1957 - Province of British Columbia
Minister of Mines
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
ANNUAL REPORT
For the Year Ended 31st December
1957
Printed by DoN McDIARMID, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majest'
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1958
BRITISH COLUMBIA DEPARTMENT OF MINES
VICTORIA, B.C.
Minister.
JoHN F. WALKER, Deputy Minister.
H. C. HuGHES, Chief Inspector of Mines.
G. CAVE-BROWNE-CAVE, Chief Analyst and Assayer.
HARTLEY SARGENT, Chief, Mineralogical Branch.
P. J. MULCAHY, Chief Gold Commissioner and Chief Commisdoner,
Petroleum and Natural Gas.
J. D. LINEHAM, Chief, Petroleum and Natural Gas Conservation Branch.
HoN. W.
K.
KIERNAN,
To His Honour FRANK MACKENZIE Ross, C.M.G., M.C., LL.D.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
MAY IT PLEASE YOUR HONOUR:
-
The Annual Report of the Mining Industry of the Province for the year 1957 is
herewith respectfully submitted.
W. K. KIERNAN,
Minister of Mines.
Minister of Mines' Office,
May, 1958.
Cecil George Hewlett, Associate Geologist with the British
Columbia Department of Mines, fell from the headwall of a glacial
cirque and was killed instantly on August 14th, 1957. The accident occurred on Monument Peak, in the Purcell Mountains west
of Invermere within the Mineral King mine area where, with a
field assistant, Dr. Hewlett was engaged in geological mapping.
Dr. Hewlett is survived by his father, mother, and two sisters, his
wife, Catharine, and their sons, John Phillip, born in November,
1956, and Andrew Cecil, born in February, 1958.
Dr. Hewlett was born in Kelowna in 1926 and received his
schooling there and in England. He obtained a B.A.Sc. degree in
geological engineering from the UniversitY of British Columbia in
1949, an M.Sc. from Queen's University, and a Ph.D. from the
University of Wisconsin in 1954. In the course of his training he
spent one summer with the Geological Survey of Canada and five
summers with New Jersey Zinc Company. He joined the staff of
the Department of Mines as Assistant Geologist in 1953, and became Associate Geologist in 1956. In 1956 he became a member
of the British Columbia Association of Professional Engineers.
He was named the winner of the Peacock Memorial Prize in 1956,
given for the best Canadian scientific paper on pure or applied
mineralogy. From 1952 to 1956 he was associated with J. T.
Fyles in detailed mapping in the Salmo-Pend d'Oreille River area,
south of Nelson. He had started geological mapping in the Mineral
King mine area at the beginning of the 1957 field season.
CONTENTS
PAGE
A7
AS
INTRODUCTION
REVIEW OF THE MINERAL INDUSTRY~~~
STATISTICs--
Method of Computing Production ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Table I.-Total Mineral Production for All Years Up to and Including 1957
Table H.-Production for Each Year from 1836 to 1957, Inclusive~~~~~~~~~~~~~--~~
Table IlL-Quantity and Value of Mineral Products for Years 1948 to 1957
Table IV (Graph) .-Mineral Production Value, 1895-1957 ~~~~~~~~~~~-~~~~~~~~-~~~
Table V (Graph).-Principal Lode-metals Production, 1913-57~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~~~~
Table VI.-Production of Principal Metals, 1858-1957 ~-~-~~-~ ~~-~~~~~~~-~-~~~~~~~-~~~~
Table VIIA.-Production, 1956 and 1957, by Mining Divisions-Summary_~~
Table Vllu.-Production, 1956 and 1957, by Mining Divisions-Principal
Lode Metals ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~-~~~~~-~-~-~-~~~~~~~~~-~~-~~~~~~-~~~~-~-~-~-~~~~~~~~~~-~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~Table V!Ic.-Production, 1956 and 1957, by Mining Divisions-Miscellaneous Metals ~~~ ~~~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~-~~~~~~~~~~
-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~--~~~
Table VIID.-Production, 1956 and 1957, by Mining Divisions-Industrial
Minerals ~~~~~-~~ ~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~- ~~~~~~-~-~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~-~~~~-~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~--~-~-~~-~-~~
Table VIIE.-Production, 1956 and 1957, by Mining Divisions-Structural
Materials ~~-~~~~~~~-~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~~~~~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~-~~
Table VIIIA.-Production to Date by Mining Divisions-SummarY~~--~~~~~~~~~~~
Table VIIIu.-Production to Date by Mining Divisions-Principal Lode
Metals -~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~~~~~~-~-~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~-~~-~~~~-~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~-~~~~-~----~~Table VIIIc.-Production to Date by Mining Divisions-Miscellaneous
Metals ~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~-~-~~ ~~~~~-~ ~~~~~~-~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ _~~-~-~-~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~-~-~
Table VIIID.-Production to Date by Mining Divisions-Industrial Minerals
Table VIIIE.-Production to Date by Mining Divisions-Structural Materials
Table IXA.-Quantity (Gross) and Value of Coal per Year to Date~~-~~-~-~~-~~~~
Table IXu.-Coal Production (Gross) by Districts and Mining Divisions~~~~~~~
Table IXc.-Quantity and Value of Coal Sold and Used, 1947-57.~~~~-~~-~~~~-~~
Table X.-Coke and By-products Production for Years 1895 to 1925 and
1926 to 1957 ~-~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~~~~~~~~-~~~~~~-~~-~~~~~~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~-~~~-Table XI.-Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1957~~~~~--~--~~~~~~-~~~
Table XII.-Principal Items of Expenditure, Reported for Mining Operations
of All Classes ~~~ ~-~~~~~ -~~ ~~~~~~~-~~-~~~~-~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~-~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~-~~~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~-~~~~~~~~-~~-Table XIII.-Average Number Employed in the Mining Industry, 1901-1957
Table XIV.-Lode-metal Mines-Tonnage, Number of Mines, Net and Gross
Value of Principal Metals, 1901-57 ~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~-~-~~~~~~-~~~~
Table XV.-Lode-metal Producers in 1957~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~-~~-~~~~~-~--~Table XVI.-Lode-metal Mines Employing an Average of Ten or More Men
during 19 57 ~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~-~~~~-~-~-~~~~~~~~~-~~~--~~
DEPARTMENTAL WORK ~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~
Administration Branch~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~-~~~~~~~~~-~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Central Records Offices (Victoria and Vancouver)~~~~~~~~~--~~~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Mining Divisions Amalgamated since 1949
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~---~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~
List of Gold Commissioners~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~~~~~~-~
Gold Commissioners' and Mining Recorders' Office Statistics, 1957.~~~-~~~
Coal, Petroleum and Natural Gas~~~~-~~~~~-~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Mining Laws and Laws Relating to the Mineral Industry~~~~~~~~-~~-~-~~~~-~~~~~
Analytical and Assay Branch_~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~-~~-~-~-~~-~~~~~~-~~-~~~~~
Inspection Branch ~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~-~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~-~~~~~~~-~~~~~
Mineralogical Branch ~ -~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~~~- ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~~~~~-~~~~
~~~~-~~~~~~~~~-~~A 5
A 10
A 14
A 14
A 15
A 17
A 18
A 19
A 21
A 22
A 23
A 24
A 25
A 26
A 27
A
A
A
A
A
A
28
30
32
33
33
34
A 35
A 36
A 40
A 41
A 42
A 43
A 48
A 49
A 49
A 49
A 50
A 50
A 51
A 52
A 53
A 53
A 56
A 57
'
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
A 6
DEPARTMENTAL
WORK-Continued
PAGE
Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch____
________________
-------- _________
Grub-staking Prospectors _
____________
______ ____
________________________
Museums
Rock and Mineral Specimens ________________
_________________ -------------------Publications
-----------------------______________
Maps Showing Mineral Claims, Placer Claims, and Placer-mining Leases ______
Joint Offices of the British Columbia Department of Mines and the Depart_________________
ment of Mines and Technical Surveys, Canada______
A
A
A
A
A
A
58
59
60
60
61
61
A 61
62
63
Geological Survey of Canada _____________
________ ___
_____________________ A 63
Field Work by the Geological Survey in British Columbia, 1957 ____________ A 63
Publications of the Geological Survey______
_________________ A 64
_________________
_______________ A 64
Mines Branch _
LODE METALS
---------------- -----------I
73
STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
76
PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS.
-----------------96
INSPECTION OF LoDE MINES, PLACER MINES, AND QUARRIES . --------------- -------------103
COAL --------------------------------------------119
INSPECTION OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND INSTALLATIONS_
--------------147
LODE METAL DEPOSITS REFERRED TO IN THE 1957 ANNUAL REPORT
_____________
!57
TOPOGRAPHIC MAPPING AND AIR PHOTOGRAPHY..
DEPARTMENT OF MINES AND TECHNICAL SURVEYS
----------····· --------------------- A
--------------- A
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
PHOTOGRAPHS
The "Bird Cages " in old Victoria_ . ________ ___
A 55
The original Legislative Assembly building, with one added wing, on the lawn of the
Parliament Buildings _
. ___________
____________________ A 55
Bethlehem Copper Corporation Ltd., Highland Valley_______
_____ ________ _______________
25
Trojan Consolidated Mines Ltd., Highland Valley.
___________________
25
Victoria shaft and ore-bins of the Granby company, Phoenix, in 1907
39
39
Victoria shaft, Phoenix, just before the headframe was demolished in 1957______________
The Heinze smelter on the Columbia River at the mouth of Trail Creek in 1896____
42
42
The Trail smelter and metallurgical works, 1949 ------------------------------- _____________________
Rawhiding ore at the True Fissure, Lardeau, 1914
_____________ ____________
55
The Noble Five aerial tram-line at Cody in 1952, the last year it was operated_______
55
Cement works at Bamberton, under construction in 1912
_______________
89
British Columbia Cement Company Limited plant at Bamberton to-day _______________
89
The McMahon plant at Taylor and Westcoast Transmission Company Umited
pipe-line right of centre________
--------------------------------------------------------98
Huntingdon metering station, the southern end of the Westcoast natural-gas pipe____________________________ ----------------------- ____________
98
line
FIGURil
I. McLeese-Cuisson Lakes area
DRAWINGS
___________________
_______________________ _ 15
____________
______________ _ 19
2. Takomkane Mountain .
3. Cowichan Copper Co. Ltd.-" E" zone on 1340 level and possible extension on
1100 level _______ -------------------______________
-------------- _________________ _ 70
4. Average dust counts obtained each year since 1937 ___ _
114
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MINISTER
OF MINES, 1957
Introduction
A Report of the Minister of Mines of the Province of British Columbia has been
published each year since 1874.
The Annual Report records the salient facts in the progress of the mineral industry,
also much detail about individual operations, including those undertaken in the search
for, exploration of, and development of mineral deposits, as well as the actual winning
of material from mineral deposits.
The Annual Report of the Minister of Mines now contains introductory sections
dealing with Statistics and Departmental Work, followed by sections dealing with Lode
Metals; Placer; Structural Materials and Industrial Minerals; Petroleum and Natural Gas;
Inspection of Lode Mines, Placer Mines, and Quarries; Coal; and Inspection of Electrical
Equipment and Installations at Mines and Quarries, each with its own table of contents.
A table listing the properties described, in geographic groupings, precedes the index.
An introductory review of the mineral industry and notes at the first of several of
the main sections deal generally with the industry or its principal subdivisions. Notes in
the various sections deal briefly with exploration or production operations during the
year or describe a property in more complete detail, outlining the history of past work and
the geological setting as well as describing the workings and the mineral deposits exposed
in them. Some notes deal with areas rather than with a single property.
The work of the branches of the Department is outlined briefly in the section on
Departmental Work. This section is followed by notes dealing briefly with the work of
other British Columbia or Federal Government services of particular interest to the
mineral industry of British Columbia. Information concerning mine operations and
some of the activities of the Inspection Branch of the Department of Mines is contained
in the section on Inspection of Lode Mines, Placer Mines, and Quarries, early in the
section on Coal and in the section on Inspection of Electrical Equipment and Installations
at Mines and Quarries.
The section on Statistics begins with an outline of current and past practice in
arriving at quantities and calculating the value of the various products.
A7
Review of the Mineral Industry
Columbia, 1957
tn
British
The end of 1957 was the eve of British Columbia's centennial, but the centennial of
the mining industry was some years earlier. Coal was mined on Vancouver Island for
twenty-two years before 1858, the year of establishment of the colony of British Columbia.
Available records do not give the yearly production, but show a total of 41,871long tons
of coal, valued at $149,548, mined from 1836 to 1859. Placer-gold production started
with the rush of 1858 and in the first year was valued at $705,000. The production of
placer gold increased rapidly each year until 1865, when it reached its maximum of
$3,491,205. The early mining of coal and placer gold made a major contribution to the
economy, and the search for placer led to the rapid exploration of much of the colony.
Mining in its various forms has continued to be of prime economic importance for the
past I 00 years, and still performs the necessary pioneer function of opening up distant
parts of the Province. By 1957 tbe list of products of the mineral industry included
a dozen metals, nine industrial minerals, a dozen structural materials, and three fuels,
with a combined value exceeding $172,000,000. The accumulated value for the first
100 years amounts to $3,900,000,000, and it is apparent that the 4-billion-dollar mark
will be passed well before the end of 1958, British Columbia's centennial year.
The combined value of all mineral products for 1957 is well below that for 1956,
although it has been exceeded only in that year and in two others, 1951 and 1955. This
was largely because prices for most of the principal metals were lower than for 1956 and
several metal mines were forced to close or to reduce their output. As a result, the value
for principal metals was below the average of recent years, and was $23,000,000 less
than the record achieved in 1956. Increased output of industrial minerals and structural
materials offset some of this loss, however, and the aggregate value of all mineral production, although about $17,800,000 less than for 1956, was greater than the last fiveyear average. The relative importance of the various groups of products in 1957 is shown
by the percentages of the total value as follows, with the average of the five preceding
years in parentheses: Principal metals, 65 (74) per cent; miscellaneous metals, 7.4 (8)
per cent; industrial minerals, 7.7 (3.5) per cent; structural materials, 15 (9) per cent;
fuels, 4.9 (5.6) per cent.
The complete figures for prices, quantities, and values are tabulated on pages A 13
to A 48.
The metal-mining branch of the industry produces for an international market at
world metal prices. British Columbia sales are affected directly by prices in the United
States and by the value of United States money in terms of Canadian money. Throughout the year United States money was at a discount in Canada. Settlements for all metals
reflect the rate of exchange, which ranged from just over 3 per cent to just under 6 per
cent. The average discount for the year was about 4.2 per cent.
The price of copper moved downward during the year. The price for electrolytic
copper at refineries in eastern United States fell from an average of 33.337 cents for
January to 22.418 cents for December. Lead and zinc prices in the United States were
stable for the first four months of 1957, then fell fairly steeply in May and June, lead
losing 2 cents a pound and zinc 3;6 cents. Later lead lost an additional cent. The price
for silver in the United States changed very slightly; some other metal prices changed
markedly, notably tungsten ore, fa~ which the December market price was about half
the January price.
A 8
REVIEW OF THE MINERAL INDUSTRY
A9
Prices have rellected uncertainty about stock-piling and stock-piled metal in the
United States and Great Britain. The prospects in the United States are for cessation or
greatly reduced buying of metal for stockpiling, and in Great Britain a limited sale of
stockpiled copper was announced in 1956. Prices also rellect metal supplied in excess
of curtent demand, and important producers have curtailed production.
British Columbia's output of placer gold fell to the lowest point since the beginning
of the industry. Lode-gold production was greater than in 1956, mainly because of
increased output in the Bridge River district. The closing of copper and silver-lead-zinc
operations affected the output of those metals. Copper was reduced drastically, silver
and lead were reduced slightly, but the output of zinc increased slightly, and a new quantity record was set, although the value was some $8,000,000 less than in 1956. Export
of iron ore was mainly in the last live months of the year, when shipments were resumed
by Texada Mines Ltd. and Empire Development Company began shipping.
Lode-metal development and exploration were carried on actively in many parts of
the Province. Preparations by Western Nickel Limited for production, ncar Hope; continued diamond drilling by Climax Molybdenum Company, a! the molybdenum deposit
on Takomkane {Boss) Mountain; and the activities of several large companies exploring
for copper in the Highland Valley-Merritt area are worthy of note,
Exploration included airborne magnetometer surveys by several companies and by
the British Columbia Department of Mines. Work for the Department was done with
fixed-wing aircraft and helicopter in areas on Vancouver and Texada Islands known to
contain deposits of magnetite (see B.C. Dept. of Mines, Airborne Magnetometer SurVeys,
1956-57, published May, 1958). Exploration undertaken by several companies also
showed interest in iron ores.
Industrial-mineral and structural-materials production both achieved new records,
mainly because of materially increased output of asbestos, sulphur, cement, sand and
gravel. Sulphur has been entirely a by-product of lode-metal mining, bnt recovery of
sulphur from sour natural gas was started late in 1957 at Taylor. This sulphur was
stockpiled and is not credited in 1957 production figures. Production of most structural
materials was at a high level, and provision has been made for greatly increased production of Portland cement. The capacity of the plant of the British Columbia Cement
Company at Bamberton was increased to 3,500,000 barrels a year, effective in August,
and Lafarge Cement of North America Ltd. built a plant on Lulu Island that began
operating early in 1958.
Petroleum production in British Columbia began in June, 1956. At the end of that
year six wells were pro<lucing in the Boundary Lake field and four in the Fort St. John
field. By the end of 1957 a total of eighteen wells had heen produced-ten from the
Triassic Schooler Creek formation in the Boundary Lake field, four from the Triassic
" C " formation, one from the Permo-Pennsylvanian, one from the basal Gething at
Fort St. John, and two from the Nikanassin formation at Buick Creek. All these wells
were within about 40 miles of Fort St. John, and all shipped to the XL refinery at
Dawson Creek.
To the end of October, natural-gas production was for use in the village of Fort St.
John. However, the Westcoast Transmission Company pipe-line to the Vancouver area
and the International Boundary was completed and in service in November. At Taylor,
between Dawson Creek and Fort St. John, an absorption plant to remove sulphur and
liquid fractiO!fS from the natural gas and a refinery to treat liquid fractions began operating
in November. A branch pipe-line for Inland Natural Gas Company Limited, to convey
gas to the Okanagan Valley and to Trail and Nelson, was completed. Natural gas is
now being produced in large volume to supply the needs of the Greater Vancouver area
and communities along the two pipe-lines, and also for export to the United States.
Exploration has continued \0 indicate additional gas and oil fields, the Boundary
Lake oilfield has been greatly extended, oil has been found near Mile 100 on the Alaska
A 10
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
Highway, and two oil wells at Buick Creek began producing in 1957. Although most
activity was in northeastern British Columbia, drilling was done at two sites on the delta
of the Fraser-River, and a well was started on Saturna Island. Applications for permits
indicate interest in several parts of British Columbia, including renewed interest in the
Queen Charlotte Islands. Substantial areas are held under permit or lease in the Fernie
area, and much exploratory work has been done there. Exploration and drilling have
been predominantly in northeastern British Columbia, and all the successful completions
have been in that area, in which multiple productive zones feature several of the fields.
So far oil wells have been completed in Lower Cretaceous (Gething and Nikanassin),
Triassic (Schooler Creek and Triassic "C "), Permo--Pennsylvanian, and Mississippian
horizons.
The average number employed throughout 1957 in placer, lode, fuel, industrialmineral, and structural-material mining was 13,257. Major expenditures by those
branches of the industry included: Salaries and wages, $56,409,056; fuel and electricity,
$8,937,567; process supplies (inclusive of explosives, chemicals, drill-steel, lubricants,
etc.), $24,257,177; Federal taxes. $8,170,826; Provincial taxes, $2,872,807; municipal
and other taxes, $907,143; levies for workmen's compensation (including silicosis),
unemployment insurance, and other items, $1,983,553. Dividends amounted to
$24,247,240. The lode-mining industry spent $30,273,900 in freight and treatment
charges on ores and concentrates. Expenditure in exploration for petroleum and natural
gas in 1957 was $10,030,878.
Statistics
The statistics of the mineral industry are collected and compiled and the statistical
tables for this Report are prepared by the Bureau of Economics and Statistics, Department of Industrial Development, Trade, and Commerce.
In the 1951 Report, extensive rearrangements of tables and of their order were made.
The tables in the present Report closely parallel those presented in Reports for years
preceding 1951, but additional details have been incorporated, and the present order is
considered to make more apparent the relationship between summary tables and the
tables giving the details summarized.
METHOD OF COMPUTING PRODUCTION
The tables of statistics recording the mineral production of the Province for each
year are compiled from certified returns made by the operators, augmented by some data
obtained from the Royal Canadian Mint and from the operators of customs smelters.
The value of each mineral product, in Canadian funds, is calculated at the average price
for the year (see p. A 13). The quantities of metals are net after making deductions for
losses in smelting and refining.
METALS
Prior to 1925 the average prices for gold and copper are true average prices, but,
as a means of correcting for losses in smelting and refining, the prices of other metals
were taken at the following percentages of the year's average price for the metal: Silver,
95 per cent; lead, 90 per cent; and zinc, 85 per cent. Fm 1925 and subsequent years
the value has been calculated using the true average price and the net metal contents, iu
STATISTICS
All
accordance with the procedures adopted by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics and the
co-operating Provincial Departments of Mines.
Beginning with the Annual Report for 1948, production figures for individual lodemining operations are the assay contents of the products shipped (ore, concentrates, or
bullion), no deductions being made for losses in smelting and refining. In previous
Annual Reports the production figures given for individual properties are net, after
deductions for smelting and refining losses.
Placer Gold
The data on placer-gold production were very largely obtained from the Gold Commissioners until 1925. The value of placer gold in dollars is now obtained from returns
received annually from the operators. At the old standard price, $20.67 per ounce of
fine gold, $17 was regarded as a close approximation of the average value per ounce of
crude placer gold produced in British Columbia. Dividing the production reported in
dollars by 17 gave the equivalent in crude ounces. The average value $17 per ounce is
equivalent to a fineness of 822';1. Beginning with 1932 the average value per crude
ounce has been based on the same fineness but has recognized the varying price of gold.
The average price per ounce of crude placer gold for the year is listed on page A 13.
Lode Metals, Gross and Net Contents
The gross contents are the gold and silver contents of bullion and for ores and concentrates the total assay contents, obtained by multiplying the assay by the weight. The
quantities for gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc in Table XV and in "Notes on Metal
Mines " are gross.
Calculations of the value of production are based on the total assay content for
gold and on net content for the other principal metals. These are: In lead ores and
concentrates and zinc concentrates, for silver 98 per cent, lead 95 per cent, and zinc
85 per cent of the total assay content; and in copper concentrates, 95 per cent of the
silver and the total assay content of copper less 10 pounds per ton of concentrates.
Quantities for silver, lead, zinc, and copper iu Tables I to VIII, inclusive, are net.
Average Metal Prices
In the interests of uniformity the Statistical Bureaux of the Provinces and the
Dominion Bureau of Statistics use the same average metal prices in valuing mineral
production. Up to and including the year 1939 the prices nsed in evaluating metal and
mineral production were:Go!d and silver: The average United States price for the year, as quoted in
the Engineering and Mining J oumal, converted into Canadian funds at
the average exchange rate.
Copper, lead, and zinc: For lead and zinc, the average London Metal Market
price for the year converted into Canadian funds at the average exchange
rate; for copper, until 1932 the New York price for copper was used,
thereafter the average London Metal Market price was used.
Suspension of trading on the London Metal Exchange in September, 1939, and the
controls of metals during the war years necessitated changes from the procedures which
had been followed.
The method of arriving at the price for gold continued unchanged, but the prices for
the metals controlled were those set by the Canadian Metals Controller. In 1945 the
controls were largely removed from sales but not from prices. Control of metal prices
ended on June 6th, 1947. For 1945 and subsequent years the prices are those computed
by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics, using information supplied by the principal Canadian refiners of silver and the base metals.
A !2
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
In the period 1945-47 the prices received for silver, lead, and zinc sold for use in
Canada were substantially Jess than the prices received lor these metals exported to the
United States. The prices for silver in 1945 and 1946 and for copper, lead, and zinc in
1946 and 1947 are weighted averages, taking into consideration sales in Canada at the
ceiling prices and sales abroad at New York prices converted into Canadian funds.
Prices are now arrived at by the methods as given in the Jootnotes to table of
average prices on page A 13.
FUEL
Coal
In 1926 a change was made in computing coal and coke statistics. The practice in
former years bad been to list as coke production only the coke made in bee-hive ovens,
the coal used in making it not being listed; coke made in by-product ovens was not
listed as coke, but the coal used in making this coke was credited as coal productioo.
The result was that both the coal and the coke production figures were incomplete.
Starting with the 1926 Annual Report, the standard practice of the Bureau of Statistics,
Ottawa, was adopted. This consists of ~-rcditing all coal produced, including that used
in making coke, as primary mine production. Coke-making is considered a manufacturing industry. As the data are of interest to the mining industry, Table X is included
in the Report to show the total coke produced in the Province, together with by-products,
and the values given by the producers. The pre-1926 data have now been reworked and
brought into conformity with current practice. Table lXA lists the full mine output
(gross) produced and its net value, and these figures are incorporated in Table I, in the
total mine production for the Province. Table X gives the complete data for coke, gas,
and by-products manufactured for the period 1895 to 1925, and for each year subsequent
to 1925.
Up to and including the year 1947, production was recorded in long tons (2,240
pounds). Beginning in 1948, production is given in short tons (2,000 pounds). The
quantity of coal produced in the preceding years has been recalculated in short tons.
The average price for coal, listed year by year (see p. A 13), is the total value
divided by the quantity. Up to and including 1945, the quantity is the gross mine output;
for 1946 and subsequent years, the quantity is the quantity sold and used. For 1946 and
subsequent years, the value (Tables I, III, VIlA, IXA, lXB, and IXc) is the amount
realized from sales of coal, at colliery loading points, plus the coUiery valuation of coal
used under companies' boilers and in making coke. For 1946 and subsequent years the
quantity sold and used is shown in Table IXc. "Use" includes coal used under company
stationary and locomotive boilers, and used in making coke. Wasbery loss and changes
in stocks, year by year, are shown in the table "Collieries of British Columbia, Production and Distribution by Collieries and by Districts," page 121 of this Report.
Natural Gas
Commercial production of natural gas began in 1954. The production shown in
Tables I, III, VIlA, and VIllA is gas sold in Fort St. John. The figures are compiled
from the Crown royalty statements filed monthly with the Department of Mines by the
producer. The quantity is reported as thousands of cubic feet at standard conditions
(14.4 pounds per square inch pressure, 60° F. temperature).
Petroleum
Conunercial production of petroleum began in 1956. The figures shown ln Tables
I, III, VIlA, and VIllA are compiled from the Crown royalty statements filed monthly
with the Department of Mines by the producer. The quantity is reported in barrels ( 35
imperial gallons = 1 barrel).
STATISTICS
Al3
AVERAGE PRICES USED IN VALUING PROVINCIAL PRODUCTION OF GOLD,
SILVER, CoPPER, LEA,D, ZINC, AND CoAL
Gold,t
Year
Crude,
Oz.
1901 ...... ·············
1D02 .... ...... -------1903 ....................
17.00
1904 ..... ...........
..........
1906 ..... ..........
190J:i .•..
1907 ..... ··············
1908 ··················
1909 .....................
1910 .. ................
1911 .....................
Hl12 ...................
1913 ...................
1914. ..................
1915 ...................
1916 ...................
1917. ...................
1918 ....................
1919 ....................
1920 ...................
1921 ....................
1922 ....................
1923 ....................
1924 ............ ......
192l'i ............ ......
1926 ..........
1927 ....................
1928 .... ...... .......
1929 .....................
1930 ...................
1931 ................
1fJ32 ...................
1933 .... ...............
1934 .... ................
1935 ..................
1936 ...................
1037 ...................
1088 ...................
1939 ....................
1940 ...................
1941. .... ........ .....
1942 .. ........
1943 ...................
1944 ..................
1945 ... ................
1946 ....................
1941 ....................
1948 ....................
1949 ......... ..........
1950 ..... ... ..........
1951 ....................
1952 .. ................
1953 .... .............
1954 ....................
1955 . ... ...............
1956-- -- ...............
1967-- ------ ..........
..
I
I
········ I
I
I
·······
I
..... I
I
······-........ II
I
...
I
I
....... I
.. ... .. I
.. ..... I
..... .. I
.. ..... I
........ I
.. ..... I
.. ...... I
.. ...... I
........ I
........ I
.. ...... I
........ I
..... .. I
...... I
...... I
........ I·
....... I
I
19.30 I
31.66
31.66
31.66
30.22
2S.18
28.78
29.60
31.2!)
30.30
28.18
28.31
2i.5~
28.89
28.32
27.69
Silver.
o,.
o,.
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
II
I
!
•
I
I
I
········ I
...
.. ----- II
...
I
...... I
....
I
.. ..... I
20.67
...
......
...
...
...
........
......
.......
........
........
........
........
........
........
.. ....
.. ......
........
.......
.. .....
23.47
28.60
34.50
35.19
315.08
34.99
35.18
36.14
38.50
38.60
38.~0
38.50
88.50
38.50
36.75
35.00
36.00
36.00
38.05
86.815
34.27
34.42
34.07
34.52
34.4.4
33.515
Copper,
Lb.
Fine,
Fine.
•
23.02
28.37
28.04
28.81
28.77
28.93
29.72
31.66
31.66
31.66
Gold,
Cents
56.002 N.Y.
49.55
50.78
..
..
..
53.36
151.33
63.45
62.06
l'i0.22
I 48.93
I 50.812
I 60.64
I 157.7!)
I 156.80
I 152.10
I 47.20
I 62.88 "
I 77.35
I 91.!-)3
I 105.57
I 95.80
I 59.52
I 64.14
I 61.63
I 63.442
I 69.065
I 62.107
I 56.37
I 58.176
I 52.998
I 38.154
I 28.700
I 81.671
I 87.882
I 47.461
I 64.700
I 415.127
I 44.881
I 43.477
I 40.488
I 88.249
I 88.261
I 41.166
I 45.254 "
I 43.000
I 47.000
I 83.6150
I 72.0M
I 75.000 Mont.
I 74.250 u.s.
I 80.685 "
I 94.155
I 83.157
I 83.774
82.982
87.851
89.373
I 87.067
..
....
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
...
..
..
....
....
....
.....
..
..
..
......
..
..
..
..
...
..
I
....
...
.
..
.
Cents
16.11 N.Y.
11.70
13.24
12.82
15.59
HJ.::!B
20.00
13.20
12.98
12.738
"
12.38
10.341
15.27
13.60
17.28
27.202
27.18
24.63
18.70
17.45
12.50
13.38
"
14.42
13.02
14.042
"
13.795
12.92
"
14.570
18.107
12.982
8.116
6.880 Lond.
7.454
7.419
7.795
9.477
13.078
9.972
10.092
10.086
10.086
10.086
11.75
12.000
"
12.1550
"
12.80
....
.....
..
..
..
...
..
..
....
....
......
...
..
....
..
..
..
....
....
..
..
...
~o.ao
"
..
22.315 u.s.
19.973
23.428
27.70
31.079
30.333
"
29.112
38.276
39.787
26.031
...
....
....
..
.
Lead,
Lb.
Zinc,
Cents
Cents
2.577 N.Y.
3.66
3.81
.....
..
...
..
.."
..
3.88
4.::!4
4.81
4.80
3.78
3.85
4.00
8.98
4.024
3.93
3.l'i0
4.17
6.172
7.91
6.6"1
5.19
7.16
4.09
5.16
6.54
7.287
7.848 Lond.
6. 751
5.256
4.575
5.050
3.927
2.710
2.113
2.391
2.436
3.133
3.913
5.110
3.344
3.169
3.862
3.362
3.362
"
3.754
"
4.1500
l'i.OOO
6.750
13.670
18.040
Hi.800 u.s.
14.454
18.4
"
16.121
13.265
18:680
14.926
15.7156
14.0151
..
..
..
..
..
....
..
..
....
..
..
..
...
..
..
....
...
...
.....
..
..
..
..
..
.
....
..
..
"
Coal.
Short
Lb.
Ton
•
.........
2.67&
........
-----·········
·········
... ·········
········
·----···
.········
.......
........
-----·········
-----·········
8.125
........
....! .........
.........
4.60 E. St. L .
4.90
5.90
4.80
4.40
11.2!5
10.88
"
7.500
6.94
6.24
6.152
3.95
4.86
5.62
5.39
7.892 Lond.
7.409
6.194
5.498
5.885
3.1599
2.554
2.405
3.210
3.044
3.099
3.3115
"
4.902
3.073
3.009
3.411
3.411
3.411
"
4.000
4.300
6.440
7.810
11.230
13.930
13.247 U.S.
15.015
19.9
15.874
10.675
"
10.417
"
12.127
18.278
11.1715
........
........
..
........
..
..
...
....
....
..
...
..
..
..
..
...
....
....
.
...
....
..
....
....
..
....
..
....
..
...
... .. ..
.. . ....
.. .. ...
.....
...
4.464
..
......
...
'
...
......
......
......
........
........
.....
.. ..
.. ....
4.018
8.795
......
......
.. ....
.. ......
.. ....
........
.. ......
... . ...
......
........
...
.......
4.68
5.12
6.09
6.51
6.48
6.46
6.94
6.88
7.00
6.74
6.59
8.78
Unrefined placer gold, average price per ounce, is taken as $17 divided by $20.67 times the price of an ounce of
fine gold.
Prices for fine gold are the Canadian Mint buying prices. Prices for other metals are those of the markets indicated,
converted into Canadian funds. The abbreviations are: Mont.:::::Montreal; N.Y.:=New York; Lond.=London; E. St. L
:=East St. Louis; and U.S.:=United States.
Prior to 1925 the prices for gold and copper are true average prices, but the prices of other metals were taken at
the followiDg perceptages of the year's average price for the metal: Snver, 9.5 per cent; lead, 90 per cent; and zinc,
SS per cent.
For coal see last paragraph under "Fuel," page A 12.
The bases tor the prices listed are discussed in detail on pages A 11 and A 12.
1
A 14
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
TABLE I.-TOTAL MINERAL PRODUCTION FOR ALL YEARS
Total Quantity
Gold-placer -------------------·-- ________________________ crude, oz.
lode ______________________ . ----------------------------------fine, oz.
Silver
.. __ - - - - - - - - - - - ....oz.
UP
TO AND INCLUDING
Total Value
IQuantity, 19571
1957
Value, 1957
5,200,296
15,136,211
403,103,630
2,916,652,085
12,284,544,537
9,893,251,300
$95,955,159
2,936
$80,990
435,187,967
222,506
7,465,076
7,077,708
8,129,971
240,061,747
Copper ----------------- ------------ _________________ Jb.
7,631,897
29,318,494
476,690,590
880,027,584
281,603,346
39,568,086
Lead _____ -------------------- --------------------------------------lb.
50,225,881
781,317,148
449,448,607
Zinc...
. ------------------------------ _______ .lb.
Miscellaneous metalsl _______________________________ _
12,755,362
129,899,516
·-·····-------13,361,751
76,291,020
Industrial minerals 2 --------------------------------- -----:-~-~
-···-····-··-·
25,626,939
248,696,868
Structural materials3 ------------------------------------------ -~----~---~-1,085,657
7,340,339
CoaL_
................ ~-------------·--------tons
140,499,723 4 1 540,208,640
8,274,942
366,867
8,692,322
411,685
Natural gas..
....... ·····-··········--·--····-----·-M s.c.f.
763,721
489,981
1,063,042
340,945
Petroleum, crude~___
. ···-------············· ------~-----bbls. l-----'"-"_:_:_+.=~~~+-"-""'-'-'--:.,;=~cp;Totals
____ , ____________ _
1 $3,905,810,966
l$172,264,617
I
For individual miscellaneous metals, see Tables III and VIlle, pages A 15 and A 28.
For individual industrial minerals, including sulphur, see Tables III and VIIID, pages A 15 and A 30.
For individual structural materials, see Tables III and VIllE, pages A 15 and A 32.
• Total quantity is gross mine output; it includes material discarded in picking and washing. The quantity shown
for 1957 is that sold and used (see also Table IXc).
5 Includes 582 barrels produced for test purposes in 1955, no value assigned,
1
2
3
TABLE !I.-PRODUCTION FOR EACH YEAR FROM
1836-95 (incl.) $95,355,010
7,507,956
1896 --------------1897---------------- 10,455,268
18 98---------------- 10,906,861
1899 -------------- 12,429,707
1900
16,344,751
1901.
19,671,572
1902 ------------17,486,550
1903
17,495,954
1904 --------------- 18,977,359
1905 --------------- 22,461,325
1906
24,980,546
1907---------------- 25,882,560
1908 --------------- 23,851,277
1909
24,443,025
1910
26,377,066
1911__ __
23,499,072
1912 ______
32,440,800
1913
30,296,398
1914 --------------- 26,388,825
1915 --------------- 29,447,508
1916 ___
42,290,462
37,010,392
1917-------------1918 _____
41,782,474
191933,296,313
35,543,084
1920 --28,066,641
1921 ----------1922 __
35,162,843
1923 --------------- 41,304,320
1924 ....
48,704,604
1925 --------------- 61,492,242
1926._
67.188.842
1927
60,729,358
1836
TO
192L___
1929
1930
1931.
19321933
1934193519361937 -----------1938.
19391940 ---1941
1942 ____
1943
1944 -----------1945
1946 -----------1947 -----------1948 -- --- ----1949------------1950 -1951 1952.
19531954 -----------195519561957Total
1957,
INCLUSIVE
$65,372,583
68,505,527
55,660,399
34,968,916
28,855,660
32,650,554
42,444,013
48,886,303
54,179,442
74,475,902
64,485,551
65,707,398
75,701,145
78,479,719
75,551,093
65,892,395
54,923,803
63,343,949
72,319,951
113,314,314
151,436,039
131,100,468
148,289,687
175,613,693
171,309,429
152,628,683
153,383,860
174,710,606
190,084,302
172,264,617
-- $3,905,810,966
TABLE Ill.---QUANTITY AND VALUE OF MINERAL PRODUCTS FOR YEARS
Quamity
I
------------------f~~~
P'indpai M•tab
Gold-placer, crude--___ , ___________ oz.
,
lode, fine------------_____ oz.
Silver_
-------------------_oz.
Copper_____
---------------------- .. lb.
Lead ______
___________________ ---·---lb.
Zinc ------ ---------------- ................... --- ____ -------- _____ lb.
Totals ___________ ----------------________
Miscellaneous Metals
Antimony _________
-··- ______ _lb.
Bismuth _________
____________________ ------------------lb.
Cadmium ___ -------------- ___ , ______________ Jb,
Indium-----------__________ __ __________
oz.
Iron ore concentrates
---·------________________ tons
Mercury
_________ ..... ______________ lb.
Platinum __________
---------------_______ oz.
Tin -----------------------· ________________ ___ _______ ________ lb.
Tungsten (W03) _____
______________________ _lb,
Totals _______ --------
Value
II
$
20,332
585,200
286,230 10,018,050
6,718,122
5,038,592
43,025,388
9,616,174
332,996,351 I 60,072,542
296,012,941 41,234,603
1126,565,161
113,173
310,062 •
444,000
222,000
1,126,437
617,226
---- . ________
679
242
691,332
1,409,297
3,735
21,175
688,567
1 1.409,297
1 3,806,384
I
I
Quantity
17,886
2R8,396
7,('i36,053
54,856,808
261,580,549
276,324,451
_________
Value
II
$
529,524
110,382,256
5,669,769
I 10,956,550
1 41,645,726
36,604,700
1105,788,525
I
Quantity
I
643.540
162,616
_______
I .... ------99 I
7,468
1
I
I
I
I
Quantity
1952
Value
$
______ :: __ :::=:_:·-··:=::-==·:!~~:
__ -----...
----.... _____ Jb.
Mica
~gJ!;h~ ~~~~ 0 ~-~-~~--::::::::::::::::::::::-::::::::::::_-:::::=-:Jg~~
Totals
1l:~i~
894,000
-------{44,448 1
--i-:409;156
3,810,000
2,584,752
111,300
129,268
392,458
32,922
116,513
597,541
5,138
9,611
2,441,304
1,177,632
839,780
3,060,:BS
54,220
8,968,222
5;673
----------------------1
g!~~n~~~~--~-~~~-u-~-~~--~~~~~~~~~~-~~-~=~~=~~~~~~==
Lime and limestone __ .... _______________ .. ______ tons
Rubble, riprap, crushed rock ___________________ tons
Sand and gravel ------------------- ----------------Stone --------------------·----- __________________ tons
Totals ____________________ _
Fuel
Coall
1
tons
Provincial totals -----·-The quantity of coal is that sold and used.
1
6i~:j6~
160,4j~
I
1,546,~§~
578,000 I
209,453
8~6,780
3,579
1,604,480
9.765,395
rts1.436,o39
5,675
__
-----~~:~~=
456,000
-----143:343
I 2,500,323
3,220,000 I
509,560
6,500
179,400
1,112,272
2,287
1,621,268
1
9S,075
24,793
135,391
22,339
145,512
265,098
5,176
9,676
3,209,425
1,295,087
916,841
3,967,132
44,345
9,955,890
10,549,924
1131,100,468
3,980,500
974,380
I
2,333,239
142,246
726,172
404
900,481
1,028,025
312,941
1,561,270
889
5,474,924
9,239
828,259
281,160
3,251,431
22
346,718
1 1:421,806
I 2,437,840
I
6,7061
117,770
52,823
2
~~:~~~
191,016
428,418
5,860
11,335
3,088,296
1,133,776
990,257
3,723,487
188,675
10,246.939
221,454
1,164,049
26,758
I
1,574,006 I tO.tt9,303
[148,289,687
$
622,647
451,872
3,122,021
1,368
790,000
1,310,836
191,471
1,164,933
582
113,535
62o,to8
5,533
V"JUe
494,756
8,615,238
7,315,088
13,054,893
45,936,692
59,189,656
1134,606,323
--------27)85
495,807
s:4s5~800
2
212,113
1,434,640
I
9~:~~~
I 2:330,877
________________ __________________
Structural Materials
Brick-common ___________________________________No.
,
face, paving, sewer _____________________ __:-__No.
,
firebrick, blocks --------------------·------Clays -------------------- ··--·--------·---- ---···-----tons
Structural tile, hollow blocks --------------------Drain-tile, sewer-pipe, flue--linings
Pottery-glazed or unglazed --------------------~
5j&Jn
9,494
Quantity
17,554
251,393
8,796,720
42,005,512
284,949,396
372,871,717
t~:r,~:1I:I~:~~;i,ono_~g<~~;,,)~-~~E} :;:;n ~--,;au -.:;:;n 1 ,~rm :.;:iii I t~;:m ,.;:;;l ;~:Jn
g~~s~~d~~d--~-~~~-~-~s
I
23,691
717,911
261,274
9,627,947
8,215,884
7,768,118
43,249,658 11,980,155
273,456,604 50,316,015
333,910,764 66,448,242
-- .. _______ 1146,858,388
216.229
369,138
:~-~:~~~ 1 1,5n:n~
111 I
796,403 I
281,160 I
633,047
619,117 I
_______ ...... __ I ........
___
I 2,305,806
1957
1951
Value
$
19,134
598,717
283,983110,805,553
9,507,225
7,666,151
42,212,133
9,889,458
307,122,803 44,391,530
324,263,778 48,882,765
.. _____ 1122,234,174
61.020
210,972
66::i~~ 1,3:~:~~g
I
Industrial Minerals
I
15!!,288'
102,9131
TO
1950
1949
1948
Description
!948
'l:;il_
"176
250,293
4,565,024
13,193,542
23,000
13,408
240
_______ !_~~:~~
606,000
-~~~-~?2
7,462
141,478
21,026
235,453
--------~-1:_~-~~ 1 ____________ _
314,000
3,001
-------194--:874
1,840,992
2,493,840
-------182,607 1 -1545,258
____________ I 2,182,864
41,820
153,575
171,481
410,206
4,695
10,393
3,311,439
1,251,327
1,145,072
3,355,693
309,350
r 1o,6o6,048
28,248
121,254
435,681
---------11,4831
51,797
60,273
---------468,110
--------------_______________ .. 1
6,536
11,296
------3,603,273
-321,710
1,552,772
739,504
982,792
- 3,839,965
122,308
434,964
____________ 1 11,596,961
10,169,617
1175,613,693
1,402,347! 9,729,739
1171,309,429
1,353,000
3,127,888
---------14586
-------
241,723
972,178
4,837
___________
1.573.572
3
~8:~~~
~
~
830,8151
2,566,540
---1
>
"'
TABLE Ili.-QUANTITY AND VALUE OF MINERAL PRODUCTS FOR YEARS
I
Description
Quantity
=
Miscellaneous Metals
A:ntimony ... _.. ________ __________ __ ____________ ___________.tb.
Btsmu_th .
-------------------------------------------------------'b.
Cad_mmm ----·-----·----------------------Jb.
Value
14,245
253,553
8,376,953
49,021,013
296,559,781
378,345,159
$
403,230
8,727,294
7,017,709
14,869,544
39,338,655
40,388,346
1110,744,778
t,S51,043
71,298
787,158
570,474
157,569
1,550,701
Principal Metal.J
Gold-placer, crude - - -·--·-- _____________ oz.
."
lode, fine
------------ ____ , _______ oz.
Silver ---- --··------------------------.. ·-------------oz.
Copper _______________ .lb.
L~ad .... ---·--------------------............... _lb.
Zmc -·--------------------- ---------- ----···· -- ---------····--·----··-Jb.
Totals--·--·······--·····--------- ... ------
j
I
Quantity
-
j
Value
I
$
8,684
238,967
258,388
8,803,279
9,825,153
8,153,108
50,150,087 114,599,693
332,474,456 45,482,505
334,124,560 I 34,805,755
.... _______ ... 1112,083,307
1,302,333
225,351
680,734
382,104
493,519
1,123,211
I
Quantity
-j
1948
Value
I
$
7,666
217,614
242,477
8,370,306
7,902,145
6,942,113
44,328,031
16,932,549
302,567,640 45,161,245
429,198,565 52,048,909
.................. 1129,672,736
2,oz1,121
160,767
1,593,591
667,776
356,903
2,677,233
TO
I
1957----Continued
Quantity
-
j
Value
3,865
191,743
8,404,600
43,360,575
283,718,073
443,853,004
$
109,450
6,603,628
7,511,443
17,251,872
44,702,619
58,934,801
1135,113.813
2,140,432
156,753
1,937,927
768,843
346,424
3,236,338
I
Quantity
=
2,936
222,506
8,129,971
29,318,494
281,603,346
449,448,607
j
Value
$
80,990
7,465,076
7,077,708
7,631,897
39,~68,086
50, 25,881
1112,049,638
1,~~g·~U
~U·~~
,
,
1,~,~97
3,1~~,62~
f:it~y~~~~~::--)~L :~~ ---~~[;~~ ~=~.~~M~~ I ;·~~= ~=<~~~~~ /-~~;~;:: ::::!! I ~:!~~~ =~~:~~~ .;~~:~~ :~~:~~ ~:~~~~~
I
I
Tungsten (W03) .... ------........ ---------.... - ___ .lb.
Totals .. --..............--- ---·------------·---·---
2,168,977
5,950,323
----- ----.......... I 15,588,840
Jn.dustrial Minerals
Asb_estos .
'"--------------~ ----------------------- ...... tons
:·----- -·-·- -------------- -------------· ...--- -----tons
Diatomite ----------------...--- ____ tons
Flux (quartz, limestone) ____________________________ tons
Granules (quartz. limestone, granite)
___ tons
Gypsum and products ....... _____ ...... __________ tons
Mica -------·------·---------------- ___________ lb.
Perlite -----------___ ----------··-------------·tons
Sulphur ___________ ------------- _____________ ......... _______ tons
Totals __ .... _ . -------- --·--- ------------·----·--·
3,1021
988,716
3,560
52,845
...... ______
______________
37,358 I
110,698
4,620 I
59,321
172,6651
387,655
604,000
11,338
1,112
11,120
151,954 I 1,590,055
-------- 1 3,211,748
B~rite
Structural Materials
Brick-common _____ _____________ ___
39,897
4,541
175,480
284,000
-----------·--·.
219,999
I
17,187 r 4,265,971
9,465
238,825
14
280
111,759
208,198
6,355
73,858
149,719
383,934
505,300
2,861
_ ......... ......
216,520 1 2,624,171
1 7,798,098
20,356 \ 6,620,060
11,436
287,626
40
800
176311
392429
13:220
173:214
72,973
391,919
200,000
1,100
.... ---------..........------·
212,885
2,523,190
___ .... 1 10,390,338
__________
_____________
31,990
123,469
627,097
6,609
~jt~i~ ....3.:~~~-~~~~
b~~~r~J;~ ~~o~u~su~-~~az_:~---~~----~~--~-------~~-~~--~~----~~=~ =.·::=:_::==-~
if::na'nd li~~~,o~~--:· ..·--- _______::-:::::-·::::::::=::tonS --- '"33s-:-oos
~S:~M
i:~~j;ij~
-------------------
jtggj =::=-=::=:::_
_
····----· ------------ _________________ tons
Structural tile, hollow blocks ___ ------------ ...... -....
Drain-tile, sewer-pipe, tl.ue-linings _____________________
1,382,883
1
Rubble, riprap, crushed rock__
..... ---..--.tons
Sand and gravel. ___ ----.. -----------------Stone ····-----.. - ______ , .. _______ . ----------------------tons
Totals ______________ ---------------
-~~~~~----
Coal 1 __________________
. _____________ tons
Natural gas _
-----·--------- ______ , ___ M s.c.f.
Petroleum, crude 11
------------- -----------..... bbls.
Totals ........ ___ ........... --·····----...... _ ---------Provincial totals. ·-· ···-·
1
2
~i~;j~~ ---~-'~~~-:=~~
I
2,920,751
115,337
_____ ,____
40,804
65,507
421,734
5,326
-------2,308,422
5,877,881
2,264,775
6,351,376
__________ .... 1 14,327,010
1,289,911
___ No.
4 30
_ ' 5,226
~:~~
8,599
5,056
1 ,91~.000
5,460,967
................... I 12,935,887
51,381
..
Clays
~~~b'ri~:~~f~ct~w_:~__::=::::=::=:=:=: :::=::~-~
2,206,443 1 5,851,558
------ 1 11,866,409
35,550
4,853,940
36,425
122,903
753,297
8,033
_______
I
~j~;~j~ --~:~~-~:~~=
232,139
2,248,447
46,757
114,460
801,019
7,985
..... ··-·- ......
~~:g~~
j;~it:~~~
:_-~ :::==.:::=:
1,122,516
4,388,594
78,252
I 13,555,038
317.976
1:~~~:~~
920,707
1,253,856
____ --·--·.
4,850,469
3,055 I
99,392
...
I 14,395,174
- .."3iS~i52
890,613
1,384,138,9,528,279
- - - - - - ..................
---------------- --- ----..------------------ I 9,528,279
1152,628,683
1,308,2841 9,154,544
60,883
6,545
... ________ ,____
_..
--.....- ....·-·- I 9,161,089
·--·---------1153,383,860
1,332,8741 8,986,501
168,651
18,130
------------- ____
-------------- I 9,004,631
-----··-- 1174,710,606
770,415
----------...
2,611
The quant;ty of coal is that sold and used.
For test purposes, 582 barrels were produced in 1955, no commercial value assigned.
962,272
7,148,666
4,886,890
26,079
148,454
1 15,299,254
1,921,483
5,240,479
---· ------------ I 12,755,362
~kM~
9,~j~·~~
•
•
120
2 •400
137,433
442,204
17,295 !
221,864
66,499 I
142.751
180,000
1,200
---·----------··· -------..
226,550
2,872,332
I 13,361.751
I
75,767
I
663,828
24,345
47,101
129,257
696,385
3,849 I
·-·-··---·------- I
-----·---······
29,495
200.216
697,611
~~;~~~
~:nz:r~
::::=-~·::==:::__1
~~:~~~
i:~~::~~
:&3;j~~ ---~~~:=~~ I ~~~:g~j
....2,028,143
'"396:ot:z
!
----334503
I
2,210,315
8,535,348
139,150
20,587,159
2,364,301
4,272,768
-------------·- 10,503,274
2,403 1
236,110
. I 25,626,939
1
1,417,2091 9,346,518
187,846
20,143
148,454 I
299,321
_
I 9,665,982
1190,084,302
1,085,6571 7,340,339
8,274,942
366,867
340,945 I
763.721
1 8.470,927
··-- ... -..·-·--- 1172,264,617
--------·-148,454
__ ..
I
>
:;:
~
0
~
~
~
I
~
I"._...__,'
TABLE IV.-M!NERAL PRODUCTION VALUE,
1~ .. ~0
10
zo
M I LLLONS
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
OF
100
1895-1957
DOLLARS
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
1.0
200
;
•
•'
•'
•
111 0
''
•'
•'
•'
...llil~mm IRIIIWII tlllllllllllll 11111111111111111111111111111001111111111111111
I ISO
• ' '" ' • ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' - · • ' ' '~· ' ' • ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' • ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' • ' ' , ' ' ' ' ' ' '
I
•
Vl
'
'•'
•'
••'
1040
'
•
'
•
'
10$0
'o
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
MILLIONS
100
OF
110
120
DOLLARS
130
140
ISO
160
170
180
100
200
-"
>
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES. 1957
A 18
TABU:
V.-PRINCIPAL LonE-METALS PRonucno!'i,
I
•
.'
' :
.
,.
0
",,w
7
'
I
\
'
'
\
!
\
\
I
i
!
'
'
'
1913-57
I
•
\
JI
II
I
'
!:,
.i : .I ,I'
1r
!!
I
Ii
:
r
!:
:1, ''
:
:
I
I
0
•0 '
•
,
II
w
0
%
LOJ;.~i-;1.j'!'t'~'tijftffffi:ttttttJ~tt:rtJJ ~ -L
~~~e~~•o
N
0
""'
"'
'
.I
I
I
T
~~~~n~~~o-~~-~~ke~o-~~~~~~~~0-~~•~e~
...
"'
"i
<t
-t
.n
<l>
""
"'
"'
...
...
.,.
...
,__..:;;__;:_~-..:::.._~-;;;_-~----_.:·:___ __=____ ..... ~ .. ~·--''----"--...1
TABLE Vl.-PRODUCTION OF PRINCIPAL METALS,
Quantity 1 )
1858-86, incl.
1887.... 1888 ------ ---1889 ...
1890 _______
189L
1892 ___
1893_._____
1894-1895 -1896 ______
1897-1898-1899 ------1900-1901 1902 1903
1904-1905-1906 1907 ___
1908
1909 __
1910 -------------1911 -------1912 ... -1913 -1914 _______
1915 ___
1916 . -1917 ___
1918
1919 __
1920
192L
1922. ----1923 ----1924 ______
1925 ------
1926_________ -·---
Value
Oz.
$
3,105,775 52,798,364
40,810
693,709
616,731
36,280
34,640
588,923
29,080
494,436
429,811
25,280
23,500
399,526
20,950
356,131
405,516
23,850
28,330
481,683
32,000
544,026
30,210
513,520
37,840
643,346
79,110 1,344,900
75,220 1,278,724
57,060
970,100
63,130 1,073,140
62,380 1,060,420
65,610 1,115,300
969,300
57,020
55,790
948,400
48,710
828,000
38,060
647,000
477,000
28,060
31,760
540,000
25,060
426,000
32,680
555,500
30,000
510,000
33,240
565,000
45,290
770,000
34,150
580,500
29,180
496,000
18,820
320,000
286,500
16,850
13,040
221,600
13,720
233,200
21,690
368,800
420,000
24,710
24,750
420,750
16,476! 280,092
20,912
355,503
Silver
Gold
Placer Gold
Year
Quantity2
Oz.
!
Value
Quantity
$
Oz.
)
- ··------
----------··-·
1,170
6,252
39,270
62,259
106,141
110,061
138,315
167,153
210,384
236,491
232,831
222,042
238,660
224,027
196,179
255,582
238,224
267,701
228,617
257,496
272,254
247,170
250,021
221,932
114,523
164,674
152,426
120,048
135,663
197,856
179,245
247,716
209,719
201,427
23,404
125,014
785,400
1,244,180
2,122,820
2,201,217
2,857,573
3,453,381
4,348,605
4,888,269
4,812,616
4,589,608
4,933,102
4,630,639
4,055,020
5,282,880
4,924,090
5,533,380
4,725,513
5,322,442
5,627,490
5,109,004
5,167,934
4,587,334
2,367,190
3,403,812
3,150,645
2,48!,392
2,804,154
4,089,684
3,704,994
5,120,535
4.335,269
4,163,859
17,690
79,780
53,192
70,427
4,500
i7,160
227,000
746,379
1,496,522
3,135,343
5,472,971
4,292,401
2,939,413
3,958,175
4,396,447
3,917,917
2,996,204
3,222,481
3,439,417 1
2,990,262
2,745,448
2,631,389
2,~32,742
2,450,241
1,892,364
3,132,108
3,465,856
3,602,180
3,3()6,506
3,301,923
2,929,216
3,498,172
3,403,119
3,377,849
2,673,389
7,101,311
6,032,986
8,341.7681
7,654,844
10,748,556
Lead
Copper
Value
---·- -----------------------
-----------------------------------
~
Quantity
Lb.
------
324,680
952,840
3,818,556
5,325,180
7,271,678
7,722,591
9,997,080
27,603,746
29,636,057
34,359,921
35,710,128
37,692,251
42,990,488
40,832,720
47,274,614
45,597,245
38,243,934
36,927,656
51,456,537
46,460,305
45,009,699
56,918,405
65,379,364
59,007,565
61,483,754
42,459,339
44,887,616
39,036,993
32,359,896
57,720,290
64.845,3931
71,306,432
89,339,768
Zinc
I
Value
Quantity
$
Lb.
Total
I
Value
Value
$
····--
-------------------------------·--···
..
-----------
204,800
674,500
165,100
--------
.
-----------------
'
Value
$
Lb.
----------··
$
17,331
75,000
47,873
73,948
4,000
66,935
195,000
470,219
977,229
2,100,689
3,272,836
2,375,841
1,663,708
2,309,200
2,%2,008
1,941,328
1,521,472
1,719,516
1,971,818
1,897,320
1,703,825
1,321,483
1,239,270
1,245,016
958,293
1,810,045
1,968,606
1,876,736
1,588,991
2,059,739
2,265,749
3,215,870
3,592,673
3,235,980
1,591,201
4,554,781
3,718,129
5,292,184
5,286,818
6,675,606
I
Quantity
------------ ---
------------------------
1858-1957
9,216
29,813
6,498
- -------
----------
-------
---------------
--------------- .. -----
---------··-
-------------
----···---------··-··-
16,234
47,642
190,926
266,258
874,781
1,351,453
1,615,289
4,446,963
3,446,673
4,547,535
4,578,037
5,876,222
8,288,595
8,166,544
6,240,249
5,918.522
4,871,512
4,571,644
8,408,513
7,094,489
6,121,319
9,835,500
17,784,494
16,038,256
15,143,449
7,939,896
7,832,899
4,879,624
4,329,754
8,323,266
8,442,870
10,153,269
12,324.421
808,420
2,135,023
5,662,523
16,475,464
24,199,977
38,841,135
31,693,559
21,862,436
63,358,621
51,582,906
22,536,381
18,089,283
36,646,244
56,580,703
52,408,217
47,738,703
43,195,733
44.396,346
34,658,746
26,872,397
44,871,454
55,364.677
50,625,048
46,503,590
48,727,516
37,307,465
43,899,661
29,475,968
39,331,218
41,402,288
67,447,985
96,663,152
170,384,481
237,899,199
263,023,937
33,064
78,996
169,875
532,255
721,384
1,390,517
1,077,581
878,870
2,691,887
2,010,260
824,832
689,744
1,421,874
2,399,022
2,667,578
2,291,458
1,632,799
1,709,259
1,386,350
1,069,521
1,805,627
2,175,832
1,771,877
1,939,200
3,007,462
2,951,020
2,928,107
1,526,855
2,816,115
1,693,354
3,480,316
6,321,770
12,415,917
18,670,329
17,757,535
-------- ..
----------------
--------------------------
--------
-----
--------------
-· -----------·
------------------------- --------
--------
--------·-
--
---------------------~~
8,500,000
4,184,192
2,634,544
5,358,280
6,758,768
7,866,467
12,982,440
37,168,980
41,848,513
41,772,916
56,737,651
47,208,268
49,419,372
57,146,548
58,343,462
79,130,970
98,257,099
142,876,947
400,000
192,473
129,092
316,139
324,421
346,125
1,460,524
4,043,985
3,166,259
2,899,040
3,540,429
3,077,979
1,952,065
2,777,322
3,278,903
4,266,741
7,754,450
10,586,610
I
$
52,798,364
720,256
721,544
643,294
568,384
433,811
499,525
653,531
1,186,858
2,824,209
4,801,205
7,565,951
7,172,766
8,096,504
11,348,481
14,237,936
12,174,242
12,631,787
13,424,335
16,149,464
18,432,502
17,044,847
15,124,411
14,668,141
13,768,731
11,880,063
18,218,266
17,700,838
15,790,061
20,762,149
32,063,514
27,284,474
27,910,278
20,036,998
19,665,965
13,153,598
19,600,657
25,767,062
35,958,997
46,480,227
51,863,534
"'~
~
>
:c
TABLE VI.-PRODUCTION OF PRINCIPAL METALS,
-
---
--
Placer Gold
1927_.___ -----"'1928 --- ---- -----·1929 -·
1930 ---- -- ----·1931 _________ ,_ ____
1932- ----------·
1933 ---------------1934.------------1935 ___
1936 --------------1937 ------ ---- 1938 --1939 . ---.--------1940
1941
1941 --------------1943_ ---- -----1944. _____
1945 -------------~
1946-1947_~ -------~--
1948 ______ _, _________
1949 ____________ ..
1950 ----··
1951__ -------- '
1952-1953 _______ ,__
1954--------------1955 ·-----------1956 .. _____ ~---'"
1957 ---~---~---"""
Totals __ .. 1
Quantity~
Value
I
Silver
Value
Quantity
I
~
Ounces of fine gold.
N
0
Copper
Value
Oz.
Oz.
Oz.
$
$
$
9,191
156,247
178,001
5,902,043
3,679,601
10,470,185
8,284
143,208
188,087
3,888,097
10,627,167
6,182,461
6,983
118,711
145,387
3,005,411
9,960,172
5,278,194
8,955
160,853
3,325,126
11,328,263
4,322,185
152,235
17,176
291,992
146,133
2,254,979
7,550,331
3,020,837
20,400
39~.~42
181,651
7,150,655
2,264,729
4,263,349
562,787
23,928
223,589
6,394,645
7,021,754
2,656,526
4,088,280
25,181
714,431
297,216 10,253,952
8,613,977
30,929
895,058
365,343 12,856,419
9,269,944
6,005,996
43,389 1,249,940
404,578 14,172,367
9,547,124
4,308,330
54,133 1,558,245
460,781 16,122,727
11,308,685
5,075,451
57,759 1,671,015
557,522 19,613,624
4,722,288
10,861,578
49,746 1,478,492
587,336 21,226,957
10,821,393
4,381,365
39,067 1,236,928
583,416 22,461,516
12,327,944
4,715,315
571,026 21,984,501
12,175,700
4,658,545
43,775 1,385,962
32,9{14. 1,{}41,712
4,{)80,715
444,518 11,113,943
9,671,881
14,600
462,270
224,403
8,639,516
8,526,310
3,858,496
11,433
361,977
186,632
2,453,293
5,705,334
7,185,332
12,589
398,591
175,373
6,751,860
6,157,307
2,893,934
15,729
475,361
117,612
4,322,241
6,365,761
5,324,959
200,585
6,969
243,282
4,109,538
8,514,870
5,707,691
20,332
585,200
286,230 10,018,050
6,718,122
5,038,592
17,886
529,524
288,396 10,382,256
5,669,769
7,636,053
19,134
598,717
7,666,151
9,507,225
283,983 10,805,553
23,691
717,911
261,274
9,627,947
8,215,884
7,768,118
17,554
494,756
251,393
8,796,720
7,315,088
8,615,238
14,245
403,230
253,553
8,727,294
8,376,953
7,017,709
8,684
238,967
258,388
9,825,153
8,153,108
8,803,279
7,666
217,614
242,477
8,370,306
7,902,145
6,942,113
3,865
109,450
191,743
6,603,628
8,404,600
7,511,443
2,936
80,990
222,506
8,129,971
7,017,708
7,465,076
5,200,296]95,955,159 15,136,211 ]435,187,967 403,103,630 ]240,061,747
Ounces of crude gold.
>
1858-1957--Continued
---
-
Gold
Year
Quantity'[
-
Quantity
I
Zinc
Lead
Value
Quantity
I
Value
Lb.
Lb.
$
$
89,202,871 11,525,011
282,996,423 14,874,292
97,908.316 14,265,242
305,140,792 13,961,412
102,793,669 18,612,850
302,346,268 15,269,696
92,362,240 11,990,466
319,199,752 12,535,931
64,134,746
5,365,690
248,783,508
6,742,282
50,608,036
254,488,952
5,378,878
3,228,892
43,149,460
3,216,701
271,606,071
6,495,731
49,651,733
347,366,967
8,461,859
3,683,662
39,428,208
344,268,444 10,785,930
3,073,428
21,671,711
377,971,618 14,790,029
2,053,828
46,057,584
6,023,411
419,118,371 21,416,949
65,769,906
6,558,575
412,979,182 13,810,024
73,254,679
7,392,862
378,743,763 12,002,390
77,980,223
485,364,420 16,317,952
7,865,0~5
66,435,583
6,700,693
490,185,657 16,480,042
50,097,116
463,269,005 15,515,104
5,052,856
42,307,510
4,971,132
405,285,476 15,214,417
36,300,589
4,356,070
294,797,469 13,265,886
25,852,366
353,497,689 17,674,884
3,244,472
2,240,070
347,990,146 23,489,335
17,500,538
306,400,709 41,884,977
41,783,921
8,519,741
43,025,388
9,616,174
332,996,351 60,072,542
54,856,808 10,956,550
263,580,549 41,645,726
42,212,133
9,889,458
307,122,803 44,391,530
43,249,658 11,980,155
273,456,604 50,316,015
42,005,512 13,054,893
284,949,396 45,936,692
49,021,013 14,869,544
296,559,781 39,338,655
50,150,087 14,599,693
332,474,456 45,482,505
302,567,640 45,161,245
44,238,031116,932,549
43,360,575 17,251,872
283,718,073! 44,702,619
29,318,494
7,631,897
281,603,346 39,568,086
2,916,652,085 ]476,690,590 12,284,544,537]880,027,584
Quantity
I
Value
Lb.
$
145,225,443
8,996,135
181,763,147
9,984,613
172,096,841
9,268,792
250,287,306
9,010,093
205,071,247
5,237,520
4,621,641
192,120,{)91
195,963,751
6,291,416
247,926,844
7,546,893
256,239,446
7,940,860
254,581,393
8,439,373
291,192,278 14,274,245
298,497,295
9,172,822
278,409,102
8,544,375
310,768,251 10,600,261
363,302,195 12,392,238
396,851,260 13,536,801
335,137,014 13,405,481
280,356,477 12,055,328
301,737,902 19,431,921
270,718,128 21,143,086
268,450,926 30,147,039
296,012,941 41,234,603
276,324,451 36,604,700
324,263,778 48,882,765
333,910,764 66,448,242
372,871,717 59,189,656
378,345,159 40,388,346
334,124,560 34,805,755
429,198,565152,048,909
443,853,004 58,934,801
449,448,607 50,225,881
9,893,251,300 ]781,317,148
Total
Value
$
45,133,329
48,425,033
51,553,654
41,336,036
22,913,300
20,153,031
25,617,806
34,749,071
41,557,691
45,013,867
64,471,028
55,548,348
55,026,441
63,197,057
63,601,981
56,401,251
46,551,312
39,677,886
50,395,662
56,995,052
93,376,750
126,565,161
105,788,525
122,234,174
146,858,388
134,606,323
110,744,778
112,083,307
129,672,736
135,113,813
112,049,638
2,909,240,195
:>;!
"'0.,
..,
:>;!
~
~
"';;;::
z
1!l
"':0
~
;;;::
z
"'
.V>
...,'<>
~
TABU VllA.-PRODUCTION,
Placer Gold
Division
Year
1
AlbemL.. -
__ _
Atli~L------··-·
Cariboo. ___ _
Clittton ..
-···-···
Fort Steele
Golde:tl--- --·····Greenwood
Ka:tnloops
Liard.......-.---··-···
Lillooet ...- . __
Nanalnto ...............
Nelson ... .
New Westmin:.ter
Niwla .. --·-·-···
1G56
1967
1956
1957
lMG
1$57
UHH>
i857
1956
1867
1956
19157
tt;j)6
1967
I
!
f
Trail Creek .
Vaooouver
Vernon------··
Victoria ... ·-··-
Totals_
~
........
1,81$
1,300 !
1,505 !
1.SSO I
61,483
36,861 !
I
4i0
r.,640,61'f
4,80:,4•8
1,(:21,013
"f,804,3i8
I
37,&18
laneous
Metals
•
1956
1957
1956
1957
!
1
l
I
1~56 I
19&7 ;
1956 j
Ut57 1
1956 l
1$57
I
I
I ............ l
·---- \
, ---...
I
I ............ I
l
l ............ ,
11;156 I ........ I ............
1957
1 ........ .••
~~:~
I .......
~?.
1,H9,rut8
............ I 11,073,408
8,997,9111i
.22,213ll
87,745
8,67:5.'Ui2
G,U8_3d
\ ---~·-~-~-~ I ~~~~::~~::::::~:::
1---·'"·~---
; ................
l ...............
UJOO
3,600
I ...............
!
666.836
-n,aas
19,930
3.8H
5,8:07
l
I
•.
1
1
I
1
- ··---- ----fil6,122
84~0
38l'i.4r~;;
575,N"f
73.824
2:a,12e
zu,Qso
I ....... ----·
I G.ll~.w.onn
I 9,24&,soo
!:~ r --::~; I --~~:~~ =::~::::~:~~~ :·~::·:.55 1
t,557
t,479,9H
37 I
1,021
1,643,212:
1 ......... I
24,916
........ ! --····----79.513
317 !
8,9:77 ! 1,8SiU~ll1
1 1
aa 1.,85'1,326
4 !
us
8.132,768
27 I
745
1.U:2,9tS
I ............
UHO;f(l6
•~
Jnera...
! ........... """"
I
I
M.
!
5781. """••-'""""""'
I
AND 1957, DY MINING DIVISIONS--SUMMARY
-.:..1-
... I ..................
42,dH~
'
2"f
j ••.. .......
60,.163.41}'1
;
2: I
56
<U,6'77,7H
1 ....... 1 ............ 1 a,iVIS,lS6
;
! ............ I 2:.47a,U8
I
1
1
66UHi
~
...... 1
1 1;115,868
H)M r
2s 1
798
4.se7
1967 I
7 I
193
·--··-·--~···---1958 1
6 I
170
998
ttoS7 I
6 ;
185 1 ..................
1956 I
54 I
1,529 I 4;024,683
1867 I
58 I
1,800 I 4,900,817
lllt.6 l
1 .......
4,61J)
1967 I ...... I ............
..................
1956 I
16
453
1-t,266,!'10S
19&7 I
86
1,798 I U,4f55,7i8
l9G6 I
12 !
340
716
1956 1
18$7 l
··---·-···
Value
! ........
Osoyoos .....
SJo<an
1
!I _______ j
tMo: 1
1967 I
-··
Lodo
M• tats
-~ -~--~I ---··---~-----1
........ ---~ .....-
Om.lneca ···-····-Revelstoke.. -------Sinrllkameen ____ __
'ff~
Principal
1956
I ........
I
1
311.1531
I
20,837
I ............
! .........
l
105,467
Fuels
Structural
MaterialS
I
I 6~,sa3
U1.471
I
{>,4!lf'.
I
23,0S4
! 381,0!.!U
l 398,333:
1
'1,50o
14.600
I '192,61!1
I 594,873
i
57,616
I "158,615
!
17,621
1 12,1oo
1 663,anu
I 1,836,9&3
I 124,404
I
241,aso
I
71'>,.'186
I
68,920
1 1,2"60,!H>n
1 1,78Ui3S
!
R6,041
I
95,760
! 5,511,RM
. . . I. .:~~:~~~ 1·· i~:iE
H,aafl 1 ........
86,&29
- ..........
r M6,s21
I 478:,866
42,112 f ...............
oo.us
......
4,742
202JJfH'
21$,1N
$5.789
48,051
9
1
I
1
I
!l9a.,rHls
648,068
2tt.<n5
1'f .un
i
67,1-n£:
1 ...
1
54,us
I ... - .. ------- ! 29l$,1M
! """"""""""""""" I "1"18,250
1
! 1.250,7R6
I
...... I "f ,tio.su
l
!
53,564
I .... ,...
!
&8.574
! 135,'198
. ...........
I 132,808
l 366,278 I 2.1~3.85!f
I 353,382 I 2,1'82,322
I
Coal
Quantity
I
---~-~-~ I~
Value
••. •........
--~~~~~:::::~~::
1
~;~:::
1 ....
r
Hl5!1 I
.... I
.......
128,433
I
l 7,537,538
19&7 I ...... I ............ f
262,7tl4
.... ~ ------- I ............... I 8,097 ..208
lfl56 13,865 1 109,4.011 11:l5.004.B63~ 14.B27,010~I10,3D0,33811120,587,109
1967
2,936 I 10,980 111,981,84811 t2.'7$S.$t2~118,361,761)!j2&,828,989
I
Quantity
I
I
j
I ---------
I ---- ------ """" !
1EI4.013 I
1
I
...... I
!
"""""
I ..... ----l
.. . ...
l
.........
I .... .......
-----~:~~ 1 - -~f~~~ :
A,l'iMI ~
4,981 I
......... 1
l
I
j
--·--···
I -- ----····
1
I
I 299,321
28,421 I 34e;946 I 783,721
j
I ...........
I
l.t\Z\),168 1
1,848,306 I
....... I
......
.........
I
I
I
I
I ............ l
.....
I .............
1i2.5'2fl
j
-------
1 ................ 1 ..........
'
I ...........
1 ----·...... _.
! ------
1 -----·
3:66,820 ' ........... I
$2,748 !
! ......
i
;
l
l
I
I
l
;
; --------
..... ........
1,4t1,20fl
1.086.687
! --------
I
.......... ! ............
j ...... ·-. ! .... -
j
Quantity
M
I
Totals
Value
8:~:~:. -~--~------i~--:-.-.•-,3
--········
--------------
..........
............
I
1'11,8$'7
! 5,7&2,429
l 4,&95,64"1
1.54fi,3ril<
1.'741.785
1
7,500:
I
18,0TB
I 6S.'133,iHi2
! tm,U1.&96
! 4.468.o6r•
3,228,8.82
757,:200
I 1;156,401
1
9-n2,5fln
I 1,$37,144
I 7,HJ3,:l07
1 10,648,864
1 4,1·4Hl,(}9~
4,eG:II,387
1'1,124,731
I 5,856,813
I 21,487,802
I 18,588,1&:2!
1 5,6\8,44~
f
!
i
!
I
!
!
!
I. .........
......
I ....
.. ....
.. ...........
......... 1
._ ..,
, '" .......
..._...........
H!'U~46
:.!0,143
8,274,942 !366,.967
.......
I
I ....
I
.-- ....... I ........... I
1
.....
.......... I "'"'" ....
...... 1 ..........
.. .......... 1 ..........
........ i : ·: - - - · :~::.::::~:::~ I :~:·:~:::: ! ,,o~:m
7U.ls. r ...........
47,414 I ...........
1 ............
I ............
I
-------------
I
Division
Natural GaJ
!
! ------
1
1 '1,228,993 j
I 6,310.136 !
!
!
! ............
I
j
I ..........
I
I ... .
1
1
l
I
4,64!! I
ll8.211 I 14f!,4.54
. .........
Value
l--n~:... ' ·- ~- -·
j
1
2,758 I
!
I
....... I
I
I
I ........... !
I -.......
1
1
Petroleum
...........
1 .......
I :~~:-~:.:~~: iI ·-_-_........
: : ::~::
.. ..............
....... t .......
I ............
9 ..:146,518 T"""i'48,4G4
'7,340,3:89 I 840,848
I
-l-299,321
l 783,721
~
~
.....
1 .......... 1 1.8!JO.M9
.. ........... 1 .......... r 2-278,704
.............. r
1
.. ............ 1 ........
............. !
-------·-· i
I .......... It
I ..........
.... I
......
............ ,
·------ ......
.•..
---~"
.......
!
!
~---
•uu~:.'1u
57o,aw
l,&U,1!Hi
1.4U.OM.
:8,794,849
2.144.7M
2,891,492
3,084,648
! ···""'"'' 111,329.179
! .......... 10,2'ni,H7
.............. l .......... ,
158,087
_ ......... l ..........
.zao.&&a
.............
11,261.62H
·---·--···~-..........
9,1$70.048
I
:~::::::::::: I ~:::::::
. .......... ! ..........
'1
~:~::~
1,665.971
............. I ........
s,u&,$90
H'l7,846 1-:.'10.143
9(),084.8~6:2
8.274,942 !388,887____!!2.284,8t7
>
N
~
t
Crude sold.
~Includes
metals and sulphur not completely assigned to mining divisions (.~ee 'table Vfl, B, C, and lJ).
Year
l
l!lil6
I
I
I
TABLE VliB.-PRODUCTION,
Division
AibernL
-----------·--
Atlin -·--------- _______
Cariboo. --------------Clinton ____________
l!lil6
1957
Fort Steele __
Golden_
Greenwood ____
Kamloops _
Liard-------·----· __________________
Lillooet __
Nanairno __
------
Nelson-----------·---New Westminster __
Nicola _
Omineca _
----
Osoyoos __________
Revelstoke ____________________
Similkarneen
Skeena _
-·--------·-------
Slocan -·------Trail Creek ___ ---·-----------·Vancouver __
Vernon-·------- ____
Victoria·--------·------------Not assigned 2 __
Totals_
1957
1056
1957
1956
1957
Hl56
1957
19i:i6
1957
1H56
1957
1956
1957
19l>6
1957
1956
1957
Hl56
1957
19i>6
1957
HJ56
1957
1956
1957
1HiHi
1))57
Hl56
1957
1956
1957
1H56
1967
1956
1957
1H56
1957
1956
1957
Hl56
1957
]f) 56
1957
1956
1957
1956
1957
Hifol)
1957
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
1
I
I
I
II
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Quantity1
I
o,_
I
Value
•
I
15,426 1
41,118 1
38,769 1
517,542
1,416,104
1,300,364
297
279 1
10,229
9,380
sl
------------..
168
1
1
I
I------
I
Quantity
I
Q,_
I
7, 71."1
74,045
34
4,4R2
4,640 1
2,539.478
2,491,430
17!>,184
106,383
630.728
711,983
1,Hi7
I
24.45n 1
30,380 I
55 I
I
4,167
3,959
I
.... I----I
I ......
I
1
1
1
1
1
1
I
1
1
1
1
1
I
1
39, 70H
37,945
2il,6fl5
79,413
73,323
74,145
218,7H7
87,767
3,926
11,977
12,3!!8
14,863
6,199
38,638
315,643
335,868
I
I
1
1
1
Value
•
609,257
4,006
8,952
4.064
6,475
1.\,603,628
7,465,076
2.269,608
2,188,964
15!!,248
92,814
!i63,701
819,831
989
I
I
I
1
f
I
I
I
l
I
I
I
I
l
I
1
I
I
Lb.
I
I
I
············--5,21 5,ilHG
3,870,199 I
!.!.270
1
·----------228,585
72,354
1,732
1,140,562
I
I
I
1
I
~.41)4,60{}
I
8,129,971 1
1
1
1
1
I
160
Quantity
Value
$
Lb.
2,075,046
1,007,451
---------------·
....... -----
I
I
5,737 1
I
R3,flfl;l I
44.868 I
2,565 I
2H2,2R6
239,944
11 t .flRf>
30,928
1.1171l.04fl
1,436,981
1 ,052.!"110
955,747
259
1.209
76.881
82,368
78,681
43,899
Hl.610,133
8,969,729
39,700
230,223
15,271,fl44
14,448,884
] ,30!'1
3.945
142.279
1 01-~HU:l
7,511,44:l
7,077,708
:nn,5Tt
955,933
2,423,986
1.509.134
43,:-\0I.l,U75
29.318,494
I
1
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
1
1
I
I
I
Quantity
I
Value
Lb.
I
•
1
539,169
682,581
I ........
90,947
18,834
689
298,900
22
-------I .................
I ... _____ -------
--------I------ ------
14,647,514 I
18,932,040 1
I ........... --I
180.268,315
164,080,122
15.070,028
6,909,862
28H,!Hi8
468,703
17,446
I
1 23,052,088
I 2,374,434
I
970,905
I
45,687
85,857
1
I
2,749
I
222,025,518
208,924,430
10,193,!!85
12,496,334
332,270
530,088
4,484
676
II
I
25,081
8,567
668
I
I
23,f>33.297 1
24,488,582 I
I-----------I
......
I
I----
2,283
33,419
11.680
1,021
31,305
11,375
7,802,284
1,814,290
..............
T!U<!'\1
59,929
6,076.24R
3,761,189
.....
127,124
1
248,839
1
964,4!'11
1
392,843
117,251,872
7,631,897
3.707,906
3,440,891
2.376,730 I
3,767,228 I
374,478
629,333
I
I------ ..
4.9<!11, 765 I
777,364
3,909,848 I
549,373
1.1174.597
1,499,780
36.8116,084
37,145,715
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
369 I
615.197 I
2,005,873 I
I
5,214,132 1
4,263,885 1
.. _. ___ I
317,437
83,819
31,663.743
34,075,711
52
!)6,030
281,817
no
,
.....
I 2,350.580
I 4.585,111
I 44,702,61.~
I 39,588,086
I
I
I
I
I
1
15,891.320 1
17,228,467 I
.....
I
I .........
14.!l75,761
32.489,579
'J8R.7lS.073
281,603,348
I
62,655.822
70.916.124
443.85a,oo4
449,448,807
1
2
F:ne gold.
Gold, silver, copper, and some lead" not assigned" were recovered at the Tacoma smelter from dross shipped from the Trail smelter.
the lead were recovered at the Trail smelter by "fuming " current and reclaimed slag.
I
I
I
I-
@
m
I
I --··--------I
I------I
I
I
~
..............
I
2,508,fl4H I
2,434,551 I
~
-----------
........ _. _____
78.397,830 I 10,409.664
79,563,010 I 8,891,168
216,582
210,734
f>,803,!lRS
5,219,344
I
\
1 29,480,548
I 23,347,305
1 1,353,557
1 1,396,465
44,119
1
59,235
I
I
595
I ...............
I
I
I
I·--------------4,i>70
1,944,897
2,115,655
-- --I
I
I- ------------I
---···
1 28,403,076
4,292 1
I
G:l,030 I
32.909 1
l,G7S I
Value
I ---------------•
3,421,993
4,857,885 1
903
I
11.487 1
I
:::!
Zinc
I
I
I
1 .464
4,532
15!),197
117.160
I
I
I
I
I
21,R60
28,431
40
699,1H7
692,253
200
Lead
I---------------·
1
56 r
I
782.3::16
795.172
224
184
327,040
275.617
124.!Hlf>
35,524
1,541.908
1,650.598
1,178.107
1,097,841
2!l0
1.389
86.023
94,614
Quantity
300
133,B2!! I
1 HI,GHO
127,667 I
111,14'l
121 I
1 OS
I ............ _____
74 I
66
I
I----------------.... __________
1
1
I
1
I
I
I
1
I
4,002,823
4,874,446
121 1
118 1
1
I
336 I
I
1,153
1,131
688
2,387
2,129
2,21o
6.353
2,818
114
357
aso
443
180
1,089
!l,165
1o,oo5
Copper
I .................
7
8 I
69o,too 1
616,763
684,969 I
>
BY MINING DIVISIONS-PRINCIPAL LODE METALS
I----I .........
I1
116,226 1
145,289 1
1957,
Silver
12 \ ---- -------40a
13,496 1
464.802
I-.-......... ______
118
193
191,743
222,506
I
I
I
I
AND
Lod' Gold
224
2,207
,·
1
I-----·········
I
I
I
1956
333,138
272,061
6H2,3il2
478,489
42,149
9,367
4,204,312
3,807,961
19
2,110,050
1,925,281
-------.. --
I 8,319,440
I 7,924,877
1 58.934,801
1 50,225,881
The zinc and most of
@
I
:0
....
"'
=--=-==;====;=-'·
TABLE VIIc.-PRonucnoN, 1956 AND 1957, BY MINING DivtsroNs--MiscELLANEous METALs
'c·---=,,,_- .. _
Antimony
Division
Year
BL,muth
1
I
Cadmiumtt
.....
Indium
Iron Ore
1
Mercury
Tunzsten (WOs)
Tin
)
Quan.
thy
Value
Division
Quantity
Quantit)l
Value
Qn11.n- j Value
uty
Quan1ity
Quanuty
Value
•
Allin ..
Quan-
Totals
Wy
Value
Lb.
•
•
84.8H
104,160
Fort Steele
637,7~2
655,936
41,368
19,930
3,.'!44
6,307
Golden
Greenwood
Lillooet
Nanaimo~­
~
Nelson
:::!
Omineca.
~
k.eve!stoke
S!mllkameen
Skeena
4,7'42
202,01)7
Slocat~
219,198
85,11Hl
Vanc(mver
Notas-signedl ~
41!1,061
Jl19l'
Ht
1957
Totals..
lt5fl,
r·
..........
1 2, l40,4:J'2i7flKR4~
rr.s l34!l,4<J4j c 163.'27!.!11 ,!H2.60"" ila~J;~, t92'7!15,<mol
---- !. -------···----~ ----1 . •.• ..•
~j •••• •• •• ··[
! 1,390.731 577,344 141!1i,634 314,569! 1,181,38711 ,925,GG1 384.360 6'JS.770 ..... "'""'L ............. _ ........ 1 . .....
. . f
I
tlHH.I l 2.140,4321'H:I~.S4S ioo.'fcL'HlH6.42411.9~7.fiZ713.2:lG.:t3FI nn:lU92!71Hi,390 ~flfi,Ol:H'tl2,1»0,1l4 7
l.
. 1fi6 !1::l416,l1 7'12 !U:M,7751H 351~376 l
1967 ! 1 ,9$0,731"577,344 145,634'314,1569 1,946,39713,172,627 384,360'8!!13,770[357,34212,201>,637
.... l•. 70&,102 555,936 1,921,433 5,240,479 1
'
'
'
'
'
'
'
.
t Antimony assigned to individual mining divisions is the reported content of ooncentmtes exported to foreign smelters.
Antimon.v " not assigned •• is the antimony content of
antimonial Je:Hl produced at the Trail smelter and antimony reported as :!'?COVered from Dore sial} and flue dust expo:rtm:t
11 Cadmium assigned to individual mining divisions is the reported content of custoros ~hipment:s to tbe Trail smelter and to foreign s:meltern. Cadmium " not assigned " is. the
remainder of the reported estima1ed recovery at the Trail refinery from British Columbia ~oncentrates.
3 Antimony. bismuth. and indium recovered at the Trail smelter may include some rnetai fro-m ooun:cs outside BrHish Columbia, In addition to metal contained irt Briti:ID C...olumhla
!Yfes and concentrates. 'rhe Trail output of each of lhe lhree metals is shown as .. not ai>Signed."
NoTE.-In l956 about 40 tons of manganese ore was shipped for experimental purposes by Olalla Mines Ltd.
>
~
'".
;..
TABI.E VIIo.-PRoouCTION,
='·-=;==7'
j
I
---,.--- j Qt~_l
--~Qu-'-'"'_..._t- v~u-~
Asbestos
Division
Fort Steele ----···
Golden
Greenwood
Kamloops
Liard._
New WCNtminster
Omineca --------
Osoyom ___ _
Vancouver
Not assigned
Totals
l ·~-~~~J
lHI :, Hr
HliitJ!
1957 I .
~
$
$
TonJJ
:~:~ ~ ~:.
T<J"~o~
Value
3
soo
······· ..}':·~=
UtanUles
Fluxes (Lime.
Q:::: I
Val:-
l!HHl 1
1.
1956 I
(Quartz.
Um~
stone, and
------.1---.
...............
1957! .... -·1 ............
JH~•6 12U,3:t'ifii6J~20,060
1957 '31,7fiNJ,245,8QO
1
t
iH3,5&;tj294,0ftO
....... !. ........
.. .... j '"'"""'"""
--·-----
Tons
1 :
·1 :
......
............. j..
.. ...... 1
23,2GO ! 366,2781
340,8-:.n
479,866
36{1,2'Hi
353,352
21,371 1 342,0321
··- t.64,67UDI1,6-f6.790! 1 ,646,7!)1)
...... !............
.1
19&,77!1Pr1,887,720; 1.8&7.72:0
i':.t.lf78l391,!H9 20o.(i{i'o -!L1M ztz--:881) j2,523.HH)flO.iHJ0.338
&9,498'142,761 180,000 11.200 226,550 !2,872,33218,381 ,751
ll.43G12~7,6!W ----;.~ · 7H.31 WUI2,429
20,07.2"433,20('
1.20i 2,400 137,433 442,2-04
I.
I
divi~ions.
!
I
""'
~
Sil
;!
"')::
z
1··;n:i~ ~
......... j..........
1..... ----1-- ............. 1
.1-
-1-
Estimated.
Does not inch!de V;tlue of cootaintrs.
Recovery at Trail smelter for use in Warfield fertilizer plants, and derived from several m:ning
•i -:·:
uwo
3,600
510,12::!
8U,&&o
385,495
575.881
13,$24
28,1.26
··--·-··--- i
294.o::w
............. J...... _. ____ _, __ .
. ....... j 6.1120,06il
.• j......
. ...... -... !
. .. _________1 .... "··
. _J ........ -... ...
I
.
!
Vatue
_ .J. . --~---- J •
... j..........
....... j ····--··
.! """"
............ 1
63,817f27fl,fl74
96,7011398,741
... !.
1.
I
Division
Totals
~ ~~.~~~~ · · · · ·• • · · =~-~~~~.~~:~;~ ······~:'!':~~, ·~:.~~~~ :7:-~~~1
·····
- .. !
Sulphur
Mka
<t::·r· ~ 1'-~-~~-~ue r~~-~Value I ~ \
I
.. f.
··f·............
Pr<>ducts
T~...r ..... ~ ..... l Tons j -----~---·· ... :~~- _j -----~----· 20o~Oo k1~01
..... ..
..... 1......... ---
Gyp$1Ulland
Granito)
.... j.. ...............
1957 !
-1 '"""" .......
19M! ....... ;..... ........
1$$7 ! ...... '-•I ·-- .... .......
1957
BY MINING DrvJsroNs--lNDUSTRIAL MINERALS
stoue, ~rt1:)
m~ ~···"·:··::·":":0.'
i
3
o·1tiltom1te
.
1957,
1956 i:;0,35iV6,620,060S
Nanaimo
l
'I
Barite
AND
Year
HH>O
Caribou
1956
!
~
;;:;
z
j)l
:0
~
TABLE VIIE.-PRODUCTION,
Division
IBuildingLimestone
stone
Lime and
Cement
Year
I-------~------- ! -------~------- ---~
1
1
Albemi ---------,
Atlin ..........
Cariboo....
Clinton
-------
___________ _
Fort Steele_
Golden_.
Greenwood ....
Kamloops ______ __
Liard
-----------
Lillooet.
1956
1957
1956
1957
1956
1957
1956
19157
1!l56
1957
Hl56
19157
1956
1957
1956
19&7
1956
1957
1956
1967
I
1
1 ----····-------- 1 ••••..........
1
1
......
I
I
1
1
1
1
I
I
I
I
I
I
1
I
1
1
1
I
I
1
I
I
1
......
1
I
l
1
I
I
1 ......
I
I
I .... .....
I
............
I ....
Revelstoke_____
Hlr>6
........ I
I
I
I
. .....
I
I
I
I ............... I
J
J
1957
Similkameen .. ---- 19;)6
1AB7
1!l56
Skeena
1967
1956
SJocan ____ -----.. --1957
Trail Creek _____ ...... 1956
1957
Vancouver..
1956
1957
Vernon .. _________ ,_ 1956
1957
Victoria ___________ _ 1956
19157
Totals .... 1 1956
1957
I
I
I
I
I
I
l
I
I
I
I
1
1
I
I
1
1
I
I
I
I
I
I .....
I
.... I . ......
I
I ......
I
...... I .........
! 1,06.'1,551
R5,QQO
~ 1,306,434 1189,195
!
I
I
I ... ........
1957
1956
..... ----..
1957
1956
New Westminster
1967
Nicola ... --------1956
1957
Omineca __
_ Hll'i6
..... _____ ... 1957
Osoyoos _______________ 1!H'i6
1957
I
..... I . ......
1
r
.
....
I
I
Nanaimo................ ,1fl56 I
Nelson
1
........
..........
I ........
97,665 I ...........
132,144 I
.......
....... I .........
............... I ..........
............... 1 ............
.......
I
............
........
I ..............
I
I
I
.........
I
,............
___ ....
I ............
..........
!
..........
I ----------51.182 I ...........
44,400 1 ............
I ................
I ..........
............
I ................ !
6,500
1
I 1,860
I
I 97,650
______ ...... 1
I 46,265
........ 1
.......
I .........
I
I
6,339,071 I
8,394 I ..........
7,078,108 I
11,600 I
6.339,07111,220,7921139.150
7.078,108 1 1,494,578 I 236,110
1956
AND
Rubble,
Riprap,
and
Crushed
Rock
~.790
1957,
BY MINING DIVISIONS-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS
Face,
Sand
and
5t04a
166,835
5,048
21,942
':!G9,Hl2
395,613
7,500
14,600
11iL221
157,525
56,fnfl
153,0HS
14.164
5,000
269,501
450,045
124,1R7
239.814
74.880
54.920
4.5VR I
Paving,
mon)
Sewer
Brick
(Com-
Gravel
\
5,142 )
aso I
1,092 I
111.834'
720 I
I
I
79.473 '
437,348
400
500
3,457
7,100
393.849
1,186,908
217
2,168
1,000 !
5,000 I
Brick
I *
Fire-
and
bricks.
Blocks
............
• \
·········--·
I
1
Clays
Structural Tile
(Hollow
Drain-
Blocks),
Sewer-
Roof-tile.
Floor-tile
-----~---
*
tile
Pottery
and
(Glazed
pipe
glazed)
*
I
Other
Division
Clay
Totals
or Un- Products
* \ * 1
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
..... . .
I ........
I
. . ........
. ......
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
6*0.833
171,477
5,428
23,034
381,0!.!f;
396,333
7,500
14,&00
1!l2,6!l4
594,873
57,016
153,515
17,621
12.100
663,356
1,836,953
124.404
241,980
75.880
59,920
157.417
/
1,2fiO,fiflfl
4.845 I
286.059
23,313 I
62,728
836 r
94.926
282,239 I 3,184,877
1,366,125 I 2,630.953
4,500!
16.747
I
20.523
10,000 I
2R3.r.RR
150,484 1 497,584
1,680 1
2S,335
10,000 I
1,370
32,105 I
35.391
I
54.185
39,500 I
2i'i5.6f)O
215,000 I
93.250
75,393 I 1.124.211
32,345 1 1,314,123
5,730 1
47,834
I
58.574
16,000 I
113,2!H~
12.000 I
11q.16"1:
1,085,171
857,043
14,387
2,615-045
ao.ooo
29R_RRR
5,000
187.408
3,686
1,0R4.977
6.791
111171.410
2.210,315 I 8.535,34R
4.272.768 '1 0.503.274
I
I
I
)
I
·······-I
I
I
I
I
----·---··
····
I
I
....... -
I
I
I
I
I
<>35,550 I 47,101
595,003 I 29,495
I
I
I
I
61,909
14,581
I
.....
1 ............
I
1
I
I
1
I
I
I
I
1
1
I
I
I
1
1 13,l'IOR
1 8,238
1
........
I
I
550
1 1.528
I 75.767
I 24 345
I ... I
1
I
159,492
128,920
1
...........
-- ---·
I
I
I
I
I
1
I
I
I .....
I
I
!
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
......
I
I 18,290
I 45,447
47,1011129,257
29,495 I 200.216
------.
r.R,034
53,687
........
7,169
10,183
1 85.1761600.753
345,081 I 658.873
I
I
I
I
I
12,4Ro
35,774
)
I ----- ---· I
............
---.......
67,300
8,101
60.527 12,612
696,385138,385
697 611 I 47.612
I
I
I
I .........
I 10,167
I 9,948
1 .....
I ........
I
I
169,6!59
I 38.888
I
I
I
I
I
I 1,786.533
I
86.041
I
95,760
1 5,511,859
1 6,933,381
I
21,247
I
20,523
I 293,588
I
848,068
1
25.011'\
1
11,370
I
67,496
I
54,185
I
2!Hi,1 i'\0
I 118,260
I 1,2i'i0,71'lfl
1 1,390,868
I
fi:l,r.64
I
158.6'74
I
135,7!lR
I
132.808
I 2,133,!W'\
1 2,782,322
1 328,8Rf.l
192,406
I 7,537,53R
I 8,097,208
120,587,159
125,626 989
I
>
N
"'
>
~
TABLE VIIIA.-PRODUCTION TO DATE BY MINING DIVISIONS-SUMMARY
Fuels
Placer Gold 1
Division
Quantity
I
Value
Oz.
I
$
Alberni ---····1,610
33.052
Atlin
_____ _
728,157 ! 17,170,234
Cariboo ____ _
2,590,132 1 53,588.697
Clinton .. ___ ----------10,0841
240.583
Fort Steele __________ _
465,363
20,425
469
11,268
\ 5,051
114,996
Kamloops ____ _
27,519
602,594
Liard ... _________ _
50,082
1,245,186
t,ss6,s:n
Li11ooet
----- ] 91,651
866
19,300
Nanaimo ··------.
3,573
88,649
Nelson."
New Westminster_
11,531
241,454
230
4,652
Nicola.___
-----~
52,368
1,386,555
Omineca----------- ---190
4,142
Osoyoos ------------ . ---7,574
164,2!11
Revelstoke ------Similkameen ____ _
287,038
12,106
4,603
105,569
Skeena --------Slocan _____________ _
362
9,286
Trail Creek 3 ______ _
848
24,176
182
5,306
Vancouver------------Vernon _________ _
2,394
63,588
Victoria ____________ _
15,680
628
Not assigned ________ _ 1,577,661
18,176,703
Totals _______ _ 5,200,296195,955,159
g~~~~~~od~.-------~~-~----
Principal
Miscel-
Lode
Metals
laneous
Metals
Industrial
Minerals
I Structural
Materials
Quantity
$
$
11,657,492
------37,482,188
387,814
36,690,196
23,730
847,454
900
1,428,187,403
8,302,270
33,083,061
193,689
114,689,685
48,393
3,044,836
65,678
6,312
79
108,209,951
48,350
5,880,933 24,559,080
127,422,735134,684,151
127,234
87,724
571,128
17
16,949,484 15,311,294
50,147,236 !
1,020
10,228,649
159,853
120,000,865
128,401
207,652.391
274.317
1,081,879
157,328,983
R8,R81,789 I
35,5643
192,716,4241
51!1,245
188,310 --------5,593,0641
24,508
55,697,233 43,965,560
2,813,285,036 !129,899,516
I
I
I
$ 9,398
I
$
903,716
20,325
181,912
162,680
2,848,193
162,867
94,445
2,717,621
3,873,161
2,303,072
1,059,404
2,323,897
510,549
5,661,206
6,528,308
24,064,298
915,597
5,1291
710,718
663,204 23,542,352
64,126
2,288,721
301,300 149,002,792
9,610
298,711
11,460
1,941,220
2,208,867
909,964
----------- \
968,471
18,558 1 2,016,142
6,774,201
1,240,215
598,388
1,285,712
5,694,371 123,298,486
3,978
1,911,230
190,451 91,174,022
21,587,285 I 25,927,555
76,291,020 1248,696,868
I
I
1
I
Value
I Quantity I
Division
Totals
Natural Gas
Petroleum 2
Coal
Value
Quantity
Value
I
-~- ::'.I ~~- ~:CF
I
''" I '·'tlll
..... I .......... . ·············· - I
Ton'
$
••~•
52,723,789
t4,995
86,743
I 2~-=:~~~:849
j -···---I
59,765
577,552
=~:=::=~~
________
I
1
1
489,981
1
?'·'"•""['~:·''"·~~ ~- ~;
1
I
2,928,372 1 11,065,272
406,524 I
2,490,171
------·-
__________ 1
_____ 1
__ _______
1,063,042
$
12,603,658
55,242,473
93,314,596
-~=~---ll,6~~::~~:~Z~
__________
···----------
__________
___________
8,692,322
411,685
1
n7,687,520
15,962,387
28,283,751
==~=;·~ ;;~ ~ r;;mm!
-_
____________
__________
_____
... _______ \
1
11,949,390
38,090,184
f:l
~
!il
Slttl
I
.~1 ·~ ~~= ~~~~~~~ ~!il
s::
'0
-·-··----- I
------
140,499,723 1540,208,640
---·- -- I --------
------·· _____ I
489,981 11,063,042
I
171,354,336
8,692,322 ~ 411,685 ~3,905,810,966
1 Quantity of placer gold is given in ounces of crude gold. The year of first recorded production for the major placer-producing mining divisions was: Atlin, 1898; Cariboo, 1858;
Lillooet, 1874; Quesnel, 1858.
:~Includes 582 barrels produced for test purposes in 1955, no value assigned.
s Re "Trail Creek " and re "not assigned," see footnotes under Tables Vllls and VIlle.
NoTE.-Full details for placer gold are given in this table. The columns headed " Principal Lode Metals," "Miscellaneous Metals," "Industrial Minerals," and "Structural
Materials" give the total. value only, detail1> being set forth in Tables Vllh, VIlle, Vllln, and VIllE. The quantity of coal is gross output;
~ee
footnotes to Tables DU, IXs, and IXc.
....
"'
TABLE VIIIB.-PRODUCTION TO DATE BY MINING DIVISIONS-PRINCIPAL LODE METALS
Copper
Silver
Lode Gold
Lead
Zinc
Division
Totals
Division
Quantity
Alberni ________ -------Atlin __
---------Cariboo ______ .
Clinton .. ___ ---------------Fort Steele ----------- ----Golden ·--~ ·---~-----··-·
Greenwood ...
Kamloops ..
Liard ..
··--·
Lillooet --·-······- --------~Nanaimo ..
Nelson .......... ---···--·····
New Westminster ...
Nicola ..
Omineca ___
Osoyoos __ ··-·····-··-·"'
Revelstoke . ---····---~--Similkameen __ ···--····
Skeena ...
·- -····--·-···
Slocan ___ . --····--·-· .
Trail Creek 1 -·····-·········Vancouver --······- ---·-··Vernon -----~- ---····--····
Victoria __________ ····-Not assigned 2 .·-~----·-··Totals --····-····
Oz.
300,103
344,t63
I
I
I
Value
$
11,232,002
12,125,578
36,614,193
t,ots,745
827,328
23,390
3,925
104,597
2,671
1o5 1
1,135,619 I 24,456,890
47,868 1 1,608,328
4,120
1141
3,081,786 1 107,757,686
84.009 1 1,919,998
1,328,787 1 41,551,552
112,407
4,416 1
234,914
8,525
763,333
24,765
1,621,961
49,355,162
35,606 1 1,030,387
6,293,366
183,015
2,392,955
60,223,342
15,194 1
435,050
2,948,796 1 62,555,449
13,920,557
437,347
5,223
176,048
812,730
37,663 1
55,03t 1 1,063,804
15,136,111 435,187,967
1
1
1
I
!
I
I
!
Quantity
I
I
Value
Oz.
$
77,499
t6t,227 1
3,375,330 I 2,893,940
71,340
tt4,o89 1
14,214
31,564 I
t9t,264,912 I tos,ss4,977
1,878,673
2,623,479 I
30,235,873 1 17,540,945
181,91!4
304,512 1
446
540 I
449,682
761,806 1
336,281
570,325 I
4,476,869
7,614,065
6,180
13,380
126,588
267.419 1
7,404,246
9,339,812 1
383,625
584,398 1
3,963,618 I 2,641,955
2,581,525
4,218,5931
66,203,751
41,777,629
43,034,925
67,954,333 I
3,620,741 I 2,066,041
4,713,375 I 2,852,189
8,084
12,823 1
453,303
815,598 1
4,338,067 1 2,948,607
403,103,630 1 240,061,747
I
I
Quantity
I
I
Value
I
Lb.
2,290,699
24,777,597
z,Jsz
57,548
zs,sgz
628,005
442,394,706
6,411,583
56
4oo
22,135,435
t4, 798,310
28,t67
555,712
6,732,597
2,783,966
t53,740
601,103,456
687,106,270
229,696
121,136,623
916,289,250
654
24,t91,29o
40,8o5,32t
2,916,642,085
$
343,518
I 8,160,266
1
920
5,905
1
1
6,193
218,185
1
I 70,810,683
I 1,179,668
22
I
41
I
I 3,624,654
1,682,270
1
7,047
1
108,513
1
I 1,541,211
399,900
I
1
51,037
1 111,t11,551
1 98,025,648
1
43,512
1 18,034,726
1 149,206,205
1
100
1 4,023,260
1
8,105,555
1 476,690,590
I
Quantity
I
I
I
Lb.
Quantity
Value
I
I
I
Lb.
Value
$
I
I
I ----·· ________
$
11,657,492
37,482,188
36,690,196
I
847,454
I
1 1.428.187.403
1
33,083,061
1 114,689,685
1
3,044,836
I
•.m
I 108,209,951
202,224,633 I 24,611,555
28,425 I
481
12,755 1
1,119
2,235,428 I
90,516
10,597
320,683 I
30,393,283
3,787,282
27,162,955 I 3,453,412
256,957 I
8,151
6,839 I
398
23,365,267 1 2,876,351
34,437,100 1 3,628,919
246,806 1
10,459
72,275 1
3,964
16,706,218 1 2,487,361
57,454,378 I
5,138,411
767,978,914 I 59,528,567
54,286,929
580,921,580
158,016,367
919,768
18.485,041 I
5,305,805
17,733,528 I
1,781,320
191,450,082
24,956,153
24,913 I
2,932
10,816
1,146
21o,o97 I
19.8481
3.568.709 1
283.923
275,340,730 1 32,390,377
72,264,075 1 tt,t82,415
12,259,830,077 I 880,027,584 9,893,251,300 1 781,3I7,t48
I
__ I _
127,234
571,128
1
16,949,484
1 50,147,455
I 10,228,649
120,000,646
1
1 207,652,391
1
157,328,983
I 88,881,789
I 192,716,424
1
188,jto
1 5.593,064
1
55,697,233
1 2,813,285,036
I
ttz,sss I
23,765,211
24,560
t93
10,831,153,299
190,093,340
13,326,674
538,097
10,102
62,463
···--····--··--··
$
4,473
I 3,437,907
3,724
I
I
7
I 747,791,058
I 17,395,314
I
962,413
45,030
1
1
1,724
1
2,542
1-·····--
--91:067:749 f ""i"0:864~97
sos
-
--------------
7.896.683.401
186,539,395
13,977,319
438,023
----····---
19
I ....
1574.430.578
13,588,218
918,754
29,826
I . . ··-··1
f
--424:275~485 l ··ss:094:4S9 l 12~:!~~:~j;
I
I
1
I
I
1 Includes zmc and lead recovered at the Trail smelter from current and reclaimed slags and also lead recovered at the Tacoma smelter from dross shipped by the Trail smelter,
prior to 1953.
~Includes all metals recovered from dross and slag (see note 1) in 1953 and subsequently.
>
!:l
;»
"'
00
TABLE Vlllc.-PRODUCTION TO DATE BY MINING DIVISIONs--MISCELLANEOUS METALS
I
Antimony"i
DivisJon
Quantity
I
Value
Atlin. _________ _
Bl•muth
Quantity
I
Value
--~~-~----I--
Osoyoos _____________ _
Revelstoke ··---Similkameen ___ _
Skeena ___________ _
Slocan -----·-------[
Trail Creek ... __ _
Vancouver ________ _
1
4,321
I ----------- I _ _ I
=~~:
_ _ _ ,_ _
-------- I ----------
~;:~ I :::~ I=~~~== \~~==:=
1
---
31,865
1
Value
S,15S
178,783
16,998
Kamloops ______ _
Liard ___________ _
Om.ineca _________ ····-
I
---
14,906
13,466
Quantity
2,418
107,322
10,273
--Lb. - / -
Lillooet --------Nanaimo ..-----···Nelson____. ___ --··-New Westminster
Cbromitc
Cadmium•
~-~ ~~.~~•= 1--s~= j _:_t:.s?s
"Cariboo _______ _
Clinton. ________
Fort Steele-----Golden ____ _
Greenwood ___ _
40,0621
I
8,133
===!==
Victoria _____ _
----- - - Not assignedl 2 a- 35,061,516 \8,595,166
Totals __ 35,260,80218·~~198
---
s
367,454
o:J:r-1 Value
2,550,285
115,681
195,694
88,092-------···---
123,2581
~:-~Value
Tons
126
----
Lb.
900
--
~--···-
670 31,39!5
o:.:- I
Oz.
-~-----
150,711
253,!577 ---- - - -
===
---- -- --1-- --- -=::==
=== -243,953
~:~~ ~~~.S86 =:=
---····---- - ! !1H,245
-~---
--
I
Value
s
Quantity
I
Tons
I
I
----------- ---------- ----· - -~1--
4,5'18,100 7,499,154 18,'133,125 16,111;619 -I
4,578,100 17,499,154 21,758,967131,431,167
796132,295- 1,730
I
==
--
----
-,-
s
Manganese
Quantity~ Value ~:t(
I
Lb.
Value
Is I I
TODS
$
17,1091
59,883
-------- ---~=:::== =-~== -----~------ --------- _ ___
3,93S,ISS 124,559,080
~~::=::::==
-----
-------·
--6,000
-1--
550
866~653 h;1S9,578
==·~=
~----- I
1,925
~
__ -- -- -----1-
~
------- 1---- I
~
~
--------., __
-----····
-------
-----
_,
541
I s,160
• • - ---1 ===~ I== I'·'~~ 124,5~
420 866,65311,759,!578 3,954,014124,626,888 204,632,88,184
1,708132,668'
Ailtimony assigned to individual nurung divisiot1s is the reported content of concentrates exported to foreign smelters. Antimony " not assigned " is the antimony content of
antimonial lead or of other antimony products recovered at the Trail smelter.
2 Cadmium assigned to individual mining divisions is that reported by operators of individual mines from concentrates shipped to the Trail smelter and to foreign smelters,
Cadmum " not assigned " is the remainder of the reported estimated recovery at the Trail refinery from British ColUmbia concentrates.
a The antimony, bismuth, and indium recovered at the Trail smelter are not assigned to mining divisions. In addition to the quantities of these metals from British Columbia
sources, some may be fJ;_om sources outside British Columbia.
'Does not include some ore shipped for testing purposes by Olalla Mines Ltd. in 1956.
Year of first recorded prodllction: Antimony, 1907; bismuth, 1929; cadmium, 1929; cbromlte, 1918; indium, 1942; iron ore, 1885; magnesium, 1941; manganese, 1918.
1
~
~
~
= = I 204,632 188,184
1,200
----- --- - - - - ----
---1----
Magnesium
Value
•= = •===I== === I
-- ---- - - -- -··- -- --···----- -- - -······ - - ------ --·---·-····· -- - - ---------- -----· 1,730 420
--------- ---·-- -------
Iron Ore
Indium
Cobalt
I Is I Is I
- - - - - - -----·- - - - - --··-----·--- ----- - -----1,498,325
I
~
~
Jll
"~"
-
TABLE VIIIc.-PRonucnoN TO DATE BY MINING DIVISIONs--MiscELLANEous
I
I
Mercury
I
Molybdenite
Nickel
l'a1Iadium
Quantity! Value
Quan- -~ Value
tity
Division
Allin ___ _
Quantity
I
Vatu.
Lb.
I
$
I Quantity! Value
Lb.
$
Lb.
~
j
f
o.. I
$
I
Clinton .._ .....
Fort Steele..
Golden
:i~9~7 (
Greenwood
)(am looi~$ ..
Liard
Revelsloke -------
2,44<)
2,448
1,020
I
u,o22
Sktlletta..... _____ ··-····-
____
_
- -----~---
l
------- I-----$
21
3
__:::::=::: ::==
281":4-531"87~724
2~~~~-~~:~
1,600
1,840 ----1--1,02()
SimiU::atneen._____ _
Siocan ···---~~-­
Trail Creek
Vancouver. _______ _
Victoria··-··-·"'--··
Not assigned ____ ._
Quanti0 Val~ Iou:- I Va1oe
Oz.
I
13,022
=~~~ IE~-: == I=
-·---- I -~---
;
749 i30,462
1:----::'143:148 1-~
==== 1-=~~
--·-·
.,,.,-,A ==:.,,.. ===:
i
I
4,163,662,10.409,609
M,698
~···--
281,453
1
I
1•
·~~ 1~0.462
I
I
Selenium
o,,
-1-------1---------1---- ......
--1·---
Lil)ouet
1,783 i
Np.naim'1
Nelson . ............... _.
New We!i.tminster
Omineca .............- .. 4,150,8:92]10,400,2:59
Osoyoos. ·······-····-··
Pla-.n
--~~~ I_ _:::~
Ca<iboo
METALs-Continued
_;:
79
113
~~::.~ lj; :~~=~~~
···---·- ·-~~-1.27<> 1128,401
~~=~:: I:::=-_-:
~311,177
__ --- ---~..
---- - -
-- - - ·
1,9301134~223
----
$
Quantity
1-b.
10,534,526
l
I
I
Tungsten {W<>3)
Tln
Value
$
Quantity
Divi!OOn
Totals
Value
Lb.
2'13
27,698:
$
$
360
21,431
3111,814
23,730
900
f 8,208.931
11,301,270
193,689
48,393
. ._____ 6s.•;:
. . .~==~= ·---~-~~~ 24,5~::~g
13,083,243 I)2,1 15,488 1 34,684,1SI
2;2Io,s9i
1,784
I~:~~~~~~ 1s,3:1:~~
:5,tiS7
I -.-------·-·
~
~
159,853
128,401
--=~~ I ---~ 1.~1~~~
------1 --------- "·'""
-~------
----~
--·--- I - - -
S1S,245
24,sos
I
. - 43,965,577
1:5,362.009l3~878"§281129.899,5t6
I
I
Year of flnt recorded production: Mercury, 1895; molybdenite. 1914; nickel, 1936; palladium, 1928; platinum, 1887; Hlenium, 1931; tin, 1941; tungsten, 1937.
>
~
>
w
0
TABLE VIIIo.-PRooucTroN TO DATE BY MINING DIVISioNs--INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
'
. ---------------=··
....
Asbesto;;
Arsenious Oxide
:tlentooite
:Barite
I
Division
tity
:
I
!
Lb.
$
Diatomite
Fluorspar
___ _____
Quat>- IValue j•Quan·l
tity
_
I
·=-~==:===~===;==·
'
ions!
-
V
alue
$
IQu.n-1
tity
Tons
I
I
V
alue
$
-~·
Granules
Flux_(Cluartz.and
Lxmestone.)
j
,Qu..,.,y IQuan-lv IQuan.!y
l I Qua~
tity
.
aluc
-~--
Tons
$
tity
alue
I
Tons I
$
tity
.
:due
$
Golden
-------------
Greenwood..
Kam!oops
--
----- ..,..... 1 - -
-----------1---
Tons
_____
~::~~~----
·-·--- -----:~:=.-:-~ :_
~~-----
-_::
-------i-
... - ...----\----
______ ;~-~~~-~-~~~- _:-~--=:~:=.!- :::~---== :::::=::1
-~----
.:::.:::1==-·: :::.::1
22'~~;~i~2~'i:~ -_=0.-k~-::~~-~[0~=
___
$
-------
.. -----~ ------....
r--------
J-tydro-
magneslte
(}ypsite
and~~mitc)
"'~
Qua~• va1ue
I
Tons
$
:~·~:~~!
::j
~
$
.: . .
~
••<7 - - - -
_:_:::::··:
r
-·····---1---·-·-- ----.---1------------------1
-----1---··-··
-------1-----------1-----------___________ , _____ 80.977124,064,298--------1-------- _________ ,
llard
~;0,;!knrn'"'".
.... ] ... _,., _______ 109,27111,376,706
(}yfffiUITL(l.Ud
tity ~
tity
~i~::~~ ~- -:::~~ -:~:::~==~J== :~_:_:l ----- :=.~=t: ~~~= ·-:~~-J-- l;~~~~j~~~~~i~i~ts~~-cl~--- --------- 1
:·:::::!':=--:=:=:= --------s:. - 80 --:==~--- :_~ ~-::::=::·
~Qwutz,
Limestone,
;;::
I
-·-·--
--~--
---~:.:I::=:=:. ~ :=::-
-----
-==!==
~
~
-- _ _ _ I
-
=~~~16,:~; -~t=~=
::::::;:,~li,;~.;.~ ,;=~~-.::1~\.;;;;.1:=~.\.;:;;, --,ci c~
1 Includ'es 30 tons of volcanic ash. worth $300,
Yeut of first recorded producti-on: Arsen\<;)us m:ide, 1917; ?.sbestos, !952; barite, 1940; bentmllte, t92.£; tHatomlte,
gypslte, 1911; hydromagnesite, 1904.
z
=c
1928~
fl.uonpar, t91S; flux.
19-11~
gtanutlt'.(r., 19-3-0; gypsum anll
~
TABLE VIIIo.-PRoDuCTJON TO DATE BY MINING DIVISIONS-INDUSTRIAL MINERALs-Continued
Iron Oxide andJ Magnesium
Ochre
Sulphate
Division
Mica
Natro-alunite
Perlite
Quan-1
Value
Q~••-1
tity V•Iue IQ~••-1
ttty V•lue I Qmmtity IV•Iue IQu;;;l V•Iue
tity
tity
I
Tons)
Albenti ________________ ······----
$
TonslI
$
Lb.
I
$
------1-------- ____ - - - --------1-----
I
Tonsl
5221
$
9,398
Tons
I
1
$
-···--·1·-··--··
--"1"'"-""
-·I _,
~f~~i~::=::= ~ =:=~=L. ~-: ~~ii)~i~·~~
~~~i~sooJi~~~~
=~·;t:::.
I~.::..-===
--------1------ -----------1------- -------1--- ~~ =
Golden _____________ .... - -
~~~o:~~~---~:~~~~-
27)
920 _
___________ --- :=1=:=
·s:742 ,-i93,967 -----424:7ool·-·2:075 ---::=:::1 ::==1
·- .. 1··
-1-----1 , ___,
·1-..·-- 1--___
Liard___
------- -------- _____ ..-)---------- ---------1---------- ---------------1~-- ----- ---)--------Lillooet _____ ------------------1------- -------1-- ---------------1--- -------1--------,,
,
Nanaimo .... -- .. _----------- ----------1------------ ---- ---1----------- ---1---------- ---------1-------Neh;on___
7,2921 55,901 ---------1---····-·-. -----------------1------ --···· ---1----------1------NewWestminster ······----- --------1--- --------1-------------1-------·
----1-----··· -----1------Nico]a _______________ ---~-----!----- -----1--- --------!---- -------!---- - - 1 - -
,,_,,
~:~i~:~:~~=:~- -~ - - ==:::+==:== :!~2~~L~~~~~ ~:~~~~~~-:~~:~~ -::=:=:::1-=:::::= ---------1
:~::~~;1 =~~20
Skeena ----···· -·-- ------·-··-
[............. ------1-
634,2501 10,815 ---------1---------
~~~~-~~ -~~:~::=::::.::-.. ---- ~-~:~~~~-::_~~ ~:=::=:1=:=::::::: -·--16o:sool--3,978 :~.=::::1_:=::=:=: ::::~-=::1 ~-
Phosphate
Rock
Sodium
Carbonate
QuanQuan-1 1-1
-~--··1
tity Value
tity
Quantity Value
Tons
I
$
";+:-==
I
Talc
Sulphur
I
Value
I'
-1 I D{~:lfi'
Quantity
Value
I
I
~~~~b~~~'~ ~="~"j;;~.~ ----1----······
~~::1=:·-=11 :~U!!'
Tons
$
3,8421 16,894 ----1----
Tons
$
Tons
$
129,39121 2,401,823
$
2,717,621
~~~~~~~~l~
~~~~i
t=.:= J
/·~=::/ '~HE
"""'-1---..
=.: =. =.==.t==:===
=.
....................--.. 1--·-"1 2,208,867
...I ............... --1
"'~
~
-:::=::1:~~-==:: --::~~='r =~=~-- -----41:624·-ll·~-"11s,67s :=:::=:::1 ==:::::=: 11t,2!~:~i~
--1----------- ···-------1---------
I
I
I
I
I
I
587,55]3 5,346,949
----------1--------
5,866,983
3,978
Victoria _________ -------------·
1201
840 --------1------- ------------1---------- -------1~~- ---------1
·-I ...-....... ""·--·1 ·----.. ·--..- ... 1.....,,,___ 1,5041 29,380\ 190,451
Not assigned··-------····- ---------1-~-------· --------1---····-···· ---- ----------1------ -----1-~----- - ..--1
-------1----- ----------1-------- 2,773,698~127,587,285 ----·-·-----1--..-------127,587,285
Totals__
_______ 18,1081155,050 13,8941254,352 12,452,050[170,823
5221 9,398 1,1121 11,120[ 3,8421 16,894 10,492[118,983 3,532,264 [35,514,735
1,8051 34,855176,463,622
I ...-...
· .. ·-1---. -....·---·-.1 ...- ...-·-..... - ..-·1·..--.... 1
I
I
I
I
1
Includes 30 tons of volcanic ash, worth $300.
~ Recovery in 1953 and subsequent years for use in fertilizer plant at Marysville.
3 Includes 11,010 tons valued at $172,612 omitted from 1955 totals.
4 Recovery at Trail smelter for use in Warfield fertiUzer plants, and derived from ores from several mining divisions.
Year of first recorded production: Iron oxide and ochre, 1918; magnesium sulphate, 1915; mica, 1932; natro--alunite, 1912; perlite, 1953; phosphate rock, 1927; sodium carbonate, 1921; sulphur, 1916; talc, 1916.
>
w
>
""'·~
TABLE VIIIE:.-PRODUCTJON TO DATE BY MINING DIV!SIONs--STRUCTIJRAL MATERIALS
. -
!
Division
Cement
$
C:u;boo
Clinton
F()tt Steele
j
Lime and
Limestone
I
.,. I
'
$
1,108
Nicola -d~-~-·--·-·
Omlneca ·-··()soyoos. __
'fraU Creek
Vancouver..
Vernon
Victoria ..
Not assigned
Totals
I
.t06, iI
..~.245
32i:i~ 2,5~5:~~~
S%,6fii :l,M(),\)53
s4,t5fl1 1 1,065,620
136,140 1 337,076
-----~-~~
11!,000
2,7~::~~~ 2.~1::~~g
100
2,ooo
21,363,571
34,543
1 773,437
3,184,.'B2
?.-56,£19
8,(100
I
'
II
28t,ttt
,'
Fa!'e,
Pavmg,
Fit~
bricks.
Blocks
S:::!r
I
-- ·-·-·
I
~:~~~ ·------·---~8-~
1,800 I ·---- -------..... ___ I ····-·- ------
114,361 1 ·-----........
I
----~~,379
64t,507
I! 1,717,1'181
1,813,541
116,262,171
, 257,05?
j1,671.762
1 778,917
---1,104,295
l9,ti0
1,402,712
__ .. ~------·
.. ,2:74-
1
--·"
I
I ....:.... I/ ________
_I _,_,
,__ ..
121,469 '
11,941
24,000
30,500
------- I
32,070
14,850
. ···---~
1,000
5,575
I0,500
11,57I
24,000
_ _. , 1.276.344
144,000
I
I,OOO
115,143
I 28,000
46,550
335,718 I
40,883
3,695,891
--- ! 46,499
81,052
78,971,445 I 740,197 1 _____ .......
_______ _ ! 315,498 < sos,ots
19,323,663 l24.797,l921%,327,?3-l
Revdstok:e
(Common)
Ij
~,~
·:::::::~:____
-·
Similk:amecn
Slletna --···-··
SloclU'i ___ _
Brick
Brick
65,443
I .____1_077
New Westminster
Crushed
7,~~
. II
Neb.wn ....., ..~--·
Sand and
Gravel
5,35<}
1,000
102,442
!
Lillooot
Llard ..•.• _.••• :····:.
Nanainw ...
stone
~--
I
,
Golden--··--·--·
Greenwood
Kamloops
1\iJ>tap,
and
Rock
----------·AlbernL".~­
AtUn '"~--
I
Rubble.
Building..
!
I
p.lpe
I
---- I
$
i
I
!
'
I
i
136,50R I
!
1
i
••
~
-
18.224
645;410
I --
1 ---
!
····-·I
... -·
I t,t75,3ot
.....
.....
727,441
5,845,943
....
943,035
924,718
·-· - 27,502,703
-- ··--.. 1,4'13,4;1!1
234,611 I 50,919,474
! 339,111
2,066,961
971,394
--· .... I 1,091,666
11.992
2,092,392
I
I
I
-- I - -.. l -8,~=~ 6·~:~~
.i
i
'
17,633
5
~.310
_$_
--·- .
ras,o2o
I 9,2421 2,942.593
I ....
95,445
j
4,029,SH
-I
8,482:,736
Totals
1
I
I
!
!
i ... --
I
I
i -------!
i
38,939 I .....
\
2,8641 . .
3,690,843 9.481).,124
1 .. ----·--·-- !
I------------- l -·---
!
-------
-
i
:OMsion
I .1
I
i :________:_:·=: \
I
,
···-···-· } ·-·-··-
!
Pottecy
Olh<t
( m,,.,d
Clay
or
Un~
Products
glazed)
$
-- I
I
4,651
II II
$
$
\
57,727
256,694
7,203,662
74,061
1.BO,W!
145,55'7
! - ____________ i
290.37S I 794,71~
I ..
i
:509,044 I 1,523,922
·------- l
---"-'---· I
1,010,370 1 ;;,75s,"1sl
______ -~·-·- I --------~--- I
70.0I4 ! 468,431
- ----- ! ·--- -- ------ I
i 189',542 ! 1,H59,801
··-·· -- 1 ·-- --- ______ I
) 7,393,597 ]16.405,3!8
132,194 l 123,110
485,6%
I 174,609 1,509,341
131,%7 !
6,202
1,{}11 i
, 416Jl36 . 9,648,849
1,804,987
n.os2 !
19,189 ·
282,455 !
___ - --. J , .. _______ 1 · · - ....
j23,1l11,977 iJl),)'§"i,~21i" -4;795,712 ~ 3;8'&5,1~-l 9,991,27f
I
til•
I
Clays
•
4,325
758,782
~-54,701
-
i .• -- I l,m,893
1 79,146 ! 28,763.889
- -· l
w I 1,972,155
t20,043 I U,003 1 93,!64,.993
----... ------' 1--'=-'-=-i-·-cc:-L ·c·::_·_].11,234,250'
865,1'¥1
:\,132,'92\'1 1 9,2.45,%43
j 311,252
\ 354,313124%,6~6,%61'~
1
StrocturaJ materials that so far c.<tnnot be au-1-p:ned to mining divisions Include the three items shown, a-n amount o£ $3,150,828 for day products, and a further $6,980,451 that
(annot. be allotted to a particula~ clan of material,
2 lncludes i1e:ms noted in foot-note No. 1.
,.,
t:l
0
~
SE
5l
t'1
a::
~
~
j"'
:;;
v.
"
A 33
STATISTICS
TABLE IXA.-QUANTITY (GROSSl) AND VALUE OF COAL PER YEAR TO DATE
Ym
Tons
(2,000 Lb.)
1836-59_______________
1860.___________________________
1861._.. ____________________________
1862.____________
1863 ______________________________
1864_________________________
1865 ____________________________
1866--------------------------1867------------------------------1868 ____________________________
1869---------------------------------__________________________________
1870
1871---------------------------------1872.-----------------------------------1873 _______________________________
1874. ········-············
1875 ---------------·-··············-----··
1876 ----------····----·-········------·
1877._ ----------······················-·
1878 --- ------------·--·····
1879 ---------------- -----------------1880 --·----------------···················
188L_ -------------188"2.._
1883 ___ -·-·----------------1884___ --------------------------1885 --------------····-··········
I 886 ............·--·-········-····
1887 .......·-----·············-··
1888 -- ··-······---------1889 ___ ···-····-··-------1890 -············-···
1891 ..........................
1892 -·······-····--·-····-1893----······························-···
_______________________________________
1894
1895
·······-··········-··············----1896 ________________
·············-----1897.__
------------····------1898 ___ ------------······-·········----1899
-·-········-··············-·
1900._
1901
-----------------------
!902 ----------------------------------
1903....
--------------------1904___ ----------------------------1905 ----·------------------1906--------------------------
!907
1908------~===:=---1909.
41,871
15,956
15,427
20,292
23,906
32,068
36,757
28,129
34,988
49,286
40,098
33,424
55,45811
55,45811
55.459 11
91,334
123,362
155,895
172,540
191,348
270,257
299,708
255,760
315,997
238,895
441,358
409,468
365,832
462,964
548,017
649,411
759,518
1,152,590
925,495
1,095,690
1,134,509
1,052,412
1,002,268
999,372
1,263,272
1,435,314
1,781,000
1,894,544
1,838,621
1,624,742
1,887,981
2,044,931
2,126,96.5
2,485,961
2,362,514
2.68R,672
Tons
Value
Year
$149,548
56,988
55,096
72,472
85,380
115,528
131,276
100,460
124,956
176,020
143,208
119,372
164,612
164,612
164,612
244,641
330,43!
417,576
462,1.56
522,538
723,903
802,785
685,171
846,417
639,897
1,182,210
1,096,788
979,908
1,240,080
1,467.903
1,739,490
2,034,420
3,087,291
2,479,005
2,934,882
3,038,859
2,824,687
2,693,961
2,734,522
3,582,59.5
4,126,803
4,744,530
5,016,398
4,832,257
4,332,297
4,953,024
.5,511,861
.5,548,044
7,637,713
7,356,866
8,574,884
1910.--------------------1911---------------------1912-------------------------
Value
(2,000 Lb.)
1913----------------1914 ....----------------------
1915-----------------1916-----------------------1917------------------------1918----------------------1919 __________________________
1920-------------------------1921---------------------------1922--------------------1923 -----------------------1924.
_________________________
1925
1926.-------------------------··--··----_______________________
192'----------------------··-····
1928-------------···-·-------------1929------------------···---------1930---------------------------------1931----····--·----------------------1932 _______________________________
1933 .... ·------------------------1934·----------------------------1935 ---------·········------------------1936 ---·-·········-------------····----1937 ------------·-··--------------·
1938 ....-----------------------1939 --------·----------------------1940....--------------------------·1941--------------·-··--1942--------------1943 ________________
1944....--------------·······-------194.5.---------------------1946___________
.. _........-------·-····-----1947
------------·········
--
1948 ----········ ----------------···
1949 --------·---···-··············--1950 ___
195L. ---------------·-··1952 ----------------------------------···
1953 --------------------------------1954 ··-···-······-------------··--------195.5
__________________
1956····---------------·-···-············
1957_____________
Totals _____
3,515,944
2,573,444
3,388,795
2,879,251
2,426,399
2,209,290
2,783,849
2,686,561
2,888,170
2,698,022
3,020,387
2,877,995
2,890,625
2,848,146
2,226,037
2,737,607
2,609,640
2,748,286
2,829,906
2.521,402
2,113,586
1,912,501
1,719,172
1,416,516
1,508,741
1,330,524
1,508,048
1,618,051
1,466,559
1,655,217
1.867,966
2,018,635
2,170,737
2,040,253
2,165,676
1,700,914
1,639,277
1,923,573
1,809,018
1,917,296
1,756,667
1,824,384
1,650,619
1,576,105
1,447,608
1,484,066
1,589,398
1,221.766
140,499,723
I $11,108,335
8,071,747
10,786,812
9,197,460
7,745,847
7,114,178
8,900,67.5
8,484,343
12,833,994
11,975,671
13,450,169
12,836,013
12,880,060
12,678,!48
9,911,935
12,168,905
11,650,180
12,269,135
12,633,510
11,256,260
9,435,650
7,684,1.55
6,523,644
5,375,171
5,725,133
5,048,864
5,722,502
6,139,920
5,565,069
6,280,956
7,088.265
7,660,000
8,237,172
7,742,030
8,217,966
6,454,360
6,732,470
8,680,440
9,76.5,39.5
10,549,924
10,119,303
10,169,617
9,729,739
9,.528,279
9,154,544
I
8.986.'01
9,346,!H8
7,340,339
$540,208,640
TABLE lXB.-COAL PRODUCTION (GRossl) BY DISTRICTS AND MINING DIVISIONS
Total to Date
District and Mining Division
Period
Vancouver Island District
Nanaimo Mining Division..-~--
I
I
Quantity
I
Tons
1956
I
Value
Quantity
$
294,220,173
1836-1957 I 79,685,055
I
Nicola-Princeton District
Kamloops Mining Division_______ 1893-1945
14,995
59,765
Nicola Mining Division______________ 1907-19571 2,92 8•. 372
11,06 s •• zn
1
12
5 00 8
osoyoos Mining Division__________ 1926-1927
2
Similkameen Mining Division___ -j'E90~9~-t!9~5~7+j4.~6~5Z2~.8i33ttj'~9.~53~1~.7~5~0=
District totals_ __________ :-1893 1957 I 7,597,322 I 30,661,795
I
\
Northern District
C!lriboo
L1ard Mmmg DIVISJon_________________
1942-19441
1923-1957
East Kootenay District
Fort Steele Mining Division ....... .
Provincial totals __
1
1898-1957 1 52,723,789 \ 212,257,849
11136 1957 I 140.499,723 I 540,208,640
.~ining_:qiyision..............
290
86,743
I
1,100
577,552
90
71
I
Tons
1957
Value
Quantity
$
1,629,168
200,347
I
Value
I
Tons
$
200,205 I 1,849,306
-----·1;170 ---·12;092 -----i-;i)Si
II -- Ti;615
.. ___________
1 -------···-·--·
_·_--:7~'"!·':;:02~1_"_--3~6~6~:8:;2~0-l-~'~7~.6~9~6-!1_;9;<2";·'~4g_8_
73,272 I
378,912
18,777 I
I
4 642 1 -----,-8"".21 "1- -------3""·"'""s""8·1
-------". . "....
104,363
I
4
4 99 1
28,421
47 4 1 4
Omineca District
Mining totals
Division
... ·--·-··l-jl~9tii8E-t'9~5~7+=j4~06~.~5~24tt=f'"~4
~t•'~~= ,--=d8g·'~'f'~I=I'7~!~.2~3I
g·~~jl=~
~g•~j=
--·····"--·-···i-1918
1957 I
493,557 I 3,068,823
13,195 1 109,445 :i==J8,149
I
75,835
1,302,.58417,228,993
1,589,398 I 9.346,518
994,635 i 5,310,835
1.221.766 I 7.340,339
1 Gross mine output, including washery loss and coal used in making coke (see Table X and discussion under
"Fuel," page A 12).
2 A combined total for 1871, 1872, and 1873 has previously been noted in Annual Reports and the above breakdown
is estimated.
B
TABLE IXc.-QUANTITY' AND VALUE oF CoAL SoLD AND UsED,"
Used
District ana Minina
Division
Year
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
19153
1954
1955
1956
19157
Vancouver Island ______ _
Nanaimo ------·------···
I
I
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
11153
1954
19155
19i'i(J
1957
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1958
1954
19155
1956
1957
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
lfl47
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1967
1947
1948
lfl4fl
1950
1951
1952
1953
1964
191'i5
1956
1957
,.
················-·
N kola-Princeton ______ _
Nicola ------------------
Total
Salesn
Tons
Used in
under
ComM
Making
Tons
Tons
panies'
Boilers2t
450,968
36!5,328
451,074
472,690
391,687
267,346
204.931
1 Rl ,l'i34
173,861
172,140
183,574
3,786
2,801
3,926
4,329
3,425
2,980
1,798
536
1,997
1,777
1,672
1,125
261
Coke2:t:
477,019
395,112
270,332
206,729
182,070
174,326
172,529
184,013
389
439
2,258
1,777
I
I
I ,. ......... ] Fort Stee~~:·==·==:::=:
\East Kootenay ________ _
I
I
II Provincial totals ________
. -----------·
I
I
I
I
..
..
"
..
24,163
20,227
19,025
HS,196
15,977
15,813
12,729
15,310
16,560
19,1518
17,830
28,328
23,154
23,013
19,587
19,402
18,799
14,647
115.846
17,025
19,907
18,289
1,085,385
1,148,707
887.834
1,173,186
1 '1615,099
1,090,796
1,053, 729
1,142,517
1,083,412
1,122,408
1,054,314
1,050,149
1,158,213
896.118
1.696,349
1,604,480
1,621,268
1,!574,00fl
1,578,572
1,402,313
1,884,138
1,308,284
1,332,874
1,417,209
1.085 867
4,612,033
6,092,Tl'i7
6,011,688
5,774.'i09
6,413,374
6,1591,942
7,031,158
6,648,655
6,564,544
7,228,993
5.310,835
I 8,680.440
!l,765,3fll'i
t0,549,!l24
110,119.303
l10,16fl,61i
9,729.7!1:9
9,528,279
1 9, 154,!i44
8,!)86,501
9,346,518
I 7,840.339
................
1!7"3,358
!l!W,530
842,079
825,315
889,669
822,071
878,865
820,081
803,125
890,100
877,1534
---------------- 1,137,986
--------1,138,777
1,073,515
35,012
52,721
76,697
82,258
20,095
42,606
50,895
33,079
32,850
38,211
28,421
63,375
85,981
92,R65
104,700
206,7fl9
285.732
324,986
292.862
227,010
71,234
47,414
'"
59
60
1,426,984
- - - - - - - 1,369,463
------------· 1,341,201
------------------ 1,317.299
6,017
8,630
12,364
12,250
3,199
3,854
4,835
4,359
3,650
4,642
2,758
10,810
10,986
11,531
19,099
27,904
37,270
42,079
36,572
30,015
8,553
4,991
1,125
5,fl;\8
8,570
] 2,3fl4
12.250
3,1 flfl
3,854
4,815
4.35fl
3,650
4,642
2,758
10,751
10,920
1L468
13,037
27,904
37,270
42,079
36.572
30.015
R,Fifi3
4,991
1,492,856
1,139
1,040
1,256
1,259
1,170
1,081
49,324
49,859
49,906
16,784
3,941
6,306
7,047
29,713
73,475
72,102
17,896
15,493
1!5,281
14,809
9,926
8,640
11,493
10,400
12.76!)
12,904
12,092
11,815
329,179
299,387
298,293
87,483
28,094
48,760
51,012
138,080
379,511
366,820
92,748
1,672
1,139
1,040
I ,256
1,259
1,170
1 ,081
49.324
49,859
49,906
16,784
3,941
6,306
7,047
2{),713
73,4 75
72,102
17,898
20
59
66
63
62
1957
3,625,348
3,219,868
4,055,1572
4,060,337
3,486,615
2,749,206
2,0!59,828
2,029,099
1, 769,682
1,629,168
1,849,308
368,129
454,999
...
District Totals,
•
Tom
"454:754
899
I~~:=
Total Sold
and Used 2
1947-57
•
Tons
164,013
1,849,308
18,777
104,383
7,749
75,835
I
895,1181 6,310,835
I
175,605
154,342
228,792
213,218
236,871
245,528
230,814
218,923
230,464
248,595
199,754
175,665
154,342
~i~:~~~
236,871
245,1528
230,814
218,923
230,464
248,595
199,754
I
I
1,085,857
7,340,339
1 For differences between gross mine output and coal sold refer to table " Production and Distribution by Collieries
and by Districts" in section headed "Coal" or "Coal-mining" in Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines.
s The totals "sold and used " include:• Sales to retail and wholesale dealers, industrial users, and company employees.
t Coal used in company boilers, including steam locomotives.
:1: Coal used in making coke.
See also discussion under" Fuel," page A 12.
A 34
TABLE X.-COKE AND BY-PRODUCTS PRODUCTION FOR YEARS
Coke Made in
Bee-hive Ovens
Coal Used in Making
Coke
Coke Made in
By-product Ovens
Year
Quantity
Tons
1895-1925 .. __ 7,955,795
299,839
1926__ --------269.482
1927._ -------210,207
1928 ·····-----·
226,363
1929 ····----225,32.5
!930 ·-··--··--2tt,334
1931 ···-····----1932
151,750
1933 ·-. ···-·101,4oo
141,384
!934 ------··-···
127,776
1935 -··--··-····1936 -·-·--···-··
t25,8tO
1937 ·---··----t66,t24
1938 ··----------·
t76,877
1939 --------·
171,242
1R4,I60
1940 ·-------235,809
1941 ----------255,862
1942 . ---·-···-·
260,334
1943 ·-----·-····
212,883
1944 --------230,868
1945 ·-··----251,954
1946 ·-·----·
284,049
1947 -··------235,297
!948 ····--·--323,899
1949 .... -··---333,955
19.50 .... -··--332,416
t95L ····----323,922
1952 ··---····-310,431
1953 -----···
302,052
1954 -·-·····-··
314,994
1955 ··-------·
328,805
1956 -··-·------t99,654
1957 ··--····-··
Totals.. _ 15,488,052
I
Value
I
s
I
! 25,673,600
t,338,565
t,290,760
1 940,668
950,243
1
! 1,002,684
924,279
1
710,432
1
.554,1.52
1
1 .571,167
I 494,492
I 436,595
I .570,250
I 623,649
I 569,94.5
I 577,706
1 117,584
J
866,79.5
1 983,910
1 t,439,89t
1 1,211,.584
1 1,441,415
1 1,682,602
1 1.440.415
1 1,979,138
1 2,027,470
1 1,949,117
1 1,912,918
1 2,005,551
1 2,052,641
1 2,122,303
l 2,277,402
1 1,284,833
]62,684,756
1
1
I
Quantity 1
Value
I
Tons
$
I
4,920,457 [25,673,600
tos,221 1 795,841
9s,2st 1 595,504
68,734 1 429,590
75,426 1 .574,279
73,708 1 558,801
73,248 1 .548,.550
33,090 1 247,615
44,813
6,097 1
24,840 1 154,105
27,066 1 160,565
34,009 1 191,843
48,393 1 277,726
54,602 1 315,294
so,1s3 1 286,491
37,845 1 220,211
64,701 1 392,473
66,824 1 439,464
42,766 1 291,843
36,966 1 301,201
t3,464 1 117,369
2o,s42 1 178,556
44,.517 1 427,330
47,461 1 .559,735
66,407 1 690,045
23,703 1 269,728
32,598 1 387,796
35,uo 1 440,756
___, .. __ I - - - ·
-
.......
1~-
I ........··-···········1 ........ .......... I. --. -----
6,223,241 135,.571,124
I
Value
Quantity
Tons
I
I
.I .
$
Tons
42,209 1
3s,9oo 1
32,322 1
33,339 1
3t,904 1
27,717 1
25,436 1
24,263 1
23,512 1
14,911 1
244,469
327,215
263,781
308,867
298,004
236,537
217,221
213,750
213,653
109,684
-·>---·
- ··- I
.._... - ..... I .....-----............... I .......- ...7,196
29,124
s6,656
96,428
43,895
47,401
59,098
s3,sl5
59,638
57,112
89,268
127,477
138,051
142,156
177,790
168,982
177,031
180,263
153.493
2,186,097
37,015
151,931
1 461,440
1 608,.521
1 274,402
1 347,245
1 434,876
1 .413,025
1 531,114
1 630,390
1 1,018,288
1 997,200
l 1,552,764
1 1,729,924
1 2,090,147
2,032,902
2,180,516
1 2,270,167
1 2,005,570
122,216,618
I
1
1
I
I
I
I
- ...... I
42,468
39,464
41,711
46,573
45,751
41,836
44,645
34,1.56
51,184
46,111
48,8.59
s9,141
58,643
.55,395
60,126
8,318
6,528
93,714
88,430
91,682
101,094
91,755
57,678
67,449
92,704
12,215
64,906
60,407
67,108
70,387
78,185
""' ··-·--·--·-
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Value
.......
221,600
178,682
187,882
214,732
232,911
210,470
237,174
214,454
198,217
160,694
138,787
330,821
34.5,790
325,435
303,421
43,158
.54,307
647,482
565,393
577,479
648,297
.579,635
455,096
496,933
686,871
571,161
52.5,384
525,411
.566,660
594,482
738,292
1,829,283 ]11,777,717
I
QuantitY
I
I
$
I ---.-----------·
1
1925
TO
AND
1926
TO
1957
Total
Production
Value of
Total Coke Made
Gas Plants
I
Quantity
--
Coke Made in
1895
Gas Sold
and Used
Ta<
Produced
products 1
Coke
Industry ._
Value
Tons
$
I
4,920,457 (25,673,600
ts9,904 I t,26t,910
$
·········-
I
I
I·-
$
t,oo9,6t3 1
50,035
170,645 1 t,t01,401
1,222,379 I
44,402
881,253
1,313,407
1
45,313
142,767 1
1,461,44.5 1
t55,338 1 1,097,878
61,084
151,363 1 t,089,722
1,547,092 1
65,770
1,541,454 1
t42,801 1 995,551
66,.506
1,.589,656 1
103,171 1 702,010
54,771
473,017
1,473,433
1
64,.516 1
4.5,610
99,536 1 56.5,975
43,939
1.439,287 1
1,430,057 1
88,088 1 430,943
44,876
330,630
1,422,783 1
82,868 l
38,812
1,746,047 1
107,534 1 608,.547
46,698
661,084
t,770,839
I
113,245 1
44,324
1,768,977 1
44,108
112,744 1 648,941
t,810,083 1
54,379
127,695 1 675,563
t,915,270 1
63,569
159,741 1 903,6'11
2,165,888 1
86,113
169,780 r 1,102,292
2,453,592
1
96,249
180,375 1 1,213,727
2,562,610 1
56,476
172,797 1 1,213,839
83,828
2,721,690 1
164,244 1 1,129,724
88,947
175,161 1 1,249,&711
3,079,009 1
3,390,713 1 124,88.5
19.5,910 1 1,538,079
4,520,886
I
153,130
162,251 1 t,64.5,221
223,124 1 2,20.5,266
4,148,124 1 194,728
4,298,161 1 277,138
243,884 1 1,9.53,799
4,263,754 1 277,786
242,864 ! 2,511,721
4,625,747 1 2.52,070
242,172 1 2,696,064
4,857,116 1 238,771
238,197 1 2,61s,ss8
226,824
236,090 1 2,599,.562
5,113,3341
5,407,842
292,984
247,4181 2,774,998
258,448
3,008,459
287,437
5,145,851 \
14,600
121,849
1.53,493 1 2,005,570
10,237,718 169,565,459 83,240,739 1 3,673,471
I
Other By-
I
I
s 1I 25,673,600
s
_____________
45,772
18,080
14,036
39,203
11,935
32,603
14,109
3,666
4,756
3,081
1 2,367,330
1
2,386,262
1 2,254,009
2,659,610
1 2,714,519
1 2,636,120
J 2,360,.546
1 1,99.5,726
1 2,053,9.57
1 1,908,9.57
- ........ I 1,792,285
- ....... I 2,401,292
............... I 2,476,247
--·--·-I 2,462,026
3,o6o 1 2,.543,085
1,116 1 2,894,226
22,028 1 3,376,321
18,321 1 3,781,889
19,046 1 3,851,971
20,756 1 3,955,998
53,1}97 1 4,470,931
2s,18o 1 5,079,457
19,489 1 6,338,726
27,406 1 6,.57.5,524
27,944 1 6,5.57,042
22,132 t 7,075,393
2.5,639 1 7,599,.520
21,046 1 7,732,491
20,586 1 7,960,306
18,369 1 8.494,193
20,961 1 8,462,708
-------I 2,127,419
554,617 11.57,019,686
1
i
I
"Other by-products" total includes ammonium sulphate, $52,492; ammonia liquor, $103,850; light oils, $16,571; motor fuel, $7,009; naphthalene, $4,077; creosote, $34; benzol
(thinning), $312; solvent naphtha, $644; cinders, $344,682; pitch, $5,131; sulphuric acid, $6,658; tar-paint, $2,330; and miscellaneous, $10,827.
1
>
w
""
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
A 36
TABLE XJ.--'..DIVIDENDS PAID BY MINING CoMPANIEs,
1897-1957
Dividends Paid during 1956 and 1957
1956
Bralorne Mines Ltd, ________________________ _
$498,880
Canadian Collieries Resources Ltd. __
88,333
Canadian Exploration Ltd. ________ _
6,453,400
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co.
of Canada, Ltd. ____________________ _
27,027,453
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co. Ltd. _________ _
248,472
Giant Mascot Mines Ltd .. __________________ _
179,263
Granby Consolidated Mining Smelting
and Power Co. Ltd ______________________ _
113,058
Highland-Bell Ltd. ____________________________ _
Island Mountain Mines Co. Ltd.
79,854 1
224,033
Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C. Ltd.
Reeves MacDonald Mines Ltd ..__ _
584,500
Sheep Creek Mines Ltd. ___________ _
93,750
Sunshine Lardeau Mines Ltd. __
164,000
Yale Lead and Zinc Mines Ltd, __________ _
185,780
Others _____________ --~---- __________ ----------------__
321,986
Totals ______ --------------------------- $36,262,682
1
1957
$374,100
176,666
22,113,425
372,708
78,293
218,968
292,250
621,010,
$24,24 7,420
"Liquidating" payments completed,
Dividends Paid Yearly, 1917 to 1957, Inclusive
Year
1917- --------------19!8 _____ -----------1919----------------1920__________________
192 !___ _______________
1922 ----------------1923 ----------------1924 -- -------------1925 ----------------1926 --------------1927-----------------1928 ----- ----------1929
-------1930 -193! _________________
1932 ----------------193 3 ----------------1934 --------------1935-----------------1936 ----------------193 7 ----------------1938 __________________
Amount Paid
$3,269,494
2,704,469
2,494,283
1,870,296
736,629
3,174,756
2,983,570
2,977,276
5,853,419
8,011,137
8,816,681
9,572,536
11,263,118
10,543,500
4,650,857
2,786,958
2,471,735
4,745,905
7,386,070
10,513,705
15,085,293
12,068,875
Year
Amount Paid
193 9----- -------1940 ------------1941 ------------1942 ------------1943 ------------1944 ------------1945 -1946 - ---------1947-------------1948_ -----------1949 -----------19 50-------------1951 ______________
19 52 ------------1953 ------------1954 ---------- -1955 -----------1956 ----------1957--------------
$11,865,698
14,595,530
16,598,110
13,627,104
11,860,159
11,367,732
10,487,395
15,566,047
27,940,213
37,672,319
33,651,096
34,399,330
40,921,238
32,603,956
22,323,089
25,368,262
35,071,583
36,262,682
24,247,420
TotaL ___ $590,409,525
A 37
STATISTICS
TABLE XL-DIVIDENDS PAID BY MINING COMPANIES,
1897-1957-Continued
Lode-gold Mines!
Company or Mine
Locality
Class
Arlington -------------------------------------------·-------------------·-------·---------Athabasca __ .
----------------------Bayonne
---·---------------------------- ..
-----------------Bralome Mines Ltd.
·······----------------------------
Erie
__ ___________________
Nelson ---------------------Tye Siding__________________
Bridge River__________________________
Princess Royal Island... _
Wells .. ---------------------------------··
Camp McKinney.____________________
Nelson··---------------Rossland.........
Oliver.
Nelson ________ ________
Sheep Creek____
Y mir _
Hedley_______
Wells
______________________
Rossland______
________________
Greenwood_____________
Hedley.___________________
HedleY--------------------------------------Sheep Creek--------------------------Rossland -----------------Rossland .....
Bridge River.....
Sheep Creek______________
Zeballos..
----------Hedley-------------------Bridge River___
Nelson____________
Premier_
-------------------Zeballos ------------------------Sheep Creek
Erie
----·-----------Sheep Creek
Sheep Creek ____ ---------------------Premier_--·-----------------Zeballos ____ --·-------------------------Rossland_________________________
Surf Inlet------------------------------Rossland -------------------------------Ymir _____________________________________
Ymir________________________________
--------------------------------------------____
Gold______________
Gold____________________
Gold___________________
Belmont-Surf Inlet .. --------------------------------------------------Cariboo Gold Quartz Mining Co. Ltd................
Cariboo-McKinney Con. M. & M. Co ..,.·-------------------------Canadian Pacific Exploration (Porto Rico)-------------------Centre Star -------------··········-----------------------------------------Fairview Amalgamated _____________________________________________________
Fern Gold Mining & Milling Co. Ltd ...................................
Gold Belt Mining Co. Ltd·--------------------------------------------Goodenough (teasers)------------------------------------------------Hedley Mascot Gold Mines Ltd ........................ ------------------Island Mountain Mines Ltd...................
I.X.L, ______________ ------------------------------J ewel-Denero _________________________ -------------------------Kelowna Exploration Co. Ltd. (Nickel Plate)-----------------Kelowna Mines Hedley Ltd......
Kootenay Belle Gold Mines Ltd,.. ____________________
--------------------------------Le Roi Mining Co..........
Le Roi No.2 Ltd...................
---------------------Lome (later Bralome)
------------------------------Motherlode
____ ---------··········
Mount Zeballos Gold Mines Ltd,
Nickel Plate (Hedley Gold Mining Co. Ltd.) ------------------Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C. Ltd..
··------------------Poorman......
_____________ ----------------- __________ ----------------Premier Gold Mining Co. Ltd.····--------------------------------------Privateer Mine Ltd,____
------------------------- -------------Queen (prior to Sheep Creek Gold Mines Ltd.) ____________
Relief Arlington Mines Ltd. (Second Relief)______
Reno Gold Mines Ltd.....
---------------------Sheep Creek Gold Mines Ltd. e-----------------------------------Silbak Premier Mines Ltd.·--------------------------------Spud Valley Gold Mines Ltd·---------------------------------------Sunset No. 2---------------------------------------------Surf Inlet Consolidated Gold Mines Ltd.__________
War Eagle____________
---------------------------Ymir Gold. ____________ ----------------------------------------Ymir Yankee GirL...
-----------------------------------------Miscellaneous mines
------------------------------------------Total, lode-gold mines----------------------------------1
Amount
Paid
$94,872
25,000
25,000
17,386,025
Gold__________________
Gold.........................
1,437,500
Gold____
1,679,976
Gold____________
565,588
Gold_____
37,500
Gold-copper.._
472,255
Gold____________
5,254
Gold____
9,375
Gold___________________
668,5952
Gold______________
13,731
Gold ... --------------1,290,553
Gold...................
2,491,2362
Gold____________________
134,025
Gold_______________
11,751
Gold_________________
2,040,000
Gold______
780,000 3
Gold____
357,856
Gold-copper
1,475,000
Gold--copper.._
1,574,640
Gold
20,450
Gold.....
163,500
Gold.....
165,000
Gold---------3,423,191
Gold....
10,048,914
Gold______
25,000
Gold_
18,858,075'
Gold
1,914,183
Gold __ ---------------·98,674
Gold-------------------308,000 2
Gold____________________
1,433,6402
Gold
3,609,375~
Gold----2,425,000~
Gold.
168,000
Gold-copper________
115,007
Gold ... _
120,279
Gold-copper--------1,245,250
Gold_______________________
300,000
Gold______________________
415,0022
Gold __________________ I--.,;;C1~0~8,~6~20,3
-------------$77,300,897
The gold-copper properties of Rossland are included in this table.
Includes " return of capital " and " liquidating " payments.
Former Kelowna Exploration Company Limited; changed in January, 1951.
'Up to and including 1936, dividends paid by Premier Gold Mining Company Limited were derived from operations
of the company in British Columbia. Subsequent dividends paid by Premier Gold Mining Company Limited have been
derived from the operations of subsidiary companies in British Columbia and elsewhere and are not included in the
figure given. In 1936, Silbak Premier, a subsidiary of Premier Gold Mining Company, took over the former gold
operations of that company in British Columbia. Dividends paid by Silbak Premier are given above.
~In several years, preceding 1953, company revenue has included profits from operations of the Lucky Jim zinclead mine.
e Since March, 1956, company name is Sheep Creek Mines Ltd.
2
3
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
A 38
TABLE XI.-DIVIDENDS PAID BY MINING COMPANIES,
1897-1957-Continued
Silver-Lead-Zinc Mines
Amount
Locality
Company or Mine
Paid
Antoine" -- .
---- --- -----·---- -----··-··-·-------- Rambler
Base Meta1s Mining Corporation Ltd. (Monarch and
Kicking Horse)_
----------·--·--·-------- field------------ ---------Beaverdell~Welllngton. _______
... --........... BeaverdeU __ "'"'""'"~-··­
Beaver Silver Mines Ltd.----------------.. -------·-~-------- Greenwood~----·---·­
Beaverdclt ------------Bell
---.. -Bosun (Rosebery~urpri~)
l'l!ew Denver___ -----~----···--·
SJilmo
..._________ -~---~---~"Canadian Exploration Ltd.
Capella
. _______ --------"·--·-·- ------------------------------.. ·-·- New Denver______
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of Canada, L«L Trail--------~--Held,_
•
Couverapee
---------------- . --------------------Duthie Mlnes Ltd. __
Stnithers .... __ •___ ------Ainsworth
Florence Silver""··----Spillitnacheeli
Giant Ma~m Mines Ltd ..
Goodenough- _, _____ _
Cody- . ~---------H.B. Mining Co"'···--- ---------------"".
Hl¥-bland Lass Ltd,,, ___________ _
Highland-Bell Ltd.-___ --------------------------------------·
Hom SilvCX---·-----.... ______
.,,_"' ________ _
Idaho--AlamtL
Iron M-owtain {Emerald) __ ------------~-----~-------Jaelrnon ------------·---·-------~--~- __ -------------------~--- _
Silver-lead-zinc··-Sliver-lead-zinc--~
S:ilver-le-ad-rinc ___ _
SUver-lead-riac __
Siiver~lead-rinc
___ _
Silver-lead-zinc __ _
51).000
35,393
179,263
Silver--lead-;;inc ___ _
Sl.lver-lead~zinc .. ~
Silver-lead-zinc __ _
Siher-lead-z.inc
Sllver-!~zinc __
Silver-lead-zinc __
RetaUack
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver--lead-zinc
Silver--lead-zinc---·
Silver-lead-zinc __ _
Silver-lead-zinc ... .
Sitv-er-lead-zinc ... _
Silvcr--lead-;;iuc
Silver-lead-zinc-·--,
Silver-lead-zinc ___ i
Silver-lead-zinc ...-. i
Silver-lead-zinc ......
Si\vtr··Iead-7\nc .... ..
Silver-lead-zinc ...
---------·-- ______________ ------------·------ Kasio -------------~---------------- Silver-lea~zinc
Vfulamac Mines (RC.) Ltd --------------·-·-~----------New Denver ------------------··-· Silvet-leatt.-zine __ _
Utica__
Beaverdeil_____
Rambler Station__
Silver-lead-zinc __
Sllvet·h:ad-rin>:
Ainsworth·-~-·-
Sl1ver--lead-zlnc
Silverton _____________________________ ..... Silver-lea£1.-Unc
Retallack~-----~----Sit-ver-lead-zlnc
Mis.:eUanoous mines
Total, silver-lead-zinc mines --------------------··
Includes $466,143 "'return of capital •• distribUtion prior to 1949.
F-amings of several oompanv mines, and customs smelter at Trail.
-' lndudes $10.,504 pa!d in 1'94-4 but not included in the yeatly figure.
• 'These two Properties were amalgamated as Silversmith Mines Limited in AUgUSt, 1939.
~
5,203
Silver-lead-zinc._..
·I
1
3,500
455,692,122!
Silver-lead-zinc .....
Beaverdell. __ , .... ---------------·
Beavertlell -----Slmilkameen __ ..
SAndon--------........... ····-···
S;!l}mo
----~----~---..
48,000
25,000
I 1,175,400
Silver-lead-zinc .. ~Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Reco
Cody
Sllver-tea.d--zinc
Ruth Mines Ltd....
______ -----·--·- -------------·-········--- . : Sandon__
____ Silver-lead--zinc
St. Eugene
__________ -.. ----·---~
_____ --·-···-~· .. Moyie___
Silver-Jead<t:inc ,_
Sheep Creek Mines Ltd·---------------.. ···-----Silver-lead-tint:
Silvers-mith and Slocan Stari---·------_---·-~----- ____ ! Sandon
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver Standard Mines Ltd....... _______ ·-------------Raulton
Sliver-lead-zinc __
Spokane-Trinket------~-------··------------·--------Ainsworth
Sifver-lead-zfnc
Slnndard Silver Lead----~--------------~---------·.
Silverton----------------·---,-...--··-' Snver~tead<zlnc __
Sunset and Trade Dollar___________ ------------------------- RetaUad
Silver-lead-.tine
Snver-tea~zlnc
Sooshine Lardeau Mines. Ud. ---------·-------------·-·------·---- J3eaton
Torbrlt Silver Mines Ltd·----~-------·--..--------------------- Alice Arm
Silver-lead--zinc--·Wallace Mines Ltd. (SalTy)___ ________________
Washington
-----"- ------·--------------------Western B><p1oratlon Co. Ltd.... _____
Whitewater-----_______ ---------·------------------Yak lead and Zinc Mines Ltd,___
97,200
388,29'1
H-an Creek·--·
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -. . . . . . . . - - -
586,1431
SJlvcr-lead-rinc .....
Sil-ver-lead-zinc.... _
Silver--lead-zinc... .
last Chance-..." ..·--·-·- .
Three Forks----·
Lone Bachelor·--·-·· ... ... ; Sandon ._
lucky Jim...
__ ------..····· _______ -----·····-·--·
Mercury___________________
~"-""'""~---·--···
Meteor
________ ------··-________ -···--Monitor
Ajax.
""" ____ ---·--···------'"---Mountain
McAllistet.... --------------· -------·--"·-----------Noble Fiv-e__
Cody
North Star --------------......-.....
Kimberley .. ·--------------------------No, One ....--·--·--------------··--·
Sandon
Ottawa
Slocan City·-··----·-----------------~-Payne__
Sandon
Providence
Greenwood
Queen Bess __
--··-·---·-------Rarnbler-Cariboo --------------·· -·-----Rambler.
Reeves Mite Donald Mines Ltd.... ---···-----------------·--------n- .. - · -
$10,000
S ilver-Jead-?Jnc ___ _
Silver-lead-zinc ...... l
4.5,668
8.904
B2,464
l.4-76.318
6,000
400,000
20,000
20,000
213,000
50,000
110,000
6,000
J0,257
70,500
71.387
45,088
72.859
.197,901
6,/54
110.429
1.438,000
142,238(1.
25,000
467,2.50
2,{}45,750
334,99'2
125,490
566.000
9"3.7.50
1,267,600
1.?15,333
10,365
2,?34,688
88,000
164,000
390,000
64,000
850,000
135,000
2{},\lOO
30,867
592,515
278.620
A 39
STATISTICS
TABLE XL-DIVIDENDS PAID BY MINING CoMPANIES,
1897-1957-Continued
Copper Mines
Company or Mine
Britannia M. & S. Co. 1 __
Canada Copper Corporation ..
Cornell.
Granhy Cons. M.S. & P. Co.~-­
Marble Bay __
Hall Mines ..
Miscellaneous mines ..
Total, copper mines __
Locality
Class
Britannia Beach
Greenwood _
Texada Island--_ -----..............
Copper Mountain__
Texada Island-------------------------Nelson
Copper ..
Copper __
Copper
Copper
Copper.
Copper.
Copper __ ------------,...
Amount
Paid
$18,803,772
615,399
8,500
29,873,226
175,000
233,280
261,470
$49,970,647
1 The Britannia Mining and Smelting Company Limited is one of several mining companies controlled by the Howe
Sound Company, and dividends declared by the latter company are from operations at all mines, but dividends credited
to Britannia Mining and Smelting Company have been paid by that company directly to the parent concern.
2 The Granby Consolidated Mining Smelting and Power Company dividends commenced in 1904 and cover ali company activities in British Columbia to date. The dividends as set out in the table in the Minister of Mines Annual
Report for 1942 were incorrect; the correct total is as above. The figure now includes all dividends, capital distributions, and interim liquidating payments, the latter being $4,500,000, paid, in 1936, prior to reorganization.
Coal Mines
Company or Mine
Wellington Collieries Ltd ..
Bulkley Valley Collieries Ltd.
Craw's Nest Pass Coal Co. Ltd.
Canadian Collieries (D.) Ltd ..
Total, coal mines ..
Locality
Nanaimo __
·Telkwa
Fernie
Nanaimo _
Class
Coal_
Coal_
Coal_
Coal __
Amount
Paid
$16,000,000
24,000
16,346,490
828,271
$33,198,761
Aggregate of All Classes
Lode-gold mining~~
Silver-lead-zinc mining and smelting
Copper-mining
Coal-mining ~
~ ~--------Miscellaneous, structural, and placer gold _
Total
$77,300,897
485,290,837
49,970,647
33,198,761
6,901,155
$652,662,297
NoTE.-'The term "miscellaneous" noted in each class of dividend covers all payments of $5,000 and under, together
with payments made by companies· or individuals requesting that the item be not disclosed.
In compiling the foregoing table of dividends paid, the Department wishes to acknowledge the kind assistance given
by companies, individuals, and trade journals in giving information on the subject.
A 40
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
TABLE XJL-PRINC!PAL ITEMS OF EXPENDITURE, REPORTED FOR
MI!\'!NG OPERATIONS OF ALL CLASSES
Salaries and
Wages
$:31,976,!)11
Lode-miniu&-"-·--~--- __ ---------------- -------------------------~
Placer-miuing.-·----------·----------------------------~Fuels--coal, t-"Oke and gas plants. petroleum. and natural gas
/:L37T,OO&
4,477,791
5.5.35,445
Miscellaneous tneta!s and industrllti minerals_ _
Structural materials industry_____________ ----·--·-···------Totalt.1851__
$66,400,056
-----·---.. ----------·-·
Tolals.
57,Z6tl,!i26
1954______ --·--------··-----~-----------------·-----
$16.449,200
15,632
+.!Hi,?22
1,355.991
l,91B,632
s24,tu7.1i'7·7-
9.762,717
9.1H,U34
'1,128,(1:6"
51,8iH),24iJ
4S, 1'1}2,'140
55,543,490
ti2.25f!:.M1
52.607' 111
1953 .. ---- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - · - -···--···--19SL. ···-----------------·------·-----195} __________________________________ ... - -·--
2!L036,839
::u,u1.;n2
u.eM.724
20,919.411
8,668,0{>1)
8,1S57,845
1949.___________ " __________ ----------·----
195{)_____ ----------------·----------------------
4Z,1SB.03!1
41,023,186
1(}48______________________
-·..----·------------
3!< .8l:.S.l'itH;
6,1~9.114-
·-----~··---
82,HH),38S
5,319,410
2'f,{lll'4,501)
24-,724,101
17.lS00,663
11,884.403
1l,Ml2,U1
1S,088,i)48
5)(21,-iiSS
8.36T,7QIJ
7,230,726
5,188,671
7,4S2,SSG
tS;TISt,aas
6.138.0JU
6,l.i12,311
t\,M1'.398
1947__________ --------·-·---'
Gnuld
$4- JHH, fiOS
1,828
lH!1,234
71)1,860
2,668,73'1
$8,&31,1587
.u.sas
...
7,288,051
6, '175.996
'i,2U6,68i
1946_______ ""'--------------------------------·---------------··· ··l94:S ...... ~-------------------··-------------···-----------··-·
1944..... '"" ________________ ... _________________________________
26' 190' 201)
22,C20,G75
2 3.131 ,8 '14
1943 ---·--·------------------------------·--·--------------------1944______________ ~--------------·---~---------·-·
1941-------------------------------···-···-·----- ---------------194{) ______ ,_____ ·----------------------------------------1939___ ~---------- ---------··--------···---------------------'
1938________ .... _.__
.................... _ .. _______________ ,
1937____________
2 6, 0 51 ,4 61
26,\\13,1 ei>
26,050,491
2-R' 31} 1,8
22,357,03ri
22, HID, '111
3,776.141
.3,414.721
8,266,0\)0
3,3aG,10U
21,349,6\}{'1
3,066,811
6,841'1,38()
1936 ______ ·---------------------------------------'"--·---·---------- .
17,387 .s19
2,7"24,144.
4,434,51)1
so
t~~:~·:·t-93·;:;;·_~--~~~~~=-~~-~~~-~-~-~~~-~~~-~~~~~~~~-~--~--~--~-~~------~~~--:~ $ 8 ~ !:!~~:: :!
1
'1 ,013~.1 l.}t;
i
1.20:0.44-1
1},962,162
~.114,841
6.644,.500
2,tn9,{H'19
4..t'i1Sll,780
$140,291,!538
S2\11.1,806,U07
NOTJ!,-" ProC<lss Supplies" include explosives, chc:mictds, drut-steel, lubricants, etc.
STATISTICS
!
I!
!
Lode-mining
1~ j
Year
'
I
! ~ ~
!
mL:::·~:.·:.:·:. .:.: : ·. ·I~:~~~ ~ m~! gg
1905 ..................................... ! 2,470
~
1
)..240 13.710
Coal-mining
~
~
;
A 41
I
I
I~
~
! ~
Structural
Materials
·~f
di
!!!:
1
i j.
1
I
I
·:·J :· : gg d~~: gg ."::.:~ ········I
~ :·.·: ~.........:,: ~:m
1
1
1
I'
1
........ ' ........ J3,127! 1,280 !4.407 : ........ '
lttOiL.................................. 12,6so l.SilS
1s.ess ..."... ! ........ 13,4111 /1,890 14,SOIS l········j·--·-- ........
HHHL
1909................
1fUO.
1911......................,,".
19HL ..., .... ,. ..........., .., i
1913 ..... .-.................... ; ........
I
too1.............................
',".',!·.·.·.·.·.·.·
.....·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·.·...··. . . . . ,1 .............. ·.
..,
1916..... , ..., ..., ............... , ........
1lHL ...................................
1e1s ........................... .. ......
l91fL.. , ....... - ....... _•• ,., ........
1920 ............................. : ........
1921 ............................ ' ........
11HI.2 ....................................
1928 ....... -................... ........
192-L.......................... .. ......
!
8,117
s:rss
1,112
12,70.{,11,2891 s.s4s , "······! ........ 12.ss2
soT,a.r«o ........ ········I ........
2.567 1,127 3,694
i 4,48:211,641 6,073 ........ , ........ ' ------- !},16'1
j2,lS411.fJ10 S,!!:U i ""''''•I ········14.718 1,70lS 6.418 "·-'•··I .-•--·1 ........
i),8f2
12,<l72 1,237 8,709 """''" l ........ lri,MS 11,SGts 't.Hi8 .. ,.. .,,! ........ j ........ 11,4G7
1:usn ! l.us 1s.ti94 "' ...... ! ........ J l'i,212 11.se1 pu1a ........ I ........ 1 ........ to,+n
! 2,<472 1-,36418,837 ........ ! "'...... j C:,275! 1,855 i 7,130 ........ I ··--·-··! .....-. 10,961
12,773 1,606 , 4.f.!:78 ........ 1 ........ ! 4,a:so 11.121 ,s.s11 ........ 1 ........ J ........ 10,94:&
'2,7U 1,433; 4,174 """'"I ........ j4,2G111,48iS ti,132 ........ i ........ j .. ·-··· 9,906
! 2,70tt 1,486 l 4,:144 ........ 1 ........ ) 2,108 11.288 14,991 : ........ ! ....... , 1 ........ 9,131
j8,857 2.036; 3,398 ........ : ........ j3,69411,86t.li!S,066: ..••• ,..! ...-.... ! ........ 110,453
j 3.290 J2,193 15,488 ........ ! ........ ].3,760 11,410 t,1'10 I' ........
! -----·· 10,6;'1:8
{2,626 ! 1.76414,s»o : ........ ! ........ j.s,65s t,'t69! :;,247 _...... •....... 1
9,631
12.1H3: 1.746 4,:1:59 ........ I ........ '4,14511,821! 1.9116
10,225
]2,07411,6{15,3,679 ---··--·1 ........ ,4,191! 2,168 16.849 .. ,..... ·-·-·--·! -...... ,10,028
UJ5{i
915 2.330 ........ I ........ ]4,72212,163 6.885 ........
9,21t'i
1,!i11) 1,230!2,749 ........ 1 ........ 14,71211;982: 6,644 ................ ] ........
0,898
12,102 f 1,1H6 1 s.618 ........ 1 ........ ]4,842 1,807 6,Hn .,____ 1 ........
9,181
! 2.SIS3 f 1,aso 1-t.oaa ........ 1 ........ jB.89411,1S24 !i,418 : ........ ! ........ ........ t,tM
I "''"'"] ........
I. . . .
···--···j
"""'"1""·---·! ........
I I
f--·-----1 ........
1........
1
i:;:-::::::::::::::::::::::::~: "29U I;::~: Ii:~:~ ;!:!!~ "80812:461 1
::~:~ I!:!!: ::::~ !'"493 J "824[ ""124 i~:~~~
1921............................
1928 ..... , .................... ,.
1029 ....................... ,.....
1980.............................
lll31 ....... -....................
198!1..........................
HISS .............................
1984.................
1935 .............................
1986 ............................
1937 .................... ~ ......
1938 ...... " .....................
us:9 ............................
1940...... ,......................
1941 .......- ... -...............
10.2 ... .,.,.....................
19·U.............................
1944 ...........................
1945.............-.............
1&46 ..... """.................
1&47 .................. -.........
1941L..........................
1DU.............-..............
19!50............................
1951.. ...........-.............
JD&lL..........................
lDl:la ................. n.........
HHSL....
ustL.................
195\L.......
1957..
4U I 2,671 jl.!l16 I 4,587
8G512,70712,469 j .5,176
34112.92(1 2,052 l4.978
42512.31611,260 j s.no
68811,4631 88412,297
874 j 1,3ti5! 9()0 2,25fi
1,1-34 !1.78611.335 ! 8.121
1.122 2.796j1.729, 4.11215
1,291 1 2,140 11,497 14,287
1,12412,959 11.8-1o 4,'799
t,a11 s.ooa11.818! 5,421
1.ao3 IB.S49 12,266js.urs
1.212 1s.sos 12.o5o I5,1.HHi
\,004j8,923! 2,104 6,027
939 I 8,90111,8!!316,724
480! 2,92{) [1,604,4,424
212 : 2,394 ~ 1,699 4,093
25() 11.896 ~ 1,825 13.721
209" 11,933 ~ 1.no I3JJ83
847 ! una r 1.817 1a.n=.~
a.ao r a..o24 1 2.2s5l ;~_:!62
8481 a, us • 2.429 e:,nz
303111,084 2.724IIS,T53
321 ~ 8,31}9 2.41ti I (i,SH
205! 3,785 S.fl&517.48tJ
280 '4.,111 8.92:3 18.&94
132 ! 3,145 2,0:89,5,734
199,2,644 2,1'120 5-,164
103: 2,1564 2.l"i5315,1l7
105! 2,637 2,827 j 5,4i'J4
i
s7, t.ass 2,44714,440
854 ! 2.842 8,646 1,579 6.2:2!i
911 12,74818,814 1,~20 5,834
966 12.948 I 3,67~ j1,Sl'i3 ~.0:28
sa213.197l8,889/1,256 4,646
581 13.157 I 2,957 1,125 4,082
542 j2,036 I 2,6281 980 8,608
581 12.436 I 2.241
853 3.094
631 2.890 2.0~0 I 848 2.898
90712,711 2,14~
820 2,971
120 2,67812,oul 799 :t.su
1,1es! 3,027 2.28o
sa1 JS.153
919 ra.HiB 12.0881 87412.962
996:3.187 12.161
s.oj} 12.976
1,048 ~ 2,94.412,1'Hi! 69912,874
1,02513,072 2,229) 494,2,723
960 t 3,1555 j1.,892! 468- 2,860
ss1 12,835 1 2,240 ~ au 12,851
84912.981 12,150! 689 I 2,839
822 2.834 11,9:27 • 1503 j2,4M
67212,813 11,11s · G82 12.aor;
9ao a.461 1 1.694 • 1s1 1 2.42!5
1,1261 a,884 11.59-! i 872 12.-t.ae
UW3 3.763]1.761: 154512,806
1,21'i91 3,7"5911. 745 I 516 12,261
1,807 4.tH4 1,4621 463! 1,92t'i
1,t116 14,120 11,280: 40111,681
1,371 _ 8.901 ! 1, 154 ! 396 !1,ri50
1,129 'S.J 19I1,0HI
358 ,1,434
l.Otn j8,.&04! 1.100
S7S t,4'ts
lJH3 13.339 l 968' 398 11,866
I 412:
641' 1 1381
MS
122 14,830
120 15,4.24
' 492 j 6-H
268 15,565
8431 3441 110114,082
460
1'1281 380112,171
IS36
829 I 844 10,524
376! 269 I 408 )11,869
877/ ,8, I 880 12.98/S
l'.i36
270
754 1 18,787
oat I 288 1 s:us 114,11&
724 1 a21 1 nas 16,129
~oo 1 2oa ~ sag ts.o:n
652 1 au r !161 tts,8oo
8271 384' 64'1'116,701'i
7631 H8 f 422 1t'i,OS4
842l 8.78 \ 262 13,2'10
673 1 1120
S67 12,448
690
SIH
628112,.814
Q2l
385
586 11,820
s21 1 IS !'its
6TD 1n,ns
977 1 1:185
869 1 u.aon
666
7!5f 116 •.SD7
2,120
642
626 16,621
1,916
616
6(10 116.612
t,788j 62&
4.91 17,863
1,530
GM
t'i2D 118.257
t,ifOD , 1559 : 684 15.7\fO
1,861
6381 584 ~ 14,128
1,646
641 1 1.2:2 114.102
1,598
710 I 854j14,1S39
sse JS,saa;1.o2o 1 sao 11,uo t,7tNS i Bt&i 414! ts.a:7
I
1
1
I
t,l5911
I
I
l The average number ¢mployed in the industry is the sum of the averages: for individual companies. Tho average
lot each company is obtained bY taklng: the sum of the numbers employed each month and dividing by 12, re:san:tless or
the number of mouth$ wQrked.
A 42
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
TABLE XIV.-LODE-METAL MI><Es--TONNAGE, NUMBER OF MINES,
NET AND GROSS VALUE OF PRINCIPAL METALS,4 1901-57
Tonnage,
Year
19&1 ............. :
:!iiO!L....... .
1903 ..•... ,•. ,..,
1904 .............
1905 ..............
HHH.l
1901 .............
l901L.
Jl)(!fL.
l!HO ..•.
191L.
19UL...
HH4 ....
191fi
191!L.
926,162
1,009,011.1
1,!::88,4(16
1,461.1109
l.T<HUS19
1,!;>03.872
1,805,614
2.083.606
!!,051,113
2,!H6,42S
1,170.75ti
2,688,532
2,663,809
2,!15,911
2,720,669
3,2!!:9,942
2,"Hri,t~S
1t1,. '"''""'
lm'i!l
2,912:,516
2,146.9.20
2,215,445
U!86,428
1,592,163
2,447,672
3,413,91.2
3,549,269
4,775,327
1.1,416,411
6,241,672
6,01't,903
6.804,216
1.1,:14:9,622
4.854,904
4:,068,77G
5,141,744
4,927,204
4.881,113
6,145,244
7.877,117
7,212,171
1,'941),136
$,1}1.')7,937
6,81;4,844
:s, 186,864
4,819,851
4,377,122
3, 705,594
.S,011,211
5.762,321
6,125,460
6.802,482
6,!>72.400
9.174,(111
9,660,281
8,613.865
tU26.902
>!,f<27,fJ37
1967
7,282:,4$8
1918 ...........
1919 .......... .,,
1920'............ .
1921 ........... ..
1&2!!'..... ,.•. ,, ••
1923., .. ,•• _ •...
1024 ............ .
1925
192:6,........... .
1927 .....•., ..•..
1928 ........... ,.
19:.?9 .............
1930 ............ .
1981 ............ .
1982 ............ .
1983 ............ .
1934 ........... ..
11t.S5 ............ .
l1Ut6 ............ .
1937 ............ .
1088.-..........
1039 .............
1'940.-........ ..
1i41 ·······-····
1042."""'"""'"
1943 ............ .
1044 .............
194!':1. ............
)946 ..... '""""'"
1047 ........... ..
l94!L. ... .
1941>............ .
1950
UHil
HH'.i:.! .•..
lfiS3..
1954 ............ .
1fi55 ..... """"'"
1
I
Numher
Of
ShJpping
Mines
..
119
12<
126
,
Numb"
of Mines
Shipping
too
I over
Tons
TO
••••
..
98
13!!
•••
,110
144
121
••••
••
71
.
132
110
lOG
33,lUHJ.24T
I
I
::::::::::::::: I
.. ...
r
109
145
177
168
180
211
217
216
200
126
48
••"
50
••
91
118
112
119
••80
••
••
5S
70
72
70
113
92
99
92
••
16
32
31
21
.,.
..••
.
32
64
48
40
34
40
40
Metal.s
11.66!1,166
28
81
S2
22
of Lode
Produ<"erl'
17,190,838
Hi,22$,061
19,99!!,149
81,488.0:14
26,'i@.8,474
21.tHH.i,278
19,76(1,498
19,444,865
12,920.898
19,221,867
25,341.0:92
••
.,••••
••
~
\ $14.1()(1:.282
, U,581,11l8
12,10S,237
12,1to'0,035
l!S.980.164
18.484,102
17,816.841
16,841.4.11
115.431.141
14,728,131
11.454,063
••••••
••
••••••
••••••
H
••••
...
.
••..
.,••
"
..
100
Gross Value
I
I
76
77
12
118
Treatment~
by Sblpper2
Net Value
to Shippers
••
14
104
1<7
108
83
Freight
and
as Reported
,.
146
••
Gross Value
$88,fit'i8,618
27,750.364
29,()7(),071$
34,71!1.887
2"1,97'1,688
10,513,931
7,071!.,898
13,976,SIJS
20.2"43,278
21'i,407.914
30,0151.207
43,91'i4.077
31),27$,488
40,716.889
43,870,298
46,(U;t,S22
43,19!M04
$48.617,920
40 ..222,281
45,188,788
50,004;909
t>2,3U,8iQ
50,4l)4,041
37,284.070
29,327,114
.34,11:14,917
48;920,941
8VJ3S,09S
U,668.B4S
{,948,754
4,416,919
6,SU,611
J 18,ilS,8fi9
j 8,58~.188
{19.4:26,878
S6,1!H,361
117,41i$JJ84
106,601.4lH
66,789.892
77,088,160
88,343,241
125,043,590
l9,GU,l8G
22,113,431
26,096,148
S0,444,1S7:i
21,815,1(>2
20,1Sl'J,f;l13
30,6l.H}.044
i:U.ftlHUJ81
96.644,980
80,278,900
86,37(),188
108.864,792
142,590,427
140,070,389
9-i,.55:>,{H!9
106,2!!3,833
119,039.285
1),673.,04"IS,294,687
3,9C0,367
2,811' 70~
2.71Ul92
2,904,180
4,122,010
ti3,293, 70-3
26,449,108
U,383.82fi
46,016,841
16,$11.087
100.128,127
70,814.604
ii&,1J{),2ff2
46,21}(1-,135
U,ts08.031
44,911,082
48,2&:1.,82:1
tll,114,81i9
40,91~,8!)!)
22,336,1'.173
19,700,23!5
2ti,OO'f,131
83.89tl,930
40.&91,li6D
48,0:66,41'12
62,91:2.183
U,811,333
63,52:2,098
62,848,64:2
62,211\,1)19
M,3:S0,479
46,080.04:!
39,3HS,1UO
49,9!11,071
tiG,tiUt,691
98.116.HUI
125,019.961
105,25{1,001
121,68!5.4111
146,140,471
1 184,111.&67
l 110,841.548
i l11.SH.346
1 12Si,41'H1,122
1 141,31:S,n45
117,209,127
Includes mercury ores, tungsten ores, iron ores. and silica (flux).
Data not collected before 1937.
Previous to 1937 the shipper reJWrted "Net Value at Shipping Point.•• no indication being given as to how the net
value was computed. From 1937 on, the shipper bas :reported "Gross Value," from which deduction of freight and
treatment gives "Net Value."
J Gross value as represented by valuing gold, silver, copper. lead, and zinc a.t yearly average price!! and since 1956
includes vatu<: of tungst<:n <:onte.nt in <:oncentreto:s £hipped.
t
Jt
!I
TABLE XV.-LODE-METAL PRODUCTION IN
Property or
Operator
Location
of Mine
0"
Treated
Shipped or
Owner or Agent
1957
Gross Metal Contents
Gold
o,.
'l'ons
Tulsequah Mines Ltd., TraiL
142,537
Chief
Maid of Erin_
Liard Mining
Division
Nil .........·----------------------------
;>
...
~
Rainy Hollow........ . St. Eugene Mining Corporation Ltd., Toronto, Ont.
--------
-------------------------------
2
Zinc concentrates, 20,145 tons;
lead concentrates, 4,564 tons;
copper and gold concentrates,
10,999 tons
Crude ore
------
Clinton Mining
Division
NiL _______ ------------.............. __
Omineca Mining
Division
Cronin Babine _
Silver Standard __
-----------
Wells __
The Cariboo Gold Quartz Mining Co., Ltd., Vancouver
----------------------- ----------------
_________ ,
________
---------
New Cronin Babine Mines Ltd.,
Vancouver
Hazelton ______________ Silver Standard Mines, Ltd.,
Vancouver
Smithers.
-----------------
------------------
90,796
I
!
o,.
-------5,917
21,758
----------------
--------
--------------------
Zinc concentrates, 742 tons; lead
concentrates, 445 tons
l.e•d concentrates, 2,251 tons;
zinc concentrates, 1,205 tons
610,615
Lb.
4,436,737
........
3,940
----------
Crude ore
------------------------------
Re-treated iron-ore concentrates,
81,856 tons
I
I
Lead
Zinc
Lb.
5,365,372
Lb.
24,651,145
-~-----
------------
C•dmium
II
II
Lb.
91,289
I
I
I
I
II --- - - -
I
·····-· I
I
I
I
I
I
I
4,547
I
I
I
I
·····-·I ··---
I
I
66,625
1'7,840
698,941
I 745,175
87,523
3,266,562
I
121
I
I
·····-· I
I
I
I --------
,
II
-
I
I
I
I
...
-----
II
------------
631
1,068
I
I
I
I
I
-------------
I··· ..........
II
s
Copper
I
38,757
Bullion ----------
COAST AND ISLANDS
Alberni Mining
Division
White Star -------- _______ --------- Zeballos ______________ Cascade Lode Mines Ltd., Vancouver
Nanaimo Mining
Division
Iron Hill
Argonaut Mine Division of
-------------- ------ Quinsam I,.ake ..
Utah Co. of the Americas,
Campbell River
15,426
I
Silver
I
----------
CENTRAL BRITISH
COLUMBIA
Cariboo Mining
Division
Cariboo Gold Quartz and
Aurum
II
I
I
I
I
NoRTHERN BRITisH
COLUMBIA
Atlin Mining
Division
Big Bull "'d Tulsequah Tulsequah _______
I
Product Shipped
--I
....
I
I
1
848,354 \ 10,'782
2,015,825
I
! 21,584
I
'
I
I
I
I
s I ····-
I
II -----------
l
I
I
16
-
671
II
I
--~ ------_I__ ,
TABLE XV.-LODE-METAL PRODUCTION IN
Property or
Location
Operator
of Mine
Oco
Shipped
Owner or Agent
1957---Continued
or
Product Shipped
Treated
Gold
I
COAST AND
Gross Metal Contents
I
Silver
I
Copper
Lead
I
I
I mium
Cad-
Zinc
lsLANDs--Continued
Nanaimo Mi:ning
Divi.tion--Continued
Merry Widow No. S and
Kingfisher
Prescott, Paxton, Yellow
Kid, Yellow Jacket
Benson Lake _________ Empire Development Co. Ltd.,
Vancouver
Texada Island _____ Texada Mines Ltd., Vancou-
>
t
------- -- --- --- -------------·
Skeena Mining
Division
Silbak Premier ______________ Premier_"'
ToriC--~----·-· ···------- --
Vancouver Mining
Division
Britannia.. ___________ ····-·······
Victoria Mining
Division
Blue Grouse ......-- ····------ __
Iron-ore concentrates, 66,215 tons
402,443
Iron-ore
tons;
"'
New Westminster
Mlning Division
Nil.-----------------
Tom
123,631
-----------------
Cowichan Lake_..
209,271
concentrates,
2,563 tons
-----·--
Silbak Premier
Vancouver
Kitsault River _____ Torbrit Silver
Toronto, Ont.
Britannia Beach _
concentrates,
copper
··-----------
Mines
Mines
...
Ltd.,
Ltd.,
Br.itannia Mining & Smelting
Co. Ltd., Britannia Beach
Cowichan Copper Co.
Lake Cowichan
Ltd.,
----------
. ----------154.419
849,212
--·····
----·- ------------- -------- -----
...........
Salvage----zinc concentrates, 68
tons; lead and gold concen~
trates, 139 tons
Silver-lead concentrates, 2,005
tons; silver bullion
Copper concentrates and
precipj~
tates, 28,497 tons; zinc con~
centrates, 16,693 tons; iron
pyrite concentrates, 46,410 tons
9,234
Crude ore
Oz.
- I --- . . ..... Oz.
621 1
Motherlode_.. ______________ Greenwood _______ Woodgreen Copper Mines Ltd.,
Toronto, Ont.
Providence ...._ - - - - - - - - - - GreenwOod ___ .... S. J. and J. S. Kleman, Greenwood; W. Madden, Greenwood
15,779
100,0001
12
666,185
----------"'----
----
...
I
--·····---------------
I
I
I
I
I
I
Lead concentrates, 1,045 tons;
zinc concentrates, 474 tons;
jig concentrates, 214 tons
Copper concentrates, 2,527 tons"'
1,8021
Crude ore -----------···--·-------
5/
401
1
•• 771
I
-·· I
I
I
I
I
I
I
-I
I
I
Lb.
---------
----
112,649 I
100,724 II
4,155
1,466,0661
I
I
I
·-·
'--------"'---
2.005.673
I
I
119.029.991 1.7.044
I
I
I
1,048,273
-
...
I
______ ·---1 --I
I
I
716,546
I
I
I
I
I
2,030
11,0211 102.105117.657,915
II
II
Lb.
I
I
I
I
I
2,664 ll
I11,674,166
SOUTH CEN"lllAL
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Greenwood Mining
Division
Highland-Bell .. _____________ Bea verden ________ ..... Highland-Bell Ltd., Vancouver
lb.
Lb.
9,485 1
I
I
I
I
- II
I
357 \
{
II
1 ---------------··
492,854
I
s.9It
I
4,652
-··· -1I
---···-
I
1,165,832
1,330 ' -----------
I
I
623,118
------
I
I
I
l
Kamloops Mining
Division
Ni[ ______________________ _
1----
Lillooet Mining
Division
Bralome -------·--·--··---
Bridge River_
Bralome Mines Ltd., Vancou-
Pioneer __ _
Bridge River___
Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C.
Ltd., Vancouver
"'
Nicola Mining
Division
NiL____ - - ----1
-Osoyoos Mining
Division
Fairview......... _____ _
Oliver __ _
i
Similkameen Mining
Division
.,._ Copper Mountain __
>
~
Vernon Mining
Division
102,084
Bullion; gold concentrates, 2,509
tons
Bullion
-------·-1
1
89,091
18,9541
56,198
11,954
-1
31,874
4,394
Silica flux
-------·--.... ---------Bullion
Salvage-concentrates, 127 tons __
I
-I
1,940
427
1
I
I
I
1 .....
I
I
I
- --------1----------•-------- -------- -----------1
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of Canada, Ltd., Trail
Hedley .... ----------- French Mines Ltd., Vancouver
Hedley __
W. B. Graham, Hedley, lessee,
from Kelowna Mines Hedley Ltd.
French ______ _
Nickel Plate __ _
141,192
I
I
120
94
946
I
Copper Mountain .I Granby Cons. M.S. & P. Co .
Ltd., Copper Mountain
568,006
Copper concentrates, 16,400 tons __
I
I
2,616 1
7,133,729
37,394
---1
SOUTHEASTERN BRITISH
Monarch __ _
Golden __ ------------
----------1
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of Canada, Ltd., Trail
2,423,577
Sheep Creek Mines Ltd., Nel'on
Cowichan Copper Co. Ltd.,
Lake Cowichan
168,119
Ptarmigan ------·------Horsethief Creek __ H. Seel, Edgewater_ __
Silver Giant __ .... -------· _______ Spillimacheen ........ Giant Mascot Mines Ltd., Vancouver
I
I
COLUMBIA
Golden Mining
Division
Mineral King and Paradise_! Toby Creek. __
I
I
I
Nil ..
Fort Steele Mining
Division
Sullivan ________________ .. ____ _) Kimberley___ .
II
Lead concentrates, 108,086 tons;
zinc concentrates, 260,196 tons;
tin concentrates, 546 tons
Lead concentrates, 3,364 tons;
zinc concentrates, 11,862 tons
Salvage-lead concentrates, 60
tons; zinc concentrates, 94
tom
20
75,237
Crude ore
--------- ---------·Lead concentrates, 2,261 tons;
zinc concentrates, 649 tons
279
I
12,542,275
I
1
I
II
1
I
I
I
71,675
708
I
II
1
331,393 1172,694,865 !245,793,4471
I
85,122
I
I
I
5 1
1
3,0581
33,112
I
I
I
I
I
90,124
I
I
3,960,047 1 13,568,709 1 14,823
I
95,561 I
107,809 1
I
I
I
I
141 I
3,217,789 I
I
169
91 I
863,330 1 2,475
I
TABLE XV.-LODE-METAL PRODUCTION IN
Property or
Operator
Location
of Mine
Owner or Agent
Oce
Shipped or
Treated
1957---Continued
Gross Metal Contents
Product Shipped
Gold
l
Copper
Silver
COLUMBIA-Continued
i
I
o,.
Toru;
G. D. Fox and R. W. Linn,
Erie ....
Trail
Canadian Exploration Ltd.,
Emerald-Feeney-Dodger -----1 Salmo ..
Vancouver
Hope __ _
Boswell .
----· Silver-Lead Producers Syndicate, Vancouver
H.B, _________ _
Salmo _
Consolidated Min:ng and Smelting Co. of Canada, Ltd., Trail
Jecsey _________ _
Salmo _
Canadian Exploration Ltd.,
Vancouver
Creston.--------- _______ King Crest Mines Ltd., VanKing No. 1, Prince No, 2 __
couver
Salmo........ ___________ A. Endersby, Sr., and A. EnNugget___
dersby, Jr., Fruitvale
.J:>. Reeves MacDonald _
Remac ·--·------ ----··- Reeves MacDonald Mines Ltd.,
Vancouver
Sun......... ______ _
-----1
Nelson-------------·-- W. Rozan, Nelson-
>
"'
Revelstoke Mining
Division
Spider, Eclipse _
I
I
SOUTHfjASTER.N BRITISH
Nelson Mining
Division
Arlington __
Lead
Camborne ----·--···-
Sunshine Lardeau Mines Ltd.,
Vancouver
Slocan Mining
Division
Berengaria ___ --------------~-- __
Deanshaven __
BluebelL
RiondeL
Messrs. Shugarman and D.
Smith, Edmonton, Alta··--··Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of Canada, Ltd., Trail
W. H. McLeod, Silverton,
lessee, from New Santiago
Mines Ltd.
Yale Lead and Zinc Mines
Ltd., Ainsworth
Index Mines Ltd., c/o H. F.
Kenward, Vancouver
M. B. Sirak, Ainsworth _________ _
Lone Bachelor Mines Ltd.,
Toronto, Ont.
Alex. S. Wojna, New Denver__ _
Cory Johnson, New Denver...---
--~
Bosun __ -------· ···-----------··---1 Sandon ___ ····-- ____
Highlander.... -----······---~ Ainsworth ________
Index ____ ----····-------····-- KasJo _________ ·-----Laura M _____ ·------------ Ainsworth ... _______
Lone Bachelor.------·---·-- Sandon --------····--·-Lost Atlantis _______ ···---- New Denver_·······Molly Hughes....... _------·-- New Denver______
II
172,160
12
Crude ore, 4 tons; concentrate
clean-up of mill, 7 tons
Tungsten concentrates,
units W03
96,074
216
107
Crude ore __ _
420,695
405,531
9
29,355
124
256,1182
76
65,240
s
8
42'
3
I
Lead concentrates, 2,874 tons;
zinc concentrates, 3,880 tons;
crude ore, 456 tons
····--··- ____ --····-------------·-----------···--··--
Crude ore
.......... _________ _
Crude ore, 0.37 ton .... ···------------
i
107
I
Lb.
2,210
79,902
22
280,749
409
I 361,189
I 1,251
98,461
164
··-
I
Lb.
2,097
I
11,146,961
I
I
51,411
1
I
2,112!
I
28,718,653 [217,492
-I
2151
17
I
17
4,115,630
l
18,262
298,692
I
I
5,016,336129,409
19,614
II
1
25,925,392 131,079,628 1139,423
6,566
12,049
I
1
I
I
I
I
Lb.
7,922,967 /27,378,157 iiS0,152
I
73
4,201
166
142
II
II
372
1
1
C•dmlllm
6,696,539 136,999,869 13II,669
2,161
I
I
I
I
,_,06 II
II
1
II
I
·I
30
Lb.
1,302
3,929
481
I
Lead concentrates, 4,187 tons;
zinc concentrates, 630 tons
Crude ore
'"-....... ___ ···------- 1
90
26,155
Crude ore
Lead concentrates, 17,640 tons;
zinc concentrates, 30,863 tons
Lead concentrates, 7 tons; zinc
concentrates, 9 tons
o,.
54
58
Lead concentrates, 5,328 tons;
zinc concentrates, 24,982 tons
Crude ore
Crude ore
Crude ore
I
I
Crude ore
Lead concentrates, 4,569 tons;
zinc concentrates, 36,112 tons
Lead concentrates, 6,292 tons;
zinc concentrates, 24,188 tons
Crude development ore
451,381
26
I
z;n,
6,408,079
864,930
2,0831
t,008
5,369 1
58,8261
1,406
6,s21
1,184
S4
I
II
I
I
I
1
I
I
91
511
63
268
New
Oltawa_
Sitvetsmith, Ruth-Hope,
15
Sandon
Siocan Star
Spokane
Ainsworth
Mines of B.C. Ltd.,
Vancouver, and lessees
2.;
2,265
T. Lane and C. Bartlartd, Aitt,._
4
Crude ore
Crude ore, 0.76 ton ---·------Crude ore ... -------- _____ ------··-Leadconcentrates,115tons; rim:
concentrates, 334 tons; crude
ore, 102 tons
Crude ore -----·- ----·· "'""" _ . ------"'
2.9J3
57
3,402
"
I
12!
WOi1h
"""""" """ i Western Exploratlon Co.
SJJvcrton, and lessees
Uti.;:a
Kaslo Creek
J. A. C.oo~r. Kaslo>
Mines l.!d., Vancouver
Slocan Van Roi Mines
V~!n Roi, H<:witl, Westmont l Silverton
and lessees
Violamac Mlncs ttd.,
Victor.
Sandon
Denver
Standard,
moth
>
_,
.f>.
Silverton
Trail Creek Mining
Division
Snowdrop
Velvet __
Rossland'"
Ro:ssland
W.D.... ..
Trail ..
Estimated.
Inch1des 530 tons of tailings recovered from Kootenay Lake.
Ore milled is included In aggregate totals of Violamac Mines Ltd.
' lnchu.les 964 tons of ore salvaged from We~mont ore dump.
1
1
1
167
.
I
245,363 1
107
!1,493
17&,93'2
l.3l8,784
•s
13,318
Lajo
lS7 1
Ltd.
7,71':::11
New
17,6-33-
---······-l3,S98
87
Lead concentrates, 941 tons; zinc
c-oncentrates, 1 ,492 tons
Crude ore, 17 tuns; zinc conce:n·
trates, 17 tons
Zinc concentrates, till tons; lead
concentrates, 467 tons
tead concentrates, 2,8~1 Ions;
zinc concentrates, 4,304 ton~:
crude ore, 268 tons
Crude ore, tl02 ton
. ......
Concentrates, 864 tons ... -·---.....
Crude ore
l
22
J41
I
.5,104
8,465
99,021
472,574
J-."19,R0l
4,673,56~
1
1,410
7R
50
100
I
723,920
!1,217,096
I
I
I
I
1
I
200
5,253
I
I 32,516
1
I
........
388
I
I
1.696,664 l 12,330
r
13,799 I
!
11
1,000
I
I
395.558 I 2,527
J
Ltd.,
Warnm Crowe, Tra.IL.---········
. Mid.We~t Copper and Uranium
i Mines Ud., ROs$land
E. Wells and F. D\)nnell)f, Trail
-·I
I
I
I
25,3ll
94,77<)_1_"
%4
I
A 48
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
TABLE XVI.-LODE-METAL MINES EMPLOYING AN AVERAGE OF TEN
OF MORE MEN DURING !9571
Average
Days
Name of Mine or Operator
Mine
Shipping Mines
Big Bull and Tulsequah Chief (Tulsequah Mines Ltd.) __ -----Cariboo Gold Quartz Mining Co. Ltd .... ----------------------Silver Standard Mlnes Ltd ....... ----------- ---- ---------- ---------------------
Torbrit Silver Mines Ltd..... _______________
--------
------- ---------- -------
Britannia Mining and Smelting Co. Ltd. ------------- --------- ... ----Highland-Bell Ltd.-------------------------------------- .. ---------------Woodgreen Copper Mines Ltd. __________ ----------------- ---------Bralorne Mines Ltd·----------···-------- --······ -------------------- ····--------Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C. Ltd. __
_..... ····- ·-------------- ... ----····
French Mines Ltd.-----·--·-----------·----------------------Copper Mountain (Granby Cons. M.S. & P. Co. Ltd.) ________
Bluebell (Cons. M. & S. Co. of Canada, Ltd.)-·····-··
Highlander (Yale Lead & Zinc Mines Ltd.) ___ ---------···· ····-· ··--Western Exploration Co. Ltd. ----------·-------- ---·- --------···· ........ ......
Victor (Violamac Mines Ltd.) ____________ -·-············ -----------------------·
H.}l. (Cons. M. & S. Co. of Canada, Ltd.>------···· -----------------Jersey (Canadian Exploration Ltd.) __ -----------····--·· -----Emerald-Feeney-Dodger (Canadian Exploration Ltd.) ····-----Reeves MacDonald Mines Ltd. ----------···-······ ··----------- ---------····
Sullivan (Cons. M. & S. Co. of Canada, Ltd.) .. ·-------Mineral King and Paradise (Sheep Creek Mines Ltd.) ----- · Silver Giant (Giant Mascot Mines Ltd.) -------·--······--···-- ----Spider (Sunshine Lardeau Mines Ltd.) ___ ---------------····· ···-- ···-Velvet (Mid-West Copper & Uranium Mines Ltd.) __
Blue Grouse (Cowichan Copper Co. Ltd.) __
--------------Argonaut Mine D'vis'on of Utah Co. of the Americas
Empire Development Co. Ltd. _
---------------------·-···--·····-·····-Texada Mines Ltd. -·······-··--- ---- ............- ------------------------·-············_.
Non-shipping Mines
American Smelting & Refining Company ___ .
---Granduc Mines Ltd. --------- --·-·····---···----- ··-·----------------------Newmont Exploration Co. Ltd. __
Northwestern Exploration Ltd, ____
··---------------------------·
·-····
Phoenix Copper Co. Ltd.····----··--------------··- --·······- ··---- ------ ---Rexspar Uranium & Metals Mining Co. Ltd. ---------- -···--- ·-·-··-·Sunro (Cons. M. & S. Co. of Canada, Ltd.) ----------------------------Wesfrob Mines Ltd. __
--····· ....... -------------------·--Western Nickel Ltd ...
-------·---· -------·----- ----------
215
279
278
365
N.A.
267
N.A.
365
365
122
120
2>2
260
286
365
365
36S
36S
2>0
2SO
307
158
293
154
256
110
188
I
II
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
365
365
122
120
351
269
219
365
365
365
3S4
I
I
I
II
I
I
I
II
I
I
I
I
I
I 355 I
I 158 I
351 I
II
I
I
I
I
I
!
'
I
----
Mined
Mill
242
365
350
365
N.A .
267
N.A.
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
2SO
110
12
44
110
212
Number
Tons
Operating
II
142,537
90,796
29,589
154,419
N.A.
15,779
N.A.
141,192
107,998
4,183
568,006
256,118
65,240
16,285
17,633
451,381
420,695
172,160
415,374
2,423,577
168,119
75,237
29,977
7,602
9,234
I
I
I
II
I
II
I
Employed
Milled
I
142,537
90,796
21,758
154,419
N.A.
15,779
N.A.
141,192
102,084
4,183
568,006
256,118ll
65,240
13,318
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
----------·I
I
II
I
I
I
I
!
I
I
I
451,381
420,695
172,160
405,531
2,423,577
168,119
75,237
29,355
7,602
---···········
81,856~
I
I
I
I
------------I ···I ............ I
------------I
I
I ··--------··-· I
•...
I --··-·········
•.............
I -----------...........
_
--------I
I ------------ I ..............
I --·- --.....
I
I
I
123,631
402,443
Mlno
I
I
123,631
402,443
I
II
I
I
I
I
I
II
I
I
I
I
I
I
II
I
I
I
133
168
79
104
I
Mill
II
13
II
4S
20
10
12
17
I 14
I 22
N.A. I N.A.
48
42 I
N.A. I N.A.
363 I
27
226 I
21
3
9 I
241
282
62
40
63
117
168
135
125
1,103
307
44
66
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
14
14
27
24
367
"'6
I
28 I
12
4
5I
76
6
4
22
37
22'
I
I
I
I
I
I
22
66
15
21
15
II
23
10
"'
I
I
I
I
··---·
!
I
I
I
I
I
I
The average number emnloyed includes wage-earners and salaried employees. The average is obtained by addmg
the monthly figures and dividinl!' by 12, irrespective of the number of months worked.
2 Includes 530 tons of tailings dredged from Kootenay Lake at Pilot Bay, site of original concentrator.
s Concentrates produced by re--treating impure material. Men noted were employed salvaging equipment, except
for a short period when some were employed in mill.
'N.A.=Not available.
1
Departmental Work
ADMINISTRATION BRANCH
The Administration Branch is responsible for the administration of the Provincial
laws regarding the acquisition of rights to mineral and to coal, petroleum and natural
gas, and deals with other departments of the Provincial service for the Department or for
any branch.
Gold Commissioners, Mining Recorders, and Sub-Mining Recorders, whose duties
are laid down in the "Mineral Act" and the " Placer-mining Act," administer these Acts
and other Acts relating to mining. Mining Recorders, in addition to their own functions,
may also exercise the powers conferred upon Gold Commissioners with regard to mineral
claims within the mining division for which they have been appointed. Similar duties
may be performed by Mining Recorders with regard to placer claims but not in respect
of placer-mining leases. Recording of location and of work upon a mineral claim as
required by the "Mineral Act" and upon a placer claim or a placer-mining lease as
required by the "Placer-mining Act" must be made at the office of the Mining Recorder
for the mining division in which the claim or lease is located. Information concerning
claims and leases and concerning the ownership and standing of claims and leases in any
mining division may be obtained from the Mining Recorder for the mining division in
which the property is situated or from the Department's offices at Victoria, and Room
104, 739 West Hastings Street, Vancouver. Officials in the offices of the Gold Commis'
sioner at Victoria and the Gold Commissioner at Vancouver act as Sub-Mining Recorders
for all mining divisions. Sub-Mining Recorders, who act as forwarding agents, are
appointed at various places throughout the Province. They are authorized to accept
documents and fees, and forward them to the office of the Mining Recorder for the
correct mining division. Officials and their offices in various parts of the Province are
listed in the table on page A 50.
CENTRAL RECORDS OFFICES (VICTORIA AND VANCOUVER)
The transcripts of all recordings made in Mining Recorders' offices throughout the
Province are sent to the office of the Chief Gold Commissioner in Victoria twice each
month, and include the names of lessees of reverted Crown-granted mineral claims.
These records and maps showing the approximate positions of mineral claims held by
record and of placer-mining leases may be consulted by the public during office hours
at Victoria and at the office of the Gold Commissioner at Vancouver, Room I 04, 739
West Hastings Street. The maps conform in geographical detail, size, and number to
the reference and mineral reference maps issued by the Legal Surveys Branch of the
Department of Lands and Forests, and the approximate positions of mineral claims held
by record and of placer-mining leases are plotted from details supplied by the locators.
Provision has been made to supply the general public, on request to the office of the
Chief Gold Commissioner, with copies of the maps. The charge for these maps is $1
plus 5 per cent tax for each sheet.
A 49
A 50
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
MINING DIVISIONS AMALGAMATED SINCE
Date
Oct.
Dec.
Apr.
Mar.
Aug.
May
New Name
Mining Divisions Amalgamated
1,
1,
1,
1,
1949 Revelstoke and Lardeau .
1949 Kamloops and Ashcroft _______ _
1951 Skeena and Portland CanaL
1952 Stikine and Peace River ...
2, 1954 Slocan and Ainsworth
I, 1955 cariboo and QuesneL __
1949
Mining
Recorder's
Office
Revelstoke __
Revelstoke.
Kamloops _
Kamloops.
Pr:nce Rupert.
Skeena _
Liard __ _
Victoria.
Slocan _
Kaslo.
Cariboo -------------·----------- Quesnel.
LIST OF GOLD COMMISSIONERS AND MINING RECORDERS lN THE PROVINCE
Mining Division
AibernL
Atlin
Car:boo _
Clinton_
Fort Steele __
Golden.
Greenwood.
Kamloops ..
Liard.
Lillooet.
Nanaimo _
Nelson
New Westminster __
Nicola_
Omineca _
Osoyoos _
Revelstoke _
Similkameen _
Skeena __
Slocan _
Trail Creek __
Vancouver __ _
Vernon __
Victoria_
Location of Office
Alberni _
Atlin_
Quesnel_
Clinton
Cranbrook _
Golden
Grand Forks
Kamloops
Victoria
Lillooet __
Nanaimo _
Nelson_
New Westminster._.
Merritt
----------------·
Smithers.
Penticton _
Revelstoke _
Princeton __
Prince Rupert _
Kaslo_
Rossland.
Vancouver__
Vernon __
Victoria.
Gold Commissioner
T. G. O'Neill __
L. D. Sands_
F. E. P. Hughes_
W. E. McLean __
E. L. HedleYR. E. Manson ______________ ... _
R. Macgregor_ ___ _
D. Dalgle:sh _
R. H. McCrimmon.
E. B. Offin
W. H. Cochrane __
K. D. McRae_
1. F. McDonald_
D. Dalgleish (Kamloops)-.
G. H. Beley __
T. S. Dalby __
W. T. McGruder __
B. Kennelly_
T. H. W. Harding __
C. Macdonald_
W. L. Draper .
1. EgdelL
G. F. Forbes __
R. H. McCrimmon_
Mining Recorder
T. G. O'Neill.
L. D. Sands.
F. E. P. Hughes.
W. E. McLean.
E. L. Hedley.
R. E. Manson.
R. Macgregor.
D. Dalgleis:1.
E. B. Offin.
W. H. Cochrane.
K. D. McRae.
G. C. Kimberley.
T. S. Dobson.
G. H. Beley.
T. S. Dalby.
W. T. McGruder.
B. Kennelly.
T. H. W. Harding.
B. F. Palmer.
W. L. Draper.
Miss S. Hyham (Deputy).
G. F. Forbes.
R. H. McCrimmon.
.,
GOLD COMMISSIONERS' AND MINING RECORDERS' OFFICE STATISTICS, I '157
--
Free Miners' Certifia1tes
...
--··
-··
Lode·miuing
Placer-mining
R>tvenue
--~~~~~--
Mining n:vi.sion
• I
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Clinton.~
Fort Steele
Ootden
Greenwood
Kamloops ..··:::·:·:·:::::·::.::::::.:...
Liard
Lillnoet
Nauaimo __
Nct"«-ll1 c:·c:.c· ....................
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Nicola
Omitteca
Qsoyoos
Reve!Btoke.
Sim•lkameen...
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VatJcouv.er ........... _____ ........
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2
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99
296
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122
265
233
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8
116
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2,943
819
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7,641 i 289
162
us
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214
334
9m
776
2.57
144
96
t,327
636
339
171
229
1,000.00
9,1(}().00
4,8(}().00
324
1,187
4.000.00
350
53
339
167
749
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23
126
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400.00
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498
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73
83
441
65
119
549
214
83
41
17
6,(){)(1.00
700.00
5,200.00
1,000.00
1,600.00
1.:zoo.oo
2,00().00
55
57
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236
!34
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126
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63
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366
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Totals for Province, ·;,. .-,;,-,1956..~ . ~~
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t.475.75
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$4,563.50
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17,691.25 '
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$5.BL75
?,152.25
20,970,25
2.86L95 I 3.046,20
4.249.25
5,725.00
1
4.912.50
5,534.95
12,715.75
6,(1#4.50
6,423,95
3,384.15 I
I 16,100.00
t,444.so \ t4,1~9.7s I 16,204.25
1,191.50 I 5,050.75
6,242,25
959.00 I 8,044.50 I 9,003.50
2,898.751
4,605.50 I 7,504.25
2,077.25
5,324.00 I 7 ,40U:5
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7,862.20 1
8.22J.45
1,724.00 I
7,19$.051
8,919.05
2,."i5J.75
3,442.50
SS8.75
596.25
1,073.00
1.693.75
1,7!32.75
702.00
26,468.25
2
1,235.00
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5,562.75
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13,114.25
13,710.50
6,433.50
7,500.50
9,573.50 1 11,267.25
3,639.23 1 5,422.00
731.25
2,918.25
1.220.25
6,690.25
I
I
I
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1.43~.25
29,386.50
2,455.25
12,253.00
! 690 l$10,075,00 i 162 $62,651.75 1$15.8,362.90 !$221,014.65
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A 52
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
COAL, PETROLEUM, AND NATURAL GAS
The Administration Branch has been responsible for the administration of the
"Petroleum and Natural Gas Act" and for the "Coal Act" since April 1st, 1953.
Information concerning applications for permits and leases issued under the "Petroleum
and Natural Gas Act" and concerning the ownership and standing of them may be
obtained upon application to the office of the Chief Commissioner, Department of
Mines, Victoria, B.C. Similar information may be obtained respecting licences and leases
issued under the "Coal Act." Maps showing the locations of permits and leases under
the " Petroleum and Natural Gas Act" are available, and copies may be obtained upon
application to the office of the Department of Mines, Victoria, B.C. Monthly reports
listing additions and revisions to permit-location maps and listing changes in title to
permits, licences, and leases and related matters are available from the office of the Chief
Commissioner upon application and payment of a fee of $2.50 per annum each.
Petroleum and Natural-go• Statistics, 1957
PermitsIssued
-----------------· ------ -----------------In good standing
Assigned __________________________________ _
Natural-gas licences-Issued __ _
LeasesIssued
In good standing _____________ _
Assigned ____________ _
88
395
41
8
170
307
3
Petroleum and Natural-gas Revenue, 1957
PermitsFees ________ _____________ _
$97,750.00
Rent _____________________ _
2,595,852.50
44,386.17
Cash in lieu of work
- - - - $2,737,988.67
LeasesFees
$4,500.00
Rent __ _
425,677.37
430,177.37
Tender bonus ___________ _
1,342,812.69
RoyaltiesGas __ __
$7,264.27
Oil __ _
104,568.73
111,833.00
Assignment fees ____________________ _
1,125.00
Operators' licences ___________ _
7,850.00
Miscellaneous
____________________ _
1,051.90
$4,632,838.63
DEPARTMENTAL WORK
A 53
Coal Revenue, 1957
Licences$1,450.00
Fees _ --------------------------------Rent ________________________________ _
11,272.50
$12,722.50
LeasesFees ---------------------------Rent _ ------------------------------------Cash in lieu of work ____________ _
$500.00
1,059.04
300.00
1,859.04
28,805.00
Miscellaneous
$43,386.54
MINING LAWS AND LAWS RELATED TO THE MINERAL INDUSTRY
Synopses of mining laws and of laws related to mining, and the titles of the various
Acts and the prices charged for each are available on application.
ANALYTICAL AND ASSAY BRANCH
By S. W. Metcalfe, Acting Chief Analyst and Assayer
ROCK SAMPLES
During 1957 the chemical laboratory in Victoria issued reports on 1,476 samples
from prospectors* and Departmental engineers. A laboratory examination of a prospector's sample generally consists of the following: (1) A spectrographic analysis to
determine if any base metals are present in interesting percentages; (2) assays for precious metals, and for base metals shown by the spectographic analysis to be present in
interesting percentages. The degree of radioactivity is measured on all samples submitted
by prospectors and Departmental engineers; these radiometric assays are not listed bel,ow
in the table.
On March 26th, 1957, fire destroyed the chemicallabratory, causing a considerable
loss and a cessation of analytical work during the months of April and May. Temporary
facilities were provided in the Coal and Petroleum Control Laboratory, where general
analytical work commenced again in June. The spectrograph was totally destroyed, and
its duties were taken over to some extent by the Phillips X-ray spectograph. Spectrographic analyses reported in the following table showing the distribution of laboratory
reports were performed prior to the fire and therefore do not include work done with the
X-ray equipment. It is hoped that a new spectrograph will be installed shortly, when all
samples submitted to the laboratory will be examined for metals which cannot be detected
by X-ray spectrography.
The laboratory reports were distributed in the following manner among prospectors
who were not grantees, prospectors who were grantees under the "Prospectors' Grubstake Act," and Departmental engineers:Spectro-
Samples
graphic
Analyses
Assays
2,597
1
Prospectors (not grantees)-·--·····
-------------------------·····--------Prospectors (grantees) ____________________________________________________ ------------- _ -------------------Departmental engineers ............... ---------------------------------- -----------------------------------------
Totals __ -----------....... ---------- --················· ------·--·····-----·-··-
1,103
1
174
t99
159
7
1
24
432
386
-~~~--190
3,415
• A reasonable number of samples are assayed, without charge, for a prospector who makes application for free
assays and who satisfies the Acting Chief Analyst that prospecting is his principal occupation during the summer months.
A form for use in applying for free assays may be obtained from the office of any Mining Recorder.
A 54.
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
Mineralogical specimens submitted for identification and rocks for classification are
examined by the Mineralogical Branch of the Department.
COAL, PETROLEUM AND GAS SAMPLES
Eighty-nine samples were analysed. Of these, nineteen were samples of formation
water from wells being drilled for oil and gas; fifty were samples of coal for proximate
analysis and calorific value; four were soils tested for oil seepage; seven were crude-oil
samples for examination; one was a sample of gas for analysis and calorific value; two
were samples of oil skimmed off a mud pit and examined for the presence of petroleum;
two were samples of water tested for oil seepage; one was a sample of water and sand
examined for indication of gas and oil; one was a sample of water containing a sediment
examined for evidence of petroleum; two were samples of sand and gravel tested for
oil seepage.
PoLicE AND CoRONERs' ExHIBITS
Sixty-four cases of a chemical-legal nature, making 153 exhibits, were completed for
the Attorney-General's Department. Nineteen cases were analyses of alcohol only in
blood; five cases were for alcohol in blood and other organs; four cases involved carbon
monoxide poisons (two of these had in addition methyl alcohol in the blood) ; and in
nine cases viscera were analysed for all possible poisons. Twelve cases were analyses of
liquor and six were analyses of gasoline for colouring matter added in accordance with
the regulations of the" Coloured Gasoline Tax Act." Narcotics were sought in six cases
received from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. The remaining three cases were of
arson, robbery with violence, and suspected wilful damage to a car. On three occasions
evidence was presented in Court.
MISCELLANEOUS SAMPLES
For the Purchasing Commission, specification tests were made on eleven samples of
anti-freeze and on one jelly powder. One tank was examined to determine the nature of
the external and internal coating, and one pad of Terylene fibres was examined.
For the Taxation Branch of the Department of Finance, eight samples of gasoline
were analysed for marker dyestuff.
For the Department of Health and Welfare, one sample of calcium carbonate was
examined by spectrographic and X-ray methods.
For the British Columbia Power Commission, one sample of calcium carbonate was
examined by chemical, spectrographic, and X-ray methods.
For the Testing Branch of the Department of Highways, one sample of anhydrous
calcium chloride pellets was examined by chemical, spectrographic, and X-ray methods.
For the Protection Division of the Forest Service, six wooden rods, using four as
controls, were examined, to determine whether they had been manufactured from logs
which had been immersed in salt water.
For the Department of Public Works, the disk from a time clock was examined to
determine the intervals at which the clock had been punched.
For the Department of Mining and Metallurgy at the University of British Columbia,
two samples were analysed for titanium.
EXAMINATIONS FOR ASSA YERS
Provincial Government examinations for certificates of competency and licence to
practise assaying in British Columbia were held at Trail in June and December. In June
ten candidates were examined; seven passed, two obtained supplementals, and one failed.
In December three candidates were examined at Trail; two passed and one failed.
The " Bird Cages " in old Victoria. The central building was the Colonial Office
and to the left of it the Legislative Assembly. (Provincial Archives.)
The original Legislative Assembly building, with one added wing, on the lawn of the Par~
liament Buildings. This housed offices and laboratories of the Department of Mines from 1896
until it was destroyed by fire in March, 1957.
A 56
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
INSPECTION BRANCH
ORGANIZATION AND STAFF
Inspectors and Resident Engineers
H. C. Hughes, Chief InspectOL-------------__________ Victoria
Robert B. Bonar, Senior Inspector of Mines .. _
_________ Victoria
L. Wardman, Electrical Inspector of Mines_
__________ Victoria
_________ Victoria
E. R. Hughes, Senior Inspector of Mines________
J. W. Patterson, Inspector and Resident Engineer.. ______________ Lillooet
Robert B. King, Inspector and Resident Engineer.. _________ Vancouver
.Vancouver
A. R. C. James, Inspector and Resident Engineer
J. E. Merrett, Inspector and Resident Engineer.._______________ Cranbrook
J. W. Peck, Inspector and Resident Engineer__ ________________________ Nelson
D. R. Morgan, Inspector and Resident Engineer _____________________ Fernie
David Smith, Inspector and Resident Engineer____________ Prince Rupert
The Inspectors are stationed at the places listed and inspect coal mines, metalliferous mines, and quarries in their respective districts. They also examine prospects, mining properties, and roads and trails.
E. R. Hughes supervised the Department's roads and trails programme and prospectors' grub-stakes.
Instructors, Mine-rescue Stations
Arthur Williams
T. H. Cunliffe __
T. H. Robertson _____ .
Joseph J. Haile
W. H. Childress ..
___________ . _Cumberland
______ Princeton
... Princeton
___________ Fernie
. _Nelson
Station
Station
Station
Station
Station
Staff Changes
W. H. Childress was appointed instructor at the Nelson station on March 6th, 1957.
He replaced H. W. Aitchison, who resigned on November 21st, 1956.
A. R. C. James was transferred from Prince Rupert to Vancouver on April 1st,
1957.
David Smith was appointed Inspector and Resident Engineer at Prince Rupert and
commenced his duties on February 15th, 1957.
J. W. Patterson resigned on July 31st, 1957, to take a position with the Canadian
Government at Ottawa.
T. H. Cunliffe retired because of ill health on September 23rd, 1957, and was replaced by T. H. Robertson, who was appointed instructor for the Princeton station on
July 1st, 1957.
Board of Examiners for Coal-mine Officials
H. C. Hughes, Chairman
_____________ __________ .
..Victoria
_____Victoria
Robert B. Bonar, Secretary ________ _____________
A. R. C. James, Member.._______
____________
_____ Vancouver
R. B. Bonar, A. R. C. James, and the Inspectors for the district in which an
examination is being held form the Board for granting certificates of competency to
coal-miners. In the absence of the Inspector, the mine-rescue instructor is authorized
to act in his stead.
An Inspector is empowered to grant provisional certificates to coal-miners for a
period not exceeding sixty days between regular examinations.
DEPARTMENTAL WORK
A 57
MINERALOGICAL BRANCH
Field work by officers of the Mineralogical Branch includes geological mapping and
examination of mineral deposits, and studies related to ground-water and engineering
geology. The results are published partly in the Annual Report of the Minister of Mines
and partly in a series of bulletins. The Mineralogical Branch supplies information regarding mineral deposits and the mineral industry, in response to inquiries received in great
number. The activities of the Branch also include identification of rock and mineral
specimens submitted directly by prospectors and others, or through the Analytical Branch.
PROFESSIONAL STAFF
On December 31st, 1957, the professional staff included the following engineers
classified as geologists or mineral engineers: H. Sargent, Chief of the Mineralogical
Branch; M.S. Hedley, S. S. Holland, J. W. McCammon, N.D. McKechnie, G. E. P. Eastwood, J. T. Fyles, A. Sutherland Brown, J. M. Carr, H. W. Nasmith, A. F. Shepherd,
and J. E. Hughes. Dr. C. G. Hewlett died accidentally in the course of field work,
August 14th. • J. E. Hughes was granted leave in October to continue postgraduate
studies at McGill University.
Technical editing of the Annual Report of the Minister of Mines and of other publications was directed by M. S. Hedley. Copy for printing was prepared under the direction of Mrs. C. C. Savage, who serves as editor for English. Messrs. Hedley and Holland
assisted in directing and supervising field work. Most of the other members of the professional staff are assigned to mapping the geology of the selected areas and of mineral
deposits. The following have special assignments: J. W. McCammon, industrial minerals
and structural materials; H. W. Nasmith, ground-water and engineering geology; A. F.
Shepherd, records and library.
FIELD WoRK
Systematic field work for the Mineralogical Branch in 1957 was done by eleven
members of the permanent staff, a geologist engaged for the field season, and nine temporary field assistants.
A. Sutherland Brown extended geological reconnaissance in the Cariboo Mountains
from Bowron Lake to the Rocky Mountain Trench via Goat River. Subsequently he
examined mineral properties at McLeese Lake, Takomkane Mountain, and in the southem interior. At the beginning of the field season he examined areas where airborne
surveys had indicated magnetic anomalies on Quadra Island.
J. M. Carr continued geological mapping of the Highland Valley area.
G. E. P. Eastwood and J. T. Fyles completed the most essential geological mapping
for a section from the head of Gainer Creek to the head of Trout Lake. Fyles also
spent two weeks in the Ainsworth area, preliminary to a proposed future campaign of
detailed geological mapping on the west side of Kootenay Lake.
C. G. Hewlett began detailed mapping of the area containing the Mineral King mine.
This work was terminated by his death on August 14th.
S. S. Holland made geological studies of sites proposed for power development on
the Fraser River from the Pavilion site to Big Bar. He spent the major part of the field
season examining beach and inshore sands at Wreck Bay and Cape Caution and in the
northeastern part of Graham Island. H. W. Nasmith contributed to the investigation by
studying physiography and glacial history of northeastern Graham Island. These investigations were undertaken to assist in evaluating such deposits as sources of iron and titanium. A report on this investigation, entitled "Investigation of Beach Sands," has been
published (March, 1958). Holland and Nasmith spent about a month on geological
• See page A 4.
A
58
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
reconnaissance bearing on proposals for power development in the area including Taseko
Lake, Chilko Lake, and Bishop River.
J. E. Hughes continued mapping the stratigraphy and structure of post-Pakeozoic
rocks in the area traversed by the John Hart Highway between the West Pine bridge and
Commotion Creek.
J. W. McCammon made ground investigations where magnetic anomalies had been
indicated by airborne magnetometer surveys in Texada Island. McCammon spent the
major part of the field season investigating occurrences of clay, shale, and limestone in
the Prince George, John Hart Highway, and Peace River areas, and making a reconnf\issance from Falkland to Louis Creek bearing on the possible occurrence of gypsum
deposits. He also spent a short period reviewing structural materials being used by the
building trade in the lower mainland.
N.D. McKechnie examined mineral properties on Vancouver Island and examined
areas on Salmon River and Campbell Lake, where airborne surveys had indicated magnetic
anomalies. He also supervised removal of bulk samples of coal from two seams on the
Pine River. Coal of fair to good coking quality had been indicated by some tests on
samples from diamond-drill holes. Although surface coal was stripped off before the
samples were taken, it was found that partial oxidation had destroyed the coking properties of the coal, which, however, is of high heat value.
H. W. Nasmith made a soil study on the Kettle River to assist the soil snrvey being
made by the Department of Agriculture, made a study of ground-water in part of the
Highland Valley area, and a study of an ice-impounded Jake and other geological features
bearing on road location in Bear Pass. He collaborated with S. S. Holland in studies
already mentioned.
H. P. Trettin was employed for the field season to make a geological study of the
area along the Fraser River from Lillooet to Big Bar. This work was under the general
direction of Professor K. C. McTaggart, retained as consultant, and is to be continued
in 1958.
Airborne Magnetometer Surveys and Related Ground Investigations.-In 1956 airborne magnetometer surveys were made for the Government of British Columbia on
Texada Island, Quadra Island, and in the Campbell River-Salmon River area on Vancouver Island. In 1957 helicopter-borne magnetometer surveys were made in selected areas
in the Quatsino Sound-Nimpkish Lake-Head Bay area on the west coast" of Vancouver
Island. The results of the airborne magnetometer surveys have been released to the public
as prints of twelve maps. In the early part of the 1957 field season A. Sutherland Brown,
J. W. McCammon, and N.D. McKechnie made ground studies in sections where anomalies had been indicated by the 1956 airborne magnetometer work. A report on these
investigations has been published, entitled "Airborne Magnetometer Surveys, 19561957."
PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS BRANCH
STAFF
J. D. Lineham, Chief Petroleum Engineer and Chief of Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch__
___ Victoria
R. R. McLeod, Senior Petroleum Engineer and Chairman of
the Board of Arbitration.___________________________
______ Victoria
A. N. Lucie-Smith, Petroleum Engineer and Chairman of the
_______ Victoria
Conservation Committee __
S. S. Cosburn, Mineral Engineer (Geology)
_______ Victoria
T. A. Mackenzie, Engineering Assistant _
__ _____ Victoria
W. L. Ingram, Conservation Engineer _______________________ Dawson Creek
__ Dawson Creek
G. E. Blue, Conservation Engineer
_____ Dawson Creek
H. B. Fulton, Assistant Geologist
P. K. Huus, Engineering Assistant .
______ Dawson Creek
DEPARTMENTAL WORK
A 59
The Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch is responsible for the administration of the
regulation, under the "Petroleum and Natural Gas Act," governing the drilling of wells,
and the production and conservation of oil and natural gas. It was established in April,
1956, although it had functioned, nominally under the Inspection Branch, since April
1st, 1953.
During 1957 an office was maintained at 1805 One Hundred and Eighth Avenue,
Dawson Creek, in one of three Pan Abode three-bedroom housing units constructed in
1956. The office unit was also used as bachelor quarters, the other two units being occupied as married quarters. A room in the new government building in Fort St. John was
used as an auxiliary office and for the storage of engineering equipment.
The following members were appointed by Order in Council to the Board of Arbitration established under the authority of the "Petroleum and Natural Gas Act": R. R.
McLeod, Department of Mines, Victoria, Chairman; S. G. Preston, Department of Agriculture, Prince George; and A. W. Hobbs, Department of the Attorney-General, Victoria.
The Board of Arbitration grants right of entry by oil operators upon alienated land and
determines conditions of entry and just compensation therefor. It also terminates the
right uf entry when the operator has ceased to use the land.
A Conservation Committee was also established under the authority of the " Petroleum and Natural Gas Act," and the following members were appointed by Order in
Council: A. N. Lucie-Smith, Department of Mines, Chairman; N. D. McKechnie,
Departtnent of Mines; and M. H. A. Glover, Bureau of Economics and Statistics, all of
Victoria. The duties of the Committee are:( I) To act as an advisory committee to the Minister on such questions of conservation that the Minister, in writing, shall refer to the Committee for
their consideration and recommendation.
(2) To deal with such questions of conservation and production in the various
fields of British Columbia as may arise between two or more operators in
the same field or between operators and the Branch when appeals on such
questions are made to the Minister and referred by him to the Committee.
STAFF CHANGES
A. N. Lucie-Smith joined the Victoria staff as petroleum engineer on April 1st, 1957.
On October 1Oth he was appointed Chairman of the Conservation Committee.
G. E. Blue joined the Dawson Creek staff on May 6th, 1957. H. B. Fulton joined
the Dawson Creek staff on November 12th, 1957.
GRUB-STAKING PROSPECTORS
Under authority of the "Prospectors' Grub-stake Act," as amended in March, 1944,
the Department of Mines has provided grub-stakes each year since 1943 to a limited
number of applicants able to qualify. The maximum grub-stake is $300, but an additional amount up to $200 may be added for travelling expenses to and from the prospecting area.
To qualify at the present time the Department requires that the applicant shall be
a physically fit male British subject, holder of a valid free miner's certificate, who has
been resident in the Province during the year preceding his application for a grub-stake,
or who has been honourably discharged from Her Majesty's services, who is between the
ages of 18 and 70, and who can identify common rocks and minerals.
It is required that in order to obtain the maximum grub-stake, he agree to spend at
least sixty days actually prospecting for lode occurrences in one area of his choice in
British Columbia considered. favourable by officers of the Department of Mines. If he
prospects a lesser time, the grant will be reduced proportionately. In the past, rebates
have been recovered from grantees to whom payments have exceeded the proper amount
for the time and effort devoted to prospecting.
A 60
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, l95i
The grantee must not accept pay from any other souree for serviees rendered during
the period credited to the grub-stake. At the end of the season be shall provide the
Department with a diary and maps outlining his activities while working under the grubstake, Any discoveries made, staked, and recorded are exclusively his ov.'ll property.
Statistical information covering the grub-stake programme since its inception is given
in the following table:GRUB-STAKE STATISTICS
ApproxlmaU
Expenditure
Field Season
1943 _________ ·-----·-·· _
________________________ "'"'·------
$18,5"00
1944------·---"·---~-------------~-----------"--·---~"-------------··---
1945.... ----- ---·-·-----··-- '"-·-···· ····-···-----···-·---·--·------------·
1946 ······----------·-·-··----·----------·- --·------·-----------·-------------
27 ,2H
21 ,31'0
35,200
194!L.__________ ~--- ---·-"'--..... -----·--------- --------~---1949.. ·----·------·------------··-------·----- .... ---- ------------------------
35,97:$
1947.. ______________ "" ____ .. _______ .. ____________
-------~------------------
1950 "'""'~-------~-·--~------~---- ·--------- -------·----19S1 .. ----~--------------------·-----·--------------.------1952-.... ----- ---------------·----------------_________... _.___
1953 .......... ~--- ·-------·--·-··--··-------·---------------------------·-----1954________ ---·---- --------·-------~-------~----- ---------------------
1955.._____________________________________________ ··-------··-----------·-~--1956~--------·- -......------------------------------1951.."--- -··--- -- --· -----...
---------····-- -
36,23-Q.
31,175
26.800
19,3SS
19,083
Men
Grub-staked
I
I
'
R~vedat
DePMtrnent
l.aboratory
Mineral
Claim!!
Recorded
90
. 773
87
lOS
84
95
91
606
446
419
499
135
181
162
92
98
443
138
567
226
255
103
131
336
141
123
78
£3
17,8:50
50
41
19,989
48
21,169
20,270
22,000
Samples and
Specimens
47
47
46
251
201
288
163
174
141
95
95
183
217
101
Samples and specimens received from grub-staked prospectors are spectrographed,
assayed, and tested for radioactivity. Mineralogical identifications are made on request.
Of the forty-six grantees in 1957, nineteen were given grants for the first time, and
only four of these proved unsatisfactory. Three grantees who had received previous
grub-stakes were also struck from the Jist for unsatisfactory work. Five grantees, who
for various reasons were unable to fulfil the terms and conditions o£ the grant, received
only partial payment or returned the grub-stake. Six grantees reached the maximum age
limit and cannot qualify for further grub-staking. The 1957 season was one of average
performance, and prospecting was done chiefly in the Cassiar, Manson Creek, and Vancouver Island nreas, as well as across the southern part of the Province, D. H. Rae again
gave able service in interviewing applicants and supervising grantees in the field.
MUSEUMS
The Department has a large exhibit of mineral rock specimens in the Douglas Building, Victoria; collections are also displayed in the joint nflice in Vancouver and in the
offices of the Inspectors of Mines in Nelson and Prince Rupert,
Specimens from the collection in Victoria, accumulated in a period of more than sixty
years, are displayed in cases on the fourth floor of the Douglas Building. The collection
includes specimens from many of the mines and prospects in the Province, and also
specimens of type rocks and special minerals from British Columbia and elsewhere.
British Columbia material includes specimens collected by officern of the Department
of Mines and specimens donated by property-Owners. The collection also includes type
specimens purchased from distributers. Other valued specimens or groups of specimens
have been donated or loaned to the museum.
ROCK AND MINERAL SPECIMENS
Information regarding collections of specimens of rocks and minerals avallable to
prospectors and schools in British Columbia may be obtained from the Chief of the
Mineralogical Branch.
DEPARTMENTAL WORK
A 61
PUBLICATIONS
Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines, bulletins, and other publications of the
Department, with prices charged for them, are listed in the Department of Mines List of
Publications available from the Chief of the Mineralogical Branch.
Publications may be obtained from the offices of the Department in Victoria and
elsewhere in the Province. They are also available for reference use in the Department's
library (Mineralogical Branch) at Victoria, in the joint office in Vancouver, and in the
offices of the Inspectors of Mines in Nelson and Prince Rupert, as well as in public
libraries.
MAPS SHOWING MINERAL CLAIMS, PLACER CLAIMS, AND
PLACER-MINING LEASES
From the details supplied by the locators, the approximate positions of mineral claims
held by record and of placer-mining leases are shown on maps that may be inspected in
the central records offices of the Department of Mines in Victoria and in Vancouver.
Copies of these maps may be obtained on request. The boundaries of surveyed claims
and leases are shown on the reference maps and other maps of the British Columbia
Department of Lands and Forests.
JOINT OFFICES OF THE BRITISH COLUMBIA DEPARTMENT OF MINES
AND THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES AND TECHNICAL SURVEYS,
CANADA.
The Provincial Department's Inspector and Resident Engineer, the Gold Commissioner and Mining Recorder for the Vancouver Mining Division, and the officers of the
Federal Geological Survey occupy one suite of offices. All official information relating
to mining is now available to the public in the one suite of offices in Vancouver.
The services offered to the public include technical information on mining, the identification of mineral specimens, distribution of Federal and Provincial mining publications,
a reference library, a display of rocks and minerals, and a central records office.
Topographic Mapping and Air Photography
Topographic mapping and air photography were continued by the Surveys and
Mapping Branch of the British Columbia Department of Lands and Forests and by the
Canadian Government Departments of Mines and Technical Surveys and of National
Defence during 1957.
In addition, the Legal Surveys Division of the British Columbia Surveys and Mapping Branch was responsible for cadastral surveys of all Crown lands in the Province,
and during the field season carried out surveys of 14,750 acres in the Peace River District for settlement purposes, surveyed the rights-of-way of new highways in the vicinities
of Princeton and Vanderhoof, also various lots and subdivisions for alienation and
reserve totalling fifty-three parcels. In the course of such work, 216 old lot corners were
replaced by permanent monuments.
The Air Division of the British Columbia Surveys and Mapping Branch continued its
programme of compiling interim maps at a scale of 2 inches to I mile showing planimetry,
watershed boundaries, and cadastral surveys, and completed a total area of 37,400 square
miles. The total area mapped is now 194,000 square miles.
The Air Division also flew 18,020 square miles of new photography at various scales,
adding 13,510 photographs to the Air Photo Library. The total number of air photographs (Federal and Provincial) now on hand in the Air Photo Library at Victoria is
427,553.
The Topographic Division of the British Columbia Surveys and Mapping Branch
completed control for twenty-four half-sheets of the National Topographic 1:50,000
series in the Sukunka and Parsnip River areas, also additional control in the ParsnipPeace River Valleys to provide for 1-inch-to-1,000-feet pondage maps.
Other parties obtained control for I: 25,000 scale mapping in the Lower Fraser
Valley, special mapping in the Prince George and Lac Ia Hache areas, and completed a
triangulation tie between the Gataga River in the Rocky Mountain Trench and Muncho
Lake on the Alaska Highway.
The Geographic Division of the British Columbia surveys and Mapping Branch
produced fourteen lithographed maps, of which nine were completely new editions, including three of the National Topographic 1-inch-to-2-miles series and one of the 1-inchto-10-miles series.
The Canadian Government Departments of Mines and Technical Surveys and of
National Defence, working in close co-operation with Provincial agencies during 1957,
completed the field work for thirty-six half-sheets of the National Topographic 1:50,000
series in the Province. ·
The 1957 Annual Report of the Deputy Minister of Lands contains key maps
indicating coverage by air photographs and by topographic and interim maps. Further
information concerning these or the corresponding Federal mapping may he obtained
from the Director, Surveys and Mapping Branch, Department of Lands and Forests,
Victoria.
A 62
Department of Mines and Technical Surveys
The Canadian Government Department of Mines and Technical Surveys, created by
an Act of Parliament introduced in November, 1949, took over most of the branches and
functions related to mining of the former Department of Mines and Resources. The
Mines Branch, Geological Survey of Canada, and Surveys and Mapping Branch are the
three branches of the Department of the most direct interest to the mining industry. Brief
reference to the work of the Surveys and Mapping Branch in British Columbia is made
in the preceding note headed" Topographic Mapping and Air Photography." A note on
the Geological Survey of Canada follows this paragraph and is followed by a note on the
Mines Branch.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF CANADA
By an arrangement made at the time the Province of British Columbia entered Confederation, geological investigations and mapping in the Province are carried on by the
Geological Survey of Canada. Several geological parties arc in the field each year. Many
excellent reports and maps covering areas of British Columbia have been issued by the
Geological Survey of Canada, and they have made available a great amount of information that has been of much benefit to the mining and prospecting activities in British
Columbia.
A branch office of the Geological Survey of Canada is maintained in Vancouver.
Maps and reports on British Columbia can be obtained there. J. E. Armstrong is in
charge of this office.
FIELD WORK BY GEOLOGICA!. SURVEY OF CANADA IN BRITISH COLUMBIA,
]957
H. H. Bostock made a special study of a group of granitic dykes about 4 miles
southwest of Penticton.
H. Frebold continued a detailed study of the Jurassic fauna and stratigraphy of
southern British Columbia, examining strata in the Nelson West Half ( 82 F, W. Y2) maparea.
W. L. Fry continued a detailed study of the Tertiary palreobotany and stratigraphy
of southwestern and south central British Columbia. Particular attention was paid to the
Princeton and Coalmont areas.
J. G. Pyles continued, and nearly completed, the field study and mapping of the
unconsolidated deposits of the cast coast of Vancouver Island between Cumberland and
Campbell River.
H. Gabrielse nearly completed geological field work in Cry Lake (104 I) map-area,
which had been partly mapped by Operation Stikine in 1956.
E. C. Halstead completed a ground-water survey of the Lower Fraser Valley (from
Hope to the Strait of Georgia).
E. J. W. Irish completed field work within Charlie Lake (94 A) map-area, which
includes the Fort St. John gasfield.
G. B. Leech continued the geological mapping of the Fernie 4-mile map-area ( 82
G, W. \6).
J. E. Reesor completed the geological mapping of the Lardeau 4-mile map-area (82
K, E. \6), and began what will be an exhaustive, continuing study of Canadian granitic
rocks.
J. G. Souther refined and largely completed the reconnaissance mapping done in
\956 by Operation Stikine in Telegraph Creek (104 G) and Iskut River (104 B) mapareas.
A 63
A 64
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
H. W. Tipper completed the geological mapping of the Anahim Lake 4-mile maparea (93 C), and started the mapping of the Quesnel4-mile map-area (93 B).
R. A. Price completed the geological mapping of the Flathead North map-area ( 82
G/7, E. \6 ). This work extended into Alberta.
PUBLICATIONS OF THE GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
A total of fifteen publications of the Geological Survey of Canada relating to British
Columbia was received by the British Columbia Department of Mines in 1957. A list
of the fifteen publications will be supplied on request.
MINES BRANCH
The Mines Branch has branches dealing with mineral resources, mineral dressing
and process metallurgy, physical metallurgy, radioactivity, and fuels and explosives.
A total of eleven publications of the Mines Branch pertaining to British Columbia were
received in 1957 by the British Columbia Department of Mines. A list of these publications will be supplied on request. They included tabular pamphlets dealing with coal
mines, gold mines, stone quarries, petroleum refineries, and milling plants in Canada.
Lode Metals
CONTENTS
GENERAL REVIEW~~~~~~~~--~~~--~
------~-----------
3
No rEs oN METAL MtNEL.~ ~--~~~~------~~----~~--~~ -~------------------Taku River~----------- -------------··-----~-~~--- _
------~~-------~~-~~--~--------Stikine.
-~-~~~-~-~~----~~~-~~-------~--~-- ~-~-~~-----~--~~~----~~
Unuk River ____ ...... ------------------------------- ____________ ----------~-- ----------------- -~
Portland Canal -~------------------- ___ -----------~---------~~ -~~~-------~- ___ -~~~~-~-------Allee Arm -~~ ------~~-~~-~------~-----------------------~--------~------~ ........ ----------------Observatory Inlet.~~--~~--~-----------------------~----~---~---~------~- . - ----- ----------~----------Ecstall RiveL...
. --------------------------------~---- ~~~-----~~-~--~~-~-~~----------------
------ ~~ ~--- ~~- --~~~~--~ ~~~~~~- ~~~~~~
~~
5
5
5
6
7
7
8
9
Hazelton
~~~-----~~~~~~~~---~-~~~~----~-----------~---------------.. ---- ----------------- 9
Smithers .
-~~-~--------~~------ --------~~----10
Telkwa
____ -----~~~---------- ----------------- --~--~--~-------- 12
Houston
..... -------------- ~~ -------------------------~~~~~~~ 12
Omineca
----~--------~---~~~---~--- -- 13
Ingenika
---~-------~
13
Caribou.~ ~~-~-------~----~---~--~~ --~-----~--. ~~~~-~~~----~------------ 14
Likely
~---~----~---~-~~----~~ ---~
----------- ~--~-------- 14
Williams Lake .... ____________ -----------------------14
Lac Ia Hache . ---~-----------------------------------------18
Lillooet ............. ____________________________________________ ----------~--~----~-------~~ . ~--~~- 22
Highland Valley_ .
.. ________________ _
24
Guichon Creek.~>---------.. ---~-----~ ~ ---~~~~~- ~~~~--~~~~~~~~~~-~-~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~-------~~
28
Nicola ~ ~ -~~~-~-- ...... ~~--~~~~~~~~- ~
~~~~~~-~---~-~~-----~
~~~- ~~--~-~-------~~--~--~ 29
Kamloops ~~----------~ . _-~~-~---~ ~~~-~-~---~~----~~~~--~~~~~~-~~ 29
Birch Island.~~
---~~~ -------~~~
~~---. . --~~~------~-- 31
Tulameen River___
-~ ---~~~-~-- .
--~~--~--~ ··········----------- 32
Copper Mountain.~
33
Hedley~~~~
---------------- ····-----~------- 3 3
Olalla
34
Fairview Camp_
____________ ----------·--~~~~--~------ --------34
Peachland
-~--------------- _______ _____________
34
Rock Creek
--~------ -------~~
35
Westbridge
------------~
37
Beaverdel!
~~~~~~-~---- --------------~
37
Greenwood
--------~~~~----- -~~~~--- ___________ --------------------~--- ______________ ..... ---~~~~~~~ 38
Phoenix
~---------- ----~------------~~~-38
Rossland -~~ -~~~~~-~~---~- ~ ~-~------~~--~ ---------~-----~40
Trail.~~~
~-~~~~~~~~~~ ~~----~~ --~~--- -~---------41
---~---- _
41
Nelson
Y mir ..
. .. ____ ---~--- -----~~~~--------~~--- .. -~~------43
Salmo
~- ----~--~~~----------------~~--------~~~~~~~----------~~- 43
Nelway
46
Somh Kootenay Lake_
47
North Kootenay Lake.~
~~-~~~-~~-~~~~~~- 48
Keen Creek_
__________
~~~~~~~~-~-~-~~~~-51
2
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
PAGE
Paddy Peak_
Retallack-Three Forks _
Sandon ________________ _
Slocan Lake
____________ _
Springer Creek ____ _______________
_____________ _
North Lardeau ___________________ _
Sonth Lardeau _________________________ _
Creston
Goat River
Kimberley _____________________ _
Fort Steele
Elk River__
Skookumchuck
Windermere
_________________ _
Spillimacheen _ ____________________ _
Vowell Creek ______________ _
Field
__________________________________________ _
Skagit River _
Hope
Howe Sound
Texada Island
Vancouver Island ___________________________ _
-- ---------- 51
------------- 52
-------------- 52
---------------- --- ---------- ------------------------------------------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------
------------
-- ------------- ----------- ------------ - ------------ --------------------- ----------------------
54
57
58
60
60
61
62
63
63
64
64
65
65
65
66
66
67
67
68
GENERAL REVIEW
The average prices of all principal metals were down in 1957 compared with 1956.
The gains of the past two years were wiped out in a time of still rising mining costs.
The average Canadian price of gold fell to $33.55, the lowest figure in twenty-five years,
as the Canadian dollar attained a record premium over the United States dollar. The
price of silver was relatively steady, but the Canadian price was reduced for the same
reason as gold. The United States price of copper dropped below 30 cents in February,
below 24 cents early in September, and at the year's end was 22.270 cents per pound.
The average price in Canadian funds, 26.031 cents per pound, was almost 35 per cent
less than the corresponding price in 1956. The New York price of lead dropped from
16 cents per pound early in May to 13 cents at the year's end. The St. Louis price of
zinc dropped from 13.5 cents per pound at the first of May to 10 cents by early July,
which figure held for the rest of 1957. The price of tungsten (scheelite) ore dropped
from a quotation of $27.25 to $27.75 per unit to one of $12 to $13 at the end of the year.
Gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc produced at British Columbia lode mines in
1957 had a gross value of $111,968,648. Miscellaneous metals, including iron ore,
tungsten, tin, and minor metals recovered at the Trail smelter, had a gross value of
$12,755,362. The total quantity of ore mined at all lode mines amounted to 7,282,436
tons and came from fifty-nine mines, of which forty produced 100 tons or more. The
average number employed in the lode-mining industry in 1957, including mines, concentrators, and smelters, was 9,006.
In 1957 thirty-one mills were operated, eighteen of them throughout the year and
three intermittently. There were five new mills-a small gold mill at Hedley, a lead-zinc
mill near Kaslo, copper mills at Greenwood and Cowichan Lake, and a magnetic concentrator at Benson Lake on Vancouver Island. Six mills were closed when work ceased
at the respective properties; namely, Polaris Taku (Tulsequah mine), Allenby (Copper
Mountain mine), Velvet, Silver Giant, Iron Hill, and Wood green. Three Slocan mills
accepted custom ore, one steadily and two intermittently.
The Trail smelter recorded custom receipts of 865 tons of crude ore, 13,865 tons of
lead concentrates, and 9,951 tons of zinc concentrates from properties in British Columbia. Totals of approximately 21,802 tons of lead concentrates and approximately 81,673
tons of zinc concentrates were shipped out of the country for smelting. Copper concentrates and ores, and dross from the Trail smelter were shipped to the Tacoma smelter.
Concentrated iron ore was shipped to Japan. Tungsten concentrates were sold to the
United States Government under contract.
The production of gold increased slightly compared with that of 1956. A small mill
was brought into production at Hedley by French Mines Limited. The Queen shaft of
Bralorne Mines Limited was extended 175 feet to a point 630 feet below sea-level.
Development on the 32nd level showed excellent ore in the 77 vein, the richest orebody
in the history of the mine. A considerable amount of work was done to improve the
ventilation and decrease temperature at depth.
Silver, lead, and zinc were mined at a somewhat reduced rate. The closing of the
open pit at the Sullivan mine reduced the tonnage milled from 11,000 tons per day to
8,800 tons per day after May. The Silver Giant mine closed in June following exhaustion of the orebodies. At several properties the effect of lowered prices was countered
with reduction of staff and other economy. Ore was developed on the 2900 adit level
of Highland-Bell mine, and about one-third of the year's output came from the lower
mine. In the Slocan, Violamac Mines Limited took over the mill and holdings of
Carnegie Mines of British Columbia, Ltd. Western Exploration started to drive an adit
400 feet below the Mammoth No. 9 level, with a view to eventual elimination of the
tram-line and upper camp. A small mill was erected at the Utica mine. There was
a normal level of activity in the general Ainsworth-Slocan area.
Copper production was seriously curtailed with the closing on April 29th of the
Copper Mountain mine. The 1,000-tons-per-day mill of Woodgreen Copper Mines
3
4
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
Limited, which had gone into production on January 20th, 1957, closed in August when
the company went into bankruptcy. The Velvet mine closed, and with it the new mill
that had been operating for about eight months. On the other hand, Cowichan Copper
Co. Ltd. commenced milling in December at a rate of 300 tons per day. At the Granduc
property a new level was driven, from the shaft, 625 feet below the main-haulage adit
level.
The closing of the Copper Mountain mine ends another chapter in the history of
the Granby company, which has prospered in British Columbia since 1899. The company mined nearly 14,000,000 tons of copper ore at Phoenix before the camp closed in
1919, and about 24,000,000 tons at Anyox from 1914 to 1935. Mining of the Copper
Mountain orebodies was halted in 1930, but production resumed in 1937, and a total
output of nearly 35,000,000 tons was achieved. In the past five years Granby has
directed development of the Granduc property, in which it has a large interest, repurchased its old property at Phoenix and built there a 500-ton mill, conducted exploration
on Babine Lake and at other places, and recently has undertaken the management of the
Western Nickel mine. At the end of 1957 Granby, for the second time in more than
fifty years, lacked a producing mine of its own.
Investigation of copper deposits continued in the southern part of the Province,
although at a rate somewhat reduced by the drop in price of copper. In the Highland
Valley area, drilling by American Smelting and Refining Company Ltd. on the Bethlehem
property located the East Jersey ore zone of good grade. This was completely covered
by overburden. In May, Bethlehem Copper Corporation Ltd. announced ore reserves
of about 100,000,000 tons in the Iona and Jersey zones. Most of the property in the
Highland Valley area came under the control of three major companies-American
Smelting and Refining Company Ltd., Kennecott Copper Corporation (through its subsidiary, Northwestern Exploration, Limited), and Phelps Dodge Corporation (through
its subsidiary, Anson Mines Limited). About 80 per cent of the total exploratory drilling,
nearly 30,000 feet, was done on the Bethlehem property. Rotary drilling was tried and
was found suitable for the testing of areas covered with overburden. The existence of
an important orebody has been demonstrated at the Craigmont property, .which is 20
miles south of the Bethlehem property. This situation is well south of Highland Valley
and is at the southeastern edge of the Guichon batholith.
Development was started of a deposit of tungsten ore near Sa1mo that had been
recently discovered by diamond drilling. However, the company's government contract
for sale of concentrates was soon due to expire, and rapid worsening of the tungsten
market resulted in closure soon after work had started.
In July, 1957, the final clean-up of iron ore was made at Iron Hill, ending the life
of the first mine to ship magnetite concentrates to Japan, in 1951. In September, 1957,
Empire Development Company Limited started producing magnetite concentrates at the
newest iron mine at Benson Lake and hauling the concentrates 25 miles to Port McNeill
for shipment to Japan. Texada Mines Limited recovered· important amounts of copper
and gold from a newly installed flotation circuit in the company's magnetic concentrator.
Airborne magnetometer surveys were conducted by the Provincial Government on
Vancouver Island in 1957, continuing the work begun in 1956. Certain magnetic
anomalies at Texada Island, Campbell Like, and Quadra Island, detected in 1956, were
investigated on the ground, geologically and with dip needle. The aeromagnetic maps
were made available to the public between February 8th, 1957, and January 9th, 1958.
A separate publication, "Airborne Magnetometer Surveys, 1956-57," summarizes the
extent of these investigations~ contains full reports of the ground examinations, and is
accompanied by pertinent maps (published May, 1958).
The results of investigations by the Department in 1957 of the magnetite content
of beach sands at Florencia (Wreck) Bay, Cape Caution, and Graham Island were published as" Investigation of Beach Sands" in March, 1958.
LODE METALS
5
NOTES ON METAL MINES
TAKU RIVER*
Gold-Silver-Copper-Lead-Zinc
(58" 133" N.W.) Company office, Trail; mine office, Tulsequah.
J. J. McKay, property superintendent; R. M. Mattson, mine superintendent; 0. I. Johnson, superintendent of maintenance; E. N.
Doyle, mill superintendent. In 1957 this company, a subsidiary of
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, operated the Tulsequah Chief mine. There was no production
from the Big Bull mine, which was closed in 1956. On September 1st, 1957, operations
were suspended at the Tulsequah Chief due to low metal prices. Two watchmen remain
at the property. All ore was treated at the Polaris Taku concentrator, which was operated
under lease. Production: Ore milled, 142,537 tons.
The following is a summary of the development work completed at the Tulsequah
Chief mine: Drifts and crosscuts, 590 feet; s:1bdrifting, 289 feet; raising, I ,637 feet;
underground diamond drilling, 9,898 feet. The property safety record for 1957 showed
improvement; at the time of closure four lost-time accidents had occurred.
The annual Tulsequah River flood commenced on August 8th but did not reach its
peak until August 15th. Both the Tulsequah Chief and the Big Bull crossings were
badly damaged. The bridges were not replaced.
(58" 133" N.W.) This property of sixteen Crown-granted claims
is owned by New Taku Mines Limited, Vancouver. It is on the
Janet-Vega
east bank of the Tulsequah River, I\/:! miles north of the Big Bull
mine. In 1957 The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited,
optioned the claims, and during July drilled three holes totalling 1,472 feet to explore
a sericitic shear zone in volcanics where it enters a concealed area. Four men were
employed under the direction of D. W. Heddle. Access to the area was provided by
Tulsequah Chief,
Big Bull
(Tulsequah Mines,
Limited)
tractor.
STIKINE*
NAHLIN (58' 131° N.W.)
Nickel
Company office, 601,220 Bay Street, Toronto. G. Webster, presiOpal (Canadian dent. This property is at Opal Lake, about 5 miles west of TediExplorers Limited) deech Lake in the Nahlin area. The following claims are held by
record: Tagoon Silver Nos. 1 to 6, Web Nos. I to 8, Opal and
Opal Nos. 2 to 12, Nor Nos. I to 8, Jim Nos. I to 8, and Windfall Nos. 1 to 6. The
showings lie in a belt of ultrabasic rocks and close to a regional fault zone. Small faults
and fractures transverse to the regional strike are opalized and locally contain concentrations of the nickel mineral, millerite. From late May to early October about I ,000 feet of
open-cutting and I ,290 feet of diamond drilling were done. A crew averaging eight men
was under the direction of Jack McBeth. The property was serviced entirely by air.
ScuD RIVER (57° 131° S.E.)
Copper
Copper Canyon
(The American
Metal Company
Limited)
• By David Smith.
Head office, 61 Broadway, New York 6, N.Y.; Canadian office,
25 Adelaide Street West, Toronto I. H. A. Vogelstein, president.
This property is at the headwaters of the east fork of Galore Creek,
a tributary of the Scud River. It is about 13 miles east of the
Stikine River and about 8 miles south of the Scud River. The
property of seventy-three recorded claims and fractions is on show-
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
6
ings found by an American Metal Company exploration party in 1956. Mineralization
is chalcopyrite, which occurs as disseminations within a syenite stock emplaced along
a major thrust fault at the contact between Permian sediments and Triassic volcanics.
Work commenced on June 1st and finished August 27th, 1957. A crew averaging fifteen
men, including a geologist and assistant, a surveyor and helper, and a helicopter crew
was under the direction of K. H. Cumming. A geological survey was made, and diamond
drilling and trenching were done. Seven drill-holes totalling 3,311 feet were drilled.
Trenching was done on the WM 8, CC 9, and the LC 7 claims. Transportation from the
base camp at the junction of the Stikine and Scud Rivers to the drill camp was by helicopter. On December 30th, 1957, the name of the controlling company became American Metal Climax, Inc.
UNUK RIVER*
Copper
(56" 1300 S.E.) Companyoffice,Room507, 1111 West Georgia
Granduc {Granduc Street, Vancouver 5; mine office, Stewart. L. T. Postle, president;
Mines, Limited) J. J. Crowhurst, manager; R. F. Lambert, general foreman. This
company holds a total of 240 mineral claims and fractions, as follows: By Crown grant, 16 claims; by retention lease, 48 claims; by record, 117 claims
in the Leduc Glacier area and 59 claims in the South Fork Unuk River area. The property is 25 miles northwest of Stewart at an elevation of 4,500 feet. Mineralization consists
mainly of chalcopyrite, pyrrhotite, and pyrite. Because of difficulties encountered in
sinking the shaft, there is nothing to add to the description of the orebodics given in the
1956 Annual Report.
The shaft-sinking contract was concluded and the company undertook to finish the
sinking to the 2625 level. A total of 313 feet of shaft sinking was completed during the
year, a total depth of 676 feet below the 3250 main haulage level. Shaft stations were cut
at the 3100 level and 2800 level in readiness for future operations. On the 2625 level the
station was completed, and a sublevel sump and dam were installed to aid in unwatering
the shaft. On the 2625 level, 1,570 feet of crosscutting was done. This work will permit
further exploration in the Glacier area. On the 3250 level at the north end an additional
244 feet of drifting was done. On the 3250 level 5,488 feet of diamond drilling was done
and on the 2625 level, 570 feet. In the shaft a 2-ton skip was installed in one compartment and a man cage in the other. On the 2625 level two 75-horsepower 200-gallonper-minute pumps were installed to operate singly or in parallel, and also a bank of three
50-kva. 2,300-440-volt transformers.
On the surface there was completed a diamond-drilling programme on the Leduc
Glacier of seven holes totalling 4,674 feet. New units installed in the power-house
include the following: A 350-kw. Caterpillar diesel-electric set and an electrically driven
550-cubic-feet-per-minute Joy Sullivan compressor.
The difficulties of moving freight to the property have not been brought any closer
to a final solution, and the aeroplane and the tractor train are the main standbys. A total
of !59 tons of freight was transported to the mine by air from Stewart, as well as innumerable passengers. The tractor train transported 2,011 tons of freight during the winter
months.
Work has been carried on continuously throughout the year with a crew averaging
sixty-five men. One fatal accident marred the safety record, which has improved under
the supervision of L. T. Kirby, newly appointed safety officer.
• By David Smith.
7
LODE METALS
PORTLAND CANAL*
SALMON RIVER (56° 130° S.E.)
Gold-Silver· Lead-Zinc
Company office, 572 Howe Street, Vancouver. A. E. Bryant,
president; J. Vallance, superintendent; Henry Hill and Associates,
consulting management engineers. Definite plans to rebuild the
mill destroyed by fire in 1956 and to resume operation in 1957
were shelved owing to the decline of metal prices. A three-month detailed underground
geological study was made by W. N. Plumb with four assistants. In June, salvage operations were undertaken to recover the scrap metal left in the wake of the fire, and to
recover the concentrates which were scattered by the collapse of the bins, etc.
Silbak Premier
Mines Limited
MAPLE BAY (55° 130° S.E.)
Copper
Head office, Room 906, 357 Bay Street, Toronto; British ColumMaple Bay Copper bia office, 315 Credit Fancier Building, 850 West Hastings Street,
Mines Limited
Vancouver. W. J. Lawson, president; F. J. Hemsworth, consulting engineer. The company holds twenty-two Crown-granted
claims, twenty-four recorded claims, and sixteen fractions near Maple Bay on the east
side of Portland Canal, 3 7 miles south of Stewart. Assessment work consisting of stripping and trenching on several quartz veins was carried out in August and September by
four men. All claims are maintained in good standing. During the month of October
all machinery and equipment was moved from the beach camp and placed in storage in
Prince Rupert.
ALICE ARM*
Silver
(55° 129° N.W.) Registered office, 309 Royal Bank Building,
Vancouver; executive office, 44 King Street West, Toronto; mine
office, Alice Arm. R. W. Burton, manager; A. M. Connie, mine
superintendent; G. K. Sutherland, mill superintendent. Capital:
3,000,000 shares, $1 par value. The Torbrit mine camp and mill
are on the west bank of the Kitsau1t River, 17 miles by road from Alice Arm. Power
is obtained from a company-operated hydro-electric plant 5 miles above the mine near
the mouth of Clearwater Creek.
Production: Ore milled, 154,419 tons. Flotation concentrates amounting to 2,005
tons and containing 1,308,945 ounces of silver and 1,466,066 pounds of lead were
shipped to the smelter. In addition, the total bullion produced was 365,221 ounces of
silver. The source of the ore milled in 1957 was as follows: 20 per cent from the winze
below the 813 level; 28 per cent from the 813 level; 13 per cent from the 916level; and
39 per cent from the 1018 level.
A summary of mining operations follows:Ore brokenToric (Torbrit
Silver Mines
Limited)
Tons
Stoping
Stope raises and stope drifts
Development
___________ _
Total
"' By David Smith.
94,233
7,889
775
102,897
8
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
Waste brokenTons
Level development
----------------------------------Stope raises and stope drifts _________
_____________ _
Raises ___________________________________ - --- ------------
Total
1,719
5,110
2,225
9,054
Development in linear feetFt.
Drifts and crosscuts
Raises
Stope drifts
Stope raises
Total
Underground diamond drilling
Longhole drilling with tungsten carbide bits __ _
285
861
284
3,549
4,979
14,979
68,943
No safety officer is employed, but a mine safety committee carries out regular
monthly inspections of the mine and mill and holds monthly meetings. Sixteen compensable accidents occurred as follows: Mining, 10 accidents; surface, 3 accidents;
kitchen, 3 accidents.
On the surface no new construction was undertaken. Roads in this area present a
problem and require constant maintenance. Collapse of one of the more important
bridges rendered the access trail to the hydro plant hazardous in the transportation of
supplies.
On the Moose and Lamb claims 4,360 feet of surface diamond drilling was done,
but results were unfavourable and the project was abandoned in September. On the
North Star claim 4,678 feet of diamond drilling indicated a strong vein north of the zone
of dykes traversing that claim. Almost all the vein intersections were reported to be
below ore grade, but sufficient encouragement was obtained to warrant a further search
for oreshoots.
OBSERVATORY INLET*
Copper
Anyox (The Consolidated Mining. and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited).
-(55° 129° S.W.) This property of sixty-five Crown-granted claims is owned by the
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company and includes the old Hidden Creek mine.
During the summer of 1957 two diamond-drill holes totalling 2,911 feet were drilled on
the Spruce claim about 1 mile south of the mine area. The men were housed at the
Anyox camp. Coastal boats and aircraft were used for transportation. J. D. Kelland
was engineer in charge.
(55° 129° S.W.) This property of fifteen recorded claims i,. on
Bonanza Creek 3 miles west of Anyox. It is on a showing of
disseminated copper minerals in volcanic rock that was diamond
drilled in 1953 and 1954. From April 11th to September 30th
the Granby Construction Company, employing an average of
twelve men, built 2 miles of road under contract, completing a road
from Granby Bay to the property. The men were housed at the
Coastal boats and aircraft were used for transportation. John Rokosh
Double Ed (The
Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company of
Canada, Limited)
Anyox camp.
was engineer in charge.
• By David Smith.
LODE METALS
9
ECSTALL RIVER*
Pyrite
(53° 129° N.W.)
Company office, 355 Burrard Street, Van-
couver. R. D. Mollison, New York, president; W. R. Bacon,
Ecstall (Ecstall
Mining Company director and manager of British Columbia operations. This property consists of twenty-one Crown-granted claims which extend
Ltd.)
across the Ecstall River at a point 30 miles above its confluence
with the Skeena River. It is 45 miles southeast of Prince Rupert. Work on the property
commenced in May and was discontinued in mid-September. A geophysical survey was
performed on the southernmost claims, and a crew of five was engaged in geological
reconnaissance up river from the property.
[Reference: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept., 1952, pp. 81-84.]
HAZELTON*
Silver-Lead-Zinc-Cadmium
(55° ]27° S.W.)
Silver Standard
(Silver Standard
Mines Limited)
Head office, 609, 602 West Hastings Street,
Vancouver; mine office, Hazelton. R. R. Wilson, president;
H. B. Gilleland, manager; A. C. Ritchie, general superintendent;
G. E. Apps, mine superintendent. The property is on Glen Mountain, 5V2 miles north of Hazelton. It consists of the following
claims: Thirty-five Crown granted, twelve recorded, and eight held by retention lease.
Ore has been mined from the main vein system of sixteen parallel quartz veins ranging in
width from a fraction of a foot to 12 feet. The veins strike northeastward and dip from
40 to 80 degrees to the southeast. The ore from these veins was almost exhausted when
in 1955 surface drilling located a new vein designated No. 11 cross-vein, and its faulted
extension No. 10 cross-vein. The vein strikes north 37 degrees west and dips 25 degrees
northeast. All undereround work during 1957 was concentrated on these vein segments.
The mine worked 278 days, with 10,968 man-shifts underground, 3,607 man-shifts in
the mill, and 3,490 man-shifts on surface.
A summary of the work done in 1957 was as follows:-
Mine
DevelopmentDrifting and crosscutting .
Sub drifting
Raising
Total
Diamond drillingSurface
~
Underground
Total
SlopingNo. 11 cross-vein
No. 10 cross-vein
No. 11 vein _
Ore-passes
Total
,. By David Smith.
Ft.
389
917
1,063
2,369
5,050
7,162
12,212
Tons
13,405
11,607
34
263
25,309
10
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
Ore to millStapes
Development _
--- 25,309
4,280
Total ____ _
29,589
Tons
Mill
Tons
Ore from mine .
Sorted as waste
Tons milled
29,589
7,831
21,758
Underground the No. I 0 cross-vein has been sloped for a strike length of approximately 400 to 100 feet above the 1500 level, and below the 1500 level to the main fault,
a maximum of 130 feet down the dip. Only remnants of the oreshoot remain to be
mined. Diamond-drill holes and prospect raises failed to find more oreshoots on this
vein. No. 11 cross-vein has been sloped for a strike length of approximately 550 feet.
Of this length, about 350 feet has been stoped from the bottom of the ore horizon (about
70 feet above the 1500 level) to the main fault, 100 to 265 feet above the 1500 level.
The remaining 200 feet has been stoped to about I 00 feet above the bottom of the ore
horizon, and sloping is being continued. Subdrifting to the south of this section has
disclosed at least an additional 100 feet of ore at a horizon about 80 feet above the 1500
level. This section is being developed for sloping. Several small oreshoots have been
found and mined in the main fault zone above 1511-1200 and 1511-1300 stapes. All
mining has been by open sloping. Development and stoping have been complicated by
numerous faults which displace the veins from a few feet to 40 feet. A total of 7, I 6 I
feet of underground diamond drilling was done in forty-eight holes in 1957. Except for
two drill-holes totalling 897 feet, that were drilled on the 1300 level to explore the main
fault, the drilling was for the purpose of exploring the No. 10 and No. 1 I cross-veins
and to solve the fault problems involved.
On surface, approximately 4,000 feet of bulldozer trenching was done in 1957.
Most of this work was in the vicirtity of the main fault zone projected to the surface south
of No. 1 I vein, and in an area about I ,000 feet north and east of No. I I vein on the
surface. No new discoveries were made by this work. A total of 5,050 feet of diamond
drilling in ten holes was done from the surface. This drilling was planned to explore areas
which might be developed from the present underground workings.
Milling was on a seven-days-per-week basis. A total of 29,589 tons of ore was
drawn from the mine. Of this, 7,831 tons was hand-sorted and discarded as waste; the
remainder, 21,758 tons, was milled. The indicated recovery was 94.5 per cent of the
gross value of the ore. There were no major alterations made to the mill flow-sheet and
no major breakdowns.
SMITHERS*
Silver-Lead-Zinc
(54° 127' N.E.) Company office, 609, 602 West Hastings Street,
Vancouver. R. R. Wilson, president; Newt Cornish, general
superintendent. The Duthie mine is on the south slope of Hudson
Bay Mountain and is about 16 miles by road from Smithers. Sixty-five mineral claims
are held by the company-forty-three by Crown grant, twenty by record, and two by
retention lease. The principal mine workings are between elevations of 3,200 and 4,500
feet on the Raven, Raven Fraction, Henderson, Hummingbird, and Canary claims of the
Henderson group.
Duthie (Sil-Van
Mines Limited)
*By David Smith.
LODE METALS
11
The property is underlain by rhyolite, dacite, and andesite flows and breccias. The
mineral deposits occupy four main fault zones, known as the Henderson, Ashman, Faultplane, and Dome. Of these, the Henderson zone has been the most widely developed and
has been traced on the surface for 3,500 feet from an elevation of 3,500 to 4,500 feet.
These mineralized fault zones strike northeastward and range in dip from 50 degrees
southeast to 70 degrees northwest. They are sliced, sheared, and brecciated zones along
which occur sulphide veins and replacement deposits, the latter associated with some vein
quartz and carbonate. The most important ore minerals are galena and sphalerite.
In the autumn of 1956 Sil-Van Consolidated Mining & Milling Company Ltd.
entered into an agreement with Silver Standard Mines Limited whereby the latter undertook to expend the sum of $32,000 on development work by January 31st, 1957. Under
this agreement Silver Standard completed, in 1957, 215 feet of drifting, 108 feet of raising, and 1,919 feet of diamond drilling from underground headings.
On March 31st, 1957, Silver Standard Mines Limited exercised an additional option
and the company was reorganized under the name of Sil-Van Mines Limited. During
April and May plans were made to do further development work and sloping so that production could commence in the autumn. Reduced metal prices forced the company to
alter plans, and limited development work and surface diamond drilling were carried
out during June, July, and August, after which time work was suspended temporarily.
The following work was done by the new company: 328 feet of drifting, 463 feet of
raising, and 1,708 feet of surface diamond drilling. Hours worked were 378 shifts on the
surface and 73 7 shifts underground.
Total development for 1957 was as follows:Place
Drifting3950 drift north
3950 hangingwall drift
41 00 hangingwall drift
Totals
Raising3800
3800
3800
3950
3950
3950
4100
F. ratse
D. raise .
L. raise .
K. raise
M. raise
Q. raise .
0. raise.
Totals
Footage
Tons of Ore
Extracted
215
264
65
250
867
190
544
1,307
32
76
43
27
92
185
115
99
256
70
570
1,732
A total of 1, 919 feet of underground diamond drilling was done in twenty-seven
holes to test the Henderson zone for parallel ore zones. One zone about 10 feet wide
carrying mineralization of ore. grade was located in the hangingwall on the 3950
level. A total of 1, 708 feet of surface drilling in eight holes was done. Seven holes
were drilled on the northern extension of the Henderson vein, five of which intersected
material of ore grade over a width of 4 feet. One hole was drilled on the Dome vein.
Approximately half a mile of road was built to provide access to diamond-drill set-ups
and 600 feet of trenching was done, using a TD-9 tractor.
A watchman remains on duty at the property.
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
12
Silver-Lead-Zinc-Cadmium
(54' 126' N.W.) Company office, 572 Howe Street, Vancouver;
mine office, Smithers. L. C. Creery, president; Paul Kindrat,
resident manager; Henry L. Hill and Associates, consulting management engineers. The property is on the east slope of Cronin
Mountain, about 30 miles by road from Smithers. A considerable
amount of road-building and maintenance work was done. The crushing plant was
redesigned and a gyratory crusher was installed. On the advice of the Workmen's
Compensation Board, a complete dust-collector system was installed. The season's
operations commenced May 16th, milling was resumed June 17th, and all operations
were suspended October 25th. Approximately 5,000 tons of ore was mined from the
No. 2 vein and approximately 1,000 tons from the No. 1 vein.
On the No. 1 vein (Rhyolite vein), No. 1 level was reopened, a raise was driven
to it from No. 2 level, and a raise was driven from it to the bottom of No. 2 shaft.
A small lens of high-grade lead ore was mined from the bottom of No. 2 shaft, and less
than 100 tons was mined from 312 stope.
On the No. 2 vein a short raise was driven from 222 stope, 322 and 323 slopes were
completed, and approximately 1,000 tons of ore was mined from 421 stope. Some 3,000
tons was mined from 521 and 531 slopes, mainly in the series of ore sections in the nose.
Individual lenses contain from 200 to 500 tons. No diamond drilling or other exploration work was done. A total of 5,917 tons of ore was milled, grading 8.4 per cent lead
and I 0.3 per cent zinc.
TELKWA*
Cronin (New
Cronin Babine
Mines Limited)
Limonite
(54' 127' N.W.) Head office, 204, 510 West Hastings Street,
Vancouver. Nicholas Mussallem, president; Michael Hretchka,
manager; James E. Louttit, consulting engineer. This property of
five Crown-granted claims and ten claims held by record is
approximately 38 miles east of the Copper River bridge on Highway No. 16 and approximately the same distance west of Telkwa. A series of twentyseven holes was drilled, and on the basis of the findings a tonnage of 100,000 tons of
limonite is indicated over an area of some 45 acres. Thicknesses as much as 22 feet were
encountered, but the average thickness of clean limonite would be in the neighbourhood
of 10 feet. The options on the Crown-granted claims have been dropped, but the
recorded claims are still held by the company.
Limonite Creek
(Shawano Iron
Mines Limited)
HOUSTON*
Molybdenite
(54' 127' S.W.) This property consists of fifteen recorded claims,
owned by Matthew Sam and B. McRae, of Tapley; it is on the
east side of Morice Lake, 90 air miles west of Burns Lake. It
covers a zone of quartz stringers containing molybdenite that cut quartz porphyry. The
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of •Canada, Limited, optioned the property
and in July, 1957, did 203 lineal feet of trenching. Four men were employed under
the direction of E. H. Caldwell. Transportation was by aircraft and back packing.
Lucky Ship
Zinc
(54° 126' S.W.) This property consists of the Dot and Rod
claims on Bob Creek, 12 miles south of Houston. The claims are
owned by George Smith, of Houston, and were optioned by Mindev
Exploration Company, of Edmonton, Alta. Diamond drilling and bulk sampling outlined
Bob Creek
* By David Smith.
LODE METALS
13
an extensive low-grade deposit of zinc. A road was constructed for I Vz miles. Dan
Tidsbury was engineer in charge. The crew averaged three men. The option has been
dropped.
OMlNECA*
THUTADE LAKE (5r 127' S.E.)
Silver-Lead-Zinc
This group is on Bren Creek, a tributary of Finlay River, about
2 miles west of the north end of Thutade Lake. The claims are
held by record by Emil Bronlund. The showings consist of siliceous zones along tuffaceous horizons in limestone, and fissure veins. Some high silver
values occur. Exposures lie on either side of a north-trending limestone ridge immediately west of Bren Creek. Some zinc showings occur about I mile north on the same
group, but no work was done on them during 1957. Granby Consolidated Mining,
Smelting and Power Company Limited optioned the property, and between June 19th
and August 26th surface work was done by eight men under the direction of A. W.
Tempest. Eleven holes totalling 1,985 feet were drilled. Transportation to Thutade
Lake was by aeroplane. The options have been dropped.
Firesteel
BABINE LAKE (54' 126' N.E.)
Copper
This island, locally known as Copper Island, is in the northern
McDonald Island reach of Babine Lake at the mouth of Hagan Arm. The property
(Gran isle Copper consists of forty-five recorded claims. Early in 1957 a new company, Granisle Copper Limited, was formed; head office, Room
Limited)
507, 1111 West Georgia Street, Vancouver; L. T. Postle, president.
During the summer ten holes totalling 405 feet were drilled with a packsack drill. L. R.
Haggard was geologist in charge. The property is serviced by boat from Tapley Landing,
a distance of 5 miles across the lake.
INGENIKA RIVER*
Lead-Zinc
(56' 125' N.E.) This property is owned by Ingenika Mines Limited, and consists of thirty-two Crown-granted and twenty-two
recorded claims at Delkluz Lake, 20 miles west of Fort Grahame.
It covers a silver-lead-zinc deposit in limestone and is under option
to the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company. From March
28th to October 1st, 1957, twenty-eight diamond-drill holes totalling 10,718 feet were drilled to explore possible extensions of the
known mineralization. This work was under the supervision of K. V. S. Meyer. In all,
ten men were employed. Freight was carried from Prince George by aircraft and by
river boat when water transportation became available.
Ferguson (The
Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company of
Canada, Limited)
(56' 125' N.E.) This property consists of thirty-three recorded
claims on the Swannell River 5 miles south of the Fergnson group.
It is held under option by the Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company from the owner, Gust Ola, of Prince George, and covers
lead-zinc showings in limestone. From August 11th to September
I lth 1,101 feet of diamond drilling was done in four holes. Five
men were employed under the direction of K. V. S. Meyer. Equipment was moved by tractor from the Ferguson camp.
Swannell (The
Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company of
Canada, Limited)
• By David Smith.
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
14
CARIBOO*
WELLS-BARKERVILLE (53" 121° S.W.)
Gold
Company office, 1007 Royal Bank Building, Vancouver. W. B.
Burnett, president; M. Guiguet, manager; R. E. C. Richards, J. W.
Wylie, superintendents; J. I. Stone, mill superintendent. The Cariboo Gold Quartz and Aurum mines operated by this company are
adjacent to the town of Wells, which is 51 miles by road from
Quesnel on the Pacific Great Eastern Railway. The development
work in both mines comprised 3,007 feet of drifting and crosscutting, 642 feet of raising, 218 feet of stope development, and 12,045 feet of diamond
drilling.
The production from the two mines was about equal and totalled 90,796 tons, of
which 87,610 tons was obtained from stoping and 3,186 tons from development.
Aurum and Cariboo Gold Quartz
(The Cariboo Gold
Quartz Mining
Company Limited)
LIKELY*
(52" 121 o N.E.) This group of fourteen claims, including the
Mariner (Spanish Mariner and Tidewater groups, is held by record by Allen P. HimMountain Explora- melman. The claims are on Spanish Mountain, about 7 miles by
road easterly from Likely. This deposit was discovered in 1933
tion Co. Ltd.)
and is described in the 1933 Annual Report, pages 134 and 135.
During the summer of 193 7, surface exploration of the veins and some rehabilitation of
the old underground workings was carried on. Three men were employed.
WILLIAMS LAKEt
McLEESE-CUJssoN LAKES AREA (52" !22° S.E.)
Copper
The country in the vicinity of McLeese and Cuisson Lakes is part of the Fraser
Plateau. Relief is relatively slight and the slopes are mostly gentle, except for valleys
such as that of Sheridan Creek, which are graded to the Fraser River. Much of the
area is covered by swamp or drift.
The geology of the area is shown on Figure 1. The oldest rocks exposed are
metamorphosed tuffs, green schists with lesser volcanic breccia, and limestone that may
all belong to the Cache Creek group. On the Iron Mountain property these rocks grade
northward into medium- to fine-grained foliated greenish diorites and amphibolites whose
relationship to the stratified rocks is not clear. All these rocks are intruded and metamorphosed by foliated granodiorite which is very uniform in composition at all exposures,
except on Granite Mountain where the prevailing rock is a poorly foliated Ieucocratic
granite. Small aplitic granite dykes similar to the Granite Mountain phase are widely
distributed but of minor importance. Possibly the granites are a late phase of the granodiorite or a separate intrusion. The southernmost granodiorite of Figure 1 seems to
be a sheet overlying the intruded stratified rocks. All pre-Tertiary rocks in the area have
a distinct to intense foliation that strikes eastward and dips southward at about 40
degrees. Primary and secondary foliations in stratified and plutonic rocks are essentially
parallel. In the granitic rocks primary foliation resulting from oriented hornblende crystals is in many places accentuated by a parallel shearing that at its most extreme produces
a mylonite.
West of Cuisson Lake all the foregoing rocks are overlain with great unconformity
by flat-lying late Tertiary basalt flows.
• By R. B. King.
t By A. Sutherland Brown.
('socGRANITE
~
LEGEND
alluvium ond driH
Late tertiary
boso~t
flows
Diordic rocks
Tuff$, 9reen $chis b. breccias and
limestone
Beddin9
~
Foliation
Sheeting lvedic;al}
x
Showing
Swamp
Figure 1. McLeese-Cuisson Lakes area.
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
16
Copper mineralization is widely distributed in very small amounts throughout the
whole of the area of Figure 1 east of Cuisson and McLeese Lakes in granitic, dioritic,
and stratified rocks. Some concentrations are known and have been prospected sporadically since the early 1920's. Showings on Iron Mountain and Granite Creek have been
actively explored during the past two years and, together with the Pollyanna, were visited
by the writer.
This property includes more than 100 claims that extend eastward
from a line joining McLeese and Cuisson Lakes. The showings
are about 3 miles northeast of McLeese Lake and may be reached
from the Caribou Highway at McLeese Lake by a branch from the dirt road that follows
Sheridan Creek. The original nucleus of claims, the Iron Mountain group, was located
in 1952 by S. Pearson. Additional claims were located by C. M. Fuller, J. MacGowan,
and others from 1954 to 1956. The groups were optioned and additional claims were
located by The Caribou Gold Quartz Mining Company Limited in 1956. The main
showings are on the Iron Mountain and Iron Mountain Nos. I to 7 claims.
The area of the showings is underlain by metamorphosed thin-bedded tuffs and green
schists with less schistose volcanic breccia and limestone (see Fig. I). South of the
showings is foliated granodiorite that appears structurally to overlie the stratified rocks.
North of the area are foliated diorites and amphibolites. Bedding in the stratified rocks
and foliation in intrusive rocks strike east and dip south at 40 degrees. Contacts between
rock types appear to be largely conformable. The limestones are believed to be pod-like
lenses in an essentially volcanic sequence. The thickness of limestone decreases markedly
toward the west.
The showings are of two types: one consists of an aligned series of thin lenses of
magnetite or specular hematite with chalcopyrite and some epidote, pyroxene, and garnet
that replace the enclosing limestone and schist; the other consists of disseminated chalcopyrite and malachite in green schist or tuff. The iron oxide lenses are conformable
with bedding and are aligned with an easterly strike for over 5,000 feet. They are not
all at one horizon but are in one general zone. Specular hematite forms the lenses in
the central section of the showings and magnetite those at either end. Individual lenses
range from a few inches to as much as 6 feet wide, and the largest appears to be 200
feet long. Chalcopyrite occurs as disseminated blobs and grains within the iron oxide
lenses, and malachite occurs on joints in oxide lenses and on bedding and joints in the
footwall schists. The copper content of four samples of the iron oxide lenses was as
much as 2.6 per cent and averaged 0.95 per cent. The disseminated copper mineralization is widespread. The best concentrations are seen in trenches in the northeastern
part of the property, where sparse disseminated chalcopyrite and more prevalent malachite
occur with small veinlets of epidote, quartz, chalcopyrite, and rare magnetite. Although
assays of the order of 0.1 per cent copper can be obtained over hundreds of feet, no
sample assayed more than 0. 73 per cent copper (across 40 feet). In general, the volcanic
breccia does not seem as well mineralized as the green schists or tuffs.
The showings have been explored by the locators with hand-dug trenches and testpits, and by The Caribou Gold Quartz company with bulldozed trenches, magnetometer
surveys, and a minor amount of X -ray drilling. The magnetometer survey showed an
anomaly of the order of 700 gammas over the western magnetite showings and two
smaller anomalies to the south. Only 150 feet of X -ray drilling was done, core recovery
was extremely poor, and the programme of work was abandoned and the option dropped.
The writer carried out geological mapping and a dip-needle survey of the property. The
latter showed no marked variations from the norm except immediately adjacent to the
known magnetite bodies.
[Reference: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept. 1956, pp. 33, 34.]
Iron Mountain
17
LODE METALS
Company office, 122, 744 West Hastings Street, Vancouver. The
Sunset showings and adit are part of a group of about 100 claims
held by the Kimaclo Company, a private company whose principals
are E. Kinder, T. Matier, and R. L. Clothier. The group covers
much of Granite Mountain and includes the Pollyanna showings. The claims were located
from 1954 to 1956. The Sunset adit is on the lower part of Granite Creek at approximately 3,160 feet elevation about 1 mile east of the north end of Cuisson Lake. The adit
can be reached by an extension of the Cuisson Lake road and is 7 miles by road from the
Cariboo Highway.
The area of the adit, one of the few outcrops on lower Granite Creek, is underlain
by intensely foliated, pyritized granodiorite. The foliation strikes in the usual direction
for the area, north 65 degrees west, and dips 40 degrees south. The foliation is secondary, and consists of a shearing or sub-mylonitization that has the same intensity throughout the area of exposure. This regional shearing is cut at a small angle by a local shear
striking north 35 degrees west and dipping 50 to 70 degrees southwestward. The adit
follows the latter shear. Diamond drilling shows that Granite Creek follows locally the
trace of a fault which is probably post-mineral and strikes about north 45 degrees east.
Mineralization seems to extend along the adit shear and also along the regional
foliation. The adit shear contains lenses of quartz with chalcopyrite and pyrite, and
veinlets horsetailing from it into the regional foliation contain quartz, pyrite, chalcopyrite, and chalcocite. Similar quartz veinlets occur over a minimum width of 15 feet
on either side of the shear. Diamond drilling shows the full width of the mineralized
zone at the adit to be of the order of 100 feet. The drilling also shows that pyritechalcopyrite mineralization extends southeastward along the regional foliation as well
as along the adit shear. Besides the main ore minerals, traces of azurite, malachite, and
covellite occur near the surface and at the portal. It is not known whether the chalcocite is primary or secondary or how much it may contribute to the value of the ore.
At the time of the writer's visit in June, exploration included clearing and blasting
exposure along the creek, driving the adit 110 feet at south 35 degrees east, and 900 feet
of packsack diamond drilling.
Chip samples assayed as follows:Sunset (Kimaclo
Mines Limited)
==========~====~===
Sample
Position
No.
Open-cut west of portaL ________ _
Open-cut east of portal_________ ------------------ __ ---------- _
Drift face (110 feet from portal) hangingwall above shear ____ _
Drift face across shear.... -------- --------------- _------- ---------
1
2
3
4
Width
Ft.
23
23
12\0
·····························]
2"
Copper
PerCent
0.87
0.20
1.43
1.95
The showings are on Granite Mountain at about 4,000 feet elevaPolly anna (Kimaclo lion, a little over half a mile northwest of the lake at the source
Mines Limited)
of Granite Creek. A good trail leads up the mountain from the
end of the road at the Sunset adit. The Pollyanna showings are
in an extensive shear zone in quartzose granite. The shear zone strikes about north
30 degrees west, dips about 45 degrees northeast, and is at least 230 feet wide with several
internal mylonitized zones. Shearing seems to be strongest to the southwest, and quite
possibly the main shear is just beyond a small scarp that marks the end of the outcrop.
The mineralization consists
mo~tly
of malachite and azurite with some chrysacolla, chalco-
pyrite, and traces of cuprite. Primary mineralization and much of the secondary occurs
in small and commonly irregular quartz veins that in general strike parallel to the shearing.
Some of the veins are drusy and some comb-like. Most of them do not appear to be
sheared. Some of the secondary mineralization is distributed as films on shearing sur2
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
18
faces, which gives the whole zone a mineralized appearance. Although mineralization is
distributed along the shear, the best mineralization seems to be concentrated in a line
at right angles to the shearing at the point where most work has been done.
The workings arc described in the 1950 Annual Report under Copper King, as
follows:" The main original workings on the Pollyanna claim comprised three shafts at
25-foot intervals along a north-south line. When examined in September, 1950, these
shafts were filled with water. It was reported that the most northerly shaft was sunk to
a depth of I 0 feet and that little or no copper mineralization had been found. The middle
shaft was sunk to a depth of 30 feet. In 1949 this shaft was drained, and half a ton of
ore was mined and shipped to Tacoma, Wash. It was reported that this shipment assayed
10.5 per cent copper. A grab sample of the quartz and sheared granodiorite on the dump
of this shaft gave the following assay: Gold, nil; silver, 0.1 oz. per ton; copper, 3.3 per
cent. The third shaft was not drained by the present owners but was reported to be 27
feet deep. It was noted that the dump material was stained with malachite.
" In 1949 considerable trenching was done to crosscut the shear zone approximately
50 feet north of the north shaft. This work was abandoned when it was found that the
overburden was much deeper than anticipated. Work was then directed to sinking a shaft
120 feet south of the third shaft. This shaft was sunk to a depth of 28 feet in 1950 and
penetrated sheared and weathered granodiorite lightly stained with malachite One small
lens of crushed quartz was exposed on the east wall of the shaft but did not extend across
to the west wall. No copper mineralization was visible in the quartz. A grab sample
of the sheared diorite on the dump gave the following assay: Gold, trace; silver, nil;
copper, 0.3 per cent."
No new work of significance has been done. A grab sample of the dump of the
last-mentioned shaft above assayed: Copper, 0.6 per cent.
[References: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Repts., 1950, pp. 106-107; 1925, pp.
155-156; 1928, p. 197; 1929, p. 122.]
LAC LA HACHE*
TAKOMKANE MOUNTAIN
(52° 120" S.W.)
Molyhdenum
British Columbia office, 718 Granville Street, Vancouver. In 1956
this company optioned 103 mineral claims, including nine CrownBoss Mountain
(Climax Molyb- granted claims, Lots 1 I I 16 to 11124, inclusive, which were located
denum Company) between 1928 and 1935. The recorded claims were located in
1956 by H. H. Huestis and associates, of Vancouver, owners of the
Crown-granted claims. The property is on the east side of Takomkane (Big Timothy)
Mountain at the headwaters of Molybdenite Creek. During 1957 the property was
serviced entirely by aeroplane from Williams Lake, landings being made on a sma111ake
near the head of Boss Creek at the southern foot of Takomkane Mountain. From this
lake a pack-trailleads over the mountain and down to the camp near the showings. An
alternative method of access involves travel by poor road from 100 Mile. House to
Murphy Lake and by pack-horse trail from there.
The property was first located in 1917. About 1,000 pounds of s.ele.cted molybdenum ore from vein deposits on the south slope above Molybdenite· Creek ··was shipped
in 191 R 1Eardley-Wilmot, 1925, p. 32). The property was acquired in I 930 by The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited. The claims were sold for
taxes in 1955 and acquired by the present owners. The Climax Molybdenum Company
began exploration in September, 1956.
* By A.
Sutherland Brown.
LODE METALS
19
Geology
Takomkane Mountain is underlain by two types of plutonic rock of Mesozoic age
and two types of olivine basalt of late Pleistocene age (see Fig. 2).
LEGEND
PLEISTOCENE
llllJI Olivine
miiiiiill Olivine
·-f-- __._
basalt flows
basalt cinder cone
1\N\j"MJ
MESOZOIC
.·..........·. Monzonite syenodiorite
!:.:·:·:.:·:·:·:·:·:·:1 Q 0 a' I z
aI 0 I ; It
CIJ bt•%~· diolite
x-~--~
{"}
Bedding
Foliation(dips 75°NW to vertical)
Fault
Orebody
Showings
Crater
Figure 2. Takomkane Mountain.
20
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
The oldest rocks form the southwestern part of the mountain and consist chiefly of
monzonite and syeno-diorite. These rocks have the appearance of fine-grained diorites
but actually are very heterogeneous in grain size and rock type. Variation occurs areally,
in hand specimens, and in thin sections as a gradational mottling. Foliation is weakly
developed. Under the microscope the rocks all have a characteristic texture with large
poikilitic orthoclase grains containing small rounded laths of labradorite. Fresh clinopyroxene is locally the chief mafic mineral and quartz invariably forms less than 5 per
cent of the rock. These rocks appear to be of hybrid origin.
Intruding these hybrid rocks are uniform, medium-grained hornblende-rich quartzdiorites. The contact may be gradational over a few hundred feet, but more commonly it
is gradational over a few tens of feet; it also can be sharply intrusive. Under the microscope the quartz-diorite is seen to be composed of laths of slightly zoned fresh andesine
(50 per cent) and hornblende (20 per cent) and in the interstices is orthoclase (18 per
cent) and quartz (10 per cent); magnetite (2 per cent) is associated with the hornblende.
The quartz-diorite has primary foliation throughout. Together with the weak foliation of
the hybrid diorites, the foliation forms an arc from north 20 degrees east in the north and
east to north 50 degrees east in the south and west. Everywhere it dips steeply northwestward to vertically.
All the foregoing rocks are markedly jointed. Variations in orientation are not
related to the different rock types. The chief joint orientations are: North 65 degrees
east, dip 65 degrees southeast; north 45 degrees west, vertical; and north 30 degrees
west, dip 40 degrees southwest. Of these, the first is well developed throughout the area,
the second particularly in the eastern part of the mountain, and the third in the west.
Some joints are very extensive and may be dyke-filled or slightly faulted.
Five dyke rocks have been recognized; some of them occur in characteristic
orientations. Quartz-orthoclase-tourmaline pegmatites are probably the oldest dykes.
Characteristically they are very nearly fiat lying. Small aplite dykes occur in any orientation. The biggest and commonest dykes are porphyritic hornblende andesite. These and
biotite lamprophyre dykes regularly occur in the north 45 degrees west joint orientation.
One large quartz-porphyry dyke is exposed in trenches north of the creek showing, but
no other was seen.
The twin peaks of Takomkane Mountain are formed from a cinder cone of olivine
basalt that rests on the glaciated surface of the main mountain mass. The cone is about
300 feet high, and from it a flow extends about one-half mile to the northwest (see Fig.
2). The cone is chiefly built of vesicular cinders and bombs of olivine basalt as much
as 2 feet long by 1 foot in diameter. Some flows or dykes are intercalated. Rare blocks
of quartz-diorite occur among the bombs and more commonly as inclusions in the flows,
where they may be as much as 1 foot in diameter. The flows are composed of dense dark
purplish basalt with large and small phenocrysts of olivine and small phenocrysts of
plagioclase. The olivine crystals are very numerous and rarely are as much as 1 foot long.
Some small ones are a good transparent green and may be called peridot, but most are
semi-opaque, highly fractured, aud altered to iddingsite, hypersthene, etc. A few crystals
are fresh and glossy black. The flow to the northwest is about 15 feet thick at the snout
and probably not much thicker elsewhere. The dips are everywhere gentle. Some erratic
granitic boulders lie on the flow and on the cone. On the east side of the cone, Jlow
material forms a wall some 30 feet high at the edge of a cirque but does not extend down
into the cirque. This suggests the cirque was filled by a glacier at the time of eruption,
whereas the main part of the mountain was ice-free. The mountain had obviously been
glaciated before the cone was built, and the presence of erratic boulders and minor
sculpturing of the cone indicate that it was also glaciated after. All facts indicate that the
cone and flows were formed late in the Pleistocene epoch.
LODE METALS
21
Faults are difficult to differentiate from large joints. The most continuous known
fault is just north of the cone and strikes about north 85 degrees west and dips steeply
south. Minor showings of pyrite and chalcopyrite and their weathered products occur
adjacent to this fault (Reinecke, 1920, pp. 82, 97-98). A shear striking north 60
degrees east and dipping 80 degrees northwestward cuts the creek showings and extends
at least 3,000 feet to the sonthwest.
Showings
Two main areas of mineral showings are known (see Fig. 2): one on Molybdenite
Creek is composed of breccia, and the other 800 feet southwest, and extending up the
slope south of the creek, is composed of quartz veins. The only mineral of importance in
both showings is molybdenite.
The creek showings are considered the most important as a result of the outlining
by trenching and drilling of a well-defined orebody. This orebody forms the centre of a
breccia pipe in quartz-diorite. The pipe at the surface forms a lens about 100 feet wide
by more than 400 feet long oriented north 30 degrees west. The orebody forms the
centre of the pipe, about 20 feet wide by 360 feet long.
The shattering of the pipe ranges outward from intense brecciation at the centre
through a stockwork to a zone of random small veins. Where most intensely developed,
the breccia is composed of angular fragments less than 6 inches in diameter of quartzdiorite with rare felted biotitic rocks that represent shattered lamprophyre dykes or altered
inclusions. Some fragments have been rotated. The whole is sealed by quartz with a
minor amount of orthoclase, but some drusy vugs occur in the matrix. There has been
some silicification of quartz-diorite and complete alteration of hornblende to felted biotite.
Molybdenite chiefly fringes the quartz-diorite fragments. Minor minerals include pyrite,
magnetite, and chalcopyrite. The pyrite occurs chiefly in vugs and in the matrix but also
occurs as impregnations in the fragments. The magnetite occurs as impregnations. The
intensely brecciated zone is about 20 feet wide. Outward from it there is a gradation
through breccia with less quartz filling and no rotation of fragments to a zone of minor
quartz veinlets and silicification and beyond to normal quartz diorite. The complete zone
of breccia, stockwork, and veining is about 100 feet wide. The central breccia that forms
the orebody is well exposed at the creek and less well in trenches over a length of 360
feet. Trenches north of the orebody expose occasional quartz-molybdenite veins.
X-ray diamond drilling by the British Columbia Department of Mines in 1942 tested
the breccia pipe to a depth of 150 feet, to which depth the average grade of the body was
0.61 per cent molybdenum (Stevenson, 1942).
At and near the creek the orebody is cut by post-mineral fractures striking north
60 degrees east and dipping 80 degrees northwestward. Minor pyrite mineralization is
associated with fracturing of this attitude at the edge of the cirque 3,000 feet southwest
of the orebody.
The showings on the south side of the creek consist of isolated small quartz veins
which form a narrow zone that strikes parallel to the breccia pipe, north 35 degrees west,
and extends along the slope for I, 700 feet. Some of these veins contain spectacular films
of molybdenite. There are few other metallic minerals. The molybdenite occurs chiefly
as fringes to the vein, with blades normal to the vein forming a honeycomb of equilaterial
triangles. The blades may be as large as a centimetre in diameter. Veins mostly strike
north 50 degrees west and dip 50 to 70 degrees southwest, but exceptions and irregular
veins occur. The largest veins are of the order of 2 feet wide and 50 feet long. Most are
smaller.
Individual trenches at both showings are described by Stevenson (1940, pp. 41-47).
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
22
Exploration
Exploration by tbe Climax Molybdenum Company in 1957, as in 1956, consisted
almost entirely of diamond drilling. In 1957 one drill started on June 23rd and a second
at the end of Augnst. A total of about 10,000 feet was drilled to test the extension of the
breccia-pipe and to investigate the possibility of a similar deposit below the veins of the
south slope.
[References: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Repts. 1956, pp. 34-35; Reinecke, L.,
Geol. Surv., Canada, Mem. 118, 1920; Stevenson, J. S., B.C. Dept. of Mines, Bull. 9,
1940; Stevenson, J. S., 1942, private report; Eardley-Wilmot, V. L., Dept. of Mines,
Canada, Mines Branch Pub. No. 592, 1925.]
LILLOOET*
BLUE CREEK (51 ° 122° S.W.)
Gold
The Elizabeth group of four Crown-granted claims is north of Blue
Creek, a tributary of Yalakom River. They are owned by Elizabeth V. White, of Vancouver, and T. W. Illidge, of Bralorne.
Access to the property is by 48 miles of road from Lillooet.
In 1956 a new crosscut on the Elizabeth claim was driven 466 feet to explore two
quartz veins. These were intersected by the crosscut at 110 and 455 feot and were designated the main and west veins respectively. Twenty-four feet of drifting was done on the
west vein.
In 1957 the west vein was followed an additional 320 feet under the supervision of
T. W. Illidge. A geological study of surface and underground was carried out under the
direction of R. Thompson.
Elizabeth
BRIDGE RIVER (50° 122° N.W.)
Gold
Company office, 555 Burrard Street, Vancouver; mine office,
Bralorne. A. C. Taylor, president; M. M. O'Brien, vice-president
and managing director; D. N. Matheson, general manager, died on
November 7tb, 1957; C. M. Manning, general superintendent;
J. S. Thomson, mine superintendent; C. D. Musser, mill superintendent. This mine is on
Cadwallader Creek, a tributary of Bridge River, and is 75 miles by road from Lillooet on
the Pacific Great Eastern Railway.
The mine is worked from tbe Crown, Empire, and Queen shafts. The Queen is an
internal shaft which is below the levels of the Crown and Empire shafts. In 1957 this
shaft was sunk I 75 feet, and a loading-pocket was installed on tbe 3 3rd or lowest level.
Development work comprised 2,972 feet of drifting, 1,356 feet of crosscutting, 845
feet of raising, and 10,377 feet of diamond drilling. The majority of the mine development was in the Queen shaft section on the 77, 79, and 93 veins. An extensive diamonddrilling programme was carried out on the 20tb level in the area of the King section and
in the adjoining Taylor (Bridge River) Mines property.
Ore is mined principally by cut and fill and shrinkage sloping. A total of 143,812
tons of ore was mined. Fill for the slopes was brought into the mine from talus slopes
near the portal. In the mill, gold is recovered by amalgamation. A sulphide concentrate
is made by flotation. A total of 141,192 tons of ore was milled in 1957.
The number of men employed was 367, of whom 261 were employed underground.
Bralorne Mines
Limited
""By R. B. King.
LODE METALS
23
Company office, 525 Seymour Street, Vancouver; mine office,
Pioneer Gold Mines Pioneer Mine. Victor Spencer, president; W. B. Montgomery,
of B.C. Limited
general manager of Pioneer Mine Division; H. D. M. Jager, mine
superintendent and chief engineer; T. Bevister, mill superintendent. This property is on Cadwallader Creek, a tributary of Bridge River, and is about
78 miles by road from Lillooet on the Pacific Great Eastern Railway.
The mine is at present being worked from No. 2 and No. 3 shafts and an inclined
three-compartment winze, designated No. 5 shaft. Development work comprised 932
feet of drifting and crosscutting, 2,459 feet of raising, and 11,432 feet of diamond drilling.
Most of this work was done in the No. 5 shaft area on the 27 and 29 veins.
Ore is mined mainly by cut and fill methods. The stope excavations are filled with
sands from mill tailings. New construction consisted of a bin and conveyor belt at No. 3
headframe to handle ore that is trucked from the workings on the Taylor vein. A new
substation was built at No. 3 portaL Electric immersion heaters with a total capacity of
50 kilowatts were installed in the water pipe-lines at the Hurley River dam to prevent
freezing of the water supplied to the mine. In the crushing plant a 4- by 8-foot Symons
rod-deck screen was installed to replace a Hummer screen.
In 1957, 102,084 tons of sorted ore was milled. The number of men employed was
24 7, of whom 124 ""'re employed underground.
Cobalt-Gold-Uranium
Company office, 510 West Hastings Street, Vancouver. A. R.
LiHie Gem (North- Allen, president; H. R. Shuttleworth, mine manager. This propern Gem Mining erty, consisting of eight Crown-granted and twenty-six recorded
Corporation Ltd.) mineral claims, is on Roxey Creek near its headwaters. Roxey
Creek flows into Gun Creek, which is a tributary of the Bridge
River. The mine camp, elevation 5,500 feet, is 3 miles from Gun Creek and 12 miles
from the Bridge River Road. The mine road branches from the Bridge River road nearly
2 miles east of Minto.
The lowest or No. 3 adit, elevation 6,085 feet, is reached from the mine camp by a
jeep road. No. 2 adit, elevation 6,193 feet, and No. I adit, elevation 6,250 feet, are
serviced by a tramline.
On No. 1 level, development work comprised 363 feet of drifting, 50 feet of crosscutting, and 400 tons of slashing. No work was done on No. 2 level during the year.
No. 3 adit was started, and the development work comprised 435 feet of drifting, 70 feet
of crosscutting, and 640 tons of slashing. A total of 2,600 feet of diamond drilling was
done on the two levels.
This work was done from May 25th to October 21st. Eight men were employed.
STEIN RIVER (50° 122° S.E.)
Silver
Company office, 408 West Pender Street, Vancouver. R. H.
Seraphim, exploration manager. The Silver Queen group of eighSilver Queen
(Moneta Porcupine teen Crown-granted claims is on the west fork of Cottonwood
Mines, Limited) Creek, which is a tributary of Stein River. Access to the property
is gained by road from Lytton to the junction of Stein River and
the Fraser River and then by pack-horse trail along Stein River for about 25 miles. The
property is under option to Moneta Porcupine Mines, Limited.
Prospecting and surface trenching of several silver-bearing veins was carried out
from June to September. A total of 2,387 feet of diamond drilling was done.
24
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
HIGHLAND VALLEY*
Copper
Since 1955 large-tonnage low-grade deposits of "porphyry copper" type have been
investigated at Highland Valley, 20 miles southeast of Ashcroft. This central part of the
Guichon Creek batholith is underlain by a variety of intrusive rocks which include older
and younger quartz-diorites, granodiorite, dacite-porphyry, and breccia composed of the
above rocks. The intrusive rocks are overlain north of Highland Valley by mid-Tertiary
lava flows. Elevations are mainly between 4,000 and 6,000 feet, and much of the area
is covered by drift and alluvium. Mine roads connect all the properties with the Highland
Valley road, which leads to Ashcroft or to Merritt.
An index map showing the locations of most properties in the Highland Valley area
was included in the 1956 Annual Report (Fig. 2, p. 42). In a few cases the boundaries
of the properties have changed.
Most of the property in the Highland Valley area is now controlled by three companies-American Smelting and Refining Company Ltd., Kennecott Copper Corporation,
and Phelps Dodge Corporation. Since 1955 exploration of the Bethlehem property has
been directed and financed by American Smelling and Refining (Vancouver office, 813
Birks Building, 718 Granville Street; G. A. Dirom, resident engineer), which now
controls also a number of adjacent properties. These include the Sheba and VenturesMinex properties together with the Lodge, Hat, and Gnawed Mountain groups, and part
of the Beaver group. Kennecott, through its subsidiary, Northwestern Explorations,
Limited (Vancouver office, 1111 Burrard Building, West Georgia Street; J. S. Scott,
manager), controls the Bethsaida and Krain properties. Phelps Dodge, through its
majority ownership of Anson Mines Limited (P.O. Box 519, Kamloops), controls the
Jericho property, which has been greatly extended in 1957.
(50° 121 o N.E.)
Company office, 1004, 850 West Hastings
Krain Copper Ltd. Street, Vancouver. D. F. Farris, president. This company holds
about eighty-six claims and fractions east of the north peak of
Forge Mountain, which comprise the D.W., Krain, and R.K. groups. In August, 1957,
the property was optioned by Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
Work in 1957 by Krain Copper Ltd. was directed by W. M. Sirola and included six
surface diamond-drill holes, making a total of about 10,000 feet so far drilled on the
property. Northwestern Explorations did &eological mapping and electrical prospecting,
together with a small amount of bulldozer trenching and 1 mile of road construction.
This work was supervised by D. A. Barr.
On the Krain Copper claim a zone of primary mineralization adjoins a shallow zone
of secondary mineralization and occurs in altered quartz-diorite and porphyry near
Tertiary flows covering Forge Mountain. The zone is about 400 feet long and widens
southward from about 130 to 500 feet. It persists in depth to at least 400 feet. The
mineralization consists of chalcopyrite with pyrite, molybdenite, and very little bornite.
(50° 120° N.W.) Company office, 1001 837 West Hastings
Street, Vancouver. C. Armour, president; M. M. Hunt, mine
manager. This company holds about 100 claims and fractions
north and east of the south peak of Forge Mountain. At the
Trojan mine, 4 miles north-northeast of Quiltanton (Divide) Lake, a great mass of
breccia has been investigated by stripping and diamond drilling.
In 1957 the shaft was continued to 161 feet and a mineralized zone in the western
part of the adjacent breccia mass was explored on the 150 level. Crosscutting and drifting
totalled 881 feet. Chalcopyrite is enriched with chalcocite and native copper, near strong
gougy faults in these workings.
Trojan Consolidated Mines Ltd.
'"By J. M. Carr.
LODE METALS
Bethlehem Copper Corporation Ltd., Highland Valley. Bulldozer stripping near
an old
~haft
on a molybdenite-copper showing.
Trojan Consolidated Mines Ltd., Highland Valley. Shaft headframe and camp buildings.
25
26
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
Construction in 1957 included headframe, sampling plant, power-house, mine ventilation blower, and a residence for the chief mechanic. Twenty-five men were employed.
(50° 120° S.W.)
Company office, 814, 402 West Pender Street,
Bethlehem Copper Vancouver. H. H. Huestis, president. This company holds 110
Corporation Ltd. claims and fractions immediately east of Quiltanton Lake. Ameri-
can Smelting and Refining Company Ltd. continued exploration
work on this property in 1957. To November the work was supervised by G. A. Dirom,
with C. J. Coveney and J. R. Klem as engineer in charge, successively. Since November,
P. A. Lewis is acting superintendent at the property and C. J. Coveney is geologist in
charge.
Work in 1957 included 16,717 feet of diamond drilling, 10,925 feet of rotary
drilling, and 1,830 feet of churn drilling. A total of 4,000 feet of bulldozer stripping and
trenching was done, and 20 miles of road was constructed. Thirty-five men were
employed.
By testing covered areas with rotary, churn, and diamond drill the East Jersey
mineralized zone was discovered 1,000 feet east of the Jersey zone and 2,000 feet north
of the Tona workings. The East Jersey zone appears to be of good grade, and by November was known to be at least 700 feet long, between 200 and 300 feet wide, and to be at
least 400 feet deep. In the north part of the Jersey zone, diamond drilling has shown that
mineralization in places persists to 1,000 feet in depth and has not been bottomed. The
combined tonnage of the lana and Jersey zones was estimated by Bethlehem Copper in
May, 1957, at about 100 million tons.
(50° !20° N.W.) This group adjoins the northwest boundary of
the Bethlehem property and is held jointly by Farwest Tungsten
Copper Mines Limited (company office, 1075 Melville Street,
Vancouver) and Beaver Lodge Uranium Mines Limited of the same address. The northern part of this group, comprising twenty-nine claims and fractions, was optioned in
March, 1957, by American Smelting and Refining Company Ltd., which subsequently
drilled seven rotary-drill test-holes totalling 2,240 feet and constructed I mile of road.
Beaver
(50° 120° N.W.) This group adjoins the Beaver group and the
north boundary of the Bethlehem property. It comprises about
thirty-nine claims and fractions which are held by Northlodge
Copper Mines Limited (company office, I 07 5 Melville Street, Vancouver). In March,
1957, the group was optioned by American Smelting and Refining Company Ltd., which
drilled ten rotary-drill test-holes totalling 1,437 feet and constructed I Y2 miles of road.
Lodge
(50° 120' N.W.) This group of ten claims and fractions is east
of the Bethlehem property about 4V2 miles from Quiltanton Lake.
It is held by Northlodge Copper Mines Limited. In August, 1957,
the group was optioned by American Smelting and Refining Company Ltd., which drilled
five rotary-drill holes totalling 395 feet. These test-holes were drilled near faulted mineralized rock exposed in trenches dug in 1956.
Hat
( 50° 120' S.W.) Company office, 1519 Marine Building, 355
Burrard Street, Vancouver. W. R. Wheeler, president. This company holds ninety-six claims and fractions between Witches Brook
and Gnawed Mountain, to the south of the Bethlehem property.
Prior to optioning this property in February, 1958, American Smelting and Refining
Company Ltd. carried out geological mapping, did some 200 feet of bulldozer trenching,
and constructed about 4 miles of access road.
Sheba Copper
Mines Limited
LODE METALS
27
(500 120° S.W.) This group of ten claims is on Gnawed MounGnawed Mountain tain, about 4 miles south of the Bethlehem property. The claims
are held by B.X. Mining Company Limited (company office, 1500,
355 Burrard Street, Vancouver). In 1957 the company constructed about 3 miles of
road, giving access to Gnawed Mountain from the Victor mine. Prior to optioning the
Gnawed Mountain group in January, 1958, American Smelting and Refining Company
Ltd. did preliminary geological mapping of the group.
(50° 120' S.W.) Ventures Exploration Limited, 612 View Street,
Victoria, and Minex Development Company Limited, 640 West
Min ex
Hastings Street, Vancouver, hold I 02 claims and fractions northwest and southeast of Gnawed Mountain, extending south to Roscoe Lake. In November, 1957, this property was optioned by American Smelting and
Refining Company Ltd., which previously drilled five rotary-drill holes totalling 400 feet.
Ventures and
(50' 121 o S.E.) Company office, 900 West Pender Street, VanVictor (Skeena
couver. S. S. Parker, president; C. Rutherford, consulting engineer.
Silver Mines Ltd.) This company holds twenty-four claims and fractions immediately
west of the Sheba property. The Victor adit is I% miles southsoutheast of Quiltanton Lake.
Work in 1957 consisted of 406 feet of surface diamond drilling. At the Victor
workings a quartz vein dips 40 degrees to the east-southeast and is exposed underground
for 180 feet along the strike. Pyrite and chalcopyrite occur in and along the vein, across
widths ranging between I Vz and 6 feet. Chip samples taken in the north drift assayed
as follows:Location
I
2
}
Across 5 feet, of which 6 inches is footwall, at 65 feet from the winze ..
Across lV2 feet in the hanging wan, at 70 feet [rom the winze
Across 31,4 feet beneath the hangingwall, at 159 feet from the winze ___
Gold
Silver
Oz. per Ton
··-·
Oz. perTon
0.2
Trace
0.2
I
Copper
Per Cent
3.28
0.)
0.82
Mineralization is exposed on surface north and south of the adit for a total distance
exceeding 800 feet. Surface diamond-drill holes inclined toward the vein from the east
indicate that the mineralization continues to a depth of about 325 feet measured on the
dip of the vein, and extends at this depth for at least 500 feet measured parallel to the
strike of the vein. The width of mineralization appears to increase at depth.
(50' 121' S.E.) Company office, 303, 1075 Melville Street,
Bethsaida Copper Vancouver. D. F. Farris, president. The company holds six
Mines Limited
Crown-granted claims and fifty-three located claims and fractions
extending west from Quiltanton Lake. In July, 1957, the property
was optioned by Northwestern Explorations, Limited, which did some line-cutting and
electrical prospecting, supervised by D. A. Barr.
(50' 120° S.W.) Company office, 204, 717 West Pender Street,
Vancouver. R. F. Stibbard, president. This company holds 1,077
claims and fractions, all of which are optioned by Anson Mines
Limited. The latter company holds by record forty claims that
are integral with the Jericho property. This property largely surrounds the Highland
Valley area.
Work by Anson Mines Limited in 1957 was supervised by R. E. Geer. It included
geological and magnetometer surveys of claims in the vicinity of the Jericho camp on
Witches Brook and in the Pimainus Lake area. Some other parts of the property were
covered by geological reconnaissance. Five miles of road was constructed between Calling Lake and Pimainus Lake. Five men were employed for most of the season.
Jericho Mines
Limited
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
28
GUICHON CREEK
Copper
(50° 120° S.W.) Company office, 1111 Burrard Building, West
Georgia Street, Vancouver. J. S. Scott, manager, Vancouver;
P. E. Hirst, superintendent, Merritt. Until late in 1957 the company held about 210 located claims and nine Crown-granted claims
lying mainly west of Guichon Creek about 4 miles south of Mamit
Lake. This property, which includes the old Aberdeen and Vimy
Ridge mines, reverted to Bethlehem Copper Corporation in November. Copper mineralization occurs in altered and fractured intrusive rocks of the Guichon Creek batholith.
Bornite and chalcopyrite are the two chief minerals. In 1957 work included sis surface
diamond-drill holes totalling 1,565 feet. Electrical and magnetic ground surveys were
carried out and geochemical prospecting done, using both soils and stream sediments.
Small amounts of bulldozer trenching and road-building were done. Camp at the property was occupied from April to July. Between fifteen and thirty men were employed.
Vimy and H.C.
(Northwestern
Explorations,
Limited)*
Copper-Iron
(50° 120' S.W.) Head office, 678 Howe Street, Vancouver. The
Craigmont (Craig- property consists of 157 claims located from December, 1954 to
mont Mines
1957. The showings are about 10 miles northwest of Merritt on
the Promontory Hills at about 4,000 feet elevation. The main
Limitedlt
showings are on the Merrell No. 8 claim. The property was
optioned in November, 1957, by Canadian Exploration Limited, which assumed direction
of exploration late in the year.
The property is in a zone of interfingering of dioritic phases of the Guichon batholith
with banded flows and tuffs of the Nicola volcanics. Exposures in the general area are
meagre, and the orebody at present being explored does not outcrop. About a mile
southeast of this orebody are the showings that originally attracted attention to the area;
they are all in diorite. The rocks of the ore zone are fine- to medium-grained foliated
diorites and banded green to red volcanic flow rocks and tuffs. Intense alteration of
original minerals to chlorite, epidote, and orthoclase is common. Foliation in the
diorites and banding in the volcanic rocks are steeply dipping and subparallel.
The structure is obscure, but it appears that there is a shear zone subparallel and
adjacent to a contact of the diorites with the volcanic rocks, and that the latter have been
extensively replaced by ore minerals. Shears, foliation, banding, minor replacement
features, and orientation of the orebody all appear to be subparallel, striking eastward
and dipping steeply to the south.
Mineralization consists of large-scale replacement, chiefly of the volcanic rocks, by
magnetite, specular hematite, or both, with included blobs and irregular veinlets of
chalcopyrite. Other metallic minerals, including pyrite, are rare. Heavily replaced
sections consist of about 50 per cent iron and 1 to 4 per cent copper.
The discovery of the orebody resulted from diamond drilling an area of coincident
geophysical and geochemical anomalies. Field soil testing and reconnaissance magnetometer surveying in 1956 revealed several anomalies, and the most intense was tested
by drilling starting in March, 1957. Seven holes with a total of about 3,500 feet were
drilled by Craigmont Mines Limited iu 1957 along the easterly trending axis of the
anomalies. All are vertical holes except No. 7, which was drilled southward at an
inclination at the collar of about 60 degrees. The first two holes missed the objective,
but all the others except No. 6 contain ore. Estimates of dimensions and grade of the
ore zone cannot be made, but it appears to extend at least 1,000 feet along strike and to
have a true width at No. 7 drill-hole of about 200 feet.
*By J. M. Carr.
t By A. Sutherland Brown.
LODE METALS
29
NICOLA*
Copper
(50" 120" S.W.) Head office, Room 608, 1255 Phillips Square,
Montreal. D. W. Heller, president, Montreal. The Copperado
property includes the Turlight Crown-granted claim and fortyseven claims and fractions held by record by Guichon Mine Limited. In December, 1956, the property was leased to Western
Copperada Mining Corporation. The property is at an elevation
of from 3,500 to 4,500 feet and is about 4 miles north of the southern end of Nicola
Lake. The principal showings are on the flank of a low ridge sloping gently southwestward toward the valley of Clapperton Creek. The property is accessible by a 7 -mile road
which leaves the Merritt-Kamloops Highway at Nicola village. Geologically it lies near
the southwestern margin of the Central Nicola batholith and is largely underlain by
granodiorite. The main showing, which is on the Turlight claim, is a northwesterly to
northerly trending shear zone that contains lenses of vein matter; this consists mainly
of quartz which is locally mineralized with chalcopyrite and bornite.
The initial work on the Turlight claim was done in 1929, when a shaft inclined
at 67 degrees was sunk 60 feet on the shear zone, and several small open-cuts were made
near the shaft collar. The property remained inactive until 1947, when Guichon Mine
Limited acquired control. During the following four years the shaft was deepened to
450 feet and approximately 720 feet of drifting and crosscutting was done at four levels50-foot, 100-foot, 200-foot, and 425-foot. In the winter of 1947/48 the property was
optioned to the Anaconda Copper Mining Company, which diamond drilled seven holes
totalling 2,578 feet. The property remained inactive again from November, 1951, until
May, 1956, when Guichon Mine Limited resumed work, The shaft was unwatered to a
depth of 250 feet and a raise was driven 50 feet in ore from the I 00-foot level. Approximately 95 tons of ore was produced, of which 45 tons was shipped to Tacoma smelter
for test purposes. On December 1st, 1956, the property was taken over by Western
Copperada Mining Corporation. In the winter of 1956/57 eight holes were diamond
drilled at the 200 level, totalling 2,000 feet. Early in 1957 an electromagnetic survey
of the property was carried out under the direction of Shield Mining Surveys Ltd., of
Ottawa, and a number of anomalies were indicated. The majority of these were later
found to be due to structural factors rather than to mineralization, but some are considered
to merit further investigation. In the spring of 1957 a diamond-drilling programme was
started under the supervision of W. L. Young, of Shield Mining Surveys Ltd., and later
under F. D. M. Horsecroft. Twenty holes were drilled, totalling 9,962 feet. At the
time of the writer's visit to the property in May, a crew of twenty-one men was employed
and three diamond drills were in operation. The drilling was completed on July 26th.
It is reported that the drilling has disclosed a new area of mineralization between 4,400
and 5,600 feet north-northwest of the shaft on the Turlight claim. In this area it is
reported that drill cores indicated chalcopyrite and bornite mioeralization in quartz feldspar veins and to a lesser extent in granodiorite and chlorite schist.
[Reference: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rep!. 1949, pp. 115-120.]
Copperado
(Western Copperada Mining
Corporation)
KAMLOOPSt
Copper
(50' 120" N.E.) Company office, 1208 Vancouver Block, VanMakaoo Develop- couver 2. W. I. Nelson, president and general manager. This
ment Company company holds five Crown-granted claims and seventy-two reLimited
corded claims in the vicinity of Coal Hill, about 3 miles southwest
of Kamloops. This and other properties occurring in the eastern
• By A. R. C. James.
t By J. M. Carr, except as noted.
30
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
part of the Iron Mask batholith were fully described in the 1956 Annual Report, pages
47 to 69.
In 1957 the property was optioned by D. W. Heller, of Montreal. An electromagnetic survey was made by Shield Mining Surveys Ltd., Ottawa, of seven claims extending
cast from a point 1 mile south of the Python workings.
(50° 1200 N.E.) Company office, 1430 Burrard Building, 1030
West Georgia Street, Vancouver. W. Fred Evans, president; W. I.
Nelson, vice-president and general manager. This company holds
Ltd.
six Crown-granted claims and seventy-two recorded claims immediately west of the Makaoo property. In 1957 about 200 feet of small-diameter diamond
drilling was done on three widely separated claims.
Galaxy Minerals
(50° 1200 N.E.) This company holds twenty-five claims and
fractional claims at Jacko Lake, 5 miles southwest of Kamloops.
Three of the claims are Crown-granted, one is held by retention
lease, and the others are held by record. A detailed description of
this property, which includes the Ajax and Wheal Tamar workings,
was given in the 1956 Annual Report, pages 63 to 67. Disseminations and veins of chalcopyrite occur in albitized microdiorite of the
Iron Mask batholith near contacts with picrite-basalt bodies. Surface diamond drilling
by the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company in 1929, 1955, and 1956 was concentrated about two small adits on the Ajax claim in the western part of the property.
A plan showing the better-mineralized intersections in this area was included in the 1956
Annual Report.
Work by the company in 1957 consisted of 4,552 feet of drilling, bringing the total
of surface diamond drilling in the vicinity of the Ajax claim to over 20,000 feet. Eleven
holes were drilled at moderate inclinations to the southeast, in contrast to the northeast
and southwest directions of previous holes. The holes are arranged in two parallel series
which extend northeast and cover the eastern half of the Ajax claim and the adjacent part
of Jacko No. 6 Fraction. The northwestern series comprises holes Nos. 35 to 39. The
southeastern series crosses the adits and comprises holes Nos. 40 to 45,
The cores of holes Nos. 41 to 45 only were examined; holes Nos. 41 and 45 lie
north and south respectively of the mineralized area. The first penetrates coarser-grained
batholithic rocks; the second penetrates picrite-basalt together with rnicrodioritc. Holes
Nos. 42, 43, and 44 contain varying amounts of chalcopyrite over much of their lengths.
Hole No. 43 follows closely the strike of the mineralized zone exposed in the north-driven
adit. It is drilled south 34 degrees east at minus 51 degrees from a point ncar hole No. 6
(see Fig. 7, 1956 Ann. Rept.). Good mineralization is intersected almost continuously
from 158 to 521 feet in the hole, and gives way to poorer material at 400 feet vertical
depth. Holes Nos. 42 and 44 are on either side of hole No. 43, at distances of 200 feet
to the northeast and 170 feet to the southwest respectively. They intersect better-grade
mineralization for about one quarter of their aggregate length, the intersections being
short and widely spaced.
Ajax (The
Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company of
Canada, Limited)
Iron
(50° 120° N.E.) Cliff Fraction and Gift are Crown-granted
mineral claims owned by Francis P. Newcome, 59 Menzies Street,
Victoria. They lie one-half mile south of the Trans-Canada Highway about R miles west of Kamloops, and include showings on the former Magnet claim
(see Iron Ores of Canada, Vol. I, Geol. Surv., Canada, Econ. Geol. Ser. No. 3, 1926,
pp. 115-128). Outcrops and shallow trenches expose several magnetite veins that occur
in diorite and monzonite of the Iron Mask batholith. A shaft is now caved.
Cliff and Gift*
* By J. M. Carr and R. B. King.
LODE METALS
31
The principal veins are Nos. 3 and 4. They strike east-southeast and dip either
vertically or steeply north. The walls are generally sharply defined, but in places the
veins either split or enclose sheets of country rock. The estimated magnetite content of
the veins at the surface ranges between 50 and 90 per cent, and averages about 70 per
cent. Other minerals include apatite, epidote, and possibly amphibole or pyroxene. Very
small amounts of sulphides are present, with pyrite in excess of chalcopyrite.
Vein No. 3 is intermittently exposed for 900 feet and has widths varying between
6 and 30 feet. Omitting sheets of country rock, the maximum and average width of this
vein are 13 feet and approximately 8 feet respectively.
Vein No. 4 is 7 feet wide at a point 60 feet north-northeast of the most easterly
exposure of vein No. 3. It can be followed for 300 feet west-northwest, where its width
is reported to increase to 30 feet. Because of caving of the trenches, only a vein 4 feet
wide is now visible in that direction.
In 1957 two holes were diamond drilled at minus 45 degrees to intersect the veins
from the north-northeast. Access to the cores in Vancouver was arranged by A. H.
Upton. Hole No. I, 605 feet long, is drilled from a point 300 feet slightly east of north
of the caved shaft and at about 20 feet less elevation. It intersects two veins whose
apparent widths are 5Vz and 9 feet respectively, five other veins of widths between JI/z
and 2 feet, and numerous veinlets less than I foot wide. The 5 112-foot intersection at 26
feet contains an estimated 80 per cent magnetite. The 9-foot intersection at 452 feet
contains an estimated 75 per cent magnetite and lies nearly vertically below an outcrop
of vein No. 3, whose width is there 12 feet. Two smaller veins at 269 feet have a combined apparent width of 6 feet, which includes 2 112 feet of country rock. Their estimated
contents of magnetite arc 75 and 60 per cent respectively.
Hole No. 2, 480 feet long, is drilled parallel to and approximately 415 feet eastsoutheast of hole No. I from a point whose elevation is about 40 feet less than that of the
near-by showings. It intersects one 18-foot section of diorite containing an estimated
40 per cent magnetite, five veins of apparent width between 2% and 4 2/.3 feet, seven veins
of width between 1 and 2 feet, and numerous veinlets. The 18-foot intersection at 457
feet is vertically below the eastern showing of vein No. 4. It contains small amounts of
chalcopyrite and is bounded by rock with little magnetite. The five veins of moderate
width are intersected in the interval 239 to 346 feet. All but one have magnetite contents
estimated between 70 and 80 per cent.
Copper
(50" !20° N.W.) Company office, 1116, 85 Richmond Street
West, Toronto. T. J. Day, president. This company holds 133
claims which lie mainly south of the Trans-Canada Highway between 8 and 11 miles west of Kamloops. Named the D.M. group,
the property surrounds the Cliff and Gift claims and the Afton
group, on which an old copper prospect known as the Pothook is situated.
In 1956 a geophysical survey of this property showed the presence of a very large
number of conducting zones. During 1957 Graham Bousquet Gold Mines Limited soilsampled most of the property and geologically mapped the whole of it. The work was
supervised by H. Darling.
BIRCH ISLAND*
D.M. (Graham
Bousquet Gold
Mines Limited)
Fluorite~Celestite-Uranium
(51 o 119° N.W.) Head office, 550 Sherbrooke Street West, MonRexspar Uranium treal; mine office, Birch Island. Philip Joseph, president, Man& Metals Mining treal; John W. Scott, manager, Birch Island. Capital: 6,500,000
Company Limited shares, $1 par value. The property is in the Red Ridge area, 2 to
3 miles south of Birch Island on the Canadian National Railway,
• By A. R. C. James.
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
32
81 miles by rail or 90 miles by road north of Kam1oops. The company holds 123 claims
and fractions, of which 40 claims and fractions are held by Crown-grant, 72 claims and
fractions by record, and 11 claims and fractions by lease from Deer Horn Mines Limited.
The property is on a north-sloping hillside at elevations ranging from 3,500 to
4,500 feet, and is accessible from Birch Island by a good road about 6 miles long. The
area is underlain by schists and slates that are probably of Precambrian age. Associated
with these rocks is a body of alkali feldspar porphyry. Within the porphyry are tabular
zones containing radioactive mineralization and fluorite. The presence of fluorite
together with other minerals has been known since 1918, and intermittent work has been
done since that time. Uranium mineralization was discovered in 1949, and the present
company has been active since 1950. The company reports that three uranium-bearing
orebodies have now been explored by extensive diamond drilling and limited underground
work. These are flat-lying lenses averaging 40 feet thick and situated around the
periphery of a prominent ridge east of Foghorn Creek. The company reports that the
aggregate tonnage proved up in these three zones, known as the A, B, and BD zones, is
approximately 1,650,000 tons, grading about 0.08 per cent U 3 0 8 . Other radioactive
showings are being investigated. The fluorite-celestite body on the same ridge has,
according to information supplied by the company, over 1,000,000 tons indicated by
diamond drilling. In 1957 work was continuous throughout the year. A crew averaging
fifteen men was employed; this was increased to a maximum of forty men in the middle
of the summer. Ninety-nine holes were diamond drilled, totalling 15,045 feet. A total
of 15,000 cubic yards of material was stripped by bulldozer on the various zones and
showings.
A Geiger counter survey was made of a twelve-claim area on the east flank of the
property. A considerable amount of preliminary work was done in preparation for the
construction of an aerial tramline and mill. This included clearing along 2 miles of the
tramline route and building access roads to the tower-sites. An additional 3 acres was
cleared at the plant-site, making a total of 13 acres cleared. The ground for a 700-foot
spur track was prepared and graded ready for track-laying. One and a half miles of
main road was relocated and gravelled, and 2 miles of open-pit access road was roughed
out. Aerial-tramline equipment was purchased and overhauled. Preliminary construction plans for the main leach plant, grinding plant, office, and warehouse were completed.
Work was in progress at the end of the year.
[Reference: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept. 1954, pp. 108-111.]
TULAMEEN RIVER*
SUMMIT CAMP (49° 121° S.E.)
Silver-Lead-Zinc
Company office, 800 Hall Building, Vancouver. Ralph J. Pranger,
president; Edward L. Borup, vice-president and managing director. This property is in the Summit camp, 21 miles by road southwest of Tulameen. It includes the old Dornberg mine (also known
as the Mary E or Silver King), as well as the old Jensen mine. All activity on this property ceased early in 1957 and there was no production. The 50-ton mill was dismantled
and removed in July.
Silver Hill
Mines Ltd.
t By A. R. C. James.
LODE METALS
33
COPPER MOUNTAIN*
Copper
(49' 120' S.W.) Head office, 1111 West Georgia Street, Vancouver. J. A. C. Ross, general manager, Copper Mountain; D. W.
Pringle, general superintendent; G. F. Camroux, mine superintendent. Underground development at Copper Mountain was discontinued in 1956 and open-pit mining was expanded. However,
early in 1957 it became evident tbat under conditions of declining
copper prices the mining of low-grade ore could not be continued,
and the mine was finally closed down on April 29th, together with the Allenby concentrator. Dismantling of the plant was continued for several months after the closing of the
mine. The total production from Copper Mountain has been 34,774,902 tons of ore.
Production in 1957 was 568,006 tons of ore, about half from the underground workings
and the remainder from open-pits Nos. 1, 2, and 5.
Copper Mountain
(The Granby Consolidated Mining
Smelting and Power
Company Limited)
HEDLEY*
Gold
(49' 120' S.E.) Company office, 314, 718 Granville Street,
Vancouver; mine office, Hedley. W. B. Burnett, president; J. S.
Biggs, mine superintendent. The French mine is on the Oregon
mineral claim, about 8 miles from Hedley and 1\12 miles east of
tbe Hedley-Nickel Plate road at an elevation of 3,900 feet.
The orebody consists of gold-bearing skarn. It is a generally flat-lying, northwesterly trending, irregular body approximately 620 feet long, from 40 to 80 feet wide, and
ranging up to 12 feet thick. The main part of the orebody is flat lying at the 3,920-foot
level, but at the easterly end it dips at about 35 degrees to the 3,785-foot level. Immediately below the 3,785-foot level it is cut off by the Cariboo fault. The flat-lying portion
of the orebody is now almost entirely mined out, and the reserves of the mine are at
present in tbe dipping part of the orebody at the easterly end and in a tongue of ore
toward the westerly end which projects downward to the 3,835-foot level. The adding
of new ore reserves would appear to depend on finding the extension of the orebody
beyond the Cariboo fault.
The showings were originally discovered in the early years of tbe century, but tbe
mineralization at the surface was mainly copper and the grade was low. Intermittent
development work was done, however, in the period from 1905 to 1917. In 1949
Kelowna Mines Hedley Limited optioned the property from F. H. French and associates
and drove a new adit on the 3920 level. The mine was brought into production in 1950
and continued to produce until 1955. In this period a total of 32,463 tons of ore was
mined, yielding 25,284 ounces of gold. In 1956 a controlling interest in the property
was acquired by The Cariboo Gold Quartz Mining Company Limited, and a new company, French Mines Ltd., was formed. Development work was resumed on July 12th,
1956. A new adit, the 3785 level, was driven for a distance of 700 feet to cut tbe downward extension of tbe orebody as indicated by diamond drilling from the 3920 level. The
old adit at the 3835 level, driven over forty years ago by the Granby Company, was rehabilitated and driven 429 feet to a total distance of 550 feet from the portal. A new
road was built to a point just below the 3785 level, which now forms the main haulage
level of the mine. Early in 1957 an ore-bin was built at this level. Construction of a
50-ton mill for extraction of the gold by cyanidation was begun in April, 1957, in the
Similkameen Valley just south of Hedley. Production began on August 26th.
The following underground development work was completed in 1957: Drifting,
363 feet; raising, 205 feet; crosscutting, 157 feet. A total of 4,394 tons of ore was
French (French
Mines Ltd.)
• By A. R. C. James.
3
34
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, !957
milled, yielding 1,940 ounces of gold and 120 ounces of silver. A crew of twenty men
was employed in the mine and milL
OLALLA*
Copper-Molybdenum
(49" 119" S.W.) In 1957 W. W. Geminder, of Olalla, acquired
Golconda
control of this group of claims, together with the adjoining Crowngranted Copper King claim. The property is on the south fork of
Olalla Creek, about three-quarters of a mile west of the highway.
There is a road into the property from the highway at Olalla.
The claim group is underlain by sedimentary rocks which are intruded by pyroxenite. Mineralization consists of quartz lenses with chalcopyrite and molybdenite in a fault
zone in pyroxenite. The property has been developed intermittently since 1899, and
small shipments of hand-cobbed copper-molybdenum ore were made in 1917 and 1922.
There are several adits on the claims.
In 1957 some cleaning out of the old tunnels was done, together with some opencutting on the Copper King claim. A small mill was erected on the property. This
work was begun on November 1st and was still in progress at the end of the year.
A crew of three men was employed.
[Reference: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept. 1946, pp. 126-132.]
FAIRVIEW CAMP*
Silit·a-Gold
(49" 119" S.W.) Head office, Trail; mine office, P.O. Box 337,
Oliver. G. S. Ogilvie, property superintendent. This mine is
about 5 miles west of Oliver at an elevation of 3,080 feet. Quartz
is mined and shipped to Trail for use as flux in the smelter. The
quartz contains a small amount of gold and other metals. The
orebody is a quartz vein, ranging in width up to about 25 feet,
striking northwestward and dipping about 35 degrees northeast in
the present working stapes. The ground is cut by many small faults and slips and is
difficult to hold in shrinkage-stope mining; it is the practice to leave large pillars for
support. The mine is at present worked from two adit levels. No. 6 level is the lowest
adit and the haulage level, near the portal of which are the dry-house, blacksmith-shop,
ore-bin, and compressor-house. No. 3 is the top level, and stoping is at present being
done above it.
Most of the ore produced in 1957 was mined from one large stope, the 305-GH.
A new stope, the 305-J, was prepared for production at the end of the year. Total
development consisted of 250 feet of drifting, 330 feet of raising, and 502 feet of box
holing. Operations were continuous throughout the year, and 31,874 tons of quartz
was shipped. A crew of sixteen men was employed at the mine.
In addition to the rock shipped from the Fairview mine, 1,057 tons of tailings was
shipped from the dump at the old Morning Star mill 2 miles west of Oliver.
Fairview (The
Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company of
Canada, Limited)
PEACHLAND*
Copper
(49" 120" N.E.) British Columbia office, 202, 2256 West
Twelfth Avenue, Vancouver. B. 0. Brynelsen, manager, Vancouver. The property comprises eighty-four claims held by record.
It lies east of Brenda Lake and around the headwaters of Peachland
Creek. Access is by road from Peachland. In 1957 Northwestern Explorations Limited participated in exploration of the property and was largely
responsible for carrying out the programme of work.
Brenda (Noranda
Exploration Company, Limited)
*By A. R. C. James.
LODE METALS
35
Mineralization is reported to consist of chalcopyrite and minor molybdenite in fractures in granitic rocks of the Similkameen-Okanagan batholith. Several small veins
carry a relatively high grade of mineralization. The 1957 exploration programme, however, was aimed at examining the possibilities of outlining a large low-grade deposit in
the area.
A camp was established at the property and was occupied from May 23rd to September 12th. A crew averaging eight men was employed under the supervision of
C. S. Ney. Geological mapping and geophysical and geochemical prospecting were
carried out, and seventy holes were diamond drilled, totalling 1,585 feet.
Copper-Lead-Zinc
(49° 119° N.W.) Company office, 700 Burrard Building, Burrard Street, Vancouver. J. A. Mitchell, exploration manager.
This property comprises sixteen claims held by record by R. Fulks
and Charles McDonald, of Peachland and Westbank respectively.
lt is 3 miles west of Peachland, between Peachland and Trepanege
Creek. The rock exposures are reported to range from syenite to pyroxenite and are
locally mineralized with disseminated pyrite, galena, sphalerite, and chalcopyrite.
Canadian Exploration Limited optioned the property in June, 1957. A crew
averaging four men was employed from June to August under the supervision ofT. S.
Smith. A total of 64,000 square feet of stripping was done by bulldozer to an average
depth of 4.5 feet. Eight holes were drilled by X-ray diamond drill, totalling 695 feet,
the holes ranging from 52 to 121 feet long. Because of disappointing results, the option
was given up in August.
ROCK CREEK*
Lakeview (Canadian Exploration
Limited)
Chromium
( 49° 119° S.E.)
Anarchist Chrome Company, 524 Lawrence
Anarchist Chromet Avenue, Kelowna, holds a large group of claims located in 1956.
The showings are one-quarter mile north of Highway No. 3 at the
Anarchist Summit, 2 miles west of Bridesville.
The showings are in rocks of the Anarchist group of probable Permian age, which,
near the showings, include limestone, metamorphosed chert, and limy siltstone and some
amphibolite. The rocks strike about north 10 degrees west and are tightly folded, with
axial planes overturned to the west.
The showings consist of small angular lenses of chromite which appear to be intrusive into limestone. No serpentine or other ultramafic rocks are seen in the immediate
vicinity except as float. The ore lenses are composed dominantly of chromite, but contain about 35 per cent antigorite and related minerals. Microscopically, the chromite
is translucent and has a brecciated texture. Typical ore has a chromium content of
26.7 per cent and a chromium-iron ratio of 3.15:1.
Exploration has consisted of a considerable amount of surface stripping and openpitting and some diamond drilling. A few hundred tons of ore· has been sorted for
shipment.
(49' 119' S.E.) Company office, 536 Howe Street, Vancouver.
Belchrome (Belair W. P. Watson, president, Vancouver. This is a private company
Mining Corpora- at present controlling the Belch rome property. The property comtion Ltd.)
prises the Bridon group of six claims held under option agreement
with B. A. Fenwick-Wilson, of Rock Creek, and twenty-eight
claims held by record. It is situated about 2 miles northeast of Baldy Mountain and 3
miles north of Camp McKinney. The route into the property is as follows: The old Camp
McKinney road, which leaves the Southern Trans-Provincial Highway at Rock Creek
" By A. R. C. James, except as noted.
t By A. Sutherland Brown.
36
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
canyon, is followed for 5 miles. The Jolly Creek trail (negotiable by motor traffic) is
then followed for 2 miles, and from this point a mine road has been constructed to the
property, a distance of 9 miles. The total distance from the main highway is 16 miles.
A camp has been established at a point 2 miles from the showings.
The principal showings are at an elevation of 6,500 feet on the Bridon Nos. 1, 2, 3,
and 4 claims near the headwaters of Rock Creek. The showings are on the summit of a
rounded ridge with steep upper slopes. The ridge summit is relatively bare of trees, but
otherwise the locality is quite heavily timbered.
The chromite showings were originally discovered many years ago, probably in the
early years of the present century, and, according to local information, the ground has
been restaked several times. Development work was restricted to open-cutting on the
outcrops of chromite rock, and there have been no recorded shipments of ore. There has
been no description of the property in any previous Annual Report. In 1956 the Bridon
group was located by B. A. Fenwick-Wilson, of Rock Creek, and was subsequently
optioned to the present company. Additional claims were located on ground adjoining
the Bridon group.
The claims are underlain by a northwest-trending tongue of metamorphosed sediments and volcanics of the Anarchist series. These are surrounded by a large mass of
granitic rocks of the Shuswap complex. In the area of the showings a zone of sheared
serpentine strikes north 30 degrees west along the top of the ridge and dips very steeply.
This zone is at least 300 feet wide and is bounded on the northeast side by banded reddish
quartzites, also dipping very steeply and striking northwestward. Overburden is thin and
outcrops are plentiful. The showings all occur in the highly sheared serpentine zone and
consist of lenses of chromite ranging from a few inches to 7 feet wide and from a few feet
to I 00 feet long. The most important showings occur over a length of 2,200 feet along
the top of the ridge and on the strike of the serpentine. These showings extend on either
side of the location line between the Bridon Nos. I, 2, 3, and 4 claims, with the most
extensive showings on Nos. 2 and 4 claims. The showings include seven main lenses,
as follows:A __
Length
Average Width
(Ft.)
(Ft.)
D_
F
G -------------------- -----------------H
40
90
20
20
25
70
100
4.0
1.7
3.0
2.5
4.0
3.0
5.0
Total_
365
3.4
B_
c
Lenses A toG were seen by the writer at the end of July. Lens H was uncovered
by stripping later in the season.
A grab sample of typical ore material from an open-cut on lens A assayed: Chromic
oxide, 30.21 per cent. A similar sample from lens B assayed: Chromic oxide, 28.25
per cent. These agree very closely with the results of sampling carried out by the
company. The writer was advised by the company that the chrome-iron ratio from a
composite sample was 1.84: 1.
Work on the property was carried out from May to November, with a crew averaging
fourteen men. Nine miles of road was constructed, and a camp to accommodate twentyfive men was built about 2 miles south of the showings. Plywood buildings erected
included bunk-houses, cook-house, machine-shop, wash-house, and power-house. Four
thousand feet of stripping and 1,600 feet of diamond drilling were completed. Further
work is planned for 1958.
37
LODE METALS
WEST BRIDGE*
Lead-Zinc
(49° 119° S.E.) Company office, 700 Burrard Building, Burrard
Street, Vancouver. J. A. Mitchell, exploration manager. The
property comprises six recorded claims and one Crown-grant lease
held by Mrs. Lillian Long, of Westbridge, and four recorded claims
ration Limited}
held by M. Wiley, of Westbridge. It is situated 2 miles northwest
of Westbridgc. The showings are reported to consist of argillite mineralized with disseminated pyrite, galena, sphalerite, and less chalcopyrite. The argillite is overlain by a
porphyry sill and the rocks are strongly faulted and folded. The greater part of the area
is covered by overburden.
The company optioned the property in April, 1957. A crew of two men was
employed for one month under the supervision of T. Smith. Some trenching and geological mapping were done. Mineralization was found to be disappointing and the option
was relinquished in June, 1957.
BEA VERDELL*
Jo Dandy
(Canadian Explo-
Silver-Lead-Zinc-Cadmium
Highland-Bell
(Highland-Bell
Limited)
( 49° !19° S.E.) Company office, 604, 789 West Pender Street,
Vancouver; mine office, Beaverdell. K. J. Springer, president,
Toronto; 0. S. Perry, manager; J. de Yaeger, mine superintendent;
A. D. Coggan, mill superintendent. The mine is at Beaverdell, 32
miles north of Rock Creek. The property consists of twenty-nine
Crown-granted claims and nine claims held by record. The mine at present consists of
two sections-the upper and lower workings. Both sections are in the same ore zone, but
are separated by a major fault known as the East Terminal fault, which dips 65 degrees to
the cast and has a vertical displacement of 800 feet; the upper workings are on the
hangingwall side of the fault and the lower workings are on the footwall side. The No. 4
adit, at 3,974 feet elevation on Wallace Mountain, is the main haulage level for the upper
mine. Access to the lower mine is by the 2900 adit level, which was completed in July,
1955. The portal of this adit is ! 1/2 miles by road northeasterly from the office at Beaverdell.
In 1957 extensive development work was carried out in the lower mine, both on
the 2900 and 3000 levels. A third raise, the 2905, was put up from the 2900 to the
3000 level. Stope preparation was carried out on the 3000 level. Development work
disclosed the presence of a fault on the southwest side of the workings, and at the end
of the year efforts were still being made to find the extension of the ore zone beyond the
fault.
In the upper mine, work was restricted mainly to the mining of pillars and remnants
of ore in old slopes. It is expected that operations in the upper mine will be finished
sometime in 1958.
The following is a summary of mining operations in 1957:Type of Work
Drifting __
--------------------Crosscutting _
______________ _
Raising
_______________ -------------------------·
Diamond drilling __ _
Ore mined ______________ .
I
------- ____________ ft.
______ tons
Upper Mine
174
174
I Lower Mine
1,103
167
510
364
2,641
10,50S
9,183
6,045
I
I
I
I
Total
1,103
684
531
11,284
16,550
Additions to plant included a secondary Symons cone crusher which was installed
in the crushing plant at the mill. A( the 2900 level portal, the 25-horsepower electric
motor driving the Sturtevant size No. 45 ventilating fan was replaced with a 40• By A. R. C. James.
38
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
horsepower motor. The fan was speeded up to 1,720 r.p.m. The air is conducted for
6,000 feet along the adit through a 20-inch duct, and after the change-over to a larger
motor about 6,000 cubic feet of air per minute was delivered at the end of the duct.
The ore from both mines is trucked to the mill, which is adjacent to a spur of the
Canadian Pacific Railway at Beaverdell. A total of 15,779 tons of ore was milled in
1957, an increase of 10 per cent over the 1956 production. At the end of the year a
crew of forty-three men was employed, of whom twenty-five were underground.
GREENWOOD*
Copper
( 49° 118° S.W.) Head office, 1024, 85 Richmond Street West,
Toronto. S. B. Landell, president, Toronto; J. Embury, manager,
Greenwood. The property is about 4 miles by road west of Greenwood. Open-pit mining in the area adjacent to the old Mother
Lode glory-hole was begun on January 20th, the work being carried
out at first under contract by the McClay Construction Company,
of Vancouver. The new 1,000-ton concentrator, built in 1956, went into operation on
January 26th. The concentrator worked intermittently through February, and toward
the end of that month was closed down for twelve days due to unsatisfactory disposal of
tailings. The concentrator was not operated at full capacity until about the middle of
May. In August, due to steadily falling copper prices and other factors, the company
went into bankruptcy and the property has remained inactive since then. It is estimated
that about 100,000 tons of ore was milled. A crew of seventy men was employed.
Mother Lode
(Woodgreen
Copper Mines
Limited)
PHOENIX*
Copper-Gold-Silver
(49° 118° S.W.) Company office, 1111 West Georgia Street,
Phoenix Copper Vancouver; mine offtce, Davis Block, Grand Forks. L. T. Postle,
Company Limited president, Vancouver; J. H. Parliament, manager, Grand Forks.
Capital, 3,000,000 shares, no par value. This company, a wholly
owned subsidiary of The Granby Consolidated Mining Smelting and Power Company
Limited, controls thirty-six claims in the Phoenix area. Twenty-one of these are Crowngranted claims held by option, in addition to which the company holds six other Crowngranted claims, eight recorded claims, and one retention lease. The Granby company
resumed work on this well-known property in 1955 after an interval of thirty-six years.
This renewal of interest was stimulated by the existing high price of copper and the possibility of cheap open-pit mining. Work on the property was continued throughout 1957,
although after July the number of men employed was greatly reduced and construction
work was slowed down. By the end of the year the crushing plant and concentrator
buildings were completed and the machinery for a 750-ton mill was being installed by
a small crew.
The compressor-house was completed, one 1 ,000-cubic-feet-per-minute compressor
was installed, and a 1,500-cubic-feet-per-minute capacity compressor was in course of
being installed. A repair-shop was completed and fitted out with machine tools. A main
water system was completed, with an electrically driven pump in the old Victoria shaft
supplying water from the old mine workings to the concentrator and to an 80,000-gallon
storage tank. A transmission-line and transformer-station were installed by the West
Kootenay Power Company and the main power distribution system was completed by the
company electrical crew. The warehouse, engineering office, and dry, built in 1956, were
stocked and furnished ready for use. Most of the above-mentioned machinery and equipment was transferred from the company's property at Copper Mountain and Allenby.
• By A. R. C. James.
LODE METALS
Victoria shaft and ore--bins of the Granby company, Phoenix, in 1907.
39
(Provincial Archives.)
Victoria shaft, Phoenix, just before the headframe was demolished in 1957.
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
40
In the first half of the year a total of 54,000 tons of overburden and waste rock was
removed from the Snowshoe area. During this operation 4,900 tons of ore was sorted
and stockpiled at the concentrator.
Geological mapping of underground workings and surface was continued. Stripping,
open-cutting, and geological mapping were carried out on located claims.
A total crew of forty men was employed to the middle of July. At that time the
crew was drastically cut as, due to falling copper prices, the development programme was
slowed down. At the end of the year a crew of fourteen was employed. In addition, a
crew of about forty men was employed on construction work by contracting companies in
the summer months. No living accommodation is provided at the mine, the crew being
transported to the mine from Grand Forks.
ROSSLAND*
Gold-Copper
(49° 117° S.W.) Company office, 614 West Pender Street, VanVelvet (Mid-West com•er; mine office, Box 69, Rossland. M. F. Maxwell, president;
Copper & Uranium A. G. Pentland, director and consultant; S. J. Anderson, manager.
Mine Ltd.)
Capital: 4,000,000 shares, 50 cents par value. This company
owns the old Velvet mine on the Rossland-Cascade Highway, 13
miles west of Rossland. Former operators had developed the steeply dipping Velvet
vein by a vertical shaft and a lower adit, No. 8, which was connected by raises to No. 6
level, the bottom shaft level. Most of the past production was from above No. 4 level.
The present owners started development work in 1955. A new 150-ton mill was erected
and milling started in November, 1956.
A new orebody, or possibly the extension of the Velvet vein, was located on No. 7
level. Chalcopyrite mineralization was quite massive where encountered, but the walls
were indefinite and the orebody was difficult to delineate. Two stapes, each mined for
a length of 80 feet, indicated the orebody at these points to be flat lying, 15 feet thick, and
40 feet wide. This ore was mined by open sloping and removed by scrapers to ore-passes
driven from the No. 8 or main haulage level. At the portal of No. 8 level, a gravity tram
lowered the ore to the mill in the bottom of Sheep Creek valley.
Four other veins are known to exist in the footwall, and parallel to the old Velvet
vein. Not much work has been done on them other than to establish their position by
diamond drilling and crosscutting, mainly on No. 3 level. The Dick Rowe vein, closest
to the Velvet vein, appeared to be the most promising. A crosscut was driven to this vein
on No. 4 level and a raise driven to No. 3 level.
The mill operated at partial capacity. The concentrates were trucked to Northport,
Wash., for rail shipment to the Tacoma smelter. All operations ceased in August, after
which time only watchmen were employed. A maximum of fifty were employed previous
to the shut-down.
Lead-Zinc
(49° 117° S.W.) These two Crown-granted claims, owned by
J. A. Ruelle, of Rossland, are just south of the Velvet mine.
A mineralized fissure zone in granite, 8 feet wide, is exposed on the
new access road connecting the No. 8 portal of the Velvet mine to the Rossland-Cascade
Highway. Oxidation within the fissure is nearly complete. Galena, sphalerite, and
limonite are the noticeable minerals. In 1957 an adit 50 feet below the showing was
driven about 40 feet.
L'Nora, X-Ray
• By I. W. Peck.
LODE METALS
41
Gold
(49' 117° S.W.) The Cariboo, Bannock, Elinor, Camden, and
Nugget Crown-granted claims are controlled by a syndicate consisting of B. Hunt, A. Simm, E. Tomich, R. Foyle, and H. Thorsteinson. The main workings are on the Cariboo claim and are reached by a steep road
three-quarters of a mile long from a point on the Rossland-Cascade Highway 1 mile west
of Rossland. A 60-degree shaft has been sunk 60 feet to develop a quartz vein. From
a drift 30 feet long at the bottom, sloping has been done in the past to a height of 25
feet. Recent work has included rehabilitating the workings, erecting a small headframe,
and installing a gasoline-powered hoist. The drift at the shaft bottom was driven a few
feet. The vein here was nearly vertical, up to 4 feet wide, with 18 inches of gold-bearing
pyrrhotite on the footwall. A few tons of ore was sorted from this work.
Cariboo
(49° 117' S.W.) Company office, 605 Howe Street, Vancouver.
S. A. Liening, Seattle, Wash., president. Capital: 5,000,000
shares, $1 par value. This company was formed late in 1956 to
develop a group of old Crown-granted claims west of Rossland.
The main workings are on the Midnight, I.X.L., and O.K. claims
and are accessible by a road 1\6 miles long which leaves the Rossland-Cascade Highway one-quarter mile west of Rossland. A small amount of drifting
was done in the O.K. mine, but this work disclosed nothing of importance. M. Doran
was in charge, with two men employed. All work ceased in April.
O.K., Midnight,
I.X.L. (Midnight
Consolidated
Mines Ltd.)
TRAIL*
Gold
(49° 117° S.W.) This claim, owned by E. Wells and F. Donelly,
of Trail, is in the Columbia River valley, 4 1/2 miles by road east
of the Trail bridge. It was at one time known as the Casino Red
Cap and was last worked in 1951. The inain workings consist of open-cuts and a 50foot crosscut adit. About 400 feet to the north an adit has recently been driven on a
small fissure reported to contain high gold values. The mine plant consisted of a portable
compressor and an ore-bin. Work was done intermittently, and the ore obtained was
trucked to the Trail smelter. Production: Ore shipped, 87 tons. Gross content: Gold,
50 oz.; lead, 388 lb.; zinc, 200 lb.
W. D.
NELSON*
Gold-Silver-Lead
(49° 117' S.E.) This Crown-granted claim is owned by B. A.
Pickering and G. S. Strong, of Nelson. It is on the west side of
Sandy Creek and was made accessible in 1957 by the construction
of 1Yz miles of road from a point on the Eureka mine road near the upper Eureka portal.
This portal is 3 miles from the Kerrville concentrator, which is 7 miles west of Nelson.
The workings range in elevation from 4,075 to 4,150 feet. A quartz vein 6 to 12 inches
wide, on a granite-schist contact, has been developed in the past by two adits, 50 feet
apart vertically and each approximately 125 feet long. A stope-raise connects the adits.
The vein strikes south I 0 degrees west and dips 45 degrees to the east. There is a parallel
vein 100 feet east on which an adit has been driven 20 feet. Recent work has consisted
of bulldozer stripping above the upper adit of the main vein. Here the vein was as much
as 18 inches wide, but it was broken up and the continuity was uncertain. A grab sample
taken of material blasted from the vein assayed: Gold, 1.30 oz. per ton; silver, 1.3 oz.
per ton; lead, 5.09 per cent.
·
Golden Eagle
• By J. W. Peck.
42
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
The Heinze smelter on the Columbia River at the mouth of Trail Crecek in
the s.tart of the Trail sme-lter. tProvincial Archive'S.)
The Trail smelter and metaHurg[cal work:>. 1949.
1~96.
This was
LODE METALS
43
Silver-Lead-Zinc
(49° 117" S.E.) The Vera No. 1 Fraction, Vera No. 2, Yankee
Fraction, Yankee, and Yankee No. 1 are recorded claims covering
the area of the cancelled Crown-granted Morning, Evening,
Pacific, and Cumberland claims. They are owned by R. Palmer, of Nelson. The claims
are west of the Silver King group and are accessible by I mile of jeep-road and 1 mile of
blazed trail from a point on the Silver King mine road 8 miles from Nelson. A series of
open-cuts was made in an effort to locate the source of galena float. One open-cut, at
an approximate elevation of 5,600 feet, exposed a showing 10 feet wide of banded calcite,
quartz, minor galena, and schist wallrock believed to be in place. One grab sample taken
of the best material blasted from this showing assayed: Gold, trace; silver, 0.3 oz. per
ton; lead, 0.09 per cent; zinc, 0.59 per cent. A small percentage of manganese was
contained in this sample.
Vera
HALL CREEK (49' 117' S.E.)
Gold
This property is owned by W. Rozan and associates, of Nelson.
It is on the summit between Fortynine and Hall Creeks and is
reached by 15 miles of road from Nelson up Fortynine Creek.
Quartz veins in granite have been developed by two adits containing a total of about 500
feet of drifting and crosscutting. Most of this work was done prior to 1954. In the
lower adit some sections of the vein contain soft iron sulphides with high gold values.
A shipment was made to the Trail smelter in 1957.
Production: Ore shipped, 9 tons. Gross content: Gold, 30 oz.; silver, 8 oz.; lead,
37 lb.; zinc, 37 lb.
[Reference: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rep!., 1954, p. 124.]
Sun Fraction
YMIR*
Gold-Silver-Lead-Zinc
(49' 117° S.E.) Company office, 1221 Cedar Avenue, Trail.
Goodenough, Ymir W. L. Ashmus, president; Mrs. K. Lenhardt, Waukeshaw, Wis.,
(Americonda Mines secretary-treasurer; W. Geist, manager. Capital: 200,000 shares,
Limited)
$5 par value. This company holds under option the Goodenough
and Ymir mines on Ymir Creek, 6 miles by road northeast of
Ymir. The only work done was in the No. 2 adit of the Goodenough mine, where an
exploratory raise was put up 20 feet from the back of an old stope. Three men were
employed.
SALMO*
ERIE CREEK (49' 117' S.E.)
Gold-Silver-Lead-Zinc
Company office, 609 Baker Street, Nelson. J. A. Russell, Edmonton, president. Capital: 3,500,000 shares, $1 par value. This
company owns the Arlington mine on Rest Creek, 7 miles by road
from Salmo. A 125-ton mill on site was operated previously to
1954, treating dump material. In 1957 G. D. Fox and R. W.
Linn, of Trail, working under a lease arrangement, made a clean-up at the mill and
shipped to the Trail smelter.
Arlington (New
Arlington Mines
Limited)
"'By J. W. :Peck.
44
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, I957
SHEEP CREEK (49° 117° S.E.)
Gold
This mine is part of the old Reno holdings in the Sheep Creek
camp. It is owned by A. Endersby, of Fruitvale, who has worked
the property intermittently for several years. Recent work has
been in the upper Nugget workings, which are reached by 6 miles of road from the main
Sheep Creek road. Air for drilling is supplied through 2 miles of pipe by the old waterdriven compressor which is installed in fhe Reno mill building on the north bank of
Sheep Creek. As in 1956, mining was done in the Calhoun vein on No. 4 level, about
1,100 feet from the portal. Stoping reached a height of 30 feet on the nearly vertical
quartz vein, which ranged in width from 6 inches to 2 feet. Ore was sorted and trucked
to the Trail smelter.
IRON MOUNTAIN (49° !17° S.E.)
Lead-Zinc-Tungsten
Head office, 700 Burrard Building, Vancouver; mine office, Salmo.
Emerald, Jersey, G. A. Gordon, general manager; J. D. Little, assistant general
Dodger, Feeney manager; C. M. McGowan, plant superintendent; D. N. Hogarth,
(Canadian Explora- mine superintendent; H. A. Steane, general mill superintendent;
R. A. MacLeod, superintendent, tungsten concentrator; E. A.
tion Limited)
Erickson, superintendent, lead-zinc concentrator. This company
is a wholly owned subsidiary of Placer Development Limited. The Emerald, Feeney,
Dodger, and Jersey mines, the tungsten concentrator, and the main camp are located on
the summit between Sheep Creek and Lost Creek. The property is reached by two roads
which leave the Nelson-Nelway Highway 4 and 5V2 miles respectively south of Salmo.
The lead-zinc concentrator is on the Nelson-Nelway Highway and is served from the
mine by a series of surface and underground conveyors. The average number of employees was 340, a decrease of twenty from the average for 1956.
Emerald.-This mine produced the majority of the tungsten ore. Most of it came
from the large open-pits where the outcrop has been stripped for a length of about 1,500
feet. Most of the ore remnants above the 3800 or lowest adit were almost mined out
by this method at the end of 1957. Below the 3800 level the orebody has been fully
developed by a 32-degree inclined three-compartment winze which was being sunk in
the footwall of the trough of the orebody to the 2730 level. The trough plunges southward and is formed where the easterly dipping contact between black argillite and limestone is cut off on the east by granite. Scheelite-bearing skarn bands occur in the trough
and also on the limbs as much as 100 feet above the trough. Except near the bottom
of this winze-orebody, only the east limb has been productive. The limbs are mined
5 to 15 feet wide by open-stope and slusher methods. The orebody in the winze is
smaller in size than it is above the 3800 level, but a higher grade has been maintained.
Feeney.-This tungsten mine, 800 feet north of the northern end of the Emerald
workings, has been idle since 1955 and is considered about mined out.
Dodger.-The Dodger 4400 tungsten mine, with a portal elevation of 4,405 feet,
has been developed by a 14- by 15-foot adit driven south 1,050 feet. Ore has been
mined from above and below this adit. In 1957 an orebody on the east side of the adit
was mined to surface. By the end of 1957 most of the known ore in this mine had been
removed, a total of 127,000 tons since mining started in 1952. The ore is transported
by diesel trucks to the top of an ore-pass near the Dodger 4200 portal, leading to an
underground crusher on the 3800 level of the Emerald mine.
The Dodger 4200 tungsten mine is 5,000 feet southwest of the Dodger 4400 mine.
A 14- by 15-foot crosscut adit, with a portal elevation of 4,125 feet, has been driven
east for 2,500 feet. From near the end of the crosscut a drift of similar size extends
north for 1,950 feet. The end of the drift is connected by raises and via the 4300 level
to the Dodger 4400 mine. Irregularly shaped orebodies have been mined above the
Nugget
LODE METALS
45
main drift over a length of 1,500 feet. By the end of 1957 most of the known ore had
been removed, a total of 158,000 tons since the start of mining in this ore zone in 1954.
Invincible.-This claim is north of the Feeney and west of the Dodger 4400 mine.
Thirty-four diamond-drill holes drilled during the past three years indicated the presence
of a tungsten orebody 800 to 900 feet below the surface. This indicated orebody,
according to company reports, contains 386,000 tons grading 0.83 per cent tungstic
oxide. A start was made on the sinking of a 900-foot vertical shaft. A large hoist was
obtained and a foundation for it was established on surface. A large adit was driven to
allow the construction of underground ore pockets. All work ceased in October because
of the discouragement of low world prices.
Tungsten Concentrator.-This mill is near the 3800 portal of the Emerald mine.
It can receive ore by track haulage from the Emerald mine, by conveyor from the underground crusher on the Emerald 3800 level, or by truck from outside sources. The milling
rate averaged over 15,000 tons per month, a decrease from 1956. The grade of ore
was also lower. Ali tungsten concentrates continued to be sold to the United States
Government under contract.
Jersey.-This lead-zinc mine extenda through Iron Mountain in a northerly direction
from the Lost Creek slope. The ore zones occur in dolomitized limestone along folds
which rise gently to the north. There are seven ore zones now recognized, named from
west to east A, B, C, D,
F, and G. The A ore zone, with long axis striking almost
due north, has been fully developed from the south end of the Jersey mine to a point
north of the old Emerald lead-zinc mine, a distance of 5,000 feet. The B, C, and D
ore zones, each with long axis striking somewhat east of north, have not been developed
more than 2,000 feet north of their outcrop on the Lost Creek slope. The E, F, and G
ore zones lie farther to the east and are not distinguishable at the south end of the mine.
They are 2,000, 1,500, and 1,000 feet long respectively.
The ore zones vary greatly in thickness. At places the A zone is over 70 feet thick,
whereas the E, F, and G zones are 8 to 10 feet thick. Most of the production was by
trackless mining using room-and-pillar methods, the ore being removed by diesel trucks
and loaders. Ore is trucked via the 4200 Jersey adit to the top of the ore-pass beside
the tungsten ore-pass near the Dodger 4200 portal. Both ore-passes lead to the underground crusher on the 3800 level of the Emerald mine. The remainder, 30 per cent of
the production, was from the track area at the south end of the mine, where ore is mined
by open-sloping and moved to draw points by slushers. The main haulage was on the
4000 level, where a diesel-electric locomotive transported the ore to the ore-pass system
above the underground crusher in the Emerald 3800 level.
The following diesel equipment bas been approved for underground use: 6 Dart
10-ton dump trucks, 7 Koehring 8-ton Dumptors, 5 Eimco overhead loaders, I AllisChalmers HD 9 loader, 1 Euclid 10-ton dump truck, 1 Caterpillar DW-10 and Landis
Wagon, 3 track-mounted drilling jumbos, 1 Caterpillar 212 grader, 1 Michigan tractor
shovel, 2 Caterpillar D-7 bulldozers, 2 LeRoi 500 D compressors, 1 Ingersoll-Rand UD24
compressor, 1 Mercedes-Benz diesel-electric locomotive, 1 Trump Industrial Giraffe.
The operation of diesel equipment underground has necessitated the circulation of
larger flows of air than is required in other methods of mining. This has been accomplished by the installation of large underground fans, numerous connections of mine
workings, and by large fan pipe ventilation of dead-end areas. The total amount of
air entering the Dodger and Jersey mines was 150,000 cubic feet per minute, which was
more than sufficient for any combination of the diesel equipment used.
Lead-Zinc Concentrator.-This mill operated at near capacity of 2,000 tons per
day, but only on a four-day week. The best month was October, when 41,000 tons was
milled. The grade of ore was about 3.5 per cent zinc and 1.5 per cent lead. The
concentrates were shipped to Kellogg, Idaho.
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
46
AsPEN CREEK ( 49'
117" S.E,)
Silver-Lead-Zin(:
J. C. MacLean, property superintendent; H. G. Barker, mine
superintendent; N. Doyle, mill superintendent. The H.B. mine
is on the west side of Aspen Creek, with the main camp located
on the north side of Sheep Creek, 7 miles by road from Salmo.
Zinc-lead dolomite replacement orebodies have been developed by
two adits connected by an interior two-compartment vertical shaft.
The hoistroom is on the top or 3500 level, and the main haulage
is the bottom or 2800 level. Long ore-pass systems extend from the 2800 level to the
ore zones. Most of the production came from two ore bodies above the 3 300 level,
where mining was done by blast holing to pillar slots above slusher drifts. In plan the
orebodies arc roughly parallel to each other, about 150 feet apart, and have a rake to
the south of about 20 degrees. In cross-section they are lenticular, with nearly vertical
sides. The average width is 50 feet, and the maximum height is 350 feet. The No. 1
or East ore body has been developed over a length of 1,000 feet. The northern half of
this block was about mined out at the end of 1957. The No. 2 or West orebody was
being mined over a length of 500 feet. Some production also came from a smaller but
higher-grade orebody situated between the East and West orebodies.
The milling rate averaged 37,500 tons per month, the highest in the Nelson district.
This was an increase above that of 1956. The average number employed decreased
slightly to 130.
NELWAY*
Silver-Lead-Zinc
(49' 117° S.E.) Company office, 413 Granville Street, VancouReeves MacDonald ver; mine office, Remac. W. L. Zeigler, Metaline Falls, Wash.,
Mines Limited
general manager; L. M. Kinney, Metaline Falls, Wash., general
superintendent; F. R. Thompson, property superintendent; J.
Kozar, mine superintendent; J. S. Steele, mill superintendent. Capital: 3,000,000
shares, $1 par value. This company owns the Reeves MacDonald mine on the Pend
d'Oreille River, on the Nelway-Waneta road, 4 miles west of Nelway. Zinc-lead replacement orebodies have been developed from the main haulage 1900 level. At 3,500 feet
from the portal the Reeves ore body, which has furnished most of the production, has
been developed by an interior 55-degree inclined shaft which extends to the 2650 adit
level. Except for lower-grade marginal sections, the orebody has been nearly mined out
from the 1950 scram level to surface above the 2650 level. However, a considerable
tonnage remained in the horizontal and vertical pillars, and pillar recovery accounted for
more than 50 per cent of all production in 1957. The remainder of the production came
from the O'Donnell orebody, which is 7,000 feet from the portal on the 1900 level. This
orebody bottoms on the 1900 level and is believed to be a faulted section of the Reeves
orebody. It is developed by a large service raise to the old O'Donnell adit or 2350 level.
Six levels have been driven from this raise, the lowest or 1970 level being the scram drift.
The ore was removed by blasting to pillar slots above this drift, similar to the mining
method used in the Reeves orebody. By the end of 1957 the ore had been mined out to
the 2250 level.
Exploration continued on the Reeves orebody below the 1900 level. The 52-degree
inclined winze which was sunk in 1953 to the 1500 level was further sunk to the 1100
level. A Cryderman mucker was used in this work. About 200 feet from the bottom,
ore was encountered in the hangingwall, and the winze was steepened at this point to 62
degrees. Other development was in the B.L. section of the mine. The B.L. orebody is
also thought to be a faulted upper section of the Reeves orebody. Development previous
H.B. (The
Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company of
Canada, Limited)
• By J. W. Peck.
LODE METALS
47
to 1957 consisted of driving a 1,200-foot drift on the 2350 Reeves level to reach the
bottom of this orebody. In 1957 a raise was driven to surface 250 feet vertically above.
A scram drift was driven 10 feet above the 2350 level, and production from this area was
under way by the end of the year.
The mill operated continuously at an average rate of 33,500 tons per month. Millheads averaged 3.7 per cent zinc and 1.3 per cent lead. Concentrates were shipped to
smelters in the United States. The number employed averaged 135.
SOUTH KOOTENAY LAKE*
NEXT CREEK (49° 1!6° S.W.)
Gold-Silver-Lead-Zinc
Company office, 530 Rogers Building, Vancouver; mine office,
Spokane (Rimrock Cranbrook. D. J. Fulton, president; E. H. Berquist, manager.
Mining Corpora- Capital: 5,000,000 shares, no par value. This mine, formerly
tion Limited)
owned by K. K. Laib, is on Wall Mountain, 18 miles by road from
Tye. A steeply dipping vein in granodiorite has been developed by
several adits, the main one being No. 4, which is at the upper terminal of a small tramline. A new crosscut adit, No. 5, has been driven intermittently by different operators
since 1949. In 1956 a vein was intersected 170 feet from the portal and a short drift was
driven on it to the south. The new owners commenced work in August. The crosscut was
driven ahead 6 feet and another vein was intersected. Drifting was done to the south on
this vein, which is an oxidized fissure 30 inches wide containing mostly decomposed
wallrock. High gold values are reported to be contained in a narrow soft oxidized zone
adjacent to both walls. A raise will have to be driven to No. 4 level to determine if this
is the same vein that in the past was productive above No. 4 level.
On the surface, living quarters and a compressor-house were built. Six men were
employed.
SUMMIT CREEK (49° !16° S.W.)
This mine, 22 miles by road from Tye, is on Bayonne Creek, a
southerly flowing tributary of Summit Creek. The first 17 miles of
road are good, but the last 5 miles are only passable with a tractor
or a vehicle with four-wheel drive. The mine and plant were owned by Bayonne Consolidated Mines Limited, which last operated the property in 1946. Since then lessees have
carried on intermittent work. In 1957 the property was escheated to the Crown. The
machinery was sold by public tender in November to Rogers and Coombs, of Vancouver.
Bayonne
SANCA (49° !16° S.W.)
Silver-Lead-Zinc
Head office, Rogers Building, Vancouver, and 307 Sixth Avenue
Lakeview (BiuWest, Calgary, Alta.; mine office, Boswell. This company remont Mines Ltd.)t tained its option on the Lakeview property of five claims on the
east shore of Kootenay Lake, immediately south of Sanca Creek.
The No. 2 level south drift was extended a distance of 50 feet to a total length of 680
feet. Two hundred feet of diamond drilling was done in three holes.
BOSWELL (49° 116° S.W.)
This property, comprising six located claims, is on a steep mountainside one-quarter mile east of Dark Canyon Creek, the first
south-flowing tributary of Akokli Creek east of its mouth. The
claims were under option to W. Schwartzcnhauer, of Castlegar, and development work
was done on them by L. H. Bettin, of Vancouver.
Hope*
"'By J. W. Peck, except as noted.
t By J. E. Merrett.
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
48
The access road, 2 1/2 miles long, was completed from the Glacier Logging Company
road to the mine. A crew of three men extended the surface stripping and drove 80 feet
of drift on the vein. Twelve and one-half tons of ore was shipped to the Bunker Hill
smelter at Kellogg, Idaho.
NORTH KOOTENAY LAKE*
CRAWFORD CREEK
(49' 116' N.W.)
Silver-Lead
This property of two recorded claims is on the northwest slope of
the ridge between Hooker and Canyon Creeks, tributaries to Crawford Creek. D. Bentley, of the Dolores-Dorothy Exploration and
Mining Company Limited, optioned the property from J. W. Mulholland, of Nelson.
A tractor-road, I \6 miles long, was constructed over the original pack-horse trail, and
1,500 feet of surface stripping along the vein was done by bulldozer. Work was suspended when the vein mineralization was found to be of low grade.
Santa Fet
DEANSHAVEN
(49' 116' N.W.)
Silvt•r·Lead-Zinc
R. Deane, of Rossland, optioned this property (also called Richard
the First) to Messrs. Shugarman and D. Smith, of Edmonton, Alta.
Three carloads of ore, totalling 124 tons, were shipped to the
Bunker Hill smelter at Kellogg, Idaho. The weights and grades of the shipments were
as follows:Berengariat
Lot No.
I
2 ..
3
I Dry Weight
I
Silver
Lead
Zinc
Iron
Lb.
Oz. per Ton
Per Cent
Per Cent
PerC ont
58,860
99,142
89,900
1.6
7.4
9.85
28 ..8
5.4
6.5
8.3
6.5
8.2
32. 5
RIONDEL
2.1
28. 6
(49' 116' N.W.)
Silver-Lead-Zinc
Company office, Trail; mine office, Riondel. D. S. Campbell,
property superintendent; J. B. Donald, mine superintendent; T. F.
Walton, mill superintendent. This property is at Riondel on a
small peninsula on the east shore of Kootenay Lake, 6 miles by
road north of the ferry landing at Kootenay Bay. The ore deposits
are sulphide replacement bodies in a limestone band that crosses
the peninsula and dips westward under the lake. The Bluebell ore
zone is in the central part, the Comfort near the north, and the Kootenay Chief ore zone
is at the south end of the peninsula. The early history of the property was given in the
Annual Report for 1949, in which year extensive development was begun.
Mining and development operations were confined to the Comfort and Kootenay
Chief ore zones, most of the work being done in the latter area. Development work
completed in 1957 was as follows: 3,203 feet of drifting, 2,500 feet of crosscutting,
4,070 feet of raising, and 15,852 feet of diamond drilling. The development work was
done on all levels from the 225 level to the 875 level.
In December, 1957, the average daily amount of water pumped from the mine was
3,257,000 imperial gallons (2,262 gallons per minute). To assist in removing this large
quantity of water, two new !50-horsepower 500-gallons-per-minute pumps were added
to four similar units at the 525 level pumping-station and two new 40-horsepower 300Bluebell (The
Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company of
Canada, Limitedlt
* By J. W. Peck, except as noted.
t By J. E. Merrett.
LODE METALS
49
gallons-per-minute pumps were added to the 675 level pumping station. The thermal
water, entering the bottom of No. 1 shaft at the rate of 1,000 gallons per minute, was
brought under control by pouring a massive concrete bulkhead close to tbe shaft bottom.
Diamond drilling was done in this vicinity to establish the location of the water conduit
and to assist in the cement grouting of fissures.
The induced ventilation of the mine was increased to 150,000 cubic feet of air per
minute by the installation of three 60-horsepower 48-inch-diameter Woods Aerofoil fans,
each of 50,000 cubic feet per minute capacity. The increase was made to remove the
carbon dioxide gas infiowing with the thermal water at the bottom of No. 1 shaft.
A total of 29,848 cubic yards of backfill was placed in empty stapes. This amount
was composed of 16,8 85 cubic yards of gravel, 1,146 cubic yards of mine waste, and
11,817 cubic yards of deslimed tailings. Three Dorclone desliming units were installed
in the mill, and a steel sand-storage tank of approximately 300 tons capacity was erected
near by. This equipment was put into use in October, and the sand produced was conducted underground by way of large-bore diamond-drill holes.
The jig-tailings recovery operation on the deep deposit in Bluebell Bay was suspended in the spring by Inland Dredging Ltd., of Calgary, after 530 tons of tailings was
recovered.
Through the combined efforts of all employees, the safety programme was successful
in achieving an accident-free record. Mine-rescue and first-aid classes were held in tbe
spring. The mine-rescue team, captained by J.D. McDonald, was successful in winning
both the West Kootenay and Provincial Mine Rescue Competitions.
The average number of persons employed was 295, of whom 163 were employed
underground.
The concentrator milled 256,118 tons of ore, including 530 tons of reclaimed tailings. The concentrates were shipped to the Trail smelter.
AINSWORTH
(49' 116' N.W.)
Silver-Lead-Zinc
This is a recorded claim astride Coffee Creek, adjacent to the
Coffee Creek bridge on the Nelson-Kaslo Highway. The owner, S.
Hallgren, of Ainsworth, has worked intermittently since 1950
developing a fissure vein exposed on the north side of Coffee Creek just west of the highway bridge. A lower adit has been driven above high-water mark for about 100 feet.
An adit 30 feet vertically above it has been driven 20 feet. The vein is about 1 foot
wide, mineralized with small lenses of galena and sphalerite.
In December, Bruce Plummer, of Columbia Falls, Mont., obtained an option and
started underground operations. A small mining plant is on site.
[Reference: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept., 1950, p. 136.]
Belle Aire
Company office, 525 Seymour Street, Vancouver; mine office,
Highlander, etc. Ainsworth. H. W. Knight, president; P. E. Olson, mine manager;
(Yale Lead & Zinc E. Pickard, mine superintendent; C. Anderson, mill superintenMines Limited)
dent. Capital: 5,000,000 shares, $1 par value. This company
controls most of the claims lying between Coffee and Cedar Creeks
in the Ainsworth camp. The crushing plant, mill, and main haulage adit are below, and
the mine plant and old Highlander adit are above the Nelson-Kaslo Highway, about
three-quarters of a mile south of Ainsworth.
The Highlander mine is serviced by the old Highlander or 2150 level adit and by
tbe main haulage or 1900 level adit. Both levels explore for several thousand feet the
7-foot-wide Highlander ore-bearing shear which strikes north-south and dips 45 degrees
west. Two main ore zones, the Albion and Banker, have been developed by raises and
sublevels through to surface several hundred feet above. The Albion ore zone, which is
4
50
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
in the south end of the workings, bottomed 60 feet above the 1900 level and was almost
mined out by the end of 1957. The Banker ore zone at the north end of the workings
continued to produce from ore remnants above the 2150 level, but these were becoming
more difficult to find. Below the 2150 level the 1900 level was being driven toward the
expected projection of the Banker ore zone. Another orebody was located on the 1900
level between the Albion and Banker zones; it was rapidly put into production. All
mining was by open sloping with support furnished by numerous pillars, stulls, and roof
bolts. Diesel locomotives are used on the 1900 and 2150 levels.
The mill operated continuously at about 5,300 tons per month. Mill-heads averaged
5 per cent lead and 1.3 per cent zinc. The crew was reduced from eighty at the beginning
of the year to sixty-five at the end of 1957.
This old Crown-granted claim is part of the holdings of Yale Lead
It was under lease to T. Lane, of Ainsworth, who made a shipment to the Trail smelter. Production:
Ore shipped, 4 tons. Gross content: Silver, 107 oz.; lead, 5,493 lb.; zinc, 100 lb.
Spokane
& Zinc Mines Limited.
Company office, 850 West Hastings Street, Vancouver; mine office,
Kootenay Florence, Ainsworth. H. M. Wright, president; H. M. Turner, superintenLakeshore (Western dent. Capital: 3,000,000 shares, $1 par value. This company
Mines Limited)
owns a large group of claims lying south of Lendrum Creek and
astride Princess Creek. The mine plant and mill are on the NelsonKaslo Highway, 2 miles north of Ainsworth. Since 1954 The Consolidated Mining and
Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, has been carrying out an exploratory programme
with a view to gaining eventual control of the property. In 1957 the results of surface
diamond drilling done in the preceding years was investigated at a lower horizon by
underground work in the old Lakeshore mine. This adit (elevation, 2,520 feet) was
rehabilitated throughout its length of about 850 feet. A total of 700 feet of drifting,
crosscutting, and raising was done from the end of the adit workings. One surface hole
was intersected, and it was shown to have been drilled parallel to a narrow mineralized
fissure from which replacement had extended for a few feet into the limestone walls.
Additional exploration consisted of 1,400 feet of underground diamond drilling in eight
holes.
Compressed air for drilling was provided by a surface line from the Kootenay Florence plant. A diesel locomotive was used for haulage. Ten men were employed under
the direction of M. N. Anderson. All work ceased in September.
Company office, 355 Burrard Street, Vancouver. S. A. Liening,
Seattle, Wash., president; C. Lind, manager. Capital: 3,000,000
shares, $1 par value. This company owns a group of recorded and
Crown-granted claims south of Lendrum Creek and west of the
property of Western Mines Limited. The main workings are about
3 miles by road from the Kootenay Florence camp. Since 1954 a small crew has been
employed on the underground development of fissure veins on the Noranda claim of the
Hercules group. Recent work has been the extension of an adit on the Silver Glance
Crown-granted claim with the object of intersecting these veins 380 feet vertically below.
Most of the work in 1957 was done under an agreement with Intermountain PetroMining Limited (company office, 640 Seventh Avenue West, Calgary; W. H. Myers,
president). The Silver Glance adit was driven over 200 feet to a total length of 1,030
feet. The downward projection of the Hercules veins was not encountered. Diamond
drilling, totalling 1,700 feet in nine holes, was done on the surface in the vicinity of the
Hercules adits, the deepest hole being 340 feet. The results of this drilling were reported
to be encouraging and also indicated that tht; Silver Glance adit would have to be driven
farther to intersect the veins at that horizon. Work ceased in August because of financial
difficulties. The number employed averaged three.
Hercules, Silver
Glance (Triumph
Mines Limited)
LODE METALS
51
WoODllURY CREEK (49" ]]6° N.W.)
Company office, 459 Baker Street, Nelson. L. N. Martini, KenneCan-Amer Mining wick, Wash., president; L. D. Besecker, Ainsworth, manager.
& Milling Com- Capital: 400 shares, $500 par value. Since 1953 this company
has been operating intermittently a custom mill at the mouth of
pany Ltd.
Woodbury Creek. Capacity is rated at 85 tons per day. No ore
was treated in 1957. A roof section of the mill was damaged by heavy snow and was
not repaired.
KEEN CREEK*
Silve1··Leml-Zinc
(49·· liT N.E.) Company ofiice, 1442 Bay Avenue, Trail.
D. L. Cummings, president. Capital: 4,500,000 shares, no par
Daybreak
(Daybreak Mining value. The Daybreak mine is on the east bank of Klawala Creek,
a northwesterly flowing tributary of Keen Creek. It is accessible
Corporation
(1957) Ltd.)
by 1 Yz miles of trail from a point on the Keen Creek road 11 Yz
miles from Kaslo. The property has been idle for over thirty years,
mainly because of litigation. In 1957 Henry L. Hill and Associates, of Vancouver, were
engaged as consulting management engineers. Five adits, between elevations of 5,080
and 5,450 feet, explore for several hundred feet two nearly parallel lodes which conform
with a belt of Slocan sediments. The lodes arc known as the "A" and "B " veins and
are about 300 feet apart. The veins are in a mineralized sheared and brecciated zone
averaging 5 feet in width. The zone is filled with broken rock carrying, in places,
disseminated sphalerite and pyrite with sparse amounts of galena. From June to late
July five men, under the supervision of S. Fish, reopened the workings so that sampling
could be done and a geological examination made.
(49° 117" N.E.) This old mine is on Keen Creek, 14Vz miles
by road from Kaslo. It is part of a group of recorded claims,
B Nos. 1 to 8, owned by H. F. Kenward, 751 Granville Street,
Vancouver. The last underground \I.,'Ork was done by Kaslo Base Metals Limited in
1951. In 1957 the owner made a small shipment to the Trail smelter.
Index
PADDY PEAK*
SU.ver~Leatl~Zinc
(49' 117' N.E.) Company otlice, 717 West Pender Street, Vancouvec mine otli.cc, Kaslo. T. S. Lathrop, New York, president;
J. A. Cooper, manager. This company holds a long-term lease on
the Utica mine (which has been operated since 1953 by J. A.
Cooper, also under lease) from Utica Mines ( 1937) Limited. The mine is at the head
of Twelve Mile Creek, about 15 miles by road from Kaslo. The main level is the No. 7
adit, which is connected by raise to the No. 4 adit. A sublevel, the No. 5, has been
driven from the raise to develop two parallel veins known as the East and West veins.
As in previous years, production in J 957 was from the East vein. A new stoping
section was prepared on No. 5 level. The nearly vertical vein contained from 1 to 6
inches of galena with a high silver content. Ore was removed with a diesel locomotive
on No. 7 level. All underground operations were under contract to E. Swantz, of Kaslo.
On the surface, erection was completed of a 50-ton mill which had formerly been
at the property of Silver Hill Mines Ltd. near Tulamecn. Milling started in December.
The concentrates were shipped to the Trail smelter. A maximum of fifteen men was
employed.
Utica (Lajo
Mines Limited)
*By J. W. Peck.
52
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
RETALLACK-THREE FORKS*
Silver-Lead-Zinc
(50' 117' S.E.) Company office, Calgary, Alta. R. E. Legg,
consulting engineer. This company optioned the Caledonia mine
near Blaylock from G. E. McCready, of Kaslo. An east-west
fissure zone with a steep southerly dip has been developed by
surface workings and two adits. A contract for 75 feet of drifting
at each end of the lower adit was completed by C. Lind, of Kaslo. This work disclosed
two short oreshoots. The option was dropped later in the year.
Caledonia
(Canadian Minerals Ltd.)
(50" 117' S.E.) Company office, 1500 Marine Building, Vancouver; mine office, Retallack. Edward L. Borup, president
and manager; B. Ecker, superintendent. This company controls
the Star group of recorded claims and has a lease on the old
Wellington mine near Retallack. The Star claims are 2 miles north
of the Wellington mine, which is owned by New Wellington Mines, Ltd., and cover the
Heba, Pluto Fraction, Oppollo, and Hera cancelled Crown-granted claims. The old
Whitewater buildings at Retallack were purchased for a main camp. Work in 1957 was
restricted to road work and improvement of camp facilities.
Star, Wellington
(Blue Star Mines
Limited)
(50' 117' S.E.) The Snap claim and the Lucky Jim mine at
Zincton were leased by a partnership of A. Keckonen, E. D'Lerma,
and R. E. Martin. The Snap is owned by J. L. Drumheller, of
Spokane, and the Lucky Jim by Sheep Creek Mines Limited, of Nelson. Fifteen feet
of drifting was done on the No. I level of the Lucky Jim mine with the object of advancing
into the Snap claim. Several hundred tons of milling ore was obtained from the No. I,
No. 2, and No. 3 levels of the Lucky Jim, but no shipments were made. Work started
in August and ceased in October.
Snap, Lucky Jim
(50' 117' S.E.) This property of Slocan Monitor Mines Limited
near Three Forks was optioned in 1956 to Frank McMahon, of
Calgary. The Cork adit, near the Violamac mine road, was
extended to investigate a structure determined by surface geological work. The underground work was completed in 1957, with a total of about 1,000 feet of drifting and
crosscutting. No worth-while mineralization was encountered. Four men were employed.
Min, Cork
(50° 117' S.E.) This group of recorded claims is astride the
New Denver-Three Forks Highway just north of the old Alamo
mill. It is owned by A. S. Wojna, of New Denver, but was under
option toR. J. Renn, of Calgary. Small lenses of galena are found in the argillite bedding
close to granite porphyry. Two adits, 30 feet apart vertically, were driven from near the
highway. Galena sorted from this work was trucked to the Trail smelter. Three men
were employed. Production: Ore shipped, 3 tons. Gross content: Silver, 166 oz.;
lead, 1,184 lb.; zinc, 5lllb.
SANDON*
Silver-Lead-Zinc
( 49' 117' N.E.) Head office, 1160 Peel Street, Montreal; mine
Silversmith, etc, office, Sandon. G. S. Rosenthal, New York, president; T. R.
(Carnegie Mines Buckham, mine manager. Capital: I 0,000 shares, $1 par value.
This Company owns the Silversmith, Slocan Star, Richmondof British
Columbia, Ltd.) Eureka, Ruth Hope, and Slocan King mines on Sandon Creek,
south of Sandon. A truck-road extends to all mines from the mill
on the western outskirts of Sandon. Underground operations by the company ceased in
Lost Atlantis
*By J. W. Peck,
LODE METALS
53
February, and milling continued into March. Most of the ore came from the No. 3 level
of the Slocan Star.
In June, groups of lessees began work. The Slocan Star was leased to J. Zambon,
P. Leontowiez, S. Sibilleau, and N. Sibilleau. These partners obtained about 140 tons of
milling ore by hand-sorting the No. 3 dump. Underground work was started on No. 5
level. The Rabbits Paw section of the Silversmith was leased to T. Hawes and E. Singe!,
who mined and shipped four truck-loads of high-grade ore to the Trail smelter. The Ruth
Hope was leased to E. Perepolkin, F. Vanin, and F. Pho. Over 350 tons of milling ore
was obtained from No. 4 and No. 5 levels. Higher-grade ore was trucked to the Trail
smelter. Another lease on the Ruth Hope was given to E. H. Petersen, who stripped the
surface above No. 3 adit with a bulldozer and exposed an ore remnant.
The mill reopened in November to handle lessees' ore. Three men were employed
in the mill. In December, arrangements were being made for a merger with Violamac
Mines Limited.
( 49° 117° N.E.) Head office, 721 Eastern Avenue, Toronto.
Noble Five, etc. James A. Taylor, president. Capital: 3,000,000 shares, $1 par
(Cody-Reco Mines value. This company owns a group of claims north of Cody,
including old mines such as the Noble Five, Slocan Sovereign, Last
Limited)
Chance, American Boy, and Deadman. A road extends from the
mill at Cody to all principal workings. No work was done in 1957. The mine and mill
plant remained intact. A watchman was employed.
(49° 11r N.E.) Head office, 416, 25 Adelaide Street West,
Toronto; mine office, New Denver. Mrs. Viola MacMillan,
president; J. C. Black, manager, western operations. Capital:
5,000,000 shares, $1 par value. This company owns the Victor
mine, 2Vz miles by road northwest of Sandon, or 2Vz miles by road southeast of Tbree
Forks. The nearly vertical Victor vein has been developed by several connected adits,
the lowest being No.9. The Victor vein has a mineralized length of about 1,400 feet and
a width ranging from a crack to as much as 6 feet. Most of the production in 1957 came
from the west end of the vein known as the West Victor orebocly. The remainder of the
ore was produced from remnants in various sections of the vein. Mining is done by
cut-and-fill methods with close timbering. Not much ore remained in the Victor vein at
the end of 1957. Exploratory work continued in the west end of the mine at the No.5
level horizon with access from No. 7 level. Some promising discoveries were made of
high-grade silver-lead ore.
The No. 10 adit, which is on a different vein, has been driven over 900 feet from the
portal. Short sections of ore were encountered in this drive. A raise was put up to break
through to surface near the compressor-house at No. 9 portal. Some sloping was done
from this raise.
A new No. 11 adit was started near the old Cinderella mine in a location 150 feet
northeast of No. 10 portal and 100 feet lower. It was driven southwestward to intersect
old shaft workings at !50 feet from the portal, and by the end of 1957 was 550 feet long.
Not much ore was found in this adit.
Milling ore continued to be trucked to the Western Exploration mill at Silverton,
but at a reduced rate. Tin was indicated in the zinc concentrates but was not recovered.
High-grade sorted ore was trucked to the Trail smelter. The number of men employed
averaged fifty.
(49° 117° N.E.) This company is controlled by Violamac Mines
Limited, which owns the adjoining Victor mine. The main haulage
Lone Bachelor
(Lone Bachelor is the No. 4 level, which is connected by raises via a sublevel to the
Mines Limited) old No. 3 adit. A small amount of sloping was done on the sublevel and also on No. 2 vein on No. 4 level. All services were
Victor (Violamac
Mines Limited)
54
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
supplied from the Violamac camp. Work was suspended in September. Two men were
employed.
( 49' 117° N.E.) This old Crown-granted claim is east of the
Hinckley
Victor claim, about half -way along the Sandon-Victor mine road.
It is owned by W. D. Pengelly and associates, of New Denver and
Silverton. Since 1954 a narrow lode containing small lenses of galena has been developed
intermittently by the extension of an old adit. Work in 1957 was restricted to a small
amount of diamond drilling.
(49' 117' N.E.) Company office, 373 Baker Street, Nelson.
Wonderful (Silver H. F. Magnuson, Wallace, Idaho, president and acting manager.
Ridge Mining
Capital: 5,000,000 shares, 50 cents par value. This company
Company Limited) owns a large group of claims southwest of Sandon, including the
Wonderful. A small amount of surface and underground work was
done in the same location as in 1956. Two men were employed.
( 49' II 7' N.E.) This old mine, I mile west of Sandon, has been
developed by three adits. The lowest or No. 3 contains about I ,000
feet of drifting and crosscutting. Most of the ore in the past has
come from No. 2 adit. In 1957 the owner, E. H. Petersen, of Sandon, raised I 0 feet in
the west drift in No. 2 adit. Sorted ore from this work was sent to the Trail smelter.
Production: Ore shipped, three-quarters of a ton. Gross content: Silver, 57 oz.; lead,
692lb.; zinc, 167lb.
SLOCAN LAKE*
Silver-Lead-Zinc
(50' 117° S.E.) This old property is located I mile north of New
Molly Hughes
Denver. It is owned by C. Higgins, of New Denver, and was last
active in 1940. In 1957 a lease was given to C. Johnson, who
made a shipment to the Trail smelter from the Tryon claim. Production: Ore shipped,
one-third of a ton. Gross content: Silver, 142 oz.; lead, 54 lb.; zinc, 9 lb.
New Springfield
(49° 117" N.E.) Company office, 38 South Dearborn Street,
Mammoth, Stand- Chicago, Ill.; mine office, Silverton. M. P. McCullough, Chicago,
president; A. M. Ham, Silverton, managing director; J. M. Mcard, Monarch,
Dearmid, manager; R. A. Avison, mine superintendent; C. E.
Enterprise
(Western Explora- Towgood, mill superintendent. Capital: 2,000,000 shares. 50
cents par value. A management contract is held by H. L. Hill and
tion Company
Associates, consulting mining engineers, Vancouver. The company
Limited)
owns the Mammoth, Monarch, and Standard mines near Silverton,
and the Enterprise mine on Enterprise Creek, 12V2 miles by road south of Silverton.
The Mammoth produced continuously but at a variable rate to fit in with customore intake at the mill. The main haulage is the No. 7 adit, which is connected by a 45degree raise to No. 9 adit level, 340 feet below. Most of the ore above No. 8 sublevel
has been mined in previous years. In 1957, as in 1956, ore was recovered from squareset stapes on No. 9 level. Drifting was done to the east on No. 9 level with encouraging
results. On No. 7 level the Monarch orebody has been explored by a raise from the
Hecla drift to the Monarch adit, 310 feet vertically above. Not much work was done on
this orebody in 1957 other than the driving of a sublevel established half-way in the raise.
In the Hecla drift the mineralized section discovered in 1956 was prepared for stoping.
It was producing steadily in the latter half of 1957. All ore was delivered to the mill via
the 16,000-foot tram-line, which has its upper terminal at the portal of No. 7 adit.
Electricity and compressed air were supplied from the company's hydro plant on Silverton Creek.
"'By J. W. Peck.
,...
0
0
"':::::
E
(;;
Rawhiding ore at the True Fissure, Lardeau, 1914.
The Noble Five aerial tram-line at Cody in 1952, the last
year it was operated.
'-"
'-"
56
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
The main development was the preparation for a new low-level drive. A new road
2.3 miles long was constructed from the old Hewitt mill-site on the Silverton Creek road
to a portal site on the Tick claim at an elevation of 4,290 feet. It is proposed to drive
2,300 feet northeastward to reach a point 400 feet vertically below the No. 9 level of the
Mammoth mine.
The Standard was idle, except for leasing operations. J. W. Kelly mined about 300
tons, which was milled at the company's mill.
The Enterprise mine remained closed, but the camp is intact and a watchman is
employed.
The mill operated throughout 1957 treating company ore as well as Violamac ore
on a custom basis. The number of men employed was increased from thirty-five to
seventy in the latter half of 1957.
(49° 117° N.E.) Company office, 511, 850 West Hastings Street,
Vancouver. R. Crowe-Swords, president. Capital: 3,000,000
shares, 50 cents par value. The Bosun mine is on the east shore
of Slocan Lake, ll/z miles south of New Denver on the NelsonN akusp Highway. The main haulage, No. 6 adit, is driven beneath the highway from a site 40 feet above the lake. W. H. McLeod, with the aid of
a partner, has operated a lease intermittently since 1956. Exploration, consisting of
crosscutting and raising, was continued in the south central section of the mine to investigate the findings of diamond drilling done many years ago, but was unsuccessful. Ore
Bosun (New
Santiago Mines
Limited)
remnants were mined on No. 6 level near the main winze, in the central section above the
main drift, and in the east section near the portal. This ore was milled at the Carnegie
mill at Sandon. Production: Ore milled, 76 tons. Gross content: Gold, I oz.; silver,
1,251 oz.; lead, 6,566 lb.; zinc, 12,049 lb.; cadmium, 63 lb.
(49° 117° N.E.) Company office, 532 Burrard Street, Vancouver.
W. Tattrie, mine manager; T. Leask, mill superintendent. Capital:
5,000,000 shares, no par value. This company owns the Van Roi
and Hewitt .mines, 6 1/2 miles by road southeast of Silverton.
Transcontinental Resources Limited has directional control. In the
Hewitt mine an orebody below No. 10 level was developed in 1956 by a winze to No. 11
level. This block of ore, 95 feet long, was leased to J. Heichert for removal. Eight men
were engaged in this work, and the operation was completed in July. Another lease was
given to M. Tarnowski, who mined ore remnants in the same area above No. 10 level.
Another lease on this level was given in the latter part of 1957 to 1. Harding and A.
Cooper.
In the Van Roi mine the S.F. and M. Mining Company, which has leased the mine
since 1953, operated on a reduced scale. Some development was done on No. 4 level in
the "Brookes'" stope area. Four men were engaged in this work.
The Van Roi mill is 1 mile south of Silverton on the Nelson-Nakusp Highway. It
operated in 1956 after being shut down since 1952. In 1957 it operated intermittently
until September, handling lessees' ore from the Hewitt and Van Roi. Custom milling
was also done for the Westmont mine on Enterprise Creek.
Van Roi, Hewitt
(Siocan Van Roi
Mines Limited)
(49° 117° N.E.) This mine is 2 miles by road south of Silverton.
For several years it has been operated intermittently on lease by
Frank S. Mills, of Silverton. A mineralized fissure, discovered in
1955 east of the old shaft, was developed in 1956 by a short adit and shallow winze. In
1957 the old Galena Farm main adit was rehabilitated for 500 feet and a raise connection I 00 feet long was made with the winze. A small orebody of milling grade was
exposed in this work. No shipments were made in 1957, and the property was idle in
the latter half of the year.
Galena Farm
LODE METALS
57
(49° ]17° N.E.) This is a group of eight Crown-granted claims
on the north side of Enterprise Creek, opposite the Enterprise mine.
It is owned by J. A. Cullinane, of Nelson. A short access road
leads to the lowest of four adits from a point on the Enterprise road about 4V2 miles from
the Nelson~Nakusp Highway. The property has been idle since 1929, except for a
leasing operation in 1956. In 1957 a lease was given to Chexdeco Mining Limited, of
Nelson. The No. 4 dump was trucked to the Van Roi mill at Silverton.
Westmont
(49" II?" N.E.) The Boomerang and Richmond claims arc owned
by the estate of S. N. Ross. which is administered by the executrix,
Mrs. E. Ward, of Rossland. The claims are on the south side of
Enterprise Creek, about ! 1/2 miles above the confluence with Paupo Creek. The property
is accessible by a fair road to Paupo Creek, 9 miles from the Nelson~Nakusp Highway,
and thence by a steep road and 1,000 feet of trail. A narrow quartz-tctrahedrite vein in
granite has been developed by two adits which have been inaccessible for many years.
In 1957 the Boomerang and Richmond Mining Company employed two men on a lease
arrangement reopening the lower adit. The portal was retimbered and the adit made
accessible for 225 feet. Work then ceased without the vein having been exposed.
Boomerang
(49° 117" N.E.) Company office, 2, 415 Baker Street, Nelson.
D. C. Bentley, manager. Capital: 600,000 shares, $1 par value.
This company owns the White Hope, White Hope No. I, Homestake, and Senator Crown-granted claims and six recorded claims
astride the Nelson~Nakusp Highway north of Sloean City. The
main workings are on the White Hope and Homestake claims and
arc accessible by short access roads from points on the highway
4\.-2 and 5\.-2 miles respectively north of Slocan City. On the
White Hope a narrow vein in granite, striking south 40 degrees east and dipping 50
degrees southwestward, has been explored by two adits, 25 feet apart vertically. Most of
the ore shipments in the past came from the upper adit, which is about 80 feet long with
a raise to surface. The best part of the vein not mined shows 2 to 6 inches of zincy
mineralization. The lower adit is 50 feet long and exposes a wider vein section but with
minor mineralization. There is another adit at the elevation of the upper adit which was
driven 140 feet as a crosscut to intersect a parallel vein exposed in an open-cut above,
but no vein was encountered. In 1957 a new adit site was chosen to explore these veins
at a horizon about 50 feet below the lowest workings. A crosscut was driven 200 feet,
but no worth-while mineralization was encountered. Three men were employed in this
work. On the surface a building was erected to house a portable compressor.
At the Homestake, silver-lead showings had previously been prospected by open pits
and short adits. In 1957 a lower adit was extended 200 feet, but no worth-while mineralization was encountered. Two men were employed in this work.
White Hope,
Homestake
(Dolores-Dorothy
Exploration and
Mining Company
Limited)
SPRINGER CREEK*
Silver
Ottawa (Ottawa Silver Mining & Milling Company).-(49" 117" N.E.) Company office, c/o W. E. Graham, Slocan City. Capital: 3,000,000 shares, I cent par
value. This company owns the Ottawa mine on Springer Creek, 5 miles by road from
Slocan City. C. Thicket!, operating under a lease arrangement, obtained ore by underhand mining in the lowest or No. 6 adit.
• By J. W. Peck.
58
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
NORTH LARDEAU*
Gold-Silver-Lead-Zinc
(50" 117' N.W.) Company office, 604, 744 West Hastings Street,
Vancouver; mine office, Beaton. J. Drybrough, president; J. A.
Spider, Eclipse
(Sunshine Lardeau Pike, managing director; G. G. Sullivan, manager; 0. Meurling,
Mines Limited)
mine superintendent; E. Hall, mill superintendent. Capital:
4,000,000 shares, no par value. The mine camp and mill are at the
old townsite of Cam borne, 6 miles by road northeast of Beaton on the northeast arm of
Upper Arrow Lake. The mine is on the south side of Pool Creek, 2 to 3 miles by very
steep road from Camborne. The Spider No. 4 orebody has been developed by several
adits, the lowest being No. 10. The orebody is vein-like with a northerly strike and a dip
of 7 5 degrees to the east. It is I to 4 feet wide, except at the junction of short branch
veins, where it is as much as 18 feet wide. The orebody was 90 feet long above No. 7
level to near surface, 300 feet long on No. 8 level, and 450 feet long on No. 10 level.
Mining in I 957 was restricted to the northern extremity of No. I 0 level and a remnant
above No. 7 level. Nearly all ore had been mined above No. 10 level by the end of the
year. Preparations were made to sink a winze to recover the ore below No. 10 level, but
the project was abandoned after the hoist station was cut. Underhand mining was started
on the vein in December.
The Eclipse orebody is serviced by a 1,000-foot crosscut from the No. 10 level of
the Spider mine. A raise has been driven on the vein to an adit 270 feet vertically above.
The ore body on No. I 0 level was 180 feet long and 6 feet wide, with strike and dip
similar to the Spider ore body. The ore pinches out 130 feet above No. 10 level and was
mined out by the end of 1957. A winze was sunk on the vein !50 feet at 65 degrees, and
a level was established at 130 feet in the winze. This level, No. II, was driven 160 feet
and a raise driven to No. I 0 level. About half the ore between No. II and No. I 0 levels
was removed by shrinkage sloping by the end of 1957.
A lease was given to S. Barclay, who worked No. 5 and No. 6 levels of the Spider
mine with the aid of a partner. A few carloads of sorted ore were obtained.
On the surface, a geophysical survey was carried out to the south of the mine
workings. Two anomalies were located. These were being checked in December by
diamond drilling.
The mill operated continuously at an average of 2,400 tons per month. Mill-heads
averaged: Silver, 9.5 oz. per ton; lead, 7.3 per cent; zinc, 9.3 per cent. Concentrates
were shipped to smelters in the United States. The number employed averaged sixty-nine.
(50° II 7" N.W.) Company office, 404 Pemberton Building, 744
Beatrice (Beatrice West Hastings Street, Vancouver. W. J. Scorgie, president and
Mining Co, Ltd,) managing director. Capital: 50,000 shares, $1 par value. This
company owns a group of claims at the head of the east fork of
Mohawk Creek. The main workings are on the Beatrice claim and are accessible by 4
miles of tractor-road from the Spider mine road. No work was done in 1957 other than
some improvement to the camp buildings.
(50" 117" N.W.) Company office, 423 West Broadway, Vancouver. W. L. Sebolt, manager. Capital: 3,000 shares, no par
Silver Dollar
(Monterey Mining value. The Silver Dollar mine adjoins the holdings of Beatrice
Company Limited) Mining Co. Ltd. on the northwest. The Beatrice tractor-road
passes through the Silver Dollar camp at a point about 3 >2 miles
from its junction with the Spider mine road. A quartz vein containing minor silver
values was developed many years ago by two connected adits, 50 feet apart vertically.
In I 952 diamond drilling was done from the surface north of the mine workings to test
* By J. W.
Peck, except as noted.
LODE METALS
59
the continuity of the vein on strike. In I 957 drifting was done on the vein in the lower
adit to reach a point under the surface drill-holes. A crosscut was driven 70 feet into
the hangingwall at this point to establish a diamond-drilling station. A total of 464 feet
of drifting and crosscutting and 1,934 feet of diamond drilling was accomplished.
The old camp buildings were improved and a new cook-house was erected. Eight
men were employed. All work ceased in November.
(50° 117° N.W.) Company office, 2210 Palmerston Avenue,
West Vancouver. G. D. Humphrey, president and manager.
Capital: 10,000 shares, $10 par value. This company owns
several groups of claims on Pool Creek. Most of the work in
1957 was concentrated on the Pipestem group, which is on the
north side of Pool Creek near the confluence with Mohawk Creek.
A short access road leads to the property from a point on the
Sunshine Lardeau mine road near the No. 8 portal of the Spider mine. Trenching was
done on vein exposures and a geophysical survey was carried out. Living quarters were
erected. Work was done on the trails leading to the other groups near the head of Pool
Creek. About five men were employed.
Pipestem, Wide
West, Lost Chord
Alma (Lardeau
Mines Exploration
Limited)
(50° 117° N.E.) Company office, 15th Floor, 1030 West
Georgia Street, Vancouver. K. Hannigan, president; S. Donald
Moore, vice-president. Capital: 20,000 shares, no par value.
This company holds the Index, Red Cliff, Royal R, Hidden
Treasure, President, and White Quail Crown-granted claims under
agreement, and the Joy group of eleven claims and the Star Fraction by record. These
claims extend along the southwest side of Index Creek, from Redcliff Peak to Gainer
Creek. Stripping of galena mineralization on the White Quail and Index in the summer
of 1956 was followed by the diamond drilling of two holes that autumn and eight holes in
the summer of 1957, all on the Index, and totalling 1,800 feet. Camp was made in the
Mollie Mack cabins at Gainer Creek, 10 miles by road from Ferguson and 2 miles by
jeep and tractor road from the Index. About five men were employed.
The galena is disseminated in portions of the thin Mollie Mac limestone that have
been replaced by siderite. This member thickens and thins and appears to be largely
squeezed out in the upper part of the Index basin. On the Index claim it is about 60
feet wide and dips vertically or steeply southwest. It is offset short distances by a
number of cross-faults, at least one of which contains a little galena. Three mineralized
zones occur in the limestone on the Index claim. The middle one is about 5 feet wide
and 150 feet long. Another lies along the hangingwall and is rather ragged but probably
averages 6 feet wide and is about 500 feet long. The third lies close to the footwall and
h,as been the principal object of the drilling; it is 8 to 10 feet wide and has been traced
for 1,000 feet. A short ad it and shaft were driven into opposite sides of the limestone
some years ago. The Jjmestone js most]y eovered in the southeast one-third of the
Index claim, but several old pits expose a little mineralization near the boundary.
Index (Northern
Inland Resources
Ltd.)*
Sift,er-Lead-Zinc
(50° !17° N.E.) Executive office, 660 Market Street, San FranBannockburn (The cisco, Calif.; operations office, Kellogg, Idaho. W. G. Woolf,
Bunker Hill Co.) vice-president; A. E. Nugent, exploration geologist. This company holds an option on the Bannockburn group of claims from
J. Gallo, of Howser, together with an option on some adjoining recorded claims owned
by Sheep Creek Mines Limited. The Bannockburn group is on the south side of Hall
*By J. W. Peck and G. E. P. Eastwood.
60
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
Creek on one of its headwater tributaries. The property is reached by a 17 -mile road
up Healy Creek to the divide with Hall Creek and thence by a rough trail about 4 miles
long. It has been idle for owr fifty years, except for surface diamond drilling done in
1955 by The Granby Consolidated Mining Smelting and Power Company Limited. In
1957 the Healy Creek road was reconditioned and road construction started towards the
Bannockburn. Considerable rock was encountered, and only about one-quarter of the
estimated 4-mile road had been completed when work ceased because of an early snowfall
in September. A geological map of the area was produced for the company by Bruce
Reed.
SOUTH LARDEAU*
(50" 116" S.W.) This group of claims lies northwest of Glacier
Creek and extends across a mountain ridge to the east arm of
Duncan Lake. The ground was at one time known as the AmatoRuby and Glacier groups. It is owned by J. Gallo and associates, of Howser, but was
under option to The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
A band of I imestone has been explored by trenching and diamond drilling over several
thousand feet of strike length, and there is an adit on the Glacier Creek side. Work in
1957 was restricted to geological mapping.
J.G.
(50" 116' S.W.) Company office, 717 West Pender Street, VanMoonshine, Right couver. C. G. Willett, president; 0. Moen, superintendent.
Capital; I ,000,000 shares, 50 cents par value. This property
Bower {Willett
Mines Ltd.)
is on the Kaslo-Lardeau Highway, 1 mile south of Lardeau.
A narrow fissure vein in limestoue has been developed by two
short connected adits and an old sha !low inclined shaft. The upper adit has been
stoped to surface. A new level was started from this stope, with access via a raise from
the bottom level. It was driven 50 feet on the vein. Overhand sloping was done in this
drift to a height of 15 feet, making the back of the stope about 15 feet from surface.
On the surface, the vein was stripped below the lower adit, and some ore was
obtained. The total ore from underground aud surface amounted to 268 tons. It was
shipped to the smelters at Trail and Kellogg, Idaho. Five men were employed during
May and June.
CRESTONt
Lead·Silver-Copper
(49' 1!6° S.W.) Company office, 516, 736 Granville Street,
King {King Crest Vancouver; mine office, Creston. This company owns ten claims
on Glaser Creek, 2 miles north of Creston. A crew of four men
Mines Ltd.)
was employed sinking a 30-foot winze to a vertical depth of 20
feet on a galena-bearing quartz vein immediately west of the farm owned by L. J. Lansing,
of Creston. In addition, 216 tons of low-grade ore was shipped to the Bunker Hill
smelter at Kellogg, Idaho. This was from an irregular quartz vein in a diorite sill which
outcrops on the west side of a low ridge I mile north of the winze workings.
Copper
(49° !16° S.E.) This property, comprising three recorded claims
owned by 0. Arrowsmith, of Erickson, is on the north side of
Arrow Creek, 3 miles west of Kitchener on the Creston-Cranbrook
Highway. The claims are astride the south end of the Iron Range Mountain fault, and
extend from the north side of Goat River northward up the mountain.
Access to the property is in part by way of either of two logging-roads, the remaining
distances being by short trails to the workings. One road leaves the highway a quarter
May-Bee
• By J. W. Peck.
t By J. E. Merrett.
61
LODE METALS
of a mile west of Goat River bridge and passes the bottom claim a mile from the highway.
The other road is by way of Kitchener, crossing the Goat River and ending close to the
upper claim. This road is very rough and is suitable only for four-wheel-drive vehicles.
It is reported that several open-cuts have been made on the property on five separate
veins. However, the depth of snow prevented the examination of anything other than
two adits on the main vein. This occurrence is a chalcopyrite-bearing quartz vein ranging
in width from 1 foot to 5 feet. The vein, striking north 36 degrees west and dipping
vertically, is in a diorite sill of Purcell age in the Iron Range Mountain fault zone.
The upper adit, 83 feet in length, is at an elevation of 3,200 feet. The portal is in
a creek bed and consequently is very wet. Leaching has removed most of the sulphide
mineralization from the quartz to a distance of at least 20 feet from the portal. Seven
samples were taken between this point and the drift face, as in the following table:Location of Sample
Main adit face {portal
Portal
70 feet -~
Portal
60 feet
Portal
50 feet
Portal
40 feet
Portal
30 feet
Portal
20 feet __
+
+
+
+
+
+
+ 83 feet)
...............................
Width
Gold
Silver
Copper
Ft.
2.3
1.0
2.0
2.0
3.2
4.6
1.8
Oz. per Ton
0.03
Oz. per Ton
0.5
0.1
0.4
Nil
0.3
0.3
0.5
Per Cent
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
0.02
1.81
0.82
0.72
0.09
0.56
0.18
0.18
A yellowish green lamprophyre dyke of northerly strike comes against and follows
the vein. Isolated and unoriented plates of biotite as much as 1'4 inches in diameter
occur within the dyke rock.
The second adit, which is 45 feet long, is 180 feet vertically below and about 600
feet down hill from the upper adit. No sulphides or secondary copper mineralization
were seen in this drift and no samples were taken.
At the end of 1957 it was reported that 40 feet of surface stripping had been done
along the vein, the upper ad it had been extended a distance of 55 feet, 10 miles of access
road via Kitchener had been repaired, and one-quarter mile of new road had been
constructed.
Iron
Kitchener (The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited).-(490 116° S.E.) A small crew was employed reopening the Arrow Creek road
to the summit of Iron Range Mountain, where bulldozer stripping was done on the large
hematite deposit.
GOAT RIVER*
Silver-Lead-Zinc
(49° 116° S.E.) This property, owned by F. J. Brady, of Creston,
Star
is on the east side of Goat River approximately 3% miles from
Kitchener, on the Creston-Cranbrook Highway. It is at an elevation of 4,500 feet. Access is by 2% miles along the Goat River road and 1 ~ miles of
logging-road.
At the top of a talus slope a rock cut 75 feet long and 25 feet wide in Aldridge
quartzite discloses a narrow quartz vein striking north 71 degrees east and dipping 72
degrees to the south. The vein is irregularly mineralized with galena and minor amounts
of sphalerite and chalcopyrite. In some places the sulphides are absent and in others
there are pods of galena 2 inches to 1 foot in width. The quartzite walls in the immediate vicinity of the vein are limy. A pit 7 feet deep was dug on the vein at the bottom of
the open-cut. The pit exposed a diorite sill striking at right angles to the vein. Only
"By J. E. Merrett.
62
REPORT OF THE ""IINISTER OF MINES, 1957
a small quantity of ore was seen, and from the surface evidence" it would not appear
profitable to mine iL
Two samples were taken~one across the vein where galena was pretient and the
other a grab sample from a small pile of stacked ore. These were taken to indicate the
silver-lead ratio.
lo~;.l!ion
Top of opt>n
of Sample
~:t.1!
Ore dump _
Width
Gold
Silver
Copper
Le,Jd
Zinc
H
0.3
Grab
Oz. per Ttm
Nil
Trace
Oz. per Tnn.
2LO
10J,
Per Cent
Per Cent
Per C<:nt
0<04
61.1
Nil
005
34.!1
7.'2
(49° 116° S.E.) This property, owned by F. J. Brady, is east of
and adjoins the Star group. Traces of tetrahedrite in quartzite have
been observed over a large area" A few short diamond-drill holes
have been drilled at random locations in order to prospect the occurrence" A grab sample
from this property assayed: Gold, trace; silver, 0.3 oz. per ton; copper, nil," nickel, less
thau 0.1 per cent.
KIMBERLEY
Blue Rain
(49" ll5" N.W.) Company office, 215 St. James Street West,
Montreal; mine and smelter office, Trail. R. E. Stavert, Montreal,
Sullivan (The
Consolidated Min- president; RD. Perry, Trail, vice-president and general manager;
ing and Smelting W. G. Jewitt, Trail, vice-president in charge of mines. Sullivan
mine office, Kimberley. J. R. Giegerich, general superintendent;
Company of
Canada, Limited) A. G. Robertson, superintendent of concentration; R. N" Porter,
mine superintendent; H. W. Poole, Chapman Camp, superintendent of concentrator. Capital: 20,000,000 shares, no par value. This company owns
and operates the Sullivan mine on Mark Creek, ncar Kimberley, and the Sullivan concentrator at Chapman Camp. The holdings include 67X: Cn_)wn~grantcd mineral claims
and fractions in a block in the Kimberley area, covering and surrounding the mine workings, from which over 73,92-3,500 tons of ore has been removed slncc December, 1909,
at which time the company commenced operations on this property. The following
report, prepared by the management, is a synopsis of the 1957 operations:.. The Sullivan mine produced and the concentrator treated 2,423,577 tons of ore
during 1957. The open-pit operation, which was temporarily closed down in May, produced 8 per cent of the mine tonnage. The section of the mine above the 3900 level
produced 64 per cent of the mine tonnage. The remainder of the mine tonnage, 28 per
cent. was produced from below the 3900 level.
"Long-hole drilling methods, using diamond drills and percussion drills with sectional steel, accounted for 85 per cent of the underground production. The remainder of
the underground production was obtained from open slOpes by bench mining methods.
Three winzes for float filling of stapes below the 3900 level and two for gravel filling
above 3900 level were sunk by diamond-drill methods, the longest one being 53 feet.
"The development footage of 57,098 for 1957 was considerably above that for
1956. The increase was mainly in development for sloping and backfilling. The backfill
development included a long raise driven to surface for the gravel filling of three slopes
above the 3900 level.
"In 1957, 160,000 cubic yards of gravel backfill were placed in two stapes above
the 39()0 level, and 228,100 cubic yards of float fill, returned from the concentrator, were
phlcc(l in eleven stapes below the 3900 level. Of the total tloat fill placed, 29 per cent
was scraped. Induced caving of waste rock from the hangingwall following pillar extraction amounted to 293,800 cubic yards of backfilling above the 3900 level.
63
LODE METALS
"Primary ventilation of the mine was done by seven Jeffrey fans totalling 950
horsepower, two Joy fans totalling 250 horsepower, one lOU-horsepower Sheldon fan,
and one 75-horsepower Sirocco fan. The total volume of air exhausted from the mine
was approximately 900,000 cubic feet per minute.
"An active safety programme was maintained at the mine and concentrator during
the year. The mine, with fifty-three lost-time accidents, had a frequency rate of 0.23
accidents per 1,000 shifts and a severity rate of 12.2 days lost per 1,000 shifts worked.
The concentrator came close to equalling their best year of 1956 with only five lost-time
accidents, giving a frequency rate of 0.05 and a severity rate of 0.9 per 1,000 shifts
worked. Days lost due to accidents were: 2,814 at the mine and 101 at the concentrator.
"Eye protection is now worn by all employees underground. Seventy-three new
employees attended the induction school at the mine. A total of 2,005 have had this
training since the school was started. Twenty-five new miners were given a four-week
course of mining instruction. Since the mining school was organized in 1947, 251 men
have been given this training. Eighteen employees were trained in mine-rescue and were
awarded their certificates. Mine-rescue and tirst-aid teams competed in local, East
Kootenay, and Provincial competitions. An underground emergency fire and rescue
squad was organized during the year, and twenty-eight men were given three days' trainjng
comprised of lectures and practical work. Fifty-six new employees were given a job
safety training course and 147 employees a refresher course. Seven employees were
successful in obtaining their industrial first-aid certificates. Three hundred and forty-five
St. John first-aid certificates were awarded to UQ adults of the
community~
including a
high percentage of employees, and to 163 school students. Training was done by mine
and concentrator safety personnel.
"The concentrator operated 250 days. The milling rate averaged 11 ,000 tons per
day for the first five months of the year but decreased to 8,800 tons per day for the
balance of the year after the open-pit operation was suspended. A 125-tons-pcr-day pilot
mill was constructed in the main concentrator building. The pilot-mill equipment generally duplicates the flotation flow of the main concentrator, and various circuits and
reagents will be investigated.
"The number of men employed at the mine and concentrator at the year-end was
1,366, of whom 706 were employed underground."
FORT STEELE*
Silvl~r-Leatl-Zinc
Fort Steele Gold
and Silver Mines
(49" 115° N.W.) Registered office, 1442 Bay Avenue, Trail;
mine office, Box 1720, Cranbrook. D. Shirting, president; C. F.
Gorse, manager. The Joy, Rita, and Gertrude claims on the north
Ltd.
side of Wild Horse River between Brewery and Fisher Creeks are
held by C. F. Gorse. Immediately below the junction of Fisher
Creek and Wild Horse River a caved adit 8 feet in length and 26 feet of abandoned shaft
were reopened on a mineral occurrence of silver, lead, and zinc.
ELK RIVER*
(~OJJJJer
(49° 115" S.E.) This property comprises two claims overlying
Lots S 34 and S 36 on the east bank of the Elk River, 3 miles south
of Elko. It is owned by Z. A. Dunlop, of Elko. Access is by way
of a narrow abandoned road on the east bank of the river.
Silver King
The mineral occurrence consists of a few narrow scattered quartz stringers con-
taining minor amounts of pyrrhotite and chalcopyrite in quartzite bands exposed below
high-water level. The quartzite bands, which in places are well mineralized with fine
o~<
By J. E. Merrett.
64
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
disseminated pyrite, alternate with bands of highly sheared argillite. The formation
is Precambrian in age. Insufficient ore mineralization is evident to warrant further
development.
Lead
(49° 115° S.E.) R. Monesmith, of Waldo, and partners own six
Leah
mineral claims on the summit and south slope of Sheep Mountain
on the west side of the Elk River, approximately 3 miles south of
Elko. Access to the property from the Elko-Roosville Highway is by 1V2 miles of
narrow road.
Several widely scattered open-cuts have disclosed narrow vertical quartz veins of
east-west strike and undetermined length in quartzite, closely paralleling Purcell diorite
sills. Rare patches of galena occur within the quartz veins. At no point was sufficient
ore mineralization apparent to warrant further development.
SKOOKUMCHUCK*
Tungsten
( 49° 116° N.E.) This property, comprising in excess of ninety
mineral claims, is on Burnt Creek or the Second North Fork of
Skookumchuck Creek. Access from Torrent station on the Kootenay Central Railway is by 18 miles of good dirt road and 4 miles
of road suitable only for four-wheel-drive vehicles. The mineral
occurrence is scheelite in a skarn zone within granite. The scheelite,
which appears abundantly in some surface outcrops and in some
boulders on the hillside, is associated with quartz, garnet, chlorite, and minor amounts
of chalcopyrite and pyrrhotite.
A crew of eight men was employed surface stripping by bulldozer and hydraulic
methods.
WINDERMERE*
ToBY CREEK (50° 116° S.E.)
Silver-Lead-Zinc
Company office, 6, 490 Baker Street, Nelson; mine office, Toby
Mineral King
Creek. H. E. Doelle, managing director; J. B. Magee, mine man(Sheep Creek
ager. The property is on the Toby Creek slope of the ridge between
Mines Limited) Jumbo and Toby Creeks, 27 miles west of Athalmer. The deposit
is a lead-zine replacement, with barite, in limestone of the Mount
Nelson formation. Development included 1,619 feet of drifts and crosscuts, 1,818 feet
of raises, 381 feet of shaft raise, and 5,123 feet of diamond drilling in sixty holes.
Parallel manway and ore-pass raises were completed from the inner end of No. 7 level to
No. 3 level. A 50-horsepower hoist was installed underground on No. 7 level and a
man-skip in the shaft for servicing between the levels. At the end of the year No. 7 level
was being extended preparatory to driving a waste-pass raise system to No. 3 level.
Drifting on Nos. 4 and 5 levels, on a mineral occurrence encountered while raising
the shaft, disclosed an ore zone ranging in width from 6 to 28 feet and with a higher lead
content than encountered elsewhere in the mine. It is possible that this zone is a downward extension of the south end of the "A" ore zone.
Open-stope mining methods were used, and 168,119 tons of ore was mined and
milled.
The mine ventilation was both natural and mechanical, with approximately 29,000
cubic feet of air per minute being exhausted from the workings. A IS-horsepower 6 HS
Canadian Sirocco fan of 18,000 cubic feet per minute capacity was installed at No. 2
level intake.
Pieo (The
Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company of
Canada, Limited)
*By J. E. Merrett.
LODE METALS
65
On the surface a 500-ton coarse-ore bin was built and a 200-foot-long trestle leading
to it from No. 7 level portal.
New equipment included a vibrating coarse-ore feeder under the new ore-bin, a
I 00-horsepower Belliss-Morcom air compressor in the power-house, and two diesel locomotives (27 and 30 horsepower) underground.
The average number of men employed was ninety-five, of whom fifty were employed
underground.
HORSETHIEF CREEK (50° 116' N.E.)
Silt,er-Copper
This property is at an elevation of 8,600 feet, at the headwaters of
Ptarmigan
Red Line Creek, a tributary of McDonald Creek, which in tum is
a tributary of Horsethief Creek. H. F. K. See!, of Edgewater, is
the owner. A crew of three men was employed removing the ice from part of the old
workings and re-establishing ventilation. A small cut-and-fill stope was developed on
No. 3 level on a narrow quartz vein mineralized with tetrahedrite and pyrite. Six shipments of ore totalling 21 tons were made to the Trail smelter. Silver assays of these
shipments ranged from 15 to 203 ounces per ton. The property was in continuous
operation from May 15th.
SPI LLIMACHEEN*
Silver-Lead-Zinc
(50' 116' N.E.) Company office, 908 Royal Bank Building,
Silver Giant (Giant Vancouver; mine office, Spillimacheen. R. B. Buckerfield, president. A management contract is held by H. L. Hill and Associates,
Mascot Mines
Limited)
consulting mining engineers, Vancouver.
J. M. McDearmid,
general superintendent; J. C. Ehlers, mine superintendent; J. A.
Vallance, mill superintendent; D. C. Beddie, surface superintendent. The property is on
the west slope of Jubilee Mountain, on the northeast side of Spillimacheen River, 8 miles
hy road from Spillimacheen station on the Kootenay Central Railway.
Mining was discontinued on June 1st and milling on June 7th because the known
ore reserves were exhausted. Diamond-drill exploration was discontinued July 29th, at
which time the crew was reduced to a watchman.
Development work included 1,590 feet of drifts and crosscuts, 449 feet of raising,
and 8,059 feet of diamond drilling.
During the period of operation 75,237 tons of ore was milled. A crew of 107 men
was employed.
VOWELL CREEK*
...,iltmr-Lead-Zinc
(50' 116' N.W.) Company office, Suite 1001, 335 Bay Street,
Ruth-Vermont
Toronto. President, D. R. Derry. The property is on Vermont
(Rio Canadian
Creek about 3 miles west of its confluence with Vowell Creek,
Exploration Ltd.) which is tributary to the Spillimacheen River by way of Bobbie
Burns Creek. It was reported that a small amount of diamond
drilling was done and a geochemical survey was made of soil samples.
FIELD*
Silver-lJead-Zinc
Monarch and Kicking Horse (Base Metals Mining Corporation, Limitedl.-(51"
116" S.E.) The mill equipment was removed and shipped to the property of Cowichan
Copper Co. Ltd. on Cowichan Lake. While removing the equipment, 60 tons of lead
concentrate and 94 tons of zinc concentrate were recovered and shipped to the Trail
smelter.
• By J. E. Mcrrttt
'
n6
REPORT OF THE MINISTRR OF MINES, 1957
SKAGIT RIVER*
Copper
A.M.
(49" 121 o S,E,) Company ofllce, Hope, S, A, Perry, Toronto,
president; F, R, Thompson, mine manager. The A,M, group con-
(Canam Copper
Company Ltd.)
sists of eight Crown-granted claims, in addition to which the Parks
Western Nickel
Limited
Vancouver; mine office, Hope.
Branch of the Department of Lands and Forests allowed usc of a
small area in Manning Park under Park Usc Permit No, 10, The
property is on the western boundary of Manning Park and is about 4 miles by road
southerly from approximately Mile 26 on the Hope-Princeton Highway, The claims are
about 24 miles southeast of Hope,
The 4300 level adit was driven an additional 603 feet; the total distance driven on
this adit since it was started in 1955 is 5,454 feeL Much of the work was done with
considerable difficulty in the water-bearing sheared zone in granitic rock, Work was
suspended in February, 1957,
HOPE*
Nickel-Copper
(49° 121' S,W,) Company office, 1111 West Georgia Street,
D. W. Pringle, manager; L. R.
Archibald, mine superintendent, The property is at the head of
Stulkawhits (Texas) Creek, which flows eastward into the Fraser
River about 6 miles north of Hope, From a point on the Trans-Canada Highway 10
miles north of Hope, a good gravel road, 5, I miles long, leads up Stulkawhits Creek to
the mine camp near the 2600 adit portaL A branch road from the camp provides access
to the 3550 adiL
In November, 1954, work was suspended after the 2600 adit, an inclined raise,
and the 2950 sublevel were driven, This work provided access for diamond drilling
beneath known mineral occurrences.
In April, 1957, The Granby Consolidated Mining Smelting and Power Company
Limited was appointed to conduct the management of the mine, The road from the
mine to the highway was rebuilt throughout, and a machine-shop, change-house, warehouse, assay office, crushing plant, concentrator, and
concentrate~storage
buildings were
built at the mine, Concentrate-loading facilities were built at the Canadian Pacific Railway siding at Choate,
In the underground workings, the inclined raise from the 2600 level to the 2950
sublevel was continued to the 3550 level and was converted to an internal shaft for
servicing this and intermediate levels, A station was cut at the 3250 leveL An ore-pass
was driven from the 2600 level to the 3550 leveL A raise 700 feet long was being driven
in the Pride of Emory orebody from the 3550 level to surface,
Sublevel and shrinkage methods
or
mining arc being used.
Production started in
January, 1958,
The following summary supplied hy the management shows the underground work
completed during 1957: Winze, 456 feet; ore-pass, l ,200 feet; raises, 1,780 feet;
drift and sublevels, I, 121 feet; diamond drilling, 7,264 feeL ;\t the end of the yc1r 240
men were employed.
Gold
Blue Chip
(49'' 121" S,W,) This property, comprising eight claims held by
record, is adjacent tn the Trans-Canada Highway approximately
1 mile west of Laidlaw. D. Mc\Villiams hJs an a!?recmcnt with the
recorded owner, George Steeves, to operate the property. The showings are in diorite
and consist of several narrow stringers containins pyrrhotite, arsenopyrite, and chalcopyrite, striking north 34 degrees east and dipping about 15 degrees northwest, The
stringers have been explored by former owners with open-cuts and short tunnels.
"'By R. B. King.
67
lODE METALS
In 1957 two trial shipments of vein material totalling 3,280 pounds were sent to
the Tacoma smelter.
HOWE SOUND*
Copper
(49" 123" N.E.) Head office, 730 Fifth Avenue, New York,
mine office, Britannia Beach. E. C. Roper, president; J. S.
N.Y.;
Britannia Mining
and Smelting Co. Roper, acting manager, succeeded G. C. Lipsey, vice-president and
general manager who retired November, 1957; L. Allan, mine
Limited
superintendent. The company owns and operates the Britannia
mine and concentrator at Britannia Beach. The following summary supplied by the
management provides details of the operation in 1957:-
Classification hy TypP
Class
Drif1s
Crosscuts
Raises
Powder workings___
·--T-ot_'_'s _ _
'
-~~u~f
Jane
No. R
~·io
t:,~i4
9'i
214
4\J
21
::,o74
2,512
1,652
46o
20}
:nH
215
Fairview
-~~t-,,-
I
Em~rcss_l_Victoria
Ft. --r--F-,,-.,·· ~
I
]
Total
Ft.
1,154
100
814
1
------------~~--- _ _'·_"_'_,_-- 5,76~~-~--'-'_4 _ L_ -ix-~-2,()()8
I
-
1
Ft.
3,665
843
6,216
2,09o
-12,814
I
Classification hy Mine
Mine
____ I Ct"~"'' ~-St-on-e ---,-----·-T_o'_'_'_I :~_r'_;'"_o~~~
FL
153
924
X34
Jane
No.8
Bluff
Fairview
Empress
Victoria
I
1
I
I
1
I.
1,007
I
Ft.
735
2,468
4,930
684
18
1,061
Ft.
888
3,392
5,764
6R4
18
2,068
6.93
26.47
44.91!
5.34
0.14
16.14
2,918_l_97l:96_l_12,814-ll~
Totals
--·------
I
I
I_ _ _
The ore is mined by caving, shrinkage, open-cut-and-fill and filled square-set mining
methods. The tonnage broken in the various sections of the mine was as follows: Bluff,
403,618; Fairview, 113,683; Victoria, 92,717; No.8, 198,537; Jane, 34,794; Empress,
2,619; development, 5,692; total, 851,660 tons.
The consumption of explosives and blastjng accessories was: Powder, 18,802 cases;
electric blasting-caps, I 0,977; No. 6 blasting-caps, 338,760; safety fuse, 2,534,405 feet.
The accident-frequency rate for the mining department was 0.28 per 1,000 shifts
worked. The severity rate was 16.71 shifts per 1,000 shifts worked. The total men on
the mine payroll at the end of the year was 323, including 50 staff. The total number of
shifts worked in the mining department was 134,851.
The total number of full-time employees in all departments at Britannia at the end
of the year was 523. The accident-frequency rate for the whole operation was 0.23 per
I ,000 shifts worked. Production: Ore milled, 849,212 dry tons.
Iron
Texada Mines
ltd.
"' By R. B. King .
•
TEXADA ISLAND*
(49" 124° N.W.) Registered office, 626 West Pender Street,
Vancouver. A. D. Christensen, San Francisco, president; B. L.
Alexander, general manager; J. Kenneth Halley, chief engineer;
J. Yuill, mine superintendent. This property is on the southwest
68
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
coast of Texada Island about 3 miles westerly from Gillies Bay, which is nearly 70 air
miles northwest of Vancouver airport. The Prescott, Paxton, and Yellow Kid orebodies
were mined during the year.
Magnetite is mined in pits from levels which arc established at 20-foot intervals.
Waste rock is stripped where necessary and hauled to waste dumps. Vertical holes are
drilled with Joy and Gardner-Denver rotary drills and wagon drills and are blasted electrically. The broken ore or waste is loaded by 21/z -cubic-yard diesel-driven shovels into
15-cubic-yard-capacity trucks and is transported to stockpiles or to the crushing plant.
Ore is crushed in three stages, and a concentrate is made by magnetic separators. The
fine concentrate is conveyed to storage bins and then to the concentrator. In the concentrator it is ground in ball mills and classified. The classifier discharge is pumped
to flotation cells, where a copper concentrate is made. The flotation tailings arc passed
over wet magnetic separators, and a magnetite concentrate is recovered. This concentrate
is dried in a rotary kiln and is conveyed to a stockpile.
A new loading-dock was built to replace the dock destroyed December 5th, 1956,
by a slide of marine silt.
In 1957, 209,271 tons of magnetite concentrates was shipped. Approximately
I 00 men were employed.
VANCOUVER ISLAND*
BENSON (ELK) LAKE (50° 127° S.E.)
Iron
Company office, 736 Granville Street, Vancouver; mine office,
Port McNeill. J. A. C. Ross, general manager; A. Shaak, mine
manager. This property is south of Benson and Kathleen Lakes
in the Quatsino-Nimpkish area of Vancouver Island. It is reached
by a 25-mile road from Port McNeill on Broughton Strait. Magnetite ore is mined from two open pits on the Merry Widow orebody at an elevation of
2,500 feet. Vertical blast-holes are drilled by Gardner-Denver rotary drills. Broken
rock is loaded by 21/z-cubic-yard diesel-driven shovels on to trucks and hauled about
I mile to a crnshing plant. Crushed material is conveyed to a loading-bin at the head of
an inclined surface tram. Ore is loaded into 8-ton-capacity skips which operate in
counterbalance. The ore is dumped from the skips into a bin and is then conveyed to
the concentrator, at an elevation of 800 feet, where it is crushed and ground to proper
size. The magnetite concentrate is separated magnetically and is stockpiled. The concentrate is trucked to Port McNeill, where it is again stockpiled for shipment. The
surface tram, crushing plant, concentrator, and stockpiling and ship-loading facilities
were built during the year.
Empire Development Company
Limited
The mine produced 121 ,423 tons of ore, yielding H2,068 tons of magnetite concen-
trate, of which 65,033 tons was shipped.
ZEBALLOS (50" 126" S.W.)
White Star
(Cascade Lode
Mines Limited)
Company office, Powell River. C. J. L. Lawrence, president;
H. A. Thielman, managing director. This property is on Spud
Creek, a tributary of Zeballos River, and is about 5 miles from the
village of Zeballos. The workings of the White Star mine were
rehabilitated and some drifting was done. In December, 1957,
a shipment of 5 tons of hand-sorted ore was shipped to the Tacoma smelter.
• By R. B. King, except as JJolcd.
69
LODE METALS
UPPER Qu!NSAM LAKE ( 49"
125o N.\V.)
Iron
Company office, Campbell River. A. F. Geiger, general manager.
This property is near 'Cpper Ouinsam Lake, 23 miles by road from
Campbell River. It was in operation from April to July. 1957,
and during that time a final clean-up of ore and concentrate was
completed. AU operations were suspended and the machinery and
equipment removed from the property. Since work commenced
in January, 1951, 2,660,527 cubic yards of material was stripped.
4,027.337 tons of ore was mined, and 2,193,917 tons of concentrate was shipped.
Iron Hill
(Argonaut Mine
Division of Utah
Co. of the
Americas)
TsoLUM RIVER ( 49 6 125° N.E.)
Company office, 1111 West Georgia Street, Vancouver. Gordon
C. Murray. president and managing director. This company holds
(Mt. Washington ninety-six claims by record and four Crown-granted mincra I claims
Copper Co. Ltd.) known as the Domineer group. The claims arc on Mount Washington, at the headwaters of the Tsolurn River, and are 14 miles
northwest of Courtenay. Noranda Exploration Company. Limited, optioned the prop~
erty and explored it by a geological and geophysical survey, surface trenching, and diamond drilling. During 1957, 1,200 feet of diamond drilling was done.
Domineer
TRANQUIL INI.ET (49' 125°
Fandora and Gold
Flake (Moneta
Porcupine Mines,
Limited)
S.W.)
Company office, 408 West Pender Street, Vancouver. R. H. Seraphim, exploration manager. Moneta Porcupine Mines, Limited,
acquired management control of this property in 1957. The prop~
erty includes the Edmar, Gold Flake, Bell, and E.M. groups of
claims on Tranquil River, about 6 miles from the head of Tranquil
Inlet. Tranquil Inlet is on Vancouver Island ahout 115 miles by
11ir west of Vancouver airport.
During the year a crew of six men completed some road
work and constructed a light tram-line from the road to the mine at an elevation of 1,500
feet.
ALBERS! CANAL ( 49" 124 ° S.W,)
H. P. Kilioran, president. This group of claims consists of two
Kitchener !Mineral Crown~granted claims, the Kitchener and the Modoc, and sevenResearch Limited) teen claims held by record. The claims are about IIi miles south
of Port Alberni on Chesnuknuw Creek, which flows westward into
Alberni Canal. Surface prospecting, trenching, and 750 feet of diamond drilling were
carried out during the year.
[Reference: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept. 1931, p. 166.]
COWICHAN LAKE (48o 124° N.E.)
Head office, 620 Howe Street, Vancouver; mine oflicc, Lake
Blue Grouse
Cowichan. Oswood G. McDonald, president and general man·
(Cowie han Copper ager; J. R. Billingsley, mine manager; D. C. Rotherhum, geoloCo. Ltd.)*
gist This property consists of three Crown-granted mineral claims
and sixty claims held by record. It includes two old properties,
the Blue Grouse and Sunnyside, and is on the south side of Cowichan Lake about 3 miles
hy motor-road northwest of Honeymoon Bay.
'" By N. D. McKechnie and R, B. King.
0
"'"
LEGE NO
~Diorite
c:=:JBo,olt
~Tuff
\> . ·, ·.cd Suloh>rlo>
J_-~?\Foull
Figure 3. Cowichan Copper Co. Ltd. "E" zone on 1340 level and
possible extension on 1!00 level.
71
LODE METALS
The property has been partially explored on two levels--the 1100 and the 1340-and on two sublevels-the 1280 and 1430.
Aside from development carried out in preparation for milling, the principal work
done was drifting and raising on the "E " zone on the 1340 level. The " E" zone is
a mineralized tuffaceou> horizon l 0 to J 5 feet wide which. on the 1340 level, lies about
1,000 feet due south of the G-H orebody (see Ann. Rept., 1956, pp. 120-122). It is
exposed for about 300 feet on a strike of north I 0 degrees east, and for some 150 feet
on a dip of 65 to 70 degrees west in a raise at the north end of the zone. On the 1100
level a similar zone is exposed for a length of I 00 feet, with a similar dip to the west, but
this zone lies some 200 feet east of the projection down dip of the zone on the 1340 level.
Diorite is exposed east of the north end o'f the zone en the 1340 level and west of the
zone on the II 00 level; it is not known whether or not these exposures are parts of the
same diorite body. On both levels the zones are cut by post-mineral faults of small
displacement; on the 1340 level the zone terminates both northerly and southerly against
such faults. The principal mineralization is pyrrhotite, which in places has almost completely replaced the bedded rock. The pyrrhotite is irregularly veined with small stringers
and irregular masses of chalcopyrite and pyrite. Small grains of specular hematite occur
sparsely,
The zones on the two levels (see Fig. J) may be interpreted as (a) parts of the same
bed with a fold lying east of the 1340 level and above the 1100, (b) parts of the same bed
separated by a fault. or (c) two separate tuffaceous horizons. Exploratory drilling was
continuing at the end of 1957.
The following summary, provided by the management, shows details of the opera·
tion since the present company started working in 1953:Ft.
2,899
Crosscutting
8,439
Drifting _
854
Sublevelling
2,915
Raising ~-­
Diamond drillingSurface
14,24 7
Underground
38,869
Mill construction on the property was started in the early spring, and the mill went
into operation in December at 300 tons per day.
In 1957, 9,234 tons of ore was shipped to the smelter at Tacoma.
[References: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Repts., 1952 to 1956; B.C. Dept. of
Mines. Bull. 37, Geology of the Cowichan Lake Area, pp. 54-57.]
N!TINAT (48° 124° N.W.)*
Company office, 620 Howe Street, Vancouver. Oswood G. McDonald, manager. This property of fifty-two recorded claims is
west of the Nitinat River and north of the headwaters of Horne
Creek. The property was described and previous references were
listed in the Annual Report for 1956 (p. 123).
In 1957 an adit on the O.G.M. 20 mineral claim at about 1,200 feet elevation was
driven south to degrees west to intersect a shear zone exposed on the hillside about
50 feet higher in elevation. The shear zone strikes north-south and dips 72 degrees west:
it is about 40 feet wide and is sparingly mineralized with chalcopyrite. The rock is
andesitic lava and amphibolite; limestone is exposed south of and slightly higher in
elevation than the shear-zone exposure. The rocks strike north 40 degrees west and dip
65 degrees southwest.
Nadira Mines
Limited
•
By~
D. McKechnie,
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
72
The shear is exposed on surface by an open-cut for a strike length of about 50 feet.
The face of the ad it, at 102 feet from the portal, had just reached the zone when work
was suspended.
Avallin Mines Ltd.
Company office, 620 Howe Street, Vancouver. Oswood G. McDonald, manager. The property, held by record, consists of
seventy-eight claims situated about half a mile southeast of the
Nitinat River at Tenas and Granite Creeks.
The rocks are basaltic to dacitic volcanic flows with some thin tuffaceous horizons
and minor limestone lenses.
They are intruded by diorite.
Locally the volcanic rocks
are altered to amphibolite, ilvaite-garnet skarn, and epidote-garnet skarn.
The formations are folded into open northwestward-trending flexures of small
amplitude.
Faulting in two directions was recognized, one fault striking north 83 degrees west,
dipping 80 degrees south, and apparently post-mineral; the other striking north to north
I 0 degrees east, dipping 80 to 86 degrees east, and sparsely mineralized. The stronger
north-south faults show a subsidiary shearing striking north 45 degrees east and dipping
55 degrees southeast, and their intersection plunges at 30 degrees to the south. Other
related structures which might influence mineralization could plunge in the same direction.
Mineralization is chiefly pyrite with chalcopyrite and, rarely, magnetite. It is asso-
ciated, in the main, with the skarns and amphibolites. The principal showings are on
the northeast side of Tenas Creek at about 1,500 feet elevation on mineral claims O.G.M.
182 and O.G.M. I 84. Mineralization, varying from sparse chalcopyrite to perhaps
I 0 per cent chalcopyrite, is exposed in eight small open-cuts for a strike length of 1,000
feet. Not enough work has been done to establish continuity. The strongest mineralization is in the two southeasternmost open-cuts, where chalcopyrite occurs in a grey dacite
llow about 30 inches thick on the west limb of an anticline. The grey dacite is overlain
by green dacite of comparable thickness and underlain by amphibolite; amphibolite also
forms the hangingwall of the green dacite. These rocks appear to be terminated immediately to the northwest by a fault. The fault is not exposed, but the distribution of
outcrops indicates that it may be a north-south fault.
JORDAN RIVER
(48" 124" S.E.)
(:opper
Head office, Tadanac; mine office, River Jordan. This property
is on the Jordan River about I mile upstream from the mouth.
The present workings are reached by a branch road, I mile long,
that leaves the Provincial highway from Victoria abont half a mile
east of River Jordan post office. An adit about 100 feet above
sea-level was started and was driven 4,349 feet. This adit is to explore the downward
extension of an extensive shear zone in basalt and gabbro that is well mineralized with
Sunloch anll
Gabbro (Sunro
Mines Limited)
chalcopyrite.
structed.
A r.::ompressor-house, machine-shop, and explosives magazine were con-
Forty-seven men were employed.
Placer
ATLIN*
SPRUCE CREEK (59" 133' N.W.)
This underground placer mine is at the confluence of Dominion
Creek with Spruce Creek and is 12 miles by road from Atlin.
Mining consisted of salvaging pillars. Old workings along the
original J-drive on the north side of the channel were re-entered in
the hope of reclaiming what appeared to be a substantial pillar, but values on mining did
not stand up to those obtained in testing. As a result, the crew was reduced to a minimum in September from a maximum of nine men. Pay gravel mined consisted of I ,485
cubic yards from pillar salvage and 55 cubic yards from general cleanup. Recovery:
Gold. 755 crude oz.
Mr. Falconer worked alone on a drift on his lease.
Dan Langevin staked a lease adjoining Mr. Falconer's property, started a drift, and
did some sniping.
Noland Mines
Limited
WRIGHT CREEK (59" 133° N.E.)
The property of nineteen leases owned by the Compagnie Francaise des Mines
d'Or du Canada is operated by Walter W. Johnston and associates, of San Francisco.
Some work was done in the old shaft on the I 04 level. The heading had been driven
40 feet upstream when work was stopped due to failure of the pump.
McKEE CREEK (59" 133" S.W.)
Three placer-mining leases on McKee Creek, about I 0 miles south of A !lin, are
owned by Joe and Louis Piccolo and George Watt. They hydraulicked approximately
10.000 yards of gravel between the middle of May and the early part of October.
BouLDER CREEK (59' 133" S.W.)
Seven placer leases on Boulder Creek, approximately 15 miles northeast of Atlin,
owned by Norman Fisher and Ole Olson, of Atlin, are under option to purchase by
W. S. Weber, of Abbotsford. Mr. Weber and a crew of five began operations in May
and finished in the early part of October. This hydraulic has not been worked for some
years and setting up of the new plant prevented an early start.
OMlNECA*
QUILL CREEK (54° 128" N.E.)
Three partners headed by Mr. McKenzie worked in a short drift headed upstream
on Quill (Porcupine) Creek, about 3 miles west of Ritchie.
LORNE CREEK (54° 128° N.E.)
Some work was done on Lorne Creek by a partnership headed by George B. Rolph,
of Prince Rupert.
'" By D. Smith.
73
74
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
CARIBOO*
HIXON CREEK (53' 122' S.W.)
Company office, 2032 Third Avenue, Seattle, Wash.; mine office,
Hixon Placers Inc. Hixon P.O. H. W. Hargood, president; C. J. Norris, superintendent. This property, consisting of twenty-one placer leases, is
3 miles up Hixon Creek from the Cariboo Highway. A pipe-line from a diversion dam
on Hixon Creek was completed and I 0,000 yards was hydraulicked.
WILLOW RIVER (53' 121° S.W.)
Coulter Creek.-D. D. Clarke hydraulicked some gravel on Coulter Creek, a tributary of Slough Creek.
Williams Creek.-Thomas Crawford hydraulicked some gravel on the east bank
of Williams Creek near Richfield.
Lowhee Creek.-R. E. MacDougall continued to hydraulic in the Lowhee pit.
Five men were employed.
LIGHTNING CREEK (53' 122' S.E.)
lightning Creek.-Angus Creek Placers Ltd. did a small amount of hydraulicking
on its lease at the junction of Angus Creek and Lightning Creek.
Mostique Creek.-Mr. and Mrs. P. J. Macdonald hydraulicked gravel from a gravel
bank about 75 feet high.
Gagen Creek.-G. S. Gagen sluiced a small amount of gravel on Gagen Creek.
KEITHLEY CREEK (52' 121° N.E.)
Keithley Creek.-Thomas Payne ground-sluiced for a short period on his lease
near the junction of Four Mile Creek with Keithley Creek.
L. Fournier ground-sluiced during the summer on his lease.
E. Mitchell constructed a boomer dam and ground-sluiced 60,000 cubic yards of
overburden on his lease at the junction of Keithley and Little Snowshoe Creeks.
Cariboo Falls Placer.-0. A. Goldsmith drilled several churn-drill holes to test
ground on his placer lease near the junction of Keithley and Honest John Creeks.
Nigger Creek.- Thomas Payne hydraulicked a small amount of gravel on his lease
at the headwaters of Nigger Creek, a tributary of Cariboo Lake.
Jack Monet ground-sluiced a small amount of gravel on his lease.
Barr Creek.-R. H. Grant did some testing of his placer lease on Barr Creek, a
tributary of McMartin Creek, which flows into the Swift River.
Rollie (Duck) Creek.-A. E. Sandberg and partner drove a short rock tunnel and
intersected gravel which had been located by drilling.
FRASER RIVER*
LILLOOET AREA (50' 121' N.W.)
This lease is on the Fraser River opposite the Pacific Great Eastern
Railway station at Fountain. The property is 13 miles by road
from the Lillooet-Bridge River road. A bulldozer is used to mine
the gravel and push it to a hopper at the top of a washing plant. About 3,000 cubic
yards of gravel was washed during the year .
Fountainview
.. By R. B. King.
PLACER
75
BRIDGE RIVER*
Hurley River.-(50" 122" N. W.). W. Haylmore and one man did some work
on his lease on Hurley River near Gold Bridge.
SIMILKAMEENt
TULAMEEN RIVER
(49" 120" N.W.)
G. Francis worked for about one month on his placer claim 3 miles west of Princeton.
M. Heap did 2,500 feet of stripping by bulldozer on his lease 2 miles west of
Princeton.
GRANITE CREEK ( 49" 1200 N.W.)
John G. Craigie and A. Pecton did 21 feet of drifting on their placer lease half a
mile south of the mouth of Granite Creek.
VERNONt
HARRIS CREEK (50" 118" S.W.)
R. Fosberry did some hydraulicking on his leases on Harris Creek.
MoNASHEE CREEK, SouTH FoRK (50" 118" S.E.)
L. R. Callahan and J. R. Hemmett worked on their lease on Monashee Creek half
a mile south of the junction with Sugar Creek. Operations this season were confined to
removing overburden by bulldozer and to installing a small hydraulic.
COLUMBIA RIVER:j:
KIRBYVILLE CREEK (51" 118" N.W.)
Company office, 2360 Abbott Street, Kelowna. J. H. Buckland,
president. This company owns Special Placer Mining Lease No.
462, an area of 3. 9 square miles on the west side of the Columbia
River at the confluence of Kirbyville Creek and opposite the
mouth of Goldstream River. The property is reached by boat
from Mile 56 on the Big Bend Highway, north of Revelstoke. Activity in 1957 was
restricted to exploratory drilling.
LARDEAUt
West Columbia
Gold Placers
Ltd.
LARDEAU CREEK (50' 117" N.E.)
W. Hladinec and A. Bobicki, of Beaton, own Placer Mining Lease No. 465 at the
main falls on Lardeau Creek, 5 miles by road from Ferguson. A short access road was
built to the falls from the Lardeau Creek road. Living quarters were erected. It is
the intention of the partners to divert the creek around the falls through a 40-!oot
diversion tunnel.
FORT STEELE§
Fort Steele Gold
and Silver Mines
Ltd.
(49° 115" N.W.). Registered office, 1442 Bay Avenue, Trail;
mine office, Box 1720, Cranbrook. D. Shirling, president; C. F.
Gorse, manager.
Four placer leases on Wild Horse River at the
mouth of Fisher Creek are held by C. F. Gorse.
A crew of four
men, after installing a bucket conveyor, a sluice assembly, a 4-inch
monitor, and a 2,700-gallons-per-minute pump, washed about 10,000 cubic yards of
gravel.
* By R. B. King.
t By A. R. C. James.
+By J. W. Peck.
§By J. E. Merrett.
Structural Materials and Industrial Minerals
CONTENTS
PAGE
ASBESTOS_
76
77
77
79
83
84
90
90
94
BUILDING-STONE _
CLAY AND SHALL
GYPSUM______
------ ·-- __ _
LIMESTONE AND CEMENT __ _
MARL
SAND AND GRAVEL ____________________ _
SILICA-
ASBESTOS
Mount McDame (59" 129" S.W.). Head office, 1001 Richmond
Street West, Toronto; mine office, Cassiar. F. M. Connell, president; J. D. Christian, general manager; N. E Murray, general
superintendent. A gravel road 86 miles long connects the property
with the Alaska Highway at mile 648.8 west of Watson Lake. The
property consists of forty-two claims, of which thirty-nine are Crown-granted. The mine
is on Mount McDame at an elevation of 6,300 feet. The modern company town of
Cassiar and the mill are located in the valley of Troutline Creek at an elevation of
3,540 feet.
At present mining is by open pit at 6,110 feet elevation. No underground development was done in 1957. The ore, high-grade chrysotile asbestos, occurs in fractures in
a serpentine dyke which strikes north 15 degrees west and dips 45 degrees east. The
crushing plant at the mine was relocated in 1957.
In 1957 mining was carried on from April 17th to November 6th. During that time
413,615 tons of ore and 876,349 tons of waste were broken. The aerial tram-line
operated from April 24th to October 15th and carried 225,884 tons of ore; the other
188,943 tons of ore was carried by trucks operating under contract to the company.
At an average daily rate of 1,100 tons, the mill processed 402,198 tons of ore to produce
the following grades of fibre:
Tons
Spinning gradesNo. I Crude __
19_00
9_60
AAA
AA
1,362.10
A_
5,786.00
Cement grades8,100.95
AC
AK_
11,113.95
AS_
2,280.45
AX
2,771.20
Cassiar Asbestos
Corporation
Limited*
31,443.25
TotaL
*
By David Smith.
76
STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
77
During the year a crew averaging 354 men was employed.
Additional buildings constructed in 1957 included a 70- by 150-foot fibre-storage
shed, a 40- by 160-foot mechanical and electrical shop, a 40- by 120-foot carpenter-shop,
a 70- by 140-foot heavy-duty garage (incomplete), a 20- by 65-foot power-house addition (incomplete), a 36- by 90-foot office, a 30- by 60-foot addition to the recreation
hall, and seven Pan-Abode dwellings.
The lunchroom and drill repair-shop at the mine was destroyed by a serious fire in
August, and was immediately replaced by a semi-permanent structure. Safety has been
given every consideration, and under the direction of Peter Davies, safety officer, a safety
programme is helping to reduce the accident rate materially. Dust control within the
mill has been improved by the addition of a bank of Wheelabrator dust collectors.
BARITE
Company office, Meech Building, P.O. Box 273, Lethbridge, Alta.;
quarry office, Brisco. R. A. Thrall, managing director; William
MacPherson, superintendent. This company owns one barite quarry
7 miles west by road from Parson siding and another 5 miles west
by road from Brisco, both in the Windermere Valley, south of
Golden. The Parson quarry (51 o 116 o S. W.) was operated for a short period, during
which time 425 tons of barite was shipped to the company's processing plant at Lethbridge.
The Brisco quarry (50" 116° N.E.) operated for a ten-month period, during which
time a crew of seven men quarried, crushed, and shipped 19,647 tons of barite to the
Lethbridge plant. Two new quarry faces were developed at the north end of the outcrop.
Prospecting revealed two barite outcrops extending as far south as 2,200 feet from
the quarry. Approximately 350 feet of surface stripping was completed by bulldozer on
the outcrops and between them and the quarry. The work completed was not able to
Mountain
Minerals
Limited*
demonstrate continuity between any of these occurrences.
Approximately 500 feet east of the north end of the quarry and on the south bank
of Templeton River, an adit was begun 25 feet below a 14-foot-wide outcrop of barite.
The drifting was stopped after an advance of 25 feet when the barite disappeared either
by pinching or faulting. A second adit, directed to intersect the north end of the main
barite body, was begun 200 feet west of the initial adit, and was driven 220 feet without
intersecting the main barite zone.
Five hundred feet of diamond drilling was completed in six surface holes. The
average number of persons employed was nine, of which two were employed underground.
Jnvermere (50" 116° S.E.). Company office, 221 Eighth Avenue
West, Calgary, Alta. Chris Hansen, manager. This company owns
a group of four claims on the south side of Toby Creek, 8 miles
west of Invermere. The property adjoins the Bunyan claims.
A crew of four men was employed diamond drilling and bulldozer
stripping an outcrop of barite.
Larabee Mining
Exploration
Company*
BUILDING-STONE
ANDESITE
(50" 127" N.E.)
Company office, J. A. and C. H. McDonald
Haddington Island Limited, 1571 Main Street, Vancouver; quarry, Haddington Island.
Quarryt
Andesite is quarried to obtain dimension stone for building pur-
poses. The quarry face slopes about 45 degrees, following the
main jointing of the deposit. Stone is undercut by drilling and blasting; the ends
of the stone are formed by a secondary joint system. Drilling is done with air machines
• By J. E. Merrett.
t Ry R. B. King.
78
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
using conventional steel with a spade-shaped bit. Holes are drilled 3 to 4 inches apart
for shaping the stone and are blasted with black powder. The blocks removed weigh
up to 20 tons. Derricks are used to move the stone to scows, by which it is transported
to Vancouver for finishing. Six men were employed.
GRANITE
Cheam View (49° 12JO S.W.). Company office, 410 Mayfair
Avenue, Chilliwack; plant, Bridal Falls. Kenneth Jessiman, general manager. The quarry is on the Trans-Canada Highway 11
miles east of Rosedale. Rock is mined by drilling vertical blastholes with jackhammers. It is broken to approximately 8 inches and is piled under temporary shelters and dried with open-flame kerosene burners. The dried rock is loaded on
to wheelbarrows and transported to a dry-process crushing and screening plant. The
plant produces turkey, chicken, and bird grits, stucco dash, sand-blasting material, filler
for asphalt roofing, and sand material for automotive vehicles. Twenty men were
employed.
Little Mountain Quarry. t -Chilliwack ( 49° 121 o S.W.). This pit is on the north
slope of Mount Shannon about 1 mile northeast of Chilliwack. It is operated intermittently by the Fraser Valley Dyking Commission to obtain rock for dyke repairs. During
1957 about 13,400 tons of rock was quarried.
Valley Granite
Products Ltd.*
Pitt River ( 49° 122 o S.W.). Company office, 902 Columbia Street,
New Westminster; quarry office, Pitt River. J. H. Gilley, general
manager; Francis J. MacDonald, superintendent. Quartz diorite
is quarried to obtain rock for jetties, dykes, and concrete aggregate.
Rock is broken from a quarry face, which is nearly 100 feet high, mainly by coyote-hole
method of mining. Broken rock is loaded by a 2-cubic-yard diesel-driven shovel into
12-cubic-yard-capacity trucks and is transported to a crushing plant. The crushing plant
consists of a 42- by 60-inch jaw crusher which discharges crushed rock over an inclined
6-inch grizzly to a conveyor belt for loading scows. Undersized material ( -6-inch) is
stockpiled. Hydro-electric power to run the plant is produced on the property. Twentyfive men were employed ..
Gilley Bros.
Limited*
Nelson Island (49° 124' N.E.). Company office, 744 West HastVancouver Granite ings Street, Vancouver; quarry, Nelson Island. W. C. Ditmars,
Co. Limited*
president. Rock for building purposes, monuments, jetty rock, and
rubble are mined at this quarry. The mining is done by drilling
the rock to size, following a mineral lineation pattern, and blasting and wedging for
removal. Derricks are used to move the stone to scows, by which it is transported to
Vancouver for cutting and finishing. Approximately 1,200 tons of stone was produced
during the operating year. Six men were employed.
SLATE
Howe Sound (49° 123° N.E.). Head office, Richmix Clays Limited, 2890 East Twelfth Avenue, Vancouver; quarry, McNab
Creek. G. W. Richmond, manager. Slate is quarried for flagstones, roofing granules, and filler. Rock is broken from a 30-foot
quarry face by drilling and blasting horizontal holes. Broken slate is hand-loaded into
scows. The product is shipped to Vancouver for grading and sizing. The quarry is
operated intermittently.
McNab Creek
Slate Quarry*
* By R. B. King.
t By J. W. McCammon.
STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
79
Jervis Inlet (50" 123° S.W.). Philip Graham, president; J. Ehlers,
quarry superintendent. This property is on an Indian reservation
west of Deserted Bay on the south side of Princess Royal Reach in
Jervis Inlet. Slate is mined by slashing it from the quarry face.
Broken slate is hand-sorted, and marketable sizes are split to 1/z -inch thickness. Some of
the stone is trimmed with a diamond saw.
In 1957 approximately 200 tons of flag-stone slate and 3,000 slate tiles were produced and shipped to Vancouver.
British Columbia
Slate Co. Ltd.*
CLAY AND SHALE
CENTRAL BRITISH CoLUMBIA
t
In the 1957 field season seventeen samples of clay and shale were collected from
central British Columbia. The samples were submitted to the Industrial Minerals Division
of the Department of Mines and Technical Surveys, Ottawa, for ceramic testing. The
results of this testing are recorded in I.M. Report 496, December 13th, 1957. A summary of test results is on pages 80 to 82.
LOWER MAINLAND AND VANCOUVER ISLAND
(49° 122° S.E.)
Head office, 302 Credit Fancier Building, Van-
Clayburn-Harbison couver; plants, Kilgard and Abbotsford. R. M. Hungerford,
Ltd.*
managing director; G. H. Peterson, manager; A. G. Westaway,
assistant plant manager. The name of the company was changed
from Clayburn Company Limited in June when Harbison Walker Refractories Company
purchased a partial interest. Two plants are operated by this company; one, in which
sewer-pipe and flue-linings are manufactured, is at Kilgard; the other, in which facebrick,
refractories, special refractory shapes, and refractory specialties are made, is at Abbots-
ford.
In the Kilgard plant, sewer-pipe and flue-lining are extruded through dies, pre-dried,
and burned in down-draught beehive kilns. At this plant a new Bonnet horizontal extrusion machine was installed and the kilns were converted from oil to natural-gas firing.
In the Abbotsford plant, bricks are dry-pressed or extruded through dies, hand set
on cars, and passed through a drier.
From the drier the bricks pass into a tunnel kiln 300 feet long. At this plant a
third International dry press and a second Clearfield dry pan were installed. This plant
was also converted to the use of natural gas for firing the ware. Some shale used in the
manufacture of refractories is precalcined in a !50-foot rotary kiln. The rotary kiln is
also used for bloating of certain shales.
Shale is mined from certain members of the Huntingdon formation on Sumas Mountain. Three underground mines and two open pits produce shale for the plants. A roomand-pi11ar method of mining is used in the underground mines, and extensive use is made
of roof-bolting for ground support. Holes are drilled with tungsten-carbide-tipped augers
which are driven by air-operated drills. Stumping-powder is used in blasting down the
shale. Scrapers, operated by 30-horsepower electrically driven hoists, are used to move
broken shale directly to mine cars. Jn the open pits, shale is mined in 20-foot benches
by drilling and blasting vertical and horizontal holes. Broken shale is hauled to the
plants by truck.
Shale mined during 1957 totalled 75,547 tons, of which 32,454 tons was used in the
production of facebrick and firebrick and 10,827 tons was used for sewer-pipe and fluelining. Calcined shaJe and light-weight aggregate produced in the rotary kiln amounted
to 12,359 tons. Twenty men were employed in the mining operation.
• By R. B. King.
t By J. W. McCammon.
Clay and Shnle Test Results
\
No.!
I
Location
I
Description
.
1
Workahilitv
I
I
--~~----------;
II
Cha~:Jt~~fstics
I .I
Fired Ch:uacteristics
P.C.E.
1
.,
Cone ~-Shn k- Ah~O·f)age
t1on
Colour
I
Hardnes~
Remarks
--~--~~--~~----~~----1-----·-----+----------+------------------
l
I
I
I
00
0
I
I
06
04
02
Per
Cent
,
3.7
I :u
:
7.6
I
I
I 11.7
I
Australian Creek. 60-footbank,light- 27.8 per cent wa1 mile east of grey non-calcare-. ter; works well
Highway No. 2.
ous clay.
and good plasticity.
Safe dryin[!: 5.6
per cent shrinkage.
,
5
!
I
'
I
Per
Cent
15.3
1
15.2
'
6.7
I
1.3
Salmon
Salmon
Dark salmon------Poor red_____________
Fairly hard.
Fairly hard.
VerY hard.
Steel hard.
Scummed moderately. Prohably suitable for drain-tiles,
common brick and buildingtile. A common clay.
I
0
--+---------1----------1----------1------- ·--- ----, -----,--~-- - - - - - · - -------2
Australian Creek, Mixed thin-bedded
1h
mile east of series of shales
Highway No. 2. above main coal
seam.
26.6 per cent water; works well
and good plasticity.
Slight cracking in
rapid drying; 6
per (ent shrinkage.
'
()(i
I
1
I
04
02
l
6
I
i
4.8
5.3
10.5
10.3
I
I
i
12.8
10.8
2.5
0.0
Dark salmon.
Dark salmon
Light red
Brownish red
Fairly hard.
Hard.
Steel hard.
Slightly overfired.
1
-·-
3
Mile 380.5 on High bank, lightP.G.E. 3~4 miles grey non-calcaresouth of Quesnel. ous clay.
37 per cent water;
works fair, very
plastic and sticky.
Cracks in slow
drying:
12 per
cent shrinkage.
16+
1
:
- - - - - - -------
4 ' North side of Cot- Grey clay under 36.1 per cent wa- Cracks slightly in
ton wood Creek, I foot lignite.
ter; works weU rapid drying; 8.3
! 2.1
miles southand good plas- per cent shrink! we~t of Cinema.
ticity.
age.
II
5
6
!
I
1
I
----,----·
I Canyon Creek by
I P.G.E., centre
30-foot
bank, 25.7 per cent wavarved, brown cal- ter; fairly plastic
I Lot 3182 north- careous clay.
but flabby.
I east of StrathnaI ver.
Safe drying; 4.9
per cent shrinkage.
I Mile
Cracks in rapid
drying; 7.2 per
cent shrinkage.
I
I
I
I
I
I
1 06
04
I 02
I
1
I
_
!
I
I
I
1
I
----------
·----~---
6.0
6.7
8.0
8.0
I
I
I
I
7.2
5.3
1.5
0.8
Brownish salmon
Brownish salmon
Brownish salmon
Light brown___
Very
Very
Steel
Steel
hard.
hard.
hard.
hard.
r
1
----~-----,-----1----
06
!
04
I 02
1
!
26
I
8.3
I 8.3
1 11.7
12.3
1
I 14.9
I 12.4
I
1
6.7
6.7
A common clay which scum~
slightly. Would likely be difficult to dry. Firing range
inclined to be short. Indication that difficulty would be
encountered in the manufacture of clay products.
The drying characteristics are
not favourable. Fired shr:nkage inclined to he h"g'1. A
common clay with a fairly
high r.c.E.
'------------
Buff__
Buff_
Salmon buff____
Salmon buff____
Fairly hard.
Fairly hard.
. Hard.
Hard.
A plastic low-grade firecla}
having a high drying and
fired shrinkage.
'
---· I,-----~----~----+-------1------ --------1-----------·---I 04 j 0.0 I 20.1 Brownish red
Fairly soft.
Could possibly be used for
4-5
! 02
I
1
1
I
I
I
1
18'14 on 15-foot bed of 27.3 per cent waC.N.R. west of grey-brown-cream ter; works well
Prince George.
bentonitic clay.
and very plastic.
I
I
26-
1
1
I
I
06
04
0.2
'
i
I
I
I
\
I
I
1
l
I
_ I
5
2.0
3.8
2.7
3.0
6.5
7.7
I
I
11'0.3
13.2
Brownish red
Brownish red
17.6
! 16.4
Ligfltbuff__
Light buff__
]
I
Buff__
I
I
I
l
I
I
I
11.6
6.9
Buff_______
Fairly 80ft.
Fairly hard.
Fairly hard.
Fairly hard.
Hard.
~- Very hard.
"'""m
drain-tile, common brick, and
building-tile. The clay is very
calcareous and consequently
has a short firing range in
which a hard, dense product
could be obtained.
Vanadium efflorescence. This
is a plastic low-grade fireclay.
::l
~
_,
:0
m
;,;:
z
~
m
"'~
;,;:
z
m
Y'
"'·~_,
I
I
l
Mile 19onC.N.R. 10-foot bank of 22.9 per cen! wa
we:;t of Prince .:ream bentonitic ter: works well
George.
day.
and very plastk.
7
Cracks
in rapid
6.5 per
20
06
I
04
!
02
1ka1
5
\1;
i 1n creel<.. at M!le Gre-:r
!t\lt:f clay
under hlack dia·
on
C.N.R.
I we~t of Prince wmaceous clay,
I (ieorge.
11
·:,5 per cent wMer;
works well and
gond plasticity.
CracK~
Per
cent
Cream_
I
firing
!
----l-
in rapid
drying; ~.i per
ccm shrinkage,
06
04
02
I
12+-
This
LU•
1
,,,
9,0
12.8
Dark salmon _
11.7
Dark salmon _
9,4
7,8
1(},7
u.o
R<d
Fairly harct.
Fairly h<~rd.
H;ud.
Red.
Hard.
!
I
106
I
9
jlrown, very
~·arcous
cat~
rlay.
?8.6 per cenl wa- Safe drylnj;!~ 3.1
ter: works well per t"X:"nt shrinkand good plasw age.
i
!idly.
Hl
I
tcr: works fairly
wt·ll.
· n·s~.
1
ill!
$,2
Fairly hard.
Salmon
Light red
FaJrly hard.
Very hart\
Steel bard.
4 :S-f o o t bank, 28.6 per cent wavarved blue-black ter; works well
and brown calca~ Hnd goOd p\a$" age.
reous. clay
!idly, :somewha!
nabby.
·---~--1
I
RO<I
Scummed. not
a desirable
material, although it may
possibly be ased for drain·
2,4
tlle, common bt'ick,
~~!!_::._ _ _ .,...
:
o4
02
I
1
16.9
16.5
0,7
1.5
2.1
!!,.l
.Salmon ___ .
Salmon_
IRed _
Fairly hard.
Pairly hard.
Steel hard.
and
Scummed, not a <lesirab1e
material, although it may
ro~sibly he used for drain~
1tle.
common
brick,
and
bulld:ng-tJle.
to
135
per cent water;
very plastic and
, indined to be
j gr«a!>')' and stkky,
Rm>d " " " mllo Hl"k Fo1t SI. I 20.8 P" cent wa
east of north land-- John shale.
11er: works well
ing of Rolla ferry
;md fairly plastic.
on Peace River.
Safe
per
age.
I
Slight mcking '"
n~pid drytng; 5.9
per (:ent shrink
age.
"":0
""'
~
"'
>
I""
;;::
~
"':;:
"'
~
>
z
0
z0
c
::q
:::
I
······--1··----·
<tation by Tnu•h black
river due east of grey day.
Pouce Coupe,
I
06
tics
scummed, not a desirable
material, although it may
po!l..'Hbiy be used for drain·
1ile. ...-ommon brick, and
-··---····tcbUilding-tile.
}.~
I
.'\afe drying; 8.6
per cent shrifll;;-
i
"
J,7
Sairnon
',
Highway at
I Tn:mblay Creek,
i 3 miles east of
Arras.
!
s.o
o.s
04!
per
age.
tiS
11.1
$,5
0.5
1.0
t-..3-
____ I_
I Hart
I
I
i
1
----~-
II
\
·····-··.,
061
I
28.6 per cent wa-~ Safe
Hart Highway at J<;.foot
' Fox Creek. 2%. brown to
mile\ea~t of Prog- Cl!karoous clay,
"'m
1100r drying cttarac.tc.riaand the high firing
~brink age make this an undesirable materiul for clay
P.mducts~,_ _ __
~lhe
No fired results cnuld
obtained because of
taracterJstk;,
Bloated badly.
I
10-1-
I 06
I 04
I 02
5.1
.f ~~~~~ llJghl r:d
--~··~~ery hard
3-.6
I
47
!Ltght red
6.0
!
17
[______\
------~~--.~~---
Very hard
s""' h>nd
>
r
;;::
'"' z:0m
Slightly
scummed,
cracks
slightly in drying. Bloated at
cone 04 and slil?,htly bloated
at 02. Not suitable fnr clay
products. Might be suitable
for !lght"weight aggref:ate.
>
[;;
--··-·---
"'
~
Clay and Shale Test Results-Continued
'"
-...:..==-·
·~------:-.=~-
Fired Characlahtics
No.
l>c~ription
Locati()li
E.
Wnrkability
I
Cone
. . ' - · · · , - · - - · - - - ·S'"lnnlt- Ah~orJ.:rColour
Hardness
Hp;C
,
tt<"ln
------, · - - · - - ·
,--14
Bortlk\·:im;Iewest Black Fr>rl St.
of north enG of Joi:n ;,hal~.
:highway bridge
I over Pca-.·e Rh"er
I
15
:"~t-~~~ylor_.___ _j -----·--: Peace River con!~ 4 to 'I font shale
mine, head of \ rmlf nf main coal
Peace River Can-1 seam.
IIt 9 per cent
u:r: ph~~tk
work~ we11.
(IV,
'"
{\<1.
02
::.o
1(1,4
3.5
4.K
t\U
5.J
15.6 rer cent wafalr\y plastic
work~ well
Safe dryln;~; 3.4
per cenl :;hrinkage,
t4
10.9
0.1
1-
tV}
7 [
Road cut at Dear Black Fort St.! 175 per cent waLlats, 18 mil..:s i John shale.
tel; fairly pbstic
antl ~Ncrks ;vceJl.
west o1 Fil"rt St.
' Jo'1n.
---
!';
Lif?ht red.
Light retl.
Rod
Fairly
f'atr\y
Very hard.
I
Slig!Jt tendency to S<'Um,
woolQ be difficult ln dry, ln1 dkaEon<> are it mav he suit!' able for brick and. tfle with
care in dt!>il'lg.
I
-~--~'--·
i
16
Rem::trks
11.4
9.5
%.9
7.4
I
Light §:TCY
Ught grey.
\ligh1 grey
Grey
I Salmen
\Salmon
Salmon
, Ught
i----- ---·
Fairly haroi.
Fairly h:Jnl'.
Fairlv hard
Hard.
Fairly ~oft.
Failly ~ott.
Fairly hard.
Hard,
I
.~::::,::~:",;::."'~-
for farehrid, tile. sewer-pipe.
II
t.ons
~hm1ld
hrkk,
arc
that
-,n-u-ic-'ft-·
{his
shale
be su!lah\e for fa.;.'t:·
tlle, ~ewer-pire, and
1-"-u_e·_H~~!s_.____ . __
·~
Road cut, east Black Fort St. i 2L6 pu "nt w•· l"'ndcncv tn mck i
1 ban\ of Beatton Jolm shale.
ier; rood PlaR il\ rapid drying; !
1 River
nt bridge
!idty and wmks 6.7 pt:r cent
' (ln
Ccdl Lakt>
wt'll
~hrink:tf!:~.
road.
Thii shale ha'i a ln.,·
range and dries salclv.
.I.:ations
are that it is suitable
1G
I~
(M
1.1
,,,
lUi
2.0
1.2
\Salmon
. I.i¥hl reJ
I R<d
R<d
·----
Fairly hurJ.
Very hanJ.
Steel h;nd.
Steel hanL
. s;;ght tendency to scum, >;:are
\ would be rttjnirc-d in drying.
1 Short firintt range. n01
r~c.om­
mcndeU for produdlon
,1 day produ>:1S.
--'-'- · · - - -
of
---
";§'"
~
~
;!
m
:;::
z
~
m
"'0
'"
zm
;;::
"'"'
·~
"
STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
83
Fort Langley (49" 122" S.E.). This company opened a clay pit
about 8 miles east of Fort Langley on River Road. A large electrically powered scraper is used to scrape clay from the deposit to
a bin. Water is mixed with the clay in large tanks to form slurry.
The slurry is pumped to barges for transportation to the company
cement plant on Lulu Island.
Lafarge Cement
of North America
Ltd.*
Surrey (49° 122" S.W.). Head office, Victoria Tile & Brick Co.
Ltd., Vancouver; plant, Archibald Road, Surrey Municipality.
James McBeth, plant manager. During 1957 there was no production from this plant. An enclosed drying area was built, and
plant repairs were carried out.
Bear Creek Brick
Company*
Haney ( 49" 122" S.W.). Company office, 846 Howe Street,
Vancouver; plant, Haney. E. G. Baynes, president; J. Hadgkiss,
managing director. During the year the company name was
changed from Port Haney Brick Company Limited. Plastic clay
is mined from a low pit face adjacent to the plant by a V2-cubic-yard gasoline-driven
shovel and is transported by truck to a covered air-drying area. The clay is dried in a
rotary wood-fired kiln and conveyed to a dry pan for grinding. Brick and tile are formed
by a stiff-mud extrusion process and dried in a controlled-temperature drying-room. The
products are burned in down-draught beehive kilns. Conversion of the drying-rooms
and kilns to burn natural gas was almost complete by the end of the year. During 1957,
14,700 tons of clay products were produced. Sixty men were employed.
Haney Brick and
Tile Ltd.*
Barnet (49" 122" S.W.). Head office, 8699 Angus Drive, Vancouver; plant, Barnet. Surface clay is mined from a pit adjacent
to the plant and is transported to a covered air-drying area. Some
fireclay is obtained from Kilgard. Bricks are formed and dried
in a heated drying building. Common brick, Roman brick, and firebrick are burned in
rectangular oil-fired kilns. Seven men were employed.
Mainland Clay
Products Limited*
Bazan Bay (48" 123° N.E.). K. Bruce, plant manager. This
company operates a clay pit and brick and tile plant at Bazan. Bay
near Sidney, Vancouver Island. Surface clay is mined by scrapers
and stockpiled for drying. It is then ground in a dry pan. and
elevated to a storage hopper. Brick and tile are formed by a stiffmud extrusion process and dried in a temperature- and humidity-controlled drying-room.
The products are burned in. an oil-fired shuttle-type kiln. Common brick, building-tile,
and drain-tile are produced.
Deeks-McBride
Ltd. (Clay
Division)*
Victoria ( 48" 123 c S.E. ) . Office and works, 3191 Douglas Street,
Victoria. Surface clay is mined near the plant and transported by
truck to storage bins. The clay is air-dried, ground, and formed
into shapes by soft-mud extrusion process and then dried with
waste heat from kilns. Down-draught kilns are used to burn the
ware. During 1957, 3,500 tons of clay was mined.
Baker Brick
& Tile Company
Limited*
GYPSUM
Windermere ( 50° 115° S. W.). Company office, 306 Electric
Western Gypsum Railway Chambers, Winnipeg 2, Man.; quarry office, Athalmer.
Products Limitedt A. E. Portman, superintendent. This company commenced operations on July 6th, 1957, having acquired the Columbia Gypsum
"' By R. B. King.
t By J. E. Merrett.
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
84
Company Limited holdings and operating equipment in the Windermere area. The
quarry is on Windermere Creek, 10 miles by road from Lake Windermere station at
Athalmer on the Kootenay Central Railway.
A D-8 Caterpillar tractor was purchased and used to strip the overburden in advance
of the north and west walls of the quarry. The quarrying method was modified by replacing the churn drill with a wagon drill and jackhammers and by dividing the high advancing
face into three shorter benches.
A crew averaging sixteen men quarried and crushed 67,257 tons of gypsum and
shipped 50,561 tons. During the period of operation by Columbia Gypsum Company
15,642 tons was quarried and 21,957 tons was shipped.
The destination and approximate distribution of the total tonnage shipped was as
follows: Canada Cement Company, Exshaw, Alta., 24 per cent; Western Gypsum Products Ltd., Calgary, Alta., 20 per cent; Columbia Gypsum Company, Austin, W"'h. 22
per cent; Ideal Cement Company, Irvin, Wash., 15 per cent; Lehigh Portland Cement
Company, Metaline Falls, Wash., 15 per cent; and Richmond, B,C,, 4 per cent
LIMESTONE AND CEMENT
LIMESTONE IN THE PRINCE GEORGE AND DAWSON CREEK AREAS*
During the 1957 field season a search was made for possible commercial sources
of limestone in the vicinities of Prince George and Dawson Creek. Three limestone
deposits are known near Prince George. These are at Hansard, Beaverley, and Red
Rocky Creek. Marl has been reportedt at five localities in this area also, but in each
case the quantity available is too small to be of economic significance. In the Dawson
Creek region the closest calcareous deposits of economic interest are limestone outcrops
along the Hart Highway near Pine Pass and banks of calcareous tufa along the Peace
River at Hudson Hope.
Hansard
Limestone forms a ridge south of Highway No. 16 and the Canadian National Railway tracks 50 miles east of Prince George. Outcrops are on Lots 3073, 3070, and 2681
and extend along the highway for l'h miles between 1 and 2 Vz miles northwest of the
railway crossing at Hansard. The limestone is exposed in an intermittent series of bluffs
which reach a maximum height of 320 feet above road leveL
The largest exposure is I ,000 feet southwest of the highway at a point L 1 miles
northwest of the Hansard railway crossing. This exposure consists of a bluff which
extends for I ,000 feet parallel to the road. The rock is fine-grained light-grey limestone
of uniform appearance. It does not show recognizable bedding and is highly fractured.
Scattered fossils, probably archreocyathids, are present in some places. A chip sample
taken horizontally across 200 feet at the centre of the base of the bluff face had the
following percentage composition: InsoL, L04; R 2 0", 0.26; Fe 2 0", 0.10; MnO, 0.01;
MgO, 0.42; CaO, 55.10; P 2 0,, 0.01; S, 0.02; !g. Loss, 43.38; H 2 0, 0.08.
A second exposure of similar rock is behind a cabin L5 miles northwest of the railway crossing. It forms an isolated knoll 200 feet long, 75 feet wide, and 20 feet high.
At a point 1.6 miles northwest of the crossing a bluff of limestone at least 60 feet
high parallels the road for more than 150 feet
A large bluff of streaked dark- and light-grey limestone occurs 100 feet south of the
road 0.3 mile northwest of the last-mentioned bluff.
A fifth outcrop, 2Vz miles northwest of the railway crossing, consists of a small bluff
of dark-grey limestone at the edge of the road. A sixth outcrop, 0.2 mile farther to the
northwest, is a small bluff of light-grey limestone.
*By J. W. McCammon.
t Briti~·h Co/umhia Soil Survey,
Report No.2. 1946. pp. 5]-54.
STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
85
Except for one or two gullies, the main ridge is continuous between the outcrops just
described, but overburden and vegetation hide the bedrock. Undoubtedly these isolated
exposures are all part of one limestone band of considerable size. The band is probably
a continuation of the belt of Lower Cambrian limestone found in the Grand Canyon on
the Fraser River 15 miles to the southeast.
[References: B.C. Dept. of Mines, Bull. 11, 1941, p. 21 and Fig. 3; Bureau of
Mines, Canada, Pub!. No. 811, 1944, pp. 220-221.]
Beaverley
A low knoll of limestone projects through the glacial till near the centre of Lot 1893,
3 112 miles southwest of Beaverley, a settlement 13 miles southwest of Prince George.
A farm road in fair condition leads to the southwest corner of Lot 615, whence a disused
trail extends for a mile to the limestone outcrop. A reserve once put on the limestone
by the Department of Agriculture has been removed.
The limestone is fine-grained light-grey rock. It occurs in thin beds that enclose
small lenses and minute layers of white cherty material. The beds strike north 75 degrees
east and dip 55 degrees to the south. Bedrock is exposed for 250 feet along the strike,
and for 100 feet across the strike at the widest point. The limestone plunges under glacial
cover in all directions.
On the south side of the exposure the rock forms a steep face about 20 feet high.
A few tons of limestone has been quarried from this face. The remains of an old pot kiln
lie beside the quarry.
A second small outcrop has been reported* 600 feet from the one described above.
A sample consisting of chips taken at 5-foot intervals across 100 feet of beds at the
widest section of the outcrop had the following percentage composition: Insol., 5.50;
R"O", 0.30; Fe"O", 0.11; MnO, 0.005; MgO, 0.35; CaO, 52.40; P"O,, 0.04; S, 0.08;
lg. Loss, 41.53; H"O, 0.07.
Redrocky Creek
A prominent bluff of limestone occurs along the side of a hill north of Redrocky
Creek, just east of the Hart Highway 55 miles north of Prince George. The south tip of
the hill lies within Lot 3022 and the rest is in unsurveyed land to the north of this lot.
Limestone is exposed for more than I ,000 feet along the bluff parallel to and a
quarter of a mile northeast of the highway. Additional intermittent exposures are present
on the Westcoast Transmission pipe-line right-of-way that runs parallel to the bluffs 400
to 500 feet farther to the northeast; they extend for half a mile along the right-of-way.
At the northwesternmost outcrop the limestone is in contact with highly sheared argillite.
No other contacts were seen, since at all other terminations the limestone plunges beneath
overburden. The highest point on the hill is 300 feet above the highway.
The limestone consists of a dark-grey to black matrix crowded with round and ellipsoidal pellets 1 to 10 millimetres in diameter. The pellets are composed of ankerite or
ferroan dolomite, and are pale buff on fresh surfaces but weather to reddish brown; they
give the rock a porphyritic appearance. Stringers of calcite are abundant throughout
the rock. Fractures are numerous and closely spaced. No bedding is discernible at
close range, but varicoloured horizontal lines that may represent bedding can be seen
from the highway.
This rock is very similar in appearance to some parts of the Lower Cambrian limestone on the Fraser River at the Grand Canyon and also to parts of the Cunninghamt
limestone of the Cariboo district.
A sample consisting of chips taken at 10-foot intervals for 600 feet along the
base of the bluff starting at the southeast end had the following percentage composition:
• Briti.~h Columbia Soil Surrey, Report No.2, 1946, pp. 52-53.
B.C. Dept. of Mines, Bull. 38, 1957, p. 23.
t
86
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
Insol., 2.80; R 2 0 3 , 0.36; Fe 2 0 3 , 0.21; MnO, 0.005; MgO, 0.38; CaO, 53.82; P 2 0 5 ,
0.03; S, 0.02; Ig. Loss, 42.61; H 2 0, 0.08.
Pine Pass
The closest accessible limestone to Dawson Creek is exposed in rock cuts along the
Hart Highway 110 miles west of the town. In this locality, east of the Pine Pass summit,
the highway cuts through the Murray Range, which is composed of sedimentary rocks,
predominantly calcareous.
Samples were obtained at four rock cuts in the vicinity of the highway bridge over
the Pine River I 05 miles west of Dawson Creek.
The first sample was from a long rock cut 15.1 miles west of the bridge. In this
cut, dark-grey to black limestone occurs in thin, peculiarly crinkled beds. Interbedded
with the limestone are scattered 6-inch to 2-foot thick beds of light-grey dolomite.
A sample taken across 50 feet perpendicular to the bedding, with obvious dolomite
bands omitted, had the following percentage composition: Jnsol., 38.56; R 2 0 3 , 2.90;
Fe 2 0 3 , 2.03; MnO, 0.04; MgO, 5.56; CaO, 25.70; P 2 0,1 , 0.12; S, 0.12; lg. Loss,
27.29; H 2 0, 0.22.
Limestone of similar appearance outcrops along the road for nearly 4 miles toward
Dawson Creek.
The second sample was taken across a 150-foot stratigraphic thickness of beds
exposed in a road cut 3.2 miles west of the bridge. The limestone in this location is
fine-grained black rock with highly developed cleavage. The uppermost beds are interlayered with chert. The sample had the following percentage composition: Insol., 25.5;
R 2 0 3 , 0.70; Fe 2 0 3 , 0.91; MnO, 0.01; MgO, 1.94; CaO, 38.2; P 2 0r,, 0.03; S, 0.33;
Ig. Loss, 32.6; H 2 0, 0.09.
This cut is across the end of the long narrow ridge that runs northwestward from the
peak of Solitude Mountain.
The third sample was taken across 200 feet at the east end of a long outcrop I mile
west of Pine River bridge. The limestone is thick-bedded, fine-grained, black, brittle
siliceous rock. The sample had the following percentage composition: Insol., 47.9;
R 2 0 3 , 1.22; Fe 2 0,., 2.09; MnO, 0.02; MgO, 2.94; CaO, 20.8; P2 0 0 , 0.16; S, 1.40;
Ig. Loss, 24.7; H 2 0, 0.27.
A fourth sample was taken across 100 feet of black siliceous limestone exposed in
a small road cut 1.3 miles east of the bridge. The sample had the following percentage
composition: lnsol., 48.8; R 2 0", 0.64; Fe,O,., 0.63; MnO, 0.03; MgO, 8.30; CaO,
18.1; P 2 0,,, 0.06; S, 0.27; Ig. Loss, 23.3; H 2 0, 0.08.
Hudson Hope
Extensive deposits of calcareous tufa have formed along the north bank of the Peace
River at Hudson Hope, 51 miles by road west of Fort St. John.
One deposit extends from the ferry landing at Hudson Hope for 300 feet upstream
along the river bank. It is at least 30 feet thick in the centre and covers the slope for
about I 00 feet up from river level. The tufa has been deposited from a spring and
deposition is still taking place. A sample consisting of chips taken at random from the
surface of the tufa had the following percentage composition: Insol., 0.82; R 2 0", 0.18;
Fe 2 0", 0.09; MnO, 0.003; MgO, 0.97; CaO, 53.38; P 2 0 5 , 0.01; S, 0.08; Ig. Loss,
44.48; H 2 0, 0.22.
The remains of two pot kilns stand near by. Lime burned in the kilns is reported
to have been of good quality.
A second deposit of comparable size is on the river bank I 00 yards farther upstream.
A third and larger deposit covers the river bank for nearly 800 feet on Lot 11, 2.4
miles by road upriver from Hudson Hope. The deposit forms steep cliffs more than I 00
STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
87
feet high. Chunks of tufa are ploughed up in a field more than 300 feet back from the
edge of the cliffs. The deposit is a surface coating overlying black silty shales. Its thickness is unknown but may be at least I 00 feet in some parts. A sample of chips taken at
random from the base of the cliff had the following percentage composition: Insol., 5.28;
R 2 0:;, 0.80; Fe,0 3 , 0.30; MnO, 0.009; MgO, 1.59; CaO, 49.98; P,O,, 0.03; S, 0.04;
Ig. Loss, 42.30; H,O, 0.16.
Fife (49" 118° S.E.). Head office, Trail. G. S. Ogilvie, property
superintendent; Oscar Tedesco, quarry foreman. The quarry is
alongside the Kettle Valley branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway,
half a mile north of Fife. The limestone quarried here was shipped
to Trail for use as a flux in the smelter. On May 15th the quarry
was closed down for an indefinite period following arrangements
by the company to obtain limestone from a cheaper source of supply in Washington.
A crew of twelve men was employed on a two-shift basis during the four and a half
months of operation. The limestone shipped amounted to 23.433 tons.
Agassiz Lime Quarry.t-Agassiz (49° 121 o S.W.). Hiram Cutler, owner. Limestone is quarried to produce agricultural limestone, crushed rock, and chicken grit.
Limestone is blasted from a low quarry face and is transported by a J.-4 -cubic-yard loader
from the quarry to the crushing plant. Three men were employed.
The Consolidated
Mining and Smelting Company of
Canada, Limited*
Popkum (49° 121 o S.W.). Thomas Mairs, manager; Arthur Isaacs,
superintendent. Limestone is quarried to produce agricultural
limestone and industrial filler. The quarry is being worked in
benches nearly 25 feet high. Rock is blasted from the quarry face,
loaded into trucks by a !-cubic-yard front-end loader and transported to the crushing
plant. About 5,000 tons of limestone was quarried during 1957. Six men were employed.
Fraser Valley
Lime Suppliest
Vananda (49° 124 o N.W.). Head of!ice, 744 West Hastings Street,
Vancouver; quarry office, Vananda. Lafargc Cement of North
America Ltd., owner; W. D. Webster, superintendent. Limestone
is quarried to produce pulp rock for paper mills, agricultural limestone, crushed limestone, and cement rock. The quarry is worked on levels with faces
about 40 feet high. Vertical blast-holes are drilled with a Joy Heavy-weight Champion
drill. Broken rock is loaded by a 3-cubic-yard Bucyrus shovel into Euclid 63T trucks and
transported to a new crushing plant. This plant is equipped with an Allis-Chalmers 60by 48-inch primary jaw crusher, an Allis-Chalmers 36- by 48-inch secondary jaw crusher,
and a Pennsylvania impactor. Screens and belt-conveyors are installed to accommodate
two main sizes of rock-pulp rock from 6 to 12 inches and cement rock which is minus
three-quarters of an inch.
A loading-dock has been built which will load limestone on scows at the rate of
1.000 tons an hour.
Beale Quarries
Limitedt
Yananda (49" 124° N.W.). Offtce and quarry, Vananda. Stanley
Beale, manager. This quarry is at Marble Bay near Vananda.
Limestone is quarried to produce pulp rock and cement rock. The
quarry is worked with one face nearly 80 feet high and sloping
45 degrees to the horizontal. Horizontal blast-holes are drilled parallel to the quarry
face by air-leg machines. Blasted rock is loaded by a 'lz-cubic-yard diesel-driven shovel
and transported by trucks to a coarse scalping screen. Large sizes of rock are loaded on
to scows and sold as pulp rock; smaller sizes are stockpiled and sold as cement rock.
Seven men were employed.
W. S. Beale
( 1955) Ltd. t
*By A. R. C. James.
t By R. B. King.
88
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MIJ>ES, 1957
Vananda (49" 124" N.W.). Don McKay, owner. This quarry
is on the main road about 2 miles south of Vananda. White limestone is mined and sold for stucco dash and whiting. The white,
bleached limestone occurs as irregular masses in a blue-grey limestone. Open-pit mining
with low benches allows a selective recovery of the white limestone. Grey limestone is
sold for pulp rock and also exported for use in the glass industry.
During 1957, 2,400 tons of white limestone and 5,000 tons of blue-grey limestone
were produced. Three men were employed.
McKay Quarry•
Blubber Bay (49° 124" N.W.). Head office, 50 Maitland Street,
Toronto 5; British Columbia office, 1105 West Pender Street, Vancouver; quarry office, Blubber Bay; lime plants, Blubber Bay and
Vancouver. W. M. Tully, British Columbia area manager; Arthur
Pitt, Blubber Bay, plant manager. Limestone is quarried approximately 2 miles from the Blubber Bay plant. The quarry is worked in benches with faces
nearly 25 feet high. Horizontal and vertical blast-holes are drilled with wagon drills and
Gardner-Denver rotary drills. Broken rock is loaded by diesel-driven shovels on to trucks
and hauled to the Blubber Bay plant. There limestone is crushed, sized, and stockpiled
for use in lime-burning facilities at Blubber Bay and Vancouver, and also for sale.
Products are crushed stone, including sized rock, spalls, and fines or screenings,
quicklime (lump, crushed, and pulverized), and hydrated lime. Stone is supplied to such
industries as pulp and paper, cement, smelting and refining, iron and steel, agriculture,
etc. Lime is supplied for building, mining, pulp and paper, chemicals, agriculture, steel
and sugar industries.
The total number of men employed at Blubber Bay in 1957 was sixty.
Gypsum Lime
and Alabastine,
Canada, Limited •
Koeye River (51' 127" N.W.). P. 0. Christensen, president; A. A.
Christensen, secretary-treasurer. This company operates a limestone quarry on Koeye River, less than a mile from its mouth on
Fitzhugh Sound, 6 miles south of Namu. The limestone is mined
by drilling vertical holes with a small portable drill. The broken rock is hand-loaded into
narrow-gauge cars and hand-trammed to a scow-loading ramp. The 1957 production
was 12,500 tons, all of which was shipped to Ocean Falls pulp plant of Crown-Zellerbach
Canada Ltd.
Koeye Limestone
Co. Ltd.*
JeuneLanding (50' 127' S.W.). Head office, 1111 West Georgia
Street, Vancouver. Nils Erickson, quarry superintendent. This
quarry is on the east shore of Neroutsos Inlet about I !4 miles north
of Jenne Landing. Limestone is quarried for pulp rock for the Port
Alice pulp plant. The quarry is worked by advancing a low face
and using an air-leg type of drill for drilling horizontal blast -holes. Broken rock is loaded
by a lf2 -cubic-yard diesel-driven shovel and transported by truck to a ramp, where it is
dumped over a scalping grizzly. The coarse material is loaded on scows and fine material
is trucked to a stockpile. Three men were employed.
Alaska Pine
& Cellulose
Limited*
Head office, 500 Fort Street, Victoria. Gordon Farrell, president;
B. Franklin Cox, vice-president and general manager; R. E. HasCement Company kins, general superintendent. Gordon Farrell became president in
Limited*
September, 1957, and B. Franklin Cox became vice-president and
general manager in December, 1957. British Columbia Cement
Company Limited was incorporated August 1st, 1957, taking over all assets and business
from the original British Columbia Cement Company Limited, which changed its name
to Ocean Cement and Supplies Ltd., and is now a holding company.
British Columbia
*By R. B. King.
Cement worh at Bamberton, undercons:truct1on in 1912.
British Columbia Cement Company Limited plant at Bamberton to-day.
90
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
Quarries are operated at Bamberton (48" 123° N.W.) and Cobble Hill (48' !23'
N.W.) on Vancouver Island. At Bamberton, limestone is mined by drilling horizontal
holes with wagon drills. Broken rock is loaded by electric and diesel-driven shovels and
transported to the crushing plant by trucks.
At Cobble Hill the quarry face is about 80 feet high. Churn drills are used to drill
vertical blast-holes which have a 26-foot spacing and burden. Broken rock is loaded by
diesel-driven shovels into IS- and 30-cubic-yard-capacity trucks and transported over
7 miles of private road to the plant at Bamberton.
At Blubber Bay (49' 124' N.W.) a quarry was worked until May, 1957, and then
discontinued.
A new kiln, capable of producing cement at a daily rate of 3,000 barrels, was
installed at the Bamberton plant and commenced production in June, 1957.
In 1957, 685,119 tons of rock was mined. Of this, 501,743 tons of limestone was
quarried at Cobble Hill, 161,638 tons of rock was quarried at Bamberton, and 21,738
tons of rock was quarried at Blubber Bay. The production of cement was 2,652,000
barrels.
MARL
Popkum (49' 121' S.W.). Office, Chilliwack. A.M. Davidson,
manager. Marl and overlying humus are mined from a post-Glacial
deposit which has accumulated on the floor of Cheam Lake. This
material, on the north shore of the lake, is as much as 12 feet thick
and is dug by dragline and loaded on to trucks. Wet and semi-dry humus and marl are
produced for agricultural purposes. Two men were employed.
Cheam Marl
Products Ltd.*
Popkum (49° 121 o S.W.).
Popkum Marl
Product~
Limited*
W. A. Munro, manager.
Marl and
humus are mined from a post-Glacial deposit on the east shore of
Cheam Lake. Draglines are used to dig marl and humus. Some
of the material is dried in an oil-fired rotary kiln. Wet, semi-dry,
and dry humus and marl are produced for agricultural purposes.
Three men were employed.
SAND AND GRAVEL t
Wynndel (49' 116' S.W.) and Creston (49' 116" S.E.). The
Wynndel pit is at the north end of Duck Creek road adjoining
Seaman's pit. Gravel was mined from low faces using a loader and
was screened and crushed when necessary. The production was
used principally in road construction. In July the crushing and screening plant was moved
to a gravel bench on Goat River, 2 miles east of the Creston-Rykerts Highway.
Louis Salvador
and Sont
Wynndel (49' 116° S.W.). F. Merriam and J. Werner, owners.
This pit is on the Creston-Kootenay Bay Highway 4Yz miles north
of Wynndel. Gravel is mined from a steep face by angle bulldozing and is pushed over a coarse grizzly to remove large rocks.
Approximately 4,200 cubic yards was produced for building and road construction and
for dyke riprap.
Merriam and
Wernert
Seaman's Gravel Pit.t-Wynndel (49' 116' S.W.). G. Seaman, Creston, owner.
This pit is at the north end of Duck Creek road, 3 miles north of Wynndel. Approximately 400 cubic yards of road gravel is produced annually. The gravel is mined from
low faces by a front -end loader.
"' B} R. B. King.
'" Hy R. R_ King, except us noted.
:j: By J. E. Merrett.
STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
91
Company office, Box 461, Nelson. C. Ross, president; R. Bain
Oliver, manager. Capital: 10,000 shares, $1 par value. This
company operates a gravel pit on the outskirts of Nelson, part of
which was formerly owned by the city. Work in the past has been
intermittent, but a modern plant was installed about two years ago
and has operated steadily since then. The gravel is removed by dragline and then crushed
and sized. Production in 1956 was 42,700 yards; in 1957, 42,500 yards. Seven men
were employed.
Premier Sand and
Gravel Company
Limited*
Abbotsford ( 49" 122" S.E.). This pit is 7 miles west and 6 miles
Abbotsford Gravel south of Abbotsford. Gravel is mined by shovel and scraper.
Sales Ltd.
A plant, adjacent to the pit, crushes, washes, and sizes the gravel.
The products are used as aggregate in a ready-mix concrete plant
or are sold locally. Four men were employed.
Clearbrooke ( 49o 122 o S.E.). Dueck Building Supplies Ltd.,
Dueck's Gravel Pit owner. This pit is about 1 mile north of Clearbrooke. Sand and
gravel are dug from low gravel faces by an overhead loader and
transported to a bucket elevator, by which they are elevated to a crushing, washing, and
sizing plant. Pit-run, washed, and sized gravel are produced. A ready-mix plant furnishes concrete for local sales. Seven men were employed.
Aldergrove (49" 122" S.E.). C. N. Foster, owner. This pit is
Foster's Gravel Pit about 3 miles south of Aldergrove. Sand and gravel are mined
from low faces by a front-end loader. Pit-run gravel is sold locally.
The production in 1957 was 4,084 cubic yards. One man was employed.
Border Sand and Gravel Company.~White Rock (49" 122° S. W.). Office and
plant, Boundary Road, R.R. 4, White Rock. T. Lapierre, manager. Gravel is dug irom
low faces by an overhead loader. It is transported for washing and sizing to a plant or is
sold as pit-run gravel. Three men were employed.
Colebrook Sand & Gravel Company Limited. ~Cloverdale ( 49' 122 o S.W.).
Office and plant, Bayview Road, R.R. I, Cloverdale. F. Bray and J. Bray, owners and
operators. Sand and gravel are mined by an overhead loader, loaded on to trucks and
hauled to a semi-portable washing and screening plant. Washed and sized products or
pit-run gravel are sold locally. Two men were employed.
Sunshine Properties Ltd.~Newton (49" 122° S.W.). This pit is about I mile
south and 3 miles west of Newton on the British Columbia Electric Railway. Gravel is
mined from a low face by a diesel-driven shovel. Pit-run gravel is sold locally.
Corporation of the District of Surrey.~Cloverdale (49' 122' S.W.). Several
gravel pits are operated within the township for the purpose of road maintenance and
construction. Gravel is mined by diesel-driven shovels or by scrapers and is crushed in
portable crushers or used as pit-run gravel.
Corporation of the Township of Langley.~Murrayville (49' 122' S.W.). Several gravel pits are operated within the township for the purpose of road maintenance and
construction. Gravel is mined by diesel-driven shovels and is transported to crushers by
trucks or is used directly as pit-run gravel.
Hornby General Machinery Company.~Langley Municipality (49° 122' S.W.).
Office, Cloverdale; pit, Gobsell Road. Harry Hornby, owner. Run-of-pit gravel is
mined by a small diesel shovel from low pit faces. The pit is operated intermittently.
Gravel is sold locally.
S.U.B. Quarries Ltd.~Port Mann ( 49" 122' S.W.). Office, 611 No. 3 Road,
Brighouse. This company also operates the Richmond Bulldozing Co. Ltd. pit. Gravel
*By J. W. Peck.
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
92
is mined by digging low gravel faces with diesel-driven shovels. Most of the production
is supplied as pit-run gravel to a crushing plant and ready-mix plant adjacent to the pit.
Five men were employed.
Corporation of the District of Coquitlam.-Coquitlam (49" 122" S.W.). Several
gravel pits are operated within the township for the purpose of road maintenance and
construction. Gravel is mined by a small diesel shovel. Gravel is either crushed in
a portable crusher or used as pit run. In 1957 the production from all pits was 20,773
cubic yards.
Coquitlam (49" 122° S.W.). Jack Cewe, manager. This pit is
about 3 miles north of Coquitlam on Pipe Line Road Gravel is
mined from low gravel faces by a diesel-driven shovel and is
trucked to a portable crusher. Run-of-pit gravel and crushed
products are sold locally or used by an adjacent asphalt road-materials plant. Six men
were employed.
Jack Cewe
Blacktop Ltd.
Coquitlam ( 49" 122" S.W. ). Company office, 902 Columbia
Street, New Westminster. J. H. Gilley, general manager; E.
Gilley Bros.
Limited (Maryhill Johnston, superintendent. This pit and plant is on the Fraser River
near Coquitlam. Sand and gravel are mined from 30-foot faces by
Division)
a 21/z-cubic-yard diesel-driven shovel and trucked by 12-cubicyard trucks to a crushing plant. Crushed rock is distributed to two washing plants. Sand,
gravel, and crushed products produced from this property are transported by scows to
markets. Forty-five men were employed.
Coquitlam (49° 122" S.W.). N. P. Stromgren and C. B. Scott,
S. and S. Gravel Pit owners. This pit is on Pipe Line Road north of Coquitlam. Gravel
is mined from gravel faces 50 feet high by digging with a dieseldriven shovel or an overhead loader and is either crushed in a portable crusher or sold
locally as run of pit. Four men were employed.
Corporation of the Municipality of Burnaby.-Burnaby (49" 122" S.W.). S.
Thompson, works superintendent. The pit, on Stride Avenue, is operated by E. R. Taylor
Construction Co. Ltd. for the Municipality of Burnaby. Gravel is mined by digging with
a !-cubic-yard diesel-driven shovel. It is loaded into trucks and transported to a portable
crusher or is used as run-of-pit gravel.
Company office, !051 Main Street, Vancouver. J. W. Sharpe,
general manager. Two gravel pits and crushing plants were operated during 1957 by this company. One pit is near Coquitlam
(49" 122" S.W.) and the other is near the mouth of Seymour
Creek (49° 123" S.E.). At the Coquitlam pit, gravel is dug with a !-cubic-yard-capacity
dragline and is transported by a conveyor belt to a jaw crusher and then to the washing
plant. The washed and sized gravel is stored in steel bunkers and is sold locally or used
in a ready-mix cement plant. Ten men were employed.
At the Seymour plant, gravel is mined by a %-cubic-yard dragline at the edge of
Burrard Inlet. Gravel is transported by conveyor to the washing plant. Crushed,
washed, and sized gravel is shipped by scow or truck. Thirty men were employed.
Deeks-McBride
Ltd.
Lynnmour (49" 123" S.E.). Company office, Lynnmour. W. J.
Barrett-Leonard, manager. D. F. Spankie, director. This comHighland Sand
pany operates two plants-one on East Keith Road, Lynnmour,
and Gravel
Company Limited and one at 2962 Lambert Road, Langley Municipality. At the
Lynnmour plant, sand, gravel, crushed products, and road materials
are produced. Material is mined from low gravel faces by a %-cubic-yard diesel-driven
STRUCTGRAL MATERIALS
A~D
I!<Dl'STR!AL MINERALS
93
shovel and is transported to a crushing, screening, and washing plant. Gravel purchased
from local supplies is also prepared in this plant
At the Langley plant, gravel is mined by scraping, using two I >'2-cubic-yard crescent
scrapers driven by an electrically powered double-drum donkey engine. Gravel is conveyed to the plant, where it is washed, crushed, and sized.
During 1957, 216,471 cubic yards of material was handled by these plants, which
involved the following products: Crushed rock, 37,494 cubic yards; sand and gravel,
46,246 cubic yards; crushed fills, 83,741 cubic yards; hank-run fill, 48,990 cubic yards.
Madynn Gravel Co, Ltd.-Lynnmour (49° 123° S.E.). Company office. Keith
Road, Lynnmour. A. D. MacMillan, owner and operator. Gravel is dug by dragline
from the boltom of Lynn Creek. The run-of-pit gravel is sold locally. Three men were
employed.
West Vancouver ( 49° 123° S.E.). C. W. Bridge, general manager.
Capilano Crushing This company operated two crushing and washing plants in 195 7Co. Ltd.
plant No. I at 606 \.1arine Drive, West Vancouver, and plant No.
2 at 33 East First Avenue, Vancouver. Gravel is mined by dredging the foreshore near the mouth of the Capilano River. Two diesel-driven draglines arc
used to remove the graveL One of these loads gravel on trucks for transport to plant No.
I; the other loads gravel on scows for transport to plant No. 2. Total 1957 production
from both plants was approximately 330,000 cubic yards.
West Vancouver (49" 123'' S.E.). Office, Lower Capilano Post
Office. T. C. Routledge, president. This company operates two
pits-...No. I on the Indian reservation at the lower end of Lower
Capilano Road and No. 2 at the mouth of Lynn Creek at the lower
end of Brooksbank Avenue, North Vancouver. In both pits. gravel is scraped by a
7-cubic-yard scraper from underwater deposits and is conveyed to crushing, screening,
and washing plants. The production in 1957 was 213,000 cubic yards from plant No. 1
and 55,000 cubic yards from plant No. 2.
Routledge
Gravel Ltd.
Britannia Beach ( 49'' l 23' N.E.). Company office, 628 Carnarvon Street, New Westminster. Production from this pit started in
1957. Gravel is mined by scraping material from a high bank into
a large hopper. The oversize rock is removed and the finer sizes of
gravel are conveyed by an inclined belt to a washing and screening plant. The fine sand
is treated in an Aitkens classifier to remove fine deleterious material. The sand and gravel
are shipped by scow or railroad to markets. Ten men were employed.
Construction
Aggregates Ltd.
Hillside (49° 123° S.E.). Company office, 1075 Main Street,
Vancouver; plant, Hillside. J. E. Buerk, manager; Ray Kehoe,
superintendent. This pit is on the west shore of Howe Sound and
Gravel Limited
is accessible by road by Gibsons Landing. Gravel is mined by
washing with a constant ftow of water cascading over the high pit face. Gravel is loaded
by a 34 -cubic-yard diesel-driven shovel into 15-cubic-yard Euclid trucks and transported
to a crushing and washing plant. Washed and sized gravel is loaded on to scows for
transportation. The 1957 production from this pit was 320,000 cubic yards.
Hillside Sand &
Royal Oak (48° 123' S.E.). Office and plant, Keating Crossroad. Claude Butler, manager. Gravel is blasted or dug from
gravel faces by diesel-driven shovels and an overhead loader. It
is transported to a washing and sizing plant or is sold as pit run.
A ready-mix plant furnishes concrete for local sales. In 1957, 154,000 cubic yards of
gravel was mined. Five men were employed.
Butler Brothers
Supplies Ltd,
94
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
Saanich ( 48 o 123 o N,E,). Company office and plant, Royal Oak
Mcintyre & Harding Post Office, Saanich. Gravel is dug from gravel faces by Vz-cubicGravel Company yard diesel-driven shovels and is transported by trucks to a chute
and grizzly. It is then conveyed to a washing and screening plant,
limited
Sand, gravel, and washed and sized products are produced. A concrete plant for making concrete bricks, building-blocks, and drain-tile is also operated.
In 1957, 47,673 cubic yards of gravel was produced. Twenty-five men were employed.
Albert Head ( 48 o 123 o S.E.). Company office, 900 Wharf Street,
Victoria; plant, Royal Bay. D. E. Smith, manager; A. Parker,
plant superintendent. Two plants are operated by this company,
both of which are in the vicinity of Royal Bay. At plant No. I,
sand and gravel are mined by using a scraper on a slack-line cableway to loosen packed gravel from the high face. Gravel is loaded by a 1 V. -cubic-yard
shovel into a hopper, where it discharges on a conveyor belt and is conveyed to the plant.
Gravel is crushed, screened, washed, and classified, and the products are shipped by
scow to markets.
At plant No. 2, gravel is dug by a diesel-driven shovel from a low face, loaded on
to trucks and transported to a washing and screening plant.
Sand, gravel, and crushed products arc sold locally. The production from both pits
was 425,000 cub:c yards in 1957.
Evans, Coleman
& Johnson Bros.
Ltd.
Duncan ( 48 o 123 o N.W.). Company office, Duncan. In October, Butler Brothers Supplies Ltd. purchased this company and
continued to operate it under the same name. The pit is 4 miles
Ltd.
from Duncan on the Lake Cowichan Road. Pit-run gravel and
washed and screened sand, gravel, and rock are produced. Gravel is mined by an overhead loading machine and also by scraping. Pit-run gravel that is not used directly as
fill or road dressing is washed and sized in an adjoining plant. A ready-mix plant uses
the washed products as aggregate in concrete for local sales. During the year 30,000
cubic yards of gravel was produced. Three men were employed.
A. V. Richardson
SILICA
Cranbrook ( 49° 115' S.W.). Registered office, 530 Rogers Building, Vancouver; general office, 809 Eighth Avenue West, Calgary,
Alta.; mine office, Cranbrook. D. J. Fulton, president. The property is at the south end of a ridge between Kiakho and Jim Smith
Lakes and is reached by 5 miles of road west of Cranbrook.
A bulldozer was used to complete 450 feet of surface stripping, and fourteen diamonddrill holes, averaging 100 feet deep, were drilled at different locations on the property.
A crew of four men was employed.
Rimrock Mining
Corporation
Limited*
Oliver (49° 119° S.W.). Pacific Silica Limited. Registered
office, 717 West Pender Street, Vancouver; quarry office, Box 397,
Oliver. W. M. Hemphill, president; Ivan A. Hunter, manager,
Oliver. This silica quarry is on the Gypo mineral claim, owned by
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, and is 1 mile north
of the village of Oliver and from 800 to 1,200 feet west of the main highway.
The silica is blasted from the quarry face and is loaded into trucks by a diesel-driven
shovel. There are two crushing and screening plants. Selected white rock is treated at
No. 1 plant, where it is crushed, screened, and sacked, and is shipped for sale as stucco
Oliver Silica
Quarryt
*By 1. E. Merrett.
t By A. R. C. James.
STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
95
dash, roofing rock, poultry grit, and other silica products. The No. 2 plant, consisting
of a crushing and screening plant, was built in 1956 for the purpose of processing rock for
culk shipments. The product is trucked from the plant to the Great Northern Railway
at Oroville, Wash., and from there is shipped to metallurgical plants in Washington and
Oregon.
Throughout the greater part of 1957 the No. I plant was operated by Pacific Silica
Limited, while the quarrying and operation of No. 2 plant was by the Interior Contracting Company Limited on contract. At the end of September this contract was
terminated by mutual consent, and since then Pacific Silica Limited has been operating
both plants and the quarry. Bulk shipments of rock have, however, been substantially
reduced in the last quarter of the year due to customers holding large stockpiles. To the
end of September a total crew of seventeen men was employed by both companies. From
then until the end of 1957 approximately eight men were employed. A total of 7,486
tons of silica products was shipped from No. I plant. Bulk shipments of rock totalled
62,470 tons, and a stockpile of approximately 25,000 tons of rock was on the ground at
the end of the year; thus total production in 1957 was approximately 95,000 tons.
Petroleum and Natural Gas
By S. S. Cosburn
CONTENTS
PAGE
96
PRODUCTiotL
97
97
97
99
Pipe-line System ............. .
Refinery Installations
EXPLORATION ..
WELL SAMPLES ..
PRODUCTION
At tbe end of J 957 twenty-two oil wells and 130 gas wells, all in northeastern British
Columbia, were capable of producing from one or more zones in the Lower Cretaceous,
Triassic, Permo-Pennsylvanian, Mississippian, or Devonian formations. Because of market limitations, not all of tbese wells produced commercially during the year.
Oil was produced from tbe Boundary Lake, West Buick Creek, and Fort St. John
fields. Gas was produced from the Fort St. Jobn, Southeast Fort St. Jobn, West Buick
Creek, Montney, Kiskatinaw, and West Kiskatinaw fields. Field production figures for
1957, by formations, are shown in the following table. Previous production data are
included where applicable.
Oil Production (in Barrels)
Year
Pool
Field
1955
Boundary
TL"~"~:::::::::::=: ==:::: I Triassic
Schooler Creek<· lB~"'nd'":':: ~ I
Fort St. John-...... -_
Basal Gething ·--··-·.-.
Triassic ''C "_
Permo-Pennsylvanian ___ _
West Buick rcn'"'" ,,......- ...... 1 Nikanass:n _____ _
19S6
(Pool)
!
1957
107,439
31,919
9.096
... !-·
Total'
'Test.
Gas Production ( M S.C.F.) '
Year
Field
For! St, John
Pool
1954
1955
60,8lB
150,289
1S,362
Cadomin
Triassk"A" ·:;::::·····
!13,185
917,538
1,142,154
1,93 !,032
713,327
13,04(';
185,208
351,101
1,36L374
! 629,522
1.234
94,117
Triassic "A" and "B "_
Triassic" D"
Permo-Pennsylvanian __
Fort St. John Snc>tt""' .. Cadomin
Triassic "A"
Trias.1k" D ·•
Buick Creek West
Kiskalinaw
Permo-Pennsylvanian ___ _
Nikanassin
Triassic" D " _
Triassic "D ""
Permo- Pennsylvanian _______ _
Devonian ___________________ _
Kiskatinaw W's! ........... - Triassic" C "---
44&.851
··········-;~'"""'c;;;;;--T-;'7i';'ic-'c--;""'Ci::,~'";
----~T~n~"~''~~~~'~=~=c==•=c==~~~-~--~~~~~~ ,~~,~~~~~~~~~1 M S.C.F.=thousands of standard cubic feet.
square inch and a temperature of 60~ F.
A standard cubic foot
96
i5
measured at a
prCS~Sure
ot 14.4 pounds per
PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS
97
PIPE-LINE SYSTEM
At the end of 1957 the 650-mile 30-inch pipe-line of Westcoast Transmission
Company Limited was completed, and approximately 300 million cubic feet of gas per
day was being transported from Taylor. At Kamloops gas is supplied to Inland Natural
Gas Co. Ltd. for distribution through the Okanagan and to Trail and Nelson; at Sumas
gas is delivered to B.C. Electric Co. Ltd. for distribution and is exported to Pacific
Northwest Pipeline Corporation. Construction started in the fall of 1955 and the system
was opened on October 7th, 1957.
A 26-inch trunk line extends 83 miles along the Alaska Highway north from Taylor
and gathering lines branch from it. Pipe-line gas is brought from Alberta to the compressor station at Taylor as well as sweet gas from British Columbia fields south and
east of Taylor. Gas from the Fort St. John field and northern fields is sour and is treated
in the absorption plant.
REFINERY INSTALLATIONS
At Fort St. John a small absorption plant is operated by Plains Western Gas Company to remove from fuel gas hydrogen sulphide and other by-products.
The XL Refinery at Dawson Creek has a nominal design capacity of 1, 700 barrels
of crude oil per day. This will be increased to 2,500 barrels per day by the end of 1958
and to 3,500 barrels per day by the end of 1959. The petroleum products from this
refinery are finding a local market.
The McMahon plant at Taylor includes a scrubbing plant, jointly owned by Westcoast Transmission Company Limited and Pacific Petroleums Ltd.; a refinery jointly
owned by Pacific Petroleums Ltd. and Phillips Petroleum Company; and a sulphur plant
owned by Jefferson Lake Sulphur Company. Pipe-line gas from the scrubbing plant is
delivered to the No. I compressor station of the Westcoast pipe-line.
EXPLORATION
During 1957 seismic surveys were conducted by at least thirty-five crews and corehole drilling was done in two areas in northeastern British Columbia. Surface geological
and photogeoJogical studies were continued in the same region and in the Fernie area and
the Nanaimo basin.
Footage drilled increased 24.7 per cent over the 1956 total to 495,885 feet. One
hundred and eighteen wells were drilled or worked on during 1957, of which twelve were
completed as oil wells, forty-two were completed as gas wells (including one in process of
completion at the end of the year), two wells were deepened, three wells were suspended,
and forty wells were abandoned; two wells were being abandoned and eighteen were
being drilled at the end of 1957. These wells were all in northeastern British Columbia,
except two in the Vancouver area and one in the Victoria area. The table on page 100
lists all wells operated in 1957.
Oil was found in commercial quantities in the basal Gething of the Fort St. John
field, the Nikanassin of the Buick Creek field, and the Mississippian of the Blueberry field.
These formations previously had produced only gas. The proven limits of the Boundary
Lake field were extended to the south and west.
Favourable structural and depositional conditions and the existence of many reser-
voir horizons have resulted in an exceedingly high rate of gas and oil discovery. Of 308
wells drilled from 1942 to the end of 1957, 152 were completed as oil or gas wells.
The following table lists the status and footage of wells drilled from 1942 to the
end of 1957:~
The McM<lhon plant at Taylor and Westcoast Transmission Company Limited
pipe-line right of centre. (Bilvic Studio, Dawson Creek.)
Huntingdon metering :o.tation, the southern end of the Wc:o.tcoast natural-gas pipe-line.
(Abbotsford, Sumas and Matsqui News.)
99
PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS
Record of Wells Drilled since 1942
· --.
·
cum.
Comp.
Year
1942-1947
194S __
1949-1950 -----
--------
..... j
(,)
Oil
1952
1953 -1954 1955--
19561957 ...
························••!I
I
----------
I
I
8
12
I
I
'
3
3
3
I
'
I
'I
I
----
------------
Well~
i
I
----------------
Gas
Wells
Wells
I
195L_____
Cum.
Comp.
Cnmp.
Gas
Cmnp.
Oil
Wells
'
I
10
22
I
I
I
i
I
3
3
10
17
15
8
35
40
I
I
I
!
,
6
16
33
48
56
90
130
Cum.
Wells
A handoned
I
I
i
''
I
I
'6 iI
(2
I
I
I
I
I
I
7
16
16
39
28
37
58
93
Yearly
Total
Wells
Drilled
'
18
30
35
55
64
88
103
144
20
9
24
15
41
I
6
5
6
6
12
5
Cum.
Total
Wel!s
Dri!ied
Wells
A ban-
doned
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
9
15
22
3R
53
92
120
157
215
308
Cum.
,.,
Foot-
Foot-
'"
6,940
3,893
17,250
11,289
32,fi64
56,062
140,028
193,225
147,895
231,836
397,817
495,885
I
I
i
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
6,940
10,833
28,083
39,372
72,036
128,098
268,126
461,351
609,246
841,082
1,238,899
1,734,784
No completions.
NOTE.-Bt"cause of reclassifications of some wells, these columns may not balance.
1
Year
1953 -1954
1955
1956 -1957 --
I Producing
on Won,
I
9
(9
I
I
I
I
I
I
OilWells
Capable of
Producing
Gas Wells
Producing
I Capable
G" Woii•
of
Produc:ng
I
I
10
22
2
3
3
46
I
33
48
I
90
130
I
I
56
I
WELL SAMPLES
Unless otherwise directed, any operator who drills a well for petroleum or natural
gas is required to take samples of the bit cuttings representing interval depths of 10 feet
or lesser intervals.
The operator may be required to take samples by means of a core barrel. All cores
taken must be put in suitable boxes, not more than 36 inches long, which must be accurately labelled, properly protected and stored, and must be delivered as required.
So far as possible, cores taken in 1957 were examined and logged in the field.
All core from wells drilled in northeastern British Columbia is being stored in the
Dawson Creek area. Those companies without core-storage facilities in the Dawson
Creek area stored their core in the Department of Mines core-storage depot (Pan-Abode
building) in Pouce Coupe until September, 1957, when all core-storage space in that
building became filled. For the remainder of the year, and until more storage facilities
may be provided by the Department, the operators were notified to provide their own
core storage.
Samples of well cuttings are received at the Stratigraphic Laboratory in Victoria
during the drilling of each well. A part of each I 0-foot sample is washed, dried, and
stored in a labelled glass bottle in sequence with other samples from the same well so
that a complete set of samples from each well is available for examination. A duplicate
set of samples is bottled and sent to the laboratory of the Geological Survey of Canada
at Calgary. During 1957, 26,678 samples were washed and bottled in Victoria.
Wells Drilled or Worked On, 1957
No.
Well Name
I
D•to Spudded
I
Date Rig
Released
0
0
Total
Depth
1957
Footage
Status as at Dec. 31, 1957
------
Northeastern Briti.1h Columbia
Ft.
B.A. Shell Klua Creek_
Dome-BascD-Laprise Creek __
F.P.C. Richfield Brenot Creek..
(Gulf States) Clark Lake_
(Gulf States) Gundy Creek __
(Gulf States) Gundy Creek __
{Gulf States) Gundy Creek ..
(Gulf States) Gundy Creek ..
(Gulf States) Kotcho Lake _
(Gulf States) Kotcbo Lake_
(Gulf States) Kwokwullie ..
(Gulf States) Petito! River_
(Gulf States) Prophet River
H.B.-Union-Imper:al-Gutah Creek __
Hud~on's Bay-Union-B.A.-Milligan _
Hudson's Bay-Union-B.A.-Milligan
Imperial-Calvan-Farrell Creek
Imperial Pacific A lees __
Imperial Pacific Alces _
Imperial Pacific Alces East
Imperial Pacific Boundary
Imper;al Pacific Boundary _____ ---------------------------------Imperial Pacific Boundary __
Imperial Pacific Boundary
Imperial Pacific Cameron River __
Imper;al Pacific Flatrock _
Imperial Pacific Galata
Imperial Pacific Groundb'rch _
Imperial Pacific Kilkerran
Imperial Pacific Siphon Creek
Pacific Airport
Pacific Airport
Pacific Beatton _
Pacific Boundary ______________________________________
Pacific Buick Creek_
Pacific Buick Creek_
Pacific Buick Creek _
Pacific Buick Creek _
Pacific Buick Creek_
Pacific Buick Creek _
Pacific Buick Creek _
Pacific Buick Creek ______________________
Pacific Buick Creek--------------------------------.
·····---
2
35-H-94-G-8
I
I
3
4
'
6
I
2
I
I
I
I
4
'
9-L-94-A-5
1-23-84-14
3-30-84-14
14-20-84-13
6-11-85-14
8-Hi-85-14
11-10--85-14
16-4-85-14
3-17-87-23
2-21
8-29-83-15
5-5-84-24
12-31
1-26 86-16
94
97
--------------------
Dec.
Nov.
Dec.
Mar.
July
Nov.
Oct.
Feb.
Dec.
Jan.
26,
8,
27,
8,
6,
II,
4,
3,
20,
18,
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
It
--··-----·-
t2
I3A
t5
-----
---
Oct.
Dec.
Dec.
Mar.
Nov. 4, 1956
July 11, 1957
Aug. 7, 1957
Mar.
July
Oct.
Mar.
Aug.
Feb.
Feb.
Apr.
M•y
June
June
July
July
Aug.
June 3, 1957
Jan. 9, 1957
Jan. 15, 1957
Feb. 23, 1957
Mar. 8, 1957
Apr. 24, 1957
M•Y 9, 1957
June 5, 1957
June 4, 1957
July 27, 1957
-------
1, 1957
5, 1957
7, 1957
8, 1957
Feb. II, 1957
Jan.
Feb.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
Apr.
Apr.
Nov.
Sept.
Sept.
Feb.
July
Dec.
May
28,
7,
I,
17,
8,
6,
24,
27,
23,
25,
29,
29,
30,
7,
21,
22,
t
8-IS
6
7
8
9
10
---~--
June 17, 1957
1956
1957
1957
1957
1956
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1956
1957
1957
1957
1957
1956
Oct.
Jan.
Jan.
Feb.
Nov.
Mar.
Feb.
Sept.
Aug.
July
Dec.
May
July
Apr.
June
Oct.
64!
70I
5!0
8,137
7,018
4,425
4,467
2,450
2,185
2,033
28, 1957
4, 1957
12, 1957
11,1957
17, 1957
17, 1957
1, 1957
18, 1957
19, 1957
8, 1957
14, 1957
20, 1957
18, 1957
15, 1957
Apr. 22, 1957
15, 1957
31, 1957
21, 1957
29, 1957
I, 1957
28, 1957
10, 1957
1, 1957
1. 1957
2, 1957
20, 1957
2, 1957
24, 1957
27, 1957
-------
8,137
7,018
4,425
4,467
2,450
2,033
6,957
4,420
3,760
3,590
8,005
4,516
4,612
4,850
4,225
4,383
4,553
3,989
7,830
4,737
12,2!!7
8,678
12,040
l0,9D
4,225
6,549
5.027
4,601
4,751
4,025
4,022
4,782
4,029
4,859
4,141
4,020
4,145
294
4,420
3,760
3,590
3,473
4,516
4,612
4,850
4,225
4,383
3,559
3,989
7,830
4,737
12,287
3,934
i
I
'
'
'
I-
3,923
4,225
6,549
733
4,601
4,751
4,025
4,022
4,782
4,029
4,859
4,141
4,020
4,145
Location.
Drilling.
Drilling.
Drilling.
Gas well, Triass:c.
Gas well, Triassic.
Abandoned.
Gas well, Triassic.
Abandoned.
Drilling.
Abandoned.
Location.
Gas well, Devonian.
Abandoned.
Abandoned.
Abandoned.
Abandoned.
Oil well, Triassic.
Abandoned.
Oil well, Triassic.
Oil wet!, Triassic.
Abandoned.
Oil well, Triassic.
Oil well, Triassic.
Abandoned.
Abandoned.
Abandoning.
Abandoned.
Abandoned, July 26, 1957.
Abandoned.
Abandoned.
Gas we1J, Triassic.
Deepened and abandoned.
Gas welt, Tr ass: c.
Gas well, Nikanassin.
Abandoned.
Gas well, Triassic.
Gas well, Nikanassin.
Gas well, Nikanassin.
Gas well. Nikanassin.
Gas well, Nikanassin.
Oil well, Nikanassin.
Oil well, Nikanassin.
I"
m
""
::l
0
.,
0
...;
:I:
m
0::
z
~
m
I"
0
.,
0::
z
_f]
"'
~
~
Pacific Charlie Lake _
Padfic Fort St. John
Pacific Fort St. John_
Pacific Fort St. John
Pacific Fort St. John
Pacific Fort St. John_
Pacific Fort St. John_
Pacific Fort St. John
Pacific Fort St. John_
Pacific Fort St. John_
Pacific Fort St. John
Pacific-Imperial Cache Creek
Pacific-Imperial Red Creek
Pacific-Imperial Stoddart
Pacific-Imperial Stoddart_------Pacific Pouce Coupe
Pacific Red Creek _
Pacific Red Creek
Pacific Red Creek _
Pacific Red Creek_
Pacific Scurry Dawson Creek ___________________________________
Pacific Scurry Dawson Creek_
Pacific Scurry Dawson Creek
Pacific Scurry Dawson Creek ..
Pacific Scurry Dawson Creek __
Pacific Stoddart
Pacific Sunray Montney __
Pan-Am-Beaver River_
(Phillips) Beatton River __
(Phillips) Blair_
(Phillips) Highway __
(Phillips) Highway
(Phillips) Highway_
------- ----- --- --------(Phillips) Kobes __
(Phillips) Kobes_
(Phillips) Kobes._
(Phillips) Kobes._
(Phillips) Kobes
(Phillips) Kobes._
(Phillips) Kobes __
{Phillips) Kobes._
{Phillips) Mill;gan
(Phillips) Sikanni _
(Phillips) Town
(Phillips) Townsend
(Phillips) Townsend_
(Phillips) Umbach
Richfield-Canadian Decalta Big Arrow Creek----~-Richfield-C. F. des P. Caliph Grizzly Valley ..
Richfield Presoatou Creek_
93
May 28, 1957
38
72
75
79
so
81
83
84
"
9R
I
82
85
91
Jo-13
87
88
92
95
......
I
2
3
4
5
90
5
A-1
. .....
A-1
A-1
2
3
4
2
3
A-1
A-2
A-3
A-4
A-4-A
B-1
A-1
I
.......
A-1
A-1
A-2
1
I
I
I
Nov.
Nov.
Nov.
Nov.
Dec.
Feb.
Jan.
Mar.
Dec.
Dec.
Dec.
Feb.
May
Oct.
Mar.
Apr.
May
July
Sept.
Nov.
Nov.
Dec.
Dec.
Moy
Aug.
1,
15,
27,
27,
17,
9.
22,
16,
4,
8,
29,
13,
17,
24,
20,
1,
22,
28,
30,
7.
8,
10,
9,
3,
27,
1956
1956
1956
1956
1956
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1956
1957
1957
]057
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
Sept. 26, 1957
Mar. 8, 1957
Feb. 2, 1957
Feb. 7, 1957
Feb. 8, 1957
Jan. 17, 1957
Jan. 18, 1957
Mar. 8, 1957
Feb. 8, 1957
Apr. 5, 1957
Mar.
Apr.
July
Nov.
May
May
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Dec.
Dec.
12,
27,
22,
14,
14,
21,
3,
9,
26,
5,
8,
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
Dec. 26, 1957
July 6, 1957
Oct. 1, 1957
------._
_
_____________ , __
Sent.
June
June
Jan.
Dec.
Nov.
May
3,
27,
20,
15,
6,
23,
28,
5,953
4,475
6,474
4,600
4,446
3,093
4,005
3,845
5,841
6,619
6,695
2,400
5,571
5,256
6,775
4,990
2,900
3,020
2,760
2,935
3,100
6,423
4,932
.....
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
i
I
I
I
I
!
I
'
i
I
I
8,700
8,435
7,440
7,905
3,012
I'
I
I
May 30, 1957
8,197
May 13, 1957
Aug. 3, 1957
Nov. 8, 1957
Nov. 16, 1957
Oct. 28, 1957
7.575
5, 12!!
I
I
I
'
Mar.
Dec.
Feb.
Apr.
Nov.
Jan.
Jan.
Jan.
June 16. 1957
7.206
May 4, 1957
July 23, 1957
7,296
7,448
Mar. 30, 1957
Nov. 25, 1957
Mar. 9, 1957
5.070
12,631
4,761
12,
5,
26,
2,
29,
31,
18,
14,
1957
1956
1957
1957
1957
1957
1956
H.
6,525
5,046
1957
1957
1956
1957
1957
1956
1956
1957
·----------
June 19, 1957
Nov. 14, 1957
June 10, 1957
I
6,525
11
863
1,404
1,504
121
m
3,093
4,005
3,845
4,331
4,212
5,219
6,619
6,695
2,400
5,571
5,256
6,775
4,990
2,900
3,020
2,760
2,935
3,100
6,421
4,932
8,700
7,440
7,905
3,012
4,547
562
7,575
5,128
5,116
7,206
4,028
354
7,448
4,201
I
3,749
4,761
Oil well, Basal Gething.
Deepened, gas well, Triassic.
Gas well, Triassic.
Abandoned.
Gas well, Permo-Pennsylvanian.
Gas well, Cadomin.
Oil well, Triassic.
Gas well, Triassic
Abandoned.
Abandoned.
Drilling.
Drilling.
Abandoned.
Gas well, Permo-Pennsylvan"an.
Abandoned.
Abandoned.
Abandoned.
Gas well, Triassic.
Abandoned.
Abandoned.
Gas well, Cadotte.
Gas well, Cadotte.
Gas well, Cadotte.
Completing as a gas well, Cadotte.
Abandoned.
Ga~ well. Permo-Pennsylvan:an.
Gas well, Triassic.
Location.
Location.
Abandoning.
Gas well, Triassic.
Gas well, Triassic.
Gas well. Triassic and Mississippian.
Drilling.
Drilling.
Gas well, Triassic.
Location.
Abandoned.
Abandoned.
Drilling, approximately 200 ft. northwest of (Phi1lips) Kohes A-4.
Location.
Location.
Abandoned.
Drilling.
Gas well, Mississippian.
Gas well, Triassic and Mississippian.
Drilling.
Gas well, Triassic.
Abandoned.
Gas well, Triassic.
"'rn
,...0""
i'l
m
c:
==
)>
z
0
z
>
r!
,...~
Cl
>
"'
:;
Wells Drilled or Worked On, 1957-Continued
0
N
Well Name
No.
I
Date Spudded
I
Date Rig
Released
Total
Depth
Ft.
Sinclair-Canadian Atlantic
··---Sinclair-Canadian Atlantic.
-------Sinclair-Canadian Atlantic __
Sinclair-Canadian Atlantic_
------Sinclair-Canadian Atlantic
Texaco N.F.A. Bcatton River__
Texaco N.F.A. Boundary Lake ___
Texaco N .F.A. Boundary Lake ..
Texaco :1\'.F.A. Boundary Lake.
Texaco N.F.A. Buick Creek.
Texaco N.F.A. Buick Creek
Texaco N.F.A. Buick Creek._
Texaco N.F.A. Buick Creek __
Texaco N.F.A. Buick Creek..
----------------·-Texaco N.F.A. Nig Creek._
-----------Triad Beatton River
Triad Conroy Creek
Triad Prairie Creek
Union Buick Creek_
Union-H.B.-Milli[:!an Creek
Union Snyder Creek
(White & Lloyd) Blueherry
White & Lloyd-Fargo 0 Is Ltd. Blueberry
Wl1ite & Lloyd-Fargo o·ls Ltd. Blueberry_
White & Lloyd-Fargo ()"Is Ltd. Blueberry_
White & Lloyd-Fargo 0 Is Ltd. Blueberry
White & Lloyd-Fargo O:ts Ltd. Blueberry_
White & Lloyd-Fargo o;Js Ltd.-Blueberry __
White & Lloyd-Fargo O:ls Ltd.-Blueberry __________________________
(White & Ll-oyd) Halfway __
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1956
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
May 29, 1957
Sept. 4, 1957
!8
19
3
Jan. 26, 1957
Dec.t7,1957
Nov. 17, 1957
Feb. 27, !957
Oct. 27. 1957
Sept. 20, 1956
Jan. 24, !957
Feb. 12, !957
Aug. 10, 1957
July 27. 1957
June 15. 1957
Dec. 5; 1957
Dec. 20, 1957
June 31,1956
I
1
Feb. 12, 1957
Oct. 15, 1955
I
Oct. 30, 1957
B-2-3
B-3-1
B-5-1
B-6-1
B-13-2
2
4
6
7
11
12
13
14
15
7
I
I
I
I
73-G
2
ll
I2
!3
I4
l5
!6
Feb.
Jan.
Feb.
Jan.
Oct.
Nov.
Jan.
Feb.
Dec.
Sept.
o~·t.
Oct.
No-v.
Dec.
Sept.
12,
20,
5,
23,
23,
22,
23,
11,
24,
10,
26,
21,
21,
19,
19,
5,630
12,450
I
i
'
i
1957
Footage
5,630
12,450
1957
1957
1957
1957
4,545
4,220
4,958
4,705
Nov. 13, 1957
5,095
6,235
12,685
6,139
5,103
4,824
4,192
2,426
4,545
4,220
4,958
4,705
3,486
5,095
Mar. 18, 1957
5,670
5,670
Dec.
Mar.
Nov.
July
June
Dec.
Sept.
Sept.
Sept.
Dec.
1957
1957
1957
1957
1957
1951
1957
1957
1957
1957
4,932
3,1WO
4,018
7,045
8,158
11,886
4,147
4.198
7,300
3,562
4,932
3,800
4,018
Jan. 22, 1957
7,701
Oct. 15, 1957
7,846
5,202
Nov. 26, 1957
12,685
Mar.
10,445
4,824
6, 1957
Feb. 27, 1951
Mar. 19, 1957
Oct.
Nov.
Nov.
Dec.
19,
29,
16,
15,
4,192
294
29,
21,
15,
16,
16,
30,
18,
16,
5,
28,
8,158
6,8811
4,147
4.198
7,300
3,562
3,128
Status as at Dec. 31, 1957
Gas well, Triassic.
Abandoned.
Drilling.
Gas well, Mississ;ppian.
Drilling.
Abandoned.
Abandoned.
Suspended.
Drilling.
Gas well, Nikanassin.
Gas well. Bluesky.
Abandoned.
Abandoned.
Drilling.
Gas well. Triassic.
Location.
Abandoned.
Drilling.
Gas well, Triassic.
Suspended.
Abandoned.
Oil well, Mississippian.
Gas we!!, Triassic.
Oil well, M:ssissippian.
Gas well, Nikanassin.
Gas well, Nikanassin.
Oil well, Mississippian.
Abandoned.
Drilling.
Gas well, Triassic.
"'""m
0
~
0
"'...,
:I:
m
;;::
z
(;j
...,
m
.,"'0
;;::
z
J::l
Vancouver Area
Hereon-Key Evans_
Royal Can-Van Tor-Big. Horn Kuhn-
!88
3,780
Suspended.
Abandoned.
1,575
Drilling.
"'
~
-..>
Victoria Area
Charter et (1/. Saturna
----·
Inspection of Lode Mines, Placer Mines, and Quarries
By H. C. Hughes, Chief Inspector of Mines
CONTENTS
PAGE
103
103
109
111
113
113
113
113
115
118
I I8
PRODUCTION ..
FATAL ACCIDENTS
FATAL ACCIDENTS AND AcciDENTS INVOLVING Loss OF TIME
DANGEROUS OCCURRENCES __
PROSECUTIONS
EXPLOSIVES UsED IN MINES
UNDERGROUND DIESEL EQUIPMENT
DUST CONTROL AND VENTILATION
MINE-RESCUE, SAFETY, AND FIRST AID ..
JOHN T. RYAN TROPHY ..
WEST KooTENAY MINE SAFETY AssoCIATION TROPHY ....
PRODUCTION
The output of metal mines for 1957 was 7,282,436 tons. This tonnage was produced from fifty-nine mines, of which forty produced I 00 tons or more.
FATAL ACCIDENTS
During 1957 there were eight fatal accidents connected with actual mining operations in metal mines and quarries. This was six less than in 1956. There were 4,840
persons employed below and above ground in metal mines, and 838 persons employed in
concentrators in 1957.
The ratio of fatal accidents per I ,000 persons employed in mines and concentrators
was 1.41, as compared with 2.15 in 1956.
Tonnage mined per fatal accident during the last ten-year period was 663,116 tons.
The following table shows the mines at which fatal accidents occurred during 1957,
with comparative figures for 1956:Number of Fatal Accidents
Mining Division
Mine
1957
Mine1a\ Kin~
Sullivan __
Jersey __ _
Sunshine Lardcau
Britannia __
We\tern Nickel
Yreka-Torhrit Silver
Granduc __
Tulsequah _
Big Bull Cassiar Asbestos ___ _
Violamac _
Golden __
Fort Steele __ _
Nelson
Revelstoke __
Vancouver
Vancouver __ _
Nanaimo __ _
Skeena __
Skecna
Allin ____ _
At\in ____ _
Skeena __
Slocan --
1956
3
2
3
I
I
2
2
I
2
I4
Totals ___ _
103
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
104
The following table classifies fatal accidents as to cause and location:Cause
Run of muck_
Crushed by mucking-machine
Fell down shaft _
Gassed
Struck by falling rock _
Returned too soon to scene of blast _
Numher
Location
3
1
I
I
1
I
Underground.
Underground.
Underground.
Underground.
Underground.
Underground.
Total
8
A description of all fatal accidents follows.
Kenneth Irvin Van Buskirk, aged 38, Canadian, married, and employed as a shaft
captain by the Pogue Exploration and Mine Development Co. Ltd., shaft contractors at
the Granduc mine, was instantly killed when he fell about 40 feet down the Granduc shaft
on January 15th, 1957, at 3.30 p.m. He was a man with very extensive shaft experience,
having worked for the Pogue Company for the past seven years.
The Granduc shaft is a vertical, three-compartment, internal shaft collared at the
3250 level. The over-all dimensions are 8 by 22 feet and each compartment is 6 by
6 feet inside the timbers. The shaft had been sunk to a depth of 400 feet below the
collar, with stations cut at the 150- and 300-foot levels. A Cryderman shaft mucker
was used for excavating the broken rock. Conventional shaft timbers with a blasting
set were installed to within 20 feet of the shaft bottom. The sinking-bucket was in the
centre compartment. A great deal of difficulty was being experienced with water, and in
recent weeks a flow of over I 00 gallons per minute had been tapped. This necessitated
putting in cement plugs and drilling holes in advance, and grouting under pressure to
seal off the fissures.
Shortly before the accident, a heavy flow of water had been struck in one corner
of the shaft bottom, necessitating putting in a cement plug. Two men, Harold Odne and
Albert Deschamps, were working in the shaft bottom pumping the water into the shaft
bucket. Two buckets were being used for the job. About 3.20 p.m. Van Buskirk
descended the shaft in the other bucket with W. Tinker, an engineer on loan, who was
advising on shaft-sinking problems. Van Buskirk got off at the blasting set (sixty-fourth
set) 20 feet above the shaft bottom. It was his announced intention to connect up,
through the manway compartment, a hose-line to a tank on the sixty-first set, 38 feet
above the shaft bottom, so that water could be pumped from the bottom to this tank
and thence to the collar in stages, thus freeing the bucket for bringing down sand and
cement for the plug. After Van Buskirk got off the bucket, Tinker continued to descend
to the shaft bottom and joined the two men there. About ten minutes after Tinker
arrived at the bottom a hat fell down the shaft and twenty to thirty seconds later Van
Buskirk himself fell, his body striking the lip of the water-filled bucket and then falling
into it. He was immediately pulled out, but was apparently dead. He was taken out
of the mine and death was later confirmed by a doctor, Dr. B. Firsckse, of Stewart, who
was flown into the mine camp from Stewart. It would appear that he slipped or lost
his footing from the sixty-first or sixty-second set and fell into the shaft.
An inquest was held in Stewart on January 19th, and the Coroner's jury returned
the following verdict:"We, the jury, find that the deceased, Kenneth Van Buskirk, came to his death
by accident from falling from an unknown height into the shaft at the Granduc m',ne."
This accident does not apP.ear to be due to any specific unsafe condition, apart from
the ordinary hazards of shaft sinking. The conditions at the shaft bottom were certainly
difficult due to the large amount of water.
Felix Heron, aged 24, Irish, single, and John Ivan Rukli, aged 26, Yugoslavian,
single, both employed as miners by Tulsequah Mines, Limited, Tulsequah, were instantly
INSPECTION OF MINES
105
killed when they were caught in a run of muck in 6246 No. 3 Boxhole raise in the Tulsequah Chief mine on January 22nd, 1957, at about 10.30 p.m.
The 6246 No. 3 Boxhole raise is a 6- by 6-foot raise which was being driven from
6204 drift to connect with 6246 stope at a point where the stope was filled with about 15
feet of broken ore. The raise was driven as a knuckleback. [t was driven in a westerly
direction at a slope of 50 degrees, and at a point about 20 feet from the collar was turned
back in an easterly direction to connect with 6246 stope. The length of the knuckleback
portion was about 18 feet.
The raise was being driven on two shifts, and on the night of January 19th the
drilling of the last round was started. Five 5-foot holes were drilled on that shift, eleven
7-foot holes on the day shift of January 20th, and on the night shift of January 21st
six additional 6-foot holes were drilled and the round was loaded and blasted. The
round failed to break through to the stope, although it was reported that one of the last
six holes had broken into the stope, after being drilled 5 feet.
On the morning of January 22nd, the raise was inspected by the mine foreman,
P, Badyk, and the day shiftboss, J. Kerush. They found the face still intact except for
a hole 8 inches to 1 foot in diameter on the right side, which was blocked by a large
rock. There appeared to be no misfires or bootlegs. It was estimated that the remaining
shell of solid rock was about a foot thick. After some discussion, it was decided that,
as there was no movement, it would be safe to place a heavy concussion charge close
to the face. Preparations were made to do this. The day-shift men, J. Kubiak and
J. Jagozinski, were instructed to go into the raise and set a sprag just above the knuckleback, and to put a staging there. Kubiak went into the raise but came down a short
time afterward aud told Kerush that he was afraid to work there, and asked to be transferred to another job. The shiftboss then transferred him to some other work.
On the night shift of January 22nd, F. Southam, the night shiftboss, instructed
Rukli and Heron to go and wait in the drift at the foot of the raise until he arrived. He
came there about 9 p.m. and went up into the raise to within about 5 feet of the breakthrough. The conditions were the same as in the morning when the foreman examined
the place. There was no movement and he was of the opinion that it was safe to go ahead
with preparations to fire the concussion charge. He and Rukli set a steel sprag at the
knuckle of the raise. He then instructed the men to prepare a charge of thirty to forty
sticks of powder and lay it on the footwall 2 or 3 feet back from the face, with a 12-foot
bulldoze stick. The charge was to be fired by an electric detonator. Rukli was instructed
to place the charge and Heron was to wait on the platform and pay out the lead wire as
it was needed. Southam spent about an hour with the men until he was satisfied they
knew exactly what to do. He left them aoout 10.15 p.m.
Arrangements were made to inform J. Walejua and his partner, working in the
near-by 6145 stope, when the charge was to be fired. However, when these two men
came out to the lunchroom on the 6200 level at 11.15 p.m. there was no sign of Rukli
or Heron, and they decided to investigate. On arriving at the bottom of the raise they
saw Heron's body in the muck at the back of the chute gate. Help was summoned and
Heron's body was recovered a short time later. There was no sign of life and he was
taken out of the mine, where death was confirmed by the mine doctor. The body of
Rukli was not recovered until some hours later after 216 tous of muck had been drawn
from the chme. Both men died of asphyxia, concussion, and fracturing.
The concussion charge had apparently not been fired. It was evident that, while
both men were in the raise, a break-through occurred and the men were buried in the
muck before they had a chance to escape.
An inquest was held at Tulsequah on January 26th. The Coroner's jury returned
the following verdict:" We, the jury, find that Felix Heron and John Rukli came to their death as a result
of accidental death on January 22nd at approximately 11.15 p.m. We, the jury, would
7
106
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
recommend that the C.M. & S. Co. at Tulsequah put all their new employees through
a stricter mining test."
The judgment of the mine foreman and two shiftbosses as to conditions in the raise
was at fault. However, there is no doubt that these men were sincere in their opinion, as
all were in the raise at one time or another and for a considerable period of time.
Matthew Henry Henderson, aged 24 years, Canadian, single, and employed as a
mucker by Britannia Mining and Smelting Co. Limited, was killed when he was covered
by a run of wet muck at the 35-25 control chute on the 3500 level of the Britannia mine
at 4.25 p.m. on July 6th, 1957.
The 35-25 control chute is at the lower end of the 35-26 transfer raise system,
through which ore is passed from the Bluff and Jane sections of the mine. The chute is
4 feet 10 inches wide and is controlled by three heavy steel fingers, each of which is
actuated by a separate 12-inch-diametcr air cylinder. A safety cable, anchored to the
solid rock on one side and operated by an air cylinder on the other, is available to hold
down the fingers. In addition, there is a down-cutting sand board at the lip of the chute
controlled by a 10-inch-diameter air cylinder. The operation of the chute is controlled
from a platform 7 feet above the track. A substantial steel plate set vertically at the
side of the chute gives protection to the man at the control valves. Normally one man
operates the chute from the platform, while the other operates the locomotive, moving
the cars, etc.
For many years, difllculty has been experienced in handling very wet muck in the
transfer system and occasionally very large spills have occurred. This danger has been
largely overcome by various precautions which are now taken. When muck is very wet,
only small quantities are passed through the transfer raise at a time. Arrangements have
been made to drain as much water as possible from the muck at by-pass points. Chute
punchers at by-pass points make a daily written report of the condition of the muck for
the guidance of the following shift. Finally, if the muck appears to be very wet, the
chute puncher at the by-pass warns the man on the next chute by phone to sprag the
chute fingers so there will be no danger of a spill.
Henderson and his partner, William Duchesne, found a small spill at 35-25 chute
when they came on shift. They started to clean this up. As the muck looked wet,
Duchesne said later that he intended to keep two of the fingers closed and bring muck
down through one finger only. Meanwhile, as they were cleaning up the spill, Henderson went down to the level. While there, he apparently answered a phone call from
R. M. Matson, the chute puncher at the by-pass on the 3100 level above. Matson says
he phoned and told Henderson that he was letting down some muck, and, as it was wet,
advised him to sprag the chute fingers. Henderson returned to the platform, but did not
deliver the message or say anything about the call he had just received. After the spill
was cleaned up, Duchesne decided to draw the chute through one finger. While he was
doing this, he saw all three fingers being lifted by the pressure of the wet muck. Realizing
that a spill was coming, he called to Henderson, who was ahead of him on the chute platform near the stairway, to run. Duchesne ran to the stairway and down to the level, but
Henderson turned aside, apparently trying to set the safety cable valve. Duchesne was
now ahead of Henderson and did not see him alive again.
When Duchesne returned, he found some 60 to 70 tons of wet muck spilled out. He
probed in the muck to see if he could locate Henderson, without success. Help was summoned and the body was finally recovered near the bottom of the chute platform about
6.45 p.m., about two and one-quarter hours after the accident. It was covered by about
3 feet of wet muck.
It would appear that this accident was caused by failure in the system of precautions
established for the safety of this type of work. The spill was not extensive, and undoubtedly the deceased could have saved himself had he not delayed after receiving the warning
from his partner.
INSPECTION OF MINES
107
An inquest was held at Mount Sheer on Monday, July 9th. The jury returned the
following verdict:" We, the jury, find that Matthew Henry Henderson came to his death accidentally
due to suffocation as the result of beiog buried in spill muck at the approximate time of
4.25 p.m. on July 6th, 1957, at 35-25 chute on 3500 level at Britannia Mine.
"The jury attach no blame to any person or persons."
Raymond Albert Lank, aged 40 years, Canadian, siogle, and employed as a miner
by Western Nickel Limited, died as a result of injuries received when he was crushed
between a mucking-machine and the side of a crosscut on the 3550 level of the Western
Nickel mine on September 7th, 1957, at about 4.15 a.m.
The accident occurred at the Pride of Emory ore-pass on the 3350 level, where the
crosscut was being enlarged to make room for a control chute. It had been slashed out
to the required width, and was being mucked out by a track-mounted Eimco 630 overhead
loader operated by Lank.
Three men were working with Lank, and one, Edward Harold Partridge, a mucker
boss, was an eyewitness to the accident. The others, Olaf Gunderson and Russel McLean,
were miners, and were engaged in scaling above the muck pile which Lank was cleaning
up. According to Partridge, Lank had been warned three times to stay away from the
wall, and Partridge was on the point of warning him again when the accident occurred.
The step of the mucking-machine fitted into a recess in the wall as it was being backed up,
and Lank was crushed between the wall and the body of the machine. Assistance was
obtained immediately, and Lank was taken to the Chilliwack Hospital, where he died at
9.10 a.m. Death was attributed to brain ha:morrhage, with antecedent conditions of
ruptured spleen, liver, and kidneys.
The Coroner's inquest was held in Hope on September 16th and the jury returned
the following verdict:" We, the jury, empanelled to enquire into the death of Raymond Albert Lank, find
that he came to his death accidentally on the 7th day of Septmber, 1957, at Western
Nickel Limited while operating a mucking machine in reverse, backing the machine into
a rock face. The deceased was crushed between the machine and rock face, receiving
internal injuries causing death, as per doctor's autopsy report. Death was accidental and
no blame attached to anyone."
Anders Marius Karsten Anderson, aged 43, Canadian, married, and employed as a
diamond driller by Violamac Mines Limited, died as a result of being overcome by gas
in a stub crosscut off 7-54 raise in the Victor mine on November 26th, 1957, at about
8.30 a.m.
The working place was about 2,100 feet from the portal of No. 7 level. The 7-54
raise had been driven about 25 feet above the No. 7 south drift, which was parallel to
and about 40 feet south of the main No. 7 level. From this a subdrift had been driven
about 40 feet in an easterly direction to where a 25-foot raise was driven. A diamonddrill station about 15 feet long had been cut at the top of this second raise. The 7-54 raise
is about 40 feet off the main ventilating current. Ventilation for this raise, the sublevel,
and the raise to the diamond-drill station was provided by compressed air. No ventilation
difficulties had been experienced in driving these workings and all appeared normal on
the shifts preceding the accident. Only a day shift was employed. The diamond-drill
hole was 72 feet long.
On November 26th Anderson evidently reached his drilling site about 8.15 a.m. At
11.30 a.m. the mine geologist visited the drill to check core and found him lying face
down near the machine. The geologist nearly collapsed himself, but was able to retreat
and to obtain help near by on No. 7 level. The rescuers used compressed-air hoses to
reach Anderson, who was then lowered to the sublevel. Artificial respiration was started
at once and continued until 2 p.m., when the doctor arrived and pronounced the man dead.
108
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
An autopsy was held, and the man was found to have died from asphyxia. As there
was no indication of carbon monoxide, death must have resulted from lack of oxygen.
An inquest was held on December 12th, 1957, and the Coroner's jury returned the
following verdict:"Anders Marius Karsten Anderson, on November twenty-sixth (26th), nineteen
hundred and fifty-seven (1957), between the hours of 8.15 a.m. and 2.00 o'clock p.m.,
met his death by accident at his diamond drill station at the top of the box-hole off seven
hundred and fifty-four ( 7 54) raise in the number seven ( 7) tunnel of the Victor mine
(Violamac Mines Ltd.) near Sandon, B.C.
"From the evidence produced we deduce that the cause of death was the result of
asphyxia, due to the reduction of the oxygen content of the air below the point necessary
to sustain life."
It is difficult to reconcile the facts that the working place was safe one day and fatal
the next. Two air samples were taken the day after the accident-one in the 7-54 raise
and one at the drill set-up. The first contained 0.39 per cent carbon dioxide and 20.00
per cent oxygen, and the second 0.52 per cent carbon dioxide and 19.62 per cent oxygen.
Carbon monoxide and other gases were nil in both samples. On December 12th the scene
was again visited, after similar conditions had been simulated. The safety lamp went out
in the raise from the sublevel, indicating less than 16.5 per cent oxygen. The working
place was wet, which may have been a factor in depleting the air of oxygen. A suggested
explanation is that the drill on the previous shift might have encountered a pocket of gas
high in nitrogen which was under sufficient pressure and in a large enough quantity to
flood the small working place.
A letter was sent to all mines in which similar conditions might exist, requiring them
to ventilate all working places before a shift is allowed to enter.
Albert Jackson, aged 49, Canadian, married, and employed as a miner at Britannia
mine, was instantly killed by a blast in the 49-017 stope, No. 8 mine, on December 3rd,
1957, at about 11 a.m.
The 49-017 stope is a square-set stope being worked from the 4900 to the 4800
level. It is about 70 feet long and 30 feet wide, the greater dimension being east and
west. A manway from the east end of the stope connects with the 4800 leveL The stope
had been advanced eleven floors above the 4900 level and a grizzly and scraper hoist
installed on the ninth floor at the east end near the manway.
Jackson and his partner, Bryan Worthington, were working in the stope. Jackson
was scraping muck on the ninth floor and Worthington was working on the eleventh
floor, which was the mining floor. Just before II a.m. the men decided to blast four
bulldoze charges-one on the eleventh floor (mining floor) and three on the ninth floor
(scraping floor). Five-foot fuses and two sticks of powder were used for each shot.
Worthington, in the presence of Jackson, placed one bulldoze on the eleventh floor and
trimmed off 1 inch of fuse, preparing it for lighting. Both men then descended to the
ninth floor, where Jackson placed three bulldozes near the manway and prepared them
for lighting. Both lit hot-wire lighters at the same time. Jackson went to his bulldozes
on the ninth floor and Worthington climbed to the eleventh floor to light his shot. He
looked down the manway and saw Jackson on his way down below the ninth floor.
Worthington lit his shot and went up the manway to the thirteenth floor. He heard ·three
shots go off close together and the fourth two or three minutes later. Afer waiting several
minutes for the smoke to clear and having received no a11-clear signal from Jackson, he
went down to investigate. He found Jackson lying on the muck pile badly blasted.
Assistance was obtained immediately and Jackson's body removed. The doctor stated
that the top part of the body was severely lacerated and that the injuries were comparable
to those resulting from a blast.
An inquest was held at Britannia Beach on December 4th, 1957, and the Coroner's
jury returned the following verdict:-
INSPECTION OF MINES
109
"After hearing the evidence of witnesses at an inquest regarding the death of Albert
Jackson, who was killed in a blasting accident in 49-017 stope No. 8 mine, Britannia
Beach, B.C., on December 3rd, 1957, at I 1.20 a.m., we find that Albert Jackson for some
reason not disclosed in the evidence returned to the scene of the blast too soon after the
last shot and walked back into a delayed shot. We believe he miscounted the number of
shots. We return a verdict of accidental death with no blame attached to any porson or
persons. As a rider we remind those concerned that the rule calls for a 30-minute interval
before returning to a misfire."
It seems obvious that Jackson returned too soon to the scene of the blast and was
caught by the fourth shot.
Piotr Orlowski, aged about 40, Polish, single, and employed as a miner by Britannia
Mining and Smelting Co. Ltd., died as a result of injuries received when he fell in a chute
from the 31-227A cut-and-fill stope in the Victoria mine on December 19th, 1957, at
about S a.m.
The 31-227 A stope is a cut-and-fill stope which has been worked to within about
25 feet of the 2950 level. It is about 100 feet long in an east-west direction and is 8 to
12 feet wide. A cribbed ore-chute and manway lead to the 31 SO level below at the east
end, and the west end is connected to the 2950 level by a short, steep raise with a service
chute and ladder. At the time of the accident there was 8 to 10 feet of broken ore on top
of the fill in the stope, the top of this ore being 6 1/2 feet below the back. The cribbed
chute at the east end had been drawn until the ore in it was about 4 feet below the top of
the cribbing. Previous to the ore being blasted, a bulkhead had been put over the top of
the manway to the 3150 leveL
At the beginning of the shift, Orlowski and his partner, Frank Markovich, drew ore
from the chute on the 3150 level until lunch time, about 3 a.m. After lunch they entered
the stope from the 2950 level and began washing down the muck pile and barring. When
the muck pile was sloped off to the chute, both men started to clean off the bulkhead over
the man way. Orlowski was working on the north side of the stope and was barring loose
from over the chute. Markovich was on the south side. Markovich heard a crash and
on turning around saw Orlowski in the chute. Help was obtained immediately but Orlowski died on the way to the hospitaL
An inquest was held at Mount Sheer on December 27th.
Dr. E. A. Jarman, medical practitioner, read the report of the autopsy, which was
as follows:" Death was due to ruptured liver and fractured sternum."
The Coroner's jury brought in the following verdict:" We, the jury, find Piotr Orlowski came to his death accidentally in 227 A stope,
3150 level, Victoria mine, Britannia Beach, B.C., on December 19th, 1957, at approximately 5.00 a.m., with no blame attached to any person or persons."
From the findings, it appears that Orlowski was struck in the abdomen by a rock
or rocks falling from tbe back and footwall of the stope from a height of about 8 to 10
feet. He may have slid down the bulkhead and was under the rock as it fell. In any case
he slid down the muck on the bulkhead into the chute. The severe damage to his liver
could only have been done by falling rock.
FATAL ACCIDENTS AND ACCIDENTS lNVOLVlNG LOSS OF TIME
Eight fatal accidents and 182 accidents involving a loss of time of seven days or
more were reported to the Department. These were investigated and reported on by the
Inspectors of Mines.
The following three tables classify these accidents as to cause, occupation, and as
to the parts of the body injured.
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
110
ACCIDENTS CAUSING DEATH OR INJURY CLASSIFIED AS TO CAUSE
Number of
Accidents
Cause
Blasting
Falls of ground ____________ _
Falls of material and flying material
Falls from ladders, staging, etc. __
Slipping and falling ____ _
Lifting and handling material, etc. __
Machinery and tools
Run of ore or waste
Burns and shock _________________________ _
Gassed_
Miscellaneous __________________________ _
Totals _______________________________ _
- - -----
----
7
35
16
Percentage
of Total
I
3.7
18.4
8.4
0.5
17.4
26.3
17.9
2.6
3.2
0.5
2
1.1
190
100.0
I
33
50
34
5
6
ACCIDENTS CAUSING DEATH OR INJURY CLASSIFIED AS TO THE OCCUPATION
OF THOSE IN JURED
Occupation
UndergroundBarmen
Chutemen
Haulagemen _
Number of
Accidents
2
1.1
5
2.6
10.0
50.7
6.4
6.7
1.6
2.1
0.5
4.7
2.1
Muckers __
19
96
12
Timbermen __
13
Miners __
Repairmen
Trackmen and pipe-fitters _
Skip-tenders _
Miscellaneous_
Supervisors and staff __
Surface-Shops
Mill
Surface, general
Totals
Percentage
of Total
3
4
I
9
4
2
7
1.1
13
3.7
6.7
190
100.0
AcciDENTS CAUSING INJURY CLASSIFIED AS TO PARTS OF THE BoDY INJURED
Number of
Accidents
Location
15
Head and neck
Eyes -------·---·-Trunk_
Back (including shoulders)
Arms (including wrists)
Hands and fingers __
Legs and ankles __
FeeL
Shock_
Fatal
14
42
10
35
34
25
Totals __
190
5
2
8
Percentage
of Total
7.9
2.6
7.4
22.1
5.3
18.4
17.9
13.1
1.1
4.2
100.0
INSPECTION OF MINES
111
DANGEROUS OCCURRENCES
Eighteen dangerous occurrences were reported as required by section 9 of the
"Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act" and investigated by the Inspectors of Mines.
This represents a decrease of 47 per cent from the thirty-four reported for 1956.
Of these occurrences, three were connected with hoisting, six with explosives, three
with fires (two underground), two with scraping operations, two with hung-up ore-passes,
one with caves, and one with machinery failure.
On January 12th, 1957, a hang-up in an abandoned transfer raise on the 1600 level
of Britannia mine released itself and allowed a large amount of water to flow along the
level and down No. 1 shaft. No serious damage resulted.
On January 22nd, 1957, a rubber-lined sand-pump in the lead-zinc concentrator of
Canadian Exploration Limited flew apart with a loud report. This pump handles sands
from the classifier next to the rod mill and pumps them to the ball mill. No one was
injured, although the force of the explosion moved the 500-pound pump a distance of 4
feet. The cause of the explosion could not be determined.
On January 31st, 1957, two miners were lighting a drift round of twenty-five holes
in the Duthie mine. Ten-foot fuse and hot-wire lighters were used. Some difficulty was
experienced in lighting the last five holes. One miner insisted it was time to leave and
urged his partner to follow him. The first holes detonated when one man was near the
face and the other 60 feet away. The men suffered severe injuries for their disregard of
elementary safety precautions.
On February 5th, 1957, a Koehring Dumptor used in the Dodger mine of Canadian
Exploration Limited caught fire. The vehicle was being used when the battery box
dropped down, causing the insulation of the battery cables to be stripped off against the
jagged edges of the battery box. A short circuit started the insulation smouldering. The
fire was put out with the carbon dioxide extinguisher which is carried on all vehicles.
On March 5th, 1957, the cage-tender was unloading material at the 3300 level of
the H.B. interior shaft when a hoisting signal was given from another level. The cage was
stopped in time, but the one responsible for giving the signal could not be located.
A stricter compliance with hoisting procedure was instituted.
On March 7th, 1957, a foreman at the Sullivan mine received minor superficial
injuries when he walked into a reblast of two holes. There were five entrances to the
blast to be guarded. The instructions to the guards at one entrance were not specific as
to time, and they allowed the foreman to proceed into the blast area. A revision of
operational instructions was made to prevent a recurrence of this type of accident.
On March 7th, !957, in the Sullivan mine a miner was standing near the top of the
muck-raise in a scraper drift while the scraper was in operation. When tbe slusher caught
on an obstacle, the haul-back cable flipped across the miner's neck, causing him to fall
into the raise. He fell 8 feet and received superficial injuries.
On March 28th, 1957, two experienced miners were loading a 3-inch-diameter 36foot vertical hole in an open pit at Copper Mountain mine. There was an obstruction in
the hole about 8 feet from the coJJar. The men were attempting to push 1 1/2-inch-diameter
cartridges of 75 per cent Dygel powder past the obstruction when an explosion occurred.
Both men were peppered with fine rock and suffered numerous small puncture wounds
about the face and neck. The most reasonable explanation for this incident was that the
tamping had been done with unnecessary vigour.
On April 17th, 1957, a fire occurred in a timbered draw hole of a scraper drift in
No. 8 section of Britannia mine. The fire was brought under control by mine-rescue men
using self-contained apparatus. Carbon monoxide contaminated the ventilation system,
and all men were evacuated from the section until the air was cleared. The fire was
caused by the use of an acetylene torch to remove steel plates from damaged timber in
112
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
the drawhole. The mechanic had left without wetting down the timber, which smouldered
and eventually flamed sufficiently to burn almost completely several 12- by 18-inch
timbers.
On May 1st, 1957, at the fireclay mine of Clayburn Company Limited a subsidence
occurred measuring about 450 by 550 feet which affected most of the mine. The mine
is worked by room and pillar. All men were prohibited from entering this area.
On June 5th, 1957, two miners were preparing to blast seven short holes to "square
up " a drift face in Britannia mine. Only 4-foot fuses were used, the working place was
damp, and two hot-wire lighters were required. When the first hole detonated, the men
had only retreated a short distance and one man was injured slightly by flying rock. The
blasting certificates of both miners were suspended.
In September, 1957, the combination lunchroom and drill-shop of Cassiar Asbestos
Corporation Limited was completely destroyed by fire. It was suspected the oil stove
had become overheated.
On October 4th, 1957, a miner in the Sullivan mine was caught by the blast effect
of the detonation of two cases of explosives. The miner and a partner had been instructed
to destroy the two cases, which had been declared defective. They were placed on end
with their open faces toward one another. Two 3-foot fuses with l-inch trim were used
to fire the shot. While spitting the fuses some trouble was encountered, and, after walking
50 feet, one of the miners was knocked to the ground by the force of the exploding
powder. His hat was broken and lamp cord severed. It is presumed that there was too
much delay in igniting the fuse or that a side spit of the fuse may have impinged on the
old powder, causing an early detonation.
On November 12th, 1957, the cage and shaft timbers at No.3 shaft of Pioneer mine
were damaged when the cage came in contact with the sheave bearing-timber. The hoistman answered a telephone call during hoisting and did not slow the hoist when the cage
passed the upper warning signal. The cam on the Lilly control had been moved from its
normal position so that the automatic stopping of the hoist could not take place before
the cage reached the sheave bearing-timbers. The Lilly controls have been sealed to
prevent adjustments by unauthorized persons.
On November 27th, 1957, a miner was injured in the Sullivan mine while operating
a scraper hoist. The scraper became jammed on a large rock, and this caused the haulback cable to whip back toward the hoist. A loop formed in the cable, passed around
the hoist operator and drew him into the hoist. The operator's partner quickly stopped
the hoist, but not before the operator had received some injury. All scraper hoists should
have adequate cable guards to prevent this type of accident.
On November 27th, 1957, a workman in the Jersey mine of Canadian Exploration
Limited was repairing a scraper cable while knowingly standing on the muck pile over
a drawhole. The muck subsided suddenly when a train crew operated the chute on the
level below. The workman was trapped and it took four hours to extricate him. He
suffered injury to his right arm.
On December 6th, 1957, at the Reeves MacDonald mine, three holes, 40 feet long
and drilled through to the level below, were being cleared by the detonation of light
charges of explosives. The mine foreman was in the vicinity of the bottom of these holes
when the charges exploded. His lamp was broken, but no injuries were received. The
miners responsible for the blast had their blasting certificates suspended for six months
for failing to guard the blast. One week's suspension from work was given by the
employer.
On December 13th, 1957, the hoisting-rope in the east side compartment of No.2
shaft of Pioneer mine was found to be kinked and was removed. Hoisting of muck is
done in the west compartment, and whenever this is done a counterbalance weight is
placed in the east side cage. On December 12th the cage had been repaired but the
counterbalance weight was not replaced. When hoisting was done, the hoist circuit-
INSPECTION OF MINES
113
breaker tripped several times due to hoisting at excessive speed when the skip was
approaching the dump. The sudden stopping is thought to have caused the east cage to
bounce, allowing the safety dogs to catch. The kink in the rope is attributed to lowering
the rope while the cage was hung up on the dogs.
PROSECUTIONS
There were no prosecutions in metalliferous mines and quarries in 1957.
There were violations of the provisions of the " Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act "
in regard to the use of explosives and blasting procedure. Five offenders had their blasting
certificates suspended from three to six months, according to the type of offence.
EXPLOSIVES USED IN MINES
The table below shows the quantities of explosives and blasting accessories used in
metal mines and quarries in British Columbia in 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, and 1957:··-
1957
1953 Total
---
1954 Total
1955 Total
1956 Total
1957 Total
Mines
---
High explosives (lb.)
Blasting-caps ___
Electric blasting--caps
Delay electric blasting--caps (short
period) __
Delay electric blasting-caps (sure-fire delays and X107 delays) ___
Primacord (ft.) _____
B-line detonating fuse (ft.)
Safety fuse (ft.)_
Jgnitercord (ft.) __
lgnitercord connectors
Amonium nitrate __
9,237,700
t,890,ooo
I
1
1
141,000 \
182,771
138.055
I
I
I
~~~·~~I
t7,679,ooo
t42,ooo
1t4,ooo
1
1
1
I
8,420,791
1,982,900
151,6'85
232,270 1
7,652,574
t,sts,zso
191,513
1
1
I
I
283,000
70,300 I
824,ooo 1
144,875
399,000
I
13,429,800 1 17,744,900
206,180 ,
418,800
160,501
371,000
....... I
... I
I
I
-------------
S,560,000
2,184,000
I
I
I
sz,ooo I
zos,ooo
263,ooo
226,000
2,436,ooo
t7,218,ooo
498,000
563,000
I
I
I
I
!
7,103,000
1,676,000
64,000
I
I
....... I
I
6,736,000 1367,000
1,567,000 \ 109,000
56,000
'8,000
160,000
tso.aoo
127,000
261,000
121,000
202.000
t,690,ooo
t2,845,ooo
639,000
750,000
I 2,049,000
I 13.367,000
639,000
750,000
5,000
IQuarries
1,000
I
I
1
1
10,000
--- ..·-···59,000
359,000
522,000
I
1
!
--------··--
4,000
An innovation in blasting was the use of ammonium nitrate. This compound, when
sensitized with a hydrocarbon such as fuel oil, constitutes a powerful explosive. As such,
the preparation comes under the control of the Chief Inspector of Explosives at Ottawa.
Written permission must first be obtained from him before the blasting agent can be mixed
or used. Permission must also be obtained from the Chief Inspector of Mines, Victoria,
when the blasting agent is used in mines and quarries in British Columbia. Two permits
were granted in 1957-0ne to an open-pit mine and one to a quarry. The main condition of the permits was that the blending of " prilled " ammonium nitrate with fuel oil
take place on site as it is being loaded into the bore-hole.
UNDERGROUND DIESEL EQUIPMENT
The use of underground diesel equipment remained fairly constant in 1957. Locomotives in use amounted to sixteen, and miscellaneous pieces of equipment, such as trucks,
loaders, bulldozers, etc., totalled thirty. Three of the locomotives were used in coal
mines; the remainder of the equipment was used in metal mines.
DUST CONTROL AND VENTILATION
Problems in dust control and ventilation have continued to receive the attention of
mine operators and Government departments. Dust counts and ventilation surveys were
made by the staff of the Chief Inspector, Silicosis Branch of the Workmen's Compensation
Board, and the results of these surveys made available to the Inspectors of Mines. The
following information is taken from his report, " Summary of Dust Conditions at British
Columbia Metalliferous Mines during the Year 1957 ":-
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
114
LEGEND
2000
I
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-
TIT!
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r-
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---
-
-·-·- ALL OTHERS UNDERGROUND
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....-
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1937
-
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.- --·
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·- -
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·· .........·····
____.... .. ....
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1000
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1500
....
LEYNER DRILLING
\- ---- CRUSHING PLANTS
..,_ ....... ASSAY GRINDING ROOMS
0:
-..:
--··-- STOPER DRILLING
I I I I
-
I I I I
1955
YEAR
Figure 4. Average dust counts obtained each year since 1937.
"I. During the year 1957, seventy-seven ventilation and dust-control surveys were
made at the metalliferous mines of British Columbia. These were made at fifty-one
mining operations, twenty-six of which were inspected for the second time.
" 2. The main object of this inspection work is to lower the amount of dust breathed
by the workmen as much as possible. It is not known what concentration of silica dust
is considered safe to breathe without producing silicosis as several other factors besides
the dust concentration must be taken into consideration. The figure of 300 particles per
c.c. of air has been chosen as an objective to work towards. When this figure is attained,
it indicates a very great improvement over conditions existing several years ago.
INSPECTION OF MINES
115
" 3. Blasting operations produce dense concentrations of dust, but the workmen are
generally not subjected to this dust or subjected to it for short periods of time only.
Most of the blasting operations can be arranged to occur at the ends of the shifts and allow
sufficient time for ventilation to remove the dust from the workings before the following
shift goes to work. A certain amount of blasting operations, such as in chutes, may be
considered necessary so that the production of ore may not be interfered with, but this
should be reduced to the very minimum.
" 4. Stopcr drilling operations consistently produce the highest concentrations of
dust during the time the men are working. The dust counts used to be 2,000 or more
particles per c.c. of air at these operations. Seventy per cent of the surveys made in 1957
gave averages of less than 1,000 particles.
" 5. At leyner, jackleg, and plugger drilling operations the dust concentrations are
not as high as at stoper drilling operations. Ninety-two per cent of the surveys gave
averages of less than 1,000 particles per c.c. of air. Since most of the surveys gave Jess
than 1,000 particles, it is probably better to adopt the figure of 500 particles for the
purpose of comparison. Sixty-seven per cent of the surveys gave averages of less than
500 particles per c.c. of air.
" 6. The averages for 'All Other Underground Locations' are very satisfactory.
Seventy-seven per cent of the surveys made during 1957 gave averages of less than 300
particles. The percentages for the past eight years have remained fairly constant, varying
between 76 and 83 per cent. This condition is particularly satisfactory when considering
the fact that the great majority of the men work in this lower dust concentration.
"7. The dust concentrations in the crushing plants during 1952 were not satisfactory. During 1953 and subsequent years, a special effort was made to control the dust
in these plants and satisfactory results have been obtained. Sixty-two per cent of the
surveys made in 1957 gave averages of less than 300 particles per c.c. of air.
" 8. Seventy-seven per cent of the surveys made in assay grinding-rooms gave averages of less than 300 particles. This is very satisfactory, as it is the second highest
percentage that has been obtained during the past eight years.
" 9. The percentage of certificates of fitness held by the employers for their workmen
who require a medical examination has steadily increased during the past four years.
In 1957, certificates in good standing for 96.2 per cent of the workmen who require same
were held by the employers. This is a very satisfactory condition as there are numerous
difficulties to overcome.
" 10. Aluminium-powder prophylaxis treatments for the prevention of silicosis were
given at eight mines during the year. One mine discontinued operations during the year
so there were seven mines that were dispersing the powder at the end of 1957. No
aluminium-therapy treatments were given at the Rehabilitation Clinic of the Workmen's
Compensation Board in Vancouver to men who have silicosis.
" 11. The main measures for dust prevention, suppression, and elimination are
receiving good attention at the mines. The more important of these are good ventilation,
thorough wetting of the rock before it is handled in any manner, not subjecting the workmen to dust and fumes from blasting operations, using good exhaust systems in crushing
plants and assay grinding-rooms, etc. Full application of all these measures at all times
has not been obtained but the results obtained have been quite satisfactory.
" 12. The accompanying graph (Fig. 4) shows the median of all the averages
obtained each year since 1937."
MINE-RESCUE, SAFETY, AND FIRST AID
During 1957 the mine-rescue stations at Cumberland and Fernie were fully maintained and an instructor, qualified in mine-rescue and first aid, was on duty at each station.
Each station is equipped with several sets of McCaa 2-hour self-contained oxygen breathing apparatus, at least one set of Chemox %-hour self-contained breathing apparatus, all-
I !6
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF :l-fl"'ES, 1957
service gas masks, self-rescuers, metbane and carbon monoxide detectors of the latest
type, one or more H.H. inhalators, and a complete supply of first-aid equipment. Supplies
and facilities for charging and servicing all this equipment are maintained.
In the latter half of 1957 the mine-rescue station at Princeton was converted to
a mobile unit. A large panel truck was purchased and cupboards were custom fitted to
hold the rescue equipment. Ambulance facilities were also installed. The mine-rescue
building continued to be used as an office and repair base.
The mobile mine-rescue unit stationed at Nelson in 1950 continued to be of great
assistance in promoting and giving instruction in mine-rescue and first aid at· mines in
the East and West Kootenay areas.
In addition to courses in mine-rescue given at the Cumberland and Fernie stations,
the following centres received help in instruction, checking of equipment, and training of
teams: Remac, Yale Lead & Zinc mine, Canadian Exploration, H.B. mine, Riondel,
Highland-Bell mine, Wells. and Western Nickel mine.
Classes in first aid were held at the fol!owing mines and localities: New Denver,
Kaslo, Remac, Salmo, Fernie, Princeton, Hedley, and Oliver. A number of candidates
for industrial certificates were given assistance.
Two emergency calls for oxygen breathing apparatus were handled by the Cumberland station. Both were necessitated by underground heating at the Tsable River mine.
Equipment from the Nelson mobile unit was used to help rescue a mining engineer
who got into difficulties while inspecting mineral claims in the Crawford Bay area.
The Princeton mine-rescue building was made available to the St. John Ambulance
Association for lectures and instruction in first aid. The building was also used by the
Motor-vehicle Branch for the purpose of giving drivers' examinations.
In addition to the mine-rescue equipment maintained at the Government mine-rescue
stations, there are several complete sets of McCaa and Chemox apparatus at the Sullivan
mine, a set of McCaa at Canadian Exploration and Michel mines, miscellaneous rescue
equipment at the Trail smelter, and complete sets of Chemox at Wells, the Bridge River
camp, Britannia, H.B. mine, and Riondel. Minor amounts of mine-rescue equipment
are kept at the Yale Lead & Zinc mine at Ainsworth, the :VIineral King mine at Toby
Creek, and the Toric mine at Alice Arm.
A certificate of competency in mine-rescue work is granted to each man who takes
the ful! training course and passes tbe examination set by the Department of Mines.
During 1957, in addition to the regular teams in training, eighty-one men took the full
course and were granted certificates, as follows:Certiti~
~'here
ultc Nv.
Name
1934
Joseph TomasL~---·
Robert Holmes
---------Alexander R. Bell ... -Clarence Verne Stockand
Albert William Stockand --···---··--·Frcd«iclt R. Polkinghoma ________
John Halten Miller_ ____________________ ]
2935
1936
2937
2938
2939
2940
2941
Trained
Cumberland.
Cumberland.
2953
2954
Cumberland.
2955
2956
2957
2958
2959
2960
296I
2962
2963
2964
2965
Cumberland.
Cumberland.
I Cumberland.
Clarence f'arramontl Littler________
Gari.son, Mont,
Yellowknife,
N.W.T.
2942
2943
2944
2945
2946
2947
2948
.2949
2950
2951
2952
Wilsmt Bassett"------Dextor McArthur.. ____ ._
Frederick A!dred Pcarwn
Robert Lome Ralph .." ___
James O'Dcnne11 Qu!nn __
Ronald Eugene Olwn _____
Arthur Ernest :Ball_____
Ian Fairlie Morton
Certifi
N<J
Ca:gary, Alta"
Kimberley.
Kimberley.
Kimberley.
Kimberley.
Kimberley.
Kimtx:rley.
Kimberley.
Leonard Elmer Cox ________
Kimberley.
Robert Alan D~,tnsworth ___
Kimberley.
John Alvin Demers ·-"·- -------------- Kimberley.
2966
29f.7
2968
2909
2910
2971
2972
Name
Charles Stnnley K:inrade
KenneU1 Riclmrd Graham
Harold Dean JohmKn __
Eric Wllllam Erkkii{m
Raymond William Serrdiak
William Muir. Jr..
Where
Tr;:.int·cl
Kimberley
Kirnbetley.
Kimberley.
Kimberley.
Kimberley.
Kimberley
Rudolf Iskra_
Kimberley.
Arnbjurn James 1-fal\gten
Kimberley
Frederick Charles McDonald Ross Kimberley.
Arthur Lawrence PhenufL ___
Kimberley,
Percy Moody___
Kimberley.
t.~mts Lui:ni
Fernie,
Boyd Dation C<:rrigan
Fernie.
Phillip Lloyd Broster
Fernie.
Georg:e Ar.::hiba!d Pr!re.
Fernie,
Joseph Roger SiriannL.. _
Fc~nh:.
Roy Dennis Eckersley---·
Perniv.
John Henry Ha:tJey
Fernie.
George Michael Hryciuk
Femie,
Emil Bourree
Pwnevr Mine.
INSPECTION OF MINES
Certifi-.1
catc No
2973
Name
I
I Allan David Stanley
2974
I Walter Thiessen __
2975
I Alan Wakely
Geno Volpatti __
: 1'\illo Quarin
Harvey Ross Travis _______
Andrew Huryn
Joseph Panke
Thumas Matthew Murphy ___
Oliver Richard Koening
Edward Carl Ingham ___
Eric John Takala
.......
········
Kenneth Paul Munro
Alexander Robert Schram
Johannes Christian Schu1 tz
George Arthur Sutherland·--···--··-·
William SemtrWif _
William Clifford Shannon __
Robel t Rutlman Mad). nald
Robert Archibald Gibson
Onlir~ A . .Tone~
2976
2977
2978
2979
2S:SO
2981
29H2
291!3
2984
2985
29Ht'i
291\7
2988
2989
2990
2991
2992
}99.1
1
Where
Trained
Pioneer Mine.
Pioneer Mine.
Pioneer Mine.
Natal.
Natal.
Nalal.
Natal.
Natal.
Riondel.
Riondcl.
Gray Creek:.
Riondel.
Riondel.
Riondel.
Riondel.
Salmo.
Salmo.
Remac.
Remac.
Remac.
Remac.
II
Ccctifi-1
:ate No.
2994
2995
2996
2997
2991!
29..
3000
3001
_i002
3003
3004
3005
3006
3007
3008
3009
3010
3011
3012
3013
3014
I
117
Name
James H. Steele
Charles Plccash __
Norman ldwal Poole ___
I David John Hughes __
I Leopold Herbert Fuerst ___ ····-··--1 David McArthur Carty
I A J. H. Hewitt
I Edward Hedley _
···-····---I J. F. Re){ Mui~c
j J oscph Chlopan __ -------- -----....
Clifford Frame ..
I Peter Stiles __
-------.·-·····-I Albert Malvern Heath
I Lawrence o:son ·I Frank Preis
Leo Paul PouparL ____
Benedict CupioL ___
. .....
I Silvio Maio
Thomas Alan Cairns
I France~ Henry Webster
I Stanley Williams
I
1 Donald
I
I
1
Where
Trained
Remac.
Remac.
Remac.
Salmo.
Salmo.
Saimo.
Wells.
Wells.
Wells.
Mount Sheer.
Mount Sheer.
Mount Sheer.
Ainsworth.
Ainsworth.
Ainsworth.
Fernie.
Fernie.
Fernie.
Fernie.
Sal mo.
Wells.
The Mine Safety Associations in different centres of the Province, sponsored by the
Department of Mines and aided by company officials, safety supervisors, Inspectors of
Mines, and mine-rescue instructors, continued to promote mine-rescue, first aid, and safety
education in their respective districts.
The Similkamecn Valley Mine Safety Association did not hold its annual competition at Princeton because of the closure of the near-by Copper Mountain mine. From
the time the association was formed in 1930, twenty-seven annual competitions have been
held.
The Vancouver Island Mine Safety Association held its annual competition in Cumberland on June 1st, 1957. Three teams competed-two from Tsable River and a visiting
team from Britannia mine. The winning team was from Tsable River and was captained
by J. Thomson.
The Central British Columbia Mine Safety Association held its annual competition
at Pioneer Mine on June 8th, 1957. Five teams took part in this competition. They
represented Britannia, Bralome, Cariboo Gold Quartz, and Pioneer mines. The Cariboo
Gold Quartz team, captained by J. E. White, took first place.
The West Kootenay Mine Safety Association held its annual competition at Salmo
on June 15th, 1957. Six teams took part in this competition-two from the Bluebell
mine, one from Canadian Exploration Limited, one from the H.B. mine, one from the
Yale Lead & Zinc mine, and one from the Reeves MacDonald mine. A Bluebell team,
captained by J. D. McDonald, took first place.
The East Kootenay Mine Safety Association held its annual competition at Fernie
on June 22nd, 1957. Six teams took part in this competition-two from Michel, two
from Kimberley, one from Coal Creek, and one from Fernie. First place was won by
a Kimberley team captained by T. 0. Bloomer.
At all meets, competitions were held in first aid as well as mine-rescue work. In all
these competitions, events were held for women and juniors. Representatives from other
industries and organizations not necessarily directly connected with mining also participated.
Two mine-rescue competitions were sponsored by mining companies. One was held
at Chapman Camp on May 25th, 1957, and was confined to employees of The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company, Limited. The other was held at Michel on June
1st, 1957, and was confined to employees of The Craw's Nest Pass Coal Company
Limited.
118
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
The second Provincial mine-rescue competition was held at Nelson on September
7th, 1957. The winning teams from the Cumberland, Pioneer, Nelson, and Fernie events
competed for a trophy and medals. The event was won by the Bluebell team, captained
by J. D. McDonald. In conjunction with the competition the Workmen's Compensation
Board sponsored the first Provincial first-aid competition. Teams competed which had
won local events at Cumberland, Pioneer Mine, Nelson, Fernie, Victoria, and Powell
River. The winning team was from Trail and was captained by K. H. Hill.
JOHN T. RYAN TROPHY
The John T. Ryan Regional Safety Award for the metal mine with the lowest
accident-frequency record for 1957 was won by the Bluebell mine of The Consolidated
Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, at Riondel. To win this trophy, the
Bluebell mine completed the year without a lost-time accident. This record also won the
Dominion Ryan Trophy, which has never before been won by a mine in British Columbia.
The company's safety organization, officials, and employees are to be highly commended.
The 1957 regional safety award for coal mines was won by the Tsable River mine
of Canadian Collieries Resources Limited, near Cumberland. This is the third year in
succession that this mine has won the award. The company's safety programme has thus
been quite effective.
WEST KOOTENAY MINE SAFETY ASSOCIATION TROPHY
Because the West Kootenay District contains many small mines not eligible for the
John T. Ryan awards, and in order to encourage and promote safety in these operations,
the West Kootenay Mine Safety Association in 1951 donated a safety trophy for annual
competition. In 1955 the area covered by this award was extended to take in all southern
British Columbia, and further extended in 1956 to include the whole Province.
The award is made to the mine having the lowest accident rate and working a total
of from 2,500 to 30,000 shifts per year, one-third of these having been worked underground. An accident is taken as one which involves more than three days' loss of time.
In 1957 the award was won by the Mineral King mine of Sheep Creek Mines
Limited near Athalmere and was presented at a joint meeting of the West Kootenay Mine
Safety Association and the Nelson Branch of the Canadian Institute of Mining and
Metallurgy held in Nelson on February 8th, 1958.
Coal
By Robert B. Bonar, Senior Inspector of Coal Mines.
CONTENTS
PAGE
PRODUCTION .
LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT__
COMPETITION FROM CoAL PRODUCED OUTSIDE BRITISH COLUMBIA ..
ACCIDENTS IN AND AROUND COAL MINES
119
123
123
123
126
128
EXPLOSIVES _
SAFETY LAMPS
INSPECTION CoMMITTEES-----CoAL DusT
DANGERous OccuRRENCES __
BOARD OF EXAMINERS FOR COAL-MINE OFFICIALS __
128
128
129
130
NoTES ON CoAL MINES-
Vancouver Island Inspection District
Nicola-Princeton Inspection District._
East Kootenay Inspection District._
Northern Inspection District.
131
135
136
144
PRODUCTION
The gross output in short tons of the coal mines of the Province for 1957 was
1,221,766 tons, a decrease of 367,632 tons or 23.1 per cent from 1956. A total of
275,918 tons came from strip mines at Michel, Tent Mountain (near Corbin), and
Blakeburn.
The Vancouver Island District produced 200,205 tons, a decrease of 142 tons or
0.07 per cent from 1956.
The Northern District production was 8,149 tons, a decrease of 5,046 tons or
38.2 per cent from 1956.
The Nicola-Princeton District production was 18,777 tons, a decrease of 54,494
tons or 74.4 per cent from 1956.
The East Kootenay District production was 994,635 tons, a decrease of 307,949
tons or 23.6 per cent from 1956.
119
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
120
OUTPUT AND PER CAPITA PRODUCTION,
Gross
Yearly
Olltput
Output
J'vfined
Colllery and :Mine
during
Year
1957
Days
fJerEm-
Worked
ployee
(Tons)
(Tons)
------- t 195,442
--~·
1,332
1,001
850
474
Carruthers and Wakelam No. :L
Stronach No. 2 mine
5JX
Undunmlne
7
Big Flame mine-----·Extension mine (Brodrick)-----191
White mtoe __
60
.. ". ----·-- 2
Wellington Blue Flame No.2
239
142
312
198
1%
3
1,601
1,081
16,095
203
291
4
1.97
3
74
12
L24
18.12
4,991
1,300
1,858
100
11
143
126
6
1
237,162
Elk Rivet Colliery ...
Michel Colliery (underground) -·' 497.650
I 149.6RO
Michel Coll~ery (strip)'"
Coten:an Collieries (strip)
110.143
'"
"'
"'
38.95
!
'"'
Taylor Burson (.Blue Flame) ...
Coldwater Coal mine
Mullin's strip mine t.Blakebttrn) __
Bulkley Valley Collierle.~ _
Reschke mine
Gethillg N'o, 3 mine ..
-!
!.87
'
157
3
2
151
2
140
2
18
160
2
2
51
10
1
1.69
1.44
1.51
1.0:!
L92
(Tons)
(TOllS)
""'
'Gnder~
ground
Emr.loyee
Under~
··r···~
:t67
266
4
1,34
333
334
2
2.52
500
'"
154
3
1.44
2
Lm
269
2
1.92
'"
'"
237
2
876
U:l
154
269
2
96
30
2
2
400
360
96
0.53
0.60
1
4
3
1,97
l.24
16
30
400
360
!,341
2.94
151
204
217
4
3,12
2.27
2. tO
265
6
2.46
311
4.06
647
4.20
763
769
7.121!
239
503
SAG
16
m
325
310
5.2fl
992
989
6,!H!4
DISTRICT OUTPUT AND PER CAPITA PRODUCTION, UNDERGROUND MINES,
Vancouver Island
Nicola~ Princeton
Northern
East Kootenay
Whole Province
Total Number
or Employees
at Producing
Collieries
Gross 0\ltput
Mined during
Year (Tons)
District
.....
.....
···········
200,205
2,682
8,149
7J4.R12---------------------945,!W<
Yearly Output
per Employee
(Tons)
336
1
30
958
--1)3_1_
I
Number of
Yearly Output
Emnloyee
596
245
3~B
1
272
26
767
?4~
7Jt
--f;{Y.Yl
~·
Maa-s-'lif~t
Tonnage
414,074
1,28L530
1949:
1950
520,188
460,159
1,5S9,Bt
!951
1952
44?,170
JS3.42?'
1953
1954
1955
1956
33?,922
lrtcludes both surface and underground w-orkers.
(Tons)
I
I
I
I
I
817
383
3!3
990
92-,--
1948-57
194S
1
p.r
Underground
I
Ot:TPUT PER MAN-SH1FT, UNDERGROUND MINES,
1957
1957
Underground
in Producing
Colfferle!
Men Employed
I
Year
l!n>-
ployee
223
616
0.53
O.fill
2
183
T
I
2.62
Sl'~>und
Yearly
Output
pee
Under·
ground
of Emp.Joyees
I
Tsable River Colliery...
Chambers: No, 5 mine
I.oudon No. 6 mine
Lewi!> mine (Timbe{!ands)
Daily
Output
Number
1.41H,813
1,434.974
1,388,732
1,\71,932
1,064,013
2R!L351
Jil-1.LN
1,157,1H3
307,821
226,536
1,100,434
945,5;48
Average-per
Man-shift
{Tons)
2,95
3-!)5
3.22
3.24
::t62
3.51
3.79
3.86
3.37
4.17
COLLIERIES OF BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1957-PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION, llY COLLIERIES AND llY DISTRICTS (IN SHORT TONS)
··--r~::Gross
Output
Mine
1w,.,n,.rv I
l
~---
Yant:ouver lltand District
Canadian Collieries Resources Ltd.-T.sable River CoJliery ...
Chambers No. 5 mine..
Loudon Nu. 6 rulne ....... ,.. .........
Lewis min¢ Cfh-nberlands)
Carruthers. and Wakelam No.
Stronach mine
Undun tnine
llig Flam-e mine
bxtenslon mine (Brodrick).
Welt:neton Hlue Flame No.2 mine
Whitcm!ne
Totals, Vancouver Island District
Nico!a~Princetott District
Ta:tlm' Butson mine (}:Hue Flame).. .
Coldwater Coal mine...
Mullin's strip mine___
Total!>, Nicola-Princeton District...
No•th<>n o;'"'"
Bulkley Valley Col1ieries ........ ____
Reschke mlnc..
Getbing No.3 mine
T!}tals,NruthernDlst.rkt
Ea.tKootm,.yD;,,,;d
Crnw's Nes1 Pu'\s Coal Co.
Ltd.~
blk R;ver
Mkhcl c~,_mery
Coleman Co11ferle5
Totals, East Kootenay Dimict..
Tons
28,499
Michel (',o!Hery -------
I
etc.
'
Tons
: --rI
I
~
Tons
I
7 I
,., 1
'!
2
I
l
On
Hand
Year
Year
Jn
I
!
I ... ...
12,733
-----
·-
._ ·-·-·--
·--- ·--·-·-·-·
I
- ---~
l
l
II
' Tons
I
7,693
I
I
'
1
1
l
i
-·-··
J
1
!
1
.. I
r
I
--------
-·· ·--
l
I
1
r
i
'
20,416
Else-
whereo
U.S.A.
Tons J Tons ) Tons
Tons
166,943
439
1
1,332
l
1,001
I
S:50
- ----~
474 1
_·--·
308
538 ; -------- 1
I
Tons
.
J
1,601 1
1.081 1
16,09:'! 1
-~s;m I
4.991
1,300
1.858:
1
1
1
l,Ml
l,Q8l
16,095
_______
---------______
158,511 I
1,332
1,001
850 I
474 I
308 :
'
I
J
1
I
I
.I
r
I
I
1
I
--------
~---18,777 j ______
I ............ :
~-
300
_
l
4,991
1,000
1,858
1
-----~
I I
_____
-----------
-----------
----
I --- ------ r --------
JiX)-I-i,849/
....
J
-
____
1
II
-- I
l
"<)94:6:}5'" [
lOO,J-R:fTS94;252""f"-17~83o"l-199~754--
--------,-----1-------
L22L?M I 129,182 J!,ro2.584
r
II
153,494 '
I
1
____ _ _
3,102
18,269\199,754
.I
153,494
I - ----·~!
1
6,181
1
1
2,236_1__
586
28o-
1
S6t(
:n,651 f
58,.116 1
1
9['767 1
I --~--866
I
I
I
92,0t57 1
I
1
1,601
1,081
16,095
I
~
4,991
900
1,858
II
Estimated.
211.850
1 215,270
5&J,OSR
98,790
9&,790
j-677,534T895Jl8-
• 366,8941
J
I
I
- , - ----
1 867,634 1,085,657
.·····
~-
lt,076 I
j
• Tndudes coal used in rtwklng coke and coal used under company stationary nnd locomotive boilers. etc.
~~·
-~
4,99t
900
1,858
,--
I
1
___
---
I
I
I ----
I
56-.1
t,fl73
1
'"
1,601
1,081 1
l6,(i95 \
1
I
--1
-------r-----~~------
II
I
1,149'
1,953
!
1
l91
2
60
----7;749-.-]-7,749
,I
I
I
j'lS,77i·l---iR,"777
300!
I
3,4:W
14,410 1 199,754
___ -.----- 1 -----~----
I
I
~-- -~-
I
71
------
200
Tons
z9r
2
60
-~----
f
II
300
; --~~ ------ -~----~--217Jil2 I 22,47K 1 214,ti&4
647,3JO ' 6ti,552 ' 58-0,778
110,143 I 11,353:2-1
98,790
-··
---T ..... 1-=
___ . ___
200
Tons
158.811
159,250
1,3:12
1,332
l,O()l
1,001
830
850
474
474
3DS
308
538 I
538
......... ( 11B,5741J64,-tiLf
I
_____
1
1
'Imts 1
I
I
r
1
60 I
--·--· --·-'
· 2R,499-Tt7t)06-I--439] _ _ _ 12,733 1 20,426 ,-7,693 i
!
-- --~
-~-----~~~ -- ---~-.,: · · · -
--,
I
Ltd~
On
Hand
First of Last of
1
I --
Sales
Stocks
~-::
i nanies'
j Boilers.
I
'
"'03
Cokte:
crow-'s Ne%t Pass Coal Co.
j
I
~ l
GrandtNalsforProvincc
v ..~
71,719
I
!
I
!
I
148,805
I
I
I!
N
N
Cm.UERJES OF BRITISH Cot.UMlllA, 1957-MEN EMPLOYED, DISTRIBUTION BY CoLLIERIES AND BY DlsTRlcTs
--=-=-=---
:~~·~=··=-·-
Mme
Sttnervb.inn
and Clerical
!
Vanc~ver bland Dlstri't
Tsable R111er Colliery______
_ _.. ________
A.
14
IS
...
Wellington Blue 'Flame No.2 :mine._...
··-· 1 -·:·
....._. ..
T<Jtals., VancouverhlandDlstrict --------Nl<:ola-Princetot~ Dlstrltt
"J:aylor Burson mi11;e (Blue Flame) .. " ..-... .... .......
Coldwater Coal tnJOe.
Mullirl's s!riP tnine
.. ····-·-·
'T \1tals, Nicola~ 'Princeton District..
N'l)ri:hot" Distrlet
Bulkley Valtey Collieries
Reschkemlne
........
GethJng No, 3 mine
l"ntal~. Nottlletn DistricL "'
!
l ! --··::: [
···:·
1 i
1
. '"
..
_
......
U.
29
1
129
l29
3
1
3
;
1
.-
..,
2
2:
2
---·
t
---..
2
2
2
1
2
2
1
1147
-2-
3
2
-----
--· _
..... l . ....
.
....
....
• 1 .. •
i ___
~
t6
16
1
1
! ......
! . ·,;:_
2
::!
---··
)
- ---
_
147 1 ....
1
:3
1
2
2 _
----.
~-
__
5
T.
~
--- ._
32
2
A.
....
2
2
Mechanics .and
Skilled I.abour
Lahourers
U.
A.
T.
__ . _
U.
A.
'L
U.
A.
T.
U,
22
:i6
5!1
58
___
38
96
-----
i --·-
! -----
..
I
1
-··· 1 .. -·
_ -·-·
1
1
... -
1
..
.. --·
__ ..
....
. --·
1
- --- ..
.
1 ---- -
-i
---_2._~
__::_'H
5
---·-
·-···
....
. ..
.....
-----....
~5~
-··
Employed
tO
i ---- · ------
·-···
··-·-
- ...
'f.
A.
·-- j _____
! __ __
1 --·
l -·· ...
38 i 96
311
I
1
5
)
1 .......
...
I.
3
)
2
2
2
2
?.
2
2
---____
1
1
2
:2
:Z
1
1 ...
1
~245
[ ...... \ -~..
..... I - .... 1 ......
...... . ..... I ...... : ...... I ...~.
I ... 1 ...... · ...... ! · .... ... -.
'f.
f!9
4
2
! --.. i ---- ..... ..... \ .....
! ...... ...... · ...... ' ...... 1 • ....
'"'" ! ·~·...... 1 ....... ) .. -.
1_::.;;:::.:.
A.
223
•..
i .... ! ,... 1 ...... , ..
10 : _ lU .
l..L
--·-- 1 --1....... ! ..
I ...... · ...... 1- .... 1 .......
.... ! ...".
I ...... J ......
.58
....
_____
1
... I .....
----10
~
---
4
3
--236
···-·
4
12
l2
.. l2
til
! .. "
.. .
7
··9f
~
:1
1>1
"'
~
.;
0
"'
:i
"'
~
z
~
m
)';
1
• "'"•:
1
1
1
1
3
2
1
2
10
22
4
2
38
59
28
5!
:;
5
13
!3
4
19
2
4
19
z ---
2
2
l
2
2
1
5
5
1
1
-1
·.::..:::.:...
1
- '
----
I!
-·-
I ...... ! ......
r "'"""
! ......
1 ..--.
I--..
I ......
i -----
f ..... i .....
r-
! ...
I ....
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co. Ltd.~
Elk RiverCoUtcry
.....- ......~ .. - - Michel CoUkry (underground).......
Michel Co!liery (strip) .. .......
......... _
Cufemau CnJiieries (striPL
. ...••
Totals, East KoO(t'M'F DistricL ····•·· -·-_ _ _G::' ....,, ••, ........ ·- --.. -·-~
Total Men
Boys
:
T.
-··
....
Helpers
i
'
U.
Chambers Nu. 5 mJne.
Lou~on ~o. 6 -~lne._
·-l.ewJS tlUI'!C {1 nnherlands.} ..
. .. ·Carruthet's and Wakclaro No. 3 mJn~---.
___ -I
Stronach mine~---···--·-··--·-·~--··~-·· ·-···--1
U;tdun mine.
. ........_ j
~tg Ft~me n:m-e ~.:,: ~ ·:·
ExtenSIOn mu~
1
Wl1He rnit~t: ___ . .---- ...... _.......... _...
j
---
M"
• mers
,·-.
CanadianCollkrieilResource1tLtd.~
N
1&
32
...
50
70
2
as
n4
250
----j --.I 384
i !l9 i "'
NOTE.-U.=undergroond; A.=abuve ground: T,;:..::;tota!!l.
! .. ...
t?t4
250
----•. --- - ' 384
I -- i 555
47
99
146
!53
_____
_ --------
i ·-- --
47
99
t-46
' 153
l!l.
40
23
57
-.
58
82
80 [ 130
4!1
97
22
82
--·
_1~0
_Hl~..
I 210
162
35
51 i ......
61 143 · .. ~
17
~~
. .
14
14
12" I 231
---·
165 . 327
r ..
!
l \
2
4 I 4
. .. ! ......
.....
6
6
6
6
16
4
6
26
l
2
1
- 4 . .[---
l?
6
1
30:
~
~
z
§J
239
503
. .. .
......
742
!.020
n
1~~
J.1
311
'{6
_ i6_
253
36ll
993
','SO
"'
""'
COAL
123
COAL-PREPARATION PLANTS
There were no additions or extensive alterations made to existing plants in 1957.
For full details of plants see 1954 Annual Report.
CoKE-MAKING
Coke is made at only one plant in the Province, that of the Michel Colliery, The
Craw's Nest Pass Coal Company Limited, Fernie. There were no alterations or extensions made at this plant during the year. For full details see 1954 Annual Report.
BRIQUETTING
Briquettes are made at only one plant in the Province, that of the Michel Colliery,
The Craw's Nest Pass Coal Company Limited, Fernie. There were no alterations or
extensions made at this plant during the year. For full details of this plant see 1954
Annual Report.
LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT
In 1957, 1,380 persons were employed in and about the coal mines of the Province,
an increase of fourteen over 1956.
Because of the five-day week in force throughout the Province at the larger mines,
and the legal holidays, the maximum number of working-days was 241. In the Vancouver Island District the one large mine, the Tsable River mine, worked 239 days. In the
East Kootenay District the Michel and Elk River Collieries worked 188 and 183 days
respectively.
COMPETITION FROM COAL PRODUCED OUTSIDE
OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
In 1957 the shipment of Alberta coal and briquettes to British Columbia totalled
672,527 and 24,834 tons respectively. The following table shows the amount of Alberta
coal brought into British Columbia during the past ten years:Year
Short Tons
Year
Short Tons
1948
1949
1950_
1951
1952
945,700
891,132
873,558
898,533
1,021,484
1953
1954_
1955
1956 __
1957
859,385
891,194
932,764
860,329
672,527
----------·
---
Of the 867,634 tons of British Columbia coal marketed, 306,473 tons was sold for
domestic and industrial use in Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, and Ynkon
Territory; 148,427 tons was sold for railroad nse in Canada; 92,067 tons was exported
to the United States; and 4,737 tons was sold for ships' bunkers.
The amount sold for domestic and industrial use in the Province was 275,999 tons.
ACCIDENTS IN AND AROUND COAL MINES
In 1957 two fatal accidents occurred, as compared with six in 1956. The number
of fatal accidents per 1,000 persons (underground and strip-mine personnel) employed
was 1.45, compared with 4.39 in 1956, 3.38 in 1955, 0.69 in 1954, 3.22 in 1953, 1.78
in 1952, 3.11 in 1951,2.21 in 1950, 0.43 in 1949, and 2.04 in 1948. The average for
the ten-year period was 2.18.
The number of fatal accidents per I ,000,000 gross tons of coal (underground and
strip-mine coal) produced in 1957 was 1.63, compared with 3.77 in 1956.
124
REPORT Ol' THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
The following table shows the collieries at which fatal accidents occurred in 1957,
with comparative figures for 1956:Colliery
The C:-ow's Ne:>l Pa:S\
Co:t~
Co. Ltd.
T!le Cmw's Ne<>t Pass {~Ja! Co. Lt,L.
Canadian Com erie;; ReSPUTces Ltd.
Tmnls
1956
Michel Colliery
Elk River Colliery ....
Tsable River ....
2
2
~-+--'
2
6
The following two tables classify the fatal accidents in coal mines as to cause and
quantity of coal per accident:-fATAL ACCIDENTS CLASSIFIED AS TO CAUSE
!957
Cause
Number
By falls of mof and coal
Collapse of roof suppmL'>
16.67
~333
'1
l6.67
Haulage ( undergrounJ)
Swik·hlng railroad c:trs
R{)!liilg coal or mrk _..
Total"
fATAL AcciDENTS, UNDERGROUND MINES, CLASSIFIED AS TO
QUANTITY OF COAL MINED
1956
1957
Cause
Number
t>f Fatal
Accidents
\
G.Jal Mlned
pet Fatai
Accident
Number
nfFatu'l
A<::cidents
Tons
945,848
Hy falls nf wof and coal
Collapse of wof WpPQrfs ..
Haulvgc (tlllderground) ___ _
Switching tall road cars
Rolling coal or rock
TQtal;
NDn:.-Thcre ;vcrc no fat.tl ao:idtfll\l in strip-mining Dperations during 1957.
RATIO OF FATAL AcciDENTS, UNDERGROUND MINES
Accident Death Rate
District
Province, I9S7 ... --Province, 1956
Coal :Mined
per Fatai
Acddent.
ToM
1.100,434
550,217
1.100,434
550,111
COAL
125
In 1957 there were two fatal accidents at the mines in the Province, both of which
occurred underground.
On April 16th, 1957, at about 1 p.m., John Baher, aged 53, Czechoslovakian, single,
and employed as a miner in No.3 mine, Elk River Colliery, was killed by a fall of ground.
The accident occurred in No.3 split off No. 2 Left roadway off No. 5 incline. No. 3
split is driven 12 feet wide and high up the pitch along an old roadway in order to extract
the pillar on the left side of that roadway. The split is supported by four rows of posts,
two on each side of a shaker-conveyor used for advancing the split. There was a 6-foot
downthrow fault showing at the face of the split. The fall of ground came from the roof
where it was cut by the fault. It fell between the front row of posts, which were 4 to 5
feet from the face, and the fault.
Baber and his partner, Horst Otto, were working at the face when the accident
occurred. Baber was digging a hole for another post when a rock 8 feet by 4 feet by 20
inches thick, weighing 4 to 5 tons, fell, almost covering him. Help was obtained immediately and Baber's body removed.
The face had been examined the day before the accident by the fireboss and overman, who both recognized the hazardous situation caused by the fault but apparently
were satisfied that the ground was in a safe condition.
On June 20th, 1957, at about 11.45 a.m., Jacob Manser, aged 52, Swiss, married,
and employed as a miner in "A" West mine, Michel Colliery, was killed when he was
struck on the head by a piece of rock or coal while pushing coal down a chute in No. 2
raise off No. 9 belt-road.
No. 2 raise is an ordinary roadway driven on an incline of about 30 degrees. A chute
which serves several working-places off the raise is on the left-hand side. It is 4 feet wide.
with sheet-metal bottom and 2-inch planked sides about 3 feet high. Barricades have
been built at points on the chutes where roadways have been driven from the raise. The
]ower end of the chute discharges on to a short chain conveyor which carries the coal to
the No. 9 belt. Usually the coal runs down such a chute freely but, when slightly damp,
sometimes hangs up and has to be started again by pushing it with a short stick from the
side of the chute. These conditions existed at the time of the accident, and Manser was
engaged in this work.
There were no witnesses. Steve Vasek, conveyor loader, and Manser were attending to the chute on No. 2 raise. They had just eaten their lunch, and Vasek went to
start the chain conveyor while Manser went up the chute to keep the coal coming down.
Vasek unloaded coal for about ten minutes, when it stopped coming down the chute.
He went up the raise to investigate and found his partner 200 feet up the raise in a kneeling position against the side of the chute, his head resting against a post. He had a large
wound on the right side of his head just below the ear, was bleeding profusely from the
mouth and nose, and there was no sigo of life. Apparently a piece of rock or coal had
come rolling down the chute and was deflected in such a manner that it struck Manser
on the head.
Including the foregoing fatal accidents, 259 accidents involving loss of seven days or
more were reported to the Department by the management of the various mines. All these
accidents were investigated and reported on by the District Inspectors of Mines.
The following three tables classify the accidents in coal mines in 1957 as to occupation of the men involved, as to cause, and as to injury. The fatal accidents are included
in the totals:-
126
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
ACCIDENTS CLASSIFIED AS TO 0CCUP ATION
Number of
Accidents
Occupation
UndergroundMiners
Drillers and facemen _
Haulage and conveyor men _
Trackmen and mechanics _
Supervisors _
Timberm en
Coal-cutters
Miscellaneous
SurfaceShops
Surface
Preparation and coke-ovens _
Miscellaneous
Totals_
Percentage of
Accidents
137
52.90
40
6
6
12
15.44
2.32
2.32
4.63
16
6.18
11
12
14
5
4.25
4.63
5.40
1.93
259
100.00
AcCIDENTS CLASSIFIED AS TO CAUSE
Number of
Accidents
Cause
Fall of ground _
Fall of material and !lying material
Lifting and handling equipment and materiaL
Machinery and tools
Slipped and tripped _
_ ______________
Falling off staging and platforms
Miscellaneous
Totals
Percentage of
Accidents
68
16
74
35
46
7
13
26.25
6.19
28.57
13.51
17.76
2.70
5.02
259
100.00
ACCIDENTS CLASSIFIED AS TO INJURY
Number of
Injury
Accidents
Head and neck _
Eyes
Trunk
Back
Arms_
Hands and fingers _
Legs
Feet
Toes
Totals __
Percentage of
Accidents
17
5
54
41
12
50
54
20
6
6.56
1.93
20.85
15.83
4.63
19.31
20.85
7.72
2.32
259
100.00
EXPLOSIVES
The following table shows the quantity of explosives used in underground coal mines
in 1957, together with the number of shots fired, tons of coal produced per pound of
explosive used, and the average number of pounds of explosive per shot fired (these
quantities include alJ the explosives used for breaking coal and rock work in coal
mines):-
COAL
127
VANCOUVER ISLAND DISTRICT
Quantity of
ExPlosives
Colliery
u~ct
(Pounds)
Tsable River CoUiery -·-
Chambers No.5 mine_..
Loudon No.6 min<L-. ~"~ "~"""
Lewis mine (TimberlandsL ..- ... _
Carruthers and Wakelam No.3 . _
Stronach No.2 mine ... ----------~-
Coal
:Mined
(Tons)
Total
Number
Of Shots.
Fired
195.442
1.332
1,001
138,100
650
<50
900
894
Averaj;e
Tons of
Coal ocr
Pound of
Exolosive
u.,d
Average
Pounds of
Explosfve
per Shot
Fired
uno
Wellington Blue Flame No. :L____ _
Undun mine__
Big Flame mine
mine.""""~;;;;;;i~J{],~=:":
:".".::.
Extension
(l
White mine
Totals for district __ _
NJCOL.,-PRINCETON DISTRICT
Taylor Burson (.Blue Flame) ..
Coldwater Coal mine.
Totals for distrkL __ _
NORTHERN DISTRICT
Bulkley Valley CoUierieL
Reschke"'""·"·"·"·······
Gething No, rnin<L.
TotaJs for district ···------------·--
EAST KooTENAY DISTRICT
-----------.---,---.......----,--------;-····················Elk River Colliery................ ..
Michel Colliery (underground) __ _
Totals for district..
9,342
_________
237,162
Il,598
25.39
0.8()
-"'";":::.5;':0~0--.-~4;9~7~·'::;'"~+~.;9.'c3.c,:3;;";;.'
-'c--.:.;··"'~'-+
1.16
!
117,842
734,8.12
104.968
6.24
.....T:T::r··
PROVINCE
Totats for Pwvinco ..
231.516
945,848
QUANTITY OF DIFFERENT EXPLOSIVES
0.90
257,441
UsED
Lh.
Monobel of different gradeL
Permissible rock powder..
"~~~"""~~""~
Total
219,593
11,923
231,516
MACHINE-MINED COAL
In 1957, mining-machines produced approximately 24,791 tons or 2.6 per cent of the
total output from underground mining. A total of 275,918 tons of strip-mined coal was
removed by mechanical means.
128
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
Machines Drhren byDistrict
Electricity
Vancouver Island __
-------····-
Nicola-Princeton __ .
Northern District ___
East Kootenay _..
Totals
--------------
I
I
2
Type of Machine Used
IComP'""d
Air
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
2
2
Chain
Cutting
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
2
3
I
Rotary
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
SAFETY LAMPS
There were 1,285 safety lamps in use in the mines of the Province. Of this number,
eighty-nine were flame safety and 1,196 were approved electric lamps, mostly of the
Edison type.
APPROVED SAFETY LAMPs--ELECTRIC AND FLAME
The following is a list of approved safety lamps, electric and flame:The Wolf lamp, flame type.
The Koehler lamp, flame type.
The Edison electric lamp (cap) as Approval No. 18 of the United States Bureau
of Mines, and all Edison lamps up to and including Model P, carrying the
Approval Certificate No. 26 of the United States Bureau of Mines, Model
R-4, Approval No. 29.
The Wheat electric lamp and having Approval No. 20, as issued by the United
States Bureau of Mines.
The Wolf electric lamp, No. 830c.
The electric lamp manufactured by the Portable Lamp and Equipment Company, under Approval No. 27 of United States Bureau of Mines.
M.S.A. single-cell trip lamp, carrying United States Bureau of Mines Approval
No. 1009, approved for use on haulage trips in mines.
The Davis M.L. model pneumatic electric lamp.
ELECTRICITY
Electricity is used for various purposes on the surface and underground at five
collieries. A total of 15,782 horsepower was used in and about these mines. Detailed
information as to how and where this power was used is given in the report of the Electrical Inspector of Mines.
INSPECTION COMMITTEES
The provisions of the "Coal-mines Regulation Act," section 65, General Rule 19,
require that an inspection committee of workmen shall inspect the mine regularly on
behalf of the workmen and make a true report of the conditions found. In all the larger
mines of the Province this rule is fully observed, and copies of the report are sent to the
Inspectors for the district. The work of these committees is valuable and assists in
furthering the interests of safety at the various mines.
COAL DUST
The danger of accumulations of coal dust on the roadways and in the workingplaces is fully realized, and as a rule the regulations regarding the control of coal dust are
adequately carried out. Large quantities of limestone dust are used continually in the
larger mines to combat this hazard. It is used in the roadways, working-places, and for
the tamping of shots.
COAL
129
Dust samples are taken regularly from roof, sides, and floor of mine roadways and
analysed. The reports of the analyses are forwarded to the District Inspector each
month.
DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES
Early in August, 1950, the first diesel underground locomotive to be used in any
mine in British Columbia made its trial runs in No. 9 mine, Elk River Colliery, The
Craw's Nest Pass Coal Company Limited.
The locomotive is a 15-ton 100-horsepower North British type and is fully permissible for use in coal mines. This locomotive is still in use at the Elk River Colliery.
Two 75-horsepower diesel locomotives were purchased in 1956 for use in hauling the
output from the "A" North mine to the tipple at the Michel Colliery.
MILLISECOND DELAY DETONATORS
In February, 1951, an amendment to the "Coal-mines Regulation Act" was
passed to allow, with the permission of the Chief Inspector of Mines, more than one
shot to be fired at a time in any coal mine or district of a mine. For further details see
1954 Annual Report.
DANGEROUS OCCURRENCES
On Februrary 5th, 1957, two premature blasts occurred during shot-firing operations at Tent Mountain strip mine, Coleman Collieries Limited, when three charged
holes in the coal detonated during a severe wind-storm. The holes were part of a total
of sixty holes which had been drilled and charged. The first incident occurred when
the detonator wires were being connected preparatory to blasting, when two loaded
holes detonated simultaneously. A single shot exploded two hours later, after the area
had been fenced off and no one was in the immediate vicinity. No one was injured in
either instance.
A thorough investigation indicated that the blasts were caused by charges of static
electricity being developed when particles of dust and frozen snow were being blown
across the area.
On June 25th, 1957, a dense atmosphere consisting of haze and smoke was discovered in some idle workings in No. 6 Right section, Tsable River mine, Canadian
Collieries Resources Limited. A search by members of the colliery mine-rescue squad,
equipped with all-service breathing apparatus, located the fire at the face of a crosscut
off No. 6 Right entry. A quantity of fine coal, estimated at about 20 tons, was found
to be in the later stages of heating, with considerable smoke issuing. The pile of coal
was very liberally covered with limestone dust and sealed off by erecting two stoppings
about 1 foot apart, close to the pile. The interval between the stoppings was filled with
limestone dust.
At a later date the seals were removed and the pile of coal, now cooled, was
loaded out.
On July 17th, 1957, a 600-horsepower electric motor, used for driving a compressor
on the surface of Elk River Colliery, caught fire and the stator coils suffered extensive
damage. A severe electrical storm in progress at the time of the fire is thought to have
contributed to the incident by overloading the electrical system.
On August 23rd, 1957, in "A" North mine, Michel Colliery, The Craw's Nest
Pass Coal Company Limited, the rear end of the borecat continuous-mining machine
skidded on the inclined footwall at the face of the drainage level and jammed a rubberinsulated electric cable against a lagging on the low-side rib. A severe flash occurred
and the cable was later found to have been punctured. No one was injured.
On September 16th, 1957, in No. I East mine, Elk River Colliery, The Craw's Nest
Pass Coal Company Limited, four loaded cars of coal broke away from a seven-car trip
130
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
being lowered on No. I Incline. No one was injured but tbe cars were extensively
damaged. Investigation disclosed that a coupling pin had worked loose.
On November 22nd, 1957, in No. 9 mine, Elk River Colliery, The Craw's Nest
Pass Coal Company Limited, the eye of a socket on the No. I Slope rope broke while
two loaded 10-ton-capacity cars were being hoisted. Although the last car was derailed
by the drag, the two cars ran back about 700 feet. Three sets of timbers were dislodged
and a 6-inch compressed-air line was broken in three places.
BUMPS AND OUTBURSTS
There were no bumps or outbursts of gas in the mines of the Province.
PROSECUTIONS
Mihaly Takago, supplyman, Michel Colliery, was prosecuted on October 25th,
1957, under Rule 112 of the Craw's Nest Pass Coal Company's "Special Rules" for
subjecting himself to danger not necessary in tbe course of his occupation. He was
found guilty and fined $10 and costs.
SUPERVISION OF COAL MINES
During 1957 nineteen companies operated twenty-seven mines, employing 1,020
men underground. In the supervision of underground employees there were 4 managers,
11 overmen, 3 shiftbosses, and 63 firebosses, or approximately I official for every 13 men.
"COAL SALES ACT"
LIST OF REGISTERED NAMES OF BRITISH COLUMBIA CoALS, APPROVED BY THE CHIEF
INSPECTOR OF MINES, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THE " COAL
SALES AcT."
Registered Name of Coal
l
Colliery and Location
Comox _
Hi-Carbon
Tsable River mine, Comox Colliery (Cumberland)_~
Mixture of Canadian Collieries coal and B.C.
Electric coke
Old Wellington ---------·--··------- No.9 mine (Wellington).,..Chambers-Extens:on ____ _
Chambers-Extension _________ -----Cassidy-Wellington
Cassidy mine (Cassidy)___
Taylor Burson __________________ _ Blue Flame No.2 mine (Princeton)-------·--·----····
Hat Creek __
Hat Creek (Lillooet)
-------------····-··---Bulkley Valley __________ _
Bulkley Valley (Telkwa) .. _ ------- ___ ----··-· -----..···-·Crew's Nest, Elk River
Elk River (Coal Creek)_
-.--...
Crew's Nest, Michel_.
Michel (Michel) ____ _
--------------··------·Coldwater
Coldwater No. 3 mine (Merritt) ____ --·---·--·----------Black Prince __ _
Black mine (Princeton)
___ -----······---------Bowron River Coal
Bowron River mine (Prince George) -------..·--····---Comac ___ _
Tsable River Colliery (Cumberland) and McLeod
River Colliery (Alberta)
Producing Company
Canadian Collieries Resources Ltd.
Canadian Coliieries Resources Ltd.
Canadian Collieries Resources Ltd.
R. H. Chambers.
A. H. Carroll.
Taylor Burson Coal Co. Ltd.
Canada Coal and Development Co. Ltd.
Bulkley Valley Collieries.
Crew's Nest Pass Coal Co. Ltd.
Craw's Nest Pass Coal Co. Ltd.
S. Gerrard.
R. B. Savage.
Central Industries Ltd.
Canadian Collieries Resources Ltd.
BOARD OF EXAMINERS FOR COAL-MINE OFFICIALS
FIRST-, SECOND-, AND THIRD-CLASS CERTIFICATES AND MINE SURVEYORS'
CERTIFICATES
The Board of Examiners, formed on July lOth, 1919, consists at present of H. C.
Hughes, Chief Inspector of Mines, chairman; A. R. C. James, Inspector of Mines,
member; and Robert B. Bonar, Senior Inspector of Mines, secretary and member.
The meetings of the Board are held in the office of the Department of Mines in
Victoria. The examinations are held in accordance with the amended rules of the
Board of Examiners and approved by the Minister. The examinations are held at least
COAL
Ill
once a year, and more often if necessary. Examinations were held in 1957 on the
following dates: May 15th, 16th, and 17th at the Fernie centre and at Cumberland
and Prince Rupert in November.
The total number of candidates at these examinations was as follows: For thirdclass certificates, 1 (passed); Second-class certificates, 1 (failed); First-class certificates, 1 (passed); mine surveyors' certificates, 1 (passed).
The following were the successful candidates: Third class-George McDonald
Watson; first class-David Smith; mine surveyor-Allan W. Britton.
All officials, before engaging in multiple blasting with millisecond delay detonators,
are required to obtain a permit to do so from the Board of Examiners (Coal-mine
Officials). This permit is issued only after the applicant has successfully passed oral
and practical examinations in such work.
In addition to the examinations and certificates already specified as coming under
the Board of Examiners, the Act provides that every coal-miner shall be the holder of
a certificate of competency as such. Examinations are held regularly in coal-mining
districts, and no certificate is granted where the candidate has failed to satisfy the Board
as to his fitness, experience in a coal mine, and a general working knowledge of the
English language.
During 1957 there were sixty-nine candidates for coal-miners' certificates, two of
whom were unsuccessful. In addition to the certificates granted above, substitute certificates were issued to those who had lost their original certificates. Permits to act
as coal-miners, as provided by the Act, have been granted to younger men by Inspectors
in their respective districts. This method allows promising men with less than one year's
experience underground to work at the coal face as miners under the guidance of an
experienced miner.
The Board of Examiners desires to thank the different coal-mining companies for
the use of their premises for holding examinations where necessary.
NOTES ON COAL MINES
VANCOUVER ISLAND INSPECTION DISTRICT
By R. B. Bonar
The gross output of coal from the V anconver Island Inspection District was 200,205
tons, a decrease of 142 tons or 0.07 per cent from the 1956 output. Only one large
coal mine, the Tsable River mine, is now in production on the Island. Operations in
the once important Nanaimo coalfield are now restricted to eight very small mines,
providing employment for no more than twenty-four men. These mines operate in
outcrop, pillars, and barriers left during earlier working.
The Island coal-mining industry has suffered a rapid decline in the past few years.
Production has declined by as much as 60 per cent since 1951. This condition has
resulted from loss of markets due to competition from other fuels, high costs of production, and from the depletion of reserves in the Nanaimo coalfield. However, indications
are that the bottom of the decline has been reached and that the present production will
be maintained for several years.
In 1957 there were two accidents classified as serious, both of which occurred
underground at the Tsable River mine.
In addition to these, forty-six minor accidents were reported and investigated.
There was one dangerous occurrence reported from the mines of the Island-a fire that
broke out in the Tsable River mine. This incident is reported fully under " Dangerous
Occurrences."
132
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
The annual mine-rescue and first-aid meet organized by the Vancouver Island Mine
Safety Association was held at Cumberland on Saturday, June 1st. Two teams from
Tsable River mine and a visiting team from Britannia mine participated in the minerescue competition, and a very high standard of performance was maintained. The
winning team was the Tsable River team No. I, captained by John Thomson.
NANAIMO (49° 123° S.W.)
R. H. Chambers and associates, operators; R. H. Chambers, manager. This mine is in Section 14, Range 7, in the Douglas district,
Mine, Extension near Extension. The area was first opened up as a strippin~
operation in the latter part of 1952 and comprised a small section
of the Wellington seam lying close to the surface in the vicinity of the old Vancouver
slope workings. By the end of 1954 all available surface coal was depleted, and early
in January, 1955, the present slope was started to test the continuity of the seam underground. Early in 1957 the slope broke into the old Extension workings after being
driven well over 600 feet from the portal. The slope pillars and the room pillars are
now being mined on the retreat.
The coal is mined by picking out the middle band of carbonaceous shale with handpicks. It is then blasted and hand-loaded into cars which are hauled to the tipple by a
gasoline--driven hoist. A small shaker screen sorts the coal into over 2-inch, 1- to 2-inch,
and under l-inch sizes.
Total production in 1957 was 1,332 tons over a working period of 142 days, with
a crew of five men. Working conditions were found to be satisfactory in the course of
inspections. No accidents were reported.
Chambers No.5
G!yn Lewis, operator and fireboss. This property comprises two
small mines operating in the Wellington seam in a small area of
outcrop coal that was left when No. 8 mine was abandoned by
Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir) Limited. The seam outcrops on
the side of a ridge parallel to and immediately south of the Nanaimo River valley at an
elevation of 540 feet above sea-level. The coal measures dip southward at 8 degrees.
The two mines are one-third of a mile apart.
The new mine, which commenced production in May, 1951, is in Range 1, Section
2, of the Cranberry district. It operates in an area of coal outcrop about I acre in extent,
which is bounded on the west by a thrust fault that also formed the western boundary of
the old No. 8 mine. The seam is 6 feet thick, including two thin rock bands.
The coal is blasted off the solid and hand-loaded into cars which are hauled to the
surface up the slope by a small gasoline-driven hoist. A shaker screen sorts the coal
into lump, nut, and pea sizes. Total production in 1957 was 850 tons over a working
period of I 96 days, with a crew of three men. Working conditions were found to be
Lewis Mine
(Timberlands)
satisfactory, and no accidents were reported.
F. Vlasich, operator and fireboss. This mine is about 500 feet
southeast of the Blue Flame No. 1 mine, which is on Lot 194 in
the Bright district, about 600 feet west of the Timberlands road
and I 6 miles by road from Nanaimo. It is a prospect started in
a continuation of the outcrop from Blue F1ame No. I mine. The
prospect was abandoned on January 9th, 1958, because shaly coal was encountered, the
quality of which did not improve as the measures were entered.
Blue Flame No. 2
Mine, Wellington
(Timberlands)
Undun Mine
J. Unsworth and A. Dunn, operators; A. Dunn, fireboss. This
mine, which was brought into production in August, 1954, is
three-quarters of a mile northwest of the village of Extension. It
COAL
133
operates in the Wellington seam, and the output comes from the mining of pillars and
small areas of coal left near the outcrop in the workings of the old Extension No. 6 mine.
The Wellington seam is variable in thickness, but the coal is of excellent quality. The
measures dip about I 0 degrees southwest. The roof is strong conglomerate.
The coal is blasted off the solid and hand-loaded into cars which are hauled via
the slope to the surface by a small gasoline-driven hoist. Production in 1957 amounted
to 538 tons over a working period of 140 days, with a crew of two men. Working conditions were found to be satisfactory in the course of inspections, and no accidents were
reported.
Albert Addison, operator. This mine is in Range 5, Section 13, of
the Cranberry district. Reopening of this mine, formerly known
as the Clifford mine, was commenced early in 1955. During the
year, only prospecting was done in the mine in an attempt to find coal of economical
thickness and grade.
Big Flame Mine
H. Brodrick and associates, operators; H. Brodrick, fireboss.
This mine is located partly on Lot 6, Douglas district, and on Section 12, Range I, Cranberry district, and is about 2 miles west of
Extension village. The mine was started early in the year in outcrop coal near the portal
of the No. 2 slope, old Extension colliery.
The coal is blasted off the solid and hand-loaded into cars which are hauled to the
surface by a small gasoline-driven hoist. Production in 1957 amounted to 191 tons
over a working period of 160 days, with a crew of two men. Working conditions were
found to be satisfactory in the course of inspections, and no accidents were reported.
Extension Mine
NoRTH WELLINGTON
(49' 124' S.E.)
W. Loudon and associates, operators; W. Loudon, fireboss. This
mine is about I mile southeast of Wellington and has been opened
up by a flat-dipping slope driven in a small area of outcrop coal in
the No. 2 Upper Wellington seam adjacent to the old No. 9 mine
workings. The top portion of the seam, varying from 2 to 3 feet and consisting of carbonaceous shale, is blasted off the solid and stowed. The bottom 20 inches to 2 feet of
coal is broken up with light shots and hand-loaded into cars which are hauled to the
surface by a small gasoline-driven hoist. Production in 1957 amounted to 1,001 tons
over a working period of 198 days, with a crew of three men. Working conditions were
Loudon No. 6
Mine
found to be satisfactory during the course of inspections, and no accidents were reported.
R. B. Carruthers and W. Wakelam, operators; R. B. Carruthers,
Carruthers and
Wakelam No.3
Mine
fireboss.
This mine, near the Loudon mine, is also in the No. 2
or Upper Wellington seam adjacent to the abandoned workings of
the old No. 9 mine. Production in 1957 amounted to 474 tons
over a working period of 157 days, with a crew of two men.
Working conditions were found to be satisfactory in the course of inspections.
No acci-
dents were reported.
Charles Stronach, operator; H. Gilmour, fireboss.
This mine is
in a section of the No. 2 or Upper Wellington seam adjacent to
the old No. 9 mine. All of the output comes from the mining of
pillars and small areas of coal left in the early workings. Production in 1957 amounted to 308 tons over a period of !51 days, with a crew of two men.
Stronach No. 2
Mine
Working conditions were found to be satisfactory in the course of inspections.
dents were reported.
No acci-
134
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
Joseph White, operator; John McArthur, fireboss. This mine is
about 200 feet south of Stronach No. 2 mine and was operated
as a prospect in search of pillars of coal thought to have been left
during the early working of the old Wellington slope and latterly the Pacific No. 2 mine.
These mines operated in the lower Wellington seam, which averages 6 to 8 feet in thickness and is of excellent quality. After considerable difficulty in passing through a gob
area, a small pillar of coal was located. About 60 tons of coal was mined from this
pillar when a cave-in occurred on December 20th, 1957, which will, in all probability,
permanently close the mine.
White Mine
COMOX (49' 124' N.W.)
Head office, 566 Hornby Street, Vancouver.
F. Ronald Graham,
Canadian Collieries chairman of the board; N. R. Whittall, president; E. 0. T. Simp-
Resources Limited
son, vice-president, mining; W. W. Johnstone, district superintendent. The company name was changed from Canadian Collieries
(Dunsmuir) Limited on March 20th, 1957. In 1957 this company operated one mine
on Vancouver Island, the Tsable River mine.
Tsable River Mine.-S. J. Lawrence, manager; T. Ecclestone, overman; L. Cooper,
A. Cullen, and A. Somerville, shiftbosses; W. Bennie, J. Cochrane, M. Frobisher,
W. High, L. Hutchinson, C. Lewis, G. Nicholas, J. Thomson, and A. Maxwell, fire bosses;
S. Gough, surface foreman.
The layout and method of operating this mine are fully described in the 1954
Annual Report. In 1957 production came from the extraction of pillars formed by
earlier development in the seam and from development work in the northeast section
beyond the second fault system. This latter section, which was penetrated by an inclined
rock tunnel near the end of 1955, is being rapidly expanded in spite of the difficulties
encountered when penetrating a downthrow fault of varying displacement that was met
by the two levels driven from the top of the rock tunnel.
The two slopes started from the levels, one on either side of the downthrow fault,
are still being advanced in virgin territory, and the seam at the face of the slopes is of
normal height and clean. The width of this section has not been limited, and the levels
driven to the left and right off the slopes are still advancing in coal, although thinning of
the seam has been encountered in certain levels. The immediate roof is composed of
thinly bedded sandstone which contains numerous slips and joints and requires closer
timbering than is usual. A rock tunnel started to the rise off No. 10 level parting will,
when completed, intersect the slope workings in this section and will greatly facilitate
haulage in the mine.
All the coal, both in development and pillar-extraction workings, is blasted off the
solid. Electrical multiple blasting with millisecond delay detonators is used throughout
the mine. Totals of 100,405 pounds of Monobel No. 4 explosive and 138,000 detonators were used during the year.
Total production in 1957 amounted to 195,442 tons over a working period of 239
days, with a crew averaging 223 men underground and eighty-nine on the surface.
Conditions at the mine were usually found to be satisfactory in the course of
inspections.
First-aid arrangements have been maintained at a satisfactory standard. A suitably
equipped first-aid room is provided on the surface, and an ambulance is held in readiness
for emergencies. Five employees hold industrial first-aid certificates, and twenty-four
employees hold other first-aid certificates. Two mine-rescue teams of six men each are
maintained, and these attend periodic practices at the Cumberland mine-rescue station.
Forty accidents occurring at or in the mine were reported and investigated, two of
which were classed as serious. This mine won the Ryan Trophy, emblematic of having
the lowest accident record in a British Columbia coal mine, in 1956, and has again won
COAL
135
the award for 1957. This excellent record is due to the maintaining of the intensified
safety programme put into effect by the management and ably assisted and advised by the
Director of the Safety Division of the British Columbia Mining Association.
Regular inspections of the mine were made each month by the inspection committee
appointed by the workmen, and copies of its reports were forwarded to the office of the
District Inspector through the courtesy of the committee.
NICOLA-PRINCETON INSPECTION DISTRICT
By A. R. C. James
By the end of 1957, only two small coal mines were operating in this district. Total
production for the year was 18,771 tons, only a quarter of the 1956 production. The
greater part of this much-reduced output was from the Mullins strip mine at Blakeburn,
which was closed in April when the Granby steam-electric power plant was shut down
following cessation of operations at Copper Mountain.
The Coldwater mine at Merritt continued to be operated on a small scale and produced coal chiefly for local domestic use. The Blue Flame mine near Princeton, formerly
operated by the Taylor Burson Coal Company, continued to be worked by a group of
former employees. By the end of 1957, however, the last remaining pillars of coal were
being extracted at this mine.
Coal Licence No. 12, covering 640 acres in the Hat Creek area, was renewed in
favour of Inland Resources Company Ltd. In the latter half of the year some diamond
drilling was done on the lignite deposits in this area.
Coal Licence No. 17, covering 320 acres in the Blakeburn area, was renewed in
favour of Collins Gulch Collieries Ltd. Coal Lease No. 38, covering 630 acres southwest of Princeton, was renewed in favour of Wilson Mining Corporation. Coal Licence
No. 59, covering 80.9 acres near Grindrod, was renewed in favour of Edward Pechr.
No activity of any importance was reported from any of these properties.
No accidents were reported from any of the coal mines in 1957, nor were there any
prosecutions under the ''Coal-mines Regulation Act."
For the first time in many years the Similkameen Valley Mine Safety Association
was unable to hold an annual field day in 1957. The closure of Copper Mountain made
it impossible to secure sufficient entries to permit the organizing of mine-rescue and firstaid competitions.
CoALMONT (49" !20° S.W.)
Mullin's Strip Mine Ltd.-Edward Mullin, manager, Princeton.
This company operated a strip mine at the site of the old Coalmont
Collieries Ltd. Nos. 3, 4, and 5 mines at Blake burn. The property
is 5 miles by road from Coalmont. A D-8 bulldozer was used to
remove the overburden and a TD-14 2-yard loader was used to load the coal into trucks.
The entire production was trucked to the Granby steam-electric power plant near Princeton. This plant was closed down at the end of April, when the Granby company ceased
operations at Copper Mountain and Allenby. There were no other markets available for
the coal, and so the strip mine was also closed down. Total production since the strip
mine was started in 1954 was 163,439 tons. Production in 1957 was 16,095 tons.
A crew of five men was employed at the pit and ten men in trucking the coal to the power
plant.
MERRITT (50" 120" S.W.)
Blakeburn
Strip Mine
Coldwater
Coal Mines
This property, I mile south of Merritt, is operated by the owners,
S. Gerrard and partners. Fire boss (on permit), S. Gerrard. Activities were again confined to the Coldwater No. 5 mine and consisted
of splitting pillars and extracting remnants of coal left between the
136
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
abandoned workings of the Middlesboro No. 5 mine and the surface, in the area adjacent
to and west of the old water-tank and about 250 feet west of the old Middlesboro No. 4
mine. The seam is from 4 to 5 feet thick and includes two partings consisting of 3 inches
of bone and I inch of hard shale. The coal is blasted from the solid and is hand-loaded
into cars which are hauled to the surface by a small gasoline-driven hoist. Total production in 1957 was 1,081 tons. The crew varied from two to three men. Working conditions
were usually found to be satisfactory in the course of inspections. No methane was
detected.
PRINCETON (49' 120' S.W.)
James Fairley, overman; Thomas Brydon, fireboss. This mine is
about 10 miles by road south of Princeton and about half a mile
west of the Hope-Princeton Highway. In 1957 mining operations
were confined to the extraction of pillars between No. 2 level and
the outcrop. By the end of the year the last remaining pillars were being mined. Production for 1957 was 1,601 tons, and a crew of three men was employed. Conditions
were usually found to be satisfactory in the course of inspection and no gas was found.
Blue Flame
Colliery
HAT CREEK (50' 121' N.W.)
Company office, 602 West Hastings Street, Vancouver. R. R.
Inland Resources Wilson, president, Vancouver. This company holds Coal Licence
Limited
No. 12, covering 640 acres in the Hat Creek area. The property
is at Upper Hat Creek, 30 miles from Ashcroft and 15 miles from
Pavilion. An unusually thick deposit of lignite coal occurs in a small basin of Tertiary
sedimentary rocks. Little is known of the structure of the coal measures, but near the
coal outcrop they appear to be steeply folded and to have undergone some faulting. The
Hat Creek coal deposit has been known of for many years and was reported on by
Dawson in 1877. Various early attempts were made to develop the property. In 1925
the Hat Creek Coal Company drilled seven drill-holes and drove an adit I 00 feet in an
attempt to explore the property. Mining for local requirements on a very small scale was
carried on from 1933 to 1945. The property remained inactive from 1945 to 1957.
In 1957, under the technical direction of Victor Dulmage, eight holes totalling 5,700
feet were diamond drilled on the west side of the creek with the object of further exploring the extent and structure of the deposit. Drilling began about August 23rd and was
continued to the end of the year. A crew averaging eight men was employed and a camp
was established at the property. It is reported that further work is planned for 1958.
[Reference: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rep!., 1925, pp. 305-333; Geol. Surv.,
Canada, Mem. 262, pp. 108-110.]
EAST KOOTENAY INSPECTION DISTRICT
By D. R. Morgan
The production of coal from the East Kootenay Inspection District in 1957 was
994,635 tons, a decline of 307,949 tons or 23.6 per cent less than the quantity produced
in 1956. There were two companies in operation, and their activities were confined to
the Crowsnest Pass area. The Craw's Nest Pass Coal Company Limited, with mines at
Michel and Coal Creek, produced 884,492 tons, a decrease of 303,642 tons from the
corresponding figure obtained in 1956, and Coleman Collieries Limited, operating a large
strip mine on the interprovincial boundary on Tent Mountain near Corbin, produced
110,143 tons, a decrease of 4,307 tons. Most of the mines were in operation throughout
the year, but their activities were curtailed considerably by the present state of the coal
market.
COAL
137
The accident record in 1957 showed an improvement in both frequency and severity.
Ten serious accidents were reported under section 59 of the "'Coal-mines Regulation
Act," of which two were fatal. These were two fatalities less than in 1956 and four fewer
serious accidents. The fatal accidents occurred in the underground operations, one
being at Michel Colliery and the other at Elk River Colliery. Minor accidents resulting
in one or more days absent from work totalled 282, of which 239 occurred underground
and forty-three on the surface. This number was sixty-five less than in 1956. All the
accidents were investigated, and the serious accidents were classified as follows: Five
caused by falls of rock and coal (including one fatal); four involving haulage and
machinery; and one by being struck by flying coal from chute (fatal). Four dangerous
occurrences were also reported and were investigated. They are described more fully in
another part of the report under the heading of" Dangerous Occurrences." No accidents
involving injury to workmen were reported from the stripping operations on Tent
Mountain.
The East Kootenay Mine Safety Association held its thirty-sixth annual mine-rescue
and first-aid competitions at Fernie on June 22nd, and they were very well attended. Six
teams from Fernie, Michel, and Kimberley entered the mine-rescue competition, and the
Department of Mines shield was won by the Kimberley No. 1 team, captained by T. 0.
Bloomer. There were 118 competitors in the first-aid competitions, and the men's firstaid cup and shield were won by the Sullivan Concentrator team from Chapman Camp,
captained by A. Nixon. These two teams also represented the East Kootenay in the
Provincial mine-rescue and first-aid competitions held at Nelson on September 7th.
T. G. Ewart, president, Fernie; Thomas Balmer, vice-president,
305 Great Northern Railway Building, Seattle, Wash.; H. H. GardThe Crow's Nest
Pass Coal Company ner, general manager, Fernie; James Littler, general superintendent, Fernie; W. R. Prentice, secretary, Fernie; R. A. Colleaux,
Limited
treasurer, Fernie. This company has carried out larg~-scale mining operations m the East Kootenay District since 1897. The operations are directed
from a head office at Fernie, and they include the Michel Colliery at Michel and Elk River
Colliery at Coal Creek. Most of the production is sold on the industrial market, and
a large amount is utilized for briquetting and the making of coke. The operations include
both underground and open-cast mining, of which a short description follows.
MICHEL CoLLIERY.-(49" 114" N.W.) William Chapman, manager; Irving Morgan, senior overman; Walter McKay, safety supervisor. This colliery is situated at
Michel, on the Crowsnest branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway, 24 miles east of
Fernie. It is the oldest and largest operation in the district, and includes underground
workings on both sides of Michel valley and a stripping operation on Baldy Mountain,
near Michel. Modern briquette and by-product plants are located on the colliery-site.
Six mines were in operation in 1957, including the strip mine, and most of the production
was obtained from those located in the "A" and" B" seams. Four of the mines have
been developed from a pair of rock tunnels which have been driven into the synclinal
measures on the south side of the valley. They operate on both limbs of the syncline
and arc named according to the seam worked and the direction of development. The
method of working, in general, is by the room-and-pillar system, and the pillars are
extracted on the retreat. The colliery is highly mechanized, and the chief motive power·
in use underground is compressed air. Most of the haulage on the main roadways is
carried out by compressed-air locomotives. Electricity is used to drive belts at some of
the mines. Haulage at "A" North mine is by diesel and battery locomotives. The output
from all the mines is brought to a large preparation plant on the colliery-site, where it
is cleaned and treated for the market.
The underground operations are under the direct supervision of six overmen and
twenty-five firebosses.
8
138
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
"A" East Mine.-William Gregory, overman; Frank .McVeigh, Harry Sanders,
David Thewlis, Sr., Frederick Nash, Gordon Murdoch, Robert Woods, and Thomas
Taylor, firebosses. This mine is in the "A" scam and has been developed to the left side
of the main rock tunnels, on the eastern limb of the Michel syncline. The scam is 10 to
12 feet thick and dips at an average of 20 degrees in a southwesterly direction. The coal
is of good quality and is friable and gassy; the roof is weak and requires careful attention
for its support, and the pillars are extracted on the retreat.
During development the coal in the rooms is cut by compressed-air coal-cutters or
is blasted from the solid with millisecond delay detonators and is loaded by duckbill
conveyors. The rooms are connected by crosscuts or splits which later form shortwall
faces, and the pillars are usually extracted by pneumatic picks. The coal from the pillars
is loaded by hand on to shaker or belt ~:onveyors and transferred to various loading points
in the rooms or levels by other conveyors. From these loading points the coal is hat;led
in trips of cars by compressed-air hoists.
Most of the production in 1957 came from two slope sections o( workings known
as the No. I and No. 3 Slope districts, and the remainder came from a small panel of
pillars left above the main east level. The average daily production was 600 tons with
a crew of 123 men. No. 3 Slope district is located at the inner section of the mine.
It has been in operation for many years and is rapidly nearing depletion, with only the
pillars left alongside the slopes to be worked. No. I Slope district is located outby the
No. 3 slope and is at present being developed preparatory to completion of the other
district, with some pillar extraction having already taken place. The main slopes in this
district have been driven to the base of the syncline, and rooms have been developed on
both limbs of the syncline. The conditions in general were found to be satisfactory
during the course of inspections, but considerable difficulties have been experienced due
to excessive roof pressures in the lower part of the district. These have resulted in ~.:on­
siderable breakage of the timber supports and in restricted clearances on the roadways
in that part of the district. Difficulties were experienced on some occasions with the
ventilation at the lower section of the No. 3 Slope district; these were later rectified.
The mine is ventilated by an electrically driven aerodyne fan which delivers 90,00J
cubic feet of air per minute to the workings at a 5.6-inch water-gauge. This quantity
was found to be sufficient for the requirements of the mine.
"A" West Mine.-Harry Corrigan, overman; James Walsh, Reginald Taylor, Robert Taylor, John Mcinnis, Stanley Memluk, William Cytko, Thomas Krall, Richard
Hughes, Roger Pasiaud, and Paul Kwmir, firebosses. This mine has been developed in
the ''A" seam on the eastern limb of the Michel syncline similar to the "A" East mine,
but is on the right side of the tunnels. All the present \vorkings are toward the outcrop.
The seam is of good quality, ranging from 12 to 28 feet in thickness, and dipping 20 ·to
35 degrees in a westerly direction. It is worked on the room-and-pillar system, and the
layout is so arranged that most of the extraction is obtained along the strike of the seam.
The pillars are extracted on the retreat, and, in the upper section of the workings where
the coal is 28 feet thick, the pillars are extracted by the caving system.
The mine is the largest producer at the colliery and averaged 900 tons per day in
1957 with a crew of !50 men. Most of the production was obtained from the workings
in the upper section of the mine, where the pillars arc extracted by the caving system.
The roadways in this area are driven along the footwall of the seam and the top coal is
supported by timber sets. All the rooms are driven along the strike of the seam, at
45-foot centres, and the coal is mined by shortwall coal-cutters and then blasted. In the
faces of the working-places advancing to the rise the coal is blasted from the solid hy the
use of millisecond delay detonators. During extraction of pillars the timber supports on
the roadways arc withdrawn and the top coal is allowed to fall or is blasted into the
roadways. The loading operations in the rooms during pillar extraction are carried out
by duckbill-equipped conveyors which are provided with extension pans to prevent the
COAL
139
workmen from being exposed under the caved area. The coal from the faces is transferred by a series of shaker, chain, and belt conveyors to a central loading point on the
main west level at the bottom of No. 4 incline. All production from the mine is loaded
into cars at this point, and large trips arc taken from the mine by compressed-air locomo-
tives via the rock tunnel to the preparation plant. Most of the equipment in the mine at
present is operated by electricity. but all the equipment in the near vicinity of the faces is
operated by compressed air.
The mine is ventilated by an electrically driven axivane fan which delivers 85,000
cubic feet of air per minute at a 3.5-inch water-gauge. This quantity was found to be
sufficient for the needs of the mine, and no trace of gas was found in the workings during
the course of inspections. Other conditions in genera] were also found to be satisfac-
tory. A close check was maintained on the sealed area in the No. 3 left beltroad section
where a gob fire occurred in I 956, and monthly samples of the air inside the seals indicated that the fire was inactive.
Upper "A" South Mine.-Vans H. Hulbert, overman. This operation is on the
west or Sparwood limb of the Michel syncline and is driven from the right side of the
main rock tunnel. The operation was commenced in October, 1956, and to the end of
1957 has comprised the driving of two inclines in No. 1 seam for later entry into a virgin
area of "A" seam coal located between the abandoned "A" South mine workings and
the outcrop. The seams are 175 feet apart and the two inclines are being driven in the
lower seam~ with the intention of entering the top seam at a later date by means of rock
raises.
The coal in No. 1 seam is I 2 to I 5 feet thick and pitches at an angle of 35 to 40
degrees. Both inclines are driven up the full pitch of the seam, and the roof is supported
by timber sets, the collars of the sets on the main incline being further supported by
roof bolts. The coal at the faces is blasted from the solid with millisecond delay detonators and is transported to a central loading point on the level at the bottom of No. 1
incline by chutes and conveyors. At this point it is loaded into cars and taken from the
mine by compressed-air locomotives.
Operations in I 957 were confined to a single shift with a crew of twenty-four men,
activity being concerned chiefly with driving the two inclines. The 650-ton-capacity
underground coal-bin mentioned in the 1956 Annual Report was completed but to date
has not been put to use. The inclines were driven 350 feet in the coal of No. I seam,
making a total of I ,200 feet, beyond which they have been continued as rock raises
toward the upper seam. The raises are I 0 by 8 feet and 8 by 6 feet, and by the end of
December had been driven 250 feet at an angle of 43 degrees. Both raises are supported
by posts and roof bolts, and the conditions in general were found to be satisfactory.
The mine is ventilated by the old No. 3 seam fan, which also ventilates the "A"
West mine workings. This system was found to be satisfactory to meet the requirements
of the workings during the present stage of development. Electricity was introduced into
the mine in 1956 and is used to operate most of the equipment.
"A " North Minc.-John Whittaker, overman; Sidney Hughes, Henry Eberts,
Ronald Saad, Thomas Slce, and Joseph Fortunasso. firebosses. This mine is operated in
the "A" seam, on the north side of the Michel valley, approximately half a mile east of
the preparation plant. It is being developed by a modified room-and-pillar system, and
it is the intention to extract the pillars during both the advance and retreat. The mine is
entered by four main levels which have been driven along the strike of the seam from the
outcrop. Two inclines have been driven to the rise from the levels in order to develop a
large area of coal above the levels. The seam is 12 feet thick where normal but is very
irregular; it dips 15 to 20 degrees in a southerly direction. The coal is of good quality
and at most of the working-places is mined hy pneumatic picks or is blasted from the
solid with millisecond delay detonators. It is usually loaded by hand on to shaker or
chain conveyors and transported to various loading points on the levels, where it is loaded
140
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
into 10-ton-capacity bottom-dumping cars and taken from the mine by battery or diesel
locomotives. Two of the main levels are highly mechanized, one being advanced by a
new type of continuous miner, which is being tested, and the other by a coal-cutter and
mechanical loader.
During 1957 the average daily production from the mine was 300 tons of coal with
a crew of fifty-two men. The chief activity was the advancement of the main levels, but
this was considerably hampered by thinning of the scam at various points and by the
presence of several small faults. These conditions involved ripping the roof or floor in
order to maintain sufficient height on the roadways. Two of the main levels were driven
1,100 feet during the year, and the faces are now over 5,000 feet from the portal of the
mine. The other two levels are not so far advanced, one having been commenced in 1955
to provide access to the mine from the steel bridge that was built across the valley in that
year. This level will eventually become the main haulage roadway, through which the
production of the mine will be hauled via the steel bridge to the preparation plant. Most
of the equipment in the mine is operated by electricity and is of the permissible type.
Compressed air, which is chiefly used for operating the pneumatic picks, is supplied by
two portable electric compressors located inside the mine on the main intake airway.
The conditions in general in 1957 were found to be satisfactory during the course of
inspections. The mine was ventilated by a small centrifugal fan which delivered 30,000
cubic feet of air per minute but was replaced with a larger fan of axivane type driven by
a I GO-horsepower electric motor. This fan delivers 90,000 cubic feet of air per minute
at a 1.5-inch water-gauge.
"B" South Mine.-William Davey, overman; John Krall, Henry Batchelor, and
Robert Dora tty, firebosses. This mine is operated in the "B" seam, on the western limb
of the Michel syncline, and has been developed to the left side of the main rock tunnels.
This seam is 5 1/2 feet thick, dips 30 degrees in an easterly direction, and is overlain by a
strong sandstone roof. The coal is of excellent quality, friable, and gassy. It is mined by
pneumatic picks, and no shot-firing operations are allowed. The workings are developed
by the room-and-pillar system, and the pillars are extracted on the retreat.
The mine has been in operation for many years and for a long period was the largest
operation at the colliery. It is now considerably reduced in size, however, and most of
the work in 1957 was confined to a restricted area of workings known as the No. 3 Slope
district. This district is inby the old No. 1 Slope district, and is entered by two slopes
driven across the pitch to the east side of the main south level. Most of the workings are
on the south side of the slope, where rooms have been driven along the strike of the seam
and the pillars are later extracted by a modified shortwall system between the rooms. The
extraction of pillars above the No. 5 room has been completed, and all production from
this section of the mine in 1957 was obtained from the workings below this room.
Extraction of pillars was also continued from a few scattered points above and below
the main south level, where a small amount of coal had been left from former workings.
The coal from all the working-places is hand-loaded on to shaker, chain, or belt conveyors, and is transferred to various loading points, and taken from the mine by compressed-air locomotive. All the equipment at the mine is operated by compressed air,
with the exception of two pumps in the No. 3 Slope that are operated by electricity.
Production of coal in 1957 was 500 tons per day with a crew of eighty men. Conditions in general were found to be fairly good during the course of inspections, but
considerable difficulty was experienced in maintaining sufficient height on the roadways
following extensive pillar extraction. Some difficulty was experienced at times in directing a sufficient quantity of air to the faces of the pillar extractions in the No. 3 Slope
district owing to the large extent of the gob areas. This was usually overcome by installing
small auxiliary fans to boost the ventilation to the faces or by rearranging the brattice
partitions to direct the air nearer to the working-places.
COAL
141
The mine is ventilated by an axivane fan which delivers 7 4,000 cubic feet of air
per minute to the workings at a 4-inch water-gauge. Of this quantity, 47,500 cubic
feet is directed to the slope workings and the remainder to the gob areas in the old
workings situated above the main south level.
In 1957, 97,750 pounds of Monobel No.4, 10,750 pounds of CXL-ite, and 93,370
electric detonators were used at the colliery for coal and rock blasting. Eleven misfired
shots were reported.
Three hundred and seventy-eight tons of limestone dust was used for application
to the roadways at the various mines to minimize the coal-dust hazard and for tamping
shots. Monthly mine-dust samples were taken at all the mines and analysed. All the
samples were above the minimum requirements of incombustible content.
Monthly examinations were made by the miners' inspection committees at all the
mines, and a regular meeting was held at the colliery office each month by the pit safety
committee. All the report books kept at the mines in accordance with the "Coal-mines
Regulation Act " were examined periodically and found to be in order.
Baldy Mountain Strip Mine.1·.-Wi!liam Chapman, manager; C. M. Matson, fore-
man. This stripping operation is on Baldy Mountain, 4 miles east of Michel. Two
pits were operated in 1957, and both operations were carried out by Mannix Limited,
of Calgary, on a contract basis. The pits are known as the No. 2 and No. 3 pits. Access
to both pits is by means of a private road leading up the mountain from Natal.
Most of the production in 1957 was obtained from the No. 3 pit, which is located
at a high elevation on the mountainside above Natal. Operations were commenced in
this pit in 1955, and since that time a large area of overburden has been removed to
expose the coal seam. The overburden has been removed to a ratio of 2 to I, and
has been taken back to a predetermined cut line which provides a slope ranging from
45 to 50 degrees on the wall above the pit. The coal is 45 feet thick and is extracted
in 15-foot lifts along the strike of the scam. The coal is of fairly good quality but some
sections have inferior coking qualities, and difficulties are sometimes experienced because
of a high moisture content. The coal is blasted, loaded into trucks by power-shovels,
and hauled to the preparation plant at Michel, a distance of approximately 5 miles.
No. 2 pit is located a short distance west of the No. 3 pit and at a slightly lower
elevation. The pit has been in intermittent operation for several years, and a description of it is included in past Annual Reports.
The production of the strip mines is governed by the requirements of the market
and the output of the underground mines. In 1957, operations were curtailed to a
single-shift basis for the greater part of the year. Most of the production was from the
No. 3 pit and usually averaged 750 tons per day.
Conditions in general were found to be satisfactory during the course of inspections.
Difficulties were experienced on a few occasions owing to the friable nature of
the wall above the No. 3 pit, but this condition was carefully checked and the wall was
frequently scaled of loose rock.
By-product Plant.-The plant comprises four batteries of Curran-Knowles ovens,
operated on the colliery premises at Michel, and a large number of bee-hive ovens which
are operated only when market requirements exceed the capacity of the other ovens.
A full description of the plant is included in the 1954 Annual Report, and there has
been very little change in the plant since then.
Operations in 1957 were confined to the Curran-Knowles ovens, and the total production of coke was 153,494 tons, a decline of 35,718 tons from 1956. The ovens
were in operation throughout the year, but the output was curtailed by the market.
Periodical inspections were made, and the conditions in general were found to be satis-
factory.
Briquette Plant.-This plant is adjacent to the preparation plant, and a description
of it is included in the 1954 Annual Repcrt. Operations in 1957 were curtailed con-
142
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
siderably and the plant produced only 84,436 tons of briquettes, as compared with a
production of 188,355 tons in 1956. This was due to lack of markets for the briquettes,
and the plant was operated on a single-shift basis for most of the year.
ELK RIVER COLLIERY.-(49" 114° S.W.) James E. Morris, manager; Walter
McKay, safety supervisor. This colliery is at Coal Creek, 4 miles east of Fernie, and
is connected to the Canadian Pacific Railway by a branch line operated by the Morrissey,
Fernie and Michel Railway, a subsidiary company of The Craw's Nest Pass Coal Company Limited. The colliery at present comprises three mines which are operated in two
different seams. Two other mines were in operation for part of 1957, but were abandoned in July owing to the fact that the quality of the coal was unsuitable for the market.
The mines are entered from the outcrops of the seams, and are all on the south side of
the valley.
They are driven from various elevations on the mountainside, but all pro-
duction is brought to the same surface landing and treated at a modern preparation
plant on the colliery-site. A description of the plant is included in the 1954 Annual
Report.
The chief motive power in use at the mines is compressed air, which is supplied by
two electrically drjven compressors at the surface. TransportaHon on the main levels
and entries is by diesel or battery locomotives, but in some instances horses are used.
The combined underground operations are under the direct supervision of three overmen
and fourteen firebosses. A description of the individual mines follows.
No. 1 East Mine.-Arnold Webster, overman; Leonard Brett, Eric Singleton, and
Ronald White, fire bosses. This mine is the oldest operation at the colliery and was once
part of the old Coal Creek Colliery which was closed in 1943. Most of the older workings have been abandoned, and the present operations are confined to a small area of
coal left between the old No. I East mine workings and a barrier pillar of coal left to
isolate the old No. I South mine workings.
The mine is operated in the No. 10 ;earn and has been developed by the room-andpillar system of working, all the pillars being extracted on the retreat. The coal is 12
to 25 feet thick, but only the top 12 feet is extracted. It is of excellent quality and,
being friable, is broken down by pneumatic picks without the aid of shot-tiring. The
broken coal is loaded directly into cars by hand, and the cars are hauled to the various
gathering partings by horses. From these partings they are formed into seven-car trips
and hoisted to the surface via the new portal and lowered to the No. 4 surface landing.
The cars from the landing are taken in large trips to the preparation plant by steam
locomotives.
The mine was in operation throughout the year and averaged 400 tons of coal
daily with a crew of seventy-two men. Conditions in general were found to be fairly
good during the course of inspections, but considerable difficulty was experienced in
some sections of the mine in maintaining sufficient clearance on the roadways owing to
excessive roof pressures brought about by extensive pillar extraction. The ventilation
was also found to be satisfactory in general, but on a few occasions small quantities of
explosive gas were found at the roofs of some of the faces because of defective bratticing.
A careful check was kept on the sealed area in the No. 3 West section where a gob fire
occurred in 1956, and on one occasion some of the seals had to be repaired.
Results
of the analyses of the atmosphere inside the seals indicated that the fire was inactive.
The mine is ventilated by an electrically driven double-inlet Sirocco fan which
delivers 56,000 cubic feet of air per minute to the workings at a 2-inch water-gauge.
This quantity was found to be sufficient for present requirements.
No. 9 Mine.-Daniel Chester, overman; Ralph Lamer, Albert Littler, William
Waller, Henry O'Neil, and Louis Sclippa, firebosses. This mine is in No. 9 seam and
is the largest operation at the colliery and a very important producer. It is entered by
four main levels driven from the outcrop of the
~:earn
at a high elevation on the moun-
tain, and the workings have been developed to both the rise and dip of the levels. It is
COAL
!43
a large mine which has been developed by the room-and-pillar system, but severe geological complications experienced during the past few years have restricted further development. Activities at present are confined to extraction of pillars in both past and present
workings and arc gradually nearing completion. The workings are widely scattered,
and most of the production in 1957 was obtained from No. 1 Slope district, which
entered a portion of the old No. 2 mine workings for the purpose of extracting two large
pillars left in that region.
The coal in No. 9 seam is 9 feet thick where normal, is of excellent quality, and is
overlain by a hard sandstone roof. The coal is mined by pneumatic picks or is blasted
off the solid with millisecond delay detonators. It is loaded on to conveyors by hand
and conveyed to various loading points where it is loaded into cars. In the main section
of the mine, trips of cars are brought to the main level by compressed-air hoists and taken
from the mine by a 1DO-horsepower diesel locomotive. In the No. 1 Slope district,
which is entered by a separate slope driven from the mountainside, the coal is loaded
into 10-ton-capacity bottom-dumping cars and hauled to the surface by a 300-horsepower electric hoist situated outside the mine. The cars are unloaded on a ramp at
the portal of the slope, and the coal is conveyed by a short belt conveyor to a retarding
conveyor near by which transports the entire production of the mine down the mountainside to the preparation plant.
Conditions in general were found to be fairly good during the course of inspectiom
in 1957. Difficulties were experienced in maintaining sufficient clearance on some of
the roadways in the No. 5 Slope district, but this section of the mine was abandoned
during the year owing to depletion of the coal reserves. Considerable subsidence has
taken place on the portion of the main levels inby the No. 5 Slope district due to pillar
extraction, but the operations are rapidly retreating from this area. The average daily
production of coal from the mine in 1957 was 500 tons with a crew of 104 men.
The mine is supplied with two fans, one of which ventilates the main tunnel, or
inner section of the mine, and the other ventilates the No. 1 Slope section. Both the
fans in 1957 were replaced with others of greater capacity. The main tunnel section
is now ventilated by a Sirocco double-inlet fan which delivers 45,000 cubic feet of air
per minute at a 0.8-inch water-gauge, and the No. 1 Slope section is ventilated by an
axivane fan delivering 96,000 cubic feet of air per minute at a 3.9-inch water-gauge.
Both these quantities were found to be sufficient to meet requirements.
No. I Mine.-James Anderson, overman; William Verkerk, Michael Tymchuk,
and Brindley Morris, firebosscs. This mine is operated in No. 10 seam, and the workings are adjacent to the old abandoned dip workings in No. I East mine, which is operated in the same seam. The mine is in the initial stage of development, and work has
centred on the advancement of four main slopes down the pitch of the seam. Other
activity has been the development of a small section of workings to the south of the
main slopes.
Conditions in general were found to be fairly good during 1957. Most of the
working-places operated on a three-shift hasis, and the mine averaged a daily production of 250 tons of coal with a crew of forty-five men. The coal is usually blasted from
the solid by the use of millisecond delay detonators and is loaded into conveyors for
transportation to various loading points. The coal is loaded into cars at these points,
and seven-car trips are formed and hoisted to the surface by a compressed-air hoist.
The mine is ventilated by a 5-horsepower auxiliary fan which delivers 7,500 cubic
feet of air per minute to the working-places by means of metal tubing. A small part of
the workings is also ventilated by the No. 1 East mine fan. These two systems of ventilation have been found to be sufficient for present requirements, but preparations have
already been made for increasing the ventHation when necessary. A rock raise has
been driven from the No. 4 slope to the surface to become the main return airway, and
144
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
a double-inlet Sirocco fan has been installed at the fan drift bu1 has not yet been put
to use.
No. 3 and No. 4 Mines.-James E. Anderson, overman. Operations at these two
mines were suspended in July, 1958, because the quality of the coal was not suitable
for the present market. Since that time, work has consisted of dismantling and removing equipment, and when finished both mines will be sealed. A description of the workings of both the mines is included in the 1956 Annual Report.
During 1957, 8,369 pounds of Monobel No.4, 973 pounds of CXL-ite, and 11,598
electric detonators were used at the mines of the colliery for rock and coal blasting. No
misfired shots were reported.
To neutralize the coal dust, 107 tons of limestone dust was applied to the underground roadways of the mines and used in shot-firing. Monthly mine-dust samples were
collected from all the mines and analysed. All the samples were above the minimum
requirements of incombustible dust.
Monthly inspections were made at all the mines by the miners' inspection committee, and a copy of each inspection report was forwarded to the office of the District
Inspector through the courtesy of the committee members. Meetings were held at the
colliery office each month by the pit safety committees. All the report books kept at
the various mines in accordance with the " Coal-mines Regulation Act " were examined
regularly and found to be in order.
( 49° I I 4 o N.W.) D. B. Young, general manager, Coleman, Alta.;
Coleman Collieries J. C. Shearer, strip-mine manager. This company has directed
Limited
large-scale coal stripping operations on the interprovincial boundary at Tent Mountain, near Corbin, for many years. Most of the
property is in the Province of Alberta, but where the coal scams extend into British
Columbia, arrangements have been made by the company to extend their operations
into this Province. Access to the property is by means of a private road leading from
the No. 3 highway near Crowsnest to the top of the mountain, a distance of 8 miles.
Several seams have been worked across the border, but activity in 1957 was confined to
the No. 2 pit, half the operation being in each Province.
The coal in No. 2 pit is in a synclinal basin and in places is over 100 feet thick.
It is of fairly good quality, although some parts are very inferior. All the overburden
has been removed, and the coal is loaded with power-shovels and is transported in
I S-tan-capacity trucks to the company's preparation plant at Coleman.
Conditions in general were found to be fairly good during the course of inspections
in 1957, with the exception of a premature blast which occurred during blasting •Jperations early in the year. This is reported under "Dangerous Occurrences."
(50" 114" S.W.) The Utah Company of the Americas carried
out a geological survey for a few weeks as part of the exploration
programme that was started in 1956. Activity centred chiefly :ln
the vicinity of Smith Creek. In November a few small samples
of coal were obtained from three of the prospect tunnels driven in 1956 on Todhunter
Ridge.
NORTHERN INSPECTION DISTRICT
Fording River
Area
By A. R. C. James
The coal mines of the Northern District produced a total of 8,149 tons of coal in
1957, a decrease of 4,862 tons or 37 per cent from the 1956 output. The decrease was
mainly in the production from Bulkley Valley Collieries Limited; with only a local
domestic market available to it, the operations of this company are now restricted to
the winter season only.
COAL
145
Two small mines continued in operation in the Hudson Hope area of the Peace
River district on a seasonal basis. Production from these mines also declined in 1957.
No accidents or dangerous occurrences were reported from the coal mines of this
district during 1957.
TELKWA (54° 127" N.E.)
Company office, Telkwa. F. M. Dockrill, president; F. Bond and
L. Gething, firebosses. This is a private company mining coal on
a royalty basis on property comprising six Crown-granted lots,
Nos. 388 to 392 and No. 401. The property is on Goat Creek, a
tributary of the Telkwa River, about 7 miles southeast of Telkwa. The mine is connected by a good road with the Canadian National Railway and Highway No. 16 at
Telkwa.
Total production in 1957 was 4,991 tons, a very substantial decrease from the
previous year's output. The mine was closed from April 1st to September !st. At the
time of inspection in October, a crew of nineteen men was employed. Operations were
confined to the No. 4 mine, which has been described fully in previous Annual Reports.
Pillars of coal previously blocked out to the cast of the levels were mined on a retreating system.
The coal is screened with a Tyler Tyrock three-deck vibrating screen. Four sizes
of coal are produced for sale; namely, lump, egg, nut, and stoker. The bunker capacity
is 230 tons and comprises five bins.
Conditions in the mine were usually found satisfactory in the course of inspections.
No accidents were reported. No methane was detected during inspections. The mine
is ventilated by a 30-inch Sirocco axial-flow fan which circulates approximately 10,000
cubic feet of air per minute.
Bulkley Valley
Collieries Limited
PEACE RIVER (56' 122' S.E.)
Quentin F. (King) Gething, operator and fireboss. This property
is on Lot I 039, on the southeastern slope of Portage Mountain;
it is 12 miles by road from Hudson Hope and 72 miles from Fort
St. John. The mine was described in detail in the 1954 Annual
Report. In 1957 it operated continuously in the six fall and winter months and intermittently in the spring and summer. Mining has been confined to the upper level, which
has now been driven 700 feet from the portal. A series of 20-foot rooms have been
set off from the level at 50-foot centres and have been driven up dip. In 1957 two rooms
were worked, and total development work done in the year was about 200 feet. One of
the rooms was driven through to surface, providing an additional airway and means of
exit. Total production was 1,858 tons. In October a crew of three men was employed.
Conditions were usually found to be satisfactory in the course of inspections. No
methane was detected. No accidents were reported.
King Gething
Mines
Company office, Fort St. John. E. B. Summer, operator and fireboss. This property is at about 2,600 feet elevation on the steep
southern end of a spur of Butler Ridge, 1 mile north of the Peace
River. It is 23 miles by road from Hudson Hope and 83 miles from Fort St. John. The
seam at present being worked is 4 feet thick and dips at 46 degrees west. Both roof and
floor of the seam are a silty shale.
The mine has been developed from two parallel adit levels driven north along the
strike of the seam from the outcrop. The lower level is the main haulage level, and the
upper level, until it was abandoned in March, 1956, provided a return airway and second
exit. The face of the lower level is now 1,257 feet in from the portal.
Reschke Coal Ltd.
9
146
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
The coal is mined from a series of 30-foot-wide rooms set off from the lower level
at 50-foot centres and driven up the full dip of the seam, Pillars of coal 15 feet wide are
left between the rooms to support the roof. Nineteen rooms were driven through to the
upper level, 330 feet up dip. In 1956, No. 20 room was driven 825 feet up dip to the
surface and now forms the return airway and second exit. In 1957 mining was continued
in Nos. 23 and 24 rooms.
The coal is blasted off the solid, using millisecond delay detonators, and is transported by gravity chutes into cars on the main level. In 1957 the mine was shut down
on March 14th and reopened on September 23rd. Total production was 1,300 tons.
In October a crew of five men was employed. Conditions were usually found to be satisfactory in the course of inspections, and no methane was detected. No accidents were
reported.
Inspection of Electrical Equipment and Installations at
Mines, Quarries, and Well Drilling Rigs
By L. Wardman, Electrical Inspector of Mines
ELECTRIC POWER
In 1957 electric power was used by forty-two mining companies in operations at
thirty concentrators, thirty-seven lode mines, two placer mines, two non-metallic mineral
mines, five collieries, three coal-cleaning plants, and one coking plant. Electric power
was also used at six quarries for loading, crushing, separating, and conveying materials.
Forty-six drilling rigs using electric power for lighting and driving motors were used in
drilling operations at 115 wells. Ninety-six of these wells were completed.
LODE-METAL MINES
In 1957 operations at seven mines were terminated either permanently or indefinitely. Operations at six other mines were intermittent. Five mills were built and put
into operation.
The kva. generating capacity of privately owned plants which were operated in
1957 was as follows:Generator Kva.
Prime Mover
Capacity
Steam turbines
Diesel engines
Water-wheels
19,300
14,120
13,220
Total
46,640
The electric power produced by these plants was approximately 92,649,023 kilowatt-hours during 1957. The figures are approximate because many of the small power
plants are not equipped with recording meters and, therefore, the power generated by
these plants was estimated. The power purchased from public utilities and from the
generating division of The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada,
Limited, amounted to 211,278,668 kilowatt-hours. The total amount of power used
in the Province for mining and concentrating purposes was 303,927,691 kilowatt-hours.
Approximately 8,920 horsepower was produced by diesel engines, water-wheels,
and gas engines for direct-driven equipment such as air compressors. The power was
produced as follows:Horsepower
Prime Mover
Diesel engines
Water-wheels
Gasoline engines _
6,205
1,750
965
Total
8,920
The connected load of lode mines and concentrators which operated in 1957 shows
an increase of 6,573 horsepower over that recorded for 1956. This increase was due
to the building of five concentrators and the installation of equipment for development
operations at one property. It more than offsets the connected load lost by the closingdown of two concentrators and three small properties at the end of 1956. A general
breakdown of the connected load for those properties which operated in 1957 is as
follows:147
148
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
Equipment
Horsepower
Hoists ____ _
Scraper hoists
Ventilating fans _
Pumps_
Rectifiers and M.G. sets _
7,187
6,921
4,745
5,144
9,060
18,808
9,976
1,265
47,563
2,833
11,715
Air compressors _
Crushing equipment _
Sink float _
Milling and concentrating equipment
Workshop ___
_________ _
Miscellaneous _
125,217
Total
On surface and underground haulage systems there were in use 141 battery locomotives, 106 trolley locomotives, and 13 diesel locomotives.
PLACER MINES
Electric power was used at two placer mmes.
follows:-
The generating capacity was as
Kva.
110
600
Diesel-engine-driven generators _
Hydro-electric
Total __ _
The connected load was as follows:Shaft hoists
Ventilating fans _
710
Horsepower
40
5
75
20
5
Air compressors _
Screening equipment _
Miscellaneous
145
Total
NoN-METALLIC MINES AND QuARRIES
Electric power was used at two non-metallic mines, one non-metallic mill, and six
quarries.
COAL MINES
One colliery did not operate in 1957, thus reducing the number of collieries using
electric power to five.
The distribution of electric power was as follows:SurfaceCompressed air _
Ventilation
Hoisting
Haulage
Coal washing and screening _
Pumping
Briquetting _
Coke production _
Miscellaneous __
Total
Horsepower
5,595
1,090
1,075
317
3,284
515
642
1,180
722
14,420
!49
INSPECTION OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
UndergroundVentilation
Hoisting
Haulage
Pumping_
Coal-cutters ....... ----··
Conveyors
Compressed air .. __
Miscellaneous
Horsepower
200
24
76
80
303
100
565
14
1,362
Total
15,782
Total for surface and underground
Four permissible battery locomotives and three permissible diesel locomotives were
in use underground.
WELL DRILLING RIGS
Twenty-two drilling rigs were operated in 1957. One hundred and eighteen wells
were operated during the year; of these, forty-two were gas wells, twelve were oil wells,
and eighteen were drilling at the end of the year.
An outline of the electrical equipment normally used on drilling rigs is given in
the 1955 Annual Report.
ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS
LODE MINES
In 1957 operations at the following mines were terminated for an indefinite period:
Tulsequah Mines, Limited, Copper Mountain, Mother Lode, Velvet, I.X.L. and O.K.,
Silver Giant, A.M., and Iron HilL
Operations at the following mines were suspended at the end of 1956 and were not
recommenced in 1957: Silver Hill, Iron Mask, Midnight, and Ken ville Base Metals
concentrator.
Tl1e following is a brief outline of electrical installations which were made at
operating mines in 1957.
UNUK RIVER
(56° 130' S.E.) A No.8 A.W.G. armoured cable was installed
Granduc (Granduc along the 3250 level from the portal to the shaft and down the
Mines, Limited) shaft to the 2625 shaft station where three 50-kva. 2,300--440volt single-phase 60-cycle transformers were installed. Two
Ingersoll-Rand 2-stage pumps driven by two 75-horsepower 440-volt motors were
installed on the 2625 leveL A 19-inch fan was also installed on this leveL One
Ingersoll-Rand 2-stage pump driven by a 25-horsepower motor was installed on the
2950 level and a similar installation was made on the 2800 level.
In the portal power-house a 350-kw. 2,300-volt D-397 Caterpillar diesel-electric
unit was installed and also a Joy Sullivan 11 Y-i- by 7- by 7-inch compressor driven by
a 125-horsepower squirrel-cage motor.
HAZEL TO)\;
Silver Standard Mines Limited.-(55° 127° S.W.) The hoist motor and the
mine ventilating fans were removed from the mine. An electrically driven abrasive
cut-off wheel and bit grinder was installed in the shop.
!50
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
SMITHERS
Duthie (Sii-Van Mines Limited).-(54" 127" N.E.) A diesel-driven air compressor, a diesel-driven electric generator, and a battery locomotive were operated while
a small programme of development and diamond drilling was in progress.
LlLLOOET
Bridge River (50° 122" N.W.)
Three 100-kva. 4,600-440-volt transformers were installed on
Bralorne (Bralorne the 31 00 level of the Queen shaft. A 7 5-horsepower sinking-hoist
Mines Limited)
was installed on the 3200 level of the Queen shaft. Two 48-inch
fans were installed-one on the 3100 level and one on the 3200
level. Two pumps driven by 50-horsepower motors were also installed in the Queen
shaft.
A new concrete-tile main substation building was built on the old
main substation site. New switchgear will be installed with the
Gold Mines of
transformers from the old substation. The Hummer screen in the
B.C. Limited)
crushing plant was replaced with a Symons rod deck screen.
New refrigeration equipment was installed in the cook-house, and
the 440-volt service was rebuilt to take care of the load. Electric immersion heaters, of
50-kw. total capacity, were installed in the inlets of No. I and No. 2 pipe-lines at the
Hurley River dam, replacing the wood-fired steam plant.
An unusual occurrence was investigated in November. lt was reported that electric
shocks were received from time to time from the cages and shaft timbers in the mine.
It was found that the neutral conductor of the 1 I 0-volt lighting and signal systems in
both shafts had been grounded at several stations, allowing the neutral current to divide
between the neutral conductor and other conductive materials (water pipes, shaft cables,
etc.). A high-resistance connection in the neutral conductor in one of the shafts increased
the amount of current leaving the neutral conductor. The difference in potential between
various conductive materials in the shaft was as high as 10 volts. Ten volts is sufficient
to give a mild shock to anyone contacting it with wet hands. To prevent such occurrences,
the neutral conductors of electrical systems in a mine should be grounded only at the
source of supply.
Pioneer (Pioneer
COPPER MouNTAIN
Copper Mountain (The Granby Consolidated Mining Smelting and Power Company Limited).-( 49" I 20' S.W.) Operations at this property were terminated on
May 1st, 1957. In this period of operation a 25-horscpowcr pumping unit, a 7V2-horsepower pumping unit, and a 240-horsepower synchronous condenser were installed. Since
May 1st all power-lines and electrical equipment have been dismantled at Copper Mountain, and some of the equipment has been reconditioned and transferred to other
properties.
HEDLEY
French Mine (The Cariboo Gold Quartz Mining Company Limited).-( 49° 120'
S.E.) A mill was built on the property and put into operation. The connected load for
this mill is as follows:Horsepower
Crushing plant
Milling equipment _
Miscellaneous
Total
Power is purchased from the West Kootenay Power Company.
23
165
10
198
INSPECTION OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
151
BEAVERDELL
Highland-Bell (Highland-Bell Limited).-(49° 119° S.E.) The 25-horsepower
motor on the mine ventilating fan was replaced with a 40-horsepower motor. The fused
lighting panels in the mill were replaced with a circuit-breaker panel. A 22-inch Symons
cone crusher driven by a 25-horsepower motor was installed in the crushing plant.
PHOENIX
(49° 118° S.W.) A dry, an office and engineering building, a
Phoenix Copper machine-shop, a carpenter's shop, a core-shed, and a compressorCompany Limited room have been built and wired. A main 2,200-volt switchroom
containing four cubicled switches was built to supply 2,200-volt
power to the mill, the crusher, the 2,200-440-volt transformers supplying the compressor
motors, and the pumping equipment. A 2,200-440-volt transformer-station was built to
provide 440-volt power for the compressor and the machine-shop. A switchroom for
the 2,200-volt crusher switchgear is under construction. Overhead distribution-lines
have been built for the camp and pumping-station.
SALMO
( 49° 117° S.E.) Three underground substations which had been
taken out of service were refitted and returned to service. A new
and Dodger (Cana- underground substation consisting of a 200-kva. transformer and
dian Exploration switchgear was installed to supply slushers and fans in the Jersey
Limited)
4200 mine. Two undeq,'found substations have been dismantled.
A substation was set up during exploratory operations at the Invincible mine but was removed when these operations were terminated. A permanent
pumping system was installed in the Emerald shaft. An inclined conveyor 350 feet long
was installed between the shaft dumping point and the tungsten ore-bin at the underground crushing plant. A fan driven by a 60-horsepower motor was added to the mine
ventilating system. Six more slusher units, mostly of 20-horsepower capacity, were put
into service. A 5-ton battery locomotive was converted to diesel-electric.
Jersey, Emerald,
( 49' 117° S.E.) A distribution centre was installed on the 3200
level to supply six slushers. A 500,000-c.m. armoured cable supplies this station from the underground transformer-station. Two
slushers driven by 60-horsepower motors and a 5-kva. lighting
transformer were installed underground. In the concentrator a
regrind ball mill driven by a 125-horsepower wound-rotor motor
was installed. A Wilfiey pump driven by a IS-horsepower motor
was installed to pump the reground pulp. A 400-ampere Airco welder was installed in
the machine-shop.
H. B. (The
Consolidated
Mining and Smelting Company of
Canada, Limited)
NELWAY
( 49° 117' S.E.) The 2,300-volt 4/0 A.W.G. overhead cables to
Reeves MacDonald the mill were replaced with 250,000-c.m. cables. In the mill two
Mines Limited
S.R.L. pumps driven by 3-horsepower motors were installed. A
7\/;,-horsepower motor was installed on the conditioner. In the
crushing plant the 400-ampere fused disconnect was replaced with an air circuit-breaker.
A new 220-volt 4-wire service was also installed. A I 00-kva. substation was built at the
mine to serve the B.L. slusher drift.
!52
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
NORTH KOOTENAY LAKE
Riondel (49' 116° N.W.)
Bluebell
(The Consolidated
Mining and Smelting Company of
Canada, Limited)
The new mine ventilating system was completed with the installation of three 50,000-c.f.m. 48-inch Aerofoil fans driven by 60horsepower motors. The new 6,900-volt transmission-line mentioned in the 1956 report was completed, and a transformer-station
consisting of three 150-kva. 6,900-550-volt single-phase transformers was built to supply the fan motors and the dock installations. On completion of this installation the 50,000-c.f.m. 40-
horsepower Jeffrey fan was transferred to standby service.
To handle the increased inflow of mine water, two 500-imperial-gallons-per-minute
pumps driven by two !50-horsepower motors were installed, bringing the number of
pumps on the 525 level to six. Three 300-imperial-gallons-per-minute pumps driven by
40-horsepower motors were installed on the 675 level, bringing the number of pumps
there to five. Two 200-imperial-gallons-per-minute pumps driven by ?-horsepower motors
have been temporarily installed on the 825 level until the main pump is installed. The
Bluebell shaft pumping-stations were reorganized. On the 300 level three 300-imperialgallons-per-minute pumps driven by 40-horsepower motors and one 400-imperial-gallonsper-minute pump driven by a 50-horsepower motor are in use. On the 375 level three
400-imperial-gallons-per-minute pumps driven by 20-horsepower motors are in usc.
Both these stations operate automatically.
A Titan battery locomotive was added to the haulage equipment.
A desliming plant for desliming mill tailings for underground backfill was installed
in the mill. This plant consists of 3- by 12-inch dorrclones, three 5- by 4-inch SRL-C
solids pumps each driven by a 20-horsepower motor, one 3- by 3-inch SRL-C solids
pump driven by a 10-horsepower motor, and a booster pump driven by a 5-horsepower
motor.
Ainsworth (49° 116° N.W.)
Highlander (Yale Lead & Zinc Mines limited).-Mine ventilation was increased
by the installation of a fan driven by a 25-horsepower motor.
Kootenay Florence (Western Mines Limited).-The air compressors, shop equipment, and mine pumps were used from April 1st to September 6th while diamond drilling
was in progress.
PADDY PEAK
(49° 117" N.E.) The mill which was at the Silver Hill mine was
Utica (Lajo Mines moved to the Utica property and rebuilt as it was originally built
limited)
at the Kootenay King property. The diesel plant is 178 horsepower, and the connected load is as follows: Crushing plant, 34
horsepower; mill, 111 horsepower; and miscellaneous, 8 horsepower. Further details
may be obtained from the 1951 Annual Report on the Kootenay King property.
SLOCAN LAKE
( 49° 117' N.E.)
Arrangements have been made to build a sub-
Western
station for connection to the British Columbia Power Commission
Exploration
Company
Limited
power-lines. The substation will consist of three 100-kva. 6,900440-volt transformers. The high-tension side of these transformers
will be connected star to the 12,000-volt Power Commission powerline. The low-tension side will be connected delta to provide 440-
INSPECTION OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
153
volt power for the mill. A system of interlocked switches will prevent the use of Western
Exploration power when the British Columbia Power Commission power is in use and
vice versa.
NORTH LARDEAU
Spider (Sunshine Lardeau Mines Limitedl.-(500 117' N.W.) A 11;2-ton battery locomotive and a diesel-driven battery charging unit were installed at the mine.
KIMBERLEY
(49° 115' N.W.) Electrical installations at the mine consisted of
the following: A new electrical service and lighting panel for the
tractor repair-shop and a new extension, a new electrical service
and wiring in McDougal Hall, additional lights in the machine-shop,
and new lights and standards along the mine road. Two 75-horsepower pumps were installed in the basement of the old compressor
plant to supply fresh water to underground. Eight electric slusher
hoists were purchased and installed underground.
New electrical installations at the mill consisted of the following: A 100-ton pilot
test mill; a !DO-horsepower auxiliary motor and drive installed on the rod mill for
spotting when changing liner plates; and miscellaneous small installations add 425
horsepower to the mill connected load. The float -disposal system was extended 200 feet.
The polarity of the 3700 haulage system was changed to negative trolley to correspond
with the mine system, and I mile of welded track was replaced with track having expansion joints and bonds.
Sullivan
(The Consolidated
Mining and Smelting Company of
Canada, Limited)
WINDERMERE
Mineral King (Sheep Creek Mines limited).- (50' 116° S.E.) A 440-volt
power system was installed from the transformer-station along No. 3 level and down the
shaft to serve Nos. 4, 5, 6, and 7 levels. A 50-horsepower hoist was installed on No. 7
level for the new shaft.
HOPE
(49° 121' S.W.) A crushing plant and concentrator were built
and put into operation at the beginning of January, 1958. The
main units in the crushing plant are a 24- by 36-inch Traylor jaw
crusher and a 4-foot Symons cone crusher. The main units in the
concentrator are three 7- by 10-foot ball mills, two classifiers,
twenty-two flotation cells, pumps, thickeners, and filters. The connected load for the
crushing plant is 252 horsepower and for the concentrator is 1,152 horsepower.
Two main transformer-stations were installed and are fed from a line which branches
off the 12,000-volt B.C. Electric power-line at Choate. One of these stations, consisting
of three 1,250-kva. 12,000-2,300-volt transformers, supplies the mill and the 2600 level
equipment. The other station, consisting of three 200-kva. 6,900-2,300-volt transformers connected star-delta, will supply on the 3550 level a !GO-horsepower air-cornpressor motor, five 50-horsepower slusher motors, one 15-horsepower slusher, and one
!50-horsepower motor generator set for trolley power. Three 300-kva. 2,300-440-volt
transformers in a vault in the mill supply the 440-volt mill motors. Three I 00-kva.
2,300-440-volt transformers supply the shops, No. I compressor, and the 2600 level
equipment. A Jeffrey vibrating feeder was installed under the coarse-ore bin, and a
Bellis & Morcom compressor driven by a I DO-horsepower motor was installed in the
power-house.
B.C. Nickel
(Western Nickel
limited)
154
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
HowE SouND
(49° 123° N.E.) Two new rod mills driven by two 400-horsepower 400-volt 900-r.p.m. auto-synchronous motors were installed
in the mill. Two 7 1h-horsepower motors, one 3-horsepower motor,
and one ]-horsepower motor were installed to drive conveyors,
screen, and distributors. Lighting circuits damaged by corrosion
were replaced. A 10-ton crane was installed for the primary mill
floor. Six slushers, three driven by 20-horsepower motors and three driven by 30-horsepower motors, were installed underground.
Britannia
(Britannia Mining
and Smelting Co.
Limited)
TEXADA ISLAND
( 49' 124 o N .W.) During the winter the loading-dock was wrecked
Texada Mines Ltd. by a storm and it was necessary to build a new one. This dock
is similar to the old one and provides a connected load of 445
horsepower. This does not include a 250-horsepower scraper installed for moving
concentrates in the stockpile. A conversion to B.C. Electric power was made early in
1958. To effect this change-over, 2 miles of 12,000-volt power-line was built and a
2,250-kva. transformer-station was installed.
VANCOUVER IsLAND
Benson (Elk) Lake (50° 127' S.E.)
A crushing plant, separating plant, and surface tram were built
and put into operation in September. The connected load is as
follows: Crushing plant, 110 horsepower; separating, screening,
and conveying equipment, 245 horsepower; water-pumps, 118
horsepower; tram, 210 horsepower; scraper hoists, 80 horsepower; and workshops and miscellaneous, 70 horsepower.
Power is produced at 460 volts by three 250-kva. 60-cycle 3-phase generators driven
by three D-375 Caterpillar diesel engines.
The tram motor, when lowering ore, produces regenerative power, which is consumed by the crushing and separating plant motors when they are operating. When there
are not sufficient motors operating to consume the extra power, one, two, or three 60-kw.
elements of an electric boiler may be switched on as required to provide load.
Empire Development Company
Limited
Cowichan Lake (48" 124" N.E.)
A concentrator was built during the summer and put into operaBlue Grouse
tion in December. Power is purchased from the British Columbia
(Cowichan Copper Power Commission at 2,300 volts and 440 volts. The crushing
units consist of a 20- by 36-inch jaw crusher and a 3-foot cone
Co. Ltd.)
crusher, which, together with screen and conveyors, make a connected load of 97 horsepower. The main units in the mill are one 6- by 12-foot ball
mill, two 6- by 6-foot ball mills, one classifier, two banks of flotation cells; these, together
with thickener, filter, and pumps, provide a connected load of 525 horsepower.
Jordan River (48" 124" S.E.)
Two air compressors driven by a 125-horsepower synchronous
Sunloch and
motor and a 50-horsepower induction motor provide air for the
Gabbro (Sunro
driving of a 7,500-foot adit. Two 5-horsepower fans provide
Mines Limited) ventilation in the adit. A pump driven by a IS-horsepower motor
was installed to pump water from the river for the drills. B.C.
Electric power is purchased at 2,300 volts and is stepped down to 440 volts by three
100-kva. transformers.
INSPECTION OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
155
PLACER MINES
Atlin Placers Limited on Wright Creek operated briefly in 1957. Noland mine on
Spruce Creek was operated by a Jessee. Hixon Placers Inc. on Hixon Creek was operated. No alterations were made in the electrical equipment at the mines mentioned.
NON-METALLIC MINES
The British Columbia Cement Company's quarry at Blubber Bay was closed.
The Kootenay Granite Products quarry at Sirdar was not operated. The following were
operated but no major changes were made to the electrical installations: British Columbia
Cement quarry, Bamberton; Clayburn-Harbison Limited mine, Kilgard; Columbia Gypsum Co. Ltd. quarry, Windermere.
McDAME
(59" 120" S.W.) A Wheelabrator dust-collecting system was
installed to filter the mill air and return it to the mill. Recirculation of the air will permit the mill to be kept at a higher temperature during cold weather. The connected load of this unit is
211 horsepower. Additions to the screening, collecting, and conveying system, and the addition of a pilot test plant added 125 horsepower to the connected load. Dust-collecting and bagging equipment taken out of service removed 43
horsepower. The increase in mill load amounted to 294 horsepower, making the mill
load 2,048 horsepower.
A 15-horsepower portable welder was added to the tram equipment, increasing the
connected load to 323 horsepower.
Cassiar Asbestos
Corporation
Limited
BLUBBER BAY (49° 124° N.W.)
Gypsum Lime and Alabastine, Canada, Limited.-A transfer from companyproduced power to B.C. Electric power was made early in I 957. The diesel plant was
dismantled to make room for the step-down transformers in the power-house.
COQUITLAM
Gilley Bros. Limited.-( 49" 122" S.W.) A new power-line was built from the
plant to the quarry to supply the electric shovel.
COAL MINES
NANAIMO (49" 123" S.W.)
Union Bay Washery (Canadian Collieries Resources Limited).-A 7\12-horsepower motor and a 5-horsepower motor were installed in the washery to drive equipment
which would facilitate the unloading of Alberta coal into the washery. The lower floor
of the washery was rewired for lighting.
EAsT KooTENAY (49" 114" S.W.)
Michel Colliery
(The Crow's Nest
Pass Coal
Company Limited)
A 900-r.p.rn. fan driven by a 100-horsepower 550-volt 3-phase
induction motor was installed at "A" North mine for ventilation of
the mine. Four I DO-horsepower 900-r.p.m. 550-volt 3-phase
motors and switch-gear were installed to drive drier fans on the
tipple. These motors replace two !50-horsepower 2,200-volt
motors and switchgear. A concrete switchroom was built at the
156
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
by-product plant to house the switchgear for twenty-two motors on the coke tipple. Two
IS-horsepower 220-volt motors were installed on the slack conveyor for the No. 5
slack-bin.
On Sunday, July 7th, 1957, it was found that the fans at "A" North mine had
stopped. The power-line fuses had blown and the main circuit-breaker had tripped on
earth leakage. Investigation disclosed that the conductors of the main cable had faults
to ground.
On the morning of July 8th, 1957, it was found that the main circuit-breaker controlling power to "A" West "B " seam and No. 1 seam had faults to ground on all three
phases.
A lightning discharge from an electric storm which occurred on July 6th, 1957,
at 6.30 p.m. is thought to be the cause of the above occurrences.
On August 23rd, 1957, in "A" North mine at the drainage level face the section of
cable serving the borecat was damaged when the machine skidded against the lagging
on the low-side rib. A severe electric arc occurred which tripped the circuit-breaker for
that district. No one was injured and no damage other than that to the cable was done.
The cable was moved to a more protected place on the machine to prevent a repetition
of this occurrence.
In October, 1957, a fault to ground occurred on one phase of a 1,000-foot section
of 6,600-volt cable which made replacement necessary. The cause of the ground fault
is unknown.
Elk River Colliery (The Craw's Nest Pass Coal Company Limited).-A 6,900volt 3-phase power-line of No. 4 A.W.G. H.D. copper was built between the powerhouse and No. 1 mine, a distance of 1 mile, and three 100-kva. 6,900--575-volt transformers were installed at the No. 1 mine. One thousand two hundred feet of 600-volt
No. 0 A.W.B. armoured cable was installed down the slope to a 50-horsepower motor
driving a pump.
On July 17th, 1957, at 5.20 a.m., the 600-horsepower motor driving No. 2 com·
pressor caught fire. Fifty per cent of the stator coils were damaged. At the same time
the switchgear serving several mine ventilation-fan motors tripped, stopping the fans.
It is thought that an electric storm caused this occurrence.
(49° 114° N.W.) On February 5th, 1957, premature detonations
of loaded holes occurred. A II a.m. the driller had connected in
series the cap leg wires for ten holes of a group of sixty holes which
were to be connected in series parallel, and was about to connect
the cap leg wires of the eleventh hole when holes Nos. 1 and 10
detonated. Work was immediately stopped and the area was
fenced off. At 1 p.m., while the area was being watched, hole No. 2 detonated.
During these occurrences a strong wind carrying particles of snow and dust was
blowing. Static electricity produced by the rapidly moving particles and collected by
the leg wires of the series of ten caps was considered to be the cause of the premature
Tent Mountain
Strip Mine {Coleman Collieries
Limited)
ignitions.
To prevent the possibility of future premature blasts, it was decided to suspend
shot-firing during unfavourable weather conditions unless shot-firing was mandatory;
then blasting would be done with primacord.
Lode-metal Deposits Referred to m the
1957 Annual Report
The names of the properties are arranged alphabetically within five areas. Each
area consists of the mining divisions listed below. The table shows the principal metals
produced or indicated in the deposits in 1957:Northern British Columbia.-Atlin, Liard.
Central British Co/umbia.-Cariboo, Clinton, Omineca.
Coast and Islands.-Albemi, Nanaimo, New Westminster, Skeena, Vancouver,
Victoria.
South Central British Columbia.-Greenwood, Kamloops, Lillooet, Nicola,
Osoyoos, Similkameen, Vernon.
Southeastern British Columbia.-Fort Steele, Golden, Nelson, Revelstoke,
Slocan, Trail Creek.
Mining
Division
Property
Northern British Columbia
Big Bull
Latitude and
Longitude
5Ro
57o
5.'! 0
59°
Liard__
_______ _ 51l 0
Atlin _________________ _ 58°
Atlin
Copper Canyon ____ _
Liard_
At lin
Janet-Vega ---·· ---.-------Maid of Erin _____ _
-----··---·----- Atlin
Opal __
Tulsequah ChieL
133°
B\ 0
133°
136°
131°
133°
N.W.
S.E.
N.W.
N.W.
N.W.
N.W.
Central British Columbia
Aurum _____ _
Bob Creek
Boss Mountain __ _
Cariboo Gold Quartz __
Cronin-Babine ______ _
Duthie ___ -------------------Ferguson
Firesteel _
Iron Mountain ___ _
Limonite Creek _____ _
Lucky Ship __
McDonald Island
Mariner ___ _
Pollyanna __
Silver Standard ____ _
Sunset ___ .
Swannell
~~~~~~~~~
..
~~~-
~~~~
~~
~~~~~~
~
.
Cariboo __ _
Omineca __
Cariboo __
Cariboo __
Omineca _
Omineca _
Omineca __
Omineca
Cariboo __
Omineca __
Omineca
Omineca __
Carihoo _
Cariboo __
Omineca
Cariboo __ _
Omineca __
·~·
Coast a11d Islands
A.M. __
Anyox: ______ _
Avail in __
Blue Chip
Blue Grouse _
Britannia __
Domineer-Double Ed __ _
Ecstall
Fandora __
Gahhro
Gold Flake _
Granduc __
Iron Hill _
Kin~fisher
Kitchener _
Maple Bay __ _
Merry Widow No.5
N cw Westminster
Skeena __
Victoria _
New Westminster
Victoria __
Vancouver ___ _
Nanaimo __ _
Skeena _
Skeena __
Alberni __
Victoria
AlbcrnL
Skeena _
Nanaimo .. _
Nanaimo __ _
Alherni __
Skeena _
Nanaimo __ _
53° 121° s.w.
s•;;o 126° S.E.
5r 1200 S.W.
sr 121o s.w.
54o 126° N.W.
54° 127° N.E.
56° 125° N.E.
57o 127° S.E.
52° 122o S.E.
54° nr N.w.
54° 127° s.w.
54° 126° N.E.
52° 121 o N.E.
5r 122° s.E.
55° 121° s.w.
52° nr s.E.
56° 125° N.E.
:(:1 ii:I:!Jj~ i I!J +!=IJ
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I ~1~~1~~1~~~~1 ~~1·~1 ~I
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~1~~\~.\~~~l~~·r ~1~~1
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I I I 1~~1 I~~ J ~~I~ I I~ I~~~ ~~I ~~J 69
I 31~1~~1-1 .. 1~- ~~I 1~1~~1~1 ~~~~~1~1 6
[ ___ ) _ 1----1----1----1---1 1 --I -I __ I I I __ ---1 ... 1 69
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3\
~~I~
49o 125° N.W.
50° 127° S.E.
A9°124°S.W.
55" 130" S.E.
_I_ I
so•m·s~E.
~11~1
I
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1 I
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I
I
Shipping Mines.-(1) Metal contributed at least 10 per cent of gross value of the shipment.
less than 10 per cent of gross value of the shipment. Production for 1957 is listed in Table XV.
Non-shipping Mines.-(3) Metal present, indicated by assay or mineralogical determination.
!57
I~~
~~1~~.1--1~-1~~1~-~1~~1~172
1~~1~~1~1~·1~1~~1.~~166
0
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s
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: tl13ir' ,:: lllll''r=J, :i
21 II
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1~~1~~~1~~1·~~1~~1
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(2) Metal contributed
158
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
LODE-METAL DEPOSITS REFERRED TO IN THE
Mining
Property
Division
1957
Latitude and
Longitude
Nadira Mines Limited __ _
Paxton
Prescott __ _
Silbak Premier
Sunloch __ _
Toric
Western Nickel.._
White Star __
Yellow JackeL.
Yellow Kid ·-·····---
South Central British Columbia
Ajax
Anarchist Chrome __ .
Beaver __
Belch rome __
Bethlehem Copper __ _
Bethsaida Copper .. _
Bralorne __ .
_______ ---------Brenda
Bridon __
Cliff __
~~:~:;,~~"01"'n-
Craigmont___
D.M. ________ ----------------------------····
Fairview .
!1311 JLL . . I I I
48' 104' N.W.
49'124'N.W. II 2111··1····1·-1···1' ·I I
I I I J 171
Alberni __
Nanaimo
Nanaimo.
Skcena
Victoria __
Skeena _
New Westminster __
Alberni __
Nanaimo ....
____
48" 124" S.E.
49"124"N.W.
112[1~----1----1---1----
Nanaimo
49'124'N.W.
1121
Knmloop<. ... ...
Greenwood_ _____
Kamloops
Greenwood__
Kamloops _
Kamloops___
Lillooet__
so• 120' N.E.
. ' I 31 I j .. j .. j.......
j ...
r.... 30
49" 119" S.E.
---1---'----1----1- 1---1---- --- ---1 3 --- ---- --- ----~- 3S
50" 120° N.W. ---1---1 31--1---1----1---1--- ------1 26
49°119"S.E.
---1--1-1---1---1---1---1------1---- 3----~---------------135
SO~ 120o S.W.
I ---1 3! ---~---1---1-~~-- ----1----1---- -·-- ~-1---- ---1----1 26
500 121° S.E.
---1---1 31··· ----~---1---- -~ ----1----1---- -··· ---- .... ----1----1 '17
.s')o 122" N.W.
II 21 ... ----1-----1--- .... --1----1-------------------1---1 22
-~~~~~!:n.
~~:.-heth __
REPORT-Continued
~
"'
Coast and Islands-Continued
ANNUAL
Nicola-Kamloops -
~i~~~~~-s --
Osoyoos __ ---
~~= g~: rE~-
W 129'
49° 121°
:t1----1~~ il-:d--t,::=,--1
__~ ~::/ ____ ,
31
-1----1---- -- ---1----1
I
1-1·· ··I·· I••
I ·1·11 .I ~~-·1' 6~
-
--
-=
72
N.W . . 1 11.1 ll-··1····1····1··- ···1····l I l l - I l - l 7
s.w.
1---1 31--1---1---1----1--- ---- ---1---1----1 3[----1---1----1 66
SO'l26"S.W. 112112121 .. 1... ,...... 1... 1\ .. j .. j .. l .. ll68
\IIIII lllllll . l68
1
---1---1---1----1----1--1
l. . l.l. . ,. .
·I - - - - --- - -
[A44
l
~~lim~~· ,),i]tl~ij; ---1----1----~---~----1---1----1---128
~~~i[_JJ) 1~
soo
so:
120° S.W. --1---1 31-- I --1----1----1---·
120: N.W.I -- 1----1 31--1--1---1 ---1--- ----1----1----~---- ----1----~----1----1 31
~~" ~~~o ~~~ 31::-J_~I~_::_II_::.i=::i::=i::= .:::ll:=:l~-=:r::::l:j::::~~_::ll::::l ~i
49: 119: S.W.
II-- 1---- -··- ---1---1---- _
--- ---- ----1--- ----1---- ---- ---~ 34
~r~~~~-Minerals Ltd.-------------------·-- ~~~~~sp-~ __
g~!~ed Mountain_ .
~=~:~~~~
~~o g~o ~~- li__~~ 3-)-::J::-1--:J:::,:::: --: ~--J:::I=::I::::l::::I:::J:::I ~~
~g: g~: ~~~ ---j-:J-3/::::j·:_ (-:::I=:J.~ -___ f::::i::::,-:j::::i::::i::::f::::i ~~
Golconda___
H.C.
Hat _
---------------Highland-Bell
Jericho Mines Limited ___ .. Jo Dandy___
Krain __
Lakeview___
Little Gem
Lodge__
Makaoo . Merrell No. R __
Minex__
Mother Lode__
Nickel Plate__
Phoenix __ .
Pioneer
Providence___
Python__
49° 119° S.W.
1----1 31---- ---1---1·-·j····
120: S.W.
-I 31 I 1---1---- __
50 120 N.W.
I I 31--1- 1---1----1---49° 119° S.E.
21 11---121 21----1 2~--50° 120o S.W.
--1---1 3 ---1---1---1---- __
49° 119° S.E.
- 1----1---1 3131--j-150° 121° N.E.
-1----1 31---- ---- -··· ---1---49°119° N.W. ---1---1----1 31 3)---1----~---50° 122° N.W. 31----1-- l---1···1---l--- __
sao 120° N.W. ---1 ---1 31-- --- ---1---1--sao 120o N.E.
1----1 3~--1---1----1---1---·
soo 120° S.W. ---1----1 3 ---1---1---1---1---50° 120o S.W.
--1 -I 31--1--1----1----1--49° 118° S.W.
1121 11 ---1----1----1----~--49: 120 ° S.E.
1 21 2~----1---1---1---- ___
49 118 0 S.W.
3 31 3 __ 1--- I ---1----~--soo 122° N.W. 112 ----1---1----1----1--- ____
49: 11~: S.W.
I 11----1---1 -1--1---~---50 120 N.E.
----1 31 __ ! ---1----1--- -···
50" 121 o N.R. -- 1----1 31---1---1----1---- --51°119°N.W. -1 I I .1----1----1------~
soo 120° S.W. __ 1--- I 31 __ 1-- 1----1----1---49°121°S.E.
---131 13131----1--1--50° 1?2" S.E.
31 1---- ----1----1----~--50° 120" N.W. ___ ----1 31--1---1---1---- ---50° 120o S.W. ---1-- 1 31- 1---1----1---1---50° 121 • S.E.
1----1 3! __ I ---1---1----1---.'io: 120: S.W.
'----1 31---1---1-- 1----1---50 120 N.E.
~----~ 3\ ---1----~
R.K.
Rexspar____
Sheba Copper Mines
SilverHill__
Silver Queen____
Trojan
Ventures___
Victor___
Vimy __
Wheal Tamar__
Osoyoos ----------Nicola
Kamloops -Greenwood.__
Kamloops -Greenwood__
Kamloops -Osoyoos
Lillooet
Kamloops -Kamloops -Nicola _
Kamloops__
Greenwood__
Osoyoos
Greenwood_________
Lillooet __
Greenwood
Kamloops __
Kamloors
Kamloops__
Kamloops __
Similkameen___
Lillooet __
Kamloops __
Kamloops
Kamloops __
Nicola-Kamloops _
so:
1
I
---:-···)--·
1 1 1 1 1 I I
Southeastern British Columbia
Albion_____
Alma___
American Boy___
Arlington__
Banker
Bannock__
Bannockburn___
_ -------------------
Slocan __
Revelstoke
Slocan __
Nelson_ Slocan _
Trail Creek __ -Reveistoke__
49°
50°
49°
49"
49°
49"
S0°
116° N.W.
117° N.W.
117o N.E.
117° S.E.
1](i 0 N.W.
117° S.W.
117° N.E.
21 21 .. 1 11 21---1--1---·
31 31---1 31 31---1----~---I 31 ... 1 31 31----~-- -···
1!21._1 II 11--- ----~2 21----1 11 2~---1-- _
31--- 1---1----1--- ----1---- __
---1 31--1 31 31----1-- __
I I I I I I I
----1--1----~---1----1 3~----1----~34
----1----1---- ----~---1---- ----1---- 28
--1--1---- -·-- ---1---- ---~~-1 26
1----1---1--- ----1----1---· ... 1 37
---1----1----l----l----l---1---l----l 27
---1---1----1----1----1---1----1-1 37
----1---1----1----1---1----1---1----1 24
--1--1--1----1----1----1---1----1 35
---1 31----1----~----1----1 31----1 23
---1----1----1---- ---~----1----1---1 26
-1---1----1----~---- ----1----~----1 29
---~---1- --1---- -··· ----~---· ----~28
--- ----1----~----1----1---- ------- 27
----1---~---- ----1----1----~----1----1 38
---1---- ----1----1----1---- ----1----!A45
-- 1----1 -- 1---1----1----1----1----1 38
-1---1---! ---1---1----1----1----1 23
---1----1----1---1----I----I----I----~A44
-- 1---- ----~----1----~----~----1---- 30
---1- --- ----1---- --·- ---1---· 24
---13---1--1----1---1---1----131
----1---- ----1----~----1----1----1----1 26
--1-- ----1--------1---1----~---132
___ 1__ __ 1----1---- ----1----1---- ----1 23
---1----1----1----1----1----1----1----1 24
---1----~---1---1---1---~----1 --I 27
----~--- ----1----1----1---- ---1----1 27
---- ---- ----1----1----1----1----~--1 28
--~----,---~----:----~-- ~----~----: 30
I I 1 I I I I I
----1----1--1---1---1--1----1--1 49
----~----1----'----1----1----1---1---1 59
---- ----1 -1- 1----1---1---1---1 53
---1-- I ---1----1----1---1----1----1 43
-1- 1----1---~·---1---1----1----~49
----1----1----1---- --1----1----1---- 41
---1----1---1----1---1---1---1----1 59
I I I I I I I I
LODE-METAL DEPOSITS
LODE-METAL DEPOSITS REFERRED TO IN THE
1957
ANNUAL
!59
REPORT--Continued
··~I
·····I
Mining
Division
I
Sr;tdhMstem British C{liumbia.
-..Qntlnued
Shipping Minu,-(1) Metal contributed nt least W per cent or gro"s vat11e of tlte $bivment. (2) Metal contributed
less than 10 per cent of groAA value of the s~rlpmem. Production for 19'57 ls 1lMed in 'Table XV.
Ncn-shlpptnJt Mines.-(3) Metal present, indicated by a,;say or rnlnerulcgical determins:tion.
160
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1957
LODE-METAL DEPOSITS REFERRED TO IN THE 1957 ANNUAL
Property
Southeastern British Columbia
-Continued
Nugget, Sheep Creek
O.K ....
Ottawa ______ _
Paradise __ _
Pica
--------------------
Pipestem
President -------------------------------Prince No.2
Ptarmigan
Red Cliff
Reeves MacDonald ..
Richmond
Richmond-Eureka __
Right Bower__ ______ _
Rita
Royal R
Ruth-Hope
Ruth-Vermont .....
Santa Fe -- __
Senator--------------Silver Doilar________ ___ ------------------ __
Silver GianL......
Silver Glance ... .
Silver King _____________ _
Silversmith ....----Slocan King __ _
Siocan Sovereign __________ _
S\ocan Star ---------Snap
Snowdrop _________________ _
Spider-----------
Spokane, Ainsworth __ _
Spokane, Wall Mountain--··· _
Standard --·------·····-·····-··
Star, Goat River ...... .
Star, Retallack....
Star Fraction_ ---------------------Sullivan
Sun Fraction __ .
Utica
Van Roi ________________________ _
Velvet
Vera
Victor___
W.D. _______ _
Wellington_ _______________________ _
Westmont ________ .
White Hope
White Quail ------·-·---------··--··--·····
Wide WesL.
Wonderful _____________________ _
Yankee _________ .
Ymir_.
Mining
Division
Nelson
Trail Creek ... __
Slocan --------------··-Golden __ _
Fort Steele
Revelstoke
Revelstoke _____ _
Nelson ______________ _
Golden ..... _
Revelstoke
Nelson __
Slocan .. ·--··---· ·-····
Slocan -- __
Slocan ___ _
Fort Steele __ _
Revelstoke
Slocan
Golden __ _
Slocan _______ -------5\ocan
Revelstoke ____ _
Golden
Siocan __ _
Fort Steele __ _
Slocan
Siocan ____ _
Slocan ----··-·
Slocan -- __
Siocan __
Trail Creek
Revelstoke __
Sloe an
Nelson __ _
Slocan __ .
Nelson
Slocan __ _
Revelstoke __
Fort Steele __
Nelson ______ ..
Slocan ________ _
Slocan __ _
Trail Creek
Nelson __
Slocan __
Trail Creek __ _
Slocan __ _
Slocan
Slocan
Revelstoke __ _
Revelstoke __
Slocan
Nelson_ __
Nelson __ _
REPORT-Continu~d
Latitude and
Longitude
::: : :;:
~~
49° 117° N.E.
~~: :::: ~i
:: :
----1
I
: ! 1~1:::1=[=: :I ,:= ::::
I 2111111
2
1j ____
1
21
21----~----
I
:::::::1:::
1
::=i :1
-- ---1----1------- ........ 1----~----
121\'1'1,,~~=
57
tJ:j:: :::'r=J= =A:!
so• 117" N.w. 31 3f ... l '1'1··-1·-·1···· ···1 I I
50o liT N.E.
I
- ····1·-· .... 59
-I 31--- 3 ----1---1---- ---- ---- --·1----1---- 1.... -- -··· ---
59
'·-·'··r·-·'··· . .
116"
2
:~: ::;:~: i3'::---1 il31 ,,:-2
49° 117°
1 31----1--1--·-: l:,:t:,: ___:=r=r= !~
49· '"" s.w. ....
50"
N.E.
1 60
.. , .. 1---~-·-- ----1--- ----~65
-.. ·.··'
--1 21 21----1--- ....
·---1--t--1
, .. _, , , . , .. ,.1 11
...
N.E.
__
---~---1---1--1----
1
--·----~57
49" 117" N.E. ..f 3f.f 31 3f .. f.-·f··· ···1·-·f .. f.f .... 1 -1···· .... 52
so• 116" S.W. I 3f.f 31 3f ..L.f ....... ···f···l-l····l-·l····f···r60
49" 115" N.W. . f 31.1 31 3f .. f-.. f........... f ..... .... f.._ _.. .... 63
so• 117" N.E. I 'I .I 3f ... f .. f····l···· ff .... f... 1···r···· 1··- ··- 59
49" 117" N.E. 21 lf .. f If lf .. f 2 ... f .. f·-f-·f·· ·-·f·· ·- 52
50"116"N.W... ,,,_,,,,, .. ,_,_..... ,_ _, __ .......
1 ,.,
49" 116" N.W. . 3f .... f 3l .... f.... .._ _.......
1 f .. 1·-·f···· ·-· .. ._ 48
49" 117" N.E.
1 ''·I'' 3f .. 1·- 1..... f ... f.·-1···1·-1-· 1 ·- - 1 57
50° 117" N.W. 3) 31---- 3) 31----1----1--- ---1----~----1·--- ... _·-1---- ---~ S8
so• 116" N.E. 1'1 21 11 2f .... f 21 ..... f ..... f .. f·-1····1·· 1··- 65
3)---1 31 31----1--1---- ---1----1----1---1---- ----1----1---
49o 116° N.W.
--
49" 115" S.E.
49"117"N.E.
49" 117" N.E.
1··1'1 Il-l I ···l····f····l·-·f····l·-·f··l-1 63
211 .. lflf .. f2f .... ···-·f ....... f........ f··[··f 52
.1 3f.f 31 3f.f .. f ... ···l-l····r-1~·-·f··· ··I 52
I 3j __ , 31 3) --1---1--- ---------------1---- ____ )........ )53
'1''·1 1111 .... 121. 1-·f ........ f.... f.... fl···l52
... 'I 1 31 3f .. f.- ... ··f-.l .. f.-.1 .. 1.-1 .... 1 52
49" 117° N.E.
49"117"N.E.
so- 117" s.E.
49o 117" S.W.
1) 2
:~: !~~: ~~--
31
L-1----1----1---- --
50"117"N.W. 2fii21IIII .... f2 ...
••• 116" N.W. I 11···111 2f .... f.... f..49" 116" S.E.
so• 117" S.E.
so• m• N.E.
49" 115" N.W.
49" 117" S.E.
49" 117" N.E.
49" 117" N.E.
49"117"S.W.
49" 117" S.E.
49"117"N.E.
49" 117" s.w.
50° 117" S.E.
49° 117" N.E.
49" 117" N.E.
---1----) ..._j .... j.___ I.... )..-.)--.. ]A47
f .. f.f ... f···l···f.f .. f58
.f ... f .. f.-f ... ···l···f··l 50
31----1----1--- ---j----1----1--1----1---- ----1----1'7
21 1f.f 11 1f_.f 2f ..- .. , .f.-f.-.f .. f-·f .... f ... 54
--I 31---1 31 31---1----1--- --1---L---1---1----1----1----1----1 61
3 ---- 31
1 3f ... f 31 'j·l .... l···· .. f ... l ... f.... l.... f.l-1 ... 1 52
··I2, ''-·1'1-·
.. f-· ..... 1... f....... f.... ·-·1 ... 1 59
21 2 I lf .. f-1 .........
1 1... 12f ... f.... f.-·f-.. f 62
II 21 I 21 2f .... f ... ·- .. f .... l .. f.... f .. f ... l ... f 43
.I 'I-I II lf.-f ... f..... f .. l·-·f .. f·-f-..1·- ·-·1 5I
21 I .. 1 II 11.-.f 2f .... f .. l .. l.... f.-.f .. f f ... f 56
ll2flf .. f ... f.... f ..·l·- f .. f ....... f ... f ... f .. f ... l40
I 31.1 31 31 .... 1.... ·- .f ... l... f .. f .. l .. f.-1 ... 143
2III .. I11II.-·121 ... l .. f .. l.f.l .. f .. l·-·1"
II 21.1 21 2f ..... f.. .I l .. f.... l .1 .. 1··· ... 141
--1 31--1 31 31---1---1---- ---1--1---1---1----1--- ---1---- 52
21 11---1 II 11----1 21--- _, __ I ___ , ___ J---~---1--1--1 57
I 31
I 31 3]--1---1-·-· --1--1---1----1-- --1---1---1 57
so·m·N.E. ,131 .. 131 .. 1.. 1... 1..
50"117"N.W. 1 31 3f .. l3l3f .. l.l ..
49" 117" N.E.
50
--I 3!--1
31 31---!----1----
1.. 11 .. 1.1 .. 1.. 1.. 1>9
l.l ... l.f .. l. ... f .. l .. l 59
1--1-- I ---~---1---1--1---1 54
49"117"S.E. I· 131... 13131.1-·l·.... 1.. 1.. 1..... 1..1.1.143
49° 117° S.E.
31 31 .. 1 31 3j_._J _______ .. 1.. 1.--1----1---L -1---1-- I 43
I I I I I ! I
I I I I I I I I
INDEX
A
PAGE
"A" East mine, Michel Colliery, 49o 114°
N.W.
138
"A" North mine, Michel Colliery, 49o 114°
N.W.__
139
dangerous occurrence _
129
"A" South mine, Upper, Michel Colliery,
49" 114" N.W. _
139
"A" West mine, Michel Colliery, 49o 114°
N.W.
138
accident _
125
66
A.M., 49" 121" S.E. _
A. V. Richardson Ltd._
-----------------------94
Abbotsford, 49° 122° S.E., clay and shale_
79
91
sand and gravel _
Abbotsford Gravel Sales Ltd. _
9l
Aberdeen, 50° 120° S.W.
28
accidents, coal mines
123
lode mines, placer, and quarries
103
Addison, Albert
133
Administration Branch _
____________ A 49
Afton, 50° 120° N.W. _
31
Agassiz, 49° 121 o S.W., limestone
87
Agassiz Lime Quarry
87
Ainsworth, 49° 116° N.W. _
49
air photography and topographic mapping ___ A 62
airborne magnetometer surveys _____________________ A 58
Ajax, 50" 120' N.E. _
30
Akokli Creek, 49" 116" S.W..
47
Alaska Pine and Cellulose Limited
88
Alberni Canal, 49" 124" S.W. ---·------ _____________ 69
Albert Head, 48 o 123 o S.E., sand and gravel 94
Albion, 49' 116" N.W.
-· ·----- ___
49
Aldergrove, 49 o 122 o S.E., sand and gravel _ 91
Alexander, B. L.
67
Alice Arm, 55° 129° N.W. _
7
67
Allan, L.
Allen, A. R.
23
Allenby, 49" 1200 S.W. .
3H
Alma, 50" 117" N.W.
59
Amato-Ruby, 50° 116° S.W. _
60
American Boy, 49° 11r N.E. _
53
American Metal Climax, Inc.
6
American Metal Company Limited, The _
5
American Smelting and Refining Company _ 24
Beaver
_ ---------------------------·· ···- 26
Gnawed Mountain _
27
Hat
26
Lodge
26
Sheba
26
Ventures and Minex
27
Americonda Mines Limited
43
Anaconda Copper Mining Company _
29
Analytical and Assay Branch
A 53
Anarchist Chrome, 49° 119° S.E. _
35
Anarchist Chrome Company
35
Anarchist Summit, 49° 119° S.E. _
35
Anderson, Anders Marins Karsten_
107
Anderson, C. _
49
Anderson, James
_____ 143, 144
Anderson, M. N. _
50
Anderson, S. J. _
40
andesite
77
74
Angus Creek Placers Ltd. _
Anson Mines Limited
24, 27
antimony, production _
____ A 15, A 23, A 28
Anyox, 55° 129° S.W. _... ---------------8
Apps, G. E. _
9
Archibald, L. R. _
66
Argonaut, 49° 125° N.W. _
69
Arlington, 49 o 117 o S.E. _
___ A 46, 43
Armour, C. . --------------------- ---·-------------·
24
Armstrong, J. E., Geological Survey of
Canada
___________ A 63
Arras, 55° 120° N.W., clay and shale_
81
Arrow Creek, 49o 116° S.E. _
60
Arrowsmith, 0. -----------------60
arsenious oxide, production
_________ A 30
asbestos __ ------------------------76
production
_______________ A 15, A 24, A 30
Ashmus, W. L.
43
Aspen Creek, 49° 117° S.E. _
46
Athalmer, 50° 115° S.W., gypsum_
83
73
Atlin, 59° 13]<> N.W., placer_
Atlin Placers Limited, electrical installations 155
Aurum, 53° 121 o S.W. _
--'--A 43, 14
Australian Creek, 52° 122° N.E., clay and
shale
80
Avallin Mines Ltd. __ _
72
54
Avison, R. A. _
B
B. Nos. 1-S, 49" 117" N.E. _
"B" South mine, Michel Colliery, 49o 114°
N.W.
B.C. Electric Co. Ltd._
B.C. Nickel (see also Western Nickel Limited), electrical installations_
B.X. Mining Company Limited
Babine Lake, 54 o 126 o N .E ..
Bacon, W. R.
Badyk, P.
Baher, John
Bain, R.
Baker Brick & Tile Company Limited _
Baldy Mountain, Rock Creek, 49° 119° S.E.
Baldy Mountain, 49° 114° N.W. _
Baldy Mountain strip mine, 49° 114° N.W. 141
Balmer, Thomas _
137
Bamberton, 48° 123° N.W., limestone
90
Ranker, 49° 116° N.W. _
49
Bannock, 49° 117° S.W. _
41
Bannockburn, 50° 117° N.E.
59
Barclay, S. _
58
barite
77
______ A 15, A 24, A 30
production
Barker, H. G._
46
Barkerville-Wells area
14
Barnet, 49° 122° S.W., clay and shale_
83
_
___
24,
27
Barr, D. A. _
Barr Creek, 52° 121 o N.E., placer_
74
Barrett-Leonard, W. J. _
____ ---------·
92
51
140
97
153
27
13
9
105
125
91
83
35
137
161
162
INDEX
PAGE
PAGE
Base Metals Mining Corporation, Limited _
65
140
Batchelor, Henry _
batholiths, Central Nicola
29
Guichon Creek _
_________ 24, 28
Similkameen-Okanagan
35
83
Baynes, E. G.
Bayonne, 49" 116" S.W.
47
Bayonne Consolidated Mines Limited_
47
Bayonne Creek, 49" 116" S.W.
47
83
Bazan Bay, 48" 12r N.E., clay and shale
Beale, Stanley
87
Beale Quarries Limited _
87
Bear Creek Brick Company
83
Bear Flat, 56" 121" N.E., clay and shale_
82
58
Beatrice, 500 117" N.W.
Beatrice Mining Co. Ltd.
58
Beatton River, 56" 120" S.E., clay and shale 82
Beaver, 50" 120" N.W. _
_ 24,26
Beaver Lodge Uranium Mines Limited
26
37
Beaverdell, 49" 119Q S.E. _
85
Beaverley, 5r 122" N.W., limestone_
Bobbie Burns Creek, 50" 116" N.W. ___
65
Bobicki, A.
75
Bonanza Creek, 55" 129° S.W.
9
Bonar, Robert B., Senior Inspector of Mines_ A 56
report by _
-----------------119
Bond, F.
145
57
Boomerang, 49" 117" N.E. _
Border Sand and Gravel Company _
91
___ 32, 52
Borup, Edward L _
18
Boss Creek, 52° 120" S.W.
Boss Mountain, 52., 1200 S.W. _
18
Bostock, H. H., Geological Survey of
Canada_
A 63
Bosun, 49" 117" N.E.
______ A 46, 56
Boswell, 49° 116° S.W. _
47
73
Boulder Creek, 59° 133" S.W., placer_
Boundary Lake, 56" 130" S.E., oil and gas_
96
Brady, F. J.
61,62
Bralornc, 50" 122" N.W. _
___ A 45, 22
electrical im.ta11ations
150
Bralorne Mines Limited
___ _3, 22
Bray, F.
91
Bray, J.
91
Bren Creek, 57" 127" S.E. _
13
Brenda, 49" 120° N.E. _
34
Brett, Leonard ____
142
63
Brewery Creek, 49" 115" N .W. _
bricks, production _____________________ A 15, A 25, A 32
Bridge, C. W.
93
Bridge River, 50° 121" N.W.
22
placer
75
Briden, 49" 119" S.E.
35
Briden No. 1
36
Rridon No. 2
36
Briden No. 3
36
Briden No. 4 __
36
briquette plant
141
hriquetting
123
Brisco, 50" 1 16" N.E.
77
Britannia, 49" 123" N.E.
A 44,67
accident
__________ 106, 108, 109
dangerous occurrences_
____ 111, t 12
electrical installations
154
67
Britannia Beach, 49" 123" N.E.
sand and gravel
93
Britannia Minin~ and Smelting Co. Limited 67
British Columbia Cement Company Limited 88
electrical installations at quarry_
155
79
British Columbia Slate Co. Ltd.
133
Brodrick, H.
Bronlund. Emil
13
Bruce, K.
83
Bryant, A. E.
7
Brydon, Thomas
136
Brynelsen, B. 0.
34
65
Ruckerfield, R. B. _
Buckham, T. R.
52
75
Buckland. J. H.
Bucrk, J. E.
93
Ruffalo. 49" 117~ N.E.
_______ A 47
96
Buick Creek, 56° 121" N.E., oil and gas
building-stone
77
production _
A 15, A 25, A 32
145
Bulkley Valley Collieries Limited_
130
bumps and outbursts, coal mines _
Bunker Hill Co., The _
59
Bunyan, 50° 116° S.E.
77
Burnaby, 49" 122° S.W., sand and graveL
92
Burnaby, Corporation of the Municipality of 92
14, 33
Burnett, W. B.
Burnt Creek. 49° 1\6° N.E.
64
B-~nc
M
Belair Mining Corporation Ltd.
35
Belchrome, 49" 119" S.E.
35
Bell, 49° 12.1° S.W.
69
Belle Aire, 49" 116" N.W. _
49
134
Rennie, W.
Benson (Elk) Lake, 50° 127" S.E.
68
Bentley, D. C.
48, 57
bentonite, production _
_A 30
Berengaria. 49" 116" N.W.
A46,48
Berquist, E. H.
47
51
Besecker. L. D.
Bethlehem Copper, 50" 1200 S.W.
____ 24, 26
26
Bethlehem Copper Corporation Ltd.
____ 24, 27
Bethsaida Copper Mines Limited _
47
Bettin, L. H.
23
Bevister, T.
Big Bull, 58" 133" N.W.
...... A 43,5
Rig Flame mine, 49" 123" S.W.
133
Big Timothy Mountain-see Takomkane
Mountain
Biggs, J. S. _
33
Billingsley, J. R.
69
Birch Island, 51" 119" N.W.
31
bismuth, production _
A 15. A 23, A 28
Rlack, J. C.
53
Blakeburn, 49" 1200 S.W., coal_
135
Blakeburn strip mine, 49" 120" S.W. _
135
Rloorncr, T. 0. _
1\7
Blubber Bay, 49" 124" N.W., limestone_ 88,90
Blue, G. E., Conservation Engineer_
A 58
Blue Chip, 49" 121" S.W.
66
Blue Creek, 51" 122" S.W.
22
Blue Flame Colliery, Princeton, 49" 1200
s.w.
136
Blue Flame No. 1, Wellington, 49° 123°
s.w..
132
Blue Flame No. 2
132
Blue Grouse. 48Q 124" N.E.
____ A 44, 69
electrical installations
154
Blue Rain, 49° 116° S.E. _
62
Blue Star Mines Limited_
52
Bluebell, 49" 116' N.W.
.. .. A 46, 48
electrical installations
152
Bluebell Bay, 49° 116° N.W. _
49
Blumont Mines Ltd.
47
___ A 59
Board of Arbitration
Board of Examiners for Coal-mine Officials
A 56,130
Rob Creek. S4° 126" S.W.
12
INDEX
163
PAGE
Burton, R. W.
Bt::tler. Claude
Butler Brothers SuppHes Ltd., Duncan
Victoria
Butler Ridge, 56"' 122" S.E., coal
by-product plant, Michel
7
93
94
145
141
93
c
cc 9,
57' 131' s.w. ... . . . .
6
cadmium, deposits (see table)
157
prmh.tction
"""""""""" .. A 15, A 23, A 28. A 43
Cadwallader Creek, 50° !22' N.W. _
_ .22, 23
Caldwell. E. H.
12
Caledonia, 50" ll7~
52
01llnhan. L R, .
75
Calling Lake, 50' 121' S.E.
27
Camhornc. 50" 117" N.W,
58
Camden, 49" 117~ S.W.
41
Camp McKinney, 49~ 119~ S,E
35
Camphell. D. S.
48
Camroux, G. F.
33
Canadian Collieries I Dunsmuir) Lirnitedsce Canadian Collieries Re:murces Limited
Canadian Collieries Resources Limited,
Tsahle River ......... ---·-- _________ --------·-· 134
Canadian Exploration Limited, Craigmont
28
Dodger
44
Emerald
44
Feeney
44
Jersey
44
Jo Dandy
37
Lakeview
35
dangerous occurrence
111
Canadian Explorers Limited
5
Canadian Minerals Ltd.
52
Canam Copper Company Ltd.
66
Can-Arner Mining and Milling Company Ltd. 51
___ _
Canary, 54° 127° N.E.
10
Canyon Creek, Crawford Creek. 49"' 116°
N.W.
48
Canyon Creek, Fraser River, 53~ 122° S.W.,
clay and shale
80
93
Capitano Crushing Co. Ltd.
Cariboo. 49o 117Q S.W.
41
Carlboo aren
14
~-r
M
Cariboo Falls Placer
74
Ca1'ihoo Gold Quartz, 53" 121" S.W. . A 43,14
Cariboo Gold Quartz Mining Company
Limited, The, Aurum
14
French
33
lron !¥fountain
16
Carnegie Mines of British Columbia L!d.
52
Carr, J. M., geoiogist
A 51
24
report on Highland Valley
report on Kamloops
29
Carruthers, R. B.
133
Carruthen; and Wakelam No. 3 mine, 49"
124" S.E,
133
Cascade Lode Mine'< Limited
68
Casino Red Cap-.>f'C W.D.
Cassiar Ashes to'> Cornoratlon l jmited
76
dangerou); occurrence
112
elcctricBl installation at q-uarry
155
Cave. G. C. fL Chief Analy~t and Assaycr
A2
Cedar Creek, 49" l T6"' N.\V.
49
Cement-see limestone
Cement, nroduction
A 15, A 25, A 32
Central British Co1umlba clays and ~h01lc,
report f-.y J. \\'. McCammon
79
Central ~icola bathollth
29
.... A49
C~ntral Record:-. Offie
..::ertificates of competency
131
Cewe, Jack
92
Chambers, R. H.
132
Chambers No.5 mine, 49" 123" S.W.
132
Chapman, Winiam
141
Cheam Lake, 49" 121" S.\V., marl
90
Cheam Marl Products Ltd. -~·~·~--90
Cheam View, 49" 121" S.W., granite
78
Cbes.nucknuw Creek, 49" 124" S.\V.
69
Chester, Daniel
142
Chexdeco Mining Limited
57
Chlldress, W. H., instructor
'·~·~-"-"~"'" ... A 56
Chilliwack, 49" 121~ S.W., granite
78
Choate, 49° 121' S.E.
66
Christensen, A. A. ...
88
Christensen, A. D.
61
Christensen, P. 0.
88
Christian, J. D. _
76
chromium, deposits (see table)-··-·~···"~·~~~-·-"- 157
production
.... A 28
53
Cinderella. 49~ 117'' N.E. _
Cinema, 53"' 122" S.W .. clay and shale
80
Clapperton Creek, 50Q ·120"' S.W..
.• 29
Ciarke, D. D.
74
clay and s.hale _
79
production
A 15, A 25, A 32
report on Central British Columbia by
J. \V. McCammon _
79
Clayburn Company Limited~-see Clayburn~
Harbison Ltd.
Clayburn-Harbison Ltd,
79
dangerotrs occurrence
112
electrical installation at quarry -·" .. --·---"-~~~, 155
Clearhrooke, 49"' 122<> S.E., sand and gravel 91
Cliff Fraction, 50" 120" N.E.
30_, 31
Climax Molybdenum Comp-any
18
Clothier. R. L.
17
91
Cloverdale, 49" l
coal
119
41
employmeni in mines
fees and licences .
53
price
... ··-·-····-·-·· A 13
production
A14,At5,A2l,A26,A
Coal Creek. 49" 115" S.E.• coal
142
coaf dmt 128
Coal Hill, 50" 120' N.E.
29
coal-preparation plants
123
"Coal Sales Act •·
130
Coalmont, 49" 120" S,W.. coal
135
cobalt. deposits (see table j __
157
production
A28
Cobble HjiJ, 48"' 123" N.W,, limestone
90
Cochrane. J.
134
Cody. 49' 117' N.E.
53
Cody-Reco Mines Limited
53
Coffee Creek, 49"' 116° N.W.
49
Coggan, A. D.
37
coke-making
coke, produ.ction
Coldwater coa! mines, 50"
Coldwater No. 5
135
Colehrook Sand and Gravel Company Lim~
ited
91
164
INDEX
PAGE
PAGE
Coleman Collieries Limited
144
Colleaux, R. A.
137
Columbia Gypsum Company Limited _
S3
electrical instalJation at quarry ___
155
Columbia River, 51 o 118° N.W., placer
75
Comfort, 49° 116° N.W.
48
Comox, 49° 124° N.W., coal_
134
Compagnie Francaise des Mines d'Or du
Canada
73
Connell, F. M.
76
Conservation Committee
______ A 59
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company
of Canada, The, Ajax _
30
Copperado, 50' 120' S.W ....
29
Coquitlam, 49° 122° S.W., sand and gravel 92
Coquitlam, Corporation of the District of _
92
Cork, 50' 117' S.E.
52
Carmie, A. M. __ _
7
10
Cornish, Newt
Corrigan, Harry
138
Cosburn, S. S., Mineral Engineer ___ _
. A58
report by _
96
Cottonwood Creek, Cariboo, 53, 122° S.W.,
clay and shale .
80
Cottonwood Creek, Stein River, 50° 121 o
s.w.
23
Coulter Creek, 53° 121° S.W., placer_
74
Coveney, C. J.
26
Cowichan Copper Co. Ltd. __ _
.. 65, 69
Cowichan Lake, 48° 124° N.E. _
69
Cox, B. Franklin
88
Craigie, John G. _
75
Craigmont, 500 120"' S.W. __ _
28
Craigmont Mines Limited
28
Cranbrook, 49° 115° S.W., silica ___ _
94
Crawford, Thomas
74
Crawford Creek, 49o 116° N.W. __
48
Creery, L. C.
12
Creston, 49o 116° S.W.
60
sand and gravel
90
Cronin, 54° 126"' N.W. _
.A 43, 12
Cronin Mountain, 54° 126° N.W.
12
Crowc-Swords, R.
56
Crowhurst, J. J.
6
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company Limited,
The
137
Cuisson Lake, 52" 122" S.E. _
. 14, 16
Cullen, A.
134
Cutlinane, J. A.
57
Cumberland, 49° 1 17"' S.E. _
43
Cumming, K. H.
6
51
Cummings, D. L. _
Cunliffe, T. H., Instructor _
.. A 56
141
Curran Knowles ovens
Cutler, Hiram ~-87
Cytko, William
138
Anyox
8
Big Bull and Tulsequah Chief ___
Bluebell
Boss Mountain
Double Ed
Fairview
Ferguson
Fife
5
48
18
8
34
13
87
RB.~
~
J.G.
60
Janet~Vega
5
Kitchener _ ~-61
Kootenay Florence
50
Lucky Ship
12
Oliver
94
Pico
64
Sullivan
62
Swannell
13
Construction Aggregates Ltd. _
93
Cooper, A.
56
Cooper, J. A.
51
Cooper, L
134
copper, deposits
157
price
__ A 8, A 13
production
_____ A 14-A 22, A 26, A 43
Copper Canyon, 57 o 131 o S.E. _
5
Copper Island~see McDonald Island
Copper King, Granite Mountain~see Pollyanna
Copper King, Olalla Creek, 49° 119"' S.W. _ 34
Copper Mountain, 49° 120"' S.W.
..... A 45, 4, 33, 38
dangerous occurrence _
111
electrical installations
150
D
D.M., 50" 120' N.W.
31
D.W., 50' 121' N.E..
24
dangerous occurrences, coal mines _
129
metal mines and quarries
111
Dark Canyon Creek, 49° 116° S.W.
47
Darling, H.
31
Davey, William ______
140
Davidson, A. M.
90
Dawson Creek, 55"' 1200 N.E., limestone
and cement _
84
petroleum and natural gas
97
Day, T. J..
31
Daybreak, 49° 117"' N.E.
51
Daybreak Mining Corporation (1957) Ltd. 51
Deadman, 49° 117"' N.E.
53
Deane, R.
48
Deanshaven, 49° 116° N.W.
48
Deeks-McBride Ltd., Bazan Bay
83
Coquitlam
92
Seymour Creek
92
Deer Horn Mines Limited _ ___
32
Delkluz Lake, 56' 125' N.E..
13
Department of Mines and Technical Surveys
.. _.A63
departmental work _
A 49
Derry, D. R.
65
Deschamps, Albert_
104
de Yaeger, J.
37
diatomite, production _
_ ___ A 15, A 24, A 30
diesel equipment, underground _
113
diesel locomotives, underground, coal mines 129
Dirom, G. A.
__ 24, 26
Ditmars, W. C.
78
Divide Lake-see Quiltanton Lake
dividends, coal mines _
A 39
copper mines
.... A 39
lode-gold mines
... A37
_A 38
silver-lead-zinc mines
paid, 1956---57 _
A 36
paid yearly, 1917-57
.A36
D'Lerma, E.
52
Doc krill, F. M. _
145
INDEX
165
PAGE
Do,lger, 49o 117" S.E.
... A46. 44
dangerous occurrence ~~~~ ~~~~ u~~ ~ ~~ ~~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~ 1!1
electrical installations
!51
~~~~ ~~-~~~~~~ 64
Doell e. H. E.
Dol mage, Victor ~-~~~~-~~--·~·~·~· ~-~-,--~~~-~- .. ······--· 136
Dolores~Dorothy Exploration and Mining
Company Limited, Homestakc and
\Vhite Hope
57
Santa Fe . -~~~-­
48
Domineer. 49" 125"
69
Dominion Creek, 59"
73
Donald. J. ll.
48
Donelly. F.
41
Doran, M ...
41
DoraUy, Robert
140
Dornberg, 49" 121"
32
12
Dot. 54° 126" s.w. ···~··· ~~~····
Double Ed, 55° 129Q S.W.
9
Doyle, E. N.
5
Doyle, ;\I. -~·
46
drain-tile, production
15. A
A 32
Drumheller, J. L. .. 52
Drybrough, J .......... ·~ .............. ~............ ~.......... 58
Duche-s,ne, \Villi am
106
Duck Creek-see Rollie
Dueck Building Supplies Ltd.
91
Dueck's Gravel Pit
91
Duncan, 48"' 123" N.W., sand and graveL..
94
Dunlop, Z. A.
63
Dunn. A. _
132
dust control and ventilation
113
Duthie, 54~ 1:27° N.E ... 10
dangerous occurrence
111
electrical installations
I 50
E
E.M .• 49° 115" S.W.
E. R. Taylor Comtruction Co. Ltd.
East Kootenay Inspection District
East Jlinc, 55~ 121" K.E..
Eastwood, G. E. P., geologist.
Eberts. Henry ..•••••.•••.••.• -~~···
Ecclestone~ T. ~Ecker, B.
Eclipse, so~ 117Q N,W,
Ecstall, 53° 129" N.\V.
Ecstall Mining Company Ltd. ~............
Ecstall River. 54° 129° SW.
Edmar, 49° 125° S.W. ~
Ehlers, J. C.
...••...••.•..•••.••••..•.•...
electric
power ..
coal mines
lode mines ..... ··················non·metallic mines and quarries
placer mines .
well drilling rigs
electridty, coal mines ............ ~~ .. ~ ... ~
Elinor, 49' 117' S.W.
Elizabeth 1 51" 122"' S.W.
Elk Lake--.se~ Benson
Elk River, 49" t 15' S.E ..
69
92
136
81
_A 57
l 39
142
Elk River Colliery, 49" 114" S.W.
dangerous occurrence
129
electrical installations
156
Elko, 49 115" S.E.
63
Emerald, 49° 117' S.E.
A 46, 44
electrical installations
I 51
Empire Development Company Ijrnited .... A, 68
electrical installations
154
employment, c.oal mines _
122
lode-metal mines
48
mining industry
41
134
52
58
9
9
9
~=~A.
Enterprise, 49" 117" N.E.
Enterprise Creek, 49o 117~ N.E,
Erickson, E. A. .
Erickson, Nils
Erie Creek, 49 111" S.E.
Eureka, 49" 117~ S.E.
Evans, W. Fred
Evans, Coleman and Johnson Bros. Ltd.
Evening, 49"' 117Q S.E.
Ewart, T. G.
examinations for assayers
explosive~. coal mines
lode mine<> and quarries
Extension mine. 49"' 12r S.'\V.
69
65, 78
147
148
147
148
t 48
149
128
41
22
.u.............
63.64
«
54
56, 57
44
88
43
41
30
94
43
137
A 54
126
113
133
F
Fairley, James
136
Fairview, 49" 119" S.W ..
~ A 45, 34
Fairview Camp, 49" 119~ S.W.
34
Falconer, Mr.
73
FanJora, 49" 125" S.W.
69
Farrell. Gordon
88
Farris. D. F. ~~~~··..~~~~..
__ 24, 27
Farwest Tungsten Copper Mines Limited
26
f;;tal accidents, co;;l mine5
123
lode mines, vJacer. and quarrie~>
103
F!'elley, 49" 117' S.E. .
Fenwid>Wihon. B. A.
Ferguson, 56" 125" N.E.
Fernie, 49" I 15" N.E., coal
Field.51°116'S.E.
field work, B.C. Department of Mines
Geological Survey of Canada
Fife. 49Q 118" S.E., Jime5tone
Finlay River, 55" 123" N.W.
Fire,.teet, 57~ 127° S.E.
first aid
. A 46,44
36
13
137
65
____ A 57
A 63
87
13
t3
115
Fish. S.
51
Fisher, ~orman
73
Fisher Creek, 49" 115" N.W, _
63
placer
75
flux, production
A 15, A 24, A 30
Foghorn Creek, 51" 119" N.\V.
32
Fording River. 50¢ 114"' S.W., coal
144
Forge Mountain. 50"' 121" N.E.
24
Fort Langley, 49° 122" S.E., clay and shale 83
Fort St John, 56" 120" S.W., oil and ,gas
96
Fort Steele, 4'P 115" N.W.
1'3
placer ---·-------··~-75
Fort Steele Gold and Silver Mines
75
Fortunasso. Joseph
39
Fortynine Creek, 49" 117" S,E,
43
Fosberry, R.
75
Foster. C. N. _ --· ___
91
Foster's Gravel Pit91
Fouotainview, 50" 121" N.W,
74
Four Mile Creek, 52e 121" N.E., placer
74
Fournier. L.
74
166
INDEX
PAGE
PAGE
Fox, G. D.
43
Fox Creek, 55° 120° N.W., clay and shale
81
Foyle, R. _
41
Francis, G.
75
Fraser Plateau
14
Fraser River, 500 121 o N.W., placer
74
Fraser Valley Dyking Commission _
78
Fraser Valley Lime Supplies _
87
Frehold, H., Geological Survey of Canada _A 63
French, 49"' 120"' S.E. ______________________________ A 45, 33
electrical installations
150
French Mines Lirniled
____ _3, 33
Frobisher, M. _
134
Fry, W. L., Geological Survey of Canada ___ A 63
fuel and electricity used in mines _________________ A 40
Fulks, R.
35
Fuller, C. M.
16
Fulton, D. J.
47
Fulton, H. B., assistant geologist _
A 58
Fyles, J. G., Geological Survey of Canada _A 63
Fyles, J. T., geologist
__ A 57
G
Gabbro, 48 o 124 u S.E.
72
electrical installations
154
Gabrielse, H., Geological Survey of Canada
___________________________________________________________________ A 63
Gagen, G. S.
74
Gagen Creek, 53o 121 o S.W.
74
Gainer Creek, 50° 11r N.E. _
59
Galaxy Minerals Ltd.
30
Galena Farm, 49° 117° N.E. _
56
Gallo, J.
__________________ 59, 60
Galore Creek, sr 131° S.W.
5
Gardner, H. H.
137
Geer, R. E.
27
Geiger, A. F.
69
Geist, W. _
43
Geminder, W. W.
34
Geological Survey of Canada, field work _A 63
publications ________________________________________________ A 64
Gerrard, S.
135
Gertrude, 49° 115° N.W.
63
Gcthing, L
145
Gething, Quentin F. (King)
145
Giant Mascot Mines Limited _
65
Giegerich, 1. R.
62
G;ft, 50" 1200 N.E.
30, 31
Gmey, J. H.
78, 92
Gilley Bros. Limited
78
Coquitlam (Maryhill Division)
92
electrical installations at quarry_
155
Gilleland, H. B.
9
Gilmour, H.
133
Glacier, 500 116° S.W. _
60
Glacier Creek, 50° 116° S.W.
60
Gla:o.er Creek, 49 116" S.W.
60
Glen Mountain, 55" 127° S.W. _
9
Glover, M. H. A. ________________________________________ A 59
Gnawed Mountain, 50" 120" S.W. _________ 24, 26, 27
Goat Creek, 54 o 127 o N .E., coal _
145
Goat River, 49" 116" S.E.
_____ 60, 61
sand and gravel
90
Golconda, 49" 119" S.W.
34
Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders A 50
Gold Commissioners' and Mining Recorders'
office statistics
A 51
gold, deposits
157
price
__________ A 13
production
A 14-A 22, A 26, A 43
Gold Flake, 49" 125" S.W.
69
Golden Eagle, 49" 117" S.E. _
41
Goldsmith, G. A. _
74
Goodenough, 49" 11r S.E.
43
Gordon, G. A.
44
Gorse, C. F. _
---- ----------------- ___ 63, 75
Gough, S.
134
134
Graham, F. Ronald
Graham, Philip
79
57
Graham, W. E.
31
Graham Bosquet Gold Mines Limited
Granby Consolidated Mining Smelting and
Power Company Limited, The, Bannockburn _
60
. _4, 33
Copper Mountain
Firesteel
13
French
33
Phoenix
38
66
Western Nickel
Granby Construction Company
8
Granduc, 56" 130" S.E.
6
104
accident
electrical installations
149
6
Granduc Mines, Limited
Granisle Copper Limited
13
granite
78
Granite Creek, Cuisson Lake, 52" 122" N.E. 17
Granite Creek, Nitinat area, 48° 124" N.W. 72
Granite Creek, Tulameen River, 49" 120°
N.W., placer_
75
Granite Mountain, 52° 122° N.E.
14, 17
Grant, R. H.
74
granules, production _______________ A 15, A 24, A 30
Greenwood, 49° 118° S.W.
38
Gregory, William
138
grub-staking prospectors
_____________ A 59
Guichon batholith
___________________________ 24, 28
Guichon Creek, 50° 1200 S.W.
29
Guichon Mine Limited
29
Guiguet, M.
14
Gun Creek, 50° 122° N.W. _
23
Gunderson, Olaf
107
Gypo, 49, 119, S.W.
94
gypsum
83
production
___________________ A 15, A 24, A 30
Gypsum Lime and Alabastine, Canada, Limited
88
electrical installations
155
INDEX
167
H
Highland·Bcll, 49" 119~ S.E.
3,37
151
electrical instaHations -··-Highland-Ben Limited __
37
Highland Sand and Gravel Company Limited
92
Highland Valley area----------"
. 4~ 24
Hishlander, 49" 1 t6' N.W ................. A 46,49
electrical installations , ..
152
Hili, Henry L, and AssoclateL .7. 12, 51, 54, 65
Hill, K. H. ... ... .
.... . . ..............
118
Hillside, 49" 123"' S.E.• sand and graveL
93
Hillside Sand & Gravel Limited
93
Hinckley, 49' liT N.E.
54
Hirst, P. E.
2S
Hixon Creek, 53" 122" S.W., placer
74
Hixon PJaccrs lnc. _
74
electrical im:tallatiom
155
Hladinec, W.
75
Hobbs, A. W.
.A 59
Hogarth, D. N.
44
Holland, S. S., geologist
... A 57
Homes take, 49 o 11 T N .E.
57
Honest John Creek, 52° 121" N.E.,
74
Hooker Creek, 49" 116c N.W.
48
Hope. 49' 121' S.W ... _..
66
Hope, Boswell, 49" 116' S.W...
.... A 46,47
Hornby General Machinery Company
91
Horne Creek, 48° 124° N.W.
71
Horsecroft, F. D. M. -··
29
Horsethief Creek. 50 ° 116 N .E. .
65
Houston, 54° 126" S.W.
12
Howe Sound. 49" 123" N.E.
67
slate
·
78
Hretchka, Michael
12
Hudson Bay Mountain, 54~ 127" N.E...
W
Hudson Hope, 56" 12ta S.W., limestone
80
Hu<::stis, H. H.
.... 18, 26
Hughes, H. C., Chief Jnspector of MineL
....A2,A56
report by _
103
Hughes, J. E., geologist
.... A 58
Hughes, Richard
I38
H.H.. 49o 1!7' S.E.
. ......... A46,46
dangerous occnrrcnce ..... .............._ Ill
electrical installations
!51
H.C., 50' 120' s.w...
28
Haddington Island quarry, 50" 127~ N.E.,~~ 77
Hadgkiss, J.
83
Hagan Arm1 54" 126" N.E. , __
13
Haggard, L. R.
13
Haile, Joseph 1., Instructor __ _
A 56
Hall, E..
58
HaU Creek, Duncan River, 5W j i7'" N,E, _ 59
Hall Creek! Saln10 River, 49" 1 17" S.E.
43
HuHey, J. Kenneth
67
Hallgren. S.
49
Hah:tead, E.
Geological Survey of Canada
___________________ A 63
Ham, A.M.
_______________________
54
Haney, 49~ 122" S.W., clay and shale
83
Haney Rrick and Tile Ltd.
83
Hannigan, K.
59
Hansard 54" 121 ~ S W limestone
84
Hansen, 'chris
· .,
77
Harbison Walker Refractories Company
79
Harding, J.
56
Hargood, H. W. . .
.. .............. _..
74
Harris Creek. 50Q 119~ S.E., placer
75
Haskins, R. E.
88
Hat, 50' 120' N.W.
24,26
Hat Creek, 50" 121" N.W., coal_
136
Hawe" T
53
Haylnl~re: W.
75
Huzclton, 55" 12JO S.W.
9
Henly Creek, 50" 117" S.E.
60
Heap, M.
75
52
Hcba, 50" 117" S.E.
Heddfe, D. W.
5
Hedley, !1-L S., Senior Geologist
____ A 57
Hedley, 49' 120" S.E. .
JJ
Hekhert, J.
56
Heller. D. W.
............................. 29, 30
Hemmett, J. R.
75
Hemphill, W . .\:1.
94
Hem..,worth, F. J.
________________________
7
Hender>on. 54" 127" N.E.
10
Henderson, Matthew Henry .
106
Hera. 5W l 17" S.E.
52
Hercules, 49" !16" N.V/.
50
Heron. Felix
104
Hewitt, 49"' ll7~ N.E.
A 47,56
Hewlett, C, G .• geologist
____ A 57
obituary
A4
Hidden Treasure, 50" 117" N.E.
59
Higgins, C.
54
High, W..
134
Q
··~·
Hulbert, Vans H.
::;
139
Hummingbird,
10
Hughes,
Sidney 54"
;··························· 139
Humphrey, G. D.
59
Hungerford, R. M.
79
Hunt, B.
41
H11nt, M. M.
24
Hunter, Ivan A.
94
Hurley River, 50"
75
Hutchinson, L.
134
Huus. P. K., engineering assistant ............... A 58
--·- A 30
hydromagnesite, production
I
LX.L, 49" ll7" S.W.
41
lllidse, T. w.
22
lndl!'x, tndex Creek, 50~ 117" !'i.E..
59
Index, Keen Creek, 49" 117" N.E.
A 46, 51
Index Creek, 50° 117~ N.E. _
59
indium. procluction _
A 15, A 23, A 28
industrial minerals
76
production .. A 14, A I 5, A 21, A 24, A 26, A 30
Ingenika Mines Limited
13
Jngcnika River
13
Ingram, W. L, conservation engineer ____________ A 58
Inland Dredging Ltd.
49
Inland ~atural Gas Co. Ltd. .
97
Inland Resources Limited
136
Inspection Branch
A 56
inspection committees, coal mine'$ ..... ·····~-- 128
inspection of electrical equipment and instailarJons at mines. quarries, and well drilling
rigs
147
inspection of lode mines, placer mines,
quarries
103
Interior Contracting Company Limited
95
Intermountain Petro~Mining Limited ..
50
introductiDn
A?
168
INDEX
PAGE
PAGE
Invermere, 50° 116° S.E., barite_
77
45
Invincible, 49" 117° S.E. _
Iona, 50° 120" S.W.
26
Irish, E. J. W., Geological Survey of Canada
------------ ______
.A6>
iron, deposits (see table)
157
lron Hill, 49° 125° N.W.
A 43, 69
Iron Mountain, McLeese Lake, 52" 122°
S.E.
____ !4, 16
Iron Mountain Nos. 1-7 .
Iron Mountain, Salmo, 49" 11 JD S.E. _
iron ore, production
___ A 15, A 23, A
iron oxide, production _
___________ A 15, A
Iron Range Mountain, 49" I 16° S.E. _____ 6a,
Isaacs, Arthur _ ------------····
16
44
28
31
61
87
Jervis Inlet, 50" 123" S.W., slate_
Jessiman, Kenneth
Jeune Landing, sao 127" S.W., limestone
Jewitt, W. G.
lim Nos. l-8, 58" 131 o N.W. _
Jo Dandy. 49° 119° S.E. _
Johnson, C. _
Johnson, 0. I.
Johnston, E.
Johnston, Walter W.
Johnstone, W. W. _
Jordan River, 48° 124° S.E.
Joseph, Philip
Joy, Index Creek, 50" 1 I r N.E.
Joy, Wild Horse River, 49" 115° N.W. __
Jubilee Mountain, 50° 116° N.E. _
Jumbo Creek, 50° 116" S.E. __ _
79
J
J. A. and C. H. McDonald Limited
77
l.G., 50" 116" S.W. _
60
Jack Cewe Blacktop Ltd.
92
Jacko Lake, 50" 120" N.E. _
30
Jacko No. 6 Fraction, 50° 1200 N.E. _
30
Jackson, Albert
108
1ager, H. D. M.
23
Jagozinski, J.
105
James, A. R. C., Inspector
_A 56
reports by_
_ ___ 31-40, 75, 135, 144
5
Janet-Vega, 58" 133° N.W.
97
Jefferson Lake Sulphur Company _
Jericho, 50° 120° s.w.
----- --- _24, 27
Jericho Mines Limited _
27
Jersey, Highland Valley, 50° 120° S.W.
26
Jersey, Salmo, 49° 117" S.E. _
_______ A 46,44
dangerous occurrence
112
151
electrical installations ___ --------------·.
78
88
62
5
37
54
5
92
73
134
72
31
59
63
65
64
K
29
Kamloops, 5ao 12ac N.E. _
Kaslo Base Metals Limited _
51
Kathleen Lake, sao 127" S.E.
68
52
Keckonen, A.
Keen Creek, 49° 116° N.W. _
51
Kehoe, Ray _ ----------------------93
74
Keithley Creek, 5r 121" N.E.
Kelland, J. D.
8
Kelly, J. W. _ __
56
Kennecott Copper Corporation _
24
Kenward, H. F.
51
Kemsh, J. __
-------------- ____________ ta5
Kicking Horse, 51 o 116° S.E.
65
Kiernan, Hon. W. K., Minister of Mines__ A 2
79
Kilgard, 49° 122° S.E., clay and shale__
69
Killoran, H. P.
Kimaclo Mines Limited
17
Kimberley, 49° 115° N.W. _
62
17
Kinder, E.
Kindrat, Paul
12
A 56
King, Robert B., Inspector_
____ 14, 22, 23, 66-72, 74-94
reports by
King, 49° 1!6° S.W.
60
King No. 1
_____ A 46
6a
King Crest Mines Ltd.
King Gething Mines, 56° 122" S.E.
145
Kingfisher, sao 127.o S.E. _
______ A 44
Kinney, L. M. _
46
Kirby, L. T.
6
Kirbyville Creek, 51 o 118° N.W., placer__
75
Kiskatinaw River, 56° 120° S.E., gas _
96
Kitchener, 49" 116° S.E. ______ _
60
Kitchener (claim), 49" 116° S.E. _
61
Kltchener, Alberni Canal, 49o 124° S.W. __
69
Kitsault River, 55o 129° S.E. ----------------·--7
Klawala Creek, 49° 117° N.E ..
51
Klem, J. R. _
26
__ .A44
Kleman, J. S.
_____ A 44
Kleman, S. I. _
Knight. H. W.
49
Koeye Limestone Co. Ltd. _
88
Koeye River, 51 o 127° N.W., limestone_
88
Kootenay Chief, 49° 116° N.W. _
48
Kootenay Florence, 49° 116° N.W. _
50
electrical installations
152
Kootenay Lake, North
48
47
South
Kozar, I.
46
Krain, 50° 121 o N.E.
24
Krain Copper Ltd. _
24
140
Krall, John
Krall, Thomas
138
Kubiak, J.
105
138
Kusnir, Paul
INDEX
169
L
PAGE
PAGE
6
18
Lightning Creek, 53° 122° S.E., placer_
74
Likely, 52° 121 o N.W.
14
Lillooet area _
22
placer
74
lime and limestone, production _
...A 15, A 25, A 32
limestone and cement _
84
report on the Prince George and Dawson
Creek areas by J. W. McCammon__
84
Limonite Creek, 54" 127° N.W. ___
12
Lind, C.
...... 50, 52
Lineham, J.D., Chief, Petroleum and Natural Gas Conservation Branch
A 2, A 58
Linn, R. W.
43
Lipsey, G. C.
67
44
Little, J. D. _
Little Gem, 50° 122° N.W.
23
Little Mountain Quarry _
73
Little Snowshoe Creek, 52° 121 o N.E.,
placer
74
142
Littler, Albert
137
Littler, James
40
L'Nora, 49° 117" S.W.
lode-metal deposits referred to in the 1957
Annual Report _ _ ---------------... - _____________ _ !57
lode-mining _
I
employment
....... A41, A 48
24,26
Lodge, 50" 120° N.W.
...A 46, 53
Lone Bachelor, 49° 117" N.E. _
53
Lone Bachelor Mines Limited
37
Long, Mrs. Lillian
73
Lorne Creek, 54° 128° N.E., placer
____ A 46, 52
Lost Atlantis, 50° 117° S.E.
59
Lost Chord, 50" 117° N.W.
44
Lost Creek, 49° 117° S.E.
133
Loudon, W.
133
Loudon No. 6 mine, 49" 124 o S.E. _
90
Louis Salvador and Son
12
Louttit, James E.
74
Lowhee Creek, 53" 121" S.W., placer_
Lucie-Smith, A. N., petroleum engineer
... A 58, A 59
52
Lucky Jim, Zincton, 50" 117° S.E. _
Lucky Ship, 54 o 127 o S.W.
12
83
Lulu Island, 49" 123 o S.E., cement _
Lynn Creek, 49" 123 o S.E., sand and gravel 93
Lynnmour, 49° 123" S.E., sand and gravel.
----- -- -·--------- --"-------92, 93
LC 7, 57" 131 o S.W ...
Lac Ia Hache, 51° 121° N.E. _
Lafarge Cement of North America Ltd.,
Lulu Island
Vananda
83
87
~~K.K.
~
Lajo Mines Limited
51
Lakeshore, 49° 116° N.W. _
50
Lakeview, Peachland, 49° 119° N.W.
35
Lakeview, Sanca, 49° 116° S.W.
47
Lamb, 55o 129° N.W..
8
Lambert, R. F.
6
Landell, S. B. .
38
Lane, T.
50
Langevin, Dan
73
91
Langley, 49° 122° S.W., sand and gravel.
Langley, Corporation of the Township of
91
Lank, Raymond Albert
107
Lansing, L. J.
60
Lapierre, T.
91
Larabee Mining Exploration Company
77
Lardeau area, placer
75
North Lardeau ___
58
South Lardeau
60
Lardeau Creek, 50° Jtr N.W.,placer
75
Lardeau Mines Exploration Limited
59
Larner, Ralph
142
Last Chance, 49 o 117 o N .E. _ __
53
Lathrop, T. S. .
51
Laura M .. 49° 116" N.W. _
A 46
Lawrence, C. J. L. _
68
Lawrence, S. J. _
134
Lawson W J
7
lead, d~po;its.
157
price
______ A 8, A 13
production
A 14-A 22, A 26, A 43
Leah, 49° 115" S.E.
64
Leask, T.
56
Leduc Glacier, 56" 130° S.E.
6
Leech, G. B., Geological Survey of Canada _A 63
Legg, R. E.
52
Lendrum Creek, 49o 116" N.W. _
50
Lenhardt, Mrs. K.
43
Leontowiez, P.
53
134
Lewis, C.
_ ____________ _
132
Lewis, Glyn
Lewis, P. A. _
26
Lewis mine, 49" 123" S.W.
132
41, 50
Liening, S. A. _
Me and Mac
McArthur, John _
134
McBeth, Jack
5
McBeth, James _
83
McCammon, J. W., geologist _
"--A 58
report on Central British Columbia clays__ 79
report on limestone in the Prince George
and Dawson Creek areas __ _
84
McClay Construction Company _
38
McCready, G. E.
52
McCullough, M. P.
54
McDame, Mount, 59" 129° S.W.
76
McDearmid, J. M. _
... 54, 65
35
McDonald, Charles
McDonald, C. H.
77
MacDonald, Francis J.
78
McDonald, J. A. _
77
McDonald, J. D.
.. ...... .49, 117,118
McDonald, Oswood G. _
69, 71,72
Macdonald, Mrs. P. J.
74
Macdonald, P. J.
74
McDonald Creek, 50° 116° N.E.
65
McDonald lsland. 54 o 126" N .E.
13
MacDougall, R. E.
74
McGowan, C. M.
44
MacGowan, J.
16
Mc[nnis, John
138
Mcintyre and Harding Gravel Company
Limited
94
McKay, Don
88
McKay, J. J. .
5
McKay, Walter
_____ 137, 142
McKay Quarry
88
McKechnie, N. D., geologist
_____ A 58, A 59
report on Blue Grouse, Cowichan
69
report on Nitinat
71
McKee Creek, 59" 133" S.W., placer
73
170
INDEX
PAGE
PAGE
McKenzie, Mr.
73
Mackenzie, T. A., engineering assistant _____ A 58
MacLean, J. C.
46
McLean, Russel
107
McLcese Lake, 52° 122° S.E.
___ 14, 16
MacLeod, R. A. _
44
McLeod, R. R., Senior Petroleum Engineer_
~~~~~~~~~~~~~A 58, A 59
McLeod, W. H.
56
Maclynn Gravel Co. Ltd.
93
McMahon, Frank
McMartin Creek, 52" 121" N .E., placer _
MacMillan, A. D.
MacMillan, Mrs. Viola
McNab Creek, 49" 123" N.E., slate_
McNab Creek Slate Quarry
MacPherson, William
McTaggart, K. C.
McVeigh, Frank _
McWilliams, D.
52
74
93
53
78
78
77
A 58
138
66
M
machine-mined coal
127
Madden, W.
___ A 44
Magee, J. B.
64
magnesium, production
_____ A 2H
magnesium sulphate, production
A 31
Magnet, 50" 120" S.E.
30
Magnuson, H. E.
54
Maid of Erin, 59° 136° N.W.
A 43
Mainland Clay Products Limited
83
Main;, Thomas _
87
Makaoo Development Company Limited
29
Mammoth, 49° 117° N.E. _
__A 47,54
mangcmesc, production
------------··· ..A 28
Manning_. C. M.
22
Manser, Jacob
______________ _
125
Maple Bay, 55" 130° S.E. ~~~~~~~~~~~~. ~
7
Maple Bay Copper Mines Limited _
7
maps showing mineral claims, placer claims,
__A 61
and placer-mining leases ____________
Marble Bay, 49" 124" N.W., limestone
87
Mariner, 52" 121" N.E. _
14
Mark Creek, 49" 115" N.W. ______________
62
Markovich, Frank
___ 109
marl
______________.... --------------90
Martin, R. E. _
52
_------------·--51
Martini, L. N. _
Mary E-----see Dornberg
Matheson, D. N.
_________________
22
Matier, T.
------------···-- --------------17
Matson, C. M.
141
Matson, R. M.
__________ ____
106
Mattson, R. M.
5
Maxwell, A.
-------------··-134
40
Maxwell, M. F.
May~Bee, 49° 1!6° S.E.
60
Menduk, Stanley ____________ _____
138
mercury, production ________________ A 15, A 23, A 29
Merrell No. 8, 50" 120" S.W.
28
Merrett, J. E., Inspector of Mines _
_______ A 56
reports by
47, 48, 60-65, 75, 77, 83, 90, 94
Merriam, F.
------------------90
Merritt, 50" 120" S.W., coal
135
Merry Widow, 50" 127" S.E. _
68
Merry Widow No. 5
___________ ..... ______ A 44
Meurling, 0 .. _
58
Meyer, K. V. S.
13
mica, production
A 15, A 24, A 31
Michel Colliery, 49" 114" N.W. _
137
electrical installations
155
41
Midnight, 49" 117" S.W.
Midnight Consolidated Mines Ltd. _
41
Mid-West Copper & Uranium Mines Ltd.__
40
Mills, Frank S. _
56
mills
3
Min. 50" 117" S.E. ~
52
Mindev Exploration Company _
12
mine-rescue
115
Mineral King, 50" 116~ S.E.
___________ A 45,64
electrical imtallations
153
Mineral Research Limited
69
Mineralogical Branch
__________________ A 57
Mines Branch
_____ A 64
~~~~~~~~24, 27
Minex, 50" 120" S.W.
Minex Development Company Limited
27
mining divisions amalgamated since 1949 ___ A 50
miscellaneous metals, production
A 14, A 15, AZI, A23, A26, A28
MitchelL F. _
74
Mitchell, J. A.
_______________________________ 35, 37
Modoc, 49" 124" S.W~
69
60
Moen, 0.
Mohawk Creek, 50° 117" N.W. _
58
Molly Hughes, 50" 117° S.E. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~A 46, 54
59
Mollie Mac, 50"' 117" N.E.
9
Mollison, R. D.
Molybdenite Creek, 52" 120" S.W. _ ·-- __ 18, 21
molybdenum, deposits (see table)__
157
production
______ A 29
Monarch, Field, 51" 116., S.E. _
65
Monarch. Silverton, 49° 117"' N.E. _ __A 45,54
Monashee Creek, 50° 118° S.W.
south fork, 50" 118° S.E., placer_
75
Monesmith, R.
64
Monet, Jack
74
Moneta Porcupine Mines, Limited
Pandora and Gold Flake _
69
Silver Queen
23
Monterey Mining Company Limited _
58
Montgomery, W. B.
23
Montney, 56° 120"' S.W., gas
96
Moore, S. Donald
59
Moose, 55" 129° N.W. _
8
Moonshine, 50" 116° S.W.
A 47, 60
Morgan, D. R., Inspector of Mines _
~~~~~A 56
report by
136
Morgan, Irving
137
Morice Lake, 53" 127" N.W. _
12
Morning, 49° 117" S.E.
43
Morning Star, 49° 119° S.W. _
34
Morris, Brindley _
143
Morris, James E. _
142
Mostique Creek, 53 122" S.E. _
74
Mother Lode, 49° l 18" S.W.
A 44, 38
Mt. Washington Copper Co. Ltd.
69
Mountain Minerals Limited _
77
Mulcahy, P. J., Chief Gold Cimmissioner
and Chief Commissioner, Petroleum and
Natural Gas
A2
Mulho11and, J. W. _
48
135
Mullin, Edward
Mullin's Strip Mine Ltd. _
135
Munro, W. A. _
90
Murdoch, Gordon
138
Murphy Lake, 52 o 121 o S.E.
18
69
Murray, Gordon C.
INDEX
PAGE
17 I
PAGE
Murray, N. F.
76
Murrayville, 49~ 122° S.W., sand and gravel 91
~~~~~ A 60
museums
Mussallem, Nicholas
Musser, C. D.
12
22
N
Nitinat River, 48° 124" N.W.
~~~~ 71, 72
Noble Five, 49" 1 tr N.E ..
53
Noland Mines Limited
73
electrical installations
!55
NorNos.J-8, 58" 131" N.W.
5
Noranda 49" 116" N W
50
Norancta' Exploration. Company, Limited,
Brenda (Peachland)
34
Domineer
69
Norris, C. J.
74
North Kootenay Lake-see Kootenay Lake
North Wellington, 49" 124" S.E., coal.
133
Northern Gem Mining Corporation Ltd.
23
Northern Inland Resources Ltd.
59
Northern Inspection District
144
Northlodge Copper Mines Limited
26
Northwestern Explorations, Limited, Brenda 34
Highland Valley
........ 24, 27, 28
Nugent, A. E. .
59
Nugget, Rossland, 49" 117" S.W..
41
Nugget, Sheep Creek, 49° 117" S.E. _ .. A 46, 44
No. 1 East mine, Elk River Colliery, 49"
I 14' S.W. ~
142
dangerous occurrence
129
No. 1 mine, Elk River Colliery, 49' 114'
s.w.
143
No. 3 mine, Elk River Colliery, 49' 114"
s.w.
144
accident
125
No. 4 mine, Elk River Colliery, 49' 114 °
S.W.
144
No. 9 mine, Elk River Colliery, 49' 114"
s.w.
142
dangerous occurrence .
130
Nadira Mines Limited
71
Nahlin, 58' 131' N.W. ~
5
Nanaimo, 49" 12r S.W., coal____
132
Nash, Frederick .
138
Nasmith, H. W., geologist
..... A 57, A 58
natro-alunitc, production
A 31
natural gas, exploration .
96
permits, leases, royalties, etc.
A 52
production .
A 14, A 15, A 21, A 26
····---··-····-A 54
samples
Nelson, W. 1.
-·-····-········29, 30
Nelson, 49° 117" S.E.
41
sand and gravel
91
Nelson Tsland, 49° 124" N.E., building-stone 78
Nelway, 49" 11r S.E.
46
Neroutsos Inlet, 50Q 12r S.W., limestone_
88
New Arlington Mines Limited
43
New Cronin Babine Mines Limited
12
New Santiago Mines Limited
56
New Springfield, 49" 117° N.E.
A 47, 54
New Taku Mines Limited
5
New Wellineton Mines, Ltd.
52
Newcome, Francis P.
30
Newton, 49" 122" S.W .. sand and gravel
91
Next Creek, 49" 116" S.W.
47
Ney, C. S.
35
Nicholas, G,
134
nickel, deposits (see table).
157
production
A 29
........A 45
Nickel Plate, 49" 120° S.F.
Nicola, 500 120° S.W.
29
Nicola-Princeton Inspection District
135
Nigger Creek, 52" 121" N.E., placer
74
Nimpki~h Lake, 50" 126" S.W.
68
Nitinat, 48" 124° N.W.
71
0
O.G.M. 20, 48' 124' N.W.
O.K., 49' I 17' S.W.
O'Brien, M. M.
Observatory Inlet _
Ocean Cement and Supplies Ltd ..
ochre, production
Odne, Harold
Ogilvie, G. S.
Ola. Gust
Olalla, 49' I 19" S.W. ~
Olalla Creek. 49" 119" S.W.
Oliver, 49" 119" S.W.
silica
Oliver Silica Quarry
Olson, Ole
Olson, P. E.
Omineca area _
placer
O'Neil, Henry
71
41
22
8
88
A 31
104
~~~ ~~34,
Opai,58'131'N.W.~
Opal Nos. 2-12 ~
73
49
13
73
142
5
5
Opal Lake, 58" 131' N.W. ~
5
Opollo, 50' 117' S.E. ~
52
Oregon, 49" 120" S.E..
33
Orlowski, Piotr
109
Ottawa, 49" 117" N.E.
..A47,57
Ottawa Silver Mining & Milling Company.
57
Otto, Horst .
125
87
13
34
34
34
94
94
p
Pacific, 49" 117" S.E.
Pacific Petroleums Ltd ..
Pacific Silica Limited
Paddy Peak, 49' II r N.E.
palladium, production
Palmer, R.Paradise, 50° 116" S.E.
Parker, A.
Parker, S. S.
43
97
95
51
A 29
43
A45
94
27
Parliament, J. H.
38
Parson, 51" 116" S.W.
77
Pasiaud, Roger .
138
Patridge, Edward Harold
107
Patterson, J. W., Inspector of Mines _ .... ____ A 56
Paupo Creek, 49" 117° N.E. .
57
Paxton, 49' 124' N.W. ~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~A44, 68
Payne, Thomas
74
Peace River, 56"' 12r S.E., coal .
___ 145
172
INDEX
PAGE
PAGE
Peace River Canyon, 55., 122., N.W., clay
and shale --------------------------82
Peachland, 49" 120" N.E.
34
Pearson, S.
16
Peck, J. W., Inspector of Mines
___ A 56
reports by
__ _40-60, 75,91
Pecton, A.
75
Pend d'Oreil1e River, 49° llJO S.E.
46
Pengelly, W. D.
--------------54
Pentland, A. G.
40
Perepolkin, E.
53
perlite, production
____ A 16, A 31
Perry, 0. S.
37
Perry, R. D. _
62
Perry, S. A.
66
Petersen, E. H. _
___________________________ 53, 54
Peterson, G. H.
79
petroleum, exploration
96
gas, permits, leases, etc. _
A 52
production--------------- ___ A 14, A 15, A 21, A 26
samples _____________ ____________
___________________ A 54
wells operated ______
__________
100
Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch _ _____ A 58
Phelps Dodge Corporation _
24
Phillips Petroleum Company
97
Pho, F. ------------------------------ ____ _
53
Phoenix, 49" 118" S.W. _
38
Phoenix Copper Company Limited _
38
electrical installations
151
phosphate rock, production _
A 31
Piccolo, Joe ___________ _ _______ ________________________
73
Piccolo, Louis
73
Pickard, E.
49
Pickering, B. A.
41
Pico, 49" 116" N.E. _
64
Pike, J. A. _
___ _____________
58
Pimainus Lake, 50" 121" S.E. _
27
Pine Pass, 55" 122" S.W., limestone_
86
Pioneer, 50" 122" N.W.
____________________ A 45,23
dangerous occurrence
1 12
electrical installations ___ ____________
150
Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C. Limited _
23
pipe-line system
97
Pipestem, 50" 1 17" N.W. _
59
Pitt, Arthur
88
Pitt River, 49" 122" S.W., granite_
78
placer
73
_A 41
placer-mining, employment
Placer Development Limited
44
Plains Western Gas Company
97
platinum, production
___ A 15, A 29
Plumb, W. N.
7
Plummer, Bruce
49
Pluto Fraction, 50" 117" S.E. _
52
police and coroners' exhibits _______________________ A 54
Pollyanna, 52"' 122" N.E. _
17
Pool Creek, 50" 117" N.W.
___ 58, 59
Poole, H. W.
62
Popkum, 49" 121" S.W., limestone_
87
marl
90
Popkum Marl Products Limited
90
Porcupine Creek-see Quill
Port Haney Brick Company Limited-see
Haney Brick and Tile Ltd.
Port Mann, 49" 122" S.W., sand and gravel 91
Port McNeill, 50" 127" N.E. _
68
Portage Mountain, 56" 122" S.E., coal_
145
Porter, R. N.
62
Portland Canal _ ___
7
Portman, A. E. _ ___
83
Postle, L. T.
6, 13, 38
pottery, production
______ A 15, A 25, A 32
Pouce Coupe, 55" 120"' N.E., clay and shale 81
Premier Sand and Gravel Company Limited 91
Prentice, W. R.
137
Prescott, 49" 124"' N.W. _________________________ A 44, 68
President. 50" 117" N.E.
59
Preston, S. G.
__________ A 59
Price, R. A., Geological Survey of Canada A 64
prices, average used in valuing Provincial
mineral production
. ____ A 11, A 13
fall in price _
A8
Pride of Emory, 49° 121" S.W. _
66
accident
107
Prince George, 53" 122" N.W., clay and
shale _
_____________________ 80, 81
84
limestone and cement
Prince No.2, 49"' 116" S.E. _
A 46
Princess Creek, 49" 116° N.W.
50
Princeton, 49" 120" S.W., coal _
136
33, 66
Pringle, D. W.
process supplies ----------------------- ____________________ A 40
production _
___________________________________ A 14-A 47
Progress, 55" 120" N.W., clay and shale
81
Promontory Hills, 50° 1200 S.W.
28
Prenger. Ralph J.
32
prosecutions, coal mines
130
lode mines and quarries
113
prospectors, grub-staked
__ A 59
Providence, 49"' 118" S.W. _
A 44
Ptarmigan, 50"' 116"' N.E. ______________________ A 45,65
publications, B.C. Department of Mines ______ A 61
Geological Survey of Canada _
______ A 64
A 64
Mines Branch
Python, 50" 120" N.E. _
30
Q
Quatsino, 50" 127" N.W.
Quesnel, 52" 122" N.E., clay and shale_
Quill Creek, 54" 128" N.E., placer_
681
88
Quiltanton (Divide) Lake, 50° 121 o S.E. _
- ---------------------------------------- _____________ 24, 26, 27
73
R
R.K., 50, 121" N.E. _
24
______________ A60
Rae, D. H.
Raven, 54" 127" N.E. _
10
Raven Fraction
10
Red Cliff, 50" 117" N.E.
59
Red Line Creek, 50" 116" N.E.
65
Red Ridge, 51" 119" N.W. _
31
Redrocky Creek, 54" 122" N.W., limestone 85
Reesor, J. E., Geological Survey of Canada A 63
Reeves MacDonald, 49° 117" S.E. ______ A46, 46
dangerous occurrence
112
electrical instaiiations
151
Reeves MacDonald Mines Limited _
46
refinery installations
97
Reno, R. J. _
52
Reno, 49" 117" S.E.
44
INDEX
173
PAGE
PAGE
Reschke Coal Ltd.
145
Rest Creek, 49" 117° S.E.
43
Reta, 49' 115' N.W. .
---.............
63
Retallack, 50" 11 ;o S.E. _52
review, general _
A9
lode metals _
3
Rexspar, 51" 119" N.W ..
31
Rexspar Uranium & Metals Mining Company
Limited ________ _______ _________
. ______________ 31
Richard the First, 49" 116" N.W..
48
Richards, R. E. C. _
14
78
Richmix Clays Limited, McNab Creek _
Richmond, G. W.
78
Richmond Bulldozing Co. Ltd. _
91
Richmond-Eureka, 49" 117" N.E. ___
52
60
Right Bower, 50" 116" S.W.
Rimrock Mining Corporation Limited _____ _47, 94
Rio-Canadian Exploration Ltd.
65
Riondel, 49' 116' N.W. ____
____ .. ________ 48
Ritchie, A. C.
9
Ritchie, 54" 128" N.E., placer
73
River Jordan, 48" 124" S.E. _
72
Robertson, A. G. ___
62
__________ .A 56
Robertson, T. H., instructor
Rock Creek, 49" 1 \8" S.W. _
35
rock samples
., ______________ A 53
Rod, 54' 126' S.W.
12
Rogers and Coombs
47
Rokosh, John _ ___
·----------------8
81
Rolla, 55" 120" N.E., clay and shale...
Rollie (Duck) Creek, 52" 121" N.E., placer 74
Rolph, George B. _
73
Roper, E. C. _
67
Roper, J. S. ·--67
52
Rosenthal, G. S. _
91
Ross, C.
__ 33, 68
Ross, J. A. C._.
Ross, S. N.
57
Rossland, 49" 117" S.W. _
40
Rotherham, D. C.
69
Routledge, T. C. _
93
93
Routledge Gravel Ltd.
Roxey Creek, 50" 122" N.W. ____ _
23
Royal Bay, 48° 12r S.E., sand and gravel 94
Royal Oak, 48" 123" S.E., sand and gravel 93
59
Royal R, 50' 117' N.E. .
Rozan, W. __________
43
rubble, riprap, production ________ A 15, A 25, A 32
Ruelle, J. A. _
40
Rukli, John Ivan
104
43
Russeii, J. A.
Ruth Hope, 49' 117° N.E. _
_________ A 47, 52
Ruth·Vermont, 50" 116" N.W.
65
Rutherford, C.
27
Ryan Trophy, John T.
118
s
S. and S. Gravel Pit _
92
S.F. and M. Mining Company
56
S.U .B. Quarries Ltd.
91
Saad, Ronald
139
Saanich, 48° 123" N.E., sand and gravel_
94
safety
115
128
safety lamps
----------------St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited,
Maid of Erin
A 43
salaries and wages
A 40
43
Salmo, 49" 11 r S.E.
Salmon River, 56" 130" S.E. _
7
Salvador, Louis _
90
Sanca, 49~ 116" S.W.
47
Sanca Creek, 49" 116" S.W.
47
sand and gravel
90
production
______ A 15, A 25, A 32
Sandberg, A. E.
74
Sanders, Harry _
138
Sandon, 49" 117" N.E. _
52
Sandon Creek, 49" 117" N.E.
52
Sandy Creek, 49' 117' S.E. _
41
Santa Fe, 49" 1l6" N.W. ___
48
Sargent, Hartley, Chief, Mineralogical Branch
A 2, A 57
Seaman, G.
90
Schwartzenhauer, W. _
47
Sdippa, Louis _
142
Scorgie, W. J.
58
Scott, C. B. _
92
Scott, J. S.
--------- 24,28
Scott, John W.
31
Scud River, 5r 131, s.w.
5
Sebolt, W. L.
58
See!, H. F. K. _
65
selenium, production
A29
Senator, 49" 117" N.E.
57
________ 23, 69
Seraphim, R. H. ___ _
Seymour Creek, 49" 123" S.E., sand and
gravel
---·--------- ·---92
Shaak, A.
68
Shawano Iron Mines Limited _
12
Shearer, J. C.
---------------- 144
Sheba Copper Mines Limited
__ 24, 26
Sheep Creek, 49' I 17' S.E. _
_.44, 46
Sheep Creek Camp
44
Sheep Creek Mines Limited, Hall Creek ____
59
Lucky Jim _
52
Mineral King
64
Sheep Mountain, 49" 115" S.E. ____
64
Sheridan Creek, 52" 122" S.E. ________________ J4, 16
Shield Mining Surveys Ltd.
__ 29, 30
__ 63, 75
Shirting, D.
Shugarman, Mr. _
48
23
Shuttleworth, H. R.
Sibilleau, N.
53
Sihilleau, S.
53
Silbak Premier, 56° 130° S.E.
_______ A 44,7
Silbak Premier Mines Limited
7
silica
94
Sil-Van Consolidated Mining & Milling
Company Ltd.
11
Sil-Van Mines Limited
10
silver, deposits ___
____ 157
price
_____ A 8, A 13
production
A 14-A 22, A 26, A 43
Silver Dollar, 50" 117" N.W. _
58
Silver Giant, 50" 116" N.E. ____________________ A 45, 65
Silver Glance, 49° 116" N.W. _
50
Silver Hill Mines Ltd. ______________ -------------- __32, 51
Silver King, Elk River, 49° 115° S.E. _
63
Silver King, Summit Camp-see Dornberg
Silver Queen, 50° 122" S.E. _
23
Silver Ridge Mining Company Limited _
54
Silver Standard, 55" 127" S.W. ____________ A 43, 9
electrical installations
149
Silver Standard Mines Limited
____ 9, 11
174
INDEX
PAGE
Silversmith, 49" 117 ~ N ,E,
____________ A 47, 52
Simi!kameen, 49" l I9" S.W., placer _
75
Simiikameen-Okanagan batholith
35
Simm, A.
41
Simpson, E. 0.
134
SingeL E.
53
Singleton,
142
Siroia, W. M,
24
Skagit River, 49° 121" S.E.
66
Skeena Silver Mines Ltd.
27
Skookwnchuck, 49 o 116 ~ N .E.
64
64
Skookumchuck Creek, 49o .115Q N.W.
slate
78
Slee, Thomas
139
Slocan King,
52
S!ocan Lake,
54
Slocan Monitor Mines Limited
52
Slocan Star, 49~ 117" N.E.
... A 47, 52
Slocao Sovereign, 49" 117~ N,E.
53
Slocan Van Roi Mines Limited
56
Smith, D.
48
Smith, David, Inspet::tor
Mine;s ______________ A 56
reports by
5 -13, 73, 76
Smith. D. E.
94
Smith, George
12
Smith, T. S.
_35, 37
Smith Creek,
114" S.W.,
144
Smithers. 54° 127" N.E.
10
Snap, 50° 117" S.E.
52
Star, Kitchener, 49" 116" S.E.
61
Star, Retallack, 50" 117" S.E. _
52
Star Fraction, Jndex Creek, 50" 117" N.E.__ 59
statistics
A 10
statistical tables
____________________ A 13
Stavert, R. E.
62
Steanc_, H. A.
44
Steele, J. S.
46
Steeves, George
66
Stein River, 50° 121" S.W.
23
Stibhard, R. F,
27
Stikine area
5
Stone-, J. l.
14
Strathnavcr, 53 a 12r S.W., clay and shale __ 80
Stromgren, N. P.
92
Stronach, Charles
133
Stronach No. 2
133
Strong, G. S.
41
strncturaJ materials
76
employment
!\ 41
production
~-~~A 14, A 15, A 21, A 26, A 32
structuraltiJe, production
A 15, A 25, A 32
Stulkawhit;; (Texas) Creek, 49" 1:;1" S.E.
66
Stdllvan, G. G.
58
Sullivan, 49" 115~ N.W,
__ "A 45, 3, 61
dangerous occurrence
__ 111, 112
electrical installations
153
sulphnr, deposits {sec table)_
157
production
________ A 15, A 24. A 31
Sumas Mountain, 49° 12r S.E., clay and
shale
79
Summer, E. B.
145
Summit Camp, 49° 121" S.E. _
32
Summit Creek, 49~ 116" S.\V.
47
Sun Fraction. 49" 117~ S.E.
. ~~~A 46, 43
Sunloch, 48" 124" S.E,
72
electrical fnstallatiom,
154
Sunny~ide, 48" 124~ N.E. __
69
Sun.,hine Propcnies Ltd.
91
Sunro Mine~; limited
Sunset 56"' 122" N.E.
17
Sunshine 1.arUcau Mines Limited _
58
supervision of coal mines
130
Surrey, 49" 122" S.W .• day and shale
83
Surrey, Corporation of the Township of
91
7
Sutherland, G. K.
Sutherland Brown, A., geologist
A 57
report'i by ____________ __
35
report on McLeese-Cuisson Lakes area __
14
13
Swannell, 56' 125' N,E. :·~:--;;·~·· ··~~~~~~~
1)
Sw.annell River, 56" 125a N.E. __ _
Snowdrop
____________________ A 47
sodium carbonate, production ______________ A 15, A 31
Somerville, A.
134
South Kootenay Lake~see Kootenay
Souther, J. G., Geological Survey of Canada
_-------------- ------A 63
Southam, F.
_________________
105
Spani~h M_ountain, 52" 121 ~ N.E.
14
Spani'ih Mc1untain Exploration Co. Ltd.
14
Spankic, D. F.
92
Spencer. Victor
23
SplHim&cheen, 50" I 16" N. E.
65
Spillim::1cheen River. 50" l16~ N.E.
65
Spider, 50" 117" N.W,
______________________ A 46, 58
electrical installations
153
Spokane. Ainsworth, 49~ ll6" N.W.
A 47,50
Spokane, Wall Mountain, 49" }16~ S.W. _
47
Springer, K. J.
37
Springer Creek, 49"
N.E. ---~----------"
57
Soru~e Creek, 59"
N,W., placer_
73
Spud Creek. so~
S,W,
68
Standard, 49" 117'' N.E.
_____________ A 47, 54
"'
''
T
Tagoon Silver Nos, 1~6, 58" 131" N.W. _
5
Takornkane (Big Timothy) Mountain, 52~
120'' s.w.
18
Taku River, 58" 133" N.\V.
5
~A 31
talc, production
Tarnowski, M.
56
56
Tattrie, \V.
22
Taylnr. A. C.
Taylor, James A,
53
138
Taylor, Reginald
Taylor, Robert
138
Taylor, Thomas
ll8
82
Taytor, 56" l2W S.W., clay and shale.
97
petroleum and natural ga"22
'T aytor (Bridge River) Mines
87
Tedesco, Oscar
5
Tedidcech Lake, 58" 131" N.W. _
Telkwa, 54'
127~
N,E..
coal
12
Tempest, A.
Tcnas. Creek, 48~ 124° N.W.
Tent Mountain coal mine, 49t 114" N.\"'·
dangcrow; electricnl occurrence
__ 129,
Texada Island _
Texada Mines Ltd, _
electrical in!)tallations __
__
____
Texa., Creek-see Stulkawhits Creek
Thewlis. David, Sr. _
Thickett, C.
~· · · · · · · · ~·~·-­
Thompson, F, R. _
Thielman, H.
Thompson,
K A.
Thompson, S.
Thom-.on, J.
145
13
72
144
156
67
67
154
!38
57
68
46,66
22
92
117, 134
INDEX
175
PAGE
PAGE
Thomson, J. S. _
_________ _________
22
Thorsteinson, H.
41
Thrall, R. A.
77
Three Forks, 500 II r S.E. _
51
Thutade Lake, 56° 126° N.W. _
13
Tidewater, 52"' 121 o N.E. _
14
Tidsbury, Dan _
13
tin, deposits
157
production
___________ A 15, A 23, A 29
Tinker, W.
104
Tipper, H. W., Geological Survey of Canada A 64
Toby Creek, 50"' 116° N.E. _
64
barite _
77
Todhunter Ridge, 50° 114"' S.W., coal_
144
Tomich, E.
41
topographic mapping and air photography ___ A 62
Torbrit Silver Mines Limited_
7
Toric, 55"' 129° N.W. _
____ A 44,7
Towgood, C. E.
54
41
Trail. 49° 117"' S.W.
Tranquil Creek, 49"' 125° S.W. _
69
Tranquil Inlet, 49"' 125"' S.W.
69
Transcontinental Resources Limited _
56
Tremblay Creek, SSQ 120"' N.W., clay and
shale
81
Trepanege Creek, 49° 119"' N.W. _
35
Trettin, H. P. _
____ A 58
Triumph Mines Limited , _
50
Trojan, 50"' 120° N.W."
______________ 24
Trojan Consolidated Mines Ltd. _
24
Tryon, 50' 117' S.E. ___
54
Tsable River mine, 49° 124"' N.W.
134
dangerous occurrence _
-------------129
Tsolum River, 49° 124"' N.W. _ _
69
Tulameen River, 49o 120° S.W. _
32
~Kcr
~
Tully, W. M. _
88
Tulsequah Chief, 58° 133"' N.W. _______________ A 43, 5
105
accident ____
Tulsequah Mines, Limited _
5
Tulsequah River, 58° 133"' N.W. _
5
tungsten, deposits _
157
price
AS
production
A 15, A 23, A 29
Turlight, 50" 120' S.W. _
29
Turner, H. M. _
50
Twelve Mile Creek, 49"' 117° N.E.
51
Tymchuk, Michael
143
u
Undun mine, 49"' 123° S.W.
Union Bay Washery, electrical installations
Unsworth, J. __ _
Unuk River, 56"' 1300 S.W.
Upper Quinsam Lake, 49° 125"' N.W.
Upton, A. H. __
uranium, deposits (see table) ____________________ _ !57
Utah Co. of the Americas, Fording River_
144
Iron Hill (Argonaut)
69
Utica, 49° 117° N.E.
A47,3,51
electrical installations
!52
Utica Mines (1937) Limited
51
132
155
132
6
69
31
v
Vera, 49° 11 r S.E. _
43
Vera No. 1 Fraction
43
Vera No.2
43
Verkerk, William _
143
Vermont Creek, 50"' 116"' N.W.
65
Vernon, 500 119° S.E., placer_
75
Victor, Highland Valley, 50° 121" S.E. _
27
Victor, Sandon, 49° 117"' N.E.
_A 47, 53
accident
107
Victoria, 48° 123" S.E., clay and shale_
83
Victoria Tile & Brick Co. Ltd.
83
28
Vimy, 50° !20' S.W..
Vi my Ridge, 500 120° S.W.
28
Violamac Mines Limited
53
Vlasich, F. ___
132
______ ________
5
Vogelstcin, H. A. _
Vowell Creek, 51' 116' S.W. -------------------- 65
____ 7, 65
Val!ance, J. A. _
Valley Grani.tc Products Ltd._
78
104
Van Buskirk, Kenneth Irvin_
Van Roi, 49" Jlr N.E. _
A 47, 56
Vananda, 49° 124° N.W., limestone_
87,88
Vancouver Granite Co. Limited_
78
68
Vancouver Island
Vancouver Island lnspection District_
131
Vanin, F.
53
Vasek, Steve __ _
125
Velvet, 49"' 11r S.W.
....A 47, 4, 40
ventilation and dust control_
113
Ventures, 50° 120"' S.W.
27
Ventures Exploration Limited_
27
Vcnturcs-Minex
24
w
W.D., 49' 117' S.W ..
WM 8, 57' 131' S.W. _
W.S. Beale (1955) Ltd.
Wakelam, W.
Walejna, J. _
Walker, John F., Deputy Minister __ _
Wall Mountain, 49"' 116" S.W.
Wallace Mountain, 49° 119° S.E.
Waller, William _
Walsh, James __
Walton, T. F.
Ward, Mrs. E.
A47, 41
6
87
133
105
A2
47
37
142
138
48
57
Wardman, L., Electrical Inspector of Mines _A 56
report by
147
69
Washington, Mount, 49o 125° N.E. _
35
Watson, W. P.
Web Nos. 1--8, 58° 131' N.W. _ ---------------5
73
Weber, W. S.
Webster, A1·nold
142
Webster, G.
5
87
Webster, W. D.
99
well samples, petroleum and natural gas ____
52
Wellington, 500 117° S.E.
Wells, E. _
41
176
INDEX
PAGE
PAGE
we!Js drilled or worked on, 1957 _
100
14
Wells-Barkerville area
Werner, J. _
______________ _
90
West Columbia Gold Placers Ltd._
75
West Kootenay Mine Safety Association
Trophy
118
West Vancouver, 49° 123° S.E., sand and
gravel
_______________________ --··93
Westaway, A. G. __
79
Westbridge, 49° 119° S.E. ___________________________ _ 37
Westcoast Transmission Company Limited
97
Western Copperada Mining Corporation_
29
Western Exploration mill _
electrical installations ----------------!52
Western Gypsum Products Limited _
83
Western Mines Limited _
50
Western Nickel Limited
66
accident
!07
Westmont, 49° 117° N.E. _
____ A 47, 56, 57
White Star, 50" 126" S.W ....................... A 43,68
Whittaker, John _
139
134
Whittall, N. R.
Wide West, 50 117" N.W..
. .................
59
Wild Horse River, 49" 115" N.W. _
63
placer
75
Wiley, M..
37
Willett, C. G. .
60
Willett Mines Ltd. _
60
Williams, Arthur, instructor __________________________ A 56
Williams Creek, 53" 121" S.W., placer,__
74
Willow River, 53° 121 o S.W., placer_
74
Wilson, R. R. _
_ ______ 9, 10, 136
Windermere, 50" 115" S.W._
64
gypsum
83
Windermere Creek, soc 1 15" S.W., gypsum 84
Windfall Nos. 1-6, 58" 131" N.W. ......
5
Witches Brook, 50" 120° S.W.
__ 26, 27
Wojna, A. S. _
52
Wonderful, 49" 117" N.E.
54
Woodbury Creek, 49" 116" N.W.
51
Woodgrecn Copper Mines Limited
3, 38
Woods, Robert _
138
Woolf, W. G.
59
Worthington, Bryan _
108
Wright, H. M. _
50
Wright Creek, 59" 133" N.E., placer_
73
Wylie, !. W. .
14
Wynndel, 49° 116" S.W., sand and gravel_
90
53
Wheal Tamar, 50° 120° N.E. _
Wheeler, W. R. _
White, Elizabeth V.
White, J. E. _
White, Joseph _
White, Ronald _
White coal mine, 49o 124° S.E. _
White Hope, 49° 117° N.E.
White Hope No. 1
White Quail, soc 117° N.E.
White Rock, 49c 122° S.W., sand and gravel
30
26
22
!17
!34
142
134
57
57
59
91
X
XL Refinery _
97
1
X-Ray, 49" 117" S.W.
40
y
Yalakom River, 50° 122° N.E.
22
Yankee, 49" 11r S.E. _
43
Yankee Fraction _
43
43
Yankee No. 1 _
Yale Lead & Zinc Mines Limited, Highlander 49
Spokane
50
Yellow Jacket, 49" 124c N.W. _
.A44
Zambon, J.
Zeballos, 50" 126" S.W ..
Zeballos River, 49" 126" N.W.
Zeigler, W. L. _
Yellow Kid, 49" 124° N.W.
........ A 44, 68
Ymir, 49" 117" S.E. _
43
Ymir, Ymir Creek (claim), 49° 117' S.E..
43
Ymir Creek, 49" 117" S.E. _
43
Young, D. B._
144
Young, W. L. _
29
Yuill, J.
67
z
zinc, deposits _
531
price
68
68
46
production
!57
.. ..... A8,A 13
. .. A 14-A 22, A 26. A 43
Printed by DoN McDIARMID, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1958
2,360-358-4268
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