TurboCAD Reference Manual
TurboCAD®
Ve r s i o n 1 8
User Guide
IMSI/Design
25 Leveroni Ct. Suite B
Novato. CA 94945, USA
Tel: +1-415-483-8000
Fax: +1-415-884-9023
Web Site
www.imsidesign.com
www.turbocad.com
The material presented in this publication is copyright-protected, © 1986-2011 by IMSI and may not be reproduced
in any form, by any method for any purpose without the prior written consent of IMSI. Information in this document
is subject to change without notice. It is against the law to copy the software, except in accordance with the terms
of the licensing agreement.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 : Getting Started
System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Installing TurboCAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Importing and Exporting Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Batch Conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
TurboCAD Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Other CAD Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Starting TurboCAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Page Setup Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Opening and Saving Files. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Opening Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Saving Files. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Summary Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Purge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37
38
38
39
Getting Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Online Help. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Web Tutorials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Help on the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
40
40
40
40
Chapter 2 : User Interface
Components of the UI. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Drawing Area: Model Space and Paper Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Menu Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Toolbars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Status Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspector Bar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coordinate Fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Palette Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rulers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scroll Bars. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Local Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
43
43
44
44
45
46
47
47
47
47
Palettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Docking Palettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Library Palette. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Blocks Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
TurboCAD Reference Manual
Selection Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
Measurement Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
Internet Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
Colors and Brushes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
Calculator Palette - Variables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
Style Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
Design Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
Drafting Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
MacroRecorder Palette. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
Environments Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
Luminances Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
Materials Palette. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
TC Explorer Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
Parametric Part Script Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
Tools Palette. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
Customizing the UI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Customize Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Customize Toolbars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
Customize Popup Toolbars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
Customize Palettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
Customize Tool Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Customize Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Customize Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Program Setup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
General Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61
Desktop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
Preference. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63
Toolbars and Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
Auto-Naming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
File Locations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
Symbol Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65
Color Palette. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65
Warning Dialogs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66
Constraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66
Drawing Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Display Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67
Native Draw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67
Redsdk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
Grid Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
Advanced Grid Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
Space Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
4
For updates and additional information,
Table of Contents
Angle Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ACIS Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LightWork. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Render Scene Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Render Scene Luminance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Line Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Background Color. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Print Style Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
72
72
72
73
73
74
74
76
76
Working with Multiple Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Creating and Displaying Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Multiple Windows of the Same File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Moving and Copying Between Different Files. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Object Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Property Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Properties Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Property Value Presets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Brush Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
80
81
84
84
TC Explorer Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
TC Explorer Toolbar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
General Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Drawing Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Chapter 3 : Manipulating the 2D Display
Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Zooming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Panning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Aerial View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Redrawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Saving Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Named View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Creating a View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Previous View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
3D View Manipulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Chapter 4 : Drawing Aids
Coordinate Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
WCS and UCS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Absolute Coordinates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Relative Coordinates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
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Polar Coordinates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106
Relocate Origin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107
Locking Coordinates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107
Grid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Displaying and Manipulating the Grid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108
Printing the Grid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108
Snaps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Snap Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108
Magnetic Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110
Running and Local Snaps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110
Snap Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111
Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Manipulating Layers and Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .118
Layers of Groups and Blocks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .120
Layer Sets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .120
Construction Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Construction Geometry Properties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121
Creating Construction Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121
Rays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .124
Editing Construction Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125
Clearing and Hiding Constructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125
Printing Construction Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125
Design Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Design Director Toolbar and Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125
Design Director Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126
Design Director: Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126
Design Director: Workplanes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131
Design Director: Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131
Design Director: Cameras . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131
Design Director: Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .132
Design Director: Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133
Design Director: Categories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
PDF Underlays. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Creating an Underlay Style . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .134
Inserting an Underlay in a Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .135
Chapter 5 : Inserting Objects
Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Point Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
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Single Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Polyline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Polygon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Irregular Polygon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rectangle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rotated Rectangle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Perpendicular . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parallel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tangent Arc Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tangent to Arc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tangent from Arc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tangent to 2 Arcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Minimal Distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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144
145
145
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Double Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Double Line Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Double Line: Single Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Double Line: Polyline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Double Line: Polygon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Double Line: Irregular Polygon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Double Line: Rectangle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Double Line: Rotated Rectangle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Double Line: Perpendicular . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Double Line: Parallel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Multi Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Multi Line Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multi Line: Single Line. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multi Line: Polyline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multi Line: Polygon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multi Line: Irregular Polygon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multi Line: Rectangle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multi Line: Rotated Rectangle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multi Line: Perpendicular . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multi Line: Parallel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Circle / Ellipse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Circle: Center and Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Circle: Concentric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Circle: Double Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Circle: Tangent to Arc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Circle: Tangent to Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Circle: Triple Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Circle: Tangent to 3 Arcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Circle: Tangent to Entities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .158
Ellipse. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159
Rotated Ellipse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159
Ellipse Fixed Ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159
Arc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
Arc: Center and Radius . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160
Arc: Concentric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160
Arc: Double Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .161
Arc: Tangent to Arc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .162
Arc: Tangent to Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .162
Arc: Start / Included / End . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .163
Arc: Start / End / Included . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .163
Arc: Tangent to 3 Arcs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .164
Arc: Tangent to Entities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .164
Arc: Tangent to 2 Entities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .166
Arc: Elliptical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .167
Arc: Rotated Elliptical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .167
Arc: Elliptical Fixed Ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168
Curves. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Curve Properties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168
Splines and Bezier Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .170
Sketch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .171
Revision Cloud. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .171
Gear Contour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .172
Inserting Objects from Other Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
Inserting a File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .172
Inserting a Picture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .173
Inserting an OLE Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176
Hyperlinks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
Deleting Objects. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
Organizational Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
Chapter 6 : Selecting and Transforming Objects
Selecting Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
2D / 3D Selector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
Using a Selection Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .184
Select by Entity Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .185
Select by Color. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .185
Select by Layer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .186
Select by Attribute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .186
Select by Fence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .187
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For updates and additional information,
Table of Contents
Select by Query. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Selection Info Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
Select Edit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
Geometric and Cosmetic Select Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Select Edit in 3D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Components of Select Edit Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Moving Objects in Select Edit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rotating Objects in Select Edit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scaling Objects in Select Edit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Copying Objects in Select Edit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
198
198
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200
201
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Copying Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206
Copy In Place . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Linear Copy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Radial Copy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Array Copy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fit Linear Copy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fit Radial Copy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fit Array Copy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mirror Copy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vector Copy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Offset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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208
208
209
210
210
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211
Transforming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212
Move . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rotate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Generic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transform Recorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
213
214
215
216
217
Chapter 7 : Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
Edit Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Moving a Node . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding a Node . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deleting Nodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing Multiple Nodes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Breaking (Opening) Closed Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Closing Open Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing Linear Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing Segments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing Circles, Ellipses, and Arcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing Splines and Bezier Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing Dimensions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
contact us at www.turbocad.com
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Modifying Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231
Object Trim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .232
Stretch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .233
Split . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .234
Meet 2 Lines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .236
Chamfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .237
Line Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .239
Shrink / Extend Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .239
Multi Shrink / Extend Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .240
Arc Complement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .240
Fillet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .241
Fillet3D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .242
T-Meet 2 Double Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .242
Intersect 2 Double Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .243
Join Polyline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .243
Chain Polyline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .244
Double Line Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .245
Formatting Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245
Aligning Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .245
Distributing Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .246
Exploding Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .247
Stacking Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .248
Format Painter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .249
Regions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .250
Convert to Curve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .250
Constraining Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251
Horizontal / Vertical Constraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .252
Points Coincident Constraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .252
Coincident Constraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .253
Parallel Constraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .254
Perpendicular Constraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .255
Tangent Constraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .256
Connect Constraint. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .257
Concentric Constraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .258
Symmetric Constraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .258
Midpoint Constraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .260
Equal Radius Constraint. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .261
Equal Length Constraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .261
Equal Distance Constraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .262
Change Chirality Constraint. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .263
Fix Geometry Constraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .265
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For updates and additional information,
Table of Contents
Auto Constraint. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Auto Dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Constraining Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Constraining Pattern - Copied Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
266
268
269
273
2D Boolean Operations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275
2D Add . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275
2D Subtract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275
2D Intersect. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 276
Measuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277
Coordinates of a Point. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measuring Distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measuring Angles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measuring Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measuring Surface Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measuring Volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Curve Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Geometric Parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
277
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Tracing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283
Trace by Rectangle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284
Trace by Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286
Detail Section. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286
Chapter 8 : Groups, Blocks, and the Library
Auto-Naming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289
Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289
Creating a Group. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289
Editing a Group. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290
Exploding a Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291
Blocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291
Creating a Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inserting a Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing a Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exploding a Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Block Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
In Place Editing of Groups and Blocks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
External References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
291
292
295
297
297
303
303
.Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 304
Library Folders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305
Favorites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308
Loading an Individual Symbol into the Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309
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Loading Symbol Folders into the Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .309
Inserting a Symbol from the Library into the Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .312
Parametric Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312
Inserting a Parametric Part from the Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .312
Creating a Parametric Part . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .314
Loading a Parametric Part into the Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .321
Parametric Part Script Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .323
Chapter 9 : Annotation
Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325
Text Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .325
Inserting Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .326
Editing Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .327
Multi Text. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328
Editing Multi Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .329
Multi Text Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .330
Text Along Curve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331
Dimension Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .332
Dimension Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .337
Associative Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .338
Segment and Entity Dimensioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .338
Creating Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .339
Quick Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .346
Smart Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .349
Surveyor Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .350
Dimensions in Viewports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .351
MultiLeader Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 351
MultiLeader Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .352
MultiLeader Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .353
Drawing Symbols. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 354
Drawing Markers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .354
Weld Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .354
Geometric Tolerance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .355
Surface Roughness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .356
Hatching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 356
Associative Hatching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .356
Hatch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .357
Path Hatching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .357
Pick Point and Hatch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .358
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Table of Contents
Pick Point Hatching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 358
Editing a Hatch Pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 358
Chapter 10 : Working in 3D
3D Drawing Setup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359
Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359
ACIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359
Render Scene Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 361
3D Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 361
Standard Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 361
Saving 3D Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362
3D Coordinate Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362
Workplanes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362
Displaying the Workplane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Workplane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Saving and Recalling WorkPlanes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing the Workplane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Display Intersections with 3D Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Place on WorkPlane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
364
364
369
369
370
371
Creating 3D Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371
3D Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Render Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TC Surface Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standard 3D Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
371
372
372
373
Thread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 382
Profile Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 388
Creating 3D Objects by Editing 2D Objects. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 409
Intersection and Projection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410
Patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 411
Array Pattern. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pattern by Curve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pattern by Polyline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Radial Pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spherical Pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cylindrical Pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Snaps and Dimensions in 3D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
411
413
414
415
417
418
419
Examining the 3D Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 419
The Camera. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 419
Camera Movements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 421
Walk Through Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 421
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Camera Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .422
QuickTime Movies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .424
Chapter 11 : Editing in 3D
Modifying Object Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427
Edit Tool in 3D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .427
Profile Editing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .429
3D Boolean Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 432
3D Add . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .433
3D Subtract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .433
3D Intersect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .434
3D Slice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .434
MultiAdd_VB6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .436
Exploding Solids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .436
Fillet Edges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 437
Fillet with Round Vertices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .438
Fillet with Setbacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .439
Fillet with Miter Vertices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .440
Fillet with Variable Radius . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .442
Chamfer Edges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 442
Chamfer with Round Vertices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .443
Chamfer with Miter Vertices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .444
Bending and Unbending . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 445
Bend Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .446
Tube Bend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .448
Flange. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .449
Tube Flange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .450
Unbend Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .451
Unfold Face . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .452
Shelling Solids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 453
Facet Offset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 454
Sectioning Solids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 456
Section by Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .456
Section by Plane. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .457
Section by Workplane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .457
Section by Closed Polyline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .458
Facet Edit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 459
Facet Deform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 461
Pressure Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .461
Deform to Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .463
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Hole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 465
Surface and Solid Conversion Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 466
Create Surface from Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create Surface from Face(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create Surface from Solid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create Solid from Face(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create Solid from Surface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
466
467
468
469
470
Imprint. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 471
Imprint Auto Detect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Imprint Add. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Imprint Subtract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Imprint with Chamfer or Fillet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Imprint with Dimple Sheet Metal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing Imprint Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
471
472
473
473
474
475
Assembling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 475
Assemble by 3 Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assemble by Edge and Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assemble by Facet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assemble by Axis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assemble by Tangents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
476
477
479
480
485
Editing 3D Objects using Selection Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 487
TC Mesh Simplification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 492
XClip. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 492
Chapter 12 : Rendering
Rendering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495
Creating a Rendered View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Render (Camera) Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Depth of Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Final Gather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ambient Occlusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ray Traced . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sketch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
495
497
501
502
504
506
509
510
Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 513
Creating Lights - Light Types. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 513
Controlling Lights. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 515
Editing Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 516
Luminance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 518
Luminance Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 518
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TurboCAD Reference Manual
Editing Luminances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .520
Luminances Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .521
Loading and Saving Luminances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .522
Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 522
Material Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .522
Editing Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .523
Creating a New Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .526
Materials Palette. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .529
Loading and Saving Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .530
Environments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 530
Environments Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .530
Editing Environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .531
Environments Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .532
Loading and Saving Environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .533
Render Styles Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .533
Loading and Saving Render Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .534
Chapter 13 : Architecture Tools
Wall Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 535
Wall Properties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .535
Wall Side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .536
Inserting Walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .536
Splitting and Joining Walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .539
Editing Walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .539
Wall Dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .541
Add Top Wall Modifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .541
Add Bottom Wall Modifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .542
Roof Wall Modifier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .543
Convert to Wall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .544
Inserting 2D Blocks in Walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .544
Roofs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 545
Add Roof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .545
Roof Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .546
Add Roof by Walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .547
Edit Slope Angle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .547
Windows and Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 547
Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .547
Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .548
Openings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 548
Opening Properties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .549
Insert Opening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .549
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Edit Opening Modifier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 550
Slabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 551
Add Slab by Click. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Convert to Slab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Add Hole. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Delete Hole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
551
552
553
553
Stairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 554
Stair Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Straight Stair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multi Landing Stair. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Spiral Stair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U-Shaped Stair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing Stairs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
554
555
555
557
558
560
Railings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 560
Terrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 560
Terrain Modifier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 563
Import Terrain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 564
Terrain from Selected Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 564
Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 564
Style Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 564
Savings as Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Text Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Profile Styles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Window Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Door Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Custom Blocks for Windows and Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
566
566
567
571
579
586
Wall Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 589
Component Walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schedule Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slab Styles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AEC Dimension Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dimension Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stairs Styles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rail Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table Styles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
589
592
597
599
602
602
604
607
Section/Elevation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 608
House Wizard Toolset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 609
House Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Arranging and Snapping Room Boxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
House Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hide-Show Room Boxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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610
611
612
612
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Delete Room Boxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .612
Insert Room Boxes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .612
Changing Room Size While Inserting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .613
Chapter 14 : Woodworking
Layout. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 615
Chapter 15 : Database, Tables, and Reports
Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 619
Insert Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .619
Modify Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .621
Changing Rows and Columns, Merging Cells. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .623
Custom Properties, Database, and Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 624
Step 1: Define Custom Fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .625
Step 2: Attach Custom Properties to Objects. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .626
Step 3: Define Fields for the Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .627
Step 4: Create the Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .630
Updating the Database and Report. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .633
Database Connection Palette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 633
Viewing and Editing Data in Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .636
Creating Data Link Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .637
Linking Data to Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .638
Synchronizing Data and Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .639
Chapter 16 : Paper Space and Printing
Paper Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 641
Switching to Paper Space. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .641
Paper Space Properties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .641
Manipulating Paper Spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .642
Drafting Palette - Creating Standard Views. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 643
Drafting Palette Toolbar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .643
Parts and Assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .645
Inserting Standard Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .648
Properties of Standard Views. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .655
Properties of Section Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .656
Viewports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 657
Inserting Viewports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .657
Viewport Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .659
Cache Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .660
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Update Viewport Boundary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overlapping Viewports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Floating Model Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exploding Viewports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
661
661
661
662
Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 662
Printer Paper and the Drawing Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Simple Printing and Tiled Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Print Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Page Setup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing from Model Space. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Print Style Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting Print Style Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Print Styles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
662
662
663
664
666
667
667
667
Publish as HTML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 668
Publish to HTML Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 669
Publish to HTML Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 669
Chapter 17 : Customized Programming
Macro Recorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 671
Recording and Playing Scripts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 671
Sample Scripts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 672
Script Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 673
SDK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 673
Using the Ruby Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 674
More Ruby . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 676
Parametric Part Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 676
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 676
Examining a Script . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 676
Script syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Identifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Expressions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Script Semantics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
678
678
679
679
Basic Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 680
Description of Parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 680
Functions for Creating 2D Entities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 682
Circle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 682
Rectangle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 683
Polyline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 683
Functions for Creating 3D Entities from 2D Entities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 686
Thickness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 686
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Sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .687
Functions for Creating 3D Entities Directly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 688
Sphere. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .688
Cone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .688
Functions for Transforming Geometric Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 689
Move . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .689
Rotate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .690
Functions for Loading External Symbols as Elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 691
StaticSymbol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .691
Set(FolderList(...)) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .691
Functions for 3D Boolean Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 693
BooleanUnion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .693
BooleanSubtraction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .693
BooleanIntersect. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .694
Functions for Modifying 3D Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 694
Fillet Edges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .694
Chamfer Edges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .696
G3Offset. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .696
G3Shell. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .697
G3Bend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .698
Setting and Changing Object Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .698
Nesting Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 699
Functions for Creating Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 700
Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .700
TextFont . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .700
TextStyle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .701
Auxiliary Functions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 701
Extents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .701
ParameterPoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .702
PointX, PointY, PointZ functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .703
Special functions and operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 703
IF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .703
UNITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .704
RefPoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .704
Input and Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .705
min and max. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .705
Mod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .706
Div . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .706
Additional Math Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .707
Array . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .707
Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .708
20
For updates and additional information,
Table of Contents
Special Functions without Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 708
PI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 708
Creating custom functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 708
Parametric Parts Reserved Word List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 709
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21
TurboCAD Reference Manual
22
For updates and additional information,
1 Getting Started
This section covers what you should know before and during
TurboCAD installation, and fundamental concepts of using
files, including import / export and page setup.
System Requirements
Minimum System Requirements:
Pentium® IV Processor; Microsoft ® Windows® XP
with 512 MB RAM; Windows Vista or Windows 7
with 1024 MB RAM; 300 MB of free hard disk space;
64+ MB of swap space; Super VGA (1024 x 768)
display; High Color (16 bit) graphics support; 4X
DVD-ROM drive.
Recommended:
Your experience with TurboCAD will be greatly
enhanced with a newer generation, higher speed CPU,
2-4 GB RAM, and larger display resolution. An
optional GPU-accelerated wireframe render mode
requires a supported graphic accelerator. The latest
video drivers are typically required. Newer boards
with more power and VRAM generally provide
greater performance.
The following are
recommended: NVIDIA® Quadro FX 1000 & up •
NVIDIA® GeForce FX & up • NVIDIA® GeForce 6,
7, 8 & up • AMD-ATI Radeon 9500 & up • AMD-ATI
Radeon X, HD 2000, 3000, 4000 • AMD-ATI FireGL
X • AMD-ATI FireGL V 3000 & up • INTEL®
Integrated graphics series: GMA 3000 & GMA
X3000.
Installing TurboCAD
To install TurboCAD, insert the CD into your CD-ROM. If
the installation process does not start automatically, select
Start / Run from the Windows taskbar and type D:\setup.exe
(where D is the drive letter of the CD-ROM).
After you have installed TurboCAD, the Setup program
creates a program folder. If you choose the default settings,
TurboCAD is installed in the C:\Program Files\IMSI
Design\TCWP18 folder (or TCW18 for Deluxe). This folder
contains several subfolders that contain TurboCAD program
files and related files such as templates, sample drawings,
and symbols.
The Setup program also creates a program group containing
the TurboCAD application icon, as well as shortcuts to the
Help and the Readme file.
The program group is accessed through the Start menu.
Before you start the program, please read the Readme file,
which contains the latest information on TurboCAD.
To remove TurboCAD from your computer:
1.
In Windows, select Start / Settings / Control Panel.
2.
Double-click Add/Remove Programs.
3.
Select TurboCAD from the list.
4.
Click Add/Remove and follow the instructions on the
screen.
Registration
If you do not have Internet access, please call 800-833-8082
to register. Becoming a TurboCAD registered user has many
advantages, including technical support, access to extensive
online support databases, and program updates.
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23
TurboCAD Reference Manual
Importing and Exporting Files
You can import and export data from other TurboCAD
formats, as well as formats of other CAD systems.
conversion format. Click Run to convert all files in the
selected folder, and place the converted files in the target
folder.
To import from another file type:
TurboCAD Formats
1.
Select File / Open or Ctrl+O.
2.
Under Files of type, select the format you want to
import.
3.
If you want to specify conversion parameters, click
Setup.
4.
Browse to the file, and double-click it or click Open.
To export to another file type:
1.
Select File / Save As.
2.
Under Save as type, select the format to which you
want to export.
3.
If you want to specify conversion parameters, click
Setup.
4.
Browse to the folder and assign a file name.
To import or export only certain components of a file, use
File / Extract From or Extract To. For example, you can
choose to import a drawing’s layers and blocks, or export
only print styles.
To insert the contents of another file as a block, create an
external reference (xref). See "External References" on page
303.
There are three TurboCAD file formats, TCW, TCT, and
TCX, that you can use for saving vector graphics from within
TurboCAD.
TCW: (TurboCAD for Windows) - a file format for saving
vector graphics from within TurboCAD.
TCT: (TurboCAD Template) - a file format for saving
TurboCAD drawings as templates. TurboCAD uses a
template for starting a new drawing. You can save any
drawing as a template, and this drawing can have specific
tool properties or styles defined in it. The template file
should be placed in the “Template” folder of the TurboCAD
root directory. Then when you want to open the template, use
File / New, and select New from Template.
NOTE: If you need to save a drawing that is to be opened by
an earlier version of TurboCAD, you can use Save As and
save to one version back i.e. In TurboCAD 15 You can save
as TurboCAD 14.
TCW, TCT Import Setup
Batch Conversion
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Restore render view: Opens the drawing in render mode.
The file must have been saved in render mode.
NOTE: Display the SDK Samples toolbar by right-clicking in
any toolbar area and selecting SDK Samples.
Opens the TurboCAD File Convertor window, in which
you can select a source and destination folder for batch
conversion. Use the Files of type field to select the
24
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 1 Getting Started
TCW, TCT Export Setup
NOTE: Some of these formats are Available in TurboCAD Pro
and Platinum only.
3DS: AutoDesk 3D Studio format. See "SKP File Import
Setup" on page 26 or "3DS File Export Setup" on page 27.
3DV: VRML Worlds (import only)
Compression: Saves the file in the TCT compressed format.
If the speed of operation is more important than the file size,
leave this option disabled.
Full Precision: TurboCAD stores your objects with the
maximum possible accuracy. Full Precision enables the
maximum depth of mathematical calculations performed to
generate and save entities. When disabled, entities will be
calculated and saved using only to four decimal points of
precision. This results in faster execution and smaller files,
but may compromise accuracy.
ASAT: ACIS solid modeling file format for storing graphics
as ASCII files. See "SAT Import Setup" on page 33 or "SAT
Export Setup" on page 33.
BMP: Bitmap format, TurboCAD for Windows (export
only). A bitmap is a representation of a graphic image
consisting of rows and columns of dots. See "BMP Export
Setup" on page 27.
CGM: Computer Graphics Metafile. See "CGM Import
Setup" on page 27.
DAE: Collada files (export only). See "DAE Export Setup"
on page 28.
DC, DCD: DesignCAD (import only)
NOTE: Less than full accuracy can affect the ability of the
program to correctly display and edit objects at extremely
small scales. Unless you are using a slow machine, and know
you do not need extreme accuracy, you should leave Full
Precision on.
Save proxy objects: saves ACIS solid and a number of other
TurboCAD Pro object with proxies so that TurboCAD
Deluxe or Designer can open the file and see representations
of objects that are not supported by those applications.
Proxies increase the size of the file, but do allow file to open
more quickly.
DGN: Intergraph Standard file format. See "DGN Import
Setup" on page 28 or "DGN Export Setup" on page 28.
DWF: Drawing Web format. See "DWF Export Setup" on
page 28. Import is automatic.
DWG: AutoCAD native format for vector graphics. See
"DXF (DWG) Import Setup" on page 29 or "DXF (DWG)
Export Setup" on page 29.
DXF: Drawing eXchange format, used by AutoCAD to
interact with other applications.
EPS: Encapsulated Post Script format. See "EPS Import
Setup" on page 30 or "EPS Export Setup" on page 30
Other CAD Formats
FCD: FastCAD DOS format (import only)
The following formats can be read by TurboCAD, either for
import, export, or both. Some formats have a Setup in which
you can set certain parameters for conversion. If you do not
specify conversion parameters, the defaults will be used. (If
no Setup is indicated, the conversion requires no additional
input.)
FCW: FastCAD Windows format (import only). See "FCW
Import Setup" on page 30.
GIF: Raster graphic format (export only). See "GIF Export
Setup" on page 30.
GEO: VRML Worlds (import only)
IGS: IGES format. See "IGS Import Setup" on page 31.
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25
TurboCAD Reference Manual
NOTE: IGS is a file format for a public domain called IGES
which is actually a neutral file format intended as an
international standard for the exchange of data between
different CAD/CAM systems. IGES is an ANSI standard
maintained by the IGES/PDES Organization (IPO), under the
direction of the National Institute of Standards and Technology
(NIST). The National Computer Graphics Association (NCGA)
acts as the administrator of the standard.
JPG: JPEG image compression standard, full 24-color.
TurboCAD for Windows (export only). See "JPG Export
Setup" on page 31.
JPG: JPEG format, SDK sample filter (export only)
MTX: MetaStream format. This format enables the creation,
delivery, and viewing of scalable 3D graphics. It enables you
to view images with Web browsers equipped with 3D plug-in
software, and to interact with 3D Web graphics in real time
by zooming, panning, or rotating objects within a Web
browser. It also scales objects in real time to match the
performance of your system. MetaStream compresses 3D
geometry and texture information, so that files can be
delivered quickly to your machine.
STL: Stereo Lithograpy format. See "STL File Export
Setup" on page 33.
STP, STEP: Step format.
SVG: Web graphic format (export only).
WMF: Windows MetaFile format, saves graphics as a series
of records that correspond to graphics function calls, such as
drawing straight lines, curves, filled areas, and text. "WMF
Import Setup" on page 34 or "WMF Export Setup" on page
34
WRL: Format for saving graphics as a Virtual Reality Model
Language (VRML) description. See "WRL Export Setup" on
page 34.
WRZ: VRML Worlds
XLS: Spreadsheet format (export only)
SKP File Import Setup
PDF: Portable document format (export only). See "PDF
Export Setup" on page 32.
OBJ: Geometry definition format. See "OBJ Export Setup"
on page 31.
PLT: Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language. See "PLT Import
Setup" on page 32 or "PLT Export Setup" on page 32.
PNG: Raster graphic format (export only). See "PNG Export
Setup" on page 32.
SAT: ACIS solid modeling file format for storing graphics
as ASCII (SAT - Save As Text) files. See "SAT Import
Setup" on page 33 or "SAT Export Setup" on page 33.
Use “ByLayer” color for entities without material:
Assign the SketchUp layer color to any entity that does not
have an assigned material.
Import Hidden Entities: Imports entities which are hidden
in the SKP. If this option is off hidden entities will nor be
imported.
Import dynamic components: Dynamic block are imported
as PPM objects.
SHX: Format that saves selected entities as a single shape,
that can be used in a line style (export only). This is not the
same as *.shx font format. See "SHX Export Setup" on page
33.
SKP: Google SketchUp format. See “3DS File Import
Setup” on page 27, and see “SKP File Export Setup”
on page 27
26
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 1 Getting Started
SKP File Export Setup
BMP Export Setup
SketchUp Version: Specify the version of SketchUp SKP to
be used in the file format: 5, 6, 7 or 8.
3DS File Import Setup
Output Range: Creates an export file either out of the entire
drawing (All) or only the part that is currently in view
(View).
Use Render: Available only when Render or Hidden Line
mode is active. If checked, the exported image will show the
render displayed on the screen.
Load Keyframe Information: Accepts or ignores the
keyframe 3DS file data.
3DS File Export Setup
Size of Rectangle: Sets up the resolution for the exported
graphics. By default, these values are 400 x 400 but you can
customize the height and width
• Maximum resolution: The drawing will be defined
by a rectangular matrix of 2000 x 2000 logical pixels.
If there is at least one image object, this is set to 1000
x 1000.
Preserve loaded 3DS materials: Saves unique materials
from a 3DS file. If not checked, saves TurboCAD materials.
Save Keyframe: Saves the hierarchical structure of entities
in a file. Do not check this option for 3DS files that you want
to use as 3DS symbols in TurboCAD.
• Keep View Rectangle Aspect Ratio: Keeps the same
ratio of length to width.
NOTE: You can determine an object’s type by using the
Selection Info Palette. See "Selection Info Palette" on page
191.
CGM Import Setup
Choose to open the file either in Model Space or Paper
Space.
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27
TurboCAD Reference Manual
DAE Export Setup
the Font column. In addition to the options of the Fonts
control, there is the Default Font entry field whose
drop-down list lets you select a common font for the ones
you haven't changed.
Set Defaults: Instead of customizing the imported file
options, you can apply the default settings for the DGN file
import. To do this, click Set Defaults.
Don’t save materials: Objects colors will remain the same.
DGN Export Setup
Save materials: For objects that have textures, the imported
objects will refer to texture graphics in the TurboCAD
folders.
Save materials and copy textures: Creates a local copy of
texture files into the folder where the exported file is saved.
Disable camera by view: Specifies whether a camera is
added to the model (the camera is based on the current view).
Save Blocks: Block are saved as instances within the
Collada file.
Save Layers:: Layers are saved in the Collada file.
Version: Choose between Versions 7 and 8.
DGN Import Setup
Default font index to export: The DGN format requires the
export file's fonts to be indexed. For every listed font, you
can select an index. In addition to the options of the Fonts
control, there is the Default Index entry field whose
drop-down list lets you select a common index for the fonts
you have not changed.
DWF Export Setup
View Number: By default, the view number is 1.
Line Widths: You customize a set of drawing line widths
identified by the indexes (0, 1, 2, etc.). To do this, use the
two-column Line Width control ,where the Index column
provides a reference to a particular line width, and the Width
column is a data entry field. You can scale the line width
values, using the Width Scale data entry field.
Fonts: As with the drawing line widths, the import file's
fonts are indexed. For every index in the Index column, you
can select a font from the corresponding drop-down list in
28
Output Format: If Readable is selected, you can later open
the exported file to view and/or edit via a text editor.
Skip Invisible Layers: Invisible layers will not be included
in the export file. See "Layers" on page 116.
DWF 3D: DWF files of 6.01 format will be created. Files
will contain all elements from Model Space, including 3D.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 1 Getting Started
NOTE: TurboCAD does not support importing from this format.
DWF files created with this option can be viewed either in
Autodesk DWF Viewer (v6.01 and up), or in other applications
that support this format.
DXF (DWG) Import Setup
overwrites these settings. In TurboCAD, these settings
include World units, the numerical display format, the
angular system, etc.
You can overwrite system variables for objects under the
following conditions: the DXF/DWG drawing is inserted
into an open file, and both files (the imported file and the
receiving file), have system variables (views, blocks, layers
and/or line styles) of the same names.
DXF (DWG) Export Setup
Open mode:
• Open without audit: Opens the file without checking
it. If the file has errors, it will not be opened.
• Open with audit: Opens the file and corrects errors
when possible. The report is displayed only if errors
are found. The file is checked is after it is loaded into
memory, though if the file is very corrupt it may not be
able to be loaded into memory.
Save As: Select the AutoCAD version.
• Recover: Opens the file and corrects errors. The report
is automatically displayed, regardless of errors. The
file is checked before loading it into memory.
Precision: The number of decimal places for numerical
values of the exported file.
File Units: Replaces the units of an imported file with the
selected units.
Convert Xrefs to AutoCAD Drawing: Converts attached
Xrefs into DWG files.
Default text font: Sets a default import font.
Rendered Viewports as Images: All viewports that have
renderings will be converted to images, to preserve the
appearance of the renderings.
Lineweight Unit and Value: Defines how objects using the
AutoCAD default line weight are treated on import.
Overwrite existing entries for: AutoCAD stores the
settings (or values) for its operating environment and some
of its commands in system variables. Checking this box
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Rewrite embedded images: Relevant for files that contain
image objects. Choose whether to replace images.
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TurboCAD Reference Manual
Groups as Blocks: Displays objects included in groups as
blocks when imported into AutoCAD.
Unblock: Explodes blocks into its constituent objects.
Preserve Hatch Associativity: Retains hatch association in
the resulting DWG file.
Output file: Exports to a binary or readable format.
Header: Specify whether to include a preview image, and in
what format.
FCW Import Setup
Explode Text: Explodes any text into its constituent parts.
Convert By World Scaled Arcs into Polylines: All arc
using the By World setting for line scaling will be converted
into arc segments of polylines with a supported AutoCAD
scaling method.
EPS Import Setup
Create Model Space Viewports: Specify whether to create
viewports for the Model Space presentation of your drawing.
GIF Export Setup
Import to: Choose whether the imported file will open in
Model Space or Paper Space.
PostScript Level: Level 2 is a more sophisticated version of
PostScript. It provides color extensions, support for fonts
with many characters, filters (for compression, etc.) and
improved image handling (inclusion of JPEG files, etc).
EPS Export Setup
Optimized: Color palette optimization. If not checked, the
initial color palette will imitate the Halftone palette, in which
the color of a pixel is adjusted by mixing colors of adjacent
pixels. If checked, the initial color palette will be optimized,
containing no more colors than the number specified in
Maximum Colors field.
Maximum Colors: Number of colors in the optimized
palette (from 2 to 256).
Explode Text: Explodes any text into its constituent parts.
Grayscale: The initial color palette will contain shades of
gray.
Save block as procedure: Saves the drawing's blocks as
procedures in the PostScript language.
Transparency Color: Sets the color that will be transparent.
Available for optimized palette.
Resolution: Sets the horizontal and vertical resolutions for
the two-dimensional presentation of your drawing. Check
Max Resolution to set the maximum 1600x1600 resolution.
30
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 1 Getting Started
IGS Import Setup
Adjust line pattern scale: Line style for improving line
display. Because IGS files can be created in a variety of
ways, either option (on or off) may work to improve
precision during import.
JPG Export Setup
50 without objectionable degradation. On the other hand,
you might need a higher quality setting to avoid further loss.
This is often necessary if the image contains dithering or
moire patterns. Except for experimental purposes, avoid
values above Q 95; Q 100 will produce a file two or three
times as large as Q 95, but with negligible quality
improvement.
Size of Rectangle: Sets the resolution for the exported
graphics. By default, these values are 600 x 800 but you can
customize the height and width
• Maximum resolution: The drawing will be defined
by a rectangular matrix of 2000 x 2000 logical pixels.
If there is at least one image object, this is set to 1000
x 1000.
NOTE: You can determine an object’s type by using the
Selection Info Palette. See "Selection Info Palette" on page
191.
OBJ Export Setup
Output Range: Creates an export file either out of the entire
drawing (All) or only the part that is currently in view
(View).
Save 3D objects as polygon mesh: When 3D objects are
converted into a mesh, smoothness may be lost, but exact
appearance will be preserved.
Use Render: Available only when Render or Hidden Line
mode is active. If checked, the exported image will show the
render displayed on the screen.
Save spline curves as polyline: When NURBS curves are
converted to polylines, smoothness will be lost, but exact
appearance will be preserved.
JPEG quality factor: Your goal is generally to pick the
lowest quality setting, or smallest file size, that
decompresses into an image indistinguishable from the
original. This setting can vary, but here are some rules of
thumb. For good-quality, full-color source images, the
default quality setting (Q 75) is very often the best choice.
This setting is about the lowest you can go without expecting
to see defects in a typical image. Try Q 75 first; if you see
defects, then increase. If the image was less than perfect
quality to begin with, you might be able to drop down to Q
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31
TurboCAD Reference Manual
PDF Export Setup
Gray Scale: The initial color palette will contains shades of
gray.
Maximum Colors: Number of colors in the palette (from 2
to 256). Available if Bits Per Pixel = 8.
Embedded fonts: Fonts will be embedded in the PDF file,
increasing the file size. If not checked, the PDF viewer (such
as Adobe Reader) will select a font that exists in the system.
True type as geometry: True-type text will be exploded into
a collection of lines.
Color: Selection of transparency color. When Bits Per Pixel
= 8, the pixels that have this color will be transparent. When
Bits Per Pixel = 24, the pixels that have this color will get
the level of opacity specified in the Opacity Level field. If
Color is off, the level of opacity will be set for all pixels of
an image.
Opacity Level: Level of opacity (alpha channel: from 0 to
255). Available if Bits Per Pixel = 24.
PLT Import Setup
SHX text as geometry: SHX text will be exploded into a
collection of lines.
Enable simple geometry optimization: When checked,
smaller PDF files will be created. This may affect the PDF
quality.
Workspaces to Export: Select Active to export only the
active Space, or All to export all Paper Spaces and Model
Spaces.
Import to: Choose whether to open the imported file in
Model or Paper Space.
PNG Export Setup
PLT Export Setup
Explode text: Explodes any text into its constituent parts.
Orientation: Sets the paper orientation to Portrait (vertical)
or Landscape (horizontal).
Bits Per Pixel: The number of bits per pixel in the saved
image. A value of 8 means a 256-color palette; a value of 24
means True Color palette.
32
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 1 Getting Started
SAT Import Setup
Mode: Choose one of the modes for representing SAT
objects.
Default: The choice of the polygon type is determined by the
surface type in the solid object model (planar, cylindrical,
spherical, toroidal, etc.)
3, 4, n-sided polygons: The number of sides of polygons
used for object representation.
If you wish to check what type of polygon is used for the
object presentation in an imported SAT file, do the
following.
1.
Once the SAT file has been imported, select an object
in the drawing, make a block of it, and bring this block
onto the paper of the TurboCAD desktop.
2.
Open the Properties window for this block, open the
Block Insertion page, and assign non-zero values to
the rotation coordinates.
3.
When a 3D view of your object is displayed, select the
object and explode it.
4.
After this you can display individual elements
(polygons) of the object by selecting the different parts
of objects.
SHX Export Setup
SHX Export Quality Factor: A high value creates shapes
that more accurately represent the selected geometry.
However, large values tend to create shapes that contain
more coordinate data and can be a processing burden during
regeneration. Low values create less accurate shapes that are
more quickly processed. You may need to experiment with
different values.
NOTE: SHX export does not create an *shx font file. Once
created, the results cannot be edited.
STL File Export Setup
Binary: Saves to a binary file.
Color Binary: Saves to a color binary file.
ASCII: Saves to an ASCII text file.
SAT Export Setup
Select the SAT version for export.
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TurboCAD Reference Manual
WMF Import Setup
Size of Rectangle: Sets the resolution for the exported
graphics. By default, these values are 400 x 400 but you can
customize the height and width
• Maximum resolution: The drawing will be defined
by a rectangular matrix of 8000 x 8000 logical pixels.
If there is at least one image object, this is set to 1000
x 1000.
NOTE: You can determine an object’s type by using the
Selection Info Palette. See "Selection Info Palette" on page
191.
Prohibition of palette change: Prevents TurboCAD from
changing the color palette.
WRL Export Setup
Insert to extents of: Sets the size of the imported drawing.
• View: The size is based on the current view.
• Drawing: The size is based on the entire drawing.
• Page: The size is based on the paper sheet.
• Custom: Define your own size.
Select a version of VRML file to save. You can also explode
the drawing text while creating the file for export.
Custom extents: Enter coordinates and dimensions of the
rectangle that encloses the drawing.
Open in Model Space: Opens the imported drawing in
Model Space. The drawing is placed on the default By
World workplane.
WMF Export Setup
Output Range: Creates an export file either out of the entire
drawing (All) or only the part that is currently in view
(View).
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 1 Getting Started
Starting TurboCAD
If you accepted the default installation settings, TurboCAD
can be accessed via the Windows Start / Programs menu.
1.
Click the Start button on the Windows taskbar.
2.
Select Programs / IMSI Design, and select the
version you have installed.
New from Scratch: Creates a new blank drawing with the
default settings.
New from Template: Enables you to select a predefined
template, which has size, units, and layout defined.
You can also start TurboCAD by double-clicking the desktop
icon.
In the opening screen, you can view a History of drawings
previously opened, browse to folders containing drawings
you want to open, or open a Template. You can also use this
window to import files of other types.
Page Setup Wizard: Opens the step-by-step guide for
setting page size and scale.
Open Drawing: Opens an existing drawing. Browse to the
desired folder to locate the file. For acceptable file types, see
"Importing and Exporting Files" on page 24.
Open Last Edited: Opens the last file you worked on.
If you want to create a new drawing, click New.
Page Setup Wizard
You can also close this window by clicking Cancel. You can
then select File / New within TurboCAD to create a new
drawing. The New TurboCAD Drawing window appears,
in which you specify what type of file you want to open.
A step-by-step guide to setting page size and drawing scale.
NOTE: This is not exactly the same as the Page Setup used
for printing, but any relevant parameters you set in this wizard
will appear in the Page Setup. See "Page Setup" on page
664.
If you selected Page Setup Wizard in the New TurboCAD
Drawing window, the wizard opens automatically. You can
also access it via File / Page Setup Wizard.
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TurboCAD Reference Manual
In the first page you can choose between English and Metric
units.
On the second page you can set the type of unit you want to
use - architectural (1’-3”), decimal (3.75 ft.), scientific, etc.
You can also specify the main unit (inches, feet, yards) and
the precision of the units.
36
The third page contains options for paper size and orientation
- these are used when printing. You can also enter drawing
information such as title, author, and comments.
The fourth page enables you to set the printing scale. This is
the size of the objects when printed, relative to their actual
size specified in the drawing.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 1 Getting Started
The fifth page enables you to create a default viewport for
mapping the Model Space drawings onto the paper sheet as
defined in Paper Space. When printing the default viewport
from Paper Space, you get a hard copy of the Plan view of
the current drawing because the Plan view is the default view
for Model Space.
Opening and Saving Files
Within TurboCAD you can choose to open a saved file or
start a new file. You can also open new and saved files from
within TurboCAD, and there are several options for saving
files.
NOTE: The General page of the Program Setup contains
several settings for opening and saving files. See "General
Setup" on page 61.
Opening Files
Hotkey: Ctrl+O
The sixth and final page enables you to save the settings for
future drawing or to restore the initial settings. Settings can
be edited in the TC Explorer Palette (see "TC Explorer
Palette" on page 91.).
Files of type: By default, you will open a *.tcw file. Use this
list if you want to open a file of a different format. See "Other
CAD Formats" on page 25.
Open as read-only: A read-only file can be viewed only; it
cannot be edited.
Description: Displays text entered in the Subject field of the
Summary Info window. See "Summary Info" on page 38.
Show Preview: Displays a thumbnail of the drawing. Only
TurboCAD files (*.tcw and *.tct) can display previews.
Setup: When importing files of other formats, provides
access to conversion options.
NOTE: You can select multiple files from the file window to
open at the same time. Simply hold down the Shift key to
select multiple files.
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TurboCAD Reference Manual
Saving Files
Summary Info
Hotkey: Ctrl+S
Records general information to be saved with the drawing.
Saves the current drawing to disk. If the file was not
previously saved, the Save As window will appear.
Save as type: By default, you will save the file as a *.tcw
file. Use this list if you want to save (export) the file to a
different format. See "Other CAD Formats" on page 25.
Setup: Enables you to set parameters for the saved *.tcs file
(see "TCW, TCT Export Setup" on page 25). When
exporting to another file format, provides access to
conversion options.
Save:
• Drawing: Saves the entire drawing.
• Selection: Saves the selected objects only.
If Prompt for Summary Info is checked in the General
page of the Program Setup, the Summary Info window
will appear before saving.
If Prompt for Summary Info is checked in the General
page of the Program Setup, the Summary Info window
will appear when you save the drawing.
File Name and Directory: Information for files that have
already been saved.
Keywords: Text used when searching for this file.
Subject: Descriptive text that appears in the Open and Save
windows. This text can also potentially be used by Windows
file search utilities.
TIP: If a drawing is being saved as a symbol, the Title should
be a short description of the symbol, and Subject contain a
more detailed description. See "Loading an Individual Symbol
into the Library" on page 309.
Save Preview Graphics with Drawing: Sets the type of
graphic image that will be stored with the drawing, so that it
can be previewed in TurboCAD and in other Windows
programs.
• None: No preview graphics will be saved.
• Bitmap: Suitable for large files because the bitmap
will use the same amount of space no matter how
complex the drawing is.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 1 Getting Started
• Metafile: Suitable for small files because it displays
more detail. Symbol previews are generally stored
using this option.
Create Preview by: Saves the preview as the plan view or
by the current view and render mode.
Purge
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
The purge tool is designed to make your files smaller by
eliminating un-used elements that are stored in you file. For
example you can purge un-used blocks, line styles, or object
styles.
1.
Select Purge. The Purge dialog will open.
Purge Options
Show Used Items: When this option is selected the tree will
show the items in the tree. You cannot purge while this
option is on. Selecting items in the tree will show purge
parameters for that item type. The parameters are displayed
in a text box directly below this option checkbox.
Purge default linestyles: If this option is turned on un-used
default linestyles will be purged from the drawing. This
option is off by de fu alt. It is recommended to use this option
with caution.
Purge default brushstyles: If this option is turned on
un-used default brushtyles will be purged from the drawing.
This option is off by default, it is recommended to use this
option with caution.
Clear all undo records before action: If this option is
turned on all undo buffers will be deleted. This prevents
issues with attempt to undo purged items. This option is on
by default.
Confirm each item to be purged: If this option is on you
will be presented will a confirmation dialog for each item
that is being purged from the drawing. This option is on by
default.
2.
Select the items you wish to purge. If necessary
expand the tree so you can select sub-items.
Alternately you can press the Purge All button.
3.
After selecting your items press the Purge button.
4.
Press Close when you are finished.
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TurboCAD Reference Manual
Getting Help
There are several ways to get help on any TurboCAD topic.
Online Help
The Help menu provides access to the online help, which
basically contains the same content as this book.
The help is also context-sensitive, which can be accessed in
several ways:
• Click the Help button (question mark icon), then click
on the tool button, menu item, tab, or palette in
question.
• Place the cursor over a button, menu item, or palette, or
highlight a menu item, and press F1.
• Press F1 while using a tool or window.
• Press the Help button on a window.
To see a tool tip for an icon, hold the cursor over the button
for a second or two. The tool tip will appear, showing the
name of the tool.
TIP: Look in the Help menu to see a list of keyboard shortcuts.
Look in the Help menu for the Tip of the Day for helpful hints.
The first time you enter the forums, you will be asked to
register. Registration helps maintain your preference
settings, and your real name and email address help us all
interact with you better.
The TurboCAD Forums are the place to get the absolute best
technical support. All the support comes from other users,
including professional experts (architects, engineers, and
drafters) from all over the world, some using TurboCAD
full-time. There are also a few IMSI Design employees and
programmers participating. Ours are perhaps the most active
forums in the CAD industry. It's free, and everyone is quite
eager to help. In fact, forum users help IMSI develop and
improve the software!
Feel free to reply to a message, post a new message, or create
your own new thread. Introduce yourself. Formalities are
waived, and you are welcome regardless of skill level. This
is where we get our questions answered and our struggles
resolved on a regular basis.
Technical Support
Go to the support section of http://www.turbocad.com for
detailed support options.
Technical support is available by calling 415-483-8000.
Web Tutorials
There are several online demo tutorials that can be accessed
from the page that appears in the Internet Palette. You need
the Macromedia Flash plug-in to view these tutorials.
These short, animated demos demonstrate some basic
concepts about the user interface, and show you how to use
some of the TurboCAD tools.
Help on the Internet
Select Help / TurboCAD on the Web. Each item in the
submenu opens the Internet Palette to the selected web site.
Forums
Go to www.turbocad.com and click User Forums. Choose
the forum for the version of TurboCAD you have.
40
Technical Support will work closely with you to solve any
problems related to our software. Please give our support
technicians as much information as possible. Remember that
they are not in front of your computer and that they need your
help to diagnose the problem.
On occasion, a problem can be traced to hardware, or to
another software application. Our technician will supply as
much support as possible in these cases, but they are not
authorized to support products manufactured or published by
another company.
You might find that e-mail is a more convenient way to get
technical support. If you do send e-mail, provide as much
information as you can about your system and about the
problem.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 1 Getting Started
Technical Support CheckList
You may already have the information you are looking for.
Before calling, check this manual thoroughly. To receive the
fastest response to your technical questions, please be in
front of your computer with TurboCAD running, and be
prepared to provide the following information before you
call or send e-mail:
• The type of computer and Windows version you are
using.
• The name, version number, and other information
about your specific version of the product. (To find this
information, select Help / About TurboCAD from the
TurboCAD menu.)
• The exact sequence of events that created the problem.
Verify that you can reproduce the problem by
following the same series of steps.
• The exact wording of any error messages.
• Steps you've taken to find the answer to your question,
including resources used.
• The results of any steps you have undertaken to resolve
the problem.
contact us at www.turbocad.com
41
TurboCAD Reference Manual
42
For updates and additional information,
2 User Interface
This section provides information on your working
environment in TurboCAD. In addition to descriptions of the
UI and its components, information is provided about
program and drawing setup, customization, and windows.
You can use the small button at the top left corner, at the
intersection of the rulers, to toggle between Model and Paper
Spaces.
Object properties, and the various means of setting and
changing properties, are also covered.
Components of the UI
The main area of the TurboCAD screen is the drawing area.
When creating and inserting 2D and 3D objects, you
typically work in Model Space, and when putting your
model on paper, Paper Space is used.
By default, the background color is white, but you can
change that by selecting Options / Background Color and
choosing another color.
Nearly all components of the screen can be customized. See
"Customizing the UI" on page 57.
NOTE: If the rulers are turned off, this button will not appear.
Go to Program Setup to toggle the ruler display.
There are also workspace tabs at the lower left corner of the
screen. By default, each file starts with one tab for Paper
Space. Click the tabs to switch spaces.
Drawing Area: Model Space and Paper
Space
For creating and laying out your drawing, TurboCAD
provides you with two drawing environments: Model Space
and Paper Space.
• Model Space is the environment in which you create
your drawing, usually called a model. In this area you
do drafting and design work, creating two-dimensional
drawings or three-dimensional models.
• Paper Space is the environment in which you create the
final layout of your drawing for printing or plotting it
on paper. In Paper Space you usually arrange the
drawing's elements on a sheet of paper.
NOTE: If scroll bars are turned off, these tabs will not appear.
Go to Program Setup to toggle the scroll bar display.
Menu Bar
All tools and options are available by selecting them from
the menus at the top of the screen - File, Edit, View, etc.
(Most tools are available in toolbar icons as well).
NOTE: Floating Model Space enables you to use Model Space
tools within a viewport in Paper Space. See "Floating Model
Space" on page 661.
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TurboCAD Reference Manual
Toolbars
Toolbars are groups of related icons. They can be located on
top and below the screen, and to either side of the screen.
• Right-click in any toolbar area. The local menu that
appears contains the list of all available toolbars; select
a toolbar to add or remove from the screen.
Moving, Docking, and Rolling Toolbars
By default, certain toolbars are docked along the sides of the
screen, and when you display another toolbar it appears
“floating” on the screen. You can dock and undock all
toolbars, and the same applies for palettes as well.
You can drag a toolbar by picking it on its top or bottom edge
(for vertical toolbars) or either side edge (for horizontal
toolbars).
By default, the Standard toolbar appears at the top of the
screen, and the Property toolbar (see "Property Toolbar" on
page 80) appears just below it. Drawing tools appear along
the left side.
Icons that have a small yellow or black triangle in the corner
are fly-outs. If you click one and hold the mouse button...
... the entire toolbar will “fly out,” and you can select the
desired icon. The color of the triangle is dependant upon UI
settings.
For palettes, pick and drag it by its title bar.
Moving a toolbar to any edge of the screen will dock it to that
edge. Docking to either side creates a vertical toolbar,
docking to the top or bottom of the screen creates a
horizontal toolbar. You can also move a toolbar onto the
drawing area, where it will “float” on the screen.
TIP: You can also undock or dock a toolbar by double-clicking
any icon on the toolbar.
Status Bar
Located at the lower left corner of the screen, the Status Bar
lets you know the current status of the model.
You can also create tabbed toolbars and popup toolbars that
appear when you open the local menu. You can modify a
toolbar’s icons and create your own toolbars. See
"Customize Toolbars" on page 58.
In addition to the default toolbars you see when you first start
TurboCAD, there are numerous other toolbars you can
display. There are two ways to access additional toolbars:
• Open the Toolbars and Menus page of Program
Setup. This opens the Toolbars tab of the Customize
window, which contains a list of all available toolbars;
check the ones you want to see.
44
For example, if you have just activated the Line tool, the
Status Bar will contain the prompt “Define the start point of
the line.”
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 2 User Interface
Inspector Bar
Enables you to create objects by defining some or all of its
numerical parameters.
By default, the Inspector Bar is located immediately below
the drawing window.
You can access the numeric fields via the cursor, or by
pressing Tab or Ctrl+E. You can also press Tab to scroll
forward to the next field. Return to the drawing by pressing
Esc or clicking in the drawing.
TIP: If you want to jump from the Coordinate Fields to the
Inspector Bar, first press Esc, then Ctrl+E.
NOTE: You can customize the Inspector Bar appearance, by
choosing Classic or Custom in the Desktop page of the
Program Setup. You can also display or hide the Inspector
Bar on this page.
For most tools, the Inspector Bar is divided into three parts.
On the left side are two icons, Cancel and Properties.
• Cancel: Ends an operation without completing it. For
some tools, once the operation is complete the tool
remains active. You must click Cancel, or activate
another tools, to exit the tool. The hotkey for Cancel is
the Esc key.
If you enter a value and press Enter, Any Ortho or snap
modes are ignored. You can also enter the results of
mathematic expressions from the Calculator. See
"Calculator Palette - Variables" on page 52 and "Using
Expressions in Data Fields" on page 54.
Locking: For some fields you can lock their values by
clicking the lock symbol. This means that no matter where
you place the cursor, the value will remain fixed.
The right side of the Inspector Bar contains options relevant
for the tool or mode.
NOTE: All options on this section of the Inspector Bar can also
be accessed from the local menu, opened by right-clicking.
• Properties: Opens the Properties window for the
object you are creating. See "Object Properties" on
page 79.
The middle section of the Inspector Bar contains the numeric
fields. For example, when creating a line segment in the
Polyline tool, you can set the Length, Angle, and Start and
End Widths. For a circle, the fields would be Radius,
Diameter and Circumference. When moving the cursor to
position or size an object, the values in the fields update
dynamically.
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There are two common local menu options that appear for
many functions: Finish and One Step Back.
• Finish: Completes the operation and exits the tool. For
instance, when creating a polyline, you can click
Finish after creating the last segment. The hotkey for
Finish is Alt+F.
NOTE: For many tools, double-clicking when creating the last
component of an object is equivalent to clicking Finish.
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TurboCAD Reference Manual
• One Step Back: For tools that require multiple steps,
this enables you to scroll backward through the steps
already completed until you reach the desired start
point, then continue working.
You can access the numeric fields via the cursor, or by
pressing Shift+Tab or Ctrl+R. You can also press Tab to
scroll between Coordinate fields.
TIP: If you want to jump from the Inspector Bar to the
Coordinate Fields, first press Esc, then Ctrl+R.
When in Select Edit mode, the Inspector Bar has a different
appearance. The numeric fields enable you to change the
size, scale, and rotation of the selected objects, while the
local menu options include Make Copy, Selector properties,
etc. Size and Position fields for 3D objects are turned off by
default. See "Select Edit" on page 198.
If you enter a value and press Enter, Any Ortho or snap
modes are ignored. You can also enter the results of
mathematic expressions from the Calculator. See
"Calculator Palette - Variables" on page 52 and "Using
Expressions in Data Fields" on page 54.
Locking: You can lock a coordinate by clicking the lock box.
This means that no matter where you place the cursor, the
value will remain fixed.
NOTE: The options that appear on the Inspector Bar in Select
Edit mode depend on whether you are in 2D or 3D Selector
mode, and can be changed. See "2D / 3D Selector" on page
181.
Customizing the Inspector Bar
You can remove any of the fields or local menu option icons
by right-clicking anywhere on the Inspector Bar (except the
numeric fields). This opens a local menu in which you can
deselect any of the controls.
You can also change the width of any of the numeric fields
by dragging either side with the mouse.
Coordinate Fields
When creating or sizing objects, you can define points by
entering them directly into the Coordinate Fields. By default,
this toolbar is located at the lower right corner of the screen.
You can also lock coordinates by using the Lock options in
the Modes menu.
TIP: The Coordinate Field locks are particularly useful when
you lock just one field. If you use a locked value in one field,
you can then set the second coordinate using the mouse. This
makes it easy to define a series of points along a specific
horizontal or vertical line.
The Coordinate Field also provides access to snap modes.
Disable the SNAP button to temporarily turn off any running
snaps, and disable the GEO button to temporarily turn off
any running geometric aids Right-clicking on either the
SNAP or GEO fields opens the Drawing Aids window. See
"Snaps" on page 108.
When moving the cursor, the values in the fields update
dynamically.
The type of coordinates depends on the coordinate system
you are using. In the absolute and relative coordinate
systems you use X, Y coordinates. In the polar coordinate
system you enter an angle and distance. See "Coordinate
Systems" on page 105.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 2 User Interface
Palette Area
Scroll Bars
Located by default on the right side of the screen, the tabbed
palettes provide convenient access to many features, such as
Blocks, the Internet, Properties, etc.
Your drawing can be larger (much larger!) than what you see
on the screen. The scroll bars can be used to pan to a different
area of your drawing. Click on the arrows at the ends of the
scroll bars to move a small amount. Drag the scroll box itself
to move faster.
For details on each palette, see "Palettes" on page 48.
Rulers
You can work with rulers to have a visual representation of
the current dimensions.
Local Menu
The local menu, sometimes called the context menu, popup
menu or context-sensitive menu, is opened by right-clicking
the mouse. The contents of this menu differ depending on
where you right-click, and in which tool you are working.
NOTE: You can customize the contents of the local menu via
Tools / Customize. See "Customize Popup Toolbars" on
page 58.
Rulers are only displayed for orthographic views (top, left,
right, etc.) and display the current Model Space or Paper
Space units (see "Space Units" on page 71).
TIP: Another handy visual aid, which can be used in tandem
with rulers, is the grid. See "Grid" on page 107.
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When working in a tool, options on the local menu also
appear in the Inspector Bar. See "Inspector Bar" on page 45.
In addition to customizing local menu items, you can add
popup toolbars - icons that will appear each time you open
the local menu. See "Customize Popup Toolbars" on page
58.
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TurboCAD Reference Manual
The following items are found on most local menus:
Cancel: Cancels the current operation, and exits without
completing.
Undo: Undoes the last operation and return to the previous
condition. The last operation is displayed here.
To dock a palette to any of the four edges of the TurboCAD
window, drag the palette toolbar to the relevant arrow, either
displayed at the center of the drawing area, or along the
desired edge.
Redo: Reverses Undo.
Properties: Opens the Properties window. See "Object
Properties" on page 79.
Local Snap: Sets the snap mode for the next point only. See
"Snaps" on page 108 and "Snap Modes" on page 111.
Palettes
TurboCAD palettes are convenient screen areas used for
performing common tasks and for obtaining information. By
default, the palettes are displayed on the right side of the
screen, and contain tabs for easy display and switching.
NOTE: These arrows are displayed only if Docking Stickers
is checked on the Palettes page of the Customize window
(Tools / Customize).
To combine palettes into a group, drag more palettes onto a
docked palette.
The palettes commands are available on the View menu, and
can be accessed on the flyout toolbar on the Standard
toolbar.
You can also display the Palettes toolbar by right-clicking on
any toolbar area and selecting Palettes.
To customize how palettes are displayed, see "Customize
Palettes" on page 59.
Docking Palettes
Palettes can be docked just like toolbars (see "Moving,
Docking, and Rolling Toolbars" on page 44). In addition,
palettes can be docked onto other palettes to create palette
groups.
Drag a palette onto the desktop by its named tab (the tab that
contains the name of the palette. The palette must actually be
displayed before it can be dragged onto another palette
group.
To replace palettes, simply drag their tabs back to the palette
area.
Library Palette
Symbols and parametric parts are groups of objects available
for repeated use. While groups and blocks are internal to a
drawing, symbols and parts are external files. The Symbols
palette is used to display and insert symbols found in the
various symbol libraries - both those included with
TurboCAD installation and those you create yourself. You
can also use the palette to save symbols.
See ".Library" on page 304.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 2 User Interface
Blocks Palette
A block is a collection of objects combined into a single
object. Blocks are useful for storing complex, common
drawing objects that you will use more than once. Blocks are
stored in the drawing's internal block library and a block
reference, and not the actual object, is inserted into the
drawing. When a block is edited, all instances of that block
in the drawing are updated.
See "Blocks" on page 291.
Selection Info
By default the TurboCAD home page is opened, but you can
enter any URL and use the toolbar icons at the top to navigate
the web. The features on this toolbar (Back, Forward, Stop,
Refresh, etc.) are identical to those used in your
conventional browser.
You can insert hyperlinks into your drawing that will open a
web page (or a file). See "Hyperlinks" on page 178.
Colors and Brushes
Displays all colors and brushes currently available. See
"Color Palette" on page 65 for details on adding or
modifying colors.
By default, the Colors and Brushes palette shows colors on
the top and brushes (hatch patterns) on the bottom.
Displays information about the currently selected object or
objects, such as entity type, measurements, location in the
drawing, and physical and engineering properties.
See "Selection Info Palette" on page 191.
You can also use this palette to edit 3D objects. See "Editing
3D Objects using Selection Info" on page 487.
Measurement Info
Displays measurements calculated by the Measure tools.
You can measure point coordinates, distance and perimeter,
angle, and area. See "Measuring" on page 277.
Internet Palette
Provides access to the Internet from within the TurboCAD
screen. The Internet Palette launches Microsoft Internet
Explorer.
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The color selected at the top and the brush pattern selected at
the bottom appear in the Property toolbar. These properties
become the default for the current tool and other tools in the
tool group.
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TurboCAD Reference Manual
For example, if Line is active and you set a color, this color
will become the default for Rectangle, Polyline, etc.
• Expand Colors:
The icons at the top of the palette are as follows:
• Color Palette:
Toggle this icon off if you don’t want the colors
displayed.
The icons at the bottom of the palette are as follows:
Opens the palette in which you can create new colors
or modify existing ones. See "Color Palette" on page
65.
• Line Style Editor:
Opens the Line Styles page of the Drawing Setup.
See "Line Styles" on page 74.
• Show hatches, gradients, or bitmaps:
Filters what types of brushes are displayed. Hatches
are simple repeated line patterns. For details on
gradient fills, see "Gradient Patterns" on page 87, and
for bitmaps, see "Bitmap Patterns" on page 86.
• Brush Color and Fill Color:
• Brush Style Editor:
Opens the Brush Editor, in which you can create new
brushes or modify existing ones. See "Brush Styles" on
page 84.
• Pen Color:
Sets the colors of the hatch pattern lines and the empty
space between lines. If you click the brush or fill-can
icons, you can select color on screen as described for
Pen color above.
• Brush Transparency:
Click the color swatch to replace the color with one
from the palette. If you click the pen icon, you can then
click any TurboCAD object to select its color. To pick
the color of any other object, i.e. objects in other
applications, keep the left mouse button pressed and
release it when hovering over the object whose color
you want.
• Index Colors:
Controls the transparency of the brush pattern and fill.
• Expand brushes:
Toggle this icon off if you don’t want the colors
displayed.
Toggles on the display of indexed colors instead of
RGB colors. Indexed colors correspond to the
indexing of colors in AutoCAD.
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1.
To see how Colors and Brushes works, set a color, line
weight and brush for the Circle tool group, and create
a circle.
2.
Select the circle, and click another color in the upper
section of the palette.
The color of the circle updates.
3.
4.
To easily change the brush color, select the circle and
right-click on the color you want for the brush.
The brush pattern (not fill color) updates to the new
color.
NOTE: The above changes only affect the selected circle. If
you create a new circle, or use any other tool in the
Circle/Ellipse group, the properties you originally set will be
used. You can change the default properties simply by
activating a tool and setting new properties.
Change the brush pattern the same way - first select the
circle, then click a different pattern from the lower
section of the palette.
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TurboCAD Reference Manual
5.
Activate Rectangle (or any other tool in the Line
group), and set a new pen color, brush, and brush and
fill colors.
NOTE: The rectangle is in front of the circle because it was
created after the circle. For details on stacking, see "Stacking
Objects" on page 248.
Calculator Palette - Variables
Hotkey: F2 (Ctrl+F2 to close)
Enables you to make numerical calculations within
TurboCAD, and to define variables.
You can also use this palette to assign constraints to
dimensions. See "Constraining Dimensions" on page 269.
Mathematical Calculations
6.
Create a rectangle that overlaps the circle.
Any tool you use in this group will have these
properties.
7.
To perform a calculation, enter the values in the top field of
the palette, using parentheses as needed to create inner
expressions. No spaces are allowed. The four mathematical
operators should be entered as +, -, * (multiply), and /
(divide).
To calculate the result, press Enter.
Select the rectangle and lower the Brush
Transparency.
You can now see through the rectangle.
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You can also use these commonly-used values in place of
numbers:
Press Enter to obtain the result.
• pi =3.1415926
• e =2.71828
The function (F) button enables you to perform a function on
the value in the parentheses. For example, select sin(x) to get
the sine of an angle.
Some functions require two values, such as exponentials.
pow(x, y) raises x to the y power.
Include the values and press Enter to get the result.
Defining and Using Variables
sin(x) appears in the calculator field (you also could have
entered this expression yourself manually).
In addition to calculating numerical equations, you can use
the Calculator Palette to define variables. Subsequent values
and variables can then be based on variables you’ve already
created.
Sine is calculated for radians, so if you have a value in
degrees it must be converted. Look in the functions menu
under Units Conversion and select rad(a), which converts
degrees to radians.
In the calculator field, enter the variable definition in the
format “variable name=value” (in this example, Length=5).
The value can be a number, function, or another variable.
Variables are case sensitive and cannot have spaces.
Press Enter, and the variable, value, and formula are listed in
the list below.
Arrange the expression so that the parentheses are in the
correct places, and include the angle in degrees (45 in this
case):
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You can also enter a variable and variable or formula directly
in the fields of the list.
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The next variable can be based on an existing variable. In the
calculator field, enter an equation that uses a variable name,
such as “Width=Length/2.”
Press Enter, and the new variable appears, with its calculated
value.
Back in the Inspector Bar, the first field contains the new
value.
For subsequent fields of the Inspector Bar or Coordinate
Fields, do not press Tab to scroll. Instead, place the cursor in
the desired field, then press F2 to access the Calculator
Palette.
Style Manager
Using Expressions in Data Fields
Numbers or variables from the Calculator Palette can be used
as values in the Inspector Bar or Coordinate fields.
Enables you to define styles for commonly-used
architectural items, such as windows, doors, and tables.
As an example, define Length and Width variables, and
draw a rectangle (see "Rectangle" on page 142). Select the
first corner point, but not the second point.
See "Style Manager" on page 564.
Design Director
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
A convenient place to perform commands related to layers,
workplanes, views, cameras, and objects or object groups.
Press Tab to access the first field in the Inspector Bar. The
value is highlighted.
See "Design Director" on page 125.
Drafting Palette
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Press F2 to access the Calculator Palette. In the calculator
field, type Length and press Enter.
Enables you to place standard views of a model into Paper
Space. You can also create sectional views. See "Drafting
Palette - Creating Standard Views" on page 643.
NOTE: You could also enter a mathematical expression based
on numbers, or an expression that includes one or more
variables.
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MacroRecorder Palette
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
A multi-purpose palette, enabling you to browse files, view
components (layers, blocks, etc.) of all open files, and copy
components from one file to another.
See "TC Explorer Palette" on page 91.
Parametric Part Script Editor
Creates and plays scripts - scenarios of creating and editing
objects and manipulating their properties. You can also
record object transformation - moving, copying, scaling, and
rotating. Scripts can be saved for future play. See "Macro
Recorder" on page 671.
Environments Palette
Render scene environments (see "Environments" on page
530) can be assigned to a drawing to enhance its rendering.
Options are available for the model background and
foreground. For details on using the palette, see
"Environments Palette" on page 532.
Enables you to write o r edit scripts for parametric parts.
See "Parametric Part Script Editor" on page 323.
Tools Palette
A palette that enables you to view commonly-used sets of
tools.
The Tools Palette contains, by default, four templates of tool
groups. The default template is Sketch, which contains
toolbars for Line, Double Line, Curve, etc.
Luminances Palette
Luminances (see "Luminance" on page 518) are light types
that are added to an object, as opposed to lights added to the
overall model. See "Luminances Palette" on page 521.
Materials Palette
If you switch to another template, such as 3D Model, you
will see tools relating to 3D modeling: 3D Object, Boolean
Facet, etc.
Materials (see "Materials" on page 522) can be assigned to
3D objects in order to create more realistic rendering. See
"Materials Palette" on page 529.
TC Explorer Palette
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Deluxe only
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Open a set of tools to see what tools are listed within. These
are the same tools you would see in the toolbar of the same
name. For example, the Line toolbar is available as a
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separate toolbar, or as a fly-out toolbar along the left vertical
toolbar. But if you use Line tools often, it is handy to keep
them open in this palette for easy access.
If you are not familiar with each tool, Icons and Full
Prompts shows the icon along with a complete tool
description.
You can also create new templates. Click the toolbox icon
and select Panels Setup.
You can also control how these tools are listed in the palette.
Click the toolbox drop-down icon on the Tools Palette
toolbar. Icons and Tips is shown below, each tool has an
icon and a tool name listed.
NOTE: If you select Theme, you can control the look and
colors (skins) of the Tools Palette.
The default templates, or panels, are listed here:
Icons Only displays only the icons. This is handy if you are
already familiar with the tools and want to save space.
To create a new template, click the + icon.
You are then asked for a template name. For example, if you
create architectural drawings, name this template
“Architecture.”
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On the left side of the window, find the toolbars you want to
add to this template. Click the right-facing arrow to add it to
the list. (Or double-click on the toolbar name.)
Customizing the UI
You can customize toolbars, menus, keyboard, and your
IntelliMouse (if you use one).
You can invoke the Customize window at any time by
right-clicking in any blank toolbar area.
NOTE: If you prefer an older interface for customizing toolbars
and menus, select UI Themes, and select the Version 11
interface.
Customize Options
Continue adding toolbars. You can use the Move Up and
Move Down icons to arrange the order of the template.
Enables you to manage the configuration files, control the
look of the TurboCAD window, and specify external
devices.
Click OK, and the “Architecture” tool group appears in the
palette.
Theme: Select from several different workspace looks, or
“skins.”
Workspace: Select from several options that affect what
toolbars are displayed and how they are laid out. If you create
a workspace you want to use again, click Save In.
Other: Various settings for how icons and tooltips are
displayed. Menu animations refers to how drop-down
menus appear when a menu item is clicked.
Devices: Click Additional Devices Setup to configure any
external devices you use with TurboCAD. By default, only
Intellimouse is available.
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Customize IntelliMouse
Relevant if you have an Intellimouse connected to your
computer.
To customize a new or existing toolbar, first make sure it is
displayed. Then click the arrow icon shown; the location of
this arrow depends on whether or not the toolbar is docked.
Wheel assignment: Shows the command that will be
executed when you rotate the mouse wheel forward, back, or
click with it. To change it, highlight the desired command,
select Forward, Backward, or Click, and click Assign to
implement the change.
This invokes options which enable you to add or remove
icons.
You can also use Customize Commands to add or remove
icons. See see "Customize Commands" on page 60.
Customize Toolbars
The Toolbars page enables you to select which toolbars are
displayed.
NOTE: If you prefer an older interface for toolbar
customization, select Tools / UI Themes, and select the
Version 11 interface.
Customize Popup Toolbars
This page can also be opened by right-clicking in any blank
toolbar area.
You cannot delete default toolbars, but you can create new
toolbars by clicking the New button. Toolbars you create this
way can later by deleted.
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Popup toolbars are icons that appear with the local menu,
which is opened by right-clicking. This is useful if you use
certain icons frequently and want convenient access to them.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 2 User Interface
There are three PopUp toolbars defined by default:
Customize Palettes
The Palettes page enables you to control which palettes
appear and how they can be displayed and moved.
If you want to add additional popup toolbars, simply check
them on the list. If you want to change the existing popup
toolbars, first display them as standalone toolbars. This is
done in the Toolbars page of the Customize window, or by
right-clicking in any toolbar area and selecting the popup
toolbar you want to display.
Auto activate palettes: Opens the palette relevant for the
current option. For instance, when using hyperlinks, the
Internet palette opens.
Auto hide palettes: Hides the palette when not in use.
To customize the toolbar, click the arrow icon shown. This
invokes options which enable you to add or remove icons.
Docked palettes: These options are relevant while moving
or docking palettes.
• Show Caption: Displays the palette title.
• Use Splitter Tracker: If disabled, the palette can be
resized dynamically (in real time).
You can also use Customize Commands to add or remove
icons. See "Customize Commands" on page 60.
• Alpha Docking Context: If disabled, an outline of the
palette appears while moving a palette. If on, a
transparent blue rectangle appears while moving.
• Docking Stickers: Displays the blue controls that
appear while moving or docking.
For details on the various palettes available, see "Palettes" on
page 48.
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TurboCAD Reference Manual
Customize Tool Groups
Customize Commands
Tool groups are used to specify what palettes and popup
toolbars appear for certain groups of tools.
The Commands page enables you to customize toolbars by
adding and removing icons.
1.
To create a tool group, click the “+” icon.
Display the toolbar you want to change, and open the
Commands page. Locate the commands you want to add to
the toolbar, and drag it from the Commands list to the
toolbar itself.
2.
Assign a name to the tool group.
3.
In the top part of the window, select the toolbars that
contain the tools in the group. In the lower part, select
the palette (or palettes) and popup toolbars that will
appear while you are working in any of these tools.
To remove an icon from a toolbar, drag it away from the
toolbar into the Commands page.
Customize Keyboard
The Keyboard page enables you to view current keyboard
shortcuts (hotkeys), to modify them, or to create new ones.
TIP: Select Help / Keyboard for a list of all shortcuts.
In the above example, the Selection Info palette will be
the default open palette when you are working with
any 3D Modify tool. Another example could be to
open the Calculator palette when using any Dimension
tool.
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1.
Locate the Category and then the command for which
you want a shortcut.
2.
If a shortcut already exists, it will be listed in the
Current Keys box.
The options that you set in this window are saved when you
exit TurboCAD, and will remain in effect the next time you
start the program.
The Program Setup pages can be accessed from the
Options menu, or from the flyout icon on the Standard
toolbar.
You can also display the Program Setup toolbar by
right-clicking in any toolbar area and selecting Program
Setup.
You can click Remove to delete any unwanted
shortcuts.
3.
4.
To assign a shortcut, type it (for instance, press Ctrl+E)
and it will appear in the Press New Shortcut Key box.
Click Assign to implement the shortcut.
Program Setup
Contains pages in which you can control TurboCAD
program settings. You can access each page directly from the
Options menu.
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TIP: You can also use the System Defaults in the TC Explorer
Palette to set program setup options. See "Program Defaults"
on page 93.
General Setup
Sets file opening and saving parameters, as well as user
information.
New document from: Select how files will be opened when
using File / New.
Default template for new files: If no template is specified
when creating a file, a default template will be used. This
option sets the default template.
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Prompt for template name: You will be prompted for a
template each time you start a new file. If you want to use the
default template without being prompted, clear this box.
Desktop
Controls what appears on the screen.
Open all files as read-only: If checked, files cannot be
edited.
Make backup copies: If checked, select On First Save or
On Every Save to determine how often backups will be
made. Backup files have the extension *.bak. By default,
backup files are saved in the same folder as your primary
drawing files, but you can change this on the File Locations
page.
Save drawings every: If checked, autosave copies (*.asv
files) will be made at the specified intervals. After a system
crash, TurboCAD will open the autosave version of your
drawing as soon as you launch TurboCAD. Autosave files
are stored in the \AutoSave folder by default, but you can
change this on the File Locations page.
Prompt for summary information: The Summary
Information window enables you to record user information
connected to your drawing. If checked, this window will be
displayed the first time that you save any drawing to disk,
and whenever you use Save As to save a new copy of the file.
Healing of SAT insertions: For imported files, heals gaps
between faces and holes within faces.
Save desktop on exit: If checked, the desktop settings
(toolbars, etc.) will be saved when you exit the program.
Load at startup: You can choose to load the last working
file and the last window layout (see "Window Layout
Templates" on page 78) each time you start TurboCAD.
Workspace: Controls the display of the working area
• Status Bar: Displays or hides the Status Bar.
• Scroll bars: Displays or hides the scroll bars.
• Rulers: Displays or hides the rulers.
• Inspector Bar: Displays or hides the Inspector Bar.
See "Inspector Bar" on page 45.
Desktop Scheme: Customizes the color of paper and
background, and floating palettes. Click Modify to change
an element’s color.
TIP: You can also click the different elements in the preview
window.
• Show margins: Displays page (printer) margins.
• Show background: If checked, the background
behind the paper will be displayed. If unchecked, the
background will be white.
TIP: You can switch off the paper until you're ready to print,
then use the Page Setup (see "Page Setup" on page 664) to
place your drawing on the page.
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OpenGL Hardware Acceleration: Available if your video
card is equipped with an accelerator, take this characteristic
into account while performing a render.
Render new window: When you render your drawing, the
render view will open in a new drawing window.
Background Render: With this option, TurboCAD tools
work faster in Render mode; rendering will “interfere” less
with other tools. This setting can only be applied when
working with one window.
Preference
General program options, such as cursor shape, axis color,
zoom factor, and display of coordinate system icons.
• Show Snap Aperture: Displays a circular area around
the cursor whose radius is the Aperture Size. Aperture
is used while snapping, to detect objects.
NOTE: You can also use the Cursor menu to change the
cursor display.
Zoom factor: Controls how much you zoom in or out of the
drawing when you use Zoom In or Zoom Out. The default
zoom step setting is 2, meaning that zooming in doubles the
size. See "Zoom In and Zoom Out" on page 99.
Fixed relative origin: If checked, the relative origin will be
fixed while in relative or polar coordinates. If you need to
relocate the origin, it must be done manually. See "Relative
Coordinates" on page 106 and "Polar Coordinates" on page
106.
Geometric select edit: If checked, objects will be selected
by their geometric extents, rather than their cosmetic extents.
This permits geometrically accurate scaling of objects like
double lines and lines that have nonzero width. See
"Geometric and Cosmetic Select Modes" on page 198.
Use Choice if several entities in aperture while selection:
If more than object lies within the aperture area during a
selection, a small window appears from which you can select
the desired object.
Undo/Redo:
Coordinate system icon: You can choose to display the
UCS and/or WCS. For both, you can set the color of the axes
and size of the icon. For the WCS, select the corner of the
screen where it will be displayed.
Drawing cursor:
• Cursor Shape: Select one of the three shapes
provided.
• Undo/Redo depth: Sets the number of operations
stored in the Undo buffer.
• Include Model / Paper space switch in Undo buffer:
If checked, switching between Model and Paper
spaces will be included in the Undo buffer.
Old style text output: Revert to the text display feature of
older versions of TurboCAD.
• Show crosshairs: Overrides the normal cursor,
displaying a screenwide horizontal and vertical line
intersecting at the cursor position.
• Show Isometric: Overrides the normal cursor,
displaying all three axes.
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Toolbars and Menu
File Locations
Open the Customize window to the Toolbars page to
modify toolbars. See "Customize Toolbars" on page 58.
Enables you to specify the folders where TurboCAD places
several types of program files.
Auto-Naming
Controls how groups, blocks, and symbols are named. See
"Auto-Naming" on page 289.
• Templates (*.tct) - Files in which you save settings as
well as block libraries, symbol libraries, and scripts,
that you can use to start a new drawing.
Prompt for name: You will receive a prompt each time a
new item is created.
Generate names: Names will be automatically assigned.
Prefix: If names are automatically generated, you can enter
a string that appears before the item name. The "@"
character is a placeholder for the automatic number.
• Backups (*.bak) - Backups that are created if you
check Make Backup Copies option in the General
page.
• AutoSave Files (*.asv) - Files that are saved
automatically, if this option is turned on in the General
page. These files allow you to restore work after a
system crash.
Insert blocks when creating: Each block will be inserted
into the drawing once it is created.
• Symbol Library Files (*.slw) - Sets of related
symbols, saved to one common *.slw file, or a set of
drawing files saved to a specified folder.
Prompt for library location: If not checked, all saved
symbols will be stored in the default folder. See "Loading
Symbol Folders into the Library" on page 309.
• Drawings (*.tcw) - Drawings and models you create
in TurboCAD.
NOTE: If you turn off both the Prompt for name and Generate
names options, names will not be assigned to groups. Names
will be assigned to blocks and symbols, however.
• Print Styles: See "Print Style Options" on page 667.
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• Publish to HTML Files - Files created using File /
Publish to HTML.
• Shapes (*.shx): Shape files (*.shx) used in the
creating of line styles. (This is not the same as *.shx
font files.) See "Line Style Editor" on page 76.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 2 User Interface
TIP: If you have two disk drives (or access to a network drive),
it is wise to have your backup files automatically saved to a
second drive.
Color Palette
Enables you to add, modify, or delete colors from the
TurboCAD palette.
Symbol Libraries
Displays the folders containing files that can be viewed in
the Library palette.
To add a new color, type the name and click New. You will
then be prompted to select a color from the color wheel.
Click New to add more folders. You can also modify the
name of a library folder or file, or delete or modify symbol
library files and/or folders. You can also access the symbol
libraries from the Library palette. See ".Library" on page 304
You can modify a color by selecting it from the list and
clicking Modify. Delete a color by selecting it and clicking
Delete.
When you have the colors you want, they can be displayed
for easy selection in the Colors and Brushes palette. see
"Colors and Brushes" on page 49.
The Color Wheel
You can set colors by RGB values, or by Hue, Saturation,
and Value numbers.
Red, Green, Blue: Sets the amount of each color in the light.
Values can be a maximum of 255.
Hue: The color value, where 0 is red, 60 is yellow, 120 is
green, 180 is cyan, 200 is magenta, and 240 is blue. If you
change the hue, the values for red, green, and blue will be
changed to match.
Sat: The saturation level for the color (amount of color), up
to a maximum of 240.
Lum: The luminosity (brightness) of the color.
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Warning Dialogs
• DCM Default: Changes to any part of a set of
constrained objects can affect all objects equally.
• Use Priority Level: Constraint changes to any part of
a set of objects will affect that part first, with minimal
changes to the remaining objects.
Controls the display of TurboCAD warning messages. If you
received a warning message with the “Don't show this
message again” checkbox, the warning message will appear
in this table. Use the Show column to show or hide
messages.
Constraints
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
• Incremental Evaluation: Constraint changes are
constantly checked and changes are being made. If
disabled, the results will be checked only after changes
are made. For large scale changes, this option should
be enabled.
Constraint Markers and Dimensions:
• Place marker to the same layer with object:
Constraint markers are placed on the same layer as the
object that is constrained. Otherwise they are placed
on their own layer.
• Show variable name in dimension text: Displays the
variable name in parentheses after the dimension
value.
Printing: Choose whether constraint markers and
constrained dimensions will be included when printing.
Drawing Setup
Sets properties related to the current drawing.
The Drawing Setup pages can be accessed from the
Options menu, or from the flyout icon on the Standard
toolbar.
Settings and controls for geometric and dimensional
constraints.
Auto Add Constraints: If checked, the Auto Add
Constraints tool is enabled. Any constrainable geometry
you create while this is active will have constraint
automatically assigned. See "Constraining Geometry" on
page 251 and "Constraining Dimensions" on page 269.
You can also display the Drawing Setup toolbar by
right-clicking in any toolbar area and selecting Drawing
Setup.
TIP: You can also use the Defaults for a drawing in the TC
Explorer Palette to set drawing setup options. See "Drawing
Defaults" on page 94.
Update Connected Objects while Dragging: Dynamically
updates the position, shape and size of constrained objects as
you drag them within the Edit tool.
Connected Objects Editing:
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For updates and additional information,
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Display Options
Options for adjusting the quality and redraw speed of the
display, and options for displaying block attribute values.
• Force visible: Shows all attribute values, even those
defined as invisible.
Suppress display of objects smaller than: Sets the size at
which TurboCAD will draw a simplified representation of
objects. This size is measured in device units (the "device"
being your computer's display), so that one inch will be equal
to approximately one inch of space on your screen. At
smaller sizes, TurboCAD will display objects using a
simplified representation, increasing display speed. As you
zoom in, you get the detail required for precise editing; as
you zoom out, you get faster redraw.
Device pen width when zero value is used: Controls the
printed width of lines set to zero width.
Native Draw
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Performance: When working with large files or a slow
computer, you may be able to increase your display speed by
selecting one or more of these options. The display speed can
sometimes be slowed by heavy text, styled lines, and fill
patterns.
• Quick text: Displays all text as small boxes.
The Native Draw dialog allows you to specify which
display/drawing engine will be used. you can select between
standard GDI and Redsdk. GDI uses standard Windows CPU
based drawing technology and CPU based OpenGL
hardware acceleration. Redsdk is an OpenGL accelerated
drawing engine that can substantially accelerate the speed at
which entities are drawn.
• Quick line styles: Simplifies the display of line styles.
• Quick vector brushes: Simplifies the display of hatch
and fill patterns.
Display:
• Solid Fill: A line of a specified width will be drawn as
solid.
• Draw form-building edges: Draws form-building
edges of 3D surfaces. See "Display" on page 359.
• Associative hatch: When you modify a hatched
object, the hatch pattern will update to fit the new
shape.
Block Attribute: Options relevant for blocks that contain
block attribute definitions.
• Force invisible: Hides all attribute values.
• Normal: Shows the attribute values as they were
defined while creating.
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GDI Options:
Flicker Free Draw: When this option is turned on the
redrawing of entities is made smoother, however this can
marginally slow down zooming and panning of drawings.
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Redsdk Options:
Display FPS: If this option is on a display appears in the
upper right corner of the drawing space. This display track
the Frame Per Second to indicate the speed of the Redsdk
drawing engine.
Redraw from the menu. The Advanced settings for
Regeneration allow you to specify which items are
optimized and which are not.
Anti-Aliasing: – Creates an anti-aliasing effect on 2D
graphic elements. The values available are: Off, 1x, 2x, 4x,
8x, 16x. Turning this on will make the display smoother, but
lowers the performance.
Vertical Synchronization: Makes the display looking
better, while moving, however it may higher memory usage.
Text Smoothing: Turning this on will make the display of
text smoother, but lowers the performance.
Show Video System Info: Pressing this button will display
the current video card setup on your computer. If your
current driver for the video card is not the optimal driver for
Redsdk you will be prompted to download the correct driver
via a link within the window. If you do not download the
optimal Redsdk will use a default driver.
Delay Surface Load: Delays the loading of surfaces and
objects until rendering to optimize memory usage.
Caching of Model Space: Store the contents of the model
space in cache to optimize presentation.
Redsdk is dependant upon video cards which support
OpenGL acceleration, and the features of that card. If you do
not have an OpenGL video card you will not be able to use
Redsdk.
Switching between GDI mode and Redsdk will require a
restart of TurboCAD.
Redsdk conflicts with Aero support for Windows Vista and
Window 7. If you switch to Redsdk you will be prompted to
allow TurboCAD to turn Aero off.
Redsdk conflicts with GDI’s native support for OpenGL
hardware acceleration If you switch to Redsdk you will be
prompted to allow TurboCAD to turn native OpenGL
hardware acceleration off.
Regeneration: To optimize performance Redsdk will delay
regeneration of some drawn elements during movement such
as panning or zooming. You can specify that regeneration be
Manual, or automatic. If set to manual all delayed elements
will not be regeneration until you press F5 or select Regen or
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With Redsdk turned on the Camera Properties “Renderable
objects” is always disabled, “Suppress Hidden Line” is
always enabled for all pages except the Wireframe page in
Camera Properties Dialog.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 2 User Interface
Redsdk
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
The Redsdk settings allow you to control how object appear
when using the Redsdk for draft rendering and hidden line
rendering.
Color: This option defines the color of hidden lines (by
default it is grey; R=G=B=128)
Transparency: This option defines the transparency of
hidden lines, with the range of 0 to 1 (by default it is 0.1)
Stipple: This option defines the type of dashed line used for
hidden lines, with the range of 0 to 255 (by default it is 255)
Draft Mode Settings
Ambient: This field defines the light intensity factor for all
light sources of Ambient type (by default it is 10).
Diffuse: This field defines the luminance factor (by default
it is 75).
Specular: This field defines the glare factor (by default it is
50).
Exponent: This field defines the glare attenuation parameter
(by default it is 10).
Soften: This field defines glare ‘softness’ (by default it is 0).
Use background color: When it is turned off (On by
default), the option for editing internal color of objects will
become available (by default the color is white).
Width by graphic: When this option is on the Width of the
visible part of graphic’s line is taken from the graphic itself.
When it is turned off, the field for editing the width of the
visible part of object lines will become available (by default
the width is = 0).
Grid Options
Controls the grid type, size, and display. You can set up
different grid properties for Model Space and Paper Space.
See "Grid" on page 107.
Color by graphic: When this option is on the color of the
non-hidden part of an object's lines is taken from the graphic
itself. When the option is off the option for editing the color
of the non-hidden part of an object's lines will become
available (by default the color is white).
Width by graphic: When on the Width of the hidden part of
an object's line is taken from the graphic itself. When it is
turned off, the field for editing the width of the hidden part
of object lines will become available (by default the width is
= 0).
It should be noted that the width of hidden lines must be less
than or equal to the width of visible lines.
Backward Line Settings
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Show grid: Equivalent to displaying the grid using the Grid
menu or Grid toolbar.
Hide grid when finer than: This value applies to distances
on your screen which are not related to World or Paper units.
Type: These grid types are based, by default, on a horizontal
baseline. This can be changed on the Advanced Grid page.
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• Ortho: Orthogonal grid.
• Isometric: Aligned along lines measured 30º and 150º
from the horizontal axis. This type of grid is used in
isometric drawing, which uses perspective drawing
techniques to represent 3D objects.
• Polar: Points in the polar grid radiate from the origin,
and are aligned by their radial distance from the origin
and their angular distance from the horizontal axis.
Style: Select Points (dots at each grid point), Crosses
(crosses at each main grid point), or Lines (graph paper).
Spacing: Sets the distance between all grid lines, major and
minor, without respect to frequency. Select X and Y spacing,
or angular and radial values for a polar grid.
• Divisions: Establishes the number of minor grid lines
by setting the number of divisions between each major
grid point.
• Offset: Creates minor grid points at a fixed distance
from each major grid point. Negative values can be
used.
Origin: Enables you to use a "local" grid. By default, the
grid origin is located at the origin of the coordinate system,
at (0,0). You can reset the origin point of the grid and change
the base angle, aligning the grid to a non-orthogonal object.
For example, you can orient the grid of a house to its lot.
NOTE: Set Grid Origin is also accessible from the Grid
toolbar.
Advanced Grid Options
Not listed in the Options menu; you must select it from
within the Drawing Setup.
Advanced controls for the frequency and locations of grid
lines. See "Grid" on page 107.
Perspective grid: Relevant when the grid is displayed and
you are working in Perspective mode.
• By Drawing: An infinite grid will be displayed.
• By Size: The size of the displayed grid is determined
by Perspective grid extents. This value sets the grid
extents in both directions from the WCS origin, i.e. a
value of 3 inches will produce a 6 x 6 grid.
Frequency: Enables you to alternate visible grid lines with
invisible grid lines. For example, if you set the frequency to
4, every fourth grid line will be displayed. You will still be
able to snap to invisible grid lines.
Minor: Controls for the intermittent (lighter by default) grid
lines.
• None: No minor grid lines will be displayed.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 2 User Interface
Space Units
• Decimal - 3.25
Controls for setting units in Model and Paper Space.
• Scientific - 1E+01
• Fractional - 3 3/16
• Architectural 1’-5 11/16”
• Engineering (scale): 1"= 200'
Text height specified by: Two methods to adjust text height
when the current font is changed:
• Text box height (default): In specifying the height
value for the text, you in fact define the height of the
text bounding box. In this case, changing the font does
not affect the height of the bounding box.
NOTE: Templates generally have units built in, but you can
change units, or create custom units.
Workspace name: Available in Paper Space only.
System: Selecting English or Metric will affect controls on
the rest of the page.
Scale: The ratio of measurements on the page (Paper units)
to measurements in the object being modeled (World units).
• Architectural: 3/16" = 1'-0"
• Engineering: 1"= 200'
• Absolute: 1:500
• Character height above the font base line: The text
height value will be used as the actual height of the
text. This method preserves the text height (but not the
height of the text box) when you change the font.
NOTE: The value of text height is determined by the vertical
size of the uppercase letter “A” in the currently selected font.
This value is the sum of four components: External Leading
is the amount of space that the designer of the font suggests
should be added between character rows. Internal Leading
is the amount of space allowed for an accent mark above a
character. Ascent is the amount of space allowed for the
characters that have neither an accent mark above the
character nor a character part below the font base line.
Descent is the amount of space allowed for the character part
below base line. (Lowercase letters such as “g”, “p”, and “q”
have a character part occupying some space below the font
base line.)
Units: The unit of measure.
Show all units: Displays all available units, regardless of
whether English or Metric is used.
Convert units after alteration: Forces unit recalculation
after changing the units.
Line width units: The unit for setting and displaying the line
width in the Pen page of the Properties window.
• Example 1 - Converting a drawing from feet to inches:
if unchecked, 1 foot will become 1 inch. If checked, 1
foot becomes 12 inches.
Precision: The number of decimal digits. For Fractional or
Architectural units, Precision determines the accuracy of
the denominator, in powers of two (1=1/2”, 2=1/4”, 3=1/8”,
etc.).
Text units: Unit for setting and displaying the size of text.
Format: Controls the display of numbers:
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• Example 2 - Converting a drawing from inches to mm:
if unchecked, 1 inch will become 1 mm. If checked, 1
inch will become 25.4mm.
Convert material after alteration: Forces conversion of
material sizes after changing units.
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Convert styles properties on switching between spaces:
Activates the conversional mechanism when switching
between Model Space and Paper Space.
Layers
Enables you to create new layers, set the current drawing
layer, set the properties of layers, and delete layers.
Angle Options
Controls the measurement and display of angles, as well as
control over the Ortho angle.
For descriptions of the options and tools in this window, see
"Layers" on page 116.
ACIS Options
Angular System: Select degrees, degrees-minutes-seconds,
grads, radians, or the surveyor system.
• Base angle: The default base angle is 0 degrees (right
quadrant point). You can change this value to start
angle measurement from another base angle.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
The options on this page are relevant to 3D objects. See
"ACIS" on page 359.
• Precision: The number of decimal digits.
Direction: Choose whether to measure angles clockwise or
counterclockwise.
Ortho Angle: By default, Ortho lines are 0 and 90 degrees.
You can change this by entering new values here.
• Base angle: Sets the angle from which the Ortho angle
is measured.
• Step angle: The angle to which Ortho constrains lines.
If you set the step angle to 15, for example, the line
will be constrained to angles 15 degrees apart. The
default step angle is 90 degrees.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 2 User Interface
LightWork
Render Scene Environment
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
The options on this page are relevant to Render Styles. See
“Advanced Render-Render Styles” on page 496.
The options on this page are relevant while rendering. You
can specify a background and/or foreground for the model.
Transparency Shadow: Specifies whether a render created
with a render style will support shadows cast by transparent
objects.
See "Rendering" on page 495 and "Environments" on page
530.
Multi Threading Options
Enable: Enables multithreading for rendering via the use of
multiple CPU cores.
Use Automatic Number of Threads: If On the number of
threads will be automatically determined.
Threads: specifies the number of threads to use if “Use
Automatic Number of Threads” is turned off.
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TurboCAD Reference Manual
Render Scene Luminance
Line Styles
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
View predefined line styles, modify or delete them, and
create new ones.
The options on this page are relevant while rendering. You
can specify one or more lights to the overall drawing render.
Luminance uses the LightWorks rendering engine, and
provides a wider range of effects than standard lights. You
can also specify luminance for individual objects (as
opposed to the overall drawing) by opening the Luminance
page of the object’s Properties.
See "Luminance" on page 518.
Drawing luminance can be applied to the WCS (World
Coordinate System) or UCS (User Coordinate System). See
"WCS and UCS" on page 105.
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An object’s line style can be set in the Property toolbar (see
"Property Toolbar" on page 80) or in the Pen page of its
Properties (see "Pen Properties" on page 81).
If you click New or Modify, you will access the Line Style
Editor.
Add to Defaults: New line styles will be saved so that they
can be used in future drawings. Otherwise the line styles will
be used only in the current drawing.
TIP: You can use the TC Explorer Palette to view line styles
defined for any open drawing. See "Line Styles" on page 96.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 2 User Interface
Applying a Line Style
To apply the line style, you can use the Property toolbar.
You can also set the line style, and adjust its scale, in the Pen
page of the object’s Properties. See "Pen Properties" on
page 81.
1.
Create the object, which appears in the default line
style.
2.
Select the desired line style from the Property toolbar.
The line style is applied.
TIP: You can use the TC Explorer Palette to view line styles
defined for any open drawing, and to import line styles from
one drawing to another. See "Line Styles" on page 96.
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TurboCAD Reference Manual
Line Style Editor
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Enables you to edit an existing line style or define a new one.
Background Color
Changes the background color, which is white by default.
The example shown above (line style “Utility”) has four
components: one dash, one text, and two shapes (hexagons).
You can also add dots and spaces. Either click Add Item to
add another component, or click the relevant button (Dash,
Dot, etc.)
For each type of line style component you can set various
parameters. For Shape you can choose the actual shape and
its size and spacing. For Text, you can choose the font and
angle. The Preview window helps you see how the line style
will look; use it as a guide when adjusting the parameters.
Click in the rectangle on this page to invoke the Background
Color window, from which you can select the new
background color.
Print Style Table
MSelect the print styles you want in your drawing.
NOTE: Shapes are read from *.shx files (not to be confused
with *.shx font files), found in TurboCAD’s Shapes folder.
Once the line style has been created, it appears in the Line
Styles page of the Drawing Setup.
Print styles are specific pen and brush settings you can apply
to objects when printing. See "Print Style Options" on page
667.
The new style also appears on the Property toolbar.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 2 User Interface
Working with Multiple Windows
Cascade
TurboCAD uses a multiple document interface (MDI). This
means that the TurboCAD application window can contain
multiple windows, each of which contains a TurboCAD
drawing. Whenever you open a drawing or start a new
drawing, the drawing will appear in its own window within
the TurboCAD application window. You can also use
multiple windows to display varying views of the same
drawing.
Resizes and arranges all windows so they overlap, with their
title bars showing.
One advantage of the multiple document interface is that it
allows you to intuitively move and copy objects from one
drawing to another.
The window commands can be accessed from Window
menu or from the Window toolbar, opened by right-clicking
on any toolbar and selecting Window.
Creating and Displaying Windows
These commands apply to all open windows, whether or not
they belong to one drawing or multiple drawings.
Tile
Resizes and arranges all windows so that they are all visible,
do not overlap, and are laid out to fill the screen area.
New Window
Opens another window for the currently active drawing. The
contents of this window are identical to those of the active
window, but are displayed in Zoom All (zoomed so that all
objects are visible in the window).
If the current window is maximized, the new window will
also be maximized.
Arrange Icons
When you minimize a drawing window, Windows shrinks it
to an icon. Use Arrange Icons to line up these minimized
drawing windows along the bottom of the TurboCAD
window. (The command does not affect windows that have
not been minimized.)
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TurboCAD Reference Manual
Close All
Closes all open windows. You will receive a warning if any
file has unsaved changes.
window to get a close-up of each item. Then start the line in
the first window, and finish it by clicking at the correct
location in the second window.
Hide Caption
Window Layout Templates
Removes the title bars from open windows.
Enables you to customize the layout of multiple windows of
the same drawing.
Auto Resize
Preserves the relative proportion of windows when the
TurboCAD window is resized.
Auto Align
You can resize a group of windows if the following is valid
for every window: one side of the window lies on a line
common to the entire group. This is the line of alignment.
The aligned windows can be on the same side of the line of
alignment or occupy both sides of it. When placed on
opposite sides, the aligned windows may touch each other or
not. Occupying the same side of the line of alignment,
windows may overlap each other or be separated by space.
In all these cases, whenever you catch the side of a window
"belonging" to the line of alignment and then drag the
window to change its size in the direction perpendicular to
the line of alignment, all the windows "belonging" to the
same line of alignment will change their size accordingly.
You can also start a new session with the last window layout
from the last session. Check Last Window Layout in the
General page of the Program Setup (Options / General).
See "General Setup" on page 61.
Multiple Windows of the Same File
Saving a Layout to a Template
When working on a large and complicated drawing, it is
often useful to have simultaneous close-up views of more
than one part of the drawing. Not only can you have multiple
windows open on the same drawing, you can also start an
operation in one window and finish in another.
Saves the current layout as a template you can use for other
files. The files are saved with the *.twl extension.
Several predefined layouts can be selected from the bottom
of the window. If you previously saved a template (using
Save Layout Template), you can browse to select the layout
template file.
The Hide Caption, Auto Resize, and Auto Align options
can be used to customize some of the window layout
properties. These options are also available on the Window
menu.
Applying a Layout Template
Applies the last template used.
For example: You may need to draw a line connecting two
widely separated objects. Open a second window and tile the
windows (Window / Tile). Adjust the zoom value in each
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 2 User Interface
Moving and Copying Between
Different Files
There are two basic methods for copying and moving objects
between drawings: copy and paste (or cut and paste), and
OLE drag and drop.
Cut and Paste
You can use the Windows clipboard to transfer objects
between drawings.
1.
Select the objects in the source document that you
want to copy or move.
2.
Select Edit / Copy (Ctrl+C), or Edit / Cut (Ctrl+X).
This places a copy of the objects on the Windows
clipboard. Copy leaves the source objects in place,
while Cut removes them.
3.
Activate the target document by clicking in its window
or on its title bar, or by choosing it from the Window
menu.
4.
Select Edit / Paste (Ctrl+V). The objects will be
pasted from the Windows clipboard into the target
document. The pasted objects will appear at the center
of the target document window.
WARNING: The behavior of snap modes is slightly unusual
when you are moving an object using OLE drag and drop. It is
therefore not a recommended method for moving objects that
require precise placement.
To drag blocks and symbols, simply drag them from their
palette into the target drawing window.
Object Properties
You can set an object’s properties before or after it is created.
Setting properties for a group of tools (setting properties
before creating an object):
Right-click on the tool icon to open the Properties window.
Or activate a tool, then select Format / Properties.
Whatever properties you set here will be applied not only to
the selected tool, but to all tools on the same toolbar. For
example, if you set Line to be drawn in red, the Polygon and
Rectangle tools will also share this color.
If you change properties of a tool, the new properties will be
assigned to all future objects created with the entire set of
tools. However, objects already created will not be affected.
Drag and Drop
OLE drag and drop provides a simple and intuitive way to
copy objects between drawings. You can drag objects from
one drawing window into another, and you can drag objects
stored in block and symbol libraries from their palette into
another drawing.
1.
Select the objects that you want to drag into another
drawing.
2.
Place the cursor over the reference point of the
selection, and it becomes a double arrow.
3.
Drag the selected objects into the window of the target
document. An outline of the selection will follow the
mouse cursor as you drag. Release the mouse button to
place the objects.
NOTE: You can save tool properties in template files, so that
you don’t have to create styles from scratch each time. To do
this, set up the properties you want for the tools you commonly
use. Then use File / Save As to save the file as a *.tct file
(TurboCAD Template). Place the template file in the
“Template” folder of the TurboCAD root directory. Then when
you want to open the template, use File / New, and select
New from Template.
Setting properties after creating an object:
You can set certain basic properties, such as color and layer,
directly on the Property toolbar. For more options, there are
several ways to set the remaining parameters:
• With the Select tool active, double-click the object.
• Right-click anywhere in the drawing and select
Properties from the local menu.
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TurboCAD Reference Manual
• Click the Properties icon on the Inspector Bar.
• Open the Selection Info Palette. You can set properties
within the table that appears in the palette, or access
the object’s Properties window from within the
palette. See "Selection Info Palette" on page 191.
Pen Color: Sets the pen color. There are two types of Pen
color available. True Color/RGB and Index color.
For True Colors You can select a predefined color, or define
your own using RGB or HSL values. The last three icons in
the color thumbnail rows enable you to set the color by layer,
by block or open a menu in which you can change how the
colors are sorted.
TIP: You can take properties from one object and assign them
to other objects. See "Format Painter" on page 249.
Property Toolbar
Provides a quick and convenient way of setting some basic
properties of a selected object or group of objects, or for
setting the default properties of a group of drawing tools. If
the Property toolbar is not visible, you can display it using
the View / Toolbars window.
If no objects are currently selected, the settings on the
Property toolbar apply to the active drawing tool. For
example, if you activate a Line tool and then change the
settings on the Property toolbar, the settings will apply to all
objects drawn with any Line tool.
For Indexed colors you can only select the predefined colors.
If there are objects selected, settings in the Property toolbar
apply to the selected objects.
TIP: For properties to appear, the number of selected objects
must be less than or equal to Maximum Multiple Entity
Property Count, which is set in the Program Defaults page
of the TC Explorer Palette.
Entity Style: Applies predefined property settings to a
drawing tool. You can save styles in the Properties window.
This control can be used only to set the properties of a
drawing tool; it is unavailable if you are setting the
properties of selected objects.
Layer: Set the layer on which objects are drawn, or move
selected objects to a layer. See "Layers" on page 116.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 2 User Interface
For more on colors, see "Color Palette" on page 65.
Pen Style: Sets the line style of the line. See "Line Styles" on
page 74.
Brush Pattern: Sets the fill pattern for closed objects. See
"Brush Properties" on page 82.
Pen Width: Sets the line width.
Font: Available for text objects.
Text Height: Available for text objects.
Properties Window
An object’s Properties window consists of a series of
categories, each on its own page. There are categories that
are common to all objects: General, Pen, 3D, Luminance,
Brush (for 2D objects) and Custom - these are all described
in this section.
Hyperlink: Specifies the location of a desired file on your
hard disk or on a company's network,or specifies a URL. You
can type in the field or browse your system or the web to find
the desired path.
Layer: Set the object’s layer by selecting from the
drop-down box. See "Layers" on page 116.
Print Styles: Select the print style you want to use when
printing. See "Print Style Options" on page 667.
Property Value Preset: A group of properties defined for a
group of tools. See "Property Value Presets" on page 84.
Pen Properties
Properties of the pen and line style.
Other categories depend on the selected object. For instance,
a sphere has a Sphere category, and text objects have a Text
category.
General Properties
These are properties generally not related to geometry or
other physical characteristics.
TIP: You can also use the Design Director to quickly set the
color of an object or group of objects. For single objects, see
"Design Director: Graphics" on page 133. For groups of
objects, see "Design Director: Categories" on page 134.
Attribute: For text and dimension objects, contains the text
string. For groups, contains the group name.
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Pattern: Select a continuous line or one of many
dot-and-dash patterns. If By Layer or By Block is used, the
pattern will depend on the layer or block. There are several
predefined line styles to choose from, or you can create your
own. See "Line Styles" on page 74.
Dash Scale: Scale of the dot-and-dash pattern.
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Alignment: Align the pattern so that the corners of
rectangles and polygons are always solid.
Width:
• Scaling: Determines whether the width of the line will
be scaled, or remain the same size, when you zoom in
and out of the drawing.
Setting the Brush pattern for the group of Hatch tools
establishes the hatch pattern that will be applied. See
"Hatching" on page 356.
These settings are relevant for closed objects such as circles
and polygons, and for flexible text.
Device: The pen's width and pattern sizes are defined
in device units (the monitor or printer). If you zoom the
line width and pattern size will not change on the
screen.
World: The pen's width and pattern sizes are defined
in by the drawing spaces units. If you zoom the line
width and pattern size will change in accordance with
the zoom factor.
Device Width: The pen's pattern size is defined by the
drawing spaces units, and pen's width is defined in
device units (the monitor or printer). If you zoom the
line patterns size will change, but the pen width size
will not change. Value: Pen width. A zero width uses
one screen pixel, and will print at one unit of the
printer's available resolution (a 300 dots-per-inch
printer will print a zero width line at 1/300”.)
• Geometry: Used only when World is selected for the
Scaling. If checked, TurboCAD creates external and
internal “walls” for the object obtained by applying a
thickness method to a 2D object. You can render your
drawing to see the effects of this option.
Brush Properties
Fill and hatch properties of objects. A brush pattern can be
applied to fill any closed 2D object. Several patterns are
provided, but you can use Brush Styles (see "Brush Styles"
on page 84) to create new hatch patterns, and to also create
gradient or bitmap patterns.
TIP: You can use the Colors and Brushes palette to view and
all available brushes. See "Colors and Brushes" on page 49.
And you can use the TC Explorer Palette to view brush
patterns of all open drawings, and to apply brushes. See
"Brush" on page 96.
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Pattern: Select solid fill, or one of the predefined hatch
patterns. To define your own hatch, bitmap, or gradient
pattern, see "Brush Styles" on page 84. In the Preview
window, the red diagonal line is to help visualize
transparency, in the case of a solid or gradient fill.
• Color: Set the color of the brush.
• Scale: Sets the scale of the hatch pattern. A scale of 2
doubles the size.
• Angle: Sets the angle of the pattern.
• Crossed: The pattern will be drawn a second time,
perpendicular to the first pattern.
• Background Color: The color used for empty spaces
in the pattern.
Origin: By default, hatch patterns use the origin as a point of
reference. If you want to modify the placement of hatches
without changing their angle, you can modify the point of
origin used to place the hatch. World uses the WCS, and
Entity uses the lower left corner of the object being hatched.
Use the Offset fields to change the reference origin.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 2 User Interface
Draw Mode: Options for how hatch patterns are drawing
over overlapping objects.
• Winding: The same hatch pattern will cover areas
where filled objects overlap
Luminance Properties
Light properties of objects, which is different than the lights
contained in the overall model.
• Alternate: The hatch pattern to be drawn on every
other overlapping layer, creating an alternating
pattern.
• Transparency (%): For solid or gradient fills. A
percentage of 0 means the fill is opaque, and 100
means the fill is invisible.
Gradient Fill: Relevant for gradient brush styles, which
must be defined using Brush Styles (see "Gradient Patterns"
on page 87). The parameters in this section are the same as
the ones already set for the gradient pattern. For Fit Mode
and Center Point mode, use By Brush Style to keep the
parameters as defined for the pattern. Changing either setting
overrides the pattern’s settings. For Focus Scale, a value of
-1 keeps the focus scale the same as the pattern definition.
Use a value between 0 and 1 to override it.
See "Luminance" on page 518.
Custom Properties
3D Properties
Properties relating to 3D, either for a standard 3D object such
as a sphere or box, or for a 2D object made into 3D by
assigning it a thickness.
See "3D Properties" on page 371.
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Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Attributes you can add to objects via the database.
See "Custom Properties, Database, and Reports" on page
624.
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TurboCAD Reference Manual
Property Value Presets
A property value preset is a group of properties (Pen, Brush,
etc.) defined for a group of tools. For example, you can have
one preset to create blue, dashed lines on Layer 5, and use
another preset to create red thick lines on Layer 2. Presets
provide a convenient way to quickly assign a set of
properties to objects.
NOTE: You can use this tool to update existing patterns. Select
the hatch, bitmap, or gradient pattern, make the changes, and
click Update Style. Return to the drawing, and the fill will
update in each object where it appears. If the update is not
immediate, click the object in Select mode.
Presets can be accessed on the General page of an active
tool’s Properties window. Presets are only applicable to
tools, not objects. You cannot apply a preset to selected
objects. You can define a style based on the properties of
selected objects by using the Format Painter.
You can use Brush Styles to edit existing hatch patterns and
create new ones.
Hatch Patterns
As an example, select Hatch Patterns for Brush Style
Mode and set the Brush Style to ANSI35.
To create a new preset:
1.
Right-click on an icon for a group of tools to open the
tool’s Properties window. The tool must be active for
the Property Values Presets field to be editable.
NOTE: Properties set for a tool affect all other tools in its group.
For instance, setting Line properties affects Rectangle,
Polygon, etc. Presets are separate for different sets of tools.
2.
On the General page, enter a new preset name and
click New.
3.
Make any changes to the other properties (Pen, Brush,
etc.). The available properties depend on the type of
object (for example, the Properties window for Text
tools contains a Text page). These properties will be
saved to the new preset.
This style consists of two Patterns - each pattern is a line that
repeats at constant offsets. Highlight each pattern number to
see the line highlight in red below, in the Preview area.
In this case, Pattern 1 is the dashed line and Pattern 2 is the
unbroken line.
To edit an existing preset, select it from the Property Values
Presets menu and make any property changes.
Brush Styles
The Brush Styles palette appears by default in the palette
area, on the right side of the screen. This tool enables you to
modify existing hatch patterns and create new ones You can
also define and edit bitmap and gradient patterns. Brush
styles can be used to fill a closed 2D object, either by using
an object’s Brush Properties (see "Brush Properties" on
page 82or by Hatching (see "Hatching" on page 356).
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To edit a Pattern line, you can change its Origin Point
manually, or click the 3-dot icon to select an origin
on-screen. You can set the Angle and Offset values the same
way. If you click Specify Angles and Offset by Vector, you
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can define two vectors on-screen: the first defines the angle
of the line, and the second defines the spacing between
repeating lines.
3.
Click Specify Angle and Offset by Vector.
4.
Draw a line on-screen that has the angle you want in
the pattern. You can snap to existing points or draw a
free-form line.
5.
Next, draw a line on-screen that defines the offset
between repeating lines.
6.
To make this a dashes line, click Specify Dashes.
Highlight Pattern 1 (the dashed line), and you can see that it
consists of four Pattern dashes.
Dashes are always defined in pairs; odd numbers represent
the line segments and the even numbers represent the dashes.
The length value for dashes is always negative.
Specify Dashes is used to create a dashed pattern from an
unbroken line. Use Add Dashes and Delete Dashes to
modify the dash pattern. You can update pattern lengths
manually or use the 3-dot icon to define length on-screen.
The following example shows how to define a new hatch
pattern.
1.
At the top of the palette, click New and enter a new
name for the hatch pattern.
2.
The new pattern will be based on whatever pattern was
active when the new pattern was created (ANSI35 in
this case). Click Delete Pattern so that only one
pattern line remains.
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7.
The first line on-screen defines the length of the line
segment of the dashed pattern. Be sure to define this
length in the same direction you used to create the
original pattern line.
8.
The next vector defines the length of the dash,
resulting in two dash patterns. If you want more dash
patterns, always in pairs, continue defining vectors in
the same direction.
9.
Create more patterns and dashes as needed to get the
entire pattern.
When the style is defined, click Update Style to use it in the
current drawing, or Add to Defaults to be able to use it in
future drawings.
In the middle section, use the browser to locate the image file
you want to use. A preview of the image appears in the lower
section. The size of the repeating image is controlled by the
Width and Height values. You can change these values
manually, or click Advanced for more control.
When you click Advanced, the following window appears.
In the left window, use the dotted border to set the section of
the image that will repeat. The tiled pattern updates
dynamically under Pattern Preview. You can also set the
border by entering values for Left, Top, Width, and Height.
Bitmap Patterns
To create a brush style from an image, select Bitmap for
Brush Style Mode and then click New. Enter the name of the
style at the top of the palette.
• Smooth edges up to n pixels: Smooths the transition
between bitmap repetitions by blending adjacent
edges.
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• Output bit depth: The number of bit used for the
bitmap.
• Calculate adaptive palette: Forces the color
down-sampling to match the original color palette as
closely as possible. Available only if the Output bit
depth is lower than the value which the original
bitmap used.
Gradient Patterns
To create a gradient style, in which the fill changes gradually
from one color to another, select Gradient Fill for Brush
Style Mode and then click New. Enter the name of the style
at the top of the palette.
When the style is defined, click Update Style to use it in the
current drawing, or Add to Defaults to be able to use it in
future drawings.
Now when you open the Properties (see "Properties
Window" on page 81) for a 2D closed object, the bitmap
style appears in the Brush page (see "Brush Properties" on
page 82). The style also can be used in the Hatching tools
(see "Hatching" on page 356)
There are four types of gradient fills: Linear, Radial,
Reflected, Diamond, and Custom. Each type is explained
later in this section.
Mode (called Fit Mode in the Brush Properties):
• Exact Fit: The gradient completely fills the object
itself. In this example, the fill completely reaches the
second gradient color at the boundary of the circle.
• Fit to Extents: The gradient completely fills the
extents rectangle that encloses the object. In this
example, the second gradient color is only reached at
the boundary of the extents rectangle, which is larger
than the circle itself. This is why the color at the circle
boundary is lighter than in the example above.
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Center Point:
• Modes: Select Extents center to center the fill at the
center of the object’s extents rectangle. Reference
point centers the fill at the object’s reference point (see
"Components of Select Edit Mode" on page 199).
Define the new vector on the screen. The first point of the
vector controls where the First color appears.
• Focus Scale: This must be a value between 0 and 1.
Zero means the color interpolation start from the
center (left image below). A value of 0.5 will start the
interpolation halfway between the center and the edge
(right image below).
NOTE: Settings for Fit Mode, Center Point, and Focus Scale
are set here as the fill defaults. These values can be
overridden for filled objects by modifying the object’s Brush
Properties (see "Brush Properties" on page 82).
Radial Gradient
Radial fill moves from one color to the other along a radial
path. Under Control Points, highlight Center and set the
center color. Highlight Radius and set the outer color.
Linear Gradient
Linear fill moves from one color to the other along a straight
vector. Under Control Points, highlight First and set the
Color. Do the same for Second.
By default, the First color runs vertically along the left side
and changes to the Second color along a left-to-right vector.
To change this vector, click the icon with the three dots.
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Set the radius manually, or click the 3-dots icon and set the
radius on-screen.
Reflected Gradient
Reflected fill consists of one line of reflected color, fading to
another color on either side. moves from one color to the
other along a radial path. Under Control Points, highlight
First and set the reflective color. Highlight Second and set
the fade color.
Set the angle of the reflection line manually, or click the
3-dots icon and set the direction on-screen.
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Diamond Gradient
Custom Gradient
Diamond fill moves from from the center outward in four
directions, each separated by 90 degrees. Under Control
Points, highlight Center and set the color of the center and
linear patterns. Highlight Radius-Vector and set that
appears in between the Center color lines.
Use this type to create a custom polyline and apply colors to
each polyline point. The results will resemble a Diamond
Gradient, but can have numerous points, each with its own
color.
By default, the Center color runs vertically and horizontally
to either side. To change this vector, click the icon with the
three dots.
Define the new vector on the screen. The first point of the
vector controls where the Center color appears. The second
point of the vector controls the angle of the four lines.
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Color 1 runs from the center outward to each point. By
default there are three other points (triangular polyline). To
change the polyline, click the icon with the three dots.
Define the polyline on the screen, proceeding in the order of
Color 2, Color 3, and so on. The polyline automatically
closes, and cannot intersect itself. Select Finish from the
local menu to complete the polyline. You can also select an
existing polyline from the drawing; click the arrow icon in
the Inspector Bar to do this.
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If the polyline has more than three points, the number of
Control Points increases, and you can set a color for each
point.
Level Up: Moves up to the higher folder in the explorer tree.
View: Determines how the contents of the folder are
displayed: icons, thumbnails, detailed list, etc.
Sort: Arranges the contents of the folder by date, size, etc.
Palette Options: Sets the palette display and file filters.
• The Panel tab contains choices for panel appearance,
and enables you to select what components of the
palette are visible.
When the style is defined, click Update Style to use it in the
current drawing, or Add to Defaults to be able to use it in
future drawings.
TC Explorer Palette
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Deluxe only
This palette enables you to perform many operations in one
place. It serves as a file browser with previews, and displays
components and editable parameters for all open drawings.
TC Explorer Toolbar
File filter: Enables you to select which files will be listed for
a selected folder of the explorer tree. You can define your
own file filters in the Palette Options (last icon).
Back and Forward: Scrolls backward or forward in the
explorer tree.
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• The Thumbnails tab enables you to control the size,
shadows, and borders of thumbnails.
General Settings
All branches of the explorer tree except the last one
(Drawings) enable you to set parameters for the program as
a whole.
Files
This branch acts just like Windows Explorer. The files that
are listed for a highlighted folder depend on what Filters are
set. You can list all files, only TurboCAD files, only image
files, or you can define your own filter for files of specific
extensions.
Image Size and Space are both measured in pixels.
Space refers to pixels around the icon plus its name.
• The Filters tab enables you to add, delete, or edit file
filters. Filters control which files appear in a folder’s
contents, and are set according to file extensions.
You can expand a folder by clicking the “+” icon, or by
pressing the * on the numeric keypad.
If you highlight a TurboCAD file (*.tcw) or an image file, a
preview of the file will appear.
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Program Defaults
Drawing Settings
Here you can control default program settings - parameters
that are active for all files. For example, you can change the
aperture size and toggle Auto Add Constraints on and off.
Most of these parameters can also be set in Options /
Program Setup.
The Drawings branch of the tree enables you to view
components of all open drawings. Click the Drawings
header to see a list of all open drawings.
For each drawing there are six components you can view,
edit and/or share between drawings.
Symbol Libraries
Enables you to change the path for user-defined symbols.
You can also drag symbols as you would from the Library
palette.
See "Library Folders" on page 305.
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Drawing Defaults
If you highlight a Paper Space, you can edit its properties.
Here you can control default drawing settings - parameters
that apply onto to the relevant drawing. For example, you
can change the colors of the major and minor grid lines.
Nearly all of these parameters can also be set in Options /
Drawing Setup.
Blocks
Displays all blocks defined in the drawing (see "Blocks" on
page 291). Highlight a block’s icon or thumbnail to see a
preview of the block’s contents.
Print Spaces
Lists all paper spaces in the drawing. (See "Paper Space" on
page 641.)
You can use the palette to insert blocks from one open
drawing into another open drawing. For example, the
West_Building.tcw file contains two blocks. If you open
East_Building.tcw, drag the Desk_Large block’s icon into
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the drawing. The block will then be listed under
East_Building’s blocks. It will also appear in that drawing’s
Blocks palette.
For example, the West_Building.tcw file contains four
layers. If you open East_Building.tcw, drag the Electrical
layer’s icon into the drawing. The layer will then be listed
under East_Building’s layers, and will appear in Options /
Layers as well.
Layers
Displays all layers defined in the drawing (see "Layers" on
page 116).
To change an object’s layer, select the object and then
double-click the desired layer’s icon. If you double-click a
layer belonging to another drawing, that layer will
automatically be imported into the current drawing. The
active drawing tool will automatically be placed on the
double-clicked layer.
You can use the palette to import layers from one open
drawing into another open drawing. This imports a layer’s
name, color, style, width, etc., but does not import a layer’s
objects.
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Line Styles
Brush
Displays all line styles defined in the drawing (see "Line
Styles" on page 74). Highlight a line styles’ icon or
thumbnail to view it.
Displays all brush (hatch) styles defined in the drawing (see
"Brush Properties" on page 82). Highlight a line styles’ icon
or thumbnail to see how the line style appears.
To import a line style from one open drawing into the current
drawing, drag and drop or double-click its icon.
To change an object’s line style, select the object and then
double-click the desired layer’s icon. If you double-click a
line style belonging to another drawing, that line style will
automatically be imported into the current drawing.
To change an object’s brush, select the object and then
double-click the desired brush’s icon.
You can also make any brush active by double-clicking its
icon. All new objects will be created in the current brush.
You can also change brushes while creating objects; for
example, you can select one corner point of a rectangle,
change the brush, and complete the rectangle.
You can also make any line style active by double-clicking
its icon. All new objects will be created in the current line
style. You can also change line styles while creating objects;
for example, you can select one corner point of a rectangle,
change the line style, and complete the rectangle.
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Settings
Lists parameters such as units, fonts, and tables currently
defined in the drawing.
On of the more important of the drawing defaults is the
$MIRRTEXT under Drawing Defaults. This setting controls.
When the mirror tool is used block attributes are not flipped
if the drawing variable $MIRRTEXT is set to 0, and are
flipped if it is set to 1. $MIRRTEXT is set to 0 by default.
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3 Manipulating the 2D Display
This section covers ways to obtain the desired view of your
model, and how to save views for future use.
Views
The view is the area of the drawing space that appears on
your screen. As your drawing becomes larger and more
complex, it's important to find views that let you work at the
right location in your drawing, at an appropriate level of
detail.
Some wheel mice are set up by default to scroll instead of
zoom. If you would like your wheel to zoom, select Tools /
Customize and open the Intellimouse page. You will be able
to assign commands to the wheel functions. This feature
works with other wheel mice as well.
Zoom In and Zoom Out
Hotkey: <+> or <-> (on numeric keypad)
Tip: Layers are a useful way to change how objects. You can
place objects on various layers and then manipulate layer
visibility. See "Layers" on page 116.
This section covers views in 2D. When working in 3D, there
are additional viewing tools and other ways to examine your
model. See "3D Views" on page 361 and "Examining the 3D
Model" on page 419.
Zooming
Zooming means to move “closer to” or “farther from” the
drawing space, viewing the drawing at a greater or smaller
level of detail.
You can always check the current zoom percentage via the
zoom indicator, located, by default, at the lower right corner
of the screen.
Magnifies or shrinks the current view. The zoom factor is
equal to two by default, but you can change this in the
Preference page of the Program Setup.
TIP: Change the zoom factor to 1.4 to double the view every
two zoom steps.
If you zoom using the <+> and <-> keys of the numeric
keypad, the view centers on the cursor. If you use the View
menu commands or icons, the zoom will center on the
current view, regardless of the position of the cursor.
NOTE: As you zoom out, the representation of small objects is
simplified, thereby increasing redraw speed. You can set the
size at which this occurs using the Suppress display field on
the Display page of the Drawing Setup.
Using a Wheel Mouse
Zooming with a wheel mouse is a particularly handy way to
get around in a drawing. Move the cursor to where you want
to work, and move the wheel backward to zoom out or
forward to zoom in.
Some wheel mouse setups require that the scroll bars be
turned off for zooming to work.
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Zoom Window
Zoom Selection
Hotkey: Ctrl+Home
Hotkey: Alt+Backspace
Zooms to an area defined by a rectangle. The rectangle is
defined by selecting its two opposite corners, or by dragging
the mouse from one corner to the other.
Zooms to an area that completely contains all currently
selected objects.
NOTE: Because the dimensions of the zoom rectangle will
probably not be exactly proportional to the screen, the closest
view that includes the entire rectangle will be used.
TIP: You can also use the Design Director to quickly zoom on
an object or group of objects. For a single object, see "Design
Director: Graphics" on page 133. For a group of objects, see
"Design Director: Categories" on page 134.
Zoom Extents
Printed Size
Hotkey: Ctrl+Backspace
Zooms at approximately the size the drawing will be when
printed. In this view, one inch of screen space is
approximately equal to one inch on paper. The exact ratio of
screen space to Paper Space will vary, depending on your
graphics display and screen resolution.
Zooms to an area that completely contains all visible objects
(including lights and camera objects). This is the same area
enclosed by the selection rectangle if you select all the
objects.
Any objects on an invisible layer will not be taken into
consideration.
Zoom Full View
Uniform for All Views
Used for multiple windows of the same drawing, enables you
to zoom all windows simultaneously.
Panning
Hotkey: Shift+Backspace
Panning means to move, or scroll, the view to another
location across the plane of the drawing.
Only available in Paper Space, displays the entire drawing
sheet. The drawing sheet may consist of multiple printer
paper sheets, indicated by dashed lines.
Two simple ways of panning are to use the scroll bars or
arrow keys. The scroll bars work the same way that they do
in other Windows programs. You can click the scroll bar
arrow buttons to scroll one step, click in the body of the
scroll bar, or drag the body of the scroll bar itself.
The arrow keys are also simple and intuitive: press the up,
down, left, or right arrow key to pan a single step.
TIP: To quickly pan to a specific point, place the cursor at the
point, then press Ctrl+End. You will instantly move to a view
with the point you chose at the center of the screen.
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Vector Pan
Pans the drawing based on a vector defined by two points.
The red rectangle represents what appears on the main
drawing window.
The first three tools in the aerial view window control the
view inside the aerial view:
Select a base point and a destination point. The drawing
moves so that the base point moves to the destination point.
• Aerial Zoom In: Magnifies the aerial view.
Pan to Point
• Aerial Zoom Extents: Zooms to an aerial view
containing all objects in the drawing.
Hotkey: Ctrl+End
• Aerial Zoom Out: Shrinks the aerial view.
The last two tools are used inside the aerial view window, but
affect the overall drawing.
Pans the drawing so that the selected point becomes the
drawing center.
• Aerial Zoom Window: Sets a new drawing view by
using a selection window in the aerial view.
If you use the View menu command, select a point and the
point will move to the center of the screen.
• Aerial Pan View: Sets a new drawing view by moving
the red rectangle that appears inside the aerial view
window.
To use the hotkey, place the cursor at the desired center and
press Ctrl+End.
Aerial View
You can also pan the aerial view with the cursor. Place the
cursor just inside one of the borders of the aerial view
window. After a second or two, the cursor will change to a
small solid arrow and the aerial view will move in the
indicated direction.
Opens an additional window to provide a second view of the
drawing. You can use Aerial View to create a close-up view
of one small part of the drawing, or of the entire drawing.
Aerial View is especially useful if you do not have a large
monitor.
You adjust the view in the drawing screen, without changing
the aerial view.
Use a rectangle to define the area you want to include in the
aerial view. This view appears in the small drawing window.
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Move the cursor away from the edge to end panning.
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Redrawing
Named View
Hotkey: F5
In most cases, the screen will be redrawn after each change.
Occasionally, however, you may find that the screen is not
completely "cleaned up" after an operation. You can
manually redraw the screen using the Redraw command.
The Named View window can be used to create a new saved
view, or to display, modify, or delete a saved view.
Saving Views
Once you have used the zoom and pan tools to arrive at the
exact view of your drawing that you want, you won't want to
repeat all that work to get back to the same view later. You
can save views and assign them names so that you can easily
return to a saved view at any time.
In addition, saved views must be created if you want to create
viewports in Paper Space. See "Viewports" on page 657.
NOTE: For 3D views, you can also use camera object to save
and display views in separate windows and with specific
parameters. See "Camera Objects" on page 422.
The Named Views tools are accessible from the View menu,
or below the Insert Viewport icon on the Standard toolbar.
You can display the Named Views toolbar by right-clicking
in any toolbar area and select Named View.
Named views are saved with your drawing and remain
available unless you delete them.
Draft Rendering: Sets the rendering type when the view is
rendered in Draft rendering mode. See "Creating a Rendered
View" on page 495 and "Draft Render Properties" on page
499
Quality Rendering: Sets the rendering type when the view
is rendered in Quality rendering mode. See "Quality Render
Properties" on page 500
Perspective: Activates Perspective mode. See "Camera
Properties" on page 420.
Angle: The view angle for perspective mode.
NOTE: Saved views can also be accessed and manipulated in
the Design Director, in which you can also create new views.
Render and camera settings can be manipulated here as well.
See "Design Director: Views" on page 131.
Position: The location of the camera position.
Target: The location of the point the camera is facing.
UP Vector: A point defining the up direction of the camera.
Extents: The boundaries of the view.
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Saving a View
1.
Creating a View
Use the zoom and pan tools to arrive at the view you
want to save.
NOTE: If you want to create a view using a specific area of the
screen, see "Creating a View" on page 103.
2.
Select Named View from the menu or click the
Named View icon to open the Named View window.
3.
Enter a name for the view. The name can be up to 32
characters in length and can include spaces.
4.
Click New to add the name to the list of named views.
Saves a defined area of the screen as a named view.
Define the rectangle that surrounds the area you want to
save. In the Create Named View window, assign a unique
name and click OK.
TIP: Give the view a descriptive name that will help you
remember it, such as “Garden Door.” If you use names like
“View 1" and “View 2,” you'll quickly lose track of which is
which.
Displaying a Saved View
In the Named View window, select the desired view and
click Go To. This will leave the window open, in case you
want to switch to another view.
NOTE: If the drawing is already oriented to the view you want
to save (i.e. you do not need to define a view rectangle), you
can save the view using the Named View tool.
Previous View
To immediately go to a named view and close the window,
double-click on the view name.
TIP: If you want to display the previous view, use View / Zoom
/ Previous View.
Modifying a Saved View
Use the zoom and pan tools to arrive at the view with which
you want to replace a saved view.
Open the Named View window, select the view you want to
replace with the current drawing view, and click Modify.
Deleting a Saved View
In the Named View window, select the view you want to
delete, and click Delete.
Displays the previous view, whether or not it was saved.
NOTE: If you want to display a saved view other than the
previous one, select the view in the Named View window and
click Go To.
3D View Manipulation
In 3D there are many ways you can change your view. The
easiest way is to use one of the standard views - top, bottom,
isometric, etc. See "3D Views" on page 361.
. Other tools for view manipulation include:
• Camera movements: Incremental controls for
adjusting the camera, and therefore your view of the
model. See "Camera Movements" on page 421.
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• Walk Through tools: Used to dynamically move the
camera, presenting a moving viewpoint. See "Walk
Through Tools" on page 421.
• Camera objects: Used to create and save views with
specific parameters. The view for each camera object
can be displayed in a separate window. See "Camera
Objects" on page 422.
• Rendering: Enables you to see your 3D model as
shaded. Certain render modes also enable you to view
texture and materials. See "Rendering" on page 495.
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4 Drawing Aids
This section covers tools and features of TurboCAD that
make your work easier and more organized, such as grid,
snaps, layers, and construction geometry.
Coordinate Systems
There are several types of coordinate systems you can use,
and you can switch between them at any time.
For example, when drawing the outer wall of a house, you
may want to start the first wall at an absolute location. Each
successive wall, however, will be defined by its length and
angle relative to the first wall, so you would use polar
coordinates for these points. To place walls at an X, Y
distance from any other point, you could use relative
coordinates.
You can display the Coord System toolbar by right-clicking
in any toolbar area and selecting Coord System.
Coordinates, when entered manually, are entered in the
Coordinate Fields, at the lower right corner of the screen. See
"Coordinate Fields" on page 46. You can press Shift+Tab to
jump to the first field in the Coordinate Fields, then press Tab
to scroll through the remaining fields.
TIP: If you precede a coordinate with a $ sign, it will be
interpreted as an absolute coordinate; if you precede it with an
@ sign it will be interpreted as a relative coordinate; if you
precede it with a > sign it will be interpreted as a polar
coordinate.
WCS and UCS
The WCS (World Coordinate System) is an internal, absolute
coordinate system. WCS axes can be displayed from
Program Setup, and they appear at the lower left corner of
the screen. The WCS indicator does not represent the origin;
it indicates orientation.
The UCS (User Coordinate System) is the system in which
you are working. By default, it is located to coincide with the
WCS, but it can be moved. UCS axes can be displayed from
Program Setup, and they appear wherever the origin is
located.
When using the 3D Selector, the selection shell local menu
and Inspector Bar provide two options that relate selected
objects to the UCS (see "2D / 3D Selector" on page 181).
• Set UCS by Selector: Moves the UCS origin to the
selection reference point.
• Set Selector by UCS: Moves the selection to the UCS
origin (similar to the Place on WorkPlane option for
2D objects).
NOTE: The 2D Selector always moves the UCS (Workplane)
to the selection.
Coordinate systems behave the same way in 2D and in 3D,
but in 3D you need to be familiar with the concept of
workplanes as well. See "3D Coordinate Systems" on page
362and"Workplanes" on page 362.
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Absolute Coordinates
Hotkey: A, Shift+ A
Cartesian (X, Y) coordinates relative to the fixed, absolute
(WCS) origin.
The relative origin is marked by a red square. You can use
Relocate Origin (Shift+L) at any time to move it.
Relative Origin not fixed
Relative Origin fixed
You can enter absolute X and Y values in the Coordinate
Fields.
You can enter relative X and Y values in the Coordinate
Fields. Note the +/- symbols, indicating that the distance is
not absolute.
Relative Coordinates
Hotkey: R, Shift+ R
Polar Coordinates
Hotkey: P, Shift+ P
Cartesian (X, Y) coordinates relative to a specified origin.
TIP: If you precede a coordinate with an @ sign it will be
interpreted as a relative coordinate.
The relative origin can move as you work, relocating to each
selected point, or it can remain fixed. The relative origin is
controlled by the Fixed relative origin box on the
Preference page of the Program Setup.
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Polar (length and angle) coordinates relative to a specified
origin. The relative origin (moving or fixed) behaves the
same way as for Relative coordinates.
TIP: If you precede a coordinate with a > sign it will be
interpreted as a polar coordinate.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 4 Drawing Aids
You can enter the distance and angle to the selected point in
the Coordinate Fields.
You can also use the Lock options in the Modes menu, or use
the X, Y, or Z hotkeys.
Grid
The grid is a visual aid you can use when locating, sizing,
and moving objects. The G SEKE (see "SEKE’s" on page
110) and Grid Snap (see "Grid Snap" on page 112) enable
you to use grid points to precisely locate objects.
Relocate Origin
Hotkey: L, Shift+ L
For Relative and Polar coordinates, moves the relative
origin.
Grid tools can be accessed from the menu, or from the flyout
icon on the Grid toolbar:
You can display the Grid toolbar by right-clicking in any
blank toolbar area and selecting Grid.
The grid can be a pattern of lines, crosses, or dots that divides
the drawing space into Cartesian or polar coordinates.
If you want to fix the relative origin in place, open the
Preference page and check Fixed relative origin.
Locking Coordinates
By default, when you move the mouse around the screen, the
values in the Coordinate Fields update dynamically.
However, you can enter a value and lock it so that it will not
change.
You can choose whether or not to display the grid, and you
can customize how you want the grid to appear.
Locking coordinates comes in handy when you need to only
lock one field. For example, you can lock an X value and
constrain all future points to be placed on the vertical line
that passes through the X point.
When working in 3D, the grid is displayed on the current
workplane. For details, see "Workplanes" on page 362.
If you display the rulers while working the grid can be a
helpful indicator of orientation within the drawing.
WARNING: Be sure to unlock coordinates when you are
finished. As long as a coordinate is locked, you are not free to
select the usual range of points.
To lock a value, check the lock box for the relevant field.
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Grid properties are set up in the Grid and Advanced Grid
pages of the Drawing Setup. See "Grid Options" on page 69
and "Advanced Grid Options" on page 70.
Displaying and Manipulating the Grid
The tools on the Grid toolbar and the Grid menu can be used
to display the grid, size it, and change its origin.
Display Grid
Hotkey: Alt + G
Displays or hides the grid. This command is a toggle
function.
Double Grid
Set Grid Origin
Select the new origin for the grid, or enter coordinates in the
Coordinate Fields. You can use Set Origin to align the grid
to a particular point, then use the grid to set future distances.
Printing the Grid
While printing, you can choose whether or not the grid will
be printed as part of your drawing. This option is set in the
Page Setup. See "Page Setup" on page 664.
Snaps
Snaps ensure precise placement of points when you use the
cursor.
For example, rather than enter coordinates or length to define
the endpoint of a line, you can snap to the endpoint or
midpoint of an existing line.
Doubles the spacing of the grid, making it less dense.
This Snap toolbar displays and controls running snaps. Local
snaps can be used regardless of what running snaps are
active.
Snap Settings
Halve Grid
The Drawing Aids window contains options for setting
snaps and their priority levels. Open this window by
right-clicking on the SNAP or GEO button next to the
Coordinate Fields.
Divides the spacing of the grid in two, making it more dense.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 4 Drawing Aids
• Show Magnetic Point and Auxiliary Lines: A
preview point will be displayed when you are within
the aperture of a snap point. When relevant (for
Extended Ortho and Apparent Intersection),
auxiliary lines will also appear.
• Always show auxiliary lines: Once displayed,
auxiliary lines will remain onscreen, even when the
cursor moves outside the snap aperture.
• Use Mouse Position if Required Snaps are not
Found: If you click on a point at which there is no
snap, the point will be used anyway.
Running Snaps: These are snaps that are permanently
active, as opposed to snaps that are used only once.
• In Aperture Only: The associated snap will function
only when the snap point is within the snap aperture. If
more than one object is located within the snap
aperture, the point will be defined at the closest
qualifying snap point, unless Priority is set. If not
checked, the snap point itself does not need to be
located within the snap aperture.
You can set the radius of the snap aperture in the
General page of the Program Setup (Options /
General).
TIP: To see the snap aperture while you are working, set it in
the Preference page of Options.
Modes:
• No Snap: No snaps will be permanently active
(running).
• Priority: Establishes which snap take precedence if
more than one snap is available. A value of 1 has the
highest priority.
• Ortho Mode: The mouse will move only horizontally
and vertically.
• Workplane by Face mode: The workplane will be set
by the facet of the solid where your cursor is. See
"Workplanes" on page 362.
• Use Workplane Intersection: Enables you to snap to
intersection lines and curves between a 3D object and
the current workplane. See "Workplane Intersections
Snap" on page 114.
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Magnetic Point
The magnetic point is the indicator of the snap location. The
disadvantage to showing the magnetic point is that for very
large files or very slow computers, the magnetic points might
take time to display.
NOTE: Be careful with the snap modes you leave running. For
example, if only Vertex is in use, you will not be able to select
any point besides a vertex.
You can temporarily turn off all running snaps by clicking
the SNAP button next to the Coordinate Fields. While the
button is grayed out, the running snaps are disabled. Click
again to activate the snaps.
The GEO button performs the same function for geometric
aids (Extended Ortho, Apparent Intersection, and Show
Magnetic Point).
It is usually best to turn off both SNAP and GEO at the same
time.
Running and Local Snaps
Local Snaps
Snaps can be permanent (until turned off) or can be
temporary (used just once). Running snaps are permanent,
and those invoked by the local menu and SEKE’s are
temporary.
If you want to use a certain snap once, but do not want to
have the particular snap mode constantly in use, you can use
local snaps. These are one-time snaps that you can select
from the Local Snap item of the local menu. You can also
used SEKE’s (hotkeys) to invoke one-time snaps.
Running Snaps
SEKE’s
Running snaps are snaps that are constantly active, as
opposed to one-time snaps invoked by SEKEs and the local
menu. You can turn on running snaps by:
Single Equivalent Keyboard Entries are keyboard shortcuts,
or hotkeys, for quickly performing a function or snapping.
SEKE’s are affected by the snap aperture settings. If the
sought snap point or type is not available within the aperture
and Use snap aperture is turned on the SEKE will not snap.
• Selecting items from the Snaps menu.
• Clicking the icon or combination of icons on the Snap
Modes toolbar.
• Using the Drawing Aids window. Open this window
by right-clicking on the SNAP or GEO button next to
the Coordinate Fields, and check the desired snaps.
To use a SEKE for snapping, place the cursor on the desired
object and press the key. For example, place the cursor
anywhere on a line and press M to snap to its midpoint.
The following is the list of SEKE snaps:
C - Center (snaps to the center of an arc, circle, or ellipse)
G - Grid (snaps to the nearest grid point).
H - Perpendicular Opposite (snaps to an endpoint so that the
new line is bisected by an existing line)
• Use hotkeys. You can view these in the Snaps menu.
For example, Shift+V turns on Vertex snap.
I - Intersection (snaps to the intersection of two objects)
J - Perpendicular (snaps to the perpendicular projection to an
object)
M - Midpoint
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Chapter 4 Drawing Aids
N - Nearest on Graphic (snaps to the nearest place touched
by the cursor)
Middle Point Snap
SEKE: M
Q - Quadrant Point (snaps to 0, 90, 180, 270 degree point of
a circle, arc, ellipse)
S - No Snap
V - Vertex (snaps to endpoints of lines and arcs)
Snaps to the midpoint of a line or line segment.
Snap Modes
This section lists all available snaps and geometric aids.
When accessed from the Snap Modes toolbar or from the
menu, these are running snaps (permanent until turned off).
When accessed by a SEKE or from the local menu, they are
one-time snaps.
Divide Point Snap
No Snap
SEKE: S
Snaps to one of the division points of an arc or line segment.
When on, turns off all snap modes. With snap modes off, you
define points by simply clicking, or by using the Inspector
Bar and Coordinate Fields.
Vertex Snap
SEKE: V
The default number of segments is 3, but you can change this
in the Segments field of the Drawing Aids window. Open
this window by right-clicking on the SNAP or GEO button
next to the Coordinate Fields.
Snaps to the nearest vertex. A vertex can be an endpoint of a
line or line segment, corner of a polygon, or endpoint of an
arc or curve.
TIP: You can also divide arcs and line segments while using
the Edit Tool, by selecting Divide Segment or Arc Divide
from the local menu. See "Edit Tool" on page 219.
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Center Snap
Quadrant Point Snap
SEKE: C
SEKE: Q
Snaps to the center of an arc, circle, or ellipse.
Snaps to the nearest quadrant point (0, 90, 180, and 270
degrees) on a circle, arc, or ellipse.
Center of Extents Snap
SEKE: E
Intersection Snap
SEKE: I
Snaps to the center of extents of a 2D or 3D object. This is
the center of the bounding rectangle (2D) or box (3D) that
encloses the selected object.
Snaps to the intersection of two objects.
Nearest on Facet Snap
Grid Snap
SEKE: G
Snaps to the nearest point on a facet, or to the projection of
this point onto the current workplane.
Snaps to the nearest grid point. See "Grid" on page 107.
For details on grid settings, see "Grid Options" on page 69.
If the Advanced Grid option of Frequency is set to a figure
greater than one, invisible grid lines will also be detected by
this snap mode. See "Advanced Grid Options" on page 70.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 4 Drawing Aids
Nearest on Graphic Snap
SEKE: N
The snap point does not have to lie on the projection line; it
can be placed on the extension of the projection line.
Snaps to the point on an object closest to the cursor, within
the snap aperture.
Tangent Snap
In the case of a circle, the projection point is along the radial
from the circle center. If the circle is selected on the left side,
the snap point will be on that side.
Snaps to a tangent point on an arc, circle, or ellipse, relative
to the previous point.
If you select the circle on its right side, the snap point will be
on that side.
Projection Snap
Snaps to a point that is the perpendicular projection image of
the last point drawn onto a selected object.
Opposite (Mirror Point) Snap
In this example, the line on the right is the projection line.
The last point drawn is Point 2, when creating Line 1-2.
Snaps to a point that is the mirror image of the last point
drawn, in reference to a selected object.
In this example, the line on the right is the mirror line. The
last point drawn is Point 2, when creating Line 1-2.
Activate the Projection snap and hover over the projection
line. Point 3 is the snap point, which is the perpendicular
projection of Point 2.
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Activate the Opposite snap and hover over the mirror line.
Point 3 is the snap point.
1.
The workplane must be displayed (see "Displaying the
Workplane" on page 364), and intersection lines must
be displayed as well (see "Display Intersections with
3D Objects" on page 370).
2.
Activate the Workplane Intersections snap along
with the snaps you want to use on the intersection lines
and curves. In this case Vertex snap is active, and you
can snap to an endpoint of the intersection line.
In some cases it is important where you select the mirror
object. If the circle is selected on the left side, the mirror
point will be opposite that side.
If you select the circle on its right side, the mirror point will
be opposite that side.
Ortho Snap
Hotkey: Shift
When in use, the cursor can only move horizontally or
vertically.
Show Magnetic Point
Workplane Intersections Snap
When in use, a diamond-shaped point will be displayed for
the locations of all running snaps. See "Magnetic Point" on
page 110.
Snaps to intersection curves between 3D objects and the
current workplane. (For information on workplanes, see
"Workplanes" on page 362)
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Chapter 4 Drawing Aids
Extended Ortho Snap
Apparent Intersection Snap
Snap to points located orthogonally from existing points.
Show Magnetic Point must be turned on.
Snaps to points where two lines would meet. An auxiliary
line is displayed from both lines, extending to this point.
Show Magnetic Point must be turned on.
1.
2.
3.
Start a polyline with two linear segments, then start the
third segment like this:
To end the third segment, first hover over the start
point. This displays an auxiliary line extending
vertically from that point. You can snap to points along
this line.
1.
Start with lines whose extensions will meet
(non-parallel). When you pass the cursor over each
line, the line’s endpoint is marked.
2.
When the cursor passes over any apparent intersection
point, auxiliary lines will be displayed from the actual
lines, and their intersection point is marked.
Horizontal auxiliary lines can also extend from this
point, when the cursor is to the right or left.
NOTE: If Always show auxiliary lines is checked in the
Drawing Aids window, the auxiliary lines will be displayed,
even when you move the cursor away from them.
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NOTE: If Always show auxiliary lines is checked in the
Drawing Aids window, the auxiliary lines will be displayed,
even when you move the cursor away from them.
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Perpendicular Snap
SEKE: J
Open the Layer manager by selecting Format / Layers, or
by clicking the Layers icon on the toolbar.
Connects a line to another line so that the two lines are
perpendicular.
1.
2.
Select the first endpoint of the line. For the second
endpoint, move the cursor over the line to which the
new line will be perpendicular.
This dialog is used to create layers, to assign properties to
each layer, and to organize layers. It is divided into two
Press J.
frames. The first frame show the tree containing the layer
filter, and layer templates. The second frame show the layers.
controlled or derive from the item selected in the tree. The
top node of the tree controls and shows all layers in the
drawing.
Layers
Layers are virtual levels in a drawing, analogous to acetate
tabs (overlays) in traditional drafting. Layers enable you to
sort objects in your drawing by type, by creation order, or by
any criteria that suits the way you work. You can also use
layers to protect certain objects from being edited or deleted.
NOTE: Layers are not related to how objects are stacked in
relation to their order of creation. If you change an object’s
layer, it does not affect its position in the object stack. Setting
Up Layers
There are two primary ways of creating and editing layers.
The Layer manager, and Design Director which is only
available in the Pro product. With regard to layers you can do
essentially operations with either.
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Layer 0 is the default layer, and all objects are placed here
unless otherwise specified, or unless another layer is created
and made active. Layer $CONSTRUCTION is created when
construction geometry is created (see "Construction
Geometry" on page 121). Neither of these default layers can
be deleted, but you can change their properties.
Layer Set: See "Layer Sets" on page 120.
Columns in Layers window: Use the horizontal scroll bar
to see all columns. You can sort the list by clicking on any
column heading; the list will be sorted according to the
selected parameter.
• Visibility (eye icon): Check to make objects on the
layer visible.
• Read-only (lock icon): Check to make the layer
read-only, so that objects cannot be edited or deleted.
You can add objects to a read-only layer via the Layer
drop-down list on the TurboCAD Layers toolbar.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 4 Drawing Aids
• Color: Click on the the color box to open the color
dialog, then select a color - The default color is black.
Objects will have the layer color if their color is set to
By Layer.
• Style: Select the line style from the drop-down list and
double-click to set it. Objects will have the layer style
if their style is set to By Layer.
• Order: Determines the order in which layers are
drawn. Order can be used to place certain categories of
objects in front of others; objects drawn on higher
layers will be “over” those on lower layers. The order
numbers are initially set to zero. Layers that have the
same order number are sorted alphanumerically. The
highest layer number is 32767.
WARNING: The Draw Order commands will not function as
you expect if objects are on different layers and the layers
have different Order values.
• Pen Width: Sets the line width. Objects will have the
layer width if their width is set to By Layer.
• Print Style: Specifies the Print Style to be used by
objects on that layer. "Print Style Options" on page
522.
VP Columns in Layers window: In addition to the main
columns in the Layers window there are five columns with a
VP prefix. VP stands for Viewport, and these columns are
use to control how objects will appear within a selected
viewport.
The columns are: VP Visible, VP Color, VP Line Style, Pen
Width, Print Style.
The VP columns operate in the same way as the main
columns, except the settings effect on selected viewports.
To use the VP column settings:
4.
Apply the settings in the VP columns of the Layer
Manager.
NOTE: Remember that settings which control object
appearance via the Layer Manager (e.g. VP Color) only affect
the properties objects which are set to By Layer.
Layer Manager Toolbar
Refresh: Refresh the Layer manager display.
New Layer Filter: Creates a new Layer filter. Assign a name
to the filter then setup the filter in the Layer Filters dialog.
Edit Filter Parameters: Open the layer filter currently
selected in the tree in the Layer Filters dialog.
Edit Layer Sets: Opens the Layer Set dialog to create and
edit layer sets.
New Layer Template: Creates a new layer template from
the currently selected layers.
New Layer: Creates a new layer. The default name will
include a prefix by default, but the name can be changed.
Delete Layer: See "Deleting a Layer" on page 118.
Activate: Sets the currently selected layer (only one) as the
active layer. This will effect any currently active drawing
tool or currently selected object.
Select By: Selects all objects on the currently selected
layers.
Edit Properties: Opens that layer page of the Drawing
Options.
Visible/Invisible All: If any layer is invisible all layers are
made visible. If all layers are visible they are all made
invisible.
Invert Visibility: Turns all visible layers invisible, and all
invisible layers visible.
Exclusive Visible: Makes only the currently selected layers
visible, all other become visible.
1.
Open the Layer Manager.
Lock/Unlock All: If any layer is unlocked all layers are
locked. If all layers are locked they are all unlocked.
2.
Go to Paper Space.
Invert Lock:
3.
Select the Viewports you wish to configure.
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Exclusive Lock: Makes only the currently selected layers
locked, all other become unlocked.
Layer Prefix: By default, the layers are named “Layer 1,
Layer 2,” etc. You can change or remove the prefix. The @
symbol is a placeholder for the automatic layer number.
Manipulating Layers and Properties
By default, new objects are created on Layer 0, unless a layer
is specified in the Properties window of a specific tool. You
can change the layer of objects after they are created, or you
can change the default layer of a group of tools.
Setting the Active Layer
Note: Many of the functions available from the Layer toolbar
are also available by right clicking and opening the local
menu.
Set the layer you want to be active by selecting it from the
Layer list in the TurboCAD Layers toolbar. You must have
a drawing tool selected or an object selected to change the
active layer.
Creating a New Layer
1.
Select Layers, click New Layer, then assign a name
for the layer in the Layer column (or accept the default
name).
2.
Adjust the various layer settings, such as color and line
style.
Deleting a Layer
Setting the Layer of Selected Objects or a Group of Tools
You may delete any layer except Layers 0 and
$CONSTRUCTION. Layers can be deleted even if they
contain objects.
To quickly change the layer of selected objects:
If the layer to be deleted is set as the default for a tool (in the
General page of a tool’s Properties window), you will
receive a warning message before the layer is deleted.
1.
Select Layers, and select the layer to be deleted.
2.
Click Delete Layer. If the layer contains objects, the
objects will be deleted. This action can be undone, in
case you delete objects inadvertently.
In some cases, objects on deleted layers will be moved to
Layer 0, rather than be deleted. If an object exists on Layer 1
in both Paper Space and Model Space, and Layer 1 is deleted
from Model Space, in Paper Space the object will be moved
to Layer 0. This is due to different Undo buffers for Model
and Paper Spaces.
1.
Select the objects.
2.
Select the layer from the Layers list box in the
TurboCAD Layers toolbar.
To set layers via the Properties window:
1.
Select the objects and open the Properties window. To
set the layer for all objects created with a certain group
of tools, right-click on one of the tool icons and open
the Properties window (see "Object Properties" on
page 90).
Layer Templates
Layer templates allow you to create and save alternate
configurations for layers. Layer templates store how layers
are setup, but do not store layers thenselves. Layer templates
are saved in a *.lrs file which can be stored anywher in you
system directory.
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Chapter 4 Drawing Aids
2.
On the General page, select the layer from the
drop-down list.
in the dropdown.
Assigning Layer Properties to Objects
1.
Open the Properties window, either for selected
objects or for a group of tools. See "Object Properties"
on page 90.
2.
Open the Pen page.
3.
The properties that can be set to By Layer are color,
line style, and width. Set any or all of these properties
as needed.
If the layer is set for selected objects, the objects will move
to that layer. Future objects, however, will still be created on
the tool’s default layer. If the layer is set for a group of tools,
all objects created with any one of the tools will
automatically be placed on the selected layer. For example,
setting the layer for the Line tool also affects the Rectangle
and Polygon tools.
NOTE: You can also select the objects and change the layer
on the Selection Info Palette. See "Selection Info Palette" on
page 224.
NOTE: By Layer is also available for properties on the
TurboCAD Properties toolbar.
Changing the Layer Visibility via Dropdown
You can change the visibility of a layer using the Layer
dropdown by clicking on the eye icon adjacent to the layer in
the dropdown.
Changing the Layer Color via Dropdown
You can change the color of a layer using the Layer
dropdown by clicking on the color icon adjacent to the layer
in the dropdown.
Changing the Layer Lock via Dropdown
You can change the lock status of a layer using the Layer
dropdown by clicking on the lock icon adjacent to the layer
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Layers of Groups and Blocks
3.
Assign a name to the set, or accept the default name.
If you create a group composed of objects on the same layer
of the drawing, the group will reside on that layer. For
objects on different layers, the group will be on Layer 0. If
you subsequently explode the group, its constituent objects
will return to its original layer.
Objects should be moved to Layer 0 before being used to
create a block. The block itself, when inserted in the
drawing, can be reassigned to the proper layer. Any objects
within the block that have a By Layer property will take on
the assigned layers attributes.
The name appears on the Layer Set list.
4.
On the list of layers, check the visibility of each layer
you want included in the layer set.
5.
To display a layer set, open the Format menu.
When a block is exploded, all objects originally assigned to
Layer 0 will stay on the layer the block was on. Any objects
with other layer assignments will retain those layers.
Layer Sets
A layer set is a group of layers which can be displayed as a
group. This is useful for displaying certain aspects of a
drawing without changing visibility settings of each layer
individually.
The default layer set is “All Layers,” which appears in the
Format menu.
NOTE: While a layer set is displayed, the properties of each
layer are not editable.
Creating and Manipulating Layer Sets
1.
In the Layers window (Format / Layers), click Edit
Layer Sets.
To delete a layer set, select it from the Layer Set list and
click Delete.
2.
When the Layer Set dialog opens select New.
To change the layers that appear in a layer set, select it from
the Layer Set list and change the visibility settings.
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Chapter 4 Drawing Aids
Construction Geometry
Construction geometry tools enable you to place temporary
lines and circles in your model. Construction geometry are
not drawing objects; they are used as references.
NOTE: It is not recommended to place model geometry on the
$CONSTRUCTION layer. If the color and line style of objects
are set to By Layer, the objects will appear as construction
geometry. It is also not recommended to change the line style
to Continuous.
Creating Construction Geometry
Several types of construction lines and circles are available.
Construction: Angular Line
Snaps can be used on construction geometry for creating
model geometry, as well as other construction geometry.
However, because construction lines are infinite, the Vertex
and Middle Point snaps are not available.
1.
Select a point through which the construction line will
pass. Select a second point, or enter the slant in the
Inspector Bar.
2.
The construction line is created, with the properties
assigned to the construction layer.
You can display the Construction toolbar by right-clicking
in any toolbar area and selecting Construction.
These tools are also available on the fly-out toolbar from the
Drawing Tools.
NOTE: You can use construction entities with the Trim tool to
trim other drawing entities, however you cannot trim
construction entities themselves.
Construction Geometry Properties
Construction
objects
are
placed
on
layer
“$CONSTRUCTION”. By default, the layer color is light
blue, and the line style is dash-dot.
You can change construction geometry color and line styles
via the layer manager.
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Construction: Horizontal Line, Vertical Line
2.
1.
Select the point through which the construction line
will pass.
2.
Continue creating construction lines of the same type,
and select Finish when done.
TIP: To make multiple construction lines separated by the
same distance, lock the Offset field in the Inspector Bar, and
create parallel lines from each successive line.
Select a point through which the construction line will
pass, or enter the offset in the Inspector Bar.
Construction: Perpendicular
1.
Select the line to which the construction line will be
perpendicular. You can also select a construction line.
2.
Select a point through which the construction line will
pass.
Construction: Parallel
1.
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Select the line to which the construction line will be
parallel. You can also select a construction line.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 4 Drawing Aids
Construction: Center and Point Circle
2.
Select the point on the opposite end of the diameter
line, or enter the radius, diameter or circumference,
and angle of the diameter line in the Inspector Bar.
Creates a construction circle by defining its center and a
point on its circumference.
1.
Select the circle centerpoint. Move the cursor to begin
to size the circle.
Construction: Triple Point Circle
Creates a construction circle that passes through three points.
2.
1.
Select the first point on the circumference.
2.
Select the second point.
3.
Select the third point.
Click to create the circle, or enter the radius, diameter,
or circumference in the Inspector Bar.
Construction: Double Point Circle
Creates a construction circle by defining two opposite points
on its circumference.
1.
Select a point on the circle circumference.
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Construction: Perpendicular by Line
3.
Snap to the center of the other circle to set the
construction line.
Creates a construction line perpendicular to a line defined by
two points.
Start with two circles, We will create a construction line
halfway between the centers of the two circles perpendicular
to the axis between the two centers.
1.
Select the tool, then snap to the center of the first
circle.
Rays
Rays are a special type of construction line with only one end
point extending infinitely in one direction.
Angular Ray
2.
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1.
Select a point for the end of the ray will pass. Select a
second point, or enter the slant in the Inspector Bar.
2.
The ray is created, with the properties assigned to the
construction layer.
Move the cursor. Notice that the preview of the
construction line is parallel to the line you are dragging
out.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 4 Drawing Aids
Horizontal Line, Vertical Line
Design Director
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Hotkey: F3
The Design Director is a convenient place to perform
commands related to layers, workplanes, views, cameras,
and graphic objects or object groups.
1.
Select the point through for the end of the ray.
2.
Continue creating ray lines of the same type, and select
Finish when done.
Local menu options:
Flip: the Flip option changes the direction of the ray 180
degrees.
Editing Construction Lines
You can use the Edit tool to adjust the nodes of construction
lines and rays.
You can split a construction line into two rays by using the
Split tool.
Clearing and Hiding Constructions
Design Director Toolbar and Menu
You can clear construction objects via the Edit menu.
The following options are available on the Design Director
toolbar and on the local menu. The available options
depending on the item chosen (layer, layer set, workplane,
etc.)
• Edit / Clear / Construction enables you to delete a
single construction object.
• Edit / Clear / All Constructions deletes all
construction geometry.
To hide constructions, you can hide the $CONSTRUCTION
layer. Open the Layers window and uncheck the visibility
box for this layer.
Printing Construction Geometry
While printing, you can choose whether or not construction
geometry will be printed as part of your drawing. This option
is set in the Page Setup. See "Page Setup" on page 664.
• Refresh
: Redraws the Design Director pane.
• Activate
(hotkey: Ctrl+A): Applies, or makes
active, the selected item.
• Select By
(hotkey: Ctrl+S): Selects the selected
item in the drawing space .
• Edit Properties
(hotkey: Ctrl+P): Change
properties of the selected item.
• Create New
(hotkey: Ctrl+N): Adds a new item.
• Create Set:
Creates a set of all or selected items in
the table. Relevant for layers, lights, and cameras.
• Delete
(hotkey: Ctrl+D): Deletes the selected item.
• Options
: Invokes the Options window to
customize the Design Director.
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• Open as Separate Palette : Open the selected item
as separate palette. This is useful if you want to keep
multiple sections of the Design Director open at once.
The following options appear on the local menu only:
Design Director: Layers
Enables you to manipulate all the layers and layer sets in the
drawing (see "Layers" on page 116 and "Layer Sets" on page
120).
• Load From File (hotkey: Ctrl+Shift+O): Loads an
item from the file with the corresponding extension.
To create a new layer or layer set, select Create New in the
Design Director toolbar or local menu.
• Save To File (hotkey: Ctrl+Shift+S): Saves an item to
the file with the corresponding extension.
When Layers or Layer Sets is selected in the upper pane of
the Design Director, the lower pane has the following
options:
• Show Toolbar: Shows or hides the Design Director
toolbar.
Design Director Options
General options for items to display or hide, how the mouse
will be used, and confirmation windows.
Active: Sets the layer as active, or applies the layer set. Also
indicates the layer for a selected object or tool.
Visible: Sets the layer visibility.
Lock: Use this switch to lock layers, which means the
objects on them will be read-only. You can add objects to
locked layers, but you cannot edit or delete objects.
Color: Sets the layer color.
Order: The order number of the layer.
Line Style: specifies the Line Style for the layer.
Pen Width: Specifies the Pen Width for the layer.
Print Style: Specifies the Print Style for the layer.
Layer Sets
Show Entries: Select the items you want displayed in the
Design Director.
Double-Click Action: Sets the action performed when
double-clicking on either the right or left mouse button.
Show New Name Confirmation Dialog: If checked, you
will be asked to confirm the name of each new item you
create using Create New. If not checked, the names will be
assigned automatically.
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A layer set is a group of layers, which can be handy if you
want to set visibility, locking, and other parameters for
multiple layers.
1.
Select Layers in the upper pane of the Design
Director.
2.
On the lower pane, select the layers you want to
include in the layer set.
3.
Select Create Set in the Design Director toolbar or
local menu.
4.
Select Layer Sets in the upper pane in order to see the
defined layer sets in the lower pane.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 4 Drawing Aids
5.
Select the properties (visibility, locking, etc.) of the
layer set. When the layer set is made Active, these
properties will be automatically applied to all layers in
the set.
Layer Filters
Layer templates store how layers are setup, but do not store
layers thenselves. Layer templates are saved in a *.lrs file
which can be stored anywher in you system directory.
All layers which meet the parameters define by the filter will
be grouped in the lower panel of the Design Director.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Layer filters provide you with a powerful tool to organize
your work, workflow and drawing. This feature also allows
you to import DWG file that have embedded layer filters
Note: The Show Filters and Group by Filters options must be
turned on in the Design Director options for Filter groups to be
displayed.
You can control all of the settings for the layers in the group.
This means that if you change the color adjacent to the filter
the color for all of its layer will be change to that color. If you
change the visibility adjacent to the filter the visibility of all
its layer will be changed to that visibility. If for any setting
the layers contained in the filter have mixed settings for an
option the filter will display a blank field or an ellipsis (...)
for that setting. however you can still control the settings of
the filtered layers.
To Change Layer Color Properties via the Filter
Layer filters will organize you layer by a defined set of
parameters.
Layer Templates
Layer templates allow you to create and save alternate
configurations for layers.
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1.
In the Design Director of a filtered drawing:
2.
In the lower panel of the Design Director, hover the
cursor over the color field adjacent to a filter.
3.
Click on the color field.
4.
When the Color dialog appears, select a color.
The colors of all the filtered layers will be changed to
the selected color.
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To Create a Filter
1.
Click the Create Layers Filter button in the toolbar of
the Design Director.
2.
When Prompted assign a name to the filter.
3.
When the Filter Dialog appears, specify the parameters
for the filter.
4.
Click OK.
• Insert Wildcard: This button opens the Wildcard
dialog which allow you to insert a wildcard into the
currently selected field.
To Edit a Filters Parameters
1.
Select the Filter in the top Panel of the Design Director.
2.
Right click and Select Edit Filter Parameters..
3.
When the Filter Dialog appears, reset the parameters
for the filter.
• Duplicate Row: This button duplicates the currently
selected row in the Filter Parameters table.
4.
Click OK.
• Delete Row: This button deletes the currently selected
row in the Filter Parameters table.
Layer Filter Dialog
The dialog also defines how each of the wildcards
function.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Filter Parameters
The Layers filter dialog allows you to specify how your
filters work.
The Filter Parameters table is where you specify how the
filter will work by entering a set of parameters. Parameters
are defined by values and wildcards. Each field in takes
specific types of values.
• Name: The Name field uses the name of layers to
filter. Full names or parts of names can be combined
with wildcards to specify what layers you want the
filter to catch. The name field is the most versatile in
regard to using wildcards.
The dialog is divided into three sections: Toolbar, Filter
Parameters table, Filtering Results table.
Filter Toolbar
• Parent Filter: Filter can have sub-filters. This setting
allows you to specify a parent filter that will constrain
the list of layer that the current filter will apply to.
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• Active: The Active field uses the Active status of
layers to filter. It can take two values TRUE or FALSE.
These can be combined with the NOT (~) wildcard to
signify the opposite meaning. E.g. ~TRUE means = is
not true. Since there can be only one Active layer at
anytime, this option will make the filter dynamic as to
what layers are captured.
• Visible: The Visible field uses the Visible status of
layers to filter. It can take two values TRUE or FALSE.
These can be combined with the NOT (~) wildcard to
signify the opposite meaning. E.g. ~TRUE = is not
true.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 4 Drawing Aids
• Locked: The Locked field uses the Locked status of
layers to filter. It can take two values TRUE or FALSE.
These can be combined with the NOT (~) wildcard to
signify the opposite meaning. E.g. ~TRUE = is not
true.
• Color: The Color field uses the Colors of layers to
filter. It takes values which identify colors, either as
RGB (True Color) values expressed as three numbers
separated by commas, e.g. 10,20,30, or as Index colors
expressed as a single number ranging from 1 to 255.
These can be combined with the NOT (~) wildcard to
signify the opposite meaning. E.g. ~10 = is not color
10. You cannot embed wildcard within the RGB value.
• Line Style: The Line Style field uses the Line Styles of
layers to filter. It takes values which are the names of
Line Styles, such as CONTINUOUS or BORDER.
These can be combined with the NOT (~) wildcard to
signify the opposite meaning. E.g. ~BORDER = is not
BORDER.
• Pen Width: The Pen Width field uses the Pen Widths
of layers to filter. It takes values which are the numeric
values of the pen widths along with the units. For
Example 0.5in or 33 mm. These can be combined with
the NOT (~) wildcard to signify the opposite meaning.
E.g. ~0.5in = is not 0.5in.
• Order: The Order field uses the Order of layers to
filter. It takes values which are the numeric values of
the Order. For Example 1 or 55. These can be
combined with the NOT (~) wildcard to signify the
opposite meaning. E.g. ~10 = is not 10.
• Print Style: The Print Style field uses the Print Styles
of layers to filter. It takes values which are the names
of Print Styles, such as ‘Normal’ or New Style. These
can be combined with the NOT (~) wildcard to signify
the opposite meaning. E.g. ~BORDER = is not
BORDER.
Wildcards
Wildcards are special characters that are combined with
other values to constrain a result. The wildcards that are
supported by the filters are:
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• # (pound) Matches any single numeric digit. For
example, if there are 1000 layers named 1 to 1000, you
can build the filter to capture all of the layers from 500
to 599 by using 5##, or 550 to 559 by using 55#
• @ (at) Matches any single alphabetic character. For
example, if there four layers named EAST, WEST,
BEST and TEST, you can build a filter to capture all
four by using @@ST, or just the last three layer by
using @EST
• . (period) Matches any single non alphanumeric
character. For example, if there were four layers
named TOP_VIEW, TOP-VIEW, TOP VIEW and
TOP:VIEW, you can build a filter to capture all four by
using TOP.VIEW
• * (asterisk) Matches any string (sequence of
characters) and can be used anywhere in the search
string, beginning, middle or end. For example, you
have dozens of layers that include the term 1ST, you
can capture all of them by using *1ST*
• ? (question mark) Matches any single character; for
example, ?BC matches ABC, 3BC, etc. As another
example, if there four layers named EAST, 2EST,
_EST and TEST, you can build a filter to capture all
four by using ??ST, or just the last three layer by using
?EST
• ~ (tilde) Matches anything but the pattern, in other
words it equals NOT. For example; ~*AB*matches all
strings that don't contain AB. As another example, you
have dozens of layers that include the term 1ST, you
can exclude them all from being captured by using
~*1ST*
• [ ] Matches any one of the characters enclosed; for
example, [AB]C matches AC and BC. As another
example, all of the layers begin with a single number,
and you want to capture just those that begin with 5, 7
and 8. You can capture them by using [578]*
• [~] Matches any character not enclosed; for example,
[~AB]C matches XC but not AC. As another example,
all of the layers begin with a single number, and you
want to exclude from capture just those that begin with
5, 7 and 8. You can do this by using [~578]*
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• [-] Specifies a range for a single character; for
example, [A-G]C matches AC, BC, and so on to GC,
but not HC. As another example, all of the text layers
have a format like TXT followed by a number
followed by more characters e.g.TXT1TOP or
TXT2BOTTOM. You want to capture any with the
numbers 2, 3, 4, or 5. You can capture all of them using
TXT[2-5]*
• ` (reverse quote) Reads the next character literally; for
example, `~AB matches ~AB. This is especially useful
if your layers have characters in their names that
otherwise would be interpreted as wildcards.
Important Items to remember:
• All items on the same row of a filter further refine
(tighten) the results of the filter. For example, on one
row, if under the Name field you have *1ST* and in
the Color field you have 55, the filter will capture only
those items that have both 1ST and are Color 55
• Items on separate rows expand the results of the filter.
For example, if on one row in the Name field you have
*1ST* and on the next row in the Color field you have
55, the filter will capture all layers with 1ST and all
layers with Color 55.
• Sub filters are restricted to capturing only layers which
are contained within their parent filters.
Filter Results
The Filtering Results table displays results of the filter as
defined in the Filter Parameters table, this gives you a
preview of how your filter will operate.
There are several functions which are available if you right
click a field in the Filtering Results table.
• Refine using this value: If this option is chosen the
value in the field will be added to each row of the Filter
Parameters table with content. This further restricts the
results of the filter.
• Refine excluding this value: If this option is chosen
the value in the field will be added to each row of the
Filter Parameters table with content with a ~
prepending the value. This further restricts the results
of the filter.
• Add all with this value: If this option is chosen the
value in the field will be added to a new row of the
Filter Parameters table. This expands the results of the
filter.
• Add all without this value: If this option is chosen the
value in the field will be added to a new row of the
Filter Parameters table with a ~ prepending the value.
This expands the results of the filter.
Filters and XREFs
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
When external references (XREFs) are add to a file all of the
layers of the external referenced file are appended. The
layers are listed under the XREF name as if the XREF was
itself a filter. in add ti on the XREF is listed under the filters
in the top panel of the Design Director. Within the Design
Director lower panel you can treat the XREF as if it is a filter,
including changing the values for the properties of all the
layer s by making changes at the filter level. However, you
cannot edit the parameters of the XREF as if it were a filter.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 4 Drawing Aids
Design Director: Workplanes
Enables you to manipulate and create new workplanes. See
"Workplanes" on page 362.
To create a new workplane, select Create New in the Design
Director toolbar or local menu.
When Workplanes is selected in the upper pane of the
Design Director, all workplanes you saved using Set Named
Workplane (see "Saving and Recalling WorkPlanes" on
page 369) will appear in the lower pane. The lower pane
contains the following options:
Draft Rendering: Sets the rendering type when the view is
rendered in Draft rendering mode. See "Creating a Rendered
View" on page 495 and "Draft Render Properties" on page
499
Quality Rendering: Sets the rendering type when the view
is rendered in Quality rendering mode. See "Quality Render
Properties" on page 500
Perspective: Activates Perspective mode. See "Camera
Properties" on page 420.
Angle: The view angle for perspective mode.
Position: The location of the camera position.
Target: The location of the point the camera is facing.
UP Vector: A point defining the up direction of the camera.
Active: Sets the workplane as active; all inserted objects will
be located or based on this workplane. Also indicates the
workplane for a selected object or tool.
View by WorkPlane: Sets the view normal to the workplane
(workplane is against the screen).
Position: The point that represents the UCS origin. See "3D
Coordinate Systems" on page 362.
XVector: The point that defines the direction of the X-axis
in the UCS.
Extents: The boundaries of the view.
Design Director: Cameras
Enables you to manipulate all the cameras and camera sets in
the drawing (see "Camera Objects" on page 422).
To create a new camera or camera set, select Create New in
the Design Director toolbar or local menu.
When Cameras or Camera Sets is selected in the upper
pane of the Design Director, the lower pane has the following
options:
Up Vector: The point that defines the direction of the Z-axis
of the UCS.
Design Director: Views
Enables you to manipulate and create new views. To create a
new view from the current display, select Create New in the
Design Director toolbar or local menu.
When Views is selected in the upper pane of the Design
Director, all views you saved (see "Saving Views" on page
102) will appear in the lower pane. The lower pane contains
the following options:
Active: Displays the view taken by the camera, and attaches
the window to the camera.
Visible: Displays or hides the camera symbol in the drawing.
Attached: Creates a new window associated and
synchronized with the camera.
Draft Rendering: Sets the rendering type when the view is
rendered in Draft rendering mode. See "Creating a Rendered
View" on page 495 and "Draft Render Properties" on page
499
Active: Sets the view as active.
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Quality Rendering: Sets the rendering type when the view
is rendered in Quality rendering mode. See "Quality Render
Properties" on page 500
When Lights or Light Sets is selected in the upper pane of
the Design Director, the bottom pane has the following
options:
Perspective: Activates Perspective mode. See "Camera
Properties" on page 420.
Angle: The view angle for perspective mode.
Position: The location of the camera position.
Target: The location of the point the camera is facing.
UP Vector: A point defining the up direction of the camera.
Camera Sets
A camera set is a group of cameras, which can be handy if
you want to set rendering, perspective, and visibility
parameters for multiple cameras.
The lower pane contains the following options:
On/Off: Turns the light on and off.
Visible: Displays or hides the light indicator in the drawing.
Color: Sets the color of the light.
Type: Sets the type of light (headlight, spot light, etc.). See
"Creating Lights - Light Types" on page 513.
1.
Select Cameras in the upper pane of the Design
Director.
2.
On the lower pane, select the cameras you want to
include in the camera set.
Position: The coordinates of the light source, relevant for
Point, Spot, and Sky lights.
3.
Select Create Set in the Design Director toolbar or
local menu.
Target: The target point of a directional light, relevant for
Directional, Spot, and Sky lights.
4.
Select Camera Sets in the upper pane in order to see
the defined camera sets in the lower pane.
Light Sets
5.
Select the properties (visibility, render type, etc.) of the
camera set. When the camera set is made Active, these
properties will be automatically applied to all cameras
in the set.
A light set is a group of lights, which can be handy if you
want to set on/off, visibility, and other parameters for
multiple lights.
1.
Select Lights in the upper pane of the Design Director.
2.
Enables you to manipulate all the lights and light sets in the
drawing (see "Lights" on page 513).
On the lower pane, select the lights you want to include
in the camera set.
3.
Select Create Set in the Design Director toolbar or
local menu.
To create a new light or light set, select Create New in the
Design Director toolbar or local menu.
4.
Select Light Sets in the upper pane in order to see the
defined light sets in the lower pane.
5.
Select the properties (on/off, visibility, etc.) of the light
set.
Design Director: Lights
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 4 Drawing Aids
Lights Dialog
Design Director: Graphics
In the Design Director, “Graphics” refers to objects - 2D, 3D,
cameras, etc. You can insert single objects into the Design
Director in order to have easy access to zooming, visibility,
and other properties of the objects.
NOTE: To add groups of objects to the Design Director, use
Categories.
To place a graphic object into the Design Director:
1.
Select the object in the drawing space.
2.
In the Design Director select Graphics in the upper
pane and select Create New from the toolbar or local
menu.
New Light: Creates a new light. The default name will
include a prefix by default, but the name can be changed.
3.
Accept the default name or assign one that will help
you recognize the object.
Delete Light: Delete the selected lights.
All objects you add to the Design Director will appear in the
lower pane. The lower pane contains the following options:
Refresh: Refresh the Light manager display.
New Light Template: Creates a new light template from the
currently selected layers.
Activate: Sets the currently selected layer (only one) as the
active layer. This will effect any currently active drawing
tool or currently selected object.
Select By: Selects the currently selected lights.
Edit Properties: Opens the light properties dialog.
ZoomTo: Zooms to the extents of the object.
Visible/Invisible All: If any layer is invisible all lights are
made visible. If all lights are visible they are all made
invisible.
Visible: Displays or hides the object.
Color: Sets the object’s pen color.
Invert Visibility: Turns all visible lights invisible, and all
invisible lights visible.
View by WorkPlane: Displays the view by the workplane
that is set as WorkPlane by Entity. See "Workplane by
Entity" on page 366.
Exclusive Visible: Makes only the currently selected lights
visible, all other become visible.
Get WorkPlane: Sets the current workplane by this object.
ON/OFF All: If any light is off all it is turned on. If all lights
are on they are all turned off.
Invert On: Lights that are on are turned off, lights that are
off are tuned on.
Exclusive On: Turns on only the currently selected lights, all
others are turned off.
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Design Director: Categories
PDF Underlays
In the Design Director, “Categories” refers to groups of
objects - 2D, 3D, cameras, etc. You can insert a category into
the Design Director in order to have easy access to zooming,
visibility, and other properties of the object group.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
NOTE: To add single objects to the Design Director, use
Graphics.
To place a group of objects into the Design Director:
1.
Select the objects in the drawing space.
2.
In the Design Director select Categories in the upper
pane and select Create New from the toolbar or local
menu.
3.
Accept the default name or assign one that will help
you recognize the object.
PDF Underlays allow you to insert pages of PDF files into
your drawings to use as references. If the PDF contains
vector dat you will be able to snap to the endpoints and
midpoints of lines in the PDF underlay. The underlay will
appear as the bitmap data of the PDF. At different zoom level
you may have to use Regen or Redraw to get the maximum
resolution for the display of the underlay.
Underlays consist of two parts: the underlay style and the
underlay insertion.
Before inserting an underlay in you must create an Underlay
style.
Creating an Underlay Style
Open the Underlay Manager.
All object groups you add to the Design Director will appear
in the lower pane. The lower pane contains the following
options:
ZoomTo: Zooms to the extents of the objects.
Visible: Displays or hides the objects.
It contains a list of underlay styles currently defined for the
drawing.
Color: Sets the objects’ pen color.
Add To Category: Adds the selected object to the category.
1.
Click the New button to create a new Underlay Style.
The Underlay dialog opens.
Remove From Category: Removes the selected object from
the category.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 4 Drawing Aids
2.
3.
Click Browse button to display File Open dialog and
choose a pdf file.
Inserting an Underlay in a Drawing
To insert a PDF Underlay:
1.
Select the Underlay tool.
2.
You will be prompted to select the desired style. Select
the Underlay Style you want then click OK.
3.
Click to define left bottom corner of the underlay
insertion.
4.
Move the cursor to the desired location and click again
to define right top corner of the underlay insertion.
Now you can see the list of pages of the selected PDF
document and a preview picture for the selected page.
By default the page name is used as the Name of the
Underlay style but you can change it.
4.
Click OK to close the Underlay dialog. Now you will
see the new Underlay Style is added to the Styles List.
5.
Click OK to close Underlay Manager dialog
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136
For updates and additional information,
5 Inserting Objects
The Draw menu contains all of the TurboCAD drawing
tools, as well as tools for inserting other types of objects into
your drawing, such as files, pictures, and OLE objects.
These tools are also available on the fly-out toolbar from the
Drawing Tools.
NOTE: The tools covered in this section are 2D. For 3D
geometry, see "Creating 3D Objects" on page 371.
You can set object properties before they are created, or
modify properties of existing objects. See "Object
Properties" on page 79.
Use Point to create several different types of point markers:
dot, square, cross, star, or circle.
Before creating 2D objects, it is a good idea to familiarize
yourself with the following concepts:
By default, a point in 2D space. If you want to create a 3D
point, select 3D Point from the Inspector Bar or local menu.
• See "Coordinate Systems" on page 105.
• See "Grid" on page 107.
• See "Snaps" on page 108.
• See "Layers" on page 116.
Point Properties
The Point page is included in the Properties window when
a point is selected, or when the point tool is active.
• See "Construction Geometry" on page 121.
For most objects, you can define size and location by using
the cursor, or by specifying exact sizes or dimensions. See
"Inspector Bar" on page 45 and "Coordinate Fields" on page
46.
NOTE: If you are inserting 2D objects while working in 3D, the
objects will be placed on the current workplane. See
"Workplanes" on page 362.
Point
You can display the Point toolbar by right-clicking in any
toolbar area and selecting Point.
Color: Select the point color.
Point Type: Select dot, star, square, cross, circle, or the
AutoCAD point.
Size: Sets the width and height of the point. This value
affects all types of points except Dot, which is always
displayed at a minimal size.
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Line
1.
By default, line segments are created (as opposed to
arcs). Select each endpoint, or enter segment lengths
and angles in the Inspector Bar.
2.
To draw arc segments, select Arc Segment from the
local menu or Inspector Bar.
3.
By default, each arc segment is tangent to the previous
segment, but the tangency can be changed via the local
menu options. Select each arc endpoint, or enter
parameters in the Inspector Bar.
4.
To switch back to lines, select Line Segment from the
local menu or Inspector Bar.
5.
When all segments are created, select Finish (Alt+F)
from the local menu or Inspector Bar, or double-click
the last point. If you want to create a line or arc
segment connecting the first and last points, select
Close (Alt+C).
Tools for drawing lines and linear objects.
You can display the Line toolbar by right-clicking in any
toolbar area and selecting Line.
Single Line
Creates a single line.
1.
Define the segment start point.
2.
Define the endpoint, or specify the length and angle in
the Inspector Bar.
Polyline
Creates a series of connected straight line or arc segments
that comprise one object. The segments can have different
and/or tapered line widths.
NOTE: If you want to create a polyline by joining a series of
existing line or arc segments, see "Join Polyline" on page 243
or "Chain Polyline" on page 244.
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Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
Local menu options (Arcs):
Direction: Rather than creating an arc segment tangent to
the last segment, you can set the start angle of the arc
segment.
1.
2.
Size the arc by selecting its endpoint, or enter its angle
or arc length in the Inspector Bar.
For the arc segment, move the mouse to set the start
angle, or enter the angle in the Inspector Bar.
The next arc segment you create will revert to the
default - tangent to the previous segment.
2.
Select the arc endpoint, or enter its parameters in the
Inspector Bar. The next arc segment you create will
revert to the default - tangent to the previous segment.
Polyline Line Widths
There are two additional fields in the Inspector Bar for
assigning widths to polyline segments - Start Width and
End Width.
Center: Rather than creating the arc tangent to the last
segment, you can set the start angle and size by selecting the
arc center.
1.
For the arc segment, select the arc center, or enter the
arc length in the Inspector Bar.
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By default, polyline segments have the default line thickness
(which can be set in the Pen Width box on the Property
toolbar.)
For any segment, you can enter values for Start and End
Width.
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The next segment will have these properties, but the
subsequent segments, by default, will revert to the default
thickness.
Activate both options if you want to apply a uniform
thickness to the entire polyline, or to a contiguous group of
segments.
NOTE: If you use Start and End Width to create a segment
with tapering thickness, this taper will be lost when the polyline
is exploded, and then the tapered segment is exploded.
To change the widths of adjacent segments you can open the
Polyline Properties from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
Polygon
Creates a regular (equal-length sides) polygon.
In this window, you can force start and end widths to be
equal, and to set the start width of each segment to be equal
to the end width of the previous segment.
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1.
Enter the number of sides in the Inspector Bar. If
desired, you can also specify the Angle (angle of
control point from the center), and Radius or Side
(length of one side).
2.
Select the mode: Vertex, Segment or Edge.
3.
If you are using Vertex or Segment mode, select the
polygon centerpoint.
4.
Use the default Vertex Mode, which uses one of the
vertices for a control point. Or, select Segment Mode
from the local menu or Inspector Bar to use the
midpoint of one segment as a control point.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
5.
Or, select Edge Mode from the local menu or
Inspector Bar to use the midpoint of one segment as a
control point.
Irregular Polygon
Creates a polygon (closed) with irregular sides and angles.
This is equivalent to using the Polyline tool to create line
segments in “closed” mode.
1.
Define the first two vertices, creating the first segment.
You can also use the Inspector Bar to enter a length and
angle.
2.
Define the next segment. From this new vertex, a
closing segment is created back to the first vertex.
3.
Create as many segments as needed. A closing
segment is always created from the last vertex.
Options
Fillet Corners: If this option is turned on the corners of the
polygon will be rounded by filleting. A Radius F field
appears in the Inspector bar that allows you to specify the
radius of the fillets.
Create Pattern Constraint: (Mechanical Edition Only) If
this option is turned on a pattern constraint will be created
from the resulting polygon. Auto Add Constraints must be
turned on for this feature to work.
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4.
Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar, or
press Alt+F.
2.
Select the diagonally opposite corner. You can also
enter the size in the Inspector Bar.
Options
NOTE: To undo polygon segments in reverse order, select One
Step Back from the local menu or Inspector Bar (or press
Backspace).
Fillet Corners: If this option is turned on a the corners of the
polygon will be rounded by filleting. A Radius F field
appears in the Inspector bar that allows you to specify the
radius of the fillets.
Options
Fillet Corners: If this option is turned on a the corners of the
polygon will be rounded by filleting. A Radius F field
appears in the Inspector bar that allows you to specify the
radius of the fillets.
Rotated Rectangle
Creates a non-orthogonal rectangle.
1.
Select two points to define the base. The angle of this
line defines the orientation of the rectangle.
2.
Define a third point that specifies the distance from the
base to the top.
Rectangle
Creates an orthogonal rectangle by defining two diagonally
opposite corners.
1.
Select the first corner.
You can also enter the length of both sides and the orientation
angle in the Inspector Bar.
Options
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Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
Fillet Corners: If this option is turned on a the corners of the
polygon will be rounded by filleting. A Radius F field
appears in the Inspector bar that allows you to specify the
radius of the fillets.
Local menu option:
Limit to Segment: The perpendicular line cannot extend
past the endpoints of the existing line.
Perpendicular
Creates a line perpendicular to an existing line.
TIP: This tool creates a line from an existing line. To create a
perpendicular line to a line, you can use the “J” SEKE (see
"SEKE’s" on page 110.
TIP: To draw a line perpendicular to an arc or circle, draw a
single Line from the center of the arc or circle to its
destination, then trim the line.
Parallel
1.
Select an existing line.
Creates a line parallel to a existing line.
2.
3.
Select the point on the existing line where the
perpendicular line will start. You can select a point past
the endpoints.
1.
Select an existing line.
2.
Select the location of the parallel line, or enter the
offset in the Inspector Bar. By default, the parallel line
will have the same length as the original line.
Select a third point to set the length of the
perpendicular line, or enter the length in the Inspector
Bar.
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Local menu option:
2.
Move the mouse to adjust the length of the line, or set
the length in the Inspector Bar. The line midpoint
always remains at the tangent point.
3.
Move the mouse to change the angle of the line and the
point of tangency, or set the angle in the Inspector Bar.
Keep Length (default): If not used, you can create a parallel
line with a different length than the original line. You can
only adjust one endpoint of the line - the endpoint closest to
where you selected the original line. You can enter both the
offset and length in the Inspector Bar.
TIP: To create multiple parallel lines separated by the same
distance, lock the Offset field in the Inspector Bar (click the
lock symbol above the field). For each parallel line, select a
source line and indicate the side where the parallel line will be
created. You can also use Offset (see "Offset" on page 211).
Tangent Arc Point
Creates a line tangent to an arc, circle, or ellipse, with the
midpoint of the line located at the point of tangency.
1.
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Select the tangent arc, circle, or ellipse.
Tangent to Arc
Creates a line tangent to an arc, circle, or ellipse, starting
from a selected point.
1.
Select the start point of the line.
2.
Select the tangent arc, circle, or ellipse, close to the
point of tangency. The tangent line is created.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
In this example, clicking on the other side of the circle would
have created a different tangent line.
1.
Click on the side of the arc or circle from which you
want to draw the tangent line.
2.
A tangent line appears from the selected point. Click to
set the length, or enter the length in the Inspector Bar.
3.
Move the cursor to set the line angle, or enter the angle
in the Inspector Bar.
Tangent Line of Fixed Length
By default, Tangent to Arc creates a line from the start
point, ending at the tangent object. To fix the length of the
line, enter the length in the Inspector Bar and lock it, but do
not press Enter. When you move the cursor, the line length
remains constant.
Select the tangent object, close to the point of tangency. The
fixed-length tangent line is created.
Tangent from Arc
Creates a tangent line from an arc, circle, or ellipse.
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To switch the side of the tangent line, pass the cursor through
the tangency point.
Tangent to 2 Arcs
Creates a line tangent to two arcs or circles.
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1.
Select one of the tangent objects - arc, circle, or ellipse.
2.
Select the second object.
2.
The tangent line extends from this object. To switch
the side of the line, pass the cursor through the point of
tangency. Adjust the line so that it is close to the
desired point of tangency.
3.
The shortest-distance line is created.
3.
Select the second tangent object, close to the point of
tangency. The tangent line is created.
Local menu options:
Through Point: Creates a line passing through a specified
point. The through point should only be specified for one of
the objects, otherwise a standard single line is created.
Minimal Distance
Creates the line representing the shortest distance between
two 2D objects. The objects must be on the same workplane.
1.
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Select the first object from which you want to draw the
shortest line.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
Double Line Properties
Double Lines have unique properties that you can set in the
Double Line tab of the Properties window.
Show beforehand displays the shortest line to an object
when you pass the cursor over it. This allows you to preview
the line before creating it.
Double Line
Tools for drawing double (parallel) lines and linear objects.
The Double Line tools are essentially similar to the Line
tools, but there are no tangent tools.
You can display the Double Line toolbar by right-clicking in
any toolbar area and selecting Double Line.
Separation: The distance between the lines. If you stretch or
scale a double line, this distance does not change.
Reference: Choose whether to draw the double line by its
center, or left or right side. Right and left sides are
determined by “facing” toward the start point. This setting
affects how the object is snapped, and where the nodes are
located when in the Edit Tool.
End Caps: Closes the endpoints of the double line.
NOTE: If you want to use double lines to create
representations of walls, there is a special tool for this
purpose. See "Wall Tools" on page 535.
End Cap at End
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Double Line: Polygon
End Cap at Start
Creates a regular (equal-length sides) double-line polygon.
For the interaction, see "Polygon" on page 140.
TIP: Another way to create end caps is to use the Edit Tool
(node editing), right-click on the end node and select Close
Double End. See "Edit Tool" on page 219.
Double Line: Single Line
Double Line: Irregular Polygon
Creates one double line. For the interaction, see "Single
Line" on page 138.
Creates a double-line polygon (closed) with irregular sides
and angles. For the interaction, see "Irregular Polygon" on
page 141.
Double Line: Polyline
Creates a series of connected straight double line segments
(no arc segments) that comprise one object. For the
interaction, see "Polyline" on page 138.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
Double Line: Rectangle
Double Line: Parallel
Creates an orthogonal double-line rectangle by defining two
diagonally opposite corners. For the interaction, see
"Rectangle" on page 142.
Creates a double line parallel to a existing line. For the
interaction, see "Parallel" on page 143.
Double Line: Rotated Rectangle
Multi Line
Tools for drawing multi lines and linear objects.
Creates a non-orthogonal double-line rectangle. For the
interaction, see "Rotated Rectangle" on page 142.
Multi Line objects consist of two or more parallel lines,
created as one object. The Multi Line tools are essentially
similar to the Line tools, except that there are no tangent
tools.
You can display the Multi Line toolbar by right-clicking in
any toolbar area and selecting Multi Line.
Double Line: Perpendicular
Creates a double line perpendicular to an existing line. For
the interaction, see "Perpendicular" on page 143.
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Multi Line Properties
Five pages of the Properties window contain options
relevant to Multi Lines.
Multiline Properties
General properties for multi lines:
Left Justification
Center Justification
Offset Scale: Controls the overall width of the multi line.
Justification: Sets the alignment of the multi line nodes.
Left and right are determined by “facing” toward the multi
line start point. No justification is the default; the line is
aligned to a zero offset, relative to the line offsets defined in
the Line Elements page.
Right Justification
Dash and line width scaling: Determines whether the width
of the multi lines will be scaled or will remain the same size
when zoomed. This setting also applies to the size of the
elements in the pen's dot-and-dash pattern.
No Justification
(Indicated line has zero offset)
• Device: The pen's width and pattern sizes are defined
in device units (the monitor or printer). If you zoom the
line width and pattern size will not change on the
screen.
• World: The pen's width and pattern sizes are defined
in by the drawing spaces units. If you zoom the line
width and pattern size will change in accordance with
the zoom factor.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
• Device Width: The pen's pattern size is defined by the
drawing spaces units, and pen's width is defined in
device units (the monitor or printer). If you zoom the
line patterns size will change, but the pen width size
will not change.
Offset: For each line, define its offset value. Use Add to
create new lines, Delete to remove lines.
Line Elements Properties
Properties for each line comprising the multi line.
Start Cap and End Cap Properties
Start and end caps are used to close the ends of the multiline.
The options are the same for start caps and end caps.
Pattern: Select a pattern (continuous, dashed, etc.) for each
line, or select By Layer or By Block. The exact look of each
pattern depends on the setting of Dash scale and width on
the Multiline page.
Dash Scale: The scale of the dot-and-dash pattern.
Color: Select a color for each pen. By Layer and By Block
are available.
Width: Specify the width of each line. Zero width means
one screen pixel, and will print at one unit of the printer's
available resolution (a 300 dots-per-inch printer will print a
zero width line at 1/300".)
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For Pattern, Dash Scale, Color, and Width, see "Line
Elements Properties" on page 151.
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Shape: Options for creating the start / end cap. They can be
used in combination. Inner Arc closes the lines adjacent to
the outer lines, if there are four or more total lines.
End Cap - Line, Outer Cap, and Inner Cap
End Cap - Line
Angle: Sets the angle of the cap, relative to the direction of
the multiline. The default value is 90 degrees.
End Cap - Angle = 90
End Cap - Outer Arc
End Cap - Angle = 60
End Cap - Inner Arc
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
Joints Properties
Multi Line: Single Line
Use joints to show breaks at each multi line segment.
Creates one multi line. For the interaction, see "Single Line"
on page 138.
Multi Line: Polyline
Creates a series of connected straight multi line segments (no
arc segments) that comprise one object. For the interaction,
see "Polyline" on page 138.
For Pattern, Dash Scale, Color, and Width, see "Line
Elements Properties" on page 151.
Show: Choose to show or hide the joints.
Multi Line: Polygon
Creates a regular (equal-length sides) multi line polygon. For
the interaction, see "Polygon" on page 140.
NOTE: Multilines can be used to trim objects, and can be
trimmed themselves. However when trimming multilines you
need to click near the center line of the trimmed multiline.
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Multi Line: Irregular Polygon
Multi Line: Rotated Rectangle
Creates a multi line polygon (closed) with irregular sides and
angles. For the interaction, see "Irregular Polygon" on page
141.
Creates a non-orthogonal multi line rectangle. For the
interaction, see "Rotated Rectangle" on page 142.
Multi Line: Perpendicular
Multi Line: Rectangle
Creates an orthogonal multi line rectangle by defining two
diagonally opposite corners. For the interaction, see
"Rectangle" on page 142.
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Creates a multi line perpendicular to an existing line. For the
interaction, see "Perpendicular" on page 143.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
Multi Line: Parallel
Circle: Concentric
Creates a multi line parallel to a existing line. For the
interaction, see "Parallel" on page 143.
Creates circles that share a centerpoint.
Circle / Ellipse
1.
Select a centerpoint for the circles.
2.
Size the first circle, or enter the radius, diameter, or
circumference in the Inspector Bar.
3.
Create the second circle the same way.
4.
Create more circles as needed.
5.
Finish by selecting Finish from the local menu or
Inspector Bar, or press Alt+F.
Tools for drawing circles and ellipses.
You can display the Circle/Ellipse toolbar by right-clicking
in any toolbar area and selecting Circle/Ellipse.
Circle: Center and Point
Creates a circle by defining its center and a point on its
circumference.
1.
2.
Select the circle centerpoint. Move the cursor to size
the circle.
Click to create the circle, or enter the radius, diameter,
or circumference in the Inspector Bar.
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Circle: Double Point
The circle will be created from the point you selected
on the tangent object.
Creates a circle by defining two endpoints of its diameter.
1.
Select a point on the circle circumference.
3.
2.
Select the point on the opposite end of the diameter
line, or enter the radius, diameter or circumference,
and angle of the diameter line in the Inspector Bar.
Circle: Tangent to Arc
Creates a circle tangent to an arc, circle, or ellipse.
1.
Select the existing arc, circle, or ellipse to which you
want the circle to be tangent.
2.
Select the centerpoint of the circle, or enter the radius,
diameter, or circumference in the Inspector Bar. (If you
use the Inspector Bar and then press Enter, you will not
be able to reposition the circle.)
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Move the mouse to position the circle, either inside or
outside the tangent object.
Circle: Tangent to Line
Creates a circle tangent to a line.
1.
Select the existing line to which you want the circle to
be tangent.
2.
Select the centerpoint of the circle, or enter the radius,
diameter, or circumference in the Inspector Bar. (If you
use the Inspector Bar and then press Enter, you will not
be able to reposition the circle.)
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
The circle will be created from the point you selected
on the line.
3.
Move the mouse to position the circle, on either side of
the line.
3.
Select the third point.
Circle: Tangent to 3 Arcs
Creates a circle tangent to three arcs or circles. You can
specify whether the existing arcs will be inside or outside the
new circle.
1.
Circle: Triple Point
If the object is clicked slightly outside, an
outward-pointing arrow appears.
Creates a circle that passes through three points.
1.
Select the first point on the circumference.
2.
Select the second point.
Select the first tangent object. Click slightly outside
the object to keep it outside the new circle. Click inside
if you want the tangent object to be inside the new
circle.
2.
Select the second tangent object.
If the object is clicked slightly
inward-pointing arrow appears.
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inside,
an
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3.
Select the third object. The tangent circle is created.
3.
Select the third tangent object. The tangent circle is
created.
Circle: Tangent to Entities
Local menu option:
Creates a circle tangent to three objects (rectangles,
polygons, arcs, etc.)
1.
Through point: Makes the circle pass through a specific
point. In the example below, a vertex of the polygon was
selected, rather than the polygon itself.
Select the first tangent object.
Tangent Circle of Fixed Size
2.
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Select the second tangent object.
By default, Tangent to Entities creates a circle that touches
three objects. To fix the size of the circle, enter the radius,
diameter, or circumference in the Inspector Bar and lock it,
but do not press Enter. When you move the cursor, the circle
size remains constant.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
Select the second tangent object, close to the point of
tangency.
The fixed-sized tangent circle is created.
2.
Move the mouse to set the length and angle of the
major axis, or enter the major axis length and angle in
the Inspector Bar.
3.
Set the length of the minor axis, which is always
perpendicular to the major axis. You can also enter the
axis length in the Inspector Bar.
Ellipse Fixed Ratio
Ellipse
Creates an ellipse by defining a bounding rectangle for the
ellipse. The axes of the ellipse will be orthogonal.
1.
Select the first corner of the bounding rectangle.
2.
Define the diagonally opposed corner of the bounding
rectangle, or enter the major and minor axis lengths in
the Inspector Bar.
Creates an ellipse by specifying its aspect ratio - the ratio of
the major axis to the minor axis. The axes of the ellipse are
orthogonal.
1.
Enter the aspect ratio in the a:b ratio field on the
Inspector Bar. (Lock this value if you want to repeat it
later, otherwise the field reverts back to the default.)
2.
Select the centerpoint of the ellipse.
3.
Move the mouse to size the ellipse.
Rotated Ellipse
a:b = 0.5
Creates a tilted ellipse.
1.
Select the centerpoint of the ellipse.
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2.
A dotted line appears from the centerpoint. Move the
cursor to set the arc start angle, or enter the angle in the
Inspector Bar.
3.
Move the cursor counterclockwise to draw the arc, or
enter the end angle or arc length in the Inspector Bar.
a:b = 2.0
TIP: The fixed ratio for an “IsoCircle” (an isometric circle on a
cube) is 1.73 (the square root of 3).
Arc
Most of the Arc tools are identical to Circle/Ellipse tools.
After the initial circle is created, the arc is cut from it by
defining the start and end angles.
You can display the Arc toolbar by right-clicking in any
toolbar area and selecting Arc.
Arc: Concentric
Start and end angles can be changed with the Edit Tool (node
editing). See "Changing Start and End Angles" on page 226.
Arc: Center and Radius
Creates arcs that share the same centerpoint.
1.
Create the first arc by selecting the centerpoint, then
moving the mouse and clicking to define its size. You
can also enter the radius, diameter, or circumference in
the Inspector Bar.
2.
A dotted line appears from the centerpoint. Move the
cursor to set the arc start angle, or enter the angle in the
Inspector Bar.
Creates an arc by defining its center, a point on its
circumference, and the start and end angles.
1.
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Select the arc centerpoint and a point on the
circumference of the circle from which the arc will be
cut. You can also specify the radius, diameter, or
circumference in the Inspector Bar.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
3.
Move the cursor counterclockwise to draw the arc, or
enter the end angle or arc length in the Inspector Bar.
Arc: Double Point
Creates an arc by defining two endpoints of its diameter.
4.
5.
6.
Create the next arc the same way. The centerpoint is
already defined, you just need to define the size, and
start and end angles.
1.
Select a point on the circumference of the circle from
which the arc will be cut.
2.
Select the point on the opposite end of the diameter
line, or enter the radius, diameter or circumference,
and angle of the diameter line in the Inspector Bar.
3.
A dotted line appears from the centerpoint. Move the
cursor to set the arc start angle, or enter the angle in the
Inspector Bar.
4.
Move the cursor counterclockwise to draw the arc, or
enter the end angle or arc length in the Inspector Bar.
Repeat these steps to draw multiple concentric arcs.
Double-click to finish, select Finish from the local
menu or Inspector Bar, or press Alt+F.
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Arc: Tangent to Arc
4.
A dotted line appears from the centerpoint. Move the
cursor to set the arc start angle, or enter the angle in the
Inspector Bar.
5.
Move the cursor counterclockwise to draw the arc, or
enter the end angle or arc length in the Inspector Bar.
Creates an arc tangent to an arc, circle, or ellipse.
1.
2.
Select the existing arc, circle, or ellipse to which you
want the arc to be tangent. The tangent circle, from
which the arc will be cut, extends from the point you
selected.
Select the centerpoint of the tangent circle, or enter the
radius, diameter, or circumference in the Inspector Bar.
(If you use the Inspector Bar and then press Enter, you
will not be able to reposition the circle.)
The circle will be created from the point you selected
on the tangent object.
Arc: Tangent to Line
3.
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Move the mouse to position the circle, either inside or
outside the tangent object.
Creates an arc tangent to a line.
1.
Select the existing line to which you want the arc to be
tangent. The tangent circle, from which the arc will be
cut, extends from the point you selected.
2.
Select the centerpoint of the circle, or enter the radius,
diameter, or circumference in the Inspector Bar. (If you
use the Inspector Bar and then press Enter, you will not
be able to reposition the circle.)
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
The circle will be created from the point you selected
on the line.
Arc: Start / Included / End
Creates an arc by defining the start point, a point on the arc,
and the endpoint.
3.
4.
Move the mouse to position the circle, on either side of
the line.
A dotted line appears from the centerpoint. Move the
cursor to set the arc start angle, or enter the angle in the
Inspector Bar.
1.
Select the start point.
2.
Select a point through which the arc will pass.
3.
Select the endpoint.
Arc: Start / End / Included
Creates an arc by defining the start point, the endpoint, and a
point on the arc.
5.
Move the cursor counterclockwise to draw the arc, or
enter the end angle or arc length in the Inspector Bar.
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1.
Select the start point.
2.
Select the endpoint.
3.
Select a point through which the arc will pass.
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Arc: Tangent to 3 Arcs
4.
A dotted line appears from the centerpoint. Move the
cursor to set the arc start angle, or enter the angle in the
Inspector Bar.
5.
Move the cursor counterclockwise to draw the arc, or
enter the end angle or arc length in the Inspector Bar.
Creates an arc tangent to three arcs or circles. You can
specify whether the existing arcs will be inside or outside the
new arc.
1.
Select the first tangent object. Click slightly outside
the object to keep it outside the new circle. Click inside
if you want the tangent object to be inside the new
circle.
If the object is clicked slightly outside, an
outward-pointing arrow appears.
2.
Select the second tangent object.
If the object is clicked slightly
inward-pointing arrow appears.
inside,
an
Arc: Tangent to Entities
Creates an arc tangent to three objects (rectangles, polygons,
arcs, etc.)
3.
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Select the third object. The tangent circle is created.
The arc will be cut from this circle.
1.
Select the first tangent object.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
2.
Select the second tangent object.
Local menu option:
Through point: Makes the tangent circle pass through a
specific point. In the example below, the line endpoint was
selected, rather than the line itself.
3.
Select the third tangent object.
Tangent Arc of Fixed Size
By default, Tangent to Entities creates a circle that touches
three objects, and the arc is cut from this circle. To fix the
size of the circle, enter the radius, diameter, or circumference
in the Inspector Bar and lock it, but do not press Enter. When
you move the cursor, the circle size remains constant.
The tangent circle is created. The arc will be cut from
this circle.
4.
A dotted line appears from the centerpoint. Move the
cursor to set the arc start angle, or enter the angle in the
Inspector Bar.
Select the second tangent object, close to the point of
tangency.
5.
Move the cursor counterclockwise to draw the arc, or
enter the end angle or arc length in the Inspector Bar.
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The fixed-sized tangent circle is created.
4.
Move the cursor to either side of the arc to determine
the arc segment that will remain.
Arc: Tangent to 2 Entities
Creates an arc tangent to two objects - lines, arcs, circles, or
ellipses. You can select the arc segment that will remain on
either side of the tangent points.
1.
Select the first tangent object, close to the point of
tangency.
2.
Select the second tangent object, close to the point of
tangency.
3.
Size the circle with the mouse; the arc will be cut from
this circle. Or enter the radius, diameter, or
circumference in the Inspector Bar.
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Tangent Arc of Fixed Size
By default, Tangent to 2 Entities creates the smallest circle
that touches two objects, and the arc is cut from this circle.
To fix the size of the circle, enter the radius, diameter, or
circumference in the Inspector Bar and lock it, but do not
press Enter. When you move the cursor, the circle size
remains constant.
Select the second tangent object.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
The fixed-sized tangent circle, then arc, is created.
Arc: Rotated Elliptical
Creates a tilted elliptical arc.
1.
Select the centerpoint of the ellipse.
2.
Move the mouse to set the length and angle of the
major axis, or enter the major axis length and angle in
the Inspector Bar.
3.
Set the length of the minor axis, which is always
perpendicular to the major axis. You can also enter the
axis length in the Inspector Bar.
4.
A dotted line appears from the centerpoint. Move the
cursor to set the arc start angle, or enter the angle in the
Inspector Bar.
5.
Move the cursor counterclockwise to draw the arc, or
enter the end angle or arc length in the Inspector Bar.
Arc: Elliptical
Creates an elliptical arc by defining a bounding rectangle for
the ellipse. The axes of the ellipse will be orthogonal.
1.
Select the first corner of the bounding rectangle.
2.
Define the diagonally opposite corner of the bounding
rectangle, or enter the major and minor axis lengths in
the Inspector Bar.
3.
4.
A dotted line appears from the centerpoint. Move the
cursor to set the arc start angle, or enter the angle in the
Inspector Bar.
Move the cursor counterclockwise to draw the arc, or
enter the end angle or arc length in the Inspector Bar.
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Arc: Elliptical Fixed Ratio
5.
Move the cursor counterclockwise to draw the arc, or
enter the end angle or arc length in the Inspector Bar.
Creates an elliptical arc by specifying its aspect ratio - the
ratio of the major axis to the minor axis. The axes of the
ellipse are orthogonal.
1.
Enter the aspect ratio in the a:b ratio field on the
Inspector Bar. (If you want to repeat this value later
then lock it, otherwise the field reverts back to the
default.)
2.
Select the centerpoint of the ellipse.
3.
Move the mouse to size the ellipse.
Curves
Tools for drawing splines, Bezier curves, sketches, and
revision clouds.
You can display the Curve toolbar by right-clicking in any
toolbar area and selecting Curve.
Curve Properties
Curve properties can be set on the Curves page of the
Properties window.
a:b = 0.5
a:b = 2.0
4.
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A dotted line appears from the centerpoint. Move the
cursor to set the arc start angle, or enter the angle in the
Inspector Bar.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
Number of segments between adjacent control points:
Curves are composed of many small line segments drawn
between control points. A high number of segments will
yield a smoother curve; a low number will make the curve
appear more jointed.
High number of segments
• Show additional control points: Additional control
points will be displayed when Edit Node mode is
active (see "Edit Tool" on page 219 and "Editing
Splines and Bezier Curves" on page 227). This also
enables the Keep the Curve Smooth option.
Regular control points in Edit Node mode
Additional control points in Edit Node mode
Low number of segments
Curve Type: Choose whether the curve is drawn as a Bezier
curve or Spline. Bezier curves intersect the control points;
spline curves gravitate toward the control points but do not
intersect them (this option creates a Spline by Control
Points rather than Spline by Fit Points).
• Keep the curve smooth: If checked, the additional
control points at each node remain linear, so that no
sharp corners can be created at a node. If not checked,
you can move each additional node independently.
Keep Curves Smooth - additional nodes remain linear
Bezier Curve
Spline Curve
Keep Curves Smooth disabled
Bezier Curve Options: If the curve is a Bezier curve, the
following options are available:
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The three curves will be shown for this series of points:
WARNING: Modifying tools such as Split or Trim may alter a
curve drastically, because the curve loses the influence of
deleted control points.
Spline Curve Options: The degree value (n) creates a spline
of n-th order, which affects the spline smoothness.
Show Frame: If checked, a polyline frame will be displayed
connecting the curve's control points. This provides visual
feedback about how the curve is drawn.
Select the control points in the desired order. You can also
enter the length and angle between points in the Inspector
Bar. After selecting the last point, select Finish from the
local menu or press Alt+F. You can also double-click the last
point.
Splines and Bezier Curves
These three tools each use a series of points to create a curve.
Spline by Control Points
Spline by Control Points
Spline by Fit Points
Bezier
For Spline by Control Points, the points act as a guide for
the curve; the spline does not actually pass through all of the
points. For Spline by Fit Points and Bezier, the curve does
pass through each point. These two tools produce similar
results; the main difference is the algorithm behind them, and
how they are edited.
Spline by Fit Points
Bezier
NOTE: To create splines in 3D, see "3D Spline by Control
Points" on page 386 and "3D Spline by Fit Points" on page
387.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
If you want to close the curve, select Close from the local
menu instead of Finish.
2.
As long as the tool is still active, you can continue
drawing new curves.
Revision Cloud
Closed Spline by Control Points
Creates uniform revision clouds. These are most commonly
used in Paper Space, but the tool is available in Model Space
as well.
1.
Before selecting the start point, select Number of
segments from the local menu. The default number is
1, and each segment consists of two arcs.
2.
Select the start and endpoints of the first segment.
3.
Continue selecting points for more segments.
4.
When finished, select Finish (Alt+F) from the local
menu, or select Close (Alt+C) to join the endpoints.
Closed Spline by Fit Points
Once created, you can use the Edit Tool to change the shape
of a spline and add knots. See "Editing Splines and Bezier
Curves" on page 227.
TIP: You can change a spline into a Bezier curve, and
vice-versa, by opening the Properties window and editing the
Curves page. If you change a Bezier curve into a spline, it will
be a Spline by Control Points. You can also convert 2D
objects into a Bezier curve - see "Convert to Curve" on page
250.
Sketch
Creates a freehand drawing.
1.
Press and hold the mouse button to draw a freehand
curve. Release the mouse when finished.
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Gear Contour
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
NOTE: You can display the Special Tools toolbar by
right-clicking in any toolbar area and selecting Special Tools.
You can insert files, pictures, and OLE objects. These tools
can be accessed from the Insert menu, or from the Insert
toolbar, displayed by right-clicking in any toolbar area and
selecting Insert.
Inserting a File
Creates the outline for a toothed gear.
When the tool is invoked, the Gear Parameters window
appears:
Enter the number of teeth and other physical parameters. You
can create the contour as one polyline, or as separate
polylines.
Click OK to create the contour.
Inserts a TurboCAD (or other CAD format) file into the
current drawing.
Select the type of file you want to import from the List Files
of the Type drop-down list. See "Importing and Exporting
Files" on page 24.
The complete contents of the file will be inserted into your
drawing, alongside any existing objects. If the inserted file
contains blocks, the Add Blocks window will appear (see
"Inserting Blocks from Another File" on page 293.)
NOTE: The contents of the inserted file are embedded, not
linked. See "Embedded and Linked OLE Objects" on page
177.
Inserting Objects from Other
Files
Inserting Partial Data from a File
You can insert data from external files into your TurboCAD
drawing. For example, you can insert a Word document or a
*.gif picture file, or even data from another TurboCAD (or
other CAD format) file.
Using Insert / File will insert all data from the selected CAD
file into your drawing. If you want to insert only selected
components of a file (layers, UCS, blocks, etc.), use File /
Extract From.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
The right side of the Open window contains a box in which
you can select what you want to add from the selected file.
Inserting a Picture
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
You can insert a picture from a file, from a list of images, or
as an OLE object. Inserting pictures is useful, for example, if
you have a picture of a site plan and want to create buildings
directly on it.
NOTE: To create a tracing of an inserted picture, see "Tracing"
on page 283.
For example, you can insert all objects (“graphics”) but omit
their properties or line style. Or you could insert a file’s
layers without the objects that they contain.
You can use File / Extract To to save only selected
components in your drawing to a *.tcw file. This is useful for
creating file templates.
As with inserting any object, the picture will be inserted “on
top” of existing objects. To adjust the object stack, you can
use the Bring to Front and Send to Back tools. See
"Stacking Objects" on page 248.
The Image toolbar can be opened by right-clicking on any
toolbar area and selecting Image.
Override data: If any items with the same name are found
in the target file, they will be replaced by the items in the
source file.
Mark dependencies: Automatically selects items on which
other items depend. For example, if you select Layers, then
Print Styles, Brush Styles, Line Styles, and Properties will
also be selected, because these are all items defined for a
specific layer. Similarly, if you select Print Styles, then
Properties will also be selected.
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NOTE: Nearly all graphic formats are raster images, meaning
they are composed of dots. Even when reading vector
formats, such as *.wmf, the image is converted into a raster
format for TurboCAD purposes.
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Image Manager
Properties: Opens the Image Visualization Properties
window, which is useful for setting the image quality for
large images.
Enables you to manipulate all the raster images in the current
drawing.
You can insert files directly from this window using From
Image List.
• OpenGL: Limits image output to the maximum
OpenGL texture size (1024x1024 is supported by most
hardware), and resizes image to a square view. For
example, a 400 x 300 image will be resized to 512 x
512, thereby losing accuracy. As you increase the
zoom, the image may become blurry.
The toolbar at the top of the window can be used to change
the image list as thumbnails, list, or detailed list.
Image List: Lists all images inserted into the drawing. The
list can be sorted by name, status, or path. To edit a name,
select it and then click it again. You can then enter the new
name.
New: Adds a new image file to the list.
Delete: Deletes an image file from the list.
Embed: Saves the image file in the drawing as an embedded
object, and not as a reference to an external file.
Unload: Unloads image data from work memory.
• GDI+: Supports large images without resizing,
maintaining high accuracy. Not all hardware can
render this way efficiently, so this method may be
slower than OpenGL.
• Filtering quality: Controls scaled or rotated images.
Nearest point: The pixel with coordinates nearest to
the desired pixel value is used, resulting in a set of
large squares when viewed closely.
Bilinear: A weighted average of a 2 × 2 area of pixels
surrounding the desired pixel is used. This is the most
common filtering algorithm, adding smoothness in
large scales.
Trilinear: A more exact extension of Bilinear and is
practically indiscernible. But it is unsupported with
OpenGL.
Reload: Reloads image into work memory.
NOTE: These parameters are not file-specific; they affect
visualization of all images in all TurboCAD files.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
Inserting a Picture from a File
Using this tool you can insert any type of graphic - *.gif,
*.jpg, etc. The file is embedded and the picture itself cannot
be edited. You can, however, select it and perform any of the
Select Edit commands (see "Select Edit" on page 198).
Inserting a Picture as an OLE Object
Inserts a picture as a linked OLE object. This means that the
picture can be edited in its source application and all changes
will be reflected in the TurboCAD drawing as well. File
types that are allowed for OLE insertion are *.wmf
(Windows metafile) and *.dib (device-independent bitmap).
1.
Select Insert / Picture / as Object and browse to
select the desired picture.
All inserted files are listed in the Image Manager.
1.
Change the workplane, if necessary. The picture will
be inserted onto the current workplane (though it can
be moved later).
TIP: You can also drag the file into the drawing from Windows
explorer.
2.
Select Insert / Picture / From File and browse to
select the desired picture.
2.
The picture is inserted in its original size. You can
resize, move, or rotate it by using the Select Edit tools.
3.
Select two points to determine the size of the inserted
picture. Use the local menu option Keep Aspect Ratio
if you want to maintain the picture’s proportional size.
3.
To edit the picture, you can double-click on it to open
it in its source application.
To select a previously inserted picture, click along an edge
instead of inside the picture.
Clipping Images
NOTE: The first point you select corresponds to the upper-left
corner of the picture.
Enables you to use a border to clip a raster image.
4.
You can move, rotate, or scale the picture using any of
the Select Edit tools.
Inserting a Picture from a List of Images
1.
Select the image you want to clip.
2.
Select the new image outline. The image will be
clipped to the outline.
Invokes the Image Manager, from which you can select a
picture to insert. See "Image Manager" on page 174.
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The image still retains its original size, even if it is not fully
displayed. Therefore, you can clip it again using larger
borders.
Image Properties
You can view certain properties of all currently inserted
picture by selecting an image and opening its Properties
(see "Object Properties" on page 79) to the Image page.
Inserting an OLE Object
Enables you to insert OLE objects from other Windows
applications. You can edit an OLE object from within
TurboCAD using the features and commands of the
Windows application in which the object was created (the
source application). For example, you can insert a Microsoft
Word application into your drawing and edit the text or
graphics using Microsoft Word tools.
1.
Select Insert / Object, and the Insert Object window
appears.
Create New: Inserts an OLE object from another
application. Select the application from the list of all
applications found on your system. The object will appear in
the drawing. The object is editable in its source application.
The toolbar at the top of the window can be used to change
the image list as thumbnails, list, or detailed list.
Show Image: Shows or hides the images.
Show Clipped: Uncheck to hide the clipping contour and
show the original image. Check the box to show a clipped
image.
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Create from File: Inserts an object from another application
that has already been created in its source application. Enter
the path and name of the file, or click Browse to find it. Click
Link if you want it linked to its original file (see "Embedded
and Linked OLE Objects" on page 177).
Display as Icon: Places an icon representing the object into
the drawing.
TIP: You can also drag the file into the drawing via Windows
Explorer.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
Embedded and Linked OLE Objects
OLE objects that you insert can be either linked or
embedded.
• Embedded objects become an integral part of your
file, and take up more space in the file than a linked
object. Embedded objects will move with the file if
you transfer it. If you make changes to the OLE
object’s source file, these changes will not affect the
embedded object.
• Linked objects are references to the file on which they
were based, and they retain their connection to that
file. If you make changes to the OLE object’s source
file, the changes will affect the linked object.
If you plan to use multiple copies of an OLE object,
using links will reduce your file size.
Linked objects are referenced by their path. If you move the
TurboCAD file, you will need to move all linked objects as
well. If you move the source file of a linked object to another
folder, Windows will not be able to locate the file, and you
will need to edit the link.
WARNING: Norton AntiVirus Script Blocking can cause
problems with OLE. For example, Microsoft Word documents
are inserted as a picture, not a Word document.
Paste Special
Enables you to choose how to insert (paste) into your
drawing an object that was previously cut (Ctrl+X) or copied
(Ctrl+C) to the clipboard. The object on the clipboard can be
from TurboCAD, or it can come from another application.
The options available in the Paste Special window depend
on the type of object in the clipboard, and the object’s source
application. For example, if there is a Microsoft Word
document on the clipboard, you can paste it as:
• Word Document: Inserts as an OLE object which you
can edit within TurboCAD using the Microsoft Word
application.
• Picture: Inserts as an image
• Text: Inserts as a TurboCAD text object.
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When inserting an object as OLE, select Paste Link to link
the object to its source file or Paste to embed the object
(break the link with the source file). Check Display As Icon
to insert the OLE object as an icon. You can then click
Change Icon to select another icon.
NOTE: Only two types of data can be inserted into TurboCAD
as an editable TurboCAD drawing object: text (inserted as a
TurboCAD text object), and TurboCAD drawing objects that
have been copied to the clipboard from TurboCAD. All other
clipboard objects will be pasted either as OLE objects or as
pictures (either bitmaps or metafiles).
Editing Inserted OLE Objects
Edits an OLE object in its source application.
1.
Select an OLE object in your drawing. This object may
appear as a document or a bitmap, or it may appear as
an icon, depending on the options you chose when you
inserted the OLE object.
2.
Double-click on the object to open it for editing.
Editing Links to OLE Objects
You can set each linked object so that the update happens
automatically, or so that the update must be done manually.
Links box: contains all the links in the active drawing. You
can highlight multiple links by pressing Shift or Ctrl.
Update Option: Sets whether the selected links are updated
automatically or manually.
Update Now: Updates the current link. This is how to update
sink that are set to update manually.
Open Source: Opens the file in its source application. This
also enables you to compare the linked object to the source
file.
Change Source: Enables you to choose a new source for the
object. Once the object is linked to the new file, its contents
will change to match the new file.
Break Link: Terminates the link between the object and its
source file (embeds the object). It is still an OLE object, but
changes to it no longer affect the source file and vice-versa.
Breaking the link also affects the size (in bytes) of your
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drawing, since the embedded object contains its own copy of
the data in the object, while the linked object contains only a
reference to the object.
2.
The Define Hyperlink appears.
Hyperlinks
Hotkey: Ctrl+H
A hyperlink is attached to an object in your drawing, and
enables you to jump to a specified file (for example, a
drawing or text document) on your hard disk or company
network, or to open a URL.
Another example of hyperlink usage is to display pictures of
certain items, such as a bracket or fastener. You can create a
hyperlink to a *.jpg or *.gif file that will appear in the
Internet Palette when clicked with the Pick Hyperlink tool.
You can also display text or spreadsheet files to provide
descriptions of the clicked object.
NOTE: You can also assign and edit a hyperlink via the
General tab of an object’s Properties (see "General
Properties" on page 81).
1.
Place the cursor over the desired object. The cursor
will be shaped like a screen. (If a hyperlink has already
been defined for the object, the cursor will be shaped
like a hand.).
Hyperlink Name: Assigns a name (alias) to the hyperlink.
Named Location: Opens the hyperlinked file to a specific
location, such as a named view. If you use a named view as
the hyperlink, that view will be shown when the hyperlink is
opened.
Based Path: Displays the default base path for all relative
path hyperlinks in the current drawing.
File Path or Web: The location of a desired file on your disk
or company network, or a URL. You can browse for either
files or websites.
Go To: Invokes the target referenced by the hyperlink. If the
target is a TurboCAD file, that file will open in another
window. A *.doc file will open in Microsoft Word, and a
URL will open in the Internet Palette.
NOTE: The Internet Palette opens automatically if Auto
Activate is checked on the Palettes page of the Customize
window.
Set Path: Relative and Absolute are available if a file path
or web address is provided. A relative path is relative to the
path to the active drawing.
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Chapter 5 Inserting Objects
Name and Path or Address: Displays a list of hyperlinks
used in the current drawing. To use any of these hyperlinks
for the selected object, double-click the hyperlink's Name
field.
Clear Constructions: Deletes all constructions or a selected
construction from the drawing. In Paper Space, only
constructions added in Paper Space will be deleted. See
"Construction Geometry" on page 121.
Use Default Browser: Uses the default Internet browser
installed on your computer.
Organizational Chart
Local menu options:
Edit the Hyperlink: Use this option on an object that
already has a defined hyperlink. This opens the Define
Hyperlink window, in which you can change any
parameters of the link.
Open the Hyperlink: Brings up the defined hyperlink.
Use Default Browser: Uses the default web browser
installed on your computer.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
The Organizational Chart wizard is a separate module of
TurboCAD that allows you to create organizational charts
simply by entering text into an outline. The chart is created
as a *.csv (comma-separated value) file, which can be read
as a spreadsheet.
1.
In the first page of the wizard, choose whether to open
an existing *.csv file or to create a new one.
2.
The second page of the wizard is where you enter or
edit the chart data. The title and each item in the chart
can have up to three lines of text (Text 2, and Text 3
fields and tabs), and for each entry in the chart you can
specify text alignment, box shape, etc.
Deleting Objects
The simplest way to delete objects is to select them and press
the Delete key.
The Clear menu also contains options for clearing (deleting)
objects:
Clear Selection: Deletes all selected objects.
Clear All: Deletes all objects in the active Model Space or
Paper Space. Other spaces are not affected, but using Clear
All in Model Space will leave viewports in Paper Space
empty.
WARNING: Clear All deletes objects even on layers that are
locked and not visible. To delete only visible, unlocked objects,
use Select All and the Delete key.
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TIP: The format of each item is taken by default from the
format of the title (but can be changed). If you want the entire
chart to have a particular format, change the settings while the
Title field is still activated. Similarly, the format of a child item
takes the format of its parent.
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• Use these icons to add a new item directly below
(Create Sibling) or in one level (Create Child) from
the selected item. The “trash can” icon deletes a
selected item.
• Use these arrows to adjust the hierarchical levels of
existing items. You can also drag an item over another
item to create a parent-child relationship.
• Use these arrows to change the order of items.
3.
In the last page of the wizard, set the chart orientation
and separator line properties.
4.
Finally, choose whether to insert the chart into the
drawing, and whether to save it.
WARNING: If you do not save your chart, you will not be able
to edit it later in the wizard.
The inserted chart is not one single object, rather it is
composed of standard TurboCAD drawing objects. Each
item is a group that can be exploded into its component parts.
You can edit and redesign your chart using any of the
geometric editing tools.
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6 Selecting and Transforming Objects
This section covers selecting, moving, copying, rotating, and
scaling objects, both 2D and 3D.
Selecting Objects
To select objects, you must be in Select mode. You can
access this by selecting Edit / Select, or by clicking the
Select icon.
For any selected object or group of objects, you can view and
access some properties in the Selection Info Palette. See
"Selection Info Palette" on page 191.
TIP: You can use the Design Director to select all objects that
reside on a particular layer or sit on a particular workplane,
select lights, etc. See "Design Director" on page 125.
2D / 3D Selector
TIP: You can also access Select mode by pressing the Space
Bar.
The way objects appear when selected, and the options for
editing them, depend on whether they are selected as 2D or
3D objects. This is controlled by the 2D or 3D Selector.
• To select multiple objects, keep the Shift key pressed
while selecting.
Usage of the 2D Selector can be set in the Selector
Properties window. This can be opened by right-clicking
anywhere while in Select mode, and selecting Selector 2D
Properties from the local menu. (If the 3D Selector is active,
the local menu item will be Selector 3D Properties.)
• To deselect an object from a selected group,
Shift-select it again.
You can also click the icon on the Inspector Bar to open the
Selector Properties.
• To select a single object, click on it.
• To select all objects, use Select All or use Ctrl+A.
• When a group of objects is selected, press Ctrl to select
one of the objects in the group. You can edit just this
one object, and when you are finished, click outside
the group. The previously selected group is once again
selected.
While working, you can easily switch between 2D and 3D
Selector Mode, without having to open the Selector
Properties window. Simply click the Toggle 2D/3D icon on
the Inspector Bar.
Four hotkeys are also available for selecting:
• F6 selects the first object created. Pressing F6
repeatedly will select subsequent objects in the order
they were created.
• F7 selects the last object created. Pressing F7
repeatedly will select subsequent objects in reverse
creation order.
• Shift+F6 selects multiple objects. Starting with one
object, subsequently created objects are added to the
selection set.
• Shift+F7 selects multiple objects. Starting with one
object, previously created objects are added to the
selection set.
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General
Selector 2D
Controls how 2D and 3D objects are selected, and what
transformation fields appear in the Inspector Bar.
Options for 2D selection and fields in the Inspector Bar.
2D Mode for Model and Paper Space: Treats all objects as
if they are 2D, and only uses the 2D selection rectangle. The
Inspector Bar contains transformation fields in X and Y only.
Shell Shape: Select None to make the selector shell
(bounding rectangle) invisible.
3D Mode for Model Space: Treats all objects as if they are
3D, and only uses the 3D selection box. The Inspector Bar
contains transformation fields in X, Y, and Z.
• Show Rotation Bars: If unchecked, the rotation bar is
not shown and is not accessible.
2D/3D Depending on Selected Object and Space Mode:
Treats objects differently; 2D objects are treated as 2D
objects and 3D objects are treated as 3D objects.
Manipulation Options:
• Link Selector Shell with Rotation Bar: If checked,
when you press Ctrl and move the rotation handle, the
selector shape will change accordingly.
Edit Properties: If this option is set double clicking on any
object with the selector will open it Properties dialog.
Edit Content (Geometry): If this option is set double
clicking on any object with the selector will set the object for
editing. For most objects the will be the equivalent of
activating the edit tool. For text double clicking will allow
you to edit the text content.
Link Selector Shell not checked
Customize: Allows you to specify how double clicking will
act for each class of objects.
Link Selector Shell checked
• Show Object while Dragging: Displays the selected
objects dynamically as they are transformed. If not
checked, only the selection shell is visible.
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Inspector Bar: Controls the 2D transformation fields that
appear on the Inspector Bar. See "Inspector Bar" on page 45.
NOTE: The 2D Selector always moves the UCS (workplane) to
the selection.
Selector 3D
Options for 3D selection, containing additional options for
selection boxes and Inspector Bar fields. Many of these
parameters are the same as for the Selector 2D page.
• Entity CS: Selector shell CS equals the CS of the
selected objects.
• User CS: Selector shell CS equals the CS of the
current workplane.
• World CS: Selector shell CS equals the world CS.
• View CS: Selector shell CS equals the CS of the plane
of the current view.
Inspector Bar: Sets the fields that appear in the Inspector
Bar (see "Inspector Bar" on page 45.)
• Scale and Size: X, Y, and Z fields.
• Position: Current location.
• Shift: Change in position.
• Rotation: Rotation from position
• Coordinate System: Sets the CS references in the
Position in Space fields.
When using the 3D Selector, the local menu and Inspector
Bar provide three options that do not appear when working
in 2D.
Shell Shape: Box is the default. The Sphere shell is useful
for visualizing rotation, but does not allow drag and drop
scaling. Select None to make the selector shell invisible.
• Set UCS by Selector: Moves the UCS origin to the
selection reference point.
Manipulation: Options for manipulating the display.
• Safe UCS Mode: Prevents changes to the current
workplane when you manipulate objects with the 3D
Selector. If unchecked, you will get a warning message
when using 3D Selector for 2D object replacement.
WARNING: Use this option with caution. Simply moving an
object along the same workplane will not change the
workplane, but rotating an object will change the workplane.
Extents CS: Sets the coordinate system (workplane) used by
the selector shell. Because these settings work in tandem
with other settings, their performance can become complex.
Careful study of the Extents CS and Coordinate system
parameters will help you understand this powerful tool.
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• Set Selector by UCS: Moves the selection to the UCS
origin (similar to the Format / Place on WorkPlane
option for 2D objects).
NOTE: The 2D Selector always moves the UCS (Workplane)
to the selection.
• Lock/Unlock Axis: Locks or unlocks a rotation bar.
Move the cursor to the end of the rotation bar you wish
to lock or unlock, and select Lock or Unlock Axis
from the local menu.
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• Auto select compound profile: When selecting
curves for a geometry tool, this option will enable you
to select smoothly connected chains of curves.
Draw any shape for selecting the objects. Turn the Open
Window Mode ‘On’ from local menu if it is ‘Off’. Then
click on ‘Finish’.
Using a Selection Window
You can select a group of objects by dragging a rectangle
around them. Click the first corner of the rectangle, keeping
the mouse button pressed, and drag the rectangle to the
opposite corner.
If you need to select objects using a shape other than a
rectangle, see "Select by Fence" on page 187.
If you draw the selection rectangle from right to left, all
objects completely or partially inside the fence will be
selected.
If you draw the selection rectangle from left to right, only
objects completely inside the fence will be selected.
Alternatively, same can be performed by clicking Edit /
Select By / Fence.
Alternatively, same can be performed by using Fence.
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Draw any shape for selecting the objects. Turn the Open
Window Mode ‘Off’ from local menu if it is ‘On’. Then
click on ‘Finish’
Press Shift to select a range of types from the list. Press Ctrl
select or deselect individual types.
Add to current selection: All objects selected by the match
will be added to any current selection in the drawing.
Select by Color
Hotkey: Ctrl+K
Select by Entity Type
Selects objects of specified colors.
By default, the color list contains all colors used by visible
objects in the drawing. The default list does not include
colors used by objects that are contained within groups and
blocks. See "Color Palette" on page 65.
Press Shift to select a range of colors from the list. Press Ctrl
select or deselect individual colors.
Recursive: Colors of objects contained within groups and
blocks are added to the color list. Because the color list needs
to be rebuilt, select this option before selecting colors.
Search with:
• Or: Objects that contain at least one of the highlighted
colors will be selected.
• Only: Objects that contain all of the highlighted
colors, and only those colors, will be selected.
• And: Objects that contain all of the highlighted colors
will be selected.
Selects objects of specified types.
Add to current selection: All objects selected by the color
match will be added to any current selection in the drawing.
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Select by Layer
Hotkey: Ctrl+L
The attribute text can contain the wildcard symbol - *. For
example, the attribute “Wall*” will select “Wall1,”
“Wall+Window” and WallBrick.” All characters that follow
the * symbol will be ignored.
Case sensitive: The search will distinguish between
uppercase and lowercase letters.
All Entities: Selects all objects that share the specified text
attribute.
Group names only: Selects only groups that share the
specified text attribute.
Selects objects that lie on specific layers (see "Layers" on
page 116).
Block names only: Selects only blocks that share the
specified block name - the name that is assigned to a block
while creating. The name of an inserted block is listed in the
Refers to field of the Properties window, Block Insertion
page.
Press Shift to select a range of layers from the list. Press Ctrl
select or deselect individual layers.
Text entities only: Select only text objects that share the
specified text attribute.
Add to current selection: All objects selected by the layer
match will be added to any current selection in the drawing.
NOTE: The attribute of a text object is the text string itself.
Select by Attribute
Hotkey: Ctrl+I
Exact match: Selects all attributes that exactly contain the
text in the Attribute field.
By string: Selects all attributes that contain the string in the
Attribute field.
Add to current selection: All objects selected by the
attribute match will be added to any current selection in the
drawing.
Selects objects that share the same text in their Attribute
fields. This field is on the General page of their Properties
window.
Type text in the Attribute field that exactly matches the
contents of the Attribute field of a set of objects, then click
OK to select the objects.
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Select by Fence
Select by Query
Selects a set of objects by drawing a closed polygonal
“fence” around them. See "Irregular Polygon" on page 141
for details on how to create the fence.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Hotkey: Ctrl+Q
If Open Window Mode is activated, all objects completely
or partially inside the fence will be selected.
If Open Window Mode is not activated, only objects
completely inside the fence will be selected.
Selects objects meeting a complex set of criteria. For
example, you can select all blue arcs or yellow dashed curves
on Layers 3 and 5. Query selection can be useful in large or
complicated drawings in which you need to filter through
numerous colors, layers, entity types, etc.
You can write a query manually in the edit box, if you know
the syntax rules. But it is recommended to use the tools in the
Selection by Query window.
NOTE: Query will not select individual objects that are
members of groups or blocks.
Query window: Contains the expression used to filter the
objects for selection. You can assemble the expressions via
the Criteria button, or you can enter them manually.
NOTE: The query text does not automatically wrap. Press
Enter to separate lines. Also, new criteria are inserted at the
end of the expression, regardless of cursor position. You can
cut and past text to correct the order.
And: Selects objects meeting all criteria.
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Or: Selects objects meeting any criteria.
Not: Selects objects that do not meet the specified criteria.
Parenthesis: Used for grouping elements of the expression.
Common Properties: Enables you to select from a list of
commonly-used properties. For example, you can select
objects that have certain brush colors, line widths, layers, etc.
Clear: Erases the current expression.
Parse Query: Tests the syntax of the query expression. If
there is an error in logic or format, an error message will
appear. You will also be notified if the query is sound.
NOTE: Parse Query only tests the logic of the query
expression. It does not test whether objects will be selected,
nor does it implement the query.
Query Criteria
The main elements of a query are names of object properties,
values of properties, and logical operations. Click the
Criteria button to start your query.
For example, If you click Brush Color, the Choose
Values window will have the list of all brush colors.
Check all the colors you want to include in the query.
All: Runs the query on all objects in the file.
Selection: Runs the query only on selected objects.
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At the bottom of the window, you can choose Any to
select all objects with these colors. If you choose
None, objects that have other colors will be selected.
This is how the brush color query looks in the
Selection by Query window.
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NOTE: Some properties do not have specific values or a list of
choices. For example, Solid Mode is a True / False choice.
Object Properties: Enables you to select objects that have
certain physical properties such as length or radius. For
example, arcs and circles can be selected by arc length,
circumference, radius, etc. Click Radius.
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Enter a Value and its Relative (equal, less than, greater
or equal, etc.). In this example, the query will select
arcs and circles with radii between 3 and 5 inches, or
equal to 10 inches.
This is how the radius value query looks in the
Selection by Query window.
Custom Properties: See "Custom Properties, Database, and
Reports" on page 624.
Then open the Common Properties, and right-click
on Height under Box. Select Add to Favorites.
To see where these favorites are listed, open Favorite
Properties.
The brush color and height properties are listed here.
Favorite Properties: Enables you to choose from a list of
queries you use often. You can add common properties and
object properties to the list of favorites.
For example, open the Common Properties, and
right-click on Brush Color. Select Add to Favorites.
To remove a property from the favorites list,
right-click on it and select Remove.
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Saving and Loading a Query
Selection Info Palette
If you want to use a query later, you can save it. Click Save
Query.
Displays information about the currently selected object or
objects, such as Properties (entity type, measurements,
location in the drawing), or Constraints.
NOTE: For details on using the Selection Info palette for 3D
objects, and to see part history, see "Editing 3D Objects using
Selection Info" on page 487.
Selection Info: Properties
Enter a name for the query and click Save.
This example consists of a rectangle, a circle, and a linear
dimension.
1.
Open the Selection Info palette to see the three objects
listed.
Then in the Selection by Query window, find the query
name in the Named Query List and click Insert.
TIP: The number of selected objects must be less than or
equal to Maximum Selection Info Entities, which is set in the
Program Defaults page of the TC Explorer Palette.
2.
In the Selection Info toolbar, click Highlighting, and
make sure Polyline is selected.
To change saved queries, click Edit List.
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This highlights the rectangle in the drawing window.
The new properties appear in the drawing area. (You
may have to turn off the Highlight icon in the toolbar
to see the changes.)
Conversely, if you select objects in the drawing area,
they will be highlighted in the Selection Info palette.
4.
To make some changes to the circle, click Select.
NOTE: If a group is selected, its objects will be listed under the
group name in a similar tree format.
3.
You can use this palette to change an object’s
properties. Highlight the circle, and the lower section
of the palette contains the categories of properties for
the circle. In this example, the color and line weight
were changed in the Pen category.
This invokes Select Edit mode, and all objects other
than the circle are faded. Perform a change like
moving and scaling the circle. (For details on editing
this way, see "Select Edit" on page 198.) Note that this
changes “Circle” to “Ellipse” in the palette.
NOTE: For 3D ACIS objects, physical properties are not
automatically listed. Click the Physical Metrics icon in the
palette toolbar if you want to see engineering properties
(volume, moments of inertia, etc.).
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5.
Select Cancel to exit Select Edit mode.
6.
You can also invoke the Edit Tool. Highlight the
Polyline and click Edit Tool. This enables you to
reshape an object by moving its nodes. See "Edit Tool"
on page 219.
9.
To change the dimension, highlight and make changes
in the Text category.
The changed dimension appears in the drawing area.
7.
Move one or more nodes to change the shape.
8.
To exit the Edit Tool, select Cancel twice.
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NOTE: You can also edit an object’s properties by clicking the
Properties icon in the palette toolbar. This opens the
Properties window for the object (see "Object Properties" on
page 79.)
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10.
The Copy icon is used to view an object’s properties in
HTML format.
12.
The options at the top control highlighting and fading
for objects that are not being edited. To set a filter for
what objects are displayed in the palette, click New.
You can view these properties in the Internet Palette.
The HTML file is stored in the ...\Programs\XML
folder.
This options the Selection by Query window, in
which you can specify types of objects you want to
display. In this example, all objects that are either
black or dimensions will be displayed in the palette.
11.
To set options for the Selection Info palette, click
Options.
NOTE: For details on selecting by query, see "Select by Query"
on page 187.
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13.
Each filter must be assigned a name.
14.
To apply this filter, click Filter in the toolbar.
15.
Select the filter you just created.
17.
Open the branch for a vertex to see its X and Y
coordinates. These values can be changed.
The vertex highlighted in the palette is also highlighted
in the drawing area.
Now only the polyline and dimension appear in the
palette.
16.
You can change geometry by modifying geometry in
the Metrics category. Open Metrics for the Polyline the coordinates for each vertex are listed.
Some values cannot be edited, such as Area and
Perimeter. These values depend on the coordinates of
the vertices, and are grayed out.
18.
To see options for another type of object, create several
objects and group them (select them, then select
Format / Create Group).
NOTE: For details on groups, see "Groups" on page 289.
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19.
This object is a “Group of Graphics,” and you can open
it to see each object that comprises the group. To edit
the group, click Edit Content.
20.
The group’s contents fill the screen. Make some
change, such as adding or removing objects from it.
21.
When finished, click Finish Edit Content.
This example consists of two lines and two circles. Three
constraints were applied: the two lines are constrained to be
parallel, the circles are constrained to be concentric, and a
tangent constraint was applied to the outer circle and
adjacent line.
1.
Make sure the All icon is disabled at the top of the
Selection Info palette. Select the outer line, which only
has one constraint (parallel). In the Constraints tab,
the PARALLEL constraint is listed, below which are
listed the two lines to which the constraint applies.
2.
Move the cursor over the PARALLEL constraint in the
Constraints tab, and the two lines that have this
constraint are highlighted.
Selection Info: Constraints
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
The Constraints tab of the Selection Info palette shows what
constraints have been applied, and to which objects they are
applied.
For details on constraints, see "Constraining Geometry" on
page 251.
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3.
Move the cursor over either line below PARALLEL.
The relevant line is highlighted.
4.
Now select the inner line, which has two constraints
applied to it. These two constraints are listed:
PARALLEL and TANGENT.
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5.
Now click All. The four objects (two lines, two circles)
are listed, along with several blockmarks. These are
the constraint markers themselves, which can be
selected and deleted if you want to remove the
constraint. In the Constraints tab, two items are listed
for each constraint - one for each of the constrained
objects.
6.
Select any blockmark in the palette to see it
highlighted onscreen (Highlighting must be enabled).
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Select Edit
(Editing by 2D Selector, Editing in Select mode)
This section covers ways you can edit objects in the current
selection set.
Geometric and Cosmetic Select
Modes
There are two distinct modes for geometric selection:
Geometric and Cosmetic. You can switch between the two
modes by clicking Geometric Select Edit, located in the
Preference property tab of the Program Setup (Options /
Preference).
Geometric extents are based on the distances between object
vertices (the three corners points of a triangle or the two
endpoints of a line). Cosmetic extents are based on distances
between the outermost points on the object that will be
drawn with the minimum (zero) pen width. Therefore, the
difference between the two modes is relevant for objects
such as double lines, multi lines, and objects that have a
nonzero pen width. The select mode will come into play
when using snaps and assigning dimensions.
For most applications, and for greater accuracy, use
Geometric select mode. There are two main advantages to
using Geometric select mode:
• When you scale using geometric extents, it is easy to
see exactly what is going to be scaled. For example, if
you scale a double-line object, the double-line
separation distance and pen width are not scaled.
Geometric select mode makes this visually obvious.
The disadvantage of geometric selection is that if you snap
the endpoint of a wide line to another object, the cosmetic
end of the line will overlap the object. You can work around
this problem by selecting a line using cosmetic extents and
using a snap mode to position the cosmetic end of the line.
WARNING: Geometric select mode is not the installation
default. If you choose to use Cosmetic select mode, zoom in
closely and be careful where you snap. If you set Geometric
select mode, it will remain active the next time you open
TurboCAD.
Select Edit in 3D
(Editing by 3D Selector)
The Select Edit tools (see "Select Edit" on page 198) work
the same way in 3D as for 2D.
As with Select Edit for 2D objects, you can move, rotate,
scale, and copy objects when they are selected. The only
difference is that with 3D space there are additional options
for movement. Whereas in 2D, you can only rotate in the XY
plane, 3D objects can be rotated in the XZ and YZ planes as
well. Movement can be in the Z direction, in addition to X
and Y.
You need to activate the 3D Selector in order to have all
editing tools available. See "2D / 3D Selector" on page 181.
• When you scale an orthogonal linear object using
geometric extents, you get accurate results. For
example, if you scale a 1-inch horizontal line segment
200 percent along the X axis, the line segment will
always be 2 inches long. If you were to use cosmetic
extents, the results would vary depending on the pen
width.
TIP: If you want to change the width (separation distance) or
pen width of a double line, you can enter new values in the
Properties window.
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Components of Select Edit Mode
Changing the Reference Point
(Reference point, rotation handle, drag handles)
To move the reference point, you must first select (or pick)
it. There are several ways to do this:
For this section, consider the following example of two 2D
objects.
• Press D
• Press Ctrl and click the reference point
• Select Edit Reference Point from the local menu
• Click the icon in the Inspector Bar
When they are both selected in Select mode, the selection set
appears in magenta, with several small circles and squares.
The yellow circle is the reference point. By default, it is
located at the center of extents of all selected objects, but it
can be moved. It is used for moving, and as a reference for
rotating and scaling.
The cursor changes to a hand symbol.
Move the reference point to its new location, in this case the
quadrant point of the ellipse.
The green circle is the rotation handle. You can click and
drag this point to rotate the objects around the reference
point.
Now any moving, scaling, or rotating will be done relative to
this new point.
The blue squares are drag handles. You can click and drag
these handles to scale the objects. Click an interior handle to
resize one dimension of the rectangle. Click on a corner
handle to resize both dimensions.
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To return the rotation bar to its default position, select
Default Reference Point from the local menu, or click the
icon on the Inspector Bar.
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Changing the Rotation Bar
For both ends of the rotation bar, you can select the points by
pressing Ctrl and clicking. (The yellow point is the reference
point and has additional ways to be selected.)
Now any rotating will be done relative to the new rotation
handle and reference point.
The cursor changes to a hand symbol. In this example, the
reference point is moved first.
Moving Objects in Select Edit
The green rotation handle is selected and moved the same
way.
The easiest way to move objects is to select the objects, then
click and move their reference point. You can also specify
the move distances in the coordinate fields.
NOTE: To move (or copy) objects relative to specific points or
objects, see "Assembling" on page 475 and "Transforming" on
page 212.
1.
Select the objects you want to move. (See "Changing
the Reference Point" on page 199 if you want the
reference point in a different place.)
2.
Click the reference point, and the cursor changes to a
four-directional arrow. Move the reference point to the
new location, or enter the new position in the Inspector
Bar.
When you move the rotation bar, whether the selection
rectangle changes depends on the Link Selector Shell
option in the Selector 2D page of the Selector properties.
See "Selector 2D" on page 182.
To return the rotation bar to its default position, select
Default Rotation Bars from the local menu, or click the
icon on the Inspector Bar.
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NOTE: You can make a copy by clicking the reference point,
pressing Ctrl, and then locating the new reference point.
3.
When the objects are moved, click anywhere or press
Esc to exit Select mode.
method to create symbols or blocks by dragging into the
Library palette or Block palette. See "Blocks" on page 291
and ".Library" on page 304.
WARNING: The behavior of snap modes is slightly unusual
when you are moving an object using OLE drag and drop. It is
therefore not a recommended method for moving objects that
require precise placement.
Rotating Objects in Select Edit
The easiest way to rotate objects is to select the objects, then
click and move their rotation handle. You can also enter
rotation values in the Inspector Bar.
Moving along One Axis
You can move or drag an object along the X or Y axis (or Z
for a 3D object by clicking and moving the axis handle itself.
NOTE: To rotate (or copy) objects relative to specific points or
objects, see "Assembling" on page 475 and "Transforming" on
page 212.
TIP: If you are using the 3D Selector, you can lock a rotation
axis. Right-click on the rotation handle and select Lock Axis
from the local menu. See "2D / 3D Selector" on page 181.
1.
Select the objects you want to rotate. (See "Changing
the Rotation Bar" on page 200 if you want the rotation
bar in a different place.)
Simple Dragging
If you place the cursor anywhere inside a selection other than
on the reference point, you can simply drag the selection
(keeping the mouse pressed) to another location within the
drawing. With simple dragging, you cannot use snaps or the
Coordinate Fields, but it is convenient if you do not need
accurate placement.
OLE Drag and Drop
This method is essentially the same as moving objects in
Select mode (clicking and moving the reference point.)
However, for OLE drag and drop, the object is dragged - the
mouse is kept pressed while moving.
The main advantage of OLE drag and drop is you can copy
the selection from one drawing into another, or even from a
drawing into another application. You may also use this
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2.
Click the rotation handle, and the cursor changes to a
rotation symbol. Rotate to the new position, or enter
the angle in the Inspector Bar.
NOTE: You can make a copy by clicking the rotation handle,
pressing Ctrl, and then rotating.
3.
When the objects are rotated, click anywhere or press
Esc to exit Select mode.
1.
Select the objects you want to scale.
2.
If you want to maintain the aspect ratio (the ratio
between X, Y, and Z), select Keep Aspect Ratio from
the local menu or click the icon on the Inspector Bar.
You can also maintain the aspect ratio by clicking a
drag handle and pressing Shift while resizing.
3.
Click one of the drag handles to resize, or enter the
scale and size in the Inspector Bar.
NOTE: You can make a copy by clicking the drag handle,
pressing Ctrl, and then resizing.
Click on a corner handle to scale in more than one
dimension.
Scaling Objects in Select Edit
The easiest way to scale objects is to select the objects, then
click and move drag handles. You can also enter scale values
for relevant axes in the Inspector Bar.
Click on an interior handle to scale in one dimension
only.
NOTE: To scale (or copy) objects relative to specific points or
objects, see "Transforming" on page 212.
TIP: If you are scaling an ACIS solid object, you can specify
uniform scaling or enable scaling in all axes - see "ACIS" on
page 359.)
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4.
When the objects are resized, click anywhere or press
Esc to exit Select mode.
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Chapter 6 Selecting and Transforming Objects
4.
Move the reference point to the new location, or enter
the new position in the Inspector Bar.
5.
The copied objects are now the ones selected. If you
want to make another copy, you must click the
reference point again.
6.
When the objects are copied, click anywhere or press
Esc to exit Select mode.
7.
Turn off Make Copy unless it is still needed.
NOTE: If the object you are scaling contains double lines or
lines drawn with a pen width greater than 0, the results of
scaling a selection will vary, depending on whether you are
using Geometric or Cosmetic selection. For accurate results,
use the default Geometric select mode. See "Geometric and
Cosmetic Select Modes" on page 198.
Copying Objects in Select Edit
This section covers ways you can copy objects while in
Select mode.
While these methods are generally the most convenient for
making quick copies, there are other tools you can use for
more complex and detailed copying. See "Copying Objects"
on page 206. For other tools you can use to copy objects
relative to specific points, see "Transforming" on page 212.
Make Copy
Creates one copy of the selected objects.
1.
Select the objects you want to copy.
Simple Dragging to Copy
WARNING: If you want to change the reference point, do not do
so while Make Copy is active, or you will create a copy on top
of the original. Change the reference point first, then activate
Make Copy. See "Changing the Reference Point" on page
199.
2.
3.
If you place the cursor anywhere inside a selection other than
on the reference point, you can simply drag the selection
(keeping the mouse pressed) to another location within the
drawing. If Make Copy is active, the objects will be copied
instead of moved.
To activate Make Copy, select it from the local menu, or
click the icon on the Inspector Bar.
Select Make Copy from the local menu, or click the
icon on the Inspector Bar.
Click the reference point, and the cursor changes to a
four-directional arrow with a plus sign.
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With simple dragging, you cannot use snaps or the
Coordinate Fields, but it is convenient if you do not need
accurate placement.
Turn off Make Copy when it is no longer needed.
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Rubber Stamp
6.
Click anywhere or press Esc to exit Select mode.
7.
Turn off Make Copy unless it is still needed.
Creates multiple copies of the selected objects.
1.
Select the objects you want to copy.
2.
Select Rubber Stamp from the local menu, or click
the icon on the Inspector Bar.
Making a Rotated Copy
Creates one rotated copy of the selected objects.
3.
A rubber stamp icon appears, and you can click to
locate the first copy.
1.
Select the objects you want to copy. (See "Changing
the Rotation Bar" on page 200 if you want the rotation
bar in a different place.)
4.
Create as many copies as you need.
2.
Select Make Copy from the local menu, or click the
icon on the Inspector Bar.
3.
Click the rotation handle, and the cursor changes to a
rotation arrow with a plus sign.
4.
Move the rotation handle to the new location, or enter
the angle in the Inspector Bar.
5.
To finish press Esc, or select Cancel from the local
menu or Inspector Bar.
The original objects are still selected.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 6 Selecting and Transforming Objects
5.
The copied objects are now the ones selected. If you
want to make another copy, you must click the
reference point again.
6.
When the objects are copied, click anywhere or press
Esc to exit Select mode.
7.
Turn off Make Copy unless it is still needed.
4.
Drag the handle to the new location, or enter the new
scale or size in the Inspector Bar.
5.
The copied objects are now the ones selected. If you
want to make another copy, you must click the
reference point again.
6.
When the objects are copied, click anywhere or press
Esc to exit Select mode.
7.
Turn off Make Copy unless it is still needed.
Making a Scaled Copy
Creates one scaled copy of the selected objects.
1.
Select the objects you want to copy.
2.
Select Make Copy from the local menu, or click the
icon on the Inspector Bar.
3.
Click one of the drag handles, and the cursor changes
to a resize symbol with a plus sign.
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Using Ctrl to Copy
An easy way of creating one copy of selected objects is to use
the Ctrl key. The procedure is basically the same for moving,
rotating, or scaling objects.
• To create a copy, select the objects and start moving by
clicking the yellow reference point. Press Ctrl, and
complete the move.
• To create a rotated copy, select the objects and start
rotating by clicking the green rotation handle. Press
Ctrl, and complete the rotation.
• To create a scaled copy, select the objects and start
dragging one of the blue rotation handles. Press Ctrl,
and complete the scaling.
Select: Enables you to add or remove objects from the
selection set. Once the objects have been selected, deactivate
this object to continue with the operation.
Repeat: Enables you to copy the selected objects again.
Otherwise, the operation ends once the first operation is
complete.
In TurboCAD Platinum , you can use Auto Constraints and
to control the spacing of pattern-copied objects. See
"Constraining Pattern - Copied Objects" on page 273.
Copying Objects
The Copy Entities tools enable you to make single or
multiple copies of selected objects, while precisely
controlling the placement of the copies.
You can display the Copy toolbar by right-clicking in any
toolbar area and selecting Copy.
TIP: When using the Copy Entities tools, you will probably
need to switch often between the Inspector Bar and the
drawing area. You can press Tab to enter the Inspector Bar,
and click once in the drawing or press Esc to return to the
drawing.
Copy In Place
NOTE: You can also make simple copies of objects in Select
Edit (see "Copying Objects in Select Edit" on page 203). For
other tools you can use to copy objects relative to specific
points, see "Transforming" on page 212.
The Copy Entities tools can be used on 2D and 3D objects.
For the objects you want to use, be sure the Selector is set
correctly (2D, 3D, or both). See "2D / 3D Selector" on page
181.
These tools are typically invoked when objects are already
selected. You can also invoke them even if no objects are
currently selected, as long as the Select tool is active. In this
case, the local menu option Select can be used to select
objects to copy. Close the Select option when all objects are
selected.
Local menu options:
For all of the Copy tools (except Copy in Place), the
following local menu options are available:
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Available in TurboCAD Pro, Platinum, and Deluxe only
Copy in Place creates a copy of all selected objects in exactly
the same place as they are.
1.
Select the objects you want to copy and select Copy in
Place.
2.
The resulting copied objects will now be the selected
objects.
Linear Copy
Creates copies of 2D or 3D objects along a straight line, in
which each copy is separated by a specified distance.
1.
Select the objects you want to copy and activate
Linear Copy.
2.
In the Inspector Bar, enter the number of Sets - the
total number of objects that will result.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 6 Selecting and Transforming Objects
3.
Set the distance between adjacent copies by using the
mouse to define the copy vector, or enter Step values
in the Inspector Bar. The copy vector is defined from
the reference point of the selection set.
Radial Copy
Creates copies of 2D or 3D objects along an arc, in which
each copy is separated by a specified angle and rotation
(optional).
NOTE: To make a single copy using a distance vector that
does not start at the reference point of the selected objects,
see "Vector Copy" on page 211.
4.
1.
Select the objects you want to copy and activate
Radial Copy.
2.
In the Inspector Bar, enter the number of Sets - the
total number of objects that will result.
3.
Set the angle between adjacent copies by using the
mouse to define the center of the copy arc and the
angle, or enter the angle in the Inspector Bar. You can
enter a rotation value to set the rotation of each copy
relative to the previous one. If Rotation = 0, the copies
will not rotate at all. By default, Rotation = Angle.
The copies are made after the vector has been defined.
The copy arc is defined from the reference point of the
selection set.
Sets = 3
5.
Click anywhere to exit Select mode, or press Esc.
4.
The copies are made after the arc has been defined.
Sets = 4
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5.
Click anywhere to exit Select mode, or press Esc.
4.
The copies are made after the vector has been defined.
Rows = 2, Columns = 3
NOTE: For copying in 3D, the copy arc is positioned on the
current workplane. Each copy is rotated around the axis
perpendicular to the workplane, passing through the reference
point of the selected objects.
5.
Click anywhere to exit Select mode, or press Esc.
Array Copy
Fit Linear Copy
Creates copies of 2D or 3D objects into a 2D or 3D linear
array, in which each copy is separated by a specified
distance.
1.
Select the objects you want to copy and activate Array
Copy.
2.
In the Inspector Bar, enter the total number of Rows,
Column, and Levels (number of copies in Z) that will
result.
3.
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Set the distance between adjacent copies by using the
mouse to define the copy vector, or enter Step values
in the Inspector Bar. The copy vector is defined from
the reference point of the selection set.
Creates copies of 2D or 3D objects along a straight line,
along which a specified number of copies are evenly spaced.
1.
Select the objects you want to copy and activate Fit
Linear Copy.
2.
In the Inspector Bar, enter the number of Sets - the
total number of objects that will result.
3.
Set the distance between the first and last copies by
using the mouse to define the copy vector, or enter size
values in the Inspector Bar. The copy vector is defined
from the reference point of the selection set.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 6 Selecting and Transforming Objects
4.
The copy arc is defined from the reference point of the
selection set.
The copies are made after the vector has been defined.
Sets = 4
5.
Click anywhere to exit Select mode, or press Esc.
4.
The copies are made after the arc has been defined.
Fit Radial Copy
Creates copies of 2D or 3D objects along an arc, along which
a specified number of copies are evenly spaced and rotated.
1.
Select the objects you want to copy and activate Fit
Radial Copy.
2.
In the Inspector Bar, enter the number of Sets - the
total number of objects that will result.
3.
Set the angle the first and last copies by using the
mouse to define the center of the copy arc and the
angle, or enter the angle in the Inspector Bar. You can
enter a rotation value to set the rotation of each copy
relative to the previous one. If Rotation = 0, the copies
will not rotate at all.
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Sets = 4
5.
Click anywhere to exit Select mode, or press Esc.
NOTE: For copying in 3D, the copy arc is positioned on the
current workplane. Each copy is rotated around the axis
perpendicular to the workplane, passing through the reference
point of the selected objects.
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Fit Array Copy
5.
Click anywhere to exit Select mode, or press Esc.
Creates copies of 2D or 3D objects into a 2D or 3D linear
array, in which a specified number of copies are evenly
spaced.
1.
Select the objects you want to copy and activate Fit
Array Copy.
2.
In the Inspector Bar, enter the total number of rows,
columns, and levels (number of copies in Z) that will
result.
3.
Set the distance between first and last copies in each
direction by using the mouse to define the entire copy
array boundary, or enter Bound values in the Inspector
Bar. The copy array is defined from the reference point
of the selection set.
4.
Mirror Copy
Creates a mirror image of an object by defining a mirror line.
1.
Select the objects you want to mirror and activate
Mirror Copy.
2.
Define the mirror line by selecting two points, or by
selecting one point and entering an angle in the
Inspector Bar.
3.
The mirror copy is made after the mirror line has been
defined.
4.
Click anywhere to exit Select mode, or press Esc.
The copies are made after the array boundary has been
defined.
Rows = 2, Columns = 4
NOTE: For text to be mirrored, it must be Flexible. Otherwise
the text will read the same way on both sides of the mirror line.
See "Text Properties" on page 325.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 6 Selecting and Transforming Objects
Vector Copy
Offset
Creates a single copy of an object at a specified angle and
distance from the reference point of the original.
Creates one or more offset copies of a single object. The
object can be open or closed. For closed objects, the offsets
will also be closed.
1.
Select the objects you want to copy and activate
Vector Copy.
2.
Define the copy vector by selecting two points, or by
selecting one point and entering the length and angle in
the Inspector Bar. The copy vector can be anywhere,
but it is applied to the reference point of the selection
set.
The offsets are created so that linear segments remain
parallel. When possible, arc start and end angles remain the
same as well.
1.
Activate the function, and select the object (line, arc,
polyline, polygon, etc.) you want to offset.
2.
Set the offset distance either by entering it in the
Inspector Bar or by selecting two points. The angle of
this line does not matter; its absolute length will be
used.
3.
Enter the number of Sets in the Inspector Bar. This is
the total number of copies, and does not include the
original.
4.
Select the side of the object where you want to place
the copies.
NOTE: To make one or more copies using a distance vector
that starts at the reference point of the selected objects, see
"Fit Linear Copy" on page 208.
3.
4.
The copy is made after the vector has been defined.
Click anywhere to exit Select mode, or press Esc.
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The offset copies are made on the selected side.
Transforming
Available in TurboCAD Pro, Platinum and Deluxe only
The Transform tools enable you to quickly move, rotate, or
scale objects. You can optionally leave the original object in
place, creating a copy. In addition, you can record the
transform operations for use on other objects.
You can display the Transform toolbar by right-clicking in
any toolbar area and selecting Transform.
5.
If you enter a Z Offset, each offset curve will be
separated from the adjacent one by this distance.
The Transform tools can be used on 2D and 3D objects. For
the objects you want to use, be sure the Selector is set
correctly (2D, 3D, or both). See "2D / 3D Selector" on page
181.
6.
You can use the same parameters to offset other
objects, you can change the parameters, or select
Cancel from the local menu or Inspector Bar to exit
the tool.
Local menu option:
Rounded Corners: The exterior corners (relative to the
offset direction) will be rounded.
NOTE: The Assemble tool also enable you to move and rotate
objects, relative to other objects or locations. Assemble tools
require more accurate input than Transform tools, however,
and do not create copies. See "Assembling" on page 475.
The Transform tools are typically invoked when objects are
already selected. You can also invoke them even if no objects
are currently selected, as long as the Select tool is active. In
this case, the local menu option Select can be used to select
objects to copy. Close the Select option when all objects are
selected.
For each of the transform tool (Move, Rotate, Scale, and
Generic), the following local menu options are available:
Select: Enables you to add or remove objects from the
selection set. When the correct objects have been selected,
deactivate this object to continue with the operation.
Repeat: Enables you to transform or copy the selected
objects again. Otherwise, the function ends once the first
operation is complete.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 6 Selecting and Transforming Objects
Keep Original Object: Activated by default, makes a copy
of the selected objects. Otherwise the object is simply
transformed.
3.
Select the destination point. The objects are moved
along the transform vector from their original location.
Finish: Complete the transform operation.
Move
NOTE: By default, the original objects remain in place. If you
do not want to create a copy, deselect the local menu option
Keep Original Object.
Moves or copies objects relative to two defined points.
1.
Select the objects you want to move or copy, and
activate Move.
2.
Select the source point - the first of two points that
defines the transform vector.
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4.
The new or moved object is now the one selected.
Click outside to deselect it.
If you use the local menu option Repeat, you can transform
the selected objects again. Otherwise the operation ends.
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Rotate
4.
Select the source and destination points - these
establish the transform angle relative to the rotation
center.
5.
The objects are moved along the transform angle from
their original location.
Rotates and/or copies objects relative to three defined points.
1.
Select the objects you want to rotate or copy, and
activate Rotate.
2.
From the local menu or Inspector Bar, select the axis of
rotation (X, Y, or Z).
3.
Select the center of rotation.
NOTE: By default, the original objects remain in place. If you
do not want to create a copy, deselect the local menu option
Keep Original Object.
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Chapter 6 Selecting and Transforming Objects
6.
The new or moved object is now the one selected.
Click outside to deselect it.
2.
Select the scaling start point and end point.
When selecting the destination point, the closer to the
scaling end point, the closer the scale approaches 1:1.
If you use the local menu option Repeat, you can transform
the selected objects again. Otherwise the operation ends.
The closer to the scaling start point, the scale
approaches zero.
Scale
Scales and/or copies objects relative to three defined points.
1.
Select the objects you want to scale or copy, and
activate Scale.
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3.
Select the scaling destination point.
4.
The objects are scaled, relative to their original
location.
If you use the local menu option Repeat, you can transform
the selected objects again. Otherwise the operation ends.
Additional local menu option:
Keep Aspect Ratio: By default, the objects are scaled so that
all dimensions remain proportional to the original.
Deactivate this option if you want to be able to change the
aspect ratio.
NOTE: By default, the original objects remain in place. If you
do not want to create a copy, deselect the local menu option
Keep Original Object.
5.
The new or moved object is now the one selected.
Click outside to deselect it.
Generic
Transforms a 3D object by selecting six points.
The first two points define the movement distance, similar to
using Move.
The third and fourth points enable you to rotate the object in
the current workplane.
The fifth and sixth points enable you to flip the object.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 6 Selecting and Transforming Objects
In this example, Move with Keep Original Object
was used to copy the object from Point 1 to Point 2.
Then Rotate was used on the copied object, with Keep
Original Object turned off.
NOTE: The Generic Transform tool is also available from the
local menu of the selector tool.
Local menu options:
Scaling: Enables you to change the object’s scale while
transforming.
Keep Aspect Ratio: If Scaling is used, choose whether to
maintain the object’s aspect ratio.
4.
When the transformation is complete, click Stop
Transform Recorder.
5.
Add a new object or group of objects to which to apply
the recorded transformation.
6.
Select this object and click Apply Stored
Transformation.
7.
The Move and Rotate commands are applied to the
selected object.
Skew: If Scaling is used and Keep Aspect Ratio is not used,
you can scale the object while transforming.
Transform Recorder
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Enables you to record a transformation and apply it to other
objects.
1.
Select the objects whose transformation you want to
record.
2.
Click Start Transform Recorder.
3.
Perform the transformation, using the Move, Rotate,
Scale, and Generic tools as needed.
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8.
If you want to apply the transformation with different
settings, click Player.
9.
In the Inspector Bar you can specify the number of sets
(the number of additional copies) to create. Set any
additional parameters in the local menu or Inspector
Bar, and click Play.
In this example, the transformation was applied to the
previous copy, and three additional copies were made.
It is important to note that Play (Apply Stored
Transformation) uses settings from the Player (Customize
and Apply Stored Transformation). Player options remain
in effect until changed, and will affect subsequent
transformations, even if they are re-recorded.
NOTE: If you specify multiple Sets and Keep Original
Objects is turned off, the selected objects will be transformed
by the distance times the number of sets. No copies will be
made.
Local menu options:
Only one option is unique to Player.
Toggle CS: If not selected, the object will be rotated around
the center of the original object. If selected, the reference
point of the new object will be used as the center of rotation.
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For updates and additional information,
7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
This chapter focuses on tools used to change geometry and
formats of objects, as well as measuring tools.
You can also perform editing commands in Select mode,
including moving, rotating, scaling, and copying. See
"Select Edit" on page 198.
Edit Tool
In Edit Tool mode, the cursor becomes an arrow with a dot.
When the node editing is finished, you can return to Select
Edit mode by selecting it from the local menu, by clicking
the icon on the Inspector Bar, or by pressing Esc.
You can then exit Select mode by clicking outside the
selection set, or by pressing Esc again.
Nodes are hidden markers identifying elements of geometric
objects. The Edit Tool enables you to reshape objects by
editing their nodes. You can edit a single node or multiple
nodes - even a group of nodes belonging to different objects.
NOTE: This section focuses on editing nodes of 2D objects.
For 3D objects, see "Edit Tool in 3D" on page 427. For editing
tables, see "Changing Rows and Columns, Merging Cells" on
page 623. And for editing walls, see "Editing Walls" on page
539.
NOTE: If you need to node edit an object that is part of a group,
explode the group first (Format / Explode). For an object that
is part of a block, you can node edit the object in Edit Content
mode. See "Editing a Block" on page 295.
Moving a Node
The most basic method of node editing is to move nodes.
Simply click on any node and drag it to its new location.
There are several ways to activate the Edit Tool:
• Click Edit Tool on the Select toolbar, then select the
object to edit.
• Select Edit Tool, then select the object to edit.
• Select the object that you wish to edit, then select Edit
Tool from the local menu. You can also click the icon
on the Inspector Bar.
• Select the object to edit, then press Ctrl and select it
again.
• Access the Edit Tool from the Selection Info Palette.
See "Selection Info Palette" on page 191.
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If you want to move nodes orthogonally, you can press Shift
while dragging. This example will use a polyline:
In this mode, the segment before the node will become either
vertical or horizontal.
In the local menu or Inspector Bar, if Ortho Origin by
Entity is disabled, the nodes will be moved orthogonally
according to the active UCS.
In this mode, you can move the node directly above, below,
left, or right of its current position.
For Bezier curves, you can choose to have additional control
while node editing. By checking Show additional control
points in the curve’s Properties, you can add two more
control nodes at every node. You can also control the
tangency at each node. See "Curve Properties" on page 168.
Adding a Node
Adds nodes to lines and line segments, including objects
created using double lines and multi lines. You can also add
nodes to Bezier curves, splines, and sketches.
1.
Use the Edit Tool on the object to which you want to
add a node.
2.
Press Ctrl while placing the cursor where you want to
add the node. The cursor has a + symbol.
If Ortho Origin by Entity is enabled, the node will move so
that the segment itself will become orthogonal.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
3.
Click to add the node.
any node of a triangle. If you delete the endpoint of a
polyline, you will delete the entire line segment that
terminates at that point.
1.
To delete a single node, use the Edit Tool on the object
from which you want to delete a node.
2.
Press Ctrl while placing the cursor where you want to
delete the node. The cursor becomes a “trash can”
symbol.
3.
Click to delete the node. The adjacent nodes will be
connected to form a new segment.
(You could also place the cursor where you want to add
the node, then select Add Node from the local menu.)
4.
You can now drag the new node to create a new line
segment.
The same method can be used to add nodes to curves.
Deleting Nodes
Deletes nodes from lines and line segments, including
objects created with double lines and multi lines. You can
also delete nodes from Bezier curves, splines, and sketches.
You can also use the local menu to delete one or more nodes.
Within the Edit Tool, drag a selection window around the
node or nodes you want to delete. Selected nodes turn from
blue to magenta. Then select Delete Node(s) from the local
menu.
NOTE: If you remove a node from a polygon, the polygon will
remain closed, but will become an irregular polygon.
You cannot delete a node that is needed to define an object as
a line segment or polygon. This means that you cannot delete
the endpoint of a single line segment, and you cannot delete
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You can also delete nodes from Bezier curves, splines, and
sketches.
3.
The selected nodes turn from blue to magenta. When
you move any of the selected nodes, all nodes move as
a group.
4.
To deselect nodes, draw an “empty” selection window
(one that does not encompass any nodes).
Editing Multiple Nodes
You can use a selection window to edit a group of nodes,
even if the nodes belong to different objects.
1.
Activate the Edit Tool. To select multiple objects use
the Shift key. You can use Ctrl+A to select all objects
for node editing.
Breaking (Opening) Closed Objects
Breaks a closed object (polygon, closed polyline, rectangle,
closed curve, etc.), turning it into a polyline.
2.
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Use a selection window to enclose all the nodes you
want to edit.
1.
Use the Edit Tool on the closed object you want to
break.
2.
Right-click on the node at which you want the break,
and select Break from the local menu.
3.
The object is now an open polyline, with two end
nodes at the node where you broke the object.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
NOTE: If the two endpoints of the polyline share the same
location, the object will simply be closed geometrically.
If you simply snap the endpoints of a polyline together, the
resulting object will only appear to be closed, but is still
considered open. This means, for example, that the object
cannot be filled with a hatch pattern. In order to geometrically
close the object, you must use this feature.
Closing Open Objects
Editing Linear Objects
Closes an open object (polyline, open curve), turning it into
a closed polyline, curve, or polygon.
In addition to adding, deleting, or moving nodes, there are
several Edit Tool features unique to linear objects.
1.
Dividing a Line Segment
Use the Edit Tool on the open object you want to
close.
2.
Right-click on the node at which you want to close the
object, and select Close from the local menu.
3.
A line segment is created between the node you
selected and the other endpoint.
Adds nodes to a line or line segment, breaking it into a
polyline composed of segments of equal length. Double lines
and multi lines can also be divided.
1.
Use the Edit Tool on the object you want to divide.
2.
Right-click over the segment you want to divide, and
select Divide Segment from the local menu. Enter the
number of segments.
The selected segment is divided into the specified
number of segments.
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3.
You can now drag any of the new nodes to create new
line segments.
Filleting Two Line Segments
Adds an arc connecting two line segments, creating a fillet.
1.
Hiding or Showing a Line Segment
Applies only to single-line segments.
1.
Right-click over the segment you want to hide, and
select Hide Segment from the local menu. The
segment is no longer displayed.
3.
To show the segment again, select Show Segment
from the local menu.
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2.
Enter the fillet radius in the Inspector Bar.
3.
Right-click on the node to fillet and select Insert Arc.
Modifying Line Widths
1.
Use the Edit Tool on the line object (line, rectangle,
polygon, etc.) whose width you want to change. Arc
segments of polylines can be edited as well.
2.
Right-click and select Edit Widths. Drag an endpoint
to widen it, or enter the width in the Inspector Bar.
Use the Edit Tool on the object whose segment you
want to hide.
2.
Use the Edit Tool on the multi-segmented object you
want to fillet (polyline, rectangle, polygon, etc.).
With this method, each endpoint will be sized
individually, with no relation to any adjacent
segments.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
To modify the width of all adjacent segments, right-click and
select Edit Linked Widths.
Editing Segments
For objects with multiple segments, you can move segments
so that they remain parallel to their original location. Arc
segments can also be edited.
1.
Use the Edit Tool on a multi-segmented object like a
polyline, rectangle, polygon, etc.
2.
From the local menu or Inspector Bar, select Edit
Segments.
Closing and Opening Endpoints of Double
Lines
The nodes are no longer marked, and segments are
marked with triangles.
Creates or removes a start or end cap of a double line. This
can also be controlled in the double line’s Properties - see
"Double Line Properties" on page 147.
1.
Use the Edit Tool on the double line object whose
endpoint you want to close.
2.
Right-click on the end node, and select Close Double
End.
3.
To open the endpoint, select Open Double End.
3.
Click and drag one of the segments. It remains parallel
to its original location, and its length updates to meet
adjacent segments.
Modifying Double Line Intersections
Right-click on the intersection node you want to modify. For
the options, see "Double Line Options" on page 245.
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4.
If you edit an arc segment, its radius will change and
its center will remain in place.
Changing the Axes of an Ellipse or Elliptical
Arc
1.
Use the Edit Tool on the ellipse or elliptical arc whose
axes you want to change.
2.
There are two blue handles, one for the major axis and
one for the minor.
3.
Click and move the relevant blue handle to resize the
axis. You can also enter the new axis length in the
Inspector Bar.
NOTE: This also works for walls, but each wall can be node
edited separately when using Edit Segments. See "Editing
Walls" on page 539.
Editing Circles, Ellipses, and Arcs
In addition to adding, deleting, or moving nodes, there are
several Edit Tool features unique to circular and elliptical
objects.
Changing the Radius of a Circle or Arc
1.
Use the Edit Tool on the circle or arc whose radius you
want to change.
To scale the object while maintaining its aspect ratio (major
axis to minor axis), hold the Shift key while dragging either
blue handle.
Changing Start and End Angles
2.
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Click and move the blue handle to resize the object.
You can also enter the new radius in the Inspector Bar.
Circles, arcs, ellipses, and elliptical arcs all have start and
end angles. For circles and ellipses the start and end angles
are equal, but you can change this with the Edit Tool.
1.
Use the Edit Tool on the object whose start and end
angles you want to change.
2.
The green handle is used to change the start angle, and
the red handle is for the end angle.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
3.
Click and move either angle handle to resize the
angles. You can also enter the new angles in the
Inspector Bar.
TIP: To divide an arc segment that is part of a polyline,
right-click on the green node and select Insert Arc. This
divides the arc into two equal segments.
Editing Splines and Bezier Curves
Dividing an Arc
In addition to adding, deleting, or moving nodes, there are
several Edit Tool features unique to splines and Bezier
curves.
Adds nodes to an arc or circle, breaking it into separate arcs.
The resulting arcs can be edited just like any arc.
Changing the Shape of a Spline or Bezier
Curve
1.
Use the Edit Tool on the arc or circle you want to
divide.
1.
Use the Edit Tool on the curve you want to edit.
2.
Click and drag any point along the curve.
2.
Right-click over the arc you want to divide, and select
Arc Divide from the local menu. Enter the number of
arcs.
The arc is divided into the specified number of arcs.
Each resultant arc can be node edited separately.
3.
The control points update accordingly.
To node edit a different arc, simple click on it while
still in the Edit Tool.
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Changing Control Points and Fit Points
4.
Splines are created by specifying either a series of fit points
(points through which the spline passes) or control points
(guide points). For either type of spline, you can view and
move both types of points.
Now the points through which the spline passes are
highlighted. If the spline is open, you can use the green
points to change the slope at the spline ends.
It is easier to understand the types of points when the spline
is displayed with its frame. Open the spline’s Properties to
the Curves page and check Show Frame.
NOTE: Control points and fit points are not available for Bezier
curves. For details on node-editing Bezier curves, see "Curve
Properties" on page 168.
1.
2.
3.
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Use the Edit Tool on the curve you want to edit. By
default, Edit Control Points is active in the Inspector
Bar and local menu.
Adding Nodes and Knots
A knot is basically a control point. You can add knots to
increase the editing detail of a spline. A node is a point
through which the spline will pass (fit point).
1.
Use the Edit Tool on the spline you want to edit. In this
example, the frame of the spline is displayed (check
Show Frame on the Curve page of the spline’s
Properties).
2.
It does not matter whether fit points or control points
are highlighted. To add a control point (knot),
right-click on the spline (not on the frame) where you
want to add a knot and select Add Knot. The control
point is added along the frame.
The control points are highlighted at the ends of frame
segments. Each point can be clicked and dragged
manually or assigned values in the Inspector Bar or
Coordinate Fields.
Switch to Edit Fit Points.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
3.
4.
If you continue adding knots, you can “tighten” the
frame to the spline, providing more control points for
editing.
Changing Node Curvature of Beziers
Bezier curve use weighted nodes to control the curvature at
each node point.
To add a fit point (node), right-click on the spline, near
where it passes through the frame. Select Add Node.
The fit point is added along the frame.
You can control how each node controls the curvature by
selecting a node, and right clicking to open the local menu.
In the local menu there are three options for controlling the
curvature of a node.
5.
If you continue adding nodes, you can “tighten” the
spline to the frame, providing more fit points for
editing.
NOTE: Nodes can be added to Bezier curves as well, but knots
can be added only to splines.
Equal Curvature at point — This is the default. When
selected, adjusting one of the green control handles causes
the paired handle to change an equal distance, but the
handles remain locked to a common control line. This option
makes the curve smooth and equal on both sides of the node.
Nonequal Curvature at point — When this option is
selected, adjusting one of the green control handles does not
affect the distance of the paired handle, but the nodes remain
locked to a common control line. This option makes the
curve smooth but unequal on either side of the node.
Nonsmooth at point — When this option is selected,
adjusting one of the green control handles does not affect the
the paired handle at all, the nodes have separate control lines.
This this option allows you to make a sharp point in the
curve.
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NOTE: These controls will have no effect if the “keep Curve
Smooth” option is turned off in the curve properties. "Curve
Properties" on page 168.
While in this mode you can select multiple nodes and move
them, rotate them, and scale their collective size just as you
would any other object using the selector.
NOTE: The selector type (2D or 3D) that will be used in Edit
tool is dependant upon the type that is current for the selector.
Editing Dimensions
For details on creating dimensions, see "Dimensions" on
page 331.
The effect of selecting a different curvature only appears
after you begin moving an affected handle.
Selector Mode in Edit Tool
When using the Edit Tool on a dimension, there are several
nodes for editing: one at each extension line, one on the
dimension line itself, and one on the text. Each can be moved
to change the dimension.
You can use the Selection tool functions to edit nodes by
turning on the Selection Mode. Selection mode is available
from the local menu or from the Inspector bar.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
Move the node on an extension line to change its length
and/or position. If this change leads to a new dimension
value, the new value will appear after the node is moved.
• Move Text, Add Leader: The moved dimension text
will be attached to the existing dimension line by a
leader.
Move the node on the dimension line to change the position
of the dimension text.
• Move Text, No Leader: Only the dimension text will
move.
Move the node on the dimension text to move the text. How
the text is moved depends on the Text Movement option set
on the Format page of the dimension’s Properties (see
"Dimension Properties" on page 332.)
• Keep Dimension Line with Text: The dimension line
will move with the text.
Modifying Geometry
The Modify tools are generally used to change the shapes of
existing objects. These tools do not change physical
properties such as layers or line widths; rather they modify
the actual geometry.
You can display the Modify toolbar by right-clicking in any
toolbar area and selecting Modify.
Some Modify tools require input of two or more objects. If
you are working in 3D, all 2D objects selected for
modification must lie on the same workplane (see
"Workplanes" on page 362). To change an object’s
workplane, see "Place on WorkPlane" on page 371.
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Object Trim
4.
Press Esc if you want to select another cutting edge.
Select Cancel from the local menu or Inspector Bar to
exit.
Using Multiple Cutting Edges
Uses one or more cutting edges to trim objects.
1.
Select the objects to be used as the cutting edge. Use
Shift to select multiple objects.
2.
Select the object to trim, clicking on the portion you
want deleted. One or both cutting edges will be used,
depending on what is selected.
3.
Continue selecting objects to trim, if needed.
4.
Press Esc if you want to select another cutting edge.
Select Cancel from the local menu or Inspector Bar to
exit.
NOTE: Complex objects such as dimensions and text must be
exploded before they can be trimmed. Text must be exploded
twice - first into groups of polylines, then into polylines.
The example for Object Trim contains three objects: a
circle, line, and construction line.
Using One Cutting Edge
1.
Select the object to be used as the cutting edge.
2.
Select the object to trim, clicking on the portion you
want deleted.
3.
Continue selecting objects to trim, if needed.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
Local menu option:
Trim by Line: Enables you to define the cutting edge by
selecting two points.
1.
Drag a selection window from right to left around the
elements you want to stretch. Be careful to only select
nodes that you want to move. If you select an entire
segment (line or arc) or and entire object it will be
moved and not stretched..
2.
Right click and select Finish
3.
Select two points to define the movement vector, or
enter the length and angle in the Inspector Bar.
The selected nodes move by the defined vector.
Stretch
Local menu option:
Multiple: If this option is selected the stretch tool will
continue to operate until you press ESC or select another
tool.
Moves a group of nodes of one or more objects by defining
a movement vector.
PickAdd: If this option is on you can add objects to the
selection simply by clicking on them, and you have to hold
down Shift to deselect objects. If this option is off you have
to hold down the Shift key or de-select to select additional
objects.
Displacement: If this option is selected the node or object
will be displaced by the UCS X and Y value of the point you
select. For example if you click on the coordinate X= -10 and
Y= 5 the displacement will be -10 in the X axis and 5 in the
Y axis.
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Split
To split a closed object such as a rectangle or polygon, you
need to create at least two splits. For each one, click on the
segment you want to split.
Divides an object into two separate objects. This tool works
on any single-line or double-line object, as well as on circles,
arcs, and curves.
You can split by using the cursor, or by specifying a ratio in
the Inspector Bar. The ratio is the length of the first resulting
segment to the length of the second resulting segment. The
first segment starts at the start point of the object, which
depends on how the object was created.
When splitting a polyline, you place the split on one segment
(line or arc), but the entire polyline is split at the selected
point.
Splitting Lines and Double Lines
1.
Select the line or line segment you want to split.
2.
Position the split indicator where you want the split, or
enter the split ratio in the Inspector Bar.
Splitting Arcs and Circles
3.
Select the circle, arc, or arc segment you want to split.
2.
Position the split indicator where you want the split, or
enter the split ratio in the Inspector Bar.
Click to locate the split. A temporary red X indicates
the location.
You can verify that the line is now two separate objects by
selecting one of the lines.
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1.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
3.
Click to locate the split. A temporary red X indicates
the location. For a circle, indicate a second split point.
1.
Select the curve. Position the split indicator where you
want the split, or enter the split ratio in the Inspector
Bar.
2.
Click to locate the split. A temporary red X indicates
the location. For a closed curve, select a second split
point.
You can verify that the circle is now two separate objects by
selecting one of the arcs.
For arcs, you only need to define one split point.
Splitting Curves
It is helpful to display the curve's frames before splitting it.
This is because the split actually takes place on the line
segments of the frame.
1.
You can verify that the curve is now two separate objects by
selecting one of the segments.
To display the frame, open the Properties window to
the Curve page and check Show Frame.
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For open curves, you only need to define one split point.
3.
You can then move the split off section.
Splitting 3D Curves
It is helpful to display the curve's frames before splitting it.
This is because the split actually takes place on the line
segments of the frame.
1.
Meet 2 Lines
Select the curve. Position the split indicator where you
want the split, or enter the split ratio in the Inspector
Bar.
Extends two lines, double lines, walls or arcs so that their
endpoints meet.
2.
1.
Select the first object.
2.
Select the second object. The objects are trimmed or
extended to meet one another.
Click to locate the split. For a closed curve, You may
want to select a second split point.
If an object is to be trimmed, select the portion of the object
you want to remain.
Local menu options:
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Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
The local menu options apply to double lines. See "Double
Line Options" on page 245.
Local menu options:
NOTE: You can use Meet 2 Lines on splines and Beziers,
however the extension will be straight element of the curve,
not curved continuations as they are with arcs. 3D Polylines,
and splines can also be used, but the terminal resulting
geometry will be placed on the concurrent workplane of the
two objects used.
1.
Enter the chamfer distances, angles, or length in the
Inspector Bar.
2.
Select the multi-segmented object you want to
chamfer.
3.
Select Polyline from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
Polyline: Chamfers all corners of a polygon or polyline in
one step.
Chamfer
Connects two lines (single or double lines) with a beveled
corner. The selected objects do not have to intersect, and they
can overlap.
NOTE: The resulting objects are separate line segments,
unless the Polyline option is used, in which case the result is
a polyline.
The chamfer is applied to all corners. The resultant
object is one polyline.
WARNING: Be careful when using the Polyline option with
different chamfer distances. The results will not be symmetric.
If the objects overlap, they will be trimmed to create the
chamfer. Be sure to select the side of the object you want to
remain.
The other local menu options apply to double lines. See
"Double Line Options" on page 245.
There are three methods for creating chamfers: Distance /
Distance, Distance / Angle, and Length / Angle. For all
methods, the same local menu options are available.
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Chamfer Distance / Distance
2.
Select the first line to chamfer.
3.
Select the adjacent line. The corner is chamfered.
The chamfer is created by specifying its length along each
line.
1.
Enter both chamfer distances in the Inspector Bar.
These are the distances along the lines that are to be
chamfered. Distance A will be applied to the first line
you select.
2.
Select the first line to chamfer.
Chamfer Length / Angle
3.
Select the adjacent line. The corner is chamfered.
Chamfer Distance / Angle
The chamfer is created by specifying the total chamfer length
(as opposed to the distance along the lines) and chamfer
angle.
1.
Enter the length and angle in the Inspector Bar. The
length is the total length of the diagonal chamfer line.
2.
Select the first line to chamfer.
3.
Select the adjacent line. The corner is chamfered.
The chamfer is created by specifying its distance along one
line and its angle from the second line.
1.
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Enter the distance and angle in the Inspector Bar. The
distance is measured along the first line you select.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
Line Length
Shrink / Extend Line
Shrinks or extends a line or line segment from either
endpoint. Double lines and multi lines can also be used. If
you use this tool on a polyline or polygon, any adjacent
segment will move to accommodate the new endpoint.
Trims or lengthens a line so that it meets another object.
Double lines and multi lines can also be used.
1.
Select the line or line segment close to the endpoint
you want to move.
2.
Move the cursor to set the new length, or enter the
length or delta in the Inspector Bar. Negative values
can be used, thereby extending the line in the opposite
direction.
If another segment meets the moved endpoint, it is
changed as well.
1.
Select the line you want to shrink or extend. Click near
the endpoint you want to move.
2.
Select the object that the line is to meet. The endpoint
of the line meets the selected object.
When shrinking a line, be sure to click near the endpoint that
will move, otherwise the wrong part of the line will be
deleted.
NOTE: You can use Line Length on splines and Beziers,
however the extension will be straight element of the curve,
not curved continuations as they are with arcs. 3D Polylines,
and splines can also be used, but the resulting geometry will
be derived relative to the objects workplane.
Local menu option:
Cleanup: Relevant for double lines, makes the cutlines
invisible, forming a clean intersection. See "Double Line
Options" on page 245.
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3.
The endpoints of the lines meet the selected object.
NOTE: You can use Shrink / Extend Line on splines and
Beziers, however the extension will be straight element of the
curve, not curved continuations as they are with arcs.
Multi Shrink / Extend Line
Similar to Shrink / Extend Line, trims or lengthens a group
of line so that they meets another object. Double lines and
multi lines can also be used.
1.
Select two points to draw a temporary “fence” that
passes over all of the lines you want to shrink or
extend. Be sure the fence intersects each line closest to
the endpoints you want to move.
NOTE: You can use Multi Shrink / Extend Line on splines and
Beziers, however the extension will be straight element of the
curve, not curved continuations as they are with arcs.
Arc Complement
Reverses the start and end angles of an arc. In other words,
the arc will become the portion of the original circle that was
cut.
2.
1.
Select the arc you want to modify.
2.
Click anywhere to create the arc complement.
The endpoints that will move are indicated by small
squares. Select the object that the lines are to meet.
TIP: When using this tool on arcs that are the result of
exploding a polyline, or created as the result of using the Arc
Divide option of the Edit Tool, this tool may select more than
one arc at a time. If this happens, move the arcs from each
other.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
Fillet
Local menu options:
Polyline: Fillets all corners of a polygon or polyline in one
step.
Connects two lines (either single or double lines) or arcs
(except elliptical arcs) with a smoothly fitted arc. The filleted
objects do not have to intersect, and they can overlap. The
result is a rounded corner.
NOTE: You can also fillet corners with the Edit Tool (see
"Filleting Two Line Segments" on page 224). To apply fillets to
a 3D polyline, see "Bolt" on page 387.
1.
Enter the fillet radius in the Inspector Bar.
2.
Select the first line or arc to fillet.
1.
Enter the fillet radius in the Inspector Bar.
2.
Select the multi-segmented object you want to fillet.
3.
Select Polyline from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
The fillet is applied to all corners.
To Lines and Arcs: The resulting object is broken into lines
and arcs. (The default, To Polyline, leaves the filleted object
as a single object, even if the objects were originally
separate.)
3.
Select the adjacent line or arc. The corner is rounded.
In Select mode, you can verify that the fillets are separate
objects.
If the objects overlap, they will be trimmed to create the
fillet. Be sure to select the side of the object you want to
remain.
The other local menu options apply to double lines. See
"Double Line Options" on page 245.
NOTE: You can use Fillet on splines and Beziers, however the
extension will be straight element of the curve, not curved
continuations as they are with arcs.
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Local menu options:
NOTE: You can use Fillet to change an arc on a polyline, but
only on arcs that are between two straight segments. Simply
select the two straight segments and the arc will be adjusted
to the radius of the fillet.
Fillet3D
Polyline: Fillets all corners of a polygon or polyline in one
step.
1.
Enter the fillet radius in the Inspector Bar.
2.
Select the multi-segmented object you want to fillet.
3.
Select Polyline from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
Available in TurboCAD Pro, and Platinum Only
The fillet is applied to all corners.
Creates a fillet on a 3D polyline
1.
Enter the fillet radius in the Inspector Bar.
2.
Select the first line or arc to fillet.
T-Meet 2 Double Lines
Forms a T intersection of two double lines. The first double
line selected will shrink or extend to meet the intersection.
3.
Select the double line that will be the stem of the T.
Click on the portion you want to remain.
2.
Select the line that will be the top of the T.
Select the adjacent line. The corner is rounded.
NOTE: You can re-fillet to the same to segments with a
different radius and the fillet will be adjusted.
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1.
The T intersection is created.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
If the stem of the T does not meet the other line, it will be
extended to create the intersection.
Join Polyline
Connects two or more separate objects, connected at their
endpoints, into a single-object polyline. Objects that overlap
cannot be joined.
NOTE: If you want to create a polyline from a partial chain of
segments, or if you have overlapping objects, see "Chain
Polyline" on page 244.
Local menu options:
See "Double Line Options" on page 245.
1.
Select the first object you wish to include in the
polyline. Selection order is not important.
2.
One by one, select the remaining objects to include.
3.
Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
Intersect 2 Double Lines
Forms an X intersection of two double lines, thereby
cleaning up the intersection.
1.
Select both lines whose intersection you want to
create.
The objects now comprise one object, as you can see in
Select mode.
2.
The X intersection is created.
You can also first select the objects, then activate Join
Polyline and immediately select Finish.
Local menu options:
Local menu options:
Delete Original Objects: Removes the original segments,
leaving only the polyline.
See "Double Line Options" on page 245.
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Auto joining: Automatically selects all objects connected to
the selected object. This option must be active before
selecting any segments. You can select any object in the
chain, not only the first or last object. If more than one
segment branches from an endpoint, the chain will stop.
3.
If overlaps are encountered, you must specify the path
to continue the chain.
4.
The chain proceeds until it reaches the last object, and
the polyline is created.
3D Polyline: Enables you to include objects located on
different workplanes.
Chain Polyline
Connects intersecting objects or portions of objects into a
single polyline. A chain of connected objects is created,
starting from a selected object and proceeding in a specified
direction.
NOTE: The difference between this tool and the Auto Joining
option of Join Polyline (see "Join Polyline" on page 243) is
that Chain Polyline enables you to create a partial chain, and
to work with overlapping objects.
1.
Select the object from which the chain will start.
2.
Set the direction in which the chain will proceed.
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If you do not want the chain to proceed all the way to the last
object, you can select Finish from the local menu or
Inspector Bar at any time.
NOTE: The original objects remain in the drawing.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
Double Line Options
Formatting Objects
You can specify how to create intersections of double lines,
and whether cut lines and gaps will occur at the intersections.
This section covers tools for setting the appearance and
format of drawing objects and other objects.
For example: if you form a clean T-intersection of two
double lines at an angle other than 90 degrees, the end of one
of the first line will be cut at an angle, and the second double
line will have a gap to accommodate the first double line.
Aligning Objects
Cleanup: Forms a clean intersection.
Aligns all currently selected objects, relative to the bounding
box of the selection.
You can display the Align toolbar by right-clicking in any
toolbar area and selecting Align.
1.
Select the objects you want to align.
2.
From the Align menu (or the Align toolbar), select the
type of alignment.
For example, Top moves the objects to the top of the
bounding box.
If you deselect Cleanup, the first line selected will remain
unbroken.
Drop CutLines: Removes the cut lines in the first line, to
even out the end of the line.
Middle align the objects horizontally along the middle of the
bounding box (as opposed to Center, which aligns
vertically).
Drop Gaps: Fills in the gap in the second line.
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Align Along Line
Align objects along a line.
1.
Select the objects you want to align.
2.
Select Along Line, or click the icon in the Align
toolbar.
3.
Define the location of the alignment line by selecting
one point, then select a second point to set the angle.
You can also enter the angle in the Inspector Bar.
For example, Top arranges the objects so that the tops of
their bounding boxes are evenly spaced vertically.
Bottom arranges the objects so that the bottoms of their
bounding boxes are evenly spaced vertically.
Distributing Objects
Distributes all currently selected objects, relative to a
specified location on the objects (top, left, center, etc.). There
must be at least three objects selected for this function to be
available.
Objects are distributed between the two most extreme
objects, i.e. the farthest left and the farthest right, or highest
and lowest. Object order is maintained (top to bottom or left
to right).
You can display the Distribute toolbar by right-clicking in
any toolbar area and selecting Distribute.
1.
Select the objects you want to distribute.
2.
From the Distribute menu (or the Distribute toolbar),
select the type of distribution.
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For vertical distribution, Middle means equal spacing
between reference points, and Space means equal spacing
between object bounding boxes. For horizontal distribution,
Center means equal spacing between reference points, and
Distance means equal spacing between object bounding
boxes.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
In this example, Object 2 is the highest, followed by 1, 3,
and 4.
After vertical distribution, the highest and lowest objects
(Objects 2 and 4) remain in place. Objects 1 and 3 are moved
so that top-to-bottom order remains the same: 2, 1, 3, 4.
NOTE: The opposite of Explode is to join objects into a group
(Format / Create Group). See "Groups" on page 289.
You can also use Explode to split solids that are difficult to
split using 3D editing tools. Different types of objects are
exploded differently, and use different explosion levels. Blocks
and groups are first broken into their individual objects, then
each object can then in turn be exploded. Polylines are broken
into individual segments. Dimensions are exploded into lines,
arrows, and text, then each of these can also be exploded.
Double-line objects are exploded into single lines. You can
explode a solid object twice to turn it into an exploded
(node-editable) surface object.
When using Explode, it can be helpful to open the Selection
Info Palette (see "Selection Info Palette" on page 191), so
that you can see the start condition and end results.
Exploding Example - Polyline
1.
Create a multi-segmented polyline (with Auto Add
Constraints off) and select it. In the Selection Info
Palette, the object type is indicated as “Polyline.”
2.
Select Explode, or click the Explode icon. The
polyline is exploded into one arc and one small
polyline.
3.
Select the small polyline.
Exploding Objects
Hotkey: Alt+Shift+E
Breaks an object, group, or block into its constituent parts.
Each explosion is one level deep, to preserve the hierarchical
structure of objects. Objects must be selected first in order to
be exploded.
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4.
Explode it into its constituent parts - two lines.
Stacking Objects
These are also available on the Align toolbar, opened by
right-clicking in any toolbar area and selecting Align.
Exploding Example - Text
1.
Use the Text tool (see "Inserting Text" on page 326) to
create a text object, and select it.
Objects are “stacked” when created - each object is created
“on top” of the previous object. This sometimes has no visual
effect, but stacking order can matter in the case of images
and filled or hatched objects.
NOTE: Stacking is not related to layers, and changing an
object’s layer does not effect its position in the object stack.
See "Layers" on page 116.
2.
Select Explode, or click the Explode icon. The text is
exploded into a Group of Graphics.
This example contains three filled objects that were created
in the indicated order:
3.
Explode again, and now the group consists of one
polyline representing each character.
TIP: You can press F6 to select the first object you created.
Keep pressing F6 to scroll through the objects in their creation
order. Press F7 to select the last object created, and repeat F7
to scroll backwards.
If you move the objects so that they overlap, you can see that
the first object is at the bottom of the stack; the last object is
at the top.
4.
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Select any character; it is identified as a polyline.
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1.
Select the circle and select Format / Bring to Front.
Format Painter
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Hotkey: Ctrl+Shift+P
Takes properties from one object and applies (“paints”) them
onto other objects. You can paint all properties or only
selected ones.
2.
3.
The circle is now at the top. This, in effect, changes the
creation order - the circle is now considered the most
recent object. (You can verify this by pressing F7.)
1.
Select the source object - the object with the properties
you want to apply to other objects.
2.
The Format Painter Palette appears in the palette area,
listing all the properties that can be painted.
Select the circle again and select Format / Back One.
Rather than sending the circle to the bottom of the
stack, it moves just one level down.
The list of properties depends on the selected object.
For instance, a text object will have a category for Text
properties; a sphere will have a category for Sphere
properties.
If you change the stacking order of multiple selected objects,
the selection set will move as a whole. The relative stacking
order of objects within the selection set is maintained.
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3.
By default, all properties are selected. If you want to
remove any properties, uncheck the relevant box.
4.
Select the object to which you want to paint the
properties.
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5.
6.
Select additional objects, if needed. Only the relevant
properties will be applied. For example, the circle’s
Brush properties are not applied to the polyline (open
objects cannot be filled).
Select Cancel from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
Regions
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Combines 2D closed objects to form one object, called a
region. Any overlap between selected objects is removed.
The results are identical to using 2D Add, except that this
tool requires that the objects be selected first. When using 2D
Add, you select the objects during the operation.
Convert to Curve
Menu: Format / Convert to Curve
Local menu options:
Make property values preset: If this is selected the Make
Property Value Presets dialog will appear. You can specify a
name and type of preset that you want to create. The
parameters of the preset will be generated from the object
you selected, and the properties you specified in the Format
Painter palette.
Converts a 2D object into a Bezier curve. Any single-line 2D
object can be converted. Objects like double lines,
dimensions, and text must be exploded first before
converting.
1.
Start with a 2D object such as a polyline. This example
uses a polyline consisting of both linear and arc
segments.
Use Palette: Displays or hides the Format Painter Palette.
Mark All: Selects all properties for painting. If the Format
Painter Palette is not displayed, the properties will appear in
a separate window.
If you select the polyline and view the Selection Info
Palette, you can see the object’s type.
Unmark All: Clears all properties for painting. If the Format
Painter Palette is not displayed, the properties will appear in
a separate window.
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Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
2.
To convert the polyline, select it and activate the
Convert to Curve function. The Tolerance value sets
the precision of the conversion; a small tolerance
means high precision, and therefore more control
points available for node editing.
Nodes and control points can be moved to change the curve’s
shape.
The polyline is replaced by a Bezier curve. This can be
verified in the Selection Info Palette.
If you edit the curve with the Edit Tool, you can see the
control points available for changing the curve’s shape. (For
details on Bezier options, see "Curve Properties" on page
168.) This curve used a low precision (Tolerance = 0.1).
This curve used a higher precision (Tolerance = 0.001).
Convert to curve also works on 2D objects that are
converted into 3D by entering a thickness in the 3D page of
the Properties.
Sharp corners will remain sharp when two adjacent line
segments cannot be approximated by an arc within the
specified tolerance. This could happen when the vertex is too
“sharp” which is defined by vertex angle, line lengths, and
tolerance.
Constraining Geometry
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Geometric constraints create positional relationships
between 2D sketch objects. When used in conjunction with
dimensional constraints (see "Constraining Dimensions" on
page 269), you can easily control and update objects and
dimensions.
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NOTE: These tools are used for constraining geometry after is
has been created. If you want to automatically constrain
geometry while it is created, make sure Auto Add
Constraints is active in the Inspector Bar.
NOTE: Constraints of selected objects can be viewed in the
Selection Info palette. See "Selection Info: Constraints" on
page 196.
Horizontal / Vertical Constraint
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
You can display the Constraints toolbar by right-clicking in
any toolbar area and selecting Constraints.
Options for constraints can be found in Program Setup; see
"Constraints" on page 66.
When you activate a constraint, the active layer switches to
“CONSTRAINTS.” (For details on layers, see "Layers" on
page 116.)
Makes a line horizontal or vertical.
1.
Start with a line.
2.
Activate the Horizontal or Vertical constraint.
3.
Click the line, which becomes horizontal or vertical.
Points Coincident Constraint
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
In the Inspector Bar, the Illuminate Suitable Entity option
is active by default. This means that only those objects that
can be selected for the constraint type will be highlighted
when the cursor passes over them. For example, if you are
using the Concentric constraint, only arcs, circles, and
ellipses will be highlighted and selectable.
When constraints are created, a constraint marker is attached
to the constrained objects. This marker is on the
CONSTRAINTS layer, in the layer’s color. This example
shows two lines that are constrained to be parallel.
Moves a point or endpoint to another point.
1.
Start with two lines and an arc.
2.
Activate the Points Coincident constraint, and click
an endpoint of the first line.
Constraint markers can be selected like other objects. To
remove a constraint, simply select and delete its marker.
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Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
3.
Click an endpoint of the second line.
The first line is moved so that the two points are
coincident. The length and orientation of the line is
maintained, and a constraint symbol appears at the
coincident point.
4.
Both lines move, and their lengths and orientations are
maintained.
6.
If you edit any of the objects, such as the arc in this
case, the coincident constraint will be maintained, and
the other objects will keep their size and orientation
(when possible).
Create another constraint between Point 1 . . .
Coincident Constraint
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Makes a vertex lie on another vertex, or on another object.
5.
. . . and Point 2 - an endpoint of the arc.
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1.
Start with two lines. Activate the Coincident
constraint and select the vertex you want to constrain.
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2.
Select the line which you want the vertex to lie on.
The vertex moves to the line, or to a point on the line’s
theoretical extension.
The endpoints now meet.
2.
If you constrain the vertex to the arc itself . . .
If you constrain the vertex to another vertex . . .
. . . the line joins the arc at the tangent point.
. . . the two vertices will meet.
Parallel Constraint
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
1.
This constraint is similar when using arcs and circles.
Start with a line and a circle, and constrain the line
endpoint to the arc endpoint.
Makes the first selected line parallel to the second selected
line.
1.
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Start with two lines. Activate the Parallel constraint
and select the line you want to be made parallel.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
2.
Select the line to which you want the first line to be
parallel.
2.
The lines are parallel, and the parallel constraint
symbol is added to both lines.
3.
If you edit either line, the parallel constraint will be
maintained.
Select the line to which you want the first line to be
perpendicular.
The lines are perpendicular, and the perpendicular
constraint symbol is added at the point where the lines,
or their extensions, meet.
3.
If you edit either line, the perpendicular constraint will
be maintained.
Perpendicular Constraint
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Makes the first selected line perpendicular to the second
selected line.
1.
If you apply this constraint to lines that do not intersect . . .
Start with two lines. Activate the Perpendicular
constraint and select the line you want to be made
perpendicular.
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. . . the perpendicular constraint symbol will appear along the
extension of one or both lines.
Tangent Constraint
3.
If you edit either object, the tangent constraint will be
maintained.
If you apply this constraint to a line whose offset will not
meet the arc/circle . . .
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Makes an arc or circle tangent to another arc or circle, or to
a line.
1.
. . . the line is moved so that its extension is tangent to the
circle.
Start with a line and an arc/circle. Activate the
Tangent constraint and select either object (when one
object is a line, the selection order does not matter).
You can also make two arcs/circles tangent to one another. In
this case, the first selected object will move to meet the
second selected object. If the arc does not meet the other
arc/circle . .
2.
Select the other object.
. . . the arc is moved so that its extension is tangent to the
arc/circle.
The line is moved, in an offset direction, so that it is
tangent to the arc/circle. The tangent constraint symbol
is added at the point of tangency.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
Connect Constraint
If you select the arc/circle first, and then the line . . .
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Moves, rotates, and trims arcs or lines so that the two
selected endpoints will be coincident, and the objects will be
tangent. If two lines are selected, they are connected with no
regard to tangency, equivalent to the Points Coincident
constraint.
1.
. . . the arc moves and the unselected line endpoint remains
in place.
Start with a line and an arc/circle. Activate the
Connect constraint and select the endpoint of the line
you want to connect to the arc.
You can also select two circle/arcs. Select the arc you wish
to move first . . .
2.
Select the endpoint of the arc to which the line will be
connected.
. . .and the first arc moves to connect to the second arc.
The line is moved, in an offset direction, so that it is
tangent to the arc/circle. The arc is trimmed as needed.
The connect constraint symbol is added at the point of
tangency.
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Concentric Constraint
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Makes two arcs/circles concentric - sharing the same center
point. You can also use this tool to place a point or endpoint
at the center of a circle or arc.
1.
Start with two arcs/circles. Activate the Concentric
constraint and select the arc/circle you want to make
concentric. This object will move to the second.
You can also use this tool on a point or line endpoint. Select
a circle/arc and the point or endpoint. . .
. . . and the circle/arc moves so that its center meets the
endpoint or point.
Symmetric Constraint
2.
Select the second arc/circle.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Makes two objects, or object endpoints, symmetric with
respect to a symmetry axis.
The first arc/circle moves, keeping its orientation, so
that it is concentric with the second. The concentric
constraint symbol (a plus sign) is added at the point of
tangency.
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1.
Start with three lines - one of which is the symmetry
line. In some cases the symmetry line will move as a
result of this constraint, so if you want it to remain in
place, fix it with a constraint such as Fix Geometry.
2.
Activate the Symmetric constraint and select the first
line.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
3.
Select the second line.
4.
Finally, select the symmetry line.
6.
To make both lines completely symmetric, apply the
Symmetric constraint to the other two endpoints.
The first two lines are now symmetric with respect to
the third.
7.
This constraint can also be used on circles and arcs. If
you select two arcs (not at their endpoints) . . .
5.
You can also use this constraint on endpoints. Select
Vertices 1 and 2, then select the symmetry line.
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The lines themselves keep their orientation, but their
endpoints are symmetric.
... they will become symmetric and have equal radii.
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8.
Like with lines, you can apply the Symmetry
constraint at both sets of endpoints. First the upper
endpoints . . .
Midpoint Constraint
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Align a point or the end of a line with the midpoint of a
selected line.
9.
1.
Start with a line and a constrained rectangle. Activate
the Midpoint constraint and select the end of the line
line you want to align to the midpoint of the side of the
rectangle.
2.
Select the side of the rectangle to align to its midpoint.
. . . then the lower endpoints.
The result is that both sets of endpoints are symmetric,
but the orientations of the arcs are still different,
because they have different radii.
10.
You can make the arcs completely symmetric by
adding an Equal Radius constraint.
NOTE: You could get the same results if you apply three
Symmetric constraints - one to the arcs themselves, and one
for both sets of endpoints.
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Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
The end of the line aligns with the midpoint of the
rectangles side.
3.
1.
Start with two circles/arcs. Activate the Equal Radius
constraint and select the arc whose radius you want to
change.
2.
Select the arc whose radius you want to assign to the
first arc.
Repeat the procedure with the other end of the line and
the opposite side of the rectangle.
The first arc’s radius changes to match the second. The
equal constraint (an equal sign) appears.
3.
Equal Radius Constraint
If you edit either arc, the equal radius constraint will be
maintained.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Makes the first selected circle/arc have the same radius as the
second circle/arc.
Equal Length Constraint
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
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Makes the first selected line have the same length as the
second line.
1.
Start with two lines. Activate the Equal Length
constraint and select the line whose length you want to
change.
2.
Select the line whose length you want to assign to the
first line.
1.
Start with four lines. Activate the Equal Distance
constraint and select the first line in the first set.
2.
Select the second line in the first set. This establishes
the distance for the next set.
3.
Select the first line in the second set.
4.
Select the second line in the second set.
The first line’s length changes to match the second.
The equal constraint (an equal sign) appears.
3.
If you edit either line, the equal length constraint will
be maintained.
Equal Distance Constraint
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Sets the distance between two lines or points to the same
value defined between two other lines or points. Sets of lines
are also made parallel.
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Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
The first set and second set of lines are made parallel.
The distance between the lines in the second set
matches the distance in the first set.
5.
If you edit any line, the equal length constraint will be
maintained.
6.
You can also apply this constraint to a row of lines or
points. Select the first and second lines.
7.
The third line is the same as the second, then select the
fourth.
The result is three lines, parallel and separated by the
same distance.
Change Chirality Constraint
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
This constraint tool provides two options for correcting
tangency of arcs. This tool is useful if arc tangency becomes
skewed when applying other constraint, or when editing
causes an arc to flip.
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1.
2.
3.
Start with two lines and an arc like these.
Apply a Connect constraint (see "Connect Constraint"
on page 257) at both ends of the arc so that it is tangent
to, and trimmed to, both lines. If you want a filleted
corner, this result does not have the desired arc
tangency.
5.
The other option is Change Chirality, which changes
the arc orientation. Select this option . . .
6.
. . . and select the arc.
7.
Then select the line whose tangency you want to keep
- the vertical line.
The first option is Flip Arc, which changes the arc to
its complement. Select this option . . .
This is the result - a filleted corner.
4.
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. . . and select the arc. The tangency along the vertical
line is fixed, but is still incorrect along the horizontal
line.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
Fix Geometry Constraint
3.
For another example of this tool, start with a line and
arc and apply a Connect constraint (see "Connect
Constraint" on page 257).
4.
The result is that the line maintains its orientation and
is tangent and trimmed to the arc.
5.
Undo this constraint, and apply a Fix Geometry
constraint to the line’s endpoint.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Locks an object or endpoint at its current coordinate,
preventing the object or point from moving when constraints
are applied.
NOTE: The fixed object or point can be moved while editing
geometry, but will not move when constraints are placed upon
it.
1.
To fix an object, activate the Fix Geometry constraint
and select the object you want to fix.
The anchor symbol indicates that the object is fixed.
Now the anchor symbol is attached to the endpoint.
2.
Now if you apply a constraint, such as Parallel in this
case, the non-fixed line will move, regardless of the
selection order.
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6.
Now apply the Connect constraint. The endpoint stays
fixed, and the orientations of the line and arc are
modified.
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7.
If you edit the line or arc, such as changing start or end
angles, the fixed point will not move, and the other
objects will move or rotate accordingly.
Auto Constraint
1.
Start with a polyline (see "Double Line: Polyline" on
page 148). Segment 1 is vertical, Segment 2 is
horizontal. After Segment 3, switch to arc segments.
Arc 4 is tangent to Segment 3, then close the polyline.
2.
Use Offset (see "Offset" on page 211) to make an
outward copy of the polyline.
3.
Activate Auto Constraint, and in the Inspector Bar
you can select which constraints you want to apply.
The available constraints are Points Coincident,
Parallel, Perpendicular, Concentric, Tangent, and
Equal Radius. In this example, all are selected.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Automatically applies multiple constraints to a selected set
of objects. You can use this tool on compound objects like
polygons and polylines; these objects are exploded before
constraint are applied. This is a useful tool for applying a fast
set of constraints on files created in previous versions of
TurboCAD.
NOTE: If you want to constrain objects while they are created,
and not after they are created, make sure Auto Add
Constraints is active in the Inspector Bar.
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Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
4.
Drag a selection box around all objects you want to
constrain.
5.
Click Finish, or select it from the local menu.
6.
You can test the constraints by editing one of the arcs.
Use the Edit Tool to increase the radius. All
constraints are maintained, but the offset is no longer
uniform.
7.
Undo, and apply constraints to maintain the offset
distance. Use Equal Distance (see "Equal Distance
Constraint" on page 262) to make the distance from
Segment 3-4 equal to Segment 1-2. Do the same for
Segment 5-6.
8.
Now if you edit either arc, the uniform offset is
maintained.
Constraint symbols are displayed for every identified
condition.
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9.
For another update, add a Connect constraint at the
corner shown.
1.
Start with a rectangle and draw a small circle inside it.
Fillet one corner (see "Fillet" on page 241).
This changes not only the specified corner, but its
offset corner as well.
2.
Activate Auto Dimension, and in the Inspector Bar
you can select which dimensions you want to identify
and label. The available dimensions are Radius,
Distance, Angular, and Parallel. In this example, all
are selected.
3.
Drag a selection box around all objects you want to
dimension.
4.
Click Finish or select it from the local menu.
Auto Dimension
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Automatically applies dimensions to a sketch.
NOTE: For detailed explanations of dimension tools, see
"Dimensions" on page 331. Auto Dimension is included in
this section because it works best in conjunction with
geometric constraints.
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Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
5.
This is the result - dimensions placed between all
identified endpoints. This occurs when objects are not
constrained. In particular, Points Coincident
constraints are needed to reduce the number of auto
dimensions.
6.
Undo the dimensions. The easiest way to constrain the
sketch is to use Auto Constraint (see "Auto
Constraint" on page 266). The result in this case
includes Tangent, Parallel, and Points Coincident
constraints.
7.
Use the same steps as before to apply auto dimensions.
This is the result.
Dimensions created this way are assigned variables,
which can be seen and edited in the dimensions’s
Properties (Format page), and in the Calculator
Palette (see "Calculator Palette - Variables" on page
52).
Constraining Dimensions
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
You can use the Calculator Palette to assign constraints to
dimensions, making them dependent on other dimensions or
values.
1.
Start with the same shape used to demonstrate Auto
Dimension (see "Auto Dimension" on page 268), and
apply Auto Constraints.
NOTE: You could also get the same constraints if you keep
Auto Add Constraints active in the toolbar while you are
creating geometry (rather than applying constraints after the
geometry has been created).
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2.
Add one more constraint: make the fillet and the circle
Concentric.
3.
In the Inspector Bar, make sure Auto Add
Constraints is active. With this active, all dimensions
you create will be placed as variables in the Calculator
Palette. Otherwise, dimensions will be created but they
cannot be constrained, or used as constraints for other
dimensions.
5.
Make sure the Calculator Palette is open (see
"Calculator Palette - Variables" on page 52). The four
dimensions you created are listed here, with a variable
name assigned to each.
6.
Select one of the dimensions, and the corresponding
item is highlighted in the list.
The dimension types that can be constrained are
Orthogonal, Parallel, Distance, Angular, Radius,
and Diameter.
4.
Apply Auto Dimension, and you should get the
following four dimensions:
NOTE: The dimension’s variable can also be seen and edited
in the Format page of its Properties.
7.
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Click the variable for the hole radius dimension, and
change its name to something meaningful, like
“HoleRad.” Avoid using spaces in variable names.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
8.
Change the remaining variable names.
9.
One way to constrain a dimension is to base it on
another dimension. For the fillet radius, click inside
the Formula field and enter a formula that makes the
fillet radius a set amount (0.5” in this example) larger
than the hole radius.
10.
Press Enter and the fillet radius updates based on the
current value of the hole radius. The drawing updates
as well.
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11.
You can also constrain dimensions to have an exact
value, such as the value below for “Length.” Width can
also be constrained to be a constant factor (such as 1/2)
of the length.
12.
You can also define a new variable independent of any
of the current dimensions. “PinRad” is the radius of the
pin that fits in the hole, and is assigned a numerical
value.
13.
Once “PinRad” is defined, the hole radius can be made
to a set amount larger than the pin.
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NOTE: The point is added because a circle’s center point is not
identified as an object; a physical point must be placed there.
14.
15.
272
16.
Add a Radius dimension to the new circle, and its
variable appears in the constraint list.
17.
If you try placing an Equal Radius constraint on the
two circles, you will receive an error message:
18.
When you click OK, the problem dimensions are
indicated.
If “PinRad” is updated, then both “HoleRad” and
“FilletRad” are automatically updated.
You can also constrain new dimensions, as long as
Auto Add Constraints is active. Create another
circle, and inside this circle add a point (see "Point" on
page 137). Make the point and the circle Concentric.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
This occurs because the second circle is considered to
already have a set radius, once it is dimensioned. So
constraining it to be equal to the first circle is
contradictory. You could have assigned the Equal
Radius constraint before assigning the dimension.
19.
2.
Create a rectangle and add a small circle. The rectangle
should have parallel and coincident constraints
assigned automatically.
3.
Select the circle and use Fit Linear Copy to copy the
circle into a grid. (See "Fit Linear Copy" on page 208
4.
Assign some Orthogonal dimensions as shown. (See
"Orthogonal Dimension" on page 340).
Undo, and use a dimensional constraint to set the
radius, making it equal to “HoleRad.”
Constraining Pattern - Copied Objects
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
This section refers to objects copied in patterns (lines, linear
arrays, radial arrays), using the Copy Entities tools (see
"Copying Objects" on page 206).
When you copy objects in a pattern, you can use Auto
Constraints and dimension variables to control spacing,
angles, etc.
This example uses a circle copied into a linear array.
1.
Before you begin, make sure Auto Add Constraints
is active in the Inspector Bar.
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5.
Open the Calculator palette (F2) and the dimensions
should be shown, identified by a variable. In this
example, the variables were assigned names (L, E1,
E2).
7.
To fix this, activate the Parallel constraint and click
first the array constraint line, then the top line of the
rectangle.
NOTE: For more information on working with variables, see
"Calculator Palette - Variables" on page 52
6.
Create a formula so that the two edge dimensions will
be equal. In this case, the variable E1 was used as the
formula for E2.
Now the array is perpendicular again.
The dimensions update, and the spacing between
copied objects remains constant. However, in this case,
the linear array does not have a 90 degree angle.
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Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
2D Boolean Operations
2.
Boolean operations use two or more existing 2D objects to
create a new object. Objects can be combined, subtracted,
and intersected.
You can display the Boolean and Facet toolbar by
right-clicking in any toolbar area and selecting Boolean and
Facet.
Select Finish Selecting from the local menu or
Inspector Bar.
The resulting object is one region. You can verify this by
selecting the region.
NOTE: 3D objects can also be combined using Boolean
operations. See "3D Boolean Operations" on page 432
The object created as a result of a 2D Boolean operation is
considered a region. You can use the Selection Info Palette
to determine the type of any object or objects you select. See
"Selection Info Palette" on page 191.
The selected objects do not have to overlap. If you combine
non-overlapping objects, they will still be combined into one
region. You can verify this by selecting the region.
Selection order can be important, because the properties
(color, layer, etc.) of the resulting region are taken from the
first object selected.
2D Add
Combines 2D closed objects to form one region. Any
overlap between selected objects is removed.
2D Subtract
NOTE: The results of 2D Add are identical to using Format /
Create Region.
1.
Select two or more closed objects to combine.
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Subtracts one or more objects from one or more objects, to
form one region.
1.
Select one or more objects to subtract area from.
2.
Select Finish Selecting from the local menu or
Inspector Bar.
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3.
Select one or more objects to subtract from the
previously selected objects.
4.
Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
The second group of objects is removed from the first
group.
The resulting object is one region. You can verify this by
selecting the region.
You can select more than two objects, but they must all
intersect one another.
The resulting object is one region. You can verify this by
selecting the region.
NOTE: If you select objects that do not overlap, the result will
be no objects (original objects deleted).
2D Intersect
Produces the intersection of two or more closed 2D objects,
to form a region.
1.
Select two or more objects whose intersection you
want to obtain.
2.
Select Finish Selecting from the local menu or
Inspector Bar.
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Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
Measuring
Coordinates of a Point
You can also display the Measurement toolbar by
right-clicking in any toolbar area and selecting
Measurement.
Select the point, and its coordinates are displayed in the
Measurement Info Palette.
Measurement tools are are constrained to the current
workplane. If you snap to a point that does not lie on the
workplane, that point will be projected onto the workplane.
Make sure the workplane is set properly for the objects you
wish to measure, or the measured values will not be accurate.
See "Workplanes" on page 362
Results of measuring are displayed in the Measurement Info
Palette, which is opened automatically when using a
measuring tool.
TIP: To copy the contents of the Measurement Info Palette to
the Windows clipboard, use the Copy command from the local
menu. You can then paste the information into any word
processor, text editor or other program that will accept text.
The Measurement Info Palette can be set to keep a history of
all the measurements you take. Use the Keep History button
at the top of the palette to retain measurement history. Use
the Clear Content button to delete the content of the palette.
Measuring Distance
Measures the distance between two points, the cumulative
length between additional points, or the length of entire
objects (perimeter).
1.
Select two points to define the distance you want to
measure.
The distance and deltas in X and Y are listed in the
Measurement Info Palette.
The default coordinate units are those set in the Space Units
page of the Drawing Setup (see "Space Units" on page 71.)
You can adjust the units by selecting an option from the
Inspector Bar or local menu. English units are available in
fraction and decimal formats, and metric units can be
displayed as well.
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2.
If needed, continue selecting points. The outline of
selected segments is indicated by a thick line.
1.
Select the first object.
2.
Select the second object. The total length is calculated
based on the shortest line connecting the two
endpoints.
The first listed measurement is the total length of
segments. The second group of measurements relate to
the first and last points - in this case, Point 1 and Point
3. The last group applies to the last segment only
(Point 2 to Point 3).
NOTE: When selecting objects, be sure to click close to the
desired start point. If you select close to the wrong end, you
may obtain an incorrect measurement.
3.
Continue selecting points, in order, to determine the
perimeter of the object.
3.
Select additional objects if needed. The total distance,
deltas between the first and last points, and data for the
last segment are listed in the Measurement Info
Palette.
NOTE: If you want to obtain the measurements of curved
objects, you need to use the local menu options.
Local menu options:
By Entity: Enables you to select two or more objects to
determine their total length.
Single Entity: Measures the distance of a single object.
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Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
1.
Select the desired object.
Measuring Angles
Measures the angle between three points, or between two
lines.
1.
The total distance and data deltas between the first and
last points are listed in the Measurement Info Palette.
2.
If you select another object, the data from the first
object disappears, and is replaced by that for the new
object.
Select three points that define the angle you want to
measure.
The angle is measured and displayed. It is calculated
according to the order of selected points.
The angle is also displayed in the Measurement Info
Palette.
Local menu option:
By Entity: Measures the angle between two lines. The lines
must intersect (this tool does not infer where extensions of
lines will meet).
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1.
Select the first line. The point you select on the line
defines the angle that will be measured.
Measuring Area
Measures the area of a closed defined boundary.
2.
1.
Select points to define segments of the boundary. The
points do not have to lie on existing objects; they can
be anywhere. A thick line indicates the progress of the
boundary.
2.
Select the first point again to close the boundary, or
select Close from the local menu or Inspector Bar. The
defined area is filled.
3.
The calculated area is displayed in the Measurement
Info Palette.
Select the second line, and the angle is displayed.
In this example, if you selected the lines in a different
location, you will measure a different angle.
Local menu option:
By Entity: Enables you to select the entire perimeter of an
object.
You can also use this option to define a chain along a portion
of an object. This is useful when you need to measure the
area of curved objects.
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Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
1.
Select a closed object, or select points along a portion
of an object.
Measuring Volume
Select the object. Its volume is displayed in the Measurement
Info Palette.
2.
Select the first point again to close the boundary, or
select Close from the local menu or Inspector Bar. The
defined area is filled.
You can also use By Entity to define a boundary along more
than one object.
NOTE: To select multiple surfaces hold down the Shift key.
Curve Length
Measuring Surface Area
This tool works exactly the same as the Measure Distance.
Select a surface. Its surface area is displayed in the
Measurement Info Palette.
Click on a 2D or 3D curve. Its length is displayed in the
Measurement Info Palette.
NOTE: To select multiple surfaces hold down the Shift key.
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Select a second point on the curve to measure a partial length
of the curve.
The parameters of the closed area appear in the Geometric
Parameters window.
Geometric Parameters
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
NOTE: You can display the Special Tools toolbar by
right-clicking in any toolbar area and selecting Special Tools.
Calculates engineering properties (area, center of gravity,
moments of inertia, etc.) for a 2D closed object.
1.
Click OK to close the window, and select Finish from the
local menu or Inspector Bar to exit the tool.
Local menu options:
By Closed Graphic (default): Selects a single closed object.
Select the closed area.
By Closed Area: Click inside a closed area to obtain the
properties for only that area.
2.
The area is highlighted, and its axes are indicated in
red.
Relative Axis: Enables you to define another axis for the
calculation of the properties.
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Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
Tracing
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
• Thinning Level: Reduces line widths.
The Lines Connection page contains parameters
relevant when Connect Lines is activated.
The Trace tools originate from the stand-alone ScanPro
application, which has now been incorporated into
TurboCAD Pro. They enable you to create 2D
raster-to-vector tracings of inserted pictures (see "Inserting a
Picture" on page 173) or of geometric objects.
Trace tools are available on the Tools toolbar, which you can
display by right-clicking in any toolbar area and selecting
Tools.
Before creating a tracing, it’s important to understand the
local menu options, since these greatly affect the appearance
and quality of the trace.
Trace Options: Settings for trace quality.
The General page provides options for the Picture
Type. The Detail Level and Color Level values
update with the picture type.
• Max Gap for Connection: The largest gap which will
be closed when connecting lines.
• Max Length for Deletion: The largest segment that
can be deleted, i.e., breaking the lines on either side.
• Ortho Angle: The angle at which line segments will
be joined into polylines.
Curve Recognition: Traced polylines will be created as
curves. Otherwise they will be created as lines and polylines.
Connect Lines: Disconnected lines will be merged into a
single line. The tolerances for connected lines are set in the
Lines Connection page of the Trace Options.
Grab the Window: If on, then the tracing is made directly
behind the traced objects. If off, the tracing is saved to the
buffer.
The Trace page controls the quality of the tracing.
The advantage to grabbing the window is speed, but
some artifacts may be left on the image (grid, flyout
controls, etc.). When not used, there are no artifacts,
and the image size is limited only by system memory.
However, the tracing takes longer, especially in render
mode.
• Smooth Level: Reduces jags and discontinuities in
lines and curves.
• Noise Level: Reduces spots.
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Preview Mode: A trace preview will appear in magenta over
the image.
Trace by Rectangle
Creates a tracing of all objects within a selection rectangle.
Tracing Colors: By default, all colors will be used for
tracing. This option is used when you want to trace around
only selected colors.
This example uses the following inserted picture:
The following two options are relevant only for Trace by
Point:
Show / Hide Trace Rectangle: Toggles the display of the
tracing rectangle, defined by its aperture size.
Nearest Graphic Only: Traces only the object closest to the
tracing rectangle’s center, identified by crosshairs.
To easily see the results of the trace, it is good practice to
place the inserted picture on its own layer (see "Layers" on
page 116), which can then be blanked.
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Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
1.
Activate Trace by Rectangle and define the selection
rectangle. (You can also use fields in the Inspector Bar
to control the rectangle size.) If Preview Mode is on,
the traced lines will appear in magenta.
2.
Select Finish from the Inspector Bar or the local menu.
3.
Move or delete the picture, or simply blank its layer, to
see the tracing.
In the above example, the text lines did not trace completely.
To improve trace quality, you can increase the zoom of the
traced objects.
The previous example traced around all colors. If you only
wanted to trace around the shaded area of the center link, you
would use the Tracing Colors option, which must be set
before starting the trace.
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When the Select Colors to Trace window opens, click on
the colors you want to include. The colors then appear as
blocks in the window.
Trace by Point
This tool is basically the same as Trace by Rectangle, with
a different way of defining the trace area. The selection area
is sized by the Aperture field, which is the length of each
side of a square whose center is represented by crosshairs.
The result is a trace only around the center link.
Using the same example picture as for Trace by Rectangle,
place the cursor at the center of the desired selection area.
NOTE: Trace colors remain active for future traces, so it is
important to click Reset (to zero colors) if necessary.
In addition to pictures, you can also trace around geometric
objects. This example is a solid torus, rotated and displayed
in Hidden Line mode.
The results are the same - all objects within the area will be
traced.
If Nearest Graphic Only is active, then only the object
closest to the crosshairs will be traced.
Detail Section
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Deluxe only
The trace is created in the current viewing plane. The result
is shown below, rotated so that the 2D trace can be seen:
The section detail tool allows you to create a 2D detail
section of 2D elements for part of your drawing. The Detail
Section tool ignores 3D objects entirely.
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1.
Select the Detail Section tool.
2.
In the Inspector bar specify the scale for the detail
section.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 7 Editing and Modifying 2D Objects
3.
Select an existing, closed 2D shape (polyline, curve,
circle) to act as the cutting contour for the section.
4.
Drag the detail to the desired location.
NOTE: Dimensions and text that are not entirely within the
cutting contour will be ignored/excluded from the resulting
detail section. Hatches within the detail area are not scaled in
the resulting detail section.
Local menu option:
Trim by circle: If you select this option you define the
cutting contour drawing a cutting circle. Simply select the
center point of the circle, then the radius. After that you just
drag the resulting detail to its new location.
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288
For updates and additional information,
8 Groups, Blocks, and the Library
Groups, blocks, and symbols are features that enable you to
combine and store multiple objects for easy access, and for
additional and future use.
Auto-Naming
Groups
Two or more objects can be combined as a group. A group is
treated as a single object for purposes of selecting and
editing.
By default, each new group, block, or symbol is assigned a
name automatically. These names are numbered, and the
number increases by one whenever you add a new group,
block, or symbol to the drawing, ensuring that each has a
unique name. By default, the generated names are "Group 1",
"Group 2", "Block 1", "Block 2", "Symbol 1," "Symbol 2,"
and so forth.
Each group contains its own drawing data. This means that
making a copy of a group increases the size of your model.
If you need to create several groups of numerous or complex
objects, you may want to use blocks instead. Blocks are
stored in a library, and each instance of the block refers to
this external source, without significantly increasing the file
size. See "Blocks" on page 291.
You can change the default naming settings in the
Auto-Naming page of the Program Setup See
"Auto-Naming" on page 64.
Because groups can contain groups and blocks, they can be
complex hierarchical structures. The structure of a group can
be seen in the Selection Info Palette (View / Selection Info),
which can also be used to edit a group’s contents. See
"Selection Info Palette" on page 191.
The “@” symbol is a placeholder where the actual number
will be inserted. For example, if you type "Part @" in the
Group name prefix field, the first group you create will
automatically be named "Part 1", and the next group will be
named "Part 2". If the Group name prefix is "#@ gear," the
groups will be named "#1 gear," "#2 gear," etc.
NOTE: The first '@' that you include in the name is a
placeholder for the automatic number. Any '@' characters that
occur after the first one will be part of the actual name.
Creating a Group
Combines all selected objects into a group. This tool is
available on the Groups and Blocks toolbar, or on the icon in
the Drawing Tools.
1.
Create the objects you want to combine into a group.
Each object is initially separate, as you can see in
Select mode.
2.
Select all the objects you want to include.
3.
Click the Create Group tool or select Create Group.
The name of a group or symbol (not a block) is listed on the
General page of the Properties window, in the Attribute
field. You can use this field to change the name (or path, for
a symbol).
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4.
If Auto-naming is not used, you must assign the group
name.
You can highlight any component of the group to view its
individual properties as well.
The group is created, and the objects are now selected
as one object.
Editing a Group
NOTE: The new group will be placed on Layer 0 if its
components are originally on different layers. See "Layers" on
page 116. If you explode a group, the objects will return to their
original layers. Layer 0 should always be left visible, or newly
created groups will instantly “disappear.”
If you open the Selection Info Palette, you can view the
contents and properties of a selected group.
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This example will use the following group, consisting of four
objects:
1.
Select the group, and select Edit Group Content. If
the Selection Info Palette is open (see "Selection Info
Palette" on page 191), you can also click the Edit
Content button on the palette toolbar.
2.
You are now in edit mode, and the screen contains only
the group’s objects. You can add objects, delete
objects, or edit existing objects. Whatever appears on
the screen will become part of the edited group.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 8 Groups, Blocks, and the Library
3.
When finished, select Finish to Edit Group, or click
Finish Edit Content in the Selection Info Palette.
The group now contains the edited and new objects.
NOTE: A drawing’s block library is internal to the drawing, and
is stored with the file. Symbol libraries are similar but are
stored separately, and can be accessed while in any drawing.
If you need to create a group of objects that will be used in
multiple drawings, create a symbol. See "Loading Symbol
Folders into the Library" on page 309.
If you want to import the entire contents of another file
(TurboCAD or other format) as a block, see "External
References" on page 303.
Because blocks can contain individual objects, groups, and
other blocks, they can be complex hierarchical structures.
For block manipulation, use the Blocks Palette (View /
Blocks).
Exploding a Group
To break a group into its constituent parts, select it, then
select Explode, or click the Explode icon.
TIP: You can use the TC Explorer Palette to view blocks of any
open drawing, and to drag blocks to and from drawings. See
"Blocks" on page 94.
Creating a Block
If you explode a group that contains nested groups or blocks,
the nested groups will remain intact. Each sub-group must be
exploded separately. See "Exploding Objects" on page 247.
Blocks
One or more objects can be combined and stored as a block.
A block is treated as a single object for purposes of selecting
and editing.
Each block is stored in the drawing’s internal library, and
each instance of the block is a reference to this source. This
means that numerous instances of a block can be added to the
model without significantly increasing the file size. Groups
are similar, but they are not linked to sources; each group
contains its own drawing data. See "Groups" on page 289.
Combines all selected objects into a block. Objects can
include drawing objects, images, OLE objects, groups, and
other blocks. Blocks can be comprised of 2D and 3D objects.
WARNING: You should move all objects to be used in a block
to Layer 0, before creating the block. Many features will not
work properly otherwise.
1.
Create the objects you want to combine into a block.
Each object is separate, as you can see in Select mode.
You can set the reference point of the objects before
creating the block (see "Changing the Reference
Point" on page 199), or you can change it later.
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2.
Select the objects you want to include in the block.
Creating a Block by Drag and Drop
3.
Click Create Block. Or see "Creating a Block by Drag
and Drop" on page 292.
To create a block this way, the Blocks Palette must be open.
Select Blocks palette, or the Blocks Palette tab.
4.
If auto-naming is not used, you must assign the block
name. (See "Auto-Naming" on page 289.)
1.
Select the objects that you want to combine into a
block. Click and hold the reference point (the yellow
circle). The cursor turns into a double arrow.
2.
Drag the objects into the Blocks Palette. If
auto-naming is not used, assign a block name.
3.
The block appears in the Blocks Palette.
Check Insert at current location to create the block in
place. Otherwise, the block will be removed from the
drawing and stored in the library for future insertion.
5.
The block is created. If the block is inserted in the
drawing, you can select it as one object.
Inserting a Block
Blocks are created on Layer 0, even if their components are
on other layers. To insert the block, see "Inserting a Block"
on page 292.
If you open the Blocks Palette, you can see each block you
have created. You can also add blocks to the drawing, edit
blocks and create new blocks using this palette.
To insert a block into the drawing, simply drag it out of the
Blocks Palette and drop it into your drawing. The inserted
block will still be selected after you place it, so that you can
move, scale, or rotate it. See "Select Edit" on page 198.
Blocks are placed on Layer 0, even if their components are
on other layers. Layer 0 should always be left visible, or
blocks will instantly “disappear.”
TIP: You can use the TC Explorer Palette to drag blocks to and
from drawings. See "Blocks" on page 94.
Block Insertion Properties
WARNING: Do not include lights in a block. If you do, the lights
will remain in their original locations regardless of where you
place the block in your drawing.
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These properties can be used if you want to change any
aspect of the block instance - its location, scale, angle, or the
block reference itself. For any block, open the Properties
window and open the Block Insertion page.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 8 Groups, Blocks, and the Library
For example, a block was inserted, then moved, rotated, and
resized.
Inserting Blocks into Another File or
Application
You can also use the drag-and-drop technique to insert
blocks into another open file.
Its Block Insertion page contains the current values for
Position, Rotation, and Scale.
Dragging a block into another drawing accomplishes two
things: it inserts the block into the target drawing, and it
places the block into the library of the target document. The
target drawing must be open and its window must be visible
on the screen. (Use Window / Tile to see all open windows.)
After you drag the block, the target file becomes the active
window.
Drag-and-drop can also be used to place blocks, symbols, or
any selected objects into other Windows applications, such
as Microsoft Word or graphics programs.
NOTE: You can also use File / Extract To to export all blocks
into another file.
Inserting Blocks from Another File
You can change the values in this window, or use the Select
Edit tools and see the updated values in these fields.
To replace a selected block with another block, select the
replacement block from the list and click Replace with.
Click OK to implement the change.
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The Insert / File tool can be used to insert some or all blocks
from another file into the current drawing (see "Inserting a
File" on page 172). If both drawing have blocks with
identical names, you can choose whether to ignore or replace
them.
TIP: You can also use File / Extract From to insert selected
components like blocks (or layers or other settings) from
another file into your drawing. However, this method will insert
all blocks, without enabling you to pick and choose.
1.
Select Auto Naming and make sure that Prompt for
Name is checked for Blocks.
2.
Select Insert / File and choose a file containing one or
more blocks you wish to insert.
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3.
Use the Add Blocks window to select the blocks to
import:
Using Insert / File also adds all drawing objects found in the
source file. However, you can press Undo (Ctrl+Z)
immediately after using Add Blocks to clear the imported
objects, leaving only the imported blocks. You may have to
undo twice, to remove objects both in Model Space and
Paper Space. Other source file components like layers,
lights, and views will also be inserted, but they can be
deleted manually if needed.
WARNING: If the source file and current drawing have layers or
other components with identical names, the layers will be
replaced with those of the inserted file.
There are other ways to import blocks from another drawing,
without importing other components:
The left panel displays the blocks found in the selected file,
and the right panel displays any blocks that exist in the
current drawing. Select the mode (Add, Replace, or Ignore)
and click the relevant button at the top right (Add, Add /
Replace All, etc.) to generate the blocks. If you want to pick
and choose the blocks to add, make sure Process all
additional blocks is not checked.
Generate name: Assigns a new name to a block you wish to
add.
Modes: The options here depend on the selected block, and
whether a block with the same name already exists in the
current drawing.
• Open both the source file and new file, and select
Windows / Tile so that you can see both drawing
windows. Use the Blocks Palette to drag blocks from
the source file to the new file. This method imports the
blocks only.
• In the source file, select the blocks you want to export
(select in the drawing area, not in the Blocks Palette).
Copy the blocks (Ctrl+C or Edit / Copy), and paste
them (Ctrl+V) into the destination file. The Add
Blocks window will appear. This method imports both
the blocks and the layers the blocks are on.
• Add block(s): Adds the selected block.
• Replace block(s): The blocks from the external file
will replace those in the current drawing.
• Ignore block(s): Click Ignore All and the blocks will
not be added.
Options:
• Process all additional blocks: Adds and/or replaces
all blocks found in the source file.
• Generate block name with prefix: Assigns a name
automatically, with the specified prefix, to the inserted
blocks.
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Chapter 8 Groups, Blocks, and the Library
Editing a Block
The icon for the block is updated to reflect the edited
components. Any instances of the block already in the
drawing are updated, including resized and scaled
blocks.
(Changing a block’s contents)
You can use any editing or node editing tool to modify,
move, copy, add, etc. objects that comprise a block.
This example use the block shown below, consisting of four
objects. The block name is “Logo.”
Relocating a Block Reference Point
Hotkey: Ctrl+Shift+R
1.
In the Blocks Palette, select the block, and click Edit
Content.
A block is inserted by placing its reference point. By default,
the reference point is at the center of extents of the entire
block, but this location can be changed.
2.
3.
1.
In the Blocks Palette, select the block, and click Edit
Content.
2.
Activate Relocate Block Ref Point. The default
reference point appears, as a yellow circle.
In edit mode, the screen contains only the block
components, which are available for editing. You can
add, delete, or edit objects. Whatever appears on the
screen will become part of the edited block.
When finished, right click and select Finish
block/group editing, or click Finish Edit Content in
the Blocks Palette.
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3.
Click to specify the new location for the reference
point.
4.
Select Finish to Edit Block, or click Finish Edit
Content in the Blocks Palette.
2.
Make the necessary changes in the Edit Block
window.
3.
After the changes are made, any description you add
will be displayed as a tool tip on the block icon.
Now when you insert the block by dragging, you will
drag it by the new reference point.
Copying a Block
This section is on copying a block to create a new block. To
create copies of the same block in the drawing, you can use
any of the standard editing tools. See "Copying Objects in
Select Edit" on page 203 or "Copying Objects" on page 206.
NOTE: For any instance of a block you can move its reference
point and rotation bar. (See "Changing the Reference Point"
on page 199 or "Changing the Rotation Bar" on page 200.)
However, this change only affects the block itself and any
copies of it. New instances of the block will use the block’s
defined reference point.
Changing a Block Name and Description
1.
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To change a block name or add a description,
double-click the block icon in the Blocks Palette.
1.
To copy a block, select it in the Blocks Palette and
click Copy.
2.
Depending on the Auto-Naming settings, a copy will
be created with a generated name, or you will be
prompted for a name. See "Auto-Naming" on page
289.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 8 Groups, Blocks, and the Library
3.
The new block appears in the Blocks Palette, and can
be edited like any other block. See "Editing a Block"
on page 295.
To replace an instance of a single block, open its Properties
to the Block Insertion page. Use the Replace with button to
replace it with another block.
Exploding a Block
To break a block into its constituent parts, select it, then
select Explode, or click the Explode icon.
Deleting a Block
1.
To delete a block, select it in the Blocks Palette and
click Delete.
If you explode a block that contains nested groups or blocks,
the nested groups will remain intact. Each sub-block must be
exploded separately. See "Exploding Objects" on page 247.
Block Attributes
2.
In the Delete Block window, click one of the
following:
• Remove all references: Deletes all instances of the
block but leaves the block in the palette for future use.
• Remove block with all references: Deletes the block
and all instances. Be careful when using this option,
because it cannot be undone.
A block attribute is AutoCAD- informational text associated
with a block, that you can enter whenever you insert a block.
TurboCAD reads and displays block attributes from
AutoCAD drawings (DWG) and DXF files.
1.
Create the objects that comprise the blocks.
Replacing Blocks
One convenient feature of blocks is that they can easily be
replaced by other blocks. You can replace all blocks in the
drawing, or just selected blocks.
1.
(You can also add a block attribute after a block has
been created, in Edit mode. This is done the same way
as adding another geometric object. See "Editing a
Block" on page 295.)
To replace instances of a block, select the block in the
Blocks Palette and click Replace References.
2.
2.
In the Replace Block Reference window, select the
replacement block. You can also choose to replace all
instances in the entire drawing, or just those in the
active space (visible).
3.
Click OK to implement the change.
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Select Block Attribute Definition. Select the start
point for the text, preferably on or near the block
objects.
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3.
Type the “tag” name for the block attribute, such as
“COST.” This name is used to uniquely identify the
attribute within the block, since more than one
attribute can be created. If the drawing will be sent to
AutoCAD, do not use spaces (use underscores
instead).
• Invisible: The text of the block attribute is not
displayed in the drawing. You can see the information
in the Selection Info Palette or edit it by displaying the
block's properties.
WARNING: When you explode a block containing invisible
block attributes, the information is lost.
• Constant: The attribute value is fixed and
unchangeable. It is shown to you during block
insertion. Exploding the block will turn the block
attribute into text that can then be edited.
NOTE: This tool works like the text tool, in terms of alignment
and local menu options. See "Inserting Text" on page 326.
4.
5.
Enter the prompt and default value in the Inspector
Bar, or you can enter these properties later. For
example, the Prompt can be “How much does it
cost?” and Default can be $0.00.
Press Enter to finish the definition. You can create
multiple attributes, such as Part Number, Owner, etc.
Once the block attribute is created, you can open its
Properties to add or change the Tag, Prompt and Default
values, as well as Mode.
• Verify: Prompts you to verify that the attribute value is
correct when you insert the block. In AutoCAD, the
attribute value is shown for your verification during
block insertion if the AutoCAD variable ATTDIA is
set to 0. This flag has no effect in TurboCAD as it takes
place in AutoCAD when the variable ATTDIA is set
to 1.
• Preset: Sets the attribute to its default value when you
insert a block containing a preset attribute. In
AutoCAD, you are not prompted for a value if the
AutoCAD variable ATTDIA is set to 0. This flag has
no effect in TurboCAD as it takes place in AutoCAD
when the variable ATTDIA is set to 1.
When the block attributes are defined, simply include them
in the selection of objects that will make up the new block.
Mode: Affects how the dialog appears when the block is
inserted:
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 8 Groups, Blocks, and the Library
Setting Block Attributes
When you insert a block that has one or more attributes, a
window will appear that gives the prompt and offers the
default value. For example, the prompt says "What does it
cost?" the default value is $0.00. The value can be changed
to another value, in this case, $3.50.
For multiple attributes, use the Next and Previous buttons to
set values for all of them.
When the block is inserted, the value is included with the
objects.
When a block has attributes defined, its Properties will
contain an additional page - Block Attribute. You can edit
each attribute value in this window, using the Next and
Previous buttons to scroll through multiple attributes.
Sync Attributes
Sometimes it is necessary to add attributes to blocks after
many instances of the blocks have already been inserted into
the drawing. In this case the new attributes are not
automatically added to the prior insertions. The Sync
Attributes button will add the new attributes to the older
blocks.
The values for these newly synced attributes within the older
blocks will be the default value you assign to the attribute
when you create it.
Extracting Block Attributes
If you attach attributes to blocks, you can extract these
attributes and display them in a table. You can also export the
attributes to a report in an external file.
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1.
NOTE: If you want to create a schedule for architectural
elements in your file (walls, slabs, windows, or doors), without
defining block attributes, see "Schedule Styles" on page 592.
Select Extract Attributes. In this window you can
select the blocks and attributes that will be included in
the schedule or report.
This example has three blocks used to mark windows, doors,
and slabs.
NOTE: You can re-order a a column by dragging its header to
the new location.
• Scan Entire Drawing: Attributes will be extracted
from all paper spaces and model space.
Here are the three blocks in the Blocks Palette.
• Scan Model Space: Attributes will only be extracted
from model space.
• Scan Current Space: Attributes will be extracted
from the current model space or paper space.
• Scan Selected Entities: Attributes will be extracted
only from currently selected objects.
• Scan Groups: If any groups contain blocks, these
blocks will be scanned for attributes.
• Scan Nested Block: If blocks contain nested blocks,
these nested blocks will be scanned for attributes.
• Include Xrefs: The content of Xrefs will also be
scanned.
• The Blocks list contains all blocks that have attribute
definitions. The Properties list all attributes found for
the blocks checked in the Blocks list.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 8 Groups, Blocks, and the Library
• Show Summary List: The Properties list contains all
attributes for all blocks checked in the Blocks list.
4.
Select the “Window Mark” block and check “COST”
and “TYPE.”
• Show Selected Block Properties: The Properties list
contains attributes only for the block that is currently
checked in the Blocks list.
• Show Visible Properties Only: If selected only
attributes that are visible will be shown.
2.
You can select attributes for each block that will be
included. For example, click Show Selected Block
Properties at the bottom, and select the “Door Mark”
block. Check only the “COST” and “TYPE” attributes.
You can right-click on any field under Blocks or
Properties to get a popup menu in which you can
check or uncheck all, or change the display name.
5.
3.
When the blocks and properties are defined, click
Next.
Select the “Room” block and check “AREA,”
“COST,” and “TYPE.”
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TurboCAD scans the file, and the Preview window
displays the results.
If TurboCAD Table is checked, the report will be
inserted into the file. If you want to export the results,
click External File.
6.
Click Finish. If the table is to be inserted into
TurboCAD, you will see the Insert Table window.
Here you can define the column and row sizes.
7.
Click OK, and then click where you want to place the
table.
You can click on any column header to change the
sorting order, or hide or rename a column.
You can make changes to the table formatting in the
Selection Info palette.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 8 Groups, Blocks, and the Library
In Place Editing of Groups and Blocks
You can edit groups or blocks in place within the drawing.
1.
Select the block or group.
Note that Block attributes that are edited, added or deleted
will not be updated in exiting block insertions, including the
one that you selected. Only the “Original” block in the
palette will reflect attribute changes.
External References
Available in TurboCAD Pro an Deluxe only
An external reference (xref) is a kind of a block in that it is
stored in the current drawing’s block library. However,
unlike a block, the objects associated with an xref definition
are not stored in the current drawing; they are stored in
another drawing file. When you create an xref, the entire
contents of this other file are imported as a block. See
"Blocks" on page 291.
NOTE: You can also access An external reference via Block
palette.
2.
3.
4.
Right click to open the local menu and select Edit tool.
All other elements in the drawing will fade-out, while
the selected entity remains clear.
Proceed by making you desired changes to the object.
This can include changing properties, moving
geometry, adding geometry, editing geometry, and
deleting geometry.
If you are editing a block, other instances of the block
will show the changes you are making simultaneously.
Xrefs are usually used to display the geometry of a common
base drawing in the current drawing, such as a frame. They
can be taken from files any formats readable by TurboCAD.
Only files that have objects in Model Space can be added as
Xref’s.
1.
To import another drawing as a block (xref), select
Format / Create External Reference.
2.
In the External Reference File Location window,
select a file type and locate the desired file.
3.
If you want the path to the referenced drawing to be
relative to the current drawing (as opposed to an
absolute path), check Return Path as Relative.
4.
The selected file is added to the block library of the
current file. You can view it and insert it using the
Blocks Palette. However, you cannot edit an xref in the
Blocks Palette - you must change the original file.
NOTE: If you edit the original file from which the xref was
created, the block in the current library will not change. You
will need to recreate the xref.
5.
To finish, right click and select Finish block/group
editing, from the local menu.
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External References Panel
If you click on the External References button at the top of
the Block palette you will see the External References
panel at the bottom of the palette.
Bind: Bind embeds the selected XREF as a Block in the
drawing. All attachment to the external drawing is lost.
VISRETAIN: Through the Design Director it is possible to
edit the various properties of the layers within an XREF.
These changes do not affect the original drawing. Even if the
external referenced drawing is altered these layer changes
will be retained. However, if the XREF is reloaded the
changes will be lost. It is possible to disable this feature by
changing the $VIZRETAIN variable through the
DCExplorer Palette.
Exploding XREFs: When an XREF has been bound to a
drawing it becomes a block. Instances of that block in the
drawing can be exploded so that you can edit the geometry
directly in the drawing
.Library
When xref’s are nested in other drawings they are shown in
a tree format listed below that referenced drawing.
Right-clicking on any of the xrefs listed in the external
References panel will open the following local menu:
Open: will open the xref in TurboCAD.
Reload: will reload the reference file, including any updates.
The TurboCAD library is where you can access symbols and
parts. Symbols and parts, like blocks and groups, are objects
available for repeated use. But while groups and blocks are
internal to a drawing, library items are external files.
Generally, each symbol or part is stored as a file, and
libraries of files are stored in specified library folders. Any
Windows folder can be recognized as a library folder, and
any vector drawing file (not just TurboCAD files) can be
used as a symbol.
A symbol or part is placed into a drawing as a group; it has a
unique name and is selected and manipulated as a single
object. Because they are placed as groups, each instance of a
part or symbol creates additional drawing data, and inserting
numerous library items can increase your drawing size
significantly. If you need to use many instances of a
particular symbol or part, you can reduce your file size by
making it into a block. A block is stored internally in a
drawing, and references to it are inserted into the drawing
rather than the objects themselves. See "Blocks" on page
291.
Detach: will detach the referenced file, and any insertions of
that file in the drawing will be deleted. You cannot detach
nested xrefs. You must open the file to which they are
attached to remove them.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 8 Groups, Blocks, and the Library
TurboCAD provides several symbols and parts, organized in
folders by category. Each symbol is a separate *.tcw file, and
parts are *.ppm files. These files are installed, by default, to
the “Symbols” folder in the TurboCAD installation folder.
Folders that do not appear here can be added by
clicking New, or you can load a file from within the
Library palette.
2.
Open the Library palette to see the folders it contains.
3.
If you want to change how the folders are displayed
(icon size, or detailed list), click this icon:
You can modify these symbols (though it is preferable to
modify copies and leave the originals intact), and also create
and save your own symbols.
Symbol manipulation is done via the Library Palette.
Library Folders
1.
To see which folders will appear in the Library palette,
look in the Symbol Libraries page of the Program
Setup.
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4.
You can also view the folder structure in tree form by
clicking the drop-down arrow for All Symbols.
NOTE: If a symbol is not in *.TCW format, its thumbnail will be
a generic icon.
6.
To change the way thumbnails are displayed,
right-click on one them and select Update
Thumbnails.
7.
The top right field defines the standard view (Plan,
ISO, etc.). The bottom left field determines if the
thumbnail properties will be applied to only the current
thumbnail, all items in the current folder, or all items in
the entire library.
NOTE: The other tab is Favorites, where you can store
symbols and parts you use often. See "Favorites" on page
308.
5.
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The library contains symbols as well as parametric
parts. Symbols can be 2D or 3D, and are objects saved
as their own *.TCW file. For examples of symbols,
open the “Bath” folder. (Your thumbnails may look
different, or you may not see thumbnails at all.)
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 8 Groups, Blocks, and the Library
In this example, all thumbnails in “Bath” now are now
shown in plan view.
8.
9.
To maneuver within the Library’s folder structure, you
can use the Back and Forward arrows, or the Up
arrow. Go back to root library folder.
10.
Right-click on one of these thumbnails. On the top left
field, you can choose Wireframe, Hidden Line, or
Default, In addition, you can select one of the
“Conceptual” renderings; three colors are available.
In this example, Hidden Line display is now applied
only to the selected thumbnail.
Parametric parts and 3D symbols have more thumbnail
options. Open the “Cabinets” folder - these are
parametric parts created from scripts.
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Favorites
4.
You can also add individual symbols or parts to
Favorites. Return to All Symbols and locate the
symbols you want to add. Another way to add a
symbol is to right-click on it and select Add to
Favorites.
5.
You can choose to add the symbol to the main folder,
or to an existing folder within Favorites. In this
example, the symbol will be placed in the main folder.
The Favorites tab of the Library palette is where you can
store symbols and parts you use often.
1.
You can place an entire folder in Favorites. To do this,
click the folder, then click Add to Favorites.
2.
If there is no folder currently in Favorites, the folder
will be placed in the main folder.
3.
Open the Favorites tab, and the folder is listed.
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Now Favorites contains the single symbol and the
folder.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 8 Groups, Blocks, and the Library
6.
If you want to save the Favorites as a library, click
Save Favorites as New Library.
Loading Symbol Folders into the
Library
This section explains how take folders of symbols you’ve
already saved, and load these folders into the Library.
NOTE: For loading parametric parts into the Library, see
"Loading a Parametric Part into the Library" on page 321.
Loading an Individual Symbol into the
Library
There are two ways to save an individual symbol - saving the
entire file or dragging selected objects directly into the
Library.
Saving a File as a Symbol
1.
In this example, a few boxes, cones, and cylinders
were created in TurboCAD, and each saved as its own
*.TCW file.
2.
Here is the folder structure for these symbols. The
folder “3D Primitives” was created in “My
Documents\TurboCAD\Symbols\My Symbols.” “3D
Primitives” has three sub-folders for boxes, cones, and
cylinders. Each of these folders has a few *.TCW files.
If you create a symbol as its own file, simply save the file in
a folder already identified as a library folder. Or you can save
it to any folder, then load that folder into the Library palette.
For example:
1.
Create a new door and save the file as
“FrenchDoor.tcw” in the “Symbols\Sample
Symbols\3D Symbols\Door” folder.
2.
Open a new file, open the Library Palette, and open the
“Door” folder.
3.
The “French Door” symbol appears in the palette, and
you can drag it into the drawing.
Saving Selected Objects as a Symbol
To save objects as a symbol, select them and create a group.
(It is not essential to make a group, but the symbol will be
easier to work with later.)
Open the Library palette, open a folder, and drag the objects
by their reference point (the yellow circle) into the Palette.
You will be prompted for a symbol name.
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3.
There are two ways to add “3D Primitives” to the
library. One way is to open Symbol Libraries, click
New, and browse to “3D Primitives.”
6.
Double-click “3D Primitives” to see the three
sub-folders inside.
When you first open a new folder that contains
symbols, the thumbnails are empty.
4.
Another way to load this folder is within the library.
Click Load Folder.
7.
5.
Right-click on one of the thumbnails and select
Update Thumbnails. In this example, an ISO view
and “Conceptual Cyan” are used, and applied to the
entire category.
If you use Load Folder, browse to where you saved
“3D Primitives” and load it.
The “3D Primitives” folder now appears in the library.
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8.
This updates the thumbnails.
10.
To unload a folder, click Unload Libraries.
Use Up or Back to return to the three sub-folders. If
you want to see all of the symbols contained in all three
folders, click Expand Subfolders.
11.
Find “3D Primitives” on the list and check the box.
Then click Unload.
Now all symbols from “Boxes,” “Cones,” and
“Cylinders” are displayed.
9.
“3D Primitives” is no longer displayed.
To return to the folder structure, click Expand
Subfolders again.
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Inserting a Symbol from the Library
into the Drawing
The symbol appears in the drawing, in Select Edit
mode.
This section explains inserting symbols, which are standard
TurboCAD objects saved as their own files.
NOTE: For inserting parametric parts, see "Inserting a
Parametric Part from the Library" on page 312.
1.
For an example of a symbol, open the “Fasteners”
folder. Click on one of the symbols, and the
Description tab at the bottom shows the name and
location of the symbol’s file.
3.
2.
There are three ways to insert a symbol. You can click
and drag the symbol from the palette to the drawing.
Or you can double-click the symbol thumbnail. Or you
can click the Insert Symbol icon.
In the Selection Info palette, you can see that the
symbol is grouped. If you want to edit the symbol, you
first need to Explode it.
Parametric Parts
A parametric part is a group of objects that have parameters
you can define before or after the part is inserted. For
example, you can insert a bookcase whose height and shelf
spacing can be defined.
Inserting a Parametric Part from the
Library
The parametric parts included in the TurboCAD installation
were created using scripts. (If you want to view these scripts,
see "Parametric Part Script Editor" on page 323.)
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3.
The properties with a drop-down arrow contain a list of
pre-set, selectable values.
4.
Fields that are not pre-set have a defined range of
values you can enter. For example, Open Angle below
must be between 0 and 90.
5.
There are three ways to insert a part. You can click and
drag the part from the palette to the drawing. Or you
can double-click the part thumbnail. Or you can click
the Insert Symbol icon. The part is inserted with the
properties set in the palette.
NOTE: For details on how to save and insert parametric parts
you create yourself, see "Loading a Parametric Part into the
Library" on page 321.
1.
2.
For an example of a parametric part, open the “Books”
category. Click on one of the parts, and the
Description tab at the bottom shows the name and
location of the part’s file.
Open the Property tab. These are the editable fields
defined in the part’s script.
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6.
You can make changes to the part in the Selection Info
palette. This palette shows the part’s name, as well as
fields for each of the properties shown in the Library
palette. In this example, Open Angle was increased to
70 degrees, and Open Drawer was changed to zero.
There are four basic steps in this process:
1.
creating the object(s) themselves
2.
saving the objects as a part and defining parameters
3.
defining relationships between parameters
4.
inserting the part
Step 1: Creating the Object(s)
In this example, a part will be created from a polyline with
holes, made 3D by extruding it. The objects will be created
using different sizes than the actual part that will be saved, to
show that parameters can be used for accurate sizing.
1.
In this example, Auto Constraints is turned on. This
is so that dimensions can be used as parameters, and so
that geometric relationships between objects will be
maintained when parameters are changed.
Now the drawer is closed, and the door is open wider.
NOTE: For details on constraining objects, see "Auto
Constraint" on page 266.
2.
Create a polyline using two identical linear segments
and two tangent arc segments.
Creating a Parametric Part
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
This section explains how to create a parametric part from
within TurboCAD.
NOTE: You can also create a parametric part using a script.
For details on creating scripts, check the “Docs” folder of the
TurboCAD installation disk.
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3.
Create two circles concentric with the polyline arcs.
The circles can be different sizes now, but in the
eventual parametric part, the circles will be identical.
6.
Activate Simple Extrude, and make sure Use
Compound Profile is active. Select the polyline, then
press Shift and select two circles. Click to define the
height, or enter an exact value.
Step 2: Defining the Part and its Parameters
4.
Apply Concentric constraints so that the circles will
remain concentric with the polyline arcs.
Now a part will be created from this object. There will be
five parameters defined for this part:
• H1 = radius of one internal circle
• H2 = radius of the other internal circle
• R = radius of the polyline arc
• W = length of the linear polyline segment
• D = extrude depth
5.
1.
Select Parametric Part Manager.
2.
Use a selection window to select all of the objects.
Add a Linear Dimension and a Radial Dimension to
measure the polyline.
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3.
4.
The Selection Info palette opens, and the part is
temporarily called “Part Candidate.” Expand this item
to see what the part contains.
5.
The radius of this circle is found under “Metrics,” at
the bottom of the palette. Right-click on the Radius
field.
6.
Enter the parameter name “H1,” then click OK.
The parameters H1 and H2 are for the two internal
circles. Highlight the first Circle in the palette.
NOTE: You are not restricted to defining only geometric
parameters. You can also define material, pen color, line
width, etc. as parameters.
7.
Next, highlight the other Circle.
The circle is also highlighted on the model.
The other circle is now highlighted on the model.
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8.
Right-click on the Radius field.
9.
Enter the parameter name “H2.”
10.
For the next parameter, highlight the Radial
Dimension.
The dimension of the polyline arc is now highlighted.
11.
12.
Name this parameter “R.”
13.
Next is the Linear Dimension.
14.
This value is also found under “Constraints.” Name its
parameter “W.”
15.
The last parameter is the depth of the part. Highlight
“Simple Extrude.”
The value of this dimension is found under
“Constraints.” Right-click on this field.
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16.
This parameter is called “Height” and is found under
“Simple Extrude.” Right-click on this field.
Step 3: Defining Relationships between
Parameters
1.
17.
18.
Name this last parameter “D.”
The eventual part will be defined by only three
parameters: the hole radius, distance between hole
centers, and depth. All other parameters will be
functions of these three.
Now that all five parameters are defined, select Finish
from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
2.
The names of the parameters currently listed don’t tell
the user exactly what they are for, so we can add
parameters with more obvious names. To do this,
right-click on the first parameter on the list, and select
Insert Parameter.
3.
Name this parameter “HoleRad.”
NOTE: There are other options in the local menu and Inspector
Bar. Relocate Reference Point enables you to define the
point by which the part will be inserted. For circular parts, Set
Assembly Axis can be used to set an axis for assembly using
Assemble by Axis (see "Assemble by Axis" on page 480).
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The Parametric Part window is now open, in which
you can define relationships between the parameters
you’ve defined. First, enter a name for the part.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 8 Groups, Blocks, and the Library
4.
“HoleRad” is now first parameter on the list. Under
“Value,” enter the default radius that will be used when
you first insert the part.
8.
Under “Value” next to “H1,” replace the number with
“HoleRad.”
5.
Under “Type,” specify “Linear.”
9.
Do the same for “H2.”
6.
Create another parameter for the center-to-center
distance between the holes. This parameter can be
named “CenToCen.” Specify an initial “Value” and
“Type.”
10.
Make “R” invisible as well, and define its value as
twice the hole radius.
11.
7.
“H1” and “H2” will be have the same value as
“HoleRad,” and therefore do not need to be displayed
as parameters you can edit when inserting the part. So
for “H1,” uncheck the box under “Visible.”
Make “W” invisible, and set its value equal to
“CenToCen.”
12.
Now the three parameters needed for the part are
defined. They are “HoleRad,” “CenToCen,” and “D.”
Click OK to close the Parametric Part window.
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Step 4: Inserting the Part
1.
4.
Increase “HoleRad.”
Continue in the file in which you defined the part.
Select Insert / Parametric Part. Select the part you
just defined.
The internal holes updates, as well as the overall radius
of the part, which was set to be twice as large as the
hole radius.
NOTE: Load from File can be used to insert parametric parts
saved in other files.
2.
3.
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Click to insert the part. The inserted part is shown to
the right of the original geometry. Note that the two
holes are equal, and that the polyline arc’s radius is
twice as large as the hole radius.
Select the part, and it appears in the Selection Info
palette, with its three parameters available for editing.
The initial values are the ones you set in the
Parametric Part window.
5.
Increase the “CenToCen” parameter value.
The distance between holes updates, while the radius
values remain the same.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 8 Groups, Blocks, and the Library
6.
The last value to change is “D.”
2.
Use Parametric Part Manager to create a part from
these two objects. There are four parameters defined:
radius and height for both cylinders
3.
When the part definition is completed, erase all objects
in the drawing.
4.
Select Parametric Part to insert the screw.
This changes the depth of the extruded part.
Editing a Parametric Symbol
Before loading the part, you can still edit it. Click the local
menu option Edit Existing Symbol.
The part, and nothing else, is now in the drawing.
You can edit either the content or the parameters. When
finished, click OK and the part is saved with the changes.
Loading a Parametric Part into the
Library
This section explains how to save, and then insert, a
parametric part created within TurboCAD. For details on
creating parametric parts, see "Creating a Parametric Part"
on page 314.
1.
5.
Now the file can be saved. In this example, the file is
saved as “Screw1.tcw” in the folder “My Parametric
Parts.”
In this example, two cylinders are used to create a
parametric part representing a simplified screw.
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6.
Start a new file, and open the Library palette. To load
the new folder, click Load Folder.
7.
Browse to the “My Parametric Parts” folder and load
it.
9.
Right-click on the thumbnail and update it, if you
want.
10.
Drag the part from the library into the drawing. Open
the Selection Info palette, and you can see that the part
is a group.
11.
To edit the part, you can Explode it, or just highlight
its name in the palette and edit its parameters.
The folder now appears in the library.
8.
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Open “My Parametric Parts” to see the “Screw1” part.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 8 Groups, Blocks, and the Library
3.
The script appears in the editor.
NOTE: If you add more parts to the same folder, they will not
automatically appear in the library. You need to use Unload
Library to remove the folder, then use Load Folder to load it
again.
Parametric Part Script Editor
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Other than creating a parametric part from within
TurboCAD, the other way to create a part is to write a script.
The parts provided in folders such as “Cabinet” are created
this way.
For details on creating scripts, check the “Docs” folder of the
TurboCAD installation disk.
If you want to write your own script, or edit an existing
script, you can use the Parametric Part Script Editor.
1.
To load an existing script into the editor, click Open.
NOTE: Scripts can be edited in any text editor as well.
4.
2.
A scripted part can be loaded into the drawing by
clicking Insert PPM Symbol.
Locate one of the scripts in the “Cabinet” folder.
Note: For Details on creating Parametric Part Script see
“Customized Programming” on page 671
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For updates and additional information,
9 Annotation
Annotation tools enable you to enhance your drawing with
non-geometric objects, including text, dimensions, and
hatching.
Other parameters (bold, italics, etc.) can be set in the Text
Properties toolbar, which can be displayed by right-clicking
in any toolbar area and selecting Text Properties.
Text
These tools enable you to add strings of letters and other
characters into your model.
NOTE: You can use the Manager palette to create multiple
styles of text, which set certain basic text properties such as
font and height. See "Text Styles" on page 566.
The text tools are available on the Insert menu, and can be
accessed on the flyout toolbar on the Drawing Tools toolbar.
The Text Properties toolbar can be used while creating text
(i.e. when Text is active), and it can be used to edit selected
existing text.
You can access all properties of the Text tool by
right-clicking on the tool icon. For details on changing
properties of selected text only, see "Object Properties" on
page 79.
You can also display the Text toolbar by right-clicking on
any toolbar area and selecting Text.
NOTE: With this tool you can add single straight lines of text.
To add multiple lines in paragraph format, see "Multi Text" on
page 328. To create text that follows a curve, see "Text Along
Curve" on page 331.
Text Properties
Certain parameters of text (color, font, and text height) can
be set on the Property toolbar.
Font: Fonts can be True Type or *.shx (AutoCAD
compatible). The available TrueType fonts depend on your
Windows setup. AutoCAD (*.shx) fonts are installed by
TurboCAD, and are located in the Program\Fonts folder.
: Choose Regular, Italic, Bold, or Bold Italic. These four
styles are not available for every TrueType font.
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Height: You can set the height in either World or Paper units,
depending on the current mode - Model Space or Paper
Space. Text can be measured in points only if you are using
Paper units.
NOTE: There are also options for setting text height in the
Space Units page of the Drawing Setup (Options / Space
Units).
Inserting Text
1.
Set the desired font and other text parameters. See
"Text Properties" on page 325.
2.
Click on the point where you want to place your text.
3.
Type the text, using the Backspace key to make
corrections. Press Enter to add a new text line. To
finish, click on the drawing, press Shift+Enter, or
select Finish from the local menu.
Mode:
• Standard: Always proportional even if resized.
• Scalable: Can be resized non-proportionally.
• Flexible: Pen, brush and slant options are available.
• Non-rotating, Non-zooming: Text will not change
position or be scaled when rotating or zooming. (These
will not work if Old- text output is checked in
Options / Preference.)
Obliquity: Degree of text slant (slant of each character),
available only for Flexible mode. A positive value slants to
the left.
Effects: Turn on any of the following: Text Box (rectangular
border around the text), Underline, Hidden (used for notes
that you do not want to display), Strikethrough, and All
Caps.
Justification: Determines both the text justification and text
spill. The options for text spill are Top, Middle, Base Line
(base line of font layout) and Bottom. Left-justified text is
typed to the right of the insertion point; right-justified text is
typed to the left of the insertion point, and center-justified
text is centered on the insertion point.
NOTE: By default, the text is centered at the insertion point.
You can change this, however, via the Properties window, or
by using the Align local menu option.
Local menu options:
Align: Changes the text placement relative to the insertion
point. By default, the text is centered horizontally and
vertically, but click any option to adjust the placement.
TIP: You can get more precise control of the placement of text
relative to the insertion point by using Align, accessed by
right-clicking in the drawing area while the Text tool is active.
This feature can only be applied to text as it is being drawn;
you cannot use it to format existing text.
Background Color: The color that appears behind each
character.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 9 Annotation
Click OK, and the text placement is updated.
Editing Text
You can edit existing text by accessing its Properties (see
"Object Properties" on page 79). Open the General page,
and edit the text in the Attribute field.
Height: Changes the text height. Move the mouse to adjust
the height rectangle, or enter a height in the Inspector Bar.
You can also edit the content of the text by clicking on the
text with the Text tool, or, if in the Selector General
properties the Double Click Action is set to Edit content, you
can edit the text content by double clicking on the text with
the Selector tool.
Angle: Adjust the angle of the text line (not the text slant).
Move the mouse to rotate the text rectangle, or enter the
angle in the Inspector Bar.
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If you use the Selection Info Palette, you can use the Edit in
Place tool to edit text directly on the screen. See "Selection
Info Palette" on page 191. In this palette, the text is also
listed (and can be edited) in the General category, next to
Info.
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Exploding Text
Font: Sets the color and font type. The “B” icon
creates bold text, the “I” icon creates italics, and the
“U” icon underlines the text.
You can use Explode to explode text into individual
characters, and explode characters into polygons and
polylines, and explode these into lines. This can be useful if
you need to change a very small aspect of text, or if you need
a text-shaped polyline to extrude.
Text Height: Sets the height of the tallest letter. The
“X” icon enables you to set the height as a factor of the
current height.
See "Exploding Objects" on page 247.
Spelling Check
You can check the spelling of selected text only, or you can
choose to check all text in the drawing. Set spelling check
options by selecting Tools / Spell Options.
Width and Spacing values: Oblique Angle is the angle
of text slant (the slant of each character). Width
Factor is the width multiplier of each character.
Multi Text
Symbols: While entering the text, you can insert a
degree, plus/minus, or “phi” (angle) symbol. The last
icon is used to insert a fraction. The center three icons
are used for top, center, or bottom Justification.
Creates multi-line paragraphs that fit within a paragraph
width boundary. Each multiline text object is a single object,
regardless of the number of lines it contains.
1.
Import / Save: Once text is created, you can Save it as
a .txt file. This text can later be inserted elsewhere by
clicking Import.
Select the first point of the text, then a second point to
define the paragraph width and angle. You can also use
the Inspector Bar to enter the width and angle.
3.
2.
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To create the text, simply start typing. The text will
start where you defined the first text point. You can
enter line breaks manually, and breaks will be created
by word-wrapping, according to the paragraph width
you set.
The Character window opens, in which you can
define the text properties that will be active for multi
text created from now on. (You can change these
properties mid-text.) These properties are explained
below.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 9 Annotation
If you want to change text properties (font, height, etc.)
while typing, make the change in the Character
window and continue entering text. You can also enter
symbols by clicking the relevant icon in the Character
window.
3.
The cursor appears as the letter “A”; select the text you
want to edit.
4.
Edit the text as you would in any text editor. To make
a change to a specific string, such as the first word in
this example, highlight that string.
5.
Set the properties for that string in the Character
window. In this example, the text was underlined and
its height was increased.
While entering text, you can use the Backspace key or
the Undo and Redo icons.
4.
In the Inspector Bar or local menu, select Finish when
the text is complete.
The text is complete, and the preview box disappears.
Editing Multi Text
You can edit text before or after it is created by editing it
on-screen:
1.
You can also edit the content of the multi-text by
clicking on the multi-text with the Multi Text tool, or,
if in the Selector General properties the Double Click
Action is set to Edit Content, you can edit the multi
text content by double clicking on the multi text with
the Selector tool.
2.
You can also use the old mode of editing Multi line
text. Make sure you are in Multiline Text mode (Draw
/ Text / Multi Text) and select Edit Text from the local
menu, command line, or Inspector Bar.
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6.
Select Finish to implement the change.
The properties also appear in the Selection Info palette, when
the multiline text is selected. All parameters can be edited,
except for the text string itself.
Multi Text Properties
If you open a multiline text object’s Properties (see "Object
Properties" on page 79), there are certain parameters of the
text you can edit. To edit the text itself, and for all properties
not available on this window, see "Editing Multi Text" on
page 329.
Font: Sets the font name, style, and height.
Mode: Select Scalable for text that can be re-sized
non-proportionally or Flexible if you want pen, brush and
slant options available.
Oblique Angle: Available for Flexible mode only, sets the
slant of the text (slant of each character).
Width Factor: Sets the width of each character.
Justification: Adjusts the text relative to its paragraph box.
Factor: Sets the distance between lines.
Style: Select At Least to automatically set the line size
relative to the largest character of a line. Select Exactly to
keep all lines the same size.
Angle: Sets the angle of the paragraph.
Width: Sets the width of the paragraph.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 9 Annotation
Text Along Curve
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
To edit curved text, open its Properties window (see "Object
Properties" on page 79). Open the Other page, click Text
Properties, and click Go To Page.
This opens the Text Properties window, in which you can
change any parameters, or the text string itself. If the text was
created upside-down, click Flip Text to right it.
NOTE: You can display the Special Tools toolbar by
right-clicking in any toolbar area and selecting Special Tools.
Creates text that follows a curve.
1.
Dimensions
You can display the Dimensions toolbar by right-clicking in
any toolbar area and selecting Dimensions.
Select the curve, picking the center of the desired text.
TurboCAD contains a variety of dimension tools that you
can use to display the measurements of lines and angles.
Dimensions consist of three basic components:
2.
In the Text Properties window, type the text string and
set other properties such as font, height, and thickness.
The Text Location field enables you to place the
height above, below, or centered on the curve.
• Dimension lines, with arrows pointing to either end of
the dimension. A linear dimension can have an interior
dimension line or two exterior dimension lines.
Exterior dimension lines can be supplemented with an
optional interior line.
• Extension lines, which connect the dimension line to
the object being dimensioned. Extension lines have
optional line segments that continue the extension
outward beyond the dimension line (extensions to the
extension).
• Dimension text, typically displaying the distance
being dimensioned in World units.
NOTE: For information on editing dimensions, see "Editing
Dimensions" on page 230. To create a group of dimensions
automatically, see "Auto Dimension" on page 268To constrain
dimensions, see "Constraining Dimensions" on page 269.
NOTE: For definitions of other properties, see "Text Properties"
on page 325.
3.
Click OK, and the text is created.
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Dimension Properties
Controls the format of dimensions. You can set the properties
for all dimensions, or for just a single dimension. See
"Object Properties" on page 79.
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Text
There is no Text page in dimension Properties, but
parameters can be set in the Selection Info palette. For details
on Text parameters, see "Text Properties" on page 325.
Format
Controls the shape of dimension arrows and the position of
text relative to the dimension line.
Associative Dimension: Checked by default. Associative
dimensions retain their positions and the dimension text will
update when their associated object changes. To tell whether
a dimension is associative, select the object. Any dimension
associated with the object will be colored blue. See
"Associative Dimensions" on page 338.
NOTE: This parameter is only available when setting the
default properties of dimension tools (see "Object Properties"
on page 79). You will not see it in the Properties window for
a selected dimension. This parameter must be set before the
dimension is created.
Arrowheads:
• 1st and 2nd: Select arrow shapes for the start and end
of the dimension.
• Leader: Select the arrow shape for leader dimensions.
• Size: Length of the arrowhead or diameter of the dot.
• Tick Extension: If the arrowhead is set to Tick,
specify the length of the tick extension line.
You can specify a custom user defined arrowhead.
User defined arrow heads are based by selecting a
block.
Variable Name and Value: If the dimension is produced as
a result of Auto Dimensions (most commonly used together
with Auto Constraints), the dimension will have a variable
name and value assigned to it. This value appears in
Properties / Format window, as well as the Calculator
Palette.
Text:
NOTE: See "Auto Dimension" on page 268"Auto Constraint"
on page 266 and "Calculator Palette - Variables" on page 52.
• Text Style: Select the Text style for the dimension.
Text styles are specified in the Style Manager.
Dimension Size Scale: The scaling factor for displaying the
dimension.
• Height: Sets the height of the dimension text.
Arc Length: Available for Angular dimension, displays the
arc length rather than degree measurement.
• Color: Sets the color of the dimension text.
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• Font: Specifies the font use in the dimension text.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 9 Annotation
• Frame around text: Draws a rectangular frame
around the dimension text.
• Fill Color: Specifies a color which will fill the text
frame. The options are: None, Background and
Custom. Background fills the frame with the
background color. Custom allows you to select a color.
Text Position: Controls the dimension text position:
• Text Movement: These options control how the
dimension text is moved when editing the dimension.
See "Editing Dimensions" on page 230.
• Horizontal: Select the text alignment with respect to
witness lines. The preview window displays each
option. Options vary for dimension and leader text.
Leaders - Default Justification
(Depends on the leader orientation)
Dimensions - Centered
Leaders - Center Justification
Dimensions - First Extension Line
Leaders - Left Justification
Dimensions - Second Extension Line
Dimensions - Over First Extension Line
Leaders - Right Justification
Dimensions - Over Second Extension Line
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• Vertical: Select the text alignment with respect to the
dimension/leader line. Outside places the text on the
side of the dimension/leader line opposite the selected
dimension/leader points.
Advanced Format
Options for drawing and scaling the dimension and
extension lines.
Above
On Line
Outside
• Text Gap: The distance between the dimension text
and the dimension line.
• Adjustment: Available for Vertical On Line position,
The distance of the text above or below the dimension
line. A value of zero (default) will place the text on the
same level as the dimension line. Higher values move
the text above the line; lower (negative) values move
the text below the line.
• Force Text Horizontal: Makes the dimension text
horizontal no matter how the dimension is rotated.
• Force Text Inside Extension Line: Keep dimension
text between the extension lines, regardless of the
distance between the extension lines. If unchecked, the
system will decide where to place text.
Dimension Line: The line over which the dimension text is
located.
• Force Interior Line: If checked, the dimension will
have an interior dimension line even if the text is
outside the extension lines. If unchecked, the interior
dimension line will be drawn only if the dimension
text is inside the extension lines.
• Baseline Increment: The distance between each
dimension in a series of baseline dimensions.
• Do not Draw: Options for omitting parts of the
dimension line.
• Color: Sets the color of the dimension line.
• Line Width: Sets the Line width for the dimension
line.
• Line Type: Specifies the line type for the dimension
line.
Extension Line: Lines that connect the dimension line to the
object being dimensioned.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 9 Annotation
• Draw as Spline: If checked, the Leader tool will use
a spline rather than a line to attach the dimension text
to the corresponding drawing location. See "Spline by
Control Points" on page 170.
Units / Tolerance
Parameters for formatting the appearance of dimension text,
and for controlling the display of tolerance - the allowable
deviation from the dimension.
• Extension: The length of the extension line segments
that extend outward beyond the dimension lines.
• Offset: The distance between the extension lines and
the dimensioned object.
• Do not Draw: Options for omitting parts of the
extension lines.
• Color: Sets the color of the extension lines.
• Line Width: Sets the line width for the extension
lines.
• Line Type: Specifies the line type for the extension
lines.
Leader Text Frame: Available only for Leader dimensions.
Select a shape for the closed line bounding the dimension
text.
• Size: When Circle or Quadrate is selected for the text
box, define the box size.
• Fit to Text: Check if you want the text box to fit the
dimension text.
Primary Units:
• Append Units: If checked, the dimension text will
display its unit.
• Units: If Append Units is checked, select the desired
units.
• Format: Options for how the dimension text is
displayed (decimal, feet, radians, surveyor, etc.).
• Prefix, Suffix: Add a prefix and/or a suffix to the
dimension text. (Not available for Leader
dimensions.)
• Scale: Change the scale of the value displayed by the
dimension text relative to World units. For example, if
you enter a value of 0.1, the dimension will display a
value of 0.1 inch when dimensioning a distance of 1
inch in World units. The default value for the linear
measurement scale is 1.
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NOTE: You will probably want to leave Scale unchanged,
unless you have an inset in your drawing that uses a different
scale than the rest of your drawing.
• Round Off: -The decimal place to which the
dimension text will round off. If you type a value of
0.1, for example, the text will be rounded off to tenths.
• Special Symbol: Prepends a symbol to the dimension
text. The options include: None, Diameter, Degree,
and Plus Minus.
• Precision: The level of accuracy, represented by a
number between 1 and 10.
• As Limits: If checked, the dimension will be shown as
a pair of values defining the limits of the dimension
value.
• Relative Height: The height of the tolerance relative
to the rest of the dimension text.
• Upper, Lower: Values for positive and negative
tolerance.
The remaining tolerance parameters are the same as for
Primary Units.
Alternate Units
Alternate units are a secondary set of units for each
dimension, such as 1” [25.4mm].
• Trailing Zeros: If checked, trailing zeros will appear
in the dimension text. For example, if a dimensioned
line is exactly 2.34 units long, Precision (Options /
Space Units) is set to 4, and Round Off is set to 4, the
dimension text will read 2.3400.
NOTE: Trailing Zeros, Round Off, and Precision are
interrelated, and need to be considered as a group when
establishing dimension settings. If Round Off is less than
Precision, dimension text may not accurately reflect the exact
measurement. If Round Off is greater than Precision, then
Trailing Zeros will show the additional available precision if
Trailing Zeros is set to a value equal to Precision. For most
applications, Precision and Round Off should be set to the
same level (a Precision of 4 is the same as a Round Off of
0.0001). Trailing Zeros should then be used if necessary to
display the level of precision in use. Trailing Zeros is not
applicable when fractions are used.
• Leading Zeros: For dimensions of less than one unit,
a zero will appear at the beginning of the dimension.
For example: 0.5 feet, as opposed to .5 feet.
• Zero Feet, Zero Inches: Relevant for architectural
and engineering units. For dimensions less than one
foot or one inch, the zero will appear as a placeholder.
For example: 0’-0 1/4” as opposed to 1/4”.
Use alternate units: If checked, the dimension and/or
tolerance will be displayed with a value in alternate units, in
square brackets following the primary dimension. The
parameters are the same as on the Units / Tolerance page.
Tolerance:
• Append: If checked, the dimension text will include a
tolerance.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 9 Annotation
Dimension Styles
4.
You can change the “Standard” style, but if you want to
preserve this style, make sure “Standard” is
highlighted, then click Create New.
5.
Assign a name or accept the default.
You can manage and create dimension styles using the Style
manager. For more on the Style Manager see "Style
Manager" on page 564.
In the Style Manager, there is one style, “Standard,”
listed under “Dimension styles.”.
This creates a new which is a copy of “Standard.”
6.
To change the current wall dimension to the new style,
open its Properties to the General page.
NOTE: In the Preview area, you can click to zoom part of the
graphic. Double-click to fit the graphic in the window.
Dimension styles can control all of the properties of your
dimensions, They are also automatically imported from
DWG files.
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Associative Dimensions
When a dimension is associated with objects, you can freely
move, rotate, or resize the associated objects and the
dimension will retain its position relative to the objects, and
the dimension text will change automatically to reflect
changes.
There are the following limitations on associativity:
• Dimension cannot be associative if you override the
automatic dimension text, either in the Inspector Bar
or in the Attribute field of the General page of a
dimension’s Properties.
• Datum dimensions cannot be associative. However,
grouping datum dimensions with their objects can
achieve a similar effect to associative dimensioning.
Be sure to explode to edit objects later.
• The following dimensions will only be associative if
originally created using Snap to Vertex or Snap to
Center, or if created using Segment or Entity
Dimensioning: Baseline, Continuous, Incremental,
Leader, Orthogonal, Parallel.
• When dimensioning over a Viewport in Paper Space,
the dimensions will associate with the viewport itself,
but not with the corresponding objects in Model
Space. See "Viewports" on page 657.
NOTE: To make dimensions associative to other dimensions,
see "Constraining Dimensions" on page 269.
Before creating associative dimensions, associativity needs
to be activated in the default Properties of the dimension
tools. Associativity cannot be set in the Properties window
of a selected dimension; this parameter must be set before
the dimension is created. Right-click on any dimension tool
to bring up the Properties window, and open the Format
page. Make sure that Associative Dimension is checked.
TIP: To tell whether a dimension is associative, select the
object. Any dimensions associated with that object will be
colored blue.
To break the associativity between a dimension and its
objects, select both the object(s) and the dimension.
Right-click and select Drop Link from the local menu.
Segment and Entity Dimensioning
For linear dimensions (orthogonal, parallel, and rotated), you
can define the dimension by selecting two points (manually),
or you can select a segment or entire object to dimension.
Segment and Entity modes are options on the local menu, as
well as on the Inspector Bar while using a linear dimension
tool. Once you have selected a dimensioning mode, the mode
remains in effect until changed.
TIP: If you generally prefer one of the dimensioning modes
over the others, you can save it in a drawing template. To do
this, use File / Save As to save the file as a *.tct file
(TurboCAD Template). Place the template file in the
“Template” folder of the TurboCAD root directory. Then when
you want to open the template, use File / New, and select
New from Template.
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Chapter 9 Annotation
In Segment mode, select any line segment, and the
dimension between endpoints is created.
Segment mode - orthogonal dimension
Creating Dimensions
Creating dimensions involves two basic steps: selecting the
objects to be measured, and locating the dimension. By
default the magnitude of the dimension is calculated
automatically and is recorded as the dimension text,
measured in current World units. (Leader dimensions, which
contain text labels, are the exception to this rule.)
You can override the default text of a dimension by
specifying the text in the Inspector Bar prior to finishing the
dimension.
You can also change the dimension text in the dimension’s
Properties, by changing the Attributes field of the General
page.
Segment mode - parallel dimension
In Entity mode, select an object, and the largest dimension
in the specified direction is created. This is useful for
dimensioning objects like polylines, polygons, rotated
rectangles, etc.
NOTE: To create several types of dimensions automatically in
one step, see "Auto Dimension" on page 268.
When Auto Add Constraints is active, any dimensions you
assign are created as variables that appear in the Calculator
Palette.
Dimension variables can be constrained to other dimensions,
or to other variables or numbers. This is particularly
powerful when used in conjunction with Auto Constraints.
See "Constraining Dimensions" on page 269.
Entity mode - orthogonal dimension
Entity mode - parallel dimension
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Orthogonal Dimension
4.
For a vertical dimension, define the dimension at
either side of the two points.
Creates a horizontal or vertical dimension.
NOTE: To create orthogonal dimensions automatically, see
"Auto Dimension" on page 268.
1.
Select the first point.
Local menu options:
Segment Dimensioning, Entity Dimensioning: See
"Segment and Entity Dimensioning" on page 338.
Horizontal / Vertical Mode only: creates either type of
dimension, no matter where the dimension is located.
2.
Select the second point, or enter the length and angle of
the dimensioned line in the Inspector Bar.
Parallel Dimension
Creates a dimension showing the absolute length of an
object.
3.
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For a horizontal dimension, move the mouse above or
below the two points and click to define the location.
You can also enter the length of the witness lines in the
Inspector Bar.
NOTE: To create parallel dimensions automatically, see "Auto
Dimension" on page 268.
1.
Select the first point.
2.
Select the second point, or enter the length and angle of
the dimensioned line in the Inspector Bar.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 9 Annotation
3.
Move the mouse and click to define the location. You
can also enter the length of the witness lines in the
Inspector Bar.
For any two endpoints, the absolute length is parallel to the
line between the points.
1.
Select the two lines, or select them by snapping to
either of their endpoints.
2.
Place the dimension, and the lines are made parallel.
Local menu options:
Segment Dimensioning, Entity Dimensioning: See
"Segment and Entity Dimensioning" on page 338.
Distance Dimension
NOTE: Because Auto Add Constraints is on, the Distance
dimension appears as a variable in the Calculator Palette and
can be edited. See "Constraining Dimensions" on page 269.
Rotated Dimension
Sets two lines parallel to one another and places a
constrained dimension between them. For this tool to be
available, Auto Add Constraints must be on.
Creates a dimension projected in a specified direction.
1.
NOTE: To create distance dimensions automatically, see "Auto
Dimension" on page 268.
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Select two points to define the dimension’s direction.
The dimension will be measured normal to this line.
You can also define the first point, then specify the
angle of the vector in the Inspector Bar.
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1.
Select the first point of the object to be dimensioned.
Select the second point, or enter the length and angle of
the dimensioned line in the Inspector Bar.
2.
Move the mouse and click to define the location. You
can also enter the length of the witness lines in the
Inspector Bar.
2.
To display the Y coordinate (horizontal dimension
text), move the mouse to either side of both the origin
and the selected point, and click to locate the
dimension. You can also enter the angle and length of
the extension lines in the Inspector Bar.
3.
To display the X coordinate (vertical dimension text),
move the mouse above or below both the origin and
the selected point.
Local menu options:
Segment Dimensioning, Entity Dimensioning: Available
only after the dimension direction has been defined. See
"Segment and Entity Dimensioning" on page 338.
Datum Dimension
Local menu options:
Creates a dimension showing the horizontal or vertical
distance from a point. By default, the point is the absolute
origin, but you can change this.
1.
Select the point whose distance from the origin is to be
displayed. A rubberband line appears, indicating the
origin of the dimension.
Set Origin: By default, datum dimensions are created
relative to the absolute origin. Use Set Origin to select a new
origin. This origin will remain in effect until changed.
Baseline Dimension
Creates a series of parallel linear dimensions that follow the
axis of an existing linear dimension.
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1.
Select an existing linear base dimension. Click near
the side you want to serve as the baseline. A temporary
rectangle appears at the baseline end.
Continuous Dimension
Creates a series of parallel linear dimensions measured from
the previous dimension. The dimensions follow the axis of
the base dimension.
2.
3.
1.
Select an existing linear base dimension. Click near
the side you want the next dimension to be created. A
temporary rectangle appears at the baseline end.
2.
Select the first point where you want a new continuous
dimension.
3.
Continue selecting points. Each new continuous
dimension will be measured from the previous
dimension.
4.
When finished, select Cancel from the local menu or
press Esc.
Select the first point where you want a new baseline
dimension.
Continue selecting points. Each new baseline
dimension will be created at an offset from the
previous one.
NOTE: The offset distance is controlled by the Baseline
Increment value on the Advanced Format page of the
Properties window.
Local menu option:
Select Dimension: Select a new base dimension.
4.
When finished, select Cancel from the local menu or
press Esc.
Local menu option:
Select Dimension: Select a new base dimension.
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Incremental Dimension
Angular Dimension
Creates a series of parallel linear dimensions measured from
the previous dimension. The dimensions follow the axis of
the base dimension, and are displayed normal to the axis.
Creates dimensions measuring angles. You can dimension
the angle between two lines, the angle of an arc, between two
points of a circle, and between a node and two points.
1.
Select an existing linear base dimension. Click near
the side you want the next dimension to be created. A
temporary rectangle appears at the baseline end.
NOTE: To create angular dimensions automatically, see "Auto
Dimension" on page 268.
Angle Between Two Lines
2.
3.
1.
Select the two lines.
2.
Move the mouse to dimension the acute or obtuse
angle. Click to locate the dimension, or enter the length
and angle in the Inspector Bar.
Select the first point where you want a new
incremental dimension.
Continue selecting points. Each new incremental
dimension will be measured from the previous
dimension.
Be careful where you select the lines. If you select close to
the angle vertex, you could dimension the complementary
angle.
Angle within a Circle
4.
When finished, select Cancel from the local menu or
press Esc.
Local menu option:
1.
Select the circle.
2.
Select the start angle, or enter the angle in the Inspector
Bar.
3.
Select the end angle.
Select Dimension: Select a new base dimension.
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4.
Move the mouse to dimension the acute or obtuse
angle. Click to locate the dimension, or enter the length
and angle in the Inspector Bar.
3.
Move the mouse to dimension the acute or obtuse
angle. Click to locate the dimension, or enter the length
and angle in the Inspector Bar.
Angles of an Arc
1.
Select the arc.
2.
Move the mouse to dimension the acute or obtuse
angle. Click to locate the dimension, or enter the length
and angle in the Inspector Bar.
Radius / Diameter Dimension
NOTE: If Arc Length is checked in the Format page of the
Properties window, the arc length will be dimensioned
instead of the angle.
Dimensions the radius or diameter of an arc or circle.
Local menu option:
Angle Node (freeform angle): Dimensions an angle by
selecting the angle vertex then two points.
1.
2.
Select the angle vertex.
NOTE: To create radius or diameter dimensions automatically,
see "Auto Dimension" on page 268.
1.
Select the arc or circle.
2.
Move the mouse and click to locate the dimension, or
enter the length and angle in the Inspector Bar.
Select two points defining the angle.
Local menu option:
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Large Radius: If the arc center is out of your drawing space,
use this option to display the dimension from outside.
A text box can be created, by selecting one from the
Advanced Format page of the Properties window.
Leader
Wall Dimensions
Creates dimension text attached to a simple line leader
pointing to a location in your drawing. The leader is similar
to a polyline.
NOTE: Check Draw as Spline on the Advanced Format page
of the Properties window to create a curves leader rather
than line segments.
1.
Enter the text in the Inspector Bar.
2.
Select the leader start point (the end with the arrow).
Select or more additional segment endpoints, or enter
the length and angle of each segment in the Inspector
Bar.
NOTE: The arrowhead is defined by Arrowheads / 1st on the
Format page of the Properties window.
There is a special tool for dimensioning walls created via the
Architecture tools. See "Wall Dimension" on page 541.
Quick Dimensions
Creates a series of dimensions on one more objects. You can
choose the type of dimension and which points will be
included.
NOTE: To create a group of various types of dimensions
automatically, see "Auto Dimension" on page 268
Activate the Quick function, then choose three criteria:
• Whether the dimensions will be orthogonal (horizontal
/ vertical)
• The type of dimension (continuous, baseline, etc.),
3.
Double-click to finish, or select Finish from the local
menu, or press Alt+F.
• The points between which the dimensions will be
created.
In this example, the dimensions will be Orthogonal and
Continuous (indicated by the arrows in the picture below).
Points will be described later in the example.
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Select the object or objects to dimension. You can use the
Shift key to select multiple objects, or drag a selection
window. This example consists of one circle and one
polyline.
Double-click when all objects are selected. Then move the
cursor and click to place the dimensions. Moving the mouse
to the right or left of the objects creates vertical dimensions;
moving above or below the objects, as shown below, creates
horizontal dimensions.
This would be the results with Baseline dimensions.
If Radius is selected, a radius dimension is assigned to all arc
or circle segments found in the selected objects.
This would be the result with Staggered dimensions:
If Diameter is selected, a diameter dimension is assigned to
all arc or circle segments found in the selected objects.
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Points affect dimensioning of arcs, curves, and segments of
polylines. Start / End creates dimensions between all start
and end points of arcs.
You can combine Points options. This example uses both
Dimension and Arc Center.
If Orthogonal is not selected, you can define the dimension
direction. Select two points to define the direction normal to
the desired dimension line.
Dimension measures the overall distance of the objects.
This is the result of non-orthogonal, baseline dimensions.
Arc Center measures between center points.
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Smart Dimensions
Orthogonal (vertical)
Creates a dimension based on the object selected.
NOTE: To create a group of various types of dimensions
automatically, see "Auto Dimension" on page 268.
Orthogonal (horizontal)
If you select a circle, a diameter dimension will be created.
In the Inspector Bar, you can change the text, set the angle of
the dimension, and set the length of the leader line.
If you select an arc or arc segment, a radial dimension will
be created.
If you select a line or line segment, its length dimension will
be created.
To create an angular dimension, press Shift and select the
two lines.
If the line segment is not orthogonal, there are three possible
dimensions you can create: Parallel
Smart dimensions also work for linear and circular edges of
solid ACIS objects (Available in TurboCAD Pro and
Platinum only). You can use this feature to dimension
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cross-section generated through the Drafting Palette, as long
and the Surface Engine option in the Drafting Palette was
turned off when the section was created.
In this example, surveyor dimensions will be placed using
Parallel Dimensions, on three segments of this Multi Line
Polyline.
Linear and angular dimensions can also be created for 3D
Polylines.
1.
After setting Surveyor in the dimension tools’
Properties, activate the dimension tool you want to
use (in this case, Parallel, but you can use any linear
dimension). Click the segment you want to dimension.
(Only segment dimensioning is available when
creating surveyor dimensions; you cannot click two
points.) The red arrow indicates the direction in which
the segment is measured.
2.
If you want the segment measured from the other side,
select Invert from the Inspector Bar or local menu.
Surveyor Dimensions
Linear and Angular dimensions can be displayed in surveyor
format.
For linear dimensions, surveyor format is angle
(degree-minutes-seconds) and length. For angles, surveyor
format is degree-minutes-seconds.
Before creating surveyor dimensions, open the Properties
for any dimension tool. On the Units / Tolerance page, set
the Format to Surveyor.
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Chapter 9 Annotation
3.
Click a second time to place the dimension.
To dimension an object in non-parallel views within a
viewport, you must enter the correct measurements manually
in the Inspector Bar or in the dimension's Properties. When
non parallel views are used, dimensioning is best done in
Model Space.
See "Viewports" on page 657.
MultiLeader Dimensions
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Menu: Insert / Dimension / MultiLeader
4.
Dimension additional segments the same way.
MultiLeader dimension are a special category of dimension
tool designed to support entities imported from external
DWG files. These leaders attached a single piece of content
to multiple leader arrows. the content may be text, a block,
or nothing. The content and structure of multileaders is
defined by the MultiLeader style.
Local menu option:
Arrowhead First: The first click places an arrowhead.
Turning this option on turns off Content First.
You can dimension an angle using surveyor dimensions as
well.
Dimensions in Viewports
Dimensioning within a viewport in PaperSpace will provide
dimensions of the object's 2D projection onto the monitor
screen, not of the object itself. The dimensions will be scaled
correctly according to the scale of the view, but misleading
dimensions can result if the monitor screen is not exactly
parallel to the object.
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Content First: The first click places the content. Turning
this option on turns of Arrowhead first.
Fixed Leader Points: Limit the number of points within
each leader to the number specified in the style. The default
is 2, one at the arrowwhead and one at the content. Once both
points have been placed, a new leader will begin for the
current multileader. If this option is off leaders may have as
many points as you wish.
Insert Next Leader: This option is only available if Fixed
Leader Points is turned off. When available the option
finishes the current leader at its last selected point and begins
the next leader.
Finish: Finishes the entry for all of the leaders.
1.
Select the MultiLeader tool.
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2.
Click to select the first point for the leader.
If the Content First option is selected this will be the
location of the content, otherwise it will be the location
of the first arrowhead.
Using the Edit tool you can add and subtract leaders on
existing multileaders. you can also add, subtract, and move
nodes of multileaders.
MultiLeader Properties
MultiLeader have different properties than standard
dimensions.
MultiLeader Format
3.
Click to select the second point for the leader.
If the Content First option is selected this will be the
location of the first arrow head, otherwise it will be the
location of the first content.
4.
If the default settings and style is in use a new leader
will begin after the second click.
5.
Click to set the arrow head of the next leader.
The content position is already set. So with the
standard limit of two points per leader selecting each
point sets the current leader then begins the next.
Overall Scale: Sets the overall scale for the multileader.
Annotative: Set whether the multileader is annotative or not.
This has no effect within the application is strictly a setting
to support external DWG applications.
Arrowhead: Sets the type of arrowhead used in the
multileader.
Size: Sets the size of the leader arrowheads.
Leader Type: Sets whether the type is a line, spline, or none.
Color: Sets the color for the leaders.
Line Type: Sets the line type for the leaders.
Line Width: Sets the line width for the leaders.
Landing: Sets whether there will be a landing, a horizontal
line attaching the end of leaders to the content.
6.
7.
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If you have Fixed Leader Points turned off, continue
entering points as needed then use Insert Next Leader
to move on to the next leader in the sequence.
Landing Distance: Sets the landing width.
Content Type: This is controlled by the Style
Click Finish when you are done creating leaders.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 9 Annotation
MultiLeader Content
Text Rotation: Specifies the angle of the content text.
The feature of the MultiLeader Properties Content page vary
depending upon the content type specified in the selected
MultiLeader Style. If the Content Type in the style is set to
none the page will be blank. If the Content Type is set to text
the page will be as follows:
Landing Gap: Specifies the distance between the end of the
landing and the content.
Style: Select At Least to automatically set the line size
relative to the largest character of a line. Select Exactly to
keep all lines the same size.
Factor: Sets the distance between lines.
If the Content Type in the style is set to block the Content
page will look as follows:
Text Style: Set which Text style from the Style manager is
used in the multileader.
Height: Sets the height of the text. This will override the
settings in the styles.
Frame around text: specifies whether a box will be drawn
around the text of the multileader.
Width: Sets the width of the paragraph.
Background Mask: Creates a mask for objects behind the
text.
Block Source: Specifies the block to be used in the content.
Block Attachment: Specifies whether the block will be
attached to the multileader using its geometric center of the
block, or attached using the block reference point (insertion
point).
Block Color: Sets the block color.
Block Rotation: specifies the angle for the rotation of the
block insertion.
Scale X: Sets a scaling factor for the block along its X axis.
Color: Sets the text color.
Scale Y: Sets a scaling factor for the block along its Y axis.
Justify: Specifies the text justification.
Scale Z: Sets a scaling factor for the block along its Z axis.
Left Attachment: Specifies the vertical position where the
leaders on the left side of the content.
MultiLeader Styles
Right Attachment: Specifies the vertical position where the
leaders on the right side of the content.
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You can manage and create MultiLeader styles using the
Style manager. For more on the Style Manager see "Style
Manager" on page 564.
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In the Style Manager, there is one style, “Standard,”
listed under “MultiLeader styles.”.
You can edit the text on the General page of the marker’s
Properties. In addition, you can modify properties of either
the shape or text by using the Selection Info palette.
NOTE: In the Preview area, you can click to zoom part of the
graphic. Double-click to fit the graphic in the window.
8.
You can change the “Standard” style, but if you want to
preserve this style, make sure “Standard” is
highlighted, then click Create New.
9.
Assign a name or accept the default.
This creates a new which is a copy of “Standard.”
10.
To change the current multileader to the new style,
open its Properties to the General page.
Drawing Symbols
The AddOns menu (in TurboCAD Pro only) contains several
commonly-used symbols you can insert into your drawing.
Weld Symbols
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Most of these tools can also be found on the Special Tools
toolbar, displayed by right-clicking in any toolbar and
selecting Special Tools.
Drawing Markers
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Deluxe only
Use the Weld Symbol window to enter the symbol
parameters.
Menu: Tools / Architecture / Markers
Use drawing markers to add a shape with text inside. You can
choose between a circle, square, diamond, and hexagon.
These tools can also be found on the Drawing Markers
toolbar.
The marker is inserted with default text (1S, 2S, etc.).
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Click OK when finished, and locate the symbol in your
drawing.
To edit a weld symbol, open its Properties window (see
"Object Properties" on page 79). Open the Other page, click
Weld Symbol, and click Go To Page.
value of Tolerance 2. Other (optional) compartments
commonly contain a pair of symbols each. These are a datum
reference letter and a material condition symbol.
1.
Select the Tolerance tool.
2.
Click to place the insertion point of the tolerance.
3.
Click to set the angle of the tolerance insertion and to
finish.
The Tolerance window provides controls for customizing
the symbol frames.
This opens the original design window, in which you can
change any symbol parameters.
Geometric Tolerance
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Tolerance is used to specify by how much a dimension can
vary. Geometric tolerancing is a way to show maximum
allowable deviations of form, profile, orientation, location,
and runout of a feature.
The first of two mandatory symbol frames contains a symbol
that represents the geometric characteristic to which a
tolerance is being applied, such as form, orientation, or
runout. Form tolerances control straightness, flatness,
circularity, cylindricity, and profiles of lines and surfaces.
The second mandatory frame contains the tolerance value.
Where applicable, the tolerance value is preceded by a
diameter symbol and followed by a material condition
symbol.
For a tolerance frame with two tolerance values, the second
compartments contains the value of Tolerance 1 and is
followed by a third, identical compartment that holds the
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Sym: Select one of the available geometric characteristic
symbols.
Tolerance (#): Specify three parameters - the tolerance value
and two symbols, diameter and material condition, preceding
the value and succeeding it, respectively. The diameter
symbol can be inserted by toggling the box preceding the
tolerance value field.
MC (Material Conditions): Relevant for features that can
vary in size.
• Maximum material condition (M or MMC): A
feature contains the maximum amount of material
stated in the limits. At MMC, a hole has minimum
diameter, whereas a shaft has maximum diameter.
• Least material condition (L or LMC): A feature
contains the minimum amount of material stated in the
limits. At LMC, a hole has maximum diameter,
whereas a shaft has minimum diameter.
• Regardless of Feature Size (S or RFS): A feature can
be any size within the stated limits.
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Datum (#): A theoretically point, axis, or plane from which
you make measurements and verify dimensions. Usually,
two or three mutually perpendicular planes perform this task
best. These are jointly called the datum reference frame.
Specify one of three datum references - primary, secondary,
and tertiary (A, B, and C). The datum reference can consist
of a value and a modifying symbol.
Click OK when finished, and locate the symbol in your
drawing.
Height Protected Tolerance Zone: Controls the variation in
height of the extended portion of a fixed perpendicular part
and refines the tolerance to that specified by positional
tolerances. Enter a value in the data entry field. A projected
tolerance zone symbol (P) can be inserted or discarded by
toggling the box succeeding the height entry field.
To edit a surface roughness symbol, open its Properties
window (see "Object Properties" on page 79). Open the
Other page, click Surface Roughness, and click Go To
Page.
Use the Format page to set the parameters for the lines and
text of the Tolerance.
Hatching
To edit a tolerance symbol, open its Properties window (see
"Object Properties" on page 79) and click Tolerance.
Surface Roughness
This opens the original design window, in which you can
change any symbol parameters.
Hatching is a way to fill a closed 2D object with a pattern.
The pattern that will be used, or whether the fill will be solid,
is set in the Brush page the Hatch tools’ Properties window
(see "Brush Properties" on page 82).
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
You can display the Hatch toolbar by right-clicking in any
toolbar area and selecting Hatch.
Use the Surface Roughness window to enter the symbol
parameters.
You can also fill a closed object by adjusting the Brush
settings in the object’s Properties window. Another way is
to use the Colors and Brushes palette; see "Colors and
Brushes" on page 49.
NOTE: If no pattern is specified when an object is selected for
hatching, the fill will be solid.
Associative Hatching
Associative hatches are linked to their boundaries, and
update when their boundaries are modified.
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Non-associative hatches are independent of their boundaries.
Path Hatching
Applies a hatch pattern to a closed boundary of segments,
defined manually.
To set hatching to be associative, check Associative Hatch
on the Display page of the Drawing Setup (Options /
Display).
To break the link between an associative hatch and its
boundary, select both the boundary and the hatch, and select
Drop Link from the Inspector Bar or local menu.
1.
Set the hatch pattern by opening the Properties
window of the Hatch tool. On the Brush page, select
the pattern and other hatch parameters.
2.
Activate Path Hatching.
3.
Select points to define segments of the boundary. The
points do not have to lie on existing objects; they can
be anywhere. A magenta line indicates the progress of
the boundary.
4.
Select the first point again to close the boundary, or
select Close from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
Hatch
Applies a hatch pattern to a selected closed area. The closed
objects must be selected before the Hatch tool can be used.
1.
Set the hatch pattern by opening the Properties
window of the Hatch tool. On the Brush page, select
the pattern and other hatch parameters.
2.
Use the Select tool to select the objects you want to
hatch.
Local menu option:
By Entity: Use this option to select the entire perimeter of
an object. If you have already selected boundary points, By
Entity will select the perimeter up to the next point. This is
especially useful when you are trying to hatch curved
objects.
3.
Click Hatch or select Format / Create Hatch.
The hatch is not applied to overlapping areas.
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Pick Point and Hatch
1.
With Pick Point Hatching you can pre-set the hatch’s
pattern Line Color, Line Pattern, Line Width, Brush
Color and Brush Pattern from the Properties toolbar
directly above the drawing area.
Applies a hatch pattern to a closed boundary, by clicking one
point within the desired boundary. This tool recognizes
overlaps and islands.
2.
Activate Pick Point and Hatch.
3.
Click any point within the desired boundary to create
the hatch.
1.
Set the hatch pattern by opening the Properties
window of the Hatch tool. On the Brush page, select
the pattern and other hatch parameters.
4.
You can hatch additional areas by clicking until you
cancel out of the tool.
2.
Activate Pick Point and Hatch.
3.
Click any point within the desired boundary to create
the hatch.
You can change a hatch pattern by selecting an object and
changing the pattern listed on the Brush page of its
Properties window (see "Brush Properties" on page 82).
Editing a Hatch Pattern
If you want to edit a hatch pattern, you will first have to
explode it (see "Exploding Objects" on page 247). For
associative hatches, you must first explode the object into its
boundary and hatch components.
4.
To hatch another area, you must activate the tool again
and pick another point.
Pick Point Hatching
Pick Point Hatching is an enhanced version of Pick Point
Hatch.
Applies a hatch pattern to a closed boundary, by clicking one
point within the desired boundary. This tool recognizes
overlaps and islands.
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10 Working in 3D
This section focuses on setting up your drawing to work in
3D, creating 3D objects, and manipulating the view so that
you can see your objects from any angle.
You can use 3D tools (as well as most 3D editing tools) in
both wireframe and render modes (in TurboCAD Pro only).
See "Creating and Editing Objects in Render Mode" on page
496.
Draw form-building edges: When checked, the entire
structure of 3D objects is shown. When not checked, the
minimum number of edges needed to show the object will be
displayed.
3D Drawing Setup
Each drawing has a Drawing Setup (Options / Drawing
Setup) in which you can control how 3D objects are
displayed or rendered.
With form-building edges
Three of the Drawing Setup controls are relevant for 3D
models - Display, ACIS, and Render Scene Environment.
Display
Without form-building edges
NOTE: You can make selected edges non form-building with
the Edit Tool. See "Editing Nodes of Edges of Exploded
Surfaces" on page 429.
ACIS
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
The options on this page that is relevant to 3D is in the
Display section. For the remaining options, see "Display
Options" on page 67.
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Controls faceting of ACIS 3D solid (not surface) objects,
thereby the accuracy of the model representation. Faceting
generates polygonal representations of object faces, while
maintaining the edge consistency between adjacent faces.
NOTE: The faceted representation of a face is also called a
mesh.
Faceting is used during rendering, and faceting refinements
may have a significant impact on the rendering process.
Tighter facets (higher in number) produce a smoother
rendered surface, but slow down the rendering process.
Degenerative Faceting: Reduces the number of edges
without generating facets. Should be used if your model
contains a significant number of 3D objects, because the
drawing loading time will be reduced. (For files of tens of
megabytes, the loading time reduction may be more than ten
times.) However, rendering such a model may take much
longer.
Allow Axis Scale: ACIS solid objects can be scaled by
entering different scale values in the Inspector Bar for each
axis. If not checked, scaling will be uniform, and this
uniform values must be entered in the scale fields for at least
two axes.
NOTE: This parameter is only relevant for ACIS solids. Use the
Selection Info palette if you are unsure about an object’s type.
For example, if you create a solid box, you will need to explode
it once to make it an ACIS solid.
Creating Editing History: Enables you to edit 3D objects,
after they are created, in the Selection Info palette. See
"Editing 3D Objects using Selection Info" on page 487.
Show Selected Axes for Solid Objects: Applies to objects
that will be assembled by axis. See "Assemble by Axis" on
page 480.
Faceter Mode: Three types of faceting are available:
• Draft: The default mode. Default settings cannot be
changed.
• Quality: Provides better quality than Draft, but the
default settings cannot be changed.
• Custom: Enables you to control default tolerance
parameters.
With degenerative faceting
Custom Faceter Parameters: If Custom is the faceter
mode, you can set the following parameters:
• Surface Tolerance: The maximum distance between
the facet and the part of the solid it is representing,
thereby setting how closely the facets represent the
surface.
Without degenerative faceting
NOTE: To see the effects of degenerative faceting, check
Draw form-building edges on the Display page of the
Drawing Setup (Options / Display).
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• Normal Tolerance: The maximum angle between two
adjacent nodes of a facet (actually the normal
deviation), thereby setting how accurately the facets
represent the solid, and the rendering quality. This
control is usually independent of model size.
• Maximum Edge Length: The maximum facet edge
length. As the length decreases, the number of facets
increases. This is the way to subdivide facets into more
planar faces.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
Render Scene Environment
Standard Views
The ten standard views can be accessed from the View /
Camera menu.
You can also display this toolbar separately by right-clicking
in the toolbar area and selecting Standard Views.
Options for rendering that control the background and
foreground. These effects can be seen only when using
Quality rendering. See "Rendering" on page 495 and
"Environments" on page 530.
3D Views
While working in 3D, there are many ways to change how
you view your drawing. Views are seen by the “camera” equivalent to your eye. The camera is located in a specific
place and faces a specific direction. See "The Camera" on
page 419.
And, by default, these tools are available on the local
(right-click) menu.
Orthographic Views
The first six views on the toolbar are orthographic views Top (World Plan), Left, Front, Bottom, Back, Right.
If your model was enclosed in a box, these views reflect how
the model would appear by looking directly at each of the
box faces. If you “unfold” the box, you can see the
relationship between the views.
There are several standard orthographic and isometric views,
and if you need additional perspective you can change how
the camera is oriented. You can move the camera using the
Move Camera commands (see "Camera Movements" on
page 421), and dynamically examine the model using the
Walk Through tools (see "Walk Through Tools" on page
421). To save and display additional views, you can create
camera objects (see "Camera Objects" on page 422).
TIP: If you use a wheel mouse, keep the middle mouse button
pressed, and drag the cursor around the screen to
dynamically rotate the model.
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Saving 3D Views
You can save 3D views using the methods described in
"Saving Views" on page 102. In addition, you can use
camera objects to save views with specific parameters and
open them in their own windows. See "Camera Objects" on
page 422.
3D Coordinate Systems
Front View: Looks at the XZ plane of the World Coordinate
System, while facing +Y.
Top View: Looks at the XY plane while facing -Z (down).
TIP: The Top view can be also obtained from the Plan view by
using the Roll walk through tool. See "Roll" on page 421
Left View: Looks at the YZ plane while facing +X.
Bottom View: Looks at the XY plane while facing +Z (up).
Back View: Looks at the XZ plane while facing -Y.
Right View: Looks at the YZ plane while facing -X.
Isometric Views
The last four views on the toolbar are isometric - angled
views. The views are named for compass directions
(Isometric_SE is the view looking from the southeast).
Each model has an internal, fixed coordinate system - the
WCS, or World Coordinate System. The WCS cannot be
changed, but you can define your own coordinate system the UCS, or User Coordinate System. When you start a new
drawing, the UCS by default coincides with WCS. All
objects are defined and manipulated with respect to the
current UCS.
• Selecting an object using 2D Selector mode (see "2D /
3D Selector" on page 181) changes the UCS (and
therefore the workplane) to the one attached to the
selected object.
• When you move an object in 3D Selector mode, or an
object that is part of a group or block, the UCS and
workplane do not change. The Entity Coordinate
System and its workplane travel with the object.
The UCS indicator is helpful if you want to see how the UCS
moves. You can display markers for the UCS and WCS via
the Local menu toolbars menu, and customize the markers’
appearance via the Preference page of the Program Setup
(Options / Preference). The WCS indicator is always shown
at the lower left corner of the screen; the UCS indicator is
shown at the UCS origin.
Workplanes
A workplane is the plane on which 2D objects are created,
and on which most 3D objects are based. In 2D, you always
work on the same workplane - the XY plane of the current
UCS. In 3D, however, the workplane may change frequently.
In 3D, the workplane is still in the XY plane by default. But
if you have 3D objects in your model, you can temporarily
move the workplane to the facet where your cursor is. This
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is set in the Drawing Aids window, which can be opened by
right-clicking on the SNAP or GEO field at the bottom of the
screen.
The facet workplane is temporary; after the object is created,
the workplane returns to the XY plane. If you highlight
another facet, that workplane will be temporarily active for
the next object you create.
NOTE: For details on Drawing Aids, see "Snap Settings" on
page 108.
When Workplane by Face mode is checked, the facet will
highlight in red when the cursor passes over it.
NOTE: If you create an object with no facet highlighted, the
default workplane will be used.
The object you draw will be placed on that facet.
If you uncheck Workplane by Face mode in Drawing
Aids, the workplane will always be the default workplane. If
you don’t want to use the XY plane of the current UCS, you
can use one of the Workplane commands. These commands
can be found on the flyout toolbar on the main toolbar.
You can also display the Workplane toolbar by
right-clicking in any toolbar area and selecting Workplane.
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NOTE: The Design Director also contains tools for
manipulating workplanes, creating workplanes, and
displaying the view according to a selected workplane. See
"Design Director: Workplanes" on page 131.
If you are working with the grid turned on (see "Grid" on
page 107), the grid will lie on the current workplane.
NOTE: If Workplane by Face mode is checked in the
Drawing Aids window, the location of the workplane will
change temporarily when you highlight a facet and create an
object on it. As soon as the object on that facet workplane is
finished, the workplane returns to the default location.
Initially the indicator is sized to fit the entire window, but
you can change this, as well as the angle and location of the
workplane (see "Editing the Workplane" on page 369).
You can also display the origin of the workplane coordinate
system by opening the Preferences (Options / Preference)
and checking Show User CS.
Displaying the Workplane
Displays or hides the red indicator representing the current
workplane.
Fit to Window
Fits the workplane rectangle to the current window. This is
useful after a view change such as zoom or pan.
WorkPlane hidden
Changing the Workplane
While working in 3D, you will probably have to change the
workplane frequently to create objects that have the correct
location and orientation.
WorkPlane displayed
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For example, create a cube based on the default workplane.
If you want to create a cylinder on the top face of the cube,
you must move the workplane up to this face. Then you can
place the cylinder in the correct location.
2.
Select By View. The workplane is turned so that it is
parallel to the view plane. The Z axis becomes
perpendicular to the drawing screen.
Workplane by World
The workplane can also change when you select objects,
depending on whether the 2D or 3D Selector is used. See
"2D / 3D Selector" on page 181.
Sets the workplane based on the WCS (World Coordinate
System).
Workplane by View
NOTE: By World is the default workplane when selecting
objects that reside on different workplanes.
Sets the workplane according to the current view.
You can display the WCS at the lower left corner of the
screen by opening the Preferences and checking Show
World CS.
1.
Position the model to the desired view. In this example,
the current workplane is By World.
By World, top view
By World, Isometric_SW view
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Workplane by Entity
The workplane is positioned according to the selected object.
Sets the workplane according to the coordinate system of a
selected object, block, or group.
1.
Click By Entity, and the cursor becomes a dashed
representation of the current UCS. Click the desired
object.
TIP: If an object is listed in the Graphics section of the Design
Director, you can set the view to an object’s Workplane by
Entity, and set this workplane as the current workplane. See
"Design Director: Graphics" on page 133.
Workplane by 3 Points
The workplane is placed along the plane on which the
object was created.
2.
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Sets the workplane to fit three points. You can select these
points, or enter their coordinates in the Coordinate Fields.
1.
Select the UCS origin.
2.
Select the second point to define the +X direction.
To change the workplane to another object, use the tool
again. Click the desired object.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
3.
Select any point that lies on the desired X-Y plane.
2.
Select the second point to define the +Z direction.
The workplane is created.
The workplane is created.
Workplane by Z axis
Sets the workplane by defining the Z axis of the UCS. The
X-Y plane is perpendicular to this axis.
1.
In this example, because of the view, it may not appear that
the workplane was aligned correctly. You can rotate the
model to verify that the workplane is indeed aligned with the
desired plane.
Select the UCS origin, or enter the coordinates in the
Coordinate Fields. In this example, the workplane is to
be aligned with face shown.
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Workplane Origin
Workplane by Facet
Sets the workplane parallel to (offset from) the current
workplane, by relocating the UCS origin.
Sets the workplane to be aligned along a facet of a solid.
1.
NOTE: The workplane is set to a facet automatically by default,
as long as Workplane by Face mode is checked in the
Drawing Aids window. You can open this window by
right-clicking on the SNAP or GEO field at the bottom of the
screen. See "Snap Settings" on page 108.
When you select UCS Origin, the cursor becomes a set
of dashed axes, with the X-Y plane parallel to the
current X-Y workplane.
1.
2.
Move the cursor to the desired facet, which is
highlighted in red, and the workplane axes are
displayed.
Select a new UCS origin, or enter the coordinates in
the Coordinate Fields.
NOTE: To select a facet behind or in front of the indicated facet,
use the Page Up and Page Down keys.
The parallel workplane is created.
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2.
Click to create the workplane.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
Saving and Recalling WorkPlanes
Previous
Saves workplanes so that you can recall them later.
Recalls the previous workplane. Using this tool repeatedly
will toggle between the current and previous workplanes; it
will not scroll back through several workplanes.
NOTE: You can also create saved workplanes in the Design
Director. See "Design Director: Workplanes" on page 131.
1.
Editing the Workplane
Create the desired workplane.
Enables you to move or rotate the workplane, and to scale the
workplane indicator.
• Drag the blue handles to change the scale (only affects
the indicator).
• Use the green handles to rotate the workplane about a
specific axis.
• Use the yellow reference point to move the workplane.
2.
Click Named, and assign a name for the workplane.
Click New to add it to the list.
• Press D to select the workplane’s reference point if you
want to move it.
You can also use the scale, position, and rotation fields in the
Inspector Bar.
1.
3.
Click Edit, and the workplane is displayed with
editing handles.
Now, when a different workplane is active, you can
recall the one you saved. Click Named again, find the
desired workplane on the list, and click Go to. (You
can also double-click on the name.)
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2.
3.
Click on a green rotation handle (Y in this case), and
move the mouse to rotate the workplane.
Click anywhere outside the workplane to finish and
accept the new position.
NOTE: You can snap to points along intersection lines and
curves. See "Workplane Intersections Snap" on page 114.
Workplane without interactions
Display Intersections with 3D Objects
Workplane with interactions
Enables you to visualize where the current workplane
intersects with 3D objects. This is a toggle command; if
selected, the interactions will always be displayed whenever
the workplane is displayed.
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Place on WorkPlane
3D Properties
Enables you to place 2D objects on the current workplane.
Controls how objects are created, and their materials.
1.
Select the objects you want to move.
2.
Select Format / Place on Workplane. The objects are
moved onto the current workplane.
This tool can be useful, for example, for objects that have
been selected with the 3D Selector (see "2D / 3D Selector"
on page 181) and moved from their original workplane. If
you try using a 2D tool like Fillet on two lines that sit on
different workplanes, the tool will not work; one of the lines
must be moved to the workplane of the other.
Creating 3D Objects
You can display the 3D Object toolbar by right-clicking in
any toolbar area and selecting 3D Object.
There are three types of 3D objects you can create:
• Standard 3D objects: Objects created entirely within
as 3D tool. See "Standard 3D Objects" on page 373.
• 3D Profile objects: Objects created by performing
functions on 2D profile objects. See "Profile Objects"
on page 388.
• Modified 2D objects. 2D objects that are assigned a
thickness. See "Creating 3D Objects by Editing 2D
Objects" on page 409.
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NOTE: For options that control how 3D objects are displayed,
see "ACIS" on page 359.
The ACIS engine is Available in TurboCAD Pro and
Platinum only. Therefore, you can only work with solids and
surfaces in the Pro version, though TurboCAD surfaces are
available in all versions.
Create 3D Object As: Choose between Solid (ACIS
representation)
and
TC
Surface
(TurboCAD
representation). 3D objects are created as solids by default,
but you can change this Properties setting for all 3D tools,
or for individual objects.
• Solid objects are created using the ACIS solid
modeling engine. Solids are more realistic than
surfaces, because objects have volume as well as
shape. The solid model assumes that a 3D object
comprises a framework, a “skin” (set of surfaces)
encasing the framework, and inner “body.”
• TC Surface objects are created using the TurboCAD
internal graphics engine. The “inner body” concept
does not apply to surfaces, but when an object is
trimmed or cut, the resultant object is entirely covered
by surface elements.
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You can create surfaces that are ACIS objects by
converting existing objects. See "Surface and Solid
Conversion Operations" on page 466.
TIP: You can explode a solid object twice to turn it into an
exploded (node-editable) surface object.
Thickness: Relevant for 2D objects. Assigning a 2D object
a thickness makes it a 3D object. Closed 2D objects become
solid or surface volumes; open objects (lines, arcs) become
surfaces. See "Creating 3D Objects by Editing 2D Objects"
on page 409.
NOTE: The thickness is assigned perpendicular to the
workplane in which the object was drawn, regardless of the
current workplane.
Materials: Apply photorealistic colors and textures to the
selected 3D object (your model) by using preset materials or
by creating new materials. Materials can also be assigned By
Block. When set By Block the object will use the material
assigned to the block instance in which it resides.
Materials are only viewable in certain render modes. See
"Materials" on page 522.
Render Geometry
Edit Faceting Properties: This button opens the dialog
with local faceter mode settings. Dialog parameters fully
match the parameters available in the ACIS Custom
parameters.
Section Surface And Shadows
This set of additional options define the behavior of the
graphic during rendering.
Use Options: This option turns the use of this set of options
on/off. If this option is off (by default), then these options do
not affect the render. If it is on, then rendering will use the
parameters from this section for this object.
Double-Sided: (Off by default) When On this option
indicates to the rendering engine that the primitive should be
treated as double-sided. By default a primitive is
single-sided.
Reversed Normals: (Off by default) When On this option
indicates to the rendering engine that orientation of normals
will be reversed.
Shadow Receive: (On by default) When Off this option
indicates to the rendering engine that the primitive will no
longer receive any shadows.
Shadow Cast: (On by default) When Off this option
indicates to the rendering engine that the primitive will no
longer cast any shadows.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
TC Surface Properties
These properties are used to speed up rendering and have
more efficient memory use. These properties work only in
render modes and do not affect wireframe or hidden line
modes.
If an object is created as a surface, the options on this page
of the Properties will be enabled. To create a surface object,
TC Surface must be checked in the object’s 3D page of its
Properties.
Faceting
A set of options that define the faceter mode for the object.
Faceting options can be enabled only for ACIS (solid)
objects.
NOTE: Solid (ACIS) objects are Available in TurboCAD Pro
and Platinum only.
Use Faceting: This option turns the local faceter mode
on/off. When it is off( by default), this section does not affect
the render. If it is on, then render will use the local faceter
mode instead of the one from the ACIS dialog to control
rendering of this object.
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Parameters on this page depend on the type of 3D object. For
example, these are a cone’s parameters:
Standard 3D Objects
Standard 3D objects, also knows as Primitives, are created
entirely within a 3D tool, with no reference to any other
objects.
Box
Creates an orthogonal, rectangular prism.
These are the parameters for a sphere:
1.
Select two opposite corners for the rectangular base.
The rectangle is created on the current workplane.
2.
Select the third point to define the box height. The
height is normal to the workplane.
Most 3D objects have a TC Surface Options page
resembling one of the above examples.
• Number of approximation lines, latitudinal,
longitudinal segments: The number of segments that
represent the object. To see the segments, Draw
form-building edges must be checked in the Display
page of the Drawing Setup (Options / Display).
Low vs. high number of approximation lines
• Smooth: Smooths an object when rendering.
You can also enter the length, width, and height in the
Inspector Bar.
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Box Properties
3.
The third click defines the width of the base rectangle.
4.
The fourth and final click defines the height of the box.
The Properties window of a box contains a Box page, in
which you can set the length, width, and height.
Rotated Box
Creates a rectangular prism, based on a rectangle defined by
three points.
1.
The rotated box will be placed on top of this shallow
box. The first click defines one corner of the base
rectangle.
You can also enter the length, width, and angle of the edge of
the base rectangle, and the height, in the Inspector Bar.
The Properties window of a rotated box contains a Box
page, in which you can set the length, width, and height.
2.
The second click defines one edge of the base
rectangle.
Sphere
Creates a sphere centered on the current workplane.
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1.
Select the center point of the sphere. The point will be
projected onto the current workplane.
Hemisphere
Creates a hemisphere (half of a sphere) with its circular base
on the current workplane.
2.
Click to size the sphere, or enter the radius in the
Inspector Bar.
NOTE: A hemisphere is considered to be a Sphere object, and
its Properties contain a Sphere page. For details, see
"Sphere Properties" on page 375.
1.
Select the center point of the hemisphere. The point
will be created on the current workplane.
2.
Click to size the hemisphere, or enter the radius in the
Inspector Bar.
The sphere is created, centered on the workplane.
Sphere Properties
The Properties window of a sphere (and hemisphere)
contains a Sphere page, in which you can set the radius.
The hemisphere is created on the side of the positive Z
axis.
For TC Surface Options, see "TC Surface Properties" on
page 372.
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Local menu option:
Cone Properties
Downward: Creates a hemisphere in the negative Z
direction, “below” the workplane.
The Properties window of a cone contains a Cone page, in
which you can set the geometric parameters.
Cone
For TC Surface Options, see "TC Surface Properties" on
page 372.
Creates a cone - by default, an object with a circular base that
tapers to a point at the top. There are local menu options for
creating non-standard cones.
1.
Create the circular base by selecting the centerpoint
and a point on the circumference. Or enter the radius,
diameter, or circumference in the Inspector Bar. The
circle is created on the current workplane.
Local menu options:
NOTE: These options can be used separately or in
combination. Cut Cone by Plane and Cut Cone by Lofting
cannot be used together.
Specify 2D Base: Uses an existing 2D object as the base.
1.
2.
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Select the 2D object. (You cannot use 2D objects that
are contained within a group or block.)
Select a third point to specify the cone height, or enter
the height in the Inspector Bar. You can create the cone
on either side of the workplane. The top point is
directly above the base centerpoint.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
2.
Select a point to define the height, or enter the height in
the Inspector Bar. The height is perpendicular to the
workplane of the 2D object.
1.
Create the circular base.
2.
Select the point which is directly under the desired tip.
3.
Select a third point to specify the cone height, or enter
the height in the Inspector Bar. The top point is directly
above the selected point.
You can also select a 2D open object. In this case, a
partial-cone surface object will be created.
You can also use a compound profile, open or closed,
for the 2D base. (A compound profile is a series of
connected lines and/or arcs.) Make sure Specify 2D
Base and Use Compound Profile are both active, and
select the compound profile.
When the profile is selected, select Finish Selection of
Profile.
Cut Cone by Plane: Creates a truncated cone by cutting off
the tip.
Specify Object Height Base: Creates an offset cone by
using a specified point for the cone tip.
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1.
Create a standard cone.
2.
Move the mouse outward to create the top of the cone.
You can also enter a scaling factor in the Inspector Bar.
2.
Move the mouse back toward the base to create the cut.
You can also enter the height of cut in the Inspector
Bar.
Cylinder
Creates a cylinder - by default, a circular prism.
1.
Create the circular base by selecting the centerpoint
and a point on the circumference. Or enter the radius,
diameter, or circumference in the Inspector Bar. The
circle is created on the current workplane.
2.
Select a third point to specify the cylinder height, or
enter the height in the Inspector Bar. You can create the
cylinder on either side of the workplane.
Cut Cone as Lofting: Creates an inverted, truncated cone by
using a scaling factor for the cone base.
1.
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Create a standard cone.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
Cylinder Properties
Torus
The Properties window of a cylinder contains a Cylinder
page, in which you can set the geometric parameters.
Creates a donut-shaped object by extruding a circle along a
circular path.
1.
Create the circular base by selecting the centerpoint
and a point on the circumference. Or enter the base
radius in the Inspector Bar. The circle is created on the
current workplane.
2.
The default option is Center, which means the
cross-section of the torus uses the base circle as its
center. Click to define the tube size, or enter the tube
radius in the Inspector Bar.
For TC Surface Options, see "TC Surface Properties" on
page 372.
Local menu option:
Specify Object Height Base: Creates an offset cylinder by
using a specified point for the top face.
1.
Create the circular base.
2.
Select the point which is directly under the desired
center of the top face.
3.
Select a third point to specify the cylinder height, or
enter the height in the Inspector Bar.
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The torus is created, centered on the workplane.
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Torus Properties
Polygonal Prism
The Properties window of a torus contains a Torus page, in
which you can set the geometric parameters.
Creates a prism by defining a polygon (multi-sided, equal
lengths, closed) as its base shape.
1.
Create the base polygon by selecting the centerpoint
and one of the vertices. You can enter the number of
sides, angle, and radius or side length in the Inspector
Bar. The polygon is created on the current workplane.
2.
Select a third point to specify the prism height, or enter
the height in the Inspector Bar. You can create the
prism on either side of the workplane.
For TC Surface Options, see "TC Surface Properties" on
page 372.
Local menu options:
Inner Radius: The base circle is the inner radius; the torus
proceeds outward.
Outer Radius: The base circle is the outer radius; the torus
proceeds inward.
Prism Properties
The Properties window of a prism contains a Prism page, in
which you can set the geometric parameters.
For TC Surface Options, see "TC Surface Properties" on
page 372.
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Local menu options:
The order of selecting points is important - the wedge
will be extruded from the second point.
Specify Object Height Base: Creates an offset prism by
using a specified point for the top face.
1.
Create the base polygon.
2.
Select the point which is directly under the desired
center of the top face.
3.
Select a third point to specify the prism height, or enter
the height in the Inspector Bar.
2.
Select a third point to specify the wedge height, or
enter the height in the Inspector Bar. You can create the
wedge on either side of the workplane.
Wedge Properties
The Properties window of a wedge contains a Wedge page,
in which you can set the geometric parameters.
Wedge
Creates a triangular wedge - a box cut diagonally in half.
1.
For TC Surface Options, see "TC Surface Properties" on
page 372.
Create the base rectangle by selecting its opposite
corners. You can also enter the length and width in the
Inspector Bar. The rectangle is created on the current
workplane.
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Thread
3.
Select the side of the cylinder (or hole).
4.
Move the mouse to specify the Height, or enter a value
in the Height field of the Inspector Bar.
5.
If you are specifying the height by using the mouse,
click to finish the thread.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Thread adds a threaded section to any cylindrical surface,
including the outside of a cylinder, or the inside of a
cylindrical hole. The hole can be the result of using a
Boolean to subtract a cylinder from a solid, or created with
the hole tool if the hole has no chamfer.
Local menu options:
Height: Sets the total height of the thread.
Pitch: Set the distance between ridges on the thread.
Schematic: Sets the thread display and generation of the
thread to a simpler form appropriate for schematics. This
form takes the least computation.
Simple: Sets the thread display and generation to a middle
form appropriate in which the threads are shown as parallel
ridges. This form takes the moderate computation.
Genuine: Sets the thread display and generation to an exact
form with true helical threads. This form takes the most
computation.
1.
Specify the Pitch and Thread type in the Inspector bar
2.
Click on a planar face at one end of the cylinder (or
hole). The thread height will be measured from this
face.
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Or
If you are specifying the height by using the Inspector
bar, press Enter to set the height.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
3D Mesh
3.
A coordinates table appears, in which you can enter Z
values for each X-Y node. In this table, you can also
modify the position of X and Y mesh lines, but you
cannot edit X and Y coordinates of individual nodes at
this stage of creating the mesh.
4.
Click OK. The mesh now contains the interpolation
nodes, and the Z values are linear interpolations
between the main X-Y nodes.
Creates a mesh that represents a set of facets. The base of a
mesh is a rectangle with the sides parallel to the X and Y
axes.
NOTE: The Terrain tools provide another way to create a
meshed surface. See "Terrain" on page 560.
To create this mesh, TurboCAD defines a matrix consisting
of X and Y nodes, with each node separated by a Step value.
The default number of nodes is 14 for each axis, but this can
be changed in the Inspector Bar.
In addition, you can specify Interpolation nodes, which are
nodes created between the main X and Y nodes. If you use
interpolation nodes, Z values are interpolated between main
nodes, thus creating a smoother mesh.
1.
In the Inspector Bar, enter the number of nodes and
interpolation nodes. If you know the Step value, you
can enter that as well.
2.
Place the rectangular mesh by selecting a corner point.
If the Step values are not defined, sizing the rectangle
will establish them. Notice that the interpolation nodes
do not appear yet.
TIP: Use the Edit Tool to move a single node or a group of
nodes (see "Edit Tool in 3D" on page 427).
3D Mesh Properties
Enables you to change properties of the 3D mesh.
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If you are specifying the radius/diameter by using the
Inspector bar, press Enter to set the radius/diameter.
Table of vertices: Displays the 3D Mesh Coordinates
dialog, in which you can adjust the coordinates of each node.
Use the Row Number spin control to choose the row of the
mesh base.
4.
Move the mouse to specify the Top Radius, or enter a
value in the Radius or Diameter fields of the Inspector
Bar.
5.
If you are specifying the radius by using the mouse,
click to finish the set the Top Radius.
Or
If you are specifying the radius/diameter by using the
Inspector bar, press Enter to set the radius/diameter.
This is different than the coordinates table you used to create
the mesh. In this table you can edit coordinates of all points,
including interpolation nodes.
Smooth: Gives the mesh a smooth appearance in render
mode.
Helix
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
6.
Move the mouse to specify the height of the helix, or
enter values in the Turns and Turn Height fields of the
Inspector Bar.
7.
If you are specifying the height by using the mouse,
click to finish the helix.
This tool creates a curvilinear helix that can be used for
creating springs and other helical elements.
1.
Click to place the Base Point of the helix.
2.
Move the mouse to specify the Base Radius, or enter a
value in the Radius or Diameter fields of the Inspector
Bar.
3.
If you are specifying the radius by using the mouse,
click to finish the extrusion.
Or
Or
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
If you are specifying the Turns and Turn Height by
using the Inspector bar, press Enter to set the finish the
helix.
• If the Turn Height property is constrained, changing
the Height property will also change the Turns
property, and changing the Turns property will change
the Height property. If the Turn Height value is
changed the Height property will also change.
• If the Height property is constrained, changing the
Turn Height property will also change the Turns
property, and changing the Turns property will change
the Turn Height property. If the Height value is
changed the Turn Height property will also change.
• If the Turns property is constrained, changing the
Height property will also change the Turn Height
property, and changing the Turn Height property will
change the Height property. If the Turns value is
changed the Height property will also change.
General Properties:
Helix Properties
The Properties window of a Helix object contains a Helix
page, in which you can set parameters defining how the
object is created.
• Height: Sets the total height of the helix.
• Turns: Sets the number of turns in the helix.
• Turn Height: Sets the height of each complete turn in
the helix.
• Base Radius: Sets the radius of the first turn of the
helix.
• Top Radius: sets the radius of the final turn of the
helix.
• Twist Orientation: these options specify the direction
that the helix will turn, clockwise, or
counter-clockwise.
Constrain Type: This controls the dynamic for changing the
properties by semi-locking the selected property. When one
of the other properties is changed, the designated constrained
property remains constant, and the third property is altered
so that the constrained property can remain constant. The
constrained properties work in the following pattern:
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3D Polyline
1.
Select the control points in the desired order.
2.
After selecting the last point, select Finish from the
local menu or press Alt+F. You can also double-click
the last point.
3.
If you want to close the spline, choose Close from the
local menu instead of Finish. In this case, the spline
will no longer touch the first and last control points.
Similar to 2D Polyline (see "Polyline" on page 138), but you
can place line segments anywhere in 3D space; you are not
restricted to the current workplane.
You can enter coordinates in the Coordinate Fields, but there
are no input fields in the Inspector Bar for this tool.
Unlike the 2D Polyline, you cannot add arc segments, nor
can you manipulate line thicknesses.
NOTE: If you want to create a 3D polyline by joining existing
linear and/or non-linear segments, use the 3D Polyline option
of Join Polyline. See "Join Polyline" on page 243.
3D Polylines can be used in two other tools, 3D Fillet and
Pipe.
3D Spline by Control Points
Menu: Insert / 3D Object / 3D Spline / By Control Points
Creates a curve by selecting its control points, similar to the
related 2D function (see "Spline by Control Points" on page
170), but you can place line segments anywhere in 3D space.
The curve does not pass through the points (unlike a Bezier
curve), rather it uses them as a guide.
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Once created, you can use the Edit Tool to change the shape
of a spline and add knots. See "Editing Splines and Bezier
Curves" on page 227.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
3D Spline by Fit Points
3.
If you want to close the spline, choose Close from the
local menu instead of Finish. In this case, the spline
will no longer touch the first and last control points.
Creates a curve by selecting its control points, similar to the
related 2D function (see "Spline by Fit Points" on page 170),
but you can place line segments anywhere in 3D space. The
curve passes through the points (unlike a spline, which uses
control points as a guide).
1.
Select the control points in the desired order.
Once created, you can use the Edit Tool to change the shape
of a spline and add knots. See "Editing Splines and Bezier
Curves" on page 227.
Bolt
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only.
2.
After selecting the last point, select Finish from the
local menu or press Alt+F. You can also double-click
the last point.
NOTE: You can display the Special Tools toolbar by
right-clicking in any toolbar area and selecting Special Tools.
Creates a threaded bolt with a cylindrical, hexagonal, or
square head. Hexagonal and square heads are automatically
filleted.
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1.
Use the Inspector Bar or local menu to select the type
of bolt to be created: circular, hexagonal, or square
head.
2.
Select the center point of the bolt’s base (bottom of
threads). You can then specify dimensions using the
mouse or by entering them in the Inspector Bar fields.
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The bolt parameters are shown below:
Profile Objects
Profile objects are based on existing 2D objects. The original
2D profile remains unmodified by the 3D tool that references
it.
One advantage to profile objects is that you can change them
by simply editing the profile (or profiles) on which they are
based. See "Profile Editing" on page 429.
Compound Profiles
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
A compound profile is an open or closed chain of connected
curves or lines, or any set of closed curves or closed
polylines. You can use compound profiles when you do not
want to create a polyline, or convert a chain into a polyline.
Compound profiles can be used as paths for sweeps etc., and
as profiles that are swept along paths.
3.
After the last click, or after pressing Enter if you use
the Inspector Bar, the bolt is created. The three types
are shown below.
You can use blocks as compound profiles, however there are
restrictions. You can only only use one element in a block as
a path for any given operation. Also, only closed sequences
of curves, lines etc. (chains) or closed objects can be used to
sweep, revolve etc. All such closed objects in the block
selected to sweep, revolve, etc will used in the resulting 3D
object.
Prism
Creates a 3D object between two 2D objects that lie on
different planes. The planes do not have to be parallel.
Both profile objects must be the same type and must have the
same number of vertices. For example, you can create a
prism between two circles or two rectangles, but not between
a circle and a rectangle. Splines and Bezier curves must have
the same number of control points.
(If you want to use more than two profiles, or profiles of
different type, see "Lofting" on page 402.)
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
Prism with Compound Profiles
NOTE: A prism is considered to be a Lofting object, and its
Properties contain a Lofting Shape page. For details, see
"Lofting Shape Properties" on page 404.
1.
2.
If you want to select only simple (single-object)
curves, make sure Use Compound Profile is not
selected. If you want to use compound profiles, see
"Prism with Compound Profiles" on page 389.
A compound profile is an open or closed chain of connected
curves or lines. You can use compound profiles when you do
not want to create a polyline, or convert a chain into a
polyline.
1.
Make sure Use Compound Profile is selected.
2.
Select the first compound profile, which is
automatically identified as a chain. To deselect any
curve in the chain, select it again (it will turn green). In
this example, Profile 1 is a series of connected lines,
not a polyline.
3.
When the profile is selected, click Finish Selection of
Profile, or select it from the local menu.
4.
Select the second profile using the same steps.
Select the two 2D objects.
Polyline to polyline
Spline to spline
You do not have to select closed 2D objects. If you use open
objects, a 3D surface will result.
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5.
When you finish the second profile selection, the
prism is created.
NOTE: Compound profiles can be modified, which updates the
3D objects upon which they are based. See "Updating
Compound Profiles" on page 431.
4.
Select the 2D open or closed profile to extrude. Move
the mouse to extrude the profile, or enter a value in the
Height field of the Inspector Bar.
If you select an open profile, the resulting 3D object
will be a surface.
Simple Extrude
Creates a 3D object by extruding (sweeping) a 2D open or
closed profile along a path normal to the workplane of the 2D
object. If you extrude an open profile, a surface will be
created.
1.
If you want to select only a simple (single-object)
curve, make sure Use Compound Profile is not
selected.
2.
If you want to use a compound profile, which is a
series of connected lines and/or arcs, select Use
Compound Profile.
3.
If necessary, select Finish Selection of Profile to
continue.
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If you select Two Sided Extrude, the solid extrusion
will be created on either side of the profile.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
You can also select multiple closed regions, or profiles, to
extrude all at one time.
Solid Options: For these parameters to be accessible, the
extrude must be created as a solid. Available in TurboCAD
Pro and Platinum only.
Make sure Use Compound Profile is selected. Select the
first profile, then press Shift to select additional profiles.
Each profile is extruded the same distance.
• Draft Angle: Creates an extrusion of increasing or
decreasing cross-section. Enter the angle of deviation
from the extrusion path.
Extruding Multiple Profiles
If you select nested regions, you can create islands, and
regions within islands.
• Draft Start / End Distance: If Draft Angle = 0, you
can specify a draft angle by entering the offset
distances.
• Offset: Creates a hole in the extrusion at a distance
from the outside of the extrusion equal to the Offset
value.
NOTE: Compound profiles can be modified, which updates the
3D objects upon which they are based. See "Updating
Compound Profiles" on page 431.
For TC Surface Options, see "TC Surface Properties" on
page 372.
Simple Extrude Shape Properties
NOTE: Text can be used as part of a compound profile while
extruding.
The Properties window of an extrude object contains a
Simple Extrude Shape page, in which you can set
parameters defining how the object is created.
Twisted Extrude
Creates a 3D object by extruding (sweeping) a 2D open or
closed profile along a path normal to the workplane of the 2D
object and imparting a twist. If you extrude an open profile,
a surface will be created.
1.
• Height: The distance of the extrusion.
• Direction: Switch between one-sided and two-sided.
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If you want to select only a simple (single-object)
curve, make sure Use Compound Profile is not
selected.
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2.
If you want to use a compound profile, which is a
series of connected lines and/or arcs, select Use
Compound Profile.
3.
If necessary, select Finish Selection of Profile to
continue.
4.
Select the 2D open or closed profile to extrude. Move
the mouse to extrude the profile, or enter a value in the
Height field of the Inspector Bar.
Extruding Multiple Profiles
You can also select multiple closed regions, or profiles, to
extrude all at one time.
Make sure Use Compound Profile is selected. Select the
first profile, then press Shift to select additional profiles.
Each profile is extruded the same distance.
If you select nested regions, you can create islands, and
regions within islands.
If you select an open profile, the resultant object will
be a surface.
NOTE: Compound profiles can be modified, which updates the
3D objects upon which they are based. See "Updating
Compound Profiles" on page 431.
If you select Two Sided Extrude, the solid extrusion
will be created on either side of the profile.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
Twisted Extrude Shape Properties
The Properties window of an extrude object contains a
Twisted Extrude Shape page, in which you can set
parameters defining how the object is created.
• Offset: Creates a hole in the extrusion at a distance
from the outside of the extrusion equal to the Offset
value.
Twist Options:
• Twist Angle: Specifies the total rotation of the twist.
• Distance Type: Specifies where the twist will be
applied to the extrusion. Normal applies the extrude
between the Start and End distance. Full height applies
the twist to the entire extrusion. Twist to Top applies
the twist from the Start distance to the top of the
extrusion.
• Twist Start Distance: Where the twist starts along the
extrusion.
• Twist End Distance: Where the twist ends along the
extrusion.
• Continuity: Specifies the smoothness of the transition
between the straight sections and the twisted sections.
G0 is the most abrupt transition, G1 is a more moderate
transition, and G2 is the smoothest transition.
• Height: The distance of the extrusion.
• Direction: Switch between one-sided and two-sided.
For the following parameters to be accessible, the extrude
must be created as a solid. Available in TurboCAD Pro and
Platinum only.
For TC Surface Options, see "TC Surface Properties" on
page 372.
Quick Pull
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
• Draft Angle: Creates an extrusion of increasing or
decreasing cross-section. Enter the angle of deviation
from the extrusion path.
Pulls or pushes a 3D extension of a face by extruding 2D a
closed area on the face of a 3D object. The extrusion extends
along a path normal to the face of the 3D object.
The closed are must be coplanar with the Flat face of a 3D
object. It may consist of:
• Any closed 2D entity. E.g. a rectangle
• Any area that can be hatched by picking a point (with
zero gap tolerance)
• Draft Start / End Distance: If Draft Angle = 0, you
can specify a draft angle by entering the offset
distances.
• Areas enclosed by crossing coplanar, linear geometry,
including edges and geometry in blocks E.g.
intersecting lines that create a closure
• 3D faces. E.g. The face of a cube
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• Any combination of the above. Areas created by
geometry (including edges on faces) drawn coplanar to
any face of a 3D solid E.g. A circle is coplanar with the
face of a cube. It overlaps the edge of the cube. The
edge divides the circle into two parts, one is a valid
area, or intersecting lines that create a closure on the
face of a 3D object, with or without defining geometry
of the 3D entity.
1.
If you are specifying the height by using the height
field in the Inspector bar, press Enter to finish the
extrusion.
Select the 2D closed area to extrude.
Note: If the Two Sided property is set, the solid extrusion will
be created on either side of the profile.
2.
Move the mouse to extrude the face, or enter a value in
the Height field of the Inspector Bar.
Examples of areas that can be extruded:
3.
If you are specifying the height by using the mouse,
click to finish the extrusion.
Quick Pull Properties
Or
The Properties window of an Quick Pull object contains a
Simple Extrude Shape page, in which you can set parameters
defining how the object is created.
Height: The distance of the extrusion.
Direction: Switch between one-sided and two-sided.
Solid Options: For these parameters to be accessible, the
extrusion must be created as a solid. Available in TurboCAD
Pro and Platinum only.
• Draft Angle: Creates an extrusion of increasing or
decreasing cross-section. Enter the angle of deviation
from the extrusion path.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
• Draft Start / End Distance: If Draft Angle = 0, you
can specify a draft angle by entering the draft
distances.
3.
Select the first 2D profile. If the profile is open, select
Finish Selection of Path to end the selection. You can
then select more profiles if necessary, by pressing the
Shift key.
4.
Then select the 2D or 3D path over which you want to
sweep the 2D profiles. If the sweep path consists of
more than one curve, make sure Use Compound Path
is active. When finished, click Finish Selection of
Path.
• Offset: Creates a hole in the extrusion at a distance
from the outside of the extrusion equal to the Offset
value.
Note: The Quick Pull and the Simple Extrude tool use the
same Property Value Preset. Therefore, changing the
property settings in one tool will change the settings in the
other.
Sweep
Available in TurboCAD Pro, and Platinum Only
Creates a 3D object by driving a 2D profile along a path.
1.
2.
Start with one or more 2D profiles. The profiles can be
open or closed. Add a 2D or 3D path. Typically the
path intersects the profile and is approximately
perpendicular to it, but these conditions are not
required.
As stated before, the 2D profile and the sweep path do not
have to intersect. However, the results will vary depending
on how far apart the profiles are.
Consider this comparison, in which the profiles on the left
intersect and the profiles on the right do not.
Activate Sweep. If the profiles consist of compound
curves, make sure Use Compound Profile is active.
Here are the Sweep results: the solid on the right is swept
over the offset of the sweep path, and is therefore larger.
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Local menu options
Rigid Sweep: Use this option if you want the cross-sections
of the solid to remain parallel to the original swept profile.
This solid does not use Rigid Sweep; the cross-sections of
the solid are always normal to the sweep path.
This is the same solid using Rigid Sweep; the sections are
always parallel to one another, and to the original profile.
Use Loop as Path: When this option is on you can use the
Loop of a 3D object as a path. A loop is all of the edges
which enclose a single face of a 3D object You have to select
the 3D object first, then its face. You cannot use this option
with a compound profile. (Available in TurboCAD Platinum
Only)
If you view the Rigid Sweep from this angle, you can see
how the sections are parallel.
Use Edge as Path: When this option is on you can use the
edge of a 3D object as a path. You cannot use this option with
a compound profile. (Available in TurboCAD Platinum
Only)
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NOTE: If you are trying to sweep by using a block as the path,
you must have the Compound Path option turned on.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
Sweep Shape Properties
The Properties window of an sweep object contains a
Sweep Shape page, in which you can set geometric
parameters.
• Bend: Rounds the corners. If you don’t specify a
Minimum Radius, the rounding will be minimal.
If you want a larger rounding radius, specify a
Minimum Radius.
For these parameters to be accessible, the sweep must be
created as a solid. Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum
only.
Twist Angle: The angle by which the sweep is twisted along
the path.
• Crimp: Keeps internal corners sharp, performs a
minimal rounding on external corners.
Corners: Defines how the joints of multi-segmented
extrusions will be formed.
• Default: Sharp corners.
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Draft Angle: Creates an extrusion of increasing or
decreasing cross-section. Enter the angle of deviation from
the extrusion path.
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Draft Start / End Distance: If Draft Angle = 0, you can
specify a draft angle by entering the offset distances.
4.
Select the first 2D profile. If the profile is open, select
Finish Selection of Path to end the selection. You can
then select more profiles if necessary, by pressing the
Shift key.
5.
If you are using a Compound profile for the profile you
must specify the base point to be used. at this step.
Select the point you created for this purpose.
6.
Then select the sweep path. If the sweep path consists
of more than one curve, make sure Use Compound
Profile is active.
7.
The profile is brought to the path (at the base point if
one is being used) and swept along it, normal to the
path. The profile intersects the path at its reference
point (see "Changing the Reference Point" on page
199).
Sweep does not allow you to create a TC Surface.
Rail Sweep
Available in TurboCAD Pro, Platinum and Deluxe Only
Creates a 3D object by driving a 2D profile along a path. The
profile and path do not have to touch or be in different
workplanes; the profile section will be “brought” to the start
of the path, made normal to the path, and swept along it.
If you are going to use Compound profiles for both the path
and the profile you will need a base point. The base point
specifies the point though which the profile will follow the
path. To create a base point, use the Point tool and place a
point at the location adjacent to the profile that you wish to
be used. For example, at the end of a line, or at the center of
an arc or circle.
1.
Start with one 2D profile. The profile can be open or
closed. Add a 2D or 3D path. The path can lie
anywhere, and in any workplane. In this example,
profile and path lie in the same workplane.
2.
Activate Rail Sweep.
3.
If the profiles consist of compound curves, make sure
Use Compound Profile is active.
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This tool is handy if you have a single profile that you want
to sweep over multiple paths, or rails. In this example, there
are three paths for the same profile:
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
Here are the results:
Also see "Sweep Shape Properties" on page 397.
Revolve
Creates a 3D object by revolving a 2D object about a
revolution axis.
By default, the profile will be revolved 360 degrees, but you
can change this angle or create a spiral. See "Revolution
Shape Properties" on page 401.
If you used a Compound profile for the profile, you will be
able to modify the resulting 3D object by modifying the
original profile object, or by moving the base point object. If
you used a Compound profile for the path, you will be able
to modify the resulting 3D object by modifying the original
path object/s.
The sweep path does not have to be 2D. The path in this
example was created using 3D Spline by Fit Points.
1.
If you want to select only a simple (single-object)
curve, make sure Use Compound Profile is not
selected. If you want to use a compound profile, see
"Revolve with Compound Profiles" on page 400.
2.
If you want to select a line as the axis of revolution,
make sure Select Revolve Axis is active.
3.
Select a 2D object to revolve.
This is the result:
Local menu option
Rigid Sweep: Keeps cross-sections of the solid parallel to
one another along the entire path. See explanation under
"Sweep" on page 395.
Compound Profiles as Paths
To use a compound profile as a path
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4.
Select two points of a revolution axis, or, if Select
Revolve Axis is active, select the axis line..
The revolved shape is created.
You do not have to select a closed 2D object to revolve. If
you use an open object, a 3D surface will result.
1.
Make sure Use Compound Profile is selected.
2.
Select the compound profile, which is automatically
identified as a chain. To deselect any curve in the
chain, select it again (it will turn green). In this
example, the profile is a series of connected lines, not
a polyline.
3.
You can select more profiles if necessary. When the
profiles are selected, click Finish Selection of Profile,
or select it from the local menu.
4.
Select two points of a revolution axis, or, if Select
Revolve Axis is active, select the axis line.
The revolved shape is created.
NOTE: Compound profiles can be modified, which updates the
3D objects upon which they are based. See "Updating
Compound Profiles" on page 431.
Revolve with Compound Profiles
A compound profile is an open or closed chain of connected
curves. You can use compound profiles when you do not
want to create a polyline, or convert a chain into a polyline.
400
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
Revolution Shape Properties
The Properties window of a revolve contains a Revolution
Shape page, in which you can set geometric parameters.
Spiral pitch: The lateral distance between the start and end
of the revolve, enabling you to create a spiral. The angle of
rotation must be 360.
Number of coils: If Spiral pitch is nonzero, you can specify
the total number of revolutions.
For the Solid parameters to be accessible, the revolve must
be created as a solid. In the 3D page of the Properties
window, make sure Solid is selected under Create Object
As.
Spiral: The revolution will proceed outward in a spiral
pattern.
Clockwise / Counterclockwise: Sets the direction of
revolution. The direction depends on how the revolution axis
was selected.
For TC Surface Options, see "TC Surface Properties" on
page 372.
Taper Angle: The revolution will have a draft angle, with
the section increasing or decreasing at it progresses.
The remaining parameters (Common Options) appear for
both surface and solid objects.
Angle of rotation: Enter a value less than 360 for a partial
revolve.
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Lofting
To create corners, you can creates two separate lofts.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Creates a 3D object by connecting 2D profiles. The profiles
lie on different planes, and the planes do not have to be
parallel. The profiles are connected using NURBS
(Non-Uniform Rational b-Spline) calculations.
The profiles can be closed or open, but they must be
consistent - all open or all closed.
1.
If you want to select only simple (single-object)
curves, make sure Use Compound Profile is not
selected. If you want to use compound profiles, see
"Lofting with Compound Profiles" on page 402.
2.
Select the profiles, in the desired order. Selection order
is important
3.
Select Finish from the local menu, or double-click on
the last profile, to create the loft.
If you use open profiles, a 3D surface will result.
Lofting with Compound Profiles
A compound profile is an open or closed chain of connected
curves. You can use compound profiles when you do not
want to create a polyline, or convert a chain into a polyline.
1.
Make sure Use Compound Profile is selected.
The loft has no sharp corners at the profiles.
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Chapter 10 Working in 3D
2.
3.
Select the compound profile, which is automatically
identified as a chain. To deselect any curve in the
chain, select it again (it will turn green). In this
example, Profile 1 is a series of connected lines, not a
polyline.
When the profile is selected, click Finish Selection of
Profile, or select it from the local menu.
4.
Select the next profiles using the same steps. If
subsequent profiles are simple (not compound), you
can turn off Use Compound Profile.
5.
When the last profile is selected, click Finish or select
it from the local menu.
Lofting with Guide Lines
You can specify guides lines when creating the loft object. In
this example, the lower circle and upper square are the loft
profiles. The four curves between the profiles are guide lines.
1.
Activate Loft, and select the loft profiles in the desired
order.
2.
Click Select Guide Lines, or select it from the local
menu.
3.
Select each of the guide lines.
NOTE: Compound profiles can be modified, which updates the
3D objects upon which they are based. See "Updating
Compound Profiles" on page 431.
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4.
Click Finish or select it from the local menu. The 3D
object transitions between the loft profiles, following
each of the guide lines.
Minimize twist: The lengths of segments between profiles
will be minimized. (Available only if the object is created as
a solid. In the 3D page of the Properties window, make sure
Solid is selected under Create Object As.)
Guide Lines
Guide lines can be arcs, 2D or 3D Splines or lines. Beziers,
and polyline cannot be used as guide lines. Guide line must
touch every profile used in the loft. One end of each guide
line must terminate on the first profile used in the loft The
other end of that guide line must terminate on the last profile
used in the loft. If guide lines do not meet these requirements
they will be ignored.
Effect of Minimize Twist
For TC Surface Options, see "TC Surface Properties" on
page 372.
Branched Lofting
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Lofting Shape Properties
The Properties window of a loft contains a Lofting Shape
page, in which you can minimize twist.
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Creates a lofting object by defining profiles along a trunk,
and profiles along two or more branches. The profiles lie on
different planes, and the planes do not have to be parallel.
The result is one 3D object.
1.
Select the profiles that define the trunk. The branching
will start at the last profile of the trunk.
2.
Select Finish selection of trunk from the local menu
or Inspector Bar.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
3.
Select the profiles that define the first branch, starting
at the profile closest to the end of the trunk.
6.
When all branches are defined, select Finish. The
lofting object is created.
4.
Select Finish selection of branch.
Face2Face Lofting
5.
Select profiles for additional branches the same way.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Creates a 3D lofting object between two faces of existing 3D
objects. The result is one 3D object.
1.
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Select the first face, in this example, the top of the
cylinder. Selection order is important.
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2.
Select the second face, in this case, the sloped face of
the wedge.
3.
The result is a loft object that proceeds smoothly
between the two faces. The two original objects and
the new loft object are now merged into one object.
1.
Select the face of a 3D object.
2.
Select the 3D object to be the target of the extrusion.
3.
The result is a new 3D object.
The resulting object takes the properties (such as Pen) of the
object where you selected the first face.
Extrude to Face
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Extends a 3D object by extruding selected faces to a selected
3D object and performing a boolean.
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Chapter 10 Working in 3D
If the boolean option is set to Subtract, the extrusion will be
subtracted from the target body, and the original 3D object
from which the extrusion was made will be removed.
3.
You will have a multiple extension.
There are some limitations that must be respected to create
valid results:
You can extrude multiple faces at one time, but you can
extrude to only a single 3D object.
• Resulting extrusions must intersect the target body
when extended, or the operation will be invalid.
1.
Hold down the SHIFT key to select multiple faces.
• You cannot extrude adjacent faces.
Adjacent faces are extended along with the extrusion
face. Adjacent curved faces and adjacent slanted faces
will continue their curve or slant when the selected
face it extruded
2.
Release the SHIFT key and select the target object.
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• You can extend to ACIS surfaces, but only if the target
body completely intersects the resulting extrusion.
2.
Press the DELETE key.
Profile Along Path
Available in TurboCAD Pro, and Platinum Only
Places a 2D profile along a 2D or 3D path.
• You cannot extrude a face to the same 3D object that
the extrusion face belongs to.
1.
Select the profile you want to project, then select a
point on the path where you want the projection.
2.
Click more points where you want profile projections.
When extruding to a ACIS surface you can remove the
remnant “excess” of the target surface using the Facet Edit
tool.
1.
Select the facet.
If you rotate the model, you can see the profiles in 3D.
3.
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Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar to
exit the function.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
Local menu options:
If you rotate the model, you can see the profiles in 3D.
Make Copy Profile: Use this profile to make multiple
copies along the path. When unselected, you can Finish or
select another profile.
3.
One Step Back: Removes profiles in the reverse order in
which they were created on the path.
Unselect Profile: Unselects the current profile, enabling you
to select another one.
Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar to
exit the function.
Local menu options:
Sets: Specifies a number of copies of the object that will be
placed from the insertion point onward. The space between
the insertions will be equal to the value in the Distance field.
Distance: Set the distance between the multiple insertions
specified by the Sets field.
Delete Original: Deleted the original object.
Graphic Along Path
Available in TurboCAD Pro, and Platinum Only
Places a 2D profile or 3D object along a 2D or 3D path.
1.
2.
Select the profile or object you want to project, then
select a point on the path where you want the
projection.
Flip Original: Flips the inserted objects, creating a mirror of
the original.
Set Graphic on Path Start Point: Sets the insertion at the
start point of the path.
Set Graphic on Path End Point: Sets the insertion at the
end point of the path. Sets will be ignored if this setting is on.
Creating 3D Objects by Editing 2D
Objects
An easy way to create a 3D object is to give depth to a 2D
object. This is done by opening the Properties window of a
2D object (see "Object Properties" on page 79) to the 3D
page, and entering a thickness.
Click more points where you want profile projections.
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Intersection and Projection
These two tool create curves, one by finding the intersection
of two solid objects, and the other by projecting a 2D object
onto a 3D solid.
Intersection
Creates curves along the intersection of two solids (not
surfaces). This tool does not work with surface objects.
Select the first and second solid objects. This example shows
a sphere and a hemisphere.
For closed 2D objects, a solid will result. You can use the
Properties window to create a surface object instead. See
"3D Properties" on page 371.
The intersection curves are created.
For an open 2D object, a surface will result.
Projection
Projects a 2D curve onto a solid (not surface) face. The 2D
curve can be open or closed.
NOTE: The original profile can be edited (Select Edit or Edit
Tool) just like any 2D object. Whatever changes you make,
the thickness will remain unchanged (unless you change it).
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This example shows a 2D polyline and a Simple Extrude
generated from a line-segmented polyline. First select the 2D
curve. Then select the face. Even though the Simple
Extrude is one object, its faces are still considered separate
for this tool.
In this view, the projection can be seen more clearly.
If you are projecting onto a curved face, the projection will
be scaled toward the center of the curved face.
NOTE: Even when you are projecting onto a surface such as
this one, the object type must be a solid, as set in the 3D page
of the object’s Properties.
The projection curves are created. For a planar face, the
curves can be placed on the face’s theoretical extension.
Patterns
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
Patterns are arrays of Solid ACIS 3D objects copied in
specific arrangements, and controlled parametrically.
Patterns are solid object and they and/or their elements can
be manipulated by 3D tools, like Bend, and patterns can be
Booleaned with other 3D objects. There are five pattern
tools: Array, On curve, Radial, Spherical, Cylindrical.
Array Pattern
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
Creates a rectilinear array composed of columns, rows and
levels.
1.
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Select the Array Pattern tool.
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2.
In the Inspector bar set the Number of columns, rows
and levels.
3.
Select a 3D solid.
4.
Click to specify the origin of the array.
5.
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6.
Move the cursor and click to set the Y axis of the array.
7.
Move the cursor and click to set the Z axis of the array.
Move the cursor and click to set the X axis of the array.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
The array is created.
Fit Pattern: If this option is on the axis lengths will define
the total length between the centers of the outermost
elements in the array along each axis. In other words “fit”
within the lengths. If the option is off the axis lengths specify
the distance between centers of adjacent objects.
Rectangular Base: Forces the the Y-axis to be 90 degrees to
the X-axis
Hexagonal: Creates a hexagonal grid array. If this option is
on you will only be allowed to enter an X-axis, unless you
use the By Entity setting.
NOTE: Array Properties are available only through the
Selection Info Palette..
Array Properties:
The properties available will vary depending upon how you
created your pattern.
The axis values set the distance from center to center of the
source object.
WARNING: You must have at least two rows to have more
than one levels in this array. Reducing rows to one will
eliminate the level option until more rows are added.
Fit: If on he array will be fit within the specified axes
lengths. Otherwise the axis lengths specify the distance
between the centers of objects.
Cols: Sets the number of columns
Rows: Sets the number of rows
Levels: Sets the number of levels.
Local menu options:
X-axis Length: Sets the X axis length.
Create Association: Creates an association between the
pattern and the destination object. If subsequently the
destination object is edited the pattern will update to reflect
the changes made. The Leave Destination and By Entity
options must be active for associations to be available.
Y-Axis Length: Sets the Y axis length.
Height: Sets the Z axis length.
Pattern by Curve
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
Leave Source: If this option is on the original 3D object
(source) will remain. If it is off the object will be deleted.
Leave Destination: If this option is on the 3D object used as
for By Entity will remain. If it is off the object will be
deleted.
By Entity: If this option is on you can select an existing box
to set the axis size of the array. With this option on you select
the box instead of specifying the origin and axis values. The
axis values will be the axis values of the box.
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Creates an array of objects along an existing curve. Beziers
can be used as the curve, so can 2D or 3D splines. Polylines,
circles, arcs and lines cannot be used.
1.
Select the Pattern by Curve tool.
2.
In the Inspector bar specify the number of Sets, then
press Enter.
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3.
Select a 3D solid.
Fit: If on he array will be fit within the specified axes
lengths. Otherwise the axis lengths specify the distance
between the centers of objects.
Count of Elements: Sets the number of items in the pattern.
Non Rotate: If this option is selected the tool creates the
designated pattern but the arrayed objects retain the
orientation of the source object and are not rotated at each
position.
Pattern by Polyline
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
4.
Click on a curve to finish the pattern.
Creates an array of objects along and 2D or 3D polyline.
1.
Select the Pattern by Polyline tool.
2.
In the Inspector bar specify the number of Sets, then
press Enter.
3.
Select a 3D solid.
Local menu options:
Create Association: Creates an association between the
pattern and the destination object. If subsequently the
destination object is edited the pattern will update to reflect
the changes made. The Leave Destination option must be
active for association to be available.
Leave Source: If this option is on the original 3D object
(source) will remain. If it is off the object will be deleted.
Leave Destination: If this option is on the curve will remain.
If it is off the curve will be deleted.
Non Rotate: If this option is selected the tool creates the
designated pattern but the arrayed objects retain the
orientation of the source object and are not rotated at each
position.
Array Properties:
The properties available will vary depending upon how you
created your pattern.
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Chapter 10 Working in 3D
4.
Click on a polyline to finish the pattern.
Radial Pattern
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
Creates a variety of radial array patterns.
1.
Select the Radial Pattern tool.
2.
Select a 3D solid.
3.
Click to set the center of radial pattern.
Local menu options:
Create Association: Creates an association between the
pattern and the destination object. If subsequently the
destination object is edited the pattern will update to reflect
the changes made. The Leave Destination option must be
active for association to be available.
Leave Source: If this option is on the original 3D object
(source) will remain. If it is off the object will be deleted.
Leave Destination: If this option is on the curve will remain.
If it is off the curve will be deleted.
Non Rotate: If this option is selected the tool creates the
designated pattern but the arrayed objects retain the
orientation of the source object and are not rotated at each
position.
Array Properties:
The properties available will vary depending upon how you
created your pattern.
Fit: If on he array will be fit within the specified axes
lengths. Otherwise the axis lengths specify the distance
between the centers of objects.
Count of Elements: Sets the number of items in the pattern.
Non Rotate: If this option is selected the tool creates the
designated pattern but the arrayed objects retain the
orientation of the source object and are not rotated at each
position.
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4.
Click to set the radius of the pattern.
By Entity: If this option is on you can select an existing
circle or an arc or a circular curve on a 3D object to set the
size of the array. With this option on you select the circle
instead of specifying the center and radius values.
Elliptical Pattern: If this option is selected the tool creates
a circular pattern. The number of rings is ignored. This is the
default option.
Polar Grid Pattern: If this option is selected the tool creates
a polar grid pattern, similar to the polar longitude lines on a
globe. The angular number is ignored.
Radial Pattern: If this option is selected the tool creates a
radial pattern, similar to the spokes of a wheel.
Non-Rotate: If this option is selected the tool creates the
designated pattern but the arrayed objects retain the
orientation of the source object and are not rotated at each
position. This option is not available for if Polar Grid is
selected.
Fit Pattern: If this option is on the radius will define the
total distance between the center of the outermost elements
in the array and the center of the array. In other words “fit”
within the radius. If the option is off the radius specifies the
distance between centers of adjacent rings. This option is not
available for elliptical patterns.
Local menu options:
Create Association: Creates an association between the
pattern and the destination object. If subsequently the
destination object is edited the pattern will update to reflect
the changes made. The Leave Destination and By Entity
options must be active for associations to be available.
Leave Source: If this option is on the original 3D object
(source) will remain. If it is off the object will be deleted.
Leave Destination: If this option is on the 3D object used as
for By Entity will remain. If it is off the object will be
deleted.
Hex Symmetry: If this option is on the resulting Polar grid
pattern will use a hexagonal arrangement for the spokes
instead of a quadrant arrangement. This option is only
available if Polar grid is selected..
On Arc: If this option is selected the tool will prompt you to
specify the desired arc after you specify the radius. The arc
is specified by selecting two points in sequence. This option
will be ignored if By Entity is selected.
Array Properties:
The properties available will vary depending upon how you
created your pattern.
Fit: If this option is on the array will be fit within the
specified axes lengths. Otherwise the axis lengths specify the
distance between the centers of objects.
Count of Elements: Sets the number of items in the pattern.
Start Angle: Sets the angle at which the pattern starts.
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Chapter 10 Working in 3D
End Angle: Sets the angel at which the pattern ends.
3.
Select a 3D solid.
4.
Click to set the center of radial pattern.
5.
Click to set the radius of the pattern.
Non-Rotate: If this option is selected the tool creates the
designated pattern but the arrayed objects retain the
orientation of the source object and are not rotated at each
position. This option is not available for if Polar Grid is
selected.
Fit Pattern: If this option is on the radius will define the
total distance between the center of the outermost elements
in the array and the center of the array. In other words “fit”
within the radius. If the option is off the radius specifies the
distance between centers of adjacent rings. This option is not
available for elliptical patterns.
Hex Symmetry: If this option is on the resulting Polar grid
pattern will use a hexagonal arrangement for the spokes
instead of a quadrant arrangement. This option is only
available if Polar grid is selected..
Radius: Sets the radius for the pattern.
Array Properties:
The properties available will vary depending upon how you
created your pattern.
Count of Latitudes: Sets the number of latitudes in the
pattern.
Radius: Sets the radius for the pattern.
Spherical Pattern
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
1.
Select the Spherical Pattern tool.
2.
In the Inspector bar set the Number of latitudes.
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2.
Select a 3D solid.
3.
Click to set the center of radial pattern.
4.
Click to set the radius of the pattern.
Create Association: Creates an association between the
pattern and the destination object. If subsequently the
destination object is edited the pattern will update to reflect
the changes made. The Leave Destination and By Entity
options must be active for associations to be available.
Leave Source: If this option is on the original 3D object
(source) will remain. If it is off the object will be deleted.
Leave Destination: If this option is on the 3D object used as
for By Entity will remain. If it is off the object will be
deleted.
Cylindrical Pattern
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
1.
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Select the Cylindrical Pattern tool.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 10 Working in 3D
5.
Click to set the height of the pattern.
Fit Pattern: If this option is on the height will define the
total distance between the top and bottom of the array. In
other words “fit” within the height. If the option is off the
height specifies the distance between each of the axial sets.
Hexagonal: Creates a hexagonal alternating cylindrical
array.
Radius: Sets the radius for the pattern.
Snaps and Dimensions in 3D
The following snaps work with 3D objects: Nearest on
Facet and Center of Extents. Other snaps work in 3D, but
are projected onto the current workplane.
Therefore, to apply a dimension to a 3D object, you must set
the workplane to the plane where you want the dimension to
appear. In other words, you can display projected
measurements in 3D.
For ACIS solid objects (TurboCAD Pro only), you can apply
Radius and Diameter dimensions to arc-based objects. You
must turn on Degenerative Faceting in the ACIS page
(Options/ACIS). These dimensions are non-associative.
Examining the 3D Model
Once the model contains one or more 3D objects, there are
several ways to change the way you see the model.
The Camera
Local menu options:
Leave Source: If this option is on the original 3D object
(source) will remain. If it is off the object will be deleted.
Create Association: Creates an association between the
pattern and the destination object. If subsequently the
destination object is edited the pattern will update to reflect
the changes made. The Leave Destination and By Entity
options must be active for associations to be available.
Leave Destination: If this option is on the 3D object used as
for By Entity will remain. If it is off the object will be
deleted.
By Entity: If this option is on you can select an existing
circle or an arc or a circular curve on a 3D object to set the
size of the array. With this option on you select the circle
instead of specifying the center and radius values.
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In 3D space, you can view a model from any point.
TurboCAD uses the concept of a “camera” - the camera
represents your eye as you view the current scene. You can
easily use the standard orthogonal and isometric views (see
"Standard Views" on page 361), but camera tools enable you
to view from any angle.
The current model view contains a default camera, placed at
the center of the screen, facing into the model.
NOTE: While “camera” means the perspective of the current
view, “camera object” is something different. Camera objects
are created to save and display multiple views, or views with
specific parameters. See "Camera Objects" on page 422.
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Camera Properties
Controls the position and target of the camera, as well as
rendering controls. For the rendering properties, see "Render
(Camera) Properties" on page 497.
• View Angle: The degree of perspective
foreshortening. The view gets wider as the setting gets
larger.
Standard view and perspective view
Position: The physical location of the camera.
• Drawing Center: Assigns the target point coordinates
as the drawing center. The drawing center is always the
geometric center of all the objects in the drawing.
NOTE: You can also access this view by selecting View /
Camera / Look to Drawing Center.
Camera Centered: Enables the camera to turn around its
own center when you use the Camera Turn tools (see
"Camera Movements" on page 421). When not checked, the
camera will turn around the Target Point.
Scroll Speed: The speed of the camera movement.
Perspective View: The visual effect of a perspective
projection is similar to that of photographic systems and of
the human visual system. The size of the perspective
projection of an object varies inversely with the distance of
that object from the center of projection.
NOTE: When using Perspective View, objects cannot be
located or moved beyond the horizon. Select Display
Horizon to display the horizon, in order to better orient
yourself to the space.
Target Point: The point that the camera faces.
• Drawing Center: Moves the camera to the current
drawing center.
The UP Vector: Indicates which way is up for the camera. A
positive Z value rotates the camera up; a negative Z value
rotates the camera down.
Graphic in Front of Camera: Select the object closest to
the desired view center, and the target point is attached to that
object.
NOTE: You can also access this view by selecting View /
Camera / Look to in Front Graphic.
Auto Targeting: Sets the center of rotation on the object
closest to the center of the screen (the default camera
position). This is relevant when moving objects using the
keyboard and mouse (such as Shift + right mouse button).
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Camera Movements
Examine
Incremental controls for adjusting the camera, and therefore
your view of the model. As the camera moves through space,
the visible objects will seem to move in the opposite
direction of the camera motion.
Hotkey: Ctrl + Right mouse button
These commands can be accessed via the Camera toolbar.
Views the model from different angles. Drag the mouse to
the right to see the left side of the object. Drag downward to
see the top of the object.
You can also display the Camera Tools toolbar by
right-clicking in any toolbar area and selecting Camera
Tools.
Slide
Hotkey: Ctrl + Shift + Right mouse button
Camera Turn Up: Turns the camera up.
Camera Turn Down: Turns the camera down.
Camera Turn Right: Turns the camera to the right.
Camera Turn Left: Turns the camera to the left.
Camera Rotate Right: Rolls the camera clockwise.
Camera Rotate Left: Rolls the camera counter-clockwise.
Camera Up: Moves the camera up.
Camera Down: Moves the camera down.
Camera Right: Moves the camera to the right.
Camera Left: Moves the camera to the left.
Walk Through Tools
Dynamic (moving) controls for moving the camera.
Moves the camera along a plane parallel to the screen. You
can move the camera up, down, left or right, but not forward
or backward. Drag the mouse straight up to move the
viewpoint upward, drag to the left to move it left. If you drag
the mouse along an angle, the viewpoint will move along the
corresponding angle. It's important to remember that the
camera will move in the same direction as the cursor, which
means that the Model Space will appear to move in the
opposite direction.
Roll
Hotkey: Shift + Right mouse button or Ctrl with the arrow
keys.
These commands can be accessed through the Walk
Through toolbar.
You can display the Walk Through toolbar by right-clicking
in any toolbar area and selecting Walk Through.
Rotates the camera around the axis that passes through the
camera. This tool will rotate the viewpoint either clockwise
or counterclockwise. Drag the mouse to the left to rotate the
viewpoint clockwise; drag to the right to rotate
counterclockwise.
Vertical movement of the mouse will behave identically to
the Walk control.
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Walk
Simulates walking around on the current plane. This is a
handy way to walk through a 3D house model, for example.
Positions the camera on the current horizontal plane, also
known as the viewplane. Moving the mouse forward or
backward moves the viewpoint in the corresponding
direction.
Left or right movement turns the camera in the
corresponding direction. To move the viewpoint forward,
drag the cursor toward the top of the screen. To move
backward, drag toward the bottom of the screen. If you drag
diagonally upward toward the left or right, the viewpoint will
move forward at an angle; if you drag diagonally downward
to the left or right, the viewpoint will move backward at
an angle.
Rotates the camera around its center. This changes the angle
of the viewpoint without relocating the camera. The
viewpoint angle can be changed upward or downward. The
viewpoint angle can be also be changed to the left or right.
To turn the viewpoint right, drag the mouse to the right of the
screen. To turn downward, drag toward the bottom of the
screen. As with Slide, the viewpoint will move in the same
direction as the cursor. This will have the effect of moving
the view of the model on the screen in the opposite direction
of the cursor motion.
Local Menu Options
While using the Walk Through controls, there are several
options available on the local menu and Inspector Bar.
Undo Move: Returns the view to the position in which the
current mode was invoked.
Straighten: Returns the view to a level orientation.
NOTE: This tool will move forward or backward only when the
Perspective View option is checked on the Camera page of
the Camera Properties.
Discrete Movement: Limits camera motion. When on, the
camera will only move when the mouse is moving.
Turn
Continuous Movement: Allows the camera to move as
long as the left mouse button is held down. The camera
movement will be in the direction the mouse was dragged.
This is the default option.
Camera properties: Opens the Camera Properties
window. See "Camera Properties" on page 420
Camera Objects
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
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Camera objects are used to create and save views with
specific parameters. The view for each camera object can be
displayed in a separate window. Each new camera is
assigned a name by default (Camera 1, Camera 2, etc.) but
this name can be changed.
You can display the Camera toolbar by right-clicking in any
toolbar area and selecting Camera.
Camera Object Parallel to View
Inserts the camera on a plane parallel to the current model
view. The first point places the camera, and the second point
defines its direction.
Camera By 2 Points
The difference between camera objects and saved views (see
"Saving Views" on page 102) is that saved views do not open
in separate windows, and do not include any additional
parameters, such as render mode.
Camera indicators show you the location and orientation of
the camera. Indicator visibility can be controlled in the
Camera Options window (View / Cameras).
Inserts the camera by picking two points. The first point
places the camera and the second point defines its direction.
Camera Object Views
NOTE: You can also create and manipulate camera objects,
and group cameras into camera sets, via the Design Director.
See "Design Director: Cameras" on page 131.
Camera Object by View
Inserts the camera at the center of the view, so that the
camera view is the same as the current model view. The
properties of this camera are those of the default camera
representing the current view, described in the Camera page
of the Camera Properties (see "Camera Properties" on page
420).
The camera object itself is not visible in the current window,
and a separate view window will not be created, since you
are already looking at the camera view.
Camera Object Normal to View
Inserts the camera perpendicular to the current model view.
The camera will face the same way as Camera by View, but
can be placed anywhere.
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To display the view seen by the camera object, you can create
a separate view window. To create a view window, click the
icon for the relevant camera. The icon is used to show
or hide the camera indicator.
You can also use this dialog to edit and delete camera
objects.
Select: Selects the highlighted camera in the drawing. This
option is useful when the drawing is large, and you are
unable to find the camera in the screen.
Show All: Makes all camera objects visible.
Hide All: Hide all camera objects.
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To display all view windows, select Window / Cascade or
Window / Tile.
Camera Object Properties
To access the camera object Properties, double-click a
camera object .
If you change the direction of a camera in one window, the
views in any attached windows will update accordingly. If
you use other view controls in an attached window, the
camera position will be changed.
Visible - Check this box to display the camera object
indicator in the view window.
Attached / Detached - Check this box to create a new
drawing window containing the camera view. Updates to the
camera will update the view. Unchecking the box will
disconnect the window from the view, so that updates to the
camera will not affect the view.
Camera Sets
A camera set is a group of cameras, which can be handy if
you want to set rendering, perspective, and visibility
parameters for multiple cameras. Camera sets are created
and manipulated in the Design Director. See "Design
Director: Cameras" on page 131.
QuickTime Movies
If the model is rendered by LightWorks, you can export the
scene to a QuickTime movie format. This format does not
create an actual animated movie, rather it exports to a format
in which you can rotate and view objects from different
angles.
The QuickTime player can be downloaded for free from
www.apple.com.
There are two types of QuickTime movies:
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• Panoramic: Constructed from a series of images
taken from a fixed viewpoint. You can rotate around
the viewpoint and look in all directions.
1.
Create the 3D model and view it in Perspective mode.
2.
Create either the Panoramic or Object movie. You are
asked for a file name, and you are notified when the
movie is created.
3.
Play the movie using the QuickTime Viewer. With
either movie type, you can pan or rotate the scene by
holding the left mouse button and moving the mouse.
• Object: Constructed from a series of images taken
from different angles. You can rotate the objects in any
direction, to view all sides.
Before you can create a movie, the scene must be in
Perspective mode, which is set in the Camera Properties
(View / Camera / Properties).
Also, the LightWorks rendering must be one of the following
modes:
• Flat (Draft rendering)
• Gouraud (Draft rendering)
• Phong (Draft rendering)
• Preview (Quality rendering)
• Full (Quality rendering)
See "Render (Camera) Properties" on page 497.
Creating a Movie
Panoramic QT Movie
Create Object QT Movie
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Movie Setup
Fixed Lights: As the camera moves around an object, the
lights will stay fixed relative to the camera. This gives the
effect that the camera is static and the object is rotating,
which may look more natural in some cases.
Opens the QuickTime Movie Setup window.
NOTE: Object movie files contain a large number of frames,
and can therefore take a long time to create. With the default
values of 36 pan frames and 19 tilt frames, 684 frames will be
created.
Panoramic Movie properties
Initial Zoom: Defined by a value between 0 and 100.
Slit Number: The number of individual images that should
be rendered. The default value should be used for all but
advanced users; setting this value too low could result in
distortion, and setting it too high can result in minimal
quality gain.
To display the lower section of the window, click the More
button.
Movie Copyright and General Movie Info: Identifying
information about the movie.
Object Movie properties
Pan Min, Pan Max: Limits of horizontal pan position, in
degrees.
Width Scale: Movie width will be set as follows:
Movie width = (Width Scale)* (Width / 2) - Width. When
you increase the movie width, be aware that rendering time
and movie file size also increases.
Width, Height: The dimensions of the movie viewing
window.
Initial Pan: The starting horizontal angle, in degrees, for
when the movie is first opened.
Pan Frames: The number of frames to generate between the
Pan Min and Pan Max positions. With the default value of
36, frames are rendered every 10 degrees.
Tilt Min, Tilt Max: Limits of vertical pan position, in
degrees.
Initial Tilt: The starting vertical tilt angle, in degrees, for
when the movie is first opened.
Tilt Frames: The number of frames to generate between the
Tilt Min and Tilt Max positions. With the default value of
19, frames are rendered every 10 degrees.
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11 Editing in 3D
This section covers ways to change 3D object geometry,
including node editing and Boolean and blending operations.
You can use most 3D editing tools (and all 3D object tools)
in both wireframe and render modes (in TurboCAD Pro
only). See "Creating and Editing Objects in Render Mode"
on page 496.
nodes cannot be added or deleted from objects themselves
(though they can be added or deleted while node editing
profiles).
Modifying Object Geometry
As with 2D geometry, there are several ways to modify the
geometry of an object. Node editing (Edit Tool) can be used
on an object itself, or on the profile used to create an object.
(A profile can also be moved, rotated, or scaled in Select
Edit mode.)
Objects in 3D can be moved, scaled, copied, and rotated in
Select Edit mode (see "Select Edit" on page 198), in the
same way as for 2D objects. The 3D Selector must be active
for work in 3D (see "2D / 3D Selector" on page 181). In 3D
Select Edit, you can move in 3 dimensions and rotate about
3 axes.
While node editing is limited, if possible at all, for most 3D
solids, you can node edit an exploded surface object.
You can change a solid object to a TurboCAD (non-ACIS)
surface object via the 3D page of its Properties window.
Explode the surface so that it can be node edited.
TIP: You can explode a solid object twice to turn it into an
exploded (node editable) surface object.
Solids are only available in TurboCAD Pro.
Edit Tool in 3D
Editing Nodes of Exploded Surfaces
Most 3D objects do not have nodes to edit. The exceptions
are Box, Cone, Sphere, Hemisphere, Revolve, and
Extrude. These objects have limited nodes that can be used
only for scaling and orientation. These nodes are lost once
Boolean operations are performed.
This example uses a basic cone. If it was created as a solid,
and you try to node edit it, you will see that it cannot be
selected.
Editing nodes of 3D objects works the same way as for 2D
objects (See "Edit Tool" on page 219). The main difference
is that nodes can be moved anywhere in 3D space. Also, 3D
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1.
Select the cone and open its Properties (see "Object
Properties" on page 79). On the 3D page, select TC
Surface.
NOTE: You also could have exploded the original solid object
twice to obtain an exploded (node editable) surface.
4.
Drag individual nodes to change the shape of the cone.
The cone is now comprised of surfaces, but it still
cannot be node edited.
You can also drag a group of nodes simultaneously. Use a
selection window to select the desired group of nodes.
2.
Select the cone again, and click Explode (or select
Format / Explode).
After they are selected, the nodes appear in magenta.
Now when you drag any one of the selected nodes, the entire
group moves.
3.
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You can now node edit the cone nodes.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
Editing Nodes of Edges of Exploded Surfaces
5.
For exploded 3D surface objects, you can use the Edit Tool
to control the visibility and usage of edges.
1.
Right-click on nodes you want to hide and select Make
edge non form-building.
Create a solid object and transform it into an exploded
surface object, using the methods described in
"Editing Nodes of Exploded Surfaces" on page 427.
You can display edges by selecting Make edge
form-building.
Profile Editing
2.
Node edit the object. To make an edge visible,
right-click between its nodes and select Make edge
visible.
Some types of 3D objects are created by performing a
function on a profile (see "Profile Objects" on page 388).
Such objects include Simple Extrude, Revolve, and
Lofting. Some standard objects are also based on profiles,
such as Cone, Wedge, Cylinder, Polygonal Prism, and
Torus. For standard objects, the profiles are created within
the 3D tool; profile objects reference a profile that has
already been created.
For objects that are based on a 2D profile, you can edit the
profile in Select Edit mode (see "Select Edit" on page 198).
3.
Do the same for all edges you want to show. You can
hide visible edges by selecting Make edge invisible
from the local menu. Press Esc twice to leave the Edit
Tool, and the selected edges are shown.
4.
To modify form-building edges, turn them on by
checking Draw form-building edges on the Display
page of the Drawing Setup (Options / Display).
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This example will use a Simple Extrude object, created
from a closed polyline.
1.
In Select mode, select the object. Right-click and
choose Select Profile from the local menu.
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2.
If the selected profile is not the profile you want to
edit, right-click again and choose Select Next Profile.
You can use this method to scroll forward and
backward (Select Previous Profile) until you reach
the desired profile.
3.
Edit the desired profile as needed to change the object.
WARNING: The workplane moves to coincide with the selected
profile. This may change the workplane you want to be active.
If needed, you can use Previous to return to the desired
workplane.
2.
3.
You can move, rotate, or scale the profile as you would
any 2D object in Select Edit. See "Select Edit" on page
198.
Once the profile is edited, click outside to return to the
3D object, and click outside again to clear the
selection. (You can also press Esc twice to exit Select
mode.) The object is now based on the edited profile.
Editing Nodes of a Profile
If you want to edit profiles beyond the moving, rotating and
scaling possible in Select Edit, you can also edit profile
nodes. For details, see "Edit Tool" on page 219.
1.
In Select mode, select the object. Right-click and
choose Select Profile from the local menu.
2.
Right-click again and select Edit Node, or click Edit
Node in the Inspector Bar.
Editing Multiple Profiles
Some objects like truncated cones and lofts use multiple
profiles. You can access and edit each profile separately.
This example will use a truncated cone.
1.
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In Select mode, select the object. Right-click and
choose Select Profile from the local menu.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
The profile nodes appear.
3.
4.
1.
In this example, a Simple Extrude will be created (see
"Simple Extrude" on page 390). Make sure Use
Compound Profile is selected.
2.
Select one profile, then press Shift and select the other
two.
3.
There are two ways to update the profile:
Drag the nodes as needed to change the profile shape.
• Select Update Compound Profile and select the
profile used to create the extrusion.
Return to Select mode, and then clear the selection, by
pressing Esc twice.
• Or Select the 3D object. With it selected, right-click
and select Select Profile. With the profile then
selected, right-click again and select Update
Compound Profile.
4.
Click one profile to deselect it.
5.
When the profile is modified, select Finish Selection
of Profile.
Updating Compound Profiles
Profile objects can be based on simple (single-curve) profiles
or compound profiles. Once the 3D object is created, the
curves that comprise the compound profile can be changed,
and the resulting solid will update.
This example uses these three closed 2D compound profiles,
but simple profiles will work as well.
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The extrusion updates to reflect the selected profile
curves.
You can also use this tool to add or delete regions from
multiple-compound region extrusions. You can also select
profiles that were previously unused.
Finally, you can update a 3D object that is based on a simple
profile to be based on a compound profile (but not
vice-versa). In this example, the extrusion is based on a
circle, and was not created using Use Compound Profile.
2.
Click Finish Selection of Profile, and the extrusion is
now based on the compound profile.
While creating solids based on compound profiles, it is
recommended to work with Editing History active (see
"Editing 3D Objects using Selection Info" on page 487). This
ensures that you will be able to modify the profiles in Select
Edit mode.
3D Boolean Operations
Boolean operations use two existing 3D objects to create a
new object. Objects can be combined, subtracted,
intersected, or sliced. The objects must both be of the same
type - surfaces or solids.
You can display the Boolean & Facet toolbar by
right-clicking in any toolbar area and selecting Boolean &
Facet.
1.
Select the extrusion, and select Select Profile.
Right-click again and select Update Compound
Profile. Select the compound profile.
These tools are also available on the fly-out toolbar from the
Drawing Tools.
When Boolean operations are completed, you can edit the
shape and location of the objects used to create them. See
"Editing 3D Objects using Selection Info" on page 487.
If you plan to assign materials to your 3D objects, it is
recommended to do this after the Boolean operations are
performed.
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NOTE: The Imprint tool also uses Boolean operations,
combining a solid with the extrusion of a 2D closed profile.
See "Imprint" on page 471.
The selected objects do not have to overlap. If you combine
non-overlapping objects, they will still be combined into one
object.
3D Add
Combines two or more 3D objects into one object. Any
overlapping volume is removed.
Select two objects to combine, and the second object is
joined to the first object. Selection order is important,
because the new object will have all the properties of the
first object selected, such as layer and material.
To select multiple objects hold down the shift key while
selecting, then select Finish Selection from the local menu.
3D Subtract
Subtracts one or many 3D objects from one 3D object.
First select the object to subtract from, then select the object
to subtract. By default, the second object is deleted.
The resulting object is one object. You can verify this by
selecting the object.
Local menu option:
Don’t remove the subtrahend: Keeps the second
(subtracted) object. The resultant objects appear the same,
but if you move the second object you can see that it was
subtracted from the first.
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3D Slice
Slices, or divides, one or more objects into new objects, by
specifying the slicing plane.
To select multiple objects hold down the shift key while
selecting, then select Finish Selection from the local menu.
The first object will act as the minuend, and all of the
subsequent objects will be subtrahends.
NOTE: The Section tool is similar, but it creates a section of
the object on the specified plane, while leaving the original
object intact. See "Sectioning Solids" on page 456.
3D Intersect
Slice by Line
Creates one 3D object that is the overlap (intersection)
between two objects.
Slices objects by a plane perpendicular to the current view,
defined by two points. This is the default option.
1.
Select Slice by Line (2 Points) from the local menu or
Inspector Bar.
2.
Select the objects to slice. You can use Shift to select
more than one object.
3.
Select two points The slicing plane will pass through
the line defined by these points, in the direction normal
to the current view (into the screen).
Select two objects that overlap. Selection order is important,
because the new object will have all the properties of the
first object selected, including layer, and material.
The slice is created, though in the current view the
dividing plane appears as a line.
Local menu option:
Keep Original: When this option is selected the original
objects used in the intersection will be retained.
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You can rotate the view and move one of the new objects to
see how the original object was sliced.
1.
Select Slice by Workplane from the local menu or
Inspector Bar.
2.
Select the object to slice.
Slice by Plane
Slices objects by defining the slicing plane. The plane is
defined by three points.
1.
Select Slice by Plane (3 Points) from the local menu
or Inspector Bar.
2.
Select the object to section. You can use Shift to select
more than one object.
3.
Select three points to define the slicing plane.
NOTE: To slice multiple objects, start out using a different
option - Slice by Line or Slice by Plane. Use Shift to select
the objects to slice, then click the Slice by Workplane icon.
The object is sliced.
You can move one of the new objects to see how the original
object was sliced.
The slice is created. You can move one of the new
objects to see how the original object was sliced.
Delete a Sliced Part
Slice by Workplane
Slices objects by using the current workplane as the slicing
plane. For details on workplanes, see "Workplanes" on page
362.
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Removes one of the new objects created by slicing objects.
This option is used in tandem with one of the other options.
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1.
Select the desired slicing option (in this case, Slice by
Plane) and Delete a Sliced Part from the local menu
or Inspector Bar.
2.
Select the object to section. You can use Shift to select
more than one object. Slice the object by the selected
method, in this case, defining a plane by three points.
Select two or more objects to combine, then click the
MultiAdd_VB6 tool. All of the selected objects will be
combined into one object
The resulting object is one object. You can verify this by
selecting the object.
Exploding Solids
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
3.
The slice is created. Select the object you want to
delete.
If you use Boolean functions such as 3D Add or 3D
Subtract, it is possible to get a solid comprised of two or
more separate objects that are still considered to be one
object. It can be difficult to split this solid using 3D editing
tools, but the Explode tool can be easily used for this.
1.
Start with two solids that overlap.
TIP: Objects created as a result of slicing can also be deleted
by selecting them and pressing the Delete key.
MultiAdd_VB6
Available in TurboCAD Platinum Only
Combines two or more 3D objects into one object. Any
overlapping volume is removed.
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Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
2.
Use Boolean Subtract to remove one solid from the
other. In Select mode the two parts are considered to be
one object.
Fillet Edges
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Rounds edges of solid (ACIS) 3D objects.
3.
With the object still selected, activate Explode
(Format / Explode).
NOTE: For more information on exploding, see "Exploding
Objects" on page 247.
The two parts are now considered to be separate
objects.
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Only solid objects (not surfaces) can be selected for filleting.
Filleting can either add or remove material; material is added
to a concave edge, and it is removed from a convex edge.
You can choose whether to create rounded or mitered
vertices.
NOTE: You can edit a Fillet Edges operation in the Selection
Info palette. See "Editing 3D Objects using Selection Info" on
page 487.
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Fillet with Round Vertices
3.
Select the first edge to round. A preview appears
showing the fillet that will result.
4.
Continue selecting edges, if needed. (You can also
drag a window to select multiple edges). Selected
edges are indicated by a red square.
5.
To complete the fillet, select Finish from the Inspector
Bar or the local menu.
6.
In this example, if you select an edge that is smoothly
connected to other edges, the connected edges will be
selected automatically.
Rounding the vertices produces a smooth rounding along all
edges and corners.
This example will start with a box.
1.
Set the Start Radius in the Inspector Bar. Select
Round Vertex in the Inspector Bar or on the local
menu.
2.
Select the object whose edges are to be rounded. Each
edge is marked with a blue square.
If you select Hide Marks, these edge markers will be
hidden.
NOTE: Adjacent edges are smoothly connected if they are
connected by an arc or rounded vertex.
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Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
7.
Clicking other edges will show the fillet preview along
that edge.
Viewing the results in render mode shows the effect of
rounding. The common vertex is smoothly rounded.
8.
In some cases, selecting an edge (such as the bottom
front edge) will cause another edge to be rounded as
well (the bottom side edge), because they meet at a
common vertex. These edges are indicated by a green
square.
Fillet with Setbacks
When rounding edges with the Round Vertex option, you
can enter setbacks in the Inspector Bar. The setback is the
distance from the vertex to the point on an edge where the
rounding begins.
Setbacks are visible at vertices where all edges are rounded.
The setback value must be greater than the edge rounding
radius.
9.
1.
Select the object, set the radius, and select the first
edge to round. When an edge is selected, the blue
square turns red. If you select an edge that is smoothly
connected to other edges, the connected edges will be
selected automatically.
2.
Continue selecting edges.
When all edges are selected, set the rounding radius in
the Inspector Bar, and select Finish from the Inspector
Bar or the local menu.
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When you select two adjacent edges, any other edge
that meets that vertex will be automatically selected as
well, indicated by the green square.
Fillet with Miter Vertices
Mitering the vertices produces rounded edges that meet at an
edge at the corners.
This example will use the following model.
3.
When all edges are selected, set the rounding radius in
the Inspector Bar, and select Finish from the Inspector
Bar or the local menu.
1.
Make sure Round vertex is disabled.
2.
Select the object whose edges are to be rounded. Each
edge is marked with a blue square.
3.
Set the Start Radius radius in the Inspector Bar, and
select the edges.
4.
The edges is rounded, and meet at a sharp corner.
If no setbacks are used, the rounding extends along the entire
edge.
If setbacks are used (entered in the Inspector Bar), the
rounding starts at the specified distance from the vertex.
NOTE: If the setback values are different, where they are
applied depends on the structure of the object itself. You may
need to experiment to get the desired result.
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5.
To round another edge, select the object again and
select the next edge. Make sure Pick smooth
sequence is not selected.
2.
This is the result - only the selected edge was rounded.
This is the result - the intersection of all three corners
has sharp edges.
Pick Smooth Sequence
Adjacent edges are smoothly connected if they are connected
by an arc or rounded vertex. When working with Round
vertex, smoothly connected edges are automatically
selected. But this is not the case when Round vertex is
turned off.
1.
Activate Fillet without Round vertex, and fillet one
edge, using a smaller radius.
3.
Undo, and this time select Pick smooth sequence.
4.
This time when you select one of these edges for
filleting, all edges in the smooth chain are selected.
Start with a box with one filleted edge, using a large
radius.
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This is the result - all edges in the chain are rounded.
The edge is rounded with an varying radius.
Fillet with Variable Radius
Chamfer Edges
For all rounding types, you can use the Unequal Radius
option to specify the radius at the start and end of the edge.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
1.
Specify the Start Radius and End Radius in the
Inspector Bar.
Chamfers (bevels) edges of solid 3D objects.
2.
Select the object, and select the edge or edges to round.
For each edge, a small magenta arrow indicates the
direction of the edge, so that you will know where the
Start Radius and End Radius will be applied. You
can reverse the direction by pressing Ctrl and selecting
again.
Only solid objects (not surfaces) can be selected for
chamfering. Chamfering can either add or remove material;
material is added to a concave edge, and it is removed from
a convex edge. You can choose whether to create rounded or
mitered vertices.
NOTE: You can edit a Chamfer Edges operation in the
Selection Info palette. See "Editing 3D Objects using
Selection Info" on page 487.
The chamfer size is set by the Offset and Chamfer Angle
values. Offsets are the distances from the edge. If the Offset
values are equal, the Chamfer Angle is 45 degrees.
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If you change one Offset value, the Chamfer Angle updates
accordingly.
3.
Similarly, if you change the Chamfer Angle, the Offset 2
value will update accordingly.
Select the first edge to chamfer. When an edge is
selected, the blue square turns red. A preview appears
indicating the chamfer size. If you select an edge that is
smoothly connected to other edges, the connected
edges will be selected automatically.
Chamfer with Round Vertices
Rounding the vertices produces a smooth rounding along
corners.
This example will use the following model, with one filleted
edge.
NOTE: Adjacent edges are smoothly connected if they are
connected by an arc or rounded vertex.
4.
1.
Select Round Vertex in the Inspector Bar or on the
local menu.
2.
Select the object whose edges are to be chamfered.
Each edge is marked with a blue square.
Continue selecting edges, if needed. (You can also
drag a window to select multiple edges).
In some cases, selecting an edge (such as the bottom
front edge) will cause another edge to be chamfered as
well (the bottom side edge), because they meet at a
common vertex. These edges are indicated by a green
square.
If you select Hide Marks, these edge markers will be
hidden.
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5.
When all edges are selected, set the chamfering offsets
in the Inspector Bar, and select Finish from the
Inspector Bar or the local menu.
3.
Set the chamfer offset values in the Inspector Bar, and
select the edge to chamfer.
4.
The edge is chamfered. To chamfer another edge,
select the object again and select the next edge.
5.
Continue to select edges to chamfer.
Viewing the results in render mode shows the affect of
chamfering. The common vertex is smoothly rounded.
Chamfer with Miter Vertices
Mitering the vertices produces chamfered edges that meet at
an edge at the corners.
This example will use the following model.
Any common corners will meet at a sharp edge.
1.
Make sure Round vertex is disabled.
2.
Select the object whose edges are to be chamfered.
Each edge is marked with a blue square.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
Pick Smooth Sequence
Adjacent edges are smoothly connected if they are connected
by an arc or rounded vertex. When working with Round
vertex, smoothly connected edges are automatically
selected. But this is not the case when Round vertex is
turned off.
1.
4.
This time when you select one of these edges for
chamfering, all edges in the smooth chain are selected.
Start with a box with one filleted edge, using a large
radius.
This is the result - all edges in the chain are chamfered.
2.
Activate Chamfer without Round vertex, and
chamfer one edge, using a smaller offset.
Bending and Unbending
These tools are used for bending existing sheets and tubes
(pipes), or for adding flanges on sheets and tubes. There are
also tools for unbending.
These tools are available on the Modify toolbar, which you
can display by right-clicking in any toolbar area and
selecting 3D Modify.
This is the result - only the selected edge was
chamfered.
3.
Undo, and this time select Pick smooth sequence.
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Bend Sheet
5.
Switch to Center. In this case, the center of the bent
solid meets the selected line (or its projection into the
solid).
6.
Switch to End. In this case, the bottom face of the bent
solid meets the selected line (or its projection).
7.
Select Left Side. The bend now starts from the other
end of the solid.
8.
The Neutral Depth is the distance into the depth of
material, along which there will be no tension or
compression.
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
Bends a solid ACIS object, most commonly a sheet with
thickness (Box).
NOTE: You can unbend the object using Unbend Sheet. See
"Unbend Sheet" on page 451.
1.
Start with a shallow Box, or a Simple Extrude based
on a polyline or rectangle. Add a line to the top.
2.
Activate Bend. Select the face you want to bend.
3.
Then select the line about which you want to bend the
solid. The line must lie on the solid face you selected.
4.
Set the bending Radius and Angle. The default
method is Start, in which the bend starts where the top
face meets the selected line.
The preview shows how the final result will look.
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Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
9.
The Angle is measured from the plane of the bending
face.
10.
When the parameters are set, select Finish from the
local menu or Inspector Bar to complete the bend.
2.
Then select the linear edge from which the bend
distance will be defined.
3.
Pull the cursor from this edge to set the bend distance.
Once you click to set the distance, you can change it by
clicking again. You can also set the distance in the
Inspector Bar.
4.
The preview shows how the final result will look.
By Distance from Edge
This option of the Bend tool enables you to define where the
bend starts from a linear edge of the planar face.
1.
Start with a solid that has at least one linear edge. The
first step is to select the face that will bend.
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Tube Bend
The preview shows how the final result will look. You
can still make changes to all values in the Inspector
Bar.
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
Bends a solid (ACIS) cylinder.
1.
Start with a cylinder, and activate Tube Bend. Select
the cylinder you want to bend. The next click defines
the distance where the bend will start.
2.
This distance is the Axial distance, which can be set in
the Inspector Bar as well. You can also define the
Radius and Angle here.
3.
The next click defines the Azimuth angle, which
defines the direction of the bend, relative to the axis of
the cylinder.
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4.
Click Left Side if you want to bend the cylinder from
the other end.
5.
Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar to
complete the bend.
You can use this tool multiple times on the same tube.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
Flange
3.
The next click defines how far from one end the flange
will start. This distance can be zero. The total length of
the edge is also indicated.
4.
The next click defines how far from the other end the
flange will end.
5.
These distances are Start flange position and End
flange position, which can be set in the Inspector Bar
as well. You can also define the Radius and Angle
here.
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
Adds a bend onto the edge of a solid (ACIS) object, most
commonly a sheet with thickness (Box).
NOTE: You can unbend a flange using Unbend Sheet. See
"Unbend Sheet" on page 451.
1.
Start with a shallow Box, or a Simple Extrude based
on a polyline or rectangle.
1.
Activate Flange. Select the face to which you want to
add the flange.
2.
The next click defines the linear edge about which the
flange will bend.
The Neutral Depth is the distance into the depth of
material, along which there will be no tension or
compression. Flange Length is the length of the new
material beyond the edge.
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The preview shows how the final result will look. You
can still make changes to all values in the Inspector
Bar.
Tube Flange
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
Adds a bend onto a solid (ACIS) cylinder.
6.
1.
Start with a cylinder, and activate Tube Flange. Select
the cylinder you want to bend. The next click defines
the end where the flange will be added.
2.
The next click defines the Azimuth angle, which
defines the direction of the bend, relative to the axis of
the cylinder.
3.
This angle can be set in the Inspector Bar as well. You
can also define the Radius and Angle here.
Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar to
complete the flange.
You can use this tool multiple times on the same sheet.
The Neutral Depth is the distance into the depth of
material, along which there will be no tension or
compression. Flange Length is the length of the new
material beyond the current end of the cylinder.
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Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
The preview shows how the final result will look. You
can still make changes to any value in the Inspector
Bar.
4.
1.
Start with a sheet that has a bend and/or flange. This
example has a sheet with a cylindrical imprint, a bend
with two holes, and a flange with one hole.
2.
Activate Unbend Sheet. The Neutral Depth is the
distance into the depth of material, along which there
will be no tension or compression. Changing this
parameter will very slightly affect the resulting sheet
size.
3.
Select the face that will be used as the base for
unbending. The resulting flat sheet will be flush with
this face.
Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar to
complete the bend.
You can use this tool multiple times on the same
cylinder.
Unbend Sheet
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
Unbends a sheet that has a bend or flange. This tool is most
commonly used on objects that have a Bend or Flange added
(see "Bend Sheet" on page 446 and "Flange" on page 449) or
on objects imported into TurboCAD.
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A preview of the resulting sheet will appear.
Unfold Face
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Unfolds faces of an ACIS object. This is also knows as
obtaining the involute of a surface.
Example 1
4.
5.
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1.
For a simple example, start with a truncated cone,
using the Cut Cone by Plane option.
2.
Activate Unfold Face. Click when the curved face is
highlighted. (Only faces that can be unfolded will be
highlighted.)
3.
A preview of the unfolded face will appear.
Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
The new, unbent sheet is created, overlapping with the
base face.
To see the results, you can move the unbent sheet, or
delete the original sheet.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
4.
To create the face, select Finish from the Inspector Bar
or local menu.
Example 2
1.
For a more complex example, start with a Rectangle,
filleted using the Fillet tool.
2.
Create a cone from this polyline, using the Specify 2D
Base option.
4.
Activate Unfold Face and click the cone.
5.
Select Finish. If you move or delete the cone, you can
see the unfolded face clearly
Shelling Solids
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Creates a shell of a specified thickness from a single solid
(not surface) object. The new faces are creating by offsetting
existing faces inside or outside.
3.
Create some cylinders and use 3D Subtract to remove
them from the cone.
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This example will use the solid shown below. (It is actually
two solids, one Lofting and one Simple Extrude, combined
into one solid using 3D Add.)
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1.
Activate Shell Solid. Select the object, which turns
magenta.
2.
Select any faces you want to remain open. Faces are
highlighted in green when the cursor passes over them.
Viewing the results in render mode shows the shelling
results.
After the shell operation is complete, you can edit it in the
Selection Info palette. See "Editing 3D Objects using
Selection Info" on page 487
Facet Offset
Open faces, when selected, are indicated by a thick
magenta line. You can use the Page Down or Page Up
key to select the next face.
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
Extends a solid face inward or outward.
1.
3.
Enter the shell thickness in the Inspector Bar. A
positive value created an outward shell, and a negative
value creates an inward shell.
4.
Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
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Start with a solid object. This example is a Simple
Extrude based on a polyline.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
2.
Activate Facet Offset and select the solid. Then select
the face or faces you want to offset.
5.
Offset faces do not have to be planar. In this example,
select the curved face.
3.
Enter the Offset distance - a positive value will offset
the face outward, and a negative value will offset
inward. Select Finish to offset the faces.
6.
Use a negative Offset and select Finish.
The face moves inward.
4.
The faces are moved outward.
If the Part History is activate, you can edit the offsets after
they are created. See "Editing 3D Objects using Selection
Info" on page 487.
NOTE: If the Offset distance will produce a geometrically
incorrect solid, or will make the solid disappear, the action will
be ignored.
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Sectioning Solids
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
NOTE: The 3D Slice tool is similar, but uses the specified
plane to divide the object into new objects. See "3D Slice" on
page 434.
Section by Line
Creates a 2D or 3D section of one or more 3D solid or
surface objects.
Creates a section perpendicular to the current view, by
defining two points. This is the default option.
1.
Select Section by Line (2 Points) from the local menu
or Inspector Bar.
2.
Select the object to section. You can use Shift to select
more than one object, or use a selection window (first
click outside the objects, then drag the window).
3.
Select two points. The section plane will pass through
the line defined by these points, in the direction normal
to the current view (into the screen).
The resulting sections are grouped into one object.
The sections are considered a “Group of graphics,” which
can be viewed and manipulated in the Selection Info Palette
(see "Selection Info Palette" on page 191).
For a 2D section, the "Group of graphics" is composed of
lines, circles, ellipses, circular arcs, elliptical arcs and/or
splines as needed to create the section. For a 3D section
(Section by Closed Polyline), the "Group of graphics" is
composed of solids and/or surfaces generated by the
intersection of the selected objects and the normal extrusion
of the closed polyline.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
4.
The section is created, but in the current view it
appears as a line.
3.
Select three points to define the sectioning plane.
4.
The section is created.
You can rotate the view to see the section.
Section by Workplane
Section by Plane
Creates a section by defining the sectioning plane. The plane
is defined by three points.
Creates a section by using the current workplane as the
sectioning plane. For details on workplanes, see
"Workplanes" on page 362.
1.
Select Section by Plane (3 Points) from the local
menu or Inspector Bar.
1.
2.
Select the object to section. You can use Shift to select
more than one object, or use a selection window (first
click outside the objects, then drag the window).
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Select Section by Workplane from the local menu or
Inspector Bar.
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2.
Select the object to section. You can use Shift to select
more than one object, or use a selection window (first
click outside the objects, then drag the window).
You can rotate the view to see that the section lies on
the workplane.
Section by Closed Polyline
NOTE: To section multiple objects, start out using a different
option - Section by Line or Section by Plane. Use Shift to
select the objects to slice, then click the Section by
Workplane icon.
3.
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Creates a 3D section by using a closed polyline, rectangle, or
polygon to cut through the solid. The section is normal to the
plane of the polyline.
1.
Select Section by Closed Polyline from the local
menu or Inspector Bar.
2.
Select the object to section. You can use Shift to select
more than one object, or use a selection window (first
click outside the objects, then drag the window).
The section is created.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
3.
Select the closed polyline.
Facet Edit
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Enables you to move or rotate individual facets of a solid
(not surface) object.
1.
4.
Select the facet you want to edit. Before it is selected,
the facet is highlighted in green and indicated by a
green square at its center.
The 3D section is created.
When the facet is selected, all its other facets are
indicated by a blue square. You can select another facet
for editing at any time while the tool is active.
The selected facet appears similar to Select Edit
mode, with rotation handles for the three axis (relative
to the facet plane), and a yellow reference point for
moving.
You can view the 3D section more clearly by removing
the original solid. (The render mode here is Hidden
Line.)
2.
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Drag the facet by its reference point to move it normal
to its current plane.
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3.
You can also rotate about X or Y to change its angle
relative to adjacent facets.
Local menu options:
Properties: Opens the Facet Editor Properties. The
options here are the same as for the 3D Selector. See
"Selector 3D" on page 183.
Edit Reference Point: Moves the reference point of the
facet, located by default at the facet center.
4.
You can rotate around Z to “tilt” the facet sideways.
Moving the reference point enables you to rotate the facet
about different axes.
5.
Lastly, you can delete a node by selecting it and
pressing the Delete key. This is possible only when the
ACIS object can be reconstructed without the facet.
NOTE: You can also press the D key to select and move the
reference point.
NOTE: If you want to delete a facet without reconstructing the
object, you can convert the solid to a surface. See "Create
Surface from Solid" on page 468.
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Default Reference Point: If the reference point was moved,
this option moves it back to its default location at the center
of the facet.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
Facet Deform
2.
Select the face or surface you want to deform. In this
example, the pressure will be applied to the top face of
a box.
3.
A preview of the deformed face will appear, according
to the parameters you set. You can adjust the values
and press Enter to update the preview. If you need a
better representation of the deformation, increase the
number of isolines.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
These functions enable you to change the shape of a surface
or solid face by applying a uniform pressure, or by
specifying deformation points and constraints.
Facet Deform works only with ACIS solids and surface. It
does not work on TurboCAD surface objects, objects that
have TC Surface selected in the 3D page of the Properties.
See "3D Properties" on page 371.
WARNING: Facet Deform causes the edited object to be
deleted from the Par Tree. See "Editing 3D Objects using
Selection Info" on page 487.
Pressure Load
A positive Gain value pushes the face up.
Enables you to deform a face or surface by applying a
uniform pressure over the entire face. The pressure is always
normal to the face. The result is a NURBS surface or solid.
1.
Activate the Pressure Load function, and set the
pressure parameters (defined below).
Stretch: A factor controlling elasticity - the resistance of the
face to stretching. The higher the value the higher the
resistance, resulting in less deformation.
Bend: A factor controlling the resistance of the face to
bending (flexure) and torsion. Higher values prevent sharp
changes to the face.
Resolution: The number of internal grids (knots) used to
control the deformation. The higher the value, the greater the
influence of Bend and Stretch factors. Lower values,
however, yield faster results.
Isolines: Number of display lines. This does not affect the
results, but is used to better visualize the deformed face.
Gain: The pressure value. A gain of 1,000 on a 10 x 10 face
will have more of an effect than the same gain on a 100 x 100
face. Negative values can be used.
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If you switch the Gain to a negative value, the face
will be pushed inward.
4.
Fix tangent: Tangency at the face boundaries will be
maintained. In this example, the face will remain horizontal
along its boundaries.
When you are satisfied with the deformation, select
Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
You can combine both local menu options to produce a
deformation that is tangent to adjacent faces, with minimal
deformation of the neighboring faces..
Local menu options:
Linked neighboring faces: Adjacent faces will also be
deformed.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
You can also deform a stand-alone surface such as this one,
created by using Create Surface from Profile on a closed
spline. (See "Create Surface from Profile" on page 466.)
2.
The next step is to define deformation points and, if
necessary, constraint points. You can click anywhere
on the face to create points. If you created points in
advance, use the Vertex snap to select them.
In this case, the local menu option Linked neighboring
faces is not available. If you select Fix Tangent, the face
remains horizontal along its boundary.
Any of these points that are not moved will be used as
constraints; they will hold the face in place.
3.
Now select one or more points that will move. You can
select points individually, or use a selection box.
4.
Once points are selected, you can move them manually
by dragging their reference point, or enter delta values
in the Inspector Bar. In this example, the two selected
points will move up in the Z direction.
Deform to Point
Enables you to deform a face or surface by moving one or
more points on the face. The result is a NURBS surface or
solid.
1.
Activate the Deform to Point function and select the
face you want to deform - in this case, the top face of
the box.
NOTE: For explanations of the other parameters (Stretch,
Bend, etc.), see "Pressure Load" on page 461.
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5.
Press Enter to move the points, and the face preview is
updated. If necessary, you can now move other points.
In this case, a single point is selected (rather than using
a selection window).
And in this view, you can see the effect of the
constraint points, those not selected to move.
Local menu options:
6.
This point will move in both Y and Z.
The preview now shows all three moved points. The
two points that were not moved are used to hold the
face in place. You can increase the number of isolines
to better visualize the deformed face.
NOTE: For Linked neighboring faces and Fix Tangent, see
"Pressure Load" on page 461.
Delete constraint: Deletes the selected point or points. The
deformation or constraint effect on the face will also be
removed.
One Step Back: Use this if you want to change delta values
for the points just moved.
Move Along Normal: Moves the points in a direction
normal to the surface. In this case, you only need to specify
a single Direction value.
In this view, you can see the movement in Y of the
single point shown.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
Hole
5.
The other parameters on this page depend on the hole
type.
6.
Close the Properties, and select the face on which the
holes will be created.
7.
Select the points. Use the Shift key to select multiple
points. The preview shows what the final result will
look like.
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
Uses a Boolean subtract operation to remove hole volumes
from a solid object (or add material, in the case of a Boss).
1.
Start with a solid object, like a box.
2.
Create points for each hole you want to create (see
"Point" on page 137). The points must lie on the face
from which the hole will be removed.
NOTE: As long as Workplane by Face mode is checked in
Drawing Aids, the points will be placed on the facet where
your cursor is. (See "Snap Settings" on page 108.) Otherwise,
you can use Workplane by Facet to place points on the
correct facet.
3.
Activate Hole, and open the Properties.
4.
On the Hole page, select the type of hole. The types of
holes are Plain hole, Counter sink, Counter bore,
Counter drill, Tapped, and Boss.
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8.
Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar,
and the holes are created.
Surface and Solid Conversion
Operations
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
In TurboCAD, “surface” refers to a 3D ACIS object, whereas
a TurboCAD surface (when TC Surface is checked in the
3D page of an object’s Properties) refers to an object created
with TurboCAD’s internal engine, which is not an ACIS
object. (See "3D Properties" on page 371.)
These are conversion operations that create surfaces or solids
from existing objects, including surfaces, faces, and profiles.
You can edit hole parameters after they are created. See
"Editing 3D Objects using Selection Info" on page 487.
You can display the Solid/Surface toolbar by right-clicking
in any toolbar area and selecting Solid/Surface.
Create Surface from Profile
Enables you to create an ACIS surface within a closed
profile. The profile can be 2D or 3D.
466
1.
Select one or more closed profiles.
2.
Activate the Surface from Profile function, and the
boundaries are filled by one or more surfaces. You can
see the surfaces in render mode.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
Create Surface from Face(s)
3.
Activate the Surface from Face(s) function, and the
selected faces are now surfaces. The rest of the solid is
deleted.
Enables you to create a surface from selected planar facets of
solid objects.
1.
Start with a solid that has planar facets. This example
uses a 6-sided polygon extruded (using Simple
Extrude) into a solid.
The selected faces do not have to be contiguous; surfaces can
be created from any face(s).
2.
Activate Facet Edit and select one or more faces. (See
"Facet Edit" on page 459.) Use Shift to select multiple
faces.
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Create Surface from Solid
3.
Delete the face (using the Del key), and view the
model in render mode to see the missing facet.
Enables you to convert a solid volume into a hollow form;
each solid face is converted into a surface.
1.
Start by selecting one or more solids. This example
uses a 6-sided polygon extruded (using Simple
Extrude) into a solid.
NOTE: If you used Facet Edit on a solid, without converting it
into surfaces, this would be the result - the other faces would
update to accommodate the deleted face.
2.
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Activate the Surface from Solid function, and the
solid is hollowed out. Each of its facets is now a
surface. To more easily see the results, activate Facet
Edit and select one of the vertical faces. (See "Facet
Edit" on page 459.)
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
One usage of surfaces is to recreate a solid from the changed
volume. If you delete a few more faces . . .
... you can then use Create Solid from Surface to add one
missing face and produce a new solid. (See "Create Solid
from Surface" on page 470.)
Create Solid from Face(s)
1.
Start with one or more solids. This example uses a
6-sided polygon extruded (using Simple Extrude)
into a solid.
2.
Activate Facet Edit and select one or more faces. (See
"Facet Edit" on page 459.) Use Shift to select multiple
faces.
3.
Activate the Solid from Face(s) function, and the
selected faces are now facets of a solid. Faces are
added as needed to complete the solid.
Enables you to convert one or more surfaces / faces into a
solid. The faces must be contiguous, but they do not need to
share boundaries over the entire boundary length.
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You do not have to start with a solid; this function also works
with objects that are already surfaces.
2.
Once you have a surface, activate 3D Slice in order to
cut the surface (see "3D Slice" on page 434). Make one
or two slice lines.
Create Solid from Surface
3.
Select and delete the sliced portions.
4.
Now select what’s left of the surface and activate
Create Solid From Surface. The surface is converted
into a solid volume, within the boundaries of the
original surface (holes are filled).
Enables you to convert a surface into a solid volume, within
the surfaces’ boundaries.
1.
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Start with a solid or surface. If you have a solid, select
it and use Create Surface From Solid to convert it
into a surface. This example uses a sphere.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
As a similar example, create a revolved surface (see
"Revolve" on page 399). This is an ACIS object. Simply
select it and make it a solid.
NOTE: You can use text as part of the compound profile for
imprinting.
Imprint Auto Detect
Adds or subtracts the extrusion of the closed profile to/from
the solid, depending on which direction the profile is
extruded.
1.
Start with a solid object with one or more profiles on
one facet. Activate Imprint and select the facet that
will be imprinted.
1.
Make sure Auto Detect is selected. In this example,
the last two options in the Inspector Bar have no blend
(fillet or chamfer).
2.
Select the closed profile. If you want to select more
than one profile, press the Shift key.
Imprint
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Modifies a facet of a solid (not surface) object by imprinting
a closed 2D profile object (polyline, polygon, circle, arc, or
curve). Multiple profiles can be imprinted at once. You can
also add a fillet to the bottom and/or chamfer to the top.
Imprint uses Boolean operations of Add and Subtract on
the original solid and the extrusion of the 2D closed profile.
See "3D Boolean Operations" on page 432.
NOTE: The closed 2D profile object must be located on a facet
of the 3D object.
Imprint is also available on the fly-out toolbar from the
Drawing Tools.
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3.
4.
Pull the profiles away from the solid, and click to
create the imprint, or enter a Height in the Inspector
Bar. Because the extrusion direction was outward, the
extrusions were added to the solid.
2.
Activate Imprint. For the sake of comparison, first
select Auto Detect. In this example, the last two
options in the Inspector Bar have no blend (fillet or
chamfer).
3.
Select the inner face that contains the profile, then
select the profile itself. Extrude the profile this way:
If you Undo and recreate the imprint, pushing into the
solid this time, the extrusions will be subtracted from
the solid.
This is the result: because the profile was extruded
inward with respect to its face, its extrusion was
subtracted from the solid.
Imprint Add
Adds the extrusion of the closed profile to the solid,
regardless of the extrusion direction.
1.
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4.
Undo, and now select Add.
5.
Select and extrude the profile the same way, and now
its extrusion is added to the solid.
Start with a solid like this, with a closed profile within
one of the inside facets.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
Imprint Subtract
5.
Subtracts the extrusion of the closed profile from the solid,
regardless of the extrusion direction.
1.
Select and extrude the profile the same way, and now
its extrusion is subtracted from the solid.
Start with a solid like this, with a closed profile along
one of the inside facets.
Imprint with Chamfer or Fillet
You can add a chamfer or fillet to the top or bottom of the
imprint.
2.
3.
4.
Activate Imprint. For the sake of comparison, first
select Auto Detect. In this example, the last two
options in the Inspector Bar have no blend (fillet or
chamfer).
NOTE: For details on these edge tools, see "Fillet Edges" on
page 437 and "Chamfer Edges" on page 442.
1.
Start with a solid object with one or more profiles on
one facet. Activate Imprint and select the facet that
will be imprinted.
2.
In this example, Auto Detect is selected. When the last
two options are set to Normal Top and Normal
bottom, the imprint edges will be sharp.
Select the inner face that contains the profile, then
select the profile itself. Extrude the profile this way.
Because the profile was extruded outward with respect
to its face, its extrusion was added to the solid.
Undo, and now select Subtract.
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3.
To fillet or chamfer, click the option icons to set them
to Fillet Top / Bottom or Chamfer Top / Bottom.
Clicking repeatedly will scroll through the options. In
this example, the bottom has a chamfer, and the top has
a fillet.
4.
Set the Top radius and Bottom radius.
5.
Select and extrude the profile. The top is filleted and
the bottom is chamfered.
6.
Imprint with Dimple Sheet Metal
You can use the imprint tool to create a dimple effect as in
sheet metal.
1.
Start with a solid object with one or more profiles on
one facet. Activate Imprint and select the facet that
will be imprinted.
2.
Select the Dimple sheet metal option.
3.
Select a closed profile.
You can edit all parameters of the imprint, including
changing or removing fillets and chamfers, in
Selection Info palette.
The height must be a negative value greater than the
sheet thickness. The top radius must be equal to or
greater than the thickness of the sheet.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
Editing Imprint Parameters
The Selection Info palette can be used to edit parameters of
the imprint itself, as well as the fillets and/or chamfers.
• Draft Start / End Distance: If Draft Angle = 0, you
can specify a draft angle by entering the offset
distances.
• Height: The distance of the extrusion.
NOTE: For general information on this palette, see "Selection
Info Palette" on page 191.
Select the imprint, and its Part Tree appears at the top of the
palette. Under Imprint, highlight Simple Extrude.
• Direction: Switch between one-sided and two-sided.
The Imprint category is where you can change the imprint
type (Auto Detect, Add, or Subtract) and change or remove
fillets and chamfers and change their radii.
Assembling
The Assemble tools are used to position a 2D or 3D object
relative to another object.
The Assemble tools can be used on 2D and 3D objects. For
the objects you want to use, be sure the Selector is set
correctly (2D, 3D, or both). See "2D / 3D Selector" on page
181.
At the bottom of the palette, the Simple Extrude category
contains parameters for the imprint body:
• Draft Angle: Creates an extrusion of increasing or
decreasing cross-section. Enter the angle of deviation
from the extrusion path.
These tools are available on the 3D Modify toolbar, which
you can display by right-clicking in any toolbar area and
selecting 3D Modify.
NOTE: The Transform tools also enable you to move objects,
as well as scale and copy, and do not require information as
accurate as that required by the Assemble tools. In addition,
you can record Transform operations for use on other
objects. See "Transforming" on page 212.
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Assemble by 3 Points
4.
Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
The object is moved so that its source point meets the
destination point, keeping its orientation.
Changes the position of an object by changing the location of
one point, two points (line), or three points (plane). The
source points typically lie on the object to be moved,
although this is not required. Destination points can lie on
destination objects, or they can be specified in the
Coordinate Fields.
To assemble by one point:
To assemble by two points (line):
1.
Select the object to be repositioned.
1.
Select the object to be repositioned.
2.
Select the source point.
2.
Select the first source point and its destination. This
first set of points determines the actual object position;
the remaining points set the orientation.
3.
Select the destination point.
3.
Select the second source point and its destination.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
4.
Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
The object is moved so that its first source point meets
the first destination point, and the line between source
points becomes aligned with the line between
destination points.
3.
Select the second source point and its destination.
4.
Select the third source point and its destination.
NOTE: For another way to assemble by edges, see "Assemble
by Edge and Point" on page 477.
To assemble by three points (plane):
1.
Select the object to be repositioned.
2.
Select the first source point and its destination. This
first set of points determines the actual object position;
the remaining points set the orientation.
The object is moved so that its first source point meets
the first destination point, and the plane defined by the
source points becomes aligned with the plane defined
by the destination points.
Assemble by Edge and Point
Changes the position of an object by changing the location
and alignment of an edge. You can also add a source point
and destination point to change the rotation as well.
To assemble by a pair of edges:
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1.
Select the object to be repositioned.
4.
2.
Select the source edge. The new alignment of the edge
depends on where you select the edge; the point you
select will be moved to the point you select on the
destination edge.
To assemble by edges and a plane:
3.
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Select the destination edge. The dotted lines indicate
how the object will be aligned.
Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
The object is moved so that its source edge meets the
destination edge, connected at the two selected points.
1.
Select the object to be repositioned.
2.
Select the source edge. The new alignment of the edge
depends on where you select the edge; the point you
select will be moved to the point you select on the
destination edge.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
3.
Select the destination edge. The dotted lines indicate
how the object will be aligned.
Assemble by Facet
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Changes the position of an object by aligning facets.
4.
1.
Select the source facet of the object to be repositioned.
To select a facet behind or in front of the indicated
facet, you can use the Page Up and Page Down keys.
2.
Select the destination facet.
Select a point on the source plane (not on the selected
edge) and a point on the destination plane.
The object is moved so that its source edge meets the
destination edge, connected at the two selected points.
The rotation is set by the points on the source and
destination planes. The results are shown here in
Hidden Line render mode.
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The object is moved so that the source facet meets the
destination facet. The results are shown here in
Hidden Line render mode.
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Assemble by Axis
3.
Click the axis to define it for the assembly.
4.
Select Finish from the Inspector Bar or local menu.
5.
Do the same to define the axis for the other round
object (the cylinder).
6.
Select Finish from the Inspector Bar or local menu.
7.
Activate Assemble by Axis. Click the axis of the
object you want to move. Be sure to select the axis near
the endpoint that will meet the endpoint of the other
axis.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Changes the position of an object by aligning axes.
Assembling Circular or Rotated Objects
For round objects that have a rotational axis (such as
Cylinder, Cone, Polygonal Prism, Revolve, or Simple
Extrude based on a circular 2D object), you need to set the
assembly axis before the objects can be assembled.
This example will assemble a truncated cone based on an
ellipse, aligning it with the axis of a cylinder.
1.
Activate Set Assembly Axis.
2.
Click one of the round objects (the truncated cone, in
this case). Its axis is displayed as a dashed line.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
8.
Click the destination axis, near the endpoint where the
other axis will meet it.
11.
When the distance and angle are defined, the object
moves so that the two axes are aligned.
A preview of the moved object appears. You can move
it in either direction along the axis.
Assembling Planar or Linear Objects
For objects that have no assembly axis defined, you can
define the axis during the assembly process.
This example uses a polygonal prism and a box.
9.
10.
Use the mouse or enter the move distance. If you want
to rotate the object, you can enter an Angle. If the
moved object is oriented backward, select Turn Over
from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
To rotate it with the mouse, select Rotate.
If you turned or rotated the object, the preview will
update.
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1.
Activate Assemble By Axis, and select Use Any Line
from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
2.
Select the object you want to move. Then click a line
or edge you want to use as the assembly axis. Be sure
to click near the endpoint of the axis which will meet
the other axis.
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3.
Click an edge or line as the destination axis. Select it
near the endpoint that will meet the other axis. A
preview of the moved object appears. You can move it
in either direction along the axis.
Distance by faces, Angle by faces and Angle
by axes
Make sure to create sufficient axes to setup for these modes.
Make two axes of two bodies coincident, then select one of
modes by using hot keys or local menu
Distance by Faces
Select the Distance by faces mode.
4.
Use the mouse or enter the move distance. If you want
to rotate the object, you can enter an Angle. If the
moved object is oriented backward, select Turn Over
from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
5.
To rotate it with the mouse, select Rotate.
Define the first face on the body which will be moved.
If you turned or rotated the object, the preview will
update.
6.
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When the distance and angle are defined, the object
moves so that the two axes are aligned.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
Define destination face
Angle by Faces
Select face on body you want to rotate.
Select the second face (on any body) you wish the first face
to to be parallel to.
The body will be moved by the distance between selected
faces along the common axis and two faces will become
coincident.
If the rotation around the common axis is available, then the
normals of the two defined faces will become
coincident/parallel.
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Angle by Axes
Mode 1:
Select the second axis on first body; the one you are moving.
Mode 2:
Select the second axis on first body; the one you are moving.
Select the second axis on the body you are aligning to.
If the rotation around the common axis is available, the
directions of selected axes will become coincident.
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Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
Select the second axis on the body you are aligning to.
Assemble by Tangents
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Changes the position of an object by aligning a cylindrical
face tangent to another cylindrical face, or to a flat face.
This example will assemble a cylinder and a box.
Aligning to a Face
If the rotation around the common axis is available, the
directions of selected axes will become coincident.
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1.
Activate Assemble by Tangents. Select the object that
will move (the cylinder). Be sure to select the axis
where you want the object to be placed on the second
object.
2.
To align the object to a face, and not to a specific axis
or point, click the face of the second object. This face
can be planar or cylindrical. Where you click defines
the initial location of the first object.
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A preview of the moved object appears.
3.
You can move the preview anywhere, and it remains
tangent to the face.
4.
When you place the object, and view it in Side view.
you can see that the cylinder is tangent to the face of
the box.
The preview shows the cylinder aligned to both the
face and edge.
2.
A Distance to Edge value will move the cylinder away
from the edge, in an offset direction while staying
tangent to the face.
3.
A Distance to Vertex value will move the cylinder
along the edge.
Aligning to a Face and Edge
1.
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You can align a cylindrical face to both a face and
edge. When selecting the second face, click on one of
its edges.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
4.
When you place the object, and view it in Side view.
you can see that the cylinder is tangent to the face and
edge of the box.
WARNING: Facet Deform operations cause the edited objects
to be deleted from the editing history.
In order for object history to be recorded, you must check
Create Editing History in the ACIS page of Drawing
Setup (Options / ACIS).
Editing 3D Objects using
Selection Info
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
NOTE: For general information on this palette, see "Selection
Info Palette" on page 191.
You can use the Selection Info palette to edit properties and
parameters of 3D objects, taking into account the order in
which the objects were created. Objects must be created as
solids; surface objects cannot be edited this way (see "3D
Properties" on page 371).
In addition to seeing what objects were used in which
operations, you can also edit certain properties of these
operations:
• Fillet Edges and Chamfer Edges: add or subtract
affected edges, modify the chamfer length or fillet
radius.
1.
This example started with a Simple Extrude, based on
a linear polyline.
2.
Highlight Polyline and change its color and line
weight.
• Boolean operations: Change the size or location of
the original objects combined in the Boolean
operation.
• Shell: Change the open faces, set inward or outward
shelling, modify the shell thickness.
• Imprint: Change the type of imprint, add a draft angle,
and change the fillets and chamfers at the edges. See
"Editing Imprint Parameters" on page 475.
After you make a change to any operation, all subsequent
operations will update to reflect the change.
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Now the polyline is easily differentiated from the
solid.
For the Simple Extrude, you can edit all parameters
that are available in its Properties window. For
example, the 3D category has an option to change the
object into a surface object (uncheck Solid Mode), and
to set the object’s Material.
3.
488
Under Simple Extrude, increase the Height and add a
slight Draft Angle.
The solid is now higher with drafted walls.
4.
Use Fillet Edges to round one edge (see "Fillet Edges"
on page 437.) Then use Shell Solid to shell this shape,
leaving the top face open (see "Shelling Solids" on
page 453.)
In Selection Info, the Extrude, Fillet and Shell
operations are listed under “Part Tree.”
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
5.
The Simple Extrude is based on the polyline, and
changing the polyline will update the solid. Highlight
Polyline and click Select.
6.
Scale the polyline in Select Edit mode to make it
longer. The solid shape, as well as the fillet and
shelling update automatically.
7.
Subsequent operations do not have to update
automatically. To disable this, right-click on “Shell”
and select Delay Update.
8.
To edit the fillet, highlight it and select Edit in Place.
9.
Edit in Place enables you to return to the original
operation and make changes. Click another edge for
filleting. You could also change parameters such as the
fillet radius.
10.
Select Finish to update the operation. The shell has not
updated.
NOTE: If you click Suppress Operation, the operation will be
removed from part history, though its item will still remain in
the list. You can bring the operation back into the model by
selecting Unsuppress Operation.
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11.
To update the shell, right-click t and select Auto
Update.
13.
Then use the Boolean operation 3D Subtract to
remove the cylinder from the shelled solid. (See "3D
Subtract" on page 433.)
14.
The 3D Subtract operation is now listed. If you
expand it, you can see the Cylinder on which it is
based. Highlight the cylinder, and click Select.
15.
Move the cylinder, which in turn updates the 3D
Subtract operation.
Now the shell reflects the new filleted edge.
12.
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For the next operation, create a cylinder, with its
workplane located on one of the vertical faces.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
16.
For another way to edit the cylinder, select Edit
Content.
17.
The cylinder is now the only object in the drawing
area, and any changes will modify the operations
currently based on the cylinder. Make a copy of the
cylinder so that they overlap.
18.
19.
The entire solid is updated, based on the modified
cylinder.
20.
For one of the solid operations, open Metrics. It only
informs you that the object is a solid, as opposed to a
surface.
21.
Click Show Physical Metrics.
Then use 3D Subtract to get this shape:
When finished, click Finish Editing Content.
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This displays properties such as volume, area, center
of gravity, and moments of inertia.
2.
Select the Percent to Keep.
3.
Click the Finish button or select Finish from the local
menu.
TC Mesh Simplification
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Simplifies meshes by reducing the total polygon count. For
example you can use it for reducing the number of the
polygons in the laser scanned model (e.g. from 400000 to
4000 triangles).
1.
Select a mesh or TC Surface.
Local Menu Options
Ignore Boundaries, Contract Boundaries at end, Fix
Boundaries: this switch tells the simplifier how should it
process the models boundaries (boundary = set of the edges
where each edge belongs to the one triangle only)
Do Full Update before simplification: you should use this
setting if the simplifier fails or its result is incorrect. Usually
it means that the simplifier's input model was incorrect. You
may try to heal the model by using “Do Full Update” in this
case.
XClip
The XClip tool creates a cropped/clipped display of a
selected external reference or block reference based upon a
selected boundary.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 11 Editing in 3D
You can use any circle, or closed polyline consisting of only
straight segment as a boundary.
1.
Select an xref or a block or a group of xrefs or blocks.
2.
In the local menu select the Select Polyline option.
3.
Click on the desired cutting line.
XClip Properties
XClip properties provide added control for how xclips are
displayed.
Display only result: if this option is unchecked the clipping
boundary will be ignored, and all of the geometry of the
clipped blocks or xrefs will be displayed.
Enable front clip: If this option is selected the xclip will clip
everything in the clipped entities above a specified height.
Front clipping always occurs parallel to the original clip
boundary.
Front Clip: Sets the height for front clipping.
Enable back clip: If this option is selected the xclip will clip
everything in the clipped entities below a specified height.
Front clipping always occurs parallel to the original clip
boundary.
A cropped version of the xref or block is crated. the original
xref or block insertion is destroyed. The xclip and the
selected boundary are not associative, so updating the
boundary does not update the xclip.
Back Clip: Sets the depth for back clipping.
In the following picture the the xclip has a Front Clip of 12in.
and a Back Clip of 1in.
If the xref/block contained 3D object these objects are shown
as “hollowed” whether they are surfaces or ACIS solids.
Xclipping does not create new geometry for the clipped
entities so the missing faces are simply not displayed. In this
regard xclips are not like booleans.
Regardless of the current UCS, the clip depth is applied
parallel to the clipping boundary.
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494
For updates and additional information,
12 Rendering
One of the most important tools for controlling the view of
your model is Render mode. In render mode, all 3D objects
are displayed as shaded, or without hidden lines. Higher
level rendering also enables you to view materials and
textures, showing a realistic view of what your model will
actually look like. And in order to create a realistic rendered
view, light effects must be added.
To further enhance your render, you can assign materials and
luminance qualities to objects. You can also create a render
scene environment, which affects the background and
foreground of your model.
• Create a render scene environment
(see "Environments" on page 530)
You can use all 3D tools (as well as most 3D editing tools) in
both wireframe and render modes. See "Creating and Editing
Objects in Render Mode" on page 496.
To render only specific objects, select those objects before
selecting the render mode. To return to Wireframe or another
render mode, click the relevant icon or use the View /
Camera menu.
Quality Rendering
Rendering
Displays all objects, or only selected objects, as shaded, or
without hidden lines.
Creating a Rendered View
You can display the Render toolbar by right-clicking in any
toolbar area and selecting Render.
Creates the most photorealistic image with respect to
shading, color, reflection, texture, and other qualities. Only
the LightWorks rendering type is available for this render
mode. For complex models, this type of rendering can be
slow.
By default, these tools are also available on the local
(right-click) menu.
When creating the first render of a model, the easiest way is
to select one of the render modes and accept the default
lights.
TIP: You can modify the lights by selecting View / Lights. For
more details, see "Lights" on page 513.
There are several ways to modify and enhance your
rendering:
See "Quality Render Properties" on page 500.
• Adjust render properties (see "Render (Camera)
Properties" on page 497)
• Modify or add lights (see "Lights" on page 513)
• Define object materials (see "Materials" on page 522)
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Draft Rendering
Advanced Render-Render Styles
Quickly creates a rendered view. The parameters are more
limited than with Quality rendering, and the view will not be
as detailed. The OpenGL and LightWorks rendering types
are available for this mode.
Render Styles are used to give you maximum control over
the rendering process. A fair variety of preset values are
provided including both raytracing and sketch types of
rendering
See "Draft Render Properties" on page 499.
See "Render Styles Properties" on page 500.
Hidden Line
Eliminates the hidden lines from the view.
NOTE: There are detailed help files available from the Editors
for Luminances, Environments, Materials, and Render Styles.
These detailed help files describe the function of all settings,
and the effect of value changes to parameters in these dialogs
Creating and Editing Objects in Render Mode
All 3D geometry and most 3D editing tools can be used
while in render mode.
You can edit objects using Select Edit and Edit Tool,
perform 3D Boolean commands (with the exception of the
Boolean operation 3D Slice) and manipulate the workplane.
Tools for creating and modifying 2D geometry cannot be
used in render mode. This includes text and tools for
inserting and manipulating pictures.
See "Hidden Line Properties" on page 498.
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Chapter 12 Rendering
TIP: If you need access to 2D profiles for creating profile
objects, you can see them in render mode if you check
Foreground Wireframe / Nonrenderable objects in the
Camera Properties (View / Camera / Properties) for the
various render modes.
Drag and drop maneuvers are also not available in render
mode. Therefore, you cannot drag objects in or out of the
Blocks or Symbols Palettes (though the Format menu
commands are available). You also cannot drag objects into
other drawings.
The Copy (Ctrl+C) command also works differently in
render mode. Rather than copy only the selected objects, the
entire scene is captured as a bitmap. It can be inserted into
another file or viewport by using Edit / Paste Special.
Render (Camera) Properties
The properties for all render modes contain the following
parameters:
Foreground Wireframe: Controls wireframe display in
render mode. These parameters can be helpful when objects
are hidden by other objects, or when not all objects are
rendered.
• Nonrenderable Objects: If checked, objects that
cannot be rendered are displayed as wireframes during
rendering. Nonrenderable objects include most 2D
objects, though some 2D objects can be rendered, such
as images.
LightWork Settings
The LightWork settings under Options/LightWork will
effect any render or saved raster file created with render
styles. They are on by default.
Transparency Shadow: Specifies whether a render created
with a render style will support shadows cast by transparent
objects. This toggles the Shadow Transparency setting for
every Luminance which has Shadow Transparency turned
on.
If not checked, these objects will not be seen.
• Renderable Objects: Displays the contour lines of
renderable objects. Renderable objects include 3D
objects and certain 2D objects such as images.
• Suppress Hidden Line: Available for Draft and
Quality rendering only. If Renderable Objects is
checked, the hidden contour lines are not displayed.
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Properties of the hidden line display are taken from the
Extended Parameters found on the Hidden Line
Properties.
• Wire Material Color OpenGL: Adds color
highlighting in accordance with LightWorks
algorithms.
• Native Wireframe: The standard wireframe mode.
For fast drawing, only the main contour lines are
displayed for ACIS objects.
Hidden Line Properties
Parameters for Hidden Line rendering (see "Hidden Line"
on page 496).
Wireframe Properties
Parameters for wireframe display.
Rendering type: The graphics engine that will be used to
create the render. The differences between the options relate
to the different libraries used for object representation.
• OpenGL: All contour lines are displayed.
• LightWorks: All contour lines are displayed, but
color is not displayed.
• Native Wireframe: The standard wireframe mode.
For fast drawing, only main contour lines are
displayed for ACIS objects.
Rendering mode: The available modes depend on the
rendering type:
• Wireframe: All contour lines are displayed.
• Wire OpenGL: One-color wireframe rendering.
Rendering type: The graphics engine that will be used to
create the render.
• Hidden Line: The standard display mode - transparent
rendering.
• LightWorks: A for of Non-transparent rendering
Hidden lines are completely hidden.
• Redsdk: Uses the Redsdk engine for hidden line
mode. See the Redsdk section for details on
controlling display with Redsdk. This option is only
available if Native Draw is set to Redsdk.
Rendering mode: The following modes are available for
both rendering types:
• Hidden Line: Displays only the contour. Display of
intersections and hidden lines depends on the options
on the lower part of window. Colors are displayed.
• Hidden OpenGL: Non-transparent wireframe render,
suppresses hidden lines. Colors are not displayed.
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Chapter 12 Rendering
• Hidden Material Color OpenGL: Non-transparent
wireframe rendering, with suppressed hidden lines.
Materials and lighting are also rendered.
• Redsdk Hidden Line: Uses the Redsdk engine for
hidden line mode. See the Redsdk section for details
on controlling display with Redsdk. This option is only
available if Native Draw is set to Redsdk.
Always clip objects behind the camera: Creates
cross-sections by placing a camera inside the object. This
means that the object will be "cut" by a plane perpendicular
to the camera view direction.
Draw hidden line as dashed: Displays all hidden lines as
dashed.
• OpenGL: Allows quick rendering in order to gauge
the shape and placement of objects. Because of its
speed, OpenGL is best suited for walk-throughs to
quickly review the structure of the drawing, but not to
show all details. For example, an object’s pen color is
used rather than its defined material.
• LightWorks: Used to create higher quality renders,
but can take time.
• Redsdk: Uses the Redsdk engine for draft rendering.
See the Redsdk section for details on controlling
display with Redsdk. This option is only available if
Native Draw is set to Redsdk.
Rendering Mode: The available modes depend on the
rendering type:
• Flat: LightWorks’ fastest method, produces images
quickly but with low image quality. Each facet is
painted uniformly with an average color.
• Gouraud: Supports smooth shading, does not support
textures, shadows, refraction or reflections of light.
This is a higher quality render than Flat.
Set custom hidden line: Enables you to specify a custom
line for hidden lines. Click Edit to open the Pen Properties
window (see "Pen Properties" on page 81.)
Draw Intersections: Displays the lines of object
intersections.
Draft Render Properties
Parameters for Draft rendering (see "Draft Rendering" on
page 496).
• Phong: Supports textures and shadows, but not
shadows or refraction or reflections of light. It is a
higher quality render than Gouraud.
• Flat OpenGL: LightWorks OpenGL’s fastest but
lowest-quality method, does not support smoothing.
• Smooth OpenGL: The most commonly-used
LightWorks OpenGL method, and the default for
Draft rendering. Speed and quality are optimized.
• Redsdk Draft: Uses the Redsdk engine for draft
rendering. See the Redsdk section for details on
controlling display with Redsdk. This option is only
available if Native Draw is set to Redsdk.
Rendering Type: The graphics engine that will be used to
create the render.
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Quality Render Properties
Parameters for Quality rendering (see "Quality Rendering"
on page 495).
solving the lighting problem, not the visibility
problem. Once the light distribution has been
generated, images can be rendered using standard
visibility and shading algorithms. Radiosity is
light-dependant and requires careful preparation to
create the highest quality imaging.
Extended Parameters: Available if Radiosity is used.
• Render Mode: Sets the render method Radiosity will
use to draw the image after making calculations.
• Iterations: The level of refinement in the Radiosity
calculations. The higher the number, the finer the
results. A typical value is between 20 and 30.
Rendering Type: Only the LightWorks option is available.
Rendering Mode:
• Preview: Supports texture, shadows and lighting
effects. Creates rendered images faster than Full, but
of lower quality.
• Quality: The integrated parameter for improving the
quality of an object’s shadow displaying. Each quality
value corresponds to the default set of radiosity
parameters. Two of them, Max Area and Min Area
can be adjusted manually to smooth the object shadow.
Render Styles Properties
Parameters for Render Styles rendering (see "Advanced
Render-Render Styles" on page 496).
• Full: Supports texture, shadows and lighting effects.
This is a higher quality render than Preview. Full
creates rendered images faster than Raytrace options,
but of lower quality.
• Raytrace Preview: Uses raytracing to create
medium-quality rendering. Raytracing is a method of
calculating light paths, shadows, and reflections. This
is a higher quality render than Full. Raytace Preview
and creates rendered images faster than Raytrace
Full, but of lower quality.
• Raytrace Full: Uses raytracing to create high-quality
rendering. It supports texture, shadows and lighting
effects. Precision calculations and finer resolution
create a higher quality render than Raytrace Preview.
Raytrace Full creates very high quality renderings at
the cost of speed.
• Radiosity: Generates light distribution throughout the
scene; the resolution is independent of any particular
viewpoint. The radiosity algorithm is intended for
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• Category: Allows your to select the category or the
render style. The following Categories are provided by
default: Depth of field, Final Gather (with Ambient
Occlusion and Weather subcategories), Ray Traced,
and Sketch.
• Render Style: Allows you to select the render style
from the selected category.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 12 Rendering
• Edit Render Style: Opens the Render Style editor for
modifying existing render styles and creating new
render styles. The editor will open to the currently
selected style.
Focus plane 2 m
Description: Render style intended to reproduce the
focusing effect.
This rendering style uses a ray casting algorithm and Depth
of field effect, reproducing the effect when a real camera is
focused on objects a certain distance away and objects nearer
or further away appear blurred.
Depth of Field
Focus plane 1 m
Focus plane = 2.0 m
Focus plane is set using the 'Depth of field \Focus plane'
parameter.
Focus plane 5 m
Description: Render style intended to reproduce the
focusing effect.
This rendering style uses a ray casting algorithm and Depth
of field effect, reproducing the effect when a real camera is
focused on objects a certain distance away and objects nearer
or further away appear blurred.
Focus plane = 1.0 m
Focus plane is set using the 'Depth of field \Focus plane'
parameter.
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Description: Render style intended to reproduce the
focusing effect.
This rendering style uses ray casting algorithm and Depth of
field effect, reproducing the effect when a real camera is
focused on objects a certain distance away and objects nearer
or further away appear blurred.
Focus plane = 5.0 m
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Focus plane is set using the 'Depth of field \Focus plane'
parameter.
Focus plane 10 m
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
minimum render quality settings, without regard for
reflectance or transparency. It allows for the quickest
rendering while creating or editing a scene.
Preview 10
Description: Render style intended to reproduce the
focusing effect.
This rendering style uses a ray casting algorithm and Depth
of field effect, reproducing the effect when a real camera is
focused on objects a certain distance away and objects nearer
or further away appear blurred.
Focus plane = 10.0 m
Focus plane is set using the 'Depth of field \Focus plane'
parameter.
Final Gather
Final Gather\Draft
Description: Render style intended for preliminary
rendering of models that are about 10 meters in size.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
minimum render quality settings, but takes into account size
and overall illumination of the model. It allows for a quick
rendering while creating or editing a scene.
Accurate lighting = 10%, Model Size =10 m.
Accurate lighting is set by 'bounce and gather\ lighting,
accuracy' parameter; model size is set by 'bounce and gather\
Model Size' parameter.
Standard 10m
Description: Render style intended for preliminary
rendering.
Description: Render style intended for rendering of models
that are about 10 meters in size.
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Chapter 12 Rendering
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
medium render quality settings.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
medium render quality settings.
Accurate lighting = 40%, Model Size =10 m.
Accurate lighting = 40%, Model Size =50 m.
Accurate lighting is set by 'Bounce and gather\ Lighting,
Accuracy' parameter; model size is set by 'Bounce and
gather\ Model Size' parameter.
Accurate lighting is set by 'Bounce and gather\ Lighting,
Accuracy' parameter; model size is set by 'Bounce and
gather\ Model Size' parameter.
Standard 30m
Standard 100m
Description: Render style intended for rendering of models
that are about 30 meters in size.
Description: Render style intended for rendering of models
that are about 100 meters in size.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
medium render quality settings.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
medium render quality settings.
Accurate lighting = 40%, Model Size =30 m.
Accurate lighting = 40%, Model Size =100 m.
Accurate lighting is set by 'Bounce and gather\ Lighting,
Accuracy' parameter; model size is set by 'Bounce and
gather\ Model Size' parameter.
Accurate lighting is set by 'Bounce and gather\ Lighting,
Accuracy' parameter; model size is set by 'Bounce and
gather\ Model Size' parameter.
Standard 50m
Presentation 10m
Description: Render style intended for rendering of models
that are about 50 meters in size.
Description: Render style intended for rendering of models
that are about 10 meters in size.
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This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
high render quality.
White 0.5 klux
Accurate lighting = 80%, Model Size =10 m.
Accurate lighting is set by 'Bounce and gather\ Lighting,
Accuracy' parameter; model size is set by 'Bounce and
gather\ Model Size' parameter.
Ambient Occlusion
White 0.1 klux
Description: Render style intended for rendering of models
that are about 10 meters in size.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
medium render quality settings and ambient lighting effect.
Ambient lighting intensity = 0.5 Kilolux, Ambient lighting
color = White.
Description: Render style intended for rendering of models
that are about 10 meters in size.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
medium render quality settings and an ambient lighting
effect.
Lighting intensity is set by 'Ambient occlusion\Intensity'
parameter, color is set by 'Ambient occlusion\Colour"
parameter.
White 1.0 klux
Ambient lighting intensity = 0.1 Kilolux, Ambient lighting
color = White.
Lighting intensity is set by 'Ambient occlusion\Intensity'
parameter, color is set by 'Ambient occlusion\Colour"
parameter.
Description: Render style intended for rendering of models
that are about 10 meters in size.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
medium render quality settings and an ambient lighting
effect.
Ambient lighting intensity =1. 0 Kilolux, Ambient lighting
color = White.
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Chapter 12 Rendering
Lighting intensity is set by 'Ambient occlusion\Intensity'
parameter, color is set by 'Ambient occlusion\Colour"
parameter.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
medium render quality settings and an ambient lighting
effect.
Warm 0.1 klux
Ambient lighting intensity = 0.5 Kilolux, Ambient lighting
color temperature = 3000.0.
Lighting intensity is set by 'Ambient occlusion\Intensity'
parameter; color is set by 'Ambient occlusion\Colour
temperature” parameter.
Warm 1.0 klux
Description: Render style intended for rendering of models
that are about 10 meters in size.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
medium render quality settings and an ambient lighting
effect.
Ambient lighting intensity = 0.1 Kilolux, Ambient lighting
color temperature = 3000.0.
Description: Render style intended for rendering of models
that are about 10 meters in size.
Lighting intensity is set by 'Ambient occlusion\Intensity'
parameter; color is set by 'Ambient occlusion\Colour
temperature” parameter.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
medium render quality settings and an ambient lighting
effect.
Warm 0.5 klux
Ambient lighting intensity = 1.0 Kilolux, Ambient lighting
color temperature = 3000.0.
Lighting intensity is set by 'Ambient occlusion\Intensity'
parameter; color is set by 'Ambient occlusion\Colour
temperature” parameter.
Description: Render style intended for rendering of models
that are about 10 meters in size.
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Blue 0.1 klux
Lighting intensity is set by 'Ambient occlusion\Intensity'
parameter; color is set by 'Ambient occlusion\Colour
temperature” parameter.
Blue 1.0 klux
Description: Render style intended for rendering of models
that are about 10 meters in size.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
medium render quality settings and an ambient lighting
effect.
Ambient lighting intensity = 0.1 Kilolux, Ambient lighting
color temperature = 7500.0.
Lighting intensity is set by 'Ambient occlusion\Intensity'
parameter; color is set by 'Ambient occlusion\Colour
temperature” parameter.
Blue 0.5 klux
Description: Render style intended for rendering of models
that are about 10 meters in size.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
medium render quality settings and an ambient lighting
effect.
Ambient lighting intensity = 1.0 Kilolux, Ambient lighting
color temperature = 7500.0.
Lighting intensity is set by 'Ambient occlusion\Intensity'
parameter; color is set by 'Ambient occlusion\Colour
temperature” parameter.
Weather
Clear Sky
Description: Render style intended for rendering of models
that are about 10 meters in size.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
medium render quality settings and an ambient lighting
effect.
Ambient lighting intensity = 0.5 Kilolux, Ambient lighting
color temperature = 7500.0.
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Description: Render style intended to produce rendering
with a specified illumination.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 12 Rendering
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
minimum render quality settings with illumination level set
up under Tone Linear Ceiling to emulate a clear sky.
Night - Overcast
Cloudy
Description: Render style intended to produce rendering
with a specified illumination.
Description: Render style intended to produce rendering
with a specified illumination.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
minimum render quality settings with illumination level set
up under Tone Linear Ceiling to emulate a cloudy sky.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
minimum render quality settings with illumination level set
up under Tone Linear Ceiling to emulate night an overcast
sky.
Overcast
Hazy
Description: Render style intended to produce rendering
with a specified illumination.
Description: Render style intended to produce rendering
with a specified illumination.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
minimum render quality settings with illumination level set
up under Tone Linear Ceiling to emulate a hazy sky.
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This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
minimum render quality settings with illumination level set
up under Tone Linear Ceiling to emulate an overcast sky.
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Twilight - Clear
Twilight - Hazy
Description: Render style intended to produce rendering
with a specified illumination.
Description: Render style intended to produce rendering
with a specified illumination.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
minimum render quality settings with illumination level set
up under Tone Linear Ceiling to emulate twilight with a clear
sky.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
minimum render quality settings with illumination level set
up under Tone Linear Ceiling to emulate twilight with a hazy
sky.
Twilight - Cloudy
Twilight - Overcast
Description: Render style intended to produce rendering
with a specified illumination.
Description: Render style intended to produce rendering
with a specified illumination.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
minimum render quality settings with illumination level set
up under Tone Linear Ceiling to emulate twilight with a
cloudy sky.
This rendering style uses the Final Gather algorithm with
minimum render quality settings with illumination level set
up under Tone Linear Ceiling to emulate twilight with an
overcast sky.
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Ray Traced
No Reflectance
Preview
Description: Render style intended for preliminary
rendering.
This rendering style uses ray casting algorithm with
minimum render quality settings. It allows for a quick
rendering while creating or editing a scene.
No Transparency
Description: Render style intended for rendering without
regard for transparency.
This rendering style uses ray casting algorithm with
Transparency = Off. It allows for a quick preliminary
rendering for scenes that have a large number of transparent
materials of 'Glass' type.
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Description: Render style intended for rendering without
regard for reflectance.
This rendering style uses ray casting algorithm with
Reflectance = Off. It allows for a quick preliminary
rendering for scenes that have a large number of reflective
materials of 'Mirror' type.
\Standard
Description: Render style intended for medium render
quality renderings.
This rendering style uses ray casting algorithm with
optimum settings for time/render quality. It allows for a
quick rendering for the majority of scenes.
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Sketch
Color Contour
Cartoon
Description: Render style intended to create a cartoon
effect.
Description: Render style intended to create a colour
contour effect.
Gray Contour
Colour Wash
Description: Render style intended to create a colour wash
effect.
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Description: Render style intended to create a gray contour
effect.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 12 Rendering
Hand Drawn
Ink Print
Description: Render style intended to create a hand drawn
effect.
Description: Render style intended to create an ink print
effect.
Hatch
Lines and Colour Fill
Description: Render style intended to create a hatch effect.
Description: Render style intended to create a line and
colour fill effect.
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Mosaic
Oil Painting
Description: Render style intended to create a mosaic effect.
Description: Render style intended to create an oil painting
effect.
Lines and Shadow
Soft Pencil
Description: Render style intended to create a lines and
shadow effect.
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Description: Render style intended to create a soft pencil
effect.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 12 Rendering
Rough Pencil
NOTE: You can also create and manipulate lights, and group
lights into sets, via the Design Director. See "Design Director:
Lights" on page 132.
Creating Lights - Light Types
You can add lights to your model by using the Insert / Light
options, or by selecting View / Lights and clicking New. You
can place the light and define its direction (where applicable)
manually on the screen, or enter the coordinates.
You can display the Lights toolbar by right-clicking in any
toolbar area and selecting Lights.
Description: Render style intended to create a rough pencil
effect.
Stipple
NOTE: It is important to test changes made in lighting as you
proceed. Changing all of the light settings in one step can
create unexpected results.
Ambient Light
Provides light equally from all directions. Light from an
ambient source shines equally on all sides of an object. The
Position and Direction options are turned off because they
are irrelevant.
Description: Render style intended to create a stipple effect.
Lights
Creating realistic rendered views requires realistic light
effects. There are several types of lights you can create and
position, whose effects can be viewed while rendering.
The first time you render a model, you can choose to have a
set of default lights created. You can use these, modify them,
and/or add your own lights.
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Point Light
Headlight
Provides light from a selected position. Light from a point
source will illuminate each surface of an object depending
upon the position of the surface to the light. A surface
perpendicular to the light will receive more illumination than
a surface that is at an angle. A surface that faces away from
the point source will be dark.
Provides illumination from the camera position. In effect, a
headlight is a directional light that uses the camera position
as the directional point. As the camera moves, the direction
of the light source is updated.
Directional Light
Provides light that has a specific direction. The direction is
specified by an origin and a selected point. The length of the
directional light is infinite, and does not fade with distance.
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Spot Light
Provides directional light originating from a point and
constrained to a cone.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 12 Rendering
Sky Light
New: Click to add a new light. The Light Parameters
window appears, in which you can specify the light type and
parameters. For details on the parameters, see "Light
Properties" on page 516.
A directional light source that simulates outdoor sunlight.
Controlling Lights
Show All: Displays all light indicators.
Controlling lights is done via the Light Properties window,
opened by selecting View / Lights.
Hide All: Hides all light indicators.
Restore Defaults: Returns to the initial default light set.
New lights will be deleted, and modified lights will be reset
to their original settings.
Light Indicators
Each light has an indicator which can be displayed.
Indicators appear as 3D icons that indicate the defined light
color and brightness. The visibility of indicators can be set in
the Light Properties window.
In the example below, Light 1 is a Directional, Light 2 is a
Spot, Light 3 is Headlight, and Light 4 is Point.
Light tab: Shows all of the currently defined lights. An
initial list of default lights can be created when you first enter
draft or quality render mode. The
symbol indicates
whether the light is turned on. The
symbol indicates
whether the light indicator will be displayed. See "Light
Indicators" on page 515.
Edit: Click to open the Properties window for the selected
light. See "Editing Lights" on page 516.
When a light is on, the indicator will be dark. When the light
is off, the indicator will be light.
Delete: Deletes the selected light.
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Light indicators can be selected like any other 3D object.
Repositioning and rotating a light indicator will reset the
light properties. Light properties can be viewed and edited
by selecting the light indicator and opening the Properties
window.
Editing Lights
(N=R+G+B), then the actual value of the light power is
determined by the following expression (P*N/255) where P
is the power value set in the Power field.
TIP: Setting wattage values too high can cause objects to
have a washed-out appearance.
For every light in your model, you can edit its properties.
You can access the Properties window by double-clicking
the light indicator (see "Object Properties" on page 79) or by
selecting Lights and clicking Edit for the desired light.
Spot: Parameters that apply only to Spot lights - sources that
emit light constrained to a cone.
Three pages of a light’s properties are specific to lights:
Light, OpenGL Specific, and LightWorks Specific.
• Umbra: The angle of the dark center of the spot light.
Light Properties
Parameters of the light quality and location.
• Penumbra: The angle of the beam.
• Beam: The sharpness of the spotlight. A value of 0
means the light will be evenly dispersed. A higher
value means more light will be concentrated toward
the center of the beam.
Sky: Parameters that apply only to Sky lights.
• Light distribution: The level of sky clarity, ranging
from clear to overcast. For a clear sky, the brightest
part of the sky surrounds the sun. For an overcast sky,
the brightest part of the sky is straight up.
• Min Lod: Minimum level of detail for area source
decomposition. Usually this value is between 0.0 and
1.0, closer to 0.0, but values can be greater than 1.0 as
well. This parameter determines the initial sampling
for lighting calculation. If Min Lod is too low, shadow
boundaries may not be reproduced correctly. If it is too
high, rendering may take a long time. Practical values
are between 0.0 and 0.5.
Light Type: Type and color of the light, and whether it is on
or off.
Power: The intensity of the light, in watts. The higher the
setting, the brighter the light. This parameter is relevant only
for Radiosity rendering. The absolute values (0 through 255)
of the color components handled through the Color controls
determine the absolute value of the light power. For example,
if only the Red color is enabled and its color value is N
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• Max Lod: Maximum level of detail for area source
decomposition. This delimits the maximum amount of
work for any point being illuminated. If set to the same
value as Min Lod, calculations in regions of
rapidly-varying irradiance may fail. If Max Lod is
smaller than Min Lod, their values will be reversed.
• Temperature: The ambient temperature, in degrees K.
Used to set the sky color.
• Error bounds: When Max Lod is sufficiently larger
than Min Lod, the shader will perform adaptive
sampling, once its initial sampling is complete. The
Error bounds parameter then dictates the accuracy of
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 12 Rendering
the solution. An value of 0.1 means that the maximum
error associated with the illumination of a particular
point of interest is less than 10% of the energy
associated with the illumination arriving at the point.
Values much smaller than 0.1 are not unusual; the
default value (0.5) discourages adaptive sampling.
• Noise factor: You can add noise to provide patterns
which look naturally chaotic and noisy. A value of 0.0
means no noise; a value of 1.0 means maximum noise.
Specular: The quantity of specular light reflected by each
surface that is lit by the light. When specular light strikes a
surface, it reflects in only one direction. This makes the
surface appear as if it has a smooth, mirror-like finish.
WARNING: The Open GL settings are cumulative. When all
three light component values are set to the maximum, the light
source will generate three times the amount of light of a single
maximum setting.
Position: The location or origin of the light.
Direction: For lights with a specific orientation, these are
delta values in X, Y, and Z representing the directional
vector.
OpenGL Specific Properties
LightWorks Specific Properties
Parameters relevant for LightWorks rendering.
The LightWorks rendering engine creates views of high
quality, but view creation can take time.
Parameters relevant for OpenGL rendering.
The Open GL rendering engine creates views of lower
quality than the LightWorks engine, but at a higher speed.
Ambient: The amount of ambient light - light provided
equally from all directions.
Diffuse: The quantity of diffuse light reflected by each
surface that is lit by the light. When diffuse light strikes a
surface, it is reflected in every direction equally. This makes
the surface appear as if it has a rough or matte finish.
Fall Off: Relevant for Point and Spot light sources,
determines the way in which the light’s intensity is
attenuated as a function of the distance from the source. By
default this parameter is set to "No attenuation", i.e. light
intensity is constant. Other available fall-off types include:
• Natural Linear: 1/(d+1)
• Natural Quadratic: 1/(d*d+1)
• Linear: 1/d
• Quadratic: 1/d*d
Where d = the distance from the light source.
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Scattering: Creates the effect of light being scattered by a
foggy atmosphere.
Shadow: Controls shadow display. Increasing Resolution
enables you to smooth the shadow edges. You may get some
light and shadow effects by specifying Quality and Softness
parameters.
Luminance Properties
You can access luminance properties via the Properties
window of an object (see "Object Properties" on page 79), or
by using the Luminances Palette (see "Luminances Palette"
on page 521).
Light Sets
A light set is a group of lights, which can be handy if you
want to set identical parameters for multiple lights. Light sets
are created and manipulated in the Design Director. See
"Design Director: Lights" on page 132.
Luminance
Another way to add lights to your drawing is to assign
luminance properties to the entire mode, or to individual 3D
objects. Luminance is one or more lights attached directly to
objects, or to the overall WCS or UCS. Luminance differs
from lights (see "Lights" on page 513in that the range of
luminance effects is much larger than those available for
drawing lights.
Luminance properties are parameters of the LightWorks
rendering engine. An object’s luminance can be seen either
in Draft or Quality rendering, as long as an appropriate
LightWorks rendering mode is used.
Several luminances and categories are provided by default.
You can create a new luminance via the Luminances Editor
(see "Editing Luminances" on page 520).
NOTE: If you are specifying luminance for the overall drawing,
use the Render Scene Luminance. Drawing luminance can
be applied either to the WCS (World Coordinate System) or
UCS (User Coordinate System). See "WCS and UCS" on
page 105.
Category: Three categories are provided for you, but you
can create new ones.
• Single: Defines only one light type. See "Single
Luminance" on page 519.
• Complex: Defines two or more lights. See "Complex
Luminance" on page 520.
• Floresc Architec AV: A set of light types representing
realistic lights, based on *.ies files from Lithonia
Lighting. These files are stored in the
Luminance\Photometric\ies folder.
Luminance: This field depends on the category. See the
relevant section for details.
Edit Luminance: Opens the Luminance Editor. See
"Editing Luminances" on page 520.
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Load to render Luminance only: Check if you want to
view only the object lights, and not the object itself.
Simple Sky: A simplified sky shader which models the
illumination from a uniformly bright, single-color,
hemispherical dome representing the sky.
Sky: An area light that simulates sky light, providing soft
and natural shadows. This light is modeled as a hemisphere
of infinite radius, positioned above the center of the model.
Spot: Provides directional light that is constrained to a cone.
Sun: Projects a spot light from a very distant point, to
simulates outdoor sunlight. You can combine Sun and Sky
lights for a realistic rendering effect.
Single Luminance
Normal Render (Showing Object), and Load to Render
Luminance Only
Light Types
There are several types of lights you can use to define an
object’s luminance. Each type has relevant parameters such
as intensity, color, direction, and location.
Defines only one light. You can select one of the provided
luminances, or create a new luminance via the Luminance
Editor (see "Editing Luminances" on page 520).
Examples of Single Luminance light types are shown
below.
Ambient: Illuminates all surfaces equally, regardless of
orientation.
Area: Simulates a luminous surface.
Area Goniometric: Combines area and goniometric
shaders.
Area Sky: Similar to Sky, but models only sky light that
passes through portals, such as a window or door.
Spot Light
Distant: Light that is constant and parallel (non-conical).
Eye: A light source located at the view point.
Goniometric: Directional light, whose direction is specified
by an *.ies file (a text-based file). This luminance is useful
for creating lighting based on manufacturers’ lighting data,
such as room lights, building lights, and street lights.
Point: Light from a selected position.
Point Light
Projector: Projects a graphic image onto a solid object. An
image file with full path must be specified.
Simple Environment: A light shader that uses an
environment map to light a scene.
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.
Point and Two Spot Lights
Projector (Projects an Image)
Complex Luminance
Assign two or more lights. You can use one of the provided
defaults, or you can create a new luminance via the
Luminance Editor (see "Editing Luminances" on page
520). All lights types available for the Single category are
also available for Complex.
Editing Luminances
The Luminance Editor can also be accessed from the
Luminance page of an object’s Properties. You can also
access it from the Luminances Palette; select the item in the
palette, then right-click and select Edit Luminance. Or
double-right-click on the item, or click Edit Luminance.
Or you can select a luminance on the Luminances Palette,
right-click and select Edit Luminance.
Spot and Point Lights
.
Spot, Point, and Distant Lights
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To create a new luminance, click New Luminance. You can
also define a new category, or add a new luminance to an
existing category. Click Delete to delete a luminance or
category.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 12 Rendering
TIP: You can also create a subcategory within an existing
category. Click New Category, and use the format
“Category\Subcategory.”
Complex luminances can contain up to five light types; each
type is represented by a page on the Luminance Editor. For
each page, select the desired light type (see "Light Types" on
page 519), and edit its parameters as needed. The available
parameters depend on the selected light type.
In the Preview section, you can change the shape and
orientation of the preview object. Under Options, you can
toggle the display of the preview object or desk (the surface
below the object). If Auto Preview is checked, the preview
will update each time a change is made (otherwise you must
click the Preview button).
You can see the new desk and environment in the Preview
window.
Luminances Palette
Provides easy and fast access to object luminances.
Click Advanced to change the appearance of the preview
object or desk, or the background environment. You can also
change the rendering type and thumbnail size.
All luminances that have been defined are displayed here,
and can be assigned to objects and edited. Use the
Thumbnail controls to adjust how the items are displayed,
and use the Size slider to adjust the item size. Check Make
Undo to add luminance to the Undo / Redo history of the
model.
To apply a luminance to an object, first select the object.
Then double-click the palette item to apply it. You can also
right-click on a luminance and select Set Luminance.
To remove a luminance from an object, select the object.
Then in the palette, right-click and select Set None.
To find objects that have a specific luminance, select the
luminance in the palette, then click Select by Luminance.
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To find the luminance of an object, select the object and then
click Find Luminance of Selection.
To edit a luminance, select the item in the palette, then
right-click
and
select
Edit
Luminance.
Or
double-right-click on the item, or click Edit Luminance.
Materials
By applying materials to a 3D object, you can obtain a more
realistic view of the model during a render.
An object’s materials can be seen in Quality render mode,
and in certain types of Draft rendering.
Several materials and categories are provided by default.
You can create a new material via the Materials Editor (see
"Editing Materials" on page 523).
Material Properties
To switch the luminance display from thumbnails to list
format, click View Thumbnails and select a different view.
You can access material properties via the 3D page of an
object’s Properties window (see "Object Properties" on
page 79), or by using the Materials Palette.
You can hide or show the palette fields and toolbars by
clicking Show / Hide Options.
Loading and Saving Luminances
If you want to save luminance properties for future use,
select Options / Luminance / Save Luminances, or
right-click in the Luminances Palette and select Save
Luminances. Use the categories on the right side of the Save
window to specify which luminances you want to save.
Luminance data will be written to a *.dat file, located in the
Luminance folder.
Any new luminance you define will be automatically saved
in the TurboCAD file as well.
To load a luminance *.dat file, select Load Luminances
from the Options / Luminance menu, or from the local
menu of the palette.
Category: Groups of materials such as glass, metals, stone,
and wood.
Material: This field depends on the category. For example,
if the Category is Metals, the materials include brass, iron,
aluminum, etc.
Edit Material: Opens the Materials Editor. See "Editing
Materials" on page 523.
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Chapter 12 Rendering
Editing Materials
The Materials Editor can also be accessed from the 3D
page of an object’s Properties. You can also access it from
the Materials Palette; select the item in the palette, then
right-click and select Edit Materials. Or double-right-click
on the item, or click Edit Materials.
http://www3.turbocadcommunity.com/tiki-index.php?page=Lightworks
Another reference is the book Photorealism in TurboCAD Pro,
which is available at www.cadcourse.com.
In the Preview section, you can change the shape and
orientation of the preview object. Under Options, you can
toggle the display of the desk (the surface below the preview
object). If Auto Preview is checked, the preview will update
each time a change is made (otherwise you must click the
Preview button).
Click Advanced to change the material of the preview desk
or background environment. You can also change the
luminance, rendering type, and thumbnail size.
Each material has five categories of parameters you can set:
Pattern, Reflectance, Transparency, Texture and Wrapping.
Not all categories are used for each material, only those that
are relevant.
For more information on Materials
Luminances and all other LightWorks.
HDR, HDRI,
1.
Select a material in the Materials Palette
2.
Right click and select Edit Materials.
3.
When the Material Editor appears click the small green
help button. This will open the LightWorks help,
which is replete with details on functions and settings.
You can see the new desk and environment in the Preview
window.
NOTE: Materials in TurboCAD is a vast topic unto itself, and
cannot be covered fully here. The TurboCAD Community has
a web page where you can get much more information:
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You can also see approximately how the material will appear
on an object by entering a value into the Model Size field.
Simply specify a size that is close to the size of the object to
which you will be applying the material.
This pattern is defined by dimensions and colors specific to
bricks and mortar.
For granite, the pattern parameters are related to mineral
colors.
Alternately, you can use the selection arrow under the
preview.
This will show you exactly how the material will appear on
the selected object.
Warning: If the selection arrow is the specified option for the
preview object, and no object is selected, you will get a
warning that a preview cannot be generated. This will also
happen if the selection arrow is the default and you open the
Material editor with no object selected.
And for wood floors, the pattern parameters are for planks
and grooves.
Pattern
NOTE: TurboCAD has several defined patterns, but if you want
to apply your own image as a pattern, see "Wrapping an
Image" on page 527.
The first set of parameters in the Material Editor is for the
material’s pattern. For example, look at a Brick material. In
this example, the pattern is “Wrapped texture brick.”
Materials such as glass have no pattern; the pattern is defined
as “Plain.”
To see the entire list of available patterns, open the
drop-down menu. Each type of pattern has its own set of
unique parameters.
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Chapter 12 Rendering
Reflectance
Transparency
This category defines a material’s luster: its brightness,
polish, dullness, etc. For example, a brick’s reflectance is
“Matte” - it is flat and does not reflect light.
This category is relevant for transparent glass and plastic
materials. For example, “Eroded” transparency simulates a
bumpy or uneven glass surface.
Reflectance of most metals is “Conductor” - a set of
parameters designed to simulate how metals interact with
light.
Not all glass or plastic materials have Transparency defined.
For example, “Tinted Glass” is smooth, and its transparency
is actually defined as part of the “Glass” reflectance.
Glass has its own Reflectance settings.
This is a good example of how complex, and powerful, the
TurboCAD materials engine is. You can get similar results
by defining parameters in different categories.
Texture
Some stone materials have “Mirror” reflectance to simulate
shininess.
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This category enables you to make a surface appear rough or
bumpy. The rendering engine simulates shadows along the
surface to create the textured effect. For example, you can
define a Leather texture.
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“Ice” is defined with a rough texture.
You can also specify the axis along which the pattern will be
projected.
Wrapping
This category defines how a pattern or image wraps around
surfaces of a 3D object.
For materials, such as Granite, the wrapping is defined as
“None,” which pastes the pattern without distortion onto
faces along the three major planes.
Creating a New Material
You can create a new material in two ways: modifying an
existing material, or creating a new one from scratch.
Modifying an Existing Material
In this example, the cylinder has the material “Stones Granite Sierra” and the plate below is “Metals - Antique
Brass.”
The “UV” wrapping is similar to “None” except that you can
specify how the pattern is scaled.
1.
To create a new material from an existing material,
find the existing material in the Material Editor, Then
click New Material.
2.
Assign a name for the new material. It will be placed in
the same category as the original.
With “Auto Axis” the pattern is oriented according to the
WCS, regardless of where the faces of the 3D object are
located and oriented.
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Chapter 12 Rendering
3.
In the Pattern category, increase the Scale (which is the
size of the repeated image, in drawing units), and
change the various mineral colors.
This changes the plate surface to reflect the cylinder.
Wrapping an Image
This is the result - a larger scale granite with different
colors.
4.
For the plate, make a new material from the antique
brass.
5.
In the Reflectance category, increase the Mirror
Factor.
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If you have your own image you want to use as a material,
this is defined in the Pattern category. This example uses a
ceramic tile:
1.
In the Material Editor, click New Category.
2.
Assign the name “Tiles.”
3.
With “Tiles” as the category, click New Material.
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4.
Assign a material name. For the Pattern category,
select “Wrapped Image” and click the Browse icon
next to File name.
8.
The Wrapping here should be “Z plane” so that only
the top face of the plate will be covered.
Here is the result with “Auto Axis” applied to the
cylinder and “Z-plane” applied to the plate.
5.
For Reflectance, use “Matte” with a high Ambience
Factor.
6.
Use “Auto Axis” for Wrapping.
7.
This material is good for the cylinder, but the material
used for the plate should be slightly different. Use New
Material to create a copy of the tile material.
9.
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If you want to change the aspect ratio of the tiles on the
cylinder, switch to “UV” and increase the “U scale.”
This makes the cylinder’s tiles twice as wide, with the
same height.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 12 Rendering
Materials Palette
Provides easy and fast access to object materials.
To switch the luminance display from thumbnails to list
format, click View Thumbnails and select a different view.
You can hide or show the palette fields and toolbars by
clicking Show / Hide Options.
Right-click on the Material palette will open a local menu
that provides a wide array of options.
All materials that have been defined are displayed here, and
can be assigned to objects and edited. Use the Thumbnail
controls to adjust how the items are displayed, and use the
Size slider to adjust the item size.
To apply a material to an object, first select the object. Then
double-click the palette item to apply it. You can also
right-click on a material and select Set Material.
To remove a material from an object, select the object. Then
in the palette. right-click and select Set None.
To find objects that have a specific material, select the
material in the palette, then click Select by Material.
To find the material of an object, select the object and then
click Find Material of Selection.
Dragging and Dropping Materials
To edit a material, select the item in the palette, then
right-click and select Edit Material. Or double-right-click
on the item, or click Edit Material.
Another way to apply materials to object is to select a
material in the Material palette, then drag-and-drop it onto
the desired object.
Drag on Facet
Selecting the Drag on facet setting in the local menu of the
Material palette will allow you to drag a material to a single
facet of an object.
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Loading and Saving Materials
If you want to save luminance properties for future use,
select Save Materials, or right-click in the Materials Palette
and select Save Materials. Use the categories on the right
side of the Save window to specify which materials you want
to save. Material data will be written to a *.mat file, located
in the Materials folder.
Any new material you define will be automatically saved in
the TurboCAD file as well.
To load a materials *.mat file, select Load Materials from
the Options / Materials menu, or from the local menu of the
palette.
Environments
As part of the Drawing Setup, you can specify render
options that affect the appearance of the background and
foreground, as well as overall tone. These effects can be seen
only when using Quality render.
Render Scene Environment:
Background = Clouds, Foreground = Snow
Several environments and categories are provided by
default. You can create a new environment via the
Environments Editor (see "Editing Environments" on page
531).
Environments Properties
You can access environment properties via the Render
Scene Environment page of the Drawing Setup (Options /
Render Scene Environment), or by using the Environments
Palette (see "Environments Palette" on page 532).
Quality rendered view with no Environment
Category:
• Background: How the area behind the model appears,
such as graduated colors or clouds.
• Cubical Maps: Maps a photo image.
• Foreground: How the area in front of the model
appears, such as snow or fog.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 12 Rendering
• Images: Applies an image as the model background.
The graphic can be in *.bmp, *.jpg, *.tif, or *lwi
format.
TIP: You can also create a subcategory within an existing
category. Click New Category, and use the format
“Category\Subcategory.”
• Plain: Applies a plain color as the model background.
• Tone: Brightens the model or moves the perspective
up or down.
Environment: This field depends on the category. For
example, if the category is Plain, several colors will appear.
Edit Environment: Opens the Environments Editor. See
"Editing Environments" on page 531.
Each environment consists of four categories: Foreground
(fog, light scattering, etc.), Background (clouds, planes,
images, etc.), Tone (Brighten Up or Scale), and Global
Environment (Cube, Panorama, etc.). These categories are
found on the left side of the Render Scene Environment
Editor, and each has its own relevant parameters.
Editing Environments
Menu: Options / Environments / Edit Environment
The Render Scene Environment Editor can also be
accessed from the Render Scene Environment page of the
Drawing Setup. You can also access it from the
Environments Palette; select the item in the palette, then
right-click and select Edit Environments. Or
double-right-click on the item, or click Edit Environments.
In the example above, the environment Ground Fog has two
sets of parameters: Ground Fog (fog parameters) and
Graduated (top and bottom colors). Other environments
have different parameters.
If you switch to the background environment Clouds, you
can edit parameters for Clouds (color and scale of clouds).
To create a new environment, click New Environment. You
can also define a new category, or add a new environment to
an existing category. You can also click Delete to delete an
environment or category.
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For any environment you can add set of parameters to the
existing defaults. Highlight any None page and select a set
of parameters from the dropdown list. In this example, you
can add snow to a cloudy background.
You can see the new materials in the Preview window.
Environments Palette
Provides easy and fast access to environments
In the Preview section, you can change the shape and
orientation of the preview object and desk (the surface
beneath the object). Under Options, you can toggle the
display of the preview object or desk. If Auto Preview is
checked, the preview will update each time a change is made
(otherwise you must click the Preview button).
Click Advanced to change the material of the preview object
or desk. You can also change the luminance, rendering type,
and thumbnail size.
All environments that have been defined are displayed here,
and can be assigned to your drawing and/or edited. Use the
Thumbnail controls to adjust how the items are displayed,
and use the Size slider to adjust the item size. Check Make
Undo to add luminance to the Undo / Redo history of the
model.
To apply an environment to the drawing, double-click the
palette item to apply it. You can also right-click on a
luminance and select Set Environment.
To remove an environment from a drawing, right-click in the
palette and select Set None.
To find the environment of the drawing, click Find
Environment.
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Chapter 12 Rendering
To edit an environment, select the item in the palette, then
right-click and select Edit Environment. Or
double-right-click on the item, or click Edit Environment.
Render Styles Palette
Provides easy and fast access to render styles.
To switch the environment display from thumbnails to list
format, click View Thumbnails and select a different view.
You can hide or show the palette fields and toolbars by
clicking Show / Hide Options.
Loading and Saving Environments
If you want to save environments for future use, select Save
Environments, or right-click in the Environments Palette
and select Save Environments. Use the categories on the
right side of the Save window to specify which environments
you want to save. Environment data will be written to a *.dat
file, located in the RenderSceneEnv folder.
Any new environment you define will be automatically
saved in the TurboCAD file as well.
To load an environment *.dat file, select Load
Environments from the Options / Environments menu, or
from the local menu of the palette.
All render styles that have been defined are displayed here,
and can be assigned to objects and edited. Use the
Thumbnail controls to adjust how the items are displayed,
and use the Size slider to adjust the item size. Check Make
Undo to add luminance to the Undo / Redo history of the
model.
To apply a render style double-click the palette item. You can
also right-click on a material and select Set Render Style.
To deselect all the render styles, in the palette. right-click and
select Set None.
To the find the current render style click Find Render Style.
To edit a render style, select the item in the palette, then
right-click and select Edit Render Style, or click Edit
Render Style.
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To switch the render style display from thumbnails to list
format, click View Thumbnails and select a different view.
You can hide or show the palette fields and toolbars by
clicking Show / Hide Options.
Loading and Saving Render Styles
If you want to save Render Style properties for future use,
select Save Render Styles, or right-click in the Render
Styles Palette and select Save Render Styles. Use the
categories on the right side of the Save window to specify
which render styles you want to save. Render style data will
be written to a *.dat file, located in the Render Styles folder.
Any new render style you define will be automatically saved
in the TurboCAD file as well.
Right-click on the Render Style palette will open a local
menu that provides a wide array of options.
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To load a render style *.dat file, select Load Render Styles
from the Render Styles menu, or from the local menu of the
palette.
For updates and additional information,
13 Architecture Tools
TurboCAD provides specialized tools for architectural
drawings, allowing you to quickly create and edit walls,
window and door openings, and roofs.
Wall Properties
Options for wall alignment, thickness, end caps, and
direction.
You can display the Architecture toolbar by right-clicking
in any toolbar area and selecting Architecture.
NOTE: The Tools / Architecture menu also contains Makers.
See "Drawing Markers" on page 354.
NOTE: To get started quickly with architectural tools try using
the Architectural template. It has many of the features and
settings for Architectural objects and styles preset.
Wall Tools
The Wall tools help you quickly work out a wall design, by
creating smart objects. Walls heal at intersections, and they
can take block insertions that automatically align correctly.
The typical sequence to create a floor plan starts with a wall
layout. When the walls have been drawn, insert doors,
windows and/or openings. After that, you can adjust the wall
layout by moving or rotating any wall. When you adjust a
wall, the walls that are attached to it will adjust to it. Any
inserted doors, windows, and openings also adjust.
Thickness: The thickness of the wall (distance between the
double lines).
Height: The vertical height of the wall.
Autocleanup: This option sets whether the wall will
automatically cleanup (heal) at intersection with other walls.
This can be useful if you want to show the overlap between
walls.
Reference: Choose whether to draw the wall by its center,
left side, right side, or Base line. Right and left sides are
determined by “facing” toward the start point. This setting
affects how the object is snapped, and where the nodes are
located (for the Edit Tool).
End Caps: Check Show Miter to close the ends of a wall.
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Show Direction: Displays a wall’s direction, from its start
point to its end point. This is useful when defining end caps,
and when assigning materials to different sides of the wall.
In this example, the walls were created in the order shown.
The Right sides of the walls have a brick material, and the
Left sides have a grid pattern.
NOTE: The location of the directional arrow depends on which
Reference option was used (Left, Right, or Center.)
Wall Side
Enables you to assign different materials to either side of a
wall. The wall must have height, which is defined by
entering a Thickness value in the 3D page of the wall’s
Properties.
Inserting Walls
Creates segments of double lines that represent wall layouts.
The difference between this tool and the Double Line tools
is that walls automatically heal at corners and intersections.
In addition, you can attach walls to existing walls which will
also heal.
Side: Left and Right depend on the wall’s direction,
assuming you are standing at the start point and facing the
end point. To show the directional arrow, check Show
Direction on the Wall page of the Properties.
1.
Select two points to draw the first wall segment.
For details on materials, see "Materials" on page 522.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
Linking and Healing
TIP: Use Shift to activate Ortho mode if you want to draw
horizontal and vertical walls.
2.
Select the endpoint for the next wall segment. The
corner is automatically healed; no intersection lines
are shown.
Walls have two aspects which define how they interact with
one another: Linking and Healing. Linking means that walls
are associative (attached). If you move or modify a wall,
walls that are linked to it will modify themselves to remain
attached. Healing means that the intersection of walls is
cleaned to show a joint without overlapping elements.
Attaching Walls
Any wall you add to an existing wall will be automatically
healed at their intersections.
3.
Select more wall endpoints as needed.
4.
To add a circular wall segment, select Arc Wall from
the local menu or Inspector Bar.
5.
To create the arc segment, first select the endpoint,
then select a point along the circumference.
6.
1.
Click inside an existing wall at the point where you
want to add another wall.
2.
Select segment endpoints.
3.
If you extend a segment to an existing wall, this
intersection will be healed as well.
4.
If you extend a segment using the T-Meet tool or Meet
2 Lines tool into an existing wall, this intersection will
be healed and linked.
To return to linear walls, turn off Arc Wall. Continue
selecting wall endpoints. Select Finish from the local
menu or Inspector Bar. If you want to close the wall,
select Close from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
Link Wall Segments
Any wall segment can be deleted or moved like any other
object.
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The Link Wall Segments (local menu) option controls
whether walls become linked as they are drawn. It is on by
default, but If it is turned off walls will not become linked.
You can tell if a wall is linked by selecting it. Any other
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segments linked to that wall will be highlighted. Since walls
automatically linked when you draw then in proximity this
option can be useful for drawing a wall close to another wall
without having them link. For example, this can be useful for
drawing cubicle walls in an office setting.
In addition to the walls you selected, adjacent walls are
marked in blue, so that you will see all affected walls
before performing the edit.
2.
Use the Select Edit tools to move, rotate, or scale the
selected wall or walls.
Drop Link between Wall Segments
You can break the link between any two walls segments.
1.
Select the two segments
2.
Right click to open the local menu and select Drop
Link.
Moving Walls
To move a single wall, select it as you would any other object
and use the Select Edit tools to move, scale, or rotate it. (See
"Select Edit" on page 198.)
The affected walls extend or shrink to meet the new
walls, but their orientation does not change. If the
walls contain inserted windows, door, or other blocks
or openings, they will adjust as well.
Moving a wall will affect its adjacent walls.
1.
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In Select mode, select the wall you want to move. To
select multiple walls, use Shift or drag a selection
window.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
Splitting and Joining Walls
1.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Select the two segments you want to join. The walls
are combined into one wall.
Editing Walls
Splits a wall into two separate walls, and joins split walls into
one wall. This tool works on straight walls only, not curved
walls.
The Edit Tool can be used to move or resize walls.
To use the Split tool:
1.
Select the wall you want to split.
2.
Position the cursor where you want to split the wall,
and click to split.
3.
NOTE: For details on this tool, see "Edit Tool" on page 219.
1.
This example shows a set of walls with one arc
segment. Activate the Edit Tool and click the segment
you want to change.
2.
Select Edit Nodes.
Because walls automatically heal, you will not be able
to see the split (unless you use end caps). If you select
one of the walls, you can see that the original wall was
split.
To use the Join tool:
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3.
With this options, you can move the node at either end.
If you click and drag the arrow, you are constrained to
the line of the wall.
4.
If you click and drag a node, you can move it
anywhere.
5.
Switch to Edit Segments.
6.
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7.
You can also change arc segments with the Edit Tool.
8.
With Edit Segments, the arc center stays the same and
the arc radius changes.
9.
With Edit Nodes, the arc endpoints stay the same.
Now you can move the entire wall, constrained to its
current orientation
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
Wall Dimension
2.
Create the object you want to use as a modifier. Be sure
that the object meets or extends past the wall ends.
3.
Activate Add Top Wall Modifier, select the wall to
modify, and select the 2D modifier. The wall is
trimmed or extended to meet the modifier.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Specialized architectural dimensioning tool for walls. This
tool is used in conjunction with the Style Manager. See
"AEC Dimension Styles" on page 599.
Add Top Wall Modifiers
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Enables you to change the top height of a wall by trimming
or extending it to a single-line object.
The object can be a line, arc, or polyline. It must be at least
as long as the wall, and cannot extend below the bottom of
the wall. In addition, it must lie in the same workplane as the
wall.
The results may be easier to see in Hidden Line mode.
NOTE: The way to assign height to a wall is to open its
Properties to the 3D page and enter a Height.
1.
Set the workplane to the wall you want to modify. The
easiest tool is By Facet.
NOTE: If the modifier length is insufficient, you can edit it. The
modifier will be applied once it reaches the required length.
If you add another Top modifier, it will cancel the effect of
the previous one.
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Add Bottom Wall Modifiers
2.
Create the object you want to use as a modifier. Be sure
that the object meets or extends past the wall ends.
3.
Activate Add Bottom Wall Modifier, select the wall
to modify, and select the 2D modifier. The wall is
trimmed or extended to meet the modifier.
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
Enables you to change the bottom height of a wall by
trimming or extending it to a single-line object.
The object can be a line, arc, or polyline. It must be at least
as long as the wall, and cannot extend below the bottom of
the wall. In addition, it must lie in the same workplane as the
wall.
NOTE: The way to assign height to a wall is to open its
Properties to the 3D page and enter a Height.
1.
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Set the workplane to the wall you want to modify. The
easiest tool is By Facet.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
The results may be easier to see in Hidden Line mode.
2.
Select the wall you want to modify..
3.
Select the roof to which you want the wall to extend.
NOTE: If the modifier length is insufficient, you can edit it. The
modifier will be applied once it reaches the required length.
If you add another Bottom modifier, it will cancel the effect
of the previous one.
You can use Top and Bottom modifiers on the same wall.
Roof Wall Modifier
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Enables you to extend the Top height of a wall to meet the
roof. This is especially important if you have edited the
Slope angle of a roof so that you have an open gable end.
NOTE: The way to assign height to a wall is to open its
Properties to the 3D page and enter a Height.
1.
The wall will now extend to the roof.
Top Wall Modifiers will override Roof Wall Modifiers, and
Roof Wall Modifiers will override Top Wall Modifiers, but
you can use Bottom Wall Modifiers, in conjunction with
Roof Wall Modifiers.
Select the Roof Wall Modifier tool.
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Convert to Wall
Inserting 2D Blocks in Walls
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
When a 2D block is inserted into a wall, it rotates to align
itself with the wall. The direction of the rotation depends
upon the direction in which the wall was drawn; the top of
the block will align to the right side of the selected wall. (The
right side is determined by facing the wall’s start point from
the end point.)
Converts single-line objects into walls. This is useful for
creating curved walls.
1.
Select the object to convert. You can select lines, arcs,
circles, polylines, etc. Multiple objects can be selected.
NOTE: This method of inserting blocks applies to 2D blocks,
and 2D (plan) representation of walls. To create walls and
doors that you can see in 2D as well as 3D, see "Openings"
on page 548.
1.
2.
Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
The wall is created with the default thickness, but you
can modify its Properties,
Create the 2D representation of the desired insertion
(door, window, etc.). Create a block from these
objects. You can do this by selecting the objects and
dragging them into the Blocks Palette, or by selecting
Format / Create Block.
For more information on blocks, see "Blocks" on page
291.
2.
NOTE: The way the wall is created in relation to the original
object depends on the Reference parameter in the Wall page
of the Properties window.
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Drag the block from the Blocks Palette onto the wall at
the point where you want to insert it. The block will
automatically align itself with the wall, and a cutout
will be created.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
3.
Activate Add Roof, and trace the outline of the roof.
Roofs
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
You can easily add and modify roofs to a building. The roof
slope can be constant or you can change the slopes of
individual roof faces.
With each corner point you select, the roof adjusts to
create a closed form. .
Add Roof
Creates a roof with a constant slope angle.
1.
Create the walls of the building. If you do not use the
Wall tools, you can use any 3D shape, or even a 2D
outline.
4.
After you select the last point, select Finish from the
local menu or Inspector Bar. The ridge and valley lines
are calculated to maintain a constant slope angle.
NOTE: If you use the Wall tool, you can give the walls height
by entering a Thickness in the 3D page of the walls’
Properties.
2.
If necessary, bring the workplane to the correct level.
You can use By Facet to set the workplane to the top of
the walls.
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Rotate the view to see the roof.
NOTE: This parameter changes the slope of the entire roof. To
change the slope of one facet, use the Edit Slope Angle tool.
Overhang: The distance the roof extends past the defined
roof outline.
Roof Properties
Thickness, slope angle, and overhang length of the roof.
The Roof Components properties allow for the setting of
different Materials to each component of the roof. The
components available are as Top, Bottom, Gable and Fascia
Thickness: The thickness of the roof.
Slope Angle: The higher the angle, the steeper the roof
slope.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
Add Roof by Walls
1.
Select the roof face whose slope you want to change.
2.
Enter the new slope angle in the Inspector Bar.
Creates a wall defined by a series of walls.
1.
Start with a closed chain of walls, and activate Add
Roof by Walls.
2.
In the Properties, set the Slope Angle and Overhang.
3.
Press Shift and select all walls in the chain.
Windows and Doors
4.
Select Finish to create the roof.
These two architectural tools enable you to insert “smart”
windows and doors into walls. Large libraries for doors and
windows are available, and all features and dimensions can
be specified.
The expanded library of windows and doors is available in
TurboCAD Platinum only.
Window
Inserts “smart” windows into walls.
Edit Slope Angle
Before inserting windows, you first need to use the Style
Manager to define window styles. For the entire process of
creating windows, see "Window Styles" on page 571.
For the various types of windows you can insert, see
"Window Types" on page 575.
Changes the slope of individual roof faces.
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1.
Select the tool and hover over a wall.
2.
Click on the wall to insert the window.
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You can use snaps to exactly place the window. You will also
be shown dynamic dimensions when you are inserting the
window that indicate the windows distance from the two
nearest walls.
Dynamic dimensions will also appear when you use the Edit
tool on windows.
Door
You can use snaps to exactly place the door. You will also be
shown dynamic dimensions when you are inserting the
window that indicate the doors distance from the two nearest
walls.
Dynamic dimensions will also appear when you use the Edit
tool on doors.
Openings
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Enables you to insert a 2D / 3D opening into a wall,
representing a window, door, etc.
Inserts “smart” doors into walls.
Before inserting doors, you first need to use the Style
Manager to define door styles. For the entire process of
creating doors, see "Door Styles" on page 579.
For the various types of windows you can insert, see "Door
Types" on page 582.
1.
Select the tool and hover over a wall.
2.
Click on the wall to insert the door.
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NOTE: To insert actual “smart” windows and doors, see
"Windows and Doors" on page 547
In this tool, each opening is represented by two blocks - a 2D
and 3D view, so that the block can be seen in both
orthographic and isometric views. The blocks must be
created in advance before they can be inserted into a wall.
See "Creating a Block" on page 291.
The blocks do not have to be the same thickness as the walls
they will be inserted into.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
Opening Properties
Insert Opening
Before an opening can be inserted, you must select the 2D
and 3D blocks (previously created) that will be used to
represent it. This is done in the Properties window - opened
by right-clicking on the Insert Opening icon.
In this example, the opening has the following properties:
• For 2D representation: a block consisting of three lines
• For 3D representation: a block consisting of an arched
doorway, created by making a polyline (see "Polyline"
on page 138) and extruding it (see "Simple Extrude"
on page 390).
2D/3D representation: The blocks that will be used to
represent the opening. The 2D block will be used in plan
views; the 3D block will be used in all other views.
2D/3D preview: The preview is displayed on the left side of
the window, so that you can verify the selected block is
correct.
Position / Height: The distance from the workplane where
the opening will be inserted. This is useful for windows that
need to be located a certain height from the floor.
TIP: If you want to create and save more than one type of
opening, create separate styles (accessed from the General
page of the Properties window). This way you will not have to
recreate properties of openings you have already inserted.
See "Property Value Presets" on page 84.
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• A value was assigned for Height, so that the block will
be inserted above the floor.
Remember, the blocks have to be created in advance, and are
assigned to the opening in the Opening Properties.
1.
If necessary, change the workplane back to By World.
You may have changed the workplane while creating
one of the blocks, but the workplane must be along the
bottom of the walls.
2.
Activate Insert Opening, and make sure Anchor to
Wall is selected. (Anchor to Roof is similar, except
that openings will tilt themselves to fit along a sloped
roof.)
3.
Drag the opening to one of the walls. The block is
dragged by its reference point, which can be changed if
needed. See "Relocating a Block Reference Point" on
page 295.
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The block aligns itself to the wall, and cuts the
opening.
4.
If you assign the 3D block a material such as glass (in the 3D
page of its Properties), and assign a brick material for the
walls, you can see the results in render mode.
Drag more blocks onto the walls. The block will
change its alignment to fit any wall.
Edit Opening Modifier
By default, when using the Insert Opening tool, an opening
is inserted into a wall by creating a rectangular cutout, even
when the block is not rectangular, as in the case of an arched
doorway or a circular window.
NOTE: This tool only creates rectangular cutouts, even if the
block is non-rectangular. You can change this by modifying
the block. See "Edit Opening Modifier" on page 550.
In Plan view, the openings are represented by the 2D
block.
For non-rectangular openings, you can apply a modifier that
will define the shape of the cutout.
1.
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In the Blocks Palette, select the 3D block whose cutout
you want to modify, and click Edit Contents.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
2.
Create the closed, 2D object you want to use as the
cutout. Change the workplane if necessary. In this
example, a polyline was added to the door face - an
exact trace of the doorway shape.
Slabs
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
You can add a slab by clicking inside a room of closed walls,
or by selecting a closed polyline. You can also created holes
in slabs.
Before creating slabs, you should define slab styles. See
"Slab Styles" on page 597.
Add Slab by Click
3.
Activate Edit Opening Modifier. If a modifier was
previously defined, it will be highlighted.
4.
Select the object to be used as the modifier.
5.
Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
6.
In the Blocks Palette, click Finish Edit Content
Creates a slab in a room, defined by a closed set of walls.
1.
Start with a set of closed walls.
2.
Open the tool’s Properties and define the slab style on
the General page. See "Slab Styles" on page 597. You
can also change a slab’s style using the Selection Info
palette.
3.
Activate Add Slab by Click and click anywhere inside
the room.
The openings now show the revised cutout shape.
NOTE: If you want to continue adding more openings, you will
have to change the workplane back to Workplane by World.
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The slab is created inside the room, between the walls.
Convert to Slab
Creates a slab inside a closed curve (rectangle, circle, etc.) or
polyline. The curves or polylines can be created using double
line tools.
4.
You can also specify to offset the slab from the walls
by using the Offset field in the Inspector bar.
5.
The thickness and area of the slab are listed in the
Selection Info palette.
1.
Start with a closed curve or polyline. This example
uses a polyline created with Double Line Polyline.
2.
Open the tool’s Properties and define the slab style on
the General page. See "Slab Styles" on page 597. You
can also change a slab’s style using the Selection Info
palette.
3.
Activate Convert to Slab and click the polyline. The
slab is created inside the polyline.
4.
To create walls from the double lines, you can use
Convert to Wall (see "Convert to Wall" on page 544).
Local Menu Option
Use Wall Thickness: This option can be useful using walls
with different widths. If this option is selected, the offset
value for each side of the slab will be calculated separately
as offset = offset*wall_width In this case offset value is
dimensionless quantity and acts as a multiplier of the wall
width. I
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
Add Hole
3.
Select Finish from the Inspector Bar or local menu.
The material inside the hole objects is removed.
Creates holes in a slab, defined by closed curves or polylines.
1.
Start with a slab, and use one or more polylines or
curves (rectangles, circles, etc.) to define the holes.
In the Selection Info palette, Area - Gross represents
the area of the slab not including hole removal. Area Net is the total area, with holes removed.
2.
Activate Add Hole and click the slab on which you
want to create holes. Then click the object representing
the hole. If you want to create multiple holes, press
Shift and click all of the hole objects.
Delete Hole
Removes holes already defined in a slab.
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1.
2.
Start with a slab that has one or more holes defined.
Activate Delete Hole and click the slab. Then click the
object or objects whose hole you want to remove. If
you want to remove more than one hole, press Shift
and click multiple objects.
Stair Properties
The Stair page of the Properties contains parameters for
defining the size of treads and risers.
Select Finish from the Inspector Bar or local menu.
The hole is removed.
Stair shape and Turn type: These vary depending on the
type of stair you are creating. These options are explained for
each stair type.
Base Width: The width of the stairs. You can define this
here, or when defining the stair geometry.
Tread depth: The horizontal depth of each step.
Riser height: The vertical height of each step.
Riser count: The number of stairs. You can define this here,
or when defining the stair geometry.
Stairs
These tools enable you to create four types of staircases:
straight, spiral, multi-landing, and U-shaped.
Available in TurboCAD Pro only. Spiral, Multi-Landing, and
U-Shaped stairs are Available in TurboCAD Platinum only.
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Terminate with: Defines what will appear at the top of the
stairs.
NOTE: Other stair properties, such as tread and riser
thickness, nosing length, and materials can be set using the
Style Manager. See "Stairs Styles" on page 602. Once you
have styles defined, you can set a stair’s style in the General
page of the Properties.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
Straight Stair
2.
Activate Multi Landing Stair and open the
Properties to the Stair page. This example shows 1/2
Landing. The remaining parameters control the
vertical and horizontal dimensions of each stair.
Inserts a straight line of stairs.
The first two clicks define the stair width, and the third
defines the length. After the stairs are created, you can use
the Properties to change the width, number of risers, etc.
Multi Landing Stair
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only.
NOTE: Other stair properties, such as tread and riser
thickness, nosing length, and materials can be set using the
Style Manager. See "Stairs Styles" on page 602. Once you
have styles defined, you can set a stair’s style in the General
page of the Properties.
3.
Creates two or more lines of stairs.
1.
For reference, it may be helpful to lay out the stairs
using lines in World Plan. In this example, the
right-most vertical line represents the width of the
stairs, and the other lines represent the path of the stair
case.
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The first two clicks define the width of the stairs, or
you can use the Inspector Bar. (If this value is different
than the Base Width set in the Properties, then Base
Width will be overridden. However, you can always
change this value later in the Properties.)
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4.
The next clicks, or values in the Inspector Bar, define
the path of the stairs. This example uses five segments.
5.
Select Finish to create the stairs. In World Plan, you
can see whether the number of stairs is correct. In this
example, there is one stair too many.
6.
To correct this, open the stair’s Properties and set the
correct Riser count.
7.
In Isometric view, this is the 1/2 Landing staircase.
The second, fourth, sixth, etc. segments of the stair
path are created as landings.
8.
For the other turn types, each segment is created as a
staircase. So start with a stair line like this, with fewer
segments.
9.
Select 1/4 Turn, and set the Riser Count to an
approximately accurate value (it can always be
corrected later).
Now the number is correct.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
10.
As before, set the width of the stairs.
11.
Then select the stair path.
This would be the result if you selected 1/4 Landing.
Each segment is a staircase, and square landings are
created between each segment.
Spiral Stair
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only.
12.
Select Finish, and adjust the Riser Count if necessary.
Creates a spiral staircase.
1.
Activate Spiral Stair and open the Properties to the
Stair page. This example will be Clockwise. The
remaining parameters control the vertical and
horizontal dimensions of each stair.
This is the 1/4 Turn staircase in Isometric view. There
are no landings; the stairs proceed along the turns.
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The spiral staircase is created.
NOTE: Other stair properties, such as tread and riser
thickness, nosing length, and materials can be set using the
Style Manager. See "Stairs Styles" on page 602. Once you
have styles defined, you can set a stair’s style in the General
page of the Properties.
2.
The next three clicks define the plan dimensions of the
stairs. The first sets the center, the second sets the
interior radius, and the third sets the exterior radius.
These values can also be set in the Inspector Bar.
The space between the interior and exterior radius is
the width of the stairs. If this value is different than the
Base Width set in the Properties, then Base Width
will be overridden. However, you can always change
this value later in the Properties.
3.
Next, set the angle from the circle center, where the
first stair will be.
This is the clockwise spiral staircase in Isometric view. The
height of the staircase is the Riser Count times Riser
Height, both of which can be adjusted in the Properties.
U-Shaped Stair
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only.
Creates a line of stairs that doubles back on itself.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
1.
Activate U-Shaped Stair and open the Properties to
the Stair page. This example will be Clockwise with a
1/2 Landing. The remaining parameters control the
vertical and horizontal dimensions of each stair.
The U-shaped staircase is created.
This is the clockwise staircase in Isometric view. The height
of the staircase is the Riser Count times Riser Height, both
of which can be adjusted in the Properties. Each stair run
has half the Riser Count, and a landing runs between them.
NOTE: Other stair properties, such as tread and riser
thickness, nosing length, and materials can be set using the
Style Manager. See "Stairs Styles" on page 602. Once you
have styles defined, you can set a stair’s style in the General
page of the Properties.
2.
The next three clicks define the plan dimensions of the
stairs. The first two clicks sets the stair width and
angle. The third click sets the offset - this is the
distance between the exterior edge of one stair run and
the interior edge of the other stair run. These values
can also be set in the Inspector Bar.
This would be the result if you selected 1/2 Turn. Each
segment is a staircase, and there are no landings. The
total number of risers is divided among the three sets
of stairs.
The space between the first two clicks is the width of
the stairs. If this value is different than the Base Width
set in the Properties, then Base Width will be
overridden. However, you can always change this
value later in the Properties.
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Editing Stairs
Terrain
The Edit Tool can be used to move or resize walls.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
1.
Creates a topographical terrain, represented by triangulated
network. You can create a terrain from scratch, or import
coordinates from a file.
This example shows a stair. Activate the Edit Tool and
click the stair you want to change.
2.
If you click and drag a node, you can move it
anywhere.
3.
The Inspector bar gives you the option to apply a
specific delta x and y for any selected node. It also
gives the ability to edit the Height of the stairs.
1.
Activate Terrain, and click points to define the outer
boundary (or enter coordinates in the Coordinate
Fields). As you click points, the surface triangulates.
2.
Continue defining the outer boundary.
Railings
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Inserts a linear railing or a railing along a staircase. This tool
works in conjunction with the Style Manager. See "Rail
Styles" on page 604.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
3.
Define interior points as well. Each point you define
will become a node you can edit. You do not need to
define all nodes now; you can add nodes later.
4.
Open the terrain’s Properties to the Landscape page.
Under Smooth, increase the Level.
5.
Activate the Edit Tool on the terrain. Each point you
defined when creating the terrain is represented as a
node.
NOTE: For details on this tool, see "Edit Tool" on page 219.
6.
If you want to add more nodes, right-click where you
want the new node and select Add Node.
This increases the level of triangulation, resulting in a
more accurate surface.
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7.
To modify the terrain, click a node and use the
Coordinate Fields to change its Z position. You can
also drag a node while in a Front or Side view.
Adjacent nodes will remain in place.
8.
You can also change the elevation of nodes along the
boundary.
9.
Switch to World Plan. This view shows the terrain as
a series of isolines, each labeled with its elevation.
10.
This makes the isoline display less dense.
11.
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In the Landscape page, change the Step. In this
example, an isoline will be displayed every 12 inches.
Uncheck Label.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
This removes the elevation value from each isoline.
Terrain Modifier
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
You can add or remove material from a terrain around a
closed, 2D profile.
12.
1.
Start with a terrain, and create a closed 2D shape, such
as a rectangle.
2.
In this example, the shape is placed vertically so that
part of it is below the terrain, and part of it is above.
3.
Activate Terrain Modifier, and select the terrain to
modify. Then select the closed shape. Material is
added or removed as needed to meet the shape.
Uncheck Visible.
This removes the isoline display.
If isolines are displayed, when you move out of World
Plan view, they will not be visible.
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4.
To slope the terrain around the modified shape, add an
Offset value.
For details on points, "Point" on page 137). To create the
terrain, first select the points, then activate Terrain from
selected Points.
Schedule
Inserts a schedule - a table detailing all selected windows and
doors. This tool works in conjunction with the Style
Manager. See "Schedule Styles" on page 592.
This is the result:
NOTE: The Fill Schedule Wizard is another way to add a
schedule, that scans for objects on specific layers. See "Fill
Schedule Wizard" on page 595.
Style Manager
The Style Manager enables you to define styles for the
following commonly-used objects:
Import Terrain
• Text
• Profiles (for modifying windows and doors)
• Windows
• Doors
Terrain data you can import must be listed in a .txt or .xyz
file. The format for each coordinate should be X, Y, and Z
values, separated by commas or spaces.
Activate Import Terrain, and define the original point. This
is where the center of the terrain will be placed. Then select
the data file.
Terrain from Selected Points
• Walls
• Schedules
• Slabs
• AEC Dimensions
• Dimensions
• Stairs
• Rails
• Tables
Creates a terrain from a set of selected points. The points
must all have the same Z coordinate.
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Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
You select assign a style to an object through the object
properties on the General page. Simply select the style in the
Style drop-down box at the bottom of the page.
Each category in the Style Manager contains one pre-defined
style, called “Standard.” For each of these s, you can define
relevant properties.
You can open the Style Manager by selecting View / Style
Manager Palette.
To create a new style, highlight a style you want to base the
new style on, and click Create New Style.
Once you have new style, there are icons at the top you can
use to Rename or Delete it.
The Delay Style Modification icon can be enabled if you
don’t want to update your style with each property change.
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In the Style Manager, there is one style, “Standard,”
listed under “Text styles.” This style defines properties
such as font and height. A preview showing a layout
the style is on the lowest pane.
If Delay Style Modification is enabled, you can view both
old and new properties in the lower pane. At the top is an
icon for updating the entire style at once, or for clearing
changes not yet implemented.
Savings as Templates
You can save styles in template files, so that you don’t have
to create styles from scratch each time. To do this, set up the
styles you want for doors, schedules, slabs, etc. Then use
File / Save As to save the file as a *.tct file (TurboCAD
Template). Place the template file in the “Template” folder of
the TurboCAD root directory. Then when you want to open
the template, use File / New, and select New from Template.
NOTE: This also applies to tool Properties; set the properties
you want, such as door dimensions or wall width and height,
and save them as part of the template file as well.
NOTE: In the Preview area, you can click to zoom part of the
graphic. Double-click to fit the graphic in the window.
1.
You can change the “Standard” style, but if you want to
preserve this style, make sure “Standard” is
highlighted and click Create New Style.
2.
Assign a name or accept the default.
Text Styles
The can be used to set various styles for text. For details on
creating text, see "Text" on page 325.
This creates a new style which is a copy of “Standard.”
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3.
Highlight the new style you created, and change some
of the parameters.
Profile Styles
Profiles are used to define custom shapes for doors, and
windows. Once you have created the profile, the profile is
selected as part of the window or door’s profile.
NOTE: If you want to save styles to a template, see "Savings
as Templates" on page 566.
The first example will show how to use a profile for a door
shape.
Example 1: Door Profile with One Boundary
1.
4.
To apply this style, open Properties of a text string to
the General page.
NOTE: If a text string already has other parameters defined,
such as color or a text box, these properties will remain. Only
the changed style parameters, such as font or height, will
update.
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Before creating the door, create a new door style. This
one is a double door with a rectangular shape.
NOTE: For details on door s, see "Door Styles" on page 579.
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2.
Create walls and insert the door. Use the door’s
Properties window to set the overall size and
elevation of the door.
6.
When you create a profile, you switch to Edit
Geometry mode, and anything you have in your file is
removed from view. Because you are creating a 2D
profile, switch to World Plan view.
7.
Use Polyline, Arc or Circle tools to create closed
curves for boundaries and holes. In this example, the
outer shape and the two rectangles were created using
Polyline. The circle was created using Circle Center
and Point.
This is the door that will be modified with a profile.
3.
First, look at the Delay Style Modification icon; if it is
enabled, you cannot create a new profile. Make sure
Delay Style Modification is off.
You can have one or more boundaries, but boundaries
cannot overlap. Holes must be entirely within a
boundary.
8.
4.
Highlight Profile styles and click Create New Style.
5.
Assign a name to the profile.
568
To define which curves will be used for boundaries,
select Edit Boundary Profile.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
9.
Click the boundary curve or curves, which turn blue
when selected.
14.
When the boundaries and holes are defined, click
Finish to Edit Geometry in the Style Manager.
The profile now appears in the Preview area of the
Style Manager. Boundary profiles are shown in blue,
holes are shown in red.
10.
Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
11.
To define which curves (if any) will be used for holes,
select Edit Hole Profiles.
12.
Click the hole curve or curves, which turn blue when
selected.
13.
Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
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15.
Now return to the door profile. Under Design, set the
Profile to the one you just created.
17.
You will return to Edit Geometry mode, where you
can make your changes. When you’re finished editing,
click Finish to Edit Geometry. The door or window
that uses the profile will update automatically.
Example 2: Window Profile with Multiple
Boundaries
The door outline changes to match the profile. The
hole profiles define the door glass, and these areas
have the material specified for Glass in the door style.
1.
In this example, create a new profile that will be used
in a window.
2.
This profile has three closed profiles, each created
using Polyline.
Hole profiles are not generally needed for windows,
since the boundary profiles define where the window
glass is. If you define holes in window profiles, holes
will be placed in the glass.
16.
570
If you want to make changes to the profile, highlight it
in the Style Manager, and then click Edit Content.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
3.
Now create a a window style that uses the profile. This
example uses a Picture window.
5.
To see what hole profiles would do, use Edit Content
edit the profile. Add another profile within one of the
boundaries. Use Tools / Architecture / Profile / Edit
Hole Profile to define the new curve as a hole. Then
click Finish to Edit Geometry.
The glass now has a hole where the new profile curve
was created.
4.
Use the window Properties to define overall
dimensions, and insert a window or two in a wall. Each
window consists of three parts, defined by the
boundary profiles.
Window Styles
The Window tool can be used to insert windows into walls,
but you need to first define window styles.
NOTE: If you want to save styles to a template, see "Savings
as Templates" on page 566.
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In the Style Manager, there is one style, “Standard,”
listed under “Windows.” A preview showing a
previous of the window style is on the lowest pane.
2.
Assign a name.
3.
There are three categories of properties. Open
Dimension, where you can specify measurements of
the frame, sash, and glass.
This creates a new style which is a copy of “Standard.”
• Auto Adjust to Width of Wall: Sets the depth of the
window so that it will cut all the way through the wall.
NOTE: In the Preview area, you can click to zoom part of the
graphic. Double-click to fit the graphic in the window.
1.
572
4.
Open Design, where you can specify the window type
(double hung, transom, etc.) and shape (rectangular,
arch, octagon, etc.). For a list of available window
types, see "Window Types" on page 575.
5.
You can also select, edit and create muntins. See
“Window Muntins” on page 577
You can change the “Standard” style, but if you want to
preserve this style, make sure “Standard” is
highlighted and click Create New Style.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
7.
Before creating any windows, you must have at least
one wall defined. See "Inserting Walls" on page 536To
assign height to a wall, define a Thickness in the 3D
page of the wall’s Properties.
8.
This is the icon for Window. Right-click on the icon to
set the tool’s Properties, and click the icon when
you’re ready to insert a window.
9.
Open the Window tool’s Properties. On the General
page, select the Window Style.
NOTE: Profile is used when you’ve created a profile for
changing the window shape, or for adding holes. See "Profile
Styles" on page 567.
6.
The last category is Materials, in which you can set
the materials of the frame, sash, and glass. If you leave
any material blank (such as the Sash Material below),
the object will be colored according to the Pen color
set in the window’s Properties.
To set or change a material, just click in the field. In the
Materials window that opens, select the Category and
Material.
NOTE: For details on materials, see "Materials" on page 522.
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10.
On the Window Main page, set the overall dimension
of the window. The preview at the lower left updates
when you change the values.
11.
On the Pen page, specify the color of the window. This
color will be applied to any part of the window that
does not have a material assignment.
12.
When all parameters are set, activate Window and
click the wall to place the windows. The wall material
within the window area is removed. No matter where
you click on the wall, the windows are placed
according to the Elevation value. In this example, the
sash is colored black, which is the default Pen color.
The frame and glass have the assigned materials.
13.
If you click another wall, the window properly aligns
to it.
• Width and Height: Overall outer dimensions of the
window.
• Inside/Outside of Frame: Specifies that the
dimensions of the window are applied by measuring to
the inside or outside of the window frame.
• Vertical alignment: Specifies whether the widows
vertical position is specified by the Sill Height, or the
Head of the window.
• Head Height: Specifies the vertical location of the top
of the window. This field is only accessible if the
vertical alignment option is set to Head of object.
• Sill Height: Specifies the vertical location of the sill of
the window. This field is only accessible if the vertical
alignment option is set to Sill of object.
• Rise: The distance from the top corner to the top
center, in the case of arched or peaked windows.
• Frame Inset: The distance from the front of the wall
to the window frame.
• Open Percent: Defines how wide the window is open.
• Leaf: in the case of uneven windows, the size of one of
the panes.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
14.
You can orient of the window to the wall by using the
Flip Left-Right, Flip Inside-Outside controls in the
Local menu, or Inspector bar.
Double Hung
In World Plan view, you can see how the windows cut
the walls.
Pass Through (no glass)
All parameters available on the Properties window,
including Window style, are also available on the
Selection Info palette. If you move a window, it will
remain within the plane of the wall.
Window Types
These are the standard window types available in the Design
category of the Style Manager.
NOTE: The expanded library of windows and doors is
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only.
Picture (does not open)
Single Hung
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Single Casement
Awning Transom
Double Casement
Hopper Transom
Glider
Single Hopper
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
Single Awning
Window Muntins
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
Window muntins are available in several patterns that you
can customize into many different styles:
• Rectangular
• Diamond
• Prairie 9 Lights
• Prairie 12 Lights
• Starburst
Vertical Pivot
• Sunburst
The Starburst and Sunburst patterns are combined
rounded/rectangular patterns with a half-round or a
quarter-round spoked top and can be used for half- and
quarter-round as well as rectangular muntins. The other
patterns are primarily rectangular but will fit into a
half-round.
Multiple muntin blocks can be assigned to each style. This
allows you to have different patterns of muntins for each
panel of glass, or to combine muntin patterns.
Horizontal Pivot
To setup muntins component please do the following:
1.
Open the Style Manager Palette.
2.
Navigate to the Window styles.
3.
Select the window style you wish to add muntins to.
4.
Expand the Design properties category and click
Muntins.
5.
The Muntins dialog will appear.
This dialog contains list of all muntins assigned to the
window style.
Uneven Single Hung, Uneven Double Hung: the two panes
have different heights.
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For example you can add muntins with Rectangular pattern
to the one door glass component and muntins with diamond
to other component.
5.
Add: displays the Muntins Block dialog where you can
define a name for the muntins block and it’s properties.
Muntins can be applied to All window glass
components, or to individual glass component pane.
If you specify a single panel you must specify the
number of the panel to be used. The number of the
panel corresponds to the order in which you selected
the hole profiles.
Edit: displays the Muntins Block dialog with properties for
the selected muntins.
Delete: Deletes the selected muntins block.
Disable Muntins: when ON – muntins are disabled.
1.
Open the Style Manager and select a door style you
wish to add muntins to.
2.
Expand the Design properties category and click
Muntins.
3.
The Muntins dialog will open.
4.
Click the Add button to open Muntins block dialog.
NOTE: If you cannot see the window because the preview is
rotated, click on the preview with the center mouse button
(wheel) hold and drag. This will rotate the preview.
6.
Define the muntins width and depth.
7.
Select the Rectangular in Pattern combo-box.
8.
Enter number of horizontal muntins lights in “Lights
High” edit box.
9.
Enter number of vertical muntins lights in “Lights
High” edit box.
10.
Click OK to close the Muntins Block dialog.
11.
Click OK to close Muntins dialog.
The Diamond Muntins pattern uses the same options as the
Rectangular pattern.
Prairie-9 Lights pattern, and the Prairie-12 Lights pattern use
two alternate options:
Edge X Offset and Edge Y Offset: these specify the
distance of the outer muntins from the panel edge.
The Starburst Muntins pattern has two additional options:
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
Spokes: which sets the number of spokes that radiate out
from the center to form the burst pattern.
Center: which sets whether the hub will be at the Top or
Bottom of the radial pattern.
The Sunburst Muntins pattern has two additional options.
NOTE: In the Preview area, you can click to zoom part of the
graphic. Double-click to fit the graphic in the window.
1.
You can change the “Standard” style, but if you want to
preserve this style, make sure “Standard” is
highlighted and click Create New Style.
2.
Assign a name.
Style: this sets the whether the center of the sunburst will be
an open circle or a closed disk.
Radius: this sets the radius for the center of the sunburst.
Door Styles
The Door tool can be used to insert doors into walls, but you
need to first define door styles.
NOTE: If you want to save styles to a template, see "Savings
as Templates" on page 566.
In the Style Manager, there is one style, “Standard,”
listed under “Door styles.” A preview showing a
previous of the door style is on the lowest pane.
This creates a new style which is a copy of “Standard.”
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3.
There are three categories of properties. Open
Dimension, where you can specify measurements of
the frame, stop, door panel, and glass.
6.
The last category is Materials, in which you can set
the materials of the frame, stop, panel, and glass. If you
leave any material blank (such as the Stop Material
below), the object will be colored according to the Pen
color set in the window’s Properties.
To set or change a material, just click in the field. In the
Materials window that opens, select the Category and
Material.
• Auto Adjust to Width of Wall: Sets the depth of the
door so that it will cut all the way through the wall.
4.
5.
Open Design, where you can specify the door type
(single, double, pocket, etc.) and shape (rectangular,
arch, half round, etc.). For a list of available door
types, see "Door Types" on page 582.
NOTE: For details on materials, see "Materials" on page 522.
Glass material will only be used if the door uses a profile that
includes holes. See "Profile Styles" on page 567.
You can also select, edit and create muntins. See “Door
Muntins” on page 584
NOTE: Profile is used when you’ve created a profile for
changing the door shape, or for adding holes. See "Profile
Styles" on page 567.
580
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
7.
Before creating any doors, you must have at least one
wall defined. See "Inserting Walls" on page 536To
assign height to a wall, define a Thickness in the 3D
page of the wall’s Properties.
8.
This is the icon for Door. Right-click on the icon to set
the tool’s Properties, and click the icon when you’re
ready to insert a door.
10.
On the Door Main page, set the overall dimension of
the door. The preview at the lower left updates when
you change the values.
• Width and Height: Overall outer dimensions of the
window.
9.
Open the Door tool’s Properties. On the General
page, select the Door Style.
• Inside/Outside of Frame: Specifies that the
dimensions of the window are applied by measuring to
the inside or outside of the window frame.
• Vertical alignment: Specifies whether the widows
vertical position is specified by the Threshold Height,
or the Head of the window.
• Head Height: Specifies the vertical location of the top
of the window. This field is only accessible if the
vertical alignment option is set to Head of object.
• Threshold Height: Specifies the vertical location of
the sill of the window. This field is only accessible if
the vertical alignment option is set to Threshold.
• Rise: The distance from the top corner to the top
center, in the case of arched or peaked windows.
• Frame Inset: The distance from the front of the wall
to the window frame.
• Elevation: The distance from the bottom of the wall to
the bottom of the window. This value is also available
on the Inspector Bar.
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• Open Percent: Defines how wide the window is open.
In World Plan view, you can see how the door cuts the
wall.
• Leaf: in the case of uneven doors, the size of one of the
panes.
11.
On the Pen page, specify the color of the door. This
color will be applied to any part of the door that does
not have a material assignment.
12.
When all parameters are set, click the wall to place the
door. The wall material within the door area is
removed. No matter where you click on the wall, the
door is placed according to the Elevation value. In this
example, the door stop is colored black, which is the
default Pen color. The frame and panel have the
assigned materials.
13.
You can orient of the window to the wall by using the
Flip Left-Right, Flip Inside-Outside controls in the
Local menu, or Inspector bar.
All parameters that available on the Properties
window, including Door style, are also available on
the Selection Info palette. If you move a door, it will
remain within the plane of the wall.
Door Types
These are the standard door types available in the Design
category of the Style Manager.
NOTE: The expanded library of windows and doors is
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only.
Single
582
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Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
Double
Double Opposing
Bifold
Bifold Double, Panel
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Pocket
Double Pocket
Sliding Double
Sliding Triple
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Overhead
Communicating
Revolving
Door Muntins
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
Door muntins can be applied only to doors with glass
components.
To make a door with glass components you must create
profile first (Style Manager | Profile Styles).
Pass Through (no panel)
As soon as you have profile style created, navigate to the
door styles, select the door style you wish add muntins to and
select the profile as door shape (Door Shape = Custom,
Profile = “Profile Style 1”)
Door muntins are available in several patterns that you can
customize into many different styles:
• Rectangular
• Diamond
• Prairie 9 Lights
• Prairie 12 Lights
Accordion
• Starburst
• Sunburst
The Starburst and Sunburst patterns are combined
rounded/rectangular patterns with a half-round or a
quarter-round spoked top and can be used for half- and
quarter-round as well as rectangular muntins. The other
patterns are primarily rectangular but will fit into a
half-round.
Multiple muntin blocks can be assigned to each style. This
allows you to have different patterns of muntins for each
panel of glass, or to combine muntin patterns.
584
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
To setup muntins component please do the following:
1.
Open the Style Manager Palette.
2.
Navigate to the Door styles.
3.
Select the door style you wish to add muntins to.
4.
Expand the Design properties category and click
Muntins.
5.
The Muntins dialog will appear.
5.
Muntins can be applied to All door glass components,
or to individual glass component pane.
This dialog contains list of all muntins assigned to the door
style.
For example you can add muntins with Rectangular pattern
to the one door glass component and muntins with diamond
to other component.
If you specify a single panel you must specify the
number of the panel to be used. The number of the
panel corresponds to the order in which you selected
the hole profiles.
NOTE: If you cannot see the door because the preview is
rotated, click on the preview with the center mouse button
(wheel) hold and drag. This will rotate the preview.
Add: displays the Muntins Block dialog where you can
define a name for the muntins block and it’s properties.
Edit: displays the Muntins Block dialog with properties for
the selected muntins.
6.
Define the muntins width and depth.
7.
Select the Rectangular in Pattern combo-box.
8.
Enter number of horizontal muntins lights in “Lights
High” edit box.
9.
Enter number of vertical muntins lights in “Lights
High” edit box.
10.
Click OK to close the Muntins Block dialog.
11.
Click OK to close Muntins dialog.
Delete: Deletes the selected muntins block.
Disable Muntins: when ON – muntins are disabled.
1.
Open the Style Manager and select a door style you
wish to add muntins to.
2.
Expand the Design properties category and click
Muntins.
3.
The Muntins dialog will open.
4.
Click the Add button to open Muntins block dialog.
The Diamond Muntins pattern uses the same options as the
Rectangular pattern.
Prairie-9 Lights pattern, and the Prairie-12 Lights pattern use
two alternate options:
Edge X Offset and Edge Y Offset: these specify the
distance of the outer muntins from the panel edge.
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The Starburst Muntins pattern has two additional options:
Spokes: which sets the number of spokes that radiate out
from the center to form the burst pattern.
Center: which sets whether the hub will be at the Top or
Bottom of the radial pattern.
The Sunburst Muntins pattern has two additional options.
Style: this sets the whether the center of the sunburst will be
an open circle or a closed disk.
Radius: this sets the radius for the center of the sunburst.
Custom Blocks for Windows and
Doors
Available in TurboCAD Platinum Only
Custom Block Dialog:
This functionality provides the means to attach one or
several blocks to window and doors to provide additional
geometry e.g. a window sill, door knob, shutters.
Disable Blocks: When ON - custom blocks are ignored.
You can attach custom block to entire window/door or to
different parts.
Edit: displays Custom Block dialog to edit selected custom
block
To make a door with components you must create the block
first. The block used for this must be composed only of ACIS
solids.
Remove: deletes selected custom block
Multiple muntin blocks can be assigned to each style. This
allows you to have different patterns of muntins for each
panel of glass, or to combine muntin patterns.
Add: displays Custom Block dialog to add new custom
block.
Blocks list: contains list of blocks attached to the window
style.
Custom Blocks Editor
To setup muntins component please do the following:
1.
Open the Style Manager Palette.
2.
Navigate to the Door or Window styles.
3.
Select the style you wish to add blocks to.
4.
Expand the Design properties category and click
Blocks.
5.
The Custom Blocks dialog will appear.
This dialog contains list of all blocks assigned to the door or
window style.
Block combo-box: Used for selecting the block (from the
list of blocks) that is attached to the window/door style.
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Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
Scale To Fix Controls Group
Width check box: when ON – block is scaled to fit
window/door width.
Example of use:
Height check box: when ON – block is scaled to fit
window/door height.
Create a block.
First, we create a geometry for our sill (just a box with
10x2x0.2 in size
Depth check box: when ON – block is scaled to fit
window/door depth.
Suppose you would like to create custom sill for our window
style.
Lock XY Ratio check box: works in combination with one
of the (Width, Height, and Depth) check boxes.
For example, when Width is ON and you click Lock XY
Ratio the block is scaled in a way to keep XY ratio.
Mirror In Controls
Mirror X check box: mirrors block relative X axis.
Mirror Y check box: mirrors block relative Y axis.
Mirror Z check box: mirrors block relative Z axis.
Insertion Point controls group
X: combo-box: Defines how block is attached relative to
window/door in X Axis (to Left Side, Center or Right Side)
Y: combo-box: Defines how block is attached relative to
window/door in Y Axis (to Back Side, Center or Front Side)
Z: combo-box: Defines how block is attached relative to
window/door in Z Axis (to Bottom Side, Center or Top Side)
X: Y: Z: edit boxes: define the offset from block origin point
NOTE: Block used for Custom Blocks must be composed of
ACIS solids. For best results align your block with the origin of
the drawing.
Component Controls Group
Make Block
Select the box and select Format | Create Block.
Frame Component:
Enter “Custom Sill” as the Block name and click OK.
• Outside – block is attached to entire window
• Inside - block is attached to inside frame
Window Component
• All – block is attached to all window component
• Single – block is attached to single window component
Materials Controls Group
These controls allow define material that will be used for this
custom block in render.
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Navigate to the style manager palette, select Standard
window style and click the Block property in the properties
of the window style.
Click the Block combo-box and select the desired block.
The Custom Block dialog opens. It contains a list of all the
blocks that are attached to the window style.
Click the Add button to add new block to the window style.
The Custom Block Editor dialog opens.
Right click on the preview pane to display pop-up menu and
select Isometric_SE item from it (to have better point of
view)
Now let’s adjust the block size and position.
Check Width check box (to scale the block width to the width
of window).
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Select Back from Y: combo-box (to place the block to back
side of window)
NOTE: If you want to save styles to a template, see “Saving
Styles as Templates” on page 501.
In the Style Manager, there is one style, “Standard,” listed
under “Wall Styles.” A preview showing a previous of the
Wall style is shown on the lowest pane of the palette.
1.
You can change the “Standard” style, but if you want to
preserve this style, make sure “Standard” is
highlighted and click Create New Style.
2.
Assign a name. This creates a new style which is a
copy of “Standard.”
Component Walls
Click OK.
Click OK again.
Now create a wall in drawing and insert a window (of
Standard style) into it.
Walls are composed of components with each component
representing a part of the walls geometry. By default every
Wall Style has at least one component of the “Standard” type.
Components are essentially long boxes defined by the
components properties.
To add components to a wall style
1.
Select that wall style in the Style Manager.
2.
Increase value in the Number of Components field to
the desired value.
To delete components from a wall style
Wall Styles
The Wall tool is used to insert Walls. Every wall is based
upon a defined Wall style created and managed in the Style
Manager.
1.
Select that wall style in the Style Manager.
2.
Decrease the value in the Number of Components field
to the desired value.
WARNING: Components are added sequentially to the Wall
style. If you increase the number of components the new
components will be added to the bottom of the list of
components. If you decrease the number of components the
components at the end of the list will be deleted. The best
practice is to add, build and complete each component in turn
before adding more.
Component Wall Properties
There are nine categories of wall properties. Several of them
have sub-properties:
Name: This property is used to specify the name of the
component
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Pen Color: This property is used to specify the Pen Color of
the component.
Width: These properties are used to specify the width of the
component.
Edge Offset: These properties are used to specify the
horizontal placement of the component.
Bottom Elevation: These properties are used to specify the
bottom of the component.
Top Elevation: These properties are used to specify the top
of the component.
Dimension: These properties are used to specify the width of
the component.
Brush: These properties are used to specify the brush style
of the component.
Width
The width of a wall is measured from the Edge Offset of the
wall. There are four Width properties that combine to set the
actual width of a component:
Width: this value sets base width value for the component.
Plus Wall Width: if this value is checked, the wall's
modified Width value will be added to the Component's
Width value to specify the total width of the component.
Operator: specifies how the Value will modify the wall's
Width (added, subtracted, multiplied, or divided) before it is
added to the components Width.
Value: this number is used to modify the wall's Width before
it is added to the component Width.
Component material: This property is used to specify the
material of the component.
NOTE: A wall's width is specified in the wall's properties
Component draw priority: This property is used to specify
how the component will interact and intersect with other
components and walls.
These for properties combine in the following pattern:
Direction
Walls have direction with a right and left side. Whether a side
is Left or Right depends on the wall's direction. To determine
side is by assuming you are standing at the start point wall
and facing the end point of the wall. Another way to visualize
In other words, if a wall is drawn from left to right, the side
toward the top of the screen is the left side of the wall, and
the side toward the bottom of the screen is the right side of
the wall. You can show a walls direction by checking the
Show Direction on the Wall page of the wall's properties.
Horizontal values use for defining components may have a
negative or positive value. The left side of the wall is the
positive direction, and the right side of the wall is the
negative direction.
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Actual Component Width = Width + (Wall Width <operator> Value) depending upon the operator selected. In other words:
Actual Component Width = Width + (Wall Width + Value) - if adding
Actual Component Width = Width + (Wall Width - Value) - if
subtracting
Actual Component Width = Width + (Wall Width * Value) - if
multiplying
Actual Component Width = Width + (Wall Width / Value) - if dividing
So, if the Width of the component is 2 feet, and the Width of
the wall is 1 foot, if the operator is Divide, and the Value is
set to 4, the components actual width will be 2.25 feet.) Or
2+(1/4).
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
Edge Offset
There are four Width properties that combine to set the Edge
Offset of a component: Offsets are measured from the
baseline of the wall. The baseline of a wall is indicated in the
Style Manager by the two blue nodes. The direction arrow of
always resides on the baseline.
Actual Offset = Edge Offset + (Wall Width <operator> Value) depending upon the operator selected. In other words:
Actual Offset = Edge Offset + (Wall Width + Value) - if adding
Actual Offset = Edge Offset + (Wall Width - Value) - if subtracting
Actual Offset = Edge Offset + (Wall Width * Value) - if multiplying
Actual Offset = Edge Offset + (Wall Width / Value) - if dividing
So, if the Edge Offset of the component is 4 inches, and the
Width of the wall is 6 inches, if the operator is Add, and the
Value is set to 4, the components actual offset will be 14
inches.) Or 4+(6+4).
Bottom Elevation
The Bottom Elevation is specified by two properties:
Offset: this value specifies the distance between the From
Elevation and the bottom of the component.
From Elevation: this setting provides four positions along
the wall height, from which the Offset can be measured.
• Wall Bottom — this is the absolute lowest point of the
wall as measured from the position of the wall on the Z
axis (Z location). It is normally the same as the
Baseline, but it may vary if a Wall Modifier has been
applied to the wall.
Edge Offset: this value sets base offset value for the
component.
Plus Wall Width: if this value is checked, the wall's
modified Width value will be added to the Component's
Edge Offset value to specify the total offset of the
component.
Operator: specifies how the Value will modify the wall's
Width (added, subtracted, multiplied, or divided) before it is
added to the components Edge Offset.
Value: this number is used to modify the wall's Width before
it is added to the component Edge Offset.
NOTE: A wall's width is specified in the wall's properties
• Wall Top — this is the absolute highest point of the
wall as measured from the position of the wall on the Z
axis (Z location). It is normally the same as the Base
Height, but it may vary if a Wall Modifier has been
applied to the wall.
• Base Height — this is the Height value specified in the
Wall's Height property.
• Baseline — this is the walls Z location, its position on
the Z axis
Top Elevation
The Bottom Elevation is specified by two properties:
Offset: this value specifies the distance between the From
Elevation and the top of the component.
From Elevation: this setting provides four positions along
the wall height, from which the Offset can be measured.
These properties combine in the following pattern:
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• Wall Bottom — this is the absolute lowest point of the
wall as measured from the position of the wall on the Z
axis (Z location). It is normally the same as the
Baseline, but it may vary if a Wall Modifier has been
applied to the wall.
• Wall Top — this is the absolute highest point of the
wall as measured from the position of the wall on the Z
axis (Z location). It is normally the same as the Base
Height, but it may vary if a Wall Modifier has been
applied to the wall.
• Base Height — this is the Height value specified in the
Wall's Height property.
NOTE: The Fill Schedule Wizard is another way to add a
schedule, that scans for objects on specific layers. See "Fill
Schedule Wizard" on page 595.
NOTE: If you want to save styles to a template, see "Savings
as Templates" on page 566.
1.
This example starts with a model that has walls and
slabs. There are two types of windows and three types
of doors.
• Baseline — this is the walls Z location, its position on
the Z axis
Dimension
Specifies how a components width is to be dimensioned with
an AEC dimension. This setting will only have an affect if
the Wall Width option in the AEC Dimension style is set to
Wall Components From Style.
The options are:
• From Left Side
• From Center
• From Right Side
Component Draw Priority
The Component Draw Priority is used to specify how
components will draw, heal and clean up with other
components and other walls. The following conditions apply
with the Component Draw Priority:
NOTE: For details on these components, see:
"Window" on page 547"Door" on page 548"Slabs" on page
551
• Components with the same Draw Priority will heal to
each other.
• Components with a lower value will pass through
components with a higher value.
• Draw Priority takes precedence over Draw order
Schedule Styles
The Schedule tool can be used to create a table in your file
detailing all selected walls, windows, doors, and/or slabs.
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In the Style Manager, there is one style, “Standard,”
listed under “Schedule styles.”
1.
You can change the “Standard” style, but if you want to
preserve this style, make sure “Standard” is
highlighted, then click Create New Style.
2.
Assign a name or accept the default.
3.
Highlight the new style, and open the General
category. This is where you can define the schedule
title.
4.
Default Format and Layout contain various options
for the text and cells in the table. Next to Applies To,
click the Value field to specify which components you
want to include in the schedule.
5.
To specify the columns, click the Value field next to
Columns.
This creates a new style which is a copy of “Standard.”
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6.
This opens a menu from which you can select the
schedule’s columns. To move a column up or down,
highlight it and click Move Up or Move Down. In this
example, Object Type was moved to the top of the list.
7.
If you want to change the name of a column, click its
name in the Heading field. In this example, “Area Left Gross” was changed to “Area.”
8.
Click OK to end the column definitions.
9.
This is the icon for Schedule. Right-click on the tool to
set the tool’s Properties
10.
Open the Schedule tool’s Properties to the General
page.
11.
Switch to World Plan view. Activate Schedule, and
click two corners to define the schedule’s width.
When first created, the schedule contains only the title
and column headers.
12.
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To build the schedule, select Add Object to Schedule.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
13.
First click the schedule you want to add to, then select
the windows and doors to include. Use Shift to select
multiple objects, or use a selection window.
Fill Schedule Wizard
The Fill Schedule Wizard enables you to scan your drawing
for objects to include in the schedule; you do not have to
select objects manually. The wizard scans for specific types
of objects on specific layers, which is useful for large
drawings which may have objects on invisible layers, or in
which slabs are not easy to select because of multiple floors.
14.
When finished, select Finish from the local menu or
Inspector Bar. The windows and doors appear in the
schedule.
15.
If you want to remove objects, use Remove Object
from Schedule. All schedule objects are highlighted;
select the windows and doors you want to remove.
Select Finish, and the objects are removed from the
schedule.
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1.
This examples uses a model that has walls and slabs.
There are two types of windows and three types of
doors.
2.
Use the Style Manager to create a schedule style (see
"Schedule Styles" on page 592).
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3.
To create the schedule with the new style, open the
Schedule tool’s Properties to the General page.
4.
Switch to World Plan view and use the Schedule tool
to place the schedule, by clicking two corner points.
5.
Select Fill Schedule Wizard.
6.
Click the schedule you want to fill.
7.
In the wizard, check the types of objects to include.
(The list that appears in the window depends on what
was defined as part of the schedule style.) Then click
Next.
8.
Select the layers you want to include in the scan, and
click Next.
NOTE: For details on layers, see "Layers" on page 116.
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The schedule is filled with all objects found on the
selected layers.
NOTE: In the Preview area, you can click to zoom part of the
graphic. Double-click to fit the graphic in the window.
1.
You can change the “Standard” style, but if you want to
preserve this style, make sure “Standard” is
highlighted and click Create New Style.
2.
Assign a name.
Slab Styles
Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
The Style Manager can be used to set various styles for slabs.
For details on creating slabs, see "Slabs" on page 551.
NOTE: If you want to save styles to a template, see "Savings
as Templates" on page 566.
In the Style Manager, there is one style, “Standard,”
listed under “Slab styles.” A preview showing a
previous of the slab style is on the lowest pane.
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This creates a new style which is a copy of “Standard.”
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By default, a slab consists of one component, for
which you can specify a name, thickness, offset, and
material.
offset of 2”, so that it will sit directly atop the concrete
slab. To define material, click inside the field, then
select a category and material.
NOTE: For details on materials, see "Materials" on page 522.
3.
4.
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In this example, there will be two components. Change
the number and press Enter, and an additional
component is added.
5.
These are the icons for Add Slab by Click and
Convert to Slab. Right-click on either icon to set the
tool’s Properties, and click the relevant icon to create
the slab.
6.
To create the slab with the new style, open the tool’s
Properties to the General page.
Component 1 is a 2” concrete slab with zero offset,
which means the slab will be created flush with the
bottom of the walls. Component 2 is 1/4” wood with an
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
7.
8.
Create the slab using one of the slab tools.
In this example, if you remove the walls, both
components of the slab can be seen.
1.
Start with some walls, and add openings like windows
or doors.
In the Style Manager, there is one style, “Standard,”
listed under “AEC Dimension styles.” This style has
one chain, and a preview showing a layout of AEC
Dimension styles is below.
AEC Dimension Styles
The Style Manager can be used to set various styles for wall
dimensions. These dimensions are created with the Wall
Dimension tool.
NOTE: If you want to save styles to a template, see "Savings
as Templates" on page 566.
NOTE: In the Preview area, you can click to zoom part of the
graphic. Double-click to fit the graphic in the window.
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2.
Activate Wall Dimension, and select one chain of
walls, using the Shift key for multiple selection. Select
Finish Selection.
3.
The next click defines the location of the dimension
baseline. The subsequent click defines the dimension
angle - if you want the dimensions to proceed along the
wall chain, the angle should be perpendicular to the
walls.
4.
This is the resulting dimension chain in the current
style.
NOTE: If you want to change the properties of the dimensions
themselves, such as font or leader lines, see "Dimension
Properties" on page 332.
5.
You can change the “Standard” style, but if you want to
preserve this style, make sure “Standard” is
highlighted, then click Create New Style.
6.
Assign a name or accept the default.
TIP: To ensure a vertical or horizontal angle line, you can use
the X or Y lock in the Coordinate Field.
This creates a new style which is a copy of “Standard.”
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7.
To change the current wall dimension to the new style,
open its Properties to the General page.
8.
With the new style highlighted, change the Number of
chains to 2.
NOTE: If Delay Style Modification is enabled, you can see
the old and new values for each field. Then you can update the
style by clicking Apply Style Changes. If there is no delay,
then all changes are implemented immediately.
9.
Chain 1 is offset from the baseline, which is where you
first clicked to define the dimension line’s location.
Chain 2’s offset is its distance from Chain 1.
10.
Open the properties for Chain 1 and make these
changes.
Now Chain 1 dimensions the openings. Chain 2 is still
the same as the “Standard” style.
To separate Chain 2 from Chain 1, add an Offset.
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11.
To add an overall dimension, add Chain 3 and offset it
from Chain 2. Only Wall Overall should be checked.
Stairs Styles
The Style Manager can be used to set various styles for stairs.
For details on the types of stairs you can create, see "Stairs"
on page 554.
NOTE: If you want to save styles to a template, see "Savings
as Templates" on page 566.
1.
Start with a staircase. This example uses a Simple
Stair.
This is the result.
In the Style Manager, there is one style, “Standard,”
listed under “Stair styles.” This style has two
categories: components and materials. The graphic at
the bottom shows a preview of the style.
Dimension Styles
For styles and Style Manager usage for standard dimensions
see “Dimension Styles” on page 337.
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NOTE: In the Preview area, you can click to zoom part of the
graphic. Double-click to fit the graphic in the window.
2.
You can change the “Standard” style, but if you want to
preserve this style, make sure “Standard” is
highlighted, then click Create New Style.
3.
Assign a name or accept the default.
4.
The new style is a copy of the “Standard” style. To
make some changes, open Components and change
the parameters, such as tread and riser thickness, etc.
Nosing Length is how far the tread extends past the
riser below. To view your changes, you can click inside
the preview window to zoom in. (If you right-click in
the preview window, a menu appears that enables you
to change the view as well as render style.)
NOTE: Other stair properties, such as stair width, tread depth,
and riser height, are set on the Stair page of the stair’s
Properties.
5.
NOTE: For details on materials, see "Materials" on page 522.
6.
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Open the Materials category, in which you can assign
different materials to the treads, risers, and landing. Set
the preview to Quality Rendering to see the
materials.
To change the staircase in the model so that is has the
new style, open its Properties to the General page.
All styles defined for stairs will be available under
Stair styles.
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The staircase now has the properties of the new style.
In the Style Manager, there is one style, “Standard,”
listed under “Rail styles.” A preview showing a layout
of this rail style is below.
Rail Styles
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
The Railing tool can be used to create a standalone, linear
railing, or a railing along a staircase.
NOTE: If you want to save styles to a template, see "Savings
as Templates" on page 566.
Menu: Tools / Architecture / Railing
NOTE: In the Preview area, you can click to zoom part of the
graphic. Double-click to fit the graphic in the window.
1.
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You can change the “Standard” style, but if you want to
preserve this style, make sure “Standard” is
highlighted, then click Create New Style.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
2.
Assign a name or accept the default.
Dynamic posts are placed at set intervals along the
railing. Balusters are placed between dynamic posts.
In this example, only balusters are included.
This creates a new style which is a copy of “Standard.”
3.
To create the railing with the new style, open the tool’s
Properties to the General page.
NOTE: You can either specify the number of balusters per
tread, or baluster spacing. If the number per tread is entered,
this will by default override the spacing. If you check Override,
the spacing value will be used.
6.
4.
Highlight the new rail style, and open the Rail
Locations category. This category sets which rails are
displayed, their heights along horizontal and sloped
segments, and their offsets from the vertical posts. In
this example, only a Handrail is included.
5.
Open Post Locations. This category sets the types of
posts included, and their vertical extensions relative to
rails. Fixed posts are placed at the ends and corners,
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Open Components, in which you specify the shapes
and dimensions of rails and posts.
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7.
8.
Open Railing Extensions, in which you can specify
horizontal extensions of rails, relative to posts and
landings.
Finally, open Materials, in which you can specify the
material for each post and rail type.
9.
This example is for a stair railing, so start by creating a
staircase. (For details, see "Stairs" on page 554.)
10.
Activate Railing. By default, Stair Railing is active
11.
To place rails on both sides of the stair use the Attach
to Both Sides option.
12.
Select the staircase, and the railing is created.
NOTE: For details on materials, see "Materials" on page 522.
The other type of railing is standalone, defined by linear
segments. To create this, make sure Stair Railing is not
selected.
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This railing is defined by one or more segments, similar to a
polyline or wall. A preview of the railing appears while
defining the segments. When finished, select Finish from the
local menu or Inspector Bar.
In the Style Manager, there is one style, “Standard,”
listed under “Tables.”
This example includes a handrail, guardrail, and bottom rail.
The posts include a fixed post at the end, dynamic posts
along the length, and balusters between bottom rail and
guard rail.
1.
You can change the “Standard” style, but if you want to
preserve this style, make sure “Standard” is
highlighted, then click Create New Style.
2.
Assign a name or accept the default.
Table Styles
Tables can be used to define table properties. Table can be
created using Insert / Table (see "Tables" on page 619) or
they are created automatically when you create a report (see
"Custom Properties, Database, and Reports" on page 624).
NOTE: If you want to save styles to a template, see "Savings
as Templates" on page 566.
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This creates a new style which is a copy of “Standard.”
3.
Highlight the new style, and open the General
category. This is where you can define margins and
direction. If Direction is down, the header and title
appear at the top of the table.
Section/Elevation
Section Line
Create a section line.
4.
1.
Define the segment start point.
2.
Define the end point, or specify the length and angle in
the inspector bar.
The Data category contains properties of the text and
colors in the main cells of the table (not the headers or
title). For details on defining text, see "Text Styles" on
page 566.
Vertical
5.
The Header and Title categories are similar to Data.
They have the additional option whether to display
header or title rows.
Create a vertical section.
1.
Create a 3D element. Now use the section line tool
(See "Section Line" on page 608) to cross the pertinent
3D elements.
2.
Select vertical section tool. Right click to open the
local menu. Select either 2D Section /Elevation or 3D
Section /Elevation.
Alternatively, you can also select 2D Section /Elevation or
3D Section /Elevation in the inspector bar.
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3.
Select the Section line.
4.
Select the pertinent 3D elements.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 13 Architecture Tools
3.
Select the Section line.
4.
Select the pertinent 3D elements.
5.
Select finish from the local menu or in the inspector
bar. You will then have the section and will be
prompted to select section position. Click in the
drawing to place the section.
You can edit the size, orientation and position of the section
line using the edit tool. (see "Edit Tool" on page 219)
House Wizard Toolset
Available in TurboCAD Pro, Platinum, and Deluxe only
5.
Select finish from local menu or in the inspector bar.
You will then have the section and will be prompted to
select section position. Click in the drawing to place
the section.
The House Wizard is a set of tools designed to allow for
accelerated layout of a house design. It is structured to
provide a set of room boxes that can be snapped together
quickly. Once the initial layout of spaces is complete the
click of a single button will generate a preliminary 3D model
of the house, including walls, slabs, and doors. You can then
quickly finalize the model to your needs.
In order for the House Wizard to work correctly you must
start with either the "House Template", or the "House
Template Metric".
You can edit the size, orientation and position of the section
line using edit tool. (see "Edit Tool" on page 219)
To get the maximum utility out of the House Wizard you
should turn on the House Wizard toolbar. Go to Customize,
navigate to the Toolbars page and select House Wizard.
Horizontal
Create a horizontal section.
1.
Create a 3D element. Now use section line tool (See
"Section Line" on page 608) that cross the pertinent 3D
elements.
2.
Select horizontal section tool. Right click to open the
local menu. Select either 2D Section /Elevation or 3D
Section /Elevation.
Alternatively, you can also select 2D Section /Elevation or
3D Section /Elevation from the inspector bar.
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House Wizard
The first step in using the House Wizard toolset is to use the
House Wizard itself. The Wizard will generate all of the
room boxes that you select.
number of those rooms you want. You can specify the
additional rooms you want using the check boxes on the
page.
The Page One of the wizard is simply an introduction, Click
Next to move to Page two
While on this page you can use the Width and Length fields
to override the default sizes for the rooms.
Click Next to go to Page Three of the Wizard.
Page Two of the wizard is used to specify the number and
size of the Garages and Main Rooms in your house design.
The Garage drop-down controls allow you to specify the
number of cars the garage is to hold. The Bedroom and
Bathroom drop-down controls allow you to specify the
On Page Three of the Wizard you can specify the size and
number of decks you want in your design, as well as
miscellaneous rooms and passageways. For all of these
areas, you have the option of choosing None.
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Click Next to go to Page Three of the Wizard.
• If you position the boxes so that are aligned closely
edge-to-edge the dropped box will "snap" to the
adjacent box with edges aligned, and if possible with
corners aligned.
• It is a good idea to turn Off Dynamic snaps while you
are arranging your boxes, since the two types of
snapping may conflict in some instances.
• You can resize the boxes while they are selected by
using the blue handles on the edge of the selector. If
you hover over the edge of an adjacent box while
resizing the edge you are adjusting will snap to align
with the edge you are hovering over.
• For best results, it is suggested that you put small
ancillary rooms within larger rooms e.g. bedrooms.
Once you are done arranging your rooms, click the Build
House button.
Page Four of the Wizard gives you some final tips on how to
use the boxes that the wizard generates. Read the info
carefully then click the Finish button.
Here is an example of some rooms laid out together:
The result of the Wizard will be a 2D layout of all the boxes
you generated.
Notice the overlaps between the rooms.
Arranging and Snapping Room Boxes
To arrange the room boxes into your design simply pick up
each box and drag it into position, and drop it.
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Here is the result after pushing the Build House button:
Hide-Show Room Boxes
This option will hide room boxes if they are currently
showing, or it will show room boxes if they are currently
hidden. This function does not override layer visibility.
Delete Room Boxes
This will delete all of the room boxes in you drawing.
Warning: You will not be prompted to verify that you want
to delete the boxes, so if you accidentally delete the boxes,
use Undo immediately.
Insert Room Boxes
Notice how the House Wizard has automatically add room
dimensions, calculated the individual room areas, and
automatically placed doors at logical positions within the
house.
You do not have to use the House Wizard to generate your
rooms, nor do you have to reuse the Wizard if you forgot a
room. The Insert Room Box tools e.g. Insert Bedroom will
allow you to add room boxes to your layout at any time.
Simply select an Insert Room Box tool then click at each
location that you want to place that room type. The tool will
remain active until you press ESC or choose a different tool.
House Setup
This will open the House Wizard Setup dialog. With this
dialog you can specify which style elements will be used to
generate each of the components of your house. Changes in
these settings will only be reflected in your model after the
design is rebuilt with Build House.
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Changing Room Size While Inserting
When you are using the Insert Room tools you can
dynamically change the size of the room you are inserting by
changing the Width and Length parameters in the Inspector
bar, or by using the local menu to access the tools properties.
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14 Woodworking
Layout
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
The Layout tool can be used for furniture design, and glass
or metal cutting. The results show the optimal way to cut
rectangular sheets or planks into rectangular parts.
(This icon is found on the Groups and Blocks toolbar,
which you can display by right-clicking in any toolbar area
and selecting Groups and Blocks.)
1.
Start with the object or objects you want to lay out.
This example uses a parametric symbol from the
“Cabinets” folder of the Library palette. (The object
does not have to be a symbol or part.)
2.
Activate Layout, and click two points of a selection
window around the objects. You can skip selecting
objects if you are going to manually specify the planks.
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3.
Select Finish from the local menu or Inspector Bar.
4.
In the Layout window, check all of the pieces you
want to include in the layout.
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In the table you can:
6.
In the Format window, set the following options:
• Double-click on any plank to open the Plank
Parameters dialog. Where you can specify the
properties of each plank individually, Including the
quantity.
• Click Add Plank. Which will open the Plank
Parameters dialog and allow you to manually create
and specify planks.
• Click Swap Width and Height. Which will swap
those values for the selected plank.
• Select or de-select Allow Plank Rotation. This will
set the rotation parameter for all of the planks. If plank
rotation is allowed the layout of the planks will be
optimized to fit the sheet. If it is disallowed you can
control how the planks will layout relative to the sheets
grain.
At the bottom of the window you can specify:
5.
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• Draw Planks’ Names: If checked, block attributes
containing the plank name will be assigned to each
piece.
• Size of Board: defines the board or sheets from which
the pieces will be cut.
• Draw Planks’ Sizes: If checked, block attributes
containing the dimensions of the planks will be
assigned to each piece.
• Kerf: Defines the width of the cutting blade.
• Autosize: Automatically chooses the size of the text.
• Edge Trim: defines trimming cuts in case the boards
have ragged or damaged edges.
• Layout: Check Forced Vertical Stripes if you want
through cuts, check Forced Vertical if you want
through cuts along with using Join Identical Planks,
if you want otherwise, check Optimal.
Click Next.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 14 Woodworking
• Algorithm options: Check Join Identical Planks if
you have more than six identical pieces. And set the
maximum number of parts from which pieces will be
cut.
10.
If you checked Add laid out planks table, click in the
drawing to place the table with the layout data,
• Check Add laid out planks table to insert a table with
all of the plank parameters after you inset the layout.
7.
Click Create Layout to begin calculating the layout.
(You can interrupt the process by clicking Stop.)
8.
When the calculation process is complete, click
Finish.
9.
Click in the drawing to bring in the board layout.
If you checked Add Name or Add Sizes, you will see
the blocks indicated on each piece. Identical pieces
have the same block letter.
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15 Database, Tables, and Reports
Tables
Insert Table enables you to insert an empty table, and
Modify Table enables you to add or edit text in the table.
To apply the style to the table, open the tool’s Properties and
select the style on the General page.
Insert Table is available on the Draw menu, and Modify
Table is available on the Modify menu. Both tools are also
available on the Text toolbar. You can display the Text
toolbar by right-clicking on any toolbar area and selecting
Text.
Insert Table
Before creating a table, you can define a table style (see
"Table Styles" on page 607). Styles are useful for creating
tables with specific text properties, cell colors, and header /
title rows.
You can also change an existing table’s style in is
Properties, or in the Selection Info palette.
There are two methods of inserting a table: Specify Insert
Point and Specify Window.
Specify Insert Point
With this method, you click the top left point of the table.
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1.
Make sure Specify Insert Point is selected in the local
menu or Inspector Bar. The number of columns and
rows, as well as column width and row lines (number
of lines of text) is set in the Inspector Bar.
2.
Click once in the file, and the table is inserted.
3.
If you don’t want to insert another table, press Esc or
start a new tool.
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4.
If you need to change the size of an individual row or
column, use the Edit Tool. See "Changing Rows and
Columns, Merging Cells" on page 623.
4.
Move the mouse to size the table.
Specify Window
With this method, you insert the table by clicking two corner
points. You can either fix the cell dimensions, or you can fix
the number of rows / columns. (You can also mix options for
sizing and numbers for rows and columns.)
Make sure Specify Window is selected in the local menu or
Inspector Bar.
The number of cells remains the same, no matter how
the table is sized.
Fixed Number of Rows / Columns
1.
Activate both Calculated Row Height and
Calculated Column width.
2.
Click once to set the top left corner of the table.
3.
Set the number of columns and rows.
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5.
Click the second corner to insert the table. If you
specified a table style, it will be applied.
6.
If you need to change the size of an individual row or
column, use the Edit Tool. See "Changing Rows and
Columns, Merging Cells" on page 623.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 15 Database, Tables, and Reports
Fixed Cell Size
1.
Turn off both Calculated Row Height and
Calculated Column width.
2.
Click once to set the top left corner of the table.
3.
Set the column width and number of text lines per row.
5.
Click the second corner to insert the table. If you
specified a table style, it will be applied.
6.
If you need to change the size of an individual row or
column, use the Edit Tool. See "Changing Rows and
Columns, Merging Cells" on page 623.
Modify Table
4.
Move the mouse to size the table.
Modify Table is used to add text to cells, or to edit existing
cell text. It can also be used to change properties of
individual cells.
Adding or Editing Cell Text
If you are using styles, the table style will refer to a text style
for each type of text (data, header, and title). So unless you
want to use standard text, define text styles first.
The cell size remains the same, no matter how the table
is sized. Cells are added or removed as needed.
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4.
Click in each cell and type the text.
If your drawing has blocks you can also opt to insert a
block into the cell.
5.
If you want to remove text from a cell, click it and
select Clear Cell Content from the local menu or
Inspector Bar.
6.
When the table text is complete, end Modify Text. The
properties of the cell text will match their text styles.
NOTE: For details on text styles, see "Text Styles" on page
566.
Open the table style you want to use, and specify the text
style you want to use for Data text. You can also set text
color and height here.
There are also categories for Header and Title, which can
each have their own text style.
1.
To add text to the table, activate Modify Table.
2.
Make sure Edit Cell Text is active in the local menu or
Inspector Bar.
3.
Select the table you want to modify, then click in a cell
where you want to place text.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 15 Database, Tables, and Reports
Changing Cell Properties
1.
2.
3.
4.
If you want to use Modify Text to change properties of
an individual cell, make sure Edit Cell Text is not
active.
Click the cell you want to change.
Changing Rows and Columns,
Merging Cells
Other than adding text or changing individual cell properties,
which are done using the Modify Text tool, table changes are
made with the Edit Tool.
NOTE: For details on the Edit Tool, see "Edit Tool" on page
219.
1.
To start editing, activate the Edit Tool and click the
table. You can move any of the nodes to change sizes
of single rows or columns.
2.
To add a row or column, press Shift and click the cell
to the left or above where the new item will go.
The properties of the cell can be changed in the
Selection Info palette. In this example, the cell’s fill
color was changed.
When finished, the cell has the new properties.
NOTE: If you want to Shift-select a new cell, you must first use
Shift and click to de-select the current cell.
3.
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Insert Row and Insert Column are available on the
local menu or Inspector Bar.
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The new row is added below the selected cell.
The selected cells are now one cell.
7.
4.
To remove a row or column, Shift-select a cell in that
row or column.
To separate them again, Shift-select the cell and select
Unmerge.
Custom Properties, Database,
and Reports
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
All properties of an objects are elements of a database.
Standard database property items include line width, color,
coordinates of points that comprise the object, etc.
The row is removed.
The database management feature enables you to add
information to objects and to create reports using this
information. For example, you can add custom fields to
provide information on suppliers, manufacturers, price, etc.
The information can then be presented as a Bill of Materials,
Parts List, or other
type of report.
Database management and report creation generally follows
these four steps:
• Step 1: Define Custom Fields
5.
To merge cells, Shift-select each cell you want to
merge.
• Step 2: Attach Custom Properties to Objects
• Step 3: Define Fields for the Report
• Step 4: Create the Report
6.
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Select Merge Cells in the local menu or Inspector Bar.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 15 Database, Tables, and Reports
The following example shows how to create some custom
properties, then create a report from the custom and standard
properties. The objects in the report are shown below: a large
plastic disc, two cubes on top, and six steel cylinders below.
• Double: Decimal numbers.
• Currency: Dollar amounts. This type will not appear
in an object’s Custom page of the Properties window.
Visible: If checked, the field will be visible and available for
use in the Edit Object Data and Report windows.
TIP: If you know you will not be using certain fields in reports,
it is helpful to turn off visibility.
Editable: If checked, the field can be edited in the other
database dialogs. Auto fields are always non-editable.
Description: An optional field for notes or other comments.
Step 1: Define Custom Fields
3.
The first step in creating a database is to define the types of
information to be recorded.
1.
To add the next property to the database, click in the
first empty field under Field Name, and type the new
field name. This example uses “Description,” Vendor,”
and “Cost.” Then continue to fill in the other fields.
Select Define Fields. In the Define Fields window,
enter the first property: “Part Number.”
NOTE: To delete a record, click the square at the beginning of
a row, and select Delete.
2.
Fill in the remaining fields in this row
4.
Click OK when the custom properties are defined.
Data Type:
• Text: Alphanumeric information which does not have
to be calculated.
• Integer: Whole numbers.
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Step 2: Attach Custom Properties to
Objects
1.
4.
Now the properties appear on the Custom page. Fill in
the Value for each part.
Select the object whose custom properties you want to
define. If multiple objects have the same custom
properties, such as the cubes below, select them all.
You can also enter or change custom properties in the
Selection Info palette.
2.
Open the Properties to the Custom page. Click
Attach at the bottom of the window.
5.
3.
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The previous values were for the two cubes (Part
Number 1); the values below are for the large disc (Part
Number 2).
Select all of the custom properties and click OK.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 15 Database, Tables, and Reports
6.
7.
8.
These values are for the six support cylinders (Part
Number 3).
Step 3: Define Fields for the Report
1.
To begin defining the report, select Tools / Database /
Report. Then click Create.
2.
Enter a report Title and Comments (optional). If you
choose Detail, only values from editable fields may be
edited before the report is created. With Summary, all
values may be edited before printing, even if they
come from a non-editable field.
To verify that the custom properties were properly
attached, select one of the objects.
Then select Tools / Database / Edit Object Data. You
can update values in this table, if needed.
NOTE: “Object ID” is a unique identifier, and is generated
automatically when attaching fields to objects.
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3.
The custom fields appear under the “Custom”
category. Click the “plus” sign to expand this category.
4.
For each field you want to appear in the report, click it
under Available Fields, then click the Add button.
The field should then appear under Report Fields.
Repeat these steps for each of the custom fields.
5.
Non-custom (standard) fields can also be added to a
report. In this example Material is added, and
Material is found in the “Common” category.
You do not have to create a report using custom fields;
reports may contain only standard fields.
6.
The order of the Report Fields list is the order that will
in the report. To change the order, highlight the field
you want to move and click Up or Down. (You will
also be able to change the order later.)
NOTE: If you have block in your drawing with attributes you
can add those attributes to your report.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 15 Database, Tables, and Reports
7.
You can use a query if you want to filter the objects to
be included in the report. If you want to run a query,
click Edit. Otherwise, all objects in the model will be
scanned while creating the report.
An example of a query in this example would be to
search for objects that have “Part Number” fields
greater than one. This is how the syntax would look:
8.
If you created a query, click OK to return to the Report
Create window.
NOTE: For details on query searches, see "Select by Query"
on page 187.
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9.
10.
Open the Advanced Report table.
11.
The appearance of this tab depends on whether you are
creating a Detail or Summary report. For a Detail
report, Field Names can be edited. For a Summary
report, Report Header Names may be edited.
Step 4: Create the Report
For the “Copy” row, click the cell in the Function
column. From the drop-down menu, select SUM. This
will show the total cost of all objects, not the unit price
per object.
1.
When all fields and queries are defined, click OK to
return to the Reports window.
The Reports window now shows the report you have
just created. (You can return to the Reports window
anytime by selecting Tools / Database / Report.)
Click Report.
The other function options are AVG which calculates
the average of all values, and MIN / MAX which
displays the smallest or largest of the values.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 15 Database, Tables, and Reports
2.
The Summary Report window shows the fields and
values that will go in the report. If you want to re-order
a column, drag its header to the new location. You can
also click on a header to change that column’s sorting
order. To add a row for cost sums, click in a cell below
the last “Cost” items.
The sum of the cost items is now listed.
The other available options at the top of the Summary
Report window are:
3.
Then click Grand Total.
• Export: Saves the report as a Microsoft Excel
Spreadsheet (XLS), Microsoft Access Database
(MDB), a Comma Separated Value (CSV), or a Tabbed
Text File (TXT).
• Page Setup: Sets the format of a printed version of the
report. You can add the page number, number of total
pages, date, and/or time to the header or footer of each
report page. You can also set the margins, alignment,
page order, and scale of the report pages, and whether
grid lines, row headings, and column headings will be
printed.
• Print: Prints the report using the Print Setup options.
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4.
To place the report in the file, click Insert Table into
the Drawing.
The table contains the custom fields, as well as the
Materials field.
NOTE: If you want to edit or add text to a table, see "Modify
Table" on page 621. For other changes such as adding or
removing rows / columns, or merging cells, see "Changing
Rows and Columns, Merging Cells" on page 623.
5.
6.
In the Insert Table window, set the sizing options for
rows and columns. You can also set the table style
here.
7.
If you want to change the style of the report table,
make sure the style is defined under Table Styles in the
Style Manager.
Click to place the report as a table in the drawing.
NOTE: For details on table styles, see "Table Styles" on page
607.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 15 Database, Tables, and Reports
8.
The style is assigned to the table in the General page
of its Properties.
If you change the style, the table will update
automatically.
Updating the Database and Report
Database Connection Palette
TurboCAD has the ability to connect to a database and
associate the data with objects. Database connectivity and
management is handled through the Database Connection
Palette.
To Create a Database Connection:
1.
Open the Database Connection Palette.
2.
Right click on the DataSources icon and click Add
DataSource.
3.
In the Add Datasource dialog type in the name of the
new datasource and click OK.
You can update fields values for objects by using Edit
Object Data, or you can change values in an object’s
Properties or the Selection Info palette.
To update the database, select Regenerate.
You will then have to create a new report, using Report, and
insert the new report into the drawing.
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4.
The Data Link Properties dialog will open.
5.
On the Provider page select the appropriate OLE DB
Provider type for the datasource to which you wish to
connect. Then click Next.
6.
The Connection page will appear.
7.
Specify the database path and name.
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8.
Setup the log on information.
9.
Click the Test Connection button. If the connection is
valid the Test Connection Succeeded message will
appear.
10.
At this point you can move on to the Advanced and
All pages, or click OK.
11.
The features and functions of the Advanced and All
pages are network and database specific, and are
dependent upon your network and OBDC/OLE DB
protocols. Only a person and experienced with your
network and database protocols should alter these
settings.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 15 Database, Tables, and Reports
To Disconnect a Datasourse:
1.
Select a connected datasource in the DataSources
tree.
2.
Right-click on the datasource and select Disconnect.
To Re-configure a Datasourse:
12.
1.
Select a datasource in the DataSources tree.
2.
Right-click on the datasource and select Configure.
This will open the Data Link Properties dialog.
3.
Make the required changes and click OK.
After these operations you will see a new datasource
object in DataSources tree.
To Remove a Datasourse:
13.
The datasource is not yet connected. Right-click on the
datasource and select Connect.
14.
Your database is now connected to TurboCAD as a
datasource.
15.
When connected a datasource shows all available
tables and views in database.
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1.
Select a datasource in the DataSources tree.
2.
Right-click on the datasource and select Remove
DataSource.
3.
You will be prompted with a warning dialog.
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4.
4.If you are clear to proceed click Yes.
To Import a Datasourse:
1.
Right click on the DataSources icon and click Import
DataSource.
2.
This will start the Open dialog.
To Export a Datasourse:
1.
Select a datasource in the DataSources tree.
2.
Right-click on the datasource and select Export
DataSource.
3.
This will open Save As dialog.
Note: Connect is only available when a datasource is
disconnected. Disconnect is only available when a datasource
is connected.
Viewing and Editing Data in Tables
When connected a datasource shows all available tables and
views in database. Available tables and views appear as child
nodes of the datasource.
4.
Select a location and name for the datasource, and then
click Save.
ICON LEGEND:
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= view
= table
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 15 Database, Tables, and Reports
To Show a Table's Content:
4.
The Link Template Edit dialog will appear.
1.
Select the table in the DataSources tree.
5.
2.
Right-click and select View Table, the table will be
opened in the lower frame of the Data base
Connection palette in Read-Only mode.
Select the Key Columns. These are used to define link
information data for linked graphics.
6.
Select the Value Columns. These values will be set as
custom properties of the object.
7.
The created link template will be attached to current
active drawing.
To Edit a Table's Content:
1.
Select the table in the DataSources tree.
2.
Right-click and select Edit Table, the table will be
opened in the lower frame of the Data Base
Connection palette in Edit mode.
Creating Data Link Templates
In order to connect data from tables to graphic objects it is
necessary to create Link Templates. Link templates set a
pattern that defines which the data elements will be linked
from the table and associated with designated graphic
objects.
To Create a New Link Template:
1.
Select a table in the DataSources tree.
2.
Right-click and select New Link Template. The New
Link Template dialog will appear.
3.
Type in a name for the link template, and then click
OK.
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To Edit a Link Template:
1.
Select the template in the DataSources tree.
2.
Right-click and select Edit. The Link Template Edit
dialog will appear.
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1.
Make the required changes, and then click OK.
To Remove a Link Template:
1.
Select the template in the DataSources tree.
2.
Right-click and select Delete.
Warning: The link template will be immediately deleted.
Removing a link template leads to removing all graphic links
bound to it.
3.
In the table view, in the lower frame of the palette,
click on the record you wish link.
4.
Use the Link Template drop-down box located on the
palette toolbar to select the desired link template.
5.
Click the Create Link button on palette toolbar.
6.
The link between the selected graphics and the table
record is created.
Linking Data to Graphics
Data is linked to graphics by connecting a table to specific
graphics via link templates.
To Connect Data to Graphics/s:
1.
2.
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In a drawing, select one or more graphics.
In the DataSources tree, double click on the desired
table to select it for linking. This will also open the
view of the table in the lower frame of the palette.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 15 Database, Tables, and Reports
Synchronizing Data and Graphics
To Remove Links from Selected Graphics:
To get data into linked graphics it is necessary to synchronize
the data. The synchronizing process copies data from the
datasource into all linked graphics and places it in the custom
properties of linked graphics.
1.
Select the graphic/s you wish to de-link.
2.
In the DataSources tree select the link template you
wish to de-link from the graphic/s.
3.
Right-click and select Delete Links(Sel).
4.
Synchronize the data.
5.
The links and data have been removed.
To Synchronize Data:
1.
2.
Click the Synchronize Data button on toolbar to run
synchronizing process.
Verify that the data has been synchronized by opening
the properties of a graphic that is linked and going to
the Custom page.
To Remove All Links to a Link Template:
1.
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In the DataSources tree select the link template you
wish to de-link.
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2.
Right-click and select Delete All Links.
3.
Synchronize the data.
4.
The links and data have been removed.
To Find Graphics Linked to a Table Record:
1.
In the table view, in the lower frame of the palette,
click on the record.
2.
Right-click and select Find Graphics.
3.
All graphics that are linked with current row will be
selected.
To Find Table Record Linked to a Selected
Graphics:
1.
Select a graphic.
2.
Click the View linked records in dataview button on
palette's toolbar.
3.
All records which are linked to the selected object will
be highlighted in the table view.
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For updates and additional information,
16 Paper Space and Printing
Once your drawing is complete, you may need to view it on
paper. This section covers features that are geared toward
printing, including Paper Space and viewports. You can also
publish your drawing in HTML format for online
distribution.
Paper Space
While Model Space is typically used while creating
geometry, Paper Space is geared toward creating the final
layout of your drawing for printing or plotting on paper. In
Paper Space, you typically arrange drawing elements on one
or more sheets of paper.
The Paper, the large white rectangle in the middle of the
drawing window, shows you how your drawing will be laid
out on the page when printed. You do not have to draw on the
paper; you can draw anywhere in the drawing space and later
fit the drawing to a sheet of paper. You can also turn off the
paper sheet shown. The pattern of horizontal and vertical
lines, which may be shown on the paper, is the grid that
marks exact locations in the drawing.
TIP: You can use the TC Explorer Palette to see all Paper
Spaces defined for any open drawing. See "Print Spaces" on
page 94.
Switching to Paper Space
NOTE: If the rulers are turned off, this button will not appear.
Use Rulers to toggle the ruler display.
You can also use the icons on the Standard toolbar to switch
between spaces.
There are also workspace tabs at the lower left corner of the
screen. By default, each file contains one tab for Paper
Space. Click the tabs to switch spaces.
NOTE: If scroll bars are turned off, these tabs will not appear.
Use Scroll Bars to toggle the scroll bar display.
Paper Space Properties
The Page Setup page contains options for the printer, printer
paper, worksheet selection, paper size, paper orientation, and
printing origin. These settings are saved with the drawing.
You can use the small button at the top left corner, at the
intersection of the rulers, to toggle between Model and Paper
Spaces.
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The various Paper Spaces can be used for different print
setups. For example, you can have one setup for shop
drawings on D size paper, and another with renderings on A
size paper.
The Print Styles page enables you to select a print style.
Insert: Creates a new, empty Paper Space.
From Template: Allows you to import paper space and
layouts from existing TCT and TCW files.
Rename: Enables you to assign a name to the active Paper
Space.
Delete: Deletes the Paper Space that was last inserted. You
will not be able to delete the last remaining Paper Space of
your drawing.
Duplicate: Creates a copy of the Paper Space.
Properties: Opens the Properties window (see "Paper
Space Properties" on page 641). Different Paper Spaces can
have different properties.
Print Current: Opens the Print Dialog for the current space.
Print Queue: Opens the Print Queue.
From Template
To import Paper space layout from existing files:
See "Print Style Options" on page 667.
1.
Right click on a space tab then select From Template.
2.
The Open dialog will appear.
3.
Select the desired file and click Open.
4.
The Insert PaperSpace(s) dialog will appear.
5.
Select the Paper Spaces you want.
6.
Click OK.
7.
The Paper Spaces will be inserted into your drawing.
Manipulating Paper Spaces
By default, a new file contains one Paper Space, named
Paper 1. You can create, delete, or rename spaces by using
the Paper Space menu, or by right-clicking on any Space tab
to access the local menu. These menus can also be used to
switch between spaces.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 16 Paper Space and Printing
It is important to import only paper spaces that are using the
same unit system (English/Metric). If differing unit systems
are used the result will in incorrect scaling of layout
elements.
Print Queue
Drafting Palette - Creating
Standard Views
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
The Drafting Palette enables you to insert standard views of
your model into Paper Space.
To import use the Print Queue:
1.
Right click on a space tab then select Print Queue.
2.
Select Print Queue from the File menu.
3.
The Print Queue dialog will open. If you opened the
queue from the space tab, that space will be selected
for printing.
Or
NOTE: If you want to insert predefined views (non-standard
views or views you created in advance), see "Viewports" on
page 657
Drafting Palette Toolbar
Create Part / Assembly: Enables you to define a part or a
combination of parts (assembly) for creating views. See
"Parts and Assemblies" on page 645.
Delete: Deletes the selected part, assembly, or view.
In the Print Queue you can select the spaces you want to
print. If you double-click on any of the listed spaces you will
open the print dialog for that space will open. You can
configure the print setup for that space including the printer
to be used. The order of the items in the queue sets the order
in which the spaces are sent to the printers.
Rename: Renames the selected part, assembly, or view.
Add: Adds the selected standard view that appears in the
bottom of the palette to the view list at the top of the palette.
Options:
Select All: Selects all of the spaces for printing.
Deselect All: Deselects all of the spaces from printing.
Move Up: Moves the currently selected space up in the
queue.
Insert into Drawing: Inserts the view selected from the
view list into the drawing. (You can also drag the name from
the list into the drawing to insert a view.)
Move Down: Moves the currently selected space down in
the queue.
Properties: Opens the Print Properties for the currently
selected space.
Copies: Sets the number of copies to be printed.
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Create by View Line: Creates a sectional view from an
existing view, by using an existing line or polyline as the
section line.
Entity CS, World CS: Sets the view based on one of these
coordinate systems. As an example, a torus is created and
rotated about the Y axis.
Drafting Palette Options: Contains options for deleting
objects and what appears in view previews.
Lock When Inactive: When selected Drafting palette
objects will not refresh while the Drafting palette is closed.
With Entity CS, the Plan view looks down on the torus in its
own CS, even though the torus is rotated.
The lower half of the palette contains standard views. The
top row contains orthographic and isometric views and the
bottom row contains sectional views.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 16 Paper Space and Printing
The header Assembly appears in the Drafting Palette.
With World CS, the Plan view looks down on the rotated
torus.
3.
This is the default name, but you can change the name
using the Rename icon, or simply by clicking in the
name field and entering the new name.
4.
For the next assembly, select the cylinder and box.
5.
Make an assembly from these two objects, and assign
a name.
Parts and Assemblies
You can create views from individual parts in the model,
from selected objects, or from the entire model.
This example uses a cylinder, box, and hexagonal prism.
1.
2.
For the first assembly, select all three objects.
Click Create Part / Assembly.
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6.
To see the difference, first highlight the first assembly,
then click the Plan view icon. The preview window
shows the plan view for all three objects.
You can also create views of single parts. If you click a
single object (cylinder, box, or prism) and click Create
Part / Assembly, the part name and description appear
in the Drafting Palette.
Deleting Assemblies and Views
You can delete any assembly or view at any time.
7.
1.
Right click on the entity in the Drafting Palette and
select delete.
2.
When you are prompted if you wan to delete the
object, select Yes.
Then highlight the second assembly and look at the
preview of the Plan view. Only the cylinder and box
appear.
Renaming Assemblies and Views
1.
Right click on the entity in the Drafting Palette and
select Rename.
2.
When the name field highlights, type in the new name.
3.
Press Enter to set the new name.
Locking Assemblies and Views for Caching
You can lock assemblies and views so that they do not
refresh every time you modify the model or the layout. This
is especially useful for large or complex models as it reduces
refresh time.
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To Lock a View
To Unlock an Assembly
1.
Right click on a view in the Drafting Palette.
1.
Right click on an assembly in the Drafting Palette.
2.
Select Locked.
2.
Select Unlock All
When a view is locked a check mark will appear next
to the Locked menu Item.
When a view is lock a small lock symbol will appear on the
icon of the view. If the view is up to date the lock will be
blue. If the model or layout has changed the lock symbol will
appear in red.
To Unlock a view
1.
Right click on a view in the Drafting Palette.
2.
Select Locked, and the check mark will disappear.
To Lock an Assembly
You can lock all of the views in an assembly.
1.
Right click on an assembly in the Drafting Palette.
2.
Select Lock All
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You can update a view at any time to bring it current.
1.
Right click on a view in the Drafting Palette.
Select Update view.
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Inserting Standard Views
3.
Add this view to the view list by clicking the Add icon.
This example will use the following solid model, consisting
of a box, 2 cylinders, and a polygonal (hexagonal) prism
with a subtracted cylinder.
The view name appears on the list. You can change it
by clicking the Rename icon.
NOTE: You could have created an assembly of the entire
model (see "Parts and Assemblies" on page 645), but
selecting objects, then creating and adding a standard view
creates an assembly automatically. Note that the Plan view
appears under the Assembly header.
Note: You can use the Smart Dimension tool
1.
First, select the objects you want to include in the view.
In this case, select all the objects.
2.
In the Drafting Palette, select the standard view from
the lower group of icons. Start with a Plan view - the
preview appears in the palette window.
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4.
Switch to Paper Space. (You can insert views into
Model Space as well, but Paper Space is more
appropriate.)
5.
Highlight the view name, and click Insert into
Drawing.
For updates and additional information,
Chapter 16 Paper Space and Printing
6.
7.
Place the view into the Paper Space. In this case, the
scale is too large.
9.
Add it to the list.
10.
Use Insert into Drawing, or simply drag it from the
palette (drag either the view’s name or drag the
preview) into the drawing. Again, the scale is too
large.
11.
To set the scale to that of the Plan view, simply drag
the Front view over the Plan view. It assumes the
same scale.
Press Tab to access the Scale field, and enter the new
scale value.
The view is now half as large.
NOTE: You can also change a view’s scale in the Format page
of its Properties.
8.
For the next view, create a Front view.
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12.
This also aligns the Front view to the Plan view. You
can move the Front view up and down, but not left or
right. (To break this alignment, but preserve the
modified scale, press Shift).
14.
When this view is inserted, the scale is too large and
the orientation is incorrect, relative to the Plan view.
15.
Drag the section view over the Plan view. This not
only sets the scale, but also sets the orientation.
NOTE: You can always move an aligned view (or any view), by
selecting it and dragging its reference point. See "Moving
Objects in Select Edit" on page 200.
13.
The available standard views also include section
views. Create a Sectional View Right.
If you press Shift here to break the alignment, the
rotation will also change back. Only the modified scale
is preserved.
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Here are the three views created so far. You can change
the hatch pattern of section views in the Section Brush
page of the view’s Properties.
16.
17.
Insert this view. Because it is isometric, if you try to set
the scale by dragging it over one of the other views, the
alignment will be diagonal. Therefore, set the scale
manually using the Scale field.
18.
To change the appearance of any view, double-click it
in Select mode to open its Properties. For the
isometric view, open the Pen Hidden page. Set the
Pattern to Invisible so that hidden lines will not be
displayed.
For the last standard view, create an ISO_SE view.
NOTE: For other Properties options, see "Properties of
Standard Views" on page 655.
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Here is the modified isometric view.
19.
20.
21.
22.
First select the view whose sectional view you want to
create.
23.
Then select the view line, in this case, the polyline.
24.
In the next step you define the viewing direction.
Move the cursor to switch between the two direction
options.
25.
Click when the direction is correct.
Finally, the last view will be a sectional view created
from one of the existing views. Use a Polyline to draw
a multi-segmented section line on the Plan view.
Click Create by View Line.
If you want to assign text to the view (such as a letter),
enter it in the Text field of the Inspector Bar.
NOTE: You can also change the viewing direction after the
section line is created. Open the section line’s Properties to
the Format page, and check (or uncheck) Forward Side.
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The aligned view is created and is listed in the Drafting
Palette, even though it does not yet appear in the
drawing.
26.
The view is no longer “unfolded.”
Insert the aligned view into the drawing, setting the
scale according to the Plan view.
By default, this is an Aligned view - what you see is
equivalent to “unfolding” the polyline.
28.
27.
For another way to change an aligned section view, use
the Edit Tool on the polyline (see "Edit Tool" on page
219).
To switch to a non-aligned view, open the view’s
Properties to the Format page. Deselect Aligned
View.
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29.
Change the polyline by moving, adding, or deleting
nodes. The sectional view updates as you change the
polyline.
In this example, the lower view is a sectional view looking
in the direction of Line A-A.
And this is the section taken at Line A-A.
30.
If you want to add or change characters on the section
line, use the General and Text pages of the section
line’s Properties. See "Properties of Section Lines" on
page 656.
Note that there is a difference between a section and a
sectional view. The 3D function Section (see "Sectioning
Solids" on page 456) creates an actual section of a 3D object,
whereas a sectional view is what you see when looking in the
direction of the section line.
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Properties of Standard Views
Pen Properties
For each standard view, the Properties window contains
options for changing the scale, pen for visible and hidden
lines, and section brushes.
Properties of visible and hidden lines.
Format Properties
This window enables you to change the Scale of the view.
Part of projection enables you set pen properties of hidden
and visible lines of different objects in the view.
For other options on this page, see "Pen Properties" on page
81.
Brush Rotation: Sets whether the brush pattern rotates or
not when a section line has internal nodes and offsets.
Section Brush Properties
Properties of the hatching of section views.
Angle: Specifies the angle of brush rotation, if the brush
pattern is rotatable
Suppress tangency hidden lines: Suppresses overdrawing
where two or more lines are overlapping because of
tangency.
Part of projection enables you to set brush properties for
different objects in the view.
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For other options on this page, see "Brush Properties" on
page 82.
Adjustment: Moves the text in the opposite direction of
Gap.
Properties of Section Lines
A line or polyline can be used to create a section view.
Force Text Horizontal: Text will be horizontal regardless of
the section line orientation.
General Properties
Format Properties
Use the Attributes field to enter or edit characters you want
to appear on the section line. The Text window contains
formatting options for this text.
These are properties that define the appearance of the section
line, and the type of section created.
Text Properties
If you entered characters in the Attributes field of the
General page, this window contains text formatting options.
View Line:
• Forward Side: Enables you to switch the viewing
direction of the section line.
• Aligned View: Select this if you want the section to be
created assuming the section line is “unfolded.” If
unchecked, the section will be created assuming a
uniform viewing direction.
Elbows: These are the thick additions to the section lines
that appear at interior corners and at the ends.
Position: Sets the side of the arrow where the text will be
located.
Gap: Moves the text away from the tip of the arrowhead.
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Viewports
Inserting Viewports
The following example will be used to demonstrate the use
of viewports. To try it yourself, open the file clamp.tcw in
the Samples\3D Samples folder.
Viewports are used in Paper Space to display one or more
views of your model. A viewport has two components: a
boundary and the view that it contains. You can only insert
views that have already been created - see "Creating a View"
on page 103.
1.
Switch to Model Space, and select View / Named
View. Several views have already been defined. (For
details on named views, see "Saving Views" on page
102.)
2.
There is already one Paper Space tab, containing
several viewports. Right-click on the tab and select
Insert to create a clean Paper Space.
3.
Select Insert / Viewport (or use the Insert Viewport
icon) and define a rectangular boundary in one corner.
NOTE: If you want to insert standard views (views you do not
have to pre-define), see "Drafting Palette - Creating Standard
Views" on page 643
Typically, multiple viewports are created so that you can
show several view of the model. If you make changes to your
model, any relevant views in the viewports will
automatically update.
Once a viewport is created, you can use 2D tools and
annotation tools (Text, Dimensions, Hatching, etc.) to
enhance the Paper Space.
You also have the option of saving a viewport’s contents as
an image. This is handy for rendering objects in viewports,
because it is faster to display an image than to render an
object. See "Cache Properties" on page 660.
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4.
5.
In the Named View window, select the desired view
(in this case, Plan). Clicking Go To will display the
view without closing the window; this is a good way to
check that the view is correct, If you double-click a
named view, the view will fill the viewport and the
window will close.
Local menu option:
Shaped Viewport: Enables you to use any closed 2D object
as the viewport boundary.
1.
In the Paper Space drawing sheet, use the 2D tools to
create the closed boundary, in this case, a circle.
2.
Activate Insert Viewport with the Shaped Viewport
option. Select the closed boundary you just created.
3.
Select a view as before, in this case, ISO.
Insert another viewport containing the Front view.
Once a viewport is created, the view inside it can be changed
(as well as other parameters) by accessing its Properties.
See "Viewport Properties" on page 659.
TIP: If you want to create a viewport of the same size as an
existing one, you can copy it (see "Copying Objects" on page
206). You can then open its Properties to select another view.
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Background: If Transparent is not used, you can set a color
for the viewport background.
Viewport Properties
Scale: Sets the ratio of the viewing scale for the viewport. To
set the scale, check the Fixed box and then select or enter the
scale. The viewport boundaries do not change, so if the scale
increases the view, it may extend past the boundaries.
Options for the viewport appearance and the objects it
contains.
NOTE: If dimensions are included in the viewport, the
dimension is associative with the viewport. This means that
the dimension is scaled simultaneously with the scaling of the
viewport. To make the dimension non-associative, select both
the viewport and the dimension and choose Drop link from
the local menu.
View Name: Shows all available views. You can use this list
to select another view to fill the viewport.
Layer Name: Shows all drawing layers. You can check all
layers you want displayed.
Override Layer Visibility: If this option is on the viewport
ignores global layer visibility and uses its own set of visible
layers. By default this property is on. But when an
DWG/DXF is imported this property is set to “off”.
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Rendering: If you want the view inside a viewport to be
rendered, check the desired render type on the left side of the
Properties window.
Visible Box: Displays or hides the viewport boundary line.
TIP: When a viewport’s boundary is invisible, it can be hard to
select the viewport. You can also use F6 to scroll through the
viewports while selecting.
Layer Set: See "Layer Sets" on page 120.
Viewport is On: This option allows you to show or hide the
content of the viewport. If the option is deselected the
content of the viewport will be hidden.
Cache Properties
Options for storing images in viewports.
NOTE: If Hidden Line, Draft, or Quality mode is specified,
you can explode the viewport. An exploded viewport becomes
a Group of graphics or Picture object, which you can verify in
the Selection Info Palette.
Rendering for print only: The rendered view appears only
when printed, not on the screen.
Lock Camera: Using Space Change through a viewport
allows you to maneuver the view into model space by
panning and turning. The Lock Camera setting causes the
view to automatically return to the camera location and
direction that were in place before using space change.
Use Cache Image: The viewport image will be stored as a
picture, so that the image does not have to be regenerated.
This is handy for large, rendered images that can take time to
generate.
Update: If Manual is selected, the generated picture will be
updated after you select Update Viewport Cache.
The remaining options on this page control the quality and
size of the generated picture.
Lock Scale: Using Space Change through a viewport allows
you to maneuver the view into model space through
zooming. The Lock Scale setting causes the view to
automatically return to the zoom level and view scale that
were in place before using space change.
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Update Viewport Boundary
2.
Activate Update Viewport Boundary, and select the
boundary to change. Then select the new boundary.
A viewport’s boundaries can be replaced with any closed 2D
object. This is useful in cases like the one shown below, in
which the viewport on the right is partially hidden beneath
the other two viewports.
If the new boundary is too large or too small for the view
inside, you can open the viewport Properties and change the
Scale.
1.
Create the closed 2D object you want to use as the new
boundary. In this case, the top left viewport boundary
will be replaced with an ellipse.
TIP: The conventional way to select the viewport is to click its
boundary. It can sometimes be hard to select the viewport if its
boundary is invisible. In this case, use F6 or F7 to scroll
through the viewports.
Overlapping Viewports
Viewports behave like standard 2D objects, in terms of their
stacking order and overlapping. You can adjust overlapping
viewports using the Format menu (Bring to Front, Send to
Back, etc.). See "Stacking Objects" on page 248.
Floating Model Space
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Enables you to use Model Space tools within a viewport in
Paper Space. This is useful for making minor adjustments to
your model within Paper Space, without having to switch to
Model Space. Any substantial changes, however, should be
done in Model Space.
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1.
Select the viewport you want to use to edit the model.
2.
Select Model Space (Floating).
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3.
The viewport is outlined in bold. You can now make
minor edits using most of the Model Space tools.
4.
Click outside the viewport to finish editing and return
to Paper Space.
WARNING: If you rotate the view in a floating viewport, the view
will not return to its original position when you return to Paper
Space.
Exploding Viewports
Wireframe Mode Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum
only
All Other Modes Available in TurboCAD Platinum only
You can exploded a viewport. Wireframe views and Hidden
line views are turned into 2D entities. If the viewport is in a
rendered (Draft, Quality, advanced) mode the result will be a
2D image.
Printer Paper and the Drawing Sheet
One potentially confusing concept is that of the printer paper
versus the drawing sheet. Printer paper means the physical
sheets of paper that go through the printer. The drawing sheet
is the total surface area on which your drawing will be
printed. The drawing sheet can correspond to a single sheet
of printer paper, or it can span multiple sheets of printer
paper.
Both the printer paper and the drawing sheet have adjustable
sizes and orientations. This provides a great deal of
flexibility when you want to print a large drawing on
multiple sheets. You could, for example, print a poster in
landscape orientation three feet wide and two feet tall. You
could print this virtual sheet out on 32 sheets of 8.5" x 11"
paper oriented in portrait, or on 30 sheets of the same size
paper oriented in landscape.
Simple Printing and Tiled Printing
To make a simple print of a drawing that fits on one sheet:
To work Non-Renderable objects must be turned off in the
viewport rendering mode you have selected.
1.
Select the viewport.
2.
Click Explode.
Printing
TurboCAD has a wide range of printing features, enabling
you to scale and center your drawing on the page or to tile
your drawing across multiple pages. TurboCAD also
provides a full range of advanced printing options for
experienced users.
1.
Select File / Print to open the Print window.
2.
For Print Range, click All to print your entire
drawing.
3.
Check Fit on 1 Page.
4.
Select the printer, and click Properties to set the paper
size and orientation.
5.
Return to the Print window, and click OK to print
your drawing. Your drawing will be centered and
printed on a single sheet of paper.
If your drawing is larger than the printer sheet, as it is in most
cases, you need to use tiled printing. This method prints
sections of your drawing on separate pages, which can then
be pieced together. The Page Setup is used to set parameters
for tiled printing (see "Page Setup" on page 664).
Paper Space is the work mode used for layout your drawing
for printing. See "Paper Space" on page 641.
NOTE: Under Windows, plotters are treated as printers.
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TIP: When tile printing, it is usually best to turn the Print Crop
Marks option on, unless your printer is capable of printing with
zero margins. Crop marks enable you to easily trim the edges
of the paper so that the sheets can be pasted onto a backing
for display.
An example of tiled printing is as follows:
1.
Select File / Page Setup.
2.
On the Paper page, use the Printer Paper field to
specify the paper and orientation.
3.
In the Drawing Sheet Size fields, specify the size and
orientation of the area on which you want to print the
drawing. For example, if you want a printout 2 feet tall
and 3 feet wide, you would type 2 ft x 3 ft in the list
box, and choose the Landscape option. Or you can
select a standard size.
4.
Click Fit to place your drawing on the tiled sheets.
5.
Click Print to print your drawing immediately, or click
OK and print later using File / Print.
Another way to tile print is to specify the number of rows
(the number of pages from top to bottom) and columns (the
number of pages from left to right). This is done on the
Layout page of the Page Setup. You can then return to the
Paper page to fit your drawing onto the tiled printer paper.
TurboCAD will automatically adjust the dimensions of the
drawing sheet to accommodate changes in the number of
rows and columns.
Print Options
Hotkey: Ctrl+P
Icon on Standard Toolbar:
Provides a set of tools for printing a single view of a drawing,
or printing specific sheets drawing spanning multiple sheets
of paper.
Printer: Select a printer and manipulate its properties.
• Name: Select the desired printer from the drop-down
list. All printers set up on your system should appear
on this list.
• Properties: Opens the Properties window for the
selected printer.
• Page Setup: Controls exactly how drawings will be
printed. See "Page Setup" on page 664.
• Default Printer: Selects the Windows default printer.
• Print to File: Prints the document as a file instead of
routing it directly to a printer. You will be prompted to
specify the filename and location.
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Print Range: Options for setting a specific view of the
drawing to print, and for selecting a range of pages when
printing a drawing that spans multiple printed sheets.
Page Setup
Menu: File / Page Setup
Controls exactly how drawings will be printed. The three
pages of this window are Paper, Layout, and Rendering.
TIP: This is useful for printing tiled drawings if you only want
to print specific pages.
• All: Prints the entire current drawing. If you choose
Selection under Print Source, only objects that are
selected will be printed. If your drawing spans
multiple printer sheets, the total number of sheets will
be shown in this option title.
• View: Prints a single view of the drawing. You can
print the current view by default, or click in the list box
and choose any named view.
NOTE: Page Setup is different than the Page Setup Wizard
(see "Page Setup Wizard" on page 35), but any relevant
parameters set in the Wizard will appear in Page Setup as
well.
• Pages: Prints a range of pages if the Page Layout is
set to print multiple pages. The printer sheets are
counted starting in the lower-left corner from left to
right, and from bottom to top.
After setting the parameters in this window, you can either
print directly from the Page Setup (click Print), or click OK
to accept the changes and return to the drawing. You can then
print using File / Print, and the Page Setup settings will be
used.
• Fit on 1 Page: Prints everything on a single page. This
option can be used either for printing a view or printing
the entire drawing.
TIP: You can also access the Page Setup via the Print
window.
Print Source: Select what you want to print.
• Drawing: Prints the current drawing.
• Selection: Prints only selected objects.
Color Mode:
• Normal: Uses the predefined printer settings.
• Gray tint: Used for color printers. Disables color
mode and prints in black and white, using grey tints for
other colors.
• Black only: Disables color mode and prints in black
only; no grey tints are used.
Copies: Sets the number of copies and whether you want
multiple copies to be collated.
Print Styles: Sets the print style to be used while printing.
See "Print Style Options" on page 667.
Full Preview: Previews your drawing before printing.
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Page Setup - Paper
Sets the size, orientation, and other parameters of the printer
paper and the drawing sheet.
The printer paper is the physical paper that goes through the
printer; the drawing sheet is the area on which your drawing
will be printed, which can span multiple sheets of printer
paper.
The page display on the right will reflect the relationship
between printer paper and drawing sheet. The drawing sheet
size will be shown in white (or a custom color if one has been
set), and the dashed lines show individual pages of paper.
Changing the drawing sheet size may change the number of
columns and rows.
Options: Enables you to set what elements are printed.
These options affect only the printing of the drawing and are
not reflected in the appearance of the drawing on screen.
• Print Margins: Prints a border along the margin of the
printer sheets. This is useful for framing a drawing that
is printed on a single sheet.
• Print Crop Marks: Prints crop marks on the printer
sheets. This is useful if you want to print across
multiple printer sheets and crop the sheets so they can
be pasted together. You may need to increase your
margins to make room for the crop marks.
• Print Grid: Prints the grid, as long as it currently
displayed. See "Grid" on page 107.
• Print Construction: Prints construction geometry.
See "Construction Geometry" on page 121.
NOTE: These settings are not retained with the drawing file.
Printer Paper: Sets the size and orientation of the printer
paper. These options can also be set via the Print window.
• Setup: Enables you to choose another printer or access
functions that directly control your printer. This
window is specific to your printer driver, so check your
printer or printer driver documentation for details.
Printing Scale: Scales the drawing so that it fits within the
drawing sheet (click Fit), or you can choose a custom scale.
If the desired scale does not appear in the list, you can type
directly using the format 1 in = 1 ft.
Keep Centered: Keeps the drawing centered on the drawing
sheet. It may be necessary to turn this option off, then on
again, for the desired effect.
• Default Printer: Sets the printer paper parameters to
those of the default printer.
Drawing Sheet Size: Controls the size and orientation of the
area on which your drawing will be printed. This area can be
imposed on a single sheet of printer paper, or it can span
multiple sheets of printer paper. Its orientation can also be set
separately from the orientation of the printer paper.
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Page Setup - Layout
Controls the number of rows and columns (sheets of printer
paper arranged vertically and horizontally), as well as other
paper parameters.
Origin: Enables you to move the paper to a different location
in the drawing. Specify the location of the lower-left corner
of the paper in absolute coordinates. This feature is useful if
you want to print a particular area of a large drawing by
relocating the paper to the area that you want to print.
Page Setup - Rendering
Sets the resolution at which a rendered drawing will be
printed.
Margins: Margins are the dotted rectangle lines inside the
edges of the paper, that let you know whether you are
drawing inside or outside the printable area of your drawing.
You can specify the top, bottom, left, and right margins of the
printer paper in Paper units. You can also enter units other
than the default units.
• Get Margins from Printer: Sets the minimum
margins for your printer and page size.
Rows / Columns: Sets the number of rows and columns of
printer sheet paper for tiled printing. As you increase the
number of rows and columns, the Drawing Sheet Size (the
area on which your drawing will be printed) increases
accordingly.
Printing quality for Rendered Images: Select the
resolution for printing rendered drawings.
NOTE: When the resolution is set to a value that is higher than
the maximum resolution supported by the printer, the image
will be printed at the printer's maximum resolution.
Printing from Model Space
To get a printed copy of the objects appearing in the current
window view, you can use File / Print and choose to print
the current view.
World Height / Width, Paper Height / Width: Sets the
dimensions of the drawing sheet in world or paper units. As
you change these values, the number of rows and columns
will automatically update.
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Print Style Options
To Specify the Type of Styles Used
The Print Styles Option dialog allows you to View and
Specify the current print style.
1.
Open the Print Styles Dialog.
2.
Use the option button to specify whether you want
named or color based print styles.
To set the Current Print Style
1.
Open the Print Styles Dialog.
Print Styles
2.
Select the Style from the Print Style Table Name
drop-down.
Enable you to change color, line style, and brush of an object
when you send the drawing to print. These settings do not
affect the objects on the screen, only how objects are printed.
Print Style Manager
Menu: Tools / Print Style Manager
Print styles can be created, modified, or imported via the
Print Style manager.
Selecting Print Style Type
You can use two different Print Style type: Named Based and
Color Based. Only one type of styles can be used in a
drawing at the same time.
STB / Name Based Print Styles
Name based print styles correspond to AutoCAD STB files.
They map a named style to a specific print presentation and
group of settings.
CTB / Color Based Print Styles
Color based print styles correspond to AutoCAD CTB files.
They map each indexed colors to a specific print presentation
and group settings.
View Style: Opens the Properties window for the selected
style.
New: Enables you to create a new table, or a new style within
the selected table. You can also duplicate items, and import
AutoCAD plot styles.
NOTE: These features are also available by right-clicking in
the table list area.
Delete and Rename: Removes or renames the selected table
or style. Deleting a style cannot be undone.
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TurboCAD Reference Manual
Print Style Properties
To access the properties of any print style, select the style and
click View Style.
Select “Other” from the drop-down menu to open the Print
Style manager.
NOTE: Certain types of objects cannot display print styles.
Publish as HTML
Pen Settings: Sets the pattern (line style), color, and width
for the pen that will be applied to an object during printing.
Brush Settings: Sets the pattern and color for filling objects
during printing. This only applies to objects to which a brush
has been assigned.
Available in TurboCAD Pro and Platinum only
Enables you to export your drawing as an HTML file. You
can export the whole drawing or any of its workspaces.
Applying Print Styles
Once print styles have been created and/or modified, you can
add them to your drawing via the Print Style page of the
Drawing Setup (Options / Print Styles). While in Paper
Space, you can also access this page through the Properties
window.
An object’s print style is set in the General page of its
Properties.
Save: Select the folder path or click the arrow button to
browse. The *.htm file will be created in this folder, as well
as two subfolders to store the graphic images for Paper and
Model Spaces.
Publish: Click to publish the selected workspaces to HTML.
Format: Sets the export format associated with each
workspace. Click the column to open the format list. You can
choose from *.gif, *.jpg, *.png, *.wrl, *.dwf, and *.mtx.
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For updates and additional information,
Chapter 16 Paper Space and Printing
NOTE: To display *.wrl and *.dwf formats, you need to have an
application that will transfer such drawings to your Internet
browser. Otherwise you may receive a warning message.
Publish to HTML Layout
Sets the HTML page layout. This window appears when
publishing HTML files for one or more workspac