BENDIX BW2774 User's Manual

BENDIX BW2774 User's Manual
SD-13-3333
Bendix® Wingman® ACB (Active Cruise with Braking)
DESCRIPTION
WARNING
Improper use of the Wingman ACB system can result in
a collision causing property damage, serious injuries,
or death.
The driver is always responsible for the control
and safe operation of the vehicle at all times. The
Bendix Wingman ACB system does not replace the
need for a skilled, alert professional driver, reacting
appropriately and in a timely manner, and using safe
driving practices.
The Wingman ACB system is an integrated combination
of two features:
•
Active cruise with braking, and
•
Alerts (three types of alerts).
PART ONE: ACTIVE CRUISE WITH BRAKING
The active cruise with braking feature is an additional
upgrade of ordinary cruise control. When using cruise
control, the Wingman ACB system will maintain the set
speed, and also will intervene, as needed, to help maintain
a set following distance behind a detected forward vehicle.
Using a radar (with a range of approximately 500 feet)
mounted to the front of the vehicle, the Wingman ACB
system reacts to detected forward vehicles in the same
lane, traveling in the same direction. See Figure 1.
RADAR SENSOR
MOUNTING
BRACKET
The active cruise with braking feature is designed to help
the driver maintain a set following distance between his
vehicle and a detected forward vehicle when cruise control
is set. See the gray "Radar Beam" area in Figure 2.
COVER
FIGURE 1 - WINGMAN® RADAR SENSOR AND COVER
Vehicle Equipped with Bendix
Wingman ACB
Detected Forward Vehicle
®
®
EAM
RADAR B
The GRAY area approximates the zone where
the Wingman ACB system – when cruise control
is set – is ready to intervene with up to one-third
of the vehicle’s braking capacity, if needed.
NOT TO SCALE
FIGURE 2 - BENDIX® WINGMAN® ACB SYSTEM RADAR DETECTION
1
Once cruise control is set and the system is maintaining a
set following distance between you and the vehicle in front,
if the vehicle in front of you slows down below the cruise
control’s set speed, the Bendix® Wingman® ACB system
will intervene and, as necessary, in this order:
(a)
reduce the engine throttle, then
(b)
apply the engine retarder, then
(c)
apply the foundation brakes,
Because the Wingman ACB system operates along with
normal cruise control, all the typical features built into cruise
control work as usual. For example, limits imposed by
factory-set road speed governors, etc. are fully supported
by the Wingman ACB system.
PART TWO: ALERTS
in an attempt to maintain the set following distance behind
the vehicle ahead. NOTE: If during the intervention, it is
necessary to apply the foundation brakes, the vehicle will
not automatically resume the cruise control set speed.
Bendix Wingman ACB also assists by giving audible and
visual alerts, whether or not cruise control is on. See Pages
8-10 for more information on the three types of alerts the
driver may hear and/or see displayed.
If the vehicle ahead slows below the cruise control’s set
speed, but then accelerates away, and the Wingman ACB
system did not need to use the foundation brakes, the
system will automatically accelerate back to the original
cruise control set speed, and again maintain a set following
distance behind any detected forward vehicles.
KEY CONTENTS
(See the full index on pages 48-49)
1.0
1.04
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
What to Expect When Using the Bendix®
Wingman® ACB system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
1.05
How the Driver Interacts
with Bendix® Wingman® ACB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.08
Alerts and Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-10
2.0
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-12
3.0
Introduction to Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . 13-16
3.2
Narrowing Down the Problem (Table 3.2) . . . . 14-15
4.0
Troubleshooting/Diagnostics. . . . . . . . . . . 17-24
4.1
Bendix® ACom® Diagnostics Software . . . . . . . . 17
4.3
Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) . . . . . . . . . 19-23
5.0
Other System Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25-28
6.0
Bendix® Wingman® ACB Radar
Sensor Mounting and Installation . . . . . . . 29-33
Appendix A - Troubleshooting Checklist . . . . . . . . . . 34-35
Appendix B - Driver Interface Unit (DIU): Displays
and Alerts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36-45
Appendix C - How to Read and Reset the
Bendix® Wingman® System DTCs . . . . . . . . . . 46
Appendix D - How to Read Key System Indicators
and Reset Misalignment Values .. . . . . . . . . . . 47
2
1.0 OPERATION SECTION
Section Index
1.01
Important Safety Information/
When Not to Use Bendix Wingman ACB
Active cruise with Braking . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.02
System Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.04
What to Expect When Using
Wingman ACB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
1.05
How a Driver Interacts with
Wingman ACB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.06
Following Distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
1.07
Wingman ACB Collision Mitigation
WHEN NOT TO USE WINGMAN ACB
ACTIVE CRUISE WITH BRAKING
The active cruise and braking feature in Wingman ACB
is automatically ready when normal cruise control is
set.
This vehicle’s cruise control must be used only in
the same conditions that are normally recommended
for ordinary cruise control. As noted below, there are
certain situations when cruise control should NOT be
used.
•
Inclement Weather – Do not use cruise
control in rain, snow, fog, ice or other
severe weather conditions that may
affect the performance of the Wingman
ACB system.
•
Dense Traffic – Do not use cruise control
in heavy traffic.
•
Sharp Curves and Winding Roads –
Do not use cruise control when traveling
sharply curved or winding roadways.
CAUTION: Road curvature may impact
the radar’s ability to track vehicles ahead
in the same lane.
•
Entrance or Exit Ramps – Do not use
cruise control when entering or exiting
roadways.
•
Downhill Grades – Do not use cruise
control on downhill grades.
•
Construction Zones – Do not use cruise
control in construction zones.
•
Off-Road – Do not use cruise control in
off-road conditions.
•
Smaller Forward Vehicles – Smaller
vehicles, such as motorcycles, may be
difficult for the radar to identify. It is the
driver’s responsibility to be aware of
these types of vehicles and to slow down
if necessary.
Feature Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
1.08
Alerts and Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-10
1.09
Wingman ACB Diagnostic
Trouble Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
1.10
Radar Sensor Interchangeability. . . . . . . . 10
1.11
Alert Volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
1.12
Potential False Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . 10
1.01 IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
The driver is always responsible for the control
and safe operation of the vehicle at all times. The
Bendix Wingman ACB system does not replace the
need for a skilled, alert professional driver, reacting
appropriately and in a timely manner, and using safe
driving practices.
This vehicle's cruise control must be used only in the same
conditions that are normally recommended for ordinary
cruise control.
Vehicle manufacturers may use alerts, messages, and
dash arrangements that vary from the examples shown
here. Consult the vehicle operator’s manual for applicable
details regarding use and operation.
Visit www.bendix.com for more information and any updates to
these limitations and restrictions.
3
AUTOMATIC FOUNDATION
BRAKE APPLICATIONS
Also see the Indications and Alerts section of this manual
on page 16 for more detailed information about the alerts.
The vehicle automatically manages foundation brake
priorities among the various vehicle systems that use the
foundation brakes, such as Bendix® Wingman® ACB system,
Bendix® ESP® Electronic Stability Program, Bendix® ATC
(Automatic Traction Control) and Bendix® ABS (Antilock
Braking System).
NOTE: For some integrated systems, the volume level of
the alerts is not adjustable, nor can they be switched off.
NOTE: Cruise control will automatically cancel whenever
the Wingman ACB system applies the foundation brakes.
You can verify that your cruise control is disengaged
by observing that the cruise-enabled icon is no longer
illuminated. You must resume or set cruise control in
order to regain normal cruise control functionality and
to reengage the active cruise with braking feature of the
Wingman ACB system.
Additional information, and complete troubleshooting
procedures for the Bendix ESP stability system, can be
found in the Bendix Service Data Sheet SD-13-4869.
1.02 SYSTEM COMPONENTS
The radar sensor (or radar) used in the Wingman ACB unit
is located at the front of the vehicle – either on the bumper
or just behind it on a cross-member. See Figure 3.
1.03 ACTIVATING THE BENDIX®
WINGMAN® ACB SYSTEM
To have the Wingman ACB cruise control with braking
features of the Wingman ACB system (engine de-throttle/
retard, foundation brake interventions) the vehicle’s regular
cruise control must be switched on. See Figure 5 for
examples of switches that may be used.
When the vehicle reaches the desired cruise speed, the
driver presses the cruise control set switch to activate the
system. The Wingman ACB system will then engage and
help the driver maintain a set following distance behind the
vehicle traveling in front.
Once the cruise control speed is set, a cruise-enabled icon
(or similar) will illuminate on the instrument panel. If the
cruise-enabled or set (or similar) icon does not illuminate,
the Wingman ACB system is not functioning normally.
Refer to the vehicle operator’s manual to double-check
the location of the icon, and for further troubleshooting
information.
The driver can switch off the Wingman ACB system
manually by either stepping on the brake pedal or switching
off the cruise control.
FIGURE 3 - COMPONENT: RADAR SENSOR
The radar sensor is pre-aligned at the factory and no
adjustment should be needed. If the radar sensor becomes
misaligned (or a diagnostic trouble code is issued), either a
message – or light on the dash, depending on the vehicle –
lets the driver know that service is needed.
The Wingman ACB system is either fully integrated into the
vehicle dashboard, or uses the Bendix® Driver Interface
Unit (DIU). See Figure 4.
FIGURE 5 - EXAMPLES OF CRUISE CONTROL SWITCHES
FIGURE 4 - BENDIX DRIVER INTERFACE UNIT (DIU)
Although the system functions the same, how the alerts
are displayed to the driver can be different. Where a DIU
(Driver Interface Unit) is used, all visual, text, and audible
indicators and alerts will be provided by the DIU. The DIU
allows the volume to be adjusted. See Appendix B.
4
IMPORTANT NOTE: Cruise control will automatically
cancel whenever Wingman ACB applies the foundation
brakes.
1.04 WHAT TO EXPECT WHEN USING THE BENDIX® WINGMAN® ACB SYSTEM
Table 1, parts 1-3, illustrate what to expect from the Wingman ACB system in various driving situations. Typical system
indications and actions to expect from the system are illustrated.
What to Expect (1.04)
Part One: All driving scenarios (Cruise is either “on” or “off”)
Typical System
Indication/Alerts
Situation
A broken-down vehicle is
stationary in the lane in which
the truck is traveling.
Typical System Actions
A Stationary Object Alert may be
issued up to (three) 3 seconds
prior to impact.
None.
A pedestrian, deer or dog runs in None.
front of the truck.
None.
Another vehicle crosses the
road perpendicular to your
path of travel – such as at an
intersection.
None.
None.
TABLE 1 - PART 1 - OPERATIONAL SCENARIOS WITH THE WINGMAN ACB SYSTEM
What to Expect (1.04)
Part Two: Cruise control “on” and speed “set”
Typical System
Indication/Alerts
Situation
Typical System Actions
With no detected forward
vehicle.
None.
Vehicle maintains set speed.
With a detected forward
vehicle.
The cruise control ON indicator
is illuminated and the detected
forward vehicle icon is
illuminated.
The active cruise with braking feature will
maintain the set speed and following distance.
The detected forward vehicle
slows moderately.
The Following Distance Alert
(FDA) will sound and a visual
message/icon typically appears
®
on the dash screen or Bendix
Driver Interface Unit (DIU)
display.
The vehicle will be slowed by (a) reducing
throttle; (b) then engaging the engine retarder;
and (c) then applying the foundation brakes.
The Impact Alert (IA)warning
(continuous tone), will sound and
a visual message/icon typically
appears on the dash screen
or DIU display. The Following
Distance Alert may also be heard.
The vehicle throttle will be reduced; the engine
retarder engaged; and the foundation brakes
applied, in that order.
Following Distance Alerts may be
given to the driver, depending on
the exact system configuration
that has been set for the vehicle,
and how close the vehicle cuts in
front.
Vehicle maintains set speed.
The detected forward vehicle
slows rapidly.
The detected forward vehicle
cuts in front of the truck but
then speeds away.
Note: If the foundation brakes are applied,
cruise control is cancelled.
The cruise control feature cancels after the
event.
NOTE: The system indicators/alerts above are typical, but may vary from the descriptions shown here by vehicle
manufacturer, or earlier versions of the Wingman ACB system.
5
What to Expect (1.04)
Part Two: Cruise control “on” and speed “set”
Typical System
Indication/Alerts
Situation
Going down a grade with a
detected forward vehicle.
DO NOT USE cruise control on
downhill grades.
Typical System Actions
DO NOT USE cruise control on downhill
grades.
Cruise control should NOT be
used on downhill grades - see
page 3.
(See the CDL manual
instructions on proper gear
usage for down grades.)
TABLE 1 - PART 2 - OPERATIONAL SCENARIOS WITH THE BENDIX® WINGMAN® ACB SYSTEM
NOTE: The system indicators/alerts above are typical, but may vary from the descriptions shown here by vehicle
manufacturer, or earlier versions of the Wingman ACB system.
What to Expect (1.04)
Part Three: Cruise control NOT “SET”, or “OFF”
Situation
Typical System
Indication/Alerts
Typical System Actions
Your vehicle comes up
fast behind a slowermoving detected forward
vehicle.
The Following Distance Alert (FDA) will sound and a
visual message/icon typically appears on the dash
screen or DIU display. Depending on how close your
vehicle approaches, the system may initiate an Impact
Alert warning.
None.
The detected forward
vehicle slows rapidly.
The Following Distance Alert (FDA), or Impact Alert
warning (continuous tone) will sound and a visual
message/icon typically appears on the dash screen or
DIU display.
None.
The driver must
immediately act to
potentially avoid, or lessen
the severity of, a collision.
The driver must
immediately act to
potentially avoid, or lessen
the severity of, a collision.
TABLE 1 - PART 3 - OPERATIONAL SCENARIOS WITH THE BENDIX® WINGMAN® ACB SYSTEM
NOTE: These are typical situations and responses that may occur when using Wingman ACB. All possible situations
and responses are not covered in this table.
6
1.05 HOW A DRIVER INTERACTS WITH BENDIX® WINGMAN® ACB
Table 2 illustrates how the Wingman ACB system will respond to various actions a driver may take when using Wingman
ACB system on the road.
The driver is always responsible for the control and safe
operation of the vehicle at all times. The Bendix Wingman
ACB system does not replace the need for a skilled, alert
professional driver, reacting appropriately and in a timely
manner, and using safe driving practices.
How a Driver Interacts with Bendix® Wingman® ACB (1.05)
Action
Reaction of Wingman ACB
If the driver does this:
Expect the Wingman ACB system to do this:
Steps on the brake.
(During an ACB event.)
The driver is always in control and is able to apply full braking power.
Steps aggressively on the
accelerator. (During an
ACB event.)
The driver is always in control. His/her actions override any Wingman ACB system
actions. Note: If cruise control is engaged, it will be overridden until the accelerator
is released; then cruise control will resume the original set speed automatically.
Steps on the brake. (When
in cruise.)
Cruise control will be cancelled.
Steps on the accelerator.
(When in cruise.)
Cruise control will be overridden until the accelerator is released; then cruise control
will resume the original set speed automatically.
Switches on the cruise
control.
Nothing. The active cruise with braking feature will not engage until the driver sets
the cruise control speed.
Switches off the cruise
control.
The active cruise with braking feature will turn off; the collision mitigation feature
remains active and ready to intervene. The driver will continue to hear all alerts as
needed.
Sets the cruise control
speed.
The active cruise with braking feature is automatically activated. Your vehicle
maintains a set speed and following distance behind the vehicle ahead.
Covers or blocks the radar.
The Wingman ACB system performance will be diminished or even disabled and a
Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) will be set. A blockage will also affect engine cruise
control availability.
Uses normal cruise control
“+/-” switch.
Vehicle speed increased (+) or reduced (-) to achieve the new set speed while
actively maintaining following distance with the vehicle ahead, if one is present within
500 feet.
NOTE: The system responses above are typical, but may vary from the descriptions shown here by vehicle manufacturer,
or earlier versions of the Wingman ACB system. These are examples of driver actions and typical Wingman ACB
system responses, however this chart does not attempt to cover all possible situations.
TABLE 2 - HOW A DRIVER INTERACTS WITH BENDIX® WINGMAN® ACB
7
THE FORWARD VEHICLE DETECTED ICON
When cruise control is switched on and set and a vehicle
ahead of you is detected by the radar, the detected
forward vehicle icon, or similar will illuminate on the vehicle
dashboard.
This is an indication to the driver that the Wingman
ACB system is actively managing the distance between
your vehicle and the vehicle ahead, and may intervene
automatically, if needed.
See Figure 6 for examples.
1.07 AUTOMATIC FOUNDATION
BRAKE APPLICATIONS
The vehicle automatically manages foundation braking
priorities among the various vehicle systems that use the
foundation brakes, such as Wingman ACB, Bendix® ESP®
(Electronic Stability Program), Bendix®ATC (Automatic
Traction Control) and the Bendix® ABS (Antilock Braking
System).
1.08 ALERTS AND WARNINGS
The Bendix® Wingman® ACB system operates differently
compared to other cruise control/forward collision warning
systems. It is important for YOU to fully understand the
system’s features, especially the driver alerts and warnings.
Three important warnings provided by the Wingman ACB
system are the Following Distance Alert (FDA), Impact Alert
(IA), and Stationary Object Alert (SOA). The driver will be
alerted by any of the three warnings, whether or not the
cruise control is activated.
See Appendix B, Sections 3.0-5.0, for more information
about how DIUs communicate alerts.
FIGURE 6 - FORWARD VEHICLE DETECTED ICONS
ADJUSTING THE CRUISE CONTROL SPEED
Use the switch(es) provided by the vehicle manufacturer
to set your cruise control speed. When adjusted, your
set speed will typically be indicated on the vehicle dash,
message center, or speedometer.
1.06 FOLLOWING DISTANCE
Following distance refers to the time gap, measured in
seconds, between your vehicle and the vehicle ahead. The
actual physical distance between the two will vary based
on the speeds of both vehicles; however, the set gap will
remain the same for all set cruise speeds.
FOLLOWING DISTANCE
ADJUSTMENT SWITCH
This optional Wingman ACB feature, allows the driver to
adjust the following distance or time gap. The availability
of this feature is determined by the vehicle manufacturer.
The switch has an increase or decrease function. Pressing
increase (+) will provide a larger following distance,
measured in seconds. Pressing decrease (-) will provide
a shorter following distance.
8
WARNING: Any audible and/or visual alert by the
system means that your vehicle is too close to the
vehicle ahead and the driver must immediately act to
potentially avoid, or lessen the severity of, a collision.
IMPACT ALERT (IA)
FOLLOWING DISTANCE ALERT (FDA)
The Impact Alert is the most severe warning issued
by the Wingman ACB system. This alert indicates that
a collision with the detected forward vehicle is likely
and the driver must immediately act to potentially
avoid, or lessen the severity of, a collision.
The Following Distance Alert (FDA) provides both
audible and visual alerts whenever the time between
your vehicle and the detected forward vehicle ahead
is less than the one and a half (1½) seconds* and
decreasing. Once the audible alert is given, the driver
should increase the
distance between
his/her vehicle and
the vehicle ahead
until the audible alert
stops.
The Impact Alert is ready to alert the driver whenever
the vehicle is moving above 15 mph.
When activated, the IA will sound and a visual message/
icon typically appears on the dash screen or Bendix® Driver
Interface Unit (DIU) display. The actual sound/display
method varies by vehicle manufacturer.
NOTE: The Impact Alert is typically accompanied by
automatic brake interventions. The Wingman ACB system
will apply up to two-thirds of your vehicle’s braking capacity.
The driver must apply additional braking, when necessary,
to maintain a safe distance from the vehicle ahead.
See Figure 7 for an example of an Impact Alert Icon.
The FDA is ready to alert
the driver whenever
the vehicle is moving
above five (5) mph. If
the following distance
continues to decrease,
the driver will hear
more rapid audible
alerts. When the FDA
reaches its highest
level, typically a red
LED also illuminates
on the instrument
cluster. The FDA may
be accompanied by a
visual alert.
FIGURE 9 - DRIVER
INTERFACE UNIT (DIU)
SHOWING EXAMPLES
OF FOLLOWING
DISTANCE ALERTS WITH
PROGRESSIVELY FASTER
AUDIBLE ALERTS.
* 1.5 seconds is the
system default and may vary by fleet/OEM.
FIGURE 7 - EXAMPLE OF IMPACT ALERT ICON
Above: Examples of other vehicle
manufacturer’s displays.
FIGURE 10 - FOLLOWING DISTANCE ALERT
STATIONARY OBJECT ALERT (SOA)
FIGURE 8 - IMPACT ALERT TEXT AND LIGHT PATTERN AS
SEEN ON THE BENDIX® DIU
Stationary Object Alert (SOA) – The Bendix ®
Wingman® ACB system will give up to three (3) seconds
alert to the driver when approaching a detected,
sizable, metallic (radar-reflective), stationary object in
your lane of travel. This alert indicates that a collision
with a stationary object is likely and the driver must
immediately act to potentially avoid, or lessen the
severity of, a collision.
The SOA is ready to alert the driver whenever the vehicle
is moving above ten (10) mph.
9
The driver should be especially careful when approaching
certain types of vehicles or objects. The Wingman ACB
radar may not be able to detect vehicles and objects with
limited metal surfaces (such as recreational vehicles,
horse-drawn buggies, motorcycles, logging trailers, etc.).
NOTE: Entering a curve may reduce the alert time to less
than three (3) seconds.
system foundation brake applications for at least 20
minutes.
•
If the system does not detect a driver intervention within
15 seconds after the brake overuse alert sounds, it
will shut itself off and set a Diagnostic Trouble Code
(DTC). The driver will continue to receive alerts, but
ALL Wingman ACB interventions (de-throttling, engine
retarder or brake applications) will be disabled until the
next ignition cycle.
Note: In all cases, the driver still has the ability to
apply the foundation brakes if necessary. The driver
should take care since overheated brakes may reduce
the vehicle’s braking capability.
(See Appendix B7.0).
FIGURE 11 - STATIONARY OBJECT ALERT DISPLAYED
BRAKE OVERUSE ALERT
The Bendix® Wingman® ACB system provides a
warning when the system is intervening and using
the foundation brakes excessively. Overuse of the
foundation brakes can lead to the brakes overheating
and a potential loss of braking performance caused
by brake fade. Using cruise control on downhill runs will
cause this alert to be activated.
Approach grades as you would normally, with the
appropriate gear selected and at a safe speed. Cruise
control should NOT be used on downhill grades.
When the system detects brake overuse, depending on the
vehicle manufacturer, a text message will be displayed on
the dashboard and an audible alert will be activated. The
driver should intervene immediately.
1.09 WINGMAN ACB DIAGNOSTIC
TROUBLE CODES
The Wingman ACB system is monitored and if any
malfunction is detected, a Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC)
will be set and the driver will be alerted. The exact alert
given depends on the vehicle manufacturer: refer to your
vehicle operator’s manual and Sections 3 and 4.
1.10 RADAR SENSOR INTERCHANGEABILITY
Many variables must be considered when determining
whether or not the radar sensor can be relocated from one
vehicle to another vehicle. They include, but are not limited
to, the version of the Bendix® ESP® stability system used
on the vehicle, the instrument cluster, the vehicle ECU, the
engine and the transmission. Contact the Bendix Tech Team
at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE to determine if this is a viable option.
WARNING: Do not interchange radar sensors
without contacting Bendix first!
1.11 ALERT VOLUME
For Wingman ACB systems installed on vehicles with alerts
that come directly through the instrument cluster, audible
alert levels are pre-set at the factory and can not be turned
off, nor can the volume be adjusted. However, where
the Bendix® Driver Interface Unit (DIU) is used, volume
adjustment is permitted.
FIGURE 12 - BRAKE OVERUSE WARNING
•
10
Once the brake overuse alert is activated, certain
driver interventions that cancel cruise control – like
stepping on the brake pedal or switching off cruise – will
discontinue the alert. Following an overuse alert, the
driver should not reset cruise control for at least 20
minutes. This gives the brakes time to cool down. If
the driver chooses to reset cruise control during that
20 minute period, Wingman ACB interventions will be
limited to de-throttling and engine retarder only. The
system will automatically disable all Wingman ACB
1.12 POTENTIAL FALSE WARNINGS
In certain unusual traffic or roadway conditions, Wingman
ACB may issue a false alert. While eliminating all false alerts
is not possible, if false alerts occur too frequently (more
than twice a day), this may indicate sensor misalignment.
Service the system at the earliest opportunity.
Drivers should take into account the road conditions, and
any other factors they are encountering, as they choose
how to react to any alerts they receive from the Wingman
ACB system.
2.0 MAINTENANCE SECTION
Section Index
2.1
General Safety Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.2
Equipment Maintenance: Brake System
and ABS Functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.3
2.4
System Preventive Maintenance. . . . . . . . 12
Additional Support at www.bendix.com . . . . 12
2.1 GENERAL SAFETY GUIDELINES
WARNING! PLEASE READ AND
FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS TO
AVOID PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH:
When working on or around a vehicle, the following
general precautions should be observed at all times.
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface, apply the parking
brakes, and always block the wheels. Always wear
safety glasses.
2. Stop the engine and remove ignition key when working
under or around the vehicle. When working in the engine
compartment, the engine should be shut off and the
ignition key should be removed. Where circumstances
require that the engine be in operation, EXTREME
CAUTION should be used to prevent personal injury
resulting from contact with moving, rotating, leaking,
heated or electrically charged components.
3. Do not attempt to install, remove, disassemble or
assemble a component until you have read and
thoroughly understand the recommended procedures.
Use only the proper tools and observe all precautions
pertaining to use of those tools.
4. If the work is being performed on the vehicle’s air brake
system, or any auxiliary pressurized air systems, make
certain to drain the air pressure from all reservoirs
before beginning ANY work on the vehicle. If the vehicle
is equipped with a Bendix® AD-IS® air dryer system or
a dryer reservoir module, be sure to drain the purge
reservoir.
5. Following the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended
procedures, deactivate the electrical system in a
manner that safely removes all electrical power from
the vehicle.
6. Never exceed manufacturer’s recommended pressures.
7. Never connect or disconnect a hose or line containing
pressure; it may whip. Never remove a component or
plug unless you are certain all system pressure has
been depleted.
8. Use only genuine Bendix® brand replacement parts,
components and kits. Replacement hardware, tubing,
hose, fittings, etc. must be of equivalent size, type
and strength as original equipment and be designed
specifically for such applications and systems.
9. Components with stripped threads or damaged parts
should be replaced rather than repaired. Do not
attempt repairs requiring machining or welding unless
specifically stated and approved by the vehicle and
component manufacturer.
10. Prior to returning the vehicle to service, make certain all
components and systems are restored to their proper
operating condition.
11. For vehicles with Automatic Traction Control (ATC),
the ATC function must be disabled (ATC indicator
lamp should be ON) prior to performing any vehicle
maintenance where one or more wheels on a drive
axle are lifted off the ground and moving.
The driver is always responsible for the control
and safe operation of the vehicle at all times. The
Bendix Wingman ACB system does not replace the
need for a skilled, alert professional driver, reacting
appropriately and in a timely manner, and using safe
driving practices.
11
2.2 EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE: BRAKE
SYSTEM AND ABS FUNCTIONALITY
Importance of Antilock Braking System (ABS)
Maintenance – Optimal Bendix® Wingman® ACB system
braking requires a properly maintained ABS system, without
any active ABS Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs). Have
active DTCs repaired by a qualified technician. Any ABS
DTCs will cause Wingman ACB to deactivate.
Importance of Brake Maintenance – Optimal
Wingman ACB braking requires properly maintained
foundation brakes (drum, wide-drum, or air disc) which
meet appropriate safety standards and regulations. Brake
performance also requires that the vehicle be equipped with
properly sized and inflated tires, with a safe tread depth.
System Problems – If a problem with the Wingman ACB
system is detected, depending on the vehicle manufacturer,
typically there will be a message on the dashboard display.
Depending on the type of problem detected, the system
will determine if the vehicle may continue normal cruise
control functions (without the benefits of Wingman ACB), or
whether all cruise control functions should be disabled until
service is performed. The system should be serviced as
soon as possible to restore full Wingman ACB functionality.
2.3 SYSTEM PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
The Wingman ACB system is relatively maintenance free.
The key items to keep the system functioning properly
include:
1. Keep the radar lens clean and free of obstructions.
2. Inspect for any damage to the bumper or the Wingman
ACB cover, bracket or radar to ensure that the alignment
has not been compromised. Never use the radar unit
as a step.
3. Periodically check the radar alignment.
4. Perform appropriate inspections of the braking system
as required by the manufacturer to ensure brakes are
in proper working order.
5. Ensure that the tires are properly inflated and that
adequate tread is present.
Radar Inspection – The driver should inspect the
radar and mounting bracket regularly and remove any mud,
snow, ice build-up, or other obstructions. The installation
of aftermarket deer guards is not recommended, and could
impair the operation of the radar.
Radar Damage / Misalignment / Tampering - In
cases where the bumper and/or radar have sustained any
damage, are misaligned, or if you suspect that the radar
has been tampered with, do not use the cruise control until
the vehicle has been repaired and the radar re-aligned. In
addition, an indicator on the dash typically will illuminate if
the system detects any of these conditions. Consult your
vehicle’s operator’s manual or contact Bendix for more
information.
NOTE: Any vehicle trouble code that disables vehicle
cruise control will also cause a diagnostic trouble code in
Wingman ACB.
2.4 ADDITIONAL SUPPORT AT
WWW.BENDIX.COM/1-800-AIR-BRAKE
For the latest information, and for free downloads of the Bendix® ACom®
Diagnostics software, and its User Guide, visit the Bendix website at:
www.bendix.com.
You will also find a current list of compatible RP1210 data link adapters for
ABS and the Wingman ACB system.
For direct telephone technical support, the Bendix Tech Team is available
at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE (1-800-247-2725), Monday through Friday, 8:00 A.M.
to 6:00 P.M. EST. For assistance, follow the instructions in the recorded
message.
The Bendix Tech Team can also be reached by e-mail at:
[email protected]
12
This section introduces three initial steps to accurately
troubleshoot the Bendix® Wingman® ACB system.
3.0 INTRODUCTION TO
TROUBLESHOOTING SECTION
Section Index
3.1
Troubleshooting Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.2
Narrowing Down the Problem . . . . . . . 14-15
3.3
Overview of Possible Issues . . . . . . . . . . 16
We recommend reading this introductory section, as well
as the Troubleshooting/Diagnostics Section (4.0), before
performing any troubleshooting.
When diagnosing the Wingman ACB system, in many
cases Bendix® ACom® Diagnostics software (version 6.3
or higher) will be required. This software is available as a
free download from www.bendix.com.
3.1 TROUBLESHOOTING BASICS
Troubleshooting Basics (3.1)
Questions
Next Steps
What color is the radar sensor?
The Wingman ACB system has a black “eyeball” radar sensor (See Section
1.02). If the radar sensor is flat-fronted, or is yellow, it is not a Wingman
ACB radar sensor.
Have the driver run the Power-Up
Self-Test.
Power-Up Self-Test
This is a self diagnostic check, to determine if the system operation is normal.
1. Park the vehicle. Power off.
2. Put the key into the ignition, and turn to the “ignition power” position.
3. Toggle the cruise control switch at least once, and leave it in the “on”
position.
4. Start the vehicle, but do not drive away.
Note that if the cruise control is in the “off” position, or if the
vehicle is moving, this test will not run.
5. The self-test will start after 15 seconds, and takes approximately five
(5) seconds to complete.
(Note that other vehicle system self-tests, e.g. the ABS “chuff” test,
may run during the initial 15 seconds after ignition “on.”)
As the Wingman ACB self-test runs, the driver should hear a short set
of beeps. The test checks the engine, transmission, and brake systems
to make sure they are communicating. In addition, depending on the
vehicle, the test may briefly display a distance alert message and/or
cause the Forward Vehicle Detected icon in the instrument cluster to
illuminate; this is normal.
Does the driver hear a
long warning beep?
If no problem is found and the test is passed, no additional beeps/lamps will
be displayed nor will a trouble code be set.
If the system has found an issue that will prevent it from functioning properly,
a long warning beep will sound to alert the driver, and a Diagnostic Trouble
Code (DTC) will be logged in the system (typically with a status indicator/dash
icon illuminated). For descriptions of all DTCs, see Section 4.3: Diagnostic
Trouble Codes.
Have the driver describe the system When diagnosing the system, especially in cases where there are no
behavior that they believe shows it is not diagnostic trouble codes logged, find out which part of the system behavior
working properly.
appears to be operating improperly. See Section 3.2: Narrowing Down the
Problem.
TABLE 3 - TROUBLESHOOTING BASICS
13
3.2 NARROWING DOWN THE PROBLEM
Use the questions found in Table 3.2 below to help assess if the Bendix® Wingman® ACB system is not performing
correctly. Be sure to have a thorough understanding of the system’s normal behavior; this will reduce the troubleshooting
time. The table provides a guide to basic troubleshooting questions and possible corrective actions. Items in Italics
cross-reference to the service procedures in this manual to repair the condition described.
If Bendix Tech Team assistance is needed, prior to calling 1-800-AIR-BRAKE, complete the Troubleshooting Checklist
(See Appendix A), to help reduce the time needed to troubleshoot the system.
Narrowing Down the Problem (3.2)
Questions
Next Steps
Alignment Problems
Is the radar sensor mounting location
(bumper or cross member) damaged?
• Does the system seem to lose, or “not hold
on to,” the forward vehicle when going around
curves? • Does the system seem to warn on
vehicles in adjacent lanes? • Are there false
alerts when passing other vehicles? • Does
the system seem to warn late when another
vehicle cuts in front of the truck? • Does the
system seem to not "see" as far as it “used
to”, or warn on many more overhead bridges/
signs than previously? • Does the system
seem to be inconsistent when tracking
forward vehicles?
Re-align the radar sensor vertically and laterally. Use the following procedures:
•
Section 6.07: Check Vertical Alignment and adjust if needed.
•
Section 6.09: Check Lateral Alignment and adjust if needed.
•
Section 6.02: Check Radar Sensor Mounting – The radar needs a solid
mounting surface in order to hold the alignment. If the bumper or mounting
cross member is damaged, replace it first, then align the radar sensor.
Blocked Radar Sensor Issues
Is mud, ice, or snow covering the radar
sensor?
Is anything blocking the view of the radar
sensor?
Clean the radar sensor lens immediately. Remove anything blocking the radar
sensor then power cycle and read any remaining trouble codes.
Read Section 4.3: Diagnostic Trouble Codes.
If the vehicle's cruise control is set and the radar sensor is blocked by ice, snow,
mud, tampering, etc. so that it cannot "see" a forward vehicle, Wingman ACB will
log a diagnostic trouble code (DTC).
After the blockage is removed, the DTC will clear automatically. This process also
will set a vehicle cruise control DTC which must be cleared with an ignition key
cycle.
Add a visual check of the radar sensor for blockage to the driver’s pre-trip
inspection checklist.
Potential False Warnings
Do false alerts seem to happen in
construction zones or going under bridges?
Several road scenarios have a tendency to cause false warnings, including
construction zones and bridges. Unless these false warnings are frequent, the
system is likely reacting normally. The driver should not set the cruise control in
construction zones. If driver complaints persist, continue asking questions to more
narrowly define the driving condition presenting the problems. Review proper
operating conditions in the operator's manual.
Other Questions
Has the system worked properly in the past
and is not working correctly now?
This is a good indication that something has changed, such as misalignment
of the radar sensor. Review questions listed above with the driver to further
diagnose the problem.
Has the radar sensor been changed
recently?
If so, the new radar sensor may be incompatible with the vehicle. Follow Section
1.10: Radar Sensor Interchangeability procedure and check system trouble codes
with Bendix® ACom® Diagnostics software.
Read Section 4.3: Diagnostic Trouble Codes.
TABLE 4 - NARROWING DOWN THE PROBLEM (PAGES 14-15)
14
Narrowing Down the Problem (3.2)
Questions
Does the mounting bracket look damaged or
tampered with?
Next Steps
Other than expected surface scratches or some discoloration over time, there
should be no visible damage to the radar sensor bracket assembly. If so, realign
the radar sensor vertically and laterally. If radar sensor alignment can not be held in
place, the bracket assembly must be replaced. Verify the bumper is not damaged.
•
•
Check the Vertical Alignment (6.07) and adjust if needed.
Check the Lateral Alignment (6.09) and adjust if needed.
The Radar Sensor Mounting - The radar sensor needs a solid mounting surface
in order to hold the alignment. If the bumper or mounting cross member is
damaged, replace it first, then align the radar sensor.
Did the radar sensor currently on the vehicle
come from another vehicle?
The radar sensor may be incompatible with the new vehicle. Follow Section
1.10: Radar Sensor Interchangeability procedure and check system trouble codes
with Bendix® ACom® Diagnostics software.
Read Section 4.3: Diagnostic Trouble Codes.
With cruise control set, does the system
consistently apply the foundation brakes
when a forward vehicle slows?
This is normal operation. Continue asking the driver questions to diagnose
the problem. The radar sensor may be blocked or misaligned. The service
technician will need to check trouble codes as well.
•
•
Check the Vertical Alignment (6.07) and adjust if needed.
Check the Lateral Alignment (6.09) and adjust if needed.
The Radar Sensor Mounting - The radar sensor needs a solid mounting surface
in order to hold the alignment. If the bumper or mounting cross member is
damaged, replace it first, then align the radar sensor.
Read Section 4.3: Diagnostic Trouble Codes.
Does a diagnostic trouble code (DTC) seem
to occur when driving through the desert
or in barren areas (no road signs, trees or
vehicles)?
In normal operation, the active cruise with braking feature of Bendix® Wingman®
ACB system may “go dormant” if it hasn’t detected a metallic object after a predetermined period. This is rare, but most likely to occur when driving in deserts or
barren areas. If the system does “go dormant,” Wingman ACB provides a visible
warning to the driver. In addition, the vehicle also will drop out of cruise mode,
providing an audible and/or visual warning to the driver as well. The driver must
actively re-engage the vehicle’s cruise control. Once the desired cruise speed is
set, the active cruise with braking feature of Wingman ACB will resume operation.
When metallic objects are again detected by the Wingman radar sensor, the
trouble code previously recorded in the Wingman system will clear automatically.
Does the system seem to disengage after an This is normal operation. The driver must set or "resume" the cruise control once
automatic braking event?
again to regain the following distance function.
Does cruise control disengage sometimes
when the brakes come on and not at other
times?
This is normal operation. When traveling with lightly loaded trailers, or “bobtail”, the
active cruise with braking feature of Wingman ACB may continue to function even
after an automatic brake application. No driver input is needed.
Does the connector or wiring appear
damaged?
Wires can become corroded if the radar sensor is not plugged in properly. Clean
the connectors on the wire harness, as well as the radar sensor, and reattach. If
wires are chaffed, replace the wire harness. Also, check for trouble codes.
Read Section 4.3: Diagnostic Trouble Codes, and
Section 4.8: Troubleshooting Wiring Harnesses.
Does the system generate a diagnostic
trouble code going down a grade, but the
code goes away later?
This is normal operation. The active cruise with braking feature of Wingman ACB
is not intended to be used on grades. If the system detects this, it will generate
a diagnostic trouble code (DTC). Verify there are no diagnostic trouble codes.
Proper downgrade driving techniques should be used.
Read Section 4.3: Diagnostic Trouble Codes.
Does the radar sensor have noticeable
damage beyond normal discoloration or
surface scratches?
The radar sensor and bracket are very durable. However, if the radar sensor
housing or lens is cracked or broken, immediately look for trouble codes via
Bendix® ACom® Diagnostics (version 6.3 or higher) and replace the damaged
radar sensor. Read Section 4.3: Diagnostic Trouble Codes, and Section 6.02:
Radar Sensor Mounting.
TABLE 4 - NARROWING DOWN THE PROBLEM (PAGES 14-15)
15
3.3 OVERVIEW OF POSSIBLE ISSUES
Some customer issues are actually misunderstandings of how the Bendix® Wingman® ACB system performs normally.
Use Table 5 below to learn the causes of potential issues if Wingman ACB is not performing correctly. Some issues can
be investigated by a visual inspection. Others may cause a diagnostic trouble code (DTC) to be logged: See Section
4.3: Diagnostic Trouble Codes.
Overview of Possible Issues (3.3)
Issue
System familiarity
Description
Verify the system functionality. Is it operating normally or not? Drivers who are unfamiliar
with the system may report they don’t like the way it beeps or how it activates the brakes.
Use Section 3.0: Introduction to Troubleshooting, Section 4.3: Diagnostic Trouble Codes and
Section 3.1: Questions to Ask the Driver to verify if the system is functioning normally; then
continue.
DTCs caused by
Some Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) indicate a temporary condition and will clear when
temporary operating that condition is no longer present. If these persist, further investigation is warranted. See
conditions
Section 3.1: Troubleshooting Basics.
Radar sensor
misalignment
If the performance of the system seems to be erratic or unpredictable, the radar sensor could
be misaligned and may need to be aligned both vertically and laterally. If there is a DTC
set or if the system does not function, the radar sensor may be severely misaligned and
Wingman ACB will not operate until this is corrected. See Section 6.01: Vehicle Applications.
Inspect the front of the vehicle. If (a) it has been damaged, or (b) if the vehicle does not track
straight, either of these conditions must be repaired before troubleshooting Wingman ACB.
Radar sensor
blocked
If the system doesn’t seem to work at all, the radar sensor is probably blocked. A DTC will
also be set. Visually inspect it, clear the blockage, turn the ignition on and run through a
power cycle.
Vehicle diagnostic
trouble codes
(DTCs)
The Wingman ACB system will not operate and will set a DTC if any of the following vehicle
systems also show a DTC: engine, engine cruise, instrument cluster, Bendix® ABS, Bendix®
ATC, Bendix® ESP, or transmission. These components must be repaired and cleared of
DTCs before troubleshooting Wingman ACB. (NOTE: Clearing the vehicle DTCs may be the
only step needed to reestablish full Wingman ACB functionality. See Section 4.4: Clearing
Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs)
Damaged radar
sensor or bracket
If the vehicle has been in an accident, it is likely the radar sensor will need to be realigned or replaced. Inspect the radar sensor lens and housing for damage. Radar sensor
discoloration or small scratches may be acceptable. Significant damage will require radar
sensor replacement. Regardless of the exterior condition, check for diagnostic trouble codes
outlined in the Section 4.3: Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) to determine if radar sensor
replacement is necessary.
Damaged connector Visually inspect the connector and wire harness for corrosion or chaffing. Refer to Section
or wiring
4.5: Troubleshooting Diagnostic Trouble Codes: Power Supply of this document for additional
troubleshooting.
J1939 network
problems
If the entire system is non-functional, it may be a J1939 network problem. Follow the
instructions in Section 4.6: Serial Data (J1939) Communications Link.
Power to radar
sensor problems
If the entire system is non-functional, another likely cause may be a lack of power to the radar
sensor. Follow the instructions in Section 4.5: Troubleshooting Diagnostic Trouble Codes: Power
Supply.
TABLE 5 - REVIEW OF POSSIBLE ISSUES
16
4.0 TROUBLESHOOTING/
DIAGNOSTICS SECTION
4.1 BENDIX® ACOM®
DIAGNOSTICS SOFTWARE
Section Index
ACom Diagnostics is a PC-based software program
available as a free download from the Bendix web site (www.
bendix.com) or on a CD from the Bendix Literature Center.
This software provides the technician with access to all the
available ECU diagnostic information and configuration
capability. For Bendix Wingman ACB diagnostics, use
ACom Diagnostics version 6.3 (or higher).
4.1
Bendix ACom Diagnostics Software . . . . . 17
4.2
Reading Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) . . 18
4.3
Table of DTCs and Actions to Take . . . . 19-22
4.4
Clearing DTCs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
4.5
DTCs: Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.6
DTCs: J1939 Communications Link. . . . . . 24
4.7
(J1939) Test Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
4.8
Troubleshooting Wiring Harnesses . . . . . . 24
®
®
23
IMPORTANT NOTE: All vehicle diagnostic trouble
codes related to the engine, transmission, instrument
cluster, engine cruise control and Bendix® ABS,
ATC or ESP ® systems must first be resolved,
with no trouble codes present during the vehicle
operation while in cruise control, before attempting
to diagnose Bendix® Wingman® ACB diagnostic
trouble codes.
FIGURE 13 - BENDIX® ACOM® DIAGNOSTICS SOFTWARE
STARTING ACOM® DIAGNOSTICS
The Bendix® ACom® Diagnostics software can be started
from the desktop shortcut, or from the main Windows®
screen with “Start-Programs-Bendix-ACom® Diagnostics.”
See Figure 14 and also Appendix C. To begin, the
technician selects “Wingman” from the Starter screen,
then “Start with ECU” from the Diagnostic Control panel.
FIGURE 14 - STARTING BENDIX® ACOM® DIAGNOSTICS
SOFTWARE
NOTE: When using ACom Diagnostics for the first time, the
service technician will be asked to select the communication
adapter for both the Wingman ACB and Bendix® EC-60™
controllers. While both controllers will use the same
physical adapter, the technician will need to indicate which
communication protocol to use for each. Once a successful
connection has been made, these steps will no longer be
necessary.
17
The Bendix® ACom® Diagnostics for ABS User Guide is
available for download at the www.bendix.com web site
and should be used as a reference to all functions of the
ACom service tool.
In general, the protocol for Wingman ACB is described
as CAN or CAN 250. (See Figure 15 for an example of
an adapter compatible with Wingman ACB). The Bendix®
EC-60™ controller protocol will be described as J1708.
4.2 READING DIAGNOSTIC
TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
If the system generates a Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC),
where a lamp or icon is illuminated on the instrument
cluster, then ACom Diagnostics software – version 6.3 or
later – is required. Select “ACB” from the starter screen,
then “Start with ECU”. Click “DTC” to show the diagnostic
trouble codes. See Appendix C for screen shots. See
Section 4.3 for a complete table showing DTCs and
troubleshooting information.
4.21 READING THE SYSTEM
SOFTWARE VERSION
If during troubleshooting, you are asked for the Wingman
ACB software version, the number is found on the “Wingman
ACB Status” tab. See Figure 16. See also Section 5.1 for
other system indicators.
FIGURE 15 - BENDIX® ACOM® DIAGNOSTICS SOFTWARE HARDWARE INTERFACE SCREEN
.
FIGURE 16 - BENDIX® ACOM® DIAGNOSTICS SOFTWARE STARTER SCREEN SHOWING SOFTWARE VERSION
18
4.3 TABLE OF BENDIX® WINGMAN® ACB DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
See Table 6 below:
Table of Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs), Causes and Recommended Actions (4.3)
DTC
Actions
40 - Short to ground
41 - Short to battery
Voltage too high (includes DTCs 89, 92)
Voltage too low (includes DTCs 90, 91)
Possible causes:
These trouble codes result from incorrect ignition, battery supply
voltage, or wiring harness issues as measured at the radar
sensor.
Review the following sections:
• 4.5: Ignition Voltage Too Low
• 4.5: Ignition Voltage Too High
• 4.5: Power Supply Tests
• 4.8: Troubleshooting Wiring Harnesses
Perform the following:
• Verify ignition supply voltage to the radar sensor is between
9 to 16 VDC.
• Visually check for damaged or corroded connectors.
• Visually check for damaged wiring.
• Clear the Wingman Advanced trouble codes using the
procedure in Section 4.4: Clearing Diagnostic Trouble Codes
(DTCs). If the error returns, call the Bendix Tech Team for
assistance at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE.
55 - Maximum alignment value is reached
56 - Fast alignment value is reached
57 - Slight alignment value is reached
(This trouble code will not cause Wingman
Advanced to disable. Loss of performance
following a vehicle or following distance
alerts may be observed.)
Possible causes:
Radar sensor OUT OF ALIGNMENT
Review the following sections:
• 6.09: Check Lateral Alignment
• 6.10: Adjust Lateral Alignment
• 6.11: Reset the Alignment Value
Perform the following:
Clear the Wingman Advanced trouble codes using the procedure
in Section 4.4: Clearing Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs).
If the error returns, call Bendix for assistance at
1-800-AIR-BRAKE.
81 - Voltage too high
82 - Voltage too low
83 - Invalid Temperature
84 and 85 - Temperature too high
94 - Voltage too high
95 and 96 - Voltage too low
(All) Internal radar sensor errors:
1-39, 42-54, 58-80, 86-88, 93, 97-143,
145-151, 154, 194-196
152 - Transmission ratio learning process not
completed
Possible causes:
Some error conditions may occur at extreme high or low
temperatures. These trouble codes must be diagnosed
with the ambient temperature above 32°F (0°C).
Perform the following:
• Clear the Wingman Advanced trouble codes using the
procedure in Section 4.4: Clearing Diagnostic Trouble
Codes (DTCs).
• If the error returns, call the Bendix Tech Team for assistance
at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE.
144 - Vehicle is not providing expected
deceleration during engine retarder or
foundation braking
Possible causes:
Brake system and/or engine retarder are not performing as they
should.
Perform the following:
• Check engine, and engine retarder trouble codes.
• Inspect brake mechanical and pneumatic system for proper
operation.
• Clear the Wingman ACB trouble codes using the procedure
in Section 4.4: Clearing Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs).
• If the error returns, call the Bendix Tech Team for assistance
at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE.
TABLE 6 - DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (PAGES 19-23)
19
Table of Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs), Causes and Recommended Actions (4.3)
DTC
Actions
153 - J1939 All vehicle communications lost
155 - J1939 All vehicle communications lost
157 - J1939 signal error: ABS fully operational
158 - J1939 signal error: EBS brake switch
159 - J1939 signal error: ABS active
160 - J1939 signal error: ASR engine control/
ASR brake control active
161 - J1939 signal error: ABS based wheel
speed
163 - J1939 signal error: Foundation brake use
165 - Error in yaw rate signal
168 - J1939 signal error: Actual retarder percent
torque
169 - J1939 signal error: Actual retarder percent
torque
170 - J1939 signal error: Actual retarder percent
torque
171 - J1939 signal error: Driver demand retarder
percent torque
172 - J1939 signal error: Driver demand retarder
percent torque
173 - J1939 signal error: Driver demand retarder
percent torque
174 - J1939 signal error: Gross combination
vehicle weight
175 - J1939 signal error: Cruise control enable
switch
187 - J1939 signal error: Engine speed
188 - J1939 signal error: Actual engine percent
torque
189 - J1939 signal error: Nominal friction percent
torque
190 - J1939 signal error: Driver's demand:
engine percent torque
191 - J1939 signal error: Accelerator pedal
position 1
192 - J1939 signal error: Engine reference
torque
197 - J1939 signal error: CC active
198 - J1939 signal error: CC set speed
Possible causes:
J1939 missing signal on the communication link, or the source of
the signal is indicating an error in the signal.
Review the following sections:
• 1.10: Radar Sensor Interchangeability
• 4.6: J1939 Serial Data Communications Link
• 4.7: J1939 Engine Communications Test Procedure
• 4.7.1: J1939 Troubleshooting Procedure
• 4.8: Troubleshooting Wiring Harnesses
Perform the following:
• Check for loss of data communications.
• Check for damaged or reversed J1939 wiring.
• Check for damaged or corroded connectors.
• Check for other devices inhibiting J1939
communications.
• With the power off, check the resistance across connector
pins (60 ohm).
• Check the reverse polarity of J1939 communication circuits
at the engine, the ABS and the radar sensor, and at the
harness interconnections.
• Check the source of the signal to identify why the signal has
an error.
• Check the engine, engine retarder, and ABS for trouble codes
using the manufacturer’s diagnostic procedures. Either the
engine, engine retarder, or the ABS are the source of the signal.
If the signal is in error, then the issue is from the radar sensor
or switch input to one of these controllers. The signal with the
trouble code may be computed from one or more inputs to
these other controllers and may use an additional J1939
signal from another controller. The controller that broadcasts
the signal must be investigated first, but the origin of the
signal could be another component. Some examples are
gross vehicle weight and various engine torque signals.
• Clear the Bendix® Wingman® ACB system diagnostic trouble
codes using the procedure in Section 4.4: Clearing Diagnostic
Trouble Codes (DTCs).
• If the error returns, call the Bendix Tech Team for assistance
at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE.
156 - ABS off-road switch is turned on
Perform the following:
Check engine, and engine retarder trouble codes.
Inspect and troubleshoot the cruise control system wiring,
switches, etc. for proper operation.
• Clear the Wingman ACB DTCs using the procedure in
Section 4.4: Clearing Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs).
• If the error returns, call the Bendix Tech Team for assistance
at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE.
NOTE: Wingman ACB is disabled when the ABS off-road switch
is ON. However, the engine cruise control may still operate.
This DTC will result in the engine cruise control being deactivated.
TABLE 6 - DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (PAGES 19-23)
20
Table of Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs), Causes and Recommended Actions (4.3)
DTC
162 - DTC showing a problem in the interface of
the Wingman ACB brake system.
Find and correct all other Diagnostic
Trouble Codes (DTCs) using Acom before
attempting to diagnose this trouble code.
From the starter screen select EC-60
and “Start with ECU”. When prompted to
choose the hardware interface, confirm that
the Bendix® EC-60™ controller protocol
used will be J1708. Verify that the vehicle
is built with a Bendix ABS Advanced with
ESP® (Electronic Stability Program) brake
system.
Click “DTC” to show the diagnostic trouble
codes.
An in-depth investigation of the ABS
system is required to narrow down
the exact cause of a DTC 162. The
investigation requires information from both
Active ABS Diagnostic Trouble Codes and
ABS Information Events stored in the ECU
memory.
To obtain a report of all the information
stored in the ABS controller, select
the Report button. If further diagnosis
assistance is required from the Bendix
Tech Team at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE, save this
report (in HTML format) to e-mail to them.
Notes about interpreting ABS Info Events:
The ABS Info events are a history of
significant events in the life of the ABS
control system and are not cleared.
Rather the log keeps track of number of
occurrences, time stamp, power up time of
the event, and the speed of the vehicle. In
using the ABS Info Events care must be
taken to apply the time of a logged event
to the current time which an issue is being
diagnosed.
164 - Wingman ACB braking overuse
Actions
Possible causes:
• The controller may be recognizing that there are components
installed that have part numbers incompatible with the current
system configuration. (For example, when a technician
attempts to install a more recent radar sensor onto a vehicle
with an earlier Wingman ACB system.) Contact the dealer
or call the Bendix Tech Team at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE for the
correct part number to use, or the re-programming steps to
take for the newer part number to be accepted.
• The controller may be recognizing that there are components
installed that have part numbers incompatible with the
current system configuration.
• The controller may be detecting an intermittent power supply
to the radar sensor using. See the procedures in Section
4.5, making careful inspection of the wire circuits that supply
power and ground to the sensor.
• The controller may be detecting an active DTC for INVALID
OR INCORRECT J1939 XBR DATA. This will occur only
on a new vehicle that was assembled with an incorrectly
programmed ABS ECU or an older vehicle that had the ABS
ECU replaced with one that was incorrectly programmed.
This DTC indicates the parameters are not set properly to
activate Wingman braking. Replace ABS ECU with one
properly configured for Wingman.
• The controller may be detecting an ABS Information Event
for Axle 1 ABS Mods, or Axle 2 ABS Mods, or Trailer (ESP)
Mod, or ATC Mod. This means that the Wingman system
is recognizing that the ABS pressure modulator valves,
ATR relay valves, or the front or rear axle or trailer have
exceeded their service life. There is no loss of ABS braking,
traction control, or stability functions during this condition,
however the Wingman adaptive cruise control and collision
mitigation features will not be available. All of the pressure
modulators and ATR relay valves should be replaced. After
replacement, call the Bendix Tech Team at 1-800-AIRBRAKE who will supply a method to reset the counters and
clear the DTC.
After addressing the possible causes:
• Clear the Bendix® Wingman® ACB system DTCs using the
procedure in Section 4.4: Clearing Diagnostic Trouble Codes
(DTCs).
• If the error returns, call the Bendix Tech Team for assistance
at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE.
Possible causes:
The system was used improperly, such as on grades.
Review the following sections: Section 1.08: Alerts and
Warnings (Brake Overuse Alert description), also Appendix B7.0
Perform the following:
• Check engine, and engine retarder trouble codes.
• Clear the Wingman ACB trouble codes using the procedure in
Section 4.4: Clearing Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs).
• If the error returns, call the Bendix Tech Team for assistance
at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE.
TABLE 6 - DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (PAGES 19-23)
21
Table of Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs), Causes and Recommended Actions (4.3)
DTC
Actions
186 – J1939 Outside air temperature signal not
available or signal in error.
(This trouble code alone will not cause
Wingman ACB to disable. The heater on
the lens of the radar sensor will not operate
and will not prevent ice or snow build up.
The radar sensor may become blocked and
then Wingman ACB will disable, logging a
trouble code 201.)
Review the following sections:
• 4.6: J1939 Serial Data Communications Link
• 4.7: J1939 Engine Communications Test
• 4.8: J1939 Troubleshooting Procedure Wiring Harnesses
• Diagnostic Trouble Code 201 in Table 6
Perform the following:
Check for loss of data communications.
• Check for damaged or reversed J1939 wiring.
• Check for damaged or corroded connectors.
• Check for other devices inhibiting J1939 communications.
• With the power off, check the resistance across connector pins
(60 ohm) J1939.
• Check the reverse polarity of J1939 communications circuits at
engine, ABS, and radar sensor and at harness interconnections.
• Check the source of the signal for why the signal has an error.
• Check engine, and vehicle for trouble codes using the
manufacturers diagnostic procedures. The engine, or a vehicle
controller may be the sources of the signals. If the signal is in
error, then the issue is from the radar sensor input to one of
these controllers.
Clear the Wingman ACB trouble codes using the procedure in
Section 4.4: Clearing Diagnostic Trouble Codes.
If the error returns, call the Bendix Tech Team for assistance at
1-800-AIR-BRAKE.
193 - J1939 signal error: Reference velocity
unavailable
Possible causes: One or more components within the Bendix®
EC-60™ ABS, or ESP® stability system have active trouble codes
that need to be diagnosed and corrected.
Perform the following:
• Inspect the brake mechanical and pneumatic system for
proper operation. Correct any issues found in the ABS or ESP
systems. (See Bendix Service Data sheet SD-13-4869 for
more information.) Clear all trouble codes before proceeding
to the Wingman ACB system.
• Clear the Bendix® Wingman® ACB system trouble codes
using the procedure in Section 4.4: Clearing Diagnostic
Trouble Codes (DTCs).
• If the error returns, call the Bendix Tech Team for assistance
at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE.
199 - Wingman ACB self disable
Perform the following:
Check engine, and engine retarder trouble codes. Inspect and
troubleshoot the cruise control system wiring, switches, etc. for
proper operation.
• Clear the Wingman ACB trouble codes by cycling the power.
Start the engine.
• If the error returns, call the Bendix Tech Team for assistance
at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE.
Some system, signal or component caused
the Wingman ACB to be disabled. Engine
cruise control is unavailable and should
not operate when the Wingman ACB is
disabled.
201 - Radar sensor lens is dirty or blocked
202 - Forward vehicle is lost or too close to radar
sensor
TABLE 6 - DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (PAGES 19-23)
22
Possible causes:
These trouble codes may arise from infrequent conditions that
could occur normally.
Perform the following:
• Check for lens obstruction. Clean dirt or packed snow or ice
from the lens if present.
• Clear the Wingman ACB trouble codes using the
procedure in Section 4.4: Clearing Diagnostic Trouble
Codes (DTCs).
• If the error returns, call the Bendix Tech Team for assistance
at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE.
Table of Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs), Causes and Recommended Actions (4.3)
DTC
203 - Wingman ACB and ABS have a mismatch
of the Collision Mitigation Configuration
Actions
Possible causes:
• The controller is recognizing that there are components installed that have part numbers incompatible with the current system configuration. (For example, when a technician
attempts to install a more recent radar sensor onto a vehicle with an earlier Wingman ACB system, or a replacement ECU is programmed incorrectly for this vehicle's system.) Contact the dealer or call the Bendix Tech Team at
1-800-AIR-BRAKE for the correct part number to use, or the
reprogramming steps to take for the newer part number to
be accepted.
After addressing the possible causes:
• Clear the Bendix Wingman ACB trouble codes using the
procedure in Section 4.4: Clearing Diagnostic Trouble Codes
(DTCs).
• If the error returns, call the Bendix Tech Team for assistance
at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE.
TABLE 6 - DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (PAGES 19-23)
4.4 CLEARING DIAGNOSTIC
TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
This procedure must be used when troubleshooting the
diagnostic trouble codes shown in Table 6.
Clear the WingmanACB system Diagnostic Trouble Codes
(DTCs) using the Bendix® ACom® service tool. Click the
“Clear” button located on the “Read / Clear Fault Codes”
screen. Using ignition power only, power off the vehicle
for at least 15 seconds. Next start the engine and run it at
idle for at least 15 seconds.
Drive the vehicle and, on a test track or suitable section
of roadway, engage the cruise control to verify proper
operation.
If the error returns, call Bendix at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE for
assistance.
4.5 TROUBLESHOOTING DIAGNOSTIC
TROUBLE CODES: POWER SUPPLY
POWER SUPPLY TESTS
1. Take all measurements at the radar sensor harness
connector.
2. Place a load (e.g. 1157 stop lamp) across the supply
voltage and ground connection. Measure the voltage
with the load. The supply voltage on pin 8 to ground
should measure between 10 to 16 VDC (volts DC).
3. Check for damaged wiring, damaged or corroded
connectors and loose connections.
4. Check the condition of vehicle battery and associated
components. Ensure the connection to ground is
secure and tight.
5. Using the procedures described by the vehicle
manufacturer, check the alternator output for excessive
noise.
Power Supply Pin Codes (4.5)
Pin #
Designation
Description
1
GND (-)
Radar Sensor Ground
IGNITION VOLTAGE TOO LOW
2
CAN-H
J1939 High
Measure the ignition voltage under load. Ensure that the
ignition voltage is greater than 10 VDC (volts DC). Check
the vehicle battery and associated components. Inspect
for damaged wiring, damaged or corroded connectors and
loose connections. Check the condition of the fuse.
3
CAN-L
J1939 Low
4
NC
No Connection
5
NC
No Connection
IGNITION VOLTAGE TOO HIGH
Measure the ignition voltage. Ensure that ignition voltage
is not greater than 16 VDC. Check the vehicle battery
and associated components. Inspect for damaged wiring,
damaged or corroded connectors and loose connections.
6
NC
No Connection
7
NC
No Connection
8
IGN (+)
Supply Voltage
NOTE: View from pin side
TABLE 7 - POWER SUPPLY PIN CODES
23
4.6 SERIAL DATA (J1939)
COMMUNICATIONS LINK
Check for a loss of communications between the Bendix®
Wingman® ACB system radar sensor, the ABS controller,
the engine ECU, and other devices connected to the
J1939 link. Check for damaged or reversed J1939 wiring.
Check for corroded or damaged connectors and loose
connections. Using procedures described by the vehicle
manufacturer, verify the presence of the engine ECU and
the ABS controller on the J1939 link.
Verify the engine ECU con figuration. Check for other
devices inhibiting J1939 communications.
4.7 ENGINE COMMUNICATIONS
(J1939) TEST PROCEDURE
The Wingman ACB system requires several J1939
messages from the engine ECU to control the engine
and retarder torque for distance control and braking. The
Wingman ACB system will set a diagnostic trouble code if
one of these messages is not present.
Use the engine manufacturer’s diagnostic test procedures
to verify that there are no errors present in the engine that
may prevent the Wingman ACB system from controlling
the engine or retarder torque.
4.7.1 J1939 TROUBLESHOOTING
PROCEDURE
1. Take all measurements at the harness connector unless
otherwise indicated.
CAUTION: DO NOT INSERT PROBES INTO THE BACK
SIDE OF THE CONNECTOR AS THIS WILL DAMAGE THE
SEAL AROUND THE WIRE.
CAUTION: DO NOT INSERT ANY PROBE INTO THE
PIN ON THE MATING CONNECTOR OF THE RADAR
SENSOR THAT IS GREATER THAN 0.62 MM DIAMETER
OR SQUARE. THIS WILL DAMAGE THE CONNECTOR PIN
AND REQUIRE REPLACEMENT OF THE HARNESS.
2. Check for damaged or reversed J1939 wiring.
If the J1939 HIGH or J1939 LOW wiring circuits are
damaged, such as shorting together, the entire J1939
link will be lost. The problem may be intermittent,
enabling the J1939 link to operate normally sometimes.
In that event, multiple diagnostic trouble codes will be
logged in multiple engine and vehicle controllers.
If the J1939 HIGH and J1939 LOW wiring circuits are
reversed, communication over the entire J1939 link will
not be lost. Only those devices that are outside of the
problem point from other devices will not receive, or be
able to transmit, data messages.
3. Check for corroded or damaged wiring connector
problems such as opens or shorts to voltage or ground.
24
If the connector terminals are corroded, this may be
an indication of water intrusion into the wiring system
and possibly into the radar sensor. Replacement of
the entire harness is recommended. If the terminals
of the radar sensor are corroded, replacement of the
radar sensor is recommended.
4. Check for other J1939 devices which may be inhibiting
J1939 communication. The service technician should
consult the vehicle manufacturer’s procedures for
other J1939 troubleshooting procedures. The device’s
power should be removed and measurements made at
the ECU pins for shorts to ground and power pins and
resistance between the J1939 HIGH or J1939 LOW
input circuits.
5. Unplug the radar sensor. With the ignition switch off,
measure the resistance (ohms) using a multimeter
between harness pins 2 and 3. The reading should be
approximately 60 ohms. If it is not, the vehicle wiring
should be investigated using procedures described by
the manufacturer.
6. Unplug the radar sensor. With the ignition switch off,
using a multimeter, measure the resistance in ohms,
between harness pins 2 and ground. The measurement
should indicate an open circuit or very high resistance.
If this is not the case, the vehicle wiring should be
investigated using procedures described by the
manufacturer.
7. Unplug the radar sensor. With the ignition switch off,
using a multimeter, measure the resistance in ohms,
between harness pins 3 and ground. The measurement
should indicate an open circuit or very high resistance.
If this is not the case, the vehicle wiring should be
investigated using procedures described by the
manufacturer.
4.8 TROUBLESHOOTING
WIRING HARNESSES
All wire harness connectors must be properly seated to
maintain environmental seals. Push the mating connector
until it seals with a click. When replacing an ACB radar
sensor, check that the wire harness connector is free of
corrosion before plugging into a new radar sensor. Check
for corroded or damaged wiring connector problems such
as opens or shorts to voltage or ground.
If the connector terminals are corroded, this may be an
indication of water intrusion into the wiring system and
possibly into the radar sensor. Replacement of the entire
harness is recommended. If the terminals of the radar
sensor are corroded, replacement of radar sensor is
recommended.
5.0 OTHER SYSTEM FEATURES SECTION
Section Index
5.1
Reading Bendix® Wingman® ACB
5.2
System Key Indicators
Diagnostic
. . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Trouble Code (DTC) Self Clearing . . . . . . . 25
5.3
Following Distance Adjustment Switch
(Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
5.4
Configuring Wingman ACB Following
Distance Alerts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
5.5
Extracting Bendix® Wingman® ACB
System Data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
5.5.1
Data Availability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
5.5.2
Data Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
5.5.3
Extracting Data and Saving a Report . . . . . 27
5.1 READING BENDIX® WINGMAN®
ACB SYSTEM KEY INDICATORS
To check the Bendix ® Wingman ® ACB system key
indicators such as software version number, Bendix®
ACom® Diagnostics version 6.3 or higher, must be used.
From the main menu of ACom Diagnostics software, the
technician highlights ACB, then clicks “Start with ECU”.
The ACB Status screen will appear. Clicking “Config” will
display the key system indicators. See Section 4.21 for an
example of reading the software version. See Figure 17 for
an example of ACom software configuration information.
See Appendix D.
NOTE: ACom® Diagnostics is also used for troubleshooting
Bendix® ESP®, ATC, and ABS systems.
FIGURE 17 - BENDIX® ACOM® SCREEN SHOWING
CONFIGURATION NUMBER
5.2 BENDIX® WINGMAN® ACB DIAGNOSTIC
TROUBLE CODE (DTC) SELF-CLEARING
Many of the diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs) will automatically clear when the cause of the problem is corrected.
When the technician troubleshoots a diagnostic trouble
code, it is recommended that the Bendix® ACom® Diagnostics (version 6.3 or higher) service tool be used to
clear the diagnostic trouble codes as directed by the repair
procedure.
Some codes will clear immediately and the functionality
will resume. Some codes will clear after powering off the
ignition for about 15 seconds and then turning it back on.
Other codes will clear after the engine runs for about 15
seconds.
If the vehicle’s cruise control can be engaged, that indicates
all Wingman ACB trouble codes have been cleared.
5.3 FOLLOWING DISTANCE
ADJUSTMENT SWITCH (OPTIONAL)
If the vehicle is equipped with the following distance
adjustment switch and the following distance does not
change after an adjustment is made, the switch, wiring,
or a controller on the vehicle should be checked using
the diagnostic procedures described by the vehicle
manufacturer. The radar sensor receives the driver’s
desired following distance on the J1939 data communication
link from a controller on the vehicle. No diagnostic trouble
code will be set if the vehicle is not equipped with a following
distance adjustment switch.
25
5.4 CONFIGURING BENDIX® WINGMAN® ACB FOLLOWING DISTANCE ALERTS
Multiple alert and distance setting strategies, known as Following Distance Alert (FDA) configurations, can be chosen
using the Bendix® ACom® Diagnostics tool. In ACom software (version 6.3 or higher), the service technician will find a
selection box called “Configuration Number” which gives the service technician the choices shown in Figure 18 and in
Table 8.
See Appendix B for an example of following distance alerts for systems where a Bendix® Driver Interface Unit (DIU) is used.
Configuring Wingman ACB Following Distance Alerts (5.4)
Following Distance
Audible Alert (sec.)
Configuration
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
See Note
Below
9
See Note
Below
Option
Alert 1:
Slow
Alert 2:
Medium
Alert 3:
Fast
City
—
—
0.5
Highway (>37 mph)
1.5
1.0
0.5
City
—
—
0.5
Highway (>37 mph)
1.5
1.0
0.5
City
—
1.5
1.0
Highway (>37 mph)
2.0
1.5
1.0
City
—
1.5
1.0
Highway (>37 mph)
2.0
1.5
1.0
City
—
1.5
1.0
Highway (>37 mph)
3.0
2.0
1.0
City
3.0
1.5
1.0
Highway (>37 mph)
3.0
2.0
1.0
City
—
—
0.2
Highway (>37 mph)
—
—
0.2
City
—
—
0.5
Highway (>37 mph)
1.5
1.0
0.5
City
—
—
0.5
Highway (>37 mph)
1.5
1.0
0.5
Default
ACB
Following
Distance
(seconds)
2.8
3.5
2.8
3.5
3.5
3.5
2.8
1.7
2.3
TABLE 8 - CONFIGURING FOLLOWING DISTANCE ALERTS (FDA) FOLLOWING DISTANCE.
Note: Configurations 8 and 9 are available on select applications only and may not be available on your system.
Note 1: For Con figurations 8 and 9 the stationary
object alert minimum activation speed is 30 mph. All
other configurations are 10 mph.
26
5.5.3 EXTRACTING DATA AND
SAVING A REPORT
The ACom Diagnostics tool and User Guide
is available online at “ABS Software” link under “Services and Support” on the Bendix website
(www.bendix.com). Use the User Guide for specific instructions
on extracting data from the Wingman ACB system.
After a successful connection, the service technician will
be presented with the window shown in Figure 20.
Select “Start ACB Data Log”. The service technician will be asked to enter the vehicle ID and
mileage. This data will be stored in the report.
See Figure 20.
FIGURE 18 - BENDIX® ACOM® DIAGNOSTICS –
CONFIGURATION NUMBER (SHOWING CONFIGURATION
ONE SELECTED). SEE ALSO TABLE 8.
Changing configuration allows the fleet user to adjust both
the following distance alerts and the following distance
behind a detected forward vehicle. See Figure 18.
5.5 EXTRACTING BENDIX®
WINGMAN® ACB SYSTEM DATA
5.5.1 DATA AVAILABILITY
Data will not be stored by the system until the “Clear
Resettable Data Log” (see Figure 19) is selected and
the proper Bendix® ACom® Diagnostics license key is
present. Contact Bendix (1-800-AIR-BRAKE) for the ACom
Diagnostics software license key and the set-up procedure.
FIGURE 20 - VEHICLE DATA
The service technician can choose whether to “Print”,
“Print Preview”, “E-mail”, or “Save” the report to disk. See
Figure 21. The data can be saved as a comma delimited
file or an HTML web page file.
FIGURE 19 - CLEARING THE RESETTABLE DATA LOG
See Figure 22 on next page for a sample report.
5.5.2 DATA OVERVIEW
At the fleet’s discretion, Wingman ACB makes data available
(see Figure 22), in a data log, regardless of whether or not
ACB is used. The log can be reset using the Bendix ACom
Diagnostics software as often as needed.
FIGURE 21 - REPORT MODE
27
28
FIGURE 22 - TYPICAL WINGMAN ACB VEHICLE REPORT
6.0 BENDIX® WINGMAN® ADVANCED™
RADAR SENSOR MOUNTING AND
INSTALLATION SECTION
Note: This section only covers Bendix-supplied mounting
arrangements. (See Figure 23 for Bendix-supplied
mounting arrangement. At time of printing, Bendixsupported mounting arrangements are used on Mack®
and Volvo® trucks). For other mounting arrangements
consult the OEM.
Section Index
6.01 Vehicle Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
6.02 Radar Sensor Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
6.03 Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
6.04 Radar sensor Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
6.05 Cover Removal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
6.06 Bendix® Alignment Tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
6.07 Check Vertical Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
6.08 Vertical Adjustment Procedure . . . . . . . . . . 32
6.09 Check Lateral Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
6.10 Lateral Adjustment Procedure . . . . . . . . . . 33
6.11 Reset Lateral Alignment Value . . . . . . . . . . 33
6.12 Reinstall The Plastic Cover . . . . . . . . . . . 33
6.01 VEHICLE APPLICATIONS
The radar sensor can be mounted and installed only on
vehicles that have Wingman Advanced already installed.
At this time Wingman Advanced can not be retrofitted onto
vehicles, even if that vehicle is equipped with the Bendix®
ESP® stability system.
6.02 RADAR SENSOR MOUNTING
When mounting a radar sensor, the wire harness connector
should always point down. The radar sensor assembly
is mounted to the front of the vehicle using an adjustable
bracket. This adjustable bracket allows for the radar sensor
to be properly aimed laterally and vertically to maximize
Wingman Advanced system performance.
The assembly should always be mounted in the original
OEM location. If this location is not in the center of the
vehicle, the mounting offset will need to be programmed
through Bendix® ACom® Diagnostics software; see Section
6.09: Check Lateral Alignment.
For proper operation of your Wingman Advanced system,
adhere to the following guidelines:
• The radar sensor assembly should be rigidly installed
on the vehicle following all OEM recommended torque
specifications.
• The radar sensor assembly should be installed in the
original OEM designated location.
• The radar sensor cover should always be installed.
This helps protect components such as the connector
and wiring harness from road debris.
• The radar sensor assembly must be oriented so that the
electrical connector points down. Mounting the radar
upside down will impair performance significantly.
• The radar’s field of view must NOT have interference
from any other vehicle components such as bumpers,
cow-catcher bumpers, engine blankets, seasonal
decorations, or any other commonly mounted front-ofvehicle components.
NOTE: If original OEM installation was behind a translucent
panel, this panel must be reinstalled. Check the panel for
damage or scratches that may impact the performance of
Advanced. Replace the panel, if necessary, with an original
OEM supplied panel. Do not paint over the panel.
6.03 REPLACEMENT PARTS
Replacement parts exist for all components shown in Figure 23. Parts are available from any Bendix authorized parts supplier.
ADJUSTABLE
BRACKET
COVER
ADAPTER
PLATE
COVER
FASTENERS
RADAR
SOURCE
Typical Radar Sensor Assembly
• Advanced Radar sensor (or Advanced
Radar Sensor)
• Adjustable Bracket
• Cover Fasteners – Plastic Tree Style
Typical Advanced Assembly with Adapter
Plate
•
•
•
•
Radar
Adjustable Bracket
Adapter Plate
Cover Fasteners – Plastic Tree Style
Advanced Cover
• Cover Fasteners – Plastic Tree
Style (Note: cover may vary
depending on OEM installation)
FIGURE 23 - TYPICAL ADVANCED ASSEMBLIES AND COVER WITH SERVICE REPLACEMENT PARTS
29
6.04 RADAR SENSOR ALIGNMENT
Accurate vertical and lateral alignment of the radar sensor
is critical for proper operation of Bendix ® Wingman ®
Advanced™. Improper alignment will cause false warnings,
missed warnings and a diagnostic trouble code in the
system.
The radar sensor is mounted to the front of the vehicle
using an adjustable bracket. Use the following procedures
to align the radar sensor in its adjustable bracket:
6.07.2 If the vehicle has an air suspension system, charge
the system and set it to “level” prior to carrying out an
radar sensor check or alignment procedure. If the
system is not charged, the vertical alignment will be off
and the Wingman Advanced system will not perform
correctly.
6.07.3 For an accurate check (and adjustment, if necessary) of the vertical alignment, the vehicle needs to be
parked on a flat, level surface.
NOTE: If the service technician is unable to park
the vehicle on a level floor, a digital inclinometer
must be used to align the sensor vertically.
6.07.4. Position the alignment tool over the sensor so that
it straddles the sensor. Attach the alignment tool to the
bracket/sensor assembly using its magnet attachments.
Use the Lateral Alignment level to make sure that the
alignment tool is approximately horizontal width-wise.
See Figures 27 and 28.
Magnetic
Attachments (3)
Cover Fasteners Plastic
Tree Style (3)
FIGURE 24 - COVER AND PLACEMENT OVER RADAR
SENSOR ASSEMBLY
6.05 COVER REMOVAL
To remove the cover, use a slight force to pull the cover up
and away from the bracket. The three cover fasteners do
not need to be removed. See Figures 24 and 25.
Location
for Digital
Inclinometer
(Preferred
Method)
Lateral Alignment Laser Level
(Original design shown)
Vertical Alignment Bubble
Level (Original design only)
FIGURE 26 - BENDIX® ALIGNMENT TOOL (K041451 OR
K041227)
FIGURE 25 - COVER REMOVAL
Magnetic
Attachments
Radar Sensor
6.06 BENDIX® ALIGNMENT TOOLS
The Bendix® Alignment Tools (Bendix part nos: K065284,
K041451, or K041227) - available from Bendix parts outlets are used to align the radar sensor both vertically and laterally.
They fasten magnetically to the radar sensor assembly for
easy placement and removal. See Figures 26-28.
6.07 CHECK THE RADAR SENSOR
VERTICAL ALIGNMENT
See Section 6.06 for the Bendix® Alignment Tools available.
Additionally, Bendix strongly recommends that a digital
inclinometer should be when checking the vertical alignment
of the radar sensor.
6.07.1 Remove the cover as shown in Section 6.05: Cover
Removal.
30
FIGURE 27 - ATTACHING THE ALIGNMENT TOOL (SHOWS
TOOL K041451 OR K041227)
6.07.5 Check the vertical Alignment.
Using the standard tool K065284. With the air
suspension charged and set to “level”, calibrate (“zero”)
the inclinometer on a horizontal section of the frame rail.
Follow the manufacturer’s instructions (typically digital
inclinometers have a “SET” button for this purpose).
Vertical Alignment
Bubble Level
Check the alignment with the alignment tool in position
so that it straddles the radar sensor. Verify that
the radar is aligned downward, towards the road
surface in front of the vehicle, by -1.3° (± 0.8°), when
measured by an inclinometer set to zero on the vehicle’s
frame. If the sensor is not aligned correctly, follow the
instructions in section 6.08.
FIGURE 30 - VERTICAL ALIGNMENT BUBBLE LEVEL
Magnetic
Attachments (3)
Ideal bubble position - just touching the
line nearest to the vehicle.
Typical Location
for Digital
Inclinometer
(Preferred
Method)
Lateral Alignment Laser
FIGURE 28 - VERTICAL ALIGNMENT TOOL (K065284)
FIGURE 31 - USING THE BUBBLE POSITION TO CHECK
THE VERTICAL ALIGNMENT (VEHICLE ON LEVEL GROUND)
If the sensor is not aligned correctly, follow the
instructions in section 6.0.8
6.08 RADAR SENSOR VERTICAL
ALIGNMENT ADJUSTMENT PROCEDURE
NOTE: Complete these steps only if a vertical adjustment
is necessary.
Tools needed:
7 mm box wrench and Bendix® alignment tool.
FIGURE 29 - INCLINOMETER
6.07.6 If you have the original design of alignment
tool K041451 or K041227 (See Figure 26):
Vertical
Adjustment
Screw
4 Vertical Position
Screws
(2 per side)
Loosen - Do Not
Remove
Where a digital inclinometer is available — or if a flat,
level location is not available (in which case a digital
inclinometer must be used) — do not use the bubble
level.
Verify that the radar is aligned downward, towards
the road surface in front of the vehicle, by -1.3° (± 0.8°),
when measured by an inclinometer set to zero on the
vehicle’s frame.
Where the bubble-level may be used, verify that the
bubble just touches the line nearest the vehicle. This
shows that an incline of approximately one half of a
degree downward has been set. See Figure 31.
FIGURE 32 - VERTICAL ADJUSTMENT (NOTE THIS IMAGE
DOES NOT SHOW THE ALIGNMENT TOOL INSTALLED)
31
1. Be sure the vehicle is prepared as shown in Sections
6.07.1-3.
2. With the Bendix alignment tool still in place, loosen the
four vertical position screws. DO NOT remove these
screws. See Figure 31. During the adjustment, turn the
vertical alignment screw clockwise or counterclockwise
depending on the vertical direction (up or down)
needed. Clockwise aligns the radar sensor up and
counterclockwise moves the radar sensor down.
3. Where the original tool is being used: (kits K041451
or K041227)
In cases where a digital inclinometer is not being used,
the adjustment should be made until the bubble is just
touching the line closest to the vehicle (See Figure 31.)
4. Where a digital inclinometer is being used:
Adjust the vertical adjustment screw until the digital
inclinometer shows that the radar is aligned
downward, towards the road surface in front of the
vehicle, by -1.3° (± 0.8°), when measured by an
inclinometer set to zero on the vehicle’s frame. (See
Figure 29.)
5. Re-tighten the four vertical position screws to hold
desired alignment in place.
6. Re-check the vertical alignment after tightening the four
vertical position screws.
5. Using a ruler or tape measure, measure the distance
from a symmetrical vehicle point (such as the tow
hooks) to the laser light line. Record this measurement.
See Figure 35.
NOTE: The technician must be extremely careful
during the laser positioning process to double-check
the values measured on each side of the truck. Be
sure to check back and forth for each side of the radar
sensor several times to ensure accuracy.
6. Repeat the same process for the opposite side and
measure the reference distance to the laser line.
For tool K042452, the blue laser level is rotated 180
degrees, and for tool K065284, the whole tool is
reversed so that the laser light points to the other side
of the vehicle.
7. Compare the left and right distance measurements.
A properly aligned radar sensor will have the same
measurement from side to side. If these two dimensions
are within 1/8” (3 mm), no alignment is necessary. If
not, follow the instructions in Section 6.10: Lateral
Adjustment Procedure.
Beam Reference
Lines
Laser Light
Beam
Note: The alignment process shown here is for Bendix
alignment brackets. For other brackets, similar alignment
steps will be needed; consult the vehicle manual for full
instructions.
6.09 CHECK THE RADAR SENSOR
LATERAL ALIGNMENT
See Section 6.06 for available Bendix® Alignment Tools.
Tools needed: 7 mm box wrench, Bendix® alignment
tool and a tape measure.
1. Park the vehicle on a flat, level surface. The vertical
alignment must be checked and adjusted, if needed,
before the lateral adjustment can be made.
FIGURE 33 - POSITIONING THE LASER LEVEL (KITS
K041451 OR K041227)
The Whole
Tool is
Reversed for
the Second
Measurement
2. Remove the cover as shown previously in Section 6.05:
Cover Removal.
3. Position the alignment tool over the radar sensor so that
it straddles the radar sensor. Attach the alignment tool
to the bracket / radar sensor assembly with its magnet
attachments. See Figures 33 and 34.
4. Activate the lateral alignment laser light “on” switch.
For kits K041451 or K041227, position and place it in
its cradle, making sure it is sitting level, and align the
laser beam between the reference lines on the Bendix
alignment tool left or right. See Figure 32.
For kit K065284, place the tool into postion for the first
measurement. (The tool will be reversed when the
second measurement is made.)
32
Laser
Light Beam
Lateral Alignment
Laser
FIGURE 34 - USING THE LATERAL ALIGNMENT LEVEL
(KIT K065284)
Laser Light Line
Lateral
Adjustment
Screw
FIGURE 37 - LATERAL ADJUSTMENT
2. See Figure 37. Adjust the lateral adjustment screw until
the desired alignment is reached. DO NOT remove the
screws. Use steps 4 through 7 in Section 6.09: Check
Lateral Alignment section to measure.
FIGURE 35 - LATERAL ALIGNMENT VERIFICATION
NOTE: The lateral alignment also can be checked with
Bendix ACom® Diagnostics (version 6.3 or higher). A
value between -0.8° and 0.8° is acceptable and the
system should operate normally. A value between
-0.8° to -1.3° OR 0.8° to 1.3° means the radar sensor is
misaligned and system performance will be degraded.
The service technician should align the radar sensor
using the procedures noted in this section.
If the value is less than (<) -1.3°, or greater than
(>) 1.3°, the system will typically issue a Diagnostic
Trouble Code. The service technician should align
the radar sensor laterally. A positive value means the
radar sensor should be aligned toward the driver side.
A negative value means the radar sensor should be
aligned towards the passenger side. The vehicle must
be driven at least 20 miles between adjustments. See
“Alignment Value” in Figure 17.
3
Retighten the four lateral position screws to hold the
desired alignment in place.
4. Recheck the lateral alignment as described above.
5. After the lateral alignment procedure is complete, if
there is an active misalignment DTC (codes 55, 56, or
57), reset the alignment value using the procedure in
Section 6.11.
6.11 RESET LATERAL ALIGNMENT VALUE
IN BENDIX® ACOM® DIAGNOSTICS
If a “radar alignment” diagnostic trouble code (DTC) was
logged, after repairs, the vehicle will need to be connected
to a PC with ACom Diagnostics software to reset the
“Alignment Value” to zero.
1. In ACom Diagnostics select Wingman Advanced on the
starter screen, and then select “Start with ECU.”
2. Select “Config” on the Wingman Advanced Status
window.
6.10 LATERAL ADJUSTMENT PROCEDURE
3. Select “Modify” on the Configuration Status window.
NOTE: Complete these steps only if a vertical adjustment
is necessary.
4. Select “Reset Alignment Value” in the Change
Configuration box.
1. Loosen the four lateral position screws. DO NOT fully
remove them. See Figure 36.
5. Select “Write” button in the dialogue box.
Four Lateral Position Screws
[Two (2) on the top and two (2) on the bottom]
Loosen - Do Not Remove
6. Clear the Bendix ® Wingman ® Advanced ™ system
trouble code using the procedure in Section
4.4: Clearing Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs). Also,
see Appendix D.
7. Close the ACom Diagnostics program and any open
windows.
8. Cycle the vehicle ignition.
6.12 REINSTALL THE PLASTIC COVER
FIGURE 36 - LATERAL POSITION SCREWS
With a slight force, push the cover onto the bracket so that
the plastic fasteners line up with the slots on the plastic
cover. Ensure the cover is secure over the radar sensor
assembly before driving the vehicle.
33
APPENDIX A - TROUBLESHOOTING CHECKLIST
Appendix A
Troubleshooting Checklist
Detailed Scenarios and Tests
Record Driver’s Answers for
Follow-up with Bendix
Does the vehicle maintain its set speed when cruise control is switched on and
set?
Yes
No
_____________
Is the cruise control “set” icon displayed?
Yes
No
_____________
Yes
No
_____________
While following a forward vehicle within radar range and the cruise control
switched on and set, observe the following:
Is the forward vehicle detected icon displayed?
Icon Color______________
What color is the icon?
When the forward vehicle slows down, does the truck also slow down to
maintain the set distance?
Yes
No
_____________
Yes
No
_____________
Does the vehicle slow and Advanced maintain the following distance?
Yes
No
_____________
Is the engine throttle reduced?
Yes
No
_____________
Is the engine retarder applied?
Yes
No
_____________
Are foundation brakes applied?
Yes
No
_____________
Are there diagnostic trouble codes logged?
Yes
No
_____________
Does the truck proceed toward the forward vehicle without a following
distance alert or braking intervention?
Yes
No
_____________
Does Advanced continue to follow the vehicle through the curves following
at a constant distance?
Yes
No
_____________
Does the truck proceed toward the forward vehicle without a following
distance alert or braking intervention?
Yes
No
_____________
Does Advanced ignore the vehicle you are overtaking?
Yes
No
_____________
Does it give a following distance alert?
Yes
No
_____________
With engine cruise “off” and a forward vehicle present, does the audible alert
become faster as the truck moves closer to the forward vehicle?
With cruise control switched on and set, when the forward vehicle slows
moderately or cuts in front of the truck and slows, did you observe any of the
following conditions?
With cruise control engaged, and while following a vehicle ahead in gentle
curves (assuming a 3 to 3.5 second following distance):
With cruise engaged, when your vehicle passes a slower vehicle on left or right
on a straight or slightly curvy road:
34
Appendix A
Appendix A
Troubleshooting Checklist
Detailed Scenarios and Tests
Record Driver’s Answers for
Follow-up with Bendix
With cruise engaged, and a faster vehicle passes your vehicle on the left or
right on a straight or slightly curvy road:
Does your vehicle throttle up and try to keep pace with the faster moving
vehicle?
Yes
No
_____________
Does it give a following distance alert?
Yes
No
_____________
Does your vehicle slow and Advanced maintain the following distance?
Yes
No
_____________
Is the engine throttle reduced?
Yes
No
_____________
Is the engine retarder applied?
Yes
No
_____________
Are the foundation brakes applied?
Yes
No
_____________
Are there diagnostic trouble codes logged?
Yes
No
_____________
Does your truck proceed toward the forward vehicle without a following
distance alert or braking intervention?
Yes
No
_____________
With cruise control engaged, if the vehicle ahead slows moderately or cuts in
front of your truck and slows down:
What version of Bendix® ABS and Bendix® Wingman® Advanced™ is installed on
the vehicle? See Section 4.21: Reading the Advanced Software Version.
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
What are the key system indicators?
See Section 5.1: System Key Indicators.
Call the Bendix Tech Team at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE for troubleshooting assistance.
Appendix A
35
APPENDIX B - DRIVER INTERFACE UNIT (DIU): DISPLAYS AND ALERTS
Appendix B
Driver Interface Unit: Displays & Alerts
B1 Operator Interface
The Bendix® Wingman® ACB system is either integrated into the vehicle's dash or console, or uses the Bendix®
Driver Interface Unit (DIU) to communicate with the driver. (For integrated systems, see the vehicle operator’s
manual for more information.)
This Section describes the functions of the DIU. The DIU mounts in, or on, the vehicle dash and provides the
interface between the driver and the ACB system. The DIU provides visual and audio warnings to the driver
and accepts input from the driver through the “Up”, “Down” and “OK” buttons.
The DIU contains an internal speaker to provide audible warnings, 2 LED arrays (one each in yellow and red),
a single orange and blue LED and an LCD screen for visual warnings, and a light radar sensor to distinguish
between day and night conditions.
B1.1 Start-Up Mode
At initialization, the DIU executes self-test routines during which the following screens are displayed and all
LEDs are activated (power-on bulb check) for approximately 3 seconds. If configured, a power-up tone is
also sounded.
Three Red LEDs
Illuminated
All Yellow LEDs
Illuminated
Single Blue
LED Illuminated
Single Orange
LED Illuminated
(No LEDs
Illuminated)
(No LEDs
Illuminated)
Buttons
WINGMAN® ACB
Active Cruise with Braking
NOTE:
WINGMAN® ACB
Uses Foundation Brakes
NOTE:
(No LEDs
Illuminated)
36
Read Operator's Manual
before using
Appendix B
Appendix B
Driver Interface Unit: Displays & Alerts
When the initialization sequence is complete, the following screen is displayed for approximately 3 seconds
to indicate the features available to the driver.
(No LEDs
Illuminated)
ACB
Bendix
Next, the DIU will enter normal operation. Under normal operation, the screen is:
(No LEDs
Illuminated)
If the Bendix® Wingman® ACB goes into self-test mode, the DIU may briefly display the “Bendix Self-Test”
screen. Also, the audible distance alerts will activate, followed by a screen indicating that the self-test has
run. Below left is the screen that will be briefly displayed if the self-test runs and passes. Below right is the
screen that will be briefly displayed if the self-test runs and fails. If the self-test fails, a diagnostic trouble code
(DTC) will be set. The driver should turn off the vehicle, wait 15 seconds and then turn it back on again. If the
problem persists, a qualified technician will be necessary for troubleshooting. See the “Power-Up Self-Test”
in this service data sheet Section 3.1: Troubleshooting Basics for further information.
Bendix
Single Yellow LED
Illuminated
(Followed
by a Single
Orange
LED
Illuminated)
Self Test
Bendix
Self Test Failed
B1.2 Menu Operation
Pressing the “OK” button at any time will enter the “Menu Operation Mode”. The following selections will
appear in a scrollable window. Some items may not appear if the feature is not configured or not allowed as
shown below.
• Volume
• Dist. Setting (Distance Setting)
• Dist. Units (Distance Units)
• US/Metric
• Brightness
• System Status
• Diag. Display (Diagnostic Display)
• Demo (Demonstration. Note: Demo is available only when vehicle is not moving)
The desired menu item is highlighted using the up (
) or down (
with the “OK” button. The following sections describe each menu item.
Appendix B
) arrow buttons and selected
37
Appendix B
Driver Interface Unit: Displays & Alerts
B1.3 Volume
Selecting “Volume” from the main menu displays the following screen:
(No LEDs
Illuminated)
The driver uses the up (
this menu item.
)/down (
Volume
) arrow buttons to change the volume. Pressing the “OK” button exits
The modified volume setting will be retained through ignition cycles unless configured not to do so. If not
configured, the volume setting will default to 100% on each new ignition cycle.
NOTE: The DIU can be configured to limit the minimum volume setting that the driver can select. The bar
shown above always represents the adjustable range based on minimum and maximum values. For example,
if the minimum value is set to 50% (midpoint between lowest (70 +/- 3dB) and highest (89 +/- 3dB) audio
levels, the bar represents an adjustable range from 50% (approx. 80dB) to 100% (approx. 89dB). Once the
minimum (or maximum) has been reached, a message will be shown indicating that further adjustment is not
allowed (e.g. “Minimum volume reached”). The step change per button press is approximately 2dB.
B1.4 Distance Setting (Dist. Setting)
On systems where changes are permitted, the “Distance Setting” option from the main menu will adjust the
following distance that the Bendix® Wingman® ACB system will attempt to maintain while in the following distance
mode. Distance Settings 1, 2, 3, and 4 will have different meanings based on the configuration chosen by the user
in Bendix® ACom® Diagnostics (version 6.3 or higher). Generally, 4 relates to the farthest distance setting available
and 1 relates to the closest distance setting available. In many of the ACB configurations available in ACom®, two
or more distance settings may be made equivalent to one another.
For more information on user configurations available through the Bendix ACom Diagnostics software, see
Section 5.4: Configuring Bendix Wingman ACB Following Distance Alerts in this Service Data sheet for further information.
Selecting “Dist. Setting” from the main menu displays the following screen:
(No LEDs
Illuminated)
Text
Here*
* Text may vary
depending on the
system installed
B1.5 Distance Units (Dist. Units)
From the “Dist. Units” menu item, the user may choose to have the following distance from the forward vehicle
displayed in either seconds or feet. By default, this item is set to seconds. If the user selects feet, the DIU will
display the approximate distance from the bumper to the selected forward vehicle in feet. If the user selects
seconds, the DIU will display the approximate distance from the bumper to the selected forward vehicle in
seconds.
NOTE: Following distance in seconds is calculated based on the current speed of the Wingman® ACB-equipped
truck, and the distance, in feet, away from the selected forward vehicle. For instance, if the selected forward
vehicle is 88 feet from the bumper of the Wingman ACB-equipped truck, and the Wingman ACB-equipped
truck is traveling 60 mph, then the following distance in seconds would be 1.0 seconds because a truck
traveling 60 mph can travel 88 feet in one (1) second.
38
Appendix B
Appendix B
Driver Interface Unit: Displays & Alerts
B1.6 US/Metric
From this menu item, the user may select whether English or Metric units are displayed. For instance in
“metric” mode, the following distance is shown in meters. In “US” mode, the following distance is shown in feet.
B1.7 Brightness
Selecting Brightness from the main menu displays the following screen:
(No LEDs
Illuminated)
Brightness
The driver uses the up (
)/down (
) arrow buttons to change the LCD backlighting, LED brightness and
button backlighting. Pressing the OK button exits this menu item.
The light radar sensor reading determines whether the current cab lighting mode is bright (day) or dark (night).
When the light mode is bright, any brightness adjustment made by the driver is applied to only the bright
mode setting. Likewise, when the light radar sensor sets the light mode to dark, any brightness adjustment
made by the driver is applied to only the dark mode setting. This functionality allows the driver to adjust the
brightness setting for the two cab lighting conditions after which the DIU will automatically toggle between the
two settings based on the light radar sensor’s input. Both the bright mode setting and the dark mode setting
are stored across power cycles.
NOTE: The DIU does not allow the brightness control to completely shut off the LEDs.
B1.8 System Status
This screen shows the con figured features of the system and their current operational status (i.e., “Failed”
or “OK”). The failed status means that some system malfunction is preventing the feature from properly
operating and that the feature is not available for use by the driver at this time. Pressing “OK” exits this menu
item.
(No LEDs
Illuminated)
Bendix
Wingman ACB
Wingman Adv.
OK
OK
B1.9 Diagnostics
Selecting Diagnostics from the main menu displays any active Bendix® Wingman® ACB Diagnostic Trouble
Code (DTC) conditions [including SAE standard diagnostic codes called J1939 SPNs (Suspect Parameter
Numbers) and J1939 FMIs (Failure Mode Identifiers)] that may be present in the DIU and radar sensor. The
following is a typical screen displayed in this mode when an active DTC is present:
(No LEDs
Illuminated)
DIU DIAGNOSTICS
SPN:00886 FMI:012
Appendix B
39
Appendix B
Driver Interface Unit: Displays & Alerts
B2.0 Driver Demonstration Mode
Selecting Demo from the main menu starts a demonstration mode that shows the various lights, display
screens, and sounds produced by the DIU – along with a brief explanation of their meaning – for the configured
features. Pressing the down ( ) arrow button advances through the screens. The up ( ) arrow button has
no functionality in this mode. The mode may be exited at any time by pressing the OK button.
NOTE: This mode can only be entered while the vehicle is not moving. Also, while in the demonstration
mode, if the vehicle begins to move, the demonstration mode terminates.
If a screen is associated only with a configurable feature, and that feature is not configured, then that screen
will not be shown in the demonstration mode.
The screens presented to the driver in the demonstration mode are shown with the following text: “Error!
Reference source not found.”
B3.0 Following Distance Alerts (FDAs)
One of the features of the Bendix® Wingman® ACB system is the Following Distance Alert (FDA). A proprietary
system combining vehicle speed, forward vehicle speed, distance, and driving scenario, FDAs are used to
provide the driver with distance alerts which are intelligent, in that they will give appropriate distance alerts for
the given situation. They alert the driver to objects far ahead in highway and country road driving situations
while not over-alerting in dense city traffic.
The radar sensor uses the DIU to communicate the FDA alerts to the driver. This system can be configured
through Bendix® ACom® Diagnostics software (version 6.3 or higher), for use by a fleet as a driver training
tool with or without coordinating the data made available by Wingman ACB. In addition to being a reminder
of when a driver may be dangerously close to the vehicle ahead, the following distance alerts may also be
configured to reinforce safe following distance habits taught by the fleet.
The FDA is based on the following interval between the host vehicle and the object ahead. In other words,
this is the time required by the host vehicle to travel forward and reach the object’s current location. With the
exception of the volume, the FDA may not be adjusted by the driver through the DIU. A qualified technician
must connect to the vehicle through the diagnostic port and run ACom® Diagnostics (version 6.3 or higher),
in order to change the configuration. The volume can not be turned all the way down, but other adjustments
may be made by the fleet. See Section B1.3 for more details on volume adjustment.
The FDA system is intended only to alert the driver about following distance. For more information on alerts
for forward objects with high relative velocities and sudden decelerations, see Section B4.0: Impact Alert.
Only objects detected in the vehicle's lane, traveling in the same direction, are considered valid objects for the
FDA. For more information on stationary objects, see Section B5.0: Stationary Object Alert.
See Section 5.4: Configuring Bendix Wingman ACB Following Distance Alerts.
The driver is always responsible for the control and safe
operation of the vehicle at all times. The Bendix Wingman
ACB system does not replace the need for a skilled, alert
professional driver, reacting appropriately and in a timely
manner, and using safe driving practices.
40
Appendix B
Appendix B
Driver Interface Unit: Displays & Alerts
B3.1 Object Detected
When there is no valid object detected and no other high priority alert is displayed, the DIU will stand by with
the following screen:
(No LEDs
Illuminated)
When a valid object is detected, and is outside the range of the first level of alert, and no other higher priority
alert is displayed, the DIU will display the following and no audio tones will be issued. The distance to the
object will be displayed in large characters in the white space at the center of the screen (not shown) in
seconds, feet, or meters, depending on the menu-selected preferences. By default, seconds will be displayed.
Object Detected
(No LEDs
Illuminated)
B3.2 Following Distance Alert (FDA) Level 1 (Slow audible two-tone alert/single LED illuminated)
When FDA Level 1 is issued, the following distance to the object/vehicle ahead has been reduced to the
distance determined in the current configuration for FDA Level 1. The DIU will begin to give the driver audio
and visual alerts for as long as the forward vehicle is in this zone and traveling at the same speed or slower.
The DIU will not display following distance units while in an FDA Level. For FDA Level 1, the audible alert will
be a single repeating tone, and the visual alert is a single yellow LED and a screen with the vehicles slightly
closer as shown below.
Object Detected
Single Yellow LEDs
Illuminated
B3.3 Following Distance Alert (FDA) Level 2 (Medium audible two-tone alert/two LED’s illuminated)
The DIU will give the driver audio and visual alerts for as long as the object/vehicle ahead is in this zone and
traveling at the same speed or slower. The DIU will not display following distance while in an FDA Level. For
FDA Level 2, the audible alert will be a repeating double tone, and the visual alert is two yellow LEDs and a
screen with the vehicles closer as shown below.
Object Detected
Two Yellow LEDs
Illuminated
Appendix B
41
Appendix B
Driver Interface Unit: Displays & Alerts
B3.4 Following Distance Alert (FDA) Level 3 (Fast audible two-tone alert/three yellow LEDs illuminated)
The DIU provides the driver with audio and visual alerts for as long as the vehicle ahead is in this zone and
traveling at the same speed or slower. This is the closest and most urgent Following Distance Alert.
The DIU will not display following distance while in an FDA Level. For FDA Level 3, the audible alert will be
a continuously repeating tone, and the visual alert is three yellow LEDs and a screen with the vehicles close
as shown below:
Object Detected
All Yellow LEDs
Illuminated
All five states of the FDA system can be seen together below.
(No LEDs
Illuminated)
(No Tone)
Object Detected
(No Tone)
(No LEDs
Illuminated)
Object Detected
(Single Repeating
Double Tone)
FDA Level 1:
Single Yellow
LED Illuminated
Object Detected
FDA Level 2:
Two Yellow
LEDs Illuminated
(Repeating
Double Tone)
Object Detected
(Continuously
Repeating Tone)
FDA Level 3:
All Yellow LEDs
Illuminated
42
Appendix B
Appendix B
Driver Interface Unit: Displays & Alerts
B4.0 Impact Alert (IA)
The “Impact Alert”, uses a combination of distance to the vehicle ahead, plus high relative velocity, to decide when
to issue a loud solid tone, as well as a visual indicator to the driver. The red LED bar across the top of the DIU will
illuminate and “Wingman Adv. Requires DRIVER INTERVENTION” will flash using the two screens below:
All Red LEDs Illuminated
ACB REQUIRES
Screen
flashes
between
these two
displays
ACB REQUIRES
DRIVER INTERVENTION
DRIVER INTERVENTION
ACB REQUIRES
DRIVER INTERVENTION
When the Impact Alert activates, the driver must immediately act to potentially avoid, or lessen the severity
of, a collision.
The impact alert can not be configured or turned off.
NOTE: At most, the active cruise with braking feature of Bendix® Wingman® ACB will apply up to one-third of
the vehicle’s braking capacity. The driver must apply additional braking, when necessary, in order to maintain
a safe distance from the vehicle ahead.
B5.0 Stationary Object Alert (SOA)
Stationary Object Alert (SOA) is an alert given to the driver when the radar detects a sizeable, nonmoving
metallic object in the vehicle's path of travel. To reduce the number of false detections, such as bridges and
overhead signs, an advanced set of filters are put in place so the SOA will not warn on every stationary object.
The SOA can be configured to be on or off through the display.
If a SOA is issued, the DIU will very briefly send out an alert identical to a very brief FDA Level 2: continuous
tone and two yellow LEDs, with the display image switching between the two shown below.
Check if 2 or 3
yellow LEDs are
shown????
“Object” icon
flashes
between
these two
symbols
Two
Yellow
LEDs
Illuminated
Appendix B
43
Appendix B
Driver Interface Unit: Displays & Alerts
B6.0 ACB Icon
The ACB icon appears in the upper left-hand corner of the DIU’s screen to indicate to the driver that the active
cruise with braking feature of the Bendix® Wingman® ACB system is ready and able to intervene.
Once the driver sets cruise, the DIU will display the set speed and the ACB icon as shown below.
(No LEDs
Illuminated)
ACB
Set
Speed
55
mph
When a forward vehicle is detected and either the distance to the vehicle or a following distance alert is
shown, the ACB icon should remain on the screen if the active cruise feature of Wingman ACB is still engaged
and ready to intervene.
ACB Object Detected
Two Yellow LEDs
Illuminated
NOTE: If the ACB icon is not displayed on the screen, the driver must assume that the
active cruise with braking feature of Wingman ACB is not ready or able to intervene!
44
Appendix B
Appendix B
Driver Interface Unit: Displays & Alerts
B7.0 Brake Overuse Alert
Using cruise control on downhill runs is the primary cause for this alert to be activated.
Cruise control should
NOT be used on downhill grades. Approach grades as you would normally, with the appropriate gear selected
and at a safe speed.
To guard against foundation brake overuse by the active cruise with braking feature of the Bendix® Wingman® ACB
system, the frequency of foundation brake interventions is monitored. If the system detects a situation where the
brakes are being applied too frequently by the system in a given time period, the brake overuse alert will activate.
This is designed to help prevent overheating of the brakes, which may lead to brake fade and reduced vehicle braking
capability. In this situation, the Brake Overuse Alert will flash a message requesting driver intervention. Also, an audible
alert will sound and a blue LED will blink on the Bendix Driver Interface Unit (DIU), as illustrated below:
ACB REQUIRES
Blue
LED
Blinks
Screen
flashes
between
these two
displays
ACB REQUIRES
DRIVER INTERVENTION
DRIVER INTERVENTION
ACB REQUIRES
DRIVER INTERVENTION
This alert will continue for 15 seconds, during which time the driver should step on the brake or turn off cruise
control using the cruise control on/off switch.
If the system
detects that
the driver has
intervened
within 15
seconds after a
brake overuse
alert
•
The intervention cancels cruise control.
•
After a Brake Overuse Alert, for a period of time (typically 20 minutes), the Wingman ACB
system will not use the foundation brakes when intervening. The system will be limited
to de-throttling the engine and applying the engine retarder during this time. Note: In all
cases, the driver still has the ability to apply the foundation brakes if necessary. The
driver should take care since overheated brakes may reduce the vehicle’s braking
capability.
•
The time period for this mode is measured from the time the Brake Overuse Alert was
activated and lasts approximately 20 minutes.
•
Note: The driver will continue to receive all three alerts (FDA, Impact, and Stationary Object).
•
Additionally, the DIU message will change to “ACB Braking Overuse” and the blue LED will
remain lit, as shown below:
(Typically by
applying the
brakes, or
cancelling cruise
control)
If the system
does not detect
an intervention
by the driver
within 15
seconds after a
brake overuse
alert
Bendix
Blue LED
Stays On
_____________________
ACB BRAKING OVERUSE
Press OK for Menu
At the end of the
“cooling-off” period, the
“ACB Braking Overuse”
message and the blue
LED will turn off.
•
The system will shut itself off, and set a Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC).
•
All intervention features of Wingman ACB will be disabled until the next ignition
cycle.
•
Note: The driver will continue to receive all three alerts (FDA, Impact, and Stationary Object).
•
Note: In all cases, the driver still has the ability to apply the foundation brakes if
necessary. The driver should take care since overheated brakes may reduce the
vehicle’s braking capability.
Appendix B
45
APPENDIX C - HOW TO READ AND RESET THE BENDIX® WINGMAN® SYSTEM DIAGNOSTIC
TROUBLE CODES USING BENDIX® ACOM® DIAGNOSTICS SOFTWARE (VERSION 6.3 OR HIGHER)
Appendix C
®
How to Read and Reset Wingman Diagnostic Trouble Codes with ACom® Diagnostics
1. Click Bendix ACom desktop icon
2. Select “Wingman” from the starter screen. Click “start with
ECU”
3. Read Wingman ACB status screen.
4. Click "Read". Active DTCs (diagnostic trouble codes) are
shown along with descriptions of the codes and tests that can
be run to troubleshoot the code. You can select “stored DTCs”
also, to show inactive DTCs.
A. Take Note of:
Model #,
Software Version,
Software P/N,
Active DTCs
B. Click
DTCs
5. Click “clear” to clear all active DTCs. Click “Report” to
get the ACom report.
6. Fill in the requested information: Company, location,
technician, date/time, VIN, and click “OK”
7. Select how you want the report displayed or printed.
Then click “OK”
8. The event report is generated. This can be saved if desired.
9. You can also use the shortcut menu at the top of the screen and select: ACB status; DTCs; and Controller Configuration.
Call the Bendix Tech Team at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE for troubleshooting assistance.
46
Appendix C
Appendix D
How to Read Key System Indicators and Reset Misalignment Values
Read System Key Indicators (Configuration)
1. Start Bendix® ACom® Diagnostics and connect to vehicle.
2. Select “ACB” and Click “Start with ECU” to display the “ACB Status” window.
3. Click “Config” to display the indicators
Take Note of:
Model #,
Software Version,
Software P/N,
Active DTCs
System Key Indicators
Attribute
Description
See Section:
Mounting Offset
This value should equal 0 if the radar sensor is mounted on the center line of the
vehicle. If the service technician believes the radar sensor should be mounted offset
from center, call 1-800-AIR-BRAKE.
6.10
Stationary Object This is a status indicator for the function of stationary object warning. Available for
Warning Indicator use in Bendix® Wingman® ACB system versions since 2010.
1.07
Misalignment
Value
Trouble code will
be set if value is
-1.3º or less
Abnormal
operation:
-0.8º
Normal
operation:
normal
Abnormal
operation:
0.8º
Trouble code will
be set if value is
1.3º or more
Configuration
Number
This indicates the distance setting and following distance alert that are configured for
the vehicle. Refer to Table 7 for setting information.
6.07
5.4
How To Reset The “Misalignment Value”
4. From the configuration window shown above, click “Modify.”
5. From the Change Configuration window, select “Reset Misalignment Value.”
6. Click “Write.”
7. Cycle the vehicle ignition power to complete the process.
Call the Bendix Tech Team at 1-800-AIR-BRAKE for troubleshooting assistance.
Appendix D
47
Full Contents List
1.0 Operation Section
1.01
Important Safety Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.02
System Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.03
Activating the Bendix® Wingman® ACB System . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.04
What to Expect When Using Bendix® Wingman® ACB. . . . . . 5-6
1.05
How a Driver Interacts with Bendix® Wingman® ACB . . . . . . . 7
1.06
Following Distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
1.07
Automatic Foundation Brake Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
1.08
Alerts and Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-10
1.09
Wingman ACB Diagnostic Trouble Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
1.10
Radar Sensor Interchangeability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
1.11
Alert Volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
1.12
Potential False Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
2.0 Maintenance Section
2.1
General Safety Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.2
Equipment Maintenance: Brake System and ABS Functionality. .12
2.3
System Preventive Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
2.4
Additional Support at www.bendix.com/1-800-AIR-BRAKE . . . .12
3.0 Introduction to Troubleshooting Section
3.1
Troubleshooting Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
3.2
Narrowing Down the Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-15
3.3
Overview of Possible Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
4.0 Troubleshooting/Diagnostics Section
48
4.1
Bendix® ACom® Diagnostics Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
4.2
4.21
4.3
4.4
4.5
Reading Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) . . . . . . . .
Reading the System Software Version. . . . . . . . . . .
Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clearing Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting Diagnostic Trouble Codes: Power Supply
4.6
Serial Data (J1939) Communications Link. . . . . . . . . . . . .24
4.7
Engine Communications (J1939) Test Procedure . . . . . . . . .24
4.8
Troubleshooting Wiring Harnesses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
.
.
.
.
.
. . .18
. . .18
. 19-23
. . .23
. . 23
5.0 Other System Features Section
5.1
Reading Bendix® Wingman® ACB System Key Indicators . . . . .25
5.2
Bendix® Wingman® ACB Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC)
Self Clearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
5.3
Following Distance Adjustment Switch (Optional) . . . . . . . . .25
5.4
Configuring Bendix® Wingman® ACB Following Distance
Alerts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
5.5
Extracting Bendix® Wingman® ACB System Data . . . . . . . . .27
5.5.1
Data Availability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
5.5.2
Data Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
5.5.3
Extracting Data and Saving a Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
6.0 Bendix® Wingman® ACB Radar Sensor
Mounting and Installation Section
6.01
Vehicle Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
6.02
Radar Sensor Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
6.03
Replacement Parts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
6.04
Radar Sensor Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
6.05
Cover Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
6.06
Bendix® Alignment Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
6.07
Check Vertical Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
6.08
Vertical Adjustment Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
6.09
Check Lateral Alignment
6.10
Lateral Adjustment Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
6.11
Reset Lateral Misalignment Value in Bendix® ACom®
6.12
Diagnostics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Reinstall the Plastic Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Appendix A - Troubleshooting Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34-35
Appendix B - Driver Interface Unit (DIU): Displays and Alerts . . . 36-45
Appendix C - How to Read and Reset the Bendix® Wingman®
System Diagnostic Trouble Codes using Bendix® ACom®
Diagnostics Software (version 6.3 or higher) . . . . . . . . . .46
Appendix D - How to Read Key System Indicators and Reset
Misalignment Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
49
NOTES
50
NOTES
51
Trademark acknowledgements:
The ACOM, AD-IS, BENDIX, EC-60, ESP, and WINGMAN trademarks are licensed to or
owned by Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems LLC.
Any references in this manual to MICROSOFT and any other company or trademark are
solely for identification and cross reference purposes. The trademarks are the property of
their respective companies and are not affiliated with or endorsing Bendix Commercial Vehicle
Systems LLC. Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems LLC does not represent any parts shown
as products manufactured or remanufactured by the companies so named herein.
BW2774 © 2012 Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems LLC. All Rights Reserved. 05/12 Printed in U.S.A.
52
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