the options.
.
Horizontal (. . .) and vertical ( .. ) ellipsis points indicate
omitted information.
italic text
Indicates variable values in command syntax
descriptions, new terms, file and directory names, and
book titles.
quotation marks (“ ”)
Indicate the title of a chapter or section within a book.
114056 Rev. A
About This Guide
screen text
Indicates data that appears on the screen.
Example: Set Bay Networks Trap Monitor Filters
separator ( > )
Separates menu and option names in instructions and
internal pin-to-pin wire connections.
Example: Protocols > AppleTalk identifies the
AppleTalk option in the Protocols menu.
Example: Pin 7 > 19 > 20
vertical line (|)
Indicates that you enter only one of the parts of the
command. The vertical line separates choices. Do not
type the vertical line when entering the command.
Example: If the command syntax is
show at routes | nets, you enter either
show at routes or show at nets, but not both.
Acronyms
114056 Rev. A
AAL
ATM adaptation layer
ABR
available bit rate
AFI
authority and format identifier
ALC
Adaptation Layer Controller
ARE
ATM Routing Engine
ARP
Address Resolution Protocol
ATM
Asynchronous Transfer Mode
BFE
Blacker front-end encryption
B-ISDN
Broadband Integrated Services Digital Network
BUS
broadcast and unknown server
CMS
Connection Management System
CPCS
common part convergence sublayer
CS
convergence sublayer
CSU
channel service unit
DCE
data communications equipment
DDN
Defense Data Network
DSU
data service unit
DTE
data terminal equipment
xxiii
Configuring ATM Services
xxiv
DXI
Data Exchange Interface
ELAN
emulated LAN
ER
error recovery
FRE
Fast Routing Engine
ILI
Intelligent Link Interface
ILMI
Interim Local Management Interface
IP
Internet Protocol
IPX
Internet Packet Exchange
ITU-T
International Telecommunications Union –
Telecommunication Standardization Sector
LANE
LAN emulation
LE
LAN emulation
LEC
LAN emulation client
LECS
LAN emulation configuration server
LES
LAN emulation server
LIS
logical IP subnet
LLC
Logical Link Control
LUNI
LAN emulation UNI
MAC
media access control
MBS
maximum burst size
MCS
multicast server
MIB
management information base
MCR
minimum cell rate
MTU
Maximum Transmission Unit
NML
Native Mode LAN
NMS
network management station
NNI
network-to-network interface
OAM&P
operations, administration, maintenance and provisioning
OSI
Open Systems Interconnection
OSPF
Open Shortest Path First
PCR
peak cell rate
PD
poll data
PDN
Public Data Network
114056 Rev. A
About This Guide
114056 Rev. A
PDU
protocol data unit
PVC
permanent virtual circuit
RIP
Routing Information Protocol
RS
resynchronization
SAAL
Signaling AAL
SAP
service access point
SAR
segmentation and reassembly
SCR
sustainable cell rate
SD
sequenced data
SDH
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
SDU
service data unit
SMDS
Switched Multimegabit Data Services
SNAP
Subnetwork Access Protocol
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
SONET
Synchronous Optical Network
SPE
synchronous payload envelope
SRM
system resource module
SSCOP
Service Specific Connection Oriented Protocol
SSCS
Service Specific Convergence Sublayer
STAT
status
STP
shielded twisted pair
SVC
switched virtual circuit
TOH
transport overhead
UNI
user-network interface
UTP
unshielded twisted pair
VBR
variable bit rate
VC
virtual circuit
VCC
virtual channel connection
VCI
virtual channel identifier
VCL
virtual channel link
VPC
virtual path connection
VPI
virtual path identifier
WAN
wide area network
xxv
Configuring ATM Services
Ordering Bay Networks Publications
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xxvi
114056 Rev. A
Technical Support and Online Services
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worldwide, Bay Networks Customer Service has Technical Response Centers
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114056 Rev. A
xxvii
Configuring ATM Services
Bay Networks Customer Service
If you purchased your Bay Networks product from a distributor or authorized
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xxviii
114056 Rev. A
Technical Support and Online Services
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114056 Rev. A
xxix
Configuring ATM Services
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xxx
114056 Rev. A
Technical Support and Online Services
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How to Get Help
Use the following numbers to reach your Bay Networks Technical Response
Center:
114056 Rev. A
Technical Response Center Telephone Number
Fax Number
Billerica, MA
1-800-2LANWAN
(508) 670-8765
Santa Clara, CA
1-800-2LANWAN
(408) 764-1188
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(33) 92-968-968
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Tokyo, Japan
(81) 3-5402-0180
(81) 3-5402-0173
xxxi
Chapter 1
Starting ATM
This chapter provides instructions for setting up an ATM interface to run the
default PVC, Classical IP, or LANE configuration.
Before You Begin
Before you can start ATM on your router, you must
1. Open a configuration file.
2. Specify router hardware (if using a local-mode configuration file).
3. Select the link module interface on which you are enabling ATM.
If you have questions about how to perform any of these preliminary tasks, refer
to Configuring Routers.
The Technician Interface allows you to modify parameters by issuing set and
commit commands with the management information base (MIB) object ID. This
process is equivalent to modifying parameters using Site Manager.
For more information about using the Technician Interface to access the MIB,
refer to Using Technician Interface Software.
Caution: We strongly recommend that you use the Technician Interface for
very minor MIB adjustments only. The Technician Interface does not validate
parameter entries. Entering an invalid value can corrupt your configuration.
114056 Rev. A
1-1
Configuring ATM Services
Adding ATM to the Router
Adding ATM to the router means:
1. Creating an ATM circuit
2. Defining an ATM service record
3. Enabling protocols on an ATM service record
4. Adding at least one virtual circuit (PVCs only) to that service record
Creating an ATM Circuit
To create an ATM circuit on an interface:
1.
Click on an ATM link module interface (labeled ATM1) in the
Configuration Manager window.
The Add Circuit window opens.
2.
Click on OK.
The Initial ATM Signaling Config window opens.
3.
Click on OK to accept the default settings or edit the parameters.
Refer to Appendix A for a detailed description of any parameter you may
want to customize.
4.
Click on OK.
The Edit ATM Connector window opens.
5.
1-2
Go to the next section to define a service record on the circuit.
114056 Rev. A
Starting ATM
Defining a Service Record
The Configuration Manager allows you to add service records for a specific data
encapsulation type. Depending on the data encapsulation type you choose, the
Configuration Manager also allows you to select a permanent virtual circuit
(PVC) or switched virtual circuit (SVC) connection type for that service record.
Caution: You cannot edit the Data Encapsulation Type or Virtual Connection
Type parameters once you assign them to a service record. However, you can
edit the Data Encapsulation Type for individual PVCs.
Table 1-1 identifies which data encapsulation types you can apply to permanent
and switched virtual circuits.
Table 1-1.
Valid Data Encapsulation Types for PVCs and SVCs
Data Encapsulation Type
Permanent Virtual Circuit
Switched Virtual Circuit
✔
LANE
LLC/SNAP
✔
✔
NLPID
✔
✔
NULL
✔
✔
Note: For an explanation of the different data encapsulation types, and rules
for assigning data encapsulation, refer to Chapter 2.
Adding a Service Record for PVCs
To add a service record for permanent virtual circuits:
1.
Click on Service Attributes in the Edit ATM Connector window.
The ATM Service Records List window opens.
2.
Click on Add.
The ATM Service Record Parameters window opens.
114056 Rev. A
1-3
Configuring ATM Services
Note: If you disabled signaling in the Initial ATM Signaling Config window,
the ATM Service Record Parameters window automatically changes the
default for the Data Encapsulation Type parameter to Logical Link Control/
Subnetwork Access Protocol (LLC/SNAP) and the Virtual Connection Type
parameter to PVC.
3.
Change the Data Encapsulation Type parameter from LANE (the
default) to LLC/SNAP, NLPID, or NULL.
Note: For an explanation of the different data encapsulation types, and rules
for assigning data encapsulation, refer to Chapter 2.
4.
Change the Virtual Connection Type parameter from SVC to PVC.
Note: You must press the return key or tab key to advance to the Virtual
Connection Type parameter. Pressing either key acknowledges the data
encapsulation type selection. If you neglect this step, the Configuration
Manager does not provide PVC as an option for the Virtual Connection Type
parameter.
Refer to Appendix A for a detailed description of any parameter you may
want to customize.
5.
Click on OK.
The Select Protocols window opens.
6.
Go to “Enabling Protocols on an ATM Service Record,” later in this
chapter.
Adding a Service Record for Classical IP
To add a service record for Classical IP:
1.
Click on Service Attributes in the Edit ATM Connector window.
The ATM Service Records List window opens.
2.
Click on Add.
The ATM Service Record Parameters window opens.
1-4
114056 Rev. A
Starting ATM
3.
Change the Data Encapsulation Type parameter from LANE (the
default) to LLC/SNAP or NULL.
Refer to Appendix A for a detailed description of any parameter you may
want to customize.
Note: If you do not enter an ATM address user part, the Configuration
Manager uses the media access control (MAC) address of the interface (or the
MAC address override from the ATM Interface Attributes window) as the first
six bytes of the address. The Configuration Manager then adds a selector byte,
unique to this service record, to complete the address.
4.
Click on OK.
The Select Protocols window opens.
5.
Go to “Enabling Protocols on an ATM Service Record,” later in this
chapter.
Adding a Service Record for LANE
To add a service record for LANE:
1.
Click on Service Attributes in the Edit ATM Connector window.
The ATM Service Records List window opens.
2.
Click on Add.
The ATM Service Record Parameters window opens.
Refer to Appendix A for a detailed description of any parameter you may
want to customize.
Note: If you do not enter an ATM address user part, the Configuration
Manager uses the MAC address of the interface (or the MAC address override
from the ATM Interface Attributes window) as the first six bytes of the address.
The Configuration Manager then adds a selector byte, unique to this service
record, to complete the address.
3.
Click on OK.
The Select Protocols window opens.
4.
114056 Rev. A
Go to the next section.
1-5
Configuring ATM Services
Enabling Protocols on an ATM Service Record
Depending on the data encapsulation type and virtual connection type (PVC or
SVC) you choose for the service record, the router supports various protocols.
Supported Protocols
Table 1-2 lists all supported protocols for standard PVCs and SVCs using
LLC/SNAP, NLPID, NULL, or LANE 802.3 data encapsulation.
Table 1-2.
Supported Protocols
PVC Using LLC/SNAP,
NLPID, or NULL
SVC Using LLC/SNAP
or NULL (RFC 1577)
SVC Using LANE 802.3
Bridge
IP
Bridge
Spanning Tree
RIP
Spanning Tree
Native Mode LAN
BGP
Native Mode LAN
IP
OSPF
IP
RIP
RIP
EGP
BGP
BGP
OSPF
OSPF
DECnet IV
BOOTP
IPX
IGMP
DVMRP
RIP/SAP
AppleTalk
NetBIOS
LLC2
DECnet IV
DLSw
IPX
RIP/SAP
XNS
RIP (XNS)
AppleTalk
1-6
114056 Rev. A
Starting ATM
Things to Remember
When enabling protocols on a service record, keep the following in mind:
•
A PVC service record requires that you add at least one PVC for the service
record to operate.
•
Each ATM service record globally controls
-- All protocols for any standard PVCs and SVCs that it contains
-- All nonbridging protocols for any hybrid PVCs that it contains
114056 Rev. A
•
When you select either NULL or LLC/SNAP data encapsulation to run on an
SVC, you automatically select the technology defined in RFC 1577, Classical
IP and ARP over ATM. This technology allows you to set up logical IP
subnets within your ATM network and provides the ability to use an address
resolution protocol to obtain information, and receive that information from a
designated ATMARP server. For additional information about RFC 1577 and
how to configure logical IP subnets on an ATM network, refer to Chapter 3.
•
After you add protocols to an LLC/SNAP, NULL, or LANE switched virtual
circuit, Site Manager adds an SVC button to the ATM Service Records List
window. Clicking on the SVC button opens the SVC window. From this
window, you can view and delete individual SVCs from the service record
(dynamic mode only).
•
Selecting LANE to run on an SVC service record defines that service record
as belonging to an emulated LAN. This means that any protocols on that
service record operate as if they were running over a traditional Ethernet
LAN.
•
After you add protocols to a LANE switched virtual circuit, Site Manager
adds a LEC (LAN emulation client) button to the ATM Service Records List
window. Clicking on the LEC button opens the ARE LAN Emulation
Parameters window. For additional information about customizing LAN
emulation clients, refer to Chapter 8.
1-7
Configuring ATM Services
Selecting Protocols
To select protocols to operate on a service record:
1.
Click on the protocol or protocols you want to enable in the Select
Protocols window.
2.
Click on OK.
For each protocol you select, the Configuration Manager displays a
protocol-specific window prompting you for required information. If you
need assistance in responding to any queries, consult the appropriate
protocol-specific guide.
When you finish configuring the protocols, the ATM Virtual Channel Link
window opens.
Note: If you are adding protocols to a PVC service record, you must add at
least one PVC for that service record to operate.
Adding PVCs
To add a PVC to a PVC service record:
1.
Click on Add in the ATM Virtual Channel Link window.
The ATM Virtual Channel Link Parameters window opens.
2.
Supply the following information:
•
A VPI (virtual path identifier) number. This number identifies the virtual
path of the PVC. The VPI is part of the cell header. The header can
contain a maximum of 8 VPI bits for a UNI connection. This bit range
allows for path identifiers from 0 through 255.
Site Manager: VPI Number: page A-25
•
A VCI (virtual channel identifier) number. This number identifies the
virtual channel of the PVC. The VCI is part of the cell header. The header
can contain a maximum of 16 VCI bits. This bit range allows for channel
identifiers from 0 through 65535.
Site Manager: VCI Number: page A-26
1-8
114056 Rev. A
Starting ATM
Note: Following the recommendation of the ATM Forum, virtual channel
identifiers from 0 through 31 are reserved for signaling and added
functionality.
3.
Click on OK.
The Configuration Manager returns you to the ATM Virtual Channel Link
window. If you want to change any of the parameters in the ATM Virtual
Channel Link window, refer to Appendix A for parameter information.
4.
If you want to add another PVC with the default configuration, repeat
Steps 1 through 3.
5.
Click on Done.
The Configuration Manager returns you to the ATM Service Records List
window.
Where to Go Next
Use the following table to determine where you want to go next.
114056 Rev. A
For information about
Go to
General ATM information
Chapter 2
General Classical IP over ATM information
Chapter 3
General LAN emulation information
Chapter 4
Customizing an ATM line
Chapter 5
Customizing an ATM interface or service record
Chapter 6
Customizing PVCs
Chapter 7
Customizing a LAN emulation client
Chapter 8
Customizing signaling
Chapter 9
Customizing ILMI
Chapter 10
Customizing signaling and ILMI control VCs
Chapter 11
Customizing SAAL
Chapter 12
Accessing Site Manager parameters
Appendix A
Site Manager defaults
Appendix B
ATM log files
Appendix C
1-9
Chapter 2
Understanding ATM Concepts
This chapter looks at concepts underlying ATM and, where appropriate, the
specific ways we implement these concepts on our routers.
ATM General Information
Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) is a connection-oriented, cell-based
technology that relays traffic across a Broadband Integrated Services Digital
Network (B-ISDN). It is a cost-effective way of transmitting voice, video, and
data across a network.
ATM Cells
An ATM cell is a short, fixed-length packet of 53 bytes. It consists of a 5-byte
header containing address information and a fixed, 48-byte information field.
Figure 2-1 shows a diagram of an ATM cell.
48-byte
information field
5-byte
header
ATM0001A
Figure 2-1.
ATM Cell
Using a fixed-length cell size allows you to predict network delays, making ATM
suitable for carrying real-time information (for example, voice and video) as well
as data.
114056 Rev. A
2-1
Configuring ATM Services
ATM allows the network to operate at a much higher rate than typical
packet-switching systems (for example, X.25), because it provides no error
protection or flow control. Instead, ATM relies on the source and destination
devices to perform error-recovery functions such as retransmission of lost packets.
Cell Headers
After dividing the data into 48-byte segments for transmission, the end device
(that is, the ATM DSU/CSU or native ATM device) attaches the required header
information (Figure 2-2).
48-byte
information field
5-byte
header
Bits
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Generic flow control (GFC)
Virtual path identifier (VPI)
1
Virtual path identifier (VPI)
Virtual channel identifier (VCI)
2
Virtual channel identifier (FCI)
Virtual channel identifier (VCI)
Payload type (PT)
Header error control (HEC)
3
Cell loss
priority
Bytes
4
5
ATM0002A
Figure 2-2.
ATM Cell Header
The fields in each ATM cell header provide all the information necessary for
networking. These fields include the following:
•
2-2
Generic Flow Control (GFC): The first 4 bits of the cell header contain the
GFC. The GFC controls traffic flow onto the ATM network by controlling the
user-network interface (UNI).
114056 Rev. A
Understanding ATM Concepts
•
Virtual Path Identifier (VPI): The next 8 bits of the cell header (that is, the
last half of byte 1 and the first half of byte 2) contain the VPI. The VPI
specifies a virtual path on the physical ATM link. Refer to the next section,
“Data Transmission,” for additional information on virtual paths.
•
Virtual Channel Identifier (VCI): The next 16 bits of the cell header (that is,
the last half of byte 2, all of byte 3, and the first half of byte 4) contain the
VCI. The VCI specifies a virtual channel within the virtual path on the
physical ATM link. Refer to the next section, “Data Transmission,” for
additional information on virtual channels.
•
Payload Type (PT): The next 3 bits (that is, bits 5 through 7 of byte 4)
indicate the type of information the cell is carrying (for example, user data or
management information).
•
Cell Loss Priority (CLP): The last bit of byte 4 indicates the priority of the
cell and whether the network can discard it under heavy traffic conditions.
Setting the bit to 1 indicates the network may discard the cell if necessary.
•
Header Error Control (HEC): The last byte of the header field contains the
HEC. Its primary function is to guard against misdelivery of cells due to
header or single bit errors. However, the HEC does not gauge the quality of
the data in the information field.
The Cell Information Field
Following the 5-byte cell header is a 48-byte information field containing user
data. The ATM adaptation layer (AAL) organizes the data in this field. Refer to
“ATM Layers,” later in this chapter, for additional information about the AAL.
Data Transmission
Data transmission (also called cell switching) through the ATM network relies on
the establishment of logical connections between ATM entities. ATM is a
connection-oriented service. This means that an ATM entity cannot transmit
information until it establishes a connection with a receiving entity. These
connections consist of virtual channels, virtual paths, and transmission paths.
114056 Rev. A
2-3
Configuring ATM Services
A virtual channel is a logical connection between two communicating ATM
entities. Each virtual channel may carry a different protocol or traffic type. The
virtual channel transports cells that have a common identifier. The identifier is
called the virtual channel identifier (VCI) and is part of the cell header. You can
establish virtual channels permanently or set them up dynamically, allowing the
network to adjust itself to the traffic demand.
A virtual path is a set of virtual channels between a common source and
destination. The virtual channels in a virtual path logically associate to a common
identifier. This identifier is called the virtual path identifier (VPI) and is part of the
cell header. You can base cell switching on either the VPI alone, or on a
combination of the VPI and VCI.
Virtual paths enable you to separate network transport functions into those related
to an individual logical connection (virtual channel) and those related to a group
of logical connections (virtual path).
A transmission path is a physical connection that comprises several virtual paths,
each virtual path containing several virtual channels. The transmission path may
support multiple virtual paths across a single connection to the network.
Figure 2-3 shows the relationships between the virtual channel, the virtual path,
and the transmission path.
Transmission path
VC
VP
VP
VC
VC
VP
VP
VC
VC
VP
VP
VC
VP = Virtual path
VC = Virtual channel
ATM0006A
Figure 2-3.
2-4
ATM Transmission Components
114056 Rev. A
Understanding ATM Concepts
Permanent and Switched Virtual Connections
Virtual channels and virtual paths allow you to establish virtual channel links
(VCLs). You can create VCLs as either permanent virtual circuits (PVCs) or
switched virtual circuits (SVCs). Once you establish a PVC, you can transfer
information over it at any time. Switched virtual circuits only activate, through
signaling and network switching, when there is information ready for
transmission.
Physical Layer
In a Bay Networks router, Intelligent Link Interface (ILI) pairs provide access and
processing. An ILI pair consists of a link module and a processor module that
work together to process and transmit information over a network. Bay Networks
currently provides the following ATM ILI pairs:
•
An ATM FRE2 link module in conjunction with a Fast Routing Engine
(FRE2) processor
•
An ATM Routing Engine (ARE) link module in conjunction with an ATM
Routing Engine processor
In addition, Bay Networks provides a hub version of the ATM ARE ILI pair, the
Model 5780 ATM router. This single hub module, incorporating the ILI functions
of both the link module and processor module, resides in a System 5000 chassis.
Refer to Using the Model 5780 ATM Router for more information.
Both ILI pairs and the Model 5780 ATM router are functionally similar, and you
configure them in much the same way. Unless otherwise noted, the remainder of
this guide treats both ILI pairs and the Model 5780 as if they were the same.
Depending on the ATM router type, you can connect directly to an ATM network
over any of the following physical interfaces:
•
Synchronous Optical Network/Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
(SONET/SDH)
•
Digital Service level 3 (DS-3)
•
E-3 (the European equivalent of the North American DS-3)
This means that any of the ATM routers convert variable-length packets into
uniform, 53-byte cells for transmission over the ATM network.
114056 Rev. A
2-5
Configuring ATM Services
Although we use raw bandwidth to describe line rates, inherent overhead within
the media limits maximum bandwidth for the line. Use Table 2-1 to determine the
maximum bandwidth for the media you are using.
Table 2-1.
Maximum Bandwidth
Media
Raw
Bandwidth (Mb/s)
Maximum
Bandwidth (Mb/s)
Maximum
Cells/s
OC-3 SONET/SDH
155
149.76
353207
DS-3
44.736
40.704
96000
E-3 (G.832 Framing)
34.368
33.920
80000
E-3 (G.751 Framing)
34.368
30.528
72000
ATM Layer
The B-ISDN protocol reference model, on which ATM is based, consists of four
layers. Each layer communicates only with the layers directly above it or directly
below it. Figure 2-4 shows the B-ISDN ATM protocol reference model.
Higher Protocol Layer
Convergence sublayer (CS)
Segmentation and reassembly sublayer (SAR)
ATM
adaptation
layer
(AAL)
ATM Layer
Transmission convergence sublayer
Physical medium dependent sublayer (PMD)
Physical
layer
(PHY)
ATM0003A
Figure 2-4.
2-6
B-ISDN ATM Protocol Reference Model
114056 Rev. A
Understanding ATM Concepts
The following layers relate directly to how Bay Networks routers support ATM:
•
•
ATM layer
ATM adaptation layer (AAL)
The ATM layer defines how two nodes transmit information between them. It is
concerned with the format and size of the cells and the contents of the headers.
The addresses of the cells are meaningful only to the two adjacent local nodes
(that is, usually not to the end nodes).
The ATM adaptation layer (AAL) converts higher-layer protocol data into formats
that are compatible with the requirements of the ATM layer, enabling ATM to
handle different types of information all within the same format.
The AAL is divided into two sublayers: the convergence sublayer (CS) and the
segmentation and reassembly (SAR) sublayer. These two sublayers convert
variable-length messages into 48-byte segments, while ensuring the integrity of
the data.
The CCITT (now ITU-T) has defined different types of AALs to handle different
kinds of traffic. Bay Networks ATM routers support AAL 5.
ATM Adaptation Layer (AAL5)
Bay Networks ATM routers support a CS function compatible with AAL 5, as
defined in Section 1 of the CCITT (now ITU-T) B-ISDN Protocol Reference
Model (PRM).
In AAL 5, only a trailer attaches to the data from the higher layer protocols to
create a CS PDU. AAL 5 divides the PDU into a 48-octet SAR PDU; however, it
does not add an SAR header and trailer. This 48-octet SAR PDU becomes the
payload of the ATM cell (Figure 2-5).
114056 Rev. A
2-7
Configuring ATM Services
Service data unit (SDU)
Service
class
AAL 5
Convergence
sublayer
Trailer
AAL
layer
AAL 5
SAR
layer
ATM
layer
SDU
SAR PDU
SAR PDU
SAR PDU
ATM cell
ATM cell
ATM cell
Note: AAL 5 does not attach an SAR header or trailer to the PDU.
ATM0005A
Figure 2-5.
ATM Adaptation Layer 5
Service Records and Virtual Circuits
ATM devices communicate using virtual circuits. These VCs transmit and receive
ATM cells containing upper-layer protocols. Bay Networks ATM routers use
service records to provide a way of creating logical interfaces (within the physical
ATM interface) for these upper-layer protocols. In essence, these service records
allow you to
2-8
•
Organize multiple VCs into logical groups
•
Create direct, point-to-point connections
•
Assign, delete, and modify upper-layer protocols for just one PVC, or for a
group of VCs, at any given time
114056 Rev. A
Understanding ATM Concepts
Data Encapsulation
Bay Networks ATM routers support multiprotocol encapsulation (as defined in
RFC 1483), enabling the router to multiplex (combine) and demultiplex (separate)
bridged or routed protocol data units (PDUs).
For transmission, the encapsulation process adds a header between two and eight
octets in length to the PDU to allow decoding. The decoding process determines
the proper service access point (SAP).
When receiving information, the encapsulation method evaluates the header to
determine whether the PDU is a valid routed or bridged cell. If it is valid, the
encapsulation method then strips the header from the cell and passes it to the
appropriate SAP for routing or bridging.
You can choose from four data encapsulation types: LANE, LLC/SNAP, NLPID,
and NULL. How you assign a data encapsulation type and which data
encapsulation type takes precedence depends on the virtual circuit type and, for
PVCs, the order in which you assign the encapsulation type.
Encapsulation Methods
Each ATM device must encapsulate PDUs before sending them to the SAR
sublayer.
LANE
LANE provides Ethernet (IEEE 802.3) encapsulation of ATM PDUs for
transmission over an emulated LAN. You can assign LANE to SVCs only.
LLC/SNAP Encapsulation
Logical Link Control / Subnetwork Access Protocol (LLC/SNAP; RFC 1294)
allows multiplexing of multiple protocols over a single ATM virtual circuit. In this
approach, an IEEE 802.2 Logical Link Control (LLC) header prefixes each PDU.
You can assign LLC/SNAP encapsulation to
•
114056 Rev. A
PVC service records
2-9
Configuring ATM Services
•
SVC service records
•
Individual PVCs
Note: Assigning LLC/SNAP to an SVC service record automatically invokes
the technology defined in RFC 1577, Classical IP and ARP over ATM.
NULL Encapsulation
RFC 1483 refers to this method as “VC-based multiplexing.” This method
performs higher-layer protocol multiplexing implicitly using ATM virtual circuits.
You can assign NULL encapsulation to
•
PVC service records
•
SVC service records
•
Individual PVCs (that are also members of an LLC/SNAP service record)
Note: Assigning NULL to an SVC service record automatically invokes the
technology defined in RFC 1577, Classical IP and ARP over ATM.
NLPID Encapsulation
Originally developed for Frame Relay networks, you can use Network Layer
Protocol ID (NLPID; RFC 1490) in an ATM environment for Frame Relay/ATM
internetworking. You can assign NLPID encapsulation to PVC service records.
Selecting a Data Encapsulation Method
Generally speaking, the designers of these data encapsulation methods envisioned
that NULL encapsulation would dominate in environments where dynamic
creation of large numbers of ATM VCs is fast and economical. These conditions
usually exist in private ATM networks.
LLC/SNAP encapsulation is an alternative for environments in which it is not
practical to have a separate VC for each carried protocol (for example, if the ATM
network supports only PVCs, or if charging depends heavily on the number of
simultaneous virtual circuits).
2-10
114056 Rev. A
Understanding ATM Concepts
The choice of multiplexing methods that two ATM stations use to exchange
connectionless network traffic depends on the type of virtual circuit involved:
•
For PVCs, you select the multiplexing method when you manually configure
the connection.
•
For SVCs, the stations themselves negotiate the multiplexing method by
sending B-ISDN signaling messages. These messages include “low-layer
compatibility” information that allows negotiation of AAL5 and the carried
(encapsulation) protocol.
Note: Routed and bridged PDUs are always encapsulated within the payload
field of the AAL5 CPCS PDU, regardless of the selected multiplexing method.
LLC/SNAP Encapsulation
When the same virtual circuit carries several protocols, select LLC/SNAP
encapsulation. LLC/SNAP encapsulation attaches an LLC/SNAP header before
the PDU. This header includes information that the receiver needs to properly
process the incoming PDU. For bridged PDUs, this header also includes the type
of the bridged media.
NULL Encapsulation (VC-Based Multiplexing)
In NULL encapsulation, the carried network protocol is identified implicitly by
the virtual circuit connecting the two ATM stations. Because each protocol must
travel over a separate virtual circuit, there is no need to include explicit
multiplexing information in the payload of the PDU. This means that the
bandwidth requirements and processing overhead remain minimal.
You can either manually configure the carried protocol or let the signaling
procedures negotiate it dynamically during call establishment.
NULL encapsulation cells do not receive a header in a routed environment. In a
bridged environment, the content of the PDU itself includes the necessary
information for bridging the multiplexed protocols.
114056 Rev. A
2-11
Configuring ATM Services
Encapsulation Rules for PVCs
How you assign data encapsulation to individual PVCs depends somewhat on the
data encapsulation type you have assigned to the service record that contains those
PVCs. Table 2-2 provides suggestions for assigning data encapsulation to PVCs
and Hybrid PVCs that reside on these service records.
Table 2-2.
Assigning Data Encapsulation to Individual PVCs
Service Record data
encapsulation type
Individual PVC data
encapsulation type
Hybrid PVC data
encapsulation type
LLC/SNAP
NULL or LLC/SNAP
LLC/SNAP
NULL
NULL or LLC/SNAP
LLC/SNAP
NLPID
NLPID
NLPID
When assigning a data encapsulation type to a PVC or group of PVCs, keep the
following in mind:
•
The Site Manager ATM Service Records List and ATM Virtual Channel Link
windows initially contain a default data encapsulation type of LLC/SNAP.
•
When you add a PVC, it reads and uses the data encapsulation type specified
in its ATM service record.
•
You can globally assign a data encapsulation type to all nonhybrid PVCs in a
particular service record, or you can assign a data encapsulation type to
individual group PVCs using the Site Manager ATM Virtual Channel Link
window.
Caution: Changing the data encapsulation type at the service record level
changes the data encapsulation type for all nonhybrid PVCs on that service
record. For example, if you change the ATM service record data encapsulation
type from LLC/SNAP to NULL, the data encapsulation type for all PVCs
(except hybrid PVCs) on that service record changes to NULL. Site Manager
does not ask you to verify this change.
•
2-12
If you change the data encapsulation value in the Site Manager ATM Service
Records List window, all new PVCs that you add to that service record use the
new value.
114056 Rev. A
Understanding ATM Concepts
•
You must assign a data encapsulation type to hybrid mode PVCs individually,
using the Site Manager ATM Virtual Channel Link window. You cannot assign
data encapsulation to a hybrid mode PVC using the service record.
•
When you use the copy function, the new PVC uses the data encapsulation
type of the existing PVC.
PVC Access Methods
You can set up PVCs to access an ATM network in the following ways:
•
Multiple PVCs per service record
•
One PVC per service record
•
Hybrid access PVCs
Multiple PVCs
Upper-layer protocols treat each service record on an ATM network interface as a
single access point. These protocols use a single network address to send all traffic
destined for the network to the ATM network interface. Figure 2-6 shows a
conceptual drawing of multiple PVCs accessing an ATM network through one
service record.
ATM
physical
interface
Site A
Service
record
Upper layer
protocol
Service
record
PVC
PVC
PVC
Site B
ATM
network
PVC
PVC
Site C
Site D
Site E
ATM0018A
Figure 2-6.
114056 Rev. A
Multiple PVCs per Service Record
2-13
Configuring ATM Services
Of the different methods, having multiple PVCs per service record uses network
addressing most efficiently, and is the easiest to configure.
Although you need to configure each PVC manually, you need only define and
associate protocols with the ATM network service record. All the PVCs that you
configure for a given ATM service record carry the protocols that you select and
configure to run on that service record.
Note: When you configure multiple PVCs per service record, the PVCs all use
the data encapsulation type that you set for the ATM service record (that is, the
value of the Data Encapsulation Type parameter set in the ATM Service
Records List window). Refer to “Data Encapsulation,” earlier in this chapter,
for more information.
Multiple PVCs per service record works best in either fully meshed environments
or in nonmeshed environments where systems not directly connected to each other
have no need to communicate. You can configure multiple PVCs per service
record as long as you do not need to separate protocols by PVC (that is, all PVCs
accept the same protocols).
There are, however, ways to configure upper-layer protocols, such as IP or
Internet Packet Exchange (IPX), to allow systems in nonmeshed networks to fully
communicate. See the documentation for these upper-layer protocols for more
information.
One PVC
One PVC per service record works the same way as multiple PVCs per service
record, except that you assign only one PVC per service record. When you define
only one PVC per service record, upper-layer protocols treat the ATM network as
a series of direct, point-to-point connections, viewing each PVC as an individual
network interface.
You can, therefore, configure each PVC with different protocols and parameter
settings. This allows you to connect to different network sites using, for example,
different types of data encapsulation (Figure 2-7).
2-14
114056 Rev. A
Understanding ATM Concepts
ATM
physical
interface
Upper layer
protocol
Service
record
PVC
Service
record
PVC
ATM
network
Site A
Site B
ATM0020A
Figure 2-7.
One PVC per Service Record
Assigning one PVC per service record allows you to dedicate a PVC to a
particular protocol, but at the expense of some configuration overhead, memory,
and address space.
This type of configuration is best suited to small, nonmeshed configurations, or to
configurations in which protocols must reside on separate PVCs.
Note: The maximum number of PVCs you can configure in this way varies,
depending on the configuration of the router, the number of protocols running
on the circuits, and the number of routing entries.
Hybrid Access
PVCs do not typically allow for bridging in nonmeshed environments. If your
network combines bridging and routing over the same interface, you need to use
the service record portion of each PVC for routing, while at the same time allow
bridging to operate. To do this, you must define the PVC as a hybrid/bridged VC.
Defining the PVC as a hybrid/bridged VC allows the bridge to view each PVC as
a separate bridge interface while allowing the routing protocols to view all PVCs
as part of the same interface (Figure 2-8).
114056 Rev. A
2-15
Configuring ATM Services
Use hybrid PVCs when creating nonmeshed network configurations that use both
bridging and routing over a single ATM interface. These PVCs work best for
spanning tree bridging.
Bridge protocol sees two interfaces
to the network
ATM
network interface
Direction of data
Hybrid PVC
Routing
protocol
SITE A
I
I
ATM
Network
Bridge
protocol
I
Hybrid PVC
SITE B
Routing protocol sees
one interface to the network
I = Interface
ATM0012A
Figure 2-8.
Hybrid PVCs
Note: When you define a PVC as a hybrid/bridged VC, Site Manager provides
additional Bridge, Spanning Tree, and Native Mode LAN (NML) protocol
options. These protocols run on the PVC along with the protocols defined in
the ATM service record.
Using Hybrid PVCs for Transparent Bridging
In Figure 2-9, traffic bridges between Site A and Site B. The bridge (Router 1) is
running on the ATM network interface, and its PVCs are not defined as
hybrid/bridged VCs.
2-16
114056 Rev. A
Understanding ATM Concepts
Site A
Site B
Router 2
Bridge port sees one
path to Sites A and B
A
C
Router 1
E
ATM
network
Router 3
B
D
F
ATM0013A
Figure 2-9.
Example of a Bridged Network
In this example, the bridge receives data from Site A. If the bridge does not
recognize the destination address, it tries to direct traffic through another bridge
port. However, since the PVCs are not defined as hybrid/bridged VCs, the ATM
bridge port views the paths to Site A and Site B as the same.
A bridge does not send out the same data over the bridge port from which it just
received the data. This means that the bridge cannot direct the data to Site B. To
resolve this problem, you need to designate the PVCs as hybrid/bridged VCs.
If you define the PVCs as hybrid VCs (refer to Figure 2-8), each PVC acts as a
separate bridge port. This enables the bridge running on the ATM interface to view
the traffic from Site A as arriving on a different port than that of Site B. When the
bridge sends out data, it now has access to all its ports, including the port that
accesses Site B. Therefore, data from Site A can reach Site B.
114056 Rev. A
2-17
Configuring ATM Services
SVC Access Methods
SVCs use signaling messages to dynamically establish, maintain, and clear a
switched virtual connection at the UNI. These messages (as defined by the Q.2931
standard for signaling protocol) allow the router to assess the availability of an
ATM endpoint (device), establish a connection with that device, maintain that
connection for the duration of data transfer, and then clear the connection when
the transfer is complete.
ATM Traffic Parameters
The ATM User-Network Interface Specification defines several traffic parameters
including
•
Peak Cell Rate (PCR) -- The upper traffic rate limit for an individual VC
•
Sustainable Cell Rate (SCR) -- The upper bound on the conforming average
rate of an individual PVC or Control VC
where
Average rate = The number of cells transmitted over the link divided by the
duration of the connection
Duration of the connection = The total amount of time it takes from
connection setup to connection release
•
Maximum Burst Size (MBS) -- The maximum length of a cell stream allowed
on a particular VC
These parameters help to prioritize and control the traffic on each VC. For more
information about each of these traffic parameters and how to customize them,
refer to Chapter 7.
How you assign your ATM traffic parameters depends on
2-18
•
The characteristics of the individual connections that you want to set up (for
example, the desired maximum cell rate, average cell rate, and burst size)
•
The bit-rate method -- variable or available -- that the ATM ILI pair uses
114056 Rev. A
Understanding ATM Concepts
You can change your ATM traffic parameters several times before deciding on a
particular set. This section explains the different traffic parameters and provides
some basic guidelines for customizing traffic parameters on an ATM PVC or ATM
Control VC (that is, the signaling VC or interim local management interface VC).
Note: You do not need to manually configure traffic parameters for SVCs (as
you must for PVCs and Control VCs), because SVCs dynamically negotiate
these parameters before transferring data.
Variable Bit Rate Versus Available Bit Rate
Bay Networks currently provides the following ATM ILI pairs:
•
An ATM FRE2 link module in conjunction with a FRE2 processor
•
An ARE link module in conjunction with an ARE processor
Either ILI pair allows the router to connect directly to an ATM network over an
ATM physical interface. However, depending on the ATM ILI pair, the method of
determining bandwidth varies.
Variable Bit Rate
ATM FRE2 ILI pairs use variable bit rate (VBR) to determine bandwidth
allocation. VBR allows the VC to accumulate credits whenever it does not use any
bandwidth within its specified average. When this VC does use bandwidth, the
accumulated credits allow it to transmit using the Peak Cell Rate (PCR).
Available Bit Rate
ATM ARE ILI pairs use available bit rate (ABR) to determine bandwidth
allocation. ABR is a method by which the bandwidth is separated into a
guaranteed portion (for PVCs and control VCs) and an available portion (for data
SVCs).
Note: Bay Networks does not currently incorporate ABR congestion control
features as defined by the ATM Forum.
114056 Rev. A
2-19
Configuring ATM Services
Rules for Editing Protocols
Though specific protocol windows appear when you first add and define a service
record, you must follow a few specific rules when editing protocols.
Depending on the type of virtual circuit you are using, Site Manager requires you
to add additional protocols, or delete and edit existing protocols, using specific
protocol menus.
Use Table 2-3 to locate the appropriate protocol menu for each access mode.
Table 2-3.
Locating and Using Protocol Menus
Menu Location
ATM Service Record List window
ATM Virtual Channel Link window
*
†
PVCs and SVCs
✔*†
Hybrid PVCs Only
✔†
✔*
For nonbridging protocols.
For bridging protocols.
Remember, hybrid PVCs use their service record configurations for nonbridging
protocols and their individual configurations for their bridging protocols.
ARP and Inverse ARP Support
ATM supports address resolution protocol (ARP), enabling the router to
dynamically resolve IP network layer protocol-to-VPI/VCI address mappings.
ATM learns the address of the virtual circuit by detecting the virtual circuit that
delivered the ARP response.
ATM also supports Inverse ARP. However, you can use Inverse ARP only if both
the local and remote router support it.
Bay Networks uses both proprietary and standard ARP and Inverse ARP for PVCs
that run IP. Which method the PVC uses depends on how you configure the
address resolution parameter for the IP interface. Refer to Configuring IP Services
for additional information about the IP address resolution parameter.
Bay Networks uses standard ARP and Inverse ARP for SVCs running Classical IP
(RFC 1577) and SVCs running LAN emulation.
2-20
114056 Rev. A
Understanding ATM Concepts
ATM Error Checking
ATM verifies that the VPI/VCI is valid with respect to the PVCs configured for the
ATM circuit. It also verifies the header format. ATM verifies valid SVC
connection through signaling messages.
Simulated Multicast Packet Support
Simulated multicasting is generally used in certain address resolution techniques
and for applications that require the delivery of identical information to multiple
recipients. Bay Networks ATM routers simulate multicasting by sending a copy of
the multicast or broadcast packet to every available virtual circuit on a particular
logical interface.
Converting Mb/s to Cells/s
Several ATM traffic parameters require you to enter values in cells per second
(cells/s). To convert to cells/s, divide the number of bits/s by 424 (the number of
bits per ATM cell).
Number of bits/second
Number of bits/ATM cell
=
Number of cells/second
=
235,849 cells/s
For example:
100,000,000 bits/s
424 bits/cell
ATM0021A
114056 Rev. A
2-21
Configuring ATM Services
Example of an ATM Network
An ATM network often contains components -- both hardware and software -- that
provide various forms of connectivity or necessary management functions. This
section
•
Illustrates how Bay Networks ATM hardware and software components
logically fit together within a sample ATM network
•
Provides basic functional descriptions of the ATM hardware and software
components used in the sample network
This sample network (Figure 2-10) consists of all the components necessary to
fully operate an ATM network. Depending on how you configure the individual
hardware and software components, you can run standard ATM PVCs and SVCs,
configure logical IP subnets using RFC 1577, and create virtual LANs (VLANs)
using LAN emulation.
2-22
114056 Rev. A
Understanding ATM Concepts
ATM LAN Emulation
Domain1
Centillion 100 Switch
(acting as LECS,
LES, and BUS)
Centillion 100
Switches
(acting as LECs)
ATM Control Software
CMS
LECS MCS
LES
BUS
Optivity
LAN
ATM Router
(Backbone Node)
LattisCell
Switches
ATM LAN Emulation
Domain 2
EtherCell
EtherCell
Key
Control Software Connection
IISP Connection (ATM NNI)
ATM NNI Connection
ATM UNI Connection
Connections to Legacy LANs
ATM0036A
Figure 2-10.
114056 Rev. A
Sample ATM Network
2-23
Configuring ATM Services
Hardware Devices
Bay Networks provides various ATM hardware devices, each of which provides a
different form of access within the ATM network. The ATM sample network in
this appendix uses the following ATM hardware devices:
•
LattisCell switches
•
EtherCell switch
•
Centillion 100 switch
•
Backbone Node containing an ATM ILI pair
In addition to the Bay Networks equipment, the example requires UNIX
workstations to operate ATM network control software.
Function of the LattisCell Switch
Working in conjunction with network control software, the LattisCell switch acts
as the backbone of the ATM network (refer to Figure 2-10). Multiple LattisCells
can interconnect using network-to-network interface (NNI) links. These
interconnecting LattisCells form larger ATM networks called ATM domains.
In addition to linking together with other switches, the LattisCell can also connect
to user-to-network interface (UNI) clients. UNI clients (for example, routers,
hubs, servers, and workstations equipped with ATM interfaces) reside on the edge
of an ATM network. Some of these UNI clients (that is, the routers, hubs, and
servers) can connect to other local or wide area networks.
For additional information regarding LattisCell features and how to install and use
the LattisCell, refer to Using the Model 101xx LattisCell ATM Switch.
Function of the EtherCell Switch
The EtherCell Ethernet-to-ATM switch connects existing Ethernet networks or
endstations to ATM networks using high-speed data switching. This device
supports twelve 10Base-T Ethernet interfaces and one ATM SONET/SDH
(155 Mb/s) UNI interface.
The EtherCell performs the following five primary functions:
2-24
•
Registers its interfaces with the Connection Management System (CMS)
•
Sets up and clears calls through the CMS
114056 Rev. A
Understanding ATM Concepts
•
Segments Ethernet packets into ATM cells
•
Reassembles ATM cells into Ethernet packets
•
Communicates with the multicast server (MCS) to coordinate virtual LAN
configuration
For additional information regarding EtherCell features and how to install and use
the EtherCell, refer to Using the Model 10328-X EtherCell Ethernet-to-ATM
Switch.
Function of the Centillion 100 Switch
The Centillion 100 integrates LAN switching and ATM to address a wide range of
requirements that currently exist in LAN environments:
•
Improving server performance by giving it a dedicated, switched-LAN port
•
Segmenting congested LAN segments
•
Concentrating multiple segments into a router
•
Replacing multiple bridges
•
Creating a multigigabit collapsed backbone
The Centillion 100 has an ATM switching backplane and a modular chassis that
can accommodate up to six switch modules. Each switch module has multiple
LAN interface and switching hardware that switches traffic among the local LAN
ports. The only traffic that traverses the ATM backplane is the traffic destined for
ports on a different switch module. The Centillion 100 supports parallel switching
operations to maximize throughput.
The Centillion 100 supports three types of switch modules:
•
TokenSpeed, a token ring switch module with four shielded twisted pair
(STP), unshielded twisted pair (UTP), or fiber optic (either 16 Mb/s or
4 Mb/s) ports
•
ATMSpeed/155, an ATM switch module with two ATM OC-3c (155 Mb/s)
ports
•
EtherSpeed, an Ethernet switch module with sixteen 10 Base-T (10 Mb/s)
ports
For additional information regarding Centillion 100 features and how to install
and use the Centillion 100, refer to Centillion 100 Installation and Configuration.
114056 Rev. A
2-25
Configuring ATM Services
Function of the Router ATM ILI Pair
ATM router link modules interact with specific processor modules to form ILI
pairs. These ILI pairs provide the connection and processing that allows the router
to connect directly to an ATM network and route information to other local or
wide area networks that it supports.
Bay Networks currently provides the following ATM ILI pairs:
•
An ATM FRE2 link module in conjunction with a FRE2 processor
•
An ARE link module in conjunction with an ARE processor
Both ILI pairs are functionally similar and you configure them in generally the
same way.
Understanding the Configuration and Control Software
The sample ATM network consists of various control software components. Each
of these components provides a necessary function within the ATM network.
Role of Site Manager
Site Manager software allows you to configure and monitor routing services (in
this case, between emulated LANs or logical IP subnets) for ATM FRE2 ILI pairs,
ATM ARE ILI pairs, and Model 5780 ATM routers. For general information about
how to use Site Manager, refer to Using Site Manager Software.
Role of SpeedView
SpeedView software allows you to configure and monitor the Centillion 100
switch. For additional information about SpeedView software, refer to
Centillion 100 Installation and Configuration.
Role of the CMS
The ATM CMS software provides connection services within the ATM network.
Functions of the CMS include
2-26
•
Managing call setup, maintenance, and clearing within a switch domain
•
Negotiating network resources, a network path, and bandwidth prior to
sending ATM traffic
114056 Rev. A
Understanding ATM Concepts
•
Ensuring that the required network resources, network path, and minimum
bandwidth exist prior to sending ATM traffic
•
Automatically sending calls along available paths and, in the event of a
network fault, rerouting any new calls
•
Collecting, combining, and filtering network management information before
sending it to the Optivity LAN 7.0 software
•
Providing a central boot server location for a switch and other devices within
the network
•
Supporting ILMI, signaling (Q.2931 and Q.SAAL), Quality of Service (QoS),
and Connection Admission Control (CAC) traffic management services as
defined within the ATM Forum ATM User-Network Interface Specification
(Version 3.0)
Role of the MCS
The MCS software allows LANE services to operate over an ATM network. The
MCS software provides the following LANE services:
•
Virtual LAN definition and management
•
MAC address-to-ATM address resolution for attached LANE clients
•
Broadcast and multicast support for attached LANE clients
Role of Optivity LAN 7.0
The Optivity LAN 7.0 software provides management for any switch (including
the EtherCell, LattisCell, and switch modules in the System 5000), link, or client
in the ATM network.
Optivity LAN 7.0 obtains information from the CMS, MCS, or switches to
display real-time views of the entire ATM network. These views provide the
network manager with ATM monitoring and control information at both the
switch and port level.
Refer to Using Optivity LAN 7.0 for UNIX and associated release notes for more
information about using the Optivity LAN 7.0 software in an ATM network.
114056 Rev. A
2-27
Configuring ATM Services
For More Information
For more information about ATM, refer to the following documents:
ATM Forum. ATM User-Network Interface Specification. Version 3.0. September
1993.
ATM Forum. LAN Emulation Over ATM. Version 1.0. January 1995.
Bellcore Document SR-NWT-001763, Issue 1. Preliminary Report on Broadband
ISDN Transfer Protocols. December 1990.
———, FA-NWT-001109. Broadband ISDN Transport Network Elements
Framework Generic Criteria. December 1990.
———, FA-NWT-001110. Broadband ISDN Switching System Framework
Generic Criteria. December 1990.
De Prycker, M. Asynchronous Transfer Mode: Solution for Broadband ISDN.
Ellis Horwood Limited, 1991.
Grossman, D., Hoffman, E., Liaw, F., Malis, A., Mankin, A., and Perez, M. ATM
Signaling Support for IP over ATM. RFC 1755. Network Working Group.
February 1995.
Handel, R. and Huber, M. Integrated Broadband Networks: An Introduction to
ATM-Based Networks. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley Publishing
Company, 1991.
Heinanen, J. Multiprotocol Encapsulation over ATM Adaptation Layer 5.
RFC 1483. Network Working Group. July 1993.
ITU-T. B-ISDN – ATM Adaptation Layer – Service Specific Connection Oriented
Protocol (SSCOP). Final Draft. March 10, 1994.
Laubach, M. Classical IP and ARP over ATM. RFC 1577. Network Working
Group. January 1994.
2-28
114056 Rev. A
Understanding ATM Concepts
Where to Go Next
Use the following table to determine where you want to go next.
114056 Rev. A
For information about
Go to
Starting ATM
Chapter 1
General Classical IP over ATM information
Chapter 3
General LAN emulation information
Chapter 4
Customizing an ATM line
Chapter 5
Customizing an ATM interface or service record
Chapter 6
Customizing PVCs
Chapter 7
Customizing a LAN emulation client
Chapter 8
Customizing signaling
Chapter 9
Customizing ILMI
Chapter 10
Customizing signaling and ILMI control VCs
Chapter 11
Customizing SAAL
Chapter 12
Accessing Site Manager parameters
Appendix A
Site Manager defaults
Appendix B
ATM log files
Appendix C
2-29
Chapter 3
Understanding Classical IP over ATM Concepts
RFC 1577, Classical IP and ARP over ATM, describes an administrative entity
within an ATM network called a logical IP subnet (LIS). Each ATM LIS consists
of multiple network devices -- hosts and routers -- connected to the ATM network
and configured with interfaces to the same IP subnetwork.
Each LIS operates and communicates independently of every other LIS in an
ATM network. A host connected to an ATM network communicates directly with
other hosts in its own LIS. To communicate with hosts in another LIS, the host
must use an IP router. This router can connect to multiple LISs.
An ATM LIS must meet the following requirements:
•
All members of the LIS (hosts and routers) must have the same IP network/
subnet number and address mask.
•
All members must be directly connected to the ATM network, using SVCs.
•
All members must access hosts outside the LIS through a router.
•
All members must be able to communicate by means of ATM with every other
member of the LIS (that is, the virtual connection topology must be fully
meshed).
An ATM LIS can replace an IP LAN. In Figure 3-1, for example, three IP host
systems and an IP router have interfaces to an Ethernet LAN. To communicate
with each other on the LAN, the devices use the MAC addresses of the LAN that
they obtain using the ARP or by static configuration. For communications beyond
the LAN, the devices use IP addresses.
114056 Rev. A
3-1
Configuring ATM Services
Router
140.250.200.1
00 00A2 00 00 01
140.250.200.0
Host
B
Host
A
140.250.200.2
00 00A2 00 10 20
140.250.200.3
00 00A2 00 10 30
Host
C
140.250.200.4
00 00A2 00 10 40
ATM0035A
Figure 3-1.
IP Local Area Network
In Figure 3-2, an ATM network replaces the LAN interfaces, creating a LIS. For
communications within the LIS, the devices use ATM addresses obtained using
ATMARP; for communications beyond the LIS, the devices use IP addresses.
For example, to send a message to Host B, Host A uses Host B’s ATM address. To
send a message to a host beyond the LIS, Host A uses an IP address to identify the
remote host and sends the message to the local router, using the router’s ATM
address. The router forwards the message.
3-2
114056 Rev. A
Understanding Classical IP over ATM Concepts
ATMARP client
Router A
ATM network
ATMARP server
Router A
Host
A
Host
B
Host
C
Key
SVC supporting ATM LIS
ATM0037A
Figure 3-2.
IP Logical IP Subnet
ATM Address Resolution
An address resolution protocol defines a mechanism that enables an IP router to
use the IP address of a network device to learn the physical address of that device.
An Ethernet LAN uses ARP as its address resolution scheme. A LIS uses an
address resolution scheme called ATMARP as defined by RFC 1577.
On a LAN, defined as a broadcast medium, a router obtains the physical address
of a network device by broadcasting an ARP request. In a LIS, which uses a
nonbroadcast ATM medium, a router sends an ATMARP request to an ATMARP
server.
Each IP interface on the LIS opens a VC to the ATMARP server and registers its
IP address and ATM address (Figure 3-2). Using this information, the server
builds and maintains a table that maps LIS IP addresses to ATM addresses.
114056 Rev. A
3-3
Configuring ATM Services
A router that needs the ATM address of a host on the LIS sends an ATMARP
request to the server. When the server returns a response containing the address,
the router extracts the ATM address of the host from the response and opens an
SVC directly to the host using ATM UNI signaling.
If the server does not have an entry for the requested IP address, it returns a
negative acknowledgment, signifying that the destination is unreachable.
Configuring an ATM Service Record for ATMARP
When configuring a service record to act as an ATMARP client or server:
•
Define a Classical IP service record
-- Specify SVC as the virtual circuit type for the service record. All network
devices on a LIS must connect over SVCs.
-- Specify LLC/SNAP or NULL as the encapsulation type for the service
record. RFC 1577 defines LLC/SNAP as the encapsulation type for
ATMARP.
Note: For more information on how to create an SVC service record to run
Classical IP, refer to Chapter 1.
•
Add IP and IP routing protocols to the circuit.
•
Configure ATMARP to run on the router as a client or a server.
Note: For full compatibility with RFC 1577, you may have to specify a
maximum transmission unit (MTU) size of 9188 bytes. Refer to Configuring
Line Services for additional information about setting the MTU size.
3-4
114056 Rev. A
Understanding Classical IP over ATM Concepts
For your convenience, Appendix A describes ATM-specific IP parameters
necessary for Classical IP ATMARP operation over ATM. Refer to “ATMARP
Configuration Parameter Descriptions” for details.
Note: If you remove and replace a link module that is configured to act as an
ATMARP client, the client loses connectivity until the ATMARP Server Reg
Interval parameter for that client expires (900-second default). This occurs
only when the client is configured to autogenerate the ATM address user part
(refer to Chapter 6 for additional information on autogenerating ATM
addresses).
Configuring an ATM Address for an Adjacent Host
An adjacent host is a network device on the local LIS. You must configure an ATM
address for all hosts on the LIS that do not use ATMARP.
Appendix A describes ATM-specific IP parameters for creating adjacent hosts in a
Classical IP over ATM environment. Refer to “Adjacent Host Parameter
Descriptions” for details.
Refer to Configuring IP Services for more information about adding, editing, and
deleting adjacent hosts.
Editing an ATMARP IP Interface
After you configure ATMARP on an IP interface, you can modify characteristics
of the client or server by editing ATM-specific IP parameters.
Appendix A describes ATM-specific IP parameters necessary for Classical IP
operation within an ATM environment. Refer to “IP Interface Parameter
Descriptions” for details.
114056 Rev. A
3-5
Configuring ATM Services
Where to Go Next
Use the following table to determine where you want to go next.
3-6
For information about
Go to
Starting ATM
Chapter 1
General ATM information
Chapter 2
General LAN emulation information
Chapter 4
Customizing an ATM line
Chapter 5
Customizing an ATM interface or service record
Chapter 6
Customizing PVCs
Chapter 7
Customizing a LAN emulation client
Chapter 8
Customizing signaling
Chapter 9
Customizing ILMI
Chapter 10
Customizing signaling and ILMI control VCs
Chapter 11
Customizing SAAL
Chapter 12
Accessing Site Manager parameters
Appendix A
Site Manager defaults
Appendix B
ATM log files
Appendix C
114056 Rev. A
Chapter 4
Understanding ATM LAN Emulation Concepts
This chapter provides general information about LAN emulation as described by
the ATM Forum. For more information about LAN emulation, refer to the ATM
Forum document LAN Emulation Over ATM (Version 1.0).
Refer to Chapter 8 for instructions on how to customize LAN emulation on your
ATM router.
LAN Emulation Basics
LAN emulation allows virtual communication of traditional LAN devices and
applications over an ATM network. An ATM network can run one or more
emulated LANs. However, each emulated LAN is independent of the others and
devices cannot communicate directly across emulated LAN boundaries.
Note: Communication between emulated LANs is possible through routers
and bridges only (possibly implemented on the same endstation).
LAN Emulation Connectivity
An emulated LAN can provide Ethernet (IEEE 802.3) or Token Ring
(IEEE 802.5) connectivity. With an emulated Ethernet or Token Ring network
over ATM, software applications can interact as if they were connected to a
traditional LAN.
Note: Bay Networks currently supports only Ethernet (IEEE 802.3) emulated
LAN connectivity.
114056 Rev. A
4-1
Configuring ATM Services
LAN Emulation Components
Each ATM domain contains a LAN emulation configuration server and each
emulated LAN comprises a group of LAN emulation clients, a LAN emulation
server (LES) and a broadcast and unknown server (BUS). These servers provide
specific LAN emulation services.
LAN Emulation Clients
The LAN emulation client (LE client or LEC) is the interface, or virtual portion of
an interface, through which an endstation forwards data, resolves addresses, and
provides other control functions. The LE client provides the MAC-level emulated
Ethernet or Token Ring service interface to the higher-level software. It also
controls the LAN emulation UNI (LUNI) interface when communicating with
other devices on the emulated LAN.
LAN Emulation Configuration Server
The LAN emulation configuration server (LECS) assigns individual LE clients to
different emulated LANs. The LECS does this by giving the client the ATM
address of the LAN emulation server (LES). This method allows you to assign a
client to an emulated LAN based on the client’s physical location (ATM address)
or the identity of a LAN destination it represents.
The LE client uses the configuration protocol to obtain information from the
LECS. This configuration protocol allows the LE client to locate the LES and set
up a bidirectional, control direct virtual channel connection. The LE client
automatically obtains all of the necessary configuration data (including the LES
address) from the LECS.
4-2
114056 Rev. A
Understanding ATM LAN Emulation Concepts
LAN Emulation Server
The LES controls and coordinates LE client access to the emulated LAN. When
an LE client joins an emulated LAN, it registers its ATM address with the LES.
When it obtains the ATM address of the LE client, the LES also obtains the
physical location of the LE client (from the MAC address or route descriptor).
Having both the ATM addresses and the physical locations of all LE clients on the
emulated LAN allows the LES to coordinate access among LE clients. In other
words, other LE clients query the LES to obtain the ATM address associated with
a specific MAC address or a route descriptor. After an LE client receives the ATM
address of the LE client it wants to reach, the individual clients communicate
directly.
Broadcast and Unknown Server
To emulate a traditional LAN, the emulated LAN must provide the connectionless
data delivery characteristics of a shared network to its LE clients. This means that
the emulated LAN must also be able to handle broadcast and multicast data. The
broadcast and unknown server (BUS) addresses this requirement by distributing
all broadcast, multicast, and unknown traffic to and from all LE clients on an
emulated LAN.
For example, when an LE client sets up its initial configuration, it obtains the
MAC address of the BUS from the LES. Using this MAC address, the LE client
sets up a multicast send VCC to the BUS. In turn, the BUS registers the LE client
as part of its emulated LAN.
To broadcast data, an LE client uses the multicast send VCC to send information
to the BUS. The BUS then retransmits the data, through multiple point-to-point
connections or one point-to-multipoint connection, to each LE client on the
emulated LAN.
114056 Rev. A
4-3
Configuring ATM Services
Understanding LAN Emulation States
As defined in the ATM Forum LAN Emulation Over ATM specification, LE clients
enter various states of communication while attempting to join an emulated LAN.
These states (referred to as “phases” by the ATM Forum) indicate the progress of
an LE client as it connects with an emulated LAN (Figure 4-1).
Initial State (1)
LECS Connect State (2)
After experiencing
any failure, or
terminating its
connection to the
emulated LAN,
the LE client
returns to the
initial state.
Configure State (3)
Join State (4)
Initial Registration State (5)
BUS Connect State (6)
Operational State (7)
If the LE Client
loses the BUS
connection, it can
attempt to reconnect.
ATM0034A
Figure 4-1.
LAN Emulation States
Note: The numbers that follow each individual state appear in the ATM LEC
status record (wfAtmLecStatusEntry).
Refer to the following sections to better understand each state.
4-4
114056 Rev. A
Understanding ATM LAN Emulation Concepts
Initial State
An LE client always starts in the initial state before attempting to connect to the
LECS.
LECS Connect State
An LE client enters the LECS connect state when it attempts to connect to the
LECS.
Configure State
An LE client enters the configure state when it attempts to retrieve necessary
information (that is, the ATM address of the LES, LAN type, LAN name,
Maximum MTU, and various timeout values) to begin joining an emulated LAN.
Join State
An LE client enters the join state when it attempts to join an emulated LAN.
Joining an emulated LAN requires that the LE client
•
Set up a control VCC to communicate with the LES
•
Send a join request (containing the client MAC address) to the LES
•
Accept a control distributed VCC to receive control data from the LES
•
Receive a valid join response from the LES containing a LAN emulation
client ID (LECID)
Note: No more than one ATM LE client per Bay Networks router ILI pair can
join an emulated LAN at any point in time. However, you can always move a
LAN emulation client to the desired emulated LAN using network
management software (for example, the Bay Networks Network Management
Application software).
114056 Rev. A
4-5
Configuring ATM Services
Initial Registration State
An LE client enters the initial registration state when it attempts to register
multiple MAC addresses with the LES.
Note: The router LE client provides the MAC address only for its own ATM
interface. Because it does not register multiple MAC addresses, the router
never enters this state. The router LE client acts as a proxy for bridge MAC
addresses not learned on this circuit.
BUS Connect State
An LE client enters the BUS connect state when it attempts to set up a VCC to the
BUS.
Operational State
An LE client enters the operational state after successfully completing the
requirements to join an emulated LAN.
4-6
114056 Rev. A
Understanding ATM LAN Emulation Concepts
Where to Go Next
Use the following table to determine where you want to go next.
114056 Rev. A
For information about
Go to
Starting ATM
Chapter 1
General ATM information
Chapter 2
General Classical IP over ATM information
Chapter 3
Customizing an ATM line
Chapter 5
Customizing an ATM interface or service record
Chapter 6
Customizing PVCs
Chapter 7
Customizing a LAN emulation client
Chapter 8
Customizing signaling
Chapter 9
Customizing ILMI
Chapter 10
Customizing signaling and ILMI control VCs
Chapter 11
Customizing SAAL
Chapter 12
Accessing Site Manager parameters
Appendix A
Site Manager defaults
Appendix B
ATM log files
Appendix C
4-7
Chapter 5
Customizing an ATM Line
The type of ATM link module you use in your router determines how you edit the
line details. This chapter describes how to customize the various line details,
including
•
Attributes specific to ATM FRE2 ILI pairs
•
Attributes specific to ATM ARE ILI pairs and the Model 5780 ATM router
Modifying ATM FRE2 Line Details
This section describes how to edit the line details for ATM FRE2 link modules.
Enabling and Disabling the ATM Line
By default, when you create an ATM circuit, the physical line (or the interface to
that line) is enabled. You can enable or disable the ATM circuit for the specific
connector without having to remove the physical line from the ATM receptacle.
Site Manager: Enable: page A-5
Enabling and Disabling Data Path Notify
When enabled (the default setting), the Data Path Notify function disables the data
path interface when the physical interface becomes nonoperational. When you
disable the Data Path Notify function, the data path interface remains operational
even when the physical interface is not working.
Site Manager: Data Path Notify: page A-6
114056 Rev. A
5-1
Configuring ATM Services
Specifying the Data Path Notify Timeout Value
When you enable the Data Path Notify function, you must also specify how long
you want the ATM router to wait before implementing this function. By default,
when the state of the physical interface changes from operational to
nonoperational, the timer waits 3 seconds before implementing the Data Path
Notify function. However, you can adjust this value from 0 through 3600 seconds.
Site Manager: Data Path Notify Timeout: page A-6
Enabling or Disabling SVC Inactivity Timeout
By enabling the SVC Inactivity Timeout function (the default), the router
automatically disables any SVCs that have not received or transmitted any cells
for the period of time you specify (see the section below).
If you disable the SVC inactivity timeout function, all SVCs on the line remain
open until you close them by another method.
Site Manager: SVC Inactivity Timeout Enable: page A-6
Specifying an SVC Inactivity Timeout (In Seconds)
When you enable the SVC Inactivity Timeout function, you must also specify
how long you want the ATM router to wait before implementing this function. By
default, if the router does not receive or transmit any cells for 1200 seconds, the
SVC Inactivity Timeout function activates. However, you can adjust this value
from 60 through 3600 seconds.
Site Manager: SVC Inactivity Timeout (Secs): page A-7
5-2
114056 Rev. A
Customizing an ATM Line
Modifying ATM FRE2 Physical Attributes
The physical attributes of the ATM line include framing information, transmission
checks, and how ATM treats the line under certain conditions (for example, when
the line is idle).
Assigning the Framing Mode
You can assign an ATM line to use either SONET or SDH framing mode.
By default, the ATM line uses SONET framing. This method uses a 51.84 Mb/s
synchronous transport signal (STS-1) as a basic building block to provide the
OC-3 frame (for example, the STS-3/OC-3 frame has a rate of 3 x 51.84 Mb/s or
155.52 Mb/s).
The SONET frame format consists of 90 x 9 bytes and is divided into two main
areas -- the synchronous payload envelope (SPE) and the transport overhead
(TOH). The SPE contains the core data that the frame is transporting. The TOH
contains the enhanced operations, administration, maintenance, and provisioning
(OAM&P) information.
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) provides the framing format required for
ATM in Europe.
Site Manager: Framing Mode: page A-7
114056 Rev. A
5-3
Configuring ATM Services
Enabling or Disabling Cell Payload Scrambling
Some ATM network equipment can exhibit sensitivity to certain bit patterns (for
example, 101010... or 000000...). This sensitivity can cause problems in the ATM
network. Setting the Scrambling feature to Enable (the default setting) randomizes
the bit pattern in the cell payload sufficiently to guarantee cell synchronization.
Though some equipment may have the ability to operate with scrambling
disabled, we recommend that you scramble the cell payload.
Note: ATM devices with different scrambling settings cannot communicate.
For example, if you configure a router to enable scrambling, and configure a
hub to disable scrambling, the router and hub cannot communicate.
Site Manager: Scrambling: page A-7
Enabling or Disabling Loopback
By default, Loopback is disabled on an ATM line. Enabling the Loopback feature
initiates loopback diagnostic mode. In loopback mode, the router retransmits
received data back to the sender over the same ATM line.
We recommend that you only enable Loopback when trying to diagnose a
problem with the ATM line.
Site Manager: Loopback: page A-8
Defining ATM Cell Insertion
An ATM line is never idle. In the absence of user cells, the ATM framer device
must fill the idle bandwidth. The Cell Insertion feature allows you to define
whether you want unassigned cells (the default selection) or idle cells.
Idle cells are only visible at the physical layer. Unassigned cells are not only
visible at the physical layer (which treats them as standard ATM cells), but also at
the ATM layer.
Site Manager: Cell Insertion: page A-8
5-4
114056 Rev. A
Customizing an ATM Line
Modifying ATM ARE and Model 5780 ATM Router Line Details
This section describes how to edit the line details for ATM ARE link modules and
Model 5780 ATM routers.
Enabling or Disabling the Line Driver
By default, when you create an ATM circuit, the line driver is enabled. You can
enable or disable the line driver for the specific connector without having to
remove the physical line from the ATM receptacle.
Site Manager: Enable: page A-9
Defining the Interface MTU
The MTU is the largest possible unit of data that the physical medium can
transmit. By default, the interface allows an MTU size of 4608 octets. This value
can handle most packet sizes. However, you can set this value anywhere from 1
through 9188 octets.
Site Manager: Interface MTU: page A-9
Enabling and Disabling the Data Path Function
This function specifies whether the router disables the interface between the driver
and the higher-level software (the data path interface) when you disconnect the
cable from the ATM interface.
By selecting Enable (the default), when you disconnect the cable from the
interface, the router disables the data path interface after a time you specify. By
disabling this function, the router does not disconnect the data path interface and
continues to send information to the higher-level software.
Site Manager: Data Path Enable: page A-10
114056 Rev. A
5-5
Configuring ATM Services
Specifying a Data Path Notify Timeout
When you enable the Data Path function, you must also specify how long you
want the ATM router to wait before implementing this function. By default, when
the state of the physical interface changes from operational to nonoperational, the
timer waits 1 second before implementing the Data Path function. However, you
can adjust this value from 0 through 3600 seconds.
Site Manager: Data Path Notify Timeout: page A-10
Enabling or Disabling SVC Inactivity Timeout
By enabling the SVC Inactivity Timeout function (the default), the router
automatically disables any SVCs that have not received or transmitted any cells
for the period of time you specify (see the section below).
If you disable the SVC inactivity timeout function, all SVCs on the line remain
open until you close them by another method.
Site Manager: SVC Inactivity Timeout Enable: page A-11
Specifying an SVC Inactivity Timeout (In Seconds)
When you enable the SVC Inactivity Timeout function, you must also specify
how long you want the ATM router to wait before implementing this function. By
default, if the router does not receive or transmit any cells for 1200 seconds, the
SVC Inactivity Timeout function activates. However, you can adjust this value
from 60 through 3600 seconds.
Site Manager: SVC Inactivity Timeout (Secs): page A-11
5-6
114056 Rev. A
Customizing an ATM Line
Assigning the Framing Mode
You can assign the following transceiver framing modes to an ATM ARE ILI pair
or a Model 5780 ATM router:
•
SDH
•
M23
•
SONET
•
G751
•
CBIT
•
G832
By default, the ATM line uses SONET framing. However, the framing mode you
select depends on the interface type your device uses. Refer to the following table
to match the appropriate framing mode(s) to the correct interface type.
Table 5-1.
Determining an Appropriate Framing Mode
Framing Modes You Can Use
Interface Type
OC-3
DS-3
SDH
SONET
✔
CBIT
M23
G751
G832
✔
✔
✔
✔
E3
✔
Site Manager: Framing Mode: page A-11
Defining the Clocking Signal Source
You can specify either an internal (the default setting) or external clocking source
for time signals. Internal uses the router clock; External uses the line clock.
Site Manager: Clocking Signal Source: page A-12
114056 Rev. A
5-7
Configuring ATM Services
Specifying DS3 Line Build Out
On modules that use a DS3 interface, you can specify how the router conditions
signals to migrate attenuation. Specify a short line (the default) for a line less than
225 ft long. Specify a long line for a line length of 225 ft or more.
Site Manager: DS3 Line Build Out: page A-12
Turning On and Off DS3 Scrambling
Some ATM network equipment can exhibit sensitivity to certain bit patterns (for
example, 101010... or 000000...). This sensitivity can cause problems in the ATM
network. Turning on the DS3 Scrambling feature (the default setting) randomizes
the bit pattern in the cell payload sufficiently to guarantee cell synchronization.
Though some equipment may have the ability to operate with scrambling
disabled, we recommend that you scramble the cell payload.
Note: ATM devices with different scrambling settings cannot communicate.
For example, if you configure a router to enable scrambling, and configure a
hub to disable scrambling, the router and hub cannot communicate.
Site Manager: DS3 Scrambling: page A-13
5-8
114056 Rev. A
Customizing an ATM Line
Where to Go Next
Use the following table to determine where you want to go next.
114056 Rev. A
For information about
Go to
Starting ATM
Chapter 1
General ATM information
Chapter 2
General Classical IP over ATM information
Chapter 3
General LAN emulation information
Chapter 4
Customizing an ATM interface or service record
Chapter 6
Customizing PVCs
Chapter 7
Customizing a LAN emulation client
Chapter 8
Customizing signaling
Chapter 9
Customizing ILMI
Chapter 10
Customizing signaling and ILMI control VCs
Chapter 11
Customizing SAAL
Chapter 12
Accessing Site Manager parameters
Appendix A
Site Manager defaults
Appendix B
ATM log files
Appendix C
5-9
Chapter 6
Customizing ATM Interfaces and
Service Records
Setting the Interface Administrative State
By default, the ATM interface is operational (Up) when you create the circuit.
However, you can set the administrative state to Up or Down at any time.
When the administrative state is Up, traffic can flow over the interface. When the
administrative state is Down, traffic cannot flow over the interface.
Site Manager: Administrative State: page A-14
Enabling or Disabling Signaling on an Interface
By enabling ATM signaling (the default setting) you can configure switched
features (for example, SVCs and LAN emulation) on the interface. If you do not
intend to configure any switched features on the interface (that is, you want the
interface to run only PVCs), disabling ATM signaling makes additional system
resources available.
Site Manager: Enable ATM Signaling: page A-15
114056 Rev. A
6-1
Configuring ATM Services
Autogenerating ATM Addresses
You can automatically generate the user part (suffix) of SVC ATM addresses.
When autogenerating this portion of the ATM addresses, you can use either the
ATM hardware MAC address or a MAC address override value as the endstation
identifier.
Enabling or Disabling the Hardware MAC Address Feature
If enabled, the Hardware MAC Address feature uses the MAC address of the ATM
interface when automatically generating the ATM address user part. Disabling this
feature uses the MAC Address Override value (see below) when automatically
generating the ATM address user part.
Note: If you disable the Hardware MAC Address feature, you must enter a
MAC Address Override value.
Site Manager: Use Hardware MAC Address: page A-16
Entering a MAC Address Override Value
The MAC Address Override value redefines the hardware MAC address for the
interface. It also defines the endstation identifier for the interface when
automatically generating the user part (suffix) of an SVC ATM address.
Using the MAC Address Override parameter is very helpful when you want to
“hot-swap” ATM link modules.
For example, when “hot-swapping” ATM link modules, you can enter the MAC
address of the original ATM link module as the MAC Address Override value for
the new ATM link module. This allows you to keep the information you have
already configured on the existing ATM link module while maintaining the
integrity of the existing client information on the network.
Site Manager: MAC Address Override: page A-17
6-2
114056 Rev. A
Customizing ATM Interfaces and Service Records
Enabling or Disabling User Part Autogeneration
After deciding what endstation identifier information you want to use during user
part autogeneration, you can also specify on what service records you want the
autogeneration feature to run.
By default, when you add an SVC service record, the user part autogeneration
feature is enabled. However, you can enable or disable this feature on an
individual service record at any time.
Site Manager: User Part Autogeneration: page A-21
Assigning ATM Addresses
An ATM address is composed of a network prefix and a user part. Bay Networks routers
using the autogeneration feature create the user part of the ATM address. The user part
autogeneration feature combines the MAC address of the ATM interface and a unique
selector byte to create unique addresses (Figure 6-1).
ATM Address
390000000000000000000000000000A20CA98F00
Network Prefix
39000000000000000000000000
User Part
0000A20CA98F00
MAC Address
Selector
Byte
0000A20CA98F
00
ATM0037A
Figure 6-1.
114056 Rev. A
ATM Address Components
6-3
Configuring ATM Services
Entering an ATM Address Network Prefix
The ATM address network prefix specifies the ATM domain of which the service
record is a part. This thirteen-byte portion of the ATM address can range between
XX000000000000000000000000 and XXFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF.
The XX byte must contain 39, 45, or 47. These values define the authority and
format identifier (AFI). The AFI byte identifies the group responsible for
allocating the prefix and the format the prefix uses. For more information about
the AFI byte, refer to the ATM Forum UNI specification.
Entering a network prefix is optional. If you do not enter an ATM Address
Network Prefix in the range specified above, the service record accepts the first
prefix value that it receives from the switch.
Site Manager: ATM Addr Net Prefix (Optional): page A-22
Entering an ATM Address User Part
The ATM address user part (suffix) consists of a 6-byte endstation identifier and a
1-byte selector field. This 7-byte portion of the ATM address can range between
00000000000000 and FEFFFFFFFFFFFF.
You can either autogenerate this value (refer to “Autogenerating ATM Addresses,”
earlier in this chapter) or you can enter the value manually.
Site Manager: ATM Addr User Part: page A-22
Enabling or Disabling a Service Record
By default, you enable a service record when you add it to the interface. However,
you can enable or disable a specific service record at any time. Enable the service
record to allow traffic to flow over the service record and any of its VCs. Disable
the service record if you do not want traffic to flow over the service record or any
of its VCs.
Site Manager: Enable/Disable: page A-20
6-4
114056 Rev. A
Customizing ATM Interfaces and Service Records
Defining a Service Record
A service record is generally defined by the type of data encapsulation and virtual
connection it uses. Table 6-1 shows the settings necessary to define a specific
service record.
Table 6-1.
Defining a Service Record
Service Record
Data Encapsulation Type
Virtual Connection Type
PVC
LLC/SNAP, NLPID, or NULL
PVC
Classical IP
LLC/SNAP or NULL
SVC
LANE
LANE
SVC
Assigning the Data Encapsulation Type
ATM allows you to choose from four data encapsulation types: LANE,
LLC/SNAP, NLPID, and NULL. LANE is the default value when signaling is
enabled on the interface. LLC/SNAP is the default value when signaling is
disabled on the interface.
Each ATM device must encapsulate PDUs before sending them to the SAR
sublayer. As a general rule, you can assign
•
LLC/SNAP or NULL data encapsulation for service records containing PVCs
•
LLC/SNAP data encapsulation for service records containing hybrid PVCs
•
LANE encapsulation for service records containing SVCs over which you
want to run LAN emulation
•
LLC/SNAP or NULL for service records containing SVCs over which you
want to run classical IP (RFC 1577)
Note: If you select NULL, the router interprets this as virtual, channel-based
multiplexing, which is not supported for bridging.
For additional information about assigning data encapsulation, refer to Chapter 2.
Site Manager: Data Encapsulation Type: page A-20
114056 Rev. A
6-5
Configuring ATM Services
Specifying a Virtual Connection Type
A service record can have either permanent virtual circuits (PVCs) or switched
virtual circuits (SVCs) -- but not both. SVC is the default value when signaling is
enabled on the interface. PVC is the default value when signaling is disabled on
the interface.
For additional information about virtual connection types, refer to Chapter 2.
Site Manager: Virtual Connection Type: page A-21
Entering an Emulated LAN Name
Emulated LAN (ELAN) names are optional values (up to 128 alphanumeric
characters) that provide administrative assistance when distinguishing among
various ELANs. You can enter the name of an ELAN to which you want the LEC
to join.
If you choose not to enter an ELAN name, the LECS assigns the LE client to an
ELAN for this domain.
Site Manager: Emulated LAN Name: page A-23
Defining an Emulated LAN Type
The emulated LAN type indicates the data frame format that the LEC uses when it
joins an emulated LAN. ATM allows you to choose from two emulated LAN
types: Unspecified and IEEE8023.
Unspecified, the default value, indicates that you want the client to obtain the
LAN type from the LAN emulation configuration server (LECS) when it joins an
emulated LAN. Setting this value to IEEE8023 specifies that you want the client
to join only Ethernet (IEEE 802.3) emulated LANs.
Site Manager: Emulated LAN Type: page A-24
6-6
114056 Rev. A
Customizing ATM Interfaces and Service Records
Defining the MTU
The MTU is the largest possible unit of data that the service record can transmit.
By default, the service record allows an MTU size of 4608 octets. This value can
handle most packet sizes.
The MTU size is typically determined by the driver. However, you can override
the driver default to accommodate connection to devices that require different
MTU sizes.
You can set this value from 1 though 9188 octets.
Site Manager: MTU: page A-24
Note: For full compatibility with RFC 1577, you may have to specify an MTU
size of 9188 bytes.
114056 Rev. A
6-7
Configuring ATM Services
Where to Go Next
Use the following table to determine where you want to go next.
6-8
For information about
Go to
Starting ATM
Chapter 1
General ATM information
Chapter 2
General Classical IP over ATM information
Chapter 3
General LAN emulation information
Chapter 4
Customizing an ATM line
Chapter 5
Customizing PVCs
Chapter 7
Customizing a LAN emulation client
Chapter 8
Customizing signaling
Chapter 9
Customizing ILMI
Chapter 10
Customizing signaling and ILMI control VCs
Chapter 11
Customizing SAAL
Chapter 12
Accessing Site Manager parameters
Appendix A
Site Manager defaults
Appendix B
ATM log files
Appendix C
114056 Rev. A
Chapter 7
Customizing PVCs
Setting a VPI/VCI Pair
A virtual path is a set of virtual channels between a common source and
destination. The virtual channels within a virtual path logically associate to a
common identifier. This identifier is called the virtual path identifier (VPI) and is
part of the cell header.
A virtual channel is a logical connection between two communicating ATM
entities. Each virtual channel may carry a different protocol or traffic type. The
virtual channel transports cells that have a common identifier. The identifier is
called the virtual channel identifier (VCI) and is part of the cell header.
Note: ATM does not allow duplicate VPI/VCI pairs on the same physical
interface (that is, on the same link module). However, duplicate VPI/VCI pairs
can exist on different physical interfaces (that is, on different link modules).
Setting a VPI Number
The VPI number does not have a default setting. You must enter a valid VPI
number for each PVC you create. This number identifies the virtual path of the
PVC. The VPI is part of the cell header. The header can contain a maximum of
8 VPI bits for a UNI connection. This bit range allows for path identifiers from 0
through 255.
Site Manager: VPI Number: page A-25
114056 Rev. A
7-1
Configuring ATM Services
Setting a VCI Number
The VCI number does not have a default setting. You must enter a valid VCI
number for each PVC you create. This number identifies the virtual channel of the
PVC. The VCI is part of the cell header. The header can contain a maximum of 16
VCI bits. This bit range allows for channel identifiers from 0 through 65535.
Site Manager: VCI Number: page A-26
Note: Following the recommendation of the ATM Forum, virtual channel
identifiers from 0 through 31 are reserved for signaling and added
functionality.
Designating a VC as Hybrid/Bridged
PVCs do not typically allow for bridging in nonmeshed environments. If your
network combines bridging and routing over the same interface, you need to use
the service record portion of each PVC for routing, while at the same time allow
bridging to operate. To do this, you must define the PVC as a hybrid/bridged VC.
By default, a PVC does not operate as a hybrid/bridged VC. However, you can
configure any PVC to operate as a hybrid/bridge VC.
Note: When you define a PVC as a hybrid/bridged VC, you can also configure
additional Bridge, Spanning Tree, and NML protocol options. These protocols
run on the PVC along with any protocols you defined in the ATM service
record.
For more information on PVC access methods, including hybrid access, refer to
“PVC Access Methods” in Chapter 2.
Site Manager: Hybrid/Bridged VC: page A-26
7-2
114056 Rev. A
Customizing PVCs
Assigning the Administrative State
By default, the PVC is operational (Up) when you add it to the service record.
However, you can set the administrative state to Up or Down at any time.
When the administrative state is Up, traffic can flow over the PVC. When the
administrative state is Down, traffic cannot flow over the PVC.
Site Manager: Administrative State: page A-27
Modifying ATM Traffic Parameters
The ATM User-Network Interface Specification defines several traffic parameters.
These parameters help to prioritize and control the traffic on each VC.
How you modify your ATM traffic parameters depends on
•
The characteristics (for example, maximum cell rate, average cell rate, burst
size) of the individual connections that you want to set up
•
The bit-rate method -- variable or available -- that the ATM ILI pair uses
You can change your ATM traffic parameters several times before deciding on a
particular set. This section explains the different traffic parameters and provides
some basic guidelines for customizing traffic parameters on an ATM PVC or ATM
control SVC (that is, the signaling VC or ILMI VC).
Note: You do not need to manually configure traffic parameters for SVCs (as
you must for PVCs and control VCs), because SVCs dynamically negotiate
these parameters before transferring data.
Setting the PCR
The PCR specifies the upper traffic limit, in cells/second, that the ATM connection
can submit.
How you set the PCR depends on
114056 Rev. A
•
The optical transmission rate of your ATM device
•
The amount of traffic you expect on a particular VC
7-3
Configuring ATM Services
•
The rate you desire for each VC
When setting the PCR, keep the following in mind:
•
Each VC can have its own PCR.
•
The PCR cannot exceed the maximum rate for the physical media. For
example, you cannot exceed 149.76 Mb/s for a SONET/SDH line.
•
The PCR specifies the desired rate for the attached physical media (that is,
SONET/SDH, DS-3, or E-3). It does not specify the rate for the ATM network
as a whole. For example, you can specify a full 149.76 Mb/s for each PVC or
control VC on a SONET/SDH connection. However, if the VC ultimately
connects to a lower-speed link (for example, T1 or E1), your PCR is limited to
the maximum rate of that media.
•
ATM FRE2 ILI pairs require a minimum PCR value of 300 cells/s. VCs may
fail to operate with PCR values less than 300 cells/s.
•
ATM ARE ILI pairs require a minimum PCR value of 128 cells/s. VCs may
fail to operate with PCR values less than 128 cells/s.
•
The E-3 framing mode setting affects the maximum PCR setting.
By default, the PCR is set to 2358 cells/s. Table 7-1 lists the valid ranges for each
Bay Networks ATM router.
Table 7-1.
Valid PCR Ranges
ATM Routers
Range (Cells/s)
ATM FRE2 OC-3 SONET/SDH ILI pairs
300 through 365566
ATM ARE OC-3 SONET/SDH ILI pairs
128 through 353207
Model 5780
128 through 353207
ATM ARE DS-3 ILI pairs
128 through 96000
ATM ARE E-3 ILI pairs; G832 Framing Mode
128 through 80000
ATM ARE E-3 ILI pairs; G751 Framing Mode
128 through 72000
For additional information about traffic parameters, refer to “ATM Traffic
Parameters” in Chapter 2.
Site Manager: Xmit Peak Cell Rate (cells/s): page A-27
7-4
114056 Rev. A
Customizing PVCs
Setting the SCR
For ATM FRE2 ILI pairs, the SCR is the upper bound on the conforming average
rate of an individual PVC or control VC. In this definition, average rate is the
number of cells transmitted over the link divided by the duration of the
connection. The duration of the connection equals the total amount of time it takes
from connection setup to connection release.
The SCR allows you to define future cell flow on a PVC or control VC in greater
detail than by just using the PCR. For ATM FRE2 ILI pairs, the SCR controls the
rate over time -- not at a specific instant of time -- and can help you more
efficiently use your network resources. In other words, the SCR allows sufficient
bandwidth for operation, but does not allow a bandwidth as high as the PCR.
For ATM ARE ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers, the SCR value maps
directly to a minimum cell rate (MCR) value. In other words, when you configure
the SCR on one of these devices, you actually configure the MCR. Instead of
defining the upper bound of an average rate, like the SCR, the MCR defines the
minimum amount of guaranteed bandwidth allowed for PVCs and control VCs on
the ATM line.
The MCR (that is, SCR) not only controls the rate over time, it guarantees this
rate. In other words, the SCR provides sufficient bandwidth for SVC operation
but, at the same time, guarantees the bandwidth for PVCs and control VCs on the
ATM line.
When setting the SCR for ATM FRE2 ILI pairs, keep the following in mind:
•
The SCR is essentially a future average. By setting the SCR you are
specifying the cell rate, over time, to which you want the VC to conform.
•
To be useful, the SCR must not exceed the PCR.
•
If you know the user average rate, set the SCR about 10 percent higher than
this value.
•
ATM FRE2 ILI pairs require a minimum SCR value of 300 cells/s. PVCs may
fail to operate with SCR values less than 300 cells/s.
When setting the SCR for ATM ARE ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers, keep
the following in mind:
•
114056 Rev. A
The SCR maps directly to the MCR.
7-5
Configuring ATM Services
•
The MCR provides guaranteed bandwidth for PVCs and control VCs while
allowing sufficient bandwidth for SVCs to operate.
•
To be useful, the SCR must not exceed the PCR.
•
If you know the user average rate, set the SCR about 10 percent higher than
this value.
•
ATM ARE ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers require a minimum SCR
value of 128 cells/s. VCs may fail to operate with SCR values less than 128
cells/s.
•
ATM ARE ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers allow you to enter an SCR
value of 0. Entering 0 for the SCR turns off this function and specifies that the
ATM router use “best effort” for SCR.
•
The E-3 framing mode setting affects the maximum SCR setting.
By default, the SCR is set to 2358 cells/s. Table 7-2 lists the valid ranges for each
Bay Networks ATM router.
Table 7-2.
Valid SCR Ranges
ATM Routers
Range (Cells/s)
ATM FRE2 OC-3 SONET/SDH ILI pairs
300 through 365566
ATM ARE OC-3 SONET/SDH ILI pairs
0, 128 through 353207
Model 5780
0, 128 through 353207
ATM ARE DS-3 ILI pairs
0, 128 through 96000
ATM ARE E-3 ILI pairs; G832 Framing Mode
0, 128 through 80000
ATM ARE E-3 ILI pairs; G751 Framing Mode
0, 128 through 72000
For additional information about traffic parameters, refer to “ATM Traffic
Parameters” in Chapter 2.
Site Manager: Xmit Sustainable Cell Rate (cells/s): page A-28
7-6
114056 Rev. A
Customizing PVCs
Setting the MBS
For ATM FRE2 ILI pairs, the MBS is the maximum length of a cell stream
allowed on a particular VC. The MBS specifies the maximum number of
sequential cells allowed on a VC before that VC must relinquish bandwidth to
other VCs waiting to transmit. This burst occurs at or close to the Peak Cell Rate.
When you set the MBS, we suggest that you select a value larger than the largest
packet your PVC or control VC can transmit (that is, the Maximum AAL common
part convergence sublayer [CPCS] Transmit service data unit [SDU] size). For
example, if your VC accepts packets that are less than 2358 bytes long (PVC
default), set your MBS value between 45 and 50 cells.
Note: ATM ARE ILI pairs ignore the maximum burst size.
By default, the MBS is set to 40 cells. However, you can adjust this value from 1
through 65535 cells.
As a guideline, use this formula to determine your MBS value:
Maximum Packet Size (in bytes)
48 bytes/cell
=
MBS value (in cells)
=
96 cells
for example:
4608 bytes (default)
48 bytes/cell
ATM0016A
For additional information about traffic parameters, refer to “ATM Traffic
Parameters” in Chapter 2.
Site Manager: Xmit Burst Size (cells): page A-30
114056 Rev. A
7-7
Configuring ATM Services
Modifying the Maximum AAL CPCS SDU Size
The maximum AAL CPCS SDU value defines the maximum packet size you
intend the VC to transmit or receive.
Setting the Transmit SDU Size
We suggest that you accept the default value of 4608 bytes for maximum AAL
CPCS SDU size that the VC supports in the transmit direction. Most packet sizes
fall well within this limit. However, you can set this value from 1 through 65535
bytes.
Site Manager: Maximum AAL CPCS Transmit SDU Size: page A-30
Setting the Receive SDU Size
We suggest that you accept the default value of 4608 bytes for maximum AAL
CPCS SDU size that the VC supports in the receive direction. Most packet sizes
fall well within this limit. However, you can set this value from 1 through 65535
bytes.
Site Manager: Maximum AAL CPCS Receive SDU Size: page A-31
Assigning a Data Encapsulation Type
You can choose either LLC/SNAP (the default value) or NULL data encapsulation
to operate on the PVC. Assigning the data encapsulation type on the PVC level
overrides the encapsulation type selected on the service record level.
Note: If you select NULL, the router interprets this as virtual, channel-based
multiplexing, which is not supported for bridging.
For additional information about assigning data encapsulation, refer to Chapter 2.
Site Manager: Data Encapsulation Type: page A-31
7-8
114056 Rev. A
Customizing PVCs
Where to Go Next
Use the following table to determine where you want to go next.
114056 Rev. A
For information about
Go to
Starting ATM
Chapter 1
General ATM information
Chapter 2
General Classical IP over ATM information
Chapter 3
General LAN emulation information
Chapter 4
Customizing an ATM line
Chapter 5
Customizing an ATM interface or service record
Chapter 6
Customizing a LAN emulation client
Chapter 8
Customizing signaling
Chapter 9
Customizing ILMI
Chapter 10
Customizing signaling and ILMI control VCs
Chapter 11
Customizing SAAL
Chapter 12
Accessing Site Manager parameters
Appendix A
Site Manager defaults
Appendix B
ATM log files
Appendix C
7-9
Chapter 8
Customizing LAN Emulation Clients
Today’s networks contain a vast amount of existing LAN application software.
LANE provides a way to accommodate this software while taking advantage of
ATM technology. In other words, LANE allows the router to connect to the ATM
network while LAN application software continues to operate as if it were running
on a traditional LAN.
Bay Networks ATM routers support LANE functions as defined in the ATM
Forum LAN Emulation Over ATM specification (Version 1.0).
Enabling or Disabling LANE
By default, LANE is enabled on a service record when you assign LANE data
encapsulation to that service record. However, you can enable or disable LANE
on a service record at any time.
Site Manager: Enable: page A-32
Defining a LEC
To fully define a LEC, you can specify
114056 Rev. A
•
An owner for the LEC (optional)
•
The name of the emulated LAN you want the LEC to join (optional)
•
A LES ATM address (automatic)
8-1
Configuring ATM Services
Specifying an Owner
Specifying a LEC owner is optional. This entry (up to 128 alphanumeric
characters) provides administrative assistance when distinguishing between
various other LECs.
Site Manager: Owner: page A-32
Entering an ELAN Name
ELAN names are optional values (up to 128 alphanumeric characters) that provide
administrative assistance when distinguishing among various ELANs. You can
enter the name of an ELAN to which you want the LEC to join.
If you choose not to enter an ELAN name, the LECS assigns the LE client to an
ELAN for this domain.
Site Manager: Emulated LAN Name: page A-34
Entering a LES ATM Address
LE clients use the LES to establish the Control Direct VCC. The LEC must know
the LES address to obtain this information before it can join an emulated LAN.
If you select Manual configuration mode (see following), enter the LES address. If
you select Automatic configuration mode, you do not have to enter this address
(the LE client receives the LES from the LAN emulation configuration server).
Site Manager: LE Server ATM Address: page A-34
8-2
114056 Rev. A
Customizing LAN Emulation Clients
Selecting a Configuration Mode
You can select a LEC to run in Automatic or Manual mode. In Automatic mode
(the default selection), the LE client uses the LES address it receives from the
LAN emulation configuration server (LECS) to join an ELAN. In Manual mode,
you must enter the LES address and the LAN type (see the following section) of
the ELAN you want the LE client to join.
Site Manager: Configuration Mode: page A-32
Assigning an Emulated LAN Type
You can assign a LE client to either join whatever ELAN the LECS assigns it to or
allow it to join only Ethernet ELANs. When you assign an unspecified LAN type
(the default selection), the client obtains the LAN type from the LECS when it
joins an ELAN. When you assign IEEE8023, the client joins only Ethernet
ELANs.
Note: If you select Manual configuration mode (refer to the preceding section)
you must specify a LEC LAN type.
Site Manager: Emulated LAN Type: page A-33
Setting the Maximum Data Frame Size
The maximum data frame size is the largest frame that the client can
114056 Rev. A
•
Send on the Multicast Send VCC
•
Receive on the Multicast Forward VCC
•
Send and receive on Data Direct VCCs
8-3
Configuring ATM Services
When you accept the default, Unspecified, the LEC obtains the maximum data
frame size when it joins an ELAN. However, you can limit the maximum data
frame size that the LEC can transmit to 1516 octets.
Note: Selecting Manual configuration mode automatically sets the Maximum
Data Frame Size to 1516.
Site Manager: Maximum Data Frame Size: page A-33
Controlling Unknown Frame Distribution
A frame is considered unknown when the LE client does not recognize the
destination MAC address. In this case, the unknown frame goes to the BUS for
distribution. Setting unknown frame variables helps to limit unknown frame traffic
to the BUS.
To control the distribution of unknown frames, you must
•
Set the maximum number of unknown frames the LEC can send
•
Specify the amount of time allowed to send the unknown frames to the BUS
Setting a Maximum Unknown Frame Count
You can limit the number of unknown frames a LEC sends to the BUS. By default,
a LEC can send only one unknown frame to the BUS within a specified unknown
frame time (see the following section). However, you can allow a LEC to send up
to 10 unknown frames to the BUS within the maximum unknown frame time.
Site Manager: Max Unknown Frame Count: page A-35
8-4
114056 Rev. A
Customizing LAN Emulation Clients
Specifying a Maximum Unknown Frame Time
The unknown frame time specifies the maximum amount of time allowed to send
the number of unknown frames defined in the Unknown Frame Count (see the
previous section). By default, the LEC can send the allowable number of unknown
frames for a maximum of 1 second.
This means that (using the default values) a LEC can send up to one unknown
frame within 1 second for any given MAC address without having to initiate the
address resolution protocol to resolve that MAC address. However, you can
specify up to 60 seconds for the maximum unknown frame time.
Site Manager: Max Unknown Frame Time: page A-36
Modifying LANE Timers and Retry Counters
You can modify several timers and counters for each LEC. These timers and
counters include the
•
Control Timeout
•
VCC Timeout Period
•
Maximum Retry Count
•
Aging Time
•
Forward Delay Time
•
Expected LE_ARP Response Time
•
Path Switching Delay
Setting the Control Timeout
The Control Timeout defines the timeout period used for most request/response
control frame interactions. The default timeout is 5 seconds, but you can set this
value from 5 through 32767 seconds.
Site Manager: Control Timeout: page A-35
114056 Rev. A
8-5
Configuring ATM Services
Enabling or Disabling the VCC Timeout Period
When you enable the VCC Timeout Period (the default setting), the LEC may
release any unused Data Direct or Multicast Send VCCs after the VCC timeout
period expires. The ATM drivers provide a VCC timeout period of 20 minutes. If
you disable the VCC timeout period, the LEC does not release any unused Data
Direct VCCs.
Site Manager: VCC Timeout Period Enable: page A-36
Setting the Maximum Retry Count
The Maximum Retry Count is the maximum number of times a LEC can retry an
LE_ARP_REQUEST (following the original request) for any given frame MAC
address. You can allow either one (the default) or two retries.
Site Manager: Max Retry Count: page A-37
Setting the Aging Time
The Aging Time defines the maximum amount of time that a LEC can maintain an
entry in its LE ARP cache without having to verify the relationship of that entry.
By default, the LEC maintains entries for 300 seconds. However, you can set the
aging time to a value from 10 through 300 seconds.
Site Manager: Aging Time: page A-37
Setting the Forward Delay Time
While there are no changes occurring in the network topology, the Forward Delay
Time defines the maximum amount of time that a LEC can maintain an entry in its
LE ARP cache without having to verify the relationship of that entry.
By default, the LEC maintains entries for 15 seconds, so long as the network
topology does not change. However, you can set the Forward Delay Time to a
value from 4 through 30 seconds.
Site Manager: Forward Delay Time: page A-37
8-6
114056 Rev. A
Customizing LAN Emulation Clients
Defining the Expected LE_ARP Response Time
The Expected LE_ARP Response Time defines the amount of time that the LEC
expects an ARP request and ARP response cycle to take. The LEC uses this value
during retries and verifications.
By default, the LEC expects an ARP request and ARP response cycle to take a
maximum of 3 seconds. However, you can set the LE_ARP Response Time to a
value from 1 through 30 seconds.
Site Manager: Expected LE_ARP Response Time: page A-38
Setting the Path Switching Delay
The Path Switching Delay defines the amount of time that the LEC waits after
sending a frame over an old VCC before it switches to a new VCC (this applies to
multicast and data direct VCCs).
You can use the Path Switching Delay to bypass the Flush protocol. When you
disable the Flush protocol, the data for a specific MAC address automatically
begins flowing over a new VC when the Path Switching Delay time elapses.
By default, the LEC waits a maximum of 6 seconds after sending a frame over an
old VCC before it switches to a new VCC. However, you can set the Path
Switching Delay to a value from 1 through 8 seconds.
Site Manager: Path Switching Delay: page A-38
114056 Rev. A
8-7
Configuring ATM Services
Modifying Flush Protocol Variables
The Flush protocol ensures that data destined for a particular MAC address arrives
in sequence. This means that once the LEC issues a Flush request, the Flush
protocol drops any cells it receives for the particular MAC address until
•
The LEC receives a Flush response for that MAC address
•
The Flush timeout expires for that MAC address
If the client receives a flush response for the cell MAC address, the cells for this
MAC address begin flowing over a new virtual circuit. However, if the flush
timeout expires for this MAC address, the cells begin flowing to the BUS.
Enabling or Disabling the Flush Protocol
You can enable (the default selection) or disable the Flush protocol for any LEC.
When enabled, the Flush protocol drops cells with the current destination MAC
address until the LEC receives a Flush response for that MAC address or the Flush
Timeout expires (see the following section).
When disabled, cells containing the destination MAC address drop while waiting
for the Path Switching Delay to time out. After the Path Switching Delay time
elapses, the data automatically begins flowing over a new virtual circuit.
Site Manager: Flush Protocol: page A-39
Setting the Flush Timeout
The Flush Timeout defines the amount of time the LEC waits to receive a Flush
response (after sending a Flush request) before it takes recovery action by
switching back to the BUS.
By default, the LEC waits 4 seconds for a Flush response. However, you can set
the Flush Timeout to a value from 1 through 4 seconds.
Site Manager: Flush Timeout: page A-38
8-8
114056 Rev. A
Customizing LAN Emulation Clients
Entering a LECS ATM Address
You can specify which LECS you want the LE client to use when opening a
configuration VCC to the configuration service. Entering this ATM address is
optional; if you do not enter an address, the LEC uses the well-known LECS ATM
address to open a configuration VCC.
Site Manager: LE Config Server ATM Address: page A-39
Where to Go Next
Use the following table to determine where you want to go next.
114056 Rev. A
For information about
Go to
Starting ATM
Chapter 1
General ATM information
Chapter 2
General Classical IP over ATM information
Chapter 3
General LAN emulation information
Chapter 4
Customizing an ATM line
Chapter 5
Customizing an ATM interface or service record
Chapter 6
Customizing PVCs
Chapter 7
Customizing signaling
Chapter 9
Customizing ILMI
Chapter 10
Customizing signaling and ILMI control VCs
Chapter 11
Customizing SAAL
Chapter 12
Accessing Site Manager parameters
Appendix A
Site Manager defaults
Appendix B
ATM log files
Appendix C
8-9
Chapter 9
Customizing Signaling
ATM signaling allows the router to dynamically establish, maintain, and clear a
switched virtual connection at the UNI. Using a series of messages (as defined by
the Q.2931 standard for signaling protocol [Figure 9-1]), the router
1. Assesses the availability of an ATM endpoint (device)
2. Establishes a connection with that device
3. Maintains that connection for the duration of data transfer
4. Clears the connection when the transfer is complete
Q.2931
Protocol
Q.SAAL
Data
Encapsulation
ATM Adaptation Layer
(AAL 5)
ATM Layer
Physical Layer
ATM0039A
Figure 9-1.
SVC/PVC Signaling Protocol Stack
Bay Networks ATM routers support ATM signaling functions as defined in the
ATM Forum ATM User-Network Interface specification (Versions 3.0 and 3.1).
114056 Rev. A
9-1
Configuring ATM Services
Enabling or Disabling Signaling
By default, signaling is enabled on an interface when you create the circuit.
However, you can enable or disable signaling on an interface at any time.
Site Manager: Enable: page A-41
Note: Disabling ATM signaling on an interface automatically sets the data
encapsulation type to LLC/SNAP and the virtual connection type to PVC for
any new service records.
Assigning a Protocol Standard
The protocol standard specifies how the interface defines Service Specific
Connection Oriented Protocol (SSCOP) frames. ATM Forum Version 3.0 and
Version 3.1 methods of defining SSCOP frames are incompatible.
You must assign the same protocol standard for both the router interface and the
switch. Accept the default, UNI_V30, if the switch uses ATM Forum UNI Version
3.0 to define SSCOP frames. Select UNI_V31 if the switch uses ATM Forum UNI
Version 3.1 to define SSCOP frames.
Site Manager: Protocol Standard: page A-41
Specifying the Maximum Number of SVC Applications
You can specify the maximum number of SVC applications, or SAPs, that you
want to operate on the circuit. The number of SAPs corresponds to the number of
LANE or IP (RFC 1577) clients allowed for the circuit.
By default, you can have up to 20 SVC applications on the circuit. However, you
can specify a value from 1 through 32767.
Site Manager: Max Number of SVC Applications: page A-42
9-2
114056 Rev. A
Customizing Signaling
Setting Connection Thresholds
Connection thresholds allow you to control how many point-to-point connections,
point-to-multipoint connections, and parties in a multipoint connection that you
want on the circuit at any given time.
Defining Maximum Point-to-Point Connections
By default, you can have up to 1000 simultaneous point-to-point connections on a
circuit at any given time. However, you can specify a value from 0 through 32767
connections.
Site Manager: Max Point to Point Connections: page A-42
Defining Maximum Point-to-Multipoint Connections
By default, you can have up to 40 simultaneous point-to-multipoint connections
on a circuit at any given time. However, you can specify a value from 0 through
32767 connections.
Site Manager: Max Point to Multipoint Connections: page A-42
Defining Maximum Parties in Multipoint Connections
By default, you can have one (1) party in each multipoint connection on a circuit
at any given time. However, you can specify a value from 0 through 32767 parties.
Site Manager: Max Parties in Multipoint Connections: page A-43
Setting the Minimum Memory Threshold
The Minimum Memory Threshold defines the minimum percentage of buffer
memory required to enable a new call. The default value is 20 percent, but you can
specify a percentage from 10 percent through 100 percent (in increments of 10;
for example, 10%, 20%, 30%, and so on).
Site Manager: Min Memory Threshold: page A-43
114056 Rev. A
9-3
Configuring ATM Services
Setting Signaling Timers
You can set several different signaling timers. Table 9-1 show the timer defaults,
ranges, and descriptions.
Table 9-1.
Signaling Timer Descriptions
Name
Default
Range
Description
T303
4
1 through 24
Defines the Setup Sent timer value (in seconds). This timer
begins when the circuit initiates a call/connection request by
sending a SETUP message over the signaling VC.
The Setup Sent timer stops when the circuit receives either a
CONNECT message (indicating connection), CALL
PROCEEDING message (indicating that the network received
the SETUP message), or RELEASE COMPLETE message
(indicating the rejection of the SETUP message) from the
network.
If the circuit does not receive one of these messages within
the allotted time, it transmits the SETUP message a second
time. If the circuit still does not receive a response, it clears
the connection.
T308
30
1 through 180
Defines the Release Sent timer value (in seconds). This timer
begins when the circuit sends a RELEASE message to initiate
clearing of an SVC. Sending this RELEASE message places
the network in the Release Request state.
The Release Sent timer stops when the circuit receives either
a RELEASE message (that is, both the circuit and the network
sent RELEASE messages at the same time) or a RELEASE
COMPLETE message from the network.
If the timer expires before the circuit receives one of these
messages, the circuit transmits the RELEASE message a
second time. If the circuit still does not receive a response, the
circuit releases the call reference and begins a restart
procedure.
(continued)
9-4
114056 Rev. A
Customizing Signaling
Table 9-1.
Signaling Timer Descriptions (continued)
Name
Default
Range
Description
T309
10
1 through 540
Defines the SAAL Data Link Connect timer value (in seconds).
This timer begins when a Signaling AAL malfunction occurs.
The SAAL Data Link Connect timer stops when the circuit
reestablishes SAAL (that is, when the circuit sends an
AAL-ESTABLISH-REQUEST and receives an
AAL-ESTABLISH-CONFIRM message).
If the timer expires before the circuit can reestablish SAAL, the
circuit clears the connection.
T310
10
1 through 60
Defines the Call Proceeding Received timer value (in
seconds). This timer begins when the circuit receives a CALL
PROCEEDING message from the network.
If the signaling does not receive a CONNECT or RELEASE
message before this timer expires, it clears the connection for
that virtual circuit.
T313
4
1 through 24
Defines the Connect Sent timer value (in seconds). This timer
begins when the circuit sends a CONNECT message to the
network.
The Connect Sent timer stops when the circuit receives a
CONNECT ACKNOWLEDGE message from the network
(indicating the completion of the ATM connection for that
interface).
If the timer expires before the circuit receives a CONNECT
ACKNOWLEDGE message, the circuit clears the connection.
(continued)
114056 Rev. A
9-5
Configuring ATM Services
Table 9-1.
Signaling Timer Descriptions (continued)
Name
Default
Range
Description
T316
120
1 through 720
Defines the Restart Request Sent on Interface timer value (in
seconds). This timer begins when the circuit sends a
RESTART message to the network. The circuit uses the
RESTART message to return all VCs on the interface to the
idle condition.
The Restart Request Sent on Interface timer stops when the
circuit receives a RESTART ACKNOWLEDGE message from
the network.
If the timer expires before the circuit receives a RESTART
ACKNOWLEDGE message, the circuit can transmit as many
RESTART messages as specified with the Num Restarts
Permitted parameter (see “Defining Retransmissions” later in
this chapter). If the circuit still does not receive a response, the
circuit enters the Null state until the appropriate maintenance
action is taken.
T316c
120
1 through 720
Defines the Restart Request Sent on Channel timer value (in
seconds). This timer begins when the circuit sends a
RESTART message to the network. The circuit uses the
RESTART message to return this individual VC on the
interface to the idle condition.
The Restart Request Sent on Channel timer stops when the
circuit receives a RESTART ACKNOWLEDGE message from
the network.
If the timer expires before the circuit receives a RESTART
ACKNOWLEDGE message, the circuit can transmit as many
RESTART messages as specified with the Num Restarts
Permitted parameter (see “Defining Retransmissions” later in
this chapter). If the circuit still does not receive a response, the
circuit enters the Null state until the appropriate maintenance
action is taken.
(continued)
9-6
114056 Rev. A
Customizing Signaling
Table 9-1.
Signaling Timer Descriptions (continued)
Name
Default
Range
Description
T322
4
1 through 24
Defines the Status Enquiry Sent timer value (in seconds). This
timer begins when the circuit sends a STATUS ENQUIRY
message to the network. This message checks the validity of
a call by requesting the call state (that is, the state of an active
call, the state of a call in progress, or the Null state if the call
reference does not relate to an active call or a call in
progress).
The Status Enquiry Sent timer stops when the circuit receives
a STATUS message from the network.
If the timer expires before the circuit receives a STATUS
message, the circuit can transmit as many STATUS ENQUIRY
messages as specified with the Num Stat Enquiries Permitted
parameter (see “Defining Retransmissions” later in this
chapter). If the circuit still does not receive a response, the
circuit clears the call.
TDisc
4
1 through 180
Defines the SAAL Data Link Disconnect timer value (in
seconds). This internal timer alerts upper layers that the link is
down. The timer begins if the entire link goes down for any
reason.
When the link goes down, the SAAL layer sends a
DISCONNECT REQUEST message to the upper-layer
application manager. The SAAL layer sends a disconnect
request every time the SAAL Data Link Disconnect timer
expires and continues to send this message until the link
becomes operational.
(continued)
114056 Rev. A
9-7
Configuring ATM Services
Table 9-1.
Signaling Timer Descriptions (continued)
Name
Default
Range
Description
T398
4
1 through 24
Defines the Drop Party Sent timer value (in seconds). This
timer applies to multipoint connections only and begins when
the circuit sends a DROP PARTY message to a party (the
receiver of the message) on the network.
The Drop Party Sent timer stops when the circuit receives a
DROP PARTY ACKNOWLEDGE message (indicating that the
endpoint used for the party has been released), or a
RELEASE message (indicating that the endpoint used for the
party has been released and there are no remaining parties).
T399
14
1 through 84
Defines the Add Party Sent timer value (in seconds). This
timer applies to multipoint connections only and begins when
the circuit sends an ADD PARTY message to a party (the
receiver of the message) on the network.
The Add Party Sent timer stops when the circuit receives an
ADD PARTY ACKNOWLEDGE message (indicating the
connection to the party), ADD PARTY REJECT message
(indicating the inability to add the party), or a RELEASE
message (indicating the inability to add the party and the
absence of any remaining parties).
If the timer expires before the circuit receives an ADD PARTY
ACKNOWLEDGE, ADD PARTY REJECT, or RELEASE
message, the circuit clears the party.
Site Manager: T303: page A-44
Site Manager: T308: page A-45
Site Manager: T309: page A-45
Site Manager: T310: page A-46
Site Manager: T313: page A-46
Site Manager: T316: page A-47
Site Manager: T316c: page A-48
Site Manager: T322: page A-49
Site Manager: TDisc: page A-49
Site Manager: T398: page A-50
Site Manager: T399: page A-50
9-8
114056 Rev. A
Customizing Signaling
Defining Retransmissions
The ATM circuit can retransmit a number of RESTART and STATUS ENQUIRY
messages before it considers the link down. You can control how many of these
messages the circuit retransmits.
Setting the Number of Allowable Restart Messages
By default, the circuit can retransmit three (3) RESTART messages before it
considers the link down. However, you can set the number of RESTART messages
that the circuit can send to a value from 1 through 100.
Site Manager: Num Restarts ReXmitted: page A-51
Setting the Number of Allowable Status Enquiries
By default, the circuit can retransmit three (3) STATUS ENQUIRY messages
before it considers the link down. However, you can set the number of STATUS
ENQUIRY messages that the circuit can send to a value from 1 through 100.
Site Manager: Num Stat Enquiries ReXmitted: page A-51
Pacing Calls
You can define how the circuit paces its calls. By default, the circuit transmits up
to two (2) calls per second. However, you can set this value from 0 through
2147483647 calls per second.
Site Manager: Num Messages/Sec for Call Pacing: page A-51
114056 Rev. A
9-9
Configuring ATM Services
Where to Go Next
Use the following table to determine where you want to go next.
9-10
For information about
Go to
Starting ATM
Chapter 1
General ATM information
Chapter 2
General Classical IP over ATM information
Chapter 3
General LAN emulation information
Chapter 4
Customizing an ATM line
Chapter 5
Customizing an ATM interface or service record
Chapter 6
Customizing PVCs
Chapter 7
Customizing a LAN emulation client
Chapter 8
Customizing ILMI
Chapter 10
Customizing signaling and ILMI control VCs
Chapter 11
Customizing SAAL
Chapter 12
Accessing Site Manager parameters
Appendix A
Site Manager defaults
Appendix B
ATM log files
Appendix C
114056 Rev. A
Chapter 10
Customizing ILMI
In a switched ATM network, an ATM device must register its ATM address with
an ATM switch. The router uses ILMI to send and receive initial registration data
to and from an ATM switch. Using a series of ILMI SNMP set and get
commands, the router
1. Initializes its ATM address table for the interface (the switch also initializes its
address table for the interface)
2. Receives the ATM Address Network Prefix from the switch
3. Combines this Network Prefix with its own User Part (suffix)
4. Transmits the entire address to the switch
Enabling or Disabling ILMI
By default, ILMI is enabled on an interface when you create the circuit. However,
you can enable or disable ILMI on an interface at any time.
Site Manager: Enable: page A-53
Modifying ILMI Timers and Retry Counters
You can modify several timers and counters for ILMI. These timers and counters
include the
114056 Rev. A
•
ILMI Get Timer and Retry Count
•
ILMI Get Next Timer and Retry Count
•
ILMI Set Timer and Retry Count
10-1
Configuring ATM Services
Setting the ILMI Get Timer
The ILMI Get Request timer defines the amount of time allowed for the circuit to
receive a GET_RESPONSE message after sending a GET_REQUEST message.
By default, the circuit waits 3 seconds for a response. However, you can set this
timer to a value from 1 through 120 seconds.
Site Manager: ILMI Get Timer: page A-54
Setting the ILMI Get Retry Count
The ILMI Get Retry Count specifies the number of times the circuit can retransmit
the ILMI GET_REQUEST message before it considers the link down. By default,
the circuit can retransmit three (3) ILMI GET_REQUEST messages. However,
you can set the number of retries to a value from 1 through 100.
Site Manager: ILMI Get Retry Count: page A-54
Setting the ILMI Get Next Timer
The ILMI Get Next Request timer defines the amount of time allowed for the
circuit to receive a GET_NEXT_RESPONSE message after sending a
GET_NEXT_REQUEST message. By default, the circuit waits 3 seconds for a
response. However, you can set this timer to a value from 1 through 120 seconds.
Site Manager: ILMI Get Next Timer: page A-55
Setting the ILMI Get Next Retry Count
The ILMI Get Next Retry Count specifies the number of times the circuit can
retransmit the ILMI GET_NEXT_REQUEST message before it considers the link
down. By default, the circuit can retransmit three (3) ILMI
GET_NEXT_REQUEST messages. However, you can set the number of retries to
a value from 1 through 100.
Site Manager: ILMI Get Next Retry Count: page A-55
10-2
114056 Rev. A
Customizing ILMI
Setting the ILMI Set Timer
The ILMI Set Request timer defines the amount of time allowed for the circuit to
receive a SET_RESPONSE message after sending a SET_REQUEST message.
By default, the circuit waits 3 seconds for a response. However, you can set this
timer to a value from 1 through 120 seconds.
Site Manager: ILMI Set Timer: page A-55
Setting the ILMI Set Retry Count
The ILMI Set Retry Count specifies the number of times the circuit can retransmit
the ILMI SET_REQUEST message before it considers the link down. By default,
the circuit can retransmit three (3) ILMI SET_REQUEST messages. However,
you can set the number of retries to a value from 1 through 100.
Site Manager: ILMI Set Retry Count: page A-56
114056 Rev. A
10-3
Configuring ATM Services
Where to Go Next
Use the following table to determine where you want to go next.
10-4
For information about
Go to
Starting ATM
Chapter 1
General ATM information
Chapter 2
General Classical IP over ATM information
Chapter 3
General LAN emulation information
Chapter 4
Customizing an ATM line
Chapter 5
Customizing an ATM interface or service record
Chapter 6
Customizing PVCs
Chapter 7
Customizing a LAN emulation client
Chapter 8
Customizing signaling
Chapter 9
Customizing signaling and ILMI control VCs
Chapter 11
Customizing SAAL
Chapter 12
Accessing Site Manager parameters
Appendix A
Site Manager defaults
Appendix B
ATM log files
Appendix C
114056 Rev. A
Chapter 11
Customizing Signaling and ILMI Control VCs
The signaling VC and the ILMI VC are reserved. These VCs remain in an
operational state as long as signaling is enabled on the ATM interface. Because
most ATM devices use these VPI/VCI pairs for signaling, we recommend that you
not change these values. However, you may want to redefine the signaling and
ILMI control VCs for your specific network.
Redefining the Signaling Control VC
The signaling VC is a dedicated VPI/VCI pair reserved for signaling messages.
Having a permanent virtual circuit defined for signaling allows the ATM router to
obtain necessary information about its signaling environment and properly
negotiate the values it must use with other devices on the ATM network.
Changing the Signaling VPI Number
By default, the virtual path identifier (VPI) for the signaling control VC is 0.
However, you can change the VPI number from 0 through 255.
Site Manager: VPI: page A-43
Changing the Signaling VCI Number
By default, the virtual channel identifier (VCI) for the signaling control VC is 5.
However, you can change the VCI number from 1 through 65535.
Site Manager: VCI: page A-44
114056 Rev. A
11-1
Configuring ATM Services
Redefining the ILMI Control VC
The ILMI control VC is a dedicated VPI/VCI pair reserved for ILMI messages.
Having a permanent virtual circuit defined for ILMI allows the ATM router to
send and receive initial registration data to and from an ATM switch.
Changing the ILMI VPI Number
By default, the virtual path identifier (VPI) for the ILMI control VC is 0. However,
you can change the VPI number from 0 through 255.
Site Manager: ILMI VPI: page A-53
Changing the ILMI VCI Number
By default, the virtual channel identifier (VCI) for the ILMI control VC is 16.
However, you can change the VCI number from 1 through 65535.
Site Manager: ILMI VCI: page A-54
Modifying Control VC Traffic Parameters
You can modify the following traffic parameters for both the signaling and the
ILMI control VCs:
•
Peak Cell Rate
•
Sustainable Cell Rate
•
Maximum Burst Size
Setting the PCR
The PCR specifies the upper traffic limit, in cells/second, that the ATM connection
can submit.
How you set the PCR depends on
11-2
•
The optical transmission rate of your ATM device
•
The amount of traffic you expect on a particular VC
114056 Rev. A
Customizing Signaling and ILMI Control VCs
•
The rate you desire for each VC
When setting the PCR, keep the following in mind:
•
Each VC can have its own PCR.
•
The PCR cannot exceed the maximum rate for the physical media. For
example, you cannot exceed 149.76 Mb/s for a SONET/SDH line.
•
The PCR specifies the desired rate for the attached physical media (that is,
SONET/SDH, DS-3, or E-3). It does not specify the rate for the ATM network
as a whole. For example, you can specify a full 149.76 Mb/s for each PVC or
Control VC on a SONET/SDH connection. However, if the VC ultimately
connects to a lower-speed link (for example, T1 or E1), your PCR is limited to
the maximum rate of that media.
•
ATM FRE2 ILI pairs require a minimum PCR value of 300 cells/s. VCs may
fail to operate with PCR values less than 300 cells/s.
•
ATM ARE ILI pairs require a minimum PCR value of 128 cells/s. VCs may
fail to operate with PCR values less than 128 cells/s.
•
The E-3 framing mode setting affects the maximum PCR setting.
By default, the peak cell rate is set to 4716 cells/s. Table 11-1 lists the valid ranges
for each Bay Networks ATM router.
Table 11-1.
Valid PCR Ranges
ATM Router
Range (Cells/s)
ATM FRE2 OC-3 SONET/SDH ILI pairs
300 through 365566
ATM ARE OC-3 SONET/SDH ILI pairs
128 through 353207
Model 5780
128 through 353207
ATM ARE DS-3 ILI pairs
128 through 96000
ATM ARE E-3 ILI pairs; G832 Framing Mode
128 through 80000
ATM ARE E-3 ILI pairs; G751 Framing Mode
128 through 72000
For additional information about traffic parameters, refer to “ATM Traffic
Parameters” in Chapter 2.
Site Manager: Xmit Peak Cell Rate (cells/s): page A-56
114056 Rev. A
11-3
Configuring ATM Services
Setting the SCR
For ATM FRE2 ILI pairs, the SCR is the upper bound on the conforming average
rate of an individual PVC or control VC. In this definition, average rate is the
number of cells transmitted over the link divided by the duration of the
connection. The duration of the connection equals the total amount of time it takes
from connection setup to connection release.
The SCR allows you to define future cell flow on a PVC or control VC in greater
detail than by just using the PCR. For ATM FRE2 ILI pairs, the SCR controls the
rate over time -- not at a specific instant of time -- and can help you more
efficiently use your network resources. In other words, the SCR allows sufficient
bandwidth for operation, but does not allow a bandwidth as high as the PCR.
For ATM ARE ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers, the SCR value maps
directly to a MCR value. In other words, when you configure the SCR on one of
these devices, you actually configure the MCR. Instead of defining the upper
bound of an average rate, like the SCR, the MCR defines the minimum amount of
guaranteed bandwidth allowed for PVCs and Control VCs on the ATM line.
The MCR (that is, SCR) not only controls the rate over time, it guarantees this
rate. In other words, the SCR provides sufficient bandwidth for SVC operation
but, at the same time, guarantees the bandwidth for PVCs and control VCs on the
ATM line.
When setting the SCR for ATM FRE2 ILI pairs, keep the following in mind:
•
The SCR is essentially a future average. By setting the SCR you are
specifying the cell rate, over time, to which you want the VC to conform.
•
To be useful, the SCR must not exceed the PCR.
•
If you know the user average rate, set the SCR about 10 percent higher than
this value.
•
ATM FRE2 ILI pairs require a minimum SCR value of 300 cells/s. PVCs may
fail to operate with SCR values less than 300 cells/s.
When setting the SCR for ATM ARE ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers, keep
the following in mind:
11-4
•
The SCR maps directly to the MCR.
•
The MCR provides guaranteed bandwidth for PVCs and control VCs while
allowing sufficient bandwidth for SVCs to operate.
114056 Rev. A
Customizing Signaling and ILMI Control VCs
•
To be useful, the SCR must not exceed the PCR.
•
If you know the user average rate, set the SCR about 10 percent higher than
this value.
•
ATM ARE ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers require a minimum SCR
value of 128 cells/s. VCs may fail to operate with SCR values less than 128
cells/s.
•
ATM ARE ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers allow you to enter an SCR
value of 0. Entering 0 for the SCR turns off this function and specifies that the
ATM router use “best effort” for SCR.
•
The E-3 framing mode setting affects the maximum SCR setting.
By default, the SCR is set to 4716 cells/s. Table 11-2 lists the valid ranges for each
Bay Networks ATM router.
Table 11-2.
Valid SCR Ranges
ATM Router
Range (Cells/s)
ATM FRE2 OC-3 SONET/SDH ILI pairs
300 through 365566
ATM ARE OC-3 SONET/SDH ILI pairs
0, 128 through 353207
Model 5780
0, 128 through 353207
ATM ARE DS-3 ILI pairs
0, 128 through 96000
ATM ARE E-3 ILI pairs; G832 Framing Mode
0, 128 through 80000
ATM ARE E-3 ILI pairs; G751 Framing Mode
0, 128 through 72000
For additional information about traffic parameters, refer to “ATM Traffic
Parameters” in Chapter 2.
Site Manager: Xmit Sustainable Cell Rate (cells/s): page A-57
114056 Rev. A
11-5
Configuring ATM Services
Setting the MBS
For ATM FRE2 ILI pairs, the MBS is the maximum length of a cell stream
allowed on a particular VC. The MBS specifies the maximum number of
sequential cells allowed on a VC before that VC must relinquish bandwidth to
other VCs waiting to transmit. This burst occurs at or close to the Peak Cell Rate.
When setting the MBS, we suggest that you select a value larger than the largest
packet your PVC or Control VC can transmit (that is, the Maximum AAL CPCS
Transmit SDU size). For example, if your VC accepts packets that are less than
2358 bytes long (PVC default), set your MBS value between 45 and 50 cells.
Note: ATM ARE ILI pairs ignore the maximum burst size.
By default, the MBS is set to 40 cells. However, you can adjust this value from 1
through 65535 cells.
As a guideline, use this formula to determine your MBS value:
Maximum Packet Size (in bytes)
48 bytes/cell
=
MBS value (in cells)
=
96 cells
for example:
4608 bytes (default)
48 bytes/cell
ATM0016A
For additional information about traffic parameters, refer to “ATM Traffic
Parameters” in Chapter 2.
Site Manager: Xmit Burst Size (cells): page A-59
11-6
114056 Rev. A
Customizing Signaling and ILMI Control VCs
Modifying the Maximum AAL CPCS SDU Size
The maximum AAL CPCS SDU value defines the maximum packet size you
intend the control VC to transmit or receive.
Setting the Transmit SDU Size
We suggest that you accept the default value of 4608 bytes for maximum AAL
CPCS SDU size that the control VC supports in the transmit direction. Most
packet sizes fall well within this limit. However, you can set this value from 1
through 65535 bytes.
Site Manager: Maximum AAL CPCS Transmit SDU Size: page A-59
Setting the Receive SDU Size
We suggest that you accept the default value of 4608 bytes for maximum AAL
CPCS SDU size that the control VC supports in the receive direction. Most
packet sizes fall well within this limit. However, you can set this value from 1
through 65535 bytes.
Site Manager: Maximum AAL CPCS Receive SDU Size: page A-60
114056 Rev. A
11-7
Configuring ATM Services
Where to Go Next
Use the following table to determine where you want to go next.
11-8
For information about
Go to
Starting ATM
Chapter 1
General ATM information
Chapter 2
General Classical IP over ATM information
Chapter 3
General LAN emulation information
Chapter 4
Customizing an ATM line
Chapter 5
Customizing an ATM interface or service record
Chapter 6
Customizing PVCs
Chapter 7
Customizing a LAN emulation client
Chapter 8
Customizing signaling
Chapter 9
Customizing ILMI
Chapter 10
Customizing SAAL
Chapter 12
Accessing Site Manager parameters
Appendix A
Site Manager defaults
Appendix B
ATM log files
Appendix C
114056 Rev. A
Chapter 12
Customizing SAAL
As defined by the ATM Forum, the SAAL resides between the ATM layer and the
Q.2931 signaling layer. SAAL reliably transports signaling messages between
peer Q.2931 entities over the ATM layer (Figure 12-1).
Q.2931
Protocol
Q.SAAL
Data
Encapsulation
ATM Adaptation Layer
(AAL 5)
ATM Layer
Physical Layer
ATM0039A
Figure 12-1. SVC/PVC Signaling Protocol Stack
Bay Networks routers support SAAL functions as defined in the ATM Forum
ATM User-Network Interface specification (Versions 3.0 and 3.1).
114056 Rev. A
12-1
Configuring ATM Services
Enabling or Disabling SAAL
By default, SAAL is enabled on an interface when you create the circuit.
However, you can enable or disable signaling on an interface at any time.
Site Manager: Enable: page A-61
Defining the Link Connection Arbitration
Link Connection Arbitration defines whether SAAL initiates link connections
(active, the default value) or waits for connections (passive).
Site Manager: Link Connection Arbitration: page A-62
Modifying SAAL Timers
You can set several different signaling timers. Table 12-1 gives the timer defaults,
ranges, and descriptions.
Table 12-1.
Signaling Timer Descriptions
Name
Default
Range
Description
Poll Timer
7
1 through 120
Defines the SSCOP Poll Timer value (in tenths of a second).
This value sets the allowable time between POLL PDU
transmissions.
The poll timer ensures that the receiver continues to return a
solicited status (STAT) PDU to the sender on a regular basis.
The timely receipt of STAT PDUs restarts the poll timer and
allows for more efficient transmission error recovery.
Keep Alive
Timer
20
1 through 120
Defines the SSCOP Keep Alive Timer value (in tenths of a
second). This value sets the allowable time between POLL
PDU transmissions if there are no pending sequence data
(SD) PDUs.
The keep alive timer is generally greater than the poll timer
and greater than the length of one round-trip delay.
(continued)
12-2
114056 Rev. A
Customizing SAAL
Table 12-1.
Signaling Timer Descriptions (continued)
Name
Default
Range
Description
No
Response
Timer
70
1 through 120
Defines the SSCOP No Response Timer value (in tenths of a
second). This value sets the allowable time between the
receipt of STAT PDUs.
So as not to interrupt the flow of data, the SSCOP does not
require a reply to every POLL PDU. This can cause problems
in detecting a broken connection. To alleviate this problem, the
No Response timer runs parallel to the poll timer. If both the
No Response timer and the poll timer expire, the SSCOP
clears the connection.
The No Response Timer value must equal at least the sum of
the Keep Alive Timer plus the length of one round-trip delay.
Connection 10
Control
Timer
1 through 120
Defines the SSCOP Connection Control (CC) Timer value (in
tenths of a second). This value sets the allowable time
between the transmission of BGN, END, resynchronization
(RS), and error recovery (ER) PDUs, as long as the sender
has not received an acknowledgment to any of these PDUs.
The CC Timer must equal at least the length of one round-trip
delay.
Site Manager: Poll Timer: page A-62
Site Manager: Keep Alive Timer: page A-62
Site Manager: No Response Timer: page A-63
Site Manager: Connection Control Timer: page A-63
114056 Rev. A
12-3
Configuring ATM Services
Defining PDU Values
SAAL allows you to define several SSCOP values that control PDUs.
Setting the SSCOP Maximum Connection Control Value
The SSCOP Maximum CC value sets the maximum number of times the sender
can transmit a BGN, END, RS, or ER PDU.
By default, the sender can transmit up to four (4) of these messages. However, you
can set this value from 1 through 20 messages.
Site Manager: Connection Control Timer: page A-63
Setting the SSCOP Maximum Poll Data Value
The SSCOP Maximum Poll Data value sets the maximum value of the poll data
state variable before transmitting a POLL PDU. The poll data state variable
increments upon transmission of a sequenced data (SD) PDU and resets to zero
upon transmission of a POLL PDU.
By default, the Maximum Poll Data value sets the poll data state to 25. However,
you can set this value from 1 through 120.
Site Manager: Max PD Before Poll: page A-64
12-4
114056 Rev. A
Customizing SAAL
Setting the SSCOP Maximum STAT PDU Value
The SSCOP Maximum STAT PDU value sets the maximum number of list
elements allowed in a STAT PDU.
The sending device uses this value for segmentation purposes. When the number
of list elements exceeds the Max STAT value, the STAT message segments. As a
general rule, the default value, 67, causes the STAT PDU to fill six ATM cells
using AAL 5.
You can set this value to odd integers from 3 through 119.
Site Manager: Max STAT PDU Elements: page A-64
Where to Go Next
Use the following table to determine where you want to go next.
114056 Rev. A
For information about
Go to
Starting ATM
Chapter 1
General ATM information
Chapter 2
General Classical IP over ATM information
Chapter 3
General LAN emulation information
Chapter 4
Customizing an ATM line
Chapter 5
Customizing an ATM interface or service record
Chapter 6
Customizing PVCs
Chapter 7
Customizing a LAN emulation client
Chapter 8
Customizing signaling
Chapter 9
Customizing ILMI
Chapter 10
Customizing signaling and ILMI control VCs
Chapter 11
Accessing Site Manager parameters
Appendix A
Site Manager defaults
Appendix B
ATM log files
Appendix C
12-5
Appendix A
Site Manager Parameters
Once you enable an ATM circuit, you can use the Configuration Manager to edit
ATM parameters. Many ATM parameters are interdependent; how you edit some
parameters depends on how you set others.
Accessing ATM Parameters
You can access the same ATM parameters using either
•
A window path
•
A menu path
Both of these paths begin in the Configuration Manager window.
Although you can access the same ATM parameters using either path, the
information provided by each access method is slightly different.
Note: The Protocols menu in the Configuration Manager does not provide
access to ATM line parameters. Since line parameters are specific to an
interface, you can access these parameters through a specific ATM interface.
Using the Window Path
The Edit ATM Connector window acts as a control access point for all ATM
parameters. This window provides information specific to each individual ATM
interface you select.
For any given interface, this window provides several attribute buttons. By
clicking on any of these buttons, you can access and edit various parameters
associated with that specific ATM interface (connector).
114056 Rev. A
A-1
Configuring ATM Services
The Edit ATM Connector window separates the attribute buttons into the
following categories:
•
Lines
•
Interfaces
•
Service Records
•
Signaling
•
Signaling AAL (SAAL)
•
ILMI
The Edit ATM Connector window also allows you to delete ATM from the
interface entirely.
To open the Edit ATM Connector window:
1.
Click on an ATM link module interface (labeled ATM1) in the
Configuration Manager window.
— If you have not already enabled the interface, the Add Circuit window
opens. Go to Chapter 1 to learn how to start ATM.
— If the interface is already enabled, the Edit ATM Connector window
opens.
2.
Click on the desired attribute category.
To learn more about how to navigate within each ATM attribute category, go to the
section(s) in this chapter that describes that category.
To learn more about how to edit the different ATM parameters, go to the chapter
that describes how to edit a specific attribute category.
A-2
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Table A-1 lists each attribute category and its location.
Table A-1.
Finding Attribute Categories
Attribute Category
Go to
Service [Record] Attributes
Chapter 6
Interface Attributes
Chapter 6
Line Attributes
Chapter 5
ATM Signaling
Chapter 9
SAAL
Chapter 12
ILMI
Chapter 10
Using the Menu Path
The Protocols menu in the Configuration Manager window provides global
information about every ATM interface on the router. For example, if you
configure four ATM link modules on the router, and you select Service Records
from the Protocols menu, the ATM Service Records List window displays all of
the service records that you have configured on the router.
To access an ATM attribute category window:
1.
Click on the Configuration Manager Protocols menu.
2.
Click on ATM.
3.
Click on the desired ATM attribute category in the menu.
To learn more about how to navigate within each ATM attribute category, go to the
section in this chapter that describes that category.
To learn more about how to edit the different ATM parameters, go to the chapter
that describes how to edit a specific attribute category.
114056 Rev. A
A-3
Configuring ATM Services
Table A-2 lists each attribute category and its location.
Table A-2.
Finding Attribute Categories
Attribute Category
Go to
Service Records
Chapter 6
ATM Signaling
Chapter 9
SAAL
Chapter 12
ILMI
Chapter 10
Interfaces
Chapter 6
Note: The Protocols menu in the Configuration Manager does not provide
access to ATM line parameters. Since line parameters are specific to an
interface, you can access these parameters through a specific ATM interface.
A-4
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
ATM Line Parameter Descriptions
The type of ATM link module you use determines what line details you must edit.
Figure A-1 shows the window sequence for the line attributes category.
Configuration Manager
window
ATM1
Edit ATM Connector window
Line Attributes
Done
ATM/ARE Line Driver
Attributes window
OK
ATM0040A
Figure A-1.
Line Attributes Window Sequence
ATM FRE2 Line Details
This section describes how to edit the line details for ATM FRE2 link modules.
Parameter: Enable
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
114056 Rev. A
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
Enable
Enable | Disable
Enables or disables the ATM circuit for this connector.
Select Enable or Disable.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.2.1.1.2
A-5
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: Data Path Notify
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
Enable
Enable | Disable
Enables or disables the Data Path Notify function, which disables the data path
interface when the physical interface becomes nonoperational.
Instructions: Accept the default, Enable, if you want to disable the data path interface when
the physical interface becomes nonoperational. Select Disable if you do not
want the router to disable the data path interface when the physical interface
becomes nonoperational.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.2.1.1.14
Parameter: Data Path Notify Timeout
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
3 seconds
0 through 3600 seconds
Specifies the number of seconds to wait before implementing the Data Path
Notify function. Enabling Data Path Notify sets a timer to this value when the
state of the physical interface changes from operational to nonoperational.
Instructions: Either accept the default value, 3 seconds, or specify a new value.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.2.1.1.15
Parameter: SVC Inactivity Timeout Enable
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
Enable
Enable | Disable
If you select Enable, the router disables any switched virtual circuit (SVC) on
which the router receives or transmits no cells for the number of seconds you
specify using the SVC Inactivity Timeout (Secs) parameter.If you select
Disable, the router keeps SVCs open unless you close them by another method.
Instructions: Select Enable or Disable.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.2.1.1.28
A-6
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: SVC Inactivity Timeout (Secs)
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
1200 seconds
60 through 3600 seconds
If the router receives or transmits no cells on an SVC for this number of
seconds, it closes the SVC, providing that you set the SVC Inactivity Timeout
Enable parameter to Enable.
Instructions: Enter an appropriate time, and be sure to set the SVC Inactivity Timeout Enable
parameter to Enable.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.2.1.10
ATM FRE2 Physical Attributes
Edit ATM FRE2 physical attributes only when configuring a SONET OC-3 line.
Parameter: Framing Mode
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
SONET
SDH | SONET
Specifies either SDH or SONET framing mode.
Select SDH or SONET.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.2.11.1.4
Parameter: Scrambling
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
Enable
Enable | Disable
Enabling scrambling randomizes cell payload sufficiently to guarantee cell
synchronization. If you select Disable, cell synchronization problems may
result.
Instructions: Select Enable or Disable.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.2.11.1.5
114056 Rev. A
A-7
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: Loopback
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
Disable
Enable | Disable
Specifies whether or not to use loopback diagnostic mode on this line. In
loopback diagnostic mode, the router retransmits received data to the sender.
Instructions: Select Enable or Disable.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.2.11.1.7
Parameter: Cell Insertion
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
Unassigned
Idle | Unassigned
In the absence of user cells, the framer device fills idle bandwidth with either
idle or unassigned cells.
Instructions: Select Idle or Unassigned.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.2.11.1.49
A-8
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
ATM ARE Line Details
This section describes how to edit the line details for ATM ARE link modules and
the Model 5780 ATM router.
Parameter: Enable
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
Enable
Enable | Disable
Enables or disables the driver.
Select Enable or Disable.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.3.2.1.2
Parameter: Interface MTU
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
114056 Rev. A
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
4608
1 through 9188 octets
Specifies the largest packet size that the router can transmit on this interface.
Enter a value that is appropriate for the network.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.3.2.1.9
A-9
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: Data Path Enable
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
Enable
Enable | Disable
If you disconnect the cable from the ATM module, this parameter specifies
whether or not the router disables the interface between the driver and the
higher-level software (the data path interface).
If you select Enable, when you disconnect the cable from the ATM, the router
disables the data path interface after the time you specify with the Data Path
Notify Timeout parameter.
If you select Disable, the router does not disable the data path interface when
you disconnect the cable from the ATM module.
Instructions: Select Enable or Disable. If you select Enable, be sure to enter an appropriate
value for the Data Path Notify Timeout parameter.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.3.2.1.11
Parameter: Data Path Notify Timeout
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
1 second
0 through 3600 seconds
Defines the time the router waits before disabling the data path interface when
you disconnect the cable from the ATM module, providing that you set the Data
Path Enable parameter to Enable.
Instructions: Accept the default or enter an appropriate time value.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.3.2.1.12
A-10
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: SVC Inactivity Timeout Enable
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
Enable
Enable | Disable
If you select Enable, the router disables any switched virtual circuit (SVC) on
which the router receives or transmits no cells for the number of seconds you
specify using the SVC Inactivity Timeout (Secs) parameter.
If you select Disable, the router keeps SVCs open unless you close them by
another method.
Instructions: Select Enable or Disable.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.3.2.1.13
Parameter: SVC Inactivity Timeout (Secs)
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
1200 seconds
60 through 3600 seconds
If the router receives or transmits no cells on an SVC for this number of
seconds, it closes the SVC, providing that you set the SVC Inactivity Timeout
Enable parameter to Enable.
Instructions: Enter an appropriate time, and be sure to set the SVC Inactivity Timeout Enable
parameter to Enable.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.3.2.1.14
Parameter: Framing Mode
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
SONET
SDH | SONET | CBIT | M23 | G751 | G832
Specifies the transceiver mode for the physical interface.
Select a transceiver mode as follows:
• SDH or SONET for OC-3 modules
• CBIT or M23 for DS3 modules
• G751 or G832 for E3 modules
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.3.2.1.17
114056 Rev. A
A-11
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: Clocking Signal Source
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
Internal
Internal | External
Specifies whether the router uses its internal clock or an external clock for time
signals on this interface.
Instructions: Select Internal to use the router’s clock; select External to use an external clock.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.3.2.1.18
Parameter: DS3 Line Build Out
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
Short
Short | Long
Conditions router signals to mitigate attenuation, which depends on the physical
length of the line.
You can set this parameter only when using DS3 modules.
Instructions: Select Short for lines shorter than 225 ft; select Long for lines 225 ft or longer.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.3.2.1.23
A-12
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: DS3 Scrambling
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Circuits > Edit Circuits > Edit > Line Attributes
On
On | Off
If you select On, the router randomizes cell payload sufficiently to guarantee
cell synchronization. If you select Off, cell synchronization problems may
result.
Note that ATM devices with different scrambling settings cannot communicate.
For example, if you configure a router to enable scrambling, and configure a hub
to disable scrambling, the router and hub cannot communicate.
You can only set this parameter when using DS3 modules.
Instructions: Select On or Off. If you select On, be sure to enable scrambling for all devices
on the network. If you select Off, be sure to disable scrambling for all devices on
the network.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.3.2.1.22
114056 Rev. A
A-13
Configuring ATM Services
ATM Interface Parameter Descriptions
Interface parameters define the state of the ATM interface. Figure A-2 shows the
window sequence for the interface attributes category.
Configuration Manager
window
ATM1
Edit ATM Connector window
Interface Attributes
Done
ATM Interface
Attributes window
Done
ATM0041A
Figure A-2.
Interface Attributes Window Sequence
Parameter: Administrative State
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Interfaces
Up
Up | Down
Specifies whether this interface is enabled or disabled.
Accept the default, Up, if you want traffic to flow over this interface. Set the
state to Down if you do not want traffic to flow over this interface.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.1.1.3
A-14
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: Enable ATM Signaling
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Interfaces
Enable
Enable | Disable
Specifies whether ATM signaling is enabled or disabled for this interface.
Signaling allows you to configure switched features (for example, SVCs and
LANE) on the interface.
If you do not intend to configure any switched features on this interface (that is,
you want this interface to run only PVCs), disabling this parameter makes
additional system resources available.
Instructions: Accept the default, Enable, if you want to enable signaling on this interface. Set
the state to Disable if you want to disable signaling on this interface.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.1.1.16
114056 Rev. A
A-15
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: Use Hardware MAC Address
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Interfaces
Enable
Enable | Disable
Specifies whether or not to use the hardware MAC address for this interface.
When enabled, the Configuration Manager uses the ATM hardware MAC
address of the link module for the endstation identifier when automatically
generating the user part (suffix) of an SVC service record ATM address.
When disabled, the Configuration Manager uses the value specified in the MAC
Address Override parameter to define the endstation identifier when
automatically generating the user part (suffix) of an SVC service record ATM
address.
Instructions: Accept the default, Enable, if you want to use the MAC address of the ATM
interface when automatically generating the endstation identifier portion of the
ATM address user part.
Set this parameter to Disable if you want to use the MAC Address Override
value when automatically generating the endstation identifier portion of the
ATM address user part.
If you set this parameter to Disable, you must enter a value for the MAC
Address Override parameter.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.1.1.18
A-16
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: MAC Address Override
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Interfaces
None
Any valid MAC address
Redefines the hardware MAC address for this interface. Also defines the
endstation identifier for this interface when automatically generating the user
part (suffix) of an SVC service record ATM address.
Using the MAC Address Override parameter is very helpful when you want to
“hot-swap” ATM link modules.
For example, when “hot-swapping” ATM link modules, you can enter the MAC
address of the original ATM link module as the MAC Address Override value
for the new ATM link module. This allows you to keep the information you have
already configured on the existing ATM link module while maintaining the
integrity of the existing client information on the network.
Instructions: Enter a valid MAC address.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.1.1.19
ATM Service Record Parameter Descriptions
Service record parameters define the ATM service records for an interface. The
ATM Service Records List window also provides access to
•
Specific PVC parameters (PVC service records only)
•
A list of all SVCs on that service record (SVC service records only)
•
Access to LEC attributes (SVC service records using LANE data
encapsulation)
Figure A-3 shows the sequence of windows that can appear when you select the
service attributes category and configure a PVC.
114056 Rev. A
A-17
Configuring ATM Services
Configuration Manager
window
ATM1
Edit ATM Connector window
Service Attributes
Done
ATM Service Records
List window
Done
ATM Service Record
Parameters window
Add
Cancel
PVC
OK
ATM Virtual Channel
Link window
Select Protocols window
Done
Cancel
Add
OK
ATM Virtual Channel
Link Parameters window
Cancel
OK
ATM0042A
Figure A-3.
Service Attributes Window Sequence (PVCs)
Figure A-4 shows the sequence of windows that can appear when you select the
service attributes category and configure an SVC with LANE.
A-18
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Configuration Manager
window
ATM1
Edit ATM Connector window
Service Attributes
Done
ATM Service Records
List window
Done
ATM Service Record
Parameters window
Add
Cancel
SVC
OK
LEC
Select Protocols window
LAN Emulation
Parameters window
Cancel
Cancel
OK
OK
ATM Switched Virtual
Circuit List window
Done
ATM0043A
Figure A-4.
Service Attributes Window Sequence (SVCs with LANE)
Note: With the exception of the LAN Emulation Parameters window, the
service attributes window sequence for an SVC running LLC/SNAP or NULL
data encapsulation (RFC 1577) is the same as in Figure A-4.
114056 Rev. A
A-19
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: Enable/Disable
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records
Enable
Enable | Disable
Enables or disables this service record.
Accept the default, Enable, if you want traffic to flow on this service record and
its VCs. Set to Disable if you do not want traffic to flow on this service record or
any of its VCs.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.2.1.2
Parameter: Data Encapsulation Type
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > Add
LANE (signaling enabled) or LLC/SNAP (signaling disabled)
LANE | LLC/SNAP | NLPID | NULL
Identifies the data encapsulation type for this service record.
You can use this parameter to select
• LLC/SNAP, NLPID, or NULL data encapsulation for service records
containing PVCs
• LLC/SNAP data encapsulation for service records containing hybrid PVCs
• LANE for service records containing SVCs over which you want to run LAN
emulation
• LLC/SNAP or NULL for service records containing SVCs over which you
want to run classical IP (RFC 1577)
If you select NULL, the router interprets this as virtual, channel-based
multiplexing, which is not supported for bridging.
Instructions: Select a data encapsulation type.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.2.1.5
A-20
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: Virtual Connection Type
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > Add
SVC (signaling enabled) or PVC (signaling disabled)
PVC | SVC
Identifies the virtual connection type of this service record.
Accept the default, SVC, if you want the service record to contain switched
virtual circuits. Select PVC if you want the service record to contain permanent
virtual circuits.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.2.1.7
Parameter: User Part Autogeneration
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > Add
and
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
114056 Rev. A
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records
Enable
Enable | Disable
Enables or disables autogeneration of the ATM Address User Part (see the next
parameter). Depending on the settings in the ATM Interface Attributes window,
the ATM Address User Part contains either the hardware MAC address or a
MAC address override value.
Accept the default, Enable, if you want the Configuration Manager to
automatically generate the ATM Address User Part for any SVC service record
that you add to this interface.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.2.1.11
A-21
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: ATM Addr User Part
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > Add
and
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records
Default: None
Options: 00000000000000 through FEFFFFFFFFFFFF
Function: The Configuration Manager allows you to autogenerate this parameter (see the
User Part Autogeneration parameter). Depending on the settings in the ATM
Interface Attributes window, this parameter can autogenerate this address using
• The 6-byte hardware MAC address of the ATM interface
• A MAC Address Override value that you specify
In both cases, autogeneration creates a unique selector byte for each service
record on the interface.
Instructions: Enter a value in the range specified.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.2.1.9
Parameter: ATM Addr Net Prefix (Optional)
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > Add
and
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records
Default: None
Options: XX000000000000000000000000 through XXFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF
where XX = 39, 45, or 47
Function: Defines the Network Prefix of the ATM address for this service record. The
network prefix specifies the ATM domain of which this service record is a part.
The XX byte must contain 39, 45, or 47. These values define the authority and
format identifier (AFI). The AFI byte identifies the group responsible for
allocating the prefix and the format the prefix uses. For more information about
the AFI byte, refer to the ATM Forum UNI specification (Version 3.0).
Instructions: Setting this parameter is optional. If you do not enter an ATM Address Network
Prefix in the range specified above, the service record accepts the first prefix
value that it receives from the switch.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.2.1.8
A-22
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: Emulated LAN Name
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > Add
and
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records
Default: Default ELAN
Options: Leave blank or enter up to 128 alphanumeric characters
Function: Identifies the name of the emulated LAN that this LE client joins when it joins
an emulated LAN. Clients that use Automatic configuration mode use this
parameter in their LE_CONFIGURE_REQUEST frames. Clients that use
Manual configuration mode use this parameter in their LE_JOIN_REQUEST
frames.
Entering an ELAN name is optional. However, if you do not enter an ELAN
name, the LAN emulation client server (LECS) assigns the LE client to an
ELAN for this domain.
Instructions: Either leave this parameter blank or enter an ELAN name (up to 128
alphanumeric characters) that identifies the emulated LAN you want this client
to join.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.8
114056 Rev. A
A-23
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: Emulated LAN Type
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
Unspecified
Unspecified | IEEE8023
Indicates the data frame format this client uses when it joins an emulated LAN.
Clients that use Automatic configuration mode use this parameter in their
LE_CONFIGURE_REQUEST frames to specify the LAN type. Clients that use
Manual configuration mode use this parameter in their LE_JOIN_REQUEST
frames to specify the LAN type.
Selecting manual configuration mode (refer to the parameter description above)
requires that you set the Emulated LAN Type to IEEE8023.
Instructions: Accept the default, Unspecified, if you want the client to obtain the LAN type
from the LAN emulation configuration server (LECS) when it joins an emulated
LAN. Select IEEE8023 if you want the client to join only Ethernet emulated
LANs.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.6
Parameter: MTU
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records
4608
0 through 9188
Defines the Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU), in bytes, that this service
record can send. The MTU size is typically determined by the driver. However,
this parameter allows you to override the driver default to accommodate
connection to devices that require different MTU sizes.
Instructions: Accept the default or enter an MTU size for this service record.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.2.1.12
Note: For full compatibility with RFC 1577, you may have to specify an MTU
size of 9188 bytes.
A-24
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
ATM Virtual Channel Link Parameter Descriptions
Note: ATM does not allow duplicate VPI/VCI pairs on the same physical
interface. However, duplicate VPI/VCI pairs can exist on different physical
interfaces.
Parameter: VPI Number
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > PVC > Add
None
0 through 255
Identifies the virtual path of the PVC. The VPI is part of the cell header. The
header can contain a maximum of 8 VPI bits for a UNI connection. This bit
range allows for path identifiers from 0 to 255.
Instructions: Enter a value from 0 through 255.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.5.1.3
Note: Following the recommendation of the ATM Forum, virtual channel
identifiers from 0 through 31 are reserved for signaling and added
functionality.
114056 Rev. A
A-25
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: VCI Number
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > PVC > Add
None
32 through 65535
Identifies the virtual channel of the PVC. The VCI is part of the cell header. The
header can contain a maximum of 16 VCI bits. This bit range allows for path
identifiers from 0 through 65535.
Instructions: Enter a value from 32 through 65535.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.5.1.4
Note: Following the recommendation of the ATM Forum, virtual channel
identifiers from 0 through 31 are reserved for signaling and added
functionality.
Parameter: Hybrid/Bridged VC
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > PVC
No
Yes | No
Specifies whether the VC is set to hybrid access mode.
Accept the default, No, if you want the VC to work in group access mode only.
Set to Yes if you want the VC to operate as a hybrid VC.
For more information about the group and hybrid access modes, refer to “PVC
Access Methods” in Chapter 2.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.5.1.25
A-26
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: Administrative State
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > PVC
Up
Up | Down
Specifies the administrative state of the PVC. The Up state indicates that traffic
flow is enabled on this PVC. The Down state indicates that traffic flow is
disabled on this PVC.
Instructions: Accept the default, Up, if you want traffic to flow on this PVC. Set the state to
Down if you do not want traffic to flow on this PVC.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.5.1.5
Parameter: Xmit Peak Cell Rate (cells/s)
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > PVC
Default: 2358
Options: 300 through 365566 (ATM FRE2 OC-3 SONET/SDH ILI pairs)
128 through 353207 (ATM ARE OC-3 SONET/SDH ILI pairs and
Model 5780 ATM routers)
128 through 96000 (ATM ARE DS-3 ILI pairs)
128 through 80000 (ATM ARE E-3 ILI pairs; G832 Framing Mode)
128 through 72000 (ATM ARE E-3 ILI pairs; G751 Framing Mode)
Function: Specifies the upper traffic limit, in cells/s, that the ATM connection can submit.
How you set the peak cell rate depends on
• The optical transmission rate of your ATM device
• The amount of traffic you expect on a particular VC
• The rate you desire for each VC
Instructions: After you determine the transmission rate of your ATM device, set the peak cell
rate within the range specified above.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.5.1.8
114056 Rev. A
A-27
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: Xmit Sustainable Cell Rate (cells/s)
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > PVC
Default: 2358
Options: 300 through 365566 (ATM FRE2 OC-3 SONET/SDH ILI pairs)
0, 128 through 353207 (ATM ARE OC-3 SONET/SDH ILI pairs and
Model 5780 ATM routers)
0, 128 through 96000 (ATM ARE DS-3 ILI pairs)
0, 128 through 80000 (ATM ARE E-3 ILI pairs; G832 Framing Mode)
0, 128 through 72000 (ATM ARE E-3 ILI pairs; G751 Framing Mode)
Function: Specifies the upper limit of the ATM connection conforming average rate. The
average rate equals the total number of cells transmitted, divided by the duration
of the connection.
Using the sustainable cell rate (SCR), you can define the future cell flow of a VC
in greater detail than by just using the peak cell rate.
For ATM FRE2 ILI pairs, specifying the SCR controls the rate over time -- not
at a specific instant of time -- and can help you more efficiently use your
network resources.
For ATM ARE ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers, the SCR maps directly to
the minimum cell rate (MCR). The MCR defines the minimum amount of
guaranteed bandwidth allowed for PVCs and Control VCs on the ATM line.
When setting the SCR for ATM FRE2 ILI pairs, keep the following in mind:
• The SCR is essentially a future average. By setting the SCR you are
specifying the cell rate, over time, to which you want the VC to conform.
• To be useful, the SCR must not exceed the PCR.
• If you know the user average rate, set the SCR about 10 percent higher than
this value.
• ATM FRE2 ILI pairs require a minimum SCR value of 300 cells/s. PVCs may
fail to operate with SCR values less than 300 cells/s.
(continued)
A-28
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: Xmit Sustainable Cell Rate (cells/s) (continued)
When setting the SCR for ATM ARE ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers,
keep the following in mind:
• The SCR maps directly to the MCR.
• The MCR provides guaranteed bandwidth for PVCs and Control VCs while
allowing sufficient bandwidth for SVCs to operate.
• To be useful, the SCR must not exceed the PCR.
• If you know the user average rate, set the SCR about 10 percent higher than
this value.
• ATM ARE ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers require a minimum SCR
value of 128 cells/s. VCs may fail to operate with SCR values less than 128
cells/s.
• ATM ARE ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers allow you to enter an SCR
value of 0. Entering 0 for the SCR turns off this function.
• The E-3 framing mode setting affects the maximum SCR.
Instructions: After you determine the transmission rate of your ATM device, set the
sustainable cell rate within the range specified under “Options.” For ATM ARE
ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers, you can enter 0 to turn off this function.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.5.1.9
114056 Rev. A
A-29
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: Xmit Burst Size (cells)
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > PVC
40
1 through 65535
For ATM FRE2 ILI pairs, the maximum burst size (MBS) is the maximum
length of a cell stream on a particular VC. The MBS specifies the maximum
number of sequential cells allowed on a VC, at the peak cell rate, before the VC
must relinquish bandwidth to other VCs.
When you set the MBS, we suggest that you select a value larger than the largest
packet your PVC or control VC can transmit (that is, the Maximum AAL CPCS
Transmit SDU size). For example, if your VC accepts packets that are less than
2358 bytes long (PVC default), set your MBS value between 45 and 50 cells.
Instructions: Set a value in the specified range.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.5.1.10
Note: ATM ARE ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers ignore the maximum
burst size.
Parameter: Maximum AAL CPCS Transmit SDU Size
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > PVC
4608
1 through 65535
Specifies the maximum AAL CPCS SDU size, in bytes, that this VC supports in
the transmit direction.
Instructions: Enter an octet value that represents the maximum packet size you intend this VC
to transmit. We suggest that you accept the default value of 4608 bytes. Most
packets fall well within this limit.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.5.1.17
A-30
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: Maximum AAL CPCS Receive SDU Size
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > PVC
4608
1 through 65535
Specifies the maximum AAL CPCS SDU size, in bytes, that this VC supports in
the receive direction.
Instructions: Enter an octet value that represents the maximum packet size you intend this VC
to receive. We suggest that you accept the default value of 4608 bytes. Most
packets fall well within this limit.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.5.1.18
Parameter: Data Encapsulation Type
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > PVC
LLC/SNAP
LLC/SNAP | NLPID | NULL
Specifies the type of data encapsulation used over AAL 5 SSCS layers.
Use this parameter to select LLC/SNAP, NLPID, or NULL data encapsulation
for
• All PVCs on a particular service record
• Hybrid PVCs
Instructions: We recommend selecting LLC/SNAP. If you select NULL, the router interprets
this as virtual, channel-based multiplexing, which is not supported for bridging.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.5.1.19
114056 Rev. A
A-31
Configuring ATM Services
LAN Emulation Parameter Descriptions
Parameter: Enable
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
Enable
Enable | Disable
Enables or disables LAN emulation on this service record.
Accept the default, Enable, if you want LAN emulation to remain enabled on
this service record. Select Disable if you do not want LAN emulation enabled on
this service record.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.2
Parameter: Owner
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
None
Leave blank or enter up to 128 alphanumeric characters
Identifies this LAN emulation client. This parameter is optional.
Either leave this parameter blank or enter a text string (up to 128 alphanumeric
characters) to identify this LAN emulation client.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.4
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
Parameter: Configuration Mode
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
Automatic
Automatic | Manual
Indicates whether this LAN emulation client configures automatically (that is,
uses information from the LECS) or manually (that is, uses information from the
LAN Emulation Parameters window).
Instructions: Accept the default, Automatic, if you want this client to configure automatically.
Select Manual if you do not want the router to autoconfigure.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.5
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
A-32
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: Emulated LAN Type
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
Unspecified
Unspecified | IEEE8023
Indicates the data frame format this client uses when it joins an emulated LAN.
Clients that use Automatic configuration mode use this parameter in their
LE_CONFIGURE_REQUEST frames to specify the LAN type. Clients that use
Manual configuration mode use this parameter in their LE_JOIN_REQUEST
frames to specify the LAN type.
Selecting manual configuration mode (refer to the parameter description above)
requires that you set the Emulated LAN Type to IEEE8023.
Instructions: Accept the default, Unspecified, if you want the client to obtain the LAN type
from the LAN emulation configuration server (LECS) when it joins an emulated
LAN. Select IEEE8023 if you want the client to join only Ethernet emulated
LANs.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.6
Parameter: Maximum Data Frame Size
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
Unspecified
Unspecified | 1516
Defines the maximum data frame size (in octets) that this client uses when it
joins an emulated LAN. Clients that use Automatic configuration mode use this
parameter in their LE_CONFIGURE_REQUEST frames. Clients that use
Manual configuration mode use this parameter in their LE_JOIN_REQUEST
frames.
Selecting Manual configuration mode automatically sets the Maximum Data
Frame Size to 1516.
Instructions: Accept the default, Unspecified, if you want the client to obtain the maximum
data frame size when it joins an emulated LAN. Select 1516 if you want to
designate the maximum data frame size that this client can
• Send on the Multicast Send VCC
• Receive on the Multicast Forward VCC
• Send and receive on Data Direct VCCs
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.7
114056 Rev. A
A-33
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: Emulated LAN Name
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
Default ELAN
Leave blank or enter up to 128 alphanumeric characters.
Identifies the name of the emulated LAN that this LE client joins when it joins
an emulated LAN. Clients that use Automatic configuration mode use this
parameter in their LE_CONFIGURE_REQUEST frames. Clients that use
Manual configuration mode use this parameter in their LE_JOIN_REQUEST
frames.
Entering an ELAN name is optional. However, if you do not enter an ELAN
name, the LAN emulation client server (LECS) assigns the LE client to an
ELAN for this domain.
Instructions: Either leave this parameter blank or enter an ELAN name (up to 128
alphanumeric characters) that identifies the emulated LAN you want this client
to join.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.8
Parameter: LE Server ATM Address
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
None
Any valid ATM address
Defines the LAN emulation server that this client uses when it starts. The client
uses the LAN emulation server to establish the Control Direct VCC. You do not
have to set this address when using Automatic configuration mode.
Instructions: If you select Manual configuration mode, enter the address of the LAN
emulation server. If you select Automatic configuration mode, you do not have
to enter this address.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.9
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
A-34
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: Control Timeout
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
5
5 through 32767
Defines the timeout period used for timing out most request/response control
frame interactions.
Instructions: Accept the default, 5, or enter a value from 5 through 32767.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.10
Parameter: Max Unknown Frame Count
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
1
1 through 10
Defines the maximum number of unknown frames an LE client can send within
the interval specified with the Max Unknown Frame Time parameter. A frame is
considered unknown when the LE client does not recognize the destination
MAC address. In this case, the unknown frame goes to the BUS for distribution.
This parameter helps to limit unknown frame traffic to the BUS.
Instructions: Accept the default, 1, or enter a value from 1 through 10.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.11
114056 Rev. A
A-35
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: Max Unknown Frame Time
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
1
1 through 60
Defines the Maximum Unknown Frame Time value (in seconds). This value
specifies the maximum amount of time allowed to send the number of unknown
frames specified with the Max Unknown Frame Count parameter.
For example, if you use the defaults for these parameters, a LAN emulation
client can send up to one unknown frame within 1 second for any given MAC
address, without having to initiate the address resolution protocol (ARP) to
resolve that MAC address.
This parameter helps to limit unknown frame traffic to the BUS.
Instructions: Accept the default, 1, or enter a value from 1 through 60.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.12
Parameter: VCC Timeout Period Enable
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
Enable
Enable | Disable
Defines the state of the virtual channel connection (VCC) timeout period. When
you enable this parameter, a LAN emulation client may release any unused data
direct or multicast send VCCs after the VCC timeout period expires. The ATM
drivers provide a timeout period of 20 minutes.
Instructions: Accept the default, Enable, if you want this LAN emulation client to release
unused data direct VCCs after the VCC timeout period expires. Select Disable if
you do not want this LAN emulation client to release unused data direct VCCs
after the VCC timeout period expires.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.13
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
A-36
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: Max Retry Count
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
1
1 to 2
Defines the maximum number of times a LAN emulation client can retry an
LE_ARP_REQUEST (following the original request) for a given frame MAC
address.
Instructions: Accept the default, 1, or enter 2 as the new value.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.14
Parameter: Aging Time
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
300
10 through 300
Defines the maximum amount of time (in seconds) that a LAN emulation client
can maintain an entry in its LAN emulation ARP cache without verifying the
relationship of that entry.
Instructions: Accept the default, 300, or enter a value from 10 through 300.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.15
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Parameter: Forward Delay Time
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
15
4 through 30
While there are no changes occurring in network topology, this parameter
defines the maximum amount of time (in seconds) that a LAN emulation client
can maintain an entry in its LAN emulation ARP cache without verifying the
relationship of that entry.
Instructions: Accept the default, 15, or enter a value from 4 through 30.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.16
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
114056 Rev. A
A-37
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: Expected LE_ARP Response Time
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
3
1 through 30
Defines the amount of time (in seconds) that the LAN emulation client expects
an ARP request and ARP response cycle to take. The LAN emulation client uses
this value during retries and verifications.
Instructions: Accept the default, 3, or enter a value from 1 through 30.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.1
Parameter: Flush Timeout
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
4
1 through 4
Defines the amount of time (in seconds) that the LAN emulation client waits to
receive a flush response (after sending a flush request) before it takes recovery
action by switching back to the BUS.
Instructions: Accept the default, 4, or enter a value from 1 through 4.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.18
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Parameter: Path Switching Delay
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
6
1 through 8
Defines the amount of time (in seconds) that the LAN emulation client waits
after sending a frame over an old VCC before it switches to a new VCC (this
applies to multicast and data direct VCCs). You can use this parameter to bypass
the Flush protocol (that is, when you disable the Flush Protocol parameter, the
data for a specific MAC address automatically begins flowing over a new VC
when the Path Switching Delay time elapses).
Instructions: Accept the default, 6, or enter a value from 1 through 8.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.19
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
A-38
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: Flush Protocol
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
Enable
Enable | Disable
Enables or disables the Flush protocol on this LE client.
The Flush protocol ensures that data destined for a particular MAC address
arrives in sequence. Following a flush request, the Flush protocol drops cells
with this MAC address while waiting for
• The flush response for that MAC address
• The flush timeout to expire for that MAC address
If the client receives a flush response for the cell MAC address, the cells for this
MAC address begin flowing over a new virtual circuit. However, if the flush
timeout expires for this MAC address, the cells begin flowing to the BUS.
When disabled, cells containing the same MAC address are dropped while
waiting for the Path Switching Delay parameter to time out. After the Path
Switching Delay time elapses, the data automatically begins flowing over a new
virtual circuit.
Instructions: Accept the default, Enable, if you want the Flush protocol to operate on this
LAN emulation client. Select Disable if you do not want the Flush protocol to
operate on this LAN emulation client.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.25
Parameter: LE Config Server ATM Address
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Service Records > LEC
None
Any valid LAN emulation configuration server (LECS) ATM address
Defines the LECS ATM address. Entering an address for this parameter is
optional. If you do not enter an address, the LE client uses the well-known
LECS ATM address to open a configuration VCC to the configuration service.
Instructions: Leave blank or enter the ATM address of the LECS.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.5.20.1.1.30
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
114056 Rev. A
A-39
Configuring ATM Services
ATM Signaling Parameter Descriptions
ATM Signaling attributes define the connection and timer limits the router uses to
set up, maintain, and clear a switched connection.
The ATM Signaling Parameters window also provides access to the signaling VC
parameters. The signaling VC provides a dedicated VPI (0) and VCI (5) for ATM
signaling functions.
For control VC parameter descriptions, refer to “Signaling and ILMI Control VC
Parameter Descriptions” later in this chapter.
Figure A-5 shows the window sequence for the ATM signaling category.
Configuration Manager
window
ATM1
Edit ATM Connector window
ATM Signaling
Done
ATM Signaling
Parameters window
Done
Sig VC
ATM Control VC for
Signaling window
Done
ATM0044A
Figure A-5.
A-40
ATM Signaling Parameters Window Sequence
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: Enable
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
(This parameter also appears in the Initial ATM Signaling Config window.)
Enable
Enable | Disable
Enables or disables ATM signaling on this interface.
Accept the default, Enable, if you want signaling to remain enabled on this
interface. Set to Disable if you do not want signaling enabled on this interface.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.2
Note: When you disable signaling on the interface, the ATM Service Record
Parameters window automatically sets the Data Encapsulation Type parameter
to LLC/SNAP and the Virtual Connection Type parameter to PVC.
Parameter: Protocol Standard
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
114056 Rev. A
(This parameter also appears in the Initial ATM Signaling Config window.)
UNI_V30
UNI_V30 | UNI_V31
Specifies how the interface defines Service Specific Connection Oriented
Protocol (SSCOP) frames. Version 3.0 and Version 3.1 SSCOP frames are
incompatible.
You must assign the same protocol standard for both the router interface and the
switch. Accept the default, UNI_V30, if the switch uses UNI Version 3.0 to
define SSCOP frames. Select UNI_V31 if the switch uses UNI Version 3.1 to
define SSCOP frames.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.15
A-41
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: Max Number of SVC Applications
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
(This parameter also appears in the Initial ATM Signaling Config window.)
20
1 through 32767
Identifies the maximum number of service access points (SAPs) allowed for this
circuit. The number of SAPs corresponds to the number of LAN emulation or IP
(RFC 1577) clients allowed for the circuit.
Accept the default, 20, or enter a value from 1 through 32767.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.6
Parameter: Max Point to Point Connections
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
(This parameter also appears in the initial ATM Signaling Config window.)
1000
0 through 32767
Identifies the maximum number of simultaneous point-to-point connections
allowed for this circuit.
Accept the default, 1000, or enter a value from 0 through 32767.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.7
Parameter: Max Point to Multipoint Connections
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
(This parameter also appears in the Initial ATM Signaling Config window.)
Default: 40
Options: 0 through 32767
Function: Identifies the maximum number of simultaneous point-to-multipoint
connections allowed for this circuit.
Instructions: Accept the default, 40, or enter a value from 0 through 32767.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.8
A-42
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: Max Parties in Multipoint Connections
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
(This parameter also appears in the Initial ATM Signaling Config window.)
1
0 through 32767
Identifies the maximum number of simultaneous parties in a point-to-multipoint
connection allowed for this circuit.
Accept the default, 1, or enter a value from 0 through 32767.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.9
Parameter: Min Memory Threshold
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
20%
10% | 20% | 30% | 40% | 50% | 60% | 70% | 80% | 90% | 100%
Defines the minimum percentage of buffer memory necessary to enable a new
call.
Instructions: Accept the default, 20%, or select another percentage.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.11
Parameter: VPI
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
0
0 through 255
Defines the virtual path identifier (VPI) for the signaling VC. The signaling VC
is a dedicated VPI/VCI pair reserved for signaling messages.
Instructions: Accept the default value, 0, or enter a value from 0 through 255.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.13
Caution: The signaling VC (0/5) and the ILMI VC (0/16) are reserved. These
VCs remain in an operational state as long as signaling is enabled on the ATM
interface. Because most ATM devices use these VPI/VCI pairs for signaling,
we recommend that you not change these values.
114056 Rev. A
A-43
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: VCI
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
5
1 through 65535
Defines the virtual channel identifier (VCI) for the signaling VC. The signaling
VC is a dedicated VPI/VCI pair reserved for signaling messages.
Instructions: Accept the default, 5, or enter a value from 1 through 65535.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.14
Caution: The signaling VC (0/5) and the ILMI VC (0/16) are reserved. These
VCs remain in an operational state as long as signaling is enabled on the ATM
interface. Because most ATM devices use these VPI/VCI pairs for signaling,
we recommend that you not change these values.
Parameter: T303
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
4
1 through 24
Defines the Setup Sent timer value (in seconds). This timer begins when the
circuit initiates a call/connection request by sending a SETUP message over the
signaling VC.
The Setup Sent timer stops when the circuit receives either a CONNECT
message (indicating connection), CALL PROCEEDING message (indicating
that the network received the SETUP message), or RELEASE COMPLETE
message (indicating the rejection of the SETUP message) from the network.
If the circuit does not receive one of these messages within the allotted time, it
transmits the SETUP message a second time. If the circuit still does not receive
a response, it clears the connection.
Instructions: Accept the default, 4, or enter a value from 1 through 24.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.25
A-44
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: T308
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
30
1 through 180
Defines the Release Sent timer value (in seconds). This timer begins when the
circuit sends a RELEASE message to initiate clearing of an SVC. Sending this
RELEASE message places the network in the Release Request state.
The Release Sent timer stops when the circuit receives either a RELEASE
message (that is, both the circuit and the network sent RELEASE messages at
the same time) or a RELEASE COMPLETE message from the network.
If the timer expires before the circuit receives one of these messages, the circuit
transmits the RELEASE message a second time. If the circuit still does not
receive a response, the circuit releases the call reference and begins a restart
procedure.
Instructions: Accept the default, 30, or enter a value from 1 through 180.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.26
Parameter: T309
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
10
1 through 540
Defines the SAAL Data Link Connect timer value (in seconds). This timer
begins when a Signaling AAL malfunction occurs.
The SAAL Data Link Connect timer stops when the circuit re-establishes SAAL
(that is, when the circuit sends an AAL-ESTABLISH-REQUEST and receives
an AAL-ESTABLISH-CONFIRM message).
If the timer expires before the circuit can re-establish SAAL, the circuit clears
the connection.
Instructions: Accept the default, 10, or enter a value from 1 through 540.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.27
114056 Rev. A
A-45
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: T310
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
10
1 through 60
Defines the Call Proceeding Received timer value (in seconds). This timer
begins when the circuit receives a CALL PROCEEDING message from the
network.
If the signaling does not receive a CONNECT or RELEASE message before this
timer expires, it clears the connection for that virtual circuit.
Instructions: Accept the default, 10, or enter a value from 1 through 60.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.28
Parameter: T313
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
4
1 through 24
Defines the Connect Sent timer value (in seconds). This timer begins when the
circuit sends a CONNECT message to the network.
The Connect Sent timer stops when the circuit receives a CONNECT
ACKNOWLEDGE message from the network (indicating the completion of the
ATM connection for that interface).
If the timer expires before the circuit receives a CONNECT ACKNOWLEDGE
message, the circuit clears the connection.
Instructions: Accept the default, 4, or enter a value from 1 through 24.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.29
A-46
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: T316
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
120
1 through 720
Defines the Restart Request Sent on Interface timer value (in seconds). This
timer begins when the circuit sends a RESTART message to the network. The
circuit uses the RESTART message to return all VCs on the interface to the idle
condition.
The Restart Request Sent on Interface timer stops when the circuit receives a
RESTART ACKNOWLEDGE message from the network.
If the timer expires before the circuit receives a RESTART ACKNOWLEDGE
message, the circuit can transmit as many RESTART messages as specified with
the Num Restarts ReXmitted parameter (refer to the parameter description later
in this section). If the circuit still does not receive a response, the circuit enters
the Null state until the appropriate maintenance action is taken.
Instructions: Accept the default, 120, or enter a value from 1 through 720.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.30
114056 Rev. A
A-47
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: T316c
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
120
1 through 720
Defines the Restart Request Sent on Channel timer value (in seconds). This
timer begins when the circuit sends a RESTART message to the network. The
circuit uses the RESTART message to return this individual VC on the interface
to the idle condition.
The Restart Request Sent on Channel timer stops when the circuit receives a
RESTART ACKNOWLEDGE message from the network.
If the timer expires before the circuit receives a RESTART ACKNOWLEDGE
message, the circuit can transmit as many RESTART messages as specified with
the Num Restarts ReXmitted parameter (refer to the parameter description later
in this section). If the circuit still does not receive a response, the circuit enters
the Null state until the appropriate maintenance action is taken.
Instructions: Accept the default, 120, or enter a value from 1 through 720.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.31
A-48
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: T322
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
4
1 through 24
Defines the Status Enquiry Sent timer value (in seconds). This timer begins
when the circuit sends a STATUS ENQUIRY message to the network. This
message checks the validity of a call by requesting the call state (that is, the state
of an active call, the state of a call in progress, or the Null state if the call
reference does not relate to an active call or a call in progress).
The Status Enquiry Sent timer stops when the circuit receives a STATUS
message from the network.
If the timer expires before the circuit receives a STATUS message, the circuit
can transmit as many STATUS ENQUIRY messages as specified with the Num
Stat Enquiries ReXmitted parameter. If the circuit still does not receive a
response, the circuit clears the call.
Instructions: Accept the default, 4, or enter a value from 1 through 24.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.32
Parameter: TDisc
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
4
1 through 180
Defines the SAAL Data Link Disconnect timer value (in seconds). This internal
timer alerts upper layers that the link is down. The timer begins if the entire link
goes down for any reason.
When the link goes down, the SAAL layer sends a DISCONNECT REQUEST
message to the upper-layer application manager. The SAAL layer sends a
disconnect request every time the SAAL Data Link Disconnect timer expires,
and continues to send this message until the link becomes operational.
Instructions: Accept the default, 4, or enter a value from 1 through 180.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.33
114056 Rev. A
A-49
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: T398
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
4
1 through 24
Defines the Drop Party Sent timer value (in seconds). This timer applies to
multipoint connections only and begins when the circuit sends a DROP PARTY
message to a party (the receiver of the message) on the network.
The Drop Party Sent timer stops when the circuit receives a DROP PARTY
ACKNOWLEDGE message (indicating that the endpoint used for the party has
been released), or a RELEASE message (indicating that the endpoint used for
the party has been released and there are no remaining parties).
Instructions: Accept the default, 4, or enter a value from 1 through 24.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.34
Parameter: T399
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
14
1 through 84
Defines the Add Party Sent timer value (in seconds). This timer applies to
multipoint connections only and begins when the circuit sends an ADD PARTY
message to a party (the receiver of the message) on the network.
The Add Party Sent timer stops when the circuit receives an ADD PARTY
ACKNOWLEDGE message (indicating the connection to the party), ADD
PARTY REJECT message (indicating the inability to add the party), or a
RELEASE message (indicating the inability to add the party and the absence of
any remaining parties).
If the timer expires before the circuit receives an ADD PARTY
ACKNOWLEDGE, ADD PARTY REJECT, or RELEASE message, the circuit
clears the party.
Instructions: Accept the default, 14, or enter a value from 1 through 84.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.35
A-50
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: Num Restarts ReXmitted
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
3
1 through 100
Defines the number of RESTART messages retransmitted before the link is
considered down.
Instructions: Accept the default, 3, or enter a value from 1 through 100.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.36
Parameter: Num Stat Enquiries ReXmitted
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
3
1 through 100
Defines the number of STATUS ENQUIRY messages retransmitted before the
link is considered down.
Instructions: Accept the default, 3, or enter a value from 1 through 100.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.37
Parameter: Num Messages/Sec for Call Pacing
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling
2
0 through 2147483647
Defines the maximum number of signaling messages the interface can transmit
per second.
Instructions: Accept the default value, 2, or enter a value from 0 through 2147483647.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.7.1.40
114056 Rev. A
A-51
Configuring ATM Services
ATM ILMI Signaling Parameter Descriptions
ILMI signaling parameters define the SNMP timers and retry limits for
registration with the ATM switch. Figure A-6 shows the window sequence for the
ILMI category.
Configuration Manager
window
ATM1
Edit ATM Connector window
Interim Local Management
Interface (ILMI)
Done
ATM ILMI Signaling
Parameters window
Done
ILMI VC
ATM Control VC for
ILMI window
Done
ATM0045A
Figure A-6.
ATM ILMI Signaling Parameters Window Sequence
For control VC parameter descriptions, refer to “Signaling and ILMI Control VC
Parameter Descriptions” later in this chapter.
A-52
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: Enable
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ILMI Signaling
Enable
Enable | Disable
Enables or disables ILMI on this interface.
Accept the default, Enable, if you want ILMI to remain enabled on this
interface. Select Disable if you do not want ILMI enabled on this interface.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.9.1.2
Parameter: ILMI VPI
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ILMI Signaling
0
0 through 255
Defines the virtual path identifier (VPI) for the ILMI VC.
Accept the default, 0, or enter a value from 0 through 255
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.9.1.8
Caution: The signaling VC (0/5) and the ILMI VC (0/16) are reserved. These
VCs remain in an operational state as long as signaling is enabled on the ATM
interface. Because most ATM devices use these VPI/VCI pairs for signaling,
we recommend that you not change these values.
114056 Rev. A
A-53
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: ILMI VCI
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ILMI Signaling
16
1 through 65535
Defines the virtual channel identifier (VCI) for the ILMI VC.
Accept the default, 16, or enter a value from 1 through 65535.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.9.1.9
Caution: The signaling VC (0/5) and the ILMI VC (0/16) are reserved. These
VCs remain in an operational state as long as signaling is enabled on the ATM
interface. Because most ATM devices use these VPI/VCI pairs for signaling,
we recommend that you not change these values.
Parameter: ILMI Get Timer
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ILMI Signaling
3
1 through 120
Defines the ILMI Get Request timer value (in seconds). The Get Request timer
sets the amount of time allowed to receive a GET_RESPONSE message after
sending a GET_REQUEST message.
Instructions: Accept the default, 3, or enter a value from 1 through 120.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.9.1.13
Parameter: ILMI Get Retry Count
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ILMI Signaling
3
1 through 100
Specifies the number of retransmissions of the ILMI GET_REQUEST message
before the link is considered down.
Instructions: Accept the default, 3, or enter a value from 1 through 100.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.9.1.14
A-54
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: ILMI Get Next Timer
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ILMI Signaling
3
1 through 120
Defines the ILMI Get Next Request timer value (in seconds). The Get Next
Request timer sets the amount of time allowed to receive a
GET_NEXT_RESPONSE message after sending a GET_NEXT_REQUEST
message.
Instructions: Accept the default, 3, or enter a value from 1 through 120.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.9.1.15
Parameter: ILMI Get Next Retry Count
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ILMI Signaling
3
1 through 100
Specifies the number of retransmissions of the ILMI GET_NEXT_REQUEST
message before the link is considered down.
Instructions: Accept the default, 3, or enter a value from 1 through 100.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.9.1.16
Parameter: ILMI Set Timer
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ILMI Signaling
3
1 through 120
Defines the ILMI Set Request timer value (in seconds). The Set Request timer
sets the amount of time allowed to receive a SET_RESPONSE message after
sending a SET_REQUEST message.
Instructions: Accept the default, 3, or enter a value from 1 through 120.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.9.1.17
114056 Rev. A
A-55
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: ILMI Set Retry Count
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ILMI Signaling
3
1 through 100
Specifies the number of retransmissions of the ILMI SET_REQUEST message
before the link is considered down.
Instructions: Accept the default, 3, or enter a value from 1 through 100.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.9.1.18
Signaling and ILMI Control VC Parameter Descriptions
The parameters for signaling and ILMI control VCs are identical. For the window
sequence to access these control VCs, refer to the sections describing signaling or
ILMI parameters earlier in this appendix.
Parameter: Xmit Peak Cell Rate (cells/s)
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling > Sig VC
or
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ILMI Signaling > ILMI VC
Default: 4716
Options: 300 through 365566 (ATM FRE2 OC-3 SONET/SDH ILI pairs)
128 through 353207 (ATM ARE OC-3 SONET/SDH ILI pairs and
Model 5780 ATM routers)
128 through 96000 (ATM ARE DS-3 ILI pairs)
128 through 80000 (ATM ARE E-3 ILI pairs; G832 Framing Mode)
128 through 72000 (ATM ARE E-3 ILI pairs; G751 Framing Mode)
Function: Specifies the upper traffic limit, in cells/second, that the ATM connection can
submit. How you set the peak cell rate depends on
• The optical transmission rate of your ATM device
• The amount of traffic you expect on a particular VC
• The rate you desire for each VC
Instructions: After you determine the transmission rate of your ATM device, set the peak cell
rate within the range specified above.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.5.1.8
A-56
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: Xmit Sustainable Cell Rate (cells/s)
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling > Sig VC
or
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ILMI Signaling > ILMI VC
Default: 4716
Options: 300 through 365566 (ATM FRE2 OC-3 SONET/SDH ILI pairs)
0, 128 through 353207 (ATM ARE OC-3 SONET/SDH ILI pairs and
Model 5780 ATM routers)
0, 128 through 96000 (ATM ARE DS-3 ILI pairs)
0, 128 through 80000 (ATM ARE E-3 ILI pairs; G832 Framing Mode)
0, 128 through 72000 (ATM ARE E-3 ILI pairs; G751 Framing Mode)
Function: Specifies the upper limit of the ATM connection conforming average rate. The
average rate equals the total number of cells transmitted, divided by the duration
of the connection.
Using the sustainable cell rate (SCR), you can define the future cell flow of a VC
in greater detail than by just using the peak cell rate.
For ATM FRE2 ILI pairs, specifying the SCR controls the rate over time -- not
at a specific instant of time -- and can help you more efficiently use your
network resources.
For ATM ARE ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers, the SCR maps directly to
the minimum cell rate (MCR). The MCR defines the minimum amount of
guaranteed bandwidth allowed for PVCs and Control VCs on the ATM line.
When setting the SCR for ATM FRE2 ILI pairs, keep the following in mind:
• The SCR is essentially a future average. By setting the SCR you are
specifying the cell rate, over time, to which you want the VC to conform.
• To be useful, the SCR must not exceed the PCR.
• If you know the user average rate, set the SCR about 10 percent higher than
this value.
• ATM FRE2 ILI pairs require a minimum SCR value of 300 cells/s. PVCs may
fail to operate with SCR values less than 300 cells/s.
(continued)
114056 Rev. A
A-57
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: Xmit Sustainable Cell Rate (cells/s) (continued)
When setting the SCR for ATM ARE ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers,
keep the following in mind:
• The SCR maps directly to the MCR.
• The MCR provides guaranteed bandwidth for PVCs and Control VCs while
allowing sufficient bandwidth for SVCs to operate.
• To be useful, the SCR must not exceed the PCR.
• If you know the user average rate, set the SCR about 10 percent higher than
this value.
• ATM ARE ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers require a minimum SCR
value of 128 cells/s. VCs may fail to operate with SCR values less than 128
cells/s.
• ATM ARE ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers allow you to enter an SCR
value of 0. Entering 0 for the SCR turns off this function.
• The E-3 framing mode setting affects the maximum SCR.
Instructions: After you determine the transmission rate of your ATM device, set the
sustainable cell rate within the range specified under “Options.” For ATM ARE
ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers, you can enter 0 to turn off this function.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.5.1.9
A-58
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: Xmit Burst Size (cells)
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling > Sig VC
or
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ILMI Signaling > ILMI VC
Default: 40
Options: 1 through 65535
Function: For ATM FRE2 ILI pairs, the Maximum Burst Size is the maximum length of a
cell stream on a particular VC. The MBS specifies the maximum number of
sequential cells allowed on a VC, at the peak cell rate, before the VC must
relinquish bandwidth to other VCs.
When setting the MBS, we suggest that you select a value larger than the largest
packet your PVC or Control VC can transmit (that is, the Maximum AAL CPCS
Transmit SDU Size). For example, if your VC accepts packets that are less than
2358 bytes long (PVC default), set your MBS value from 45 through 50 cells.
Instructions: Set a value in the specified range.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.5.1.10
Caution: ATM ARE ILI pairs and Model 5780 ATM routers ignore the
maximum burst size.
Parameter: Maximum AAL CPCS Transmit SDU Size
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling > Sig VC
or
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
114056 Rev. A
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ILMI Signaling > ILMI VC
4608
1 through 65535
Specifies the maximum AAL CPCS SDU size, in bytes, that this VC supports in
the transmit direction.
Enter an octet value that represents the maximum packet size you intend this VC
to transmit. We suggest that you accept the default value of 4608 bytes. Most
packets fall well within this limit.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.5.1.17
A-59
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: Maximum AAL CPCS Receive SDU Size
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ATM Signaling > Sig VC
or
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > ILMI Signaling > ILMI VC
Default: 4608
Options: 1 through 65535
Function: Specifies the maximum AAL CPCS SDU size, in bytes, that this VC supports in
the receive direction.
Instructions: Enter an octet value that represents the maximum packet size you intend this VC
to receive. We suggest that you accept the default value of 4608 bytes. Most
packets fall well within this limit.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.5.1.18
A-60
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
ATM Signaling AAL Parameter Descriptions
Signaling AAL (SAAL) parameters define the connection and timer settings the
router uses to maintain a switched connection. SAAL provides reliable transport
of signaling messages within the ATM protocol reference model. Figure A-7
shows the window sequence for the SAAL category.
Configuration Manager
window
ATM1
Edit ATM Connector window
Signaling AAL (SAAL)
Done
ATM Signaling AAL
Records List window
Done
ATM0046A
Figure A-7.
ATM Signaling AAL Records List Window Sequence
Parameter: Enable
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Signaling AAL
Enable
Enable | Disable
Enables or disables SAAL on this interface.
Accept the default, Enable, if you want SAAL to remain enabled on this
interface. Select Disable if you do not want SAAL enabled on this interface.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.8.1.2
114056 Rev. A
A-61
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: Link Connection Arbitration
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Signaling AAL
Active
Active | Passive
Determines whether SAAL initiates link connections or waits for connections.
Accept the default, Active, if you want this interface to initiate connections.
Select Passive if you do not want this interface to initiate connections.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.8.1.8
Parameter: Poll Timer
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Signaling AAL
7
1 through 120
Defines the Service Specific Connection Oriented Protocol (SSCOP) Poll timer
value (in tenths of a second). This value sets the allowable time between Poll
Protocol Data Unit (PDU) transmissions.
The Poll timer ensures that the receiver continues to return a solicited status
(STAT) PDU to the sender on a regular basis. The timely receipt of STAT PDUs
restarts the Poll timer and allows for more efficient transmission error recovery.
Instructions: Accept the default, 7, or enter a value from 1 through 120.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.8.1.9
Parameter: Keep Alive Timer
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Signaling AAL
20
1 through 120
Defines the SSCOP Keep Alive Timer value (in tenths of a second). This value
sets the allowable time between POLL PDU transmissions if there are no
pending Sequence Data (SD) PDUs.
The keep alive timer is generally greater than the poll timer and greater than the
length of one round-trip delay.
Instructions: Accept the default, 20, or enter a value from 1 through 120.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.8.1.10
A-62
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: No Response Timer
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Signaling AAL
70
1 through 120
Defines the SSCOP No Response Timer value (in tenths of a second). This value
sets the allowable time between the receipt of STAT PDUs.
So as not to interrupt the flow of data, the SSCOP does not require a reply to
every POLL PDU. This can cause problems in detecting a broken connection.
To alleviate this problem, the no response timer runs parallel to the poll timer. If
both the no response timer and the poll timer expire, the SSCOP clears the
connection.
The No Response Timer value must equal at least the sum of the keep alive
timer plus the length of one round-trip delay.
Instructions: Accept the default, 70, or enter a value from 1 through 120.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.8.1.11
Parameter: Connection Control Timer
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Signaling AAL
10
1 through 120
Defines the SSCOP Connection Control Timer value (in tenths of a second).
This value sets the allowable time between the transmission of BGN, END,
resynchronization (RS), and error recovery (ER) PDUs, so long as the sender
has not received an acknowledgment to any of these PDUs.
The CC timer must equal at least the length of one round-trip delay.
Instructions: Accept the default, 10, or enter a value from 1 through 120.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.8.1.12
114056 Rev. A
A-63
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: Max Connection Control
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Signaling AAL
4
1 through 20
Defines the SSCOP Maximum Connection Control value. This value sets the
maximum number of times the sender can transmit a BGN, END, RS, or ER
PDU.
Instructions: Accept the default, 4, or enter a value from 1 through 20.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.8.1.13
Parameter: Max PD Before Poll
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Signaling AAL
25
1 through 120
Defines the SSCOP Maximum Poll Data (PD) value. This value sets the
maximum value of the poll data state variable before transmitting a POLL PDU.
The poll data state variable increments upon transmission of a sequenced data
(SD) PDU and resets to zero upon transmission of a POLL PDU.
Instructions: Accept the default, 25, or enter a value from 1 through 120.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.8.1.14
Parameter: Max STAT PDU Elements
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > ATM > Signaling AAL
67
Odd integers from 3 through 119
Defines the SSCOP Maximum STAT value. This value sets the maximum
number of list elements allowed in a STAT PDU.
The sending device uses the value of this parameter for segmentation purposes.
When the number of list elements exceeds the Max STAT value, the STAT
message segments. As a general rule, the default value, 67, causes the STAT
PDU to fill six ATM cells using AAL 5.
Instructions: Accept the default, 67, or enter an odd integer from 3 through 119.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.4.23.1.8.1.15
A-64
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
ATMARP Configuration Parameter Descriptions
This section describes ATM-specific IP parameters for implementing Classical IP
over ATM. For additional information about ATMARP, refer to Configuring IP
Services.
Parameter: ATM ARP Mode
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > IP > Interfaces
Client
Client | Server
Specifies whether ATMARP is running as a client or server on this interface.
You must configure one ATMARP server for each LIS you define.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.3.2.1.4.1.112
Parameter: ARP Server ATM Address Network Prefix
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > IP > Interfaces
Default: None
Options: XX000000000000000000000000 to XXFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF
where XX = 39, 45, or 47
Function: Defines the ATM address network prefix of the ATMARP server on your
network.
The XX byte must contain 39, 45, or 47. These values define the authority and
format identifier (AFI). The AFI byte identifies the group responsible for
allocating the prefix and the format the prefix uses. For more information about
the AFI byte, refer to the ATM Forum ATM User-Network Interface
Specification (Version 3.0).
The network prefix and the user part form a complete ATM address.
Instructions: Enter the ATM address network prefix of the ATMARP server on your network.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.3.2.1.4.1.113
114056 Rev. A
A-65
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: ARP Server ATM Address User Part
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > IP > Interfaces
None
00000000000000 to FEFFFFFFFFFFFF
Defines the user part (suffix) of the ATM address for the ATMARP server on
your network. The user part suffix consists of a 6-byte endstation identifier and a
1-byte selector field.
The user part and the network prefix form a complete ATM address.
Instructions: Enter the ATM address user part of the ATMARP server for your network.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.3.2.1.4.1.113
Adjacent Host Parameter Descriptions
This section describes ATM IP parameters for creating adjacent hosts in a
Classical IP over ATM environment. For additional information about adjacent
hosts, refer to Configuring IP Services.
Parameter: Enable
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > IP > Adjacent Hosts
Enable
Enable | Disable
Specifies the state (active or inactive) of the adjacent host in the IP routing
tables.
Instructions: Select Disable to make the adjacent host record inactive in the IP routing table;
the IP router will not consider this adjacent host.
Select Enable to make the adjacent host record active again in the IP routing
table.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.3.2.1.6.1.2
A-66
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
Parameter: IP Adjacent Host Address
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > IP > Adjacent Hosts
None
Any valid IP address
Specifies the IP address of the device that you want to configure as an adjacent
host.
Instructions: Enter the IP address in dotted decimal notation.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.3.2.1.6.1.3
Parameter: Next Hop Interface Addr
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > IP > Adjacent Hosts
0.0.0.0
Any valid IP address
Specifies the IP address of the router’s network interface to the adjacent host.
Enter the IP address in dotted decimal notation.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.3.2.1.6.1.4
Parameter: MAC Address
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > IP > Adjacent Hosts
None
Depend on the data link you have selected
Specifies the MAC address of the adjacent host. This value can be
• A 48-bit physical address
• A 64-bit SMDS address
• An ATM VPI/VCI pair (for ATM PVCs)
• The ATM address of the ATM interface (for ATM SVCs)
Instructions: Enter the MAC address as a 12-digit hexadecimal number (canonical format), a
32-digit hexadecimal number (switched multimegabit data services [SMDS]), a
VPI/VCI pair (for example, 0/32), or a 40-digit ATM address (for example,
390000000000000000000000000000A20037B801).
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.3.2.1.6.1.6
114056 Rev. A
A-67
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: Host Encapsulation
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > IP > Adjacent Hosts
Ethernet
Ethernet | SNAP | PDN | DDN | SNAPIP | NULL
Specifies the adjacent host’s encapsulation method.
Select Ethernet or SNAP (Subnetwork Access Protocol) if you are defining a
point-to-point network interface, or if the adjacent host resides on an Ethernet.
For an X.25 interface, select Public Data Network (PDN) or Defense Data
Network (DDN). For an adjacent host on an ATM logical IP subnet, select
SNAP. (SNAPIP and NULL also specify host encapsulation methods for ATM
networks.)
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.3.2.1.6.1.7
Parameter: Adjacent Host X.121 Address
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Instructions:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > IP > Adjacent Hosts
None
Any valid X.121 address
Specifies the X.121 address of the adjacent host.
Ignore this parameter. You specify an X.121 address only if this is a PDN/X.25,
DDN/X.25, or Blacker front-end encryption (BFE)/X.25 connection.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.3.2.1.6.1.9
A-68
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Parameters
IP Interface Parameter Descriptions
This section describes ATM IP parameters for implementing Classical IP over
ATM. For additional information about ATMARP, refer to Configuring IP
Services.
Parameter: ATM ARP Mode
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > IP > Interfaces
Client
Client | Server
Specifies whether the router is running as an ATM client or server on this
interface.
Instructions: You must configure one ATMARP server for each LIS you define.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.3.2.1.4.1.112
Parameter: ARP Server ATM Address Network Prefix
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > IP > Interfaces
Default: None
Options: XX000000000000000000000000 to XXFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF
where XX = 39, 45, or 47
Function: Defines the ATM address network prefix of the ATMARP server on your
network.
Instructions: Enter the ATM address network prefix of the ATMARP server on your network.
A complete ATM address consists of a network prefix and a user part. Use the
ARP Server ATM Address User Part parameter to supply the user part of the
ATM address.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.3.2.1.4.1.113
114056 Rev. A
A-69
Configuring ATM Services
Parameter: ARP Server ATM Address User Part
Path:
Default:
Options:
Function:
Configuration Manager > Protocols > IP > Interfaces
None
XX00000000000000 to FEFFFFFFFFFFFF
Defines the user part (suffix) of the ATM address for the ATMARP server on
your network. The user part suffix consists of a 6-byte endstation identifier and a
1-byte selector field.
Instructions: Enter the user part suffix of the ATMARP server on your network. A complete
ATM address consists of a network prefix and a user part. Use the ARP Server
ATM Address Network Prefix parameter to supply the network part of the ATM
address.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.3.2.1.4.1.113
Parameter: Registration Refresh Interval
Path: Configuration Manager > Protocols > IP > Interfaces
Default: 900 seconds for a client
1200 seconds for a server
Options: Any interval (in seconds)
Function: For a client, this parameter specifies the interval between registration refreshes.
For a server, this parameter specifies the duration for which the registration is
valid.
Instructions: Determine if ATMARP is running as a client or server on this interface and enter
an appropriate value.
MIB Object ID: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.3.2.1.4.1.115
A-70
114056 Rev. A
Appendix B
Site Manager Default Settings for ATM
This appendix lists the Site Manager default parameter settings for ATM. You can
use the Configuration Manager to edit any default settings listed here.
Table B-1.
Parameter
Default
Enable ATM Signaling
Enable
Max Number of SVC Applications
20
Max Point to Point Connections
1000
Max Point to Multipoint Connections
40
Max Parties in Multipoint Connections
1
Table B-2.
114056 Rev. A
Initial ATM Signaling Config Window
ATM Service Records List Window
Parameter
Default
Enable/Disable
Enable
User Part Autogeneration
Enable
ATM Addr User Part
None
ATM Addr Net Prefix (Optional)
None
MTU
4608
B-1
Configuring ATM Services
Table B-3.
Parameter
Default
Data Encapsulation Type
LANE (signaling enabled) or
LLC/SNAP (signaling disabled)
Virtual Connection Type
SVC (signaling enabled) or
PVC (signaling disabled)
User Part Autogeneration
Enable
ATM Addr User Part
None
ATM Addr Net Prefix (Optional)
None
Emulated LAN Name
Default ELAN
Emulated LAN Type
Unspecified
Table B-4.
ATM Virtual Channel Link Window
Parameter
Default
Hybrid/Bridged VC
No
Administrative State
Up
Xmit Peak Cell Rate (cells/s)
2358
Xmit Sustainable Cell Rate (cells/s)
2358
Xmit Burst Size (cells)
40
Maximum AAL CPCS Transmit SDU Size
4608
Maximum AAL CPCS Receive SDU Size
4608
Data Encapsulation Type
LLC/SNAP
Table B-5.
B-2
ATM Service Record Parameters Window
ATM Virtual Channel Link Parameters Window
Parameter
Default
VPI Number
None
VCI Number
None
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Default Settings for ATM
Table B-6.
Parameter
Default
Enable
Enable
Owner
None
Configuration Mode
Automatic
Emulated LAN Type
Unspecified
Maximum Data Frame Size
Unspecified
Emulated LAN Name
Default ELAN
LE Server ATM Address
None
Control Timeout
5
Max Unknown Frame Count
1
Max Unknown Frame Time
1
VCC Timeout Period Enable
Enable
Max Retry Count
1
Aging Time
300
Forward Delay Time
15
Expected LE_ARP Response Time
3
Flush Timeout
4
Path Switching Delay
6
Flush Protocol
Enable
LE Config Server ATM Address
None
Table B-7.
114056 Rev. A
LAN Emulation Parameters Window
ATM Interface Attributes Window
Parameter
Default
Administrative State
Up
Enable ATM Signaling
Enable
Use Hardware MAC Address
Enable
MAC Address Override
None
B-3
Configuring ATM Services
ATM FRE2 Line Parameters
Table B-8.
ATM FRE2 Line Parameters
Parameter
Default
Enable
Enable
Data Path Notify
Enable
Data Path Notify Timeout
3s
SVC Inactivity Timeout Enable
Enable
SVC Inactivity Timeout (Secs)
1200 s
Table B-9.
ATM FRE2 Physical Attribute Parameters
Parameter
Default
Framing Mode
SONET
Scrambling
Enable
Loopback
Disable
Cell Insertion
Unassigned
ATM ARE Line Parameters
Table B-10.
B-4
ATM ARE Line Parameters
Parameter
Default
Enable
Enable
Interface MTU
4608
Data Path Enable
Enable
Data Path Notify Timeout
1s
SVC Inactivity Timeout Enable
Enable
SVC Inactivity Timeout (Secs)
1200 s
Framing Mode
SONET
Clocking Signal Source
Internal
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Default Settings for ATM
Table B-10.
ATM ARE Line Parameters (continued)
Parameter
Default
DS3 Line Build Out
Short
DS3 Scrambling
On
Table B-11. ATM Signaling Parameters Window
114056 Rev. A
Parameter
Default
Enable
Enable
Protocol Standard
UNI_V30
Max Number of SVC Applications
20
Max Point to Point Connections
1000
Max Point to Multipoint Connections
40
Max Parties in Multipoint Connections
1
Min Memory Threshold
20%
VPI
0
VCI
5
T303
4
T308
30
T309
10
T310
10
T313
4
T316
120
T316c
120
T322
4
TDisc
4
T398
4
T399
14
Num Restarts Permitted
3
Num Stat Enquiries Permitted
3
Num Messages/Sec for Call Pacing
2
B-5
Configuring ATM Services
Table B-12. ATM Control VC for Signaling Window
Parameter
Default
Xmit Peak Cell Rate (cells/s)
4716
Xmit Sustainable Cell Rate (cells/s)
4716
Xmit Burst Size (cells)
40
Maximum AAL CPCS Transmit SDU Size
4608
Maximum AAL CPCS Receive SDU Size
4608
Table B-13. ATM Signaling AAL Records List Window
B-6
Parameter
Default
Enable
Enable
Link Connection Arbitration
Active
Poll Timer
7
Keep Alive Timer
20
No Response Timer
70
Connection Control Timer
10
Max Connection Control
4
Max PD Before Poll
25
Max Stat PDU Elements
67
114056 Rev. A
Site Manager Default Settings for ATM
Table B-14. ATM ILMI Signaling Parameters Window
Parameter
Default
Enable
Enable
ILMI VPI
0
ILMI VCI
16
ILMI Get Timer
3
ILMI Get Retry Count
3
ILMI Get Next Timer
3
ILMI Get Next Retry Count
3
ILMI Set Timer
3
ILMI Set Retry Count
3
Table B-15. ATM Control VC for ILMI Window
Parameter
Default
Xmit Peak Cell Rate (cells/s)
4716
Xmit Sustainable Cell Rate (cells/s)
4716
Xmit Burst Size (cells)
40
Maximum AAL CPCS Transmit SDU Size
4608
Maximum AAL CPCS Receive SDU Size
4608
Table B-16. ATM ARP Configuration Window
114056 Rev. A
Parameter
Default
ATM ARP Mode
Client
ARP Server ATM Address Network Prefix
None
ARP Server ATM Address User Part
None
B-7
Appendix C
ATM Sample Log
The following log provides an example of a working ATM Ethernet LANE
configuration. To generate this level of message detail, enable extended debugging
in the wfAtmSigEntry and wfAtmIlmiEntry MIB objects.
Note: The messages in this example log file may change with subsequent
releases of software.
[2:1]$ g wfAtmIlmiEntry.wfAtmIlmiDebug.*
wfAtmIlmiEntry.wfAtmIlmiDebug.1405101 = 6
[2:1]$ g wfAtmSscopEntry.wfAtmSscopDebug.*
wfAtmSscopEntry.wfAtmSscopDebug.1405101 = 6
[2:1]$ g wfAtmSigEntry.wfAtmSigDebug.*
wfAtmSigEntry.wfAtmSigDebug.1405101 = 6
[2:1]$ g wfAtmInterfaceConfEntry.wfAtmInterfaceDebug.*
wfAtmInterfaceConfEntry.wfAtmInterfaceDebug.1405101 = 6
[2:1]$ g wfAtmLecConfigEntry.29.3
wfAtmLecConfigEntry.wflecDebugLevel.3 = 15
[2:1]$ log -ftwifd -eATMINTF -eATM -eATM_SIG -eATM_LE
#1: 11/03/95 11:44:48.652
INFO
SLOT 5 ATMINTF
Code: 11
Coprocessor image atmc.exe loaded on link module (26334 bytes).
#2: 11/03/95 11:44:48.660 DEBUG
Port 1: framer up. (id/type 0x30)
114056 Rev. A
SLOT 5 ATMINTF
Code: 167
#3: 11/03/95 11:44:48.660
INFO
SLOT 5 ATMINTF
Port 1: framer device initialization complete.
Code: 14
C-1
Configuring ATM Services
#4: 11/03/95 11:44:49.617
Service initializing.
INFO
SLOT 5 ATMINTF
#5: 11/03/95 11:44:50.605 WARNING SLOT 5 ATMINTF
Port 1: not verified with diagnostic.
Code:
3
Code: 20
#6: 11/03/95 11:44:50.609 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATMINTF
Code: 151
ATMizer driver control structures
RX anchor 0x80000080, RX cmds 0x800000c0, RX log 0x800010c0
TX anchor 0x800000a0, TX cmds 0x800012c0, TX log 0x800022c0
#7: 11/03/95 11:44:54.191 DEBUG
RX ATMizer image download complete
SLOT 5 ATMINTF
Code: 130
#8: 11/03/95 11:44:54.480 DEBUG
TX ATMizer image download complete
SLOT 5 ATMINTF
Code: 131
#9: 11/03/95 11:44:54.480
INFO
SLOT 5 ATMINTF
Port 1: SAR device initialization complete.
Code: 13
#10: 11/03/95 11:44:54.484 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATMINTF
Using default ATMizer buffering thresholds
Port 1: cfg: ix 1405101 alm 1 frm 2 clk 1 ver 0 cct 2
Code: 129
#11: 11/03/95 11:44:54.484 INFO
Port 1: service available.
SLOT
5
ATMINTF
Code:
#12: 11/03/95 11:44:54.488 DEBUG
Port 1: cfg resets mib
SLOT
5
ATMINTF
Code: 169
4
#13: 11/03/95 11:44:56.335 INFO
Slot 5 : ATM Lan Emulation provided.
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code:
2
#14: 11/03/95 11:44:57.132 INFO
Slot 5 : ATM Service provided.
SLOT 5 ATM
Code:
1
Code:
10
#15: 11/03/95 11:44:57.601 INFO
SLOT
Port 1: data path service available.
5
ATMINTF
************************************************************************
The ATM module has successfully completed its initialization process, has
started, and is available for use.
************************************************************************
#16: 11/03/95 11:44:57.605 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM
Signalling not loaded..Going into wait state
C-2
Code: 47
114056 Rev. A
ATM Sample Log
#17: 11/03/95 11:44:58.878
Signalling came alive
DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM
Code: 47
#18: 11/03/95 11:44:58.882 DEBUG
Changing to signalling wait state
SLOT 5 ATM
Code: 47
#19: 11/03/95 11:44:58.882 INFO
SLOT
Line 1405101: ATM Signaling initiating.
5
ATM_SIG
Code:
3
#20: 11/03/95 11:44:58.894 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ATM VC Reserve Response
FSM atmlmst_sig_rr: call_ref=1, State=RESERVE WAIT,
Event=ATM_VC_RESERVE_RSP_MSG
Code:
24
#21: 11/03/95 11:44:58.894 INFO
SLOT 5 ATMINTF
Code:
Port 1: virtual channel VPI=0/VCI=5 (call reference 1) activated.
15
#22: 11/03/95 11:44:58.894 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
FSM atmlmst_sig_rr: call_ref=2, State=RESERVE WAIT,
Event=ATM_VC_RESERVE_RSP_MSG
Code:
24
#23: 11/03/95 11:44:58.898 INFO
SLOT 5 ATMINTF
Code:
Port 1: virtual channel VPI=0/VCI=16 (call reference 2) activated.
15
#24: 11/03/95 11:44:58.898 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
Code: 24
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: DP VC LINE Message
FSM atmlmst_rcp_dvl: call_ref=1, State=DP VC LINE WAIT,
Event=ATM_OPEN_VC_RESP
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: DP VC LINE Message
FSM atmlmst_rcp_dvl: call_ref=2, State=DP VC LINE WAIT,
Event=ATM_OPEN_VC_RESP
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: VC MOD RESPONSE Message
FSM atmlmst_sig_vmr: call_ref=1, State=VC_MOD_MSG WAIT, Event=VC_MOD_RSP
************************************************************************
The VCCs for signaling (0/5) and ILMI (0/16) automatically activate.
************************************************************************
Configuring layer 2 (Q.SAAL) - General
Configuring SAP 0 of layer 2 (Q.SAAL)
************************************************************************
Q.SAAL is a reliable transport mechanism used by signaling (SAAL: signaling ATM
adaptation layer)
************************************************************************
114056 Rev. A
C-3
Configuring ATM Services
#25: 11/03/95 11:44:58.902 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
Code: 24
FSM atmlmst_sig_vmr: call_ref=2, State=VC_MOD_MSG WAIT, Event=VC_MOD_RSP
Configuring layer 2 (UME) - General
Configuring SAP 0 of layer 2 (UME)
************************************************************************
UME refers to ILMI
************************************************************************
#26: 11/03/95 11:44:58.917 DEBUG
[UME User] General Configuration
SLOT
5
ATM_SIG
Code:
24
#27: 11/03/95 11:44:58.921 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: SSCOP Status Indication
Code:
24
#28: 11/03/95 11:44:58.925 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
SSCOP Status Indication(su=0,ev=3,ui=3,sscf=3,sscop=3,li=3)
Code:
24
#29: 11/03/95 11:44:58.925 INFO
Line 1405101: ATM SSCOP active.
Configuring SAP 0 of layer 3
SLOT
5
ATM_SIG
Code:
5
#30: 11/03/95 11:44:58.925 DEBUG
SLOT
SSCOP Status Indication: PROT_ST_UP
5
ATM_SIG
Code:
24
************************************************************************
Signaling uses SSCOP over VCC 0/5. Q.SAAL is composed of SSCOP and SSCS
(Service Specific Convergence Sublayer). If the log message "SSCOP Status
Indication:PROT_ST_DN" appears, the SSCOP process is not operating on the
router and the router clears all the SVCs.
************************************************************************
#31: 11/03/95 11:44:58.941 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ILMI Connection Indication
Code:
24
#32: 11/03/95 11:44:58.949 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ILMI Connection Confirm
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ILMI Status Indication
ILMI Status Indication (su=0,ev=3,ui=3,ume=2,li=2)
Code:
24
ILMI Status Indication: PROT_ST_UP
C-4
114056 Rev. A
ATM Sample Log
#33: 11/03/95 11:44:58.949 INFO
SLOT
Line 1405101: ATM ILMI active.
Line 1405101: ATM Signaling active.
5
ATM_SIG
Code:
6
************************************************************************
ILMI and signaling router processes are operational, and the router has
established ILMI signaling communication with the switch.
************************************************************************
#34: 11/03/95 11:44:58.949
Spawning PVC Manager......
DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM
Code: 47
************************************************************************
The PVC Manager spawns whether or not you define PVCs.
************************************************************************
#35: 11/03/95 11:44:58.953 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ILMI Statistics Confirm
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ILMI Status Confirm
Code:
24
#36: 11/03/95 11:44:58.957 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
Code:
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Address Registration Request
mu_proc_addr_reg_msg(): received register request for unregistered
network prefi
24
#37: 11/03/95 11:44:58.957 INFO
SLOT 5 ATM
Line 1405101 : ATM Service activated on Interface.
Code:
2
#38: 11/03/95 11:44:58.960 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM
Code: 47
Atm Address Registration Failed
Line 1405101, cct 3, Address 00000003 00000004 00000017 00000001
00000002
114056 Rev. A
#39: 11/03/95 11:44:59.039 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ILMI Add Indication
Code:
24
#40: 11/03/95 11:44:59.042 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Address Registration Request
Code:
24
#41: 11/03/95 11:44:59.210 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
Code:
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ILMI Add Confirm
Succeeded to register address: 39000000 00000000 00000000 000000a2
0e9fca00
24
C-5
Configuring ATM Services
#42: 11/03/95 11:44:59.210 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM
Code: 47
Atm Address Registration Successful
Line 1405101, cct 3, Address 39000000 00000000 00000000 000000a2
0e9fca00
************************************************************************
The ATM address defined in the router ATM service record has been registered
with the ATM switch. The router received the prefix
39000000000000000000000000 from the switch. If you define the prefix in
the service record, the prefix you define overrides what the router receives
from the switch.
************************************************************************
C-6
#43: 11/03/95 11:44:59.214 INFO
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Line 1405101 : Circuit 3 : ATM LEC received DP_LINE message.
Code:
6
#44: 11/03/95 11:44:59.218 INFO
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Line 1405101 : Circuit 3 : ATM LEC initializing.
Code:
3
#45: 11/03/95 11:44:59.308 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: Calling SIG_Bind(LE_CTRL): cct 3 bind_id 0
Code:
41
#46: 11/03/95 11:44:59.308 DEBUG
SLOT
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Bind Request
5
ATM_SIG
Code:
24
#47: 11/03/95 11:44:59.312 DEBUG
SLOT
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Bind Request
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Bind Confirm
5
ATM_SIG
Code:
24
#48: 11/03/95 11:44:59.312 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: Calling SIG_Bind(LE_8023_MCAST): cct 3 bind_id 2
Code:
41
#49: 11/03/95 11:44:59.316 DEBUG
SLOT
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Bind Request
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Bind Request
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Bind Confirm
Code:
24
#50: 11/03/95 11:44:59.320 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code:
Line 1405101 : Circuit 3 : ATM LEC Control SAP binding complete.
LEC: Calling SIG_Register(CPN): cct 3 bind_id 0 sig_id 1 reg_id 0
38
#51: 11/03/95 11:44:59.320 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Register Request
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Register Confirm
Code:
24
#52: 11/03/95 11:44:59.320 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code:
LEC: Calling SIG_Register(BLLI): cct 3 bind_id 0 sig_id 1 reg_id 1
41
5
ATM_SIG
114056 Rev. A
ATM Sample Log
#53: 11/03/95 11:44:59.320 DEBUG
SLOT 5
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Register Request
ATM_SIG
Code:
24
#54: 11/03/95 11:44:59.324 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Register Confirm
Code:
24
11/03/95 11:44:59.324 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code:
Transitioning into the ATM_LEC_INITIAL state for cct 3
1405101 : Circuit 3 : ATM LEC MCast SAP binding complete.
Calling SIG_Register(CPN): cct 3 bind_id 2 sig_id 2 reg_id 2
41
#55:
LEC:
Line
LEC:
#56: 11/03/95 11:44:59.324 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Register Request
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Register Confirm
Code:
24
#57: 11/03/95 11:44:59.328 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code:
LEC: Calling SIG_Register(BLLI): cct 3 bind_id 2 sig_id 2 reg_id 3
41
#58: 11/03/95 11:44:59.328 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Register Request
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Register Confirm
Code:
24
#59: 11/03/95 11:44:59.328 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code:
Line 1405101 : Circuit 3 : ATM LEC Control SAP register confirm for
reg_id 0.
Line 1405101 : Circuit 3 : ATM LEC Control SAP register confirm for
reg_id 1.
35
#60: 11/03/95 11:44:59.328 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 45
LEC API msg: LE Create Response from LEC #3 UserHandle 15592560 TransId
0000000
#61: 11/03/95 11:44:59.332 DEBUG
SLOT
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: OPEN VC REQ
5
ATM_SIG
Code:
24
#62: 11/03/95 11:44:59.332 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code:
LEC: Called SIG_Open_VC: cct 3 call_ref 3 sig_id 1
LEC: Transitioning into the ATM_LEC_LECSCONNECT state for cct 3
Line 1405101 : Circuit 3 : ATM LEC MCast SAP register confirm for
reg_id 2.
Line 1405101 : Circuit 3 : ATM LEC MCast SAP register confirm for
reg_id 3.
41
************************************************************************
The LAN emulation code is requesting that the signaling code open up a VCC to the
LECS for the Config Direct VCC.
************************************************************************
114056 Rev. A
C-7
Configuring ATM Services
#63: 11/03/95 11:44:59.332
DEBUG SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ATM VC Reserve Response
FSM atmlmst_cing_rr: call_ref=3, State=RESERVE WAIT,
Event=ATM_VC_RESERVE_RSP_MS
#64: 11/03/95 11:44:59.335 DEBUG
SLOT 5
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Connect Request
ATM_SIG
#65: 11/03/95 11:44:59.917 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: SSCOP Status Indication
SSCOP Status Indication(su=0,ev=4,ui=1,sscf=0,sscop=0,li=3)
SSCOP Status Indication: PROT_ST_DN
ATM
FSM
ATM
ATM
ATM
Code:
24
Code:
24
Code:
24
Layer Manager Inbound: Signalling Release Indication
atmlmst_tri_nws: call_ref=3, State=NETWORK WAIT, Event=AMUIAMTRELIND
Release request: call_ref = 3 cid = 5 vpi/vci = 0/0
Layer Manager Inbound: ATM VC Release Response
Layer Manager Outbound: Close Indication
#66: 11/03/95 11:44:59.917 WARNING
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code:
Line 1405101 : Circuit 3 : ATM LEC Close Indication call_ref 3 cause
value 41
27
#67: 11/03/95 11:44:59.921 WARNING
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: could not open Config Direct VCC - reason (3)
34
Code:
************************************************************************
The LE client could not open the Config Direct VCC. Cause value 41 (in line #66)
indicates a temporary failure. Cause values are defined in the "cause" section of
the ATM UNI specification. In line #67, reason (3) indicates an LE client close
reason was LE_SIGREASON_OTHER (probably because SSCOP is not currently
operating; line 65 indicates SSCOP is not operating).
************************************************************************
#68: 11/03/95 11:44:59.921 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 45
LEC API msg: LE Config Response from LEC #3 UserHandle 15592560 TransId
00ef6ee
#69: 11/03/95 11:45:01.929 DEBUG
SLOT
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: OPEN VC REQ
5
ATM_SIG
#70: 11/03/95 11:45:01.929 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: Called SIG_Open_VC: cct 3 call_ref 4 sig_id 1
C-8
Code:
24
Code:
41
114056 Rev. A
ATM Sample Log
#71: 11/03/95 11:45:01.929 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ATM VC Reserve Response
FSM atmlmst_cing_rr: call_ref=4, State=RESERVE WAIT,
Event=ATM_VC_RESERVE_RSP_MS
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Connect Request
Code:
24
#72: 11/03/95 11:45:01.933 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
Code: 24
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Signalling Release Indication
FSM atmlmst_tri_nws: call_ref=4, State=NETWORK WAIT, Event=AMUIAMTRELIND
ATM Release request: call_ref = 4 cid = 6 vpi/vci = 0/0
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ATM VC Release Response
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Close Indication
#73: 11/03/95 11:45:01.933 WARNING
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code:
Line 1405101 : Circuit 3 : ATM LEC Close Indication call_ref 4 cause
value 27
LEC: could not open Config Direct VCC - reason (3)
27
#74: 11/03/95 11:45:01.933 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 45
LEC API msg: LE Config Response from LEC #3 UserHandle 15592560 TransId
00ef6ee
#75: 11/03/95 11:45:05.914 DEBUG
SLOT
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: OPEN VC REQ
5
ATM_SIG
Code:
24
#76: 11/03/95 11:45:05.914 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: Called SIG_Open_VC: cct 3 call_ref 5 sig_id 1
Code:
41
#77: 11/03/95 11:45:05.914 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ATM VC Reserve Response
FSM atmlmst_cing_rr: call_ref=5, State=RESERVE WAIT,
Event=ATM_VC_RESERVE_RSP_MS
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Connect Request
Code:
24
#78: 11/03/95 11:45:05.917 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
Code: 24
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Signalling Release Indication
FSM atmlmst_tri_nws: call_ref=5, State=NETWORK WAIT, Event=AMUIAMTRELIND
ATM Release request: call_ref = 5 cid = 7 vpi/vci = 0/0
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ATM VC Release Response
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Close Indication
#79: 11/03/95 11:45:05.917 WARNING
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code:
Line 1405101 : Circuit 3 : ATM LEC Close Indication call_ref 5 cause
value 27
LEC: could not open Config Direct VCC - reason (3)
114056 Rev. A
27
C-9
Configuring ATM Services
#80: 11/03/95 11:45:05.917 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 45
LEC API msg: LE Config Response from LEC #3 UserHandle 15592560 TransId
00ef6ee
#81: 11/03/95 11:45:10.925 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: SSCOP Status Indication
SSCOP Status Indication(su=0,ev=3,ui=3,sscf=3,sscop=3,li=3)
Code:
24
#82: 11/03/95 11:45:10.925 INFO
Line 1405101: ATM SSCOP active.
SLOT
5
ATM_SIG
Code:
5
#83: 11/03/95 11:45:10.925 DEBUG
SLOT
SSCOP Status Indication: PROT_ST_UP
5
ATM_SIG
Code:
24
************************************************************************
SSCOP becomes operational again. Switched VCs can now open successfully.
************************************************************************
#84: 11/03/95 11:45:13.929 DEBUG
SLOT
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: OPEN VC REQ
5
ATM_SIG
Code:
24
#85: 11/03/95 11:45:13.929 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: Called SIG_Open_VC: cct 3 call_ref 6 sig_id 1
Code:
41
#86: 11/03/95 11:45:13.929 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ATM VC Reserve Response
FSM atmlmst_cing_rr: call_ref=6, State=RESERVE WAIT,
Event=ATM_VC_RESERVE_RSP_MS
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Connect Request
Code:
24
#87: 11/03/95 11:45:14.949 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
Code:
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Signalling Connection Status Indication
24
#88: 11/03/95 11:45:14.976 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Signalling Connection Confirm
FSM atmlmst_cing_tcc: call_ref=6, State=NETWORK WAIT,
Event=AMUIAMTCONCFM
Code:
24
#89: 11/03/95 11:45:14.984 INFO
SLOT 5 ATM
Line 1405101 : vpi/vci 0/32 has been activated.
Code:
8
************************************************************************
The router successfully opened the VCC that the Config Direct VC uses.
************************************************************************
#90: 11/03/95 11:45:14.984 INFO
SLOT 5 ATMINTF
Code:
Port 1: virtual channel VPI=0/VCI=32 (call reference 6) activated.
C-10
15
114056 Rev. A
ATM Sample Log
#91: 11/03/95 11:45:14.984 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: VC MOD RESPONSE Message
FSM atmlmst_cing_vmr: call_ref=6, State=VC_MOD_MSG WAIT,
Event=VC_MOD_RSP
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Open Confirm
Code:
24
#92: 11/03/95 11:45:14.984 DEBUG
SLOT
LEC: opened Config Direct VCC (0/32)
ATM_LE
Code:
45
#93: 11/03/95 11:45:14.988 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Transaction_Id: 00fb7b60
Requestor LECID: 0000
Code:
Flags: 0000
45
5
LEC: Control Packet Opcode:
CONFIG
Req_Type:
REQUEST
Lan Type:
Unspec
Max Frame Size:
Unspec
Lan Name: ------Targ ATM Address: 00000000000000000000000000-000000000000/00
Dest LAN: ---Src ATM Address: 39000000000000000000000000-0000a20e9fca/00
Src LAN: 00:00:a2:0e:9f:ca
************************************************************************
The destination address is not complete. However, the request is destined for
the well-known LECS address as defined in the ATM Forum LAN Emulation over
ATM specification.
************************************************************************
#94: 11/03/95 11:45:14.988 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: Transitioning into the ATM_LEC_CONFIGURE state for cct 3
Code:
41
#95: 11/03/95 11:45:14.996 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code:
LEC: Control pkt ... Config frame received on Control VCC (0/32)
45
LEC: Received pkt on Config Direct VCC
LEC: Control Packet Opcode:
CONFIG
Req_Type:
RESPONSE
114056 Rev. A
Status:
SUCCESS
C-11
Configuring ATM Services
Transaction_Id: 00fb7b60
Lan Type:
802.3
Max Frame Size:
Requestor LECID: 0050
Flags: 0000
1516
Lan Name: 29
Targ ATM Address: 39000000000000000000000000-0800201a42c4/29
Dest LAN: ---#96: 11/03/95 11:45:15.000 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code:
Src ATM Address: 39000000000000000000000000-0000a20e9fca/00
Src LAN: 00:00:a2:0e:9f:ca
45
Num TLVs: 0
LEC: LEC #3 received Config Response pkt
LEC: Config Resp: LAN name is 29
LEC:
... Config Resp parsed successfully
************************************************************************
The LE client received a response to its Config Request; this response was
parsed correctly. The response contains information such as the LAN emulation
server address for this LE client. The MIB object wfAtmLecStatusEntry
contains additional information about the emulated LAN that the ATM address (LE
client) will join. The MIB object wfAtmLecOperConfigEntry contains
information about the operational parameters for this LEC.
************************************************************************
#97: 11/03/95 11:45:15.000 DEBUG
SLOT
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: OPEN VC REQ
C-12
5
ATM_SIG
Code:
24
#98: 11/03/95 11:45:15.000 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: Called SIG_Open_VC: cct 3 call_ref 7 sig_id 1
LEC: Transitioning into the ATM_LEC_JOIN state for cct 3
Code:
41
#99: 11/03/95 11:45:15.000 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ATM VC Reserve Response
Code:
24
#100: 11/03/95 11:45:15.003 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
FSM atmlmst_cing_rr: call_ref=7, State=RESERVE WAIT,
Event=ATM_VC_RESERVE_RSP_MS
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Connect Request
Code: 24
#101: 11/03/95 11:45:15.949 DEBUG
Code: 24
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
114056 Rev. A
ATM Sample Log
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Signalling Connection Status Indication
#102: 11/03/95 11:45:15.968 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
Code: 24
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Signalling Connection Confirm
FSM atmlmst_cing_tcc: call_ref=7, State=NETWORK WAIT,
Event=AMUIAMTCONCFM
#103: 11/03/95 11:45:15.972 INFO
SLOT 5 ATM
Line 1405101 : vpi/vci 0/33 has been activated.
Code:
8
#104: 11/03/95 11:45:15.972 INFO
SLOT 5 ATMINTF
Code: 15
Port 1: virtual channel VPI=0/VCI=33 (call reference 7) activated.
#105: 11/03/95 11:45:15.976 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: VC MOD RESPONSE Message
FSM atmlmst_cing_vmr: call_ref=7, State=VC_MOD_MSG WAIT,
Event=VC_MOD_RSP
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Open Confirm
Code: 24
#106: 11/03/95 11:45:15.976 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: opened Control Direct VCC for LEC #3 (VP/VC 0/33)
Code: 45
LEC: Control Packet Opcode:
Req_Type:
JOIN
REQUEST
Transaction_Id: 00fb7b60
Lan Type:
802.3
Max Frame Size:
Requestor LECID: 0000
Flags: 0080
1516
Lan Name: 29
#107: 11/03/95 11:45:15.980 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 45
Targ ATM Address: 00000000000000000000000000-000000000000/00
Dest LAN: ---Src ATM Address: 39000000000000000000000000-0000a20e9fca/00
Src LAN: 00:00:a2:0e:9f:ca
114056 Rev. A
#108: 11/03/95 11:45:16.050 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Signalling Connection Indication
Code: 24
#109: 11/03/95 11:45:16.054 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Connection Status Request
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ATM VC Reserve Response
FSM atmlmst_ced_rr: call_ref=8, State=RESERVE WAIT,
Event=ATM_VC_RESERVE_RSP_MSG
Code: 24
C-13
Configuring ATM Services
#110: 11/03/95 11:45:16.058 INFO
SLOT 5 ATM
Line 1405101 : vpi/vci 0/34 has been activated.
Code:
8
#111: 11/03/95 11:45:16.058 INFO
SLOT 5 ATMINTF
Code: 15
Port 1: virtual channel VPI=0/VCI=34 (call reference 8) activated.
#112: 11/03/95 11:45:16.058 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
Code: 24
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: VC MOD RESPONSE Message
FSM atmlmst_ced_vmr: call_ref=8, State=VC_MOD_MSG WAIT, Event=VC_MOD_RSP
#113: 11/03/95 11:45:16.062 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Connect Response
Code: 24
#114: 11/03/95 11:45:16.070 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
Code: 24
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Signalling Connection Status Indication
FSM atmlmst_ced_tcsi: call_ref=8, State=NETWORK WAIT,
Event=AMUIAMTCNSTIND
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Open Indication
#115: 11/03/95 11:45:16.070 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: Open call indicate (Control VCC) for LEC #3 (VP/VC 0/34)
Code: 45
#116: 11/03/95 11:45:16.070 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: OPEN VC RESP
Code: 24
#117: 11/03/95 11:45:16.082 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: Received LE-JOIN Response pkt for LEC #3
Code: 45
LEC: Control Packet Opcode:
Req_Type:
JOIN
RESPONSE
Transaction_Id: 00fb7b60
Lan Type:
802.3
Max Frame Size:
Status:
SUCCESS
Requestor LECID: 0050
Flags: 0080
1516
Lan Name: 29
Targ ATM Address: 39000000000000000000000000-0800201a42c4/01
Dest LAN: ---#118: 11/03/95 11:45:16.085 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 45
Src ATM Address: 39000000000000000000000000-0000a20e9fca/00
Src LAN: 00:00:a2:0e:9f:ca
C-14
114056 Rev. A
ATM Sample Log
#119: 11/03/95 11:45:16.085 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: LEC #3 successfully joined LAN 29 (LECID = 0050)
Code: 41
************************************************************************
The LEC has opened a Control Direct VC, transmitted a join request, received an
open indication for the Control Distribute VC, and received a join response from
the LES of the emulated LAN. The LEC has successfully joined the emulated LAN.
************************************************************************
#120: 11/03/95 11:45:16.085 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 45
LEC API msg: LE Event Response from LEC #3 UserHandle 15592560 TransId
00000000
LAN Emulation MAC Service Up Event from LEC #16308
LEC API msg: LE Config Response from LEC #3 UserHandle 15592560 TransId
00edec7
#121: 11/03/95 11:45:16.085 INFO
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Line 1405101 : Circuit 3 : ATM LEC configuration complete.
Code:
#122: 11/03/95 11:45:16.085 DEBUG
LEC: Control Packet -
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 45
#123: 11/03/95 11:45:16.089 DEBUG
Opcode:
ARP
Req_Type:
REQUEST
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 45
Transaction_Id: 00000000
Requestor LECID: 0050
4
Flags: 0000
Lan Type:
802.3
Max Frame Size:
Unspec
Lan Name: ------Targ ATM Address: 00000000000000000000000000-000000000000/00
Dest LAN: ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
Src ATM Address:
Src LAN: ----
39000000000000000000000000-0000a20e9fca/00
************************************************************************
The LE client sends an LE ARP request for the BUS using a MAC address that
contains all Fs.
************************************************************************
#124: 11/03/95 11:45:16.089 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 41
LEC: Transitioning into the ATM_LEC_BUSCONNECT state for cct 3
114056 Rev. A
C-15
Configuring ATM Services
#125: 11/03/95 11:45:16.093 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: Received one of our LE-ARP Responses back for LEC #3
Code: 45
LEC: Control Packet Opcode:
Req_Type:
ARP
RESPONSE
Transaction_Id: 00000000
Status:
SUCCESS
Requestor LECID: 0050
Flags: 0000
Lan Type:
802.3
Max Frame Size:
Unspec
Lan Name: ------Targ ATM Address: 39000000000000000000000000-0800201a42c4/a9
#126: 11/03/95 11:45:16.097 DEBUG
Dest LAN: ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
Src ATM Address:
Src LAN: ----
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 45
39000000000000000000000000-0000a20e9fca/00
************************************************************************
The LEC has received an LE ARP response and proceeds to open up the multicast
send VCC to the BUS.
************************************************************************
#127: 11/03/95 11:45:16.097 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: OPEN VC REQ
Code: 24
#128: 11/03/95 11:45:16.097 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: Called SIG_Open_VC: cct 3 call_ref 9 sig_id 2
Code: 41
#129: 11/03/95 11:45:16.097 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ATM VC Reserve Response
FSM atmlmst_cing_rr: call_ref=9, State=RESERVE WAIT,
Event=ATM_VC_RESERVE_RSP_MS
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Connect Request
Code: 24
#130: 11/03/95 11:45:16.949 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
Code: 24
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Signalling Connection Status Indication
#131: 11/03/95 11:45:16.980 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Signalling Connection Confirm
FSM atmlmst_cing_tcc: call_ref=9, State=NETWORK WAIT,
Event=AMUIAMTCONCFM
C-16
Code: 24
114056 Rev. A
ATM Sample Log
#132: 11/03/95 11:45:16.984 INFO
SLOT 5 ATM
Line 1405101 : vpi/vci 0/35 has been activated.
Code:
8
#133: 11/03/95 11:45:16.984 INFO
SLOT 5 ATMINTF
Code: 15
Port 1: virtual channel VPI=0/VCI=35 (call reference 9) activated.
#134: 11/03/95 11:45:16.984 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: VC MOD RESPONSE Message
FSM atmlmst_cing_vmr: call_ref=9, State=VC_MOD_MSG WAIT,
Event=VC_MOD_RSP
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Open Confirm
Code: 24
#135: 11/03/95 11:45:16.984 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: opened LE-802.3-Mcast VCC (0/35)
Code: 45
#136: 11/03/95 11:45:16.988 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 45
LEC API msg: LE Resolve Response from LEC #3 UserHandle 15592560 TransId
00edec
#137: 11/03/95 11:45:17.031 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Signalling Connection Indication
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Connection Status Request
Code: 24
#138: 11/03/95 11:45:17.035 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ATM VC Reserve Response
FSM atmlmst_ced_rr: call_ref=10, State=RESERVE WAIT,
Event=ATM_VC_RESERVE_RSP_MS
Code: 24
#139: 11/03/95 11:45:17.035 INFO
SLOT 5 ATM
Line 1405101 : vpi/vci 0/36 has been activated.
Code:
8
#140: 11/03/95 11:45:17.039 INFO
SLOT 5 ATMINTF
Code: 15
Port 1: virtual channel VPI=0/VCI=36 (call reference 10) activated.
#141: 11/03/95 11:45:17.039 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: VC MOD RESPONSE Message
FSM atmlmst_ced_vmr: call_ref=10, State=VC_MOD_MSG WAIT,
Event=VC_MOD_RSP
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Connect Response
Code: 24
#142: 11/03/95 11:45:17.046 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
Code: 24
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Signalling Connection Status Indication
#143: 11/03/95 11:45:17.050 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
FSM atmlmst_ced_tcsi: call_ref=10, State=NETWORK WAIT,
Event=AMUIAMTCNSTIND
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Open Indication
114056 Rev. A
Code: 24
C-17
Configuring ATM Services
#144: 11/03/95 11:45:17.050 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: Multicast Fwd open call indicate for LEC #3 (VP/VC 0/36)
Code: 45
************************************************************************
The LEC has received an open indication for the multicast forward VC and can
now inform upper-layer applications that its services are available.
************************************************************************
LEC API msg: LE Event Response from LEC #3 UserHandle 15592560
00000000
Rx VCC Added Event from LEC #16308
: VCC (0/36)
TransId
#145: 11/03/95 11:45:17.050 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: OPEN VC RESP
Code: 24
#146: 11/03/95 11:45:17.132 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: Calling SIG_Bind(LE_8023_DATA): cct 3 bind_id 1
Code: 41
#147: 11/03/95 11:45:17.132 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Bind Request
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Bind Request
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Bind Confirm
Code: 24
#148: 11/03/95 11:45:17.136 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 41
LEC: Transitioning into the ATM_LEC_OPERATIONAL state for cct 3
Line 1405101 : Circuit 3 : ATM LEC Data SAP binding complete.
LEC: Calling SIG_Register(CPN): cct 3 bind_id 1 sig_id 3 reg_id 4
#149: 11/03/95 11:45:17.136 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Register Request
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Register Confirm
Code: 24
#150: 11/03/95 11:45:17.140 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 41
LEC: Calling SIG_Register(BLLI): cct 3 bind_id 1 sig_id 3 reg_id 5
#151: 11/03/95 11:45:17.148 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Register Request
Code: 24
#152: 11/03/95 11:45:17.152 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Register Confirm
Code: 24
#153: 11/03/95 11:45:17.160 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 37
Line 1405101 : Circuit 3 : ATM LEC Data SAP register confirm for
reg_id 4.
Line 1405101 : Circuit 3 : ATM LEC Data SAP register confirm for
reg_id 5.
C-18
114056 Rev. A
ATM Sample Log
#154: 11/03/95 11:45:17.175 DEBUG
LEC: Control Packet Opcode:
Req_Type:
Code: 45
ARP
REQUEST
Transaction_Id: 00000001
Lan Type:
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Requestor LECID: 0050
Flags: 0000
802.3
#155: 11/03/95 11:45:17.179 DEBUG
Max Frame Size:
Unspec
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 45
Lan Name: ------Targ ATM Address: 00000000000000000000000000-000000000000/00
Dest LAN: 00:00:a2:0d:72:e2
Src ATM Address: 39000000000000000000000000-0000a20e9fca/00
Src LAN: ---************************************************************************
The LEC has sent an LE ARP request out for MAC address 00:00:a2:0d:72:e2.
************************************************************************
#156: 11/03/95 11:45:17.187 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: Received LE-ARP Request pkt for LEC #3
Code: 45
LEC: Control Packet Opcode:
Req_Type:
ARP
REQUEST
Transaction_Id: 00000001
Requestor LECID: 0050
Flags: 0000
Lan Type:
802.3
Max Frame Size:
Unspec
Lan Name: ------Targ ATM Address: 00000000000000000000000000-000000000000/00
Dest LAN: 00:00:a2:0d:72:e2
Src ATM Address:
114056 Rev. A
39000000000000000000000000-0000a20e9fca/00
C-19
Configuring ATM Services
#157: 11/03/95 11:45:17.191 DEBUG
Src LAN: ----
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 45
... not for us (LEC #3)
LEC: Received one of our LE-ARP Responses back for LEC #3
************************************************************************
The LES has sent the LE client a copy of the LE ARP request. The LE client drops
this request because it recognizes it as its own.
The LE client receives the copy of this request from the LES because the address
for which it is sending an ARP request is currently not registered with the
switch. Under these circumstances, the LES forwards the ARP request to all
clients that have successfully joined the emulated LAN as proxy agents.
************************************************************************
LEC: Control Packet #158: 11/03/95 11:45:17.195 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Opcode:
ARP
Req_Type:
RESPONSE
Status:
SUCCESS
Transaction_Id: 00000001
Requestor LECID: 0050
Code: 45
Flags: 0000
Lan Type:
802.3
Max Frame Size:
Unspec
Lan Name: ------Targ ATM Address: 39000000000000000000000000-0000a20d72e2/00
Dest LAN: 00:00:a2:0d:72:e2
Src ATM Address:
Src LAN: ----
39000000000000000000000000-0000a20e9fca/00
************************************************************************
The LE client has received an LE ARP response for the previous LE ARP
request which it sent out. The LEC now knows to associate MAC address
00:00:a2:0d:72:e2 with ATM address
39000000000000000000000000-0000a20d72e2/00. The LE client now tries
to open up a Data VC to the remote LEC.
************************************************************************
#159: 11/03/95 11:45:17.195 DEBUG
C-20
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
Code: 24
114056 Rev. A
ATM Sample Log
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: OPEN VC REQ
#160: 11/03/95 11:45:17.199 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: Called SIG_Open_VC: cct 3 call_ref 11 sig_id 3
Code: 41
#161: 11/03/95 11:45:17.199 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ATM VC Reserve Response
FSM atmlmst_cing_rr: call_ref=11, State=RESERVE WAIT,
Event=ATM_VC_RESERVE_RSP_M
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Connect Request
Code: 24
#162: 11/03/95 11:45:17.367 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Signalling Connection Indication
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Connection Status Request
Code: 24
#163: 11/03/95 11:45:17.371 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ATM VC Reserve Response
FSM atmlmst_ced_rr: call_ref=12, State=RESERVE WAIT,
Event=ATM_VC_RESERVE_RSP_MS
Code: 24
#164: 11/03/95 11:45:17.374 INFO
SLOT 5 ATM
Line 1405101 : vpi/vci 0/37 has been activated.
Code:
8
#165: 11/03/95 11:45:17.374 INFO
SLOT 5 ATMINTF
Code: 15
Port 1: virtual channel VPI=0/VCI=37 (call reference 12) activated.
#166: 11/03/95 11:45:17.374 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: VC MOD RESPONSE Message
FSM atmlmst_ced_vmr: call_ref=12, State=VC_MOD_MSG WAIT,
Event=VC_MOD_RSP
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Connect Response
Code: 24
#167: 11/03/95 11:45:17.382 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
Code: 24
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: Signalling Connection Status Indication
FSM atmlmst_ced_tcsi: call_ref=12, State=NETWORK WAIT,
Event=AMUIAMTCNSTIND
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Open Indication
#168: 11/03/95 11:45:17.382 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: Data Direct open call indicate for LEC #3 (VP/VC 0/37)
Code: 45
#169: 11/03/95 11:45:17.386 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: Calling SIG_Close_VC: cct 3 call_ref 11 sig_id 3
Code: 41
#170: 11/03/95 11:45:17.386 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
Code: 24
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: CLOSE VC REQ
FSM atmlmst_cv_nws: call_ref=11, State=NETWORK WAIT, Event=ATM_CLOSE_VC
ATM Release request: call_ref = 11 cid = 13 vpi/vci = 0/0
114056 Rev. A
C-21
Configuring ATM Services
#171: 11/03/95 11:45:17.386 WARNING SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 34
LEC: incoming Data Direct call accepted - call collision drops old
pending VCC
call_ref = 11 for LEC #3
************************************************************************
While opening up the data VC the LE client noticed that the remote LE client was
also trying to open a data VC. Since this local LE client ATM address is smaller
than the remote LE client ATM address, the local LE client accepts the incoming
data VC and drops the outgoing data VC.
************************************************************************
#172: 11/03/95 11:45:17.386 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 45
LEC API msg: LE Event Response from LEC #3 UserHandle 15592560 TransId
00000000
Rx VCC Added Event from LEC #16308
: VCC (0/37)
#173: 11/03/95 11:45:17.386 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: ATM VC Release Response
ATM Layer Manager Outbound: Release Request
Code: 24
#174: 11/03/95 11:45:17.390 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_SIG
ATM Layer Manager Inbound: OPEN VC RESP
Code: 24
#175: 11/03/95 11:45:17.390 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: LE_READY_IND packet on (0/37) discarded
Code: 45
LEC: Control Packet Opcode:
FLUSH
Req_Type:
REQUEST
Transaction_Id: 00000007
Requestor LECID: 0048
Flags: 0000
Lan Type:
Unspec
Max Frame Size:
Unspec
Lan Name: ------Targ ATM Address: 39000000000000000000000000-0000a20e9fca/00
#176: 11/03/95 11:45:17.394 DEBUG
Dest LAN: ---Src ATM Address:
Src LAN: ----
C-22
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 45
39000000000000000000000000-0000a20d72e2/00
114056 Rev. A
ATM Sample Log
LEC: Replying to received LE-FLUSH-REQUEST for LEC #3
************************************************************************
The remote LE client begins the Flush protocol so that it can begin using the new
Data VC.
************************************************************************
LEC: Control Packet Opcode:
FLUSH
Req_Type:
RESPONSE
Transaction_Id: 00000007
Status:
SUCCESS
Requestor LECID: 0048
Flags: 0000
Lan Type:
Unspec
Max Frame Size:
Unspec
Lan Name: ------Targ ATM Address: 39000000000000000000000000-0000a20e9fca/00
Dest LAN: ---Src ATM Address:
Src LAN: ----
39000000000000000000000000-0000a20d72e2/00
************************************************************************
This LE client responds to the flush request since its ATM address matches the
Target ATM Address.
************************************************************************
#177: 11/03/95 11:45:18.054 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 45
LEC: LE-ARP 15592614 second reverification timeout expired for LEC 3
#178: 11/03/95 11:45:18.054 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: LE-ARP reverifying batch of bindings for LEC #3
Code: 41
#179: 11/03/95 11:45:18.054 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC:
.... destination ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
Code: 4
LEC: Control Packet Opcode:
Req_Type:
ARP
REQUEST
Transaction_Id: 00000000
Lan Type:
114056 Rev. A
Requestor LECID: 0050
Flags: 0000
802.3
C-23
Configuring ATM Services
Max Frame Size:
Lan Name: -------
Unspec
Targ ATM Address: 00000000000000000000000000-000000000000/00
Dest LAN: ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
Src ATM Address:
Src LAN: ---LEC:
39000000000000000000000000-0000a20e9fca/00
.... destination 00:00:a2:0d:72:e2
#180: 11/03/95 11:45:18.058 DEBUG
LEC: Control Packet Opcode:
Req_Type:
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 45
ARP
REQUEST
Transaction_Id: 00000000
Requestor LECID: 0050
Flags: 0000
Lan Type:
802.3
Max Frame Size:
Unspec
Lan Name: ------Targ ATM Address: 00000000000000000000000000-000000000000/00
Dest LAN: 00:00:a2:0d:72:e2
Src ATM Address:
Src LAN: ----
39000000000000000000000000-0000a20e9fca/00
#181: 11/03/95 11:45:18.062 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: Received LE-ARP Request pkt for LEC #3
Code: 45
LEC: Control Packet Opcode:
Req_Type:
ARP
REQUEST
Transaction_Id: 00000000
Requestor LECID: 0050
Flags: 0000
Lan Type:
802.3
Max Frame Size:
Unspec
Lan Name: ------Targ ATM Address: 00000000000000000000000000-000000000000/00
Dest LAN: 00:00:a2:0d:72:e2
C-24
114056 Rev. A
ATM Sample Log
Src ATM Address:
Src LAN: ----
39000000000000000000000000-0000a20e9fca/00
... not for us (LEC #3)
LEC: Received one of our LE-ARP Responses back for LEC #3
LEC: Control Packet #182: 11/03/95 11:45:18.066 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Opcode:
ARP
Req_Type:
RESPONSE
Status:
SUCCESS
Transaction_Id: 00000000
Requestor LECID: 0050
Code: 45
Flags: 0000
Lan Type:
802.3
Max Frame Size:
Unspec
Lan Name: ------Targ ATM Address: 39000000000000000000000000-0000a20d72e2/00
Dest LAN: 00:00:a2:0d:72:e2
Src ATM Address: 39000000000000000000000000-0000a20e9fca/00
Src LAN: ---LEC: got reverification response for dest 00:00:a2:0d:72:e2 on LEC #3
LEC: Received one of our LE-ARP Responses back for LEC #3
LEC: Control Packet Opcode:
Req_Type:
ARP
RESPONSE
Status:
SUCCESS
#183: 11/03/95 11:45:18.070 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Transaction_Id: 00000000
Requestor LECID: 0050
Code: 45
Flags: 0000
Lan Type:
802.3
Max Frame Size:
Unspec
Lan Name: ------Targ ATM Address: 39000000000000000000000000-0800201a42c4/a9
Dest LAN: ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
Src ATM Address:
Src LAN: ---114056 Rev. A
39000000000000000000000000-0000a20e9fca/00
C-25
Configuring ATM Services
LEC: got reverification response for dest ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff on LEC #3
************************************************************************
This LEC completes the verification of its LE ARP cache for MAC addresses
ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff and 00:00:a2:0d:72:e2.
************************************************************************
#184: 11/03/95 11:45:22.054 TRACE
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
LEC: LE-ARP checking timed out reverifies for LEC #3
Code: 41
#185: 11/03/95 11:45:22.406 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Line 1405101 : Circuit 3 : ATM LEC ARP Table modified for MAC
0x0000a20d72e2.
Old VC (0/35) vcid = 11
New VC (0/0) vcid = 0
Sending FLUSH REQuest for MAC 0x0000a20d72e2 with id 1
Code: 42
************************************************************************
This LEC sends a flush request and modifies the LE ARP cache so that packets
destined for the MAC address 00:00:a2:0d:72:e2 temporarily drop.
************************************************************************
LEC: Control Packet Opcode:
FLUSH
Req_Type:
REQUEST
#186: 11/03/95 11:45:22.410 DEBUG
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Transaction_Id: 00000001
Requestor LECID: 0050
Code: 45
Flags: 0000
Lan Type:
Unspec
Max Frame Size:
Unspec
Lan Name: ------Targ ATM Address: 39000000000000000000000000-0000a20d72e2/00
Dest LAN: ---Src ATM Address:
Src LAN: ----
39000000000000000000000000-0000a20e9fca/00
LEC: Flush packet not for LEC 3 discarded
#187: 11/03/95 11:45:22.414 DEBUG
LEC: Control Packet Opcode:
C-26
SLOT 5 ATM_LE
Code: 45
FLUSH
114056 Rev. A
ATM Sample Log
Req_Type:
RESPONSE
Transaction_Id: 00000001
Status:
SUCCESS
Requestor LECID: 0050
Flags: 0000
Lan Type:
Unspec
Max Frame Size:
Unspec
Lan Name: ------Targ ATM Address: 39000000000000000000000000-0000a20d72e2/00
Dest LAN: ---Src ATM Address:
Src LAN: ----
39000000000000000000000000-0000a20e9fca/00
Received FLUSH RESPonse for MAC 0x0000a20d72e2 with id 1
Line 1405101 : Circuit 3 : ATM LEC ARP Table modified for MAC
0x0000a20d72e2.
Old VC (0/0) vcid = 0
New VC (0/37) vcid = 14
************************************************************************
This LEC receives a flush response and modifies the LE ARP cache so that
packets destined for the MAC address 00:00:a2:0d:72:e2 use VPI/VCI 0/37.
************************************************************************
114056 Rev. A
C-27
Index
A
AAL CPCS Receive SDU Size
parameter description
control VC, A-60
PVC, A-31
setting
control VCs, 11-7
PVCs, 7-8
AAL CPCS SDU Size
modifying
control VCs, 11-7
PVCs, 7-8
AAL CPCS Transmit SDU Size
parameter description
control VCs, A-59
PVCs, A-30
setting
control VCs, 11-7
PVCs, 7-8
accessing
ATM networks
PVCs, 2-13 to 2-16
SVCs, 2-18
ATM windows, A-1
Add Party Sent timer. See T399
adding
ATM circuit, 1-2
ATM to the router, 1-2 to 1-9
PVCs, 1-8
service records
Classical IP, 1-4
LANE, 1-5
PVC, 1-3
114056 Rev. A
addresses
assigning, 6-3 to 6-4
autogenerating, 6-2 to 6-3
parts of, 6-3
Adjacent Host X.121 Address parameter, A-68
adjacent hosts, defined, 3-5
Administrative State
parameter description, A-14, A-27
service record
assigning, 7-3
setting, 6-1
Aging Time
parameter description, A-37
setting, 8-6
ARP Server ATM Address Network Prefix
parameter, A-65, A-69
ARP Server ATM Address User Part parameter,
A-66, A-70
ARP support, 2-20
ATM
addresses
assigning, 6-3 to 6-4
autogenerating, 6-2 to 6-3
parts of, 6-3
cell
described, 2-1
switching, 2-3
technology, 2-1
circuit, adding, 1-2
concepts, 2-1 to 2-5
Index-1
Configuring ATM Services
Control Software
CMS, 2-26
MCS, 2-27
Optivity LAN, 2-27
understanding, 2-26
data transmission, 2-3
enabling, 1-1 to 1-9
layers, 2-7
AAL 5, 2-7
ATM Adaptation Layer (AAL), 2-7
in protocol reference model, 2-6 to 2-7
log, C-1 to C-27
parameter defaults, B-1 to B-7
sample network, 2-22 to 2-27
signaling support, 9-1
traffic parameters
modifying
PVCs, 7-3
transmission path, defined, 2-4
virtual channel, defined, 2-4
virtual path, defined, 2-4
windows, accessing, A-1
ATM Addr Net Prefix
entering a value for, 6-4
parameter description, A-22
ATM Addr User Part
entering a value for, 6-4
parameter description, A-22
ATM ARP
parameters
ATM ARP Mode, A-65, A-69
ATM ARP Mode parameter, A-65, A-69
ATM Signaling attributes
selecting, A-40
window sequence, A-40
ATMARP, configuring, 3-4
Index-2
B
Bay Networks
CompuServe forum, xxviii
Customer Service FTP, xxvii
home page on World Wide Web, xxvii
InfoFACTS service, xxix
publications, ordering, xxiv
support programs, xxvi
Support Source CD, xxviii
Technical Response Center, xxv, xxix
technical support, xxv
Broadband Integrated Services Digital Network
(B-ISDN), 2-1
Broadcast and Unknown Server, described, 4-3
BUS Connect State, LAN emulation, 4-6
BUS, described, 4-3
C
Call Proceeding Received timer. See T310
calls, pacing, 9-9
cell
insertion, defining, 5-4
payload scrambling. See Scrambling
switching, 2-3
technology, 2-1
Cell Insertion
defining, 5-4
parameter description, A-8
Classical IP
concepts, 3-1 to 3-4
enabling, 1-7
Clocking Signal Source
defining, 5-7
parameter description, A-12
CMS, role of, 2-26
CompuServe, Bay Networks forum on, xxviii
Configuration Manager Protocols menu, using,
A-3
114056 Rev. A
Index
Configuration Mode
parameter description, A-32
selecting, 8-3
Configure State, LAN emulation, 4-5
configuring
ATMARP, 3-4
Connect Sent Timer. See T313
Connection Control
setting, 12-4
Connection Control Timer
parameter description, A-63
Connection Management System (CMS)
software, role of, 2-26
connections
memory, 9-3
setting thresholds, 9-3
Connector window. See Edit ATM Connector
window
Control Timeout
parameter description, A-35
setting, 8-5
control VCs
customizing
ILMI, 11-1 to 11-7
signaling, 11-1 to 11-7
parameters
Maximum AAL CPCS Receive SDU Size,
A-60
Maximum AAL CPCS Transmit SDU Size,
A-59
Xmit Burst Size, A-59
Xmit Peak Cell Rate, A-56
Xmit Sustainable Cell Rate, A-57
redefining
ILMI, 11-2
signaling, 11-1
traffic parameters, 11-2
Convergence Sublayer (CS), described, 2-7
counters, modifying ILMI, 10-1 to 10-3
Customer Service FTP, xxvii
114056 Rev. A
customer support. See getting help
customizing
control VCs
ILMI, 11-1 to 11-7
signaling, 11-1 to 11-7
ILMI, 10-1 to 10-3
LE clients, 8-1 to 8-9
line attributes
ATM ARE, 5-5 to 5-8
ATM FRE2, 5-1 to 5-4
Model 5780, 5-5 to 5-8
PVCs, 7-1 to 7-8
SAAL, 12-1 to 12-5
D
data encapsulation
assigning
service record, 6-5
methods of, 2-9
selecting, 2-10
See also Data Encapsulation Type
Data Encapsulation Type
assigning
PVCs, 7-8
service record, 6-5
parameter description
PVCs, A-31
service record, A-20
data frame size, setting, 8-3
Data Link Connection timer. See T309
Data Link Disconnect timer. See TDisc
Data Path Enable
enabling/disabling, 5-5
parameter description, A-10
Data Path Notify
enabling/disabling, 5-1
parameter description, A-6
Index-3
Configuring ATM Services
Data Path Notify Timeout
parameter description, A-6, A-10
specifying
ATM ARE, 5-6
ATM FRE2, 5-2
Model 5780, 5-6
defaults, parameter, B-1 to B-7
Drop Party Sent Timer. See T398
DS3 Line Build Out
parameter description, A-12
specifying, 5-8
DS3 Scrambling
parameter description, A-13
turning on/off, 5-8
E
Edit ATM Connector window, using, A-1
editing, IP interface, 3-5
ELAN Name. See Emulated LAN Name
Emulated LAN Name
entering, 6-6, 8-2
parameter description, A-23, A-34
Emulated LAN Type
assigning, 8-3
defining, 6-6
parameter description, A-24, A-33
Enable ATM Signaling
enabling/disabling, 6-1
parameter description, A-15
Enable parameter
adjacent host, A-66
ATM ARE line
description, A-9
using, 5-5
ATM FRE2 line
description, A-5
using, 5-1
ILMI
description, A-53
using, 10-1
Index-4
LANE
description, A-32
using, 8-1
Model 5780 line
description, A-9
using, 5-5
SAAL
description, A-61
using, 12-2
signaling
description, A-41
using, 9-2
Enable/Disable (service record)
parameter description, A-20
using, 6-4
encapsulation, multiprotocol, 2-9
error checking, 2-21
Expected LE_ARP Response Time
defining, 8-7
parameter description, A-38
F
Flush Protocol
enabling/disabling, 8-8
parameter description, A-39
Flush Timeout
parameter description, A-38
setting, 8-8
Forward Delay Time
parameter description, A-37
setting, 8-6
Framing Mode
assigning
ATM ARE, 5-7
ATM FRE2, 5-3
parameter description
ATM ARE, A-11
ATM FRE2, A-7
114056 Rev. A
Index
G
Get Next Retry Count. See ILMI Get Next Retry
Count
Get Next Timer. See ILMI Get Next Timer
Get Retry Count. See ILMI Get Retry Count
Get Timer. See ILMI Get Timer
getting help
from a Bay Networks Technical Response
Center, xxix
from the Support Source CD, xxviii
through CompuServe, xxviii
through Customer Service FTP, xxvii
through InfoFACTS service, xxix
through World Wide Web, xxvii
H
Host Encapsulation parameter, A-68
hybrid access (PVCs), 2-15 to 2-17
Hybrid/Bridged VC
designating, 7-2
parameter description, A-26
I
ILMI
attributes
selecting, A-52
window sequence, A-52
control VCs
customizing, 11-1 to 11-7
redefining, 11-2
customizing, 10-1 to 10-3
parameters
Enable, A-53
ILMI Get Next Retry Count, A-55
ILMI Get Next Timer, A-55
ILMI Get Retry Count, A-54
ILMI Get Timer, A-54
ILMI Set Retry Count, A-56
114056 Rev. A
ILMI Set Timer, A-55
ILMI VCI, A-54
ILMI VPI, A-53
support, 10-1
window sequence, A-52
ILMI Get Next Retry Count
parameter description, A-55
setting, 10-2
ILMI Get Next Timer
parameter description, A-55
setting, 10-2
ILMI Get Retry Count
parameter description, A-54
setting, 10-2
ILMI Get Timer
parameter description, A-54
setting, 10-2
ILMI Set Retry Count
parameter description, A-56
setting, 10-3
ILMI Set Timer
parameter description, A-55
setting, 10-3
ILMI VCI
changing, 11-2
parameter description, A-54
ILMI VPI
changing, 11-2
parameter description, A-53
InfoFACTS service, xxix
Initial Registration State, LAN emulation, 4-6
interface
customizing, 6-1 to 6-4
parameters
Administrative State, A-14
Enable ATM Signaling, A-15
MAC Address Override, A-17
Use Hardware MAC Address, A-16
window sequence, A-14
Index-5
Configuring ATM Services
Interface attributes
selecting, A-14
window sequence, A-14
Interface MTU
defining, 5-5
parameter description, A-9
See also MTU
Interim Local Management Interface. See ILMI
Inverse ARP support, 2-20
IP adjacent host
Adjacent Host X.121 Address parameter, A-68
Enable parameter, A-66
Host Encapsulation parameter, A-68
IP Address parameter, A-67
parameters
MAC Address, A-67
Next Hop Interface Addr, A-67
IP Adjacent Host Address parameter, A-67
IP interface, editing, 3-5
ISDN protocol model, 2-6 to 2-7
J
Join State, LAN emulation, 4-5
K
Keep Alive Timer
modifying, 12-2
parameter description, A-62
L
LAN emulation
Broadcast and Unknown Server (BUS),
described, 4-3
BUS Connect State, 4-6
client
described, 4-2
client. See also LEC
components, 4-2 to 4-3
concepts, 4-1 to 4-6
Configuration Server (LECS), described, 4-2
Index-6
Configure State, 4-5
customizing, 8-1 to 8-9
enabling protocols for, 1-7
Initial Registration State, 4-6
Initial State, 4-5
Join State, 4-5
LECS Connect State, 4-5
Operational State, 4-6
parameters
Aging Time, A-37
Configuration Mode, A-32
Control Timeout, A-35
Emulated LAN Name, A-23, A-34
Emulated LAN Type, A-24, A-33
Enable, A-32
Expected LE_ARP Response Time, A-38
Flush Protocol, A-39
Flush Timeout, A-38
Forward Delay Time, A-37
LE Config Server ATM Address, A-39
LE Server ATM Address, A-34
Max Retry Count, A-37
Max Unknown Frame Count, A-35
Max Unknown Frame Time, A-36
Maximum Data Frame Size, A-33
Owner, A-32
Path Switching Delay, A-38
VCC Timeout Period Enable, A-36
retry counters, modifying, 8-5 to 8-7
Server (LES), described, 4-3
states, 4-4 to 4-6
timers, modifying, 8-5 to 8-7
LAN emulation configuration server, described,
4-2
LAN emulation server, described, 4-3
LANE
defined, 2-9
See also LAN emulation, data encapsulation
LE client. See LEC
LE Config Server ATM Address
entering, 8-9
parameter description, A-39
114056 Rev. A
Index
LE Server ATM Address
entering, 8-2
parameter description, A-34
LEC
customizing, 8-1 to 8-9
defining, 8-1
Emulated LAN Name, entering, 8-2
LE Server ATM Address, entering, 8-2
owner, specifying, 8-2
described, 4-2
LECS Connect State, LAN emulation, 4-5
LECS. See LAN emulation configuration server
LES. See LAN emulation server
line parameters
ATM ARE
Clocking Signal Source, A-12
Data Path Enable, A-10
Data Path Notify Timeout, A-10
DS3 Line Build Out, A-12
DS3 Scrambling, A-13
Enable, A-9
Framing Mode, A-11
Interface MTU, A-9
SVC Inactivity Timeout, A-11
SVC Inactivity Timeout Enable, A-11
ATM FRE2
Cell Insertion, A-8
Data Path Notify, A-6
Data Path Notify Timeout, A-6
Enable, A-5
Framing Mode, A-7
Loopback, A-8
Scrambling, A-7
SVC Inactivity Timeout, A-7
SVC Inactivity Timeout Enable, A-6
lines
modifying
ATM ARE, 5-5
ATM FRE2, 5-1
Model 5780, 5-5
window sequence, A-5
114056 Rev. A
Link Connection Arbitration
defining, 12-2
parameter description, A-62
LLC/SNAP
defined, 2-9
See also data encapsulation
log file, C-1 to C-27
Loopback
enabling/disabling, 5-4
parameter description, A-8
M
MAC Address Override
entering, 6-2
parameter description, A-17
MAC Address parameter, A-67
Max Connection Control
parameter description, A-64
setting, 12-4
Max Number of SVC Applications
parameter description, A-42
specifying, 9-2
Max Parties in Multipoint Connections
defining, 9-3
parameter description, A-43
Max PD Before Poll
parameter description, A-64
setting, 12-4
Max Point to Multipoint Connections
defining, 9-3
parameter description, A-42
Max Point to Point Connections
defining, 9-3
parameter description, A-42
Max Retry Count
parameter description, A-37
setting, 8-6
Max STAT PDU Elements
parameter description, A-64
setting, 12-5
Index-7
Configuring ATM Services
Max Unknown Frame Count
parameter description, A-35
setting, 8-4
Max Unknown Frame Time
parameter description, A-36
specifying, 8-5
Maximum AAL CPCS Receive SDU Size
parameter description
control VC, A-60
PVC, A-31
setting, 11-7
PVCs, 7-8
Maximum AAL CPCS SDU Size
modifying
control VCs, 11-7
PVCs, 7-8
Maximum AAL CPCS Transmit SDU Size
parameter description
control VCs, A-59
PVCs, A-30
setting
control VCs, 11-7
PVCs, 7-8
Maximum Burst Size
described, 7-7, 11-6
formula for calculating, 7-7, 11-6
parameter description
control VCs, A-59
PVCs, A-30
setting
PVCs, 7-7
See also Xmit Burst Size
Maximum Data Frame Size
parameter description, A-33
setting, 8-3
maximum transmission unit parameter. See MTU
MBS. See Maximum Burst Size
MCS, role of, 2-27
menu path, using, A-3
messages, retransmitting, 9-9
Index-8
Min Memory Threshold
parameter description, A-43
setting, 9-3
modifying
line details
ATM ARE, 5-5
ATM FRE2, 5-1
Model 5780, 5-5
MTU
defining, 6-7
parameter description, A-24
multicast packet support, purpose of, 2-21
Multicast Server (MCS), role of, 2-27
multiprotocol encapsulation, support, 2-9
N
Next Hop Interface Addr parameter, A-67
No Response Timer
modifying, 12-3
parameter description, A-63
NULL
defined, 2-10
See also data encapsulation
Num Messages/Sec for Call Pacing
defining, 9-9
parameter description, A-51
Num Restarts ReXmitted
parameter description, A-51
setting, 9-9
Num Stat Enquiries ReXmitted
parameter description, A-51
setting, 9-9
O
Operational State, LAN emulation, 4-6
Optivity LAN, role of, 2-27
Owner
parameter description, A-32
specifying, 8-2
114056 Rev. A
Index
P
pacing calls, 9-9
parameter defaults, B-1 to B-7
parties, defining, 9-3
Path Switching Delay
parameter description, A-38
setting, 8-7
PCR. See Xmit Peak Cell Rate
PDU values, defining, 12-4
Peak Cell Rate
described, 7-3, 11-2
See also Xmit Peak Cell Rate
Poll Timer
modifying, 12-2
parameter description, A-62
Protocol Standard
assigning, 9-2
parameter description, A-41
protocols
editing, 1-7
editing for hybrid access (nonbridging), 1-7
enabling for
Classical IP, 1-7
hybrid access (nonbridging), 1-7
LAN emulation, 1-7
PVCs, 1-8
menus, using, 2-20
service record, 1-7
supported, 1-6
PVCs
access methods for, 2-13 to 2-16
adding, 1-8
and service records, 2-8
customizing, 7-1 to 7-8
encapsulation methods, 2-9 to 2-13
hybrid access, 2-15 to 2-17
multiple per service record, 2-13
one per service record, 2-14
114056 Rev. A
parameters
Administrative State, A-27
Data Encapsulation Type, A-31
Hybrid/Bridged VC, A-26
Maximum AAL CPCS Receive SDU Size,
A-31
Maximum AAL CPCS Transmit SDU Size,
A-30
VCI Number, A-26
VPI Number, A-25
Xmit Burst Size, A-30
Xmit Peak Cell Rate, A-27
Xmit Sustainable Cell Rate, A-28
R
Registration Refresh Interval parameter, A-70
Release Sent timer. See T308
response time, LE_ARP. See Expected LE_ARP
Response Time, 8-7
Restart Request Sent on Channel timer. See
T316c
Restart Request Sent on Interface timer. See T316
retransmissions, defining, 9-9
S
SAAL
attributes
selecting, A-61
window sequence, A-61
customizing, 12-1 to 12-5
Data Link Connect timer. See T309
Data Link Disconnect timer. See TDisc
enabling/disabling, 12-2
parameters
Connection Control Timer, A-63
Enable, A-61
Keep Alive Timer, A-62
Link Connection Arbitration, A-62
Max Connection Control, A-64
Max PD Before Poll, A-64
Max STAT PDU Elements, A-64
Index-9
Configuring ATM Services
No Response Timer, A-63
Poll Timer, A-62
support, 12-1
window sequence, A-61
SCR. See Xmit Sustainable Cell Rate
Scrambling
enabling/disabling, 5-4
parameter description, A-7
SDU Size, setting
receive
control VCs, 11-7
PVCs, 7-8
transmit
control VCs, 11-7
PVCs, 7-8
Segmentation and Reassembly (SAR) sublayer,
described, 2-7
service attributes
descriptions, A-17
window sequence (PVC), A-18
window sequence (SVC), A-19
service records
adding (Classical IP), 1-4
adding (LANE), 1-5
adding (PVC), 1-3
customizing, 6-4 to 6-7
data encapsulation types for, 1-3
defined, 2-8
defining, 6-5
parameters
ATM Addr Net Prefix, A-22
ATM Addr User Part, A-22
Data Encapsulation Type, A-20
Enable/Disable, A-20
MTU, A-24
User Part Autogeneration, A-21
Virtual Connection Type, A-21
window sequence (PVCs), A-18
window sequence (SVCs), A-19
Set Retry Count. See ILMI Set Retry Count
Set Timer. See ILMI Set Timer
Setup Sent timer. See T303
Index-10
signaling
control VCs
customizing, 11-1 to 11-7
redefining, 11-1
customizing, 9-1 to 9-9
enabling/disabling, 9-2
parameters
Enable, A-41
Max Number of SVC Applications, A-42
Max Parties in Multipoint Connections,
A-43
Max Point to Multipoint Connections, A-42
Max Point to Point Connections, A-42
Min Memory Threshold, A-43
Num Messages/Sec for Call Pacing, A-51
Num Restarts ReXmitted, A-51
Num Stat Enquiries ReXmitted, A-51
Protocol Standard, A-41
T303, A-44
T308, A-45
T309, A-45
T310, A-46
T313, A-46
T316, A-47
T316c, A-48
T322, A-49
T398, A-50
T399, A-50
TDisc, A-49
VCI, A-44
VPI, A-43
support, 9-1
window sequence, A-40
Signaling AAL. See SAAL
SSCOP
connection control, 12-4
poll data, 12-4
STAT PDU elements, 12-5
Status Enquiry Sent timer. See T322
Support Source CD, xxviii
114056 Rev. A
Index
Sustainable Cell Rate
described
control VCs, 11-4
PVCs, 7-5
setting
control VCs, 11-4
PVCs, 7-5
See also Xmit Sustainable Cell Rate
SVC applications, specifying number of, 9-2
SVC Inactivity Timeout
parameter description
ATM ARE, A-11
ATM FRE2, A-7
specifying
ATM ARE, 5-6
ATM FRE2, 5-2
Model 5780, 5-6
SVC Inactivity Timeout Enable
enabling/disabling
ATM ARE, 5-6
ATM FRE2, 5-2
Model 5780, 5-6
parameter description
ATM ARE, A-11
ATM FRE2, A-6
Model 5780, A-11
SVCs
access methods, 2-18
and service records, 2-8
encapsulation methods, 2-9 to 2-11
T
T303
parameter description, A-44
setting, 9-4
T308
parameter description, A-45
setting, 9-4
T309
parameter description, A-45
setting, 9-5
114056 Rev. A
T310
parameter description, A-46
setting, 9-5
T313
parameter description, A-46
setting, 9-5
T316
parameter description, A-47
setting, 9-6
T316c
parameter description, A-48
setting, 9-6
T322
parameter description, A-49
setting, 9-7
T398
parameter description, A-50
setting, 9-8
T399
parameter description, A-50
setting, 9-8
TDisc
parameter description, A-49
setting, 9-7
thresholds
connection, 9-3
timers
modifying
ILMI, 10-1 to 10-3
signaling, 9-4 to 9-8
See also specific timer
traffic parameters
modifying
control VCs, 11-2
PVCs, 7-3
transmission path, defined, 2-4
Index-11
Configuring ATM Services
U
UNI version. See Protocol Standard
unknown frames, controlling, 8-4
Use Hardware MAC Address
enabling/disabling, 6-2
parameter description, A-16
User Part Autogeneration
enabling/disabling, 6-3
parameter description, A-21
VPI/VCI pairs
setting, 7-1
See also VPI Number or VCI Number
W
window path, using, A-1
windows, accessing, A-1
World Wide Web, Bay Networks home page on,
xxvii
V
X
VC type. See Virtual Connection Type
VCC Timeout Period Enable
parameter description, A-36
setting, 8-6
VCI (signaling)
changing, 11-1
parameter description, A-44
See also ILMI VCI
VCI Number
parameter description, A-26
setting, 7-2
virtual channel identifier (VCI), defined, 2-4
virtual channel, defined, 2-4
virtual circuits. See PVCs or SVCs
Virtual Connection Type
parameter description, A-21
specifying, 6-6
virtual path identifier (VPI), defined, 2-4
virtual path, defined, 2-4
VPI (signaling)
changing, 11-1
parameter description, A-43
See also ILMI VPI
VPI Number
parameter description, A-25
setting, 7-1
Xmit Burst Size
parameter description
control VCs, A-59
PVCs, A-30
setting
control VCs, 11-6
PVCs, 7-7
Xmit Peak Cell Rate
parameter description
control VC, A-56
PVC, A-27
setting
control VCs, 11-2
PVCs, 7-3
Xmit Sustainable Cell Rate
parameter description
control VC, A-57
PVC, A-28
setting
control VCs, 11-4
PVCs, 7-5
Index-12
114056 Rev. A
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