owners manual - Strumenti Musicali
D I G I T A L
owners manual
•English
K E Y B O A R D S
wk1000
SPECIAL MESSAGES
ALARM SYMBOLS:
Generalmusic electronics products
could present labels similar to that
displayed in this section. Please follow
accurately the precautions descripted
in the safety instructions.
The exclamation mark within an equilateral triangle is
intended to alert.
The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol, within an equilateral triangle, is intended to alert the user to the presence of
uninsulated “dangerous voltage” within the product’s enclosure that may be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of
electric shock to persons.
IMPORTANT NOTE: To reduce the risk related to the correct and normal use of the instrument, all Generalmusic products are accuralety tested
in a safety laboratory. DO NOT modify the present unit, the safety standard and the correct instrument operativity could be compromised, and as
a further consequence the warranty will be invalidated.
IMPORTANT SAFETY AND INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
INSTRUCTION PERTAINING TO A RISK OF FIRE, ELECTRIC SHOCK, OR INJURY TO PERSONS.
WARNING!
When using electric products, basic precautions should always be followed, including the following:
1. Read all the Safety and Installation instructions and explanations of Graphic Symbols before using the product.
2. This product must be earthed. If it should malfunction or breakdown, grounding provides a path of least resistance for electric
current to reduce the risk of electric shock. This product is equipped with a cord having an equipment-grounding conductor and a
grounding plug. The plug must be plugged into an appropriate outlet that is properly installed and earthed in accordance with all
local codes and ordinances.
DANGER:Improper connection of the equipment grounding conductor can result in a risk of electric shock. Check with a qualified electrician or serviceman if you are
in doubt as to whether the product is properly grounded. Do not modify the plug provided with the product, if it will not fit the outlet, have a proper outlet installed by a
qualified electrician.
3. To reduce the risk of injury, close supervision is necessary when this product is used near children.
4. Do not use this product near water for example, near a bathtub, washbowl, kitchen sink, in a wet basement, or near a swimming
pool or the like.
5. This product should only be used by a stand or cart that is recommended by the manufacturer.
6. This product, either alone or in combination with an amplifier and headphones or speakers, may be capable of producing sound levels that could
cause permanent hearing loss. Do not operate for a long period of time at a high volume level or at a level that is uncomfortable. If you experience
any hearing loss or ringing in the ears, you should consult an audiologist.
7. This product should be located so that its location or position does not interfere with its proper ventilation.
8. This product should be located away from heat sources such as radiators, heat registers, or other products that produce heat.
9. The product should be connected to a power supply only of the type described in the operating instructions or as marked on the product.
10. This product may be equipped with a polarized line plug (one blade wider than the other). This is a safety feature. If you are unable to insert the plug
into the outlet, contact an electrician to replace your obsolete outlet. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the plug.
11. The power-supply cord of the product should be unplugged from the outlet when left unused for a long period of time. When unplugging the power
supply cord, do not pull on the cord but grasp it by the plug.
12. Care should be taken so that objects do not fall and liquids are not spilled into the enclosure through openings.
13. The product should be serviced by qualified service personnel when:
A. The power-supply cord or the plug has been damaged
B. Objects have fallen, or liquid has been spilled into the product;or
C. The products has been exposed to rain or moisture
D. The product does not appear to be operating normally or exhibits a marked change in performance
E. The product has been dropped, or the enclosure damaged.
14. Do not attempt to service the product beyond that described in the user-maintenance instructions. All other servicing should be referred to qualified
service personnel.
15. WARNING - Do not place objects on product power cord or place it in a position where anyone could trip over, walk on or roll anything over it. Do
not allow the product, or its bench, or its pedal board to rest on or to be installed over power cords of any type. Improper installations of this type
create the possibility of fire hazard and/or personal injury.
16. Electromagnetic interference (RFI). This electronic product utilizes digital sampled wave processing technology (S.W.P.) that may adversely affect
radio/tv reception. Read FCC information inside back cover for additional information.
Generalmusic cannot be held responsible for damage caused by improper use or modifications to the
instrument, or data lost or destroyed
Technical specifications are subject to change
The information contained in this manual are considered correct at the moment of printing. Generalmusic reserves the
right to change or modify any technical specification without prior notice or obbligation to upgrade existing units.
The illustrations and the screens of this manual are for instructional purposes only and may appear different from those on your instrument.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
MANUAL INDEX
MANUAL INDEX
Introduction
Multimedia functions
The owners manual
Specifications
wk1000 front panel
wk1000 rear panel connections
Getting started
Powering up and preliminary operations
Power on/off
Play the keyboard and change the sounds
Select performances and listen to the sounds
Select styles and play with automatic accompaniments
Using pitch bend and modulation wheel
Use the effects
Use the headphones
Use the pedals
Adjust the overall effect volume
Basic concepts
Styles, song styles and songs
Style and real time modes (style accompaniments off)
Style lock and single touch play
Song style mode
Song mode
Performances
Realtime performances
Style performances
Single touch play setting
Song style performance
Song performance
Tracks
Sounds
Connections
Power
Pedals
Computer
Video interface
Headphones
Music stand
The display
Data entry
Example: to assign a different sound to a track
Entering alphanumeric data
Enter / escape
Sounds and performances
The real time keyboard sections (upper 1, upper2, lower)
Sounds and keyboard modes
Full mode
Split mode
Sounds selection
Mode to recall sounds
Performances selection
Style lock
How to programme a performance
Performance values
Store performance
Recap to store a performance
Save edit to a different performance (or create a new one)
Performance name
How to restore the factory performance settings
The Styles
wk1000 styles
Selecting a style
Recalling a style from a performance
The style controls
Start/stop
Key start
Intro
Ending
Variations var 1, var 2, var 3, var 4
Fade in/out - fill a - fill - fill b fade in/out
Fill a - fill - fill b
Tap tempo (fill b second feature)
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MANUAL INDEX
MANUAL INDEX
The arranger section
Arranger on/off
Lower memory
Balance
The tempo speed
The tempo lock
The split point
How to set a new split point
Arrange mode
Arrange memory and bass to lowest
Store performance/performance recall
Arrange memory
Bass to lowest
Style/tempo lock
Rev/cho
Disk
Floppy disk recognized formats
File types and extensions
Access to disk
What is a midi file?
Loading songs and midifiles
Loading styles
Loading performances
Loading samples
Loading song styles
Load operations
How to load
Recognizing a file from its extension
Save operations
The save procedure
Saving midi files
Saving song styles
Delete file
Formatting a floppy disk
The formatting procedure
General disk-handling tips
Inserting a floppy disk into the drive
Ejecting a floppy disk
Disk protection
Handling floppy disks
Back-up copies
Cleaning the disk drive head
Precautions to observe using the wk1000 disks with a computer
The songs
What is a song?
The song performance
Selecting a song
How to select a song
Song playback
Cancelling a song (the clear function)
Melody off
Play all songs
To play a song track in realtime
ssign any of the sequencer tracks to the realtime control
Displaying lyrics
Song styles
Song style performance
Song style selection
Selecting a song style
Play a song style in real time
Recording a song style
Enter the song style recording mode
Listen to the song style playback
Clear song style (user song style)
How to assign a name to a song style
The user styles
Recording a user style
The basic structure of a style riff
Setting the user style parameters
Select an empty user style location
wk1000 manual index
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MANUAL INDEX
wk1000 manual index
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MANUAL INDEX
Selecting a variation [optional step]
Modifying the recording tempo [optional step]
Selecting a different recording track [optional step]
Selecting a different riff - [optional]
Setting the time signature, the pitch (key transposing) and the beat number - [optional]
Changing the tempo signature
Changing the riff key pitch
To set the number of beats in a riff
Recording a user style
User style playback
Modifying a user style: overdub, quantize, clear note, clear riff, clear tempo, clear all style
Clear note
Adding new elements (overdub)
Quantize
Clear track, clear riff, clear tempo, clear all
Saving your user style to a floppy disk
Style copy
The user style performance
How to program a user style performance
To assign a name to a user style
To record program change
Recording commands
The digital signal processor
Rev/cho
To assign the effects
How to select the type of effect
Disabling the effects
Controlling the effect send level
The midi
Chord channel
Midi numeration
The main applications of midi
Preliminary operations
Controlling an expander or other keyboards with wk1000
Controlling the keyboard from a midi accordion
Using a computer (or external sequencer)
The computer port
Controlling the keyboard with a master keyboard
Selecting styles via midi common
Controlling the styles via midi common
Selecting the effects via midi common channel
Selecting songs and song styles via midi common
Selecting sound banks via midi ( bk 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 )
Additional midi parameters
Generalmusic system exclusive
Midi/general
Volume pedal
Chnlock (on/off)
Pedal
Midi
Channel: local/internal/G.Midi/start/stop/chn.Lock/dump
Channel
Midi local
Internal
G.Midi
Start/stop
Midi transpose
Chnlock (on/off)
•Midi dump
Midi dump saved data reception
Inizialize all
Operating system release date
APPENDIX
wk1000 sound database
wk1000 STYLES LIST
Technical specifications
Reverb table
Chorus table
wk1000 midi implementation chart
IMPORTANT WARNING
Make sure that the package is complete and contains:
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
The wk1000 arranger keyboard (the instrument);
One Operating System Floppy Disk
One music stand;
One Owners Manual;
One Ac/Dc Power Supply adapter;
One RGB/SCART video cable to display song lyrics on a screen
The Guarantee Certificate;
The Generalmusic distributors list.
IMPORTANT PRELIMINARY NOTES
Read the following notes carefully before switching your keyboard on: DO NOT PLACE FLOPPY DISKS ON
TOP OF THE LOUDSPEAKERS - avoid placing floppy disk on top of loudspeakers, telephones, electric home
devices or other sources of electromagnetic fields: the disk content could be erased or damaged.
HOW TO UPDATE YOUR INSTRUMENT
To implement new functions in your keyboard, follow the steps below:
1. Before turning the wk1000 on, insert the floppy disk containing the latest release of General
music Operating System.
2. Turn on the wk1000. The message “Load Operating System?” appears on the display.
3. Press ENTER to confirm (pressing ESCAPE cancels the operation).
4. After pressing ENTER, the message “O.S. Disk loading...” appears on the display.
5. When the operation is complete, wk1000 is ready to play.
N.B. To check the date of the Operating System, scroll to the last page of the MIDI/GENERAL functions.
GENERAL RESET
In order to restore wk1000 to its default conditions set by the factory, proceed as follows:
Press and hold the UPPER 1 (located on the right of the display), and the number keys 1, 2 and 3 at the
same time. The message SYSTEM RESET ! appears on the display for a few seconds.
UPPER 1
UPPER 2
UPPER
2
LOWER
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
0
+
+100
WARNING !
This operation definitevely erases all the user-programmed data contained in the internal RAM of the instrument.
REACHARGEABLE, BACK-UP BATTERY
the wk1000 is equipped with a Ni-Cad reachargeable battery, to retain data when the instrument is off.
When the instrument is turned off, the data is retained in the memory for approximately 30 days. If you
have not used wk1000 for a long period of time, you are advised to leave the instrument on for at least
8/10 hours in order to fully recharge the battery.
owners manual
wk1000
INTRODUCTION
Congratulations, and thank you for purchasing wk1000 arranger keyboard. The instrument in your
hand is the successful result of the combination of extraordinary sound quality, automatic accompaniment and a surprisingly easy-to-operate user interface.
MULTIMEDIA FUNCTIONS
wk1000 is an Arranger Keyboard with multimedia features that render making music real fun. With
wk1000 you can sing following the lyrics both on the display and on a TV monitor (TV Karaoke).
THE OWNERS MANUAL
Our best advice: read the owners Manual carefully: it is the best way to learn how wk1000 operates.
The Manual is divided into separate User Guides. An Appendix with tables and MIDI specifications
is given at the end.
SPECIFICATIONS
Poliphony and multitimbrality
wk1000 is 32-note polyphonic (maximum), 16-part multi-timbral in Song mode and 8-part multi-timbral in Style
mode. Each part is assigned to a track. In Real Time mode, 3 tracks (maximum) are assigned to the keyboard.
Sound Generation
wk1000 Sound Generation uses PCM e Wavetable technology. Sounds are based on processed sampled waveforms. The keyboard’s 32 obscillators generate “single oscillator” (32-note maximum polyphony) and “dual
oscillator” (16-note maximum polyphony) sounds.
ROM Sound
wk1000 ROM memory (Read Only Memory) contains 471 Sounds including 20 Drumkits.
Sample-RAM
The back-up memory can hold Samples that can be loaded from Floppy Disk.
Digital Signal Processor
wk1000 features a double Digital Signal Processor that can be controlled in Real Time. Two different effects (1
Reverb and 1 Modulation/Delay) can be assigned and stored to each Performance
Sequencer
The on-board Sequencer allows you to record Song Styles (Real-Time recording method), to play Songs back and
to play with Styles. Data saved in the sequencer is stored to the System-RAM (battery backed-up).
Play Direct from Disk
Playing Direct from Disk means playing a Song in WK, PK, or SMF format directly from the Floppy Disk without
having to load all data to memory. This feature becomes useful when you wish to play a Song or a Midi File that
exceeds the available Sequencer mermory
Automatic Accompaniments
wk1000 features 96 ROM Styles that add automatic accompaniments to the 3 Real Time keyboard sections (Upper
1, Upper 2, Lower). Each Style features 4 Variations that contain Basic, Intro, Ending and Fill patterns, totalling
40 different patterns. Up to 7 User Styles (Styles loaded from disk) can be stored to wk1000 memory.
The disk drive
The Disk Drive is a device used to transfer data from and to Floppy Disks. Floppy Disks can be stored to create
an external library of Songs, Styles, Performances and Samples. A disk drive reads from and saves to 3,5” Floppy
Disks that can respectively store up to 720 kb (2DD disks) and 1,44 Mb (2HD disks). (1,44 Mb) and (720 kb) are
recognized formats to exchange Midi Files.
Karaoke
The lyrics of a song can be read on the wk1000 display (two lines, 24 characters each). Alternatively, the on-board
video interface makes it possible to use wk1000 in Karoke mode with an external TV monitor. The interface can
be adapted to the different video standards used in Europe or in the U.S. In order to read the lyrics, the “TV text”
function in the MIDI/GENERAL page must be turned on, and the RGB/SCART cable supplied with the keyboard
must be connected to the TV set.
Updatable Operating System
The Operating System, that is, the software that controls wk1000, is stored in a Flash ROM. It can be updated
by loading more powerful releases that offer more functions.
MIDI
Thanks to its fully implemented MIDI features, wk1000 can become a master keyboard. Moreover wk1000 can
be controlled by another master instrument and operate like a 16-part multi-timbral expander.
Direct Connection to a computer
wk1000 can connect directly to a computer (Mac, PC o Atari) by a single serial cable. This kind of connection can
be alternative to a normal MIDI connection and needs no optional MIDI interface for the computer. The speed
of the information exchange can be adapted to the specific computer used. Serial cables can be purchased at
any computer shop.
Introduction
Page1
owners manual
wk1000
wk1000 Front Panel
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1
4
2
6
7
8
5
10
9
13
12
11
30
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31
1
2
3
POWER
VOLUME
CURSOR / PAGE
4
MELODY OFF
5
DEMO
6
SINGLE TOUCH
PLAY
7
8
9
RECALL/STORE PERFORMANCE
(F1/F9) FUNCTION
KEYS (S.T. PLAY/
PERFORMANCE)
ARRANGER.
10 V A R I A T I O N
2,3,4
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Switch the instrument ON and OFF.
Control the instrument overall Volume.
Navigation keys. The PAGE and PAGE keys select the edit
function pages. The CURSOR key is used to move among the
various sections of the page. The selected function is shown
by a pointing arrowhead in the display.
This keys turns off the melody in the played back Song. It is a
useful feature when singing over the backing, or to play the
melody live on the keyboard.
This key starts the Demo songs. The F1/F8 function keys select
the 8 Songs that demonstrate the instruments potential. F9 key
plays the Songs back in a sequence.
When this function is active (the display indicates it as ON), the
sounds of a Style-Performance are assigned to the Style tracks.
The ARRANGE ON/OFF and ARRANGE MEMORY functions
are autmatically activated. In this mode, the 9 Function keys
(F1/F9) recall 9 Single Touch Play settings that vary according
to the selected Style. When the display indicator is OFF when
a Style is selected, only the sounds from the Drum, Bass,
Acc1,2,3 will change.
This button enter the performance mode, and the cursor arrowhead in the display moves down to indicate PERF in the
menu). The PAGE keys select the 7 groups that contain the 63
Performances (each group features 9); (F1/F9) Function keys
recall the Performance. It is possible to modify the Performance
settings and save them. If the key is pressed and held for about
2 seconds, the STORE PERFORMANCE is activated, where the
control panel settings may be saved to the current erformance
and even renamed it with a new Performance name.
These keys select Demo Songs, Performances, Single Touch Play
settings, Style, Song Style or current Song tracks, depending
on the selected mode of wk1000 . When in Song mode, the
two rows of numbers under the function keys correspond to
the 16 Song Tracks (F1/F8). F9 toggles between tracks 01- 08
and 09-16
Functions control the Styles. ARRANGE ON/OFF enables (led
ON) or disables (led OFF) the automatic accompaniment of
the Styles. LOWER MEMORY: notes in the Lower section of the
keyboard continue to sound (display indicator ON) or stop
(indicator OFF) after releasing the keys played in the Lower
section of the keyboard.
11
FADE
Starts and stops a Style with a gradual increase and decrease of volume. The first effect is obtained by pressing
the Start key first and the FADE key together, the second
by pressing the FADE while playing. FADE action is shown
by the display indicator which turns on.
FILL A (Fills to previ- This key plays a Fill pattern (display indicator ON) and then
goes back to the previous Variation.
ous Variation)
FILL (Fills to current Variation) It plays a Fill pattern and sticks to the current Variation.
FILL B (Fills to next When this key is pressed while a Style is played (the display
indicator turns ON), the Fill pattern is recalled and it passes
Variation)
on to the successive Variation.
TAP
12
Tapping on this key 3 or four times automatically sets the beat
speed and starts the Style in the desired Tempo.
KEY START/STOP/ CON- Synchronizes the start of a Style with a note or chord played
TINUE
in the lower keyboard area. Resumes the current Song Style
or Song from the point where it had been stopped
START/STOP
Play or stop the selected style
INTRO
Start the selected style with a music introduction
ENDING
Stops the selected style with a music Coda (ending)
13
BALANCE
Balance the level between the Arranger and the Real Time
sections (Upper1, Upper2, Lower)
14
TEMPO/DATA, ENTER, Modify the Tempo speed in Styles, Song Styles or Songs.
ESCAPE
Once a mode is selected the +/- button modify the value of
the selected parameter. ENTER confirms selections or edit.
ESCAPE cancels the data input data exits the edit page.
15
SUSTAIN
adds a sustain effect to the three keyboard sections (Upper
1, 2 e Lower) independently by the Damper Pedal
16
REV/CHO
Enables (led ON) or disables (led OFF) the Digital Signal
Processor.
17
HARMONY
enables or disables the melody harmonizer.
18
TRANSPOSE b / #
Raises (#) or lowers ( b) the overall pitch of the instrument
by a semitone every time that it is pressed, up to a maximum of ± 12 semitones (1 octave). When both keys are
pressed at the same time the transposer is set back to 0.
1 , These keys change the Style variation patterns (the display
indicator is ON). The selected variation is shown by the relative led which turns on.
Introduction
owners manual
wk1000
wk1000 Front Panel
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22
23
24
19
20
17
15
16
26
25
28
12
19
14
18
STYLE/TEMPO LOCK. Once a Performance is selected only the realtime sections
STYLE LOCK
(Lower, Upper 1 e 2) change, while the accompaniment
tracks remain unchanged. TEMPO LOCK: when active
(display indicator ON), the current Tempo setting is locked
for all Style changes. When Tempo Lock function is ON,
the display will flash “ Tempo” indication that alternates
the current value with the “Lock” indication.
20
PLAY ALL SONGS
Pressing this key will play all the Songs or MIDIFiles available on disk in a sequence.
21
DISPLAY
This device displays and provides access to the various
parameters. The user interface shows the currrent status of
the machine at all times. The ON or OFF status of the panel
keys is shown by corresponding indicators or icons that turn
on or off accordingly. When a MIDIFile is played, wk1000
display will show the lyrics of the song in the first two lines
(for a maximum of 24 characters). The surrounding silkscreened indications to the left and to the right, belong to
the display area and will be described in detail in Chapter
2 ( “Basic Concepts”), in the “Display” section.
22
U P P E R 1 , U P P E R 2 , These keys enable (led ON) or disable (led OFF) the corLOWER
responding keyboard sections.
23
FLOPPY DISK
Enters the disk drive operating functions (Load, Save,
Delete, Format) when transferring data to disk (SAVE), or
from disk (LOAD).
24
LYRICS
Enables (led ON ) or disables (led OFF) the song lyrics in
the display playing a Midifile.
25
SOUND
Enables (led ON) or disables (led OFF) the numeric keypad
to recall Sounds (00-127), including the Drumkits located in
banks 2, 3 and 4, referred to the silkscreened values written
above in the panel. Three-digit numbers are selected by
first pressing the +100 key, followed by the remaining two
digits. The sound banks 1, 2, 3 and 4 are selected in cyclic
order by pressing the +/– buttons simultaneously.
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STYLE
Enables (led ON) or disables (led OFF) the numeric keypad
to recall Styles (00-95), USER Styles (96-103),Song/ Styles
(104-110) and Songs (111-117).
Introduction
27
KEYPAD
Numeric pad to recall sound, sound bank or styles.
28
SEQUENCER
The RECORD button automatically enables the instrument
to recording Song Styles. If the button is pressed and held
for a fe seconds enter to the CLEAR function, that allows
you to cancel recording errors and unwanted parts (all,
chord,etc.). PLAY/STOP starts and stops the Songs and
record and play the Song Styles.
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PITCH/BEND
The Pitch Bend wheel directly controls the pitch of the
sounds generated by the wk1000. Moving it horizontally
gives a “gliding” effect that adds reality to some acoustic
instruments such as saxophone, guitars, violins etc.
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MODULATION
The modulation button enables the sound modulation
31
DISK DRIVE
The disk drive is located to the left of the instrument,
under the keyboard. It works with 3.5” disks of the (2DD)
or (2HD) type.
Page3
owners manual
wk1000
wk1000 REAR PANEL CONNECTIONS
1
RGB
MUSIC
LYRYCS
2
S-VHS
COMPUTER
3
MIDI-IN
4
MIDI-OUT
5
6
DAMPER VOLUME
AUX
OUT
6
7
PHONES DC-12V
FILES
ON
SCREEN KARAOKE
PERFORMANCE
1
2
3
V I D E O I N T E R - An interface with RGB and SVHS ports to
FACE
connect wk1000 to aTV set or monitor to
display the Lyrics of a Song. A Video cable
is supplied with the instrument.
COMPUTER
Serial port to directly connect wk1000 to
a computer (Apple Macintosh, or IBM, or
compatibile). The data exchange between
wk1000 and a computer requires appropriate setting, as explained in detail in the
MIDI/ General chapter.
MIDI
MIDI interface equipped with MIDI IN and
MIDI OUT sockets to connect wk1000 to
other MIDI devices (keyboard, computer
etc.). MIDI cables are not supplied with the
instrument. When using wk1000 alone, it is
not necessary to connect the MIDI ports to
any external device.
4
DAMPER (*)
5
VOLUME (*)
6
AUX/OUT
7
PHONES
DC-12V
8
When the DAMPER pedal (optional) is connected to this socket, the notes played on
the keyboard are sustained if the pedal is
pressed.
When a VOLUME pedal (optional) is connected to this socket, the overall volume of
the keyboard or of the selected sections is
controlled by this pedal.
Audio output to connect wk1000 to an
external system (mixer, external amplifier,
DAT recorder, etc.).
Headphone socket.
Adapter socket, to connect wk1000 to a
220V mains source through the AC/DC
power supply adapter provided with the
instrument.
(*) Damper Pedal product code 970134/970116
(*) Volume Pedal product code 970013
Page4
Introduction
owners manual
wk1000
GETTING STARTED
In this chapter you will find step by step instructions on the basic functions that will help you understand
and get to know your instrument straightaway.
POWERING UP AND PRELIMINARY OPERATIONS
POWER ON/OFF
The switch to turn the keyboard on and off is located on the left lateral panel.
To power wk1000 up insert the power supply cable in the rear-panel mains
socket, and plug the cable into a 220V wall socket.
PLAY THE KEYBOARD AND CHANGE THE SOUNDS
1 Play on the keyboard.
The PIANO sound plays over the whole keyboard
extension.
PIANO
The group of Keyboard activator keys (Upper 2,
Upper 1, Lower) shows that UPPER 1 is active: the
led is ON. The UPPER 1 section of the keyboard is
now playing.
UPPER 1
UPPER 2
UPPER
2
LOWER
You can also enable the Upper 2 e Lower sections
of the keyboard.
UPPER 1
2 Press the button UPPER 2 and play
UPPER 2
UPPER
2
LOWER
A second sound is enabled layered with the first,
Each note played on the keyboard plays two sounds
simultaneously.
PIANO
UPPER
1
POLYSYNTH
UPPER 2
UPPER 1
3 Press the button LOWER and play on the keyboard
using with both hands.
LOWER
UPPER 2
UPPER
2
LOWER
A third sound is now enabled. The keyboard is now
divided in two parts, with a Split point on B3 note
The LOWER keyboard section plays in the C2 - B3
area. UPPER 1 and UPPER 2 sections play in the
C4 - C7 area.
PIANO
HALOPAD
POLYSYNTH
4 Adjust the overall volume.
Use the VOLUME dial to adjust the overall volume
of the instrument. Two thirds of the maximum range
of the knob is recommended.
Getting Started
Page5
owners manual
wk1000
SELECT PERFORMANCES AND LISTEN TO THE SOUNDS
1 Press the PERFORMANCE RECALL button
2 Select a PERFORMANCE
Use the Function keys (F1/F9) to select one of the
9 Performances in the first bank
1
2
3 Play on the keyboard.
The selected Performance recalls a different combination of sounds. The keyboard setting may also
change (Split or Full mode). Sounds and keyboard
mode depend on the selected Performance. The Split
point is the same for all Performances.
A Performances may recall:
• Combinations of up to 3 keyboard sounds;
• Different settings of the control panel;
• Styles.
4
More details on the Performances are available
in the “Performance” section of the Owner’s
Manual.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
0
+
+100
4 Change the sounds
Use the SOUND button (the led is ON) and the numeric keypad to select a sound. You can also press
the +/-buttons to select sounds step by step.
SELECT STYLES AND PLAY WITH AUTOMATIC ACCOMPANIMENTS
The default set up always recall the style #1, but you can select any style in the following way:
1 Press the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY button
The corresponding box on the display is highlighted
and the ARRANGE ON/OFF LED on the control
panel turns on.
2 Press the STYLE button (the LED turns on) and dialing the corresponding number on the keypad.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
0
+
2
2
3 Press START/STOP.
The drum accompaniment (Drum track) starts
playing.
3
4 Play a chord with the left hand (keeping below
split point B3) and a melody with the right hand.
A full instrumental accompaniment to your melody
starts playing automatically.
The combination of the sounds playing in the accompaniment depends from the selected Style.
You can modify the preset combination of the
sounds in real time by the button Upper 2, Upper
1 and Lower.
More details can be found in the “Styles” chapter of this manual.
Page6
4
UPPER 1
UPPER 2
UPPER
2
LOWER
Getting Started
+100
owners manual
wk1000
USING PITCH BEND AND MODULATION WHEEL
You can modify the pitch of the keyboard sound while you are playing, using the Pitch Bend
wheel located to the left of the keyboard.
Pitch UP
To get Modulation press the Modulation button
To get Bend Bend, move the wheel vertically (upwards or downwards)
Pitch Bend and Modulation are variation of the pitch that imitate
the vibrato or other typical effects of some instruments (trombone,
guitar, violin, etc.).
P i t c h
DOWN
USE THE EFFECTS
The REV/CHO key can be enabled (led ON) or disabled (led OFF).
You can temporarily modify the active effects in a Performance or a
Style, by holding the REV/CHO key down. wk1000 features 22 types
of Reverb and 22 types of Modulation/Delay (Chorus) effect.
USE THE HEADPHONES
Plug your headphones in the headphone socket located on the rear panel of wk1000. The keyboard loudspeakers are turned off automatically. (see detail on Page 4 "CONNECTIONS").
USE THE PEDALS
If you have purchased the optonal Generalmusic pedals (volume and
footswitch pedals), connect them to the relative Volume and Damper
pedal on the rear panel. Pedals will add the following controls:
1
2
1 Damper = Damper (sustain)
2 Volume = Master Volume
ADJUST THE OVERALL EFFECT VOLUME
You can adjust the effects general volume as it is more suitable to the environment where you are playing.
Although Performance recalls appropriate effect volume and mixer settings for each track, you can adjust
the overall level by a single operation, to give more or less intensity to the Effect General Level.
1 Press and hold the REV/CHO key, the current effect selection and the relative general level will
be shown in the display.
PAGE
PAGE
Use the CURSOR key to move over the page, and the
TEMPO/ DATA keys to select among the 22 types of
Reverb and the 22 types of Modulations available.
CURSOR
The general level of each effect is shown at the side:
this can be modified using the Tempo/empo/Data
keys.
If you store the new settings with the STORE
PERFORMANCE function, they will remain in the
machine RAM memory even if the instrument is
turned off.
Getting Started
Page7
owners manual
wk1000
TRANSPOSE THE INSTRUMENT (IN SEMITONES)
If you play a difficult tune that implies the use of many black keys, or if the tune you are playing is not in key
with the Singer’s voice or with another instrument , you can transpose wk000 to play in a different key.
The TRANSPOSE b/# buttons allow to transpose the instrument by ±12 semitones (12 semitones = 1
octave).
1 Press the TRANSPOSE b or TRANSPOSE # key
In the central part of the display keyboard current
tune status is shown (00 = default tuning).
2 Press TRANSPOSE b to lower the pitch, or TRANSPOSE # to raise the pitch
Each time the TRANSPOSE b key is pressed, the
display will show a decrease of one semitone.
Each time the TRANSPOSE # key is pressed, the
display will show an increase of one semitone.
If either key is pressed and held for some time, the transposer value changes continuosly to reach the
maximum value (-12 o +12) is reached.
CLEAR THE TRANSPOSE SETTING
If you press both TRANSPOSE keys at the same time,
the transpose settings will be cleared and the keyboard
will be restored to the original neutral (00) status.
DEMO: HOW TO PLAY THE DEMO SONGS
The Demo Songs of wk1000 can be started at any time to get an idea of the real sound potential of this
instrument.
1 Press the DEMO key
2 Select one of the first 8 function buttons (F1/F8)
below the display
Each function key corresponds to a Song. By pressing
the F9 (ALL) key you can listen to all of the 8 Demo
songs chained in a medley.
The Demo Song starts.
3 To stop the Demo Song press the function key
again, or press the DEMO key to exit.
Page8
Getting Started
owners manual
wk1000
PLAY A SONG DIRECT FROM DISK
The wk1000 can play Song in: GMX, WK2, PK7, WK3 or Standard Midi File [SMF] format, directly from disk,
without having to load them to the memory. Insert a disk containing compatible music files in the driver.
1 Insert the floppy disk into the disk drive
2 Press the FLOPPY DISK key
*,", The DISK icon lights up and the cursor arrowhead
moves to the LOAD indication in the disk menu. The
display shows the first available file type complete
with the relative extension.
1
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3 Use the Tempo/Data keys to scroll over the disk
file directory until the name of the desired file
appears
4 Press PLAY/STOP or START/STOP to start the song
direct from disk
The message “Wait!!!” appears for a few seconds, on
the display then the selected song starts playing.
5 Press again the PLAY/STOP o START/STOP buttons
at any time to stop the song playback
Getting Started
Page9
owners manual
wk1000
BASIC CONCEPTS
In this chaper you will find the basic concepts to make wk1000 work, along with general information that
will help you understand the various parts of the instrument. To gain access to the keyboard functions, as
well as following the instructions in the Owner’s Manual chapter, you can follow a friendly shortcut: by
holding down the key relative of the function you wish to modify, wk1000 will automatically set into the
desired function edit mode.
STYLES, SONG STYLES AND SONGS
wk1000 operating modes are: Style/RealTime mode: to play with the accompaniments or use wk1000 as
a normal keyboard. To enable this mode, select one amoung the 63 PERFORMANCES or a STYLE from the
Style selection keypad. This is the default mode when wk1000 is powered up. Song Style mode: to record
the keyboard sounds with accompaniments and create 8-track Songs. To enable this mode, press the
STYLE key (led ON), select the desired number (104-110) on the numerif keypad and press the RECORD
key. Song mode: to playback Songs from a disk or from the memory. To enable this mode select the Song
number (111-117) on the numeric keypad.
STYLE AND REAL TIME MODES (STYLE ACCOMPANIMENTS OFF)
Style and Real Time mode have a Performance in common.
In Style mode up to 8 tracks (5 accompaniment +
3 realtime) can play simultaneously, while only up
to 3 tracks can play in Real Time mode. Performances are edited in the same way in both modes.
REALTIME SECTIONS
Upper 1
Lower
Upper 2
Split Point
Style/Real Time Performances are always divided
into two parts:
• the first 5 tracks are dedicated to the automatic
accompaniment;
• the other 3 tracks are dedicated to the keyboard
sections (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower) to play in Real
Time.
Style tracks
BASS
DRUM
ACC1
ACC2
ACC3
Sounds and accompaniments can be recalled by:
Selecting a Style
Press the STYLE key, then select a number on the
numeric keypad.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
0
+
+100
Selecting a Performance
Press the PERFORMANCE RECALL button, then
select a Performance using the function buttons
located below the display.
1
Page10
2
Getting Started
owners manual
wk1000
STYLE LOCK AND SINGLE TOUCH PLAY
The sounds recalled by selecting Performance and Style are controlled by the status of the SINGLE TOUCH
PLAY and STYLE LOCK functions.
PERFORMANCE
STYLE
SOUND
SP
MENU
SOUND
PERFORMANCE
STYLE / SONG
ARR. MODE / SPLIT
HARMONY
REVERB / CHORUS
MIDI / GENERAL
RECORD
PLAY
Tra ck 1-8
Track 9-16
dim6
119
513
TRANSPOSE
MEASURE
METRONOME
ACC. 2
ACC. 3
TEMPO
mM7 aug sus 4
DRUMS
BASS
ACC. 1
REC
LOWER
CHORD
REC
UPPER 2
FADE
OCTAVE
TOUCH
MELODY OFF
REC
UPPER 1
H disk
F disk
HARMONY
ARR.MEM.
LOW.MEM.
STYLE LOCK
1
3
LOC
SINGLE TOUCH PLAY ON
Enabling the function the “SP” message appears above left in the display. Selecting any
Style are recalled the following parameters:
accompaniment patterns, a proper set of
sounds for the Style and for the Keyboard
and, if the Tempo Lock function is off, the
memorized Tempo.
SINGLE TOUCH PLAY OFF
No “SP” message is shown in the display.
The Style selection recalls the accompaniment patterns, the Style sounds, the tempo
data. The realtime sections sounds remain
unchanged.
2
4
MODE
UPPER 1
UPPER 2
LOWER
DISK
LOAD
SAVE
UTILITY
FLASH
STYLE LOCK ON (indicated in the display)
Selecting a Performance the Style does
not change. Only the keyboard sounds
are changed, the Style data remain unchanged.
STYLE LOCK OFF (indicated in the display)
Selecting a Performance all the programmed
parameters are recalled: the Style, the Variation, the Tempo speed, the effects and the
realtime section souns.
TEMPO LOCK
It is enabled by pressing and holding down
the STYLE/TEMPO LOCK for a few seconds.
The tempo area in the display will show the
“LOC” message blinking. Now the style can be
changed and the tempo will not be affected.
To disable the function press and hold the
STYLE/TEMPO LOCK once again.
SONG STYLE MODE
Song Styles are 8-track songs created by recording the 3 keyboard sections and the automatic accompaniment of the Styles (5 tracks). The Style chords are recorded in the CHORD track. Song Styles are a quick
method to create backing tracks for singers or solo instruments. Up to 7 Song Styles can be loaded to the
wk1000 memory.
SONG MODE
A Song is a multi-timbral 16-track performance, in which each track represents an instrument of the orchestra or of the band. wk1000 can load and playback songs in the following formats: GMX, PK7, WK3 or
MidiFile (Standard Midi File) created on external sequencers. Up to 7 Songs can be loaded to the memory,
if the locations are available. wk1000 can be used as a MIDI 16-part sound generator.
Getting Started
Page11
owners manual
wk1000
PERFORMANCES
A Performance is a combination of sounds and settings. Performances can store the current status of the
panel buttons and information pertaining to the parts that make up a Performance to play in real time and
with Styles. Performances memorise effect settings, the status of the controllers (pedals, Pitch/Modulation
ball), the pads configuration, the MIDI channel configuration, the status of the tracks (On/Off), the Tempo
setting and more. By selecting a Performance, all the settings memorised to the Performance are recalled
in a single step. There are 63 programmable Performances available to choose from, giving you a variety
of possibilities of setting the wk1000 to your liking with the least number of operations. In addition, in ROM
(non-programmable) there are as many Style-Performances as there are ROM Styles, which you can recall
at the touch of a button using the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY function.
REALTIME PERFORMANCES
63 user-programmable Performances are arranged in 7 PERFORMANCE GROUPS. Performances recall
combinations of the keyboard sounds, panel settings, Style, Variation and Tempo. Press the PERFORMANCE
RECALL button to quickly access the Performances (select them with the F1/F9 buttons). Hold down the
same button to activate the STORE PERFORMANCE command, which allows you to save the panel situation
to the current Performance.
STYLE PERFORMANCES
96 default non-programmable Performances are associated to the ROM Styles which are permanently
stored in the instrument’s Read Only Memory. The default Style Performances are recalled when Styles are
selected with the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY function selected (display indicator on). Style Performances recall
sounds for the accompaniments and keyboard sections.
SINGLE TOUCH PLAY SETTING
SINGLE TOUCH PLAY SETTINGS are additional Performances which are recalled by using the function buttons F1/F9 when the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY function is active (display indicator selected). In this condition,
as well as being able to select the ROM Styles using the Style / Song selection keypad, you can also recall
up to 9 preset real time keyboard settings (combinations of the Upper 1, Upper 2 and Lower sounds) which
depend on the current Style. The possibilities are, therefore, endless when you consider that there are 96
ROM Styles, each with 10* Single Touch Play settings (for a total of 960 preset settings!).
SONG STYLE PERFORMANCE
Song Style Performances (non-programmable) are associated to the Song Styles which are stored in appropriate memory locations as indicated in the Song/Style lists at the top of the instrument’s control panel.
The Song Style Performances recall sounds associated to the accompaniment tracks and keyboard tracks
used in the recording.
SONG PERFORMANCE
Every Song loaded or played from disk is associated to a specific Song Performance which is automatically
recalled by selecting the Song (111-117).
Page12
Getting Started
owners manual
wk1000
TRACKS
The Track is the smallest part of a Performance and each type of Performance contains a number of tracks
that correspond to the playing mode to which the Performance is associated. A sound can be assigned to
each track; the display always shows the sounds assigned to the realtime keyboard sections (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower).
PERFORMANCE
PAGE
PAGE
CURSOR
MENU
SOUND
PERFORMANCE
STYLE / SONG
ARR. MODE / SPLIT
HARMONY
REVERB / CHORUS
MIDI / GENERAL
RECORD
PLAY
Tra ck 1-8
Track 9-16
FADE
OCTAVE
TOUCH
MELODY OFF
STYLE
dim6
119
513
TRANSPOSE
SOUND
MEASURE
METRONOME
ACC. 2
ACC. 3
TEMPO
mM7 aug sus 4
DRUMS
BASS
ACC. 1
CHORD
REC
LOWER
REC
UPPER 2
REC
UPPER 1
UPPER 1
H disk
F disk
HARMONY
ARR.MEM.
LOW.MEM.
STYLE LOCK
1
3
2
4
MODE
UPPER 1
UPPER 2
LOWER
DISK
UPPER 2
UPPER
2
LOWER
LOAD
SAVE
UTILITY
It is also possible to see the sounds assigned to all the tracks of the current Performance. The Tracks are
divided into two groups: 01-08 and 09-16. If the display arrowhead shows the Song function selected,
the function button F9 allows you to switch from the track set 01-08 to 09-16. The Sounds assigned to
the tracks are displayed as Program Change numbers. The bar graphs shown directly under the Program
Change numbers represent the track Volume levels. The status (ON or OFF) of the Upper 1, Upper 2 and
Lower tracks can be changed by intervening directly on the corresponding section activators (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower). The ON/OFF status of all the other tracks of the Performance (except the real time tracks)
is changed by pressing the corresponding function buttons repeatedly (provided that the PERF function is
not shown selected with the arrowhead). The ON/OFF status of the tracks is shown by the track name (e.g.
‘Drum’) which is displayed when ON or cancels when OFF.
SOUNDS
wk1000 sounds can be: ROM sounds, Drum kit sounds, Samples.
ROM Sounds
wk1000 contains 471 sample-based ROM Sounds (including 20 Drumkits). The Sample Ram allows you to
load one or more samples in memory, to increase the sound potential of the instrument.
DRUM KITS
Drumkits assign a different percussive sound to each note of the keyboard. Banks 2 and 3 of the PERCUSSIVE Sound Group contain 20 Drumkits. Bank 4 contains a special drumkit (location 112) configured with
some extra special sounds (DrumSFX) to tickle your immagination.
SAMPLES
wk1000 can load samples in WK2, PK7, WK3 and CD formats. They can be loaded to the memory using
the “ Load All Disk” function.
Getting Started
Page13
owners manual
wk1000
CONNECTIONS
This section gives a brief explaination of the rear panel sockets and of the the types of connection possible
for your wk1000.
POWER
Connects wk1000 to a mains socket through the provided AC/DC power
supply adapter
AUX/OUTPUTS
The rear-panel Stereo output jacks allows the wk1000 to
be connected to an external amplification system (keyboard amplifier, domestic stereo system, mixing console,
etc.). The signal is processed by the instrument’s internal
digital effects processor. For stereo reproduction, connect
two jack cables to the AUXOUT. To exclude the instrument’s internal amplification and use the audio outputs
only, insert a jack into the headphones socket. Connecting
the AUXOUT jacks only to external amplification equipment, does not exclude the internal speakers.
RGB
S-VHS
COMPUTER
MIDI-IN
MIDI-OUT
DAMPER VOLUME
AUX
OUT
PHONES DC-12V
MIDI
wk1000 has MIDI IN/OUT port for standard MIDI connections. Detailed information regarding MIDI applications are found in the dedicated chapter further ahead. Below follow brief instructions on the principal
MIDI connections
MIDI IN
wk1000 CONTROLLING A MIDI INSTRUMENT (MASTER)
Connect the wk1000 MIDI OUT to the MIDI IN of the external instrument
RGB
S-VHS
COMPUTER
MIDI-IN
MIDI-OUT
DAMPER VOLUME
AUX
OUT
PHONES DC-12V
DAMPER VOLUME
AUX
OUT
PHONES DC-12V
AUX
OUT
PHONES DC-12V
wk1000 CONTROLLED BY A MIDI MASTER KEYBOARD (SLAVE)
MIDI OUT
Connect the wk1000 MIDI IN to the MIDI OUT of the master keyboard. If you wish the master keyboard to simulate
wk1000 fully, set it to transmit on the same channel as the
wk1000 Common Channel, setting all other channels to off.
RGB
S-VHS
COMPUTER
MIDI-IN
MIDI-OUT
USE wk1000 TO RECORD ON AN EXTERNAL MIDI SEQUENCER
Connect the wk1000 MIDI IN to the MIDI OUT of the external device, the wk1000 MIDI OUT to the MIDI IN of the
external device. In MIDI/GENERAL select with the PAGE
button the LOCAL control. Enable “Local OFF” function in
the UPPER 1 keyboard section, but do not disable the track.
In this way the keyboard is separated from the sound generation and wk1000 sends midi data to its own internal
sound engine via the computer/sequencer.
MIDI OUT
RGB
Page14
S-VHS
COMPUTER
MIDI-IN
MIDI IN
MIDI-OUT
DAMPER VOLUME
Getting Started
owners manual
wk1000
PEDALS
Connect the optional Volume and Damper pedal to the relative
sockets. The default Control Change (CC) messages appear as
follows:
RGB
S-VHS
COMPUTER
MIDI-IN
MIDI-OUT
DAMPER VOLUME
AUX
OUT
PHONES DC-12V
DAMPER: Damper (generates CC64)
VOLUME: Master Volume (generates CC07 on Common Channel)
COMPUTER
wk1000 can be connected to a computer through the COMPUTER (serial) connector. Computer connection
is alternative to MIDI connection. The two types of connection cannot be used at the same time.
MAC. Connect to the MAC Modem port through a standard serial cable. Properly set the sequencer
on your Mac to communicate with wk1000.
PC IBM and compatibles. Use standard serial cables of the DB8-DB9, DB8-DB25 type to connect
to the serial port. Select the wk1000 appropriate speed to communicate with the PC (refer to the
“MIDI/GENERAL” chapter).
VIDEO INTERFACE
The Video RGB and S-VHS sockets connect the instrument to
a TV set or monitor to display Song lyrics in Karaoke Style.
wk1000 is configured to operate with the European Video
Standard (PAL). In the U.S.A. the instrument must be configured in the NTSC standard. Refer to the “MIDI/GENERAL”
chapter for more details. Connect a RGB monitor, a TV set or
a short-circuit video set to this socket. For domestic TV sets, set
the AV mode.
MUSIC
LYRYCS
FILES
ON
SCREEN KARAOKE
PERFORMANCE
RGB
S-VHS
COMPUTER
MIDI-IN
MIDI-OUT
DAMPER VOLUME
AUX
OUT
PHONES DC-12V
HEADPHONES
wk1000 features a headphones socket. Plugging the heaphones jacks into the headphones socket excludes the internal
speakers and allows private listening.
DAMPER VOLUME
AUX
OUT
PHONES DC-12V
MUSIC STAND
A music stand is supplied in the wk1000 package. Fix it to the instrument holes in the rear panel to hold
music scores.
Getting Started
Page15
owners manual
wk1000
THE DISPLAY
wk1000 features a large, back-lit multifunction liquid crystal display that will simplify all operations performed on the instrument. The user interface is divided into 7 areas:
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5
1 MENU (left)
2
6
7
1
5 INDICATORS (right)
Show the ON/OFF status of the corresponding functions.
MODE
The names of the 3 real time sections selected with the
corresponding buttons to the right (Upper 1, Upper 2,
Lower). A LED indicator near the button shows which
section is selected. The on/off status of the keyboard sections determine how the keyboard sounds are combined
and set the keyboard modes (Full or Split).
7 DISK
Indicate the FLOPPY DISK activity once the relative button on the panel is pressed.
It lists all functions that are accessed by the reference keys
INDICATORS (left)
Indicators show the ON or OFF status of the relative func- 6
tions.
READING AREA (two lines, up to 24 characters)
When LYRICS function is active, the Song lyrics are displayed
in this area. Alternatively, it shows the names of the events
associated to Style, Upper1, Upper2, and Lower sections.
CENTRAL AREA
The following events are visualized in this area:
• The Accompaniment and realtime tracks volume
• The left hand accompaniment chord;
• The Metronome ON/OFF status;
• The Tempo setting and metronome beat;
• The disk drive functions
• The overall Transpose setting;
• The Sequencer measure counter;
• The values relating to functions;
• The names of the : Sounds, Styles, Performances,
Song Styles, Songs, and functions.
DATA ENTRY
Modes, pages and values are selected as follows: After selecting a function with the corresponding arrowhead, it is possible to:
PAGE
• Change Page (where two or more pages are given) using the PAGE buttons
PAGE
CURSOR
• Enter data (change parameter values) using the TEMPO/DATA buttons
Page16
Getting Started
owners manual
wk1000
ENTERING ALPHANUMERIC DATA
When you need to enter the name of a Performance, of a Song Style, or during SAVE operations in Disk
mode, the wk1000 keyboard operates like a alphanumeric input peripheral. Each keyboard note corresponds to a letter,a number or a symbol.
Up to 7 character names can be entered through the keyboard keys. (up to 8 characters when working in
FLOPPY DISK mode). The table illustrates the position of the characters on the keyboard. The leftmost notes
are control keys:
Toggles between Caps On / Caps Off (Capital and small letters).
INSERT adds a character between two others ones,
OVERWRITE, replaces existing characters.
The keyboard default setting is: OVERWRITE.
Add a space
• E2: SPACE Deletes the current selection or the successive characters.
• F2: DELETE • G2:<— (BACKSPACE) Deletes the previous characters.
• D2: CAPS
• D#2:INS/OVER
INSERT/OVERWRITE
ENTER / ESCAPE
ESCAPE cancels an operation or the
values assigned to the parameters.
Getting Started
ENTER confirms an operation and the
values assigned to the modified parameter.
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owners manual
wk1000
SOUNDS AND PERFORMANCES
THE REAL TIME KEYBOARD SECTIONS (UPPER 1, UPPER2, LOWER)
PAGE
PAGE
CURSOR
The display constantly shows which tracks are assigned to the accompaniment and which ones
PERFORMANCE
are assigned to
the keyboardSTYLE
section (this does
not happen only when a special mode is selected,
where the deactivation of the tracks is required).
MENU
The sections
SOUND that can be played in Real Time are:
PERFORMANCE
UpperSTYLE
1,/ SONG
Upper 2 e Lower; they correspond reARR. MODE / SPLIT
spectively
to tracks 7, 8 e 9.
HARMONY
SOUND
REC
LOWER
REC
UPPER 2
REVERB / CHORUS
MIDI / GENERAL
REC
UPPER 1
UPPER 1
H disk
F disk
HARMONY
ARR.MEM.
LOW.MEM.
STYLE LOCK
1
3
2
4
UPPER 2
UPPER
2
MODE
UPPER 1
UPPER 2
LOWER
LOWER
DISK
LOAD
SAVE
UTILITY
SOUNDS AND KEYBOARD MODES
DEFAULT
The keyboard sounds can be combined in different configurations, by using the
LOWER, UPPER 1 e UPPER 2 (realtime section) buttons, located to the right of the
display.
A LED placed next to each of them shows their ON or OFF status. It is possible to set
the keyboard to FULL or SPLIT modes. By selecting one of them, the keyboard will
work in two different ways.
UPPER 1
UPPER 2
UPPER
2
LOWER
FULL MODE
In FULL Mode, you can play over the entire extension of the keyboard, either using a single sound
or two layered sounds .
DEFAULT
1 Section UPPER 1 enabled by default condition
UPPER 1
UPPER 2
UPPER
2
LOWER
PIANO
Section enabled LED ON
In FULL Mode, you can play over the entire extension of the keyboard
UPPER 1
2 Enable the UPPER2 section by pressing the relative button on the panel
UPPER 2
UPPER
2
2
LOWER
PIANO
POLYSYNTH
In FULL Mode, you can play over the entire extension of the keyboard, either using a single Sound
or two Sounds layered. If you wish to play in FULL mode, just turn off the LOWER section by pressing
the LOWER key (led off) as well as the ARRANGE ON/OFF key. By doing this, the UPPER 1 e UPPER 2
sections, whether single or layered, will be assigned to the entire range of the keyboard (make sure
that ARRANGE ON/OFF is turned off). In this mode, when you play with Styles (and the ARRANGE
ON/OFF led is ON), the automatic accompaniment will recognize the current SPLIT point and assign
the part of the keyboard to the left of the Split to the LOWER section. If the LOWER section is turned
OFF, the part of the keyboard to the left of the Split point will be mute. The UPPER 1 and UPPER 2
sections can be activated or deactivated, according to your requirements.
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owners manual
wk1000
SPLIT MODE
The SPLIT mode divide the keyboard into two separate sections using two different Sounds at the same
time: one Sound will be assigned to the left side of the Split point (LOWER) and the other one to the section
on the right (UPPER 1 e/o UPPER 2). Playing in Real Time you can switch to Split mode by simply turning the
LOWER section on (the LED is on): to do this, press the LOWER key located to the right of the display.
Section enabled LED ON
DEFAULT SPLIT POINT: B3
UPPER 1
UPPER 2
UPPER
2
LOWER
LOWER HALOPAD
UPPER 1 - PIANO
To recap, the possible situations are as follows:
Disabled LED OFF
ARRANGE ON/OFF = OFF (the accompaniment is off)
A
B
C
D
E
F
UPPER 1 ON only : Sound from track 9 over the entire keyboard range
UPPER 2 ON only : Sound from track 8 over the entire keyboard range
UPPER 1 and 2 both ON: Sound 8 and 9 are layered over the entire keyboard
UPPER 1 and LOWER both on: Sound from track 7 left of the split and Sound from track 9 on
the right
UPPER 2 and LOWER both on: Sound from track 7 left of the split and Sound from track 8 on
the right
All section on (UPPER1+UPPER2+LOWER) : Sound from track 7 left of the split, and Sounds
from tracks 8 and 9 layered on the right.
Enabled LED ON
ARRANGE ON/OFF = ON (the accompaniment is enabled)
Enabling the ARRANGE (ON/OFF to ON) automatically sets to SPLIT MODE dividing the keyboard at
the Split point. In this case if LOWER section is not active, the left part of the keyboard will not play.
On the contrary, the Sound from track 7 is associated to this section. The function of the other two
sections is identical.
sounds and performances
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owners manual
wk1000
SOUNDS SELECTION
MODE TO RECALL SOUNDS
A Recall the desired Sound in the Real Time keyboard section
1 Press the SOUNDS button on the panel
2 Digit the corresponding SOUND number using the keypad
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
0
+
+100
B Recall Performance containing a sounds combinations
C Recalling a SINGLE TOUCH PLAY setting using the 9 Function buttons (F1/F9).
To assign a Sound to a keyboard section (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower)
1 Select first the section where you want to selec the sound: UPPER
1, UPPER 2, LOWER, using the relative buttons.
UPPER 1
The arrowhead moves immediately to the selected section, while
the assigned Sound blinks in the display.
UPPER 2
UPPER
2
LOWER
2 Enter the Sound number with the numeric keypad
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
0
+
To select a Sound whose number is greater than 99, first press the
100+ key, then enter the two remaining digits. (For example, taking the Sound table on the top right of the control panel as a reference, select Sound No. 100 BRIGHTNESS: first press the +100 key,
then enter 0 twice in the SOUND keypad).
+100
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
0
+
1
2
+100
1
2
3 Play the keyboard using the new sound
Repeat the operation to change the sound of another section. The
Sound shown in the display is always the one assigned to the section indicated by the right arrowhead.
SELECTING SOUND BANKS
wk1000 sound database is arranged in SOUND BANKS. The BANKS
can be selected pressing the +/- buttons on the numeric keypad, at
one time.
Banks 1,2 each 3 contain 128 sounds (Sounds from Bank 1 are General MIDI compatible); Bank 4 features 60 more Sounds that can be
played back by selection Bank 4 and using the +/- buttons from the
right numeric keypad to scroll over its contents. Banks 1, 2 and 3 are
GMX compatible (GMX is an extended General Midi standard created
by Generalmusic).
3
+100
DISPLAY BANK
5
6
4INDICATOR
7
-
1
3
2
84
9
0
+
wk1000 Drumkits are in Banks 2, 3 and 4 (#112-119), 20 drumkits are available (their drum maps are in the
owners manual Appendix) to the . Bank 4 offers an extra Drumkit (DrumSFX). To assign a Drumkit to one of the
keyboard sections, proceed as explained to select a Sound. Make sure that BANK 2 or BANK 3 are selected,
then enter the Drumkit number (112-119). The current Bank number is shown by the numbered indicators, in
the bottom right hand corner in the display.
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wk1000
PERFORMANCES SELECTION
A Performance allows to recall a custom sounds combinaton, including the Style data as described in detail
in the “STYLE” chapter. To recall a Performance, proceed as follows.
1 Press the PERFORMANCE RECALL buttons to
enter the Performance mode, the arrowhead
moves to [Performance] field
2 Use the function buttons (F1/F9) located below the display to recall one of the 9 Performances of the first group (wk1000 default setting is group 1)
PERFORMANCE
PAGE
3
PAGE
CURSOR
3 Use the PAGE or the +/- buttons in the keypad
to access to the 7 groups of 9 Performances
each. The letter “P” and the relative group
number appears in the display, along with the
name of the single Performance selected.
TEMPO/DATA buttons can be used to control
the Tempo speed in Performance mode.
MENU
SOUND
PERFORMANCE
STYLE / SONG
ARR. MODE / SPLIT
HARMONY
REVERB / CHORUS
MIDI / GENERAL
RECORD
PLAY
Tra ck 1-8
Track 9-16
STYLE
dim6
119
513
TRANSPOSE
SOUND
MEASURE
METRONOME
DRUMS
BASS
ACC. 1
ACC. 2
ACC. 3
MO
TEMPO
mM7 aug sus 4
CHORD
REC
LOWER
REC
UPPER 2
REC
UPPER 1
DI
FADE
OCTAVE
TOUCH
MELODY OFF
1
LOAD
SAVE
UTILITY
2
STYLE LOCK
Since a Style is associated to a Performance, by recalling a Performance you will also recall the Style
assigned to it. If you prefer not to recall Styles automatically, you can enable STYLE LOCK function: the
accompaniment will remain unchanged with all Performances.
HOW TO PROGRAMME A PERFORMANCE
wk1000 contains 63 user-programmable Performances that you can modify according to your needs. The
Performance programming operations are quite simple. By programming a performance you will always
recall your favourite Sound combinations, Styles and panel settings.
BEWARE! The instrument MUST NOT be set to PERF mode - the left arrowhead of the display MUST
NOT indicate the PERF menu function.
A Assign a Sounds to the tracks. Select a track with the corresponding function button (F1/F9) under the display, and recall a Sound using the procedure already described. Use the TEMPO/DATA
keys to control the track volume.
B Enable or disable the realtime section UPPER1-UPPER2-LOWER according with your needs.
C Change the ON/OFF status of the accompaniment tracks (Drum, Bass, Acc1, Acc2, Acc3).
Press the corresponding function button repeatedly to obtain the OFF status. It is not possible to
change the ON/OFF status of the Real Time keyboard tracks with the corresponding function buttons (F7/F9) - see point 2 above. The ON/OFF status of a track can be seen at a glance by the
corresponding name (for example ‘Drum’) which appears if ON or cancels if OFF.
D Modify the tracks volume
Use the Function keys (F1/ F9) to enter the desired track. The first page will be shown in the display. Press the CURSOR key once: the volume value will start blinking. Use the TEMPO/DATA key to
modify the volume.
E Transpose the tracks
Use the Function keys (F1/F9) to enter the desired track. Press the CURSOR twice: the transpose
value will start blinking in the dsiplay. Use the TEMPO/DATA keys to raise or lower the pitch by a
semitone.
F Modify the effects.
The ON/OFF status of the REVERB and CHORUS functions, the corresponding effect types and the
relative overall effect volume can be saved to the current Performance
g When the track is blinking, it is possible to modify each value in the single section
Use te PAGE buttons to control the values.
sounds and performances
UPPER 1
UPPER 2
LOWER
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wk1000
PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS
Parameter
Value range
Note
VOLUME
00 - 127
MD=MONO
ON/OFF
Displays the track Volume
UPPER1 section only, Set the monophonic mode in the UPPER 1 sec-
REVSEND
00 -15
CHOSEND
00 -15
TRANSP
24/+24 (semitones)
-63/+63 (1/64th of a
Indicate the fine tuning of the tracks
semitone)
00/31 right 00/-31 left
Moves the sound of the track to the left or to the right
By setting this value to the minimum with the TEMPO/DATA buttons, the PAN mute message appears in the display; the sound is
no longer heard but the effects are still active in the track. In this
case, you will only hear the effect processed sound.
Enables or disables the Volume Pedal control on the track (the
ON/OFF
Volume Pedal is optional and must be connected to the rear
panel jack socket).
Enables or disables the Damper Pedal control. The Damper
ON/OFF
Pedal is optional and must be connected to therear panel jack
socket).
Enables or disables the action of the Pitch/Modulation control
ON/OFF
in the track
Indicates the Bender range: if the value is 00, the Pitch Bender
00/12
wheel will have no effect on the track. A value higher than 00
indicates the wheel action in semitones (e.g.: 12=1 octave)
This function allows to play a WK3 song with edited sounds as
ON/OFF
the original instrument. (ON by default)
DETUNE
PAN
VOLPED
DAMPER: (ON/OFF)
PITCH/M M
PITCHRG
EDITSND
tion
Indicates the Reverb level in the track
Indicates the Chorus/Delay/modulation effects level in the
track
Indicates the transpose setting
Use the TEMPO/DATA buttons to modify each values.
You can exit any edit page at any time without losing your temporary modifications. Save your modifications
if you decide to change to a new Performance. Selecting a new Performance, or selecting the current one
again, will imply losing your data unless you save them.
STORE PERFORMANCE
The STORE PERFORMANCE function key allows you to to save the panel configuration setting to a Performance. Use the STORE PERFORMANCE function whenever you have accomplished one of the actions
described in the previous paragraph. In this way you will freeze the desired panel setting and you will be
able to recall it at all times.
Press ENTER or ESCAPE to save or exit from the
Store Performance operations.
Use the PERFORMANCE RECALL/STORE PERFORMANCE key to enter Performance mode: the arrowhead
moves automatically to the PERF menu function.
The original Performances set by the factory cannot be cancelled, but can be restored at all times by
using the RESTORE function.
IMPORTANT: Using this function the factory-set Performances will be restored to the original memory locations, clearing the location contents. Make sure that your programmed performances will
be saved to a Floppy Disk before resetting with RESTORE.
To save Performances to disk, refer to the Disk chapter. If you modify the first of the 63 available
Performances, this will appear whenever wk1000 is turned on. You may choose not to store your
programmed Performances to disk but keep them in the machine RAM memory taking advantage of
the battery back-up. Keep in mind that in case the battery runs down all your data will be irretrievably
lost.
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sounds and performances
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wk1000
RECAP TO STORE A PERFORMANCE
A Press and hold the STORE PERFORMANCE button
B Press ENTER to confirm the display request [?]
Selecting a Style with th SINGLE TOUCH PLAY function ON, the original Performance (set by Generalmusic)
is recalled. You can modify and store it in one of the 63 programmable Performance available locations.
SAVE EDIT TO A DIFFERENT PERFORMANCE (OR CREATE A NEW ONE)
Plese follow these instructions if you wish to save the Performance to a new memory location,
1 Press and hold the STORE PERFORMANCE key
for a second
2 Use the TEMPO/DATA key to move to the location that will contain the Performance. The
Performance number will be shown in the display (e.g.: P 11)
3 Press ENTER. The Performance is saved to the
new location
PERFORMANCE NAME
To change the Performance name, proceed as follows.
1 Keep the STORE PERF. buttons pressed for a
few seconds
2 Use the symbol located below the keyboard
to write the new name.
3 Confirm with ENTER the Performance saving.
HOW TO RESTORE THE FACTORY PERFORMANCE SETTINGS
The INIT (refer to the “MIDI/GENERAL”) function cancels all modifications applied to the Performances and
restoring the original settings from the ROM memory.
1 Press and hold the MIDI/GENERAL button for
or a few seconds
PAGE
2 Scroll to the INIT page e with the PAGE buttons
3 Select with the TEMPO/ DATA buttons the
parts you wish restore.
ALL Memory
Cancels data from the RAM memory
Sequencer
Cancels data from the Sequencer
Performance
Cancels all 63 Performance from the RAM
Sample
Cancels sample
PAGE
CURSOR
4 Press ENTER to confirm deletion
sounds and performances
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owners manual
wk1000
STYLES
The wk1000 Styles automatically adds the accompaniment, as if you were playing with a band of musicians. The automatic arrangements are provided by the wk1000 Styles. This chapter describes the automatic arrangements of the Styles, how to slect them and how to store them to the Performances. The tracks
contain several programmable parameters: sound, volume, pan, transpose, detune reverb, chorus, pitch
bend, pedal volume and damper. The arrangement patterns cannot be changed in the ROM Styles; in the
USER Style locations (96-103), it is possible to load disk-based Styles in the following formats: WK2, PK7,
WK3 and CD. e at Style Start.
IMPORTANT: If the disk-based User Style contains less than 4 Variations (e.g. only 2), after loading the Styles, be
sure that the Variation indicator in the display indicates either Variation 1 or 2. This is to prevent total silence.
wk1000 STYLES
Styles are a collection of musical patterns typical of various forms of making music, ranging from rock and
pop to traditional and Latin music. Each wk1000 Style features 4 Variations, 4 Intros, 4 Fills and 4 Endings.
REALTIME SECTIONS
The Styles provide automatic accompaniments that are based on the
chord played on the keyboard: the accompaniment patterns change
to suit the current chord. Each Style consists of 8 tracks: the first 5 are
engaged by the sequencer for the auto accompaniments, and the
remaining 3 belong to the real time keyboard sections. The 5 accompaniment tracks are divided as follows: track 1 Drums (drum sets),
track 2 BASS, tracks 3, 4 and 5 correspond to ACC1, ACC2, ACC3
respectively (accompaniments 1, 2 and 3).
Upper 1
Upper 2
Lower
Split Point
Style tracks
wk1000 contains 96 permanent ROM Styles in the machine memory
and can store additional 8 USER Styles to load from disk in the RAM
memory. The Styles are arranged in groups of 8, as shown in the
Style table on the top of the instrument panel (STYLE/SONG).
BASS
DRUM
ACC1
ACC2
ACC3
SELECTING A STYLE
1 Press the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY button, the corresponding display indicator turns on
Enabling the S.T.PLAY function, the Style you select will always be
recalled from ROM memory and any operation carried out on the
panel will not be stored.
The S.T. PLAY enabling also automatically activates the ARRANGE
ON/ OFF and ARRANGE MEMORY functions (in the ARRANGER
panel section - the ARR. MEM display indicator also turns on).
2 Input the number of the desired STYLE on the left hand selection
keypad. wk1000 sets the Style mode automatically.
Page24
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
0
+
+100
Styles
PERFORMANCE
PAGE
owners manual
PAGE
STYLE
MENU
tracks,
SOUND check
3 If you wish to change the Sound assigned to one or morePERFORMANCE
first the PERF menu funcion IS NOT selected
and the S.T. PLAY
function
STYLE / SONG
CURSOR
ARR. MODE / SPLIT
is OFF, then press the corresponding function key (F1/F9) toHARMONY
enable the
REVERB / CHORUS
MIDI / GENERAL
track, that will start blinking in the display.
dim6
119
513
TRANSPOSE
MEASURE
METRONOME
ACC. 2
ACC. 3
TEMPO
mM7 aug sus 4
DRUMS
BASS
SOUND
wk1000
ACC. 1
CHORD
REC
LOWER
REC
UPPER 2
REC
UPPER 1
05
When the track binks in the display the sound can be changed using the
keypad
Using the TEMPO/DATA buttons it’s possible to modify the track volume
level.
4 Press START / STOP to start the Style
This operation may be also performed while a Style is playing. In this case
the new Style selected will start on the successive beat.
RECALLING A STYLE FROM A PERFORMANCE
Each Performance contains a Style that can be recalled at any time. Press
and hold down the STORE PERFORMANCE button for a few seconds. When
the (“?”) message appears in the display confirm with ENTER. The current panel configuration, including the active Variation and Tempo will be
stored to the Performance.Therefore it is possible to recall a Style (and the
relative Variation/Tempo) by selecting a Performance, provided that the
STYLE LOCK function is not active.
SET OFF
1 Disable STYLE LOCK if it’s ON (the display indicator to must be OFF)
2 Enter the perfomance mode pressing the PERFORMANCE RECALL button
1
The name of the first Performance in the first group and the name of the
current group (es. P11: GranPNO) will appear in the display. Each function key selects one of the 9 Performances of the selected group.
2
3
5
6
4
P11GRANPNO
7
8
9
-
0
+
PAGE
3 Use the PAGE e PAGE or the +/ – buttons in the numeric keypad to
change performance group (7 groups are available) .
Use the TEMPO/DATA buttons to control the Tempo speed. Recalling a Performance automatically disables the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY function and
restores wk1000 to the default status of the Performance. If the TEMPO
LOCK function is disabled, the Tempo is also updated.
PAGE
CURSOR
4 Press the START/STOP button to play the Style
Styles
Page25
+100
owners manual
wk1000
THE STYLE CONTROLS
In the next paragraphs are explained the style buttons and controls.
START/STOP
This button STARTS or STOPS the automatic accompaniments (Styles).
During the Style playing, the display (indicators next to the metronome
icon) shows four tempo parameters: MEASURE, METRONOME, TEMPO
SPEED, TEMPO BEAT.
MEASURE
METRONOME
TEMPO
REC
REC
REC
KEY START
This function synchronises the start of the automatic accompaniments
with a note pressed on the lower split keyboard without having to use
START/STOP (if you are not playing in Free Style mode, you can start the
accompaniment playing in the lower keyboard section).
Key Start can be disabled by:
• pressing ENDING: the Style runs freely to the end;
• pressing Key Start once again: the Style terminates.
Key Start is not disabled when:
• pressing START/STOP to interrupt the Style;
• pressing INTRO, ENDING, or FILL before starting the Style.
Key Start function can be enabled or disabled also when a Style is playing.
INTRO
Plays an introductory sequence before the style pattern playing. After
pressing INTRO (the corresponding display indicator turns on), press
START/STOP to start the Style with the Intro. INTRO can also be enabled
during the normal Style playing.
ENDING
Stops a Style accompaniment playing an ending (“coda”). The corresponding display indicator turns on when ending is selected. If you preset ENDING before Style start, it plays as an Introduction
VARIATIONS VAR 1, VAR 2, VAR 3, VAR 4
These buttons select 4 different VARIATIONS of the same Style. Each VARIATIONS represent a different level in musical richness and complexity of the style backing arrangements.
VARIATION 4
Maximum level of
complexity for all
style patterns
VARIATION 3
VARIATION 2
VARIATION 1
BASIC ACCOMPANIMENT minimum
level of complexity
for all style patterns
Before starting the accompaniment, you can decide in which Variation you wish to play. While you are
playing, you can switch from a Variation to another by simply pressing the desired Variation button. An
appropriate INTRO, a FILL and ENDING are associated to each Variation.
Page26
Styles
owners manual
wk1000
FADE IN/OUT - FILL A - FILL - FILL B FADE IN/OUT
You may wish the accompaniment to start or end with a gradual increase or decrease of the Style volume level (FADE).
Press the FADE button before the starting the accompaniment. The
Style volume gradually increase over the first measures.
Pressing the FADE button while the Style is playing, the volume of the
accompaniment will dissolve to silence, and the Style will stop automatically.
The FADE function activation is shown in the left side of the display
RECORD
PLAY
Tra ck 1-8
Track 9-16
FADE
OCTAVE
TOUCH
MELODY OFF
FILL A - FILL - FILL B
Pressing one of this buttons you add a FILL patterns to a Style.
FILL A adds the pattern and automatically select the Variation preceeding the current one.
FILL adds the pattern and does not change the current Variation.
FILL B adds the pattern and recalls the Variation following the current one.
The Fills have normally one or two measures duration. If you press and hold down the FILL buttons you will listen
to the entire Fill pattern playing continuously. You can preset a Fill pattern before starting a Style. In this case Fill
will be used as an INTRO.
TAP TEMPO (FILL B second feature)
This function sets automatically the style tempo speed.
Tap some beat on this buttons with the Style in STOP
You can set the Tempo speed and the Style will be playing with that
Tempo. The display will show the new setting.
To mark the tempo signature you have to tap on the button as many
times as the Time Signature beat is: tapping 4 times you set 4/4, three
times 3/4 and so on. A sound of drumsticks will play to mark the Tempo beat.
Styles
Page27
owners manual
wk1000
THE ARRANGER SECTION
This section contains the buttons to enable the style functions.
ARRANGER ON/OFF
Enabling ARRANGE ON/OFF is on (LED on), all the accompaniment tracks are
activated to play. If this button is OFF, only the Drum track will play after the
start.
LOWER MEMORY
Enabling the LOWER MEMORY function (the display led is ON), the notes
played in the right hand section of the keyoard will keep on playing even if the
left hand is raised. When the function is OFF, the sound in the Lower keyboard
section will end as the left hand is raised. The Lower memory function is useful
to hold “pad” sounds without using a Damper Pedal, which may be of more
use for the right-hand section of the keyboard.
BALANCE
The two balance keys for ACCOMP and KEYBOARD function are a shortcut to
balance the realtime and the arranger sections performing levels.
THE TEMPO SPEED
The Tempo speed of a Style can be changed using the TEMPO/DATA buttons
either before starting or during a Style, regardless of the TEMPO LOCK status.
(IMPORTANT: In some operating situations the same functions control other pa- Decrease
rameter. For example, TEMPO/DATA button control the volume of a blinking
track.
Increase
The current Tempo can be stored to a Performance, and be ready for new settings. To recap, it is
possible:
A To select a Style with Single Touch Play active and recall the original Style tempo from the ROM
B Recall a Performance where a user programmed Tempo was stored
C To fix a Tempo that can not be changed (using the TEMPO LOCK function).
THE TEMPO LOCK
The TEMPO LOCK function locks the current Style Tempo allowing you to recall
Styles without changing the Tempo, regardless of the status of the Single Touch
Play button. Nevertheless, it is always possible to change the Tempo in real
time using the TEMPO/DATA button. The activation of TEMPO LOCK is shown
in the display with the alternate flashing of the Tempo setting and the word
“LOC”. When TEMPO LOCK is ON, the Tempo setting remains fixed for all
subsequent Style and Performance selections. When TEMPO LOCK is OFF, the
selection of a Style or a Performance recalls the memorised Tempo setting.
SAVING TEMPO SPEED DATA IN A PERFORMANCE
Follow these instructions to save the Tempo speed data in a Performance
A Select the Performance where you wish to save the new Tempo setting
B Use the TEMPO/DATA buttons to set the new Tempo speed
C Press and hold the STORE PERFORMANCE button for a few seconds
D Press ENTER to confirm the request shown in the display [?]
The save operation can also be carried out while the Style is playing.
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owners manual
wk1000
THE SPLIT POINT
The Split corresponds to the point which divides the keyboard into two parts, left (lower) and right (upper).
The Split point can be set to any note of the keyboard, allowing you to modify the keyboard extension dedicated to the recognition of the chords that trigger the auto accompaniments. By changing the Split point,
you automatically modify the extensions of the LOWER and UPPER keyboard sections.
HOW TO SET A NEW SPLIT POINT
PAGE
1 Press the ARRANGE ON/OFF button for a few seconds. The display will show the
default split setting with a message: B3/C4.
PAGE
2 Press the CURSOR button to move to the split point selection
CURSOR
3 Press the keyboard note you wish to set as the new Split point
4 Press ESCAPE to exit
The new Split point is now set it will remain in memory even turning off the instrument.
ARRANGE MODE
The wk1000 has 4 different Chord recognition modes which trigger the automatic accompaniment in different ways: FINGERED 1, FINGERED 2, ONE FINGER and FREESTYLE.
PAGE
Press and hold down ARRANGE ON/OFF for a few seconds to get into Arrange mode: the
display will show the following messages: Arrange Mode: Fingered 1; Keyboard split.
PAGE
Use the CURSOR button to select the ARRANGER MODE you wish to modify, and the
TEMPO/DATA keys to change the selection.
CURSOR
FINGERED 1
At least three notes are needed for the chords to be recognised.
FINGERED 2
The chord will play according to the actual notes pressed. A three note chord will trigger the full accompaniment. With one or two notes, the chord will be recognised but
the notes played of the accompaniment will be limited to those actually played.
ONE FINGER
A single note played below the Split Point is recognised as the root of a major
chord.
To get a minor chord play the root and the minor third (e.g. C and Eb).
For a diminished, play the root and the diminished fifth (C + Gb above or below C).
For a seventh chord play the root and the seventh (C + Bb above or below C).
For a major 7th, play the root and the augmented seventh (C + B above or below C).
C
(maj)
C min
C dim
C7
C
maj7
FREESTYLE
This mode recognize the chord from any part of the keyboard, even if it is played by the
right hand, or played with both hands. The chord will not change unless at least three
notes are played at the same time. If one or two notes are played, the new chord is not
recognized and the accompaniment will not change. This feature makes it possible to
play on the entire extension of the keyboard with the sounds from UPPER 1 e 2 sections.
Selecting the Freestyle mode automatically disables the LOWER section
Styles
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wk1000
NOTE: The ARRANGE ON/OFF buttons, pressed and held for a few seconds, is a
shortcut to the four Arranger mode pages: FINGERED1, FINGERED2, ONE FINGER e
FREE STYLE. The new setting will be stored to the Performance and will be retained in
wk1000 memory even when the keyboard is turned off.
ARRANGE MEMORY AND BASS TO LOWEST
To have access to this function press and hold for a one second the ARRANGE ON/OFF
button, then the PAGE> button: the two functions Arrange Memory e Bass to lowest will
be shown in the display Use the CURSOR button to toggle between the two functions,
the TEMPO/DATA buttons select ON/OFF.
PAGE
ARRANGE MEMORY
With the Arrange Memory ON, the automatic accompaniment will continue playing
even if the hand playing the arrange chord is raised from the keyboard. When OFF,
if the hand is raised from the keyboard, the accompaniment is interrupted and only
Drum track will continue playing.
PAGE
CURSOR
BASS TO LOWEST
Enabling the BASS TO LOWEST ON function the current style pattern recognize and
play as chord root the real lowest note played on the keyboard. In this way it’s possible to play correctly chord inversions. When the function is OFF, the bass follows
the original Style pattern
SINGLE TOUCH PLAY - STORE PERFORMANCE - PERFORMANCE RECALL - STYLE/TEMPO LOCK
Single Touch Play
The SINGLE TOUCH PLAY button assigns the factory set sounds stored in ROM to all the
tracks (accompaniment as well as keyboard) for each Style/ In addition, this button activates
the ARRANGE ON/OFF button (LED on) and the ARRANGE MEMORY function (corresponding
display indicator on).
*,", The ON/OFF status of the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY function is shown on the top left area in the
display.
SP
1
When SINGLE TOUCH PLAY is OFF, selecting Styles recalls only the Style accompaniment
sections without changing the keyboard sounds.
With SINGLE TOUCH PLAY on, the function buttons (F1/F9) also recall 9 SINGLE TOUCH PLAY
panel settings for the Real Time keyboard sections.
-"1 *,", -/9ÊÉÊ-" ,,°Ê"ÊÉÊ-*/
," 9
,6,ÊÉÊ
",1ÊÉÊ ,
,
",
*9
/À> VŽ Ê£‡n
/À>VŽ ʙ‡£È
"
/6
/"1
"9Ê"
Each ROM Style is associated to 9 different possibilities, for a total of 864 situations, in addition
to the 96 basic configurations (one for each Style).
STORE PERFORMANCE/PERFORMANCE RECALL
Changes made to the selected Performance can be saved through this function button. As explained in the
previous chapter, Performances contains various parameters which can be changed by the user.
If you hold down the STORE PERFORMANCE for a few seconds then reply to the Performance store
confirmation request [?] with ENTER, all the changes made are saved to the Performance. If you do
not wish to cancel the previous Performance, do not confirm with ENTER, but move to the free location
where you wish the new Performance to be stored using the TEMPO/DATA button. Only now, confirm
with ENTER. The Performance number appears in the 3 digit display area only after activating the STORE
PERFORMANCE function. The PERFORMANCE RECALL/STORE PERFORMANCE button can also be used
as a shortcut to get to Performance mode more quickly: if you press the PERFORMANCE RECALL / STORE
PERFORMANCE button, the cursor arrowhead will immediately move to the “PERFORMANCE” mode in
the display.
Page30
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Styles
,
owners manual
wk1000
STYLE/TEMPO LOCK
*,", -/9
The STYLE LOCK function allows you to select Performances without changing the current Style. When STYLE LOCK is active (the display indicator is ON), you can move from
1 the Style. If you hold down this button for
one Performance to another without changing
-"1 *,", activates
about 2 seconds, the TEMPO LOCK function
(as already explained). The status
-/9ÊÉÊ-" ,,°Ê"ÊÉÊ-*/
of the TEMPO LOCK function is displayed
by
the
alternate
flashing of the Tempo set," 9
ting with the word ‘LOC’. This function,6,ÊÉÊ
",1maintains
the
current
Tempo setting for all Style
ÊÉÊ ,
and Performance changes. When OFF, selecting a Style or Performance also recalls the
original tempo setting.
-"1 Ê`ˆÃŽ
Ê`ˆÃŽ
," 9
,,°°
"7°°
-/9Ê"
£
Î
Ó
{
"
1**,Ê£
1**,ÊÓ
"7,
-
"
-6
1//9
TEMPO LOCK and STYLE LOCK functions can both be active at the same time.
METRONOME
This button starts the Metronome click in Play and Record modes. When active, the Metronome icon is shown in the display.
METRONOME
TEMPO
REC
REC
SUSTAIN
Active (led ON), non active (led OFF) This is a general control which activates the sustain
effect on the three Real Time keyboard sections, independent of the Damper pedal. If
you want to sustain the Sounds of the UPPER 1, UPPER 2 and LOWER sections, activate
this function.
HARMONY
Enables or disables the HARMONY function, a feature which can orchestrate your playing, making simple one-note melodies sound as if they are being played by a full orchestra. The corresponding display indicator turns on when HARMONY is active. The
structure of the automatic harmony is based on the current Harmony Type setting and
only operates when the keyboard is split.
By holding down the HARMONY button for about 2 seconds, the display shows the currently selected Harmony Type.
The PAGE buttons select the Harmony type. The types of Harmony available are divided
into two categories, according to whether the Harmony depends on the notes played
with the left hand or not. Harmony types that depend on the notes played below the
split point
Closed
The notes played on the left hand are added to the melody note exactly as played. The
harmonising chord is a closed (or tight) position (notes fall within the same octave).
Open 1
Same as close but with an open chord (notes spreadover 2 octaves).
Open 2
Similar to Open 1 but with the notes played on the left hand randomly assigned to the right.
Block
Transforms the melody note into a full four or five note chord, each note in perfect harmony.
PAGE
PAGE
CURSOR
Harmony types that do not depend on the notes played below the split point
Octave 1
doubles the note of the right hand by playing an octave higher. No left hand chord are
required.
Oscar :
Doubles the note of the right hand with a note two octaves below. No left hand chord required.
This structure is based on the harmony typically used by the jazz musician Oscar Peterson.
Jazz
Adds two notes above the note played by the right hand, at intervals of a fourth and a minor
seventh. No left hand chord required. Rock : creates a three note chord consisting of the melody
note, a fifth interval and an octave interval (e.g. C-G-C.). No left hand chord required
Rock:
Creates a three note chord consisting of the melody note, a fifth interval and an octave interval
(e.g. C-G-C’). No left hand chord required.
Styles
Page31
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wk1000
REV/CHO
WK1 can process the sounds thanks to two built-in multieffect devices that affect the
sections independently. It is possible to set the effect processor to active (Led ON) or non
active (Led OFF) mode.
To modify Reverb or the Chorus and their Send, keep the REV/CHO key pressed for at
least one second. The parameter that can be modified starts blinking.
The Multieffect page will appear on the LCD display.
PAGE
REV:HALL 2
CHO:CHO2 2
Use the CURSOR key to move among the various parameters. When each effect
is displayed, the relative general volume is indicated.
CURSOR
Use the TEMPO/DATA buttons to modify the effects.
Page32
VOL=100
VOL=100
PAGE
Styles
owners manual
wk1000
DISK
The floppy disks provides you the possibility to create an extensive library of Sounds, Samples, Performances, Styles, Songs e Song Styles, that can be loaded to wk1000 RAM at any time. This chapter is an
introduction to the concepts of File, Floppy Disks and RAM memory. You will learn about the main access
functions to a Disk and how to load and save Songs, Styles, Performances, Samples, MIDI Files and all the
other formats that are compatible with wk1000.
FLOPPY DISK RECOGNIZED FORMATS
wk1000 accepts 3,5” HD and DD floppy disks. These are the most commonly used types and can be purchased at any computer shops.
wk1000 can read files in GMX, WK, PK, MIDI FILE, MS-DOS, Generalmusic CD series formats.
wk1000 cannot read Songs, Styles and Samples in formats of non- Generalmusic instruments. The exclusive format of musical instruments adopted by a manufacturer is proprietary and not compatible with the
format of instruments of other makes. To exchange Songs with other instruments it is necessary to save the
Song as a MidiFile to a MS-DOS formatted disk.
The Files Data are stored on disks in the form of files. Files identify Songs, Song Styles, Performances, Styles
or Samples.
FILE TYPES AND EXTENSIONS
The types of file used when working with a disk are identified by a name (which appears in the 8- digit display area) and an extension (shown in the 3-digit display area) which specifies the type of file. In file types
that include SONGS in PK, WK, STYLES and ALL formats, the extension is not displayed. The extensions of
all other recognized file types are listed in the paragraph explaining the LOAD functions.
ACCESS TO DISK
Any operation involving files can be effected using the functions given in the DISK mode
pages, through the FLOPPY DISK function button.
The main functions are divided into 4 groups:
1
LOAD
Load data to RAM from a Floppy Disk
2
SAVE
Saves RAM data to a Floppy Disk
3
DELETE
Cancels single Files from a Floppy Disk
4
FORMAT Formatting procedure and cancellation of the contents of a Floppy
Disk.
PAGE
The display shows when Floppy Disk mode is active: if a Floppy Disk containing MidiFiles or Songs is inserted and the FLOPPY DISK key is pressed, DIRECT page e shown.
Use the PAGE buttons, and the CURSOR to move around a page.
Press ESCAPE to exit DISK mode.
PAGE
CURSOR
NOTE. Once the DISK has been pressed to execute a LOAD or SAVE command, as soon as the Disk
Drive completes the operation the display is automatically restored to DIRECT mode, that is the first
page of the Disk page. Press ESCAPE to exit.
NOTE A led turns ON while the Disk Drive operation is in progress. Do not extract the Floppy Disk
during this time otherwise the data could be damaged or lost
the disk
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WHAT IS A MIDI FILE?
MIDI means Musical Instruments Digital Interface. A Standard MIDI File (SMF) is a format created to maintain data compatibility among different devices complying to the SMF format. This format allows Songs to
be exchanged between different instruments and computers. If a Song is saved as a Midifile on a MS-DOS
disk, most computers or musical instruments will be able to load and read that Song. wk1000 reads format
0 e 1 MIDIFiles, and saves MIDI file in 0 format.
GENERAL MIDI (GM)
To further improve the compatibility between instruments of different makes, the MIDI file should conform
to the General MIDI standard. The General MIDI standard establishes common standards for the sound
listing, the Program Change numbers for sound selection, the configuration in the Drumkits, the assignment of MIDI channel 10 to the drumkit track, a minimum polyphony (24) and a maximum number of
tracks (16). In wk1000 the Sound Bank 1 and the Drumkit Bank 2, are fully compatible to the General MIDI
standard. wk1000 recognizes a MIDI file in General MIDI standard by the messages it contains (General
MIDI ON). In case this message is not detected, sounds different from Drumkit could be assigned to MIDI
10 channel. Per essere sicuri di caricare correttamente un MIDI file compatibile GM, che non contiene il
“General MIDI ON”, impostare ad ON il parametro General MIDI contenuto in “Edit MIDI” . wk1000 salva
MIDI file compatibili GM quando il parametro General MIDI è impostato ON.
GMX FORMAT
GMX format is an extension of the General MIDI specifically by Generalmusic that makes the first three
sound banks of all WK instruments compatible with each other.
LOADING SONGS AND MIDIFILES
Up to 7 locations (111-117) are available in the RAM to load Songs and MidiFiles. To select a location,
move the left cursor arrowhead to the SONG menu function and digit the corresponding number in the
left numeric keypad.
NOTE: the Songs can also be selected by dialing the corresponding number (111-117) on the keypad,
wk1000 can load songs in the CD, WK3 e PK7 formats.
LOADING STYLES
Up to 8 locations (96-103) are available in the wk1000 RAM memory to load Styles. wk1000 can load
Styles in the CD, WK3 e PK7 formats.
LOADING PERFORMANCES
Up to 63 RAM locations are available to load Performances. The locations are divided
in7 groups, each featuring 9 Performances. Use the PAGE or the + / – buttons in the
numeric keypad and ensure that the arrowhead is pointing to the PERF menu function.
1
2
4
5 PAGE 6
7
The wk1000 can also load Performances saved from the WK3 and the PK7.
-
PAGE
3
8
9
0
+
CURSOR
LOADING SAMPLES
The samples are loaded directly to the battery-backed Sample RAM, using the LOAD ALL Disk function.
wk1000 can also load Samples from WK3 and PK7 series.
LOADING SONG STYLES
wk1000 Song Styles can only be loaded to the memory using the LOAD ALL Disk procedure, since this
format contains files of different types; wk1000 only loads wk1000 Song Styles.
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wk1000
LOAD OPERATIONS
Data from Floppy disk can be loaded into wk1000 RAM memory in different ways:
1 As a single element (Load Song, Load Style Style, Load MidiFile)
2 As a set of files from a Group (Load Styles, Load Performance Groups, Load Samples)
3 As ALL DISK then all the data contained in the disk previously saved in ALL Disk mode.
WK and PK songs, as well as MidiFiles, can be e executed directly from the floppy disk.
HOW TO LOAD
1 Insert a Floppy Disk into the disk drive and press the FLOPPY DISK button. The DISK
icon and the name of the first file contained in the Floppy Disk will appear in the
display.
PAGE
2 Press PAGE to select the LOAD page
PAGE
3 Select the desired file using the TEMPO/DATA buttons, press ENTER to confirm
CURSOR
WK starts loading the selected file in the first available memory location
N.B. If you press the FLOPPY DISK key, select the Song and then press START/STOP or PLAY/STOP, the Song
will play in Direct from Disk mode. (See also the relative notes in the “Getting Started” chapter.
RECOGNIZING A FILE FROM ITS EXTENSION
Most of the wk1000 compatible files are recognized from their extension, with the exception of: wk/pk
Songs, STYLES and ALL files.
MIDIFILES and single STYLES will respectively appear as Mid e U01-U08 in the display.
The extension for SAMPLES and PERFORMANCES, will be shown in the display.
No extension is shown for Songs in WK and PK format.
NOTE: the wk1000 is not compatible with the wk3 and pk7 SONG STYLE files.
The following files are available in the disk: SONG, MIDIFILE, STYLE, PERFORMANCE and SAMPLE.
• If you wish to load ALL STYLES as a Group, press the DISK key, and then press the CURSOR button. The “ALLSTYLES” indication starts blinking in the display. Press ENTER to start loading.
• If you wish to load all files together, press the CURSOR key once again. The “ALL.DISK” indication
will blink in the display. Press ENTER to start loading.
• To Play the Songs loaded in the memory, digit the number corresponding to the selected Song
(111-117) in the numeric keypad. Then press PLAY/STOP to start the execution.
• To play a User Style from the memory, press the STYLE button (the LED must be ON) and select
the desired Style (96-103), by entering the relative number in the numeric keypad. Press SINGLE
TOUCH PLAY and start playing the Style.
the disk
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wk1000
SAVE OPERATIONS
Although the data are retained in the RAM memory even when the instrument is turned off, it is advisable
to save a copy of your data to a Floppy Disk. RAM is best used as a dynamic work area and not as a data
storage device.
wk1000 can save data in a Floppy Disk in the following ways:
1 As a single element (Song, Style, MidiFile)
2 As a set of files from a Group (AllStyles , Performances, SMP)
3 As an ALL operation, saving all the data kept in the RAM memory
To save a file as a single element, you can either use the same name, or rename the file. No name is requested to save a Performance, a Style or an ALL format file.
THE SAVE PROCEDURE
1 Get a formatted disk and insert it in the drive. If the disk is write-protected, remove
the protection.
PAGE
2 Press ss the FLOPPY DISK button and move to the SAVE page using the PAGE +
button.
2
PAGE
The first page of the SONG mode is shown in the display.
3
CURSOR
3 Press the CURSOR buttons to select the file format you wish to save (SONG, SMF,
PERFORM, STY, ALLSTY, SMP, ALLDISK)
4 Once you have selected the desired mode (e.g: SONG), PRESS ENTER
4
The name of the first Song contained in the RAM memory appears in the display.
5 Select the Song you wish to save with the TEMPO/DATA buttons
5
6 Press ENTER to confirm the selected Song.
6
The following message appears in the display : [SAVE: + filename)], the file is ready
to be saved to the floppy disk.
At this point it is possible RENAME the song file using the keyboard keys or leave the
same name and OVERWRITE the existing file.
7 Press ENTER
7
The [OK, ready to save [ENT]?] message appears in the display. In case the Floppy
Disk already contains a file by the same name, the message [OVERWRT?] will be
displayed.
8
8 Press ENTER again to confirm, the file is now saved
WARNING!
If the disk drive contains an unformatted Floppy Disk, pressing SAVE prompts the message : UNFORMAT.
If the disk is write-protected the message is: DISK PROTECTED
If the disk is damaged, the message is: DISK CORRUPTED
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wk1000
SAVING MIDI FILES
If you wish that your Songs to be played by other instruments or by a computer, you have to save them as
MIDI File to a MS-DOS (MidiFile format 0).
To save a General MIDI (GM) compatible MIDI File set the General MIDI parameter to ON (refer to the
“MIDI/GENERAL” section of the Owners Manual). The Performance parameters in all tracsk will be converted into the correspondent MIDI controls (Bank select MSB e LSB, Program Change, Volume, Pan, Control
change 91 and 93 for the Effects).
If the Song contains Lyrics, it will be converted into a Lyric format event and the generated file will be a
MidiFile with text (Karaoke).
All wk1000 Songs saved as a MidiFile are always compatible with the GMX format. Consequently they are
compatible with all instruments of the WK series which feature a Disk Drive.
SAVING SONG STYLES
The SONG STYLES can be saved to a Floppy Disk using the “ Save All ” procedure. In fact this type of file
involves different sections of the instrument.
SONG STYLES cannot be saved as a Midi File.
DELETE FILE
The DELETE function is used to delete a file from the Floppy Disk.
1 Get a formatted disk and insert it in the drive. If the disk is write-protected, remove
the protection.
2 Press ss the FLOPPY DISK button and move to the DELETE page using the PAGE +
button.
PAGE
PAGE
3 Select the Song you wish to delete with the TEMPO/DATA buttons
CURSOR
4 Press ENTER twice
The selected file has been deleted and is no longer in the Floppy Disk.
FORMATTING A FLOPPY DISK
wk1000 will not read data from a Floppy Disk which is not in a recognized format. Using a disk in a noncompatible format will prompt a message that requests to abandon the current Floppy Disk and try with a
new one. Two formatting procedures are possible.
FORMAT 720 KB
This procedure formats a 3.5” DD Floppy Disk in MS-DOS/Atari ST formats (capacity:720 kilobytes).
FORMAT 1,44 MB
This procedure formats a 3.5” HD Floppy Disk for wk1000 use with 1,44 MB capacity. Such format is fully
compatible with MS-DOS and allows the exchange of files between instruments of the WK and PK series and
computers (Windows, Macintosh).
THE FORMATTING PROCEDURE
This function is available in the third page of DISK mode. If you are reformatting a used disk, remember
that all data stored in the disk will be cancelled.
1 Press ss the FLOPPY DISK button and move to the FORMAT page using the PAGE +
button.
PAGE
PAGE
2 Use the CURSOR buttons to choose between 1.44 MB and 720 KB formats
CURSOR
3 Press ENTER twice to start format the Floppy Disk
the disk
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owners manual
wk1000
GENERAL DISK-HANDLING TIPS
If this is the first time you use a Floppy Disk and do not feel comfortable about handling such delicate magnetic aids, read this section very carefully.
INSERTING A FLOPPY DISK INTO THE DRIVE
Floppy Disks are inserted in the disk drive with the lablel side up, and the metallic shutter first in. Push the disk
smoothly and firmly until it clicks into place. Hold the disk straight and avoid forcing it in while inserting.
EJECTING A FLOPPY DISK
Before ejecting a Floppy Disk, make sure that the operation led in the drive is OFF, and that wk1000 display shows
no disk operation being in progress. To extract the Disk, press the eject b button utton and remove the disk.
DISK PROTECTION
Floppy disks feature a protection tab that safeguard valuable data and prevent accidental cancellation. To remove
the protection and be able to write on the disk, slide the plastic tab upwards, closing the hole. To protect the Floppy
Disk so that it is not possible to erase or overwrite the contents, slide the plastic tab downwards, opening the hole.
You can use a pen or a pointed object to slide the tab.
HANDLING FLOPPY DISKS
Floppy Disks should be handled with great care, to prevent damage or loss of data.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Never open the metal protection shutter or touch the soft surface of the Floppy Disk.
Never leave a Floppy Disk inside wk1000 disk drive when you carry the keyboard around. Vibrations may
cause the drive head to scratch the disk and make it useless.
Never place Floppy Disks in proximity of TV sets, computer monitors, amplifier, loudspeakers, power
transformers or other device which is a potential source of magnetic field. The disk contents could be
seriously damaged or lost.
Never leave the disks in extremely warm or cold places. Do not expose them to direct sunlight. Protect
them from dust or dirt.
Do not place objects on top of a Floppy Disk.
Always return a Floppy Disk in a protective case after use.
BACK-UP COPIES
It is advisable to keep a back-up copy of the more valuable Floppy Disks. The back-up copies should be stored
in safe places, as they are of extreme importance in case the data contained either in the instrument or in other
Floppy Disks get lost or damaged. To transfer data from a Floppy Disk to another it is necessary to go through
the instrument RAM memory. The contents of the source Floppy Disk (the one containing the data you want to
back-up) should be first loaded to wk1000 RAM memory, then saved to the destination Floppy Disk (the one you
will keep as a back-up copy)
CLEANING THE DISK DRIVE HEAD
After the instrument has been used for a long period of time, the disk drive head may become dirty, and cause
frequent disk load and disk save errors. To proceed to head cleaning, make sure you will use a good-quality
fluidtype head cleaning kit for 3.5” double-sided disk drive. Do not use a cleaning kit intended for old singlesided disk drives.
1. Moisten the cleaning disk with the fluid product.
2. Insert the cleaning disk into the drive.
3. Execute a loading procedure. An error message will appear. It must
appear, as this is perfectly normal.
4. After about 10 seconds, extract the disk.
WARNING!: Wait at least 5 minutes before using the drive again.
PRECAUTIONS TO OBSERVE WHEN USING wk1000 DISKS WITH A COMPUTER
As occurs with MS-DOS operating system, wk1000 uses up to 8-character filenames, and a 3-character extension. Macintosh, OS/2 and Windows operating systems may use longer names. When a
file is named, or renamed on these computers, the following rules should be followed:
1. Never change the file extension, since it identifies the type of file and the relative structure.
2. Never use names longer than 8 characters. Furthermore, owing to some limitations of MS-DOS and Atari
systems, it is extremely important to observe the following precautions:
1. Do not insert spaces within a file name (e.g.: “MY FILE”). MS-DOS does not recognize file names containing
spaces. To keep a file name divided into two distincted parts, you can separate the two parts with an “underscore” symbol (e.g.: “MY_FILE”).
3. Do not assign the same name to two different files, even though one is written all in Capitals and the other
with small letters (e.g. “MYFILE” and “myfile”). MS-DOS and Atari do not distinguish between capital and
small (or uppercase and lowercase) letters.
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owners manual
wk1000
THE SONGS
WHAT IS A SONG?
A Song is a multitrack recording of several instrumental parts, each of them corresponding to a track.
Songs can be loaded from disk in the following formats:GMX, WK, PK, CD and Standard MIDI File
(SMF 0 and 1). Tracks contain “MIDI events” that correspond to as many MIDI messages. The MIDI
messages can be Note, Pitch Bend, Program Change messages, and a series of Control Change
messages to control the change of Sound Bank for the Sounds, the Sustain or Volume pedals, the Pan
and several other values. The MIDI events recorded in the tracks are not actual sounds, but messages
exchanged with wk1000 internal sound generators or with and external expander that wk1000 controls. A song is a series of MIDI events distributed over each track.
THE SONG PERFORMANCE
Each wk1000 Song is associated to a single Song Performance. When a Song is loaded or saved in
MIDI File format, all values that the Song Performance contains are converted, into the corresponding MIDI messages (Program Change, Pan, Volume, Effects) within each track.
Note:When a Song is loaded to the internal memory, it will engage a location.The next song loaded will occupy
the subsequent location and so on, with a cyclic course. For example, in case location 111 is already engaged,
the next song loaded will engage location 112 etc.
SELECTING A SONG
wk1000 can save up to 7 Songs in the SONG group of the USER section (from 111 to 117, if the
memory locations are not all in use).
HOW TO SELECT A SONG
Refer to the DISK chapter for songs loading instructions (Songs or MIDI Files).
1
Input with the keypad the number corresponding to the desired song (111-117)
4
2
3
5
6
7
8
9
-
0
+
E.g.: to select the Song from location 111, Press the “ +100 ” button and then input
1 and 7
The left cursor arrowhead will automatically move to the STYLE/SONG menu function.
2
+100
1
3
SONG PLAYBACK
If you select a Song from the memory, proceed as follows to play it:
1 Once a song is selected press the PLAY/STOP to start the playback
While the song is played, the display indicator will show the Tempo and the measure counter in the display will show the current Song position.
MEASURE
METRONOME
TEMPO
2 Use the TEMPO/DATA buttons to change the TEMPO speed data
3 Press the PLAY/STOP button to stop the song playback
The BAR and BEAT where the Song stops is shown in the display counter
4 Press KEY START/CONTINUE to resume the playback from the point where it has
been stopped
5 Press the STOP and then the PLAY key to restart the playback from the beginning
If you wish to playback your Song direcly without loading it to wk1000 internal
memory, seek for it in the Floppy Disk and play START/STOP to start it. Refer to the
“DISK” chapter for the detailed instructions.
the song
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CANCELLING A SONG (THE CLEAR FUNCTION)
This function allows you can delete Song or MIDI File by selecting the Song number (111 - 117) and following the instructions about the CLEAR function given in the “SONG STYLE” chapter. You can choose whether
to cancel the entire file (ALL), the tempo (TEMPO), the Common track (COMMON), any of the 16 tracks selectable with the TEMPO/DATA keys. To perform this application, move to the desired mode, then proceed
to CLEAR by pressing the RECORD buttons in the Sequencer and confirming with ENTER.
*,", MELODY OFF
The MELODY OFF keys is plays the Song back excluding the melody. This is
particularly useful if you wish to sing along with the backing or to play the
melody in real time on the keyboard. The status of this function is shown in
the leftmost indicator in the display.
1
-"1 *,", -/9ÊÉÊ-" ,,°Ê"ÊÉÊ-*/
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,
",
*9
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/À>VŽ ʙ‡£È
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PLAY ALL SONGS
Use this function to listen to all songs contained in the Floppy Disk without loading in
the instrument memory. Once you have inserted a Floppy Disk into the Disk Drive, press
PLAY ALL SONGS to start the playback
TO PLAY A SONG TRACK IN REALTIME
Most of the Songs loaded from a Floppy Disk will have all tracks engaged by the Sequencer. You can check
about this immediately by observing the display: if all tracks are active, including tracks from 9 to 6 (use
the F9 function key to toggle between the two group of tracks), you will see that no track is free to play
along with the Song in Real Time. If one or more tracks are off, it means that they are not engaged by the
Sequencer. If you wish to play along with the Song in Real Time, you can either:
A DISENGAGE ONE OF THE TRACKS USED BY THE SEQUENCER
B ENABLE ONE TRACKS NOT USED BY THE SONG
ASSIGN ANY OF THE SEQUENCER TRACKS TO THE REALTIME CONTROL
1 Select a Song and press PLAY/STOP to start playing
Check how many tracks are controlled by the sequencer.
DRUMS
BASS
ACC. 1
ACC. 2
ACC. 3
CHORD
2 Select with the function buttons 1-9 any of the active track
The volume bargraphs will start blinking, indicating that the track is now
active.
NOTE: When the volume of a track is set to MIN, the display will always
show one Volume bar.
3 Press again the Function button corresponding to the active track. The
number relative to the sound of the selected track is turned off. The
track stops playing.
ACC. 3
4 Press the same key once again
The track indication starts blinking. The relative track is no longer engaged
by the sequencer: it is now possible to play in Real Time during the Song.
5 Play on the keyboard
The sound assigned to the sequencer track is now controlled directly by
the keyboard. Now you can play in Real Time during the Song
ACC. 3
6 Press the same key once again
The track indication is turned on steadily: it has now been reassigned to
the Sequencer.
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LOWER
UPPER 2
UPPER 1
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ENABLE TO THE REALTIME CONTROL ANY OF TRACKS NOT USED BY THE SONG
ACC. 3
1 Press twice one of the function button relative to a non active track. The track
starts blinking
2 Play on the keyboard. The sound currently assigned to the active track is now
controlled by hte keyboard.
3 Press the same key once again. The track is turned off and is no longer active
DISPLAYING LYRICS
If your Song or MIDI File contain the Lyrics track (the text of the song), you can have them displayed both
to on an external monitor, and to wk1000 display. In this way you will be ready to sing in Karoke style. If
you wish to do so on the display, proceed as follows:
Select the song (or MIDI file) and press the START/STOP button to start the
playback
Press the LYRICS button to enable the Karaoke function (led ON)
The display will show the lyrics in the first two rows. If you wish the Lyrics to be displayed by o an external
monitor, or by a domestic TV set, follow the instructions below very carefully.
1 Connect the RGB cable supplied with the keyboard to the TV SCART connection, wk1000 is set by default to communicate with European PAL Standard video device. To communicate with American NTSC
standard, it is necessary to set the VIDEO SELECT MODE in the MIDI/GENERAL mode to NTSC .
If your TV-set features a S-VHS connection, use the S-VHS connector (not supplied) with wk1000.
Please Refer to the “MIDI/GENERAL” chapter, or to the “Connections” paragraph in Chapter 2 for
more details.
2 Scroll to page 3 in the MIDI/GENERAL section and set the “TEXT LYRICS” function to ON using the
TEMPO/DATA keys.
3 Turn the TV to the AV channel
Please refer to the instruction booklet of your TV set to select AV channel. If you are using an external
monitor, it should normally be set to AV channel.
4 Select the desired Song (da 111 a 117)
5 Press the PLAY/STOP key to start the selected Song
the song
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wk1000
SONG STYLES
A Song Style is an 8-track Song created by recording a Style (Rom or User) with the keyboard tracks (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower). Song Styles capture the chords that trigger the Style accompaniment patterns on
a “Chords track” and you can choose to record one or more keyboard tracks according to your requirements. During the recording, you can exploit the Intro, Fill and Ending patterns and change Style at will. In
practice, what you normally do in real time with a Style is captured by the sequencer in Song Style Record
mode to create a Song Style.
Up to 8 tracks are engaged by the Sequencer to record a Song Style: 5 associated to the accompaniment
patterns (Drum, Bass, Acc3, Acc2, Acc1) and 3 to the keyboard tracks (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower). Only Song
Styles in wk1000 format only can be loaded to the RAM using the “Load All Disk”. Song Styles are similar
to Songs in several of their aspects, except that they do not contain a Lyrics track.
SONG STYLE PERFORMANCE
Each Song Style is associated to a single Song Style Performance which contains all the parameters and settings for a Song Style. This simplifies Song Style recording, because all the information necessary to record
and playback are housed in the Song Style Performance without having to set parameters while recording.
When you record a Song Style, it is best to programme the associated Song Style Performance beforehand.
A Song Style cannot be saved as a MIDI file, only as an ALL data package.
SONG STYLE SELECTION
wk1000 can store up to 7 Song Styles in the locations numbered from 104 to 110 in the USER section.
SELECTING A SONG STYLE
Refer to the DISK chapter for explanations regarding how to load Song Styles to wk1000 memory from disk,
then proceed as follows:
1 Make sure that one or more Song Styles are loaded. Then digit the number
corresponding to the desired Song Style on the left hand selection keypad
1
2
3
4
5
6
The left display arrowhead moves automatically next to the SONG menu
function.
7
8
9
-
0
+
2 Use the PLAY/STOP key to start the SONG STYLE
3 Press the STOP key to stop the SONG STYLE at any time
+100
*,", 1
-"1 *,", -/9ÊÉÊ-" ,,°Ê"ÊÉÊ-*/
," 9
,6,ÊÉÊ
",1ÊÉÊ ,
N.B. Pressing the START/STOP button starts the last selected Style, while
the PLAY/STOP button starts the last selected Song, or has no effect is the
relative location is empty
PLAY A SONG STYLE IN REAL TIME
In almost all cases, the Song Styles will have all tracks engaged by the sequencer. You can check this at a
glance by looking at the status of the tracks in the display. If they are all on, this means that they are all
used by the sequencer.
If one or more tracks are OFF, this indicates that they are not engaged by the sequencer. If you want to play
along with the Song Style during playback with one of the keyboard tracks, you can either:
• A) deactivate one of the Real Time tracks used by the Sequencer.
• B) engage one of the Real Time tracks not used by the Song Style.
N.B. The accompaniment tracks can only be disabled. Refer to the “SONG” chapter for the instructions
referred to the above operations. When a Song Style is in Play mode, access is possible to UPPER1, UPPER2 and LOWER sections with the relative keys and with the F7, F8, F9 function keys.
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RECORDING A SONG STYLE
Styles offer an excellent means of preparing backings for a soloist. For example, you can record two keyboard tracks (Upper 2 & Lower) with accompaniments, then use Upper 1 to play the melody in real time
with the Song Style in playback Song Styles record all panel interventions made while recording: changes
of Style, use of the Intro, Fills, Endings, Fade In/Out, activation/deactivation of the effects, Harmony On/
Off and more. The events generated by the panel interventions are recorded in the COMMON track. COMMON and CHORDS tracks activate automatically when you enter SONG STYLE RECORD mode. Before
recording a Song Style, it is advisable to completely clear the sequencer memory in order to use the total
RAM capacity and avoid undesired parts when saving a Song Style. In fact, the Song Style is saved as an
ALL data set, therefore, whatever is contained in RAM will also form part of the Song Style.
To clear all data from the Sequencer, move with the CURSOR key to MIDI/GENERAL mode. Use the PAGE
keys until the message “InitALL” appears in the display. You can now rotate the dial to choose whether to
clear all the instrument (ALL), the Sequencer (SEQ), the Sample memory (SMP) or the Performances (PFM);
select the “InitSEQ” option (if you select “InitALL” Performances and Samples will be erased), then press
ENTER twice: wk1000 is now ready to record Song Styles.
ENTER THE SONG STYLE RECORDING MODE
Press the RECORD button, the first SONG STYLE free location is made available.
Press PLAY/STOP, to start the recording.
1
2
Play the keyboard
While you play, wk1000 records the panel status and all the operations that you carry out. The CHORD
track is automatically activated only if empty. The keyboard tracks are recorded only if their relative indicators are shown on in the display. You can decide whether to start with a free Intro, with no Style, or with an
automatic accompaniment straightaway.
1 Press INTRO (if you wish to start with an INTRO). You alternatively use, Intro,
Fills or Ending.
2 Press START/STOP to start the accompaniment
Continue as if you were using a normal Style you can: use Fills, change the
Variation, change the Style, adjust the Volume, use the optional Volume and
Damper, change the sounds etc
1
3
2
3 Press START/STOP or ENDING to stop your SONG STYLE
LISTEN TO THE SONG STYLE PLAYBACK
1 Once you have finished recording the Song Style press RECORD or ESCAPE to
exit the recording mode
2 Press PLAY/STOP to start the Song Style
3 If a keyboard track is not engaged by the sequencer, you can use it to play
along with the Song Style
the song
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wk1000
CLEAR SONG STYLE (USER SONG STYLE)
It is possible to delete some recorded element using the CLEAR function in Record mode.
Press and hold the Record key for a few seconds to go to CLEAR function.
Use the PAGE buttons to select the section you wish to delete.
PAGE
1 ALL
Clears all the recorded events of the current SONG STYLE but not the last Performance programmed. In pratice, only the recorded sequences are cancelled
from the last recorded Song Style.
2 CHORD
PAGE
CURSOR
The CHORD indication in the display starts blinking to signal that the track is
empty and ready for a new recording. CHORD can be used only the first time.
If you wish to record the Chord track again to cancel recording errors you must
clear the entire track with Clear CHORD.
3 LOWER
Clears track 7
4 UPPER 2
5
Clears track 8
UPPER 1
Clears track 9
6 TEMPO
Cancels changes made to Tempo track
7 COMMON
The Common track contains all the recorded panel events (change of Var., Intro,
Fill, Ending etc.). Common Clear deletes all recording events
PAGE
Use the PAGE buttons to move to the section you wish to clear and press ENTER.
Press ENTER again to confirm the display message.
The SONG STYLES are retained in wk1000 memory also when the instrument is
turned OFF. It is advisable to save a copy of the favourite recordings as an ALL
format file on a Floppy Disk. to avoid unwanted lost of data.
PAGE
CURSOR
It is possible to clear data from USER SONGS and USER STYLES. If you do not like a track of a Song or a
MidiFile, you can cancel it by selecting the Song (111/117), You can choose to cancel: the entire file (ALL),
the Tempo (TEMPO), the Common track (COMMON), each of the 16 dial-selectable tracks. To perform
this operation, press and hold down the RECORD key for a few seconds, using the CURSOR e PAGE key
to reach the desired section, and proceed to CLEAR. When in User Style mode only the total clear of the
current Style location is permitted (8 locations from 96 to 103).
HOW TO ASSIGN A NAME TO A SONG STYLE
To assign a new name to your Song Style, press and hold down the STORE PERF
key for a few seconds, then follow the instructions given in the “Performance
Name” chapter.
IMPORTANT: to listen to Songs or Song Styles, the left arrowhead must be pointing to Song mode. SONG
is automatically selected every time the PLAY/STOP button is pressed.
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wk1000
THE USER STYLES
wk1000 sequencer memory can store up to 7 programmable User Styles (96/03) which can either be
loaded from disk or programmed by the user. An extensive User Style library, available on Generalmusic
Floppy Disks, offers a large selection of User Styles to choose from. Styles can be created according to two
methods. The easier of the two consists in modifying existing Styles. The second method, which may be
more complex but is sure more interesting, is programming Styles from scratch, creating every single part
of the Style (Drums, Bass, Acc.1, Acc.2, Acc.3, Variation, Intro, Fill e Ending). Use the MODE, COPY, CLEAR,
and QUANTIZE to program a Style (these keys are more frequently used in Style Playback mode, as Fills,
Tap Tempo and Fade functions). Follow the steps below to program your own Style.
RECORDING A USER STYLE
THE BASIC STRUCTURE OF A STYLE RIFF
It is important to be familiar with the basic structure of a Style. A Styles provide automatic accompaniments
based on the chords. Major, minor and 7th chords generate three very different types of accompaniment.
Each accompaniment generated by Major, minor or 7th chords, is divided into four Variations. Each Variation is divided into various parts: Basic, Intro, Fill, Ending, which compose the basic structure of each Style,
in 40 short patterns, or the RIFF.
A RIFF is a music pattern that plays cyclically. When you play with Styles you will hear brief patterns that
repeat themselves. A “basic” RIFF is the main part of a Style, repeatedly played until it is stopped, or until
it is interrupted by Fill, a Intro or an Ending. The length of a RIFF is variable between 1 measure (MIN) and
16 measures (MAX).
Style RIFFS
A
Var1
Var2
Var3
Var4
Major1 basic
Major2 basic
Major3 basic
Major4 basic
minor1 basic
minor2 basic
minor3 basic
minor4 basic
7th1 basic
7th2 basic
7th3 basic
7th 4 basic
IntroMajor1
IntroMajor2
IntroMajor3
IntroMajor4
Introminor1
Introminor2
Introminor3
Introminor4
Intro7th1
Intro7th2
Intro7th3
Intro7th4
EndMajor1
EndMajor2
EndMajor3
EndMajor4
Endminor1
Endminor2
Endminor3
Endminor4
End7th1
End7th2
End7th3
End7th4
Fill1
Fill2
Fill3
Fill4
SETTING THE USER STYLE PARAMETERS
The available options to record a new Style are described in the following example.
SELECT AN EMPTY USER STYLE LOCATION
1 Press the STYLE button (the led in the numeric keypad lights up)
2 Select any of the USER STYLE locations (96-103)
Location 96 is selected in this example. The display will show the selected
location number (“User01”). The number changes with each Style selected
(01=96, 02=97, etc.).
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
0
+
+100
3 Press and hold the RECORD button in the Sequencer section for at least 2
seconds to switch to Record mode
wk1000 sets to User Style recording mode. The Drums track (U01:DRM:Maj>) is ready to record the
“Major” RIFF. The relative Program Change number in the Drums track starts blinking in the display.
If you play on the connected keyboard, you will hear a drum sound with each note you play.
the user styles
Page45
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wk1000
SELECTING A VARIATION [OPTIONAL STEP]
The Variation currently being recorded in shown on the top left display area. You
can change the Variation by pressing the relative key.
The Variation No. 1 will be recorded in this example.
MODIFYING THE RECORDING TEMPO [OPTIONAL STEP]
Usethe TEMPO/DATA keys if you wish to select a different Tempo for your Style. The
default setting value of Tempo is 120. The Variations to the Tempo effected while
programming are not recorded. If the 120 default setting for your Tempo is too
slow, use the TEMPO/DATA buttons to select the desired speed.
SELECTING A DIFFERENT RECORDING TRACK [OPTIONAL STEP]
You may wish to start recording your Style from a different track that is not
default set one (Drums). Use the (F1/F5) Function buttons to select the desired
track among the following ones: F1 = Drums, F2 = Bass, F3 = Acc.1, F4 =
Acc.2, F5 = Acc.3. In this example, recording start from Drums track.
1
3
2
+100
5
6
4
Note: Recording from the Drums track first will set the TEMPO that will be applied to the other tracks recorded
successively.
SELECTING A DIFFERENT RIFF - [OPTIONAL]
If you prefer to record a different RIFF, use the +/- button in the keypad to select the
desired RIFF. In this example the RIFF recorded is basic Major in the Drums track.
7
8
9
-
0
+
Note: If some User Style have already been loaded to the memory, select the first available (empty) location. Alternatively, you
can disengage a location, erasing the contents with the Clear Style function, explained in detail in the relative paragraph.
SETTING THE TIME SIGNATURE, THE PITCH (KEY TRANSPOSING) AND THE BEAT NUMBER - [OPTIONAL]
To change the basic parameters, press the MODE function key. As soon as the User
Style recording mode is enables, the default settings of the automatically selected
RIFF are:
• Time signature is set to 4/4
• The Key is set to [C]
• The RIFF length is two (2) measures.
PAGE
PAGE
CHANGING THE TEMPO SIGNATURE
The Tempo counter blinks in the display. Press the CURSOR button to move the
flashing cursor and the TEMPO/DATA key to enter the desired value.
CURSOR
These are the available TIME SIGNATURE values
1/2
2/2
3/2
4/2
1/4
2/4
3/4
4/4
5/4
6/4
7/4
8/4
1/8
2/8
3/8
4/8
5/8
6/8
7/8
8/8
9/8
10/8
11/8
12/8
13/8
CHANGING THE RIFF KEY PITCH
Press the CURSOR button to move the flashing cursor and the TEMPO/DATA buttons
to select the desired key.
14/8
15/8
PAGE
16/8
PAGE
CURSOR
The indication of the current key note (“C” in our case) will start blinking in the display.
Use the TEMPO/DATA buttons to enter the desired value. The etting of this parameter keeps your Style always in tune as it automatically transposes the chords to the
selected key even when the Style is changed during the playback.
The recommended key pitch is “C” for Major chords RIFFS, “D” for minor chords
RIFFS and “G” for 7th chords RIFFS.
TO SET THE NUMBER OF BEATS IN A RIFF
Move the flashing cursor, and use the TEMPO/DATA to select the number of
beats. You can record up to 16 measures for each RIFF.
PAGE
PAGE
CURSOR
Press the ESCAPE button to return to the User Style recording mode.
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the user styles
owners manual
wk1000
RECORDING A USER STYLE
After the parameter setting we are ready to record an user Style.
1 Press the START/STOP button to start recording. One count in beat is executed.
Beware: The notes played during the count in will be not recorded. The measure counter
is active in the display and the events occurring are shown. “00” measure indicates the
empty beat.
2 Start playing after the count in beat. The Sequencer starts record.
Once the end of the RIFF is reached, the recording starts again from the first beat and all
the notes already recorded are played back. This feature is particularly useful recording
the Drums track, since it is possible to add a new instrument every time the loop restarts.
3 Once you have finished recording the first track, press the START/STOP button
to stop the recording. The DRUMS track number still blink in the display.
4 Press twice the Function button relative to the recorded track.
DRUMS
BASS
ACC. 1
ACC. 2
ACC. 3
CHORD
LOWER
UPPER 2
UPPER 1
DRUMS
BASS
ACC. 1
ACC. 2
ACC. 3
CHORD
LOWER
UPPER 2
UPPER 1
DRUMS
BASS
ACC. 1
ACC. 2
ACC. 3
CHORD
LOWER
UPPER 2
UPPER 1
In our example, press the F1 (Drums) function button twice to disengage the
Drums sound from the keyboard.
5 Select the next track you wish to record by pressing the corresponding Function button.
In our example, the next track to be recorded is the Bass track, corresponding
to F2 function key. The Drums track will be indicated in “play” mode in the
display, while the Bass track starts blinking
6 Press the START/STOP to start recording the Bass track. Drums track will start
playing while the Bass track is being recorded.
7 Start recording the BASS track
8 Once you are finished, press the START/STOP button to stop recording
9 Press the Function button corresponding to the newly recorded track twice
In our example, press F2 (BASS - F2).
1
2
3
4
5
6
Once you have finished to recording the first VARIATION, you can either:
7
8
9
To select a new RIFF (BasicMin, Basic7th, IntroMaj, IntroMin. Intro7th, Fill, etc).
Use the +/– button to select another RIFF.
-
0
+
10 You can now record some other tracks repeating the same procedure
+100
To select a new VARIATION. In this case press one of the Var. keys (led ON).
Remember: simple Variations lead to the best results. A simple Variation can be enhanced and enriched by adding new
tracks. For example, you can record Major Variation 1 on three tracks only (Drums, Bass, Acc1) and with simple patterns.
Record Variation 2 setting Major e Minor in the same tracks (Drums, Bass, Acc1), but adding small differences. Variation 4
can be recorded on 4 tracks (Drums, Bass, Acc1, Acc2) and further changes to its patterns. Variation 4 could feature Major,
Minor and 7th chords on all of the five tracks (Drums, Bass, Acc1, Acc2, Acc3) and more complex RIFFS.
NOTE: Each Variation may only contain a Fill pattern.
Once you have finished to record, press ESCAPE to exit the SEQUENCER mode.
the user styles
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wk1000
USER STYLE PLAYBACK
1 Press the START/STOP button to start the User Style
Note: If the user style you have recorded includes less then 4 Variations, ensure that the
leds corresponding to the Variations are ON. If they are not, no sound will be heard.
2 Play on the keyboard using normally your User Style
1
3
2
+100
MODIFYING A USER STYLE: Overdub, Quantize, Clear Note, Clear RIFF, Clear Tempo, Clear All Style
Various options are available to modify your User Style. You can apply changes as
soon as you have finished recording a RIFF or a Style.
1 Once finished to record a RIFF, do not exit the RECORD MODE
2 If you are not in Record mode, press the RECORD key to enable the mode,
then use the +/- buttons to select the RIFF you wish to modify. Select the
desired track by pressing the corresponding Function (F1/F5) key. Your
style can now be modified.
DRUMS
BASS
ACC. 1
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
0
+
ACC. 2
ACC. 3
CHORD
LOWER
UPPER 2
UPPER 1
The following modification options are possible:
ADDING NEW ELEMENTS (OVERDUB)
1 Set the RIFF in RECORD MODE
2 Play the notes you wish to add to the pattern. These will be added (overdub) the existing ones
3 Stop the recording and repeat the procedure in each track you wish to modify
QUANTIZE
The QUANTIZE function self-corrects timing recording errors. In other words, small possible imperfections are trimmed and corrected, and the beats are made homogeneous within a bar, according
to the fixed Quantize value
1 Select and play the RIFF you wish to correct, then press the QUANTIZE
PAGE
button. The playback stops and the RIFF, track and current quantize value
are shown in the display.
PAGE
2 Use the CURSOR button to move to the QUANTIZE parameter, and the
TEMPO/DATA buttons to select a new value
CURSOR
3 Press the START/STOP button to listen to the corrected RIFF
4 Press the ENTER button twice to confirm your edit
If you wish to further improve the pattern, stop the execution by pressing the Start/Stop key. Select a new quantize
value and listen to the newly modified RIFF agin. You can continue until the patterns sounds perfect.
CLEAR NOTE
If you detect some wrong notes in a RIFF, you can clear them. Up to 5 notes can be cleared at the same time.
1 Select the RIFF you wish to correct, then press the CLEAR btton
2 Select the track you wish to modify by pressing the relative Function button
DRUMS
BASS
ACC. 1
ACC. 2
ACC. 3
CHORD
LOWER
In our example some note will de deleted from the DRUM track.
3 While the RIFF is playing, check on the beat counter the point where are
positioned the notes you wish to clear
4 Press the keyboard note you wish to cancel just a little below the established point.
5 Stop the pattern by pressing the START/STOP button
6 Press the ESCAPE button twice to exit the CLEAR mode
Apply this procedure to any RIFF you wish to modify.
Page48
the user styles
UPPER 2
UPPER 1
owners manual
wk1000
CLEAR TRACK, CLEAR RIFF, CLEAR TEMPO, CLEAR ALL
The CLEAR TRACK function is used to clear: a single track of the RIFF, all the tracks of a RIFF, the Tempo
track in a Style or the entire Style. The CLEAR TRACK and CLEAR RIFF functions affect the current Variation
only. CLEAR TEMPO and CLEAR ALL modify the entire Style.
1
3
2
1 Once the Style is in Record mode, press the CLEAR button
2 Select the RIFF you wish to cancel using the + / – buttons
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
0
+
+100
The following RIFFS can be selected: BasicMaj, BasicMin, Basic7th, IntMajor,
IntMinor, In7_th, EndMajor, EndMinor, End7_th, Fill, TempoTrk, ALL.
3 Select the VARIATION by pressing the relative button
DRUMS
BASS
ACC. 1
ACC. 2
ACC. 3
CHORD
LOWER
UPPER 2
UPPER 1
4 Select the track you wish to cancel by pressing the corresponding Function
button (F1/F5)
5 Select the CLEAR TEMPO track function using the TEMPO/DATA keys if
you with to cancel the recorded Tempo and return to the default status
6 Select the CLEAR ALL function using the TEMPO/DATA to completely cancel the Style
7 Once the desired section has been selected: Track, RIFF, Tempo, All; press
ENTER twice to confirm
Press ESCAPE to exit and return to Record mode. A recorded track is identified by the name appearing above the Program Change number.
SAVING YOUR USER STYLE TO A FLOPPY DISK
The User Styles are stored to the instrument memory even switching off the instrument. To prevent unwanted loss of data, you are recommended to save your User Styles to a Floppy Disk. Information about
Save Style procedure are given the [DISK] chapter this Owner’s Manual.
Note: Pressing the ENTER button twice will cancel the RIFF completely.
STYLE COPY
The function COPY is used to copy an existing Style (either ROM or User) to any of the 8 Style User locations
(96-103) available in the memory. For example, you can use the COPY function to copy a ROM Style and
successively modify the copy by adding or cancelling elements from the Style tracks.
1 Enter the Record mode, then press the COPY function button
The number blinking to the left corresponds to the source Style. The number
to the right is the destination, automatically selected. For example, the User
Style in location 96 will have location 97 as destination
2 Use the TEMPO/DATA buttons to select the Style you wish to copy (00-103).
3 Press ENTER twice to confirm copy
4 Press ESCAPE to exit the function and return to Record mode.
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THE USER STYLE PERFORMANCE
All empty User Styles contain a default Performance. The default performance has
the following sounds assigned to the accompaniment tracks (see the table).
Track
Drums
Bass
Acc1
Acc2
Acc3
Sound name
Stand1
Finger
Piano1
SteelGtr
Strings
Pr. Change
112
33
00
25
48
HOW TO PROGRAM A USER STYLE PERFORMANCE
It is NOT possible to recall a Style User Performance with the PERFORMANCE RECALL button, as it happens
with Performances in RealTime, Song/Style and Song modes. Each User Style is associated to a single User
Style Performance which is stored in the current Style User location only and not in other locations.
A User Style Performance can be programmed in Style User Record mode only. Follow the instructions given
in the Performance chapter to modify the sounds and the values of the tracks. Make sure that the track name
appears above the Program change number (press the corresponding Function key twice). Once you have
programmed the User Style Performance, press and hold the PERF STORE key for one second. Press ENTER
to confirm. The modifications are directly stored in the User Style location. Follow the recording procedure
as described.
TO ASSIGN A NAME TO A USER STYLE
A proper name can be assigned to each USER style
IMPORTANT: enter the RECORD MODE to assign a name to the Style. Press the PAGE button to select the Performance
Name page.
1 Select a USER STYLE and press the REC button to switch to RECORD MODE
PAGE
2 Press the PAGE button to select the PERFORMANCE NAME page
PAGE
3 the alpha-numeric function is set automatically. You can now enter the
User Style name, using the keyboard keys
CURSOR
4 Press and hold the PERF STORE button. Press ENTER to confirm
The USER STYLE name is now saved.
TO RECORD PROGRAM CHANGE
You may decide to change a Sound during the recording. In that case the Sequencer will record the corresponding Program Change number to the relative track. When playing the Style back , the track (or the
tracks) containing the Sound that has been changed, will play the first cycle of the Riff with the original
Sound and will change to the second Sound exactly as recorded, that is, the second Sound will be included
from the second cycle and all the subsequent ones. It will not be possible therefore to listen to the original
sound, unless the Style is stopped and restarted. To avoid this condition, it is advisable to record a Program
Change to the original Sound again, just before the end of the first cycle of the Riff. In this way, all the successive cycles of the Riff will start with the first Sound selected. The best results are obtained when modifying Riffs that are 4 bars long or more.
RECORDING COMMANDS
All controls generated by hardware devices (Pitch bend, Modulation), or by the optional pedals connected
to wk1000 rear-panel sockets can be recorded to the relative track. To record Volume section messages,
use the optional Volume Pedal, that can be programmed in the Volume section in the General Menu.
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THE DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSOR
The wk1000 allows you to process Performances (Style/RealTime, Song Style e Song Performance) through
the on-board multi-effect processor and to make the overall sound more realistic. The Digital Signal Processor is made by two units that process the Performances with Reverb and Modulation/Delay effects. Each
section has independent effects Send control to regulate the effect volume level in the current Performance.
The DSP control buttons are located in the UTILITY area.
REV/CHO
When it is active (the LED indicator is ON), the current Performance is processed from
the type of effect assigned both to the Reverb and to the Chorus unit of the DSP. The
overall processed sounds can be heard over the internal speakers and from the LEFT e
RIGHT outputs. When it is not active (the LED is OFF) , the sound is not processed by the
DSP and no effect is given.
TO ASSIGN THE EFFECTS
The way to assign effects to the current Performance is identicaI, no matter what the selected mode is
(Style/Real Time, Song Style, Song).
HOW TO SELECT THE TYPE OF EFFECT
1 Press and the REV/CHO button for a few seconds
The effect currently assigned to the Performance is indicated in the display.
2 Use CURSOR to move and the TEMPO/DATA buttons to assign a different
effect
You can scroll 22 different types of effect available for each DSP unit. The same
effect can be selected from both the DSP units. The same effect can be selected
from both the DSP units
To control the general effect VOLUME, move with the CURSOR button to the
volume page and modify its value using the TEMPO/DATA buttons.
PAGE
PAGE
CURSOR
PAGE
PAGE
PAGE
CURSOR
PAGE
3 To exit the effect function, use the CURSOR button or press ESCAPE.
CURSOR
The selected effects have now been assigned to the current Performance.
4 Press and hold STORE PERFORMANCE for a few seconds. Press ENTER to save
the changes in the current Performance.
If a different Performance is selected, or if the same Performance is selected
again before saving the changes, the new effect settings will be lost and the
Performance will be restored to the previous setting.
DISABLING THE EFFECTS
You can disable the effects assigned to the current Performance at any time by pressing the REV/CHO button you will either enable (led ON) ) or disable (led OFF OFF) the DSP.
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CONTROLLING THE EFFECT SEND LEVEL
The appropriate effect (Reverb or Chorus) effect can be set to each Performance track independently.
REVSEND
CHOSEND
Controls the REVERB level in each Performance track
Controls the CHORUS level in each Perforrmance track
DRUMS
BASS
ACC. 1
ACC. 2
ACC. 3
CHORD
LOWER
UPPER 2
UPPER 1
1 Select the track you wish to modify, using the function buttons
Note: the Performance or Single Touch mode must not be selected
The selected track will blink in the display, and the assigned sound name will be
shown in the 8-digit area
2 Press the PAGE
button to enter the track edit page.
PAGE
PAGE
button repeatedly until you get to the REVSEND or CHO3 Press the PAGE
SEND page
The current effect value is shown in the display (range 00-15)
PAGE
CURSOR
PAGE
4 Modify the value using the TEMPO/DATA buttons
CURSOR
5 Press ESCAPE to exit
6 Press the STORE PERFORMANCE button for a few seconds and confirm with
ENTER to save the changes to the current Performance
Note: selecting another Performance (or recalling the current one), before saving the
changes, the Performance will be restored to the previously changed settings.
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THE MIDI
Using MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface it is possible to:
• To use the wk1000 as a master keyboard to control another musical instrument
• To connect the wk1000 to an external sequencer (computer) to programm Songs and Styles
• To control the wk1000 as a slave instrument from a master keyboard, or from another control device
(guitar controller, wind controller, drum pads, etc.).
The Computer Port
The COMPUTER port acts as a MIDI IN and MIDI OUT port together for communication between wk1000 to a computer
using a single serial cable. Using the computer port disables the MIDI ports. If your computer can direct MIDI data to the
serial port (identified as RS232 in IBM computers and compatibles, or as MODEM in Apple Macintosh computers), the two
MIDI cables can be replaced by a single serial cable. Connecting wk1000 through its COMPUTER port enables control of
the 16 MIDI channels (as occurs in a standard MIDI interface).
Tracks and MIDI channels
The wk1000 always receives MIDI data on the 16 channels simultaneously. In transmission, wk1000 sends MIDI data
on 16 channels only in Song mode. You can assign any MIDI channel (from 1 to 16) to each track. A track can also be
excluded from MIDI, if you turn it to OFF.
Song Mode MIDI Configuration Set Up
SONG TRACK
MIDI Channel
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Style and Song Style mode MIDI Configuration Set Up
Style Track No.
Drum
F1
Bass
F2
Acc1
F3
Acc2
F4
Acc3
F5
Lower
F7
Upper2 F8
Upper1 F9
MIDI Ch.
10
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Rules for MIDI connection
•
•
•
•
•
In MIDI connections, the instruments that controls another is conventionally defined as [MASTER], while the controlled
instrument is defined [SLAVE].
The MIDI OUT of the master instrument is connected to the MIDI IN of the slave instrument.
To program Songs in an external sequencer, wk1000 MIDI OUT is connected to the MIDI IN of the sequencer, the
sequencer MIDI OUT is connected to the wk1000 MIDI IN.
Do not connect the two MIDI ports of the same instrument. Do not connect the same MIDI ports (both IN or both
OUT) between two instruments.
In the connections with external MIDI devices, the tracks of the external device and wk1000 must be tuned to the same
MIDI channels.
Assign MIDI channels
The MIDI channel setting of each Performance can be fully programmed and can be stored with the STORE PERFORMANCE
function. The procedure to follow when assigning MIDI channels is explained in detail in the “MIDI/GENERAL” chapter
of the Owner’s Manual. MIDI channels can be independently programmed for each track.
MIDI Lock
If you enable the MIDI LOCK function setting it to ON (see .MIDI/GENERAL.) the current setting of a Performance will be
maintained for all other Performances. All other settings assigned to the other Performances will be ignored. To keep the
last programmed setting stored to the instrument memory even when wk1000 is turned off, it is necessary to save the first
Performance with the Store Performance function. wk1000 will automatically set to that Performance this upon powering up.
Common and Chord Channels
The main uses of the Common and the Chord Channel are:
• To control the entire wk1000 keyboard with a Master keyboard. The master keyboard must transmit on the
same channel as wk1000 Common or Chord Channels.
• To reserve a special track either in a sequencer or in another MIDI instrument for the selection and control of
Styles, Performances, Songs, panel functions etc. In the external sequencer, a track is reserved for the control
data transmitted on the same MIDI channel assigned to wk1000 common or chord channel.
To have access to COMMON and CHORD channels, refer to the [PRELIMINARY OPERATIONS] chapter.
Common Channels
Use this function to assign the MIDI channel to Common. The channel assigned to Common is no longer available
to receive notes from an external device. Program and Control Change received on Common select Styles, Songs,
Song Styles, Effects and other functions described in the “Appendix” at the end of the Owner’s Manuals MIDI channel
assigned to Common can only receive data, as transmission on Common is disabled. Press and hold the STORE
PERFORMANCE key, then press ENTER to store the current MIDI setting to the Performance.
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CHORD CHANNEL
Use this function to connect a MIDI accordion. Chord channel can only receive data from the MIDI accordion and control
wk1000 automatic accompaniment. Follow the standard procedure to assign a MIDI channel. Press ESCAPE to return
to the main Menu. Press and hold down STORE PERFORMANCE and then press ENTER to save the current MIDI setting
to the Performance.
Note: a correct setting of the Common and Chord functions is the key condition to ensure full compatibility with a
MIDI accordion. (For details refer to the chaper “CONTROLLING wk1000 FROM A MIDI ACCORDION”).
MIDI NUMERATION
MIDI data are numbered from 0 to 127. Some instruments may adopt 1 to 128 numeration. When using external devices
that adopt a different numeration, the appropriate conversation should be applied between one system and the other.
THE MAIN APPLICATIONS OF MIDI
CONTROLLING AN EXPANDER OR OTHER KEYBOARDS WITH WK1000
If you wish to control an expander or other MIDI instruments using wk1000 as a master keyboard, read the following instructions carefully.
•Connect the wk1000 MIDI OUT port with the expander MIDI IN
Set wk1000 to operate in Real Time mode and play at least three sounds at the same time (Upper 1, Upper 2 and
Lower keyboard sections). In Song Mode only one track is made available for Real Time operation. In the Real Time
mode setup, the MIDI messages generated by wk1000 keyboard, travel from wk1000 MIDI OUT port to the expander
MIDI IN. If you have set both instruments to the same MIDI channels, when you play on wk1000 keyboard, you will
hear the sound coming from both the keyboard and the expander. If you wish to exclude the sounds generated by
wk1000 and only hear those coming from the expander, you can either set wk1000 track volume values to Zero, or
set wk1000 tracks to [LOCAL OFF] (as explained in the MIDI/GENERAL Chapter ). If you save a Performance with
zero volume on the tracks you can listen to the expander only. Using the [LOCAL ON/OFF] parameters and setting
the tracks corresponding to the keyboard sections (F7/F9) to [OFF] , you can disconnect the keyboard from wk1000
internal sound generator. The data transmitted from the keyboard will only be sent to MIDI OUT, and you will only
hear the expander sound.
PRELIMINARY OPERATIONS
1 Connect the wk1000 MIDI OUT to the expander MIDI IN
MIDI OUT
MIDI IN
2 Select a Performance in wk1000
NOTE: Program the track as you wish, setting sounds, volumes, pan, effects etc.
3 Press and hold the MIDI/GENERAL button for a few seconds. Then press
the PAGE
button until the [MIDI Channels] appears in the display
PAGE
The MIDI channels of the wk1000 sections must match those of the expander. (Alternatively, consult the expander’s owner’s manual to program
the expander’s sections to match those of the wk1000).
button to select the MIDI CHANNEL mode and
to the relative tracks.
PAGE
CURSORPAGE
4 Press the PAGE
button again. The display show this screen. The TEM5 Press the PAGE
PO/DATA buttons set the MIDI channel number
6 Press ESCAPE to exit the MIDI/GENERAL mode.
PAGE
MIDI COMMON CHANNEL:
OFF
MIDI CHORD CHANNEL: OFF
RECORD
PLAY
Tra ck 1-8
Track 9-16
dim6
119
513
TRANSPOSE
MEASURE
METRONOME
ACC. 2
ACC. 3
BASS
TEMPO
CURSOR
mM7 aug sus 4
DRUMS
ACC. 1
CHORD
REC
LOWER
REC
UPPER 2
FADE
OCTAVE
TOUCH
MELODY OFF
H disk
F disk
HARMONY
ARR.MEM.
LOW.MEM.
STYLE LOCK
1
3
To save the edit, press and hold the STORE PERFORMANCE key for a few
seconds. Press ENTER to confirm. If the changes are not saved, they will be
lost as soon as a new Performance is recalled.
7 Playing the wk1000 the MIDI data are send to the external expander
The sounds coming from both wk1000 and the expander can be
heard together.
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CONTROLLING THE KEYBOARD FROM A MIDI ACCORDION
Connect the accordion MIDI OUT port to wk1000 MIDI IN socket with a standard Midi cable. To drive
wk1000 from your accordion, proceed as follows:
1 Set the MIDI LOCK to ON (see in the MIDI/GENERAL chapter).
2 Set wk1000 CHORD channel (as explained in the MIDI/GENERAL chap-
ter) to the accordion CHORD channel, or to the channel engaged by your
accordion to transmit chords ( midi accordions usually engage Ch.2).
3 Set wk1000 tracks to the midi channels, refer to the table on the side
4 Set COMMON channel to OFF
Track
DRUM
BASS
ACC1
Acc2
Acc3
LOWER
UPPER2
UPPER1
COMMON
CHORD
Midi Channel
Ch 10
Ch 3
Ch 5
Ch 6
Ch 7
Ch 2
Ch 1
Ch 1
OFF
2
5 Ensure that the wk1000 is set to ONE FINGER mode (refer to the ARRANGE MODE instructions)
6 Extend the SPLIT point to the maximum setting allowed for the chords (refer to the SPLIT chapter)
Note: If you wish to listen to wk1000 sounds together with the melody coming from your accordion, set the UPPER 1 sections (or UPPER1 and UPPER 2 together) to the same midi channel that the accordion engages for the
right hand, or melody section (midi Accordions usually engage Ch.1 and/or Ch. 4).
the setting you have created can be store in any of the 63 available Performances. The entire set of Performances can be saved to the Floppy Disk.
USING A COMPUTER (OR EXTERNAL SEQUENCER)
If you prefer to use a computer software sequencer to record your Songs in order to exploit some of the
advanced editing functions, proceed with the following general instructions. The idea is to use the wk1000
to generate the MIDI messages to send to the computer sequencer.
•Connect the wk1000 MIDI OUT port to the sequencer’s MIDI IN port
•Connect the Sequencer MIDI OUT port to the wk1000 MIDI IN port
In this setup (Song mode) and with the correctly assigned MIDI channels, the MIDI messages generated
by the wk1000 keyboard are sent from the wk1000 MIDI OUT, received by the MIDI IN of the computer
MIDI interface and recorded by the sequencer. When you launch the Play command in the sequencer, the
MIDI messages are sent via the computer’s MIDI OUT port and received at the wk1000 MIDI IN. Via MIDI,
you can send messages from the computer and perform all the operations that you would normally carry
out on the wk1000 control panel. You can change sounds, set volumes and pan levels, select and control
the effects, etc. When you send messages to wk1000 to select Sounds, the Sound selection message must
be received on the MIDI channel assigned to the track to which the Sound is assigned. wk1000. To select
wk1000 Sounds, first send a Control Change 00 message (Bank Select) followed by a Program Change
(PC) message. The Sound table, with corresponding MIDI selection messages is listed in the Appendix.
To use the described setting, it is advisable to set the track used to send data to the computer sequencer
to [LOCAL OFF]. Set the computer sequencer to retransmit all the MIDI messages received to wk1000.
Depending on the software used, this retransmitting function is identified by different designations: ECHO,
ECHO ON, ECHO BACK., PATCH THRU, SOFT THRU, MIDI THRU, etc. By setting the track used to send data
to the computer sequencer to [LOCAL OFF] , playing on the keyboard will produce no sound. Nevertheless,
data are transmitted to the sequencer via MIDI. The sequencer echoing function retransmit the same MIDI
received data directly to wk1000 sound generator. Consequently, you can hear the sounds coming again
from wk1000 keyboard. If you do not set the track to [LOCAL OFF], when the [ECHO] function is active on
the computer, you will hear a double note sound with each note played: the first note is generated by the
internal (LOCAL) connection between the keyboard and the sound generator, the second is generated by
the external MIDI connection from the keyboard to the sequencer, back to the sound generator.
THE COMPUTER PORT
The Computer Port is an alternative to the MIDI connections just described, you can use the COMPUTER
port and a single serial cable. The COMPUTER port disables the MIDI port.
•Apple Macintosh
Macintosh (o compatibles) communicate at the speed of 1 MHz. Read the computer Software manual for reference.Use a
standard serial cable of the DB8 type to connect wk1000 to the MacIntosh MODEM port. Set the COMPUTER parameters
to MAC in [MIDI/GENERAL].
•IBM PC
IBM PC (or compatibles) may communicate at the speed of 31250 baud (PC1) or 38400 baud (PC2). Use standard serial
cables of the DB8-DB9, DB8-DB25 types connect wk1000 to the PC serial port. Set the COMPUTER parameters to PC1
or PC2 in MIDI/GENERAL.
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CONTROLLING THE KEYBOARD WITH A MASTER KEYBOARD
The Master keyboards are usually mute instruments which do not feature a sound generator. They require
an external sound source to produce sounds. wk1000 internal sound generator may operate as an external
sound source (Slave). The Master keyboard must transmit on the MIDI channel that is assigned to Common
in wk1000. All Bank Select (CC00) and Program Change (PC) messages which are normally used to
select wk1000, if transmitted on the Common Channel are now interpreted as messages to exchange
Performances, Styles, Song Styles or Songs.
SELECTING STYLES VIA MIDI COMMON
To select a Style from a master keyboard or computer, you must send two Control Change messages
relating to BankSelect (CC 0 - 32) and (CC 32 - 0) followed by a Program Change (PC), with the values
shown in the following table.
MIDI Message
BankSel LSB
BankSel MSB
Prg Chng
ROM Memory Locations (from 00 to 95)
STYLE GROUP NAME
CC 0 - 32
CC 0 - 32
CC 32 - 0
CC 32 - 0
From 00 to 07
From 08 to15
Styles from 1 to 8
Styles from 9 to 16
8 BEAT
16 BEAT
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
From
From
From
From
From
From
From
From
From
From
Styles
Styles
Styles
Styles
Styles
Styles
Styles
Styles
Styles
Styles
ROCK
FUNK
DANCE 1
DANCE 2
JAZZ
US TRAD
TRAD 1
TRAD 2
LATIN 1
LATIN 2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
-
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
16
24
32
40
48
56
64
72
80
88
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
23
31
39
47
55
63
71
79
87
95
from
from
from
from
from
from
from
from
from
from
17
25
33
41
49
57
65
73
81
82
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
24
32
40
48
56
64
71
80
88
96
RAM Memory Locations (From 96 to103)
CC 0 - 44
CC 32 - 0
From 0 to 7
From 1 to 8
USER STYLES
CONTROLLING THE STYLES VIA MIDI COMMON
The Style controls can be simulated by sending ControlChange 80 and 81 messages to wk1000 with the
values shown in the following table. If the master keyboard features programmable keys, some of the
following messages can be assigned to the keys to control Styles directly from the master.
Style Controller
Fill ><
CC80 Value ONE SHOT
(single function buttons)
CC80=00
Fill <
CC80=01
Fill ><
Fill >
CC80=02
Fill <
01
65
Intro
CC80=08
Fill >
02
66
Ending
CC80=16
Intro
08
72
Var 1
CC80=24
Ending
16
80
Var 2
CC80=25
Harmony ON/OFF
32
96
Var 3
CC80=26
Arrange ON/OFF
33
97
Var 4
CC80=27
Arrange Memory ON/OFF
37
101
Key Start
CC80=40
Lower Memory ON/OFF
38
102
Fade In/Out
CC80=59
Key Start ON/OFF
40
104
Rotary
CC80=61
Single Touch Play ON/OFF
48
112
Tempo increment
CC80=66
CC80=67
Style Lock ON/OFF
49
113
Tempo decrement
Next Performance
CC80=68
Tempo Lock ON/OFF
51
115
Previous Performance
CC80=69
Fade In ON/OFF
59
123
Fade OUT ON/OFF
60
124
Rotary ON/OFF
61
125
Style Controller
CC81 - 0 - 63=OFF - 64 127=ON, ON/OFF - double
function keys or buttons
00
64
SELECTING THE EFFECTS VIA MIDI COMMON CHANNEL
To select the Effects from a Master keyboard or computer via Common channel, you must send two Control
Change messages relative to the Effects change CC 16 - 0 / 64, CC 48 - nn (number of the effect), with
the values shown in the tables listed in the Appendix.
Note: the Control Change 16 with value 0 selects the REVERB mode, with value 64 the CHORUS mode. Control Change
48 must always be followed by the number of the Effect required (see the tables listed in the Appendix).
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SELECTING SONGS AND SONG STYLES VIA MIDI COMMON
To select a Song from a Master keyboard or a computer, you must send a Control Change message relative
to BankSelect (CC00) followed by a Program Change (PC) message with the values listed in the table.
SONG SELECTION
CC 32 00
CC 00 56
CC 32 00
CC 00 56
CC 32 00
CC 00 56
CC 32 00
CC 00 56
CC 32 00
CC 00 56
CC 32 00
CC 00 56
CC 32 00
CC 00 56
SONG STYLE SELECTION
CC 32 00
CC 00 62
CC 32 00
CC 00 62
CC 32 00
CC 00 62
CC 32 00
CC 00 62
CC 32 00
CC 00 62
CC 32 00
CC 00 62
CC 32 00
CC 00 62
Prg
Prg
Prg
Prg
Prg
Prg
Prg
Chng
Chng
Chng
Chng
Chng
Chng
Chng
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Prg
Prg
Prg
Prg
Prg
Prg
Prg
Chng
Chng
Chng
Chng
Chng
Chng
Chng
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
PERFORMANCE SELECTION
Song location 111 - 117
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
Song Styles locations 104 - 110
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
RAM
RealTime
Performances
locations 0 - 63
0
CC 32 00
CC 00 48
Prg Chng 1
CC 32 00
CC 00 48
Prg Chng 64 63
SELECTING SOUND BANKS VIA MIDI ( BK 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 )
The wk1000 banks that can be selected via MIDI (Bank Select - CC 00 + value of the bank) to command
a Sound change are the following ones: Bank 1, 2, 3, relative to GMX (standard Generalmusic) sound
map, Bank 5, used to recall SAMPLES (1-a 8) and Bank 6, extension of wk1000 sound map ( 00-59 + 1
Effects Kit: location 112). Furthermore, there are other sound banks that are not available to the user for
selection, but necessary to wk1000 internal structure to guarantee compatibility with other Generalmusic
instruments.
CC 00 = vv (vv=bank value) Prg Chng from 1 to128
ADDITIONAL MIDI PARAMETERS
wk1000 offers additionale MIDI paramters which add versatility to the instrument. The parameters can be recalled
from MIDI/GENERAL mode:
•General MIDI ON/OFF
•Channel Lock
More details are explained in the MIDI/GENERAL chapter of the Owner’s Manual.
GENERALMUSIC SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE
The wk1000 recognizes via Midi the Generalmusic System Exclusive messages that control the values of
various features, such as: effects, master tune, master transpose. The system exclusive strings for each
requested parameters are listed below.
REVERB CHANGE
F0,2F,30,01,00,00,00,13,00,vv,F7
vv= effect number 00h-15h
REVERB LEVEL
F0,2F,30,01,00,00,00,13,01,vv,F7
vv= reverb volume 00h-7Fh
REVERB TIME
F0,2F,30,01,00,00,00,13,02,vv,F7
vv= reverb time 00h-7Fh
CHORUS CHANGE
F0,2F,30,01,00,00,00,13,05,vv,F7
vv= effect number 00h-15h
CHORUS LEVEL
F0,2F,30,01,00,00,00,13,06,vv,F7
vv= effect volume 00h-7Fh
CHORUS RATE
F0,2F,30,01,00,00,00,13,07,vv,F7
vv= value effect rate 00h-7Fh
CHORUS DEPTH
F0,2F,30,01,00,00,00,13,08,vv,F7
vv= value effect depth 00h-7Fh
MASTER TUNE
F0,2F,30,01,00,00,00,07,00,vv,F7
vv= central value 40h + / - 40h
MASTER TRANSPOSE
F0,2F,30,01,00,00,00,09,02,vv,F7
vv= central value 18 h+/-18 h semitones
Note: The reverb volume selected by the
instrument panel must be set to its maximum range
(127)
the midi
WARNING!: All the numbers within the SysEx strings
must be expresed as [HEXADECIMAL] codes. SysEx
messages do not require a specific MIDI channel.
Page57
owners manual
wk1000
MIDI/GENERAL
To access to the MIDI/GENERAL mode, press the relative MIDI/GENERAL button,
and hold it down for a few seconds.
Use the PAGE buttons to scroll through the various pages. Move to the various
sections of a page with the CURSOR buttons.
PAGE
PAGE
CURSOR
PEDAL
The Damper Pedal functions are controlled by this section. The pedal must be connected
to the Damper socket located on the rear panel of the instrument. Use the TEMPO/
DATA buttons to access to the pedal menu.
1 Sw Up1/2: Sets the Real Upper1 e Upper2 to ON or to OFF.
This function is useful when you wish to use two sounds alternatively but do not wish
to interrupt the execution
2 St/Stp: Starts or stops the the drum pattern
3 Fill A: executes Fill IN A
4 Fill IN: executes Fill IN
5 Fill B: executes Fill IN B
6 Intro: adds the intro to the selected Variation
7 Ending: adds the ending to the selected Variation
VOLUME PEDAL
An optional volume pedal (GEM prod. code: 970013) connected to the rear of the instrument, can either control the
PAGE
overall volume (ALL) or the single sections (SEC). Use the TEMPO/DATA buttons To select ALL or SEC.
If the PAGE
button is pressed, the display will show the following functions: Tuning,
Dynamic, Serial Computer.
PAGE
CURSOR
Use the CURSOR buttons to select the desired function, and the TEMPO/DATA to modify
the values.
Parameter
Tuning
Value Range Description
This function indicates the overall tuning of wk1000, and can be modified using
-63/63
the TEMPO/DATA key. The 00 value corrresponds to standard tuning of the “A”
note in 440 Hz.
3 level
This parameter select an harder or softer keyboard to react to your touch.
3 options to modify the dynamic response are available: soft, normal and
hard. Note: the “OFF” indication shows that the keyboard is no longer
dynamic.
Serial Computer PC1/PC2/MAC In case wk1000 is connected to a PC through a serial port, it is necessary
to select the type of connection according to the computer used
PAL/NTSC
Enables video standard type according to the TV system used. You can
Video type
select between PAL (Europe) and NTSC.
OFF/ON
Shows the lyrics of the Song both an external monitor or TV set and on
Text Lyrics
the display
Dynamic
Important: If you are not going to make any connection to the serial port, make sure that OFF (default setting) is restore, otherwise the MIDI interface will be disabled.
Page58
the midi/general mode
owners manual
wk1000
MIDI
CHANNEL - LOCAL- INTERNAL - G.MIDI - START/STOP- CHN.LOCK - DUMP
Modifications to CHANNEL and LOCAL can be saved in the Performance.
CHANNEL
This function assign the MIDI channel to each track. Press ENTER to enable the
function
The 3-digit display indicates the number of the MIDI channel assigned to the
track (e.g.: C01= channel 1), while the 8-digit display indicates the track
number. Use the + /– buttons to select the track.
The TEMPO/DATA buttons control the MIDI channel number to assign to the
track (1-16) as well as the track OFF status. Use the Function buttons (F1/F8),
for fast tracks selection.
After selecting all the 16 tracks with the PAGE
button, the display shows
the COMMON and CHORD tracks and the respective MIDI channel numbers.
Select the MIDI channel you wish to assign to COMMON and to CHORD channels (if you are using a MIDI accordion, refer to the MIDI chapter of the Owners Manual).
Press ESCAPE to exit the CHANNEL mode and return to the MIDI selection
page.
Continue the parameters selection using the TEMPO/DATA buttons.
MIDI LOCAL
The LOCAL (ON/OFF) Function control whether wk1000 keyboard should control the sound generation of each section.It is possible to disable each track from the sound generation.
Press ENTER to enable this track function
The track number appears in the display. Use the F9 Function button to toggle
between Group A tracks (01-08) to Group B tracks (09-16).
Use the TEMPO/DATA buttons to set the track ON/OFF status, and the CURSOR button to select the tracks.
PAGE
PAGE
CURSOR
Press ESCAPE to exit the CHANNEL mode and return to the MIDI selection
page.
Continue the parameters selection using the TEMPO/DATA buttons.
INTERNAL
When wk1000 is active, it is controlled by the internal CLOCK; this device sets and maintains the set
Tempo. If you wish to exclude the internal CLOCK, the Tempo followed by wk1000 will be set by the
computer or external sequencer (CLOCK EXT), connected to wk1000 MIDI IN port; in this case, use
the TEMPO/DATA keys to select the EXTERNAL mode.
G.MIDI
If wk1000 is set to General MIDI ON, the instrument becomes compatible with all MIDI Files that are
loaded to the memory. If you wish to communicate via MIDI with instruments that are not General
MIDI compatible, it is advisable to set wk1000 to General MIDI OFF position. To enable Generalmusic standard (GMX) it is necessary to set General MIDI to OFF. In this way all the Sound banks
and all the 44 effects provided by wk1000 will be at your disposal when programming your music
backings.
START/STOP
Enabling the START/STOP function, WK1 will start as soon as the START command will be sent by an external MIDI device: computer, sequencer. Use the TEMPO/DATA key to toggle between ON and OFF.
MIDI TRANSPOSE
Set ON/OFF the MIDI Tranpose function
the midi/general mode
Page59
owners manual
wk1000
CHNLOCK (ON/OFF)
The CHANNEL LOCK function locks the current Performance setting. Before using this function you should
set the CHNLOCK function to ON status, then modify the setting of the MIDI channels. This is the only way to
apply the MIDI channel setting to the entire instrument. Use the TEMPO/DATA to set the function ON or OFF.
The last setting saved of the instrument is maintained in the memory. Even switching off the keyboard, is provided that the first
Performance, which is the one on which wk1000 sets by default upon turning on, has been saved to Store Performance.
•MIDI DUMP
DUMP function transmits all data from wk1000 internal memory via MIDI: this is a further possibility
to safeguard valuable data. Proceed as follows to dump data to an external MIDI data filer (computer,
sequencer, etc.).
1 Connect wk1000 MIDI OUT port to the MIDI IN of the external device
PAGE
2 Use the PAGE buttons to select the DUMP page. Now select the type of data you wish to
transfer (ALL, SEQ, PERF) using the TEMPO/DATA buttons
PAGE
CURSOR
3 Start the Recording procedure in the external device
4 Once finished press twice the ENTER button
MIDI DUMP SAVED DATA RECEPTION
To properly receive the MIDI dump data, connect the transmitting external device MIDI OUT to the wk1000
MIDI IN. Enable the MIDI data transmission, the MIDI dump data reception is automatically set.
INIZIALIZE ALL
This function allows you to restore the wk1000 factory default. The different instrument memory sections:
performance (PFM), sequencer (SEQ) or ALL can be indepenently restored. Press TEMPO/DATA to select the
memory area to inizialize and twice the ENTER button.
OPERATING SYTEM RELEASE DATE: EL XX_XX_XX
The last page of the MIDI/GENERAL menu shows the date of the latest operating release system installed
on board. Press ESCAPE to exit the current mode.
Page60
the midi/general mode
owners manual
wk1000
wk1000 appendix
Appendix
Page61
owners manual
wk1000
WK1000 SOUND DATABASE
Group
Progr. BANK 1
BANK 2
BANK 3
Sample BANK
BANK 4
MSB=0
MSB=1
MSB=2
MSB=5
MSB=6
GPiano 1
Piano2
Piano3
HonkyTonk 2
E.Piano1*
E.Piano2*
Harpsichor
Clavinet
PianoMk1
PianoW2
E.G.Piano12
DetPiano2
ThinRhodx2
E.Piano32
Harpsich22
SynClav
PickPiano2
Pianoctave2
E.G.Piano22
Western2
E.Piano4
E.Piano5
Harpsich3
WowClav
USER SAMPLE1
USER SAMPLE2
USER SAMPLE3
USER SAMPLE4
USER SAMPLE5
USER SAMPLE6
USER SAMPLE7
USER SAMPLE8
DetuneEP1 2
DetuneEP2 2
CpHarpsy 2
ChurcBel 2
DetnOrg1 2
DetnOrg2 2
ChurOrg2 2
ItAccord
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Celesta2
Glockenspl
MusicBox
Vibraphone
Marimba
Xylophone
TubularBel
Santur
CelestaPlk2
GlockVibes2
WineGls12
Vibes2
Marimba2
Xylophone2
SoftBell2
BarChimes
ToyPiano2
GlockChoir2
MusicBell
SynVibes
Mallet
XyloTribal2
Oohlalaa
Climbing2
Ukulele
12StGuit 2
Mandolin
HawGuitr
ChoGuitr2
FnkGuitr
FbkGuitr
GuitarFb
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
Organ1 2
Organ2
Organ3
ChurchOrg1
ReedOrgan
Accordeo
Harmonica
Bandoneon
16’1’Draw2
16’8’5’Drw
SwOrgan*
Church22
PipeOrgan2
Accord1
Blusette
Cassotto
Organ1WX2
JazzOrgan32
SynOrg12
Organ3WX2
Organ42
Accord22
WestHarmon
OrganLfo2
S.Bass3
S.Bass4 2
Orchestr 2
S.Strng3 2
BrassTr2 2
S.Brass3 2
S.Brass4 2
TaisKoto 2
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
NylonGtr
SteelGtr
JazzGtr1
CleanGtr
MutedGtr
OverdrGt
DistGtr
HarmonxGtr
SoloGtr
12StlGtr
OctJzGtr2
ElGuitar1
Muted2
WhaGtr1
FuzzGtr
SlowHarmx2
VocalGtr2
SteelGtr1
Hawaiian
ChorusGtr2
Dyn.Muted*
5thOverdr2
HeavyGt2
HarmGtr32
Castanet
ConcerBd
MeloTom2
808_Tom
GtCutNse
StrnSlap
Rain 2
Thunder
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
AcoustcBs1
FingBass
PickBass
Fretless
SlapBass1
SlapBass2
SynBass1
SynBass2
AcoustcBs2
Dyn.Fingrd*
Dyn.Bass2*
AcidBass1
Dyn.Bass3*
WXBass2
SynBass3
SynBass4
AcousticBs3
Dyn.Bass1*
PckBass22
Flanged
SlapSynBs2
StopBass
TecknoBass2
RaveBass2
Wind
Stream
Bubble 2
Dog
Horse
Telephon
DoorCrak
Door
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
Violin
Viola
Cello
Contrabass
TremoloStr
Pizzicato
Harp
Timpani
SlowViolin
BowedViola
SlowCello
BowedBass
OctTremolo2
OctPizz2
HarpDelay2
TimpaniEFX2
ViolinOrch2
ViolaPad2
CelloEns2
Staccato
Plectra
EchoPizz
Spacehar2
Dyn.Orch I’I*
Scratch
WdChimes
CarEngin
Car Stop 2
Car Pass 2
CarCrash
Siren
Train
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
Strings
SlwStrings
SynStrg1
SynStrg2
Choir
VoxOoh
SynVox
OrchHits2
StereoStrg2
StrgOrch2
SynStrg32
SynStrg42
VoiceUuh2
VoiceAah2
SkatVoices*
Rave2
StrgGlock2
St.SlwStrg
SynStrg52
Strings3
SlowUuh
SlowAah2
Vocoder2
Dyn.St.Hit
Jetplane 2
Starship 2
BurstNse 2
Laughing 2
Screamin 2
Punch
Heart Bt
FootStep
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
Trumpet
Trombone
Tuba
MutedTrp1
FrenchHorn
BigBrass
SynBrass12
SynBrass22
FlugelAttk
Trombone3
ShortTuba
MutedTrp2
Dyn.FrHorn*
Brass22
SynBras22
SlowHorn2
FlugelHorn
WowTromb2
WowTuba
Dyn.MtTrp*
TotoHorns2
BrassRips
SyntHorn2
AttkHorn2
MachiGun
LaserGun 2
Explosion 2
Rhodes70
Rhodes
DeepBass
MuteDist
OvrMtGtr
PIANO
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
CHROMATIC
ORGAN
GUITAR
BASS
STRINGS
ENSEMBLE
BRASS
Page62
Appendix
owners manual
wk1000
WK1000 SOUND DATABASE
Group
Progr. BANK 1
BANK 4
BANK 2
BANK 3
MSB = 0
MSB = 1
MSB = 2
MSB = 6
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
Soprano
AltoSax
TenorSax
BaritonSax
Oboe Oboe
EnglisHorn2
Bassoon
Clarinet
Soprano2
SaxNoise2
OctaveSax2
BaritDet2
Chiff2
EngHorn22
Bassoon2
ClarSolo
SoprFilter
SoftFilt
TenFilter
BariFilter
OboeFilter
HornFilter
BassoonFlt
ClarFilter
StrnStkt
SynOrch
TijnTpt
DarkSax
TenrGrwl
Phat
Piano1
Musette
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
Piccolo
JazzFlute
Recorder2
PanFlute
BottleBlow
Shakuhachi2
Whistle
Ocarina
HardFlute12
Dyn.Flute1*
HardFlute22
PanFlute2
BottleNois
Shakupad2
Whistle1WX
OcarinaPan2
HardFlt22
DynHiFlute2
Bubbler
Dyn.Pan
Tube
ShakuVoice2
Whistle3WX2
OcarinaSyn2
NylonGtr2
SteelGtr2
12StrGtr2
CleanGtr2
MutedGtr2
Overdrive
FingeredBs
Brass
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
SquareWave2
SawWave
SynCalliop2
ChiffLead2
Charang
SoloVox
5thSaw
BassLead
Pulse12
ObxFilter2
Azimut2
Chopper2
Jump2
FiltRes12
Wave2Decay12
Obx22
Pulse22
Lyle2
SynLead12
Digital2
SoundTrk2
FiltRes22
Decay22
Obx32
SoftSax
Flute
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
Fantasia2
WarmPad
Polysynth2
SpaceVoice
BowedGlass2
MetalPad2
HaloPad2
SweepPad
NewAge2
Obx12
Fantasy22
VocBells2
Prophet12
Bright22
Slave2
Machiner2
PPG2
AnlgPad2
Fantasy32
Angels2
Prophet22
Analogic2
Atmosphere2
Decay32
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
IceRain2
Soundtrack2
Crystal
Atmosphere2
Brightness
Goblin
EchoDrops
StarTheme2
Noiseres
MoonWind2
Wind2
Arp26000
WithGas2
Resonance2
Synthex12
StarTheme22
BigRoom
Slope2
SynLead22
GlockAthm2
PopUp2
NoGravity2
Synthex22
PowerBad2
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
Sitar
Banjo
Shamisen
Koto
Kalimba
Bagpipe
Fiddle
Shanai
SitarDet2
BanjoOct2
ShamSitar2
Kanoun2
ShrtKalimb
BagpipeEns2
Hukin
BacktoWS2
SynSitar2
EthnicGtr2
SynSham
TrpClarin
SaxTrumpt
BrassEns2
FiddleBell2
VoiceSpect
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
TinkleBell2
Agogo
SteelDrums2
Woodblock
Taiko
Melo.Tom1
SynthDrum
ReverseCym
Dk_Stand.1D
Dk_RoomD
Dk_PowerD
Dk_Elect.D
Dk_HouseD
Dk_Jazz1D
Dk_BrushD
Dk_OrchD
Dk_Stand.2D
Dk_WSD
Dk_Std.1WXD
Dk_DanceD
Dk_TechnoD
Dk_Jazz2D
Dk_M1D
Dk_SY77D
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
GtFretNois
BreathNois
Seashore2
Bird
Telephone1
Helicopter2
Applause
GunShot
Gtr.WhaWha
Zapp Key
TickTack
Scratch1
Telephone2
SynPerc32
HeartBeat
Explosion2
GtrNoise
Click
Drop
Water
Door
Clackson2
PickScrape
Bomb
REED
PIPE
SYN LEAD
SYN PAD
SYN SFX
ETHNIC
PERCUSSIVE
112 DrumSFX
StandHHP
StandRCK
StandDNW
Standar1
SFX
Appendix
Page63
owners manual
POP1
POP1
00 8BeatSlow
01 8BtMedium
02 8BeatFast
03 8BeatLatin
04 8BeatPop
05 EasyPop
06 SmoothPop
07 PopShuffle
JAZZ
BasicTrio
48
JAZZ
49 SlowSwing
50 BasieBand
51 HotBigBand
52 JazzWaltz
53 Django
54 Charleston
55 Dixieland
wk1000
POP2
POP2
08 LiteFunk
09 6/8Sweet
10 6/8Blues
11 EpicBallad
12 PopBallad
13 PopBallad12
14 BlueBallad
15 EasyBallad
COUNTRY
CountryPop1
56
COUNTRY
57 CountryPop2
58 CountryBeat
59 CountrySwing
60 CountryFox
61 ModCountry
62 Unplugged1
63 Unplugged2
WK1000 STYLES
LIST
ROCK
TRADITIONAL1
ROCK
TRADITIONAL1
16 SoftRock
24 Waltz1
17 HeavyRock
25 Waltz2
18 80LiteRock
26 Wiener
19 GuitarRock
27 SlowWaltz
20 SurfTwist
28 Musette
21 Teenage50s
29 Mazurka1
22 60sSoul
30 Mazurka2
23 80sBallad
31 Tango
LATIN1
LATIN2
Bossa1
ChaCha
64
72
LATIN1
LATIN2
65 Bossa2
73 PopChaCha
66 Samba1
74 Mambo
67 Samba2
75 Salsa
68 Beguine1
76 Merengue
69 Beguine2
77 FastRhumba
70 PopBeguine
78 RhumbaClass
71 LatinBand
79 Guajira
TRADITIONAL2
TRADITIONAL2
32 6/8Polka
33 Folk2/4
34 ItalianFolk1
35 ItalianFolk2
36 Tarantella1
37 Tarantella2
38 Jive
39 HappyDance
WORLD1
GermanPop
80
WORLD1
81 PopWaltz
82 PartyPolka
83 Boehmish
84 EgerWaltz
85 PasoDoble
86 Flamenco
87 Sevillana
DANCE
DANCE
40 DiscoSamba
41 DiscoCha
42 JamiroDance
43 70sDance
44 HouseDance
45 SoulTown
46 OrchDisco
47 GloryDisco
WORLD2
Zeibekico
88
WORLD2
89 Syrtos
90 Kalamat
91 Tsamikos
92 Turk9/8
93 Turk7/8
94 Turk5/8
95 Duek
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Reverb table
Chorus table
Reverb
Chorus
CC16-vv (vv=0)
CC16 - vv (vv=64)
CC48-nn
number)
CC48
number)
(nn=reverb
Hall 1
0
Hall 2
1
Hall 3
2
Warm Hall
8
Long Hall
9
10 Stereo Concert
16 Chamber
32 Studio Room1
40 Studio Room2
41 Studio Room3
48 Club Room 1
56 Club Room 2
57 Club Room 3
64 Vocal
65 Metal Vocal
72 Plate 1
73 Plate 2
80 Church
88 Mountains
89 Falling
104 Early 1
105 Early 2
Page64
0
1
8
9
16
17
24
25
28
32
33
36
37
40
41
48
49
56
57
60
61
96
nn
(nn=effect
Mono Delay 1
Mono Delay 2
Stereo Delay 1
Stereo Delay 2
Multitap Delay 1
Multitap Delay 2
Ping-pong
Panmix
Dubbing
Chorus 1
Chorus 2
ChorusDelay 1
ChorusDelay 2
Ensemble 1
Ensemble 2
Phaser 1
Phaser 2
Flanger 1
Flanger 2
FlangerDelay 1
FlangerDelay 2
Rotary
Control Change on tracks
CC00,32 Bank change.
CC01 Modulation.
CC06,38 Data Entry.
CC07 Main Volume.
CC10 Pan (panorama).
CC11 Expression.
CC16,48† Effects selection
CC17,49† Effects volume
CC18,50† General Purpose (Tuning control)
CC32 BankSelect LSB.
CC64 Damper pedal.
CC66 Sostenuto (sustain) pedal.
CC67 Soft pedal.
CC71 Resonance.
CC72 Release Time.
CC73 Attack Time.
CC74 Filter Cutoff Frequency.
CC80 One Shot control
CC81 On/Off control
CC91 Effect 1 send (E1, reverb depth).
CC93 Effect 2 send (E2, chorus depth).
CC98,99 NRPN
CC100-101 RPN
Appendix
Technical Specifications are subject to change without prior notice
61 keys with dynamics
32 notes max.
471 sounds, including 20 drumkits
63 realtime performances (progr.), 960 style performances (10 per style)
22 reverbs, 22 effects, with separate sends
3 realtime sections (lower, upper 1, upper 2), monophonic mode (upper 1 only), split (progr.)
volume, pitch bend wheel, modulation button, page<>, cursor, melody off, demo, metronome,
single touch play, performance recall/store perf, function button F1/F9, style/tempo lock, play
all songs, floppy disk, lyrics, Upper1, upper2, lower, style/sound selection, numeric keypad, harmony, tempo/data, enter, escape, sustain, rev/cho, tranpose b/#
lcd multifunction backlit display, lyrics on display (2 x 24 characters)
display
96 styles, 8 user (progr.), 4 variations, 5 tracks (drums, bass, acc 1, acc 2, acc 3)
styles
arranger on/off, lower memory, accomp/keyboard balance, var1/4, fade, fill A, fill, fillb/tap, key
styles control
start/stop/continue, start/stop, intro, ending
7 song style, 8 tracks recorder (upper 1, upper 2, lower, 5 tracks style), 16 tracks player, record,
sequencer
play/stop
song player compatibility standard midi files type 0, 1 and 1+ lyrics, gmx, wk3, pk7, word box® mk1
load, save, delete, format, utility, direct from disk, play all songs,
floppy disk
video out: rgb, s-vhs, computer (pc1, pc2, mac), midi in/out, damper pedal (optional) , volume
connections
pedal (optional), aux. out, phones, DC-12V in
upgradeable operating system via floppy disk, music stand included, DC adapter included
extras
6W + 6W, 2 ways, 4 speakers
amplification
980 x 145 x 350 mm/38,6’’ x 5,7’’ x 13,8’’
dimensions (l x h x d):
9,5 kg / 20,9 lbs
weight
keyboard
polyphony
sounds
memories
digital effect
operating mode
controls
WK1000 MIDI IMPLEMENTATION CHART
ʓ«i“i˜Ì>̈œ˜Ê
…>ÀÌ
>˜Õv>VÌÕÀiÀ\Êi˜iÀ>“ÕÈVÊ-°«°
.
Function
Basic
Channel
Mode
Note
Number
Velocity
After
Touch
Pit/Mod
Control
Change
Default
Changed
Default
Messages
Altered
True voice
Note ON
Note OFF
Key’s
Ch’s
œ`i\Ê7£äää
6iÀȜ˜\Ê£°ää
Transmitted
Recognized
1-16
1-16
1-16
1-16
Mode 3
Mode 3
X
X
*****
X
0-127
0-127
*****
o
o
o
o
x
x
x
o
o
o
0,32
Bank change
0,32
Bank change
4
Foot controller
1
Modulation
6,38
Data Entry
4
Foot controller
7
Volume
6,38
Data Entry
10
Pan
7
Volume
11
Expression Contr.
10
Pan
18,50† Oriental control
11
Expression Controller
64
Damper Pedal
16,48† Effects selection
66
Sustain
18,50† Oriental control
67
Soft pedal
64
Damper Pedal
91
Reverb depth
66
Sustain
93
Chorus depth
67
Soft pedal
98-99
NRPN
72
Attack time
100,101 RPN
73
Release time
74
Filter 1 cut-off freq.
91
Reverb depth
93
Chorus depth
98,99 NRPN
100,101 RPN
Cntrl 50 (ONE SHOT):
0†
Fill Equal-Plus-Minus
8†
Intro
16†
End
24-27† Variations 1-2-3-4
40†
Key start
59†
Fade
61†
Rotary slow/fast
66,67† Tempo inc. dec.
68,69† Performance inc. dec.
Remarks
1 MIDI IN; 1 THRU; OUT
EXTRA COMMON/CHORD CH.
true voice on banks 1 - 2 - 3 - 5 - 6
depend on selected sound
Bank change recognised on
common channel, only in reception:
Bank
P.change
32-43†
44-47†
48-55†
56-61†
62†
0-95
0-15
0-63
0-6
0-6
Internal styles.
Prog.Styles
Real time Perf.
Songs
Song Styles
Cntrl 51
ON [0,63] OFF[64,127]
0†
Fill Equal-Plus-Minus
8†
Intro
16†
End
32†
Harmony
33†
Arrange
37†
Arrange Memory
38†
Lower Memory
40†
Key start
48†
Single touch play
49†
Style Lock
51†
Tempo Lock
59,60 Fade in-out
61†
Rotary (OFF=slow)
0-127
Program
0-127
0-127
Change
True number
*****
System Exclusive
o
o
System
Song Position
x
x
Song Select
x
x
Common
Tune
x
x
System
Clock
o
o
Real Time
Commands
o
o
Aux
Active sensing
o
o
Messages
All Suond Off
o
o
Reset All Contr.
o
o
Local ON OFF
o
o
All Note Off
o
o
Notes
† These messages travel on the Common channel only
Start, Stop
Continue
o: YES x: NO
Mode 1 OMNI ON - POLY
Mode 2 OMNI ON - MONO
Mode 3 ONMI OFF - POLY
Mode 4 OMNI OFF - MONO
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
Note : This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to
Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this instrument does
cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the instrument off
and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
•Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
•Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
•Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver
is connected.
•Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
CAUTION : Changes or modifications to this product not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the
user’s authority to operate this product.
STOCK CODE 271445
Specifications are subject to change without prior notice
PRINTED IN CHINA
Generalmusic S.p.A. Via delle Rose, 12
47842 S.Giovanni in Marignano (RN) - Italy
Tel. +39 0541 959511Fax +39 0541 957404 www.generalmusic.com
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