WBS Laser Operator's Manual Model Numbers: IF-UL08 IF-UL30 I NDUSTRIAL F IBER O PTICS * Copyright © 2001 Previous printings 1999 by Industrial Fiber Optics Revision Printed in the United States of America * * * All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise) without prior written permission from Industrial Fiber Optics. * * * * * Introduction This manual provides information about Industrial Fiber Optics lasers model numbers IF-UL08-635, and IF-UL30-635. It contains all the information you need to operate these lasers safely and knowledgeably, even if you are a novice to laser technology. Please read the manual carefully before operating the laser. As soon as you receive this laser, inspect it and the shipping container for damage. If any damage is found, immediately refer to the section of this manual entitled Shipment Damage Claims. Industrial Fiber Optics makes every effort to incorporate state-of-the-art technology, highest quality, and dependability in its products. We constantly explore new ideas and products to best serve the rapidly expanding needs of industry and education. We encourage comments that you may have about our products, and we welcome the opportunity to discuss new ideas that may better serve your needs. For more information about our company and products refer to http//www.i-fiberoptics.com on the Worldwide Web. Thank you for selecting this Industrial Fiber Optics product. We hope it meets your expectations and provides many hours of productive activity. Sincerely, Industrial Fiber Optics -i- - ii - TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction ................................................................... i GENERAL ........................................................................... 1 OPERATIONAL INFORMATION .......................................... 2 Electrical.............................................................................................................. Beam Contols..................................................................................................... Specifications...................................................................................................... 2 5 6 SAFETY .............................................................................. 7 LASER REGULATIONS ........................................................ 8 OPERATING PROCEDURES ................................................. 10 Initial Setup......................................................................................................... Audio Modulation ............................................................................................. Video RF Modulation........................................................................................ Video Baseband Modulation............................................................................ 10 11 12 13 TROUBLESHOOTING ........................................................ SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE 14 ........................................... 15 WARRANTY ........................................................................ 16 SHIPMENT DAMAGE CLAIMS 17 ............................................ - iii - LASER CLASSIFICATIONS All manufacturers of lasers used in the United States, must conform to regulations administered by the Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH), a branch of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDRH categorizes lasers as follows: Class Description I A laser or laser system which does not present a hazard to skin or eyes for any wavelength or exposure time. Exposure varies with wavelength. For ultraviolet, .2 to .4 µm exposure is less than from .8 nW to .8 µW. Visible light exposure varies from .4 µW to 200 µW, and for near IR, the exposure is < 200 µw. Consult CDRH regulations for specific information. II Any visible laser with an output less than 1 mW of power. Warning label requirements — yellow caution label stating maximum output of 1 mW. Generally used as classroom lab lasers, supermarket scanners and laser pointers. IIIa Any visible laser with an output over 1 mW of power with a maximum output of 5 mW of power. Warning label requirements — red danger label stating maximum output of 5 mW. Also used as classroom lab lasers, in holography, laser pointers, leveling instruments, measuring devices and alignment equipment. IIIb Any laser with an output over 5 mW of power with a maximum output of 500 mW of power and all invisible lasers with an output up to 400 mW. Warning label requirements — red danger label stating maximum output. These lasers also require a key switch for operation and a 3.5-second delay when the laser is turned on. Used in many of the same applications as the Class IIIa when more power is required. IV Any laser with an output over 500 mW of power. Warning label requirements — red danger label stating maximum output. These lasers are primarily used in industrial applications such as tooling, machining, cutting and welding. Most medical laser applications also require these high-powered lasers. - iv - GENERAL Industrial Fiber Optics’ family of diode lasers utilize the latest technology in miniature electronics and laser science. Applications of this technology include long-distance fiber optic communication networks, CD players and bar code scanners. A key element is the semiconductor diode laser, a tiny electronic microchip that operates as a laser. Semiconductor diode lasers offer an important alternative to widely known and used helium-neon-gas (HeNe) lasers. Diode lasers are smaller, more efficient, and offer direct digital and analog modulation capabilities previously unavailable. Exceptional versatility makes this semiconductor technology an essential component of modern science, physics and industrial technology curriculums. The Industrial Fiber Optics family of lasers vary primarily in their output power , wavelength, and modulation capability. They offer particular education value in their ability to increase and reinforce learning via fascination by being able to see all the internal elements. With these lasers, students will readily and enthusiastically learn about physical optics, fiber optics, light propagation, speed of light theory and measurement, laser communications, and much more! Table 1. Metric Prefixes and Their Meanings. Prefix Symbol Multiple tera T 1012 (trillion) giga G 109 (billion) mega M 106 (million) kilo k 103 (thousand hecto h 102 (hundred deca da 101 (ten) deci d 10-1 (tenth) centi c 10-2 (hundredth) milli m 10-3 (thousandth) micro µ 10-6 (millionth) nano n 10-9 (billionth) pico p 10-12(trillionth) femto f 10-15 (quadrillionth) - 1- OPERATIONAL INFORMATION Electrical All electrical controls are located at the rear of the laser chassis. A diagram of the rear view of the laser appears in Figure 1. Following are descriptions of each item identified in Figure 1 : Figure 1. Rear view of laser showing electrical inputs and controls. 1. Power Jack (PWR) All Industrial Fiber Optics lasers use a standard 2.1 mm DC power input jack to provide power to the laser. (An ON/OFF switch controls power from the jack to the electronic circuitry and lasing element.) Power input to the laser must be applied from a low-voltage DC power source in the range of 10 to 15 volts, such as supplied with the laser. See Item 9 in this section for more information about the power adapter. - 2- 2. Switch (SW) A push-button switch is located above and to the left of the 2.1 mm power jack. It controls power from the 2.1 mm power jack to the electronic circuitry and lasing element. When the switch is closed (ON) it will be slightly depressed, and fully extended when is open (OFF). 3. Pilot light (PILOT) Just below the Switch is the pilot light. It emits a green light when the switch is turned on and power is applied to the electronic circuitry and lasing element. 4. Analog input (VID) The Video jack is located in the upper right portion of the control panel. and accepts analog signals to utilize this laser's analog modulation capabilities. This white jack is an industry-standard "RCA" type as is the digital (DIG) input. The inner portion of the RCA jack is the signal connection and the outer chromelike portion establishes the common ground required between the analog source and the laser. The maximum analog voltage input that the laser can handle without distortion is 50 millivolts peak-to-peak. This input is AC coupled and has an internal impedance of 75 ohms. The analog input accommodates a wide range of signals from low frequency audio to high frequency RF (radio frequency). Examples of compatible signal sources include dynamic microphones, video outputs from television or VCR’s (when used with an attenuator), and modulated RF signals from VCR’s or cable converter boxes. 5. Digital Modulation Input (DIG) The red RCA jack is the input used to digitally modulate the laser optical beam. Applications include a computer-to-printer through-the-air link, a digitally coded security system or a long-distance remote TV control. The digital input to this laser is compatible with standard LSTTL logic powered by +5 volts. Do not connect the input to any logic with voltage levels greater than +5 volts, or below ground (0 volts). Table 2 describes laser output in response to digital inputs. -3- Table 2. Laser Output versus Digital Input. Digital Signal Laser Output >3.4 volts High* <0.7 volts Low** Unconnected High* * Output power will equal the laser power rating. ** The laser will still produce a small amount of optical power, less than 20% of high level. 6. Power adapter (not shown) All Industrial Fiber Optics lasers sold in the United States come complete with a power adapter suitable for 60 Hz 110 VAC-to-VDC conversion. Most others come with 50 Hz 220 VAC-to-VDC power adapters. It is strongly recommended that the power adapter furnished with the laser be the only supply used. If you must use another power supply, it must be one with voltage output between 10 to 15 volts DC and minimum current capability of 150 milliamperes. Do not use a power supply which may generate spikes exceeding 36 volts. -4- Beam Controls 1. Optics Mount The optics mount is a nickel-plated aluminum cylinder with internal diameter of 3/4 inches and with 32 threads per inch. The threads facilitate the use of this laser in many optical experiments using mounted lenses, polarizers and spatial filters. 2. Beam Stop The beam stop (also known as a beam attenuator) is required on lasers by federal regulations. When viewed from the rear of the laser, its handle protrudes from the right side of the optics mount. Its function is to mechanically block the laser beam when the handle is pushed downward. When the handle is pushed upward, the beam stop rotates and allows the laser beam to exit the lasing apparatus. Figure 2. Front View of Laser with Beam Stop Blocking the Laser Beam. -5- Specifications Specifications for laser model numbers IF-UL08-635, and IF-UL30-635. Table 3. Laser Specifications. Parameter Value Operating Input voltage 10 to 15 volts Input current 60 to 125 milliamperes Temperature 0 to 40° C Optical Polarization Linear Wavelength 635 Output power See label on laser underside Beam diameter 3.2 millimeters Beam divergence, maximum 2 milliradians Electrical Analog modulation2 100 Hz - 70 MHz Analog input, max. Digital modulation2 50 mV peak-to-peak Digital input, max. 5 volts 0 to 20 MHz Storage Dimensions 5.6 ¥ Weight 400 grams 7.5 ¥ 22 cm Temperature -20 to 50° C 2 Refer to the section on electrical controls in this manual for more information. Table 4. CDRH Classifications for laser models. Laser Model Classification IF-UL08-635 CLASS II IF-UL30-635 CLASS IIIa -6- SAFETY Optical All lasers addressed by this manual emit a visible beam of red light. No infrared, ultraviolet, x-ray or other non-visible radiation is emitted from these products. This low-power laser cannot be used to burn, cut or drill. Even so you should use caution because the beam is concentrated. It could become focused to a pinpoint within the human eye. Never look directly into the laser beam or stare at its bright reflections—just as you should avoid staring at the sun or other very bright light sources. If this is your first experience using a laser, review the Rules for Laser Safety on the back cover of this booklet. Electrical Included with this laser is a UL-approved VAC-to-VDC adapter for VAC operation. The adapter converts common lab/household voltage to low DC voltage suitable for laser use. Always plug the adapter into a grounded circuit. This laser is particularly safe because it operates at low wattage and low current levels. However, as when using any electrical device, you must take certain safety precautions: • Do not touch (or short-circuit) the connection point at which incoming power from the adapter enters the laser housing, as this could damage the power supply. • Do not open the laser housing under any circumstances, as this will expose you to unshielded electrical connections, violating federal government regulations and voiding the product warranty. -7- LASER REGULATIONS The U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare regulates and classifies all laser products sold in the United States. Industrial Fiber Optics lasers comply fully with laser performance standards established by Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH) Regulation 21, parts 1040.10 and 1040.11, Code of Federal Regulations. Specific labeling is required by Federal Regulations on all laser products. For your safety and that of others, do not remove any of the labels. Certification/ Identification Laser certification and identification labeling required by federal regulations have been combined in a single label located on the underside of the laser. A graphic representation of that label is shown in Figure 3 . It certifies that this laser complies with federal regulations; identifies the manufacturer; and lists the model number and date of manufacture. Figure 3. Laser certification and identification label. Classifications All lasers described by this manual fall within the limitations of Class II and Class IIIa of CDRH standards. All lasers covered by this manual will exhibit a label located on the top, rear of the laser chassis as shown in Figure 7 . Class II lasers may not exceed 1 milliwatt (1 mW) of output power, must contain a pilot light and a beam attenuator. An example of the "warning logotype" label used for Class II lasers is shown in Figure 4 . Figure 4. Warning logotype label for Class II lasers. -8- Class IIIa lasers have an output power limitation between 1 and 5 milliwatts, and require a pilot light and a beam attenuator. The "warning logotype" label required for this classification of laser is shown in Figure 5 . Figure 5. Warning logotype label for Class IIIa lasers. Aperture Labels Federal regulations also require that the laser emission aperture/port be labeled. A graphic representation of that label is shown in Figure 6 . Location of this label is shown in Figure 2 . Additional References For more information about lasers Figure 6. Beam aperture label. and laser standards, contact your local U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, or write to the agency's headquarters at 1390 Piccard Dr., Rockville, MD 20850. For U.S. guidelines on laser classifications and health standards, refer to the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) specifications governing lasers and laser safety. The guidelines are published by the Laser Institute of America, 12424 Research Parkway, Suite 130, Orlando, FL 32826. Figure 7. Top view of laser showing the location of the "Warning logotype" label for a Class IIIa laser. -9- OPERATING PROCEDURES Initial and Unmodulated Operation 1. Review the laser safety steps on the back cover of this manual if this is your first time operating a laser. 2. Point the laser toward a wall or other dull non-reflecting surface. 3. Push the beam stop's handle downward to its closed position. 4. Make sure the laser's ON/OFF switch (SW) is in its OFF position. (The push button should be in its extended position.) 5. Plug the 110* VAC-to-DC power adapter (provided with the laser) into an AC wall outlet. Important! If you must use a power adapter other than the one supplied with this laser, check the section entitled Operational Information in this manual to ensure the power adapter's voltage and current levels are within recommended specifications. 6. Plug the cord from the power adapter into the power jack (PWR) located on the rear of the laser. 7. Depress the ON/OFF switch (SW) on the control panel of the laser until it clicks into the ON position. (The switch should be slightly depressed.) 8. The pilot light (green LED) just to left and below the ON/OFF switch should now be lit, showing that the laser is on. 9. Push the beam stop's handle upward, to its open position. 10. Observe the red beam striking the wall, or other surface, in the direction which the laser is pointed. * 220 VAC for customers outside of North America - 10 - Audio Modulation of the Laser Beam We will outline the steps for modulating the Industrial Fiber Optics’ laser with audio signals. Because we do not know what receiver you will be using to convert the optical signal on the laser beam, please refer to that receiver's instruction manual as directed in the procedure below. 1. Check to ensure that the audio signal inputs you plan to use do not exceed the specifications given in the Operational Information section of this manual. 2. Turn off all power to the source which will provide the modulation input to the laser. 3. Push the beam stop to its closed position, and make sure the laser's ON/OFF switch is OFF. (The button should be extended and the pilot light no longer illuminated.) 4. Plug a microphone, or other audio source into the analog input labeled “VID” on the rear of the laser. If necessary, use an electrical adapter to convert the audio plug of the signal source to the phono or RCA style input jack on the laser. If your signal input is coming from a banana jack, make sure to connect a "ground" between your signal source and the laser. 5. Point the laser toward a wall or other non-reflecting dull surface. 6. Set up your laser receiver, referring to its manual for operating procedure. 7. Press the ON/OFF switch (SW) on the control panel of the laser. The laser now should be on, as indicated by the pilot light. 8. Turn on the power to the signal source. 9. The amplitude of the exiting laser light should now be modulated by the input signals. 10. Rotate the beam stop's handle upward to its open position. 11. Target the laser beam on the light detector found on the laser receiver. 12. Position the receiver or laser as needed, so the laser light beam strikes the center of the receiver detector. 13. Adjust the audio level applied to the laser or the gain on the laser receiver as required to receive signals. Your laser and receiver should now be functioning as a free-space optical communications link. If you are using a microphone input and an audio laser receiver you should now be hearing voice or music from the audio receiver. - 11 - TV RF Modulation of the Laser Beam We will outline the steps for modulating the Industrial Fiber Optic laser with RF signals. Because we do not know what receiver you will be using to convert the optical signal on the laser beam, please refer to that receiver's instruction manual as directed in the procedure below. 1. Check to ensure that the RF signal inputs you plan to use do not exceed the specifications given in the Operational Information section of this manual. 2. Turn off all power to the source which will provide the modulation input to the laser. 3. Push the beam stop to its closed position, and make sure the laser's ON/OFF switch is OFF. (The button should be extended and the pilot light no longer illuminated.) 4. Insert one end of a 75 ohm RF coax cable into the 75 ohm “Output” connector of a VCR or cable converter box. Attach the remaining end to a type “F” to RCA electrical adapter and connect to the analog input labeled “VID” on the rear of the laser. Set the VCR or cable box to channel 3 or 4 as appropriate. 5. Point the laser toward a wall or other non-reflecting dull surface. 6. Set up your laser receiver, referring to its manual for operating procedure. If you are using a IF-VRII receiver from Industrial Fiber Optics it will contain all the necissary hardare and instruction information. 7. Press the ON/OFF switch (SW) on the control panel of the laser. The laser now should be on, as indicated by the pilot light. 8. Turn on the power to the VCR or cable converter. 9. The amplitude of the exiting laser light should now be modulated by the RF input signals. 10. Rotate the beam stop's handle upward to its open position. 11. Target the laser beam on the light detector found on the laser receiver. 12. Position the receiver or laser as needed, so the laser light beam strikes the center of the receiver detector. Your laser and receiver should now be functioning as a free-space optical communications link. If you are using a VCR as the electrical modulation source, and a video receiver connected to a television, you should now see a picture and hear sound from the television. - 12 - TV Video Modulation of the Laser Beam We will outline the steps for modulating the Industrial Fiber Optic laser with video signals. Because we do not know what receiver you will be using to convert the optical signal on the laser beam, please refer to that receiver's instruction manual as directed in the procedure below. 1. The standard video output of a VCR or television is approximately 1 volt peak to peak and exceeds the input specifications of the WBS Laser. To insure proper operation you must us a 20 X attenuator to perform this experiment. (Contact Industrial Fiber Optics if you have trouble locating an attenuator.) 2. Turn off all power to the source which will provide the modulation input to the laser. 3. Push the beam stop to its closed position, and make sure the laser's ON/OFF switch is OFF. (The button should be extended and the pilot light no longer illuminated.) 4. Insert one end of a video cable into the “Video Output” jack of the VCR, and the remaining end into the 20 X attenuator. Plug the attenuator into the analog input label “VID” on the rear of the laser. 5. Point the laser toward a wall or other non-reflecting dull surface. 6. Set up your video laser receiver, referring to its manual for operating procedure. 7. Press the ON/OFF switch (SW) on the control panel of the laser. The laser now should be on, as indicated by the pilot light. 8. Turn on the power to the television or VCR. 9. The amplitude of the exiting laser light should now be modulated by the video input signal. 10. Rotate the beam stop's handle upward to its open position. 11. Target the laser beam on the light detector found on the laser receiver. 12. Position the receiver or laser as needed, so the laser light beam strikes the center of the receiver detector. Your laser and receiver should now be functioning as a free-space optical communications link. If you are using a VCR as the electrical modulation source, and a video receiver connected to a television, you should now see a picture on the television. - 13 - TROUBLESHOOTING No Laser Light Output • Is the ON/OFF switch in the ON position? • Is the 110 (220) VAC-to-VDC power adapter plugged into the laser and an appropriate wall outlet or extension cord? • Is there power to the wall outlet? • Is the pilot light on? • Is the mechanical beam stop in its open position? No Modulation from Receiver • Is the laser beam positioned properly so its beam hits the receiver detector? • If you are using an analog or digital input jack, is it properly connected, including a "ground" connection? • Are input signals to the laser of sufficient amplitude? (See analog and digital portions in the Electrical section of this manual.) • Slowly move the receiver detector out of the path of the laser beam while continuously monitoring receiver operation. This would desensitize the receiver in case the receiver is too sensitive for this laser [saturating the receiver element].) • Check the troubleshooting section in your laser receiver manual. Do not attempt to troubleshoot the laser beyond the steps listed above. If all your connections are correct, and you are confident that power is being supplied to the laser and any input devices, please return the laser for appropriate inspection/servicing to Industrial Fiber Optics, as described in the section entitled SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE . - 14 - SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE Periodic maintenance and service of this laser are not required. The warranty will be voided if entry has been made to the laser housing and/or have been removed. In the unlikely event this laser malfunctions and you wish to have it repaired, please do the following: • In writing, describe the problem, person to contact, phone number, and return address. • Carefully pack the laser, power adapter, manual, and written description in a stout box with sufficient packing material to prevent damage in shipment. • Ship the package to: I NDUSTRIAL F IBER O PTICS 627 South 48th Street, Suite 100 Tempe, AZ 85281 USA - 15 - WARRANTY Industrial Fiber Optics lasers are warranted against defects in materials and workmanship for 4 years. The warranty will be voided if the laser components have been damaged or mishandled by the buyer, including entry to the laser housing and / or removal of screws. Industrial Fiber Optics' warranty liability is limited to repair or replacement of any defective unit at the company's facilities, and does not include attendant or consequential damages. Repair or replacement may be made only after failure analysis at the factory. Authorized warranty repairs are made at no charge, and are guaranteed for the balance of the original warranty. Industrial Fiber Optics will pay the return freight and insurance charges for warranty repair within the continental United States by United Parcel Service or Parcel Post. Any other delivery means must be paid for by the customer. The costs of return shipments for lasers no longer under warranty must be paid by the customer. If an item is not under warranty, repairs will not be undertaken until the cost of such repairs has been approved, in writing, by the customer. Typical repair costs range from $25 - $125 and usually take two to three weeks to complete. When returning items for analysis and possible repair, please do the following: • In a letter, describe the problem, person to contact, phone number, and return address. • Pack the laser, power adapter, manual, and letter carefully in a strong box with adequate packing material, to prevent damage in shipment. • Ship the package to: I NDUSTRIAL F IBER O PTICS 627 South 48th Street, Suite 100 Tempe, AZ 85281 USA - 16 - SHIPMENT DAMAGE CLAIMS If damage to an Industrial Fiber Optics product should occur during shipping, it is imperative that it be reported immediately, both to the carrier and the distributor or salesperson from whom the item was purchased. DO NOT CONTACT INDUSTRIAL FIBER OPTICS. Time is of the essence because damage claims submitted more than five days after delivery may not be honored. If damage has occurred during shipment, please do the following: • Make a note of the carrier company; the name of the carrier employee; the date; and the time of the delivery. • Keep all packing material. • In writing, describe the nature of damage to the product. • In cases of severe damage, do not attempt to use the product (including attaching it to a power source). • Notify the carrier immediately of any damaged product. • Notify the distributor from whom the purchase was made. ------------------------------ - 17 - 120205 • Lasers produce a very intense beam of light. Treat them with respect. Most educational lasers have an output of less than 3 milliwatts, and will not harm the skin. • Never look into the laser aperture while the laser is turned on! PERMANENT EYE DAMAGE COULD RESULT . • Never stare into the oncoming beam. Never use magnifiers (such as binoculars or telescopes) to look at the beam as it travels—or when it strikes a surface. • Never point a laser at anyone's eyes or face, no matter how far away they are. • When using a laser in the classroom or laboratory, always use a beam stop, or project the beam to areas which people won't enter or pass through. • Never leave a laser unattended while it is turned on—and always unplug it when it's not actually being used. • Remove all shiny objects from the area in which you will be working. This includes rings, watches, metal bands, tools, and glass. Reflections from the beam can be nearly as intense as the beam itself. • Never disassemble or try to adjust the laser's internal components. Electric shock could result.
* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project