THE CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF BRAMPTON BY

THE CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF BRAMPTON BY
,
'
THE CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF BRAMPTON
BY-LAW NUMBER 36-74
A By-law for preventing fire, the
spread of fire and for the preservation of life.
WHEREAS The Planning Act, R.S.O. 1970, Chapter 348, Section
38(1)24 enables the enactment of this By-law;
THE COUNCIL of the Corporation of the City of Brampton
ENACTS as follows:
1)
The National Fire Code of Canada 1963 (hereinafter
referred to as the Code) subject to the changes hereafter
mentioned is hereby adopted and forms part of this
By-law.
2)
The City Fire Chief and members of the fire department
as assigned by him to the division of fire prevention
are hereby designated inspectors pursuant to
Section 1.5 of the Code.
3)
The following sections of the Code are hereby deleted:
Section
Section
Section
Section
Section
Section
4)
1.3.3
2.1.4.11 (2)
2.1.6
2.2.1.7
2.2.2.3 (1)
2.3
Section 1.3.4 of the Code is deleted and the following
inserted in its place:
1.3.4 Penalties
1.3.4.1.
Every person who contravenes or fails to
comply with this Code or who fails to carry out an
order made under this Code or any condition attached
to a permit or to which a permit is subject is guilty
of an offence and where no other penalty is provided
under this Code is liable on summary conviction to a
fine of not less than $50.00 (Fifty Dollars) and not
more than $300.00 (Three Hundred Dollars) or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten days or to both such
fine and imprisonment and in default of payment of the
fine to imprisonment for an additional term not exceeding thirty days.
5)
The following Sub-section is added to 1.4:
1.4.2.21. A permit shall be required for the purpose
of starting fires in open air as defined in 2.1.4.11.
6)
The following sentence is inserted in lieu of 2.1.4.11(2)
2.1.4.11 (2)
Ca)
A person to whom a permit has been issued
under sentence (1), shall place and keep a
competent person at all times in charge of
the fire while it is burning or smouldering
and shall,,~ovide that person with efficient
appliances~nd equipment in order to prevent
the fire from getting beyond control or
causing d~age or becoming dangerous.
/'
- 2 -
7)
(b)
The fire shall be not less than 200 feet from any
building or overhead wires and a 20' radius from
the fire shall be cleared of vegitation and other
combustibles.
(c)
The issuance of this permit does not relieve the
holder of same, in any way, from complying with
any Provincial regulations that are now or may
be in effect at the time the permit is issued.
The following sub-section is added to Section 2.1.4:
2.1.4.16 Fire Protection - Deep Fryers.
(1)
All deep fryers whether portable or permanently
fixed shall be provided with an approved automatic
extinguishing system.
(2)
Where a deep fryer is located within an occupancy
required to have an approved fire detection or
alarm system, the said extinguishinq system shall
be inter-connected to same in such a manner as to
sound the alarm upon activation.
8)
Schedule "A" to this By-law is inserted in lieu of
section 2.1.6.
9)
The following sub-section is inserted in lieu of
2.2.1.7.
2.2.1.7.
Fire Protection Equipment
One or more of the following approved systems shall be
installed in any place of assembly, hotel or mOBel as
may be required by the Fire Chief:
Sprinkler System - Standpipe system.
Fire Detection System-Smoke Venting System.
Such installation shall be in accordance with good
engineering practice and shall be subject to the
approval of the Fire Chief.
10)
The following sentence is inserted in lieu of 2.2.2.3 (1):
2.2.2.3. (1)
Fire Alarm and Detection systems shall be
installed as defined in the Building By-law and more
particularly as follows:
11)
(a)
An approved Fire Detection system shall be installed
throughout the building in all rooms or areas
excepting washrooms and corridors.
(b)
An approved fire alarm system shall be installed
throughout the building.
(c)
A relay suitable for the purpose of transmitting an
alarm to the Fire Department Central Fire Alarm Panel
shall be provided in the system control panel.
Schedule "B" to this By-law is inserted in lieu of Section
2.3.
12)
By-law No. 1682 of the former Corporation of the Town of
Brampton is hereby repealed and By-la\" No. 11-64 of the
former Corporation of the Township of Chinguacousy in
so far as it applies to lands now within the Corporation
of the City of Brampton are hereby ~epea±ed.
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READ A FIRST, SECOND AND THIRD
this
6th
day of
May,
TI~m
and PASSED in Open Council
1974.
;L- PcZ&,
Mayor
Clerk
'
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I.ul
2.4
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/
FLAMMABLE 'AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS
DEFINITIONS
SCOPE
2.4.2
REGISTRATION
2
2.4.3
DRUMS AND PORTABLE CONTAINERS, DESIGN AND
CONSTRUCTION, STORAGE, HANDLING, USE AND
SALE
•
3
3
2.4.3.1
Scope
2.4.3.2
Design, Construction, and Capacity of Drums of
Portable Containers
Insid~
2.4.3.3
Storage, Handling, Use and Sale
Budd in.gs
2.4.3.4
Design, Construction and Capacity of CabInets for
the Storage ,of Flammable and Combustible Liquid
Portable Containers
.3
5
11
2.4.3.5
Design and Construction of Inside Storage Rooms for
the Storage and Handling of Flammable and Combustlble
Liquid Containers
12
2.4.3.6
Container Storage in Inside Storage Rooms
15
2.4.3. 7
Container Storage in Outdoor Storage Areas
15
2.4.3.8
Fire Protection
18
2.4.3.9
Care
2.4.3.10
Smoking
19
2.4.3.11
Static Protection
Ji)
2.4.4
2.4.4.1
~nd
18
Cleanliness
TANK STORAGE
J t)
-
Design and Construction of Storage Tanks
.., 19
(I)
Matpriais
(2)
Atmospheric Storage Tanks
(3)
Low Pres sure Storage Tanks
22
(4)
Pressure Storage Tanks
22
(5)
Provisions for Internal Corrosion
23
19
(i)
(
2.4.4.2
Installation of Outside Aboveground Storage Tanks
(1)
(2)
23
Location with ·Respect to Property Lines,
Public Ways and Buildings
23
Spacing (Shell-to-Shell) Between Aboveground
Storage Tanks
24
2.4.4.3
Normal Venting for Aboveground Storage Tanks
26
2.4.4.4
Emergency Relief Venting for Fire Exposure for
Aboveground Storage Tanks
27
2.4.4.5
Vent Piping for Aboveground Storage Tanks
28
2.4.4.6
Drainage, Dikes and Walls for Aboveground
Storage Tanks
29
Tank Openings Other Than Vents for Aboveground
Storage Tanks
32
Installation of Underground Storage Tanks
3 '.
2.4.4.7
2.4.4.8
,
~
(1)
Location
33
(2)
Installation
35
(3)
Installation of Underground Storage Tanks
Subject to Flood or High Water Conditions
37
2.4.4.9
Corrosion Protection of Underground Storage Tanks
38
2.4.4.10
Vents for Underground Storage Tanks
38
(1 )
2.4.4,11
Location and Arrangement of Vents for
Flammable Liquid Storage Tanks
38
(2)
Location and A rrangement of V ('nts for
Combustible Liquid Storage Tanks
'(3 )
Size of Vent Openings
39
(4)
Vent Piping
39
Openings. Other Than Vents, in Underground Storage
Tanks
•
~i 1)
4('
(
2.4.4.12
Installation of Storage Tank,s Inside
Buildings'
41
(1)
Location
41
(2)-
Vents
-l1
(3)
Vent Piping
41
(4)
Openings Other Than Vents in Inside
Storage Tanks
42
Supports, Foundations and Anchorage for
Aboveground Storage Tanks
14
2.4.4.14
Identification of Aboveground Storage Tanks
45
2.4.4.15
Elimination of Sources of Ignition in Storage
Tank Location
45
Testing of Storage Tanks
!6
2.4.4.13
2.4.4.16
2.4.5
PIPING AND PUMPING SYSTEMS
47
2.4.5.1
Scope and Application
47
2.4.5.2
Materials for Piping, Valves and Fittings
48
2.4.5.3
Corrosion Protection of Piping Systems
49
2.4.5.4
Identificatio~ of Piping Systems
50
2.4.5.5
Joints in Piping Systems
50
2.4.5.6
Gaskets in Piping Systems
51
2.4.5.7
Pressure Testing of Piping Systems
51
2.4.5.8
Location and Arrangement of Piping
52
(1) General
52
(2) Aboveground Outdoor Piping
52
(3)
Underground Piping
53
(4 )
Piping in Ducts or Trenches
1:)4
Piping in Tunnels
r; -t
(6 )
Pipe Entrances to Buildings
54
(7)
Indoor Piping
54
,(5)
(iii)
(8 )
2.4.5.9
2.4.5.10
2.4.5.11
Provision for Expansion and
Flexibility in Piping Systems
Valves in Piping Systems
56
56
(1)
General
56
(2 )
Location of Valves
56
(3)
Design of Valves
57
(4 )
Identification of Valves
58
Heating of Piping Systems
58
(1)
General
58
(2)
Methods of Applying Heat
58
Methods of Transfer for Liquid Systems
59
(1)
Pumping
60
(2)
Hydraulic
60
(3)
Inert Gas
61
(4)
Compressed Air
62
2.4.5.12
Electrical Equipment for Piping Systems
62
2.4.5.13
Fire Protection for Piping Systems
62
2.4.5.14
General Care and Cleanliness of Piping Systems
62
2.4.5.15
Operating Procedures for Piping Systems
62
(1)
Employee Training
62
(2)
Inspection and Maintenance
63
SERVICE STATIONS
65
2.4.6.1
Scope
65
2.4.6.2
Storage and Handling
65
2.4.6
(1)
General
65
(2)
Portable Containers and Drums
67
(3)
Tank Piping and Valves
68
(iv)
2.4.6.3
Attendance, Supervision and Dispensing
Procedures
2.4.6.4
Dispensing Systems
2.4.6.5
Dispensing Units
2.4.6.6
Emergency Power Cutoff
.,
2.4.6.7
Remote Pumping Systems
7-+
2.4.6.8
Delivery Hose and Nozzles
2.4.6.9
Marine Service Stations
7b
2.4.6.10
Electrical Equipment and Wiring
7B
2.4.6.11
Heating Equipment
7ii
2.4.6.12
Drainage and Waste Disposal
79
2.4.6.13
Elimination of Sources of Ignition
80
2.4.6.14
Leak Testing
8l
2.4.6.15
Unused Storage Tanks
2.4.6~+6
Property Sold or Leased
2.4.6.17
Fire Protection
~)
2.4. 7
Storage
2.4.7.2
Buildings
2.4.7.3
Loading and Unloading Facilities
2.4.7.4
Electrical Equipment and Wiring
2.4.7.5
Elimination of Sources of Ignition
2. 4. 7.6
Drainage and Waste Disposal
2.4.7.7
Fire Protection
2.4.8.1
)
BULK PLANTS
2.4.7.1
2.4.8
Ii...
PIERS AND WHARVES
,Scope and Application
2.4.8.2
General
2•4•8•3
Storage Tanks
q(}
q
(v)
I
2.4.8.4
2.4.8.5
2.4.8.6
Piping, Valves and Fittings
(1)
General
91
(2)
Location and Arrangement
91
(3)
Tests
93
93
Electrical
(1)
Equipment
93
(2)
Bonding of Railway Tracks
93
Smoking and Open Flames
93
(1)
Smoking
93
(2)
Welding and Cutting, Blow Torches
94
94
2.4.8.7
Fire Protection
2.4.8.8
Bulk Transfer Stations
2.4.9
91
94
(1)
Location
(2)
Hose Connections
(3)
Cargo Hose
(4)
Cargo Pumps
(5)
Pump Houses
(6)
Transfer Operations
INDUSTRIAL MANUFACTURING PLANTS
<)8
2.4.9.1
Scope and Application
2 •4 •9 •2
Incidental Storage and Use of Flammable
and Combustible Liquids
2.4.9.3
Handling Liquids at Point of Final Use
100
2.4.9.4
Unit Physical Overations
100
2.4.9.5
Drainage
101
2.4.9.6
Ventilation
101
2.4.9.7
Liquid Handling
102
2.4.9.8
Tank Vehicle and Tank Car Loading and
Unloading
102
(vi)
--,
2.4.9.9
Fire Protection
102
2.4.9.10
E1iminatio~
103
2.4.9.11
Electrical Wiring & Equipment
104-
2.4.9.12
Repairs to Equipment
104
2.4.9.13
General Care and Cleanliness
104
2.4.10
of' Sources of Ignition
lOS
PROCESSING PLANTS
2.4.10.1
Scope and Application
1J 5
2.4.10.2
Location
lOS
2.4.10.3
Proc~ssing Buildings
106
2.4.10.4
(1)
Construction
106
(2)
Drainage
107
(3)
Ventilation
107
(4)
Explosion Venting
108
IO~
Liquid Handling
(1)
Storage
(2)
Piping, Valves and Fittings
(3)
Transfer
110
(4)
Equipment
110
108
\
109
2.4.10.5
Tank Vehicle and Tank Car Loading and Unloading
1 1 ()
2.4.10.6
Fill Protection
11 1
2.4.10.7
Elimination of Sources of Ignition
1 12
2.4.10.8
Maintenance and Repair
I J2
2.4.10.9
Electrical Wiring & Equipment
I I
2.4.10.10
General Care and Cleanliness
I I3
2.4.11
REFINERIES, CHEMICAL PLANTS AND DISTILLERIES
~
1 14
2.4.11.1
Storage
1 14
2.4.11.2
Piers and Wharves
114
(vii)
2.4.11.3
Fired and Unfired Pressure Vessels
114
2.4.11.4
Location of Process Units "
114
2.4.11.5
Fire Protection
114
2.4.12
ABANDONMENT AND REMOVAL'OF UNDERGROUND STORAGE
TANKS OR TEMPORARY WITHDRAWAL OF STORAGE TANKS
FROM SERVICE
115
2.4.12.1
Scope and Application
lIS
2.4.12.2
Rendering Storage Tanks "Temporarily Out Of
Service ~I
115
2.4.12.3
Removal of Underground Storage Tanks
117
2.4.12.4
Disposal of Storage Tanks
117
2.4.12.5
Abandonment of Aboveground Storage Tanks or
Temporary Withdrawal of Storage Tanks From
Service
118
2.4.13
TANK VEHICLES FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF FLAMMABLE
AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS
119
2.4.13.1
Scope and Application
119
2.4.13.2
Transportable Containers
120
2.4.13.3
Tank Vehicle Design
121
2.4.13.4
Construction of Cargo Tanks, Piping and
Connections Designed For Transporting
Flammable or Combustible Liquids at Temperatures
at or Above Their Boiling Points
123
Construction of Cargo Tanks, Designed for
Transfer of Flammable or Combustible Liquids
at Temperatures Below Their Boiling Points
123
2.4.13.6
Shut-off Valves
12S
2.4.13.7
Marking of Tank Vehicles
127
2.4.13.8
Bonding of Tank Vehicles
127
2.4.13.9
Accident Damage Protection
128
2.4.13.5
(1)
General
128
(2)
Rear Bumpers
128
(3)
Front Bumpers
129
(viii)
(4)
Protection of Valves and Associated
Connections
129
2.4.13.10
Closures for Fill Openings and Manholes
129
2.4.13.11
Vents for Cargo Tanks in Other Than Asphalt
Service
130
(1)
General
130
(2)
Normal Venting
130
(3)
Loading and Unloading Venting Protection
13()
(4)
Emergency Venting for Fire Exposure
131
(5)
Flow Testing and Marking of Vents
133
2.4.13.12
Vents for Cargo Tanks in Asphalt Service
134
2.4.13.13
Emergency Discharge Control
134
(1)
(2)
Liquids Having Viscosities Less than
45 SUS
Liquids of Viscosities of 45
sus
or More
134
135
2.4.13.14
Pressure Tests
135
2.4.13.15
Overflows and Drains for Asphalt Tank Vehicles
1 37
2.4.13.16
Compartmentation and Identification To Prevent
Intermixing
1 37
2.4.13.17
Lighting
1i8
2.4.13.18
Auxiliary Equipment
138
(1)
Auxiliary Internal Combustion Engines
1 38
(2)
Auxiliary Electric Generator and Motors
140
(3)
Burner and Burner Tubes for Asphalt
Tank Vehicles
141
Pumps and Hose
142
(4)
2.4.13.19
Parking Brakes
141
2.4.13.20
Fire Extinguishers
144
2.4.13.21
General Operating Conditions
144
2.4.13.22
Tank Vehicle Operation
14H
2.4.13.23
Loading and Unloading
148
(ix)
I
DEFINITIONS USED IN SECTION 2.4 - FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS
Approved means acceptable to the Authority having jurisdiction.
Atmospheric Tank means a storage tank which has been designed to
operate at pressures from atmospheric through 0.5 psig.
Baffle
means a non-liquid tight transverse partition in a cargo tank.
Bulk Plant means that portion of a property where flammable or .
combustible liquids are received by tank vessel, pipe
tank car, or tank truck
line~,
and are stored or blended in
bulk for the purpose of distributing such liquids by tank
vessel, pipe line, tank car, tank truck or container.
Cargo tank
means any tank having a capacity of more than 100 gallons
used for carrying of flammable or combustible liquids or
asphalt and mounted permanently or otherwise upon a tank truck.
Chemical plant
means a plant or portion thereof other than a
refinery or distillery where flammable or combustible liquids
are produced by chemical reactions or used in chemical reactions.
Closed container
means a container, so sealed by means of a lid or
other device that neither liquid nor vapour can escape from
it at ordinary temperatures.
Combustible liquid -
See liquids.
Compartment means a liquid-tight division in a cargo tank.
Consumer outlet means any premises at which gasoline or an associated
product of the operator of the outlet, is put into the fuel
tanks of motor vehicles used by the operator of the outlet or
into portable containers used by the operator of the outlet.
Container -
See closed container.
(x~
/
Crude petroleum
means hydrocarbon mixtures that have a flash point
below l50 0 F. and which have not been processed in a refinery.
Distillery
means a plant or that portion of a plant where flammable
or combustible liquids produced by fermentation are concentrated, and where the concentrated products may also be mixed,
stored, or packaged.
Drum
means a container having a capacity of less than 50 gallons but
more than 10 gallons.
Fire area means an area of a building separated from the remainder
of the building by _construction having a fire resistance
ra~ing
of at least one hour and having all communicating openings
protected by closures having a fire resistance rating of at
least 3/4 hour.
Flammable aerosol means an aerosol which is required to be labelled
'''Flammable'' under the Canadian Hazardous Substances Labelling
Act.
For the purposes of this Code, such aerosols are considered
flammable liquids with a flash point below 730F .
Flammable liquid
means any liquid having a flash point below 100 0 F
and having a vapour pressure not exceeding 40 pounds per square
inch "(absolute) at 100°F.
Flash Point
as applied to flammable and combustible liquids means
the minimum temperature at which it gives off vapour in
I
sufficient concentration to form an ignitible mixture with air
near the surface of the liquid within the vessel as specified
by the appropriate test procedure and apparatus as follows:
The flash point of liquids having a viscosity less than 45 SUS
at 100°F.
(37.8 o C.) and a flash point below 200 0 F.
(93.4 o C.)
shall be determined in accordance with the Standard Method of
(
(xi)
Test for Flash Point by the Tag Closed Tester, ASTM D-56-70.
The flash point of liquids having a viscosity of 45 SUS or
more at 100oF.
(37. BOC.) or a flash point of 200 o F.
(93. 4 o c.)
or higher shall be determined in accordance with the Standard
Method of Test for Flash Point by the Pensky-Martens Closed
Tester, ASTM D-93-7l.
Gallon
means the Canadian standard gallon as defined under the
Canadian Weights and Measures Act 1951 as amended 8 July 1959.
Liquid
means any material which has a fluidity greater than that
of 300 penetration asphalt when tested in accordance with ASTM
Test for Penetration of Bituminous Materials, D-5-65.
When
not otherwise identified, the term liquid shall include both
flammable and combustible liquids.
Combustible liquid shall mean
at or above 100oF.
any liquid having a flash point
(37.B o C.)
Unstable (reactive) liquid shall mean
a liquid which in the
pure state or as commercially produced or transported will
vigorously polymerize, decompose, condense, or will become
self-reactive under conditions of shock, pressure, or temperature.
Low pressure tank means a storage tank which has been designed to
operate at pressures above 0.5 psig but above 15 psig.
Marine service station means any premises at which gasoline or an
associated product is sold and put into the fuel tanks of motor
boats or other watercraft or into portable containers.
Portable container
means an approved container that has a capacity
of 10 gallons or less, that is designed, manufactured and used
or to be .used for the storage) use or conveyance "flammable"
or "combustible" liquids, but excludes a 'container which
is integral with or attached to any appliance or equipment.
(xii)
(
Pressure Vessel
means storage tank which has been designed to
operate at pressures above 15 psig.
Reactive Liquid
Refinery
See Unstable liquid
means a plant in which flammable or combustible liquids
are produced on a commercial scale from crude petroleum,
natural gasoline, or other hydrocarbon sources.
Safety Can
means an approved portable container, of not more than
five gallons capacity, having a spring-closing lid and spout
cover and so designed that it will relieve internal pressure
when subjected to fire exposure.
Service station
means any premises at which gasoline or an associated
product is sold and is put into the fuel tanks of vehicles
or into portable containers and shall include marine service
stations.
Semi-trailer means a conveyance designed for carrying goods and so
constructed that a part of the conveyance rests upon part of a
tractor.
Stake truck
means a motor vehicle equipped with a platform and
normally used for the transportation of packaged goods.
Storage tank
means a closed vessel installed either aboveground or
below ground in a fixed location.
Tank truck means a motor vehicle having one or more tanks mounted on
the frame or chassis of the vehicle.
Tractor
means a motor vehicle designed to provide motive power for
a semi-trailer.
(xiii)
Trailer
means a vehicle designed for carrying goods and so constructed
that it is drawn by a motor vehicle but no part of it rests
upon the motor vehicle.
Vapour pressure
means the pressure, measured in pounds per square
inch absolute exerted by a liquid, as determined by the Standard
Method of Test for Vapour Pressure of Petroleum Products
(Reid Method), ASTM D-323-68.
Vehicle
shall include a tank truck, stake truck, trailer, semi-trailer,
tractor and other conveyance designed for, or capable of,
transporting flammable or combustible liquids.
(xiv)
SECTION 2.4
2.4.1
FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS
SCOPE AND APPLICATION
2.4.1.1.,
This Section applies specifically to the Storage, Handling,
Use and Sale of Flammable and Combustible Liquids except
those that are solid at 1000F. or above.
2.4.1.2.
The flash point of flammable and combustible liquids shall
be determined in accordance with the standard method of test
for flash point given in the definitions.
2 .4. 1 • 3 •
The authority having jurisdiction may impose additional
requirements beyond those stipulated in Section 2.4 if considered
necessary for the safe storage and use of liquids which have
unusual burning characteristics, are subject to self-ignition
when exposed to the air, are highly. reactive with othe'~
substances, are subject to
explosiv~
decomposition, or have
other hazardous properties.
2.4.1.4.
(1)
This Section shall not apply to:
The transportation of flammable or combustible liquids
when in conformity with the regulations of the Canadian
Transport Commission;
(2)
The design, construction & installation of fuel oil tanks
and piping connected with oil
bu~ning
equipment and
within the scope of C.S.A. Standard B139-l97l; Installation
Code for Oil Burning Equipment.
(3)
The installation, piping, storage and handling of liquefied
petroleum gases
~n
tanks and cylinders connected with gas
burning equipment and within the scope of C.S.A. Standard
2 :'
B149.2-1969 & Supplement No.2;
Installation Code for
Propane Burning Appliances & Equipment.
(4)
The Production Storage and Handling of Liquified Natural
Gas, CSA Z276-1972;
(5)
The storage of flammable or combustible liquids on farms
and isolated construction projects, and;
(6)
liquids such
~s
certain halogenated hydrocarbons and
mixtures containing hydrocarbons which are without flash
points, but may be flammable under certain conditions.
2.4.2
REGISTRATION
A licence shall be required:
2.4.2.1
NOTE:
(1)
to operate a Service Station or Marine Service Station;
(2)
t~!
(3)
to transport either flammable or combustible lig,uids.
operate a Bulk Plant; or
Suggested forms for the original application;
the licence
itself and for a renewal application are given in Appendix
2.4.2.2.
Licences referred to in 2.4.2.1.
(1) and (2) shall at all
times be displayed in a conspicuous position on the licenced
premises and licences referred to in 2.4.2.1.
carried with the licenced vehicle.
(3) shall be
--
3.
DRUMS AND PORTABLE CONTAINERS, DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION,
2.4.3
STORAGE, HANDLING, USE AND SALE
2.4.3.1. SCOPE
(1)
This Subsection shall apply to the design and construction
of drums and portable containers and the storage, handling,
use and sale of flammable or combustible liquids in drums
or containers, not exceeding 50 gallons individual capacity and
including flammable aerosols, excepting as listed under
2.4.3.1. (2) below.
(2)
This Subsection shall not apply to the storage, handling,
use and sale of the following:
(a)
Drums or containers in service stations, bulk plants,
refineries,chemica1 plants, distilleries, and commercial
and manufacturing plants.
(b)
Flammable liquids in the fuel tanks of vehicles, portable
or stationary engines.
(c)
Flammable or combustible paints, oils, varnishes and
similar mixtures used for the painting, decoration or
maintenance of buildings when not kept for a period in
excess of 30 days, and
(d)
Alcoholic beverages, foods, drugs, or medicines when
packaged in portable containers.
2.4.3.2
DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, AND CAPACITY OF DRUMS OF PORTABLE
CONTAINERS
(1)
Only drums and portable containers
be used.
tha~
are approved shall
4.
(2) Drums and portable containers meeting the requirements
of and containing products authorized by the following
shall be deemed to be acceptable:
(a) metal drums and portable containers meeting the
requirements of the Canadian Transport Commission
Regulations for the Transportation of Dangerous
Commodities.
(b)
Portable
co~tainers
of metal or plastic for petroleum
fuels meeting the requirements of C.S.A. Standard
B252-l97l; Portable Metal Containers for Gasoline and
other
(c)
Pet~oleum
Fuels;
and B144-l972 Portable Plastic
Containers for Petroleum Fuels respectively; or Petroleum
Fuels.
safety cans listed by the Underwriters' Laboratories
of Canada.
(3)
Except as provided in 2.4.3.2.(2) and 2.4.3.2.(4), all
flammable or combustible liquids in drums and portable
containers shall be distinctly marked or labelled in
easily legible type, which is in contrast to any other
printed matter on the label, to read:
WARNING!
FLAMMABLE
Keep away from heat, sparks and open flames
Keep closed when not in use.
(4)
Such markings as referred to in 2.4.3.2.(3) are not required
when the drum of portable container is labelled as to
\
hazard in accordance with the requirements of the Canadian
Transport Commission Regulations for the Transportation
of Dangerous Commodities or the Hazardous Products
(Hazardous Substances) Regulations of Canada P.C. '1970-373
5 •
(5)
The storage, handling and use and sale of flammable
or combustible liquids in glass or plastic portable
containers other than in Sentence (2) above shall only
be permitted when reagents of electrolytic purity are
required or upon presentation of satisfactory proof that
the storage in metal containers would adversely affect
their chemical purity.
(6)
The storage, handling, use and sale of flammable or
combustible liquids
in plastic portable containers of more
than 1 pint capacity shall only be outdoors.
2.4.3.3.
(1)
STORAGE, HANDLING, USE AND SALE INSIDE BUILDINGS
The quantity of flammable or combustible liquids stored,
handled or used in drums or portable containers shall comply
with the requirements of Sentences 2.4.3.3. (3)
-
(8),
except that the authority having jurisdiction may impose
a lesser quantity limitation or require greater fire
protection where an unusual hazard to life or property is
involved.
Similarly increase of the quantities stipulated
may be authorized where the type of construction, fire
protection provided, or other factors substantially reduce
the hazard.
(2)
Flammable or combustible liquids including stdck for sale
shall not be stored in or adjacent to exits, elevators or
means of egress.
(3)
Assembly Occupancies, Apartments and
Hotel~:
In assembly occupancies, apartments and hotels,
the storage
6.
of more than 10 gallons of liquids with a flash point·
below l40 o F. or more than 50 gallo?s of liquids with a
flash point of 140 0 F or above shall be in portable
containers stored in an approved storage cabinet conforming
to Article 2.3.4 or in an inside storage room conforming
to Article 2.4.3.5 not having an opening communicating
directly with that portion of the building used by the
public.
(4)
Office, Educational and Institutional Occupancies:
(a)
In office, educational and institutional occupancies
only quantities of flammable or combustible liquids
approved as essential for the operation of office
equipment, maintenance, demonstration,
treatment or
laboratory work shall be permitted to be stored.
(b)
Any storage permitted in (a) above shall be kept in
approved metal closed containers, stored in an
approved storage cabinet conforming to Article 2.4.3.4,
in safety cans or in an
approv~d
inside storage room
conforming to Article 2.4.3.5 not having an openi?g
communicating directly with that portion of the building
used by the public.
(5)
Laboratories:
(a)
Individual containers used in laboratories for flammable
liquids shall conform to Article 2.4.3.2 and not exceed
a capacity of 1 gallon;
7.
(b)
-
Not more than 10 gallons of flammable liquids shall
be stored in laboratories outside of an approved
storage cabinet conforming to Article 2.4.3.4 or an
approved inside storage room
2.4.3.5;
(c)
conforming to Article
and
Not more than 50 gallons of combustible liquids shall
be stored in laboratories outside of an approved
storage cabinet conforming to Article 2.4.3.4 or an
approved inside storage room conforming to Article
2.4.3.5
(6)
Mercantile Occupancies and Retail Stores:
(a)
In rooms or areas accessible to the public, in
mercantile occupancies and retail stores, storage
of flammable or combustible liquids shall be limited
to quantities needed for displdy and merchandising
purposes but shall not exceed 2 gallons per square
foot of gross floor area.
The gross floor area used
for computing the maximum 4uantity permitted shall
be considered as that portion of the store actually
being used for merchandising flammable or combustible
liquids.
NOTE:
Materials needed for display and
rlJlI«....
merchandising purposesGou;Ybe restricted to one
case of each brand name and each side displayed.
(b)
When the aggregate quantity of stock in addition to
that needed for display & merchandising purposes
exceeds 50 gallons of flammable liquids , 200 gallons
8.
of combustible liquids with a flash point below l40 o F.
or 400 gallons of combustible liquids or any combination of flammable and combustible liquids exceeding
200 gallons provided the individual aggregate quantities
of each 'are not exceeded, it shall be stored in an
inside
stor~ge
room
of Article 2.4.3.5.
complying with the requirements
For watermiscible liquids, these
quantities may be doubled.
(c)
Portable containers in the display area shall not be
stacked more than 3 feet or two containers high,
whichever is the greater, on either the ground or fixed
shelving unless secured in an approved manner.
(d)
Shelving in mercantile occupancies and retail stores
shall be of stable construction and of sufficient
depth and arrangement that the containers displayed
thereon shall not be easily displaced.
(e)
Any leaking container shall be immediately removed to
a safe location outside the building and the spillage
cleaned up immediately.
(7)
Industrial Buildings:
(a)
Storage of flammable and combustible liquids in
industrial buildings shall comply with the requirements
of Table 2.4.3.3.(7) and (b),
(c) and
(d) in those
portions of buildings used for such storage
subdivided by a separation
shall be
having a minimum fire
resistance rating of I hour.
(b)
Other combustible materials shall not be stored
adjacent to flammable or combustible liquids.
9•
TABLE 2.4.3.3.(7)
INDOOR CONTAINER STORAGE IN INDUSTRIAL
BUILDINGS
Unprotected
Protected Storage*
Maximum Per Pile
Maximum Per Pile
Gals.
Height
Gals. Height
(see
(c»
(see (c»
S£-or-age
-- ... ~-
(1)
Ground &
,
Upper Floors ;
Flammable:
Flash Point
73 0 F to < 100F
--+---------+-~-
Basement
_ _n _______
.- ------_.__ ..... _---+
----.------~-
Basement
I
Combustible:
Flash Point
~ l40 o F.
Ground &
Upper Floors
-----------1
*
A
s~rinkler
1
-
3,775
(75)
-- ------
13,500
(300)
(1)
-----------~--
(3)
9 ft.
(3)
45,000
(1,000)
15 ft.
(1)
-
9 ft.
4,500
(100)
3 ft.
NOT PERMITTED
NOT PERMITTED
~
3 ft.
--
6 ft.
(2)
- - - +___________ . _______
Ground &
Upper Floors
Combustible:
Flash Point
< l40 0 F
13,500
(300)
-
-
NOT PERMITTED
NOT PERMITTED
- ,-
~-
540
(12)
3 ft.
2,250
(50 )
(5)
3,775
(75)
9 ft.
(3)
NOT PERMITTED
11,250
(250)
12 ft.
(4 )
,
Basement
6,750
( 15 9)
9 ft.
NOT PERMITTED
(3)
or equivalent fire protection
syste~
installed in
accordance with Part 4 and approved by the Authority having
jurisdiction.
(Numbers in parentheses indicate corresponding number
of 45 gallon drums).
10.
(c)
When two or m6re classes of flammable or combustible
liquids are stored in a single pile, the maximum
gallonage permitted in that pile shall be the
smallest of the two or more separate maximum gallonages.
(d)
Aisles shall be no more than 12 feet from any
container.
Main aisles shall be at least 8 feet wide
and side aisles at least 4 feet wide.
(e)
Each pile shall be separated from each other by at
least 4 feet.
(8)
Flammable and Combustible Liquid Storage Buildings:
(a)
If the storage building is located 50 feet or less from
another building or the property line, the exposing
wall shall have a fire-resistance rating of at least
2 hours with any opening protected by an approved
closure.
This distance may be altered at the discretion
of the Authority having jurisdiction after consideration
of the height, size and character of construction and
occupancy of the exposed buildings.
(b)
The total quantity of flammable or combustible liquids
within a building shall not be restricted, but the arrangement of storage shall comply with Table 2.4.3.3.(7).
11.
(c)
Containers in piles shall be separated by
p~llets
or noncombustible dunnage when necessary to provide
I
stability and to prevent excessive stress on container'
walls.
(d)
No pile shall be closer than 3 feet to the nearest
beam, chord, girder or other obstruction.
be a minimum
c1e~rance
of 3
fe~t
.
'
There shall
below sprinkler
deflectors or discharge orifices of water-spray, or
other overhead fire protection systems.
(e)
Aisles at least 4 feet wide shall be provided for
access to
2.4.3.4
doors'~ind~and
.
standpipe connections.
DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, AND CAPACITY OF CABINETS FOR THE STORAGE
OF FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID, PORTABLE CONTAINERS.
(1)
Portable containers having
a total capacity of not more
than 50 gallons of flammable liquids or not more than 100
gallons of combustible liquids may be stored in a cabinet
conforming to the requirements of S~ntence 2.4 below.
When
approved by the Authority having jurisdiction, as many as
3 cabinets may be located in a single fire area.
(2)
Storage cabinets shall be of an approved design and constructed
to limit the internal temperature to not more than 32S o F. when
subjected 'to a 10 minute fire test using the standard
tim~
temperature curve as set forth in C.S.A. Standard B54.3-1964
Methods of Fire Tests of Walls, Partitions, Floors, Roof,
Ceilings, Columns, Beam and Girders.
All joints and seams
shall remain tight and the door shall remain securely closed
12.
during the fire test.
Cabinets shall be labelled in .
-...
\
conspicuous lettering, "FLAMMABLE - KEEP FIRE AWAY".
(3)
Metal cabinets constructed in the following manner shall
be deemed to be in compliance with Sentence (2).
The
bottom, top, doqr and sides of cabinet shall be at least
0.0418 in. sheet steel and double walled with l!-inch
air space.
Joints shall be, riveted or welded.
The door
shall be provided with a three-point lock, and the door
sill shall be raised at least 2 inches above the bottom
of the cabinet.
(4)
Wooden cabinets constructed
in the following manner shall
be deemed in compliance with Sentence (2) above.
The bottom,
sides and top shall be constructed of an approved grade
of plywood at least 1 inch in thickness, which shall not
break down or delaminate under the fire test conditions.
All joints shall be rabbetted and shall be fastened in
two directions with flathead wood screws.
When more than
one door is used, there shall be a rabbetted overlap of not
less than I inch.
Hinges shall be mounted in such a
manner as to not lose their holding capacity due to loosening
or burning-out of the screws when subjected to the fire test.
2.4.3.5
DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF INSIDE STORAGE ROOMS FOR THE STORAGE
AND HANDLING OF FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID CONTAINERS.
(1)
Inside storage rooms shall have a fire separation from the
remainder of the building as given in the Table 2.4.3.5(1)
below:
13.
--~~
- - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - . - - - - . -- - - - - -"T
FIRE
RESISTANCE
OF ENCLOSURE"
IN HOURS
AUTOMATIC
FIRE
PROTECTION
PROVIDED*
.- - - ---
MAXIMUM ROOM
SIZE, SQ. FT.
MAXIMUM TOTAL
QUANTITIES OF LIQUID
GALS./SQ. FT.
OF FLOOR AREA
- - - - ----
--------;---------+----- with system
2 hour
500 sq. ft.
2 hour
500 sq. ft.
1 hour
150 sq. fto
~~~~~_~________________ l __~~__::~ ___ ~~~_____
1 hou'r
*
--
-.----
8
I
I
4
4
L_______________.__
2______ _
Automatic fire protection provided shall be an approved system of
sprinklers,
(2)
w~ter
spray, carbon dioxide, dry chemical or Halon.
The room shall be liquid-tight where the waIfs join the
floor.
(3)
Openings to other rooms or buildings shall be provided with
noncombustible liquid-tight raised sills or ramps at least
4 inches above the surrounding floor, and shall be protected
with approved self-closing fire doors.
An open-grated trench
inside of the room which drains to a € e
locati~
,p.
may
DII(s
substituted for the sill or ramp.
(4)
OrJtI,,,-
v,.J06
Shelving, racks, dunnage, scuffboards, floor overlay and
similar installations shall be of noncombustible material
except that wood at least 1 inch nominal thickness may be
used.
(5)
Electrical wiring and equipment located in inside storage
rooms used for flammable liquids shall be approved for Class
1, Division 2 Locations and for combustible liquids, shall
be approved for general use.
(/,1p
,-"fl O
14.
NOTE:
The Canadian Electrical Code, C.S.A. C22.11972
pro~ides
information on the design and
installation of electrical equipment.
(6)
Every inside storage room shall be provided with either
a gravity or a continuous mechanical exhaust ventilation
system designed to prevent the accumulation of vapour~air
mixtures in a
c~ncentration
over 1/5 of the lower flammable
limit and meeting the requirements of (a)-(g) below.
(a)
Mechanical ventilation shall be used if flammable liquids
are dispensed within the room.
(b)
exhaust air
shall be taken from a point near a wall
on one side of the room and within 12 inches of the
floor with one or more make-up air inlets located on
the opposite side of the room within 12 inches from
the floor.
The location of both the exhaust and inlet
air openings shall be arranged to provide
air movement
across all portions of the floor to prevent accumulation
of flammable vapours;
(c)
exhaust air from the room shall be discharged to the
outdoors directly;
(d)
if ducts are used, they shall not be used for any other
purpose and shall comply with the requirements of Part
6 of the National Building Code of Canada;
(e)
if make-up air to a mechanical system is taken from within
the building, the duct opening shall be provided with
an approved damp,er;
15.
(f)
make-up air for gravity systems shall be supplied
directly from the outside of the building; and
(g)
Mechanical ventilation shall provide at least 1 cfm
of exhaust
~ir
per square foot of floor area, but not
less than 150 cfm.
2.4.3.6
(1)
CONTAINER STORAGE IN INSIDE STORAGE ROOMS
In every inside storage room there shall be maintained one
clear aisle at least 3 feet wide.
(2)
Containers over 25 gallons capacity, containing liquids
with a flash point below 140 F. shall not be stacked
one upon the other.
(3)
Dispensing shall be by an approved pump or through an
approved self-closing faucet.
2.4.3.7
(1)
CONTAINER STORAGE IN OUTDOOR STORAGE AREAS
The quantity of flammable or combustible liquids stored in
containers in outdoor storage area shall be in accordance
with Table 2.4.3.7.(1) and Sentences 2.4.3.7.(2) to (7)
inclusive.
\
16.
------- - -
-,
-- - -- --- - - ------------------------ ----TABLE 2.4.3.7.(1)
OUTDOOR CONTAINER STORAGE
--- -
---------------_..
-
1
Maximum
Total Quantity
Liquid per
Pile (Gallons)
Liquid
Minimum
Clearance
I Minimum
to Street,
Distance
clearance
Alley or
Between Piles,1 to Property!
Public
i
f~_._ _+-L1ne_~::-j-W~Y-f-t
_____
---------Flammable: Flash
Point < 73 0 F.
1,000
5
20
10
Flammable: Flash
POint 73 0 F. to
< 100oF.
3,500
5
20
10
Combustible: Flash
Po in t < l40 o F.
7,000
5
10
.
5
I
"
Combustible: Flash
Point ~ 140 o F.
(2)
17,500
5
10
5
When two or more liquids of different flash points stored
in a single pile, the maximum total gallonage in that pile
shall be the smallest of the two or more separate gallonages
based on the storage requirement for the more hazardous
liquid.
(3)
Within 200 feet of , each container, there shall be a 10-foot
wide access way to permit approach of the fire department
apparatus.
(4)
If adjacent property constitutes a fire exposure hazard to
the outdoor storage area and there is no fire protection
available for such exposures, the clearances to the adjoining
property line given in Table 2.4.3.7(1) shall be doubled.
17.
(5)
When the total quantity of liquids stored outdoors does not
exceed 50% of the maximum per pile permitted in Table 2.4.7.3.(1)
the clearances to the property line, street, alley or public
way may be halved but not reduced to less than 3 feet.
(6)
A maximum of 1,000 gallons of flammable or combustible liquids
may be stored adjacent to buildings located on the same
premises and under the.same management provided that the
buildings shall either be one storey high and used for the
storage and handling of flammable or combustible liquids,
or shall have the two adjacent walls with a fire resistance
rating of at least 2 hours and having no opening within 10
feet of such storage.
(7)
The outdoor storage area shall be either graded in a manner
to divert possible spills away from buildings and other adjacent
property shall be surrounded by a curb at least 6 inches high.
When curbs are used, drains shall be provided to prevent
any accumulation of ground or rain water or spills of
flammable or combustible liquids. Drains shall terminate at
a safe location remote from the outdoor storage area
shall not:
pub~ic
(a)
create a hazard to
health or safety;
(b)
contaminate any fresh water source or waterway;
(c)
interfere with the rights of any person; and
(d)
allow entry of liquids into the sewer system or
underground stream, or drainage system.
~nd
18.
(8)
Where there is a possibility that the conditions
under (a)
(b)
list~d
(c) ot (d) in (7) above might occur, approved
vented traps shall be provided and maintained.
2.4.3.8
(1)
FIRE PROTECTION
~all
hose
q
~p~rtable
fire extinguishers, shall be
available at locations where flammable or combustible liquids
a~e
(2)
stored.
At least one portable fire extinguisher having a rating of
not less than 10-B units shall be located outside but not
more then 10 feet from the door opening into any inside
storage room.
(3)
At least one portable fire extinguisher having
~
rating of
not less than 10-B units shall be located not less than 10
feet, nor more than 25 feet,
from any flammable inside liquid
storage area located outside an inside storage room.
(4)
All fire equipment shall be installed in accordance with the
requirements of Part 4.
2.4.3.9
(1)
CARE AND CLEANLINESS
Drums and portable containers shall be inspected frequently
for leaks and any spilled liquid flushed away promptly to a
safe location in accordance with 2.4.3. (7) and (8), or soaked up
with an approved noncombustible absorbent, and the latter
disposed of in an approved manner.
(2)
In all areas where flammable or combustible liquids are stored
or handled:
19.
(a)
scrupulous care and cleanliness shall be maiptained;
(b)
co-mbustible materials other than those essential to
operations, shall not be permitted;
(c)
the use of open flames or spark producing devices shall
be prohibited;
(d)
and
cleaning rags shall be stored in approved type selfclosing type waste cans.
(3)
Outdoor areas used for the storage and handling of flammable
or combustible liquids:
(a)
shall be kept clear of grass, weeds, and other combustibles;
(b)
where necessary to prevent the entry of unauthorized
/
personnel, the storage area shall be fenced in an
approved manner.
2.4.3.10
SMOKING
Smoking shall be strictly prohibited in all flammable or combustible
liquid storage and handling areas.
"NO SMOKING" signs shall be
prominently posted.
2.4.3.11
STATIC PROTECTION
Containers used for dispensing flammable liquids shall be electrically
bonded or grounded during the transfer of liquids inside buildings
in accordance with
2.4.4
TANK STORAGE
2.4.4.1
(1)
DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF STORAGE TANKS
Materials
'(a)
Storage tanks shall be built of steel except as required
in (b) and (c).
20.
(b)
Storage tanks may
b~
built of materials other than
steel for installation aboveground subject to the
specific approval of the authority having jurisdiction
unless they are only used for the storage of combustible
liquids with a flash point 200 0 F or over where they
are not exposed to any spill or leak of a flammable
or combustible liquid of flash point below 200 o F.
(c)
Storage tanks built of materials other than steel shall
be designed to specifications embodying principles
recognized as good engineering design for the material
used and shall be approved by the authority having
jurisdiction.
(d)
Unlined concrete storage tanks may be used for storing
flammable or combustible liquids having a gravity of 35
degrees API or less concrete storage tanks with an
approved special lining may be used for other services
provided the design is in accordance with sound engineering
practice.
(e)
Storage tanks may have either combustible or noncombustible linings.
(f)
Special engineering consideration shall be required if
the specific gravity of the liquid to be stored exceeds
that of water or if the storage tanks are designed to
contain flammable or combustible liquids at liquid
temperatures below zero degrees F.
21.
(2)
Atmospheric Storage Tanks:
(a)
Atmospheric storage shall be built in accordance with
the following standards of design:
(1)
Underwriters' Laboratories of Canada Standard
for Shop Fabricated Steel Aboveground Tanks for
Flammable and Combustible Liquids, ULC-142-l972;
(ii) Underwriters' Laboratories of Canada Standard for
Steel Inside Tanks for Oil-Burner Fuel, ULe 801960;
(iii) Canadian Standards Association Standard Z-87-l965,
or Underwriters' Laboratories of Canada Standard
for Steel Underground Tanks for Flammable Liquids
and Combustible Liquids, ULC-58-l972;
(iv) American Petroleum Institute Standards No. l2A,
Specification for Oil Storage Tanks with Riveted
Shells, Seventh Edition, September 1951 or No.
650, Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage, Fourth
Edition, 1970;
(v)
or
American Petroleum Institute Standards
No. l2B,
Specification for Bolted Production Tanks, Eleventh
Edition, May 1958 and Supplement 1,April 1962; No.
l2D, Specification for Large Welded Production Tanks,
Seventh Edition, August 1957;
or No. 12F, Specifi-
cation for Small Welded Production Tanks, Sixth
Edition, March 1968.
Tanks built in accordance with
"
these standards shall be
used only as
tanks for storage
areas.
production
oil-producing
22.
(b)
Low pressure storage tanks and pressure vessels
~ay
be
used as atmospheric tanks.
(c)
Atmospheric storage tanks shall not be used for the
storage of a flammable or combustible liquid at a
temperature at or above its boiling point.
(3)
Low Pressure Storage Tanks:
(a)
The normal operating pressure of the storage tank shall
not exceed the design pressure of the tank.
(b)
Low pressure storage tanks shall be built in accordance
with approved standards of design.
Low pressure storage
tanks may be built in accordance with:
(i)
American Petroleum Institute Standard No. 620,
Recommended Rules for the Design and Construction
of Large, Welded, Low-Pressure Storage Tanks,
Fourth Edition 1970; or
(ii) The principles of the Code for Unfired Pressure
Vessels, Section VIII, Division 1 of the
ASME
Boiler and Pressure Vessels Code, 1971 Edition.
(4)
Pressure Storage Tanks
(a)
Pressure vessels may be used as low pressure storage
(b)
The normal operating pressure of the vessel shall not
tan~~.
exceed the design pressure of the vessel.
(c)
Pressure vessels shall be built and inspected in accordance
with C.S.A. B51-1969 Code as amended 1972 for the
Construction and Inspection of Boilers and Pressure Vessels.
,-
23.
(5)
Provisions for Internal Corrosion:
If corrosion is anticipated beyond that provided for in the
standards or design formulae used, additional metal
thickness or suitable protective coatings or linings shall
be provided to compensate for the corrosion loss expected
during the design life of the tank.
2.4.4.2 - INSTALLATION OF OUTSIDE ABOVEGROUND STORAGE TANKS
(1)
Location with Respect to Property Lines and Buildings:
(a)
Every aboveground storage tank for the storage of
flammable and combustible liquids shall be located with
respect to property lines and buildings in accordance
with Table 2.4.4.2.(1)(a).
*TABLE 2.4.4.2.(1)(a)
LOCATION OF BULK STORAGE TANKS ABOVE GROUND
Tank Capacity,
Gallons
501 to 1,000
Minimum Distance Storage
Tank Shell to Centre
Line of Dike
***
One-half the tank height*
1,001 to 50,000
50,001 to 100,000
100,000 to 500,000 ,
10 feet or one-half tank
500,001 to 1,000,000 I1
height, whichever is
over 1,000,000
greater
>
Minimum Distance,of
Storage Tank
I " Shell to Nearest
I
! Building or to Property
Line, feet
10**
10
15
30
40
SO
* When diking necessary for compliance with Sub-section 2.4.4.6.
** For Combustible Liquids may be 3 feet
24.
***
Where the clearance required to the
~entre
line of dike
exce~ds
that required to the nearest building or property line the
clearance to the dike shall prevail.
(b)
Where end failure of horizontal storage tanks may
endanger adjacent property, the tanks shall be placed
with the longitudinal axis parallel to such property
(c)
The
~pacing
of storage tanks for special purposes
requiring special engineering design shall be subject
to the specific approval in writing by the Authority
having jurisdiction.
(2)
Spacing (Shell-to-Shell) Between Aboveground Storage Tanks:
(a)
Any two aboveground storage tanks for flammable or
combustible liquids shall have a clear space between
them of not less than that specified in Table 2.4.4.2.
(2)(a).
TABLE 2.4.4.2.(2)(a)
SPACING BETWEEN BULK STORAGE TANKS ABOVE GROUND
Capacity of Storage Tanks
Tanks of equal capacity neither
of which exceeds 50,000 gallons.
Minimum Clear Air-Space
3 feet
Tanks of unequal capacity and
only one of which exceeds 50,000
gallons.
One-half the diameter of the
smaller tank but not in any event
less than 3 feet.
Tanks of equal capacity each
exceeding 50,000 gallons.
One-half the diameter of either
tank.
Tanks of unequal capacity each
exceeding ~O,OOO gallons.
One-half the diameter of the
smaller tank.
25.
Tanks of any capacity.
------------------------------------
(b)
The greater of (a) the distance
prescribed above or (b) the
full diameter of the smaller
tank (where the tanks are of
unequal capacity).
---------------------
--- ---- ---
When tanks storing flammable or combustible liquids
of flash point below 200 0 F. are arranged in three or
more rows or in an irregular' pa t tern, grea ter spacing
or other means shall be provided at the discretion of
the authority having jurisdiction so that inside
tanks are accessible for fire fighting purposes.
This
shall not be required when storage tanks are used only
for combustible liquids of flash point above 200 F. and
are not within a diked area or drainage path for a tank
or tanks storing flammable or combustible
l~quids
with
a flash point below 140 F.
(c)
The minimum separation between a liquefied petroleum
gas cylinder or tank and a flammable or combustible
liqui~
storage tank shall be 20 feet.
(d)
Means such as diversion curbs or grading shall be taken
to prevent any possible accumulation of flammable or
combustible liquids under adjacent liquefied petroleum
gas cylinders or tanks.
(e)
Liquefied petroleum gas cylinders or tanks shall not
be located inside diked storage areas for flammable or
combustible liquids and shall be a minimum distance of
10 feet away from the centre line of the wall of the
diked area.
26
2.4.4.3
(1)
NORMAL VENTING FOR ABOVEGROUND STORAGE'TANKS
Atmospheric storage tanks shall be vented to prevent the
development of a vacuum or pressure sufficient either to
distort the roof of a cone roof tank, or to exceed the
design pressure, as a result of
f~lling,
emptying, or
atmospheric temperature changes.
(2)
Normal vents shall be sized in a~cordance with:
(a)
the tank design standards listed in Article 2.4.4.1; or
(b)
American Petroleum Institute Standard No. 2000-1968,
Venting Atmospheric and Low Pressure Storage Tanks, and
shall be of sufficient size to permit free outflow or
inflow of vapour or air during normal filling or emptying
operations.
(3)
Low-pressure storage tanks and pressure storage tanks shall
be vented to prevent the development of a vacuum or pressure
sufficent to exceed the design pressure as a result of
filling, emptying or atmospheric temperature changes.
Tank
protection shall also be provided to prevent overpressure
from any pump discharging into the storage tank.
(4)
Storage tanks for flammable liquids with a flash point below
73 0 F. shall be equipped with venting devices which shall
be normally closed except when venting under excess pressure
or vacuum conditions.
(5)
Storage tanks of 3,000 barrels capacity or less containing
crude petroleum and outside aboveground atmospheric tanks
under 800 gallons capacity containing other than flammable
liquids with a flash point below 73 0 F. may have open vents.
27.
2.4.4.4
EMERGENCY RELIEF VENTING FOR FIRE EXPOSURE FOR ABOVEGROUND
STORAGE TANKS
. (I)
Except as provided in (2) below, every aboveground storage
tank shall have some form of construction or device
~o
relieve excessive internal pressure caused by exposure fires.
(2)
Storage tanks of over 10,000
gal~ons
capa~ity
for combustible
liquids with a flash point 200 0 F. and over and not within
either a diked area or the drainage path of flammable or
combustible liquids with a flash point below 20QoF. do not
require emergency venting.
(3)
In a vertical storage tank the construction referred to in
Sentence (I) above may take the form of a floating
~oof,
lifter roof, a weak roof-to-shell seam, or other approved
pressure relieving construction.
The weak roof-to-shell
seam shall be constructed to fail preferential to any other
seam.
(4)
Where entire dependence for emergency relief is placed upon
pressure relieving devices, the total venting capacity of
both normal and emergency vents shall be sufficient to
prevent rupture of the shell or bottom in vertical storage
tanks, or of the shell or heads in horizontal storage tanks.
If unstable liquids are stored, the effects of heat or gas
reSUlting from polymerization, decomposition, condensation,
or self-reactivity shall be taken into account.
The total
capacity of both normal and emergency venting devices shall be
determined by good engineering practice as outlined in the
28.
Appendix to A.P.I. Standard 620.
(5)
Each storage tank venting device installed after 1973 shall'
be stamped with:
(a)
the opening pressure;
(b)
the pressure at which the valve reaches the full open
posi:tion;
(c)
the ~low capacity at the full discharge pressure,
expressed in cfph of air at 60 0 F. and at a pressure
of 14.7 psia.
(6)
The flow capacity of storage tank venting devices 12 in.
and smaller nominal pipe size shall be determined by an
actual test of each type and size of vent.
These flow tests
may be conducted by the manufacturer if the results [email protected]
certified by a qualified testing agency.
The flow capacity
of storage tank venting devices larger than 12 in. nominal
pipe size, including manhole covers with long bolts or
equivalent may be calculated provided that the start to
discharge pressure is actually measured, the rating pressure
and corresponding free orifice area are stated, the word
"calculated" appears on the nameplate, and' the calculation
is based on a flow coefficient of 0.6 applied to the rated
orifice area.
2.(.4.5
(1)
VENT PIPING FOR ABOVEGROUND STORAGE TANKS
Vent piping materials and construction shall be in accordance
with Subsection 2.4.5.
29.
(2)
Vent pipe outlets for storage tanks for flammable liquids
shall terminate outside of buildings, not less than '12 feet
above the adjacent ground level, at least from building
openings, and arranged.so that flammable vapours will not
be trapped by eaves or other obstructions.
(3)
When tank vent piping is manifolded, pipe sizes shall be
such as to discharge, within the pressure limitations of
the system, the vapours they may be required to handle when
manifolded tanks are subject to the same fire exposure.
Storage tank vent piping for combustible liquids with a
flash point 2000F or above shall not be interconnected with
vent piping serving tanks used for storing other flammable
or combustible liquids.
(4)
Vent piping for storage tanks for flammable liquids shall not
be manifolded with vent piping for, tanks storing combustible
liquids unless positive means are provided to prevent the
vapours from the flammable liquids entering tanks storing the
combustible liquids.
2.4.4.6
(1 )
DRAINAGE, DIKES AND WALLS FOR ABOVEGROUND STORAGE TANKS
Drainage, and Diked Areas:
The area surrounding a storage tank
or group of tanks shall be drained according to Sentence (2)
or shall be diked in accordance with Sentence (3), to prevent
accidental discharge of liquid from endangering adjoining
property or reaching waterways.
30.
(2)
Drainage: Where protection of adjoining property or waterways
is by means of a natural or man-made drainage system, such
systems shall comply with Sentences 2.4.3.7.(7) and (8).
(3)
Diked Areas: Where protection of adjoining property or waterways
is accomplished by designing for the retention of the liquid
around the tank by means of a dike, the diked area shall
comply with the following:
(a)
Except as provided in (b) below, the volumetric capacity
of diked area shall not be less than 110 percent of
the greatest amount of liquid that can be released from
the largest storage tank within the diked area, assuming
a full tank or the capacity of all the other storage
tanks whichever is the greater.
To allow for the volume
occupied by the storage tanks, the capacity of the diked
area enclosing more than one tank shall be calculated
after deducting the volume of the tanks, other than the
largest tank, below the height of the dike;
(b)
or
For a storage tank or group of tanks with fixed roofs
containing crude petroleum with boil-over characterictics,
the volumetric capacity of the diked area shall be not
less than the capacity of the largest storage' tank served
by the enclosure, assuming a full tank. The capacity of
the diked enclosure shall be calculated by deducting
the volume below the height of the dike of all the
storage tanks within the enclobure;
and
31~
(c)
The base and walls of the diked area shall be of
earth, steel, concrete or solid masonry and dikes
shall be designed,
cons~ructed
and maintained so
to be impervious to the liquids being stored, and to
withstand a full hydrostatic head.
The walls of all
earth dykes shall have a flat section at the top not
less than 2 feet wide.
The slope. of an earthen wall
shall be consistent with the angle of repose of the
material with which the wall is made.
This Sentence is
not intended to preclude the use of natural topography;
and
(d)
Except as provided in (e) below, the walls of the diked
area shall be restricted to an average interior height
of 6 feet above interior grade;
(e)
Dikes may be higher than an average of six feet above
the interior grade when provisions are made for normal
and emergency access to storage tanks, valves and other
equipment and safe egress from the diked
(i)
~nclosure.
When either the average height of the dike containing
flammable liquids exceeds 12 feet, measured from
the interior grade, or when the distance between
any tank and the top inside edge of the dike wall
is less than the height of the dike wall, provisions
shall be made for the normal operation of valves
and for access to storage tank roofs at a level not
below the top of the dike.
These provisions may
32.
be met through the use of remote operated valves
and elevated walkways.
(ii) When the height or location of dike walls prevents
fire fighting access to storage tanks containing
flammable or combustible liquids with flash points
beLow 140 o F., atproved fixed fire extinguishing
systems shall be provided on the storage tanks.
(f)
Where provision is made for draining water from diked
areas, drainage shall be\provided in accordance with the
requirements of Sentences 2.4.3.7.(8) and (9).
Control
of drainage shall be accessible under fire exposure
conditions and outside the diked area.
(g)
Combustible materials, other than that used for approved
dike stiles or walkways, empty or full drums or portable
containers shall not be permitted within the diked area.
2.4.4.7
(1)
TANK OPENINGS OTHER THAN VENTS FOR ABOVEGROUND STORAGE TANKS
Each connection to an aboveground storage tank through which
liquid can flow shall be provided with a valve located as
close as practical to the shell.
Such valves and their
connections to the tank, when external, shall be made of
steel except when the chemical characteristics of the liquid
stored are incompatible with steel.
When materials other
than steel are necessary, such materials shall be suitable
for the pressures, structural stresses and temperatures
involved, including those of possible fire exposure.
33.
t~)·
Cauging openings for storage tanks for flammable liquids
i
shall be provided with caps or covers.
Such covers shall
be closed when not gauging.
(3)
Filling and emptying connections for flammable or combustible
liquids with a flash point below 200 o F. which are made and
broken as part of normal operating conditions shall be
located outside of buildings at a location free from any
source of ignition and greater
building opening.
than five feet away from any
Such connections shall be kept closed
and liquid tight when not in use and shall be identified.
2.4.4.8
(I)
INSTALLATION OF UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANKS
Location:
(a)
Excavations for underground storage tanks shall not
undermine foundations of existing structures.
(b)
Building foundations and supports shall not transmit
loads to underground storage tanks.
(c)
Underground storage tanks shall be located:
(i)
not less than three feet from a building or street
line;
(ii) not less than two feet from an adjacent tank;
and
(iii) not less than five feet from a property line, all
measured horizontally.
(d)
Underground storage tanks at any service station or
consumer outlet, shall not have a capacity over 10,000
gallons.
34.
(e)
Underground storage tanks shall be installed so that
the level of any piping connected to the tanks is
below the top of the tanks.
(f)
Underground storage tanks not subjected to vehicular
traffic shall be installed at least two feet below
grade level.
(g)
Subject to Sentence (h)
under~round
storage tanks
subjected to vehicular traffic shall be installed at
least three feet below grade level.
(h)
In lieu of the depth of cover referred to in Sentence
(g), eighteen inches of sand plus six inches of
reinforced concrete or eighteen inches of sand plus
eight inches of unreinforced concrete may be used.
(i)
The concrete slabs referred to in Sentence (h) shall
extend at least one foot horizontally in all directions
beyond the outline of the
(j)
~t0rage
tank.
Subject to Sentence (k) below, and where, by reason of
solid rock
substratum~
or for any other reason acceptable
to the authority havipg jurisdiction, it is not
practicable
t~
comply with (f),
(g) or (h), storage
tanks may be installed so that,
(i)
it is at least
7~
per C2nt below grade level; and
(ii) that portion above grade level is provided with
'a~
~
earth covering of more
(k)
With
spe~ilic
~h~n
two feet thick.
approval in writing trom the authority
having jurisdiction, the 75 per cent referred to in
35.
Sentence (j)
(i) may be reduced to 50 per cent, provided that
the earth cover referred to in Sentence (j)(ii) is increased
to three feet.
(2)
Installation: The installation of storage tanks shall conform
to the following requirements:
(a)
Tests shall be performed by a qualified engineer to
ascertain the soil ,condition relative to corrosion, and
corrosion protection provided in accordance with
Sentence 2.4.4.9,
(b)
Storage tanks shall be inspected at the time of installation, and any damage either to the tanks or to their
protective 'coating shall be repaired before tanks are
installed;
(c)
Storage tanks shall be carefully lowered into the
excavation by use of Jifting lugs and hooks and, where
necessary, by the use of spreader bars, but chains or
slings shall not be used around the tanks and any
m~thod
of handling that might result in damage to the protective
coating of the tank shall not be used.
(d)
After storage tanks have been positioned in the excavation,
and subject to Sentence (f), the tanks and theLr associated
vents shall each be subjected to a recorded 5 psig pressure
test with either air or nitrogen, and,
(i)
Storage tanks and vent lines shall retain the pressure
for a minimum of two hours after the source of
pressure has been removed;
36.
(ii) if a pressure drop is recorded, the storage tanks
and vent lines, shall be inspected to locate every
source of leakage;
(iii) all leaks shall be repaired, and the pressure test
repeated;
(iv) the pressure tests shall be continued until the
requirements of Sentence (d) (i) have been met;
(v)
the records of the pressure test shall be certified
by the owner or his authorized representative and
shall be retained by the owner and kept available
for inspection, and,
(vi) the pressure required shall be measured by an
instrument calibrated in increments not greater than
1/10 p.s.i.
(e)
Storage tanks shall be set on clean sand not less than six
inches in depth and the tanks backfilled with clean sand
free of cinders and stones which is compacted in not greater
than 12 in. layers to maximum density, in a thickness not
less than 12 ins. on each side, each end, and above the tanks.
In certain areas and subject to the specific approval of the
Authority having jurisdiction, crushed stone or stone screenings
may be substituted for the sand.
(f)
If storage tanks are to be held in place with combustible
liquids while being pressure tested in accordance with
Sentence (d), liquid shall not be placed in the tank until
the fill pipe and vent line have been installed in the tank
37.
and until all other openings have been plugged;
(g)
Ballasting of storage tanks as provided for in Sentence
(2)(f) shall not be effected with a flammable liquid;
and
(h)
If spillage occurs when tanks are being filled with a
combust~ble
liquid in accordance with Sentence (2)(f),
resulting in damage to the tank coating, the damage shall
be repaired and all the sand that has been contaminated
by the spilled liquid shall be replaced.
(3)
Instal~ation
of Underground Storage Tanks Subject to Flood or
High Water Conditions:
(a)
Where a high water table is anticipated, underground
storage tanks shall be anchored;
(i)
by the use of concrete slabs under the tanks and
anchor straps;
(ii)
(iii)
(b)
by the use of ground anchors, or
by the use of a concrete slab on top of the tanks.
The concrete slabs referred to in Sentence (3)
(a) shall
be reinforced and the size of the slabs shall be
determined on the basis of tank size, ground cover,
water-table elevation and the calculated up-lift stress
of the tanks when empty.
(c)
Underground storage tanks shall not be placed in direct
contact with the reinforced concrete slabs referred to in
Sentence (3)(a) but shall be separated by the use of
I
wood saddles,a minimum of six inches of sand, or an
inter layer of composite materials.
Wood saddles shall
38.
be designed and located in accordance with good
pra~tice.
engineering
(d)
The strength of the anchor straps and ground anchors
referred to in Sentence (3)(a) shall be calculated for
the stresses indicated in Sentence (3)(b) and shall be
installed in such a manner that the anchor straps and
ground anchors do not interfere with the protective
coating on the tank, and that the straps are not tighter
than hand-tight.
2.4.4.9
(1)
CORROSION PROTECTION OF UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANKS
Corrosion protection for underground storage tanks and their
associated piping shall be provided by one or more of the
following approved methods:
(2)
(a)
Use of protective coatings or wrappings;
and
(b)
Cathodic protection; or
(c)
Use of corrosion resistant materials of construction.
The selection of the type of corrosion protection used shall
be based upon the corrosion history of the area and the
judgment of a qualified engineer.
2.4.4.10
(1)
VENTS FOR UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANKS
Location and Arrangement for Flammable Liquid Storage Tanks
(a)
Vent pipes from underground storage tanks for
flamm~ble
liquids shall be located so that the discharge point
is outside any building;
openings;
is higher than the fill pipe
and more than 12 feet above the adjacent
grade level.
39.
~
. (b)
Vent pipes from underground storage tanks
for flammable
liquids shall not be.obstructed by any device that may
cause back pressure.
(c)
Outlets from vent pipes from underground storage tanks
for flammable liquids shall terminate in a location
where flammable vapours will not enter building openings,
or be trapped under eaves or other obstructions.
(2)
Location and Arrangement for Combustible Liquid Storage Tanks:
(a)
Vent pipes from underground storage tanks for combustible
liquids shall be located so that the discharge point is
outside any building; is higher than the fill pipe opening
and more than seven feet above general grade level.
(b)
Vent pipes may be fitted with return bends, coarse screens
or other devices to minimize ingress of foreign material.
(3)
Size of Vent Openings.
Every underground liquid storage tank
shall be provided with
vent openings of cross-section 1 area sufficient to permit
free escape of air and vapour when the tank is being filled
at its maximum filling rate.
(4)
Vent Piping
(a)
Piping materials and construction shall be in accordance
with Subsection 2.4.5.
(b)
Piping shall be laid so as to drain toward the underground
storage tank without sags or traps.
(c)
Piping shall be located so that they will not be subjected
to physical damage.
40.
(d)
The tank end of vent piping shall enter the underground
storage tank through the top.
(e)
Piping shall not extend into the underground storage tank
more than one inch except when the vent is equipped with
a vent alarm.
(f)
When
pipin~
is manifolded, the total cross-sectional
area shall be such as to discharge, within the pressure
limitations of the system, the vapours it may be required
to handle when manifolded underground storage tanks are
filled simultaneously.
(g)
Piping for underground storage tanks for flammable liquids
shall not be manifolded with vent piping for tanks
,for combustible liquids unless positive means are
provided to prevent the vapours from flammable liquids
en t e r in g tan k s s t 0 r in g comb u s t i b 1 e l i q.u ids .
2.4.4.11
(1)
OPENINGS, OTHER THAN VENTS, IN UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANKS
Connections for all tank openings in underground storage tanks
shall be liquid and vapour tight.
(2)
Openings for manual gauging, if independent of the fill pipe,
shall be provided with a vapour tight. cap or cover which shall
be kept closed when not gauging.
(3)
o
Fill and discharge piping shall enter underground storage tanks
only through the top and shall be sloped toward the storage tanks.
(4)
Filling and emptying connections for flammable or combustible
liquids with a flash point below 200°F. which are made and
broken shall be located outside buildings at a location free
41.
from any source of ignition and not less than
away from any building opening.
fiv~
feet
Such connection for any
liquid shall be closed and liquid tight when not in use
and shall be identified in an approved manner.
2.4.4.12
(1)
INSTALLATION OF STORAGE TANKS INSIDE BUILDINGS
Location:
Tanks other than fuel oil storage tanks within the
scope of C.S.A. Standard B139 shall not be permitted inside
buildings except in Industrial Plants, Service Stations,
Processing Plants, Refineries, or on Piers and Wharves and
with the specific approval of the Authority having jurisdiction.
(2)
Vents:
(a)
Vents for storage tanks inside buildings shall be provided
and shall meet the requirements of Sentences 2.4.4.3.,
2.4.4.4., 2.4.4.5.(2) and 2.4.4.10. except that emergency
venting by the use of weak roof seams on tanks shall
not be permitted.
(b)
Approved automatic sprinkler systems shall be considered
as equivalent to an
appro~ed
water spray system for the
purposes of calculating the required air flow rates for
emergency vents described in Sentence 2.4.4.4.(6).
(c)
Vents shall be so arranged that the outlets discharge
vapours outside the buildings as required,in Sentence
2 • 4 • 4 . 10.( 1 ) •
(3)
Vent Piping: Vent piping materials and construction shall be
in accordance with Subsection 2.4.5.
42.
(4)
Tank Openings Other than Vents in Inside Storage Tanks,
(a)
Connections for all tank openings in inside storage
tanks shall be liquid and vapour tight.
(b)
Every connection to an inside storage tank through
which liquid may flow shall be provided with a valve
located as
~lose
as practical to the shell of the tank.
Such valves shall conform to the requirements of
Subsection 2.4.5.
(c)
Flammable or combustible liquid inside storage tanks
except those in one-storey buildings designed and
protected for flammable or combustible liquid storage,
shall have an automatic-closing heat-actuated valve
on each withdrawal connection below the liquid level,
except on connections used for emergency disposal.
This function of this valve may be incorporated into
the valve required in (b), but if a separate valve, it
shall be located adjacent to the valve required in (b).
(d)
Openings for manual gauging of flammable or combustible
liquids with a flash point below l40 o F. if independent of
the fill pipe, shall be provided with a vapour tight
cap or cover which shall be kept closed when not gauging.
Each such opening for any liquid shall be protected
against liquid overflow and possible vapour release by
means of a spring loaded check valve or other approved
device.
Substitutes for manual gauging include, but
are not limited to, heavy duty flat gauge glasses,
43.
magnetic, hydraulic or hydrostatic remote
re~ding
devices and sealed float gauges.
(e)
F~ll
pipes for inside storage tanks for flammable liquids
with a flash point below 73 0 F. other than crude oils,
gasolines and asphalts, shall be designed and installed
as to minimize the possibility of generating static
electricity by terminating within six inches of the
bottom of the storage tank.
(f)
Fill pipes for inside storage tanks shall be
installe~
to minimize vibration of the pipe.
(g)
Fill pipe inlets for inside storage tanks shall be
located outside of buildings at a location away from any
source of ignition and not less than five feet away
from any building
o~ening.
They shall be provided with
a liquid and vapour tight cap kept closed when not
filling and the fill pipe inlet shall be identified
)
in an approved manner.
(h)
Inside liquid storage tanks shall be equipped with an
approved device,
to prevent overflow into the building.
Suitable devices include, but are not limited to,
float valves,
preset meters on the fill line, valves
actuated by the weight of the tank contents, low head
pumps which are incapable of producing overflow; or
~liquid
tight overflow pipes at least one pipe size largpr
than the fill pipe discharging by gravity back to the
outside source of !iquid or to an approved location.
44.
2.4.4.13
SUPPORTS, FOUNDATIONS AND ANCHORAGE FOR ABOVEGROUND STORAGE
TANKS
(1)
Tanks shall rest on the ground or on foundations made of
concrete, masonry, piling or steel subject to the provision
of a protective inter layer meeting the requirements of
I
2.4.4.8.(3)
(c).
.
Tank foundations shall be designed to
minimize the possibility of uneven settling of the tank and
to minimize corrosion in any part of the tank resting on the
foundation.
Notes:
(a)
Appendix E of API Standard 650: Specification for Welded
Steel Tanks Oil Storage and Appendix B of API Standard
620:
Recommended Rules for the Design and Construction
of Large, Welded, Low Pressure Storage Tanks, provide
information on tank foundations.
(b)
The design of supports for special storage tanks such
as spheres require special engineering consideration.
Appendix N of API Standard 620:
Recommended Rules for
the Design and Construction of Large, Welded, Low
Pressure Storage Tanks, contains information regarding
supporting structures.
(c)
In areas subject to earthquakes, the design of storage
tank supports and
~connections
require special considera-
tion.
(2)
When tanks are supported above the foundation,
shall be installed on firm foundations.
tank supports
Supports shall be of
45.
concrete, masonry or protected steel.
(3)
Steel supports or exposed piling shall be protected by
materials giving a fire resistance rating for the assembly
of not less than two hours, except that steel saddles
need not be protected if they are less than 12 inches high
at their highest point.
Subject to the specific approval
of the authority having jurisdiction water spray protection
or its equivalent may be used in lieu of fire-resistive materials to protect the storage tank supports.
(4)
Every aboveground storage tank shall be supported so as to
prevent the excessive concentration of loads on the supporting
portion of the shell.
(5)
Where a tank is located in an area that may be subjected to
flooding, the installation shall conform to the applicable
crequirements of Sentence 2.4.4.8. (3).
2.4.4.14
(1)
IDENTIFICATION OF ABOVEGROUND STORAGE TANKS
Every aboveground storage tank shall be permanently marked
to provide identification of its contents on at least two
sides in lettering of a size sufficient to ensure legibility
from at
is the
(2)
leas~or
gr~ater.
'from outside a dike area, whichever
~~~y~
,
The markings in (1) above shall be situated to provide clear
identification both to operating and to fire fighting personnel.
2.4.4.15
(1)
ELIMINATION OF SOURCES OF IGNITION IN STORAGE TANK LOCATIONS
In storage tank locations where flammable vapours may be
present, precautions shall be taken to eliminate or control
sources of ignition.
Sources of ignition may include open
46.
flames, lightning, smoking, cutting and welding, hot
surfaces, frictional heat, sparks (static, electrical or
mechanical), spontaneous ignition, chemical and physicalchemical reactions and radiant heat.
2.4.4.16
(1)
TESTING OF STORAGE TANKS
All storage tanks, whether shop-built or field-erected,
shall be leak tested before they are placed in service in
accordance with the applicable paragraphs of the Standard
under which they were built.
(2)
Aboveground shop built storage tanks are normally shop tested
for leaks and the C.S.A. or U.L. of C. label shall be acceptable
as evidence of such testing.
(3)
Aboveground field erected storage tanks are normally field
tested for leaks and the U.L. of C. label or API monogram
shall be acceptable as evidence of such testing.
(4)
Underground Shop Built Storage Tanks:
(a)
Underground shop built storage tanks are normally shop
tested for leaks and the C.S.A. or U.L. of C. label
shall be acceptable as evidence of such testing.
(b)
Underground shop built storage tanks are also required
to be field tested in accordance with the
require~ents
of Sentence 2.4.4.8.(2)(d).
(5)
When the vertical length of the fill or vent pipes on liquid
storage tanks is such that when filled with liquid the static
head imposed upon the bottom of the storage tank exceeds 10
pounds per square inch, the
sto~ge
tank and associated piping
47.
shall be tested hydrostatically to a pressure equal to the
static head thus imposed.
In special cases where the height
of the vent above the top of the storage tank is excessive,
the hydrostatic test'pressure shall be specified by the
Authority having jurisdiction.
(6)
Underground piping connected to storage tanks shall be
pressure tested in accordance with Sentence 2.4.5.7.
2.4.5
PIPING AND PUMPING SYSTEMS
2.4.5.1
(1)
SCOPE AND APPLICATION
The piping systems referred to in this Subsection shall
consist of pipe, tubing, flanges, bolting, gaskets, valves,
fittings,
the pressure containing parts of other components
such as expansion joints and strainers, and devices which
serve such purposes as mixing, separating, snubbing,
distributing, metering, or controlling flow.
(2)
This Subsection shall not apply to any of the following:
(a)
tubing or casing on any oil or gas wells and any piping
connected directly thereto;
(b)
piping for vehicles, aircraft, watercraft or other
portable or stationary engines;
(c)
piping systems on Service Stations covered in Subsection
2.4.6.;
(d)
piping system in Bulk Plants covered in Subsection 2.4.7.;
(e)
piping systems on Piers and Wharves covered
2.4.8.;
(f)
in Subsection
or
piping within the scope of the applicable provincial
boiler and pressure vessel Code.
48.
204.5.2
(1)
MATERIALS FOR
PIPIN~,
VALVES AND FITTINGS
The material design, fabrication, assembly, test and
inspection of piping systems containing flammable or
combustible liquids shall be suitable for the maximum
anticipated working pressures and structural stresses.
(2)
Piping systems for liquids shall be of material resistant to
heat and mechanical damage, chemically resistant to the
liquid contained and of adequate design strength to
withstand the maximum anticipated service temperature.
The use of materials subject to failure from internal
stress, from rupture by mechanical damage. and combustible
or low-melting materials subject to failure even in
moderate exposure fires shall not be permitted.
(3)
Steel Piping
(a)
pi~ing
Where steel piping is used the
and seamless grades, shall
~eet
including welded
th2 requirements of
American Petroleum Institute S?erification SL or be of
an approved equivalent
(b)
standa~~.
Where service pressures exceeding 125 lb/sq. in. are
to be designed for, extra heavy duty steel piping with
forged or cast steel or extra heavy malleable threaded
fittings shall be used.
(4)
Copper and Brass Piping
(8)
Copper tubing and copper or brass piping may be used
but not uhere temperatures of
~ver
400°F. may be encountered.
49.
(b)
Copper tubing and copper or brass piping used shall be
installed and maintained in accordance with good
practice, and comply with C.S.A. Standard HC 7.5, Seamless
Copper and Red Brass 'Pipe.
(c)
Flexible copper tubing shall be protected against
mechanical injury.
(5)
Other Piping Materials
(a)
When problems of corrosion, contamination, sanitation
or high standards of purity are factors, special piping
materials may be used subject to the specific approval
of the Authority having jurisdiction.
Note:
Such materials include steel piping lined with tin,
glass, rubber or other material resistant to the liquid being
handled;
and piping made from such materials as stainless
steel, copper, nickel, lead, carbon, graphite, glass, porcelain,
thermosetting plastic of high melting point and hard rubber.
2.4.5.3
(1)
CORROSION PROTECTION OF PIPING SYSTEMS
Exposed steel piping shall be protected against external
corrosion either by the use of galvanized piping or protected
in an approved manner by painting, wrapping or other coating.
(2)
Underground steel piping shall be protected from external
corrosion either by the use of galvanized piping or protected
in an approved manner by wrapping, coating with asphaltic
material, or cathodic protection.
(3)
Upon completion of all exposed or underground piping systems
all couplings, flanges and bolts shall be coated with
50.
butuminous enamel or other approved material.
2.4.5.4
(1)
IDENTIFICATION OF PIPING SYSTEMS
All exposed
liquid piping shall be coloured yellow and
identified in accordance with CGSB Specification 24-GP-3 Code for Identification and Classification of Piping Systems.
(2)
Where the content of aboveground liquid piping cannot otherwise
easily be determined, the piping shall be marked at 10 ft.
intervals to provide product identification.
2.4.5.5
(1)
JOINTS IN PIPING SYSTEMS
Threaded joints shall be made in accordance with good practice
and an approved
join~
compound for the material being handled
shall be used to seal the joints.
(2)
Welding procedures, and welding operations shall be in
accordance with the requirements of C.S.A. Standard W47 or
the appropriate provincial code.
(3)
Flanged connections shall be provided in welded systems for
ease of dismantling so as to avoid subsequent in-place cutting
and welding operations.
(4)
Flanged joints shall be made using forged or cast steel flanges
of the appropriate pressure rating conforming with good
practice, except as permitted in (5) and (6).
(5)
Bronze flanges in 2-in. and smaller sizes may be used where
copper and brass piping is permitted.
(6)
Bolting materials for flanged connections in steel piping
systems shall be of alloy steel conforming to good practice.
In existing installations carbon steel and wrought iron bolts
may be accepted subject to the approva:l of the Authority
having jurisdiction.
51.
(7)
Joints for non-ferrous piping may be threaded, fl~nged,
flared, brazed or silver soldered.
Brazing or soldering
alloys where used shall have a minimum melting point of
lOOOoF.
(8)
Joints shall avoid the use of dissimilar metals to minimize
the danger of electrolytic action.
2.4.5.6
GASKETS IN PIPING SYSTEMS
Gaskets in flanged connections shall be of a
resistant to the liquid being
carrie~
.and
mater~al
capable of
withstanding fire exposure temperatures.
2.4.5.7
(1)
PRESSURE TESTING OF PIPING SYSTEMS
All piping systems used for flammable or combustible liquids
shall be pressure tested with air or water, to at least
50 psig or one and one-half times the maximum operating
pressure, whichever is the greater.
A pressure test performed
with air shall not exceed 100 psig.
When piping systems
are pressure tested:
(a)
with air, the lines shall be soaped and shall retain
the pressure for a minimum
perio~
of two hours after
the source of pressure has been removed;
(b)
with fluid,
or
the lines shall retain the pressure for a
minimum of six hours after the source of pressure has
been removed;
(c)
and
the pressure shall be measured by an instrument
calibrated in increments not greater than one-half
of one pound per square inch.
52.
(2)
When piping is pressure tested hydraulically and the piping
contains a flammable liquid, all safety precautions required
by this Code for flammable liquids shall be observed.
(3)
Piping that has been pressure tested and proven tight shall
have the pressure test records certified by the owner, or
his authorized representative and retained by the owner
available for inspection.
2.4.5.8
(1)
LOCATION AND ARRANGEMENT QF PIPING
General: Piping shall be installed outdoors whenever possible
and located so as not to expose buildings or equipment.
The
point of entrance to buildings shall be arranged so that the
piping within the building is direct and as short as possible.
(2)
Aboveground Outdoor Piping:
(a)
Aboveground outdoor piping shall be supported in a
substantial manner, so arranged as to prevent 'excessive
vibration or strain on connecting equipment, and
protected by guards to protect against possible vehicular
impact or other physical injury.
(b)
Horizontal spans of aboveground outdoor piping shall be
such as to not imP9se excessive stress on the pipe wall.
Unsupported spans shall normally be limited to 20 ft.
Longer spans shall be supported in a manner acceptable
to the Authority having jurisdiction.
(c)
Pipe may be located on the exterior side of noncombustible
walls but not above windows.
It may also be located
above roofs of noncombustible construction provided
53.
drainage can be arranged to dispose of any leakage
\
in accordance with Sentences 2.4.3.7.(8) and (9).
(d)
Where aboveground piping crosses roadways, or railway
sidings, ample overhead clearance and warning signs
indica t ing the clearanc'e he igh t
(e)
shall be provided.
Piping passing through dike walls shall be designed to
minimize stresses as a result of settlement or fire
exposure.
(3)
Underground Piping:
(a)
Underground piping shall be laid and located so as
not to be subjected to stress from building foundations or other facilities subject to vibration or
settling.
(b)
Underground piping passing alongside buildings or
similar structures shall be located at least 1 foot
from the foundations.
(c)
Piping passing under railway tracks shall be installed
in accordance with General Order No.
E-IO of the
Canadian Transport Commission.
(d)
Piping adjacent to railway tracks shall be installed in
accordance with General Order No.
0-32, Part
~
of the
Canadian Transport Commission.
(e)
Piping to be buried shall be laid in undisturbed soil
where possible, using backfill as described in Sentence
2.4.4.8. (2) (e).
54.
(4)
Piping in Ducts or Trenches:
(a)
Indoor trenches may be used for piping for flammable or
combustible liquids only subject to specific approval
in
wr~ting
fr~m
the Authority having jurisdiction.
Such piping shall be provided with trapped drains
leading to an approveq location.
(b)
When piping in indoor trenches contains flammable liquids
the trench shall be provided with positive ventilation
or it shall be filled with sand.
(5)
Piping 1n Tunnels:
Flammable or combustible liquid piping shall not be located
in service tunnels.
(6)
Piping Entrances to Buildings:
Piping entrances to buildings shall be located aboveground
unless specifically approved in writing by the Authority
having jurisdiction.
In all such cases, the piping shall be
provided with inside and outside control valves at the
points of entrance.
Where the piping passes through a wall,
a pipe sleeve shall be provided and the annular space shall
be permanently sealed.
(7)
Indoor Piping;
(a)
Indoor piping may be underground located 1n trenches as
described in Sentence 2.4.5.8.(4) or supported overhead,
except that piping containing flammable liquids shall
only be so installed when specific approval in writing
is given by the Authority having jurisdiction.
J
55.
(b)
Overhead piping shall be installed close to the ceiling
or beams or along walls at least 6 feet above the
floor to protect it against mechanical injury.
Pipe
riseri shall be installed alongside of pilasters,
between flanges of steel columns or in securely anchored
larger
~erforated
pipe.
Guards are not normally
required if the risers are close to the walls and
columns except where they are exposed to mobile equipment.
(c)
Piping for flammable or combustible liquids shall be
supported by approved pipe hangers of such design as
to prevent lateral motion of the pipe.
(d)
Where possible pipes carrying flammable or combustible
liquids shall be supported from building framing members.
(e)
In buildings of steel frame construction pipes carrying
flammable or combustible liquids shall be fastened to
steel beams or columns by bolted clips or pipe hangers
which grip the flanges and have a retaining strap.
(f)
Piping carrying flammable or combustible liquids shall
not be installed under combustible flooring.
(g)
Piping under concrete ceilings shall be suspended with
the use of through bolts or expansion shields.
Expansion
shields shall be used in the horizontal position except
in sound concrete having a gravel or crushed stone
aggregate.
Shields are not permitted in cinder concrete,
gypsum or ceilings of similar construction.
56.
• <- -
(h)
For indoor piping systems, inside buildings, at
l~ast
one hanger shall be provided,for, each length of
pipe.
'Unsupported-spans
s~all
not exceed 12 feet for
p'ipe up to 1-1/4 in. diameter or 15 feet for larger
diameter pipe.
(8)
Provision for Expansion and Flexibility in Piping Systems
(a)
In the, design of flammable or combustible liquid piping
systems, provision shall be made for thermal expansion
and contraction by the use of pipe bends, welding
elbows or other approved flexible joints.
Expansion
slip joints shall not be used.
(b)
Approved flexible hose connectors may be used where
necessary ,in
sy~tems
carry:lng flammable or combustible
liquids to prevent the development of dangerous stresses
due to
(c)
vibrati~n,
settling or thermal change.
Flexible hose connectors shall be constructed and tested
to Underwriters' Laboratories Standard No. 567.
2.4.5.9
(1)
VALVES IN PIPING
SYSTEM~
General:
(a)
Valves in piping systems for flammable or combustible
liquids
shall be of an approved type and have the
appropriate service rating for the maximum temperatures
and pressures which may be encountered.
(2)
Location of Valves
(a)
Shut-off valves shall, be provided in all flammable or
combustible liquid piping and pumping systems to stop
57.
,-.
the flow of liquid should a fire occur or liquid
,-,
accidentally escape.
Where practicable, such valves
shall be located out of doors or immediately adjacent
to an interior wall accessible from outdoors.
(b)
Shut-off valves shall be provided:
(i)
at connections to storage tanks where the transfer
of liquids is by other than positive displacementtype pumps;
(ii)
on supply piping where it enters buildings or
structures;
(iii)
on branch lines from the main supply line where
the supplying equipment is in other fire areas;
(iv)
(3)
on supply lines at dispensing locations.
Design of Valves
(a)
Diaphragm valves shall have no direct connections
between the liquid and air section of the valve that
might permit leakage of the liquid past the packing
into the air
(b)
lines.
Globe valves if used shall be arranged so that the
packing is on the low pressure size.
(c)
Rising stem or other indicating-type valves shall be
used where it is necessary to see whether the valves
are open or shut.
(d)
Valve bodies shall be of cast steel except as permitted
in Sentences (e) or (f). below.
(e)
Valve bodies may be of bronze for copper or brass pipe
in sizes up to 2 inch.
58.
(f)
When corrosion or product purity is a factor, stainless
steel, monel metal or lined-steel bodied valves may
be used.
(4)
Identification of Valves
To reduce the possibility of product mixing, all aboveground
valves shall be marked to provide identification as follows:
(a)
All those controlling "Flammable Liquids" shall be
identified by a tag coloured red and octagonal in shape.
(b)
All those controlling "Combustible Liquids" shall be
identified by a tag
coloured any colour other than red,
green or red-orange shades and round in shape.
(c)
The tags shall be of enamelled metal, anodized aluminum,
substantial fibre or solvent resistant plastic.
(d)
The tags shall be marked in clear legible permanent
characters with the name of the product.
(e)
Every tag shall at all times be kept clean so that its
colour is easily recognizable, and its inscription is
readily legible.
2.4.5.10
(1)
HEATING OF PIPING SYSTEMS
General
Heating equipment shall be arranged so that it does not overheat
locally or otherwise create an ignition source for the liquids
handled.
(2)
Methods of Applying Heat
(a)
Flammable or combustible liquid lines may be steam traced
using the minimum steam pressure to make the liquid fluid.
59.
A regulator shall be provided in the steam line with
a relief valve on the down stream side set at a higher
pressure.
The pipe and tracing shall be enclosed
with noncombustible insulation.
(b)
Electrical heating cables or thermal electrical induction
methods shall comply with the requirements of the
"
, ~)"
,
Canadian Electrical Code eSA B22.1 or the appropriate
provincial codes.
(c)
Where
spe~ific
approval in writing from the enforcing
authority is obtained thermal electrical conduction
methods of pipe tracing may be utilized by passing a
low voltage alternating current through the pipe.
Such
systems shall be installed and tested as complete units.
Unheated sections shall be insulated by means of
nonconductive fittings.
Systems shall be provided with
thermostatic controls, high temperature limit controls
and protected by fuses or fused disconnect switches
of the lowest practical rating.
All parts of the piping
and fittings shall be enclosed by electrical and thermal
insulating covering to prevent accidental grounding
of the systems.
Switches, transformers, contactors
or other spark producing equipment shall be in a safe area
away from flammable liquid vapours.
(d)
The use of open flames as a heat source, is prohibited.
METHODS OF TRANSFER ROR LIQUID SYSTEMS
60.
(1); Pumping
(a)
PumpB for flammable and combustible liquid piping systems
installed above grade outside of buildings shall be
located not less than 10 ft.
and not less than 5 ft.
(b)
from the property line
from any building opening.
Pumps for .liquid piping systems located indoors shall
be 1n rooms that conform to the requirements of Sentence
2.4.3.5. except where the design or use of equipment
specifically precludes such an arrangement.
(c)
Pumps for liquid piping systems shall be provided with duplicate control switches:
one located at the pump and one
at an approved remote location;
to shut down the pumps
in case of emergency.
(d)
Pits for subsurface pumps for liquid piping systems or
piping manifolds of submersible pumps shall withstand
the external forces to which they may be subjected
without damage to the pump, storage tank or piping.
The
pit shall be no larger than necessary for inspection
and maintenance and shall be provided with a tight-fitting
cover.
(2)
Hydraulic
(a)
Hydraulic transfer systems may be used for liquids such
as carbon disulphide that are immiscible with water.
(b)
All tanks for hydraulic transfer systems for flammable
and combustible liquid shall be constructed, installed
and tested in accordance with provincial regulations.
61.
Such systems shall be arranged so that water pressure
in excess of the design pressure of the tank or piping
cannot be developed.
Operating pressures shall be
controlled by a constant-level float valve or a pressurereducing valve on the water supply.
Systems shall be
arranged so that there is no water pressure on the
system
~xcept
when liquid is being discharged.
Check
valves shall be provided in both water and flammable or
combustible liquid piping to prevent back flow.
(3)
Inert Gas
(a)
Inert gas transfer systems for flammable and combustible
liquids,
shall be constructed, installed and tested in
accordance with provincial re~ulations.
(b)
Pressure regulators for inert gas transfer systems shall
be provided in the gas line to control the pressure of
the gas which shall be maintained at the minimum pressure
required to force the liquid through the piping system
at the rate required.
(c)
/
A relief valve shall be provided with a slightly higher
setting on the downstream side of the regulator referred
to in (b) above or on the tank.
(d)
Means of automatically shutting off the gas supply and
bleeding the gas pressure in the event" of fire shall be
provided on all inert gas transfer systems.
(e)
Transfer systems utilizing compressible gases such as
nitrogen or carbon dioxide as the transfer medium shall
not be used, except where other transfer methods are
not practicable.
62.
(4)
Compressed Air
Compressed air transfer systems shall not be permitted for the
transfer of flammable or combustible liquids.
2.4.5.12
ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT FOR PIPING SYSTEMS
Electrical equipment in the victnity of pumps and auxiliary
equipment handling flammable or combustible liquids, and in
any area where vapours or explosive mixtures may be found
shall comply
with the Canadian Electrical Code C.S.A. C22.1.
,
)
2.4.5.13
FIRE PROTECTION FOR PIPING SYSTEMS
A portable extinguisher having at least a 20-BC classification
sha~l
be provided in the vicinity of pumps and ancillary
equipment used for the transfer of flammable or combustible
liquid.
2.4.5.14
GENERAL CARE AND CLEANLINESS OF PIPING SYSTEMS
(a)
The area around outdoor pump sites for flammable or
combustible liquids
shall be kept free
of dried
grass, weeds or vegetation and combustible debris or
materials for a distance of not'less thanl5ft.
(b)
Liquid pump houses and pump rooms shall not be used for
any other purpose.
2.4.5.15
(1)
OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR PIPING SYSTEMS
Employee Training
,Employees concerned with transfer operations involving
flammable or combustible liquids shall be given instruction
in fire safety hazards and emergency procedures by means of
the following:
~3.
(a)
Standard procedures for normal operation as well as for
emergencies shall be given to operators and posted in
-
printed form on notice boards for convenient reference.
(b)
A series of routine check points for the prompt
detection of abnormal conditions shall be established
and shall be given to the operator for observation at
least once each shift.
(c)
All employees shall be instructed in the importance of
constant attendance during all transfer operations
whether or not the system is equipped with automatic
controls.
Special emphasis in this regard shall be
given to new employees.
(d)
All employees shall be drilled in extinguishing procedures
for fires involving flammable and combustible liquids.
(e)
Conspicuous
s~gns
shall be posted indicating the location
of all manual emergency shutoff valves, and for the operation
of fiie protection equipment.
Employees shall be
instructed in the location and function of the valves.
(£)
Employees shall be instructed in the flammable or combustible
liquid colour coding and identification of the piping
systems to prevent the danger of accidents when liquids
are being transferred and when maintenance work is
(2)
performe~.
Inspection and Maintenance
(a)
Regular frequent inspections shall be made of all aboveground
piping systems to detect and correct leakages.
Flammable
vapour indicators shall be used to detect small leakages.
64.
Open
~lames
or spark producing devices shall not be
used for testing purposes.
(b)
Regular frequent inspections and1tests shall be made
of all safety shutoff valves and other firesafety
devices to ensure proper operation.
Particular
-
attention shall be directed to normally open fusible
link operated valves, float valves and automatic
controls.
(c)
Piping system, shall not be worked upon while they are
under pressure.
If connections or piping are to be
opened the system shall be drained.
(d)
Where liquid handling units have to be repaired,
wherever practical they shall be removed and taken
to maintenance areas.
(e)
Before any cutting by torch or welding is carried out
on any equipment or ~iping handling flammable or combustible
all liquids and vapours shall be drained, purged
liquids
or the system sealed.
The atmosphere shall be tested
with a flammable vapour indicator to make sure that no
explosive concentration is present.
(f)
"Danger
-
Do Not Open" tags shall be attached to all
valves on liquid piping systems that are shut off for
maintenance purposes.
The responsibility for issuing
and removing such tags shall be that of the supervisor in
charge of the maintenance work,
\
65.
(g)
All unused liquid piping shall be removed and open end
pipes capped or plugged.
2.4.~
SERVICE STATIONS
2.4.6.1 SCOPE
This article shall apply to the storage, handling and use of
flammable or combustible liquids in service stations and consumer
outlets including marine service stations.
2.4.6.2 STORAGE AND HANDLING
(1)
General
(a)
Each service station storage capacity shall be restricted
to not more than 30,000 gallons of flammable liquids
and 20,000 gallons of combustible liquids with a
flash point below 140 o F. except that up to 50,000 gallons
~f
flammable liquids may be stored if the service station
has direct access to any part of a highway that is a
controlled access highway.
(b)
Flammable
liq~id~
shall not be stored or handled within-
any building having a basement, cellar or pit into which
flammable vapours may travel.
(c)
A maximum of 45 gallons of flammable liquids and 500
gallons of combustible liquids
with a flash point below
140 o F. shall be stored aboveground at a service station
or consumer outlet except that greater quantities may
be stored 50 ft.
or more from any building and from the
public access portion of the property.
66.
r
(d)
Flammable liquids shall not be stored, dispensed or
transferred within a service station, or consumer outlet
building unless the building meets the requirements
of an inside storage room
stipulated in Sentence
2.4.3.5., except as provided in Sentence 2.4.6.3.(5}.
(e)
Combustible liquids of flash point below l40 o F. may be
stored and dispensed inside a building from storage
tanks of not more than 500 gallons individual capacity
and not more than 2000 gallons aggregate capacity
provided fill and vent pipes are located outside of
the building in accordance with Sentences 2.4.4.3 and
2.4.4.5.
(f)
All fill pipes and valves associated with the storage
tanks referred to in (e) above shall be permanently
marked to indicate the liquid in each storage tank,
and the equipment controlled by the valves.
(g)
When a property having flammable or combustible liquid
storage tanks is sold or leased, the owner of the
property shall inform the purchaser or lessee of the
existence of the storage tank or tanks and shall provide
proof that the storage tank or tanks comply with the
provisions of Subsection 2.4.12.
:(h)
Flammable and combustible liquids
shall be stored in
portable containers or drums as required in (2) below;
in aboveground storage tanks as required in Sentence
2.4.4.2 vented in accordance with Sentences 2.4.4.3 and
2.4.4.4;
or in underground storage tanks as required jn
Sentence 2.4.4.8 and vented in accordance
2.4.4.10.
~ith
Sentence
67.
(2)
Portable Containers and Drums
(a)
All packaged gasoline and associated products stored
aboveground shall be in approved portable containers
distinct~y
marked with the common name of the container
contents, such as "Gasoline", "Kerosine" or "Diesel
Fuel" as the case may be.
(b)
Sale of flammable or combustible liquids shall only be
made:
(i)
in prepackaged portable containers that are clearly
marked with the name of the liquid they contain,
and are sealed and leak-proof;
(ii)
or
in approved shipping containers that are clearly
marked with the name of the liquid dispensed;
are securely closed to prevent leaks or spills;
meet the design and construction requirements of
Sentence 2.4.3.2.
red in colour;
(iii)
(2)
or
in approved portable containers meeting the requirements
of Sentence 2.4.3.2.
(c)
and are predominantly
(a)
(2)
(b).
The special sample containers used in the taking of
test samples by an authorized representative of the
Government
of Canada or of the Province by the wholesaler
who supplied the liquid to the service station, or by
an analytical chemist whose expert opinion is required
with respect to the liquid, shall be deemed to meet the
requirements of (b)
(ii) above.
,,'
68.
Cd)
Every portable container at a service station shall
be kept tightly closed when disconnected from the
pumping apparatus.
(e)
An approved drum or other approved metal portable
container that is equipped with a pump shall be deemed
to be closed only when the connection between the
pump and the container is of a vapour tight type.
(f )
Sen ten c e s (1) (d), (JJ (e) and (2) (d) s hall a 1 s 0 a p ply t
0
the storage and movement of empty containers.
(g)
Containers and drums shall not be filled beyond their
nominal capacity.
(3)
Tank Piping and Valves
(a)
All piping associated with gasoline or associated product
storage tanks shall meet the requirements of American
Petroleum Institute Specification 5L or an approved
equivalent standard.
(b)
Piping shall be protected from external corrosion if
aboveground by painting, wrapping, coating or other
approved manner and if underground by wrapping, coating
with asphaltic material, galvanizing, cathodic protection,
or other approved manner.
(c)
Piping shall be firmly supported, and protected when
necessary from vehicle impact or other physical damage
by guards.
(d)
When a bulk storage tank
install~d
aboveground has piping
or a fitting connected to it at any point below the
highest level to which the gasoline or associated product
69.
will rise, the piping or fitting shall be provided
with an internal or external steel
con~rol
valve
located as near as practicable to the shell of the
storage tank.
(e)
Connections to pipelines through which tank cars
or tank.vehicles discharge by means of pumps into
aboveground storage tanks shall be provided with
soft seat check valves for automatic protection
against back flow;
and designed, installed and maintained
to prevent leakage or spillage.
(f)
Interconnected systems carrying different liquids shall
be separated, wherever possible, with steel blinds or
locked valves.
2.4.6.3
(1)
ATTENDANCE, SUPERVISION AND DISPENSING PROCEDURES
Every service station shall have an attendant or supervisor
on duty whenever the station is open for business.
(2)
Consumer outlets not accessible to or open to the public do
not require an attendant.
Such stations may be used by
commercial, industrial or manufacturing establishments.
(3)
No person shall dispense flammable or combustible liquids
with a flash point below l40 o F. by means of a nozzle
controlled by a valve referred to in Sentence 2.4.6.8 at
a service station unless he is a competent trained employee
authorized by the licensed operator of the service station.
(4)
The licensed operator in charge of a service station shall
ensure that while a flammable or combustible liquid with a
70.
flash point below 140 0 F. is being dispensed at the service
station to the fuel tank of a motor vehicle by means of
an automatic valved nozzle referred to in Sentence2.4.6.8
a competent trained employee authorized by the licensed
operator of the service station is in constant immediate
attendance at the motor vehicle.
(5)
Flammable liquids shall only be dispensed or transferred
inside buildings by the use of approved moveable, completely
enclosed pumping equipment.
(6)
Special Type "Self-Service" Dispensers
(a)
No person shall at any service station, permit or have
facilities for dispensing flammable or combustible liquids
with a flash point below l40 0 F. by any mode known as
"self-service", without specific permission in writing
from the Authority having jurisdiction.
(b)
The special type dispensing devices referred to in (a)
such as, but not limited to, coin-operated, card operated,
and remote preset types may be permitted at service
stations, provided there is at least one qualified attendant
on duty for each 12 hoses while the station is open to the
public.
The attendant's primary function shall be to
supervise, observe and control the dispensing of
flammable liquids while the liquids are being dispensed.
It shall be the responsibility of the attendant to prevent
the dispensing of flammable liquids into portable
containers not in compliance with Sentence 2.4.3.2.
(2)(b),
71.
to control sources of
ignition and to take emergency
action regarding accidental spills.
(c)
The attendant on duty shall be capable of performing
the functions and assuming the
in Sentence
(d)
E~ergency
re~ponsibilities
required
(b) above.
controls for dispensing facilities shall be
installed at a location acceptable to Authority having
jurisdiction, but such controls shall be 100 feet
or
less from the dispensing equipm0nt.
(e)
Instructions for the
opecat~on
of dispensers shall be
conspicuously posted. /
(7)
Persons shall not be permitted to dispense flammable
into the fuel tank of a motor ve,:icle while the
liquid~
eng~ne
of the vehicle is running.
(8)
Where a diesel fuel dispensing cutlet iA less than 25 ft.
from a gasoline dispensing outlet, pel sons shall not dispence
any fuel to the fuel tank of a motor vehicle while the
engine of the motor vehicle is running.
(9)
Flammable or combustible liquids wit:h a flash point bclo\.J
140 0 F. shaTI not be dispensed to the fllel tank of a motor
vehicle while any part of the motor vehicle or any vehicle
attached to it is on a highway, eycept that this shall nct
prohibit the dispensing of up to 5
from a
Eortah~~ contai~E-
a highway.
~a]lons
of these liquids
to a motc,r vehicle immobilized
0,1
72.
(10)
Every person dispensing
flamma~~_li:q_uids
shall:
(a) Take all precautions necessary to prevent overflow or
spillage of the liquid being dispensed;
(b) not knowingly overfill the fuel system after an automatic
nozzle shuts off,
(c) not drain or pour flammable or combustible liquids with
a flash point below l40 o F. from any dispensing equipment
in proximity to open sources of ignition or any item
referred to in Sentence 2.4.6.3. (10);
and
(d) In the event of spillage referred to .in (a) above,
immediately apply an approved absorbent material to the
spilled liquid.
(11)
Persons shall not be permitted to have any lighted match,
lighter, pipe, cigar or cigarette within 10 ft.
of any
dispensing location.
2.4.6.4
(1)
DISPENSING SYSTEMS
Fixed
dispensin~
devices shall be installed:
(a)
at least 10 ft.
(b)
at least 3 ft.
(c)
at least 25 ft.
from
a~y
highway;
from any property line;
from any open flame or other ignition
source, and outside of buildings unless specific approval
in writing is given by the Authority having jurisdiction;
(2)
(d)
not within any wholly enclosed part of a building;
(e)
on a pump island.
and
Apparatus dispensing flammable liquids into the fuel- tanks of
vehicles owned by the public shall not be located at a bulk
73.
plant unless separated by a fence or equivalent barrier from
the area in which the bulk operations are conducted.
(3)
The requirements of
(3) above shall not prohibit the temporary
use of moveable storage tanks in connection with the dispensing
of flammable or combustible liquids into the fuel tanks of
vehicles or other motorized equipment on premises not
normally accessible to the public.
Such installations srall
only be made under specific written permission from the
Authority having jurisdiction and with a definite
~ime
limit
not in excess of 24 hours.
2.4.6.5
(1),
DISPENSING UNITS
Flammable liquids shall be transferred from storage'tanks by
means of fixed pumps so designed and equipped as to allow
control of the flow and to prevent leakage or accidental
discharge.
(2)
Dispensing devices for flammable or combustible liquids shall
be of approved type.
(3)
Flammable liquids shall not be dispensed from a container having
a capacity of less than 50 gallons but more than 10 gallons
except by use of an approved barrel having a vapour tight seal.
(4)
Dispensing units, except those attached to drums or containers
shall be mounted either on a concrete island or protected
in an approved manner against possible collision damage.
2.4.6.6
EMERGENCY POWER CUTOFF
Clearly identified and easily accessible switch or circuit breakers
shall be provided at a location shielded from any possible fire
involving the dispensing devices, including remote pumping sySlems.
74.
The switches or circuit breakers shall be designed to shut
off the power to all dispensing devices in the event of an
emergency.
2.4.6.7
(1)
REMOTE PUMPING SYSTEMS
These Sentences shall apply to systems for dispensing
flammable liquids where such liquids are ,transferred from
storage to individual or multiple dispensing units by pumps
located elsewhere than at the dispensing units.
(2)
The pumps shall be designed or equipped so that no part of
the system will be subjected to pressures above its allowable
working pressure.
Pumps installed abovegrade, outside of
buildings, shall be located not less than 10 ft.
property line and not less than 5 ft.
from ·the
from any building opening)
When an outside pump location is impractical, pumps may be
installed inside of buildings as provided for dispensers in
Sentence 2.4.6.3 (5) or in pits as provided in (3) below.
Pumps shall be substantially anchored and protected against
physical damage by vehicles.
(3)
Pits for subsurface pumps or piping manifolds of submersible
pumps shall withstand the external forces to which they may
be subjected without damage to the pump, storage tank, or
piping.
The pit shall be no larger than necessary for
inspection and maintenance and shall be provided with a fitted
cover.
(4)
A control shall be provided that will permit the pump to
operate only when a dispensing nozzle is removed from its
bracket on the dispensing unit and the switch on this
,,
75 .
This control shall
dispensing unit is manually actuated.
also stop the pump when all nozzles have been returned to
their brackets.
(5)
An approved impact valve,
incorporating a fusible element
having a maximum temperature rating of l60 o F.
and designed
to close automatically in the event of severe impact or
fire exposure shall
be installed in the dispensing supply
line at the base of each individual dispensing device but
not higher than or more than 1/2 inch below the base of .the
pump.
(6)
After the completion of the installation,
including any
paving, all underground lines connected to tanks shall be
pressure tested
in accordance with the requirements of SentenLe
2.4.5.7.
tvr
except
lllC
s03ping uf
the lines required in
Sentence 2.4.5.7.(I)(J).
2.4.6.8
(1 )
DELIVERY HOSE AND NOZZLES
Eve r y h 0 s e t h r
dispensed at a
0 tl
g 11 w hie h a
f 1 ~t.E"~'!.:..~ b 1 e
.§~_rvi_('_~_~~.i~
0
reo mbus t i b 1 e l i q d • ~
or consumer outlet shall be
restricted to a maximum length of 15 usable ft.
retracting mechanism is used,
ft.
(2)
unless
in which case up to 20 usable
may be used.
Every hose through which a flammable ,or combustible liqui.~
with a flash point helow l40 o F.
is dispensed other than a
hose through which the liquid is dispensed manually shall
he equipped with a valved nozzle of non-magnetic material
so constructed that the valve
l:-
76.
(a)
can be kept open only by manual pressure and closes
automatically immediately the manual pressure is
released;
(b)
or
has a latch-open device as an integral part of the
assembly and automatically shuts off when,
(i)
(ii)
the gasoline tank is filled,
the valved nozzle falls from the filling neck of
the vehicle tank, or
(iii)
the valved nozzle is subject to rough usage;
and the valved nozzle having such latch-open device shall
be of an approved type.
(3)
The provisions of
(2) above do not apply to hoses for tank
trucks and vehicles that are equipped for making tight
(4)
conne~·tions.
Every nozzle of the type referred to in (2Xb) above when
required to be serviced or repaired, shall be returned to the
factory of the manufacturer, or to an agency authorized by
the manufacturer, and after servicing or repairing shall be
subjected to and shall pass the tests specjfied by the
Underwriters' Laboratories of C3nada.
(5)
Every nozzle of the type referred to
in(~(b)
above that has
been tested, after servicing or repairing in accordance with
(4) above, and before being returned to service, shall have
affixed upon it a permanent label or marking that shall
represent the manufacturer's certification of such testing
and shall display the letter "R" and the date of test.
2.4.6.9
(1)
77.
MARINE SERVICE STATIONS
The.dispensing area shall be separated from other
structur~s
so as to provide room for safe ingress and egress of craft
to be,fuelled, and at a location approved by the Authority
having jurisdiction.
Dispensing units shall in all cases be
at least 25 feet from any activity involving fixed sources
of ignition.
(2)
Dispensing shall be by approved dispensing units with or
without integral pumps and may be located on open piers,
wharves, floating docks, qn shore or on piers of the solid
fill type.
(3)
Dispensing nozzles shall be automatic-closing witho~t hollopen latch.
(4)
Tanks and pumps not integral with the dispensing unit, shall
be on the shore or on a pier of the solid fill type, except
that where shore location would require excessively long
supply lines to the dispenser,
the Authority having jurisdiction
may authorize the installation of storage tan'ks on a pier
provided that applicable portions of Subsection 2.4.4 relati\e
to spacing, diking and piping are complied with
am
the
quantit¥ so stored does not exceed 1,000 gallons aggregate
capacity;
(5)
Shore storage tanks supplying marine service stations may be
located aboveground, where rock ledges or high water
tahJ~
make underground tanks impractical.
(6)
Where storage tanks are at an elevation which would producp
gravity head on the dispensing unit, the storage tank
ou[~
78.
J'
shall be equipped with an approved check valve positioned
adjacent to and outside the storage tank valve specified
in Sentence 2.~.6.2
(3) to prevent syphoning action from
the storage tank in the event of line rupture.
(7)
Piping between shore storage tanks and dispensing units shall
be as specified in Subsection 2.4.5. except that where
dispensing is from a floating structure, suitable lengths
of approved flexible hose may be employed between the
shore piping and the piping on the floating structure as
may be necessary to accommodate the change in water level
or shore line.
(8)
A
~eadily
accessible valve to shut off the supply from shore
shall be provided
in~ch
pipeline at or within 6 ft.
of the
pier.
(9)
Piping shall be located so as to be protected from the danger
of mechanical damage.
2.4.6.10
ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND WIRING
All electrical equipment and
w~ring
shall be of a type specified
/
by and shall be installed in accordance with the Canadian Electrical
Code, CSA C22.l.
2.4.6.11 HEATING EQUIPMENT
(1)
Heating and air-conditioning equipment shall be installed to
conform to the following Standards, or to the corresponding
Provincial Regulations:(a)
CSA B139-l97l "Installation Code for Oil Burning
Equipment",
79.
(b)
CSA B'!49.l-l97l, "Installation Code for Natural Gas
Burning Appliances and Equipment"-,
(c)
CSA B149.2-l969, "Installation Code for PI;'opane Burning
Appliances and Equipment", or
(d)
2.4.6.12
(1)
CSA C22.l-l969, "Canadian Electrical Code, Part 1".
DRAINAGE AND WASTE DISPOSAL
Provision shall be made in the area where flammable liquids
i
are dispensed to p~event spilled liquids from flowin~ into
the interior of service station buildings.
Such provision
may be by grading driveways, raisini"door sills, or other
Senten~es
equally effective means complying with
2.4.3.7
(8) and (9) I
(2)
Crankcase drainings and flammable or combustible liquids
shal~
not be dumped into sewers but shall
b~
stored in
special tanks or drums outside of any building until removed
from the premises.
(3)
Where used or waste oil is collected,
(a)
in a tank:
(i)
the tank shall be installed underground outside
the building,
(ii)
the fill pipe shall be
~ightly
cap~ed
at all times
when not in actual use, and fill pipes shall be
located outside the building,
(iii) the tank shall be vented 'to outside air in accordance
with Sentence 2.4.4.3, and
o
so.
t~e
(iv)
fill pipe and the pipe through which the
use or waste oil is removed shall be installed
and protected in accordance
w~th
Sentence 2.4.4.11;
or
(b)
in a cQntainer, the requirements of this Code governing
)
flammable liquids apply to the handling of the used or
waste
(4)
and to the container.
oi~
All waste tank fill pipes not equipped with a tight fitting
cover on the ~ate this Code comes into force shall be so
equipped within 6 months of that date.
2.4.6.13
(1)
ELIMINATION OF SOURCES OF IGNITION
In addition to the dispensing procedures specified in
Sentence 2.4.6.3. at every service station and con~umer
outlet there shall be at least one clearly legible sign for
each pump island, or dispensing location,
(a)
not smaller than S! inches by 11 inches;
and
(b)
bearing the words "No Smoking within 10 Feet - Turn
Ignition Off While Being Refuelled" in letters not less
than one inch in height.
(2)
The sign referred to in (1) above shall be painted in black
on yellow ground, the colours to conform to CGSB Spec. l-GP-12c,
Code 505-101 or Code 505-301 for "Safety Yellow" and Code
512-101 t -201, or -301 for "Traffic Sign Black" and shall be
so
~ocated
as to be visible to all drivers as they approach
the pump island or dispensing location.
o
81.
2.4.6.14
(1)
LEAK TESTING
To facilitate ea,rly detection 0'£ und:e.r:g:round lea:ks., ,the
operators of service stations and ot'he,r if'aci'tl'tie's ·,b'av.i·n'g
underground storage tanks shall"
(a)
ensure that the storage tanks ,a,re ,g.auged o,r 'dlp,ped"
including water dips, at le'a's't d'aily.
e~,c:e,p.t
:S~unda:y
for facilities closed on 't'h'a't ,day;;
(b)
maintain a record for each ,stor,ag,e ·tank 'to provi'de a
permanent record of gauge o'r 'di:p r,eadl,ngs;
\
(c)
record water dips in accordance ~ith {~J 3bo~e~
(d)
reconcile gauge or dip readin'gs 'w'iit'h 'meter rea·dings
daily;
(e)
when the reconciliation requir~~ by td) ab6ve reflectS
a possible loss of flammable or ;c·ombu's',ti'bTe ii'gui'ds,
or when the water dip excee'ds '2 t.n:c·h·e's"
.re,p·o.r:t i:n
writing immediately to fhe owner o\f :the .fa'cllity.;
(f)
retain all gauge or dip records £or at.ieast 1
and
yea~s
for insrection purposes.
(2)
When a leak is suspected, or when the
jurisdiction so requests,
kut'horl~y ~aving
the owner of ,u.n'd'eriground
~tor~~
tanks shall,
(a)
arrange for recorded pressure tests with read~ngs 4
hours and 12 hours from commencement ,o,n ,un'd,ergr'ound
storage tanks and piping at
(i)
(ii)
pr~ssure$
of
5 psig maximum for unco¥e~ed storag.e"tanks;
not less than 5 psig and not more than [5 psig fo~
covered storage tanks,
and
(iii)
a maximum of 50 psig or one and one-half
times the operating pressure, whichever is
greater, but not more than 100 psig, for piping,
(b)
When applying pressures in accordance wiih (a) above
take ap~ropriate measures to guard against the hazards
that may be associated with pressure testing, where
"
I.
explosive'mixtuies of gasolin~ and air may be present;
(c)
Ensure that all lines are disconnected at the storage
tank prior to application of the line pressure test;
(d)
Ensure that no pressure test is performed with liquid
in the storage tank unless prior
specifi~
approval in
writing has been obtained from the Authority having
jurisdiction.
'(e)
Arrange 'f or immediate repair or rep lacemen t
0
f leakin g
systems;
(f)
Take all steps reasonable in the circumstances to recover
escaped liquid before back-filling after repairs:
(g)
Report all leaks to the nearest Authority having jurisdiction with 12 hours of discovery of the leak;
(h)
and
Ensure that the pressure gauges used in testing for leaks
are calibrated in increments not greater than,
(i)
one-tenth of one pound per square inch for the tank
'test on the storage tank; and
(ii)
one~half
tests.
of one pound per square inch for the piping
83.
2.4.6.15
UNUSED STORAGE TANKS
Regardless of location, underground storage tanks for flammable
combustible liquids that are not in use shall be handled as
described in Subsection 2.4.12 -
Abandonment and Removal of
Underground Storage Tanks or Temporary Withdrawal from S~rvice .
. 4.6.16
PROPERTY SOLD OR LEASED
When a licensed property having storage tanks used for gasoline
or associated products is sold or leased, the owher of the property
shall inform the purchaser or'lessee of the existence of the
storage tanks and, shall provide proo f t ha t
t.he s tora,ge tanks
comply with the requirements of Subsection 2.-4.12 ..
2.4.6.17
(1)
FIRE PROTECTION
At every service station, including
ma~ine
service stations
there shall be at least two extinguishers,
(a)
suitable for extinguishing gasoline or associated
product fires;
(b)
so located as to be readily acces?ible from every
part of the service station;
(c)
maintained at all times in efficient fire fighting
condition;
(d)
having an effective
20 B,
(2)
and
at
least
C.
In certain cases of unusual hazards the Authority having
jurisdiction may require additional fire extinguishing
apparatus as specified in Part 4 of this 'Code.
41\
84.
BULK PLANTS
2.4.7
2.4.7.1
(1)
STORAGE
Flammable and combustible liquids shall be stored in closed
containers, or in storage tanks aboveground outside of
bul~dings,
(2)
or underground in accordance with Subsection 2.4.4.
Containers for flammable or combustible liquids when
pi~ed
one upon·the other -shall be separated by noncombustible
dunnage sufficient to provide stability and to prevent
excessive stress on container walls.
The height of pile
shall be consistent with stability and strength of containers.
(3)
Leak testing of underground storage tanks and piping shall
be carried out in accordance with the requirements of
Sentence 2.4.6.14 except that:
(a)
Storage tanks shall be gauged or dipped, including
dips, at least weekly;
(b)
wat~r
and
gauge or dip readings shall be reconciled with receipt
and issue records weekly.
(4)
Bulk storage storage tanks, piping, pumps, valves and
associated components shall be designed, installed and
maintained to prevent shock pressure in the system.
2.4.7.2
(1)
BUILDINGS
Exits: Rooms in
whi~h
flammable or combustible liquids are
stored or pumped shall have sufficient exit facilities so
arranged to minimize any danger of occupants being trapped
in the event of fire.
85.
(2)
Heating: Rooms in which flammable liquids are stored, dispensed,
or transferred shall be
he~ted
only by means not constituting
a source of ignition, such as by steam or hot water.
Rooms
containing heating appliances involving sources of ignition
shall be located and arranged to prevent entry of flammable
vapours,
(3)
Ventilation: Ventilation shall be provided for
~ll
rooms,
buildings, or enclosures in which flammable liquids are
pumped or dispensed.
The design of the
ventllat~on
systems
shall take into account the relatively high specific gravity
of the vapours.
Natural ventilation may be designed for by
the provision of openings in outside walls at floor level
unobstructed except by louvres or coarse screens.
Where
such ventilation is inadequate, mechanical ventilation shall
be provided.
(4)
Flammable liquids shall not be stored, dispensed, or transferred
within a building having a basement or pit into which flammable
vapours may travel, unless such area is provided with mechanical
ventilation designed to prevent the accumulation of flammable
vapours therein.
(5)
Flammable liquids shall only be dispensed or
transfe~red
inside
buildings by the use of approved moveable, completely enclosed
pumping equipment unless special provisions are made and
approved to prevent the accumulation of flammable vapo4rs in
,
hazardous concentrations.
Where this 'is accomplished by
mechanical ventilation, the ventilati~n system shall ~e kept
,
'
86.
in operation while flammable liquids are being handled
and suitably electrically interlocked with the lighting
equipment.
2.4.7.3.
(1)
LOADING AND UNLOADING FACILITIES
Tank vehicle and tank car loading or unloading facilities
shall be separated from aboveground storage tanks, warehouses,
other plant
bui~dings
or nearest line of
adjoini~g
property,
that may be built upon by a distance of 10 ft.
for flammable
or combustible liquids measured horizontally.
Buildings
for pumps or shelters for personnel may be considered a part
of the facility.
(2)
Equipment such as piping, pumps, and meters used for the
transfer of flammable liquids between storage tanks and
tlP
iill stem of the loading rack shall not be used for the
transfer of combustible liquids.
(3)
Except when, used for combustible liquids with a flash point
at or over l40 o F. valves for the final control for filling
tank vehicles shall be of the self-closing type.
They
shall be manually held open LXC2pt where automatic means are
provided for shutting off the flow when the vehicle is full
or after
(4)
filli~g
of a preset amount.
Static protection:
Bonding facilities for protection against
static sparks during the loading of tank vehicles through open
domes shall be provided:
(a)
where flammable
liquid~
are loaded, or
,,
87.
(b)
where combustible liquids are loaded into vehicles
which may contain vapours from previous cargoes of
flammable liquids.
(5)
Bonding as required in (4) above' shall consist of a
metallic bond wire permanently electrically connected to
the fill stem or to some part of the rack structure in
electrical contact with the fill stem. ' The free end of
,
such wire shall be provided with a clamp or equivalent
device for convenient attachment to some metallic part in
electrical contact with the cargo tank of the tank vehicle.
Tank vehicles not so equipped shall be required to be
modified to comply within a period of 12 months of the
date of adoption of this Code.
(6)
The bonding connection required in (4) above shall be
made fast to the vehicle or storage tank before dome covers
are raised and shall remain in place until filling is
completed and all dome covers have been closed and secured.
(7)
Bonding as specified in (4),
(5) and
(6) above is not
required:
(a)
where vehicles are loaded exclusively with liquids
not having a static accumulating tendency, such as
asphalts including 'cutback asphalts, most crude oils,
residual oils and water soluble
(b)
li~~id~.
Where no flammable liquids are handled at the loading
facility and the tank vehicles loaded are used
exclusively for combustible liquids;
and
88.
(c)
where vehicles are loaded or unloaded through closed
bottom or top connections whether the hose or pipe
is' conductive or non-conductive.
NOTE:
Sinc~
there is no release of vapour where a spark
could
~ccur,
bonding is not necessary and the hose
or pipe may be conducting or non-conducting.
(8)
Filling through
~pen
~omes
I
into the storage tanks of tank
vehicles or tank cars" that contain vapour-air mixtures
fi~led
within the flammable range or where the liquid'being
can form such a mixture, shall be by means of a downspout
which extends near the bottom of the storage tank.
This
precaution is not required when loading liquids which are
non-accumulators of static charges.
(9)
Facilities ,that do not comply with (8) above on the date
this Code came into force shall be modified to comply
with the requirements within 12 months of the adoption of
this Code.
(10)
Container filling facilities:
fla~~a~le
liquids shall not
be dispensed into metal containers unless the nozzle and
container are electrically interconnected.
metallic floorplate
o~
Where the
which the container stands during
filling operations is electrically connected to the fill
stem or where the fill stem is bonded to the container
during filling operations by means of a bond wire,
the bonding
provisions shall be deemed to have been complied with.
89.
2.4.1.4
ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT OF WIRING
All electrical equipment and wiring shall be of a type specified
by and shall be installed in accordance with the Canadian
Electrical Code, CSA C22.1.
,
2.4.7.5
ELIMINATION OR SOURCES OF IGNITION
Flammable liquids shall not be handled, drawn or dispensed
Smoking
where flammable vapours may reach a source of ignition.
shall be prohibited except in locations designated by the
Authority having jurisdiction. "No Smoking" signs shall be
conspicuously posted where hazards
fro~:
flammable
liS~~~s
vapours
normally present and the rule enforced.
2.4.7.6
DRAINAGE AND WASTE DISPOSAL
Provision shall be made to prevent flammable or combu'st'ible liquids
which may be spilled at loading or unloading p~ints from entering
public sewers and drainage system, or natural waterways by
complying with the requirements of Sentences
2.4.3.~(8)
and
(9).
Crankcase drainings and flammable or combustible liquids shall
not be dumped into sewers but shall be stored in special tanks
or drums outside of any building until removed from the premises.
2.4.7.7
FIRE PROTECTION
Suitable fire extinguishing devices, such as small hose or portab1e
fire extinguishers shall be provided at hazard0us locations.
Additional fire extinguishing
~.!_~!"age
tan_~
equipme~t
may be required where
over 40,000 gallons individual capacity contains
flammable liquids and where an unusually severe exposure hazard
exists from surrounding property.
Such additional fire extinguishing
equipment shall be sufficient to extinguish a fire in the largest
90.
storage tank.
The design and amount of such equipment shall be
in accordance with approved engineering standards.
2.4.8
PIERS AND WHARVES
2.4.8.1
(1)
SCOPE AND APPLICATION
This Article
describes
the requirements for flammable and
.
.
combustible liquid installations on piers and wharves,
including bulk transfer stations.
(2)
It does not cover marine service stations covered in Sentence
2.4.6.9.
2.4.8.2
(1)
GENERAL
Packaged cargo of flammable or
combustibl~
liquids, including
full and empty drums and containers, bulk fuel and stores
may be handled over a wharf during cargo transfer at suell
times and places as may be agreed upon by the wharf superintendent and the senior deek officer on duty.
(2)
Wharves at which flammable or cornhustible liquid cargoes
are to be transferred in bulk quantjties to or from t&nk
vessels shall be at least 100 feet from any bridge over a
navigable waterway, or from an entrance to a superstructure
of any vehicular or railroad tunnel under a waterway.
The
termination of the wharf loading or unloading fixed piping
shall be at least 200 feet from a bridge or from an entrance
to a superstructure of a tunnel.
(3)
The substructure and deck shall be substantially designc,[
for the use intendeo, and shall he constructed of material
that will afford the desired combination of flexibility,
,,
91.
resistance to shock, durability, strength and fire·
resistance.
2.4.8.3
(1)
Heavy timber construction is acceptable.
STORAGE TANKS
Aboveground storage tanks shall be located on shore, in
accordance with the requirements of Sentences 2.4.4.2
through 2.4.4.7 concerning aboveground storage tanks, except
as permitted in (4).
(2)
Underground storage tanks may be buried in piers and
wharves of the solid fill type subject to the requirements
of Sentences 2.4.4.8 through 2.4.4.11 concerning underground
storage tanks.
(3)
Enclosed storage tanks may be installed on piers and wharves
of fire resistive or solid fill type construction subject
to the requirements of Sentence 2.4.4.12 concerning inside
storage tanks, and subject to the specific approval of the
Authority having jurisdiction.
(4)
Unenclosed approved drums or storage tanks, not exceeding 50
gallons individual capacity may be used for fuel supplies
to heating equipment.
2.4.8.4
(1)
PIPING, VALVES AND FITTINGS'
GENERAL
The method of installation and materials used for piping,
valves and fittings shall conform to the requirements of
Subsection 2.4.5.
(2)
LOCATION AND ARRANGEMENT
\
92.
(a)
Piping shall be supported in a substantial and
wo~kmanlike
manner and arranged to prevent excessive vibration
or strain on connecting equipment.
Piping supports
shall be of timber having no dimension less than 6 inches
or of steel or concrete.
If pipe is supported more
than 4 feet above the pier deck, piping supports shall
have a minimum fire resistance rating of 2 hours.
(b)
In areas where general cargo is handled or where piping
might be subject to mechanical injury from vehicles or
vessels, the piping shall be suitably protected either
by location or by other means of a guard arrangement.
(c)
Piping between shore and piers and wharves of timber
construction shall be provided with swing joints, or
approved flexible connections to permit the independent
movement of the piers or wharf and shore piping without
strain on the pipe.
(d)
Piping shall be equipped with valves on shore as required
in sentence 2.4.6.9(a) so
locat€~
uS
to be easily
accessible and not be endangererl by a possible fire.
(e)
Access openings for inspection purposes shall be
provided to valves and connections to pipe lines below
deck and suitable sign shall be posted indicating their
location.
No freight or materlals shall be placed
on piers of wharves in such a manner as to obstruct
these openings.
93.
(f)
Identification tags or labels of metal or other
suitable material impervious to water and t9 the
flammable or combustible liquids being transferred,
sha~l
be attached to ammaintained on all pipelines
and control valves to designate their use.
(3)
TESTS
Piping systems shall be pressure tested in accordance with
the requirements,of Sentence 2.4.5.7. before being put
into service and at least~annually.
2.4.8.5
(1)
ELECTRICAL
EQUIPMENT·
Electrical equipment in the vicinity of pumps an9 dispensing
equipment and in any area. where vapour-air explosive mixtures
may be formed shall conform to the requirements of Article
2.4.5. Piping and Pumping Systems, and Sentence
(2)
(2) below.
BONDING OF RAILWAY TRACKS
Railway tracks on'any·pier or wharf shall be bonded throughout
their length and permanently grounded in accordance with
General Order 881 6f the Canadian Transport Commission.
Insulating joints shall be placed in all rails where entering
upon the pier or wharf.
2.4.8.6
(1)
SMOKING AND OPEN FLAMES
SMOKING
Smoking shall be prohibited in the vicinity of pumps and
fueling equipment and the area shall be designated by posting
NO SMOKING signs.
94.
(2)
WELDING AND CUTTING, BLOW TORCHES
Where welding or cutting operations or blow torches are
being used in the vicinity of combustible
material,
such.~onstruction
const~uction
or material shall
b~
or
pro~ected
from direct contact with the flame.
2.4.8.7
(1)
FIRE PROTECTION
Portable fire extinguishers shall be provided in the vicinity
of flammable liquid pumps and fueling equipment 1n accordance
with the requirements of Part 4.
(2)
(3)
Q
Extinguishers shall be kept in the pump house or other suitable
location where they will be accessible in the
ev~nt
emergency, but where they will not be exposed
~o
of
pilfering.
Vessels loading or unloading flammable or combustible liguids
or being
refu~lled
shall be required to
plac~
suitable
extinguishers on the pier or. wharf so that they will be
accessible in the event of emergency.
(4)
Fire protection for storage tanks or other major installations
shall be provided in accordance with the requirements of
Subsection 2.4.4, aboveground storage tanks.
(5)
2.4.8.8
(1)
Arrangements shall be made so that
operati~g
personnel know
how to summon the local or mearest fire department. in the event
of fire.
BULK TRANSFER STATIONS
LOCATION
(a)
Bulk transfer of flammable or combustible liquids shall
only be permitted on piers or wharves used for no other
purpose except as permitted in (b).
·.
95.
(b)
Where it is not practicable to locate bulk transfer
stations on separate piers and wharves, such
stat~ons
may be located on general purpose piers and wharves
subject to specific approval in writing from the
Authority having jurisdiction.
In such cases suitable
guards or fences shall be provided around pumping
equipment to prevent the entry of unauthorized personnel.
(c)
Where practicable, a sump pit or settling basin shall
be provided at transfer stations to carry off possible
leakage from hose couplings in compliance with the
requirements of Sentences 2.4.3.7
(2)
(8)
and (9) •
HOSE CONNECTIONS
(a)
Hose connections on piping shall be of the bolted flange
type and all such connections shall be provided with
shut-off valves.
(b)
Hose connections shall not project beyond the face of
the pier or wharf.
(3)
CARGO HOSE
(a)
Transfer of flammable or combustible liquids between
tank vessels and piers or wharves shall be through
approved flexible cargo hose or approved flexible jointed
tubing or piping.
(b)
Cargo hose if used shall be of an
~_~ed
type suitable
for the cargo to be transferred, designed to withstand
safely the maximum working pressure to- which it is to
be subjected, and be maintained in sati~factor~. condition.
It shall be pressure
retested at least once
annually.
·.
96.
(e)
To minimize the danger of chafing and
~inking
during
transfer operations, cargo hose shall he supported
where it is not run on a solid foundation.
(4)
CARGO PUMPS
(a)
Cargo pumps shall be designed and installed in accordanc,
with Subsection 2.4.5, piping and eltmping systems.
(b)
.Cargo pumps capable of building up pressures in
exces~
of the safe working pressure of the cargo'hose shall
be provided with return lines, relief valves or some
other approved arrangement.
(c)
Cargo pumps shall be located either on shore or on
piPl~
and wharves of non-combustible construction or of the
(d)
solid-fill type and at least 10 feet
from other
.or structures except as permitted in
Cd) below.
builJ:.l~s
Where it is not practicable to install cargo pumps on
shore or on non-combustible or solid fill piers or
wha:-,;~::;
and subject to specific approval in writing from the
Authority having
jurisdict'~('n,
t:'t:y may be
instal led ('"
piers and wharves of comhustibl.e c(:nstruction if
1')C0[":;
in pump houses as described in Sf:'ntcncC' 2.4.8.8,(:")
detached at least 10 feet
:lnd
from other buildings or
structures.
(5)
PUMP HOUSES.
(a)
Pump houses shall be of noncombustible construction.
The floors shall-be chemically resistant to the
being handled,
liqui~
liquid-tight and built up inxo curbs
f I ash in gsa r a un d
the wa l I t ('
cl
t
"1:2.' ~,t
4
~r
inc h e s i n 11 (' i
~ 11 t
97.
(b)
Ventilation and venting shall be provided in accordance
with the requirements of Sentence 2.4.3.5.
(6)
TRANSFER OPERATIONS
(a)
Transfer operations shall only be carried out under
the supervision and continuous presence of a qualified
person.
(b)
Tank vessels shall be electrically connected to the
shore pipfng prior to
th~
connecting of cargo hose
but not when cathodic protection facilities are
operating to prevent corrosion of the wharf or ship's
hull.
This electrical
co~nection
shall be maintained
until the cargo hose has been disconnected and any
spillage has been removed.
(c)
The cargo hose shall be of adequate length to allow for
the movement of the vessel.
Gaskets shall be used in
all hose joints and pipe couplings to prevent leakage
and where flanged joints are used at least three bolts
shall be used to ensure tight connections. ,/Suitable
drip pans shall be placed under hose connections on the
pier or wharf in case there may be leakage, except where
a sump pit or settling basin is provided.
(d)
Cargo shall not be transferred to or from an unmanned
vessel.
(e)
Prior to the transfer of cargo,
the person responsible
for directing the operations shall ascertain that no
unauthorized repair work is being carried out on the pivr
98.
or wharf and that there are no fires or open flames
in the vicinity.
(f)
During the transfer of cargo, the person responsible
for directing the operations shall maintain a constant
•
check on the progress of the loading or unloading of the
cargo to prevent overflow.
'
\
Hose and connections shall be carefully checked for
1eakeage.
(g)
When transfer
oper~tions
are completed, the valves
on the hose connections shall be closed, the cargo hose
drained into appropriate facilities and such facilities
shall then be emptied in a manner complying with Sentence
2.4.7.6.
Care shall be taken that no liquid is dis-
charged on to the pier or wharf or overboard during these
operations.
2.4.9
INDUSTRIAL MANUFACTURING PLANTS
2.4.9.1
(1)
SCOPE AND APPLICATION
This Article shall only apply to:
(~)
Industrial manufacturing plants where the use of
flammable or combustible liquids is incidental to the
principal business such as
automobi~e
assembly, assembly
of electronic equipment, and furniture manufacturing; or
(b)
plants where flammable or combustible liquids are
handled or used only in unit physical operations such as
mixing, drying, evaporating, filtering, distilling and
,
.
similar operations which do not involve chemical reactions,
,,
99.
such as plants compounding cosmetics, pharmaceuticals,
solvents,
(2)
cleaning fl,uids and insecticides.
This Article shall not apply to chemical plant refineries
or distilleries which are covered in Subsection 2'.4.11.
(3)
Where portions of manufacturing occupancies involve the use
,-
" 7;\>
of flammable or combustible liquids
such as oxidation,
reduction,
in unit chemical operations,
halogenation,
alkylation and polymerization,
hydrogenation,
those portions of the plant
shall meet the requirements of Subsection 2.4.10 -
Processing
Buildings.
2.4.9.2
(1)
INCIDENTAL STORAGE AND USE OF FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS
All flammablo or combustible liquids shall be stored in
storage tanks or approved container3.
(2)
Containers shall be located in approved storage cabinets
meeting the requirements of Sentence 2.4.3.4;
ins ide s tor a ,~ e r
2 . 4 . 3 .5;
0
me e tin g the· r e qui rem e n t s
£!!l§
2,p~roved
in
0
f
Sen ten c e
or may be located in an olJen bLlilding area provirl't>d
the quantity in allY one fire are,1 d ,c, n ,t e}..ceed:
(a)
20 gall<Jus of flammahle
(b )
1 0 0 gall () n S
0
f
f1 am ma b} c'
liqt:id~,
wiLh a
11 q ':1_:!: ~_~,
vI i
th a
flash point below
f 1 ash poi n tab 0 v e
73 0 F, and combustible liquids.
(3)
Where the ~se of large quanti~ies of
liquid~
is essential,
flammable or comtu~tible
they shall he kept
in storage tanks
complying with the 3pplicahle requirements of Subsection 2.4.4,
storage tank.
~
·'
100.
(4)
Areas in which flammable or combustible liquids are transferred
from one storage tank or container to another container shall
be separated from other operations in the building by an
approved space or fire separation.
HANDLING LIQUIDS AT POINT OF FINAL USE
Flammable or combustible liquids shall be kept in covered
containers
(2)
~hen
not actually in use.
Where flammable or combustible liquids are used or handled,
except in closed containers, means shall be provided to
dispose promptly and
(3)
s~fely
of leakage or spills.
Flammable liquids may be used only where there are no open
---
flames or other sources of ignition within the possible path
of vapour travel.
(4)
--------------~--
Flammable liquids shall be drawn from or transferred into
containers or storage tanks within a building only through
a closed piping
system~
from safely cans, by means of a device
drawing through the top, or from a container by gravity
through an approvEd self-closing valve.
Transferring of any
liquid by means of air pressure on the rontainer or storage
tanks is prohibited.
2.4.9.4
(1)
UNIT PHYSICAL OPERATIONS
The location of unit operations in buildings shall be such
that each unit of equipment is accessible from at least one
side for firefighting purposes.
(2 )
Buildings shall be located with respect
to property lines
as stipulated in Sentences 2.4.10.2(1) and 2.4.10.2(2)
except that the blank wall referred to in Sentence 2.4.10.2(2)
, ,
101
shall have a
(3)
min~mum
fire resistance rating of two hours.
Areas where unstable liquids are handled, or small scale
unit chemical processes 'are carried on,shall be separated
from the remainder of the building by a minimum fire separation
of two hours.
4.9.5
DRAINAGE
Emergency drainage systems shall be provided- to direct any leakage
of flammable or combustible liquids together with water used for
fire
fight~ng
to a safe location, as required in Sentences
2.4.3.7(8) and
2.4.9.6
(1)
(9).
VENTILATION
Areas in which flammable liquids are used shall be ventilated
at a rate of not less than one cubic foot per minute per
square foot of solid floor area.
by mechanical ventilation
building.
This shall be accomplished
dischar~ing
outside of the
Provision shall be made for the introduction of
make-up air in such a manner as not interfere with the
ventilation pattern.
Ventilation shall be made to all floor
areas and pits where flammable vapours may collect.
,
(2)
Local or spot general ventilation may be needed for the ,control
of special fire or health hazards.
Such ventilation, if
provided, may be utilized for up to 75% of the requir.ed
ventilation.
(3)
Equipment used in a building and the ventilation of the building
shall be designed so as to limit flammable vapour-air
mixture~;
under normal operating conditions to the interior of eqUipmpnt,'".{,_
, '
102.
and to not more than five feet from such equipment.
2.4.9.7
LIQUID HANDLING
The storage, transfer and handling of liquids shall comply with
Sentence 2.4.10.4.
'. /4l....2 • 4 • 9 . 8
,11
(1)
TANK VEHICLE AND TANK CAR LOADING AND UNLOADING
Tank vehicle and tank car loading or unloading facilities
'J
shall be separated from aboveground storage tanks, warehouses,
other plant buildings or nearest line of adjoining property
by a distance of 25 feet for flammable liquids and 15 feet
for combustible liquids measured from the nearest position
of any fill stem.
(2)
Operations of the loading and unloading facility shall comply
with the appropriate portions of Subsection 2.4.7 - Bulk Plants.
2.4.9.9
(1)
FIRE PROTECTION
Portable fire extinguishment and control equipment shall be
provided in-such quantities and types as required by the
Authority having jurisdiction for the special hazards of
operation and storage and in accordance with the requirements
of Part 4.
(2)
Water shall be available in volume and at adequate pressure
to supply water hose streams, foam-producing equipment, automatic sprinklers or water spray systems as the need is
indicated by the special hazards of operation, dispensing and
stqrage.
(3)
Special extinguishing equipment such as that utilizing foam,
inert gas, or dry chemical shall be provided as required
by the Authority having jurisdiction for the special hazards
103.
of operation, dispensing and storage.
(4)
Where the need is indicated by special hazards of operation,
and as required by the Authority having jurisdiction,
flammable or combustible liquid processing equipment, major
piping, and supporting steel shall be protected by approved
water spray systems, deluge systems, approved fire resistant
c 0 a tin g s, ins u 1 a t ion
(5)
0
r \a nyc 0 mbin at i
0 IT
0
f
the s e .
All plant fire protection facilities shall be maintained
and periodically inspected and tested by the owner or his
authorized representative to make sure they are always in
satisfactory operating condition, and that they shall be
acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction and serve
their purpose in time of emergency.
2.4.9.10
(1)
SOURCES OF IGNITION
Precautions shall be taken to prevent the ignition of
flammable vapours.
Sources of ignition include but are not
limited to open flames;
lightning;',
welding;
frictional reat;
hot surfaces;
and mechanical sparks;
smoking;
cutting and
static, electrical
spontaneous ignition, including
"-
heat-producing chemical reaction;
ra,liant heat;
and industrial
trucks.
(2)
Flammable ljquids shall not be dispensed
Lnto metal containers
unless <the nozzle and container are elE:ctl'ic2ll~T interconnected.
Where the metallic floorplate on whlch the container-stands
while filling is electrically connected to the fill stem or
where the fill stem is bonded to thp container during filljng
operations by means of a ~ond wire,
the provisions of this
.~
',
\
"
104.
Sentence shall be deemed to have been complied with.
2.~.9.ll
ELECTRICAL
WIRING
~
EQUIPMENT
All electrical wiring and equipment shall be of a type specified
by and shall be installed in accordance with the Canadian
,~
Electrical Code C22.l.
~9.l2
REPAIRS TO EQUIPMENT
\
~
Hot work, such as welding or cutting operations, use of sparkproducing power tools, and chipping operations shall be permitted
only
und~
supervision of an individual in responsible charge after
an inspection has been- made of the area to be sure that it is safe
for the work to be done and that safe procedures are followed
for the work specified.
2.4.9.13
(1)
GENERAL CARE AND CLEANLINESS
Maintenance and operating practices shall be established and
enforced to control leakage and prevent the accidental escape
of flammable or combustible liquids. Spills shall be cleaned
up promptly.
(~)
Aisles of adequate width shall be maintained for the unobstructed
movement of personnel and fire department apparatus so that
fire fighting operations can be carried out on any part of
flammable or combustible liquid storage, use, or any unit
physical operation.
(3)
Combustible waste material and residues in a building or unit
operating area shall be kept to a minimum, stored in covered
J-
_ i
(4)
metal receptacles and disposed of daily.
Ground area
aro~nd
buildings and unit operating areas shall be
kept free of weeds, trash or other combustible materials.
105.
2.4.10
2.4.10.1
(1)
PROCESSING PLANTS
SCOPE AND APPLICATION
This Article shall apply to those plants or buildings which
contain chemical operations such as oxidation, reduction,
halogenation, hydrogenation, alkylation, polymerization
and other chemical processes.
(2)
It shall not apply to chemical plants, refineries, or
distilleries which are covered in
2.4.10.2
(1)
Subsectio~
2.4.11.
LOCATION
The location of each processing equipment shall be based up0n
its flammable or combustible liquid capacity.
Processing
equipment shall be located, with respect to distance to lines
of adjoining property in accordance with Table 2.4.10.2(1),
except when the processing'plant is des~gned in accordance
with the requirements of
(2) below.
TABLE 2.4.10.2(1)
LOCATION OF PROCESSING EQUIPMENT
-
------------------------------- ---
-
Minimum Distance of
Equipment to Property Line
Processing Equipment with Emergency
Relief Venting to Permit Pressure
Stable
Liquids
Unstable
Liquids
Not in excess of 2.5 psig
See Table
2.4.4.2(1) (a)*
2! times
Table
2.4.4.2(1) (a)*
over 2.5 psig
I! times
distance in
Table
2.4.4.2(1)(a)*
4 times distance in Table
2.4.4.2(1) (a)*
',',
, \
ub1e distances where protection of exposure is not provided.
106.
(2)
The distances required in (1) above may be waived when the
equipment is located within a building and the exterior
wall facing the line of adjoining property is a blank wall
having a fire resistance rating of not less than four hours.
When flammable liquids with a flash point of below 73 0 F.,
~~
,~
or unstable liquids are handled, the blank wall shall have
explosion resistance in accordance with good engineering
practices, see Sentence 2.4.10.3(4).
2.4.10.3
(1)
PROCESSING BUILDINGS
Construction
(a)
Processing buildings shall be of noncombustible construction, except heavy timber ,construction with load-bearing
walls may be permitted for plants utilizing only stable
combustible liquids.
Except as provided in Sentence
2.4.io.2(2) or in the case of explosion resistant walls
used in conjunction with explosion relieving facilities,
see Sentence 2.4.10.3(4),
prohibited.
load-bearing walls shall be
Buildings handling flammable or cumbsutible
basements or covered pits.
NOTE:
(i)
Processing buildings should be limited in height and
area, depending upon the tyr0 of construction and
private fire protection provided, to minimize the
possibility of fire of such extent as to jeopardize
public safety.
(ii)
Processing buildings with numerous accessible exteriI
openings offer favouraule
features for fire
·.
107.
aii) Provision for smoke and heat venting may be
desirable to assist access for fire fighting.
(b)
All processing areas shall have adequate exjt facilities
arranged to prevent occupants from being trapped in
the event of fire.
Exits shall not be exposed by the
drainage facilities described in
(2)
(2) below.
Drainage
Emergency drainage systems shall be provided to direct
flarr:.I'Ja~~e
or combustible liquid leakage and fire protection
water to a safe location,
in accordance with the
requirements of Sentences 2.4.3.7
(3)
(8)
and
(9).
Ventilation
(a)
Encloseri processing buildings handling flammable
corn h 1] S t
j
b1e
_~i q 1] i
d ~ s 11 a 11 b "" v e n til ate d a t a r ate
not lesti than one cubic foot
foot of solid floor area
p~r
0
f
minute per square
Mechanical ventilation
discharging outside of the Duilding.
be made for
or
the introduction of
Provision shall
make~up
air in such a
manner as to not interfere with the ventilation pattern.
Ventilation shall be made to al]
where flammable vapours rna)
(b)
Local or spot
floor areas and pits
colle~t.
general ventilation may be needed
control of special fire or health hazards.
tion,
for
Such venti 1.1-
if provided, may be utilized for up to 75% of
required ventilation.
the
th~
108.
(c)
Equipment used in a building and the ventilation of
the building shall be designed so as to limit flammable
vapour-air mixtures under normal operating conditions
to the interior of equipment, and to not more than five
feet from such equipment.
Explosion
Vent~n~
flash peint below 73 0 F.
Areas where flammable liquids with a
or unstable li..s...uids are processed shall have :xplosicn venting
through one or fJore of the following
2.4.10.4
(1)
(a)
open air cocsrruction;
(b)
lightweight walls and
(c)
lightweight \.) ... 11
(d)
windows of an approved
nH
th· .. ds:
roof~
panels and rv·f
expl0sio~
!1.at.
>0':::'
venrinr
typ~.
LIQUID HANDLING
Storaf,e
(a)
The storage of flamnable or
,storage
t~nks
provision of
com!::_I.,_~~r:.(,
Jj.qlllds
in
shall be in accordanrc wi th the applicable
Subsectj~n
2.~.4.
·... ·orage.
\
(b)
If
the storage of L;'ammabj~_.::...:___ T'~.·.~~~e
p rae tic alb e c au s e
0
cor. ~; ide rat i
pro rl u c t
!.c:nk~
CJl~ S
('
r
f
bui
ll~
j
in g 1- y -' a H s,
I.}
n (' ,) n s j d (.
may be permftted ins!·'" h.li]·"
ina ceo r dan c e wit h the
2 . 4 . 4 . 12.
<l
P jl ') 1..::i h
1 l!
1 '.
t:
t
~'.'!'
1 iq:J~ds
in
r. per a t u r e
ion G, .!? ,t o_~~~
I'r
i." r c " . ~. i ::- 1,
strt-crures
inS e n ten c e
. ':
..
109.
'Prodfiction con~ider~tioris'necessitating storage
NOTE:
inside buildings include but ~re not limited to high
viscosity, purity; sterility; hydroscopicity, sensitivity
to temperat~re change, and the need for temporary
storage pending completion of sample analysis.
(c)
Storage tanks ills ide buildings shall be permitted only
in areas at or above grade which have adequate drainage
and which are separated from the processing area by
construciion haviig a minimum fire resistance rating of
two hours.
Openings to other rooms or huildings shall be provided
with non combustible liquid-tight raised sills or ramps
at least 4 inches in height, or the
area
sha~l
floor.
fl~or
in the
stora~c
he at least 4 inches below the surrounding
0penings shall be prcitected with self-closing
fire doors.
The room shall be liquid tight where the
walls join the floor.
(d)
Day tanks,
running tanks,
sur~e
shall be permitted in process
containers shall be in
tanks,
and feed tanks
~rPdS.
accGr~~nr~
~jtl)
the
requircment~
of Suhspction 2 4.3.
(a)
Piping, ",-,lIves and fj t:_i·· s ':'
Subsection 2.4.5.
: k:l
~
11'-
in JccorJance .... iel1
110.
(b)
Appr?ve~
flexible connectors may be used where
vibration exists or where frequent movement is necessary.
Approved hose may be used at transfer stations.
(c)
Piping containing flammable or combustible liquids
shall be identified in accordance with the requirements
of Subsection 2.4.5.
(3)
Transfer
The transfer of large quantities of
fla~mable
or combustible
liquids shall be through piping by means of pumps or water
displacement in accordance with the requirements of Subsection
2•4•5 •
(4)
Equipment
(a)
Equipment shall be designed and arranged to prevent
the unintentional escape of liquids and vapours and to
minimize the quantity escaping in the event of accidental
release.
(b)
Where the vapour space of equipment is usually within
the flammable range,
the probability of explosion damage
to the equipment shall be limited by inerting, by providing
an explosion suppression system, or by designing the
equipment to contain the peak explosion pressure which
may be modified by explosion relief.
2.4.10.5
TANK VEHICLE AND TANK CAR LOADING AND UNLOADING
Tank vehicle and tank car loading or unloading facilities shall
be separated from aboveground
st0r~ge
tanks, warehouses, other plant
111.
buildings or nearest line of adjoining property by a distance
of 25 feet
for flammable liquids and 15 feet for combustible
liquids measured from the nearest position of any fill stem.
Buildings for pumps or shelters for personnel may be a part of
the facility.
Operations of the facility shall comply with the
appropriate portions of Subsection 2.4.7.
2.4.10.6
(1)
FIRE PROTECTION
Portable fire extinguishers of appropriate size,
type and
number shall be provided in accordance with the requirements
of Part 4.
(2)
Where the special hazards of operation or exposure indicate
a need,
the Authority having jurisdiction may require the
,
following fire control provisions.
(a)
A reliable water supply with pressure and quantity
adequate
to meet
the probable fire demands.
(b)
Hydrants in accordance with accepted good practice.
(c)
Hose connected
equtpm~nt
to a reliable water supply that all
induct pumps containi-:g .LLammable or combustLhl,
Noz7.:1es capable of discharging
(€')
Processing plants protected, by an :.::;.'1prove5!. automatic
i
wdter
sprinkler system or equivalent ext
•(3)
~3pray.
(d)
i~guishing
system .
{\.ppr!)ved pr<)Cl:Jures shall be established ,md enforced
wit~in
prompt notification o[ fire
to those
the nearest responding fire
departm~nt.
for
the plant and
Lv
112.
(4)
All plant fire protection facilities shall be adequately
maintained and periodically inspected and tested by the
owner or his authorized
representative to make sure they
are always in satisfactory operating condition and they
will serve their purpose in time of emergency.
2.4.10.7
(1)
ELIMINATION OF SOURCES OF IGNITION
Precautions shall be taken to prevent the accidental ignition
of flammable vapours by the elimination of all possible
sources of ignition.
NOTE:
Sources of ignition include but are not limited to
open flames;
lightning; smoking; cutting and welding;
hot surfaces; frictional heat; static, electrical and
mechanical sparks; spontaneous ignition, including heatproducing chemical reaction; and radiant heat.
(2)
Flammable liquids shall not be dispensed into containers
unless the nozzle and container are electrically interconnected.
Where the metallic floorplate on which the
container~
stand while filling is electrically connected to the fill
stem or where the fill stem is bonded to the container during
filling operations by means of a bond wjrc,
the provisions
of this Sentence shall be deemed to have heen complied with.
2.4.10.8
(1)
MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR
When necessary to do maintenance work in a flammable or
combustible liquid processing area, the work shall
and
supervi~e~
for this task.
~e
authorized
by a responsible person specifically appointed
113.
(2)
Hot work, such as welding or cutting operations, use of
spark-producing power tools, and chipping operations shall
be permitted only under supervision of an individual in
responsible charge after an inspection has been made of
the area.
4.10.9
ELECTRICAL WIRING AND EQUIPMENT
All electrical wiring and equipment shall be of a type specifie~
by and shall be 'installed in accordance with the Canadian
Electrical Code CSA C22.1.
2.4.10.10
(1)
GENERAL CARE AND CLEANLINESS
Maintenance and operating practices shall be in accordance
~
with established procedures which will tend to control
leakage and prevent the accidental escape of flammable or
combustible liquids.
(2)
Spills shall be cleaned up promptly.
Aisles of adequate width shall be maintained for the
unobstructed movement of personnel and fire department
apparatus so that fire fighting operations can be carried
out on any part of the processing equipment.
(3)
Combustible waste material and residues in a building or
operating area shall be kept to a minimum, stored in closed
metal waste cans, and
(4)
di~posed
of dailv.
Ground area around buildings and operating areas shall be
kept free of tall grass, weeds,
materials.
trash or other combustible
114.
2.4.11
2.4.11.1
REFINERIES) CHEMICAL PLANTS AND DISTILLERIES
STORAGE
Flammable or combustible liquids shall be stored in drums or
portable containers in accordance with Subsection 2.4.3 or in
storage tanks in accordance with Subsection 2.4.4.
2.4.11.2
PIERS AND WHARVES
Piers of wharves
ove~hich
flammable or' combustible liquids are
handled shall comply with the requirements of Subsection 2.4.8.
2.4.11.3
FIRED AND UNFIRED PRESSURE VESSELS
Pressure vessels shall be constructed in accordance with CSA B5lCode for the construction and inspection of boilers and pressure
vessels.
2.4.11.4
(1)
LOCATION OF PROCESS UNITS
Process units shall be located so that they are accessible
from at least one side for the purpose of fire fighting.
(2)
Emergency drainage systems shall be provided to direct any
leakage of flammable or combustible liquids together with
water used for firefighting to a safe location, in accordance
with the requirements of Sentences 2.4.3.7
2.4.11.5
(1)
(8) and (9).
FIRE PROTECTION
Portcble fire extinguishers sh~ll be provided in such quantities
and types as are required by the Authority having jurisdiction
for the special hazards of operation and storage and as
required by PART 4.
(2)
Water shall be available in volume and at adequate pressure
to supply water hose streans, foam producing equipment,
',''::
115.
automatic
sprinkle~s
or water spray systems as the need
is indicated by the special hazards of operation and
storage and as required by the Authority having Jurisdiction.
(3)
Special extinguishing equipment such as that using
foa~,
inert gas, or dry chemical shall- be provided as required
by the Authority having
(4)
2.4.12
jurisdiction~
Smoking shall be permitted only in approved areas.
ABANDONMENT AND REMOVAL OF UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANKS OR TEMPORARY
WITHDRAWAL OF STORAGE TANKS FROM SERVICE
2.4.12.1
SCOPE AND APPLICATION
The procedures outlined in this Article shall be followed when
undergroun~
storage tanks are removed, abandoned,
or temporarily
taken out of service.
2.4.12.2
(1)
RENDERING STORAGE TANKS "TEMPORARILY OUT OF SERVICE"
If the disuse is temporary and will not exceed 180 days,
the owner of the storage tanks shail (a)
notify the authority having jurisdiction immediately in
writing;
(b )
a r ran g e for m0 nth 1 y g aug i n g a f
e a c h s tor age t a n k.' ma i n t .Ii n
a record of such gauge readings,
and hold the record
available for inspection;
(c)
keep locked, when not in use, all fill and gauge piping
covers, dispensing facilities and power controls; and
(d)
leave the vent piping open.
116.
(2)
If the disuse is temporary andwi1l exceed 180 days', the
owner of the storage tanks shall (a)
notify the authority having jurisdiction immediately
in writing;
(b)
emp ty all storage tan·ks and all connec ted pip ing and
dispensing facilities of any flammable liquid, and,
(i)
refill the storage tanks, piping and dispensing
facilities with a combustible liquid, or
(ii)
insert dry ice into the storage tank at the ratio
of 2 pounds for e~ch 100 gallons of storage tank
capacity to minimize the hazard of an explosion
or fire;
(c)
if a combustible liquid is used as referred to in
subclause (i) of clause (b), the owner shall arrange
for monthly gauging of each storage tank and maintain
a record of such gauge readings, and keep the record
available for inspection;
(d)
and
after complying with subclause (i) and (ii) of clause
(b), ensure that the fill pipe and gauge pipe covers,
dispensing facilities and power controls are kept secured.
(3)
Notwithstanding Sentence (2) above, operators of underground
storage tank facilities that are operated on a seasonal basis
shall (a)
at the close of each season of operation,
(i)
dip each storage tank, maintain a record of .such
dips and hold the dip rp.cord available, and
117.
(ii)
securely fasten all fill and gauge piping covers,
dispensing facilities and power controls;
(b)
prior to the start of an operating season dip each
storage tank and reconcile the readings thereof with the
dip readings recorded in subclause
(c)
(i) of clause
if the reconciliation referred to in clause
(a); and
(b) reflects
a loss of product or water intrusion, take immediate
action to determine and correct the cause of the loss
or intrusion.
2.~.l2.3
REMOVAL OF UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANKS
When it is known that an underground storage tank will not again
be used, or where an underground storage tank has been out of use
for 5 years, whichever comes first,
the owner of the storage
tank shall (a)
remove any flammable or comb;lstible liquid from the
storage tank,
connected piping and dispensing equipment:
(b)
remove the ~torage tank and pipirg feom the ground;
(c)
if the soil around and under t/te storage
1
contaminated with liquid,
remov~
tan_~
is
such contaminated
soil and liquid;
(d)
fill
fill,
(e)
2.4.12.4
(1)
the cavities to grade
l~vel
with clean permanent
and
notify the authority having jerisoi"tion in writing.
DISPOSAL OF STORACE TANKS
Befor~
disposing of a ~~'1g~ ta,n~ that is not to be re-used,
the owner of the storage tank shall rt,nd.'r the storage tank
vapour-free and shall cut sufficient openings in the storage
118.
tank to render it unfit for further use.
(2)
An excavated storage tank may only be re-used for gasoline
or associated products by the owner who last used the storage
tank for the purpose of storing gasoline or associated
product and before such re-use,
inspected for
the storage tank shall:
f1a~s
(a)
be cleaned,
and tested;
(b)
be rejected for use if the shell has been subject to
excessive denting, pitting, or gouging; any reduction
in the shell thickness,
in excess of 0.C3 inches, or
any dents greater than 30° from the normal configuration shall be considered excessive;
(c)
and
have the protective coating restored as required in
Underwriters' Laboratories vf Canada Standard No.
2.4.12.5
58.
ABANDONMENT OF AtOVE~ROUND STORAGE 14NKS OR TEMPORAR~
WITEDRAWAL OF STORAGE TANKS FROM SERVICE
(1)
When an aboveground flammable or combustible liquid storage
tank is taken out of use for a period of up to 180 days,
the owner shall
(a )
rem 0 v e a 11 1 i -'1~2i. con ten tan ci
Ill.j
,
k f: the s tor age tan k and
directly associated connected riping vapour-free;
(b)
block the flow in the piping in such a manner as to
isolate the disused
lock
(c)
st_r)r~&~_~._:l..':;'-
the valveR necessary to
before re--l1se,
0Y
n~hieve
(lose and permanent ly
such isolation;
inspect and perf';rTI' tests necessary to
ensure safe condition for
11~~;
a~d
119.
(d)
perform the actions, required by
above,
personally or through a
(a),
(b)
and
(c)
repres~ntative
specifically delegated to act on his behalf by him.
(2)
Where the withdrawal from 'service referred to in
above
(1)
is to be permanent or cannot be certified to be for less
than 180 days,
(a)
the owner or his representative shall,
empty the storage tank and all connected piping of ljquid_
and make the storage tank and connected piping vapour
free;
(b)
and
delete the storage tank markjng and substitute the word
"EMPTY".
2.4.13
TANK VEHICLES FOR TPE TRANSPORTATION OF FLAMMABLE AND
COMHUSTIBL~
LIQUIDS
2.4.13.1
(1)
SCOPE AND APPLICATION
This article applies to tank vehi~les to be used for
tre
transportation of asphalt or normally stable flammable and
cdmbustible liquids with ~ flas~ potp~ below 200°F.
(2)
It does not apply to fuel tanks used in the operation of
motor vehicles, or for aircraft fuel servicing vehicles.
(3)
Additional safeguards may be necessary for tank vehicles
used for the transportation of flam',13ble or combustihle
! ~~Il_ !_~~<;
h a v i n g c h a rae t e r i
5
tic s i n t ron u c i n gad d i t ion a 1 f act 0 t s
and toxicity.
NOTE:
Some cutback asphalts have flashpnints
of flammab1e liquids. and
combust:j.hl_~____liq~ids
in the rdng,'
having a flasll
/
120.
point higher than 200 o F.,
such as asphalt, may assume ~he
characteristics of lower flash point liquids when heated.
Under such conditions it shall be appropriate to apply these
requirements unless otherwise specifically exempted by
the authority having jurisdiction.
2.4.13.2
(1)
TRANSPORTABLE CONTAINERS
Flammable or combustible liquids shall not be tendered for
transportation or transported in a container having a capacit:,
of
les~
(a)
than fifty gallons but more than ten gallons,
for
1iqui~~
flammable
is clearly marked as conforming to
the requirements of shipping coutainer
5, SA, 58,
1 9 7 2,
0
f
5C,
unless
sr~~ifications
5L or 5M, dated the 29th day of April,
the Can ad ian T ran ~J' 0 r t
Com miss ion
0
r
0
the
f
Department of Transportation of the United States of
America in force on the 29th day of April, 1972, and
(b)
for combustible liquids of flash point at or greater
t han 1 0 0 0 F .,
saf~ty
the
i
S
0
fat
] east
req"irement~
18 g a
of the
,L g
e
con E 0 r
all. d
speCI;lC~fiQns
TIl S
t
0
Jisted in
(a) above.
arc transrorted by a
a no' not
and,
t)E' r TIl <dH~ n t 1 Y
whe(t~
cap.'iclt..;,
~ehic1e
so constr-ucted that the
a;: t a c h e d t 0
the c has sis
0
f
the v (' h i, C 1 e
edch container is in excess of ten gallons
thexe shall be only a single tier
o~
co~tain0rs
i:1
containers o'
·,
121.
(3)
Cargo tanks for flammable or combustible liquids having a
capacity of greater than 50 gallons shall conform to the
requirements of the provision respecting the construction uf
tank trucks,
(4)
trailers and semi-trailers.
A cargo tank is not permanently attached to the chassis of
a
ve~!cl~
shall be firmly secured to a cradle or sill, and
the cradle or sill shall be anchored to the body of the
vehicle by means of hook-bolts or other equally secure
devices, except in the case of the transportation or movement
of any empty cargo tank.
(5)
A cargo tank permitted to be used in
(4) above shall not have
a weight when full greater than the load carrying capacity of
the vehicle.
2.4.13.3
(1)
TANK VEHICLE DESIGN
Design of the tank vehicle shall give engineering consideration
to the structural relationship between the cargo tank,the
propulsion equipment and the supporting members if any, with
due regard to the weight and temperature of the cargo,
performance, braking,and required ruggedness.
road
The general
design of the cargo tank and vehicle chassis shall be arranged
to- give the best combination of st:uccural characteristics
and
yeh~cle
performance.
The desisn of the suspension system
shall incorporate features to help assure lateral or tipping
stability when turning corners.
(2)
Any cargo tank designed or used for transporting materials
at liquid temperatures above amhient temperature shall have
122.
a red warning sign permanently attached containing at least
the following:
"Maximum allowable cargo temperature is _ _ _ _ OF."
This maximum allowable cargo temperature shall be specified
by the manufacturer of the cargo tank.
(3)
Cargo tanks used for transporting flammable or combustible
liquids at temperatures equal to or above their boiling
points shall be constructed in accordance with Sentence
2.4.13.4.
NOTE:
Possible temperature rise during transfer as well as
the loading temperature and altitude must be considered when
determining if the flammable and combustible liquid will be
transported at or above its boiling point.
Where an
accur~te
boiling point is unavailable for the material in question,
or for mixtures which do not have a constant boiling point,
the 10 per cent point of a distillation performed in accordance
with the Standard Method of Test for Distillation of Petroleum
Products ASTM D-86-62, may be used as the boiling point of
the liquid.
,
(4)
Cargo tanks used for transporting
flanma~le
or combustible
liquids at a temperature below their boiling points shall
be constructed in accordance with Sentence 2.4.13.5.
different specification construction.
shall conform to specification requirements concerned.
t'
\
"
123.
(6 )
I
The exhaust system of vehicles used for transporting
flammable or combustible liquids, including the exhaust
line and muffler, shall be so located as to be clear from
the fuel system and all combustible materials and shall be
terminated in such a position that fumes or heat from the
exhaust shall not create a hazard to the cargo tank contents
or to a facility being refuelled or'from which the tank
truck
(7)
is being refilled.
The fuel tank for the vehicle shall be so located that it
is not over the engine and is equipped to vent while it is
being filled.
2.4.13.4
CONSTRUCTION OF CARGO TANKS, PIPING AND CONNECTIONS DESIGNED fOR
TRANSPORTING FLAMMABLE OR COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS AT TEMPERATURES
AT OR ABOVE THEIR BOILING POINTS.
Cargo tanks, piping and connections designed for transporting
flammable or combus t i ble
liqui~~
above the i r bo i 1 ing po in t s s hall lw
built in accordance with Specifications
MC-307 or MC-331 of Part
Q
178 of Title 49, USA Code of Federal Regulations, or in accordanrp
with Provincial Regulations.
constructed on or before
Continued use of cargo tanks
Dece~ber
I, 1967, to Specifications
MC-304 and MC-330 shall be per-mitted.
2.4.13.5
CONSTRUCTION OF CARGO TANKS, DESIGNED FOR TRANSFER OF
FLAMMABL~
OR COMBHSTIBLE LIQUIDS AT TEMPERATURES BELOW THEIR BOILING POTn!",
requirements of MC 306 or MC 307, except thatconstrucll,lll
to other standards or continued use of existing ,,---------cargo tank~
124.
shall be permitted subject to licenced approval of the
Authority having jurisdiction.
(2)
Certain tables in the US Specification specify plate thickness
in USSMS gauges and others in decimals of an inch.
To
ensure standard interpretation, the cross-references in the
following Table shall apply:
TABLE 2.4.13.5
CORRESPONDING DECIMAL INCHES TO U.S.
USSMS Gauge
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
SMS GAUGE
Corresponding inches
0.044
0.050
0.056
0.062
0.070
0.078
0.094
0.109
0.125
0.141
0.1?6
0.172
IJ
(3)
Tank_!!,l~cks.,
trailers and semi-trailers with compartments
carrying flammable liquids of different flash points shall be
provided with a vented air space between compartments and each
air space shall be constructed and maintained to ensure that
any liquid in it will drain to the ground, at all times.
(4)
.<;:.~~
..£:'.lnks conforming to U.S. D.O.T. Specifications Me 300,
302, 303, 304, 305 or 330 and having a capacity greater than
3,500 gallons shall not be used to transport flammable
:
.
125.
liquids unless,
(a)
they are divided into compartments
(b)
The compartments have an individual
3,500 gallons;
(c)
less than
and
baffles are provided where and as required by the
us
(5)
capac~ty
DOT Specs.
Except where a tank truck, trailer compartment is in the
same service continuously and will remain in that service,
meter air-release mechanisms shall not be vented back into
a compartment.
2.4.13.6
(1)
SHUT-OFF VALVES
Every draw-off valve shall be threaded at the discharge
end or designed to permit tight connection to the delivery
hose.
(2)
Every draw-off valve shall be designed and maintained to
prevent leakage.
(3)
Except as provided in (4) below each compartment of each
tank vehicle manufactured in conformance with Sentence 2.4.13.5
(4) shall be equipped with a shut-off valve,
(a)
located in the outlet that is inside the shell, or
located in the sump when the sump is an integral part
of the shell;
(b)
and
so designed and maintained that the valve shall be
closed at all times except during loading or unloading
)
operations.
126.
(4)
Every tank vehicle is exempt from the provisions of
(3)
above if it is constructed and marked in accordance with
US DOT Spec. MC 306,MC 307 dated March, 1967, as amended
to July 1971.
(5)
The operating
mec~anism
for the shut-off valve refefred to
in (3) above, shall be provided with a secondary control,
that is:
(a)
readily accessible for use in case of accident or fire
during loading or unloading operations;
(b)
as far as practicable from any fill or discharge opening
and
(c)
provided with a fusible section to close automatically
in case of fire.
(6)
On and after March 2, 1967
all shut-off valves referred to
in Sentence 2.4.13.6(4) shall be so designed that,
(a)
they are as close as is physically possible to the shell
of the cargo tank;
(b)
and
immediately downstream from such valves there shall be
a connection designed to separate upon impact or strain
in such a manner as not to damage the valve or to
separate the valve from the cargo tank shell.
(7)
traller or -----------semi-trailer
--_ ... ---.
3.-;pltalt
is exempt
from tht'
provisions of
if it was in use on September 2, 1966.
th~t
is used for the
section 2.4.1J.fl(Ld
127.
(8)
Except as provided in. (9) below, when the outlet valve
of tank trucks,
trailers or semi-trailers carrying flammable
or combustible liquids with a flash
poin~
above or equal to
IOQoF. is not in actual use the valve handle shall be
detached, or,- where the handle cannot be detached, the valve.
or cabinet containing
(9)
~he
valve,
shal~,
be kept locked.
Where immobilization of the pump by locking the ignition
effectively prevents the escape of liquid, the valve handle
of any valve supplied by the pump need not be detached
and the valve or cabinet need not be locked.
2.4.13.7
(1)
MARKING OF TANK VEHICLES
All vehicles shall be conspicuously and legibly marked on
each side and on the rear in letters at least three inches
high and of a colour that contrasts sharply with the background with:
(a)
the word "FLAMMABLE";
(b)
the common name of the product being transported;
(c)
the name of the carrier if the name includes the common
and
name of the liquid being transported,
(2)
In the case of tank vehicles the marking requirements apply
whether the vehicle is loaded or tmpty.
2.4.13.8
(1)
BONDING OF TANK VEHICLES
Vehicle cargo tanks and vehicle chassis shall be constructed
and maintained to provide electrical
between them.
continuity
128.
(2)
All tank truck, trailers, and semi-trailers that may be
loaded or unloaded through an open dome shall be provided
with an approved electric bonding clip.
(3)
Tank vehicles not equipped as required by (2) above shall be
modified to comply with the requirements of (2) within 6 months
after the date this Code comes into effect.
2.4.13.9
(1)
ACCIDENT DAMAGE PROTECTION
General
The design, constr~ction and/or installation of all cargo
tank appurtenances shall be such as to minimize the possibility of accident damage or failure of such appurtenances
adversely affecting the liquid retention integrity of the
storage tank.
(2)
Rear Bumpers
(a)
Every cargo tank shall be provided with a rear bumper to
protect the storage tank and piping in the event of a
rear end collision and minimize the posiibility of any
part of
(b)
~he
colliding vehicle striking the storage tank.
The bumper shall be located at least 6 inches to the
rear of any vehicle component which is used for loading
or unloading purposes or may at any time contain lading
while in transit.
(c)
Structurally, the bumper shall be designed to successfully
absorb (no damage which will cause leakage of product)
the impact of the vehicle with rated payload, with a
deceleration of 2 "g" using a factor of safety of t,YO
129.
based on the ultimate strength of the bumper material.
For purposes of this requrement, such impact shall be
considered uniformly distributed and applied horizontally
(parallel to the ground) from any direction at an angle
not exceeding 30 degrees to the longitudinal axis of
the vehicle.
(3)
Front Bumpers
Every vehicle shall be equipped in front with a heavy-duty bumper.
(4)
Protection of Valves and Associated Connections
(a)
All valves, piping and associated connections shall be
protected from damage due to collision from the rear.
(b)
In addition to the requirements of the Specifications
identified in Sentences 2.4.13.5
(1) and (4), the
protection required by (1) above shall be such that it
will prevent
dama~e
to the valves, piping and associated
connections, which damage could result from collision
with an object that could' over-ride or under-pass the
protective bumper.
2.4.13.10
(1)
CLOSURES FOR FILL OPENINGS AND MANHOLES
(a)
Every compartment in excess of 2,000 gallons capacity
shall be accessible through a manhole of at least 11
inches
(b)
~
15 inches.
Manhole and/or fill opening coven; shall be designl'd t'o
provide secure closure of the openings.
They shall have
structural capability of withstanding internal fluid
pressures of 9 psig without permanent deformation.
130.
(c)
Safety devices to prevent the manhole and/or fill,cover
from opening'fully when internal pressure is present
shall be provided.
2.4.13.11
(1)
VENTS FOR CARGO TANKS IN OTHER THAN ASPHALT SERVICE
General
Each cargo tank compartment shall be provided with safety
relief devices in accordance with the requirements
contained
I
in this section.
the vapour space.
All of such devices shall communicate with
Shut-off valves shall not be installed
between the cargo tank opening and any safety device.
Safety
relief devices shall be so mounted, shielded or drained as to
eliminate the accumulation of water, the freezing of which
could impair the operation of discharge capability of the
device.
(2)
Normal Venting
Each cargo tank compartment shall be provided with pressure
and vacuum vents having a minimum through area of 0.44 square
inch.
All pressure vents shall be set to open at no more
than 1 psig and all vacuum vents at no more than 6 ounces.
Pressure and vacuum vents shall be designed to prevent loss
of
(3)
~iqui~
through the vent in case of'yehicle overturn.
Loading and Unloading Venting Protection
If the cargo tank is designed to be loaded or unloaded with
the dome cover closed, the vent or vents as described in (2)
above or additional vents shall limit the vacuum to I psi and the
cargo tank pressure to 3 psig based on maximum liquid
131.
transfer rate.
is made,
Gnless effective protection against
overfi11in~
the pressure vent shall also have sufficient
capacity to prevent the
pre~sure
case of accid~nta1 overfilling.
1iq~1~
from exceeding 3 psig in
This
pres~ure
vent may be
pressure operated or interlocked with the cargo tank loading
device, and shall be designed to prevent loss of liquid
through the vent under any condition of vehicle rollover.
(4)
Emergency Venting for Fire Exposure
(a)
Total Capacity
The total emergency venting capacity (eu.ft./hr.) of
each
carg~a~
compartment sh;:;11 be. not lcss than th:ll
determinej from Table 2.4.13.11(4)(a).
TAI'>LE 2.4.l3.11(4)(a)
MINIMUM EHERGENCY VENT CAPACIJ'Y
IN CFBIl., tEET
FREE AIR/HODR (14.7 PSIA AND 60 c F.)
Exposed Area
Square Feet
Cubic Feet
Free Air
per Hour
Exposed
Squar'2
Are'~
F",:" t
Cubic Feet
Free Air
per Hour
20
15,800
'L75
214,300
30
23,700
300
225,100
40
31,600
3 'j 0
245,700
50
39,500
!~
0 ()
265,000
60
47,1+00
~5u
283,200
70)
55,300
5 :).J
300,600
80
G3,300
'j ~) "
317,300
90
71,200
6U )
333,300
132.
(Continuation)
Cubic Feet
Free Air
per Hour
Exposed Area
Square Feet
Ct.;uic Feet
Free Air
per Hour
Exposed Area
Square Feet
100
79,100
650
348,800
120
94,900
700
363,700
140
110,700
750
378,200
160
126,500
800
392,200
180
142,300
850
405,900
200
158,100
900
419,300
225
191,300
950
432,300
250
203,100
NOTE:
(b)
I , 0 0 (~ _________
Interpolate for
445,°!22_________
intermediate size.,.
Pressure-Actuated Vcnti~£
~quipped
Every carg0 tank compartment shall be
with a
pressure-actuated vent set to open at not less than 3
psig and close when
t~e
pressure drops
to 3 psig or
Tho minimum venting capacity for pressure-
below.
actuated vEnts shall be 6,000 cubic feet
per hour
(14.7 psia at 60°F.) from a
5 psig.
Pressure-actuated devices
Sf)
'H~vent
.JS
device
(,.
In case of
leakage of
il
Ifq~1
\
~E
vehicle
t~nk
~h~ll
PI'Ist
pressure of
be so designed
the devi
surge \)r vehiclp upset,
they shall function in case of
condition
fA
of free air
roll-o~e~.
pr~ssure
Ct'
l'xcC'pt
in
th;lt
rise under an.
133.
does not provide the total venting capacity required
by (a) above, additional capacity shall be provided
by adding fusible venting devices each having a
minimum area of 1.25 square inches.
Such fusible
elements shall be so located as to not be in contact
with the cargo tank content? under normal operating
conditions.
The fusible vent or vents shall be actuated
by elements which operate at a temperature not exceeding
The venting capacity of these devices shall
be rated at not more than 5 psig.
When fusible venting
devices are used, no less than two such devices shall
be used on any cargo tank or tank compartment over 2,000
gallons in capacity, and at least one such device shall
be located close to each end of the cargo tank or
its compartments.
(5)
Flow Testing and Marking of Vents
(a)
Each type and size of venting device shall be flow
in its required operating range.
test~d
The actual rated fJow
capacity of the vent in cubic feet of free air per hout
at the pressure in psig at which the flow capacity is
The fusible
determined shall be stamped on the device.
vent or vents shall have their flow rating
determjn~d
5 psig differential.
(b)
These flow tests may be conducted by the manufactur0r,
if certified by an approved testing agency"
nl
134.
2.4.13.12
(1)
VENTS FOR CARGO TANKS IN ASPHALT SERVICE
Every cargo tank used in asphalt service shall be provided
with a vent having an effective opening at least equivalent
to a nominal 2-inch pipe.
(2)
Every cargo tank for asphalt service Ghall be provided with
a manhole having a free opening of at least 15 inches in
diameter designed to relieve internal pressure at between
2 and 3 pounds per square inch gauge or an equivalent relief
device.
2.4.13.13
(1)
EMERGENCY DISCHARGE CONTROL
Liquids Having Viscosities Less Than 45 SUS
(a)
The outlets of every cargo tank or compartment used
for the transportation of flammable liquids
, and trucks
constructed hereafter for transportation of combustible
liquids having a viscosity less
tha~
45 Saybolt
Universal Seconds at lOOoF., shall be equipped with a
reliable and efficient shut-off valve located inside the
shell;
or in the sump when it is an integral part of
the shell;
and designed so that the valve must be kept
closed except during loading and unloading operations.
NOTE:
The 45 second viscosity limit is included for the
purposes of requiring internal valves when transporting
free-flowing distillate oils, such as kerosene, diesel
oil and domestic heating oil, and of excluding this
requirement when transporting viscous oils such as
residuel fuel oil, bunker fuel oil, and asphalt produc,ts
which may congeal and cause
malfun~tioning
of the valve.
135.
(b)
The operating mechanism for the valve referred to
in
(a) above shall be provided with a secondary control,
remote from the fill openings and discharge faucets,
for use in the event of accidents or fire during
delivery operations.
(c)
The control mechanism shall be pro"ld(~d with a fusibl,'
section which will permit valves to Lluse automatically
in case of fire.
(d)
In every case there shall be providE-d, between the bhut~
off valve seat and discharge laucet.
which will break under strain anJ
a shear section
l~ave
the shut-oft
valve seat intact.
(2)
Liquids of Visc~)f,ities of 45
SU~_~~~,or~'
The outlets of every cargo. ta:lk llsed
of
liqui~~
having a viscosity equal
Saybolt Universal Seconds at lOQ0F.
(a)
a suitable shut-off v<:llve,
lor I.he transportat' on
:0
sh~lL
locc,tE.'l'
so that the valve will remain
gn,aLer than 45
<,
be
~uipped
i11ternally,
opera~le
with design.""
if the externa:
connection is sheared off, oc
(b )
a
fro n t -
o r r ear - h e a d mI) un t
and protected against
2.4.13.14
(1)
'?
-1
;72. l V'2
-"
e ': u r ely rei n for C E' d
haz~rds.
shock or rGaJ
PRESSURE TESrS
At
the time of manufacture, e:ery
greater.
If compartmented,
~v~r:
car~n
t3nk shall
be tlsl!
COl T'''l.,'tl'1eI1t
-._'------ shall be
-'
136.
similarly tested with adjacent compartments empty and,at
atmospheric pressure.
(a)
,
Air pressure, if used, shall be held for a period of
at least five minutes during which the entire surface
of all joints under pressure shall be coated with a
solutiQn of soap and water, heavy oil, or other material
suitable for the pqrpose, foaming or bubbling of which
indicates the presence of leaks.
(b)
Hydrostatic pressure, if used, shall be done by using
water or other liquid having a similar viscosity, the
temperature of which shall n'ot exceed lOOoF. during the
test, and the pressure applied as in (a) above, gauged
at the top of the cargo tank, at which time all joints
under pressure shall be inspected for the
iss~ance
of
liquid to indicate leaks.
(c)
All closures shall be in place while test by either
using air or hydrostfc pressure
is made.
During these
tests, operative relief devices pha1l be clamped, pluggec,
or otherwise rendered inoperativQ.
and similar devices shall be
r0~ovpd
Such clamps, plugs,
iwmediately after
the test is finished.
(2)
The test in
(1) above shall be repeated f01lowing alteration
or repairs which involve
Rny leakage, undue
cargo_tao~
distorti~n,
inte~rity.
If there is
or I f failure impends or
occur~,
the cargo tank shall not be placed in service until repairs
have been made.
137.
2.4.13.15
OVERFLOWS AND DRAINS FOR ASPHALT TANK VEHICLES
Overflow protection for asphalt tank vehicles shall be provided
in the form of reservoirs or flashing around fill and vent pipes.
Overflow and drain pipes shall have thicknesses heavier than
the cargo tank shell and shall be designed so that hot asphalt
will not spill onto tires, brakes, or the burner equipment of
vehicle's exhaust system.
2.4.13.16
(1)
COMPARTMENTATION AND IDENTIFICATION TO PREVENT INTERMIXING
Tank vehicles designed to transport flammable liquids in one
or more compartments and combustible liquids in other
compartments or to transport chemically non-compatible liquids
shall be equipped with separate piping, pumps, meters and
hoses for each type of
(2)
~iquid.
Every compartment discharge contr01 on a !ank truck,
trailer
or semi-trailer shall have securely attached to it a tag
of enamme1ed metal, substantial fibre or petroleum-resistant
plastic to denoe the type of liquid ·whirh is contained in
i
the cargo tank or compartment from which the control leads.
(3)
A tag, referred to in (2) above, to denote:
(a)
a flammable liquid shall be colour red and shall be
octagonal in shape;
(b)
a combustible
and
liqui~
than red, green or
shall be coloured any colour other
red-0~apg~
sh~Jes,
and shall be round
in shape.
(4)
All tags, in addition to being
colol1r~d
and of the specified
shape,shall bear in clearly legible rermanent characters tho
name of the
li1ui~.
138.
(5)
Every tag shall at all times be kept clean and bright so
that its colour is readily recognizable, and its inscription is readily legible.
(6)
It shall be the responsibility of the loader at the point of
loading to attach
(7)
the correct· tags.
It shall be the responsibility of the driver to ensure that
the correct tags have been attached before he leaves the
point of loading.
2.4.13.17
LIGHTING
Lighting circuits shall have suitable over current protection.
The wiring shall have sufficient carrying capacity and mechanical
strength, and shall be secured, insulated, and protected against
physical damage, in keeping with recognized good practice.
2.4.13.18
(1)
AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT
Auxiliary Internal Combustion Engines
(a)
Internal combustion engines, other than those providing
propulsive power, installed or carried upon a tank
vehicle transportating flammable liquids for the purpose
of providing power for the operation of pumps or other
devices, shall meet the requirements of the following
Sentences.
(b)
The engine air intake shall be equipped with an effective
flame arrester, or an air cleaner having effective
flame arrester characteristics, substantially installed
and capable of preventing emission of flame from the
intake side of the engine in event of backfiring.
139.
(c)
The fuel system shall be so located or constructed
as to minimize the fire hazard.
If the fuel tank is
located immediately adjacent to the engine, suitable
shielding shall be provided to prevent spillage during
the filling operation, or leakage from the tank or
fuel system, from coming in contact with the engine
or any parts of the ignition and'exhaust systems.
All
parts of the fuel system shall be constructed and
installed in a workmanlike manner.
(d)
Pumps and other appurtenances shall be so located in
,
relation to the engine that spillage or leakage from
such parts shall be prevented from coming in contact with
t?e engine or any parts of the ignition and exhaust
system, or shielding shall be provided to attain the
same purpose.
The engine cooling fan shall be so
positioned, rotated or shielded as to minimize the
possibility of drawing flammable vapours toward the
engine.
(e)
When the engine is located in a position where
spilla~e
from the cargo tank or its appurtenances or from side
racks might constitute
a hazard, shielding shall be
provided to prevent such spillage from contacting the
~engine
or engine exhaust system and for draining such
spillage away from the vicinity of the engine.
(f)
Where the engine is carried within an enclosed space.
provision shall be made for air circulation at all
140.
times to prevent accumulation of explosive vapours and
to avoid overheating.
(g)
The exhaust system shall be substantially constructed
and installed and free from leaks.
The exhaust line
and muffler shall have approved clearances from combustible
materials, and the exhaust gases shall be discharged
at a location which will not constitute a hazard.
When
engines are carried as in (f) above, the exhaust gases
shall be discharged outside of each such closed space.
(h)
The ignition wiring shall be substantially installed
with firm connections, and spark plug and all other
terminals shall be suitably insulated to prevent
sparking in event of contact with conductive materials.
The ignition switch shall be of the enclosed type.
(2)
Auxiliary Electric Generators and Motors
(a)
Electrical equipment installed or carried upon a tank
vehicle transporting flammable or combustible liquids
for the operation of pumps or other devices used for the
handling of product and operating product handling
accessories shall meet the requirements of the following
Sentences:
(b)
Generators which are mounted on the engine providing
propulsive power for the vehicle or an auxiliary engine,
or located in the immediate vIcinity of such pnginp
lIT
its exhaust system, may have gen0ral purpose enclosures.
Generators located elsewhere shall be provided with
141.
enclosures meeting the requirements for Class 1 Group
D hazardous locations:
(c)
Motors having sparking contacts shall be provided with
enclosures meeting the requirements for Class 1 Group
I
D hazardous locations.
(d)
Wiring shall be designed for the maximum loads to be
carried and shall be installed so as to be protected
from physical damage and contact with possible product
~y
spill either by location or
being enclosed in metal
conduit or other oil-resistant protective covering.
Junction boxes shall bel sealed.
(e)
Switches, overload protection devices and other sparking
equipment shall be located and enclosed as provided
for generators in (b) above.
(f)
Where the generator or motor is located within an
enclosed space, provision shall be made for air circulation
to prevent overheatin'g and possible accumulation of
explosive vapour.
(3)
Burner and Burner Tubes for Asphalt Tank Vehicles
(a)
Fuel tanks for the vehicle engine and fuel tanks for the
burners on asphalt trucks shall be located remotely from
the burner or protected
~y
a noncombustible shield from
the burner to prevent flashback.
(b)
Burner tubes shall be maintained in safe operating
condition.
142.
'(c)
The bottom of internal burner tubes shall be located
as low in the cargo tank as proper design and functioning
will permit.
(d)
Instructions for the method of operating the burner
equipment and the pumping equipment, if so equipped,
shall be provided in the vehicle at all times.
(e)
A legible red warning sign shall be permanently attached
near the burners on any tank vehicle equipped with
burners and shall contain at least the following
information:
"WARNING"
This burner equipment must not be
operated while the vehicle is being
located or is in transit, or when
the burner tubes are not completely
submerged.
(4)
Pumps and Hose
(a)
When a pump is used to deliver liquids, automatic means
shall'be provided to prevent pressure in excess of
the design working pressures of the accessories, piping
and hose.
(b)
Each length of hose used for delivery of product by
pump shall be marked to indicate the manufacturer's
recommended working pressure.
(c)
All pressure hoses and couplings shall be inspected
at 'intervals appropriate to the service, with the
maximum operating pressure applied to the hose and
couplings with the hose extended.
Any hose showing
143.
material deteriorations, signs of leakage, or
~eakness
'in itself or at the couplings shall be withdrawn from
service and either repaired or discarded.
2.4.13.19
(1)
PARKING BRAKES
Every stake truck, tank truck, tractor, trailer, or semitrailer operated or parked singly or in combination, shall
at all times be equipped with a parking brake of the
design
referred to in (3) below or chock blocks, or both
adequate to prevent movement of the vehicle when parked
either singly or in combination on any grade on which the
vehicle is operated or parked and under any condition of
loading.
(2)
The parking brake or brakes shall at all times be capable
of being applied in conformance with the requirements of
(1) above by the driver's
muscular effort or by spring
action or by other energy, provided that, if such other
energy is depended on for application of the parking brake,
an accumulation of such energy shall be isolated from any
common source and used exclusively for the operation of the
parking brake.
(3)
The parking brake shall be so designed, constructed and
maintained that when one applied (a)
it shall remain in the applied condition, with the
effectiveness required by (1) above, despite exhaustion
of any source of energy or leakage of any kind;
and
144.
'(b)
,it cannot be released unless adequate energy 1s,
available in the brake system upon release to make
an immediate further effective application.
(4)
Every vehicle equipped with the type of brake referred to in
(3) above shall be con~picuously and legibly marked with
a symbol or marking in evidence thereof.
(5)
The parking brake referred to in (3) above shall be set,
/
or the chock blocks shall be positioned, whenever the
vehicle is parked, including parking for loading and unloading.
2.4.13.20
(1)
FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
Each tank vehicle shall be provided with at least two portable
fire extinguishers having a total of at least a 20-B, Crating.
_ Each extinguisher installed after 1973 shall have at least
a 5-B, C rating.
Ratings shall be in accordance with Part
4 of this Code.
(2)
Fire extinguishers shall be located in an accessible place
on each tank vehicle, at least one of which shall be in the
cab.
2.4.13.21
(1)
GENERAL OPERATING CONDITIONS
Drivers shall be thoroughly trained in the method of operating
tank vehicles and in the procedures for loading and unloading
tank vehicles. Tank vehicles shall not be operated unless
they are in good repair, devoid of accumulation of grease,
oil or other flammables, and free of leaks.
(2)
The person in charge of a vehicle, while the vehicle is
being driven, repaired, loaded or unloaded shall not have
145.
in his possession any
-
lighted match;
lighted lighter;
lighted pipe;
lighted cigar;
or
lighted cigarette,
and he shall do everything in his power to prevent any
other person from having in his possession any of these
articles while that person is in the vehicle or taking
delivery from the vehicle, or while that person is within
twenty-five feet of a vehicle while it is parked, being
loaded, being unloaded or being repaired.
(3)
Dome covers shall be closed and latched while the tank vehicle
is in transit.
(4)
T~nk
vehicles shall not be operated with a cargo temperature
above the maximum allowable cargo temperature specified on
the warning sign required by Sentence
(5)
2.4.13.~(2).
Material shall not be loaded into or transported in a cargo
tank at a temperature above its ignition temperature, unless
safeguarded in a manner approved by the authority
havin~
jurisdiction.
(6)
Flammahle or combustible
]i(~~i~"~_,
which are loaded at or ahov('
their boiling points or may reach their hoiling pujnt
temperature during transit, shall be loaded only in
constructed in accordance with Sentence 2.4.13.4.
£~~go _~~n~~
/
146.
(7)
Flammable or combustible liquids
shall be loaded only
into cargo tanks whose material used in construction shall
be compatible with the chemical characteristics of the liquid.
The flammable or combustible liquid being loaded shall also
be chemically compatible with the liquid hauled on the
previ~us
NOTE:
load unless the cargo tank has been cleaned.
In case of
doubt, the supplier or producer of the
flammable or combustible liquid or other competent authority
should be consulted.
(8)
Combustible liquids fhall not be loaded into an adjacent
compartment to flammable liquids unless double bulkheads are
provided, nor shall chemically noncompatible chemicals be
loaded i,nto adjacent compartments unless separated by double
bulkheads.
(9)
To prevent a hazard from a change in flash point of liquids,
cargo tanks or any compartment thereof, which have been
utilized for flammable liquids, shall not be loaded with
combustible liquids until such cargo tanks or compartment
and all piping, pumps, meters and hose connected thereto have
been completely drained.
Cargo tanks, compartments and
piping, pump, meter or hose which does not drain completely
shall be flushed at the loading point with a quantity of
combustible liquid equal to twice the capacity of piping, pump,
meter and hose, to clear any residue of flammable liquid from
the system.
147.
NOTE:
To reduce the danger of static ignition when.
changing from flammable to combustible liquid (switch
loading), other precautions may be necessary.
(10)
When a compartment that has been used to carry one type of
flammable liquid is to be used to carry another type, all
of the existing type shall be completely removed from the
,
compartment, and:from the piping and accessory
del~very
equipment connected thereto, before the new type of liquid
is loaded.
(11)
Repairs shall not be made to any tank vehicle unless the
repairs can be made without hazard, nor shall any loaded
motor
(12)
vehicl~
be repaired in a building.
Cargo tanks shall not be repaired by any method employing
a flame, are, or other source of ignition, Qnless the cargo
tank is maintained vapour free or otherwise made safe in an
approved manner.
(13)
Vehicle shall not be- used for the refuelling of vehicles
except that this does not apply to the use of approved vehicles
,
in refuelling contractor's construction equipment on a job
site.
(14)
Before a tank vehicle is parked inside any approved building,
the driver shall check to ensure that there are no-leaks
in the cargo tank, piping or valves, and shall ensure that
the air space in the cargo tank or compartment shall be
,
sufficient to allow for the temperature volume expansion of the
liquid and at least 1% of the compartment volume.
148.
2.4.13.22
(1)
TANK VEHICLE OPERATION
Tank
trueks~
trailers or semi-trailers
having one or
more cargo tanks mounted on the chassis thereof, shall not
be· operated unless (a)
they have been designed to have good road stability;
(b)
they have been maintained in good operating condition;
and
(c)
J.
daily i~spection has shown that the cargo tanks are
not so worn
(2)
~r
damaged as to leak.
Every tank truck and trailer, other than tracked vehicles,
shall be operated on not less than four wheels.
(3)
Every semi-trailer shall be operated on not less than two
wheels.
2.4.13.23
(1)
LOADING AND UNLOADING
Loading and unloading of tank vehicles shall only be done
in approved locations.
(2)
The driver, operator.or attendant of any tank vehicle shall
not remain in the vehicle and shall not leave the vehicle
unattended
during the loading or unloading process but
shall remain in close proximity
~o
the discharge control so
that in an emergency he can immediately shut off the flow of
liquid.
(3)
When transferring flammable liquids, motors of tank vehicles
-or moiors of auxiliary or portable pumps shall be shut
down during the making and breaking of hose connections.
loading or unloading is done without requiring the use of
If
. '.
~
149.
,. the"motor of the tank vehicle, the motor shall be shut
., tdown thtoughout transfer operations involving flammable
liquids.
(4)
If portable pumps are used for transferring flammable liquids,
the portable pumps shall comply with the applicable
provision 'Of Sentence 2.4.13.17(1) or.,(2).
(5)
Cargo tanks or compartments thereof used for the transportation
.,./..:;.,..\..)1
of flammable or
combus~ible
liquids or asphalt shall not
be filled with liquid. Sufficient
spa~e
(outage) shall be
provided in every case to prevent leakage from such cargo
tanks or compartments by expansion of the contents due to
rise in temperature in transit and in no case shall the
outage be less than one percent of the compartment volume ..
(6)
Cargo tanks shall be free of water or volatile liquids
before they are loaded with hot
(7)
~sphalt.
Wh e n a car got an k i s fill edt h r 0 ugh a t o'p
0
pen in g, bon din g
facilities for protection against static sparks shall comply
. ,
with the requirements of Sentence 2.4.7.3 (4),
)
(7),
(8)
(5),
(6),
(8) and (9).
External bond-wire connections or bond-wires integral with
a hose are ndt required for the unloading of flammable or
combustible liquids into underground storage tanks, nor when
a tank vehicle is loaded or unloaded through tight connections
such as to an aboveground
connections.
~_~.?_~_ag5~ __ .~3~~.
or through bot tom
150.
(9)
Before a vehicle is unloaded, the operator of the vehicle
shall gauge the storage tanks or shall use such other means
as are reasonable in the circumstances to satisfy himself
that the storage tanks can safely accept the volume he
proposes to unload.
(10)
Notwithstanding
(9) above, the operator of a vehicle shall
perform the gauging required by (9) above when making
deliveries to service stations, consumer outlets and marines
service stations.
(11)
Smoking on or about any tank vehicle while loading or unloading
any flammable or combustible liquid shall be prohibited.
Extreme care shall be taken in the loading or unloading of
any liquid into or from any cargo tank to keep fire away
and to prevent persons within 25 feet from smoking, lighting
matches, or carry any flame or lighted cigar, pipe or
cigarette.
(12)
Flammable or combustible liquids shall
to or from any tank vehicle
u~less
n~t
be transferred
the parking brakes.
required by Sentence 2.4.13.18 are securely set and all
other reasonable precautions have been taken to prevent
motion of the vehicle.
CITY OF BRAMPTON FIRE DEPART;'m;JT
SCHEDULE "B" SECTIOIJ 2.3
FIRE PREVENTION BYLAW
PROPERTY PROTECTION FOR
INDUSTRIAL & COl\1MERCIAL OCCUPANCIES
CONTENTS
Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
- Tire Storage Warehouses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Salvage Shops and Salvage Yards Including
Automobile Wrecking Yards .......
0
•••
0
••
0
7
••••••••
Retail and Wholesale Lumber Storage Yards ............ 9
Woodworking Plants.
o •••••
0
•••••••••
Outdoor Storage of Forest Products ..
0
00
••••••••
•••••••••
Outdoor Storage of Wood Chips . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Garages and Service Stations .....
0
•••
0
0
••
••
Bowling Alleys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
0
0
•••
•••
0
0
0
•••••
0
•
0
••
0
••••••••••
0
,
•••••••
o.
0
16
o •••••••
0
Indoor General Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
•••••
o •••••••
0
Industrial Ovens For Baking and Drying
Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning and Dyeing Plants .......
0
0
••
0
0
•••
••••••
••••••••
24
29
33
36
37
39
..
SECTION 2.3 PROPERTY PROTECTION FOR
INDUSTRIAL AND COM.MERCIAL
OCCUPANCIES.
Scope
2.3.1.
2.3.1.1.
Scope
This section of the Code is intended to
provide for property cons ervation and the
prevention of conflagrations by requiring that
certain fire protection measures be applied in
the case of particular industrial and commercial
occupancies where the use, storage and handling
of hazardous materials or the stock-piling of
flammable materials create a potentially serious
fire hazard.
2.3.2.
Definitions
TIRE STORAGE WAREHOUSES
Tire means a natural or synthetic rubber hoop or
band which may be either of a solid
0
r pneumatic
type forming the tread of a vehicle wheel.
Tire storage warehous e means a build ing or fire
compar~ment
used for the storage of tires where
the quantity stored exceeds 15,000 cu. ft. in one fire
compartment.
Scope
2.3.2.1.
This subsection provides for the control
of f ires in tire storage warehouses where the
quantity of tires stored exceeds 15,000 cu. ft.
- 2 Piling of
tires
2. '3.2.2. (1)
A single pile of tires in a tire storage
warehouse shall not occupy an area greater ·than
5000 sq. ft.
(2)
The maximum length of a single pile of tires
shall not be greater than 100 ft.
(3) Maximum piling height must be posted according
to the design of the sprinkler system.
(4) The minimllm dearance between the top of a
pile of tires and the head deflectors of an automatic
sprinkler installation' shall be not less than 30 in.
Storage
separations
2.3.2.3.(1)
The width of cross aisles and main aisles
between individual piles of tires shall be not less
than 8 ft., but where the individual piles of
tire~
do not exceed 2500 sq. ft. c ross a isles may be not
les s than 4 ft.
(2) A minimum clearance space of 24 in. shall be
ma.intained between piles of tires and unprotected
,columns, and between piles of tires and enclosing
walls.
- 3 2.3.2.4. (1)
than 5<T00
Sprinkler
system
required
Each tire storage warehouse having more
s-q:-n. -or-floor
area shall be provided with
having discharge density, pressure and flow in
accordance with Tables 2.3.2.A, 2.3.2.B and
2.3,.2. C installed in accordance with Part 4, and
as specified, with a water supply that is sufficient
to sup.Ply an add itional 500 gall min. for hos e streams.
(2) An approved water flow alarm device shall be
provide~
for each main sprinkler riser mstalled in
a tire storage warehouse.
Standpipes
2.3.2.5.
A standpipe and hose stream 'shall be pro-
v.idi.eA.i.T1 each tire .s,tp;rag~
in acc.o:rHfL!1ce
w.a,r~hous.e
with-~a;r.tA ofrthi.s,
and, iin~stalled
Code and approved
.
Portable
extinguishers
2.3. 2 ,~~: ': .APPJ;"o¥ed -I~~,~table ,extingo.i!)hers shall be
(1) .in o.rper that, £q,r,
ev,~ry:50.QO ~.q.
ft. ofJ.loor area
extinguisher with a 20B rating,
(2) wh('n r<'qulrcd by the authority having junsdlct ion
in accordance with Part 4 of the Code and
(3) mamtenance shall be in accordance with Part 4
of the Code.
- 4 -
TABLE 2.3. 2.A
"
Rubber-tire Storage Sprinkler discharge,i derislty~act8~ifdr ViiifduB 'Pilings
Standard
sprinklers
minimum
density,
gpm/sq ft**
Heigh~
A
and type of pile*
6 ft, on floor ....................................
0.22
0.24
C 8 ft, on floor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 0.26
It) '9 'it",votif1601- J ,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.28
E 10 ft, on floor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 0.28
it· '9! 'ft',':;fWood' panetst· ~2 pallets 'high) .............. " 0.32
G 12 ft, on floor ........................ ; ........... 0.32
H 12 ft, rack piled.t .................
O. 32
J 14 ft, baffled wood pallets (3 pallets high)t .......... 0.48
;'B~ '7'ft;' 'On 'flo'or l
.- • • • • • • • • • • • '. . . . . . . . .
0
~,.",,"
• • • • • • • • • • ••
••••••••••••••••••
* Tires piled 5 ft or
lower will not ordinarily require the
·e.ppalidl{tlio'ftC.(j.f'~l't_i!-'~_$~nd'a\"'ds.:: ~ iW'afer-l8up'ply according to usual
standards will suffice.
f 'A.:.60 J"bY' 60 Ith!' woodl1l11.11et :with -slatted' platform boards
approximately 5i in. wide does not unduly restrict the upward
flow of the p:t6dtic1fij. df cbttibustibrl tid¥:the l tlCJwnward flor of
sprinkler discharge. Water-density values for pallets of other
- Jcl~&ign81'w6ul(t:hllv~'td [be 'd~tef:.nnne.a'fo l' each. '
:l:A steel rack approximately one standard automobile tire
wide a1!tl.:1Qi.tlnts_ll~gitti"$'=pla.t'ea 'b:~weeti 'f::lIe'ry third and fourth
column of tires so that 30 tires are stored between every two
Ya-tks;<p t'oltlrrtrHP6f;ro tires''each). ~il:)y 4: in". wood planks are
placed above each pCJ.ir of racks for support of tires in column
"'above: {3 tires 'la'ft hi~h)'!': IA''''s:dli'd' steel'or plywood disk of about
tire diameter with a 3/4-in. drain hole is placed on the wood
planks under eaclf't:olbmn'of' thes.
** Water ,volume. is
in, U. $. Gallons.
,r
,
'-
- 5 -,
TABLE 2. 3. 2. B
Rubber-,tire Storage Required Pres sures and Flow
at Top of Riser wlth 20 Standard Sprinklers Operating':'
Ample initial supply for standard sprinklers
RISer pressure and Bow
ApRheable to eIther the 1895 or 1940 sprmkler-plpe schedule FrICtIOn loss In reed malO,
if any, between the cross malO and riser must be auded to pressures shown m table.
4.head branch
Prot""tlon
area per
spflnkler
~rJ~~~ 2*
;
Flow,
§pm
Center reed
'ABC
~~a~~)
81 sq rt
(9' X 9'
sp~lDg)
>i<':<1
I,
Flow.
gpm
J
ABC
DE
FGH
A
B
C
DE
FGH
I
I
I
SIde reed
RISer pressu .., pel
I
i
SIde reed
RISer pressure, pel
,1>:<*,
I
i
Flow,
gpm
Center reed
__ _
,
2SO-hd 1000hd 117S-hel 1000hd
250-hd 100-hd 175-hd 1000hd'i
: 2S0-hd I 100-hel : 17S-hel 1011-1'
system system sJStem system _ _ 8)stem system system ,)stern _ _ system .ys~; S)S~:-~i:"m
i
I
I
61
56
I 490
38
63
118
107
710
I
38
41
• 53
119,
34
36
48
107
66
71
92
59
64
83
510
550
40
600
56
65
83
36
43
51
59
76
78
94
110
128
34
30'
i
I
680
71
500
520
590
890
650
730
48
I
n
87
101
117
34
48
44
78
71
107
98
510
530
610
910
42
4S
59
IJl
38
41
;3
120
58
63
RZ
53
58
75
520
44
52
61
71
93
40
48
56
6;
84
64
77
00
104
I3S
570
I 620
670
760
':'See Notes at end of Table 2, 3, 2, C
volume is in U. S. Gallons.
'!<~!<Water
Center reed
8-head branch
i
I
:,m i :: : I :: I:: :I::: I :: I: : : ::! : I : i ::! :
J
100 sq ft
(10' X 10'
spacmg)
I
SIde reed
RISer pressure. pel
4-9-sq-r-t--I-A-B-C-D-E-F-G-H-l'--4-80-1
~:~
I
1
i
I
M
6-head branch
Height and type
59
71
82
96
123
I
540
1
41
780
I
88
:
570!
48 I
590 I 52
680 I 67
1,010, 152
570
630
080
49
59
68
mIi I~~
38'
54
79
120
43
47
01
136
b6
71
03
I
4S
53
bl
69
82
06
112
145
,
72
94
;1
III
61
""
W.
"I
7..
8~
IIlI
13l
- 6
TABLE 2.3.2. C.
Rubber-tire Storage Required Pressures and Flow
at Top of Riser with 15 Standard Sprinklers Operating
\
Tolerable initial supply for standard sprinklers
Riser prMSure and flow
App'bcable to either the 1895 or 1940 sprlnkler,plpe .. hedul... FrictIOn loss In r.ed main,
If any, betwe.n the cross main and rISer must be ",IJed 10 pros:.urf'S shown In table.
4-head branch
Protection
area per
sprinkler
Height and type
of 1>lle
See Note 2
i
Flow,
Center feed
I
I
Side feed
I
I
•
I
i
C.nter f.ed
IFlow, I
lUser pressure. pal
Kpm
>:<
6-head branch
I~pm
'250-hd 1000hd 17S-hd' 1000hd
I
I ':<
lUser
I
8-head branch
Side Ceed
~ure,
Center feed
I Flow. :
pal
I
Sid. feed
Rlaer p.... ur•• pal
i
.
gpm !
.
1
1250-hd 1000hd i 175-hd Il000hd, >:< '250-hd : 100-hd 1 175-hd I 1000hd
system system system system!
: systtm : system: system! system
)
,
I
I
i
- - - I - - - - , - ! - - - - I - : - - I -I- - I - ' - - , - I - I - ; - : - I system s)'Btem system: systrm
49 '9 ft
ABe D E F 0 H
~~ac~!;
J
I 360
I
390
32!
37 I
~I
29'
34
I
46;
54
I
52'
43
51
i
i 380
I
420,
I
. ': : ; .:c ::1:1:: ':1 :1,:
64 sq ft
ABe D E F 0 H
(9' X 9'
loEB
..;;:.
;
,pacing)
380
1
34!
31
39
35
: i '~ I '~l
w: i ~~ Ii;:
DeE
FGH
540
78
71
49
;! ~ I~m I:
~~
~!
54
420
43
~~, ~~
i
114
I
I
590
I
~
~80:
~~
116
84
------~------~
N~tes
~
I;
I:
122
42! 4oo!
49
430 I
i
: : : ::,:
35
1
390'
44
51
32
38
37
58
48
34
40
47
1
i
I
400
!~g
54
;ll, ~
109
i
;~g
600
I
39:
46
37
43'
43
83
39
77
53
106
50
101
46
49
145
42
46
59
55
59
77
132
58
62
81
46
55
65
75
97
44
52
61
71
92
56
66
78
90
118
53
63
74
86
III
64
4S'
53
43
51
~--~--~--~--~--~--~--~--
are also applicable to Tables 2.3.2. B and 2_3.2.C
I. The mltlal water supply for sprmklers should be capable of bemg mluntamed for a period of
2- Height and type of pile (see 'l'"ble 72-1)
A
6 ft, 00 floor
B 7 ft. on 800r
e
8 ft. on floor
D 9 ft, on 800r
E 10 ft, on 800r
a' least I hr.
F 9~~ ft, wood pallets (2 pallets high)
G 12 ft, 00 aoor
H 12ft, rack piled
J 14 It, b..tlled wood pallets 13 pallets high)
+
3 1'10ws are the average to the nearesl 10 ~pm oC the c.lcubted 80ws for center- and SI~e-fed systems. Flows win be wlthiD
2% of the calculated 80w for
..oter-fed systems and wltbm - 2% of the c,"'uhteJ 110 .. for ,de-fed sv,terns
4 RlScr pressures are the a\"era.~c to thl'" l)f'::t.rf"H pt1llOd of the C'.llcuhtp(j rl~er pressurpc; inr the 189; 1.nd 1940 rlloe <;rhf'ciul('>; RlSpr prf'ssure wlll be not over 3 Ib
1,·.., th.n the calcubted pressure for the 1940 srhrduh- an, I not ovrr 3 10 more tbon the c.lcuhted pressure Cvr the 189; schedule
.) \\ here protection area (ler sprmLlrr l'\ (ltiTl"'rl nt, from that ijhown In table. sprlnk.ler tlow ilnd rl~('r pr('~;ure may Lf' Jlrertiy proportioned betweeD the ne"rest,
: rolc-cllOn areas shown In tahle for th~ hrlght 1)£ plhn~
'.tA>lPLE ITable 66-3): PIlmg G, 12 ft. on tloor
~prmkler spacing 9 hy 8 ft = 72 sq ft ~bead branch IlDea center-fed 00 Z;o..bead .ystem.
FroID table, 81 sq ft protectIOn arca. How = 470 gpm, "".. pressure 56 fl'Il
from table, 64 sq ft protecllon area. 80w
390 .pllI, rlScr pressure 37 psi
=
D
•
~
(72-64)
(8141) X 80 = 40 gplll
1?2~)
(81-64) X
19 = 9
ps1
flo" for 72 sq ft prottction area
390 + 40 = 430 Rpm Illser prrs.ure Cnr 72 ,~ ft protrrtlon area = 37 + 9 = 46 psI.
b RLWf pressure and flow for 5·hrJ.d hr.l1lC'h lu1t'" III lY IIr ohhmpd from thl' .iJ.b 1!lv('n for 4- 3ntl 6-heatl hnnf'h Imps by mtrrpoiahnn
Data for 7-head b~nch
,llr, may he obtalll('d slUullriv from thr 6... .Hld B-h'· III hr UH h hn,.. tLlt 1
r 7 Where the numhrr of sprlllll,.r.; (ler ~'t[t'm l'IthtT. f{'lIt lrom th It ... howfl III tJ.itlc, rL<;('f pr,·~... urc ma,,- hf' din" tty proportlolll' j rrom th . ., pressures shown 10 tahle
~I '!\'''I.tems "hown In thE" tahlp ,\fr rrntrr-.'j·IUi.1I .lt1d "'lth'·rt'nfr.tI ,,.. I, flit' ulln~ '\, ,t OTlP.',,,H tht- hl':l I r'}unt I'i on t"J.ch '\11(" uf thr rlS"r
8 \\ Ilh.uns a'ld 1(.lIPn cocfficv'nt C of 120 ' 'I Il" II III Int tlnn·h~"l C'fllllP'lt'ulons \ rOIU[llnC:-.8 cocrfirlent oi 120 IS used ,r the- CJ.rrylng r3.p.lClty of the plpmg has
~,r)t Lrrn appreciably afff1'trd by tuiJrrcul.ltlon or othf'r ob\truC'lIng lIl..Llt·nal
=
~:<
Water volume is in U. S. Gallons.
- 7 SU BSEC TION 2. 3. 3 .
Scope
2.3.3.1.
SALVAGE SHOPS AND
SALVAGE YARDS· INCLUDING
AUTOMOBILE WRECKING YARDS
This subsection provides fo r the prevention
and spread of fire in salvage shops and salvage
yards including automobile wrecking yards.
Malntenance
2.3.3.2.
The owner or occupier of a salvage shop or
salvage yard or automf)bile wrecking yard shall
not display goods or material outside the shop
or yard.
Piling of
salvage
material
2.3.3.3. (1)
Different types of salvage material shall
be separated and stored in separate piles.
NOTE:
Tanks or drums should be stored in separate
piles separated from other salvage m.atenals
to prevent explosions should a hre occur in
the salvage piles.
(2) Piles which mclude combustible salvage material
shall be limited in height to 10 ft
and m no msta nce
shall such a pile be greater than 1000 sq. it.
(3)
Piles of salvage materials shall be separal ed by
a clear space of 10 ft.
(4)
Piles whlch mclude 5'0mbustibl"e salvage material
shall not be piled
(5)
W
lthin 10 ft. of the property line.
The roof of a btlliding located in a salvage yard
shall not be used for storage purposes
- 8 -
2.3 3.4.
Starting
fires on
premi.ses
Only fires used only for heating purpos es or
for operating machinery or e51uipment shall be
lighted or allowed to burn in salvage yard except
as specified in Article 2.1. 4.11.
Grass and
Weeds
2.3.3.5.
The owner
0
r occupier of a salvage shop or
salvage yard or automobile wrecking yard shall
cut down and remove grass and weeds between
space separations required in Article 2.3.3.3.
Fencing
2.3.3.6.
Every salvage yard premises shall be
surrounded by a substantial fence not les s than
8 ft. and not more than 10 ft. high (or as specified
in the local zoning bylaw) which contains a gate
in an opening having a width of at least 10 ft. to
provide for fire department access.
- 9 -
SUBSECTION 2.3.4.
Scope
2.3.4.1.
RETAIL AND WtIOLESALE
LUMBER STORAGE YARDS
This subs ection provides fo r the prevention
and spread of fires in
lum~er
yards and woodworking
plants by regulating outdoor storage, fIre department
acces s, waste burnlng, smoking, exhaust systems
..
and fire protection insl-allatlOns.
Piling in
open yards
2.3.4.2. (1)
Lurnher shall be piled m orderly and
regular piles in conforrllance with Sentence (3)
on solid ground and shall not be piled on rC'fus cor
sawdust-fllled land unless such sawdust-filled land
is prepared and covered with a layer of contpacted
earth to a minimllm depth of 6 lUches.
(2)
Lumber piles shall be stable and in no case
shall the height of a stickered pile exceed 20 ft.
NOTE:
(3)
Sticken'd piles are plIed with sticks bej-weE'n
layers of boarels to facihtate air drymg,
Lumber plIes shall be arranged so t-hat the'
nlaXlmUtll vvidth of each mdividual group of pIles
shall not exceed 50 ft. and rnaxintum
~ength
shall
not exceed 150 it_
(4)
Stickered lumber piles shall not be located
within 50 it. of the propeny line or build mgs
1vherein p<:'rsonnel are ernployed or goods warehoused,
- 10
(5)
The height of bottom members supporting
piles shall be adequate to permit cleaning- operations
j
under the piles, but in no case shall the height of
such members be less than 6 inches,
,
Waste and
weed control
2,3,4,3,(1) Sawdust, chips, and other waste material
shall not be allowed to accumulate in piling areas,
Weeds
(2) Weeds shall be kept down by treating them with
a weed-killer or by cutting and grubbing,
(3) Weeds shall be removed and disposed of off
the premises,
Fire lanes
2,3,4,4,(1) Fire lanes shall surround each indIVIdual
group of piles described in Sentence 2,3,4.2, (2)
(2) At least two fire lanes shall provide access
to a lumber yard from separate streets where
possible and such fire lanes shall be located so as
to be as remote as pos sible from each other.
(3) Fire lanes shall conform to requirements In
Subsection 2.1.
Vehicles
.
(Fire Dept. Access).
(4) The overnight parking of vehicles or stacking
equipnlent in a fire lant' shall not be permitted unless
(a) the fire lane exceeds 25 ft. in width,
(b) the vehicles or stacking equipment are parked
on one side of the fire lane, and
(c)
there is a minimum clear width of 15 ft, for
pas sing the vehicles
0
r stacking equipment,
- 11 (5)
Fencing
Yards shall be enclosed by a fence not less
than 8 ft. high.
(6) A gate opening having an unobstructed width of
at least 10 ft. shall be provided for fire department
access.
urning
aste
2.3.4.5. (1) Burning of shavings, sawdust, and refuse
materials shall only be done under bOllers, in
furnaces, in incinerators or In refuse burners which
are installed m accordance with Artlcle 2.1. 4.12.
(2)
WherC' sawdust, shavings or other refuse
materIals are sj-ored at an Installation referred to
in Sentence' 2.3.4.5. (1), a storage bin of noncombustible construction shall be provided WIth a rais ed
sill of sufficient height to contain the stored mMerial.
(3)
Stacks on thL'
l1~stallations
referred to in
Sentence 2.3.4.5.(1) shall be provIded WIth approved
spark arrestors havmg openings not gl"l'atpr than
3/4 in. or some other m(~ans to elimInate l'lll~ssi()n
of sparks
- 12 -
Power lines
2.3.4.6.
Lumber shall not be stored beneath
electrical power lines.
, Heating
Eguip~ent
2.3.4.7. (1) Heating equipment shall conform with
Subsection 2.1.8 .
(2)
Salamanders, braziers, or other open fires
shall not be us ed .
Smoking
2.3.4.8.
Smoking shall be prohibited in lumber
yards except in conform.ance with Article
2.1. 4. 14.
Fire
protection
2.3.4.9. (1) Where there is a fire department
which will respond in 'case of fire, the fire
department telephone number and the location
of the nearest fire alarm boxes and telephones
shall be posted conspicuously in working locations
in the open yard and in each build ing.
(2)
Water barrels of at least 45 gal. capacity
with three approved pails attached, each of 10 qt.
capacity, or approved portable extinguisher
having a 2A rating shall be located throughout
the pas sageways so that a travel distance of not
more than 75ft is needed from any part of the
open yard to rea'ch a barrel or extinguisher.
-,
- 13 -
(3) Portable extinguishing equipment shall
be provided in accordance with Subsection
4, _ _ ' in each building or shed located in a
lumber yard.
(4)
Where a municipal hyd rant system exists,
it shall be extended into the yard area so
that all parts of the lumber yard can be reached
by using not more than 200 ft of hose,
"
_ 14 _
SUBSECTION 2.3.5.
Scope
2.3.5.1.
WOODWORKING PLANTS
This subsection applies to woodworking
plants including sawmills and planing mills to
provide for the safe hand ling of waste, control of
sources of ignition, and first aid fire protection.
2.3.5.2.
The outdoor storage of lumber shall be in
accordance with Subsection 2.3.4.
Blower and
exhaust systems
2.3.5,3. (1)
Woodworking plants shall be equipped, with
blower and exhaust systems installed in accordance
with NFPA Standard No. 91, Blower and Exhaust
Systems 1972, to provide for the removal of wood
waste,
(2)
All machines which produce wood dust, particles
or shavings shall be connectt'd to the exhaust
system referred to in Sentence (1),
(3)
Woodworking exhaust systems shall be restricted
to handling wood wastes,
(4)
Any operation generating potenl-ial
ignition sue h as grinding wh(·l'ls
0"
BOUret'S
of
handling of
hazardous m3.terials such as flam.mable vapours
shall not be connected to woodworking exhaust
systems whi ch shall be restricted to handling
wood wastes.
- 15
2.3.5.4.
Loose shavings and sawdust shall be swept
up at frequent intervals and deposited in noncombustible receptacles as desc ribed in Subs ection
<1
2.1. 4. to keep the premises and machinery clean.
Appliances
2.3.5.5.
Where electrically heated glue pots,
soldering irons, or other heat producing appllances
are in use they shall be provided with an indicating
s witch and a red pilot l.ight.
Fire
protection
2.3.5.6.
An appro,::,e.? portable extinguisher of 2A
rating or a sln311. hose having an inside dIameter
of at least 1/2 in. coupled to a water line shall be
provided within 25 it. of any machine producll1g
wood dust, particles
01'
shavings.
- 16 -
SUBSECTION 2.3.6.
Scope
I
2.3.6.1.
OUTDOOR STORAGE OF
FOREST PRODUCTS
The intent of this subs ection is to minimize
the fire hazard in yard storage areas containing
lum':lcr, timber, ties, poles, piles, posts and other
similar forest products except woodchip sto rage
covered in Subsection 2.3.7 . and retail and wholesale
lum~er
NOTE:
and storage yards cove red in Subsection 2.3.4.
Each ind ividual property will have its own
spec ial conditions of yard us e, stock handling methods
and topography.
Fo r this reason, only confor mity to
basic fire protection princIples are required hen-in.
These requirements arc intended to be applied with
due consideration of all local factors involved and
the approval of the authority having jurisdiction.
Fire
alarm
2.3.6.2. (1) When a fire is discovered, no matter how
small, the public fire department and plant fire
brigade shall be notified at once.
(2)
The telephone number of the firc department and
the location of the nearest fIre alarm
~ox
shall be
posted conspicuously In several locations in the
yard and buildings.
- 17 -
Basic-Lumber Yard Protection
For large
lunlber
operations
NOTE: In all lumber storage operations provision
should be made for early fire detection and
extinguishment.
Such provision would require watch,:~anpower
man and alarm s ervic e, fire brigade
and
extinguishing equipment, and ready access by Ineans
::>
of alleyways into all parts of the lumber sto rage area
so that portable 'fire extmguishers and fire hose can
be promptly brought to the site of the hre.
Alleyways
should be unobstructed, of sufficient width for hand
or cart fire hose laying operations, and spaced
relatively close together so that small fires can be
effectively controlled.
J
2.3.6_.3. (1)
Where a watchman service
IS
provided. It
shall be maintained throughout the mght and durmg
all nonoperating periods.
(2)
Watchmen shall be supervised by approved centrcll
station or watchman's time detector
0
r portable
watch clock.
Fire lanes
2.3.6.4.
Fire lanes shall be provided as specifIed
Article 2 . .3.4.4.
In
- 18 -
2.3.6.5.
Pile heights shall be limited to 20 it. to
~
permit effective operation of hose streams unless
Pile heights
approved special extinguishing equipment such as
portable turrets, deluge sets and monitor towers
is installed,
Exposure
protection
2,3.6,6.
Yard sto rage
2
reas shall be separated frolll
mill operations and other structures to minirnize
fire exposure to the yard areas.
NOTE:
Minimum. separation should be by means of
clear space pennanently available for fire-fightmg
operations and the clear space width should be
based upon the severity of exposure, which will
vary with the area, height, occupancy, construction
and protection of the exposing structure and the type
of piling and height of adjacent lumber piles.
Fire
exposure between adjacent structures and nearby
property constitutes one of the major fire protection
problems of lumber yard operations.
Storage
site
2,3,6.7. (1) The storage site shall be level, solid ground,
paved or surfaced Vvith material such as cinders,
fine gravel or stone.
/
\
- 19 -
(2) Areas' where the hazard of underground fire
is pres ent shall not be used,
(3)· No piling shall be permitted on refuse or
sawdust-filled land unless it i:s covered with a
layer of compacted earch to a minimum depth
of 6 inches,
2,3,6,8. (1)
Fire
lanes
Fire lanes conforming to the requirements
of Subsection 2.1. 7. shan be provided between
ind ividual groups of lumber' piles.
(2)
Fire lanes shall be so spaced that a: maxim'-1m
grid system ::>f 50 ft by 150 ft is produced.
(3)
Fire lanes shall provide acceSS to a lumber
yard directly froni separate streets or roadways
and such fire lanes shall be located so as to be'
as remote as pos sible from each other.
Treated
lumber
2.,3.6. 9,
Lumher and timber treated with
combustible liquids shall be stored in s{'paratc
piles located so that 1he dlstanC(' Iwtw('('n pites
is five timc's the heIght of the adpcl'n1 pile but
in no case less than 15 ft.
Vegetation
expos,ure
2,,3.6,10. (1)
Forest, brush and grass fire exposure
to the yard shall be minimized by providing adequate
clear space which is carefully kept free of
combustible vegetation so that
- 20 -
(~)
the distance to exposed grass covered areas
is 15 ft,
(b) the distance to exposed brush is 100 ft, and
(c) the distance to forested areas shall be
as large as possible.
Open
fires
2.3.6.11. (1) Heating equipment shall conform
with Subsection 2.1.8 .
(2) Salamanders, braziers, or other open fires
shall not be us ed.
Spark
arrester
2.3.6.12. (1) Shavings, sawdust and refuse materials
shall be burned only under boilers, in furnaces,
in incinerators or in refuse burners
wh~ch
are
installed in accordance with Article 2.1. 4.12.
(2) Sawdust or shavings or refuse materials
shall be contained in a storage bin at an installation as specified in Sentence 2.3.4.5. (1).
~
(3) A storage bin of noncombustible construction
shall be provided at a boiler or at other installations where sawdust or shavings are us ed
as fuel.
(4) Stacks shall be provided with approved spark
arresters having openings not greater than 3/4 in
or some other means to eliminate the emission
of sparks.
ItI
I
')
'~'
- 21 -
Smoking
2.3.6.13. (1) Smoking shall be prohibite'd except in
approved locations.
(2) "No Smoking" signs shall be posted throughout
all buildings and in the yard except in specific
locations designated as safe for smoking and
signs permitting smoking should be posted in
those areas in conformance with Article 2.1.4.13.
(3)
Smoking shall be specifically prohibited in
and around railroad cars.
Fencing
2.3.6.14.
Where storage areas are enclosed, gatE's
having a clear width of at least 10 ft shall be
located to permit entry of fire department apparatus
Fire Protection Equipment
Fire department
protection
2.3.6.15. (1) Where lhere is a fire department which
will respond in case of fire, the fire department
telephone number and the location of the nearest
fire alarm boxes and telephones shall be posted
conspicuously in working locations in the open
yard and in each build ing.
Portable
extingu is her s
(2)
Water barrels of at least 45 gal. capclcity wlth
three
~pproved
pa Us attached, each of 10 qt.
capacity, or approved portable extinguisher
- 22 -
having a 2A rating shall be located throughout
the pas sageways so that a travel distance
of not more than 75 ft is needed from any part of
the open yard to reach a barrel or extinguisher.
(3) Portable extingulshing equipment shall be
provided in accordance with Subs ection 4. _ _
in each building or shed located in a lumher yard.
Hydrants
(4)
Where a municipal hydrant system exists,
it shall be extended into the yard area so that
all parts of the lumber yard can be reached by
using not more than 200 ft of hose.
Hydrants
2.3.6.16. (1) A yard fire hydrant system shall be
provided capable of supplying four 250 gpm hose
streams simultaneously for basic fire protection.
(2) Where large scale fire fighting operations are
to be expected, larger water supplies with adequate
ma.ins acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction
shall be provided.
(3) Hydrants shall be of an approved type with the
same hose threads as used by the local fire department' and located, when possible, at fire lane
inters ections.
- 23 -
(4) Hydrants shall be spaced with sufficient
2-1/2 in hose attached to permit rapid hose lays
to all parts of the piling areas at about 250 ft
intervals so that any part of the yard can be
reached with 200 ft of hose.
Water supply
NOTE: Powerful water supplies and large mains
should be provided where public or private
fire department response, with manpower and
equipment that can use thes,e supplies, is
available.
Large stream equipment such as
portable turrets and deluge sets requires 750 to
1000 gpm for each appliance.
require supplies
unit.
10
Monitor towers may
excess of 1000 gpm for each
In large yards where the hazard is severe,
many of these devices may be operated sim;}ltaneously.
Industrial
trucks
2'.3.6.11'.
The use, storage and maintenance of
industrial trucks used in the yard and related
buildings shall be in conformance with Subsection
2.3.12,
- 24 -
SUBSECTION 2.3.7.
Scope
OUTDOOR STORAGE OF
WOOD CHIPS
2.3.7 .1. (1) The intent of this Subsection is to provide
requirements for fire protection to minimize the
fire hazard in yard storage areas containIng
wood chips for use in pulp and paper mills.
NOTE:
Each individual property wIll hav£' its own
special conditions of yard use, chip handling
methods and topography.
For this reason, only
conformity to basic fire protection principles are
required herein.
Storage
(2)
The storage site shall be level solid ground or
paved with blacktop, concrete, or other hard surface
material that can be thoroughly cleaned of all old
refuse and chips before starting a n{'w pile.
2.3.7.2. (1)
Piles shall be constructed with an access
walkway at least 6 ft. in width fo r fir(' fighting
purposes to the top of the pile in order to reach any
part of the pile with a hose stream.
(2)
For piles exceeding 500 ft. in length, two or
mJre walkways on opposit£' sides of the pile shall be
provided.
,.
- 25 Method
of piling
2.3. 7 .3. (1)
Piles shall not exceed 60 it. in height,
300 it. in width, and 500 ft. in length, unles s
temporary water pipes with hose connections are laid
on the top surface of the pile.
(2)
Piles in excess of 500 ft. in length shall be
surrounded by fire lanes having at least 30 ft
of
clear space at the bas e of the piles.
NOTE' Any combustible structures ncar chip piles
might pose a serious exposure hazard to the chlp
pile.
For these reasons, it is recomm.ended that a
clear space be maintained between chip piles and
expos ing structures, yard equipment
on the degree of exposures hazard
0
r stock, depending
Greater clearance
is desirable when piles are high and side slopE'S are
greater than 60 degrees.
2.3.7.4.(1)
Portable fire extinguishers suitable
for Class A fi res sha'll be provided on all vchlC'les
operating on the pile m addltion to the norrnal Clas s B
units for the vehicle.
(2)
At least two Class A extingulshers, each wllh
a 2-A rating, shall be provided in each hydrant house
at the perimeter of the pik.
(3)
Motor houses for pile operating equlpment shall
be provided wlth portable extingulshers in accordance
with Subs echon 4.
--
- 26 -
2.3.7.5. (1) A yard hydrant system connected to an
approved water supply shall be provided.
Hydrants
(2) Hydrants shall be connected to a'loop system
and equipped wIth divis ion valves
(3)
Control valves shall be provtded on each hydra
branch.
(4) Hydrants shall be of an approved type underline
with the same hose threads as used by the local
fire department equipped with independant hose
gates or approved detachable hose valves.
(5) Hydrants shall be spaced at 300 -ft. intervals.
(6) A hydrant house with hose and auxiliary
equipment shall be provided to house the hydrant.
2.3.7.6 (1)
There shall be at least 250 ft. of
1-1/2 inch hose with com'nnation nozzle for each
hydrant.
(2) ,There shall be 250 ft. of 2. -1/ 2 inch hose / with
one 2-1/2 inch nozzle and onC' 2-1/2 by 1-1/Z in.
wye connection provided at each hyd rant.
- 27 -
2.3.7.7. (1) A water supply capable of supplying
Water
supply
water continuously at 1250 g. p. m. shall be
provided for protection of smgle piles conforming
to the recommendations of Sentence 2.3.7 .3. (1).
(2)
For multiple piles, or piles of larger area or
height than
de~cribed
in SentencE' 2 3 7. '3. (1).
elf
least 2.500 g p. m. continuous supply shall be
provided.
Heavy caliber
hose streams
NOTE:
Where large amounts of combustible
materials are located In yards, It is necvs.sa ry
to provide a ready rneans of deliverlng large
This
quantities of water at effective pressures
can besL be
of
cOn1,Jllsbcd by instalhng p(,rlnancnt
m')nitor nozzles on the ground al'ound the plIes. and
occas ionally where necessary on
or on roofs of buildings.
SPt'C
iaJ t rcsl1cs
Portable clclugt, sels
use with siamese hose lines are also valuab1,:
many cases.
The locat ion of thIS apparatus
lor
lV.
I-he
size of piping supplying It, the a1' rangemcnt of cont-rol valves and the nC'c('ssary water bUpp1ll'S.
demand considera.tion
In
each individual l
;]SC
the authority l1aving jurisd iC~lOn should lw
~,!l
and
(()i1S'i
It (·,1.
- 28 -
Weeds and
debris
2.3.7 . 8. (1) The ground surface between piles shall
be kept free of all combustible refuse, debris,
and chips.
(2)
Weeds, gras sand si.mi] ar vegetation shall be
controlled throughout the ent-lre yard by spraymg
with an approved weed klilcr or ground sterilizl!r
or grubbed out.
Smoking
(3)
Dead weeds shall be removed from I·he yard
(4)
Weed burners shall not be used
2.3.7.9.
Smoking s hall be prohibited except in
specifIed safe locations and "No Smoking" sIgns
shall be posted throughout all bu ild ings and m the
yard and be in conformance with Article 2.1. 4.13.
Security
2.3.7.10.
Where storage areas arc enclos ed, gates at
least 10 ft. in width shall
b~'
locat C'd to permi.t entry
of fire ckpartmenl appar<11liS 10 the 1:>lorag<' ill'"ClS
2.3.7.11.
F'('rmanenl lightmg shall be installed to
illummate the entire yard area
2.3.7.12.
A surveillance service shall be provided
to monitor the yard and storage area when the yard
is unoccupied
- 29' -
SUBSECTION 2,3,8,
Scope
2,3,8,1.
INDUSTRiAL OVENS FOR'
BAKING AND DR YING PROCESSES
This s.ubsection applies to the location,
design, construction and operation of mdustrial
ba~ing
and drymg ovens whlch are heated w1th oil
"
or gas fuel or which durmg operation conta.in
flammable vapours given off by the products being
baked or dried.
Location
2,3.8,2,
Ovens shall not be located in any storey of
a building located below grade.
Constructl.On
2,3,8,3', (1) Industrial owens shall be constructed of
noncombustible m.aterials with interiors of smooth
surfaces arranged to permit cleaning.
Roof and
£loo,rs
(2)
The roof and
llcl'-' r of
()vens and heaters and
associated ductwork shall have sufficient clearance
or be msulated where necessary to prevent the
temperature from excec·ding 90°C (194°F) at
combustlble cc lJings. flo
°
I'
~.
walls and roofmg.
- 30 Explosion
(3) Explosion vents shall be provided for ovens
where fuel or vapours hazards are present and
shall have a venting ratio of 1 sq.ft. for each
15 cu. ft. oven volume.
(4)
Explosion vents shall be designed in accordance
"
with NFPA Standard No. 91, Standard for the
Installation of B lower and Exhaust Systems for
Du~t,
Stock and Vapour Removal or Conveying-1972.
(5) Openings or access doors equipped with
approved explosion release hardware shall be
acceptable in determining the venting ratio fo r
explosion vents.
Ducts
( 6)
Ducts shall be of noncombustible construction
and insulation where us ed shall be noncombustible
.
. _-- ----(7)
Exhaust ducts shall not discharge within 5 it.
of windows, or other air intake openings.
(8)
Ducts or stacks shall not pass through fire walls.
V ('nt ilation
Ovens
2.3.8.4. (1) Ovens in which flammable vapours mi.ly be
present or through whlch products of combustion
are circulated shall be ventilated in accordance with
NFPA No. 86A, Standard for Ovens and Furnaces 1971.
- 31 -
Interlocks
2.3.8.5. (1)
In ovens where flammable vapours may
be present, interlocks for ventilating fans,
conveyors and heating systems shall be provided
to ensure that
(a)
safety shut-off 'laives shall close and ignitlOn
devices are de-activated;
(b)
in continuous process ovens all ventilatmg fans
are operating before conveyors are started and
of any ventilating fall will automatically stop
the conveyor.
l'vlaintcnance and Access
2.3.8.6. (1)
Ovens and aSf'ociated duct work shall be
inspected, cl"aned. <l,nci maintained at lntcrvals
suffiCient 1-0 prevent thr accumulation of combustible
depos its.
(2)
Hatches shall be provided to perrrllt
access f'-H
inspection, cleaning, and rnaintenance of ov,
n<;
associated ductwork.
(3)
Fixed, -----noncornbuS1-tble
ladders, steps,
-_._----
01'
I
grab ralls shalllw pr(>Vlcll'd 10 p('rn1l1 aueSS
to hatches.
dnd
- 32,Fire Protection
2.3. B. 7. (l) Approved portable fire extinguishers shall
be provided in accordance with Part 4.
(2) A standpipe and hose system installed in
accordance wit h Part 4 and having shutoff/ spray
nozzles shall be provided so that all parts of an
oven structure can be reached by a hose stream. ,
(3) Doors or other means of acceSs shall be
provided in ovens and associated duct work so that
portable fire extinguishers or hose streams may
be used in all parts of the equipment.
,
NOTE: Ovens containing or processing sufficient
combustible materials to sustain a continuous
burning fire may require to be equipped with automatic sprinklers or other fixed fire extinguishing
systems as required by the authority having jurisdiction and s hall include sprinklers in the exhaust
ducts when necessary.
- 33 -
SUBSECTION 2.3.9.
Scope
CLEANING AND -DYEING PLANTS
2.3; 9.1. (1) This subs ection applies to cleaning and
dyeing plants induding s elf-s ervice cleaning
establishments where clothing or other fabrics are
dry'cleaned or dry dyed using combustible liqUlds.
(2)
This subsectlOn controls the use of flammable
and combustible liquids, ventilating systems and
the safe operatlOn of appliances.
Approved
solvents
2.3.9.2.
Flam-nable liquids shall not be used
10
cleaning and dyeing plants for any purpose,
Self-service
e sta bl ishments
2.3.9.3.
In self- s erV1Cc rl ry cleaning establishments
solvents shall be of an approved non-flammable
type.
2.3.9.4.
Solvent~ us~d for cleaning and dry dyeing
shall be an approved type when such solvents are
combustible
Storage of
solvents
2.3.9.5.
liquid_~
Combustible liquids shall be stored and
handled in ac cordanc e with SectlOn 2,4.
Operating
requirements
c leaning solvents, doth ing shall be tho roughly
searched m the receiving room and all foreIgn
materials, especially
objects, removed.
n~atches
and metallic
,,\
- 34 -
2.3.9.7.
Lint and refuse shall be removed from
all traps in the cleaning and dry dyeing sys'tem
after the close of the day's work and disposed of
)
safely.
2.3 9.8. (1) Ventilation systems shall shut down
automatically when manual ftre alarm boxes or
automatic fire detectors are operated.
(2)
Whe re fire alarm systems are not installed,
signs shall be posted to instruct employees to
shut down the ventilation system in the event of fire.
Spotting
operations
2.3.9.9.
Spotting operations using combustible
liquids shall not be permitted where self-service
dry cleaning equipment is installed.
2.3.9.10.
Comhustible liquids used for spotting
operations shall be us('o in quant-itit's not ('x('cl'dmg
plung{·r-typ(·
saf(~ty
container.
- 35 -
Ventilation
2.3.9.11. (1)
Where combustible 'liquids are used
In
a dry cleaning or dyeing process, ventilating
equipment shall be provided to maintain an average
solvent concentratlOn of not
m~re
than 100 pp,m within
10 ft. horizontally of a c lean 109 or dyelOg unit and
not more than 40 ppm elsewhere in the plant.
(2) .Combustion air for gas or oil-fired equipment
shall come though ducts from a source outside
the bUild 109 when such equipment is located in a
cleaning or dyeing room.
(3)
Appliances with open flames or with exposed
electrical heating elements shall not be placed
within 20 ft. of cleaning or dyeing equipment in
which combustible hqmds are used unless such
appliances are located
lo
a separate enclosed room
a r cab inet 'which 1S mdependentl y ventIlated.
(4)
The exhaust vent1latlOn outlets shall be local I rl
not closer than 25 ft
from any openings to bU1ld lOgS
with other occupancies.
.
- 36 -
SUBSECTION 2.3.10.
Scope
2.3.10 .1.
GARAGES AND SERVICE
STATIONS
This subsection provides for the fire
protection of service stations by regulating
the storage and handling of flammable and
combustible liquids, smoking and the provision
of portable extinguishers.
Handling of
gasoline
and oil
2.3.10.2.
Flammable and combustible liquids
shall be stored and handled in accordance with
Subsection 2.4.6.
2.3.10.3.
Welding and cutting operations shall be
carried out in accordance with Part 3.
Smoking
2.3.10.4.
Smoking on service station
premises
I
shall be regulated according to Article 2.1.4.13.
Portable
Extinguishers
2.3.10.5.
Portable extinguishers shall be provided
in accordance with Part 4.
,
,
,
- 37 -
,
SUBSECTION 2.3.11.
Scope
2.3.11.1.
BOWLING ALLEYS
This subsection provides for the
regulation of hazards as sociated with alley
resurfacing operations and for pin refinishing
operations where the work is carried out in
the build ing.
2.3.11. 2. (1)
The owner or occupier of a bowling
alley shall notify the authority having jurisdiction
when the alleys are to be resurfaced.
Alley
resurfacing
operations
(2)
The resurfacing of bowling alleys shall not
be carried on while the establishment is open
for bus iness,
(3)
Prior to the application of flammable finishes
and fo r one hour thereafter, all
mi~chanical
exhaust systems, electric motors, and other
equipment in a bowling alley which might be a
source of ignition shall be shut down and sm.Dking
and the use of open flarnes or lights is prohibited,
Pin
r efinis hing.
2.3.11.3. (1)
Pin refinishing, shall be carried out in
a building provided for the purpose, or in a room
at or above grade separated by walls and floor
and ceiling assemblies having at least I-hr fire
\
resistance rating.
(2) .No person shall sm::>ke in a refinishing room.
- 38 -
2.3.11. 4. (1)
When more than 10 gallons of flam()la.bll'
or combustible liquid with a flash point below
140 0 F is to be kept
Flammable liquids
lTI
a bowhng alley for purposes
of refinishing the alleys, pm refimshing, or for
any other purpose, they shall be stored as spcclfi.,·o
in Sentence 2.4 3.3.(3) of Section 2.4.
(2) A metal waste can(s) with a self-closing
COVI'J"
shall be provided for all waste rags and materials
in contact with flammable finlshes or solvents and
the contents shall be removed dally and dlsposed
of as directed by the authonty having jurisdlction.
\
\
'\
\,
· .
- 39 -
SUBSECTION 2.3.12.
Scope
2.3.12.1.
INDOOR GENERAL STORAGE
This subsection applies to the storage of
commodities to a height of 21 ft or less which,
with their packaging and storage aids, would
classify as ordinary combustibles.
It shallnot
apply to unpackaged bulk storage of grain, coal,
/
or similar commodities, or special hazard
comm,')dities such as tires, plastics, roll paper,
combustible fibres, flammable liquids or other
com.TIodities covered elsewhere in this Code.
Definition
2.3.12.2.
Ordinary Combustibles means combustible
solids or noncombustible solids with com':>ustible
packaging or storage aIds.
Size
of piles
2.3.12.3. (1) Heights of storage piles shall not exceed
21 ft and the clearancc! between the lowest
structural member supporting floor- ceiling
assern,)lies or roof-ceiling assemblies to the
top of adjacent piles shall be m.:lintainl'd at
_j(,
or rn:)rl' Inches.
(2)
Except as permitted in Sentence (3), the an'a
of ind ividual storage piles shall not exceed:
(a)
5000 sq ft in unsprinklered buildings,
(b)
10,000 sq it in sprinklered buildings, or
(c)
10,009 sq ft outside of bUildings.
,.:
",
.
- 40 (3) Where storage consists esentially of
noncom~ustible
materials, the areas of individual
piles shall not exceed twice the areas in
sentence (2).
Main
aisles
(4)
At least one main aisle shall be provided in
storage buildings extending the length of the
structure, having sufficient width to allow
industrial trucks to manoeuvre and pass on another,
but not less than one-half the height of the highest
adjacent pile.
Separating
aisles
(5)
Separating aisles between the piles described
in sentences (2) and (3) shall not be less than
8 ft.
Access
a i.sles
(6) Access aisles at least 3 ft in width shall be
provided from the m3.in aisle to the sides of the
building to provide ready access to exits to fire
department access panels, and to fire protection
equipment; including sprinkler control valves,
fire hose stations, fire extinguishers, and fi re
alarm stations.
Wall
clearance
(7)
Wall clearance at least 2 ft in width shall be
provided where comlTI")dities are stored which
rnay swell or expand WIth the absorpt ion of water
.
·
.
- 41 -
Fire stopping
of palletized
storage
(8)
Palletized storage shall be so arranged that
unobstructed horizontal channels formed by the
top and bottom of pallets shall not exceed 50 ft.
Pallet and Dunnage Storage
Indoor
storage
2.3.12.4. (1) Indoor storage of pallets and dunnage
may be permitted where outdoor storage is not
practicable if, in such cases, piles do not exceed
8 ft in height, 25 ft in width, and 2000 sq ft in
area, with separating aisles of not less than 8 ft
in width.
Location
(2) Pallets and dunnage not in use shall be stored
outdoors, wherever pos sible, and so located as
to avoid creating an exposure hazard to other
property, except as permitted in sentence (1)
Outdoor
storage
(3) Outdoor storage of pallets and dunnage shall
be arranged to limit individual piles to an area of
2000 sq ft after which any additional piles shall
-
be separated by a ten foot aisle to provide accesS
for' fire fighting.
(4) In storage buildings protected by approved
automatic sprinkler systems, pIles in excE'SS of
8
it may be permitted prov idC'd at,least 3
ft
0
f
clearance is rnaintained betwC'cn the sprinkle rand
the top of the piles.
.
- 42 Industrial Trucks
Approved
2.3.12.5. (1) Industrial trucks. including fork lifts,
types
tractors and motorized hand trucks shall be of
an approved type.
Hazardous
areas
(2) Industrial trucks shall not be permItted in
hazardous areas unless specifically approved
for use in such areas.
Storage of
industrial
trucks
(3)
Fuel-fired industrial trucks shall be stored
in detached garage build ings or in garage areas
separated from +-he remainder of the storage
building by means of construction having a fire
res istance rating of not les s than one hour.
Refueling
liquid fuel
2.3.12.6. (1)
Except as provided in sentence (2),
industrial trucks shall not be refuelled inside
warehouses or trans it shed s, but at des ignated
outside
lo~ations
where fuel d ispens ing devices and
procedures in conformance with Subsection
2.4.6. are provided.
Refueling
propane
(2) Industrial trucks which are fuelled by replaceable propane containers in accordance with
sentence ( ) tna.y have the containers ('xc-hanged
indoors at an approved location located at least
.
- 43 -
25 it away from open flames or other ignition
sources and open pits or underground entrances.
Exchange of
cylinders
(3)
Exchange of containers in conformance with
sentence (2) shall be effected by:
(a) us ing an approved automatic quick- clos mg
coupling (a type clos ing in both d irectlOns
when uncoupled) in the fuel line, or
(b) closing the valve at the containers and allowing
,
I
the engine to operate until the fuel in the systeni
is consumed.
(4)
with
Propane cylinders shall be stored in accordance
csA 149. 2-1969,
Installation Code for
,
Propane Burning ApplIances and Equipment.
Battery Charging Installations
Battery
operated
trucks
2.3.12.7. (1)
Multiple-pancl battery-charging m-
stallations serving m')rC' than two trucks shall
be located in a separate well ventilat£'d area
(2)
Single-panel charging mstallat'ions serving
011('
or two trucks shall be located so that ignitable
ma.terial cannot be placed closer than 5 it to the
truck( s).
- 44 (3) In occupancies where combustible dus ts and
fibres are present in quantity, battery- charging
equipment shall be located in a well-ventilated
room arranged so that such materials cannot
o
enter.
(4)
Facilities shall be provided at battery
charging installaHons for
(a) flushing and neutralizing spilled electrolyte,
and
(b) protecting charging apparatus from damage
by trucks.
(5) Where racks are used for support of batteries
they shall be constructed. coated or covered
with materials which will not generate sparks.
(6) Only trained and authorized personnel shall
be permitted to change or charge batteries.
(7) Sm':lking shall be prohibited in the charging
area and the requirements of Article 2.1. 4.13.
shall apply.
(8) Precautions s hall be taken to prpvent open flames,
sparks. or electric arcs in battery charging areas.
(9)
Tools and other metallic objects shall be kept
away from the top of uncovered batteries.
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