poultry every

poultry every
LIGHTING
SOLUTIONS
EVERY
POULTRY
APPLICATION
STERNA
SPECIFICATIONS
»»
»»
»»
»»
10W - 820 lumen
Even light distribution
Uniform egg production
Less mortality
COATED SURFACES
facing the cages for
maximum animal welfare
STRIX
BUTEO
WOW
»»
»»
»»
»»
»»
»»
»»
»»
»»
»»
»»
»»
»»
96VDC
0% - 100%
48VDC
28W - 2750 lumen
36W - 3200 lumen
2900K light colour
48VDC
2.1W per meter
2900K light colour
160 lumen per meter
60,000h lifetime
7W - 940 lumen
Waterproof IP67
Dimmable
»» Flicker-free
solution
»» 50,000h lifetime
Replace your old bulbs with
our new E27 solution. Start
saving money on energy bills
right away.
NEW: BUBO ECO
»» 1.7W / 2.3W / 3W / 5.4W
»» Even light distribution
»» Uniform egg production
»» Plug & play installation
»» NEW MODELS AVAILABLE
Performance of laying hens is highly
depending on the poultry house equipment used. Lighting plays a vital role.
HOW LAYERS CAN BENEFIT
FROM AN OPTIMISED
LIGHT CLIMATE
deep-brain photoreceptors
affects biological processes such
as reproduction. Optimising the
influence of light, optimising
biological processes and
stimulating natural behaviour
will help improve production
and improve animal welfare.
Light may not greatly improve
production such as feed or
ventilation, but a bad light
climate threatens production.
PHOTOPERIOD BASICS
by Stefan Lepelaars
Application Specialist
HATO Agricultural Lighting
www.hato.lighting
The light climate consists of the
photoperiod, the light intensity,
the light spectrum, the light
distribution and the light source.
Getting all these factors right
will create an optimal light
climate.
The photoperiod is the
daylength, the opposite of the
scotoperiod; the night. Artificial
lighting is a necessity when you
want to use photoperiod as a
tool to optimise production. In
general there are three different
periods in a layer’s life which
require a specific photoperiod.
The first period, which
basically consists of the first
one or two days right after the
pullets have left their eggs,
requires a long photoperiod of
23 hours. A long photoperiod
is needed in order to provide
the newly hatched pullets with
enough time to find water and
feed and to set a big step in
their adaptation to their new
Lighting is extremely
important in layer management
and in general overlooked even
though lighting controls the
biological clock; the biorhythm
of the chicken.
Light is a powerful external
stimulus which passes through
the eyes and affects the
photoreceptors in the retina. It
influences bird behaviour such
as social behaviour and overall
activity.
DEEP-BRAIN PHOTORECEPTORS
85
70
55
40
25
16
24
32
PHOTOSTIMULATION
ADAPTATION AND LIGHT
The hens get photostimulated
by increasing the photoperiod
from circa 9 hours to 10 - 11
hours for white layers and to 13
- 14 hours for brown layers.
Photostimulation consists of
activating biological processes,
in this case sexual maturation,
with the use of (an increase in
The right light intensity and
the right light distribution are
two other important factors
in creating the optimal light
climate. Paired with along
photoperiod during the first 48
hours, a high light intensity aids
your pullets in finding feed ..
0,8
0,8
0,7
Warmwhite LED
HUMAN
POULTRY
0,2
Continued on page 4
0,7
0,6
Coldwhite LED
0,5
HUMAN
0,4
POULTRY
0,3
0,2
0,1
0
72
photoperiod) light.
Light reaching the deep-brain
photoreceptors stimulates a
hormonal cascade affecting the
reproductive system; realising
sexual maturation. Increasing
the photoperiod in one or in
multiple steps does not make
a difference in egg production
(see Fig. 1).
Choose the one you are most
comfortable with. However
do not exceed the advised 11
hours for white layers or the 14
hours for brown layers; your
production will not improve, but
your electricity bill will be higher.
1
0,3
64
environment.
The goal of the second
period, the rearing period,
is to get the layer to the
right bodyweight before
photostimulation which is
needed for sexual maturation.
To avoid photostimulation
during the rearing period a
short photoperiod of circa 9
hours must be applied.
After circa 16 weeks the
pullets are transferred to the
layer house and the third
period starts. This period – the
production period – is all about
photostimulation.
0,9
0,4
56
increments (red) from 8 - 14 hours at 18 weeks of age (unpublished data, University of Guelph).
1
0,5
48
Fig. 1. Rate of lay for laying hens transferred abruptly (blue), or in a series of 30 minute
0,9
0,6
40
Age (weeks)
RELATIVE SENSITIVITY
RELATIVE SENSITIVITY
Apart from the eyes, light
passes through the skull. It
reaches photoreceptors in the
hypothalamus, in the pineal
gland, in the preoptic area and
in the lateral septal organ.
Light which reaches these
100
rate of lay (%)
Layer health, laying rate, egg
weight, egg quality, feed intake,
feed conversion rate and even
animal welfare are all affected
by the light climate. Due to
40 years of experience, HATO
Agricultural Lighting is an expert
in agricultural lighting. All of
the knowledge compiled in the
HATO Light Academy enables
HATO Agricultrual Lighting to
provide lighting solutions for
literally everyone.
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
WAVELENGTH (nm)
650
700
750
800
Fig 2. WARMWHITE LED
Fig 3. COLDWHITE LED
0,1
Human versus poultry
Human versus poultry
0
spectral sensitivity
spectral sensitivity
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
WAVELENGTH (nm)
650
700
750
800
Continued from page 3
.. and water and in their
adaptation to their new
home. After the first 48 hours
light intensity is generally
decreased to circa 10 - 15 lux
and regulated based on bird
behaviour.
Post transfer (start of
the production period) light
intensity may be higher if
you want to ensure proper
photostimulation. Do not lower
light intensity below 10 - 15 lux
as a precaution. Lowering your
light intensity is a tool with
which you can decrease activity
as a response to unwanted
behaviour, such as feather
pecking.
You lose lowering your light
intensity - dimming - as a tool
when you start off with a light
intensity lower than 10-15 lux.
GET THE RIGHT LIGHT AT THE
RIGHT PLACE
The average light intensity in
your house may differ though.
It is important to get the right
light at the right place. You can
divide a house in two different
types of areas; an activity area
and a resting area.
In traditional cage housing
the feed gutter is the activity
area, however in an aviary, the
feeding area and the litter area
are the main activity areas. These activity areas must
have a proper light distribution,
meaning no bright spots and
shadows in order to prevent
floor eggs and clustering.
Resting areas –mainly
nesting areas –must have lower
light intensities than the activity
areas. They must not be in
total darkness, as a low light
intensity is more inviting to
layers to rest or lay eggs.
The area below the aviary is
prone to floor eggs. A very high
light intensity may provide the
stimulus that prevents layers
from laying eggs there.
of the spectrum – there is a
difference in the perception of
light intensity.
Almost every part of the
spectrum is perceived higher
by poultry than by humans.
Due to this poultry perceive
light differently than humans.
This means different spectrums
lead to a different outcome in
intensity perception.
Fig. 2, 3 and 4 show how
different spectrums affect
poultry intensity perception.
SPECTRAL SENSITIVITY
DAYLIGHT SIMULATION
Poultry see the world
differently than we humans do.
This is due to the difference
between our eyes. Eyes contain
cones and rods, these are
photoreceptor cells.
Cones are responsible
for sight in photopic, well-lit,
conditions. Cones realise
colour vision. Poultry have
four different kind of cones,
whereas humans have three
different kind of cones. The
fourth cone is responsible for
vision in the ultraviolet part of
the light spectrum.
Apart from the fact that
poultry have an additional
fourth cone, the cones have a
greater spectral sensitivity than
those of humans.
Because of the difference
in spectral sensitivity to
the different wavelengths –
including the ultraviolet part
An optimal light spectrum is
mandatory for chickens. The
natural provided spectrum is
that of daylight which is ought
to be the most optimal (see Fig.
5 for the natural spectrum of
daylight).
Longer wavelengths which
are capable of penetrating the
skin, feathers and eventually
the skull, are needed for
proper stimulation of sexual
maturation.
Shorter wavelengths are
not capable of finding their
way through the avian skull.
They are however part of the
natural daylight spectrum and
therefore needed in order
to provide the hen with an
optimal light climate.
The provided light climate
needs to match the needs of
the chicken. A light climate
which does not respond to
the hen’s specific spectrum
needs will degrade the hen’s
ability to distinguish details and
therefore optimal usage of the
environment will degrade as
well.
A spectrum close to
that of natural daylight
stimulates natural behaviour.
Monochromatic colour lighting
degrades the hen’s vision
due to a minimal available
spectrum.
However, when you want
to degrade the hen’s vision
to decrease the hen’s activity,
monochromatic colour lighting
is an important tool to have.
CONCLUSION
Enabling optimal vision,
stimulating activity and
photostimulating sexual
maturation are only three of
many factors in layer housing
which are affected directly by
light.
The most successful
light program and the most
optimised light climate will
match the hen’s environmental
needs and aid in optimal egg
production. Most problems in
layer housing, such as feather
pecking are multifactorial
though and must be treated
like that.
Light proves to be a valuable
asset of your climate
management.
100
1
0,9
DAYLIGHT
80
0,7
0,6
INTENSITY
RELATIVE SENSITIVITY
0,8
Fluorescent
0,5
HUMAN
0,4
POULTRY
0,3
40
20
0,2
Fig 3. Fluorescent
0,1
0
60
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
WAVELENGTH (nm)
650
700
750
800
Human versus poultry
spectral sensitivity
Fig 5. Natural daylight
spectrum
0
400
500
600
WAVELENGTH (nm)
700
CO
RAX
XL
CO
ver
MIN
sion
G S
OO
for
bre
ede
N!
r ho
use
MEET THE CORAX
The CORAX: the standard for today’s agricultural lighting applications
as confirmed by many users worldwide. This HATO product is
applicable to broiler-, layer- and pig- houses. It has an optimal light
distribution to prevent clustering which stimulates uniform growth.
»»
»»
»»
»»
»»
»»
Waterproof IP67
white, red, blue and/or green light
Dimmable 0% - 100%
Flicker-free solution
60,000h lifetime
»» NOW AVAILABLE: CORAX DDS
No voltage fluctuation issues
Different combination options:
Dynamic Daylight Spectrum: this poultry specific
spectrum mimics daylight to stimulate natural behavior
HATO GALLILUX METER
1
Poultry reacts differently to light than people.
chromate: besides the primary colours (blue,
green and red) they see an extra peak in the
ultraviolet range. The HATO gallilux meter
measures light as poultry perceives it.
A must have for every poultry specialist!
0,8
RELATIVE SENSITIVITY
The visible spectrum is wider. Poultry is tetra
0,9
0,7
0,6
0,5
HUMAN
0,4
POULTRY
0,3
0,2
0,1
0
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
WAVELENGTH (nm)
CORAX
s
PUL
SA
XL
CO
ver
MIN
sion
for
G S
OO
bre
ede
BROILER SOLUTIONS
PULSA
SPECIFICATIONS
Major difference with the CORAX is the fact that
»»
»»
»»
»»
»»
»»
»»
9W - 940 lumen
thanks to the T-connector the PULSA can be easily
Safe 48VDC installation, plug & play
installed by making use of plug & play installation.
No voltage fluctuation issues
High pressure cleaning IP67
LIGHT COLOUR
options
0% - 100% dimmable
60,000h lifetime
Flicker-free solution
SURNIA
»»
»»
»»
»»
10W - 925 lumen
No voltage fluctuation issues
Ideal for low ceiling houses
Perfect light climate
Thanks to the strategically placed LED’s this lamp ensures the
best light spread in low ceiling (max 2.2m) broiler houses.
KEEP YOUR ELECTRONICS SAFE
Since it can be dusty and moisty in a poultry house,
your power supplies need to be protected correctly.
The PSH2 and PSH small ensure an IP65 water- and
dust protection; probleem free lighting ensured!
PSH2
For more information please contact sales@hato.lighting or have a look at www.hato.lighting for a free light plan
PSH small
N!
r ho
use
s
OPTIMIZE YOUR
BROILER PRODUCTION
clustering
uniform growth
LIGHT DISTRIBUTION
THE BIOLOGICAL CLOCK
Everyone, from chickens to human beings, possesses a biological
clock. What does this biological clock do, in case of a chicken? The
biological clock influences the chicken’s behaviour and its internal
processes. The biggest ‘Zeitgeber’, or regulator of this biological
clock, is the daily change in illuminance, which is the difference
between day and night: dusk and dawn.
LIGHTING & THE BIOLOGICAL
CLOCK
Influencing this ‘Zeitgeber’
via lighting management will
influence the biological clock of
the chicken, which will influence
the chicken’s behaviour and its’
internal processes.
First of all, lighting management
can be used to stimulate feed
intake (and consequently
growth) and to optimize feed to
gain ratio. How? Light stimulates
(feeding) activity: the longer the
photoperiod, the higher the feed
intake. Be aware though, light
intensity should be high enough
to pass a certain threshold in
order to stimulate activity.
Secondly, a uniform light spread
is important to prevent broilers
from clustering. Clustering, the
intense grouping of broilers,
can be caused by shadows and
bright spots. Clustering can
lead to footpad lesions and
breast blisters, which increases
mortality and decreases animal
welfare and uniform growth, and
thus profit.
As can be seen in the figure
below, an even light distribution
prevents broilers from clustering
and stimulates uniform growth.
The PULSA and CORAX products
are just the right products to
ensure uniform light spread.
PULSA
WE CREATE PROBLEM-FREE LIGHTING SOLUTIONS THAT HELP
ANIMAL AND FARMER PERFORM OPTIMALLY.
The right light spectrum is essential for the welfare of your chicken.
Poultry is very sensitive to light, which makes it one of the most
important influencers of poultry behaviour.
Uniform light distribution, preventing mortality and asynchronous
maturity are just a few topics that are part of our commitment. Dutch
engineering at its finest. We create intelligent techniques and solutions
with a strong focus on animal welfare.
Please have a look at our website if you want to know more about the
importance of agricultural lighting. WE MASTER THE ART OF LIGHTING.
HATO Agricultural Lighting
Headquartered in Sittard, The Netherlands, HATO is market leader
in lighting products that are resistant to aggressive environments for
more than 40 years. We understand the importance of good lighting
HATO BV
Handelsstraat 31
NL-6135 KK SITTARD
T +31 (0)46 458 50 50
F +31 (0)46 458 50 90
www.hato.lighting info@hato.lighting
follow us!
EUROTIER 2016_UK - 8page brochure Rev1.3
for the health and performance of your animals.
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising