HVR-A1N/A1P - Ls Audiovisuel

HVR-A1N/A1P - Ls Audiovisuel
Digital HD Video Camera Recorder
Expanding New HD Shooting
Opportunities with an Unprecedented Level
of Compactness and Mobility
– the HVR-A1E HDV 1080i Camcorder
In response to the ever-increasing demands for HD program production, Sony launched the
new high-definition recording system adopting the HDV 1080i specification of the
HDVTM format – the HVR-Z1 camcorder and HVR-M10 VTR – in 2004. Upon that
introduction, these products have rapidly acquired a huge reputation from a wide range of
customers due to their outstanding picture quality, stunning performance, and costeffectiveness. Sony has now expanded the HDV line-up by introducing the HVR-A1
camcorder to meet further evolving needs for HD acquisition.
The HVR-A1 is an extremely compact and lightweight handy-type camcorder, ideal for
applications where space is at a premium or extreme mobility is required. This camcorder
is equipped with a newly developed 1/3-inch type, 2.97-megapixel (total) CMOS sensor and
an all-new Enhanced Imaging ProcessorTM that optimizes the performance of the CMOS
sensor, providing outstanding high-definition picture quality.
In addition to HDV 1080i recording and playback, this camcorder offers the DVCAMTM/DV
recording and playback capabilities that are provided on current Sony DVCAM models. A
down-conversion capability of its 1080i recordings is also provided for a flexible choice of
production systems in HDV, DVCAM, or DV format.
Furthermore, the HVR-A1 incorporates a variety of convenient and professional features
such as XLR audio input, time code capability, various automatic shooting modes, and still
picture recording.
Available at an extremely affordable price, the HVR-A1 will be another powerful option for
HD field acquisition by all video professionals, bringing further broadened shooting
HDV 1080i Specification1
The HDV 1080i specification of the HDV format features
1,080 effective scanning lines (interlace scanning system) and
1,440 horizontal pixels. It adopts the MPEG-2 compression
format ([email protected] for video), which uses 8-bit digital
component recording with a sampling rate of 4:2:0.
MPEG-1 Audio Layer II is used as the audio compression
format, allowing for two-channel recording with a sampling
frequency of 48 kHz/16-bit. The HDV 1080i specification
provides high picture quality that can be used for HDTV
program production.
1 The HDV format also defines the HDV 720p specification, which features 720
effective scanning lines (progressive scanning system) and 1,280 horizontal pixels.
Track Pattern of the HDV 1080i Specification
Direction of tape travel
10 µm
Sub Code sector
MPEG-2 PES sector
of head motion
(Video + Audio + Search + AUX)
6.35 mm
(1/4 inch)
ITI sector
ITI: Insert and Track Information
PES: Packetized Elementary Stream
Compatible with Existing and
New DV Videocassette Tape
As a member of the proven DV family of formats, the HDV
format has, from the outset, been developed for
compatibility with all grades of DV videocassette tape.
This allows operators to use high-grade DV videocassette
tapes for applications where high robustness is critical, or
consumer-grade videocassette tapes for more economical
operations. For heavy-duty applications, a new high-grade
mini cassette tape has been developed; the DigitalMasterTM
PHDVM-63DM. This tape is compatible with the HDV,
DVCAM, and DV formats.
Long Recording Time
The HDV format adopts the same track pitch and tape speed
as the DV format, thus offering the same recording time
– a maximum of 63 minutes when recording on a
DigitalMaster mini cassette tape.
1/3-inch Type, 2.97-megapixel CMOS Sensor
The HVR-A1 incorporates one 1/3-inch type primary color
CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) sensor
with a total pixel number of 2.97 million and a 4:3 aspect
ratio, which has been developed based on Sony’s many years
of experience in developing imaging devices.
This CMOS sensor can produce high-quality images with high
sensitivity and low noise levels, which is superior to most of
traditional CMOS sensors due to advantages such as its unique
pixel design, which optimizes the photo-sensor area in each
pixel, and advanced noise reduction technique. Another key
advantage of this CMOS sensor is its high-speed processing
capability. Since data captured using a single CMOS sensor for
high-definition format recording is extremely large, it would
take considerable time to transfer and process by traditional
methods. With the Sony CMOS sensor, such large data can be
processed at an incredibly high speed thanks to its flexible
multi-channel readout structure. Use of the CMOS sensor also
allows even large amounts of HD-resolution data to be
processed with amazingly low power requirements, thus
making the camcorder’s overall size extremely compact. Lastly,
CMOS sensors eliminate vertical smear, even though the pixel
size is small.
Enhanced Imaging Processor (EIP)
The EIP is Sony’s newly developed image processing IC
intended for high-speed processing of large amounts of data
captured by the CMOS sensor. In addition, the EIP employs
the unique algorithm that first separates image data into
texture patterns and brightness components and then
processes these two elements independently. This makes it
possible to have high details in the blacks as well as in
brightly illuminated areas of the picture, delivering a clear
image with a wide dynamic range even under backlight
Combined use of the EIP and CMOS sensor allows the
camcorder to provide extremely high image quality with a
high level of gradation and detailed image reproduction.
2 Available when the new Backlight Compensation function is activated.
Optical 10x Carl Zeiss Vario-Sonnar T*
Zoom Lens
The HVR-A1 is equipped with the new Carl Zeiss Vario-Sonnar
T*® high-definition lens with 10x zoom function. Its fully
coated glass is the same as used on Carl Zeiss prime lenses,
producing sharp, high-contrast images, with virtually no
chromatic aberration.
Electronic Super SteadyShot™ System
The Super SteadyShotTM system used in the HVR-A1 detects
horizontal and vertical movements and electronically
compensates for unsteady camera handling. The active image
area (the number of pixels used) in the CMOS sensor is
automatically adjusted for the Super SteadyShot system to
achieve the best performance at each zoom position.
Full Scan Mode
The HVR-A1 camcorder offers a Full Scan mode, which allows
the camcorder to capture images with the resolution of
approximately two million pixels at every zoom position when
the Super SteadyShot™ system is off. With this mode, images
of higher picture quality can be obtained.
Switchable Recording and Playback
– HDV 1080i/DVCAM/DV3
Still Picture Recording to
Memory Stick Duo Media
The HVR-A1 can switch between HDV 1080i, DVCAM, and DV
recording, providing full flexibility to record in either standard
or high-definition format depending on production needs.
The HVR-A1 incorporates a high-resolution digital camera
function. Thanks to the 2.97-megapixel CMOS sensor, still
pictures with 1,920 x 1,440 pixels can be recorded to Memory
Stick DuoTM media. Still pictures can be captured by pressing
the dedicated ‘Photo’ button, and this can be done even when
recording video to tape, without any interruptions. In addition,
any desired video frame recorded on tape can be captured as a
still image with 1,440 x 810 pixels5 and recorded onto Memory
Stick Duo media after video shooting.
3 The HVR-A1 supports DV SP mode only; no support for DV LP mode.
Down-conversion Playback Capabilities
The HVR-A1 can convert material from 1080i down to 576i or
480i, and output these video signals through its i.LINKTM4
interface. In addition, these signals can also be output via
either analog component, composite, or S-Video connectors.
This allows editing of recorded material with a nonlinear
editing system using current DV editing software as well as
recording SD signals to an external VTR, while simultaneously
recording HDV signals with the HVR-A1. The HVR-A1 can also
down-convert to 576P or 480P and output these signals
through its analog component video connectors.
5 When captured from a tape recorded in the HDV format.
Resolution of Still Pictures
Resolution of Still Pictures
Still Picture Mode
Video Recording Mode
Video Playback Mode
1920 x 1440 (4:3)
1440 x 1080 (4:3)
1080 x 810 (4:3)
640 x 480 (4:3)
1920 x 1080 (16:9)
1440 x 810 (16:9)
640 x 360 (16:9)
When down-converting these signals, the aspect ratio
displayed can be converted from 16:9 to 4:3. Display modes
can be selected from Squeeze, Letterbox, or Edge crop.
16:9 Widescreen Acquisition in DVCAM and
DV Formats
4 i.LINK is a trademark of Sony used only to designate that a product contains
an IEEE 1394 connector. Not all products with an i.LINK connector will
necessarily communicate with each other. For information on compatibility,
operating conditions, and proper connection, please refer to the documentation
supplied with any device with an i.LINK connector. For information on devices
that include an i.LINK connection, please contact your nearest Sony office.
The HVR-A1 is capable of native 16:9 widescreen image
capturing, with a high resolution of 720 x 576 pixels (PAL) or
720 x 480 pixels (NTSC) in DVCAM and DV formats, and
providing true 16:9 images in Standard Definition.
i.LINK Interface
DVCAM/DV (4:3)
HDV 1080i (16:9)
Edge crop
Recording, Playback and Down-conversion Formats
60i Mode (NTSC)
Down Conversion
480/60p (16:9/4:3)
480/60i (16:9/4:3)
480/60i (16:9) 480/60i (16:9/4:3)
480/60i (4:3) 480/60i (4:3)
Component Composite S-Video
50i Mode (PAL)
Down Conversion
576/50p (16:9/4:3)
576/50i (16:9/4:3)
576/50i (16:9) 576/50i (16:9/4:3)
576/50i (4:3) 576/50i (4:3)
Composite S-Video Component Composite S-Video
● : Available
: Either 1 or 2 connection is available. When both are connected to cables, the 1 connection has a priority.
The HVR-A1 is equipped with a 4-pin i.LINK interface. This
allows for on-cable digital transfer6 of audio, video, and
command signals to a connected, compatible VTR or nonlinear
editing system in the HDV, DVCAM, and DV formats.
6 Insert and assemble editing using HDV material is not recommended with the
2-channel XLR Audio Input
The HVR-A1 provides two XLR audio input connectors for
connecting professional microphones or for feeding an
external-line audio source. Phantom power of approx. 48 V
can be supplied for the external condenser microphone.
INPUT 1 audio can be recorded on CH1 only, or on both CH1
and CH2 audio tracks, with easy selection via a switch.
The HVR-A1 also comes equipped with two types of
microphones; an external directional microphone and a builtin stereo microphone.
HD Codec Engine
The HVR-A1 employs the highly advanced HD Codec EngineTM
feature, which efficiently compresses base band HD signal
data at approx. 25 Mb/s with MPEG-2 compression, while
maintaining optimal HD quality.
Designed for reduced energy
consumption, this powerful digital
signal processor fits perfectly inside
the compact and streamlined body
of the HVR-A1.
2-channel Independent Audio Record Level
Control with Audio Level Meter
Each input level for CH1
and CH2 can be
independently adjusted and
viewed with an audio level
meter on the LCD monitor.
Compact and Lightweight Design
Zoom/Focus Ring
The HVR-A1 features an extremely compact and lightweight
body, providing an unprecedented level of mobility in HD field
acquisition. The camcorder itself weighs only 670 g (1 lb 7
oz)7 and just 1.3 kg (2 lb 14 oz) including the lens hood, XLR
audio adaptor, directional microphone,
NP-QM91D InfoLITHIUMTM Rechargeable Battery
Pack, and PHDVM-63DM DigitalMaster Mini
Cassette Tape.
Built-in Stereo Microphone
BACK LIGHT Compensation Button
Zoom Buttons
16:9, Color/Black-and-white Switchable LCD
The 0.44-inch type color LCD viewfinder displays highresolution color pictures of approx. 252,000 pixels in a
widescreen aspect ratio of 16:9. Operators can select to
display pictures in either color or black and white to match
the user’s preference.
2.7-inch7 Type, 16:9 Widescreen, Hybrid, Color
LCD Monitor
The HVR-A1 includes a 2.7-inch type color LCD monitor with
a high resolution of approx. 123,200 pixels, which allows the
input source to be viewed during recording or the playback
picture to be checked on location in a widescreen aspect ratio
of 16:9. This large screen is also helpful in setting menus or
audio recording levels, as well as monitoring the camera and
audio status. The hybrid LCD monitor used in the camcorder
combines the characteristics of both transmissive and
reflective LCD panels, providing clear viewing even in bright
daylight conditions as well as in dark conditions.
This LCD monitor also provides touch-panel control for easy
7 Viewable area, measured diagonally
Variety of Zoom Operation
The HVR-A1 provides four types of zoom control functions to
offer diverse shooting styles:
● “Zoom lever” located on the camera body
● “Zoom/focus ring” located on the lens body – allows fine
adjustments in zoom position
● “Zoom buttons” located on the LCD monitor – convenient
for low-angle shooting
● Supplied wireless Remote Commander unit
DC IN Jack
A/V OUT Jack
Exposure Lever/Button
HDV/DV Interface (i.LINK) Jack
USB Jack
Tele Macro
The Tele Macro function allows operators to capture a macro
image from a distance, which is especially useful for shooting
small moving objects. With this function, close-up images can
be shot without the camcorder casting a shadow on the
subject. In addition, the image of the subject is shot in proper
focus, while the background is unfocussed, allowing the
subject to stand out.
Conventional Macro
Tele Macro
Images Simulated
Exposure Lever
The HVR-A1 enables exposure control both manually and
automatically. The Exposure Lever provides two types of
exposure control:
● Manual exposure control to manually change exposure
settings using the Exposure Lever.
● AE (Auto Exposure) Shift function to adjust AE level by 15
steps using the Exposure Lever, while the AE mode is
activated, for more accurate automatic exposure settings.
New Backlight Compensation
The new Backlight Compensation function allows the
HVR-A1 to produce natural and rich tones for both light and
dark areas of an image under backlight conditions.
Conventional systems of backlight compensation tend to
make the details in light areas sacrificed, but the new
Backlight Compensation function of the HVR-A1 can deliver
superior images with a very wide dynamic range by increasing
only the brightness of dark areas while properly retaining the
brightness of light areas.
Histogram Indicator
2-channel XLR Audio Connectors
The Histogram Indicator for brightness can be displayed on
the LCD monitor and viewfinder, allowing operators to easily
evaluate the brightness of currently captured images for
proper exposure.
Distribution Quantity
Zoom Lever
PHOTO Button
Brightness Level
Images Simulated
Shot Transition
“Memory Stick Duo” Slot
Four types of markers can be displayed on the LCD monitor
and viewfinder, and can be displayed simultaneously:
The Shot TransitionTM function allows for smooth automatic
scene transitions. The operator can program start and end
settings for zoom, focus, and white balance into the A/B
buttons and, by pressing the start button, a smooth transition
will take place according to the set time, because the camera
automatically calculates the intermediate values during the
scene transition. The start of this function can be
synchronized with the camera’s REC start function. The
transition progress can be checked using an indicator
displayed on the LCD monitor. In addition, a start timer
function is also available for the Shot Transition function,
helping to prevent operators from missing a shot.
This function is very useful when complex camera settings are
required during the scene transition – for example, when
shooting subjects moving from the background to the
foreground of a scene.
Cinema-like Image Shooting
Images Simulated
Assign Button
A function frequently used in the field can be assigned to the
Assign Button (push button), located on the right side of the
camera body, allowing operators to make rapid changes
under field conditions. The assignable functions include
Status Check, Super SteadyShot, One Push Auto White
Balance, Histogram Indicator, and Color Bars (two types).
Time Code Preset
The time code can be preset using any number in H/M/S/F
(hours/minutes/seconds/frames) to record desired tape-position
information. The time-code mode can be selected between
“REC RUN” and “FREE RUN”. In addition to the time code,
user bits can also be set.
Two powerful features to produce cinematic and film-like
pictures are provided on the HVR-A1. The Cinematone
Gamma™ feature allows operators to quickly set up and load
a gamma curve with similar contrast characteristic to a film
gamma curve. The Cineframe™ feature allows picture
movement to be reproduced like a film of 25 frames/s.
Long Operating Time
With the optional NP-QM91D InfoLITHIUM Rechargeable
Battery Pack attached, the HVR-A1 can continuously record in
HDV mode for up to 300 minutes, or up to 340 minutes in
DVCAM/DV mode.
Battery Life
Recording Time*
With LCD
Viewfinder On
With LCD
Monitor On**
With LCD Viewfinder
and Monitor On**
NP-FM50 (supplied) 80 min
90 min
75 min
90 min
70 min
80 min
NP-QM71D (optional) 200 min 225 min 195 min 220 min 180 min 200 min
NP-QM91D (optional) 300 min 340 min 295 min 330 min 275 min 300 min
* Continuous recording time, indoors at 25C°.
**With LCD backlight on
❚ Simultaneous Operation of LCD Monitor and
❚ Personal Menu - allows operators to customize the setting
menu to display frequently used menu items.
❚ Expanded Focus - magnifies the center of the screen on
the LCD monitor and viewfinder to about twice the size,
helping manual focusing.
❚ Battery Info - displays the attached battery’s current
charge level and its current remaining recording time on the
LCD monitor with the touch of a button, when the power is
turned off.
❚ Peaking - enhances the outline of the image where the
camera focuses on most, and displays the enhanced outline
with color in the LCD monitor and viewfinder, helping
manual focusing.
❚ Zebra - displays a striped pattern in the LCD monitor and
viewfinder across highlight areas, helping manual exposure
settings (100% or 70 to 100% (adjustable by 5% steps)).
❚ Quick REC - shortens the time until the recording starts
from stop mode.
❚ Status Check - displays camera setting menus for audio,
output signal, assign button and exposure lever functions
and hours meter on the LCD monitor with the touch of a
button for easy check.
❚ Super Night ShotTM - allows operators to capture images
in black and white using a built-in infrared light, even in no
light conditions.
❚ Skin Tone Detail - reduces detailed signal for skin color,
smoothening the reproduction of human skin.
❚ Black Stretch - allows more contrast to be seen in dark
parts of the picture without affecting mid-tones while
maintaining the absolute black level.
❚ Color Bar - Two types
❚ White Balance - Auto, One Push Auto, Indoor (3200 K),
and Outdoor (5800 K)
InfoLITHIUM Rechargeable
Battery Pack
InfoLITHIUM Rechargeable
Battery Pack (NP-QM91D x 2)
2.0x Tele Conversion Lens
0.7x Wide Conversion Lens
Hard Carrying Case
3m Component Video Cable
3m Multi AV Cable (with S Video)
DigitalMaster Mini Cassette Tape
LANC Remote Controller
UHF Synthesized Wireless
Microphone Package
Tripod with RM-1BP
*When the NP-QM91D battery pack is attached to the HVR-A1, the battery pack protrudes past the viewfinder.
Camera section
Carl Zeiss Vario-Sonnar T* zoom lens, 10x (optical),
f = 5.1 to 51 mm
f = 40 to 400 mm in 16:9 mode and 49.3 to 493 mm in 4:3 mode (full scan mode on)*
f = 41 to 480 mm in 16:9 mode and 50 to 590 mm in 4:3 mode (full scan mode off)*
f = 40 to 400 mm in 16:9 mode and 37 to 370 mm in 4:3 mode (still picture mode)*
f = 1.8 to 2.1, filter diameter: 37 mm
Auto, manual, spot focus (touch panel control)
1-chip, 1/3-inch type primary color CMOS sensor
Approx. 2,969,000 pixels (total)
1/3, 1/6, 1/12, 1/25, 1/50, 1/60, 1/100, 1/120, 1/150, 1/215, 1/300, 1/425, 1/600, 1/1000, 1/1250, 1/1750, 1/2500, 1/3500,
1/6000, 1/10000 s
7 lx with F1.8
Imaging device
Picture elements
Shutter speed
Minimum illumination
VTR section
Recording format
Play out/Down conversion format
Tape speed
Playback/Recording time
Fast forward/Rewind time
Input/Output connectors
Audio/Video input/output
A/V OUT jack, 10-pin connector
Composite video: 1 Vp-p, 75 Ω unbalanced, sync negative
Y: 1 Vp-p, 75 Ω unbalanced, sync negative
C: 0.3 Vp-p, 75 Ω unbalanced
Audio: 327 mV, input impedance more than 47 kΩ, output impedance less than 2.2 kΩ
Y: 1 Vp-p (0.3 V, sync negative), 75 Ω unbalanced
Pr/Pb (Cr/Cb): 525 mVp-p (75% color bar)
i.LINK interface (IEEE 1394, 4-pin connector S100)
XLR 3-pin female x 2, 327 mV, -60 dBu: 3 kΩ, +40 dBu: 10.8 kΩ, power supply: approx. 48 V
Stereo minijack (φ3.5 mm) x 1
Minijack x 1, 0.388 mV, low impedance with DC 2.5 to 3.0 V, output impedance 6.8 kΩ (φ3.5 mm), stereo type
Stereo mini-minijack (φ2.5 mm) x 1
Mini-B x 1
Component video output
HDV/DV input/output
XLR audio input
Built-in input/output devices
LCD viewfinder
LCD monitor
Power requirements
Power consumption
1080/50i, 576/50i (PAL);1080/60i, 480/60i (NTSC)
1080/50i, 576/50i, 576/50P (PAL); 1080/60i, 480/60i, 480/60P (NTSC)
Max. 18.812 mm/s with PHDVM-63DM cassette
Max. 28.218 mm/s with PHDVM-63DM cassette
Max. 63 min with PHDVM-63DM cassette
Max. 41 min with PHDVM-63DM cassette
Approx. 2 min 40 s with PHDVM-63DM cassette (using a fully charged battery)
Approx. 1 min 45 s with PHDVM-63DM cassette (using an AC adaptor)
0.44-inch type, approx. 252,000 (1120 x 225) pixels , hybrid type, 16:9 aspect ratio
2.7-inch type, approx. 123,200 (560 x 220) pixels, hybrid type, 16:9 aspect ratio
Stereo type, noise reduction on/off
φ16 mm
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
Supplied accessories
Approx. 670 g (1 lb 7 oz) (camcorder only)
DC 7.2 V (battery pack), DC 8.4 V (AC adaptor)
Approx. 5.6 W (recording mode with LCD viewfinder on)
Approx. 5.1 W (recording mode with LCD viewfinder on)
0 to 40 °C (32 to 104 °K)
-20 to +60 °C (-4 to 140 °K)
AC-L15 AC adaptor, power code, NP-FM50 InfoLITHIUM rechargeable battery pack, lens hood with lens cover, RMT-831
wireless Remote Commander unit, A/V connecting cable with S video, component video cable, USB cable, Memory Stick Duo
(16 MB), Memory Stick Duo adaptor, ECM-NV1 monaural electret condenser microphone, XLR audio adaptor, shoulder strap,
operating instructions
* These values are calculated to be equivalent to the 35 mm film.
230.1 (9 1/8)
313.7 (12 3/8)
68.9 (2 3/4)
134.7 (5 3/8)
78.9 (3 1/8)
88.1 (3 1/2)
102.7 (4 1/8)
174.8 (7)
125.1 (5)
unit: mm (inches)
Distributed by
© 2005 Sony Corporation. All rights reserved.
Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited.
Features and specifications are subject to change without notice.
All non-metric weights and measurements are approximate.
Sony, DVCAM, Memory Stick Duo, DigitalMaster, Enhanced Imaging
Processor, SteadyShot, HD Codec Engine, i.LINK, InfoLITHIUM, Remote
Commander, Shot Transition, Cinematone Gamma, Cineframe, and
Night Shot are trademarks of Sony Corporation.
HDV and the HDV logo are trademarks of Sony Corporation and Victor
Company of Japan, Limited.
Vario-Sonnar T* is a trademark of Carl Zeiss AG.
Printed in Hong Kong
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