Avaya X.25 User's Manual

Avaya X.25 User's Manual
Configuring X.25
Services
BayRS Version 12.00
Site Manager Software Version 6.00
Part No. 117377-A Rev. A
September 1997
4401 Great America Parkway
Santa Clara, CA 95054
8 Federal Street
Billerica, MA 01821
Copyright © 1997 Bay Networks, Inc.
All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. September 1997.
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117377-A Rev. A
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117377-A Rev. A
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117377-A Rev. A
Contents
About This Guide
Before You Begin .............................................................................................................xvi
Conventions .....................................................................................................................xvi
Acronyms ........................................................................................................................xvii
Ordering Bay Networks Publications ...............................................................................xix
Bay Networks Customer Service .....................................................................................xix
How to Get Help .............................................................................................................. xx
Chapter 1
X.25 Overview
X.25 Interface .................................................................................................................1-1
X.25 and the OSI Model .................................................................................................1-2
Physical Layer ..........................................................................................................1-3
Data Link Layer ........................................................................................................1-3
Link Access Procedure Balanced Protocol ........................................................1-4
LAPB Implementation on Bay Networks Routers ..............................................1-5
Network Layer ..........................................................................................................1-5
X.25 Service Types .........................................................................................................1-5
PVCs and SVCs .............................................................................................................1-7
How X.25 Services Work ................................................................................................1-7
PVC Services ...........................................................................................................1-7
Configuring X.25 PVCs for IP, IPX, and DECnet ...............................................1-7
Configuring X.25 PVCs for OSI .........................................................................1-8
SVC Services ...........................................................................................................1-8
Determining the X.121 Destination ....................................................................1-9
Establishing an SVC ........................................................................................1-10
Transmitting Data .............................................................................................1-11
IPEX .............................................................................................................................1-13
How IPEX Works ..........................................................................................................1-13
117377-A Rev. A
v
Levels of Tunneling .................................................................................................1-14
IPEX Network Interfaces ..............................................................................................1-14
X.25 PLP Interface .................................................................................................1-15
TCP Interface .........................................................................................................1-15
IPEX Facility Support ....................................................................................................1-16
Sequence of Connections with IPEX ............................................................................1-16
IPEX Mapping ...............................................................................................................1-18
Mapping Types .......................................................................................................1-18
IPEX Connection Summary ..........................................................................................1-18
IPEX Handling of Large Data Messages (M-bit) ...........................................................1-19
How X.25 Handles Large Data Messages .............................................................1-20
How TCP Handles Large Data Messages ..............................................................1-20
Q-bit Support ..........................................................................................................1-20
QLLC ............................................................................................................................1-20
QLLC and DLSw or APPN .....................................................................................1-21
NPSI .......................................................................................................................1-21
How QLLC Works .........................................................................................................1-21
Sequence of Connections with QLLC ....................................................................1-21
QLLC Mapping .............................................................................................................1-22
Adjacent and Partner Devices ......................................................................................1-22
Coordinating X.25 and DLSw Parameters ....................................................................1-23
Chapter 2
Implementation Notes
Data Compression ..........................................................................................................2-1
Load Sharing ..................................................................................................................2-2
Clocking Sources for Routers Set Back-to-Back ............................................................2-2
Packet-level Parameters: Max Window Size and
Max Packet Length .........................................................................................................2-3
Flow-Control Negotiation ................................................................................................2-3
Configuring LAPB for an AN or ASN ..............................................................................2-4
Configuring Synchronous Lines with X.25 ......................................................................2-5
DDN Default Service Record ..........................................................................................2-5
RFC 1356 Multiplexing ...................................................................................................2-6
PtoP Encapsulation ........................................................................................................2-8
X.25 over ISDN D Channel .............................................................................................2-8
vi
117377-A Rev. A
IPEX and X.25 over the ISDN D Channel ................................................................2-8
Requirements and Limitations ..................................................................................2-8
Using Regular ISDN and X.25 over the ISDN D Channel ........................................2-9
Further Information ..................................................................................................2-9
IPEX Local Switching and X.25 over the D Channel ......................................................2-9
Chapter 3
Enabling X.25 Service
Enabling X.25 on an Interface ........................................................................................3-1
Selecting a Connector ....................................................................................................3-2
Configuring X.25 Packet-level Parameters .....................................................................3-4
X.25 Packet-level Parameter Descriptions ...............................................................3-5
Adding X.25 Network Service Records ........................................................................3-11
X.25 Network Service Record Parameter Descriptions .........................................3-13
Adding X.25 Network Service Records to a
Previously Configured Interface .............................................................................3-18
Chapter 4
Editing X.25 Parameters
Editing the X.25 Global Parameter .................................................................................4-2
X.25 Global Parameter Description ..........................................................................4-3
Editing X.25 Packet-level Parameters .............................................................................4-4
X.25 Packet-level Parameter Descriptions ...............................................................4-5
Editing X.25 Network Service Records ........................................................................4-25
X.25 Network Service Record Parameter Descriptions .........................................4-28
Deleting X.25 Network Service Records ......................................................................4-39
Deleting X.25 from the Router ......................................................................................4-39
Chapter 5
Editing LAPB Parameters
Properties of the LAPB Protocol .....................................................................................5-1
Editing LAPB Parameters ...............................................................................................5-2
Chapter 6
Editing IPEX Parameters
Accessing IPEX Global Parameters ...............................................................................6-1
IPEX Global Parameter Descriptions .......................................................................6-3
Configuring IPEX Mapping Entries .................................................................................6-4
117377-A Rev. A
vii
Adding an IPEX Mapping Table Entry ......................................................................6-4
IPEX Mapping Parameter Descriptions ........................................................................6-13
Parameters for PVC and SVC Connections ...........................................................6-14
Parameters for TCP Connections ...........................................................................6-15
Additional Mapping Parameters .............................................................................6-17
Editing IPEX Mapping Table Entries .......................................................................6-21
Deleting IPEX Mapping Table Entries ....................................................................6-21
Deleting IPEX from the Router .....................................................................................6-22
Chapter 7
Editing QLLC Parameters
Configuring QLLC ...........................................................................................................7-1
Adding a QLLC Mapping Table Entry .......................................................................7-2
QLLC Mapping Parameter Descriptions .........................................................................7-6
QLLC Mapping Parameters .....................................................................................7-6
Additional Mapping Parameters ...............................................................................7-9
Editing or Deleting QLLC Mapping Table Entries ...................................................7-12
Appendix A
Sample IPEX Configurations
IPEX Mapping Example ................................................................................................. A-1
IPEX Single-Node Switching ......................................................................................... A-4
Configuring IPEX Local X.25 Switching .................................................................. A-4
Configuring the PVC or SVC Connection ......................................................... A-5
Configuring the TCP Connection ...................................................................... A-6
Appendix B
QLLC Configuration Examples
Sample Network Topologies .......................................................................................... B-1
Upstream QLLC Network ........................................................................................ B-2
Downstream QLLC Network ................................................................................... B-4
Setting the Generate XID Parameter ................................................................ B-4
Endpoint QLLC Network ......................................................................................... B-6
Setting the Options Parameter ......................................................................... B-6
Backbone QLLC Network ........................................................................................ B-8
viii
117377-A Rev. A
Appendix C
X.25 Default Parameter Settings
Appendix D
IPEX Cause and Diagnostic Codes
IPEX Originated Cause Code in Disconnect Request Packet ....................................... D-1
IPEX Originated Diagnostic Codes in Clear Request Packet ........................................ D-1
IPEX Originated Diagnostic Codes Due to TCP Error ................................................... D-1
X.25 Originated Cause and Diagnostic Codes Associated with
Clear Request Packets .................................................................................................. D-3
X.25 Originated Cause and Diagnostic Codes Associated with Restart Packets .......... D-7
X.25 Originated Cause and Diagnostic Codes Associated with Diagnostic Packets ..... D-8
X.25 Originated Cause and Diagnostic Codes Associated with Reset Packets ............ D-9
Index
117377-A Rev. A
ix
Figures
Figure 1-1.
Figure 1-2.
Figure 1-3.
Figure 1-4.
Figure 1-5.
Figure 1-6.
Figure 1-7.
X.25 Network ...........................................................................................1-2
OSI/X.25 Correspondence .......................................................................1-3
LAPB Frame .............................................................................................1-4
Sample X.25 Configuration ......................................................................1-8
Virtual Circuit Connecting Bay Networks Routers ...................................1-9
X.25 Call Request Packet Format ..........................................................1-10
Setting Up an X.25 Call Connection ......................................................1-11
Figure 1-8.
Figure 1-9.
Figure 1-10.
Figure 1-11.
Figure 1-12.
Figure 2-1.
Figure 2-2.
Figure 3-1.
Figure 3-2.
Figure 3-3.
Figure 3-4.
Figure 3-5.
Figure 4-1.
Figure 4-2.
Figure 4-3.
Figure 4-4.
Figure 4-5.
Figure 5-1.
Figure 6-1.
Figure 6-2.
Figure 6-3.
Figure 6-4.
Routing IP Traffic across the X.25 Network ............................................1-12
Sample Network Topology with TCP/IP Tunneling and IPEX .................1-13
Levels of Tunneling with IPEX ................................................................1-14
How IPEX Establishes Connections ......................................................1-17
Role of the X.25 and TCP Protocol Stacks in IPEX ...............................1-19
RFC 1356 Null Encapsulation ..................................................................2-7
RFC 1356 Normal Encapsulation ............................................................2-7
Add Circuit Window ..................................................................................3-2
WAN Protocols Menu ...............................................................................3-3
X.25 Packet Config Window .....................................................................3-4
X.25 Service Configuration Window for a PDN Network ........................3-11
X.25 Service Window .............................................................................3-12
Configuration Manager Window ...............................................................4-2
Edit X.25 Global Parameters Window ......................................................4-3
X.25 Packet Level Edit Window ................................................................4-5
X.25 Service Configuration Window for a DDN Network .......................4-26
Default DDN Service Window ................................................................4-27
Edit LAPB Parameters Window ...............................................................5-2
Configuration Manager Window Showing IPEX Protocols Menu .............6-2
Edit IPEX Global Parameters Window .....................................................6-2
X.25 Service Window ...............................................................................6-5
Values Selection Window .........................................................................6-6
117377-A Rev. A
xi
Figure 6-5.
Figure 6-6.
Figure 6-7.
Figure 6-8.
Figure 6-9.
Figure 6-10.
Figure 6-11.
Figure 7-1.
Figure 7-2.
Figure 7-3.
Figure 7-4.
Figure A-1.
Figure A-2.
Figure A-3.
Figure A-4.
Figure A-5.
Figure A-6.
Figure B-1.
Figure B-2.
Figure B-3.
Figure B-4.
xii
IPEX Mapping Table Configuration Window .............................................6-7
IPEX Mapping Add Window .....................................................................6-8
Source Connection Type Menu ................................................................6-9
Mapping Type Menu ...............................................................................6-10
IPEX Mapping Parameters Window for PVC .........................................6-12
IPEX Mapping Parameters Window for SVC .........................................6-12
IPEX Mapping Parameters Window for TCP ..........................................6-13
X.25 Service Window ...............................................................................7-2
Values Selection Window .........................................................................7-3
QLLC Mapping Table Configuration Window ...........................................7-4
QLLC Mapping Parameters Window ........................................................7-5
Sample Configuration for Mapping Parameters ...................................... A-1
IPEX Mapping Parameters for Local SVC Connection Type ................... A-2
IPEX Mapping Parameters for Local TCP Connection Type ................... A-2
IPEX Mapping Parameters for Remote SVC Connection Type ............... A-3
IPEX Mapping Parameters for Remote TCP Connection Type ............... A-3
IPEX Single-Node Switching ................................................................... A-4
Upstream QLLC Network ........................................................................ B-3
Downstream QLLC Network ................................................................... B-5
Endpoint QLLC Network ......................................................................... B-7
X.25 Backbone QLLC Network ............................................................... B-8
117377-A Rev. A
Tables
Table 2-1.
Table 2-2.
Table 2-3.
Table 4-1.
Table 4-2.
Table C-1.
Table C-2.
X.25 Packet-level Parameters ..................................................................2-3
X.25 Service Record Parameters ............................................................2-4
Synchronous Line Parameter Defaults for X.25 .......................................2-5
Parameter Settings for Flow-Control Negotiation ...................................4-15
User Facilities and Codes ......................................................................4-37
X.25 Global Parameter ........................................................................... C-1
X.25 Packet-level Parameters ................................................................. C-1
Table C-3.
Table C-4.
Table C-5.
Table C-6.
Table C-7.
X.25 Network Service Record Parameters ............................................. C-4
LAPB Parameters ................................................................................... C-5
IPEX Global Parameters ......................................................................... C-5
IPEX Parameters .................................................................................... C-6
QLLC Parameters ................................................................................... C-7
117377-A Rev. A
xiii
About This Guide
If you are responsible for configuring X.25, you need to read this guide.
117377-A Rev. A
If you want to
Go to
Start X.25 on a router and get it running with default settings for
parameters
Chapter 3
Learn about the X.25 protocol and special aspects of the Bay
Networks implementation of X.25
Chapter 1 and
Chapter 2
Change default settings for X.25 parameters
Chapter 4
Change default settings for LAPB parameters
Chapter 5
Configure IPEX
Chapter 6
Configure QLLC
Chapter 7
View a sample IPEX configuration
Appendix A
View examples of QLLC configurations
Appendix B
View lists of default parameter settings for X.25, LAPB, IPEX and
QLLC
Appendix C
Consult IPEX diagnostic codes
Appendix D
xv
Configuring X.25 Services
Before You Begin
Before using this guide, you must complete the following procedures. For a new
router:
•
Install the router (refer to the installation manual that came with your router).
•
Connect the router to the network and create a pilot configuration file (refer to
Quick-Starting Routers, Configuring BayStack Remote Access, or Connecting
ASN Routers to a Network).
Make sure that you are running the latest version of Bay Networks Site Manager
and router software. For instructions, refer to Upgrading Routers from Version
7–11.xx to Version 12.00.
Conventions
angle brackets (< >)
Indicate that you choose the text to enter based on the
description inside the brackets. Do not type the
brackets when entering the command.
Example: if command syntax is ping <ip_address>,
you enter ping 192.32.10.12
bold text
Indicates text that you need to enter, command names,
and buttons in menu paths.
Example: Enter wfsm &
Example: Use the dinfo command.
Example: ATM DXI > Interfaces > PVCs identifies the
PVCs button in the window that appears when you
select the Interfaces option from the ATM DXI menu.
xvi
italic text
Indicates variable values in command syntax
descriptions, new terms, file and directory names, and
book titles.
quotation marks (“ ”)
Indicate the title of a chapter or section within a book.
screen text
Indicates data that appears on the screen.
Example: Set Bay Networks Trap Monitor Filters
117377-A Rev. A
About This Guide
separator ( > )
Separates menu and option names in instructions and
internal pin-to-pin wire connections.
Example: Protocols > AppleTalk identifies the
AppleTalk option in the Protocols menu.
Example: Pin 7 > 19 > 20
vertical line (|)
Indicates that you enter only one of the parts of the
command. The vertical line separates choices. Do not
type the vertical line when entering the command.
Example: If the command syntax is
show at routes | nets, you enter either
show at routes or show at nets, but not both.
Acronyms
APPN
BFE
BofL
CUG
CUGOA
DCE
DDN
DLSw
DTE
FEP
FDDI
FTP
HDLC
IEEE
IP
IPEX
ISDN
ISO
ITU-T
LAN
LAP
117377-A Rev. A
Advanced Peer-to-Peer Networking
Blacker front-end encryption
Breath of Life (message)
closed user group
closed user group with outgoing access
data circuit-terminating equipment
Defense Data Network
Data Link Switching
data terminal equipment
front-end processor
Fiber Distributed Data Interface
File Transfer Protocol
High-level Data Link Control
Institute of Electrical Engineers
Internet Protocol
IP Encapsulation of X.25
Integrated Services Digital Network
International Organization for Standardization
International Telecommunications
Union–Telecommunication Standardization Sector (formerly
CCITT)
local area network
Link Access Procedure
xvii
Configuring X.25 Services
LAPB
LAPD
LCN
LLC
M-bit
MAC
MCT1
MIB
MTU
NCP
NPSI
NUI
OSI
OSPF
PAD
PDN
PDU
PLP
PPP
PSN
PtoP
PVC
Q-bit
QLLC
RPOA
SDLC
SNA
SNPA
SVC
TCP/IP
TE1
VC
xviii
Link Access Procedure Balanced
Link Access Procedure on the D Channel
logical channel number
Logical Link Control
More bit
media access control
Multichannel T1
management information base
maximum transmission unit
Network Control Program
NCP Packet Switching Interface
Network User Identification
Open Systems Interconnection
Open Shortest Path First
packet assembler/disassembler
Public Data Network
protocol data unit
Packet Layer Protocol
Point-to-Point Protocol
packet-switching network
Point-to-Point
permanent virtual circuit
Qualified data bit
Qualified Logical Link Control
recognized private operating agencies
Synchronous Data Link Control
Systems Network Architecture
Subnetwork Point of Attachment
switched virtual circuit
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
Terminal Equipment Type 1
virtual circuit
117377-A Rev. A
About This Guide
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117377-A Rev. A
xix
Configuring X.25 Services
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117377-A Rev. A
Chapter 1
X.25 Overview
The X.25 Protocol transports LAN traffic to packet-switching networks (PSNs).
X.25 allows many different kinds of equipment to communicate across networks
at a relatively low cost.
Common carriers, mainly the telephone companies, designed X.25. An agency of
the United Nations, the International Telecommunication
Union-Telecommunications sector (ITU-T, formerly CCITT), administers the
X.25 Protocol. X.25 is a global standard, and is the dominant communications
protocol in use around the world today.
X.25 Interface
X.25 defines the interaction across PSNs between data terminal equipment (DTE)
and data circuit-terminating equipment (DCE). DTEs include devices such as
terminals, hosts, and routers; DCEs include devices such as modems, packet
switches, and other ports.
Figure 1-1 shows an X.25 network. A DTE (in this case, Router A) connects to a
DCE in the PSN. The PSN connects to another DCE and, finally, to another DTE
(Router B).
117377-A Rev. A
1-1
Configuring X.25 Services
PSN
Virtual circuit
Virtual circuit
DCE
Router A (DTE)
DCE
Router B (DTE)
X250001A
Figure 1-1.
X.25 Network
To begin communication, one DTE device (for example, a router) calls another
DTE to request a data exchange session. The called DTE can accept or refuse the
connection. If the called DTE accepts the connection, the two systems begin
full-duplex data transfer. Either side can terminate the connection at any time.
Because Public Data Networks (PDNs), the most commonly used type of PSN,
typically use error-prone analog lines, the X.25 Protocol provides extensive error
checking, recovery, and packet sequencing.
A DTE can be a device that does not itself implement X.25. In this case, the DTE
connects to a DCE through a packet assembler/disassembler (PAD), which is a
device that translates data into packet form.
X.25 and the OSI Model
The Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Basic Reference Model combines a
nonproprietary structured computer system architecture with a set of common
communication protocols. It comprises seven layers. Each layer provides specific
functions or services and follows the corresponding OSI communications
protocols to perform those services.
The X.25 Protocol focuses on three of the seven layers in the OSI model: the
physical layer, the data link layer, and the network, or packet, layer. As you read
the following sections, refer to Figure 1-2, which illustrates the correspondence
between X.25 and the OSI model. Figure 1-2 conforms to the typical rendering of
the OSI model, which depicts the physical layer at the bottom of the protocol
stack, and refers to succeeding layers as representing higher-level protocols.
1-2
117377-A Rev. A
X.25 Overview
OSI model
Network layer
Data link layer
Physical layer
X.25 protocol
X.25 packet layer
LAPB
X.21, X.21bis/RS232C,
RS449/422, and V.35
X250003A
Figure 1-2.
OSI/X.25 Correspondence
Physical Layer
The physical layer transmits bits across the physical connection or modem
interface. Bay Networks supports all of the standard media for X.25 transmission:
X.21, X.21bis/RS232C, RS449/422, and V.35.
Data Link Layer
The data link layer defines the link access procedures for transferring frames of
data accurately and reliably across the access lines between the DTE and the
DCE.
117377-A Rev. A
1-3
Configuring X.25 Services
Link Access Procedure Balanced Protocol
X.25 uses the Link Access Procedure Balanced (LAPB) protocol at the data link
layer to
•
Initialize the link between the DTE and the local DCE device
•
Frame X.25 data packets before transmitting them to the DCE
LAPB is a version of high-level data link control (HDLC), which is an OSI
standard.
Figure 1-3 shows a LAPB frame. The LAPB Information field contains the X.25
data packet. When an X.25 packet reaches the destination router, the LAPB
protocol strips away the LAPB frame and delivers the packet to the network layer
for further processing.
X.25 packet
Flag
Control
Address
Information
Frame
check
sequence
Flag
X250004A
Figure 1-3.
1-4
LAPB Frame
117377-A Rev. A
X.25 Overview
LAPB Implementation on Bay Networks Routers
The implementation of the LAPB protocol on the AN® and ASN™ routers, and on
BN® and LN® routers with an Octal Sync link module, differs from that on other
Bay Networks routers. On the AN and ASN routers and BN and LN routers with
Octal Sync, LAPB is implemented in software in routers that use the QUICC
68360 driver. You can configure LAPB line parameters for these routers. For all
other link modules, LAPB is implemented in the hardware using the MK5025
chip, and you cannot configure LAPB line parameters.
Note: The different LAPB implementations result in two different LAPB
management information bases (MIBs). This means that if you copy an
existing configuration from a Bay Networks router that uses the MK5025 chip
to the AN or ASN, or the BN or LN with Octal Sync, the configuration may
not work because the location of the LAPB MIB is different.
When you configure X.25, you automatically set up LAPB. For information about
editing LAPB parameters, refer to Chapter 5, “Editing LAPB Parameters.”
Network Layer
The network, or packet, layer establishes the virtual circuit (VC) and provides
procedures for call establishment, data transfer, flow control, error recovery, and
call clearing. The router uses the network layer to determine destination X.121
addresses and to specify which user-configurable X.25 facilities the network layer
supports. (See “Determining the X.121 Destination” later in this chapter, for more
information about X.121 addresses.) The X.25 Protocol defines how the DTE and
its respective DCE communicate and exchange data.
The X.25 network transmits data over virtual circuits between each source and
destination on the network. Because as many as 128 VCs can exist on the same
physical link at the same time, multiple devices can share the bandwidth of the
transmission line, sending data in multiple packets from the source to the
destination.
X.25 Service Types
The Bay Networks router transmits data across five types of X.25 network
services.
117377-A Rev. A
1-5
Configuring X.25 Services
•
Public Data Network (PDN)
The X.25 PDN service provides end-to-end connectivity between the router
and a remote DTE that supports Internet RFC 1356 X.25 services. The Bay
Networks router supports Internet RFC 1356 for IP, OSI, DECnet, IPX, and
XNS.
•
Defense Data Network (DDN)
The X.25 DDN service provides end-to-end connectivity between a router and
a remote DTE that supports X.25 DDN Standard Service. IP uses DDN
service to transmit IP datagrams. OSI uses DDN service to send OSI protocol
data units (PDUs) over the X.25 network. No other protocols use DDN
services.
You can implement an X.25 DDN network as a Blacker front-end encryption
(BFE) network. BFE is an external, standalone encryption device that you
connect to your router to establish X.25 DDN networks.
•
Point-to-Point Service
Point-to-Point service is proprietary to Bay Networks, so Bay Networks
routers must be at both ends of the connection. AppleTalk, transparent and
spanning tree bridging, DECnet, IP, VINES, XNS, IPX, and OSI can use
Point-to-Point X.25 service to transmit datagrams over the X.25 network.
•
IP Encapsulation of X.25 (IPEX)
IPEX allows two X.25 systems to exchange data by tunneling over a TCP/IP
network.
•
X.25 Gateway
X.25 Gateway allows an X.25 system to exchange data with TCP/IP hosts.
For more information, refer to Configuring X.25 Gateway Services.
•
Qualified Logical Link Control (QLLC)
QLLC transfers IBM Systems Network Architecture (SNA) traffic over an
X.25 network.
The type of traffic that the router forwards depends upon the type of network layer
service enabled on each of the router’s network interfaces. For example, if you
configure an interface for DDN services, you cannot configure any other type of
service. You can, however, configure an interface to run PDN IPEX, QLLC, and
Point-to-Point services together.
1-6
117377-A Rev. A
X.25 Overview
PVCs and SVCs
Bay Networks X.25 services enable you to configure both permanent virtual
circuits (PVCs) and switched virtual circuits (SVCs).
A PVC is a permanent logical path that you configure between two DTEs. It uses
a fixed logical channel to maintain a fixed point-to-point connection between two
end stations on a network. A PVC requires no setup operation before or
disconnect operation after data travels between these end stations.
An SVC is a connection across a network that exists only as long as data travels
across that circuit. An SVC is established on an as-needed basis, and can connect
any two end stations in the network. SVCs have three separate phases: call setup,
data transfer and call disconnection.
You can configure a combination of PVCs and SVCs on the same interface.
For instructions on configuring X.25 PVCs and SVCs, refer to Chapter 3,
“Enabling X.25 Service.”
How X.25 Services Work
End users on a LAN use the services of the Bay Networks router to access X.25
networks. The router acts as a DTE device; it encapsulates user data in X.25
format and transmits it across the network.
PVC Services
PVCs work the same way as SVCs, except that you configure permanent
mappings for PVCs, while SVCs create mappings each time a call occurs.
You create permanent mappings by assigning the appropriate PVC LCN in the
adjacent host record for the specified protocol. The PVC LCN value can not be
numerically equal to any SVC remote X.121 address that is configured in an
adjacent host record for the same protocol and on the same next-hop interface.
Configuring X.25 PVCs for IP, IPX, and DECnet
Enter a PVC LCN value in the Adjacent Host Address parameter.
117377-A Rev. A
1-7
Configuring X.25 Services
Configuring X.25 PVCs for OSI
Enter a PVC LCN value in the SNPA parameter.
Note: X.25 PVCs do not work with XNS.
SVC Services
To demonstrate how Bay Networks X.25 services work for SVCs, the following
sections explain how Router A, which is configured for X.25 PDN services, routes
data from IP end station 1.1.1.2 over the X.25 network to IP end station 3.1.1.2.
Refer to Figure 1-4 as you read the next sections.
X.25 PDN
10000
1.1.1.1
2.1.1.1
20000
2.1.1.2
DCE
Router A
1.1.1.2
3.1.1.1
DCE
Router B
3.1.1.2
IP network
IP network
Key
DCE = Data circuit-terminating equipment
10000, 20000 = X.121 addresses
X250005A
Figure 1-4.
1-8
Sample X.25 Configuration
117377-A Rev. A
X.25 Overview
Determining the X.121 Destination
Each interface connecting to the X.25 network has an X.121 address, which
consists of 1 to 15 decimal digits. For example, in Figure 1-4 the X.121 network
addresses for Routers A and B are 10000 and 20000, respectively. Router A
communicates with Router B over the X.25 network by setting up virtual circuits
that connect the two X.25 interfaces.
Data transmission begins when
1.
Router A receives an IP datagram from IP end station 1.1.1.2 that is destined
for end station 3.1.1.2.
2.
Router A checks its IP routing table to determine the next hop on the
datagram’s path (in this example, IP address 2.1.1.2).
3.
When Router A determines that the next hop is located across the X.25
network, it checks to see which destination X.121 address maps to the next
hop’s IP address via the IP adjacent host table (in this example, X.121 address
20000).
4.
To transmit the datagram across the network, the router now establishes a
virtual connection between itself and destination X.121 address 20000.
Router A begins by selecting an unused virtual circuit. The router assigns the
circuit a 12-bit virtual circuit number (Figure 1-5), which it chooses from a
user-specified range of virtual circuit numbers. The virtual circuit number
identifies the logical channel portion of the circuit that connects the router and
its DCE.
Virtual circuit number = 000000000001
10000
Logical
channel
X.25 PDN
DCE
Router A
20000
DCE
Router B
X250006A
Figure 1-5.
117377-A Rev. A
Virtual Circuit Connecting Bay Networks Routers
1-9
Configuring X.25 Services
The logical channel consists of a 4-bit logical channel group number
concatenated with an 8-bit logical channel number. The logical channel
number identifies this circuit as the one that will carry all data transmitted
between the router and the destination DTE, when the connection to the
destination X.121 address is established.
Establishing an SVC
After Router A determines the destination X.121 address, the two routers establish
an SVC as follows:
Router A uses the services of the packet layer protocol to generate a call
request packet that it sends to Router B.
1.
Along with various optional X.25 facilities, the call request packet specifies
the outgoing logical channel number, Router A’s X.121 address, and Router
B’s X.121 address (Figure 1-6).
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
Logical channel group number
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
Logical channel number
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
Call request
Source
X.121 length
Destination
X.121 length
Destination X.121
address
Source X.121 address
Facilities length
Facilities
Data
X250007A
Figure 1-6.
1-10
X.25 Call Request Packet Format
2.
When the local DCE receives Router A’s call request, the DCE forwards it
across the X.25 network, where it is eventually routed to Router B.
3.
Router B checks the called address for a match to its configured X.121
address. It also checks the calling address for a match to the remote X.121
address configured in the service record.
117377-A Rev. A
X.25 Overview
4.
If it finds both matches, it accepts the call, and responds with a call accept
packet that establishes the virtual connection between the two routers.
When the SVC is established, the router can transmit and receive data
(Figure 1-7).
1. Send request
X.25 PDN
Call request
DCE
DCE
Incoming call
Router A
Router B
2. Establish connection
X.25 PDN
Call confirm
DCE
DCE
Call accept
Router A
Router B
3. Encapsulate and transmit data
X.25 PDN
User data
DCE
DCE
Router A
User data
Router B
X250008A
Figure 1-7.
Setting Up an X.25 Call Connection
Transmitting Data
After Router B establishes the circuit, data travels between end stations 1.1.1.2
and 3.1.1.2 as follows:
117377-A Rev. A
1-11
Configuring X.25 Services
1.
Router A begins processing the packets it receives from IP end station 1.1.1.2
across the X.25 network to Router B.
2.
Router B removes the X.25 packet headers and trailers and forwards only the
IP data to IP end station 3.1.1.2 (Figure 1-8).
3.
IP end station 3.1.1.2 transmits data to end station 1.1.1.2.
Note that other IP end stations (for example, 1.1.1.3) can use the virtual
circuit to transmit data in the direction of end station 3.1.1.2 until the call is
cleared.
The call request and call accept packets specify the logical channel numbers
(LCNs) assigned to the virtual connections between each router and its
corresponding DCE. As a result, subsequent X.25 data packets contain only
the logical channel numbers, rather than the complete X.121 destination
addresses.
X.25 PDN
10000
1.1.1.1
2.1.1.1
20000
2.1.1.2
DCE
3.1.1.1
DCE
Router A
1.1.1.2
Router B
3.1.1.2
IP network
1.1.1.3
IP network
X250009A
Figure 1-8.
1-12
Routing IP Traffic across the X.25 Network
117377-A Rev. A
X.25 Overview
IPEX
Bay Networks X.25 services include IP Encapsulation of X.25 (IPEX). IPEX lets
you send and receive messages between two X.25 systems via a TCP/IP network.
The tunneling maps TCP sockets to X.25 virtual circuits.
IPEX works with X.25 virtual circuits, both PVCs and SVCs, as well as with
TCP/IP protocols over all interface types that Bay Networks routers support.
Note: In this document, the acronym IPEX refers to both the Bay Networks
router when configured to provide X.25 tunneling service, and to the software
that implements the tunneling, depending on the context.
IPEX supports
•
TCP/IP over Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI), Ethernet, and Token
Ring LAN media
•
X.25 over synchronous interfaces (6 MB/s maximum)
How IPEX Works
Tunneling support attaches an X.25 DTE or DCE to the IPEX router, which
converts X.25 data to TCP and uses TCP/IP to carry the X.25 data to another,
remote IPEX router, which converts it back to X.25. Figure 1-9 illustrates this
conversion.
TCP
connections
X.25 Level 3
connections
TCP
X.25 Level 3
connections
TCP
TCP/IP
"local"
IPEX
(router)
X.25
DTEs or DCEs
"local"
IPEX
(router)
X.25
DTEs or DCEs
X250010A
Figure 1-9.
Sample Network Topology with TCP/IP Tunneling and IPEX
117377-A Rev. A
1-13
Configuring X.25 Services
The sample configuration shows X.25 DTEs or DCEs connected to Bay Networks
routers by standard X.25 lines, interfaces, and software, and a network of routers
interconnected by standard TCP/IP lines and interfaces. You can connect the
DTEs or DCEs to the router using any synchronous or Multichannel T1 (MCT1)
port type.
Levels of Tunneling
IPEX
(router)
X.25 interface
X.25
TCP
TCP/IP
TCP interface
TCP interface
X.25
TCP
X.25
X.25 interface
Figure 1-10 shows the levels of tunneling within the IPEX router.
X.25
IPEX
(router)
X250011A
Figure 1-10. Levels of Tunneling with IPEX
When communicating with an X.25 DTE, the Bay Networks IPEX router acts as
an X.25 DCE. Conversely, when communicating with an X.25 DCE, the Bay
Networks IPEX router acts as an X.25 DTE. The IPEX router provides X.25 VC
support. You define the connection between two X.25 systems during
configuration. When either a DCE or DTE initiates a call, the router establishes a
TCP connection. VCs must have an X.121 address for the router to make the TCP
connection.
IPEX Network Interfaces
Bay Networks routers that support IPEX services use the following protocols:
1-14
•
X.25 Packet Layer Protocol (PLP)
•
Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
•
Internet Protocol (IP)
117377-A Rev. A
X.25 Overview
X.25 PLP Interface
The X.25 PLP interface corresponds to OSI layer 3. On an X.25 PLP interface,
you can create and configure multiple VCs.
On an X.25 interface, you can configure IPEX service and another type of X.25
service: PDN, Point-to-Point, or QLLC. IPEX uses the X.25 flow-control
mechanisms to detect any congestion in the X.25 connection.
IPEX uses the X.25 PLP client interface to
•
Open and close X.25 connections
•
Send data to the X.25 module for transmission
•
Process received data delivered from the X.25 module
•
Control the flow of data across the client interface
•
Ensure data integrity
TCP Interface
IPEX appears to TCP as a client. As such, IPEX specifies the socket for the local
TCP interface (consisting of its IP address and TCP port number) and another
socket for the remote TCP interface to establish a connection.
For VCs using IPEX, when the local X.25 DCE or DTE requests an X.25
end-to-end switched connection, the local router contacts the remote IPEX router
to establish a unique TCP connection for that X.25 connection.
Because a large number of TCP connections may be active concurrently to
support many tunneling sessions, IPEX service uses a large range of TCP port
numbers to create separate sockets for the individual tunneling sessions. However,
IPEX service does not use any port numbers that are reserved for the standard
TCP/IP protocols, UNIX system services, or other TCP client services provided in
the software. The port numbers reserved for IPEX service range from 12,304
through 16,399.
IPEX uses the TCP client interface to
117377-A Rev. A
•
Open, close, and check the status of TCP connections
•
Send data to the TCP module for transmission
•
Process received data delivered from the TCP module
•
Control the flow of data across the client interface
•
Ensure data integrity across the IP network
1-15
Configuring X.25 Services
IPEX Facility Support
IPEX handles only the following X.25 PLP facilities:
•
Default Packet Size and Default Window Size: The IPEX router examines
the packet and window size in the X.25 call from the client terminal. When
the router has validated and accepted these parameters, it sets up the optimal
flow control queues at the X.25 client interface, as well as the optimal receive
and transmit windows at the TCP client interface.
•
Flow Control Parameter Negotiation: The IPEX router can support the
largest packet size defined in the X.25 standard. Therefore, it always accepts
the proposed window and packet size parameters in the X.25 call packet from
the client terminal after they are validated, without negotiating a smaller
window or packet size.
Sequence of Connections with IPEX
Figure 1-11 illustrates the sequence of calls and connections in X.25 TCP/IP
tunneling, as follows:
1-16
1.
The local IPEX router receives an incoming X.25 call request from a client
X.25 terminal.
2.
The local IPEX router sends a TCP connection request to the IPEX router
serving the remote X.25 terminal.
3.
The remote IPEX router then sends a call request to the remote X.25 terminal.
4.
That terminal then responds with an X.25 call accepted packet.
5.
The remote IPEX router accepts the TCP connection.
6.
The local IPEX router accepts the local X.25 connection.
117377-A Rev. A
X.25 Overview
X.25
call request
Step 1
TCP/IP
X.25
terminal
"local"
IPEX
(router)
X.25
call pending
"distant"
IPEX
(router)
X.25
terminal
TCP connection
request
Step 2
X.25
call request
Step 3
X.25
call accepted
Step 4
TCP
connection established
X.25
connection established
Step 5
X.25
call accepted
Step 6
X250012A
Figure 1-11.
117377-A Rev. A
How IPEX Establishes Connections
1-17
Configuring X.25 Services
IPEX Mapping
For each established VC connection that contains a specified X.25 called address
(X.121 address), IPEX establishes a TCP connection from IPEX to a TCP/IP
server. This connection consists of the IP address and the TCP port number of a
remote TCP/IP peer that correspond to the X.25 called address. To enable
X.25-to-TCP conversion, you must configure the following information:
•
The point of attachment (that is, the circuit interface) on the IPEX system at
which the VC establishes the connection.
•
The VC LCN range at the packet level.
•
The X.25 called address of the incoming call request from the X.25
DTE/DCE to IPEX.
•
The associated remote TCP socket (IP address and TCP port number) that
identifies the destination of the TCP connection.
This mapping sets a path for forwarding data received on an X.25 virtual circuit to
a specific remote TCP/IP peer.
Mapping Types
To configure IPEX, you must select either local or end-to-end mapping, which
determines whether facilities, call user data, M-bit and Q-bit support terminate
locally or are passed across the TCP/IP connection.
If you set the mapping type to local, IPEX ports can support different packet sizes
at each end, but message size can be no longer than 4 KB.
If you configure end-to-end mapping, all IPEX ports must have the same packet
and window size, or the M-bit support will not function properly. End-to-end
mapping allows unlimited message size.
IPEX Connection Summary
To set up a reliable tunneling session, each side must successfully establish a
connection. When one side receives a call request, the other side attempts to
connect. If the connection attempt fails on the remote side, the local side will
reject the call request it received because the tunneling session cannot be set up.
1-18
117377-A Rev. A
X.25 Overview
Figure 1-12 shows how IPEX mediates the interaction between the two protocol
stacks as the data flows between the X.25 client terminals and the TCP-based
hosts.
Information
from/to other
X.25 terminals
Information
from/to other
IPEX routers
X.25 level 2
IP
FDDI
V.35
MCT1/E1
X.25 level 2
SYNC
X.25 level 3
IEEE 802.3
IEEE 802.2
SNMP
TCP
IEEE 802.5
X.25 level 3
SNMP
IPEX module
TCP
IP
IEEE 802.2
IEEE 802.3
X250013A
Figure 1-12.
Role of the X.25 and TCP Protocol Stacks in IPEX
The TCP and X.25 communication stacks share the responsibility for maintaining
a reliable and efficient data flow. That is, if data loss occurs because of a lack of
software resources or intermittent transmission errors, the communication stack
on that side must retransmit the lost data. In addition, both sides must
independently maintain protocol flow control.
Data loss may also occur due to hardware or other catastrophic failures. You must
implement redundancy in the network topology design and provide manual or
automated intervention to handle these types of data communication failures.
IPEX Handling of Large Data Messages (M-bit)
X.25 is a message-based protocol, and TCP is an unstructured stream protocol.
They differ in the way they send outgoing traffic from their clients and deliver
incoming traffic to their clients.
117377-A Rev. A
1-19
Configuring X.25 Services
How X.25 Handles Large Data Messages
When the X.25 client submits an X.25 message that is larger than an X.25 packet
size, the X.25 protocol fragments the message. X.25 then transmits the sequence
of packets containing these fragments. Within each packet, X.25 includes a flag
(M-bit) that indicates the fragmentation and helps the receiver reassemble the
message.
How TCP Handles Large Data Messages
TCP, on the other hand, does not have a flag to mark fragmentation of messages
that are bigger than the TCP maximum transmission unit (MTU) size. The portion
of a message that does not fit into one TCP data segment is sent in a subsequent
data segment. Without a flag or any indication of the size of the message, the TCP
client has no way of determining the boundary of a message; that is, whether the
complete message is contained within one or in several data segments. Hence,
once IPEX receives the X.25 user data and translates it to a TCP data segment, the
message boundary is lost.
To minimize changes in the existing host applications, IPEX maintains the X.25
message boundary. IPEX structures the application information into message
blocks before encapsulating it in TCP data segments.
Q-bit Support
IPEX service includes support for the Qualified Data bit (Q-bit), which is
transported generically through the network. A Q-bit value of 1 indicates that the
frame is a control frame, and a value of 0 indicates that it is a data frame.
QLLC
Bay Networks X.25 services include Qualified Logical Link Control (QLLC), a
protocol that transfers IBM SNA data over an X.25 network. QLLC carries both
Logical Link Control (LLC) information and SNA data across an X.25 network.
For example, with QLLC support, a Bay Networks router can send and receive
X.25 packets from an IBM host running IBM’s X.25 NCP Packet Switching
Interface (NPSI) and downstream QLLC compatible SNA endstations. It can also
work with other topologies, several of which are illustrated in Appendix B,
“QLLC Configuration Examples.”
1-20
117377-A Rev. A
X.25 Overview
QLLC and DLSw or APPN
You must run DLSw or APPN when you use QLLC. The router transmits the SNA
data contained within QLLC packets over SDLC or LLC (token ring, Ethernet,
frame relay) data links that use DLSw services.
QLLC works with all media that X.25 supports. You can establish as many as 128
simultaneous QLLC VCs on a physical link.
To configure DLSw, see Configuring DLSw Services. To configure APPN, see
Configuring APPN Services.
NPSI
IBM’s NCP Packet Switching Interface (NPSI) software allows SNA hosts to
attach to X.25 networks, and to support virtual circuits for both incoming and
outgoing calls. NPSI makes X.25 virtual circuits appear to SNA hosts as
point-to-point (SDLC) links.
How QLLC Works
The interfaces that you configure for QLLC conversion are the serial interfaces of
the X.25 network that connect to the remote devices with which you want your
local SNA devices to communicate.
Sequence of Connections with QLLC
When an X.25 attached device -- for example, a 3174 -- wants to send data to an
IBM host, the 3174 sends an X.25 call request packet. The IBM host running
NPSI receives the call request, and establishes a QLLC session with the 3174.
117377-A Rev. A
1-21
Configuring X.25 Services
QLLC Mapping
The QLLC software matches the MAC address that DLSw recognizes to the
X.121 address that X.25 recognizes. It also translates the data into a format that
the receiving X.25 device can comprehend.
To use QLLC, you must assign a virtual MAC address to the X.25 device, and
map that MAC address to the device’s X.121 address. You must also assign a
virtual X.121 address to the DLSw device, and map that address to the DLSw
device’s MAC address. This mapping sets a path for forwarding data between an
X.25 VC and a specific remote DLSw device. QLLC requires one mapping entry
for each VC.
Appendix B, “QLLC Configuration Examples,” shows examples of QLLC
network topologies.
Adjacent and Partner Devices
Bay Networks QLLC uses the terms adjacent and partner to describe the X.121
and MAC addresses that map to each other. These terms are relative to the
interface that runs the QLLC/X.25 software.
The Adjacent X.121 DTE/DCE device connects to the interface that is running the
QLLC/X.25 software, either directly or indirectly. It maps to that device’s
Adjacent MAC address.
The Partner X.121 DTE/DCE device connects through the DLSw network. It
maps to that device’s Partner MAC Address.
In Figure B-1 (Appendix B) for example, Router A connects to the SNA
mainframe through the X.25 network, so the mainframe is an adjacent device. The
PC, the 3174 control unit, and the AS400 are partner devices because they connect
through the DLSw network, and not through the X.25 network.
In Figure B-4 (Appendix B), Router A connects to the SNA mainframe through a
token ring network, so it is a partner device. Router A connects to the PC through
the X.25 network, so the PC is an adjacent device. The mainframe is an adjacent
device for Router B, because they connect through the X.25 network. The PC is a
partner device for Router B.
1-22
117377-A Rev. A
X.25 Overview
Coordinating X.25 and DLSw Parameters
In addition to setting QLLC parameters, you must coordinate X.25 packet size
parameters with the SNA frame size to ensure that they are compatible.
117377-A Rev. A
1-23
Chapter 2
Implementation Notes
This chapter describes special features of the Bay Networks X.25 implementation,
including:
•
Data compression
•
Load sharing
•
Clocking sources for routers set back-to-back
•
Max Window Size and Max Packet Length parameters
•
Flow control negotiation
•
Configuring LAPB for an AN or ASN
•
Configuring synchronous lines
•
DDN default service record
•
RFC 1356
•
PtoP encapsulation
•
X.25 over the D Channel
•
IPEX Local Switching
Data Compression
Bay Networks data compression software enables you to reduce line costs and
improve response times over X.25 networks.
Our data compression eliminates redundancies in data streams. When you use
compression on your network, bandwidth efficiency improves, enabling you to
transmit more data over a given amount of network bandwidth.
117377-A Rev. A
2-1
Configuring X.25 Services
To use data compression with X.25, you must set the X.25 service record
parameter, Enable Compression, to Enable. See Chapter 4 for information about
how to access this parameter.
For a complete discussion of data compression, descriptions of compression
parameters, and instructions for configuring compression for an X.25 interface,
see Configuring Data Compression Services.
Load Sharing
The Bay Networks implementation of X.25 on PDN networks includes load
sharing across as many as four VCs, using a round-robin algorithm to distribute
traffic. This feature improves performance by increasing the effective window
size, that is, the number of packets that a DTE can transmit before it receives an
acknowledgment.
To take advantage of multiple virtual connections and load sharing across them,
you must set the Max Connections network service record parameter to a value
greater than 1 (see Chapter 4).
IPEX and QLLC do not support load sharing.
Clocking Sources for Routers Set Back-to-Back
If two Bay Networks routers are operating back-to-back without a clocking
source, you must configure internal clocking on both routers. Use a crossover
cable to connect the ports.
The default clocking source for X.25 is external. When you configure X.25 and
LAPB on an existing network, external clocking can cause unpredictable results
on any internally clocked line. Clocking sources must be the same for each router
that you connect back-to-back.
2-2
117377-A Rev. A
Implementation Notes
Packet-level Parameters: Max Window Size and
Max Packet Length
When you configure X.25 packet-level parameters, make certain to set the Max
Window Size and Max Packet Length parameters for peer routers to the same
value if you also enable flow control. If you do not, the routers cannot perform
network service-level negotiations.
For QLLC and IPEX, set Max Window Size and Max Packet Length parameters
according to the values in the attached X.25 devices.
For example, if you set the Max Window Size for Router A to 7, set the
Max Window Size for peer Router B to 7. Similarly, if you set the Max Packet
Length for Router A to 512, set the Max Packet Length for peer Router B to 512.
Window size and packet length can affect packet throughput across the X.25
network. Setting either the Max Window Size or Max Packet Length parameter
too low can cause the router to drop packets. You may want to configure these
parameters at higher values than the default settings. See Chapter 4 for
information about how to access these parameters.
Flow-Control Negotiation
The Bay Networks implementation of X.25 enables the router to negotiate flow
control, which regulates the rate of data transfer among elements of a network to
prevent congestion and overload. For flow-control negotiation to work properly,
you must set the parameters in Tables 2-1 and 2-2 as shown.
Table 2-1.
117377-A Rev. A
X.25 Packet-level Parameters
Parameter
Value
Flow Control Negotiation
On
Max Window Size
See the parameter descriptions for options
Max Packet Length
See the parameter descriptions for options
Acceptance Format
DEFEXT (specifies default Basic format)
Release Format
DEFEXT (specifies default Basic format)
2-3
Configuring X.25 Services
Table 2-2.
X.25 Service Record Parameters
Parameter
Value
Flow Facility
Negot (negotiate flow facility)
Window Size
See the parameter descriptions for options
Packet Size
See the parameter descriptions for options
Configuring LAPB for an AN or ASN
When you create a new X.25 line on a Bay Networks AN or ASN router, Site
Manager automatically uses default values to configure LAPB. If you want to edit
the LAPB parameters, you can access them through the Edit Line Parameters
window after you have created the new X.25 line. For further information, see
Configuring Line Services.
2-4
117377-A Rev. A
Implementation Notes
Configuring Synchronous Lines with X.25
Table 2-3 shows the default synchronous line configurations for an AN/ASN and a
BN/VME router.
Table 2-3.
Synchronous Line Parameter Defaults for X.25
Synchronous Line Parameter
AN/ASN X.25
BN/VME X.25
BOFL
Disable
Disable
512
1600
Service
Transparent
LAPB
Transmit Window Size
1
7
Min Frame Spacing a
1
1
Local Addr
7
1b
Promiscuous
Enable
Disable
Remote Addr
7
3b
WAN Protocol
LAPB
X.25
Enable
Disable
MTU
a
Sync Polling
b
a. Set this parameter to the same value on both sides of the X.25 connection. The default is calculated
to be 2 times the packet size times the window size. For nonsegmenting protocols (AppleTalk,
DECnet), you may need to increase the MTU to a larger value.
b. Set this parameter to Disable if the physical interface is not V.35.
If you want to edit the synchronous line parameters, you can access them through
the Edit Line Parameters window after you have created the new X.25 line. For
more information on these parameters, see Configuring Line Services.
DDN Default Service Record
When you configure the Service Type as DDN, you can automatically configure
service records that use default parameter values for every DDN SVC on your
network. This means that you do not have to individually configure DDN service
records. To use the default DDN service record feature, set the Use Default
Service Configuration packet-level parameter to ON.
You can also change the default values that apply when you set the Use Default
Service Configuration parameter to ON. See Chapter 4 for instructions.
117377-A Rev. A
2-5
Configuring X.25 Services
If you want to configure specific DDN SVCs with nondefault values, you can
configure them individually. If you set the Default DDN parameter to ON, the
default values apply to all SVCs, but if you then edit an individual SVC, values
that you assign to that SVC apply.
RFC 1356 Multiplexing
Bay Networks supports RFC 1356 multiplexing. RFC 1356 defines a standard for
multiprotocol encapsulation over X.25 networks. Bay Networks implements RFC
1356 for IP, OSI, IPX, DECnet, and XNS. This means you can use Bay Networks
routers at one end of a connection, and equipment from another vendor (that also
supports RFC 1356 for these protocols) at the other end of the connection.
Multiplexing enables you to send multiple protocols over a single virtual circuit.
Bay Networks advises multiplexing when you configure multiple routing
protocols on a PDN type of service.
You enable multiplexing by setting the Enable 1356 Multiplexing parameter. If
you set this parameter to Enable, the router can use RFC 1356 Null Encapsulation
to send multiple protocols over a single virtual circuit. If you set the value to
Disable, the router uses RFC 1356 Normal Encapsulation for IP and OSI, and
RFC 1356 SNAP Encapsulation for IPX DECnet and XNS, opening a separate
virtual circuit for each protocol. The default setting is Disable. See Figures 2-1
and 2-2 for illustrations of Null and Normal Encapsulation.
2-6
117377-A Rev. A
Implementation Notes
1010001
LAN
LCN 1:
IP, IPX, DECnet
1010002
LAN
X.25
Port: S21
WAN protocol: X25
Bi-directional VC:16
LCN start: 1
PDN service record 1:
Remote X.121: 1010002
Protocols: IP, IPX, DEC
Enable 1356 multiplexing: enable
X250015A
Figure 2-1.
RFC 1356 Null Encapsulation
1010001
LCN 1: IP
1010002
LCN 2: IPX
LAN
X.25
LAN
LCN 3: DEC
Port: S21
WAN Protocol: X25
Bi-directional VC:16
LCN start: 1
PDN service record 1:
Remote X.121: 1010002
Protocols: IP, IPX, DEC
Enable 1356 multiplexing: disable
X250016A
Figure 2-2.
117377-A Rev. A
RFC 1356 Normal Encapsulation
2-7
Configuring X.25 Services
PtoP Encapsulation
Bay Networks also has Point-to-Point (PtoP), a proprietary encapsulation method
for LAN protocols. PtoP requires a Bay Networks router at both ends of a
connection. You must use PtoP to encapsulate AppleTalk, Banyan VINES and
Bridge traffic.
X.25 over ISDN D Channel
X.25 over the ISDN D channel allows the router to transport X.25 packets without
incurring the expense of a leased line. You can use the ISDN line for normal
switched service applications as well as for X.25 traffic.
Bay Networks implementation of X.25 over the ISDN D channel is based on
ITU-T (formerly CCITT) recommendation X.31.
IPEX and X.25 over the ISDN D Channel
One method of using X.25 over the D channel is to configure PDN service. The
most common implementation of X.25 over the D Channel uses IP encapsulation
of X.25 (IPEX) single-node switching. For further information on single-node
switching, see Chapter 6, “Editing IPEX Parameters.”
Requirements and Limitations
Be aware of the following X.25 requirements and limitations.
2-8
•
X.25 over the ISDN D channel works with AN, ASN, and ARN routers, and
with single or quad ISDN/BRI modules only.
•
A slot configured with X.25 over ISDN D channel must have both X.25 PLP
and ISDN subsystems loaded.
•
The maximum number of logical channels per slot is 64.
•
Maximum packet size is 256 octets (result of the I-field length limitation of
the LAPD information frame.)
•
Throughput maximum is 9600 b/s.
•
This feature does not support ISDN leased lines where the D channel does not
exist.
117377-A Rev. A
Implementation Notes
•
The router does not prioritize ISDN signaling traffic and the X.25 traffic on
the D channel.
•
Bay Networks implementation of X.25 over the ISDN D channel complies
with standards in effect in France, Spain, and Germany.
Using Regular ISDN and X.25 over the ISDN D Channel
Any slot on the router that you configure with X.25 over ISDN using the
D channel can also use regular ISDN. However, dynamically enabling or
disabling X.25 over ISDN using D channel affects the active calls of the normal
ISDN. Similarly, dynamically changing the ISDN switch-related MIBs (global
rate adaption or incoming call filter attributes) affects X.25 over ISDN using D
channel.
Further Information
See Configuring Dial Services for further information and instructions on
configuring X.25 over the D channel.
IPEX Local Switching and X.25 over the D Channel
The most common implementation of X.25 over the D channel uses IP
encapsulation of X.25 (IPEX) single-node switching. You configure IPEX on the
backplane of a single router. A normal IPEX configuration performs local X.25
switching, and a circuitless IP network simulates an IP cloud. See Appendix A,
“Sample IPEX Configurations,” for instructions on configuring IPEX single-node
switching.
117377-A Rev. A
2-9
Chapter 3
Enabling X.25 Service
This chapter describes how to enable X.25 service. It assumes you have read
Configuring and Managing Routers with Site Manager and
1.
Opened a configuration file
2.
Specified router hardware if this is a local mode configuration file
When you enable X.25 service, you must configure a subset of X.25 parameters.
The Configuration Manager supplies default values for the remaining parameters.
If you want to edit these default values, see Chapter 4, “Editing X.25 Parameters.”
Enabling X.25 on an Interface
To enable X.25 service:
1.
Select the link or net module connector on which you are enabling X.25.
2.
Select the X.25 Protocol.
3.
Configure packet-level parameters.
4.
Add X.25 service records.
The following sections describe how to perform each of these steps.
117377-A Rev. A
3-1
Configuring X.25 Services
Selecting a Connector
1.
In the main Configuration Manager window, click on the circuit
(connector) you want to configure:
For example, if you selected the module 5300 Quad Sync, click on the
connector COM1 to configure the first synchronous circuit. The Configuration
Manager displays the Add Circuit window (Figure 3-1) with the selected
circuit highlighted.
Figure 3-1.
Add Circuit Window
2.
Click on OK to accept the values shown.
The WAN Protocols window appears (Figure 3-2).
3-2
117377-A Rev. A
Enabling X.25 Service
COM Circuits
Figure 3-2.
3.
117377-A Rev. A
WAN Protocols Menu
Select X.25 from the WAN Protocols menu to display the X.25 Packet
Config window (Figure 3-3).
3-3
Configuring X.25 Services
Figure 3-3.
X.25 Packet Config Window
Configuring X.25 Packet-level Parameters
3-4
1.
Configure the packet-level parameters using the descriptions that follow
as a guide.
2.
When you are done, click on OK to display the X.25 Service
Configuration window (Figure 3-4).
117377-A Rev. A
Enabling X.25 Service
You add X.25 service records from this window. See “Adding X.25 Network
Service Records,” later in this chapter, for instructions.
Note: After you enable X.25 service on the router, you can edit the default
settings for the rest of the X.25 parameters. See Chapter 4 for instructions.
X.25 Packet-level Parameter Descriptions
Use the following descriptions as guidelines when you set parameters in the X.25
Packet Config window.
At any time, you can get help or obtain a list of acceptable values for a parameter
by clicking on the appropriate button on the upper right side of each window. To
enter a value, you can either
•
Type directly into the parameter field.
•
Click on Values and then select a value from the list displayed (the default
selection is highlighted).
Parameter:
Link Address Type
Default:
DCE
Options:
DCE | DTE
Function:
Instructions:
117377-A Rev. A
Specifies whether this interface provides logical DCE or DTE services.
Specify the service type as DCE or DTE. You must set one end of the link
as a DCE and the other end as a DTE.
3-5
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Network Address Type
Default:
PDN_Network
Options:
PDN_Network | DDN_Network | BFE_Network
Function:
Specifies the type of X.25 network to which the interface connects. The
value of this parameter determines the format of the local X.121 address.
Instructions:
Specify PDN_Network for a Public Data Network or a Point-to-Point
connection. Specify DDN_Network for a Defense Data Network. Specify
BFE_Network for a DDN that uses BFE encryption.
If you specify PDN_Network you must enter the local address in X.121
address format: that is, you must specify a value for the PDN X.121
Address parameter.
If you specify DDN_Network or BFE_Network, you must enter the local
address in IP address format: that is, you must specify a value for the
DDN IP Address parameter. The router will translate the address into
X.121 format.
MIB Object ID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.50
Parameter:
PDN X.121/E.164 Address
Default:
None
Options:
Any valid X.121 or E.164 address
Function:
Specifies the X.121 or E.164 address assigned to this interface. The X.25
network service provider supplies the X.121 or E.164 address.
Set this parameter only if you set the Network Address Type parameter to
PDN_Network.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
3-6
Enter the appropriate X.121 or E.164 address (up to 15 decimal digits).
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.52
117377-A Rev. A
Enabling X.25 Service
Parameter:
DDN IP Address
Default:
None
Options:
Any valid IP address
Function:
Specifies the IP address assigned to this interface. The router translates
the address into X.121 format and uses it as the local address.
Set this parameter only if you set the Network Address Type parameter to
DDN_Network or BFE_Network.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Enter the appropriate IP address.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.51
Note: The following parameters require you to specify logical channel
number (LCN) value ranges for VCs. Use the following guidelines:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Each VC channel you configure on the router must have a unique LCN.
There is one type of PVC.
There are three types of SVC channels: incoming, bidirectional, and outgoing.
You must configure at least one VC channel for X.25 to establish calls.
Configure PVCs before you configure SVCs.
The total number of channels you configure cannot exceed 512.
Parameter:
Number of PVC Channels
Default:
None
Options:
0 to 512
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Specifies the number of permanent logical channels for this interface.
Enter the number of permanent logical channels that you assign to this
interface. Configure PVC channels before you configure SVC channels.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.55
3-7
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Default:
None
Options:
0 to 4095
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the lowest logical channel number for the PVCs on this
interface.
Enter a number in the range allowed. Remember that PVC and SVC
channel numbers cannot overlap. Choose a small enough value for this
parameter so that the last channel number will be less than 4095.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.56
Number of Incoming SVC Channels
Default:
0
Options:
0 to 512
Function:
Specifies the number of switched logical channels that accept incoming
calls only.
Instructions:
Enter the number of channels that you assign to incoming calls only on
this interface.
MIB Object ID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.36
Parameter:
Incoming SVC LCN Start
Default:
0
Options:
0 to 4095
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
3-8
PVC LCN Start
Specifies the lowest logical channel number that the router can assign to
logical channels that accept incoming call requests only.
Enter a number greater than the highest number reserved for PVC
channels, but small enough that the last SVC channel number will be less
than 4095.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.37
117377-A Rev. A
Enabling X.25 Service
Parameter:
Number of Bidirectional SVC Channels
Default:
0
Options:
0 to 512
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the number of switched logical channels that both accept
incoming calls and transmit outgoing calls.
Enter the number of logical channels that you assign to both accept and
transmit calls on this interface.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.38
Bidirectional SVC LCN Start
Default:
0
Options:
0 to 4095
Function:
Specifies the lowest logical channel number that the router can assign to
bidirectional logical channels.
Instructions:
Enter a number greater than the highest number reserved for incoming
SVC channels, but small enough that the last SVC channel number will
be less than 4095.
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.39
Number of Outgoing SVC Channels
Default:
0
Options:
0 to 512
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Specifies the number of switched logical channels that transmit outgoing
calls only.
Enter the number of channels that you assign to outgoing calls only.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.40
3-9
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Default:
0
Options:
0 to 4095
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the lowest logical channel number that the router can assign to
logical channels that transmit outgoing call requests only.
Enter a number greater than the highest number reserved for bidirectional
SVC channels, but small enough that the last SVC channel number will
be less than 4095.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.41
Use Default Service Configuration
Default:
OFF
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
3-10
Outgoing SVC LCN Start
Creates default DDN service records for every DDN SVC on your
network.
Select ON if you want to use default values for your DDN SVCs. See
configuration instructions in Chapter 4 if you want to set this parameter to
ON and still individually configure some of your DDN SVCs.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.54
117377-A Rev. A
Enabling X.25 Service
Adding X.25 Network Service Records
After you click on OK in the X.25 Packet Config window, the X.25 Service
Configuration window appears (Figure 3-4). Complete the following steps to add
X.25 network service records:
Figure 3-4.
1.
117377-A Rev. A
X.25 Service Configuration Window for a PDN Network
Click on Add to display the X.25 Service window (Figure 3-5).
3-11
Configuring X.25 Services
Figure 3-5.
X.25 Service Window
2.
Configure the X.25 network service parameters using the descriptions
that follow as a guide.
3.
When you are done, click on OK.
The X.25 Service Configuration window appears. It now displays the record
you just added. At this point you can
•
Add another network service record by repeating steps 1 through 3.
•
Enable bridging and routing services on the X.25 circuit. You must choose
SVC as your Service VC Type to enable bridging.
For further information about bridging and routing services, see
Configuring Bridging Services or Configuring and Managing Routers
with Site Manager.
3-12
117377-A Rev. A
Enabling X.25 Service
•
Edit the remaining X.25 network service parameters, for which the
default values are currently in effect (see Chapter 4).
Note: If you selected IPEX in the Type parameter, the IPEX Mapping Table
Configuration window appears when you click on OK in step 3. See Chapter 6
for instructions on configuring IPEX mapping parameters. If you selected
QLLC, the QLLC Mapping Table Configuration window appears. See
Chapter 7 for instructions on configuring QLLC mapping parameters.
X.25 Network Service Record Parameter Descriptions
Use the following descriptions as guidelines when you configure the parameters in
the X.25 Service window.
Parameter:
Type
Default:
None
Options:
PDN | DDN | PtoP | IPEX | QLLC
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Specifies the type of X.25 service that this interface supplies.
•
PDN for Public Data Network service
•
DDN for Defense Data Network service
•
PtoP for Point-to-Point network service
•
IPEX for TCP/IP Tunneling over X.25
•
QLLC for Qualified Logical Link Control service
Choose one of these network service types. If you specify IPEX or QLLC
you must configure several IPEX or QLLC specific parameters (see
Chapter 6 for IPEX and Chapter 7 for QLLC).
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.9
3-13
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Remote IP Address
Default:
0.0.0.0
Options:
Any valid IP address
Function:
Specifies a destination IP address that is reachable over this X.25
interface. This parameter is not used with Point-to-Point service.
You must specify a remote IP address if you plan to enable IP on this
interface. For DDN services, the router translates the remote IP address
you specify into an X.121 address so that it can route IP traffic over the
network. For PDN services, the router uses the remote IP address you
specify to define an adjacent host for the IP interface.
Instructions:
Enter a 32-bit destination IP address in dotted-decimal notation.
If you run OSI over DDN, you must also enter this IP address in the
subnetwork point of attachment (SNPA) field of the OSI External Address
Adjacency Configuration window. To enter this value in the SNPA field,
you must convert the IP address into X.121 format. See Configuring OSI
Services for more information.
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Remote X.121/E.164 Address
Default:
None
Options:
Any valid X.121 or E.164 address
Function:
Specifies a destination X.121 or E.164 address. You must specify a
destination X.121 or E.164 address if you are configuring PDN, QLLC, or
Point-to-Point services. If you are configuring DDN services, the router
derives this address from the remote IP address.
Instructions:
Enter a destination X.121or E.164 address (up to 15 decimal digits) that is
reachable over this X.25 interface.
MIB Object ID:
3-14
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.13
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.12
117377-A Rev. A
Enabling X.25 Service
Parameter:
Connection ID
Default:
1
Options:
1 to 255
Function:
Instructions:
Identifies each circuit to its remote destination. You can have multiple
Point-to-Point circuits configured to the same X.121 destination. Each of
them requires a unique connection ID. Assign the same connection ID to
both the local and remote configurations for each circuit. You use the
Connection ID parameter with PtoP service only.
Assign a unique connection ID for each X.121 connection.
MIB Object ID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.11
Parameter:
Enable 1356 Multiplexing
Default:
Disable
Options:
Enable | Disable
Function:
If you set this parameter to Enable, the router can use RFC 1356 Null
Encapsulation to send multiple protocols over a single virtual circuit. If
you set the value to Disable, the router uses RFC 1356 Normal
Encapsulation for IP and OSI, and RFC 1356 SNAP Encapsulation for
any of the other protocols, opening a separate virtual circuit for each
protocol.
Bay Networks advises multiplexing only when you configure multiple
routing protocols on a PDN type of service.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Select Enable if you want to multiplex traffic over a single virtual circuit.
Otherwise, select Disable.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.34
3-15
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Service VC Type
Default:
SVC
Options:
SVC | PVC
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Specifies whether this service record applies to an SVC or a PVC.
Select the VC type that describes this circuit.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.36
Note: You can enable bridging only with SVC Service VC Type. Bridging
does not work with PVCs.
Parameter:
Default:
1
Options:
0 to 4095
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Identifies the lowest PVC logical channel number for the interface. Note
that each PVC requires its own service record.
Enter the lowest PVC logical channel number.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.37
Number of PVC LCN
Default:
1
Options:
1 to 512
Function:
Instructions:
3-16
First PVC LCN
Specifies the total number of PVC logical channel numbers for the
interface. You must enter a value in this parameter if you want to use the
Copy function to replicate your X.25 Gateway configurations (see
Configuring X.25 Gateway Services).
Enter the number of PVC LCNs on this interface.
117377-A Rev. A
Enabling X.25 Service
Parameter:
Window Size
Default:
2
Options:
1 through 7 (for MOD8) or 1 through 127 (for MOD128)
Function:
Specifies the window size that appears in the facilities field of outgoing
call request packets to the X.121 or E.164 address in this service record.
Instructions:
Accept the default, 2, or enter a window size within the specified range.
MIB Object ID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.20
Note: Window size and packet size can affect packet throughput across the
X.25 network. Setting the Window Size or Packet Size parameter too low
could cause the router to drop packets.
Parameter:
Packet Size
Default:
128
Options:
16 | 32 | 64 | 128 | 256 | 512 | 1024 | 2048 | 4096
Function:
Specifies the packet size that appears in the facilities field of outgoing call
request packets to the remote X.121 or E.164 address in this service
record.
Instructions:
Accept the default, 128, or enter a packet size within the specified range.
MIB Object ID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.21
Note: Do not set this parameter to a value greater than you specify for the
packet-level parameter Max Packet Length.
117377-A Rev. A
3-17
Configuring X.25 Services
Adding X.25 Network Service Records to a
Previously Configured Interface
To add a new network service record to an existing X.25 interface, begin at the
Configuration Manager window:
1.
Select Circuits > Edit Circuits to display the Circuit List window.
2.
Select the X.25 interface to which you want to add network service
records.
3.
Click on Edit to display the Circuit Definition window.
4.
Select X25 Protocol > Service.
The X.25 Service Configuration window appears (refer to Figure 3-4). It lists
all network service records currently defined for the interface. Follow the
instructions in the section, “Adding X.25 Network Service Records.”
3-18
117377-A Rev. A
Chapter 4
Editing X.25 Parameters
After you enable X.25, you can edit all X.25 parameters from the Configuration
Manager window (Figure 4-1). Refer to Configuring and Managing Routers with
Site Manager for instructions on using Site Manager to access this window.
For each X.25 parameter, this chapter gives the default setting, valid parameter
options, the parameter function, instructions for setting the parameter, and the
MIB object ID.
The Technician Interface allows you to modify parameters by executing set and
commit commands with the MIB object ID. This process is equivalent to
modifying parameters using Site Manager. For more information about using the
Technician Interface to access the MIB, refer to Using Technician Interface
Software.
Caution: The Technician Interface does not verify the validity of the value
you enter for a parameter. Entering an invalid value can corrupt your
configuration.
117377-A Rev. A
4-1
Configuring X.25 Services
Figure 4-1.
Configuration Manager Window
Editing the X.25 Global Parameter
The X.25 global parameter enables X.25 services for the entire router. To edit the
X.25 global parameter, begin at the Configuration Manager window:
1.
Select Protocols > X25 > Global.
The Edit X.25 Global Parameters window appears (Figure 4-2).
4-2
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Figure 4-2.
Edit X.25 Global Parameters Window
2.
Enable or disable X.25 services, using the Enable parameter as described
in the following parameter description.
3.
Click on OK to save your changes.
X.25 Global Parameter Description
Use the following parameter description to edit the X.25 global parameter.
Parameter:
Enable
Default:
Enable
Options:
Enable | Disable
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Globally enables or disables X.25 services.
Set to Disable if you want to disable X.25 services.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.1.2
4-3
Configuring X.25 Services
Editing X.25 Packet-level Parameters
The X.25 packet-level parameters are specific to individual X.25 interfaces. To
edit packet-level parameters for an existing interface, begin at the Configuration
Manager window (Figure 4-1):
1.
Select Circuits > Edit Circuits to display the Circuit List window.
2.
Select the X.25 interface that you want to edit; then click on Edit.
The Circuit Definition window appears.
3.
Select X25 Protocol > Packet.
The X.25 Packet Level Edit window appears (Figure 4-3).
4.
Edit the packet-level parameters that you want to change, using the
parameter descriptions that follow as a guide.
5.
Click on OK to exit the window.
Note: When you reconfigure an interface in dynamic configuration mode,
X.25 packet-level and LAPB service restart on that interface.
4-4
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Figure 4-3.
X.25 Packet Level Edit Window
X.25 Packet-level Parameter Descriptions
Use the following descriptions as guidelines when you edit the parameters in the
X.25 Packet Level Edit window (Figure 4-3). Because you may want to edit the
parameters you set previously to enable X.25 services, this chapter repeats
descriptions for those parameters and adds descriptions for the parameters for
which the Configuration Manager supplies default values.
117377-A Rev. A
4-5
Configuring X.25 Services
Caution: Line speed, packet size, and window size all affect packet
throughput across the X.25 network. Setting any of these variables too low can
cause the router to drop packets. Therefore, use caution when changing the
default settings for the following X.25 parameters:
•
Max Window Size
•
Max Packet Length
•
Window Size
•
Packet Size
Parameter:
Enable
Default:
Enable
Options:
Enable | Disable
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
4-6
Enables or disables packet-level services for the interface.
Set to Disable to disable packet-level services.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.2
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Parameter:
Network Address Type
Default:
PDN_Network
Options:
PDN_Network | DDN_Network | BFE_Network
Function:
Instructions:
Specifies the type of X.25 network to which the interface connects. The
value of this parameter determines the format of the local X.121 address.
Do not set this parameter if you have a Point-to-Point connection.
Specify PDN_Network for a Public Data Network. Specify
DDN_Network for a Defense Data Network. Specify BFE_Network for a
DDN network that uses BFE encryption.
If you specify PDN_Network, you must enter the local address in X.121
address format, that is, you must specify a value for the PDN X.121
Address parameter.
If you specify DDN_Network or BFE_Network, you must enter the local
address in IP address format, that is, you must specify a value for the
DDN IP Address parameter. The router translates the address into X.121
format.
MIB Object ID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.50
Parameter:
PDN X.121/E.164 Address
Default:
None
Options:
Any valid X.121 or E.164 address
Function:
Specifies the X.121 or E.164 address assigned to this interface. The X.25
network service provider supplies the X.121 or E.164 address.
Set this parameter only if you set the Network Address Type parameter to
PDN_Network.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Enter the appropriate X.121 or E.164 address (up to 15 decimal digits).
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.52
4-7
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
DDN IP Address
Default:
None
Options:
Any valid IP address
Function:
Specifies the IP address assigned to this interface. The router translates
the address into X.121 format and uses it as the local address.
Set this parameter only if you set the Network Address Type parameter to
DDN_Network or BFE_Network.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.51
Sequence Size
Default:
MOD8
Options:
MOD8 | MOD128
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the modulo of sequence numbering.
Set to the appropriate sequence size.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.10
Restart Procedure Type
Default:
DTE_Restart (for DTE) or DCE_Restart (for DCE)
Options:
DTE_Restart | DTE_Norestart | DTE_DXE | DCE_Restart
Function:
For each X.25 interface, this parameter specifies the device type (DTE or
DCE) at the X.25 packet level. It also enables you to turn on restart
procedures, which clear all virtual circuits and let you initialize a link.
You can also use the restart procedures to recover from a network failure.
Instructions:
Select the value that matches your device type and determine whether you
want to enable restart procedures. Select DTE_Restart if your interface is
a DTE. Select DCE_Restart if your interface is a DCE. Select
DTE_Norestart if you have a DTE interface but do not want to enable
restart procedures. DTE_DXE is for a DTE/DTE environment, and it
leaves the DTE unassigned, while still providing restart procedures.
MIB Object ID:
4-8
Enter the appropriate IP address.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.45
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Parameter:
Default Tx/Rx Window Size
Default:
2
Options:
1 to 7 (for MOD8) or 1 to 127 (for MOD128)
Function:
Specifies a default window size for this packet layer.
The value in this parameter applies only if the Flow Control Negotiation
parameter is set to OFF in both the packet level and service record
parameters.
Instructions:
To specify a window size other than 2, enter a value within the specified
range.
MIB Object ID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.42
Parameter:
Default Tx/Rx Pkt Length
Default:
128
Options:
16 | 32 | 64 | 128 | 256 | 512 | 1024 | 2048 | 4096
Function:
Specifies a default packet size for this packet layer.
The value in this parameter applies only if the Flow Control Negotiation
parameter is set to OFF.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
To specify a nonstandard default packet size, set to one of the available
options.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.43
Note: The following parameters require you to specify logical channel
number (LCN) value ranges for SVCs. Each SVC channel you configure on
the router must have a unique LCN. There are three types of SVC channels:
incoming, bidirectional, and outgoing. You must configure at least one SVC
channel for X.25 to establish calls. The total number of channels you configure
cannot exceed 512.
117377-A Rev. A
4-9
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Default:
None
Options:
0 to 512
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the number of permanent logical channels for this interface.
Enter the number of permanent logical channels that you assign to this
interface. Configure PVC channels before you configure SVC channels.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.55
PVC LCN Start
Default:
None
Options:
0 to 4095
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the lowest logical channel number for the PVCs on this
interface.
Enter a number in the range allowed. Remember that PVC and SVC
channel numbers cannot overlap. If you are also configuring SVCs on this
interface, choose a small enough value for this parameter so that the last
SVC channel number will be less than 4095.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.56
Number of Incoming SVC Channels
Default:
0
Options:
0 to 512
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
4-10
Number of PVC Channels
Specifies the number of switched logical channels that accept incoming
calls only.
Enter the number of switched channels that you assign to incoming calls
only on this interface.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.36
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Parameter:
Incoming SVC LCN Start
Default:
0
Options:
1 to 4095
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the lowest logical channel number that the router can assign to
switched logical channels that accept incoming call requests only.
Enter a number greater than the highest number reserved for PVC
channels, but small enough that the last SVC channel number will be less
than 4095.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.37
Number of Bidirectional SVC Channels
Default:
0
Options:
0 to 512
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the number of switched logical channels that both accept
incoming calls and transmit outgoing calls.
Enter the number of switched logical channels that you assign to both
accept and transmit calls on this interface.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.38
Bidirectional SVC LCN Start
Default:
0
Options:
1 to 4095
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Specifies the lowest logical channel number that the router can assign to
bidirectional switched logical channels.
Enter a number greater than the highest number reserved for Incoming
SVC channels, but small enough that the last SVC will be less than 4095.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.39
4-11
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Number of Outgoing SVC Channels
Default:
0
Options:
0 to 512
Function:
Instructions:
Specifies the number of switched logical channels that transmit outgoing
calls only.
Enter the number of channels that you assign to outgoing calls only.
MIB Object ID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.40
Parameter:
Outgoing SVC LCN Start
Default:
0
Options:
1 to 4095
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Enter a number greater than the highest number reserved for bidirectional
SVC channels, but small enough that the last SVC channel number will
be less than 4095.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.41
Use Default Service Configuration
Default:
OFF
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
4-12
Specifies the lowest logical channel number that the router can assign to
switched logical channels that transmit outgoing call requests only.
Creates default DDN service records for every DDN SVC on your
network.
Select ON if you want to use default values for your DDN SVCs. Refer to
configuration instructions in Chapter 4 if you want to set this parameter to
ON and still individually configure some of your DDN SVCs.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.54
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Parameter:
T1 Timer
Default:
60
Options:
1 to 999 seconds
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Specifies how long the router waits to receive an acknowledgment of a
transmitted command frame. Specifically, the T1 timer sets, in seconds,
the timeout values for Restart, Reset, and Clear commands. The router
uses this timer to set up data links.
We recommend that you accept the default value, 60.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.32
Caution: We recommend that you accept the default T1 Timer, T2 Timer,
T3 Timer, and T4 Timer values. Reset these parameters with caution.
Parameter:
T2 Timer
Default:
180
Options:
1 to 999 seconds
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the call-confirmation timeout value in seconds. The value for
this timer is the amount of time the router has to respond to a
call-confirmation condition. This timer represents the ITU-T (formerly
CCITT) T11 timer for the DCE and the T21 timer for the DTE.
We recommend that you accept the default value, 180.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.33
T3 Timer
Default:
200
Options:
200 to 2000 milliseconds
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Specifies the congestion or busy condition watchdog timeout value in
milliseconds. The value for this timer is the length of time the router has
to respond to a congestion or busy condition.
We recommend that you accept the default value, 200.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.34
4-13
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
T4 Timer
Default:
200
Options:
200 to 2000 milliseconds
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the data packet transmission watchdog timeout value in
milliseconds. The value for this timer is the length of time that the router
has to respond to an acknowledgment frame. This is a Bay Networks
proprietary internal timer.
We recommend that you accept the default value, 200.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.35
Flow Control Negotiation
Default:
OFF
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Enables the flow-control negotiation facility on this interface.
When you enable flow-control negotiation, the router can negotiate the
maximum window size and packet length for virtual circuits on this
interface on a per-call basis. It uses the Max Window Size and Max
Packet Length parameter settings as a boundary check during
negotiations. The receiving DTE may accept these values or reply with a
counterproposal.
When you disable flow-control negotiation, the router uses the values
specified by these parameters:
–
Default Tx/Rx Window Size
–
Default Tx/Rx Pkt Length
Configure the remote peer router to match these default values.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
4-14
To enable flow-control negotiation, set this parameter to ON. Then be sure
to set the following parameters as shown in Table 4-1, or flow-control
negotiation will not work.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.14
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Table 4-1.
Parameter Settings for Flow-Control Negotiation
Parameter
Value
X. 25 Packet-Level parameters
Max Window Size/Max Packet Length
See parameter descriptions
Acceptance Format
DEFEXT
Release Format
DEFEXT
X. 25 Service Record parameters
Flow Facility
Negot
Window Size/Packet Size
See parameter descriptions
Parameter:
Max Window Size
Default:
2
Options:
1 to 7 (for MOD8) or 1 to 127 (for MOD128)
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the maximum window size allowed in the facilities field of
outgoing and incoming call request packets generated by the router and
transmitted on this interface.
If you set the Sequence Size parameter to MOD8, accept the default, 2, or
enter a value between 1 and 7. If you set the Sequence Size parameter to
MOD128, enter a value between 1 and 127.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.11
Max Packet Length
Default:
128
Options:
16 | 32 | 64 | 128 | 256 | 512 | 1024 | 2048 | 4096
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Specifies the maximum length, in bytes, of the information field of
outgoing X.25 packets generated by the router and transmitted on this
interface.
Accept the default, 128, or set to one of the available options.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.12
4-15
Configuring X.25 Services
Caution: Window size and packet length can affect packet throughput across
the X.25 network. Setting either the Max Window Size or Max Packet Length
parameter too low can cause the router to drop packets.
Also note that on peer routers, the values of the Max Window Size and Max
Packet Length parameters must be the same. For example, if you set the Max
Window Size for Router A to 7, then set the Max Window Size for peer
Router B to 7.
Parameter:
Tx/Rx Throughput Class
Default:
THRCLASS19200
Options:
THRCLASS75 | 150 | 300 | 600 | 1200 | 2400 | 4800 |
9600 | 19200 | 48000
Function:
Specifies the default data throughput rate (amount of data in bits per
second) for packets transmitted and received on this X.25 interface. This
is the throughput value that the router first uses when bringing up the line.
If the router receives an incoming call requesting to negotiate a
throughput rate different from this value, the router checks the Max
Throughput Class parameter value to determine whether it can support the
requested rate.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
4-16
To specify a nonstandard default data throughput rate, select one of the
available options.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.44
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Parameter:
Throughput Class Negotiation
Default:
OFF
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Permits the negotiation of throughput classes, allowing you to determine
the amount of throughput you want to go through the switch.
When you enable this parameter, the router can negotiate the throughput
rate for virtual circuits on this interface on a per-call basis. The receiving
DTE may accept the proposed rate or reply with a counterproposal.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
If you want the router to accept calls with throughput negotiation, set this
parameter to ON.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.15
Max Throughput Class
Default:
19200
Options:
75 | 150 | 300 | 600 | 1200 | 2400 | 4800 | 9600 | 19200 | 48 K | 64 K
Function:
Specifies the maximum throughput rate (amount of data in bits per
second) that this VC can send across the X.25 network.
If the Throughput Class Negotiation parameter is set to ON, the default
value (19200) is the maximum value allowed by this parameter.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Accept the default, 19200, or select one of the available options.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.13
Network User Identification
Default:
OFF
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Specifies whether this interface supports the Network User Identification
(NUI) service facility.
When you enable this parameter, the router can provide administrative
and management information to the DCE on a per-call basis.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
To enable NUI support, set this parameter to ON.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.16
4-17
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Incoming Calls Accept
Default:
ON
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Specifies whether this interface accepts incoming calls.
When you enable this parameter, the router can accept incoming call
requests on this interface.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
To disable incoming calls, set this parameter to OFF.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.17
Outgoing Calls Accept
Default:
ON
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Specifies whether this interface generates outgoing call requests.
When you enable this parameter, the router can initiate outgoing call
requests on this interface.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
To disable outgoing calls, set this parameter to OFF.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.18
Fast Select Accept
Default:
OFF
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Enables the fast select accept facility on this interface.
When you enable this parameter, the router can accept incoming call
requests with fast select facility on this interface.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
4-18
To enable the fast select accept facility, set this parameter to ON.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.19
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Parameter:
Reverse Charge Accept
Default:
OFF
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Enables or disables the reverse charge accept facility on this interface.
When you enable this parameter, the router can accept calls with the
reverse charge facility.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
To enable the reverse charge accept facility, set this parameter to ON.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.20
Note: When this parameter is set to ON, the router accepts calls with the
reverse charge facility, but it does not maintain a record of the charges.
Parameter:
Fast Select
Default:
OFF
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Enables the fast select request facility on this interface.
When you enable this parameter, call request packets the router generates
and transmits on this interface can contain up to 128 bytes of user data.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
To enable the fast select request facility, set this parameter to ON.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.21
Reverse Charging
Default:
OFF
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Enables or disables the reverse charge request facility on this interface.
Packet network charges accrue whenever the router generates an outgoing
call request packet. When you enable this parameter, these packet
network charges are charged to the receiving DTE.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
To enable the reverse charge request facility, set this parameter to ON.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.22
4-19
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Default:
Null
Options:
Null | Basic (16) | Extended (32)
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the type of closed user group (CUG) facility that the interface
supports.
If you accept the default value, Null, no closed user groups are supported;
if you set this parameter to Basic, the Basic facility is supported; if you set
this parameter to Extended, the Extended facility is supported. Ensure that
the value of this parameter matches the value of the network service
record parameter CUG Facility Format.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.23
CUG Outgoing Access
Default:
Null
Options:
Null | CUGOA
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
4-20
CUG Selection
Specifies whether or not this interface supports a closed user group
(CUG) with outgoing access.
To enable CUG with outgoing access, set this parameter to CUGOA. If
you enable this option, set the CUG Selection parameter to Extended. In
addition, set the network service record parameter CUG Facility Type to
OA.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.24
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Parameter:
CUG Bilateral Selection
Default:
Null
Options:
Null | Bilateral
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies whether or not this interface supports a bilateral closed user
group (CUG).
To enable CUG with bilateral facility support, set this parameter to
Bilateral. If you enable this option, set the CUG Selection parameter to
Extended. In addition, set the network service record parameter CUG
Facility Type to Bilateral.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.25
RPOA Selection
Default:
OFF
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Enables the recognized private operating agencies (RPOA) selection
facility on this interface. When you enable this parameter, the router can
accept incoming calls with this facility; the router accepts both RPOA
Basic format and Extended format.
To enable the RPOA facility, set this parameter to ON.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.26
Note: When this parameter is set to ON, the router accepts calls with the
RPOA facility, but it does not validate them.
117377-A Rev. A
4-21
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Default:
OFF
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies whether this packet layer accepts incoming calls with charging
information; however, the packet layer does not collect any charging
information.
To enable the charging information facility, set this parameter to ON.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.27
Transit Delay
Default:
OFF
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies whether this packet layer accepts incoming calls with transit
delay. Note that the router does not send outgoing calls with transit delay.
To enable transit delay, set this parameter to ON.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.28
Full Addressing
Default:
ON
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
4-22
Charging Information
Specifies whether the router includes a full local DTE address in all
outgoing call requests transmitted on this interface.
To enable full addressing, set this parameter to ON.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.29
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Parameter:
Acceptance Format
Default:
Basic (2)
Options:
Basic (2) | Allext (255) | Defext (128)
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the call accept packet format as follows:
–
Basic is Basic call accept packet format.
–
ALLEXT is Extended call accept packet format.
–
DEFEXT specifies that when an incoming call does not include
facilities, a default Basic call accept packet format is used.
Select the appropriate call accept packet format.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.30
Release Format
Default:
Basic (2)
Options:
Basic (2) | Allext (255) | Defext (128)
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Specifies the format of the call clear packet as follows:
–
Basic is Basic call clear packet format.
–
ALLEXT is Extended call clear packet format.
–
DEFEXT specifies that when an incoming call does not include
facilities, a default Basic call clear packet format is used.
Select the appropriate call clear packet format.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.31
4-23
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Default:
DXE1988
Options:
DXE1980 | DXE1984 | DXE1988 | FDSEL1980 | FDSEL1984 |
FDSEL1988
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the CCITT (now ITU-T) specification to which the router’s
operation conforms.
Select a CCITT conformance year that matches your network
requirements. For example, if you are connecting to a
DXE1980-compliant network, select DXE1980.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.46
Network Standard
Default:
None
Options:
None | ISO | DOD
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
4-24
CCITT Conformance
Specifies the network standard with which your router complies. The
value of this parameter is in addition to the ITU-T (formerly CCITT)
specification with which your network conforms.
Select the appropriate network standard. Choose None if you want to use
only the CCITT Conformance value. Select ISO if you are connecting to a
network that complies with the International Organization for
Standardization. Select DOD if you are connecting to a network that
complies with Department of Defense specifications (DDN networks).
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.47
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Parameter:
Statistics Computation
Default:
Disable
Options:
Enable | Disable
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies whether the router computes statistics and X.25 debug logging
for the packet level and all the virtual circuits associated with this line
instance. If you set this parameter to Disable, the router computes no
statistics, which maximizes data throughput. If you set this parameter to
Enable, the router computes statistics.
Set this parameter to Enable or Disable.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.49
Client Response Timer
Default:
120
Options:
1 to 999 seconds
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Specifies the client application response timeout period in seconds to
allow for extended delays that can occur negotiating with remote clients.
This timer must have a value greater than that for the T3 Timer parameter,
and less than the value for the T2 Timer parameter.
We recommend that you accept the default value.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.5.1.57
Editing X.25 Network Service Records
To edit the parameters for an existing X.25 network service record, begin at the
Configuration Manager window (Figure 4-1):
1.
Select Circuits > Edit Circuits.
The Circuit List window appears.
2.
Select an X.25 interface; then click on Edit.
The Circuit Definition window appears.
3.
Select X25 Protocol > Service.
The X.25 Service Configuration window appears (Figure 4-4). It lists all
currently defined network service records.
117377-A Rev. A
4-25
Configuring X.25 Services
Figure 4-4.
4-26
X.25 Service Configuration Window for a DDN Network
4.
Select the network service record you want to edit.
5.
Edit the network service parameters that you want to change, using the
parameter descriptions that follow as guidelines.
6.
If you are configuring DDN Service Records and you want to change the
default values for service record parameters, click on Default DDN, and
edit service record parameters in the Default DDN Service window
(Figure 4-5).
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Figure 4-5.
7.
Default DDN Service Window
Click on Apply to implement your changes.
The values that you have selected are the new default DDN service record
parameter values. They apply to all DDN circuits, except those that you
configure individually, following steps 1 through 5 of this procedure.
8.
117377-A Rev. A
Click on Done.
4-27
Configuring X.25 Services
X.25 Network Service Record Parameter Descriptions
This section provides information on how to set all network service record
parameters in the X.25 Service Configuration window (Figure 4-4).
Parameter:
Enable
Default:
Enable
Options:
Enable | Disable
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Set this parameter to Disable only if you want to disable this service
record.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.2
Parameter:
Type
Default:
None
Options:
PDN | DDN | PTOP | IPEX | QLLC
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
4-28
Enables or disables the network service record.
Specifies the type of X.25 service that this interface supplies.
•
PDN for Public Data Network service
•
DDN for Defense Data Network service
•
PtoP for Point-to-Point network service
•
IPEX for TCP/IP Tunneling over X.25
•
QLLC for Qualified Logical Link Control service
Choose one of these network service types. If you specify IPEX or QLLC
you must configure several IPEX or QLLC specific parameters (refer to
Chapter 6 for IPEX and Chapter 7 for QLLC).
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.9
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Parameter:
Service VC Type
Default:
SVC
Options:
SVC | PVC
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies whether this service record applies to an SVC or a PVC.
Select the VC type that describes this service record.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.36
PVC LCN
Default:
None
Options:
1 to 4095
Function:
Specifies the logical channel number of the PVC for this service record.
Instructions:
Enter the LCN for this PVC.
MIB Object ID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.37
Parameter:
Connection ID
Default:
1
Options:
1 to 255
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Identifies each circuit to its remote destination. You can have multiple
Point-to-Point circuits configured to the same X.121 destination. Each of
them requires a unique Connection ID. Assign the same connection ID to
both the local and remote configurations for each circuit. You use the Type
parameter with PTOP service only.
Assign a unique connection ID for each X.121 connection.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.11
4-29
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Remote IP Address
Default:
0.0.0.0
Options:
Any valid IP address
Function:
Specifies a destination IP address that is reachable over this X.25
interface. This parameter is not used with Point-to-Point service.
You must specify a remote IP address if you plan to enable IP on this
interface. For DDN services, the router translates the remote IP address
you specify into an X.121 address so that it can route IP traffic over the
network. For PDN services, the router uses the remote IP address you
specify to define an adjacent host for the IP interface.
Instructions:
Enter a 32-bit destination IP address in dotted-decimal notation.
If you run OSI over DDN, you must also enter this IP address in the
SNPA field of the OSI External Address Adjacency Configuration
window. To enter this value in the SNPA field, you must convert the IP
address into X.121 format. Refer to Configuring OSI Services for more
information.
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Remote X.121/E.164 Address
Default:
None
Options:
Any valid X.121 address
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
4-30
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.13
Specifies a destination X.121 address. You must specify a destination
X.121 address if you are configuring PDN or Point-to-Point services. If
you are configuring DDN services, the router derives this address from
the remote IP address.
Enter a destination X.121 address (up to 15 decimal digits) that is
reachable over this X.25 interface.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.12
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Parameter:
Enable 1356 Multiplexing
Default:
Disable
Options:
Enable | Disable
Function:
If you set this parameter to Enable, the router can use RFC 1356 Null
Encapsulation to send multiple protocols over a single virtual circuit. If
you set the value to Disable, the router uses RFC 1356 Normal
Encapsulation for IP and OSI, and RFC 1356 SNAP Encapsulation for
any of the other protocols, opening a separate virtual circuit for each
protocol.
Bay Networks advises multiplexing only when you configure multiple
routing protocols on a PDN type of service.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Select Enable if you want to multiplex traffic over a single virtual circuit.
Otherwise, select Disable.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.34
Enable Compression
Default:
Disable
Options:
Enable | Disable
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Enables data compression.
Set this parameter to Enable if you want the X.25 service to use
compression for this connection. Otherwise, accept the default, Disable.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.33
Broadcast
Default:
OFF
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Indicates whether you want the X.25 service to send IP, IPX, or DECnet
broadcast messages to the remote IP address.
Instructions:
Set this parameter to ON if you want the X.25 service to send broadcast
messages to the IP address. Otherwise, accept the default, OFF.
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.14
4-31
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Max Connections
Default:
2
Options:
1 to 4
Function:
Specifies the maximum number of virtual circuits that the router can
establish with the remote device specified in this record. Increasing the
number of connections to the same destination may improve the rate of
data throughput.
To take advantage of multiple virtual connections and load sharing across
them, set this parameter to a value greater than 1. This parameter has
meaning only for PDN services.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.15
Precedence
Default:
OFF
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
4-32
Accept the default, 2, or enter a value within the specified range.
Specifies the priority of IP packets that this X.25 interface transmits and
that traverse the X.25 network. This parameter has meaning only for
DDN services.
To enable IP packet prioritization, set Precedence to ON.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.16
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Parameter:
Max Idle (min)
Default:
2, except QLLC default is 0
Options:
0 to 999 minutes
Function:
Specifies the maximum number of minutes that a virtual circuit can
remain idle. Once the Max Idle timer expires, X.25 clears the circuit.
Point-to-Point connections do not use this parameter. QLLC has a default
of 0 for this parameter, which disables the parameter. When this
parameter is disabled, the circuit can remain up but idle indefinitely.
Use this parameter to minimize CPU and network overhead during
periods of low datagram traffic.
PVCs do not use this parameter.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Accept the default value, 2, or enter a timeout value within the specified
range. To disable this parameter, enter a value of 0.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.17
Call Retry
Default:
60
Options:
10 to 999
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Specifies the interval in seconds between call request packets the router
sends to a specific destination. If a call attempt fails, the router waits the
number of seconds this parameter specifies before sending another call
request packet to the destination. If the router receives any IP datagrams
for this destination, it drops them during this period.
Accept the default, 60, or enter a call retry interval within the specified
range.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.18
4-33
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Flow Facility
Default:
Default
Options:
Negot | Default
Function:
Enables or disables the X.25 flow-control facility on each virtual circuit.
If you enable this parameter, calls the router transmits to the remote
X.121 address in this service record will contain flow control. You must
also enable the flow-control facility at the packet layer.
Instructions:
To enable flow-control facility negotiations, set this parameter to Negot.
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.19
Window Size
Default:
2
Options:
1 to 7 (for MOD8) or 1 to 127 (for MOD128)
Function:
Specifies the window size that appears in the facilities field of outgoing
call request packets to the X.121 address in this service record.
Instructions:
Accept the default, 2, or enter a window size within the specified range.
MIB Object ID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.20
Note: Window size and packet size can affect packet throughput across the
X.25 network. Setting the Window Size or Packet Size parameter too low
could cause the router to drop packets.
4-34
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Parameter:
Packet Size
Default:
128
Options:
16 | 32 | 64 | 128 | 256 | 512 | 1024 | 2048 | 4096
Function:
Specifies the packet size that appears in the facilities field of outgoing call
request packets to the remote X.121 address in this service record.
Instructions:
Accept the default, 128, or enter a packet size within the specified range.
MIB Object ID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.21
Note: Do not set this parameter to a value greater than you specify for the
packet-level parameter Max Packet Length.
Parameter:
Fast Select Request
Default:
OFF
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Enables the fast select request facility on each virtual circuit.
When you enable this parameter, call request packets this router generates
and sends to the remote X.121 address in this service record contain the
fast select request facility.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
To enable the fast select request facility, set this parameter to ON.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.22
Fast Select Accept
Default:
OFF
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Enables the fast select accept facility.
When you enable the fast select accept facility, the router can accept
incoming fast select call requests from the remote X.121 address in this
service record.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
To enable the fast select accept facility, set this parameter to ON.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.23
4-35
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Reverse Charge Request
Default:
OFF
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Enables or disables the reverse charge request facility.
Packet network charges accrue whenever the router generates an outgoing
call request packet. When you enable Reverse Charge Request, these
packet network charges accrue to the receiving DTE.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
To enable the reverse charge request facility, set this parameter to ON.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.24
Reverse Charge Accept
Default:
OFF
Options:
ON | OFF
Function:
Enables or disables the reverse charge accept facility.
When you enable this parameter, the router accepts network packet
charges from incoming call request packets.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.25
DDN BFE
Default:
Disable
Options:
Disable | Enable
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
4-36
To enable the reverse charge accept facility, set this parameter to ON.
Enables or disables DDN Blacker front-end encryption (BFE) support.
To enable DDN BFE support, set this parameter to Enable.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.31
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Parameter:
User Facility (hex)
Default:
None
Options:
Any facility that needs to be included in the call request packet
Function:
Allows you to add support for a facility Bay Networks does not transmit.
To generate a call with such a facility, you must enter the appropriate
facility code in this parameter. You must also set the associated parameter
at the packet level to ON. Table 4-2 names the facilities, which are also
the names of the packet-level parameters, and gives the corresponding
facility codes.
Table 4-2.
User Facilities and Codes
Facility/Packet-Level Parameter
Code
Throughput Class Negotiation
02
Network User Identification
C6
RPOA Selection
44
Transit Delay
49
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Specify a facility in hexadecimal form.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.29
Note: To set this parameter back to nil after you have configured it:
1. Select User Facility from the appropriate network service record (refer
to “Editing X.25 Network Service Records” earlier in this chapter).
2. Overwrite the erroneous value by typing all spaces where you
previously entered a hexadecimal value.
3. Click on Apply to implement your changes.
4. Click on Done to exit the X.25 Service Configuration window.
117377-A Rev. A
4-37
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
CUG Facility Format
Default:
None
Options:
None | Basic | Extended
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the closed user group (CUG) facility format that the interface
can accept. The value of this parameter should match that of the X.25
packet-level parameter CUG Selection.
If you are not configuring a CUG for this interface, select None. To
configure the Basic format, select Basic. To configure the extended
format, select Extended.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.26
CUG Facility Type
Default:
Normal
Options:
Normal | OA | Bilateral
Function:
Instructions:
Defines the type of CUG facility that the interface will accept. This
parameter works with the X.25 packet-level parameters CUG Outgoing
Access and CUG Bilateral Selection.
Select Normal to enable routing between CUGs.
Select OA to allow communication between CUGs with outgoing access.
If you select OA, make sure that you set the packet-level parameter CUG
Outgoing Access to CUGOA.
Select Bilateral to allow communication between bilateral CUGs. If you
select this option, make sure that you set the packet-level parameter CUG
Bilateral Selection to Bilateral.
MIB Object ID:
4-38
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.27
117377-A Rev. A
Editing X.25 Parameters
Parameter:
CUG Number
Default:
0
Range:
0 to 9999
Function:
Identifies each CUG with a number so that information is routed to the
correct CUG.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Enter a number for the closed user group.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.28
Deleting X.25 Network Service Records
To delete a network service record, begin at the X.25 Service Configuration
window (Figure 4-4) and
1.
Select the network service record that you want to delete.
2.
Click on Delete.
The X.25 Service Configuration window no longer lists the network service
record you deleted.
3.
Click on Done to save your changes and exit the window.
Deleting X.25 from the Router
To delete X.25 from the router globally, begin at the Configuration Manager
window (Figure 4-1) and
1.
Select Protocols > X25 > Delete X.25.
A window pops up and prompts:
Do you REALLY want to delete X.25?
2.
Click on OK.
Site Manager returns you to the Configuration Manager window. X.25 is no
longer configured on the router.
117377-A Rev. A
4-39
Chapter 5
Editing LAPB Parameters
The Link Access Procedure Balanced (LAPB) protocol is a subset of the
High-Level Data Link Control (HDLC) protocol, which is an OSI link layer
standard. This chapter describes
•
Properties of the LAPB protocol
•
Editing LAPB parameters
Properties of the LAPB Protocol
The implementation of the LAPB protocol differs among Bay Networks routers.
On the AN, ANH, ARN, and ASN routers, and BN and LN routers with the Octal
Sync link module, LAPB is implemented in software. For all other link modules,
LAPB is implemented in the hardware, and you cannot configure LAPB line
parameters.
Bay Networks routers use the services of LAPB to initialize the link between the
router and the local DCE device, and to frame X.25 data packets before
transmitting them to the DCE. X.25 uses the LAPB protocol at the data link
layer to
•
Initialize the link between the DTE and the local DCE device
•
Frame X.25 data packets before transmitting them to the DCE
The LAPB information field contains the X.25 packets. When an X.25 packet
reaches the destination router, the LAPB protocol strips away the LAPB frame
and delivers the packet to the network layer for further processing.
117377-A Rev. A
5-1
Configuring X.25 Services
Editing LAPB Parameters
When you configure a circuit for the X.25 protocol on an Octal Sync link module,
or any synchronous line on Bay Networks AN, ANH, ARN, or ASN routers, the
router automatically configures the LAPB protocol. The Edit SYNC Parameters
window includes an additional LAPB button. To edit LAPB parameters:
1.
Click on the COM Connector for X.25 Interface.
2.
Choose Edit Line.
The Edit SYNC Parameters window opens.
3.
Click on the LAPB button.
The Edit LAPB Parameters window opens (Figure 5-1).
Figure 5-1.
4.
5-2
Edit LAPB Parameters Window
Edit the LAPB parameters, using the descriptions that follow as a guide.
117377-A Rev. A
Editing LAPB Parameters
Parameter:
Enable
Default:
Enable
Options:
Enable | Disable
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Globally enables or disables LAPB services. The router enables LAPB
line services when you configure the X.25 protocol. You can disable and
reenable LAPB services on the interface without moving any physical
cabling.
Select Disable to disable LAPB services.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.1.8.1.2
Station Type
Default:
DTE
Options:
DTE | DCE | DXE
Function:
Identifies the station type, that is, whether the device is a DTE or DCE for
this interface.
Instructions:
If your device is data terminal equipment, select DTE. If your device is
data communications equipment, select DCE. If you do not want to assign
a specific station type, and instead want the network to determine the
station type, choose DXE. This value indicates that the router is in
unassigned mode; it is neither a DTE nor a DCE. If you select DXE, the
router will send an exchange identification (XID), but negotiation will not
take place until the network assigns a station type.
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.1.8.1.7
Control Field
Default:
Modulo 8
Options:
Modulo 8 | Modulo 128
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Specifies the window size, or modulo, of the sequence numbering that the
router uses to number frames.
Select the appropriate window size for your configuration.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.1.8.1.8
5-3
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Default:
256
Options:
3 to 4500 bytes
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the frame size, in bytes, for a frame that the router or network
transmits. This number excludes flags and 0 bits inserted for transparency.
Select the frame size that suits your network configuration.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.1.8.1.9
Window Size
Default:
7
Options:
1 to 127
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the default transmit and receive window size for the interface.
This value is the maximum number of unacknowledged sequence frames
that may be outstanding from the router or the network at any one time.
Enter the appropriate window size for your configuration.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.1.8.1.10
Max N2 Retries
Default:
10
Options:
1 to 64
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
5-4
Max N1 Frame Size (octets)
Determines the value of the N2 retry count, which is the number of
retransmission attempts that the router makes, per frame, before it
considers the line to be down. The retry count is the maximum number of
attempts following the expiration of the T1 timer.
Specify the number of times you want the router to try to retransmit.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.1.8.1.11
117377-A Rev. A
Editing LAPB Parameters
Parameter:
Max T1 Acknowledge Timer (seconds)
Default:
30
Options:
1 to 9999 seconds
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the maximum time, in seconds, that the router waits for an
acknowledgment of a frame that it has sent to the network.
Enter the maximum time, in seconds, that you would like the router to
wait for a frame acknowledgment from the network.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.1.8.1.12
Max T2 Acknowledge Timer (seconds)
Default:
1
Options:
1 to 9999 seconds
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the time, in seconds, that the router waits before sending an
acknowledgment for a sequenced frame. A value of 1 means that the
router does not delay before generating an acknowledgment.
Enter the amount of time that you want the router to wait before
acknowledging a frame.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.1.8.1.13
Max T3 Disconnect Timer (seconds)
Default:
60
Options:
1 to 9999 seconds
Function:
Specifies the time, in seconds, that the router waits before determining
that the link is disconnected. A value of 1 indicates that once the router
completes the frame exchange to bring down the link, it considers the link
disconnected.
Instructions:
Enter the amount of time that you want the router to wait before the router
considers the link disconnected.
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.1.8.1.14
5-5
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Default:
Active
Options:
Active | Passive
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Identifies whether or not the router initiates link setup or waits for the
network to initiate.
Enter Active if you want the router to initiate link setup; or enter Passive if
you want the network to initiate link setup.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.1.8.1.16
Enable Rx/Tx of XID Frames
Default:
Disable
Options:
Enable | Disable
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Enables or disables the transmission and reception of test XID frames by
the router.
Select Enable to allow the router to send XID frames. Select Disable to
prevent the router from sending XID frames.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.1.8.1.17
Command/Response Address
Default:
DTE
Options:
DTE | DCE
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
5-6
Initiate Link Setup Action
Specifies the local command or response address, which is the DTE or
DCE value expressed as a single octet.
Enter DTE for the DTE address; or enter DCE for the DCE address.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.1.8.1.18
117377-A Rev. A
Editing LAPB Parameters
Parameter:
WAN Protocol
Default:
Standard
Options:
Standard | X.25
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the WAN protocol you want on this interface.
Do not change this value. Use the Circuit List window to change the
protocol.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.1.8.1.20
Network Link Type
Default:
NET2
Options:
GOSIP | NET2
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Sets the link type used with the X.25 network hardware.
Select NET2 or GOSIP.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.1.8.1.39
Idle RR Frames
Default:
Off
Options:
On | Off
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Enables or disables the transmission and reception of RR frames during
periods when there are no information frame exchanges. When this
parameter is set to On, an RR is transmitted when no traffic is present on
the physical media.
Select On or Off.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.1.8.1.40
5-7
Chapter 6
Editing IPEX Parameters
This chapter describes how to configure
•
IPEX global parameters. Check these parameters to make sure that IPEX is
installed.
•
IPEX mapping parameters, which you use to configure tunneling.
For each IPEX parameter, this chapter gives the default setting, valid parameter
options, the parameter function, instructions for setting the parameter, and the
MIB object ID.
The Technician Interface allows you to modify parameters by executing set and
commit commands with the MIB object ID. This process is equivalent to
modifying parameters using Site Manager. For more information about using the
Technician Interface to access the MIB, see Using Technician Interface Software.
Caution: The Technician Interface does not verify the validity of the
parameter values you enter. Entering an invalid value can corrupt your
configuration.
Accessing IPEX Global Parameters
After you have configured a network interface circuit for X.25, you can edit the
configuration record to enable IPEX service on it.
Access the IPEX global parameters from the Protocols menu in the Configuration
Manager window (Figure 6-1).
117377-A Rev. A
6-1
Configuring X.25 Services
Figure 6-1.
Configuration Manager Window Showing IPEX Protocols Menu
1.
From the Protocols menu in the Configuration Manager window, select
IPEX > Global.
The Edit IPEX Global Parameters window appears (Figure 6-2).
Figure 6-2.
6-2
Edit IPEX Global Parameters Window
117377-A Rev. A
Editing IPEX Parameters
2.
In the Edit IPEX Global Parameters window, accept or change the
default values and click on OK to return to the Configuration Manager
main window.
IPEX Global Parameter Descriptions
This section describes the IPEX global parameters you can modify
from the Edit IPEX Global Parameters window.
Parameter:
Enable
Default:
Enable
Options:
Enable | Disable
Function:
Instructions:
Globally enables or disables IPEX.
Select Enable (the default) to activate IPEX on all interfaces.
Select Disable to deactivate IPEX on all interfaces. Selecting this option
when the Configuration Manager is in dynamic mode terminates all active
IPEX sessions.
MIB Object ID:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.15.1.2
Note: When you create X.25 interfaces that use IPEX service, the service is
globally enabled automatically.
Parameter:
Max Message Size
Default:
1600
Options:
16 through 4096 bytes
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
The maximum client message size that IPEX transports. The value for this
parameter cannot be larger than that for the Client Queue Size parameter,
and the software prevents you from assigning a value that is too large.
Accept the default, or assign a value equal or less than that for the client
queue size.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.15.1.4
6-3
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Insert Called DTE Address
Default:
Disable
Options:
Enable | Disable
Function:
Many DTE devices cannot provide the called DTE X.121 address that
IPEX requires. When you enable this parameter, and an IPEX device
receives an incoming call request packet that does not include a called
DTE X.121 address, the IPEX software searches all the mapping records
associated with its circuit interface until it locates a mapping record that is
a source type SVC record and has an X.121 called address. IPEX then
copies the X.121 called address from the mapping record to the call
request packet that lacks an X.121 address, and sends the packet to the
remote IPEX router to establish the IPEX session.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Choose Enable to enable address insertion.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.15.1.5
Configuring IPEX Mapping Entries
To set up the mapping between the X.25 and TCP interfaces:
1.
Add an entry to the IPEX Mapping Table.
2.
Configure the IPEX Mapping Parameters.
Adding an IPEX Mapping Table Entry
To add an entry to the IPEX Mapping Table:
1.
In the X.25 Service Configuration window (Figure 4-4), click on Add.
The X.25 Service window appears (Figure 6-3).
6-4
117377-A Rev. A
Editing IPEX Parameters
Figure 6-3.
X.25 Service Window
2.
117377-A Rev. A
Position your cursor in the Type parameter bar, click on the Values
button, and select IPEX as the service type (Figure 6-4).
6-5
Configuring X.25 Services
Figure 6-4.
3.
Values Selection Window
Click on OK.
You return to the X.25 Service window, which now lists IPEX as the Type
parameter entry.
4.
If your Service VC type is PVC, enter values in the First PVC and
Number of PVC LCN parameters.
Use the parameter descriptions that follow as a guide.
Parameter:
Default:
1
Options:
0 to 4095
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
6-6
First PVC LCN
Identifies the lowest PVC logical channel number for the interface. Note
that each PVC requires its own service record.
Enter the lowest PVC logical channel number.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.37
117377-A Rev. A
Editing IPEX Parameters
Parameter:
Number of PVC LCN
Default:
1
Options:
1 to 512
Function:
Specifies the total number of PVC logical channel numbers for the
interface. You must enter a value in this parameter if you want to use the
Copy function to replicate your X.25 Gateway configurations (see
Configuring X.25 Gateway Services).
Instructions:
5.
Enter the number of PVC LCNs on this interface.
Click on OK.
The IPEX Mapping Table Configuration window appears (Figure 6-5).
Figure 6-5.
6.
117377-A Rev. A
IPEX Mapping Table Configuration Window
Click on Add.
6-7
Configuring X.25 Services
The IPEX Mapping Add window appears (Figure 6-6).
Figure 6-6.
IPEX Mapping Add Window
7.
6-8
Click on the Values button and select a source connection type from the
menu that appears (Figure 6-7), using the parameter description that
follows as a guide.
117377-A Rev. A
Editing IPEX Parameters
Parameter:
Source Connection Type
Default:
None
Options:
PVC | SVC | TCP
Function:
Specifies the type of connection at the sending end of the original
message. PVC and SVC specify an X.25 Level 3 connection, either a
permanent virtual circuit or a switched virtual circuit. TCP is a
Transmission Control Protocol connection.
Source connection types PVC and SVC send to destination connection
type TCP. Source connection type TCP sends to destination connection
type PVC or SVC.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Select PVC to specify an X.25 connection to a permanent virtual circuit.
Select SVC to specify an X.25 connection to a switched virtual circuit.
Select TCP to specify a Transmission Control Protocol connection.
1.3.6.1.4.18.3.5.15.2.1.4
Note: Either the source or the destination connection type (but not both)
must be TCP.
Figure 6-7.
8.
117377-A Rev. A
Source Connection Type Menu
After you select PVC, SVC or TCP, click on OK.
6-9
Configuring X.25 Services
The IPEX Mapping Add window reappears and displays the connection type
you have selected.
9.
Select the Mapping Type parameter and click on Values. Select a
mapping type from the menu that appears (Figure 6-8).
Use the parameter description that follows as a guide.
Figure 6-8.
6-10
Mapping Type Menu
117377-A Rev. A
Editing IPEX Parameters
Parameter:
Mapping Type
Default:
End_to_End
Options:
Local | End_to_End | Gateway
Function:
Specifies whether facilities, call user data, M-bit, and Q-bit support
terminate locally or are passed end-to-end. X.25 parameters that you
configure at the packet and service-record level determine which facilities
are supported. The last option is to configure X.25 Gateway services.
If you set this parameter to Local, IPEX ports can support different packet
sizes at each end. You must also configure the Source X.121 Address
parameter for an SVC source connection type, and both Source and
Destination X.121 Address parameters for a TCP source connection type.
If you configure End-to-End mapping, assign to all IPEX ports the same
packet and window size, because different packet sizes, impede M-bit
support.
For information about X.25 Gateway Services, see Configuring X.25
Gateway Services.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Select Local or End_to_End.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.15.2.1.16
10. Click on OK.
The IPEX Mapping Parameters window appears. If you select PVC as Source
Connection Type, Figure 6-9 appears. If you select SVC, Figure 6-10 appears.
If you select TCP, Figure 6-11 appears.
117377-A Rev. A
6-11
Configuring X.25 Services
Figure 6-9.
IPEX Mapping Parameters Window for PVC
Figure 6-10.
IPEX Mapping Parameters Window for SVC
6-12
117377-A Rev. A
Editing IPEX Parameters
Figure 6-11.
IPEX Mapping Parameters Window for TCP
In the IPEX Mapping Parameters windows, you define a new mapping entry by
specifying source and destination addresses, the format of which depends on
whether the connection type is PVC, SVC, or TCP.
IPEX Mapping Parameter Descriptions
This section describes the IPEX mapping parameters that you configure in the
IPEX Mapping Parameters windows. It also describes additional parameters that
you can modify in the IPEX Mapping Table Configuration window. The order of
these parameter descriptions is
•
Mapping parameters for PVC and SVC connections
•
Mapping parameters for TCP connections
•
Additional mapping parameters
To set parameters, enter a value in the parameter field or select a value from the
Values list.
117377-A Rev. A
6-13
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameters for PVC and SVC Connections
Parameter:
Default:
None
Options:
1 to 4095
Function:
Specifies the inbound PVC LCN that you map to the TCP connection.
The port monitors the X.25 calls for this LCN to initiate the connection.
Instructions:
This window appears only if you chose PVC as your source connection
type. Enter the LCN of the PVC for this IPEX connection.
Parameter:
X.121 Called Address
Default:
None
Options:
Any valid X.121 address
Function:
Specifies the inbound X.121 called address that you map to the TCP
connection. The port monitors the X.25 calls for this X.121 called address
to initiate the connection.
Instructions:
This window appears only if you chose SVC as your source connection
type. Enter the called X.121 address (up to 15 decimal digits). The
destination address depends on the network device to which this circuit is
connected. Consult your network administrator for the correct value.
MIB Object ID:
6-14
Source PVC LCN
1.3.6.1.4.18.3.5.15.2.1.6
117377-A Rev. A
Editing IPEX Parameters
Parameter:
Remote IP Address
Default:
None
Options:
Any valid IP address
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the remote IP address used to establish a TCP connection to the
destination. You configure this parameter only when the source
connection type is SVC.
Enter the IP address of the remote connection. Use dotted-decimal
notation (for example, 1.1.1.1). Consult your network administrator for
the correct value.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.15.2.1.12
Remote TCP Port Number
Default:
None
Options:
The TCP port number at the remote connection, a value between 12304
and 16399.
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Specifies the remote TCP port number used to establish a TCP connection
to the destination. The remote TCP port originates connections to the
local TCP port. You configure this parameter only when the source
connection type is SVC.
Enter the TCP port number for the remote connection.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.15.2.1.13
Parameters for TCP Connections
Parameter:
Local TCP Port
Default:
None
Options:
The local TCP port number, a value between 12304 and 16399.
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Specifies the TCP port in the local IPEX connection. This port accepts
inbound TCP connections from the remote TCP port. You configure this
parameter when the Source Connection Type is TCP.
Enter the TCP port number.
1.3.6.1.4.18.3.5.15.2.1.5
6-15
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Destination Connection Type
Default:
None
Options:
SVC | PVC
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Specifies either SVC or PVC as the destination connection for this TCP
source connection.
Choose the value that applies to your network.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.15.2.1.8
Note: Either the source or the destination connection type (but not both)
must be TCP.
Parameter:
Default:
None
Options:
1 to 4095
Function:
Instructions:
6-16
Destination PVC LCN
Specifies the PVC LCN that you map to the TCP connection. The port
monitors the X.25 calls for this LCN to initiate the connection.
This window appears only if you chose PVC as your source connection
type. Enter the LCN of the PVC for this IPEX connection.
117377-A Rev. A
Editing IPEX Parameters
Additional Mapping Parameters
You can access the following parameters in the IPEX Mapping Table
Configuration window.
Parameter:
Enable
Default:
Enable
Options:
Enable | Disable
Function:
Instructions:
Enables or disables a particular IPEX mapping entry on this interface.
Select Enable (the default) to activate this IPEX mapping entry.
Select Disable only if you want to deactivate this mapping entry. When
you select Disable, you eliminate all active IPEX sessions established
with this mapping entry.
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.15.2.1.2
Source X.121 Address
Default:
None
Options:
Any valid X.121 address
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Specifies the calling X.121 address that will be inserted in the outbound
X.25 call packet. You configure this parameter only when the source
connection is type TCP, the destination connection is type SVC, and only
when you set the Mapping Type parameter to Local.
Enter the calling X.121 address (up to 15 decimal digits). The source
address is based on where the call originated. Consult your network
administrator for the correct value.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.15.2.1.9
6-17
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Default:
None
Options:
Any valid X.121 address
Function:
Specifies the called X.121 address that will be inserted in the outbound
X.25 call packet. You configure this parameter only when the source
connection is type TCP, the destination connection is type SVC, and only
when you set the Mapping Type parameter to Local.
Instructions:
Enter the called X.121 address (up to 15 decimal digits). The destination
address depends on the network device to which this circuit is connected.
Consult your network administrator for the correct value.
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.15.2.1.10
Client Queue Size
Default:
The larger of TCP Max Window Size or IPEX Max Message Size, usually
4096
Options:
16 to 8192 bytes
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
6-18
Destination X.121 Address
Specifies the size (in bytes) of the IPEX queues used for buffering data
between TCP and X.25. The value of this parameter must be at least as
large as that of the Maximum Message Size parameter, and the software
prevents you from assigning a lower value.
Accept the default, or select a client queue size at least as large as the
maximum message size.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.15.2.1.14
117377-A Rev. A
Editing IPEX Parameters
Parameter:
X.25 Call User Data
Default:
None
Options:
Any valid call user data up to 128 bytes
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the X.25 call user data field content inserted in the X.25 Call
Request packet. You configure this parameter only when the source
connection type is TCP, the destination connection is type SVC, and the
mapping type is Local.
Enter the appropriate data in ASCII format.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.15.2.1.10
Idle Session Timer
Default:
120
Options:
0 to 86,400 seconds
Function:
Specifies the timeout period, in seconds, that an established TCP
connection can be inactive before the router sends messages to the peer to
verify that the peer is alive.
If you set this parameter to zero, you disable the keepalive feature.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Accept the default, or adjust the timer if your network requires a shorter
or longer idle time.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.15.2.1.18
6-19
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Keep Alive Retransmit Timer
Default:
3
Options:
0 to 600 seconds
Function:
Specifies the interval, in seconds, at which the router will retransmit
unacknowledged keepalive messages. If you set the Idle Session Timer
to 0, this timer’s value has no impact. If you set the Idle Session Timer to
a value other than 0, and this timer is 0, the router does not send keepalive
messages, and the TCP session terminates when the idle session timer
expires.
The time you set should be larger than the round-trip network delay, or
retransmits will occur unnecessarily.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.15.2.1.19
Keep Alive Retransmit Count
Default:
5
Options:
0 to 99
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
6-20
Accept the default or adjust to be longer than the round-trip network
delay.
Specifies the number of unacknowledged keepalive messages that the
router retransmits before the TCP session terminates. If you set this
parameter to 0, the router will send only one keepalive message.
Accept the default or adjust to meet requirements for the total time the
router needs to detect that the peer connection has terminated. The total
time is the sum of the Idle Session Timer and the Keep Alive Retransmit
Timer times the Keep Alive Retransmit Count.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.15.2.1.20
117377-A Rev. A
Editing IPEX Parameters
Editing IPEX Mapping Table Entries
To change an IPEX mapping table entry:
1.
In the Configuration Manager window, select Protocols > IPEX > IPEX
Mapping Table.
The IPEX Mapping Table Configuration window appears
(Figure 6-5).
2.
In the IPEX Mapping Table Configuration window, select the circuit that
you want to edit.
3.
Edit the parameter values. See “IPEX Mapping Parameter
Descriptions,” earlier in this chapter.
4.
Click on Apply to save the new configuration.
5.
Click on Done.
You return to the Configuration Manager window.
Deleting IPEX Mapping Table Entries
To delete an entry from the IPEX Mapping Table:
1.
In the Configuration Manager window, select Protocols > IPEX > IPEX
Mapping Table.
The IPEX Mapping Table Configuration window appears
(Figure 6-5).
2.
Select the entry that you want to delete.
3.
Click on Delete.
The system software deletes the entry you selected, and the entry disappears from
the list of IPEX Mapping Table entries in the IPEX Mapping Table Configuration
window.
117377-A Rev. A
6-21
Configuring X.25 Services
Deleting IPEX from the Router
T o delete IPEX globally, begin at the Configuration Manager window, and
1.
Select IPEX > Global > Delete IPEX.
A window prompts:
Do you REALLY want to delete IPEX?
2.
Click on OK.
Site Manager returns you to the Configuration Manager window. IPEX is no
longer configured on the router.
6-22
117377-A Rev. A
Chapter 7
Editing QLLC Parameters
This chapter describes how to configure QLLC parameters. For each QLLC
parameter, this chapter gives the default setting, valid parameter options, the
parameter function, instructions for setting the parameter, and the MIB object ID.
The Technician Interface allows you to modify parameters by executing set and
commit commands with the MIB object ID. This process is equivalent to
modifying parameters using Site Manager. For more information about using the
Technician Interface to access the MIB, refer to Using Technician Interface
Software.
Caution: The Technician Interface does not verify the validity of the
parameter values you enter. Entering an invalid value can corrupt your
configuration.
Configuring QLLC
When you configure a network interface circuit for X.25, you can enable QLLC.
You must
1.
Add an X.25 Service Record and select QLLC as the service type.
2.
Add an entry to the QLLC Mapping Table (only for DLSw support).
3.
Configure the QLLC Mapping Parameters (only for DLSw support.
4.
Configure DLSw or APPN over X.25 circuits.
Refer to Configuring DLSw Services or Configuring APPN Services.
117377-A Rev. A
7-1
Configuring X.25 Services
Adding a QLLC Mapping Table Entry
1.
In the X.25 Service Configuration window (refer to Figure 3-4), click on
Add.
The X.25 Service window appears (Figure 7-1).
Figure 7-1.
X.25 Service Window
2.
7-2
Position your cursor in the Type parameter bar, click on the Values
button, and select QLLC as the service type (Figure 7-2).
117377-A Rev. A
Editing QLLC Parameters
Figure 7-2.
3.
Values Selection Window
Click on OK.
You return to the X.25 Service window.
4.
Position your cursor in the Remote X.121/E.164 Address parameter, and
enter the appropriate address. Use the parameter description that follows
as a guide.
5.
Click on OK.
The QLLC Mapping Table Configuration window appears (Figure 7-3).
Parameter:
Remote X.121/E.164 Address
Default:
None
Options:
Any valid X.121 or E.164 address
Function:
Specifies a destination X.121 or E.164 address. You must specify a
destination X.121 or E.164 address if you are configuring PDN, QLLC, or
Point-to-Point services. If you are configuring DDN services, the router
derives this address from the remote IP address.
Instructions:
Enter a destination X.121 or E.164 address (up to 15 decimal digits) that
is reachable over this X.25 interface.
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.2.1.12
7-3
Configuring X.25 Services
Figure 7-3.
6.
QLLC Mapping Table Configuration Window
Click on Add.
The QLLC Mapping Parameters window appears (Figure 7-4).
7-4
117377-A Rev. A
Editing QLLC Parameters
Figure 7-4.
QLLC Mapping Parameters Window
In the QLLC Mapping Parameters window, you define a new mapping entry by
specifying a Map Entry Name, Adjacent and Partner X.121 addresses, and
Adjacent and Partner MAC addresses. All other QLLC parameters have default
values.
117377-A Rev. A
7-5
Configuring X.25 Services
QLLC Mapping Parameter Descriptions
This section describes the QLLC mapping parameters that you can configure in
the QLLC Mapping Parameters window. It also describes additional parameters
that you can modify in the QLLC Mapping Table Configuration window.
Note: Each mapping entry must have a unique combination of Adjacent X.121
Address, Partner X.121 Address, and Protocol ID.
To set parameters, enter a value in the parameter field or select a value from the
Values list.
QLLC Mapping Parameters
You can access the following parameters in the QLLC Mapping Parameters
window.
Parameter:
Default:
None
Options:
Any text string
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
7-6
Map Entry Name
Provides a name for the QLLC mapping entry.
Enter a text string that describes this mapping entry.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.8.1.18
117377-A Rev. A
Editing QLLC Parameters
Parameter:
Adjacent DTE/DCE X.121 Address
Default:
None
Options:
Any valid X.121 address
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the X.121 device that connects to the interface running the
QLLC/X.25 software, either directly or indirectly. QLLC software maps
the adjacent X.121 address to the adjacent MAC address.
Accept the value that the software automatically carries forward from the
X.25 service record, or enter the appropriate X.121 address (up to
15 decimal digits). Consult your network administrator for the correct
value.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.8.1.7
Protocol ID (PID) (hex)
Default:
0xC3
Options:
A hexadecimal value from 0x01 through 0xFE
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the protocol ID used in the first byte of the Call User Data of the
X.25 Call Request packet.
Accept the default, or select another value within the range given. The
PID must be set to the value of the adjacent X.25/QLLC device.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.8.1.8
Adjacent MAC Address
Default:
None
Options:
The MAC address assigned to this QLLC device. It must be unique within
your DLSw network.
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Specifies the MAC address assigned to the device that connects to the
interface running the QLLC/X.25 software. QLLC software maps the
adjacent MAC Address to the adjacent X.121 address.
Enter the adjacent MAC address. Consult your network administrator for
the correct value.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.8.1.11
7-7
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Default:
None
Options:
Any valid X.121 address
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Specifies the X.121 address of the device that connects through the DLSw
network. QLLC software maps the partner X.121 address to the partner
MAC address.
Enter the partner X.121 address (up to 15 decimal digits). Consult your
network administrator for the correct value.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.8.1.6
Partner MAC Address
Default:
None
Options:
The MAC address assigned to this SNA device. It must be unique within
your network.
Function:
Specifies the MAC address assigned to the device that connects through
the DLSw network. The QLLC software maps the partner MAC address
to the partner X.121 address.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Enter the MAC address. Consult your network administrator for the
correct value.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.8.1.9
Generate XID
Default:
Disable
Options:
Enable | Disable
Function:
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
7-8
Partner DTE/DCE X.121 Address
Allows a non-NPSI host to establish a session with a QLLC endstation.
Set to Enable when a PU 2.0 QLLC device connects through DLSw to a
non-X.25 host.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.8.1.16
117377-A Rev. A
Editing QLLC Parameters
Additional Mapping Parameters
You can access the following parameters in the QLLC Mapping Table
Configuration window.
Parameter:
Enable
Default:
Enable
Options:
Enable | Disable
Function:
Instructions:
Enables or disables a particular QLLC mapping entry on this interface.
Accept the default, Enable, to activate this QLLC mapping entry.
Select Disable only if you want to deactivate this mapping entry. When
you select Disable, you eliminate all active QLLC sessions established
with this mapping entry.
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.8.1.2
Adjacent SAP Address
Default:
0x04
Options:
A hexadecimal value from 0x01 through FE.
Function:
Specifies the SAP address associated with a communication subsystem on
an adjacent device.
If you have two data streams running between the same two end points,
you must assign different SAP numbers to each of these streams.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Accept the default, or specify the SAP address associated with a specific
communication subsystem. For example, the SAP associated with SNA is
0x04. You must include the 0x prefix.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.8.1.12
7-9
Configuring X.25 Services
Parameter:
Partner SAP Address
Default:
0x04
Options:
A hexadecimal value from 0x01 through 0xFE
Function:
Specifies the SAP address associated with a communication subsystem on
a partner device.
If you have two data streams running between the same two end points,
you must assign different SAP numbers to each of these streams.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
Parameter:
Default:
Accept the default, or specify the SAP address associated with a specific
communication subsystem. For example, the SAP associated with SNA is
0x04. You must include the 0x prefix.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.8.1.10
Options
0x0
Options:
Hexadecimal
Value
Function:
Instructions:
Decimal Value
Message/Event
0x0
0
Wait for Adjacent DTE/DCE to send an
QXID before forwarding an QXID to it.
0x0001
1
Do not wait; send an QXID without receiving
an QXID first.
Specifies when to forward an XID to the adjacent device.
Accept the default, 0x0, if you are connecting to a device running PU 2.0
traffic.
Choose 0x001 if you are connecting to a host running PU 2.1 traffic.
MIB Object ID:
7-10
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.8.1.13
117377-A Rev. A
Editing QLLC Parameters
Parameter:
Default:
Trace
Disable (0x0)
Options:
Hexadecimal
Value
Function:
Decimal Value
Message/Event
0x0
0
Disable
0x0001
1
Enable QLLC logging
0x0002
2
Data frames/packets
0x0004
4
Flow control messages
0x0008
8
Client registration messages
0x0010
16
X.25 session establishment messages
0x0020
32
Test frames/packets
0x0040
64
XID frames/packets
0x0080
128
Set Mode frames/packets
0x0100
256
Disconnect frames/packets
0x0200
512
Configuration changes
0x0400
1024
Death of client (DLSw)
0x0800
2048
Data Path (DP) messages
This object is a bit mask used to enable logging of internal QLLC
messages and events. You can add values and enter the sum to enable
multiple message groups.
Enabling this parameter has a small impact on router performance. You
may want to disable this parameter after you are sure that the
configuration works.
Instructions:
MIB Object ID:
117377-A Rev. A
Accept the default, Disable, or enable the type of debugging that you want
on your network.
1.3.6.1.4.1.18.3.5.9.4.8.1.14
7-11
Configuring X.25 Services
Editing or Deleting QLLC Mapping Table Entries
To change a QLLC mapping table entry:
1.
In the Configuration Manager window, select Circuits > Edit Circuits.
The Circuit List window appears. Select the circuit you want to edit.
2.
Click on Edit.
The Circuit Definition window appears.
3.
Select X.25 Protocol > Service.
The X.25 Service Configuration window appears.
4.
Select QLLC.
The QLLC Mapping Table Configuration window appears.
5.
Select a mapping table entry and change the appropriate parameters.
If you want to delete a mapping table entry, select it and click on Delete.
6.
Click on Apply to save the new configuration.
7.
Click on Done.
You return to the Configuration Manager window.
7-12
117377-A Rev. A
Appendix A
Sample IPEX Configurations
IPEX Mapping Example
This sample configuration for IPEX mapping parameters (Figure A-1) illustrates
two X.25 terminals that use X.25 TCP/IP Tunneling.
X.25 level 3
connections
TCP
connections
TCP
port 15000
TCP
port 15000
X.25 level 3
connections
TCP/IP
X.25 DTE
X.121 address is 987
"local"
IPEX
(router)
IP address
192.168.134.222
"remote"
IPEX
X.25 DCE
(router)
X.121 address is 123
IP address
192.168.134.111
X250014A
Figure A-1.
Sample Configuration for Mapping Parameters
In this example, the calling X.25 terminal on the left (987) sends the called
address (123) to the first IPEX router, establishing an SVC source connection with
a TCP destination connection. The call is tunneled through the TCP/IP network to
the second IPEX router, which establishes a source TCP connection with an SVC
destination connection to the X.25 terminal on the right.
Figures A-2 through A-5 show the parameter settings for full-duplex calls for this
configuration. Figures A-2 and A-5 show the settings for 987 calling 123, and
Figures A-4 and A-3 show the settings for 123 calling 987.
117377-A Rev. A
A-1
Configuring X.25 Services
Figure A-2.
IPEX Mapping Parameters for Local SVC Connection Type
Figure A-3.
IPEX Mapping Parameters for Local TCP Connection Type
A-2
117377-A Rev. A
Sample IPEX Configurations
Figure A-4.
IPEX Mapping Parameters for Remote SVC Connection Type
Figure A-5.
IPEX Mapping Parameters for Remote TCP Connection Type
117377-A Rev. A
A-3
Configuring X.25 Services
IPEX Single-Node Switching
IPEX single-node switching is IPEX configured on the backplane of a single
router. A normal IPEX configuration performs local X.25 switching, and a
circuitless IP network simulates an IP cloud. Figure A-6 illustrates single-node
switching.
X.25 level 3 with IPEX
Router's circuitless
IPaddress:192.32.50.1
S11
S12
X.25 DTE
X.25 host
E.164 called address:12345678
X250022A
Figure A-6.
IPEX Single-Node Switching
If the router receives an X.121 called address for a VC, with the call request
coming from the X.25 port, it sends the packet to a TCP destination port and IP
address that you choose. For this example, the router sends the packet to the
circuitless IP address, or any other IP address on the local router.
If the router receives an incoming TCP/IPEX packet from the configured TCP port
number, it sends the IPEX packet out on the X.25 port.
Configuring IPEX Local X.25 Switching
This example assumes that you have already configured a circuitless IP address.
For information about configuring IP, refer to Configuring IP Services. For
information about configuring X.25, refer to Configuring X.25 Services.
A-4
117377-A Rev. A
Sample IPEX Configurations
Configuring the PVC or SVC Connection
Use these instructions to configure the PVC or SVC connection. Refer to
Chapter 6, “Editing IPEX Parameters,” for screens and for parameter descriptions.
1.
Click on a port, and click on OK.
2.
Choose X.25 from the WAN Protocols menu.
3.
Click on OK.
The X.25 Packet Configuration window appears.
4.
Select a Link Address Type DCE if the port connects to a DTE device (for
example, an ATM machine). Select a Link Address Type of DTE if it
connects to a DCE type device (for example, an X.25 switch).
5.
Enter a PDN X.121 address.
This can be any legal X.121 address, but not the X.121 address that you are
using for IPEX mapping (step 14).
6.
Enter the maximum number of PVC and/or SVC logical channels and
LCN ranges that this interface requires.
7.
Click on OK.
The X.25 Service Configuration window appears.
8.
Enter the appropriate Service VC Type. If it is PVC, enter the
appropriate values for the First PVC LCN and Number of PVC LCN
parameters.
9.
Click on Add.
The X.25 Service window appears.
10. In the Type parameter, click on Values, and choose IPEX as the service
type.
11. Click on OK.
The IPEX Mapping Table Configuration window appears.
12. Click on Add.
The IPEX Mapping Add window appears.
13. Click on the Values button and select PVC or SVC as the Source
Connection Type.
117377-A Rev. A
A-5
Configuring X.25 Services
14. Click on the Mapping Type parameter bar, click on Values, and choose
End_to_End as the mapping type unless you must perform X.121 address
translation. Address translation is only possible in Local Mode.
15. Click on OK.
The IPEX Mapping Parameters window for PVC or SVC appears.
16. Enter a Source PVC LCN or an X.121 called address, as appropriate.
In this example, the address is 12345678.
17. Enter the Remote IP Address.
In this example, the address is 192.32.50.1.
18. Enter the Remote TCP Port Number.
This is the destination TCP port number that receives the IPEX packets. For
this example, enter 13000 for COM1.
19. Click on OK. Click on Done.
You have completed the IPEX configuration for COM1.
Configuring the TCP Connection
To configure the TCP connection:
1.
Repeat steps 1 to 13 in the previous section,“Configuring the PVC or
SVC Connection,” but select a different COM port.
2.
Click on the Values button and select TCP as the Source Connection
Type.
3.
Click on OK.
The IPEX Mapping Parameters window for TCP appears.
4.
Enter the Local TCP port number.
In this example, the number is 13000.
A-6
5.
Enter either PVC or SVC as the Destination Connection Type.
6.
Click on OK. Click on Done.
117377-A Rev. A
Sample IPEX Configurations
You have completed the IPEX configuration.
Note: This example allows calls from the X.25 DTE to the X.25 host. After
the initial call, traffic can flow in both directions. To allow either side of the
connection to make call requests, you must make the same configuration
again, but in the opposite direction. That is, create an SVC mapping type on
the X.25 host, and a TCP mapping type on the X.25 DTE. For the second
configuration, use a different TCP port. Both mapping types can exist on the
same interface.
117377-A Rev. A
A-7
Appendix B
QLLC Configuration Examples
The sections that follow illustrate typical QLLC network topologies when used
with DLSw.
Sample Network Topologies
QLLC conversion supports the following network topologies:
•
Upstream QLLC
•
Downstream QLLC
•
Endpoint QLLC
•
Backbone QLLC
The following sections show examples of each.
117377-A Rev. A
B-1
Configuring X.25 Services
Upstream QLLC Network
Figure B-1 shows support for upstream X.25 networks. The DLSw network
connects to an upstream QLLC host through an X.25 network, and to SDLC- and
LLC-attached SNA end stations. The end stations can be PU2.0 devices, such as
the AS 400, IBM 3174, PS/2, and IBM 5394. A QLLC host might be an AS 400 or
an IBM mainframe running NPSI software.
B-2
117377-A Rev. A
QLLC Configuration Examples
SNA mainframe
X.121 address = 12345678
MAC address = 4000004410
PC
X.121 address = 45678912
MAC address = 4000004560
X.25
Token Ring
DLSw
Router B
Router A
3174
control unit
Station address = C1
SDLC X.21 address = 70012345
MAC address = 40000000EACO
X.121 address = 400444
MAC address = 400000FE40
AS 400
Router B SDLC local device table
Address = C1
MAC address = 4000000EAC0
Router A mapping table
SNA mainframe
parameters map to
PC parameters
AS 400 parameters
3174 control unit
parameters
Adjacent DTE/DCE X.121
address =12345678
Partner DTE/DCE X.121
address = 45678912
Partner DTE/DCE X.121
address = 400444
Partner DTE/DCE X.121
address = 70012345
Adjacent MAC
address = 4000004410
Partner MAC
address = 4000004560
Partner MAC
address = 400000FE40
Partner MAC
address = 4000000EACO
X250017A
Figure B-1.
117377-A Rev. A
Upstream QLLC Network
B-3
Configuring X.25 Services
Downstream QLLC Network
Figure B-2 shows support for downstream QLLC devices. The DLSw network
connects to upstream SDLC- or LLC-attached SNA hosts, and downstream
QLLC-compatible attached SNA end stations. The end station can be a PU2.0
device, such as an AS 400, IBM 3174, PS/2, or IBM 5394. The SNA host might be
an AS 400 or an IBM mainframe.
Setting the Generate XID Parameter
Set the Generate XID parameter to Enable when you configure a secondary
X.25 device to communicate with a non-X.25/QLLC primary device. This means
that for the FEP, the AS 400, and the IBM 3745 in Figure B-2, set this parameter
to Enable.
B-4
117377-A Rev. A
QLLC Configuration Examples
SNA mainframe
3174
control unit
X.121 address = 12345678
MAC address = 4000004560
X.121 address = 67891234
MAC address = 4000005670
Token Ring
X.25
AS 400
DLSw
Router A
Router B SDLC local device table
SDLC
Router B
IBM 3745 FEP
Station address = C1
X.21 address = 70012345
MAC address =
40000000EACO
X.121 address = 84561234
MAC address = 400000FE40
Address = C1
MAC Address = 4000000EAC0
Router A mapping table
3174 control unit
parameters map to
SNA mainframe
parameters
AS 400 parameters
IBM 3745
parameters
Adjacent DTE/DCE X.121
address =12345678
Partner DTE/DCE X.121
address = 67891234
Partner DTE/DCE X.121
address = 70012345
Partner DTE/DCE X.121
address = 84561234
Adjacent MAC
address = 4000004560
Partner MAC
address = 40000056700
Partner MAC
address = 400000EACO
Partner MAC
address = 4000000FE4O
X250018A
Figure B-2.
117377-A Rev. A
Downstream QLLC Network
B-5
Configuring X.25 Services
Endpoint QLLC Network
Figure B-3 shows support for a network that connects an upstream X.25-attached
SNA end station, and a downstream X.25-attached SNA end station. The end
stations can be an AS 400 and a PC supporting a hierarchical protocol such as
SNA or a peer-to-peer protocol such as APPN.
Setting the Options Parameter
Set the Options parameter to Don’t Wait when both end stations are X.25/QLLC
devices.
B-6
117377-A Rev. A
QLLC Configuration Examples
AS 400
PC
X.121 address = 12345678
MAC address = 4000004410
X.25
X.121 address = 45678912
MAC address = 4000005670
X.25
DLSw
Router B
Router A
Router A mapping table
AS 400 parameters map to
PC
Adjacent DTE/DCE X.121
address = 12345678
Partner DTE/DCE X.121
address = 45678912
Adjacent MAC
address = 4000004410
Partner MAC
address = 4000005670
Router B mapping table
PC parameters map to
AS 400
Adjacent DTE/DCE X.121
address = 45678912
Partner DTE/DCE X.121
address = 12345678
Partner MAC
address = 4000004410
Adjacent MAC
address = 4000005670
X250020A
Figure B-3.
117377-A Rev. A
Endpoint QLLC Network
B-7
Configuring X.25 Services
Backbone QLLC Network
Figure B-4 shows support for an X.25 backbone. This X.25 network connects to
an upstream SNA mainframe, and a downstream PC through an X.25 backbone
network. Refer to Chapter 1 for definitions of Adjacent and Partner devices.
SNA mainframe
X.121 address = 12345678
MAC address = 4000004410
PC
X.121 address = 45678912
MAC address = 4000005670
Token Ring
Token Ring
X.25
Router B
Router A
Router A mapping table
SNA mainframe parameters
map to
PC
Adjacent DTE/DCE X.121
address = 45678912
Adjacent MAC
address = 4000005670
Partner DTE/DCE X.121
address =12345678
Partner MAC
address = 4000004410
Router B mapping table
PC parameters map to
SNA mainframe
Adjacent DTE/DCE X.121
address =12345678
Adjacent MAC
address = 4000004410
Partner DTE/DCE X.121
address = 45678912
Partner MAC
address = 4000005670
X250021A
Figure B-4.
B-8
X.25 Backbone QLLC Network
117377-A Rev. A
Appendix C
X.25 Default Parameter Settings
Tables C-1 through C-7 list X.25, LAPB, IPEX, and QLLC parameters and their
default values.
Table C-1.
X.25 Global Parameter
Parameter
Default
Enable
Enable
Table C-2.
X.25 Packet-level Parameters
Parameter
Default
Enable
Enable
Link Address Type
DCE
Network Address Type
PDN_Network
PDN X.121 Address
None
DDN IP Address
None
Sequence Size
MOD8
Restart Procedure Type
DTE_Restart (for DTE)
DCE_Restart (for DCE)
(continued)
117377-A Rev. A
C-1
Configuring X.25 Services
Table C-2.
X.25 Packet-level Parameters (continued)
Parameter
Default
Default Tx/Rx Window Size
2
Default Tx/Rx Pkt Length
128
Number of PVC Channels
0
PVC LCN Start
0
Number of Incoming SVC
Channels
0
Incoming SVC LCN Start
0
Number of Bidirectional SVC
Channels
0
Bidirectional SVC LCN Start
0
Number of Outgoing SVC
Channels
0
Outgoing SVC LCN Start
0
Use Default Service Configuration
OFF
T1 Timer
60 s
T2 Timer
180 s
T3 Timer
200 ms
T4 Timer
200 ms
Flow Control Negotiation
Off
Max Window Size
2
Max Packet Length
128
Tx/Rx Throughput Class
THRCLASS19200
Throughput Class Negotiation
Off
Max Throughput Class
19200
(continued)
C-2
117377-A Rev. A
X.25 Default Parameter Settings
Table C-2.
117377-A Rev. A
X.25 Packet-level Parameters (continued)
Parameter
Default
Network User Identification
Off
Incoming Calls Accept
On
Outgoing Calls Accept
On
Fast Select Accept
Off
Reverse Charge Accept
Off
Fast Select
Off
Reverse Charging
Off
CUG Selection
Null
CUG Outgoing Access
Null
CUG Bilateral Selection
Null
RPOA Selection
Off
Charging Information
Off
Transit Delay
Off
Full Addressing
On
Acceptance Format
Basic (2)
Release Format
Basic (2)
CCITT Conformance
DXE1988
Network Standard
None
Statistics Computation
Disable
Client Response Timer
120
C-3
Configuring X.25 Services
Table C-3.
X.25 Network Service Record Parameters
Parameter
Default
Enable
Enable
Type
None
Service VC Type
SVC
PVC LCN
None
Connection ID
1
Remote IP Address
0.0.0.0
Remote X.121 Address
None
Enable 1356 Multiplexing
Disable
Enable Compression
Disable
Broadcast
Off
Max Connections
2
Precedence
Off
Max Idle (Mins)
2
Call Retry
60
Flow Facility
Default
Window Size
2
Packet Size
128
Fast Select Request
Off
Fast Select Accept
Off
Reverse Charge Request
Off
Reverse Charge Accept
Off
DDN BFE
Disable
User Facility (hex)
None
(continued)
C-4
117377-A Rev. A
X.25 Default Parameter Settings
Table C-3.
Table C-4.
X.25 Network Service Record Parameters (continued)
Parameter
Default
CUG Facility Format
None
CUG Facility Type
Normal
CUG Number
0
LAPB Parameters
Parameter
Default
Enable
Enable
Station Type
DTE
Control Field
Modulo 8
Max N1 Frame Size (octets)
256 bytes
Window Size
7
Max N2 Retries
10
Max T1 Acknowledge Timer (seconds)
30 seconds
Max T2 Acknowledge Timer (seconds)
1 seconds
Max T3 Disconnect Timer (seconds)
60 seconds
Initiate Link Setup Action
Active
Enable Rx/Tx/of XID Frames
Disable
Command/Response Address
DTE
WAN Protocol
Standard
Network Link Type
NET2
Idle RR Frames
Off
Table C-5.
IPEX Global Parameters
Parameter
Default
Enable
Enable
Max Message Size
1600
Insert Called DTE Address
Disable
117377-A Rev. A
C-5
Configuring X.25 Services
Table C-6.
IPEX Parameters
IPEX Mapping Parameters
Default
Source Connection Type
None
Mapping Type
None
TCP Circuit Name
None
TCP Header Type
None; used only with X.25 Gateway
Parameters for PVC and SVC
Connections
Default
Source PVC LCN
None; used only with PVC connections
X.121 Called Address
None; used only with SVC connections
Mapping Type
End_to_End
Remote IP Address
None
Remote TCP Port Number
None
Parameters for TCP Connections
Default
Local TCP Port
None
Destination Connection Type
None
Destination PVC LCN
None
Additional Mapping Parameters
Default
Enable
Enable
Source X.121 Address
None
Destination X.121 Address
None
Client Queue Size
Set to the larger of TCP Max Window Size or IPEX Max
Message Size, usually 4096
X.25 Call User Data
None
Idle Session Timer
120 seconds
Keep Alive Retransmit Timer
3 seconds
Keep Alive Retransmit Count
5
C-6
117377-A Rev. A
X.25 Default Parameter Settings
Table C-7.
QLLC Parameters
QLLC Mapping Parameters
Default
Map Entry Name
None
Adjacent DTE/DCE X.121 Address
None
Protocol ID (PID)
0xC3
Adjacent MAC Address
None
Partner DTE/DCE X.121 Address
None
Partner MAC Address
None
Generate XID
Disable
Additional Parameters
Default
Enable
Enable
Adjacent SAP Address
0x04
Partner SAP Address
0x04
Options
Wait
Trace
Disable (0x0)
117377-A Rev. A
C-7
Appendix D
IPEX Cause and Diagnostic Codes
If IPEX receives a Disconnect Request from TCP or a Disconnect Indication from
Packet Layer Protocol (PLP), IPEX forwards the packet with cause and diagnostic
code transparently.
If IPEX detects an error, a Clear Request packet with IPEX specific cause and
diagnostic code is generated and sent to PLP. The lists of IPEX cause and
diagnostic codes follows:
IPEX Originated Cause Code in Disconnect Request Packet
IPEX_X25_CAUSE_OPERATIONAL
0x09
IPEX Originated Diagnostic Codes in Clear Request Packet
Error Condition
IPEX Cause/Diagnostic Code
TCP gate failed.
(0x09, 0x60)
IPEX session failed.
(0x09, 0x61)
IPEX mapping is disabled.
(0x09, 0x62)
IPEX cct is not up.
(0x09, 0x63)
IPEX Originated Diagnostic Codes Due to TCP Error
When IPEX detects a TCP error, it maps the TCP error status code into X.25
diagnostic code by adding 0x20 to TCP error status code.
117377-A Rev. A
D-1
Configuring X.25 Services
The Mapping Table follows:
D-2
Error Condition
TCP Error
IPEX Cause/Diagnostic
Code
Disconnect is per user request.
0x64
(0x09, 0x84)
Disconnect reason is unknown to TCP.
0x65
(0x09, 0x85)
Network management deleted/disabled all of
TCP connection.
0x66
(0x09, 0x86)
The remote TCP disconnected.
0x67
(0x09, 0x87)
TCP Panicked somewhere.
0x68
(0x09, 0x88)
IP registration failed.
0x69
(0x09, 0x89)
Buffer could not be allocated.
0x6a
(0x09, 0x8a)
GAME RPC call timeout with no response.
0x6b
(0x09, 0x8b)
Another connection exists with the same socket 0x6c
definitions.
(0x09, 0x8c)
An unexpected disconnect of the timer gate for 0x6d
this connection occurred.
(0x09, 0x8d)
TCP quit because a maximum number of
0x6e
retries was reached on a (re)transmit without
acknowledgment from the remote TCP system.
(0x09, 0x8e)
An unexpected disconnect of the client transmit
gate for this connection occurred.
0x6f
(0x09, 0x8f)
An unexpected disconnect of the client receive 0x70
gate for this connection occurred.
(0x09, 0x90)
The IP reassembly gate for the given interface
disconnected.
0x71
(0x09, 0x91)
TCP protocol error occurred.
0x72
(0x09, 0x92)
Connection was Idle for too long.
0x73
(0x09, 0x93)
Client was idle for too long.
0x74
(0x09, 0x94)
Out of Sequence SYN received.
0x75
(0x09, 0x95)
TCP function called from wrong gate.
0x76
(0x09, 0x96)
Normal close.
0x77
(0x09, 0x97
Client (Interface) Error.
0x78
(0x09, 0x98)
No response to keep Alive.
0x79
(0x09, 0x99)
117377-A Rev. A
IPEX Cause and Diagnostic Codes
X.25 Originated Cause and Diagnostic Codes Associated
with Clear Request Packets
Error Condition
Cause Code
Self-clearing of virtual circuits
out of order.
Diagnostic Code
Maintenance action.
0x09
0x7a
DTE originated
Maintenance action.
0x00
0x7a
Local procedure error
Call setup or call clearing
problem.
P4_frozen state, T2 expired.
P4_wakeup.
Deregistration of PLP service
user.
Local_calling state receives
call request (DCE).
0x13
0x40
Logical_channel_ready state
receives CCALL, CCLR.
Local procedure error
Not applicable packet in
state p1 (DTE).
0x13
0x14
Logical_channel_ready state
receives CCALL, CCLR.
Local procedure error
Not applicable packet in
state p2 (DCE).
0x13
0x15
P2_remote_calling state
receives CALL, CCALL,
CCLR, Invalid packet.
Local procedure error
Not applicable packet in
state p3 (DTE).
0x13
0x16
P2_local_calling state
receives CCLR, Invalid
packet.
Local procedure error
Not applicable packet in
state p3 (DCE).
0x13
0x16
Local_calling state receives
CCLR, Invalid packet.
Local procedure error
Not applicable packet in
state p2 (DCE).
0x13
0x15
P4 state receives CALL,
CCALL, CCLR.
Local procedure error
Not applicable packet in
state p4.
0x13
0x17
(continued)
117377-A Rev. A
D-3
Configuring X.25 Services
Error Condition
Cause Code
Diagnostic Code
P2_collision state receives
CALL, CCLR, invalid.
Local procedure error
Not applicable packet in
state p5.
0x13
0x18
P2_remote_clearing state
receives CALL, CCALL,
CCLR, invalid
Local procedure error
Not applicable packet in
state p6 (DCE).
0x13
0x19
P2_remote_clearing state
receives CALL, CCLR,
CCALL invalid
Local procedure error
Not applicable packet in
state p7 (DTE).
0x13
0x20
P2_local_calling state watch
Local procedure error
T2 expired.
0x13
Call connected
dog timer expired.
0x31
P2_local_clearing state
Local procedure error
T1 expired.
0x13
Clear confirm watch
dog timer 1st expired.
0x32
P2_SVC_setup state
Local procedure error
T1 expired.
0x13
Reset confirm watch
dog timer 2nd expired.
0x33
Error in PLP2
Error in PLP2
Error in PLP2
Error in PLP2
Error in PLP2
Local procedure error
Unidentifiable packet.
0x13
0x21 (33)
Local procedure error
Too short packet.
0x13
0x26 (38)
Local procedure error
Too long packet.
0x13
0x27 (39)
Local procedure error
Nonzero LCN.
0x13
0x29 (41)
Local procedure error
Not applicable packet in
state px.
0x13
0x13 + px
(continued)
D-4
117377-A Rev. A
IPEX Cause and Diagnostic Codes
Error Condition
Cause Code
Diagnostic Code
Error in PLP2
Local procedure error
Improper cause code
from DTE.
0x13
0x51 (82)
Error in PLP2
Local procedure error
0x13
Not acceptable
intermediate packet
length.
OX40 (64)
Error in PLP2
Local procedure error
Packet not conformant
with requested facility.
0x13
0x2a
Error in PLP2
Local procedure error
Nonzero address length
field.
0x13
0x4a
Error in PLP2
Error in PLP2
Unknown called address
Null
0x0d
0x00
Local procedure error
Invalid called DTE
address.
0x13
0x43
Error in PLP2
Local procedure error
Invalid calling DTE
address.
0x13
0x44
Error in PLP2
Error in PLP2
Error in PLP2
Invalid facility request
Unknown facility code.
0x03
0x41
Local procedure error
Duplicated facility code.
0x13
0x49
Invalid facility request
Facility parameter not
allowed.
0x03
0x42
(continued)
117377-A Rev. A
D-5
Configuring X.25 Services
Error Condition
Cause Code
Diagnostic Code
Error in PLP2
Local procedure error
Exceeding facility length.
0x13
0x45
Access barred
Not both way or one way
incoming LC.
Error in PLP2
0x0b
0x46
Error in PLP2
Error in p1_local_restart.
Access barred
Null
0x0b
0x00
Invalid facility
Not available facility
service.
0x03
0x4d
Negotiation Error in call
request packet in p1 state.
Local procedure error
Facility parameter not
allowed.
0x13
0x42
p2_remote_calling state timer Out of order
expired.
0x09
Call setup or clearing
problem.
0x40
p2_local_calling state zt4
expired.
Local procedure error
Call setup or clearing
problem.
0x13
0x40
D-6
117377-A Rev. A
IPEX Cause and Diagnostic Codes
X.25 Originated Cause and Diagnostic Codes Associated
with Restart Packets
Error Condition
Cause Code
Diagnostic Code
Invalid event in state r1.
Local procedure error
Packet type invalid for r1.
0x01
0x11 (17)
Local procedure error
Not applicable packet in
state r2 (DCE).
Invalid event in state r2.
0x01
0x12 (18)
Invalid event in state r3.
Local procedure error
Not applicable packet in
state r3 (DTE).
0x01
0x13 (19)
Local Restart state,
watchdog timer expiration.
Local procedure error
Confirmation watchdog
timer first expiration.
0x01
0x34 (52)
Error in p1_local_restart.
Local procedure error
Reject supported but not
subscribed to.
0x01
(0x21 (33)
Error in p1_local_restart.
Error in p1_local_restart.
Error in p1_local_restart.
Error in p1_local_restart.
Invalid packet.
Local procedure error
Unidentifiable packet.
0x01
0x26 (38)
Local procedure error
Too short packet.
0x01
0x26 (38)
Local procedure error
Too long packet.
0x01
0x27 (39)
Local procedure error
Nonzero LCN.
0x01
0x29 (41)
Local procedure error
Not applicable packet in
state r2.
0x01
0x12 (18)
(continued)
117377-A Rev. A
D-7
Configuring X.25 Services
Error Condition
Cause Code
Diagnostic Code
In P1 restart local/remote
state receives Reset Ind.
Network Operational
0x07
No additional information.
0x00
In P1 DTE_DXE_wait state
receives error packet or T4
expired.
DTE originated
0x00
No additional information.
0x00
X.25 Originated Cause and Diagnostic Codes Associated
with Diagnostic Packets
Error Condition
Cause Code
Diagnostic Code
Local restart state, watchdog
timer second expiration.
DTE originated
Confirmation watchdog
timer second expiration.
0x00
0x34 (52)
Invalid packet in p1.
Invalid packet in p1.
Invalid packet in p1.
Invalid packet in p1.
Invalid packet in p1.
DTE originated
Unidentifiable packet.
0x00
0x21 (40)
DTE originated
Too short packet.
0x00
0x26 (38)
DTE originated
Invalid bits 5-8 (GFI).
0x00
0x28 (40)
DTE originated
Invalid LCN.
0x00
0x24 (40)
DTE originated
Too long packet.
0x00
0x27 (39)
P2_local_clearing state. Clear DTE originated
confirm watchdog timer
second expired.
0x00
Clear confirm watchdog
timer second expired.
0x32
D-8
117377-A Rev. A
IPEX Cause and Diagnostic Codes
X.25 Originated Cause and Diagnostic Codes Associated
with Reset Packets
Error Condition
Cause Code
Diagnostic Code
Local Restart state.
User defined
User defined
0xxx
0xxx
Local procedure error
Confirmation watchdog
timer first expiration.
1. P3_local_reset state T1
expired.
0x05
0x33 (51)
2. P4_disabled-T1 expired.
P3_flow_control_ready state
received Reset Confirm.
Local procedure error
Not applicable packet in
state d1.
0x05
0x1b (27)
P3 _remote_reset state
received Reset Confirm or
invalid packet.
Local procedure error
Not applicable packet in
state d2 (DCE).
0x05
0x1c (28)
P3_local reset state received
Reset Confirm.
Local procedure error
Not applicable packet in
state d3 (DTE).
0x05
0x1d (29)
1. Error in p3_local_reset.
Local procedure error
Unidentifiable packet.
2. Error in P4_disabled.
0x05
0x21 (33)
1. Error in p3_local_reset.
Local procedure error
2. Error in p4_disabled.
0x05
Reject but not subscribed
to.
0x25 (37)
1. Error in p3_local_reset.
Local procedure error
Too short packet.
2. Error in p4_disabled.
0x05
0x26 (38)
1. Error in p3_local_reset.
Local procedure error
Too long packet.
2. Error in p4_disabled.
0x05
0x27 (39)
1. Error in p3_local_reset.
Local procedure error
Nonzero LCN.
2. Error in p4_disabled.
0x05
0x29 (41)
(continued)
117377-A Rev. A
D-9
Configuring X.25 Services
Error Condition
Cause Code
Diagnostic Code
Error in p3_local_reset.
Local procedure error
Not applicable packet in
state dx (DCE).
0x05
0x1b +dx
Error in p3_local_reset.
Local procedure error
Not applicable packet in
state dx (DCE).
0x05
0x1b +d?
1.Error in p3_local_reset.
Local procedure error
2. Error in p4_disabled.
0x05
Forbidden packet on
PVC.
0x23
Error in p3_local_reset.
Error in p3_local_reset.
Error in p3_local_reset.
Error in p3_local_reset.
Local procedure error
Bad PS.
0x05
0x01
Local procedure error
Bad PR.
0x05
0x02
Local procedure error
Bad Q bit.
0x05
0x53
Local procedure error
Improper case code from
DTE.
0x05
0x51
INTR in p5_remote_interrup
state.
Local procedure error
Not applicable interrupt
packet in this state.
0x05
0x2c
CINTR in p5_remote_interrup Local procedure error
state.
0x05
Not applicable interrupt
confirm packet in this
state.
0x2b
CINTR in p5_remote_interrup Not usable PVC
state.
0x1d
Not used.
0x00
(continued)
D-10
117377-A Rev. A
IPEX Cause and Diagnostic Codes
Error Condition
Cause Code
Diagnostic Code
Error in p4_disabled bad ps,
pr, q bit, cause.
Network disorder
Not used.
0x00
Error in p4_disabled timer.
Reset confirm. Watch dog
timer second expired.
Not used
Reset confirm. Watch
dog second expired.
0x00
0x33
117377-A Rev. A
D-11
Index
A
Acceptance Format parameter, 2-3, 4-23
Add Circuit window, 3-2
adding network service records, 3-11
adjacent device, 1-22
Adjacent DTE/DCE X.121 Address parameter,
7-7
Adjacent MAC Address parameter, 7-7
Adjacent SAP Address parameter, 7-9
AN/ASN routers
configuring LAPB, 1-5, 2-4
defaults for synchronous line parameters, 2-5
B
Bay Networks Press, xix
Bidirectional SVC LCN Start parameter, 3-9,
4-11
Blacker front-end (BFE) network
address type, 3-6, 4-7
description of, 1-6
enabling and disabling, 4-36
BN routers with Octal Sync, configuring LAPB,
1-5
BN/VME routers, defaults for synchronous line
parameters, 2-5
BofL parameter, default setting, 2-5
boundary, message, 1-20
Broadcast parameter, 4-31
117377-A Rev. A
C
call processing
determining X.121 destination, 1-9
generating call requests, 1-10
transmitting data, 1-11
call request packet format, 1-10
Call Retry parameter, 4-33
CCITT Conformance parameter, 4-24
Charging Information parameter, 4-22
Client Queue Size parameter, 6-18
Client Response Timer parameter, 4-25
clocking sources for X.25, 2-2
compression. See data compression
Configuration Manager window, 4-2
Configuration Manager window with IPEX
Protocols Menu, 6-2
congestion, 1-15
Connection ID parameter, 3-15, 4-29
connector, selecting, 3-2
CUG Bilateral Selection parameter, 4-21
CUG Facility Format parameter, 4-38
CUG Facility Type parameter, 4-38
CUG Number parameter, 4-39
CUG Outgoing Access parameter, 4-20
CUG Selection parameter, 4-20
customer support
programs, xix
Technical Solutions Centers, xx
Index-1
D
data circuit-terminating equipment. See DCE
data compression, enabling, 2-1, 4-31
data terminal equipment. See DTE
data transmission (X.25), 1-11
DCE, description of, 1-1
DDN (defense data network)
BFE network, enabling and disabling, 4-36
description of, 1-6
enabling and disabling, 3-6, 4-7
service type, 2-5
specifying as X.25 service type, 3-13, 4-28
DDN BFE parameter, 4-36
DDN IP Address parameter, 3-7, 4-8
Default DDN Service window, 4-27
Default Tx/Rx Pkt Length parameter, 4-9
Default Tx/Rx Window Size parameter, 4-9
defaults
IPEX parameters, C-6
QLLC parameters, C-7
X.25 global parameter, C-1
X.25 network service record parameters, C-4
deleting
IPEX from the router, 6-22
IPEX mapping table entries, 6-21
QLLC, 7-12
Destination Connection Type parameter, 6-16
Destination X.121 Address parameter, 6-18
DLSw, 1-21, 7-1
DTE, description of, 1-1
E
Edit X.25 Global Parameters window, 4-3
editing
global parameter, 4-2
network service record parameters, 4-25
packet-level parameters, 4-4
Index-2
Enable 1356 Multiplexing parameter, 3-15, 4-31
Enable Compression parameter, 4-31
Enable parameter
global, 4-3
IPEX (global), 6-3
IPEX (mapping), 6-17
packet-level, 4-6
QLLC (mapping), 7-9
service record, 4-28
enabling
data compression, 4-31
X.25 services, 3-1
Ethernet, 1-13
F
Fast Select Accept parameter, 4-18, 4-35
Fast Select parameter, 4-19
Fast Select Request parameter, 4-35
FDDI, 1-13
First PVC LCN parameter, 3-16, 6-6
flow control, 1-15, 2-3, 4-14, 4-34
Flow Control Negotiation parameter, 2-3, 4-14
Flow Facility parameter, 2-4, 4-34
Full Addressing parameter, 4-22
G
Generate XID parameter, 7-8
global parameter, editing, 4-2
H
HDLC (High-level Data Link Control), 1-4
I
Idle Session Timer parameter, 6-19
117377-A Rev. A
Incoming Calls Accept parameter, 4-18
Incoming SVC LCN Start parameter, 3-8, 4-11
Insert Called DTE Address parameter
IPEX (global), 6-4
IP (Internet Protocol), 1-14
IP Encapsulation of X.25. See IPEX
IPEX (IP Encapsulation of X.25)
connection sequence, 1-16
connection summary, 1-18
description of, 1-6
global parameters
Enable, 6-3
Max Message Size, 6-3
mapping example, A-1
mapping parameters, 6-4, 6-13
mapping table, 6-4
mapping types, 1-18
mapping, configuring, 6-4
network interfaces, 1-14
overview, 1-13
parameters, global
Insert Called DTE Address, 6-4
PLP facilities supported, 1-16
roles of X.25 and TCP protocol stacks, 1-19
sample network topology, 1-13
single-node switching, A-4
troubleshooting, D-1
tunneling levels, 1-14
IPEX Mapping Parameters window for PVC,
6-12
IPEX Mapping Parameters window for SVC,
6-12
IPEX Mapping Parameters window for TCP, 6-13
IPEX Mapping Table Configuration window, 6-7
IPEX Mapping Type window, 6-8
ISDN D channel, 2-8
K
Keep Alive Retransmit Count parameter, 6-20
Keep Alive Retransmit Timer parameter, 6-20
117377-A Rev. A
L
LAN media, 1-13
LAPB (Link Access Procedure Balanced)
description of, 1-4, 5-1
for AN or ASN routers, 2-4
parameters
Command/Response Address, 5-6
Control Field, 5-3
Enable, 5-3
Enable Rx/Tx of XID Frames, 5-6
Idle RR Frames, 5-7
Initiate Link Setup Action, 5-6
Max N1 Frame Size (octets), 5-4
Max N2 Retries, 5-4
Max T1 Acknowledge Timer (seconds), 5-5
Max T2 Acknowledge Timer (seconds), 5-5
Max T3 Disconnect Timer (seconds), 5-5
Network Link Type, 5-7
Station Type, 5-3
WAN Protocol, 5-7
Window Size, 5-4
layer 3 (PLP) interface, 1-15
LCNs, 1-12
Link Access Procedure Balanced. See LAPB
Link Address Type parameter, 3-5
LN routers with Octal Sync, configuring LAPB,
1-5
load sharing, 2-2
Local Addr parameter, default setting, 2-5
local switching, A-4
Local TCP Port parameter, 6-15
logical channel numbers. See LCNs
M
Map Entry Name parameter, 7-6
mapping
IPEX, 1-18, 6-4
parameters
IPEX, 6-4, 6-13
Index-3
QLLC, 7-6
QLLC, 1-22
table
adding a QLLC entry, 7-4
adding an IPEX entry, 6-4
deleting IPEX entries, 6-21
deleting QLLC entries, 7-12
editing IPEX entries, 6-21
editing QLLC entries, 7-12
Mapping Type parameter, 6-11
Max Connections parameter, 2-2, 4-32
Max Idle (Mins) parameter, 4-33
Max Message Size parameter
IPEX (global), 6-3
Max Packet Length parameter, 2-3, 4-6, 4-15
Max Throughput Class parameter, 4-17
Max Window Size parameter, 2-3, 4-6, 4-15
maximum transmission unit. See MTU
M-bit support, 1-20
menu, WAN Protocols, 3-3
message boundary, 1-20
message-based protocol, 1-19
Min Frame Spacing parameter, default setting,
2-5
MTU (maximum transmission unit), 1-20
MTU parameter, default setting, 2-5
multiplexing, RFC 1356, 2-6, 3-15
N
Network Address Type parameter, 3-6, 4-7
Network Control Program Packet Switching
Interface. See NPSI
network layer protocols, 1-5
network service records
adding, 3-11
deleting, 4-39
editing, 4-25
network services
Index-4
Blacker front-end, 1-6
DDN, 1-6
IPEX, 1-6
QLLC, 1-6
X.25 Gateway, 1-6
Network Standard parameter, 4-24
Network User Identification parameter, 4-17
NPSI, 1-21
Number of Bidirectional SVC Channels
parameter, 3-9, 4-11
Number of Incoming SVC Channels parameter,
3-8, 4-10
Number of Outgoing SVC Channels parameter,
3-9, 4-12
Number of PVC Channels parameter, 3-7, 4-10
Number of PVC LCN parameter, 3-16, 6-7
O
Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Basic
Reference Model, 1-2
Options parameter, 7-10
Outgoing Calls Accept parameter, 4-18
Outgoing SVC LCN Start parameter, 3-10, 4-12
P
Packet Layer Protocol. See PLP
Packet Size parameter, 2-4, 3-17, 4-6, 4-35
PAD (packet assembler/disassembler),
description of, 1-2
parameters
defaults, C-1
editing, 4-1
global, Enable, 4-3
IPEX
Client Queue Size, 6-18
Destination Connection Type, 6-16
Destination X.121 Address, 6-18
Enable (global), 6-3
Enable (mapping), 6-17
117377-A Rev. A
Idle Session Timer, 6-19
Insert Called DTE Address (global), 6-4
Keep Alive Retransmit Count, 6-20
Keep Alive Retransmit Timer, 6-20
Local TCP Port, 6-15
Mapping Type, 6-11
Max Message Size (global), 6-3
Remote IP Address, 6-15
Remote TCP Port Number, 6-15
Source Connection Type, 6-9
Source PVC LCN, 6-14
Source X.121 Address, 6-17
X.121 Called Address, 6-14
X.25 Call User Data, 6-19
LAPB
Command/Response Address, 5-6
Control Field, 5-3
Enable, 5-3
Enable Rx/Tx of XID, 5-6
Idle RR Frames, 5-7
Initiate Link Setup Action, 5-6
Max N1 Frame Size, 5-4
Max N2 Retries, 5-4
Max T1 Acknowledge Timer, 5-5
Max T2 Acknowledge Timer, 5-5
Max T3 Disconnect TImer, 5-5
Network Link Type, 5-7
Station Type, 5-3
WAN Protocol, 5-7
Window Size, 5-4
network service record
Broadcast, 4-31
Call Retry, 4-33
Connection ID, 3-15, 4-29
CUG Facility Format, 4-38
CUG Facility Type, 4-38
CUG Number, 4-39
DDN BFE, 4-36
Enable, 4-28
Enable 1356 Multiplexing, 3-15, 4-31
Enable Compression, 4-31
Fast Select Accept, 4-35
Fast Select Request, 4-35
First PVC LCN, 3-16, 6-6
117377-A Rev. A
Flow Facility, 2-4, 4-34
Max Connections, 2-2, 4-32
Max Idle (Mins), 4-33
Number of PVC LCN, 3-16, 6-7
Packet Size, 2-4, 3-17, 4-35
Precedence, 4-32
PVC LCN, 4-29
Remote IP Address, 3-14, 4-30
Remote X.121 Address/E.164 Address,
3-14
Remote X.121/E.164 Address, 4-30, 7-3
Reverse Charge Accept, 4-36
Reverse Charge Request, 4-36
Service VC Type, 3-16, 4-29
Type, 3-13, 4-28
User Facility (hex), 4-37
Window Size, 2-4, 3-17, 4-34
packet level
Acceptance Format, 2-3, 4-23
Bidirectional SVC LCN Start, 3-9, 4-11
CCITT Conformance, 4-24
Charging Information, 4-22
Client Response Timer, 4-25
CUG Bilateral Selection, 4-21
CUG Outgoing Access, 4-20
CUG Selection, 4-20
DDN IP Address, 3-7, 4-8
Default Tx/Rx Pkt Length, 4-9
Default Tx/Rx Window Size, 4-9
Enable, 4-6
Fast Select, 4-19
Fast Select Accept, 4-18
Flow Control Negotiation, 2-3, 4-14
Full Addressing, 4-22
Incoming Calls Accept, 4-18
Incoming SVC LCN Start, 3-8, 4-11
Link Address Type, 3-5
Max Packet Length, 2-3, 4-15
Max Throughput Class, 4-17
Max Window Size, 2-3, 4-15
Network Address Type, 3-6, 4-7
Network Standard, 4-24
Network User Identification, 4-17
Index-5
Number of Bidirectional SVC Channels,
3-9, 4-11
Number of Incoming SVC Channels, 3-8,
4-10
Number of Outgoing SVC Channels, 3-9,
4-12
Number of PVC Channels, 3-7, 4-10
Outgoing Calls Accept, 4-18
Outgoing SVC LCN Start, 3-10, 4-12
PDN X.121/E.164 Address, 4-7
PDN X.121E.164 Address, 3-6
PVC LCN Start, 3-8, 4-10
Release Format, 2-3, 4-23
Restart Procedure Type, 4-8
Reverse Charge Accept, 4-19
Reverse Charging, 4-19
RPOA Selection, 4-21
Sequence Size, 4-8
Statistics Computation, 4-25
T1 Timer, 4-13
T2 Timer, 4-13
T3 Timer, 4-13
T4 Timer, 4-14
Throughput Class Negotiation, 4-17
Transit Delay, 4-22
Tx/Rx Throughput Class, 4-16
Use Default Service COnfiguration, 4-12
Use Default Service Configuration, 3-10
QLLC
Adjacent DTE/DCE/X.121 Address, 7-7
Adjacent MAC Address, 7-7
Adjacent SAP Address, 7-9
Enable, 7-9
Generate XID, 7-8
Map Entry Name, 7-6
Options, 7-10
Partner DTE/DCE X.121 Address, 7-8
Partner MAC Address, 7-8
Partner SAP Address, 7-10
Protocol ID (PID), 7-7
trace, 7-11
synchronous line, 2-5
partner device, 1-22
Index-6
Partner DTE/DCE X.121 Address parameter, 7-8
Partner MAC Address parameter, 7-8
Partner SAP Address parameter, 7-10
PDN (public data network)
description of, 1-2, 1-6
enabling and disabling, 3-6, 4-7
specifying as X.25 service type, 3-13, 4-28
PDN X.121/E.164 Address parameter, 3-6, 4-7
permanent virtual circuits. See PVCs
PLP, 1-14
Point-to-Point X.25 service. See PtoP
port, TCP, 1-15, 6-15
Precedence parameter, 4-32
Promiscuous parameter, default setting, 2-5
protocol
IP, 1-14
message-based (X.25), 1-19
TCP, 1-19
unstructured stream (TCP), 1-19
X.25, 1-19
X.25 layer 3, 1-14
Protocol ID (PID) parameter, 7-7
PtoP (Point-to-Point)
description of, 1-6, 2-8
specifying as X.25 service type, 3-13, 4-28
public data network. See PDN
publications, ordering, xix
PVC LCN parameter, 4-29
PVC LCN Start parameter, 3-8, 4-10
PVCs
configuring for LAN services, 1-7
definition of, 1-7
Q
Q-bit (Qualified Data bit), 1-20
QLLC (Qualified Logic Link Control)
description of, 1-6
QLLC (Qualified Logical Link Control)
117377-A Rev. A
and DLSw, 1-21
configuration examples, B-1
configuring, 7-1
description of, 1-20
mapping, 1-22
mapping table, 7-2
parameters, coordinating X.25 packet size with
DLSw frame size, 1-23
QLLC Mapping Parameters window, 7-5
QLLC Mapping Table Configuration window, 7-4
Qualified Logical Link Control. See QLLC
R
Release Format parameter, 2-3, 4-23
Remote Addr parameter, default setting, 2-5
Remote IP Address parameter, 3-14, 4-30, 6-15
Remote TCP Port Number parameter, 6-15
Remote X.121/E.164 Address parameter, 3-14,
4-30, 7-3
Restart Procedure Type parameter, 4-8
Reverse Charge Accept parameter, 4-19, 4-36
Reverse Charge Request parameter, 4-36
Reverse Charging parameter, 4-19
RFC 1356 multiplexing, 2-6, 3-15
RPOA Selection parameter, 4-21
S
sending data across X.25 WAN, 1-11
Sequence Size parameter, 4-8
Service parameter, default setting, 2-5
Service VC Type parameter, 3-16, 4-29
single-node switching, A-4
socket, 1-15, 1-18
Source Connection Type parameter, 6-9
Source PVC LCN parameter, 6-14
Source X.121 Address parameter, 6-17
Statistics Computation parameter, 4-25
117377-A Rev. A
stream protocol (TCP), 1-19
SVCs (switched virtual circuits)
and IPEX, 1-13
definition of, 1-7
switching, single-node, A-4
Sync Polling parameter, default setting, 2-5
synchronous line parameters, default settings, 2-5
T
T1 Timer parameter, 4-13
T2 Timer parameter, 4-13
T3 Timer parameter, 4-13
T4 Timer parameter, 4-14
TCP
interface, 1-15
large data messages, 1-20
port number, 1-15, 6-15
protocol stack, 1-19
socket, 1-18
unstructured stream protocol, 1-19
Technical Solutions Centers, xx
Technician Interface, 4-1, 6-1, 7-1
Throughput Class Negotiation parameter, 4-17
Token Ring, 1-13
Trace parameter, 7-11
Transit Delay parameter, 4-22
Transmission Control Protocol. See TCP
transmission unit, maximum, 1-20
Transmit Window Size parameter, default setting,
2-5
transmitting data across X.25 network, 1-11
tunneling (IPEX), 1-14
Tx/Rx Throughput Class parameter, 4-16
Type parameter, 3-13, 4-28
U
Use Default Service Configuration parameter,
3-10, 4-12
Index-7
User Facility (hex) parameter, 4-37
V
Values list window, 6-13, 7-6
VC (virtual circuit)
description of, 1-5
established by router, 1-10
switched, 1-13
W
WAN Protocol parameter, default setting, 2-5
WAN Protocols menu, 3-3
window
Add Circuit, 3-2
Values list, 6-13, 7-6
X.25 Packet Config, 3-4
X.25 Service, 3-12
X.25 Service Configuration, 3-11
Window Size parameter, 2-4, 3-17, 4-6, 4-34
windows
Configuration Manager, 4-2
Configuration Manager with IPEX Protocols
Menu, 6-2
Default DDN Service, 4-27
Edit X.25 Global Parameters, 4-3
IPEX Mapping Parameters, 6-12
IPEX Mapping Parameters for SVC, 6-12
IPEX Mapping Parameters for TCP, 6-13
IPEX Mapping Table Configuration, 6-7
IPEX Mapping Type, 6-8
QLLC Mapping Parameters, 7-5
QLLC Mapping Table Configuration, 7-4
X.25 Packet Level Edit, 4-5
X25 Service, 6-5, 7-2
X25 Service Configuration, 4-26
X
X.121 Called Address parameter, 6-14
X.121 destination addresses, 1-9
X.25
deleting from router, 4-39
large data messages, 1-20
layer 3 (PLP) interface, 1-14
protocol stack, 1-19
X.25 Call User Data parameter, 6-19
X.25 Gateway, description of, 1-6
X.25 over the ISDN D channel, 2-8
X.25 Packet Config window, 3-4
X.25 Packet Level Edit window, 4-5
X.25 Service Configuration window, 3-11
X.25 Service window, 3-12
X25 Service Configuration window, 4-26
X25 Service window, 6-5, 7-2
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