RCoax SIMATIC NET Industrial Wireless LAN

RCoax SIMATIC NET Industrial Wireless LAN
1
___________________
Preface
Basics of RCoax
SIMATIC NET
Industrial Wireless LAN
RCoax
System Manual
2
3
___________________
Product overview
4
___________________
Installation
5
___________________
Connecting
Designing and calculating
RCoax systems
6
___________________
7
Technical data
1/2017
C79000-G8976-C189-13
Legal information
Warning notice system
This manual contains notices you have to observe in order to ensure your personal safety, as well as to prevent
damage to property. The notices referring to your personal safety are highlighted in the manual by a safety alert
symbol, notices referring only to property damage have no safety alert symbol. These notices shown below are
graded according to the degree of danger.
DANGER
indicates that death or severe personal injury will result if proper precautions are not taken.
WARNING
indicates that death or severe personal injury may result if proper precautions are not taken.
CAUTION
indicates that minor personal injury can result if proper precautions are not taken.
NOTICE
indicates that property damage can result if proper precautions are not taken.
If more than one degree of danger is present, the warning notice representing the highest degree of danger will
be used. A notice warning of injury to persons with a safety alert symbol may also include a warning relating to
property damage.
Qualified Personnel
The product/system described in this documentation may be operated only by personnel qualified for the specific
task in accordance with the relevant documentation, in particular its warning notices and safety instructions.
Qualified personnel are those who, based on their training and experience, are capable of identifying risks and
avoiding potential hazards when working with these products/systems.
Proper use of Siemens products
Note the following:
WARNING
Siemens products may only be used for the applications described in the catalog and in the relevant technical
documentation. If products and components from other manufacturers are used, these must be recommended
or approved by Siemens. Proper transport, storage, installation, assembly, commissioning, operation and
maintenance are required to ensure that the products operate safely and without any problems. The permissible
ambient conditions must be complied with. The information in the relevant documentation must be observed.
Trademarks
All names identified by ® are registered trademarks of Siemens AG. The remaining trademarks in this publication
may be trademarks whose use by third parties for their own purposes could violate the rights of the owner.
Disclaimer of Liability
We have reviewed the contents of this publication to ensure consistency with the hardware and software
described. Since variance cannot be precluded entirely, we cannot guarantee full consistency. However, the
information in this publication is reviewed regularly and any necessary corrections are included in subsequent
editions.
Siemens AG
Division Process Industries and Drives
Postfach 48 48
90026 NÜRNBERG
GERMANY
C79000-G8976-C189-13
Ⓟ 01/2017 Subject to change
Copyright © Siemens AG 2010 - 2017.
All rights reserved
Table of contents
1
Preface ................................................................................................................................................... 5
2
Basics of RCoax ..................................................................................................................................... 7
3
4
5
6
2.1
Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 7
2.2
Construction of RCoax cables .................................................................................................. 9
2.3
Function of RCoax cables .......................................................................................................10
2.4
Note on usage .........................................................................................................................11
Product overview .................................................................................................................................. 13
3.1
RCoax cables ..........................................................................................................................13
3.2
Access points ..........................................................................................................................14
3.3
Client modules ........................................................................................................................16
3.4
RCoax accessories .................................................................................................................18
3.5
Antennas .................................................................................................................................21
Installation ............................................................................................................................................ 23
4.1
Fitting connector to RCoax cable ............................................................................................23
4.2
Installation ...............................................................................................................................29
4.3
Mounting the fixing clip and spacer ........................................................................................30
4.4
Example of an overhead monorail ..........................................................................................32
4.5
Optimizing the system.............................................................................................................33
Connecting ........................................................................................................................................... 35
5.1
Connecting and operating with SCALANCE W78x ................................................................35
5.2
Feeding into RCoax from both ends .......................................................................................38
5.3
Supplying two sections of cable ..............................................................................................39
5.4
Connecting mobile nodes .......................................................................................................40
Designing and calculating RCoax systems ............................................................................................ 41
6.1
Calculating in decibels ............................................................................................................42
6.2
Power specifications ...............................................................................................................43
6.3
Losses with RCoax cables ......................................................................................................45
6.4
System calculation ..................................................................................................................48
6.5
Segment lengths .....................................................................................................................49
RCoax
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Table of contents
7
Technical data ...................................................................................................................................... 51
7.1
RCoax cables ......................................................................................................................... 52
7.2
N-Connect for RCoax – female .............................................................................................. 54
7.3
Antennas for RCoax application ............................................................................................ 55
7.4
Wall mounting ........................................................................................................................ 64
Index .................................................................................................................................................... 69
RCoax
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1
Preface
Purpose of the system manual
This system manual contains both an explanation of the fundamental technical aspects as
well as a description of the individual RCoax components and their functionality.
Installation/commissioning and connection of RCoax components and their operating
principle are explained. The possible applications of the various SIMATIC NET components
are described.
Certification
The products and systems listed in this document are manufactured and marketed using a
quality management system complying with DIN ISO 9001 (Certificate Register no. 2613)
and certified by DQS. The DQS certificate is recognized in all IQNet countries (reg. no.:
2613).
Security information
Siemens provides products and solutions with industrial security functions that support the
secure operation of plants, systems, machines and networks.
In order to protect plants, systems, machines and networks against cyber threats, it is
necessary to implement – and continuously maintain – a holistic, state-of-the-art industrial
security concept. Siemens’ products and solutions only form one element of such a concept.
Customer is responsible to prevent unauthorized access to its plants, systems, machines
and networks. Systems, machines and components should only be connected to the
enterprise network or the internet if and to the extent necessary and with appropriate security
measures (e.g. use of firewalls and network segmentation) in place.
Additionally, Siemens’ guidance on appropriate security measures should be taken into
account. For more information about industrial security, please visit
http://www.siemens.com/industrialsecurity (http://www.siemens.com/industrialsecurity)
Siemens’ products and solutions undergo continuous development to make them more
secure. Siemens strongly recommends to apply product updates as soon as available and to
always use the latest product versions. Use of product versions that are no longer supported,
and failure to apply latest updates may increase customer’s exposure to cyber threats.
To stay informed about product updates, subscribe to the Siemens Industrial Security RSS
Feed under
http://www.siemens.com/industrialsecurity (http://www.siemens.com/industrialsecurity).
RCoax
System Manual, 1/2017, C79000-G8976-C189-13
5
Preface
SIMATIC NET glossary
Explanations of many of the specialist terms used in this documentation can be found in the
SIMATIC NET glossary.
You will find the SIMATIC NET glossary on the Internet at the following address:
50305045 (http://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/view/en/50305045)
Trademarks
The following and possibly other names not identified by the registered trademark sign ® are
registered trademarks of Siemens AG:
SIMATIC NET, SCALANCE, C-PLUG, RCOAX
RCoax
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Basics of RCoax
2.1
2
Introduction
Note
You will find further notes and instructions on the use of RCoax on the Internet at :
(http://support.automation.siemens.com/WW/view/de/18689160/130000/)
Why is an RCoax installation necessary?
In wireless communication, electromagnetic waves are transmitted and received by
antennas. There are, however, conditions in which the transmission or reception range
cannot be covered well or even at all with the transmission and reception range of
conventional antennas. Such conditions can occur in certain buildings ( for example tunnels,
canals and elevator shafts) or in communication involving rail vehicles.
In such situations, the fact that cable also emits electromagnetic waves can be put to good
use if the cable has a suitable physical design. With leaky feeder cables, the emission can
be adapted to the spatial conditions.
The RCoax cables provide a reliable wireless connection without wear and tear particularly
for conveyor systems and all types of rail-guided vehicles (overhead monorails, automated
guided vehicles).
Examples of the use of RCoax cables are as follows:
● Overhead monorail conveyors
● Automated guided vehicles (AGV)
● Cranes
● High bay storage systems
● Transfer lines
● Tool changer carriages
● Tunnels
● Elevators
RCoax
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Basics of RCoax
2.1 Introduction
Short distance between RCoax cable and antenna
The advantage here is that the RF field has a good quality when the distance to the leaky
feeder is short. This ensures that the wireless connection to a node is as good as possible
when its antennas move along the leaky feeder cable if they remain in the close vicinity of
the cable (as is the case, for example, with rail-guided vehicles). It must nevertheless not be
forgotten that the radio waves radiated by the leaky feeder cable exist not only in the
immediate vicinity of the moving node but also that radio waves from third-party systems can
affect the leaky feeder cable. This means that interference to the communication between
antenna and leaky feeder cable or between other wireless components is possible.
Principle of electromagnetic radiation of cables
The determining variables of an electromagnetic wave are an electric and a magnetic field.
These two fields are perpendicular to each other and to the direction of propagation.
Electromagnetic waves can also propagate within a coaxial cable. If the cable has a closed
outer conductor, no electromagnetic radiation can be detected outside this shield and no
electromagnetic fields outside the cable can affect the wave in the inner conductor. If the
outer conductor has slots in it, there is electromagnetic coupling between the inner conductor
and the environment of the cable at these points. In this case, the electromagnetic fields of
the inner conductor can be measured outside the cable. In the other direction, and
electromagnetic field outside the cable can affect the inner conductor.
RCoax
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Basics of RCoax
2.2 Construction of RCoax cables
2.2
Construction of RCoax cables
The typical construction of leaky feeder cables is shown below:
● Inner conductor
● Dielectric:
normally air or a plastic with a low dielectric constant and low HF losses.
● Outer conductor:
with longitudinal and transverse slots. The geometry and number of these slots define the
radiation characteristics of the cable.
● Cable jacket:
The outer insulation of Siemens RCoax cables is flame-retardant and halogen-free
(HLFR).
Figure 2-1
Construction of an RCoax cable
A - Inner conductor
B - Dielectric
C - Outer conductor
D - Cable jacket
RCoax
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Basics of RCoax
2.3 Function of RCoax cables
2.3
Function of RCoax cables
In industrial communication, three types of cable are used mainly as leaky feeders (cables in
radiating mode, cables with slotted sections and cables in coupling mode). Siemens cables
operate in radiating mode.
Cables in radiating mode
Cables in radiating mode have openings in the coaxial shield and the spacing between these
openings is determined by the wavelength or the frequency to be radiated. This means that
the usable frequency of this cable is limited to a comparatively narrow frequency band
because the coupling attenuation rises considerably above and below this nominal
frequency. The advantage is that interference outside this range is attenuated by this
bandpass action.
Figure 2-2
The schematic diagram shows the radiation from a slot in the outer conductor.
The electrical field is in a plane parallel to the cable axis and is shown in gray. The
magnetic field is in a plane perpendicular to the cable axis and is shown in hatched gray.
Both fields are perpendicular to the direction of propagation (black arrows).
RCoax
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Basics of RCoax
2.4 Note on usage
2.4
Note on usage
Siemens cables operate in radiating mode and, similar to a cable with slotted sections, have
been optimized for the particular transmission frequency by the special arrangement of the
openings in the shield.
Different RCoax cables are required for the 2.4 GHz and 5 to 6 GHz range.
Note
Within the area of an RCoax installation, there should be no other wireless networks
operating in the same frequency range.
RCoax
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Basics of RCoax
2.4 Note on usage
RCoax
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3
Product overview
3.1
RCoax cables
Due to slots in the outer conductor, the SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax cable 1/2"
has the function of an antenna and is available in the following frequency bands:
RCoax cable
Article no.
2.4 GHz
6XV1875-2A
5 GHz
6XV1875-2D
Note
Technical specifications
You will find technical information on these products in the section "Technical specifications
(Page 51)".
RCoax
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13
Product overview
3.2 Access points
3.2
Access points
SCALANCE W700
The SCALANCE W700 access points with one or more wireless interfaces are suitable for
setting up Industrial Wireless LANs. Both infrastructure networks and point-to-point links can
be implemented. The most important characteristics of the various product variants are
shown in the table below. You will find detailed information in the documentation of the
relevant device.
Type
Connectors for external antennas
R-SMA
W761-1 RJ45
N-Connect
1
Number of
iPCF
connectable mode (1)
devices (3)
4
IEEE
802.11
a/b/g/h
●
IEEE 802.11n Article number
1x1
6GK5 761-1FC00-0AA0
6GK5 761-1FC00-0AB0 (4)
W774-1 RJ45
2
8
● (2)
●
2x2
6GK5 774-1FX00-0AA0
6GK5 774-1FX00-0AB0 (4)
6GK5774-1FX00-0AC0 (5)
W774-1 M12
2
8
● (2)
●
3x3
6GK5 774-1FY00-0TA0
6GK5 774-1FY00-0TB0 (4)
W774-1 M12
EEC
2
W778-1 M12
2
8
● (2)
●
3x3
6GK5 774-1FY00-0TA0
6GK5 774-1FY00-0TB0 (4)
8
● (2)
●
3x3
6GK5 774-1FY00-0TA0
6GK5 774-1FY00-0TB0 (4)
W788-1 M12
3
8
● (2)
●
3x3
6GK5 788-1GD00-0AA0
6GK5 788-1GD00-0AB0
(4)
W788-2 M12
6
8
● (2)
●
3x3
6GK5 788-2GD00-0AA0
6GK5 788-2GD00-0AB0
(4)
W788-2 M12
EEC
6
8
● (2)
●
3x3
6GK5 788-2GD00-0TA0
6GK5 788-2GD00-0TB0
(4)
W788-1 RJ-45
3
8
● (2)
●
3x3
6GK5 788-1FC00-0AA0
6GK5 788-1FC00-0AB0
(4)
W788-2 RJ-45
6
8
● (2)
●
3x3
6GK5 788-2FC00-0AA0
6GK5 788-2FC00-0AB0
(4)
6GK5 788-2FC00-0AC0 (5)
W786-1 RJ-45
3
8
● (2)
●
3x3
6GK5786-1FC00-0AA0
6GK5786-1FC00-0AB0
(4)
6GK5786-2FC00-0AC0 (5)
W786-2 RJ-45
6
8
● (2)
●
3x3
6GK5 786-2FC00-0AA0
6GK5 786-2FC00-0AB0
(4)
RCoax
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Product overview
3.2 Access points
Type
Connectors for external antennas
R-SMA
N-Connect
W786-2IA RJ-45
Number of
iPCF
connectable mode (1)
devices (3)
8
● (2)
IEEE
802.11
a/b/g/h
●
IEEE 802.11n Article number
3x3
6GK5 786-2HC00-0AA0
6GK5 786-2HC00-0AB0
(4)
W786-2 SFP
6
8
●
3x3
6GK5 786-1FE00-0AA0
W788C-2 RJ-45
6
8
● (2)
●
3x3
6GK5 788-2FC00-0AA0
W788C-2 M12
6
8
●
3x3
6GK5 788-2GD00-0AA0
W788C-2 M12
EEC
6
8
●
3x3
6GK5 788-2GD00-1TA0
8
●
3x3
6GK5 786-2FC00-0AA0
8
●
3x3
6GK5 786-2HC00-0AA0
W786C-2 RJ-45
6
W786C-2IA RJ45
● suitable
(1) The iPCF mode provides an optimized data throughput and minimum handover times.
(2) With KEY-PLUG inserted
(3) In client mode
(4) US variant
(5) Israel variant
RCoax
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Product overview
3.3 Client modules
3.3
Client modules
SCALANCE W700
The SCALANCE W700 client modules establish a connection between wired Ethernet and
Industrial Wireless LAN. The most important characteristics of the various product variants
are shown in the table below. You will find detailed information in the documentation of the
relevant device.
Type
Connectors for external antennas
RSMA
W721-1 RJ45
N-Connect
1
Number of
connectable
devices (3)
iPCF mode IEE
802.11
(1)
a/b/g/h
4
●
IEEE
802.11n
1x1
Article number
6GK5 721-1FC00-0AA0
6GK5 721-1FC00-0AB0 (4)
W722-1 RJ45
1
4
● (2)
●
1x1
6GK5 722-1FC00-0AA0
W734-1 RJ45
2
8
● (2)
●
2x2
6GK5 734-1FX00-0AA0
● (2)
●
2x2
6GK5738-1GY00-0AA0
6GK5 722-1FC00-0AB0 (4)
6GK5 734-1FX00-0AB0 (4)
W738-1 M12
2
8
W748-1 M12
3
8
●
3x3
6GK5 748-1GD00-0AA0
8
●
3x3
6GK5 748-1FC00-0AA0
6GK5738-1GY00-0AB0 (4)
6GK5 748-1GD00-0A B0 (4)
W748-1 RJ-45
3
6GK5 748-1FC00-0A B0 (4)
● suitable
(1) The iPCF mode provides an optimized data throughput and minimum handover times.
(2) With KEY-PLUG inserted
(3) In client mode
(4) US variant
Mobile Panel 277 IWLAN
The Mobile Panel is a mobile HMI device for tasks of medium complexity for use in
PROFIBUS DP networks or in PROFINET environments. Apart from the standard HMI
functionality, the range of applications can be expanded by the WinCC flexible options Smart
Access, Smart Service and Audit.
RCoax
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Product overview
3.3 Client modules
ET 200pro IWLAN
The SIMATIC ET 200pro is an I/O system that can be mounted directly on the machine. To
achieve this, various interface modules are available for connection to PROFINET or
PROFIBUS both in standard and fail-safe versions. For communication between the ET
200pro and higher-level controllers via Industrial Wireless LAN (IWLAN) networks, you
require an interface module.
Type
Connectors for external iPCF mode (1)
antennas
R-SMA
IWLAN/PB
Link PN IO
Mobile Panel
277 (F) IWLAN
N-Connect
1
●
IEEE
802.11
a/b/g/h
IEEE
802.11n
●
Article number
6GK1 417-5AB00
6GK1 417-5AB01(2)
2
●
●
Mobile Panel 277 IWLAN
•
6AV6645-0Dxxx-xxx1
• 6AV6645-0Fxxx-xxx1 (2)
Mobile Panel 277F IWLAN
Interface module
IM 154-6 PN HF
IWLAN
2
●
●
•
6AV6645-0Exxx-xxx1
•
6AV6645-0Gxxx-xxx1 (2)
6ES7 154-6AB00-0AB0
6ES7 154-6AB50-0AB0 (2)
● suitable
(1) The iPCF mode provides an optimized data throughput and minimum handover times.
(2) US variant
RCoax
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Product overview
3.4 RCoax accessories
3.4
RCoax accessories
The components listed are suitable for use with 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz RCoax cables:
Component
Description
Article number
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax
N-Connect Female
N-Connector On-Site-Assembly
RCoax cable connector for attaching further components,
connector N-connect female.
6GK5 798-0CN00-0AA0
SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax Threaded
Washer M6 for Cable Clip 1/2'' – pack of
10
RCoax threaded washer M6 for fixing clip
6GK5 798-8MC00-0AC1
SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax Threaded
Washer M6 for Cable Clip 1/2'' – pack of
100
RCoax threaded washer M6 for fixing clip
6GK5 798-8MC00-0AM1
SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax Spacer
85 mm for Cable Clip 1/2'' – pack of 10
RCoax spacer 85 mm for fixing clip
6GK5 798-8MD00-0AC1
SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax Spacer
85 mm for Cable Clip 1/2'' – pack of 100
RCoax spacer 85 mm for fixing clip
6GK5 798-8MD00-0AM1
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax
N-Connect Stripping Tool
Stripping tool for an RCoax cable.
6GK1901-1PH00
SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax Cable Clip
1/2'' – pack of 10
RCoax fixing clip
6GK5 798-8MB00-0AC1
SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax Cable Clip
1/2'' – pack of 100
RCoax fixing clip
6GK5 798-8MB00-0AM1
Table: RCoax accessories that are described in this system manual.
Note
Technical specifications
You will find technical information on these products in the section "Technical specifications
(Page 51)".
Component
Description
Article number
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoTerminator for an RCoax cable. Impedance 50 Ω, N- 6GK5 795-1TN00-1AA0
ax/Antenna N-Connect Male Termination Connect, male.
Impedance 50 Ω
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax/Antenna RSMA male Termination
Impedance 50 (ohms) I795-1R
R-SMA terminator for fitting to the unused antenna
socket of a SCALANCE W7xx when using one antenna only. Impedance 50 Ω, R-SMA male connector.
6GK5 795-1TR10-0AA6
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax/Antenna N-Connect Female Power
Splitter 2-way
Two-way power splitter, three N-Connect female
connectors.
6GK5 798-0SN00-0EA0
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax/Antenna Connection Cable NConnect male/male, preassembled
Flexible connecting cable for connecting two RCoax
cables. Preassembled with two N-Connect male
connectors.
Length 1 m.
6XV1 875-5AH10
1m
RCoax
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Product overview
3.4 RCoax accessories
Component
Description
Article number
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax/Antenna Connection Cable NConnect male/male, preassembled
Flexible connecting cable for connecting two RCoax
cables. Preassembled with two N-Connect male
connectors.
Length 2 m.
6XV1 875-5AH20
Flexible connecting cable for connecting two RCoax
cables. Preassembled with two N-Connect male
connectors.
Length 5 m.
6XV1 875-5AH50
Flexible connecting cable for connecting two RCoax
cables. Preassembled with two N-Connect male
connectors.
Length 10 m.
6XV1 875-5AN10
Flexible connecting cable for connecting an RCoax
cable or an antenna to a SCALANCE W7xx. Preassembled with two N-Connect male connectors and
R-SMA male.
Length 0.3 m.
6XV1 875-5CE30
6XV1 875-5CH10
1m
Flexible connecting cable for connecting an RCoax
cable or an antenna to a SCALANCE W7xx. Preassembled with two N-Connect male connectors and
R-SMA male.
Length 1 m.
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax/Antenna Connection Cable NConnect/RSMA male/male, preassembled
Flexible connecting cable for connecting an RCoax
cable or an antenna to a SCALANCE W7xx. Preassembled with two N-Connect male connectors and
R-SMA male. Length 2 m
6XV1 875-5CH20
Flexible connecting cable for connecting an RCoax
cable or an antenna to a SCALANCE W7xx. Preassembled with two N-Connect male connectors and
R-SMA male.
Length 5 m.
6XV1 875-5CH50
Flexible connecting cable for connecting an RCoax
cable or an antenna to a SCALANCE W7xx. Preassembled with two N-Connect male connectors and
R-SMA male.
length 10 m.
6XV1 875-5CN10
Flexible connecting cable for connecting a
SCALANCE W7xx or IWLAN/PB Link PN IO to
components with R-SMA and SMA connectors, for
example cabinet feedthrough. Preassembled with
two R-SMA male to SMA male connectors: Length
0.3 m.
6XV1 875-5DE30
2m
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax/Antenna Connection Cable NConnect male/male, preassembled
5m
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax/Antenna Connection Cable NConnect male/male, preassembled
10 m
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax/Antenna Connection Cable NConnect/RSMA male/male, preassembled
0.3 m
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax/Antenna Connection Cable NConnect/RSMA male/male, preassembled
2m
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax/Antenna Connection Cable NConnect/RSMA male/male, preassembled
5m
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax/Antenna Connection Cable NConnect/RSMA male/male, preassembled
10 m
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax/Antenna Connection Cable
RSMA/SMA male/male, preassembled
0.3 m
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax/Antenna Connection Cable
RSMA/SMA male/male, preassembled
2m
Flexible connecting cable for connecting a
6XV1 875-5DH20
SCALANCE W7xx or IWLAN/PB Link PN IO to
components with R-SMA and SMA connectors, for
example cabinet feedthrough. Preassembled with
two R-SMA male to SMA male connectors: Length 2
m.
RCoax
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Product overview
3.4 RCoax accessories
Component
Description
Article number
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax/Antenna N-Connect male/female
Attenuator 10 dB
10 dB attenuator with N-Connect male /
N-Connect female connectors.
6GK5798-0AP00-4CA0
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoax/Antenna N-Connect/SMA female/female Panel Feedthrough
Panel feedthrough for wall thicknesses up to a maximum of 5.5 mm, SMA female and N-Connect female connectors.
6GK5 798-0PT00-2AA0
SIEMENS SIMATIC NET IWLAN RCoPanel feedthrough/adapter N-N for wall thicknesses
ax/Antenna N-Connect/N-Connect Panel up to a maximum of
Feedthrough
4.5 mm, N-Connect/N-Connect connectors.
6GK5798-2PP00-2AA6
SIMATIC NET IWLAN Lightning Protector LP798-1N
Lightning protector with gas discharge capsule, also
suitable for DC current on the antenna cable.
6GK5 798-2LP00-2AA6
SIMATIC NET IWLAN Lightning Protector LP798-2N
Lightning protector with maintenance-free quarterwave technology for frequencies in the
range 2 to 6 GHz.
6GK5 798-2LP10-2AA6
Table: IWLAN accessories that are described in the "Passive Network Components IWLAN" system manual.
Note
Further information
You will find further information on these accessories in the "Passive Network Components
IWLAN" system manual.
RCoax
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Product overview
3.5 Antennas
3.5
Antennas
RCoax antennas
Component
Description
Article number
IWLAN RCoax N-Connect Female Antenna ANT792-4DN
RCoax helical antenna with circular polariza- 6GK5 792-4DN00-0AA6
tion for RCoax systems, 2.4 GHz.
IWLAN RCoax N-Connect Female Antenna ANT793-4MN
RCoax λ5/8 antenna with vertical polarization for RCoax systems, 5 GHz.
6GK5 793-4MN00-0AA6
Note
Technical specifications
You will find technical information on RCoax antennas in the section "Technical
specifications (Page 51)".
Other antennas
Component
Description
Article number
ANT795-6MN
Omnidirectional antenna for roof mounting or mounting on
vehicles, 2.4 GHz / 5 GHz.
6GK5 795-6MN00-0AA6
ANT792-6MN
Omnidirectional antenna with N-Connector female, 2.4 GHz.
6GK5 792-6MN00-0AA6
ANT793-6MN
Omnidirectional antenna with N-Connector female, 5 GHz.
6GK5 793-6MN00-0AA6
ANT792-8DN
Directional antenna with N-Connect female, 2.4 GHz.
6GK5 792-8DN00-0AA6
ANT793-8DJ
Directional antenna with dual horizontal/vertical polarization, 5
GHz
6GK5 793-8DJ00-0AA0
ANT793-8DK
Directional antenna with dual horizontal/vertical polarization, 5
GHz
6GK5 793-8DK00-0AA0
ANT793-6DT
MIMO antenna with three QMA connectors and three polarization levels (vertical and ±45°), 5 GHz.
6GK5 793-6DT00-0AA0
ANT795-4MA
Omnidirectional antenna with R-SMA connector, 2.4 GHz /
5 GHz.
Radial rotation with additional joint.
6GK5 795-4MA00-0AA3
ANT795-4MC
Omnidirectional antenna with N-Connector male, 2.4 GHz / 5
GHz.
6GK5 795-4MC00-0AA3
ANT795-4MD
Omnidirectional antenna with N-Connector male, 2.4 GHz / 5
GHz.
6GK5 795-4MD00-0AA3
ANT795-6DC
Dual-band directional antenna with linear polarization, 2.4 GHz
/ 5 GHz.
6GK5 795-6DC00-0AA0
ANT793-6DG
Dual directional antenna with linear polarization and polarization levels at ±45°, 5 GHz.
6GK5 793-6DG00-0AA0
ANT795-6MT
MIMO antenna with three QMA connectors, 2.4 GHz / 5 GHz.
6GK5 795-6MT00-0AA0
ANT793-8DP
Directional antenna with N-Connect female, 4.9 GHz / 5.9 GHz
6GK5 793-8DP00-0AA0
ANT793-8DL
Directional antenna with N-Connect female, 4.9 GHz / 5.9 GHz
6GK5 793-8DL00-0AA0
RCoax
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Product overview
3.5 Antennas
Component
Description
Article number
ANT795-6MP
Omnidirectional antenna with N-Connector female, 2.4 GHz / 5
GHz
6GK5 795-6MP00-0AA0
ANT896-6MM
Antenna for mobile wireless and global navigation satellite
systems 2.4 GHz / 5 GHz
6GK5 896-6MM00-0AA0
ANT795-4MX
Omnidirectional antenna with N-Connector male, 2.4 GHz / 5
GHz.
6GK5 795-4MX00-0AA0
Note
Technical specifications
You will find technical information on the antennas in the compact operating instructions of
the relevant antenna.
RCoax
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Installation
4.1
Fitting connector to RCoax cable
RCoax N-Connect Stripping Tool
To fit a connector to an RCoax cable, you require an RCoax N-connect stripping tool to strip
the RCoax cable and two 22 gauge open-ended wrenches.
The RCoax N-connect stripping tool to strip the RCoax
cable.
Place the stripping tool on the end of the RCoax cable
and turn the tool in a clockwise direction. After reaching the fixed cutting depth of 37 mm, the tip of the inner
conductor meets the tool. This completes the preparation for fitting the connector.
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Installation
4.1 Fitting connector to RCoax cable
The dielectric between the inner and outer conductor
was cut out to a length of 23 mm. The outer conductor
is flush with the cable jacket. The inner conductor extends 14 mm beyond the cable jacket and outer conductor.
Carefully remove any remnants of the dielectric from
the cable. Chamfer the edge of the cable jacket and
inner conductor with a file. Make sure that no shavings
get into the cable.
Unscrew the connector to open it and remove the white
plastic ring.
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Installation
4.1 Fitting connector to RCoax cable
Screw the two parts of the connector together again
loosely.
Push the connector as far as possible onto the stripped
end of the RCoax cable.
Mark the point where the RCoax cable enters the connector on the cable jacket.
Remove the connector from the RCoax cable again
and open it.
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Installation
4.1 Fitting connector to RCoax cable
Position the parts of the connector on the RCoax cable
as shown in the figure. Push the right half of the connector as far as possible onto the RCoax cable.
Screw the two parts of the connector housing together
until the O ring is covered by the outer part of the housing.
Use two open-end wrenches size 22. With one wrench,
hold the right-hand part of the connector in a fixed
position and tighten the sleeve with the second wrench
(maximum torque 30 Nm).
The distance from the marking on the cable jacket to
the connector must not exceed four millimeters.
If this distance is exceeded, the connector would be
pushed out of the correct position during assembly and
you would need to refit the connector.
Note
Only use new connectors, a connector must not be assembled more than once.
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Installation
4.1 Fitting connector to RCoax cable
General information
When cabling with the RCoax cable, remember the following points:
● Alignment of the cable
To help orientation of the RCoax cable during installation, there is a flat ridge on the outer
jacket. The cable should be aligned so that this ridge is on the side away from the
antenna. In the photograph below, this ridge is indicated by a red arrow.
Note
The maximum gap between two successive segments should not exceed 1 m (see also
section "Segment lengths (Page 49)").
● Bending radius
When laying the cable, make sure that the cable is not bent tighter than the minimum
bending radius of 20 cm to avoid damaging the RCoax cable.
Note
Avoid kinking.
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Installation
4.1 Fitting connector to RCoax cable
● Securing the cable
The distance between supports for the RCoax cable must not exceed 1.20 m. We
recommend that you secure the cable every 0.50 m. Care must be taken that the
securing clips cover the openings in the coaxial shield of the RCoax cable.
Note
Using metallic clamps can have a detrimental effect on the radiation characteristics and
the matching of the RCoax cable.
Use only the recommended clips and spacers to secure the RCoax cable to the rail.
• RCoax securing clip ½" (article no. 6GK5 798-8MB00-0A**)
• RCoax threaded washer M6 for fixing clip ½" (Article no. 6GK5 798-8MC00-0A**)
• RCoax spacer 85 mm for fixing clip ½" (Article no. 6GK5 798-8MD00-0A**)
● Securing the RCoax antenna
Make sure that the tip of the antenna is aligned with the slots. The distance from the tip of
the antenna to the cable should be approx. 4 to 7 cm at 2.4 GHz and approx. 10 cm at 5
GHz
.Good results are normally achieved with an angle of 90° between antenna and cable
(see figure below). At an angle of approx. 50° you achieve a reduction in the coupling
loss. For more detailed information, refer to the section "Optimizing the system
(Page 33)".
Figure 4-1
Alignment of the antenna
RCoax
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Installation
4.2 Installation
4.2
Installation
Prior to installation
● Check the cable lengths of the individual segments.
● Strip the RCoax cable as required.
Note
To strip the RCoax cable, use a suitable iron saw to achieve a straight and flat cut. (If you
use, for example, cable pliers, the RCoax cable will be put out of shape to an
unacceptable degree.)
● Fit the connectors to the RCoax cable segments, see section "Fitting connector to RCoax
cable (Page 23)".
● Protect the connectors (for example tape them) so that they are not damaged or
contaminated during installation.
Installation
● Align the RCoax cable roughly before fitting it in the rail, see aection "Fitting connector to
RCoax cable (Page 23)".
● Start securing the cable at one end of the segment or the other, see section "Fitting
connector to RCoax cable (Page 23)" and "Mounting the fixing clip and spacer
(Page 30)".
● There should be two people to lay the RCoax cable and even three if the segments are
long. One person secures the cable in the rail and tells the other or others which way to
twist the cable so that it is oriented towards the antenna.
Note
Make sure that the orientation of the cable is correct while laying the cable because twisting
it is extremely difficult once secured in the clips.
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Installation
4.3 Mounting the fixing clip and spacer
4.3
Mounting the fixing clip and spacer
Mounting fixing clip clips and spacers with an M6 screw
On thin walls, you can mount the fixing clip clip and spacer from the back with a suitably long
M6 machine screw. Follow the steps outlined below:
1. Insert the threaded washer in the fixing clip clip and position the spacer and cable clip at
the required location.
2. Feed the M6 screw through the hole in the spacer and secure it with the threaded washer
in the fixing clip.
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Installation
4.3 Mounting the fixing clip and spacer
Mounting fixing clip clips and spacers with a wooden screw
If they can only be mounted from the front, the fixing clip clip and spacer are installed using a
wooden screw with a suitable plug in the brickwork or concrete. Follow the steps outlined
below:
1. Position the spacer and fixing clip clip at the required location and push the two halves of
the cable clip apart.
2. Feed the wood screw through the holes in the fixing clip clip and spacer and screw it to
the wall or support.
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Installation
4.4 Example of an overhead monorail
4.4
Example of an overhead monorail
Figure 4-2
Cross-section through an overhead monorail rail and RCoax cable
The ridge lies on the outer jacket faces the overhead monorail rail. For the distance d
between the RCoax cable and RCoax antenna, the following values apply as a rule of
thumb:
5 GHz band: 10 cm
2.4 GHz band: 4 to 7 cm
Points to note when working with overhead monorails
● Laying the RCoax cable in the immediate vicinity of the metallic rail changes the
characteristics of the radiated field (shielding/shadow areas). It must be expected that
communication on the far side of the rail will be restricted.
● The close proximity of the RCoax cable to metal surfaces causes an increase in the
longitudinal attenuation Δrc.
● Cables running parallel to the RCoax cable or metallic constructions along the cable
(rails) can increase the coupling loss Δco.
● An RCoax cable running parallel can influence the transmission characteristics (coupling
in of fields). The behavior cannot be predicted with any precision. Such an arrangement
is therefore not recommended.
● For overhead monorail applications, the antenna is located in the near field of the RCoax
cable. This near field is characterized by signal level fluctuations.
Note
The maximum gap between two successive segments should not exceed 1 m (see also
section "Segment lengths (Page 49)").
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Installation
4.5 Optimizing the system
4.5
Optimizing the system
Optimized antenna alignment
At an angle of approximately 50° (instead of 90°) between the RCoax cable and antenna,
you achieve a reduction in the coupling loss of some 5 dB (at this angle the coupling loss is
actually increased, but fluctuations in the received power are minimized so that better overall
transmission performance is achieved).
In this case, make absolutely certain that in systems with several segments, the signal
propagation direction (access point feed-in point in the direction of the terminating resistor) is
the same along the entire travel path (see figure below).
Figure 4-3
System with several segments
1 - Travel path
2 - Access point
3 - Terminating resistor
4 - RCoax cable
5 - LAN
6 - Antenna
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Installation
4.5 Optimizing the system
Transmit powers
With short segments and/or when segments are in close proximity to each other, you should
reduce the transmit power both of the access points and the clients to minimize mutual
interference.
The following table serves as a general guideline (applies only to 2.4 GHz).
Segment length
Attenuation
< 10 m
30 - 35 dB
< 25 m
25 - 30 dB
< 50 m
20 - 25 dB
< 75 m
15 - 20 dB
< 100 m
10 - 15 dB
< 125 m
5 - 10 dB
< 150 m
0 - 5 dB
< 175 m
0 dB
The attenuation can be achieved with cascadable 10 dB attenuators (SIMATIC NET IWLAN
RCoax N-Connect Male/Female Attenuator 10 dB). The transmit power of all SCALANCE W
devices can also be configured.
Note
Please make sure that the settings for the transmit power on the access point and the
corresponding clients is the same.
RCoax
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Connecting
5.1
5
Connecting and operating with SCALANCE W78x
SCALANCE W78x as access point
All access points of the SCALANCE W range with an external antenna connector can be
used to feed the signal into the RCoax cable. The access points differ from each other not
only in their design but also in the number of wireless cards they contain. One RCoax cable
per wireless card can be connected.
Connect a flexible connecting cable to one of the R-SMA or N-Connect sockets of an access
point. Connect the other end of the connecting cable to the RCoax cable.
RCoax
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Connecting
5.1 Connecting and operating with SCALANCE W78x
Figure 5-1
SCALANCE W788-1PRO with connected, flexible cable and RCoax connector, beside it an R-SMA terminator
50 Ω.
Note
Transmission disruptions
With SCALANCE W devices complying with IEEE 802.11n, each WLAN interface has three
antenna connectors. Since only one antenna connector can be used to connect to the
RCoax cable, the unused connectors must be fitted with a 50 Ω terminator.
With SCALANCE W devices complying with IEEE 802.11n, the antennas R1A1 and R2A1
must always be connected as soon as the corresponding WLAN interface is activated. If no
antenna is connected, the corresponding interface must be deactivated. Otherwise, there
may be transmission disruptions.
The antennas need to be suitably configured on the device (see configuration manual
SCALANCE W700).
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Connecting
5.1 Connecting and operating with SCALANCE W78x
The maximum possible transmit power of the device can be specified in the configuration of
the device. To avoid exceeding the legally stipulated maximum transmit power, it is
necessary to reduce the transmit power of the antenna. Reducing the transmit power
effectively reduces cell size. With short RCoax cable segment lengths, the input damping
may be necessary to avoid radiated emissions affecting other RCoax cables running parallel
to them. There are also separate attenuators available for this purpose.
Note
The maximum possible transmit power varies depending on the channel and data rate.
You will find detailed information on the transmit power and receiver sensitivity in the
document "Leistungsdaten 802.11abgn PCIe Minicard / Performance data 802.11abgn PCIe
Minicard" on the supplied data medium (REF_W700-RadioInterface_xx.pdf).
RCoax
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Connecting
5.2 Feeding into RCoax from both ends
5.2
Feeding into RCoax from both ends
Initial situation
An RCoax cable is fed into by an access point at both ends.
Note
Same/overlapping channels
The two access points must not transmit on the same or overlapping channels.
Effects
In contrast to the standard use case, in which the 50 Ω terminator at the end of the cable
largely prevents reflections, when feeding in a signal at both ends, the signals are partially
reflected by a frequency-dependent input impedance at the ends of the RCoax cable.
These reflections impair the quality of the communication. This is noticeable due to the
increased CRC and ACK error rates. The retry rate also increases.
When feeding a signal into both ends of the RCoax cable, it can be expected that the
maximum possible data throughput will be considerably reduced.
Possible solutions
The effects of the signal reflections at the ends of the cable can be reduced by including an
attenuator at the cable ends but they cannot be prevented entirely.
Remember that by including attenuators, you further reduce the coverable distance.
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Connecting
5.3 Supplying two sections of cable
5.3
Supplying two sections of cable
Configuration example
The range of an RCoax wireless segment can be increased by connecting a power splitter in
the center of the RCoax cable. The following example shows how the individual components
are used.
① N-Connect male/R-SMA male flexible antenna cable 6XV1875-5C**0
② Power splitter. 6GK5798-0SN00-0EA0
③ N-connect/R-SMA male/male flexible connecting cable 6XV1875-5A**0
④ RCoax N-connector female connector 6GK5798-0CN00-0AA0
⑤ RCoax cable 6XV1875-2*
⑥ RCoax N-connect male termination 50 Ω 6GK5795-1TN00-1AA0
Note
In a concrete situation, the wildcards ** and * would be replaced by specific article numbers
depending on the cable length and/or the frequency range you are using.
RCoax
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Connecting
5.4 Connecting mobile nodes
5.4
Connecting mobile nodes
Mobile nodes can be the following client modules of the SCALANCE W series:
SCALANCE W721-1 RJ45
SCALANCE W722-1 RJ45
SCALANCE W734-1 RJ45
RCoax
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Designing and calculating RCoax systems
6
Note
Technical specifications
You will find technical information on these products in the section "Technical specifications
(Page 51)".
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Designing and calculating RCoax systems
6.1 Calculating in decibels
6.1
Calculating in decibels
Decibels as a logarithmic unit of measure
In wireless engineering, calculations are normally made in decibels (dB) to simplify the
calculation of the transmission behavior of a series of transmission elements. Decibel means
the logarithm of a ratio. Formulated mathematically, this can be shown by the following
equation:
Decibel value = 10 * log (ratio)
Using sample calculations, the following decibel values are obtained:
Ratio
Decibel value
0.001
-30 dB
0.1
-10 dB
0.2
-7 dB
0.4
-4 dB
0.5
-3 dB
1
0 dB
2
3 dB
4
6 dB
As can be seen in the example, halving a value reduces the decibel value by 3 dB. This
remains true regardless of the selected reference variable because only the ratio counts.
Which reference variable is used can be recognized by the additional letters or numbers
following the dimension dB. In acoustics, for example, the threshold of audibility is the
reference variable for a value in dB(A).
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Designing and calculating RCoax systems
6.2 Power specifications
6.2
Power specifications
Explanation of the power specifications
Specifying power in dBi
If power is specified in dBi, the reference variable is the transmit power of an isotropic
antenna or unipole. Such a (hypothetical) antenna radiates energy from a central point
uniformly in all directions.
From the directional radiation of a real antenna, a dBi value is obtained known as the
antenna gain. This term is misleading in as far as no energy is gained by an antenna in the
physical sense. The higher radiation of a passive antenna results solely from the
concentration of radiation in a certain direction. In other spatial segments, there is
accordingly less power.
You will find the antenna gain in the compact operating instructions of the relevant antenna.
Specifying power in dBm
A commonly used reference variable in wireless technology is a power of 1 mW. Power can
then be specified in the decibel milliwatt unit (dBm). The following formula is used:
P [dBm] = 10 * log (P [mW] / 1 mW)
This results in the following power specifications in dBm:
0.5 mW
≈
-3 dBm
1 mW
=
0 dBm
2 mW
≈
3 dBm
4 mW
≈
6 dBm
10 mW
≈
10 dBm
100 mW
≈
20 dBm
200 mW
≈
23 dBm
1000 mW
≈
30 dBm
Using power specifications, it is simple to calculate gain and attenuation. To calculate an
entire system, the individual values for gain and attenuation must simply be added.
Receiver sensitivity according to receive level
The receiver sensitivity is the minimum power that must be fed to a receiver to allow
communication to take place. The receiver sensitivity is a device-specific property and
depends on the transmission technique and data rate.
You will find detailed information on the transmit power and receiver sensitivity in the
document "Leistungsdaten 802.11abgn PCIe Minicard / Performance data 802.11abgn PCIe
Minicard" on the supplied data medium (REF_W700-RadioInterface_xx.pdf).
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Designing and calculating RCoax systems
6.2 Power specifications
Transmit power P0 in dBm
This power is input into the RCoax cable by a transmitter, for example a SCALANCE W700
access point.
You will find detailed information on the transmit power and receiver sensitivity in the
document "Leistungsdaten 802.11abgn PCIe Minicard / Performance data 802.11abgn PCIe
Minicard" on the supplied data medium (REF_W700-RadioInterface_xx.pdf).
Received power Pein dBm
This power is usable for a receiver. It corresponds to the input power reduced by the losses
such as longitudinal attenuation and coupling loss.
Note
Values for the coupling loss are often specified according to IEC 61196-4. The measurement
according to this standard is made at a distance of 2 m and with a λ/2 radiator. Such
measurements therefore also include part of the free space attenuation (loss between
RCoax cable and communication partner).
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Designing and calculating RCoax systems
6.3 Losses with RCoax cables
6.3
Losses with RCoax cables
Longitudinal loss
The transmission of energy within the cable is also subject to loss. This loss is known as
longitudinal attenuation (arc) and is calculated from the attenuation coefficient and length of
the cable:
arc = αrc * l
arc
Longitudinal attenuation of the cable in dB
αrc
Attenuation coefficient in dB/m as specified in the technical specifications of the cable
l
Total length of the cable in m
The attenuation coefficient (arc) depends on the following parameters:
● Frequency of the electromagnetic wave in the cable. The higher the frequency, the higher
the longitudinal attenuation.
● Dielectric and structure of the cable
● Number, size and shape of the slots in the shield
● Surroundings of the cable since the electromagnetic wave in a leaky feeder cable also
radiates outside the cable.
Coupling loss
The transmission of energy from the inner cable to the outside of the leaky feeder cable is
not free of loss. A measure of the efficiency of this transmission is the coupling loss Cd.
The coupling loss is the ratio of the power inside the leaky feeder cable at the point at which
the power is coupled out to the power available at the point of measurement outside the
cable, for example for a wireless receiver. It is made up of the actual coupling out loss
(power in the interior to power on the jacket) and the spatial loss between the cable and the
measurement location. The coupling loss depends on the following parameters:
● Distance between cable and device
● Number, size and shape of the slots in the shield
● Environment of the cable (reflection, interference)
C95 and C50
The actual signal strength at a measuring point fluctuates along the leaky feeder cable.
When designing wireless systems, the line of the 95% level or 50% level is normally taken as
the basis. This line is an idealized characteristic of the received power for which more than
95% (C95) or 50% (C50) of the measured values are above the idealized line. This means that
C95 is always higher than C50.
Since the received power and therefore the possible segment lengths depends on the value
of the coupling loss, only the value actually required for a system should be used. What is
necessary depends on the type of communication.
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Designing and calculating RCoax systems
6.3 Losses with RCoax cables
C95 for safety-related communication
For communication involving the safety of persons or equipment, the coupling loss must be
calculated using the C95 value.
C50 for standard communication
When exchanging data that is not relevant to safety and in which the loss of a frame or the
repetition of a frame can be tolerated, it is adequate to use the lower C50 value.
Note
No distinction in the near field
Due to the physical properties in the immediate surroundings of the cable (up to 0.5 m
distance), the C95 and C50 values do not differ in the near field.
Near and far field
Near field
In the immediate surroundings of the radiating cable, various physical effects influence the
propagation of the electromagnetic waves so that a mathematical calculation of measured
values is not possible. Information about coupling losses for this area is only possible as
discrete values for distances actually measured in realistic surroundings.
In practice, with RCoax cables, the near field is assumed to be up to a distance of 0.5 m
from the cable. This is therefore the range in which the receiving antenna is normally
positioned for RCoax applications.
Far field
As of a distance of approximately 0.5 m, the propagation of the electromagnetic waves and
therefore the associated measured variables can be described mathematically. This means,
for example, that coupling losses can be calculated using a formula depending on the
distance from the cable as is specified in IEC 61196-4.
IEC 61196-4
Values for the coupling loss in the far field are often specified according to IEC 61196-4. The
measurement according to this standard is made at a distance of 2 m and with a λ/2 radiator.
Such measurements therefore also include part of the free space attenuation (loss between
RCoax cable and communication partner).
To calculate the actual coupling loss, a spatial attenuation must therefore be deducted from
this value for the distance of 2 m. The coupling loss C50 and C95 for a specified distance
between the RCoax cable and the antenna of the communications partner is therefore
calculated according to the following formulas:
Cd = C50+10*log*(d/2)
RCoax
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Designing and calculating RCoax systems
6.3 Losses with RCoax cables
Cd = C95+20*log*(d/2)
Cd
Coupling loss of the cable in dB for a specified distance (>0.5 m) between RCoax cable and antenna
C50/ C50/ C95 value of the coupling loss at a distance of 2 m.
C95 (For C50/ C95 values, see the section "Technical specifications (Page 51)")
d
Distance between RCoax cable and antenna in m
For the calculation according to the specified formula, d must be > 0.5 m (far field).
Losses due to power splitters and feed cables
The feed cables (afe) and power splitters (aPS) cause losses. The values of these losses can
be found in the section "Technical specifications" of the system manual "Passive network
components IWLAN".
RCoax
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Designing and calculating RCoax systems
6.4 System calculation
6.4
System calculation
Procedure
The calculation of the entire system shows whether communication is possible at the desired
transmission rate using the desired components. All losses (longitudinal attenuation, spatial
attenuation, power splitters etc.) are deducted from the transmit power. An antenna gain is
added. The result is the power fed to a receiver. This power must be higher than the
minimum necessary input power at the receiver so that a wireless link can exist.
The calculation can be made with the following formula:
Pe = P0 - arc - afe - cd - aps + GANT - ΔSys > Pe min
Pe
Receiver input power in dBm
P0
Transmit power dBm
arc
Longitudinal attenuation of the RCoax cable in dB
afe
Longitudinal attenuation of the feed cable in dB
cd
Coupling loss for the distance between RCoax cable and communication partner
(see Section "Losses with RCoax cables (Page 45)")
aps
Power splitter losses in dB
GANT
Antenna gain in dB
ΔSys
Link budget in dB. Depending on the field strength fluctuations, losses due to
plug-in connections and the concrete operating conditions are between 10 and
20 dB.
Pe min
Minimum necessary receiver input power in dBm
RCoax
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Designing and calculating RCoax systems
6.5 Segment lengths
6.5
Segment lengths
The following tables show the results of segment length calculations. For the calculation, the
formula from the section "System calculation (Page 48)" is used.
The following constraints apply to the calculations:
● One-ended feed in to RCoax cable with terminator
● Between the access point and RCoax cable or client and RCoax antenna, a flexible
connecting cable of 1 m is used
● Distance of 10 cm between RCoax cable and RCoax antenna of the client
● Installation of the RCoax cable 15 mm above an aluminum rail
● Antenna gain (GANT) for
– RCoax cable: 0 dB
– RCoax antenna: 4 dB at 2.4 GHz and 6 dB at 5 GHz
● -65 dBm is taken as the minimum necessary input power at the receiver (Pe min).
● Transmit power (P0) according to the information in the document "Leistungsdaten
802.11abgn PCIe Minicard / Performance data 802.11abgn PCIe Minicard" on the
supplied data medium (REF_W700-RadioInterface_xx.pdf)
● As the link budget (ΔSys), a value of 10 dB is assumed due to interference
In practice, environmental conditions mean that there may be considerable deviations from
the values in the table.
If, for example, you have other output values recalculate the values using the formula from
the section "System calculation (Page 48)".
Segment lengths at 2.4 GHz
SCALANCE W 802.11n 2.4 GHz (IEEE 802.11g)
Data rate [Mbps]
Segment length [m]
1 - 24
246
54
234
SCALANCE W 802.11n 2.4 GHz (IEEE 802.11n – MCS 7)1)
Channel width
Segment length [m]
20 MHz
234
1) Guard Interval (GI) is 800ns
RCoax
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Designing and calculating RCoax systems
6.5 Segment lengths
Segment length at 5 GHz
SCALANCE W 802.11n 5 GHz (IEEE 802.11a)
Data rate [Mbps]
Segment length [m]
5.2 GHz
5.8 GHz
1 - 36
137
126
54
125
112
SCALANCE W 802.11n 5 GHz (IEEE 802.11n – MCS 7)1)
Channel width
Segment length [m]
5.2 GHz
5.8 GHz
20 MHz
125
119
40 MHz
125
119
1) Guard Interval (GI) is 800ns
As can be seen in the tables, greater segment lengths can be achieved at lower
transmission rates rather than at higher rates. The transmission rate should therefore only be
set as high as necessary.
Note
You can increase the distances covered by your RCoax cables by feeding in at the center of
the cable and using power splitters. Please remember the 3 dB attenuation properties of the
splitter.
Note
Stable PNIO communication is only possible when it is guaranteed that a WLAN client is in a
cell with more than 60% or -65 dBm signal strength at all times. This can be checked by
activating and deactivating the various segments.
RCoax
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Technical data
7
Note
Further information
You will find information about further accessories for cabling in the Passive network
components IWLAN system manual.
Note
The following tightening torques apply to the connectors:
• with N-Connect connectors: 1.7 Nm
• with SMA/R-SMA connectors: 1 Nm
RCoax
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Technical data
7.1 RCoax cables
7.1
RCoax cables
The information relates to both RCoax cables 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz.
Note
Laying cables outdoors
In terms of UV stability and provided the specified temperature range is not exceeded, the
cables listed above are suitable for use outdoors. Correctly fitted connectors have degree of
protection IP67/IP68 and form a unit with the cable that meets degree of protection
IP65/IP67. Temporary exposure to rain, fog or snow is permitted. The cable segment must,
however, not be used permanently under water because neither the cable jacket (limited
steam permeability) nor the connector (not IP68) are suitable.
Technical specifications
Article number
2.4 GHz
6XV1875-2A
5 GHz
6XV1875-2D
Electrical data
Impedance
50 +/- 3 Ω
Ratio of propagation speed
88%
Capacitance
DC resistance at 20 °C
76 pF/m
Inner conductor
1.48 Ω/km
Outer conductor
2.8 Ω/km
During operation
-40 ... +85 °C
During operation according to
UL performance
-40 ... +85 °C
During storage
-70 ... +85 °C
During installation
-25 ... +60 °C
Permitted ambient conditions
Ambient temperature
Resistance to fire
Low corrosive gas emission
IEC 60754-2
Flame retardant
IEC 60332-1 and IEC 60332-3 Cat. C
Low smoke emission
IEC 61034
Design, dimensions and weight
Weight
0.232 kg/m
Minimum bending radius (once)
20 cm
Tensile strength
110 daN (1daN = 10 N)
Recommended securing intervals
0.5 m
RCoax
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Technical data
7.1 RCoax cables
Materials
Inner conductor
Dielectric
•
Copper-clad aluminum
•
Diameter: 4.8 mm
•
Polyethylene foam
•
Diameter: 12.4 mm
Outer conductor
Overlapping copper foil with the slot groups bonded to
cable jacket
Cable jacket
•
Halogen-free polyolefin AM3, pale turquoise
•
Diameter: 15.5 mm
•
Jacket thickness: 1.3 mm
Attenuation properties – 2.4 GHz
Longitudinal attenuation (1) at 20 °C
f [MHz]
2400
α [dB/100 m]
15
Cable installation 10 mm over concrete
α [dB/100 m]
17
Cable installation15 mm over aluminum rail
Coupling loss (2) at 20 °C
f [MHz]
2400
Distance between antenna and
RCoax cable
C50[dB]
C95[dB]
2 cm
31
31
5 cm
32
32
10 cm
35
35
20 cm
37
37
50 cm
41
41
2m
54
60
f [MHz]
5150
5850
α [dB/100 m]
22.5
24
24.2
27
Attenuation properties – 5 GHz
Longitudinal attenuation (1) at 20 °C
Cable installation 10 mm over concrete
α [dB/100 m]
Cable installation15 mm over aluminum rail
Coupling loss (2) at 20 °C
f [MHz]
Distance between
antenna and
RCoax cable
5200
5700
C50[dB]
C95[dB]
C50[dB]
C95[dB]
2 cm
36
36
35
35
5 cm
39
39
38
38
10 cm
42
42
40
40
20 cm
45
45
44
44
50 cm
49
49
47
47
2m
62
71
55
59
(1) Nominal value, manufacturing tolerance +/- 5%
(2) Nominal value, manufacturing tolerance +/- 3 dB
RCoax
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Technical data
7.2 N-Connect for RCoax – female
7.2
N-Connect for RCoax – female
Technical specifications
Article number
6GK5 798-0CN00-0AA0
Electrical data
Impedance
50 Ω
Frequency range
6 GHz
Contact resistance
Inner conductor:
< 2 mΩ
Outer conductor
< 0.5 mΩ
Seal
NBR / EPDM, silicone-free
Insulation
PTFE / PPO, silicone-free
Connector torque
4 ... 6 Nm
Max. number of insertion cycles
> 500
Design, dimensions and weight
Dimensions (length x diameter)
65 x 27 mm
Materials
Spring contact
Other metal parts
Core material
Copper alloy
Brass
Coating
Cu2Ag5
CuSnZn3
Degree of protection
IP67
Permitted ambient conditions
Ambient temperature
-40 ... +85 °C
Cables for 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz
Lead
Type
RCoax cable PE 1/2''
Resistance
Sun resistant
Dimension drawing
RCoax
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Technical data
7.3 Antennas for RCoax application
7.3
Antennas for RCoax application
Aid to orientation
To help you to read the data from the antenna diagram, the antenna is drawn in in the
antenna diagrams.
On the rear of the antenna, there is a groove to aid with orientation. The groove is shown on
.
the antenna drawing by this symbol
①
②
Groove
N-Connect
Figure 7-1
View from below
RCoax N-Connect Female ANT 792-4DN (2.4 GHz antenna, circular polarization)
Technical specifications
Article number
6GK5 792-4DN00-0AA6
Electrical data
Frequency range
2.4 ∼ 2.4835 GHz
Antenna gain
4 dB
Impedance
50 Ω
Polarization
Circular, clockwise
Standing wave ratio (VSWR)
≤1.8
Construction and dimensions
Dimensions (length x diameter)
78.9 x 30 mm
Length of securing thread
27.5 mm
Connector
N connector, female
External material
Lexan
Degree of protection
IP65
Permitted ambient conditions
Ambient temperature
-40 ... +70 °C
RCoax
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Technical data
7.3 Antennas for RCoax application
Dimension drawing
RCoax
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Technical data
7.3 Antennas for RCoax application
Horizontal antenna diagram
Figure 7-2
Horizontal directional characteristics of the helical antenna
RCoax
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57
Technical data
7.3 Antennas for RCoax application
Vertical antenna diagram
Figure 7-3
Vertical directional characteristics of the helical antenna
RCoax N-Connect Female ANT 793-4MN (antenna 5 GHz, λ5/8)
Technical specifications
Article number
6GK5 793-4MN00-0AA6
Electrical data
Frequency range
5.725 ∼ 5.85 GHz
Antenna gain
6 dB
Impedance
50 Ω
Polarization
Vertical (λ5/8 characteristic)
Standing wave ratio (VSWR)
≤2.0
Construction and dimensions
Dimensions (length x diameter)
78.9 x 30 mm
Length of securing thread
27.5 mm
Connector
N connector, female
External material
Lexan
Degree of protection
IP65
RCoax
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Technical data
7.3 Antennas for RCoax application
Technical specifications
Permitted ambient conditions
Ambient temperature
-40 ... +70 °C
Dimension drawing
RCoax
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Technical data
7.3 Antennas for RCoax application
Horizontal antenna diagram at 5.2 GHz in dB
Figure 7-4
Horizontal radiation pattern ANT793-4MN
RCoax
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Technical data
7.3 Antennas for RCoax application
Vertical antenna diagram for different azimuth angles at 5.2 GHz in dB
Figure 7-5
Vertical radiation pattern ANT793-4MN
RCoax
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Technical data
7.3 Antennas for RCoax application
Horizontal antenna diagram at 5.7 GHz in dB
Figure 7-6
Horizontal radiation pattern ANT793-4MN at 5.7 GHz
RCoax
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Technical data
7.3 Antennas for RCoax application
Vertical antenna diagram for different azimuth angles at 5.7 GHz in dB
Figure 7-7
Vertical radiation pattern ANT793-4MN at 5.7 GHz
RCoax
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Technical data
7.4 Wall mounting
7.4
Wall mounting
RCoax fixing clip ½"
Technical specifications
Article number
Pack of 10
6GK5 798-8MB00-0AC1
Pack of
100
6GK5 798-8MB00-0AM1
Resistance to fire
Flame class
UL 94HB
Construction and materials
Materials
High-class polyamide (UV resistant):
Color
•
Halogen-free
•
Chemical-resistant
black (RAL 9001)
Permitted ambient conditions
Ambient temperature
-40 ... +70 °C
Mechanical data
Stress
max. 600 N
Securing range (cable ∅)
14.3 ... 16.8 mm
Figure 7-8
RCoax cable clip ½" – threaded washer M6 – spacer 85 mm
RCoax
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Technical data
7.4 Wall mounting
Dimension drawing RCoax cable clip ½ "
RCoax threaded washer M6 for fixing clip ½"
Technical specifications
Article number
Pack of 10
6GK5 798-8MC00-0AC1
Pack of 100 6GK5 798-8MC00-0AM1
Construction and materials
Materials
Stainless steel
Thread
M6
Dimension drawing RCoax threaded washer 85 mm for fixing clip ½ "
RCoax
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65
Technical data
7.4 Wall mounting
RCoax spacer 85 mm
Technical specifications
Article number
Pack of 10
6GK5 798-8MD00-0AC1
Pack of 100 6GK5 798-8MD00-0AM1
Dimensions and materials
Dimensions (W x H x D)
50 x 30 x 85 mm
Materials
Polyamide (halogen-free, resistant to UV light)
Dimension drawing RCoax spacer 85 mm
RCoax
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Technical data
7.4 Wall mounting
RCoax
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Index
C
R
Cable jacket, 9
Coupling loss, 45
Radiation mode, 10
RCoax cable
Feeding in from both ends, 38
Installation, 27
Receive level, 44
Receiver sensitivity, 43
D
Decibel, 42
E
Electromagnetic waves, 8
ET 200pro IWLAN, 17
S
SCALANCE W700, 14, 14, 16
SIMATIC NET glossary, 6
G
Glossary, 6
I
Inner conductor, 9
L
Longitudinal loss, 45
Losses, 45
M
Mobile Panel 277 IWLAN, 16
O
Outer conductor, 9
Overhead monorail, 32
installation sequence, 29
Optimized antenna alignment, 33
Securing the antenna, 28
Transmit power, 34
P
Power specifications, 43
RCoax
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Index
RCoax
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System Manual, 1/2017, C79000-G8976-C189-13
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